University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN)

 - Class of 1918

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University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1918 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 674 of the 1918 volume:

■■- ■- 4- , ' " V-TVf!) ry ' lH} M hC ■?■■■ ■■■ ■ " : ' f i? ' ' mi. Rl A y : ' m. XXXI ,1 f::« t;4 - rw- " ! vJ l f ZJZJZJ y7o in 6 0c f cuis( C tlf 3.. » O William Watts Fol ' well, L.L.D., who for fifty years has devo ' ted himself without reserve to the service of the University and of Minnesota, VA e, the class of 1918, re- spectfully dedicate this volume. ( We gratefully recognize that we are reaping the fruits of his wise planning and skilful direction when foundations were being laid, policies established, and plans form- ed, for the natural and harmonious development of the various departments of the University, which should increasingly meet the manifold requirements of the complex life of the State. Q We offer the Educator and the Scholar our tribute of honor and esteem; we offer the Man our tribute of homage and of love. f?m x? HEN William Watts Folwell was graduated in 1857 from Hobart College, the world in the light of recent events was young. Queen Victoria was busy bringing up her family of children, who have since crowned more than one European court. Napoleon III, amid all the glitter of the most splendid court France has ever known, was heading toward that downfall from which only in the last two years has France magnificently recovered her moral grandeur. Bismarck was making ready first to render Austria secondary to Prussia; then to grind France into the dust; then to establish German militarism on a rock which, whatever one ' s views concerning the present world war, has proved to be the most solid in the history of the world. Russia was scarcely half barbaric, and no one dreamed that she was in the half century since to pass through almost a com- plete cycle of military and political experience. No Open Door was even foreseen in China, and Saigo had not made his last stand against feudalism in Japan. Buchanan was just beginning his impossible management of a house which Abraham Lincoln said divided against itself could not stand, and William W. Folwell was to teach Mathematics at Hobart for two years before winning his spurs in the great Civil War. Of his career at Hobart there are too few still surviving to fill out in detail the picture, but that does not matter. Even from a single bone the expert can, it is said, construct a complete anatomy, and I have at least a few specimens of personal experiences from which to build up for the readers of the Gopher a characterization of our Professor Folwell. He left our faculty in 1860 before a single member of the present faculty, except our beloved Dean, was born. He has sometimes come back to see us, and no visitor has been more welcome. I had a glimpse of him two years ago and a handshake as he was looking about the Hobart of today. It was an honor as well as a pleasure to see him and to recall that, though Virgil ' s lines are true, " rari nantes in gurgiti vasto, " it is still not quite true for Hobart so far as he is concerned that " All, all are gone; the old familiar faces " ; for our Professor Emeritus Charles D. Vail, who was graduated when Dr. Folwell was teaching here, is still with us and often speaks of Dr. Folwell with affection and respect. The picture we have of Dr. Folwell here is the picture that every reader of the Gopher will have, — ability, scholarship, public spirit, social grace and general lovableness. Of course, Hobart ' s President counts it an honor to be asked to speak this word about him. And of course we all say, since he is still so much alive — in the words of Horace — " Late may he return to Heaven. " Lyman P. Powell, President of Hobart College. January 24, 1917. lOREWORD To give a picture of Minnesota dur ' ing the past school year — to put into some permanent form the stories of our work, our ac- tivities, our organi ' zations — to give to the people of our State a glimpse into the workings of their great institution — these things have been the purpose of this Gopher. But more than this, we have wished to call attention to the coming birth ' day of Minnesota. With this in mind we have wished to reminisce a little, to introduce a glimpse or two of the past fifty years. With this introduc- tion we present the Gopher of the Class of 1918. S we rejoice in the develop ment of the University it is well that we should remenri ' ber the State whose generos- ity has meant so much to us. The growth of the State has meant the growth of the University. As one became prosperous the other profited by that prosperity. NA ' hile the frontiers were disappearing before towns and farms, the struggling college was slowly developing into a University. Truly, 1918 is a year of Jubilee, not only for the members of the University but for the entire common- wealth of Minnesota. I Minnesota MT!rrrrriaT T7T?Ta?iarrrwaa i-iTi-i-i in the following pages, to picture in some small manner this con- trast, we feel that our purpose will have been fulfilled. w rf m m Glimpses of Fifty Years " T HERE is, as I have said, but one recourse. The state must - • endow the university; and if the state will have the uni versity in its full proportions, let her first count the cost, and take the MILLION FOR HER UNIT. " How many people who heard Dr. Folwell say these words in his inaugural address, 1869, believed that they ivere anything but the shadowy visions of an idealistic professor? There were not many reassuring things about the University. From 1851 to 1868, the University had had a dismal history. In 1864, the " Old Main " was used by a family who kept turkeys in one room, wood in another, and hay in a third. In ' ' 65 a strong effort was made to turn the building over to the use of the state ' s insane. And now, a year after the reorganization of the University, the newly elected president was speaking of appropriations of millions. Today we are nearing the fiftieth anniversary of the reorganiza- tion of the University. The prophecy of Doctor Folwell has long since become a reality. As he goes to his office in the library. Doctor Folwell sees a Minnesota far different from the school he came to reorganize. The old dilapidated main is no longer standing. The barren wastes of the early campus have disappeared. Instead of a faculty of nine men, there is a university of twelve colleges. In the life of a great university, fifty years is not a long time. But the marvelous growth of our university in the past fifty years n makes it impossible to give more than a brief panorama of our short history. Glimpses into years of struggle and privation, years of doubts and crises, but years of a wonderful development. The beautiful scenes of our " greater campus, " the increase of colleges and departments, the number of student activities today present f a strange contrast to the university of " Uncle Billy. " If we are able, m m If H m if M If t) IN ■ •? N M l M I? m V M • ' ' » ' » ' « ' i ' « ' » ' J ' i ' i ' »-i ' K ' i ' i»i»i.i ' i-i»i«»-i-i»»»i«i-».K ' »»i.i.i.i.t.i.i ' ».i.i.i.i.i.iC ' »a»T ' i-i ' i-i-i»i»»-»-i-ia-i ' i-i ' i m I? m M m M-1-I-I ' I.I.I.I-1.1.X.1 ' I ' I ' I-I«1 ' I ' I ' I-M ' I-I ' M ' I-1-I ' 1 ' I-J Si i-i-i-i ' i ' i ' i ' i-i ' i ' i ' i ' i ' i-i-i i-r-ra-i-i-r -i-i-i-i-i-i ' i ' i-a I M •J M tv. 1 =-- ' -y ' K ' " ' • % ' 4 P 111 ifpf 5 »--c ' MecH Ric p-r. 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M M M H • H m if m N m m H if m M N s •? M jl H H ■ i M N H M M A I? j ' » ' i ' i ' « ' i»i i-i-i.ia.a.».i.i i.i.i.».i.i.i.i.i.i»«.i.«-i.».i-j.i.i.i.i.i.ja.i.i-i.i.i.Ti.i.Ti.i.ia.i ' i.i.i»».i.i.»a«i-i-ia r.T.lrl-I-ia-I-I-I-I-I-I ' I ' I ' I-l ' I ' M-J ' I ' K ' l ' I-M-I-I-l ' l-I ' I mi I ' l-i ' M ' i ' j ' r-i ' i ' i ' i ' t ' i ' i ' i ' i ' t ' i ' t-i-i ' X-i-x-t ' i-x-i ' i-i ' i-a mi m a K ' » ' X-i»i»i ' i ' i-i i»i-i-ji.»»H»i ' »»i»i.«.«-»»i«i»i.i»»»i.»-».».i.i.i.i.i.i.i.i.i.i.i.T»i.i.i»«a.i«i-X ' X ' i ' i-i»«»i-i-»«i ' i ' i ' i-i ADMINISTRATION D ■ ■ ■ THt GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C rcsibent Oienrge . Vincent D ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE GbPHER To the Students of the University TPOR the welfare, growth, standards, spirit of Minnesota you are largely responsible. Faculties may adopt rules for coy,rses and grades, but they cannot create by edict the elusive things called intelligence, integrity, honor, loyalty, ideals. These are the products of group life and leadership. The imagination, courage, devotion of the few become in a measure the possession of all. Teachers raise questions, define issues, offer suggestions, set personal ex- amples, but in the end student leadership formulates the public opinion which is embodied in traditions, values, and community character. Steady progress has been made in deepening the sense of student responsibility. You have set up agencies of self-government; you have protected the good name of the University from the stigma of rowdyism; you have approved businesslike, honest methods in stu- dent finances; you have laid the foundations of an honor system in scholarship tests; you have supported an unwavering policy of good faith in intercollegiate agreements, and of self-respecting sportmanship ; you have responded generously to appeals in behalf of idealistic causes; you have welcomed warmly men and women who, from the world of thought and action, have brought you stirring messages of social sympathy and spiritual faith. Many of you have expressed these qualities in service for your comrades on the campus, and for your felloivs in the community outside. Many problems will continue to challenge your taste, your sense of justice, your courage, your seriousness of purpose. You will find a way of putting social gayety into the background, of lessening the evils of petty group rivalry, of exalting qualities of mind and character over mere externalities of dress and manner. The men of Minnesota will more consciously protect their women comrades against the tawdry headline, the cheap jest, and the flippant epithet. The women in turn will increasingly deem it their duty to stand for the simplicity, sincerity, and frank fellowship which are the essence of the good taste that merges into principle. More and more you men and women will together work for a kind of college life that will inspire its members to keener intelli- gence, more sympathetic comradeship, a more vivid sense of social duty, a nobler spiritual earnestness. As I leave the University I offer you my congratulations and wish you all success in this great adventure — the unending task of passing on from one college generation to another an ever richer tradition of knowledge, taste, and idealism. GEORGE E. VINCENT. THE ftOPHER ON BEHALF OF THE STUDENTS SIX years ago George Edgar Vincent assumed the presidency of the University of Minnesota. How ably and efficiently he has discharged that trust, and how thoroughly and completely he has fulfilled the early promises of his admin- istration none, perhaps, is more competent to judge than are we, who have felt the magnetism of his personality and the inspiration of his leadership. Today, President Vincent is bringing his administration to a close, and in this hour of parting we, the undergraduates, desire to express our appreciation of the lasting services which he has rendered us. In a larger sense, however, we cannot show our full appreciation of those services by mere words. In our deeds, rather, must lie the proofs of our sincerity. For if we so mould our lives that we may take our places in the world as the embodiment of his teachings and ideals — " men and women who shall first of all be high-minded citizens with a loyal sense of the state, who shall exemplify the scientific spirit, bear themselves gallantly in life ' s struggles, show themselves possessed of satisfying mental resources, and prove faithful to the highest standards " — we may thereby perpetuate the work which he has inaugurated. It may be that in the restricted scope of college life we sometimes lose that broader outlook, that keener discernment and perspective which sees beyond the confines of the college community. Yet we could not but have seen and appreciated the growth and development which has taken place at Minnesota under President Vincent ' s broadening influence. He has given it imagination. He has banished its narrowness and provincialism. He has laid broad foundations for the Minne- sota of tomorrow. Under him the University has become, not a mere soulless machine for turning out its annual grist of graduates, but a conscious entity, endowed with a distinct personality. He has attracted to our faculty men of national standing and recognized ability, and he has not only made our University a vital factor in the life of the state, but has brought it into national prominence. In his inaugural address President Vincent said, " In an ideal university, students should be treated not as subjects, but as citizens of the republic of letters and science, to emphasize their share in the community life; to fix upon them responsibility, and to afford that training in corporate self-control — the selection of leaders, the creation of standards, the conformity to these — which is the very essence of democracy. " Again has President Vincent made good his early promises. Through his kindly beneficence the students have come to enjoy more real self- government than has ever before existed upon our campus. Although not of the students, he has been with us and behind us, always ready to lend his influence to any undertaking which had our ultimate good for its object, and always alert to guard and protect our interests. A promise made; a promise fulfilled — this is what President Vincent ' s regime has meant to us; and on our part we can assure him of our firm determination to carry forward the work he has inaugurated, to open up the broad vistas he has shown, and to live up to that spirit of service which he has here exemplified. The All-University Council For the Student Body. THE GOPHER On Behalf of the Alumni C ' Z years ago the Alumni gladly ivelcomed George E. Vincent to the presidency of the University of Minnesota. We have watched with interest and approval what he has done to make the University of greater service to the state; we have admired his ability and the zeal with which he has worked for Minnesota and his readiness to respond to every call. We are proud of the fact that during his administration Minnesota has taken so prominent a part in the educational counsels of the nation. We have realized for some time that his growing prominence as a national figure might, sooner or later, take him to other fields; ive are glad, thai since such a call has come, he is to take up a work of such far-reaching importance, a work which will afford full opportunity for the exercise of his unusual abilities, and ive wish for him the greatest possible success in the task to which he is called. E. B. JOHNSON. THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C MARIO N LEROY BURTON, ll fARCH 8th, our new president visited us for the first time since his election by the regents. The Armory was packed to the very doors with students and friends eager to greet Dr. Burton. As Dr. Burton finished his stirring address, the great audience broke forth in thunderous applause. We were impressed by our new president. We felt that he would make a worthy successor to the splendid men who had preceded him. Dr. Burton is a Minnesota man and we rejoice in the fact that the University and its new president will have many things in common. Under his guidance the University of Minnesota should continue the steady advance it has made during the ad ministration of Dr. Vincent. THE GOPHER The University of Minnesota THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA in 1918 completes the first half century of its existence. The history of those years is full of interesting and fascinating events. Today it is easy for us to forget the time when the future of the University seemed doubtful, when its rapidly accumulating debts threatened its very existence, and when it did not command the entire respect and confidence of the people of the state. Out of that period of depression and struggle there has emerged the great institution which we know. In physical equipment, in material resources, in the size of its faculties, in the number of its alumni, and in the multitudes of students who seek its privileges it stands out among the great universities of the land. It is fitting for us to recognize fully the meaning of such facts. These results have been accomplished within the lifetime of many persons still living among us. From the point of view of the his- torian, this university is just beginning its age-long career. The most outstanding consideration which thrusts itself upon us as we approach our Golden Jubilee is the splendid promise of the future. To me this is the greatest single fact which confronts us. It is not a figment of the imagination, but a stern, undeniable reality. The undeveloped resources and the marvelous potentialities of the University of Minnesota must thrill every person who is responsible for the conduct of its affairs or is in any way connected with it. Our duty, then, is plain. We must make the future worthy of the past. The half-century just ahead must accomplish great things if it is to justify itself and to pass on to the centuries to come a university of the Northwest in which it occupies such a strategic position. Today perhaps as never before we realize that a university is judged not so much by its spacious campus and its expensive build- ings, nor even by the members of its faculties and its administrative staff, as it is by its students and their response to the obligations ivhich inevitably devolve upon any one who ventures to lay claim to the privileges which the state offers in its university. If the Golden Jubilee speaks any message to the students of the University of Minnesota, it seems to me that it might be expressed as follows: These fifty years have produced an institution and have given to us opportunities which we could never have provided for ourselves. We in turn must render the same service to those who are to follow us. We must do our part in helping our university fully to realize its rich possibilities. We must never forget that by us and our work the university is judged. It exists for us. If we fail, it fails. — we achieve success, its future is assured. In a large measure, the university is just what we, as students, purpose to make it. M. L. BURTON. D ■ « ■ ■ THE, GOPHER THE BOARD OF REGENTS The Hon. Fred B. Snyder Minneapolis President of the Board. Dr. George Edgar Vincent Minneapolis The President of the University. The Hon. J. A. A. Burnquist St. Paul The Governor of the State. The Hon. C. G. Schultz St. Paul The Superintendent of Education. The Hon. Pierce Butler St. Paul The Hon. W. J. Mayo Rochester The Hon. Milton M. Wilson Little Falls The Hon. John G. Williams Duluth The Hon. George H. Partridge Minneapolis The Hon. A. E. Rice Willmar The Hon. Charles L. Sommers . . . . . .St. Paul The Hon. C. W. Glotfelter Waterville P ■ - . 1 1 i ■ I THE GOPHER CULTURE TRANSFIGURED IT is interesting, in view of the modern trend of cultural education, to picture what the ancient classicists would be doing, were they living with us in the twentieth century. Culture in these days is vastly different, though no whit less complete, from that which once permeated Attica and the Seven Hills of Rome. We can see grave Plato, his mackintosh wound closely about him, holding forth on the campus knoll with his eloquent discourses. Pin- dar, seated on the topmost tier at Northrop Field, com- posing his celebrated stanzas in commemoration of our 1916 victories in the games; Aeschylus, toiling away in the seminar on his play, to be presented in the Little Theater on Engineers ' Day; Demosthenes, the sweat stand- ing out upon his forehead, rehearsing his speech for the Pillsbury Contest: " The Immigration Problem " ; sober Diogenes, lantern in hand, patrolling the campus in search of the man who proposed the honor system — all, all seem as real to us now as though they were actually among us. Culture has not changed; only the subject- matter has done so. Where once men stood transfixed with the beauty of Hermes of Praxiteles, they now view with emotion the delicate grace and symphonic structure of the ledger page. We picture the future translators of our Homers interpreting the literature in some such way as this: " Jones ' portrayal of the business-ledger of the 20th century is a model of beauty and refinement. The gloomy mistiness of the Debit side permeates and softens the brilliant lustre of the Credit balance. The sentences are full of figures, rich and fanciful, " etc., etc. Or, again, a peep into the porticos of Art show us Millet and Corot busily engaged upon a huge painted banner for use in the advertising campaign of The Minnesota Culture Weekly, while Giotto and Phidias draw preliminary plans for a model gymnasium and business department. The whole field of culture, in the broadest sense of the term, is represented in the Minnesota of today. The latest addition to our department of Science, Literature, and the Arts is the recently organized School of Business, which grants the degree of Captain of Industry. Painters are instructed in the technique of advertisement-illustrating; sculptors receive all the rules of science pertaining to the dressing of display win- dows; embryo philosophers are prepared for the work of determining the economic D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ACADEMIC FACULTY solution of man ' s difficulties. And so, in the years to come, men from Minnesota will go forth over the state extolling the supremacy of our newest, highest form of culture, surpassing that of Greek and Roman alike: the art that enables man to grasp at a glance the significance of trial-balances, and to forecast the psy- chological reaction of his competitors. ■ ■ ■ 1 t l-s r m S MKV ' fw 11 • 1 • f t 4; - r FRESHMEN D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ B GILLESPIE ACADEMIC 1917 James Boyle President Florence Brande . . Vice-president V ' LoRA Welch . . . Secretary Paul Gillespie .... Treasurer 1918 Fredo a. Ossanna Gertrude Freeman . Mary K. Shepardson P. Emmeritz Norman President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer SHKPARUSON ■ ■ ■ ■ THD GOPHER DAUGHEKTY LONGFELLOW 1919 Gordon Bates LuciLE Daugherty . Helen Longfellow . Coleman Hauge . 1920 Robert Sherman . . Grace Shannon Gertrude Hauser . . Herman Goldstein . President Vice-president Secretary . Treasurer . President Vice-president . Secretary Treasurer SHERMAN GOLDSTEIN !!■■■■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ GOVERNOR PILLSBURY " T F this legislature will give me some kind of an assurance that that State University X and these lands shall forever remain one grand, undivided institution, so that I can go down to my final rest with a feeling of security in this respect, I will donate the $150,000 necessary for the completion of the Hall of Science. " — John S. Pillshury. " Who says the University is not going to boom! Did you stop to think what that means? It means the completion of Pillshury Hall; it means the erection of a library building; it means a new observatory; and last but not least, it means better accommodations and a new library for the Law School. To those who have imbibed more COj than Blackstone, more malaria than Moliere, more sewer gas than trigonometrical functions, this means better health, better recitations, better work in every way and more of it. To those who for years have worked for building up the University, struggling with financial embarrassments and often wi th the most bitter opposition — who saw their fondest hopes, almost realized, shattered by the impoverished condition of the State Treasury, to them it means a complete and permanent success. " Who has wrought this magic? " It is due to the unselfish act of the one great-hearted man — John S. Pillsbury, the friend and protector of the University. " — Ariel, April 27th, 1889. This editorial by the student editors of the university publication sums up better than we could at this time the true sentiment of every loyal Minnesotan to the " father of the University. " To Governor Pillsbury, Minnesota owes a great debt of gratitude. In 1900 Pillsbury Statue was unveiled. ■ ■ ■ C U kf4 A-it . ' ■ liliilllimliiiiiiililminnint., AGR.ICVLTVRE THL GOPHE,R THE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE IN the early summer of 1891 two rough clothed, heavy booted, strong armed but ambitious young men were frequently seen stretching a surveyor ' s tape over the boundaries of University Farm. They were the long and the short of it in the Agricultural College. Their names were T. A. Hoverstad, " the long of it, " and John LeVesconte, " the short of it. " They were taking a course in agriculture under Professor W. M. Hays and had been as- signed to the task of platting University Farm as a part of their laboratory work. There were three others enrolled in the college at the time. These students marked the rejuvenation of the College of Agri- culture, which had been in a more or less comatose condi- tion since 1882 and 1883 when the College had outdone itself in giving popular lectures upon subjects related to agriculture and home economics to 1,118 men and women. Tradition has it that five students were enrolled in the College of Agriculture prior to 1886. Of these William Johnson Barrett has the distinction of being the first graduate in agriculture, receiving his diploma in 1882, just twenty years after the passage of the Land Grant Act making possible the establishment of the College of Agriculture. The records of the Board of Regents show that another graduate of the College of Agriculture was added to the list in 1885 and still another in 1887. No others were graduated in agriculture until 1894. Campus gossip has it that most of the students enrolled in agriculture these early days were ridiculed out of finishing the course before reaching the Senior year and further that those who stayed were hired by administrative authority to remain in the course. It is more likely, however, that the students coming from the farm to study agricultura l science in those days were not overburdened with wealth and that they secured employment to relieve the financial stress, thus giving ground for the statement that they were hired to go to college. Whether this is more than tradition does not matter. The fact is that students in agriculture were scarce in the early days and that not until some time after the establishment of the School of Agriculture did agricultural science gain a standing among the farmers sufficient to induce them to patronize the College of Agriculture. Mr. W. E. Field, who was superintendent of University Farm in 1871, Dalston P. Strange, professor of the Theory and Practice of Agriculture in 1872, and Pro- fessor Charles Y. Lacy, who was professor of Agriculture in 1874 to 1880, seemed D ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ L to have influenced but slightly or developed to any extent the sentiment for agri- cultural education. At least no demand for agricultural education seems to have been created prior to 1880. Professor Edward D. Porter, who with prophetic vision moved the University Farm from the sand banks and peat bogs of Southeast Minneapolis to the present splendid location where the School of Agriculture was opened in 1888, laid the foundation upon which has since been built our splendidly conceived Agricultural Department. P ' rom a one-room, one-man institution on the main campus there sprang an institution in this new location which is still expanding. Professor Porter gathered around him the most practical trained scientists avail- able and established an " out of door " school. Among these were Professor S. B. Green, from the Massachusetts agricultural college. Professor W. M. Hays, from the Iowa agricultural college, and Dr. Otto Luger from Johns Hopkins University and Germany. At the head of the School of Agriculture was placed those inspiring men, Professor W. W. Pendergast, as principal, and Professor H. W. Brewster as assistant principal, who were enthusiastic advocates of agricultural education. Un- der the guidance and inspiration of these men a few students in 1891 who had completed the two year school course in practical agriculture, decided to com- plete the four year course in the College of Agriculture. Other graduates from the School of Agriculture followed gradually but steadily until the college con- tingent became a potent factor in the Department of Agriculture. Until within the last ten years most of the students in the College of Agriculture " worked their way through. " The experimental plots, the livestock, and the lab- oratories offered the opportunities and the professors in charge of the various lines of specialization the inspiration. Such men as T. A. Hoverstad, now agricul- tural commissioner of the Soo Line; C. L. Scofield, now in the National Department of Agriculture; A. J. Glover, editor of Hoard ' s Dairyman; C. P. Bull, R. S. Mack- intosh, and LeRoy Cady, of the Agricultural Department, and many others, were glad to earn their college expenses at the rate of twelve cents per hour as Freshmen or at fifteen cents per hour when, as accomplished Seniors, they were allowed to undertake some of the complicated and important experimental work. Those, how- ever, were days of close associations between students and instructors and personal contact between them was a great incentive to the former. Equipment for college work was modest, but it is men, not equipment, that inspire students, and the training was in no wise neglected. There are those perhaps who mourn for the days that are gone and who would return to the time of few students and close contact with investigational and instruc- tional work. But these would mourn also for the days of the oxcart, the self-rake, reaper, and the old dash churn. The demands for the present are greater than they were twenty-five years ago and the College of Agriculture must adjust itself to the present needs. That it is doing this must be admitted if the comparative attendance " then " and " now " is to be taken as evidence of growth. But growth has been experienced in other ways than attendance. Buildings have been added, equipment provided and instructors employed in many branches unthought of in the early days. Standards, too, have been raised and the College enjoys an acquaintance and standing of high rank among other colleges of agriculture. And, best of all, the students in the Agricultural College have gained the respect of students in other colleges and now take pride in their chosen course. They need no longer " be hired to take the course. ' :3 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C GUSTAFSON AGRICULTURE 1917 Robert Smith .... President Albertha Gustafson . Vice-president Irene Tews Secretary RoscoE Tanner .... Treasurer 1918 Raymond E. Arp . Clara Ladner . Marie D. Morrison . Fred Idtse . . . . President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer idtse; ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHE R THOMPSON 1919 Charles Phelps . Helen Lathrop . . Walter Melby . Earle Thompson 1920 . President Danforth Field .... President Vice-president Mary Cullen . . . Vice-president . Secretary Henry Putnam Secretary Treasurer George Dietrich . . . Treasurer CULLEN FRESHMEN :]■■■■[: THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ JUNIORS SOPHOMORES •r -■ : ! U-43 3LI? mr • ■;u:i.itMM«»o »; ,, ' i ' : n ■ THE. GOPHER V_ THE DEPARTMENT OF ARCHITECTURE " HE Department of Architecture has progressed steadily in equipment, or- ganization, instruction and in general esprit-de-corps. The beginning of the cur- rent year was marked by the appearance, wholly through student enterprise and industry, of the first number of the Archi- tectural Year Book, which compared favorably both in quality of work illus- trated and in general makeup with similar publications of some of the better known and long established schools. The most important event of the year for the department was the meeting in Minneapolis of the American Institute of Architects, which brought to the city many of the leading architects and educators. In connection with this convention an exhibition was assembled of student work from all of the architectural schools accredited by the Institute, comprising all of the best schools of the country. The exhibition was hung at the University and the work of Minnesota students was added to it. The rare opportunity was thus afforded our students not only to study the work of the best schools, but to compare their own with it — a comparison in which Minnesota had every reason to be gratified. A meeting of the Association of Collegiate Schools of Architecture was held concurrently with the Institute convention, and at this meeting Minnesota was accepted for membership by virtue of being able to satisfy all of the stipulations and standards of the Association as to equipment, teaching organization and method, and quality of student work. On the strength of election to membership in this association and the favorable impressions of the department gained by the Committee on Education of the Institute at the time of the convention, Minnesota was also placed upon the list of architectural schools accredited by the Institute. This honor carries with it a degree of prestige for the school and certain professional privileges for its students and graduates. Minnesota is therefore now officially grouped among the thirteen full-fledged and accepted schools of architecture of the country. We have every reason to believe that the record thus begun will be sustained and improved upon and that the Minnesota graduate in architecture may go forth with assurance that he has received a training of real excellence and substantial worth. 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C THt GOPHE R I I o O 0) o I I o o 7, fhiJ dearcfs M fch e D. ?hoyr e .V h Louis Peck-W F Oecke ' - M- i o . - nsf-i u . -y-c W. P, ke ' r. r F-ny , 7nH h ' enr: , - " Ph,js, : , lA .y Cisrr, nsf. Geohgy I WRMnnr, fi-of:3orr KW.HibiiCrt. i FMBoss, C E.P. ' Marti n s. s.CuH r, f fMcM, ar,, C. P sbu PC " ont ' s. Efecf . C F . ' iZ-nnq f. ' pnh ri, r Fxo r: a ker_ •, Mech . , Ci ' r . F ■ ■ Phus. one s:,. ctu r-e W.M Koyc r rrac ff , A es gnec 7non-n O O I Sfephe ■ PecUhom, •, U.tVac Si o, ■feac of P McA f, one ' A o h.- ' " ' ' ' Ai, ' -Maynes Retiree . ° ' ■ ■ nr c Pf- ij. i ' i-f: Geo ogi John F. ' sfe ' -«£ ' r fAe " o Ze s rfhf Cii ' 7. Dt ' crw ngf. FP » anauffhj F ' .S. Uoneh, Droiv r q ' on, Dron Force , C v 0c y-SAops. . ' rJtn . . ' nhn l n y, Ppj i ' ijno, F " ei er, C ' y ' £. SrooAe, AT-rENDiA, ce COLi-FGE OF ENG NEi-RI s G - ft lb , Chem. ' or-tc-T r Phc -S ' CS. Inivnpy, A -fn ,. 1 §Q- U Ze eny. Leoverti P ys. Orfh, 1sfron. yne li r, -,.- F 1 .. ' Springer, . z ec± 3.. Pr-es Von nop lc - ng - eoc . m- Ex per - L ' 5mi ,Ke3, Pr p C V ' oo ' pi R signec . ■ ?ctr ca L . AJein ' A rk, T Ryan, Eli V ones. Res, -)er an A CKi ' , Emer, Crpns x7nf, R s neo ' ttfonr, I Deon S ) 2ne ton ynec . Pe . m- -mi- -im m e oc z rc i. % ' ji- ' m- D ■ ■ ■ THt GOPHER KING ELL1 GSE KIEDESEL KREI.NKAMP ARCHITECTURE 1917 H.M.King . . . . W. E. Ellingsen . George M. Riedesel H. L. Kreinkamp . . President Vice-president Secretary . Treasurer 1918 Arnold Raugland . George Eraser . . Seeman Kaplan . Enock E. Forsberg . President Vice-president Secretary . Treasurer RAUGLAND THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C REISHUS MELANDER 1919 Edgar W. Buenger . Yale D. Hills . Ben Reishus . Reinhold Melander . President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer 1920 Howard Davidson . Veryl Cunningham . Bernice Duxbury . . J. Harry McKay . . President Vice-president . Secretary . Treasurer CUNNINGHAM H ■ ■. ■ ■ c THE, GOPHE.R ■ ■ ■ OiNE PRIDE OF THE ARCHITECTS A FEW MORE =;■■■■ 3 ■ ■ ■ 13 ■ ■ ■ the: gopher v_ THE GOLDEN JUBILEE HISTORY OF CHEMISTRY By Dean Geo. B. Frankforter. T would be proper in a review of this kind for the Golden Jubilee Gopher to give a complete history of chemistry in the University. This, however, would practically mean a complete history of the University, for chemistry was one of the very first departments to be organized. But, as there is nothing left in the way of chemical landmarks and associations during the first twenty-one years which would be of special interest to the readers of the Gopher, I shall confine this brief review to the history of chemistry since that time. Twenty-nine years ago chemistry moved into the new building then known as " Science Hall, " but now as the Minnesota Union. Chemistry occupied one-half of the building; physics and electrical engineering the other half. The west end was devoted to chemistry. The top or third floor was given over to the main lecture room which occupied about one-third of the present bowling alley. The other important room on this floor was the general laboratory which occupied about one-quarter of the newly finished reception hall. This laboratory furnished accommodations for general chemistry and qualitative analysis in the whole Univer- sity except medicine. There were forty desks or barely sufficient room to accom- modate, at present, the students of one of our smallest technical schools. In 1892, this laboratory was amply large enough to accommodate all the students in the whole University. Then followed the phenomenal growth in the number of students in the whole University and especially in chemistry. Three years later the attempt to crowd the students in general chemistry and qualitative analysis into the lecture room and laboratory was something like trying to crowd a number ten foot into a number six shoe. The lecture room was small and constantly crowded. Students, with infinite patience, stood through the hour in the side aisles or sat on the floor in the middle aisle or sat out in the hall and listened to .the lectures through the open doors. Laboratory conditions were even worse. To slightly relieve the pressure, a cloak room was converted into a laboratory as was the museum room which was made available by moving the museum cases out into the halls. In making these changes, every available foot of space was utilized. The relief THE GOPHE.R rendered by these improvised laboratories, however, was only temporary, for in two years these additional rooms were crowded beyond all possible limits with no way of relieving the pressure. The same crowded condition existed on the second floor. The quantitative laboratory, the important one on this floor, occupied about one-third of the present reception room. There were only thirty-two desks with absolutely no means of expansion. The first floor (basement) was divided into seven small rooms, the largest of which was devoted to organic chemistry. This room was large enough to accom- modate a maximum of ten students. This statement is of special interest in view of the fact that over two hundred and fifty students worked in organic chemistry this year. One decade after the building was completed the above conditions existed, notwithstanding the fact that at the time of its construction, it was thought large enough to meet the needs of chemistry for many years to come. Something had to be done. Chemistry was therefore given the whole building, while physics moved into temporary quarters in the armory and electrical engineering into its present inadequate quarters. The building was remodelled practically as it stands today. The Little Theatre was the main lecture room, the dining room the general laboratory, the large reading room the qualitative laboratory, the new reception room the quantitative laboratory, and the smaller rooms the technical laboratories. While the taking over and the remodelling of the whole building increased the laboratory ca pacity several times, in less than a decade conditions were even worse than they were before it was changed. Both the general and the qualitative laboratories became notorious for the crowded, unhealthy conditions under which the students were compelled to do their work. It is fortunate for the present restaurant management that the general laboratory (the present dining room) cannot speak, for if it could, every brick in the walls could tell a tale of chemical combinations, concoctions and smells of such nature as to make even a hungry student change his mind and go on a hunger strike. Again the lifeline of chemistry changed, this time indicating that Science Hall was not suitable and could not be made suitable for a chemical laboratory and that it had already outlived its usefulness as such. Plans for the new School of Chemistry were begun on a grand scale, plans which when completed will embrace four large buildings of which the present one was to be the center. Little need be said of the new building, suffice it to say that when completed it will accom- modate at least two thousand students in general chemistry and qualitative analysis. It is unnecessary to mention the condition under which the students work today in comparison with conditions in the old building; suffice it to say that when the building is completed and the ventilation equipment all installed, students will work in the various laboratories with as much comfort as if they were at home in their own kitchens. What such conditions mean can of course only be appreciated by those who have worked in poorly constructed laboratories. Students and faculty should give thanks for what has been accomplished in the past Jubilee period, and hope that the next one will have as much in store for the future as this one has had for the present. THE. GOPHE.R ■■■[== liUHM.NGHAM CHEMISTRY 1917 Foster A. Burningham E. Gideon Widell . Laurence R. Eckman . 1919 . President C. C. Ruchhoft Vice-president A. C. Beckel . . Sec ' y-Treas. R. M. Winslow . Frank J. Heck President Vice-president . Secretary . Treasurer 1918 Christ Neilson Thorfin Hogness Earl B. Fischer H. J. Kessel . . . President 1920 Vice-president Gordon MacRae .... President Secretary Arthur Horstkotte . . Vice-president . Treasurer Fred McCrea . . Secretary-Treasurer D ■ ■ ■ ■ C D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ B C 5 I fi 1 t THE FACULTY OK THE CHEMISTRY SCHOOL TOGETHER WITH A NUMBER OF THE UPPER CLASS MEN THE CHEMISTS OF 1919 THE GAS BOMB MAKERS OF 1920 ! 1 • «s« . D ENTISTIOr ■ ' ' f .mKuSai THE GOPHER . V_ COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY By Dr. Harold J. Leonard. ' HEN the short life of modern den- tistry is considered, and the type of men that until recently have made up the profession, our College of Dentistry at the University of Minnesota is a very re- markable institution. To lift a profession bodily from one stratum of society to a higher stratum in a score of years is a feat worthy of note. And such has been the work in this state of our dental college, and especially of its Dean. When the Col lege was started in 1888, there were but few dental colleges, and most dentists gained their training by being apprenticed to men in practice. Many very able men were developed in this way, but on the whole the members of the profession were a pretty rough lot of men. As the training in the colleges grew from a scientific stand- point, the type improved, but even as late as five or ten years ago the spirit of the mass of students was a trade spirit, and not that of a profession. About the time the College was moved into the present building, a great, though gradual, change came over the students. The new building was arranged so that even the most crowded laboratories were bright and clean, and neatness became the order of the day. It was truly remarkable to see the change which the sur- roundings made on the dress and appearance of th e students. By this time the present Dean had been in office for several years, and his much scoffed at preaching of idealism in life, conduct, and work, was beginning to take effect. When a suffi- ciently large number of the dentists outside the School began to recognize the value of this teaching and to defend it, the attitude of the students changed from scoffing to co-operation. The constant influx each year of new graduates, with increasingly high ideals, has been and is changing the complexion of the profession very rapidly indeed. This ethical advance is more marked in this college and among the dentists in the district supplied by this college than in any other college or professional district in the United States. It is a result of the unswerving devotion of Dean Owre and his untiring efforts in this direction. The College at present is ranked at the head of American Dental Coll eges, not so much because of equipment, although that is good, nor because of scientific instruction, although in that unexcelled, but because of the type of men teaching 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER and studying in the college, and the high ideals that pervade the whole. Dentistry in both college and state is rapidly becoming a profession not merely in name, but in spirit. There are at present four classes in the College, each class averaging about ninety students. There is a considerable lack of space to accommodate all these men in the present building, but the faculty feels that it is far better to be somewhat in- convenienced by cramped quarters and to have sufficient high grade teachers than to sacrifice men for equipment. There has therefore been almost no effort made to obtain a new building. Each department in the College • is striving to bring itself up to the highest level, and there is some rivalry of a friendly sort between them. The science and technic of modern dentistry is going forward by such leaps and bounds that it is by no means easy for any department to gain or maintain a lead. The pressure of all these departments, each striving to give the students the most thorough instruc- tion in its field of work, has fallen somewhat severely upon the students, and grumblings are occasionally heard. On the whole, however, the students realize the effort that is expended for them, and they put forth every effort to avail them- selves of the opportunities. Shirking and dodging of difficult work, so prevalent in some of the colleges, are uncommon here. The boys are very much in earnest, and the spirit of the school makes laziness and slipshod work or thinking seem foreign. Under the present leadership, the College of Dentistry is becoming not merely a school for technical training, but an educational institution. The manner of teaching the subject matter, with the addition of subject matter of purely cultural and intel- lectual value, and the choice of men for qualities making them good teachers as well as good technicians, is gradually bringing a change. It is the aim of the faculty, almost realized, that the course in the College of Dentistry in the University of Minnesota should have as great an educational value from a scientific, cultural, or ethical standpoint as any course given in the University. THL GOPHER McKENZIE DENTISTRY 1917 Ray H. Pfeiffer . . . President MoRELL D. McKenzie . Vice-president Beatrice Danz . . Secretary-Treasurer 1918 Sigfred Williams James A. McGinn Herbert Johnson President Vice-president Secretary -Treasurer JOH.NSO.N THE GOPHER 1919 Reginald R. Reed Roman P. Kline Fred Davidson . Timothy Daly . President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer 1920 Harry O. Larson Leonard Downing Myrtle Johnson A. G. Patterson President Vice-president . Secretary . Treasurer FRESHMEN J ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE R SOPHOMORES t ■ ' W !k III " illV ' x ' vV Jf u = ?np?2 se " i ;. EDVCATION. ip- - ' ™.- . «_ E ;.. ;»;j j. ' i-teftiwBw; . i(»i ■ ■ THE GOPHER COLLEGE OF EDUCATION FN 1891 Dr. D. L. Kiehle was made lecturer in education at the University of Minnesota. Dr. Kiehle had been state superintendent of education and had gained a national reputation in that position. His appointment was a recognition of the need for professional training on the part of high school teachers. Later he was made professor of education and held this position for nine years. The State of Minnesota owes much to the wisdom which Dr. Kiehle manifested in his varied activities. Dr. George F. James succeeded Dr. Kiehle in 1902. In 1905 the legis- lature established the College of Education, and Dr. James became its first dean. His administration was a period of pioneering. Colleges of education were being established in all the important institutions of higher education and courses of education were being slowly worked out, but there was much opposition and little crystallization of sentiment as to the definite sphere of action of such colleges. In 1915 Dr. James was succeeded by Dr. L. D. Coffman as dean. The first class to be graduated was the class of 1907 — four in number. This year, 1916-1917, there are 25 graduate students, 33 seniors, 38 juniors, and 87 unclassed — a total of 183. From the possession of room for two desks in the alcove for periodicals in the library it has become the owner of a building. Its one instructor is replaced by a dean, three professors, one assistant professor, three instructors, and several graduate student assistants. In the beginning there was no laboratory school in connection. At present a flourishing high school of 125 students, a principal, seven paid instructors, and two assistant instructors, provide an oppor- tunity for 100 seniors to do practice teaching. It began with one course entitled History of Education, and now offers about twenty-five courses in the various field s related to the preparation of high school teachers, principals, and superintendents of schools. Its graduates hold important positions in the educational systems of this and other states. Its growth and development have been coincident with the enlarging estimate of the value of professional training for high school teachers, principals, and superintendents, and the additional functions ascribed to education. Being the latest claimant for the suffrage of those who are patrons of higher education, it has had to meet the questionings of those who were not familiar with its purposes, but tendencies in educational theory and practice seem to favor its rapid development. ■ ■ ■ the: gophe,r ■ ■ b l EDUCATION 1917 Louis Pluto . Myrtle McBroom Frances Kelley Arthur Grawert . President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer 1918 Marguerite Ober . . . President A. Fay Wood . . . Vice-president Ruth O ' Brien . . Secretary-Treasurer OBER THL GOPHER I THE PURPOSE OF THE EDUCATION COLLEGE THE College of Education was authorized by special enactment of the Legislature of Minnesota in 1905 and was established by the regents of the University in the following year. It has the following purposes: 1. To offer opportunity for the study of education as an important enterprise of society and as of peculiar interest to all persons whether they are preparing for teaching or not. 2. To offer inexperienced university students who intend to become teachers the technical training for their vocation. 3. To offer to experienced teachers or those actively engaged in service, oppor- tunity for advanced professional study under direction. 4. To offer to university students, and to all teachers of suitable attainment, appropriate training designed to prepare them for successful careers as public school administrators, normal school teachers, or college teachers of education. 5. To offer opportunity for original investigation, research, and experiments in education and for the preparation of constructive contributions to educational theory and practice. JUNIORS I THE GOPHER ! Z THE CRISIS OF 1880 AWAY back in the early days at Minnesota it was the custom for the Board of Regents to hire the members of the faculty much as the directors of " the red school house on the hill " do now. The professors were hired for one year only and the contract had to be renewed every year. Because of the tact of President Folwell this practice had been discontinued for several years when the " crisis of 1880 " came to the front. Some of the regents had the feeling that the faculty at Minnesota was not all that it should be. It was decided that the old method of electing the faculty for a year should be resumed. Two days were spent by the regents in balloting on the men then in the faculty. Only five of the faculty of eleven survived. This was in June, 1880. School was to reopen in September. Six new teachers had to be selected in that time. The school was poor. The summary action of the regents had not given the University a good name in the East. Dr. Folwell and Regent Tousley set out upon the task, however, and their success was remarkable. Among the teachers whom they secured were Maria Sanford, John F. Downey, William A. Pike, Charles Benton. In spite of the seem- ing embarrassment of the situation early in the summer, because of the action of the regents, the selection of such new members as Maria Sanford and Dean Downey must be considered as a blessing to the University. THE, GOPHER w ■ ■ Mrs. Pierce, The " Assistant Dean " of The Graduate School. LI D ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 72 . in M ' Vrt4-i-.CTCT tiirtiiM ' ...,..T,wwjTt.sijii .i|iit ,mTWTWwTtt T ENGINE ER-ING THt GOPHER THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING THE College of Engineering and Archi- tecture is the lineal descendant of the College of Mechanic Arts of fifty years ago. During this period the task of the engineer has been one of ever increasing responsibility in a continually expanding field. The College has never lost sight of the fact that its students are getting a general education and a profession. The aim of the instruction has from the a broad and solid foundation in the funda- mental subjects, so that with practice in the field, shop, lab- oratory and drawing room its students are fitted for im- mediate usefulness upon graduation. As members of an exacting profession in which industry and character count for as much as technical training, its alumni have made an enviable record; a record of true and unselfish service to mankind. The history of the progress and development of the College may be divided into three periods, corresponding to the administrations of the " Three Presidents " of the University. In July 1871 the Board of Regents adopted a plan of organization. This plan included the establishment of a College of Mechanic Arts with three regular courses of instruction: Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Architecture. Under President Folwell the first faculty was formed, and the College was " elevated to equal rank and standing with other University courses. " The first faculty was composed of President Folwell and five professors including one engineer. A room on the second floor of the " Old Main " was provided for the use of classes in Descriptive Geometry, Engineering and Architecture. The apparatus consisted of a transit, a level, a " good compass, " chains and tape measures and a full set of drawing instruments for the Department of Civil Engineering. A beginning was made in fitting up a shop for the Mechanical Engineers; " The University possesses a lathe " is announced in the first catalog. Five years later, in 1880, the Mechanical Engineering equipment includes a forge and anvil, a steam engine indicator, models and collections of drawings; the civil engineers have another transit and another level. In 1883 the first testing machine 74 ■ ■ THE GOPHER was obtained and placed in a basement room in the Old Main; the workshops were temporarily provided for in three rooms in the Building of the Agricultural College. The legislature of 1881 provided for several additional buildings, including a building for the College. Many considerations, including the destruction of the state capitol by fire, so delayed the construction of this building that it was not erected until the summer of 1886. During the winter of 1880-1881 a free evening course in drawing was given for mechanics. Sixty-four men joined this class. The following year in addition to the evening class several special courses were offered which resulted in the establish- ment of the Artisans ' Training School. During this first period, progress was steady; the faculty alert, zealous, high-minded teachers; the students, few but earnest. The work of organization in which President Folwell had the leading part was so constructive that its impress is still in evidence. In 1884 when President Northrop took charge of the College, plans for the new building were well under way. The College of Mechanic Arts Building was occupied during the year 1886-87. The building provided for all the engineering work and recitation rooms, laboratories, apparatus rooms, study and dark rooms for the Department of Physics. The tower, weather vane, and anemometer were one of the sights of the old campus. Reports from the University weather observer were a feature of the daily press. The College now entered upon a period of wonderful growth and achievement. The regular courses absorbed all the time and energy of the staff. The faculty was enlarged, much needed equipment was secured, buildings were erected; all of the departments having outgrown their accommodations. To the legislature of 1905 the President of the Board of Regents reports that " the policy of the management has been to raise the educational standard in this College, as well as others, rather than to increase the number of its students; and the rules to that end have been more rigidly enforced in the last decennium than ever before. " Physics, Mechanical Engineering and Electrical Engineering had secured new buildings; Civil Engineering, Experimental Engineering, Mathematics and Drawing remained in the old building, which had been remodeled and enlarged in the fall of 1904. The enrollment increased from year to year. The Dean reports " Our Class rooms, laboratories and work shops are full. Our instructors are busy throughout the day. " The plant had reached its " peak load, " the administration and faculty planned for a greater college, as a part of a Greater University. This period of rapid physical growth was generously provided for by the people of the state, in the greater campus, the Cass Gilbert plan and liberal appropriations for the College. The College owes much to the earnestness, zeal, sympathy and tact of President Northrop, under whose guidance the College grew in numbers and in prestige. The New Main Building and the Experimental Laboratory mark the transition from the second to the third period. These buildings were occupied in 1912. The College has profited much from the executive efficiency of President Vincent. In the movement to extend the activities of the University from the greater to the state-wide campus, the College has taken an active part, and is grateful to President Vincent for his co-operation and support. Ill ■.■ THB GOPHE-R 1916 Frank H. Irwin . G. Albin Ek Clarence M. Rader . A. Albin Turnquist TURNQUIST ENGINEERING 1917 President Vice-president . Secretary Treasurer Ward E. Becker Benjamin Willis Knox A. Powell Irvin L. Boyum . President Vice-president . Secretary Treasurer Thomas F. Talbot Donald C. Smith 1918 Secretary George W. Miller . . . President Treasurer Chas. A. Siekkinen . . Vice-president SIEKKINEN 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ tl ■ ■ ■ :] ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C TEBERC DAWSON SANDER 1919 HULL Lawrence E. Teberg . President Theodore Sander . Secretary John W. Dawson . Vice-president Maurice B. Hull Aiwimtafei Treasurer SBsaE wichman case Martin T. Wichman Clarence F. Moore . 1920 . President Rudolph H. Ranseen . Secretary Vice-president Gerald F. Case .... Treasurer THE FACULTY ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER POST-SENIOR I JUNIORS ■ ■ ■ I ■ ■ SOPHOMORES H 7 i - ' TS Jqi " n W ' JF ILSLJkL ' ' V JIb »|( | k T r ir - K JIh ■ , J H K - ' IH B ' " tJV I r P ' .jiT mkJ. ' V ' tFl i H I Bn sA; Hn B- J| L ' ' — wL. Mli M VBB n I " rrj] i ZQ I ■I ■i n: ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ I FRESHMEN ■: ■ ' ' M . -J - F O R. E S T R.Y p{l[i |i|ilii|aiiu:.!,;:;,v tit.. J?- lts ' " " «-s ' " •■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ COLLEGE OF FORESTRY ' OME twenty years ago, Prof. S. B. O Green, then head of the Horticultural Department of the Agricultural College, made a trip to Germany and became in- terested in the great contrast between the forests there and our own north woods. He saw the enormous revenues that Ger- many was reaping from her forest land; land too poor for cultivation and similar to millions of acres of our own. He was so impressed with the opportunities which were being wasted in America that upon his return he immediately began to develop some courses in forestry. An occasional student elected the forestry work, but there were not enough students to warrant a complete course till the great forestry boom inaugurated by Gilford Pinchot and President Roosevelt filled the newspapers and magazines and brought the students in droves. At one time there was an entering class of 55. Many of them did not know what forestry was, but they registered. Some of them graduated and entered the govern- ment service. By 1909 a complete course, distinct from the agricultural course, had been established, and the summer camp at Itasca Park was put in operation. It has since developed into the most complete forestry summer station in the country. All this had taken place while the school was still a sub-division of the Horticultural Division of the Agricultural College. In 1910 it was made the College of Forestry with Prof. Green as dean. The course was elaborated, the Itasca Station improved and a forest experiment station established at Cloquet for research work. Since then the course has broadened into three lines of work: the original tech- nical forestry course; a combined technical and business course to prepare men for the lumber business; and a specialization in wood chemistry and wood technology to prepare experts in paper making, wood distillation, and wood preservation. The work is as yet in the pioneer stage, but its future is certain. ■ ■ ■ ■ H ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER THE JUNIOR CORPORATION THE " Junior Corporation " is the Junior class of the College of Forestry organized for and responsible for the management of the summer camp at Lake Itasca. The first corporation was formed in 1909 and known as the " Junior Corporation ' 09, " but was really composed of members of the class of ' 10. The idea was originated by Carl Hamilton and Chas. Lewis, both members of the class of ' 10, and largely developed by them. They drew up an agreement with Prof. Green, then director of the College of Forestry, whereby they took over the management of the camp, and the University furnished the equipment. The first officers were Norman Baker, president; Carl Hamilton, manager; Chas. Lewis, secretary; and Robert Deering, treasurer. The managers since then have been J. V. Hofmann 1910, Arthur Hadgman 1911, Thos. Griffin 1912, Sam Graham 1913, Henry Dennis 1914, Ralph Rhoads 1915, and Carl Forsberg 1916. The corporation has the entire management of the camp in their charge, in- cluding the boarding, the conduct of the camp, and in fact everything except the conducting of the different classes, and even certain things in the conduct of the classes have been considered as coming under the scope of the corporation ' s influence, as is mutely testified to by the tombstone and lonely grave of " the first quizz killed at Itasca. " Each year on the anniversary of the sad affair the grave is freshly decorated with suitable specimens of fomes, polyporus, and other like forms. Crepe is very much in evidence, and deep gloom hangs over the camp. It might be well to note that there is but the single grave. Evidently the quizz was the last of its race. The corporation does not confine its operations entirely to school life, by any means, but seeks to be of aid to the community, especially in a social way. The Fourth of July celebration put on by the boys is the greatest social affair of the season, and the annual minstrel show makes such an impression that the settlers are still talking of it when the time comes for the next one. Among the many other things which command the interest of the boys is the annual sixty-mile hike to the White Earth Indian Reservation at the time of their big annual peace pow wow. The greatest importance of the corporation, however, is its development of character and training for life. The feeling of responsibility makes men of all, and the knack of knowing men acquired by the summer ' s experience is of inestimable value in after life. The boys are told that they are the college and that the college will be judged chiefly by their conduct. They have accepted the responsibility and carried it like men. The success of the corporation, which after eight years of successful operation can no longer be considered an experiment, is proof enough that foresters, at least, are capable of running their own school on their own responsi- bility, and in so doing have conscientiously placed the welfare of the University above their own private interests for the glory of their Alma Mater. THL GOPHER FORESTERS OFFICERS OF THE CORPORATION ■ Sam Robertson Shirley Brayton Herbert Swanson George Hauser President Vice-president Treasurer Steward 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C 83 THE GOPHER A QUIET WALK ON THE AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE CAMPUS r=i ■ ■.■ ■ c ■ ■ ■ ■ 84 t E - m m ' v UI,IJIJIH I IMIIIimt»IIHMH1IHrj»IIIHIIIIlmHIITIITI -, Mi —Q p dvatet ' THE GOPHER THE UNIVERSITY AND THE GRADUATE SCHOOL MODERN university is so complex, it seems to be doing so many things, to be ministering to so many needs, that the observer often finds it difficult to say just what constitutes a university, just what is its function and its real claim to the name of a university. To some it seems sufficient if it takes the products of the high schools into its undergraduate colleges for a four-year course. To others it is a university because it has in its organization a group of professional schools. To others the distinction is simply one of mass and numbers, many buildings, many teachers, many students. It is conceivable that an institu- tion might be and do all these things and not be a university. I recall the words of President Charles Kendall Adams ut- tered at the first university convocation I ever attended : " A university is a place where university work is done. " The prime business of the university as distinguished from any college is the search for truth and the promotion of scholarship. An institution may in common with everything from the grade schools up share in the burden of disbursing past knowledge. When it becomes a contributor to such knowledge it is a university. The graduate school is the concrete part of its organization through which it seeks to exercise this, its highest function. If it fails here, it fails everywhere. The democracy which looks to it for dispassionate and scholarly leadership and for the training of competent specialists to replace the inefficient teachers, medical specialists, civil servants, agricultural directors and public men, is by this failure robbed of that upon which the future of democracy depends, thoroughly trained and disinterested leaders. Interpreted in terms of university policy this does not mean that every student must be a graduate student er every instructor a researcher, but it does mean that the spirit of a living, creative scholar- ship should be the dominant element in the university ' s life, that those who come under the university ' s influence should be in some way touched by this spirit and that those whose teaching and research best exemplify it should be cherished as the vital element of the university ' s life. I B t ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ I] ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER THE GROWTH OF MINNESOTA ' S GRADUATE SCHOOL AT the commencement in 1916, seven Doctor of Philosophy degrees, thirty five Master of Arts degrees, and nineteen Master of Science degrees were conferred. The first semester of this year the Graduate School had a registration of three hundred and seventy-five, as against a total of one hundred and seventy-five for the entire school year of 1915-1916. These figures seem more than startling when we consider the fact that the Graduate School was first organized in 1905. There are today in our Graduate School representatives from every large university in the country. There are students here from points as distant as Petrograd and Bombay. Medicine and the sciences directly connected with Medicine, the various departments of Agriculture, Education, Chemistry, English, History, the Modern Languages, Economics and Political Science were the departments having most of the advanced students. The department of Medicine had more graduate students than any other department because of the wide and favorable attention attracted by the unique plans at Minnesota and the Mayo Foundation for scientific training in medical specialties. As at present organized the Graduate School includes all advanced work offered in the Colleges of Science, Literature and the Arts, Agriculture, Chemistry, Educa- tio n, Engineering, Medicine and the Mayo Foundation. The hundred and sixty teachers are grouped in the Graduate School, not by colleges, but by the lines of their major scientific interest. Each of the seven groups are represented on the Executive Faculty by a representative. This Executive Faculty acting with the Dean administer the affairs of the Graduate School. ■ ■ 87 THE GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ 1 THE GRADUATES AT ROCHESTER IN THE MAYO FOUNDATION m ■ GRADUATE WORK SUBSIDIES WITH the exception of the four endowed Shevlin Fellowships, the ' " Class of 1890 Fellowship, " and the Albert Howard Scholarship, the University of Minnesota has no regular means of encouraging, or, as some critics say, subsidizing graduate students. In the various departments there are eighteen Teaching Fellow- ships, forty Assistantships and forty-four Scholarships, besides the Fellowships in the Mayo Foundation, who render services in degrees varying with the pay and have the privileges of doing graduate work. Scholarships carrying free tuition have been granted by the regents to the faculty nominee of each of the small colleges of the state, and to the nominees of the colleges on the campus whose degrees admit to the Graduate School. GRADUATE AGS THE GOPH R ■ ■ ■C THE GRADUATES AT THE MAIN CAMPUS ■ ■ GRADUATES IN THE ENGLISH DEPARTMENT GRADUATES IN THE ANIMAL BIOLOGY DEPARTMENT ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ C ADVANCED DEGREES GRANTED IN 1916 Harry Lloyd Altman George Silk Barnum Earl Alonzo Barrett Elizabeth Bracdon Gladys McAlpine Campbell Mae Pauline Chestnut Milton Conover Margaret Quinlan Corkrey Joseh Earl Cummings Dacmar Donechy Florence Mary Gonohue John Frederick Eynck MASTER OF ARTS William Richard Fieldhouse Sybil Isabelle Fleming Alice Julia Flinn Florence Vehon Gumbiner Howard Lewis Hall Franklin Fisk Holbrook John Ludwig Huchthausen Howard Theodore Lambert Edgar Hughes Norris Jean St. John Plant Hugh Bruce Price Lucile Anne Quinlan Lloyd Howard Rutledge Noel Gharrett Sargent Jeannette Saunders Arnold Wilkinson Shutter Sister Frances Rita Ryan Sister Rose C. McLaughlin Rhinehart John Swenson Robert Raymond Thompson George Tilford Frederick Gale Tryon Hildecarde Evelyn Wanous I ■ ■ MASTER OF SCIENCE Clyde Harold Bailey Franklin Charles Clapp James Martin Curran Arthur Chester Dahlberg Elmer Thomas Fegan George Elmer Holm Walter Barnes Lang Moses Naphtali Levine William Foster Lusk Simon Marcovitch Darwin May Charles Ulysses Moore Joseph Robert Neller Allen Thurman Newman George Priester Laurence Arthur Stenger Lucius Harlow Watkins Hugh Brown Wilcox Guy Haines Woollett DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Paul Henry Brinton Elmer Ray Hoskins Paul Ernest Klopsteg John Ernest Weaver Vaman Ramchanda Kokatnur Gilbert Livingstone Wilson Frances Helen Relf 90 :1fe: " HOME ECONOMICS mtrr— ■■,-.; ' - i Jh. ni-nMctjintti ' " t.. the: gophe-r ■ ■ ■ HOME ECONOMICS ' HEN Mary Matthews was graduated from the University of Minnesota, just eleven years ago this spring, she re- ceived more applause upon accepting her diploma than did any other graduate in the entire class. This was because she was the hrst woman to whom the Univer- sity had ever granted the degree of Bache- lor of Science in Home Economics. Since that time, one hundred and seventy-three such degrees have been granted, and the commencement applause has not diminished. With keen interest our first graduate has kept in touch with the Home Economics Division and has witnessed changes which seemed utterly impossible a decade ago. When she entered college in 1902 the staff of the home economics teachers consisted of but two members, Mrs. Virginia Meredith and Miss Juniata Shepperd; she knows that it now has nineteen members, and that the student registration has increased from two in 1902, to three hundred and eight in 1916. But changes have not been in numbers merely. In the year 1912-13, under the new leadership of Miss Josephine T. Berry, came a reorganization of the entire Home Economics Division, which placed the college work upon a definite scientific basis, and relegated to the past the illogical terms, " domestic economy, " " domestic science, " and " domestic art. " The last time that our 1906 graduate visited the campus, we were able to proudly conduct her over a real Home Economics Building, occupied in February 1915, which, together with a south wing, completed in May, 1916, cost all of one hundred and ten thousand dollars and is filled with ten thousand dollars worth of up-to-the-minute equipment. And one does not have to be a 1906 graduate to appreciate the comforts of this new building. For when the present Seniors were Freshmen, was not design taught in the engineering building, textiles in the administration building, nutri- tion in the botany building, and cooking in the made-over chemistry building? When our visitor was dined at one of the two home management houses, she learned how, for periods of nine weeks each, groups of nine girls " home-manage " a household of twenty persons. If she heard a few sighs about hard work, she also heard vigorous assertions that " the home management course is the most valuable course ever invented. " ■ tl ■ ■ ■ 92 THE GOPHER - ' - If THE HOME ECONOMICS FACULTY THE EXPANSION OF HOME ECONOMICS THE field of home economics has been constantly broadening as evidenced by a comparison of the home economics course of study today with earlier ones. Formerly, " cooking and sewing " was the sum total of home economics. At present, they constitute but a part of the work. The course, today, is built on a scientific foundation; that is, on biology, chemistry, physiology and bacteriology. It is allied with other subjects, such as sociology, psychology, industrial history, economics and education and in consequence " cooking and sewing " is far too narrow a term to apply to the work on food, shelter and clothing, which we find in the course now. The clothing and textile course consists chiefly of three types of work — the textile or fabric study; the art courses, including drawing and design, mechanical drawing, historic ornament and costume design and home equipment; the construction work, — garment making, dressmaking, clothing economics and millinery. This course is based on a knowledge of fabrics, — their weaves and fibres, and on design, — the harmony of color and line. The foods work, as it is taught at present, consists of courses in the principles of cookery and their application, and in the preparation and serving of meals ap- propriate to diff ' erent conditions; also in the problems affecting nutrition. In " ONE PINCH OF SALT " ■ ■ ■ c THE GOPHE,R THE CLASS IN DRESSMAKING. the dietetics work, the chief concern is the application of the principles of nutri- tion to the diet of normal and abnormal persons. Students prepare and serve meals which are thoughtfully planned as to food requirement. These meals are served in one end of the large living room shown in the picture. The room is accessible from a small kitchen through a pass pantry and although too large for ordinary service may be divided into two rooms by folding doors. Thus the room serves two purposes — as an important part of food laboratory work, and as a social room. It is used as an " Ag campus Shevlin " at noontime, and is used for college parties and dances. The room is a part of the newly erected Home Economics building. It is furnished in William and Mary furniture, to harmonize with its paneled walls and beamed ceiling. But this is not the only opportunity for serving meals. The " Home Manage- ment Houses " are no small part of the equipment, but may well be considered one of our chief assets. Three years ago. Miss Berry was influencial in establishing the WHO EVER MADE FOOD IN A TEST TUBE? 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER THE AG GIRLS ' SHEVLIN. first Home Management house. Since then other colleges have tried similar plans. The purpose of the institution is to furnish scientific training in home and institu- tional management. The large house accommodates four groups, of nine girls each, yearly. The course lasts for nine weeks; each girl is manager one week, assistant one week and a helper the remaining seven. The house is considered as a business firm and is managed accordingly. Before a girl becomes " manager " she plans her menus for the week and decides who is to be " on for " a meal, according to the time the girls have outside of class. For instance when Clara Ladner became manager, her menus were already ap- proved, according to cost, palatability and food requirements. In the morning Clara arose at five o ' clock, cleaned the fireplace, put the house in order, up and down. Then she shoveled the snow off the front piazza and to the walk and swept the back path. After this was done the newspaper was brought in and the rising bell rung. At seven Clara rang the breakfast bell and presided at the table. After breakfast the orders for the day were sent and directions given to the girls who were to prepare the other meals. At the beginning of the week Clara was given ten dollars for incidentals; extra cream or honey from a vendor. After these duties were over, she went to class and returned in time for luncheon at 1 : 15. If everything was well planned, she had nothing to do in the kitchen, any mealtime. Of course, Clara was general supervisor; — the refrigerator needed watching, the pantry shelves and kitchen floor had to be cared for and the cellar supplies checked and " gone over. " 95 THE GOPHE-R " MANAGED BY THE GIRLS ' The books of the firm have to be well kept and each manager is responsible for accounts during her management week. All disbursements and income must be recorded and all day slips filed in the card catalogue. These are later transferred to the journal and from the journal the manager writes up the ledger. Thus the firm knows its financial status from day to day. The houses differ slightly — the large house accommodates about twenty-two roomers and boarders, but the small one houses only twelve. A teacher lives at each house. The large house has recently added a dishwashing machine to its equip- ment, but as yet the small house is not as complete. The Home Management course has been decidedly successful and is still improving. Minnesota may well be proud of the institution. Home Economics graduates from both the foods and textiles work at Minnesota are filling responsible positions all over the country. So far, all the graduates desiring positions have been well placed and the number is increasing. We have teachers, not only at home, but in the Dakotas, Montana, and Kansas; and cafeteria managers in some of the largest clubs of the Northwest. Our dietitians hold posi- tions at Rochester and in the Twin Cities with success. With the increasing op- portunities which home economics offers for broad training for home and com- munity service, the girl who is sincere in her desire to do something worth while with her time can well afford to take this course. I ■ ■ AND LAST OF ALL. EASTER BONNETS! ja.LlE EnBtpci It. t.-.: - L A vV SSri ;. THL GOPHER THE COLLEGE OF LAW FN a basement room a tall, powerfully built man of middle age, with kindly eyes and genial bearing, is spreading the contents of a can of dark woodstain upon some roughly fashioned book shelves nailed to the wall. Piled upon the floor are some two hundred books, which he has brought from the little village of orthfield. As he paints, he sees visions and dreams dreams. The crude shelves are transformed into the stack room of a large library; the few books increase to twenty thousand volumes; the bare room is replaced by a commodious building. Around him are colleagues who understand his purposes and share his ideals. Busy about the building are many vigorous, earnest young men, seeking to fit the state honestly, intelli- their friend, counsellor and themselves so as to serve gently and capably. He is leader. He rouses himself from his dream; he has much to do before the morrow, when, in the large room above, he must meet the men of learning of the state, the Board of Regents and the Faculty of the University of Minnesota, and deliver to them an address upon the science of jurisprudence. For this man is William S. Pattee, the dean and resident faculty of the new Department of Law in the University of Minnesota; this basement room houses the College of Law; these few books comprise its library. And Dean Pattee lived to see his dream come true, so that when the present dean, William R. Vance, took charge of the Law School, he found a large body of students, a good working library, and a fairly adequate equipment for carrying on the work. From the time when Dean Pattee opened the school in September 1888, until Mr. Vance came in September 1911, ideas and ideals in legal education had been constantly changing and developing. Mr. Vance also came with a vision — the vision of the Minnesota Law School as the great center of legal learning in the Northwest, a school of as high standards of scholarship as any in the world, a school whose diploma would signify sound training in legal reasoning, high ideals of professional conduct, and a proper appreciation of the lawyer ' s duty to the state. For the realization of this vision, he and his colleagues, nobly THE GOPHER supported by the Board of Regents and the entire administration, are constantly- striving. And in their efforts they have the hearty co-operation of the student body. If evidence of this co-operation be required, it is furnished in two outstanding student undertakings — the administration of the honor system and the publication of the Minnesota Law Review. Where, on the campus, does the honor system work well? In the Law School. Why? Because it is administered fearlessly and efficiently; because students and faculty regard themselves as a company of gentlemen, all working for the same end; and because the students feel that if one is so dishonorable as to betray the confidence of the faculty and his fellows be found among them, he should be promptly cast out. It is no pleasant task to sit in judgment upon one ' s fellows; but where the honor and integrity of the school are at stake, personal considera- tions are disregarded. What is the Minnesota Law Review? It is a legal magazine, published by the students and faculty of the Law School of the University of Minnesota. Its editor-in-chief is a member of the faculty, but the other members of the editorial board are students, the excellence of whose records has earned them this distinction. It is a distinction greatly coveted, though attended with an extraordinary measure of hard work, for which no credit toward a degree is given. Why, then, is it thus coveted? Because the successful publication of this magazine will bring honor to Minnesota, and aid her in taking and keeping place with the best law schools in the country. Truly, Dean Vance ' s vision bids fair to be realized. FLETCHER THURSTON VANCE 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER LAW 1917 Walter D. Shelley Leonard Wilson Ira Burhans ... Otis Godfrey . 1918 M. B. RUSTAN . . . J. E. Dougherty . Clarence 0. Lande . Charles Davis . 1919 Howard L. Hall . . Raymond C. Engan . . George M. Hollenbeck Richard A. Cullum . . President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer President Vice-president . Secretary Treasurer . President Vice-president . . Secretary . Treasurer RUSTAN DOl (.HKIi 1 V THE GOPHER B C f ' mit SENIOR LAWS Men of great fortitude and wisdom ! They have withstood the Law Faculty. JUNIOR LAWS Above the common multitude ! They have passed the gaff for a year. ' j ' S l 1H fl -% HI DT f f f f S ll« ' i 1 , » sc H u FRESHMAN LAWS Lambs going to slaughter. Some have already fallen. 101 I] ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R The University of Minnesota Shakespeare Tercentenary Celebration May 5 and 6, 1916 102 ' ' ' IIP f • _ r » ' . ' SEEESSSff MEDICINE ! THt GOPHER ■3 C PERRY H. MILLARD, M.D. OF the many persons who had to do with the establishing and upbuilding of the Medical School of the University of Minne- sota, Perry H. Millard, M. D., the first dean and professor of surgery, deserves the most credit. In 1888, very largely through his influence, the various medical schools in the state of Minnesota gave up their charters and closed their doors, that the medical department of the University might be established as a teaching body. Although never a popular man, he was a man universally known and respected as one who accomplished what he undertook. He was probably one of the greatest medical politicians in this country. He was wonderfully interested in the uplift of the medical profession and in the advance- ment of medical education. He had a faculty of foresight that was almost uncanny. He thought of and believed in advancements in medical education that no one else had ever dreamed of, and began at a very early period to lay the foundation for the realization of his dreams. Before the establishment of the Medical School he had taken a very active part in everything pertaining to his profession in the state, and in 1883 was instrumental in having framed and passed one of the best medical practice laws in existence. This medical law was one of the very first passed in the United States, and has served as a model for many other states. When he undertook to unify medical education in the state of Minnesota, the obstacles seemed to be almost insur- mountable, but he believed in the possibility of such an undertaking, and through his tact and perseverance the matter was finally consummated. When there were a number of rival medical schools in existence, all in the Twin Cities, unification of them seemed to all but Dr. Millard an impossible undertaking. Much of our subsequent success has been due to his executive and administrative ability, from the establishment of the school in 1888 until his untimely death in 1897. When the medical school of the University of Minnesota was established as a teaching body in 1888, the University had no medical buildings, no laboratories and no clinical facilities. The old Minnesota Hospital College building, at the corner of Ninth Ave. South and Sixth St., owned in large part by medical men, was loaned to the University for five years, and during that period the medical school was housed in it. The clinical facilities were furnished by the clinical professors, THt GOPHE-R and the clinics were conducted in the various municipal and private hospitals of the two cities. In 1893, largely through the influence of Dr. Millard, an appro- priation was received from the legislature and the building first known as Medical Hall, and later as Millard Hall, and the old one-story chemistry building were built. Before the completion of Medical Hall the funds were exhausted, and Dr. Millard loaned twenty thousand dollars to the regents for the completion of the building. When the new medical buildings were built on the new campus in 1912, the original Millard Hall was taken over by the regents for other uses, and the name of Millard Hall was transferred to the present magnificent Millard Hall, a fitting monument to any man. MEDICAL FACULTY ;. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER SWANSON MORIARTY HOVDE . MEDICINE 1917 Boles Rosenthal .... President Edwin 0. Swanson . . Vice-president Cecile Moriarty . . . Sec ' y-Treas. Rolf Hovde . . . Sergeant-at-Arms 1918 J. W. Gamble . Thomas A. Lowe . Nellie C. Pederson . Harry T. Kennedy . President Vice-president . Secretary . Treasurer GAMBLE THE GOPHER CHRISTENSON 1919 Orville Nelson . Georgiana D. Young . Wendell Downing . Emun Christenson . President Vice-president Secretary . Treasurer FRESHMAN MEDICS 107 3 ■ ■ ■ J ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE,R SENIOR MEDICS Ready for the War JUNIOR MEDICS Their friends call ' em " Doc " SOPHOMORE MEDICS They are getting the professional spirit fast t ' X .n ;i Hiiu .■ Hrrssc-S THE GOPHER y_ THE SCHOOL OF MINES IT will be of interest to note some of the prominent features in the development of the School. The course in Mine Sur- veying was one of the first to receive at- tention. When the School was opened there was no equipment available. A lim- ited number of instruments were procured in 1896, and the first School of Mines trip was taken to give the students ex- perience in handling instruments under- ground. This trip was the beginning of School of Mines field work. At the present time courses in field work may be said to characterize the curriculum. In the field the students become acquainted with actual practical operations, prob- lems encountered, and their solutions. The work covers mine surveying, observations on mining, milling and smelt- ing operations, also actual work in these different fields and in geology. Detail reports on all field work are re- quired as part of the curriculum. The development of the School is also emphasized by the School of Mines library. Beginning with a few volumes of transactions and journals, originally kept in the Dean ' s office, the present up-to-date library with several thousand volumes and reading tables sufficient to accommodate the entire School is a contrast which must be seen to be appreciated. The facilities of assay laboratory show another marked contrast. From the first, the efficiency of the course in assaying was due to the short, concise, and clear cut methods used to minimize time and labor. But the original laboratory located in the basement of Pillsbury Hall contained a minimum equipment, whereas the present laboratory is probably the most complete in the country. Before the laboratory was moved into the first School of Mines Building, in order to accommodate the class, it was necessary to divide it into two shifts, a day shift and a night shift of seven and one-half hours each. For several years the class in assaying was conducted in this manner. The day shift went on at 8 o ' clock in the morning and the night shift at 3 : 30 in the afternoon. The instructors remained on duty for 16 consecutive hours with a few minutes for lunch. Considering the temperature of the furnace room and the inconvenience of the general arrangement, this work was strenuous. However, work of this character, performed under such conditions, develop men who can meet the emergencies of their profession with credit to the School. DBS THE GOPHE,R ■ ■ ■ C The above summary presents some of the prominent features in the School ' s development. The technical courses have always been pre-eminently practical. Theoretical considerations are emphasized as far as they can be applied. Great stress is placed on general principles, while details are yearly modified to keep in touch with standard practice. 1887 — The General Faculty of the University recommends that the Board of Regents establish a " College of Mines and Metallurgy. " 1889 — A course of study for the " School of Mines and Metallurgy " is adopted by the General Faculty of the University. This course of study is published in the University catalogs for 1888-89, 1889-90, 1890-91. These publications also contain the statement that students who complete this course of study will receive the Degree of Bachelor of Mining Engineering. 1891 — The Legislature of the State of Minnesota appropriates $6,000 for the purpose of opening the " School of Mines " and for furnishing the same with suitable apparatus; also $4,500 is appropriated annually for the salaries of instructors in the " School of Mines " and for the salary of a Professor of Electrical Engineering. 1892 — The " School of Mines and Metallurgy " is formally opened in January, with William R. Appleby in charge, as Professor of Mining and Metallurgy. This date marks the beginning of technical instruction. The original course of study is modified into two separate courses, leading to the respective baccalaureate degrees of Mining Engineering and Metallurgy. Near the end of the year a reorganization is effected whereby the School of Mines and Metallurgy is temporarily affiliated with the College of Mechanic Arts, to form the College of Engineering, Metallurgy and Mechanic Arts. This organization continued until 1897. The School of Mines office, laboratory, and lecture rooms are located in Pillsbury Hall. v 1894 — The Ore Testing Works is completed and equipped with ore-testing and ore-dressing appliances. 1896 — First annual School of Mines trip is made by the Sophomore and Junior Classes. 1897 — The affiliation of the School of Mines with the College of Mechanic Arts is ended. This year marks the beginning of granting the degree of Engineer of Mines (E. M.) and Metal- lurgical Engineer (Met. E. ) to students who complete the respective courses. 1900 — William R. Appleby is appointed Dean. 1901 — The University year is changed from three terms to two semesters. The $5,000 Elliot Scholarship Loan Fund is established. 1902 — Admission of unclassed students is discontinued. Ore Testing Works is partly destroyed by fire. Sophomore field work is modified to mine surveying during the month just preceding the Sophomore year. Junior field work is given on the Minnesota iron ranges. 1903 — First School of Mines building is completed as far as available appropriations allow. All offices, assay laboratory, and department library are moved from Pillsbury Hall to the partly completed School of Mines building, located on the site of the present University High School. Field work in mine surveying is given in the month just preceding the Junior year. 1904 — First School of Mines building is completed. 1908 — Field work in mine surveying is given near the close of the Junior year, followed by practical mining in Western mining camps. 1909 — First ore estimates for the Tax Commission are made June 9th. 1911 — School of Mines Experiment Station is established. Five-year courses leading to the degrees of E. M. and Met. E. are opened. Course leading to degree of E. M. (Geology) is offered. 1913 — School of Mines building partly destroyed by fire, February 14th. Offices, department library, and lecture room facilities are temporarily accommodated in the Main Engineering building. Assay laboratory is moved into the Testing Works. Courses in metallography are opened. 1914 — Cornerstone of the new School of Mines building is laid. November 28th. 1915 — New School of Mines building completed and occupied. Field work in mine surveying is given in May near the close of the Sophomore year. This is followed by field work in geology, after which each student spends four weeks in practical mining. Junior field work is given in Western practice during the month of May, followed by six weeks of practical work. THE GOPHE-R DENNIS MINES 1917 Tom Cassilly . William E. Hubbard William Elson . Richard Dennis . . . President Vice-president Secretary . Treasurer 1918 Raymond Allard Harry Frank . Walter L. Jerrard . Clifford R. Nichols President Vice-president . Secretary Treasurer ALLARD JERRARD THE GOPHER HOSTED 1919 Joseph C. Barr . Sidney A. Frellsen . Joseph 0. Hosted . Walter R. Mellem . President Vice-president Secretary . Treasurer THE FACULTY OF THE SCHOOL OF MINES ' ' Always invited to the Miners ' Banquet " THL GOPHER FRESHMEN " Still Innocent " SOPHOMORES " They have attended one banquet " I I JUNIORS " Hosts at the banquet " ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER . V_ THE UNIVERSITY NURSE HE newest kind of a Co-ed on the Uni- versity Campus is the student nurse. New, yet nevertheless an educational and social asset in the life of the University. New as she is, this latest variety of Co-ed has already come to be taken as a matter of course. A shining mark she is by virtue of the fact that she is taken so fre- quently to University functions. And the School for Nurses is exercised over the fact that she is too often taken for life. It is a bit trying to rear a perfectly good nurse and then to lose her to purely domestic uses. But the fact points a moral because the nurse so well adorns the tale. There is a sociologic meaning in her selection. The men of today are placing continually greater store by the women who do something; and particularly by the women who fit themselves to do something worth while. The will to survive, with the ability to survive, as a self- dependent social unit, is coming to be the real test of the worth of women. New fledging as she is in the University world, the student nurse is coming into her own because the career she has chosen stands for a broad usefulness. " The streams of tendency which forever determine souls " are setting in the direction of service. The worth of the women who are entering the profession of nursing is distinctly on the gain. These women are improving a great opportunity, and the opportunity is greatly improving them. Thereto attaches a tale of which the University of Minnesota may well be proud. It is attracting to its School of Nurses women of superior order because it is offering them a great opportunity. How great it is, the University, as a whole, may not understand. So swift is the movement of our times that we miss the significance of passing events which bring treasure to our shore. Established but a few years ago, this School for Nurses was the first University school for the education of nurses anywhere in the world. It remains the foremost school of its type. So significant is this fact that the history of the School has been made a part of the required reading in public service courses of other uni- versities. The School is standardizing the education of nurses. And its work has only begun. Already applicants for its registration are far in excess of the number it !!■■■■ THE, GOPHE.R can admit. Already it has graduated 51 students, a number of whom are filling public positions. Of its graduates, five are head nurses in the University Hospital today. Very soon its administrators hope it will enter the field of higher education. Courses in public health nursing are already mapped out and await provision for their directorship. The University School for Nurses occupies an unique place. Often it has been said that the value of a University is not in its physical development, not in its scientific and literary equipment; but rather in the educational ideals that uplift the life and inspire the work of its teachers; in the spirit that directs the energy and informs the mind and kindles the soul of its student body. If this be so, the newest Co-ed, this new University trained nurse, stands for these real values. For the School for Nurses, to the discredit of the institution, has no home, no equipment, no budget. It has literally no place that it can call its own. It lives only in the faith and the enthusiasm of its leaders and teachers, — in the love and the loyalty, the hard work and the high purpose of its student women, — earnest for the oppor- tunity, jealous of the honor of a University education and degree. ■ ■ ■ THE FACULTY OF THE NURSES ' SCHOOL ■ THE, GOPHER LARSEN KURTZMAN NURSING 1918 Effie Larsen President Dorothy A. Kurtzman . Sec ' y-Treas. THE ENTIRE NURSES ' CONTINGENT IN JANUARY, 1917 THE GOPHER V THE COLLEGE OF PHARMACY THE College of Pharmacy has an out- door laboratory that cost the Univer- sity nothing. Oh, yes! Of course! The equipment cost a little something. Not having been able to obtain enough space indoors for all the laboratories he has on his list, Dean Wulling appropriated some of the outdoors. The Dean claims walls and ceilings and floors are for some pur- poses, not only unnecessary and useless, but positively deterrent and prohibitive; besides, they cost a lot of good money and need care and repair. He claim s also that as a site for this kind of laboratory, old Mother Earth can not be beat, and espe- cially if the site snuggles in between a quadrangle of build- ings. To start a laboratory like this the seed has first to be planted over and over for about twenty years in the in- fertile soil of indifferent and even prejudiced minds of officials in authority. As a prerequisite, the annual or biennial sprouts must be brought forth, with great effort, in the hopeful bosoms of a dauntless and undis- couraged faculty, and have to die periodically for a score of years for want of the fertilizer of official approval and support. The Dean says the way to finally possess a thing is first to deserve and merit it, and that the prenatal period extends over a stretch of time commensurate with the value of the thing to be born. This fact alone establishes the great value of this unique laboratory. To bring this species of laboratory into permanent life after a long period of gestation requires a specialist from Philadelphia who is versed in this form of rearing, and who has the ability to successfully lead the infant through its early and precarious days of early adolescence into a fairly secure maturity. For this purpose the specialist must call upon the near and far ends of the earth for the initial baby food, in the form of seeds capable of supplying the material for instructing the juvenile, but hungry, embryo pharmaceutical mind. Once this material is supplied, it per- petuates itself annually, with the help of the specialist and the open season and sunshine and H O. Since all good things are imitated, it is only natural that others should establish similar outdoor laboratories; and at this time, six years after Minnesota started hers, seven other colleges have added similar outdoor laboratories to their educational equipment. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE,R THE PHARMACY FACULTY What ' s the answer? It is: The Medicinal Plant Garden of the College of Pharmacy of the University of Minnesota, where a good part of the course in pharmacognosy is taught while the sun shines and the rain rains. if.f.f ■ ■ ■ ■ c D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER PHARMACY 1917 Edmund Oehlke .... President Harry Williams . . Vice-president Anna Mulrean . . Secretary-Treasurer 1918 Raymond Amberg Elmer Peterson . Cora Fossen . Benjamin Berkuvitz President Vice-president . Secretary Treasurer AMBERG BERKUVITZ THE GOPHER SHARPLESS CILLER 1919 Clarence F. Sharpless . . President Leo Madsen .... Vice-president Gayle J. Eddy . . Secretary-Treasurer Maurice Giller . . Sergeant-at-Arms l-ri WL ' l ( fM»l iPE?i f •1 ft Wf " 1 U •1 « ■■ i V ' 9 ♦., 1 - , iBI ' r THE JUNIORS AND SENIORS 1 ■ .♦ ♦ t « f yl r 1 t ' vH m wr • t « fe ■» -. r ' f ? T - - S . . -» FRESHMEN :]■■■■. THE GOPHE R THE OUTDOOR LABORATORY OF THE PHARMACISTS - pi y ' • ' ' •» ' i „v4 ' BJiteiiBfffatiit ' ' i ' tt PICKING STRAMONIUM ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R MINNESOTA HONOR RQii :; -:-y.: -v:-;i-:i- i OUR DISTINGUISHED ALUMNI John Zeleny, ' 92, Professor of Physics, Yale University. J. Paul Goode, ' 89, Professor of Geography, University of Chicago. John Lind, ex ' 76, Lawyer, ex-Governor of Minnesota. Gratia Countryman, ' 89, Librarian, Minneapolis Public Library. Otto Folin, ' 92, Professor of Biological Chemistry, Harvard University. Halsey W. Wilson, ex ' 85, Publisher, President H. W. Wilson Company. Marion Craig Wentworth, ' 94, author of " War Brides. " Marion E. Potter, ' 97, associated with H. W. Wilson on library work. Fred B. Snyder, ' 81, Lawyer, President of the Board of Regents. Kendrick Charles Babcock, ' 89, Dean of the College of Liberal Arts, University of Illinois. Theodore Gerald Soares, ' 91, Head of the Department of Practical Theology, University of Chicago. Ulysses S. Grant, ' 88, Professor of Geology and Curator of Museum, North- western University. THE GOPHER JOHN ZELENY J. PAUL GOODE JOHN ZELENY, ' 92 JOHN ZELENY, who received his B. A. from Minnesota in 1892 and who was professor of physics from 1892 until 1915, was the choice of more Alumni for the Honor Roll than any other man. His work has been that of a scientist, quiet and unostentatious. John Zeleny has made himself one of the greatest physicists of America. He has written numerous monographs and articles on subjects in physics and especially on electrical conduction through gases. In 1915 Yale took him from us and Minnesota lost one of her greatest sons from her faculty. JOHN PAUL GOODE, ' 89 As John Zeleny became one of the country ' s great physicists, so Paul Goode of the - class of ' 89 has become one of the great geographers. One of the most signal distinctions won by Minnesota men was that won by Paul Goode when the city of Chicago selected him to head its harbor commission. Mr. Goode has published a series of political and physical wall maps. He is at present associate editor of the Journal of Geography and is professor of geography at the University of Chicago. THE GOPHER JOHN LIND GRATIA COUNTRYMAN JOHN LIND, EX ' 76 JOHN LIND, who became Governor of Minnesota in 1899, came to this country when fourteen years old. He attended the University of Minnesota in 1875-76 and was admitted to the bar in 1876. He has won great distinction in the field of public service. He was a member of the 50th, 51st, 52nd, and 58th Congresses, Governor of Minnesota from 1899 to 1901, and President Wilson ' s personal envoy to Mexico in 1913. For several years Mr. Lind was president of the Board of Regents. Minnesota is proud of her adopted son who rose to the highest position the state affords. GRATIA COUNTRYMAN, ' 89 To head a library system as large as that of Minneapolis is a task worthy of the best of men. It is a Minnesota woman. Gratia Countryman, of the class of ' 89, who holds that position. How well she has filled it is testified by the extent of the library activities in Minneapolis. Go down into any foreign district in Minneapolis and there you will find a branch of the Public Library. There you will find the children of our adopted citizens learning the ideals of American democracy from the best of teachers, good books. Gratia Countryman has made the Public Library a great, living institution for providing education and clean entertainment to the citizens of Minneapolis. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER OTTO FOLIN HALSEY WILSON OTTO FOLIN, ' 92 ANOTHER graduate of ' 92, Otto Folin, is one of Minnesota ' s distinguished sons. " If anything is discovered in the field of physiological chemistry, you may be sure that Otto Folin has had something to do with it, " is the statement one alumnus made. Otto Folin, like John Lind, came to this country from Sweden when fifteen years old. He received his B. S. from Minnesota in ' 92 and his Ph. D. from Chicago in ' 98. In 1915 he was given the degree of Doctor of Science by Washing- ton University. Since 1937 Dr. Folin has been professor of biological chemistry at Harvard. HALSEY W. WILSON, EX ' 85 THAT Alumnus of Minnesota who has won distinction in business began in that business while going to the University. For years the H. W. Wilson Co. occupied the building across from the Pillsbury Memorial Gate. Mr. Wilson has made himself probably the best known publisher to librarians throughout the country. The H. W. Wilson Company published the Cumulative Book Index, The Reader ' s Guide to Periodical Literature, The United States Catalog, and the Book Review Digest. That Mr. Wilson has not forgotten his Alma Mater was shown last fall when a substantial check came from White Plains, New York for the Y. M. C. A. building fund. ::!■■■■ ■ B ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ L PART OF THE UNIVERSITY FARM HOW WE ACQUIRED OUR CAMPUS ALTHOUGH the University ordinarily dates its existence from 1868, the date of the reorganization and the actual beginning of university work, there was a prehistoric period which dates back to 1851, when the Territorial legislature created a University of Minnesota and provided for its government by a Board of Regents, but failed to appropriate a dollar for either lands, buildings, or instruction. Undaunted by this handicap, the regents asked the citizens of St. Anthony for a site for the newly created institution; Franklin Steele donated about four acres to the south and west of the intersection of East Hennepin and University Avenues. $2,500 for a building were contributed by public-spirited citizens. Thus the state had a full-fledged university which had cost it nothing, in which a teacher, who depended upon tuition which he collected from the pupils for salary and up-keep of the building, taught grammar, reading, writing, spelling, arithmetic, natural philosophy, chemistry, analysis, elocution, history, astronomy, physiology, Greek, Latin, French, bookkeeping, and higher mathematics. The title of this land was never made over to the Board of Regents, but some years later, in 1862, the regents were given credit for the value of the building as applying toward the payment of certain notes given by them in acquiring the new campus. The need of a site where more land would be available soon became apparent, and the regents purchased, October 21, 1854, twenty-five and one-third acres of the present campus from Paul R. George and Joshua Taylor for $6,000. A mistake was made in the description of this land, and the deed gave the regents title to a large section of the bed of the Mississippi River instead of a portion of the land actually purchased. This error was later corrected by Calvin Tuttle, who quit- claimed the land intended to have been conveyed by the previous deed from George and Taylor. This was done July 21, 1856. The quit-claim deed covered nearly two acres more than the original deed. The regents had no money to pay for this purchase. They borrowed $1,000 and gave their note for $5,000, secured by a mortgage upon the land purchased, the mortgage bearing twelve per cent interest. The legislature met the same winter, and ■ ■ THE GOPHER so rapidly had the land increased in value that the regents were authorized to mortgage it for $15,000 to raise money to erect a building and begin instruction. The story of the troubles that began with this transaction is a long one and cannot be given here. Suffice it to say that before this land and the new building were finally paid for they had cost $125,000. The final payment on this land was not made until 1883; the balance of $1,773.83 was taken out of the proceeds of the sale of the Old University Farm, which extended from Oak Street to Prospect Park. As soon as Dr. Folwell was called to the presidency of the University, he began to urge the purchase of more land. Finally, in 1877, he succeeded in inducing the regents to make such a request and the legislature appropriated $18,000 for this purpose. In 1879 the legislature gave $20,000 more, and again in 1880 added another $20,000. The rights of way through the campus brought $28,000, which was also used to purchase additional land. Later Mr. S. H. Chute donated a strip of land, 261 2 X 181 feet, along Eleventh Avenue, near Sanford Hall. Toward the latter part of his administration, Dr. Folwell placed before the board of regents a proposition to sell the campus in Minneapolis and purchase a section of land on the northern shore of Lake Minnetonka, and to move the University bodily to that site. This plan would have given the University one of the finest sites in the world and would have located the agricultural department on the campus with the other departments of the University. In 1903 the legislature appropriated $11,000 for the purchase of additional land and for grading the campus. Part of the present Northrop Field was purchased with this money. The heirs of the late Governor Pillsbury also donated six lots in this block, and the city council vacated Arlington Street, adding materially to the land available along the southern boundary of the campus. Union Street also was vacated through the campus. This completed the acquirement of that part of the campus, as it now stands, to the north of the Northern Pacific tracks. The Greater Campus The alumni started a movement to secure more land for the campus, tentative suggestions having been made as early as 1901. Nothing could be done for several years, the regents refusing to endorse the request. Mr. Henry B. Hovland, afterward a regent, became disturbed over the location of Folwell Hall and offered to give $50,000 toward the purchase of land across University Avenue, if the citizens of Minneapolis would also contribute for this purpose. The project fell through, as he could not secure proper support to promise a successful outcome. However, the discussion started by his offer still further aroused the alumni and citizens, and a definite and concerted effort was made, independent of the regents, and the legis- lature of 1907 appropriated $450,000 for the purchase of additional land, and two years later added another $350,000, making a total of $800,000 for the purpose. The alumni and faculty of the College of Medicine and Surgery secured $40,000 in contributions for the purchase of a site for Elliot Hospital. With the $840,000 was purchased all that part of the present campus to the south of the Northern Pacific tracks. The acreage included in the present campus is 108.5. Though the land along the river bank is owned by the park board, for all practical purposes it constitutes a part of the campus. E. B. Johnson. THE GOPHER GUMPSE OF THE NEW CAMPUS 132 D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE R ■ C Harold Aase Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Alpha Gamma Rho ; Ag College Quartet 2, 3; University Band 2, 3; Aericultural Education Club 3; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Ag College Intramural Football 2, 3; Hockey 2, 3; Ag Booster Club 1, 2, 3. Oscar Abrahams . . . . . . Minneapolis ' Ockie " DEiNTISTRY Tau Beta Phi. Alma Abrahamson Minneapolis ACADEMIC Howard Abrahamson Lindstrom " Abe " ENGINEERING A. S. M. E. Paul Kenneth Abrahamson .... Houston " Abe " ACADEMIC Cosmopolitan Club; Shakopean Literary Society; Y. M. C. A. ; Prohibition Club. Edward H. Adams Hunter, N. D. ACADEMIC Cyma 2. 3; Y. M. C. A. 2, 3. Marjorie Adams Fergus Falls " Midge " NURSING Wellesley College. Priscilla Fentham Adams . . . Minneapolis " ri5cy " HOME ECONOMICS Mrs. Backus ' School; The Stout Institute; Kappa Kappa Gamma; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Leonard Aho . Two Harbors ACADEMIC Robert E. Ainsworth Minneapolis " Bob " MINES Sigma Rho; School of Mines Society 1, 2, 3. ■ ■ !!■■■■. THE, GOPHER Arnold W. Albrecht Maplston iiS y " Germany " DENTISTRY F. Wray Aldenderfer . " Biff, " " Aldie " ACADEMIC St. Paul Kappa Sigma; Scabbard and Blado ; Skull and Crescent; Dailv Staff 1; Varsity Football Squad 2, 3; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3. Mary Elizabeth Aldrich academic W. S. G. A.; Suffrage Association. Rochester Seward Allen Aldrich ..... Rochester AGRICULTURE Intramural Wrestling 2; Ag Editor Daily 3. Raymond Wallace Allard " Ray " MINES St. Paul Sigma Rbo 2. 3; School of Mines Society 1, 2, 3; Junior Class President. Grand Rapids Raymond Michael Amberc . " 5iscu(£ " PHARMACY Phi Delta Chi; Class Treasurer 2; President 3; Students ' Catholic Association. Olga Andersen Minneapolis ACADE.MIC Tam o ' Shanter; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A. Adelina Anderson Redwood Falls ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. 1, 2. 3; Junior Mathematics Club 3; Tarn o ' Shanter 3; W. S. G. A. 3; W. A. A. 3. C. Oscar Anderson Minneapolis DENTISTRY Zeta Kappa. Delphine Anderson Hallock " Del " A_ L. ' _ _ . HOME economics H. E. S. C. A. 1. 2, 3; W. A. A. 2, 3; Philomathian Literary Society I, 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. I, 2. 3; Phi Upsilon Omicron; Ag Girls ' Glee Club 3; H. E. A. 1, 2, 3. 131 THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ Ernest Jerome Anderson . . . Minneapolis DENTISTRY Xi Psi Phi. GusTAVE RiCARD Anderson . . . Minneapolis ' Gloomy Gus " DENTISTRY Zcta Kappa. Hilder Alvin Anderson .... Minneapolis " Ande " ENGINEERING A. S. M. E. ; Leader of the Mule in The Engineers ' Parade. HiLDiNC C. Anderson . . . Mt. Vernon, Wash. MEDICINE University of Washington 1. 2; Theta Chi; Varsity Track; " M " Club. HiLDURE Elvira Anderson .... Belgrade HOME ECONOMICS Mankato State Normal; Y. W. C. A. 2, 3; Athenian Literary Society 2, 3. Parker 0. And erson Hallock " Andy, " " Hogan ' FORESTRY Sigma Phi Epsilon; Forestry Club President 2; Intra- mural Football and Hockey I, 2; Agricultural Men ' s Union Board 2; " M " Club; Football " M " 1916; Wing and Bow. Raymond H. Anderson Duluth " Andy " DENTISTRY Thulanian. Rudolph Harry Anderson Foley " Rudie " ACADEMIC Svithiod; Shakopean; Academic Student Council; Scan- dinavian Society; International Polity Club; Prohibition Club; Gopher Staff; Pan-American Club; Economics Club. Ruth Gertrude Anderson . . . Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS St. Mary ' s Hall, Faribault; Pi Beta Phi. Esther Marie Andreasen . . . Ashland, Wis. " Redtop " NURSING ■ ■ H ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C- ■ ■ I Minneapolis Mary Evelyn Andrews " Sally, " " Obediah " ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A.; Kappa Rho Literary Society; Forensic League; Ittterclass Basketball 1; Baseball 1, 2; Cricket 2; Field Hockey 3; Tam o ' Shan;er. Hazel Applegate Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. 1. 2. 3; W. A. A. 1, 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Tam o ' Slianter; Hockey 1, 2, 3. Harold K. Armstrong .... Minneapolis " Army " MINES Sigma Rbo ; School of Mines Society 1, 2; Secretary- Treasurer School of Mines Society 3; Gopher Board; Geology Club 3. Halvor Willet Arnquist . academic Hudson, Wis. Lawrence College; Rifle Club 2; Shakopcan Literary So- ciety; Y. M. C. A.; I. P. A. 2, 3; Economics Club. Raymond Ellsworth Arp Jackson agriculture Uta Ota 3; Athenian Literary Society I, 2, 3; Agricultural Education Club 3; Y. M. C. A. Commission 1, 2, 3; A. B. C. Club 1, 2, 3; Cosmopolitan Club 3; Class President; Agricultural Colleg e Glee Club 2, 3. Irving Ellsworth Aske Duluth engineering A. I. E. E. RoMAYNE Backus St. Paul " Rome " FORESTRY St. Paul Academy; Forestry Club 2, 3; Spanish Club 2; Junior Corporation 3. Lucas Montrose Bacon St. Paul " Bake " law Phi Gamma Delta; Adelphian. Minneapolis Myrtle Carolyn Bacon . academic Y. W. C. a. 2, 3; Liberal Association 3; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; W. A. A. 3; Tam o ' Shunter; Scandinavian So- ciety 1, 2, 3; Daily Reporter 3; Secretary Shevlin Board 3; Kappa Rho Play 2; Kappa Rho Debate Team 3; Program Committee of Forensic League 3; Vice-pres.dent and Chairman of Publicity Committee of Equal Suffrage Club 3; Kappa Rho Play Committee. A. KiTTREDCE Bailey Minneapolis " Kit, " Akie " MINES Kappa Sigma; Sigma Rho; Athletic Representative 3; Gopher Staff; School of Mines Society I, 2, 3; Class Vice-president 2; Adelphian; Chairman Refreshment Com- mitte J. B. Association; Intramural Football. 136 THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ r James Dunn Bain Mankato LAW Carleton College. Helen Maurine Baker .... Nevada, Iowa " Skinny ' NURSING W. S. G. A. 2; W. A. A. 2. Hampton B. Ball Troy, Mo. " Alexander Hamilton " ENGINEERING A. S. M. E. Charles B. Bang Ada " CAucA ' " DENTISTRY Thulanian Club; Band I. 2, 3. Blanche Marie Barker .... Minneapolis academic Tarn o ' Shanler; W. S. G. A. Leon E. Battles Bemidji engineering Y. M. C- A. Building Committee. Ruben Bernard Bauer .... Minneapolis engineering A. I. E. E. 3; Engineers Society 1, 2; Minnesota Radio Society 3. CoRDA Helen Baumhoefener . . Young America ACADEMIC Sigma Beta: W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.J Y. W. C. A.; Deutscher Verein. Ralph B. Beal Minneapolis " Dad " ACADEMIC Delta Kappa Epsilon ; Sigma Delta Chi; Adelphian ; Forum Literary Society; Daily Reporter 1; Advertising Manager 2; Band 2; Economics Club 3; Spanish Club 3; Business Manager 1918 Gopher; Y. M. C. A. Campaign Team 3. Elizabeth Bearnes Minneapolis ACADEMIC Delta Gamma; Junior Advisor. ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHeR Irving Sherman Beckensteen " Beck " DENTISTRY Tau Beta Phi. Minneapolis Helen Bell Minneapolis ACADEMIC Delta Camma ; W. A. A. ; Sophomore Vaudeville. Walter G. Benjamin ..... Hutchinson " Ben " MEDICINE Battery F. Harriet Benton . . . . academic Delta Gamma; Junior Advisor. Minneapolis Benjamin Berkuvitz Hopkins " Berky " PHARMACY Pharmacy Representative 1918 Gopher StafT. Marie E. Bertram Minneapolis ACADEMIC . Smith College 1, 2; K appa Kappa Gamma; Lc Cercle Francais; W. S. G. A.; Students ' Catholic Association. Margaret Lenore Besnah " Marg " ACADEMIC Duluth Alpha Gamma Delta; Thalian; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; Daily Reporter 2; Chairman Social Committee 3; Vice-president Duluth Club 2, 3; Junior Advisor; Album Editor Gopher. George H. Bierman Detroit ENGINEERING Alpha Delta Phi; Track 2; Engineering Football 3. St. Paul Jack Victor Birnberg . " Jack " DENTISTRY ' 17 Tau Beta Phi; Menorah Society. Ragnhild Bjeldanes Madison NURSING ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Gladys Blain Redfield, S. D. ACADEMIC Kappa Alpha Thcta ; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Sophomore Vaudeville; Tain o Shanter. Phillip E. Blancheite Anoka PHARMACY Students C: tholic Association. Donald J. Bleifuss Stewartville ENGINEERING Acnes Crawford Bohmhach . HOME economics Gamma Phi Beta; H. E. S. G. A. Minneapolis Florence May Booher . . . Armour, S. D. " 3 ifte " ACADEMIC Morningsidc College; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Charles Herbert Bolsta .... Ortonville " Boley ' law Delta Theta Phi. Audrey Annette Borden St. Paul academic Gamma Phi Beta; W. S. G. A.; President of Euterpe n Cluh; Sophomore Vaudeville 2, 3; Feature Staff 1918 Gopher. Mabel Annette Borgmann . . . Sauk Center home economics Phi Upsilon Omicron ; -Athenian Literary Society 1. 2, 3; H. E. A.; H. E. S. G. A.; Agricultural College Girls ' Glee Club 3; Agricultural College Orchestra 2, 3; Students ' Catholic Association 1, 2, 3. Hazel Vivian Boss St. Paul home economics Phi Upsilon Omicron; Y. W. C. A.; President 3; H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A.; W. A. A.; Hesperian Literary So- ciety; Vice-president 2; Class Secretary 2. Julia Linsly Bowers . . . academic W. S. G. A.; Suffrage Club. Gladstone THE, GOPHE R -John W. Boyle Stillwater " Ding " ACADEMIC Phi Kappa Psi; Adelphian ; Daily Night Editor; Junior Ball Association. Harriett Bozarth .... Cedar Falls, Iowa ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Frank Peter Brady .... Red Lake Falls DENTISTRY Zeta Kappa. George Andrewe Brandenborc . . Minneapolis dentistry Band I. 2. Martin 0. Brandon Kensington LAW Shakopean Literary Society; Intercollegiate Debate Squad. Minneapolis Donald Stark Branham . . . " Don " academic Kappa Sigma: Y. M. C. A. Commission 3; Daily Re- porter 2; Night Editor 3; Chairman Y. M. C. A. Handbook Committee 2; Junior Class Finance Committee; Manager Freshman Class Baseball Team. Shirley C. Brayton . . . Manchester, Iowa FORESTRY Forestry Club 2. 3; Agricultural Students ' Council 3; Gobblers 1, 2, 3. Katherine Lord Brewster . " Kaddy " ACADEMIC Minneapolis Alpha Phi; Class Secretary 1; W. A. A.; Tarn o ' Shanter; Le Cercle Francais. Kenneth Brigcs .... ij " Ken " l engineering Shattuck School; Delta Tau Delta. Grace Bright academic Alpha Xi Delta. Minneapolis Minneapolis ■ ■ ■ ■ J the: gopher Agnes Bboberg Blue Earth HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A.; Basketball. GusTAVE Christopher Brohaugh, Washington, D. C. rmmi " b ENGINEERING »}■ Technical High School, Washington, D. C; Y. M. C. A. . Bsfc. : _ LuELLA Brohaugh Shelly home ECONOMICS Y. W. C. a. 3; H. E. S. G. A. 3. . ii , , -, . William Edwin Brohauch Shelly , . AGRICULTURE _ - Live Stock Club. Bf m Harold Lee Brooke Minneapolis " Doc " engineering Y. M. C. A.; Engineering Society 1, 2. 3 ;, Vice-president A. I. R. E. 3; A. I. E. E. 3. FisKE Irving Brooks Minneapolis ' v . dentistry H| r p k| Tau Beta Phi; Menorah Society. P Mary Catharine Brown Stephen [sft t| ' ACADEMIC fe l g Carleton College; W. S. G. A. 3; Y. W. C. A. 3. Frank L. Brunkow Delano AGRICULTURE Alpha Zeta; Hesperian Literary Society 2. 3; Agricultural . M " ' Dramatic Club 2, 3; " Back to the Farm " Cast 2. 3; Agricultural Students ' Council 3; Y, M. C. A. Cotn- __ F ' W M 1 mission 1, 2. 3. B L M V jr L K. Edward Brunsdale .... Portland, N. D. " " " ' " Ed " LAW B.A. Luther College; Thulanian ; Band; Scandinavian Society. Cleo Buck Pipestone ACADEMIC K " ? - -t ' L:;; ' " ' ' ' National Park Seminary. Forest Glen, Md. ; Y. W. C. A. ; f: : ' jg -.-A -. ■ VI W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. I. ' ' . " " H1: . . - - ,}, THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ Edward Timothy Buckley . . . Farmington ■■Mike " ACADEMIC Delta Chi; Tau Shonka ; Football 1916; T. Y. Z. Matilde Sophia Buechler . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Henry Burich Hutchinson ACADEMIC Konieiisky Club; President 3. John D. Burnes Hopkins ■■Jones " FORESTRY Forestry Club 2. 3; Ist Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3; Gobblers 1, 2, 3; Y. M. C. A.; Agricultural College Glee Club 3. Clarice Butler St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS Ames 1, 2; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Kenneth Simms Caldwell .... St. Paul MEDICINE Hamline; B. A. Minn. 1915; Theta Delta Cbi; Nu Sigma Nu; Tavern; Garrick Club; Academic and Medical Stu- dent Councils; Alhletic Board of Control. Leroy Adelbest Calkins Wadena ■■Calk " MEDICINE B. S. Cornell College; Phi Beta Pi; Gopher Board 3. Kathleen Cakling St. Paul ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Students ' Catholic Association. Melvin H. Carlson Brainerd " Mel " DENTISTRY Xi Psi Phi. SicRiD Elizabeth Carlson . . . Marine Mills ACADEMIC Iduna. THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C Jesse Andrew Carpenter .... Minneapolis " Jack " ACADEMIC Chi Psi; Daily Night Editor 3; Adelphian. Marie Carpenter St. Peter HOME ECONOMICS Stout Institute; Hesperian Literary Society; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. C. A. EiTHNE Carroll Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. C. A.; W. A. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; Suffrage Club; Students Catholic Association. Paul Carroll Miller ACADEMIC University of South Dakota; Phi Delta Theta. Abigail Carufel Faribault ACADEMIC Acanthus; Junior Advisor; Students ' Catholic Association. Evan F. Gary Chippewa Falls " Skeel " ACADEMIC Delta Upsilon; Adelphian; Y. M. C. A.; Minnesota Magazine 3 ; Economics Club 3. Rose Cashman Owatonna home economics Students ' Catholic Association; H. E. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Geraldine Cassilly St. Paul " Gerry " ACADEMIC Junior .Advisor; Tam o ' Shanter; Students ' Catholic Association; W. S. G. A.; Suffrage Club. Josephine Catherwood Austin HOME ECONOMICS Kappa Kappa Gamma ; Phi Upsilon Omicron ; Class Vice- president 2; Sophomore Vaudeville; Junior Advisor; Agricultural Dramatic Club; Y. W. C. . .; H. E. S. G. A. Gertrude Chamberlain Hastings Louise " HO.ME ECONOMICS Hesperian Literarv Society 2. 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; H. E. S. C. A. 1, 2, 3; H. E. A. 1, 2, 3; ' Partners " 3. -.- ' - ' ' rrni . ' ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■■■f _ !■■■■■ ■ B Herbert D. Chamberlain .... St. Charles ENGINEERING . y. - Engineering Society 1; Intramural Football 2; Intramural ) ■ Baseball 3. fcj Mary Wright Chapin St. Paul l k k HOME ECONOMICS Hesperian Literary Society; H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A.; ■ Y. W. C. A.; Girls ' Glee Club; Music Club. Florence A. Cheadle Duluth HOME ECONOMICS W. a. a.; Students ' Catholic Association; H. E. S. G. .A. Warren Neil Christopher . . Armstrong, Iowa " Ckris " AGRICULTURE Alpha Canima Rho ; Hesperian Literary Society 2, 3; Debating Team 3; Y. M. C. A. 1. 2, 3. Catherine Clancy Minneapolis . ' ACADEMIC , ■ Alpha Gamma Delta; Students ' Catholic Association; Spanish Club; Tam o ' Shanter; W. S. G. A. Fred E. Clark Minneapolis MINES .School of Mines Society; Students ' Catholic Association. Helen Frances Clark St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS H. E, S. G. a. 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Commission 1; H. E. A. 1. 2. Everett Allen Coe St. Charles " Ev " _ »,. AGRICULTURE l , Alpha Gamma Rho; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Webster " k Literary Society 3; Agricultural College Glee Club 1. " B - 2. 3; Ag Booster Club 1, 2, 3; Agricultural Education l jbHr Club WooDARD Colby . Hector MEDICINE Alpha Kappa Kappa; Crack Squad 2; Wrestling Team 3. T5H8R nPt.- ' !f ) Ferdinand Albert Collatz .... Duluth xTmo!., ■ ' - ' ■ - agriculture ' ,- , . .;) Y. M. C. A.; Ag Booster Club. I ■ ■ ■ ■ L J ■ ■ ■ ■ I 1 ■■■■■■! - 144 TH GOPHER P Lloyd W. Colman Grand Meadow " Coley " AGRICULTURE Live Stock Club; Ag Booster Club; Y. M. C. A. LiDA Mae Cooley Minneapolis •■Lide " ACADEMIC W. S. C. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A. Ruby May Coon Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Mankalo State Normal; Delta Delta Delta; Pbi Upsilon Omicron; Athenian Literary Society 3; H. E. A. 2. 3; H. E. S. G. A. 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 2, 3; Junior Advisor. loNE Elizabeth Corliss St. Paul NURSING H. E. A.; Y. W. C. A. Ethel Cormier Minneapolis " Ottie " ACADEMIC Sigma Beta; W. A. A. 3; Y. W. C. A. 3; Stuilents ' Catbo lic Association. Percy A. Cowin Minneapolis ..p.. MINES Chi Psi; Mines Football Team; President of Class 1. 2; 1917 Junior Ball Association; Sophomore Vaudeville; Hockey " M " 1. Mae Coy Anaconda, Mont. ACADEMIC Kappa Rho 3; Suffrage Club 3; Camp Fire 2, 3; W. A. A. 2. 3; Daily Reporter 3; W. S. G. A. I, 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. I, 2, 3; Junior Advisor. D. Stewart Craic Minneapolis " Slew " ENGINEERING Theta Tau ; Engineers ' Society 1; Crack Squad 1, 2, 3; Ist Lieulenaut U. M. C. C. 3. Esther Abbott Crandall . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. 2, 3; W. A. A. 3; Junior Advisor; Christian Science Society 1, 2, 3. Ruth Creglow St. Paul ACADEMIC Tam o ' Shanter; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Junior Advisor. ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Esther Cronan Rose Creek ARTS AND MUSIC Alpha Omicron Pi; W. S. G. A.; Music Club; Students Catholic Association. Earl Roy Crow Walker MEDICINE Verne Chase Crowl Minneapolis MEDICINE Y. M. C. A.; Chairman Religious Meetings Committee 1915-16; Advertising Salesman Minnesota Daily 2. Calgary, Alberta Gordon John Cummincs " Ted " ACADEMIC Western Canada College; Delta Upsilon. M. Marguerite Cummincs St. Paul home ECONOMICS Stout Institute; Home Economics Association; Students ' Catholic Association; Spanish Club. Adelaide Blanche Cummins . " Puss ' academic Milwaukee-Downer College. Mandan, N. D. Margaret Eleanor Cummins . . Mandan, N. D. " Peg " HOME ECONOMICS Milwaukee-Downer College. Marian Alice Cuvellier .... Minneapolis " Cuvie " ACADEMIC University of Wisconsin 1; Tarn o ' Shanter; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. AsTRiD Pernilla Dahle Starbuck " Dolly " EDUCATION Moorhead Normal School; Student Council; Prohibition Club; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Chester D. Dahle Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Delta Tau Delta; Adelphian; Wing and Bow; Ag Booster Club. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER John Ernest Dahlquist .... Minneapolis Erny, " " Doliy " ACADEMIC Svithiod; Delta Sigma Rho ; Castalian 1. 2 3; Freshman- Sophomore Oratorical ] ; Intersocicty Debate 1 ; Inter- collegiate Debate 2; Skull and Crescent; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. ; Forensic League Executive Committee 2; International Polity Club 2. 3; Scandinavian Society 1, 2, 3: Managing Editor I9I8 Gopher. Leo Walter Dahms Morgan " Ckic, " ' Forward " AGRICULTURE Tau Kappa Et silon ; Band 2. 3; Intramural Baseball and Basketball 2. ' 3. Alice Eunice Daily Dexter ACADEMIC University of Wisconsin 2; Alpha Gamma Delta; W. S. G. A.; Junior Advisor. Mary Frances Daly Lewiston ACADEMIC St- Catherine ' s College; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Tam o Shanter; Students ' Catholic Association. Ruth C. Dampier St. Paul " Ruthie " ACADEMIC Alpha Xi Delta; W. A. A.; Junior Advisor; W. S. G. A.; Tam o Shanter: Y. W. C. A.; " Velada Espanola " ; Pan- Hellenic Council; Home Economics Association 1, 2; Assistant Organization Editor 1918 Gopher. Carleton Dane . St. Paul " Bud " MINES Chi Psi; School of Mines Society 1- 2, 3. Berniece Daniels Staples ACADEMIC Carleton College- Harry Anthony Daniels . . . Two Harbors MEDICINE Phi Kappa Sigma- Helen Danielson Stillwater ACADEMIC Kappa Rho 2. 3; Equal Suffrage Club 3; W- S. G. A. 3; Forensic League 3; House Council. Margaret Helen Darling . . . Minneapolis education Deutscher Verein; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Tam o ' Shanter. ■ ■ ■ ■ c 3 ■ ■ ■ ar THE, GOPHER i- .« Harold G. Davis Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Alpha Zeta; Sigma Delta Chi; Live Slock Club 2. 3; Daily Reporter 2; Agricultural Representative 1918 Gopher. Edythe Marie de Carle . . Miles City, Mont. ACADEMIC Carlcton College 1. 2; W. S. G. A. Membership Com- mittee; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A. Leland Leonard De Flon . ■■Biir forestry Mauston, Wis. Alpha Zeta; Alpha Gamma Rho; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2. 3; Athenian; Forestry Club; Agricultural College Glee Club. Ruth Elsie Deloria . . . Iron River, Mich. " Rudy " ACADEMIC Students ' Catholic Association; Tam o ' Shanter; W. S. G. A.; Lc Cercle Francais. Carlos Werter del Plaine . . Orizaba, Mexico engineering Regina, Sask., Normal School; Acadia University, Nova Scotia, 1, 2; Cosmopolitan Club 3; Apollo Club 3. Maria Denniston Hudson, Wis. " Denny " HOME ECONOMICS Athenian Literary Society. Charles Morton Denny .... Minneapolis " Chuck " ACADEMIC Evanston Academy, Evanston. III.; Beta Theta Pi; Lotos Club; Snake and Skull; Adelphian ; Varsity Tennis 2. Harriet Derdowska Winona education Winona Normal; Students ' Catholic Association. Richard E. Deutsche Minneapolis " Richard " engineering University of Washington; Phi Delta Theta. Mary Rose Devaney . . . . . . Montrose ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; Equal Suffrage Club. THE GOPHER Eliza D. Dickey Wayzata ACADEMIC Alpha Gamma Delta; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Kenneth Dickinson Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Delta Upsilon; Wing and Bow; Sophomore Vaudeville 2; Battery F. Philip Henry Didriksen . . New Haven, Conn. " Deed " engineering Boardman Manual Training High School; Alpha Rho Chi; Architectural Society 1. 2, 3; Ist Lieutenant U. M. C. C. Swimming; Rifle Culb 2, 3. Bernice M. Dieckhoff .... Minneapolis " Bun " HOME ECONOMICS Home Economics Association. Harold Sheely Diehl . . . Clear Spring, Mo. " Dieblie " MEDICINE York Collegiate Institute; Pennsylvania College; Phi Delta Theta; Nu Sigma Nu; Assistant in Bacteriology and Pathology 191617. John George Dill Wabasha ACADEMIC Phi Kappa Psi. Raymond J. Dittrich New Ulm " Dutch " MEDICINE St. Thomas College; Students Catholic Association; Intramural Foothall. Donovan Russell Divet .... Fargo, N. D. " Riley " LAW Kappa Sigma ; Daily Reporter 2. Joseph J. Dobie Mapleton academic Dorothy Dartmouth Dodge . . . Farmington HOME economics Areme Club 2, 3; Philomathian 1. 2. 3; Trailers 1, 2, 3; H. E, A. 1, 2, 3; House Council 3. D ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE GOPHER WiLLARD Allen Doerr Two Harbors LAW Phi Delta Phi; Daily Board of Publishers I; Board of Editors, Minnesota Law Review, 1. Mae Donaldson St. Paul ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Acanthus; Y. W. C. A. Program Committee 3; W. S. G. A.; Junior Advisor; Pan-Hellenic President; Academic Editor 1918 Gopher. Max Donauer Duluth chemistry Minneapolis James Emmett Dougherty LAW St. Thomas College; Phi Delta Phi; Students ' Catholic Association. Ralph Lewis Dowdell St. Paul " Doodle MINES Sigma Rho. Lawrence 0. Doyle Minneapolis " Larry " MEDICINE Iowa State University 1, 2, 3; Phi Beta Pi; K. of C. Club. Margaret Doyle Minneapolis home economics Alpha Omicron Pi: Phi Upsilon Omicron; Students ' Catho- lic Association; H. E. S. G. A.; Vi ce-president H- E. S. C. A. Board 3; H. E. A.; Class Vice-president; Agri- cultural Students ' Council 3. Nona Elizabeth Doyle St. Paul academic St. Joseph ' s Academy; Students ' Catholic Association: S. C. A. Welfare Committee 3; Seminar Club; Tam o ' Shanter. Esther Drenckhahn Minneiska academic Junior Advisor; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; Students ' Catholic Association. Paul Henry Dunnavan . . ' . . . St. Paul " BUI " ACADEMIC Macalester College; Sigma Nu ; Adelphian Club; Treasurer Junior Ball Association 3; Y. M. C. A. ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE, GOPHE,R Frances Sturtevant Dunning ... St. Paul " Dunning " HOME ECONOMICS Macalester Academy; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. A. Charles W. Dwan Two Harbors ACADEMIC Phi Kappa Sigma; French Club 2. 3; Treasurer 3; Students ' Catholic Association 1, 2, 3. William Dwan Two Harbors " Bill " ACADEMIC Phi Kappa Sigma. George J. P. Dwire Minot, N. D. DENTISTRY St. Thomas College. Gail Coreine Dykeman Stephen HOME ECONOMICS Valley City Normal; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Hjalmar Eclov Stockholm, S. D. " Eck " academic South Dakota State College; Svithiod. Margaret Mary Egan St. Paul acade.mic Sigma Alpha Delta; W. S. G. A.; Students ' Catholic Association; Suffrage Club; Vice-president Pinafore; Pres- ident Tarn o ' Shanter. Frances Shannon Ek St. Paul academic Students Catholic Association ; W. S. G. A. ; W. A. A. Conrad Lawrence Ekhlund . . . Minneapolis " Eck " DENTISTRY Macalester; Freshman Football Team 1; Varsity Foot- ball 2. Carl Elmer Ekman Grand Rapids " Ek " LAW Delta Theta Phi. 151 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ Francis Field Eldredge " Hook " ENGINEERING St. Paul St. Thomas College; Theta Delta Chi; Engineering Hockey Team 1, 2. Sigurd Eliassen Skien, Norway ENGINEERING Skien Gymnasium; Cosmopolitan Club. Floyd H. Emery Fargo, N. D. " Wilkie " ACADEMIC Sigma Chi; Adelphian. Mabel Evelyn Emmons St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS H. E. S. G. A,; Y, W. C. A.; Home Economics Association. Leslie Encstrom .... Rockwell City, Iowa " £«ge " CHEMISTRY Acacia; Svithiod ; Y. M. C. A. 1; Band 2, 3. Ethel Norah Erickson .... Minneapolis " Ettie " ACADEMIC Sigma Beta; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; Pan-Hellenic Council 3; Scandinavian Society Secretary 3; Tarn o ' Shanter. CouRTiCE Eshelby St. Paul ACADEMIC Wilma Emily Eustis Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. 1. 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 1. 2. 3; W. A. A. 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. Treasurer 1. 2, 3; Tam o ' Shanter; Acanthus Literary Society; Junior Advisor; Geneva Club. Gottfried Johannes Eyler " Doc " Cleveland, Ohio ACADEMIC Central Institute, Cleveland. Ohio; Alpha Tan Omega; Sigma Delta Chi; Y. M. C. A. Cabinet 3; Dcutscher Verein 3; President Sophomore Class; Sophomore Vaude- ville; Senior Advisor 3; Junior Ball Association 3. Muriel Fairbanks Goodland " Murry " ACADEMIC Alpha Omicron Pi; Theta Sigma Phi 3; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2. 3; Tam o ' Shanter; Equal Suffrage Club; Minnehaha Staff 1. 2, 3; Chairman General Arrangements Junior Class 3; Minerva Literary I, 2, 3; Publicity Committee 2; Feature Staff 1918 Gopher. D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ RussEL S. Fallgatter .... Parker, S. D. " Russ " LAW Alpha Sigma Phi. John Harold Farley Minneapolis LAW St. Thomas College; Junior Ball Association; Students ' Catholic Association. Ernest Arthur Farmer .... Minneapolis DENTISTRY Gerald Farrell Duluth AGRICULTURE Students ' Catholic Association. Neil Alden Faus Osakis DENTISTRY Band I. 2; Intramural Baseball 1; Intramural Football 2. Mahel Felland Minneapolis " Mibs " ACADEMIC Pi Beta Phi 1, 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore. Gladys Joye Fewell .... Billings, Mont. ••Glad " ARTS AND MUSIC Daily Reporter 1; Euterpean 1: Masquers 1; W. S. G. A.; Christian Science Society; " The Flower of Yeddo " 1; Sophomore Vaudeville 2. Agusta Filberg Sherburn " Gussie " home ECONOMICS Areme Club; Hesperian Literary Society; Camp Fire; " Hearts o ' Pearl " 2; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A. Solomon Fineman Minneapolis MEDICINE Menorah Society. Clarence Lee Finger Paynesville ACADEMIC Hamline; Hamline-Drake Relay Team. ■ ■ :!■■■■ THE GOPHER D ■ ■»! W 8 RoscoE Lawrence Finnegan . . . Minneapolis DENTISTRY Students ' Catholic Association. Dean Stanley Firth Lewiston ENGINEERING Y. M. C. A. Earl Britzios Fischer .... Minneapolis " Fish " CHEMISTRY Dakota Wrsleyan University Academy; Kappa Sigma; Alpha Chi Sigma; Scabbard and Blade; Mu Phi Delta; Glee Club 1. 2. 3, +; President Glee Club 5; Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3; Captain and Regimental Adjutant U. M. C. C. 4; Chemistry Class Secretary 3. Teresa G. Fitzgerald Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Students ' Catholic Association: Spanish Club. William John Fitzgerald Dulutli ENGINEERING Forum Literary Society 2, 3; Students ' Catholic Associa- tion I, 2, 3; Engineering Society 1, 2. Mary Fitzsimmons Minneapolis EDUCATION River Falls. Wis.. Normal; W. S. G. A.; Prohibition Club; Students ' Catholic Association. Ruth V. Fjellman Minneapolis ACADEMIC Carl Robert Flandrick .... White Bear " Kelly " DENTISTRY Zeta Kappa. Irma Flinn Minneapolis " Sherm " NURSING Alpha Gamma Delta. Paul A. Flinn ........ Duluth agriculture Delta Tau Delta; Wing and Bow; Varsity Football; Skull and Crescent; Ag Booster Club. !■■■■[! • IZ:»BB» 154 THE GOPHE.R Katherine E. Fobes Northfield " Kay " ACADEMIC Alpha Gamma Delta; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 3; Euterpcan Club 1. 2; W. S. G. A. Delegate to Lake Geneva Summer Conference 1916; Secretary House Council 2; Tam o ' Shanter; Junior Advisor; Treasurer Thalian Literary So- ciety 3. Lyndon L. Foley Minneapolis " fo ey " MINES School of Mines Society. Regina Elizabeth Foley .... Stillwater ' Jean " ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. ; Students ' Catholic Association. Enock E. Forsberg Minneapolis " Enocker ' ARCHITECTURE Architectural Society 1, 2. 3; Engineers Society I; Interclass Baseball; Class Treasurer 3. Harry Gray Fortune ....;. St. Paul ENGINEERING Alpha Kappa Sigma; Crack Squad 3; Scabbard and Blade; Ist Lieutenant U. .M. C. C. ; Rifle Team Captain 3; A. S. M. E.; Y. M. C. A.; Track Numerals 1. Cora Fossen Starbuck PHARMACY Sigma Beta; Spatula; W. A. A.; Class Secretary- Treasurer 3. Paul E. Francis Minneapolis ENGINEERING Student Branch A. S. M. E. Mabel Lucille Franklin . . . Minneapolis " Mubs " EDUCATION W. S. G. A. 3; Y. W. C. A. 3. George Fraser St. Paul ARCHITECTURE Delta Chi; Cyma; Architectural Society; Board of Gov- ernors; Vice-president Junior Architects; Junior Ball Association; Minnehaha; Engineering Society; Class Presi- dent 1 ; Secretary 2. Winifred Frasier Eagle Bend HOME ECONOMICS Stout Institute; H. E. S. G. A.; Hesperian Literary Society. D ■ ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER Myrtle Frederickson New Ulm ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Camp Fire; Deutsche! Vercin. Gertrude Freeman St. Paul ACADEMIC Alpha Phi; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Treasurer Pinafore 2; Class Vice-president 3; Tani o ' Shanter; Students ' Catholic Association. Mary Freeman St. Paul ACADEMIC . lpha Phi; W. S. G. A.; Junior Advisor 2; Assistant Album Editor, Gopher. Staff; Students ' Catholic As- sociation; Class Secretary 2; Junior Representative to W. S. G. A. 3; Tam o ' Shanter. Floyd Friar Minneapolis engineering Alpha Sigma Phi; Scabbard and Blade; Engineering Society 1. 2; Rifle Club 1. 2, 3; Indoor Rifle Team 1, 2; Battery F I; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3. Irene Marie Friedl Gibbon ARTS AND MUSIC Sigma Beta; Music Club 1. 2. 3; Deutscher Verein 3; Students ' Catholic Association 1, 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Tam o ' Shanter. Irving Mitchell Frisch . law Minneapolis Forum; Polity Club; Pan-American; Prohibition Club; Zionist Club; Menorah Society; Gopher Staff; Junior Ball Association. Frank Froi.ik New Prague agriculture Alpha Zeta 3; Agricultural Dramatic Club 2. 3; Agri- cultural Education Club 3; Hesperian Literary Society 2. 3; Y. M. C. A. 2, 3; Komcnsky Club; " Back to the Farm " Cast 2, 3; " Partners " Cast 3; Live Stock Club 2. Hazel Pearl Fryckman . " Peach " NURSING Minneapolis Jeanette Frye St. Paul " Jeannie " ACADEMIC St. Mary ' s Hall; Junior Advisor; Tam o ' Shanter; W. S. G. A.; Minerva. David Harry Fullerton law Kappa Sigma. Brainerd ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Margaret Furst New Prague " «5B ., . = ACADEMIC Dcr Deutsche Verein Secretary 2, 3; Students ' Catholic Association. I HiLDE Gale Minneapolis ACADEMIC Kappa Alpha Theta ; Theta Epailon. William J. Gamble Minneapolis " Bill " MEDICINE PB : Forum; Class President 3. l i ' L r m r •■ ' ■■, ' . Walter Patterson Gamble . . . Minneapolis ' " - " agriculture Philomathian Literary Society 3; Live Stock Club 3. Roger Webb Gannett Minneapolis ii . K mines VK L School of Mines Society; Geological Club. iL 1 L i Ethel Maud Gardner St. Paul j •, _ ' ' tf academic ' ' ! --- f 7 W. S. C. a.; Tarn o Shantcr; Junior Mathematics Club. " - — " . . ■ — Wilbur Alonzo Gardner . Iowa Falls, Iowa P : B " " " Cupid " f; ' .. " ; tL ' ACADEMIC i y Alpha Tau Omega; Adelphian. ■• ' -. i, « LuciLE MiNA Garry Minneapolis ' Leon F. Gates Rochester , Leon " agriculture Y. M. C. A.; A. B. C. ?.. ' ' . •. i ,- Dorothy Gaver St. Paul ! ! ' S ;W ' lKMi MUSIC AND arts ' " ' ' ' Kappa Alpha Theta; Mu Phi Delta; Music Club. V-1 D ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ 157 THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C Philip James Geib, Jk. St. Paul ••Phil " ACADEMIC Phi Gamma Delta; University Catholic Association; Comedy of Errors 2; Assistant Organization Editor Gopher Staff; Adelphian Club; Rifle Club 2, 3. Florence Marguerite Gerlach . . . Barnum ACADEMIC Alpha Gamma Delta; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; W. A. A. Theron Gardner Gerow .... Minneapolis " Jerry " ENGINEERING Psi Upsilon; Theta Tau ; A. S. M. E.; Engineering Football 1 ; 1st Sergeant Battery F. Clayton Tupper Gibes .... Minneapolis ENGINEERING Christian Science Society 1, 2, 3; Engineering Society I, 2. Lucy B. Gibes Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Students ' Catholic Association; S. C. A. Board 3; W. A. A, Board 2. 3; Vice-president Bib and Tucker; Thalian Literary Society; Junior Advisor; S. C. A. Seminar. Silas Waldemar Giere .... Sacred Heart " Si " medicine Alpha Kappa Kappa. Lloyd Irvin Gilbert .... Casselton, N. D. " Gilly " DENTISTRY Band 1, 2. Wayne Gilbert Grand Rapids ACADEMIC Phi Kappa Psi. Harold W. Gillen Stillwater " Roundy " academic Phi Kappa Psi; Varsity Basketball 2, 3; Players 3; Chairman General Arrangements for " M " Banquet. Hazel Kirk Gipson Faribault ••Gip ' ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Junior Advisor; W. S. G. A. 1, 2; General Arrangements Committee 3. D ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE OOPHE-R George Girrbach Minneapolis AGRICULTURE School of Agriculture; Live Stock Club 1, 2, 3; Athenian Literary Society 1, 2; Minnesota Farm Review 1, 2, 3; Business Manager 2, 3. Alice Glenesk .... Aberdeen, Scotland " Scorry " ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Thalian Literary Society; Daily Re- porter 2; Sophomore Vaudeville; Junior Advisor; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Tarn o ' Shanter. Graham N. Glevsteen Lamberton ACADEMIC Soccer Team 1; Pan-American Society; Spanish Club. Mabel Globvig Minneapolis ACADEMIC Norwegian Literary Club; Tam o ' Shanter. Albert Gonska . . Duluth " Al " AGRICULTURE Gladys Goodnough Anoka " Goody " HOME ECONOMICS Stout Institute. Ellen Marguerite Goodrich . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC fj? Kappa Alpha Theta ; Y. W. C. A.; W. A- A.; W. S. li.S. G. A.; Junior Advisor. ,:Si. Theresa Gordon Hendrum " Tess " ACADEMIC Hamline University; W. S. G. A.; Tam o Shanter. Mildred Aurelia Grahn .... Minneapolis HOME economics Minnesota College; H. E. A. I, 2. 3; Y. W. C. A. 2, 3; H. E. S. G. A. 1. 2, 3; Representative on the H. E. S. C. A. Board 3; Junior Advisor 3; Girls ' Glee Club 3. Charles L. Grandin, Jr Minneapolis ACADEMIC Phi Kappa Psi; Sigma Delta Chi; Daily Reporter I; Night Editor 2; Symphony Orchestra 2. 159 3 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Charlotte L. Graner Kellogg HOME ECONOMICS Stout Institute; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Alma Grashy education y. w. c. a.; w. s. g. a. Ethel Graves Houston Rice EDUCATION St. Cloud Normal; Kappa Pi Sigma; W. S. G. A. 3; Y. W. C. A. 3; Suffrage Club 3. Robert Gray Campbell ••Bob " AGRICULTURE Pillsburv Academy; Delta Chi; Wing and Bow; Football " M " 1916; Tillicum; Gobblers. Walter Noel Greaza .St. Paul ' ■irally " ACADEMIC Delta Chi; Adelphian ; Christian Science Society 3; Masquers 3; " A Woman ' s Way " Cast 3; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. ; Economics Club 3. Morris Greenberc St. Paul ENGINEERING A. S. M. E. ; Intramural Baseball 1, 2; Aeronautical So- ciety 3; Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3. Marion Estelle Green man .... St. Paul ACADEMIC Alpha Xi Delta; Spanish Club 2, 3; French Club 3; W. A. A. 3; Y. W. C. A. 2; Class Social Committee 2; Junior Advisor; W. S. G. A. Paul Bennett Greig St. Paul ACADEMIC Macalester College; Phi Gamma Delta. Harry Griffin Argyle agriculture Ruth Griffith Minneapolis academic Tam o ' Shanter 3; W. A. A. 1, 3; W. S. G. A. 1. 2, 3; Christian Science Society 2, 3; Sophomore Vaudeville 2; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Geneva Club 3; Junior Advisor. =!■■■■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER Daviu Grimes Minneapolis " )aye " ENGINEERING Alpha Kappa Sigma; Scabbard and Blade; Board of Governora Minnesota Union; Ist Lieutenant U. M. C. C. Valborc Genevieve Grimscard . . Grove City • ' Vai " ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Scandinavian Society; Tarn o ' Shanter; Deutscher Verein. Bjorne Edgar Grottum Windom Mary Melicent Guinn Duluth EDUCATION W. A. A. 3; W. S. G. A. 3; Deutscher Verein 3; Tam o ' Shanter 3; Lc Cercle Francais 3. Ingeman Otto Gullings Detroit " Mr. Doc " DENTISTRY Minnesota College. Nels a. Gunderson .... Sheboygan, Wis. " Gunrfi ' e " medicine Kappa Sigma. Flora Minnetta Guy Minneapolis home economics H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Junior Advisor. Josephine Guy Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. C. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; Equal Suffrage Club; Tam o ' Shanter. Warner Hagberg Minneapolis " Hag " DENTISTRY Xi Psi Phi; Glee Club. Harry Humphrey Hacgart . . . Fargo, N. D. medicine Sigma Chi; Glee Club; Jazz Band 3; Symphony Orchestra 2; Interfraternity Basketball 2; Mu Phi Delta. THE, GOPHER Hazel Haley Hibbing ACADEMIC Students ' Catholic Assoc iation. Norma Pierce Hall ... Los Angeles, Cal. ACADEMIC Leland Stanford; Delta Gamma. William Winthrop Hall . . . Minneapolis " Win " MEDICINE Sergeant U. M. C. C. 1; Hospital Corps 2; Crack Squad 2; Y. M. C. A. I, 2, 3, 4. 5; B. S. Minnesota. Ethel Hallberc Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A.; Hockey 3. Jorgen Halvorsen .... Kristiania, Norway " Shorty " DENTISTRY Scandinavian Society; Y. P. S. Florance August Hammargren . . . Harris " Ham " AGRICULTURE School of Agriculture; Svithiod; Alpha Gamma Rho ; Athenian Literary Society. George E. Hammer Litchfield CHEMISTRY Alpha Delta Phi; Tillicum; Snake and Skull; School of Chemistry Society. Conrad Johan Hansen .... Minneapolis " Connie ' ACADEMIC Y. M. C. A. 3; Norwegian Literary Club 2, 3; Scandi- navian Society 1, 3; Scandinavian Plays 1 , 2, 3; Pro- hibition Club 3. Harlan C. Hansen .... Cedar Falls, Iowa " Jack " FORESTRY Phi Kappa Sigma; Varsity Football 2, 3; Forestry Club. Marie Hansen . Minneapolis " Hans " HOME ECONOMICS H. E. S. G. a.; Y. W. C. A.; Scandinavian Society. THE GOPHER Harriet Olive Hanson .... Elbow Lake HOME ECONOMICS H. E. S. C. A. 1, 2. 3; Y. W. C. A. I, 2, 3; Hesperian Literary Society 2, 3. William Arthur Hanson .... Rochester " BUI, " " Doc " MEDICINE Sigma Chi; Nu Sigma Nu; Adelphian. Elma Fredrica Hario Ely " Kitty " ACADEMIC V. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; Coarao- politan Club. Charles W. Harris St. Paul " Chuck ' ACADEMIC Delta Chi; Adelphian; Gobblers; Winner Vi, V2, and 1-mile skating races at All-University Carnival 1915; Intramural Football and Baseball I. James Fowler Hart Minneapolis ACADEMIC Daily Reporter 2; Daily Night Editor 2; Sophomore Vaudeville 2; 2nd Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3. Henry Edward Hartig .... Minneapolis ENGINEERING Alpha Kappa Sigma; Tau Beta Pi; Class President 2; Engineering Student Council 3; Engineering Representa- tive Gopher- Henry W. Hartle Owatonna " Hank " AGRICULTURE Sigma Phi Epsilon ; Alpha Zeta; Ist Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3; Ag Booster Club. Gertrude Clara Hartman . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC St. Margaret ' s Academy; Alpha Omicron Pi; Students Catholic Association ; W. S. G. A. ; Tam o ' Shanter. Walter Rudolph Hartmann .... Aurelia " £22 " ACADEMIC Concordia College, St. Paul; Phi Delta Kappa; Deutschcr Verein. Walter Henry Hartunc .... Welcome ACADEMIC Band I, 2; Deutschcr Verein; Y. M. C. A. ■ ■ ■ :]■■■■ THE- GOPHER George J. Hathaway Minneapolis MEDICINE Alpha Kappa Kappa; Scabbard and Blade. Mary Hathaway Minneapolis " Mamie " ACADEMIC Tarn o ' Shanter; W. S. G. A. Stillman J. Hathaway Northfield MEDICINE Carleton College; Y, M. C. A. Elmer Haucberg Minneapolis " Oozie " DENTISTRY Xi Psi Phi. George Haugsten Two Harbors agriculture Ag Booster Club; Y. M. C. A.; Agricultural Junior Basketball Team. George Wesley Haoser . . Cedar Falls, Iowa " Tiny " FORESTRY Phi Kappa Sigma; Forestry Club; Varsity Football 2, 3; Track 3; Gobblers 2, 3. Karl William Hauser St. Paul " CuUy " academic Theta Delta Chi; TiUicum; Mines Hockey Team 2. Louis Arthur Hauser . .... St. Paul Louie " academic Beta Theta Pi; Skull and Crescent; Varsity Track 2; Varsity Cross-country 2; " M " Club; Board of Governors Minnesota Union ; Freshmen Track 1. LuDwic Julius Hauser .... Minneapolis " Lud " ACADEMIC Alpha Sigma Phi; President Deutscher Verein ; Shakopean Literary Society. Helen Catherine Haverstock . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ED C Kimball Hawkey Minneapolis CHEMISTRY Students ' Catholic Association. Arnold Hawkinson Virginia " Bear " AGRICULTURE Alpha Gamma Rho ; Freshman Football 1 ; Athletic Board of Control 3; Intramural Athletics 1, 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. Commission. Anna Victoria Hawkinson .... Harris " Vide Ann " EDUCATION W. S. G. A. 3; Suffrage Cluh 3. Hazel Haywood Osakis academic Macalcster; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; Suffrage Club. Dorothy Heath Minneapolis " Dm " Alpha Gamma Delta; Theta Sigma Pi; Daily 2; Y. W. C. A.; Promotion Force; W. S. G. A. Irene Alyda Hedin " Rene " Minneapolis home economics Sigma Beta 1. 2, 3; Philomathian 2, 3; H. E. S. C. A. 1, 2, 3; H. E. A.; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; W. A. A. Camp Fire 2, 3; Representative to H. E. S. G. A. 2 Home Economics Representative to 1918 Gopher Staff Ag Girls ' Glee Club. Marie Heide Minneapolis ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Wells College I, 2; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A. Hastings Agnes Marie Heinen . . . . " A " HOME ECONOMICS Stout Institute. Hilda Marie Hellriegel . . Mobridge, S. D. " HiUy " academic Deutscher Verein 2. 3; Tam o ' Shanter; W. A. . . ; Y. W. C. A. 1; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3. Alexander Helmick Minneapolis ACADEMIC Zeta Psi ; Economics Club; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. Symphony Orchestra 2; Daily Reporter 2; Adelphian. ■ ' flTVTifV sVf J ■ ■ ■ ■ c ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHE-R ■ 7 ■ ■ I ■VI. ' .Vv. ' .v . fi X " Caroline Helmick Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Trailers; Junior Advisor. Minnie Helstein Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Equal Suffrage Club; Tam o ' Shanter; Menorah Society. Edna Helwec Fulda ACADEMIC Sigma Beta; Tain o ' Shanter; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Gladys Hendrickson Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. 3; W. A. A. 3; W. S. G. A. 3; Tam o ' Shanter. Myron Herbert . . . Kijnigsberg, Germany ACADEMIC Konigsberg Gymnasium ; Cosmopolitan Club ; Economics Club. Myron Tilman Herreid .... Blair, Wis. " Chancellor " ARTS AND CHEMISTRY Edgar Thomas Herrmann .... St. Paul MEDICINE Alpha Kappa Kappa; Minnesota Magazine 2, 3, 4; Kawa 2, 3; -Silent Woman " 3, 4. Sidney Brown Heywood . . academic Phi Kappa Sigma. . Minneapolis Gerhard Hiebert Mountain Lake " Shorty " DENTISTRY Harry H. Hill Elk River AGRICULTURE Philomathian Literary Society; Ag Booster Club; Live Stock Club; Y. M. C. A. 16« THE GOPHER Christian Hilleboe Minneapolis ACADEMIC University of Nortli Dakota 1; Univeraity of Michigan 2; Delta Upsilon. Amanda Marie Hilmen Crookston " Mandy " NURSING Marie Hinderer St. Paul ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Thalian; Junior Advisor; Y. W. C. A. Marion L. Hinkley Champlin ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 3. Alexander Hirsch Austin ACADEMIC Northwestern 1, 2. William Temple Hoard .... Montevideo " Stein " ACADEMIC Tau Kappa Epsilon. Ida Hodgson Herman home economics State Science School, Wahpeton, N. D. ; H. E. S. 0. A. John Wesley Hoffmann St. Paul " Wes " academic Greek Club 1, 2, 3 ; Deutscher Verein 3; Y. M. C. A. 2, 3. Thorfin R. Hogness Minneapolis CHEMISTRY Alpha Chi Sigma; Class Vice-president 3; Orchestra 1, 2; Chemistry Council 2, 3. Susan Cecelia Hohmann St. Paul LAW Hamline University Ph.B. 1899; M.A. 1910; University of Paris. " La Sorbonne, " Paris, France, 1906-07; University of Washington ; High School Principal at New Ulin, Vir- ginia, and Stillwater; Le Cercle Francais. 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE- GOPHER Ella Marguerite Hoiland Benson " Hoy " academic W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Scandinavian Society: Tarn o ' Shanter; Norwegian Literary Society; Deutscher Vcrein. Raymond Morris Hoitomt -Ray " DENTISTRY Minneapolis Rushford Joseph Carl Holcer " Joe " agriculture Agricultural Education Clul) ; Y. M. C. A. Hillard Herman Holm Carver medicine Macalester College B.A. 1915; Phi Rho Sigma. Doris Holt Utica ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; W. A. A. August Herman Francke Homme . Minneapolis DENTISTRY Zeta Kappa 2; Band 2; Student Council; College of Dentistry. Herman Julius Hookom Spicer H ook-em-cow " AGRICULTURE Agricultural Education Club; Ag Booster Club; Y. M. C. A. Minnie Horn Y. w. c. A. St. Paul home economics Elsie Mae Horton North Branch home economics Arcme; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A. ; H. E. A.; Hes- perian Literary Society; Agricultural College Girls ' Glee Club. Fred Wesley Hotchkiss St. James engineering A. I. E. E. 3; Engineers ' Society 1, 2; Minnesota Radio Society 3. THE, GOPHER Cora Emily Houghton . . . North Girard, Pa. ACADEMIC Theta Epsilon Literary Society 3; Treasurer Y. W. C. A. Membership Committee 3; Treasurer Shevlin Board 3: Junior Advisor; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A.; Liberal Associa- tion 2. Roy Milton How ...... Cambridge DENTISTRY Ruth Hovvahd Minneapolis ACADEMIC Pi Beta Phi; Minerva Literary Society; Junior Advisor; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A. George Samuel Hoyt ' Cocksure George " MEDICINE Cloquet Chung Hsieh Kirin City, China " Liu Sung " MINES Cosmopolitan Club; Chinese Students ' Allies in U. S. ; Chinese Students ' Club; Chinese Musical Activities. Harold Grant Huey Minneapolis LAW Delta Kappa Epsilon ; Phi Delta Phi 3; Adelphian 1; Snake and Skull 2; Tavern 3. Alice Humphrey St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A. 1, 2. 3; H. E. S. G. A. 1. 2. 3; H. E. A. 2. 3; Class Representative on the H. E. A. Board 3; Agricultural College Girls ' Club 3; Junior Advisor 3. Gertrude Huntley Rush City w. s. G. A. ' •Cer( " ACADEMIC St. Paul Marjorie Seaman Hurd .... " Margie " ACADEMIC Gamma Phi Beta ; Theta Epsilon ; Society Editor Gopher Daily Reporter 2; Assistant Society Editor of Daily 2 Vice-president Class 2; Sophomore Vaudeville; Tam o Shanter; W. S. G. A.; W, A. A.; Pan-Hellenic; Junior Class Social Committee. Blanche Husby Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. 1. 2. 3; W. A. A. 2, 3; Tam o ' Shanter; Y. W. C. A. 1; Hockey 2, 3. THE GOPHE R Gordon Eugene Hyde St. Paul ACADEMIC Chi Psi; Tavern; Skull and Crescent; Snake and Skull; Carrick Club; " Lady Frederick " ; " The Hero of Santa Maria " ; Masquers; Varsity Hockey 2; Adelphian. Fred S. Idtse Ada AGRICULTURE Alpha Zeta; Hesperian; Y. M. C. A. Commission 1, 2, 3; Board of Governors of Agricultural Branch of Men ' s Union 3; Ag Booster Club 2, 3; Class Treasurer 3; Intramural Football; Interclass Basketball; Agricultural Men ' s Glee Club. Brainerd George Henry Ilse agriculture Alpha Gamma Rho ; Agricultural College Quartet 3; Hesperian 2, 3; Agricultural Education Club 3; Live Stock Club 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Ag Booster Club 1, 2, 3. Guy Ernest Ingersoll Hibbing " Ingie " MINES Acacia; Sigma Rho; President Pan-American Society 2; Secretary Spanish Club 2; School of Mines Society 1, 2, 3; Secretary-Treasurer Minnesota Geological Club; Junior Ball Association. Ruth Adelina Jacobs Minneapolis " Boots " ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Euterpean. Arthur M. Jacobson " Jake " AGRICULTURE Hadley tilis Athenian Literary Society 3; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Live Stock Club; Agricultural Education Club 3. John Alfred Janzen .... Mountain Lake ACADEMIC Sigma Nu. Paul Jaroscak Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Sigma Phi; Freshman-Sophomore Debate 2; Forensic League Debates 2; Forensic League Oratorical Contest 2 ; Extension Debates ; Secretary Shakopean Lit- erary Society 2; Vice-president Prohibition Club 2; Presi- dent International Polity Club 3; Intercollegiate Debate 3; Delta Sigma Rho 3. Doris Ruth Jenkins . . Chippewa Falls, Wis. ACADEMIC Delta Gamma; Theta Epsilon 2, 3; W. S. G. A.; Euter- pean; Suffrage Club 2; Junior Advisor. G. Elmer Jennings Minneapolis " Jenny " LAW North Dakota University ; Phi Delta Phi ; Students Catholic Association; Intramural Football. THE GOPHER Carey Morgan Jensen .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Deutscher Verein 2; Y. M. C. A. 3. Carl Christian Jensen Denmark ACADEMIC Cooper Institute; 2n l Vice-president Cosmopolitan Club 3; Sharpsliooter Company I 1; Won the Cup in Minne- sota Magazine, " Roughing It. " Harry C. Jensen Hutchinson MEDICINE Joseph Arthur Jensen .... Wilmot, S. D. " Joe " academic Tau Kappa Epsiion ; Scandinavian Society 3; Norwegian Literary Club 3. Helen Catherine Jenswold .... Dulutli academic Gamma Phi Beta; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A., Roy Einer Jernstrom .... Minneapolis " Speed Scammon " medicine Ralston Jerrard St. Paul " Dick " architecture Cyma ; Architectural Society 2. 3; Engineering Society; Gopher Art Staff; Sergeant U. M. C. C. 2; Y. M. C- A. Walther L. Jerrard St. Cloud " Jerry, " " Buddy " MINES Kappa Sigma; Sigma Rho; Adelphian; Swimming Squad 1, 3; School of Mines Society 1, 2, 3; Class Sec- retary 2, 3. Hetty Joach New Prague HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Hesperian 2, 3; H. E. S. G. A.; Literary Play 2. Arnold Theodore Johnson . . . Two Harbors " Bunks " ENGINEERING A. I. E. E-; Scandinavian Society; Engineering Society; Intramural Baseball 1, 2. If - THE, GOPHE-R SM I ' ll s S ti •f .-. A-SM, " ■Vr. ' - ' (■■ B. Fillmore Johnson Minneapolis " B. f. " ENGINEERING Delta Upsilon ; Sigma Delta Psi ; Varsity Track 2 ; Engi- neers ' Society; Assistant Sporting Editor 1918 Gopher Staff. Beatrice Lizette Johnson .... Audubon " Johnnie " HOME ECONOMICS Athenian; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A. Donald Lee Johnson St. Paul " Don " CHEMISTRY Macalcster College; Alpha Chi Sigma. Ellsworth J. Johnson Windom " Ar MEDICINE George A. Johnson Willmar " Spottes " DENTISTRY Delta Sigma Delta. Gladys Mae Johnson Buhl " Johnny " ACADEMIC Carleton Cluh; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Glenn Johnson Austin AGRICULTURE Harry Julius Johnson .... Eagle Bend AGRICULTURE Alpha Gamma Rho; Hesperian Literary Society 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Ag Booster Club 2, 3; Agricultural Education Club 3; Agricultural Dramatic Club 2; " Kind- ling of the Hearth Fire " Cast 2. Herbert E. Johnson . . . ; . . Waseca " Bank " dentistry Delta Sigma Delta; Class Treasurer and Secretary. Inez Harriett Johnson . . . Mayville, N. D. NURSING THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C Raymond E. Johnson St. Paul DENTISTRY Kappa Sigma. Russell Victor Johnson .... Lanesboro ACADEMIC Kappa Sigma; Sigma Rho; Adelphian. Ruth Theresa Johnson .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; Deutscher Vcrcin; W. A. A. ; Monica Evelyn Jones .... Minneapolis " Mow " home economics Delta Delta Delta; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A.: Ijyy Masquers; " A Woman ' s Way " Cast; Euterpean ; Christian Jv-jW : ' Science Society. Neil Robert Jones Mazeppa agriculture . .Agricultural Education Club. ■ ' r Ralph Herbert Joseph . . . Iroquois, S. D. " Jo " academic V LoRAlNE Joyce St. Paul EDUCATION Oshkosh State Normal School; W. A. A.; Students ' ..; Catholic Association. M. Taylor Joyner St. Cloud ' ' ' " Tate " EDUCATION il St. Cloud Normal School; Phi Delta Kappa; Class Vice- i;-: ' president 3. ' .■■■ - Florence Jules Minneapolis " Flo " ACADEMIC Alpha Garama Delta; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Chairman of ■■,Ji:.s:v. ' « Special Finance Committee of Y. W. C. A. 3; W. A. A. V- aJ ' 1. 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Treasurer W. S. G. A. 3; g CfS Pan-Hellenic 3; Minerva Literary Society 3; Junior Advisor. ' ■ :m Charles Haskell Juster .... Minneapolis 1 " ; ENGINEERING HL Intramural Football; Menorah Society. | H THL GOPHER ■ ■ ■ Justin O. Juvrud Rothsay " Jud " AGRICULTURE Y. M. C. A.; Band 1, 2, 3; Agricultural Club. David Kadesky Aberdeen, S. D. " Doc " MEDICINE Martin Kahner Minneapolis " Conny " LAW Xi Psi Theta; Runner Up in All-University Singles, Handball Tournament 1; Menorah Society; Zionist Club; All-University Handball Champion Doubles 3. Seeman Kaplan ...... " Minneapolis " Kap " ARCHITECTURE Architectural Society 1, 2, 3; Chief Artist 1918 Gopher; Engineers ' Society 1; Class Secretary 3; Menorah Society; Zionist Club; Intramural Baseball 1, 2. Mary Catherine Kealy . . . Hammond, Wis. " Mate ' ACADEMIC St. Catherine ' s College; Students ' Catholic Association; Tarn o ' Shanter. Harold C. Keen Minneapolis " Bee " engineering Delta Upsilon ; Crack Squad 2; Engineers ' Society 1; Gopher Board 3. Louis S. Kelehan Granite Falls " Kelly " AGRICULTURE Ag Booster Club; Students ' Catholic Association; Hes- perian Literary Society; Intersociety Debate 2, 3. May Lou Ella Kellerhals .... St. Paul " Kelly " ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A.; Suffrage Club. C. William Kelsey ..... Minneapolis " Bill " DENTISTRY Zeta Kappa; Class President 1, 2. Roger L. J. Kennedy St. Paul " fiog " MEDICINE Delta Chi; Masquers; Students ' Catholic Association; Organization Editor Gopher 3; Vice-president Adel- phian 2. ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE GOPHE.R Herbert J. Kessel .St. Paul CHEMISTRY Alpha Chi Sigma ; Intramural Tennis 2 ; Gopher Repre- sentative School of Chemistry 3; All-University Tennis Committee 3; Class Treasurer 3; Chemistry Students ' Council 3. Irene Olive Keyes ....... Duluth ACADEMIC Randolph Mason Women ' s College; Gamma Phi Beta; Thalian Literary Society 3; French Club 3. Bessie King Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Gamma Delta; Y. W. C. A.; Minerva Literary Society: W. S. G. A.; Junior Advisor; Daily Reporter 2; W. A. A.; Tam o ' Shantcr. George Lynn King . . . Chippewa Falls, Wis. " Kmg " MEDICINE Frederick Kirkpatrick . . . Parkers Prairie DENTISTRY Virgil Kirkpatrick Black duck " Kirk Virgil Patrick " DENTISTRY loNE Delore Kirscher Little Falls academic Delta Gamma; Minerva; Euterpean; Secretary W. A. A. 2; Junior Advisor. Francis R. Kitzmann Faribault " Kill " ACADEMIC Ray Charles Kivley Appleton engineering A. S. M. E. Edgar Kleffman Hibbing " Eddie " LAW Delta Theta Phi; Freshman Football; Varsity Football 2. 3; Athletic Editor of Gopher; Academic Basketball 1; Students ' Catholic Association. D ■ ■ ■ ■ g: D ■ ■ ■ TH GOPHER Lydia Kleffman ACADEMIC Esther Ellen Kleist " PUl " EDUCATION Hibbing Garner, Iowa Mankato Slate Normal School; W. A. A. 3; Y. W. C. A. 3; Stutlrnt Volunteor 3. Faith Knickerbocker Staples ACADEMIC Liberal Association 1; W. S. G. A. 1. 2, 3; Junior Advisor. Marcellus Knoblauch Excelsior ■ ■Knobby " AGRICULTURE Alpha Gamma Rho ; Athenian Literary Society 1. 2. 3; Students Catholic Association 3; Agricultural Education Club 3: Agricultural Dramatic Club 3; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2. 3; Ag Booster Club 1. 2, 3; Men ' s Glee Club 3; " Partners " Cast 3. Alfred Smith Knowlton ■■Al " ACADEMIC White Bear Lake Anton Kolda Savage, Mont. ■■Smiles " ACADEMIC St. Thomas College. Ruth D. Kolling Duluth HOME ECONOMICS H. E. A.; H. E. S. G. A.; Trailers I. 2, 3; Agricultural Girls ' Glee Club 3; H. E. S. G. A. Entertainment Com- mittee 3. Herman J. Kooiker Hull, Iowa ■■Kooik " MEDICINE University of Iowa. Harriet Dorothy Koopman .... St. Paul ■■Kewpie " HOME ECONOMICS Stout Institute; H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. A.; Agricultural Girls ' Glee Club. EUWIN H. KoPPLIN ■■Kop " ACADEMIC Sigma Alj ha Epsilon; Adelphian. Litchfield ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHE,R ■ B ■ Andrew Anthony Kozitza .... Mapleton " C(ie5ar " AGRICULTURE Agricultural College Orchestra 1 ; Students ' Catholic As- sociation 2, 3; Agricultural Education Club 3. Pauline Elizabeth Kraft . . . Minneapolis " Judge, " " Paul " academic Deutschcr Verein 2; Y. W. C. A. 2; W. S. C. A. 3. Fred Alfred Krantz lona ••Friti " agriculture Athenian Literary Society; Students ' Catholic Associa- tion; Y. M. C- A- Paul Kruse . • Minneapolis " Shorty " ACADEMIC Tilford Academy; Kappa Sigma- Frank Kuehn New Ulni ACADEMIC Deutscher Verein 2. 3; Shakopean 3- • Elsner Godfrey Kuhn St. Paul " Al " ACADEMIC Dorothy Anna Kurtzman . . . Minneapolis NURSING Ralph Harold Kurtzman . . . Minneapolis " Kurtz " ACADEMIC Sigma Chi. Cecilia La Bossiere St. Paul " Ceil " ACADEMIC Clara Gertrude Ladner St. Cloud " Laddie " HOME ECONOMICS Philomathian Literary Society 1, 2. 3; Students ' Catholic Association; H- E. S- G. A.; H. E. A.; Class Vice- president 3; Trailers ' Club 1, 2, 3; Agricultural College Girls ' Glee Club 3. THE GOPHE R Francis X. La Ferriere .... Minneapolis LAW John George La Ffeniere .... St. Paul " Jack Larry " DENTISTRY Delta Sigma Delta; Intramural Baseball 1, 2; Students Catholic Association. Ruby Laird Dalton, Mass. ACADEMIC Gamma Phi Beta; Sophomore Vaudeville; Spanish Play 2; Daily Reporter 2; Membership Commiilee Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A. Gladys Lamson Lindstrom " Glad " ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Tam o ' Shanter. Clarence O. Lande .... Northwood, Iowa LAW Herman Lande Northwood, Iowa LAW Ruth Landers Minneapolis ACADEMIC Kappa Kappa Gamma. ' NiTA Lance Pipestone ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; Areme Club; Junior Class Entertainment Committee. Arthur H. Langhoff Mankato Hamline University; Phi Rho Sigma; Chemistry Assistant at Hamline University 3. Monica Langtry Minneapolis " Monnie " ACADEMIC Pi Beta Phi; Masquers 1. 2. 3; Secretary 3; Students Catholic Association; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Sopho- more Vaudeville 2; Tam o ' Shanter; Daily Reporter 2; Exchange Editor 3; Acanthus Literary Society. 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ THt GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C Chauncey Murdock Larsen .... St. Paul AGRICULTURE Hesperian Literary Society; Intramural Baseball I, 2; Intramural Basketball 1, 2. 3; Agricultural College Rep- resentative on Intramural Sports Committee; Ag Boosters Club; Y. M. C. A. Clarence Melvin Larsen .... Crookston " Scoop ' academic 2nd Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3. Alpha Katheryne Larson .... Winthrop HOME ECONOMICS H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A.; Atiienian Literary Society; Junior Advisor. Effie Larsen Minneapolis " Kewpie " NURSING Class President 3; Nurse Representative 1918 Gopher. Amandus Chester Larson . . . Minneapolis ENGINEERING Arnold Larson Mabel " Arnif " MEDICINE Thulanian. Helen Ingeborg Larson St. Paul education Kappa Pi Sigma; W. S. G. A.; Scandinavian Society. Leroy James Larson Fargo, N. D. MEDICINE Phi Beta Pi: Glee Club 2. 3; University Orchestra 2; Medic Representative 1918 Gopher. Carrie Louise Lauer . . . Thomasville, Penn. home economics York Collegiate Institute: Athenian Literary Society; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. a.; H. E. A. Vernon George Lauer .... Minneapolis ' Skinnay " DENTISTRY ::■■■■ THE GOPHE R Willis M. Lawson Anoka " Biir AGRICULTURE Svithiod; Philomathian Literary Society: Scandinavian Society; Ag Booster Club; Assistant Organization Editor Gopher StalT. Gladys Nita Leathers .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. 1. 2, 3; W. S. C. A. 1, 2, 3; W. A. A. 3; Equal Suffrage Club 3 ; Tani o Shantcr. Blanche Luerelia Lee .... Sauk Centre HOME economics Phi Upsilon Omicron ; Y. W. C. A. 1. 2. 3; Philomathian Literary Society I, 2. 3; H. E. A.; H. E. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Student Council 3. Cloyde Williams Lee Northfield " Ching " DENTISTRY Carlcton College; Sigma Nu. Ernest Thomas Lee Glenwood DENTISTRY Liang Lee Ningyuan, China ' Letand " MINES School of Mines. Hupeh, China; Cosmopolitan Club; School of Mines Society. Eleanor Leerskov Minneapolis ACADEMIC Acanthus; Junior Advisor; Y. W. C. A. Committee Chainnan; W. S. C. A.; W. A. A.; Suffrage Club; Tarn o ' Shanter. Grace Frances Leichton .... Minneapolis " Grade " ACADEMIC Students ' Catholic Association; W. S. G. A.; Tam o Shanter. Roy F. Lenhart ....;. Minneapolis " Len " AGRICULTURE Kappa Sigma. LuELLA Lenz Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Tam o ' Shanter. THE . GOPHER Louise Maxey Leonard St. Paul ACADEMIC Alpha Phi; Players ' Club 1; Secretary Players Club 3; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet; French Club; Junior Advisor; House Council. Jake Mose Levin . . . . . . Minneapolis ENGINEERING Menorah Society; Engineering Society 1, 2. Charles Louis Lick St. Paul " XiAre ' MEDICINE Phi Rho Sigma; Students Catholic Association; Medic Football Team. Eugene J. Lilly St. Paul ENGINEERING St. Thomas College; Psi Upsilon ; Students Catholic Association; Sophomore Vaudeville. Carl John Lind Palmarito, Cuba ACADEMIC Minnesota College. Harvey B. Lindholm Minneapolis ACADEMIC Earl Bud Lindoo Ladysmith, Wis. " Bud " PHARMACY Phi Delta Chi. Esther Lillian Lins Rockford, 111. ACADEMIC Rockford College. Joseph C. Lippman Virginia AGRICULTURE Live Stock Club; Y. M. C. A.; Menorah; Bee Keeping Club; Ag Booster Club. Morris H. Litman Dulutli " Ail MEDICINE Menorah 1, 2, 3; Cosmopolitan Club 3; Medic Swimming Team 3. ■ ■ ■ H ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Nettie Irene Little Le Sueur " Net " HOME ECONOMICS H. E. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. A. Frances Randolph Lobdell . . . Minneapolis HOME ECONOMICS Delta Camma ; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 3; Junior Advisor; H. E. S. G. A. Board 1. Marie Lobdell Minneapolis ACADEMIC Delta Gamma; Minerva; Y. W. C. A. I. 2. 3; W. A. A. 2. 3; W. S. G. A. 3; Freshman Commission 1; Junior Advisor 3. Rudolph Charles Locefeil . . . Minneapolis " Loge " medicine Junior Medic Representative Intramural Sports Committee. Clare Long Minneapolis " Shorty " ACADEMIC Sigma Alpha Epsilon ; Athletic Board of Control; Varsity Football 2, 3 ; Skull and Crescent. Joseph D. Lowe River Falls, Wis. LAW Delta Chi; Forum; Students Catholic Association. Thomas A. Lowe Hadley Phi Rho Sigma. Arthur E. Lucian Crookston ' Lucy " DENTISTRY Zeta Kappa; Students Catholic Association; Rifle Club. Alice Bernice Ludwic " Al " HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A. Minneapolis Frieda Luge " FHtzie " ACADEMIC Cherokee, Iowa Tarn o ' Sfaanter. THE GOPHER Irving Joseph Luger Minneapolis " rue " ACADEMIC Phi Gamma Delta; Forum 2; Students Catholic Associa- tion 3; Daily Reporter 2; Daily Athletic Editor 2, 3; Sophomore Vaudeville; Treasurer Interfraternity Athletic Association 2, 3. Harald H. Lund Luck, Wis. ACADEMIC Sigma Phi Epsilon ; Daily Reporter 1; Night Editor 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. Cabinet 3. Theodore Christian Lund . " Ted " MEDICINE Dana College. Salt Lake City David Lundeen Minneapolis law Delta Chi; Delta Sigma Rho; Debate 3, 4; Shakopean Literary Society; University Weeks 3, 4. JOSIE LuNDQUIST Vaxjij ACADEMIC Glenn Howard Lyon . . . Iowa Falls, Iowa " Lyons " ARCHITECTURE Ellsworth College; Architectural Society 3; Secretary Rifle Club; 2nd Lieutenant U. M. C. C. ; Engineering Society. John Eugene Lysen Lowry ' Gene " EDUCATION Svithiod; Scandinavian Society 2. 3; Shakopean Literary Society 3; Intersociety Debate; Prohibition Club; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2, 3; 2nd Lieutenant U. M. C. C. ; Education Representative Gopher Staff. Marian Scott McCall " Mac " " Billy " home economics Minneapolis Y. W. C. A. 1, 2. 3; H. E. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; W. A. A. I, 2, 3; Philomathian 2. 3; Christian Science Society 1. 2, 3; Trailers 2, 3; Class Secretary 1; " Back to the Farm " Cast; " The Fortune Hunter " ; Campfire 2, 3. Charles Edward McCarthy " Mac " Madelia agriculture Carleton College; Phi Beta Kappa; Delta Sigma Rho; Secretary-Treasurer Webster Literary Club 3. Mark A. McCarty Mapleton " Mac, " " Doc " AGRICULTURE Students ' Catholic Association ; Agricultural College Stu- dents ' Council 2; Agricultural Education Club 3. D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Clara McCluskey Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; W. A. A. 1, 2, 3; W. S. A. 2. W. S. McDuFFEE Minneapolis •■Billy " ACADEMIC Alpha Delia Phi. PK» ' Lloyd McFarlane Parkers Prairie medicine Alpha Kappa Kappa; Battery " F " 1, 2; Northwestern Ath- L « letic Contest 1 ; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2, 3. Ruth Wakefield McGarvey Minneapolis 1 ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Tarn o ' Shanter; Junior Mathematics Club. . . .™ „...„ ....... s.. P.. MEDICINE B. A. ' 16. Minnesota ; Zeta Psi ; Nu Sigma Nu ; Players ; L__ - X. i l ' Varsity Basketball 2, 3 ; President Junior Ball Associa- . Mi tion 1915. ■ ,.. : James Arthur McGinn Brainerd mUm DENTISTRY SsS Delta Sigma Delta; Students ' Catholic Association; Class Vice-president 3. -. Dorothy McGraw Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y, W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; W. A. A. Board 3; W. S. G. A. Board 3; Class Basketball Team 1. 2; Winner Athletic Seal for girls 1; Winner Girls Tennis Tournament 1, 2, 3; Sophomore Vaudeville 2; Tarn o ' Shanter; Students ' Council 3; Junior Advisor; Geneva Club. Ethel McHuch Duluth ACADEMIC Students ' Catholic Association. Evelyn J. McKenna Cloquet " Ev " ACADEMIC t_ . Students ' Catholic Association. llUaH rf iliR9t ' « Walter Harold McKinny .... Appleton ' - j " Mkc " •i SH Biy—f I ■ M DENTISTRY ' S waS r " ■ ' ' ' " - ' Battery " F " 1st Minnesota F. . . ; Intramural Baseball VlJWA. ' .- ■ ■ ; and Football. p THE GOPHE,R Inalan ' e Macuire Excelsior " Irish " NUR SING W. S. C. A. 1; Bib and Tucker 1. Erma Madera Lyle HOME ECONOMICS Athenian Literary Society; H. E. S. C. A.; Y, W. C. A. Secretary 3. Gage Mace Mankato EDUCATION Mankato Normal School; Sigma Nu 3; Rifle Club 3. David Leslie Mackintosh .... Stillwater AGRICULTURE Sigma Phi Epsilon ; Live Stock Club; Webster Literary Club : Ag Booster Club. Frances MacKechnie Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Gamma Delta; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Tam o Shanter. Mercedes MacDonald . . " Pat " ACADEMIC Flora Jane Macdonald " Flora Mac " St. Paul St. Paul ACADEMIC Theta Sigma Phi; Daily Reporter 1; Daily Assistant Exchange Editor 1; Daily Assistant Assignment Editor 2; Editor-in-chief Feminist Edition of Daily 1. 2; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2; W. A. A. 1; W. S. G. A. 1. 2. 3; Kappa Rho 1, 2. 3; Bib and Tucker 1; Pinafore 2; Tam o ' Shanter 3; Daily Staff Girls ' Club 2; President Thirty Club 2, 3; Cosmopolitan Club 3; Prohibition Club 3; Suffrage Club 1, 3; Publicity Committee Sophomore Class 2; Assistant Photographer 1917 Gopher; Geneva Club 3; " A Sisterly Scheme " Cast. Wendell Scott McRae St. Paul ACADEMIC Macalester College 1, 2; Beta Theta Pi; Masquers 3. Jessie M. McQueen .... home economics Mapleton Phi Upsilon Omicron; Athenian Literary Society; Areme Club; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A. LuciLE McKnight Kappa Pi Sigma. Rochester EDUCATION J . . . THE, GOPHE R D ■ ■ ■ ■ James L. Markham Alma City ACADEMIC Sigma Delta Chi; Students ' Catliolic Association; Daily Night Editor; Gopher Staff; Castalian; Durham Club. Cora Attielee Martin Luverne HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Sophomore Vaude- ville; Masquers; Agricultural Dramatic Club; Assistant Album Editor 1918 Gopher Staff. Dorothy Jean Martin .... Neillsville, Wis. ACADEMIC Alpha Xi Delta; Y. W. C. A. Mary Anne Martin Minneapolis ACADEMIC Kappa Alpha Theta; Thalian Literary Society; Secretary W. S. G. A. 2; Women ' s Academic Council 3; Junior Advisor; Women ' s Athletic Editor 1918 Gopher. Peter Vassil Masica Minneapolis " Peter Vee " ACADEMIC Symphony Orchestra. Eunice Mason Minneapolis " limps " HOME ECONOMICS H. E. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; H. E. A. 2, 3; Junior Advisor. Paul Matson Minneapolis " Maltie " ACADEMIC Macalester College. Chester James Mattson .... Minneapolis " Matt, " " Chett " engineering Phi Delta Theta. Frank A. R. Mayer .... East Grand Forks LAW Delta Theta Phi; Grey Friars; " M " Club; Varsity Foot- ball ' 14, ' 16; President Junior Ball Association; Students ' Catholic Association. Lloyd Meacham Edgerton " Meach " DENTISTRY Xi Psi Phi. D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C Frederick Gregory Medcalf .... St. Paul " Greg " ACADEMIC Macalester College; Phi Gamma Delta. Dorothy Meder Minneapolis arts and MUSIC Music Club 3; Y. W. C. A. 1; W. S. G. A. 3. Ella Mehlhouse Dysart, Iowa ACADEMIC Iowa University 1, 2; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2; W. S. G. A. 3; Tam o ' Shanter 3; W. A. A. 2. Oscar A. Melander DENTISTRY Gustavus Adolphus College. Duluth k ■ ' ■ C. Harold Metcalf .... Primghar, Iowa " Man " ACADEMIC Alpha Delta Phi; Skull and Crescent; Adelphian; Spanish Club. Isahel Metcalf Primghar, Iowa ACADEMIC Morningside College. George Andrew Meyler .... Geneva, Ohio LAW Oliver Maurice Michaels . . . Minneapolis •■Mike " ENGINEERING A. S. M. E. ; 2nd Lieutenant Battery " F. " Stanley Raymond Mickelsen ... St. Paul ENGINEERING Kappa Sigma; Glee Club; Crack Squad. Frederick Miller Long Prairie AGRICULTURE ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER George Wallace Miller St. Paul ENGINEERING Tht ' ta Tail; Students ' Catholic Association; Engineering Student Council 3; Class President 3. Herbert John Miller Heron Lake " Croat ' LAW Sigma Alpha Epsilon ; Phi Delta Phi; Skull and Crescent: Sophomore Vaudeville; Extension Debating; Advertising Manager of Daily ; Business Manager of Daily ; Student Chairman Y. M. C. A. Building Campaign. Justin Miller Minneapolis ACADEMIC Phi Delta Theta; Cross Country Squad 1; Crack Squad 2. John L. Mills Pelican Rapids " Jack " MEDICINE Clayton Livingston Miner " Kate " DENTISTRY Delta Sigma Delta. St. Cloud ' Alexander Cuthbertson Mitchell, Skien, Norway engineering Herman John Moersch St. Paul Alpha Kappa Kappa; Senior Member of Sigma Delta Psi ; Varsity Track 2, 3; Freshman Track Captain. George Nickol Moffat . Acton, Ontario, Can. engineering a. s. m. e. John August Moca St. Paul " Jack " MINES Sigma Rho; School of Mines Society 1; Students Catholic Association 3 ; Class President 2. Margaret Jeanette Mollison . . . Faribault HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A.; II. E. S. G. A.; Delta Delta Delta. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ r THE GOPHER Nels Sverdrup Molskness . . Colman, S. D. ENGINEERING Concordia College, Moorhead. Florence Molumby Elkader, Iowa ACADEMIC Herbert L. Montgomery .... Minneapolis " Monty " LAW Delta Upsilon; Scabbard and Blade; Captain U. M. C. C; Masquers; Daily Reporter; Rifle Club; Y. M. C. A.; Crack Squad. Helen Minerva Moore .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Macalester Academy; Y. W. C. A. Robert Wesley Moore Skyburg " Dinty " " Bob " ACADEMIC Y. M. C. a. I, 2, 3; Greek Club 1, 2, 3; Latin Play 2. Ruth Ludlow Moore Minneapolis ACADEMIC Macalester Academy; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Albert Juon Moorman St. Paul " Slats " ARCHITECTURE Cyma; Architectural Society 1. 2. 3; Engineers ' Society 1; Y. M. C. A.; Interclass Baseball 1, 2; Architectural Rep. resentative 1918 Gopher Staff. Elmire Moosbrugger St. Paul EDUCATION St. Joseph ' s Academy; Kappa Pi Sigma; Tarn o ' Shanter; Le Cercle Francais ; Students ' Catholic Association. Mary Frances Moriarty St. Paul ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. 1. 2 . 3; Students ' Catholic Association 1, 2, 3; Secretary 3; Assistant Society Editor Daily 3: Junior Advisor. Marie De Rue Morrison .... Minneapolis Bobbie " HOME ECONOMICS Athenian Literary Society; H. E. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; H. E. A.; Y. W. C. A. 2, 3; Class Secretary 3. 3 ■ ■ ■ THE OOPH R ■ ■ ■ C Dorothy Graham Morrissey .... St. Paul ACADEMIC Alpha Phi; Sigma Alpha Delta; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Tani o ' Shanter; President of Pinafore 2; Academic Representative 1918 Gopher Board; Secretary Gopher Board; Junior Advisor; Suitrage Club 1, 2, 3. Bagley, Wis. Frank B. Morrissey " Morry " MEDICINE Beloit College; Phi Kappa Sigma. John Graham Morrissey St. Paul " Jack " ACADEMIC Phi Kappa Psi; Adelphian; Assistant Album Editor 1918 Gopher StaH. Kenneth Sinclair Morrow . . . Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Ag Booster Club 1, 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. 3. Leslie H. Morse Mankato " Les " LAW Delta Chi; Delta Sigma Rho; Intercollegiate Debate 2; Business Manager Minnesota Magazine 2; Minnesota Law Review 2. Felix E. Moses Jordan ACADEMIC Sigma Alpha Mu ; Menorah 1, 2, 3; Academic Students ' Council 3; Freshman Track; Varsity Track 2, 3; Uni- versity Extension Service; Economics Club; Junior Ball Association. Josephine Elizabeth Mott . Miles City, Mont. ACADEMIC Gamma Phi Beta; Junior Advisor; Students ' Catholic As- sociation; W. A. A. 3; W. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Sopho- more Vaudeville 1, 2; Vice-president W. S. G. A. 3. Norman E. Mudce Mesaba ' Bunnie " ACADEMIC Delta Chi; Forum; Adelphian; Academic Football Team 1. John Mulder Rock Valley, Iowa MEDICINE Hope College; Phi Rho Sigma. Cassie Agatha Munroe Virginia " Casey home economics Carleton College ; Sigma Beta ; Philomathian Literary So- ciety 2, 3; y. W. C. A. 2, 3; W. A. A. 3; H. E. S. G. A. 3. ■® THE GOPHE-R Sarah Dorothy Munson St. Paul " Dol " HOME ECONOMICS H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Agricultural Girls Glee Club; Hesperian Literary Society; Junior Advisor. Beatrice Murnik Eveleth EDUCATION Clitus Frank Murphy Lakefield ••Pat, " ••Marl " . GRICULTURE Students ' Catholic Association; Philomathian Literary So- ciety; Ag Booster Club; Live Stock Club. Joseph Boles Murray Staples " Colonel ' ACADEMIC Kappa Sigma ; Rifle Club. Olaf Olin Myhre Hallock " Olee " ACADEMIC Sigma Phi Epsilon. Cora Nannestad Lake Park home economics Moorhead Normal School. Rolf Nannestad Albert Lea MEDICINE Forum. Earl Gardner Nash Homer de.ntistry Zeta Kappa. Christ Neilsen Mankato chemistry Alpha Chi Sigma; School of Chemistry Society I, 2, 3; Class President 3. Joy O. Nellehmoe Buffalo Lake " JVeHie " DENTISTRY Carleton College; Xi Psi Phi; Thulanian ; Carleton College Campus Club; Students ' Work Committee 2; Junior Ball Association 3. ■ ■ !!■■■■ THE GOPHER Carl Wilhelm Nelson dentistry Harry Godfred Nelson .... " NeU " CHEMISTRY Chemistry Baseball Team. Howard Edward Nelson academic Sigma Nu. Minneapolis Pine City Westbrook John William Nelson . . . River Falls, Wis. ' Jack " DENTISTRY River Falls Normal; Band 1, 2, 3; Interclass Track and Football. Leta Nelson St. Paul academic Alpha Omicron Pi; Junior Advisor: W. S. G. A. Board 3; W. A. A.; Minerva; Masquers; Equal Suffrage Club. Marie Elizabeth Nelson .... Minneapolis academic W. S. G. A.; Iduna; Scandinavian Society. Marie Hilda Nelson Minneapolis HOME economics Hesperian Literary Society 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; H. E. A. 2, 3; H. E. S. G. A. 1. 2. 3. Marie Mette Nelson Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. C. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; Junior Mathematics Club. Goodhue Roy Benjamin Nelson . . . , ' Cohen ' LAW Delta Theta Phi; Law Council; Castalian. Hans Bugge Ness Bergen, Norway dentistry St. Olaf College; Concordia College. 192 THE GOPHE-R Clifford R. Nichols Buhl " Nick " MINES Sigma Rho; School of Mines Society; Treasurer Junior Class. Masahito Nishioka . . Hiroshima, Japan DENTISTRY St. Louis University. EcEDE Hen ' RIK Nissen Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Thulanian; Y. M. C. A. 3. Jennie C. Nordquist Cloquet " Jane " ACADEMIC Cora Artemus Norgorden . . . Sauk Centre " Slab " ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A. Paul Emmeritz Norman .... Minneapolis " Em " ACADEMIC Alpha Sigma Phi; Masquers I, 2. 3; Treasurer 2; Business Manager 3; Class Treasurer 3; Sophomore Vaudeville 2; Spanish Club; International Polity Club; Treasurer 3; Comedy of Errors 2; " A Woman ' s Way " Cast 3; Daily Advertising Salesman 3; Gymnasium Squad 2, 3; Adel- phian ; Glee Club 3. Helen Norris Minneapolis ACADEMIC Minerva Literary Society; Le Cercle Francaise; Junior Advisor; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Tam o ' Shanter. Cora Northey Stillwater ACADEMIC Kappa Rho; Forensic League; W. S. G. A.; Camp Fire; 2nd Vice-president Equal Suffrage Club; Tam o ' Shanter. Melvin Turner Northey Hibbing " Mel " ENGINEERING Zeta Psi; Thela Tau. Ivan Herrert Northfield .... Lake City ' Dusty " DENTISTRY University of Wisconsin ; Sigma Phi Epsilon ; Adelphian ; Cadet Officer U. M. C. C. ' ■ ■ ■ the: gophe-r Victor E. Nylin Tracy " Doc " AGRICULTURE Band 2. 3; Agricultural Education Club 3; Live Stock Club 2, 3. Ruth O ' Brien Duluth EDUCATION Y. W. C. A.; Class Secretary and Treasurer 3; W. S. C. A.; Woman ' s Council 1, Agnes Margaret O ' Connor . . . Minneapolis " Aggie " EDUCATION Kappa Pi Sigma; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. ; Tam o ' Shanter; Students ' Catholic .Association. Vernon William O ' Connor .... Renville " Red " AGRICULTURE Delta Kappa Epsilon; Wing and Bow; Snake and Skull; Adelphian. Olive Marie O ' Neill . . . academic St. Clare Seminary, Winona. St. Paul Marguerite Ober " Mugsie " EDUCATION Minneapolis Kappa Pi Sigma; W. S. G. A.; Students ' Catholic As- sociation; Class President 3. Grace Mabel Oberc Center City ' Turfre " HOME ECONOMICS Gustavus Adolphus; Iduna Literary Society 3; Y. W, C. A. I, 2, 3; H. E. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; H. E. A. 2. 3 4 Fred C. Obermeyer " Ohe " DENTISTRY Paul Henry Oldenburg academic Dcutscher Verein. Minneapolis Montgomery Ward Hubbell Olmsted .... Minneapolis " Olmie ' ACADEMIC Beta Theta Pi; Track 1; Daily Reporter 2; French Club 1, 2, 3; Treasurer 2; President 3; Spanish Club 2, 3; French Play 2, 3; Spanish Plays 2; Tavern. ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE R ■ ■ ■ C Hazel Elvira Olson St. Paul HOME ECONOMICS Athenian 1; Hesperian 2, 3; Treasurer Y. W. C. A. 3; H. E. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; Geneva Delegate 2. Jemima Olson Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Camp Fire; Vice-president Iduna 3. LiLLiE Ann Olson Ada " Lil " HOME ECONOMICS Stout Institute; H. E. S. G. A. 3; Hesperian Literary Society 3. Spring Valley Raymond Clifford Olson . " Ole " DENTISTRY Delta Sigma Delta; Band 2, 3. Robert Walter Olson Amboy • ' Bob " AGRICULTURE Alplia Zeta; Uta Ota 2. 3; Y. M. C. A. Commission 2. 3; Live Stock Club 3; Athenian 2, 3; Athenian Debate Team 3; Intercollegiate Debate 3; Agriculture Representa- tive 1918 Gopher Board. PiDRiCK John Orfield .... Minneapolis " Dee Jay " LAW Mankato State Normal; B.A. Minnesota; Superintendent Starbuck High School; Superintendent Kenning High School; Instructor Central High School, Minneapolis; Member Winning Freshman Law Debate Team 1912. Fredo Albinus Ossanna .... New Duluth " Bunk " ACADEMIC Alpha Sigma Phi; Class President 3; President Pan- American Club 3; Secretary Forum 2; Secretary Forensic League 2; Secretary Duluth-U-Club ; International Polity Club; Forum Intersociety Team 2; Winning Sophomore Debate Team 2; 2nd Sophomore Oratorical Contest; Uni- versity Extension Team; Intercollegiate Squad; Adelphian ; President Forum Literary Society. AsLAK J. OsTBY Minneapolis ACADEMIC ■ LICE Eleanor Ostergren . NURSING St. Paul Fred Oswald Minneapolis ACADEMIC Plii Delta Theta. ■ ■ ■ n ■ ■ ■ ■ 3 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Raymond Edwin Overmire . . . Minneapolis " Ray " ACADEMIC Alpha Sigma Phi; Forum 1, 2. 3; President 3; University Cracit Squad 2, 3; Treasurer 3; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 2. 3; Editor I9I8 Gopher; Y. M. C. A.; Adelphian ; Rifle Club 2. CORINNE MONTEZ Parish St. Paul " Susie " HOME ECONOMICS Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A. Spencer Lowell Parker . . . . Minneapolis " Spence " ACADEMIC Psi Upsilon ; Tiilikum. Clarence W. Passer Waseca DENTISTRY Acacia. Bernauetta Marie Paton . . . Sutherlin, Ore. " Bee " ACADEMIC University of Oregon; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. Dorothy Isabelle Patton Duluth education w. s. g. a.; y. w. c. a. Walter H. Pattridge Tracy " Pat " DENTISTRY Kappa Sigma; Adelphian. Amy Paulson Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. Earl B. Paulson Minneapolis ACADEMIC Phi Gamma Delta; Adelphian; Sophomore Vaudeville; Spanish Club ; Junior Ball Association ; Assistant Album Editor 1918 Gopher Staff. Edward J. Pearlove Minneapolis LAW J ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C Edward Henry Pearson .... Minneapolis DENTISTRY Arthur H. Pedersen St. Paul " Pete " medicine Nellie Cecilia Elaine Pedersen . Minneapolis medicine Minnesota College; Alpha Epgilon Iota; Student Volun- teer; Scandinavian Society; Class Secretary 3. Earl S. Pendergast . . . International Falls ' Pendy ' forestry Forestry Club 2. 3; Cobblers 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. 2, 3; Junior Corporation 3; Football Squad 3. . Morton Florence Esther Penhall •■Pen " HOME economics Athenian; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A.; H, E. A. Tola Peters Carlton ACADEMIC Albert Peterson Teigen, Mont. -Pete " ACADEMIC Freshman Football 1 ; Academic Football 2 ; Varsity Foot- ball Squad 3. Harold Robert Peterson " Pete " ENGINEERING Alpha Rho Chi. Minneapolis Julius A. Peterson St. Peter ' Ve Zey " DENTISTRY May M. Peterson Minneapolis ACADEMIC Junior Advisor; W. A. A. 1, 2, 3; Kappa Rho; W. S. G. A. 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 3; Tam o ' Shantcr; Hockey; Basketball 2; Camp Fire; Suffrage Club; Forensic League; Trailers. THE, GOPHER Vance Clifford Peterson " Pele " ENGINEERING WiLLARD C. Peterson " Bill " MEDICINE Willmar Minneapolis William Thomas Peyton Dumont MEDICINE St. John ' s University; Phi Beta Pi; Students ' Catholic Association; S. C. A. Seminar; Student Medical Council 5. Walter Carl Pfaender New Ulm " Wah " AGRICULTURE Agricultural College Glee Club 3; Bee Club 3; Y. M. C. A. 1. 2. 3. Florence Lois Pickering .... Minneapolis HOME economics Alpha Gamma Delta; Phi Upsilon Omicron; Y. W. C. A. H. E. S. G. a.; H. E. a.; Junior Advisor. Harriet Mary Pierce St. Paul " Harry ' HOME ECONOMICS Oak Hall; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A. Erling S. Platou Valley City " Doc " MEDICINE Phi Gamma Delta; Nu Sigma Nu; Vice. president Junior Ball Association; Adelphian ; President 2; Football Squad 1. 2; Varsity Basketball 2; " M " Club; Academic Repre- sentative Gopher Board. George Augustus Pond Shakopee AGRICULTURE Alpha Zeta ; Athenian 1, 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. Commission I, 2, 3; Farm Management Club 2. 3; Forensic League; Ag Booster Club 3; Agricultural Club 1, 2. Marion Gray Poole St. Paul ACADEMIC Alpha Phi; Suffrage Club; Masquers; Y. W. C. A.; Euterpean ; Treasurer Pinafore 2; Delegate to Student Volunteer Convention 1; Junior Advisor; Freshman Rep- resentative to W. S. G. A. Board 1. Leo R. Priske Mahnomen dentistry ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ Guy Thomas Preston Alexandria " Pres " AGRICULTURE Alpha Gamma Rho ; Ag Booster Club 2, 3; Farm Man- agement Club 2. Irving Breward Purdy . Monitor, Aha., Can. " Blondy " ENGINEERING Alpha Kappa Sigma; Band 1. 2. 3; Intramural Football Champions 1916; Cosmopolitan Club; Y. M. C. A. Cam- paign Team; Civil Engineering Representative 1918 Gopher Staff. Elbert Whitney Quimby .... Minneapolis LAW University of South Dakota; Sigma Alpha Epsilon. Howard Edwin Quinn Melrose MINES Frieda Jeannf.tte Radusch . . . Minneapolis MEDICINE Carleton College; Macalester College; Alpha Epsilon Iota. Larcom Randall St. Paul ENGINEERING Phi Kappa Psi ; Theta Tau ; Minnehaha; Hockey 2, 3; Intramural Hockey and Baseball. Carolyn Delphine Rankin . . . Minneapolis academic Wells College, Aurora, N. Y., 1, 2; Kappa Kappa Gamma; W. A. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A. Anna Cornelia Rathburn Aitkin ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. I, 2. 3; W. A. A. 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 3; Tarn o ' Shanter 3; Bib and Tucker; Pinafore. Arnold 1. Raucland Minneapolis " Rugs " architecture Cyma; Architectural Society 2. 3; President Junior Archi- tects; Board of Governors 1, 2, 3; Engineers ' Society 1, 2. 3; Architects ' Baseball Team I, 2, 3; Captain 1, 2; Y. M. C. A.; Freshman Football Team 1. E. Lenord Raverty Sleepy Eye " Rar- MEDICINE St. Thomas College; Phi Beta Pi; Students ' Catholic Association; Medic Football Team. ■ ■ ■ c J ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER Gail Sweeney Reeves Glenwood ACADEMIC Carleton College. MacVeigh Regaim Minneapolis " Mac ' LAW St. Thomas College; Delta Kappa Epsilon ; Students ' Catholic Association; Board of Editors, Minnesota Law Review; Chairman General Arrangements Committee Junior Ball Association. Vera Reycraft Minneapolis " Cee " HOME ECONOMICS H. E. S. G. A. 1, 2, 3; H. E. A. 2, 3; Students ' Catholic Association 2, 3; Hesperian Literary Society 2, 3; Junior Advisor. Paul William Rhame .... Minneapolis ENGINEERING Phi Delta Theta ; Mechanical Engineering Representative 1918 Gopher Staff; A. S. M. E. Margaret Rhodes Stillwater ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Junior Advisor; Suffrage Club ; Tani o ' Shanter. Leonard John Rice Peever, S. D. ACADEMIC Aberdeen Normal; Scandinavian Society I, 2; Le Cercle Francais 2, 3; Y. M. C. A. 2, 3. Vivien Adelia Constance Rice . Peever, S. D. Btondie " ACADEMIC University of South Dakota; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Tarn o ' Shanter; Scandinavian Society; W. A. A. Bert Alison Richardson Winona " Dick " ACADEMIC Y. M. C. A. 3; Suffrage Club 3; Circulation Manager of Daily 2. Charles Richter Foxhome LAW Park Region College. Fred E. Ringham Minneapolis " Gunga Din, " " Heart Breaker " ACADEMIC St. Oiaf College; President of Swedish Young People ' s Society; Bethlehem Church Choir; English Young People ' s Society of Bethlehem Norwegian Church; Uncle to Tnree Nephews and One Niece; Member of the Elias Rachie Class of Young Men. 3 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER SicuHD C. RisvoLD Grafton, N. D " Sig " ACADEMIC University of North Dalcota 1, 2. George L. Robb Minneapolis " - DENTISTRY Iowa State College. " Fl!A K Lester Roberts . . . Miles City, Mont. ' " Papa " ACADEMIC r Mary Terese Roberts Pine City S| ' ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 3; W. A. A. 3. James C. Robertson Washta, Iowa ACADEMIC Iowa State University 1; Delta Tau Delta; Adelphian. B Sam W. Robertson Minneapolis ;■ FORESTRY ; Chi Psi: Forestry Club 1, 2. 3: Scabbard and Blade 3; ■ " : ' • Crack Squad 1. 2, 3; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3; ' ■ Forestry Representative 1918 Gopher. John Philip Roche Harmony ENGINEERING u Pa Students ' Catholic Association. ' BJ Catherine Rockey Minneapolis " Kat " ACADEMIC W. A. A.; W. S. G. A.; Tam o ' Shanter; Camp Fire; ,,.,„, Cosmopolitan Club. f i ' m i Troy Melville Rodlun Willmar M) Rod ig; ACADEMIC •.• ' ' Hamline 1, 2; Gopher Staff: Secretary Economics Club; Y. M. C. A. Clarence A. Roedell Minneapolis Roedie " ' .t! i, _. . ACADEMIC f: ■- .■■-;- - ' ■-. -H Sophomore Vaudeville 2 ; Jazz Band 3. ■ ■ 3 m THE GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ C Christian O. Roholt Minneapolis ChTis " MEDICINE Augusta Rood Minneapolis Gustie " NURSING Y. W. C. A. 1; W. A. A. 1; W. S. G. A. 1. Russell Churchill Rosenquest ... St. Paul ' Rosy " LAW Delta Theta Phi ; Forum Society. Russell H. Ross Duluth " Rusty " ENGINEERING Engineering Society 1; A. I. E. E. 3; Christian Science Society 1, 2, 3. Eva Cutts Rucker ..... Howard Lake " Eve " ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. I; W. S. G. A. 1, 2; W. A. A. 1; Bib and Tucitcr 1 ; Pinafore 2. Matilda Emelia Runsvold . . . Two Harbors EDUCATION W. S. G. A. John Arthur Russell .... Minneapolis ENGINEERING Delta Upsilon ; Theta Tau ; Rifle Team; Crack Squad; A. S. M. E. ; Battery F. Martin Benjamin Rustan . . . Underwood " Ben " LAW B.A. Fargo College; Class President 2. Lloyd Howard Rutledce . . . Columbia, Mo. " Colonel " MEDICINE A. B. Missouri 1915; M. A. Minnesota 1916; Phi Beta Pi; Medic Representative Gopher Staff. Julia Rybak Pine City ACADEMIC College of St. Catherine. THE GOPHER Clake.nce S. Rye Minneapolis ACADEMIC Thulanian; Forum; Y. M. C. A. Louis Sachs Minneapolis " Gus " LAW Xi Psi Theta; Zionist Society President 4. Crystal Theresa Sailor .... Blue Earth ACADEMIC W. A. A.; W. S. G. A. j Students ' Catholic Association. John A. Salisbury Parkers Prairie " Jack " DENTISTRY Delta Sigma Delta. LoRNE Harris Salmon St. Paul MEDICINE Alpha Zeta; Alpha Kappa Kappa; Y. M. C. A. 1. 2, 3; President Y. M. C. A. 2; Athenian Literary Society 1, 2, 3. Paul A. Samuelson Lafayette " Sammy " ACADEMIC Svilhiod ; Frenatae ; Journal Club; Scandinavian Society. George P. Sanders ..!».... Aitkin " Kewpie " agriculture Athenian; Live Stocic Cluh ; Y. M. C. A.; Interclass Basketball; Intramural Track. Parker David Sanders .... Redwood Falls AGRICULTURE Delta Kappa Epsilon ; Wing and Bow; Adelphian ; Agri. cultural Club. Rhobie Langdon Sargent Duluth HOME ECONOMICS Gamma Phi Beta; H. E. S. G. A. W. A. Sawatzky Shakopee ' Bill " ' Sawatz " MEDICINE Ms Cid ■ ■ ■ ■ c ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ C LuciLE M. Saxton Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. A. A. 1, 2, 3; W. S. 0. A. 1, 3; Basketball 1, 2; Field Hockey 2, 3; Tarn o ' Shanter. Charles Schaufuss Minneapolis ACADEMIC New Rockford. N. D., Collegiate Institute; Y. M. C. A.; President Der Deutscher Verein ; Rifle Club 2. Jenme Schey Sedan " Dobbin " NURSING W. S. G. A. 1; W. A. A. 3; Basketball I; Baseball 1. Hugo Schlenk Cloquet ENGINEERING A. I. E. E. Roland Schmid Minneapolis • ' Roily " AGRICULTURE Pbi Kappa Psi ; Secretary Junior Ball Association; Adel- phian ; Assistant Business Manager Sophomore Vaudeville; Y. M. C. A.; Agricultural Club; Minnehaha Staff 1, 2; Skull and Crescent ; Wing and Bow. Jennie Marie Schober .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Omicron Pi; Tarn o Shanter; Deutscher Verein; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. William Schofranski agriculture Ag Baseball Team. Slayton Alfred Schroeoer Miller, S. D. ACADEMIC Phi Delta Theta. Ruth Schuyke Fargo, N. D. ACADEMIC Delta Gamma. Louis F. Schwartz Minneapolis ENGINEERING Menorah Society 2. 3; Engineers ' Society 1. 2. 3; A. I. E. E. 3; University Radio Club 3; Aeronautical Society 3; 2nd Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 2. !]■■■■[: ■ ■ ■ 13 ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C ViRCiL Joseph Schwartz .... Minneapolis " Virge " MEDICINE Menorah Society; Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 1914. Anne Schwennsen St. Paul ACADEMIC John Scriven Dixon, 111. " Scrive " LAW Delta Theta Plii; Castalian; Students ' Catholic Associa- tion; Class President 2; Law Representative 1918 Gopher Board; Junior Ball Association. Malcolm A. Sedgwick . . . Sioux Falls, Iowa ACADEMIC Alpha Delta Phi; Tavern; Players Club 1. 2, 3; Soph- omore Vaudeville; Glee Club 1, 2, 3; Manager Glee Club 3; Adelphian; Y. M. C. A. Jeanette Sell Fairfax HOME ECONOMICS W- S. C. A.; H. E. S. G. A. Mabel Semlinc Ada ■•Mibs " NURSING Areme Club. Edwin S. Severson St. Paul LAW Alpha Tau Omega; Assistant Business Manager Daily. Clarence Arthur Shannon .... Bemidji LAW Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Delta Phi; Daily Reporter 1. 2; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 3; Board of Governors Min- nesota Union 3; Kawa Club 3. Will S. Shaw Tower City " Bill " dentistry Delta Sigma Delta. Herbert V. Shebat Minneapolis " Sparks " ENGINEERING Students ' Catholic Association. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Clare Mary Constance Shenehon . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Kappa Kappa Gamma; Thalian; Le Cercle Francais; Players; " Tides of Spring " ; Sophomore Vaudeville; Players Vaudeville ; Sophomore Vaudeville Committee 2 ; Minne- haha Staff 1, 2, 3; Daily Staff 2; Junior Advisor. Marion Alice Shepard .... St. Louis Park ACADEMIC Trailers; Acanthus; Camp Fire Guardian; Junior Advisor; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A.; Field Hockey 3; Tam o ' Shanter. Mary King Shepardson . . . . Minneapolis " Mary Shep " ACADEMIC Kappa Rho; Y. W. C. A. 1. 2, 3; W. A. A. 1, 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 1. 2, 3; Class Secretary 3; Bib and Tucker 1; Pinafore 2; Tain o ' Shanter; Shevlin Board 3. Lewis C. Shepley Farmington LAW Robert Israel Sher Ribbing " Izzy " ENGINEERING Carroll W. Sherwin Monticello ' Sandy " ACADEMIC Delta Upsilon ; Symphony Orchestra 3; Band 1, 2, 3; Y. M. C. A.; Adelphian. Edward Burdette Sherwood . . . Minneapolis ' 57)erry ' ENGINEERING Scabbard and Blade; Captain U. M. C. C. Charles August Siekkinen .... Duluth ENGINEERING Intramural Football 1, 2, 3; Class Vice-president 3. Jay Silsby Minneapolis DENTISTRY Class Secretary 1 ; Varsity Swimming 2. Victor Lawrence Silver .... Clarkfield " Pety " DENTISTRY Svithiod; Scandinavian Society. I 3 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Dorothy Simmons Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. I, 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 3; H. E. A. 1, 2; W. A. A. 2, 3; Woman ' s Suffrage Club 3; Tennis Club 2. Albert Frank Simon New Prague " Cr " DENTISTRY Y. M. C. A. 1, 2; Students ' Catholic Association. Oliver T. Skellet Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Tau Omega. Edward Phelan Slater Anoka MEDICINE Phi Rho Sigma. Arthur Harold Small . . . Kalispell, Mont. AGRICULTURE 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. 2; RiHe Club 3; Live Slock Club 2; Ag Booster Club 2; Gopher Photographer 3; Intramural Swimming. Donald Charles Smith Mankato " D. c. " ENGINEERING Theta Tau; Class Secretary 1; Class Treasurer 3; A. I. E. E. Elton H. Smith Parkers Prairie " Smithie " ACADEMIC Battery F 1. 2; Swimming Leader 2; 1st F. Art. M. N. G. Hospital Corps 2. Hugh Adams Smith Red Wing engineering Theta Tau; A. I. E. E. Kathleen Smith Minneapolis ACADEMIC Junior Advisor; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Vice president Tam o ' Shanter; Thalian Literary Society. Martinian Gabrielovitch Smolensky Taganrog, Russia ENGINEERING Cosmopolitan Club. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R Virginia Louis Sidney Stein . . . " Doc, " " Pip " PHARMACY Menorah Society; Bugle Corps. Albert Markley Snell Lake Park medicine St. Thomas College; Alpha Kappa Kappa; Students ' Catholic Association. Charles Edward Snyder " Chuck " DENTISTRY Intramural Baseball 1 ; Intramural Basketball 2. Warren Minneapolis Ralph Anders Soderlind . " Doc " medicine Minnesota College; Phi Rho Sigma. Viola Sommermeyer Minneapolis " Vi " ACADEMIC W. A. A. 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 3; Camp Fire Treasurer 3; Tarn o ' Shanter ; Areme Secretary 3. Gladys Speaker Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. a. 2, 3; W. S. G. A. 2. 3; W. A. A. 3. Matilda Sprung .... Devils Lake, N. D. " Tillie " ACADEMIC W. S. G. A.; Menorah Society; Music Club. Roy Edward Stadler Helen Jane Stanton . academic W. S. G. A.; Junior Advisor. Baraboo, Wis. Oakes, N. D. Harry Johnson Steel Mankato " Jcbidiah " education Mankato Normal School; Phi Delta Kappa 3; Education Students ' Council 3; Y. M. C. A. Commission 3. 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE- GOPHER Viva Josephine Stephenson . . Aberdeen, S. D. " Pudge " ACADEMIC Areme Club 3; Y. W. C. A. 3. Neil Chandler Stevens .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Alpha Tau Omega; Daily Reporter 1; Sophomore Vaude ville. VoDiCA Mae Stevens Minneapolis •■VeJie " ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. Phillip James Stillwell Appleton " StilUe ' LAW Sigma Phi Epsilon ; Adelphian ; Interfraternity Council 3; Republican Club 3. Victor Henry Storberg Ada " Vic " DENTISTRY Hamline University; Xi Psi Phi; Manager Campus Or- chestra. William Stradtmann Glencoe " Bill " LAW Concordia College, St. Paul; Law Representative Gopher Staff. Harry William Strand .... Marine Mills ••H. W. " mines Minnesota College ; Svithiod ; Minnesota Geology Club ; School of Mines Society 1, 2, 3; Scandinavian Society 2, 3; Castalian Literary Society 2; Prohibition Club 2; Y. M. C. a.; Art Contributor to 1918 Gopher. Harold Conrad Stratte Dawson ACADEMIC George Frederic Strong St. Paul MEDICINE Chi Psi; Adelphian; Players; Lieutenant U. M. C. C. Joseph A. Struett Perham ACADEMIC THE GOPHE R Julius Richard Sturre . . . Parshall, N. D. " Stub " MEDICINE Phi Beta Pi ; Students ' Catholic Association ; Sophomore Vaudeville 1, 2. Wilbur Vernon Styles .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC Sigma Chi; Swimming Team 2, 3; Soccer Team 3; Wrestling Team 3. Minneapolis Florence Kathryn Sullivan ' Claudia " ACADEMIC Alpha Xi Delta; Spanish Club 3; French Club 3; Stu. dents ' Catholic Association; Y. W. C. A. 3; W. S. G. A. Grace Dorothy Sullivan " Gabs " academic Minneapolis Alpha Xi Delta; Students ' Catholic Association 1. 2 3; Y. W. C. A. 3; W. S. C. A.; French Club; Class Enter- tainment Committee 3. Helen Sullivan Minneapolis ACADEMIC W. S. G. A. 1, 2. 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Treasurer Minerva 3; Secretary Tarn o ' Shanter 3; Chairman of Conferences and Conventions of Y. W. C. A. 3; Junior Advisor; Jocicey Hockey Team 3; W. A. A. I, 2, 3. Esther Louise Swanson .... Minneapolis ACADEMIC V. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. C. A.; Camp Kesaltool- teek ; Deutscher Verein ; Theta Sigma Phi ; Tarn o ' Shanter. Herbert W. Swanson Paxton, 111. ' Swanny " FORESTRY Sigma Alpha Epsilon ; Alpha Zeta ; Forestry Club I. 2. 3; Gobblers 1. 2. 3; Agricultural Student Council; Agri- cultural Union Board. Mabel Swedberg home economics Stout Institute; H. E. S. G. A. Luverne Carl G. Swendseen Minneapolis " Snag " MEDICINE Phi Beta Pi; Academic Student Council 3; Daily Re- porter 2; Sophomore Vaudeville I, 2; Captain and Drum Major U. M. Regimental Band 3, 4, 5; Junior Ball As- sociation 3, 5; Vice-president Sophomore Pre-medics 2. Harold Goodman Swennes dentistry Zeta Kappa. Clarkfield m ■ THE GOPHeR Clifford R. Swensen .... North Branch " Tip " DENTISTRY Delta Sigma Delta. Adolph G. Swenson . . . . . . . Enfield AGRICULTURE Ag Glee Club; Ag Education Club; Y. M. C. A. John F. Swensen ..... Superior, Wis. ENGINEERING HiLDECARDE SwENSON Minneapolis ACADEMIC Iduna Literary Society. Waldemar H. Sybilrud . . . New Richland " Syb " MEDICINE St. Olaf; Phi Beta Pi. Herbert William Talbot .... Sleepy Eye " Herb " AGRICULTURE Thomas F. Talbot Minneapolis ENGINEERING Junior Class Secretary. George Frank Taylor Excelsior ACADEMIC Alpha Sigma Phi; Forum 2, 3; Glee Club 2. 3; Y. M. C. A. Cabinet 3; Assistant Album Editor 1918 Gopher. Mary Taylor Minneapolis ACADEMIC Pi Beta Phi; Secretary Thalian Literary Society 3; Junior Advisor; Tarn o ' Shanter 3; Spanish Club. Pearl Elizabeth Thom Rushmore ' Slim " HOME ECONOMICS Hesperian Literary Society; Camp Fire Club; Y. W. C. A.; H. E. S. C. A. 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER .- A ' ' . .-.; ■ . ■■ ' ih IW ' li Ki. " ■ i " ' ' -- r P |l .l ■ i Harold Elijah Thomas Marshall Tommie " DENTISTRY Zeta Kappa. Anna Rebecca Thompson . . . Minneapolis HOME economics Sigma Beta; Y. W. C. A.; Philomalhian; Trailers Club; Vice-president Areme Club; H. E. S. G. A.; Junior Advisor. George Thompson Minneapolis " Tommy " ACADEMIC Y. M. C. A. Le Cercle Francaise 3; Secretary 1918 Gopher Staff. Madeline Thompson Hallock ACADEMIC Sigma Beta; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; Tarn o ' Shanter. SiVERT W. Thompson . . . Devils Lake, N. D. " Tommy " LAW B.A. St. Olat College; Delta Theta Phi; Forum; Y. M. C. A. ; Intersociely Debate 1 ; Law School Council 2. Janet Smith Thomson St. Paul home economics Phi Upsilon Omicron; H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A. I, 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Y. W. C. A. Cabinet 2, 3; Junior Advisor. Paul Grovum Thonn Moorhead law Moorhead Normal School. Ingram Thornby Dawson " Bird " DENTISTRY Carleton College; Xi Psi Phi; Delian Society at Carleton College; Board of Governors, Men ' s Union. H. Adolph Thorson Rochester " Pad " DENTISTRY Thulanian; Delta Sigma Delta; Nei " and " Til Seeters " 3; Class Vice-president 2; Glee Club 2, 3; Scandinavian Society 2, 3; Battery F Border Service 2. Frances Thorstad Wheaton EDUCATION Winona Normal School; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; " Til Sseters. " Z3 ■ THE- GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C Waldo Brown Thrush .... Spencer, Iowa LAW Carleton College; Delta Chi; University Carleton Club. Ellinc Thygeson St. Paul " Tige " ACADEMIC Kappa Sigma; Daily Reporter 2; Rifle Club 2; Adelphian 2. 3. Frank Albert Tibbets .... West Concord ' •Tib " AGRICULTURE Philomatliian Literary Society; Y. M. C. A.; Ag Booster Club. John A. Timm Utica MEDICINE B.S. University of Minnesota 1916. Anthony T. Tomasek ..... St. Paul DENTISTRY Phi Gamma Delta. Lucie Evna Tomlinson .... Minneapolis " Tommy " ACADEMIC Y. W. C. a. 3; W. A. A. 3; Junior Advisor; W. S. G. A. 3; Treasurer Tarn o ' Shanter; French Play 2, 3; Vice-president Le Cercle Francais 3. WiLLARD ToRCRiM Decorah, Iowa AGRICULTURE Beloll. Wis., College; Agricultural Men ' s Glee Club. Faith B. Torinus White Bear ACADEMIC Delta Delta Delta; Y. W. C. A. Robert Towey Minneapolis " Bob " LAW Delta Kappa Epsilon; Phi Delta Phi; Sophomore Vaude- ville 2; " Comedy of Errors " Cast 2; Players 2; Publicity Manager 1918 Gopher; Adelphian. Lillian Anderson Turner .... St. Paul ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; W. S. G. A. ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHE,R Florence Evelyn Vest . education W. S. G. A.; Tarn o ' Shanter. St. Paul Herbert H. von Rohr Winona " Dutch " ENGINEERING Delta Tau Delta; 1st Lieutenant U. M. C. C. Lewis Eugene Vrooman .... Minneapolis AGRICULTURE Band 1. 2; Symphony Orchestra 2; Agricultural Collepe Orchestra 1; Agricultural College Men ' s Glee Club 2; Varsity Track 2. Wesley Rudolph Wachtler .... Mankato ••Wes " DENTISTRY Mankato State Normal; Xi Psi Phi; Chairman Social Committee Dentistry Class 1; Junior Ball Association; Dentistry Representative 1918 Gopher Board. Eunice Marguerite Walker . academic Y. W. C. A.; Camp Fire; W. S. G. A. Cloquet Carolyn Wallace Minneapolis ACADEMIC Thalian Literary Society; W. S. G. A.; Y. W. C. A.; W. A. A.; Tarn o ' Shanter; Freshman Commission Y. W. C. A. 1 ; Treasurer Bib and Tucker 1 ; Winner Athletic Seal for Women 1; Class Basketball Team 1. 2; Secre- tary Y. W. C. A. .2; Sophomore Vaudeville 2; Vice-president Y. W. C. A. 3; Vice-president and Treasurer W. A. A. 3; Geneva Club 2. John Elmer Wallfred .... Minneapolis " Rabbit " ENGINEERING A. S. M. E.; Battery F. John Henry Wallinga .... Hull, Iowa " Wally " MEDICINE Hope College. Holland. Michigan; B.S. University of Minnesota; Phi Beta Pi; Glee Club, Charles Thomas Wangensteen . . Lake Park " Chuck " ACADEMIC Alpha Sigma Phi; Shakopean Literary Society; Inter- national Prohibition Club; Y. M. C. A.; Adelphian. ZoE Marie Ward Glenwood ACADEMIC Carlclon College; Y. W. C. A- 3; W. S. G. A- 3. a ■ ■ ■ ■ :: ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER Fred Augustus Waterous .... St. Paul ENGINEERING St. Paul Academy; Kappa Sigma; A. S. M. E. MiLDEN Way Minneapolis " Mile " AGRICULTURE Delta Kappa Epsilon : Tavern Club; Garrirk Club; Vice- president Adelpbian 3; Sopbomore Vaudeville; Snake and Skull; Wing and Bow; Interfratemity Council 2, 3; Gym- nasium Team 2. 3; White Dragon. Harry Benton Weaver . . . Davenport, Iowa AGRICULTURE Cbi Psi; Wing and Bow; Snake and Skull; Adelpbian. Marian Dorothy Webster . . . Minneapolis " Wa-bi " ACADEMIC Sweet Briar College; Kappa Kappa Gamma; W. S. G. A. W. A. A.; Players; Players Vaudeville. Helen Maurine Wedum Alexandria ACADEMIC Kappa Alpha Theta; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Sophomore Basketball Team; Sophomore Vaudeville; Junior Advisor. Claire I. Weikert St. Paul " Ifeik " LAW Delta Cbi; Christian Science Society; Forum 1, 2. 3; Intersociety Debate 3; President 3; Captain U. M. C. C. ; Deutscher Verein 2. 3; Minnesota Law Review, Editorial Board. Samuel A. Weisman Minneapolis MEDICINE George Weiss Minneapolis ACADEMIC Sigma Alpha Mu; Le Cercle Francais; Menorah Society; Daily Reporter 2; Daily Staff 3; General Arrangements Committee Junior Class. William A. E. Weiss Echo ACADEMIC H. Walter Wellman .... Monona, Iowa ■■Wall " DENTISTRY B.S. Carleton College; Alpha Tau Omega; Dentistry Representative Gopher Staff. THE GOPHER Margaret Elizabeth Welsh . . . Winnebago ACADEMIC Carleton College; W. S. G. A. 2, 3; W. A. A. 3. Conrad Olof Werner Lindstrom DENTISTRY Macalester College; Xi Psi Phi; Band 1, 2; University Symphony Orchestra 1. Carl George Westerberc Cloquet CHEMISTRY Scandinavian Society. Louise Bessie Wheeler .... Winnebago ACADEMIC W. S. C. A.; W. A. A.; Y. W. C. A.; Tarn o ' Shanter. James Wick Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. M. C. A.; Secretary Shakopean Literary Society; Shakopean Debating Team; Prohibition Club; International Polity Club. Kenneth S. White .... River Falls, Wis. LAW River Falls State Normal. Elizabeth S. Widell St. Paul EDUCATION Duluth Normal School. Elmer Reno Wilk ...... Minneapolis " Re " ACADEMIC Sigma Alpha Mu. LucY Mary Victoria Will . . . Minneapolis ACADEMIC Students ' Catholic Association ; Deutscher Verein ; Tarn o ' Shanter; W. A. A. DwiGHT Williams Minneapolis LAW THL GOPHE,R Edward De Koven Williams . . Omaha, Nebr. AGRICULTURE Racine, Wis., Military School. SicFRED Williams St. Cloud " Sig " DENTISTRY St. Cloud Normal School; Xi Psi Phi; Football 2; Class President 2; Dentistry Basketball Captain I. Vernon Maurice Williams Mora ■■Bill " academic Sigma Nu; Y. M. C. A. Finance Committee; Varsity Football 3. Effie M. Wilson Minneapolis " Kitten " ACADEMIC Pi Beta Phi; Minerva; Y. W. C. A.; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A. ; Sophomore Vaudeville. Dorothy Wincate ....... Excelsior HOME ECONOMICS Y, W. C. a.; H. E. S. G. A.; H. E. A.; Secretary H. E. A. 3; Junior Advisor. Earl Darius Wolfe Morristown LAW Baseball 1. Weldon Womack St. Paul ••Weldy " ACADEMIC St. Paul Academy ; Princeton University. Yuan D. Wong Shanghai, China ACADEMIC St. John ' s; Soccer 3. Henry F. Woo Canton, China " Shorty " ACADEMIC Secretary Chinese Students ' Club ; Cosmopolitan Club ; Y. M. C. A.; Economics Club; Geological Club. Harold Wood Minneapolis " Jfoodie " ACADEMIC Alpha Delta Phi; Y. M. C. A. 1, 2, 3; Cabinet 2; Garrick Club 2; Masquers 3; Minnesota Daily 2, 3; Minnehaha Staff 1, 3; Minnesota Magazine Board 3; Junior-Senior Advisor 3; Em Club 2; Student Council 2; Adelphian President 3. THE GOPHER A. Lafayette Wood Grey Eagle " Fay " EDUCATION St. Cloud Normal School; Music Club. Constance A. Woodford . " Con ite " . Lake City ACADEMIC Y. W. C. A. 1. 2. 3; Freshman Commission W. S. C. A. 2. 3; Junior Advisor; Shevlin Board 2; W. A. A. 3; Hockey Team 3; Camp Fire 3; Tam o ' Shanter. Chatfield Belle Plaine Minnesota Lake Minneapolis Harold Sutherland Woodruff " Cracky " DENTISTRY Delta Sigma Delta; Band 2. LoRENZ Fredrick Woods . dentistry .Arthur L. Wrucke . " Doc " dentistry Vice-president R. O. O. F. Bernard Cyril Zalkind " Ben " ACADEMIC Sigma Alpha Mu. Solomon Yarosh Kherson, Russia agriculture Y. M. C. A. 1. 2. 3. Katharine Yerxa Minneapolis ACADEMIC Y. W. C. - . Cabinet; Junior . dvisor ; Geneva- Club; Shevlin Board 2; Freshman Commission I; W. S. G. A- ; W. A. . .; Tam o ' Shanter; Equal SuiTragc Club. Arnold Wyman Minneapolis " Pudge " ACADEMIC Delta Kappa Epsilon ; Sigma Delta Psi ; Adelphian ; Class President 1; Varsity Football 2. 3; Varsity Basketball 2. 3; Vice. president " M " Club 3; President of Athletic Board of Control 3; Captain of 191718 Basketball Team. Helen E. Zancer Minneapolis ACADEMIC Sigma Beta; W. S. G. A.; W. A. A.; Students ' Catholic Association ; Deutscher Verein ; Tam o ' Shanter. Henry G. Zancer Minneapolis MEDICINE Phi Rho Sigma; University Symphony Orchestra I. 2, 3; Deutscher Verein 1. ■ ■ ■ ■ c TH GOPHE,R THE CYCLONE AT THE COLISEUM ON the plot of ground where the Green House and Sanford Hall now stand, there was once a huge wooden structure called the Coliseum. A huge wooden hall, it was built in 1884 as a combination auditorium, drill hall, and colossal eighth wonder of the world. To describe the monster properly is an impossibility. Suffice it to say that the building was a cross between a Roman arena and a Rheims cathedral. In shape and proportions it resembled the arena and in general usefulness the cathedral. Inside there was room for thousands of people. Around the sides of the building rose tier upon tier of seats. It was a fit place for a battle of gladiators or a Spanish bull fight. It was here that a Major-General of the American army drilled our first cadet corps. It was here that the famous company of Minnesota Amazons were wont to take their training under the captaincy of Gratia Countryman. After an eventful life of ten years, the Coliseum burned in 1894. The building was the scene of concerts, meetings, oratorical contests, and drill competitions. At one time Nordica sang there. It was at that time that the great glass roof was struck by lightning. A chorus of children from all of the schools of Minneapolis had been gathered at the Coliseum. In the center of the big arena this group was standing. Just as the last of the children had passed out of the building the enormous glass roof fell to the ground. The crowd became panicky. To avert a catastrophe seemed impossible. The orchestra began to play, and the crowd became stilled. If there have been any miracles worked around the University, this surely will hold the name of one. ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER Organizations TiEALIZING the broad scope of university organizations, the artist wished in his painting to include the entire field covered by organizations. He has shown the chief organizations, such as the Building, and Shipping, the Church organizations recalled by the old temple in the background, the home ties represented by the houses. There is also the link between the old and the new, represented by the Mediaeval architecture in the background and the modern skyscraper in the foreground. Further, he wished to convey the fact that the value of university organizations goes out from the university in the hands of the alumni, that the efforts put into our college organizations do not cease having their effect when we leave col- lege, but that they affect those students who follow, that they leave their imprint upon our college work and that they are as much a part of our college curriculum as our lec- tures and laboratory work. . I- w (i-. . ■« . ■ ;.--.- f , r .- ■T- ' r -if Organizations iHiiiiiiiUiMiiiiiiiiimni R T E R N I T I E THt GOPHER SMITH PASSER BERGH FREDRICKSON MILLER ANDERSON CARBER CLARK YOUNG WILLIAMS WHITAKER AAMODT STUCKY INGERSOLL FORSYTHE DAUM A. AAMODT SEARLES ACACIA FACULTY P. A. Anderson E. E. Nickolson GusTAV Bachman w L. Oswald F. E. Balmer L. B. Pease 0. T. Blosmo C. H. Petri E. H. COMSTOCK R. V. Phelan C. A. Erdman E. B. Pierce J. T. Frelin J. C. Poucher F. F. Grout C. E. Rudolph E. M. Lambert M H. Reynolds T. G. Lee C. E. Rosendahl W. F. LusK C. F. Sidener J. S. Montgomery A. V. Storm J. E. Moore J. S. Young GRADUATE F. H. Swift S. T. Forsythe John Parker 1917 R. J. Garber A. W. Aamodt C. T. Fredrickson Olaf Aamodt August Neubauer L G. Berch H. L. Searles G. B. Clark V. D. Whitaker 1918 P. H. Stucky L. G. Encstrom E. C. MiLLHOUSE G. E. Incersoll 1919 C. W. Passer L. C. Anderson W. T. Williams 1920 L. A. Daum H. A. Miller PLEDGES T. 0. Young 0. W. Guilbert G. A. Nelson Leonard Kinsell Norman MacKay R. C. Kirkpatrick C. V. Rawlings G. H. Lanphear C. L. Schumann A. L. Thomas Fraternities Academic THE GOPHER -=-, ■: -Mr ' -Tt n Ki:;,«?- ii ' p;f f fl ASt(l,- _5 n, i e : ' ACACIA Founded at Ann Arbor, Michigan, 1904 Founded at Minnesota, 1906 Number of Chapters, 24 Number of Members, 3,772 m ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ D H ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R Is EGGE BURNI.NGHAM RUCHOFT BAKKEN REICHERT HUMPHREYS KESSEL JOHNSON NIELSON PARKS BROOKS JOYCE KUENTZEL FISCHER BELL OWENS DURHAM CUNNINGHAM LAUEK HIGBURC LUFT WILLIAMS HOGNESS ALPHA CHI SIGMA R. A. Baker A. R. Cade M. B. Chittick G. DiETRICHSON E. T. Fegan W. H. Hunter FACULTY R. M. West A. T. Newman E. E. Nicholson C. O. RosT C. F. Sidener W. Sternberg R. W. Thatcher H. E. Bakken O. D. Cunningham A. S. Humphreys GRADUATE S. J. Reichert F. E. Joyce W. M. Lauer C. R. Park A. D. Bell F. A. BURNINGHAM S. W. Durham W. A. Ecce W. HiCBURC 1917 C. A. Williams W. Kuentzel 0. W. Luft H. S. Marr J. C. Owens W. Thomson 1918 L. R. Brooks E. B. Fischer T. Hocness D. Johnson H. J. Kessel C. Neilson 1919 C. C. RUCHHOFT A. C. Beckel PLEDGES A. Koch D. I. Hannaford Fraternities Chemistry D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ALPHA CHI SIGMA Founded at University of Wisconsin, 1902 Founded at Minnesota, 1904 Number of Chapters, 26 Number of Members, 2,000 ■ ■ ■ ■ C J ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER PIERSON ALEXANDER GANSSLE CLEVELAND JONES C. W. RUMPF LORD TILLOTSON SCHMITT McDUFFEE BIERMAN WOOD METCALF SEDGWICK NESBIT HARTIGAN DANIEL UELAND W. H. RUMPF CAREY SKINNER HAMMER GREIC ALPHA DELTA PHI Amos Abbott Fletcher Harper Swift FACULTY Henry L. Williams Edmund Newton Arnulf Ueland L. M. Daniel Wm. H. Rumpf 1917 J. B. Carey C. Foster Palmer B. I. Scott F. T. Skinner George H. Bierman Malcolm A. Sedgwick George E. Hammer 1918 John E. Greig Harold Wood William S. McDuffee Harold C. Metcalf Mark H. Alexander Walter R. Cleveland Walter A. Jones Samuel Lord, Jr. 1919 R. B. Pierson Walter Rumpf John O. Tillotson John C. Ganssle Harold T. Nesbit 1920 John E. Hartigan Mark Anderson Sidney Hammer Harlow R. Bierman NiEL W. Upham PLEDGES Robert Gehrand Harry Norton Henry L. Williams, Jr. Walter E. Schmitt Fraternities Academic D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R ' a ALPHA DELTA PHI Founded at Hamilton, 1832 Founded at Minnesota, 1892 Number of Chapters, 24 Number of Members, 8,308 ■ ■ THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C HAWKINSON ILSE EDSON H. JOHNSON Van DYKE HAMMARGREN PHELPS HARRISON E. JOHNSON CHRISTOPHER LANG HARMER FINLEY ROBINSON ARP NEWHALL MILLER PRESTON HANSON AASE KOENEMAN COE CLAPP E. ROTH GILLILAN FRESTEDT NELSON R. ROTH ALPHA GAMMA RHO Frank C. Clapp John C. Gillilan GRADUATE Paul M. Harmer Ernest George Roth Maynard H. Coe Allen W. Edson Walter Frestedt Edwin Johnson Archie E. Lang 1917 Lawrence B. Miller HjALMER A. Nelson Allen G. Newhall Shehrill E. Robinson Charles W. Van Dyke Harold Aase Raymond Arp Warren Neil Christopher Everett A. Coe F. A. Hammargren 1918 WiLLARD TORGRIM Arnold Hawkinson George Ilse Harry Johnson Marcellus Knoblauch Guy T. Preston Fordyce Ely Clifford B. Finley Harold S. Hanson 1919 Edwin B. Harrison Ephraim Koenneman RuFus Roth Fraternities Agricultural 223 THE GOPHER ■ C iik i Q,. ALPHA GAMMA RHO Founded at Illinois, 1903 Founded at Minnesota, 1917 Number of Chapters, 12 Number of Members, 787 13 ■ ■ ■ ■ ' ■ ■■■■■■■i !■■■ THE GOHHIuK ■■■! -(■■■■■■fa j Hi lf P i e ' : H I ' K . l l fl l d Kr H HT S E ' B. ' ' 1 K K b£ I !miJm. VyH ■ if 1 " ' i rWlMUCl !H«L -1 |kk -fk. W l ■ SNELL MATTSON LARSON HATHAWAY COLE ■ HERRMANN MacLACHLIN GRUENHAGEN SALMON NERAD COLBY H PEARSON KNUDTSON HOLLEY HOLMES SMERSH HOVDE SWANSON ■ n ALHPA KAPPA KAPPA FACULTY L. B. Baldwin E. S. Judd R. 0. Beard E. A. Loomis E. H. Beckman G. L. McWhorter F. S. Bissell C. H. Mayo W. F. Braasch a. Owre U H. M. Bracken 0. Owre ■ D. F. Cameron W. R. Ramsey H W. C. Carroll C. A. Reed ■ W. H. Condit j. H. Simons ■ P. B. Cook C. R. Stanley ■ L. J. Cooke A. Sweeney [-1 E. S. Geist S. E. Sweitzer A. L. Hamel H. L. Ulrich E. W. Hansen L. B. Wilson H. G. Irvine H. W. Woltmann C. B. Wright 1917 W. W. Holley G. a. Larson C. K. Holmes F. R. Pearson U R. Hovde C. Proshek B H. M. Knutson j. Smersh i _ E. Swanson 1 ■ 1918 H W. C. C. Cole E. F. Lundquist _ W. Colby L. Murphy G. J. Hathaway L. Salmon n E. J. Herrmann A. Snell 1919 A. Gruenhagen L. C. MacLachlin C. M. Larson R. Mattson A. Nerad PLEDGES E. Brosius C. Hield U J. Cullican L. E. MacFarlane 1 H. MOERSCH _ Fraternities Medical ■ ■■■■■■■ 1 1 ■■■■! —!■■■■! !■■■■■■« THE GOPHE-R ' M p- ' fc Sit- E TL k it ' L ' [ ALPHA KAPPA KAPPA Founded at Dartmouth, 1888 Founded at Minnesota, 1898 Number of Chapters, 40 Number of Members, 5,810 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ B C ■ ■ ■ ■ U K.NUTSON BECKER HALL L. TEBERG SWENSON PUTNAM GRIMES BROWN SANDERS BRUCE PETERSON DUNLAP MAYER HARTIC WHEELER DOELL RADER NICKERSON FORTUNE RIEKMAN TURNQUIST HANSEN DOUGLASS PURDY MURRAY E. TEBERG ALPHA KAPPA SIGMA HjALMAR N. Bruce Charles E. Doell Harold L. Peterson GRADUATE Clarence N. Radeh Ernest J. Teberc Axel A. Turnquist Ward E. Becker Addison H. Douglass L. J. Dunlap Herbert V. Hansen Harry Knutson 1917 Herbert H. Wheeler John H. Murray Neal C. Nickerson George W. Putnam Herman W. Riekman Clarence Q. Swenson George L. Brown Harry G. Fortune 1918 Irving D. Purdy David Grimes Henry C. Hartic Maurice B. Hull Albert F. Mayer 1919 Theodore Sander, Jr. Lawrence E. Teberg F. Harold Hayner Norman W. Kingsley Raymond A. Lockwood Reginald McGill PLEDGES Lewis E. Merrill Rudolph H. Ranseen Page D. Warren Martin S. Wichman Fraternities Engineering ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ THE GOPHER rjSK;f ilil ss .Jj4=- -.::r-:- ' • 4 fii a:. cJ ALPHA KAPPA SIGMA Founded at Minnesota, 1911 Number of Chapters, 1 Number of Members, 100 ■ ■ ■ ■ 233 THE, GOPHER DAVIDSON DIDRICKSEN KLEINSCHMIDT GERLACH LATTA SIEBEL HAMMETT KENDALL PETERSON HAINES KREINKAMP DAVID DASSETT BURTON MIXER HOLMAN OILMAN ELLINCSEN ALPHA RHO CHI FACULTY Prof. Frederick M. Mann Prof. W. F. Holman Mr. Samuel C. Burton 1917 Willeck C. Ellincsen Harvey M. King Howard B. Gilman Linton H. Kreinkamp Walter R. Mixer 1918 Myron R. Dassett Philip H. Didbickson Harold R. Peterson 1919 Roger Harry David Henry C. Gerlach Ralph W. Hammett Howard M. Davidson 1920 D. Mathew Kendall PLEDGES Milton J. Anderson Milton M. Latta Howard N. Haines William F. Siebel Florian a. Kleinschmidt Sidney M. Strong Stewart V. Wright Fraternities Architectural ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C ALPHA RHO CHI Founded at University of Illinois and University of Michigan, 1914 Founded at Minnesota, 1916 Number of Chapters, 4 Number of members, 118 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■■■■■■ !■■■ THE GOPHE,R ■ ■■1 !■■■■■! El J Pl " Kl 1 K E I B BT ' " : BiJi b " Bflii ' pHt HK , ' W ' Rkj . Hk nil. t-,i tfi jib i JKt m H A •■■ - ■fln ' n jSk JBL ■ 0. WANGENSTEEN SPRAGUE NORMAN C. WANGENSTEEN TUPA - IVERSON JAROSCAK OVERMIRE JOHNSON SWANISH OSSANNA SULLIVAN HICKS BUTLER DASH FALLGATTER ALPHA SIGMA PHI FACULTY U William Wallace Butler Percival William Viesselman ■ " 1917 ■ Anders John Carlson ■ Victor A. Dash, Jr. r-i RussEL S. Fallgatter Fred Gaumnitz George Montgomery Hicks Joseph Dennis Sullivan 1918 Floyd M. Friar Paul Jaroscak Paul Emmeritz Norman Fredo a. Ossanna Raymond Edwin Overmire Clifford W. Pickle George Frank Taylor Charles Thomas Wancensteen _ 1919 Clarence Jay Iverson ■ Conrad Gilbert Johnson Reginald Richard Mitchell Peter Theodore Swanish |-| PLEDGES Donald H. Colby Gordon W. Sprague - LuDwiG J. Hauser Frank J. Tupa, Jr. Stanley F. Laskey Arthur B. Venberg Owen H. Wancensteen H Fraternities m Academic ■ ■■■■■■■ !■■■■! !■■■■! !■■■■■■ THE GOPHER a -H i r W- 4, ' ' - hJi ' ALPHA SIGMA PHI Founded at Yale University, 1845 Founded at Minnesota, 1916 Number of Chapters, 18 Number of Members, 2,558 =!■■■■ ■ ■ ■ THe GOPHER STEVENS EYLER GARDNER LATTA RYERSON WELLMAN McBRIDE SEVERSON WALKER MELLENTHIN GEAREY SKELLET MERGENS LAWLER DOUGLASS MELIN SOGARD TOWNLEY COLE CHITTICK BROWN ALPHA TAU OMEGA Martin B. Chittick GRADUATE Lawrence K. Lawler Charles W. Cole Arthur H. Melin Harold J. Mergens 1917 Paul Reyerson Theo. L. Sogard John L. Townley Frank H. Brown Addison Douglass Godfrey Eyler Wilbur A. Gardner 1918 Vern S. Gearey Edwin S. Severson Oliver T. Skellet Neil C. Stevens H. Walter Wellman Milton M. Latta Arthur H. McBride 1919 William Mellenthin Ralph W. Walker 1920 Fred Chapman Eugene Glasgow Miles Lawler Eugene Lund Harold McKenna Clinton Mansfield Roland Rubertus Max Stevens Fraternities Academic D ■ ■ ■ n ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C ■ M } ! X ' .X Ali.4» L a, 1 ' ALPHA TAU OMEGA Founded at Virginia Military Institute, 1865 Founded at Minnesota, 1902 Number of Chapters, 67 Number of Members, 12,540 , ' =]■■■■ THE GOPHER ' 1 I I I I I I AAMODT DAVIS WISE CARNES JOHNSON SWANSON PARTRIDGE SMITH WILLARD BRUNKOW AAMODT KIENHOLZ ODLAND JESNESS OLSON HARTLE JOHNSON MIESEN HODGSON POND SMITH NELSON MALCOMSON BALLINGER HENNING De FLON TANNER ALPHA ZETA FACULTY F. J. Alway H. H. Kildee A. C. Arny P. J. Olson R. C. ASHBY T. G. Paterson W. G. Brierly F. J. Piemeisel A. Boss F. W. Peck C. P. Bull J. T. Stewart L. Cady W. T. Tapley E. G. Cheyney R. W. Thatcher S. B. Cleland A. G. Tolaas R. C. Dahlberg W. D. Valleau M. J. Dorsey H. T. ViETS Dr. E. M. Freeman R. M. Washburn T. L. Haecker A. D. Wilson Dean A. F. Woods GRADUATE Robert Hodgson Ben Picha 1917 A. W. Malcomson 0. Aamodt C. E. MUNNS E. Ballincer Geo. Nelson M. Carnes Ted Odland C. Henning Chas. Partridge P- M. Jesness Wm. Peters A. JOHNSON Don Smith P. N. Johnson R. R. Smith B. KlENHOLZ R. Tanner A. Miesen Ed Wise 1918 H. WiLLARD A. Aamodt H. Hartle F. Brunkow F. Idtse H. Davis R. Olson L. DeFlon Geo. Pond F. Frolick H. SwANSON Fraternities Agricultural THE. GOPHE,R !..J!.C3T!.9o- " ' ,=- il fi ALPHA ZETA Founded at Ohio State University, 1897 Founded at Minnesota, 1905 Number of Chapters, 25 Number oj Members, 2,880 ■ ■ H ■ ■ ■ C 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER FROST SOMMERS WILLIAMS COBURN F. HAUSER RICHARDS SCHMITT WINTER DENNY L. HAUSER WISE ALHERS OLMSTED BYERS KURD McGILVRA SMITH SWEATT DOWNING WILLARD BETA THETA PI Joseph W. Beach Frank S. Bissel James F. Corbett Warren A. Dennis Wm. p. Kirkwood Ray R. Knight FACULTY Hubert H. Woodrow Edward E. Nicholson Everett W. Olmsted Edward H. Sirich Arnold W. Shutter Charles P. Sigerfoos Charles L. Sommers A Paul H. Byers Vernon K. Hurd 1917 Harold S. Willard Donald S. Smith Charles B. Sweatt Charles M. Denny Louis A. Hauser 1918 C. Edward Wise Donald B. McGilvra Ward H. Olmsted Allen H. Ahlers Charles Coburn D WIGHT G. Frost Frederick K. Hauser H. Laurence Richards 1919 Harrison A. Schmitt Harold G. Sommers Wendell L. Downing Marshall B. Williams Edwin H. Winter W. Lovatt Beard Charles H. Cantieny Walter W. Donley John E. Holt PLEDGES Wendell S. McRae Stanley E. Hughes Kenneth E. Kelly Gordon Kissock Warwick D. McClure Fraternities Academic ■ ■ ■ ■ J ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE R m ?% rtiF .JWciii BETA THETA PI Founded at Miami College, 1839 Founded at Minnesota, 1889 Number of Chapters, 78 Number oj Members, 2,128 3 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C JJ J WAGNER WADSWORTH THOMPSON BURCHARD INCERSOLL COX CARPENTER LOWRY MOON ROBERTSON SHELDON STRONG WEAVER HYDE CROSS R. S. COUNTRYMAN M. L. COUNTRYMAN HENRY CHI PSI Colbert Searles Dr. F. C. Todd FACULTY John S. Abbott Lyall Decker GRADUATE M. L. Countryman, Jr. Roger S. Countryman Percy G. Cowin 1917 HoLLis A. Cross Myron 0. Henry Jesse A. Carpenter Gordon E. Hyde 1918 Harry B. Weaver Samuel W. Robertson G. Frederic Strong John E. Burchard Theodore F. Cox Donald C. Incersoll 1919 G. Markham Lowry H. Leslie Sheldon S. Keith Thompson 1920 George B. Wagner Stillman Chase Burton Fohster PLEDGES Richard Ingersoll Horace Webster ■ ■ ■ C Fraternities Academic M THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C -A-, m 1 CHI PSI Founded at Union College, 1841 Founded at Minnesota, 1874 Number of Chapters, 18 Number of Members, 4,092 ■ ■ B ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■■■■■■1 !■■■ THK, r,OPHK.K ■ ■ ■ 1 1 ■ ■ ■ 1 F ' i ' Fl ' H ' ' Pt ' 1 E HK K Htj H ■p% s B Hk ' Hf H Kic I F ' ' 1 HB|P ' i B fc ' 1 F KQ JI LL JlA Hn Hw ' B 1 B ' HBjHHtjHMb ' IB H m ■ LOYE MOORMAN RAUCLAND FRASER 1 _ MELANDER MacDOUGALL BUEiNCER BLACKTIN JERRARD « ' ■ DAWSON BLESSLEY BROWN POULSEN BUCKHOUT RIEDESEL i 1 CYMA FACULTY T. U . F. M. Mann Roy Childs Jones H James H. Forsythe 1 ■ ■ 1917 ■ G. H. Prudden, Jr. D. H. Buckhout n Fred George Poulsen F. W. Brown G. M. Riedesel 1918 4; E. H. Adams R. Jerrard - R. W. C. Blessley a. J. Moorman George Fraser A. L. Raugland • ■ 1919 R. L. Blacktin E. M. Loye ■ ' ■ E. Buencer W. H. MacDougall . g J. W. Dawson A. R. Melander 7 ' n 1920 - M. L. Anderson E. 0. John „ ' D. H. Ellison Harry J. McKay ■■ ' H. D. HaASE M. J. TOWNSEND V Fraternities Architectura ■ ■■( ■■■■! !■■■■! !■■■■! !■■■ ■ ■■g. 24( ! • ' i ' 3 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER n .,. _r_ .-.L . ckL fe CYMA Founded at Minnesota, 1914 Number of Chapters, 1 Number of Members, 34 ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE,R TAYLOR TREAT GOFF O. JOHNSON DOW BUCKLEY HEALD PERRY METCALF LOHMANN FOSS THRUSH LOWE RILEY MORSE W. JOHNSON FRASER LUNDEEN GREAZA OLIEN HARRIS KENNEDY GRAY POOLE LUND FRYOR WEIKERT MUDGE BOWE DELTA CHI H. J. Fletcher FACULTY E. G. LORENTZEN Charles Bowe William C. Johnson George Fraser Charles S. Goff Walter N. Greaza Charles W. Harris Roger L. Kennedy Joseph D. Lowe Eli R. Lund 1917 1918 Arthur B. Poole Leland M. Pryor David Lundeen Leslie H. Morse Norman E. Mudce Charles H. Olien Kenneth V. Riley Waldo B. Thrush Claire I. Weikebt Edward T. Buckley Neal C. Dow Cyril C. Foss Robert B. Gray George A. Heald 1919 Oscar G. Johnson Lewis E. Lohmann Alan L. Metcalf Hazen T. Perry Allison T. Taylor 1920 Floyd C. Treat George Hollenbeck James Moore PLEDGES IvERS Riley Austin Weedell Fraternities Academic THt GOPHE,R ' mucv - " m ' ' - . DELTA CHI Founded at Cornell University, 1890 Founded at Minnesota, 1892 Number of Chapters, 23 Number of Members, 3,875 ■ ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER Mil, SHARPE EMERY O ' CONNOR TOWEY WYMAN SHANNON FRENZEL HALL DOLLIFF SCHRADER RITTENHOUSE SMITH BEAL GALLOGLY HUEY WAY SANDERS JERNALL FRANK WYATT ALLEY RAINEY DELTA KAPPA EPSILON H. S. Abbott J. S. Abbott R. A. Baker Richard Burton John W. Butler A. B. Gates J. T. Gerould FACULTY J. B. Woolnough Gharles L. Greene Gharles S. Jelley Gyrus Northrop H. P. Ritchie Gharles A. Savage A. C. Strachauer George E. Vincent Raymond G. Alley Harry Frank Paul Frenzel 1917 Oswald S. Wyatt Thomas F. Gallocly M. Roy Jernall Morton J. Rainey Ralph B. Beal Harold G. Huey Vernon O ' Gonnor MacVeigh J. Regan 1918 Parker D. Sanders Robert E. Towey Milden Way Arnold D. Wyman Roger P. Dolliff George G. Emery Robert H. Hall 1919 William Smith David Rittenhouse J. Ernest Schrader Donald Sharp Kingsley Day Danporth W. Field 1920 S. W. Hamilton Walter E. Stremel Fraternities Academic ■ ■ THt GOPHER ■ C ' ■■ ■I ' ; !- ' ' - H , S. DELTA KAPPA EPSILON _ tt Founded at Yale University, 1S44 Established at Minnesota, 1889 Number of Chapters, 43 Number of Members, 18,923 m ■ ■ THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ »..«i HARA SWENSON MCCUINN KIRKPATRICK REED BRANDT BAWLEY CARPENTER OLSON SAUSBURT C. JOHNSON SHAW LA FHENIEHE THORSON H. JOHNSON WOODRUFF MINOR BUCK PIERSON BERGESON CONNELL SAEVIG HARTWIC RADKE WOLTER WHITAKER HARTIG SHACKELL HAVEN MILLER HARPER MCKENZIE PFEIFFER HANSEN HEALY FEE COLBURN DELTA SIGMA DELTA FACULTY MEMBERS Dr. T. B. Hartzell Dr. H. a. Maves Dr. C. a. Griffith Dr. H. J. Leonard Dr. C. Herman Dr. J. M. Walls Dr. M. O. Pattridce Dr. R. S. Maybary R. H. Pfeiffer M. D. Mackenzie A. P. Hansen C. J. Healy W. K. Haven J. B. Fee H. E. Johnson G. A. Johnson F. T. Kirkpatric J. A. Salisbury M. A. Miller E. R. Carpenter H. R. Brandt W. H. Hagen E. J. Sullivan F. C. James F. M. Howe M. W. QUIGLEY Dr. J. F. Shellman Dr. p. S. Parker Dr. R. E. Ramaker Dr. R. E. Harker Dr. R. W. Countryman Dr. j. M. Damon Dr. R. R. Henry Dr. C. E. Rudolf Dr. W. D. Veke Dr. Chas. Wiethoff Dr. H. S. Godfrey Dr. a. S. Wells Dr. N. J. Cox Dr. E. E. MacGibbon Dr. W. C. Naegeli Dr. H. C. Beers 1917 F. W. Harper V. D. Whitaker M. A. Miller A. W. WoLTER J. E. Connell L. M. Radke L. B. Bergersen H. 0. Shackell R. P. Hartig D. W. CoLBURN L. L. PlERSON J. I. Hartwic J. J. Saevig 1918 C. L. Miner H. S. Woodruff R. C. Olson H. A. Thorson J. G. LaFreniere C. R. SWENSEN W. V. Buck J. A. McGinn W. S. Shaw J. A. Peterson 1919 R. K. Hawley S. G. Mara R. M. Reed RESHMAN PLEDGES M. H. Thornton E. L. Johnson Wm. Crowley Benj. Lan L. V. Downing A. Frank Johnson A. F. Johnson T. C. Doyle RoBT. Reed L. C. Krause Henry Buzzard Fraternities Dentistry ■ ■ ■ c 252 ■ ■ THE GOPHER ' ' " )-,, F ' W t ' -C: 4.iE™l;x DELTA SIGMA DELTA Founded at University of Michigan, 1883 Founded at Minnesota, 1894 Number of Chapters, 26 Number of Members, 5,363 =!■■■■ ■ ■■■■■■B ■! 1 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ i ! ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■■ 2 ■ 1 ■ L L» H| fe B| E H K [ " X l S FO Hj C B . I K Hi HF ' B B KLS ' 1 1 VAN NEST SAMELS FLYNN PARKER K. UROS fleury ■ VON ROHR ROBERTSON BRICGS ECKENBECK DAHLE g STORM E. BROS BEUHLER KIBBLE HANSON JOHNSON DELTA TAU DELTA FACULTY C. C. Bean S. L. Hoyt F. C. Shenehon ■ ■ 1917 ■ HoBERT Benepe Eucene Hanson m Ernest Bros Perry Johnson Edwin Buehler George Ribbel Everett Eckenbeck Paul Storm ■ 1918 Kenneth Bricgs Paul Flynn Chester Dahle Herbert Von Rohr g, 1919 _ Raymond Bros James Robertson 1 Edward Fleury Raymond Samels ■ ■ Leslie Parker Arthur Sullivan ■ - Clifford Pugh Leland Van Nest 1920 George Andersch Earl Knudtsen Donald Eraser Leslie Maxson Dewey Gruenhagen Karl Rahn Henry Jenswold Ronald Reis Guy Johnson Valentine Sherman ' Fraternities | Academic 1 ■■ 1 ■ ■■■■■■■! !■ ' ■■■! !■■■■! i ■ ■ ■ ■ MM J THE GOPHE-R ZZ) M ' 4( " » DELTA TAU DELTA Founded at Bethany College, 1859 Founded at Minnesota, 1883 Number of Chapters, 60 Number of Members, 14,053 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER CRAVEN KLEFFMAN MATSON KNOCKE HOLDHUSEN ROSENQUEST BOLSTA THOMPSON LEONARD EKMAN WHITE MAYER SCRIVEN FABER BUTCHART McLEOD BOOHER MICHAEL ACTON PEGELOW HALL NELSON DELTA THETA PHI 1917 H. J. Acton H. McLeod J. Kernan C. L. Pecelow 1918 F. Michael H. BoLSTA F. Mayer F. HOLDHUSEN L. J. SCRIVEN 1919 R. Nelson E. BuTCHART E. Knoche E. Ekman B. Leonard H. Hall H. Mercens E. W. Kleffman V. S. White 1920 G. Faber PLEDGES S. Matson L. McNally H. Pool Fraternities Law D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER z L-ik " -( 4. J ji J,._„. J J il , DELTA THETA PHI Founded at Baldwin University, 1900 Mitchell Senate Founded at Minnesota, 1904 Number of Chapters, 45 Number of Members, 4,500 THE, GOPHER BLESER AURNESS SMITH TYRA MONTGOMERY JOHNSON RUSSELL TAYLOR BUFFINGTON GILBERT R. TRYON KEEN SHERWIN MARA CUMMINGS DICKENSON HARRIS BURNS PETRI P. TRYON GARY CHAPMAN DALE HOLZINGER DELTA UPSILON L. M. Croscrave E. R. Hare J. H. Gray FACULTY A. J. Todd Karl J. Holzinger H. H. Kildee J. C. Litzenberc GRADUATE J. Charnley McKinley Karl E. Bleser Edwin H. ChapiMan Charles M. Dale 1917 Philip D. Tryon Franklin Petri John R. Ritchie Romayne Taylor Wendell T. Burns Evan F. Gary Gordon J. Gummings Kenneth Dickinson G. Erskine Harris Rolf C. Aurness Gilbert Buffincton Walter Donley Guy Hilleboe 1918 1919 Christian Hilleboe B. Fillmore Johnson Harold C. Keen John Arthur Russell Carroll W. Sherwin Samuel G. Mara Herbert L. Montgomery Richard M. Tryon Arthur F. Tyra Howard F. Gilbert 1920 1921 Clifford G. Salt Dayton Smith William F. Arnoldy Ralph H. Creighton M. Ted Evans Perceval H. Hawes PLEDGES Wendell Latham Gordon C. MacRae Victor H. Troendle Victor R. Wood Leslie D. Zeleny Fraternities Academic THE GOPHER 1 tnmwi DELTA UPSILON Founded at WiUiams College, J834 Founded at Minnesota, 1889 Number oj Chapters, 43 Number of Members, 1,036 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ICKLER McCUNE LENHART ALDENDERFER MICKELSEN RAYMER GUJER R. E. JOHNSON BAILEY JERRARD WINSLOW HARTMAN F. FISCHER HANSON PATTRIDGE STUDNESS BRANHAM E. FISCHER R. V. JOHNSON ORSINGER SOULE SERUM FULLERTON DIVET ANDERSON KAPPA SIGMA Edward I. Anderson Earle B. Fischer 1917 James E. Troup Herbert V. Hanson Mark M. Serum F. Wray Aldenderfer A. Kittredge Bailey, Jr. Donald Branham Donovan R. Divet D. Harry Fullerton Nels a. Gunderson Walther L. Jerrard Russell V. Johnson Raymond E. Johnson 1918 M. Paul Kruse Roy F. Lenhart Stanley M. Mickelsen Gunther Orsi ncer Walter H. Pattridge Harold F. Soule Leo C. Studness Elling Thygeson Frederick A. Waterous Frederick Fischer Elton H. Gujer Walter K. Hartman 1919 Harold Ickler Guy E. McCune Walter H. Raymer Raymond M. Winslow Reginald Bannister Leon Branham Harry Brown George Hardesty Howard Heath PLEDGES James Werdenhoff Frank Kruse Wyman Lammers Hollis Paecel Robert Persons Ellsworth Roberts Fraternities Academic ■ ■ ■ ■ tl THE GOPHER :iy 3 = ' . KAPPA SIGMA Founded at University of Virginia, 1869 Founded at Minnesota, 1901 Number of Chapters, 84 Number of Members, 14,500 ■ ■ ■ ■ E THE GOPHER EKLUND RICHARDSON KENNEDY CAREY HARTLEY DIEHL BUSCHER HAWKIMS McGEARY McKINLEY HUTCHINSON SUND GEER JEPSON ANDERSON Dr. .1. S. Abbott Dr. A. w . Abbott Dr. F. L. Adair Dr. E. L. Baker Dr. A. H. Bearu Dr. A. W Bell Dr. E. D. Brown Dr. F. E. Burch Dr. John Butler Dr. .1. T. Christison Dr. .1. F. CoRBETT Dr. T. H. Dickson Dr. C. A. Erdman Dr. C. D. Freeman Dr. E. L. Gardner Allen T. Acnew Allen R. Anderson Robert L. Christie Edward D. Anderson Herbert Busher Kenneth S. Caldwell Harold S. Diehl J. Bain Carey Adam R. Blakey Emun Christensen Lewis M. Daniel L. Haynes Fowler Charles C. Gault NU SIGMA NU FACULTY Dr. G. F. Gilfillan Dr. H. p. Ritchie Dr. a. J. Gillette Dr. R. I. RlZER Dr. a. R. Hall Dr. H. E. Robertson Dr. a. S. Hamilton Dr. J. T. Rogers Dr. Earl Hare Dr. J. L. Rothrock Dr. E. J. Huenekens Dr. R. E. SCAMMON Dr. W. J. Kremer Dr. J. R. Schneider Dr. W. p. Larson Dr. F. H. Scott Dr. a. a. Law Dr. F. W. Schlutz Dr. J. C. LlTZENBEIiC Dr. J. P. Sedgwick Dr. C. 0. Maland Dr. A. C. Strachauer Dr. a. T. Mann Dr. F. C. Todd Dr. J. E. Moore Dr. P. A. Ward Dr. a. W. Morrison Dr. S. M. White Dr. F. H. Poppe Dr. F. R. Wright Dr. C. E. Riccs 1917 Everett K. Geer Roscoe Jepson Charles J. Hutchinson Adolph G. Sund .1918 Clifford T. Ekelund Everett C. Hartley Arthur J. Hawkins Harry T. Kennedy 1919 George L. Kennedy PLEDGES Elmer C. Hanson Myron O. Henry Theodore Muller Harold T. Nesbit Florien Vaughn Donald McCarthy George McGeary J. Charnly McKinley Arthur A. Zierold Harold E. Richardson C. Foster Palmer Erling S. Platou William H. Rumpf Adam M. Smith G. Frederic Strong Fraternities Medical =]■■■■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER ■ C NU SIGMA NU Founded at University of Michigan, 1882 Founded at Minnesota, 1891 Number of Chapters, 32 Number of Members, 5,500 ■ ■ ■ ■ =!■■■■ THE- GOPHER ■ ■ B C n DOYLE HEIMAKK HAAS LOCKEN ADAMS HERRMANN SAHR JONES FARNHAM FRENCH BEHMLER A. SMITH YOUNG LANGE WALLINGA CRANDALL STURRE SWENDSEN SYBILRUD CALKINS RUTLEDGE ROSENTHAL CONSTANS SARGEANT M. SMITH PEYTON PHI BETA PI Dr. E. T. Bell Dr. H. E. Binger Dr. p. F. Brown Dr. W. E. Camp Dr. W. a. Fansler Dr. E. M. Hammes Dr. F. B. Kingsbury Geo. M. Constans Boles A. Rosenthal Howard L. Sarceant Leroy a. Calkins Wm. G. Crandall John N. Perkins Wm. T. Peyton FACULTY 1917 1918 John W. Wallinca Dr. J. S. Macnie Dr. F. S. McKenney Dr. S. p. Rees Dr. E. T. F. Richards Dr. L. G. Rowntree Dr. C. a. Stewart Dr. Rood Taylor Sam B. Solhaug Millard F. Smith Chester O. Tanner Lloyd H. Rutledce Julius R. Sturre Carl G. Swendsen Hjalmar W. Sybilrud Julius Adams Fred W. Behmler Russell M. Farnham Henry S. French Aloys T. Haas Julius J. Heimark 1919 Tom 0. Young Siegfried F. Herrmann Hugh T. Jones Alfred E. Lange Oscar E. Locken Walter G. C. Sahr Arthur F. Smith 1920 Larry 0. Doyle Leon Adams Lucius F. Badger Paul N. Jepson Leroy B. Larson Frank B. Morrissey PLEDGES Geo. a. Miners Ed Ranier Fred Richardson F. P. Silvernale Raymond Sullivan Fraternities Medical ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER m-} . ' ' ff ' » - ' . m - ' i J Im " [ ' v m .■ . - -4! aesfi£= PHI BETA PI Founded at University of Pittsburgh, 1891 Xi Chapter Founded at Minnesota, 1905 Number of Chapters, 33 Number of Members, 6,000 3 ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER SHARPLESS ANDERSON KINGMAN LAYNE KINCH JOHNSON MADSEN BLOOMQUIST ULVEN CARLSON AMBERG BERG VAALER EICHINGER FLANDERS PHI DELTA CHI Dr. G. Bachman Dr. F. K. Butters FACULTY Dean F. J. Wullinc Dr. E. L. Newcomb H. L. Rogers Leonard Berg Roy Carlson Howard Eichinger 1917 Walter Johnson Verner Peterson Raymond Vaaler Raymond Amberg 1918 George Layne Claire Flanders Harley Anderson Bernhardt Blomquist Guy Hoviland Gerhart Kingman 1919 Harvey Kinch Leo Madsen Clarence Sharpless Clarence Ulven Raymond Davidson PLEDGES Cecil Shay George Gibbs Fraternities Pharmacy H ■ ■ ■ ■ c M THL GOPHER ,.r- TjLx— PHI DELTA CHI Founded at University of Michigan, 1883 Theta Chapter Founded at Minnesota, 1904 Number of Chapters, 17 Number of Members, 3,570 m ■ ■ :]■■■■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C JENNINGS TIMERMAN MILLER LARSON HLEV DOUGHERTY TOWEY SPRIGGS EVENSEN DAHLE BALLENTINE HAUCE SCOTT DOERR ANDERSON YOUNG HALE SHANNON DAVIS TOWNLEY McMillan BASTON H. a. miller SHELLEY ALLEY GAUSEWITZ FRENZEL MOORHEAD O ' HEARN PHI DELTA PHI W. R. Vance Howard S. Abbott W. M. Jerome FACULTY E. M. Morgan E. S. Thurston James Paige Raymond C. Alley Albert Baston Paul Frenzel Alfred Gausewitz Norman Hauge Arthur McMillan 1917 Donald Young Arthur Miller William Moorhead Thomas O ' Hearn Paul Scott Walter Shelley John Townley Wingate Anderson James Ballentine Charles Davis WiLLARD DoERR 1918 Clarence Miller Emmett Dougherty QuiNCY Hale Elmer Jennings Herbert Miller Clarence Dahle Thorolf Evensen Harold Huey 1919 Gates Timerman Earl Larson Walter Spriggs Robert Towey Fraternities Law ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■. ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C -O, PHI DELTA PHI Founded at University of Michigan, 1869 Founded at Minnesota, 1891 Number of Chapters, 46 Number of Members, 11,500 " I i " " ii " iiimimijiiiiiiiiim iiiiiiiL i iii i ii im ii i iini i i n iiii i ii n j u l Mj i mii i i M i n i imm i H ii a i i iiii iMi ni N iii i i i ii iH iii aiBi ii i ii li il llll l l llll llll i mil lll Mm i l lll llll ll l l l i llin i Mi i ll l l ll l l lll ll l ai THL GOPHER D. ANDERSON H. BLANCHETT HAERTEL KLOSSNER MATTSON CARROLL LEWIS OSWALD H. ANDERSON HOLMGREN JAEGER MILLER K. ANDERSON WILLIAMS HILLS LEWIS OEHLER HUNTTING WASHBURN HEALY SHROEDER PHI DELTA THETA FACULTY Dean Geo. B. Frankforter Everhart p. Harding Arthur S. Hamilton Thomas G. Lee 1917 Thomas B. Hartzell K. C. Healy K. F. Oehler C. E. Huntting F. M. Washburn C. E. Lewis 1918 T. R. Williams H. E. Blanchett C. Mattson P. S. Carroll C. J. Miller Y. B. Hills J. F. Oswald R. Klossner 1919 A. K. SCHROEDER D. G. Anderson W. G. Haertel H. Anderson W. Holmgren K. Anderson G. Lewis 1920 E. M. Jaeger T. W. Brown J. G. Huntting K. F. Davis V. W. Johnson E. C. Erdmann W. F. Kerchner . .1. Gray L. L. McLellan R. W. Hoese T. R. WiRTH A. E. Pierce Fraternities Academic 2 ■ ■ ■ THt GOPHE-R " ou t ?;)«„ •• - " ic, ? Iff ilf- . Jt . T,Ai.3ToH ' - — PHI DELTA THETA Founded at Miami University, 1848 Alpha Chapter Founded at Minnesota, 1881 Number oj Chapters, 79 Number of Members, 21,494 D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER IJJAJ CHRYSLER TOMASEK JORDAN MORRISON BEINHORN K. JOHNSTON BACON HURD LAUBACH GEIB BENZ KERFOOT CREIG BATES EDER PLATOU LUGER MULLER EVENSEN TIMERMAN R. JOHNSTON SPRICGS PAULSON PHI GAMMA DELTA Lotus D. Coffman William F. Holman Chas. E. Skinner Wallace Notestein August C. Krey FACULTY Solon J. Buck Daniel Ford F. E. BuRCH S. M. Salyer J. M. Walls Everett K. Geer Walter J. Sprigcs GRADUATE Ralph E. Johnston Paul S. Kerfoot Thorolf G. Evensen 1917 Donald Timerman Theodore R. Muller Earl B. Paulson Erlinc S. Platou Irving J. Lucer F. Gregory Medcalf 1918 Clifford V. Pratt Philip J. Geib, Jr. Paul B. Greic Lucas M. Bacon Anthony T. Tomasek Herbert G. Benz Cecil C. Hurd Clayton D. Chrysler Howard L. Eder Gordon R. Bates 1919 J. Byron Morrison W. Paul Beinhorn Frank W. Jordan Kenneth A. Johnston Arthur H. Laubach Milton A. Jacobsen Anthony G. Sparboe PLEDGES Edmund E. Bates Robert L. Grathwol Wm. Fred Stanley Fraternities Academic THE GOPHER • % B m m ' v: t ' h, ■ " !( ' IP ' IL ' -ii » ' - PHI GAMMA DELTA Founded at Jefferson College, 1848 Founded at Minnesota, 1890 Number of Chapters, 60 Number of Members, 15,362 D ■ ■ ■ ■ 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R BARTLETT KELLY CHASE H. GILLEN DANAHER W. GRANDLM W. SCHMID OLSON DILL R. SCHMID MORRISSEY RANDALL J. BOYLE C. GRANDIN GILBERT CANT SULLIVAN STONE JAS. BOYLE TIMBERLAKE C. GILLEN NOTESTEIN PHI KAPPA PSI FACULTY Dr. Carleton Brown Dean W. R. Vance ■ ■ James D. Boyle Howard B. Cant Charles W. Gillen 1917 James S. Notestien Charles W. Stone Daniel C. Sullivan Harold C. Timberlake 1918 John W. Boyle John G. Dill Harold W. Gillen Charles L. Grandin, Jr. John G. Morrissey George W. Olson Larcom Randall Roland C. Schmid Walter Bartlett Chauncy G. Chase Albert T. Danaher 1919 Wayne Gilbert Frank Kelly Walter W. Schmid Marshall Bartlett Robert Fischer William W. Grandin Frank Hall Preston Halliday 1920 Philip Mars Wallace Moorehead Eugene Paulson Raymond Pierce Clinton Smith Fraternities Academic ■ THE GOPHER -- n rm PHI KAPPA PSI Founded at Jefferson College, 1852 Founded at Minnesota, 1888 Number of Chapters, 46 Number of Members, 14,412 D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE- GOPHE-R A %iA ¥ P BAKER DANIELS HEYWOOD SUIACIIT W. S. DWAN DENNY GRACE HANSEN BUHR HELMING LEISEN MORRISSEY HOLLEY MILLER C. W. DWAN CUMMINGS OVIATT CARNES PHI KAPPA SIGMA E. W. Davies FACULTY A. C. HoDCE GRADUATE Joseph E. Cummings NoRRis K. Carnes Alonzo G. Grace William W. Holley 1917 Fayette J. Meade Frank L. Miller Philip M. Oviatt William S. Dwan Charles W. Dwan George W. Hauser 1918 Harlan C. Hansen Sidney B. Heywood Frank B. Morrissey Russell D. Baker Oscar L. Buhr 1919 Erwin H. Schacht Grant C. Helming Raymond J. Leisen Harry A. Daniels 1921 Walter W. Denny Neal A. Arntson Dean U. Bakke Gerald F. Case Virgil R. Grace PLEDGES Jerome E. Johns Clarence M. Movius George Movius Paul C. Nelson Donald G. Tollefson Fraternities Academic m m THE GOPHER " A- " -. — . -„„,u„i, ' " . y " M9t ii 1 PHI KAPPA SIGMA Founded at University of Pennsylvania, 1850 Founded at Minnesota, 1915 Number of Chapters, 29 Number of Members, 5,721 ■ C THE GOPH R SCHOLTES LUNDHOLM FLANKERS SODERLIND JOHNSON LICK HARBO SPRAFKA HULTKRANZ ZANGER GAUSEMEL LANGHOFF LOWE BRECEL FLAGSTAD NELSON BORGESON SEIFERT BROKER SLATER FJELLMAN ANDREASSEN GROEBNER SCHUTT LARSON FRITSCHE FREED MULDER PHI RHO SIGMA FACULTY Dr. C. C. Chatterton Dr. E. J. Engberg Dr. J. H. FoRSYTHE Dr. H. J. Hf.rtig E. C. Andreassen F. G. Anderson 0. J. Freed A. Fritsche e. j. borceson Fred L. Brecel W. L. Broker R. E. Fjellman S. Gausemel H. H. Holm A. E. Flacstad A. Johnson H. E. Harbo Joel Hultkranz ' A. Lundholm Dr. T. G. Lee Dean E. P. Lyon Dr. H. Newhart Dr. H. p. Nordley 1917 0. Groebner A. M. Larsen G. L. Merkert G. F. NORDEN AY L. Schutt 1918 C. L. Lick T. A. Lowe J. L. Mulder A. G. Flankers H. J. Scholtes E. P. Slater 1919 0. N. Nelson L. Seifert J. Sprafka 1920 R. SoDERLIND B. Dvorak A. Lanchoff H. Zanger 1 Fraternities Medical ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER i: UCX :i -J- - r PHI RHO SIGMA Founded at Chicago, 1890 Founded at Minnesota, 1904 Number of Chapters, 28 Number of Members, 3,708 THE, GOPHE.R H. BAYARD FLAXEN R. BAYARD CHISHOLM HEWETT MOORE PLONTY GRACIE YOUNG BASTON DAVIS GLOTTFELTER GRANFIELD SHACKELL PHI SIGMA KAPPA Albert E. Jenks Frederick W. Schultz FACULTY Charles W. Glotfelter Carlyle M. Scott J. P. Wentlinc GRADUATE Thomas H. Granfield Maurice W. Hewitt Albert P. Baston David R. Chisholm Samuel C. Gale 1917 George R. Glottfelter Harold Shackell Donald A. Young Robert P. Bayard 1918 Earle W. Plonty Charles H. Davis Alex. E. Brown Harry F. Bayard 1919 Frank G. Moore MiLO G. Flaten Ralph D. Gracie Henry C. Chadbourn Melvin C. Dahl Edward Endress Henry I. Fossen Harry L. Greenlief PLEDGES Wallace W. Hankins George P. Hough Walter R. Mauseau Raymond C. Raiter Clyde M. Rand Hermann C. Wehmann Fraternities Academic ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER ■ PHI SIGMA KAPPA Founded at Massachusetts Agricultural College, 1873 Founded at Minnesota, 1910 Number of Chapters, 29 Number of Members, 4,083 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHE.R ■ ■ B C THOMAS EVERETT BUTLER POEHLER NICHOLS CROCKER LILLY DOW CULLUM SCHURMEIER GEROW HURLEY BOUTELLE MOORHEAD LOCKE PARKER PSI UPSILON F. Keally F. C. Mann F. M. Mann FACULTY J. B. Pike H. F. Nachtbieb J. C. Hutchinson S. F. Pattison F. W. BoUTELLE F. W. Hurley 1917 W. C. MoORHEAD S. L. Parker L. P. Butler R. A. CuLLUM T. G. Gerow 1918 R. D. Thomas E. J. Lilly J. L. Locke G. B. Schurmeier P. L. Crocker L. H. Dow 1919 H. Everett J. M. Nichols H. M. BuRCHARD F. M. Egan J. B. DvflNNELL PLEDGES E. T. Young A. R. Helm K. B. O ' Brien E. J. Schwager Fraternities Academic 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ r THE, GOPHER ■ ■ a C ' -ms. =rr- 1 1 !, ■|--!r r ' -,n»..,.rp ; }hi rpyi M V- ' §-: 0 4 1 w iiiii fc . PSI UPSILON Founded at Union. College, 1833 Founded at Minnesota, 1891 Number oj Chapters, 25 Number of Members, 13,250 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER 17 I |« 1 DAVIS STILES SWANSON BABCOCK BOO DONALD STEELE PRENTICE HATHAWAY LONG MERTENS KOPPLIN REDMOND H. J. MILLER A. B. MILLER SHELLY PACKARD DOPP DENNIS GRAWERT SIGMA ALPHA EPSILON R. C. Dennis J. Lawrence Dopp Arthur Grawert 1917 Walter Shelly RoscoE Jepson A. B. Miller C. P. Packard E. H. KoFPLIN Clare Long H. J. Miller 1918 Elbert Quimby R. T. Steele Herbert Swanson LoREN C. Babcock C. R. Boo R. D. Davis G. A. Donald Paul T. Hathaway Werner Hempstead 1919 Harold Lund R. P. Mertens J. Watson Prentice Max E. Redmond R. C. Stiles Philip D. Stokes Alvin Anderson Charles Darling Herman Davies PLEDGES Charles Shepard Warren Hamburg Alfred Scheldrup Steven Sherman Fraternities Academic 3 U THE GOPHER - ' • " ' y ._--__r i SIGMA ALPHA EPSILON Founded at University of Alabama, 1856 Founded at Minnesota, 1902 Number of Chapters, 83 Number of Members, 17,000 m m u ■ ■ ■ THE- GOPHE-R MOSES GINGOLD GREENGARD LEVY KULBERG FRIEDMAN MASLON WILK GOLDSTEIN SCHULMAN L, WEISS SHAPIRO ZALKIND COHEN G. WEISS GREEN SIGMA ALPHA MU 1917 1918 1919 Mandel M. Lew 1920 Dewey Friedman PLEDGES Herman A. Goldstein Samdel H. Maslon [.EC M. ScHULMAN Joseph Cohen Felix Moses Maurice Rosenberg George Weiss Benjamin A. Gingold Morris Green Morse J. Shapiro Louis R. Weiss E. Reno Wilk Bernard C. Zalkind Ralph H. Greengard Samuel R. Kulberc Fraternities Special THE GOPHE-R D a= -rj ' ' " " ! ' T .,- CS SIGMA ALPHA MU Founded at University of City 0) New York, 1909 Founded at Minnesota, 1915 Number of Chapters, 12 Number of Members, 393 ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE R STRONG TUTTLE HANSON HEDIN STILES MULHOLLAND BALLENTINE WALLACE KENNEDY CHRISTIE G. SINCLAIR JONES A. SINCLAIR EMERY HAGGART PRUDDEN KURTZMAN CENTER STADSVOLD ANDERSON SIGMA CHI WiNGATE Anderson William A. Kennedy 1917 Gilbert Sinclair Francis Stadsvold Carleton S. Wallace James Ballentine Robert L. Christie Harold C. Center 1918 Lauren Tuttle Harry Haggart Stanley Mulholland Frank D. Strong Floyd Emery William Hanson 1919 Harold Kurtzman Wilbur Styl James Bockler Webster Hedin 1920 Allen Sinclair Earle Jones Weston Prudden George Anderson Charles Bockler Arthur Bowe Alvin Bowe Kenneth Godwin Colin McDonald PLEDGES Eugene Patton Seass Rockwell Ivan Rustad Rodney Waldron Macnider Weatherby Everett Williams Fraternities Academic THE GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ SIGMA CHI Founded at Miami University, 1855 Founded at Minnesota, 1888 Number of Chapters, 69 Number of Members, 14,980 m m D ■ ■ ■ ■ C THL GOPHER MATHERLY KLEINSCHMIDT LEE REINHARDT BENTON GEORGE WORSHAM MARSHALL HARRINGTON IRWIN JULIEN CARLSON JULES DUNNAVAN NORTH WILLIAMS DYKMAN FEENEY McBEATH SIGMA NU Dr. C. a. Boreen FACULTY W. H. Emmons William 0. George GRADUATE Walter J. Matherly A. H. Carlson H. S. Feeney F. H. Irwin 1917 A. A. Kleinschmidt C. S. Kramer W. R. L. Reinhardt L. W. Benton P. H. Dunnavan H. O. Dykman H. 0. Harrington J. A. Janzen 1918 R. E. Voss C. W. Lee G. Mace H. E. Nelson V. M. Williams C. G. WoRSHAM H. F. Hanson M. A. Howard A. W. Julian 1919 E. C. McBeath C. W. Marshall E. J. North E. C. Bather J. M. Feeney H. S. Jaax R. F. Jaax PLEDGES H. A. Jules A. G. Moffat E. Rydlun P. G. Smith P. J. Strickland Fraternities Academic 290 THE GOPHER , ' g? cj rr ' ' y t ' iiti, ' ' w V ■ SIGMA NU Founded at Virginia Military Institute, 1869 Founded at Minnesota, 1904 Number of Chapters, 72 Number of Members, 14,73S THE GOPHE-R MACKINTOSH HARTLE PANKOW STILLWELL NORTHFIELD MARTIN PARTRIDGE ANDERSON WILLIS SIGMA PHI EPSILON FACULTY W. J. Plummer F. R. Adams D. D. Geddes 1917 C. A. Partridge B. S. Willis P. O. Anderson H. K. Hartle H. H. Lund 1918 P. J. Stillwell D. L. Mackintosh 0. O. Myhre 1. H. NORTHFIELD H. A. Love 1919 L. J. Pankow Don MacRae 1920 A. J. Martin C. I. Erickson R. C. Erickson A. B. Hendrickson H. F. Hinckley G. W. HuTCHINS E. W. McElligott PLEDGES W. ,1. McElligott C. F. Moore C. V. Netz E. G. Place A. W. Spellacy W. C. Stillwell Fraternities Academic. ■ THE GOPHER B C - - .- .c.x; . SIGMA PHI EPSILON Founded at Richmond College, 1901 Founded at Minnesota, 1916 Number of Chapters, 41 Number of Members, 4,000 !)■■■■ THE GOPHER MATTSON OLSON ECLOV NORDEN OLBERC NOBLE MELANDER JOHNSON ERLANDSON GABRIELSON LYSEN DAHLQUIST HAMMARGREN ECKMAN GUNNARSON FOSSUM SILVER RINGSTROM PETERSON SAMUELSON LAWSON LINDEN ANDERSON STRAND HOGLUND SVITHIOD A. A. Stomberg D. F. SwENSON FACULTY R. 0. Green 0. W. Oestlund A. Walfred Johnson Harold Boquist GRADUATE Hugo Rincstrom Laurence Eckman Edwin Erlandson Walter Frestedt Arthur Fossum Leonard Gabrielson 1917 Herbert Hoglund Henninc Linden Chester Olson Roy G. Olson Jay B. Peterson E. O. Anderson Rudolph Anderson John Dahlquist Leslie Engstrom F. A. Hammarcren 1918 Charles Wanberc Willis Lawson J. E. Lysen Paul A. Samuelson Victor L. Silver Harry Strand Arthur Gunnarson Vincent Johnson 1919 Leonard W. Melander Godfrey Olberc Axel Johnson Alvin R. Mattson 1920 John Noble Lemuel Norden Paul Mattson William Morell PLEDGES J. Richards Aurelius Paul Hample Fraternities Special THE GOPHE.R a iSs; . --.- y . . - 1, (M " " W . _ . SVITHIOD Founded at University of Minnesota, 1911 Number of Chapters, 1 Number of Members, 65 ' uiuLiiiiiirii iiiTMif ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER cr Si MOLSKNESS SWEET KINDWALL REEVE SCHULZ ILSTRUP EVANSON COTTON LONG HOARD GUSTAFSON CARLSON WELSH LANGLAND PETERSON ANDERSON DOANE DAHMS TAU KAPPA EPSILON Leo W. Dahms 1918 Joseph A. Jensen William T. Hoard C. Herbert Anderson Edwin J. Berkvam Ernest Cotton F. Wayne Doane Clifford A. Evanson Charles R. Gustafson Elvin O. Ilstrup 1919 Harvey A. Welsh Harold S. Langland Glen D. Long Nels S. Molskness Arthur P. Peterson C. Hubert Reeve William H. Schulz Ray R. Sweet 1920 C. Philip Carlson SPECIAL Josef A. Kindwall Fraternities Academic THE GOPHER r jJi ' TAU KAPPA EPSILON Founded at Illinois W esleyan University, 1899 Founded at Minnesota, 1917 Number of Chapters, 8 Number of Members, 482 3 ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE R ■ ■ ■ C GREENMAN JONES BABCOCK HALE SWIGART DASSETT KLASS HARRISON K. HAUSER SMITH ELDREDCE BRANTON GILLESPIE EHRENBERG MERRILL WOLTER V. HAUSER THETA DELTA CHI Paul S. Gillespie Victor P. Hauser 1917 William E. Hubbard Gordon E. Merrill Amadeus F. Wolter Dana E. Babcock Kenneth S. Caldwell Myron Dassett Field F. Eldredce QuiNCY H. Hale 1918 Landreth M. Harrison Perce R. Harrison Karl W. Hauser Carl Lagerquist Philip W. Smith Ralph D. Allum Alloys F. Branton Claude J. Ehrenberc 1919 Franklin J. Swigart Allan E. Greenman NoRRis C. Jones Frederick L. Klass 1920 A. Ross Campbell Louis L. Crosby Donald W. DeCarle Glenn S. Ferrell Mathew M. Gedney William H. Hicks Franc D. Incraham George H. Morse Arnold M. Negard Fraternities Academic =!■■■■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C THETA DELTA CHI Founded at Union College, 1847 Founded at Minnesota, 1892 Number of Chapters, 28 Number oj Members, 7,360 H ■ ■ ■ ■ C ZZD _. ■ ■■■■■■■; !■■■ THF, r.OPHKk ■ ■ ■ 1 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ i Bl K fl BE i f 1 1 t 1 f ' 1 .jL, ? t? ' t 1 3 1 1 i«4MI- ' ' i f ANDERSON RUSSELL BEINHORN BROS CRAIG LUPLOW ■1 DENNIS CALHOUN H. A. SMITH MILLER D. C. SMITH RANDALL TRYON EK STONE HEWITT ZELNER JOHNSTON HOLMAN ■ nobthey frank HUBBARD THETA TAU W. F. HoLMAN FACULTY 0. S. Zelner Edward I. Anderson ■ Earnest T. Bros ■ Richard C. Dennis g James L. Dopp G. Albin Ek William E. Hubbard 1917 Ralph E. Johnston Walter D. Luplow John A. Ritchie Charles W. Stone Philip D. Tryon Carl Wallace D. Stewart Craig Harry Frank Theron G. Gerow Donald McGilvra 1918 George W. Miller Larcom Randall John A. Russell Donald C. Smith Hugh A. Smith • Robert Calhoun 1919 Dan C. Sullivan W. Paul Beinhorn PLEDGES Melvtn T. Nobthey J. Clifford Robbers U Fraternities Engineering ■ ■ ■ 1 300 THL GOPHER ■ ■ ■ THETA TAU Founded at Minnesota, 1904 lumber of Chaptets, 10 Number of Members, 840 ■ ■ ■ ■ C D ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER nil • I ft HUSTAD HAUGEN LARSON THORSON ULVESTAD BANG PETERSON S. C. HAUGE NISSEN BJORGO HAMRE LORHAMMER ENGAN OLSON HOVDE JOHNSON N. HAUGE KVAM HOLEN PEDERSON THULANIAN CLUB Norman Hauge Norman Holen Rolf Hovde Arthur Hustad 1917 JULIEN KvAM GusTAv Lorhammer Alfred Olson Oscar Pederson Charles Banc Edward Brunsdale Raymond Encan Arnold Larson 1918 Joy Nellermoe Henrick Nissen Julius Peterson Adolph Thorson Victor Bjorco Coleman Hauce 1919 Reuben Ulvestad Donald Haucen John Hustad Herman Hamre 1920 Trygve Johnson PLEDGES Raymond Anderson Clarence Rye Earl Swain Fraternities Special ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ? ' ■- r.- 4 " p v ' -- 1:3 ' f Ait f- -Ti). ■ ' A. WJ..- A, THULANIAN CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1889 Number of Chapters, 1 Number of Members, 290 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■■■■■■1 !■■■ THF, f:OPHH,k ■ ■ ■ 1 1 ■ ■ ■ 1 ■ ■■i 1 vg m 1 Ik . J _ m S ' ■4 9 » il 5 1 ■ BIERMAN OBERMEYER STAFFORD THURSTON DALY SMITH BRITZIUS LYNDE MELBY a WILSON WACHTLER WERNER WILLIAMS HIEBERT NELLERMOE CARLSON THORNBY ■ FARRELL WEIBELER SELL NELSON HERRMANN WEST REINKING ROBINSON PASKE ■ ■ n XI psi PHI 1917 S. M. Farrell H. N. Reinking M. A. Gerde J. F. Robinson D. D. Geddes C. A. Sell j M. R. Herrmann A. E. Simonson H. A. HoLLiDAY C. A. Tucker ■ A. A. Nelson C. M. Tucker ■ C. H. Paske E. C. West B W. L. Radke C. J. Weibeler _ 0. P. Wilson 1918 M. H. Carlson F. C. Obebmeyer E. H. Haucberc V. H. Storberg G. J. Heibert I. J. Thornby L. F. Meacham W. R. Wachtler J. C. Nellermoe C. 0. Werner S. G. Williams . 1919 C. W. BlERMAN K. J. LyNDE ■ K. E. Britzius a. J. Melby ■ T. L. Daly L. H. Smith _ C. H. Jamieson 0. K. Stafford R. F. Thurston PLEDGES V. B. Abbott R. H. Ioset E. J. Anderson R. M. Kraft J. K. Blunt H. 0. Larson E. C. FoGARTY P. A. Risk C. L. Eklund D. L. Smith U W. W. Hagberc C. E. Snyder . R. G. Ioset H. N. Williams Fraternities Dentistry ■ ■■■■■■■I !■■■■) IBBBBI 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ BAl •THE GOPHER r . ■■pi_,:i Y XI PSI PHI Founded at University oj Michigan, 1889 Founded at Minnesota, 1905 Number of Chapters, 25 Number of Members, 5,321 ■ ■■■■■■■1 !■■■ -I ' HFV r.OPHK,K ■ ■ ■ 1 1 ■ ■ ■ 1 !■■■ P b E r Kk. m uki. 1 Bm. mi. d. T m fl FRANCIS AMUNDSON SEVEY SEARING WITTER KELLY ■ MURPHY LINSMAYER NORTHEY WILSON HELMICK 1 RICKEL McGEARY NOLAN KUHRMEYER RICHARDSON HEAD ZETA PSI FACULTY J. I. Parcel ■ 1917 ■ Henry Kuhrmeyer F. J. Rikel ■ Alonzo W. Wilson ■ fl 1918 Bertram Amundson Alexander Helmick N. C. Hear G. E. McGeary Melvin Northey 1919 Vinal Francis H. E. Richardson Li Holland Murphy Ralph Searing ■ J. L. Nolan B. W. Sevey _ Leon Witter ■ 1920 m M. P. Kelly C. P. Linsmayer PLEDGES Eugene Burke Gordon Kamman C. L. Grans C. V. McGeary John Hoff D. W. Taber Fraternities Academic - M ■ ■■■■■■■ r - ' - - 1 ■■■■!. .!■■■■! !■■■■ UH 13 ■ ■ ■ the: gopher TI ,c i. ZETA PSI Founded at New York University, 1847 Founded at Minnesota, 1899 Number oj Chapters, 24 Number of Members, 8,177 THE GOPHER DOOLEY CLARKE SONTAG BURNS STEEL RAYMOND HARTMAN TARBOX CARLSON O ' KEEFE BJORNSTAD GRAWERT PLUTO PHI DELTA KAPPA Founded at University of Indiana, 1910 Minnesota Chapter Established 1910 Number of Chapters, 20 Number of Members, 450 Lotus D. Coffman Charles L. Harlan W. S. Miller FACULTY Geo. E. Vincent Albert W. Rankin A. V. Storm Fletcher H. Swift Harold S. Boquist Lester W. Dooley GRADUATE Byron C. Kuhlman Harold H. Sontag SvEN A. Aas Arthur B. Bjornstad Hanphyn T. Carlson George B. Clarke 1917 Jack Tarbox Arthur E. Grawert Timothy O ' Keefe Louis John Pluto Emmett a. Raymond 1918 Taylor McM. Joyner Harry J. Steel Walter Hartman Fraternities Education ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER DAVIS MARKHAM HANSON SAARI TIMERMAN BEAL COLE EYLER HOLEN GODFREY ANDERSON SIGMA DELTA CHI Founded at De Pauw University, April 17, 1909 Number oj Chapters, 28 Minnesota Chapter Installed April 29, 1916 Mr. W. p. Kirkwood FACULTY Mr. L. G. Hood 1917 Charles A. Anderson Arthur L. Goldenstar Robert Benepe Eugene B. Hanson Charles W. Cole Norman A. Holen Otis H. Godfrey Matt H. Saari Donald Timerman Ralph B. Beal Godfrey J. Eyler 1918 Burt A. Markham James L. Markham John W. Boyle PLEDGES 1918 Harald H. Lund Jesse A. Carpenter 1919 Gordon R. Bates Walter R. Cleveland H. Vincent Johnson Fraternities Journalistic THE GOPHE-R r I r-r .? INGERSOLL BARR FRELLSEN MOGA SPONBERG HOSTED ALLARD ARMSTRONG DOWDELL NICHOLS STARK MELLEM JERRARD BAILEY AINSWORTH ELSON WOODRUFF CASSILLY CORYELL SWEETMAN FEARING LEVORSON SIGMA RHO Founded at Michigan School of Mines, 1894 Established at Minnesota, 1910 Number oj Chapters, 2 Number of Members, 310 FACULTY Samuel L. Hoyt Thomas E. Cassilly Lewis S. Coryell William H. Elson 1917 John J. Woodruff Edward J. Fearing Irving A. Levorsen Edwin A. Sweetman Robert E. Ainsworth Raymond W. Allard Harold K. Armstrong A. Kitthe dce Bailey, Jr. 1918 Clifford R. Nichols Ralph L. Dowdell Guy E. Ingersoll Walter L. Jerrard John A. Moca J. Carroll Barr, Jr. Sidney A. Frellsen Joseph O. Hosted 1919 Walter R. Mellem Edwin C. Sponberg James A. Stark Trycve Johnsen PLEDGES Roscoe C. Kirkpatrick Fraternities Mining ■ ■ ■ rJ THL GOPHER ■ ■ ■ DWORSKY BROOKS KATZ TINK COHEN BECKENSTEIN WEISMAN COHLER ABRAHAMS ZISKIN ARONSON BIRNBERG DIAMOND ZIMMERMAN TAU BETA PHI Founded at University of Minnesota, 1915 Number of Chapters, 1 Number of Members, 31 FACULTY Oscar Cooperman ■ ■ ■ Abe Borovsky Jacob V. Birnberg Michael J. Cohler 1917 Hymen A. Diamond Daniel E. Ziskin Harry L. Weisman Oscar Abrahams Isadore Beckenstein 1918 Emanuel Zimmerman FisKE I. Brooks Jack Krishef Arthur V. Aronson Peter A. Dworsky 1919 David Pink Samuel S. Rosenbloom 1920 Abraham Katz Fraternities Special Dentistry PLEDGES Michael J. Cohen THE- GOPHE-R m COHLER GELDMAN SACHS ZIMMERMAN SINAIKO LEVIN SOSNOVSKY SEGAL PINK KAHNER RIGLER DIAMOND SALNOVITZ XI PSI THETA Founded at University of Minnesota, 1914 Number of Chapters, I Number of Members, 19 FACULTY Leonard Frank Michael J. Cohler 1917 Hymen A. Diamond Louis Sachs 1918 Emmanuel Zimmerman Martin L. Kahner Philip Levin 1919 Benjamin Segal David Pink Leo G. Ricler 1920 David Geldman PLEDGES Herman H. Sinaiko A. J. Sosnovsky A. L. Salnovitz Fraternities Special =!■■■■[: 312 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ! 1 ■ ■ ■ THH COHHtVK ■ ■ ■1 !■■■■■■■■ ' H ' l ' mB ■ ■.f Br ., K 2 " ' ' HtMLi .1, i V ' H LUCIAN MISZEWSKI SWENNES BRINK HOMME C. ANDERSON KELSEY BRADY WENDELL BRUSS THOMAS G. ANDERSON NASH ■ L. ANDERSON WEDIN PETERSON GABRIELSON BERGH GIRVIN SCHUKT _ ■ ZETA KAPPA Founded at University of Minnesota, 1914 Number oj Chapters, 1 Number of Members, 70 1917 U Leroy C. Anderson Cecil W. Girvin _ Ingvald G. Bergh Alfred Olson Frank Brink Walter F. Peterson ■ Erwin F. Bruss Adolph F. Schuft ■ Leonard C. Gabrielson Arthur C. Wedin H Walter W. Zettler 1918 C. Oscar Anderson Harvey Johnson Gustave R. Anderson C. William Kelsey Ernest A. Farmer Arthur E. Lucian Carl R. Flandrick Earl G. Nash August H. Homme Harold E. Thomas PLEDGES ■ Frank P. Brady John W. Nelson | Aurelius Miszewski Harold Swennes _ Lehman Wendell Fraternities _ Dentistry ■ ■ ■ ■ ■B ' !■■■■! IHIIBHI !■■■■■■■ ■! THE- GOPHER THE INTERFRATERNITY COUNCIL OFFICERS Dr. W. F. Holman President Thorolf Evensen Secretary MEMBERS Paul Stucky Acacia Lewis M. Daniel Alpha Delta Phi Charles Cole Alpha Tau Omega Donald B. McGilvra Beta Theta Pi Percy Cowin Chi Psi David Lundeen Delta Chi MiLDEN Way Delta Kappa Epsilon C. D. Dahle Delta Tau Delta Kenneth Dickinson Delta Upsilon GuNTHER Orsinger Kappa Sigma Yale Hills Phi Delta Theta Thorolf G. Evensen Phi Gamma Delta Howard Cant Phi Kappa Psi P. M. OviATT Phi Kappa Sigma G. R. Glotfelter Phi Sigma Kappa R. A. CuLLUM Psi Upsilon Clayton Packard Sigma Alpha Epsilon F. H. Emery Sigma Chi V. M. Williams . Sigma Nu C. G. Ehrenberc Theta Delta Chi J. G. Nolan Zeta Psi P. J. Stillwell Sigma Phi Epsilon A. J. Carlson Alpha Sigma Phi D ■ ■ ■ ■ fg sgiT raf assTSPTnms: h a o R O R T E THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C C. HEATH ALLEN SLOCUM KING DAILY KEEFE GLEASON WOEHLER CHALLMAN TRAVIS. DICKEY BURMEISTER McHUGH BROWN M. WHITWELL CLANCY D. HEATH GERLACH BESNAH PICKERING WERLICK MacKECHNIE EOBES JULES BOTHNE REKER SPECKMAN WITTMAN WOOD BOWE WOMACK ALPHA GAMMA DELTA Regina Bovve DiKKA BoTHNE Genevieve Brown Gladys Reker 1917 Esther Wood Edith Speckman Louise Wittman Elizabeth Whitwell Frances Womack Margaret Besnah Catherine Clancy Alice Dailey Eliza Dickey Katherine Fobes 1918 Florence Pickering Florence Gerlach Dorothy Heath Florence Jules Bessie King Frances MacKechnie Grace Challman Beatrice Gleason 1919 Doris Slocum Bernice Woehler Mildred Allen Louise Brown Irene Burmeister Katherine Heath Irene Keefe PLEDGES Mable Mattison Loretta McHugh Helen Travis Beryl Wallace Martha Whitwell Sororities Academic 1 THE GOPH R D I ALPHA GAMMA DELTA Founded at Syracuse, 1904 Delta Chapter Founded at Minnesota, 1908 Number of Chapters, 14 Number of Members, 1,400 m m m !!■■■■ ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■■■■■■■ ' 1 !■■■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ 1 1 ■ ■ ■ 1 »■■■ n V Jm Hm B JW Wnr ji S m ' - mm wiiJ it J | g k 1 ■ Ajk L Il ' jA . - : i «. CRONAN BOEHME BOOTHROYD KLINE FAIRBANKS MANN ■ KENDALL BREED HOFF TIFFT egan hartman nelson _ SCHOBER WERNICKE MITCHELL FALKENHAGEN PIERCE BRANDE DOYLE FELDHAMMER ALPHA OMICRON PI 1917 Florence Bhande Edith Mitchell Gertrude Falkenhagen Cecile Moriarty Elsa Feldhammer Helen Pierce ■ Phana Wernicke ■ ■ 1918 ■ Esther Cronan Gertrude Hartman p Margaret Doyle Leta Nelson Muriel Fairbanks 1919 Jennie Marie Schober Margaret Boothroyd Margaret Kendall Ella Breed Marian Mann Erma Egan Lillian Tifft Lillian Hoff ,1920 Lila Kline Eleanor Willits n PLEDGES Mildred Haugland u Sororities Academic ■ ■■■■■■■1 !■■■ ■ 1 t ■ ■ ■ ■ 1 t ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■ " THE GOPHER if-? ' i?. ' - ' - ' ' ' ' ' ? :« ALPHA OMICRON PI Founded at Barnard College, 1897 Founded at Minnesota, 1912 Number of Chapters, 32 Number of Members, 1,684 THE. GOPHER 1 I n HH 91 1 1 1 ft wJ ' u V 4 B ' | P 1 F V " ' ff w n j | I H A. iH W W r» I • t 1 ' ¥ " ' ' ' RH. J w»»% (;A. (,h;LHOKK H. STOCK GLO ' l ' KKLTKK FOKHLER McKEON VAN TUYL F. SULLIVAN G. SULLIVAN BRIGHT REID GREENMAN RYAN THORBUS GROVES M. STOCK MARTIN H. ELKEN HOSKINS REED DAMPIER MORIETTE SPINK ALPHA XI DELTA GRADUATE Emily Morris Marguerite Elken Vivien Groves Ethel Hoskins 1917 Dorothy Martin Gladys Moriette Marion Reed Grace Bright Ruth Dampier Marion Greenman 1918 Mildred Stock Florence Sullivan Grace Sullivan Hazel Bell Helen Elken Marion Hinners Florence Quinn 1919 Margaret Reid Dorothy Ryan Margaret Spink Helen Stock Henriella Gangelhoff Laura Glotfelter Helen McKeon PLEDGES CORINNE PoEHLER Marion Read Mabel Thorbus Katharine Van Tuyl Sororities Academic 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ " L THE GOPHE R iy ' M 9 ' i ' - ' ' ' - m: sS% ALPHA XI DELTA Founded at Lombard College, 1893 Founded at Minnesota, 1907 Number of Chapters, 23 Number of Members, 1,843 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER FOSS JONES HARROP TORINUS PARSONS HEIDE GIPSON WARNER WELLISCH HAMILTON H. TORINUS LESTER ARCHAMBO BANISTER DWYER KNOPP ANDERSON CHIDESTER GLENESK GRIFFIN MOLLISON HINDERER COON BOCKSTRUCK CROSBY APPEL ALBRECHT CARROLL NICOL CLAUSSEN DELTA DELTA DELTA GRADUATE Dorothy Heinemann Marguerite Albhecht Reola Appel Cassie Ball 1917 Helen Nicol Ruth Carroll Clara Claussen Ethel Crosby Ruby Coon Mae Donaldson Alice Glenesk Hazel Gipson 1918 Marie Heide Marie Hinderer Monica Jones Margaret Mollison Erna Archambo Else Bockstruck Dorothy Chidester Nina Foss 1919 Melva Griffin Gertrude Lester Marion Parsons Florence Warner Lillian Andetsson Jean Adsit Dorothy Banister Mary Dwyer Helen Harrop PLEDGES Laura Hamilton Isabel Knopp Faith Torinus Helen Torinus Gertrude Wellisch Sororities Academic ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ the: gopher r fc-. ' U ■■ . ■ ' Z. DELTA DELTA DELTA Founded at Boston University, 1888 Theta Chapter Founded at Minnesota, 1894 Number of Chapters, 56 Number of Members, 5,060 THE- GOPHER KINNEY AROSIN SCOTT GALL LAWS ST. CLAIR SARGENT KURD LAIRD ROUNDS BRACE PARSONS ODELL MUIR HALLORAN FERGUSON MOSHER ROBINSON BOLT GILLESPIE GAMMA PHI BETA FACULTY Rewey Belle Inglis Emma Bolt Grace Ferguson Mollie Halloran Louise Hatch 1917 Frances Howe Mary Mosher Elizabeth Odell Ethel Robinson Agnes Bohmbach Audrey Borden Marjorie Hurd Helen Jenswold 1918 Rhobie Sargent Irene Keyes Ruby Laird Josephine Mott Grace Muir Louise Arosin Louise Brace Olga Frank Alice Gall Margaret Gillespie Ruth Kelso 1919 Mercedes Kinney Marjorie Laws Marion Parsons Jeane Rounds Jessie Scott Leona St. Clair Marie Erdall Cecelia Frank Gertrude Hauser Mary Grieg 1920 Virginia Morrison Jessie Mott Gretchen Schmidt Harriet Thompson UNCLASSED Beatrice Washburn Sororities Academic ■I3i 324 - THt GOPHER a iz ' K ' 41 -G- 1; ■ ?: ?Mi illr- . irr ' 1, f% :r ur : . GAMMA PHI BETA — » «■. ., -5. ' , , ' 7 ' ' •I ' ' 1 ' Founded at Syracuse, 1874 Founded at Minnesota, 1902 Number 0 Chapters, 20 Number oj Members, 2,750 m m ■ ■ ■ ■ c D ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHE-R mathews vanciesen conger clark cross norman habighorst McCarthy field mott holten e. olds roblnson zeuch eustis rodger shenehon bertram farnsworth rankin catherwood landers fritsche adams CHATFIELD TRYON R. lynch SIDNAM ALLEN SEYMOUR McDONALD E. LYNCH WIDELL WEBSTER KAPPA KAPPA GAMMA Florence Allen Charlotte Chatfield Margaret Drew Elizabeth Lyon Elinor Lynch Rachael Lynch 1917 Margaret McDonald Mildred Mekeel Eleanor Olds Dorothy Seymour Alma Sidnam Eleanor Widell Priscilla Adams Marie Bertram Josephine Catherwood 1918 Marion Webster Ruth Sanders Carolyn Rankin Clare Shenehon Marion Eustis Mildred Farnsworth Naomi Field MuRLEN HoLTON Dorothy Fritsche 1919 Marjorie Zeuch Acnes McCarthy Virginia Mott Elizabeth Olds Helen Robinson Marjorie Rodger Gertrude Clarke Mildred Conger Sarah Cook Virginia Cross 1920 Bernice Habighorst Eleanor Mathews KATbERiNE Norman Isabelle Van Gibson Sororities Academic ¥ 326 Vjf ' i THE GOPHER ■ ■ KAPPA KAPPA GAMMA Founded at Monmouth, 1870 Founded at Minnesota, 1880 Number of Chapters, 39 Number of Members, 6,900 THE GOPHE R BAIRD CRAIG McKINNON FITZPATRICK DIEKMANN FELLAND CREGLOW SMITH MELAND MARTINEZ KENKEL THURSTON McCLATCHIE METCALF HAUSE WILSON LANGTRY SIMS WATSON FULLER DAUGHERTY FIELD FULER HOW RD DUNLAP WEBBER KIMBALL COOPER COLBY BERRY MICHELL TAYLOR BLAKEY ANDERSON SLAYTON BERNHARDT PI BETA PHI Josephine Berry Gladys Campbell FACULTY Marjory Carr Elizabeth Vermilye Genevieve Bernhardt Harriet Berry Ruth Colby Marie Cooper 1917 Martha Kimball Helene Michell Ethelyn Slayton Helen Simms Ruth Anderson Dorothy Blakey Ruth Howard Monica Langtry 1918 AuRiLLA Smith Mary Taylor Mabel Felland Effie Wilson Lucile Daucherty Annas Kenkel Margaret Hause Marie Martinez 1919 Edith Watson Jeannette Meland Harriet Todd Ann Thurston Anceline Webber Frances Baird Margaret Craig Ruth Creclow Elsa Diekmann Clara Dunlap Ruth Field PLEDGES Ruth Fitzpatrick Marjory Fuller Mildred Fuller Eva McClatchie Myrl McKinnon Isabel Metcalf Sororities Academic THL GOPHER ;li ;j. " PI BETA PHI Founded at Monmouth, 1867 Founded at Minnesota, 1890 Number oj Chapters, 51 Number of Members, 8,262 ■ ■ ■ 329 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ F BORGMANN DOYLE HOUGH PIEMEISEL FALLGATTER JOHNSOiN WASHIillKN FULLERTON McQUEEN COON ANDERSON CATHERWOOD REINHARDT THOMSON WARNER RANDALL LEE ROCKWOOD TRYON BOSS KLATT DREW PHI UPSILON OMICRON Miss Bessie E. Bemis Mrs. Fannie C. Boutelle Miss Mary L. Bull Miss Harriet Goldstein Miss Vetta Goldstein FACULTY Miss Juniata L. Shepperd Miss Mabel B. Trilling Miss Elizabeth Vermilye Miss Mildred Weigley Miss Marion Weller Miss Grace I. Williams Margaret S. Drew Florence A. Fallgatter Priscilla Hough Esther Johnson Bertha L. Klatt Katherine Leahy 1917 Muriel Washburn Laura Piemeisel Laura Randall Gertrude C. Reinhardt Hazel Rockwood Hazel Schoelkopf Elizabeth Tryon Delphine Anderson Mabel Borgmann Hazel Boss Josephine Catherwood Ruby M. Coon 1918 Margaret Doyle Blanche L. Lee Jessie M. McQueen Florence Pickering Janet Thomson Bernice Fullerton 1919 AuREL Warner Sororities Home Economics ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ 330 ■ ■ THE GOPH R uiyi zsjr - C PHI UPSILON OMICRON Founded at Minnesota, 1911 Number of Chapters, 4 Number of Members, 216 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER CROTH NORQUIST HEDIN YOUNG WALBEHC CORMIER M. THOMPSON COMPTON FOSSEN SORENSON HOBART ROQUIST ERICKSON MILEY SCOVELL IIELWEC FRIEDL CILLEECE WILLIAMS Z ANGER MULREAN A. THOMPSON BAUMHOEFENER GENCNACEL MUNROE OSTERCREN HOLLENBECK HODCDON COLE SIGMA BETA GRADUATE Harriet Lucas Julia Cole Elizabeth Ewert Alice Gencnagel 1917 Almeda Hodgdon Anna Mulrean Frances Ostergren Corda Baumhoefener Ethel Cormier Ethel Erickson Cora Fossen Ruth Compton Irene Friedl Linda Boquist Beatrice Gilleece Cora Groth Edna Helwec Genevieve Hobart Muriel Hughes 1918 Helen Zanger 1919 PLEDGES Irene Hedin Katherine Leahy Cassie Munroe Anna Thompson Frances Hollenbeck Ebba Sorenson Grace Miley Hazel Nordquist Frances Scovell Madeline Thompson Mary Williams Eleanor Young I it Sororities Academic ■ ■ ■ ■ 332 THL GOPHE.R SIGMA BETA Founded at Minnesota, 1910 Number of Chapters, 1 Number of Members, 100 H ■ ■ ■ r THE GOPHER DE JONG RADLSCII MORIARTY PEDERSON ALPHA EPSILON IOTA Founded at Univetsity of Michigan, 1890 Founded at Minnesota, 1901 Number of Chapters, 9 Number oj Members, 600 Clara Nutting 1917 Cecile Moriarty Nellie Pederson 1918 Frieda J. Radusch ,1919 Georgia De Jong Gail Broberg Helen Deane 1920 Lillian Miller Frances Ford Loana Miller Sororities Medical D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER PALMER H. MORRISSEY TAYLOR GEDNEV JOHNSTON M. BROWN FISHER DUNN WILLOUGHBY BARNARD INGERSOLL EDGERTON M. IRWIN BAXTER HARTUNG CLARK THOMPSON TOOMEY DAY ANDERSON COFFEE A. BROWN NILES POEHLER LEWIS D. MORRISSEY M. FREEMAN URQUHART IRWIN GANSSLE MOORHEAD G. FREEMAN LEONARD BREWSTER ALPHA PHI Founded at University of Syracuse, N. Y., 1872 Established at Minnesota, 1890 Number of Chapters, 19 Number of members, 3,000 Anna Ganssle Frances Irwin 1917 Martha Moobhead Kathryn Urquhart Katherine Brewster Gertrude Freeman Mary Freeman 1918 Marion Poole Louise Leonard Margaret Lewis Dorothy Mobbissey Lucille Anderson Ada Brown Julia Clark Mabel Coffee 1919 Helen Toomey Eugenia Day Katherine Niles Gladys Poehler Martha Thompson 1920 Dorothy Edgerton Katherine Barnard Helen Baxter Margaret Brown Harriet Dunn Lucile Fisher Ruth Gedney Mary Hartung PLEDGES Sororities Academic Georciana Ingersoll Marion Irwin Geraldine Johnston Honor Morrissey Mellie Palmer Lillian Taylor Marion Willouchby ■ ■ ■ ■ I THE GOPHER M. SCHMITT ftiSE H. SCHMITT CAUEI SVvAUU M. LOBDELL KIRSCHER BENTON BEARNES MILLS CAMMACK HAMILTON NIPPERT JENKINS TA ER PLANT F. LOBDELL SCHUYLER HINELINE CONNERS DELTA GAMMA Miss Ina Firkins FACULTY Miss Valeria Ladd Margaret Cammack Adelaide Conners Alice Denny Gail Hamilton 1917 Margaret Hineline Julia Mills Louise Nippert Marguerite Owen Elizabeth Bearnes Harriet Benton Norma Hall Beatrice Hardy 1918 Doris Jenkins Tone Kirscher Frances Lobdell Marie Lobdell Helen Bell Sara Carey Constance Conger Helen Graber Jeannette Plant 1919 Charlotte Tanner Dorothy Thompson Helen Schmitt Margaret Schmitt Katherine Wise Alice Stinchfield Dorothy Anderson Henrietta Benton Alice Frankforter 1921 Ruth Thycesen PLEDGES Grace Shannon Ruth Randall Annette Reynaud Ruth Schuyler Sororities Academic •ik THE GOPHER BLAIN GAVER McKAY E. COTTON HARTZELL ACKLEY BROWiN GALE NISSEN FARGO WEDUM MARTIN KELLY GOODRICH REDMOND LAMMERS Mackenzie gray R. DALE M. COTTON GIBSON F. DALE LEAVITT BARKER KAPPA ALPHA THETA Founded at Depauw University, 1870 Established at Minnesota, 1889 Number of Chapters, 39 Number of Members, 6,066 Margaret Cotton Florence Dale Ruth Dale Lucy Fargo Isabel Gibson Marion Gray 1917 Alice Harker Margaret Kelly Mildred Lammers Helen Leavitt Clara Mackenzie Mary Redmond Gladys Blain HiLDE Gale Dorothy Gaver 1918 Ellen Goodrich Mary Martin Helen Wedum Frances Ackley Elizabeth Brown Marion Andrews Katherine Birch Gleva Blain Elisabeth Forssell Olive Lyman 1919 Dorothy McKay PLEDGES Esther Thurber Edith Cotton Katherine Hartzell Margery McCulloch Olive O ' Neil Gertrude Reed Clara Samels Maurine Sanborn Sororities Academic D ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■j S R E ' j l LJ r l B Vt l B H « m gkaves cofima.n bryan Mcknight McKEehan Alexander mcbroom kelley peterson LAKSLN OBER PHELPS COLE KAPPA PI SIGMA FACULTY Miss Jean Hamilton Alexander Mrs. Wilford Stanton Miller Mrs. L. D. Coffman Miss Aura Phelps Mrs. M. E. Haccerty Mrs. Jean Sherwood Rankin Mrs. W. D. Reeve Nellie Grace Bryan Jane Burkleo Julia Cole Frances E. Kelley 1917 Eleanor Liedl Myrtle McBroom Mrs. L. W. McKeehan Gladys Nelson Frances Whaley Ethel G. Graves Helen Larson Lucile McKnicht 1918 Elmira Moosebrucger Acnes O ' Connor Marguerite Ober Sororitie s Educational ■ ■ ■ ■ H ■ ■ ■ 338 " T THE GOPHE R HIiNTERMISTER AMUNDSEN ABRAHAMSON MacDONALD SWANSON FAIRBANKS THETA SIGMA PHI Founded at University of Washington, 1908 Minnesota Chapter Established 1917 Number of Chapters, 14 1916 M. Lucy How Harriet G. Anundsen 1917 Genevieve Bernhardt Alma P. Abrahamson Bernice I. Berry Anabel Byrnes Muriel Fairbanks 1918 Esther Swanson Dorothy R. Heath Brilli Hintermister Flora J. MacDonald Mary Moriarty HONORARY MEMBERS Miss Mary Dillion Mrs. W. P. Kirkwood Sororities Journalistic THE GOPHER I ■ I ■ ■ LEONARD TAYLOR MARTIN NELSON ELKEN BHODERICK HAMILTON OWEN NICOL SPECKMAN LANDERS FREEMAN DALE LEWIS URQUHART MEKEEL JULES FELDHAMMER DAMPIER PAN-HELLENIC COUNCIL ALPHA GAMMA DELTA Ruth Elwell Edith Speckman Florence Jules ALPHA OMICRON PI Leta Nelson Elsa Feldhammer Mrs. Jayne DELTA GAMMA Lois Robinson Marguerite Owen Gail Hamilton GAMMA PHI BETA Ethel Robertson MoLLIE HaLLORAN Mar.iorie Hurd ALPHA PHI Jean Hirsch Kathryn Urquhart Mary Freeman KAPPA ALPHA THETA Miss Mitchell Florence Dale Mary Martin ALPHA XI DELTA Mrs. Broderick Marguerite Elken Ruth Dampier KAPPA KAPPA GAMMA Lillian Seyfried Mildred Mekeel Ruth Landers DELTA DELTA DELTA Florence Spear Reola Appel Mae Donaldson PI BETA PHI Florence Lewis Genevieve Bernhardt Mary Taylor SIGMA BETA Mrs. Brinnel Elizabeth Ewert Ethel Erickson 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C HONOR SOCIETIES THL GOPHER ■■■! [■■■■■Ill ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA " TO BE WORTHY TO SERVE THE SUFFERING " Founded at University of Chicago, 1902 Number of Chapters, 19 Alpha Omega Alpha is an honorary medical fraternity, election being baaed upon scholarship only, moral qualifications being satisfactory. Election is in the Senior year. OFFICERS Dr. C. F. James President M. H. Ebebt Vice-president Dr. Olga Hanson Secretary-Treasurer Dr. S. Marx White Counsellor SENIORS ELECTED THIS YEAR John B. Doyle Samuel B. Solhauc Michael H. Ebert Adolph G. Sund Cecile R. Moriarty Chester O. Tanner Fraternities Honorary Medical 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER DELTA SIGMA RHO Founded at Chicago, 1906 Founded at Minnesota, 1906 Number of Chapters, 46 Number of Members, 2,200 OFFICERS Wendell Burns President David LuNDEEN Vice-president John Dahlquist Secretary George K. Bowden Wendell T. Burns Edwin Chapman John E. Dahlquist Vincent Fitzgerald Howard L. Hall Paul Jaroscak Paul Kerfoot MEMBERS David Lundeen Charles E. McCarthy Arthur W. McMillan Leslie H. Morse Paul Northrop Omar Pfeiffer Paul R. Scott Thomas O. Young Fraternities Honorary Forensic ■ ■ ■ 343 THE, GOPHER HONOR SOCIETY OF AGRICULTURE GAMMA SIGMA DELTA Founded at Minnesota, 1916 During the year 1915-16, an honor society of agriculture was formed at the Minnesota Agricultural College, which later became merged with Gamma Sigma Delta, the two organizations adopting the name of " Honor Society of Agriculture, Gamma Sigma Delta. " This fraternity has for its object the encouragement of high standards of scholarship in all branches of agricultural science and education and a high degree of excellence in the practice of agricultural pursuits, by the election to membership of those students of the graduating classes in agricultural colleges who have shown exceptional ability during their under-graduate or graduate work, and those who have rendered signal service to the cause of agricultural development. FOUNDERS A. V. Storm — President F. J. Alway A. Boss W. G. Brierly E. G. Cheney E. M. Freeman T. L. Haecker M. H. Reynolds J. T. Stewart R. W. Thacker F. L. Washburn A. F. Woods I I I I C. H. Bailey C. E. Holm GRADUATE M. Levine W. F. LusK Mark Abbott Marshall Hertig Robert Hodgson George Lindsev George Nesom SENIOR Reuben Oakes Ernest Roth Clarence Skrivseth Emil Thorson Clarence Wirth Fraternities Honorary Agricultural :]■■■■[: ■ ill THL GOPHER LAMBDA ALPHA PSI A society at the University of Minnesota to promote the study of languages and literature. OFFICERS Colbert Searles President Charles A. Savage Vice-president James Davies Secretary Jules Frelin Treasurer Harry G. Atwood George S. Barnum Earl Barret F. B. Barton Hallie Chalfont GRADUATE n. f. coburn Louise Frary Lucille Quinlan Arnold Shutter Marion Woodman Grace Akenson Ruth Anderson Ruth Bobeen Harriet Buck Irene Gilkerson Alice M. Hanson Esther Jepson Pearle Knight Jean McGilvra 1917 Gladys Moore Ann O ' Brien James B. Ostergren Morris Roberts Dora Smith Alice Stacy Ruth A. Thygeson Gina Wancsness Martha Wennerholm Fraternities Honorary Linguistic ■ ■ ■ C THE, GOPHtR GILLESPIE MU PHI DELTA Founded at Minnesota, 1908 FACULTY James Davies B. L. Newkirk Gertrude Hull Carlyle Scott 1917 Gertrude Reeves Paul Gillespie 1908 Ferdinand Oldre Ted Anderson Dorothy Gaver Earl Fischer Leo Murphy HoRTON Daniels 1919 1920 Paul Schmitt PLEDGE Gladys Albrecht ALUMNI Harry Hagcart Mary Allen Edgar Allen Eugene Bibb Frank Bibb Paul Currie Grace Golden Davies Ripley Dorr Glenn Gullickson Evelyn Harwood Ethel Harwood Ruth Jackson Maurice Keating Florence Lewis Mildred Langtry Margaret Menzel Magdeline Maland Esther Newkirk Gertrude Purple Verna Golden Scott William Smith Harold Van Duzee Roswell Wilkes Harold Wahlquist Maud Briggs Nellie Churchill Gladys Jenness Emily Morris Earl Balch Katherine Beuner Acnes Kinnard Fraternities Honorary Musical ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE,R ■ C PHI BETA KAPPA OFFICERS, 1916-17 J. T. Gerould President E. D. DuRAND First Vice-president C. 0. RosENDAHL Second Vice-president W. H. BussEY Secretary S. J. Buck Treasurer ELECTED 1916 Ruth Anderson Ruth Boreen Wendell T. Burns Miriam A. Compton Kathryn Crocker Mary Edwards Clement Fox Irene Gilkerson Stanley Harper Dorothy Heinemann Acnes Holt Jean McGilvra Marie Madson Rebecca Mason Gladys Moore Anna Peterson Mary Ray Dora Smith Harold Sontac Ruth Thyceson Sigurd Ueland Ralph S. Underwood Gina Wancsness Ruth Wilson Fraternities Honorary Academic ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C JOHNSON BALLENTINE MOERSCH BROS SIGMA DELTA PSI Founded at University oj Indiana, 1912 " To encourage a comprehensive physical development and training among college students. " Charles Pollock ALUMNI Senior Wallace Hamilton B. W. Bierman John Martin Junior E. O. Doyle Edward McKay Arnold Wyman H. L. Richards J. A. Murray ACTIVE MEMBERS Senior Ernest Bros B. F. Johnson H. J. MoERSCH Mollis Cross John Haskins Max Rapacz Junior R. L. SCHMITT S. G. Mara James Ballentine Fraternities Honorary Athletic D ■ ■ ■ ■ 348 THL GOPHER SIGMA XI u Elected 1916 FACULTY Thomas B. Hartzell H. K. Hayes Arthur T. Henrici Samuel L. Hoyt E. J. Huenekens Cornelia Kennedy Jennings C. Litzenberg B. L. Newcomb Thomas S. Roberts STUDENTS George E. Holm Moses N. Levine GOLDAR L. McWHORTiai R. Darwin May Edgar H. Norris Chester A. Stewart G. H. Woollett Fraternities Honorary Scientific 3 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■♦- 1 7 — • , r- Jt VJ 4 liii rA " . SHERWOOD ROBINSON CRIMES SMITH BLESSLEY JOHNSON FRIAR FORTUNE ORSINGER HANSEN PETERSON ALDENDERFER TIMERMAN LUPLOW CARLSON SOGARD TRYON DASH SERUM TAYLOR WOOLNOUGH MOSES MEREDITH RHINOW SCABBARD AND BLADE Founded at University of Wisconsin, 1904 Company B Founded at Minnesota, 1905 OFFICERS Mark Serum Captain Victor A. Dash First Lieutenant Philip D. Tryon Second Lieutenant Walter D. Luplow First Sergeant T. L. SOCARD A. J. Carlson H. V. Hansen H. L. Peterson K. V. Riley D. Timerman G. Orsinger MEMBERS A. M. Smith G. LOFTFIELD A. H. Douglass D. Grimes R. C. Blessley E. B. Sherwood F. M. Friar H. G. Fortune H. L. Montgomery W. A. Smith F. W. Aldenderfer C. G. Johnson S. W. Robertson S. E. Robinson G. J. Hathaway ■ I ■ ■ Major George W. Moses Captain James Woolnough HONORARY Captain Theodore Taylor Lieutenant Owen R. Meredith Captain Walter F. Rhinow E. L. Mott C. L Weikert RECRUITS H. Linden A. F. Dahlberg P. H. DiDRICKSEN Fraternities Honorary Military THL GOPHE-R BRUCE GANNETT LEVORSEN JONES MALMSTROM LARSON ERNSTER DUNLAP ANDERSON BUTTERWORTH IRWIN HVOSLEF WOLFANGLE DOELL HOLMSTINE ROSENBLOOM WILLIS SWEETMAN BUCKHOUT PETERSON LUXFORD WHEELER CARLSON KNAUSS DOW SKAGERBERG THOMPSON TAU BETA PI Founded at Lehigh University, 1885 Founded at Minnesota, 1909 Number of Chapters, 32 Number of Members, 6,88t) W. R. Appleby W. E. Brooke H. T. Eddy H. N. Bruce A. J. Carlson C. E. DoELL A. H. Douglass R. I. Butterwortii W. G. Dow L. J. DuNLAP E. I. Anderson A. G. Holmstine 0. F. Ernster Fraternities Honorary Engineering HONORARY J. J. Flather F. M. Mann CIVIL ENGINEERING A. L. Goldenstar M. W. Hewett A. C. Knauss ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING D. K. Gannett H. E. Hartic F. H. Irwin A. L. Malmstrom MECHANICAL ENGINEERING F. W. Hvoslef E. F. Jones ARCHITECTURE D. H. Buckhout SCHOOL OF MINES A. I. Levorsen F. C. Shenehon G. D. Shepardson J. T. Stewart R. F. Luxford H. L. Peterson H. W. RiEKMAN R. J. Wolfangle J. L. Thompson H. H. Wheeler B. S. Willis V. F. Larson A. E. RoSENBLOOM E. A. SwEETMAN ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER is TAU SIGMA DELTA An Honorary Architectural Fraternity to which the following Minnesota men were elected in the spring of 1917. SENIORS George Poulsen Donald Buckhout JUNIORS Enoch E. Forsberc Seeman Kaplan Albert Moorman u Fraternities Honorary Architectural ■ ■■■[ ' , !■■■■[ lUBBIIBl 352 CLASS SOCIETIES THE GOPHER ADELPHIAN o ADELPHIAN OFFICERS Harold Wood President MiLDEN Way Vice-president Robert Towev Secretary Ward Olmsted Treasurer Earl Paulson Sergeant-at-Arms Arnold Wyman Chaplain i Class Societies Junior Interfraternity THE GOPHER (Z. W fi BIB AND TUCKER BIB AND TUCKER OFFICERS Elizabeth Nissen President Marian Andrews Vice-president Katherine Barnard Secretary Dorothy Anderson Treasurer Class Societies Sophomore Girls ' ' THE, GOPHER CAP AND GOWN CAP AND GOWN Founded at Minnesota, 1908 OFFICERS Mildred Lammers President RoHERTA HosTETLER . . . . . . Vice-president Helen Jack Secretary Helen Leavitt Treasurer Class Societies Senior Girls ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ ' SL THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ i: GREY FRIARS A senior fraternity of honor interested in the general welfare of the University. MEMBERS Ebnest T. Bros Paul H. Byers Charles W. Cole Lewis M. Daniel Addison H. Douglass Thorolf G. Evensen Charles W. Gillen Norman A. Holen Frank A. R. Mayer Walter D. Shelly Donald S. Smith Paul H. Storm Arnulf Ueland Vernon D. Whitaker Oswald S. Wyatt Class Societies Senior Men ' s THL GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C INCUS Founded at Minnesota, 1917 Number of Members, 9 Purpose: To promote fellowship and the best interests of the Medical School. MEMBERS Allen T. Acnew George M. Constans Everett K. Geer Wallace W. Holley Rolf Hovde Charles E. Proshek J. Arthur Riegel Boles A. Rosenthal Howard L. Sarceant Class Societies Senior Medical J ■ ■ ■ I " 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ C n. THE GOPHER " FOR THE GOOD OF THE UNIVERSITY " THE IRON WEDGE Founded at Minnesota, 1912 Number of Members, 90 An organization of senior men chosen on merit James J. Ballentine James D. Boyle J. B. Carey Claude J. Ehrenberg Paul S. Gillespie Max R. Herrmann Herbert J. Miller MEMBERS John L. Townley Donald S. McGilvra Harold L. Peterson Franklin T. Skinner Theodore L. Socard Adolph G. Sund Roscoe W. Tanner Donald Timerman Class Societies Senior Men ' s t ■ ■ THE GOPHER !!■■■■■ PINAFORE PINAFORE Founded at Minnesota, 1908 To promote sociability and to enable the girls of the sophomore class to become better acquainted. OFFICERS Gladys M. Holt President Dorothy Davies Vice-president Marion E. Harris Secretary Winifred I. Bailey Treasurer Class Societies Sophomore Girls ' !]■■■■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C KIRSCHER MORRISSEY CATHERWOOD MILLS JONES URQUHART MEKEEL EGAlN BREWSTER LANDERS SIGMA ALPHA DELTA ■ ■ Anna Ganssle Edith Jones Elinor Lynch SENIORS Mildred Mekeel Julia Mills Louise Nippert Kathryn Urquhart JUNIORS (PLEDGES) Katherine Brewster Beatrice Hardy Josephine Catherwood Ione Kirscher Margaret Egan Mildred Lammers Dorothy Morrissey Class Societies Vpperclass Girls ' ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER SIGMA TAU An honorary organization of senior women having for the basis of membership, and for the purpose of its existence, the rendering of service to the University. MEMBERS Genevieve A. Bernhardt Margaret A. McDonald Margaret Cammack Martha Moorhead Margaret E. Cotton Louise Nippert Alice B. Denny Incerd Nissen Grace E. Ferguson Phoebe D. Svpenson Vivien Groves Kathryn J. Urquhart Ethel L. Hoskins Margaret Wall ace Francis P. Irwin Dorothy W. Waterman Edith B. Jones Emma F. Waterman Mildred H. Lammers Elizabeth Wellington Class Societies Senior Girls ' ■ ■ ■ ■ I J ■ ■ ■ ■ ll THE GOPHER SKULL AND CRESCENT Organized at Wisconsin, 1909 Established at Minnesota, 1915 Number oj Chapters, 4 " TO SERVE THE UNIVERSITY " MEMBERS Wray Aldenderfer James Ballentine Richard Cullum Archie Campbell John Dahlquist MiLO Flaten Paul Flynn Harold Center Harold Gillen Gordon Hyde Louis Hauser Harold Huey Rudolph Klossner Eli Lund Clare Long William McDuffee Donald McGilvra Harold Metcalf Herbert Miller Gunther Orsinger Erling Platou Roland Schmidt Robert Towey Russell Thomas ■ ■ Class Societies Junior Men ' s ■ ■ ■ ■ C D ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER CZ r !i ;)!iWteSi SISKIN -a BONESS Lmton H-Kr« ' inUamp SKIN AND BONES Founded at Minnesota, 1915 Number of Members, 19 OFFICERS Adelaide Conkers Florence Dale . President Secretary -Treasurer Adelaide Conners Florence Dale Mollie Halloran Gail Hamilton ACTIVE MEMBERS Katherine Urquhart Helen Leavitt Clara MacKenzie Marguerite Owen Alma Sidnam Class Societies Senior Girls ' ■ ■ ■ ■ C D ■ ■ ■ ■ ::]■■■■ _ 364 D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER TAM O ' SHANTER TAM 0 ' SHANTER OFFICERS Margaret Egan President Helen Sullivan Vice-president Kathleen Smith Secretary Lucie Tomlinson Treasurer ■ I Class Societies Junior Girls 3 U THE GOPHER M ' ' l ' — { TAW SHONKA TAU SHONKA OFFICERS Earl Jones Walter Schmid Paul Hathaway Walter Bartlett Roy C. Styles RiDGELY B. PiERSON W. A. Jones President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Chaplain Sergeant-at-Arms SOCIAL COMMITTEE P. L. Crocker Ed Winter ■ ' 1 ta v 1 fCaj» ' .?f H Sf ? It f nj J f . KM ;-■•- . -.) Class Societies Sophomore Interfraternity ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ ■ 366 THE GOPHE-R -1F |— - --fr-fl I I nLLIKVM Alloys F. Branton Fred W. Boutelle Howard B. Cant Robert Benepe Alonzo W. Wilson TILLIKUM OFFICERS President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Chairman of Social Committee Class Societies Senior Interfraternity :]■■■■ D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPH R ■ ■ ■ C m f f Tf f jr- TRIANGLE TRIANGLE CLUB OFFICERS Alfred H. Scheldrup President Leslie Zeleiny Vice-president Robert Zimmerman Secretary Alano E. Pierce . Treasurer Robert Fischer Chairman Social Committee Harry Spurrier Sergeant-at-Arms Class Societies Freshman Interfraternity J ■ ■ ■ ■ CAMPUS CLUBS THE, GOPHER AG. m, EDUCATIOn CLUD AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1914 Number oj Members, 35 W. H. Bendeh W. F. LusK FACULTY D. D. Mayne A. V. Storm FIRSr SEMESTER Maynahd E. Coe HjALMER Nelson August Neubauer Theodore Odland OFFICERS SECOND SEMESTER Everett A. Coe Edward Gillig Edwin Johnson Hjalmer a. Nelson Harold Aase Raymond Arp Robert Rretzke Everett Coe Maynard Coe Frank Frolik Edward Gillig Rex Harlan Joseph Holger Herman Hookom MEMBERS George Ilse Arthur Jacobson Axel Johnson Edwin Johnson Harry Johnson Neil Jones Marcellus Knoblauch Andrew Kozitza Matt Saari Arthur Souba Adolph Swenson George White Mark McCarthy Lawrence Miller Elmer Mott John Mueller Hjaline Nelson Victor Nylin Theo. Odland William Peterson Sherrill Robinson 1 kozitza E. JOHNSON McCARTHY KNOBLAUCH JONES SWENSON hookom holger white ROBINSON E. COE HARLAN JACOBSON gillig a. JOHNSON STORM NELSON M. COE BRETZKE :]■■■■■■ 370 THE GOPH R E. GREENBERG FALLGATTER KIMBALL DAHLSTROM FILBERG SMITH CLAYTON BEDELL AKRE AAMODT STORM DICKEY STORM HORTON McQUEEN DODGE SEMLING SOMMERMEYER LANGE THOMPSON SORUM M. GREENBERG AREME An Organization of Eastern Star Women Founded at Minnesota, 1916 Number of Members, 26 OFFICERS NiTA Lange President Anna Thompson Vice-president ViOLA SoMMERMEYER Secretary Ruth Sorum Treasurer Louise Clayton Naime Dahlstrom Florence Fallgatter 1917 Martha Kimball Hazel Schoelkopf Irene Tews Dorothy Dodge Agusta Filberc Elsie Horton 1918 Anna Thompson NiTA Lance Mable Semlinc Viola Sommermeyer Edna Akre Emma Bedell Etta Greenberg 1919 Mary Greenberg Jessie McQueen Ruth Sorum 1920 Florence Smith Arne Aamodt AFFILIATE MEMBERS August Neubauer ASSOCIATE MEMBERS Mrs. Dickey Mrs. Storm Agnes Morton Prof. Storm ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER li|g5glMi« ' ' i " »i ' i ' " ' ' ' " i ' " i ' " " iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiimiiniiM CHITECTV SOCIETY Donald H. Buckhout Howard B. Gilman . George F. Poulsen Walter R. Mixer Floyd W. Brown Harvey M. King OFFICERS President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Chairman Executive Committee Sergeant-al-Arms Ralph L. Blacktin Rowland C. Blessley Floyd W. Brown Donald H. Buckhout Edgar Buencer John W. Dawson G. B. Deane P. Didriksen Will E. Ellingson George C. Emery Milton J. Anderson Milton L. Anderson B. BiRKELAND Donald F. Countryman Thomas V. Cunningham Harry R. David Howard M. Davidson David J. Deneen Bernice Duxbury Donald H. Ellison ACTIVE MEMBERS Enoch E. Forsberg George Eraser Henry C. Gerlach, Jr. Howard B. Gilman Seeman Kaplan Harvey M. King H. A. Kreinkamp Linton H. Kreinkamp Milton M. Latta Glenn H. Lyon ASSOCIATE MEMBERS Howard Haines Ralph W. Hammett Yale D. Hills Edward O. John Walfred E. Karlstrom Matthew D. Kendall Florian H. Kleinschmidt Alice F. Lightbourne Edwin M. Loye James H. McKay A. Reinhold Melander Walter R. Mixer Albert J. Moorman Harold R. Peterson George F. Poulsen George H. Prudden, Jr. Arnold Raucland George M. Riedesel John S. Schwartz Steward V. Wright Wm. H. MacDoucall Miner J. Markuson Floyd H. Munson Gertrude M. Quunn Ben Reishus Carl J. Sjogren Henry G. Spanier Sidney M. Strong Marion J. Townsend Sam Q. Wong -3 % yj. g . ' ' « - IT- 9 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ a the; c,ophe,r r liiiii km CAMP FIRE CAMP FIRE GIRLS Founded at Minnesota, 1913 Number of Members, 30 Organized to train girls so that they may organize and conduct camp fires after they leave the University. UNIVERSITY CAMP FIRES KESALTOOTEEK ■ Membership, 13 Organized 1913 OFFICERS Marion Shepard Guardian Beatrice Larson Secretary Viola Sommermeyer Treasurer LUKSIKONAH Membership, 17 Organized 1916 OFFICERS Ruth Hill Guardian Constance Falstad Secretary Maybelle Marker Treasurer LEHMANN OLSON NAY NORTHEY E. LARSON V. LARSON ANDERSON WALKER DRUM TRACY ROCKEY A. LARSON TANNER HOWARTH SOMMERMEYER HOEPER WOODFORD SWANSON HILL SHEPARD FALSTAD BARKER Z3 -: £- , ' • THE, GOPHE,R CHINESE STVDENTS CLVB CHINESE STUDENTS ' CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1915 Number of Members, 18 OFFICERS W. P. Pan President C. HsiEH Vice-president and Treasurer S. S. WoiNC English Secretary Y. C. FoNC Chinese Secretary POST-GRADUATE Y. C. FoN ' c 1917 C. L. Bau Y. K. Kwonc W. P. Pan J. F. Wong H. F. Woo 1918 C. HsiEH L. Lee Y. T. Miao S. S. Wong Y. D. Wong 1919 C. N. Ling N. N. Woo K. S. Won ASSOCIATE Mae Humm Harry James Joe James S. C. Lee woo bau miao s. c. lee hsieh Y. D. WONG J. M. WONG JAMES kwonc K. S. WUN H. WONG HUMM S. A. WONG FONG D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R ■ COSMOPOLITAN GRADUATE A. Cade P. Henri uez-Urena A. M. GURJAR Leah London V. R. Gust 1917 F. Weiss H. Anthistle M. K. Lipschutz C. L. Bau K. Obara F. A. Cook K. Powell L. Kesselman C. Romero Y. K. KwoNC H. Rypins M. Lee L. C. Walewitch 1918 M. Saari P. Abrahamson L. Lee C. Del Plaine Y. T. MiAO S. Eliasseis M. NiSHIOKA M. Herber Catherine Rocky C. HSIEH M. G. Smolensky C. Jensen Y. WoNC G. R. Kokatnur 1919 H. Woo Estelle Franks G. Gabrielson A. Friedel R. C. Nag 1920 J. Harri R. Bajpai UNCLASSED S. M. Lin W. P. Pan Ellen Paige Margaret Rutherford SJ JJJ vLIt. M M. lee COOKE MIAO franks LEONARD HARRI ELIASSEN ABRAHAMSON SMOLENSKY BAU L. LEE LIN HSIEH GUNDERSON KESSELMAN NISHIOKA G. KOKATNUR GURJAR V. R. KOKATNUR SAARI JENSEN WOO RUTHERFORD D ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHE-R DER DEUTSCHE VEREIN DER DEUTSCHE VEREIN Founded at Minnesota, 1909 Number of Members, 65 Purpose: To stimulate interest and develop facility in the use of the German language and to promote a spirit of fellowship among the students and faculty of the German Department. OFFICERS FIRST SEMESTER Charles Schaufuss President Carl Klaffke Vice-president Margaret Furst Secretary CoRDA Baumhoefener Treasurer Walter Hartunc Sergeant-at-Arms Lynwood G. Downs Faculty Advisor SECOND SEMESTER LuDWiG Hauser . . . . . . . . President Ebba Sorensen . Vice-president Margaret Beggin Secretary Vincent Johnson Treasurer Earl Schmitt Sergeant-at-Arms Edwin Zeydel Faculty Advisor ■IBe 1 1 mi 5r ? J ■ .--W I ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■ THE GOPHER lEcononic CLUE. THE ECONOMICS CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1914 Number of Members, 40 Organized to offer to students majoring in Economics an opportunity of hearing men who are experts in different fields; also to bring students and faculty into closer relationship. Joseph Cummincs Howard L. Hall Jens P. Jensen James D. Boyle Howard Cant Chas. W. Cole Henry Kuhrmeyer Gordon Merrill Arnulf Ueland Philip Oviatt Rudolph Anderson Ralph B. Beal John E. Dahlquist Walter Greaza Alexander Helmick GRADUATE 1917 1918 Clarence S. Rye Herbert G. Kenacy Walter J. Matherly Wm. E. Scott Clayton Packard Oliver Powell Earl Prudden Franklin Skinner Pail Storm Charles Sweatt Oscar Swenson Christian Hilleboe Felix Moses Harold Metcalf Spencer Parker Troy M. Rodlun J J J J J J. 1 greaza kuhrmeyer dahlquist ARNQUIST beal ANDERSON METCALF RYE CARY OVIATT BAU hilleboe STEVENS HELMICK WOO PARKER MOSES PRUDDEN SWENSON GILLESPIE SKINNER POWELL RODLUN STORM CUMMINCS !■ :]■■■■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER FORESTRY CLUB FORESTRY CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1907 Number of Members, 35 J. H. Allison E. G. Chevney W. B. Cox — State Forester John D. Burnes FACULTY 1917 Lauren Tuttle W. H. Kenety D. P. TiEMEY — Ass ' t State Forester J. P. Wentlinc Carl Forsberc P. Oscar Anderson Romayne Backus Shirley Brayton Leland L. De Flon Theodore Cone Clyde Frudden Leo Isaac Walter Haertel Thos. Brown Leyden Ericksen Jay C. Morton 1918 Harlan Hansen George Hauser Earl Pendergast Sam Robertson Herbert Swanson 1919 1920 Fred Naecli Paul Palmer Walter Schmid Albert Wackerman Ralph Nelson Reuben Phillips Warren Weis MORTON cone WEIS FKUDDEN PALMER BROWN PHILLIPS WACKERMAN ERICKSON ISAAC NAEGELI HAERTEL NELSON BACKUS SCHMID DE FLON BRAYTON FORSBERC BURNES TUTTLE ANDERSON ROBERTSON PENDERGAST D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPH R ■ ■ ■ GEOLOGICAL CLUB MINNESOTA GEOLOGICAL CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1916 Number oj Members, 18 A students ' organization, composed of students and graduate students, together with the faculty, organized to study economic and field geology, and all branches of science pertaining to geology. FACULTY T. M. Broderick a. W. Johnston W. H. Emmons T. T. Quirke F. F. Grout C. R. Stauffer OFFICERS A. I. Levorsen President Edwin A. Sweetman Vice-president Guy E. Ingersoll Secretary-Treasurer MEMBERS He ry R. Aldrich Harold K. Armstrong Robert P. Bayard Thomas E. Cassilly William Copeland Lewis S. Coryell M. A. Dresser William H. Elson Lyndon L. Foley Edwin A. Sweetman Roger W. Gannett W. O. George W. Earle Hubbard Guy E. Ingersoll A. Irving Levorsen Donald McGilvra Frank Notestein Howard E. Quinn Harry W. Strand JLX ? dresser notestein elson FOLEY CASSILLY GANNETT bayard HUBBARD CORYELL BRODERICK STRAND ALDRICH ARMSTRONG stauffer sweetman LEVORSEN INGERSOLL EMMONS JOHNSTON ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C HOME ECONOMICS ASSOCIATION n HOME ECONOMICS ASSOCIATION Founded 1915 Composed of all students in Home Economics Department. FACULTY Dean Sweeney — Ex-officio Member OFFICERS Hazel Rockwood , President Hazel Schoelkopf Vice-president Alice Humphrey Secretary Dorothy Munson Treasurer TREACY ASHENDEN BOYD HUMPHREY ROCKWOOD MUNSON HOUGH THE GOPHE-R Founded at Minnesota, 1907 Number of Chapters, 29 To unite Bohemian students for their common good and for retaining and advancing the Bohemian language and ideals. HONORARY MEMBERS Dr. a. F. Kogarik Julius Frelin Prof. John Zeleny Prof. Anton Zeleny A. J. Jedlicka Frank B. Matlach Prof. James S. Mikesh Dr. J. Francis Schefcik Rev. Joseph D. Bren GRADUATE BOZETECH BrEN Rudolph Wosmek 1917 Rose Vanasek 1918 Hildegarde Wanous A. P. Simon Frank Frolik William W. Klima Jerome Smersh Henry Burich 1919 Anton Kolda Josef Bicek August Dvorak Lillian Wanous Frank J. Kucera Ignac Chmelik William H. Wacek Nettie Proshek Fred L. Skoedopole Henry I. W. Hawlik Rose Holec Harold Janecky 1920 Edward Cincera Benjamin Wrhitzky Frank C. Kracek George Chalupsky Lionel Rynda Frank Minars Benjamin Kucera Edwin Rynda Anton Nerad frolik chmelik hawlik F. kucera janecky DVORAK minar b. kucera cincera burich wosmek chalupsky THE GOPHeR LIVE STOCK CLUB LIVE STOCK CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1915 Number oj Members, 43 GRADUATE Alden Malcomson 1917 N. K. Cairnes Alfred Grant R. E. Harlan Maurice Hayward J. C. Henninc C. B. Kaercher A. E. Lang H. Aase Harold G. Davis Frank Frolik Geo. Girrhach Geo. H. Ilse A. M. Jacobson Vernon S. Archerd Casper Haas RoscoE Tanner 1918 1919 1920 A. Miesen E. L. MoTT Cuthbert Munns E. W. Prichard K. K. POEHLER H. R. Searles Cha s. W. Van Dyke W. M. Lawson David L. Mackintosh C. F. Murphy V. E. Nylin R. W. Olson A. H. Small C. E. McCarthy E. G. Thompson C. E. Carney g. l. copenhefer Leland M. Youncblood DAVIS GULLICKSON Van DYKE CHENEY MOTT SPONG YOUNCBLOOD SMALL MACKINTOSH COLMAN MacRAE COPENHEFER CARNEY NELSON HUBBARD HENNINC LINDELL HIBBARD OLSON FREDRICKSON JACOBSON SANDERS SEARLES HARLAN McWlLLIAM HAYWARD MIESEN PRICHARD TANNER MALCOMSON CARNES 382 TH GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C HARLAN HAYWARD CARNES KAVEL MONTGOMERY MIESEN McWILLIAM THE LIVE STOCK JUDGING TEAM THE University of Minnesota, for the first time in years, was represented by a stock judging team at the International Live Stock Show, at Chicago in De- cember. The benefits derived from a contest of this character are of great value to the students, for it gives them an opportunity for the application of their animal husbandry studies. " The training received in judging is not for the sole purpose of supplying men qualified to tie ribbons in the show ring. Notwith- standing the fact that the placing of show ring awards carries with it great respon- sibility, since ideas and standards so established serve to lead or mislead the rank and file of live stock breeders, the real benefits of accurate judgments in the show ring are not to be measured by ribbons, plate, or cash. They are to be enjoyed by all consumers of meat or milk, wearers of clothes, and users of horses for either profit or pleasure. " The student judging contest is one of the big features of the show, and every year we see an increase in the number of teams representing the different agricultural institutions in this coun try. The team this year was made up of students from both the College and the School of Agriculture, and the showing made, was a credit to themselves and to the institution which they represented. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER LE CERCLE FRANCAIS (1 iA LE CERCLE FRANCAIS OFFICERS Ward Olmsted President Lucie Tomlinson Vice-president Lillian Wetherald Secretary Charles Dwan Treasurer Douglas Anderson Erna Archambo Katherine Barnard Helen Bayne IVIarie Bertram Alma Boehme Arthur Bouvier Bernice Brown Eugene Burke Charles Coburn Roland Cole Eugenia Day Ruth Deloria Amelia Doyle Charles Dwan Agnes Erickson G. Albin Ek UDWORTH FrASIER Alice Gall Marguerite Gallogly MEMBERS Chester Gile Robert Gile Valida Gluek James Gray, Jr. Marion Greenman Mary Guinn Marion Harris Elizabeth Hayes Susan Hohmann Mattie Huston Katherine Hartzell Franc Ingraham Dorothy Irish Marion Irwin Edgar Jaeger Agnes Keefe Irene Keyes Louise Leonard Glenn Lewis Madeline Long Kathryn Manahan Elmire Mqosbrugger Helen Morris Ward Olmsted Marion C. Parsons Marion F. Parsons Dorothy Partridge Luella Pesek Ridgely Pierson Clara Ravitch Annette Reynaud Leonard Rice Helen Stock Florence Sullivan Grace Sullivan Faith Thompson Martha Thompson Lucie Tomlinson Ruth Underwood Edwin Winter George Weiss ■?• J( . .2 M _f- «.«.» i% t. -5. t B f " ' p r ' ' ' fc ' ■ .JM. " m ' ' " ■M THE GOPHER " " ' " " ' ■ " " " " ' ■ " " " " ' ■ " ■«»« " " ' I ■lMMH»mi«liin»ili iimiiiiiiiiiiiiiiMiimiiiMiniiiiiiMiiiMiimiii ' tiil " l " T " ' - " " « ' f ' ' ■ ' •? ' . i.;ii-vri,- iijijiifni ' . " ' |i|iil " " | i " ' :niii|l " --YTlif! ' T|Pil| ' !Sji||P . ., . _ju„iu..»cSi«L,jiiiliiiilNli.:iiik m; -trx " " ■ " " ■■«il»«l» " l ' " " i ' " ' i ' ' ■! - fiillii Jli I. ,„ui lllilW„.„«i. JiiiW. ii.„iu..iAit-jiiilii " ilNli.:iiik m; J: W.,, • ' " ■ MENORAH SOCIETY Organized at the University oj Minnesota, 1903 OFFICERS David London President Maybelle Greenberc Vice-president Harry J. Bikson Secretary Hymen S. Lippman Treasurer t» , ' 4- Km l THE GOPHE,R QUILL Number of Members, 10 MEMBERS head quill driver Kathryn Urquhart Genevieve Bernhardt MoLLIE HaLLORAN QUILLS Elizabeth Odell Frances Irwin Louise Nippert pin heads or pledges Mary Freeman Irene Keyes Beatrice Hardy Dorothy Morrissey ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ 386 THE GOPHER SCANDINAVIAN SOCIETY THE SCANDINAVIAN SOCIETY OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA Founded at Minnesota, 1908 FACULTY Prof, and Mrs. Gisle Bothne Prof, and Mrs. A. A. Stomberg Prof, and Mrs. Joseph Peterson Prof, and Mrs. Martin B. Ruud Prof, and Mrs. A. T. Rasmussen Prof, and Mrs. T. I. Neercard OFFICERS first semester Julien Kvam President Vernie Larson Vice-president Ethel N. Erickson Secretary Thomas Estrem Treasurer Paul Samuelson Sergeant-at-Arms second semester Paul A. Samuelson President Marie Sundheim Vice-president Ebba Sorensen Secretary George Swenson Treasurer Richard Lindquist Sergeant-at-Arms ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C (V SCHOOL OF MINES SOCIETY MINNESOTA SCHOOL OF MINES SOCIETY Founded at Minnesota, 1898 Number oj Members, 76 A student society affiliated with the American Institute of Mining Engineers. OFFICERS T. E. Cassilly President H. R. Armstrong Secretary-Treasurer R. W. Allard . Editor Bulletin V ' J ■ ■ ■ THE GOPH R ■ ■ B SPAHISH CLUB mW ' ' " S ' ' ' mli i . Founded at Minnesota, 1906 Number of Members, 58 To lend a bit of Spanish atmosphere to the university life of those interested in the language. Genevieve Bernhardt Amelia Doyle Wm. G. Dow Mattie Huston 1917 Helen Jack Clara MacKenzie Oliver Powell Lillian Wetherald Romayne Backus Ralph Beal Harriet Benton Paul Carroll Catherine Clancy Frances Ackley Russell D. Baker Winifred Barry Salvatore Bovino Louise Brace 1918 Mahel Felland Marian Greenman Teresa Fitzgerald Guy Ingersoll Graham Gleysteen Chester Mattson Marian Greene Harold Metcalf 1919 Charles Coburn Marie Martinez LuciLE Daugherty Alan Metcalf Katherine Hartzell Justin Miller Margaret Kendall Jean Probert Charles Cantieny Ruth Fitzpatrick Marguerite Cummings Burton Forster Marguerite Edwards Helen Gavin 1920 Mary Hartunc Henry C. Jenswold Lillian Kane Hart Anderson UNCLASSED Ward Olmsted Oliver T. Skellet Florence Sullivan Mary Taylor Vernon Williams Mildred Schlener Elling Thygeson Nicholas Volkay Jas. H. Werdenhoff Rodolpho G. Westerman Myrl McKinnon Alfred H. Roth C. A. Sawyer Rose Schefrin ■ ■ Beatrice Washburn McFARLAND PLUMMER BARRY BAKER GLEYSTEEN FORSTER HUSTON CLANCY WETHERALD FELLAND ESHELBY HARTZELL ACKLEY BEAL DOYLE POWELL COBURN MARTINEZ ANDERSON D ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE GOPHE R TRAILERS Dr. J. Anna Norris Mrs. Jessie S. Ladd Harriet A nundsen Florence Broker Nell Garrett Vivien Groves Roherta Hostetler Mattie Huston Esther Johnson Florence Kurvinen Dorothy Dodge Caroline Helmick Ruth Kollinc Winifred Bailey Vera Bucknell Dorothy Chapman Violette Fletcher Amy Hawkinson THE TRAILERS ALUMNA Vera Wright ASSOCIATE MEMBERS Miss Valeria G. Ladd Miss May S. Kissock Miss Elizaheth Jackson 1917 1918 Marian Shepard 1919 Eleanor Liedl Esther McBride Clara Nordcarden Ann Pederson Mary B. Smith Ruth Trump Dorothy Waterman Emma Waterman Clara Ladner Marion McCall May Peterson Helen Hockenbercer Teresa Huesman Bertha Peik Jeannette Walker Marjorie Way way D. waterman McBRIDE hostetler bailey pederson JOHNSON ANUNDSEN kurvinen v. FLETCHER LIEDL DODGE GROVES PEIK BUCKNELL NORDCARDEN SHEPARD GARRETT SMITH E. WATERMAN WALKER HELMICK HOCKENBERCER D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER WING AND BOW WING AND BOW SOCIETY OFFICERS Edward Wise President Kenneth Dickinson Treasurer Harry Weaver Secretary 1917 Francis J. Rickel Harold Timberlake Benjamin I. Scott Perry N. Johnson Morton J. Rainey Donald S. Smith Parker Anderson 1918 Chester Dahle Vernon O ' Connor Thomas M. Gallocly Donald Sharp Lauren S. Tuttle Russell T. Williams Parker D. Sanders Laurence H. Richards Frank H. Brown Walter G. Haertel Robert Gray Paul Flinn Milden Way Roland C. Schmid Sam W. Robertson 1919 Archie H. Campbell Allen Sinclair Robert Schmitt Marshall B. Williams Webstre Hedin Earle B. Jones Walter Schmid 5 I ' rl rri r? ' ? ' i sharp RICHARDS HAERTEL BREWSTER FLINN SCHMITT HEDIN SINCLAIR CRAY WILLIAMS JONES WAY O ' CONNOR CAMPBELL DAHLE SMITH GALLOCLY TUTTLE SANDERS BROWN RICKEL SCOTT RAINEY DICKINSON WISE TIMBERLAKE WEAVER JOHNSON ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ niHiiiiMiMJiMiiiiHiiiiuiiiiiniiiiHiiniiiinuHiiiniiiiiiiiiiHii uiniiiuiiiiiiijiniijiiiiiuiiiuHiiiiuiiiiiii(iiiiiiiNiiiniiHiiNiiiiiiiii i iniHiniiiiiii iiiiiniiKr ACANTHUS LITERARY SOCIETY Founded at Minnesota, 1905 Number of Members, 30 Rebecca Cassell Margaret Cammack Adelaide Conners Anna Ganssle Nell Garrett Ethel Hoskins Esther McBride GRADUATE 1917 Emma Waterman Sybil Fleming Clara Nordcarden Marion Reed Ethel Robinson Phoebe Swenson Clare Toomev Dorothy Waterman Abigail Carufel Mae Donaldson Wilma Eustis Eva Andrews Harriet Apel LoRNA Beers Marion Harris NURSE ' 19 Alma Haupt 1918 1919 Monica Langtry Eleanor Leerskov Marion Shepard Florence Overpeck Marion C. Parsons Merrily Sward Helen Toomey MEDICINE " 21 Ruth Thygeson D. waterman HARRIS BEERS CAMMACK HOSKINS EUSTIS LEERSKOV langtry APEL overpeck shepard ANDREWS GARRETT E. WATERMAN FLEMING NORDGARDEN GANSSLE CARUFEL McBRIDE SWENSON TH GOPHER ,iUsXi W :t!M .t, ' ML:HJli V.V.W.gS ,HlirulillMll|i|l ill! ' JlililllllllUM ' !llill[ ' iiill,l limllllll llii ilHililimihllMllllHllllllh ■lln ;..liiiii)i. i.IE E.uauaai. i imiJiiJiu.iuvMViuui.iuumviuv.usatWim IDUNA llWCgf TCffOglPllft1IDI!rflFffl: gffi IDUNA Purpose: A more intensive study of Swedish literature. OFFICERS Vernie Larson . President Jemima Olson Vice-president Eva Andrews Secretary Amanda Larson Secretary SiGRiD Carlson Treasurer MEMBERS Vernie Larson Acnes Hedberc Amanda Larson Grace Oberc Hildecarde Swenson Eva Andrews Ethel Erickson Marie Nelson LuciLE Noble Ruth Reisberc Jemima Olson Sicrid Carlson Ruth A. Anderson Ethel Akins Oxelia Sellin Ruth Halleen Ruth Johnson Acnes Bolin Gladys Hendrickson Josie Lundquist THE GOPHER MINERVA LITERARY SOCIETY OFFICERS Helen Michell President Mary Smith Vice-president Helen Norris Secretary Helen Sullivan Treasurer Genevieve Bernhardt Dorothy Blakey Florence Brande Sara Carey Margaret Cotton Lucille Daugherty Muriel Fairbanks GUDRUN GaBRIELSEN Ruth Howard Helen Hockenbercer MEMBERS Helen Jack Florence Jules loNE Kirscher Marie Lobdell Gertrude Lockwood Dorothy McKay Clara Mackenzie Helen Michell Grace Muir Leta Nelson Incerd Nissen Helen Norris Eunice Smith Mary Smith Helen Sullivan Anne Thurston Edith Watson Effie Wilson Katherine Wise Ethel Yetter s ipy 1 r fL fL_ 1 li 1 norris THURSTON GABRIELSEN KING LOCKWOOD FRYE E. SMITH WILSON JACK JULES FAIRBANKS McKAY NELSON WATSON HOCKENBERGER MUIR BRANDE BLAKEY COTTON MICHELL M. SMITH SULLIVAN D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER THALIAN LITERARY SOCIETY Founded at Minnesota, 1910 OFFICERS Gladys L. Reker President Isabel Gibson Vice-president Mary Taylor Secretary Kathebiine Fobes Treasurer FACULTY Anna Phelan 1917 Reola Appel Mildred Lammers Emma Bolt Helen Nicol Florence Dale Gladys Reker Isabel Gibson Margaret Wallace Marie Hinderer Frances Womack 1918 Margaret Besnah Mary Martin Lucy Gibbs Clare Shenehon Alice Glenesk Kathleen Smith Katherine Fobes ' Catherine Stevens Alice Harker Mary Taylor Irene Keyes Caroline Wallace 1919 Olivia Appel Rose Pecor Winifred Barry Marion Wash Constance Conger Lorna Wilson Kathryn Manahan Bernice Woehler besnah STEVENS C. WALLACE MARTIN HARKER PECOR SMITH BARRY GLENESK HINDERER GlfiBS WILSON WASH BOLT KEYES NICOL M. WALLACE WOMACK TAYLOR REKER GIBSON APPEL LAMMERS ■ ■ ■ 39S THE GOPHER GILLESPIE THOMPSON POEHLER SCHMITT IRWIN GALE HOLTON GALL CLARK KELLEY HOUGHTON GRAY LONGFELLOW MEKEEL THETA EPSILON OFFICERS Marion Gray President Olive O ' Neil Vice-president Helen Longfellow Secretary Cora Houghton . Treasurer MEMBERS Josephine Allen Marjorie Bacher Julia Clark Esther Farnham Hilda Gale Alice Gall Margaret Gillespie RORERTA HoSTETLER Murlen Holton Marjorie Hurd Frances Irwin Doris Jenkins Edith Jones Frances Kelley Mildred Mekeel Mary Mosher Louise Nippert Marguerite Owen Gladys Poehler Helen Schmitt Faith Thompson Martha Thompson Kathryn Urquhart ZH ■ ■ ■ [ Athletics THL GOPHER ■ THE ATHLETIC BOARD OF CONTROL FACULTY James Paige Dr. Harding ALUMNI George Webster L. A. Paige 1916-17 Albert Baston President Clare Long Vice-president Arthur Melin Secretary John E. Connell Dentistry Representative Kenneth Caldwell .■ . . . . Medical Representative Ernest Bros Engineering Representative James Ballentine Law Representative Arnold Hawkinson Agriculture Representative 1917-18 Arnold Wyman President Clinton Boo I a j • t. Harold Gillen Academic Representatives Samuel Mara Dentistry Representative Ernest Bros Engineering Representative Kenneth Caldwell Medical Representative Arthur Melin Law Representative Arnold Hawkinson Agriculture Representative ■ ■ H ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER WEARERS OF THE " M " HiLDiNG Anderson Parker Anders on Ted Anderson James A. Ballentine Earl Ballincer Albert Baston George H. Bierman Ernest T. Bros John E. Connell Mollis A. Cross Addison H. Douglass Conrad L. Eklund Clarence R. Flynn Harold W. Gillen Robert Gray Herbert M. Griffin Walter G. Haertel Joseph Hartwig George Hauser Louis A. Hauser Herman E. Hayward B. F. Johnson Perry Johnson Norman W. Kincsley Clare I. Long Geo. E. McGeary Frank A. Mayer Herman J. Moersch Charles A. Partridge Erlinc S. Platou Joseph M. Sprafka Harry Scholtes Francis H. Stadsvold Harold Timberlake John L. Townley Leland S. Van Nest Carleton Wallace Claude Williams Leonard Wilson Edward Wise Arnold D. Wyman ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER t ' ? » WILLIAMS GRAY KINCSLEY DEAN BUCKLEY HARTWIG CARLSON HARTLE VAN NEST WILSON JOHNSON BALLENTINE SPRAFKA WYMAN HANSEN LONG WISE ANDERSON HANSON TOWNLEY HAUSER EKLUND BASTON SINCLAIR MAYER FLINN 1=1 ■ ■ ■ ■ c n ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ I FROM THE GRANDSTAND DURING the twenty and more years that I have followed football, including eleven as a writer of the game in Chicago, I have seen a number of great teams. I recall, most vividly, the Minnesota elevens of 1900, 1903, 1910, and 1915; the Michigan elevens of 1903 and 1905, the Chicago team of 1899, Wisconsin of 1902, and Illinois of 1914. These were all powerful organizations — fast, shifty, and brainy. Yet above them all I place Minnesota ' s wonderful team of 1916. In that game on Stagg Field we watched an eleven without a single weak spot; an eleven in which all were stars, yet all members of one machine. Since that date I have talked with many men expert in football knowledge. Without a single exception they have called the Gopher eleven of 1916 the greatest or one of the two or three finest they ever saw perform. One of these men was a Cornell graduate, a man whose brother played in the line on the Big Red team in 1915 and 1916. He called Cornell ' s 1915 and Minne- sota ' s 1916 elevens superior to any he had seen either West or East in fifteen years. A Detroit newspaper man told me Minnesota should have beaten Michigan, Cornell, and Pennsylvania in 1915 on the same field. He qualified this by stating that Penn might have been able to hold Minnesota somewhat better than the other two. Ellmore C. Patterson, a neighbor of mine, and for many years All- Western critic of Collier ' s Weekly, informed me after the game that he did n ' t believe a team in the country could have scored on the Gophers that day, and that not one could have held Minnesota from crossing the line. Such a grand squad comes but seldom to football. The line plunging was superb; the forward passing a revelation; the defense splendid. When one Gopher missed his man, there were two or three others on the runner. If I may go into more detail I might say that Hauser ' s work at tackle was reminiscent of the days of Schacht, of Curtis, and Walker. Baston showed himself an end of the Neil Snow type. Wyman at full-back led interference and made forward passes most astonishingly well. I might go on indefinitely and tell of each man who fought that day on Stagg Field. They all played most satisfactory football both from the spectator ' s and the critic ' s standpoint. The writer saw the first team Dr. Williams turned out at Minnesota. He has followed the Gophers closely since that day. But, looming up above the rest, stands the 1916 squad led by Captain Baston. Malcolm MacLean, ' 03. ■ ■■■c ==]■■■■ I 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ 401 THL GOPHE,R W ■ ■ C =!■■■-! THE 1916 TEAM By Albert Baston. NO season in Minnesota football history ever began with greater prospects nor with more uncertainty than that of 1916. Four men who had already made their " M " s had conditions to pass off in order to be eligible, while several likely freshmen were in the same boat. But for once, all these men cleared themselves; and to those men too much credit can not be given for the success of this year ' s team. With this uncertainty cleared away, the team settled down to the grind. The Dakotas were individually and collectively administered a severe drubbing. Then Iowa was met and given such a trouncing that she decided not to return in 1917. Then came Illinois and there Minnesota met defeat by a score of 14 to 9. Why did the team which showed such strength fall before a team, which, as shown by later defeats, was a weaker team by far? There is no explanation; no one was to blame, rather everyone. Illinois clearly outfought and outplayed Minnesota, and there is no excuse to offer. I have heard people remark, " Was it not a shame to lose to Illinois? " In the first place it was no shame, for every man on that team played to the limit, and whatever excuse is offered for the game it cannot be D ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■ TH GOPH R ■■■ said that every man did not give all he had. Lessons furthermore are bitter things, but that game taught a lesson to every man on the team which will never be forgotten. I never saw any group of men so disappointed, or so thoroughly beaten, as after that game. To go out on the field 40 to winners and to go off beaten will try the mettle of the best of men. Everyone was asking, " What was the matter? " Then it was that the team showed the stuff. Every man seemed to take an oath to show what was in him. And they came back, and such a comeback will seldom be seen again on Northrop Field: Minnesota 54, Wisconsin 0, the worst beating Wisconsin had taken in 25 years. There was the determination and the drive in that game that completely demoralized Wisconsin — every man playing to the limit. Then there was Chicago and repetition against much stronger opposition. It was the worst defeat that Chicago had ever suffered: Minnesota 49, Chicago 0. It was not a championship team, but nevertheless it was some team, and credit is due to Doc Williams and to every man on the squad. They disappointed everyone and more than anyone else themselves in the Illinois game and then won out by pure determination not to go down in football history as a team that might have been, but was not. To have played under Doc Williams and with such a bunch of men as made up this year ' s squad was a privilege and with that bunch of fellows as a neucleus for next year ' s team prospects could not be better. 3 a ■ ■ ■ THe GOPHER A LOOK AHEAD By George Hauser. DUE to the strict eligibility rules, it is exceedingly difficult to make definite state- ments concerning a future football team. At present the prospects for the 1917 football squad look bright. Of the twenty-four men who received " M " s in 1916, eleven have been eliminated as 1917 football material due to graduation and to the three year Conference ruling. This leaves thirteen ' varsity men available for next fall. Of course this number may be reduced by the operation of the stringent eligibility rules. The Freshmen squad of 1916, although light in weight, promises to furnish splendid ' varsity material. It will be very difficult to fill the places left vacant by Captain Baston, Sinclair and Townley, but in the 1916 " second string " we have hopes of finding men who will fill these positions. Our success in 1916 can be attributed to the efficient coaching of Doctor Williams and his assistants and to the exceptionable harmony which existed on the athletic field. Our success in 1917 depends largely upon a continuation of this co-operation between coaches and players. If the candidates for the 1917 football squad succeed in " getting by " the eligibility board, it is quite certain that we will have a winning team. ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER THE 1916 SEASON By Dr. Henry L. Wiluams IN the football season of 1916 Minnesota was represented by probably the most brilliant and versatile team that the University has ever put upon the field. The modern game of football gives wonderful opportunities in offensive tactics and strategy. To play anything like up to the possibilities which it offers requires a veteran quarterback who has mastered the art of attack and an experienced team of men that can execute their plays with dash and precision. This Minnesota had, and the team played up to its full possibilities in masterly form in every game throughout the season with the single exception of that against Illinois on November 4th. In this contest Minnesota fell far below the form and standard that she showed at all the other games on the program. Without any intent of making excuse or offering an alibi, it is rather interesting to analyze the defeat of Minnesota by Illinois in view of the overwhelming victories by Minnesota over every other team played, including those that beat and tied Illinois. Early in the year when it was evident that a great team at Minnesota was in the process of formation, the men on the squad took for their goal the making of the ■ ■ II ■ ■ a ■ « c D ■ ■ ■ ■ 3 m THL GOPHE R best football team in the United States. This was an entirely reasonable ambition, and if the team had been able to maintain the form and pace against Illinois that it held in all the other games played, it is hard to see how the critics could have failed to award Minnesota that position. The Illinois team played a good game, but not one that should have been difficult for the Minnesota team of 1916 to overcome. This game furnished an excellent illustration of the fact that it is exceedingly difficult, if not impossible, for a team to reach its development and be in champion- ship form for every contest on the schedule; and that even the best team, before it reaches its final stage of development, and when off form, and without that something known as " edge, " may lose to a strong rival which, nevertheless, under favorable conditions, it would surely defeat. At the time the team played Illinois, it was in its mid-season transitional stage. The team was still playing the old standard offense that had served well all through the early games, but which the Illinois scouts had had an opportunity to study and prepare for. Before the Illinois game, too, the final shakeup in the line and selection of the strongest combination had not taken place. It was calculated that the team THE GOPHER B ■ ■ which was able to defeat Iowa 67 to on October 28th would be able to weather the Illinois game on November 4th, by a small score, without change of tactics, and that following this game, with two full weeks open, Minnesota would take on its final stage of development in preparation for Wisconsin and Chicago. All this would undoubtedly have worked out as planned, if the team had been given proper rest early in the week, thus averting staleness and injuries. However, the loss of this game, though a great disappointment, inasmuch as it deprived the boys of the championship title, was a splendid lesson in discipline and did much to develop the offense and the general strength of the team for the games with Wisconsin on November 18th and with Chicago on November 25th. One of the factors that made the season of 1916 of particular interest was the fact that the Harvard system was being introduced at Wisconsin under a staff of Harvard coaches. This promised to afford a comparison of the style of play of Eastern and Western teams without an intersectional contest. The result of this game on Northrop Field, November 18th, before the gathering of Alumni, was a surprise alike to Wisconsin and Minnesota. The home team regained its snap THE- GOPHER and dash, and with a reorganized line and final development completely overwhelmed Wisconsin by a score of 54 to 0. Wisconsin failed to advance the ball a yard after the first period of the game. The final game in Chicago on November 25th was very similar in result to that against Wisconsin, except that Minnesota played with even greater brilliance and precision. Minnesota scored 7 touch-downs and kicked 7 goals, making 49 points, while Chicago was held safe without a score at all times. The personnel of the Minnesota team in each game, and the final scores, are appended. n ■ ■ ■ ■ c the: gophE R MINNESOTA, 41— SOUTH DAKOTA STATE, 7 THE first game of the season came on a very hot day. Minnesota won by a one-sided score, but was forced to fight from start to finish. The team showed crude but unmistakable power. South Dakota scored in the third quarter after substitutes had replaced practically all of the Minnesota regulars. Brilliant work accompanied their touchdown, however. Captain Baston and Sprafka were unable to play in this game, due to injuries received during the week preceding. Despite this fact, however, Minnesota followers saw prospects for a wonderful season in the work of the team. THE GOPHER ■ ■ B C MINNESOTA, 47— NORTH DAKOTA, 7 THE team made considerable progress during the week between the South Dakota State game and the North Dakota game. North Dakota had a good team of hard, clean fighters, but they were unable to stop the terrific drive of the Gophers. Never before had a Minnesota team shown so much polish so early in the season. Long was out of the game with a charley horse, but Van Nest ably filled his place until he retired in the third quarter with a sprained ankle. Mayer received a twisted knee in the same play, which kept him out of the two following games. North Dakota scored in the last quarter when McKay picked up a Minnesota fumble and ran 55 yards for a touchdown. MINNESOTA, 81— SOUTH DAKOTA, HISTORY repeated itself in this game, for once before, in 1905, Minnesota defeated South Dakota by a score of 81 to 0. South Dakota was hopelessly outclassed from the start to the close of the game. Only once did they have possession of the ball in Minnesota territory. Not once in the first half did South Dakota make first down, and only three times in the second half after the regulars =i ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER K=Q ' . ' - A- had been replaced by substitutes. Not once was Minnesota held for downs and not once was she forced to kick. Twice the ball was lost to South Dakota on intercepted forward passes and once on a fumble. MINNESOTA, 67— IOWA, THE Iowa men were fast and husky, but they were unable to withstand the powerful onslaught of the Minnesota machine. The Minnesota players played in wonderful form, and swept the Iowa team completely off its feet. The features =] ■ ■ ■ THt GOPHER ■ ■ ■ of the game were the Wyman to Baston forward passes and the exceptionally brilliant line plunging of Sprafka. Iowa met the same fate as its predecessors when they attempted to batter the Minnesota defense. An impregnable line stretched before them. This was the first game for half-back Hansen. Before this time he had been unable to play because of scholastic difficulties. MINNESOTA, 9— ILLINOIS, 14 MINNESOTA started the game big favorites over Illinois, but before the first quarter ended Illinois had 14 points to Minnesota ' s 0. The first Illinois touchdown came as an indirect result of a fumbled kickoff, and the second came almost an instant after when a misdirected forward pass found repose in the arms of a fleeing Illinois back. Minnesota showed a touch of early-season power at the beginning of the third quarter when they received an Illinois kickoff and carried the ball the whole length of the field for a touchdown. After that the drive failed, however, and no more scores were made, except a safety by Wyman. Minnesota was clearly off color, but no one seemed to be able to sufficiently explain the cause. Later season results showed that Minnesota had a better team, but no one who saw the game doubted that Illinois had the better team on Norhrop Field. It is one of those things that will go down in the history of sport as a matter for wonder and conjecture. THE GOPHER MINNESOTA, 54— WISCONSIN, IN this game Minnesota wiped out the Illinois defeat and regained the prestige held before that game. " It was a wonderful exhibition of team work in which every man was a star and in which the team as a whole was a constellation of the first magnitude. Only five times during the game did Wisconsin have pos- session of the ball: once when Minnesota fumbled; once when Minnesota was held for downs; twice when Minnesota chose to kick rather than risk being held for downs, and once on an intercepted forward pass. In these five times in possession of the ball, Wisconsin succeeded in making fifteen yards ' advance and lost forty-five yards, a net loss of thirty yards as the total result of her possession of the ball. " — Alumni Weekly. Many long runs were the features of the day, the most brilliant of which was the one made by Captain Baston when, aided by wonderful interference, he ran the whole length of the field for a touchdown after receiving a Wisconsin kickoff. D ■ ■ ■ ■ 3 ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C MINNESOTA, 49— CHICAGO, EVERY man was in every play and every play went off with clocklike pre- cision. Chicago was not weak — Minnesota was strong. Through the Chicago line, around her ends and over her head the ball went with bewildering speed and sureness. Chicago had the ball long enough to test Minnesota ' s defense and it proved adequate. In the forward passing field Wyman passed with an accuracy that could not have been excelled, and Baston and Flynn caught the ball with a cleverness that could not be circumvented. Sprafka ' s twenty-yard buck for a touchdown was one of the great features of a game that was replete with marvelous features. Dr. Williams, who usually has little to say, declared that the team played ' the most magnificent game of football I have ever seen in my life. ' Mayer ' s goal kicking was wonderful — seven straight without a single miss. Hansen made a wonderful showing in advancing the ball. " — Alumni Weekly. ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHE,R . The joUowing signed letter was Ring Lardnei ' s toast,, delivered to the " M " Club banquet at the K ' est Hotel while he was in Chicago. " You-Know-Me-Ar gives some post-season counsel to Dr. Williams and his team. November 27. Gents : — YOLR flavor of the 16 with interest at hand and you says the m club was going to give a banquet on the 29 in honor of some football team and I suppose you mean the Minnesota college nine and if you do I am glad you are going to give them a banquet because I seen them down here last Saturday and they looked y starved. You says also would I respond to a toast and I will be frank with you and tell you right out No, I won ' t because in the 1 place I cannot come and in another place I been informed that I am pretty popular in Minneapolis and that is because they have not anybody up there ever heard me respond to a toast and another thing the last time I was to Minneapolis a man name John Ritchie took me around and I was sick afterwards for 3 wks. and could not eat or do anything only drink water. You also says in your letter that it was needless to say that my presence would insure the success of your banquet and what I cannot figure out is that if it was needless to say that what did you have to go and say it for. ou also says that if I could not come would I write a response to be read at the banquet and in any case you will of course stand all expenses so here is the response to be read at the banquet and the expenses connected with it is 13 cents allowing 1 cent for the stationery and 10 cents for the special delivery and 2 cents for the red stamp and that was the cheapest I could get at any of the post offices. I hope to hear from you by return of the mail. I don ' t hardly know what to write about as I got no idear what was the name of the toast that I was to respond to it. I suppose you want something in regards to the football nine on account of me having seen them play last Saturday and probably you want my opinion on what is the matter with them. For 1 thing I think there is frictions on the team maybe on account of the different fratemitys and the men seems to be jealous of each other and don ' t help each other. If I was Dr. Williamson I would try and root out the different clicks and get a little team work before your next game. Another thing I noticed was that the men did not act like they knowed what positions they was placing but kept moving around trying to get located and some of them was way out of place even when the ball was past. Dr. Williamson should ought to give them a lesson in the rules and tell them where the different players is supposed to stand. For instance you got a man named Baston or some thing that the paper says he is supposed to play left end but he has not got no more idear where left end is than a rabbit or something and part of the time he was playing center and part of the time middle half back and part of THE GOPHER the time right field. I thought the officials might of steered him right but I suppose they thought Stagg would think they were showing partiality. And another thing I noticed was that the defensive half backs did not hardly make a tackle the whole game. And another thing was the way your men catched the ball on the kick outs after touchdowns. Instead of standing up and catching the ball they dived on their stomachs like they was ball players that did not know how to slide. And another thing I noticed was that your line men loafed on offense and sometimes the half back that was carrying the ball run into an opponent and got tackled before he had hardly gained 18 yards. The line men ' s business is to make holes for the backs to come through and the holes your line men made was not hardly big enough to squeeze a delivery truck through let alone a fair sized half back. And if I was Dr. Williamson I would learn my men the multiple kick so as they would have a little variety in their attack. But you got good materials to work with and if you can get the men to working together and try and fix up a versatile offense and let the half backs get a little tackling practice and find 4 or 5 good back field men to help out the line and learn the men the different positions so as they will know where to stand I would not be surprised if you would throw a scare into some of the teams you still got left to play yet and maybe even hold Ohio State to a low score. That is about all I got to say except I seen Boles Rosenthal and Dr. Constance or something in Chicago Saturday night and I was surprised to see Rosenthal as I thought of course he would be scouting at some game, but I and he talked it over and he thinks the same as I do about your team, thot you would be a whole lot better if you had a little harmony and adhesion. And speaking of harmony that reminds me that I was in the Lambs Cafe late Saturday night and some of the Minnesota fans come in and sung their songs and without hurting nobody ' s feelings I would suggest that you better make some changes in your vocal faculty up there. But I never seen no better college spirits than they had and I guess they must of got it over to the college inn. Well one of them come over to my table and asked a lady to dance and the lady happened to be my first wife so I answered for her and kind of discouraged him but after a while he come over again and there was a Minnesota man setting with us then and he told this here gent to get away and not to bother us because I was Mr. Lardner. And the gent says: " Who the hell is Mr. Lardner? " So if the gent is there at your banquet here is some information for him. Mr. Lardner is the guy that is writing this letter which I will close. Respectfully, Ring W. Lardner. 3 ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHE.R ■ C WALTER CAMP ' S ALL-AMERICAN FIRST ELEVEN Baston ..... Minnesota West Colgate Black Yale Peck Pittsburgh Dadmun Harvard Horning Colgate MosELY Yale Anderson Colgate Oliphant . . . . ■ . Army Pollard Brown Harley Ohio State End Tackle Guard Center Guard Tackle End Quarterback Halfback Halfback Fullback SECOND ELEVEN Herron Pittsburgh . Ward Navy Hocc Princeton . McEwAN Army Bachman Notre Dame Gates Yale Miller Penn State Purdy Brown Casey Harvard Le Gore Yale Berry Penn State End Tackle Guard Center Guard Tackle End Quarterback Halfback Halfback Fullback II ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER PATTERSON ' S ALL- WESTERN Baston Hauser HiGCINS TOWNLEY Sinclair Becker Harley Macomber FIRST ELEVEN Minnesota End Minnesota Tackle Chicago Guard Minnesota Center Minnesota Guard Iowa Tackle Ohio End Illinois Quarterback Driscoll Northwestern .... Halfback Maulbetsch .... Michigan Halfback Wyman Minnesota Fullback SECOND ELEVEN Norman . . . . . Northwestern Petty Illinois Eklund Minnesota . NiEMAN Michigan . Bachman Notre Dame Mayer Minnesota . Bolen Ohio Long Minnesota . Hansen Minnesota . CoFALL Notre Dame Koehler Northwestern End Tackle Guard Center Guard Tackle End Quarterback Halfback Halfback Fullback 1 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C THE LINE COUI.I) Ndl HOLD ■ ■ I ' KKKKCT IMKHFKUKNCL LIKE A TANK THROUGH THE TRENCHES THE GOPHER ■•• ' THE SCENE OF MANY A BATTLE HAIL MINNESOTA Minnesota, hail to thee! Hail to thee, out college dear! Thy light shall ever be A beacon bright and clear. Thy sons and daughters, true Will proclaim thee near and jar. They will guard thy fame and adore thy name; Thou shalt be their Northern Star. Like the stream that bends to sea. Like the pine that seeks the blue; Minnesota, still for thee Thy sons are strong and true. From thy woods and waters fair. From thy prairies waving far. At thy call they throng with their shout and song, Hailing thee, their Northern Star. 420 THE, GOPHER MINNESOTA TRACK RECORDS EVENT HOLDER DATE RECORD 100-yard dash .... Stanley Hill .... 1910 . 09 4-5 220-yard dash .... Stanley Hill . 1910 . . 22 flat 440-yard run . . . . 0. C. Nelson . 1899 . . 50 1-5 120.yard high hurdles . j 1902 1909 • . 15 4-5 220-yard low hurdles . . Mike Bockman 1901 . . 25 flat Half-mile run ( Harris Ted Anderson 1901 ; 1911 ■ . 1:59 Mile run Fred Watson . 1915 . . 4:31.2 Two-mile run Sidney Stadsvold 1912 . . 9:53 4-5 High jump A. W. Peterson . 1911 . 5 ft. lOJ in Broad jump Howard Lambert 1912 . 22 ft. Hi in Pole vault Leo J. Coady . 1911 . 11 ft. Shot put Leonard Frank 1912 . 44 ft. Hi in Discus throw Leonard Frank 1912 . . 125 ft. 8 in Hammer throw Jos. FORNIER 1914 . . 139 ft. lOi in WESTERN CONFERENCE TRACK RECORDS EVENT HOLDER COLLEGE DATE RECORD 100-yard dash . . . Blair . Chicago 1903 09 4-5 220-yard dash . Hahn . Michigan 1903 21 3-5 440-yard run Davenport Chicago 1910 48 4-5 120-yard hig h hurdles Simpson Missouri 1915 15 flat 220-yard low hurdles Simpson Missouri 1915 24 3-5 Half-mile run . Campbell . Chicago 1915 1:53 Mile run Meyers De Pauw . 1915 4: 19 3-5 Two-mile run Mason Illinois 1915 9:33 3-5 High jump Wahl Wisconsin . 1914 6 ft. 1 in Broad jump Stiles Wisconsin . 1915 23 ft. 9 in Pole vault Gold Wisconsin . 1914 12 ft. 8 in Shot put Rose Michigan 1914 47 ft. i in Discus throw Garrals Michigan 1905 140 ft. 21 in Hammer throw Thomas Purdue 1904 164 ft. 10 in D ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C JOHNSON GILLEN WYMAN BROS FRANK WATSON MARTIN G. BIERMAN CROSS BALLENTINE DEAN MOERSCH THORSON HAUSER B, BIERMAN WILLIAMS FISCHER THE 1916 TRACK TEAM HALF MILE Louis Hauser Richard Fischer HURDLES John Martin Claude Williams Herman Moersch BROAD JUMP George Bierman Herman Moersch HAMMER Ted Thorson Arnold Wyman POLE VAULT Ernest Bros B. F. Johnson DASHES John Martin James Ballentine B. F. Johnson DISCUS AND SHOT George Hauser Joseph Sprafka Harold Gillen DISTANCE Fred Watson Max Rapacz QUARTER MILE Bernard Bierman Hollis Cross JAVELIN George Hauser Joseph Sprafka k ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE R ■ ■ B EDSON WALLACE BALLINGER GRIFFIN CROSS SKELLET THE 1916 CROSS COUNTRY TEAM Herbert Griffin, Captain Allen Edson Carleton Wallace Oliver Skellet Earl Ballincer HoLLis Cross THE CROSS COUNTRY SEASON Minnesota vs. Wisconsin at Madison, November 4 Minnesota, 26 — Wisconsin, 29 The Carling Cup Race, November 11 Carl Wallace, First Place — Gamma Phi Beta, Winners The Conference Meet at Purdue, November 25 First Place — Purdue Second Place — Chicago Fifth Place — Wisconsin Third Place — Ames Fourth Place — Minnesota ■ ■ ■ 434 J ■ ■ ■ THE GOPH R BALLENTINE VARSITY TRACK By Leonard Frank. THE 1916 track team was composed of very few veterans, but many new men from the Freshman squad of the previous year. The one particularly pleasing feature about the season was the enthusiasm of the large number who participated. Right from the start the men took hold and worked until the end. This determina- tion and hard work was what made the team of 1916 the best Minnesota has had in recent years. The first meet was the American Amateur Athletic Union Championships in ■ ■ ■ The All University Meet 3 ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER JOHNSON St. Paul, held under the auspices of the St. Paul Athletic Club, March 1. Minne- sota won the meet with a score of 55. Hamline University was second with 16 points. The remaining points were widely scattered among several schools and unattached athletes most of whom were freshmen of the University of Minnesota. The outstanding feature of this meet was Jimmy Ballentine ' s winning the fifty yard dash against Frank Kelly, the phenomenal freshman, and Kline of Hamline. Ballentine equaled the then standing world ' s record of 5 2-5 seconds. Minnesota with a small squad took fourth place in the Conference indoor meet at Evanston. Watson won second place in the two-mile race forcing Mason of Illinois to break the record by five seconds in order to win. Ballentine came in fourth in the fifty yard dash and the relay team took third place in their event. The Minnesota-Iowa dual meet at Iowa City came next and Minnesota won by a score of 99 to 44, the largest score ever made by a Minnesota track team. -■iiiw- ' -■ v.- -an D ■ ■ ■ ■ ' _J ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C SPRAFKA Minnesota captured every first place on the track and four out of the seven first places in the field events. Of the twenty men wearing the maroon and gold only one failed to win a place. The following Saturday the team traveled to Lincoln, Nebraska, and trounced the Nebraskans 75 to 34. Minnesota was severely handicapped in this meet, being without the services of Bernie Bierman, who had injured a muscle so severely that he could not run, and George Hauser was unable to go with the team. The ground was soaked from heavy rains making the field events uncertain. Ballentine won the hundred yard dash in the remarkable time of ten seconds and came back and won the two hundred and twenty yards in twenty-two and one-fifth seconds. Louis Hauser finished first in both the mile and half mile runs, making good time in both races. The Wisconsin-Minnesota meet. May 20, was won by Wisconsin 85% to 491 4- Em ' . iflKB SH ' lgii - ' " 1 Ittyrj- tifl TT W ||||[ ■ ■ THE GOPHE,R ]ra J HAUSER This was the best score Minnesota has made against Wisconsin in six years. Wis- consin last year had the best team in the West winning the Conference outdoor championship by over forty points. Martin, George Hauser, Louis Hauser, George Bierman, Bernie Bierman, Bros, Moersch, and Watson, were Minnesota ' s best point winners in this contest. The Western Intercollegiate was held June 2 and 3. Ernest Bros took first place in the pole vault with a height of twelve feet. Louis Hauser won fourth in a record smashing half mile race, his unofficial time being 1 :55 3-5. Bernie Bierman won fifth place in another record-breaking race, his time being given as 49 4-5 seconds for the quarter mile. Minnesota took fourth place in the relay. Captain John Martin was the team ' s most consistent point winner. Competing in the hurdles, dashes and quarter mile races he rarely failed to win. He commanded the respect of every man on the team and the enthusiasm and sustained interest of the men were in a large measure due to his efforts. Captain-elect James Ballentine could be counted upon for several points in every meet. Although his best event was the quarter mile, he was frequently shifted to the dashes, and each time he more than made good. Ernest Bros established a new record of twelve feet for the pole vault. George Hauser, competing for the first time in the weight events, made a record of 165 feet in the javelin throw. Fred Watson, the old reliable distance runner, was not in the best of health, suffering from an abscess, and although he tried hard, was unable to duplicate his brilliant work of the previous year. Herman Moersch, competing in the high jump, did consistent work and rarely made less than five feet ten inches. George Bierman, another first year man, was best in the broad jump, although he competed in several events. Dick Fisher developed into a good middle distance runner. B. F. Johnson ran the dashes and pole vault and will bear watching the next two years. Louis Hauser performed THE, GOPHE R Wisconsin 85 3-4, Minnesota 49 1-4 creditably in the half and one mile runs. Max Rapacz ran his usual steady races. Claude Williams was always on Martin ' s heels in the hurdles. Ted Thorson and Joe Sprafka did good work in the weight events. With a number of last year ' s men still in school and the addition of several of last year ' s freshmen, the outlook for the season of 1917 is at this time exceedingly bright. Martin as usual ahead in the hurdles ■ THE GOPHER WALLACE ELECTED CAPTAIN MARCH 29th, Carleton Wallace was elected captain of the 1917 track team to succeed James Ballentine, who was declared ineligible. Wallace is a distance man and has done yeoman service for Minnesota both in track and cross country. tf!!!«»«WSS! ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 430 THL GOPHER COOK UEA.N KENNEDY TIMBERLAKE KUHRMEYER PARTRIDGE OSTBY OSWALD KINGSLEY WYMAN DOUGLASS STADSVOLD GILLEN THE 1917 CHAMPIONS Addison Douglass, Captain Guard Arnold Wyman, Captain 1917 Guard Francis Stadsvold Forward Harold Gillen . . . . ' Forward Norman Kingsley Center Charles Partridge Forward Harold Timberlake Center Carl M. Ostby Guard Fred Oswald Forward Henry Kuhrmeyer Center William Kennedy . . . . Guard ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ C 432 THE GOPHER THE 1916-1917 BASKETBALL SEASON By Frank A. R. Mayer. THE prospect of reviewing the 1916-1917 basketball season is indeed a pleasant one. It is always an easy and pleasing task to bestow credit where credit is due, and no one will dispute the fact that the team that represented Minnesota this season proved worthy of all the praise and credit that one can possibly give. Not since the seaso n of 1903, when the team then representing Minnesota proved a worthy claim to the championship of the United States, did a team perform in more brilliant, finished, and consistent shape. Although excelling in attack and defense, many difficulties were met, and the team had literally to " steam roller " its way to victory. Illinois and Wisconsin both put wonderful teams on the floor, and this, coupled with the uncanny performances of many of the less prominent Conference teams, forced Minnesota to fight every inch of the way. The fact that the players did fight and mow their way through the most difficult and bitterest competition experienced in years makes the ultimate victory doubly pleasing to Minnesota backers. The season, which in reality started before the close of football season, gave the followers reason for great hopes. Truly abnormal prospects were presented. Not only were the services of Captain Douglass, Wyman, Gillen, Partridge, and Timberlake of the 1915-1916 team available, but also the services of Francis Stads- vold, probably the greatest floor artist ever developed at Minnesota, who resumed basketball after two years of inactivity, and those of Kingsley, who, although a new man, subsequently proved his mettle as one of the best centers in the Conference. And lastly, another great factor greatly added to the value of the material pre- sented — a brilliant Freshman team. Composed of some players of great promise, this aggregation drove the varsity through the most strenuous practice imaginable every time they were called on to line up. It was merely another example of the THE GOPHER effect an efficient practice force has on the winning ability of the team it helps to develop, a factor rarely noticed when a team ' s wins and losses are compiled. Active competition started early in December, and continued until Christmas vacation. Doctor Cooke then allowed his men a week ' s vacation, but called them together again before New Year ' s and continued his drive for the championship. During the time allotted to preliminary games, Minnesota met and defeated quints representing Gustavus Adolphus, St. Olaf, St. Thomas, Stout Institute, River Falls Normal, and the North Dakota Aggies. The Conference season opened with a game against Wisconsin early in January. Minnesota hadn ' t beaten Wisconsin in years and had every reason to fear the out- come. Throughout the Conference, teams always feared Wisconsin as one of the most efficient and highly polished aggregations assembled. The Badgers lived up to their reputation during the game that took place on the Armory floor, showing some of the most dazzling and shifty team work imaginable, but the Gophers, propelled by a fighting spirit and dash seldom witnessed, overcame the handicap and won the game by a score of 25 to 23. Immediately following the supreme Wisconsin test came a fray with the quint from Illinois. The Minnesota fight again evidenced itself, however, and carried the team to a 20 to 11 victory. Shortly after this. Northwestern met the team at Evanston, and fell victim to the Gopher onslaught by a score of 23 to 13. Then came the first real thrill of the season. Ohio State traveled to Minneapolis during examination week, and caught the Gophers slightly out of practice. A wonderful battle ensued and only the hardest kind of work gave the Gophers a 25 to 24 victory. The schedule now forced the team away from home for the next four games. The first took place at Champaign, and true to form the Illinois " jinx " followed, the team losing by a margin of one point, the final score being 17 to 18 — despite the fact, too, that Minnesota outplayed Illinois at every stage of the game. The remaining three games gave no trouble, however. Ohio was defeated, 19 to 16; Chicago, 20 to 18; and Iowa, 39 to 15. ■ ■ THL GOPHER The first game after the return home took place with Chicago, and the team had little difficulty winning by a score of 19 to 12. In the same week, Iowa proved an easy victim, and only the substitution for the stars of the Gopher quint of several of the second string men kept the score down to 31 to 19. Gillen shot seven baskets in this game before retiring. Minnesota was now met with the proposition of winning both of the games remaining on the schedule in order to present a clear claim to the championship. The loss of one game meant a tie with Illinois for first place. With this in mind the team traveled to Madison to play Wisconsin on March 10. Wisconsin proved the barrier, however. Fighting with an intensity and bitterness that actually drove Minnesota off their feet, Wisconsin managed to squeeze out a 16 to 13 victory. At times the Badger guards hurled themselves through the air to stop Minnesota counters. It is a difficult task to overcome such spirit. It was in the latter part of this game that Stadsvold finished his basketball career as a Minnesota player. Colliding with Carlson, a Wisconsin guard, he received two broken ribs, an injury which forced him to retire. The best that remained now was a tie for the premier honors and that Minnesota attained by defeating Northwestern on the Monday night following the Wisconsin game by a score of 30 to 20. Partridge played in place of Stadsvold that night and acquitted himself in a very pleasing and able manner. Thus ended a successful basketball season. Much credit for the success of the season must be given Doctor Cooke for the superb manner in which he handled the material at his disposal. He worked up a baffling and puzzling attack that bewildered every team that met the Gophers. The spirit of Captain Douglass was one of the mainstays in the attack perfected. Besides showing considerable skill at guarding, he developed into one of the most successful foul basket shooters in the Conference. Wyman proved a distinct asset at the other guard. He received Conference wide recognition as one of the surest and most powerful guards in the west. He not only held all of his opponents prac- tically scoreless, but he possessed an admirable trait of occasionally slipping down THE, GOPHE R the floor and plunging his way through to a basket. Kingsley at center performed in a very creditable manner. His extreme height enabled him to get the tipoff consistently, and it also gave him a distinct advantage under the basket. To Rondy Gillen at forward goes the honor of being not only the best shot on the team, but the best shot in the Conference, for his name stood first in the list of basket shooters of the Conference. Besides this, however, he showed an uncanny instinct to follow the ball, and he did follow it and at times guard in an excellent manner. He was probably the best all around man on the team. To Francis Stadsvold, however, goes the honor of being the greatest and most brilliant performer on the quint. His work was hampered somewhat by an injured shoulder received early in the season in an interfraternity game, but despite this fact he dribbled in such a shifty manner and covered the floor in such a brilliant style that he was a constant thorn in the side of the opponents. He had the reputation of being the most consistent and hardest fighter on the team. He was a constant inspiration, and he not only won the respect and admiration of all of his teammates, but also of his opponents and all the spectators. He will go down in basketball history as probably the greatest player that ever represented the institution on the basketball floor. Besides these five, however, Minnesota had some very able substitutes, and too much credit cannot be given them for their share in the success of the season. Partridge, in particular, is deserving of much praise. Besides him there were Timberlake, Ken- nedy, Ostby, Oswald, and Kuhrmeyer. To make the review complete. Manager Perry Dean must be mentioned. He added much to the pleasure of the season, and is deserving of much praise. In the first place, he contracted for the construction of circus seats on three sides of the gymnasium floor, thereby accommodating larger crowds and assuring those that did come an opportunity of witnessing the game without detracting from the right of the persons behind. Also, he hit upon the happy idea of arranging for the playing of preliminary games between minor teams of the University, thereby affording the spectators diversion until the Varsity teams arrived on the floor for the main contest. It is so seldom that one sees a manager who strives to give the public more than they really have coming, that when one who does so comes around, you just naturally have to sit up and take notice. Basketball has at last become an established sport at Minnesota, and there is no reason why it should not be. It is clean and healthy and affords excitement enough to charm even the most exacting sport enthusiast. Let us hope, although there is not even the slightest indication of anything to the contrary, that the sport will continue in the good graces of followers of clean sport, or better, rise still higher to an even more prominent place than it now holds. THB GOPHE R INTRAHURA SPORTS OMMITT ■ vyr - T r-T INTRAMURAL SPORTS COMMITTEE Prof. O. S. Zelner, Chairman Dr. L. J. Cooke Prof. E. P. Harding Prof. J. C. Litzenberg Dr. J. Anna Norris Prof. W. L. Oswald Prof. James Paige THE GOPHER INTRAMURAL FOOTBALL THE Engineers, playing football that would be creditable to any University team, went through the intramural season without being scored upon. Their only game of importance was with the Laws. With Turnquist, a 1915 " M " man, as a pivot, they built up a team that had wonderful defensive power, the line being so strong that it was almost impossible for the opponents to make consistent gains. The backfield, being of men of less experience, played a good consistent game, and made plenty of ground to effect a victory in every contest. The Laws, losing both Mayer and Townley to the Varsity, relied entirely upon the strength of their backfield to win their games. Wbite, Costello, and Holdhusen showed up well considering the strength of the Engineers ' line. Although the Engineers won the championship most handily, the interest of the intramural season seemed centered upon the contests between the Laws and the Aggies. The two games played between these teams both ended in a to score. The games were especially marked by rough playing and spectacular runs. Hawkin- son played a good game for the Aggies, while Holdhusen and White were the most conspicuous Laws. THE GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ C THE RUNNERS-UP Constitutionality, Intellectuality, Rush those dubs by sheer mentality, Cooke, Blackstone, Paige, Rah! Precedent, authority. Eat them up, Dougherty! THE 1916 CHAMPIONS THE GOPHE R ALL-UNIVERSITY TRACK MEET SIXTY-THREE men entered the All-University track meet last spring and fur- nished the sport enthusiast some of the liveliest and keenest competition ever witnessed on the campus. The meet was exceedingly hard fought and not until the last event was the winner sure. The Academics scored the victory, however, closely followed by the Engineers and Aggies. Ballentine, for the Law School, and Fred Watson, for the Engineers, were the particular stars of the meet. Other men figuring in the scoring column were Frank Kelly, carried off first honors. Fisher took the lead at the very start of the race, and Moersch in the high jump; and Kleffman in the shot put. The athletic association awarded thirty medals to the winners of various places in the several events scheduled. L M m . S MiA " mHH B ' • D ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE R ■ ■ ■ C HOCKEY INTRAMURAL HOCKEY OF all branches of athletics participated in during the winter months, hockeyi seems to be the outstanding one. The various colleges all take a delight inj placing strong teams on the ice, and as a result many interesting games follow.: The rink, constructed by the University on Northrop Field, was the official ice for! these intramural contests. The Academic team, playing a rather mediocre game, duel to poor coaching, went down to defeat before the teams representing the Engineeraj and the Aggies. The Miners ' team was short-lived. Being defeated by the Engineers 3 to 0, they withdrew from competition. This left but two teams to fight it ou for the championship of the University — the Engineers, who have so far this year won every intramural athletic championship, and the Aggies, who have been suc-| cessful runners-up in all branches of athletics. It was one of those crisp, nipping, ear-tingling days when these teams finallyl opposed one another, the Aggies with their contingent of feminine rooters and thej Engineers with their deep-voiced, noisy gang. The game being close and fast,! excitement prevailed. Pecks of potatoes were wagered against home-made watcbl chains or cold-chisels, and it is said that the Engineers " lived happily ever after, " a they won by a 3 to 2 score. =!■■■■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ C WRESTLING A LIVELY interest was shown in wrestling as result of the holding of the Conference wrestling and gymnastic meet at the Armory last winter. Min- nesota followers of the sport were not disappointed in the showing made by the University team during the course of the meet. True, the team, as a whole, finished fifth, but the individual showings of certain members of the team more than repaid for the failure to finish higher up. Tim Madigan, captain of the team, who com- peted in the 135 pound class, showed such marked superiority over the entrants from the other universities, that the winning of first place in his division was ac- complished with almost negligible effort. Ferch, entrant in the 175-pound class, also made a remarkable showing, Developing within the short space of a month he succeeded in carrying off second honors in his division, a division embracing some of the most skillful and tricky wrestlers in the western colleges. The remainder of the team was composed of Buswell, Tanner, and Lindeman. Although not per- forming as brilliantly as Madigan or Ferch, they made very commendable showings. As yet it is too early to make predictions for the 1917 season, but Coach Foster, relying on the services of several veterans of last year and the promising ability of many new men, expects to carry the season through to a successful close. 443 D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER TENNIS STRANGE as it may seem, the tennis tournament of the fall of 1916 was con- ' eluded free from the misunderstandings and hindrances which have charac- terized almost every other tournament hitherto held at Minnesota. One material reason for the success is found in the untiring efforts of Mr. H. J. Kessel who devoted all of his energy to the affairs arising for adjustment. He is indeed to be commended for the spirit of his effort. As to the tournament itself, it was very interesting. The singles, after many exciting matches, narrowed down to E. B. Pierce and Wilford F. Widen. In the match following, Pierce, exerting all of the skill and power which have charac- terized his numerous victories, finally forced Widen to defeat, and was declared., champion for the season. Pierce also figured in the double championship. He, with Poucher, succeeded in | gaining victory over Hauser and Carlson, the runners-up. The interest manifested in the tournament showed that tennis as a sport is already firmly established among the student body and the faculty of the University, and , that it tends to become more and more popular as the seasons progress. HAUSER POUCHER 3 ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER For iCs top, scaff, slice and pull — Slice, top, awa. Jerkin yer airms, lift oop yer heid. An luke — na at the baa. Wr the comon ' o ' spring, the gude Scotch laddies are burnishin ' their weapons for a fling at the green. A team o ' five braw goufers has been selected to uphold the honor o ' the auld school agen aa the various clubs o ' the Tween Cities on the tee an ' green and the fairway, an ' on every Sa ' urday the more skillfoo wi ' the putter an ' neeblic will do battle wi ' the stars of ither firmaments for the glory o ' Meenesota. Aa laddies proficient in the use o ' aik and airn air kindly requestit to divulge their names tae oor gude freen George Northrop wha will see them entered in aa the match plays agan that pawky player, auld Bogey — auld Nick some folk caa him — or amang the ither Billies o ' the school. The Heilan ' Gentlemen amang the students, hae an ' do hereby issue challenge to the beld an ' common Lowlan ' budies o ' the faculty for match play to se ' le ance for aa the goufin ' supreemacy o ' the University. Come ane — come aa an skelp the baa, Ye ' ll get a Hielan welcome. After disposin ' o ' the beld birkies o ' the faculty, the student goufers will turn agen themsel ' in a handicap competition in which aa will be gaen mair than they aucht tae hae. Then, gin the great God Dubb willin ' , a champeenship play will be held an ' aa merry laddies will cast aff fash an ' teen an tak ' t ' the blae an ' burn. Those wha buff the baa asklent will enter the consolation. Prizes will be gaen to aa. DIB ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C HANDBALL By Frank A. R. Mayer HANDBALL is one of the most popular sports at the University of Minnesota. The courts in the Armory are not only always full and crowded, but other players seeking a chance to exercise and enjoy themselves are constantly standing on the sidelines, awaiting the opportunity to seize a court as soon as some satisfied players leave a vacancy. And this crowded condition, instead of sapping the interest in the sport, seems to have the opposite effect. The veterans of the game are constantly enlisting new recruits, and day by day the congestion increases, until at the present time, in view of the opportunity offered by facilities at hand, the game becomes almost an impossibility, unless one is fortunate enough to arrive at a moment early enough to be afforded the first chance at the courts. Of course, under present conditions, this state of affairs is irremediable. Added facilities are necessary to meet the added demand, and added facilities are impossible in the old Armory. Congestion must continue, and pleasure-seeking players must continue to content themselves with watching games in progress until a new gym- nasium is built. That is the only remedy — that is, of course, if the new gymnasium, when built, contains handball courts (not cracker boxes) in sufficient number to satisfy the demands and needs of the numerous persons on the campus who are interested and super-interested in the popular game. Although interest in the game is widespread, and the courts are constantly in use, the general playing of the multitude is quite mediocre in its class. This is to be expected, however, for the large majority of the players partake in the game merely for the pleasure and exercise to be derived therefrom, and not with the intention of becoming expertly proficient in the science of the game. Having satisfied their craving for exercise, they leave the courts, and do not continue to practise with the desire of becoming " stars. " At this date Gildman, Tallmadge, Abramson, Hutchinson, and Kahner still remain in the fight for championship honors. Gildman smashed his way into the semi-finals by defeating Swan and Hough. Tallmadge, who is now the favorite for the championship, won his right to play Gildman in the semi-finals by winning from Sachs and then again from Juster. Abramson, last year ' s champion, defeated Joselowitz and Smith. Hutchinson and Kahner must play to decide who is to meet Abramson in the semi-finals. Judging from the matches already played, it seems as if Abramson and Tallmadge will meet to decide who will wear the laurels for this year. Tallmadge is conceded a slight edge over Abramson, but in order to win he will have to exsrt himself to the extreme, for Abramson is a tricky player as well as a powerful one. This is evidenced by his successful competition in numerous exceptionally classy and difficult tournaments. THE GOPHE-R THE UNIVERSITY SWIMMING TEAM Fred Gaumnitz, Captain WITH the opening of the swimming season this year about forty men tried out for places on the team. Upon Coach Foster fell the difficult task of selecting and developing dash men to fill the vacancies left when the fast men of last year did not return to school. Among the new men were some good plungers, too. Ferrell, a new man, has the honor of being the first University man to plunge the length of the pool, with Dan Bessesen and Sherman close behind him. Another new man is Madsen, who swam the breast stroke and back stroke on the Illinois swimming team. The dashes were taken care of by Gibbs, Day, Ritten- house, Huey, Smith, Werdenhoff, Johnson, Al Bessesen, and Bateman. Madsen and Gaumnitz swam the breast stroke, while Madsen and Stiles carried off back stroke honors. The distances were well taken care of by Daniels, Silsby, Dan Bessesen, Gibbs, and Gaumnitz. The first meet of the season was with the St. Paul Y. M. C. A. The University team lost the meet, but not without a hard fight. There were some good events witnessed. Most notable were the plunge for distance won by Ferrell and the 400 yard swim won by Gaumnitz. The next meet was with the M. A. C. The University team was handicapped by the loss of their captain and lost the meet by a close score. In the second meet with the St. Paul Y. M. C. A. the " U " team was again defeated by only a few points, the relay race deciding the winners. Gibbs starred for the " U " team. ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ 447 THE GOPHER GYMNASTICS AT MINNESOTA THE all-around gymnastic championship for 1916 in intercollegiate competition was awarded to Ernest Carlson, captain of the Minnesota team. The team, com- posed of Carlson who entered all-around, Hillman who entered all-around, Ericson who entered club swinging, horizontal bar and side-horse, Schulman who entered rings and tumbling, and Oman who entered parallel bars, finished in fourth place. The annual championship contest of the Western Intercollegiate Gymnastic, Wrestling, and Fencing Association, composed of the universities of the Western Conference, was held at Minnesota. This is the first time since 1910 that the " big " meet has been held here. Minnesota ' s squad was weakened by the loss of several good men through scholastic difficulties. The team was picked from the best men who entered the local meet from the " U. " In this local meet, that is, the annual contest of the Northwestern Gymnastic Society, which is composed of the different gymnastic organizations of Minnesota, the University entered about thirty men altogether. Competition in the contest is in three different classes, " A, " " B, " and " C. " Minnesota won the class " A " and " B " team championships, and Captain Carlson won the class " A " individual cham- pionship. D ■ ■ ■ ■ [ THE GOPHER SOCCER THE Minnesota Soccer Team, captained by W. P. Pan, played wonderfully con- sistent ball throughout the season. The games with St. Olaf showed that the team was unevenly balanced, that the back field was too weak to guard our goals successfully, causing the forwards to drop back to their assistance, thus losing the effect of the offensive work. Pan at center forward, Kwong at halfback, and Backer at fullback caused the most trouble to our opponents. These men were responsible for the brilliant offensive work against Grinnell and St. Thomas. Minnesota ' s only defeat was by St. Olaf. The game, being played on a wet, soggy field, was one of endurance rather than of brilliancy in team work. The field slowed our forwards to such an extent that they were constantly being smothered by the St. Olaf backs. The final score, after ninety minutes of hard play, was 2 to 1 in their favor. W. P. Pan, captain; Bussard, captain-elect; Wong, Lambert, Hofi " , Styles, Kwong, Merkert, Backer, and Mulligan. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE R INTRAMURAL BASEBALL THE 1916 baseball season was not exceptionally successful — the athletic ability seemed indisposed in asserting itself — possibly due to the coming exams. The Medics began well, but their enthusiasm died out after being defeated by the Laws. The Engineers, however, stepped out the last minute and downed the Laws — who had heretofore considered themselves champions. Brown ' s pitching was the cause of the Lawyers ' downfall. This baseball championship in the spring seems to have been the starting point for a most successful intramural season for the En- gineers. O. BASEBALL TEAM, WHICH AFTER MANY ATTEMPTS FINALLY WON THE CHAMPIONSHIP FOR 1915 BY DEFEATING PHI PSI, MEMORIAL DAY, 1916 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER - V- INTERFRATERNITY BASKETBALL, SEASON 1916-1917 INTEREST in interfraternity basketball was, without a doubt, keener in the season of 1916-1917 than ever before. An accident to one of the v arsity men early in the season caused a rule barring all varsity men from participating in inter- fraternity games. This ruling affected the Alpha Taus, the Sigma Chis, the Dekes, and the Phi Psis. After the usual number of postponements and delays the semi-finals were reached with the Phi Psis, the Sigma Chis, the Phi Kappa Sigmas, and the Alpha Taus still in the running. The A. T. O.-Phi Psi game was a particularly hard fought game. The superior driving power of the A. T. 0. team gave them the victory in spite of the work of Gillen and Boyle. There was no blood shed in this game. The final game between the Phi Kappa Sigmas and the Alpha Tau teams re- sembled a football game. Hauser, Hansen and Arntsen played on one team and Townley, the two Lawlers, McKenna, and Walker on the other. The close guarding of the Alpha Taus coupled with the basket shooting of Bee Lawler won the game. The winners received a large cup which will remain in their permanent possession. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ 3 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R m c INTERFRATERNITY BASEBALL, SEASON 1916 DUE to the graciousness of nature in furnishing a comparatively dry spring, the fraternities were able to complete the 1916 baseball season before the end of the college year. Several close and exciting games were played in the various sections before it was decided that the Delta Tau Delta, A. T. 0., Delta Chi, and Phi Sigma Kappa teams were to fight out the championship. The A. T. 0. team found the Delta Chi nine off form and easily won their way to the final round, while the Phi Sigs nosed out the Delts 2 to 1 in a well played game in the other bracket. The final game was close and exciting from the first to the last inning. There was a big gallery watching the game, cheering both errors and stellar plays. The Phi Sigs came out on the long end of a 4 to 2 score. Their line-up throughout the season was as follows: C, Baston; P., Young; 1st B., Pond; 2nd B., Earl Fuller; Ss., Gale; 3rd B., Davis; L. F., Chisholm; C. F., Floyd Fuller; R. F., Bayard. ■ ■ ■ d D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER INTER- FRATERPKTY J BOWLING -iP THE 1916 SEASON THE Sigma Chi team won the 1916 interfraternity tournament. The second and third places were held by the Delta Tau Deltas and the Sigma Nus. The tournament displayed some very good bowling along with some which was not so good. The Sigma Chis had a percentag e of over 850. The high individual average was held by Emery of the Sigma Chis. His average for the season was 180. Sinclair bowled the highest score of the season, knocking down 259 pins one evening when he felt particularly ferocious. The Court Chamber Alleys, where the matches were played, presented the winning team with a large loving cup now in the permanent possession of the Sigma Chi fraternity. THE 1917 SEASON UP to the present time, three teams are still in the race for the 1917 cup, and if the war does not take too many men away from the campus, the Chi Psis, the Phi Gams, and the Sigma Chis will fight out the remaining schedule. This year the league was divided into four sections. Another innovation was that all games were counted for the cup. That is, a win by three games was better in the final count one by two games. The Chi Psis have already disposed of their opponents and are waiting for the winners of the other semi-finals to be played between the Phi Gams and the Sigma Chis. =1 ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R HOCKEY INTERFRATERNITY HOCKEY ALTHOUGH starting the season under adverse conditions, it can safely be said that it has been one of great success and interest. This is due primarily to the attitude taken by the fraternities and the great help given by the Athletic Association. The four divisions were fiercely contested, with the A. T. O. ' s, Theta Belts, Betas and Delta Taus winning in their respective divisions. In the semi-finals the Delta Taus took the A. T. O. ' s into camp by a 4 to 3 score, thereby keeping up their winning streak. This game upset all dope, as the A. T. O. ' s were conceded an easy win. We might add that it took five extra priods to decide this game. The Theta Delts easily disposed of the Betas in a onesided contest, coming out on top by a 2 to win. The Theta Delts and Delta Taus went into the finals both confident of winning. The first half resulted in no scores being made. During the final period the Delta Taus succeeded in bagging two goals, thereby cinching the championship for the season 1916-17. All final games were played at the Hippodrome Rink, owing to the poor con- dition of the ice on the " U " rink. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ — 13 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER ■ ■ B C SWIMMING RELAY INTERFRATERNITY SWIMMING SWIMMING as a sport at Minnesota is in an embryonic state, the interfraternity 160 yard relay being its fairly successful beginning. This relay, with its hand- some cups, is growing in popularity. This year seven teams entered the preliminaries. The four survivors were Delta Kappa Epsilon, Alpha Delta Phi, Beta Theta Pi, and Phi Gamma Delta. The finals took place early in December, and a large crowd of loyal supporters filled the floor-space of the room. By actual count there were eighty-seven specta- tors, yet the management was well pleased to net four dollars and twenty cents at ten cents per head. At last " Bill " Foster, the official starter and sponsor of all inter- fraternity athletics, got the teams lined up and started. The race went according to dope, the Dekes, with their championship team of last year, winning easily. The real interest of the meet centered about the Alpha Delts and Betas who fought des- perately for second place, the Betas winning by a narrow margin. The Deke team covered the distance in 1:36:1. This time being a little slower than their record of last year, but at that several seconds faster than the University Relay Team has done this year. The Dekes are now the permanent possessors of the two-vear cup put up last year. D ■ ■ ■ ■ C D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C TR ACK INTERFRATERNITY RELAY THE interfraternity relay race of last spring furnished more excitement than any other race since the institution was established about three or four years ago. A livelier interest was evidenced by the fact that more teams were entered than ever before and added to this was the fact that several of the teams were partially made up from stars of the varsity track team. This last also added to the keenness of the competition. The Phi Psis represented by R. Fisher, F. McNally, Chauncey Chase, and Frank Kelly, carried off first honors. Fisher took the lead at the very start of the race, and Kelly, the last runner, went into the homestretch with a substantial lead. Bal- lentine, however, running for the Sigma Chis, finished in magnificent style, and pushed Kelly to the very limit for first place. The Sigma Chis won second place and they were followed in the order named by the teams representing Alpha Delta Phi and Delta Tau Delta. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER PROFESSIONAL BASKETBALL INTEREST in fraternity basketball, usually centered around the games played under the schedule of the general fraternities, divided somewhat during the season of 1917 and bestowed some of its favor on the games played under a schedule arranged for the professional fraternities of the school. In fact, it was the first time the opportunity was presented, for it was the first time that the professional fraternities showed the spirit necessary for successful competition. The games progressed according to the schedule, but early in the season it became evident that the laurels must ultimately rest either with the team representing the Delta Theta Phi Law Fraternity or with the one representing the Phi Delta Chi Pharmacy Fraternity. Unfortunately, the schedule demanded that these two teams should meet before the finals, and in the very close game that resulted, the Pharma- cists were defeated. It took an extra period, however, to settle the tie in which the game ended. The only game remaining was the championship contest in which Delta Theta Phi disposed of the Alpha Kappa Sigma Engineering Fraternity ■ ■ ■ ■ I JtJ L- •JLJLtZJZZSK ' • » ' . ISL WOMEN ' S ACTIVITIES f DBB THE GOPHE-R WOMEN ' S SELF-GOVERNMENT By Margaret Sweeney, Dean of Women THE first impulse towards women ' s self- 1 government at Minnesota expressed itself in The Women ' s League and The Shevlin Committee. The former organi- | zation had for its chief purpose the man- agement of women ' s social activities, while the latter concerned itself ex- clusively with the care and conduct of Shevlin Hall. In the spring of 1913, The Women ' s Self-Government Association superseded both these organizations by com- bining the functions of each, and adding several new ones. It immediately organized the Advisor system for Freshmen women, created a committee for the conduct of women in buildings other than Shevlin Hall, and established the House Council. The work of the House Council has been slow, but steady. It has sought to promote wholesome living conditions in Sanford Hall, sorority houses, co-operative and lodging houses through the adoption of more rational hours for study, for social engagements, and for the receiving of callers. The work of the Association, however, has not been confined to the formulation and the administering of rules. From the beginning it has aimed to create a finer social democracy among the women by developing a spirit of good fellowship through simple, but dignified entertainment, by increasing sensitiveness and respon- sibility in questions of taste and conduct, and by quickening interest in those larger aspects of educational work to which no University woman can safely remain in- different. Various calls for relief work both within and without the University have met with prompt and intelligent response, and the success of the Vocational Con- | ference conducted under the auspices of the Association, was due largely to its efforts. There can be little doubt that The Women ' s Self-Government Association during its four years of service has been one of the most active influnces in awaken- ing University women to their social responsibilities and opportunities. D ■ ■ ■ ■ 4«0 THE GOPHER THE WOMEN ' S ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION " IHE Women ' s Athletic Association has existed since the spring of 1909, when it was organized by an enthusiastic group of girls among whom were Marjorie Sim- mons and Elsa Ueland. Its first president was Lynnfred McMahon. In 1913, it pub- lished a new constitution and definitely affiliated itself with the Department of Physical Education for Women. In growth and development during its short life the Association has been notable. It has now a membership of 386 girls. Its financial resources depend on its modest annual fee of twenty-five cents, the proceeds from the annual championship basketball game (the final game in the tournament), and the penny carnival, a recent feature which has proved rich in fun and profit. The interests of the Association, which at first were centered in basketball and tennis have widened until they include most of the sports which women enjoy, field hockey, cricket, ice hockey, swimming and baseball. Besides these individual or team contests, the value of and enjoyment of cross country hiking is emphasized by giving points for five-mile walks; class work in aesthetic dancing and advanced gymnastics also wins points. All these activities are contributory to its expressed purpose of promoting effort for health, physical efficiency and athletic accomplishment among college women. Its highest emblem, the Athletic Seal, stands among other things for an all-around interest in wholesome living, with emphasis laid on habits that are in conformity with the laws of hygiene, and with requirements as to participation in physical exercise. As might be expected in an organization that encourages and enjoys outdoor life, it is permeated by a spirit of good fellowship, helpfulness and fairness. Among the factors which have helped markedly in the development of the Association are the " point system " and the adoption of the " heads-of-sports. " A head-of-sport is appointed for each activity, and it becomes her duty to arouse in- terest among the girls in that activity, to arrange for contests in it, and to keep count of the points won in it by various girls. In the " point system " all recognized activities have a certain value in points, and when a girl has won a certain number of points she becomes a candidate for the Athletic Seal. During her progress toward the Seal she wins an arm band D ■ ■ ■ ■ TH GOPHLR which is decorated with emblems from time to time showing the activities in which she had gained her points. The Athletic Seal stands for more than physical accomplishment and more than an interest in health. To win it, a girl must show good sportsmanship, loyalty and willing co-operation. The Association holds its Seal in high honor, and scans with great care the records of all applicants for it. In the new gymnasium, the Association has a room of its own, the W. A. A. board room, where its executive meetings are held and its archives kept. The trophy room, off the lobby of the gymnasium, is also devoted to its interest. The presidents during its history have been: 1909-10 Lynnfred McMahon 1910-11 Laura Paddock 1911-12 Winifred Tunell 1912-13 Helen Gates 1913-14 Gertrude Moore 1914-15 Alma Haupt 1915-16 Jean McGilvra 1916-17 Dorothy Waterman D ■ ■ 4«2 THE GOPHE-R WOMENS ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION W. A. A. BOARD Dr. J. Anna Norris Dean Margaret Sweeney Dr. Anna Phelan Dorothy Waterman Carolyn Wallace Winifred Bailey Mildred Lammers Lucy Gibes Alice Gall Esther Thurber Dorothy McGraw Erma Forbes Ex-Officio Ex-Officio Faculty Representative President Vice-president I Treasurer ' Secretary Senior Representative Junior Representative Sophomore Representative Freshman Representative Representative to W. S. G. A. Home Economics Representative GIBBS gall WALLACE LAMMERS .NORRIS BAILEY WATERMAN LADD McGRAW KISSOCK THURBER 463 ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHCR BASKET BALL Who do? We do! We do hoodoo. We do hoodoo the Sophomore team! THIS inspiring yell was the one which led the Junior basketball team through to victory in the 1916 season. The attractiveness of the new gymnasium brought girls by the score out to practice, so that there was abundant material from which to choose teams. The Seniors, however, were so busy trying to graduate, | that they could not gather together an entire team, and were forced to drop out. The Freshmen suffered defeat at the hands of both Sophomores and Juniors, so the two upper classes fought for the championship in the final tournament. The teams were quite evenly matched and the game was fast and close. The Juniors proved to be the stronger, however, and won the championship by a 16 to 14 score. A preliminary game was played the night of the tournament by the teams of Alpha Xi Delta and Kappa Alpha Theta. Alpha Xi Delta won the Sorority championship by defeating the Kappa Alpha Theta team 15 to 13. THL GOPHER TENNIS - 1 mi n n T ( - 1 nn I 1 -1 1 T T 1 T n n-iT - -v WOMEN ' S TENNIS Two engineers, in the spring of 1916, strolling over to the post office after class, saw a number of people standing about one of the tennis courts. " Wonder what ' s up, " said one. " Hey, Dick! " he hailed a friend. " What ' s all the excitement? " " Girls ' tennis finals. Stick around and have a look. " " Nothing doing! If you want to watch the co-eds dodge balls, all right. It sounds about as exciting as a pink tea to me. " " Say, you don ' t know a thing. Now, they ' re playing — Look at that — and that! " " Whew, that ' s smashing ' em, all right. Where ' d she get it? I never saw a girl play like that before. " It was Dorothy McGraw winning the tennis finals as usual, this time from Winifred Bailey. The tournament was late in being played off, because of contests postponed on account of the spring rains. Many girls signed up for the tournament in the fall of 1916, and the games were played with unusual dispatch and enthusiasm. Dorothy McGraw again dis- played her prowess and carried off the championship by winning two sets from Dorothy Kueffner in the finals. f the: gopher FIE LD HOCKEY " Hockey, Hockey, Hockey, Hockey, Where ' s that Hockey Ball? " NOT over the river bank this year. The teams were much too well trained for that in this second season of field hockey. They have grown from two en- thusiastic but scrubby teams to four regular class teams, each with a good supply of " subs. " Also, they played off a whole tournament in the fall without the necessity of shoveling the snow off the field. On November 23, the Seniors won from the Juniors 5 to 0. The next day the Sophomores defeated the Freshmen 4 to 2. In the final game, November 25, the Sophomores fought valiantly, but could not hold the fast Seniors who were victorious by a score of 5 to 0. The Seniors were rewarded for their skill by becoming the possessors of the new bronze and silver loving cup offered this year, and much coveted by the competing teams. f J ■ ■ ■ i D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER THE FRESHMAN TEAM ICE HOCKEY BUT girls can ' t play hockey, " protested everyone when they heard that the girls at Minnesota intended to indulge in this strenuous sport. Just to prove that they could, and could do it well, the girls organized four strong class teams, with " subs " for each one. They didn ' t need to learn how to skate, for they were already experts, so they devoted arduous hours of practice under skilled coaches to developing teamwork. This resulted in a tournament of fast games which called forth an unusual amount of interest, and convinced people that girls really could play hockey. The first game was between the Freshmen and the Juniors, and the newly entered girls succeeded in winning from the upper classmen 5 — 0. The Sophomores lived up to their reputation as a fast team by defeating the Se- niors 2 — 0. On Ferbruary 27 the Sophomores and Freshmen fought for the class championship. Both teams displayed remarkable teamwork and the Sophomores only succeeded in carrying off the title by the narrow margin of 1 — 0. ■ms,-, " v.., : 3 m THE GOPHER THE FIELD MEET LAST year the members of the Woman ' s Gymnasium classes held a field meet on the river flats back of the University Hospital. The meet was well attended, and as the program was varied, everybody, even the spectators, had a chance to shine. The first event on the program was a thrilling baseball game, between the best team from the Home Economics Department and the cream of the players from the main campus. We know it was a good game, partly because we saw it, and partly because Prexy said it was. The final score was 15 — 11 in favor of the academics. A cricket match between Miss Kissock ' s intermediate class and Miss Ladd ' s advanced class was won by the advanced class, but there was excellent bowling on both sides. This was followed by a game of Newcomb, played by the A-B and the C-D gymnasium classes and won by the A-B by a score of 32 — 16. The trophies were awarded by no less a person than President Vincent himself. Priscilla Hough, Nell Garrot, Esther Johnson, Lucile Saxton, Ethel Hoskins, and Emma Waterman, D ■ ■ - " THL GOPHE,R received Athletic Seals; Dorothy McGraw received the pin for tennis, and various others were awarded arm bands. The awarding and receiving of prizes is a trying business, and when it was over, the whole party had supper. Weiners were furnished; ice cream cones and pop could be bought from venders, and the rest of the lunch was brought by the performers and spectators. It was in this part of the program that many people who had been quite eclipsed during the earlier part of the day, at last found a chance to shine. It was too bad that no prizes were offered for appetites, because there were some prodigious ones present. After the feast, those who were unathletic, poor spectators, and small eaters, received a last chance to shine in a three legged race, a potatoe race and a sack race. By this time it was almost dark and the crowd went home thoroughly satisfied and determined to have another meet as soon as possible. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE,R ■ ■ ■ C THE PENNY CARNIVAL WE heard a great deal about the W. A. A. Penny Carnival before it took place, but owing to the high cost of living and to previous experiences in trying to get something for next to nothing, we didn ' t think it would be much of a show. We went, however, because it seemed to be the thing to do. In some booths were dancing dwarfs with large feet, hunched backs and enormous heads. In another were dancers whose heads were turned the wrong way (or maybe it was their feet that were twisted). In a third, by the gruesome light of alcohol and to the accompaniment of blood curdling shrieks and moans, we saw the bodiless heads of Blue Beard ' s many spouses, hanging by the hair and dripping blood upon heaps of mouldering bones. It was most exciting, especially when someone accidently spilled the burning alcohol on the floor. Lest they be accused of taking no interest in undergraduate affairs, some of the faculty members loaned their mustaches to one of the organizations, in order that it might use them in a guessing contest. In more than one booth there were fortune tellers of various sorts, who for a penny would give anybody — even an instructor — glimpses into the past, present or future. Nor were all the entertainments confined to the booths. Witty and persuasive barkers vied with each other in proclaiming the merits of their various shows and vendors of candy and ice cream added to the general fun. After last year ' s experience, nobody even thought of studying on the evening of the second W. A. A. Carnival. So great was the enthusiasm that there was some thought of detailing officers to handle the crowds. But though they came with great expectations, none of them were disappointed. The show was, if possible, better than that of the previous year. The booths ranged all the way from one " for men only " which almost caused a stampede, and which contained — don ' t breathe it to a soul — a pair of suspenders, to a miniature armory where one could work on his partner ' s feet for a penny a dance. — T r Took along rnE.iK F£,r CAT rHE roiiTun ©3 i 3 m THE GOPHER ■ lIAt Although there were no fortune tellers there were dancing donkeys, living pictures, and even a place where one could have photographs of his friends taken by wireless. All he had to do was to think of his friend, and, presto, he received a finished picture of the absent one. Even Miller ' s couldn ' t beat that for speed. The likenesses were not always perfect, but even if one after thinking of a brawny youth, received a picture of a sweet young thing with curls, he had to admit that it was prettier than the original — and who would not prefer beauty to truth any day? The members of one organization gave a penny vaudeville of three acts, for which they had imported a famous Russian dancer, a world renowned scrub woman ' s chorus, and some clowns. Another organization had secured the service of Annette Kellermann, but, as she was always resting when the spectators were admitted, nobody was able to give a very graphic account of her performance. The entire game room was reserved for a basketball game between the W. A. A. Board and the 1776 Varsity Team. It was a very real game, although some of the players looked as though they had escaped from a side-show. A hunch backed forward in motley attire did excellent work until she was injured, after which she was so impeded by her crutch that most of the playing was done by her fuzzy haired partner. The guards at the opposite end of the field were a woman dressed in white and wearing a mortor board cap, and a South Sea native who celebrated good plays by turning hand springs. Although the game was hotly contested, the W. A. A. Board, true to its reputa- tion for prowess in athletics, won by a score of 16 — 6. After the game was over and the ice cream and candy were all gone, we thought that we would go too, but the door-keeper said it would cost us a penny to get out. As we didn ' t have any penny and were too dignified to sweep one up from the floor, we had to find a hole and crawl out. SANTOT P in cle NLiness- u ■ THE GOPHER GYMNASIUM ON April 7, 1916, the Fourth Annual Women ' s Gymnastic Contest was staged in the new building. Each instructor after months of arduous drilling picked her own best Freshman class which was to compete not only against the best class of the other instructor, but also against the intermediate and advanced classes. Of course, each class was graded by the judges according to the degree of perfec- tion attained and not on the difficulty of the exercises. On the night of the big affair, the girls were prepared to do their very best and even those among the large audience who were most ignorant of gymnastics could not help but appreciate the splendid form with which every movement was executed. The advanced class, under Miss Ladd, carried off the honors. This class was awarded the gymnastic banner. An especially noticeable feature was the accuracy and precision displayed in apparatus. In the forward circle over the boom, Ann Pederson, of the advanced class, and Winifred Bailey of the intermediate, were both awarded 100% ' by all the officiating judges. Winifred Bailey, Ruby Weedell, and Roberta Hosteller, all of the intermediate class, were particularly successful in the high jump. Nell Garrett and Ann Pederson of the advanced class were given perfect marks in saddle vaulting. Of the two Freshman classes. Miss Kissock ' s C-D section of restricted gymnastics ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE R won over Miss Ladd ' s A-B section. This meant one point toward the coveted athletic seal for every girl in the winning class. The contest ended with exhibition dances given by the beginning, intermediate and advanced aesthetic dancing classes. The advanced class in the costume of the Roman Vestal Virgins, presented a Pompeian Flower Girl dance, and were awarded the silver plaque. The excellent form displayed by the girls showed that the opportunities offered by the new gymnasium had not been neglected. ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ r 1 I THE, GOPHER The Min n esota Daily Entered as second-class matter, October 21. 1915. at the post office at Minneapolis, Minnesota, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Published every morning except Sunday and Monday by the Minnesota Daily Association at the Brown Phelps Company. Edison Bldg., Minneapolis. Office: Room 4, Folweli Hall Genevieve Bernhardt Managing Editor LuciLE Daucherty Business Manager BUSINESS STAFF Kathleen O ' Brien Advertising Saleswoman Monica LangtRy Advertising Saleswoman DEPARTMENTAL EDITORS Brilli Hintermister Agricultural Editor Mae Coy Athletic Editor Esther Hense Society Editor Mary Moriarty Ass ' t Society Editor Monica Langtry Exchange Editor Phana Wernicke Ass ' t Exchange Editor Mrs. I. Spy Campus Flashlight Myrtle Bacon Alma Boehme Kathleen O ' Brien Eunice Smith Eva Andrews REPORTERS Elizabeth Lynskey Mae Coy Dorothy Dalton Margaret Labovitz Katharine Birch Dorothy Irish Ada Richards Gladys Ryan Jessila Becker This Issue Edited by Genevieve Bernhardt Assisted by Lucile Daugherty Esther Hense 1917 FEMINIST EDITION THE Feminist Edition of the Daily was this year no experiment. Under the able leadership of Flora MacDonald the Feminist Edition of the 1916 Daily was .produced. Coming but once a year this edition serves to call the attention of the University to the important parts taken in our student publications by the women of the University. A majority of the reporters on the Daily were women this year. On the Minnehaha and the " Mag " women did considerable work. The Gopher was lucky enough to have ten girls on the staff. Recognizing the growth of journalistic endeavor on the part of our girls a chapter of Theta Sigma Phi was installed at Minnesota this spring. Through the aid of this organization it is expected that the efforts of the girls will count for even more than they have heretofore. ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHE R ■ C JlC The v oces tionz l Confcrcac? :i V-f THE VOCATIONAL CONFERENCE THE annual vocational conference of the W. S. G. A. was held this year March 3 and 4. Professions of special interest to women were presented by special- ? ists who had won distinction in their various fields. No longer will the women of .Minnesota pursue an aimless existence if these conferences accomplish their aims. Nor is it necessary that the girls of today limit the fields of their endeavor to ? teaching. These conferences bring before the girls the opportunities open to the college woman. THL GOPHER WINNERS OF THE SEAL a. WINNERS OF THE SEAL MEMBERS Natalia Grimm Emma Waterman Ethel Hoskins Vivian Groves Esther Johnson Priscilla Hough Nellie Garrett Lucille Saxton Incerd Nissen Dorothy McGraw Carolyn Wallace Activities SPECIAL OCCASIONS THE GOPHER JVNIOR BALL JUNIOR BALL OFFICERS Frank A. R. Mayer President Erlinc S. Platou Vice-president Roland C. Schmid Secretarj- Paul Dunnavan Treasurer FRANK MAYER ROSA BRIGGS ■ ■ ■ d D ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER UU.NNAVAN JUNIOR BALL ASSOCIATION GENERAL ARRANGEMENTS J. MacVeigh Regan John Scriven Kenneth Dickinson PROGRAM Edgar Kleffman Milo Flaten Gordon Hvde MUSIC Clarence Roedell John H. Farley John Locke REFRESHMENTS A. Kittredge Bailey Chester Dahle Fred Strong Clare Long Joy Nellermoe John Boyle George Hauser Earl Paulson Fredo Ossanna INVITATION Arnold Wyman Guy E. Ingersoll Robert Olson AUDITING Arnold Hawkinson Irving Frisch PRESS John Dahlquist Willis Lawson FINANCE John Sysen Vern Williams Edward Brunsdale Wesley Wachtler Harry Fortune FLOOR Louis Hauser Harold Center Conrad Ekhlund PRINTING George Bierman Phillip Stillwell Ray Amberg PUBLICITY James Markham Dale McAlpine Herbert Miller Albert Snell ENTERTAINMENT Harry Scholtes Felix Moses . Herbert Bolsta Lewis Shepley George Eraser Roy B. Nelson DECORATIONS Arnold Raugland Carl Swendsen TICKETS John Culligan Willard Dohr =!■■■■ D ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ILITARY BAL MILITARY BALL The Forty- ft jth Annual. Military Ball of the University oj Minnesota Corps oj Cadets PATRONS AND PATRONESSES President and Mrs. George E. Vincent Major and Mrs. George W. Moses Captain and Mrs. Theodore B. Taylor Captain and Mrs. James B. Woolnouch Lieutenant and Mrs. Owen R. Meredith Captain and Mrs. Walter F. Rhinow Mr. Charles E. Bell Mr. and Mrs. E. Earle Bell THE MILITARY BALL COMMITTEE Colonel Theodore L. Sogard Major Gunther Orsinger Major Victor A. Dash Captain Philip D. Tryon Captain Arthur B. Poole Captain Herbert L. Montgomery Lieu tenant Roland R. Blessley Lieutenant Mark Alexander Lieutenant Sam W. Robertson Lieutenant William A. Smith THEODORE L. SOGARD HELEN BELL f =!■■■■ THE GOPHER ■ C CAP AND GOWN DAY, 1916 By Dorothy Heinemann. THE Armory was crowded to capacity with excited underclassmen. It was the thirteenth of April, Cap and Gown Day. Five hundred seniors in solemn array, after their majestic parade across the campus, endeavored to appear calm and collected as they marched slowly down the aisles. A burst of applause greeted them when they had sung their commencement pledge, bidding farewell to " Campus Halls and Campus Friends. " After Dr. H. P. Dewey had asked invocation, Mr. Charles Fuller, president of the All-Senior-Class, presented his classmates to the acting president, Dean W. F. Woods, with a plea that the class of 1916 render its support to the Alumni Association of Minnesota. Then came the announcement of the newly-elected members of Phi Beta Kappa, honorary academic fraternity, of Tau Beta Pi, honorary engineering fraternity, of Alpha Omega Alpha, the medical society, of Delta Sigma Rho, honorary debating society, and of Lambda Alpha Psi, honorary language fraternity. With one accord all rose and sang " Minnesota, Hail to Thee. " Cap and Gown Day exercises were at an end. ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER alCOMMENCEMENT, 1916 COMMENCEMENT By Dorothy Heinemann. AN inspiring sermon by the late Right Reverend Samuel Cook Edsall was a fitting opening for the 1916 commencement week. Surely all who heard him that day must mourn his premature death. Monday — Senior Class Day Exercises — that has a very familiar ring. Each succeeding class has had its exercises, paid its tribute to the buildings on the campus one by one, thrown its books and papers from the Washington Avenue bridge into the waters of the Mississippi, and finally has planted its ivy close to one of the buildings. But has any class enjoyed so thrilling a baseball game as the one staged on the Northrop Field by the Seniors of last year, when the girls of the class tied the men, 21 to 21? That was a never-to-be-forgotten game! The elated teams were royally feasted upon the campus knoll that evening. Tuesday was a day of grace during which the weary baseball players rested in preparation for Alumni Day. What a pleasure it was to see the reunions which took place upon that day! Every Senior thought of the time when he would come back to his Alma Mater to find his former classmates waiting there for him. In the afternoon Prexy gave an address in which he told " Administration Confidences " to an eager group of alumni. This was followed by a reception and tea in the living room of the Minnesota Union. The annual alumni dinner preceded an exceptionally good vaudeville program given by the classes of 1876, 1891, and 1906 in the Little Theater. A cold drizzle greeted the Seniors on commencement day. Braving the storm. 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER they lined up, over seven hundred strong, and marched slowly to the Armory. Led by the entire faculty, each college passed across the parade ground and down through the two lines of cadets, on into the building. Here they found multitudes of admiring parents and friends. The Reverend Samuel McChord Crothers, of Cambridge, Massachusetts, delivered the commencement day address, " Present-day Humanism. " Then the Seniors filed up on the platform and one by one received the diplomas which stood for them as tokens of their success. The forty-eighth class had taken its place with the others in the ranks of the alumni of Minnesota. CONVOCATIONS DURING the course of the university year of 1916-1917, three convocations have thus far been held. The convocations in the Armory furnish the only oppor- tunities for the entire student body of Minnesota to get together, and at each of these gatherings during the past year the hall has been filled to overflowing. The opening convocation was held on Wednesday noon, September 27, 1916. Rabbi Rypins of St. Paul led the prayer, after which President Vincent made an- nouncements to the freshmen and older students. The roll of the colleges was called, the dean and students of each college responding by rising. President Vincent then delivered one of his strong addresses, and the newly-united student body sang out the University hymn together for the first time. Homecoming Day, on November 18, the day of the Wisconsin game, the Uni- versity united with the returning alumni in another huge convocation in the Armory. This was more in the nature of a mass meeting, two-minute speeches being given by several of the old alumni, including George K. Belden, Judge W. C. Leary, George B. Webster, A. E. Larkin, Orrin Safford, and Johnny McGovern. The band furnished the pep necessary to the rousing meeting, and the convocation adjourned to Northrop Field to see Wisconsin go down to a 54 to defeat. The convocation in honor of Maria L. Sanford, on the occasion of her eightieth birthday, December 19, was a revelation of the reverence and love of which a uni- versity community is capable. John C. Hutchinson, Morris L. Arnold, Gratia Countryman, and Dr. Cyrus Northrop spoke of Professor Sanford as colleague, teacher, c itizen, and worker, while Oscar Firkins honored the guest of the day with a poem to her, written and delivered by himself. When Professor Sanford rose to give her response, the entire assembly rose likewise, and literally raised the roof of the Armory by their demonstration. After the address, " Minnesota " was sung once more, and the " many happy returns of the day " were over. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER wmmmsmmms- 1917 GOPHER DAY STARTING with a big Gopher May Dance May 28th, the 1917 Gopher came to the campus with a big hurrah. The rain on Gopher day was not able to dampen the enthusiasm of the campus on the advent of the " Gopher Beautiful! " And seldom are universities given the opportunity of seeing an annual as beautiful as the annual of the present Senior Class. The paintings by Lauros Phoenix, the drawings by Carl Teigen, and the beautiful Vanity Fair section are things that excited the admiration of every one who saw the book. Another feature of the 1917 Gopher was the album. The Gopher had finally become a real university book. The squibs had been left out of the album. And what a relief it was. No longer would the encyclopedias of quotations be murdered for the sake of misrepresenting a few hundred juniors. U B I C A T I O N n ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE,R JUBILEE GOPHERf Xl THE 1918 GOPHER MANAGERS OFFICERS John E. Dahlquist Ralph B. Beal Managing Editor Business Manager THE BOARD Chairman Academic John E. Dahlquist Dorothy Morrissey ) Erlinc Platou . . ) Robert Olson Agriculture Wesley Wachtler Dentistry and Pharmacy Harold K. Armstrong Mines and Chemistry Harold Keen Engineering John L. Scrivens . Law Leroy Calkins . Medicine THE 1918 GOPHER STAFF Raymond E. Overmire Editor Seeman Kaplan Chief Artist A. Kittredce Bailey Assistant Business Manager George Thompson Secretary dahlquist =!■■■■ :d ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ARMSTRONG MORRISSEY OLSON SCRIVEN KEEN PLATOU WACHTLER DEPARTMENTAL REPRESENTATIVES A. KiTTRF.DCE Bailey Harold G. Davis Irene Hedin Henry Hartic . Herbert Kessel Effie Larson Eugene Lysen . Albert Moorman Mines Agriculture Home Economies Electrical Engineering Chemistry N urses Education Architecture Irving Purdy Paul Rhame Sam Robertson Lloyd Rutledge Dorothy Heineman William Stradtmann Law Walter Wellman . Dentistry Benjamin Be rkuvitz Pharmacy Civil Engineering Mechanical Engineering Forestry Medicine Graduate Dan Sullivan Muriel Fairbanks Ruth Dampier Mr. S. C. Burton — Supervisor George Eraser Arnold Raugland John Morrissey Mary Freeman FEATURE Audrey Borden ORGANIZATIONS Roger L. J. Kennedy Phillip Geib ARTISTS Milton Latta Roger David ALBUM Margaret Besnah PHOTOGRAPHERS Ralph Gracie Albert B. Fillmore Johnson Marjorie Hurd ATHLETICS Edgar Kleffman ASSOCIATE EDITORS Rudolph Anderson Troy M. Rodlun James L. Markham Willis Lawson Richard McKenny Esther Martin J. J. Liebenberg Cora Martin Earl Paulson Small Mary Martin Robert Towey THE- GOPHER THE GOLDEN JUBILEE GOPHER STAFF IT is an opportunity worth a school year to have worked with the members of the 1918 Gopher staff. The enthusiasm of some of the members of the staff was wonderful. It carried us over many a seemingly impassable obstacle. With this staff as a nucleus, the class should be able to do big things in its Senior Year. A great opportunity confronts us. To properly celebrate the Golden Jubilee of the University and to give Dr. Burton a true Minnesota welcome are tasks that should give the Class of 1918 a real class spirit. D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHE,R MINNESOTA DAILY HOLEN Norman Holen Herbert Miller Edwin Severson THE MANAGERS Managing Editor Business Manager Assistant Business Manager DOERR melin DOUGLASS PRUDDEN GILLEN SAAKI PEGELOW 490 ■ ■ ■ THe GOPHER ALDRICH LUND BAT[: JOHNSON BRANHAM MdlUARTY BOYLE LANCTHY MAKKHAM WERNICKE CARPENTER KIERZEK. WEISS THE MINNESOTA DAILY BOARD AND STAFF Charles Pegelow Russell Morse Willard A. Doerr Edward Anderson Allen Aldrich . Herbert Lefkovitz Raymond C. Pierce Marjorie Hurd Harald H. Lund Vincent Johnson Horace Webster Burton Forster Franklin Hanley Dwight Frost Max Stevens Myrtle Bacon Alma Boehnie Al. Danaher James Moore Herman Goldstein James Gray Frank Hall Paul Strickland Eugene Glasgow BOARD OF PUBLISHERS Charles Gillen, President Arthur Melin Earl Prudden DEPARTMENTAL EDITORS . Agricultural Editor Monica Langtry . • Athletic Editor Phana Wernicke Assistant Athletic Editor John Kierzek Society Editor George Weiss W. P. Kirkwood, Faculty Member NIGHT EDITORS John W. Boyle James Markham REPORTERS Addison Douglass Morell McKenzie Exchange Editor Assistant Editorial Writer Assignments Gordon R. Bates Jesse A. Carpenter Kathleen O ' Brien Eunice Smith Eva Andrews Elizabeth Lynskey Mae Coy Dorothy Dalton Bennett Congdon Clifford Taney, Jr. Catherine McMahon Florence Greenwood Eleanore Mathews Jane French Mama Lauritzen Margaret Labovitz Katharine Birch Dorothy Irish Lucile Daugherty Ada Richards Gladys Ryan Jessica Becker Ivan Benson Warwick McClure Charles Eldridge Howard E. Nelson Annette Reynaud Luella Pesck LABOVITZ TANEY ANDREWS BENSON BACON EDSTEN HANLEY SMITH MC CLURE LYNSKEY FORSTER DALTON CONGDON o ' bRIEN PIERCE BECKER STEVENS COY D ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER LSJ MINNESOTA MAGAZINE MM THE MINNESOTA MAGAZINE Founded in 1895 A Magazine of Minnesota Literature EDITORS Paul Byers Robert Benepe Leslie Morse Editor Managing Editor Business Manager Harriet Anundsen Florence Brand EDITORIAL BOARD Harold E. Wood Edith Jones Evan F. Gary BYERS WOOD ANUNDSEN D ■ ■ ■ ■ C ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER MINNEHAHA Eugene B. Hanson Editor-in-Chief Charles W. Cole Business Manager Val C. Sherman Managing Editor Larcom Randall Circulation Manager THE STAFF Harold Willard — Agricultural Representative Robert S. Benepe Mary K. Hartung Harold Wood John E. Burchard Muriel Fairbanks Wm. Mellenthin Leslie Maxson ARTISTS Clare Shenehon Clare Voelker Roy C. Stiles George Eraser ' Arnulf Ueland CONTRIBUTORS FROM MINNEAPOLIS ART SCHOOL Wanda Gag Mr. Gottlieb Dallas Hodgeman Josephine Cantieny Adolph Dehn Elizabeth Johnston Don Methven SHERMAN =!■■■■ THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C ALUMNI WEEKLY THE MINNESOTA ALUMNI WEEKLY Published by and for the Alumni to Promote the Welfare of the University. Dear Editor of the Weekly: THE check enclosed is for a life subscription to the Weekly. I don ' t want to take any chances on missing any future copies. Last night I reached my hotel after a long tramp from early morning. A drizzling rain had been falling all day and I was wet through to the skin — tired and blue. Tired and hungry as I was (and some lonesome too) when I saw the bunch of Weeklies that had accumulated during my absence, I finished my supper so quickly that I ran the chance of ruining my digestion. Then I let myself loose on those Weeklies and devoured every word they contained, ads and all. Several important business letters waited until I had finished. I was hungry for news from the old ' Varsity and friends, and, believe me, if I should put the very lowest possible estimate on the value of each item of special interest to me that I found in that little bunch of old numbers, I should have to double this check in order not to be in your debt. I hadn ' t realized it, but I was actually starving for the news which those papers brought me. I have been out on the desert where I was almost ready to bargain my soul for a good drink of water from the old spring on the farm, — well, I must have been almost as anxious for University news, for the refreshment I got from reading those Weeklies brought me much the same sensation as a drink of water when I was near dying of thirst. Do you know that the news of old friends has given me new courage to face my problems? It ' s so. The whole world looks different today and though the rain continues I don ' t care, for in my thoughts I shall travel today with old friends. While there is no place on earth like the old campus, this part of the country is great and it furnishes man-sized jobs for men who are in the game to win. We haven ' t any weaklings here — they couldn ' t stand the pace. Right here I want to say that I am no end thankful that I had my college work at Minnesota. I find that the training I had there gives me an equal show with the real men I buck up against out here. Be sure to keep the Weekly coming along — I would not miss a number for anything. f Sincerely yours, A Composite Alumnus. Note: There is no statement in this composite letter which has not been made in substantially the same terms to the editor of the Weekly many times. ZZ2 =! ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ C GENERAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION THE GENERAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION THE General Alumni Association, an organization of alumni and former stu- dents, exists for the purpose of affording the individual alumnus an oppor- tunity to make his effort count for something definite in the life of the University and the State. Our association furnishes the machinery for such co-operation — through it some most important and notable movements have been started and carried to a successful conclusion. The removal of the University from the Board of Control supervision was the first work — President Northrop has pro- nounced this the second most important event of his administration. The " greater campus " is the result of an idea put forward by an alumnus, and its acquisition was due, more largely than to. any other single factor, to the work of our association. The first general increase in salaries — thirty per cent average — was due directly to a movement started by our association and pushed through to a successful con- clusion by it. The thirty per cent increase has been continued, and though now it amounts to only twenty per cent of the pay roll, due to later increases, it means that the University is now receiving over $200,000 annually as a result of the work of the General Alumni Association. There are many things left for the alumni to do and there is no doubt that the alumni organized — for none of these things could have been brought about without organization — will rise to the occasion. Apart from all sense of obligation or duty to the institution which gave him his training, the alumnus stands in the position of a privileged citizen. Every public institution must depend upon the loyal interest and support of some group of public-spirited citizens. What more natural than that the alumni should con- sider the University their " stunt " in citizenship? The Association offers you an opportunity to have a share in this service. The Board of Directors. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE R JU THE MINNESOTA LAW KEVIEW THE MINNESOTA LAW REVIEW Publishe l every month during the school year. Established 1916. Prof. Henry J. Fletcher Editor-in-Chief Arthur C. Pullimc Assistant Editor Prof. James C. Paige Business Manager STUDENT EDITORS Alfred Gausewitz President Charles M. Dale Note Editor Harry W. Davis . Recent Case Editor THE BOARD Harry J. Acton Raymond C. Alley Wendell T. Burns Harold C. Costello Marcellus L. Countryman, Jr. WlLLARD A. DOERR Neil C. Head Leslie H. Morse Jay B. Peterson John M. Regan Kenneth B. Riley Joseph D. Sullivan Claire I. Weikert DwiGHT Williams Leonard A. Wilson 496 STUDENT SELF GOVERNA ENT l,M.Kr li i »»ii THE GOPHE,R ALL-UNIVERSITY STUDENT COUNCIL OFFICERS Harry J. Acton President HoLLis Cross Vice-president Frances P. Irwin Recording Secretary Genevieve A. Bernhardt Corresponding Secretary LoREN S. TuTTLE Treasurer MEMBERS Arthur B. Bjornstad Melvin A. Miller Ernest T. Bros J. C. Owen Charles W. Cole H. L. Sargent Sybil Fleming Edwin A. Sweetman Walter Frestedt Emma Waterman SWEETMAN BJGIiNSTAl) OWENS miller reinhardt cole cross waterman acton vaaler fleming sargent IRWIN 498 ■ ■ THE GOPHE R WOMEN ' S SELF GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION EXECUTIVE BOARD Ingerd Nissen Josephine Mott Marian Wash . Florence Jules Dean Margaret Sweeney Emma Waterman Agatha Tuttle Gladys Callister Grace Ferguson Leta Nelson GuDRUN GaHRIELSON Margaret McDonald Mary Freeman . Murlen Holten Isabelle Borceson . Frances Irwin . Margaret Cammack Dorothy McGraw . Kathryn Urquhart President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Member Ex-officio Chairman of Junior Advisors Chairman of Shevlin Board President of House Council Social Chairman Social Hour Chairman Chairman of Other Buildings Senior Representative Junior Representative Sophomore Representative Freshman Representative AU-U Council Representative Women ' s Academic Council Representative W. A. A. Representative Pan-Hellenic Representative nelson BORGESON GABRIELSON holten McGRAW tuttle freeman cammack waterman urquhart MacDONALD FERGUSON wash NISSEN JULES MOTT ■ ■ ■ ■ D ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHE-R 1 HOME ECONOMICS SELF GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION All women registered in the College of Agriculture are eligible to membership. Started in 1909 as the Home Economics Association. Changed to Home Economics Self Government Association in 1914. THE EXECUTIVE BOARD Dean Sweeney Margaret Drew Margaret Doyle Berniece Fullerton Irma Forbes Gertrude Reinhardt Marcella Monasch Katherine Niles Ethel Crocker Bertha Klatt . Mildred Grahn Marjorie Rodger Eleanor Young Ex-Officio President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Chairman Social Committee Chairman Buildings Committee Chairman Membership Publicity President House Council Senior Representative Junior Representative Sophomore Representative Freshman Representative klatt LLERTON RODGER YOUNG DREW GRAHN MONASCH DOYLE NILES HELMIAUUI FORBES m- the: gopher ■ ■ ■ c ACADEMIC COUNCIL James Boyle — President of Joint Council WOMAN ' S COUNCIL Margaret Cam mack — President Edith Jones Ethel Hoskins Mary Martin — Secretary Dorothy McGbaw Margaret Gillespie MEN ' S COUNCIL Paul Storm — President Rudolph Anderson — Secretary Alonzo Wilson Felix Moses George K. Bowden Clinton Boo boo MOSES ANDERSON BOYLE STORM WILSON BOWDEN MARTIN McGRAW GILLESPIE JONES HOSKINS CAMMACK THE GOPHER STUDENT COUNCIL OF THE COLLEGES OF AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY OFFICERS RoscoE W. Tanner President Laura M. Piemeisel Secretary Theodore E. Odland Treasurer MEMBERS Archie E. Lang Herbert Swanson Earl A. Ballincer Esther Johnson Frank L. Brunkow Blanche L. Lee Shirley C. Brayton Margaret Doyle BRUNKOW swanson DOYLE LEE BRAYTON BALLINGER JOHNSON ODLAND TANNER PIEMEISEL LANG D ■ ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER THE STUDENT COUNCIL OF THE SCHOOL OF CHEMISTRY Oscar Luft Arthur C. Beckel Alexander D. Bell President Vice-president Secretary Thorfin Hocness Clyde Owens Lee L. McLellan hogness =!■■■■ THE- GOPHER THE STUDENT COUNCIL OF THE COLLEGE OF DENTISTRY FACULTY Dr. Godfrey Ray B. LeMay SENIORS MoRELL D. McKenzie M. H. Thorson JUNIORS A. H. Homme Joy Nellermoe SOPHOMORE Leo Daum FRESHMAN Frank C. Kracek =!■■■■ ZD T THE GOPHE,R THE STUDENT COUNCIL OF THE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING AND ARCHITECTURE OFFICERS George W. Putnam Donald P. Loye Richard M. Tryon Henry M. Hartic President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer 1917 Floyd W. Brown George W. Putnam Ben S. Willis Knox A. Powell (1st semester) Edwin F. Jones (2nd semester) 1918 Henry E. Hartig 1919 Richard M. Tryon (1st semester) George W. Miller Howard C. Jacohson (2nd semester) JONES loye tryon PUTNAM brown miller HARTIG ■ ■ THL GOPHER d LAW COUNCIL Lyle E. Zumwinkle Ivan Hansen OFFICERS President Secretary Prof. E. M. Morgan Roy B. Nelson J. D. Sullivan MEMBERS John D. Robb F. W. Thompson Dean W. R. Vance SULLIVAN HANSEN ZUMWINKLE VANCE nelson morgan robb thompson in ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R B C SENIOR ADVISORS Founded at Minnesota, 1912 OFFICERS Paul S. Gillespie President Franklin Skinner . Secretary-Treasurer James Boyle Alloys Branton J. Oliver Buswell Paul Byers James W. Clark Charles Cole Elmer Croft HoLLis Cross Howard Dykman Vernon Hurd Thorolf Evenson Godfrey Eyler Vincent Fitzgerald Chas. W. Gillen Paul Gillespie Arthur Grawert SENIOR ADVISORS FOR 1916-17 . Herbert Griffin John Hartigan Louis Hauser Victor Hauser Norman Holen Harold Huey A. W. Johnson Eugene Ackerson Henry Kuhrmeyer Julien Kvam Arthur Melin Herbert Miller Russell W. Morse Joseph Nolan E. J. North Gunther Orsinger Franklin Petri Erling Platou Arthur Poole Oliver S. Powell Earl Prudden Paul Reyerson Abraham Shedlov Franklin Skinner Theodore Socard Paul Storm Frank Taylor Russell Thomas Donald Timerman Clarence Rydell Alonzo Wilson Harold Wood «fr..f»f V ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER ■ JUNIOR ADVISORS Purpose: To assist the freshman girls in getting acquainted with university life and in solving the problems of the first year. Elizabeth Bearnes Harriet Benton Margaret Besnah Abigail Carufel Geraldine Cassilly Esther Crandall Ruth Creglov? Alice Daily Ruth Dampier Mae Donaldson Esther Drenckhahn Ruth Duxbury WiLMA EuSTIS Katherine Fobes Gertruhe Freeman Mary Freeman Jeanette Frye Hilde Gale Lucy Gibbs Hazel Gipson Vivien Groves Marie Lobdell JUNIOR ADVISORS Alice Glenesk Ellen Goodrich Marion Greenman Ruth Griffith Beatrice Hardy Caroline Helmick Marie Hinderer Cora Emily Houghton Ruth Howard Doris Jenkins Florence Jules Bessie King loNE Kirscher Faith Knickerbocker Eleanor Leerskov Louise Leonard Marie Lobdell Dorothy McGraw Helen MacKeen JUNIOR ADVISOR CHAIRMAN Emma Waterman Mary Martin Mary Moriarty Dorothy Morrissey Josephine Mott Leta Nelson Helen Norris Mary Peterson Marion Poole Margaret Rhodes Lucile Saxton Clare Shenehon Marian Shepard Kathleen Smith Helen Stanton Helen Sullivan Mary Taylor Lucie Tomlinson Helen Wedum Constance Woodford Katherine Yerxa SENIOR ASSISTANTS Louise Nippert JUNIOR ASSISTANTS Mary Martin 1 =] ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER MINNESOTA UNION BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE MINNESOTA UNION Registrar E. B. Pierce Donald B. McGilvra Joseph D. Sullivan Prof. John F. Ebersole OFFICERS John F. Ebersole Arthur H. Nobbs E. B. Pierce Louis A. Hauser Paul H. Storm Earl F. Ballincer Addison H. Douglass David Grimes Donald C. Smith C. Gustaf Anderson Joseph D. Sullivan Oswald S. Wyatt . James J. Thornby . Morell D. McKenzie Donald B. McGilvra REPRESENTATIVES President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Faculty Alumni Alumni Academic Academic Agriculture Engineering Engineering Engineering Law Law Medicine Dentistry Dentistry Mines Hpr - V H I«.1 HHk[ R " W ■■■ B ' ' ' - B % ? n H F H BW 1 K ' • B J ff 1 «..i , ' H pl l --jr-- _ _ B pp% t. 1 Ib? ! | Kt ' " ' ' ' ' Hf «- , 1 Jl B fl K H R Bb " Bjl H Itt w ,k P T ' l H m k:-mt emSmf-mk « KlMi ■H«K«!i ijlH ■ ■ ■ ballinger :]■■■■ THE GOPHER I? f ' ? ' % ' ! ' ! nil 1 ' , - l - = -U .THE GOPHER ORATORY IN THE EARLY DAYS By Maria Sanford ALTHOUGH some very earnest work was done in the Hermean and Delta Sigma literary societies, and although the University produced in the first ten years of its existence some men who excelled in forensics, oratory could hardly be called popular during those years. Some students took lessons of a woman who taught the " elocution terrible " which was then so much in vogue; others listened and scoffed. George B. Alton, who was my first pupil, said to me, " I didn ' t want to come to you, that woman had the fellows a-hanging on to their hearts, and I thought you would do the same thing. " At that time, as a requirement for graduation all students must, during each of the three terms of the senior year, present an oration on the chapel stage. It was undoubtedly fine practice, for, as attendance at chapel was compulsory, there was always an audience to speak to. But some did not appreciate the privilege, and put off the work until the last minute; and so just before commencement there was a flood of the delinquent oratory. The only edifying thing about it was that it removed a " con. " There was great rejoicing among the students, and a considerable sense of relief on the part of the faculty, when chapel oratory was discontinued. As the only classes were small, all candidates for a degree were supposed to present an oration at commencement, but it was easy to obtain an excuse. Some students, however, who had little gift in speaking, wanted to be heard. As the classes grew in size, the commencement program became tedious. After prolonged discus- sion of the loss of opportunities to budding genius, and the danger of rendering Minnesota speechless, the faculty at last decided that this infliction of immature oratory upon a defenseless public should be discontinued. The cause of oratory did not suffer by the change, for the following years were perhaps the most prolific of any in the history of the University in turning out men who have distinguished themselves as public speakers. " Junior Ex " was in the early days the great oratorical event; a byproduct of this exhibition was the bogus program. In these missives, which were scattered through the assembled audience, the students who were to take part, and the members of the faculty also, were with some keen wit and with much low buffoonery held up to ridicule. This custom was a coarse " survival " from primitive college days in America; days when at Yale, students, who ate at a common college table, cut each other ' s hands slashing for butter, because those who could eat the fastest, as soon as they were through, hurled the biscuits, potatoes and bones at the heads of the other fellows. We may be thankful that coeducation and the growth of general refinement, have, by developing a higher conception of fun, almost entirely eliminated horseplay from college halls and college tradition. After oratory was made elective, interest in it grew rapidly; and the bogus programs, being frowned upon by public sentiment among the students, died a natural death. It is quite possible that, in spite of all drawbacks and in the absence of many of the incentives now furnished, some orations of the early times equalled in con- vincing power the best efforts of the students today. =!■■■■[: THE GOPHE.R- FITZGERALU INTERCOLLEGIATE DEBATE December 8th, 1916 SUBJECT Resolved, That the United States Should Own and Operate All Railroads, Constitutionality Granted. THE MINNESOTA AFFIRMATIVE TEAM Paul Kebfoot Leslie Morse George Bowden THE MINNESOTA NEGATIVE TEAM Paul Jaroscak David Lundeen Vincent Fitzgerald The Affirmative team debating the team of the State University of Iowa at Minneapolis was defeated by a divided vote. The Negative team debating the team of the University of Illinois was defeated by a unanimous decision. ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R THE TWENTY-SEVENTH ANNUAL PILLSBURY ORATORICAL CONTEST April 3rd, 1916 THE SPEAKERS Thorolf Evensen " Real Preparedness " Louis W. Goldberg .... " The Tragedy of the Jew " Wendell Burns " America and the Immigrant " James B. Ostergren .... " The College Man ' s Religion " Gladys Callister " Industrial Justice " Donald Timerman " Social Progress " AS intercollegiate debate is the highest honor to be won in debate, so the Pills- bury Oratorical Contest is the highest oratorical distinction allowed to the student. This contest, established in 1888 by the heirs of the Honorable John S. Pillsbury, awards three prizes of $100, $50, and $25 for the best work in the De- partment of Rhetoric, as evidenced by a final oration in public. There has been inaugurated a course in advanced public speaking, which has for one of its objects the preparation of students for this Pillsbury Contest. The twenty-seventh annual contest was held in the Little Theater on April 3, 1916. First place went to Thorolf G. Evensen, with an oration on " Real Prepared- ness. " He made a plea for universal service of the Swiss type, as the real measure of preparedness; it creates a national consciousness and the realization of the na- tional unit. Louis W. Goldberg, painting in vivid colors, " The Tragedy of the Jew, " tracing the march of the Jews down the ages, persecuted, but leaders still, was awarded second place. Third place fell to Wendell T. Burns, speaking on " America and the Immigrant. " He sounded the warning against the overtaxing of the melting pot of America, without the facilities for their assimilation into a homogeneous nation. James Ostergren, with " The College Man ' s Religion, " discussed the relation of scientific study and student religious thought, holding that there were two alter- natives: a rejection of all religion, or a reconstruction of religious beliefs. Miss Gladys Callister pointed out the seriousness of the war between capital and labor, and the danger from concentrated wealth in the hands of a few people, in her oration on " Industrial Justice. " Donald Timerman, speaking of " Social Evolution, " said: " The real method of social betterment is that of evolution based on scientific and expert knowledge and the co-operation of all people. " =!■■■■ THE GOPHER MONTGOMERY BALLINGER AGRICULTURAL INTERCOLLEGIATE DEBATE May 12, 1916 SUBJECT Resolved, That the Best Interests of the Farmers of the United States Require a Protective Tariff. THE MINNESOTA AFFIRMATIVE TEAM THE MINNESOTA NEGATIVE TEAM Earl Ballinger Arvid Nelson Carl Iverson George Hardisty Ira Montgomery Robert Hodgson The affirmative team, debating the team from Ames College at Minneapolis, won by a divided vote. The negative team, debating the team of Wisconsin at MadJson, was awarded a unanimous decision. NELSON HARDISri HODGSON ■ ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER YAGER JOHNSON THE SEVENTEENTH ANNUAL FRESHMAN-SOPHOMORE DEBATE December 6th, 1916 SUBJECT Resolved, That the United States Should Establish a System of Compulsory Military Training. THE FRESHMAN TEAM Sam Maslon Harold Clark Sam Gofen THE SOPHOMORE TEAM Saul Yager Leon Nacht Cecil Johnson THE seventeenth annual Freshman-Sophomore Debate was held in the Little Theater on the evening of December 6, 1916, and was won by the Sophomore team by a decision of two to one. The winning team, composed of Leon Nacht, Saul Yager, and Cecil Johnson, supported the negative side of the proposition: " Resolved, That the United States Should Establish a System of Compulsory Military Training. " The affirmative was upheld by the Freshman team, composed of Sam Maslon, Harold Clark, and Sam Gofen. The constructive work of the two teams was about even, the Sophomores excelling in rebuttal. The Frank H. Peavey prize of $100, awarded to the members of the winning team, was first offered in 1901. Since the death of the donor, the prize has been offered annually by his daughter, Mrs. Heffelfinger, of Minneapolis. The par- ticipants in these underclass debates, since 1901, have frequently won later distinc- tion in the fields of intercollegiate debate and oratory. The establishment of this Peavey prize has done much to foster the spirit of debate, especially in the newer students, at the University. ■ ■ ■ THt GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C FRESHMAN-SOPHOMORE ORATORICAL CONTEST THE Freshman-Sophomore Oratorical Contest is an annual competition among underclass orators for the Ludden prizes of $50, $30, and $20. The first contest was held in 1904. After what the Public Speaking Department characterized as the hardest elimina- tion tryouts known for this contest, the six orators selected met in the twelfth annual Freshman-Sophomore Oratorical Contest, in the Little Theater, on April 14, 1916. Miss Eva Andrews, the only girl entered, took first place with a touching appeal for the immigrant, " The Keeping of the Trust. " Fredo A. Ossanna, with an oration pointing out the duty of the United States after the war, and denouncing the methods of the subsidized press, and William A. Prosser, with a dramatic narrative as " The Supreme Protest " against the folly of war, tied for second and third prizes. The other Contestants were Everett Dirksen, speaking on " The Philippi ne Question " ; Morris Green, " Let Us Prepare " ; and Walter Huyler, " The Mission of America. " The contest was hard-fought, the judges making their decisions only after long consultation. Most of the contestants have since won other honors in oratory and debate. FORENSIC LEAGUE ORATORICAL CONTEST THE annual Forensic League Oratorical Contest was held in the auditorium of the Agricultural College on the evening of May 19, 1916. Each of the six literary societies in the league was represented by one speaker. Miss Dyllone Hampstead, for the Philomathians, won first place with an oration on " Prohibi- tion. " Vincent Fitzgerald, the Forum representative, took second honors with " The Bondage of Nations. " Paul Jaroscak, for the Shakopeans, delivered " A Plea for Government Ownership of Munition Plants, " winning the third prize. The other speakers were Carl Iverson (Athenian), who spoke on " The Hope of Democracy " ; Joseph A. Struett (Castalian), who extolled " America ' s Champion " ; and Miss Helen Tuttle (Kappa Rho), who was prevented by illness from giving her oration on " Our Present Enigma. " The prizes for these contestants have been offered for three consecutive years by George Draper Dayton, of Minneapolis, and consist of books from the Dayton Store, amounting to $50, $25, and $15. The stimulus afforded by these prizes has greatly heightened the competition which keeps the various literary societies of the campus going. D ■ ■ ■ ■ I 3 H ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THL GOPHER ■ ■ ■ THE MOCK CONVENTION OF 1916 THE 1916 Mock Convention of the Political Parties represented at the University of Minnesota was held at the Armory, May 9. W. W. Butler was in charge of the general arrangements for the convention, the convention being promoted by the Forensic League. The plan in general was the same as that followed by the National Nominating Convention, although necessarily somewhat different because of the fact that all parties were represented in the one body. There were 532 delegates and to be a delegate it was necessary to vote in the election held by the Daily. This election consisted of filling out a blank in the Daily giving name, address, and political party with which the delegate wished to affiliate himself. Both men and women made up the delegations, and names received after the first 532 were held as substitutes. The committee on credentials checked up on the names to see that they were bona fide. The committee on apportioning delegates then arbitrarily chose one delegate to act as temporary chairman of each state and with his help named the delegates for his state. These in turn were notified of the state they were to represent. The delegates were so placed that Democrats would control the Democratic states with a good sprinkling of doubtful states. The committee on nominations named the persons who were to make nomina- tions and seconding speeches, and limited the length of the speeches. Other committees were the decorating committee, the music committee, and committee on placard (names of states) and banners. Mr. Geo. K. Bowden opened the convention as temporary chairman, and after considerable use of steam-roller methods got the convention going. Mr. R. J. Swenson, Democrat, was chosen permanent chairman and the convention went off with a whoop. It seemed at times that certain belligerent delegates would pre- cipitate a general fight and necessitate the police or the fire department, and the chairman was a very busy person all the time. After the nominating speeches the roll call of states was taken. Mr. Woodrow Wilson was elected on the second ballot, the two-thirds rule being in effect. There was a hard fight for the majority rule, but it lost. After the nomination of Mr. Wilson, which took place at 1 : 05 A. M., the Democrats, because the others left, adopted a platform and adjourned sine die at 1 : 45 A. M. The nominating speeches were made as follows: Woodrow Wilson W. W. Butler A. F. Benson John E. Dahlquist Theodore Roosevelt D. Lundeen Champ Clark Helen Tuttle Chas. Evans Hughes .... Everett Dirksen W. J. Bryan . . . . . . Harlow Bonniwell ■ ■ THE GOPHE,R ABRAHAMSON TAYLOR GRANT UALLl.NGEK BACON CILLILAN FORENSIC LEAGUE J. C. GiLLILAN George Taylor Earl Ballinger Ora Savidge Paul Abrahamson Alfred Grant OFFICERS . President Philomathian . First Vice-president Forum . Second Vice-president Athenian . Third Vice-president Kappa Rho . Secretary Shakopean . Treasurer Hesperian I THE Forensic League here at Minnesota is nothing new, although the present organization is only three years old. From the early days when the Adelphic, Hermean, North Star, and other literary societies held sway on the campus, the need has been felt for some organization that would combine the activities and ideals of the various societies. Accordingly, from 1902 to 1907 there existed a Literary Union, which acted as intermediary for the members of the union. In 1909, The Debating Board, which did yeoman work in fostering debate and oratory at the University, was formed. The culmination came in the spring of 1914, when the present " Forensic League " was effected by the Forum, Shakopean, Castalian, Philomathian, and Athenian Literary Societies. Kappa Rho and Hesperian So- cieties have since been admitted. The League holds four meetings every year, each society furnishing part of every entertainment. In addition, the League supervises the Forensic League Debates and Oratorical Contests, the Freshman-Sophomore Debates and Oratorical Contests, and encourages literary activities in general. One of the big things under- taken by the League during 1916 was the Mammoth Mock Political Convention, which threw the entire campus into the depths of politics and " affairs of state " for weeks. ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHE-R Z3 THE ATHENIAN YEAR THE ATHENIANS this year produced two intercollegiate debaters, duplicating last year ' s achievement. Earl Ballinger and Robert Olson, who got much of their early training in the Athenian Literary Society, took important parts in the annual debates with Wisconsin and Iowa. These men, with George Pond, repre- sented the society in the Forensic League debates, in which they defeated the Hesperians and Castalians and met the Shakopeans for the championship of the Forensic League. Among the many interesting meetings held by the Athenians this year are the campfire meeting, in the woods north of the campus, Christmas program. Farmers ' Club program, and the Musical program. Besides taking up the study of literature and writers in general, the society has given its members training in extemporaneous speaking on agricultural and home topics on which they are likely to be called upon to speak in their work after graduation. A quartet composed of Marcellus Knoblauch, Clifford Finley, Leland De Flon, and Hjalmer Nelson was organized to take the place of the former quartet, all members of which were graduated in 1916. The Athenian Literary Society made some changes in its policy during the year. The membership was reduced from sixty to fifty, to give those interested a greater opportunity of taking part in debate and practice on the platform. The society has backed intercollegiate debate and oratorical competitions on the campus. The Athenian Team BALLINGER ■ ■ ■ ■ • .■■■■■■l_ aa 1 ■_ THL GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C !■■■■■■■■ Hn HL- 1 R? K K 1 E H 1 1 Kl : h |H B H 1 bRi n IHi Fi ' H H I 1 E " B IS EH infl n ' he ' k I 1 1 ' H jI pi W HV Wr y ■ • ll 1 1 r T fl KijiJLuBy-J 1 1 m i M MILLER FERGUSON SAARI LANG HAMMARGREN KNOBLAUCH PUTNAM COE |k| SANDERS GAUMNITZ OLSON ROBINSON SHANNON pond jacobson _ LAUER MADERA COON FINLEY NELSON BORGMANN GAUMNITZ JOHNSON " ■ ■ ATHENIAN LITERARY SOCIETY OFFICERS - FIRST semester 1 HjALMER A. Nelson President ■ 1 Hazel Schoelkopf . Vice-president n - Blanche Srsen . Raymond E. Arp . Secretary Treasurer " 1 ■ second semester f-i Glenn A. Ferguson . President Christina Gaumnitz Vice-president Ruby M. Coon . Secretary Treasurer Clifford B. Finley . MEMBERS ; Edna Amidon Myrtle Grove George Pond ■ Hildure Anderson August Hammargren Henry Putnam g Raymond Arp Arthur Jacobson Lillian Poppitz t ■ Mabel Borgmann Beatrice Johnson Margaret Redspenning ■ 5 LuDwiG Bowe Fred Krantz Sherrill Robinson ■ Maynard Coe Marcellus Knoblauch Hazel Rockwood Ruby Coon Alpha Larson Muriel Rockwood Leland De Flon Carrie Lauer Matt Saari Maria Denniston Jessie McQueen George Sanders Glenn Ferguson Erma Madera Hazel Schoelkopf Clifford Finley Lawrence Miller Walter Simpson Clyde Frudden Marie Morrison Blanche Srsen Christina Gaummtz HjALMAR Nelson Florence Penhall Fred Gaumnitz Keisuke Obara Donald Shannon I 1 1 ! [ Robert Olson : ' ■■■■■■ ■ 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ 1 IB ■ ■ ■ c {■■■■■rilll 521 " ' THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C THE FORUM LITERARY SOCIETY ORGANIZED in 1894, for the purpose of fostering interest and ability in good citizenship, oratory, and debate, the Forum Literary Society has ever maintained the high standards set by their forefathers in the court of the Roman Forum. Each year has seen Forum representatives in intercollegiate and interclass debates. Pills- bury, Dayton, and underclass oratorical contests, and general forensic activities. The past year found Forums placing in each of the contests. The last intercollegiate team chosen, to debate Wisconsin, was composed of three Forums, one of whom later dropped out in favor of the alternate. The membership of the society is limited to thirty. The Forum spirit, as evi- denced by the activity of Forum orators and debaters, is well set forth in the motto of the society: " To make orators, not to seek them. " THE. GOPHE-R BERKVAM MUDGE GARCEAU ROBERTS JOH.NSON RYE SPARBOE RICHAL SERUM H. TAYLOR BEAL HENNESSEY R. GAMBLE SWAN RILEY ACKERSON HAUCE OVERMIRE WEIKERT OSSANNA LOWE FORUM LITERARY SOCIETY OFFICERS FIRST SEMESTER Raymond E. Overmire President Eugene Ackerson Vice-president Ross M. Gamble Secretary-Treasurer Claire Weikert . . Sergeant-at-Arms SECOND SEMESTER Fredo a. Ossanna President Joseph D. Lowe Vice-president Ross M. Gamble Secretary-Treasurer Raymond E. Overmire Sergeant-at-Arms ACTIVE MEMBERS Eugene J. Ackerson Edwin J. Berkvam Gillain E. Ellingson Irving M. Frisch Ross M. Gamble George J. Garceau Richard F. Hennessey Edgar M. Jaeger Oscar G. Johnson Joseph D. Lowe Lesli e Maxson Norman E. Mudge Rolf Nannestad Fredo A. Ossanna Raymond E. Overmire Merton A. Richal Kenneth V. Riley C. S. Rye Mark M. Serum Anthony B. Sparboe Abel B. Swan Horatio B. Sweetser Harold V. Taylor Claire L Weikert INACTIVE MEMBERS Vincent Fitzgerald William J. Fitzgerald Louis W. Goldberg L. Harold Ickler Russell C. Rosenquest SivERT W. Thompson J. William Gamble ■ ■ THE GOPHE,R KAPPA RHO LITERARY SOCIETY KAPPA RHO LITERARY SOCIETY was organized in the spring of 1914 by a group of young women interested in the study of public speaking and debate. Under the leadership of Myrtle Savidge and Lillian Byrnes, who had won first place in the Pillsbury Oratorical Contest, a vital interest in forensic work was created. As a result the society was admitted to the Forensic League in 1915; and since then it has participated in all the League activities. In the same year Hildegarde Wanous won second place in the Pillsbury Contest. In 1916 Kappa Rho won the championship of the Intersociety Debate Series, winning from both the Philomathians and the Shakopeans. In the Pillsbury Contest Kappa Rho was represented by Gladys Callister. In 1917 Kappa Rho again participated in the Intersociety Debates, taking part in the semi-finals. In 1916 the society presented an original one-act play, written by Ruby Hernlund, and this year presented " Mrs. Temple ' s Telegram. " In the Pillsbury Contest this year Gladys Callister will again represent Kappa Rho. The interest of the society in oratorical work is shown by the fact that eight members are seeking the opportunity of representing the society in the Forensic League Oratorical Contest. CALLISTER THE GOPHER A. TLT TLL E ERT ANDREWS H . TUTTLE NORTHEY COY OERTIXG BACON CLARK BERG PETERSON MACDONALD HAGSTROM SANDERS LONDON SHEPARDSON ANUNDSEN GROTH WATKLNS SAVIDGE DANIELSON CALLISTER KAPPA RHO LITERARY SOCIETY Ora Savidge Gladys Callister Louise Watkins Cora Groth Agatha Tuttle Ora Savidge Louise Watkins Cora Northey . Evelyn Andrews Harriet Anundsen OFFICERS FIRST SEMESTER SECOND SEMESTER President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at-Arms President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at-Arms Dr. Anna Phelan FACULTY Prof. Haldor B. Gislaso ; Ora Savidge Gladys Callister Louise Watkins Ruby Weedell Elizabeth Ewert Mabel Hacstrom Helen Tuttle Agatha Tuttle Cora M. Groth MEMBERS Bessie Lowry Harriet Anundsen Ella Oerting Mary Shepardson Flora Macdonald Evelyn Andrevps Helen Danielson Cora Northey May Peterson May Coy Myrtle Sanders Ruth Berg Eleanor Clark Goldie London Clara Krefting Harriet Bozarth Anna Peterson Annabel Byrnes Smith THE- GOPHER HESPERIAN nil HESPERIAN LITERARY SOCIETY THE HESPERIAN LITERARY SOCIETY was organized in the fall of 1915. Two members from each of the two societies, the Philomathian and the Athenian, furnished the nucleus for this new organization. The society was organized for the purpose of developing an appreciation of literature, and developing ability in speaking, debating, and parliamentary practice, and also to promote a social spirit among its members. As a result of the high standards and the consistent efforts of the society, it was recognized by the Forensic League and admitted to membership in the spring of 1916. The society has taken an active part in the activities of the League since its admission to membership. The society in all its work endeavors to fulfill the purpose for which it was organized. The standard of its work in debate is shown by the fact that the team representing it reached the semi-finals in the Forensic League series of debates last fall. The society, in its programs at present, is making a study of modern authors and their works, supplementing this with practice in debate, oratory and parlia- mentary drill. In all of its work the society endeavors to carry out its motto, " Think and act. " The Hesperian Team CHRISTOPHER THE GOPHE R HESPERIAN LITERARY SOCIETY OFFICERS FIRST SEMESTER Alfred Grant . Mary Chapin Gertrude Chamberlain Chauncey Larsen Louise Clayton Charles Phelps second semester President Fred Idtse Vice-president .... Albertha Gustafson Secretary Dorothy Munson Treasurer Ben Kienholz Sergeant-at-Arms . . . Louise Clayton Historian Gertrude Chamberlain MEMBERS G. W. Benjamin Hazel Boss Frank Brunkow Marie Carpenter Gertrude Chamberlain Mary Chapin Warren Christopher Louise Clayton Fordyce Ely Acusta Filberc Winifred Frasier Frank Frolik Alfred Grant Harriet Hanson Robert Hodgson Elsie Horton Fred Idtse George Ilse Hettie Joach Axel Johnson Henry Kaldahl Louis Kelehan Ben Kienholz Chauncey Larsen Lilly Lenhart Richard McKenny Dorothy Munson Marie Nelson Dorothy Newton Theodore Odland Esther Olson Hazel Olson Lilly Olson Marion Oppegard Myrtle Paulson Charles Phelps Ethel Peterson Kenneth Poehler Vera Reycraft Grace Styles Pearl Thom George White HONORARY MEMBERS Mr. and Mrs. Lansing Mr. and Mrs. Lusk Mr. and Mrs. Bender Mr. and Mrs. Thatcher Mr. Click Mr. Kolb ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C mmmriiiiiiiMiniiiTiiimmini igl T PHILDMATHIAN iiiiiiiiiiiiiijimM MMiiiMiMiiiJJiiJMnniiinM PHILOMATHIAN LITERARY SOCIETY THE Philomathian Literary Society is organized to develop talent along literary lines and to promote public speaking, debating, oratory, music, and journalism. The society is a member of the Forensic League, takes an active part in dramatics, and publishes " The Philomathian, " the only literary annual in the University. It is co-educational, membership being limited to fifty students chosen on their respective merits. OFFICERS FIRST SEMESTER Edwin M. Johnson President Irene Tews Vice-president Delphine Anderson Secretary Willis Lawson . . ... Treasurer Ethel Scott Artist Oswald Sebercer Sergeant-at-Arms RuFUS Roth Historian second semester Walter Frestedt President Clara Ladner Vice-president Jean Boyd Secretary RuFUs Roth Treasurer Myron Loomis Sergeant-at-Arms The Philomathian Team HEMPSTEAD JOHNSON WAITE ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE-R BOSS OSTBY E. HANSON LATHROP HEDIN HOLM SHAW LEE GAMBLE BENTON R. ROTH C. OSTROM W. ROTH E. OSTROM THOMPSON MELANDER WAITE HEMPSTEAD FRANKS WARNER LADNER BORGMANN MUELLER LINDQUIST THOMPSON DODGE FORD BOYD Vandyke H. HANSON WASHBURN EVANS LAWSON tews JOHNSON ANDERSON E. ROTH KLATT FRESTEDT PHILOMATHIAN LITERARY SOCIETY Charles Anderson Frank Clapp Spencer Cleland GRADUATE John Gillilan Will Peterson Ernest Roth Dwight Benton Walter Fhestedt Edwin Johnson Bertha Klatt 1917 Carl Van Dyke Carl Ostby Ethel Scott Irene Tews Muriel Washburn 1918 Delphine Anderson Dorothy Dodge Walter Gamble Irene Hedin Harry Hill Clara Ladner Elna Boss Jean Boyd Frank Campbell Lloyd Evans Estelle Franks Sam Frary Dyllone Hempstead Edwin Hanson Harold Hanson Arnold Hawkinson Dikka Hillestad Constant Holm 1919 Willi s Lawson Blanche Lee Marion McCall Cassie Monroe Anna Thompson Frank Tibbetts Ephkaim Koeneman Helen Lathrop Leonard Hill Leonard Melander John Olson Carl Ostrom Elmer Ostrom RuFus Roth Oswald Seberger Earle Thompson Warren Waite AuREL Warner Sylvia Borgmann Gladys Ford Myron Loomis Leona Lindquist 1920 Rosalyn Weiskopf Naomi Mueller Wilbert Roth Robert Shaw Florence Smith ■ ■ ■ ■ the: gophe-r SiAHWCAN iamiTilWBIMIIMIlMIIIllimiMIMllWlllllllMIIIIBI lllMm THE SHAKOPEAN LITERARY SOCIETY THE SHAKOPEAN LITERARY SOCIETY, organized in 1893, took its name from one of Minnesota ' s native sons, the Indian Shakopee, chief of the Taoapa band of the Mdewakanton Sioux. Tradition has it that the Siouan chief once gathered his braves together on what is now the campus knoll, and with the natural spon- taneous eloquence of Nature ' s Genius exhorted them to deeds of valor and heroism. Today his successors still heed his historic exhortation. In the last five years the Shakopeans have won all but one of the intersociety debates. The society has been ably represented on nearly all debates and oratorical contests of any significance at the University this year. Chief among these are the Intercollegiate, Freshman- Sophomore, and Forensic League debates and the Freshman-Sophomore, Forensic League, and the Pillsbury oratorical contests. The 1917 Champions GALLAGHER WICK LYSEN 530 THE GOPHER i 4 ' PUTNAM SPHAGUE LYSEN MILLER BURNS ARNQUIST BELSTROM HEYLER C. WANGENSTEEN GALLAGHER HOLMES HAUSER CARLSON KUEHN DOW TARBOX ZELENY PETERSON O. WANGENSTEEN BENITT JAROSCAK C. JOHNSON WICK CHRISTOFFERSON CLARK HICKS ANDERSON ABRAHAMSON V. JOHNSON SHAKOPEAN LITERARY SOCIETY FIRST SEMESTER George M. Hicks I James W. Clark ) H. C. Christofferson James L. Wick Rudolph H. Anderson Anders J. Carlson . George M. Hicks Anders J. Carlson Halbert C. Christofferson Paul K. Abrahamson Paul Jaroscak James L. Wick William A. Benitt Everett M. Dirksen Arthur P. Peterson Thomas F. Gallagher Henry Johnson Leslie D. Zeleny OFFICERS President Vice-president . Secretary Treasurer . Sergeant-at-Arms SENIORS James W. Clark George W. Putnam Jack Tarbox JUNIORS Rudolph H. Anderson Chas. T. Wancensteen Eugene J. Lysen SOPHOMORES Cecil W. Johnson Vincent H. Johnson Lincoln D. Holmes Reginald R. Mitchell Walter B. Heyler FRESHMEN Albert Miller second semester H. C. Christofferson William A. Benitt Paul K. Abrahamson Chas. T. Wancensteen James W. Clark William G. Dow James F. Burns Otto D. Nellermoe Ludwig J. Hauser Frank Kuehn WiLLET H. ArNQUIST Gordon W. Sprague Owen H. Wancensteen Alexander R. Cowie John R. Bacher MOE W. SiLBERMAN Philip C. Carlson ABRAHAMSON WANGENSTEEN THE, GOPHER WEBSTER CLUB WEBSTER CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1916 Organized to develop ability in public speaking and debate among the men of the College of Agriculture. Earl Ballincer RoscoE Tanner Charles McCarthy OFFICERS President Vice-president Secretary-Treasurer Earl Ballincer Charles Bowe NoRRis Carnes Allen Edson Malachi Harney 1917 Anton Miesen Carl Nelson George Nelson RoRERT Smith Roscoe Tanner Everett Coe Charles McCarthy 1918 David Mackintosh Allen Newhall mackintosh edson carnes coe c. nelson newhall bowe g. nelson miesen smith tanner ballincer McCarthy ■ ■ ■ ■ c STAGE AND MUSIC THE GOPHER f-i .GRICULTUJ DRAMATIC CLUB? AGRICULTURAL DRAMATIC CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1914 OFFICERS Ernest G. Roth President Hazel Rockwood Vice-president Bertha L. Klatt Treasurer Frank Brunkow Secretary MEMBERS Floyd Adams Edna Amidon Jefferson Benner Frank Brunkow Josephine Catherwood Gertrude Chamberlain Leslie Cheney Spencer Cleland EsTELLE Cook Ethel Crocker Frank Frolik Alberta Gustafson George Hardisty Albert Hodgson Axel Johnson Harry Johnson Bertha Klatt Esther Wood Marcellus Knoblauch Archie Lang Marion McCall Cora Martin HjALMER Nelson Allen Newhall Carl Ostrom Helen Peterson Hazel Rockwood Ernest Roth Florence Roth RuFus Roth Matt Saari Oswald Seberger Robert Smith RoscoE Tanner Janet Thompson J sj I J t J 5 tanner seberger nelson a. JOHNSON H. JOHNSON KNOBLAUCH newhall chamberlain ostrom McCALL ADAMS WOOD R. ROTH ROCKWOOD SMITH FROLIK KLATT E. ROTH BRUNKOW GUSTAFSON PETERSON 534 D ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER AGRICULTURAL DRAMATIC CLUB WITH the co-operation of the Extension Division, the Agricultural Dramatic Club sent out the plays " Kindling the Hearth Fire " and " Partners, " written by Miss Estelle Cook. " Back to the Farm " again made several trips to towns throughout the state. Several short one-act plays were given at the chapel hour by the dramatic club. " Partners, " the latest production, is a rural play, showing how a community church may be developed in the small town by the co-operation of town and church leaders, drawing both the young and the old to a modern form of religion. The plot is cleverly developed and the play was successful wherever shown. THE GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ THE MASQUERS MASQUERS DRAMATIC CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1889 OFFICERS Paul S. Gillespie Helen Tuttle . Monica Lanctry Kenneth O ' Brien Emmeritz Norman Clark Marshall Mr. and Mrs. Chas. M. Holt President Vice-president Secretary Treasurer Business Manager Assistant Business Manager Directors Harry Anthistle Genevieve Bernhardt Mary Kate Campbell Grace Challman Clara Claussen Howard Dykman Henriella Gangelhoff Alice Gall Margaret Gillespie Paul Gillespie Walter Greaza Inez Grove Wallace Hankins John Hartigan Lillian Hoff MASQUERS George Hollenbeck Gordon Hyde Monica Jones Agnes Keefe Roger Kennedy Monica Langtry Margaret Lewis Gretchen Lueck Clark Marshall Cora Martin Wendell McRae Cecile Moriarty Leta Nelson Elizabeth Nissen Emmeritz Norman Kenneth O ' Brien Bertha Peik Ruth Peterson Marion Poole Marjorie Raine Mildred Scott Robert Sherman Walter Spriggs Helen Toomey Helen Tuttle Victor Troe.ndle Harold Upham Harold Wood Lucile Ziegelmaier hankins claussen upham POOLE SHERMAN GALL gangelhoff peik ziegelmaier martin toomey marshall hoff norman langtry gillespie jones McRAE GILLESPIE ANTHISTLE SCOTT RAINE KEEFE O ' BRIEN GROVE GREAZA H ■ ■ ■ ■ c THE GOPHER THE MASQUERS THE MASQUERS is the oldest dramatic club at the University. It was originally called the University Dramatic Club and was founded in 1889. During the twenty-eight years of its existence it has presented two or three plays a year. The aim of the Masquers has always been to present the standard classic and modern drama. The plays selected have for the most part been those not frequently given by professionals in the local theaters. Qualification for membership was formerly based on participation in a play, but since 1914 there have been annual tryouts, and from these elections to the club are made. One of the fundamental standards of the Masquers is that membership shall be based absolutely on merit in dramatics. ■ ■ ■ I] ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER ■ ■ B C GARRICI ; CLVB THE GARRICK CLUB Founded 1914 Number of Members, 18 MEMBERS Stephen Baldwin, Jr. Paul Byers Kenneth S. Caldwell J. Bain Carey Theodore Cox Ernest C. Daley Lewis M. Daniel Walter W. Donley, Jr. Alfred Gausewitz Stanley H. Haynes Gordon Hyde Walter A. Jones Kenneth O ' Brien Robert A. Schmitt Walter J. Spriccs Arnulf Ueland Edwin H. Winter MiLDEN Way ■ ■ ■ ■ 3 ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C THE PLATERS THE PLAYERS OFFICERS Charles Gillen President Dorothy Seymour Vice-president Louise Leonard Secretary Clare Shenehon Treasurer Anna Helmholtz Phelan Faculty Advisor Ernest Fisher Director and Coach Dorothy Seymour Paul Storm Frank Moore Lillian Seyfried Charles Gillen Marguerite Kelly Edwin Winter James Notestein George McGeary Joseph Nolan Milo Flaten Alma Sidnam " PLAYERS " Dan C. Sullivan Marian Webster Clare Shenehon Louise Leonard Elizabeth Forssell Marian Gray Walter Donley Harold Gillen Clinton Boo Genevieve Copeland Clinton Smith Rose Pecor Elizabeth Odell WP P. f winter KELLY H. GILLEN MOORE NOLAN GRAY BOO SEYFRIED DONLEY STORM NOTESTEIN FARICY FORSSELL DR. PHELAN SULLIVAN SEYMOUR C. GILLEN LEONARD FISHER SIDNAM 3 U THE. GOPHER EXTENSION 1916 GREEN STOCKINGS (Produced by Masquers and Players.) CAST Admiral Grice . William Faraday Colonel Smith Robert Tarver Henry Steele . Martin James Raleigh . Celia Faraday . Madge (Mrs. Rockingham) Evelyn (Lady Trenchard) Phyllis Faraday Mrs. Chisholm Faraday (Aunt Ida) Raymond Gruetzmacher Milo Flaten Charles Gillen Paul Storm Paul Gillespie Paul Gillespie Sprague Townsend Hertha Goldsmith Margaret Gillespie Alma Sidnam Bertha Peik Monica Langtry DIARY OF THE YOUNGEST IN THE FAMILY May 28 — 1:00 A.M. — Winona — It ' s terribly late. Carrots (Margaret Gillespie) is sleeping — her big, blue eyes are so tired — I ' m so glad they ' re covered up now and resting peacefully. I can see her now. Winona is a lively town — I can hear the roosters crowing, and on the street below I can hear men sweeping their sidewalks, open for business. I should love to be so ambitious — but my pen won " t wiggle any more. Good night. May 29 — Paul Storm ate such a big pancake this morning. Pancakes must make boys strong and desperate. We ' re in St. Charles today. It ' s Al Wilson ' s town. His mother welcomed us to her city and told how much Alonzo liked the dear people at the University. We met one man on the street and he said, " As I hear — there ' s going to be a big turnout tonight. Gosh darn it! " Charles Gillen stubbed his toe jumping down from the stage door; it was about five feet, and I guess it must have hurt him, judging from what he said and then because he always sort of wiggles his shoe where his big toe is supposed to be. He ' s our leading man. I wish St. Charles would get a new opera house. May 30 — The play went " slick " except that the floor was so slippery that Celia and Aunt Ida sailed lickety cut with the rugs across the stage. New Ulm has a brewery — but we are good people from a nice institution, and besides Herr Koenig took " grosse Versicht ueber seine Kinder. " And we just got back — it ' s midnight now — from a two-storied denver sandwich with zwiebeln in it. That ' s when Gruetz smacked his lips. Mr. Skinner liked them, too, though his real line is art. Z3 1 ■ ■ ■ ■ THE. GOPHER June 1 — Oh! I skipped one day — but we ' re still all here. Sleepy Eye isn ' t very sleepy. Paul G. and Mike G. were exploring and found something " that ' s got the Oak Tree beat plum hollow — on looks and on good eats, too. Why, it ' s got regular booths — cute lights and everything. " June 2 — Minneota — We ' re all sitting on our belongings waiting for a 2:30 a.m. train — thus wearily I write. This town is very sophisticated (I learned that in freshman rhetoric) — their " Green Stocking " posters carried out the stocking idea like a hosiery sale advertisement, and the house was packed. Wasn ' t that funny? Alma Sidnam is looking so thoughtful sitting on her suitcase with her face in her hands. I wonder what she could be thinking about? Maybe it ' s about the finals she missed, but Milo Flaten knows a lot about " this grand amalgamation of wimin, " and he says, " Absolutely — nawthing — dew-ing. " Toot-toot — here come the steel cradles. June 5 — Halstad — We ' re 500 miles from yesterday and right on the N. Dak. border line. We all sat on it. It ' s a river, you know, and we sat on the rail of the bridge. It ' s a lot of fun to sit on border lines — especially of two such great states. Sid and Gruetz say, " Good point. " Prof. Pattison laughs, " Haw! Haw! " June 6 — Ada — This strenuous tapping off the miles is wearing on us. Paul Storm with the best of intentions came on the stage with bright red makeup on his eyebrows, one of which was a misplaced eyebrow. It caused the wildest gayety. (He is color-blind.) June 7 — Thru Crookston to Mackintosh — We went to a country ladies ' aid and were fed milk and doughnuts. That gave us strength for the play that night. We got up to the stage from out-doors with a 7-foot ladder. June 8 — Fertile — Arrived at 6:00 a.m. Paul Gillespie: " Where are all the people in this town? " Sprague Townsend: " They ' re both in bed. " I ' ve almost deserted my speckled diary. — It ' s June 11th and we ' re on the home stretch. It ' s 1 A. M. and we finished our last performance two hours ago. Just now we ' re sitting on our births scratching our cerebellums trying to straighten out our accounts, but we ' ve got the good feeling that we ' ve done a neat job covering twelve towns with green stockings, and we did it all for our " Great Institution. " Toot! — toot! — for Minnesota! THE. GOPHER MUSIC CLUB MUSIC CLUB Founded at Minnesota, 1913 Number of Members, 57 Purpose: To foster a general interest in all branches of music and to engender a feeling of good fellowship among all students taking music at the University of Minnesota. OFFICERS Ragni Sondercaard President Dorothy De Bar Vice-president Viola Gancestad Secretary Edith Cotton Treasurer CHAIRMEN OF COMMITTEES Dorothy De Bar Program Committee Edith Cotton . . . . . • . . . . Social Committee Irene Friedl Business Committee Stella Edelman Publicity Committee CRONAN chapman EVERETT ALBRECHT HANSON ADOLPHSON ELKEN PROBERT GREENBERC SCHALLER ROSS WATSON FRITSCHE ROBBINS BERRY COTTON SONDERCAARD De BAR GANCESTAD FRIEDL 542 THE GOPHE-R EUTERPEAN CLUB Florence Bell Irma Baker Helen Elken Naomi Field Audrey Borden Lillian Kane Maybelle Greenberc FIRST SOPRANO DiKKA BOTHNE Agnes Hanson Hazel Jamieson Helen Leavitt Adair McRae Racni Sondergaard Inez Grove Bertha Pike Mae Nelson Claire Hamack Helen Schmitt Edith Hanson SECOND SOPRANO FIRST ALTO SECOND ALTO Phoebe Swenson Ruth Jacobs Isabel Knopf Ida Shelley Claudia Hunt Margaret Schmitt Dorothy De Bar Grace Nelson Hortense Esterbrook Violet Fletcher Eleanor Olds Madeline Wilk Katherine Wise Florence Schilling Jennie Skurdalsvold Edith Jones Florence Brande Helen Sims LoRNA Wilson WISE BAKER JAMIESON JACOBS De BAR DICKSON HANSON ESTERBROOK KNOPP HUNT SONDERGAARD WILSON FEIK GREENBERC HAMACK SHELLY NELSON SCHMITT SCHILLING BOTHNE SIMS BORDEN ELKEN KENKEL McRAE H. SCHMITT GROVE THE- GOPHE-R ■ ■ ■ GLEE CLVB GLEE CLUB Number of Members, 25 OFFICERS Earl B. Fischer President Carlyle M. Scott Faculty Advisor Herbert Elwell Accompanist Earnest E. Golden . . ' . . . Director Malcolm A. Sedgwick Business Manager Stanley R. Mickelson Assistant Business Manager RuTCHER Skacerberc Secretary Fred V. Davidson Treasurer OLSON L. DAVIDSON HACEN KAMMAN RUMPF BOO TAYLOR JOHNSON WEST GROSS MILLER PFEIFFER KENDALL LORD ELWELL THORSON CEDDES RICHARDSON SKACERBERC FISCHER SEDGWICK MICKELSEN F.DAVIDSON 544 THL GOPHER ■ THE JAZZ BAND FIRST TENORS Fred V. Davidson Earl B. Fischer Harry Fullerton W. H. Hagen Milton M. Lord Earl C. West SECOND TENORS Clinton Boo A. C. Johnson H. S. Miller Harold E. Richardson Malcolm A. Sedgwick Rutcher Skagerbebg L. R. Davidson Donald Geddes FIRST BASS G. F. Taylor G. R. Kamman William Rumpf Howard Gross L. H. Ickler D. M. Kendall SECOND BASS H. A. Thorson L. J. Larson Stanley R. Mickelson R. H. Pfeiffer ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER UNIVERSITY SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA UNIVERSITY SYMPHONY ORCHESTRA Founded at Minnesota, 1914 OFFICERS Donald N. Ferguson . . . . . . Conductor Ferdinand J. Oldre President Henry G. Zanger Secretary-Treasurer Floyd Lyle Concertmaster FIRST VIOLINS VIOLAS OBOE Floyd Lyle Ralph Colby Alano E. Pierce Ferdinand J. Oldre G. Herbert Elwell R SSrtrt V Henry G. Zanger " William C. Forsberg VIOLINCELLOS W. E. Brooke Frederick Cook Alfred W. Bessesen " ' Chalmers Peter V. Masica Eugene Zanger HORNS Nicholas C Volkay e. Lester Brotherton Herbert N. Hendricks Milton L. More j-ranc Ingraham Joseph R. Miller Daniel H Bessesen ( C. Priester Walter J. Lee bjcc Sam Heiman „ TRUMPETS Paul S. Seaman Chas. G. Rahn (, Helming Peter T. Swanish SECOND VIOLINS FLUTE „ ..„ ., „ PC TROMBONE Marshall Hertig Chas. E Shepard Corinne sk Selmer a. Ramsey Bruce Mayo Russell M. Collins rr ji?ijvpti SAXOPHONE John W. Fishback CLARINETS Thomas 0. Van de Grift Clarence Moore Irl R. Davis Carroll W. Sherwin Roy F. Korfhage LIBRARIAN Grazia Corneal Harold Kirby G. Herbert Elwell II RELIGIOUS AGTMTIES l.liltllC-INI AHn THE GOPHER POWELL ROBB CHRISTENSEN EYLER SONTAG LUND WILSON POOLE GARNER TIMERMAN PEACOCK TAYLOR YOUNG MEN ' S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OFFICERS Hardin Craig, Ph. D Chairman Board of Directors Donald Timerman President D. Draper Dayton Treasurer Ralph H. Garner, M. A. . . . Executive Secretary Wm. J. Peacock, D. B Director Religious Education BOARD OF DIRECTORS Prof. Hardin Craig, Chairman Mr. Lewis S. Diamond, ' 09, Vice Chairman Mr. D. Draper Dayton, Treasurer Prof. E. M. Morgan Mr. W. F. Webster, ' 86 Prof. B. L. Newkirk Ed. D. Anderson, Md. ' 18 Dr. J. C. Litzenberc Norman A. Holen, A. ' 17 Prof. Charles P. Sigerfoos Rutcher Skagerberg, Gr. Mr. J. M. Anderson, ' 88 Harold H. Sontag, Gr. Mr. Wm. B. Morris, ' 91 Donald Timerman, A. ' 17 Rev. T. W. Graham CABINET Donald Timerman President Frank Taylor Vice-president Arthur Poole Recorder Frank Taylor Religious Meetings Oliver Powell Membership Donald Robb Foreign Students Emun Christensen Community Service Chester Whittier Missionary Alonzo Wilson Social Godfrey Eyler Chapel Harald Lund . . . Publicity Herbert Griffin Devotional Harold Sontag Bible Study THE, GOPH R ■ ■ ■ C THE Y. M. C. A. BUILDING CAMPAIGN THE campaign to secure funds for a new University Y. M. C. A. building, December 6-11, was a great success from the standpoint of achievement and demonstration of the " get-together spirit " on the part of students, faculty, alumni, and friends of the University. S60,000 was the amount needed to claim conditiona l gifts made by Mr. Rockefeller and citizens of Minneapolis and complete the total fund of $175,000, the amount desired by the Directors of the University Association. Fifteen student teams were organized according to colleges with three faculty teams and alumni teams in Minneapolis, St. Paul, Duluth, and other important centers. Everybody gave himself so enthusiastically to the movement, from Pres. Vincent down, that the money was easily raised within the time named. Good fellowship, excellent co-operation, hard and enthusiastic work according to a care- fully worked out plan made the achievement so successful. The leaders in the organization were as follows: GENERAL CHAIRMAN E. B. Pierce PUBLICITY COMMITTEE Wm. B. Morris, Chairman STUDENT COMMITTEE Herbert Miller, Chairman STUDENT CAPTAINS Chas. Paske, Dentistry Russell Thomas, Academic Max Herrmann, Dentistry Clinton R. Boo, Academic Wm. G. Dow, Engineering J. E. Dahlquist, Academic R. Skacerberg, Engineering Perry Dean, Academic Harry Acton, Law Harold Sontac, Academic C. Ehrenberg, Medical Alonzo Wilson, Academic Edwin A. Sweetman, Mines Wm. Higburg, Chemistry Robert W. Frank, Pharmacy FACULTY COMMITTEE Prof. Hardin Craig, Chairman FACULTY CAPTAINS Prof. Otto S. Zelner Prof. Hardin Craig Prof. A. E. Jenks ALUMNI COMMITTEE E. B. Johnson, Chairman MINNEAPOLIS CAPTAINS Webster Tallant Gordon Grimes Gregg Sinclair J. M. Anderson ST. PAUL CAPTAINS W. C. Smiley C. F. Forssell DULUTH CAPTAIN Philip Ray D ■ ■ i ■ THE GOPHER WITTE PHELPS EDSON KOLB SHAW De FLON UNIVERSITY FARM Y. M. C. A. Founded at University Farm, 1892 Number of Members, 425 CABINET Allen W. Edson Senior Commissioner Leland De Flon Junior Commissioner Charles Phelps Sophomore Commissioner Robert Shaw . . Freshman Commissioner ADVISORY BOARD Prof. W. H. Bender Chairman Prof. R. C. Lansing ...... Secretary William Boss Treasurer EXECUTIVE BOARD J. H. KoLB General Secretary W. L. WiTTE Associate Secretary 3 ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER CAMMACK YEliXA FERGUSON LEOiNARD JALk REKER FOBES WALLACE LEHMANN HUTCHINSON SWENSON EUSTIS HOSKINS YOUNG WOMEN ' S CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION Founded at Minnesota, 1891 OFFICERS Phoebe Swenson President Carolyn Wallace Vice-president Hattie Lehmann Secretary WiLMA EuSTis Treasurer CHAIRMEN OF COMMITTEES Carolyn Wallace Membership Committee Margaret Cammack Meetings Committee Louise Leonard Social Committee Katherine Fobes Voluntary Study Committee Wilma Eustis Finance Committee Gladys Reker Social Service Committee Grace Ferguson Publicity Committee Katherine Yerxa Conferences and Conventions Helen Jack Mission Finance Committee ■ ■ ■ ADVISORY BOARD Mrs. E. Dana Durand Mrs. E. S. Woodworth Mrs. Frank Warren Mrs. Norman Wilde Mrs. Frank P. Leavenworth Mrs. H. a. Erikson Mrs. J. B. Gilfillan Mrs. J. H. Gray HONORARY MEMBERS Mrs. Cyrus Northrop Mrs. H. T. Eddy Mrs. George E. Vincent Mrs. William Watts Folvpell ■ C THE GOPHER ■ ■ B C AGRICVLTVRE Y W C A AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE Y. W. C. A. Founded at Minnesota, 1913 Number of Members, 140 PURPOSE 1. To lead students to faith in God through Jesus Christ. 2. To lead them into membership and service in the Christian Church. 3. To promote their growth in Christian faith and character, especially through the study of the Bible. 4. To influence them to devote themselves in united eff ' ort with all Christians in making the will of Christ effective in human society, and to extend the Kingdom of God throughout the world. ADVISORY BOARD Miss Estelle Cook Mrs. R. B. MacLean, President Miss Grace E. Denny Mrs. P. J. Olson, Treasurer Mrs. Harry Kolb Mrs. Clarence Stewart Mrs. R. L. Lansing Mrs. R. W. Thatcher, Secretary CABINET Hazel Boss President Gertrude Chamberlain Vice-president Erma Madera Secretary Hazel Olson Treasurer CHAIRMEN OF COMMITTEES Hazel Olson Finance Committee Laura Randall Religious Meetings Committee Frances Lobdell Social Service Committee Irma Forbes Social Committee Ethel Crocker Voluntary Study Committee Mary Kate Campbell Publicity Committee 552 THE GOPHER JOYCE GIBBS ISAAC DEVERY THIEL COOK FOLEY REICHERT MORIARTY SMITH MULREAN STUDENTS ' CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION Founded at Minnesota, 1899 Number of Members, 487 Purpose: To bring into closer relationship the Catholic students in the University; to promote the moral and religious life of the University. BOARD OF DIRECTORS OFFICERS Rev. J. J. Devery Spiritual Director Timothy O ' Keefe President Gerald Barry Vice-president Mary Moriarty . . . . . Secretary Irene Foley Treasurer Lucy Gibbs Chairman Welfare Committee Leo Isaac Chairman Membership Committee George Cook Anna Mulrean Abner Donaghue Millard Smith Floyd Joyce Joseph Thiel ■ ■ ■ M R THE GOPHER THE NEW MILITARY DEPARTMENT By Major Moses SINCE the last issue of the Gopher the Military Department has been very much enlarged by the War Department. Under authority of the Act of Congress of June 3, 1916, the Board of Regents have asked for the establishment of a Senior Unit of the Reserve Officers ' Training Corps and the War Department has responded by estab- lishing an Infantry Unit, and has ordered a field officer for duty as head of the depart- ment, with three captains as assistants. There are also three active and three retired non- commissioned officers at the University. I The object is to train officers for the Re- serve Corps. The course is four years, the first two years ' training being compulsory for all physically fit male students; the last two years are elective, but once having been ■If entered upon, the student must carry them to completion, provided his work is satis- factory to the President of the University and the head of the Military De- partment. Having completed the course, every young man upon graduation is eligible for appointment in the Officers ' Reserve Corps and for appointment in the Regular Army as a temporary Sec ond Lieutenant for six months with a salary of $100.00 per month while so serving. In addition to the above, this University will have the appointment of ten second lieutenants yearly in the Regular Army until that organiza- tion has been filled to the strength authorized by the National Defense Act of 1916. Under normal conditions this should be accomplished in 1921. The pay of a second lieutenant is $1,700.00 per year, with an allowance for quarters, heat, and light. The course includes the fundamentals of the military service and requires three hours ' practical work per week during the four years and an additional three hours per week practical and theoretical work during the last two years. Many subjects are taken up which are of great value in any walk of life, especially to an executive, and principles of honor and loyalty are impressed upon the minds of the young men, which, if pr actised, will insure them success in any environment to which they may find themselves suited. Two camps of four weeks each are included in the course, and these should insure the graduates a physique which will be a great aid in establishing themselves in their selected profession or occupation. ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER THE UNITED STATES ARMY SERGEANTS STATIONED AT THE UNIVERSITY The United States Government furnishes them with field uniforms, pays all expenses to and from and during encampments, and gives them a daily allowance for subsistence during the last two years of the course. All of the young men who have found it practicable to enter upon the last two years of the prescribed course are enthusiastic, and it is believed the Department is in a fair way to become one of the most popular of the independent divi sions of the University. The College of Science, Literature and Arts now offers a complete four-year course to those who wish to specialize in military training, all the colleges are showing their good will, and it is believed that by another semester all will be co-operating in such a manner as to insure the success, in this University, of the War Department plan for securing officers for national defense. THE RIFLE CLUB THE, GOPHER LUHKIELD OKSINCER CADET COLONEL Theodore L. Socard CADET LIEUTENANT COLONEL GoRM LoFTFiELD Commanding 1st Battalion CADET MAJORS GuNTHER Orsinger Commanding 2nd Battalion Archie Knauss Commanding 3rd Battalion Victor A. Dash, Jr Commanding 2nd Prov. Rgt. CADET REGIMENTAL ADJUTANT Captain Donald Timerman BATTALION ADJUTANTS Cadet Lt. David Grimes .... 1st Battalion Cadet Lt. Elmer J. Croft .... 2nd Battalion Cadet Lt. John E. Dahlquist . . . 3rd Battalion Cadet Lt. H. W. Hartle .... 2nd Prov. Rgt. THE GOPHE R CADET CAPTAINS Arthur B. Poole Addison Douglass Philip D. Tryon Henninc Linden Herbert V. Hansen Everett Dirksen Elmer L. Mott Walter D. Luplow Harry G. Fortune Lawrence W. Marshall Edward B. Sherwood Claire L Weikert . Sherrill E. Robinson Mark M. Serum Arthur F. Dahlberc Herbert L. Montgomery Kenneth V. Riley . Regimental Q Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding Commanding •uartermaster Company A Company B Company C Company D Company E Company F Company G Company H Company I Company K Company L Company M Company A-2 Company B-2 Company C-2 Company D-2 CADET FIRST LIEUTENANTS Philip D. Didrickson F. Wray Aldenderfer Lincoln D. Holmes Mark Alexander Alexander Helmick Frank Hirschfield Floyd H. Friar Donald J. Bleifuss Roland C. Blessley Conrad G. Johnson James E. Mulligan Glenn H. Lyons Sam W. Robertson William A. Smith Oscar L. Rosenthal Herbert H. Von Rohr CADET SECOND LIEUTENANTS Conrad G. Hansen Chester J. Mattson J. Eugene Lysen Melville J. Peppard William Hicks Edward S. Gould George R. Lewis J. Fowler Hart Stanley Mickelson Alexander C. Mitchell Clarence A. Shannon Claire L. Flanders G. Persch David Lundeen Wallace A. Belstrom THE GOPHER Major B. A. Rose, Director UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA MILITARY BAND OFFICERS C. G. SwENDSEN Captain and Drum Major Guy McCuNE Principal Musician F. L. Anderson First Lieutenant G. M. Hicks Second Lieutenant C. A. Williams First Sergeant Lawrence Eckman SERGEANTS L. J. Seifert Carroll Sherwin E. G. Robertson CORPORALS Irving Purdy GoRDAN SpRACUE J. 0. JUVRUD Lloyd C. Anderson Leslie H. Anderson Douglas Anderson H. Aase Robert D. Berg E. K. Brunsdale K. E. Britzius C. W. Bierman Chas. B. Banc ,1. H. Bockler F. J. Brince G. A. Brandenborg O. B. Bergman RoYCE Chalmers L T. Dahlin L. W. Dahms E. S. Davies L. G. Engstrom c. a. evanson Wm. a. Fremd N. A. Faus PRIVATES R. M. FoLTZ L. L Gilbert H. G. Hamre A. H. Homme H. V. Heath G. C. Helming Milton Jacobsen r. f. korfhage D. M. Kendall Philip Levin E. W. Lampi Elmer J. Lillehei C. A. Mackenzie Guy C. McCune R. D. Myers C. E. Mansfield Jos. R. Miller J. W. Nelson L. A. NORDEN C. L. Nelson Silas C. Olson Paul W. Olson Ray C. Olson H. Milton Pino Roy O. Papenthien A. Pierce C. C. Roach Ivan A. Rustad M. E. Redmond Cecil J. Shea J. S. Schwartz W. C. Stillwell L. H. Smith Roy E. Stadler Chas. Shepard R. Taylor M. J. Townsend Frank Umbehocker Wm. a. Webster Harold S. Woodruff M. F. WiCKMAN ■ CZ THE GOPHER ZD SHERWOOD FRIAR GUJER TRYON GOULD HICKS NICKERSON FORTUNE BUFFINGTON ROBERTSON INGERSOLL MICKELSEN MONTGOMERY HANSEN ORSINGER OVERMIRE CRAIG TROENDEL UNIVERSITY CRACK SQUAD OFFICERS GuNTHER Orsinger Captain Harry G. Fortune Secretary Raymond E. Overmire Treasurer MEMBERS Roland G. Blessley Gilbert Buffington Stewart Craig Harry G. Fortune Edward S. Gould Elton H. Gujer Herbert Hanson William H. Hicks Richard S. Incersoll Stanley R. Mickelsen Herbert L. Montgomery Raymond E. Overmire Sam W. Robertson Neal Nickerson Victor H. Troendel, Jr. Richard M. Tryon Floyd M. Friar SUBSTITUTES Edward B. Sherwood the: gopher IS«»B rW R THE 1916 ENCAMPMENT SCENE I The Parade Ground before the Armory FIRST CALL! Assembly! The cadet companies fall into line promptly on the stroke of one, and the regiment of the Minnesota Cadet Corps is off for camp. Gray uniforms, neat leggings, haversacks swinging, the column pours across the Washington Avenue bridge and fills the line of chartered cars waiting at Seven Corners. A half-hour of joyous cheers and songs, directed from the windows toward the pedestrians along the way, brings the cars to the old Round Tower at the Fort. The regiment unloads and draws up in line along the tracks; the bugle sounds, " Forward, march! " and, led by Colonel Methven and the band, the thirteen com- panies of gray cadets parade down the line of buildings to where a long row of grim, deserted barracks awaits them. These barn-like buildings are to be their homes for the next eight days. It is with doubt and misgivings that the men throng into their quarters; beds are set up, mattresses and blankets procured, corners cleaned, and the barracks set in order for the week. At six o ' clock the regiment turns out for parade; the first mess is served amid the din of clattering pans and tin cups; and the Annual Encampment of University Cadets is on in earnest. 5«2 TH GOPHLR ii ilHiliiii SCENE II On Guard, at 1 A. M. — The Interior of the Guard-house " Captain, the man on Number One wants to know whether he should bring in any one who tries to run the Hues. He ' s holding a man for information. " " Tell him yes. Who is he holding? " " Captain Lentz, the commandant, sir. He tried to get past the sentry. " (Next speech deleted.) Enter private from signal corps. He salutes the Officer of the Guard. " Sir, Lieutenant Grimes wants me to bring him the key to the guard lines. Is it down here? " " You ' ll find that in the little store across the river. Tell the lieutenant the store is closed after midnight. Sergeant, see that this man gets back to his barracks. " Short rest, during which the men about the guard-house take short naps. The sentries are heard calling the hour: " Post number six. Two o ' clock and all is well! " " Post number seven. Two o ' clock and all is well! " Deep silence ensues. Finally a sentry creeps up to the man outside the guard- house. " Who goes there? " " Post number eight. It ' s two o ' clock, and everyt ' ing ' s all right! " H ■ ■ ■ ■ THE GOPHER The twenty-two prisoners in the interior of the guard-house snicker. The Officer of the Guard sleeps on. SCENE III The First Morning in Camp — Outside the Barracks, 5:45 A. M. " Fall in, there, you fellows! Reveille is going off in a minute! " Stray figures in gray, sleepy and yawning, tumble out of the door. Reveille sounds, and the band strikes up the national anthem. As the gun is fired, each company is represented by two or three full squads in front of the quarters. The sergeants call the roll, assigning the late-comers to kitchen duty, special detail, and so on. As the band ceases playing, and the companies are about to fall out, the last private dashes out from the barracks. The sergeant of his company nails him. " Report at headquarters in ten minutes. Sanitary squad duty. Last man out gets this every morning. " " Mess " lives up to its name in all particulars. Each company tries to forge into line ahead of the others, and an unearthly clatter of utensils sets up. Thump, thump, thump! Hungry men will not be quite so hungry after a week of the camp " mess. " Invincible bread, baked in the crude field-kitchens, and cut in two-inch slabs; stewed tomatoes, the standby of the army cook; the mysterious, ever-surprising hash, with its hidden wonders and culinary revelations; and that muddy concoction called D ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE- GOPHER " coffee " ; such is the welcome which the mess-hall extends to the hungry cadets. Prunes will greet them at lunch, and possibly roast beef, cut from the choicest bulls, at supper. Otherwise, they are already familiar with the traditional camp-grub. " Mess " and " grub, " — soldiers seem to have the knack of naming things as they are. After peeling their potatoes, over the skins of which the cooks have charitably poured a mess of gravy, and sawing the bread with knives of tin, the privates proceed to the washing-pans (otherwise recognized as ordinary garbage cans). No, they are not fishing with their pans; they are merely trying to swab off the grease from their pans. After a perfunctory cleaning of tinware, each private sneaks away to his bunk, where he sets out his greasy mess-kit for inspection, hoping against hope that it will dry off before his officer comes around. A few minutes later sounds the call for drill, and once more the leather-lunged first-sergeants bellow out: " Fall in! " Off moves the column of companies for the target-range, where rifle practice is in order. As each company passes the spring by the roadside, daring stragglers dash down with a dozen canteens apiece, leaping back into line when the lieutenant bawls, " Steady! " At the rifle-pits Montgomery greets them with the challenge, " Where ' s your pit detail? " (Only he doesn ' t say it just that way.) Passing the concrete parapet, the troops go on to the five-hundred-yard range, where each man THE GOPHER THE HEADQUARTKKS COMPANY is supposed to fire ten rounds at the targets. While one or two are firing, the rest lie around on the ground telling stories and " gassing. " After several men have shot, and the rest are getting impatient, the bugle blows, and back to camp they go. The long-limbed sergeants lead the way, with their enormous strides, in spite of the protests of the men of the smaller squads; and a few minutes after twelve, without stopping to wash up or rest, the men fall into line with their mess-kits at their sides. Clump! clump! clump! Another mess is on. cz D ■ ■ ■ ■ C THE GOPHER THE BUGLE CUKPS Inspection of Quarters, 1:00 P. M. " Hey, Rod, where ' s my fork? You took it this morning. " " Gimme that haversack. What ' d you do with your own? " " Shut up, you fellows! The major ' s coming. " Enter inspecting major, company officers, and adjutant, in solemn parade. Major rubs his thumb over the greasy kits, while the captain jots down demerits. " Stand at attention, Johnson! Hardy, where ' s your fork? You ' ll have to get the corporal to show you how to lay out your kit. " The inspecting force traverses the room, and files slowly out the door. The dormitory is left to the first sergeant. Let us draw the curtain over his remarks. They did their best, anyway. 2: 00 p. M. " Drill Call " sounds again, and the companies fall in for an afternoon of drilling in the hot sun, — just to fill in the gap between messes, so the men won ' t get bored. Corporal Smith develops a bad case of " sorum pedalis, " and is allowed to limp to the hospital tent. Rookie Everyman learns what the captain means by discipline. The spirit of poetry rises to every man ' s lips: " The non-commissioned officers are a dirty bunch of runts; They take us on the drill-ground and show us a lot of stunts. It ' s ' Squads right, ' and ' Squads left, ' and ' Left front into line, ' And then the measly officers, they give us ' double-time. ' " After three full hours of field work and company drill, the weary cadets tramp homeward again, and to what a prospect? Just another mess! Camp life begins to tell upon the unfit; only the sturdy survive. Once more the dirty pans are scoured, and then the bugles sound " Assembly " for parade. Dress parade demands the white collars, gloves, and leggings which have been discarded all day; drill coats must be donned, as well. Out on the parade-ground a huge army of giant " skeeters " lies in wait with hungry bills. The band takes an age to make its trip up the field and back; the hungry mosquitoes !!■■■■ THE GOPHER drop away, one by one, their appetites satiated; the companies pass in review in wavering lines; and the unlucky " company of the night " stages the formal ceremony of guard-mount. The rest of the boys are dismissed for the evening, and the dummy-line begins its ceaseless run. Carfares for the transit company take a sudden jump; and the camp is rapidly depopulated. " Taps " sounds at eleven; the men with passes straggle into camp throughout the night; and the guard-house slowly fills to capacity, and turns away all comers. A typical day at camp is over. SCENE IV The University Campus, Commencement Day, Eight Days Later The camp is broken. After a long march through the rain the night before, the regiment assembles for the last time upon the parade-ground. Forming in two thin lines of gray, it makes an impressive avenue of silence down which the Seniors pass to the Armory. At noon, the camp-kits are turned in and checked. Vacation is on. Camps may be held in the years to follow; they may prove exciting and of value to coming generations of cadets; but the 1916 encampment, held from June 1st to 8th, 1916, will hold a place forever in the annals of Minnesota campus history. Those who participated agree that " it just can ' t be beat; that ' s all! " THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ The University of Minnesota Cadet Corps engaged the invading army from St. Thomas College near Fort Snelling early in the after- noon of May 21st, 1916. With true Minnesota spirit our brave boys pressed forward. The band under Capt. Swend- seen captured one St. Thomas spy. ■ ' TF " COMPANY A. THE VETERANS OF THE REGIMENT :]■«■■ THE. GOPHER ■ ■ B C MINNESOTA CADKTS GUARDING THE STATE FAIK MINNESOTA ATHLETES CARRYING OFF THE BACON IN LLANO GRANDE MEETS ■ ■ ■ ■ d ■ ■ THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C BATTERY F BATTERY F is now a thing of the past as far as the University is concerned. Its history was short, but its achievements were many. It was mustered February 23, 1914. Drill commenced immediately under Captain Walter F. Rhinow. Such wonderful progress was made that at the time the battery went into camp at Camp Lakeview, Lake City, in June, a mark of excellent was awarded the battery by the regular army instructor. In June, 1915, the battery camped and drilled at Sparta, Wisconsin. On March 20, 1916, a squad of University men won the Bigelow Trophy for the battery for the best drilled gun squad in the battalion. Fort Snelling was the camp selected for the 1916 encampment. At this camp the battery won the cup offered by Major Leach for skill in tent-pitching. After a strenuous ten days ' course in artillery drill, the boys left for their summer occupations. Then came the Mexican trouble. On June 16, Secretary of War Baker issued orders for the mobilization of the National Guard. Battery F was mustered into the Federal service on June 30 and on July 19 left for Texas. For seven weeks in camp at Llano Grande, the men were given a taste of real army life as it is in times of inactivity. The battery was recalled in September and was mustered out of the Federal service on September 26, 1916. On order of Secretary Baker that all University militia units be dismissed. Battery F was mustered out of the State service also. Thus its history ended. THE GOPHER ■ ■ ■ C Dear Choppy:— Hardigan, Tex., July 24, 1916. After five days of southward rolling, we are approaching our as yet unknown destination. Rumor says, " Mercedes. " At any rate we are down in southern Texas. It has been a glorious trip. We enjoyed Pullman sleepers, several meals of cornbeef and beans per day, one railroad wreck, and several swims on the way down. As you will remember, you said " so long " to us at Fort Snelling on the 19th of July. Since then we have passed through six states and have seen many interesting things, including fields of cotton, of rice, of watermelons, and of tobacco, orchards of bananas and lemons, and oil fields. We stopped at a number of towns for coffee and exercise. Among these were Iowa Falls, St. Joseph, Topeka, and El Reno. At one southern town they donated to us a carload of big, juicy, delicious watermelons. At each stop we gave Minnesota and the University a lot of adver- tising. Art Gow would climb an oil tank or a fence and act as if he had the St. Vitus dance. Battery F would give the " Ski-U-Mah " and the " Locomotive " with vim enough to make an Anarchist National Convention look like a Quaker prayer meeting in comparison. Captain Rhinow has treated us splendidly. He gave us leave of absence for quite a while both at Dallas and at Houston. Did we have a good time? Aye, aye! I suppose you read about our wreck in the papers. Some miracle. Nobody in Battery F was hurt. Many of the fellows didn ' t even wake up when the shock came. That shows what kind of soldiers we are. S ' long. Harry. THE GOPHER Camp Llano Grande, Texas, August 3, 1917. Dear Choppy: — You have seen by the newspapers, I suppose, that we finally pitched camp at Llano Grande, three miles from Mercedes. And this is to be our home — for how long? Camp Llano Grande is a considerable portion of Texas real estate covered with row upon row of regulation army tents interspersed with streets and drill grounds. These light brown canvass shelters house some 20,000 men whose real homes are in Minnesota, Nebraska and Indiana. The climate is not feeling very well. We sweat tremendously, but the heat is no more oppressive than in Min- nesota. Sweat! Wow! It is dripping off the end of my nose now. I can just imagine the beautiful icicles which would form if it were winter here and it kept dripping this way. The climate and the mode of living make one very lazy. When we go to curry the horses, every fellow scrambles to get the smallest horse. Yes, " this is the life! " Do you know how the modern soldier serves his country? Where he finds it mixed with water, he wades in it for miles. He digs ditches, grubs trees, and chops brush. It is so exciting. He may at any moment scratch his nose with a prickly mesquite twig. Then in the evening he may go down to Broadway and look at the pie he might buy, if only Uncle Sam paid his soldiers regularly. Broadway, you understand, is the Nicollet and Hennepin of Llano Grande. Harry. ■ ■ ■ ■ THE, GOPHE-R Camp Llano Grande, Texas, Aug. 22, 1916. Dear Choppy: — We are now drilling under a regular army officer. We have only part of a full battery quota of horses as yet, but we are learning the trick of being artillerymen. We have field day every other Wednesday and some very interesting athletic events are staged at those times. Last Wednesday, Battery F beat the other batteries in the tug-of-war. Boxing and wrestling honors have been distributed variously. You should have seen Mara and Gillen in the 100 yard dash and the high jump. Singing in the moonlight around a mandolin or a ukulele is another military recreation. We are suffering greatly at present! Why? t)h, we are broke — broke as only men with civilian appetites and soldier pay can be. Our pay was due eighteen long and cheerless days ago, but the government is still drawing interest on our monev. Talk about " light occupations " — give me that of the army paymaster. Last Sunday a number of us fellows " hiked " down to that famous moving boundary line — the Rio Grande — a dirty, yellow streak of disappointment. And there was Mexico, the land of bull-fights, senoritas, tarantulas, revolutions, and chili-con-carne. But it was nothing, only a deserted mud bank jutting out from a neck of woods. " When are we going home? " is an interesting question around here now. About this center revolves every conversation, every rumor, every action. This life is too aimless to be interesting. How do the Twin Cities look these days? Harry. THE GOPHER Camp Llano Grande, Texas, Sept. 9, 1916. Dear Choppy: — Well, we are still here though it is growing close to the time when the University opens its doors. We continue the same ambitionless routine as before. The glory of war consists of " cactus and flies, and mesquite, shovels and axes and picks. " We have just finished a road across the swamp down below camp. It was a " soft job: " we sank to our knees in the mud. The most exciting thing that happens here is when, at the hour of midnight, some adventurous tarantula promenades across the corn beef store-room of one ' s anatomy. Staff King is still writing poetry, Fritz Kaiser continues to make an art gallery of our mess hall; and Jack Dalton says grace before, after, and during meals. Some of us boys went down to Point Isabel last Saturday and took a dip in the Gulf of Mexico. The Gulf makes a pretty good swimming hole. Well, John, it is a rather unexciting life, but I ' ll admit we ' ve had two cases of excitement down here of late. A couple of days ago we had pay day. Pay day — long looked forward to, almost despaired of, finally attained! In the morning " pay day call " was sounded and the camp went wild — all for a fifty-cent- a-day pay day. " Pay day call " is popular music in this corner of the world. But best of all, we have received orders to leave for Minnesota. Just think of that. Minnesota! If you could only realize what heavenly music that is! Minnesota and home! So I hope to see you soon. Harry. THE GOPHER Of all the pleasant memories which will remain with the Bat- tery F boys, none will be more pleasant than that of their splendid Captain, Walter F. Rhinow. He was the best friend of every fel- low in the Battery, and the fact that he was captain did not inter- fere with his effort to make everything as pleasant for " F " as he possibly could. Hats off to Captain Rhinow ! He is a true soldier. I WALTER F. RHINOW BATTERY SONG Over hill, over dale. As we hit the dusty trail. Let those caissons go rolling along. Up and down, in and out. Counter-marching, left about. As those caissons go rolling along. It ' s a grand Hi-ray, For " F " Battery, Let us shout out the letter loud and strong. Till our final ride. Let it always be our pride. That those caissons go rolling along. Keep them rolling, yes those caissons a-rolling along. Battery halt! ■ t =!■■■■ ■ I C i; ■ V nil 1 1 !A! ilil % The Greatest Nuts of All the Campus Make Material Exclusively for the JUNIOR RAM Presenting The World Famous Aggregation EACH A WORLD ' S LEADER THE JUNIOR RAM The Junior Ram VOLUME ONE PUBLISHED ONLY ONCE NUMBER NONE Entered at the University Post Office as first class matter under the Minnesota Libel Laws. EDITED BY MARBOR MUROD VAN FLAYRE Price $3.00. A copy of the 1918 Gopher free with each Junior Ram. WHAT WE OFFER YOU ADVERTISING It does not pay a cent. EDITORIALS What people ought to think. CURRENT LITERACHUH, 10,000 Volts Ye Fairy Princess — A story of the (k) night. Ice Pie — A fit of mental indigestion. Adventures of Carlsbad — we could not figure it out — try it. Other Stuff by Miss Selaneus. DRAYMA AND ART Things not worth while. SCIENCE Darwin was right. JOCULAR MECHANICS St. Patrick was an Engineer, but who was St. Patrick? FREE LEGAL ADVICE Worth the price. THE EDITOR ' S WASTEBASKET Saved by the business manager. THE JUNIOR RAM We had some difficulty in learning Johannes Gottfrieds style of mathematics but we guess that it is all right. Then too we must admit that J. G. E. has all the infant prodigies that we know backed off the boards. Truly he is a born business man. iOinnrtota amin« fiu at AI|il)8 (£au (9mrga toi8 m m. » ■ e. tHinmaroUs, iHrnn. ' 7 THE JUNIOR RAM OUR POLICY In publishing the Junior Ram, it is our intent to deceive, defraud and malign the university public to the full extent of lawlessness. If you see yourself as we see you, we trust that the popularity of potassium cyanide as a means to your end will grow beyond all bounds. Be you a lazy, fussing, frittering student of S. L. A.; a sod -busting, hay-heaving Ag; a drudge of an Engineer, unsmooth behind the ears; a social onion of a Miner, versed in naught but the lore of the pick and the shovel; a pill-dispensing, general-store-clerk of a Pharmacist; a potion-prescribing, puerile pretense of an M. D. ; a knowledge-at-any-cost-education-be-damned aspirant to teach ; a bungling Architect of bunglehouses ; a tricky misconstructor of the tenets of law and order; a common lumberjack, called by the superficial conventionalities of politeness a Forestry student; a meddler among molars, always looking down in the mouth; a pseudo nurse; a food-spoiling, crumb-eating Home Economist; in short, no matter who or what you are, allege, or claim to be, it is our intent to reduce some of your collosal avoirdupois of conceit, and to attempt to let the information percolate through your dense crust of ivory that ye are not the salt of the earth. With malice to all, and charity to none, we shall proceed to our most pleasant duty. MacDuff, where shall we lay on first? OUR TRAINING SCHOOL We have too many students in the University. This lament has often been heard. Well, let ' s kick ' em out. What are these students here for, anyway? You say, " To wrestle with knowledge " ? Wrong again, whoever you are. No, the students are here merely to give poorly-paid teachers something to practice on, so that they can get remunerative jobs at Yale and Harvard. Then why not oust all students, save those mentally inert, for by teaching these a proficiency will be acquired second only to such a proficiency as could teach dancing to angleworms? Then, we would have a real training school with a reputation as such, and a minimum of students to interfere with the real object of our institution. Let us make the blue slips as common as the driven snow. A SAVING AND A CONVENIENCE It is well that girls wear their hats on top of their heads. Such torso-encircling headpieces as men have adopted would be far too small for some of these momentarily -popular campus queens after a month ' s residence here. With some men, this necessity for change of headgear must be a great expense, for the affliction is common to both sexes. AS THE SUBJECTS OF THIS SECTION SEE US THE JUNIOR RAM MARBOR EXPOSES HIMSELF am He of the mysterious name, Marbor Murod Van Flayre. set the grinds at a guessing game That for publicity beat Vanity Fair! Placard and Daily sang of the fame Of the " Feature King " — yours truly, the same, Marbor Murod Van Flayre. Notv since you ' ve puzzled in vain. And my days are o ' er. And some of you have gone insane Wondering who " Van " stands for, Vll tell you the facts that still remain In the tale of Marbor and his mysterious train. My first is in " Mar-kham, " A reporter, they say. He reports in his classes When he feels — that way. My second is in " Bor-den, " Miss Audrey — you ' ve guessed it. She knew so much gossip, John couldn ' t resist it. " Mu-rry, " the Iron Range, Fairbanks, comes next; To read of her lectures Is like reading text. My next is in " Rod-lun, " Plain " Rod " for short. Dolling up family skeletons Is his own indoor sport. And " Van " is for " Sulli-van, " King of the laugh. He ' s the campus comedian And the head of the staff. " Flayre " was first " Fayre, " Reduced from " Fairbanks, " But Mike put the " I " in When he joined our ranks. N.B. He did not put much " L " in. THE JUNIOR RAM WAR! Do You Want WAR? Socialists Do Not Why? Muriel Fsiirbanks University Graduate - Noted Lecturer WILL SPEAK AT The City HaU TONIGHT AT EIGHT O ' CLOCK Ladies Especially Are Invited. (We pinched this poster from Lake City) 0 -iil, ' -» THE JUNIOR RAM You shall not Covet, says the Good Bible Neither should you Believe all Stories that are told YE FAIRY PRINCESS It so happened that during the last year of the reign of King George The Efficient there was said to dwell near the boundaries of the realm of that most noble monarch a princess pos- sessing a degree of beauty about 1,300 degrees Centigrade above what is known as passing fair. Her ravishing pulchri- tude was extolled beyond all bounds of earthly conception by those who claimed to have beheld this charming enchantress. Indeed the talk of the ale house, the gaming parlor and of the festive board concerned naught but the grandeur of her ladyship ' s comeliness. By and by, tales of this fair maiden were wafted to the ears of many of King George ' s Knights, loyal and bold, and there were many who professed desire to lay conquest for my lady ' s favor. By some it was said that the fair princess was possessed of a spouse, from other tongues the legend came that through due process of law she had not; still others asserted and main- tained that her spouse was a knight, engaged in (k) night work. Ahoi Jean Catches a Sucker! So it befell, that several of the bold- est of the knights banded together for the purpose of seeking out and laying siege to the heart of the mysterious princess. Among these were Sir Ver- non The Red, Sir Frank The Fleetfoot, Sir Claire The Short, Sir Norman, Knight of the Pen, Sir Roland The Bud, and Sir John of — (censored). Under the guidance of a trusted emis- sary several of these knights, tried and true, each made their way to the dark castle wherein dwelt the object of their wooing. The Old Man Appears Many and varied were their several experiences, and thrilling the tales of their treatment at the hands of her terrible spouse, for spouse there proved to be. By some he was related to have two heads and a legion of hands and feet; by others he was a dragon breath- ing fire. It is said of Vernon The Red that he lay shivering in the dungeon of his castle for a day and a night, refus- ing all proffered food and comfort. Some say that Frank The Fleetfoot was suddenly given wings wherewith to make his escape. Sir Claire The Short being pursued to the very moat of his rampart s wooned and felt all being lost. Sir Norman but meagerly eluded cap- ture. Sir Roland ' s adventures remain clouded in a mist of secrecy, but of Sir John of — it is related with vehement truth that he mounted a swift yellow steed of neither flesh nor blood and escaped to the safety of his own prov- ince. Moral: It ' s a long lane that has no alley, — if you ' re in a hurry. THE JUNIOR RAM VISITIN ' ROUND THE CHAPTER HOUSES By Carryoll Stories. D K E You Dekes believe in close association With J. Barleycorn and all his jolly crew ; You take in every man and his relation. But not a single one of them gets through. You excel in all branches of athletics. And though you are considered rather rough. You love the little dears that use cosmetics. You captivate them with your line of bluff. PSI U Your Psi U house looks like a livery stable. It ' s big enough to house ten thousand men. We can ' t quite see just how that you are able To ever get a rushee back again. You care not for enticing dreams of Co-Eds, They do not interest you in the least. We know that here you are a bunch of doughheads But you ' re jolly ripping frat boys in the East. CHI PSI You Chi Psis aim to make yourselves exclusive, " Conservatism " is the cry you spread abroad. Your pin you wear so modestly elusive From indifferent gaze of we of common sod. Your call resounds to all of us so blatant. We think of it as only much hodge-podge. We wonder why you don ' t take out a patent On every brother, and on your so-called " Lodge. " PHI GAMS You Phi Gams have a new attractive dwelling For building it, we say you were quite rash. You take in any man who says he ' s willing With his bid to put up fifty dollars cash. You ' re extremely smooth — -your talk is most convincing On subjects that pertain to politics. You ' re not diplomats, in your words there is no mincing But with women you stand and gawk like micks. ZETA PSI You Zeta Psis are known as social rotters. You ' re always mixing in the social whirl. You have a fast, high stepping bunch of trotters But your difficulty is to get a girl. The Gamma Phis, you ' re nearby right hand neighbors. To the left of you reside the Alpha Phis But that does not alleviate your labors For you can ' t be seen by any one of these. THE JUNIOR RAM ARTICULATION OF A KISS This is a process of making the lips adapt themselves to exact positions by throwing the labials into lateral occlusion and pressing them together, first gently and then more repeatedly firmly. It can be put into advantageous execution only after certain hours and during periods of calm which usually precede the storm. The left Guide Pin is now raised about 1 M.M. out of contact with the inclined plane and the Set Grip tightened. Slight pressure is again exerted. The excess pressure is then released and returned to a position of central occlusion and pressure is again exerted in the relation of the labii. Pressure is then made with the labial parts interdigitated. They are then returned to the position of central osculation and pressed together. By this time it will be necessary to lift the Incisor Guide Pin another milimeter out of contact with the Inclined Plane and tighten the Set Grip. A third lifting of the Pin will bring the upper and lower anteriors into proper osculating relations. A few points require especial attention during this process: First of all, the standards should be well based so that there be no oscillating possible. This will secure firmness of process. The lips must be held on the facial surface against the tendency to slide which results from improper lateral occlusion. No sliding movements should be made during this operation. The lips are usually not accurately adapted, and such movements will merely dislodge them. If automatic articulation is properly carried out, it establishes in a few moments relations which most of us have spent hours seeking to establish by other methods. It adjusts the inclinations of the several grooves to the movements of the mandible of the articulator. Automatic articulation also rotates the teeth on their vertical axes to afford the most satisfactory relations with the opposing mandibles. The intelligent artist who masters the slight technic of this operation will appreciate more than ever the skill with which Prof. Sirich applies the idealistically theoretical method. When the process of automatic articulation has been completed, the lips should be in the most advantageous positions, which can be secured by moving each mandible as a whole. The osculation must be completed by gentle rotational pressure. There seems to be a general impression among expert operators that the need for rotation is evidence that the lips are not correctly formed, and that if they were rightly formed no rotation or gentle pressure would be needed. Such an idea is a mistake. In conclusion, experts agree that ultimate success depends on proper diplomatic effort as well as directed scientific effort. THE JUNIOR RAM FOUND IN PROF. JAMES ' ROOM ' ' ' lV ' - THE JUNIOR RAM ED UCA TION The Editors of The Junior Ram do not take any credit for the following. It is too original to have been the Brain Child of Marhor Murod Van Flayre, and besides we are not School Teachers. " Why is it easy to get through Summer School? " " Because there are so many school teachers going, and an ordinary stude is brilliant by comparison. " THE JUNIOR RAM MMi Are these the White Sox on their spring training trip or is it The Who Chirped in Club having its picture taken By Paul Big Breeze and Bertha High Up In The Air? IT WAS SUGGESTED THAT WE CALL THIS PICTURE " GENTLEMAN IN THE PARLOR " BUT WE CAN ' T SEE ANY GENTS IN THE PLACE ■k ' IV. ' — THE JUNIOR RAM THE J, B. PRESIDENT AT PLAY YENS YENSEN ' S SON YENS YENSEN BLOWS IN Val, har ay ban in Minapolis agen fer first time in tirty year. Ay comen all de vey from Anoka to see my boy Olaf. Olaf he ban taken law over to de unaversty, so ay go over to das har Minnesoota union to look fer him, for he say he must yoin das union and ay like to hav him be union man so he cant play pool over 8 hours a day. Val Olaf aint around anyplace but ay see dis faller his pa for fifty year and Yon he show me vere is das law scool and he tell me to comen back later and tell his gofer vat ay link of it. So ay go over and ay dont see nobody around so ay go in de first dore ay comen to. Val about sexty fallers is sittin around and von guy is all alone up in front. He say somevon goes down to a bank vid a check for honderd dollar and find der faller vot give him it has only got 75, so he dig up 25 more and get it cashed. Den he ask can he do dis Hulzen. Den a big faller say he aint sure but he read a story in a red book some- tin like it and it vas notting doing. Yust den a bell vos ringen and everybody starts a runnen and ay ast var iss der fire, but a faller say it aint no fire only a our is up. Out in de hall ay find Olaf lookin on de wall to see vot is his lessen for de next our. He tal me he is going to hav property so ay say ay will go and see it. Das har vance feller comes in and ay tank his front name bane dean. He tell de boys dat a feller vos putten up a mill and a dam ven along comen A and turns avay all de vater in das stream so none is comin to das mill and he say mester Bolsta has A got eny licenses to do das and Bolsta he say right avay no sir not by a dam site. Ay dont lik das svearen bisness so ay go out. Ay aint hungry yet and anyhow ay vant to take Olaf along to eat so ay go into a room vare ay heard some awful holerin goin on. It vas only a little bit of faller wid a blu sute and black hair THE JUNIOR RAM and ay tank he vas hurt purty bad cuss he kept on holerin. Ay ast von of de boys vot it vas and he say it vas practice. Purty soon de boys move up some tables and ay here it is going to be a trial. 2 yung fallers vas de lawyers but ay dont tank ay vud trust any of em if ay vas up fer killen sombody. A bunch of kids vas sitten around and sex of em had to stay and be de yury, and ay hear dey vas freshfellers. It commenced and a feller wid a musstash vas de first vitness. Von lawyer says master Mikel vot is your name. Right avay de oder lawyer butt in and say he obyect cuss it is hearsay and de little feller vot is yudge he say it bane sustaned. Den de lawyer says mester Mikel vare vas you born and de oder feller yump up agen and say be obyects cuss he is a mason and it aint no foundation to show he is born yet. Later on bote lawyers talk to de yury which is sleeping and chewing spearhad and one of em named Amundsen is spitting out de window. After de yury has ben out for five minnits it comes in and says it bane unanimus for de negative and it goes. Den de little yudge he tell de oder fallers it bane a cinch they need de practice and he has tride lots of rotten cases befor but not such a rotten von as dis vas and by yumping yimminy he tank he better go to yale himself. With the Freshman Laws Dean Vance: " Now suppose, Mr. Rogstad, that you and I are going to a party. For a lark, I take your overcoat and throw it into the furnace, where it is destroyed. You swallow your pride temporarily, but plan revenge. At the next occasion you take my silk hat and throw it into the furnace. Now what are my legal rights against you? " Mr. Rogstad: " You can sue me for damages and recover the difference in value between your silk hat and my new overcoat. " Common-Law Pleading Prof. Morgan: " Gentlemen, you, no doubt, all know that this course is a study of technicalities, dry, obsolete, of no earthly good to anyone and not used in practice anywhere, etc., etc. But be that as it may, the fact remains that it is absolutely essential to get by in this course before you can get your degree, and for that reason it is necessary to get right down and read these cases thoroughly or this course will prove to be disastrous to you. " (After passing over and remark- ing briefly on a few cases) : " Mr. Grottom, will you take the next case, please? " Mr. Grottom: " I have not got the next case. " Morgan: " Have you any cases? " Grottom: " No, sir. " Morgan: " Then why specify? Mr. Lundeen, will you take the case? " Lundeen: " This is a peculiar case, etc., etc. " (tries to stall, but doesn ' t get away with it) . Morgan: " Gentlemen, you must read your cases more thoroughly. With all due respect to Mr. Miller, I tell you that this is not like reading the Daily. Look at that declaration in trespass closely so that you will recognize it should you ever meet it again, or it might spell disaster to you. " " Now this plea of Liberum Tenementum is an elastic plea, etc. It got started when ownership " THE JUNIOR RAM According to The A thleticA uthori- ties Northrop Field is not a Dance Hall What about it, Flaten? Who Have We Here! Hall, Howard Lewis, B. A. ' 15. Was a mem- ber of the Minnesota team that won a unanimous decision over Iowa in 1914. Mr. Hall ' s entrance into debate is extremely interesting — ousted from the Minneapolis Central High School in his sophomore year for poor deportment, he was permitted to return only on condition that he distinguish himself in some commendable activity. He did it in debate, and became a member of the victorious team of Central High School in 1911. Upon entering the University he soon became a member of the Forum, being upon the team of 1913; also made the sophomore debate team, and for three years was an active participant in extension debating. Mr. Hall has also been a success in business, having a finan- cial and active interest in several motion picture theaters, both in Minneapolis and Chicago. Though his business interests have taken a large share of his time he is still active in University work, and is now pursuing graduate work for the degree of M. A. Member of Delta Theta Phi law fraternity and Delta Sigma Rho, hono- rary debating fraternity. Home is in Minneapolis. N. B. Clipped from the Alumni Weekly, De- cember 13th, 1915. THE JUNIOR RAM A huge war plot on the part of the chemists has been discovered! All other Colleges are to be Gas -bombed so school of Chem- istry can have Six New Buildings for Five more students. EXTRA Casualties Reported School of Mines Closed Two Frame Dwellings Moved iinLsk THE JUNIOR RAM A Horrible Analysis Oh! the Chemist ' s life is simple, He has nothing else to do, But to go and read his " Daily " When his short day ' s work is through. If he needs to make a pattern Or to ram a mold or two That is purely pastime, surely! I will leave it all to you. But before he can read his " Daily, " If he needs to draw three hours. Why! his work is nearly done. Needs but take a dozen lectures Then in Chem ' stry do " run, " And when he has checked it over He may go and have some fun. Eight o ' clock he ' s in Mechanics, Easy class (?) ask any one. Draws a simple little gearing That would puzzle Merrill some. Takes a quiz in it on Friday To be told his work is " bum. " Nine o ' clock he ' s in Dynamics, In the dear old physics room. Where the year before as Soph ' more He encountered naught but gloom — Sees no reason for the statement Where the author says, " Assume That hydrogen is twenty, Ninety-five fill a balloon. " Ten o ' clock sees him in " German, " Reads a story there of class, Translates, " Wunderschonen Madchen " As a " Wondrous bright eyed lass " Asks his grade of his professor And is told he may not pass. At eleven he sees " Doc " Harding, E. P. looks at him and snorts, " Do you never study? Goodness; You ' re below in all but sports! If you can ' t do your work better We will plow the tennis courts. " And after working in the Lab all af- ternoon. At six o ' clock he starts to study. Vows he ' ll stay at it till dawn. Eventually he does get sleepy And at 1:00 begins to yawn, 4:00 A. M. he ' s nearly finished. He is through when light comes on. — So we say, " Believe me, Papa, A Chemist ' s life is not all song. " 1 THE JUNIOR RAM r MODCRN -frcnoe M;:: »iil£i Jw " S " ' oh Igor Tt tCy -PONT po IT -nta r ww in oug Jito .Store. ' yl Lecture in Organic Pharmacy After the Dean has read the weekly calendah, After Sugarman and Sundry are through " matching, " After Wong has taken a fresh piece of Amelican gum, After " Shake " has spit several times, After we have all decided what we are going to have for lunch. The Dean says — " Slop Heah. " That constitutes a lecture in Organic Pharmacy. llfcS! BERK TELLl.NG SOLI " HOW I ' KETTV HE IS THE JUNIOR RAM j-ii Tl c vfAjet KFg ' ie, How does Stein take married life? Frank and Distad, who have had ex- perience, say — " According to his wife ' s directions. " Dr. Newcomb, in Materia Medica: " Amberg, what is the dose of strych- nine: Amberg: " 1-64 grain. " Doc: " Would you give more, say one grain? " Ammy: " Yes, I ' d give it once. " Doc: " Yes, just once. " Prof.: " Mr. Sugarman, in what preparation is lead used? " Sugarman, his mind wandering: " Why, in lead pencils. " (And the class wonders how he gets by.) Dr. McCloud (in a first aid lecture) : " Never use peroxide for washing a fresh wound. " Taylor: " Why, all the physicians use it. " Dr. McC. Taylor: Minot. " " Oh no, not all. " ' Well, the doctor up in For Pharmacists Only What official drug would you name if you wanted to warn a little picka- ninny that his mother was going to give him a whipping? Why hydrastis, (Hide Rastus) of course. Dr. Newcomb: " Mr. Lee, what is the dose of tincture of iodine? " " Soup " Lee (bouncing) : " Him no give too muchee dose, inside. " THE JUNIOR RAM Says Mike to Paul, ' Til Buy ' Says Paul to Mike, ' You ' re On " rnOMlNENT MEMBERS OF THE EXTENSION OUTFIT SEEING BROADWAY IN PODUNK CENTER AMBERG AND FLANDERS DISSIPATING AFTER CAROUSING AT THE PHARMACISTS ' SUNLIGHT THE JUNIOR RAM Why Men Join the Marines Common Mud- Three little Junior girls sat all in a row. They were Alys, Maybelle, and Mae. They were seated in Row C, cen- ter aisle of the Met gallery. The sob scene of the second act of " Common Clay " had just been hidden behind the curtain, leaving the poor wronged hero- ine in the vicious villain ' s grasp. " Wasn ' t that just swell! " gasped Maybelle. " Didn ' t it just take your breath away? My! " " No, really, girlie, you don ' t think so, " corrected Alys. " That was too melodramatic. Why, that was all it was, just melodramatic. Now girls wouldn ' t act that way in real life, would they, Mae? " " Oh, I don ' t know. I think that kind would. You know, those that are just a little bit, ah — you know. Of course, us girls " " Why, Mae, don ' t talk that way. We girls never would be that way, ah — you know. And you really can ' t blame girls like her, ah — you know, kind of — of, well, you know. That ' s all they can do, you know, beg and weep. They don ' t know how to do anything else. " " Well, what I can ' t understand, " quoth Maybelle, " is why men like that kind of girl. You know how it is. Not really bad, you know, but kind of — you know — . " " Yes, that fluffy-duffy kind. Girls, you know of — of, questionable charac- ter. You never know whether they are, oh, you know, whether they are, ah — you know, or, or all right. " " Well, I ' ll tell you, the men like that kind for a while, you know, just to play with and have a good time with, you know, but when they come to get mar- ried, they want one like us, you know, one that — " " Yes, that was just what George was telling me last night. We were alone, you know, and he said, ' Maybelle, it ' s girls like you that keep a fellow living the life I am, ' and I know he ' s not — ah, you know, — like some fellows are, even if those Kappas do say so. " " Ahhuh. Are you going to the Junior Ball with him? " " Uhhuh. I think I ' ll go with Bob. " " What you goin ' to wear? " " That pink georgette, you know, with roses on and all. What you goin ' to wear : " Oh, I am going to have a new one all— " But here the reporter threw away his pencil, tore his hair, groaned " 0 Hell! " and ran up to the top of the gallery and kicked the wall to express his senti- ments of coeducational higher learning. THE JUNIOR RAM THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA LAW SCHOOL Professor Lorenzen SALES January 30, 1917 Four hours allowed. State conclusions first, give all reasons concisely, and discuss all points involved. If authorities are in conflict, discuss conflicting rules with special reference to Minnesota authorities. If more facts are required, explain how different findings in regard to them would affect the case. 1. A, the owner of some bull, shipped ein und zwansig crates of salve to B, a dealer in hieroglyphics, with orders not to do so until directed to be sold. B stored the beer under his belt, and C, a gratuitous bailee, took a sandwich from Carney ' s in his own name. Advances were made on the cow, and there is no evi- dence that A authorized C to pledge the swine at the time he didn ' t do it. B later transferred the receipts to D as collateral security for a J. B. pasteboard. What are X ' s rights? You may waive the question as to whether or not what it is, but who gets the horse? 2. A schooner starts on a precarious journey from behind the bar in Hinky Dink ' s toward the safe and permanent harbor of a bona fide purchaser for value. A tramp ship cuts in and attempts to waylay the aforesaid schooner, but is run into in the stern. The bouncer walks out to see (sea). Now, suppose the vessel runs somebody over. Assume there was no negligence on the part of the railroad com- pany. Who discovered America? a. Under the Common Law. b. Under the Sales Act. C ' ■iV — THE JUNIOR RAM With Apologies to R. L. S. In winter we get up at night, And dress by gas or ' lectric light; While others, snoring in their beds, Pull up the blankets o ' er their heads And take another snooze or two. But for poor nursie that won ' t do. In summer quite the other way; We have to go to bed by day, And see the others on the street. Go passing by, sweethearts to meet. We have to say good night at ten To visitors, both maids and men. Twi nkle, twinkle, little light. How I see thee in the night. Is it or a drink? It is maybe both, I think. Nursery Rhymes Sing a song of nursing. The best profession yet. We always must remember, And never may forget. When the course was opened. As probes we went to work. Now wasn ' t that a dandy chance To let the seniors shirk? The seniors in the diet kitchen. Eating buttered toast; The probes in the corridor. Keeping clear the coast; The internes in the laboratory. Counting out the germs, Along comes a staffman. And brings them all to terms. As the Note Book Tells It Be sure to disinfect the hands well with lysol before putting them into general use. In giving a cold sponge, sponge from the top of the neck to the tip of the toe, standing in the central portion of the bed so that you can do so easily. THE JUNIOR RAM I REMEMBER, I REMEMBER By Tom Hood Jr., M.D. I remember, I remember The hospital where I was born. The little nurs ' ry where the sun Came peeping in each morn. He always gave a wink at me And at the other kids, Who lay in baskets in a row Like logs upon the skids. I remember, I remember We babies all had fits To find before we came to earth We all belonged to " Litz " ; And then without a word from us Or any bond or pledge, We found as soon as we were born We all belonged to " Sedg. " I remember, I remember The nurses blue and white, Who bathed us all each morning And tucked us in at night; The doctors and the interns. And the fellow — such a freak — , Who put a rubber in my turn And made my hunger speak. I remember, I remember — And angry still I am — For they laid me in a balance And fed me by the gram. Oh! then I wished that I was grown And no one was around, So I could lose those metric weights And get it by the pound. I remember, I remember The tag upon my back. And so they knew us each from each Like volumes in a rack. And now I am a great big girl. My mama ' s " pride and joy " — But if they ' d got the labels mixed, I might have been a boy. 9p prp Nursery Jokes If you want to make Inez Johnson hot, go to Helen Baker. If M. A. should forget to give a sip py diet, would the patient Missis- sippi diet? Y " " ' V f-.J . C: t THE JUNIOR RAM " I wonder who this big stiff is anyway? " " Feet " (A Lecture to Art Hawkins.) Dr. Hirschfelder, upon seeing Art Hawkins sitting comfortably in the front row, his feet very much elevated on a stove, said: — " When I was traveling on the con- tinent I visited an art gallery at Rotter- dam. It contained many Rembrandts — you will recall that some of his best works deal with medical subjects — in fact one of his best known paintings represents a demonstration in anatomy. In an out-of-the-way corner I saw one of a similar nature — its subject was an autopsy — and it impressed me pro- foundly. The feet of the subject were in the foreground and in an amazing way they seemed to be constantly in front of one ' s eyes — they followed one to every remote corner of the gallery. " The scalp had been inscised, the skull opened — and the brains entirely re- moved — but one scarcely noticed this — beside that haunting pair of feet. " No, dear reader, the climax is not what you might logically expect. For Hawkins kept at least one foot up on its perch for the remainder of the hour ! Dr. Condil (liaving rudely awakened Kadesky in OB lecture) quizzed pa- tiently for some time without much result. Kadesky: " I haven ' t read about that. " Condit: " What did you read about? " Kadesky (gradually returning to con- sciousness) : " About two weeks ago. " In these unfortunate days when Junior Medics are referred to much dreary and ultrascientific medical literature, has any one noticed the subtlety of that omnipresent reference: " Johns Hop- kins Bull " ? The Wrong Profession George McGeary (Junior Medic) says that in his opinion " a nice, kind, sedate cow would be the best milk cow. " And every year more men apply than are allowed to enter school. Surely the farm school is not overcrowded. THE JUNIOR RAM RICHARD THE BALD, KING OF MEDICS 1. And it came to pass in the reign of Richard that many lads and lassies did seek for entrance to our school. 2. They were filled with a spirit of kindliness and did wish to heal the sore and afflicted of the land. 3. But they cared not for riches and worldly things, for the spirit of the al- mighty did overwhelm their souls and their hearts shone as of finest gold. 4. Dean the Lyon was fishing frogs down at Woods Hole and heeded not the call of these anxious ones. 5. So Richard the Bald did hold sway and rule supreme while Dean the Lyon did seek and find out many things of great value for the doctors all over the land. 6. In the absence of his underlord, Dickie did summon these kindly youths of the land before him, so that he could look upon them and choose from amongst them. 7. They blew into his majesty ' s office in great herds and formed circles about his throne, but when they beheld the polished dome they were sore afraid. 8. Dickie was not a bad man, in truth he only looked bad, and from his whisk- ers did radiate a great spirit of love which permeated the thickened skins of those who trusted him not. 9. From his mouth he did utter these words, " Be seated and be not afraid and I will be of much service to you, for I have ruled supreme since the days of Chuck the Mighty. " 10. Through the cool days of July and August Richard the Bald did ask the young Physicians many questions about the capitals of our states and the trees and flowers of the earth. Even in the coolness of the day the youths sweat many drops of pure blood and their trowsers were full wet. 11. After the days of torture Richard did cast away many exam papers con- taining jewels of fine thought and did bring forth his dice and pick the luck- iest ones of the great throng and did allow full four score of them to return in September. And they were permit- ted to pay seventy-five beans for their chances and sixty beans for a micro- scope. 12. The microscope will be of great value to these youths when they return to the farms, for they shall make many useful tools therefrom. 13. Verily I say unto you, did not Richard the Bald cast loaded dice and did he not tie a millstone about their necks? THE JUNIOR RAM = IU FROM BELLHOP TO DRUM MAJOR Carl Swendseen, son of a prominent Minnesota politician, acting as guide in Glacier Park in the summer of ' 16, striving earnestly to earn a few pennies to keep the wolf from the door, concludes his semi-daily roundup of the park in front of " Old Faithful. " He spouts forth on the poor unsuspecting tourists as follows: " Fellow citizens! if I may dare call you that, from the lowly position that I occupy, it has been my honest endeavor to explain the scientific geological workings of this magnanimous geyser and to point out the wonderful esthetic and artistic phases of this great park so graciously preserved by our government for the edification of mankind, and I trust my remarks have met with your approval. " At this point Carl descends from his recent flight, carelessly puts the heel of his right on the toe of his left, and with a sickly grin, allowing the Jew within to conquer the Swedish part of his nature, continues: " I am paid the small sum of fifty cents a month by the government, and twenty-five cents of this is deducted for my laundry (too much), leaving me a total salary of twenty-five cents a month. It is the custom of some of the guides in this park to charge each tourist a dollar, but I don ' t like to do that, because to some it is worth more than that. And now, that I may not slight anybody, I will pass the hat around, beginning with this prosperous gentleman on the right. And I might add that I am a poor boy working my way through college, and in the wintertime I earn money by carrying a big, heavy baton and a goatskin hat for the university band. The weather in that northern climate is very severe, and I suffer immensely from the cold. " (We regret immensely that the cartoonist had never seen Carl ' s feet.) THE JUNIOR RAM ' Tm SHERIFF of St. Louis County. Ye ' will hev to cut out the Gallivantin ' up here. ' ' THE MINER ' S SLOGAN ' Tm a MINER from the U. of M. ril he damdifi will. ' ' THE JUNIOR RAM RIP VAN WINKLESS A DRAMA IN SEVERAL SPASMS The Persons of the drama include: Prof. Johnson and his cohorts, the Junior Miners. Several members of the bedbrigensis also appear. Time: 10: 00 a. m. Scene: Bluff (that ' s all this is anyway) above the historic Taylor ' s Falls. Opening Chorus Train containing the damrascals personae stops at the top of said bluff. Within the train a busy activity commences. Sullivan, with the words, " I hid in the cellar, " finishes a good one. Loud laughter from " Doodles. " Gannett makes certain that his flask of Bourbon is in place. The mob files out of the car; train pulls out, leaving Johnson and the chorus in center of stage. SONG BY PROF. JOHNSON AND CHORUS " Work, for the night is coming. Work on these aged rocks; Work, for we ' ll have no bumming. Work till there are holes in your socks. " 606 THE JUNIOR RAM - THE JUNIOR RAM Chorus: " For were the jolly miners. The miners brave and true. " [Dance.] Spasm I After the opening chorus, the scenes change rapidly. The whole crew joins in in depicting 90 days at the workhouse breaking rocks. This continues for some time with sly exchanges of repartee and profanity as some mistake their thumbs for elusive gastropods. Prof. Johnson springs some funny yarns, " How old is the sea? " and " Wild fossils I have known. " Spasin II The next rise of the curtain discloses the " Village Huttel " of Taylor ' s Falls. This scene is a short one. The principals and chorus line up before the door of the venerable tavern and chant out the plaintive ballad, " O Grub, I Smell You Calling Me. " All enter Ye Hostelry. Then several other members appear in the cast. Among these are Mr. Bread, a loafer, old Hedda Lettuce, Miss Fulla Prunes, the venerable Mr. Hash in a coat of many colors, and Mr. Coffee, a weakling. These engage in combat with the rest of the cast, but are finally conquered with many gnashings of molars. Then follows a short intermission. Spasm III Here we have a scene much similar to the finish of the ancient Marathon. The little band enters the — well, it was an oasis before they had county option. Here the news is received that one of the caravan camels has stepped on a tack. The rendition at this point of the melancholy " We ' re here because " etc. strikes one of the most tragic notes of the play. This sadness is somewhat relieved by Harry Frank in his famous " Flirtation " scene with the buxom Hasher. This scene is concluded by another defeat of the people of Grub. Spasm IV The famous Twilight Zone scene was unfortunately not passed by the Board of Censorship. Any one calling at this office and presenting proper credentials may secure an unexpurgated edition containing this portion of the play in full. One striking feature of this scene is the duel between Prof. Johnson and one of the undesirable and permanent inhabitants of the " huttel " who attempts to force an acquaintance. The music rendered by the famous snore orchestra is very good, but unfortunately there is little of it. (Hence the Rip Van Winkless; if you ain ' t got it yet, repeat.) Grand Finale This is the sensation of the piece. All characters participate in this conclave of stars. King Chanticleer, the rooster, starts the music, and several other numbers follow. Among them are: " The Little Gray Dawn in the East, " " Pick the Hay Out of Your Eyes, Dear, " " Good-bye, Dresser, We ' re Thru, " and the " Chinese Sleep Song, " a solo by Miao. Let us now draw the asbestos curtain. FINIS. THE JUNIOR RAM A, lV- ' - THE JUNIOR RAM Between Producing ART WORK For THE GOPHER And Instituting A COURSE IN HAWAIIAN DANCES Under ERASER JERRARD, The Architects Have a Hard Time Staying Away from THE FINISH. ?:- : M?Xi.P ■ ' x- r-t . ONE OF THE ARCHITECTS ' PROBLEMS FOUR OF A KIND AND THE JOKER THE JUNIOR RAM George got so excited when he saw this expose of Engineering beauty that he turned on the first man he met and did this to him. ISSY IKEY " OPENERS " qv c , THE JUNIOR RAM Rodman! Rod Up! This picture shows Larson and Hal Hanson discussing the merits of their rodman, who is not stealing apples. (See adjoining picture.) It is said that this experience combined with the dis- appointment of failing to win the foot- ball championship drove Hanson tem- porarily insane, and while in this con- dition he got married. Larson was less violently affected, so he has merely taken to drinking heavily. Why Engineers Go Bugs Public Speaking is elevating; Kinematics, worse. Materials is quite depressing, As also is this verse. Differential Calculus Tends to close our eyes; But Statics and Kinetics Simply paralyze! In behalf of the Mechanical Engin- eers ' representation in the Feature Sec- tion, it might be said that we see nothing funny about engineering. First M. E.: " For two bits I ' ll guar- antee to keep your knees from wobbling in Public Speaking. " Second M. E.: " How? Where? Gimme 59 cents ' worth. " First and second M. E. ' s take several swigs of reddish coffee and give deeply inspired speeches on firm(?) legs. Mr. Richards ' " Henry " No hills too steep. No sand too deep. But snow Does get my goat. 612 THE JUNIOR RAM " Hang the Rod, I ' m Busy " A surveyor ' s life is very wearisome. He must tramp around a great deal. The man in the picture has had a hard day. He began to work at 1 :45 P. M. It is now 2:15 p. M. Do not blame him. Pity him. Poor man. AMBITION Prof. Holman: " Say, Badger, why don ' t you take a car that will bring you to school on time instead of being five minutes late? " Badger: " Well, if I take a car earlier than I do, I ' ll be here five minutes early. " It is a hotly disputed question which two members of the present Junior Civil Class will be the winner next summer in the annual contest staged at The Lake. This contest consists of winning or attempting to win, the favor of the " Belles of Coronis. " The two most successful contestants will appear in the 1919 Gopher. Watch for them. — Adv. Zelner: " How close did you check on that line of levels you ran, Mr. Fitz- gerald? " Fitz: " I ' m sorry to say we were off about a foot. " Zelner: " Oh well, what ' s a foot — between friends. " , ---ff THE JUNIOR RAM DRIVEN NUTTY BY THE PHYSICS DEPARTMENT, THE ENGINEERS GIVE A PARADE EVERY YEAR FIVE UNSOLVED MYSTERIES OF LAKE CORONIS 1. Why Riekman still persists in wearing the same face after taking " that picture. " 2. How Herb. Hanson managed, every morning to get back from Peterson ' s nifty nook in time for breakfast. 3. Why Luplow, when going for a hunt, found it necessary to take along Wolfangle loaded with all the camp salt shakers. 4. How Nickerson and Douglass could both fill a date on the same night with the same girl. 5. How McMillan and Linden hunted all afternoon for a survey station and found nothing but ginseng which they later sold for $8.00 a pound. 614 THE JUNIOR RAM M. E. Profs in the Natural State! General Coxey ' s Field Staff ' TWAS EVER THUS Time: 8: 55 a.m. Scene I Place: Materials Class Scene opens on a general tumult; chalk-throwing, the exclusive Junior art, is at its height. Abe, Anderson, and Walfred are actively engaged in a chair push. Ball is waving his legs around defensively. Von Rohr is sleeping quietly on the desk. Mr. Parcel sticks his head out of the adjoining office door and shouts, " Hey! " The knights of the wooden steeds increase their assault, thinking reserves are at hand. Mr. Parcel, quite red in the face: " Here, here, this is no gymnasium! K you want to pull that kind of horseplay, go over to the Armory. " Confusion slowly subsides and Mr. Parcel retires. Enter Mr. Priester with quiz paper. All is quiet. 9: 25 — Waterous enters puffing hard. THE JUNIOR RAM This is what happens to Engineers who jorget to wash their ears and neck. Proj. Bass ' class in water supply found their ingenuity taxed to the limit in the solution of this problem. Their success speaks well for the future of Minnesota Engineers who specialize in irrigation and drainage. Scene II Time: Next Place: Same Confusion reigns again. Charles Siekkinen is wiping the floor with Von Rohr amid the joyous shrieks of the pro-Allies. Enter Mr. McMillan from adjoining office door. " See here, what are you doing? You ought to join the University High School over here. " Von Rohr untangles himself from the legs of chairs: " Yes, Sir, but they won ' t let us change our registration. " Mac exits vanquished. Rough house begins in modified form. Enter Mr. Priester with quiz paper and Saturday Evening Post. Quiet ensues for the remainder of the hour with the exception of an occasional whisper, " Howdja get that? " 9: 25 — Waterous enters puffing hard. THE JUNIOR RAM When the State Goes Bone Dry Hansen ' s Dilemma Here we have Jack Hansen driven to drink (milk). In such extremities as these he must be desperate. He is des- perate. Why is he desperate? It seems that Phil Oviatt has been play- ing at pranks and that for Jack love ' s labor has been lost. It also seems that Jack was planning to wilfully break some of the commonwealth ' s laws. Phil in a spirit of loyalty saved Jack by delivering him from temptation, or taking temptation from him. We do not want to become too specific, but — it ' s a long story and Jack is big and strong and a faster runner than we, and so you will have to work this out for vourself or else ask Jack. ■%,M THE JUNIOR RAM By Hocking The Instruments They Swipe From One Another LIGHT OCCUPATIONS WAITING FOK LOST INSTF UMENTO TO B£. f ETUI NtD ' {JM , 3LB.D6£- HAMtnE.K I £XCAVATOK Z COLD criiz£.l£ Please, rrtuhn to E..7i. PE.N r- TTrmiiiiii[i ' i(utimm«iiiMii|iii iMiiiniir The Dents Make Enough Money Each Year To Hire A Big Boat And Give a Great Big Excursion on the Mississippi Where They Act Like This. THE JUNIOR RAM at first you don ' t succeed. THEN try, try again. YOUR CREDIT IS GOOD AT THE NEW ENGLAND To Our U. of M. Friends — and Their Friends THAT YOUR CREDIT IS GOOD AT THE " NEW ENGLAND, " you already know, but we wish to emphasize the fact that the Credit of the Young Men and Young Women of the U. of M., their Chapters, their Sororities, is, if anything, a little better than anyone else ' s, and the more freely it is utilized, the better are we pleased. loffftietiie OvBmue. ncrm, Stfi 6-ih S feeti ' Complete Furnishers of Homes, Offices, Hotels, Churches, Lodges, Theatres, Fraternity Houses and Public Institutions. Dance Programs — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis 620 Women ' s and Children ' s Outfitters .(S£ifMm Nicollet at Seventh Street The Spirit of Girlhood — In Our Individual Third Floor Shops Where expert stylists assist young women to express their personality and young womanliness Graciously, economically and in accordance with the mode. The Talk of the Campus Our English Caps Knapp Felt Hats Manhattan Shirts Smart Cravats LOUIS LEFEBVRE COMPANY First National-Soo Line Building MINNEAPOLIS Sorority Pins — Weld Sons, 620 Nicoll et Ave., Minneapolis THE AGS BELIEVE THAT CLEANLINESS IS NEXT TO GODLI- NESS SO ALL THE GIRLS TAKE PART IN THE TUG OF WAR Frehmen Before Their Purification in the Lagoon GLEN MOra JNH Christmas Lake Minnetonka The Glen of Pleasant Memories Owned and Operated by HOTEL RADISSON COMPANY Medals, Gold and Silver — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis A CORNER IN THE Co-Op. THOSE who have investigated prices and service given students at various colleges and universities in the country will tell you that students at the University of Minnesota buy their supplies cheaper than any college students in the country. PLEASE SIGN AND DEPOSIT THIS STUB Name. Number . A -0.00 -02 15 MAR 26-17 The Co-Op. handles first-class t cxids only. The prices are guaranteed to be the lowest quoted anywhere. Should you find that the same goods are sold regularly at a less price anywhere in the U. S. by any other regular dealer, we will at once readjust prices upon receiving such information. The Co-Op. dividends are given in addition to our low prices. MINNESOTA CO-OPERATIVE COMPANY Read the above guarantee which we print on every one of our cash register checks, and which we strictly adhere to. Engraved Invitations — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis Each succeeding generation frequents the same familiar haunt The CoUegeman s Headquarters 317 Fourteenth Avenue S. E. MINNEAPOLIS Menu Cards — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis PlLibKE lAKEN IN PAT ' S OFFICE He is getting old, bald-headed and fat You can coronatype without a college education. You can also acquire a college education without knowing how to coronatype, but The Pergonal Wrilin ' Xachine will make the getting of an education a lot easier. CORONA TYPEWRITER SALES AGENCY 218 South Fourth Street or The Co. Op. MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA N. W. Nic. 3488 Automatic 34451 W. B. Dimond Designer of Mens and Young Men ' s Clothes 20-22 S. Fourth St. 203 Globe Bldg. MINNEAPOLIS Dance Programs — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis The New Minnesota Union Ball Room AND THE FIRMS THAT HAVE MADE ITS BEAUTY A REALITY Everett Pianos are to be found in hundreds of our BEST homes — There is a THE BROOKS PIANO CO. Ill SOUTH ELEVENTH STREET MINNEAPOLIS Northwestern Distributors The beautiful Minnesota Union Ballroom {shown above) has an Everett Grand Piano Elmer A. Brooks Fraternity Jewelry — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis The Panelling, Seats, Beams, and Wood- work in this elegantly appointed Ballroom were manu- factured by SIMONSON BROS. MFG. CO. Makers of High Grade Interior Finish, Sash, Doors, etc. 1715-49 Seventh Street South MINNEAPOLIS If you doubt our ability to make GOOD Photograph We refer you to the beautiful scene section in this Gopher, pages 13 to 28, inclusive, and to our similar artistic produc- tions in every Gopher since 1913. a J. HIBBARD Both Phones 412 Nicollet Ave. Minneapolis G. F. WEBER Studios Interior Decoration Furnishings We furnished Draperies for the Minnesota Union Ballroom MINNEAPOLIS, MINNESOTA 91-97 South Tenth St. JENKINS BROS. VALVES for heating, for plumbing, for the factory o r power plant. They are " time tested and per- formance prov- ed. " • The diamond trade mark iden- tifies the genu- ine. A catalogue descriptive of the complete line mailed on request. JENKINS BROS. New York, Boston, Philadelphia, Chicago Montreal, London Jewelry of All Kinds — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapois Music — sacred tongue of God Confucius THE reverence which Confucius felt for music has been in the soul of every normal human being since the be- ginning of the world. Thomas A. Edison, the inventive genius, and his courageous expenditure of three million dollars in re- search work have recently placed it within your power to have in your home a musical instrument such as only Thomas A. Edison could conceive the possibility of producing — a musical instrument reproducing so exactly like the original that when heard in direct comparison with the living voice no difference could be detected. To differentiate this new invention from other devices the music critics coined the new phrase Music ' s Re-Creation This is not a fanciful phrase; it tells a literal truth, as you will realize when you hear this master invention of the master of all inventors. The NEW EDISON " The Phonograph with a Soul " Come to our store and listen to this wonderful inven- tion as freely as you would go to an art gallery to view a masterpiece of painting. You are perfectly wel- come even though you have no intention of purchasing an instrument. We just want you to hear. Edison ' s from $30.00 to $6000.00— Terms Minnesota Phonograph Co. 612— Nicollet Avenue 612 " THE HOME OF MUSIC ' S RE-CREATION Reception Cards — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis 1 ALMA HAGEN Confectioner LUNCHES FOR ENGINEERS S. S. EAT SHOP " University Cafeteria " UNIVERSITY DRUG STORE C. A. SCHMID, Prop. Angel Reha BARBER SHOP PHOTO ART SHOP Kodak Finishing T. A. Marshall BAKERY THE BOYS ' TAILOR SHOP North Star Meat Market The Belnap Barber Shop M. H. Harris Company GROCERS F. J. Pesek GROCER The Belnap FURNISHED ROOMS L. F. Brown DRUGGIST These Firms E. W. RUDD Jeweler Wm. Simms HARDWARE i of SOUTHEAST MINNEAPOLIS are near the campus fl afford quick service at a moment ' s notice save you carfare appreciate your pat- ronage by supporting University publica- tions. 1 The Birchwood Pharmacy Ski-U-Mah Barber Shop THE CAMPUS CANDY SHOP FRANK STODOLA University Tailor Anton Dahlgren FINE LAUNDERING A. F. Palmer Co. GROCERS The Eagle Garage FOR PROMPT SERVICE University Printing Company Thorleif Fieve JEWELER University Hardware Store The Foster Robe and Tanning Co. University Laundry The Gopher Barber Shop The Home Bakery and Lunch Varsity Barber Shop The Gopher Cafe Independent Dye House Vollender COFFEE AND LUNCH Henry Gauge GROCER Jim ' s Corner CONFECTIONER W. C. Wilson HARDWARE UNIVERSITY STATE BANK C. 0. NESS, CASHIER Linder ' s Cafe UNIVERSITY PHOTO 1 STUDIO a AMATEUR WORK A SPECIALTY g L. D. Madden DRUGS E. McCABE The Cleaner QUICK SERVICE SWAIN-FARMER CO. Transfer and Fuel UNIVERSITT ' Y TAILOR SHOP AARON SODERBERG CO. II iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiniiiiiJiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiy This Explains Van ' s Nationality Cash Paid for Text Books THE FERINE BOOK COMPANY 1413 University Ave. S. E. Caught Stealing the Llano Grande Sign Our Business Is Growing i:f)e afe Wxtt There ' s a Reason lilllllllllll St. Anthony Falls Bank ESTABLISHED 1893 4% Compound Interest Savings Largest and Oldest Bank in East Minneapolis Resources Over $3,500,000.00 Fred E. Barney. Chairman of Board Joseph E. Ware. Pres. C. L. Campbell, Cashier S. E. Forest. Vice Pres. Albert Scriver, Asst. Cashier Wm. Neudeck. Asst. Cashier Interest Credited on the first days of January, April, Jidy, October FOURTH ST. AND EAST HENNEPIN, MINNEAPOLIS. MINN. !lllllllllllllllllll!llllllllllllliniiilllllllllllllllllllllllllllll!llll Dance Programs — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis The New Quality Eat Garden " " The Best Cafeteria in Minneapolis " Over Pantage ' s Theatre At Seventh and Hennepin Moderate Prices Intelligent Service Hot Stuff! For Men Only New Campus Organization PURPOSE : To concentrate the buying of student ' s wearables at a reliable, serviceable, and appreciable firm. To benefit by the purchase of quality merchandise at prices favorable to the student. ORGANIZERS : H. C. Jacobson, F. J. Tupa R. B. Beal HEADQUARTERS : MORGAN - EKLUND - CO. Tailors — Clothiers — Haberdashers 325-327 East Hennepin Ave. Minneapolis, Minn. Sorority Pins — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis r Shibley - Squyer Orchestra Banquets, Receptions and Dancing Parties The Best Music Always at Your Service HARRY SQUYER, Manager Residence Phone, Colfax 5680 Down Town Office: CABLE PIANO CO. Nicollet at Eighth N. W. Main 1314 T. S. 38631 BALLADS OF THE PHYSICS DEPARTMENT Flunka Gen. You can talk o ' Trig and Chem Or calories now and then, Or History and all that other junk too. But when it comes to raising hell We do that matter very well And you ' ll lick our blooming boots Or. else we ' ll flunk you. Now when it comes to marks, Even those, the so-called sharks Are conned and flunked with no discrimination, For we think it right and proper To make each of you a pauper In credits ' tis our law of compensation, For we flunk, flunk, flunk With our scientific junk. Each and everyone that comes within our sphere. The A ' s, B ' s, C ' s, and D ' s We have no use for these ' Tis by E ' s and F ' s we put you in the clear. Ethel M. Malcolm Lillian C. Malcolm Malcolm Studios of Dancing KEITH BUILDING LORING PARK Accessible — Attractive — Delightful. Well equipped for easy entertaining. Class lessons given throughout the year. Private lessons by appoint- ment. NORMAL SCHOOL will be held during the month of AUGUST. For teachers and those wishing to teach, this course is excellent. Engraved Invitations — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis MRS. NOBLE CLASSIC-NATIONAL-FOLK INTERPRETIVE-BALL-ROOM DANCING Dance and the world dances with you Sit and you sit alone STUDIO : 1938 Hennepin Avenue (At Franklin) The Leather on This Book Is Manufactured by the C. W. Pyle Company We think you will agree with us that it speaks for itself. We manufacture large quantities of leather for College Annuals and colleges should instruct their binder to get samples and prices from us. C. W. PYLE CO. MttnufaclurfTs of Bark skivers. Roans and Fleshers, Pocket Book and Bookbinders ' Leather. Fourth and Van Buren Streets, WILMINGTON. DEL. Menu Cards- Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis 636 MUNSING UNION SUITS MOST POPULAR BECAUSE MOST SATISFACTORY 9,000,000 Munsingwear Garments are sold annually. WEAR THEM- YOU WILL LIKE THEM THERE ' S A RIGHT SIZE FOR YOU WecttTKenv-YoxiWllL Llk e Tkenv MUNSING UNION SUITS Ple aJ Firve in. Qyallti} Non-Iccitaiinq Alwdv)5 Ffecfect Fitting RequW AtKleiic Stales To University Women: When You Think of your next Tailor-Made Garment, and in doubt where to go, you want individuality and feel assured of satisfaction, workmanship and material at no in- crease of cost, visit our establishment and investigate tailoring values. We are showing a most engaging line of importations that are exclusive and absolutely authentic. Our style originations embody all the newest ideas and we are also displaying clever adaptations executed in correct style and character. Stop and consider, that we charge you no more, and often less, than you pay for inferior work or ready- made garments. Out-of-town patrons are assured immediate and careful attention. R. C. NIELSEN SONS Importing Ladies ' Tailors 1036 Nicollet Ave. ' I TS ' " Minneapolis, Minn. Engraved Stationery — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis Dance Programs— Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis Let us help Jou in arranging tne equipment, furnishir gs and decorations of )cur nevJ offices, a service vsKicK -vSe are rendering the profession -Witnout cost or obligation. Our experience in this vJork vJill enable us to be of assistance to jJou in sowing these problems, bj) drafting detailed plans and offering suggestions to fit jlour particular case. " Fift -fi ' e Modern Dental Office Plans " our book, explaining this ser ' ice in detail, together ■With interesting catalogs of Columbia Dental Equipment, vJill be sent vJith our compliments upon receipt of request and dealer ' s name. THE RITTER DENTAL MFG. CO. Rochester, N. Y. Ncrf York Chicago FKiladelpKia H FAIR LIST PRICES- FAIR treatment: Stand the KnifeTest OOK into this Silvertown Cord Tire, with its thick, tough Goodrich Black Safety Tread stripped back, and learn from its sturdy cable cord, its sinewy two-ply body,— what a cord tire really is. Were you to put the knife test to all tires, you would find three types of bodies : Cotton fabric, in five to seven plies; Thread cord, or Web (strings the size of a trout line, held parallel the circle of the tire by cross-threads) gummed together in five to seven plies. Cable-cord, the patent - protected, cross-wrapped, two-ply structure, found ONLY in Silvertown, the original cord tire. Out of this unique construction of rubber-saturated, flexible cable-cord come Silvertown ' s resilience and durability— the greater comfort and ultimate economy, you can not afford to deny yourself. Know Silvertowns by their extra-size symmetry and their Red-Double- Diamonds. The B. F. Goodrich Go. Akron, 0. Also maker of the famous fabric tires Goodrich ISIack Safety Treads " Silvertowns make all cars high-grade " 10 Silvertown Cord X-cels 1. Increased engine power 2. Smoother riding 3. Fuel saving 4. Speedier 5. Coast farther 6. Start quicker 7. Easier to guide 8. Give greater mile- age 9. More resistive against puncture 10. Repaired easil t and succeufullif Donaldsons Extends a cordial invitation to University students and Alumni to make use of the many conveniences of the Donaldson Establishment. Here in the four spacious Rest and Reception Rooms, you may meet your friends and rest, or pleasantly pass as much of your time as you please, mak- ing free use of our stationery and writing tables, and our well-appointed toilet apartments ; here you may check your parcels, transact mail, express, telephone, or telegraph busi- ness ; convert money into commercial paper, or vice versa ; lunch, alone or with parties of any size, or enjoy many an hour simply inspecting the interesting features of this big institution. New York Paris Manchester Chemnitz L S. DONALDSON COMPANY MINNEAPOLIS A Typewriter Exceptional For the Professor and Student The Multiplex Hammond TWO sets of type in each machine : English and Greek. English and French, French and Spanish, etc. " Just turn the knob. ' " presto — one or the other; hundreds to select from, and every known language. Simple — Compact — Portable Beautiful work — beyond compare. If not inclined to a new machine, inquire for our FACTORY REBUILTS. RENTALS of high quality. PATRONS Preaident Woodrow Wilson Cardinal Merry Del Val Dr. Alexander Graham Bell Chancellor Rev, B. G. Trant Bishop John G. Murray William Dean Howells Special Terms to Professors and Students Catalog for the asking Hammond Typewriter Co. 69th and 70th Streets at East River New York City, N. Y. FLORINDA E. KIESTER :: :: COMMERCIAL ARTIST :: :: DESIGNED AND PRODUCED THE HALF- TITLE. THE TITLE PAGE. THE CONTENTS PAGE AND THE MOUNTING OF ALL THE SNAPSHOTS IN THIS NINETEEN EIGHTEEN GOPHER THIRTY THIRTY FIVE NINETEENTH AVENUE SOUTH MINNEAPOLIS DREXEL 1127 Peyer ' s Orchestra 310-312 People ' s Bank JOS. I. PEYER. Manager St. Paul, Minn. Telephone: N. W. Cedar 4574 A Band For Every Purpose An Orchestra For All Functions Engraved Invitations — Weld Song, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis " PUPPCHEN " How an attack of Art affects differ- ent people: Emmeritz feels like Romeo, Kewpie like a man, and Harold, after writing Ice Pie, joins the Marines. ICE PIE Remember.... LOUIS F. DOW CO. PR INTER and LITHOGRAPHER OFFICE FIXTURES 15 South Fourth St. Minneapolis The Beauty of Its Surroundings Is One of the Chief Charms of the Hotel Del Prado CHICAGO, ILL. Situated on the Midway Boulevard and Jackson Park, which overlooks Lake Michigan, and ad- joins the Chicago University on the east. The most elegantly appointed, beautifully arranged Hotel in Chicago — here the Tourists, Transient and Permanent Guests may peacefully rest, free from the dirt and annoyance usually found in the downtown hotels. Transportation, the Illinois Central Ry. (Time downtown 12 minutes.) The house has a frontage of 700 feet; has 400 rooms with access to private bath. Send for descriptive and illustrated booklet. Rates American H. H. McLEAN, Manager Medals, Gold and Silver — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis A aection of the Typewriting Department. Note maturity of the students, many of whom are University Graduates. Main 4630 The Auto 37702 Collegiate Business Institute Meyer ' s Arcade, Nicollet at Tenth MINNEAPOLIS THE NAME AND WHAT IT STANDS FOR The new name of this institution is descriptive of its aims and ac- complishments, and a sufficient period of practical experience has proved the efficiency of its methods, not only in the grade of its students, but in the readiness with which em- ployers accept these students at sub- stantial salaries. Under this new title, the work of the well known " FORD OFFICES " is being con- tinued with increased accommoda- tion at the same address. The object, of course, is higher education in commercial subjects, and, just as standard colleges and universities insist upon entrance re- quirements, so the Collegiate Busi- ness Institute calls for a High School or University diploma, depending upon the course pursued. TEACHERS AND SECRETARIES The Teacher Training and Private Secretary Courses offer the best ad- vantages to university graduates. A large percentage of the enroll- ment this year has been college graduates. This is because of the unusual business opportunities for persons with such academic train- ing. Full credit is given for all university subjects that can be ap- plied on the business courses. Many commercial teachers have been placed this year through our free Employment Bureau, but the demuTul is much greater than the supply. A diploma from this course is endorsed by the State Department of Education and is good to teach in a state high school. College graduates can complete this course in six months. ADDRESS ALL COMMUNICATIONS TO THE PRESIDENT Dance Programs — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis 644 Latest Style — Accurate Fit — Dependable Woolens Unusual Values Made to Order at $20— $22.50 $25 Exclusive Pieces in FRATERNITY JEWELRY Made by BURR PATTERSON COMPANY Detroit, Michigan WRITE FOR CATALOGUE Hotel Dyckman On Sixth Street Between Nicollet and Hennepin Aves. A Mecca of Recreation — Our Netv and Beautiful HAWAIIAN ROOM and the Comfortable ELIZABETHAN ROOM Places of refined and wholesome surround- ings and excellent entertainment. BANQUETS Served to any number — none too large — none too small. Reception Cards — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis 645 GAYETY WHICH OF THESE ATTRACTED THE MOST UNIVERSITY MEN? 646 HORSMAN Tennis Rackets Unsurpassed for 38 Years Fulfill every demand of the Tennis Player Do not select a Racket for 1917 till you have seen the new Model " A-A-A " If your dealer can ' t show it, write to us The PERFECT Tennis Ball is the " AYRES " Used the world over by players who know We are sole U. S. distributors Write for Catalog E. I. Horsman Co. r 11-15 Union Square West NEW YORK CITY The Minneapolis Dollar-Hotel 250 MODERN ROOMS Located in Heart of Biuineu Diitrict ONE PRICE--ONE DOLLAR EUROPLAN; rate for two persons $1.60 private bath, shower and toilet extra COMPLETE SAFETY AUTOMATIC SPRINKLERS AND FIREPROOF CONSTRUCTION INSURANCE RECORDS SHOW THAT NEVER HAS A LIFE BEEN LOST IN ANY BUILDINO PROTECTED BY AUTOMATIC SPRINKLERS EVERY ROOM HAS HOT AND COLD RUNNING WATER, STEAM HEAT, ELECTRIC LIGHT A ND TELEPHONE SERVICE. GUESTS at the Vendome have their choice of either high grade, moderate-priced a la carte service of the Vendome Cafe Co., or of Arnold ' s Cafeteria service, still more economical. r UKULELES ■ ■ ( PRONOUNCED ) U " 00-KA- LA -LES BUY THE GENUINE M. Nunes Sons instruments — Made in Honolulu by the Inventor (Manuel Nunes) and his sons, from the choicest Koa-Wood obtain- able naturally seasoned for years — not kiln dried — and to withstand MADJXjN guaranteed any climate, you from the To protect many imitations look for the two trademarks— your guar- of a genuine Hawaiian made Ukulele. Note free offer— " History of Hawaiian Music. " Our Special $10 Offer 1 Genuine M. Nunc Soni ' Koa-Wood Ukulele (tund-madc in Hawaii) $10.00 1 Self Inslruclor, containing all chords and many toiot 1.00 1 Durable kit cat 50 1 Extra Set of Strings SO 5 Ukulele Solot. In chart form: " On the Beach at Waikiki. " " Honohihi Tom Boy. ' . " Aloha-Oe. " ' My Honolulu Hula Girl. ' " Old PlanUlion " _ l.QQ Total $13.00 THIS COMPLETE OUTFIT AS DESCRIBED ABOVE FORWARDED UPON RECEIPT OF 510.00 or will tend C.O. D. Mibiect to cuminatkm. Hawaiian Koa-Wood Guitars Duplicates of the one used by Joseph KEKUKU, originator of the Hawaiian method of steel guitar playing. $40. $50 and $60 ' p. -j " Historyof Hawaiian Music " and Catalogue of J K% % Hawaiian Musical Instruments and selections. Jf OVTHERNJjALIPORNJA SS2-334 SOUTH BROADWAY. LOS ANGELES. World ' s Largest Distributors of Genuine Hawaiian Musical Instruments =J Dance Programs — Weld Sons, 620 Nicollet Ave., Minneapolis The Highway to Success He is a foolish fellow who takes the untravelled, unworked byway when there is a real, well-worked concrete highway. Isn ' t he? The same thing applies to the problem of a successful career. It is generally conceded that a real business training is the ROYAL SHORT-CUT HIGHWAY TO BUSINESS SUPREMACY. Here is what President Wilson says: " If a man is anxious that his son should go into business, and begin work on a practical basis, he should not send him to the University, but to Business College. " A multitude of suc- cessful business men is the proof. They now advise you to do the same. Yes, and they have standing offers for all the bright young people that are prepared. Ability Has Marked Value Andrew Carnegie: " The road to the top is strewn with failures of those who were NOT PREPARED for the climb. " That is just the reason business men demand their employees be prepared when they engage them. They don ' t care to risk the failure that would accrue to their business. The real business experience can be obtained at the M. B. C. Wlio would care to engage a physician or a lawyer having no training? Do you suppose the business man is less intelligent? This high-grade specialized training in ACTUAL BUSINESS will lift you out of the bewildering competition, and place you among men who think — plan — direct and accomplish. Educate for business in this Ac- credited School. Minneapolis Business College The Leading Business College of the Northwest D. C. RUGG, President 225 South Fifth St., MINNEAPOLIS 648 Dickey Mill THE CELEBRATED A. P. DICKEY FARM FANS NEED NO INTRODUCTION The unsurpassed record made by these mills for the past 66 years has given them a world- wide reputation. Our mills are noted for their simplicity, strength, ease of operatiop and great cleaning capacity. Send for Circulars and Net Prices to the Trade A. P. Dickey Mfg. Co. RACINE, WISCONSIN Alpha Delta Phi Now all have heard of Alpha Delta Phi Though none can emulate you though they try. In the spring you forswear wearing caps upon the campus Although ink and staid conventions do decry. You are what we call facile at dodging peaches Who hurl themselves at every passing nut. And you never fall for any girl in college Though fussers think you are a bunch of mutts. ff 57 THE RACINE FANNING MILLS The Dealers ' increasinfi: confidence in tliis Mill is the best guarantee of our square dealing policy toward the Trade — the superiority of the Mill perfectly satisfying their customers. Seed cleaned on the RACINE MILL in- creases the yield 25 per cent or more. The Bagffing Attachment saves the labor of one man. The Corn Grader Attachment in- sures a uniform stand of vigorous stalks and more bushels per acre. The Succotash Attach- ment separates oats and weed seeds from wheat. Sieves and screens to clean and grade Barley. Oats, Rice and seeds of all kinds. OTHER ADVANTAGES Largely increased capacity over other Mills. Improved flexible iron shoe strap hangers, pre- venting breakage. Cast iron half circles secure- ly fastening Drum to posts of frame. Hopper screws adjusting regular feed from hopper. Strongest, most durable and best made Elevator and Bagger. Easy to sell. Write for Our Special Proposition to Farm- ers where tve have no Agent. JOHNSON FIELD MFG. CO. Racine. Wisconsin Charlottesville Woolen Mills CHARLOTTESVILLE, VA. Manufacturers of HIGH GRADE UNIFORM CLOTH In SKY and DARK BLUE SHADES For Army, Navy, Letter Carrier, Police and Other Purposes And the Largest Assortment and Best Quality of CADET GRAYS Including those used at the United States Military Academy at West Point artd ' jother leading military schools of the country. Prescribed and used by the cadets of the University of Minnesota. THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA OFFICE or THE RCOISTNAR rhi is lo notify you th»t you wcr-r reported Kelow grade in b)ecti at the dote ol th ' - fouf-weeic pefKxJ endin|[ ■ ' ■■v e, ; A fthident who tt below grade in one tubjecl shoutd coimilt his helow in two or more ub)ect he : hAutd confer with the Adminislrative committee in charge of •tudents ' woilt of his college, or. in the absence of miOee, (he Oean o( the college. E. B. PIRRCF.. Registrar We. OOT the Fe -t-cvse SEcr or out IN Spite, or these r xnoTr: Harmony In Light And Shade — THE KEYNOTE OF SUCCESS IN PHOTOGRAPHS STUDIOS: 608 Nicollet Avenue Medical Block m THE MILL BRAND THIS TRADE-MARK IS PROTECTED BY REGISTRATION IN THE UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. ALL CASES. BUNDLES OR PACKAGES CON- TAINING PAPER OF OUR MANUFACTURE ARE PLAINLY STENCILLED WITH THIS TRADE-MARK. Any person, firm or corporation who states that we are not paper makers, or that we make for them or others any paper carrying a dealer ' s private water- mark or brand, is either misinformed or guilty of willful misrepresentation. We make all the papers that we sell, therefore we know of what and how they are made, and each grade carries with it an unwritten guarantee of suitabil- ity for the purpose for which it is recomrtiended. Back of the guarantee is a Plant representing an investment of several million dollars, and an enviable reputation for fair dealing. Our Trade-Mark, our Water-Mark and our Brands are, therefore, an assur- ance to the buyer that the same paper is not offered to him under a dozen or more names at different prices, and an obligation on us to maintain quality that it would be business suicide to trifle with. As a further protection to buyers as well as ourselves, our products find a market only through our own warehouses and our recognized agents. We welcome inquiry, and will gladly furnish samples on request. DILL COLLINS CO. PHILADELPHIA ACTUAL MAKERS and DIRECT DISTRIBUTORS of HIGH GRADE PRINTING PAPERS Both with and without a coated surface DILL COLLINS CO., Warehouse 140 No. Sixth Street. Philadelphia DILL COLLINS CO., War ehouse 419 Lafayette Street. New YoA DILL COLLINS CO., Warehouse 161 Pearl Street. Boston THE PAPER MILLS CO.. Western Agents 519-527 So. Fifth Avenue. Chicago BLAKE, MOFFITT TOWNE San Francisco BLAKE, MOFFITT TOWNE Los Angeles BLAKE, McFALL CO Portland AMERICAN PAPER CO Seattle SPOKANE PAPER STATIONERY CO , Spokane THE PAPER USED IN THIS BOOK IS BLACK AND WHITE SiS ♦♦♦»»»» »»»♦»»»♦♦»♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦ ♦♦»»♦♦»»♦» 4»«.« « «.« »« »«y 4»««« »«««««« K |1»« ♦»«■♦»«»«.«♦«« ««•« •» ♦»»•• » »♦ ■» i tfi. t), 9i ' ' » 99 Hil iprercvaicxj G) cv d cls A•H•e +io ! LOOK back over the past years and ask yourself what other Engraving Institution, specializing in college annuals, has wielded so wide an Influence over the College Annual Field? Ask yourself if College and University Annuals are not better to- day because of BUREAU PROGRESSIVENESS and BUREAU INITIATIVE? You know that the BUREAU OF ENGRAVING, Inc. inaug- urated the system of Closer Co-opieration with college annual boards in planning and constructing books from cover to cover. Our marked progress in this field commands attention. Our establishment is one of the largest of its kind in this country. Our Modem Art Department of noted Commercial Art Experts is developing Artistic Features that are making " Bureau " Annuals Famous for Originality and Beauty. And again, the help of our experienced College Annual Depart- ment is of invaluable aid. Our up-to-the-minute system, which we give you, and our Instructive Books will surely lighten your Burden. A proposition from the Natural Leaders in the College Annual Engraving field from an organization of over 1 50 people, founded over 1 7 years ago, and enjoying the Confidence and Good Will of the foremost Universities of this country, is certainly worth your while. is not the BUREAU OF ENGRAVING, Inc., Deserving of the Opportunity of showing what it can do for - YOU? BUREAU of ENGRAVING, Inc. MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA 4c ' T ous-c o 0ri ' y na u t «••«•••«««« « 4 •«« ««« ««««« ' ' »«« ' »«««4 ««4««««« « »«« « Q Q 8 uhU hitto t(au$ie AUGSBURG QUALITY STANDS FOR SUPERIORITY 425-429 S. tJ? StKcei- Minneapolis, inn. .. BOOK BUILDERS FROM COVER TO COVER s D l i g SMIS I mD Printers and Binders oj the 1918 Gopher INDEX Acacia 222- 3 Academic College 37-42 Academic Council 501 Acanthus 392 Adclphian 354 Administration 29-36 Agriculture 43 8 Agricultural Council 502 Agricultural Dramatic Club 534 5 Agricultural Education Club 370 Alpha Chi Sigma 224- 5 Alpha Delta Phi 226-7 Alpha Epsilon Iota 33J Alpha Gamma Delta 316- 7 Alpha Gamma Rho 228- 9 Alpha Kappa Kappa 230- 1 Alpha Kappa Sigma 232- 3 Alpha Omega Alpha 342 Alpha Omicron Pi 318- 9 Alpha Phi 335 Alpha Rho Chi 23t- 5 Alpha Sigma Phi 236- 7 Alpha Tau Omega 238- 9 Alpha Xi Delta 320- 1 Alpha Zeta 240- 1 Alumni Association 493 Appleby. Dean 110 Architecture 49-54 Architectural Society 372 Areme 371 Athenian Literary Society 520- 1 Athletic Board of Control 397 Band 561 Basketball 431-36 Battery F 571-6 Berry. Prof 92 Beta Theta Pi 242- 3 Bib and Tucker 355 Burton. M. L.. Dr 34 Cadet Officers 558-9 Camp Fire Girls 373 Cap and Gown 356 Cap and Gown Day 481 Chemistry 55-60 Cheney, Prof 80 Chi Psi 244- 5 Chinese Students ' Club 374 Class Societies 353-68 Coffman. Dean 68 Commencement 482 Convocations 483 Cosmopolitan Club 375 Crack Squad 560 Crisis of 1880 71 Cyma 246- 7 Daily 490- 1 Debate 511-32 Dentistry 61-6 Delta Chi 248-9 Delta Delta Delta 322- 3 Delta Gamma 336 Delta Kappa Epsilon 25(V- 1 Delta Sigma Delta 252- 3 Delta Sigma Rho 343 Delta Tau Delta 254- 5 Delta Theta Phi 256- 7 Delta Upsilon 258- 9 Deutscher Verein 376 Economics Club 377 Education 67-72 Engineering 73- 8 Euterpean Club 543 Extension 540- 1 Folwell. Dr. W. W 7 Folwell Tablet 8 Football 399 20 Ford, Dean 86 Forestry 79-84 Forestry Club 378 Forum Literary Society 522- 3 Frankforter, Dean 56 Fraternities 221-314 Gamma Phi Beta 324- 5 Gamma Sigma Delta 344 Garrick Club 538 Geological Club 379 Glee Club 544- 5 Goph er 486-9 Gopher Day 484 Graduate School 85-90 Grey Friars 357 H. E. S. G. A 500 Hesperian Literary Society 526- 7 Hobart College Greeting 9 Home Economics 91-96 Honor Societies 341-52 Home Economics Association 380 Iduna 393 Incus 358 Inter fraternity Council 314 Intramural Athletics 437-58 Iron Wedge 359 Jazz Band 545 Johnston. Dean 38 Junior Advisors 508 Junior Album 131-220 Junior Ball 478- 9 Junior Corporation 81 Junior Ram _ 577-656 Kappa Alpha Theta 337 Kappa Kappa Gamma 326- 7 Kappa Pi Sigma 338 Kappa Rho Literary Society 521- 5 Kappa Sigma 260- 1 Komensky Club. . . . : 381 Lambda Alpha Psi 315 Law 97-102 Law Review 496 Le Cercle Francais 384 Live Stock Club 382- 3 Lyons, Dean 104 " M " Club 398 Mann. Prof 50 Masquers 536- 7 Medicine 103-8 Menorah Society 385 Military 555-76 Military Ball 480 Minerva 391 Mines 109-14 Minnehaha 493 Minnesota Magazine 492 Mock Convention 518 Moses. Major 556 Mu Phi Delta 346 Music Club 542 Nursing 115- 8 Nu Sigma Nu 262- 3 Oratory and Debate 511 Oratory in the Early Days 512 Orchestra 546 Owre. Dean 62 Pan-Hellenic Council 340 Pharmacy 119-24 Phi Beta Kappa 347 Phi Beta Pi 261-5 Phi Delta Chi 266-7 Phi Delta Kappa 308 Phi Delta Phi 268- 9 Phi Delta Theta 270- 1 Phi Gamma Delta 272- 3 Phi Kappa Psi 274- 5 Phi Kappa Sigma 280-1 Philomathian Literary Society 528-9 Phi Rho Sigma 278-9 Phi Sigma Kappa 276- 7 Phi Upsilon Omicron 330- 1 Pi Beta Phi 328- 9 Pillsbury, Gov 42 Pinafore 360 Players 539 Powell. Miss 116 Psi Upsilon 282- 3 Publications 485 Qill 386 Regents. Board of 36 Religious Activities 547 Scabbard and Blade 350 Scandinavian Society 387 School of Mines Society 388 Senior Advisors 507 Shakespeare Tercentenary 102 Shakopean Literary Society 530- 1 Shenehon, Dean 74 Sigma Alpha Delta 361 Sigma Alpha Epsilon 284- 5 Sigma Alpha Mu 286- 7 Sigma Chi 288- 9 Sigma Delta Chi 309 Sigma Delta Psi 348 Sigma Nu 290-1 Sigma Phi Epsilon 292-3 Sigma Rho 310 Sigma Tau 362 Sigma Xi 349 Skull and Crescent 363 Sororities 315-340 Spanish Club 389 Stage and Music 533 Student Self-government 497 Students ' Catholic Association 553 Svithiod 291-5 Tam O ' Shanter 365 Tau Beta Phi 311 Tau Beta Pi 351 Tau Kappa Epsilon 296- 7 Tau Shonka 366 Tau Sigma Delta 352 Thalian 395 Theta Delta Chi 298- 9 Theta Epsilon 396 Theta Sigma Phi 339 Theta Tau 300- 1 Thulanian 302-3 Tillikum 367 Track 421-31 Trailers 393 Triangle 368 Union Board 509-10 University Council 498 Vance, Dean 98 Vincent. President 30- 1 Webster Club 532 Wing and Bow 391 Women ' s Athletics 459-76 Woods, Dean 44 W. S. G. A 499 Wulling. Dean 120 Xi Psi Phi ' . 304-5 Xi Psi Theta 312 Y. M. C. A 548 Y. M. C. A. Building Campaign 549 Y. W. C A 551 Zeta Kappa 313 Zeta Psi 306-7 Index to Advertisers E. E. Atkinson Company 622 Augsburg Publishing House 654 Brooks Piano Company 628 Bureau of Engraving 653 Burr-Patterson Company 645 Charlottesville Woolen Mills 650 Collegeman ' s Headquarters 626 Collegiate Business Institute 644 Corona Typewriter Sales Agency 627 A. P. Dickey Mfg. Company 649 Dill Collins Company 652 W. B. Dimond, Tailor 627 L. S. Donaldson Company 611 Louis F. Dow Company 642 B. F. Goodrich Company 640 Hammond Typewriter Company 641 C. J. Hibbard, Photographer 629 E. I. Horsman Company 647 Hotel Del Prado 613 Hotel Dyckman 645 Hotel Vendome 647 Jenkins Bros., Valves 629 Johnson Field Mfg. Company 649 Florinda E. Kiester. Artist 641 Louis Lefebvre Company 622 Malcolm Studios 635 Minneapolis Business College 648 Minnesota Co-operative Company 625 Miller Studio 651 Minnesota Phonograph Company 630 Morgan-Eklund Company 634 New England Furniture Company 620 R. C. Nielson. Ladies ' Tailor 637 Mrs. Noble — Dancing 636 Northwestern Knitting Mills Northwestern Telephone Company 636 Oak Tree 633 Perine Book Company 633 Peyer ' s Orchestra 641 C. W. Pyle Company 636 Quality Eat Garden 634 Radisson Hotel Company 624 Ritter Dental Mfg. Company 639 Shibley-Squyer ' s Orchestra 635 Simonson Bros. Mfg. Company 629 Southeast Business Men ' s Page 632 St. Anthony Falls Bank 633 Southern California Music Company..., 647 Tailor Schwimmer 645 G. F. Weber Studios 629 Weld Sons, Jewelers. r " " 1 In Retrospect THE first time that we wrote this last word we thought that we were reviewing the most important work of this year. Now the wliole aspect of the thing is changed. The countless nights of anxiety and work, the pleasures forsaken, the classes missed have shrunk into insignificance in the face of the present national crisis. We have dreamed of the time when we could go back to our classes and startle our professors with the statement that we were prepared on the lesson. Now we are preparing to leave school. But even with all of the excitement we still remember the Golden Jubilee Gopher and the work and workers connected with it. The past year has been one of so much work that we can not easily forget it. Nor can we forget those people who did so much for the Gopher. We must make special mention of those people who often did work neglected by others in order that the Gopher might not suffer. First of all for the beautiful Art work, we must thank Prof. S. C. Burton and Seeman Kaplan who supervised all of the Art in the Gopher. They made possible a Gopher with Minnesota Art. To all of the numerous people who prepared drawings for the Gopher, to the department of Architecture, and especially to J. J. Liebenberg, ' 16, and George Fraser do we wish to express our gratitude. Among other members of the Staff we cannot refrain from mention- ing the names of Margaret Besnah, A. Kittredge Bailey, Ruth Dampier, Willis Lawson, Irene Hedin, and Raymond Overmire. These members of the Staff did not hesitate to sacrifice their personal comfort for the welfare of the Gopher. To the Girls who so loyally sold Gophers, to the Boys who helped in publicity, and to the entire class of 1918 we wish to give our thanks. Outside of the student body there were many who took a genuine interest in the book. Many of the faculty and of the Alumni both gave suggestions and material. E. B. Johnson especially helped us with his immense store of knowledge of the University. For the excellence of the engravings and the printing of the Gopher two firms are responsible. The Bureau of Engraving and especially Mr. J. J. Sher aided us in many ways. Their service was beyond reproach and the many hints we received from them were invaluable. To the Augsburg Publishing House we cannot give too much credit. One of the most pleasant memories of the year will be that of the time spent at the printers. Every person in the firm had a real interest in the Gopher. Mr. W. 0. Lund and Mr. Andrew Carlson gave all that they had that the Gopher might be a beautiful job. To those two men we must give the credit for the freedom front mistakes and for the beautiful color work. We are hopeful. That is the only thing that will save us. We hope that the purchasers will like the Gopher, that all of our bills will be paid, that the mistakes will be few, that the Profs will not can us, and that some day we may return to the University. EjO- 656 ■ . t it,., r " i , n • ' fJ ! _Z ' ■-...■■ ...:.■.... .-- —- .j j.-.-— .k. .j.-. .t.... - .—.-.. — :.- ji

Suggestions in the University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) collection:

University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1915 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1916 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1917 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1919 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1920 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1921 Edition, Page 1


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