University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN)
- Class of 1899
Page 1 of 352
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 352 of the 1899 volume:
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ln hope that this his heart may cheer
Ufhen he looks back upon this year
find vows that never class the peer
Of 'QQ sought entrance.
We, to a man of virtues Qreat,
But whom we ne'er appreciate,
To E. B.Johnson dedicate
Ghis book in fond remembrance.
F ANY shall have sufficient interest in this book to give it
more than a passing notice, they will find that in several
ways we have endeavored to leave the beaten paths that
have so generally been followed heretofore. Much that is
simply tabulation, and that can be found by reference to the
University Catalogue, has been replaced by what we hope will
prove to be of greater interest. Class Histories have been
assigned to innocuous desuetude, and we hope that for this
reason, if for no other, the experiment that we have tried will
be judged in a kindly spirit as is due to any honest effort to
alleviate the miseries of a suffering humanityq In social inter-
course an introduction in the regular form is the best, though
not an absolutely sure safeguardpagainst being cut dead by
even those ,with whom we suppose we are acquainted. There-
fore, although we have in other respects avoided conventionality,
in this we must follow custom.
Dear Reader, we beg leave to present to you our little
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Colleges, Jcllools and Qeparlmenls. ,
The University Of Minnesota comprises tlIe following namedxcol-
leges, schools and departments: ' .Q
TI-IE GRADUATE DEPARTMENT.
THE COLLEGE OF SCIENCE, LITERATURE AND THE ARTS.
The School of Technical and Applied Chemistry.
TIIE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING ANII THE MECHANIC ARTs.
THE SCHOOL OF MINES.
THE COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE.
The School of Agriculture.
The Dairy School. .
THE COLLEGE OF LAW. i
THE DEPARTMENT or MIEIDICINE, composed Ofcolleges as follows:
The College of lldedicine and Surgery.
The College of H omoeopathic Medicine and Surgery.
The College of Dentistry.
The College of Pharmacy. 'V
The Regents of the University have also entrusted to their charge
THE EXPERIMENT STATION.
THE GEOLOGICAL ANII NATURAL HISTORY SURVEY.
PRESIDENT NOR TIIROP
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Eloquence, the power to stir the hearts of men by effective
speech, is one of the rarest attainments of mankind, one of' the
richest gifts of fortune: for he who possesses it holds his fellow
men in fee.
The University ol' Minnesota may well he proud ofhaving for
President a man who stands second to none in the land in this
rare accomplishment, and one who adds to the charm of the
orator thosc enduring qualities-strong sense and stout heart.-
The most casual visitor on the
most ordinary occasion cannot fail
to see how President Northrop
holds the University in his hand,
how quick is the response to his
wish, how genuine is the affection
ofthe students, how hearty and
absolute their confidence in him,
but one who comes to know the
University as it is, will be surprised
to see how strong is the bond by
' " which he holds all-regents, pro-
Prcsirlcnt Nurtlzrap at ,lx years ofagc,
. I' '
the year llc entered Yah- College. fesso S' Students' enlployes'
While the obedience, affection
and confidence is undoubtedly the tribute to his level head and
tender heart, it may well he doubted whether it would ever have
been so generously given except as a tribute to his ready speech,
his rare wit, his inspiring thought, his expression of tender
President Northrop began early to show those faculties for
which he is now so famous. While a student in college he won
prizes in oratory, and before he was thirty years of age he had
achieved fame as a political speaker, even in -those days of giants
which preceded the war. During the civil war and for a period
of twenty years ending with 1876, he probably made more pub-
lic addresses in Connecticut than any other man, with the ex-
ception perhaps of Senator Hawley. These addresses were not
written, have not been preserved, and could not be reproduced,
but they stamped themselves upon the character of his native
state, enlarging and uplifting its thought.
They were character-
ized by great earnest-
ness and by an elo-
quence which deep feel-
ing over the mighty
issues of the hourcould
hardly fail to produce.
Even in youth he pos-
sessed in an unusual
degree those physical
gifts which aid so much
the effective thought of
the speaker. His form,
his presence, his coun-
tenance were com-
mandingg add to these
the eye twinkling with
wit, the lips trembling
with emotion, and the
From ll photzwraplz taken when President Northrop
was Pro essor of Rhetoric in Yule College.
voice deep,' rich, flexible and sympathetic, and it is no wonder
that crowds listened with delight to his words.
During the early part of this period while he was editor of
the " New Haven Palladium," he had political aspirations, and
was regarded by the wise in political circles as a sure winner of
public favor. But fortune had better things in store for him.
He was offered in 1863 the chair of Rhetoric and English Litera-
ture in Yale college, and for twenty-one years devoted himself
with great success to the exacting duties of that professorship.
When in 1884- the popular professor of Yale was called to be the
Prcsiclcnt NortI1rup's Birthplace.
President of the University of Minnesota he found his true sphere
-a difiicult and responsible position, for which few men in any
generation are really fitted. In assuming this position and in
winning his way at once to the front, his power as an orator
stood him in good stead.
Few who heard his address at the inaugural ceremonies,
which were deferred until commencement in '85, will ever forget
the promise to the University which opened to them in that
speech. It was not in any specific thing which was said, but in
the power and spirit of the man. All that the successful years
have brought forth were fore-shadowed in that address. It is
impossible to quote single passages which shall represent the
weighty thought of the whole address, still more impossible to
indicate upon the printed page the force of words made vital by
the voice, the presence, the living earnestness of the speaker,
Presialent .vOI'lIH'U1I'5 Present Home, corner ol'Tc11tll Avenue nm! Sixth Street S. 15.
"Real education is something more than the mere acquisition ol'
knowledge. It is the appropriation of knowledge in such a way as
to produce power. Real education is sell' education. It is the result
of work done by the student and not for him.
"1 am not indifferent to the acquisitions of students, but I am far
more concerned in their growth. I am not indillerent as to what
students shall study, but I am more concerned as to how they shall
"The University ought, doubtless, to throw some light upon the
future path ol' its seholarsg but it ought also to keep the culture ofits
scholars as broad as possible to the very last moment of their student
"A very common demand at the present time is that education
shall bei'practical'-a very just demand, indeed, if by 'practical' is
meant 'llSCllll,'-lJl.Il1 a very degrading demand, indeed, if 'practical'
means merely 'money-making!
" This country is prosperous enough, Minnesota is rich enough to
give an education to her sons and daughtersg and if through over-
valuing wealth or undcrvaluing learning, this education is not gained
by the youth ofour commonwealth, a most terrible mistake is made.
The life is more than meat: thc man is more than his environment.
7lu nhore is Il scene tnken from the Hrrm npon which President .Yorthrup was horn.
"The education ofthe students in the University will be but a part,
and not necessarily tl1c larger part, of the good which the University
will do. Its iniiucnce ought to be felt not here alone in the academic
building, but in every school in the whole state. It is not the common
school which pushes up the Universityg it is the University which
pushes up thc common school. lt does this by setting up a higher
standard of excellence in scholarshipg by opening wider and more
interesting fields of studyg by creating a better and more positive
taste for learningg by holding out inducements to every scholar to
pursue his studies longer and avail himself of all the advantages of
education furnished by the stateg and by stimulating scholars and
teachersalikc to do good and faithful work, by the prospect ofreward
in admission to the higher work ofthe University."
And in closing he expressed this wish, which all his relations
with the thousands of students who have since gone forth from
the University have helped to realize:
"I hope that all our students, as they graduate and go out into
the world, will look to this place as to what was once their home,
and what in a very high sense was their birth-place, that they will
have pleasant memories ofsoinething besides recitations and lecturesg
that they will recall many a word of counsel, of encouragement, of
inspiration, given to them by tl1C instructors outside the lines ol' daily
The "West Lane District School," where President Northrop rcecircll his first instrzu.-tmu
1'0UtiUei and that, HS the .Years pass on, they will love to come back
to ns and encourage us in our work, by showing what noble men and
women they have become. That is the kind ofloyalty to the Univer-
sity we should seek to inspire, a loyalty horn ofthe remembrance that
here, in the very crisis oflife, kindness and sympathy were experienced,
here intellectual power and moral earnestness were acquired, and here
an inspiration to a true life was given, an inspiration whose voice has
been heard in all the years that are past, and, they know, will never
be silent in the 'years that are to come! "
Never did President Northrop's power of earnest speech show
itself in a more marked manner than in his address on agricul-
tural education delivered before the Minnesota Horticultural
Society in January, 1887. A great danger threatened the Univer-
sity. It was proposed to separate the Agricultural School from
the State University, and make it an independent institution
under entirely distinct management. The idea had been brewing
for years, its advocates had appealed strongly to class prejudice,
The Old ll'cIl on the Nurtllrop llunlcsteml.
and at last the plan was pushed by a strong political party.
Then it was that the wisdom and tact of the President inani-
fested itself. He did not stand alone in his efforts. The whole
weight of Governor Pillsbury's powerful influence was thrown
into the scale, and thus the unity of the University was preserved
and the state was saved from the curse of two or three weak,
struggling institutions, instead of one strong and vigorous.
No farmer who had ever grasped his hand could be made to
believe that he was an aristocrat, who would teach students to
look down upon honest laborg no man who listened to his words
could doubt that he was the man to whose wisdom and guidance
should be committed the education ofthe children ofthe common
people. They felt his heart throbbing through his words and
they could not help trusting him. He said to them:
" My early years were spent upon a larm, where l became iainiliar
in a practical way Kvith the whole routine ofa l'armer's lile, what his
work isg and I believe I know what his needs are so far as they relate
to education and preparation lor his work.
" It is not because 1 happen to be president ol' the University that
loppose the establishment ol' a separate college of agriculture. 'l'he
separation ofthe college olagrieulture from thc University would not
impair the usefulness of the University in other directions, unless,
indeed, the State, burdened with the support of two institutions,
should withdraw its support from the University and thus stop it in
its career of progress, upon which it has fairly entered and to which
it challenges attention. l do not understand that the most earnest
advocate ofscparation desires to impair the power and usefulness of
the University. Hut I oppose the establishment of a separate college
of agriculture, as a citizen ol' the state. 1 oppose it because it will
involve a needless expenditure ol' money to establish it, and a much
larger expenditure of money to carry it on every year than will be
required lor doing the same work in the University already established.
I oppose it because it involves heavier taxes without corresponding
benefits. I oppose it because it is unnecessary, and if established will
never accomplish what its supporters hope. I oppose it Hnally because
we are in the midst of an experiment with the college of agriculture,
and it remains to be seen whether or not we can meet both the wants
and the demands of the larmcrs. I have only to add that whenever it
shall be proved that some other arrangement than the present will be
benclicial, I For one shall heartily welcome the new arrangement."
He showed them the sophistry in the arguments which had
been drawn from the experience of other states, showed them
what had already been done for the farmer and how willing he
was to do anything more that should promise to be of real ben-
efit. He showed them the fallacy of hoping by any system of
education to prevent many of their sons from seeking other
" I shall regard it as a sad day for the country when the ranks of
the professions and of trade and of manufacturing and of banking
can no longer be recruited from the sturdy, and energetic and honest
sous ol' farmers in the country. The best blood in all lines ofaetivities
in our large cities has come from the country and from the homes of
farmers. Long may it be so, and lar distant be the day when through
any compulsion, social or physicahesoteric or exoteric,sons of farmers
shall be shut up to an education purely agricultural, and be forced,
against their OW11 tastes and inclinations, to follow the occupation of
their fathers. As the mingling of nationalities and creeds and pur-
poses and tastes helps the process of assimilation in our national life,
so the mixing of families in ditierent pursuits keeps all out of a rut,
and adds to the life and activity of the whole. When, then, farmers
complain that so many iarmers' sons go into other pursuits than
tarming, they complain ol' what is for the best good ofall concerned.
What we need to look out for is not lest farmers' sons should go into
other professions, but lest fil1'l1lCl'S,XVllClll'lCI' the sons ol' farmers or not,
should be uneducated and unfit for their work."
And in closing he made this stirring' appeal:
"The State of Minnesota has many things of which she may
justly be proud. Her territory is a royal domain of magniheent pro-
portions. Her soil is of surprising lertilityg her climate is most invig-
orating. Her people are enterprising, enthusiastic, united. Her rapid
progress in material development,in populatiou,in wealth,eommands
the attention, the admiration, the wonder ol' the whole country.
Beyond her is a territory stretching from the Mississippi tothe Pacilie,
the future homes of millions, whose wealth will pour itself in endless
iiood into her borders. The State so great in material resources is
hardly less great in her liberal provisions for education. She ought to
feel pride in her highest institution, her University. What, then,
shall the University of Minnesota be to the State of Minnesota?
Shall it be a real university, or shall it,bc dismembered and divided,
one part here and another there? Shall it be a university or a conled-
cracy of high schools? Shall it be to Minnesota what I-Iarvard
University has been to Massachusetts, Yale to Connecticut, and
Princeton to New jersey, the University of the State and thus of
national reputation, or shall it be one ofthe Universities of Minnesota
and so unknown beyond the State? It is not the university ofthe
regents who govern it, nor of the iaenlty who teach in it. It is the
University of the State of Minnesota. To the State of Minnesota,
therefore, I look with confidence for such wise and liberal action as
shall preserve the University from mutilation, shall enable it to keep
abreast the age in its learning and teaching, and shall make it an
institution where all sound learning may be gained, where the rich
and the poor may meet together on equal terms and may secure an
2 . A , I education good enough for the highest while not too good for the
loyrap lcd ' lowest. And for the accomplishment of this I appeal to you, gentle-
men, as intelligent members of the most powerful body oi' workers in
the commonwealth, to give it your hearty and effective support."
We can not wonder that these words and this spirit, together
with the wise foresight which provided for our present course
in agricultural education, completely won the case for the
Prcsifleni. Xortllrop nt lfV0rk ill his Ullice.
While it has been practical questions, connected with the
institution which has grown with unexampled rapidity under
his wise management, which have largely engrossed the aim
and thought of President Northrop in the fourteen years of
his life in Minnesota, still he has made himself felt in otherlines.
His course of lectures upon Shakespeare has been given several
times at the University and always to delighted audiences, and
the course or separate lectures from it have been enjoyed by the
people of several towns of the State. Of this course the "King
Lear " is usually considered the finest. It is a most powerful rep-
resentation of that great tragedy. Good judges who have seen
the best actors of the day declare that never upon the stage have
they seen the grand and pathetic character of this wonderful
tragedy so vividly presented as in this lecture. The passion, the
tenderness, the heart-break of the old king come living and real
from the heart of the speaker, and the tones in which he utters
Airs. CJ'l'llS .Y1Jfllll'01l. '
such lines as "If ye yourselves are old," will cling to those pas-
sages forever in the minds of those who have once heard them.
The most diflicult to describe, because the most delicate and
evanescent of all, is the happy humor of President Northrop,
who that l1as sat in the University chapel as a student, can ever
forget the rounds of laughter, the tumultuous applause, the
joyous good-comradship which these sparkling sallies of the
President produced. His wit never comes afterward,like the
bright thoughts of most of us, it is always ready, always to the
point, but always so apropos that apart from time and circum-
stance it looses halfits charm.
Perhaps one of the best exhibitions of this power was his
address at the Semi-Centennial Celebration of the University of
Michigan in June, 1887, at which time he completely won the
hearts of our neighbors of' the Peninsular State. The speech
cannot be separated from the attendant circumstances, and it is
impossible to represent it by quotation, but from the opening, in
which he responded to President Angell's fiatterin g introduction,
in the words: H I am merely a man, made a little lower than the
The tree at the extreme Icft is ll nmplc tree plnntcal by President Northrop when a boy.
Angells," to the rare blending of humor and pathos in the clos-
"I congratulate all friends on the prosperity of the University,
and, as we shall tbllow in the dim distance behind you, without any
soreness of heart because you arc in advance of us, we shall hope
before the day closes and night shuts in, to get so near to you that
you. can hear our voice bidding you God-speed as you go forward, and
we can hear your voice bidding us God-speed as we come on."
It was the complete expression of that genial spirit which
those who know him know so well.
No sketch of President Northrop's eloquence would be co1n-
plete without reference to those which may be called religious
utterances. His deep abiding faith, tinged with no aseeticism,
marred by no bigotry, makes him always a welcome occupant of
the pulpit of any denomination.
His religious feeling, strong and deep, which he expressed in
prayer at chapel exercises, or in addresses before religious gather-
Thc Church which Prcsiflcnt Northrop attcmlv.-:I when :1 boy,
ings in connection with the University, not only 'forms a bond
which endears him to the hearts of the students,but is one ofthe
strongest influences eounteraeting the spirit of doubt and skepti-
cism so often prevailing in institutions of learning. We quote
from an address, "A Silent Revolution,".rgad before the Minne-
sota Congregational Club:
" We have plainly reached a point where Sinai tails to terrily. We
have not yet reached a point where Gethsemane and Calvary lail to
move the hearts of men whenever they are presented by those who
show in their spirit and their life that they are the true followers of
jesus Christ. lf, therefore, the church shall show the spirit of love.
ofbenevoIence,ofunseliishness, ofinterest in the welfare ofothcrs that
jesus displayed, it will be sure to advance in a triumphant course, tor
it will present in its own life and work the very best exempliiication
of the loveliness of character produced by faith injesus Christ. But
if it shall stop short of this, and be satisfied with something as unlike
this as the Pharasaic mora!ity of the jews was unlike the all-embrac-
ing love of-Iesus, it will fail utterly in its work. If we are to depend
lor the future of thc church upon the love of jesus as a power to move
men, unaided by the terrors of the law, we must show what that love
ofjesus is, what it can make men do, what it does make us do, what
it makes the whole church do, and thus prove to everyone outside of
the church that the best thing in the world is the lovc of God in Jesus
Christ, and the noblest products of that are Christian men and women
so filled with the spirit of Christ as to be ready to do tbr their fellow-
creatures--not what they can with low discomfort-but like Christ,
who pleased not himself, do for them all that is in theirpower,whether
with discomlbrt or not. The central power in the religious thought ol
the agetodayis the life ol'Christ-and in the great conflict in the world,
and especially in this country, between belief and unbelief, the central
power wielded by the church must be the life of Christ, lived over
again by the church in the same constant course of blessing to man-
kind. The church must not be a mutual admiration society-nor a
eoterie of ' I am holler than thou' respectable believers. It must bear
on itself the image ofChrist, and must work as Christ worked,so that
whereyer it goes with its ministry of love and its proclamations ot
grace, the most unbelieviug shall feel and shall say that Christ has
And so, whether given in words of wisdom and inspiration
when the heart is strong for life's duties, or in tenderest utter
ances of sympathy when sorrow and bereavement rend the heart
strings, the gift of speech of our beloved president is the expres
sion of the throbbing heart ofa great, good man.
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ll ' V1
Clive xoard of .9?eyoni.r of Me ?ln1'uer.sv?.y of Wbznesoia.
THE HON. JOI-IN S. PILLSISURY - - - Regent Har Lik.
THE HON. DAVID M. CLOUGI-I, Minneapolis, - - Ex-Officio.
The Governor of the State.
CYRUS NoRTHRoI', LL. D., Minneapolis, - - Ex-Officio.
The President of the University.
THE HON. W. W. PENDERGAST, M. A., Hutchinson, Ex-Officio.
The State Superintendent of Public Instruction.
STEPI-IEN MAIIONEY, B. A., Minneapolis,
SIDNEY M. UYVEN, Minneapolis, -
AI.IfIIoNso BAXRTO, St. Cloud,
M. R. TODD, Preston, - -
WILLIAM M. LIGGETT, Benson,
A. E. RICE, Willmar ----
ELMER E. ADAMS, IS. A., Fergus Falls,
GREENLEAE CLARK, M. A., St. Paul,
SAMUEL G. SMITH, D. D., St. Paul,
- . CHARLES P. SIGER-
Foos was born on a
farm near Arcanum,
Ohio, May 4, 1865.
He spent his boyhood
in Arcanum, where he
attended the public
schools. The fall of
1883, he entered the
Ohio State University,
where he spent two
years in preparation,
and four years in col-
lege, graduating as
Il. S. with the class of
'89, Two years were
spent in the Ohio State
University as assistant
in Zoology, and one
year in the University
of Virginia, as an in-
structor in Biology.
He then went to the Johns Hopkins University, where he spent
three years as a graduate student and two years as assistant in
Zoology and Embryology and received the degree of Ph. D. in
1897. He has spent six summers in biological work at the sea-
side in jamaica, W. I., and in Massachusetts, New York, North
Carolina,--one summer employed with the United States Fish
Commission, and another as an instructor in the seaside labora-
tory of the Brooklyn Institute. In 1897 Prof. Sigerfoos was
called to the University of Minnesota,where he holds the position
of assistant professor of Animal Biology.
FRAULEIN IDA SCIIESEN was born in a picturesque little sum-
mer resort situated on the banks of the Rhine. She secured her
early education at the Government School of Germany, graduat-
ing in 1885, where she passed the Hohr Staats examinations.
Fraulein Schtien then taught in Germany, France and England,
coming to the United
States in 1892. She held
il position for several
years in Miss Master's
School, Dobbs Surry, New
York, and came to the
University of Minnesota
in 1897 to take the posi-
tion of her sister, Frau-
lein Marie Schiien, who is
now studying abroad.
During her vacations
Fraulein Ida Schoen has
been studying for the de-
gree of Ph. D. in Paris.
FREDERICK WILLIAM SAR-
DEsoN, instructor in Paleon-
tology, was born at Oswego
Mills, La Fayette county,
Wisconsin, in 1866. At the
age of four his family re-
moved to Argyle, Wisconsin,
and here he attended the
graded schools with varying
regularity until his seven-
teenth year, when he entered
Augsburg seminary of Min-
neapolis. The courses of
this school not being satis-
factorily arranged to suit
University as sub-freshman
with theclass of '91, graduatingfrom the Literary section with his
Mr. Sardeson, he entered the State
of Wbm esoia.
class. During the summer of '89 and '90 he was employed
under the direction of Prof. C. W. Hall of the Geology Department
in geological field Work and in buildinga Paleontogical collection.
The same work was continued during three years of graduate
study. In '92 he received the degree of M.S. and later was elected
a member of the Geological Society of America. Duringthe years of
'92-'93 and '93-'94, Mr. Sardeson served as scholar and instructor
in the Geology Department of the University. In '94 he went to
Baden and studied for the degree of Ph. D.underDr. G. Stemmann
at the University of Freiberg. Mr. Sardeson, in addition to car-
rying on his studies,did considerable original research work. His
examination for the degree Ph. D. was passed Hmulta cum laude"
in August, '95, Mr. Sardeson has written numerous papers on
geological subjects, which have been favorably received.
KUNZE was born in
1872 at Sleepy Eye,
Minnesota. He lived
on a farm during his
boyhood and attended
school until the age of
seventeen, when he be-
gan to teach school in
Brown county. Hc
then attended the pre-
of Hamlin University
for two years, after
which he entered thc
University of Minne-
sota and graduated
with his class in '97,
receiving the degree ot'
B. S. Mr. Kunze was
one of the charter mem-
bers of the Shakopean Literary Society and was also editor-in-
chief of the '97 Gopher. He was appointed assistant in chemistry
at the beginning of his sophomore year and has served continu-
ously in that capacity until last spring when he was made in-
structor. Mr. Kunze is a member ofthe Sigma Xi Honorary So- he
cietv and also a member ofthe American Chemical Societv. In
1S9'7 C. W. Hall and Mr. Kunze together published a hook on ?!72lU6'2'.S'l4y
Physical Geography, which has received much favorable mention. f lnnesa a
MR. HrN'roN was ed-
ucated at Rugby
School. He obtained a
scholarship at Balliol
College, Oxford, and
took highest honors in
schools. He subse-
quently studied Phys-
ics in Oxford and Berlin
and was for some time
engaged in teaching
Science. He was ap-
pointed head master of
the Victoria Public
School in Yokohama,
Japan, but resigned the
position for one under
the Japanese Govern-
ment, which afforded
him the opportunity of
prosecuting his mathematical work. In 1893 he was oiiered a
post at Princeton, New Jersey, where he remained for four years
as instructor. In 1897 he was appointed assistant professor of
mathematics in the University of Minnesota. Mr. Hinton is the
author of several books besides papers on mathematical and
physical subjects. Among the best known ofhis publications are
"Scientific Romances" and "Stella," In the last named book he
has used fiction as a vehicle for representing in a popular form
some of the thoughts and speculations of modern mathematics.
MAnEMoIs1sLLE H. CLOPATH, whose native land is Switzer-
land, graduated at the College of Aigle-Canton de Vaud. She
began early her art education, inspired by the beautiful scenes of
her country. She studied also in Germany, in Dresden, and in
Munich under the best foreign artists. She has traveled much in
Europe and thus has had abundant opportunity for seeing all the
noted art treasures of the old world. For several years she had
charge of the art department of the American College for Girls in
Constantinople, and here in the far East she found many delight-
ful subjects for study
she soon made for herself
an enviable repution in
her artistic work. Last
year the University secur-
as an instructor in the
DR. HISNIQY A. SANn1sRs
was born and reared in
the state of Maine. After
passing through the com-
mon schools he attended
the Maine State Normal
School at Farmington,
and later the Coburn
Classical Institution at
among the picturesque
an d c uri o us scenes.
path's work as an ar-
tist has been as versa-
tile as might be ex-
pected from the many
places in which she has
studied and lived. She
has worked in every
landscape, portrait, in-
terior, still life and
flower studies. In Sep-
tember, 1 895, she came
to Minneapolis, where
Waterville. From there he went to the University of Michigan
where he took the degree of A. B., making a specialty of
Latin and Greek. Dr. Sanders then came to Minneapolis and
taught in the Central High School for two years, and the follow-
ing year in the Central High School of Kansas City, Missouri.
From there he was recalled to the University of Michigan, as in-
structor in Latin and Greek, where he remained for two years.
In 1894, he took his second degree ofA. M. from the University of
Michigan, and in the years of '95 and '96 he studied at the Uni-
versity of Berlin, Germany, and the years of '96 and '97 at Munich,
where he took the degree of Ph. D. In 1897 he was called to the
University of Minnesota, where he has the position of instructor
af. ,C -ll ,T L M
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Cvnus NUR'l'IlR0l', L. l.. D., - - - Prcsiilent
lVII.I.IAmI M. I.Ioc:Ic'r'I', - - - -------- Dc-an
I-IIENIIY W. BRliXVS'l'liR, li. A., l'h. D , - - - Professor ol' Mathematics
li. A., Minn., '87, Ph. D., '92. -
SAMIIIQI. 15. GIQIQILN, ---- Professor of l'lOl'f2lCl1li.lll'C and Forestry
B. A , Mass. Agr. College, '79.
0'I"I'o I.uc:I:IsIe, Ph., D., ------ Professor of Entomology
' Ph. D., johns Hopkins University.
HARRY SNYDIER, ll. S., ------- Professor of Chemistry
B. S., Cornell U., '89.
T. L. H.xIieIcIaIz, ------- Professor of Dairy Husbandry
MVRON H. RIcYNOI.ns, M. D., V. M., Ph. G.,
Professor of Veterinary Medicine and Surgery
B. S. A., Ames flowaj, '86, D. V. M., '89g M. D., Drake, ,919 I'h. G., 'Ul.
Wll.l.lE'l' M. HAvs, B. Agr., ------ Professorol'Agriculture
B, S. A., Iowa Agr. College, 'S5.
'l'IIoM.xs SIIAW, ------- Professor oi' Animal Husbandry
CIIAIzI.Ias R. ALIJIIICII, - - - Protessor of Carpentry and Drawing
ALVIN D. GAINS, M. A., ------- llistory, Civics anIlM1Isie
' M. A., Dartinonth, 'S5.
WII.I.I.nI A. RoIIIaIz'I'soN, B. S., ------- . - Physics
ll. S., Carlton, '2-15.
,I.'A. Vx'If:, --------- I'enInanship and Accounts
H. A. LIzoNIIAIIsIaII, ------- U. S. A., Military Tactics
U. S. Military Academy, West Point, '2-ll. -
J. M. Dmsw, ------- 1'oultry and Blacksmithing
Winona Normal, '83.
ANIIIIIQW Boss, - - - ' ----- Dressing and Curing Meats
Minnesota School ofAgriculture, '9l.
Wll.I.lAhI Boss, -------- Carpentry and Engineering
E W. MAIIoon, M. A., B. S. A., ---- Arithmetic and Athletics
M. A., B. A., Iowa State University.
jI:NIA'rA S. SIIIQIIIIAD, M. A., - - . ---- Domestic Economy
FLORIQNCIQ A. I3RIcws'rEn, --------. I,il,1-in-ian
VIRGINIA C. MIEIXEIJITII, ---- Preeeptress of the Ladies Department
It is said that seven cities claimed to be the birth-place of
Horner. Similarly, tl1e School of Agriculture of the University
Of Minnesota is blessed with many fathers. But unlike Homer,
the school has not had to die to gain celebrity, in fact the more
vigorous it becomes the greater becomes the number of those
who would gladly acknowledge it as their immediate offspring.
The advantage of the school in accomplishing its purpose,
however, is that, like the Constitution of the United States, it is
the product of no single individual but is acoinpromise of dilferent
Opinions backed by strong desires for raising the standard of life
on the farm.
3: Q :
Furm School D0lIlfLO1'iCS.
Nine years ago there were two students in agriculture in the
University of Minnesota and the faculty of the College of Agri-
culture was the faculties of literature, science, and arts with an
additional professorship of Theory and Practice of Agriculture,
but no man to fill it.
Points of weakness in agricultural education up to this time
were too many years in the course and too many months in the
Year. The expense was too much, the undertaking too great.
These, coupled with the fact that no agriculture was taught, and
that those who did enroll in what was named the agricultural
course were called "hayseeds" by the other students, had a dis-
couraging effect. Listen to an observing farmer: "I noticed that
the first year when my neighbor's son came back from the Uni-
versity in June, he took hold of the work on the farm very Well,
although his hands blistered somewhat the first few days. The
second year when he returned, I saw him holding a scraper in
road work while he wore a white shirt, collar, neektie, and cuffs.
The third summervacation I sawhim at home,but he did 1lOih.1'1ll
Iflcctric Ligllt Plant.
work except to drive harvester a few days. This was the last
seen of the young man at farm work." He landed in the editor's
chair. So when the farmer tried to educate his son, he brought
forth not an educated farmer, but a doctor, a lawyer, an editor
or a teacher. Other states were getting like results.
Something had to be done. The outcome was the School of
Agriculture, which opened its doors in the fall of 1888. It was
the first attemptlto tit the institution to the conditions of the
farmer rather than the farmer to the conditions of the institution.
The basal principals are: Begin where the dis trict school leaves
off. Take the young farmer in October when the rush of the sea-
son is over, place him in an agricultural atmosphere where he
hears pigs, sees sheep, drinks milk, and listens in chapel to speak-
ers, all of whom were "raised on the farm." Teach the principles
Of science, but at the same time their application to his business.
Let him hammer iron, file saws, cut meat, churn butter, graft
plants, handle flowers, compare originals and breeds, see and feel
soils, run engines, and send him home in April to enter heartily
into the planning and execution ofthe summer's work on the farm.
That a right start had been made was evidenced by the pres-e
ence of forty-seven pupils the first winter. This number has
steadily increased until there are the present year in the regular
work of the school three hundred and ten students.
The prospectus of the school in 1888 names four instructors
and seven lecturers, horticulture seeming to be the only applied
subject in which the lecturer ventures off' as an instructor. At the
close of the first year nine instructors and no lecturers are men-
tioned. This fact is noted as being of importance. The tendency
from the first being to put the whole work in the usual class-
room-instruction form, rather than that of lectures which may be
adapted to more mature students.
The school started out with a course of two winters of six
months each. At the close of the third year the lines of practical
work, having increased and having taken on more definite forms,
the course was lengthened by the addition of another wintcr's
work. Dairy, chemistry, dressing and curing meats, handling
grain and machinery, blacksmithing, military drill, poultry,
power machinery, music and athletics were added in turn.
During the winter of '93, some members of the legislature
still thought the other students called the agriculturists "hay-
sceds" and pushed them off the sidewalk when they met them,
so there was quite a flurry about separating the agricultural de-
partment from the University and moving it off' into the country,
where the shoving and calling of names could not take place and
where the farmer boys would be away from contaminating infin-
ences of thc city.
The move had no foundation, came to naught, and has never
been revived. In fact the students of the School of Agriculture
live on most friendly terms with members of other departments
ofthe University. They meet business men,see the ups and downs
of city life, which loses its novelty, and the young farmer goes
back to his country home to become a. broader, better, and hap-
pier citizen for having come in contact with more of the world.
Board at the school has always been charged to students at
actual cost. Few attempts have ever been made by the students
as a body at regulating the course of diet. One young man did
once rise in the student body assembly and move that all bread
except "brown bread" be dispensed with, on another occasion
several young men,who had never been served at home with any-
thing better than tin spoons, did object to not having a change
when they came to school, and lastly, one young man with a ser-
ious bearing approached the secretary at the close ofa month and
asked for a reduction in the price of board because his appetite
had not been quite as good as when he was at home.
The school started with one building erected for its accommo-
dation and still known as"The Home." In succession there have
been erected Pendergast Hall, Chemical Laboratory, Dairy Hall,
Drill Hall, Dining Hall, Blacksmith Shop, Poultry House, Ladies'
Home, Heating and Lighting Plant, a building for the dressing
and curing of meats. ,
From the first the young men of the school of agriculture
have longed for the presence of somebody's sisters, the grangers
and the Dairymen's Association have asked, "Why are not the
farmer's daughters here?" The Regents thought so too, and for
three years they invited the young ladies each season, after the
young men had gone home, to come to the school and spend six
weeks at sewing, cooking, gardening and the like. The young
ladies responded heartily, so when the legislature at its session in
1897 fell into line and appropriated money for the Girl's Home at
the Experiment Station, the farmcr's daughter at the School of
Agriculture became an established fact. To accommodate her,
there have been added to the course of study, laundrying, phys-
ical culture, sewing, social culture, cooking, home management,
household art, home economy, domestic chemistry, hygiene and
sanitation. At the close of the lirst year of co-education in the
school, it may be truthfully said that the School of Agriculture
with the young ladies is to the School of Agriculture of former
years what the home is to the lodging-house.
-9' ' YELL:--Bang! Zip! Boomera!
A gre, Ole, .
Anderson, james, .
liecksted, J. F.,
Bacon, Chas. J.,
Bratrude, Albert, .
Buell, Max, .
Frame, Mathe w, .
Grout, Geo. P.,
Grover, A. H.,
I-Iall, Fred, .
Ingalls, George R.,
johnson, Peter M.,
jorstad, Thomas O.,
Larson, Charles S.,
Ness, Oscar, .
Oleson, Ever W.,
Pederson, Peter O
Perkins, T. L.,
Palmer, W. C.,
Ryder, Frank J.,
Boom! Zip! Baa!
'98, '98, Rah! Rah! Rah!
CLASS Cononsz-Orange and green.
. T. S. Pnmcms, .
. G. P. GROU'r,
. Red Wing
St. Anthony Park
. Castle Rock
. Sacred Heart
. . . Visa
St. Anthony Park
. Spring Valley
St. Anthony Park
. . Anoka
. Castle Rock
. Cherry Grove
. . Pennock
. . Dawson
Hankinson, N. D.
. Red Wing
. . Buffalo
O. E. OLESON, ........... Welch
"I have Il rnnn's head but a boy's umust'11chc."
H. G. CUMMINC-S, . . . . . . . . . . Minneliaha Falls
"I tell you, boys, they are ll frivolous lot flown there at the girJ's building. There
are only three that I woulrl like to many."
W. C. RomsR'rS . . . . . . . . . . Western
"I lrnin my voice on ten cent sheet music."
B. G. CLARK, . . . . . . . I-Iankinson, N. D.
"Aly strength is 2,600 pounds."
H. J. BERRY, . . . . . . . . Western
Ilnir Cut, Shampoo, Shnvc or Shine.
F. B. GUTHERY, . . . . . . . . . . . York, N. Y.
"I wish you would let me cnrry your books."
A. CARLYLE, . . . . . . . . . . . Lynd
"I nm little, hut Oh My."'
J. G. Howie, . . . . . . . . . . . . . Greenfield
"Much can bc nmdc ofa Dutchman ll' caught young."
W. ZEIGLER, . . . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis
"S1z,v! Ifyou bring any more such chickens into my class, you'll have :mother
trip to thc poultry house.'-'
IJ. A. GAUMN15'rz, ..... . St. Cloud
"I will cmnc rejoicing
Bringing in the shccps."
L. Wmmovnn, . . . . . . . . . . Dresbock
" When she to n basket lmllf:nn1e rioes hie,
He in hell cloth sleepless lie."
J. T. CROSS, ., . . . . . . . . . . . Childs
The only one not lzlfectcrl hy-the new element.
O. W. CROSS, . . . . . . . Childs
Our Klondyke prospector.
A. D. WILSON, . . . . . . . Homestead
"Frcsl1ies, rlo not match pennies."
M. B. LUND, A . . . . . . . . . . . . . Vinning
"My moustache lms zz strong attraction for evaporating 1lishes,phosphorus, etc." '
E. T. ICAMRUDE, . . . . . . . White Bem-
"I lead the dumb-bell class."
MARTHA DENISON, . . . . . . . . . . . Faribault
The height your hope lmth found, your feet may reach.
A ...Q 4.
Nm.1.llc M. LANG,
ANNm M. Himsa,
C. E. MCGUIIRI5,
C. W. I-I.AL1f:, . .
B.J. HALVERSON, . . . ' . . . . . .
, , , , , . . Lon don
So sweetlv she bade me nrlien,
I thought she hazle mc return.
. . . . . . . . . Eagan Town
Brother: "Go thy way:
None shull ask thee what thou finest,
Or care zz rush har what thou lcnnwcstf'
. Q - . . . .
Qluflge thou me hy what I mn."
. . . Sumner
"Professor R. ports his lmir ln the mirlalle. I wear mine llUllI1l!l1l0lll'."
. . Norway Lake
"0h! I'emler1.,fnst llnll, llove lhet-still."
R. C. NICGUIRE, . . . . . Stillwater
A. R. LmoE'r'r, . . . . . . . . St. Anthony Park
A great hoy Ihr hash nml upricots,
R. S. IDOXYELI., . . . . . . . . Stillwater
The boy who Ilunlcvrl in t'nnkin,t:'.
ll. A Gluzv, . . . . . X . . . . . . . . Luke I-Ienry
A terror to evil floers nnvl n protector to those who :lo right.
F. M. SICK, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Duluth
"I have hurl my urm nronnrl a girl only once nll winter."
J. S'l'R40IlIil.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Medo
The hoy Ibunrl in the hlneksnlil h shop shnein,t,f n hen hy electric light.
gl. D. LAGIQSON, . . . . . . . . . . . Chippewa Falls
Mnrl'ic'4l.' Hush ll layc hulry on the trec lop, '
H. G. KRUNIE, . . . . . - . . . . .. Minneapolis
F. MAllSIIALl,, . . . . . . . . .
O. F.TANN1m. . . . . . . . . .
O. R. FxNs'rAi1, ........., ,
C. H. Lmu'1'LY, .......
Helo V011 hy the girls.
. Crow River
ll' you seek his monument look nruunfl.
Full ol' nohle things.
. White Bom'
Jlolal thou the goorl QSHIIIIHIIIICUIIS cqnusionl aleline it well.
"Surely I will he wiser in n year."
.S. Wm.r.ANn, . . . . . . . . . . . '. Moscow
The simple, silent, selfless :nun is worth an ivorlfl ol' ton,t,'ucst'rt-ss.
. I.1suMAN, . . . . . . . . . . . . Mound Pmhie
KA new lfiSCOVCI'j'J. Plants inhnle C. O. tu.
. LUGGER, . . . . . . . . . St. Anthony Park
"Horny has just had his annnz1lh1zttle."
. TA1.1.1e, . . . . . . . . . . . . . A. Kenyon
The mlm who says: "Mr. Wye says, 'lt is wery hot to-rlny,"'
Pnov. Wm. RonER1'soN,
' fGoclfatherj, London.
Prof. E. W. Mayhood has become greatly alarmed at the at
traction Prof. R.'s head has for books and cases and it
traction for hair. The former, upon entering his room one even
mg, ound his bookcase and books sticking to the latter's head
like iron filings to a magnet.
u41x1ly ?7" 1
2 'gaoflgggf 'li N
,f K' , Zglf-ffbw M Q N
M: f' Q Y N
L "ff, lim '
Lx S asa. A 2 Y of N
Xg,.u QS, J
Xxxgly K ,X N! X X "
Qaparfmenf ,,,5ZT.... A,.. ... V.,V.,, ,,,., ..,......, H,
i lflli l , HW
f . ,, nw iTIi"'i ,I '
j 'I' 1' twill
, 3 A X , ,
W u lllll kr u
A il Li , I I l
li' i E' l i . 14 ,
.. -- . -. ...a........i.....,
paratively new, and
5719 .cam Jchool.
N THE EAST it will not be conceded that a
school of law in a Western State will begin
to compare with the old established and
magnificently endowed Eastern institutions.
Eastern educators look atlus through tele-
scopes, which are not in focus and whose
lenses are not as perfect and clean as they
should be. By those Easterners ourteachers
are adjudged inefficient, our systems imper-
fect and ourbuildings inadequate. Of course
this is a general impression and is enter-
tained no doubt becauseithe West is com-
because the great wealth' of the country is
L11 w Librurv. '
concentrated in Eastern States. Our masses for the mostfpart are
looked upon by our Eastern brothers as uneducated and un-
cultured. They conclude that our demands for grand law schools
are not urgent. They regard the West in very much the same
light that a law student regards a country town where he hopes
to begin his career as a practitioner, and where he expects to rule
as a controlling spirit. But the young lawyer learns when he gets
upon the scene of his labors that there are minds equal and
superior to his own, and that there are hills to climb here as
The Dczufs Room.
The Minnesota Law School possesses most if not all of the
prerequisites of a perfect law school. It has not the prestige of
the old institution whose alumni number in the thousands. It
has not had the good fortune to be the recipient of million dollar
bequests and donations, but through the munihcence of a wise-
dispensing sovereignty the law school has its fine building and
equipment, a corp ofinstructors unexcelled as teachers, and adean
who is at once a scholar, an executive, a master hand at directing
and managing students in their study ofthe great and puzzling
subjects of law.
The Minnesota Law School is new, but already its graduates
are filling positions ofpublic' trust. From its inception it has had
a marvelous growth. It at once satisfied a long felt want. The
sons of the best people in the vicinity entered its doors the year of
its creation. Graduates of Yale and Harvard and other eastern
colleges registered for the course. The books of the institution
show that sixty-seven persons entered the first year. The enroll-
ment for the school year 1897-8 has reached 4137. In point of
numbers the Ann Arbor Law School, Harvard Law School, and
the New York School of Law are ahead of us, but we are crawl-
Prof. Paige in his ollicc.
ing up fast, and in another decade will probably be entitled to the
honors of first place.
The College of Law of the University came into existence in
the early part of 1888. Provision was made in the University
Charter for the establishment of the law school at the proper
time. The Regents took action in the matter and created the de-
partment by electing a dean and a corps of instructors and lect-
urers selected from the most erudite and ablest lawyers available.
The natal day of the College is September 11th,1888,when it was
formally opened by Dean Pattee in an address before the Regents
and members of the department upon the subject, "The Science of
Jurisprudence." The Dean also outlined his policy which has been
pursued to this day with greatest success.
The department started out with quarters somewhatcramped
and inadequate to the needs of the lecturer and the student, it
being compelled to make use of rooms in the old main building of
the University. The Regents, however, recognized the necessity
of bettering the conditions, and recommended the construction of
a regular law building which would meet not only the require-
ments of the present but also of the future. In the spring of 1880
bids were called for and plans submitted. The summer following,
work on the new building was well under way and it was ready
for occupancy in October of that year. It is a beautiful building
yet simple it its elegance, and in its combination of expensive red
brick and sandstone certainly attracts the eye of the stranger and
Sightseer. The entrance is marked by a grand arch, which adds
much to the beauty of thebuilding. There are three lecture rooms
On the main floor, the largest one being after the plan of an am-
phitheater. One of the smaller rooms is also for the use of the
Law Literary Society, the other one for post graduate students.
Upon the second floor is the library of 7,000 volumes, most of
which are arranged for the convenient use of the students in the
large reading room. The offices of the Dean, Professor Paige, and
Professor Hickman are also situated on the second floor. The
building is fitted throughout with all the latest appliances and
. The standard of admittance to the Law School is as high as
Similar Eastern institutions. The faculty well recognizes the im-
portance of barring the doors to those persons who show any
dlsqualifications. The degree of LL. B. is conferred upon the
Candidate who has pursued the three year's course only after due
Consideration of his merits and demerits. The courses of study
are unusually rigid and severe, requiring the most earnest and
conscientious study and attention. Those who have received their
bachelor's degree are eligible to enter for graduate work leading
110 LL. M. In September, 1897, a course leading to the degree of
Doctor of Civil Law was instituted.
The system ofinstruction is comprised of the different methods
deemed most efficacious by the instructors. Each lecturer has his
0Wn ideas in respect to what is the best method to be pursued.
Students differ so that it is impossible to apply one system with
uniform results. Then subjects are different. It is absolutely
essential that a chart or analysis be followed in the study of such
subjects as Blackstone. By the analysis method the student gets
a conception of the framework by means of association. The
student's work in the law school is not limited to the lectures, but
he is required to read collaterally in the best textmbooks and re-
ports. The product of the school is not case-layvycrstlmim
required that the student investigate a number of the leading
cases on each branch ofjurisprudenee. Following this method he
Law RCCfflltiOll Room.
becomes discriminating and discerning. He gets an experience in-
valuable to the lawyer.
Thekeen lawyermustbe a good listenerg the learned lawyer a
careful reader. With these facts in view the law school seeks to
train the student so that he will be able to observe quickly and
acutely, to be able to think rapidly, and to express himself orally
or by written means in the best manner possible. The student is
made to talk and talk in class. He is asked to present a case in
all its details, or as respects a given point. He is expected to state
the principle of law lueidly and plainly and without hesitation.
He is called upon to give the facts, being enjoined to give only
those pertinent to the point of law he is illustrating. After these
things, it is but natural that he arrives at the conclusion of law
logically and correctly. No attempt is made to acquaint the
student with all the details oflaw. This is impossible. But he is
U-fged to engraft upon his mind at least a few of the leading prin-
Clples. He is quizzed and examined in each subject. The questions
would seem very hard to the law student of Eastern law colleges,
but our student, owing to the thorough drill he has had in the
subject, has little or no trouble in answering the questions.
The moral atmosphere of the law school is of the purest. The
boys are admonished to be men. They are warned when warn-
fngs are needful. They are told that in the profession oflaw there
IS .room for men as well as lawyers. They are urged not to he-
C0me shysters and contingent fee lawyers,but lawyers who strive
to attain the high standard of their ideals, and who well recog-
nize the force and meaning of the two words, truth,justice.,
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WILLIAM S. PATTEE, LL. D., Dean,
Department of Contract and Equity jurisprudence.
A Mr.William S. Pattee,our
worthy dean, comes of a
staunch New England fam-
ily, whose first representa-
tives in America emigrated
from England to Massachu-
setts in the year l66O,forty
years after the Plymouth
settlement. Mr. Pattee is a
Maineite, as some of his in-
teresting reminiscenses indi-
cate. He was born at jack-
son, Waldo County, Me.,
September 19, 184-6. His
early life was spent on the
Farm, where he developed a
robust frame and healthy
body. Even while at the
plow he found time to study,
and his ambitions to become
so mebody were already
cherished. He was an irregular attendant at the Maine Wesleyan
Seminary for three years, during this time supporting himself by
teaching and by other-4 means at hand. Later he entered the
sophomore class of old Bowdoin, from which he graduated with
honors in 1871. He was orator of his class and delivered the
class oration. Mr. Pattee was especially distinguished, while
nourished by his alma mater, for his excellence in the arts of de-
bating and oratory.
Mr. Pattee has been somewhat of a teacher almost all of his
life. Upon graduation he assumed the principalship of the public
schools at Brunswick, Me. He has also served as professor of
Greek in the Lake Forrest University, Illinois, delivering lectures
at the same time in botany and kindred subjects. In 1874 he mi-
grated to Northfield, Minn., havingbeen appointed superintendent
of schools at that place. He was admitted to the practice oflaw
in 1878. He is notable as a lawyer. He was elected to the House
of Representatives in 1885, and his record as a legislator shows
him to have been an able lawmaker. Besides having conducted
his regular duties as Dean of the Law School, Mr. Pattee has
found time to write a number of valuable text books which arein
use in a number of the law schools throughout the country. He
is a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity.
JAMEs PAIGE, A. M., LL. M.,
Department of Domestic Relations, Partnership, and Agency.
Mr. James Paige was
born November 22,1863,
Mr. Pattee, comes of the
good old New England
stock. His father was
the first chaplain ap-
pointed in the War ofthe
Rebellion under President
Mr. Paige received his
high school education at
Phillipps' Andover Acad-
Cmy at Andover, Mass.,
from which he was grad-
uated in 1883. The de-
gree of Bachelor of Arts
Was conferred upon him
at Princeton in 1887.
His college life was
marked by his interest
in college affairs. He was a member of the Cliosophic Society, and
was Class President. His work as a student was of the highest
Order. In the contest for the Baird Prize he won first place, and
he received honors in economics at commencement. Mr. Paige's
masters degree also comes from Princeton. His LL. B. and LL. M.
were received from the University of Minnesota.
Mr. Paige, though yet a young man, is one of the best lect-
urers in the law school. His manner of presentation is such as
C0mmands the attention of his hearers, and he impresses the
students with the idea of taking to the study of law seriously.
HC is a logical, clean-cut speaker, an excellent teacher, and afin e
Scholar. He is a member of the legal fraternity of Phi Delta Phi.
A. C. HICIQMAN, A. M., LL. B.,
Department of Pleading and Practice.
Mr. Hickman was born in Columbiana County,Ohio,in 1837.
His youthful days were spent on the farm. His collegiate educa-
tion was received from Allegheny College, Pennsylvania, from
which he was graduated in 1862. While in college he belonged to
the leading literary society and took an active interest in school
affairs. The rudiments oflaw were learned at the Ohio State and
Union Law College at Cleveland, Ohio.
The year 1864- found him at Owatonna, Minn., where he im-
mediately began the practice of his profession, and with great
success. In 1866 his constituents of Steele County elected him
Superintendent of Schools, and in 1868 he served as judge of Pro-
bate. Mr. Hickman for four years was known as"Senator Hick-
man," owing to his connection with the senatorial body of the
State Legislature. As a legislator he was remarkably efiicient
and his ableness was often commented upon by his fellow law-
makers. It was in 1887 that Mr. Hickman came to St. Paul,
where at once his influence and ability were recognized. For a
number of years he was a member of the St. Paul City Council,
over which body he presided for a time as president. He was ap-
pointed to the Faculty of the Law School in 1896, and has con-
ducted the classes in Pleading and Practice. This new position
caused his removal to Minneapolis, where he has since resided.
He is a member of the Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity. ,Mr. Hickman
has the wonderful capacity of retaining in his mind hundreds of
law cases, and the thousands of points theyillustrate. He knows
the Minnesota reports from first to last volume. The students are
unanimous in the opinion that nobetter"judge"than Judge Hick-
man could be procured for the moot court work.
HOWARD S. Armo'r'r, B. L.,
Department of Corporation Law.
Mr. Abbott is a Minneapolis product both by birth and by
education. He was born in 1863. He is an alumnus of the Uni.
versity of Minnesota, having received his graduation degree in
1885. In looking over his college record we learn that he was a
very prominent actor on the college stage. Among some of the
positions he held are Editor-in-chief of the Gopher, Managing ed-
itor of the Ariel, Manager Track Events, Secretary, Treasurer
and Vice-President Oratorical Association, Officer in the Hermean
Literary Society. He is afiiliated with the Delta Kappa Epsilon
Fraternity. He was admitted to the bar in 1887, since which
time he has served as assistant counsel for the'St. Louis 8: Sioux
Railroad, Secretary of the Wisconsin, Minnesota 85 Pacific Rail-
road. He renewed his practice in Minneapolis in 1896. He at
present holds the position of Standing Master in Chancery ofthe
United States Circuit Court.
Mr. Abbott's active experience in railroad matters and cor-
P0ration aiiairs has aided him greatly in mastering the details of
corporation law. He is a fine writer,having a good literary style.
He has written a number of able articles and papers on legal sub-
Jects. He is a great lover ofthe best authors, and often reads in
class short excerpts from some notable work. He is an earnest
teacher and compels conscientious work from the students.
JOHN DAY SMITH. -
john Day Smith was
born in Litchtield,Kenne-
i bec County, Maine, Feb-
ruary 25th, 1845. His
boyhood days were spent
upon a farm and in at-
tending country schools.
1 In june, 1862, when
seventeen years of age,he
enlisted in Company "F,"
19th Maine Volunteers,
and went immediately to
Washington. His regi-
ment was attached to the
Second Army Corps,
Army of the Potomac.
He was at the battle of
Burnside, at Chancellors-
ville under Hooker, and
at Gettysburg, Bri stoe
Station and Mine Run under Meade. At Gettysburg his regiment
lost one-half its number in killed and wounded. He started out
in the campaign under Grant in 1864-, and was in the battles of
the Wilderness, Spottsylvania Cwhere his corps at the "Bloody
Angle" captured three thousand prisonersj, Po River, Cold Har-
bor, North Anna, Totopotomy, Petersburg and Jerusalem Plank
Road. The latter engagement put an end to his active military
life. He was one of the six non-commissioned officers detailed as
color-guard, all of whom were put hors de combat in this last
engagement. He was shot through the side of his head and lay
upon the field of battle over night. His recovery from this wound
was very slow and he was discharged from the service by reason
thereof in April, 1865.
After Mr. Smith's discharge from the army he entered the
Waterville Classical Institute to prepare for college. He gradu-
ated from Brown University, Rhode Island,In 1872. His scholar-
ship in college is attested by an election to the Phi Betta Kappa
Society. While in college he becan1e a member of the Zeta Psi
Fraternity. He received the degree of Master of Arts from his
Alma Mater in due course. After his graduation Mr. Smith be-
came principal of the Worcester, Massachusetts, Academy,which
position he held for three years. In 1876he entered the service of
the Government at Washington in the Interior Department. He
took a course of instruction in law in the Columbia University
and had among his instructoigs Justices Strong and Miller of the
United States Supreme Court. The degrees LL. B. and LL. M.
were conferred on him by that institution in 1879 and 1881 re-
spectively. For three years he was lecturer on the Lavw of Evi-
dence and Torts in Harvard University.
Since 1885 Mr. Smith has been in the active practice of law
in this city. He is senior member of the firm of Smith 85 Parsons
with ofiiccs in the Minnesota Loan 8a Trust Building. In 1889
Mr. Smith was elected to the House of'Representatives and served
in the State Senate from one of the Minneapolis districts in 1891
and 1893. He was elected Department Commander ofthe Grand
Army of the Republic, Department of Minnesota, in 1893. He is
a member of the Calvary Baptist church.
Mr. Smith has lectured on the Law of'1'orts and Criminal Law
at the College of Law, University of Minnesota, but is now the
lecturer on American Constitutional Law.
C1'1AR1.Es B. ELL1oT,
Lecturer in the Department of International Law.
judge Charles B. Elliot was born in Ohio, January G, 1861.
His father was a farmer. Mr. Elliot received his early education
in the common schools of Morgan County, Ohio. He taught
school before he had attained the age of sixteen. He spent three
years at Marietta College, and received his degree of LL. B. from
the Iowa State University in 1881 . He entered the law office of
Barnan 85 Jayne at Muscatine, Iowa, where he remained a year.
He contributed a number of interesting articles to the Central
Law journal. Later he was appointed one of the editors of that
paper. He held this position for eighteen months, being com-
pelled to give up his editorial work because of failing of his eyes.
He came to Minneapolis in 1885. In 1888 the University con-
ferred upon him the degree of Ph. D., he having pursued a post-
graduate course in International Law and History. He also
possesses the honorary degree of LL. D., given him by Iowa Uni-
versity. He has served as Judge of the Municipal Court, and at
the present time sits on the Bench of the District Court of Hen-
nepin County. He be-
longs to the honorary
fraternity of Phi Beta
Though yet a young
man, Mr. Elliot is ofhigh
attainments. Heisa pro-
lific writer on legal sub-
jects, and all his produc-
tions are marked for ad-
mirable exactitude, and
evidence his erudition.
His treatise on "United
States and the Northeast-
ern Fisheries" is a not-
able work, and has been
much extolled. His work
on private corporations,
produced in 1895, was
written especially for the
students of the Law
School,and is commendablebecause it presents in condensed form
a great mass of puzzling law. H
one V M
of fam. F
,. -x . Mw-
Ulm .fuiziar Class.
Samuel G. Anderson.
George W. Buck.
Guy B. Brubaker.
Sidney W. Bagley.
Haseal R. Brill, jr.
john N. Berg.
Norwood W. Brockett
Walter T. Cowper.
Perl C. Cornish.
Isaac j. Dunn.
William F. Ewart.
Horace T. Eddy.
Frank A. Eckman.
Louis R. Frankel.
William C. Fitch.
Westley L. Foster.
William E. Gooclfellow.
Nelson S. Gotschall.
john F. Gibbons.
Bjorn B. Gislason.
Alfred L. Hill.
Robert A. Hastings.
Lawrence E. Horton.
Fred A. Hubbard.
john M. Harrison.
Pfdolph E. L. johnson.
Ira j. johnson.
Carl G. Krook.
Edward A. Knapp.
Norman L. Kennedy.
Parker W. Kimball.
Charles F. Keyes.
Albert B. Loye.
j. H. Lane.
Henry N. Lohrcn.
Theodore H. Lans.
Walter T. Lemon.
William A. Marin.
Ernest B. Mills.
William M. Morse.
Alfred A. Morton.
Charles H. Murphin.
john J. Murphy.
Charles G. Pai-lin.
Ruppert G. Patton.
j. E. Payne.
Lorenzo N. l'nl'ler.
Lorenzo E. Parker.
john B. Pattison.
Frank H. Polk.
William R. Porter.
Albert E. Rhamc.
Horace R. Robinson.
Severin S. Swenson.
Harry S. Swenson.
Harvey W. Stark.
joseph F. Sinallidge.
lisra R. Smith.
Frank A. Stewart. A
A. B. Thompson.
Allred L. Thwing.
Leon H. Taylor.
Weir W. Wilson.
Clarence F. Walsh.
Samuel j. Williams.
Albert C. Wandrei.
Ferdinand O. Willins.
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Conrad A. Arness.
Robert C. Avery.
Robert H. Byron.
Stephen H. Barlow.
Russel S. Bunker.
Agness B. Clinton.
I-Ioward B. Chamberlain.
Claire C. Crandall.
George L. Covell.
Chester H. Ellsworth.
Charles E. English.
john M. Freeman.
G. M. Grey.
Emory S. Hill.
B. S. Harris.
james D. Harris.
Ernest W. Holmes.
Robert B. Hall.
Charles G. Hayden.
-Iohan L. Hallstrluu.
Peter A. Holm.
Edward E. Ives.
joseph B. Illig.
John W. Kielhe.
john C. Kearney. -
john P. Lavelle.
Bert J. Miner.
Walter C. Morgan.
Henry A. Monroe.
il. Edward Meyers.
Willis C. Otis.
Edward A. Oehsner.
William E. Pierrard.
George H Rogers.
Herlmert K. Reli'.
Franklin IJ. Redfield.
Harold D. Strouud.
Charles l.. Trabert.
Mertie E. Sullivan.
Anton B. Thompson.
Ernest W. Thompson
Samuel A. Walker.
Orpic C. Whithed.
Edward O. Wergedahl
Charles IJ. Rheor.
J. D. Harris.
Norman L. Kennedy.
George ll. Caldwell.
Stelle S. Smith.
William l. Ewart.
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.fzklory of Me College of W0dI'0l'H0 and Jur-gary.
In the constitutional act, adopted by the people of the Terri-
tory of Minnesota in 1853, a provision was made for a depart-
ment of medicine and surgery in the University of Minnesota.
The Board of Regents of the University technically complied with
this provision, when in 1882 they established the so-called Col-
lege of Medicine and Surgery. This was not a college for teach-
ing purposes, but merely a State Board for the examination of
applicants for a license to practice medicine in the state.
At this time there were in the Twin Cities a number of small
medical schools working independently of each other. Their
limited equipment and lack of laboratory facilities made it impos-
sible to keep pace with the rapid advance of medical knowledge.
The more progressive citizens and physicians of the state had
long realized this condition of affairs, and many efforts were
made to unite the colleges in St. Paul and Minneapolis into one
strong medical institution, which was to be supplied with the
best equipments and facilities for thorough instruction in medical
The then existing examining faculty, or technically the Col-
lege of Medicine and Surgery, numbered among its members the
leaders in this line of thought, and the enactment of the medical
law of 1887 is mainly due to their efforts. Under this law
a Board of Medical Examiners was to be appointed by the
On the 7th of April, 1887, a committee, consisting of Dr. P. H,
Millard, Dr. C. N. Hewitt, and Dr. D. W. Hand, made a written
report to the Board of Regents of the University of Minnesota,
presenting the necessities of a school of medical instruction with
a high standard of didactic, laboratory, and clinical teaching,
and urged the establishment of such a school in connection with
the State University. Falling in line with these suggestions, the
trustees of the Minnesota Hospital College and of the St. Paul
Medical School offered to the state the use of their properties for
the establishment of a state medical college. On February 28th.,
1888, thefproperty was accepted by the Board. The following
month the Board of Trustees of the Minnesota Homoeopathic
College offered to surrender its charter, provided that the School
of Homoeopathy should be represented in themedical department
of the University. This offer was also accepted.
In the fall term of 1888, the Department of Medicine of the
University of Minnesota began its career. It then consisted of
the College of Medicine and Surgery, the College of Homoeopathic
Medicine and Surgery, and the College of Dentistry. In 1892,
the College of Pharmacy was added by a special grant of the
The naming of a faculty was intrusted to a committee con-
sisting of Cyrus Northrop, LL. D., President of the University of
Minnesota, Dr. P. H. Millard, Dean of the new Department of
Medicine, Dr. D. W. Hand, President of the State Board' of
BncterioIo1,fy La lmra tory.
Health, Dr. Geo. F. French, President of the State Board of
Medical Examiners, and Dr. Chas. F. McComb, President of the
State Medical Society. The persons nominated by this com-
mittee were elected members of the faculty by the Board of
Regents, as follows:
CvRUs NoRTuRoP, LL. D.,
P. H. MILLARD, M. D.,
R. O. BEARD, M. D., .
A. F. Rrrcnns, M. D.,
H. M. BRACKEN, M. D.,
C. J. BELL, M. A., .
ALBERT E. SINKLER, M. D.,
Cius. H. HUNTER, M. D., . .
IEVERTON j. Allli0T'l', M. IJ.
Cuffs. A. WlIEA'FON, M. IJ..
F. A. DUNSMOORE, M. D,
Piuucs Rrrcuns, M. D.,
ALEX j. STONE, M. D.,
AMos W. AIXHOTT, M. D.,
C. EUGINE Rloos, M. lv..
Clms. I-I. BOARDMAN, M. ll.,
ARTHUR B. ANKER, M. U..
JAMES H. DUNN, M. D..
Crms L. WEI.l.S, M. D.,
JAMES E. MooRE, M. D..
M. P. VANDERUONCN. M. IJ,
W. S. LATON, M. D., . . .
j. CLARK STEXVART, M. ll..
JOHN F. FULTON, M. D., .
. . . . . . . President
Dean and Professor of Clinical Surgery
. . . . Professor of Physiology
. . . . . Professor of Anatomy
Professor of Materia Medica and Thereputics
. . . . . Professor of Chemistry
Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicine
Professor of'Clinical Medicine and Pathology
. . . Professor of Clinical Medicine
rofessor ol' Principles and Practice of Surgery
Professor ofClinical and Operative Surgery
. . . . . . Professor of Obstetrics
. . Professor of Diseases of Women
Clinical Professor of Diseases of Women
. Professor of Opthahnology and Otology
. . Professor of Nervous Diseases
. Professor of' Medical jurisprudence
. . . . Professor of' Hygiene
. Professor of Genito-Urinary Diseases
. Professor of Children's Diseases
. Professor of Orthopwdic Surgery
. . . . Professor of Diseases ol'Skin
. Professor of Diseases ofNose and Throat
. Professor of Histology and Bacteriology
J. W. BELL, M. D., Professor of Physical Diagnosis and Diseases ofthe Chest
E. C. SPENCER, M. D., ..... Professor ofSurgical Anatomy
A. B. CATES, M. D., .
W. A. JONES, M. D., .
BURNSIDE FosTIsR, M. D., .
. . . Adjunct 'Professor of Obstetrics
. Adjunct Professor ofthe Nervous Diseases
. . . Demonstrator of Anatomy
I.:1I1nr:1tnrv of Pllvsialo fv.
. . L.
r :pew - -W.-.
, 'A M
J',J1" ., '--':5
Yagi 1 X '
,jig 4 -:'
ProlI Bc.nrd's Private Laboratory.
It may be interesting to note a few of the conditions existing
during the first year of the life of the college, in order to better
understand the immense development attained since that time.
The college required three annual courses of lectures, of six
months each, for graduation. This was considered a radical
departure at that time, as, with but one or two exceptions, the
other Western colleges required only a two years' course for
graduation. In place of the present capacious, well-equipped
lecture-rooms and laboratories, the lectures were given in the
building formerly occupied by the Minnesota Hospital College,
The Mcrliczll Amphitheatre. '
at the corner of Sixth street and Ninth avenue south, Minne
apolis. A weekly clinic was also held in St. Paul. To get an'
idea of the extent of the laboratory course of those days, it is
only necessary to state that in its first announcement, the faculty
promised a course in Histology and Bacteriology, of not less than
six weeks duration, and that brief courses in chemistry and
anatomy were the only other laboratory features.
In 1891 the State Legislature recognized the growing im-
portance of the Department of Medicine, and appropriated 380,-
000 for the erection and equipment of suitable buildings on the
University campus. In the fall of 1892 MedicalHall was formally
dedicated, and shortly afterwards the present chemical laboratory
building was completed, its west end being used for chemical lab-
oratory purposes and its east end for the teaching of Histology,
Bacteriology and Pathology. Q A
With these magnificent buildings at its command the College
made rapid progress. It outgrew its purely didactic method of
instruction, and combined clinical, didactic, and laboratory work
so as to form a systematic course of study. Gradually, the en-
trance requirements were raised, the number of studies increased,
and the time to be devoted to the primary or foundational
branches lengthened. The existing laboratory courses were ex-
tended and others were projected. Practical results of these con-
tinued improvements soon followed and the Legislature and the
medical profession of the State were quick to recognize the merits
and needs of the Minnesota system.
In view of the increasing number of students, and the expan-
sion of the course of study, the buildings, which were opened in
1892, had speedily become over-crowded and inadequate. To
meet the situation the Legislature in 1895 appropriated 840,000
for a laboratory of the Medical Sciences.
This building provides room for the chairs of histology,phys-
iology, pathology and bacteriology in the College of Medicine
and Surgery and aifords accommodation besides for the College
of Pharmacy and for the Minnesota State Board of Health.. The
laboratories attached ,to these departments are models as to space
and lighting, and their equipment, still in process of completion,
will come up to the highest standard. The chairs of histology,
pathology and bacteriology have bench space provided with
natural and artificial light and with microscopes and accessories
for seventy-five students in each subject.
The chair of physiology supports alaboratory of experimental
physiology, and has opened, duringthe past year, a fully equipped
laboratory of physiological chemistry and dietetics. The courses
of instruction in all of these laboratories require the individual
work of the students, and aim at his practical training in matters
of technique, observation, and laboratory diagnosis.
When the department was founded in 1888, Dr. Perry H.
Millard was made Dean of the entire department, and was as-
sisted by Secretaries in the several colleges. In 1892 the College
of Pharmacy was added to the department. In 1893 the entire
department was reorganized,the several colleges were accorded a
large measure of independence in their internal management, and
Dr. Millard was appointed Dean,solely ofthe College of Medicine
and Surgery, and the Secretaries of the other schools became the
Deans of their respective colleges.
The Medical Laboratory.
Dr. Millard rendered conspicuous services to the Department
of Medicine and to the cause of medical education duringtlie last
twelve years of his life. He projected the Medical Practice Act,
which now regulates the profession of medicine in the State of
Minnesota, and has become, since its enactment, the type of med-
ical legislation for many of the States of the Union. He was the
most active spirit in the creation of this department, and as the
Chief Officer of this college, he carried it far toward the attain-
ment of a place among the leading institutions of America.
During the illness of Dean Millard, and after his death,on Feb-
ruary 1st, 1897, Dr. H. M. Bracken became Acting Dean, and oc-
cupied this position until the election of Dr. Parks Ritchie by the
Board of Regents in june of the same year.
During the eleven years of its existence, the College of Medi-
cine and Surgery has made progress in the extension of its annual
courses from six to eight and one-half months, in the establish-
ment of a four years', instead of the original three years' period
of stud yg in the adoption of a progressive system of entrance ex-
aminations,culminating in full academic requirements, in the con-
tinually increasing equipment of its laboratories, and in the de-
velopment of its clinical opportunities, by the addition of a large
staff of clinical instructors and assistants. To-day it ranks easily
in the first class of medical institutions in America.
Pmucs RITCHIE, M. D.
Surgery, was born in Indiana, where his boyhood days were
passed. He received his educational training at Franklin Academy.
the Dean oi the College of Medicine and
He was a"high private" in the War of the Rebellion, and took his
degree of M. D. at the Ohio Medical College of Cincinnati in 1870.
In 1881 he removed with his family to St. Paul, where he now re-
sides, and is engaged in general practice.
In the reorganization of the.St. Paul Medical College in 1885,
he was chosen Professor of Obstetrics. By the combination of
the rival medical colleges of the Twin Cities, the Department of
Medicine of the University of Minnesota was created and he was
again elected Professor of Obstetrics, which position he now holds.
He has been President of Ramsey County Medical Society, of
the Minnesota Academy of Medicine, and of the Minnesota State
Medical Society. In May, 1897, he was elected by the Board of
Regents to the office made vacant by the death of Dean Millard.
The strong executive management, and the increase of facili-
ties in clinical and laboratory instruction during the year, pre-
dict a prosperous career for the College of Medicine and Surgery
under Dean Ritchie's administration.
E. BATES BLOCK, M. D.,
The present Demon-
strator of Pathology
and Bacteriology was
born in Atlanta, Geor-
gia, where he received
his early academic
training. This was
continued at Bing-
ham's Military School,
North Carolina, where
he was Senior Captain.
F ro m Bingham's h e
went to the University
of Virginia, completing
his Junior year in the
and then entering the
medical school. After
graduating in medicine
from the University of
a year in Professor Welch's laboratory at johns Hopkins Hos-
pital, and then became one of Professor Osler's assistants in the
Hospital. His work in Professor Westbroolc's department began
Contributions by him to Bacteriology may be found in the
Johns Hopkins Hospital Bulletin, the Journal of the American
Medical Association, and the British Medical Journal.
Justus OHAGE, M. D.
Dr. Ohage was born in October, 1849, at Hanover, Germany.
He received a clinical education, after which he entered the med-
ical profession under the preceptorship of his father and Professor
Langerback. He completed his studies at the Universities of Gott-
ingen and Berlin, and after coming to the United States, entered
the Medical Department of the University of Missouri, graduat-
ing therefrom in 1880. He came to St. Paul in 1881, and soon
earned a reputation as a surgeon. He became a member of the
Ramsey County Medical Society in 1882, was elected its presi-
dent in '89 and re- A Q- .
elected in '90, He was
elected a member of the
State Medical Examin-
ing Board in 1892, and
became its president in
1895. He is an hon-
orary member of the '
Wisconsin State Med-
ical Society, and a
member of the Minne-
sota Academy of Med-
icine, the American
and a Fellow of the
German Society of Sur-
gery, of Berlin. Dr.
Ohage is a Staff Sur-
geon at the City and
County Hospital, St.
joseph's Hospital, St.
Luke's Hospital, and
Bethesda Hospital. In June, 1897, he was appointed Professor
cFwClinical Surgeryfin the Medical Department of the University
WINFIELD S. NICKERSON, Sc. D.
Dr. Nickerson was born at Barnstable, Mass. He graduated
at the Bridgewater, Mass., State Normal School and taught in
the public schools there for two years. He afterwards attended
Harvard University, receiving the degree B. S. in 1890, and Sc.D.
in 1894-. From 1891 to '94-, he was assistant in Ziiology at Har-
vard University. In 1894-'95 he was Professor, ad interim, of
Biology in the University of Colorado. In 1895-'96 he wasin-
structor in Mammalian Anatomy and Histology at Northwestern
University. From 1896 to '97 he studied in Europe, spending
most of his time in Germany. Last summer he was appointed in-
structor in the Department of Histology and Embryology.
M. Russel, Wrncox, M. D.
Dr. Wilcox, the Demon-
strator in Physiology,
was born at Henderson,
Minn., January 7,1869. He
received a common school
education and graduated
from the Henderson High
School. He was engaged in
engineering and construc-
tion work for seven years.
He studied medicine at the
University of Minnesota
and acted as Assistant in
Prof. R. O. Beard's Labora-
tory of Physiology for three
years. During this time Dr.
Wilcox perfected and in-
vented many new instru-
ments for the study of ex-
t experimental physiology.
After receiving the degree of M. D. from the University of
Minnesota, he has been engaged in the practice of medicine in
Minneapolis, and in June, 1897, was appointed Demonstrator in
President, . . .
Vice-President, . .
Secretary and Treasurer, .
Marshal, . . .
H. W. Darby.
George A. Gray.
H. M. Guilford.
R. I. Hubert.
E. M. Johnson.
Treasurer, . .
Anna M. Agnevy,
Jacob F. Avery, .
Robert Best, .
James H. Burgan, .
Haskell M. Cohen, .
H. A. Cool, . .
William H. Condit, .
Charles F. Culver,
Karl J. Endress, .
William J. Ferguson,
Charles G. Forrest, .
Harold E. Frost,
Guy Grafton, .
Sam E. Grout, .
Charlotte C. Hall, .
A. Dair Haskell, .
Frederick E. Haynes,
Anna Henry, .
Fannie Henry, .
Q . .
. . .
.N Mas. MARY E. Towrms
CI-IAS. L. CHAPPLE
Miss MARY E. RANSON
Wn.L1s E. IHARTSIIORN
C. H. Kohler.
F. J. Patton.
E. P. Quain.
Charles A. Reed.
J. N. Roadman.
W. R. Wells. ,
INGVALD J. HO'l'X'ED'l'
. GUY GRAFTON
Gus'rAv H. Lulrrkls
Flush P. STRATHERN
IBIQRTHA K. MACliliI.
1 ANNA M. AGNEW
. Hudson, Wis.
. . Madelia
. Freeport, Ill.
. Milbank, S. D.
. Pueblo, Col.
. . . Faribault
. . . Jersey, O.
New Rockford, N. D.
. . . St. Paul
. . Winona
. Eau Claire, Wis.
. . St. Paul
. Ann Arbor, Mich.
. Ann Arbor, Mich.
Ingvald J. Hotvedt., .
Orlando Ilstrup, .
Burt Kenaston, . .
Charles B. Lenont, .
Jennings C. Litzcnberg,
Gustav H. Ludtke, .
Bertha K. Mackel, .
john McNerthney, .
Robert S. Miles, .
Alexander S. Morgan,
joseph A. Prim, . .
N. Oliver Ramstad, .
Harry K. Read, . .
Edward C. Schoonmaker,
Albert W. Shaw, .
Anthony N. Sorenson,
Benjamin G. Steward,
F rerl P. Strathern, .
West J. Swartz, . .
Russel W. Tennant, .
George A. Tripp, .
Austin Ward, .
Ernest A. Ward, .
Frank M. Manson, .
. . . Ada
. Red Lake Falls
. . Glencoe
. Eau Claire, Wis.
. Eau Claire, Wis.
. Richland, Mich.
. . Minneapolis
. . . Kasson
Fort Missoula, Mont.
. . Rich Valley
. Fort Snelling
. . Stewart
Martin William Case, B. S., was born October, 26, 1873. He
attended the public schools of St. Peter, Minn., and in 1881 he
went to Europe to study the French and German languages. He
returned in 1885 and in 1888 entered the Minneapolis Academy,
graduating in three years later.
He then entered the University of Minnesota,graduating from
the scientific course in 1896. In the fall he commenced the study
of medicine in the medical department of the University.
On Nov. 19, 1897, he passed away, after a short illness.
Mr. Case was a conscientious student, a genial companion,
and a sincere Christian, and his manly qualities won for him many
true friends in the medical and academic departments.
Carl Huhn, B. A., was born July 11, 1873. He received his
elementary education in the Minneapolis public schools, and in
1891, entered the academic department of the University of Min-
nesota, graduating in 1895 with honors in Philosophy. In the
fall of '95 he entered the medical department and would have
graduated with the class of '98,
On March 7, after a two week's severe illness, he passed quietly
away. He was a member ofthe Beta Theta Pi and Nu Sigma Nu
fraternities, a member of the Presbyterian Church, and an active
worker in its mission and Sunday school.
His integrity and manliness won for him the love and admira-
tion of professors and students of both departments, and all feel
that there are few indeed, who during a short life,have exerted on
their associates such a strong influence for that which is good,
true, and manly, as did Carl Huhn.
Colieyo of .fomeopalhzb W0tflbl?20 and Jiuryery.
. . . , . . St. Paul
, . Minneapolis
L. W. Barber,
A. E. Booth, . .
Arthur T. Caine, . - - Stillwfltel'
W. j. Kendall, . - Window
G. R. Matchan, - - Zllmbfota
W. G, 1Vfaf-Chan, . . Zumbrota
IJARRY M. LUFKIN, M. D.
Dr. Lufkin, Professor
of Paedology in the
X. College of Homeo-
pat hic Medicine, was
born at Shelbyville,
Illinois, in 1860. He
received academic edu-
cation at the State
Normal School, and
graduated from the
ment of the University
of Michigan in 1883.
He attended the Uni-
versity of the City of
New York, then took a
six nionth's course at
the Polyclinic of New
York, and afterward
spent two years in Europe, studying under Henoch of Berlin and
Monte of Vienna, and serving as Interne at St. Bartl1olemew's
Hospital for six months. He located in St. Paul in 1887, was
appointed a member of the State Board of Medical Examiners in
1890, and was elected its President in 1896.
Asa F. Goodrich, M. D., the Professor of Skin and Genito-
urinary diseases, was born October 10, 1865. He pursued the
usual course through the grammar and high schools, and studied
dentistry in an office for one year. He took a course in the Penn-
sylvania College of Dental Surgery, and afterward entered the
"Hahnemann" of Philadelphia, graduating in 1889. In 1892 he
took a six month's post-graduate course at Hahnemann, and a
course of private instruction in Gynecology under Prof. B. F.
Betts. Since then he has been engaged in active practice in St. Paul.
New Instructors in the College of Homeopathic Medicine and
FRED L. BECKLEY, M. D., U. of M., '97.,
Assistant Clinician in Diseases of Women.
HENRY S. LIDDLE,-M. D., Hahnemann of Philadelphia, '97..
Assistant Clinician in Ear, Nose and Throat.
JAMES F. BECK, M. D., U. of M.,
Instructor in Minor Surgery and Bandaging.
of Zen fzlrirty.
J. E. Axmvs,
A 2' A.
R. W. BECK,
A E A.
A. S. CAMPBELL
H. C. Coovnxz,
C. P. Foo'rE,
R. H. GALLAGHE
C. B. GREEN,
E. A. HAGAMAN,
G. E. HALL,
H. S. Hitxunnso
A ZS A.
E. F. Hmvrz,
J. L. KELLY,
N. M. KING,
H. F. MARs'roN,
Une .funiar Class.
With n grn ve professional look,
His methods too new for any book.
. . . . - . . .
Yes, he came to the college so stately,
Hutjust plain Robert-now ln tely.
With engine and cord we'll gamble,
He'll make the profession scramble.
He with the lmrmlessjokes,
To be a musician is his hope.
His drawings are all the go,
But his Van Dyke very slow.
He's Irish by name,
While guessing is strictly his game.
A royalgvod fello w true,
He makes things nwhllly "blue."
With his discreet nnd polite ways,
lle's now struck E2 gait that pnys.
HllgHHlHll'S always in a pickle,
Always wants six for 41 nickel.
Says, "l1e'rl like to see the flny
When with the boys he cun't stay."
The air of n prince he strives to assume,
While with the prok. he tries to presume.
With the faculty at his back,
He trles to put dentistry on the right truck.
With much advice he's very free,
But oft-times himself gets up ll tree.
Tenor mul unknowns are his delight,
Atjokes ofthe profs. he eagerly bites.
Ile with the athletic spine-,A
At orthodontig zlon't he shine. s
E. H. PIIELPS,
O. E. Romuvrs,
H. E. THOMAS,
C. M. Toumxcls,
R. P. Uvnvms,
A IS A.
S. E. Wnrrnomc,
M. K. WHITTEMURE, .
S. A. WRIGHT,
. . . . . . . . . . Minnesota
A jolly good lifllo w-no nm ttcr
Though he hails from thc village down stream.
. . . . . . . . . . . Minnesota
llc studies to nifl the profession,
IVith siclcburns hc's right in thc procession.
. . . . . . . . . . . Minnesota
Thcrc's ll time to play, and n tinic to hum:
Hc'll hc zz senior' in time zu cumc.
. . . . . . . North Dakota
A Iignrc supcrh. Ahcm!
On lfrondwzzy ll hot number.
. . . . . . Minnesota
A inorlest, innocent look,
But wits lit Ru' a crnok.
Yes, l1e's nnr Hobby-llc sings,
lint, ah, such fncloclylh
. . . . . . . . . South Carolina
A n nflhblc and courteous gcntlenmn,
A representative uf the South.
. . . . . . . . Minnesota
His hair isjnst :1 hit,
. . . . . . . . Minnesota
Says lzolizlnys ure ,growl flnys,
The time when Operating Dcntistrypzzys.
. . .... . . . Minnesota
Ilc comes to collage tojolrc with the Imys,
Lectures and teaching arc only his toys.
Dcn tal Ln born t ory.
of Den izlrhy.
of Zen izlsiry.
SE 74 5
of Zen fzkiry.
Frederick J. lVuIling, Dunn 0f1lC1Hll'l'lHClIt ul'Pl1arm:1cy.
G. J. Demars,
J. L. Fitzgerald,
John H. Beise,
E. W. Theimer,
D. T. Carpenter,
Frank J. Nagal,
Oscar H. Wollner
. Hallock, Minn
. Westfield, Wis.
. . Buffalo
. . Excelsior
St. Anthony Park
E. T. Dillner,
Wm. L. Buttz,
Wm. G. Bede, .
Herbert C. Varney,
Isaac E. Mofritt,
Geo. Blackman, .
Charles W. Wulling,
Wm. E. Francis, .
Walter Lienan, .
. Lisbon, N. D.
. . St. Paul
Bathgate, N. D.
. . . Alden
. New Auburn
. St. Paul
President, , . . . . CARL C. BRENNER
Vice-President, - ROBERT B- HXYS
Secretary, , CORA M. FAIRHANKS
Treasurer, . M. V. LAMME
Orator, . . C. C. Cnosm'
Historian, , , WM. B. S'roU'rEMx'aR
Sergeaiit-at.Ai-ms, . . . . jonn C. Coxcnos
CORA M. FAIRBANRS, . . . . . . . . . Lanesboro
" Poetic Iiclrls encompass me nrnunrlf'
BENJ. ScuwAn, . . . . . . . . . . St. Paul
"Thy praise or clispraise are to me nlikc."
D1-: Rov R. Eucn, . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis
"Shall I go on? Or, have I said enough."
GUY C. CLARK, . . . . . . . . . . Augusta, Wis.
"Science may be learned by rotc,' wisrlom not."
WM. B. S'rou'rEMvmc, . . . . . . . . . Worthington
" The flying hour is ever on its w.f1y."
Aus N. Gunz, i . . . . . . . . Austin
" Logic is the 1uuz'ton1,v of thought."
Gao. H. Coot., . . . . . . . . . Faribault
- " Fidelity is seven-tenths of business success!
FRANK DRECHLER, . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis
" In vlillieult cases do nothing."
CHAs. C. Cnosnv, . . . . . . . . Langdon, N. D.
" Time glides with unfliseovcrezl haste."
GERTRUDE Donn, . . . . . . . . . . . Simpson
"Exceptional women should have exceptional rights."
CHAs. T. Scnwswzme, . . . . . . . . . . Mapleton
" The scene of beauty and delight is clmngcclf'
JOHN P. SCHOLTEN, . . . . . . . . . Winnebago City
"Analysis is thc clmructeristic of thc present nge."
FRANK HART, . . . . . . . . . . . Harmon
"Pence u'er the world her olive wand extend."
OSCAR Ssguxsr, . . . . . . . . . . . Jordan
" Rolljonlan roll."
FA DAVID L.jAconsoN, . . . . . . . . Decor:1h,Ia.
6 Lenin to L0llLLl1fl'1'lfL tIm11gl1t."
Caffe 6, THOMAS BRISCOE, . . . . . . . . . . Cottage Grove
ay "I scarcely 11mlcrst.'1111l my own intent."
of yaharmacy' Imvm EVANS, . . .A -.Q . . -. . . Delavan
1:AjH.llLl1LL 15 11,1 lllllllhll-K dL1llLlLI1.
P1111 rum cy Lnbor11tr111V.
C. H. Swztxsox, . . . . . . . . . . . . Red Wing
" S1111111 borlics with velocity 1111 rc Il grczntcr lIl0lHL'lllIIllI t11n11 llilft' ones without it."
H. M. LlT'l'Lli, . . . . . . . . . . . . . Kasson
" lic trnc to DVOIII' L'011I'iCliUHS."
MAXXX'ELL VAN L,xm114:, . . . . . . . Minneapolis
N " !VI10 can mistnkc grcnt fllOllA'hfS.H
CARL BRENNBR, . . . . . . . . . . . . Stillwater
" Wim llIiX'll 1'c11su11 with ph.-11s111'c, mul wisr1n111 with llliftllf'
ROBERT HAYS, . . . . . . . . . . . Vernon Center
" We livc 111 thc L'0IIS0ljllCHL'L'S ofpnst :u:tio11."
EDNA B. STu1,'rz, . . . . . . . . . . . . Owatonna
"Art is t11c npplicntimi of knvwlcrlgc to Il practic111cnf1."
E. P. VALLANCEV, . . . . . . . . . . . Graceville
" O11 1ilb's rust occ1z11 11i1'c1'sc1y We sail."
Joux ONSTA11, . . . . . . . . . . Wastedo
" Reason receives, llllll renson is his being."
AUG. W. PAEGE1., . . . . . . . .
"Procrastination is thc thief of time."
PERRY R. DAY, . . . . . . .
" Make cvcry dn-v thc best day."
ADOLPII HONG, . . . . . . . . . .
. Willmar, Wis.
"A page fligcstcrl is better than Il volume Izurricrlly rcml."
jonx C. CoNGnoN,
" 'Tis nature.-'s voice :mil nature wc oln.-bv."
Emu. C. Mm.s'rAn, . . . . . . . . .
"Ip1'cli'rsr1lirIs to solutions."
Enwm L. LEWIS, .
. . B1'ainc1'd
'. . . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis
" Mislmps ure nmstcffl by nrlvxcc lflSL'I'CCl.'i
O1.olf ANnr:RsoN, . . . . . . . . . . Minneapolis
" Wisrlam, sluw prmluct uf lnlmrinus ycnrs. '
WM. T. CUUGIILIN, . . . . . . . . . Carthage, S. D.
" The present point oftimc is .ull Llmu hast."
K ,,,Mg, fl"- F A
,',., ' I' -,".rg ff,.-- ,
, w.,,w,.. -... ..
rikliif nf -Nl' LY gif? "W X
V ,fi -f.ud3l' -
"'7' .' , 4. :,C,W' ug? . ' ' ' i .E-.795---1,
151 iffzffyiw if li ,., - A . , 52+--Q
- -J M' - 3 5.-1--2, 1 . f :w 'fm'fff' Z ,
f- ,4:. .4 ,..l , , .
. QI - 5 ,
7 ' -U - Af I iw-'ff'
C V - if -1-pri. ,
Y ' ' . ,V ' I ' F ' - -
- ..-1 'Z 41 "f",'3'
r,.,..f4-I Q f f' Vfff t L Bs.-i
Q t X4 ,Af K Q I
' f47,p K
Gan. Iollu S. I lllnlmrj, Ixc1.,'r.'l1t ol thc Uni
5.119 Qeparimeni of Csinybzeerhzg.
For nearly a third of a century Governor Pillsbury has been
the steadfast friend and benefactor of the University of Minne-
sota. For a long line of ungrudged service there are thousands
ofits beneficiaries who are ready to rise up and call him blessed.
Few of them, however, are probably aware of the crowning act
of this service.
The Special board of three regents, of which Governor Pills-
bury was one, appointed in 1864, had in the course of the four
years following, liquidated the old University debt, and rescued
the remnant of unsquandercd resources. It was a pitiable rem-
l Engineering Building.
nant, entirely inadeqate to the endowment of an institution to
wear the title of University. But it was a nucleus.
As early as 1858 the legislature of Minnesota hadlby law
located an agricultural college in McLeod County. In 1865 this
law was reconstructed in such manner as to devote to the college
so located Minnesota's share of the public lands granted by the
" Morrill bill" of congress, which had become a law in 1862, and
had been accepted by the legislature of 1864-. Here were 120,000
acres of land, worth 35.00 per acre, to constitute a perpetual
fund for liberal and practical education of the industrial classes
in the several pursuits and professions of life. The Morrill bill,
it may be here remarked, was carefully and purposely drawn in
such terms as to cover a general university endowment.
It was Governor Pillsbury's idea that if this endowment. could
be added to the remnant of the old University fund, that an in-
stitution might be organized which would justify the use of the
title UNIVERSITY in anticipation of things hoped for. Fortunately
no progress was had in the development of the separate agricul-
tural college located, so far as the letter ofa law could locate, in
a central county of the state.
Calling to his aid a skillful legal hand, and having before him
the laws of one or more older states organizing state universities,
Governor Pillsbury drafted the bill for the re-organization of the
University ofMinnesota, and on the thirteenth day of February,
1868, saw it passed by the legislature and approved by the
governor. Section seven embodies the idea of the author of the
bill-the splendid idea ofconcentration of resources for the higher
education in Minnesota. In this section it is provided that in
addition to all other endowments, there is inviolably appropri-
ated all the interest and income of the lands granted by the act of
congress approved july 2, 1862.
This section of one hundred and seventy-one words made a
university a possible fact in Minnesota.
The conception of this idea, and its embodiment in legislation
has placed its author at the head of the list of benefactors of the
University for all time.
But for this timely action we might now be spectators of a
great biennial grab game between two or more state educational
institutions, duplicating in great degree the work of one another,
and dividing a fund insufficient for one, into trifling fractions.
Some small beginning toward university development had
indeed been made, very creditable to those concerned, but they
cut no figure in the real history of the University. The act of
February 13, 1868, is the CHARTER of the University.
Had separate colleges been established the University could
not have excluded from her list of professional schools those of
the rising industrial professions, already recognized in the older
universities. The acceptance of the national donation of 1862
but added a new obligation to that already existing.
In response to the duty thus imposed the regents ofthe Uni-
versity undertook the development of the College of Agriculture
and Mechanic Arts at once, deferring for many years the opening
of the Law and Medical Schools authorized by the charter.
The present purpose is to follow the fortunes of the engineer-
ing department through the experimental period.
In September, Il 869, the University faculty first met to carry
on the preparatory work which had begun in October, 1867, and
had produced a small but earnest band of freshmen. The junior
member was Mr. Arthur Beardsley, C. E., a graduate of the Troy
Polytechnic Institute, who had seen professional practice upon
the Hoosac Tunnel. At the first there was of course no instruc-
tion in engineering of any branch demanded. In expectation of
7 - iw.
future developments Mr. Beardsley, capable, enthusiastic and
obliging, turned his hand to many tasks.
He took charge of a study hall, he shelved the few books of
the library, he taught various branches of mathematics, and as
soon as there was a class ready, he taught physics. At some time
in his first year he began instruction in drafting,in a room on the
third floor of the main building, later obliterated by the present
main stair case. Ifor drawing tables he used some long tables
which had done service in a disbanded "commons," maintained in
the basement. One of theseis still in the work room of the library.
In the annual report for the year 1869-70 Mr. Beardsley sub-
mits schemes, in the rough, for courses in civil and mechanical en-
gineering and asks that S547 be expended on a transit and other
instruments. This requisition does not seem 'to have been hon-
ored, for in the next year we find the faithful instructor carrying
on a class in surveying with a borrowed compass and chain.
At the close of a first year's service Mr. Beardsley had won
his spurs and obtained his promotion, which, however, effected
but slight change in his duty.
The annual report of the Board of Regents for 1871, p. 24,
gives the details ofa course in civil engineering as worked out by
Professor Beardsley, on the model of that of his Alma Mater.
This course begins with the junior year, the policy of the Univer-
sity at the time making no segregation of engineers from scientific
students after sophomore year.
After three years of faithful service Professor Beardsley re-
signed in the summer of 1872, to accept a professorship in
Swarthmore College, Pa., an institution controlled by the religious
body to which he belonged, and to whose principles he was sin-
cerely attached. He was a man fruitful in ideas and projects, one of
which must not be neglected in this recital. Professor Beardsley
was of the opinion that the engineering department ought not to
be coupled up with that of agriculture. Both would prosper the
better if independently organized. Upon his instance the Presi-
dent of the University made such recommendation to the Board
of Regents. The result was that by the act of the legislature,
approved February 29, 1872, the College of Mechanic Arts was
separated from that of Agriculture, and it has since so remained.
To take up the work laid down by Arthur Beardsley, Mr.
Mitchell D. Rhame, a graduate of the Shefiield Scientific School of
Yale University, was called, and upon it he entered in September,
1872, and he soon justined the high recommendations ofhis former
The developments of the eight years during which Mr. Rhame
conducted the incipient department of engineering can only be
sketched here in outline. A circumstance not to be forgotten or
subordinated is this,-that this period embraced the dull and
depressing years following the panic of 1873. For nearly five
years there was no railroad building unless on a trifling scale.
Engineering construction and outfit were reduced to their lowest
terms. There was slight call on young men to prepare for the
engineering profession. It may also be remembered that the
prejudice ofemployers against young engineers trained in schools
was still strong. Spite of these great impediments, the depart-
ments grew, if slowly, still steadily.
Early in his first year Mr. Rhame got his transit instrument
and a Payne tape measure. Users of the old Gurley transit may
be interested to know that it had served the writer in surveying
fancy grape lands in Ohio in the late sixties.
In 1875, at the first commencement held in the chapel of the
then new part of the main building, three young gentlemen were
duly decorated with the degree and title of Bachelor of Civil
Engineering in good American Latin. Two of them have long
since won distinguished places as practitioners and as members
of the University Medical Faculty, the one a dispenser of little
pills, the other of big ones. The third has made his name, and I
trust his fortune, as a mining engineer in Colorado. In the year
1875 the department was first supplied with individual drawing
tables, of which forty were home made and twelve were of tl1e
"Worcester" pattern and manufacture. In the same or the pre-
vious year the courses of study had been elaborated and a new
course in architecture put on paper. This course was later ex-
punged for the very good reason that the University could not
afford the requisite facilities. In the meantime a well known
architect, still residing in the University City, received his bache-
lor's degree in architecture.
Like his predecessor, Prolessor Rhame was resourceful and
industrious, and he was too obliging for his own good and that
ofthe departments he had charge of. He ought to have demanded
more for them. For years he carried the physics and the drawing,
both of which early became heavy departments. It was not till
the year ending in 1877 that he obtained an assistant in the
drawing in the person of Mr. Louis W. Peck, a "Tech" man,
who in the following year took up the instruction in physics.
Professor Rhame labored faithfully on, under a very heavy
load, amid many discouragements, till the close of the year 1879-
80, when he retired from the service to enter upon a professional
engagement which has since occupied him and has proved every
way satisfactory and profitable.
To take up the work thus laid down the regents called Pro-
fessor William A. Pike, from the Maine State College, where he
had passed some yearsin successful instruction. His professional
education had been got in the Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology. He thus brought to the work finenative ability, thorough
technical training and a sufficient experience. His strength lay
e- --. in exact and extensive
. - knowledge of the sci-
ences underlying his
profession, but he was
also expert in the use
of instruments, an in-
teres tin g instructor,
and an organizer ofno
mean ability. Early
in his first year of ser-
vice he organized an
school for young arti-
sans, which was imme-
diatelyjoined by sixty-
five young men. In the
next year Professor
Pike opened courses on
shop work in wood
and iron in the base-
ment of the old Agri-
cultural building then standing on the site occupied by the Chem-
istry-Physics building. This it is believed was the first "manual
training" work undertaken in Minnesota, and it may be claimed
that no better work of the kind has since been done, spite of in-
convenient quarters and paucity oftools and material. It would
not bejust, however, to omit giving here no small share of the
credit for these enterprises to the professor's skillful and devoted
assistant, Mr. Wilber F. Decker, whom he called to his aid from
the Maine State College. Mr. Decker remained in the service
several years, giving all or the greater part of the instruction in
physics. He still resides in the University City, and his circum-
stances are such that he is quite indifferent whether school keeps
In the fall of 1883 Professor Pike discontinued the evening
drawing school, and merged itinto the so-called Artisans Training
School, which remained in existence for some years and rendered
a needed service at the time. Meantime the return of good times
and the revival of railroad and other construction began to turn
young men to the engineering department. In both years ofthe
biennial period, 1883-4-, the work ofthe department, as shown by
the detailed record then kept, fairly looms up into respectable
proportions. There was still great lack ofinstruments and ma-
terials, there were no convenient rooms, but there were able and
earnest teachers, and equally earnest students. Among those
graduated in 1884 was the young gentleman, who now some-
what older grown, so ably conducts the Department of Civil
college of Jnyhzeerhzy and 7Wec!1an1'c Jfris,
1885 fo 1393.
QM .2 Wang, Ci 62
It is the purpose of the writer in the following sketch to trace
briefly the history ofthe College of Engineering through the later
stages of its development, with the hope of bringing into prom-
inence some ofthe more important events in its history and at the
same time to touch upon the less important elements which have
collectively exerted a strong influence for the upbuilding of the
The early history of the Department of Engineering has been
treated in a previous article, but without detracting in the least
from the estimate put upon the early members of thc Engineering
Faculty, the writer wishes to call attention to one man for twenty
years a member of the Engineering Faculty, whose service to the
college during the earlier times when it most needed staunch sup-
porters ranks second to none. The circumstance that his name
does not appear in the faculty list, except under the general title
of President, would furnish sufiicient excuse for the omission ofit
by the historian treating of the earlier history ofthe department.
Dr. Folwell, inspired with the true idea of the modern univer-
sity gained by his recent study of the great European institu-
tions, sought to lay the foundation of such a university for Min-
nesota. The Board of Regents was largely composed, at that
time, of men whose ideas as to what constitutes auniversity were
gained from their contact with a Dartmouth or a Williams. It
took Dr. Folwell many years to bring these powers to an appre-
ciationof his idea. After a dozen years of faithful drilling and
organization of his forces Dr. Folwell decided that the time for a
determined advance had come. In his report to the Board of Re-
gents in 1881 he clearly states his attitude regarding the equip-
ment of the departments with adequate instruments and
A The Dynamo.
He stated in strong and earnest language the great need of
furtherequipments forthe Department of Engineering. Heshowed
the high position in the engineering world which the school had
attained, the diiiiculties under which the Board of Regents had
labored and the urgent need of sufiicient appropriations to carry
on the work. In concluding his report, he says: "I would most
respectfully urge your body to take this subjectinto considera-
tion, with a view to immediate action. The State is advancing
in wealth, population and reputation. Her institutions cannot
remain stationary and remain respectable. If the State be not
firmly resolved to have a University which, developing as she cle-
velops, shall at length stand a peer of those of other states, the
sooner the endowment be devoted to another purpose the better."
This appeal resulted inalegislative appropriation of S1 80,000
and proclaimed at once the true conception of the University idea
in Minnesota. ' ,
Five years spent as a student i11 the College of Engineering,
during which time Dr. Folwell was its executive ofiicer, justifies
the writer in making a few references to that gentleman's work,
before entering upon the later history of the college.
It must be recalled that the President of the University,in the
earlier days, was enabled to enter much more intimately into the
life ofthe few departments then existing thanis possible at present.
Dr. Folwell's natural predilections and earlier training made him
an engineer in spirit if not in fact. He held a professorship in
mathematics for two years at Hobart College. During the Civil
War he was in command of a company of engineers in which
Service he gained the brevet rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, the high-
est rank then attainable in the Engineering Department. These
facts show his mathematical and engineering ability and reveals
at once the secret of hisinterestin the Engineering Department. No
student pursuing work in this college during Dr. Folwell's execu-
tive term could fail to discover in him an earnest advocate of a
speedy enlargement of its facilities. The graduates have always
felt that Dr. Folwell had the capacity to sympathize with them
in their professional trials and triumphs.
Ulze college of dinyinaerhzy from 1835 ia 18.90.
The school year of '84--5, with which our sketch properly be-
gins, was in many respects apivotal period. It marked the turn-
ing point of several policies affecting the college. Tt witnessed
the putting of nearly 325,000 into a suitable building, then
thought to be an extravagant equipment for the college. It also
provided a like sum for tools and instrumental equipment,largely
forthe Mechanical Engineering Department, which up to this time
had been poorly equipped. This same year saw the ushering in of
the plan of advancing in rank and responsibility those instructors
whose zeal and capabilities gave promise of bringing the desired
quality and enlargement to the professional work of the college,
In the fall of 1885 Professor Jones joined the college and was
given charge of Physics, and Professors Hoag and Barr were
called to the Departments of Civil and Mechanical Engineering,
from which departments they had previously graduated. This
same year is significant for the inauguration of President North.
rop. In this year the professional work of the civil and mechan-
ical courses, heretofore given in the junior year, was now begun
in the Sophomore year.
The Ca rpcntcr Shop.
This transfer of work from the general college to the engin-
eering, marked the beginning ofa movement which has continued
to the present time, and will doubtless cease only when every
study which is essentially a preparation for further lines of work
within the college or is for immediate use in professional practice
shall be taught by a member of the engineering faculty.
Professor W. H. Kirchner was called to have charge of all
engineering drawing in 1893, in accordance with this plan. A
year later Dr. H. T. Eddy was given charge of mechanics in the
College of Engineering.
The placing of all engineering mathematics, in 1896, in the
hands of Professor Haynes was but a continuation of the same
policy. This change has permitted additional work in mathe-
matics besidcs securing its continuity through the Freshman and
Sophomore years. It also allows the instructor to select a course
that shall constantly emphasize the practical bearings of the
The great success which has attended ProfessorHaynes' Work
with the engineering mathematics suggests the desirability of a
like treatment of some of the work in modern languages now re-
quired of the engineering students. The two years' German and
French work now given cannot make the language an instrument
of much professional usefulness to the prospective engineer unless
the course can be made to bear upon scientific and engineering
rather than upon literary culture.
The period from 1885 to 1890 was one ofrapid growth. The
college increased its corps of instructors and made substantial
additions to its instrumental equipment. Instructors jones,
Hoag and Barr were advanced to full professorships and were
given charge of the work of their respective departments. In
1887 Professor jones outlined a course in electrical engineering.
The first real beginnings,however, were made in 1889, when
Professorjones, who had just returned from a two years' course
of study in Germany, personally conducted the work. During
this year Professor H. E. Smith was called from Cornell to assist
in the Mechanical Engineering Department. The same year a
School of Wood Carving and Design was conducted by Professor
H. T. Ardley, which has developed into the School of Design.
Upon the departure of Professor Ardley to the University of Cal-
ifornia, Professor W. H. Kirchner was called from the Rose Poly-
technic Institute and given charge of this new school. Professor
Kirchner is ably assisted by Miss A. I. Burgess and Miss Nellie S.
During the past two years fine art studies have been added to
this course, including painting in still life and portraiture. This
has been made a very attractive feature through the skillful ser-
vice ofthe artist, Miss Henrietta Clopath.
In 1890 Mr. Harry S. Dixon became superintendent of the
motive power of the college.
Since 1892 Mr. Arguyle Buck, as moderator and man-of1all-
name by work, has guarded the interest ofeverything related to
the engineering building. He supplies a diversity of wants, rang-
ing from stakes for the parties in surveying to a multiplicity of ar-
ticles for Miss Clopath's art studios. It is rumored that thislatter
practice has resulted in one instance in the appearance of his own
manly features upon canvas in a manner refiecting great credit
upon the skillful artist in charge.
In 1891 the Department of Engineering suffered a great loss
in the removal of Proiessorj. H. Barr to Cornell University.
The Library of the Department of Engineering was estab-
lished in 1880, and contains engineering literature along civil and
mechanical lines. It is also well supplied with modern and
standard works, complete files of all leading periodicals and Na-
tional Engineering Society Proceedings, and voluminous sets of
government engineering documents.
The period from 1890-95 furnishes no striking incidentg
gradual well-balanced development characterizes it. During this
time Mr. Frank H.. Constant, a graduate of the University of
Cincinnati, was called to take the place in the Civil Engineering
Department made vacant by the resignation of Mr.J. E. Wads-
worth. During the early part of this period the students of the
college organized an engineers' society,which has grown in im-
portance and in numbers with each succeeding year. Since 1893
this society has published an annualknown as the Engineers' Year
Book, which contains articles ofinterest and value to the students.
In 1891 Mr. J. M. Tate was added to the instructing force of
the Mechanical Department. The following year Maj. H. Gill was
called and given charge of the machine shop and foundry, a posi-
tion which he has filled in a very able manner.
Previous to 1892 Professor Hoag was compelled to give a
short course ofinstruction in astronomy and least squares suited
to the peculiar needs of the civil engineers. In 1892 Professor
F. P. Leavenworth took charge of the Department of Astronomy
and has since given it his undivided attention.
In 1891 the Department of Engineering suffered a severe loss
in the retirement of Professor Pike, who had done so much to
build up the department. His death in 1893 deprived the college
ofa warm friend. He was an able and conscientious worker, an
excellent teacher and a man of high professional attainments.
With the retirement of Professor Pike from the deanship of the
college, the executive duties soon reverted to President Northrop,
though nominal charge for a time was with Professor C. W. Hall,
dean of the School of Mineralogy and Metallurgy.
Professor G. D. Sheparclson joined the college in 1891 as in-
structor in electrical engineering. His promotion to a full pro-
fessorship in charge of the Electrical Department testifies as to
Professor H. W. Hibbard was called in 1895 to assist Pro-
fessor Smith in the increasing work ofthe Mechanical Department.
This year Ql898Jsees him recalled to Cornell, where he will de-
velop his specialty of railway mechanical engineering. Professor
Hibbard's recall creates mingled feelings of regret at the loss
which the college has sustained and of pleasure in the success of
an esteemed friend and worker.
Since its establishment this college has maintained the closest
relations with the College of Science, Literature and the Arts.
Its requirements for admission have been the same throughout as
those for the general scientific course. Up to 1885 the work ofthe
first two years was identical with that of the scientific course.
The faculties, up to 1897, always sat together, and questions of
general policy affec tin g each were settled by common discussion and
C? I2 57132 eerbz ty.
vote. Ayear ago, however, the two departments were separated,
and now the Engineering Faculty, by its independent com-
mittees, comes in close contact with its students and allows the
head of each department to exercise more direct control over his
work. The added responsibility thus brought upon the college is
already proving its value through the stronger sympathy created
among the departments and the active measures now being taken
to perfect the courses of study and to advance thegeneral interest
of the college.
One of the first results of the new organization was the
change in the conferring of degrees. Now the graduate receives
immediately the degree of Civil, Mechanical, or Electrical
Engineer, according to the course pursued, while before it required
a year's additional work to obtain these degrees.
Civil Ifll,L'iIH,'L'fillg' Appnralils.
The work ofthe United States Coast and Geodetic Survey has
been associated with the Department of Civil Engineering and
has proven a great stimulus to the work of that department by
furnishing valuable experience in the prosecution ofits field work.
In the foregoing sketch the writer has made no attempt at
completeness. Its necessary limits would preclude this. Many
valuable instructors have come and gone, whose names, even, have
not been mentioned,nor has any note been made of the changes of
which, from time to time, the college has sought to define its pur-
poses and aims. The name "Mechanic Arts" has been retained
throughout, though variously embellished at different periods.
The name now reads: "College of Engineering and the Mechanic
Arts," and as long as it can enjoy the uniform and able adminis-
tration of President Northrop we predict no changes in name and
desire no change of executive.
The overcrowded condition of the shops tends to retard and
embarrass the work, but the difiiculty has been somewhat alle-
viated by a legislative appropriation of 5B12,000, secured by the
earnest effort of President Northrop, and by the aid of the ma-
chinery and equipment obtained thereby, the department is bet-
ter able to provide for its large student body.
The College of Engineering has been fortunate in securing the
services of men who had strong, practical tendencies and men
who have been in the actual practice of their profession before
taking up the work of instruction. Professor Smith, previous to
his coming to the University, had a long and practical experience
in the details of his profession.
Professor Hoag had spent five years with the Northern
Pacific Railroad beforehiscall to the Department of CivilEngineer-
ing, and his vacations are spent in developing some line of
engineering work having a direct bearing upon his University
Professor Shepardson, before taking up his duties as an in-
structor, had spent a year with the Edison Illuminating Co., of
Boston, and a year as electrical expert with the Akron company.
With men in charge so thoroughly in touch with their profes-
sions we might reasonably expect that the work of the college
would have strong, practical tendencies. Much importance is
given to placing theory and its application side by side in the
class room and laboratory, and the success of our graduates
seems to justify these methods of training. In the equipment,
arrangement and operation of the laboratories, in all shop and
class room exercises, and in all Field work, special care is taken to
have the student become familiar with the best modern engineer-
Today the material equipment, course of study and the
quality of work done, are believed to compare favorably with
those of other institutions.
Cleans our boards and gets the chalk?
Who sprinkles gravel on the walk?
3 1 ,22 Phe answer, Huck.
f Who burns the leaves cast off' by oak?
fl" ff' Pi, Breaks Prexie's rule of not to smoke?
V 3, , Hg,
J' VY: Vi' Who dare, but Buck?
Who gets the presents from the boys,
-Q VQQWQ From marble clocks to tin horse toys?
-9 Ofcoursc, it's Buck.
- ., ' fi l Who rids our walks of snow and ice?
Who keeps our front lawn looking nice?
The answer, Buck.
Who promptly answers every call,
And goes on errands for us all ?
We all say Buck.
Who thinks the engineers " all right,"
And says the Prof's are " out of sight?"
just ask Buck.
Who has for each a word of cheer?
Who rules the boys, though not through fea
In truth, it's Buck.
Who cleans the guns to look like new?
Who loves the Hag, red, white and blue?
You bet, it's Buck.
W. R. H
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Her eyes are dancing witlijoy to-night
And the rose buds are dancing too,
That nod in her wonderful coiff'ure's top,
Playing with Zl curl or two.
Her hands are hid by her snowy gloves,
And snowier billows of lace and frills
Sweep down to the floor. To-night she's a queeng
My heart at her beauty thrills.
6110 las! Dance.
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Her eyelids are drooping with sleepiness,
The roses have nodded their petals awayg
Little wisps of hair are trembling down
And curls do not last alwayg
One glove is bedraggled-the other one ofl'
And a frill or two drags on the floor.
My poor little ueen-the music has ceased
And the ball and its triumphs are o'er.
1 26 -IES
sus I.. Scuulxrsx
. HE Freshmen as a general rule,
Are fresh as new mown hayg
They showed the verdure of their minds
On their first election day.
They pondered much, debated long,
This budding Freshman classy
The greenest green of all things green
Won out-his name was Grass!
" 211110 Cares? "
I flunked to-day in Algebra!
I riled the Prof. of English-a-!
I found a dun, I lost some mun!
She smiled on me to-day!
My fountain pen has leaked a stream!
Who cares ?
My football hopes are all a dream!
My landlord's hot, my room is not!
She smiled on me to-day!
'Tis night, my lamp is burning dim!
l Who cares?
Before my eyes n1y lessons swim!
For love is life, and life is love!
She smiled on me to-day!
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The Ladies' parlor was unusually quiet that afternoon. In fact it was
entirely deserted, save for two girls who were busily studying in one corner. So
absorbed were they in their books that they failed to hear a faint, rather timid
knock at the door. As it was repeated, they both looked up.
" Did someone knock, Mary
" Yes," said her friend. " Don't you want to go and see who it is?" Without
further delay the first speaker arose, went to the door and opened it curiously.
" Hullo, Nell," said a boyish voice, "I thought I would find you here. Can I
" Hush, Sammie, don't talk so loud or some one will hear you. We are
awfully busy, but I suppose you can come in if it is against the rules. Can't he,
" Yes, but please hurry up and shut the door or we will be caught."
"jolly, but you girls have a snug little den here," said Sam, taking a critical
survey of the room as he stepped inside. " It's a shame the fellows haven't got
some place to lounge in besides the back stairs."
" lf the fellows knew how to take care of a parlor they would have one, too,
but they dont," put in Nell emphatically, "and now, Sammie, if you will please
keep your thoughts to yourself lbr a briel' space, perhaps Mary and l can get our
" Well, I like that," replied the young gentleman, rather taken back. " Per-
haps you would like for me to leave without further notice? "
" No, of course not," said Mary.
" Well, then, are you girls going to the informal Friday night?"
"Sam1nie, you dear, thoughtful creature!" cried Nell, shutting up her book
with a bang, while Mary'si21ce fairly beamed with delight. " Sit right down and
make yoursclfcomlbrtable, in that rocking chair." ,
It is uncertainjust what Sammie would have done after this pressing invita-
tion, for at that moment the outside door was heard to open and the footsteps
and voices of several persons could be heard coming down the hall.
Mary put her head out of the parlor door for a minute, then drew it back
quickly. "Oh, Nell, what shall we do? It is Prexy and those chapel visitors-a
whole gang of them-and they are making straight for here! "
"Do? Why, I'll stand up and face 'em like a man, of course I will," said Sam
' "You shall not disgrace us in that way before Prexy and all. We must dis-
pose of you in some way. Can't you think?" And Nell fairly wrung her hands
" l'll jump from the window. It isn't more than twenty feet, is it?" And
Sam dashed wildly across the room, upsetting two chairs in the process.
"Hush, no," said Nell, "there are double windows--you can't-and besides
you would probably kill yourself in the attempt."
" Listen l" cried Mary. " I have it! The sofa! Get down on the floor behind
it." It didn't take long to follow this excellent piece of advice. The girls pulled
out the nearest couch and Sam, flat on his back, wormed himself in between the
sofa legs, concealed himselfadmirably-all but his legs. They would come out at
the end in spite ofall he could do.
" You must pull them up,Sam. They stick out about a foot,"said Nell, sternly.
But there was no more time to be lost, for at that moment the door opened. Nell,
as a last resort, seated herself on the end ofthe couch, spreading out her skirts to
conceal the objectionable legs, while Mary leaned against the mantle, convulsed
" Yes," said Prexy's voice, "this is our Ladies' Parlor, and very proud we are
ofit. Will you step inside?" and in walked the president followed by three beau-
tifully dressed ladies and a gentleman. "Good afternoon, ladies," he went on.
The girls bowed stifily, or at least Nell did. Mary was more at her ease.
" Miss Fairchild and Miss Saint john," continued the President, turning first
to Mary and then to Nell. "I should like you to meet my Eastern friends, Mr. and
Mrs. Brownlee and their two daughters." Mary smiled, was duly passed around
and shook hands with all four of the visitors. Nell merely bowed and remained
seated. "And Miss Saint John," said the President, again turning to Nell, "Mrs.
Brownlee is very much interested in drawing, and you being a. student in that
subject yourself, would be delighted, I am sure, to conduct her around in that
department. Would you not?"
Nell blushed to the roots of her hair. " I am very sorry, sir," she said, "but I
have a long Greek lesson to prepare before evening. I really can't, sir, though I
should like to."
"Oh, just as you like, Miss Nellie. I am snrc you don't have to," said the
President, with just a wee bit of sarcasm in his voice.
" Oh, certainly not. I wouldn't inconvenience the young lady for the world,"
put in Mrs. Brownlee, and the ladies smiled and nodded as they followed the
President, who was leading them from the room. Nell sat very still until the
last footstep had died away, then she rose in white heat. "Sam, you idiot, get
up! You see, now, just what a mess you have got us in."
"Oh, Nell," said Mary, reproachfully.
" Why, Nell," cried Sammie, struggling with frantic efforts to crawl out from
under the couch. " Nell, you're a brick! You did it all right. The old gentleman
never suspected a thing."
"I acted like a perfect fool! and disgraced myself ibrever in Prexy's eyes. 011,
Mary, Mary," and Nell hid her face in her friend's lap and wept.
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Young Mason of a prominent frat,
He had a most stylish gray hat,
But in time the lair gray
Almost faded away,
And the gently curled brim became flat.
Friend Albert he had its gray brother,
You'rl have thought there could be no other,
And he wore it and wore
As was ,ne'er worn before
A hat, from this world's end to t'other.
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For once these two youths made a bet,
That tho' friends and family might fret,
They'd wear these gray hats
In spite of the frats,
And they're wearing these hats even Vet.
'sg,, ,., V
C Prize Poem. 'J
There's a happy sort of feeling
That comes a-creeping 'round,
When the night wind softly stealing
Brings the tree-toa.d's drowsy sound.
When the scent of summer blossoms
Perfumes all the dewy uirg
And there ain't a single sign
Of toil or trouble anywhere.
I love to sit such evenings
On the porch and take my easeg
With my pipe and some tobacco,
And my elbows on my knees
And listen as I used to,
To the night bird in the wood,
And hear the frogs a-singing
just as if they thought they could.
Then my mind runs very softly
Down the memories of the past,
To the time when I went maying
With the girl I loved at last.
And tl1e world it seems no older,
And our, hearts are just as true:-
And I wouldn't be so happy
Unless she were happy too.
There are gray hairs on our foreheads,
And our laughs clon't ring so clear,
For we've walked life's path together
For many a happy year.
But when the woods are turning,
And the lilacs are in bloom:
When the nightingale is singing
To his mate out in the gloom,
I can live the old times over
And I feel the olden joy,
All the pleasures of a lover
just as though I were ax boy.
That is why I love the gloaining
In the months of May and june,
When the Lord brings hack his song-birds
And sets the world in tune.
And I think, of all the hlcssings
That He e'er bestows on men
Tl1e ones that gives most pleasure
Are the ones He gives us then.
Gaonoi-: W. CIIAMPLIN
'15,-mv-vi V--Q--1 u
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" Why all this trouble, all this pain
And sleepless nights untoldg
By French and German driven insane
And prematurely old?"
Thus pondered he, ."I must retrench,
Forcgo Parisian lore,
Although 'tis not that I love French
The less, but Dutch-y Moore."
rp 0 6..,
Strange that all should call a building
That's donated by thc state,
When the place that we have drilled in
Is walls, floors, and roof of slate,
Strange that many should regard a man
Who knows the tricks ofcribs
Though in public every act and plan
and word smooth-spoken, glib,
Marks the toa-dy.
I 'lf I my OOKING down the aisles of Ages,
41 ,X ' ,A , In the hallowed halls of Time,
I ink Mem'ry's mystic chord enhances
,I l lid, V Thought approaching the sublime.
f H' M
U xii. 'TXW Minnesota -- Minnesota!
-A ", " X , ' . e - .
' eral?-i Q Oft nn mind goes back to thee
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ll 14 135264, 'l Fancy leads me-unresisting-
i V-I Over-whelmecl by eestacy.
I Nfl I' 4 As of old to-day I wander
' ' iixii By the portals wide and grim,
f' 1 JI. List'ning to the wheels oflcarning
Q Ggfv :lu ' ' l" As they grind away within.
L ,,, ,I , l, I And I see the many faces
ullllmjufg, l New to me yet not unknown,
. ,.,,,,, For I think of other laces
That on wings of Time have flown
Some to Fame and Power and Riches,
Some to paths that hardships pave
And some the Leveler hath taken,-
Happy in an honored grave.
-F. E. FORCE, '99.
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Low hang the clouds and I and nature weep:
And well we may, for how can we but know
That all tl1at's beautiful on earth must sleep,
Ere speeds a month beneath a shroud of snow.
' What wonder tha.t at cruel fate we rail,
And deem the work of God not quite complete,
When we behold all hope of future tail,-
Thezstricken bloom of promise at our feet.
How well the death of nature typities
To those who draw a lesson from the sight,
The living death that guiltless childhood dies,
Asifalls the somber curtain of youth's night,
The trees and shrubs have lost their crown of leaves,
But still they spread their gaunt arms, cold and bare,
They're dead, yet live, and every chilling breeze
Makes darker yet those forms that once were lair.
Thus with the man, the face portrays the heart.
In lives oi' sin his history we find,
And all there is of falsehood and of art
Cannot conceal his tendencies ol' mind.
'Tis spring. and little children at their play :
Are from the angels only just removed. ,
'Tis summer, and the blossoms by the way fy
Are youths and maidens innocent and loved.
. 'A '
'Tis autumn, now in nature strangely changed, '
They weep their waywardness with every breath. L .
'Tis winter: man and nature now are ranged 4- ' l ,
In meek communion in a common death. 1' A
-G. W. CHAMPLIN A .a ' i
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Death is a maiden lair, with sweetldark eyes,
A wealth of love in their deep shadow lies.
Robed in the hues of Aphrodite's dove
She comes, the harbinger of light and love
To guide the fleeting soul.
Death is not grim. as men have long believed,
She is a maiden fair, and have ye grieved
That ye must one day enter by her side
The blazoned gates of light? Ope, portals, wide,
'Tis no lean-fingered ghoul. ,
Death is almaidcn fair, and sweet, and pure,
Her radiant soul no earthly walls immure,
And wl1en she brings to God in Heaven a life
Wearied by woes with which the world is rife,
He thanks her with a smile so wondrous rare,
So full of holiness that all the care
Which she has gathered in her work below
Of patient niinisthring 'mid toil and woe,
Drops from her like a veil, until we see
The glory of Death's holy mystery.
.C1?erary. ' . - . ,
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There are days full ol' peace in September:
There are days full of glacluess in May:
There are days when the mellowing air is filled
With the scent ofthe new mown hay,
And the shadows come in thc evening,
And go deepening down the lane,
But yet the sweetest of all to me
Is the silvery streaming rain.
There are days when the heavens are mantlerl
With glory delighting the gaze,
And the tops ol' the far-away mountain peaks
Are tinged with a golden haze,
And the sun shines warm in the valley,
And tbndly caresses the plain,
Alld yet, far sweeter than all to me
Is the silvery streaming rain.
For it comes with a whis ering murmur,
That lulls all my troubiing to rest,
And refreshes my heart as it does the long grass
That waves o'er the meadow-lark's nestg
And my child is asleep in his cradle,
And I feel no care nor pain,
And the twilight comes and listens with me
To the silvery streaming rain.
-JANET Pmxzsr, '99
'fdesiward Mo Jlars of .fzkiory Cake 571017 Way.
lBut only thc Starsj.
A pack of cards fnot meant for play,
He holds within his hand,
A smile serene is on his face-
A smile we understand.
" The new term opens well," he says,
"The class is small, somehow,
Those others who were here last term,
They are not with us now."
And then he smiles, hisjokes sad point.
Alas! we know full well,
For failures, con's, and incompletcs
Their little tales could tell.
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R kiW.'j"Ei'L'J'- - I k
t Dr. Bridgeman put it naively when he said, "There are just 4
three things that can keep a boy from college-love, a dependent J
family, or sicknsssf'
It might be as aptly said, that sickness is an excuse for staying away from
college, love may be an excuse, but poverty is no excuse at all. The first thing
for a boy to ask himself is, will a college education pay? From an intellectual
standpoint no one will for a minute doubt that it does. I hope to show why a
college education pays even by the dollars and cents rule.
In the first place, the entrance of female and child labor into oureconomiecom-
petition has cheapcned male laborand hasconsequcntlymadeitmorediflicult fora
boy to Hgctastart in life." Agirl residing at homeean live for less wages than that
required to support a man, and her competition forces wages to a minimum. But
ifone can once rise above this lowest stratum. he escapes this competition and
finds himself in a position for rapid progress. A college education raises a man
above such a condition at the start. As a result of this influx of cheap labor, our
industrial system has become highly complicated, and requires a new order of
management. Thereis an unsatiated demand for men ofversatility, ofa broad range
of visiong men who can-grasp details at a glance and who have the knack of sci-
entific organization. College education aims at the development of these very
characteristics. But some practical boys say, " I cannot afford the time. I must
get at my trade or I shall never learn it." In reply it may be said that a college
education requires really less time than the ordinary apprenticeship. It took
Benjamin Franklin seven years to learn the tanner's trade, but in college it re-
quires only three years to prepare for law or four to become an M. IJ. To he sure
a boy learns to form judgments by actual practice, but he would make a thousand
judgments in college where hc now makes one in the shop. Some one has ob-
served that the first two sentences of Czesar's Commentaries call for two hundred
One ofthe important rcquisites ofa successful business man is knowledge of
human nature. Nowhere is there a greater conglomeration of freaks and men of
genius than upon a college campus, college politics give an invaluable training.
I must hurry over the value ofthe knowledge ofthe first principles of sociology
and ofthat need offacility for adaptation to new conditions,-aequisitions prized
by every business man,-and say just a word about the success of college men in
actual life. According to AppIeton's Biography of Successful Men, only one man
in ten thousand of' those who never attended college, have deserved mention,
while one in forty ofeollegc men have received such recognition. Now, if I have
shown that college education does pay from a financial standpoint, let us con-
sider ways and means by which our poor boy can enjoy such privileges.
There are many things a boy can do if he is willing to do anrvtliing. He can
earn his board by waiting on table for three hours a day. This is easy work and
helps one to get acquainted with many prominent college students. He can saw
wood, mow Iavvns, care for horses and furnaces. If he keeps his eyes open he may
receive good pay for tutoring or teaching in the city night schools. There are
plenty of opportunities in a city as large as this. It is not so often a question of
what one can get to do as how much time he can afford to spend in doing it. This
query brings us.to the student's second question-"Must not one sacrifice his
studies by doing outside work?" I make haste in replying that it depends alto-
gether on the student. Some ofour best students work their way through college.
The registrar informed me that the "seIf1pushers" are about the average in stand-
ing, one man not only earning his own way but also keeping his brother in college
at the same time. His average standing is above ninety per cent.
Again, a wise student daily spends one or two hours in exercise. Now excr-
cise is not idleness but change of' employment, hence outside work is not only
a source ofpeeuniary profit, but also the best of exercise. There are two secrets
to successfully working one's way through college. In the first place a boy
should not unduly economizc in his living expenses--that is, in his room and
board-because these are the essentials to a merry heart and a healthy body. He
who has only a few hours to study must study with an intensity born of health
and happiness, Nor should he unduly economizc in his clothes, because, while we
concede that "you can'tjudge a man by the clothes he wears," still it isjust as
true that "the coat oft proclaims the man," and that people do and will estimate
a boy by his own ideal as shown by his expression of it.
In the second place, one must do his work systematically and thoroughly-
One cannot go to theatres and parties, expecting to make up the work just before
examination. It is steady. rythmical pounding that counts. I believe that
outside work pays for any student, rich or poor, because such work causes a
judicious mixture of practice with theory. It forces the student to take needed
exercise, it creates in him a spirit of independence and a keen enjoyment of the
product of his own elfortsg and lastly, instills witl1in himself confidence. He has
measured his own forces and knows to what extent he can rely upon them. Q
Surely, with such a demand for college men in our industrial system, with
such opportunities for helping one's self through a college course, with the prac-
tical advantages accruing irom outside work-with all these to spur and to
enthuse, no boy should stay away from college because oflack ofmoney.
G. S. Pnisnvs, '99,
5"'N' " ERCI-IANCE you have listened to music soft,
1" And thought ot' an angel choir.
Perchancc you have seen dawn creep aloft,
Or the sun sink in crimson fire.
Perchance you have seen the snow flakes fall,
5 X And thought of the pure and good,
' Or listened and heard the drear wind call
. While the warm fire sprung from the wood.
, I l
Xi l '
I , vii
Perchanee you have sailed on the rolling deep,
And been moved by the vastness thereg
Or looked at the stars as they brightly peep
'Till the shadows of night appear.
But the voice of nature is as naught,
As you gaze on the game of the fall-
For what is Heaven, Earth, Day or Night,
To a run ol' a " Half" with the ball? J. K. W.
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H EN Prcxy is at home
lnto chapel do roam
Each day with prompt regularity.
Maria and Moore,
And besides a full score
Filing after Prof. Haynes mathematically,
The Lieut., spick and span,
In tact, every man
Ot' our pure, pious, politic faculty.
When Prexy's away,
From chapel does stray
Each prof with prompt regularity.
Profs. Eddy and Kiehlc
Go oil' for a "wheel,"
Bent on having some fun and hilarity.
McClumpha and Clark,
Every prof. on a lark,
Ol' our pure, pious, politic faculty.
L. H. ANU A. C.
.liiiiiiiiiii Jhdk0JPOdf0 5-ripped wp.
fu HE myriad-mindecl has it in his ol't-repeated verse
" The quality oi' mercy is not strained 5"
, And yet, although the saying is so well expressed and terse,
How crncle the thought to one in science trained!
A tyro in the science of the chemist would bc surc-
ifyiia Unless a subieet for an undertaker-
:::::m::i:--ui ' .
:::::.r'::g '5 5 To say that any element in order to be pure,
55555 faiqellii 1 H I , , I ,I f H, , ,
135552 Must be passed throng 1 sex eia s ieets o tex papel.
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from Me College fexzbon. L1?6,7.arsy.
fi Nl CRIB: Something in which to
' 1, g I rock our ideas before class.
V! X N Sanitary Science! A neces-
' .f if ' Q sary evil.
' f ,fl-if Q i Ink Treasury: Wilson'sKlon-
f i x
, : X dike speculation.
f' 1 ,4' K - X . Howling Swell: Frat-dogon
97' 4, f ,f X X a tear.
L' ' ff 1' Z, ls Cane-rush: Small boy after
,L ,f 'iff E lf. . ' Y he has run away.
f V ,aa , NX Chapel: Special time to pre-
' f uf' ftif' 2 parellessons.
-GZ! gi' A H X ly Dough: That which the stu-
LT, - dent Qki needs.
l ' , "Tf-.-1-3?-fx A Sink Through the Floor: An
X imaginary trip at a realistic
' afgv-71!-j .- Q x time.
" his River Bank: Ideal view of
I Co-eds: Source of encour-
Walking-tickets: Passes to nowhere.
Fire-box: A special delivery.
Locker: Special depository for key to same.
Hard Up: Contagious disease at close of ball games.
Fountain Pen: A lost or dried article.
Baehelor's Ariel: Product of accumulative brains of the masculinities of
Flnnk: Alias a goose-egg.
Poster: Gopher's advertisement
Skipping: A peculiar step leaving a peculiar round print.
Rushing: A process of eating, dancing and fiunking.
" A Hot Time": Follows frat. ball games.
Prof: A name of special endearment.
To Cram: A verb giving a study sensation.
Touchdown: What Madison got and we didn't.
Only Tin Can in thc Alley: Fraternity man's opinion of himself.
A Perfect Queen: A boy's ideal.
Dun: An article eliciting an expression with same initial letter.
University Box: Elegantly furnished and high priced Ethiopian Paradise.
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Zflm Wreck of Me Columbia.
WAS the tandem Columbia,
That rode the slippery street,
And ajunior had taken a 'Varsity girl,
To attend the bicycle meet.
Blue were her eyes as the fairy-flax,
Her cheeks like the dawn of day,
And she rode like a queen upon the wheel
As they sped along the way.
The junior he rode behind the maid,
His pipe was in his mouth,
And he steered the tandem in and out
Ofthe wheels all going south.
Then up and spake an old police,
Who sang the same old tune,
" I pray thee,put on your lantern bright,
For it will be dark real soon.
Last night a man was arrested here, V
And tonight you may be-See! "
The cyclist, he blew a whiff' from his pipe
And a scornful laugh laughed he.
" O, Henry! I see a gleaming light,
0 say, what may it he?"
But the cyclist answered never a word,
For he had hurt his knee.
Yet firm on the seat, one foot he used,
With his face turned to the skies,
The lamp-posts gleamed through the darkest night
On his fixed and glassy eyes.
Then the maiden clasped her hands and praved
That saved she might be,
From a line of V, or a patrol ride,
In the city's gig that's tree.
And fast through the midnight dark and drear
He rode with all his force,
Like a skeleton, the tandem swept
Before the policeman's horse.
And ever when he turned- his head
A sound came from behind, A
It was the sound ofthe trampling horse
On the road, borne by the wind.
Madder and madder grew the cop,
To be answered tit for tat,
To insult his dignity and worth,
And go riding offlike that.
Along came he then, and stopped amain
The tandem in its strength,
She shuddered and paused like a frightened steed,
Then swervcd the wheels' whole length.
" Be quiet! be quiet! my little girlie,
And do not tremble so,
For I can beat the fastest cop
That ever horse did know."
"O, Henry! Ilhear some whistles blow,
O say, what may they be ? "
" 'Tis another wheel on the other side! "
But under his breath,-" Holy Gee! "
" O, Henry! 1 hear a call for help,
O say, what may it be?"
" Some wheels in distress, which had a collision,
But he looked back to see.
Some tacks were right beneath her wheels,
She struck, of course them all,
And a horrible puncture broke her down
And over they both did fall. A
She struck where the green and billowy grass
Looked soft as carded wool,
But the speed they were going, when stopped so r
Sent'then1 fast as a horned bull.
Her rattling spokes,iall broken fine,
With the handle-bars both bent,
Were taken with the two fair students
Where they'd find what the policeman meant.
Next morning, 'fore thejudge's desk,
The two stood all aghnstg
For they had broken two cycle laws:
"No lantern " and " Too fast."
The hard sand was sifted in her hair,
A salt tear in her eye,
But thejudge, he let them go real soon,
And she gave a heart-felt sigh.
Such iwas the wreck of the " Columbia,"
Without a lantern riding!
Let us hope to escape a ride like this,
And to he more law-abiding!
A. I.. L.
az 6. 59.1
Sing a song to Freshmen 5
Bid him never fear,
He will be a Sophomore
In another year.
Sing a song to Sophoinoresg
For their Gopher fight
Is but the rivalry of those
Who would thy praises write.
Sing a song to juniors-
Sing for purest joy 3
May this token of our love
To thee, thy cares alloy.
Sing a song to Seniors-
Sing for their own sake,
Lest thy heart at parting
From long-known friends sho
Sing a song for everyone:
The junior friends by scores
Here emulate in praising thee,
" It ne'er rains, but it pours."
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"Girls, girls, you can't imagine what I've got. Somebody sent it to mel "
And Barbara Fr--he burst into the ladies' parlor frantically waving a news-
paper clipping in her hand.
"Don't get so excited, Barbara," suggested O--ve M--sh. "Just cool
down a little."
" Read it, quick," said G- de F-k, making a dive for the paper. Thus en-
couraged, Barbara seated herself on the sofa and read the following startling
Human, MINN., Nov. 20, 1896.
I am a well-fixed, big-hearted farmer, and
got a good home. I want a nice. cheerful
little wife about 19. Must know how to
keep house. Address
SAMUEL STRANGE ,
" Well, Barbara,l hope you don't intend to pay any attention to that trash,"
said F-ce F-h, coming up in time lor the reading ofthe article.
" 'Course I do," asserted that young lady, "I am going to answer it this very
" Barbara! You dreadful child! Mercy on us," came in a perfect chorus from
the other three.
"Yes, I am," went on Barbara, "but you will have to help me. I can't get
up a letter like that all alone." This seemed satislaetory enough, so the four put
their heads together and after muchgiggling, rearranging and suggesting, the
following missive was produced:
llniversitg of Zllinnesota.
M1NN1cA1'oL1s, MINN., Dec. 2, 1896.
MR. ,SAMUEL STRANGER, Badger, Minn.
Dear Sir:-In reply to your application for a wife I desire to inform you of my
personal appearance and character. I am an American and a resident ofMinne-
apolis. I am a little above the medium height. with golden brown hair and dark
eyes. I have an agreeable disposition and will be twenty years old next March.
Having been left an orphan at an early age, 1 feel the need ofa worthy help-mate.
As well as being well educated, I am a good housekeeper. Hoping that this will
meet with your approval, I remain,
Address M. R. P.,Box 196, U. of M. MATHILDA FARNELL.
Please send photograph.
For the next few days there were four young ladies who rushed into the book
store to look into box 196 at least ten times a day. Then the excitement died
away. Samuel Stranger and his advertisement were almost forgotten, until one
day Barbara came into English class with a white envelope in her hand. "No
use, girls," she said, plaintively. " It is only our letter returned."
" Let me see," said one ofthe others, snatching the letter from her hand. The
girls crowded around while she opened the letter. It was, to be sure, the letter
returned, but at the bottom, in an interesting scrawl, was written:
" You are just ten days too slow. I have found my idol.
.9 Wlylzl .fave Ween. flyeraryo
Ulm .73rafe.s'.ror'.r Welreai.
With constant music larks proclaimed the day,
From night, whose walls yield to his amber key,
Escaped the sun, pierced with his quickening ray
The willing creatures over land and sea.
Ripened the wheat on yonder golden hill,
Near burchen wood, with sombre darkling nook
Where bathed the careless pike his throbbing gill,
Safe from the keen end ol' the cruel hook.
Close by the brookside where a log of wood
Bridged o'er the eddying chasm, by man ne'er trod
Dark fir, kinsman of royal pine there stood-
Nature's green finger pointing to her God.
With rootlets moored hard in granite beds
Stood wavy elms beneath whose fostering care
The grave sweet violets lift their purple heads,
Breathing rare essence lorth through all the air.
The yellow flicker 'gainst the heavens blue
Like autumn leaf, on each side nerved with gold,
Hacks the tree top as he will hew it through,
Altho' a gale of wind sweeps o'er the Wold.
Beside a stone hid by the fern leaf rank,
For terror crouched, shrinking from every eye,
Close hid, unnoticed in the marshes dank.
The fieet and timid hare doth trembling lie.
And in or thro' paths of the mossy bower,
Well sheltered by the twigs that cross again,
Escapes the raccoon from the hunter's power,
From cast-down eyes which watch for him in vain.
The morn was young and lair, from heaven's bell
Grim night withdrew her shadows to the west
When tired professors sought this lonely dell
Bent on obtaining here ideal rest.
These verses are designed as a puzzle couched in the description of a nature
scene. In them are hidden the names of fifty-three professors, instructors etc.
chosen from all departments of the University. Find them if you can
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, Ah, Co-ed, in thy lrame ofjet,
Thy virtues can we 1.-'er forget?
Thou art ourjoy, our pride, thou art,
And clear to every loyal heart.
She loves her college lirst, and then
A very little,-loves its men.
Yes, all its men, straight from her heart,
And makes ofthem no sect nor part.
She wears no diamond on her heart,
No star nor crescent o'er her brow,
And though her ascot makes an X,
No sigh is on her lips I vow.
Then cheer three times for U. oi' M.,"
And for " Our Mascot " ten times ten,
For though we win or vanquished be,
None is so staunch and true as she.
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THE LLUCEDNSWHZUUME CIZWMHNEEKDU
HW HE MW mm WHHHE
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President, . .
Secretary, . .
YELL:-Rilly, Rally Ruh!
Zip! Zip! Zuh!
CLASS Comms:-Olive and Old Rose.
William E. J. Gratz
Horace C. Klein
Eugene H. Gipson
Joseph I-1. Warren
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Poet, . . .
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Pl'0digyr - .
Captain Cane Rush,
YELL-Rah! Rah! Naughty-One!
Ski U Mah!
Rah! Rah! Rah!
AUTIIOR--Afthlll' N. Collins.
Chas. F. Grass
. Paul S. Smith
. Ralph Combs
. Linda Maley
Louis G. Cook
. . Lucile Way
Harry M. Wagner
Frank F. Ellsworth
. Margaret Moore
. . Fritz Mella
. P. C. Burrill
J. H. McClure
F. A. Neyhart
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President, . .
Treasurer, . .
Secretary, . .
Prodigy, . .
Hoo! Rah! Hoo!
COLORS:-Green and White.
1 5 5
. A. B. Whitney
. Harriet Wales
Harris D. Newkirk
. H. j. Bessesen
. Annie I. Riggs
Fred K. Butters
. J. E. Searles
Isabel D. Parker
E. F. McGinnis
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U O ff! The Elysian Fields were peaeefulenoiiglrtifgiylx Q l, Q
L" ah ,i afternoon. The green sward with its shady trees Sip ' Qi
' 'itil fl formed a restful Jicture, while in the distance was '
R' heard the ri lin v of the Lethe stream where it
. A PP is
joins the turbulent waters of the River Styx. -
Wk.. -.' No sulphurous fumes or burning sands in this U
7" portion of the lower world. Here all was pleas- xx
ure and deli ht, sunshine and ha iness. Over
the lawn and through shady clumps of trees and from charming grottos and
obscure eaverns, multitudes of airy shades were flitting hither and thither, chat-
ting and laughing in merry groups. Some were lounging comfortably on the
grass, in somewhat the same manner as earthly mortalsg others leaning against
the trunks of trees, while still others were strolling down to the bank of the
One group was engaged in particularly animated conversation and as their
voices were a little raised, their words could easily be distinguished.
"S'pose you have heard the news,"said a long, lank looking shade-in mortal
parlance one would have said it was Guy Roberts-"Newsl " cried a pretty shade
that looked very much like Lucy Chapman. "Do tell. We haven't had abit of
excitement since Proserpina's ball at the Palace."
"Is there going to be an informal?" put ill Florence Fish with animation,
rescuing the shade of her hat which the incorrigible Roberts was trying to lodge
in a tree top.
"Now, Miss Fish," he went on, "Is it possible that you have no shady dim'
recollections of Early Bird johnson and his coterie?" There was a ghostlike
chorus of "Ohs! " and "Ahs! " besides other expressions not necessary to men-
" What did you say about Mr.-lohnson?" asked Edie Hutchinson. She was
sitting a little'distance off. reading " In Elysiof' a new Latin book by Kate Ben-
net. Kate's fondness for Latin still remained with her as a shade.
"Do you know, girls," Effie went on, not waiting for a reply, "I have been
worrying about that poor man all day. It must be nearly time for his second
appearance at the gates of Hades. You remember he was refused admittance the
first time on account of cruelty to Freshmen and was condemned by Pluto to live
another life on earth."
" Well, he is coming this time as sure as shooting. The whole crew will be
here as soon as Charon can scare up a Gale to blow them over Styx," said
"I'll be the Furst to meet them," remarked William looking up from the
pages of a huge law book.
"You seem to be studying so hard," remarked Emma Crounse in a gentle
voice, glancing at his attenuated QPJ form. "What are you taking?" "Cold,"
he replied with an nnearthly cough. '
Q I' I I
On the next day there was great excitement on the Stygian Banks. Groups
of shades were talking together here and there, for there seemed to be some
common topic of interest, on the skirts of the woods the brass band was
stationed and, on the gridiron near the river bank, was drawn up in soldierly
array the standing army ol' Hades. As lar as the eye could reach down the bank,
company after company appeared, all airy and ghost-like to be sure but war-like
in spite of their ethereal lbrm. There was the noble appearing company ol'
Napoleon Boneparte with G. S. Phelps as chiel' Aide-de-camp, then Alexander and
Caesar. They were all there and moving among them with majestic step was the
commanding form ol' General Leonhauser. It wasa noble sight. All the elite of
Hades were there to see it, but that wasn't the only thing to be seen, for the
moment the band struck up there carrie a loud wailing lrom the flitting ghosts
on the other shore. There was a splashing ol' oars, a small sail was hoisted,
and Charon's boat appeared. '
" Slowly he sails and scarcely stems the tides,
The pressing water pours within her sides."
"There they are, I told you so," said Sophie Holt, a brown-haired shade to
the feminine group ofshades. who were all struggling to see over the heads of the
"The old boat leaks worse than ever," said Harry Row. "Who are they
cheering?" put in May Daniel. "Oh, ifthat isn't the ghost ol' Firkins! See! He
is giving his arm to the spirit of Maria."
"And who is that ethereal form?" inquired Georgia Pennington. " lt looks
" Why, it is the dear little Fraulein! Of course it is!" cried Lena Whitten,
running to meet her with outstretched arms. One by one they disembarkedg
Frankforter, McMillan, Old Buck and the rest.
"What in Hades is that yelling?" demanded Albert Hart. "Listen! What
do they say? They have left E. B. johnson on the other shore. He isn't
I I Q 9 '
The weather distributor was doing his best for Hades. The atmosphere was
of an energetic, cordial. Brace-ing sort that Mabey or might be a reminder to the
shades below of the old familiar days of yore when the "U" can1pus had just re-
covered its genial Green in March. The Elysian fields were carpeted with the
brilliant flowers of Firkinsian rhetoric. Volumes of sulphurous fumes rolling up
from the Phlegethon like the convolutions of some gigantic brain, had been rent
asunder, dissected, so to speak, by the timely arrival of a Gale from across the
Styx,.and oncc again C. A. johnson, McGinnis and other lights shed their cus-
tomary benign and friendly beams upon an expectant universe. Cerberus himself
partook of the general good feeling, for Charon had on his last trip brought a
quantity of' remnants from the stairs by which shades descend from the upper re-
gions-fbr be it known that thcse stairs are used by shades of the masculine per-
suasion as parlor and lunch room. Even the sternjudge Rhadamanthus has soft-
ened sufiiciently to reprieve the ghost of the ll lunch room, which has just begun
to serve an eternity term in the Lethe River of Oblivion, so that its spirit already
haunts the earth again, though reminders of its defunct earthly form emanating
from the Ariel office still linger in the nostrils of mortals.
All this peacefulness and the amiable Tone of things in general could not but
indicate that some protcntious event was about to take place, and subsequent
events justifv this conclusion. As Minot Brown was fishing for algae along the
banks ofthe Styx, behold a bottle came floating down. It was, ofcourse, eagerly
seized upon and was found to contain a note, the contents of wh.ch will be made
known shortly, The lucky finder hastily donned his tunic and ran ofi'in search of
some one to whom to communicate the news. In his own mind he had come to
the conclusion that it was from some poor wandering shade on the other side
who could not enter into the Elysian land of the blessed hecause of some error in
his credentials or ofinability to pay the boatman's fee.
Our messenger broke the bottle and the news to a group that had collected
around Guy Roberts and Socrates, who were holding an animated discussion on
the advantages and disadvantages of the married state. Socrates had just
fioored our old classmate with a solar plexus blow, so to speak,by citing the case
of that unfortunate and much married man, Henry VIII fwho was at that very
moment seen carrying on a flirtation with Eva Sardesonlg therefore, as winner of
the debate, Socrates was chosen to read the note, which ran according to the
following familiar- strain:
To Committee on Entrance Conditions, Petition: In the name of the spirit
of mercy and forgiveness, I beg of' you to let me register as a day laborer for the
Elysian Fields Improvement Co. or any other old thing, only let me enter. I am
conditioned in Practical Eleemosynology 3' however, am well versed in the science
of' conology, and also understand all the possible combination ofnumbers below
75, both infinitesimal and finite, besides having discovered and demonstrated in a
number of cases the exact value ofthe square root of -0. I pray you also to re-
lease me from payment of fees, for just as I was about to embark to cross the
river, l fell in with the shades'of' some book dealers who iieeced me of all I had in
exchange for a small pamphlet telling "How to Secure and Stake Out a Good
Claim in Hades."
Respectfully Submitted, fSignedD EARLY BIRD joHNsoN.
'i"'I'he Science of Mercyg" not known nor introduced into school untll after we al
had graduated from mundane affairsg required for admission to Hades.
i An ominous murmur arose from the crowd as the reading was concluded.
" So we are invited to contribute to a donation party, are we?" said Henry
Bessessen, the treasurer, fearful lest he should be called upon to collect an assess-
mentg for rather than do that he would have even read proof for the book that
Daniel Lothrop is about to publish, entitled "An Evening in the Ladies' Parlor,"
and which promises to excel " Ten Nights in a Bar-Room " in interest of scene and
rapidity of action. Says another, "Merciful goodness! Wy'er we hesitating? Let
us start a subscription for the poor fellow!" This proposition seemed to meet
with general approval. Finch passed the hat fministers are in their element when
they are doing that, and that the pitiful appeal had touched them was shown by
the generosity manifested. Kyle Marlow donated a ticket to a moonlight excur-
sion on the Lake Avernus Navigation Co.'s boat the Bloody Mary. Lester Fitch
knew the value of soft drinks and dropped into the hat a check good for one
Nectar at Spilln1ore'sg Howard Kingston, a late arrival and unfamiliar with the
different lodging houses, very willingly parted with a board ticket at Friendly
Inn. Frank Emmons promised the new arrival a warm time by giving a pass on
the Tartarus Roller Toaster. flu some districts of Tartarns the Roller Toaster
is an exceedingly popular and mucl1 patronized source of amusement.l
The generosity of Frank Sasse bestowed a benediction of such warmth that
the other things in the hat seemed cold and icy by comparison, and besides which
even acomp. to the Stage Employees' Masquerade, donated jointly by Walter
Benedict and Frank Force, was an insignificant trifle. fLet none take offense if
this last allusion seems super-fluous or super-anything else.l We leave the gentle-
'men to make their own explanationsg we are simply dealing with facts. '
just then 'the great bell on Pluto's Palace rang out the welcome hour of
noon, and the "U" crowd scattered in all directions.
"Whither are they vanished?" asked Banquo, who was one of the crowd
"Into the airg and what seemed corporal melted as breath into the wind,"
answered Macbeth. " Would they had stayed."
"That will do, gentlemen," said Shakespeare severely, " don't talk unless you
can say something new. Never repeat. They have gone to dinner."
"Such haste is unseemly," murmured Mary Olson, and reluctantly followed
the last ones of the rapidly disappearing crowd. "For my part, I would have
preferred to linger and listen to the reverend Shakespeare."
Yl' 'X I K
It was unusually quiet in the University settlement of' Hades-. No other ex-
planation could be made of the mystery other than that the dinner hour being
over in the Elysian fields, each one had gone to his particular rest or pleasure.
Yes, everything was very peaceful for once, and the sweet pale blossoms of the
asphodel seemed almost golden in the afternoon light.
Suddenly the echoes of the shadowy glacles were broken by the harsh baying
of Cerberus, guarding the infernal gates. Loud and long he barked, until his
voice penetrated even this peaceful nook of Hades, and started the shades from
their quiet dreams.
" Oh, thatmiserable cur,"sighed Clemina Buck opening her eyes and arousing
herself from a comfortable nap beneath the shadow trees, "he is always barking
and waking one up. I wonder who has come now," she pondered. "They are
having a hard time getting in, whoever it is."
" Another poor unfortunate," said Gertrude Jamieson. "Still, I don't know,"
she added, throwing her arms over her head and leaning back against a tree.
"this isn't half bad, now-lots better than when we had to stand in a long line
before that terrible Mr. johnson."
"And lots better than studying Demosthenes," groaned Marie Clipfell, "his
eloquence was overpowering in the native Greek, and if it hadn't been for dear
Prof'. Hutchison I never should have survived."
"Talk about dear Prol"s," broke in Martha Hills enthusiastically, "you
should have had Lieut. Leonhauser in Algebra. I-Ie's all that saved me from
taking the adorable subject in my senior year."
"You poor dear," began Fannie Chapman, "you rlid--" The rest of her
speech was fated to be one of those unknown quantities, for just then a long-
haired, hatless youth dashed into their midst.
"Hi, there! Wake up, you sleepy heads," he shouted, addressing his remarks
particularly to the shades of the young men lounging about.
" Mr. Colwell is such a rusher," sighed Alice Thomas, " I do wish he would be
a little more sedate."
"Listenl" he shouted in an excited voice. Ward Kenyon and Fred Blanch,
who were playing mumblety-peg on the grassy turf, dropped the knife and rushed
to meet him.
" Poor old johnson has come ag'in, and that blamed dog Cerberus has got
an ugly streak on and won't let him in. Now I propose that we take Jerry and
go down there and let him in. Its a perfect shame after all he has suffered."
"-Ierry's as good as the next one," said Collins Kellam, who had rolled up his
fishline on hearing the row, and wandered over to see the cause of commotion.
"I'll bet jerry can lick old Cerebus every time."
"Come on, boys," said Ed Cornish, for quite a number of' boys had gathered
around by this time, "let's all go down and fight it out."
"Can we girls go, too?" asked Flora Van Fliet, anxiously, for she feared the
boys would not want to be bothered with girls, and she did so want to see the
"Oh, if you want to," said Adolph Peterson, ungraciously, "but it's only going
to be a dog fight," and off she ran at once to tell the other girls. As she neared
the ladies' parlor, the tinkling of the piano could be heard, and the shadoizvy
forms of the maidens swaying and dancing to its rythmic beat could be seen. Q
Harriet Mitchell was feeling a touch of' poetic genius, inspired by the grace
and beauty of her class mates. Her pencil dashed madly over the paper tryingQto
keep time with her frenzied thoughts. 1
"O, ye Hitting, lairie shaclies, l
Of ye shadowland of Hades!
Georgie Nichols, like a fairie,
Seems to float up in the airicg
Lizzie Pierce maiestically-
She was writing when Flora burst in and ruthlessly dispelled the muse.
l'Hurry, girls," she gasped, "the boys are waiting--clog'-figlit down by the big
At the word "dog-fight," Iva Patterson, who l1ad been presiding at the
piano, stopped in the middle of a measure and dashed off, regardless of Francis
Crocker's pleading for "just one more two-step." Poor Francis had never gotten
enough Of dancing. Not evenfafter she had-danced on the fairy skiff of Charon
and had fallen into the River Styx. Sadly would she have fared then had not
Charley Olds, a strong plank of the'Gopher Board, converted himselfinto a tem-
porary life-preserver and rescued her, wet and dripping.
The girlsjoined the boys and 'way they went happy and excited, but when
they reached the river Styx there was trouble.
" Can't take you over at this time of day," said gruff old boatman, Charon,
"strictly against orders."
" O, please, Mr. Charon,just this time," begged Esther DeCoster, and at sight
of her sweet face and pleading brown eyes his stern heart relented and he rowed
them across, although he knew he would have to shovel coal in Tartarus on his
off hours to pay for his neglect of duty.
As they neared the gate,the howls of Cerberus became something terrific, and
through the iron-barred gate the white, sad face of E. B. johnson could be seen.
" What's the matter now, old enemy ? " asked Rudolph Lee in unsympathetic
tones. " I-I forgot my entrance fee," said E. B. meekly.
"Well, Old Cerberus shall let you in anyway," said Arthur Whitney in an
authoritative voice, for he still retained the commanding presence of the time when
he was class president away back in the dark ages of '98. " Sic 'em jerry !" jerry
never let a "sic 'cm" pass by unheedcd, and out he dashed at his three-headed
O, such barks, such howls, such feminine shrieks, such masculine cheers as
then went up in Hades. The shades gathered from far and near to hear and
to see. The old Roman gladiators gathered their togas about them and looked
on with sparkling eyes. Never was such a spectacle seen in Hades.
Plucky little Jerry's noble ancestry and long life with fraternities had tough-
ened him wonderfully. After the many awful initiations he had seen, should he be
terrified at a simple three-headed cur? Never! and he went to work with a will.
Cerberus was totally unprepared for such University grit, and dazed and as-
tonished he staggered back and tried in vain to shake off the pertinacious Jerry.
In the meantime Isabel Chadwick had slipped the bolt from the iron gate, and
with gentle hand and with kindly words her sweet voice welcomed E. B. johnson
to Hades. Then what a shout went up, and
4 u v99, 199, 1
Minnesota U.! "
rang through the forest glades.
Pluto in his stately home heard the noise and frowned. " That class of '99 is
something terrible," he muttered. "1 never had so much trouble with any one
organization in my life. Proserpina," -he called to his wife, "send aslave to
inquire the cause of this disturbance. Tell them I demand an explanation."
Conway MacMillan, who was picking a boquet of asphodel and water-cress for
Mrs. Pluto, was sent off on the errand and came back with the report that Cer-
berus was licked by Jerry and that the class of '99 had let E. B. Johnson into
"This is mutiny," gasped Pluto in white rageg "tell them I expel them all
from the Elysian fields."
The victorious party, bearing the happy johnson in their midst, had reached
the Elysian fields. Here MacMillan met them, and the news he bore struck them
dumb with astonishment and dismay.
"We must appease him some way," gasped Essie Williams. "Send a com-
mittee to explain matters."
"That's the only thing to do," said Wm. Furst, in a business-like way. "I'll
appoint myselfchairman of this assembly. Nominations are in order."
" I nominate james Ormond because he can use such nice, long words," said
"Yes, yes, Ormond!" they cried, and he was elected by acclamation. Then
Jennie Webster was chosen tbr her deliberation and dignity, and Medora Dresser
for her powers of' persuasion: and the committee, after carefully composing a
speech, hastened in fear and trembling to the palace of Pluto.
" Well. il' we have to get out ofhere we may just as well make the best ol' our
time," said Bernard Nickerson, practically. " I.ct's stir up some of those old
Roman gladiators over there and have a foot-ball game."
" Foot-ball," said John Waterman, suddenly awakening and throwing down
a paper on which he had slyly been sketching the shadowy form of' a pretty nun
pacing to and fro 'neath the distant trees. " Foot-ball! Ishould say! just the
thing! How I long to bet my hard earned cash at last," he cried.
The foot-ball team, in which Walter Plymat, Francis Kotlaba, James Mc-
Intyre, Sam Pickard and Harry Humphrey were prominent, was called out, but
they could't find the foot-ball, high or low.
"You boys are terribly careless," said Eflie Jacobson, sternly, "it is where
you last left it. Now, how much will you give me to tell?" she said, teasingly.
"O, come on, be agood girl and tell us," said john Arneson. "and we'll all
vote for you in the next ring contest," he promised as a happy thought.
" Done! " she cried. " Well, I saw it just outside the internal gates when we
were letting E. B johnson in. james Bucr kicked it over the lence, and you were
too lazy to go after it."
' " Well, we must have it," said Merton Harrison, "say,one ofyou girls get it.
Charon won't take us over again, but he can't reliise any ol' you girls. Let Olive
Hallock go,-she's little and he can never refuse her when she gets to arguing."
Olive, ever ready to lend a helping hand, kindly consented to go if she could get
Isabel Parker to accompany her, and off they sped, returning in a very short time
with the ball.
" How did you get it so soon ?" asked William Cogclow in surprise.
"O," she began, excitedly, " I had the hest luck. George Finlayson was just
coming clown from Avernus and he pitched it over. You know he was summoned
to the upper world to give spiritual advice to the new foot-ball team this
Soon a football team was selected from the Romans and pitted against the
" U" eleven. What a comical picture they made with their long togas flapping
in the breeze as they ran. The shades laughed till they ached. How hard it went
with the poor old fellows, too. Their sandals kept coming ofl' and their effeminate
garments flapped in their eyes and blinded them. Clarence Difuehart, with ruler
in hand, was sitting a little distance away, bnsilymeasuring offthe feet of his new
song, " A Hot Time in Hades To-night," which he was composing to be sung in
honor of the sure-to-be-expected victory, and that night groups of shades gath-
ered over tl1e shade of their lemonade, and other drinks more shady still, absorb-
ing at the same time their liquid refreshments and the history of the game, as
published in the Bi-Weekly Broiler:
fFor the first time since his advent has that great model of reporters and
romaneers, Marco Polo, had an opportunity to display the wealth and power of
his saffron-tinted genius. A new era has opened for yellow journalism.-EDJ
This afternoon's exhibition of foot-ball was by far the most important of all
great events that the present stirring times have brought to pass. Who can pre-
dict what will be the effect of that battle upon the political complexion of the
country, not to mention the effect that is already apparent upon the complexion
ofthe contestants? On the outcome of that struggle hinged the unity or disrup-
tion of the dominant party, the Ninety-niners. We almost fear to,evcn hint at
what were the possible results if their organization had been broken, but con-
sider them for a moment.
Their leaders were throwing their weight in favor of the admission of E. B.
johnson and were in a fair way to success. But if the party had split, the candi-
date for admission would have been left on the other shore and there would have
been a remote possibility of his eluding the guards and returning to the upper
regions. The sudden transfer of so mighty a force fron1 one part of the universe
to another would undoubtedly have changed the relative positions ofeverything
within the celestial sphere, and while the Great Bear devastated the earth tl1e
Martians and the giant Orion would stalk about "in our midst," ravening
through the land and devastating the asphodel-bespangled fields ofldivine
But the opponents of the Ninety-niners also had their reasons for wishing to
win,-though they were selfish and sordid. Never before had Pharaoh l1ad a
chance to get even with Caesar, who had twitted him on his poor generalship in
allowing his whole army to get entrapped and drowned instead of building a
bridge. Now for the first time had Napoleon an opportunity to square accounts
with the Duke of Wellington. Such were the feelings that existed between the
contestants, and the spectators were aroused to the highest pitch ofenthusiasm,
as was shown by the fact that Isabel Chadwick-who ordinarily would not even
think a slang expression, fPluto forbid lj-so far forgot herself as to say that the
game " would certainly be a hot one."
All the arrangements were perfect. The shades of fishing poles bearing
Grover Cleveland's mark served as goal posts. The delicate tracing of the lines
on the field and the skill displayed in draping the ropes along the side-lines
plainly indicated the presence of Waterman's artistic hand and eye. The choice
of officials could not be criticisedg Galileo, the inventor of the solar system, was
chosen time-keeper, Nero, refereeg King Henry II GJ of England acted as umpire,
and truly is it said ofhim that " he never smiled again."
Gen. Weyler's new amphitheatre was packed to the doors, and placards bear-
ing the warning " No fiirting with the chorus girls " gave place to the "Standing-
room-only" signs. Elbowing her way through the crowd, Lucy Case is seen
distributing copies ofthe yell, reminding many present ofthe days when she used
170 ' '
to perform a like office for the late lamented Choral. Union. Manv others were
recognized in the balconies and boxes. The entrance of Sir Walter Raleigh was
noted by many, he gallantly threw his mantle over a pool of gore-for the last
Y. W. C. A. election had been conducted in that arena-and as his companion
crossed, it was seen to be Amy Weber who had caught his fancy. Some ruflians
in the fourth gallery ycllcd down to know whether it was a mere coincidence that
Mamie Fanning entered on the arm oftfassius.
By this time the preparations were ready and the appearance ofeach favorite
in the arena called forth prolonged applause. Cleopatra shrieked with delight
when, to the great chagrin ofher rival Delilah, Samson came forth in all his for-
mer strength. Hannibal, Cmsar, Sir Launiii-il. Arthur Cox, Spartacus,Sitting Bull,
james Bren, Ben-Hur, Capt. john Smith and Napoleon each had his share of the
Conway McMillan called the game at 3:00 o'clock by his own time, which,
however, was about halfan hour slow, this accounts for the fact that the game
had to be left undecided. Instead of a whistle, he used the shade of the chapel
bell, which he handled in an amatcurish, unfamiliar way, much as Harry Barber
might handle a book in the library. Both sides lined up immediately, and the fate
of Earth and Hades hung in the balance. And what ofthe game? How are the
deeds of valor to be described? There was the gallant Guthrie who, in spite ofthe
heat and excitement of battle, remained so imperturbed and cool that he frosted
his toot! Pocahontas tainted when she saw Capt. john Smith almost annihilated
by Sitting Bull. Ah, what sweet revenge for Pharaoh when he used Caesar's back
as a bridge and went clean over him, blocking a kick! The feminine spectators
also shared in an appreciation ofthe game, for who but little Cupid was mascot?
Dressed in a mole-skin foot-ball suit, instead ofhis conventional one ofbearlbarej
skin, with a heart-shaped foot-ball in his hands, instead ofhis bow and arrows,
he paraded up and down the side lines giving directions when was the proper
moment to faint or grow hysterical, and many a time did the little ibot-ball go
sailing up into the boxes and balconies. Who shall say that it was not then that
the sturdy Olds fell victim to that shade of the Freshman girl? Wl1o shall say
that it was not then that Mary Sperry-or would it be better not to tell ?
What comfort for the wounded, and consolation- for the dying did Helen
Moody and Florence Nightingale bring to disabled contestants! What peace and
resignation their gentle ministering brought to the face of Theodore Duncan 3 tbr,
although his mustache was sadly dismantled, he was comforted by the assurance
that the stimulating influence of a kittc-n's presence would not again be necessary
for the development of another adornment even as tiourishing as the first.
The second halfis nearly over, but there is nojoy among the '99ers. The ante-
diluvians. those warriors and gladiators of old, are in the lead. But not too fast!
What is that streak ofgreen and white that goes shooting down the field? Ver-
ily it is james Mclntyre wearing the class colors! The mascot with his little foot-
ball gets in his work again and, several fainting from excitement, yield to the
pressure of eircum-stances and other things "cireum"as well. Now, Demosthencs,
captain ofthe rooters, put one more pebble in your mouth that you may outdo
Cicero, your rival rooter across the field! Well. Carson, does not this revival of
manly sport bring back to you fond recollections of that glorious St. Patrick's
Day in your namesake city up on earth? For the touchdown is made! Caed-
c i mon, a Saxon to the core, shouts the first lines of an epic, through a tin
I erary' megaphone-
Nu sculan herigean heofourices Newkirk
Meotodes meahte ond Yale's modgethonc
Weore wuldorfaeder swa Hart wnndra gehwaes.
When Sir Launifal kicked the goal, scoring the winning points, the tumult be-
came uncontrollable. Pandemonium reigned and the shouts rose through the
blue ether until they re-echoed among the foundations ofthe old "U" buildings up
on earth. Some students there thought it was the "Arial" editor grinding out
ideas: others were of the opinion that it was the filing ofa protest against the
removal ofthe plush sofa and upholstered divan from the gentlemen's parlor.
Rienzi had begun to exhort his fellow-countrymen with his famous orationg C. C.
Dinehart had just finished the first two bars of "Curfew Shall Not Ring To-
night," with original music, when :--
p. p. dolce grazioso allegretti
Night let her sable curtain down
And pinned it with a 1- .
fGame postponed on account of darknessj.
if' N 'X' if +5 if
But how fared it with the poor committee?
They had reached the throne of Pluto and were standing before his awful
presence. james Ormond acted as spokesman.
Ormond, in characteristically hyperpolysyllabic sesquipedalianisms:
Most tremelacient and puissant potentate into whose forbidding and threat-
ening presence we approach as genuflexant and lachrymose petitioners: We pros-
trate ourselves in contiguity and juxtaposition to your imperial and omnipotent
throne. The nonagintinovesimal class, recent accessions within the confines of
these transcendant, ineffable and beatific Elysian territories, acknowledge that
they were the instigators and perpetrators of these enormous and unpardonable
transgressions, in opposition and hostility to your autocratic and inviolable
authority. We introduce no extenuating ci'rcumstances nor circuitous tortuosities
of ratiocination whereby we should expect that Your Diabolical Maiesty should
yield to that proverbial eleemosynary disposition and proclivity, for the purpose
of compassing the remission of tl1e penalties that would inevitably overwhelm
us. Notwithstanding the indisputable, incontestable and ineontrovertible facts
that rise as in ebullition to inundate and overwhelm our consciousness already
son1nolent under the suffocating, aye, asphyxiating ponderosity of eventualitiesg
notwithstanding all these things, I reiterate, prejudicial and deleterious
as they are to the cause of your most obsequious suppliants, let them not cir-
cumvent altogether the attainment ofour desideratum. We implore clemency
from one whose actions are unexceptionally and proverbially characterized by the
snblimest magnanimityg may he in this instance illustrate his own generosity and
incompatibility with pusillanimity, and'by so doing furnish an example of which
these anthropomorphologic deities in concatenation assembled may advantage-
ously makcvthemselves verisimilitudes.
' ' Pluto listened and frowned more sternly, "What means the fellowby this out-
landish talk ? " he growled. " Go - tell theclass of '99 to depart from the Elysian
Crushed and stunned, the committee departed to tell the despairing news.
The University crowd was in high spirits when they arrivedg the boasted valor
of the Roman gladiators being overcome by the sturdy " U." eleven, had departed
ingloriously from the field. Brave old Julius Caesar stood up to call them back,
but they heeded not.
"A very neat conquest," said Napoleon.
Pluto's message was delivered, and the " U." Students were again in despair.
"What shall we do to soothe his wrath?" shrieked janet Priest, tragically.
"I will intercede for you, my children," said President Northrop, stepping tbr-
ward, "and perhaps I may appease his wrath."
The grand old man started off, followed by the prayers ofthe class of '99. 0,
if he should fail and they should be condemned to wander for years on the banks
ofthe Styx or be made servants in the home of Pluto! This was their last chance
and they could do naught but wait.
As the daylight faded, and the evening shadows came the lamps were lighted
in the Ladies' Parlor of Proserpina's Palace. The curtains were drawn and the
smell of coffee lingered in the air. The feminine shades were resting on the sola.
Frederick Butters was drumming on the shade of the old piano,trying to give
expression to his favorite air, " The Shadeof john Brown's Body Lies a Moulding
in the Grave." An interested group lingered around the table where signs ofa
recent collation were in evidence. William Mclntyre was making the salad a
minus quantity while Bret Cooley and Daniel Lothropdisposedofthe macaroons
Malcolm Wyer and Florence Fish were vainly endeavoring to two-step to the'
strains of the above mentioned music L?j while Grace Comstock told fortunes to
the sofa group, who were enjoying a feast of Olives, Marsh lmallowsl and
Mealey fpotatoesj. A
It was all so very cosy and inlbrmal. Such an air of homelike telicity about
it. Suddenly heavy foot-steps arc heard in the hall. Still the serenity of the
scene is undisturbed. The foot-steps sound heavier as they approach. The knob
is turned and the door opens to disclose the ever present shade oi' Maria.
Is it necessary to say that a deep hush tell on the spectators? Quite unneces-
sary. A silence as if death reigned in the Ladies' Parlor.
"What does this mean ? " came in a deep voice lrom the spectre in the door-
way. The lights seemed to burn dimmer, the piano is mute,the macaroons lie un-
tasted, and the bold Malcolm tries to hide his lady in the folds of the window
" Have the shades of these young boys dared to penetrate into this sanctum
without permission ?"
" Yes ma'an1," came from the piano stool in the tone ofa George Washington.
A wave of the hand Irom the spectre, and the masculine shades filed out to serve
their term in the sulphurous region of Tartarus, while the leminine shades take
notes on a lecture entitled " Court Etiquette and Propriety in Elysium."
Meanwhile Prexy had reached the palace and was soon in the presence ot
Pluto. In a few straight-forward words he told the story ofthe devotion of his
children to one whom he had always considered their enemy in lite.
Pluto listened, while the tears stood in his eyes. " They should be rewarded
instead ol'punished," he said. Here is the key to the internal gates-go, tell the
class of '99 that to them the dark gates ol' Pluto are lorever open to go and come
at their will, and let them consume their night in jollification and banqueting.
Let Cerberus be banished, and jerry guard the infernal gates."
'W 'lf ii 46 -it 'lt
The great event ofthe year 1997 in Hades was the occasion of the reception
given at the palace of Pluto and Proserpina, in honor of the new arrivals in the
lower world. The halls were gaily festooned with flowers and wreaths which
Ceres and Alice Craig had artistically arranged. The flags and ensigns of all
nations and colleges were draped from the wall.
Most elaborate preparations had been made for the reception of the guests,
Mme. de Staci, Queen Elizabeth, Mary Queen of Scots, Lady Washington and the
Empress Josephine were to receive with Proserpina.
Mme. de Stael talked French like a blue streak and was surrounded by a
whole bevy of Benton's pupils. There were Alexander Dunlap, Francis Kotlaba,
Gertrude Funk, Abbie Morgan, Alice Nickerson, Nellie Savage, Fannie Felch and
a score oi' others, all parley Francaising to beat the band. Bacchus and Perry
Hanson presided at the punchybowl, while Lucian Clement and Samuel La Due
served pink lemonade from an adjoining table. At a third table Fanny Newman
and Anna Riggs poured chocolate, receiving frequent suggestions from Queen
Elizabeth, who went tripping from one table to another, tasting this and that,
and always on the arm of Paul Wilson, who paid her gallant attentions all
The guests arrived early in the evening and thronged the gallei ies ofthe pal-
ace. Representatives from every station ofliie in Hades were present. There
were the Roman Senators with the broad purple stripe down the front of their
robes, a number of Grecian Philosophers, beautiful ladies of the French and
Italian courts, Queens, Dukes, Presidents, warriors, gladiators and Emperors,
excepting Nero, whom Proserpina had the good taste not to invite, seeing many
ot' his victims were present. The Roman poet, juvenal, was wearily standing at
one end of the hall, nervously twisting his toga and looking disgusted with
things in general.
"Good evening, Mr. juvenalf' Ora Featherstone said pleasantly.
"Sa.lve. puellam," he replied with a rude stare.
"Excuse mc, sir," she went on, "but l do wish you would lavor the Ariel with
a satire. lt would be so interesting."
"Ah, good evening, good evening." said Prof. Clark, coming up just at that
moment, arm in arm with Lucretius. "My dearjuvenal, allow me to make you
acquainted with my friend Carus, the propounder of the Atom Theory. Is it not
so, sir? "
In one corner McDermott and Cicero were holding an earnest conversation
over the effectiveness of gestures and tone coloring in oratory, to which Bessessen
was an admiring auditor. ln another, the little Fraulien was having a charming
tete-a-tete with Egmont, while in still another secluded nook, Hamlet was
explaining to Frank Force that although something was rotten in the State of
Denmark, yet he, per force, might yet live to elevate the stage.
Caedmon insisted in talking to a tYoungJ English instructor.
Henry Vlll was desperate in his attentions to a pretty girl whom he dubbed
Princess Hat oi' Wales, and the Knight ot'Snowtdownl was delighted to meet his
cousin Winifred. .
Later in the evening came the dance, and a pretty sight it was, too. Hattie
Brown had the honor ofwalking across the floor on the arm of General Washing-
ton. The Earl of Leicester danced a two-step with Grace Caplin, which made
Queen Elizabeth furiously jealous. Grace Rector and Ethel Brill were in the same
quadrille with Napoleon, and three Knights ol' the Garter almost came to blows
over Mrs. Child.
And so the fun went on until midnight, when Proserpina declared the ball at
an end, according to court etiquette in Hades. I
51' il' 'X' I 'lf il-
" What! " said Alice Bastbrd the next morning, "you don't say the class of '99
are going to have some fun. A banquet, and every member to be there! I can't
believe it l " ' ,
" Well, it's so," answered Olga Forsyth. "I havea special invitation already,
" But members ofthe class of '98 are not allowed," broke in Mary Melntyre.
A psychological tthat means soulfulj smile went around the group, while the
shade of Olga Hitted away silent, but wrathy.
" Girls," said Emma Lee, " what shall we wear?"
" Oh, a light waist will be sufheientf' said Laura Henry. " Mercy, there
didn't any boys hear that, did they-I think you'rc horrid to laugh, anyway, but
my white dress got torn at the last informal and-"
Here she was interrupted by the arrival ofa group of' shades who had been
attending a meeting of the Programme Committee. "Of course you girls are
discussing the approaching banquet," said Vernon Wilder.
" Oh yes." answered Sarah Hall, with an unusually pale and sober face, "we
were just planning what speeches we could make in case the members of the star
rhetoric class break down."
"'l'hat's a line idea," said Louis Klove, "but don't any of you dare get
stage struck, tor you know Prexy is to be toastmaster. He can do it well, for he
has read the notices in chapel so often, he knows just how it goes. By the way,
Lee, you have a communication which will interest the girls."
"Oh, yes," and Lee pulls from his pocket a package of documents and rum-
mages among Gomllale subscriptions, printers' bids, Ariel ads.,history sy1labi,etc.,
etc. " Pshaw! it must be in my other coat. Anyhow I can tell you about it."
" Oh, do hurry up," said Mira Wiren.jumping up and down in impatience.
" Now just be quiet. It was a letter from Baum Ctableauj offering to be
chairman of the Banquet Committee."
"1'm perlectly surprised," said Bessie Williams, " but it'sjust what l expected
" You funny girl," said Katherine Gerhard. " Come away, Bess, and get
ready. l'n1 tired of boys, anyhow."
'K 'll' 'Yr 44' 49 M' .
All is silent in the Elysian fields. So still, so very still one can hardly
detect the Hitting ol' the shades as they assemble before the great natural amphi-
"Dear me! I hope they'II be on time. I just hate to he late anywhere "
whispered Laura Henry.
" Hush! they are coming," said G. Foster Smith.
From the distance rose the sound of music, soft at first, then swelling louder
with a triumphant note, as the University band swept into sight and took its
place in trout of the eager, swaying throng ot' shades. There was a slight delay
while the Professor of Rhetoric appointed a Committee on Proprieties-but at
last t.he orchestra led off and the shades followed in orderly array. Thro' the
gates they went and down the winding pass till at the very bottom ofthe amphi-
theater they found the goal-the long glittering banquet tables waiting only for
the revelers. They Iound places, while the band played softly the strains ofthe
University song. -
'N' Q 'I M' W 90
" Ye shades ofgallant youths and gentle maidens, how can I communicate to
you thejoy that fills my soul when I gaze into your ethereal eountenances! "
A wild storm of applause greeted the first speaker ot' the programme. lt was
Stephen Baxter, the modest youth. Overcome with his laurels he could not con-
tinue, so Prexy announced the next one in his usual happy way.
"I will not detain you long," said Mr. Firkins, "I only wish to express my
thanks for the artistic way in which you have grouped yourselves. I can assure
you that my sense of the msthetic has not received a single shock this evening."
" Nor mine. either," whispered Georgiana Kennedy, as she slyly passed a note
to Billy Folwell. "Look there," whispered Eddie Alger: "just see how shame-
fully Arthur Bonwell is flirting with Sadie Atwood." "Yes," someone chimed
in, "and Elizabeth Foss has utterly tbrgotten that the Earl of Kenyon belongs
"Smith, Brown and Co.," finished Walter Benedict.
" Olf, please keep still," Said Anna O'I-Iair, I want to hear this speech."
" And so he decided to become a medical student and went to a distant city-"
It was the sweet voice ot'Foi Hotchkiss giving a toast to the absent ones.
Speech followed speech, and the shades listened more or less attentively while
they ate and drank from PIuto's richest store, and all the while the band played
soft and low: and all the while Prexy beamed from his post ofhonorg and the
shades ofthe class ot' '99 were joyous, tor was not peace restored to the Elysian
QQ . W
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Carl F. Brush, .
john G. Anderson, .
Harry D. Thompkins,
Edward A. Whitman,
Harry C. Bayless,
Lester Daniel, .
Charles C. Higgins. .
William B. Newhall, .
Wilbur P. Richardson,
William Stussy, . .
Elias Carl Wennerlund,
Charles Crickmore. .
William T. Donaldson,
Verney Graling, . .
. . Eyota
Sioux City. Ia.
. Aurora, Ill.
. St. Paul
Henry A. G. Hildebrandt, . St Paul
Fred L. Hoffman, . . Little Falls
Frank E. johnson, . Rcnville
John V. McAdam, . St. Paul
Elwood M. Mac Kusick, . Minneapolis
Arthur C. Pratt, . . . . Anoka
Edward Wiltgen, . Minneapolis
William H. Wright, . . St. Paul
Richard E. Wordworth, . . . . Minneapolis
Jaime! af Yflines.
Frcd E. Andrews, ..... . St. Paul
William C. Bass, . . Minneapolis
Harry L. Currier, River Falls, Wis.
Samuel E. Davis, ,. Minneapolis
Andrew Peterson, . Red Wing
joseph E. Searles, ..... Stillwater
Johan! af cllomllrfry.
John W. Leedy, . ..... . Rapid City, S. D.
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Estnhlfsllcrl 1 S 7-L,
ELMER E. ADAMS.
dirnfres m .Fas-ulialo.
GEO. E. RICKER. ALEXANDER J. STONE.
WILLIAM E. LEONARD. G. EDMUND SMITH.
FRANK C. TODD.
jOIIN MILTON ARMSTRONG.
WILLIAM BAINIIRIDGE FOLNYELL. SAJKIUEL ALIIERT MARCII.
EMHRY .MASON PRouTx',JR. CHARLES STINSON PILLsIIURI'.
JOHN SARGENT PII.LSnuRI',JR. Roy Wll.LARD MEIiRII.L.
CHARLES ICENT DICKERMAN.
AI.nERT ARMSTRONG. EUGENE RUSSELL DIIIIILE.
HARRY IDE BELDEN. FREDI-:RIC GLOVER.
WlI.LIAhl LODDELL JOHNSON. CIIARLES ROGERS SHEDLEY.
ELI' GRANT GRIDLEY. EDXVARD CLARENCE TOWER.
CIIARLES FREDERICK BOYCE, Special.
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE.
CHARLES ANTIIONI' REED. FREDERICK ANDREWS KIEIILE.
COLLEGE or LAXV.
GEORGE HANCOCK SPEAR. FRANK CLINTON BESTOR
ALBERT BUSHNELL LOYE. RODERT ALEXANDER HASTINGS.
RICHARD DILLON OYBRIEN.
'Msn X ug,
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Alpha Pi, .
Alpha Mu, .
. Williams College
. Weslyan University
Alpha Phi, , . . Hamilton College
Alpha Epsilon, . University of Michigan
Alpha Upsilon, . . Furman University
Alpha Chi, . . Amherst College
Alpha Psi, .
Alpha Tau, .
Alpha Nu, .
Alpha Rho, .
Alpha Xi, Stevens'
Alpha Delta, .
Alpha Beta Delta,
Alpha Gamma Delta, , Leland
Alpha Delta Delta,
. . Wofford College
University of Minnesota
University ol' Wisconsin
. . Rutger's College
Institute of Technology
. University of Georgia
. . Lehigh University
Stanford, Jr., University
University of California
Union College 184-1
Jar-ar 01 faoulfafa.
AGNES EMILY BELDEN. INA ROSOER. MAIIISI. ROBINSON
BESSIIQ ADELAIDE WILLIALIS. GEORGENA FRANCES KENNEDY
ALICE EVELYN CRAIG.
ELIZA YOUNG MARCHANII. SUSANNE HELIIIER VVATSON
MAIIEI. PERRIN STONE.
VERA LOUISE MOIIEV. MAR1lllldlE ALICE HIOIIEE.
FLORENCE KIEIILE. MAIICPAIIET MCMlI.I.AN
GRACE TRASK. ELLEN ANNPZTTEJANEY.
IESSIIS LIGIITENEII ScIIuI.TEN. LAURA ALICE WARNER
EI'II'rIfI ELINOR IVES. Lucx' BEATRICE HART.
x www A
Phi, . .
Psi, . .
Beta Tau, .
Beta Iota, .
Beta Nu, .
Xi, . .
Chi, . .
Pi, . .
cllapier Weil. 1 m a
Nm ASSOCIATION. New Youre ALUMN.-is Assocwriom.
INmANAr-ous ALUMN.-is Assoewrxon.
DELTA PROVI NCIS.
. Boston University
. . Barnard College
. . Cornell University
St. Lawrence University
. Syracuse University
University of Pennsylvania
. Swarthmore College
. Allegheny College
. Bnehtel College
. Wooster University
. Ohio State University
. University of Michigan
. Adrian College
. Hillsdale College
. Indiana University
. DePauw University
. . . Butler College
. University of Wisconsin
Illinois Wesleyan University
University of Minnesota
. Iowa State University
Missouri State University
Nebraska State University
Kansas State University
. University of Calitbrnia
Leland Stanford Ir. University
fraires br faoulfnle.
CONWAY MCMILLIKN. TI-IDMAS G. LEE.
TIIoMAs B. HARTZELI.. GEORGE B. FRANKFORTER.
HARRY SNYDER. HARRY A. SANDERS.
EDVVARD PERCY HARDING.
WlI.I.IAhI HENI!Y CoNDIT.1'
L. LATI-1RoI' TXVICIIEI.L.N' HUGII N. T. ALLEN.
, CARL FI.Ie'rcHIeR BRUSH. WILLIAM TIIORIAS DONALDSON
Euvoun MANSFIIZLID MACKUSICK. JAMES HENRY LANE."
F. ALGERNON BALL."
FRED R. HUxI.RY.'i' EDWARD HARRY STRONG."
PAUL ADAMS. AI.ExANmeR V. OSTROM. W
LOUIS ROACHMAN WRIGIIT. RALPI-I EMERSON w'ElDl.I-III'
S. josnvu SMITH. MORTIAIER LEO TIIDMPSDN.
UNcLAssIzD-W.u.'rI-:R H. SHERRURNIQ.
"La W. 'fIVfCdl'Cil1C.
Clmpier Wall. Debi!! aahdlfd.
University of Vermont.
Washington and jeflerson College.
University of Pennsylvania.
liIi'I'A PROVINC li.
'University of Virginia.
Washington and Lee College.
University of North Carolina.
University of Georgia.
University of the South.
University of Alabama. '
Alabama I-'olytechnie Institute.
CoI.0Rs:-White and Blue.
University of Mississippi.
Tulane University of Louisiana.
University of Texas.
Ohio Wesleyan University.
University of Wooster.
Ohio State University.
De Pauw University.
University of Michigan.
State College of Michigan.
Illinois Wesleyan University.
University ol' Wisconsin.
University of Missouri.
Iowa Wesleyan University.
State University of Iowa.
University ol' Minnesota.
University of Kansas.
University ol' Nebraska.
University of California.
Leland -Stanford University.
University of Illinois.
Miarni University, 1 S48
MAIZX' CONE I-IARRls.
FLORA VAN Vl.m'r. LAURA ALICE PIENRY.
Amore AGNES THOMAS. Nm.L1c C1sN'rENNl.u. SPENCER
KA'ruAR1Nla HART LYMAN. JENNIE LOUISE TRACY.
JESSIE Es'r1zRnROOK Coxle.
ELIZA KAY BROWN. , MARY S1-AI.mNr: CAR'r1zR
Amana MARY MrsRRu.l.. S'rA'r1RA ALTHEA THOMPSON
HELEN Lnwsxf HUMRHREYS. FLORENCE RICHARDS LYMAN
ELIZABETH KATHARINE FORD.
Omega . . .
Kappa Theta Alumnae,
cl: apmr fall.
Mount Union College
. Albion College
. . Buchtel College
. University of Nebraska
. University of Minnesota
. University of Michigan
. Northwestern University
. . . University of Iowa
Lelaml Stan lorcl,jr., University
. . University of Colorado
. . Cornell University
. Woman's College, Baltimore
. University of Wisconsin
. . . Lincoln, Nebraska
COLORSI-BTOIIZC, Pink and Blue. FLOWER:-Yellow Rose.
Founder! nt Warren
Female Institute. 1872
fain aiu clmplor.
Members 171 faezllfafa.
GEORGE DOUGLAS HEAD, EIIWIN AIITIIIIR HAYNES,
.IOIIN WAl.1'lZR MAIISIIALL, '98, EIIIIIIINII MELENIIY MCI4AL'GHI.IN, 'O
ORLO ALIIHIQIIS BAIa1'IIOLoIIIIaIv, '00, SAIIIIIIIL LI2NII.xR'r, '00,
STEXVART JAMIIQSON FIILLIER, '00, GIQOROIE RALI-I-I Comms, '01,
HARRY DIQ GImvIs TOIIIIIIQINS, '99,
Dlil'AR'l'MEN'l' OII I,Aw,
DANIEL BIIIQIIII NVOOID, '98, GEORGE MliR'l't'lN S'I'EnuINs, '98,
WILLIAIII BIIRIIIVI-'I'Ie RIOI-IAIIIISON, '98,
ICRNIQST HACIQIIS MII.l.S, '99, WIR'r WII.SON, '99,
WILLIAM! A. ELIQINIIIQIIIW, '00, WAL'rIsIe LEXVIS MAYO, '00,
DAVIS PRICE WICKIIRSIIAM, '00,
COLLIQGIQ ov MEDICINE,
HARRV EVERETT SII'I"roN, '00, WILLIAM BIIIICIIAIIII ROIImf:R'rs, '01,
COLLIIGE ov IIIaN'I'Is'rIzv,
EIINIss'r AvIsIIv WRIGH'l', '98,
-f -en v -.H 4 afH:iwmkwwfmwmfwwwq'f?wwfm'Wwww:fffwfwwvwvw'Ww:w':wr'v"ff'fffWLWK- ' "' ' ' L' '
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cliapler Wall. Zena
GRAND DIVISION OF THE soU'rII. 5' Q
A Vanderbilt University. au eiia'
II University of Mississippi. p0,,m1,,d at
S15 Washington and Lee University. Bethany College, 1860
BA University of Georgia.
B0 University of the South.
BE Emory College.
BZ' Tulane University.
GRAND DIVISION OF 'rIII2 wEs'r.
O University of Iowa.
BI' University of Wisconsin.
BH University of Minnesota.
' BH Northwestern University.
BK University of Colorado.
BP Leland Stanford, jr., University. '
BT University of Nebraska.
BT' University of Illinois.
BIZ University of California.
GRAND DIVISION OF THE NORTH.
B Ohio University.
A University of Michigan.
E Albion College.
Z Adelbert College.
K Hillsdale College.
M Ohio Weslyan University.
X Kenyon College.
BA Indiana University.
BB De Pauw University.
BZ University of Indianapolis.
' B515 Ohio State University.
BEF Wabash College.
GRAND DIVISION OF 'rl-IE EAs'r.
A Allegheny College.
F Washington and Jefferson College.
P Stevens Institute of Technology.
T Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.
BA Lehigh University. .Q University of Pennsylvania.
BM Tufts College.
BN Mass. Institute of Technology.
B0 Cornell University.
BX Brown University.
..70umn1' cllapfers. ' '
New York. Twin Cities.
Cleveland. New England.
Grand Rapids. New Orleans. Wisconsin.
Minnesola Qeia Chapter.
-y'-f!Ifl'0J hz f"ac-uliaie.
DANIEL TREMIILY MACDOUGAI.. ADAM CLARK HICKMAN
" RoIsER'r ARCIIIIKALD WIIEATON.
FREDERICK UIJHAM DAVIS.
GEORGE BEARDSLEY PARSONS.
RAYMOND ALEXANDER JACKSON. FRANCIS DANIEL PUTNAM
WALTER EDWARD HlTN'l'. FRED LEXVIS TIFFANY.
LEROY ALUER'r PAGE, JR. ROIIER'r PERCY SMITII.
SIIELDON DVVIGHT BROOKS
GEORGE WOODIBURY EVANS.
HAROLD WILLIAM ICRAMER.
CARL ADAMS BOYER.
FRANK WILLIAM ORME.
CLAUDE ZEIIIHI LUSE.
FRANK HERIIERT LUSK, '98, WILLIAM PAUL MO0REl'lEAD, '98
SUMMER FRANK PORTER, '99, WlLLlAbI HAMILTON LAWRENCE, '00,
AROIIIE ELTON WILLIAMS, 00.
" Died February 13, 1898.
,u 4,4 , K ,.-! W.
Ti. I I,
Pennsylvania Eta, .
New York Alpha, .
New York Beta, .
New York Gamma,
New York Epsilon,
New York Zeta, .
New Hampshire Alpha,
Virginia Alpha, .
Virginia Beta, . .
Virginia Gamma, .
West Virginia Alpha,
Maryland Alpha, .
District of Columbia Alpha, .
Mississippi Alpha, .
Ohio Alpha, .
Ohio Delta, .
Indiana Beta, .
Illinois Alpha, .
Illinois Beta, .
Wisconsin Alpha, .
Wisconsin Gamma, .
Minnesota Beta, .
Iowa Alpha, .
Kansas Alpha, .
2011. , , ,, .
Washington and jetierson College
. . . . Allegheny College
. . Bucknell University
. Gettysburg College
. . Dickinson College
. Franklin and Marshall
. . . Lafayette College
. University of Pennsylvania
. Swarthmore College
U . Cornell University
. . Columbia University
. . . Colgate University
. Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute
. . . Amherst College
. . . Dartmouth College
. . University of Virginia
. Washington and Lee University
. Hampden-Sidney College
. University ol' West Virginia
. johns Hopkins University
. Columbian University
. University of Mississippi
. Ohio Wesleyan University
. Wittenberg College
. University of Ohio
Dc Pauw University
. University oflndiana
. . Wabash College
. University of Michigan
. Northwestern University
. University of Chicago
University of Wisconsin
. . . Beloit College
University of Minnesota
. University of Iowa
. . University of Kansas
. . University of Nebraska
Leland Stanford, jr., University
yall! ' .
Founded at Washington
and jefilerson College
Xi, . .
Psi, . .
Omega, . .
Alpha Alpha, .
Delta Delta, .
Zeta Zeta, . .
Zeta Psi, .
Theta Theta, .
Eta Eta, . .
Kappa Kappa, .
Mu Mu, . .
Nu Nu, . . .
Xi Xi, . . .
Phi Phi, . .
Alpha Beta, .
Alpha Gamma, .
Alpha Epsilon, .
Alpha Zeta, .
Alpha Theta, .
Alpha Iota, .
Alpha Nu, . .
Alpha Xi, . .
Alpha Omicron, .
Alpha Pi, . .
Alpha Pho, . .
Alpha Sigma, .
Alpha Tau, . .
Alpha Upsilon, .
Alpha P i, . .
Alpha Chi, .
Alpha Psi, .
Alpha Omega, .
cl: apler Wall.
. . Miami University
Ohio Wesleyan University
. Columbian University
. Washington and Lee University
University of Mississippi
. Pennsylvania College
. Bucknell University
. Indiana University
. Denison University
De Pauw University
. Dickinson College
. Butler University
. Roanoke College
. . Hanover College
. University of Virginia
. . . Hobart College
. . Purdue University
. . . Center College
. University of Cincinnati
. University of Michigan
. Dartmouth College
. University of Illinois
. Kentucky State College
West Virginia University
. Columbia University
. University of Missouri
. University of Chicago
University of Pennsylvania
. University of California
. Ohio State University
. University of Nebraska
. . . Beloit College
. Massachusetts Institute oi' Technology
Illinois Weslyan University
. University of Wisconsin
. . University of Texas
University of Kansas
. Tulane University
. . . Albion College
. . Lehigh University
. University of Minnesota
. University of North Carolina
University of Southern California
. Pennsylvania State College
. Vanderbilt University
Leland Stanford, jr. University
COLORS:-Blue and Gold.
Miami University, 1 95.1
Ylpsdan Cl: apier.
ADA ETHELYN DANIELS. ELIZABETH ANNA FISHER.
Fox HOTCHKISS. h GRAYCE WILLIAMINA RECTOR
NNLLA ADELAIDE WILLIAMS. ISAIIELLA ARMSTRONG.
GEORGIANA EYEREST. CARRIE AMELIA ELTON.
ALICE MARGARIET JONES.
'LILLIAN FI.AvIA DODSON. FRANTA SOULE. CLARA ELIZAHETII FANNINI:
MARGAIIET MOORE. 'ALICE JACKSON.
GRACE LUCILIs BARKER.
RowIzNA PATTIIE. KATIIERINIQ IE. Monsn.
GILSENA W. Kocn.
I A.wmaNy mu
Mu. . .
Chi, . . .
Alpha Beta. .
Alpha Delta, .
Alpha Zeta, .
Upsilon, . .
Psi, . . .
Omega, . .
f . .
GA M MA DISTRICT.
Comms :--Black and Gold.
. . .
. Cornell University
. University of Vermont
. Allegheny College
. . . Syracuse University
. . . Swarthmore College
Woman's College of Baltimore
. . Brown University
. Barnard College
. . De Pauw University
. Indiana State University
. University of Illinois
. Wooster University
. University of Michigan
. University of Kansas
. . Hanover College
. . Albion College
. University of Nebraska
. Northwestern University
. University of Minnesota
. University ol' Wisconsin
. . Ohio State University
. Stantord University
. University of California
FLOWER:-Black Pansy with Yellow Center.
Dc Pnuw, 1870.
xeia jar' clzapler.
Jrnire: hr Jlddllffdfd.
EDWVIN A. JAGGARD, ......
F. H. CONSTANT,
E. E. NICHOLSON, .
C. P. SIGERFOOS,
C. M. ANDRIST,
F. M. ANDERSON, . . .
- yes! Sraduafe Members.
HORACE RANDALL ROBINSON, . . ....
ARTHUR LLEXVELLYN HELl.IXVELL, .
1 898 .
. Beta Nu
. Alpha Tau
' Beta Pi
THERON VVOOLSON BURGLEI-IAIYS. ROYDON VINCENT WRIGHT.
ALIIERT JUSTIN DICKINSON. WALL MARION BILLINGS.
HENRY STERN SOMMERS.
WlLI.ARD COLLINS KEYES. CHARLES CAMPBELL HIGGINS.
PAUL FAUDE. JOSEPH WARREN BEACH. CHARLES SUAINER BREARLEY.
PAUL JOYSLIN. EDWARD PATTERSON SANFORD.
CHARLES FRANK SILLOWAY. ISAAC NESDIT TATE.
CHARLES EVERTS BUCKDEE. FRANK SIAIONS BISSELL. FRITZ MELLA.
CARL DAWES CLARK. EDXVARD JOIIN DUGAN.
WILI. OTTO BELL.
ROIIERT ARTHUR AUGST, '98, LEROY EATON CLARK, '98.
ROBERT MITCHELL THOMI-SON, '98. CHARLES FREDERICK KEYES, '99.
CHARLES LIESERING SOMMERS, '00.
" CARL HUHN, '98. JACOB FOWLER AVERY, '99.
FRANK JOSEPH SAVAGE, '01.
CHARLES MUR'D TORRANCE, '99.
" Diczl Marci: 7, 1898.
0' , fz8,1,,5f-j-
Eta, Harvard University.
Kappa, Brown University.
Upsilon, Boston University.
Beta Eta, Maine State College.
Beta Iota, Amherst College.
Alpha Omega, Dartmouth College,
Mu Epsilon, Wesleyan University.
Phi Chi, Yale College.
Beta Gamma, Rutgers University.
Beta Delta, Cornell University.
Sigma, Stevens Institue of Technology.
Beta Zeta, St. Lawrence University.
Beta Theta, Colgate University.
Nu, Union College.
Alpha Alpha, Columbia College.
Beta Epsilon, Syracuse College.
Alpha Sigma, Dickinson College.
Alpha Chi, Johns Hopkins University.
Phi. University of Pennsylvania.
Alpha Upsilon, Penn. State College,
Beta Chi, Lehigh University.
Zeta, Hampden SidneyQCollegc.
Eta Beta, University of North Carolina.
Amieron, University ofVirginia.
Phi Alpha, Davidson College.
Epsilon, Centre College.
Mu, Cumberland University.
Beta Beta, University of Mississippi.
Beta Lambda, Vanderbilt University.
Beta Amicron, University of Texas.
Alpha, Miami University.
Beta Nu, University of Cincinnati.
Beta, Western Reserve University.
Beta Kappa,QUniversity of Ohio.
Gamma,Washington andjefferson College
Theta, Ohio Wesleyan University.
Alpha Gamma, Wittenberg College.
Alpha Eta, Denison University.
Alpha Lambda, Wooster University.
Beta Alpha, Kenyon College.
Theta Delta, Ohio University.
Delta, De Pauw University.
Pi, University of Indiana.
Tau, Wabash College.
Iota, Hanover College.
Lambda, University of Michigan.
Alpha Xi, Knox University.
Chi, Beloit College,
Alpha Beta, University of Iowa.
Lambda Rho, University of Chicago.
Alpha Epsilon, Iowa Wesleyan University,
Alpha Pi, University of Wisconsin.
Rho, Northwestern University.
Beta Pi, University of Minnesota.
Alpha Delta, Westminster College.
Alpha Nu, University of Kansas.
Alpha Zeta, University of Denver.
Alpha Tau, University of Nebraska.
Zeta Phi, University of Missouri.
Omega, University of California.
Lambda Sigma, Leland Stanford Uni-
Cononsz-Pink and Blue.
Miami University, 1839
Cfpsdon. I '
5319! 6'p.r17an chapfer.
fraires hz faouifalo.
PRESIDENT Cvnus W. N0R'rIfIRoI1, LL. D , IP '57.
WILLIAM R. Hom, C. E., IP E., '89. EVERTON J. ABBOTT, M. D., B X., '79
MAX P. VANDER HoRcK, M. D., if E., 'S9.
HOWARD S. ARIIDTT, LI.. D., Q E., '89.
HARRY A. SCANIIRETT. RALPH W. REYNOLDS.
BURTON A. TowNE. 'FREDERICK BAI.Iw.
HARRY S. BARIIER. 'TGEURGE BAIICOCK.
,ALLAN A. TWITQIIELL. RICHARD VVUODXVORTH.
Lows M. LARRAIIIEE. ,FREDERICK H. CLARK.
RICIIARII HoI"I'. 'fAI.nI-:RT G. CHASE.
'I'-I01-IN O.lMcCI.URIs. KJOHN SIIAW.
THOMAS K. CIIIIFFEII.. FENDALI. G. WINsToN,JR.
MURRY G. SAXVYER.
'I Medicine. " Law.
Iota, . .
Nu, . .
Beta Phi, .
Psi Phi, .
Psi Omega, .
Beta Chi, .
Delta Chi, .
Alpha Chi, .
chapier 1'RlC:UlIiVCfSIfj 1884-
. Bowdoin College
. Colby University
. . Amherst College
. Vanderbilt University
. University of Alabama
. University of Mississippi
. . . Brown University
University of North Carolina
. . . Miami University
. . . Kenyon College
. . University of Virginia
. . . . Dartmouth College
. Central University of Kentucky
. University of Michigan
. . Williams College
.- Lafayette College
. . . Hamilton College
. Colgate College
. College ofthe City of New York
. . . University of Rochester
. . . Rutgers College
. . . De Pauw University
. Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
. . Western Reserve University
. . . Cornell University
. . Columbia College
. University ol'California
. . . . . . Trinity College
. . . . University of Minnesota
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
. . . . . Chicago University
CoLoRs:- Blue, Red and Gold.
Wu Jzyma clzapler.
CHAS. PETER BERKEY. FRANK LERONO MCVEX'.
foes! Jraduaies. ,
EDSON NEXVTON TUOKEY. ALEXANDER NEXVTON WINCHELL.
Qin deryradua les.
FRANK EDSON DEAN. FAYETTE CARY KINYON.
MINOT JAMES BROWN. WILLIAM WARDIELE KINYON. G. FOSTER SMITH
JOIIN C. BROWN.
JAMES SWAIN BEECIIER. WlI.l.IAM FREDERICK ODELL
WALTER SCOTT CIIASE. ARTHUR HENRY ICENNEIDY.
WINSLOWX' CLARK CIIAMIIERS. ,
KARI. GERARO CHRYSLER. ROBERT LEE ROY NIACALL
FRANK FOWLER ELLSWORTI-I. THOMAS OAKES BURGESS.
WILLIAM KAY BARTLETT. FRANK ALPHEUS NEYIIART.
EARLE SEYMOUR KNOX.
IOEL ERNEST GREGORY. FRANK IOHNSON MORLEY.
if A4'A4 I XXX N '
chapier Wall. .
New York Club.
Zeta, Kansas City.
Mu, San Francisco.
Pittsburg Alumni Association.
Southern Alumni Association, Baltimore.
Washington Alumni Association.
Richmond Alumni Club.
Roanoke Alumni Association.
Pi Iota, Worcester Polytechnic Institute.
Nu Deuteron, Yale University.
Tau Alpha, Trinity College.
Alpha Chi, Amherst.
Upsilon, College of City of New Yoi-k.
Nu Epsilon, University ofCity ofNew York
Theta Psi, Colgate.
Kappa Nu, Cornell.
Beta, University of Pennsylvania.
Sigma Delta. Lafayette.
Beta Chi, Lehigh.
Xi, Pennsylvania College.
Gamma Phi, Pennsylvania State College.
CoLoRs:- Qoyal Purple.
Beta Mu, Johns Hopkins.
Epsilon, University of North Carolina.
Omicron, University of Virginia.
Beta Deuteron, Roanoke.
Delta Deuteron, Hampden-Sidney.
Zeta Deuteron, Washington and Lee.
Rho Chl, Richmond.
Alpha, Washington and jefferson College.
Pi, Allegheny College.
Sigma. Wittenburg College.
Theta Deuteron, Ohio Wesleyan.
Lambda Deutex-on,fDenison University.
Omicron Deuteron, Ohio State University
Rho Deuteron, WBERE-'Co1l6gFW'-'
Zeta, Indiana State University.
Alpha, Depauw University.
Tau, Hanover College.
Psi, Wabash College.
Kappa Tau, University of Tennessee.
Nu, Bethel College.
Alpha Deuteron, Illinois Wesleyan Uni.
Gamma Deuteron, Knox College.
Chi Iota, University of Illinois.
Mu Sigma, University of Minnesota.
Mu, University of Wisconsin.
Pl Denteron, University of Kansas.
Zeta Phi, William Jewell College.
Delta Xi, University of California.
jefferson College, 184-8.
fn faoullafe. .
CI-IRISTOPI-IER WEIIIIER HALL. DAVID LITCHARD KIEHLE.
JOIIN GEORGE MOORE. EUGENE E. MCDERMOTT
FRANK WESI.EY SRRINGER.
JOSEPH BAILEY SIITIIERLANII MCINTOSl'I.
CLAYTON JAMES DODGE. JOI-IN BORLAND IRWIN
n FRED. LVMAN ADAIR.
LESTER JOIIN FITCH. JASI-ER EUGENE SEARLES.
CLARENCE CHRISTOI-HER DINEIIAR'I'. JOHN VAUGHN MCADAM
ARTHUR BYRON WIIIQINEY.
. WILLIAM FREDERICK BRAASCII.
FRANK GREENVVO0DJEVVE'1"l'. WILLIALI ARTIIUR BADGER
CLARENCE WlNb'lEI.D HIGGINS. HOl'E GOUDIE MCC ALL.
CHARLES HUNTINGTON TURNER. JAMES WRlGl'lT EVERINGTON
JAMES WILLIAM FORD, JR. SIDNEY DE WITT ADAMS.
WILLIAM DOANE GALVIN. ARTIIUR NELSON COLLINS
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE.
Q JENNINGS CRAXVFORD LI'rzENIIURG.
FRED PAUL STRATIIEM. EARLE RUSSELL HARE. HARRX' WINSLOW ALLEN
ARTIHIUR TUIIAL CAINE. ,
COLLEGE OF LSIXV.
J '- N alcflfv
' W f 'fuv
CH as 'lr
4 WISCUNSIN IAFAYETTE
J . I .ld-a s Xxx fl
,Q 1 A 014 5' JU' '
QQ muon I A '
J ' m n" ,
s - , A
3 ' - ' E
Union College. '
Adelbert College. '
University of Michigan
University of Wisconsin
De Pau w University
Brown University. ' University ol' Pennsylvania
Colgate University. University of Minnesota.
University ofthe City of New York. Mass. Institute of Technology
Cornell University. Q Swarthmore College.
Marietta College. University of California
Leland Stanford Jr. University. ' A
COLORS:-Old Gold and Peacock Blue.
Williu ms College, 1834.
SUSANNE THORNE DoNAI.DSoN.
Wu deryraduale Membefs.
HELEN ELIZABETH LOUGEE. MARY JANE REDFIELD
ESTI-IER MAEEL EDIJY. MABEL MOORE SAWYER.
KATHERINE GERHARD. ISABEL CLARE CHADWICK
ESTHER LOUISE DE CQSTER. IVA FERN PATTERSON.
MARY LAMB GERHARD. MYRA ARLONE BABcocK
ITHA MAY LENOX. KATE MCVEY.
EDNA MAY RIPLEY.
CHARLOTTE RUTLEIJGE ESMOND. FLORENCE WHITE REYNOLDS
MAUD GERTRUDE FREEMAN. GERTRUDE WHITTIER BAKER.
W ' f in H fl! ff'
,. 'Ht Q- 'xiii ' A
i f . - 3 ? .. , ,Q
frm. 0- XX ff I f -:NX
J, .gfiglr Sl fjli. a uf . QQ'
ll 1 'T
,.'. 5 A 1
. , .,. ,N
X -Yr. 5'
,X I N
. Syracuse University
. Northwestern University
. De Pauw University
. Cornell University
. University of Minnesota
Baltimore Womans' College
. . Boston University
University of Michigan
. University of Wisconsin
Conous-Silver and Bordeaux.
FLOWERS-I:OTgCt'MC-N0tS and Lilies ofthe Valley.
Syracuse University, 1872
Wu cl: aplar.
Esta blishefl 1 891.
JABEZ BROOKS. JOHN SINCLAIR CLARK. FREDERICK S. JONES.
HENRY FRANCIS NACIITRIEII. JOSEPH BROWN PIKE.
JOHN CORRYN HUTCI-IINSON. HARLOXX' GALE. T. DWIGHT MERWIN.
ERNEST TRACY HAMLIN. ' FRANK MERTON WARREN.
EDMUND YVHITNEY ALGER. CHARLES GIIIBONS FLANAGAN.
JOSEPH GOODNVIN HURRELL.
PAUL ELDREDGE WILSIJN.
I 1900. h
CIIARLES GOODRICII IREYS. MORRIS STRATTON. EDWIN VINCENT DERICKSON
IIORACE C. LOYVRY. GEORGE EMERSON COLE.
HARRY MUNSELL BECK. EDGAR HORTON PIERSON.
WARREN HALE HORTON. RALPII EMERSON HERRING
WALTER BURNEY NETTLETON. JAMES PARK QUIRK.
JOHN MARTIN HARRISON, '99. EGIIERT SIMMONS OAKLEY, '98
WILLIAM GOULD COM1"TON,,00. WILLIAM GOODFELLOXV, '99.
RALPII TODD BOARDMAN, '00. FREDERICK A. HUBBARD, '99.
EDXVIN MARTIN JOHNSON, '92-3. l - IVAN ARTHUR PARRY, '00
EDGAR REGINALD BARTON, '01, FRANK M. MANSON, '99.
2-. , J
' 4-,-.a fb,
.A"' Xt' EN.
0 'Q w ,C '-
H .M 1,1 'N
' M" 1,1 '-Q f.
V .ff X , j
P 5 'fr' " f 1 Y M4
f.. .K , Qi
mx A 'x ," 'l
3 ,.h 'ff NN x
.. , .
mv . j'.' .
.mu fi ' , '
! Awmuvq MLA
cl! apier Wall.
Theta - . . Union College
Delta . University of New York
Beta . . Yale University
Sigma . Brown University
Gamma . . Amherst College
Zeta . . Dartmouth College
Lambda - Columbia College
KHPP21 - . Bowdoin College
Psi . . Hamilton College
Xi . . Wesleyan University
Upsilon . University of Rochester
I0f9f . . Kenyon College
Phi . University of Michigan
Pi - . Syracuse University
Chi . . . Cornell University
Beta Beta . Trinity College
Eta - - . Lehigh University
Tau . University of Pennsylvania
M11 - University of Minnesota
P110 University of Wisconsin
Umegil - University of Chicago
Union College 1833.
Es ta blishcd 1 892.
AMOS W. AIsno'r.
FREDERICK J. E. WOODBRIDGE.
CHARLES L. WELI.S.
CIIARLES N. HENVITT
WILLIAM W. FOLNVELL.
WILLIAM S. PATTEE
WILLIAM HENRX' WRIGIIT. E
MAx WARIQEN MA'PTlSON.
Jol-IN RAMSEY RITZINGER
HORACE CADWELI. KLINE
. . SAMUEL HANSON FINDLEY. '
WILLIAM RoIIER'I' WooD.
JAMES FRANKLIN Foss.
CHARLES TRACY PAGE.
MEDICAL DE PARTM ENT.
HENRY JOURNEAY WELLS, 1901.
LAXV DE PARTMENT.
FRED HURRERT CARPENTER, 1900.
FLOYD HAMILTON DAY, 1900.
HASCAL RUSSELL BRILL, 1899
Yale, . .
. 1832, .
. 1836, .
. 1836, .
. 1837, .
. 1837, .
. 1837, .
. 1841, .
. 1841, .
. 1846, .
. 1846, .
. 1856, .
, 1869, .
. 1880, .
. 1892, .
. 1896, .
. -1807, .
. Hamilton College
. Columbia College
. Brown University
. Amherst College
. Adelbert College
. Bowdoin College
. Dartmouth College
. University of Michigan
. University of Rochester
. . Williams College
College of City of New York
. Wesleyan University
. Kenyon College
. . Union College
. Cornell University
. . Trinity College
johns Hopkins University
. Minnesota University
. University of Toronto
. University ofCl1icago
. McGill University
Hamilton College, 183
Una Qauleran Charge.
Estnlzlislzcd In IS92.
, fraires hz faouliale.
GEORGE B. YOUNG. ALIIER1' PFAENIIER
favs! -fraduafe Members.
GEORGE HARRY JOIINSON.
GEORGE ALIIERT PRA'r'I'. MAN ARTIYIUR LIQIIMAN.
HARRY CORNELIIIS BAvI.Ess. A EIAIORY CIIACE BRACE
. MERTON ECIIO HARRISON.
PI-:Rcv-IONI-:s LAXVRENCE. JAY NELSON PIKE
OLIVER JONES liI:I.Es'rON. EARI. DEIIOIQ I'II.I.sIIURv.
CIIARI.Ics SIIMNER FI.Ar4NERI'. HIRAM GOOIIRICII SWEET
MARX'lN JAY EGI.Ics1-ON. ROIII-1R'r FRANKLIN MCKESSON. .
GEORGE ARMANI: GRAY. CIIARI.Fs NAIINIANN MCCLOIIII
HARRY SyI.vEs'rER SVVENSON. THOMAS IGNATIUS MCDERMOTT
Beta, . .
Zeta, . .
Iota, . .
Kappa, . .
Nu Deutcron, .
Pi Deuteron, .
Phi, . .
Chi, . .
Chi Deuteron, .
Psi, . .
. Cornell University
. University of Michigan
. . Yale University
. Kenyon College
. Iloward University
. Tufts College
. Hobart College
. . Dartmouth College
College of City of New York
. . Columbia College
. University of Wisconsin
. University of Minnesota
. Lafayette College
. University of Rochester
. Columbian University
. Hamilton College
Fo umicd at
I'n ion College, 1 84- 1
Es ta blished 1 894-.
fox! fraduale Members.
JENNIE MAY MEANS. VIDA BRUGGER
KATE TOWNSEND BENNETT. MAY DANIEL.
EFFIE MAIIEL JACOBSEN. JANET PRIEST
MARS' RUTH CROZIER.
CARA MAY ADAMS. MARTHA ELIZABETH HARRIS
EDITH MARIAN PATCH. LAURA C1-IARLOTTE MAI-IONEY.
GRETA EULALIE SMITH.
Cl: apier fall.
. Boston University
St. Lawrence University
. . Adrain College
. Simpson College
. . Knox College
University of Cincinnati
University of Vermont
University of Minnesota
University of Michigan
University of Nebraska
. . Baker University
University of Ohio
. Syracuse University
. Wesleyan University
COLORS:-Silver, Gold and Blue.
Huston Uizivcrsity. ISSN
Tnonms E. WEEKS, D. D. S.
WILLIAM P. DICKINSUN, D. D. S.
'I'noMAs B. HAR1'zEr.L,IJ.1N-I. D., M, D.
JOHN .REYNol.us l.AwroN, EARNES1' AVERY XVRIGHT,
Fnrznmclclc m'll.I.IAM PRMI., CHA1u.r:s ALLAN COUPLIN.
Rumsrrr Wu.:-'oxen HECK, JAMES Osnonmc Wlc1.l.s, A. KL,
SANFORD EUGHNIQ VV:-l1'rmou1c, JOHN EHIRIAM ARGUIC,
Huuu S. I-IENDERSON.
DAMEL EUGENE Smmcus, ANHAS OIVRE,
Ronmrr HARNIQS Wlnsux, EDWARD FREDERICK SOMMERMI-zvnn.
. University of Michigan
. Lake Forest University
. . Harvard University
University of Pennsylvania
. University of California
. Northwestern University
. University of Minnesota
District College of Medicine
. Vanderbilt University
Western Reserve University
. Boston Dental College
COLORS:-Light Blue and Garnet.
Foumlezl at the
Uni versity of M iclzigan
.1 paw. V: ,
Y ,v51a1'a Q,
sm y KJV
. if J
,wwf 13' '
' M if N 4
' '34, ,fy
- .1-1 f
., fa-1 1
' fi- '
A 4 A
Q 'J ,W
QL .4 R
f 'ai U
A fx 3?
, , 'i
AJRIFVNJWZEMIJ--ni mf? J.,
1 A 1 wx-N-W 1 "Nw" J If 1
V A Wwuzw 1-Him
'f :W-TL 5.
rggff' ' A - if '- -w-- V,
. Syracuse University
. . Union College
. . Cornell University
. University ofRocl1ester
. University of California
. Madison University
. Kenyon College
. . Hamilton College
. . . Williams College
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
. . . Stevens Institute
. Lalayette College
. . . Rutgers College
. University of'Michigan
. University ot' Minnesota
. Northwestern University
infra: m facullufo.
CUSHMAN K. DAVIS. CIIARLES B. ELLIOTT, LL. D., Ph. D
EDWIN A.JAGGARD, A. M., L. L. B. RonER'r KOLI.INER, L. L. M.
for! .graduaie Memders.
D. C. L.
CIIARLES E. BOND, L. L. M. C. O. ALEIIIS OLSON, B. S., L. L. M
' YVALTER B. WI-IITCORIB, L. L. M.
L. L. M.
ARTHUR J. STOBBART, L. L. B. FRED WARNER CARPENTER, L. L. B
M. SCOTTJAMAR, JR., L. L. B. CHARLES R. FOVVLER, L. L. B.
ALBERT HALL FEA'rHERs'roNE, L. L. B.
WILLIAM B. HENDERSON. WILLIAM KEITII NAYLOR
JAMES HENRY WERRING. HAIQICISON BJ MARTIN, B. A.
CIIARLES LORING. Joi-IN C. BENNE'r'r.
JONAS WEIL. ADAM J. HOLMES.
JoI-IN P. SCHROEDER.
LOUIS RIIDOLPH FRANKEL, B. A.
WALTEIQ T. CQUPER, B. A. PARKER W. KIMBALL
EZRA R. SMITII.
FRANK D. HEVENER. HAIIRY A. HAIEEMAN.
4, -- I.,
. K,, y A 4 , , ' ' ,- ' . , , '-,L f'.'f.45f7'f2'f,',:,A " V X I 1
. ' f , T: -1'-we s V- ' ff- 3 ff: 5 ,
' ' v-fu. , w,,I'. f: -, . .
- , 43, . , ,
1lf2E'T, 2 'I
f 1. ' - Q
-- f 4
., M A ,HYWV l
Alinucsutu Clmptcr Iistublisln-fl 1892,
New York University.
Albany Law School.
University of Minnesota.
De Panw University.
University of Michigan.
Chicago Law School.
Bullhlo Law School.
Osgood Hull, Toronto, Canada.
St. Louis Law School.
j. Roy Hollister,
Fred K. Weible,
Edward H. Shibley,
George E. Hall,
William W. Dunn,
Harold F. M arston,
Harry E. Thomas,
Ralph L. Lamphere
john Jeffers, .
Frank J. Staiger,
Robert C. Hutchin,
. Tomah, Wisconsin
. Weible, North Dakota
. St. Paul, Minnesota
. Minneapolis, Minnesota
Rat Portage, Manitoba, Canada
. Minneapolis, Minnesota
. Chattanooga, Tennessee
. Ellendale, North Dakota
. Moorhead, Minnesota
. Glenwood, Minnesota
. . Red Wing, Minnesota
. South St. Paul, Minnesota
EL1.isoN HILGER, D. D. S., E. H. STING. U- D- 3-.
322 Greene Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. Tiffin, Ohio.
H. E. Fnnzsum., D. D. S.,
6200 Penn Ave., Pittsburg, Pa.
Wmfianal Clzapiar Wall.
. . Baltimore College of Dental Surgery
. . . . New York College of Dental Surgery
Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgery, Philadelphia
. . Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio
. . . . . Boston Dental College
. University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
. . . Philadelphia Dental College
. . . . University of Bullalo
. . . Northwestern University, Chicago
Chicago College of Dental Surgery, Chicago
. . University ol' Minnesota, Minneapolis
Mu, ..... University of Denver, Colorado
Nu, Pittsburg Dental College, Western University of Penn.
Xi, . Milwaukee, Wis., Medical College, Dental Department
Mu Delta, ..... Harvard Dental College, Boston
Omieron, . . . . University ofKentucky, Louisville
New York Alumni, ..... New York City
Duquesne Alumni, Pittsburg, Penn.
Dalia ck apfef.
frafre: in faculfale.
ALONZO P. WILLIAMSON. GEORGE E. RICKER
WILLIAM E. LEONARD.
THOMAS J. GRAY. EUGENE L. MANN.
FREDERIC M. GITISON. GEORGE F. ROPLERTS
CHAS. A. BALLARD. FRED S. BECKLEY. HENRY M. POLLOCK
' WILI.lAM FORGERSON. GEORGE S. VON WEDELSTAEDT
LEON A. WILLIARIS. ' HENRY G. WORTAT.
ASA J. HAMMOND. GEO. HANILIN
ALBERT E. BOOTH.
GLENN R. MATCHAN. WESLEY G. MATCHAN
FRANK BALOOME. CLIFFORD C. LECK
. New York Homeopathic Medical College
Boston University School of Medicine
. llahnennann Medical College, Philadelphia
. . . University of Minnesota
X. University of Iowa
. . . University of Cleveland
Chicago Homeopathic Medical College
New York Hmucopntlzirr
A-Ierlical College 1889.
1' I I- C
. I I N
. ,, ' ' I ' , ,PJ
WILLIAM HARRY CARII, '98,
AI.nER'r HALLENBERG, '01
frafres hz feye.
HARRISON BURKE NTARTIN, B. A., '94, Law, '98. EDWIN SLOCIIM
CLAUDE GEORGE COTTON, 'O1.
C. O. ALEXUS OLSON,
'04-g Law, '97,
ANDREW' G. GRAY, '01,
NORMAN ATTY '96
THOMAS DEvEREUx, '96,
FRANCIS JAMES IUURPHY, '98, FRANK EUGENE FORCE, '99
C. E. PAYSON COLXVELL, '99, V WILLIAM HOYT YALE, '99.
HORACE BEACH CILLEY, '00, RISNNE WELCIDTT SUT:-IERLANIJ, 'O0.
HERIIERT SPENCER CILLEY, 'OL' IIARRY CHARLES LOoMIs, '01
IIERBERT M. COOLEY, '01. JOHN ALIIERT DEVEREUN, '01.
CHARLES M. WAIST
frafros hz Qlrbe.
E, ex. '01.
KIRRE THVNG, ex. '99.
President, . .
WlI.l.IS M. WEST
j. C. I-IIITCIIINSON
Treasurer, . . ANNA E. GUTIIRIE
Secretary, CLARA E. BAILEY
Ffdffdf hr .2-aculiaie.
PRESIDENT CYRUS NoR'I'IIRoP.
WILLIAM WA'l"l'S FOLWELL. JAIIEZ BROOKS. E. EUGENE MCDERhIO'l'fI'.
J. CORRIN Hu'I'cIIINs0N. F. 1. E. WOODIXRIDGE.
FREII S. JONES. C. W. HALL. I HENRY T. Ennv.
GEORGE. B. FRANKEoR'I'ER. HENRI' F. NACIITRIEII.
DAVIII L. KIEIILE. joIIN S. CLARK. W, R, HUM.,
MA'I'ILIIA J. C. WILKIN. CHARLES BURKE ELLIo1"I'.
CONWAY MACMII.LAN. WII.I.Is M. WEST. C. F. SIIIENER.
JOSEPH B. PIKE. CIIARLES P. BERKEY.
EVERIIART P. HARIIING. ,IIIIIN ZELENY. H01-E MCDONALD.
DR. E. I.. MANN.
SECOND DRAWINIQ-CLASS '97
CA'l'HERINE IQENNIEDY. CA'rIIERINIa MACDIQRIIIIII. I-IEI.EN j. BAKER.
CHARLOTTE IJ. CAIIOUN. STEIIIIEN G. UI-IIYKE.
MARX' WARII. EIIMIIND G. jEwE'I"I'. FRANK C. FAUIIE.
FIRSLP DRAXVING-CLASS '98.
MARY E. OLSON. ANNAIYEL W. BEACH. MARX' C. IIARRIS.
DAVID F. SYVENSON. CONRAD H. ClIRlS'l'0I'HEliSON.
SECIINII DRAXVING-CLASS '9S.
William and Mary College
1 7 7 li.
President, . . . PIENRY T. EDDY
Vice-President, . .' HENRY F. NACIITRIEII
Recording Secretary, . . FRANK H. CONSTANT
Corresponding St'L'I'6tZlI'y, D. T. MACDOUGIXI.
Treasurer ,... . HARIIY E. SMITH
frnires 131 faouliale.
WAI. R. AIIRLEIIY. FRANK H. CONSTANT. 'FREDERICK W. DENTON.
.IOIIN F. IJOIYNEY. HENRY T. EIIDY. CIIARLES N. HEWITT.
GEORGE B. FRANK FURTER. CIlRlS'l'0l'llER W. I-IALL.
ARTIIIIR E. HAYNES. I-I. VVADE PIHIUARD. WII.I.IAIII R. HOAII. FREII S.-ION:-:s.
WM. H. KIRCIINER. FRANCIS P. LIC.-XVENXVORTH. D. T. MACDOIIIIAI..
CONXVAY M,XCMlI.I..kN. HENRY F. NACIITRIEII.
HARIQY' E. SMl'l'l'I. GEORGE D. SIIEPARIISON. CIIARLES F. SIDENER.
NEWTON H. WINCI-IELI.. HAIIIIX' A. LEONI-IAIISER. TIIOAIAS G. LEE.
FRANK F. WEsIIRoOK. CIIARI.Es J. BELL.
JAMES H. GILI.. EIIIYARIJ E. NIcIIOI.sON. CIIARLES P. BERKEY.
' PETER CIIRISTIANSON. JOIIN ZELENY.
U. S. GRANT. EVERIIART P. HAIIDINIS. F. W. MANSON.
L. E. GRIFFIN.
HARRY W. ALLEN.
A. A. HELLER.
ENnm-:RT A. LEE.
FRANK W. SPRINGISR,
C. E. MAGNIYSSON.
CLAss OF '97,
CIIARLOTTE D. CAIIOON.
FREDERICK W. WEIIIIEII. CI.ARIIxEL ANGLE
HENRX' A. ERICKSON.
S. B. SOULE.
AXEL C. BAKER.
WM. F. IQUNZEI
ORSON M. WASHIQURN.
F. B. WALKER.
JESSE F. CAI-LIN.
Y g... . ..-.4
BERT. S. A DAMS.
W. L. HURSII.
I H. M. STANFORII.
. NINA UPDYKIE
. S. A. JORDAHI.
A. B. CHRILDRESS
io Mo .59-ederalad C'ounc1?.
W. E. j. GRATZ.
DE1.'1'A SIGMA. '
E. M. CUNNINGHAIII.
b D. F. SWIINSON.
I.,Iw I.ITER.IRv. -
D. M. CAMERON.
'f:DG?i-La-23i5'g3gc44.VZ i1iL -Q23 2533282 Qebaies.
Y 0. 33-'ff -i-,if , . Q J'iC-N gh
QP E, D
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fi6'2.,--2- M -f 1 QCMQ '
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Whrnesafn ur. fozua.
May 13, 1898, at University of Minnesota.
S. C. SCOTT, W. B. S'l'lEXVAR'l', W. C. Honosou.
Hou IOXVA. ,
my-0711171 us. Zell!! Jzyma.
March 21, 1898.
rfonum--Avlflum,vr1vE. DEr.'r.x slmmx-Nm:A'1'1vls.
HunEn'r Russlzu., W. M. jmeomls. R. A. Wlwzlzx., H. B. HUMPHRIES.
Won by Afiirmative.
gnslallhn us. Jhakopenn.
March 27, 1898.
S. E. MOQJN, G. B. O'r'r15. E. F. MCGINNIS, j. B. ORMOND.
Won by Afiirnmtive.
my-0171171 US. ucatflll.
April 16, 1898.
I'IUHIiR'I' Russian., W. M.jlaRom:. N. R. Bmw:-mlm, HENRY SPINDLER.
Won by Affirmative.
Jhakapoan us. JH-fri.
April 22, 1898.
W. I-I. AIYAMS, A. N. Ffxrelxxrslz. I-Imn.x1.x:, Sxssu.
Won by Kent.
Winners of Two Previous Contests.
May 14-, 1808.
.lfeni us. faruzzz.
2 7 7
forum .fderary efoozkfy.
President, . .
Vice President, .
Critics, . . .
Du ision Leaders,
Jos. E. Guthrie.
Perry O. Hanson.
Malcolm G. Wyer.
Claude F. Gray.
Leonard E. Hanson.
Allen R. Benham.
John C. Knox.
Cleve W. Van Dyke.
Emil W. Helnies.
Ralph E. S. Squires.
B. L. Newkirk.
L. T. Savage.
E. M. Freeman.
H. E. R. Bursell.
A. R. McCook.
F. W. Blanche.
E. G. jewett.
W. E. Warren.
D. F. Swenson.
G. A. Hanson.
. Jos. E. Gum-IRIE
. F. W. Bnmfonn
. M. G. WYER
. . H. D. NEVVKIRK
, Jfohbe Members. .
D F-7 -rr "1
. . -....
Faq.. TF. -.o.
F' W E
Hector G. Spaulding.
Will V. Kennedy.
james E. Gray.
Herbert W. Jones.
H. L. Dixson.
F. C. Faude.
G. C. Dunlap.
P. W. Guilford.
Chas. S. Olds.
J. V. S. Fisher.
E. W. Couper.
H. M. Stanford.
H. B. Smith.
L. N. Booth.
P. M. Glasoe.
A. A. Norton.
Paul G. Schmidt.
C. W. VANDYKE
H. G. Sx'AUr.mNu
J. C. Knox
F. W. Bisnronn
President, . .
Secretary , .
Critic, . .
Czar, . . .
Wm. C. Gerdscn.
L. O. Clement.
J. H. Johnson.
' Lewis Klovc.
L. C. Luhr,
E. F. McGinnis.
I. G. Page.
E. L. Lewis.
O. A. Lende.
B. S. Nickerson.
W. H. Adams.
W. H. Hursh.
A. N. Farmer.
S. A. Jorclahl.
J. A. Burger.
Jas. H. Nicol.
Ii. E. Carlson.
J. J. Purcell.
J. B. Ormoml.
J. P. Smith.
J. A. Kirk.
W. T. Larson.
.funerary ?y9I7I bers.
G. A. E. Finlayson,
B. H. Knight.
I. E. Ringstad.
D. A. Grussendorf.
L. O. Osborn.
S. G. Upclyke.
S. G. Phelps.
G. B. Caldwell.
W. F. Knnzc.
M. J. Inby.
L. B. Austin.
R. Y. Ferner.
A. A. McBride.
W. L. Burnap.
WM. C. GIERDSIEN
Jmvuzs H. Nicol.
. Aim Toxic
C. C. Gilchrist.
C. P. Rice.
Casiaifan .fderary Joe-lknfy.
Vice-President, . .
Secretary and Treasurer,
II. DI. Besscsen.
Charles F. Grass.
S. E. Moon.
Theo. A. Erickson.
A. H. Dunlap.
II. B. Gislason.
F. G. Kotlaba.
C. C. Dinehart.
F. E. Downing.
L. H. Colson.
C. M. Kellam.
L. B. Smith.
Wm. S. Frost.
H. J. BESSESEN
B. E. MCGREGOR
CHARLES F. GRASS
B. E. McGregor
P. S. Smith.
J. C. Dow.
Geo: H. Green.
C. W. Higgins.
Chas. E. Park.
Geo. B. Otte.
P. R. Day.
Alex. G. McKni
J. R. Ware.
P. C. Heard.
W. E.J. Gratz.
. P. S. SMITH
V3 . ':a - - s wbevfabaifmflcfu , Kd
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President, . . . NINA T. Uvnvxis
Vice-President, . JANET WEllS'1'liR
Secretary, . Lrnm C. CARLSON
Treasurer, . . Lvnm E. Llisux
Lydia B. Carlson. Martha W. Cartwright.
Hattie Conser. Katherine Cornish.
Vesta Cornish. Mamie G. Fanning.
Margaret Fehr. Helen Henkeuson.
Nellie C. Hodgson.
Alice A. Olds.
Ingeborg G. Lommen.
Jennie B. McGregor.
Nina T. Upflykc. jelmie S. Webster.
'77 ,.,- -.,:, eu 5 1" 'J ,f7' 0 ,rp 17-IT-ii! fgflv, ,
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Qeifa Jlyma .fzlforazy J'ac1'e1fy.
President, . .
Recording Secretary, . .
j. M. Arneson.
E. M. Cll1lllll1gllZLl11.
H. O. Eggen.
W. C. Hodgson.
H. B. Humphrey.
M. A. Kiefer.
R. J. Mayo.
R. F. Barrett.
I-I. B. Carey.
T. I.. Duncan.
J. E. Folsom.
P. R. johnson.
H. I.. Lyon.
E. P. Rostad.
VV. B. Stewart.
R. A. Wetzel.
C. E. Woodward.
1. D. Tohnan.
B. S. Adams. A. E. Stone.
W. C. Honusox
. R. A. WIETZET.
. H. L. LvoN
. R. bl. Mlxro
H. B. I-InMl'1-Imax'
W A -J
.6 aw .f1?erafr.y.
- Offibers. f
President, . . . . , M. MARX
Vice-President, I'1ENRY SPINDLER
Secretary, . A. B. THOMPSON
Treasurer, . . SEVERIN IVERSON
Sergeant-at-Arms, . M. E. SULLVAN
Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms, . . . S. C. SCOTT
D. M. CAMERON, J.j. DALY, II. N. PUFFER. K
S. C. Scott. I S. Iverson.
A. P. Hanson.
Thos. j. Benedict.
R. C. Stewart.
L. W. Vasaly.
G. F. Burke.
Andrew H. Maas.
M. E. Sullivan.
R. G. Patton.
N. N. Bergheim.
Z. A. Coleman.
E. O. Hagen.
C. R. B. Bates.
N. J. Robinson.
F. A. Cameron.
H. E. Posely.
Wm. T. Kane.
R. T. Bull.
J. J. Fahey.
D. M. Cameron.
A. B. Thompson.
Fay W. Spearman.
Thos. S. Kennedy.
H. O. Biorge.
Harry W. Evans.
B. B. Gislason.
L. N. PufTer.
C. A. Arness.
N. E. Tliormodson.
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lieasurer, . .
. Slxiumsr. GILMORIQ ANDERSON
. . A1.mcR'r PFAENIIER
. . AL1f1:isn L. TIIXVING
NVAIJPIER WYMAN Smrrn
. . . 1JAx"roN D. MARTIN
Reuben Celins Tliompsoll. Clair Albion Chapman.
Einar Hoidale. George Wallis Clmmplin.
Charles Elmquist Dayton D. Martin.
Albert Conrad Kvello. Edward Henry Krelwitz.
Artlnu' Burke Childress.
Adolph li. L. johnson.
Walter Wyman Smith.
Perl C. Cornish.
John Brodie Pattison.
Samuel Gilmore Anderson.
. William li. Goodlellow.
Allred L. rrlll-Vlllg.
' ' 1900.
T. S. Sasse.
Charles Wilson llnttz, jr.
William Goronnry Owens.
George Wurton Hopp.
Wesley C. McDowell.
Edward Morris Warren.
F. C. Smith. -lllllll Wricli Irlemmy, '08.
Charles Loring, '9S. Weslev S. Foster, '99.
J. C. White, '9s. '
President, 435 ........... ,lAs. McIN'rx'Rl':
Vice-President, 121 . fIARRY S. SWENSON
Secretary, 115 ..... . . C. E. PAx'soN Co1.wEl.L
Treasurer, GU ........... HORACE CILLY
canfosf for .9?7l.s-bury .Vanin-, WGFCA, 18.961
First Prize, ........... EDWIN A. SLOCUM
Second Prize, ......,.... FRANK E. FORCE
Third Prize, ' . ........ . JOSEl'l'1 BEACH
President, . . j. P. HlcI.x'HR1sv.
Iowa Wesleyan College, Mt. Pleasant, Iowa.
Vice-President, . . . J. A. MCCAXX'.
Beloit College, Beloit, Wis.
Secretary and Treasurer, . . S. E. FISHER.
Eureka College, Eureka, Ill.
Contest to beheld at Beloit, Wis., May 5, 1898.
fnier-colleyiaie Uraiorzk-aI .7fs'.roc1'a!1'on.
President, .......... E. S. TOAN, Carleton.
Vice-1'resident, ......... F. ll. DAVIS, Minnesota.
Secretary, .......... D. W. S'rEumNs, Hamline.
Treasurer, .' ......... C. D. BAKER, Macalester.
Contest held April 8, at Carleton College.
Won by THOMAS D. ScuAL1. of HAMI.lNE.
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Z 1 435 ' pf- """'-
'a f i " if rea .wff :ss .ff """"' Hz: 2255 " if '
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lf fIlAf. ,i jlff-313 Qcgyc CTN Jean - Jr-. lc? -
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The Students' Christian Association is our oldest religious organization,
dating since 1885.
It built the S. C. A. building, now rented by the Y. M. C. A., and occupied for
a time the whole field 0i'Cl"l1'iStl!.ll1 work in the University.
Its activities have since been largely supplanted by those ofthe Y. M. C. A.
and Y. W. C. A., so that it now remains scarcely more than a bond ofunion
between the two younger associations. lt liolds a monthly prayer meeting, and
maintains a lecture course during the year.
President, . . . . . D. F. Swm-:soN.
Vice-President, . Eifrnc M. -IACOIIISEN.
Secretary, . . Mun' L. I-Ilciuucx.
Treasurer, . . . . CnAR1.1ss Hillel."
.9?anrn' of Db-ecionr.
Dean Pattee. Prof. A. E. Ilaynes.
Prof. Matilda il. Wilkin. Proli F.J. Ii. Woodbridge.
H. S. Adams. G. S. Phelps.
ll. C. Knox. Lillian Marvin.
Nina T. Updyke.
Jiuden is '
. ax b
,4,, .. N
' 'il' ' ze-
A ' h' 'Q'
President, . . . . . . Ru'ru Huw:
Vice-President, llj . . . Lum Osnolm
Recording Secretary, Q25 . . NINA T. UPDYKE
Corresponding Secretary, C35 . . . Mmev R. Cxoinck
Treasurer, C43 . . . . G14:mm,xNA PISNNINGTON
General Secretary, C53 ....... lfS'l'l:l.l.l'2 lAi.u.l.,xM B1fNNlf'1"1'
The Young NVomen's Christian Association was organized in 1891. and has
steadily increased in members and influence, so that the seventh year ol' its exist-
ence linfls it with a membership of 116 earnest young women working lbr the
development of Christian character.
The three important departments ol work are the devotional, the Bible study
and the social.
The prayer meetings held twice a week have been well attended and lilll of
Bible study, under the direction ol' Misses Olson and Marvin, has become an
important part ol' the association work: seven classes, with a membership oi
fifty-live, meet weekly. Also a mission study class ol' twenty, in charge ofMiss
Osborn and Mr. Beaveu.
A series ofiuformal receptions, given every two weeks in our pleasant room,
has been the source ol mneh enjoyment and good-lellowship among old and new
The association sent three delegates to the Geneva Conference, and eight to
the State Convention at Northheld last October.
The association has enjoyed increased prosperity through the laithlial eflbrts
ol our General Secretary, Miss Bennett, aucl it has before it a future bright with
young WCPIIJJ' Cilzrzlrlzhn Jfssoczkzizbn.
f1fj,"lllliZL'l' Feb. 12, 1887.
President, . . ....... Plsnnv O. HANsoN
General Secretary. ...... LINNAEUS T. Sammi
I . . Academic- D. F. Swanson
Vice-Presidents, . . Medic- Fmsn S'l'RA'l'lIERN
i . - - Law- WARD BENTON
Corresponding Secretary, . . . . . C. J. Donnie
Recording Secretary, ........ , W, C, HODGSON
Treasurer, ......... G, S, PHELPS
.Qoard of Dhecfars.
A. E. Haynes, Chairman. Frederick J. E. Woodbridge.
David V. Kiehle. john C. Hutchinson. H. Wade Hibbard.
Hon. John T. Wyman. H. A. Seriver.
Wm. F. Webster. E. B.jol1nson.
P. O. Hanson. G. S. Phelps.
DEl'AR'l'MEN'l'S on woRK.
Bible Study, B. S. Adams. Religious Meetings, C. R. Morris.
Missions, Fred E. Heaven. Finance, A.j. Finch.
Invitation. F. W. Bedford. Membership, j. H. Nicol.
Reception, W. A. Badger. Music, L. N. Osborn.
Free Employment Bureau and Students' Loan Fund. W. C. Hodgson.
Reading Room, E. A. Freeman. Building and Attraction, G. S. Phelps.
Educational, D. F. Swenson. Inter-Collegiate Relations, C. J. Dodge.
Hand-Book, General Secretary. Loan Library, L. O. Clement.
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DEI'AR'I'MIiN'I' on IENGLISII.
lsAnEL D. PARKER.
206011 foward Jvholarshzjz.
, MARloN E. POT'l'IiR.
'89 Wemarzkzl farflze.
lJIiI'AR'I'MEN'l' or nIs'roRx'.
GEORGE C. DuNI.A.i-.
llEI'AR'l'MIEN'I' or MILITARY SCIENCE.
L. L. TEN BROECR.
IlEI'AR'I'MEN'I' OF ENGLISH.
First Prize-CNot Awardedj.
" Grover Cleveland."
Jussna M. YOUNG
Third Prize, ........ GEORGE C. DUNLAP
'L Iivils ofthe County jail System."
DEI'AR'I'MENT Oli' MECHANICAL IENGINEIBRING.
First Prize, S20 and Gold Medal, ...... ENGIIERT A. LEE
"An Original Design lor a Bascule Bridge."
Second Prize. S20 and Gold Medal, ..... IFRANK B. WAI.KI42R
"The Sllearing Strength ol' Wire Nails." ICIIARLES H. CROSS
IbIiI'.XR'l'MIEN'I' on LAW.
First Prize, S-I-0,
. . . . . . . . Lorls I.. Iloncm.
.yzwsbllvy yarliza hz Uraforhy.
First Prize, 3530. '
Second Prize, 525,
Third Prize, S20,
. . . . . . . . IEIIXVIN A. Snocvn
. FRANK Ii. FORCE
. . joslwn BEAcu
ui 'n I 1
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?ln1'uer.sv?.y Dramalfc Club.
U:7.,'nnizell l"eb. 21, 1896.
NINA T. U1-nrluz
President, . . . . . ,
Vice-President, . .
Secretary, . .
Treasurer, ..... .
Pkmf. E. E. McIl1sRMu'r'r. Plml-'. C. F. McC1.l'Ml'lm.
' DR. CIIAS. Ii. Wls1,1.s.
. li. P. S.xx1fmm
. . F. E. Fouclc
I D. L0'rmzol-
' l E. M. PR0l"rx'
. NINA T. lliflwmz
. Em'r11 Tomi
. jmuxs BIiNNli'l'T
Sir Geoffrey Champneys, .....
Perkyn Midcllewick, a retired hutterman,
Talbot Champneys, I , , ,
Charles Midd1ewick,f01" BOW' ' - '
Clarissa Champneys, the baronet's sister,
Violet Melrose, an heiress, .... ,
Mary Melrose, her cousin, . . .
Belinda, a lodging house "slave-y," .
Kcmpster, a servant, .........
Presented at Armory Hall, Febru:u'y 22, 1898,
Total Membership, 62.
Wepublzban club 0022-or.s' and daxeouliue commikee.
President, jour. E. Gxuznouv, . . Law
Secretary. . SAMUEL H- WVOLF, . Academic
Treasurer, . E. C. ScHooNM.uiEv, Medical
I JOHN H. IQIRK, , Academic
Vice-Presidents, . 4' B- F- SIMONS, Medical
l j. C. WlilTl5, . Law
'rms oxfmcxcns ,mn
WM. B. Fol.wm.I.. Clus. E1.xlQU1s'r. N. M. lima.
jorm W. MARsnAI.L. S. C. Scmsn'r'r.
N. P. Cknsnv. WliSI.EX' Fos'rE1z. F. A. N1svx1An'r.
Romzm' D. S'r1cw.xu'r. jour: S. Pu.1.snuRv.
Ufhbers and commiiiee of Me .Q1'-Weiallio Club of Me
?!m'uer.u?y of Whznesofa.
President, . . G. W. CHAMPLIN
Vice President, . . . N. N. Biznomam
Secretary and Treasurer, . . Wm. MCINTYRE
W' . . W. W. CAMPBELL
Sergeant-ab Arm s, .
Wm. Olander. W. F. Ewert.
M. Marx. S. G. Anderson.
Wm. W. Gallop. Ii. D. Hagen.
j. U. Hcmmy. A. Higgins.
E. H. Krelwitz. C. G. johnson.
N. E. Thormodson. j. tl. Daley.
j. E. Manley. J. ll. Fahey.
Cammzwee on .L'1?oralure.
B. B. Gislason. G. H. Miles.
N. I. johnson. E. Fleming.
E. Hoidale. G. M. Hopp.
Aad Tone. C. Hayden.
W. V. Kane.
The Bimetallic Club of the University of Minnesota was organized in October,
1896, for the purpose ol' enabling its members to gain a thorough knowledge of
the subject of finance, and facilitating the study of practical politics in municipal,
state and national departments, and stimulating the students of the different de-
partments of our University to take an active interest in governmental affairs
and fit themselves to assume the duties of citizenship.
The membership oi' the club has steadily increased since its organization and
it may now be safely regarded as one of the permanent institutions of our
President, . . . WM. FURST
Vice-President, . . DR. F. L. MCVEY
Secretary, . . Mvxvrm THAYER
Treasurer, . ETHEL S. GRAVES
Rm' V. Wulmrr.
H. A. G. Hll.DlillR.XND'I'.
E. W. D. TAx'1.me.
E. A. VVHITMAN.
M. F. Wmsmx.
Cliairman P1'og1'am Comm i tice,
C. C. Gn.cmus'r.
judge C. B. Elliott.
Treasurer, I '
Dr. W. W. Folwcll.
Jac-zbfy for .gas-yolrzbnl Qesearoh.
97011712-al Jczbnce Club.
Wm. W. Folwell.
HARLOXV L. GALE
E. C. Gale
. . . I GEORGE B. FRANK!-'oR'1'ER
Prof. W. M. West.
J. B. Puma
CHARLES P. BERKEY
. jolm N. BERG
. Guo. R. HORTCJN
. L. B. AUSTIN
john N. Berg.
Geo. R. Horton. L. B. Austin.
5.190 J'cnndl71av1hn f1?0rary 01:16.
. S. A. Jokmm.
. . H. O. Essex
Lynn B. CARLSON
01110010111 01 01101100010
Published Weekly by the Students.
6'dl?or1hl Qoard '97-'98
Managing Editor, ...... CONRAD H. CuR1sTOPHERsoN, '98
Assistant Managing Editor, . . . . GEO. B. CALDXVELL, '98
Editor-in-Chief of News Department, . PERRY O. HANSON, '99
Business Manager, .... . . M. J. Lunv, '98
CLAYTON J. DODGE, '98. C. C. GILCHRIST, '98, ELIZAIIETII FISHER, '98.
FRANK ZELENY, '98. MINOT J. BIQOWN, '99.
BIRDETTE MERRILI., '00,
ORA FEATT-1ERsTONE, '99.
R. M. WASI!liURN, '01.
E. HOIDAI.E, '98.
G. H. LUDTKE, '99.
6'n'1?ar1hl Ecard 398- 29.9.
Managing Editor, . . . CHARLES A. JOHNSON, '99
Assistant Managing Editor, , . . JOSEPH E. GUTHRIE, '99
Editor-in-Chief News Department, . . . FRED. W. BEDFORD, '00
LESTER j. FITCH, '99, H. A. HILDEHRANDT, '99. FOI Hofrcuxlss, '99,
HARRY L. CURRIER, '99. FRANK O'HARA, '00,
EARLE S. KNox, '01, I MARX' S. CARTER, '00,
A. L. TuwlNG, '99. C. P. BULL, '01,
Puhlisliecl Annually by the junior Class.
6'd1?or121l .2?oard for fophery 29.9.
Managing Editor ,.....,.... RUnoLr-II A. LEE
Editor in Chief, . CLARENCE C. DINEHART
Business Manager, . . . EDXVARD A. WIIITMAN
Associate Business Manager, . . XWVAIXPER L. BENEDICT
Artist, ...... . jour: K. WATISRRIAN
Chairman Literary Committee, . ISAIIEL C. CIIADXVICK
Chairman Chronicle Committee, . . . ALICE E. CRAIG
OLIVE N. I-IALLOCK. GERTRUDE E. FITNK.
S'rEI'IIEN H. BAXTER. BERNARD S. NICKERSON
CHARLES S. OLIIS. GRACE E. Comsrocx.
Editor Medical College,. . . . . N. OLIVER RAMs'rAD
Editor Law College, . . . I'IARRY S. SXVENSON
Editor Agricultural College, . . ADAM CARLYLE
didllforlkrl .Qoard for Qgoplzen 1.900 -
Managing Editor, .......... -IAMEs H. NICOL
Editor in Chief, .
. PAUL FAUIJE
. M. S'l'RA'l'TON
Artist, . . . W. L. BROXVNE
M. L. S'roNIc. FANNIE SAX'YER
M. L. GERIIART. A. R. BENIIAM.
E. M. PRou'rx'. II. G. SPAULDING. BELLE THOMAS
Zfize Winnesoia 7Wa-gazhze.
Publisher! MoIItlIly by the Senior Class.
Managing Editor ,.....
Secretary, . .
Business Manager, . .
Assistant Business Manager, . . .
. FRED U. DAVIS
. ALIIERT J. DICKINSON
. JOHN H. KIRK
. FIIANK E. DEAN
. 'FRED HuxLI:v
EDITORIAL STA FF.
Samuel H. Wolfe.
X Harry A. Scamlrett.
Bertram S. Adams.
Prof. William Folwell, LL. D.
Pxfof. Charles F. McCIumplIa, PII. D.
Prof. Frederick Woodbridge, B. A.
Managing Editor ,... HENRYJ. PFEIFFER, '98 I . JAMES B. ORMOND,
Assistant Managing Editor, . . FRANK O'HARA, '00 Literary Editors.: JOSEPH E. GUTHRIE, '
Editor-in-Chief, News Department, FRANK MCIXTi'RE, '98 l . . james H. NICOL,
Business Manager, .... WM. B. FOLWELL, '99 Athletic Editor, ...... E. C. TOWER,
Artist, ....... BERT KNIGHT, '98
'GSI '51 IIJJUIV I'-71
Qlfomcm 'J' Jfriel gourd.
Editor-in-Chief, . .
Editorial Staff, , ,
Editor-in-Chief . .... .
Associate Editors, ,
Art Committee, .
Advertising Committee, . . .
ELIZAIIETII FIsI-IER, '98
ALICE M. PAGE,
FLORA VAN VLIET,
Alanzzging Editor, .
President of Society,
Civil Engineering, .
Alecha nical Engineering,
BOARD OF EDITORS.-OFFICERS:
. H. A. SMITH Business Manager. . ADOLPH XY. XVAGNER
. ROY V. XVRIGHT Assistant Business Manager, . . V. GRALING
. . . C. A. GLASS Electrical Engineering, F. W. MCKELLIP
. . J. E. O'BRnfx Mining Engineering. . . H. A. SMITH
Chemical Engineering. . F. H KELL.XR
'U' -11 '-1"""'-"X ' -. :Aw-'.:.fM-M.':T'?'.-,
1 4 . AI" V.,
H, - ..--. -.. 1,1111 rf... ..-,,::,- ... ,,5.,-
f ' 1 , 1' Off- J 2 s '11
IH Y u Y X q ng if
of J 5' A
7!n1'uer.sv?y choral Qlmbn
President, . DR. FAQANKFORTIQR
Vice-President, . . DR. Woommmma
Director, . . FR,xu1.E1N A. E. SCIIOEN-RENE
Secretary, . . . MARIE A. ROCIIE
Treasurer, . li. W. Couvmz
Librarian, . . . Loi' M. Puun
Bloodgood. A. Hcgner.
Northwestern May Festival, . . . Minneapolis, 1897
October, Blauvelt Concert, . . Minneapolis, 1897
Sig. Gino L. l'cl'crn, 4Dircct.nr.
Wandolzh and sguifar Club.
. Tumzou W. BURGLEHAUS
. ARTHUR N. Cor.L1Ns
F. C. Kinyon.
A. N. Collins.
R. P. Smith.
C. S. Pillsbury.
. . CHARLES PlI.LsnURv
President . . . .
Leader, . . . . .
J. S. Pillsbury. - G. D. Montgomery.
E. R. Dibble. j. E. Searles,
P. E. Wilson. E. M. MacKusick.
C. C. Higgins. H. S. Sanderson,
T. W. Burglehaus. W. W. Kinyon.
F. F. Ellsworth. R. E. Herring.
96 of Wuavbal Jfrroazhfzbn.
President, ...... .
. CLARENCE C. DINEIIART
Prull Hnl. S. Woodruff: Director.
7ln1ber.sv'1fy .give club.
Manager, . A. A. '1'wI'rcI-IELI.
Leader, . . S. JOE SMITH
Secretary, . . . S. L. Movme
Treasurer, Cr.,xRraNcIz C. DINEIIAR1'
I.ibra1-ian, . . . P. W. RonER'rsnN
F. B. SMVPH. NAT. IQING. WALTER CUNANT. S. L. Movlsle.
C. C. DINEHART. L. M. Puun. Cxms. G. FL,xN,xoAN.
lfmwr msslas. -
A. A. 'I'w1'rcx-IHL1.. A. N. Cm.r.lNs. B. II. TUWNE. E. P. SAN1foRn.
H. M. BECK. P. W. R0msR'rsoN. S. DI. SMITH
lvA'N PARRY. WM. B. FuLw1sl.1.. L. M. LANE.
Air. Ii. .-l. Ruse, Director.
Qlnzbersizfy C'adoz' Wand.
Cl1iei'Musicizm, . . . . . W. H. CARI:
Drum Major, . .
. . - . . . . P. J. LAVVRENCE
. . . . . . . . . CLAUDE Co'rToN
W. H. Card. Claude Luse.
E. j. French. J. H. Titus. E. H. Beckman. F. E. Seine.
- R. A. Lee. E. L. McClatchel.
C. W. Colby. F. G. Hanuiman. R. L. Tebbitt.
R. P. Smith.
G. D. Montgomery. L. E. Hanson.
H. C. Cooper. Charley Seine.
H. R. Beetle. 'C. S. Radcliff.
H. M. Wagner. G. E. Thomas. H. S. Greiner. A. H. Cox. F. L. Stoudt.
F. F. Ellsworth.
P. J. Lawrence.
I".'1rm Sclnml Qunrtct
Dairy Bcll Quzzrtct.
,..,.:4-.,r..-1-1 .' xg.
.xx 'I x
F'o ot IBM'-
.QF-21's qv----5-:' 4- - M-Z
. ,.. rm., , ,.......u
Iiuzzrfl of Control.
President, . . . . . E. P. l-IARIHNG
Vice-President, . . Il. A. Sc,xNDmz'r'r
Secretary, . . . . . W. BILLINGS
Treasurer, fnon-oflicialj ....... . D. W. SPRAGUE
Member: of lim .59-nozzify.
Pkolf. F. W. DENTON. Pnurf. F. j. Ii. Woonmuumf.
W. C. Lnfxuv. H. VAN C.xm1'EN.
E. M. FHEEMAN, '9S. W. A. McIN'rvlus, '99,
R. HASTINCES, fLawJ. 1. C. L1'rzraNnmu:, qMedicinc-J.
Managers Jenson 296'-19.9. .
Football, ...... L. L. Twvrcx-m1.L
Baseball, . R. D. O'BR1EN
. F. U. DAVIS
. C. GQ Imsvs
. ' drag! X ,X
pf f 5 I l
few- ,gr -
R gf 1 V f 1
,-.,,, N X ,ff
,rf , , . , , ,
f ,' 'I
U, , -'
fl' ., A
J Warsfafy gieven.
Coach, ..... .ALEX N. JERREMS
Trainer, ...... 'Ed W. MouL'roN
LINE uv w1scoNs1N GAME.
John M. Harrison, fCapt.J '98, Left End
G. A. E. Finlayson, fLawj Left Tackle
A. M. Smith, iMedia-J . Left Guard
J. G. Winkjer, '99, . . . Center
A. K. Ingalls, fLawJ
C. Nicoulin, fLawl .
C. R. Sheplcy, '01,
Geo. E. Cole, '00,
G. W. Evans '01, .
S. W. Bagley, CLawj
H. C. Loomis, '99, .
L. L. Twicllcll, Mnnugerlfbr Scason-'9S-'99,
Record of Same: for Jonson of '91
of M. vs.
South Side High,
. Grinnell .
Ames . .
. . . at Minneapolis, 22- 0
. at Minneapolis, 26- 0
. at Minneapolis, 416- 6
. at Minneapolis, 6- 0
. at Minneapolis, 10-12
. at Minneapolis, 0-39
. at Detroit, 0-14-
. . at LaFayette, 0- 6
:Summary of falhis from 13.9.
'89. Alfred F. Pillsbury, Capt., .
'90. Horace R. Robinson, Capt., .
'91. Wm. J. Leary, Capt., .
'92. Wm. J. Leary, Capt., .
'93. james E. Madigan, Capt.,
'94-. Everhart P. Harding, Capt., .
'95. Augustus, T. Larson, Capt., .
'96, John M. Harrison, Capt.,
'97. John M. Harrison, Capt., .
'98. Harry C. Loomis. -
Total number of points won, 1,068. Total number of points lost, 332.
Points Won 66 Points Lost 8
'yarrlfy ur. MMA yan.
Oct. 17,1892, . . 14- 6 Nov.23, 1895, . . . o-20
Oct. 28, 1893, . . . 34---20 Nov. 7, 1896, fprotestedl 4--- 6
NOV. 13, 1897, . 0-14-.
Points won, 52. Points lost, 66.
' 'Warsdy vs. Yllisconshz.
1891 . 26--12 1894. 0. . 0-- 6
1892 . 32- 4- , 1895 . - 14-10
1893 . . 40- 0 1826 . . . 0- 6
1897 - 0-39
Points won, 112.
Points lost, 77.
.2105 Ze 11229.
100 Yards Dash, . .
220 Yards Dash, .
4-4-0 Yards Dash, .
One-lmlt' Mile Run,
One Mile Run, .
1 20 Yards Hurdle,
220 Yards Hurclle, .
One Mile Walk, . .
Throwing the Hammer,
Putting the Shot, .
Running Broad Jump, .
Running High jump, .
Pole Vault, . .
MANAGEIK, C. E. P. CoI.wm.L. CAPTAIN ov TRACK TEAM, HARRY C. Loomis.
SlcAsoN oFi1H97-98. Fuzma DAx', 1897.
Chas. Stevenson, Law, . . 10 sec
. Chas. Stevenson, Law, . 22 1-5 Sec
. O. C. Nelson, '00, . . 50 1-5 sec
. O. C. Nelson, '00, - . 2:06 m. 3-5 sec
. C. C. Clark, . . 4-111. 56 sec
. George Sinclair, Law, . 18 4--5 sec
. H. C. Loomis, '99, . . 27 2-5 sec
. lf. 1-I. Bnnncll, '97, . 7111. 29 sec
M. Tcrgen, '99, . . . 96 ft. S in
ll. C. Loomis, '99, . . 37 ft. 5 in
. E. C. Gaines, Medic. '98, . 20 ft. 11M in
. Geo. Sinclair, Law, . . 5 ft. 3 in
. J. M. Ilan-rison, Law, . . . 10 ft. -1- in
I-I. K. Brooks, . . 2 111. 30 1-5 sec
One Mile Bicycle Race .
john Marshall, Afllllagfl' ibr Season 'US-99. C. P. Colwcll, Manager 18117.
. H. A
Manager, Season 1897
F. X. MooNEv, . . .
Ci-ms. C. GILCHREST,
ED. H. KRELwrrz,
C. A. KvELL0,
W. A. PLvMA'r, .
E. A. RYDEEN, . . .
. C. NASON, . . .
. W. JGNES, . .
. L. BU'r'rz, j
. I '
I . .
J. E. 0'Bricn, Manager 1898.
, University of Minnesota vs. East Side High School,
, University of Minnesota vs, South Side High School,
University ofMinnesota vs. Y. M. Literary Society,
,University of Minnesota vs. St. Olof QNOrthfieldl,
. . 4- 6
. .'l2- 8
. .21-- 4-
. . 5-14-
If , 1' iii? .', i I 5 ir
'. I' ii L' , ff. ' .
. Vif: i i., 1 fr 1 A It 5 7 '
1 if r l e X. - y . 2
f '.1, b b J ,-
Wifi x'V, i i ' I ' ' 'i 7 V 5. '
A 3, University
GAM ES PLAYED.
of Minnesota vs
of Minnesota vs
of Minnesota vs.
of Minnesota vs.
of Minnesota vs
of Minnesota vs
of Minnesota vs
. M. C. A. Triangles,
M. C. A. Triangles,
M. C. A. Alplias, .
M. C. A. Goalitcs, .
M. C. A. Picked Team,
M. C. A. Alphas, .
P. A.Johnson, 1Cz1pt. 'OOJ .
R. B. Stephens, C982
H. W.jones, fMedie 'OU
M. A. Kiefer, COO, . .
G, W. Robertson, COD . .
I. G. Page, C983 I
C. W. Olson, C001 5
H. E. Poseley, Qhaw 'OOQ1
R. R. Ireland, C015 I
1 l -5
. F. U. Dixvis
Olson. Page. F. U. Davis. Poseley. Ireland.
jones. Stephens. Kiefer. Robertson
...... .,.. -- ........ ..... .., ,..
Jfyrlculiuraf A '
Jfifz Ze flbs. ,
Ns 21' f, P'
Ilnslccl linll Tcnm-Sclmnl m Agriculture.
Foot 131111 Tcnm-Schnml ofAgric1lIt1lre.
Fu rm Sclmnl Olliucrs.
F14 rm School Scrgcnnts.
Officers of Corps or Cadets.
Wnzberszfy of Mbznasola Corps of Cndeis. Qin lb 8 r J 1? y
Commandant, . ..... H. A. LEONIIAUEER, lst Lieut. U. S. A. 6 d
Cadet Major, ..... WASHINGTON YALE, JR. a efs'
Cadet lst Lieutenant and Adjutant, . . T, W, BURGLEHAU5
Cadet 1st Lieutenant and Quartermaster, . , , S, E' DAVIS
Cadet 1st Lieutenant and Chief Musician, . . . , W, H, CARD
Cadet Sergeant Maior, . . .
Cadet Color Sergeant, . . .
Cadet lst Sergeant and Principal Musician,
Cadet 1st Sergeant and Principal Trumpeter, .
Cadet Sergeant and Drum Major, .
company If V
Cadet Captain, . L. L. TEN BROECR Cadet 1st Sergt., .
Cadet lst Lieut., . F. W. MCKELY.Il' Cadet Sergeant, ,
Cadet 2d Lieut., . . J. B. IRWIN
Cadet Captain, . F. M. WARREN Cadet Sergeant,
Cadet lst Lieut., . . F. U. DAVIS Cadet Sergeant,
Cadet lst Sergeant, W. B. FOLWELL Cadet Sergeant
Cadet Sergeant, . . C. S. OLDS
Cadet Captain, . A. J. DICKINSON Cadet Sergeant,
Cadet lst Lieut., . W. M. BILLING Cadet Sergeant,
Cadet 2d Lieut., . A. E. CLARK, JR. Cadet Sergeant,
Cadet lst Sergt., . A. B.'Wl11'PNEY
Cadet Captain, . E. M. FREEMAN Cadet lst Sergt., .
Cadet lst Lieut., . H. J. PFEIFFER ' Cadet Sergeant, .
Cadet 2d Lieut., . R. B. STEPHENS
Cadet Captain, . -H. M. STANFORD
Cadet 1st Lieutenant, . A. A. ADAMS
Cadet lst Sereant, H. C. BAYLESS
Cadet Signal Sergt., F. L. HOFFMAN
Cadet Sergeant, . . A. C. PRATT
i H. A. HILDEBRAND
. E. S. GEIST
. R. A. LEE
. F. G. TRACY
. C. G. COTTON
E. M. MCKUSICR
. S. G. PHELPS
J. D. LATHROP
J. K. WATERMAN
. C. F. BovcE
. A.J. FRI-:NCI-1
. M. G. WYER
. C. C. HIGGINS
J. V. MQADAM
. E. WILTGEN
. M. J. BROWN
. S. PICKARD
W. H. WRIGHT
LiEUTENAN'rJoHN A. LUNDEEN was appointed to the U. S. Military Academy,
West Point, New York, from the 2nd congressional district, fSt. Peterj Minne-
sota, and was there as cadet from july 1st, 1869, to june 13th, 1873, when he
graduated fifth in a class of forty-one members, and was promoted in the army
taught mathematics, astronomy and Swedish.
to 2nd Lieutenant of 4th Artil-
lery. After graduating he
served for a month at his Alma
Mater as instructor of military
engineering, and then, after the
customary graduating leave,
reported for duty with Light
Battery "B," 4-th Artillery, at
Presidio, San Francisco, Cal.,
Nov. 29th, 1873. He was pro-
moted to 1st lieutenant 4-th Ar-
tillery in December of the same
year and was sent to Alaska in
command of a small detach-
ment of men. He remained in
Alaska until Aug. 26, 1876,
when he was ordered to the
University of Minnesota, where
he served as professor of mili-
tary science and tactics until
june 5th, 1 879. He also
Upon leaving the University he
was ordered to Fort Stevens, Oregon, and in 1880 he proceeded to Fort Monroe,
Va., where he attended the artillery school, graduating in 1882.
Since graduating from this school he has served successively at Fort Trumball,
Conn., Fort Adams, R. I., Fort Snelling, Minn., and Fort Warren, Mass. From
1887-1892 he served as assistant professor of mathematics at West Point. He
then was ordered to Fort McPherson,Atlanta, Ga., and at present is serving with
his battery at Fort McHenry, Baltimore, Md.
GEORGE H. MORGAN obtained his appointment
to West Point Military Academy by competi-
tive examination in 1875 and reported in April,
1876, the "Centennial year." He graduated
four years later, in 1880, and was appointed
2nd lieutenant 3d U. S. Cavalry. He joined
his troops at Fort Warhakei, Wyo., that fall
and has since served in Arizona, Texas, and in
In 1891 he reported for duty at the Univer-
sity of Minnesota and remained there four
years. At the end of that period, in 1895, he
returned to his regiment at jefferson Bks., Mo.,
where he has since remained. He was pro-
moted to lst lieutenant in November, 1884-,
and captain in Marcl1, 1896.
MAJOR E. L. HIGGINS was born in Illinois in 184-2, but his parents removed to
Nicollet county, Minnesota, in that year, so Major Higgins can really claim
Minnesota as his native state. He was a student at Hamline University, and
afterward located at Red Wing, where he lived when the first call for troops was
made by President Lincoln in
the spring of 1861. Heenlisted
at once and went South in the
2d Minnesota Infantry, partici-
pating in the battles and cam-
paigns of the Army of the
Cumberland until the battle of
Chickamauga, in September,
1863. In this battle he was
wounded and made a prisoner,
but was exchanged the follow-
,, ing year. Again he enlisted
' and served until the close ofthe
war as a First Lieutenant in
the lst Minnesota Heavy Ar-
tillery. In February, 1866,
Major Higgins was appointed
as Second Lieutenant in the
regular army, and was assigned
to the 2d Artillery stationed on
at various posts until 1871.
He was then ordered to the Ar-
tillery school at Fortress Mon-
roe, where hegraduated the tbl-
lowing year, and in 1872 was detailed for duty at the University of Minnesota,
where he remained until 1875, when he was ordered back to his regiment. In
1879 he was transferred to the 2d Cavalry, then serving in Montana, since then
he has served continuously
with his regiment, with the
exception of five years,
during which time he per-
formed the duty of Aide
-de-Camp to Major General
Miles. On january 13,
1897, he was promoted
to the rank of Major and
assigned to the 6th Regi-
ment of Cavalry. Major
Higgins has been awarded
what is known as the
" Medal of I-Ionor"'for most
distinguished gallantry in
action against Ogallala
Sioux near O'Fal1ow Creek,
Montana, April 1, 1880.
O. I. BREDA, Professor of
received his military educa-
tion in the schools of Nor-
wayg later in the University
of Norway he had several
terms of fencing and broad-
sword exercise. and then
attended aspecial course for
instructors in gymnastics.
In 1872 he applied for ad-
mission to the training
school for reserve oiiicers for
Commun dan is
the army,but on account of poor eye-sight failed to pass the physical examination.
In 1879-82 Prof. Breda taught Languages in Luther College, Decorah,Iowa, and
there organized and commanded the College Cadets, while in 1882 he was in
camp at Waterloo, Iowa, with the Iowa National Guard. Prof' Breda was
called to the University of Minnesota in 1884-, and at that time was invited by
President Northrop to organize a military battalion among the students.
This department of Military Instruction had, by the govermnent, been neg-
lected for several years, and so the efforts of Prof. Breda were very much appre-
ciated by the University. At this time about eighty men volunteered, and thus
the "Military Company of the University of Minnesota " was organized.
.Furry .Pf .feonlzausezy .fieuianani W. J. if
Professor of Militailx' Science and Tactics.
Harry A. Leonhauser was born in Allegheny, Pa., january, 1860. He attended
tl1e public and high schools of his state until he received the appointment to the
United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. While at the academy
he stood well in his class and was one of its most popular young men. He grad-
uated in 1881 and was commissioned Second Lieutenant oflnfantry. He joined
the 25th United States Infantry. stationed at Ft. Meade, South Dakota, October
1, 1881. By his eminent ability and attention to the duties of military life, he
won the esteem of his subordinates and the conndence of the Department of War.
He was promoted to Hirst Lieutenant, January 31, 1889, and was appointed
Adjutant of the regiment in October, 1892. October 1, 1895, he was assigned to
duty at the University of Minnesota, where he succeeded Lieutenant lnow Cap-
tainj George H. Morgan as Professor of Military Science and Tactics.
K' 'li 'H' n
Edwin F. Glenn was born in North Carolina in 1857, in Guildford county,and
received, during his earlier years, an education in private institutions, so that he
was enabled to enter the Sophomore year at college. There were no public
schools in the South during that period, and in fact not until after the war. In
1873 he was admitted to the West Point Military Academy, from which institu-
tion he graduated in 1877. He was duly assigned to the Infantry of the United
States Army, and from that time until 1882 LDecemberj he served continuously
on the frontier in Texas and Dakota. He was then stationed at Fort Snelling lbr
five years, after which he was sent to Montana. In 1888 he was detailed for duty
at the University of Minnesota as Prolessor of Military Science and Tactics and
remained there for three years. In the year 1891 he graduated from the Depart-
ment of Law of the University. For some time after graduation he was in the
law firm of Flandrau, Squires SL Cutcheon, of St. Paul, in the capacity of a law
clerk, which position was taken in order to become familiar with the forms inci-
dent to actual practice. He then entered and lor two years was a member of thelaw
firm of Stevens, O'Brien 8z Glenn,now under the firm style of Stevens, O'Brien, Cole
8LAlbrecht. In the early part of 1894- he was appointed .to the position ofCaptain
and Acting judge Advocate United States Army, which position he now holds.
He was assigned to duty at the Headquarters of the Department of Dakota, but
was translerred to the Headquarters ofthe Department of the Columbia, August,
lCaptain Glenn was the gentleman who presented the Glenn Medal to the University
Fha :fiery of a Jpread.
Something was in the air. Perhaps everybody at the " U " did not know it,
but as the students came from Chapel and filed out of the Library building and
down the steps, many of those nearest knew that the Delta Phis had something
on hand as usual, for traces of excitement were easily visible in their laces and
actions, as they slowly sauntered over towards the old main building. There
were fourteen of them altogether as they walked along, fine manly fellows whom
everybody liked. As they walked they bestowed bright nods and saucy words
about wicked people not going to church, to their friends whom they met on their
way to third-hour classes.
" Did you say he went down town,or what did you say, Archie? You fellows
talk so much, I can't make head or tail out of a word," said Tom Rosand in a
voice grufffrom excitement rather than ill humor.
"Well, don't talk so loud or someone will hear and our goose will be cooked
in more senses than one. Jack said he would cut first hour as he had had only
two skips this term, and so he went down town like the dear little boy that he is,
and as luck would have it, by running from half way down the campus, he man-
aged to catch the same car that Little and Roland took, and so, ofcourse, he had
a grand chance to use his eagle eye and find out their little secrets. He is to let
us know by a note which is probably lying in my post-office box now."
"You don't mean it! What's your number? " said Tom, as they stepped into
the dark hall, lined on both sides with lockers.
"No. 333," answered Archie. "You go and get it and bring it over to the
Ariel ofiice, and we can read it there in peace."
So Tom left l1is friends and walked leisurely into the book-store, stopped to
talk to a girl or two and then began to look for No. 333. He soon found it be-
hind the door and lost some of his deliberation as he put his hand in and pulled
out a note. He unfolded it and read as he crossed the l1all:
It's all right. Tonight's the nightg got a good scheme, come over this after-
noon before the game. Yours, as ever,
" Here it is, take it," called out Tom as he opened the door. "I have got to
trot or I'll be late, and monsieur is not one of the kind that loves to have new
faces appearing at all times during the hour," added Tom to himself, as he flew
around the corner and up the stairs three steps at a time.
I Q If if
Well, what have you got to say for yourself? " said Archie that afternoon,
as he shook the snow from his overcoat and stepped into the pleasant sitting-
room at the frat. house, to complete the circle around the great blazing fire.
"Sit down and make yourself comfortable, my lad, and I will tell thee all,"
answered the man addressed,'Iack by name, a big, strong fellow with a merry,
"Well, it was this way: I followed the fellows down town, they got ol? at
Sixth street and went into a livery stable on Nicollet, while I walked on until I
thought they had left, and then came back and asked the man if I could rcnt his
Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Avenue, the Leading Tailors
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J. D. Hinshaw, '87, the HU" Tailor, Boston Block
huckboard for this afternoon. Whereupon he said he had just rented it to some
fellows for this afternoon, and it wouldn't be back until eight o'clock. I then ex-
plained how sorry I was, and went on my way rejoicing, having learned all that
I wanted from that quarter. It is certain that they are going out to get it this
afternoon, and if we keep our wits about us-the turkey is ours. Oh, don't it
make you fellows hungry to think about it ? "
U Yes, but what's your plan ? " asked one of the number. " I may be a little
dense, but I don't tumble."
" Well, it's this way. They steal the turkey, bring it to town, take it to a
restaurant, order a spread and go off. Now this is my little plan: While they
are gone we step to a telephone, tell the restaurant man we have changed our
minds and want the turkey sent up to the frat. house instead. They will send it
up, we'll be there to receive tl1e bird-trot off with it and l1ave our little time.
See ? "
"No, I don't see," said Tom. "How on earth are you going to know to
what restaurant they will take the 'critter' ? "
" That's true," admitted Jack, and his face fell as this damper was thrown on
his scheme. " That kills the whole thing."
"No. it don't, no, it don't! " cried little ,Iohnnie Burnside, jumping around
in a regular Indian war dance.
" What do you know about it, Freshman?" demanded Jack, his face a curious
mixture of amusement and excitement.
" Why, the Gamma Shis always go to Dorsett's to get their things because
the father of one of the fellows has an interest in it and they get a perfect snap
there," returned the excited freshman,enjoying his momentary importance to the
" Well, that looks like we could risk Dorsett's, doesn't it, fellows ? " said jack,
his face resuming its fbrmer happy expression.
So they talked and planned until the clock, striking the hour, warned them of
" If we are going to the game we had better depart," said one.
" Ofeourse we are going," said Archie. " There is no telling what will happen
to us tonight, my child," he added, giving a fatherly pat to joln1nie's curly locks.
" We may not live to have another chance."
"Oh, that makes it all the more exciting," Johnnie said, then he added in a
confidential tone to a brother freshman, " IJon't you think it's great to be a col-
lege man ?"
So they slowly filed out, with a last, loving glance and thought toward the
bright room as they went over to yell for the Maroon and Gold.
It was a bright winter's night, one of those glorious ones in Minnesota, and
the bigfull moon stood high in the heavens,and, as its beams fell upon the armory
tower and brought out the deep shadows in the corners, the whole effect of dark
and light made it look wonderfully like a fort of olden time. Then the moon
peepecl through the rugged old oaks and east strange shadows on the white
snow. lts friendly rays lighted up the buildings here and there as they stood so
silent and dark, as though resting from the ceaseless noises of the day. But most
beautiful of all was the library building, as it stood white in the moonlight
with its straight lines clear cut against the sky. ,
It would not take much to imagine one's self back in Athens gazing at the
S N h I B f y F Dress Suits, 709 Nic ll tA
Parthenon. So thought the Delta Phis, as they stopped a moment to gaze at the
strange beauty. But boys' minds do not dwell long in the beautiful, especially
when great events are forthcoming, and excitement fills the air on this occasion.
" Why don't the Gamma Shis have their room 'way off the earth ? " said Jack,
"It's a mighty pretty house, anyway," answered one of his companions, as
the boys made their way across the campus on their naughty errand.
"Sure, there isn't anybody around who will spoil our little pastime," asked
Tom anxiously, as one silent group came up to another which was sitting on the
stone steps in front of a nice comfortable looking house with Gamma Shi's letters
" No, there isn't a soul," declared one of the addressed. " They have all gone
off, I made sure of that before we became too numerous around here."
" Don't you think it is about time to telephone ? " said Archie, taking out his
watch. "lt is nearly nine and those fellows will be back at the restaurant by
ten, and we want to be well out of the way by that time."
"You are right," said jack. " Who will be the one to do it? lt's got to be
done right or it wont work,"he added as he looked around at the faces abouthim.
" Send Jim," said several at once, " he is as smooth as a French plate glass
and can do it if anyone can." At this peeular declaration jim got up and bowed
low as if acknowledging a compliment.
" Yes, jim," said jack, "you ought to go willingly after all that."
"I'll go," said jim, and off he started. In a short time he was back and was
eagerly asked on all sides what he had said. "They asked if it was the turkey
sent in an hour ago and I said yes, and told them to send it up to the Gamma Shi
Frat houseg that we had changed our minds and would have the spread up there
instead of down to the restaurant. They said, 'all right,' and I rang off. Very
simple, wasn't it ? " 1
"Yes," agreed Johnnie. "If the rest comes as easily as that it will be all
right, wont it ?" And the fellows thought it would.
Waiting in the cold isn't much fun, especially if one is impatient, and so the
boys found that the half hour dragged very slowly until they saw a figure get off
the car and walk in their direction as though carrying a heavy burden.
"You fellows get out of sight. It wont do for him to sec you, and I'll take
the basket. Hope to goodness he doesn't notice that the house is dark," said
Jack anxiously as he stepped into a shadow, while the others disappeared quickly
around the house.
"Hello, that's pretty heavy, isn't it?" called out jack as an old darkey came
up with a heavy basket.
"Yes, sa-h. Am dis de place where de gemmen lib, sah ?"
" Yes," said jack truthfiilly, "this is where they live, and here is the turkey,
isn't it?" taking the basket from the man. "Pretty good of you to come way
over here on such a night. Better take this and get your pipe filled up," added
jack, putting his hand in his pocket and handing the old man a dollar.
"Thankee, sah, thankee," gratefully muttered the old darkey as he walked
off. Now if the old man had been bright he would have looked back and he
would have seen a crowd of fellows making a rapid way toward the west of
town. But the old darkey was not bright, and so walked straight on, anxious
to get home and rest his weary bones.
'W if N' M'
" How's the turkey! all served up and ready? " asked Little as he led a crowd
of iellows with eager appetites into the brilliantly lighted restaurant.
All stylish suits come from Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave.
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608 Nicollet Avenue Languages
U, of M. Music Electives can be taken only at the Conscrvzltory.
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Catalogue free Clarance A. Marshall,
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Do you wear Tailor-Made Clothing? See J, D. Hinshaw, Boston Block
Largest stock of goods in the city at Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Ave
o o o o c va c o u o u o rx O
o n o o c o Q n n a is Q Q o
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For Fashionable Goods see Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave
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" What turkey ? " asked the waiter gazing stupidly at him.
" Why, the turkey I brought in this morning, of course," Little impatiently
answered. " Come on, fellows--make yourselves at home and it will be ready in
just then the waiter returned with a frightened look on his face. " The only
turkey that was sent in tonight was sent up to your house about an hour ago."
"Sent up to the house an hour ago! " cried Little angrily, "What do you
mean ?" '
" I mean just what I sayflrepeated the waiter, becoming calm as Little grew
excited, "that the turkey was sent up to your house according to orders an hour
ago. Some one of you telephoned down that you had changed your minds and
wanted the turkey sent up there."
" It is some ghastly joke," said Roland, coming' forward, " but I fail to see the
tim in it. I'll tell you fellows, it's the Delta Phisg they are always 'in things like
this, but they will havea lesson tonight or I'll know the reason why. Come on
tellows," he said, as they Bled out, " we'll take the Oak street car and get there as
quickly as we can, and if I don't get that turkey or the fellows that ate it or
something -" ,
"Mostly something, I think," said Little, "for they have an hour's start or
" Well, we'll hunt," said Roland, and hunt they did. They went to the Delta
Phi Frat house, but all was dark, nor could they seem to waken any one. They
went to all the fellows'rooms and all around,everywhere they could think of, but
no trace of spread or festival could they find. So at last they gave up and retired
tbr the night, disgusted with themselves, life in general and turkeys in particular.
And perhaps that is the reason why the Gamma Shis blush when turkeys a1'e
mentioned and dislike the sight of them even when served up in the best style
at Thanksgiving dinners.
A ' "'
Send your friends to Nicholson Bros., Fine Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave.
Cut l0Wers. .. Commencement
Plants and Seeds Wefidnlg
"" 'lghe Fgm'ist0l'itl1e
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Send for catalogue.
Telegraph orders promptly uttcntlcxl to.
I U 0 D
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619 Nicollet Avenue
Greenhouses W Neilrs Express
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Special uttcntic:1nRgiven to Upholstering
'f-I 4' un epairing.
- Goods sold on Partial Pnynients.
,dh Q University trade carefully supplied.
.Jer 1 Undertakers
, f V L rr' ,
II. 3:10 P. M.-Five yard gain through NVis-
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Deere Bicycles are All Right
Ten per cent. discount to all students at Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet
GUULD 8: EBERHAHDT,
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J. D. Hinshaw, '87, the HU" Tailor, Boston Block.
Ylffien Me tgoplzers fad 57101, .yaiciures Hasook. "
One by one they had drifted into the photograph gallery and with scared,
woe-bcgone faces were standing deiectedly about the room. The minutes passed
slowly and nothing extraordinary developed. It would have been best not to
have put off the evil hour but to have posed, splintered the camera, and gone, yet
still they waited and waited. They had to wait, for three ofthe unfortunates had
not yet appeared.
"You needn't count on Waterman's appearance until the last n1inute,"
growled Mr. Nickerson. " He's never on time." l
The medical member, Mr. Ramsted, ,glared around as if l1e would like to dis-
sect someone or anyone.
Mr. Oldsitried to catch a reflection of his new tie in the glass over a picture
on the wall. Everyone thought he was interested in art and kindly did not
" catch on."
Mr. Benedict hunted up all the group pictures he could find and secretly
planned effective ways of "draping" himself when the auspicious moment
"O, there goes Prof. Burton and his wife," cried Gertrude Funk, rushing ex-
citedly to the window.
" How do you know it is his wife?" asked Mr. Whitman.
" O, I'm sure it is," she answered with convincing logic, "for she's little and
just his height."
Another slight diversion was created by the appearance of Miss Chadwick,
one ot' the three missing links. Mr. Dinhart and Mr. Waterman had not yet ap-
peared, so Miss Craig posed for a picture "all by herself," and the others won-
dered at her grit and coolness.
The door opened and Mr. Dinhart's smiling face appeared. His smile had a
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strained, guilty look, which grew more conspicuous as a chorus of " Oh's" and
" Ah's?" greeted his arrival.
The time for appointment had passed an hour ago, and yet Mr. Waterman
had not come.
" He must think we have time to burn," said Mr. Baxter, carefully smoothing
down a yellow curl that insisted on standing straight up at the back of his head.
He was so afraid folks might think he was " scared." Mr. Carlyle suggested that
he pin it down.
"I'll telelephone over for him," said Mr. Lee, seizing his hat. " All right,"
said Mr. Benedict, preparing to accompany him.
"Now, don't all go," said Miss Funk, "or we'll never get together again."
Messrs. Lee and Benedict smiled their thanks for being called the " whole plank,"
and took a hurried exit. In a short time they were back again, and finally Mr.
Waterman appeared calm, cool and collected.
" Well, I came pretty near forgetting this meeting," he announced, gazing
cheerfully around. Feelings were too deep for utterance, so nothing was said,
but the air was heavy with suppressed remarks.
" All ready," said Mr. Stafford, and they solemnly filed into the next room.
Then a siege of sorting, arranging and posing was begun. Finally they were ar-
ranged, and Mr. Stafford drew off to look at the effect.
In the center sat Mr. Swenson, Miss Comstock and Mr. Lee on a sofa that
was positively crowded when two sat on it, but when three-well! Next to Mr,
Swenson sat Mr. Dynhart, on a cracker box, and Mr. Waterman on the other side
of Mr. Lee was struggling frantically to keep his poise on a rickety piano stool.
Messrs. Nickerson. Wl1itman, Ramsted, Baxter and Olds stood behind as a sort
of body guard and head-rest combined. The others were gracefully posed in
front, on soap boxes or any other articles of sufficient hardness.
" Here," said Mr. Stafford, handing Miss Comstock a cushion.
" Why, what shall I do with it P " she asked, holding it helplessly.
"Set on it," was the answer. "Set close together," came the next order.
" Miss Hallock, there are plenty of knees behind you to lean upon. Put your arm
back. No, Mr. Swenson, it is not necessary to hold her hand."
Sing for us, Dynhart, to cheer us up," said Mr. Nickerson. But Mr. D. de-
clined, as it was a picture of the Gopher Board, not his mouth, that was
Miss Comstock caught a glimpse of Miss Funk. " Gertrude always manages
to look so sweet," she said enviously.
"All ready now," came the order, " l'll count twenty. Don't move, but you
can wink if you use both eyes. One. two, three," etc. "There you can rest for a
moment before I take another sitting."
A sigh of profound relief went up. "I stood it until he counted to ten, and
then I nearly went wild," groaned Miss Chadwick. '
"It was just frightful," said Miss Craig. "I couldn't think of a thing to
"All ready again," said Mr. Stafford. "That young man on the right, please
raise your head a little." IAII the young men raise their heads, those at the left
as well as in the center.J " No,just you," he snapped out pointing to Mr. Bene-
dict. "There, that will do,-all ready, now-one, two, three, etc." "There! "
And the Gophers had really had their pictures "took,"and the world had not
stopped moving neither.
Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Avenue, Are the Leading Tailors.
mmfwf Photographs ! !
'W iw M l l A liberal
fg .... LLL n M Hf Ll I e .
' fo Milli., ffl' el. Cash D'SC0""f on
' 'fl' ,M J .g3,"3f Berlin Cabinets,
l M?" mf i' M Mlm To University Students only.
. 1 r-I Il HJ I L Special rates on large groupings.
C. . lllllw- S Y4f nf
N.. K A .3 .1 I S .
1. A . e weet Studios,
0 iw lj -- - gl Syndicate Arcade.
O 'I 1,2-i".,
X L11 0
W Fzf-lx C. W. Flenellley,
X 5 4.. we 403 and 405 Th U ' 't
, We l4th Ave. 5. E. GrSge:5:xfr?l y
447- 7 ' l ,H Is the place for Best Goods,
IV. the Largest Stock, :md
"Still later." leads in
Rgflned people of good taste Select Monarch
Bicycles and are pleased.
Phone '4'3'J- Wholesale Prices.
icycle Repairing . . .
All Work Guaranteed.
The largest and best equipped shop west of Chicago.
None but experts employed.
loz Hennepin Avenue., fBridge Square.j
Tel. No. 1430.
Makers of. . . .
"Heath" Bicycle Pumps, and
6LDiamond,, Cycle Stands Manufacturers
Brass and Metal Goods.
Deere Bicycles are all right.
494414,-3,?,v 3244.15 nf
1 ,'n41,,04uV Mx!Dm1w 44-1398: ,
- M ,
iff 1' 5
6 x of
1040 'ww 'I
X IV- S. lvl l H-1
"4 CHAPIM 4 " I .
' - 'Su
For Fashionable Goods see Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave.
Richmond Straight Cut No. l Cigarettes
CIGARETTESMOKHRS, who are willingtopay
alittle more than the price charged for the
ordinary trade Cigarettes, will find THIS
BRAND superior to all others. These Cigar-
erettes are made from the brightest, most
delicately flavored and highest cost Gold Leaf
grown in Virginia. This is thc0ldand Original
Brand of Straight Cut Cigarettes. and was
brought out by ns in the year 1 875. Beware
of lmltatluns. and observe that the firm name
as below is on every package.
Allen 6: Ginter,
The American Tobacco Company,
' , Are
t A i 1: the
r 1- 3 Best
fa in . a. , A , , P WAN
9 ff Q j A f Gallery
' V I i A , 'ii in
ii i 1 Connection
I. E. Burt Co.'s Art Store,
' 6241 Nicollet Avenue
High or-uae Portraits....
in Oil, Pastel, Water Colors, Crayons
' rt specialty
Picture Framing. latest fads in Monldings
Statuary and casts an exquisite line
Special Prices to Students ofthe U.
Take your laundry work to Gllmore's Drug Store Shirts 'Qc
Agency for ......
Hennepin Steam Laundry Co.
Prices Cheaper, Work Better. 0
Athletic and Sporting Goods Cycle Exchaiigem
0 0 0 Kodaksg J. E. Knowlton, Manager.
U Fishin Tackle . , ,
g "-Bicycle Repairing
Spaldings Base Ball Supplies and Sundries
i Agents for ......
Columbia and Hartford Bicycles
Electrical Work Locksmlthing
Ken nedy Bros. iiiiii Fiiiiiiiiiig
322 and 324 NiC0ll6t Ave., 1308 Foul-rn su-ect south-East,
Mhmeapousv Minn- Minneapolis, Minn.
J. D. Hinshaw, '87, Merchant Tailor, 627 Boston Block.
Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Avenue, Have no competitors
All roads are alike to a Monarch.
University of minnesota .EX DLAL F F, , .7
Department of Medicine.
College of Vledicine
S+? 1, J ,
V 111 1
September zlst, 1898. 1 'f , , M , 1 2
L'l1gth0f , ' ' 73
scesnsion, 1 1111 X 1 Q1 E
eight and '1 11"1- ' 1 1 -. 11111
one-half ,1 '14
months. - i If ' ' I
Course of Study: Four Years. g 1. 1 , L N'
iwieflignl '1 H .1 Tx
mi f ings 41' '1
situated Q ll-.31
upon the x11'g1"l 1
Campus. 1,1 -11,11 Tee" 8
' Clinical Opportunities 1 .1 '? EXP'
ofthe , 11' : F
Twin "+R '1
Cities. -1 ,
Address: 1 Q 1 N,
Parks Ritchie, ri. D., Dean, 11 1 University of 9
Minnesota, ' I- , ,
mi I. Latest Wm' News--200 people dying in
nneavv 'S' Cuba daily.
1--.--.-. f' A-favs..-.A--A.-14. 'Q-:-.1 fi,
. 1 1
W. G. Stafford, 1 0 11 1 11
1 I 1 1 1 1
. . . ,1 V OF Tnb 111, 1 1
tl I7 'X11 '11 1
pw- 111111 1 QUESTION. 1,3 , 1
h A W" h - '1 li:1sy:1vopIn- l:nm1' 1ln- time W 1311 1
'i 4 bl ' 4" sa vu-I rv il auf- 1
0 er? :I 11 1 1 foixntznixirliuxi? ' 1 , L1
1 1 Geo. S. Parker 1 1 11 ,1
u u I ,Q 1 Fountain Pens 1 '11 ,
p111'i111 11 nrt- mmlv lfurflnlsy pil-iiplvg nl- 1 wx W 1!
,.1 1 x' s 1'-:nn I' ur Marc ', 4-.'- 1 1 ,
2062 central Avenue. 4' 11 'W li t'i'tl!xivl51fllnlrlv.nli:-zulliitf-va-ny 'W 1
-' 1 11. 1131 , 1 lmlnt. lt1'lIll!IIIllt'l' tlu-sv 'Mui 1lll1 1
1 1 ' 1" 1 11 l'ulN'l'r1,v-tlw "l.lu'l:y Curve"
1 , I 1 1111 ii' is zu lvlgi l1lt,lt elrulns tlu- ink , 1,
l l l 1 QI frmn tu- fm-mlul' wln-n nutln 1 1 '1 I 1
1 1: 1 , 11 " use, :wuldlnu sollm-ul lllll-!1'l'N. ' " ', , 1
-:1 1 l!"1iw 1'5' 1:1'.1.':':1:' rea'1.11"111a".1':.:"'.'1::1 1 1
1 ,'1, 111' ' : 1"1'1 1' fs, C ' 2 1 1
First class 1 'I 1 ' 11 V cup :llu!uys ilt. ,-xslt x'1:lll'llhlllt'l' 1 1 '11
work at I1 j, 11' ' fnl'Pa.rker Fountain Penn. Utln-rs ,J '1'11 1 11
,111 11' 1' lll'0 us 1-ln-np, but ilu-rv :lm 111',,1 1 1
reasonable 1 Folic' like 11111 pm.1qn?i- S1-ntl 1 1111 11 11
,I 116 Ol' lllll' 1'il ll 4lLflll'- ll'!l illy 1' j'11f' ,?g' V
p 11 " 1 'Q 1' 1' Standard Parker, 52, and uuwards. 1 1 ,NNI
,111 '1 '11 Special, 31.50. Sllver DoIlar,S1. 121 1, I,
' I I Q ,1 1, 11 5' me mnxnn PEN co., 11111 111'
L' -1 -1 90 Mill Street, Janesville, Wls. .111 1 11
Y lv Horns 6: Wilson, Agents W ll
Minneapolis, - Vlinn.
' Deere Bicycles are all right.
WE MAKE A SPECIALTY OF FINE HALF-TONE
WE Asx NO BETTER PROOF OF THE QUALITY OF
OUR WORK THAN WILL. BE FOUND IN THE MGOPHERH
ANNUALS FOR FIVE YEARS ..........
. . . . . . . , WE SOLILIIT A TRIA1. ORDER.
CoMPAR1soNs ARE NOT omous TO us. . . .
See Nicholson Bros. for your Fine Dress Suits, 709 Nicollet Ave.
Refined people of good taste select If'
l'lonarchBicycles and are pleased. 8
05-xc ooxgg Y 0 u beet
Q 1 'A 6 Want 'hvsfc
id., X A Mandolin,
Q Q ,I 3 Guitar or Banjo
j 1 ...Get me...
wa .Q Stetson
NN Q The Best on Earth
Metropolitan Music Co.
J' WW r
1 l Q- B Successor to
W. J. Dyer 6: Bro.
I a L
"""'- 509-srl , ,
ll Wm' news turns out to bc a patent Nlcilnet Ave- Mlnneapollsv Minn'
Students. Attention ! Get your Laundry Work
Done by the
Minneapolis Steam Laundry
Tclcplmonc your calls Prompt Deliveries
S. H. Towler, Proprietor l23 Nicollet Avenue
niversity Press of Vlinnesota
T. H. Colwell
qw--Printer of ...... The Ariel
Engineers' Year Book
Book and Job Work , U n
Text Books Located m basement of S. C. A Building. '-
J. D. Hinshaw '87, the HU" Tailor, Boston Block
Nicholson Bros., Largest Tailoring Establishment West of Chicago
When you set out to buy a Selfuoiling Crank
wheel, remember Hanger Bearings-
l""""""' Internal Handle Bar
' and Seat-Post Fast-
enings - Any Size
I I I Sprockets-Full
- Flushjoints-A Wide
Range of Options-
. l ' Every Wheel Built
5 C V to Order.
Specials ffor Road or Trackb, - - - - 575.00
Racer, ---- - .... 75.00
Models " E" and "'F " fBest for the Moneyj, - - 5o.oo
Tandems, ------ - - - - loo.oo
Chainless, -------- - - , - 125.00
Enameled in the popular "Yellow-Fellow" color or in Black.
fBlack rims if desired.J
Borden 8: Selleck Co., Agents.
Western Managers Howe Scale Co.
208 Nicollet and 209 Hennepin Aves.,
o , - . ,Q f, '
- ,E-sb - f 'fQfi?f 57E'D1vQgfSN5'::fQ,. ,,
, ' Mgwj, ' aamgg lg',55g'.q:,1g71z,f:iq,-mv I
C. 5 'f " .I ' - ' 4-"Do 0L"ifi5:fLf WG5iZ2Sfisa...w
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Ly 2'11f.'13f1. ,. - ' -SPQM 764- :iw wh .JW '
2' " H-.X1 T-945.6 D1 7' 'ff Gigi 2121+ - ua-i'ef, Q3 N
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ap Em SfGU"cHLU2YQ,CE? swwmaseg ggirjjggfyb
W Hm1ncsiLDnczBnOw3'as5,. ' 14,
M Andi iigllvrrnrsllllascrilc' UDMQGDHQHHMQ WHQMSE-,r1 f' fy
3, VWUZPGUKH1 ffELLuHDn,aHlbJUnn1JaH , 551.25 Ag
Q5 Womb Unuunvllnumrs Tmwcdff
vb SUMDU, 1fafu,U.,mHsDmgITl?,s Ihvcmlxxwcnuas J Q
N '79 0 3 yi - " My
,gijjf ,Q,. , n mam mums? '1
55, glgfIg:UargDaaGFhRiiEh Uffoiwaufgzuawwmwm can 25
W mdmmcilsfwiamwg 35352266
5? Mazudm mas R'ocmngjf?u0anuaQaIL dice fda mcdlcrsar, gg
BM unmmY grip naman, Q22
womb aeuwaiasbmmj Q23
aaa Klnaflvldl mbcfhygwmuawws slnnxanfnlhl
ann S me wa waucnce,
N . cm MM mmwcdfmmas Wg?
swgmawfwm muMDIL.Zme IT-Wvelg
0 W-2 'O D
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' 4 9 K ' of all : " ' - 9
v ' 3 1
ff ,gn 5 5953? ,-
All stylish suits come from Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave
Fills and Extracts Teeth Without Pain and Flakes a Specialty of
Gold Crown and Bridge Work
or Teeth Without Plates
ff ld X, P71141 Xl tat rselfrli ' '74 '
,N Maflll' 1 WA . 'f-x,
W1 DP film- f ' Q ' A a
' LIT" ,, wi "yup I' ' ' 34 'f 1 '
1 i,,. IW " it -,V T , A wiv' 4
Bridge Ready for inserting. fl i Q .3 Q
Cr vn XX ork.
Representing Mouth Ready for Bridge. After Inserting.
By the Above Flethod no Plate is Used
Solid Roots can be Crowned, thus Avoiding Extraction
Parlors are located on ......
Corner Nicollet Avenue and Fifth Street
Over Yerxa's Grocery Store
Tribune Bicycles, H Best on Earth"
Largest stock of goods in the city at Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Ave.
nzberszy of Wzhnesofa.
ENROLLMENT 1897-98, 2,825 STUDENTS.
I. College of' Science, Literature and Arts, including classical, scientific, literary
and civic courses, leading to the degrees respectively of'B. A., B. S., B. L., and Ph. B.,
a teacher's certificate course of two years, and a school of chemistry leading to
B. S. degree.
II. College of Engineering and Mechanic Arts. Courses in mechanical, civil
and electrical engineering, leading to the corresponding engineering degrees.
III. School of Mines, comprising courses in mining and metallurgy.
IV. Department of'Agriculture, including the college and school ofagriculture.
V. Department of Law, a three-year undergraduate course, with graduate
courses of one and two years.
VI. Department of Medicine, including:
College of Medicine and Surgery.
College of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery.
College of Dentistry.
College of Pharmacy. p
Graduate lines of work leading to Master's and Doctor's degree' are offered in all
departments except Medicine.
Moderate incidental fees in the academic and engineering departments. Low
tuition fees in the professional schools. See bulletins for particulars.
KCJ FURTI-mn INFORMATION.
A bulletin has been published relating to each of the colleges, and giving full
information. It may be had free on application. In writing please state particular
department in which you desire information.
Address: CYRUS NORTHROP, PRESIDENT,
I University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
J. D. Hinshaw, '87, the HU" Tailor, Boston Block.
Nicholson Bros. have no Competitors, 709 Nicollet Avenue
619 Nicollet Avenue, Minneapolis, will
give 'special rates to all readers of this
"Gopher." Bookkeeping, Shorthand,
Telegraphy, etc., taught.
Thos. J. Caton,
Most conveniently located
in the city
First-class in all its
Rooms Reserved for Transients
Special rates given to all " U "
517 Fourteenth Ave. South-East
Solicits University Patronagc
A Full Line of Drugs
Also agency for thc
which gives complete satisfaction.
Special Rates to Students.
Collars and Cnlis lc each, Underwear Ge.
Take your Laundry to "Livingston's" 517
A- Lv Hazel? nallilgel' Fourteenth Avenue South-East.
Do you wear Tailor-made Clothing? See J. D. Hinshaw, Boston Block
Send your friends to Nicholson Bros., Fine Tailors, 7o9 Nicollet Ave.
Wright, Ka Co ,.:.,
Send for Catalogue
O O O
lXIanuiZ1ct 111' ers Of' lligh Grade
Fraternity Emblems, Fraternity Jewelry,
and Price List l4o-142 Woodward Ave., Detroit, Mich.
25:-253 Cedar Avenue
Only one block from
the lnterurhan X
Special Attention given to Amateurs
Ben S. Benton,
Special Rates on fi Q
Cabinets for f f W ' h h 0
Classes W A ,, 0 9 0 0 0 ra lc
an 5 , Q, t g. P
Grouping a ,fl Q If Prices that
Specialty Q w can't be beat is ,
fi Q A nw
O 0 W 25 per cent D '
M evelo in
O ff l Discount p g
f" Q to "U" Students ind :ringing for
i ma eur
bgofii and Neatergtevgsjlt : I3 :
Qj ' South Fourth Street,
,f 25:-253 Cedar Avenue mmn-
'Do You Ride a Wheel ?
Ofcourse you do, and you want the Best Cement for repairing, the Best Lubri-
cant for your chain, the Best Iinuniel to make your wheel look like ncw,tl1c Best Oil
to make the whcelsgo 'rouucl, and that is what you get when you get f.i'lCbl'ZIl'lCl called
Manufactured hy. .....
Adams Manufacturing Co.,
Deere Bicycles are All Right.
See Nicholson Bros. for Lowest Prices on Best Goods, 709 Nicollet Ave.
N ivlfif al 71 WN,
if om-Q-fwxxfifii +1
' f1?.Df'fof I- fd! '
63 2?77fiW'ilfiifgigQE v S
Insurance against Loss or Damage
to Property and Loss of Life
and Injury to Persons
Steam Boiler Explosions
J. M. ALLEN, President.
WM. B. FRANKLIN, Vice-President.
F, B. ALLEN, Second Vice-President,
I B PIERCE S --r -t r ' an l T'cn.
, . . . LL 1. a 3 1 1 -4. Y
L. B. Bkuxlmn, Assistant Truus. 1
Brown Bros. M. Co. WeSSliI1g'S-----
P at akewood
and 0 Dealers in
Importers 0 0 .
--of-' Q Choice Cut Flowers
First-Class, Reliable Workmanship o 0 o
at Popular Prices.
240 Hennepin Avenue T0mPlfC011rt 36 Fifth Street South
Minneapolis, Millll. SDECIA5L'l-fgggzkoscs, Artistic Floral NVork.
J. D. Hinshaw, '87, Merchant Tailor, 627 Boston Block
How Force Prepared for the Pillsbury Contest.
Mr. Calais-Go on.
Miss Brown--I have told all I know.
Mr. Calais-Ah, how unlike ze ladies. '
Mr. Brewer-A woman's emotional nature is more developed than her reasoning
Mr. Firkins-That is very philosophical, Mr. Brewer.
Mr. Dunlap-If we had woman suffrage we would have to omit the " obey" in
the marriage ceremony.
Mr. Roberts-lf Mr. Dunlap thinks there is an obey in the marriage ceremony he
is way behind the times. QRoberts ought to knowj.
Prof Moore-What does dampf mean?
Prof. Moore-Well, then, what is a dampf machine? Cdampfessj.
Mr. Ormond-A washing machine.
Taken from a Freshmarfs essay-From shore to shore of thc limitless land.
Interurban Conductor-Make room there for more people after an education.
Little later: Move up closer on the seats, please.
Keihle asked Peithman if there were any girls at the German universities. Peith-
man doesn't remember.
Prof McClumpha--All those who are not here will please signify by raising their
Send your friends to Nicholson Bros., Fine Tailors, 7oo Nicollet Ave
lt's too good to lose,
rawford . . .
Just as good as represented.
. The satisfaction that pleases the
buyer. The pride a rider takes
in the possession of a good
T wheel. You get all this at a
price within your reach.
Did you chance to read
What Chauncey Depew said
J. D. Hinshaw, '87, the HU" Tailor, 627 Boston Block.
All stylish suits come from Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave.
Commencement Invitations and
Class Day Programs
I , SAMPLES FOR THIS YEAR NOW READY
1 100 Wedding lnultations, Engraved and Printed on Per-
fectly White Paper, with envelope complete, . 87450
Additional 100s. . . . . . 2.25
' LEADING HOUSE FOR
MENUS. DANCE PROGRAMS AND
INVITATIONS OF ILL KINDS
We haue our own Photograph Gallery H08 Ch6StnUt StY'9Bt, Philadelpla.
fv' Half TOM Enyfflviw commas SAMPLES AND Pmces
---22l--- unns 6: Pomerleau ---22'-H
cent,-al Avenue, MrfV?---YWE- l- Central Avenue.
' q..:Q5:x . . a l
0pt1c1ans nd Jewe ers
. .. . rf W P tw
,. A Eyes tested and Glasses made to
'ilk L' -g Prices the 'Lowest fit. All kinds of Watch and
orsett, the Caterer,
Fruits and iq- Delicious
Fine Confectionery, api- Frozen Creams,
418 Nicollet Avenue. 7l2 Hennepin Avenue.
D. N. Mason, I I
E , '
Lfgjlffiid 400 14th Ave. S. E., Students I
Heavy , ,
Draying. Mlm1e3P0liS1 Ninn- For first class
cal on t e . . .
University News Stand,
.,.,.,t., S.E. Eagle Steam Laundry,
Agency ' First Class
8 C t I A
Berlin Steam 2 Work at 20 en ra venue'
Laundry. I Cut Prices. Telephone 874-3. Minneapolis.
Tribune Bicycles HBest on Earth,"
Nicholson Bros.,7o9 Nicollet .... Largest Tailoring House in the N. W.
College Banners an ae an
Flags, Pennants and Wall Banners
For Room Decoration
A or the Athletic Fleld....
V niforms and
, Q Equipments
Oxford gcnvns gud :lags
ege pec a es -
0' The Largest Uniform The M' C' Lilley 8 Co'
l'louse in the U. S. Columbus, Ohio.
O U U 9 U O U
O O D D Q Q G
o u o c o o
D O Q D Q D O
The Paper in this publication was furnished by Leslie 6: McAfee.
Professor-Mr. Stanford, where is Miss Olson this morning?
Mr. Stanford-She hasn't had her breakfast yet.
Dean Pattee fin Chapell-Talk about athletics. Why, when I was a boy I
slept on a bed so hard that I had to get up two or three times during the night
Dr. Folwcll Cin Chapelj-Yes, I believe in athletics. I believe in football, 'tennis
and croquet, especially in croquet. It was introduced in an agricultural school
for young ladies, being considered an excellent form of husbandry.
Young Lady Qin Chemical Laboratory!-What do I want? Oh, yesg I know.
Assistant-Yes, a good many young ladies want that.
Do you wear Tailor-Made Clothing? See J. D. Hinshaw, Boston Block
Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Avenue, the Leading Tailors
:nom TH:-: Pnsss
Do you wear Tailor-made Clothing? See J. D. Hinshaw, Boston Block
flfeavery M0 Uarpenler.
Whenever in the course of years
When all things that one loves,
Is lost, and naught remaining
Ourjaek is gone,
And everywhere we turn, dc-
And ruined castles in the air
Alone confront uscold and bare
Ah! then, we'll think of palinier
When jack would billowy dust-
From dirty floors that ne'er
His ample broom.
And youth and Co-ed student,
Vowed that within theheavenly
For him, at least, il' space were
They would make room.
Folks say that he's a carpenter,
Yet one would think at least
That, being a joincr and re-pairc-1
He would be somewhat of a
Again, he's skilled in surgery,
And can great credit claim,
For when he mends an arm or leg
He does not pull the same.
And once again, in social life,
Although he's not a bore,
He angers well to entertain
The listeners with his lore.
But yet with all his repertoire
Priest, medic, entertainer,
There's many a man with less to
Who's a thousand per cent.
See Nicholson Bros. for your Fine Dress Suits. 709 Nicollet Avenue
Tables f- 2
J. G. Alexander Mfg. Co.
Grand Rapids, l'lich.
IIIFIIII IIIFHIII Illlllil IIIFIFIF
lllfilii llilllil llilllil IIIFIIII
make three styles, in ull sizes, from 24 in. x 32 in. to 4- ft. x 10 ft.
If you need a table, d0n't fail to send for illustrated catalogue and price list.
All the "U" 0 A E.
Boys and Girls S235 X E S
Get their Meals -- ' g E
...at 3 E 0 1 5 "'
Pub! 2 1 . if E
LLll.l-iLL. 1 'ls 2 '11
The r 5 LJ
0 E '5
utchms ... 'a
'IJ O M
When You come . '53
to the HU" Q vi 2
be srlre and 3 3
dot esame...... 'C
Remember the Name
Prices Reasonable Service the Best
The Ink used in printing
th'. b k
was furnished by the
Anlt 8: Wiborg Co.
Do you wear Tailor-Made Clothing?
See J. D. Hinshaw, '87
Send your friends to Nicholson Bros., FineQTailors, 7o9 Nicollet Ave.
Deere icycles ,
0 HAI-e all Right." 1521! ii
41 l I I '
Deere, S50. Moline Special, 340.
Tribune, 075, 050 and 040.
Ask for our '
Deere 8: Webber Co. Flinneapolis, Vlinn.
The Tribuneelleere Agency,
W 614 First Ave. So.
F- ' "ff ' ""' Q -N "W-H "" 'T'.. """"'q
W 5 Qi 253
J. D. Hinshaw, '87, Flerchant Teilor, 627 Boston Block.
1 1 il
The question is, what books will be most useful in begin-
ning a library? Some must go in at onccg others can wait.
Qille iljorn Boot! Qeries y
XVill furnish the most useful and practical set of text-
books for current use, study, and reference. The Series now
covers nearly all the main branches of the law, and is in use
in law oHiccs all over the country, as well as in law schools.
Practitioners Hnd that its principles and rules of law are easily
found, clear, and trustworthy. Send for a complete list.
Qi53.75 a volume, net, dclivered.j ,
BIack's Law Dictionary
Is as necessary in the lawyc-r's ofhce as in the class-room.
It gives accurate definitions of terms that will be coming up
constantly. Q36, net, delivered.j
Report currently all decisions from the Supreme Courts
of the different states, each Reporter including a group of
neighboring states. Send for a sample copy of the one you
are interested in. The weekly advance sheets M5 a yearj
afford the cheapest means of following the current cases,-
which every lawyer wants to do.
NVrite for catalogue and prices to
WEST PUBLISHING CO., St. Paul, Minn.
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