University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN)

 - Class of 1897

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University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1897 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 494 of the 1897 volume:

7 L S THE GOPHER .jc Published Annually by the Junior Class of the University of Minne- sota VOLUME X 1896 Minneapolis Copyright 1896 by the Editors TRIBUNE JOB PRINTING COMPANY MINNEAPOLIS MINNESOTA Dedication TO THE UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA Which, by its broad and democratic administration has for over a quarter of a century welcomed both rich and poor, and . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' ... ' . ' . ' . Which, by its thorough and progressive spirit, has raised the standard oi education and elevated the ideal of citizenship in the Northwest, this volume is aflectionatelv inscribed. ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . Greeting On. m @ e 1 Prologue ' Ji v i£t- When Caplain Noali Ijiiill liis scow Wliilc waitiiifj for the laiii. lie framed her, tiller-box and ])ro v. Of " ( " Topher " wood as l)einj; good To stem the mif;hty main. There ' s nothing new Ijeneatli the sun : Now that our work is o ' er, We ' re fi-ee to state the jol) was done With " Gopher " stntT quite tough enough To last forever more. We ' ve tried t(j make our jokes all plane; We ' ve used our " saws " with care; The compass of each massive brain Has circled sjjheres, and now a])pears Our " Gopher " staunch and square. S o. " ail-aboard, " we gaily cry; The anchor now wc weigh ; Get in. good folks, it ' s nice and di ' v: I ' leasc don ' t remain out in the rain Like those in Noah ' s day. Sail on, () gallant " Go])lier " bark. Be thou in truth a trusty . ' Xrk ; And o ' er life ' s troubled, tossing sea Bear many to fair memory ' s shore. To mountain peaks of days of yore, " Our hearts, our hopes, our prayers, our tears, " Our faith triumphant o ' er our fears, " Are all with thee, are all witli thee. " Editorial Staff The University Calendar- " - SKI ' TliMIlER September 1 to 5 iMitiance Examinations September 2 .... President Nortlirop entered njion liis (hitics 1.S84 Septemlier S Classes meet for Annonncenicnts September 15 First Colle ' c Classes organized 1809 OCTOHER October 5 Medical Department opens October 6 School of Agricidtnrc opens NOVEMBER November 7 and 16 .... Hxamination.s for Conditioned Stndents November 23, 24-, 25 and 27 Term E.xaminations November 26 Thanksgiving Day November 28 I- ' irst Term ends DECEMBER December 1 . Classes meet for Second Term December 19 Holiday Recess l)egins December 22 President Fohvell Inangurated 1869 December 25 Christmas Day JANUARY January 1 New Year ' s Day January 5 Holiday Recess closes FEBRUARY February 8 and 15 E.xaminations for Conditioned Students February 12 Lincoln ' s Birthday February 18 .... Thiiversity Charter, 1868.— Oen. Sibley Died, 1891 Februarv 22 Washington ' s Rirthda - MARCH March 3 to 6 Term Examinations March 8 Classes meet for Third Term March 26 School of Agriculture closes AI-KIL April 1 to 30 Sawing Wood and Saying Nothing M A v May 13 Ex;uninations in Medical Department May 18 Senior Examinations begin May 26 to 29 Term Examinations May 30 Memorial Day COMMENCEMENT WEEK May 30 Baccalaureate Smulay and Memorial Day May 31 Class Day JUNK ]nne 1 Alumni Day June 2 Address before the College of Law June 3 ... Commencement Day— Twenty-Fifth Annual Commencement June 3 9:00 A. .M. Graduating Exercises June 3 8:00 p. m. President ' s Reception June 4- Summer V;ic:itiou begins The University -Ji Calendar The University of Minnesota Graduate Department GRADUATE WORK IS OFFERED IX AI.E THE COLLEGES The College of Science, Literature and the Arts A Sl ' MMER SCHOOL FOR TEACHERS The College of Engineering, Metallurgy and the Mechanic Arts CLASSES I. lA-DFSTRIAL ART The College of Agriculture THE SCHOOL OF AGRICVLTCRE THE DAIRY SCHOOL THE SUMMER SCHOOL FOR WOMEX The Department of Medicine THE COLLEGE OF MEDICIXE AXD SURGERY THE COLLEGE OF HOMEOPATHIC MEDICIXE AXD SURGERY THE COLLEGE OF DBXTISTRY THE COLLEGE OF PHARMACY The College of Law In Charge of the Board of Regents THE GEOLOGICAL AXD XATURAL HISTORY SURYEY THE AGRICULTURAL EXPERIMENT STATION — in — An Historical Sketch. To j et a correct view of tlie University ol ' Minnesota, with its present condi- tion and its future tendencies, it is necessary to place its early history in ])crs])ec- tive. Yet the events recorded reach back no further than the active particijiation of middle aged men. EXTERNAL EVENTS-Early Incidents. On February ' 25, 1851, the (jovcrnor of the Territory of Minnesota, Alexander Ramsey, approved an act of incorporation by which the University of the Terri- tory of Minnesota began its legal existence. The same act located the institu- tion at or near the Falls of Saint Anthony. That tells substantially the whole story of its first year, for at the first meeting of the Board of Regents designated in the act — Messrs. Henry H. Sibley, Franklin Steele, Alexander Ramsey, Isaac Atwater, B. B. Meeker, Socrates Nelson, C. K. Smith, William R. Marshall, N. C. D. Taylor, Henry M. Rice, . braham Van Vorches, John H. Stevens and G. J. Y. Rhieldaffer— held the third day of June following, in the city of Saint Anthony, nothing but a situation confi-onted them. There was no endowment, no money, The fe University of Minnesota The (Original l nh-ersity Buiklinf , Architect ' s Ideal, 1850. had been appropriated, and the work of the Board consisted in talk — talking over the location of the new institution, the raising of means for its support, arousing the interest of citizens and suggesting anything and everything to ensure the suc- cess of the new enterprise. Following this meeting came the first gift to educa- tion which Minnesota had received. It was the gift of Regent Steele, formally tendered to the Regents in 1852, of a site on which to build the University. Means were obtained for erecting a building U])on thisgroimd, now occupied by the Exposition building of Minneapolis. Under the principalship of Rev. E. W. Merrill, in November 1851, the preliminary school of the University was opened to students. For three years and a half, with an average attendance of sixty scholars, Mr. Merrill prosecuted his work. By the end of this time it was seen that Franklin Steele ' s gift was inadequate to meet even the immediate needs of the University. As the Regents looked forward and calculated the growth of a quarter of a century they saw that more ground must he secured. The city of The University of Minnesota Saint Anthony was gi-o ving; hence it shoiikl be secured at once. Accordingly-, with money that had been obtained from the sale of certain lands, they purchased twcnt3 ' -seven acres of the present campus. This selection of a site was in 1854. The sum of $6,000 was paid for the same, an amount which was large at that time. Until 185G the new territory was ])rosperous even beyond the expectation of the most sanguine settlers, who had come here from New England to establish their homes in a territory declared by the government ' s exploring officers of the ' 30s to be uninhabitable, save for Indiansand herds,and to be unproductive except for a few of the hardiest cereal cro])S. The Ori iiutl riiivcn ity Iliiildiil us It Exists Today. Accordingly, in 1856, there was begun upon the camijus the erection of the University building. The plans for this building, as outlined by the architect duly appointed by the Regents, would do credit to the most sanguine millionaire in founding the University of today. The structure was to consist of a main part of four stories over a high basement, and two wings, each of three stories, over a high basement, the whole to be 277 feet in length. Deciding at fii ' st to erect only a part of the magnificent structure proposed, the Regents, with the few thousand dollars then on hand, entered upon their work. They were urged to do it both b - their own large views of what the temtory was to become and by the clamors of people who were not disposed to see ftmds lying in the territorial treasury unused at a time full of such large needs for expenditure and grand opportunities for growth. The work ot ' construction began; so too did those financial movements which resulted indisasterand ruin not onlyto the enterprise soanspiciouslybegnn, bnt to the fortunes and prospects ot " some of the Regents themselves and many steadfast friends of the University. In the wild and unreasonable effort of distress to place blame at some resijonsible door, the Kegents were charged not only with lack of judgment but even with a criminal misappro])riation of ]iul)lic funds. An investigation was demanded and made. Its result was the full exoneration ol the Board. In all these troublous times the Regents never lost sight of the purposes ot the Ihiiversity. In the spring of 1858 a second attempt to open the institution was made. Mr. Barber, a competent instrtictor, was employed to take charge of the preparatory department. At the expiration of six months the school was discontinued because the attendance was so small that tuitions would not half meet the expenses. In 1860 the institution by legislative enactment was entirely reorganized and placed tmder a new Board of Regents — Alexander Ramsey, President; William K. Marshall, Edward D. Neill, Jared Benson, John M. Berry, Edward O. Hamilton, Uriah Thomas and William M. Kimball. But the state was not readj ' to take up educational woi ' k; the War of the Rebellion and the Sioux Indian outbreak held in abe3 ' ance all considerations beyond those of immediate necessity. A heavy debt had accumulated; the rate ot interest in those days was from 12 to 24- per cent ; with no resoui ' ces save lands which could not be sold, the situation was daily more alarming. Itwas more than seven years before Minnesota, which meanwhilchad becomea state, felt ready again to resume the work of developing higher education. In the stress of events incident to the financial crash of 1857 followed by the War of the Rebellion and the Indian outbreak, the endowment of land made to the territory had been swept avi ' ay and the a])propriation due to Minnesota under the Morrill Act of 1862 was in jeopardy. In 1864 a commission was created by the Legislature. This enactment was an act of salvation. John S. Pillsbury, John M. Nicols and Orlando C. Merriman were appointed to sell lands and pav debts until the last dollar had been met. Their work was not accomplished before 1867, in which year the situation was so promising that the Legislature appropriated money for the renovation of the long unused building. Something had been saved, and on March 9, 1867, the Legislature voted its first cash appropriation for higher education — $15,000, to repair and furnish the University building, which since the 50 ' s had stood unoccupied and crumbling. In October of that year Principal W. V. Washburn and two assistants began teaching. These assistants were Gabriel Campbell and Ira Moore. A goodlv number of students, chicflyfrom the families in the neighborhood of the Thiiversitv, enrolled themselves in the new school. The work of this preparatory department was carried on for two years with such eminent siicccss and satisfaction that it was felt by the Regents that the time had come to enlarge the field of instruction and correspondingly to increase the teaching force. Among the perplexities of the Regents in early days some of the most annoy- ing were associated with their efforts to maintain their charge as an educational institution. For instance, it was through the shrewd movenients and decisive vote of one man that the state was once spared the conversion of the institution into an asylum for the insane. — 13 — The University of Minnesota 1 116 t « University of Minnesota Another question had to be answered at this point in the history of the insti- tution, viz., whether co-education should be allowed. The Faculty brought the traditions of American colleges to bear. The Regents representing the Common- wealth voted the spirit of the Constitution into the University, and since that date the question of sex has never been raised except in the debating societies. The decision, which appears to have been reached before President Folwell ' s arrival, was ably supported by him in the following inaugural words : " The Uni- versity . . . exists for the benefit of society, not mei ' ely for that of individuals. Whether male or female, . . . the doors of its auditoria, its laboratories, its library stand open to all worthy comers; that is, to all persons of good fame, who prove themselves competent to hear and receive its lessons. " Both before and some time after this point in its history the University had been hampered by political influences; these influences grew up because there was money to be exjiended. Everywhere that such a condition exists, the politician is on hand and the early days in the historj ' of the University of Minnesota are no ex- ception to universal experience. But the Regents stood firm in their convictions thateducation should not be hampered by political orselfish desires. The constitu- tion had already declaimed it free of sectarianism or other religious interference, and it remained with the Board further to insist upon perfect freedom from ]5olitical intrigue. In this position they were supported by the educated men of the state and those were, for a young commonwealth, many and strong. So well did the Regents succeed in maintaining their position that no influence of this kind has for years been seen. A proposition practiced by Governor Pillsbury that no man should be appointed to an oifice of responsibility and trust in the State ' s affairs who had not proved his fitness therefor by the successful management of his own personal affairs, has been felt in the Capitol since Governor Pillsbnry ' s six years ' service as chief executive. A serious difficulty conti-onting the Regents was that of starting aright in entering upon their work of founding a university. The first necessity of such an enterprise was the selection for the presidency of a man of courage, persistency, caution, bright scholarship and a large view of the future. It was essential that such a man be found to serve as pilot and guide in holding the institution to a steady policy of intellectual progress. The first duty of a president thus chosen is to mark out a reasonable and fair policy, and direct the energies of the administra- tion to its proper and legitimate enforcement. In viewing the history of educational movements it is seen that all i-eforms have begxm in the higher fields — those of knowledge and research — and thence, like rays of light, have penetrated down- wards through the great mass of human society, until the plane of theevery-day in- terests of life has become illumined. The condition recpiisite of success in an educational movement is that it be ada])ted to the conceptions and judgment of the people tf) be educated. Another is that it be pushed only at such speed that the community may keep pace miderstandingly, without chafing and im- rest. The man for such a work was found in President Folwcll, and the policy upon which he settled after months of careful study and consultation with some of the foremost educators in the country, was published in its general features as the action of the Regents in the early reports of the Board. The Greenhouses. The Growth of the Campus. It is not necessary to describe again the gilt ol ' I ' raiiUlin Steele to tlie Uni- versity. March 3d, 1854, the Rea;ents decided to |)iirchase a lot ot land owned by Messrs. George and Taylor and thereon locate the new university. Thiit lot com- prised twenty-seven acres of the present Campus. It reached from the bank ol the river to University aveinic, but imlbrtunately extended along University ave- nue less than twelve rods. The price paid for this was $0,000. On the inaugtiration of |)lans for building in the early 70 ' s, it was seen tluit a grejiter frontage was essential. (Governor Pills- bury jjurehased by his own means the thousand feet along University avenue jjlatted as Thatcher ' s Addition, and held it until the State could appro- ]5riate funds to reimburse him. This was done in February, 1877 and the most essential part of the Campus, a beautiful frontage, was secu red fi-om Twellth avenue to Seventeenth, at an expense of $18,000. Soon, even this enlargement was found to be insufficient for the prospective needs of the immediate future. Again, the phenomenal growth of the cities. Minneajiolis and Saint Paul, warned the Regents that what was done must be R?S done quickly. An- other appropria- tion for enlarging the Campus was asked and granted March 10,1879, of $20,000. The next request for more ground was re- ceived by the legis- lature and ap- proved in voting February 24, 1S8-1-, the sum of $20,- 000 in addition to the ordinary Uni- versity budget. The final addition to the grovmds was made two -ears ago by the gift of the late Hon. Richard Chute, who had served for some years and at two different times as a Regent. The gilt consists of a narrow strip extending on the south side of University avenue from Eleventh avenue southeast eastward. It has given that finish to the westward extension of the grounds, possible only when a street frontage is secured. — 15— The Plant House. The University of Minnesota ji The University of Minnesota A Touchdown. Save in the erection upon it of the buildings, tliis piece of gi-onnd remained almost as nature left it until 1894-. In that vear tlic j rounds were laid out by a distinguished landscape gardener and the legislature appropriated $12,500 the following winter for their improvement. Accordingly driveways have been opened, stone sidewalks have been laid, the surface has been graded, and a well- planned system of improvemcntshas been begun. Rejiresenting a total cost to the state of less than $80,000, it stands at current prices for several times that amount. It was planned iji_. . v Hy,.- m. " " . ' " ' ' SO ' s to make the Campus a t S i S mt TX ' ■. ? L, f 3K grand Arboretum in which to grow every tree and shrub that would thrive in the state. The project was, for practical reasons, given up almost before any work and experimentation in that direction had been instituted. After the decision to o])en teaching colleges of law and medicine, it was soon realized that this gi-ound would be needed for the rapidly developing lecture-room and laboratory work of the institution. The group of buildings which has sprung up as by magic, even now proves the wisdom of the step then taken. The Campus, enlarged by these several increments, contains fifty acres. It is of magnificent extent and surpassinglv beau- tiful in situation for a seat of learning. It stands in the very heart of a flourishing commer- cial and business center. The Agricultural Col = lege Farm. In accordance with the ret|uirenients of the act ofreorgani2ation,the Re- gents in 1868 purchased the Agricultural College Farm, a quarter of a mile east of the original University Campus. All preliminarj ' arrange- ments were made and the Regents announced that " so soon as the farmers send us a sufficient number of their sons, " this department of the institution would be in a flourishing condi- tion. Many lines of experimentation were entered tipon during the subsequent years. Between 1875 and 1880 gieat activity was shown by Professor Lacy. The Barn. The University of Minnesota — 17 — The University of Minnesota Recop iizing the unfavorable coiirlitions as to soil and drainage, he early advised removal to a more favorable locality. Such removal was not eftected in his day. When his successor, Professor Edward D. Porter, came, in 1881 and had devoted a year to investigation, he rcc- oninicndcd that the farm be sold and a new one with good soil be purchased; that the Campus be utilized as an illustrative Arboretum and horticultural grounds; that tanners ' lectiu ' e courses be pushed to every commu- nity in the state and other important lines of work be organized and operated. While Professor Porter ' s tireless energy was felt in every line of work within the College, his special ambi- tion was to organize and develop " a First Class Ex- periment Station. " And of such, indeed, he succeeded in laying the foundations. Upon this foundation one of the best and most successful experimental fanus and experimental stations in the country has been btiilt up. The Regents olitaiiied authority from the legislatiu ' e, in 1881. and sold the A Farmhouse. The General Museum — Geolagy and Mineralogy. farm by ])latting it into two hundred and eighty-one lots as the Regents ' Addition to Minneapolis, and auctioning the same at public sale. About $150,000 was thus realized from an original investment of $8,000 and some lots are still on hand. The sale of the Minnetonka fruit farm authorized by the legislature of 1S89, has made possible still other advances. Such helps secured through the advance in values can be realized only in the vicinity ol " dense population and large commercial interests. With the sum the present magnificent farm ol two hundred and fitty-tour acres has been ])in-chased, farm house and b:irn erected, equipment and every facility for lesearch work provided, and all without the appropriation of a single dollar by the state. The Geological and Natural History Survey. An important adjunct of the scientific work of the Universit.v is the Geological and Natural History Survey of the State. This was organized in 1S72 and placed under the direction of the Board of Regents. It still continues — a t|uarter of a century of scientific research conducted by a state upon its own domain. The original cost of this work was $1,000 per year; thiswas soon increased to $2,000, and in 1875, and subsequently, a ([uantity of Salt Spring lands, 38,64-3 acres, was turned over to the Regents to be disbursed in accordance with the law ordering the survey. This land at the minimum price of $5.00 per acre, for which it could be sold, will eventually enable the Regents to realize over $200,000. The amount already sold h a s brought over $75,000. The cash appropria- tions which the state has at various times voted for the mainte- nance of this work amount at date to $50,000, notincluding cost of printing. The survey is com- prehensive in its scope. The fields of investiga- tion named in the original act are geol- ogy, botany, zoology and meteorology. Two maps, a geologic and topographic, were also provided for; the latter, on approval, to become the official map of the state. A museum was also contemplated, which should exhibit to the people of the commonwealth in an orderly and scientific way its natural resources as discovered Ijy the survey. The geological exploration of the state was first prosecuted. Botany, zool- ogy, meteorology and topography are to follow, in order, unless economy and efficiency can be secured by joint operations. The results of these investigations thus far available, are to be found in a series of annual reports covering almost a c|uarter of a century- of geologic work; three volumes of the final report on the geology of the state; two brief reports of the State Zoologist, accompanied by a study of the birds of .Minnesota by Dr. P. L. Hatch, and a synopsis of the Entomos- traca of Minnesota by C. L Herrick and C. H. Turner; one report of the State Botanist, containing an exhaustive review of the MetasperniEe of the Minnesota river valle3 ' ; a series of bulletins, containing geological, botanical and zoological papers, besides many scientific papers from less comprehensive fields of study. m " ' The Gei era! Museum — A Zoological Alcove. The University of Minnesota — 19- The. University of Minnesota Tlie stcarHiiessofptirposcwliich from the first has been a marked feature of the Kovenimeiit of the I ' niversity.has held the Geological and Natural HistorySurvey to its work. After twenty-five years of uninterrupted research, a still longer period of useful investigation lies before the several departments of the University charged with the prosecution of this work thus far so successfully carried on. Grants, Appropriations and Gifts. The first condition of success in the development of any institution is the financial one. It is well at this point to note with what resources the University has been endowed. They have Ijeen derived fi-om three sources. Fn-st, Congressional ai)propriations; Second, Legislative appropriations; Third, Individual gifts and endowments. Congressional Appropria tions. The Congres.s, in February, 1851. one day after the ap]5roval by Gov- ernor Ramsey of the legislative act creating the Uni- versity of the Ter- ritory of Minne- sota authorized the Secretary of the Interior to set apart two town- ships . 46,080 acres, for the use and sup- port of the Univer- sit3 ' ot the Territory of Minnesota. In 1857 therewas ap- propriated an ad- ditional two town- ships consisting of a like amount. In 1862 the historic Morrill bill made a grant to the State of Minnesota of 120,000 acres. In 1887, $15,000 annually was appropriated for the establishment and maintenance of an .Agricultural Experiment Station. In IS ' JO, $15,000 annually was approjjriatcd, also for agi-icullure, with an additional $1 ,000 each year until the total should reaci ' $25,000, at which figure the appropriation shall stand until otherwise ordered by Congress. Of the above, much of the earlier grants was swept away in the financial dis- asters preceding and attending the civil war. The few hundred acres saved from these and the lands accruing under the Morrill bill have substantially all been sold and the sum invested in interest-bearing securities. This interest, with the $36,000 a year under the apiiropriation acts of 18S7 and 1889, represents the income ft ' om government grants and appropriations. — 20 — TIic i.enernl Xluseiim — Tlic hlcrbariuw. State Appropriations. It can l)c said to the glory of the eoniiiioinvealth that whenever called tipon by the Regents, aid has been voted without comi)laint and with practical unanimity, to the full extent of the re(|ucst or to the last dollar the state could properly command in support of the institution. Some of the more important special appropriations may be summarized : Between 1867 and 18S1 for construction : 1867. Repairing the I ' niversity building .$15,000 1870. Further repairs on the building 10,000 1873. Appropriation for erecting a front part to the same, and a building for College of Agriculture 30,000 1881. A si. years ' appropriation, of $80,000 per year 180,000 .$255,000 Owing to calamities which liclcll the state, the last appropriation was not drawn upon until 1883 and following years. Between 1891 and 1895 for construction; 1891. . ppropriation for Itcpartnients of Law and Medicine $ 80,000 1893. •• " Library and Assembly Hall 175.000 1893. ' ■ ■■ Workshops at the Karni. 30,000 1895. ■• •■ Dining Hall at the Farm 42,000 1895. ■■ ■ Hairy Hall 15,000 1895. " ■■ Blacksmith Shop 7,000 1K9S. ■• ■• Laboratory of the Medical Sciences 40,000 1895. " " Astronomical Observatory 10,000 1895. " ■• The Armory 75,000 Total, $474,000 It will he noted that there was appropriated for new buildings between 1891 and 1895 more than twice as much as during all the preceding years. If 1884, the year in which the change in administration occurred, be taken as the divide, only $114,000 had been actually expended, while since that date $620,000 represents the state ' s investment in buildings alone, or more than five times the earlier amoimt. For the libraries : 1891. Appropriation for the several libraries - $10,000 1895. " •■ General Library 20,000 Total, $30,000 Some special appropriations: 1S9I. . ppropriation for establishing the School of Mining and Metallurgy $6,000 1891. ' " opening a Department of Pharmacy 5,000 1891. " " salaries, Electrical Engineering and Mining, annually.. 4,500 1895. " " maintenance. School Mining and Metallurgy, " .. 5,000 Some points to he noted in the approjjriation by the State from year to year are as follows: In 1878 an annual tax of one-tenth of a mill was voted with an assessed valuation that year of nearly $230,000,000. But in 1881 the income was insufficient, and there was added $ 23,000 1885 The sum appropriated was increased per year to 35,000 1887 the sum appropriated for annual support was changed to 50.000 1889 there was voted for additional allowance 25,000 1893 a tax of 3-20 mill was voted; assessed valuation for that year about 635,000,000 1895 an urgent deficiency bill added 60,000 The significance of the foregoing lies in the fact that the University has grown at such a rapid and unintennipted rate that even " the oldest " legislator has not — 21 — The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota been able since 1880 to ap])r()priatc enouj li for its needs, even by voting at tlircc different times a special additional amount At the present time a deficiency is throwing its shadow across the path of the Regents. The total of all current ex- penses from 1867 to the close of the year 1895-6, a ])eriod of thirty years, will not be far from if 2,700,000. The total yearly enrollment for the same time will reach 19,139. The average cost per student, jier ;innnm, to the State is, therefore, $14-1.12. If the ' ear 1884- again be taken as a dividing line between two groups of figures, we shall have: Current expenses of the University, 1867-188 ... $ 65fi.s3;).r.5 Total yearly enrollment, 1867-1884 . ' j.lfin Average annual eost per student 126.4-4- Current expenses, 1885-1896 2, 043, 777. HO Total yearly enrollment, 1885-1896 13,976 Average a tinual eost per student 146.27 The ' ji ' jn ' jt University of Minnesota dt The Students ' Christian Association Building. It may properly ))e mentioned that over forty-two per cent of the total enroll- ment up to 1884 consisted of preparatory students. Absolute accuracy in the above calculations is impossible, because some of the early current expenses were mingled with building and repair accounts, and some of the Geological and Nat- ural History Survey expenses cannot be separated from University items. Again, many students are here for only a portion, great or small, of the University vear. In 1851, when the University was first thought of as a possible power in the development of the future commonwealth, the size and cost of such an institution were not dreamed of State universities were .scarcely known at that time, and none of them were expensive. Michigan was only a few years old and thus seemed chiefly a jjromise. Ouaiitiim tenipora miitavcrunt. ' The Universitj- was originally The University of Minnesota established on " the proceeds ot nil land that may hereafter be j anted by the United States. " Individual Gifts to the University. The first gilt of this character was that of Franklin Steele, already noted. In 1857 and thereabonts there were made many loans, snbscrijjtions and gifts by individual members of the Board of Regents and citizens resident in Minneapolis. These reached a total of a few thousand dollars. In 1872 there was donated by tiie friends of the University the sum of $720 towards securing for the museum a series of Ward ' s casts of fossils. From the establishment of the general library to the present time many books, pamphlets and manuscripts have 1)eeu presented and bequeathed to this department of the University work. The total number of accessions of this character now amounts to hundreds of titles. The alumni of the University in 1887 created an Alumni Fellowshi]) which has been maintained up to the present time by personal subscriptions. This fund paj ' s $250 per year, and through its expenditure a succession of Fellows in various Y. M. C. A. Reading Room. scientific and literary lines has Ijeen ensured. In 1893 the Albert Howard Schol- arship was bequeathed which yields about $160 a year for such recipient as the Executive Committee shall designate on recommendation of the general Faculty. In 1892 the friends of the late Professor Moses Marston endowed a scholarship in English which is annually awarded to deserving scholarly attainment in English language and literature. The class of 1889 contributed funds, the income of which should be devoted to the payment of an annua! memorial prize in history. In 1S95 a College Fellowship was announced in the College of Engineer- ing, Metalluigy and the Mechanic Arts to yield $200 annually. In 1891 the Gillette-Herzog Manufacturing Company, of Minneapolis, offered for competition by the students of the College of Engineering, Metallurgy and the Mechanic Arts two prizes: The first, $50 and a gold medal; and the second, $30 and a gold medal. Theses in competition are admitted from mechanical, structural, munici- The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota pal and electrical engineering lines. The prizes have been most eaniestly competed tor by the students of the successive classes. They are of gi-eat importance in cncour.Tging engineers to the most careftd and scientific work in jjreparation of original designs. Ore-Testing and Millhif Laboratories, We now pass to another class of gifts. In 1.SS5 and fcillowing years the Christian friends of the University ' throughout the state suljscriljed for the erec- tion of a building for the Students ' Christian Association the sum of $12,000. which sti ' ucture should l)e consecrated as the head- quarters of all Christian work and enterprise radi- ating fiom the institution. The movement leading to this was begun some time before the active canvass of 1885 and 1S86 when the sum necessary for the con- struction was reached. The building was dedicated, free of debt, in 18S7. .- mong the largest givers stand the names of Thomas Lowry, with $2,500; Fred Mar- quand, $2,000; Richard Chute, $1,000; John S. Pillsbnry. $1,000; H. O. Harrison, $500; Chas. A. Pills- bury, $500; Cyrns Northroj), $500. About $1,450 was raised in St. Paul, but the names of the donors are not at hand. The Furnace Room. -26 — In 1892, through a committee consisting of E. M. Johnson, P. D. McMilUui, Geo. H. Warren, Jas. R. Thorpe and S. C. Gale, the citizens of Minneapolis gener- Pillsbiiry Hall. ously subscribed over Sfi.OOO for the erection of the Ore- Testing and Milling laboratories of the School of Mining and Metallurgy. Architect Harry W. Jones gave the plans for the building. which now afi ' ords facilities for students in mining superior to those of any other institution in the United States. Theeijuipnientofthese laboratories is superb. The entire plant cost about $17,000. In lSS-1- Ex-Go V- ernorjohn S. Pillsbury endowed the institu- tion with his munifi- cent gift, Pillsbury Hall, equipped and fur- nished for work in nat- ural history-. This is by far the ' noblest " gift to education within the history of the state. It is doubly prized by the community because it came ' at a time when the Universitv was in sore need and when the state, in distress for Pillsbury Hall — The Aqiinria. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota want oriimds.coulil not meet a need so plainly seen. At this time there were a tew misguided citizens who nrged the seiiaration of the Agricultural College from the other departments of the University. Since it was through Regent I illsbury ' s ef- orts that this union had been brought about and maintained for so many years, it was but natural that he should in tendering the gift express his heart ' s desire that the union might be lasting and ask that Pillsbury Hall might become the seal of a mutual pledge. In recognition the legislature passed a fitting preamble and resolutions, and through a large legislative committee placed them iu the donor ' s hands. They follow: Whereas, We recognize with gratitude the long and valued services rendered to our State University 1)3 ' Honorable John S. Pillsbury Whereas, Information has been conveyed to this Legislature by him of his purpose to donate to The University of Minnesota a sum of money aggregating one hundred and fifty thousand dollars ; therefore. Resolved, By the House of Representatives, the Senate concurring, that for this large and munificent donation we tender to Mr Pillsbury this expression of our .sincere gratitude. Resoh-ed, That we accept this splendid gift with the solemn assurance of this Legislature that the vmity of the several departments of the University shall always be jjreserved, and that the Agricultural College shall be nuiintained as an important department. Resolved, That we hereby convey the individtial pledges of the members of this Legislature that the interests of the University shall be carefidly guarded in the future. The foregoing was signed by the President of the Senate, Speaker of the House of Representatives and the individual members of the Senate and House com- uiiitces. Another gift, that of Honoralile Frederick Weyerhauser, is the guarantee of the salary of the Professor of Semitic Languages and History for the period of five years, beginning with the year 1895-96. Thus it is seen that for an institution which has not graduated its twenty- fourth class, the University of Minnesota indeed has many loyal and warm- hearted, generous fi-icnds. INTERNAL AFFAIRS. We shall now discuss those incidents in the internal life of the University which have had a moulding effect in its development as an institution of learning and as the central educational plant in the intellectual development of Minnesota. It has been truly said that the difierence between a college and xmiversity is always one of aim. The college devotes itself to the academic schooling of young men and women ; the university must exert itself in every field of intellect- ual activity which its environment projects. This consideration has controlled the growth of the University to a larger degree than has been the case in any other institution of learning in America. That was the real issue in the memor- able contest over the " Plan of Organization " in the early 70 ' s, although it is doubtful whether the men who fought against the plan realized it. The Univer- sity idea predominated. And it is the Universitj ' idea peculiar to America; not that of England with its emphasis on cullure and t-lassical breadth, nor ol ' Germany with its erudition, but the real American idea of capabiHt y ; that is, that he who educates himself to do the most, whatever be his line of activity, educates himself into the best condition of American citizenship. The act of 1860 providing for the government and regulation of the Univer- sity directed that thtre should be attached a Collegiate Department in which regular college classes should be formed. The reorganization ;ict of February 18, 1868, now regarded as the Charter of the University, further provided for the establishment of five or more colleges or departments : First, a department of Elementarj ' Instruction; second, a College of Science, Literature and the Arts; third, a College of Agriculture and the Mechanic Arts, including Military Tactics; fourth, a College or Department of Law, and fifth, a College or Dejiartmcnt of Medicine. The University of Minnesota - IfH ■ ■ " ■ ■■ " " ■ " ■ ' " ■■ ' " ' ' " ' - ■■■ " B P HM a .- ' " ty - ■ iP Mil! g 1 M HuHJ " ' ' I ' M ■- ' " « " VP ' -1 liM l.lii ' Ci- IWIIIIW ' T ' . . ' -- ' tl- ' ' J- ' ' ' 3hf " ' ■ ' wi L , ' ' ' liMBtt glll The University liaak Sture. The department of Elementary Instruction had already been in successful operation since October 7, preceding under the designation of Preparatory Department. Upon the arrival of Col. Folwell in 1869, a careful studv of the situation was made by him, eminent educators were consulted and a proposition marked out and laid before the Regents. This was called the " Plan of Organiza- tion. " From first to last it has Ijeen suljjected to much criticism. Manv warmly approved it as adapted to the needs of the time; others were adverse to it as a fundamental measure. As the events centering about that " plan " are brought in review it appears that the chief objection was not the lack of merit in the plan itself, but in the educational prejudices of those who had to work under its re- quirements and tendencies. Its essential features were these: The Department of Elementary Instruction should consist of five years, one year designated the -29- The University of Minnesota Sanitary Science — Lcibnrntory. Latin School, soon to be discontinued, and four years as the Collegiate Depart- ment, the third and fourth of which corres])onded ver_v nearlj ' with the freshman and sophomore years of the older American colleges; the work comprised under Innior and senior years should constitute the College of Science, Literature and the Arts ; the professional and technical courses — Law, Medicine, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Agriculture were to be of equal rank in the prepara- tion required, time devoted and in every other possible respect. This feature made the College of Science, Lit- erature and the Arts the department of learning and scholarly acquirements. It thus became, in a sense, a professional school, to be developed as the future de- mands and resources of the State should direct. It was spoken of as " The University Course in Arts " and all students were strongly urged to continue through one of its courses of study before entering upon further professional preparation. It was a part of the plan that the studies of both the Latin School and the Collegiate De- partment should be dropped off as fast as the high schools could take the work. In the minds of the sujjporters of the plan the fore- going points were decidedly advantageous in view of the con- dition of educa- tion in a state only twelve years old, and with a population of less than 440,000; while in the opinion of others, advantage would lie in placing the well-tried New England plan of an American college upon the new commonwealth. Whether the " Plan " attained the specific ends aimed at by Tlie Ladies ' Parlor. its eminent promoter or not, ideas and principles int imately associated with it havej become so impressed upon the state that Minnesota today boasts of the best educational sys- tem in the United States. The steps of proj, ' - ress in the growth of the Universitj ' during President Fol well ' s administration, 1869- 1884, are the follow- ing: I. The adoption of the Plan of Organ- ization mider which was developed theUni- versit ' rather than the College. II. The rise, cul- mination and partial excision of the Prepar- atory Department. III. The close re- lationship perfected between the University and the high schools of the .state through the creation, March 3, 1881, of the State High School Board " constituted Chemistry — Dr. Frankforter ' s Private LaUt Department of Physics — A Laboratory. a Board of Commissioners on Preparatory Schools for the encouragement ol higher education in this state. " — 31 — The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota It must be borne in mind that educational progress never moves forward in a direct line; many notions once regarded as fundamental disappear; new ideas be- come engiafted on the system. The up-building under the best of circumstances is a slow process. Mi.sgivings and obstacles everywhere intervene. Yet in the historv of this institution, thanks to the three or four strong and unflinching per- sonalities directing its affairs, the advance has been steady and almost uninter- rupted since the reorganization act came into full force and efiect. The discussion of the plan of organization continued. To some e.xtent it fell into the nan-ow field of mutual recrimination. The Regents in their endeavor to adjust difficulties, asked for opinions. None of sufficient weight were presented against what had become the policy of the institution; therefore a resolution was passed by the Board suggesting some minor revisions but distinctly stating that " the Board ' are oi the opinion, after carefully considering the many questions, sug- Chemical ami Physical Laburaluries. gestions and recommendations made, that it is inexpedient to interfere with the essential features of the plan. " But those minor revisions were the rub. The more the Faculty tried to revise the more perplexing became the situation. The catalogues of a series of years following 1872 show a succession of changes made apparently, not on the merit oi the thing changed, but on the massing of votes in the Faculty. Latin, Greek, mathematics and philosophy were firmly entrenched, because the work was thoroughly disciplinary and in the hands of able teachers. These departments were never weakened in any readjustment. Teachers trained for other work had not then graduated. Recognizing that any course of study is what its teachers make it, we understand why so-called scientific and modern language courses were weak. There were no scientists to be had in those days. Herman and French were merely means to an end, and thjit end was not intellectual culture. The Professor of Philosophy wrote and taught a text-book in German ; geology, mineralogy, physical geography, botany, zoology, physiology, entomology, etc., etc., were all in charge of the " Professor of Cliciiiistry aiirl Instructor in Natural Sciences and in French. " As time went on matters did not improve. It was a critical |)criod. The ) nn had been ado])t- cd ; the Resents were very ])a- tient. Nothing of gieater value or of greater seem- ing advantage to all interests in the state had been proposed. The suggestion of a committee that soniethi ng like the. mcrican col- lege course be suljstituted, was met bvtlie follow- ing rcsolu t ion, penned by the sol- dier hand of Gen. Sibley: " It is the judgment of this Board that it is not expedient to make any radical change or modification in the settled policy of the University as heretofore fi. ed by the Board, " and unanimously adopted. The Regents became more Physics — Appara ttis Room. The University of Minnesota Physics — A Lecture Room. and more convinced that drastic measures must be adopted. Harmony in counsel was essential to successful development of the internal— the real — strength of the — 33 — The University of Minnesota institution. At last, and to every appearance without any preconcerted signal or concert of action, the Regents convened in annual meeting in May, ISSO. The Ijalloting for the Faculty began. When, on the evening of the .secon d day of tlie session, adjournment was taken, .seven out of a faculty of eleven members of high rank were not returned. A committee had l)een appointed to secure and report names for the vacancies. This work was done in a most thorough and satisfac- tory manner. Following the momentous event of 1880 were four years of remarkable peace and prosperity. Every department was engaged in quiet and effective work. The number of students increased twenty-eight per cent; the number of instructors doubled, from fifteen to thirty; the courses of study were extended and strength- ened. All traces of the storm disajipeared and the work of internal development Chemistry — A Laboratory. went on. Concord and mutual helpfulness pervaded all councils. President Fol- well then resolved to lay down executive work and devote himself to a cherished line of teaching and research. He accordingly resigned March Sth, 1883. His resignation was accepted, the same to take effect when his successor should be elected and qualified. The Regents, realizing the delicacy and weight of their re- sponsibility, began their search for a man to fill the place. They made no mistake. The right man was found and secured. Cyrus Northrop, Professor of English Lit- erature in Yale College, was invited to visit Minneapolis and the University. It was the glad old story; seeing was believing. President Northrop entered upon his duties September 2d, 1884, and was formally inaugurated June 11th, 1885. Below are the figures showing the material University at the time of the graduation of the first class; the institution which Dr. Folwell passed to his suc- cessor, and its condition at the last commencement, periods eleven years apart: 1S73 1884 18 ' 5 Number of graduate students enrolled O 10 S8 Number of undergraduates in regiilarclasscs 72 97 1,986 Number of preparatory in regular classes 204 59 O Number of specials in regular classes 15 llil 185 Number of professors 7 16 01 Number of instructors 3 7 35 Number of lecturers 1 16 Number of University scholars O 23 Number of fellows 3 Number of colleges of the University 2 4 7 The salary account $ 19,907.50 $ 31,1.30.8+ $ 1( " ,9,S80.77 Total current expense account 24,577.80 r.4.f)04,n3 254.117.08 Estimated value of the " Plant " 55,000.00 250,000.00 1,800.000.00 Capital represented at 3 per cent, the interest at which bonds are now placed 875,000.00 2,400,000.00 10,275,000.00 These figures speak. They show a most remarkable growth. Every Minne- sotan is proud of it. Psychology — TJic Lecture Room. The Collegiate Department. The above name given to the Department of Elementary Instruction provided lor in the organic law of the institution, by virtue of a by-law of the Board of Regents, was in early years the most conspicuous feature of the University. It was actually instituted October 7th, 1867, when preparatory work was for the third time opened. It consisted of two divisions: First, the Latin School. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota This was an organization of clenientar}- work for the purpose of prcjiaring for the fourth class of the collegiate courses of study ; it was discontinued in 1873. The Second, the Collegiate Department pro])er. The standard of admis- sion to this department was elementary algebra. Latin grammar and reader. It aimed to include the work of an ordinary college through the sophomore year. It cm])hasized the tendenc3 ' apparent twenty-five years ago, to make the junior year the starting point for professional training. While many things were said as to future intentions regarding the Collegiate Department, emphasis lay on the prop- osition to drop the work year by year just as fast as the high schools could take it up. The University would then consist of junior and senior years, together with the work built upon them. That the Collegiate Department plaj ' cd an important part in the growth of the University is apparent from the enrollment records. It was not Department of Zoology — The General Laboratory. until 1880 that the first and second classes, so])liomore and freshman, exceeded in niunbers the third and fourth, and up to that year the enrollment of the Col- legiate Department constituted eighty-three per cent of the entire attendance. From that time until 1890 preparatory work rapidly declined, and in the last named year the last preparatory student was advanced into the fi-eshman class. Meanwhile it had become apparent that the original nximbering of the classes could not well be maintained. They were called first, second, etc., for a number of years. In 1879 the terms sub-freshman, freshman and sophomore became syno- nyms of the words third, second and first, by which, previously, the several classes had l)een designated. In that same year the fourth class was discontinued. By 1890 the high schools of the state had become so thoroughly organized under the wise foresight and administration of the State High School Board that full pi ' ep- aration for the University could be carried by them. Meanwhile the organization which had been so tiseful was, in a measure, out- grown. It was clearly recognized by Faculty and Regents that many years must — 6- elajise before Ireshman and sophomore years could be handed over to the liigh sehools, and University work eoidd be bejrun at tlic conimencenient of the junior year. Tlie natural result of such a condition was the gi-adual disaiipear- ance of the distinction between eollcy;iate and university as defining terms and the merging of the work of both organizations into The College of Science, Literature and the Arts. The internal history of the College of Science, Literature and the Arts is a record of rapid progress and advancement to a foremost place among American universities. The broad policy recognized at the outset has been kejit in view; rhe traditions of the institution, which arc traditions of progress, have been steadily adhereil to. Bright and aljle men have lepresented the several depart- ments of instruction; they have carried their work steadily forward, their opinions Plant Morjihology — A Laboratory. have been liberal, their ideas progressive, and the whole management of the col- lege has been distinguished by elasticity and strength. The original plan was to recognize the eciuality of the courses in science and literature with the established classical course of American colleges. The Elective System. The elective system was incorpoi ' ated with the first course of study proposed for the College of Science, Literature and the Arts ; so there has never been such an event as the introiluction of electives any more than there has been the admission of women. Marked advances have been made from time to time in the application of such work. The several stages in this ad- vance may thus be summarih ' stated ; In 1871, when the Regexits issued their first schedule of studies for graduation, thirty-three per cent of the work in the College of Science, Literatui-e and the Arts was elective in all three courses offered, viz., arts, science, and literature. Nearly The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota The Observatory. The Telescope. equal freedom was permitted in the scientific and literary courses of the Collegiate Dejjartment. In 1874 the system was still further extended l)y nndtiplyinj; sub- jects from which the electives could be selected, until the third term of senior year, when only one subject was required; thus, thirty-nine ]jer cent of the work was (il)tional. In ISSO a still further expansion was voted, by introducing a larger number of elective studies and reducing the prescribed work to one subject onlj-. In 1879 there were also certain modifications, in that the students in all three courses were required to pursue the same subject. This move of the Faculty was to emphasize their intention to maintain complete equalitj ' between the several courses so far as disciplinary value could be secured in the instruction offered. In 1SS5 the senior year was made wholly elective, inasmuch as at that time the num- ber of subjects was changed from three, each of five hours per week, to four, each of four hours per week, the required work fell to 12 ' 2 per cent of the whole amount. In 1892 the last stej) was taken, by declaring all work of the junior and senior years elective — the only bar excluding any student from an - depart- ment being the lack of preparation to perform satisfactory work. In 1888 another change was made of far-reaching importance. The existing plan of long courses in the sciences for the scientific course, with a free choice be- tween physics and chemistry in physical lines, and between botany and zoolog} ' in biological lines, was established. From that time the scientific course has been as distinctly disciplinary as have the classical and literary courses. The ground for this step lay in the belief that, first of all. it is discipline and not information that should be secured through the student ' s efl ' orts. The change, instead of being revolutionai-y, was simply in the direction of universal opinion, and a recognition that preparation for life ' s duties lay in the field of natural phenomena as well as of human customs and accomplishment. Wisdom is justified of her children. The Observatory. In the 70 ' s an eflfort to develop astronomy almost succeeded. . strong move- ment was made to secure a small working observatory on precisely the plan now carried out. 1891 saw the erection of a small transit-house, equip])ed with transit-circle, astronomical clock, chronograph, etc., and 1895 was the date of the completion of the Students ' Observatory, made possible by legislative action. Its equipment consists of a ten inch equatorial of one hundred and fifty inches focal length. This instrument has three objectives, one combination of which forms the ' isual telescopic objective, and another the photographic objective. There are also three eyepieces of different magnifying powers, a filar micrometer and a driving clock. Two reading microscopes are provided for reading the declination circles, and the guiding telescope is of four inch a])erture. A spectroscope and photograph meas- uring machine are among the instruments. The Library. Thisistheprideof thel ' niversity; it also marks an epoch in the progress of lit- erar ' work. The building contains the administrative offices, the Assembly Hall, seating eight hundred people, the library with its large reading room, together with four depaitments of instruction, English language and literatuie, economics and politics, history and philosophy. Each department has its suite of studies for instructors, seminars for advanced work, and class rooms. The interior is char- The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota Library— The Chnpel. Library — The President ' s Office. cttiiztd iy ac ' miiEble cc]. t:iuii .e for tioik. It is of fire proof construction throughout. Its exterior is purely classic. The dimensions are, 194- feet long, 135 feet wide and two stories high. The building without and within is the most beautiful thus far constructed. Among the special features may be mentioned the entrance with its broad stairway leading to the cortile from which students proceed to the departments of economics and English and to the large general reading room of the Library. This reading room is 44 feet in width, 100 feet in depth and 33 feet high, and accommodates one hundred and fifty readers. An en- riched entablature extends around both cortile and reading room. The Armory. In 1883 there was erected upon the west end of the campus a drill hall, called by common consent the Coliseum. It contained oneof the largest audience rooms in the West. In IS94 this biiilding burned to the ground. The legislature of 1895 voted $75,000 to replace the Coliseum by an Armory, which shoidd serve its purpose as a drill hall for the cadet battalion and an assembly hall for the large gatherings of special University occasions. In September, 1895, the Regents adopted the plans of Architect Charles R. Aldrich, and work was immediately begun. The building will contain an audience room for 4,000 persons. It will be three stories high. . sufficient number of rooms will thus be secured for the classes in military science and physical culture including the necessary offices. The exterior is very plain, carrying Just enough of ornamentation to make it pleasing to the eye. The front is broken l)y a large massive tower, Norman in style, giving to it a decidedly military as]icct. Some Departments of Instruction. It may be well at this point to note a few of the departments which have developed in the College of Science, Literature and the Arts within the last dozen years. In brief review we note that the department of mathematics, which was first under the charge of Professor Ira Moore, became for a brief time the care ot . rthur Beardsley, but was directed from 1870 until 1880 by Professor Edwin J. Thompson. It included astronomy. In 1880 Professor Downey was called: in 1893 Arthur Edwin Haynes came as assistant professor. Francis P. Leaven- worth came in 1892 to devote himself especially to astronomy. He is now direc- tor of the Observatory. Latin and Greek have maintained a steady growth. V. W.Washburn, princi- pal in 1867-69 was the first professor of Greek. On his resignation Jabez Brooks was elected August 23, 1869. John C. Hutchinson is associate professor. The first professor of Latin was Versal J. Walker, who died May 18, 1876. In 1878 R. H. Tripp took the chair for two years. John S. Clark has taught Latin since 1876, becoming professor of the Latin language and literatnre in 1886. During the current year a chair of Semitic langtmges and history has been established. Professor James Richard Jewett was called to the work. Hebrew, Arabic and Oriental languages and history are being taught. Philosophy ffourished under Gabriel Campbell until 1880. Alexander T. Ormond followed him for three years, after whom Thomas Peebles, John Dewey and Williston S. Hough came in order before Frederick J. E. Woodbridge. Psy- chology has received attention for three years at the hands of James R. Angell and Harlow S. Gale. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota Armorj — ploor Vlans. The modern languages liave prospered. Professor Campbell lirst tanglit ( " .ei- man; July 29, 1874. John G. Moore was elected assistant professor of the German language and literatuie; in the following year he was professor of North European languages. He is now professor of the German language and literature. French in early years was united with history and subsequently with German. In 1880 Charles VV. Benton began to teach. At the meeting of the Regents held June 20, 1872, a petition was received from many influential Scandinavians for the estab- lishment of a Scandinavian department. This paper was filed because the resources of the University would not permit the step. On March 2, 1883, the professorship of Scandinavian language and literature was created bv legisla- tive enactment. OnlyOlausJ. Breda has filled it. The English language was first taught by Aris B. Don;ildson, whose chair was rhetoric and English literature. In 1874 Moses Marston succeeded him, perform- ing excellent work until his lamented death, which occurred July 11, 18S3. In the spring of 1884 George E. MacLean succeeded to the chair. He occupied it until Chemistry — A Lecture Kuoni. 1895. The existing features of the work, both in the English language and in literature are in large measure due to his erudition and constant enthusiasm. Rhetoric and elocution, under the charge of Maria L. Sanford since 1880, assisted by E. E. McDermott since 1890, constitute two groujis of the present federated courses in English. The department of history shows equally well with that of economics, the steady advance of the College of Science, Literature and the Arts. There were probably not more than one or two chairs of history in American colleges when this college received its first junior class September 5, 1S71. In 187-1- Richard W. Laing was appointed assistant professor in charge of history and elocution. With his retirement in 1879 the work went to Professors Campbell and Moore fur one year. Professor Ormond received the work in 1880. and his successor in philoso- The -je University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota Dutanv — A Laltorzitory. IHI Mf ' ' i ' jLa ' 4V " ■ " •if 1 CJiciiiistrs — ( ' .as Aiui vsia Laboratory. phy, Thomas Peebles, taught it for two years from 1883. Harry P. Judson was elected professor of histcjry and lecturer on pedagogy in 1885. For seven years the department of history grew rapidly. Willis M. West came as assistant professor in 1893. In 1895 he was promoted to the chair he now fdls. Economics and politics, taught from the carh- days of the institution l)v President Folwell, assumed greater importance when as professor of politicil science he began to devote his whole time to the work in 18S5. It is now a prom- inent department of University work. Since 1892 the work has extended through the junior and senior years. A line of work encouraging both in present condition and promise is the teachers ' course. A lectureship in pedagogy was established at the coming of Professor Judson in 1885. In 1891 State Superintendent David L. Kiehle became lecturer. In two years the demand for more extended work in pedagogy Ijecame so pronounced that the chair of pedagogy was created, and Dr. Kiehle as professor entered upon the work of building up a permanent teach- ers ' course. This is of two years ' length. The studies laid out are such as can be pursued in the regular University classes. The enrollment has been as follows: For 1893, 22 teachers; 1894, 29; 1895, 46, and 1896, 46. The m i 1 i t a r y de- partment biings into its work every able- bodied student and many of uncertain strength. Lieutenant Harry A. I.eonhauser has been preceded by a long line of brave soldiers and capable teachers. Among the sciences, so-called, chemistry is the oldest in that it took on definite shape as a department of study and research first among them all. In 1869 it was located in the old University building where room twenty -seven and thestair- way now are. It was in charge of Professor Twining who had to teach many other things. This gentlemen is said to have been one of the most accomplished men the University ever held. Soon Professor Strange took the chair. He too moved on. Professor Thompson succeeded him for a day- We read: " Resolved that Prof. E. J. Thompson be declared to l)e the jirofessor of mathematics and therefore is hereby relieved fi ' om the chair of chemistry to which he was vesterdav assigned. " The work was placed in the hands of the most persistant defender of the scientific cult which the University ever had. That chemistry is strong in the institution today in every way is largely due to the ability and scientific zeal of Stephen F. Peckhani, who filled this chair between 1873 and 1880. In 1875 the department moved into the Agricultural College building, which Clietjiistrv — The hibrurv iiiicl Balance Room. The University of Minnesota — 45 — The University of Minnesota Litholog-ical Lahorntory. stood until its destruction by fire, where the bviilding devoted to ' heniistr_v and phvsics now stands. James A. Dodge was professor of chemistry between 1880 and 1893. In October of the last named year George B. Frankforter was called to the de- partment and a rapid growth has followed. Physics was first in charge of Professor I ' cckham. From 1875 to 1 880 Louis W. Peck held the position of assistant professor of physics. From 1880 to 1885 William A. Pike was in charge. In t h e 1 a s t named year Frederick S.Jones took the work as in- structor. In 1889 the chair was assigned him which he at pre- sent occupies. The work of the Department of Physics was, in the first years of electrical engineering, closely associated with that course. Geology and min- eralogy were under the charge of the State Geologist from 1872 until 1878, when that officer asked to be re- lieved from teaching duties that he might devote his entire time to the prosecution of the geological survey. This request being granted, Christopher W. Hall was secured to take the classroom duties, and serve in the field as assistant geologist. He came in April, 1878, and in 1879 was made Pro- fessor of Geology, Min- eralogy and Biology. Biology has been turned over to more modern hands. The beginning oi existing laboratory methods, as applied along biological lines, must date from Department of Zoulo y — A Lahorntory. 1873. In tliat year the Executive Committee was " instructed to purcliase a microscope for the use of the University, not to exceed in cost $100, " That same instrument, alter twenty-three years of constant use and much inflicted with repairs, is still in the service of the geological survey. In 1884 Clarence S. Herrick was instructor in biology; 1885 saw Henry F. Nachtrieb in that capacitv, but devoting particular attention to zoology. In 1S8G he was assistant professor of biology, and in 1888 professor of animal biology. In the same year he was appointed state zoologist on the geological and natural history survey. In 18S7 Conway MacMiII;in c;imc as instructor in botany; 1890 saw him The University of Minnesota -j The l ibrnrv — General Reutlhiir Room. advanced to an assistant jirofessorshi]) and the jiosition of state botanist. In 1892 he occupied the chair of botany. With tlie gift of Pillsbiiry Hall ; the erection of the building devoted to chem- istry and physics; the arrangement of the four scientific subjects, botany, chemis- try, physics and zoology, in four parallel long courses ; the securing of good, pro- gressive teachers and the adoption of a liberal policy on the part of the adminis- tration of the University has exerted a remarkable influence upon the institution as a whole. That influence is not of " science " taught, but the scientific method applied. Every department feels the effects. Therein lies the secret of the rapid advancement of all lines of scholarlv work. The University of Minnesota mMWi 1 .ife. 4 i " J Jf W ' Jgtj1r:g! J " ! !f ' feifL ' " ' g l ' %.mi m 1 Ift ' ' - - ' l B% Chemistry — Dr. Frankforter ' s Office. The Library — Registrar ' s OfBce. Library— ThelCortile. The Graduate Department. From the very adoption ol ' the plan, llie transferring to the high sehools of the lower branches of university work has been the settled policy. The institution has also been pre])ar- ing to give instruc- tion, and indeed, is nowgiving it to grad- uates who desire to carry their sttidies fur- ther than the limits of an ordinary cur- riculum allow. This work, so long as the re- sources of the institu- tion are as small as at present in proportion to the number of stti- dents t h r o n g i n g its classrooms, must necessarily be subor- dinated to pressing duties. Still a goodly number of dcpnrt- mentshave made most commendable progress in attracting graduates to the University. Not only in the College of Science, Literature and the Arts, but in the College of Engineering, Met- allurgy and the Mechanic Arts and in the College of Law many are enrolled. In engineering, atten- tion is being given particularly to struc- tural engineering, locomotive engineer- ing, certain phases of electrical engineering and mining. But it is to the College of Sci- ence, Literature and the Arts that gradu- ate students come in large numbers. The following table shows the a 1 1 e n d a n c e and choice of subjects dur- ing the ctuTent year in that college: English, 2 4; R o m a n ce and French, 14; German, 12; Latin, 16; Greek,?; Economics, 20; History, 32; Geology and Mineralogy, 12; Chemistry, l.T; Physics, 11; Botany, 8; Zoology, 8; Psychologyand Philosophy, 19; Scandinavian,?; Astronomy, 3; Mathematics, 3; Pedagogy, 1 ; Semitic, 3; Military,!. liotany — The Library. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota Dean Hairs Office. 1 3 r ■.■•:-■: -ink W P gj 1 C7;cm s(rr — Sugar Laburatory. College of Engineering, Vletallurgy and the Mechanic Arts. This College dates from the adoption of the plan of the Ihiiveisitj ' , July 12tli, 1870. The organization was at that time the College of Agriculture and the Me- chanic Ai-ts and it was one of the two colleges first created. Arthur Beardsley, C. E., was the first professor. He held the chair of " Civil Engineering and Indus- trial Mechanics. " In 1872 two courses of study weie presented, civil engineering and mechanical engineering, each of two years ' length. The professional subjects embraced in these courses were somewhat crude and meagre, inasmuch as we find mathematics, mechanics, modern languages, English literature, ethics, polit- ical economy, the fine arts, linguistics, drawing, shop work and surveying, all embodied in a two years ' course of studj ' . In 1S73 Mitchell D. Rhame became I The Engineering Building. instructor in civil engineering and physics and in the year following, professor ot mechanical and civil engineering. In 1S74 the College of Mechanic Arts was sepa- rated from the College of .Agriculture. Until that year, 1 874-, the full degrees. Civil Engineer and Mechanical Engineer were offered. With the reorganization of the College of Mechanic .Arts alter the separation, the degree became that of bachelor in the respective engineering lines. In 1880, under a reorganization of some of the departments of the University, Professor Rhame retired, and William A. Pike was called to the chair of engineering, in charge of physics. Professor Pike brought and put into operation a unitpie plan of shop work and elementary professional practice known as the Russian system— a system The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota The Carpenter Shop. The Machine Shop, Tlje EnLrinc Room. planned solely tor instruction, in whicli the knowledge obtained is that ot jjrinci- j)les and processes rather than towards proficiency in any particular trade. S])ace forthis work was made in the basement of the Agricultural College building, which stood fioni 1874 to 1888 where now the buildingdevoted to chemistry and physics stands. The testing laboratory was located in the basement of the old building, where a fifty thousand pound Olscn machine was set up. The work soon outgrew its several cpiarters. Plans were proposed lor a new building .nnd soon took final shape In 18SG the present Engineering building was occupied and teehnical work became concentrated. With the occupancy of this liuilding a marked impetus was given to engineering work. The Artisans ' Training School was established and an additional line of usefulness was opened. This school, grouping sev- eral lines of special work, was a pioneer in the training of artisans. Though it has now been discontinued, during its existence it was especially helpful in directing the attention of the schools of the larger cities of the state to manual training courses. Wilbur F. Decker, Henrj ' M.Waitt and W. Frank Carr proved very efiicient assist- ants in this work. Mr. Decker assisted Professor Pike in the preparation of a Manual of Industrial Drawing still quite widelj ' used. In 1885 William R. Hoag and John H. Barr were appointed instructors, the former of civil and the latter of mechan- ical engineering. These two men were succes sively promoted until in 1890 they were full professors in their re- spective departments. The following year brought the resigna- tion of Professor Barr, and 18 ' J2 that of Dean Pike, who opened an office in Minneapolis as a consulting engineer. For the twelve years during which Mr. Pike had been successively professor, director, and dean of the College of Mechanic .Arts, he had rendered valuable service in the organization and upbuilding of the work. He remained one ear with the College as lecturer. After his resignation there was united witli the College of Mechanic Engineering — The Library. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota Civil En neering— Apparatus Room. Electrical EngiutcriV! — Dynamo Kooni. Arts the School of Mining anil Metallurgy ami a course in technical elieinistrv was added. The organization, then called The Ctillc c of Eiiginecrifif,-; Mctnl- hirgvand the Mechanic rts, consisted of courses in civil, mechanical and electrical engineering, architecture, raining, cheniistrj ' and metallurgy, with two courses in practical mechanics and a school of design, free-hand drawing and wood carving. In 1893 the course in architecture was discontinued, and in 1895, the .school of design, free-hand drawing and wood carving was modified into a course in indus- trial art, in connection with the department of drawing to which Professor Kirch- ner came in the fall of 1894. This work has developed rapidly and the department now consists of four instructors giving courses in drawing, and twelve in element- ary art and applied design. The School of Design built up through the personal efforts of Henry T. Ardley, its principal, occupied a field of great usefulness. But with the advance into technical lines of study and the heavy demands for funds in these directions a modification of the work of this school seemed necessary. Amalgamation and Leaching Plants. The several professional departments in this College are rapidly developing into lines of thorough professional training. The diflerence between the older courses in civil and mechanical engineering and those as they exist at present, in the proportion and scientific character of the professional work, is most marked. In the former, instruments of the highest precision are being secured and work ol corresi)onding type is aimed at. The To]30graphical Survey of the state now attached to this dejiartment, is jjroving a laijoratory of research work in cix ' il engineering. Esjiecial attention is also being given in this de])artment to struc- tural problems and designs. This work was expanded by Professor J. U. Wads- worth, from 1892 to 1895. Assistant Protiissor Frank H. Constant is now directing the work so ably developed by his predecessor. In the mechanical fielil, what was high engineering a few years ago is now relegated to mechanics and mechanics ' special courses, while testing and designing claim highest attention. True, the machine shop, pattern shop and engine room The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota Professor Appleby ' s Office. 71ie Stamp Mills. issay Laboratory. have been pushed forward in equipment and effieieney as rapidly as the resources of the University would permit. Yet it is a means to another and far higher end — the making of first-class engineers. Upon the resignation of Uean Pike, Instructor Harry E. Smith was made assistant professor and jilaced at the head of the de- partment. In 1S95 H. Wade Hil)l)ard was called to the College as an assistant ])rofessor. While devoting attention to machine de- sign he is developing im- port.ant courses in loco- motive engineering and car design. Electrical engineering is new. The catalogue of 1887 makes first mention of this work as ' a modifi- cation of the course in me- chanical engineering. " In two years substantial pro- gress had been made, for we read, " Frederick S. Jones, A. B., instructor in elec- tricity. " In 1 S90 E. P. Burch was assistant, and in the f o 1 1 o w i n g year George 1). Shepardson accepted the chair of electrical engineering. The remark- able advances of the last decade have marked out unexpected lines of usefulness in the field of electricity; already in 1891 this course had overtaken in number its older engineering associates. The annual enrollment has been, for 1889, 2; 1890, 6; 1891, 25; 1892, 45; 1893,59; 1894,64; 1895,56; 1896,78. It has proved an increasingly attractive field of en- gineering anticipation and enterprise. One of the interesting spots in this department is the dynamo room, containing engines, dynamos and motors to represent tyjies in construction and ad- justment, for special uses in the conserva- tion and application of electrical power. Chemistry is one of the new fields for the training of technological skill. A course in chemical engineering was first oft ' ered in 1892. The science in its wide and paramount applications in the arts, brings constantly increasing demands upon those entering it as a profession. The engineer in this field must have a thorough preparation in mathematics physics and metallurgy. Such preparation Co. ' fr.sf Concentration I ' hint. The University of Minnesota 1 fl6 « « - University of Minnesota Piae Crushing and Concentrating Plant. Chlorinntion Plant. he is here able to secure. It is interesting to note that this enterprise is opening a new field lo r the exercise ot woman ' s skill and capability. Already several ladies have entered the conrse and are preparing themselves in a most entlnisiastic way lor this field of professional activity. The School of Mining and Metallnrgy was organized in ISS!) to meet a de- mand for technical education of a kind called for in the development of the remarkable mining interests of the state. In 1891 William R. Ajjpleby was elected professor of mining and metallnrgy. The technical work of the school was thereupon opened. Its development has been such that in 1895 Frederick W. Denton, a mining engineer of much experience was called as associate of Professor Ajjpleby. This call was also in response to the voice of the state as expressed in legislative action. In 1.S95, $5,000 per year additional for the main- tenance of this school was almost nnanimonsly appropriated. The assay labora- tories and lecture rooms are located in Pillsbnry Hall. The laboratories for ore testing are perhaps the especial features of this school. In these are modern Crushing and Sampling I-Ittur. ap])liances on a commercial scale for testing ores of gold, silver and base metals. Stamping, concentration both coarse and fine, amalgamation, lixiviation and pre- paratory roasting are among the more prominent lines of examination and treat- ment to which ores are subjected. With the arrival of Professor Denton another important line of professional preparation is made possible. Field work in mining and metallurgy is now con- ducted. Four weeks each of sophomore and junior years aie given to mining work, mine surveying and the investigation of modern metallurgical plants. The annual enrollment of the school has been as follows: 1891, 3: 1892, 3; 1893, 17: 1.S94. 21; 1895, 24: and 1896, 36. In 1894 the College was greatly strengthened by calling Henry T. Eddv to the chair of engineering and mechanics. . n educator of wide experience, well- known as the author of many mathematical and physical papers. Dr. Eddv has already intiised strength and enthusiasm to an encouraging degree. The University of Minnesota it The University of Minnesota be A i ' vuiction of this College which should here be recorded is the l)iiil(liiig u]) ol ' technical libraries within the several professional departments. These arc com- posed of the latest technical and general works, files of all the leading periodicals devoted to each jjarticular subject, charts and other related material. A most excellent working librar in a well arranged reading room, is to be fonnd in the Engineering bnilding. The libraries of chemistry, electrical engineering, geology, and mining and metallurgy are also sufficiently extensive to afford reference facil- ities for a wide range of research work. The College of Agriculture. The ])hysical conditions of Minnesota have made agriculture an educational field of peculiar importance. It was named as one of the five departments consti- tuting the University of the Territory of Minnesota in the act of 1851. In 1858 The Dininff Hall. " an Agricultural SchooFby the name and style of the Agricultural College of the State of Minnesota " was organized, located two miles from where Glencoe now stands, and placed under the control of the State Agricultural Society. " The Agricultural College of Minnesota " resulted fiom an amendment to previous leg- islation approved March 2, 1865, and was designed to receive the lands donated to the state by Congress under the Morrill act. Three years later a further act was passed consolidating all grants for agriculture, placing the same in the hands of the Regents of the University of Minnesota, and repealing all earlier inconsistent legislation. The College of .Agriculture was one of the department s of the University thus re-created. A preparatory department of the college was opened in Septem- The University of Minnesota The t University of Minnesota ber, 1868, which enrolled fifteen students. The chair of practical and theo- retical agiicultnre was established in 1869. The attendance in this depart- ment has never been large; indeed, no other result could be expected in an insti- tution built as was this in a community living upon a soil so rich and varied, and with land so cheap and return for labor so munificent that science was indeed a lu. xn ' y upon every farm in the commonwealth. One student took the course in agriculture and graduated before President Northrop arrived. Many others had entered, prosecuted their work for a time and then dropped out of the University altogether or entered other colleges and prepared for professional life. The situa- tion was one of solicitude in the deliberations of the Board of Regents for years. They gave it their especial attention at the start. They had done everything that could reasonabU ' be done to make the work attractive and give the farmers ' boys the education they ought to receive in the way of preparation for farmers ' work. The door had lieen swung quite open and the way had been made plain. In 1874. The Library. the President of the University advised that lectures in the College of Agriculture " be open to all comers; that no conditions be put upon admission except a regis- tration and a general pledge to punctual attendance. " A plan in short which " proposes to go to work without any theorj ' ; to take such students as can be had and give them such instruction about their business as thej ' desire to be given and are competent to acquire. " Such was the situation when President Nor- throp entered upon his work, and it continued practically unchanged until 1888. The various lines of work in the College of .Agriculture had at all times been in the hands of competent men. Daniel A. Robertson was the first professor of agri- culture. Upon his resignation the farm superintendent took charge. " Under his judicious and industrious management the fencing of the farm [was] completed. " In 1872 Professor D. P. Strange was called. He was endowed with admirable qualities. In 1874 he in turn was followed by Chas. Y. Lacy, and in 1880 Edward D. Porter came to the College as professor of agriculture, to resign in 1888 and Tlu- Home Hiiildinn. accept the directorship of the Missouri Experiment Station. Hewas succeeded liy Professor Willet M. Ha_ves who, although for two years away from the state, is the present incumbent. While the Universit y course in agriculture includes consid- erable practical work, yet it is largely scien- tific. The four funda- mental sciences in ag- riculture are botany, physiology, chemistry and physics. Four terms each must be taken in two of these subjects ami two terms in each of the other two, making twelve terms required in the four subjects, I i WPl F - ' " li " " . - — L.f ' VSBPSteaiiMHS H that is, twentv-five t ' -.. ■■■ I " f I |. § • ---t pej- cent of the entire I ' ni versify course. Further e 1 e c t i v e s in mineralogy, geology, astronomy and other sciences make possible the presentation of fifty per cent of scientific work. The practical work is broad and comprehensive. It is fitting that a word more be said about the fiirmers ' lecture courses. In 1875 a convention of farmers was called at the Agricultural College building and a course attempted ; but the farmers did not want it. So the ])roject rested until January, 188 2, when a course was inaugurated by the Hon. Geo. B. Lor- ing. United States Commissioner of Agriculture. That was indeed an im- portant day in the history of the Agri- cultural College. These courses were continued with some of the most eminent men in the country as leaders. Professor Brewer, of Yale and Hon.W. P. Hazard, of Pennsyl- vania, were perhaps the foremost among them. The changed conditions of the country as seen when the situation of twenty- TIic Armory. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota five 3 ' ears ago is viewed in tlie light of present surroundings, suggest that agricul- tural colleges have for their special function the education of men for schools and colleges of practical agriculture, investigators at experiment stations, experts on dairy and food commissions, and whenever the work assumes a highly technical character. But the development of intelligent, practical, scientific and successful agriculturists is specifically the function of the agricultural school rather than the agricultural college. The two special features in the development of agricultural education in Min- nesota have been: First, the institution of the School of .Agriculture ; second, the establishment of the .Agricultural Experiment Station. The Agricultural School. The .Agricultural School was opened October 18, 1888. There were enrolled the first year forty-seven students. This school is the outgrowth of much anxious m tflfTijr iMi ' If ' i The Dairy Hall. deliberation and carefid planning on the part ot the Regents. The member who gave it at its founding the most careful consideration and brought to the discus- sion the ripest experience in educational aftairs, was D. L. Kiehle, then State Sup- erintendent of Public Instruction. As a nieniber of the Board of Regents he gave direction to the final action of that body. He had in mind a school for farmers ' boys in the most explicit meaning of that term. The school was opened with much confidence in the result. That confidence was not misplaced. It has proved to be just the institution the agricultural interests of the state needed. The school has steadily advanced in every element of strength and usefulness since the open- ing year. In no small degree has the credit for this result been due to the faculty of the school. In 1888 the roster was as follows: Principal, W.W. Pendergast; Assistant Principal, H. W. Brewster; Teacher of Horticulture and Botany, S. B. Green; Penmanship and Accounts, D.W. Sprague; Animal Bree ding, VV. M. Hayes; Carpentry and Drawing, C. R. Aldrich ; Physiology, Olaf Schwartzkopf. The course of study requires a fair common school education for admission. It ex- tends through three sessions of six months each. The school has taken on a double fimction ; first, training of expert farmers, and second, prejiaring for the University course in agriculture. In the eight years of its existence, experience has shown that it offers more practical work than any other .Agricultural School in America. All the lines of agricultural work taught cannot be named. One or two can be selected. The art of making butter and cheese is taught by one of the most accomplished experts to be foirad. Combined with the importance of dairying to the people of the state and the very best facilities for becoming proficient in the art, this work should maintain a fore- most place in the School. It also forms a very important featvire of the Summer School which has been in operation two seasons. Dairy Hall.— The Butter Room. In the fall of 1S91 the Dairy School opened with twenty-eight students. In the summer of lS9-t the Summer School for ladies gave instruction to fifty-nine students. The enrollment for the first seven years of the School of Agriculture is shown in the following tabulation ; RBGULAR DAIRY SUMMER COLLEGK COURSE SCIlOOl, SCHOOL COl ' RSE TOTAL 1888-9 47 47 1889-90 78 5 7S 1890-1 . 104 109 1891-2 88 28 3 M9 1892-3 114 30 7 151 1893-1. 144 59 7 210 1894-5 204 109 59 9 360 The problem of the education of agricultural communities has been con- fronted in every state. Throughout the country this School is recognized as the The University of Minnesota The « University of Minnesota Minnesota plan. Itssiiccess is phenomenal, for itliasevolvedfromtlieexperimental stage into a permanent condition. Committees from other states have come to see its work. England, Germany, Russia, Japan, Canada and Republics of South America, by visits and correspondence, have sought information on the methods employed and the elements of success. Many other states have modeled their schools after it. Out of the number who have attended thus far one only has failed to return to the farm after graduation. We are indeed proud that this department of the I ' niversity is fulfilling the expectations of those by whom it was established. On Principal Pendergast ' s call to the state superintendency of Public In- struction, Dr. Brewster became Principal in charge, which position he has since held. Other changes in the Faculty have occured, some of which can be seen by comparing the above list with that of the present teaching force. Dairv Hall— The Clieesi: Room. In broadening the field of study as time goes on and as the public .schools of the state furnish more thoroughly prepared material, the one thing sought for in the maintenance of this school will never knowingly be imperiled. Experi- ence has shown that in spite of a hard and persistent fight the Agricultural College educated its boys and girls away from the farm. The school was founded not only for the farm, but towai ' ds the farm. Its history shows that it is most effectually performing that service for the commonwealth. Student life in the school is made educative and attractive. No pains are spared to surround the young men with every comfort of a home. The rooms of the dormitories are spacious; the facilities for v -ork and exercise sufficient for vigorous health. A large and well-lighted dining hall at stated hours is the busiest department of the school. t ' enilcr ast Hall. The Agricultural Experiment Station. Before the appropriation Ijy Coiifjrcss of money for the support of agricul- tural experimentation in tlic several states, the Regents organized the State Experiment Sta- tion of Minne- sota, as directed by law approved March 7, 1885. Dr. Porter was its director. The divisions of agriculture, horticulture, en- tomology, bot- any, agi ' icultural chemistry and veterinary were established and a specialist was chosen at the head of each di- vision. Since that time dairy husbandry and animal husliandry have been added. The Station has published considerable ma- terial relating to the several branches of agricultural science; memoirs and briefer papers have ajiijcared in the . ' nnual Reports of the Station and in the series ol forty-four Bulletins thus far issued. In addition, the officers of the Station have prepared much copy for the agricultural press of the state and for the publica- tions of various agricultu- ral and related associa- tions. The Station is an important aid to the School of Agi ' iculture and to every line of agricultural work, both theoretical and applied, carried on by the I ' niversity. Although only eight years old the Exper- iment Station has accomp- lished much good in everv ,. , ., 1 ' The Gymnasium. Ime ot work it has con- ducted. When it shall become fully equipped with men, apparatus and materi. ' il it will do a far greater work in benefiting the commonwealth than it is doing at present or can point to in the past. The following lines of work may be mentioned as already opening rich The University of Minnesota -67- The University of Minnesota The Chemi, fields of return : Investigations regartiinjj varieties of grains, grasses and other forage plants and their adaptation to Minnesota soil and climate; the adap- tation to different sections of the state of vegetables, small fruits, forest and ornamental trees; tests of numerous seedling, small and tree fruits originated in the state and placed under trial by distribution. We Can point with pride to the work being done in the way of originating vari- eties of wheat, oats, bar- ley, corn, timothy, clover and other grains and for- age crops for adaptation to Minnesota soils and climate. Many of the ordinary farming opera- tions are being investi- gated, particularly those which deal with field and garden tillage; the furrow slice and the conservation of moisture around the roots of growing plants; tlie management of fields and the rotation of crops. In the line of chemical investigation we commend the work which the Experi- mental Station has done in the investigation of food stuffs, sugar beets and chemical studies instituted in an e.xtended examination of Minnesota soils. . study has been made of the chemical history of several im- portant agricultural plants ; extensive experiments have been performed with live stock. Studies have been made of the cooking of Inunan foods. Ev- ery aspect of the dairy indus- try is receiving careful and sci- entific attention. The Station has begun extensive lines of research in connection with the diseases of animals; valuable results to the state are already being realized, especiallyin the practical m e as u res being adopted to lessen the amount of bovine and indirectly of human tuberculosis. A most complete hospital for the treatment of animal diseases and experimentation upon the same has been provided. Experiments on new plans of medication for horses promise most satisfactory results. In entomology valuable work has been done; we need only mention the restriction upon the ravages of the Rocky Mountain locust and The Veterinary Hospital. cliinch bug. The ex- perimental work is constantly increasing in importance. The size of the state and its varied conditions of soil and climate have led the fanners to call for several sub- stations in addition to the central one, the farm. The last Legislature appropri- ated $20,000 for the _. _, „ establishment of two The Sheep Barn. such stations and $10,000 for their support. Such is the record of eight years of active existence. The College of Law. The conservative tendency of the governing power of the University is shown in no better way than in the organization of the professional schools of the in- stitution. The College of Law is eminently the outgrowth of the strong public sentiment in the state for such a school. Many inquiries from those wishing to become students in 1887 and preceding years lead the Regents to believe that a law department in the University would meet a real want of the commonwealth ; accordingly, in 1888 they voted to establish the department. Honorable William S. Pattee, of Northfield, was elected to the Deanship of the College at the meeting held in March. The history of the school has proved this a most excellent choice. Dean Pattee had since 1874 been a resident of the state; he had won high reputation as teacher in the years during which he was at the head of the Northfield Public Schools. As a lawyer he had guarded the welfare of that city in several legal battles during the years it was his home. His researches into the philosophy and sci- ence of law had been the recreation of a busy life. Service in the Legislature had The Library. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota The Law Buikling. Dean Pattce ' s Office. accustomed liini to ])arlianietitar_v practice. In the work of instruction a number of the ablest lawyers in the state have been invited to take important lecture- ships. Courses of lectures from several of these jjentlemen have been secured. With a generous regard for the legal education they gave of their ability and cxjie- rience, and in many instances without compensation. The names of such noted lawyers as Senator S.J. K. McMillan, Hon. Gordon E. Cole, Hon. Chas. D. Kerr, Hon. G. C. Ri])ley, Hon. James (). Pierce, Hon. Clu-is. E. Flandreau, Hon. J. M. Shaw and Hon. C. D. O ' Brien appear in the first published roster of the faculty of the department. The department was opened for teaching in September, 1888. There were about thirty students present when Dean Pattee delivered the opening lecture in the old Chapel in University Hall. During that year the number increased to sixty-seven; from that time until the present there has been a rapid and uninter- rupted growth, both in the number of students and the efficiency of the College, until there are three hundred and sixty-three students and more than twenty pro- fessors, teachers and lecturers. With per- haps one exception, that in New YorU, there has never been such a rapid develop- ment of a law schoolin this or any other coun- try and it is wholly without parallel if we consider the fact that the institution started deiiovo and not as an offshoot from some other kindred school. From a day school with one course the first has devel- oped through a single course ot two years into a day and night school, each with a course of study extending over three years. In addition to this there is a graduate course of one year, attended only by those who have received the degree of I-L. B. from this or some other law school of equal rank. The graduate courses in law are rapidly becoming a marked feature of the College. The table of attendance given below shows the ajipreciation of stu- dents. It is regarded as the most valuable year in the school by all whose circum- stances will permit their attendance. In these courses Minnesota practice, ])olit- ical science, iiulustrial and constitutional law form the more important subjects. One adjunct of tlie College which ha played no unimportant part in its suc- cess is the large and convenient building devoted to its work. It was erected in 1 889 and comprises sufficient lecture rooms for the needs of the corps of instruct- ors. This building also contains a good and rapidly growing law library arranged in a large and well lighted reading room. Already several thousand .4 Lecture Room. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota volumes. The generous attitude of the state in furnishing puljlications for ex- change has placed the school in a position to command within a few years to come one of the largest working law libraries in the country. Dean Pattee has devoted himself wholly to the interests of the College. His skill as a teacher, his wise administration and his attractive personality have won the highest success in broader and more essential fields than mere numbers, either in students or teachers, could have shown. Further it may be said, and that without any comparison with other most excellent men, that Mr. James Paige has been since 1891 a most faithful and efficient member of the Lavv ' Faculty. He has prepared several volumes of cases of a verj ' high order of excellence, which are used with satisfaction in other law schools, and his lectures used in connection with these books are most methodi- cally arranged and clearly stated. His quizzes during the last term of the year are exceedingly searching and helpful. The following table shows the enrollment in organization : 1889 4 1890 45 89 134 1891 59 Middle .... 63 117 Graduate st Tot, udents... 4I.S .. . 67 176 19 138 229 le Col lege ot Law since its 1893 1894 1895 1896 110 114 117 20 26 25 140 145 168 7 25 24 277 310 334 363 The University of Minnesota The Department of Medicine. The original College of Medicine of the University of Minnesota existed in the institution merely as an examining board organized during the vear 1883 and discontinued by the Regents in the spring of 1888. It was the outgrowth of a statute providing for a State Board of Medical Examiners and that the pro- visions of the law should be administered by the Faculty of the University Medical College. It was the duty of the Faculty to test and ascertain by exami- nations, experiments and other appropriate means the fitness of candidates for the practice of medicine in Minnesota, and to recommend them to the Board of Regents for the appropriate degrees. No instruction was ever given by this College. The idea prevailed that no degrees in medicine should be given by a teaching Faculty who would thereby sit in judgment on their own pupils. The adoption of the present medica l law in 1887 relieved the Faculty of duty as an examining board and retirement resulted as soon as the law came into full effect. Touching the administration of the first Department of Medicine these points may be briefly stated. The first Faculty and State Board of Examiners organ- ized consisted of Dr. Chas. N. Hewitt, Red Wing, Secretary of the State Board of Health, as chairman; and Dr. Perry H.Millard, secretary and executive officer. The other members were Dr. Franklin Staples, of Winona, Profes.sor of the Practice of Medicine; Dr. Daniel W. Hand, of Saint Paul, Professor of Obstet- rics and the Diseases of Women and Children ; Dr. Chas. E. Smith, of Saint Paul, Professor of Materia Medica and Theraijeutics ; Dr. George W. Wood, of Fari- bault, Professor of Diseases of the Nervous System and of Medical Jurisprudence, and Dr. Charles Simpson, of Minneapolis, Professor of Pathologv. The degree given was Bachelor of Medicine. The University of Minnesota For some years before the institution of a teaching department of Medicine in the University there had been a strong feeling on the part of the physicians in the state that a college of high rank for education in medicine should be opened. The preliminary steps were slowly and carefully taken. Dean Millard had repeatedly urged that the time was ripe, that the auspicious moment had arrived. Yet many things served to delay, as in many an important undertaking, and full fruition was slowly attained. The president immediately upon his arrival in 18S-t saw that the field existed for a good teaching school of medicine. He therefore strongly .seconded Dean Millard ' s efforts and with the able assistance of such eminent practitioners as Doctors D. W. Hand, F. A. Dunsmoor, John E. Felton and others, the cornerstone was laid and the superstructure soon appeared. MciJicul Hall. The Department of Medicine thereupon organized embraced : First, the College of Medicine and Surgery. Second, the College of Homeopathic .Medicine and Surgery. Third, the College of Dentistry. The De])artment of Medicine now in operation differs fundamentally from the college which it displaced in that this is a teaching body; that was an examining board. Instruction was arranged in three distinct courses, one for each ol the colleges with a number of the subjects as chemistry, anatomy and other primary branches common to all. Re |uirements for admission v ' ere placed high tor that time— only eight years ago— that the profession might be elevated and the hands of the other professional schools throughout the country strengthened. For a time teaching was conducted in the old Medical buildinf; in Saint Paul and in the Hospital College building in Minneapolis. The three colleges above named constituted the entire department until the year 1892, when the College ot Pharmacy was added by the Legislature which appropriated $5,000 therefor and directed its establishment. At the reorganization in the institution of the teaching colleges in 1SS8, Dr. Millard was made Dean ol " the department and thus continued so long as the aflairs ol the colleges were jointly administered. He was assisted by a secretary in each college. The growth of the department and the development of the char- acteristic features of the respective schools led the authorities to eftect a reorgani- zition under which each college was in charge of its respective Dean. This re- organization occured in 1893, and Dean Millard of the department of Medicine continued as Dean of the College of Medicine and Surgery; Dr. H. W. Brazie was a])]Jointed Dean of the College of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery ; Dr. C. M. Bailey, Dean of the College of Dentistry ; F. J. Wulling, in 1892 electe d Professor of Pharmacy, was at the reorganization in the following year made Dean of the College of Pharmacy. These gentlemen, previous to the reorganization, had served as secretaries of tlieir respective faculties. The only subsequent changes in the heads of the several colleges are these: Dr. A. P. Williamson has been for the past year and is now Dean of the College of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery, in place of Dean Brazie; Dr. Suddnth who for two years was Dean of the College of Denti.stry, resigned in the spring of 1895, and his place was filled by theapjioint- ment of Dr. Thomas E. Weeks. liiiildinffs: The properties originally used for teaching were rented by the Regents for the nominal sum of one dollar jier year. The first building of the department u])on tlie Campus, now called Medical Hall, was erected under an appropriation of the legislature in 1891 and occupied in October, 1892. .Almost at the same time the smaller building, still in use as a chemical laboratory, was completed and occupied. The former structure cost $65,000 and the latter $6,500. Just occupied at the present writing is a new and beautiful light brick structure, facing Pleasant Street, in the rear of the Chemical and Physical labora- tories. This building was erected and ecpiipjicd for $-iO,000, appropriated by the legislature ot 1895. It marks an epoch in medical education in the state and deserves more than mere mention. It is constructed to meet high scien- tific demands. It consists of three stories and a high basement, 75 by 150 feet in area. In construction it is slow burning. The east half of the south pavilion is devoted to the College of Pharmac - and is separated from the other compart- ments by a fire wall. The remainder of the building accomtuodates (1) the labo- ratories of histology and embryology, (2) the laboratories of pathology and bacteriology, (3) the laboratoi-ies of phj-siology. A special feature of the base- ment is a series of capacious cages, aquaria, breeding pens, two large experimen- tal rooms for work in bacteriology and pathology, another for embryologv, together with the necessary preparation and store rooms for can-ying on the work assigned to the building. The first floor is devoted to histology and contains pri- vate laboratories and research rooms for Dr. Lee and the other officers of the department, perfectly lighted students ' laboratories, and the necessarv lecture rooms. On this floor there are also rooms for the bacteriological work of the State Board of Health, of which board Professor Wesbrook is bacteriologist. The second floor comprises a general laboratory of pathology and bacteriology, The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota 44- b.v 72 feet, with attached preparation room, office and private laboratory of Dr. Wesbrook; also a demonstration room and a laboratory in physiology. The Anipitheatre extends from this floor to the roof and will accommodate more than two hundred students. On the third floor, so far as it is not taken up by the amphitheatre, are the photogi ' aphic laboratories and the mnseum with its several work and preparation rooms. Taking it all in all this building is affirmed to be the most perfect and complete for the uses to which it is devoted to be found in the United States. The securing of this building makes possible a I ' eadjustment of work in the Laboratory Building, under which the chemical laboratories will occupy its entire space. This extension will enable Professor Bell to develop the Department of Chemistry along greatly needed lines of practice and research. The total cost of the buildings to the jjresent time as shown above is not fa r from $111,500. Contemporaneous with the inauguration of the four years ' courses in the Col- leges of Medicine and Surgery and of Homeopathy, the occupancy of the new Labo- ratory Building means more than the mere ad- ilition of facilities for instruction. The de- velopment of bacteri- ology by the appoint- ment of Dr. F. F. Wes- brook, who entered upon his duties in Oc- tober last, and the lengthening of the time given to this branch ; the development of the work in histology, and the emphasis placed xipon chemistry and biology as subjects for admission, all point to more exacting and more scientific courses in medicine than have ever before been required in the western states. Conditions are clearly pointing to the requirement in the near future of a full college course of respectable rank for admission to this vigorous group of colleges. In speaking of the leading features of the diftcrent colleges in this department it is natural to speak first of the College of Medicine and Surgery, since this has in several ways played a leading part in the development of the department. This college aims at no especial and strong features, but rather to be and con- tinue to be a well-balanced organization. That it is such is shown by the fact that over ninety-nine per cent of its students have passed successtully the test of examination. Inasmuch as Michigan shows only ninety-four per cent, the high figure of Minnesota is suggestive. The College of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery shows an equally credit- able record. The cities of Saint Paul and Miimeapolis for a quarter century have Meclicat Chemistry Laboratory. 3c 0nJ Floor Pl«n LAbor ilor o( Univ ' etjily of Alinnoolfl 3c ,l, of Tit t ; i- - ' f J The «J8 University of Minnesota ru,t ric,.., pu 1 lie « f t University of Minnesota Histolagy — General htthoratnry. Histolag-y ami Embryology — General Lnborntory. been a center of homeopathic patronage and interest. Hospitals and cUnics oflor unrivaled advantages to students for those practical points so essential in the professional education of successful physicians. The gentlemen who occupy the several chairs in this College are enthusiasts; they have won high reputations in their respective specialties and have given to the College a reputation second to none forthoroughness and efficiency. The seven years ' existence of the College of Dentistry has been a period of un- interrupted success and usefulness. The last four years have been passed upon the Campus. The effort of the Faculty from the vei ' v outset has been first of all to secure the very best preparation possible in the constituency for entrance upon professional studies, and secondly, to give such thorough scientific training as will make the student read} ' for the Ijest professional work. The central idea of the institution is that dentistry is a healing art. The ideal has always been high; accordingl} ' , graduate work and original research have been offered and strongly encouraged. It is a matter of pride that no graduate of the college has yet failed to pass the required examination Ijefore the State Board of Dental Examin- ers. The following features of the college are named because they are believed to be unique: The dental branches are taught by manual training and laboratory methods; the instruction from the rostrum is intended only to direct the various operations; members of the Faculty are constantly in attendance in infirmary and laboratory; the scientific and professional laboratories of the whole Univer- sity are brought into use in perfecting the education of students. B}- rela- tionship with the whole University, the broadest university spirit is cultivated. The College of ijharmacy, although the youngest in this group of colleges, is proving a most vigorous associate. The laboratory ' method is a marked feature of its work. The new building into which the college has but recently moved will give much needed space for the develoijnient of this peculiar feature of the college work and soon render it the most conspicuous one. Eight thousand feet of floor space are devoted to it; the basement affording a laboratory for pharmaceutical chemistry and storage; the first floor, the office and space for botany and pharmacognosy; the pharmacological laboratories and prescription department occupy the upper floors. The various steps that have been taken to advance the standard of theseveral colleges by requiring higher attainments for admission, longer attendance on lectures an d more hours of daily application have never diminished the attend- ance. It is everywhere recognized that in no department of learning are inferior attainments so dangerous as in medicine. Numbers have uninterruptedly in- creased from the opening of the department until the present time. With the cur- rent year all courses in medicine have been increased to four years. Students, however, coming fi-om accredited colleges may, by submitting satisfactory credits in chemistry and biology, complete their course in three years. The en- rollment of the several colleges from the institution of the department to the cur- rent year has been as follows: 1889 Medicine and Surgery.. 75 Homeo. Med. and Sur.. 13 Dentistry 22 PharniacT Unclasseci students 6 Graduate students Total students 116 Total graduated 1890 1891 1892 1893 1894 189S 87 124 133 138 169 206 .s 15 19 24 17 29 28 36 39 58 40 64 11 20 26 i 15 34 10 38 52 127 190 225 271 284 378 58 50 77 The University of Minnesota v 1 nc fe 3 University of Minnesota Pharmacological L,abora torv. Pburmacy — J ahnratorv I ' hnrnmcognosy. Laboratory of Medical Clicwifitry. With such a record who can deny that the Medical Department of the Univer- sity of Minnesota has been one of the most successful ever founded in America and that its future is remarkably bright and hopeful. t f f The i|uarter of a century of the University ' s existence has been one uninter- rupted period of rapid expansion in every line of educational activity. No- where is this develop- ment more apparent than in the general li- brary, to which we all look w i t h e s p e c i a 1 pride. President Fol- well took this line of work under his charge at the very outset and piloted it through the dark days of the Uni- versity ' s early history, until toda3 ' it com- prises upwards of 40,000 volumes, care- fulh ' selected. Atten- tion has Ijeen directed in late years toward jilacing in the General Library such books and periodicals as pertain to the lines of study and research carried on at the institution. Its present location in the new building makes its facilities for access unex- celled. Students are permitted to handle the books freely and urged to use them as tools in the prose- cution of the different phases of intellectual work. Side by side with the General Library are grouped many special libraries of the greatest impor- tance and convenience to those students who are engaged in special lines of investigation. In ninnber and char- acter the publications placed in these libra- ries are an excellent selection of standard works relating to spe- cial subjects. The Law Library, that of Medicine, Agriculture, the several lines of Engineering, Botany, Zoology, Geology, Chemistry, Greek and Latin can only be enumerated. Detiti try — The Operating Room. The University of Minnesota The University of Minnesota Pliysiulu y — Laboratory. Bacteriology —Culture Room, Intimately associated vvitli the intellectual life of the University are the numer- ous literary societies which meet once a week and afford excellent opportunities for practice in extenii)oraneous speaking and parliamentary procedure, cultivating those qualities which aid in projecting an educated man or woman into the activi- ties of life. From the very first much attention was given to oratorv and debat- ing. This has been greatly stimulated through the active interest of Regent Pillsbur -, who for some years has amuially given three prizes in oratorv. Simultaneous with the department libraries, various societies and journal clubs have been organized ior the advancement of learning and general culture among the students in the different departments. The University, though .strictly non-sectarian, is not without the healthful and stimulating influence of numerous religious organizations. These organizations have steadily grown in prosperity and are an imjiortant factor in university life. A special feature of their usefulness is in the interest which these organizations take in securing rooms, boarding places and employment for new stiulents as they enter at the beginning of the year. The social interests of university life are largely centered about the fraternities, which, in all their essential features, are like those of other institutions. Over twenty different fraternities and sororities have an existence here, but by far the larger portion of the student body is still outside of the fraternity circles. In athletics there has grown up a general interest. The base ball and foot ball teams have won nianj ' laurels for the institution, and Field Day is always looked to as one of the interesting events of Commencement week. The University of Minnesota Record of Attendance in the Several Lines of Work in the University, 1867=1896. YRAR Latin and Prep. School of Agric. Artisan Sum. School Special All Aca- demic Grad- uates Profes- sional Totals In- struc- tors 1867 72 109 213 245 254 204 216 183 131 111 138 187 190 108 56 71 53 59 54 113 98 52 46 46 72 109 230 301 321 265 289 287 247 267 304 371 386 308 271 355 356 278 310 411 412 491 793 1002 1195 1374 1680 1723 2171 2453 3 1868 .3 1869 3 12 17 3+ 15 29 14 36 59 70 66 41 38 47 66 57 61 50 +3 57 87 101 134 110 218 252 185 14 44 50 27 58 75 92 120 143 114 130 159 176 135 104 97 110 132 194 246 287 369 464 503 620 633 762 1005 5 1870 1871 9 1872 1 2 1873 13 1874 13 1S75 1876 14 1877 2 18 1 878 1 9 1S79 1880 17 1881 64 93 12+ 169 68 86 41 113 115 100 74 89 71 192 262 234 1 9 9 10 17 25 22 21 34 48 45 70 95 121 89 137 1882 21 1883 188+ 30 1885 is " 14 10 +7 78 104 129 136 188 281 3S1 1886 31 1887 33 1888 98 1889 177 260 374 443 490 531 645 764 1890 70 1891 1892 1893 1894 1895 1896 113 119 144 156 165 177 The University of Minnesota a QO ■a c o Ml O CI CO " 0 r- ' r : i-i -+ CO 1- iM : : M : . h tc m : eo ci m ■ : i : ■ : :iOHrH in X ffl 00 t-(001 M :M- rHt-iCI : :HrHr- : -01- :xtoo HCOH : .: ::Xr-:co 01 X HtD- ■ HN ' two : ;r-( ; : ; : ;t t- ;iffco : X ■ M 01 00 onDi-ir :HCtM- : : : : : :« . :«tJ " : rHrHrH : j : j : j : : If) I j « : ■ in CO i § 00 " oi " X 00 ri 00 X x t- X X r-t 10 ' t H . ; : cr. H r : ■ : . : : : : oj : : co t : r rHH : 1 : ::;::: I :- l- : :« : OMH::i- :oim:::::::::o; Nto: 01 t-l T-( : ■ • :■:.::::: ; :« ; in OW- ;ri:Hr N : : .1- : :: : : :: :: ri H : : : . : : : :;::!:::: X n t NiOr :w :rHH :::: H ::::::«:: : H : : i i : 1 :::::: : . : (0 X X H totoo : :eo : : lO in cocoiD .H« :NH : : ; :ri ; ; ; ; : ;m • ; : X : : :::::::::;::: 2 i ; : i : i ! ; M i i M -+ 0)0)eo : :?l :fQ » : i ■ ' H : : : X CO coNt : : ; :mh ::::::::::::::: 00 : : : ; :::::;::::::::: X : : : : ::::;::::::::: Hi : : : : ::::::::::::;:: 10 w HOir-t :rH ; : ■ T -r ' . : : : X : : : . rH : : : : m CO X oot H ■ : : : iH H : . : : X C-I O X X -toi- H 1 : : : X 01 1 X o to : : : : i t- iH : ; : : X 1 : : : ■ tH 1 : • : : CI X X H loxH : i ; i i- " " i 1 ; i i : : i 1 i i : i ; i in H ( X H oicc- : : : : : :::. rH ::;;:::;:: : H 1 H H to X 1 «•« : : i : " 10 X 11 coNH : : : :rt 31 X H H H M CO X H « n _ 3 2 Ph m i -WW ; ! i i : ! : i ! i i : f- Regents The Regents. Next in importance to the University itself is its Board of Regents. This is the great motive power upon which depends the growth and progress, and even the very existence of the University. Everything depends upon the character of the men composing this board. The position of regent is indeed an important one, and it is not surprising that those, who are looking to the building up of a great educational institution which shall be the cap stone of our magnificent public school system, have at times expressed great fears that, since the Regents are appointed by the Governor of the state, political preferences might creep in and prevent the selection of men best qualified to discharge the sacred duties of Regent of the University of Minnesota. Such fears are not at all imrcasonable, for, when a]jpointments are made for jiolitical reasons elements which produce strife, contention, incompetency and financial disaster are introduced. The Uni- versity of Minnesota has .since its foundation been fortunate in the selection of its Regents. Men of merit and ability have generally been selected. Politics have never had any bearing in the management of its affairs. For more than thirty years the members of the Board of Regents have been men of influence in public affairs. They have been selected with a view to make the University what the early pioneers of this state intended it to be, viz., the crowning figure of our mag- nificent public school system, and second to none among the great universities of the land. Nearly every executive has appreciated this fact, that fitness alone and not location or reward for political services should govern his appointments. This is the only course to pursue for the upbuilding and success of a university. No man should be placed on this board because he has rendered some political service, or because he seeks the position and presses his suit, but only because he can and will give his time and thought ibr the advancement of the University out ol the love which he has for it. During the last few years, since the University has attained such great success and influenccmany persons who were poorly rpialified have sought to be appointed on the Board of Regents. Their object was not so much for the influence or the help which they could render the institution, as for the honor and public notice which they considered the position would bring them. Such men are prompted only by selfish motives and shoidd not be noticed in the selection of Regents. Then there are those who have been appointed on state boards and who wish to remain and have their names appear as regents or directors after having been elected to other positions which take them away from the state for the greater portion of the year; or, it may be that they are placed xipon the judicial bench. No person, in our opinion, should be permitted to liold the position of regent who cannot attend the meetings of the board or perform his ])ortion of the work, or cannot contribute of his ability and thought for the success of the institution whose management has been entrusted to hnn. It is wrong for am ' one to hold such a position and thtis oblige his associates to perform his share of the labors. The Honorable Mark Dunnell, who was a member of the Board of Regents for many years, resigned his position as regent as soon as he was elected to Congress, saying that no man should hold such a position unless he could perform its duties, and this could not be done by one who filled a seat in the United States Congress. — 85 — Board of Regents In our opinion lie was right. Governor Marshall, also an early nictnber of the Board of Regents for many years, became so situated that he could not devote the time and attention that he felt dutj ' bound to give to the affairs of the institu- tion. He felt that he was not doing justice to the position entrusted to him and resigned, much against the wishes of his associates on the board. Thk GoniER hopes that such a spii ' it of patriotic loyalty may ever in the future continue to be the guiding star of the Hoard of Regents of the University of Minnesota, and that only such men may l)e appointed as regents who love the institution and the grand work it is doing. Regent for Life Board of Regents. Hon. John S. Pillsiwrv, Minneapolis, - . _ . President of the Board. Born at Sutton, N. H., July 29, 182S. Received a common school educa- tion and engaged in business. Came to Minnesota in 18,55. Served in the Civil War in the 1st, 2d and 3d Minnesota Regiments. Elected to the State Senate in 1863 and served till 1876. Elected Governor of .Minnesota in 1875 and served six years. Appointed Regent in 1863. Hon. David M. Clough, Minneapolis. ------- Ex-OfRcio The Governor of the State. Born at L ' me, N. H., 18+6. Came to Minnesota at the age of ten. Engaged in farming till 1S73, when he moved to Minneapolis to devote him- self to the lumbering business. Elected to the State Senate in 1886, and Lieutenant Governor in 1S95. Became governor in 1895 upon the resigna- tion of Governor Nelson. Cyrus Northrop, LL. D., Minneapolis, ------ Ex-OfHcio The President of the University. Born in Ridgefield, Conn., 1834. Prepared at Williston Seminary and entered Yale in 1852. Graduated from Harvard Law School in 1860. Prac- ticed law and edited the ' " Daily Palladium " till 1863, when he was appointed professor of rhetoric at Vale. .Appointed [ ' resident of the University of Minne- sota in 1884. Hon. W. V. Pendergast, M. A., Hutchinson, - _ - _ - Ex-OfHcio The State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Born in 1833 at Durham, N. H. Prepared at Phillips, Exeter, and in 1850 entered Bowdoin. Came to Minnesota in 1856 and taught school. .Appointed clerk in the State Department of Public In,struction in 1882. and Principal of the School of . griculture in 1888. State Superintendent of Public Instruction since 1893. Hon. Willia.m H. Yale, Winona, --------- 1896 Born at New Haven, Conn., in 1831. Received a common school educa- tion and engaged in business. Came to Minnesota in 1857 and practiced law. Elected County . ttorney in 1860, and to the State Senate in 1866. Lieutenant Governor ol Minnesota, 1869- ' 71, and has held uiunerous other positions. Appointed Regent in 1894. Board of Regents Board of Regents Hon. Ai.phonso Barto, St. Cloud, --------- 1S9I) Born at Hinesburg. Vt., in 1X34. Served three years in the Civil War. Settled in Minnesota in 1867. lilected to the Legi.slatme in 1871 and Lieu- tenant Governor in 1873. Register U.S. Land Office, 1889- ' 93. Appointed Regent in 1895. Hon. L. S. Swenson, Albert Lea, - 1897 Born in Nicollet, Minn., in 1865. Graduated from Luther College, Decorah, Iowa, in 1886. Post graduate at Johns Hopkins, 1887. Appointed Principal of Luther Academy in 1888. Appointed Regent by Governor Clough in 1895. Hon. William Liggett, Benson, --------- JS97 Born in Union County, 0., in 184-6. Was raised on a farm. Enlisted in 1863 and served with honor throughout the Civil War. Engaged in banking and agricultural pursuits. Apjjointed Director of the School of Agriculture and of the Experiment Farm in 1893. Appointed Regent in 1888 by Governor McGill. Hon. Joel P. Heatwole. Northticld, -------- 1S9T Born in Waterford, Ind., in 1856. Received a common school education. Taught school, and in 1876 engaged in publishing a paper. Came to Minne- sota in 1882. Elected to Congress in 1894. Appointed Regent in 1891 . Hon. Greenleaf Clark, M. A., St. Paul, ------- 1S9S Born in New Hampshire in 1835. Graduated at Dartmouth in 1855. In 1857 he received the degree of LL B. from Harvard. Came to St. Paul in 1858 and engaged in the practice of law. Served one }-ear on the bench and held various other offices. Appointed Regent in 1879. Hon. CusHMAN K. Davis, M. A.,St. Paul, 1S98 Uoi ' n in Henderson, N. Y.. in 1838. Graduated from Michigan University in 1857. Served during the Civil War. Came to Minnesota in 1864. Ap- pointed U. S. District Attorney in 1868, Governor of Minnesota in 1874. Elected to the U. S Senate in 1887. Regent since 1876. Hon. Stephen Maiionev, B. A., Minneapolis, .--.-- 1901 Born at Pittsljurg, Pa., in 1854. Came to Minnesota in 1857. Entered the University of Minnesota in 1874 and graduated with honors in 1877. Taught school and studied law. Received LL B. from Iowa University in 1879. Elected Judge of the Municipal Court, Minneapolis, in 1883. Regent since 1889. Hon. Sidney M. Owkn, Minneapolis, Resident of this state for twenty years, and Home since 1880. 1901 Managing editor Farm, Stock Faculty President Cyrus Northrop, LL. D. The President of the Ihiiversitv ot Minnesota, Cyrus Northrop, LL. D., is a native of Connecticut. He was born in Ridgetielcl, in the southwestern part of that state, on September 30, 183+. His chikHiood and youth were spent in this country village, with the exception of a year at Williston Seminary, East Hamp- ton, Mass., until he entered Yale College in 1852. While in College he took several prizes in speaking and writing, thus early showing his skill in that art of which in his matured manhood he is an acknowl- edged master. Having lost a year on account of illness, he graduated with the class ' 57. Like many another young man, he was doubtful at first as to where he should try to make his mark : and he did just what the multitude of young graduates do today— took the best tiling that ofiered ; but unlike tlie multitude, he did well whatever he undertook, so that each temporary employment was a ste])ping stone to something better. He taught school for two years in New Haven, graduated at the Yale Law School in 18G0, and practiced law in Norwalk, Conn., and was clerk, of the House of Representatives, then of the Senate of Connecticut. In the summer of 1862 he became editor-in-chief of the " New Haven Daily Palladium, " a leading paper of the state. But the young editor was soon called to fill a more important position. In 1863 he was offered the chair of Rhetoric and English Literature at Yale College. He accepted this professorship and held it until he was made President ot the Uni- versity of Minnesota in 1884.. The years of his connection with Yale College were years of growing power. Rarely has a professor been so beloved ; his genial disposition, his ready wit, his incisive criticism, his whole-souled manhood, drew and bound to him not only the able students whom he inspired to the best use of their powers, but even the lag- gards who vainly sought to escape his keen insight and just reproof. So quick was his discernment of the quality ' of the students ' work, and so great his executive abili ty, that when he came to leave the college and his work was distributed, two or three men felt themselves overburdened in trying to carry the department. Besides his college duties he had been active in public work and had built up his fame as a gifted orator. . nd he has been no less successful in managing the affairs of a great university. The administration of President Northrop has been one continuous proof that men love to obey when there is power and wisdom to command. It would be hard to find an institution in which is combined so much freedom with such willing obedience to authority. The students of the University of Min- nesota are by no means tame and passive; they have their own 0])inions and are both quick and sttibborn in defense of their tights ; but toward the authority of the University there is no opposition. That this state of things exists is a con- stant tribute to the wisdom of President Northrop. It is due to the fact that he possesses in the highest degree those qualities which fit a person to control large bodies of his fellow men — a strong sense of justice, a quick sympathy which draws all to him in confidence, a readiness in judgment and action which forestalls opposition, pertect openness and truth and crowning all, absolute fearlessness in discharge of his duty. Faculty Faculty College of Science, Literature and the Arts. William Watts Folwell, M. A., LL. D., Professor of Political Science. Lecturer on International Law, and Librarian. B. A., Hobart, ' 57; M. A., ' 60; LL. D., ' SO. A J l ' ; ! ' B K. Jauez Bkooks, M. a., U. D., Professor of the Greek Language and Literature B.A.,Wesleyan, ' 5(); M. A., ' 53; U. D., Lawrence University, ' 65 1 ' F; •!■ UK. j " " " ! p A Faculty ' Jt Charles A " . Hewitt John G. Moure msL Christopher V. Hall CnAKUKS Nathanikl Hewitt, M. D., Professor ot ' Sanitary Science. B. A., Hobart, ' 56; M. D., ' 58. .1 J 4 ' . John George Moore, B. A., Professor of the German Language and Literature. B. A , Cornell, ' 73. J F. Christopher Webber Hai.l, M. A., Professor of Geology and Mineralogy, Assistant Curator of the Museum. B. A., Middlebtirv. ' Tl; M. A. , ' 74. J J " ; ? S K. F. G.S. A.; Fellow A A.A.S. it John C. Huteliinson John S. Clark Matilda J. Wilkin John Corri.n- Hutchinson, B. A.. B. A., Minnesota, ' 76. V V; B K. John Sinclair Clark, B. A., Professor of the Latin Language and Literature. B. A., Minnesota, ' 76. W I ' ; P B K. Matilda Jane Campbell Wii.kis, M. L , Assistant Professor of German. B. L., Minnesota. ' 77; M. L., ' 90. $ B K. -93- Faculty L mt, John F. Downey Maria L. Sanford Charles W. Benton John F. Downey, M. A., C. E., Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy. B. S. Hillsdale, ' 70; M. S.. ' 73; A. B., ' 78; C. E., State College of Pa., ' 77. M. RIA LoiMSE Sanford, Professor of Rhetoric and Elocution. Connecticut Normal School. ' 55. Charles William Benton, B. A., Profei B. A., Yale, ' 74. |P ' Charles F. SicJener llenrv F. Xachtrieh Olaus J. Breila Olaus Jensen Breda, Profess Royal University of Christiana, ' 71. Charles Frederick Sidener, B. S., Assistant Professor of Chemistry. B. S., Minnesota, ' 83. $ 11 K. Henry Francis Nachtrieh, B. S., Professor of Animal Biology, Zocilogist of the Geological and Natural History Survey, Curator of the Zoological Museum. B. S., Minnesota, ' 82. W 1 ; B K. Faculty Frederick S. Jones Conwav MacMillan Willis M. West Frederick Sheetz Jones.B. A., Professor of Pliysics. B. A., Yale, ' 84-. " F F; •? B K; bkuU and Bones. Conway MacMillan, M. A., Professor of Botany, Botanist of the Geological and Natural History Survey. B. A., Nebraska, ' 85; M. A., ' 86. ■? J ' ■ . Meniljer Societe Botaniqne de France; Fellow A. A. A. S. Willis Mason West, M. A., Professor of History. B. A., Minnesota, ' 79; M. A., ' 81. II K. David L. Kiclile Samuel (J. Smith Francis P. Leavenwortli Daviij Litchard Kiehle, M. A., LL. D., Professor of Pedagogy. B. A., Hamilton, ' 61; M. A., ' 64; LL. D , ' 89. J 2 ' . Samuel G. Smith, M. A., Ph. D., D. D., Lecturer on Sociology. B. A., Cornell (Iowa), ' 72; M. A Syracuse. ' 84; Ph. D., ' 84; D. D., Iowa, ' 86. Francis P. Leavenworth, M. A., Assistant Professorof Astronomy and Director of the Observat ' rv. B. A., Haverford, ' 80; M. A., ' 87. Astrononiische Gesellschaft, . slrononiical Society of the Pacific. — 95 — Faculty Arthur E. Haynes George II. Frankforter Charles L. Wells Arthur Edwin Haynes. M. S., M. Ph., Assistant Professor of Matlieinatics. B. S., Hillsdale, ' 75; M. S., ' 77; Ph. M., ' 79. J T J; .4 A ' 4-. George Bell Frankfortir, B. S., M. A., Pli. I)., Professor of Chemistry. B. S., Nebraska, ' 86; M. A., ' 88; Ph. D., Berlin, ' 93. i J (-) Berichte Deutschen Chem. Gcsellschaft ; Dentschen Electro-Chcni. Gesellsch Societ} ' of Chemical Industry, London; .American Chemical Society, Charles Luke Wells. Ph. P., . ssistant Professor of History. A. B., Harvard, ' 79; D. B, Theological School (Harvanll, ' SJ; Ph. D., Harvard Signet. James Richard Jkwett, Ph. D., Professor of Semitic Lan- guages and History. James Richard Jewett was born in West Port, Me., March 14,1862. During hisboyhoodhe accompanied his father on va- rious voyages to Cuba, China and Japan. He fitted for col- lege at Mowry and GoliCs En- lishand Classical School, Provi- dence R. L In 1880 he entered Harvard College, taking the classical course, and upon his graduation in 1884 he was granted a fellowship, which he held three years. In August, 1884, he went to Syria to con- tinue the study of his favorite language. With the exception of a winter at Cairo he spent three years in Syria, assisting der aft ; etc. 93. XZ ilFi part of the time in an American mission seliool at Zahleh, Mt. Lebanon. Dur- ing the college year of ' 87- ' 8S he was instructor in Semitic languages at Harvard. At the close of the college year in June he went abroad again and spent about six months in Berlin and Strassburg, taking the degree of Ph. D. at the latter place in 1S90. His dissertation, entitled " Arabic Proveibs and Pro- verbial Phrases, " at once won for him a reputation as a scholar and student. Upon his return to America he was immediately elected professor of Semitic languages at Brown Universitj ' , Providence. R. I., which position he held til! his election to the chair of Semitic languages and history in the University of Minne- sota in 1895. He is a member of the Everett Athenaeum and Harvard Signet. With the addition of Dr. Jewett our already strong faculty is materially strengthened, and the department of Semitic languages and history, though not quite a year old, is destined to enjoy a period of the richest prosperity. Frkderick James Eugexk Woodbridge, B. A., Professor of Philosophy. Frederick James Eugene Wood- ■ -] bridge, who at the beginning of the present school year, was pro- moted from an instructorship to the chair of jjhilosophy, was born in Windsor, Ontario, March 26, 18G7. His parents soon moved to Kalamazoo, Mich. Here he fitted for college by attending the Kala- mazoo High School, and in 1885 he entered Amherst. His genial disposition and superior ability soon brought him into promin- ence in student circles, and during his junior year he was Editor-in- Chief of the Olio, the junior an- nual. He graduated in 1889, re- ceiving the degree of B. A. The following year he entered Union Theological Seminary in New York and spent the next three years there as a student and lay-reader for Dr. Donald, who was at that time rector of the Church of the Ascension. During tlie summer of 1892 he went abroad as a fellow of the Semi- nary Makmiga, specializing in the history of ])hilosophy. In the fall of 1894, when Protessor Hough of the department of ethics and philosophy was absent, studjing in Europe, Mr. Woodbridge was made instruc- tor in philosophy, and placed in charge of the department. His marked abilitj ' and peculiar fitness for the position sooxi became evident, and last summer when Professor Hough sent in his resignation Prof Woodbridge was at once elected to fill the vacancy. Last June he was married to Miss Helena Belle Adams, a grad- uate of Smith College. He is a member of the Alpha Delta Phi fraternity, the Phi Beta Kappa honorary society and of the Society for Psychical Research. Faculty i db Faculty dt Haurv a. Leonhai ' ser, Lieutenant U. S. A. I rotessor of Military Science and Tactics. Harry A. Leonhauser was born in Allegheny, Pa., Jan- uary, 1S60. He attended the public and high schools of his state until he received the ap- pointment to the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. While at the academy he stood well in his class, and was one of its most popular young men. He graduated in 1881 and was commissioned Second Lieuten- ant of Infantry. He joined the 25th United States Infantry stationed at Ft. Meade, South Dakota, October 1, 1881. By his eminent ability and at- tention to the duties of military life he won the esteem of his subordinates and the confidence of the department of war. He was promoted to 1st Lieuten- ant January 31, 1889, and was appointed adjutant of the regiment in October, 1892. October 1, 1895, he was assigned to dut ' at the University of Minnesota, where he succeeded Lieutenant (now Captain) George H. Morgan as professor of military science and tactics. Lieutenant Leonhauser is an enthusiastic wheelman and dee])ly interested in the introduction of the bicycle into the United Slates Army. He is taking a great interest in the fornmtion of a cycle company at the University, which is to be the first of its kind in the United States. Although a new man at the University, Lieutenant Leonhauser has already the confidence and good will of the students, who feel that the high standing of the military department will be still further raised under the new jirofessor. Instructors. Faculty Frank M. Anderson Charles M. Antlrist Charles P. Berkey Frank Malov Anderson, B. A., Instructor in History. B. A., Minnesota, ' 94. B « 7. Charles Martin Andrist. B. A., Instructor in French. B. L., Minnesota, ' 94. B S 77. Charles P. Berkev, M. S., Instructor in Mineralogy. B. S., Minnesota, ' 9L ' ; M.S., ' 93. T J ; B A ' . Emma Bertin, Instructor in French. Diplonice of the Academy of Paris; University of France. Amell . I. Burgess, Instructor in Freehand Drawing and Design. School of Drawing and Painting (Boston); Museum of Fine Arts, ' 90. Harlow S. Gale, B. A., Instructor in Psychology. B. A. Yale, ' 85; Special student at Cambridge, England, ' 90; Berlin, ' 92 and Leipzig, ' 94. W 1 ' . LOOISE KlEHLE, Instructor in Phvsical Culture. Eillma Hcitin Amelia I. Biirjj ess ll:irlti v .S, l_iitlc l uttise Kiehle — 99 — Faculty Frcitcrick Khicbvr D. T. MacDougal d . E. E. McDcrmutt Frederick Klaehkk, Ph. D., Instructor in P nglish Philology. Ph D., Berlin, ' 92. Akadeniischer Vert-in i ' iir nenere Philologie. Daniel Tremhlv MacDougal, M. S., M. A., Instructor in Botany. B. S., De Pauw, ' 90; M. 8.. Purdue, ' 92; M. A., De Pauw. ' 93. ■ ■ v 1 ' . American Association for Advancement of Science, Die Deutsche botanischen Gesellschaft. EnwARD EroENE . ' VIcDermott, B. E., M. S., Instructor in Elocution. B. S , Northwestern, ' 85; B. E., ' 90; M. S., ' 89. J T ; •! H K. Oscar W. Oestlunij, M. A., Instructor in Animal Biology. B. A., Augustana College, ' 79; M. A., ' 87. Joseph Brown Pike, M. A., Instructor in Latin. B. a., Minnesota, ' 90; M. A., ' 91. 7 ' F; ; K. Marie Schon, Instructor in German. Teachers ' College, Cohleuz, Germany. John Zelenv, B. S. Instructor in Physics. B. S., Minnesota, 92. -f B K. Oscar W. OestlumI Joseph B. Pike Marie Sclloeil Joliii Zeleny EvF.RHARi) Percy Harotng. M. S., Instructor in Clicniistiv. Everhard Percy Harditij; was born on a farm in Waseca County, Minn., in 1S7(). Having to work on the I ' armdurinj; the summer, his early education was confined to the district school for a few brief months dnrinj? the winter. At the a-je of fifteen he entered the Waseca Hij.jh School, boarding at home and walking a distance of four miles morn- ings and evenings. He was graduated in 18SS at the head of his class. The following year he taught a country school and W(jn distinction as a HE , ,. man of brawn and excellent judgment in its use in Hji v 3 keeping an imruly school in order. B ' ij B Entering the University in the fall of 1889 as B I M Sub-Freshman, he graduated in ' 94 with honors. t J m He was immediately awarded a scholarship in chemistry which he held for one year, at the end of which he took the degree of M. S. Last fall he was elected instructor in chemistry and is now carrying on work for the degree of Ph. D. While in college he was very popular with his classmates and held all sorts of offices. He always took a great interest in athletics and played on the ' Varsity eleven for several years with such success that he was considered the best guard the West has ever devclo]ied. He also holds several other University athletic records. Mr. Harding is a member of the Phi Delta Theta fraternity, and of the Phi Beta Kappa honorary society. Faculty Charles Flint McCh ' MPIIa, A. M., Ph. O., Instructor in English. Charles Flint McCUimpha was born at Amster- dam, New York, in the year 1863. His first educa- tion was begun in a private school of his native city and at the Amsterdam Academy. In order to complete his preparation for college he entered the junior class of the Albany High School, of which Professor Bradley, recently of Minneapolis, was then principal. .After completing the course of the High School in two years, he passed the entrance examinations for Princeton College in the spring of 1881. In those years at Princeton there were only the two courses, classical and scientific, and naturidly he entered the former. The four years being ended, he received the degree of A. B. In his senior year he won the Baird Prize for oratory and the first senior oratorical and debate jirizes. given in the Cliosophie Society. During the junior and senior years of his college course, Mr. McClumpha was the Princeton College correspondent of the New York Times. In October, 1SS5, Mr. McClumpha matriculated in the University of Leipzig, Faculty Geniiany, wIktc he continued liis studies during five semesters. At the expiration of that time he submitted his thesis and passed the examinations required for the attainment of the degi ' ee of Ph. D. Upon his return to this country he received a call to Bryn Mavvrr, a college for women, near Philadelphia, where he was suc- cessively reader in Anglo-Saxon and associate in English literature. At the end of three years he became assistant professor in the Unixersity of the City of New York, under Professor Francis Hovey Stoddard, the chief of the English Depart- ment. Here he continued to instruct from 1891 to 1S94, when he was called to the chair of English language and literature at Rijjon College, Kipon, Wis. This last position Mr. McClumpha held for one year, when he was elected to his pres- ent position as instructor in English at the University of Minnesota, in 1895. Professor McClumpha has been a frequent contributor to the Modern Language Notes, published at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, and the Edu- cational Review, published at Columbia College, New York. He has also done considerable translation from German into English for Harper Brothers, the most notalile of these Ijcing von Moltke ' s " Essays, " von Kuutze ' s " The Austrian-Hun- garian .Armv, " Paul Heyse ' s " Christmas Story " and the " Talcs from the German in Modern Ghosts. " Professor McClumpha is a mcmljcr of the Modern Language . ' Vssociation, the American Dialect Societv, and the Wisconsin Academv. EnWARI) EVKKETT NICHOLSON, B. S., Instructor in Chemistry. Edward Everett Nicholson was born at Enon, Ohio, in 1872. When two years old his parents re- moved to Nebraska, where he spent the greater part of his life. He prepai ' cd forcollegeinaprivateschool and entered the state university in 18S7. At the close of his junior year he was appointed assistant in the United States experiment station at Sterling, Kan- sas, and the foUow ing year he became first assistant chemist in the United States experimental sugar fac- tory at Medicine Lodge, Kansas. . . In the fall of 1893 he returned to college again to complete his course. The following spring he H J received his degree of B. S. Soon after gradua- H b tion he received a fellowshi]i chemistry in the B B ■ H University of Nebraska, which he held for one year, H H BkHB HH when he became assistant chemist at the Nebraska State Experiment Station. He had charge of all experimental work and filled his position so well that he was the following year appointed first assistant chemist. This position he held only a few months when he resigned to accept a position as instructor iu chemistry and physics in the Lincoln, Nebraska, High School. In the fall of 1895 he was elected to his present position as instructor in chemistry in the University of Minnesota. Mr. Nicholson is a member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity and of the Ameri- can Chemical Societv. Edmunii Prrrv Sheldon, R. S., Instructor in Systematic Botany. Edmund [ ' erry Sheldon was horn in Bowling Green, Pike County, Missouri, the ninth of August, liSOO. Ilis early education was obtained in the pub- lic schools and Baptist College of Louisana, Mo. Mr. Sheldon spent the school 3 ' ears of 1883-4 and 1884-5 at the Barnston Academy at Barnston, Quebec, Canada. In 1886 he was enrolled at the Northwestern College of Commerce at Minneapolis, and, after a two years ' commercial course, entered the College of .-Vgriculture of the I ' niversity in the fall of 1888. In his Sophomore year Mr. Sheldon changed to the scientific course and was elected assist- ant in the dc])artment of Botany. In the summer of 1894 he obtained the degieeof B.S. from the Univer- sity and last summer was elected instructor in Botany. Mr. Sheldon married Miss Grace H. Denni- son.who attended the University ' in the class of ' 90. Mr. Sheldon early showeil a tendency for botanical pursuits and has been con- nected with the University Herbarium and the Botanical Survey of Minnesota since their organization. He has just returned from a two months ' study of eastern herbaria and is prepared to add much to the development of svstematic Botany at the University of Minnesota. He was one of the organizers of the .Addisonian Society at the University, which afterwards merged into the Theta Delta Chi fraternity. Alice Yoiing, Instructor in English. Alice Young was born in Bloomington, Indiana, June 1, 1861. In September of the same year her father removed with his family to Belfast, Ireland, where he remained five years as American consul to that city. Returning to the United States in 1866, he settled in Indianapolis, Indiana. She attended the public schools of Indianapolis, graduating from the High School in 1880 as vale- dictorian of a class of sixty pupils. In 1881 .she graduated from the City Training School and be- gan teaching in the Indianapolis pulilic schools in the third and fourth grades. In 1885 she went with an elder half sister to San Diego, California, where she taught in the city schools in the fourth, fifth and eighth grades, and in the High School. For a year she was a member of the City Board of Examination. In 1891 she followed the other members of the family to Duluth, Minn., where she taught as assistant in the Lakeside High School for two years, and was ajipointed principal of the same school when it became part of the Duluth System. Bttt, preferring to fit herself for higher work in English, she declined the appointment and came to the University of Minnesota in lS9;i as a special student in English. The next year, Faculty — 103- Faculty as a Universitj- schoUir, slie taught some classes in Old English and assisted Professor MacLean in clerical work. In 1895 she was elected instructor in English. Scholars and Assistants. Oscar VV. Firkins, B. A., Assistant in Rhetoric. B. A.. Minnesota, ' S+. H • . Arthur Hico Elftman, L. B., M. S., Assistant in Mineralogy-. Franiv Melville Manson, M. S., Instructor in Animal Biolog ' . B. S., Minnesota, ' O-t; M. S., ' 95. W V. Hannah RoBiE Sewall, M. A., Assistant in political Science. B. A., Minnesota, ' 84; M. A., Michigan, ' 87. Arthur Llewellyn Helliwell, B. L., Assistant in Rhetoric. B. L., Minnesota, ' 95. ' H 77. Winifred Schureman, Assistant in Rhetoric. William Frederick Kunze, Assistant in Chemistry. Paul Maurice Glasoe, Assistant in Chemistry-. Anthony Zeleny, B. S.. Assistant in Physics. C. E. Magnussen, Assistant in Physics. Lawrence E. Griffin, B. A., Scholar in Animal Biology. College of Engineering, Hetallurgy and the Hechanic Arts. Faculty I Chkistuphi:k WtBBER Hall, AI. A., Dean, Professor of Geology and Mineralogy; Assistant Curator of tbe General Museum; B. A., Middlebury, ' 71; M. A., ' T-t. J V; ■P B K. John George Moore, B. A., Professor of German, B. A., Cornell, ' 73. Ji 1 John F. Downey, M. A., C. E.. Professor of Mathematics and Astronomy. B. S., Hillsdale, ' 70; M. S., ' 73; M. A., ' 7S; C. E. State College of Pa. ' 77. Ch. rles William Benton, B. A., B. A., Yale, ' 74. Frederick Sheetz Jones, B. A., Professor of Physics. B. A., Yale, ' St; W T; ■$ B K Skull and Bones. Faculty WiUinin R. Hoagc George D. Shepnrdson William R. Appleby William Ricketson Hoag, C. E., Professor of Civil Engineering, in charge of Road and Sanitary Engineering and Geodesy. Topographer Minnesota Geological and Natural History Survey, Acting Assistant U. S. Coast and Geodetic Survey; B. C. E., Minnesota, ' 84; C. E., ' 88. A KE;$ B K; 2 S. George Defrees Shepardson, A. M., M. E., Professor of Electrical Engineering. B. A., Denison, ' 85; M. A., ' 88; M. E., Cornell, ' 89. 2 3. William Remsen Applebv, B. A., Professor of Mining and Metallurgy. B. a., Williams, ' 86. K. A. American Institute of Mining Engineers, North England Institute of Mining and Mechanical Engineers, American Chemi- cal Society, Society of Chemical Industr ' , Federated Institution of Mining Engineers, Minnesota Academy of Natural Science. Charles Frederick Sidener, B. S., Assistant Professor of Chemistry. B. S., Minnesota, ' 83. $ B K. Henry Turner Eddy, M. A., C. E., Ph. D., LL. D., Professor of Engineering and Mechanics. B. A., Yale, ' 67; Ph. R, Sheffield Science School, ' 68; M. A., Yale, ' 70; C. E., Cornell, ' 70; Ph. D., ' 72; LL. D., Center College, ' 92. FN: $ B K; :S S. Fellow of A. A. A. S. ; American Phil. Society. Marry Ezra Smith, M. E., . ssistant Professor of Me- chanical Engineering. B.M.E., Cornell, ' 85; M.E., ' 87. 2 S]; American Society of Mechanical Engineers ; Society for Promotion of Engineer- ing Education. lUnry T. I ' .ilily IL-irrv E. Smith TV. H. Kircbncr George Bell Frankforter, B. S., M. A., Ph. D., Professor of Chemistry. B. S., Nebraska, ' 86; M. A., ' 88; Ph. D., BerHii, ' 93. J (- . Berichte der deutschen Chem. Gesellschaft ; Deutschen Electro-Chem. Gesellschaft ; So- ciety of Chemical Industry, London; American Chemical Society, etc. Aktiur Edwin Haynes, M. S., M. Pli., Assistant Professor of Mathematics. B. S., Hillsdale, ' 75; M. S., ' 77; Ph.M., ' 79. J T A; Ah ' -P. Francis P. Leavenworth, M. A., Assistant Professor of Astronomy. B. A., Haverf ord, ' SO; M. A., ' 87. William H. Kikchner, B. S., Assistant Professor of Drawing;. B. S., Wooster Polytechnic, ' 87. Q T V. William S. Pattee, LL. D., Lecturer on Contracts and Torts. B. A., Bowdoin, ' 71; M. A., ' 74; LL. D., ' 90. .4 J . Frederick Warner Denton, C. E., Associate Professor of Mining and Metallurgy. Frederick Warner Denton is a native of New Jersey, but re- ceived his early education in Charleston, S. C. After spend- ing three years in Charleston College, Charleston, S. C, in the regular academic course, he entered the School of Mines of Columbia College, fi-om which he was graduated in 1889. Upon his graduation he was ajipointed fellow in engineering at Columbia. This position he held till February, 1890, when he resigned to take charge of the civil and mining engineer- ing department at the Michi- gan Mining School. Two years later he was made full professor. He remained here till 189-t, when he resigned to become mining engineer for the Minne- sota Iron Company. This po- sition he held till last fall, when he was elected to his present position as associate professor of mining and metallurgy in the Ihiiversity of Minnesota. Professor Denton is a strong man and has a wide reputation. He has been secretarv of the Lake Superior Mining Institute since its organization in 1893. He has also been prominently identified in a professional capacity with several engineering works in the Lake Superior region. Faculty Faculty Frank He.nhy Constant. C. E., Assistant Professor of Struc- tural Engineering. Frank Henrj ' Constant was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the 25th of July, 1,S69. His early education was received in the gj-aniniar schools of New York and of Cincinnati, graduating from Woodward High School, Cincinnati, in 1887, receiving the highest honors in niathe- niatics and general scholarship. In the fall of 1887 he entered Cincinnati University where he was a student under Dr. H. T. Eddy, now jirofessor of engi- neering and mechanics here. In 1891 he graduated with high honors, receiving the degree oi ' C. E. Upon his graduation, Mr. Constant accepted the po- sition of assistant engineer with the King I ' .ridge Co., of Cleveland, Ohio, which position he held until the summer of 1893, when he resigned to accept the position of assistant engineer with Mr. F. C. Osborn, consulting engineer of Cleveland, Ohio. During the four years, 1891-5, he spent here he wascontinuouslyengagedinthe - " " " design of a great variety and number of engineering struc- tures. Last fall, when the Uni- versity opened, Mr. Constant was appointed instructor in structural engineering, to fill the vacancy caused by the res- ignation of Professor Wads- worth. About a month later he was made assistant profes- sor of structural engineering. Mr. Constant is a member of the Beta Theta Pi fraternity, and is also a memberof the Civil Engineers ' Club of Cleveland . O. H. Wade Hiisbard, Assistant Professor of Me- chanical Engineering. H.Wade Hibbard was born in India in 1863. His ]);ircnts were American missionaries to i ' I Burniali. His bovliood was passed in Vermont, where his father was engaged in rehgious and educational work. He attended Middlelnir ' High School and in 1882 he graduated tiroui Vermont Academ.v. Immediately alter his gi ' adtiation he entered Brown University, graduating in 1SS6 with the degree of A. B. He early showed a growing fondness for the sciences and practical studies. Within a week after his graduation he entered the Khodelsland Locomotive Works and remained there three full years, when he was placed in charge of a gang of men to set up and adjust the link motions and locate the eccentrics and slide valves. This was an important position and had never before lieen entrusted to an apprentice. He spent his evenings in a drawing and technical school in preparation for a profes- sional course which he was about to take up. The two following years were spent as a graduate student at Cornell. Here he distinguished himseli as a scholar bv winning the Sibley Prize which is oft ' ered annually to the one " who shall, in the opinion of the faculty of that institution, show the greatest merit in a college coiirse. " In 1891 he received the degree of Mechanical Engineer, and at once entered into the employment of the Pennsylvania Railroad as draftsman and mechanical engineer. He designed a compoimd locomotive which is now used for the heaviest expresses bet ween New York and Philadelphia. The summer of 1892 he spent in Europe studying locomotive engineering and visiting the leading technical schools in England, Germany and France. In 1894 he was made chief draftsman of the Lehigh Vallc}- Railroad system. This position he held till October, 1895, when he was elected assistant professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Minnesota. Mr. Hiljliard is a member of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, the American Railway Master Mechanics ' Association, and of the Sigma Chi fra- ternity. He has been a frequent contributor to the leading technical journals in the country, and his reputation is a national one. He comes to our University with a ripe experience and well equipjied to meet the growing demands of the department of mechanical engineering. Faculty ' J Instructors. Peter Christianson James M. Tate Peter Christi. xson ' , B. S., Instructor in Assaying. B. S., Minnesota, ' 90; B. M. E., ' 94-. James M. Tate, Instructor in Carpentry, Pattern and Foundry Practice. Faculty Amelia I. Burgess, Instructor in Freehand Drawing. School of Drawing and Painting (Boston); Museum of Fine Arts, ' 90. James H. Gill, M. E., Instructor in Iron Work. B. M. E., Minnesota, ' 92; M. E., ' 94. Charles P. Berkey, M. S., Instructor in Mineralogy. B. S., Minnesota, ' 92; M. S., ' 93. P F J; P B K. Scholars and Assistants. Arthur Hugo Elftman, B. L., M. S., Assistant in Mineralogy ' . Arthur L. Abbott, Scholar in Mechanical Drawing. WlLLARD W. DaKIN, Scholar in Electrical Engineering. William Frederick Kunze, Assistant in Chemistry. Paul Maurice Glasoe, Assistant in Chemistry. Charles H. Kendall, Scholar in Mechanical Engineering. Charles E. Magnussen, Assistant in Physics. College and School of Agriculture. Faculty Henry Webu Bkkwster, B. A., Ph. D., Principal, Professor of Mathematics ami Civics. B. A., Miimesota, ' 87: Ph. D., ' 92. Samuel B. Grekn, B. S., Professor of Horticulture anil Applied Botan ' . B. S., Massachusetts Agricultural College, ' 7 ' J. Otto Lugger, Ph. 1 ., Professor of Hntomolog -. H. rrv Snyder, B. S., Professor of Agricultural Chemistry. B. S., Cornell, ' 89. ' -f J ' - : .American Chemical Society; American .Association for the advancement of Science; Society of Chemical Industry. T. L. H.keckkr. Professor of Dairy Husbandry. Myron H. Reynolds, M. D., V. M., Ph. C, Professor of Vetei ' inary Medicine and Surgery. B. S. A., Ames (Iowa), ' 80; D. Y. M., ' 89; M. D., Drake, ' 91; Ph. G., ' 91. Faculty WiLLET M. Hays, B. Agr., Professor of Agriculture. B. S. A., Iowa Agi-icultural College, ' 85. Thomas Sha y, Professor of Animal Husbandry. Charles R. Aldrich, Carpentry and Drawing. Florence A. Brewster, Librarian. Dennis Gaines, M. A., History-, English and Civics. Alvin Dennis Gaines was born in Berkshire, Vt., in June, 1850. His parents soon moved to Lower Canada where he worked on his father ' s farm during the summer season and attended the district school in the winter until he was fifteen j ' earsof age. Determined to get an education he succeeded in saving enough money by working on a farm and teaching a countrv school to attend Derby Academy in Vermont. In the winter of 1875 he entered St. Johnsbury -Academy from which he was graduated in 1876 in the clas- sical course. The next autumn he entered Dartmouth College and was graduated from that institution in the summer of 1880 with the degree of B. A., and five vears later the degree of M. A. was conferred upon him by his . lma Mater. Shortly after graduation he went to Spring Valley, Minn., and from there to Glen- ville, where he taught during the winter and spring terms. The next fall he re- turned to Spring Valley and took charge of the school there as principal and superintendent. In 1885 he was elected superintendent of the Alexandria public schools, which position he held till 1890 when he was elected county superinten- dent of Douglass County. Four years later he was appointed on the faculty of the School of Agriculture. He was nuirried in 1885 to Miss Bernice Van Loan. Mr. Gaines is not only a thorough and experienced teacher but also a practical farmer, and is thus doubly fitted to impart instruction to the young men and women who are looking toward farming as their life vocation. Wh.liam Robertson, B. S., Physics, Language. B. S., Carieton, ' 85. J. A. VvE, Penmanship, Accounts. Alvin Dennis Gaines Harky a. Leonhaiser, Lieutenant U. S. A., Military Tactics. I ' nited States Military Academy, West Point, ' 81. James Meddick Drew, Arithmetic and Blacksniitliing. Normal School (Winona) ' 83. Andrew Boss, Dressing; and Curing Meats. Minnesota School of Apiculture, ' 91. Faculty William Boss, Carpentry and Engineering. William Boss was born and raised in Minnesota. His early life was sjient on the farm. He attended the district school and the public schools of Lake City. In 1890 he entered the School of Agriculture. He was retained after his gradua- tion as assistant in carpentry, and last year he was made instructor in carpentry and engineering. Faculty College of Law. William S. Pattee, LL. D., Dean, Departments ot ' the Law ol Contracts and Equity Inrlsprndence. B. A., Bowdoin, ' 71; M. A., ' 7+; LL. D., Orinnell, ' 90. .1 J . Charles B. Elliott, LL. D.. Pli. D., Department ot ' Corjiorations and Internatinnal Law. LL. B., Iowa, ' 81; Ph. D., Minnesota, ' 87; LL. D., Iowa, ' Oo. •t ' I! K. Jndgc District Court Hennepin County. James Paige, A. M., LL. M., Department of Domestic Relations, Partnership and Agency. A. B., Princeton, ' 87; A. M , ' 89; LL. B., Minnesota, ' ill; LL. M., ' 93. Edwin .A. Jaggard, A. M., LL. B., Department of Torts and Criminal Law. A. B., Dickenson, ' 79; A. M., ' 82; LL. B., Pennsylvania, ' 82. B ' - II, HenrvJ. Fletcher, Esq., Department of Property. A. C. Hickman, A. M. LL. B., Department of Pleading and Practice. A. C. Hickman Faculty was born in Cohimbiana County, Ohio, in 1S37. The first twenty years of his Hfe were spent on a farm. In 1862 he graduated from Alle- ghany College, Pa., with the de- gree of A. B. He immediately entered upon the study of law and the following year gradua- ted from the Ohio State and Union Law College at Cleveland. 0. In 1864 he came to Minne- sota and located at Owatonna where he engaged in the practice of law. In 1866 he was elected county superintendent of schools of Steele County and in 1868 he was elected judge of probate. In 1882 he was elected state senator and served four j ' ears. Early in 1887 he removed to St. Pavd where he still resides. In St. Paul, as every where else, Mr. Hickman, made his influence felt. He served on the coinicil for several years, part of the time as president and acting mayor. He is known throughout the entire state as a lawyer and man of ability and culture, and the University of Minnesota may be considered fortunate in securing his services as lecturer. Lecturers. George B. Yoing, A. M., LL. B., Conflict of Laws. a. VVillard, LL. B., Bailments. James 0. Pierce, Constitutional Jurisprudence and History. C. D, O ' Brien, Criminal Law and Procedure. Charles V. Binn, LL. B., Suretyship and Mortgages and Practice in the United States Courts. John Day S.mith, American Constitutional Law. A. B., Brown, ' 72; A. M., ' 7, ' S; LL. B., Coluniljia, ' 78; LL. M., ' 81. Z V. H. F. Stevens, On the Law of Real Property. Faculty T. DwiGHT Merwin, a. B., On Patent Law. W. D. Cornish, On Insurance. Francis Buchanan Tiffany, A. B., LL. B., On Criminal I-aw. A. B., Harvard, ' 77; LL. B., ' SO. Herbert R. Spencer, On Admiralty Law. A. D. Keyes, Minnesota Practice. College of Medicine and Surgery. Perry H. Millard, M. D., Dean, Professor oi the Principles and Practice of Surgery and Medical Jurisprudence. M. D., Rush Medical College, ' 72. Thomas G. Lee., B. S., M. D., Professor of Histology, Embryology and Bacteriolog3 ' . B. S., University of Pennsylvania, ' 86; M. D., ' 87. Charles J. Bell, A. B., Professor of Chemistry. B. A., Harvard, ' 76; M. A., Johns Hopkins, ' 78. Henry Martvn Bracken, M. D., L. R., C. S. E., Professor of Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Clinical Medicine. M. D., Cohimbia, ' 77; L. R., C. S. E., Edinburgh, ' 79. Charles H. Hunter, A. M., M. I)., Proiessor of the Theory and Practice of Medicine. B. A., Bowdoin, ' 74; M. A., ' 76; M. D., Columbia, ' 78. A KB. EVERTON Jl ' DSON Abbott, A. B., M. D., Associate Professor of Practice and Professor of Clinical Medicine. B. A., Western Reserve, ' 72; M. D., ' 75. A K E. JohnW. Bell, M. D., Professor of Phvsical Diagnosis and Clinical Medicine. M. D., Medical College of Ohio, ' 76. Albert E. Senkler, M. D., Professor of Clinical Medicine. C. Nootnagle, M. D., Assistant in CHnical Surgery. Charles A. Wheaton, M. D., Professor of Clinical Surgery. M. D., Harvard, ' 76. N 2 N. George A. Hendricks, M. S., M. D., Professor of Anatomy. B. S., Pennsylvania College, ' 72; M. S., ' 75; M. D., Michigan, ' 77. N ' 2 N. Richard Olding Beard, M. D., Professor of Ph ' siology. M. D., Northwestern Medical College, ' 82. Frederick A. Dunsmoor, M. D., Professor of Operative and Clinical Surgery. M. D., Bellevue Hospital, ' 75. N 2 N. Charles Lyman Green, M. D., Professor of Applied Anatomy and Instructor in Clinical Medicine. M. D., Minnesota, ' 90. A K E N2 N. Parks Ritchie, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics. M. D., Ohio Medical College, ' 70. N 2 N. Abraham B. Cates, A. M., M. D., Clinical Professor of Obstetrics. B. A., Williams, ' 75; M. A., ' 77; M. D., Harvard, ' 80. A K E. J. Clark Stewart, B. S., M. D., Professor of Pathology. B. S., Minnesota, ' 75; M. D., Columbia, ' 79. Faculty Faculty Alexa.ndek J. Stone, M. D., LL. U , Professor of Diseases of Women. M. D., Berkshire Medical College, ' 67. -Y V. Amos W. Abbott, M. D., Clinical Professor of Diseases of Women. M. D., Columbia, ' 69. .4 J . Archibald McLaren, A. B. , S., Princeton, ' 80; York, ' 84. M M. D., Clinical Professor of Diseases of Woinen. D.,Cohimbia, ' 83; M. D., Woman ' s Hospital, New John F. Fulton, Ph. D., M. D., Professor of Ophthalmology, Otology and Hygiene. Ph. D., University of Pennsylvania, ' 81 ; M. D., ' 80. N S N. Frank Allport, M. D., Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology and Otology. M. D., Chicago Medical College, ' 76. C. Eugene Riggs, A. M., M. D., Professor of Nervons and Mental Diseases. B. A., Ohio Wesleyan, ' 77; M. A, ' 79; M. D., College of Physicians and Surgeons, Baltimore, ' 80. N 2 N. Frank Fairchilu Wesbrook, M. A., M. D., C. M., Professor of Bacteriology. Frank Fairchild Wesbrook was born near Brantford, Ont. His early education he received in the Candon public schools in Ontario. He completed the classical course at the University of Manitoba and subsetiuently received the degree of M. A., M. D. and C. M. from his Alma Mater. He also spent a short time at McGill University, Montreal. In 1890 he engaged in the active practice of medi- cine as hotise surgeon in the Winnipeg General Hospital, and as railway surgeon for the Canadian Pacific Uailway. In the early part of 1891 he went to Europe to take up special work in bacteriology in King ' s College, London. While here he was constantly engaged in clinical work for the London Hospital. He then spent several niontlis at the Rotunda Hospital in Unhliuanil began systematic research worU in bacteriology at the Cambridge Pathological Laboratory. In 1S98 he was awarded the John Lucas Walker Scholarship in pathology at Cambridge. The next three years were spent in original research in pathology and bacteriology, both in England and Germany. As a result, several papers were ]iublished in such journals as Les Annales de Institute Pasteur, British Medical Journal. Hygienisclie Rundschau, Journal of Pathology and Bacteriology, etc. Uiu-ing his last three years at Cambridge he was demonstrator in bactcrio- log -. Last year he was elected to the chair of bacteriology at the LTniversity of Minnesota, and entered upon his duties at the beginning of the present school year. Dr. We-sbrook has come into our midst equipped, not only with sound scholarly attainments and a wide range of useful experience, but has placed at the disposal of the University his immense collection of bacteria and some of the rarer pathological specimens which he has obtained with great difticulty and which will be of untold value to the students of medicine at the I ' niversity. W. . lex. .ndi:r Jo.nes, M. U., Clinical Professor of the Diseases of the Nervous System. M. D., University of the City of New York, ' SI. N S N. Charles L. Wells, A. M., M. D., Professor of Diseases of Children. B. A., Hobart, ' 65; M. A., ' 67; M. D., ' 69. .1 J ■?. Georc.e Douglas Head, B. S., M. D., Instructor in Clinical Microscopy. George Douglas Head was born in Elgin, Minn., 1870. He re- ceived his early education in the public schools at that place and in 1888 he graduated from the Fargo High School. That same year he entered the University and graduated with the class of ' 92, receiving the degree of B. S. Dur- ing his senior year he did special work in histology. During the summer of 1 892 he was engaged as assistant in the State Geologi- cal Siu ' vev. The following fall he entered the Medical College and was graduated in 1895 with the iiighest honors, winning the Stone medal in gynecology. During his first year in the Medical College he was appointed assistant in histology and bacteriology, which I jiosition he held till his appoint- i ment to his present position. Dr. Head is not only a successful and ])opular instructor but also enjoys a large practice. Faculty -119 — Faculty James H. Dunn, M. D., Professor of Diseases of the Genito-Uriiiary Organs and Arljunct Professor of Clinical Surgery. M. D., University of the City of New York, ' 78. James E. Moore, M. D., Professor of Ortho])?eclia and Adjunct Professor of Clinical Surgery. M. D., Bellevue Hospital, ' 73. N 2 N. Max p. Vanderhorck, M. D., Professor of Diseases of the Skin. M. D., Jefferson Medical College, ' 85. KE; N S N. W. S. Laton, M. D., Professor of Diseases of the Nose and Throat. M. D., Long Island Hospital College, ' 77. Instructors. Charles A. Erdman, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. Henry Loring Staples, M. D., Instructor in Medical Latin and Clinical Medicine. B. A., Bowdoin, ' 81; A. M., ' 84; M. D., Maine Medical School, ' 86. Z W; $ B K, Cliosophic Society, Princeton. Francis Ramaley, B. S., Instructor in Botany. B. S., Minnesota, ' 95. Clinical Instructors and Assistants. Hubert C. Carel, B. S., Assistant in Chemistry. Robert Wheaton, M. D., Assistant in Surgery. Herbert Davis, Clinical Instructor in Obstetrics. Arthur J. Gillette, Clinical Instructor in Orthopa ' dia. Burnside Foster, Clinical Instructor in Dermatology. George M. Coon, Clinical Instructor in Genito Urinary. John Rogers, Clinical Instructor in Paedology. M. W. Glenn, M. D., Assistant in Medicine. Thomas McDavitt, M. D., Assistant in Ophthalmology ' and Otology. John L. Rothrock, Demonstrator of Pathology. D. liDwiN Smith, M. D., Assistant in Ophthalmology and Otology. C. J. RlNONELL, M. D., Assistant in Laryngology. A. E. Ben|ami.n, M. D., Assistant in Gynecolog}% Faculty College of Homeopathic Hedicine and Surgery. Alonzo Potter Williamson, LL. B., M. D., Dean, Professor of Mental and Nervous Diseases. B. A., Hamilton, ' 71; A. M., ' 73; M. D., Hahnemann of Philadelphia, ' 76. William E. Leonard, A. B., AL D., Professor of Materia Medica and Theraputics. A. B., Minnesota, ' 76; M. D., Hahnemann of Philadelphia, ' 79. A ' W. Faculty Gkorgk E. Ricker, a. B., M. D., Professor of Clinical Medicine and Physical Diagnosis. RoiiEKT D. Matchan, M. D., Professor of Princi])lcs and Practice of Surgery. Warren S. P.ric.cs, B. S., M. D., Professor of Clinical and Ortlihopiedic Siirgerv. B. Hakvev Or.Di-N, A. M., M. D., Professor of Obstetrics. A. B.,Carleton, ' Sl; A.M.. ' 86; M. D., Hahnemann of Philadelphia, ' SG. .4 B . Eugene L. Mann, A. B., M. D., Professor of Diseases of the Heart and Respiratory Organs. A. B., Hobart, ' 83; M A., ' 83; M. D. Hahnemann of Philadelphia, ' 86. K A, P B K. Oeorge Everett Clahk, Ph. B., M. D., Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicine. Ph B.. Kalamazoo, ' 78; M. D., Hahnemann Chicago, ' 80. Henry H. Leavitt, A. M., M. D., Professor of Paedology. A. B , Beloit, ' ,S4: A M., ' 85; M. D., Chicago, ' 89. G. F. KoiiEKTS, M. D., Professor of Diseases of Women. Tuo.MAsJ. Gray. M. D., Professor of History and Methodology of Medicine. Thomas J. Gray was born in 1S51, and received a liberal education. He took great interest in educational and ; cicntific lines and was for many years president of the St. Cloud Normal School. This position he resigned about ten years ago to devote himself more exclusively to the study and practice of medicine. He was elected to his jiresent posi- tion last summer and began his labors here with the beginning of the present school year. Dr. Gray is sin ' geon for the National Temperance Hospital, Chicago, surgeon for the Homeopathic Hospital, City Hospital of Minn- eapolis, an active member of the Miiniesota Homeopathic Institute and also of the Ameri- can Institute of Homeopathy. R. Rasmusskn Rome, M. D., Professor ol ' Cl the College of Homeopathic Medicine F. M. Gibson, M. D., A. Chir,, Professor of 0]5hthalmoh)gy and Otology-. F. M. Gibson was l)orn at Bing- haniton, N. Y., in 1856. After completing a high school course he came west to Hndson, Wis., to regain his health which had been faili ng for some time. Hav- ing soon regained liis health he returned to Ann Arbor, Mich., where he comjjleted a course in Homeopathic Medicine and Sur- gery, graduating in 1884. After his graduation he practiced medi- cine in Minneapolis and Hudson, Wis. In 1890 he took a post graduate course in the New York Ophthalmic Hospital, graduatiuf.; in 1892 witli the degree of Oculi et Auris Chirurgns. He next took an extended course in his sjiecial imcal Obstetrics. R. Rasnuissen Rome was bom in Denmark in 1865. His ])arents came to this country wheii he was four years old. He received a common school education and in 1883 he entered Rush Medical College at Chicago. Notsatisfied, however, with his pre])aration for medical studies, he entered the University ' Academy of Chicago. Having finished his preparatory- work he took his freshman year at Dennison University, but finan- cial circumstances forced him to discontinue his academic course. He at once entered Hahnemann Medical College, Chicago and was graduated in 1891. On coming to Minneapolis he took a course in the Homeopathic College and gi-aduated in 1892. In 189+ he was appointed assistant and the following year he was made full professor of clinical obstetrics in and Surgery, which position he now holds. Faculty Faculty line in the leading medical schools and hospitals of London, Edinburgh, Berlin and Paris. Upon his return to America he engaged in jiractice in Minneapolis, and last fall he was elected to the chair of ophthalmology and otology in the Homeopathic College. Dr. Gibson is a member of the State Homeopathic Society and of the Northwestern Homeopathic Academy of Surgery. M. RSHALL P. Austin, M. D., Professor of Skin and Genito-Urinary Diseases. Marshall P. Austin was born at Charleston, Kalamazoo County, Mich., in 1849. His early boyhood was spent on a farm. He early showed an inclination to learn and completed a course at Prairie Seminar -. In 1873 he began the study of medicine under Dr. W. A. Carl. In 1879 he entered the Homeopathic College of Michigan and was graduated in 1881. He immediately began the practice of medicine and in 1883 he removed to Minneapolis, where he has been enjoying a lucrative practice ever since. He served one term as comity physician and is now surgeon for the Homeopathic City Hospital, and local surgeon for the Chicago, Milwaukee St. Paul road. Dr .Austin is also a member of the Minnesota Homeopathic Society. Faculty College of Dentistry. Thomas E. Weeks, D. D. S., Dean, Professor of Operative Dentistry and Dental Anatoniv D. D. S., Minnesota Hos pital College J 2 J. Charles Munroe Bailey, D. M. D., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry, Metalhirgv and Orthodontia. D M. D., Harvard, ' 71. J 2 J. William P. Dickinson, D. D. S., Professor of Therapeutics and Clinical Professor of Operative Denistry. D. D. S , Pennsylvania College of Dental Surgerv, ' 68. Faculty Frkiikrick B. Kremek, l . D. S., Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry and Crown and Bridge Work. Frederick B. Kremer was born at Middlebnrjj, Pa., in 1861. In 1873 his par- ents moved to Lena, 111., where he completed his elementary education. At the age of eighteen he en- tered the office of Dr. G. A. Bower to commence the stnd} ' of medicine. Hav- ing a greater inclination for dentistry he discontin- ued the study of medicine and took uj) dentistry. He practiced in Wisconsin and Minnesota for a number of years when, in 18S7, he entered Iowa University for a full course. In 1892 he removed to Minneapolis and was that same year ajipointed demonstrator in prosthetic dentistry. In 1894- he was made instructor and the following year he was elevated to a full professorship. Dr. Kremer is a member of the Delta Sigma Delta fraternity and of various state and local den- tal societies. Instructors. George A. Hendricks, M. S , M. D., Professor of Anatomy. B. S., Pemisylvania College, ' 92; M. S., ' To; M. D.. Michigan, ' 77. A ' 3 A ' . KiCM. RD O. Beard, M. D., Professor of Physiology. M. D., Northwestern, ' 82. Charles J. Bell, A. B., Professor of Chemistry. B. A., Harvard, ' 76; M. A., Johns Hopkins, ' 78. Henry Martyn Bracken, M. D., L. R. C. S. E., Professor of Materia Medica. M. D., Columbia, ' 77; L. R. C. S. E., Edinburgh, ' 79. Thomas G. Lee, A. M., M. D. Professor of Histology and Embryology. B. S., University of Pennsylvania ' 86; M. D., ' 87. Henry Lorinc. Staples, A. M., M. D., Instructor in Medical and Pharmaceutical Latin. B. A., Bowdoin, ' 81; A. M., ' 84; M. D., Maine Medical School, ' 86. Z " V; 5 " B K. Cliosophic Society, Princeton. Thomas B. Hartzell, D. M. D., M. D., Lecturer on Pathology, Physical Diagnosis and Ural Surgery. D. M. D., Minnesota, ' 92; M. D., ' Ol-. 4 A ; ! 2 J. Frank R. Wright, D. D. S.. M. D., Lecturer on Ansestliesia and Chief of Anjesthetic Clinic. George S. Monson, D. M. D., Instructor in Prosthetic Technics and Orthodontia. Oscar Albert Weiss, D. M. D., Instructor in Operative Technics. D. M. D., Minnesota, ' 93. Mark 0. Nelson, D. M. D., Demonstrator iu Prosthetic Dentistry. Faculty Lecturers and Assistants. J. Dudley Jewett, D. D. S., Lecturer on Anaesthesia and Chief of Anitsthetic Clinic. Mary V. Hartzell, D. M. I)., Assistant in Operative Clinic. D. M. D., Minnesota, ' 94. Henry C. Babcock, D. M. D., Assistant in Operative Clinic. Ja. iks M. Walls, D. M. D.. Assistant in Crown Technics. pr J. Carollne B. Edcar, D. M. D., Assistant in Operative Clinic. J J J. Faculty College of Pharmacy. Frederick J. WuLLiNG, Ph. G., Dean, Professor of the Theory and Practice of Pharmacy ' and Pharmaceutical Chemistry. Perry H. Mill. rd, M. D , Professor of Medical Jnrisprndence. M. D., Rush Medical College, ' 72. Henry Martvn Bracken, M. D., L. R. C. S. E., Professor of Materia Medica. M. D., Columbia, ' 77; L. R. C. S. E., Edinburgh, ' 79. Cii.iRLEs J. Bell, B. B., Professor of Cheniistrj ' (General, Medical and Analytical). B. a., Harvard, ' 76; M. A., Johns Hopkins, ' 78. George B. Frankforter, M. A., Ph. D., Professor of Chemistry (Oi ' ganic). B. S., Nebraska, ' 86; M. A., ' 88; Ph. D., Berlin, ' 93. J S. Berichte der Deutschen Cheni. Gesellschaft ; Deutschen Electro-Chem. Gesellschaft ; S5o- ciety of Chemical Industry, London; American Chemical Society. Charles F. Siuhner, B. S., .Assistant Professor of Chemistry (Quantitative). B. S., Minnesota, ' 83. B K. Conway MacMii.lan, M. A., Professor of Botany. B. A., Nebraska, ' SS; M. A , ' 8(5 •! J H. Thomas G. Lei:, B. S., M. D , Professor of Bacteriology. B. S., University of Pennsylvania, ' S6; M. D., ' 87. Richard O. Beard, M. D., Professor of Physiology. M. D., Northwestern Medical, ' 82. John F. Fulton, Ph. D., M. U., Professor of Hygiene. Ph. D., University of Pennsylvania, ' 81 ; M. I)., ' SO. .Y3 .V. Instructors. Henry Loring Staples. . M., M. 1)., Instructor in Medical and Pharniacentical Latin. B.A.,Bowdoin. ' 81 ; A.M., ' 84-; M. D., Maine Medical School, ' 86. ZW -P B K. George Doiglas Head, B. S., M. D., Instructor in Bacteriology. J T J ; A ' i " .V. Francis Ramaley, B. S., Instructor in Medical Botany and Pharmacognosy. Francis Ramaley was born in St. Paul where he received his early education, and was gradu- ated from the High School in 1888. Three years later he entered the University of Minnesota and pursued thescientifie course, specializing in botany. During his junior year he published " A Revision of the Minnesota Grasses of the Hordeae. " At the beginning of his senior year he was awarded a scholarship in botany, and in May, 1895, he was elected to his ])resent position. Mr. Ramaley is a member of the Theta Delta Chi fraternity anil the Phi Beta KajJjja honorary society. Barnard Otto Leubner, I ' har. D., Quiz Master. Barnard Otto Leubner was born at Manitowoc. Wis., in 1870. In 1883 his jiarents removed to Minnea])olis. In 1890 Mr. Leubner began the study of pharmacy under Mr. Melandj ' . He made rapid progress and graduated from the College ol Pharmacy in 1894 with high honors. After spend- ing a j ' ear in practical jiharmaceutical work, he was appointed quiz master in the fall of 189.5. Mr. Leubner is a member of the Minnesota Phar- maceutical . ssociation. -120- Faculty Francis Ramalev Faculty other Officers. Edwin Bird Johnson, B. S., Registrar. B. S., Minnesota, ' 88. " Barb. " Daniel Webster Sprague. Accountant. Lettie M. Crafts, B L., First Assistant Librarian. B. L., Minnesota, ' 81. B K. Ina Firkins, B. L., Second Assistant Liljrnrian. B. L., Minnesota, ' 88. J V; li K. Anna L. Guthrie, B. A., Third Assistant Librarian. B. A.. Minnesota, ' 92. A ' .4 (-) ; ' K. A. W. Guild, Superintendent of the Buildings. Alumni Association President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Historian, Orator, . Toastmaster, Poet, Alumni Association. Officers Stkphen Mahonkv, ' 77 F. W. Sardeson, ' 91 Gko. B. Aiton, ' 81 Lettie M. Crafts, ' 86 J. C Hl ' TCHlNSON. ' 76 . F. N. Stacy, ' SS C. J. KocKWiioD, ' 79 Ina Firkins, ' 88 John Hamilton Lewis. ' TS, Senior City Superintendent of Schools in the State, Hastings. Flora Joy Frost, ' 90, County Superintendent of Schools, Jackson. Tlie Alumnus in Education. Next to teaching, the function of a I ' ni versify is to make teachers— not only to hold aloft a beacon for the time, but to pass on the lio;hted torch from generation to generation. In this great office the University of Minnesota has not been wanting in its first quarter of a century, although in this western country the financial opportunities for enterprising young men in other callings have placed the profession of teaching at somewhat of a disadvantage. With perfect right Minnesota is proud of her school system and her educa- tional position among her sister states. In making that system what it is, the alumnus of our University has had a large part. To him in good measure is due tile liberal, generous character of our educational thought, while in him again the faddists and cranks, with their new gosjiels and nostrums, have foinid unfailing and uncompromising opposition. Many of the leaders of educational movements in the state in the formative period came from the earlier University classes, and at all times in our public schools and in educational gatherings there has been a Alumni Association Williiini Franklin Webster, ' SS, Principal East Side High Scliool, Minneapolis. Albert William Kankin. ' SO, State Inspector of Graded Schools Minneapolis. larfie proportion of recent graduates animated Ijy a nnion of high enthusiasm and scholarly ideals with a shrewd common sense practicality characteristic ol western University life. To particularize is almost impossible. The superintendency in our larger cities is to a marked degree in the hands of old University boys. The classes of ' 9: , ' 94 and ' 95 have already furnished a county superintendent each, and alumni and ahnnnae are represented in the normal school faculties of this and (reorge Brings . iton, ' SI, State Inspector of High Schools, Minneapolis. .1 a.v West, ' 90, ctnrer on Taxation and Finance, Colnni iia College. Alumni Association iieigliborin states. Since tlie establishment of the department of peclago ;y the proportion of enil ryo teachers among tlie graduates has increased rapidly, but so far the effect is seen chiefly in the high schools, the part of otn ' educational system whereon the young graduate is usually launched. Nearly a third of the later have found employment as teachers in these grades alone until other elements are in danger of total exclusion. Indeed the high school section of the State Educational Association might easily be mistaken by a recent graduate for an aUinini reunion. It is not possible for this article to refer to individuals, but two alumni are engaged in work so unique that it may claim special mention. The most impor- tant and difficult educational positions in the state, after the presidency ' of the University ' and the state superintendency, are the inspectorships of high schools and of graded schools. The second of these places, held b_v Mr. A. W. Rankin, of the class of ' 80, is a creation of the last legislature; the other position is only three years old, but in the hands of Mr. George B. Aiton, of ' SI, it has proved a means of advancing marvelously our high school system, which President Eliot, of Harvard, had already declared to be the best in the United States. Indeed the work has influenced other states, and Mr. Aiton ' s reports have attained a national reputation. The Alumnus is prominent, of course, in the faculty of his Alma Mater. From an early day the Ihiiversity has reinforced its teaching ranks from the more scholarly of its graduates, and two of the veterans of the faculty are members o the fourth graduating class. Altogether there are in the facultj ' of the academic college seven professors, ten instructors and several other assistants of various grades; and that this number is not excessive is clear from the fact that our alumni hold positions upon the faculties of the University of Chicago, Columbia College, University of Pennsylvania, Vassar, Smith, University of North Dakota, Cornell, University of South Dakota, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Universitv of Wisconsin and Dennison Univei ' sitv. John Sinchtir CJctrk, ' 70. Prulcifsor of Latin, University of Minnesota, Senior Aluwnns on the Faculty. -13+ — The Alumnus in Politics. With the growing attention in the University to pohtical, economic and his- torical studies, and with the increasing importance of the [lolitical chibs in student life, it is natural that a large body of graduates should take an active and beneli- cient part in practical politics soon after leaving college. Some of these in- fluences, indeed, may be expected to show more noticeably in the future than at present, but in the past the alumnus has been by no means without prominence in state and national politics. No doubt the chief service to the state in this respect so far has come from the large body of the earnest, upright, loyal mass of alumni, who, upon all occasions, stand for good, honest government, and who, by their intelligence and energy, help to give tone to the communities in which they live. Without being politi- cians, they are ' in politics " to the great advantage of the commonw-ealth. But the roll of alumni who may be classed as public political characters, is a long and Alumni Association Stephen Mahoney, ' 77, Judge Minneapolis Municipal Court and Regent of the University. Allan J. Green, ' 79, State Senator, Lake City. rapidly growing one. To indicate these in order of importance or usefulness would be invidious. The Gopher chooses the easier task of classifying some of them by a chronological principle. The third class, that of ' 75, gave Minneapolis two active political workers. Dr. H. C. Leonard, a prohiljitionist, and Julius E. Miner, a republican, who was elected to the City Council upon a reform platform in the famous Eighth Ward contest of 1892. ' 77 furnished the Hon. Stephen Mahoney, for thirteen years judge of the Min- neapolis Municipal Court, and a member of the Board of Regents of the Univer- sity. Though a prominent democrat. Judge Mahoney upon one occasion, when his own party passed him by, was nominated and elected to his judicial position by the opposing party. Alumni Association John Finhy (ioodrunw ' 70, Republican State Committee. Fred B. Snyder. sl. President Minneapolis City Council. A sliort leap brings us to the banner class of ' 79, six of whose twenty-five members have attained political celebrity, — George H. Partridge, Senator A. J. Greer, of Lake City; C.J. Rockwood. of the Park Board; Judge W. W. Keyscr, of the District Court of Omaha; " Tim " Byrnes, assistant secretary of the treasury under Windom, and the sergeant-at-arms of the coming national republican con- vention, and John Goodnow, who holds no office, but takes a hand in making all offices, from patrolman up. After such a galaxy, later graduates must be con- tent with briefer mention. Charles Burke Elliot, SS, lud c of the Fifth District, Minneapolis Sivcr Scrunig-aril. ' int. Editor and Ke cnt I ' nivcrsity of Xorth Dakota, Devils Lake, X. D. Andrew Holt, judge of the Minneapolis Municipal Court, is a member of ' 80, as is W. W. Williams, who has served in the Iowa Legislature. A coming man in politics is Fred B. Snyder, of the next class, present president of the City Coimcil and the probable successor of Mayor Pratt. A. H. Nunn, of Minne- apolis, and Charles M. Webster and Arthur Dickernian, of Great Falls, Montana, belong to ' S ' J, and ' 83 gave to the state S. L. Trussell, of Minneapolis, and S. D Catherwood, of Austin. Elmer E. Adams, of the Fergiis Falls Journal, is a mem- ber of the class of ' 84 and is one of the editorial political forces in the state, as well as probable candidate to succeed Congressman Eddy. Charles B. Elliot, Ph. U.. of ' 88, is judge of the District Court of the Fifth District and a jnrist and political writer of wide reputation. Among the names from later classes we may note Arthur E. Giddings, ' 89, city and county attorney at Anoka; H. E. Fry- berger, of ' 90; M. D. Purdy, of ' 91, assistant city attorney of Minneapolis; Cur- tiss Sweigle, ' 91., county attorney, Wapheton, N. D. We can only regret that the fact they did not graduate prevents our incorporating in the list such names as those of John Lind, ex-member of Congress; A. H. Hall and C. J. Gunderson. Of course, this list represents all shades of political opinion and many shades of political character; but creditable as such a series of names is. The Gopher can not leave the subject without recurring to its opening thought— that every alumnus ought to be in polities in the best sense. All can not make it a calling, not many need make it a trade, but the college life and training has failed of its end if the graduates, as a body, do not a pov -erful influence for good in politics. Their minds the state has broadened, their intellect the state has disci- plined. The state then has a right to demand that they shall guard this eountr from anarchy on the one hand and corruption on the other. Alumni Associations Alumni Association Alumni in Other Fields. 1 . Graham Cox Camphell, ' 77, President Ingleside Seminary, Burkcville, Va. 2. Warren Clark Eustis, ' 73, Ph3 ' sician and Surgeon, Owatonna, Minn. (Alcmber of the first mthintin cUiss.) 3. Frank Amos Johnson. ' !S6, 4-. Charles Wilbur S.widge, ' 7? 5. James Gray, ' 85, 6. Frank Healev, ' S2, Inventor, Philadelphia, Pa. Evangelist, Omaha, Neb. City Editor Minneapolis Times. Lawyer, Minneapolis. Dow Samuel Smith, ' 88, Sttperintendent of the Minneapolis Street Railway. 8. Percival Ramsey Benson, ' 88, Journalist, Detroit, Mieh. 9. John Paul Goode, ' 89, Department of Natural Sciences, Normal School, Moorhead. 10. Susan Hawley Olmsted, ' 88, Missionary, Tin-key. 11. Joseph Kennedy, ' 86, Professor of Pedagogy, University of North Dakota. 12. George Henry Partridge, ' 79, Wholesale Dry Goods, Minneapolis. 13. Henry Martvx Williamson, ' 73, P ditor and Pitblisher, Portland, Ore. (.A fm jcr af the first rutluating- class.) 14. John Henry Barr, ' 83, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, Cornell I ' niversity. Alumni Association Graduate Students The Graduate Club. Organized 1895. Officers. President Chas. P. Berley Vice-President Clara H. Bailey Secretary, Louise McCoy Treasnrer Wm. Angus Additional Members of the Executive Committee. Frank M. Anderson. Ada B. Hillman. Horace Eddy. Members. Active. All Graduate Students of the University of Minnesota. Honorary. Members of the Faculty of the University and Other Graduate Students. Graduate Students. College of Science, Literature and the Arts. Charles A. Addetmeyer, Harry Winslow Allen, Emma Frances Allen, Frank Maloy Anderson, Louis Anderson, Martha Scott Andlkson, Alice E. Andrews, Charles Martin Andrist, William Angus, Henry Brinckerhoi-f Avery Clara Edith Bailey, George Samuel Bean, Charles Peter Berkey, Gustaye O. Brohough, Julius J. Boraas, Julius Clarence Bryant, Benjamin Frank Buck, Frank S. Bunnell, George Albertus Casseday, Lillian Hatch Chalmers, Maude Comfort Colgrove. Sarah Catherine Comfort. Nellie Malura Cross, Harry R. Daxnkr, George W. Darling, B B. S A., Northwestern, Philosophy, St. Paul B. S., ' 95, Science, Red Wing . B. L., ' 93, Literature, Ashland. Ore. B. A., ' 94, Arts, Minneapolis li. A., Gustavus Adolphns, Arts, St. Peter A., ' 92, Ohio Wesleyan. Arts, Minneapolis B. A., Caileton, Hamline B. L., ' 94, Literature, Minneapolis . B. A., ' 93, Philosophy, Garfield . B. M. E., ' 93, Minneapolis B. A., ' 92, Arts, Minneapolis B. A., Victoria University, Minneapolis , ' 92, M. S., ' 93, Philosophy, Minneapolis B. L., ' 89, Philosophy, Red Wing B. L., ' 95, Literature, Red Wing B. A., ' 78, St. Paul Carleton, Philosophy, St. Charles B. A., Yale, ' 95, Arts, Minneapolis B. C. E., ' 95, Rochester . B. S., ' 95, Minneapolis . B. L., ' 93, Literature, St. Cloud B. L., ' 90, Literature, Miinieapolis B. L., ' 91, Literature, Miimeapolis A., ' 91, Rutgers, Philosojihy, Minneapolis B. A., Macalaster, Arts, Warren -140 — Charles S. Dever, .... B. L., LL. B., Philosoiihy. Minneapolis Frank . . Bckman, . B. A., ' 95, Giistavns Adolphtis, Science, Cokato John . . Edquist B. X., Augustana College, Science, St. Petei ' Arthur Hroo Elftmax, . . B. L., ' 92, M. S., ' 93, Pliiloso])y, Minneapolis Mrs. Evans, Minneapolis Brice Fink, . . M. S., ' 94-, I ' niversity of Illinois, Philosojiliy, Dnlni(|iie, la. Nils Flaten, B. A., ' 93, Pliilosopliy, Minne:i])olis Aaron Fried.mann, University of Cincinnati, German Gymnasium, Philosophy, Minneapolis Harry A. Fowler, B. S., ' 95, Science, Moorhead William Dqdce Frost, . . . B. S., M. S., Philosophy, Madison, Wis. Thomas C. Fulton. ... B. L., ' 94, Cornell, Literature, Minneapolis Florence Gideon, B. L., ' SS, Minneapolis Martha Ruth Glass, .... University ' of North Dakota, Minneapolis James Herbert Gill, B. M. E, ' 92, Minneapolis Lawrence E. Griffin B. Ph., B. A., Hamline, Minneapolis David Griffiths, . M. S., S. Dakota .Agr. College, Philosophy, .-Vberdeen, S. D. Hannah M. Griffiths, . . . B. A., Carleton, Philosophy, Minneapolis Archibald Hadden, ... B. D., Yale, Philosophy, Muskegon, Mich. Arthur Dillwyn Hall, . . . B. A., Haverford, M. A., ' 95, Minneapolis Everhard Percy Harding, . . B. S., ' 94, M. S., ' 95, Philosophy, Waseca George Douglas Head, .... B. S., ' 92, M. D., ' 95, Minneapolis Arthur Llewellyn Helliwell B. A., ' 95. Minneapolis Ada Belle Hillman, B. L., ' 95, Literature, Minneapolis John Edward Hodgson, B. S., ' 95, Science, Minneajjolis Fred Leopold Holtz, B. S., Science, Mankato Torger Haverstad, B. . gr., B. S.,Crookston Mrs. Jaques, Gracia Latham Jenks, B. L., Carleton, Minneapolis Charles H. Kendall, . . . . C. E., Cornell, Science, Minneapolis Joseph Kennedy, .... B. S., ' 86, Philosopln% Grand Forks, N. D. Theodore McFarlane Knappen B. S., ' 91, Minneapolis Augustus Theodore Larson, B. A., ' 94-, Arts, . le. andria R. L. Leatherman, . . M. . ., Roanoke College, Philosojihy, Minneapolis Alfred Lovell, . . . C. E., Worcester Polytechnic Institute, St. Paxil James E. McAndrew B. L., ' 95, Iroquois, S. D. Louise McCoy, B. L., ' 93, Literature, Algona, la. Hope McDonald B. S., ' 94, Minneapolis William P. McKhk, . . B. A., Wabash College, Philosophy, Minneapolis Emma Maes B. L., ' 81, Minneapolis Eugene L. Mann B. A., Hobart, M. D., Hahnemann, St. Paul Frank Melville Manson, ... B. S., ' 94; M. S., ' 95, Minneapolis Freedom Chester Massey, . . . . B. A., ' 93, Philosophy, Hamline Maren B. H. Michelet B. L , ' 93, Red Wing M. Estelle MuLHOLLAND, .... B. . ., Vassar, ' 95, Minneapolis Victor Alfred Nilsox, . . . Gottenburg, Philosophy, Minneapolis Marion S. Norelius. . . . B. . ' ., Gustavus Adolphus, Arts, Minneapolis Carl Oscar Alexius Olson, . B. S., ' 95, Science, Minneapolis Oscar L. Olson, ... B. A., Luther College, Literature, Minneapolis Graduate - Students — 141 - Graduate Students C. E B. A Dora Page, George W. Peterson, . Anna E. Perkins, . Jesse Pope, Franc Murray Potter, Jane B. Potter, Francis Ramalev, Albert William Rankin, James Walter Rickey, Edith Anstis Rohbins, Louise Florence Robinson Lars A. Sahlstrom, Alice B. Sanford, Hannah Rohie Sewall Edmund Perry Sheldon, William Adair Slmonton, E. Fay Smith, Stephen Barher Soule, Mary L. Southworth, Frank Wesley Springer. Carrie Ranson Squires, Andrew A. Stomherg. . Josephine E. Tilden, Knute Hjalmer Tone, Olaf a. Tofteen, John J. Trask. . B. A., Edson N. Tuckey, Zenas Newton Vaughn, Ella Theoline Wright, Charles Elon Young, Anthony Zeleny, John Zeleny, College of Engineering, Frank Leslie Batchelder, John Adam Bohland, Charles Henry Chalmers, Leslie Howard Chapman. Peter Christianson, Horace T. Eddy, John William Erf, James B. Gillman, Albert Grarer, Noah Johnson, . I ' liiver ■84.; B B . B. A., Carleton, Minneapolis . B. A., ' 93, Arts, Minneapolis B. L., ' Bij, Minneapolis B. S., ' 95, Monticello B. A., ' 93 ; M. A., ' 95, Minneapolis B. A., Micliijian; M. A., ' 9+, Minneapolis B. S., ' 95, Science, St. Paul B. A., ' 80, Minneajjolis Rensselar PolYteclinic Institute, Minneapolis B. S, ' 95, Robbinsdale B. L., ' 92, Literature, Minneapolis B. A., Amity; M. A., Cincinnati B. A., ' 83, Vassar, Arts, Minneapolis M. A., Philosophy, St. Anthony Park B. S., ' 9-t. Philosophy, Minneapolis B. L., ' 9+, Literature, Sank Center B. L , ' 94., St. Paul . B. S., ' 95, Philosophy, Hastings . B. S , ' 87, Welleslej ' , Minneapolis B. E. E., Minneapolis B. A., Hamline, Haniline A., ' 95, Gnstavus .Adolphus, Science, Carver B. S., ' 95, Science, Minneapolis B. L , ' 95, Literature, Brewster University of Opsala, Arts, Minnea])olis y of North Dakota, Philosophj ' , Macalester .■ ., ' 93, Haniline, Philosophy, Eden Prairie B. A., ' 84, Anoka B. A., ' 94, Minneapolis B. A., ' 93, Brainerd S., ' 92; M. S., ' 93, Philosophy, Minneapolis B. S., ' 92, Philosophy, Minneapolis Metallurgy and Mechanic Arts. . B. C. E., ' 93, Civil. Stillwater B. C. E., ' 95, Civil, St. Paul B. E. E., ' 94, Electrical, Minneapolis B. C. E., Civil, Litchfield Mining, Minneapolis B. E. E., ' 95, Electrical, Minneapolis B. C. E., ' 93, Civil, Minneapolis B. C. E., ' 94, Civil, Minneapolis B. A., ' 88, Civil, Minneapolis B C. E , ' 94, Civil, Litchfield College of Law. Sewall Dubois Andrews Minneapohs Charles E. Bond, ... Minneajiohs Walter N. Carroll, Minneapolis Albert Christello, Minneapolis Frederick Butterfikld Chute, Minneapolis Montgomery L.CoRMANY Minneapolis Charles Wells Farnham, St. Paul Harry Wells Gardiner, St. Paul Frank Hammond Gricc.s, St. Paul Earl P. Hopkins St. Paul William Franklin Hunt St. Paul William Franklin Jewett St. Paul John Valentine, Kranz, Minneapolis John P. Kyle, St. Paul William E. McDonald, Minneapolis Geokce C. Merrill, Minneapolis James Edward O ' Brien, B. A., Minneapolis Rockwell Coleman Osborne Ea Crosse, Wis. L. L. Prendergast St. Paul John Cochrane Sweet, Mankato College of Medicine. William Henry Brinley, Minneapolis Herbert Arthur Parkyn, B. A., M. D., Toronto, Can. George H. Shrodes, Minneapolis GraduateJ Students College Science, Literature and the Arts. T ' ti t UnTo:—Des [)cii Mains. O » ' l benior Class « Ykli.:— Rah, Rah, Rah, Rix, Rix, Rix, Minnesota U. Ninety-six. Colors: — Lincohi Green and Old r.old. Officers. President, Elmer E. Lofstrom Vice-President Mary A. Holland Secretary Lydia M. Plummer Treasurer, A. M. Burch Orator Joel EI. Gregory Historian, Alice Webb Poet Alice Walker Prodigies, Herman N. Mattison, Mary Van Cleye History. Dark was the night and stormy, too. The wind was whistHng the tall trees through. The rain was tailing cold and drear; Yes, the signs were many that winter w;is near. The ])ictiire without VYas one of gloom. Within it was different. .Around the room One might see the marks of a woman ' s lumd ; The curtains were white, there were flowers on the stand. On a roomy divan were piled pillows red. From the comfort and cheer within quickly fled .All thoughts of the storm that was raging outside. Making one think that whate ' er else betide. He would sure l)e content in a room like this. E ' en if Heaven denied him more exquisite bliss. Not so with the woman with soft, gray hair. Who sat by the fire in a large easy chair: She was lonely, just then, and the trend of her thought Ran back to the daj-s when college life brought All the friends that she needed, and more, for you see She had been a young girl whose sweetness and glee Had brought to her side companions galore. Who vowed she was queen of their hearts evermore. In the glowing coals of the fire before her W ' ere pictures that to old times did restore her. The Senior Class « The first was one of Sophomore guile, (The remembrance brought to her lips a smile). ' Twas the sixth of September in the year ' 92, The sunshine was brijjht and the sky was Ijlue. As up the old board walk she wandered, And o ' er the future well she pondered, " Freshmen enter by basement door " Was the legend placed her eyes before. In her youthful innocence in she %Yent, And wandered about till her strength was S]]cnt In the tangled maze of the dark old hall, Where she stumbled over its contents all ; Then out again to the li.ijht of day, When all around the faces gay Of laughing Sophomores showed her mistake, And taught her well that ' twas only a fake. And from that day forth never again Did she jilace any trust in the signs of men. ' Twas gone in a moment, and the dsion fleeting Brought next to her view the first class meeting ; And how the Sophomores didn ' t come, Warned by Prexy they ' d best keep mum About that time, if they wished when alive To be numbered still with Class ' 95. The president that year was Jim, Broad of shoulder and long of limb. ' Twas well that he was a mighty man. For soon this very sociable clan Decided to give a party swell At the Guaranty Loan, yon know. Well, To make of a long one a story short, The Sophomores were out that night for sport. And muscle was needed, most by the chief. For no one came to his relief; But single handed he conquered them all, And took his fair lady quite safe to the ball. Soon after the day of St. Valentine, When many a heart was gladdened by rhyme. Another party the class did give ; For what does it profit, thought they, to live. If you don ' t enjoy it while you may. And so the Freshmen, blithe and gay. Danced the happy hours away. And with them the Seniors, so they .say. And Sophomores and Juniors, too, ' twas heard. Followed the example of the early bird And took, not the worm, but the Freshman girl. With her hair on high and well in curl. — 146 — The fire burned low tor a time, then a flanie Revealed the function Iviiovvn by the name Of Sophomore Cotillion, the first of its kind In Masonic Temple. This brought to mind An empty treasury and how ' twas found That Sophomore girls must go by the pound To a weighing party. Aud then next came That great event which is known to fame, As The Gopher election, the last at the " U., " That peaceably ran its whole course through. The board elected from Barb and Frat, Did its work all the better for that ; And the ' 96 Gopher, a work of art. In which spite and enmity had no part. Was produced by the brains of this mighty class. Which, in very truth, ' twoiild be hard to surjiass. On and on, how quickly time fled! Till thej- came to the year with Clark at the head ; A man, in truth, of whom all were proud, And all were in his praises loud. The social events of that year were few, And what there were, were nothing new. Just one class party at the home of Miss Long, Whose hospitality was a point most strong. Then the woman smiled as her thought did recall That happy night of the Junior Ball. Again she danced the glad hours through, Till the blood did leap in her veins anew. But the sad thought came to her once more, " Oh ! my dancing da ' s forever are o ' er. " Some fi-esh coal thrown on the smouldering embers Flamed up, bringing to view the members Who helped the football team to win ; Indeed, t hey did, for there was big Finn . nd John Dalrvmple and . danis, too. Who helped pull many a big game through. Next to view came Elizabeth Beach, Who all the rest of the class did teach What it meant to study and win honors high. For to her marks no one came nigh. Then the Phi Beta Kappas, one by one, Rose from the flames, though how under the sun Some of them got there, no one knew. Least of all themselves. Then to memory true Came back other classmates, a numerous throng. Who loved the right and despised the %vrong. The Senior Class The Senior Class Tliev had conic to the last sacl, happy year, When the time of pai ' tiiij; was clrawinp; near. i When thoughts ran forward and then ran bacl , For of pleasant memories there was no lack. That year there were parties, three or four, Just informal gatherings, nothing more. For many were busy with Class Day schemes. And the Senior Prom, did fill their dreams. Not to mention the studies hard V ' hich the progress of some did much retard. From the fire a sudden blaze of light Brought back the play of the great Class Night When ' 96 surpassed all others, But most in the eyes of their fond mothers. Then the promenade of the following night. The waltzes and two-steps gay and blight. Came back once more at the fire nympli ' s call, . nd the dancers, too, both large and small. The vision changed, as visions may. And now she saw Commencement Day, When all were clad in sombre black, For of caps and gowns there was no lack, A feeling of sadness was mixed with joy. In the heart of many a girl and boy. And the last " farewell " was heard and spoken, From lips that trembled and voices broken. In an instant the coals fell far apart. And the woman roused with a sudden start. How far behind her the days did seem. That had come to her in this waking dream ! She rose to look at the night outside, , nd lifted the curtains with ribbons tied. The dreary rain had ceased its falling, The wind to the trees was no longer calling. Through the drifting clouds the silver light Of the peaceful moon made sweet the night. To the lonely woman it brought a relief That was sweet and grateful, if ' twas but brief; The thought of the classmates, so dear to her heart. Gave her strength to resume in life her part, And she whispered, as once more her task was begun, " Ood bless them all, — vcs, everyone! " riembers. William Slmttuck Aheniethy, Arts, . Miinieapolis Charles Edward Adams, Arts, Fargo, N. D. Frank Leonard Anderson, . Arts, Red Wing Ella May Austin, Literature, . Minneapolis Llo_vd Barrick Austin, Arts, Woodburn, Ore. Edgar Rejfinald Barton, Arts, Minneapolis Fred Roscoe Bartholomew, Literature, . Charlton, la. Elizabeth Sophia Beach, Science, Faribault Arthur Hubert Beaven, Literature, . Minneapolis Frances Louise Bennett, Literature, Minneapolis John Nelson Berg, Literature, Minneapolis Helen Elizabeth Blaisdcll, . Literature, . Minneapolis Theodor Bratrud, Arts, Spring Valley Julia Reed Breckenridge, Arts, Decorah, la. Harry Bayard Brooks, Science, Renville Martin William Case, Science, St. Peter Herman Haupt Chapman, Science, St. Paul William Henry Condit, Science, Jersey, O. John Stewart Dalrymple, . Science, St. Paul Mary Daniels, Literature, . Wennland, Sweden Mar ' Isabella Davidson, Literature, . Minneapolis John Milton Davies, Science, Conrtland Reuben Noble Day, Science, Minneapolis Mar ' Ellen Drew, Arts, BuHington, Vt. Sidney A. Ellis Science, Austin Adolph Oscar Eliason, Literature, . . Montevideo George Henry EUingson, Literature, . Sogn Ernest M. Farmer, Literature, . Spring Valley Peter Field Science, Meora, la. George Albert Edward Finlavsnn. Arts, Crookston Wesley Sherman Foster, Literature, Dover Carl H. Fowler Science, Minneapolis Don Phelps Fridley, Literature, . . Becker Caroline A. FuUerton, Literature, . Minneapolis Lee Galloway, Science, F ' aribault Harry Gai-rity, Arts, Minneapolis James Woodward George, . Science , Rockford Elsie Carolyn (Ubbs, Literature, Minneapolis Chester Nathan Gould, Arts, Owatonna Avis Winchell Grant, Literature, Minneapolis Joel Ernest Gregorj ' , Science, St. Paul Benjamin Gruenberg. . Science, Minneapolis William David Hartman. Science, Tower City, N. D. Otto Martin Hangan, Literature, . Fergus Falls Mar3 ' E. Hawley, Literature, . Minneapolis Clark Hempstead, Arts, . Minneapolis Edwin Hawley Hewitt. Arts, Red Wing The Senior Class « The Senior Class Paul A. Higbee, Mai-y Allen Holland, . Eleanor Holtz, |ose])hine Louise Hungertoi ' d, George Smith Johnston, Charles Frederick Keyes, Alvin C. Kinney, Rhodella Kirtland, William Hamilton Lawrence, Nellie Levens, John Hoover Lewis, Emery Elmer Lofstrom, Jessie Long Almernon Wallace McCrea, Thomas Ignatius McDermott, Herman Howard Mattison, Asa Frank Maxwell, Alfred David Ma ' o, Grace Hannah Miller, Mildred Whittsley Mitchell, Mary Ellen Morteuson, Frank Johnson Morley, Wells John Mosher, Daniel Wilbur Meyers, Horatio S. Newell, William J. Osbom, Marion Alice Parker, . Maynard Cyrus Perkins, Victor Goodrich Pickett, Lydia May Plummer, Mary L. Porcher, Helen Clare Pratt, Elias Rache, . Charlotte Estelle Kobb, Alice Greeley Robbins, Katherine Ronej ' , Nels Nilson Ronning, Hiram Earl Ross, Blanche Marguerite Seeley, Lillian Siegler, Rose Anthony Simmons, Marcus Julius Simpson, Elsie Blanche Smith, Mary Chadburne Smith, Frederick James Sperry, Jessie Eliza Stevens, Grace Mable Tennant, Frances Margaret Tillotson, John Mahlon Tirrell, Arts, Literature, Science, Literature, Literature, Arts, Literature, Science, Science, Literature, Science, Arts, Science, Science, Science, Science, Science, Science, Science, Science, Science, Arts, Science, Arts, Science, Science, Literature, Science, Science, Literature, Literature, Arts, Literature, Literature, Literature, Science, Literature, Science, Literatui-e, Science, Arts, Arts, Literature, Literature, Literature, Science, Arts, Arts, Arts, Minneajiolis Minneapolis Miuucajjolis Miimcapolis Miniica])olis Minneapolis Lake City Minneaijolis W abasha Albert Lea Dean Litchfield Minneapolis St. Paul Stillwater Minneapolis San Francisco, Cal. Leavenworth, Kan. Minneapolis St. Cloud Faribault Minneapolis Zinnbrota Vermillion, S. D. Robbinsdale Mankato Minneapolis Minneapolis Albert Lea Minneapolis Minneapolis Minnea])olis Granite Falls Minneapolis Minneapolis Winthrop, la. Boe, Norway Minneapolis Minneapolis Spokane, Wash. Hastings Long Beach, Cal. Minnea])olis Minneapolis Wasioja Minneapolis Minneapolis Sauk Center Minneapolis Reuben Celius Thompson, . Peter Christian Tonning, Aljbie Minerva Trask, Alfred VVoodbridge Ulil, Mary AHams Van Clevc, Alice Eleanor Walker, Charles Edkin Wcatherson, Alice Catherine Webb, Hattie E. Wells, . Alexander Newton VVinchell, Carl Benjamin Wingate, Agnes Young Woodward, Carlton S. Yeager, College of Engineering, Metallurgy and the Mechanic Arts. Members. Science, I ' reston Science, Taojii Literature, St. Paul Science, St. Paul Park Literature, Minneapolis Arts, Minneapolis Science, . I )undas Arts, Minneapolis Arts, Minneapolis Science, Minneapolis Arts, Minneapolis Literature, Minneapolis Arts, Vermillion, S. D. Arthur Laurie Abbott, Adam C. Beyer, Robert Pennell Blake, Albert Morgan Burch, Charles H. Cross, Henry Anton Erikson, Albert tiraber, B. A., ' 88, Clive Hastings, Truman Hibbard, Charles Dutton Hilferty, Victor Hugo, Thomas Moffat Hughes, Cloyed Paul Jones, James S. Lang, Fred Winston Long, Charles Edward Magnussen Albert E. May, Victor Adolph Niel, Edward Snoad Savage, Wallace North Tanner, Herbert Merrill Wheeler, Electrical, Civil, Electrical, Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Mechanical, Mechanical, Mining, Civil, Electrical, Civil, Electrical, Mining, Civil, Electrical, Mining, Electrical, College of Agriculture Warren Wendell Pendergast, School of Agriculture. A Class. Hans K. Agre, John Agre, George Simonson Aldrich, Lewis Anderson, Albert Lea St. Paul St. Anthony Park Anamosa, la. Norman, la. . Fertile Minneapolis Bermuda, III. Minneapolis Hastings . Duluth Hudson, Wis. . Sabiii Minneapolis St. Paul Stark Minneapolis Vasa Minneapolis Minneapolis Marshfield.Wis. Hutchenson Sacred Heart Sacred Heart Freeborn London The Senior Class 1 ri6 fe Senior Class George Leslie Austin, John Vincent Bailey, Louis Benjamin Bassett. Paul Haney Burton, Key Ralph Clark, . George Craig, Frank Crippen, Albert David Cross, William Coe Currie, Eugene Nathan Disney, John William Hageman, Roger William Herrick, David Markus Holmqnist. Benjamin Terrell Hoyt, Yasharu Kato, Edwin Day Morris, Charles Nelson, Sigfried Carl Nygrcn, Fred Fritz Clarence Orniond Edward Henry Riley, Mead Truman Seaman, Lee Roy Striink, Charles Philip Taylor, Thomas Joseph Walters, Oscar Herbert Wohier, College of Law. Officers. President, Vice-President. Secretary, Treasurer, Orator, . Historian, Poet, Sergeaut-at-Arms, Nelson Peter Allen, William Angus, B. A., George Holmes Appleton, George Kimball Beldcn, B. S., Carl Herman Biorn. Lewis Bennet Booker, Frank H. Borchert, Burton Haskell Bowler, Joseph S. Bregstein, Morton Wilkinson Brewster, Cyrus Asaph Broeffle, Fergus Falls Newport Rushmore Minneapolis Janesville, L- . Eldoro, Ont.. Can. Cottage Grove . Childs Euclid Zumbro Falls Hastings Minneapolis St. Anthony Park St. Paul Tokio, Japan Lake City Rosendale Lake City Rochester Hammond Alma City Faribault Hamline Lake City St. . nthonv Park . DOLPH FrEDERICKSON C. A. Reed . E. H. ESTEY W. F. DoNOHl ' E W. T. Coe . S.B.Wilson M. W. Brewster C.J. Lai ' risch Members. Minneapolis . Garfield . Minneapolis . Minneapolis Zunibrota Pembina, N. D. Bird Island Bird Island Minneapolis Wells West Superior, Wis. -152- Clarence Zelora Brown, George T. Brown, Walter Henry Campbell, John Michael Cannon, Walter M. Carver, B. S.. Sherman R. Chamberlain, Renville Austin Chinnock, Arthur Bliss Church, William Tatnal Coe, . Joseph W. Cohen, Thomas Craven, George Franklin Dean, Otis Bernard De Lanrier, Daniel De Lury, Charles H. Dennison, Harry Lawrence Donahowe John R. Donahue, William Florence Donohue, Harry James Duerre, Walter Augustus Eckholdt, Willis Jones Egleston, Elbert Harrison Estley, Paul A. Ewert. William Neil Feltus, Andrew J. Finnegan, Edward Francis Flynn, Clans F. Forsell, . Luther Aaron Foster, Adolph Frederickson, Carl Frick, . Frank H. Gahre, Max Gartenlaub, Zeeb Prescott Gilmai., George (!erbert Gjertsen, Martin Ernest Goetzinger. Charles Ezekial Goklblum, Godftey Gummer Goodwin George Francis Gordon, E. S. A. Green, John Edward Green, William H. Gresham, Ezra Josejih Grover, . Charles John Gunderson, Harry Reid Hampton, Hugo Oscar Hanft, George M. B. Hawley, Arthur Llewellyn Helliwell, Reuben David Hill, Charles Smith HofT, . Man Minneapolis Minneapolis Alexandria Cresco, Iowa Tracy . St. Paul . St. Paul Minneapolis Minneapolis Minneapolis Watertown Minneapolis Long Prairie Ua, Ont., Can. Minneapolis St. Peter . St. Paul Minneapolis Reed ' s Landing Rochester Minneajjolis Fayette, Iowa Pipestone New Auburn Minneapolis Faribault . St. Paul Minneapolis Evan Robbinsdale Minneapolis Minneapolis Jersey City, N. J. Minneapolis Minneapolis Minneapolis . St. Paul Minneapolis . St. Paul Carleton St. Peter Alcnonionie, Wis. Vermillion, S. D. All Healing, .N. C. Minneapolis Minneapolis Minneapolis Odessa . St. Paul The Senior Class The Senior Class Theodore C. HoUenbeiger, Minneapolis Peter Andrews Holm, Minneapolis Hal K. Hnnkins, Austin Gny B. Huntington Luverne Edwin James Jones Adrian Daniel J. Keefe . St. Paul Lewis Henry Kennedy, B. A., Litchfield John Cochran King, Howard Lake Elmer Ambrose Kling, Minneapolis Augustus Theodore Larson, H. A., Alexandria Jacob Lazarus, .■...- . . St. Paul Charles Allen Lea.vcratt, Southampton, Bermuda Frank Pierce Leonard, Minneapolis William Gephard Ley, Minneapolis William Duncan McMillan, Miinieapolis Robert E. A. Manley, Dawson Freedom Chester Massey, B. A., Louisville, Wis. Edward William Matthews Minneapolis James Augustine Meade, St. Paul Frank Davidson Merchant, Minneapolis George William Meyer Minneapolis Harvey L. Mills St. Paul William DeWitt Mitchell, St. Paul Henry Monsch, Minneapolis Peter S. Neilson, Minnea])olis Adoliih Theodore Nelson, Grove City Edmund Merton Niles, Diamond Blulil ' . Wis. Michael N. O ' Brien Minneapolis Daniel .Austin Odele Granite Falls Carl Oscar Alexius Olson, Minneapolis Bernard F. Oltman, Hagar City, Wis. David Thomas Owens Minneapolis Arthur Leon Parsons, Theed, N. D. Isaac Peterson, Minneapolis Albert Roliert Pfau, Jr., Mankato William Adam Poehler, Henderson Frank Edwin Rawlings St. Paul Carl Webster Reed Cresco, Iowa Jacob Cornelius Sathre, Adams John Frederick Schurch Hastings Lewis Schwager, Bethany J. Howard Selleck St. Paul William Lyon Shepherd, Ogdensberg, N. Y. George Washington Sniitli, Minneapolis Ralph Clarence Sowle, Minneapolis Robert Butschli Stalder, Minneapolis Wilham James Stephens, Wisconsin Charles Edington Swan, St. Paul John Elliott Tappan, Minneapolis L. Latlirop Twitcliell, Minneapolis Grant Van Sant, Winona Franklin G. Wasgatt, Winnebago City Gustave Adolpli Westphall, Graceville Walter Benjamin Whitcomb Minneapolis Koby Carl White, lola, Kan. John Alexander Whitten Portland, Me. Edwin Clinton Wilson, Worthington Samuel Bailey Wilson, . . Mankato John P. Winters, ... Fayette, Iowa Frank Tyler Woodward Indianola, Iowa College of Medicine and Surgery. Officers. President, Jacob Meichen Secretary, Asa M. Johnson Historian Albert T. Birdsall Members. Dan Goodwin Beebe Minneapolis Albert Thorton Birdsall, New York City Adolph Odin Bjelland, Albert Lea Harry Bi-own, Duluth Mary Catherine Btiell, Minneapolis Michael Alpheus Bvirns, St. Paid Charles Edwin Caine, Spencer Brook Robert Allen Campbell, . lexandria Charles Rasmi Christenson Owatonna James Frank Corbett, Minneapolis Herbert Benton Crommett Amery, Wis. Warren Arthur Dennis, Sharon, Wis. Fred Arthur Drake, Rushford Robei-t O.scar Earl Minneapolis William Marshall Edgerton, Sioux Falls, S.D. John J. Fanset Milbank, S. D. Otto Ferdinand Fischer Northtield John Geiger, Osceola Mill, Wis. William .Albert Gerrish Minneapolis Luther Llewellyn Gibbon, Minneapolis Liston Quincy Greeley, Waterman, 111. Charles Theodore Grivelley Yoinig America Harry Alfred Halgi ' en, Watertown Charles Frederick Heinze, . Wabasha John Snell Holbrook, Northfield Harold Cliftbrd Howes, Springfield, Mass. Helen Hughes, Bhie Earth City Asa Miller Johnson Northfield Thomas Percy Jewell, Hudson, Wis. Louis William Krueger, Mankato The Senior Class The Senior Class Ernest McLaughlin, Lewis L. Mayland, Wilhelm L. C. Michelet, James Edward Merrill, Rose Marie Merrill, George Henry Mesker, Lewis Allen Nelson, John Eniil Palmquist, John David Pitblado. Franklin Theodore Poehlei Walter Reeve Ramsey, Christian S. Reimestad, Harrj ' Parks Ritchie, John Eliord Soper, John Andrew Sorg, George Franklin Stack, Bert George Stockman, John Alowis Thabes, . Date Kimball Thyng, Frank Stombs Warren, Louis Blanchard Wilson, . Willmar Aspeland Minneapolis Minneapolis Masonville, la- New Rome . St. Paul Princeton, 111. Minneapolis Minneapolis Grand Forks, N. D. . Minneapolis . St. Paul . Minneapolis Hastings Anoka Woodville, Wis. Brainerd Minneapolis . St. Paul . St. Paul College of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery. Members. George Goodrich Balcom, James Flourney Beck, Hirman Henry Bingham, George Baldwin Hamlin, Asajohn Hammond, B. A. Alva Gilbert Phelps, . George F. Keineke, Louis Dwight Shipman, College of Dentistry. Members. Henry Christian Beise, Winfred Ganier Benjamin, Frank Waverly Birch, George Randsom Day, Clayton C. Herrick, Raymond Daniel Kelsey, James Oscar Maguire, Charles Purnell Montgi mery, Frank Emil Moody, Robert Annand Munro, Frank Mortimer N orris, Wallace Leonard Tifft, Grand Rapids, Mich. . Minneapolis Baljcock, Wis. Minneapolis Lake City . St. Paul Dcerfield Minneapolis M apleton Hutchinson Fai-ibault . Farmington Rochester . Minneapolis East Dubuque, 111. . St. Paul St. James . New .Xuljura Tracy Hutchinson College of Pharmacy. Members. Joseph Martin Arbes, Frank E. Cady, Annali Hiird, Theodore Lewis Larson, Earl MeCidloch, . John Anton Mcisen, Matliias Moen, Benjamin Herlicr Nichols, Fred Horace WiUiams, Le Suetn ' Flandreau, S. D. . Minneapolis Kasson Chatfield . St. Paul Starbuck Northfield St. Louis Park The ' Jt Senior Class - ■ii College Science, Literature and the Arts. Motto: — Carpere et ColUgere. Yell: — Bootnerlacker Hoc! Boomerlacker Hoo! Ninety-seven , Ninety -seven , Minnesota " U. " Colors: — Lavender and white. Officers. President, Pail Willis GriLi-OKii Vice-President, Roland Thompson Wales Secretary, Mary Ward Treasurer, William James Parker Assistant Treasurers, . . C. F. W. Carlson, H. H. Woodman, R.Y. Ferner, Claribel Angle, Helen C. Woodman Poet Jane Redfield Historian, Martha Rogers Prodigy Charles Nelson Spkatt Artist, Willis C. Otis Orator, Burt L. Newkirk Prophet Roy Y. Ferner Marshal, Stephen G. Updyke, Jr. History. (T ie Ben ' ocmcnts of Junioras. — Revised Edition.) And it came to pass in the days of Cyrus, the-not-to-be-coiupared-with, that Juniorus rose up early in the morning to commune with himself. As he wjdked through the halls of his palace, he was bovi ' ed down in spirit. The air was laden with the odors of doughnuts and pancakes. The incense of -esterday ' s cabbage and corned beef ascended from the base lunch room where the wicked Gentiles ate, drank and were jolly. Juniorus was not a wine-bibber. He had set his heart like a flint to learn wisdom and psychology and to know what was truth in the earth. And Juniorus mourned thusly and as following: " My children, my children ! that once sat like green olives about my dinner table I How are they all departing in wavs I planned not for them ! My sons are led captive by the fair and deceitful daughters of the FreshmanitesI My daughters no longer go daily to the temijle to worship ! Woe, woe is I ! Verily, I will garment myself in my sack-cloth coat. I will sit on the ash heap back of the main building of my palace. All is vanity and pancakes. " Now it was so that when Juniorus was set, Freshmanorus, Sophomorus and Seniorus came by that way for to comfort him. But he refused to be comforted, and bewailed exceedingly, and cried, " I am covered with ashes round about! " Behold, about the eighth hour, a beast in the form of a black cat appeared to Juniorus. She came not to comfort him, but to wonder at his greatness of stature and beauty of countenance. To her, therefore, did Juniorus open his heart. " Three cycles of time is it since I and my children journe ' ed into this evil land. We numbered one bundled, fifty, and three souls, beside women and children. We The ' Junior Class -159 — The Junior Class thought to conquer all the tribes iVoni the river to tlie cuds of the campus. The registrar of the realm, when he welcomed us into the land, wondered at our stat- ure aud fairness. The strong; tribes fled before us. When we came, the Senioritcs got themselves hence, and have not set so much as a foot on the soil since that dav. I hired for ni} ' children all the wise men of the laud to instruct them in the ways of wisdom. My children brought to me at the end of each new moon ])arch- mcnts with one hundred little laurel wreaths inscribed thereon. " " What do they bring now ? " said the cat. Juniorus bewailed exceedingly and said, " They bring them not ! I find in their post office boxes papers on which are written — " " Flunked, " said the cat. Jnniorus continued spealdng: " They did not in that cycle make merry with the world. Thev did save their wordly possessions for foreign missions. They did go daily to worship. " " Don ' t they worship now ? " said the cat. And lo! It was chapel time. But men aud maidens sauntered to the river or lingered under the trees. And Jnniorus mourned. ■■ Platonic friendship, " said the cat, " go on. " " To make known to themselves the ways of the children of men, they chose for their leader one Louis Fraukel. He did wear glasses, over which he looked out of the corners of his eyes. He did, moreover, wear gay clothing. He did smoke a pipe. " " A corker, " said the cat. " In the second cycle did another tribe Journey hither. These did my children strive to capture. The enemy made ready for a merriment. Thcirchoscn leader did wait at the dwelling of a maiden with whom he thought to proceed to the jollity. Woe! Woe! My children did watch at the front door to capture the leader ( " laid for him, " said the cat ) ; but the chosen leader and the maiden did escape through the back door to the merriment, and my children were defeated ! " " Pretty smooth, " said the cat. " In this cj ' cle did my children become careless of the instruction of the wise men. Often did the wife men call their names, and lo 1 they were not there! " " Skipped, " said the cat. " Now did a great contention arise. Unto my children was granted to chron- icle the history of our tribe. " " Gojiher, " said the cat. " Thirteen must be chosen. " Now, Juniorus covered his head with ashes and wept exceedingly. " Some of my children did wear trinkets of gold and precious stones. These did array themselves against those who wore them not ; and they who wore them not did conspire against those who did. Each said, ' We will be seven of the thirteen or fire and brimstone . ' " " Imbeciles, " said the cat. And Jnniorus bewailed exceedingly. " My children, O my children! How did they grow wicked and blasphemous! What contention! What strife! What wounds without! They met, and a great concourse of people did assemble for to see the conflict. How did my son Stephen, the Ke(aldy, smite the table with his hammer! How did the tribes of the enemy chant sacrilegious hymns to diown the voices of the peace-makers! How many wounded ! How many slain ! Then, how did King Cyrus command that fourteen should inscribe the chronicle— seven that wore the trinkets, and seven that wore thcni not I U that my chihhen should he reproved by Cyrus, the-not-to-be-compared-with ! " In this third cycle was one Gnillbrd, the beantifid, chosen leader. " Now did Jnnioriis bewail niijjhtily; tor under a neij hborinjj tree sat two of his sons. As they sat they smoked. One, whose name was Dewart, had iinbueUled overshoes and a slouch hat. He said unto the other, whose name was Hanney, " Let us depart out of this land. Long since have I desired to flee from this stale, this tame, this unbearable land. Seven years have I dwelt here already. Let ' .s take our share of the spoils and light out. Hang it anyway ! " Then Hanney, whose collar choked him, said, " What shall we go on ? " And Dewart said, " A mum eolt, " and he straightway drew from the fold of his smoking jacket a parchment yellow with age and much use. On it was written " TACITUS. " Then did Hanney laugh and say, " A swift colt. " But Juniorus bewailed and said, " Woe, jiony ; woe ! 1 am altogether desolate, my children are gone into evil and unsound ways. The seas of sorrow have gone over nie. " Certain of my sons will to go to the heathen cannibals to preach a religion unlike wdiat I taught them. " Many of my daughters paj- little heed to the instruction of the wise men ; and are set in their minds, and especially in their hearts, to depart with certain of the tribe of Seniorites and establish certain dwelling places. " Myson, Kunze, hath gone away entirelv to acquaint himself with the evil art of chemistry. He knoweth nothing but elements. My son Newkirk, who had once a balanced mind, doth now search for strange beasts in the water. He knoweth nothing but sanitary science. " Some do sit at the feet of the wise man, Kichle, and are willed to train all manner of children in the way they should go. " Some are gone into the byways of politics and care not for the jicarls of wis- dom. They seek to rule over all people with a rod of ofHce. " Certain of my sons do now partition their hair in the centre and are clean gone into the bj ' ways of society. " My children ! How have they departed from the even narrow way I set for them ! " Then did a marvelous thing happen. The cat said, " I am the spirit of the twentieth century, the essence of a newly discovered metal whose symbol is (Plucky Person.-dity ) (Pent-up- Persistency I;. By this you and your children, O Juriorus, will make things move. Your greatness will shortly be recognized. " " Dost thou speak truth? " said Juniorus. " Sure thing. " ' said the eat. Then did the eat arise and spread its feet, head and tail as they were wings. She became a cloud; on the head was inscribed " Religion; " on the northeast corner, " Home; " on the northwest corner, " Science; " on the southeast, " Education; " on the southwest, " Polities, " and on the tail of the cloud, " Society, " for in all these should the tribe of the Juniorites excel. Now, the wise man Gale, did walk with a chloroform liottle. He spoke with himself thusly: " Well— now — well — where is that cat? " But the eat was not. Then did Gale see Juniorus in the distance, .and above him a shining cloud in the form of a black cat. Here endeth the woes of Juniorus and beginneth his glorious career, of wliich it is not permitted the pen of man to speak. The Junior Class- The Junior Class Ci.AiK Ei.wooD Ames, J r. Members. Arts, " (hmbt not of voiir wisrionl. " Arthur Edward Anderson, . . Arts, " As merry ns the tiny is lou . " — Gopher ' Uii. Claribkl Angle, .... Science, " Her lips pnrt witli a smile instead of speaking , " A J J; Y. W. C. A. Minnenpolis Red Wing Minneapolis St. Paul Emmanuel A. Artz Science, .... ' Science, sculpture and classics have played well their parts. But our lUmmanuat A. is the highest of Artz. " Scientific Chil); Republican Club. Helen Horace Austin, . . . Science " A daring niintl: a ready tongue. " v K F; Junior Specialty Company. J. Frederick Austin, . . . Literature, " He studied law, won much fame. Then hack to the .Academic came. " AxcEL Conrad Baker, . . . Science, .... " He will he a Cfesar or a nobody. " Y. M. C. A.. Shakopean; Sec. ShaUopean (2); Sec. Y. M. C. A. (2) Helen Josephine Baker, . . . Literature, " Fancy, to find her likeness, earth antl skies W ' otdfl vainly swec i, all fjaragons must fail. " Nels N. Bergheim Literature, . . Madison, S. D. " Love is lord of all and is in all the same. " Y. M. C. A.; Sliako])ean; Entered from Univ. of S. D. Agnes Emily Belden, . . . Literature, . . . Minneapolis " ' Tis better to have loved antl lost than never to have loved at all. " K KF; Knightsof English Learning; Choral I ' nion; JuniorSpecialty Company. Stanley Hall Bissell, . . . Arts, . . . Redwood Falls " Ambition is like love, impatient both of ilclays ami rivals. " — (gopher ' . (?. St. Paul St. Paul Rochester Monticello Laurence N. Booth, Arts, Willmar " An affable and courteous gentleman. Great of heart, magnanimous, courtly, cotiragetjus. ' Forum; Knights of English Learning; Dramatic Club; Class Historian (1); Sec. Forum (2); Gopher Editor (3); Sec. K. of E. L. (3). The Junior Class The Junior Class p.WGUlLFORt _J Aktiii ' R Gang Bonwlli., Fi.oKA EiJZAiiirni I?ki; vkr. A tniiiil i-c Litcrntnrc. iinllcss ) ■ NIC. ' Literature, Blue Bartli Citv Minneapiilis ' But her deep blue eyes smile er}itstantly as if they hi flisereetness Kept the seerct of a happy tlreani she t1kl not eare to speak. " K K P; KiiiHits ot Eiiulisli Learning ' . Hascal RrssELL Hrill, Jr. . . Arts, " Jiitl.Lfe me not, O FohvelL " A J ' f; Repuljlican Chilj, St. Paul WiLLAKD LOTHROP BUR.NAP, Seience, Clear Lake, Iowa " Aliise not that I thus suddenly proeeed; For what I will, I will, and there is an end. ' Y. M. C.A.; Shakopean; Senate; Oratorical A.ssoeiation; S. C. A.; Choral Union; U. M. A. A.; Chess Club; German Club; Knights of English Learning; Republican Club; Gothkr Editor (3); Treasurer Shakopean (2). Herbert Edwin Raymo.nd Bi ' rsell, Arts, .... Minneapolis " Ftfr rhetorie he eoidd mn ojie his mouth But out tlew a trope. " Y. M. C. A,; S. C. A,; Rec. Sec. Y. M. C. A. (2); Treas. S. C. A. (3). Charlotte Deming Cahoon, . . Science, .... " Xature ne -er fraaied a woman ' s heart of prouder stiili ' . " Jessie F. Caplin, Science, " Slie was a setiolar, ami a ripe ooil one, F.xeeedin wise, fair sjioken anil persnadiiii Minneapolis Minneapolis Carl FLOvn Wdi.MER Carlson, . Science, Stillwater " We .i rant, althou.i di lie had miicli wit, He was shy of usinf it. " Republican Club; Senate; Knights of English Learning; Assistant Treas. Class (3). Lucy Roherts Case, Literature, " I elif.ditful task! to rear tlie tender thought. To teach ttie yoini " iilea tjow to sliooi, " Literature, Aberdeen, S. D. St. Paul Harry Jaqies Castle, " He ' s in tove with eaeli new pretty girl tliat tie sees. But he ' s especially fond of K. Kappa C ' s. " X 1 ; V. M. . .. .; Knights of English Learning; Choral I ' nion; Senate; Repub- lican Club; Banjo Club; Carnival Club; Sergeant; Sec. Republican Club (2|. Pres. Junior Ball Association (3); Class Poet (2); Ariel Editor (2). Isabel A. Chase, Science, ' C ultent of i nnorrow ' s fate. Hubert Guv Childs Science, " .4 man of cheerful yesteniays ami contideni t jniorrows Minneapolis San Diego, Cal. The Junior Class 1 nC fe fe t Junior Class " -S- IKi pjj, Norman J. Cox Science, " He ihtes the hast his circumsLaacc .-illuw-s, ' Y. M. C. A.: Choral Union. Wasioja Hastings Minneapolis MarioiN Crosuv, Literature, " 71iu one thinf in tile wttrltl is the itetive situl. " — Unplier ' iHt. Thomas Devereaux .... Literature, " A proj eny uf learning. " MiRRAV Wilder Dewart, . . Literature, . . . St. Cloud " This winiftleil, wliining, [)urhlintt, wnywanl Itoy, This senii)r-junii)r, giant-tlwnrf Dnn Cupid. " A J ' P; I-) N E. Lucy Evelina Dickinson, . . Arts, Minneapolis " To alt she smiles extends. " — Gopher ' .)( . Hakrv Lester Dixson, . . . Science, .... Nortlifield " Do not eount your ehiekens before the.v are liatelicd. Fornni ; Dramatic Clulj; .■ ssistant Class Treas. (2); Vicc-Pres. Federated Stu- dents (3) Ariel Editor (3). St ' SANNE ThoRNE DONALDSON, St. Paul Science, .... " Stisannc Thome Donaldson {pronounce it Stif anne), " Is absent minded a trifle; but to give pain To acquaintance she would never deign. " A $; Vice-E ' res. S. C. A. (2); Gopher Artist (3); Junior Specialty Company. Lucv Bertha Dunham, . . . Literature, .... Anoka " The social smile, the sympathetic tear. " Y. W. C. A. Knights of English Learning. George Crawford Dunlap, . . .Arts .St. Paul " He wuts born under a rhyming [danet. " F ' orum; Senate. Caroline May Durkee, . . . Literature, .... St. Paul " No magnifying glass is needed for me. " K A S; Knights of English Learning; .Assistant Class Treas. (3). Jessie Gale Eaton, .... Literature, . . . Minneapolis " Blind men ever lltjck to see her, Tlic dumb to hear her speak. " K K F; Knights of English Learning; Junior Specialty Company. Mary Sophronia Evans, . . . Literature, " Her voice was ever soft, gentle and low. ' Tamazine McKee Evans, . . Literature, " A woman of a stirring life Whose heart is in her house. " Knights of English Learning. Witan K. of E. L. (3). Minneapolis Minneapolis The Junior Class The Junior Class- Fkank ClI ' MENt Fai ' df. . . . Arts Minneapolis ' " He speaks the truth, how wise, httw m hlc. How youn , how rarely reaturctt. " Iil- n; Foi-uni; Vicc-I ' rcs. I ' onnn (3); ( ' .i)i ' ni;k Fditor (3 ) ; Treas. Dramatic Cliil). Rov Valdinc Fkknkk, . . . Arts, .... Hampton, Iowa " He insists on speakinf harharously. " V. M. C. A ; Shakopeaii ; Federated Council ; Senate ; K. of E. L.; Class Prophet (3); Assistant Class Treas. (3|; Class Football Team (3); Sec. Shakopean (2). Elizabeth MAdEi, Fisii, . . . Literature, " Nature never framed a woman ' s heart of Better stufi ' than that of Queen Bess. " Minneapolis Jamks V.S. FiSHHK Arts Minneapolis " A merry, ninihle (?), stirring (?l spirit. " Foriim; Federated Students; Critic Forum (3); 2d Sergeant Co. " B. " Charles Gibbons Flanagan, . . Litei-atnre, . . . Mankato " Franicil in the prodigality of nature. " V F; Y. M. C. A ; J :2; Choral Union; Band; U. M. A. A ; Student Volunteer Movement; Football Team ( ' 91- ' 93l. AfGUST Foss, Senate. Elizabeth Foss, n n ' P. Science, " An . inerieanized Viking. " " ( ' ientl - to Iiear and kin lly to Juflfze. ' Rusht ' ord Loris RiiioLFMi Fuankel, Literature, St. Paul " never erih and I never cut, and I Never drink r r smoke, hut I smile . I1 day, in my own sweet way. At my little harmless jokes. " Knights of English Learning; Mandolin Club; Smokers ' Club; Sons of Rest; Pres. Class (1); Corporal (1); Sergeant (2). William Henrv Oareield, . . Literature, " He sj)eaks :iu inlinite fleni of notliinff. ' U. M. A. A. Paul Maurice Glasoe, Arts, " Though modest, on llis unembarrassed Brow Nature had written ' A f enttenian. ' Forum ; German Club; Assistant in Chemi.stry (3). Gertrude Helen Gould, . . . Literature, " Of all the treasures fair to see, A tinv Ring is the thin for me, " Y. W. C. A. Glendive, Mont. Spring Grove Minneapolis The Junior Class -109- The Junior Class ' i J %. fi. I IKH ' - - - — ' f.VA VIIKr.l.Klt J r ' ix-, ' Nellie Harriet Grant, . . Science, .... Peoria, III. " They sin wliu tell ns Invc vziil the. " Knights of English Learning; Y. W. C. A.; S. C. A.; Choral Union; Sec. Min- erva (3); Vice-Pres. S. C. A. (2); Assistant Class Treas. (1); Class His- torian (2). Janet Gray Science, .... Minneapolis " A student indcetl is Jnnct Only, And of her faults there is nothing to say. " Y. W. C. A.: Minerva; Assistant Class Treas. (2); Vice-Pres. Minerva (3). New I ' lm DiEDERicii August Grusendorf, . Science " He is a fellow of ood respect. " Y. M. C. A.; Choral Union; Shakopean. Paul Willis Guilford, . . . Arts, Minneapolis " All the courses of my life do show that I Am not in the roll of common men. " Fornin; Oratorical Association: Politico-Historical Union; Republican Club; Pres. Class(:!); Pres. Fornm(3); Corporal(2); Managing Editor Ariel(8). John Robert Rigbv Hannev, . . Science, .... Fort Snelling " John Robert Rij hy Hanney, who comes from the " post ' . Is as elegant a f entleman as the U. of M. can boast. He ' s devoted to K. K. G. ' s, oft visits the BrcwerUe), And knows no more of study than Hamlet ' s ghost. " . J $; P) N E; Choral Union; (51ee Club; Engineers ' Society; Sergeant (1 ) Winner Glenn Medal (2). Edward Taylor Hare, . . . Science, " As you grow ready for it, somen ' here or other. You will find what is needful for you in a book. " Robert A. Hastings Science, " Much can be made of a man if he be caught young. ' X W; U. M. A. A.; Republican Club; Class Artist (1). Minneapolis Minneapolis Rushtbrd George . lfred Hansen, . . . Literature, " Her bright smile haunts me still just now. " Forum; Senate; Choral Union; Republican Club; Federated Literary Soci- eties; Class Football Team (3); German Club; Pres. Forum (3); Sec. German Club (3). Anna McDonald Hawley ' , . . Literature, " Oh! my, there shall be no talking in heaven. ' K K r. Lincoln Hill Literature, " Steadiness is the foundation of all virtues. " Y. M. C. A.; Shakopean. Minneapolis Crestoii, 111. The J Junior Class The t Junior Class« i " 1 SA OK J " ' y n,, W fi CrtlMK " Oliver Hii.l, Y. M. C. A. Literature, " Bcu ' iirc ut ' the fury of il [tnticnt mun. " Lee, 111. Sutherland, Iowa John Russki.l Hitchings, . . Arts, . ' M j honest man, ch se hnttoncfl to the ehin, Broad cloth without, nnd n warm heart within. " Entered from Bueua Vista College (2); Y. M.C.A.; S.C.A.; Forum; Class Foot- ball Team (3). James Elliot Holmes, Literature, " JameA E. lluhnes lielongs to the gang. And for profs and girls he doesn ' t give a dang Mak ' Y Loomis Hooker, A . Literature, " Tllis is a queer girl named Mary, Who is most admirably scary. She ' ll Jump at a touch. And her scream is such That everyone wonders at Marv. " Moorhcad Minneapolis George Reed Horton, . . . Science, . . . Algona, Iowa " From the crown of his htad to the sole of his foot he is all mirth, " i ' Aee Chdi; Republican Club; Choral Union; Knights of English Learning; Senate; Gopher Editor (3); Dramatic Club; Fortnightly Scientific Club; U. M. A. A. Lawrence Eustace Horton, Science, Duluth " lie at rest, not e ' er active. Rather all your time employ, .A t each dreamy recitation. Thinking of your maid of Troy. " W V; H N E Mandolin Club; CaneRush(2); Corporal(2); Business Man- ager of Mandolin Club (31; Gopher Editor (3); Junior Ball Association; Sophomore Cotillion; U. M. A. A. Fred Hixley, Science, " The night is in his hair. The sunset, in his cheeks. ' J ' -); HNE; Gopher Editor (3) (resigned). EuMUNi) Gale Jewett, . . . Arts " A Just man, even in politics. " V. M. C. A.; Forum; Vice-Pres. Class (2); Pies. Forum (2). John O.Johnson, Science, Plainview St. Paul Hanska " SIo i " , rc[_a )d and a wkw,iril. For a parlor unfit. But behind this mask There is much wit. " Shakopean; Senate; Sec. Shakopean (3). — 173 — The Junior Class 1 tie fe « 2 Junior Class George Henry Johnston, . . Science, " Natlling ill can dwell in this temple ' (- J X; Y. M. C. A.; Foiuin. Minneapolis Minneapolis Owatonna Katherine Kennedy, . . . Literature, " Barth is a desert drear. Heaven is my home. " K K -T; Knights of English Learning; Class Artist (2). Fayette. C. Kinyon Science, " Plnek np thy spirits, Iftnk cheerfully at me. " f r z); Mandolin Club; U. M. A. A.; Junior Ball Association; Corporal (2); Sergeant (2); Color Sergeant (3). Harold Koren, Literature, . . . Montevideo " sny the earth di l jnalie wlien I was horn. " William Frederick Kunze, Science, Sleepy Eye " Your capacity is of that nature that to your large store Wise things seem foolish and rich things but poor. " Y. M. C. A.; S. C. A.; U. M. A. A.; Shakopean; Republican Club; Senate; MeiTie Goe Club; German Club , F. S. S.; Camera Club ; Chemical Society ; Minnesota Educational Association; Sec. Shakopean (1); Pres. Merrie Goe Club (2); Class Treas. (21; Pres. Shakopean (2); Marshall Shakopean (2); Sec. Camera Club; Oratorical Association; Assistant in Chemistry (2) and (3); Editor-in-Chief Gopher (3). Abhie Bailey Langmaid, . . . Science, .... Granite Falls " Her ways are ways of pleasantness and all her paths are peace. " n B $; . W. C. A.; Choral Union; Knights of English Learning. Algernon Herert Lee, Science, " He ' d undertake to prove by force of argument, A man ' s no horse. " Minneapolis A 2; Senate; Ariel (1); Pres. I 2 {2): Sec. J 2 (2); Pres. Senate (3); Feder- ated Council (3). RoBB E. Lincoln, Science, .... Fergus Falls ' Wliy should not conscience have vacation. As well as other courts, of the nation. " Athletic . ssociation ; U. Basket Ball Team (3); Junior Football Team (3). Daniel 0. Loe, Science, " . _r aim is Iiigh, tny name is Loe, To span the gulf I am too slow. " Frank Bertrand Longfield, . . Literature, " have a man ' s mind but a woman ' s might. ' Elizaheth Luce, . . . . Literature, Minneapolis St. Paul Minneapolis AAA. " Of all the triangles in the U This is surely the nearest true. " The Junior Class- The Junior Class _JSl .SAS ' IK M.U.SON J (martiiarookuFj ' i t Ai.hkrt BrsuNKi.i. Love, . . . SciciK-e Minneapolis " He came to college from the West, Without his M iiidic, hut u new pink vent. " X ' I ' ; Knights of English Learning; U. M. A. A.; Republican Clulj; Junior Ball Association. Kate MacDermid, .... Science, " Sineere. plain hearted, hospitaljle and liinil. " J J J; Y. W. C. A. Harriet MacDonald, . . . Literature, " (Generous, full of entie ijnalities, Inea taljle of base conifjliauces. " K v F; Knights of English Learning: Gother Editor. Minneapolis Minneapolis St. Louis, Mo. Charles McClure, .... Literature, " Surpassed hy few In pt wer of mind and eloijuent diseourse. " i K " P; Boat Crew (2); Track Team; Knights of English Learning; Sopho- more Cotillion Association; Junior Ball Association; Cane Rush (2); Car- nival Club; Choral Union; Glee Club; Oratorical Association; Athletic Asso- ciation; Sergeant; Corporal (2); Gopher Editor (3). Li ' LiE MacGregor, .... Litei-ature, " My lady Iiath a smile for all, A kindly word for each. " Knights of English Learning; Choral Union (1); Gopher Editor. WiLLiA.M Seward Mann, Literature, " He trudged along, unknowing what he sought. And whistled as he went for want of thought. " Flora Mantor, Science, " She rained the nine parts of speeeh day and night. ' Hannah Mattisun, .... Literature, " Her smile was prodigal of summery shine. " Ernest B. Mills, .... Literature, " Learning hy study must he won, ' Twas ne -r entailed from son to son. " J T J; Junior Ball . ssociation. Burt J. Miner, Science, ' ds, I am a man after my own heart. Minneapolis Minneapolis Willmar Minneapolis . St. Paul Berlin, Wis. Forum; Civil Service Reform Club; Class Orator (2); Carnival Club; Editor Ariel (2); Junior Ball Association; Sec. Republican Club (3); Sec. Forum (3); Class Orator (2); Wis.-Minn. Debate (3). Kai ' lh William Nelson Arts, Benson " The cock loft is not always empty, in those Whom nature has built many stories high. " The Junior Class Shakopean; Politico-Historical Union; Sec. Shakojjean (1). The Junior Class ml Burt Lerov Newkikk, . . . Arts " only speak right on; T tell you that which you yourselves do knoxw " Fonuu; Editor Ariel (H). Alfred A. Norton, Forum. Science, " Tills is , ' i gooillv sort of a fellow. " Charles Bernard Oetteson, Arts, Minneapolis Minneapolis Montevideo " I ' roni the wny Norsk mimes tin run, y in woiilil know he ' s Otto ' s son. " Willis Clark Otis, Literature, Janesville, Wis. " Wlutt, though success will not attend on nil, Who bruvelv dares, must sometimes risk a fall. ' Kiii hts of English Learning; Republican Club; Smokei-s ' Club; U. M. A. A. Holy Seven; Cane Rush (2); Class Artist (3). William James Parker, Science, ■ ' .l hlither heart till (H)Ellen came Did never love nor sorrow tame. " Camden Place B ' -) IT; Y. M. C. A.; S. C. A.; Knights of English Learning; Athletic Associa- tion; Class Treas. (3); 3d Sergeant Co. " B " (2); Treas. Y. M. C. A. {H); Business Manager Gopher (3). Ivan Arthi ' r Parry, Mankato Science, .... " lie often burns the midnight oil. " W r;0NE K B Glee Club; Class Football Team; ' Varsity Team (3); Cane Rush (1) and (2); U. M. A. A.; Glee Club (1); Junior Ball Association. Alhert Pkaender, .... Literature, . . . New Ulni " So wise, so young, they say do ne ' er live long. " S J X; V. M. A. A.; Knights of Engl ish Learning; German Clul); Assistant Registrar (3); Editor Ariel (3). Fred Pitts, Minneapolis Science, " Truly, would the gods had nintic thee poetical. " A 2; Knights of English Learning; Corporal Co. " C " (2); Treas. J i ' ; Record- ing Sec. J 3 (3). Marion Effie Potter, Literature, ' Thou living ray of intellectual lire. Minnea])olis Red Wing William Rowell Putnam, . Arts " lie will make his mark. " $ KW; Y. M. C. A.; Knights of English Learning; Holy Seven; Republican Club; Smokers ' Club; U. M.. .A.; Class Prodigy (2). Sophomore Cotillion; Junior Ball Association ; Assistant Football Manager ( 3 ) ; Footl)all Manager (3). The dt Junior Classv ft The Junior Class Merritt Mellen Ring, Owatonna Anrl yet I ha vc not seen stj likely an nnihassaclor of love. " Y. M. C. A.; Sliakopeaii; Choral Union; Athletic Association; Oratorical Asso- ciation; S. C. A.; U. of M. Senate; German Club; Sec. Shakopean (1 ). Abigail Riplev, Minneapolis " She was a woman who did her own thinl in , and needed hnt little adviee. " William Burchard Roberts, Minneapolis ' M dialeet beyond our ken. The accents of an unknown tongue. " I T A Athletic Association; Sophomore Cotillion Association; Junior Ball Association. Mabel Robinson, St. Paul " This is a maiden named Alabel, To dance, talk well, she is able. " KKF. Martha Rogers, .... Literature, . . . Minneapolis " She moves a goddess, And she looks a queen. " K K F; Knights of English Learning; Choral Union. Linnaeus Tyndal Savage, . . Arts, Minneapolis " What zeal, what fury hath inspired thee now. " Q J X; Y. M. C. A.; S. C. A.; Knights of English Learning; Forinn; Republican Club; Federated Council; Senate; Pres. Y. M. C. A. (3); Pres. S. C. A. (3); Vice-Pres. Y. M. C. A. (2); Pres. Forum (2); Gopher Editor (3). Paul Gerhard Schmidt, . . . Arts, Minneapolis " Look, he is winding up the watch of his wit. Soon it will strike. " Forum; Federated Council (3); Forum Football Team; Junior Football Team. Harry F. Simmons Science Minneapolis " The Lord lovetli a cheerful liar. " i Af). Earl Simpson, Literature, .... Winona " Write me down a student. " Joseph Franklin Smallidge, . . Science, .... Faribault " Headstrong as an alligator on the banks of the Nile. " S. C. .A.; Shakopean; Forum; Senate; U. M. A. A.; RepubHcan Club; Knights of English Learning; Oratorical Association; Corporal (2); Class Statistician (1 ); Class Baseball Team. Harry Benjamin Smith, . . . Science, . . . Dubu(|ue, Iowa " .I ha{}less infant here I roam. Far front my maternal home. " Y. M. C. A.; Forum; Knights of English Learning; Oratorical .Association. — 180 — Russell Paii. Simckr, . . . Science, " .Much study is a weariness ol tile ticstl. ' A J ' t; K !! ip; luiiior B.-ill Association. Charles Nelson Spratt, . . Science, " Doc Sfjratt could eat ntt Int. " Willmar Miiineapolis .4 J ■?. WiLLLiM T. Thompson, Adelaide M. THOiMPsox Science, ' I ' 11 example you with ttiicvery. " St. Croix Falls, Wis. Hastings Literatuic, " She ' s little, you don ' t wish her taller. Just half through her teens is her age. " J F; Knifjhts of English Learning. Frances .Marion Toms, . . . Literature, . . . Minneapolis " Good nature anti good sense must ever Join. " Stephen Gould Updyke, Jr., . . Science, Waseca " Eternal sunshine settles on his heail. " Y. M. C. A.; U. M. A. A.; Oratorical Association; Ke]nil)lican Ckib; Senate; Sliakopean; Choral Union; Chess Club; Politico- Historical Union; Class Football Team (3); Class Pres. (2); Pres. Oratorical Association (3); Sec. Politico-Historical Union (3); Sergeant (2); Dramatic Club. Mary Ward, Arts, Minneapolis ' ■ am hut a stranger here. Heaven is my home. " Y. W. C. A.; S. C. . .; Knights of English Learning; Ladies ' Tennis Association; Class Secretary (3); Sec. Y. W. C. A. (3); Editor Ariel (31; Pres Y. W. C. A. (3). Florence Maiiel Weston, Science, " Surpassed by tew in po wers of mitul. " EVa Gertrude WiiEELKR, . Arts, .... " A maiden never hold; of spirit so still and ijuict. " Annie M. White, Arts, . " My tongue within my lips I rein. For who talks much must talk in vain. ' M inneajjolis Minneapolis Minneapolis . St. Paul F. Otto W ' illus, .... Science, .... " Coml}S down his hair; look. ' look. ' it stands on end. " B y 77; Forum; Junior Ball .Association; Camera Club; Treas. Civil Service Reform Club (3). Carl Angell Wold, Science, Brandon " 1 go, I go, look, how I go. Swifter than an arrow from the Tartar ' s how. " The Junior Class The Junior Class ■ ' ■ 6»-. Helen Cei.estia Woodman. Literatui-e A- .4 e. " Wdincn low her, tliat she is a Kvarnctl. More worth than uny man: That she is tlie rarest iff.-tll wonieil. " Ellen May Yancy, .... Literature, ' She .s joA ' C no more timn i ' lst tite thiii slie otijj lit. " . St. Paul Edina Mills College of Engineering, rietallurgy and flechanic Arts, riembers. George Becker, Milling Minneapolis " Men are but ehiUIrcn of taller growth. " Daniel Buck. Electrical, . . Eau Claire, Wi.s. " In choosing hobbies lie s in luck, For safety wheel does not Buek. " Louis Paul Chapin, .... Chemical, . Leominster, Mass. " He ran in debt by disputation. And paid with ratioeination, " Engineers ' Society. Robert Craig, Mechanical, . . . Minneapolis " Worth makes the man anil want of it the fellow, The rest is alt leather or prtitiella. " Engineers ' Society. George L. Chesnut, .... Electrical, . . . Minneapolis " He never killed any of his friends. " Engineers ' Society; 1st Lieut, . rtillery (3); 1st Lieut. Co. " D " (3); Ariel Edi- tor (3). Frederick H. Curtiss, . . . Mining Minneapolis " .■i man eannot be judgeil by appearances. " Hans F. M. Dahl Electrical, . Ratha P. O., Iowa " The most beautiful destin — to have genius and he obscure. " Engineers ' Society. Homer M. Derk, Mechanical, " He married a wife of richest dower. Who lived for fashion as he for po wer. " Engineers ' Society; Camera Club. James Jesse Garvey, Turbotville, Penn. Mechanical, .... Richfield " Of a free and open nature. " Engineers ' Society; Corporal (2); 3d Sergeant |3); Gopher Editor (3). The Junior Class The Junior Class HiiRBERT Clifton Hamilton, . , Chemical, . . Sandv Lane, Pcnn. " He is the mildest mannered man That ever scuttlcil ship or cut a throat. Engineers ' Society; Choral Union. Frank M. Hkwitt, .... Civil Minneapolis " Doin in the figure of a Inrnh the feats of a lion. " The Junior Class EoBERi " A. Lee, James H. Linton, James Henry Loxie, Civil. . " Let HJf silent be. " Chemical, . " .-I illoustuche which tlocs wear a man. ' Klectrical, " In matlieniatic. be u ' as greater Than Tyeho Urahe orErra Pater, for he hy f eornetrie scale Coiilil take the sixe of pots of ale. " Grand Meadow Minneajjolis Fremont Engineers ' Society. Red Wing Olaf Gottleib Frederick Makkiius, Electrical " Vend ' Xfarkhiis lias a lean anti Itungry look. " Engineers ' Society; German Club; Treas. Engineers ' Societ ' (3); Class Statis- tician (3); Librarian and Secretary U. Band (3). Hkriiert Charles Maughan a: W. Electrical, " .Alias Molly, ah ' as Dr. Synta.x, alias Wigj les. With alt his aliases one likes him still. " William Lot Miller. . . Electrical, " Mechanic slaves with greasy aprons, rules anil hammers. ' EroENE Clarence Mills, Electrical, " Whence is thy learning? llath thy toil O ' er books consnnied the midnight oil? Frank Xavier Moonev, . . . Mining, " Hear the strong music of thy drum. " Mortimer A. Myers. Electrical. " Of military drill he had his fill, But a frientf in chess he continued still. ' Clyde Samtel Phelps. . . . Electrical. " Keeping everlastingly at it brings success. " Henry Dickenson Silliman. . . Mechanical. " He knew what ' s what, and that ' s as high As metapbysic wit can fly. " Engineers ' Society: Journal Club. Brainerd Winona Minneapolis Minneapolis Minneapolis Minneapolis Hudson. Wis. The Junior Class « Daniel Roy Swem Civil St. Paul " O j keep mc itiaoccnt, make others reat. " B TI; Engineei ' s ' Society; Jtmior Ball Association. Roland Thompson Wales, . . Mining, .... Minneapolis " jYo itlan here hut honors yoit. " Frank B. Walker, .... Civil Minneapolis " The Faculty took sueli a likh} ttt ine that they askeil we to stay another year. " Frederick Walter Webber, . . Chemical St. Paul " Ah me! what perils do environ The man that mefhlles with iron. " Engineers ' Society; Quartermaster Sergeant (3). Howard Howe Woodman, . . Civil, St. Paul " He s but a eliild of a larger growth. " B It) 77; 77 2; Engineers ' Society; U. M. A. A.; Captain Cane Rush (1); Man- ager Cane Rush (2); Sec. and Treas. So])homore Cotillion , ssociation; Carnival Club; Sec. U. M. A. A. Frank Zimmerman, .... Electrical, . . . Rochester " Eternal smiles thy emptiness betray. " — Gopher ' 96. Clarence J annk ZiNTHEO, . . Electrical, . . . Minneapolis " Ta-rn ra-ra X-z-zintheo. " — Gopher ' 96. College of Agriculture. Andrew E. Stene Ashley " Man delights not me — no nor woman either. " J 2; Camera Club. Joel Gunderson Winkjer Oartiehl " Who stoops to nothing save a door. Band; Big Four Quartette; Sub. on ' Varsitv Team (2). I ' resi lent, Vice-President, Secretary, Trciisnrer, James Theodore Anderson, Beyer Anne, Oscar Frank BerkcA-, John Sparrow Brand, Horace Heeny Burton, Harley Ezra Chaffer, Lyman B. Denison, John Clark Enstis, Knnte Olaus Finseth, Thomas Geoghegan, . George P. Grout, Iver Haugen, Leigh Harrison Hopkins, Henry Hovland, Clarence C. Hunter, Otto Krogstad, George E. Lamout, All)ert William Lancaster, George William Lemery, Arthur James McGuire, William Henry Xewman, Philip Henry Norton, Carl Olstad, William Walter I ' aulson, Sidney Lloyd Pennington, Harry Boyd Per Lee, Edgar Eaton Raveill, Frank James Ryder, Victor Alfred Sandburg, Albert Lee Sa -ers, George William Strand, Frank Kelly Swenson, Porteous Thompson, Thor Dover Thorson, Fred Burke Trulson, . Otto Oscar tHilhorn, . Weldon Van Slykc, Clarence Whitaker, Robert Henry Woodburn, John Fredrik Ziemer, School of Agriculture. B Class. Vkli.: — . gri-cultur. ' i ' linne-so-ta, Nona ginta septeni! Kah! Rah. Colors: — Maroon and white. Officers. Members hen L. S. Pennin(;ton A. R. Bkown P. H. NOKTON J. T. Anderson Vasa Starbuck Farmington Faribault Minneapolis Worthington Oak Center Minneapolis Kenyon Webster . Luverne Kenyon Bloomington Norseland St. Anthony Park Pelican Rapids Wabasha . St. Paul Inkster, N. D. Hegbert Valley, Out., Can. . Oakland Hanska . Cando, N. D. Minnea]jolis Stillwater St. Paul Park . Btiffalo Albert Lea Lakefield Taylors Falls Ortonville Houston . St. Paul Prescott, Wis. St. James . Castle Rock Point Douglas Tennej ' Waltham The Junior Class The Junior Class 1 m.iiiJU ' - College of Law. Officers. President, Cari, L. Wallace Vice-President J- H. Selleck Secretary W. B. Judd Treasurer L. L. DoDOij Historian Jos. Chapman Pooli Ball F. Arnold Socrates S. Evans History. The class of ' 97are firm believers in the old theory of the survival of thefittest, and if, like former classes, we are to take the Dean ' s word as law, we are about the fittest thing that ever happened at our college. Were it not for the fact that Dean Pattec has been gnilty of using the following words on former occasions, " This, in my judgment, is the best and brightest Junior class I ever had under m - care, and by saying that I do not wish to speak disparagingly of my former classes, " we might soar with a certain fly — " Who fell into a molasses jug, And emerged a sadder but wiser bug; He climbed up high and he cried out loud, ' Though I am stuck tip I am not proud. ' " It is said liy our friends that the Dean has at last discovered the class he truly believes measures up to the ten coiiimandniciits.and that it is ' 97. In addition to having a deep knowledge on all matters of law, we are justly proud that in the realm of gormandizing we also excel. None of us will ever forget the five consecu- tive meetings held by the class, the grave and .sublime thoughts expressed by our orators, and the beauty and gentleness with which, as an outcome of these afore- said consecutive meetings a motion was overwhelmingly carried to tax each member of the class thirty-five cents a piece to r;iise a fund with which to provide a banf|uet, to be held at either the West Hotel or fiuaranty Loan. The enthu- siasm knew no bounds when some si)endthrift member in the choicest language yet used in all the deliberations, moved that the ante be raised fifteen cents in order that we might have cigars. Dean Pattee and Professor Paige with us. The feeling having by this time been aroused to a pitch whei ' e money matters were a secondary consideration, the motion was carried, only a few of the more conserva- tive voting nay. The occasion happened, and everything passed off in a joyful manner. The Dean made a few careful remarks, in the course of which he said the occasion reminded him of his early days at college when he had to sleep on a board bunk with no mattress, and his meals consisted of crackers and milk for breakfast, milk and crackers for dinner, and just plain crackers for supper Other things were said during the evening, and what proved one of the most enjoyable functions of th winter was brought to a close by singing one verse of the favorite college song— " Come ye disconsolate, where ' ere ye languish. " The class of ' 97 is made up of ' ' many men of many minds, " having members from nearly all the professions and business callings of life, one of the most faith- ful of our members being the present postm;ister of Minneapolis. The Junior Class The Junior Class •f The Junior Class » • J » •♦ R_il R._ J Sf Cr - — ' -r , The Junior Class«.58 We have many peculiarities and quite a few good traits and faces, as you will observe by viewing our likenesses, wliicli have been placed here lor your benefit. We appreciate the honor which chance has bestowed U])on us in being the only class to graduate in ' 97, and we doubt not that we will be able to rise to the occasion. riembers. Frank Arnold, St. Paul Frank H. Borchert Bird Island John M. Bradford, Minneapolis William H. Bumes, Minneapolis Joseph Chapman, Jr., Gainesville, Ohio Jean Baptiste Belanger Ue Beltrand, Minneapolis Louis L. Dodge Minneapolis Henri Duval, Minneapolis Scott Ford Evans MinneaiJolis George Robert Folds, Minneapolis John Ezra Fritz, Minneapolis Franklin G. Hobrook, Minneapolis Ernest C. Hosmer, St. Louis, Mo. Moses Scott Jamar, Jr., Merriam Park Elmer James Jellico, Minneapolis Wilton Brewster Judd, Minneapolis Nicholas C. Lehnertz, .... ...... St. Paul George Benjamin Leonard. . . Minneapolis Colman Osborne, La Crosse, Wis. Richard Paul Wakefield, N. H. Rufus Irving Pratt, Minneapolis Thomas Hill Pridham St. Paid William Charles Putnam, Minneapolis Isaac Francis Rice, Minneapolis James Rivencs, St. Paul Charles Lincoln Sawyer, Minneapolis Howard J. Sellick St. Paul Hiram A. Simons, St. Paul Claude Edward Southwick . . . Wells George Hancock Spear, B. L., . . . . . . . . Minneapolis Daniel Sternberg, Minneapolis Arthm- J . Stobbart, St. Paul William J. Sullivan, Merriam Park Robert S. Taylor St. Paul George Bowler Thompson, St. Paul William Govdd Thompson, Minneapolis George E. Todd, Kendellville, Iowa Jed Linwood Van Loan Minneajiolis George Tobias Vorland Minneapolis Carlton Lyman Wallace, Minneajjolis David Wallace St. Paul Charles Rudolph Zschan, ... St. Paul The Junior Class The Junior Class t l hcwi K l ANICHOI ' v ' ' % CCf APfMim College of Medicine and Surgery. CoLOKs; — Sciirlct and Black. Officers. President, Elmer E. Harrison Vice-President, Rose A. Bebb Secretary, James S. Gilfillan Historian, . . (iENTZ Perry ' i? ;-f The Junior Class History. Uncle Sam, after he had completed the first great trans-continental railroad, sat down on a pumpkin, wiped the sweat offhis brow, and figured up the size of his famih-.- Finding that it had increased to about seven million, he decided to select seven score of the brightest (?)■ ' and have them instructed in the art of dis- pensing paregoric and other articles of diet used to produce sleep and create smiles. " With this object in view we were turned over to the tender mercies of Dean Millard. We found a curly headed boy, adopted by " Brother Jonathan, " and as he had good lecture notes, we soon made his acquaintance (and borrowed his notes), till now, by " George, " we are all right and he has learned to part his hau ' in the middle just like " Coxy. " The first thing we had to learn was the Facultj-. After our first meet with this awe-inspiring body, we found that they had taken advantage of their position and made meat of someof our predecessors. This process " has been repeated so often that we are really beginning to believe that " while many were called, but few will be chosen. " Our vuibounded genius was well provided for, and we made the personal ac- quaintance of the " Faculty. " A large amount of instruction was given us though some of it w as rather " diagramatic. " On the last day of school the professors gave us cards ' accompanied by urgent invitations to write full exijlanations of the facts siqjposed to be in possession of the happy (?) recipient, but which were later found to be either " lost, strayed or stolen. " The most worthy (? I of our tribe were duly labelled " Sophomore. " We were ushered into the new labora- tory, wheie bugs were studied from early till late. There were big bugs, swell bugs and even humbugs, in tiibes and on plates, fixed up, washed, purged with -195- 1 lie i f t Junior Class fire and brimstone and otherwise regenerated till they beeanie a sight to liehold. A few dog gone experiments ' - ' served to break the monotony of our quiet and industrious lives. When occasions presented themselves we were always found invincible. The cane rush, the numerous baseball and football games with the Laws and the various inipronijitu meets on the cam])us, stand as monuments ot our heroism and manly valor. In closing, we feel that a cha))tcr should be devoted to Perkins, our first ' •prexy, " and Han-ison, our present pater t ' nmilias, but as it is better to make hi.story than to write it ; better to do something worth recording than to relate accounts of victories already achieved, we shall leave this task to our successors. We, as a class, are too intent upon the possibilities of a bright futm-e to spend any time in detailing the past, too intent to fit ourselves for the noble work of benefiting mankind to relate the good already done. 1 Carmen in written i iiiz. ' J See census of tST ' K Thc larties at ' tlie chiss were born since, i 3 See Brigg s, Blakeslcc and " Dr. " Ivcrson. 4- Oral cjuiz. o When one meets Itis mother-in-law. (i See illustrntions, " lielhre " and ' Wfter. " 7 ProhalAy in rcmemlirance of their former S. S. teaelicrs. .s The lar ' csi liactcriohi y class in the worlil — X20 memtyers. V .isle Wilco.x and Xlillcr where the iloi has f one. riembers. Francis Harley . lcxander St. Paul Mason . llen Grafton, 111. Edwin Clark . ndcrson Minneapolis HaiTy Paddock Racon Los .Angeles, Cal. Louis Benedict Baldwin, . Lakota, N. D. Rose Ann Bebb Minneapolis Carl Eniil Bcrgquist, Winthrop Peter Cornelius Bjorneby, Grafton, N. I). Prank Adrian Blakeslee Waukegan, 111. Henry George Blanehard, Faribault . xel Ferdinand Bloniburgh, Waseca John Hultgren Bimg, Carlton Gertrude Booker, Dover Herman Bounian, Murdock Titus Church Briggs, Minneapolis Carroll De Forest Buck Jamestown, N. D. Frank Earl Burch Menomonie, Wis. Arthur Jay Button, . .... . Minneapolis (irace Wilson Cahoon Minneapolis Charles Lowry Carman, . .... St. Paul Carrol Clinton Carpenter, Anoka James Owen Cavanaugh, Shakopee Edward Jennings Clark Minneapolis Howard Shoemaker Clark, Austin Han-y Marcus Coleman, Minneapolis Charles A. Corse, Montevideo The Junior Class - 6 — 197 — The Junior Class RI- VISLMtlK O •» ,Ui " »rli John Eginton Crewe, William Sheniian Ciitt. Richard McPerson Dinaliaii, George Edwards, Fred Hill Fowler, Thomas James Gaflnev, James Stirling Gillillan, Nels Nelson Glim, Nathan Andrews Goddard William Goldsworthy, Frank Eugene Griswold, John De Mott Guthrie, Charles Wesley Hack, Elmer Elsworth Harrison, Alex Emanuel Hedback, Leon Willet Hyde, Lewis U. Iverson, Oswald Middleton Justice, Ralph Kendall Keene, Thorsten N. Kjerland, John William Kramps, Adolph Oscar Loe, Alberta Virginia McClung, George Mathieson, Arthur Wenzell Miller, Albert Hall Moore, . Alonzo Tullock Mnnro, Daniel A. Nicholson, Byron Walter Parrott, George Albion Perkins, Gentz Peny, John Richard Peterson, Soren Peterson Rces, Ira X. Roadman. Frank William Rulicn, Karl Seibel, . Hiram Williams Smith, Harriet Sherman Stahl, John Stevens, Jr., Arthur Clyde Thorpe, Eugene Larrey Tupper, Olat ' Julius Veline, Gustave Charles Vibrance, William Desmond Wagar, Ernest Zirus Wanous, Thomas Emmet Wilcox, Robert Laurence Wiseman, Devil ' s Lake, N. D. . St. Paul New Haven, Conn. Sebroughville, Ont. Minncajiolis Minneapolis . St. Paul Moline, 111. Nashua, N. H. . . . Ely Cumberland, Wis. Minneapolis Garnet, Colo. New Richland Star Prairie, Wis. . St. Paul West Lake Rochester Mankato Webster, S. D. Belgrade Minneapolis . St. Paul Evansville . St. Paul Minneapolis New Auburn Minneapolis Minneapolis Red Wing New Richmond, Wis. Minneapolis Stillwater Alinneapolis cw Richmond, Wis. Ashland, Wis. I ' lainview Harmony Bangor Maine M inneapolis Minneapolis Stillwater Farmington Grand Forks Glcncoe BaiTon, Wis. . St. Paul The Junior Classv c The Junior Class- O PtRRY — C II %CK- College of Homeopathic Hedicine and Surgery. History. Tho records will show that ours is tin. ' largest class that ever entered the Homeopathic College. In number we are sixteen; yes, sweet sixteen ! What a vis- ion of loveliness arises at the sound of these words! What a coy, bashful maiden is presented to our admiring gaze! And were we not sufficiently coy and bashful at our first or-al quiz in anatomy? True, we were not all sweet, nor all sixteen, nor all coy and bashful, but to some of us was given knowledge, knowledge even that of some of our professors whom we not .always feared in the Biblical sense. Nor can we wonder that they are such paragons of cerebral capability when we think of all the knowledge they are supposed to have absorbed from other classes as well as from om- own, considering that we im])arted so much of our knowledge to them, it is not to be wondered that we know far less now than we did when we entered these scientific halls. But ample amends for this s])oliation have been made by our consider ite jiro- fessors; and we return what regard some of them have alread ' manifested for lis. Not only have they held frer|uent " sociables " for our amusement, but, not satisfied with us as bright and shining lights for one year ' s lectures, they have selected some of our hardest students to be an inspiration to them for another year. In our modesty we do not boast of this honor. Even our jjapas don ' t know it. As a class we have always been cosmopolitan and have not confined our high- est powers to the naTrow limits of the curriculum. As vvoriers we have excelled. As singers and whistlers, we are unequalled by the mediae rioctis Now, leaving this homeopathic dose for the welfare of all succeeding classes, we hasten to throw ourselves into the arms of the unsus])ecting public. riembers. Charles Albert Ballard St. Paul Lee Warren Barber, . St. Paul Fred Lee Beckley, . . ... Merriani Park Andrea EUingson Brauti, . . Fergus Falls William Thompson DeCostei, Gervais Lake Mrs. Ethel . manda Hnrd, Minneapolis Walter Julian Kendall, . . Windom Burt Victor Lares, St. Paul Harry Meeker Pollock, ... Litchfield William Torgenson Somber, Iowa George Sparr von Wedelstatlt St. Paul Leon Arlington Williams, St. Paul Henry Gustav Woutat Winona The Junior Class The Junior Class« II C V»11T»T yj ri. D«M.K M % A%PKKI imvVJri V I.WI1 KI KK ■r.IlKCO.STKH Vl -. C S of« m)n r n.T fit B.V.l.AKKS College of Dentistry. History. » A year ago soinCjthirty odd, Came marching o ' er the ' Varsity sod, With steps so bold, and heads so high That students all began to guy. In reading up the catalogue Of studies with a pedagogue. We ' d read about the wondrous things Which dental edueation brings. The easy things — " Histol " and " Chein, " We knew we ' d walk away with them. or course the knowledge we would gain Would surely make for tis a name.- — And all that we would have to do Would be to ask, " Where is that ' U ' ? " Before we took a chisel or burr, The Registrar said " ten dollars, sir. " To show his interest, you see, Called it matriculation fee. The Dean then says, with pleasant ease Like Oliver Twist, " ' smore if you please " So with books and tools ' tis plainly seen. We ' ll have none left of all of our green. A year has Trilbied since that time, Our class then numbered thirty-nine, — AH of us good and worthy " Dents, " Hoping to coin dollars and cents Some dav- when able to pull a tooth For some poor innocent, sufifering youth; Or bring a smile to an aged face With brand new ivories put in place. The time has passed, we ' r Juniors now, — Once more we make our little bow To worthy Dr. Weeks, our Dean, Who daily tries, ' tis clearly seen With wisdom to fill heads, ' tis said, ( ' Twere better they were filled with lead ). To Dr. Dickenson, who tries From molars to make metal dies. Dr. Krenier, with bi-idge work ])at. Who gives goose eggs for calling " this " " that. Dr. Hartzell O. S., M. D., X., D. D. S., HNO., Beware his quiz, you ne ' er can tell How far he ' s chased the ameboid cell. To Dr Bailey, learned and great. Always concerned with things of state. The Junior Class -203 — The Junior Class Assistants Munsoii, Nelson, Weiss, Looking learned, solemn and wise. And Seniors gi-ave, with ponderous brains Say, " Now do this with infinite pains. " « -X- x- Three cheers for class of ' 1)7, I say All jolly, good I ' ellows by night or by da ' We can ' t all be leaders and each be the best. I ' ll tnention a few who excel all the rest. The long slim comedian, we ' re proud to claim. Who makes us laugh till it ' s actually pain, — " A red hot tamala " — tell by his looks Composed of red pepper and tiny fish hooks. Then there is the lad with the musical laugh Who pleases the boys with his rattling chaft " . Can puncture a mnlar and not reach the brain You ' d think he was French, if you heard his name. Our football kicker, both ready and rough, Needs never a blond wig to make a bluft ' . Oin- modest, retiring, round-faced young man, Plies you with questions as fast as he can. He can corner anj ' " Prof. " that stands on two legs; We verily think he ' d put corners on eggs- Softly with bowed head and deep goggle eye. Conies our sad and pensive student, " Bill Nye " — He tumbles all over a pulp without pain. From calling him " Bill " the clerk can ' t refrain. We joke all the boys, with straight hair or curls. And sometimes we joke the sweet Junior girls. Our class would be lonely and incomplete. Were it not for our maidens, fair and sweet. But please do not think we are here just for fun, — For truly we say our work ' s just begun. We ' re alwa ' s at work both early and late, Cramming for quizzes which telleth our fate. But we ' re coming out on tO]j in the fray We ' re cutting our wisdom teeth every day. The t Junior Class ' . 1 flC fe5» t «2 Junior Class Members. EKvin Richard Amiis, Mapleton William Walter Baker Minneapolis Thomas Frederick Cooke Read ' s Landing Herbert Borgardus Denton Diiluth Warren Thomas Evans, Minneapolis John Lnpns Fredeiick Waseca John Walter Sidney Gallagher Sleepy Eye Harvey Byron Godfrey, Faribault Henry Samuel Godfrey, Faribault Merton Steams Goodnow, Hutchinson Torry Philander Hagerty Chatfield Jay Manson Hall, Austin Alfred Eldridge Hawkinson, Grove City Benjamin Arlington Herrick, St. Paul Claude Albert Leonard, Menomonie, Wis. Winnifred Josephine Madden, Waseca John Francis Maloney New Richmond, Wis. Mrs. Edna Pettit Medary Waukon, Iowa William McCadden, Fairmont William . lexander Moore Sauk Center Thomas Alexander Pattison, St. Cloud Herbert Armitage Pullen, Austin Smith Arthur Sanderson, Hamline Jose])h C. Satory Wabasha James Wilbur Shankland, Des Moines, Iowa Edward Shumpik, Minneapolis Thomas Spence, Frank Lewis Stephan, Minnesota Lake Bertram Theodore Ste ens Edwin Sullivan, Minneapolis Horace Rensselaer Wells, Lansing The Junior Class The Junior Class College of Pharmacy. «5 CBtORNMMI. Officers. President, .... Ch. rles A. Clark Vice-President, . . . LuKic H. Kirwin Secretary, . . . George H. Blackmun Treasurer, .... Lester W. Simcer Members. G. H. Blacknmn, Alden Chas. A. Clark St. Peter C. B. Cornwell Plainview Leon V. Helk, .... Minneapolis Luke Kirwin, .... Spring Valley G. W. McKnight Buffalo Thos. R. Newell, . . New Ricliniond, Wis. Gustave H. Oleson, . . . Minneapolis J.J.Sarazin Lester W. Spicer Albert Lea F. M. Tillbrd Windoni . L Kirwin ( »1 CHUK History. The iiivStitutioii, perceiving the worthiness of the class about to enter, sparcil neither time nor means in preparing for them a suitable abode. Still we were obliged to occupy for a short time the old haunt of the Phni. D. ' s that had gone before us. But on the seventh of January, eighteen hundred and ninety-six, we abandoned these quarters and triumphantlj ' entered our " new building. " Here we shall continue to advance into the mysteries of pharmacy and to mould our- selves in a scientific manner to meet the requirements of the scientific pharmacist Although the class is small in number, yet it is great in promises, and will don the robes of seniors e(|uipped to sustain the dignity of that honored garment. The Junior Class ' «. College of Science, Literature and the Arts. TTIlP £ JA Motto: — Esse quam videre. O 1 bophomore Yell:— Rickety Zip! SissBoomAh! Minnesota ' 98. r I ' iec ♦ ♦ Rah! Rah! Rah! V-ldbb » Colors:— Gold and white. Officers. fejij President, Theokon W. Bikgleiiai s Vice-President Etta Madul Hagar Secretary Annabel Wilson Beach Treasurer, Louis Leo.nard Ten Broeck Poet Arthur Wheelock Upson Orator Frank E. R. Miller Historian, Marie Annette Todd Artist Miss Sprague Sergeant-at-. rms, Frank E. Dean History. Three Hundred Freshies Went to School, ' 94. September 11, ' 94. — 211 — The Sophomore ' 97- ' 98 Cane Rush. ' 07-98 Football. A cat came fiddling out of a barn, With a pair of bag pipes under her arm. She covild saj ' nothing but fiddle cum fee We ' ve won the cane and football spree. Pipe, cat, dance, mouse ! We ' ll have losses in our good house ! After the Cup Field Day. The ' 98 pig went to field da3 ' , The other pigs stayed not at home; The ' 98 pig won the prize cup, The other little pigs won none; The ' 98 pig cried, " We won ! we w on ! " While the other pigs went back home. The Sophomore Class Snph. Cotillion. Hej diddle, diddle, The harp and fiddle, The Sophomores danced to the tune, The little boys danced with the little girls. And morning came all too soon. ' 98 Unit} sat on a wall, ' 98 Unity had a great fall ; Not all class patriotism Nor upper class men. Could serve to put Unity back again. The Sophomore ' Ri] There were some great sharks And what do j ou think ? They never had time for Victuals and drink. Old English and Trig Were the chief of their diet, Their wonderful brains Could never keep quiet. Two hundred ( + 50) Sophies grew up fast, Juniors they will become at last ; Not one dunce among the lot. Not one lesson they ' ve forgot ; Polished in a high degree. As each Junior ought to be. College of riedicine and Surgery. Officers. President Charles A. Reed Vice-President Ruth E. Eddy Secretary, George A. Gray Historian, Joseph G. Parsons The Sophomore — 215- :ii ' : f Jj College of Science, Literature and the Arts. Motto:— AV(. Yell:— ' 9 ' ,), ' 99, Hoo-Kah-Hoo! ' Varsity, ' Varsity, Minnesota U. Colors: — Green and White. Officers President, First Vice-President, Second Vice-President, Secret ar J- , Treasurer, Piodigy, Historian, Serjeant-at-Arms. Merton E. Harrison Georgia. a Everest Arthur James Finch Elizabeth K. Ford John K. Waterman Janet Priest Edna Lamb Smith Clarence C. Baum The Freshman . " «»- -»» «• ' 99 The Freshman « History. One night, as ranging o ' er the land, Went frolicking a Brownie band They reached a river deep and wide Where rose upon the further side Huge piles of massive stone and gi ' ay And green fields stretching far away. " Here stands " said one " that college great The brightest glory of our state. Here 3 ' ou learn every thing, they say From reading Greek to making hay And nations seek the light from far That glances from the Northern star. I ' ve often thought I ' d like it best To put their wisdom to the test. Make certain proof what they could do And learn ni3-self a thing or two. " ' Tis said, ' tis done; over the banks Come pouring fast the Brownie ranks. Up on the farther side they strain And soon the college halts they gain. The Registrar looked down amazed. And rubbed his eyes, and gazed and gazed. For small men, young men, had before Found entrance at the college door But no such infants ever yet Their feet within those halls had set. The Freshman With pnzzlerl tVown he looked them o ' er. At lenjjth, altboujih it vexed him sore, He let them in. Then qniekly povired Throtigli all those halls the Brownie hords. On football field some tried their strength Some on the campus stretched their length And lazing there upon the grass Watched every pretty " co-ed " pass Or now and then attended class. In sooth, they were a jolly crew. The most precocious class we knew. To skip a class they could do more Than even the bold bad sophomore And many a Brownie learned too late Of him who flunks the- awful fate. They held class meetings; learned the ways Of politicians; how to raise ' A ijoint of order; when and where A|)peal decisions of the chair They tried the military drill Of soldiering they got their fill Of dusty campus and hot sun And uniform and belt and gmi. Of east winds sweeping o ' er the plain Then melting hot; then cold again. The Freshman Some Brownies called the drill " hot stuff " But most of them had quite enough, E ' er Leonhauser ' s work was through And so had Leonhauser too. At politics they tried their hand, This most precocious Brownie band. No over bashfuliiess they knew They i ' elt their worth and showed it too. One modest youth the honour courts To manage the aquatic sports. While planets and these halls endui ' e While Guild doth reign and cons are sure Will we recall that fi-eshman flip Who wished to dam the Mississipp ' Freshmen will emulate his fame And honour Baum of Litchfield ' s name. But now the sounds of war are heared The Brownie ' s martial souls are stirred. Far in the clouds their minds do soar They dream of battle and of gore With firm resolve and courage high They long to fight anil e ' en to die. To prove their might as ne ' er before And tame the hanghty sophomore. At chapel time we sec them all Appear before the well known hall. A ponderous cane they bear along A cudgel short but thick and strong. The sophs the challenge vievi- from far And muster for the deadly war. In ominous strife they (piickly close. Each risks his life, his lindjs, his nose. And mangled collars strew the gi-onnd And shouting juniors gather round. All college comes to see their feats And Prexy talks to empty seats. They struggle round about the green. And many a daring deed is seen. The dust of battle rises gray All, breathless, watch the deadly fray. A Brownie throws a sophomore down. A sophomo re does a freshman brown. All said when that stem fight was o ' er We ne ' er had seen its like before. The freshmen win; the first time vet The sophomore defeat has met. He seeks revenge; renews the strife. Again the deadly war is rife. Again thr battle cry is loud And all our heads in dread are bowed The annual cane rush novi- they try While juniors raise the battle crv. They hold the cane with gri]) like death; With failing strength and labored breath They bravelyfight; theytug, they strain, And fall and rise and fall again. And many a sophomore lies prone And many a fresh to earth is thrown. But when the awful strife is done The sophomores have the cane rush won Yet once again the Brownies brave Their periled honour try to save. Football doth now their minds engage And war a third time do thev wage. And once again though well they fight And though they play with all theii might Though the backs stand like walls of stone. Though the line holds like dog to bone. 1 fl6 fe « «jS6 Freshman 1 ilC « ' ( Freshman Though each doth Ijravtly risk his face, Tlie sophomores triumph in the race. Then see ! The little Brownies bold A partj- for their girls do hold. The Brownies always do their best, Each gallant swain, so sniarth ' dressed In military blouse and gloves Leads out the co-ed that he loves. Around the hall they gayly go With tripping feet but anxious brow. While cymbals and the big bassoon Send amateur music throxigh the room Of mazy dance they get their fill ; Been trying since to pay the bill. J 4 f ?QG ' )i K - (K. V i III- .- GREEK LE ETER ERATERNlEiES Fraternities Fraternities pBEO. QfjRn Chi Psi Alpha Nu Chapter. Esliihlisliuil 7,STJ. Frater in Regentibus. Stki ' MEN Mahoney, N. " i ' Fratres in Facultate. George E. Ricker, N. ' 76. William E. Leonard, N. ' 74-. Alexander Stone, H. ' 67. D. Edward Smith, X. ' 91. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Clive Hastings. 1897. Robert Alexander Hastings. Albert Bushnell Loye. Harry jAyUES Castle. 1898. John Milton Armstrong. Gi ' stave William von Schlegell. Jacob Sidle Lawrence. Henry Lee Shepard, Jr. 1899. William Bainbridge Folwell. Guy Addison Wv man. Samuel Albert March. Charles Pickering Joy. miuiical dki ' artment. Charles Anthony Reed. LAW department. George Kimball Belden. Frank Clinton Bestor. George Hancock Speak. Sewall DeBois Andrews. Erastus Smith. Harry Reid Hampton. Chi Psi. Foumled at Union Cullcffc lS-J-1. Chi Psi Alphas. Alpha Pi Union College Alpha Theta Williams College Alpha Mu Middlebury College Alpha Alpha Wesle_vati College Alpha Phi Hamilton College Aljiha Epsilon University of Michigan Alpha Upsilon, Furman Universitj ' Alpha Beta, University of South Carolina Alpha Gamma University of Mississippi Alpha Chi Amherst College Alpha Psi, Cornell University Alpha Tau, Wofford University Alpha Nn University of Minnesota Alpha Iota, University of Wisconsin Alpha Rho Rutgers College Alpha Xi, Stevens Institute of Technology Alpha Alpha Delta University of Georgia Alpha Beta Delta, Lehigh University Alpha Gamma Delta, Leland Stanford, Jr., University Alpha Delta Delta University of California Kappa Kappa Gamma Chi Chapter. Est.-ihlishcrl ISSO. Undergraduate riembers. 1896. Alice Catherine Webb. Mary Everett Hawlev. Mildred Whittlesey Mitchell. 1897. Agnes Emily Belden. Jessie Gale Eaton. Katherine Kennedy. Anna MacDonald Hawley. Mabel Robinson. Martha Rogers. Helen Horace Austin. Flora Elizabeth Brewer. Harriet McDonald. Marion Crosby. 1898. Eleanor Darlington Mitchell. Jessie Lightener Schulten. MaR(;ARKT C.iSTLE. 1899. Bessie Adeliade Williams. Georgia Francis Kennedy. Julia Anna Gallup. Ella Terrell Dixon. Hannah Helen Dewart. Elizabeth Baldwin. Margaret Craig. Alice Craig. Sarah Belle Parky. special students. Alice Dyer. Gertrude Louise Hale. Kappa Kappa Gamma. Fuiindcii lit Moiitluiiillt Ciillcgc, ISTO. Chapter Roll. ALPHA PROVINCE. Phi ... Boston University Beta Beta, . . , . . , . St. Lawrence University Beta Tau, . Syracuse University Psi, . . , , . . Cornell University Beta Alpha, . , . ... University of Pennsylvania Beta Epsilon Barnard College Gamma Rho , , Allegheny College Beta Iota, Swarthmore College bi-:ta provinck. Lambda Buchtel College Beta Gamma ... Wooster College Beta Delta University of Michigan Beta Nu Ohio State University Xi, . . Adrian College Kappa, Hillsdale College GAMMA PROVINCE. rielta, Indiana University Iota De Pauw University Mu Butler College Eta . ... University of Wisconsin I ' psilon, Northwestern University Epsilon, Illinois Wesleyan University Beta Theta, Chicago Associate Chapter di-;lt. province. Chi Minnesota University Beta Zeta Iowa University rheta. . . Missouri University Sigma, Nebraska University Omega, Kansas University Beta Eta, Leland Stanford University Colors: — Light and Dark Blue. Flower: — Fleur-de-Lis. Kappa Kappa Gamma Phi Delta Theta ninnesota Alpha Chapter. Estaljlishcil J.v.s . Pratres in Pacultate. Conway MacMillan. George B. Fhankforter. Thomas B. Hartzell. Harry Snyder. Thomas G. Lee. Post Qraduate. Everhard Percy Harding. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Charles Edward Adams. Roy MacMillan Wheeler. Maynard Cyrus Perkins. William Henry Condit. 1897. Walter Henry Sherburne. Fred Hu.xley. Harry Frank Simmons. Earl Simpson. 1S99. Carl F. Brush. E. Mansfield McKusick. Thomas Lindi.ey Jones. Wilson Bradley Shearman. Arthur L. Bisbee. LAW department. Clarence Z. Brown, ' 96. L. Latiirop Twitchell, ' 96. Edward William Matthews. ' 96. Phi Delta Theta. Founded at Mintui Utiiverity, 1S4S. Phi Delta Theta Chapter Roll. ALPHA PROVINCE. Colby University. Dartmouth College. University of Vermont. Williams College. Amherst College. Brown University. Cornell University. Union College. Columbia College. Syracuse University. Lafayette College. Gettysburg College. Washington and Jefferson College. Allegheny College. Dickinson College. University of Pennsj ' lvania. Lehigh University. BETA PROVINCE. Roanoke College. University of Virginia. Randolph-Macon College. Richmond College. Washington and Lee University. University of North Carolina. Centre College. Central University. GAMMA PROVINCE. University of Georgia. Emorj ' College. Mercer University. Vanderbilt Ifniversitv ' . Universitv ' of the South. University of Alabama. Alabama Polytechnic Institute. Southern University. DELTA PROVINCE. University of Mississippi. Tulane University of Louisiana. University of Texas. Southwestern University. EPSILON PROVINCE. Miami University. Ohio Wesleyan Universitj ' . Ohio University. University of Wooster. Buchtel College. Ohio State University. Indiana University. Wabash College. Butler University. Franklin College. Hanover College. De Pauw University. Purdue University. University of Michigan. State College of Michigan. Hillsdale College. ZETA PROVINCE. Northwestern University. Knox College. Illinois Wesleyan University. Lombard University. University of Wisconsin. University of Missouri. Westminster College. Washington University. Iowa Wesleyan University. State University of Iowa. University of Minnesota. University of Kansas. University of Nebraska. University of California. Leland Stanford University. University of Illinois. Colors: — White and Blue. Flower: — White Carnation. Delta Gamma Lambda Chapter. Established ISS2 Undergraduate Members. 1896. Nellie Levens. Mary Ellen Mortenson. Helen Clare Pratt. Grace Mabel Tennant. 1897. Avis Winchell Grant. Adelaide Mary Thompson. 1898. Mary Cone Harris. Nelle Centennial Spencer. MiLLICENT KaTHERINE McCoLLOM. 1899. Grace Sylyia Burt. Elizarkth Katherine Ford. Laura Alice Henry. Alice Acnes Thomas. Florence Louise Verge. Delta Qamma. Founded at Warren Female Institute, 1872. Chapter Roll. Alpha, Mount Union College Delta, . . . -. University ol Southern California Zeta, Albion College Eta Buchtel College Kappa University of Nebraska Lambda, University of Minnesota Xi, University of Michigan Sigma, Northwestern University ' Tau, Universitj ' of Iowa Phi, University of Colorado Chi, Cornell University Psi, Woman ' s College, Baltimore Omega Universitv of Wisconsin Delta Gamma Colors: — Bronze, Pink and Blue. Delta Tau Delta f Beta Eta Chapter. Estahlisherl. li 83. Pratres In Pacultate. George Douglas Head. Edwin Arthur Havnes. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Fred Roscoe Bartholomew. Alfred Davis Mayo. William Shattick Abernethy. 1897. William Buuchakd Roberts. Ernest Backus Mills. 1898. Roy Frederick Hooker. WiKT Wilson. LAW department. EsLi Lysle Sutton. Daniel Beede Wood. Wiliu ' r Wainwrigiit Dann. William Burdeth Richardson. Charles Hayden. George Roat. medical department. Ernest Avekv Wright. Aluekt Hall Moore. Delta Tau Delta. Founded at Bethany Ciillcge, 1S59. Chapter Roll. GRAND DIVISION OF THK SOrTH. Lambda Vanclerbilt Universit3 ' Pi, University of Mississippi Beta Delta, University ' of Georgia Beta Epsilon, Emory College Beta Theta, University of the South Beta Iota, University of Virginia Beta Xi, Tulane University GRAND DIVISION OF THE WEST. Omicron, University of Iowa Beta Gamma, University of Wisconsin Beta Eta, University of Minnesota Beta Kappa, University of Colorado Beta Pi, Northwestern University Beta Rho Leland Stanford, Jr., University Beta Tail, University of Nebraska Beta Upsilon, University of Illinois GRAND DIVISION OF THE NORTH. Beta Ohio University Delta, University of Michigan Epsilon, Albion College Zeta, Adelbert College Iota Michigan Agricultural College Kappa, Hillsdale College Mu, Ohio Wesleyan University Chi, Kenyon College Beta Alpha, Indiana University Beta Beta, De Pauw University Beta Zeta, Butler University Beta Phi Ohio State University Beta Psi Wabash College GRAND DIVISION OK THE EAST. Alpha, Allegheny College Gamma Washington and Jefferson College Rho Stevens Institute of Technology Sigma, Williams College Tau, Franklin and Marshall College Upsilon, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Beta Lambda, Lehigh University Beta Mu Tufts College Beta Nu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Beta Omicron Cornell University Delta Tau Delta — 245 — Phi Kappa jT SI ft « t riinnesota Beta Chapter. Eslnblislietl ISSS. Fratres in Facultate. Daniel Trembly MacDougall. Adam Clark Hickman. Robert Archibald Wheaton. Undergraduate Members. 1S96. George Smith Johnston. Adolth Oscar Eliason. William Fuller Wendell. William Hamilton Lawrence. 1897. William Rowell Putman. Charles McClure, Jk. Herbert Charles Maughan. 1898. Sumner Frank Porter. Leigh Dudley Bruckart. Frederick Upham Davis. Frank Herbert Lusk.« William Paul Moorehead. 1899. George Beardley Pa rsons. Ralph Waldo Buyer. Simon George Eliason. medical department. Mert Lenoue Fuller. Law Department. Phi Kappa Psi I ' oinuled . ' it Wasliinf rt ' Hi niul JclVcrsou College, 1852. Chapter Roll. New Hampshire Alpha Pennsylvania Alpha, Pennsylvania Beta, Pennsylvania Gamma, Pennsylvania Epsilon, Pennsylvania Zeta, Pennsylvania Eta, Pennsylvania Theta, Pennsylvania Iota, Pennsylvania Kappa, New York Alpha, New York Beta, . New York Gamma, New York Epsilon, New Y ' ork Zeta, Massachnsetts Al])lia. Virginia Al])ha, Virginia Beta, Virginia (i.anima, West Virginia Aljjlia, Maryland Al])lia, District of Cohimhia Alpha Mississipjii Alpha, Ohio Alpha, . Ohio Beta, Ohio Delta, . Indiana Alpha. Indiana Beta. Indiana Gamma, Illinois Alpha, Illinois Beta, Michigan Alpha. Wisconsin Gamma, Iowa Alpha, Minnesota Beta, Kansas . lpha, California Beta, . Nebraska Alpha, Yell —••High! H Dartmouth College Washington and Jefferson College Allegheny College Bncknell College . Pennsylvania College Dickinson College Franklin and Marshall College Lafayette College University of Pennsylvania Swarthniore College Cornell University Syracuse I ' niversity Cohimbia College Colgate College Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute Amherst College University of Virginia Washington and Lee University Hampden-Sidney College University of West Virginia . Johns Hopkins University Columbian University University of Mississippi . Ohio Weslej-an I ' niversity Wittenburg College Ohio State University De Pauw University Indiana University Wabash College Northwestern University University of Chicago University of Michigan Beloit College University of Iowa University of Minnesota . University of Kansas Leland Stanford, Jr., University Uni ■ersitv of Nebraska -h! High! Phi Ka])i)a Psi ! Live Ever! Die Never! Phi Kappa Psi ! " Colors: — Pink and Lavender. Phi Kappa ' J x ' SI « ' J « - 249.- Sigma Chi Alpha Sigma Chapter. Established ISSS. Undergraduate Members. 1896. 1897. George A. E. Finlayson. William Lot Miller. LAW DEPARTMENT. L. M Kennedy, ' 96. A. B. Church, ' 96. William Poehler, ' 96. F. W. Merchant, ' 96. John M. Bradford, ' 97. Charles W. Dennison. ' 97. medical department. Frank Poehler. Sigma Chi Sigma Chi. pDiintlcil ;lt Ali iiiii l ' iii -crsitx, ISo. ' i, Chapter Roll. Alpha Miami University Epsilon Columbian University Theta, Gettysburg College Kappa, Buckuell University Oniicron, Dickinson College Alpha Rho, Lehigh University Alpha Chi, Pennsylvania State College 2eta, Washington University Psi University of Virginia Gamma Gamma Randolph-Macon College Sigma Sigma, Hampden-Sidne ' College Alpha Tau, University of North Carolina Gamma Ohio Wesleyan University IVIu, Denison University Zeta Zeta, Centre College Zeta Psi, University of Cincinnati Lambda Lamljda, Kentuckj ' State College Mil Mn, West Virginia University Alpha Gamma, . . Ohio State University Lambda, Indiana University Xi De Pauw University Rho, . . Butler Universit_ - Chi Hanover College Delta Delta, Perdue University Omega Northwestern Ihiiversity Kappa Kappa University of Illinois Alpha Zeta, Beloit College Alpha Iota, Illinois Wesleyan llniversity Alpha Lambda University of Wisconsin Alpha Sigma, University of Minnesota Alpha Pi, Albion College Alpha Epsilon. University of Nebraska Alpha Xi, University of Kansas Eta, University of Mississip])i Alpha Nu, University of Texas Alpha Oniicron Tulaiie University Alpha Psi, Vanderbilt University Alpha Upsiloii, University of Southern California Colors: — Blue and Gold. Kappa Alpha Theta Upsilon Chapter. Established JS89. Post Graduate. Anna L. Guthrie. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Elsie Carolyn Gibbs. Mary Adams Van Cleve. 1897. Helen Culestia Woodman. Ji ' stina Leayitt Wilson. Caroline May Durkee. 1898. Grace Anna Cosgrove. Ada Ethelyn Daniels. Lizzie Anna Fisher. Gesena Wilhelmina Koch. zoe hotchkiss. 1899. Bella Armstrong. Foy Hotchkiss. RowENA Pattee. Grayce Williamina Rectar. Charlotte Van Cleye Hall. Carrie Fowler Tomlinson. Georgia Eyhrest. Nella . drlaide Williams. — 254. - Kappa Alpha Theta. Founded at Dcl ' iluw I ' llivvrsity, isro. Chapter Roll. Kappa Alpha Theta AI.rilA DISTRICT. Lambda University of Veniiont Chi, Syracuse University Iota, Cornell University Alpha Beta Swarthmore College Mu Allegheny College BETA DISTRICT. Epsilon Wooster ITniversity Alpha Gamma Ohio State University Alpha, Ue Pauw University Beta Indiana State University Nu, Hanover College Tau, Northwestern University Pi, Albion College Eta University of Michigan Psi University of Wisconsin Epsilon Universit} ' of Minnesota Kappa, University of Kansas. Delta University of Illinois GAMMA DISTRICT. Phi, Lcland Stanford, Jr., University Omega, University of California AI.UMN.4C ClIAPTHRS. Gamma . lumna;, New York City Alpha .Mnmnas, Greencastle, Indiana Beta Alumiuc, Minneapolis, Minnesota Colors: — Black and Gold. FLOWKR: Pansy. Beta Theta ±1 ( « « Beta Pi Chapter. Estahli.-ilicil J.S ' .sy. Fratres in Facultate. EuwiN A. Jaggari). Frank M. Andkrson. Edward E. Nicholson. Charles M. Andrist. Arthur L. Helliwell. Frank H. Constant. Post Graduate. Horace T. Eddy. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Cloyed Paul Jones. Herman Haupt Chapman. Charles Frederic Keyes. 1897. Howard Howe Woodman. William James Parker. Otto Willius. Daniel Roy Swem. Frank Clement Faude. 1898. Willard Collins Keyes. Henry Stern Sommers. Albert Justin Dickinson. Wall Marion Billings. KoYDON Vincent Wright. Arthur Wheelock Upson. 1899. Fred Morris Fai ' de. L. w department. Lekov Eaton Clark. Robert Mitchell Thompson. Robert Arthur Angst. MEDICAL DEPARTME.NT. Daniel Goodwin Beebe. James Frank Corbett. Warken .Arthur Dennis. Carl Huhn. Jacob Fowler .■ yery. — 2 8- Beta Theta Pi. Foiniilt ' ii nl Minmi I ' nivcrsity, 1S39. Beta Theta ii « (i fe Chapter Roll. DISTRICT 1. Howard University. lirown University. Boston University. Maine State College. Amherst College. Dartmouth College. Wesleyan Uuiversitj ' . Yale College. DISTRICT II. Rutgers University. Stevens Institute of Technology. Cornell University. St. Lawrence Universitj ' . Colgate College. Union College. Columbia College. Syracuse University. DISTRICT III. Dickinson College. Johns Hopkins University. Pennsylvania State College. Lehigh I ' niversity. University of Pennsylvania. DISTRICT IV. Hampden-Sidney College. University of North Carolina. University of Virginia. Davidson College. DISTRICT V. Centre College. Cumberland Ihiiversity. Universitv ' of Mississippi. Vanderbilt University. University of Texas. Leland Stanford, Jr., University. DISTRICT VI. Miami University. University of Cincinnati. University of Ohio. Western Reserve University. Washington and Jefferson College. Ohio Wesleyan University. Bethany College. Wittenberg College. Denison University. Wooster University. Kenyon College. Ohio State University. DISTRICT VII. De Pauw University. University of Indiana, llniversity of Michigan. Wabash University. Hanover College. DISTRICT VIII. Kno.x University. Beloit College. University of Iowa. Iowa Wesleyan University. University of Wisconsin. Northwestern University. University of Minnesota. University of Chicago. DISTRICT IX. Westminster College. University of Kansas. University of California. Denver University. University of Nebraska. Universitv of Missouri. Colors:— Pink and Blue. Flowkr: — The Rose. Delta Kappa Epsilon Phi Epsilon Chapter. In Regentibus. Okoka p. Stearns O. In Facultate. Cyrus Northrop . Everton J. AiinoT B X. Charles A. Willard . Max P. Vander Horck f E. Newton H. Winchell O. William Ricketson Hoag E. Charles H. Boardman $. Charles H. Hunter 0. Undergraduate Members. 1896. John Steward Dalrvmple. Paul Albert Higbee. William De Witt Mitchell. Grant Van Sant. Harry Parks Ritchie. t 1897. Burton .Augustus Towne. 1898. Clarence Stuart Rich. Henry Alexander Scandrett. Ralph Wood Reynolds. Fred Caroll Baldy. Adolph Siiuttler. Philip Bickerton Winston, Jr. 1899. James Cooper Fulton. George L. Bahcock. James Underhill Fogle. L. Wooworth Northway. HaKKY SlDI.E Bauiiek. • l.:i v Deparlnicnt. + Ucilical nclturlincnt. Delta Kappa Epsilon. Fuundcil at Yak- UuivcrsiLy, IV-i-t. Chapter Roll. Phi, Yale University Theta, Bovvdoin College Xi, Colby University Sigma. Amherst College Gamma, Vanderbilt University Psi, University of Alabama Chi, University of Mississippi Upsilon, Brown University Beta University of North Carolina Kappa, Miami University Lambda Kenyon College Eta, University of Virginia Pi, Dartmouth College Iota, Central University of Kentucky Alpha Alpha, Middlebury College Omicron, University of Michigan Epsilon, Williams College Rho, Lafayette College Tau, Hamilton College Mu Colegate College Nu, College of the City of New York Beta Phi, University of Rochester Phi Chi Rutgers College Psi Phi, De Pauw University Gamma Phi, Wesleyan University Psi Omega, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Beta Chi, Western Reserve University Delta Chi Cornell University Phi Gamma, Syracuse University Gamma Beta Columbia College Theta Zeta, University of California Alphi Chi Trinity College Phi Epsilon, University of Minnesota Segma Tau, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Delta Delta, Chicago University Colors:— Red, Blue and Gold. Delta Kappa Epsilon Phi Gamma Delta Mu Sigma Chapter. In Pacultate. Charles Peter BerkiiY. James Martin Walls. Post Graduate Member. Edson Newton Tuckey. Undergraduate flembers. 1896. Stanley Hall Bissell. Warren Wendell Pendergast. Frank Johnson Morley. Arthur Hubert Beayen. Joel Ernest Gregory. Alexander Newton Winchell. 1897. Fayette Cary Kinyon. 1898. Frank Edson Dk4n. Koiiekt Hugh Cosgroyk. G. Foster Smith. MiNOT James Brown. 1899. William Wardkll Kinyo.n. LAW department. Walter Lyon Campiiell. Nelson Daniel Bessessen. Egbert Simmons Oakley. medical department. Robert Allen Campbell. Frank Earl Bukch. John De Mott Guthrie. Phi Gamma Delta. t- ' oiinrlcil at Jcircrson College, J.SJ..S. Chapter Roll. Pi Iota, Worcester I ' olyteclmic Institute Nil Deiiteron, Yale University Tau Alpha. . . . - Trinity Collcfje llpsilon, College ol ' tile City of New York Omega Columbia College Nu lipsilon, University of the City of New York Theta Psi. Colegate University Kappa Nu, Cornell University Alpha, . Washington and Jeflerson College Beta University of Pennsylvania Delta, Bucknell University Xi, Pennsylvania College Pi, Allegheny College Sigma Deuteron, Lafayette College Beta Chi, Lehigh University Gamma Phi, . . . Pennsylvania State College Beta Mu John Hopkins University Epsilon, University of North Carolina Omicron, University of Virginia Beta Deuteron, Roanoke College Delta Deuteron, Hampden-Sidney College Zetii Deuteron, Washington and Lee University Kho Chi, Richmond College Eta Marietta College Sigma, Wittenberg College Theta Deuteron, Ohio Wesleyan University Lambda Deuteron Denison University Omicion Deutron, Ohio State University Rho Deuteron, Wooster University Zeta, Indiana State University Lambda, I ' e Pauw University Tau Hanover College Psi, Wabash College Alpha Deuteron Illinois Wesleyan University Gamma Deuteron Knox College Mu Sigma. . . University of Minnesota Kappa Tau University of Tennessee Pi Deuteron, I ' niversity of Kansas Zeta Phi William Jewell College Delta Xi University of California Lambda Sigma Stanford University Mu University of Wisconsin Chi Union College Alpha Chi, Amherst College Color: — Royal Purple. Flower:— Cineraria. — 69 — Phi Gamma Delta Delta Upsilon ninnesota Chapter. Established 1S90. In Facultate. Christopher Webber Hall. John George Moore. David Litciiard Kiehle. Eur.ENE E. McDermott. Graduate Members. Frank W. Springer. Harry W. Allen. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Albert Morgan Burch. Horatio S. Newell. Edward Taylor Hare. Clair E. Ames. Fred Lyman Adair. Clayton J. Dodge. 1897. 1898. James Woodward George. Hiram Earl Ross. Collins M. Kellam. Claire F. Metcalf. Joh n Lester Adams. John Borland Irwin. Finny G. Withers. 1899. Daniel Woodward Taylor. John Vaughan McAdam Lester John Fitch. Clarence Christopher Dinehart. Arthur Byron Whitney. Pitt Payson Colgrove. Jasper Eugene Searles. law department. McLaughlin White. medical department. Fred Paul Strathern. Jennings C. Litzenberg. 270- Delta Upsilon. Founded nt Willinms College 1,S34. Delta Upsilon « Williams College. Union College. Hamilton College. Amherst College. Adelbert College. Colby University. Rochester University. Mickllel)nry College. Bowdoin College. Rutgers College. Brown University. Colegate University. University of the City Cornell University. Marietta College. Chapter Roll. Syracuse University. University of Michigan. Northwestern University. Harvard University. University of Wisconsin. Lafayette College. Columbia University. Leliigh University. Tufts College. De Pauw University. University of Pennsylvania. University of Minnesota, of New York. Mass. Institute of Technology. University of California. Leland Stanford, Jr., University. Swarthinore College. Colors: — Old Gold and Peacock Blue. 273 — Pi Beta Phi Alpha Chapter. Established 1S90. Graduate Members. Clara Edith Bailey. Edith Aistice Ronnixs. Franc Murray Potter. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Elsie Blanche Smith. Agnes Young Woodward. 1897. Elizabeth Hawkinson Foss. Abbie Bailey Langmaid. 1899. Mattie Lyle Brearley. Agnes Lvella Robinson. Winifred Sno y. Harriet E. Schofield. Cora Emilie Marlow. Pi Beta Phi. Fniindcrl nt Afonmtmtli Collef e, ISliO. Chapter Roll. ALPHA PROVINCE. New Vorl; Aljjlin, Syracuse University Pennsylvania Alpha, Swartliniore College Pennsylvania Beta, Lewisbnry Colnnibia Alpha, Columbian University Ohio Alpha Ohio University Ohio Beta, Columl)us Indiana Alpha, Franklin College Indiana Beta, Indiana University Michigan Alpha, Hillsdale College Michigan Beta, Universit}- of Michigan Louisiana Alpha Tulane University Vermont Alpha, Middlebury College HhTA PROVINCE. Illinois Beta Lombard University Illinois Delta, Knox College Illinois Epsilon, Northwestern University Illinois Eta University of Illinois Iowa Alpha, Iowa Wesleyan University GAMMA I ' ROVINCI-:. Iowa Beta, Simpson College Iowa Zeta, Iowa University Minnesota Alpha, University of Minnesota Iowa Lambda, Des Moines Wisconsin Aljjha Wisconsin University DELTA PROVINCE. Colorado Alpha Colorado University Colorado Beta Denver University Kansas . lpha, Kansas Univer.sity Nebraska Beta University of Nebraska California Alpha Stanford University Colors: — Wine and Silver Blue. Flower:— Carnation. Pi Beta Phi. Alpha Phi Epsilon Chapter. EstnhlislictI 1S90. Post Graduate Members. Helen Lyle Pike. Ada Belle Hillman. Undergraduate Members. 189G. Alice Greely Robbins. Jessie Long. Susanne Thorne Donaldson. 1897. Charlotte Estelle Rohb. Josephine Hungerford. Mary Loomis Hooker. 1898. Florence Louise Clay. Esther Mabel Eddy. Helen Elizabeth I.oigee. Mary Jane Redfield. Roth Barr Cole. Maud Clairk Shaw. Katherine Gerhard. 1899. Helen Balch. Marion Towne. Clara Louise Cole. Josephine Hosmer. Clara Nan Harrington. Isabel Clark Chadwick. Esther Louise De Coster. Alpha Phi .j« Alpha Phi. Fountlecl nt Syracuse University. 1ST2. Chapter Roll. Alpha, Syracuse University Beta, Northwestern University Eta, Boston University Gamma De Panw University Delta, Cornell University Epsilon, University of Minnesota Zeta, Baltimore Woman ' s College Theta University of Michigan Colors: — Silver and Bordeaux. Flowers:— Forget-Me-Nots and Lilies of the Vallev. Phi Delta Phi Dillon Chapter. Estnljlishet! 1S90. Undergraduate Members. 1896. William De Witt Mitchell. H. L. Donahower. JoH.N Frederick Schurch. (Ieokge Franklin Dean. Samuel B. Wilson. Martin Ernest Goetzinger. Charles K:i)INgton Swan. Harry Hampton. Grant Van Sant. 1«97. George Kimball Belden. David Wallace. George Albert Folds. Carleton L. Wallace. Joseph Chapman, Jr. George Hancock Spear. 1898. George Merton Steiiisins. Frank Clinton Bestor. Egbert Simmons Oakley. Carl Hitchcock Fowler. Fred Baldy. McLai ' ghlin White. WiLLiA.M Paul Moorehead. Kent, Booth, . Storey. . Cooley, . Pomeroy, Marshall, Webster, Hamilton, Choate, Waite, . Field, Conklinjf, Tierlman, Minor, Dillon, . Daniels, Chase, Harlan, Swan, McClain, Lincoln, Phi Delta Phi. Foiiiiilecl at the Unirersitr nf Mlchi nn. .S ' ljy. Chapter Rolt. Un Ifniversity of Michigan Union College, Chicago Columbia Law School St. Louis Law School Univer-sity of California Washington Law School Boston Law School Cincinnati Law School . Harvard Law School . Yale Law School versity of the City of Kew York Cornell University University of Missouri TJniversity of Virginia University of Minnesota Buffalo Law School Oregon Law School University of Wisconsin State University of Ohio State University of Iowa University of Nebraska Phi Delta -ji Phi ' j£ . Colors— Wine and Pearl Blue. Nu Sigma Nu Epsilon Chapter. Estahlislial ISHO. Fratres in Facultate. Dr. Parks Ritchie. Dk. Eugene Riggs. Dr. J. F. Fulton. Dr. C. a. Wheaton. Dr. A. J. Gillette. Dr. C. S. Greene. Dr. J. T. Rogers. Dr. a. E. Senkler. Dr. Geo. A. Hendricks. Dr. W. A. Jones. Dr. M. p. Vander Horck. Dr. J- H. Dunn. Dr. F. a. Dunsmoor. Dr. J. E. Moore. Dr. C. A. Erdman. Dr. George D. Head. Undergraduate flembers. 1S96. Harry Parks Ritchie. Dan Gordon Beebe. Wakkkn Arthur Dennis. Robert Allen Campbell. John David Pitblado. James Frank Corrett. William Ernest McLaughlin. Burt George Stockman. 1897. James Sterling Gilfillan. Hiram William Smith. Frank Earle Burch. George Albin Perkins. Henry Paddock Bacon. Mason Allen. Montreville Russel Wilcox. Arthur Clyde Thorp. 1898. Carl Herman Huhn. — 286- Nu Sigma Nu. MEDICAL. Founded at University of Michigan, 1881. Nu Sigma v Nu Alplia, University of Michigan Beta, Detroit College of Medicine Gamma, University of Penns ' lvania Delta, Western Pennsylvania Medical College Epsilon, University of Minnesota Zeta, Northwestern University Eta, Chicago College of Physicians and Surgeons Theta, University of Cincinnati Iota, New York College of Physicans and Suigeons Kappa, Rush Medical College Psi Upsilon.j8 riu Chapter. Estahlisheil 1S91. In Facultate. Jaiiez Hkooks. John Sinclair Clark. Fredkkick S. Jones Henry Francis Nacii ikieii. Joseph Brown Pike. John Corrin Hutceiins on. Frank Melville Manson. Harlow Gale. T. Dwic.iit Merwin. Post Graduate Member. Albeht Edward May. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Victor Hugo. Edgar Reginald Barton. 1897. Laurence Eustace Horton. Ivan . rthur Parry. Charles Giubon Flanagan. 1898. John Martin Harrison. Edmi ' nd Whitney Alger. F)rnest Tracy Hamlin. Frank Merton Warren. 1899. Edgar Wright Bartley. Harold Burnev Wili.akd. Walter Gibks Hudson. Harry E. Carney. Charles , rtiur Kiiigewav. Paul Eldredge Wilson. Ralph Todd Roardman. law department. Lewis Schwagur, ' 96. Harry Lawrence Donaiiower, ' 96 John Frederick Sciiurch, ' 96. Carl Hitchcock Fowler, ' 98. medical department. . sA John Hammond, ' 96. Merton Stearns Goodnow, ' 97 Edwin Martin Johnson, ' 99. — 290 — Psi Upsilon-j5 Psi Upsilon. Fotinileil :it I ' nion College. 1S33. Chapter Roll. Theta, Union College Delta University of the City of New York Beta, Vale University Sigma Brown University Gamma Amherst College Zeta, Dartmouth College Lambda Columbia College Kappa Bowdoin College Psi Hamilton College Xi Wesleyan University Upsilon University of Rochester Iota, Kenyon College Phi University of Michigan Pi, Syracuse University Chi, Cornell University Beta Beta, Trinity College Eta, Lehigh University Tau, llniversity of Pennsylvania Mu, University of Minnesota Rho, University of Wisconsin Colors: — Garnet and Gold. — 293 — Alpha Delta Phi ninnesota Chapter. listilhlishcil J.Silli In Facultate. Amos W. Abbot. Frederick J. E. Wooubridge. Charles L. Wells. Charles N. Hewitt. William Watts Folwell. William S. Pattee. Undergraduate riembers. 1896. Reuben Noble Day. Clark Hempstead. Edwin Hawley Hewitt. 1897. Murray Wilder Dewart. Charles Nelson Spratt. John Robert Rigby Hannay. Russell Paul Spicer. Hascal Russell Brill, Jr. 1898. Edwin Hawley Foot. 1899. John Journey Wells. William Henry Wright. John Ramsey Ritzinger. M EDIC A I. DK PA RTM KNT. Ai.itERT Thornton [Iirdsall, ' 96. Nathan Andrews Goddard, 97. — 294 — Alpha Delta Phi. Fouiulcd at Hainilioii Cullc e is: Chapter Roll. Hamilton, 1822, Hamilton College Columbia, 1836, Columbia College Amherst, 1837, Amherst University Brunonian, 1837, Brown University Harvard, 1837, Harvard University Hudson, . 1841, Adalbert College Bowdoin, 1841, Bowdoin College Dartmouth, 1845, . Dartmouth College Peninsular, 1846, University of Michigan Rochester, 1850, . University ' of Rochester Williams, 1851, Williams College Manhattan, 1855, College of the City of New York Middletown, 1856, Wesleyan University Kenyon, 1858, Kenyon College Union, 1859, Union College Cornell, . 1869, Cornell University Phi Kappa, 1878, Trinity College Yale, 1888, Yale University John Hopkins, 1889, John Hopkins University Minnesota, 1892, University of Minnesota Toronto, 1893, University of Toronto Chicago, 1896, University of Chicago Colors;— White and Enu ■raid Green. Flower:— Lilv of the Yallev. Alpha Delta Phi Theta Delta Chi Tau Deuteron Charge. Eslilljlishfil 1S92. In Facultate. Geokge B. Young. Edmund P. Sheldon. Francis R. m. ley. ' Undergraduate flembers. 1896. Thomas Ignatius McDermott. William Daniel Hartman. Edward Snoad Savage. Thomas Moffat Hughes. 1897. Linnaeus Tyndall Savage. George Hakrv Johnston. Albert Pfaender. 1898. Philip Ralston Thomas. Max Arthur Lehmen. Harry Sylvester Swenson. 1899. Hakrv Cornelius Bayless. Frederick Edward .Andrews. Merton Echo Harrison. LAW DEI ' ARTMENT. Willis Egleston. Elmer Lawrence Clifford. medical department. George Annand Gray. Soren Peterson Rees. Fred W. Prail. Theta Delta Chi. Foiindctl at I ' niitn Collcj c, 1S4 7 Charge Roll. Beta 1870, Cornell I ' niversity Gamma Deuteron, 1889, I ' niversity ot Michigan Delta, . 1853, Renssela er Polytechnic Institute Epsilou Deuteron, 1887, Yale University Zeta, 1853, Brown University Eta, 1854, . Bowdoin College Theta, . 1854, Kenyon College Iota, 1856, Harvard University Iota Deuteron, 1S91, . Williams College Kappa, 1856, Tufts College Lambda, 1S76. Boston University Mu Deuteron. 1SS5, Amherst College Nu Deuteron, 1884, Lehigh University Xi, ... 1S57, Hobart College Oniicron Deuteron, 1SG9, Dartmouth College Pi Deuteron, 1881, . College o ' the City of New York Rho Deuteron, 1S,S3, Columbia College Sigma Deuteron, 1895, uiversity of Wisconsin Tau Deuteron, 1892, ... I niversity of .Minnesota Phi 1866, Lafayette College Chi, 1866, ' niver.sity of Rochester Psi, .... 1867 Hamilton College Co LORi ,:- Black, White and Blue. Theta Delta Chi 301 Delta Deltas Delta Theta Chapter. Established ISO-t. Post Graduate Member. Louise Robinson. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Mary Isabella Davidson. Mary Chadbourne Smith. Lilian A. Siegler. Lydia May Plummer. 1897. Claribel Angle. Lizzie Luce. Kate McDermid. 1898. Jennie May Means. 1899. Francis Edna Crocker. Mary Ruth Crozier. Gracia Hazor Smith. May Daniel. Clarissa Louise Wilbur. Katk Bennett. Effie Jacobson. special. Gereta Eulalie Smith. Delta Delta Delta. Founded at Boston rnivvrsity, 1SS9. Delta Deltas Delta Chapter Roll. Alpha, Boston University Delta Deuteron Simpson College Epsilon, Knox College Gamma, Adrian College Beta, St. Lawrence University Zeta, . . ■ Cincinnati University Eta, Vermont State University Theta, Minnesota State University Iota, Michigan State University Lambda, Nebraska State University Sigma Wesleyan University Colors: — Silver, Pale Blue and Gold. Flower:— Blue Pansy. Deltas Sigma Delta Theta Chapter. Established 1894-. In Facultate. Thomas E. Weeks. Frkderick B Kkiimku. Charles M. Bailey. Willl m P. Dickinson. Thomas Braui-okd Hartzell. 1896. RonERT Armand Munro. Frank Mortimer Nokris. Wallace Leonard Tift. Henry Christian Beise. Frank Waverley Birch. Raymond Daniel Kelsey. Charles Purnell Montgomery. 1897. Mertin Stearns Goodnow. Thomas Frederic Cooke. William Alexander Moore. John Walter Sydney Gallagher. Henry Samiei. Godfrey. Haryky Byron Godfrey James Wiliu ' R Shankland. Edward Shumpik. r V Delta.js Sigma Delta Delta Sigma Delta. Dental. Founded at the University nf Micbiffan, 1SS2. Chapter Roll. Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Epsilon, Zeta, Eta, Theta, University of Michigan Lake Forest Universitj- Harvard University University of Pennsylvania University of California . Northwestern University Universitv of Minnesota Colors: — Lii;ht Blue and Carnet. Theta Nu Epsilon Tau Chapter. Post Graduate Member. Albert Edward May. 1896. Paui, Albert Higbee. Ci ark Hempstead. Edgar Reginald Barton. Edwin Hawley Hewitt. Reuben Noble Day. Frederick Hamilton Curtiss. Victor Hugo. John Stuart Dalrymple. Roy MacMillan Wheeler. Herman Howard Mattison. 1897. John Robert Rigby Hanney. Murray Wilder Dewart. Laurence Eustace Horton. Hascal Russell Brill, Jr. Harry Frank Simmons. A ' Z R : 11 I 2 C M = R Ivan Arthur Parry. 1898. Russell P. ul Spicer. P D O " l $ F h 3 X 9 LAW department. Lewis Schwager. Harry Lawrence Donahower. William De Witt Mitchell. Grant Van Sant. medical department. Howard Shoemaker Clark. Theta Nu Epsilon Theta Nu Epsilon. Futiriflcil at Wcslcviin L ' nivcrsUv. Chapter Roll. Alpha, Beta, (laniiiia. Delta, Epsilon, Zeta. Eta, ' I beta. Iota, Kappa, L. a nib da, Kajijia 2(1, Mil, Nn, . Chi, Omicron, I ' psilon, Tan, Phi, Ren; VVesleyan llniversity Syracuse University Union Colleffe Cornell University University of Rochester University of California Madison University Kcnyon College . Adelbert College Hamilton College . Williams College alacr Polytechnic Institute Stevens Institute Amherst College Lafayette College Rutgers College University of Michigan University of Minnesota Northwestern University Kappa Beta Phi Kappa Beta Phi. Ftunuh-t! Trinity, En lnnil, 2773. Frater in Medicina. Ai.iiHRT Thornton Birdsall. Fratres in Lege. Georoe Maxweli. Rlackstock Hawley, ' 93. William De Witt Mitchell, ' 95. Lewis Schwager, ' 95. Harry Lawrence Donahower, ' 96. Frater Post Qradus. Albert Edward May, ' 94. First Drawing from ' 96. John Sti ' art Dalrymple. First Drawing from ' 97. Reuben Noble Day. Clark Hempstead. Iyan Arthur Parry. Russell Paul Spicer. Harry Frank Simmons. Burton Augustus Towne. 1S98. F II $ % 3 m " X K = O — 9 ? z 1- r % n V o z - A ■ J ;=! ■ ■ = — 314- Phi Beta Kappa. Foundeil at Willinin anil Mary C iUc!fC, 1 TT(i. In Pacultate. President, First Vice-President, Treasurer, Secretary, Dkan C. W. Hali. Mrs. M. J- Wilkin Anna L. Guthrie Clara E. Bailey Fratres in Facultate. President Cyrus Northrop. Fred. D. Jones. J. Corrin Hi ' tcminson. Eugene E. McDermott. William Watts Folwell. Jabez Brooks. C. W. Hall. John. S. Clark. Henry F. Nachtreih. Matilda. J. C. Wii.kin. David L. Kiehle. Willis M. West. F. J. E. Woodbridoe. Charles. F. Sidener. Ch.arles p. Herkey. Wm. R. Hoag. John Zeleney-. Joseph B. Pike. Henry ' T. Eddy-. George B. Ui.iot. Graduate Hembers. Everhard Percy Harding, ' 94-. Clara E. Bailey, ' 92. Charles P. Berkey, ' 92. John Zeleney, ' 92. Francis Ramaley, ' 9.T. Law. Arthur B. Church. ' 91. Medicine. Asa. J. Hammond, ' 91. Undergraduate Members. 1896. Elizaheth Beach. Alice Weed. Caroline Fullerton Lydia May Plummer. Alexander Winchell. John Nelson Berg. Grace H. Miller. Katherine E. Roney. Rose A. Simmons. Mary C. Smith. Grace M. Tennant. Mary L. Porcher. Hattie E. Wells. Phi Beta Kappa- — 315 — Pi Sigma Pi Sigma. ENC.IMEKRING. Local, Estublisbcd 1S06. Post Graduate. HiiRACi; T. Eddy. 1S96. Adam C. Bryf.r. Fred W. Long. H. A. Erickson. Clive Hastings. T. M. Hughes. J. S. Lang. C. Paul Jones. Albert M. BuRCti. H.M.Wheeler. H. H. Woodman. Roland T. Wales. R. Craig. 1897. J. H. LONIE. George Becker. Arthur L. Abbott. Sigma Alpha Delta Sigma Alpha Delta. Fniindcfl at I ' nivcrsjty nf Xlinncsota, JS9o. 189(5. Caroline Fullerton. Alice E. Walker. Alice G. Rohiuns. Grace M. Ten.mant. 1897. Harriet McDo.nald. .Adelaide Thompson. Lulie McGregor. Mary Hooker. 1S98. J .11 r -i d X r z ' , $4 2 Z2 O O r = II = ' S — C = X t w o i O A L m Other Fraternities other Fraternities Represented. S ' , Wesleyan, 3 ip, Hobart, A ' .4, Centre. . Alice Elenor Walker George Maxwell Blackstock Hawlkv J. McKee Heffnek When tlie Gopher came out. f Federated Literary Societies li V- rnl ' .NKli XrUKUK.PSItKSCN President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Auditor, Federated Literary Societies. Officers. I. MlI.TON Davihs Hakkv L. Dixson Galkna MriiDKKiNr, H. (). Hanft Victor G. Pickett Federated Literary Societies Delegates to the Federated Council. Delta Sisma W. M. Crawford, W. J. Osborne Law, A. Frederickson, L. A. Foster Shakopcau H. B. Brooks, R. W. Nelson Forum L. T. Savage, P. G. Schmidt Minerva, Nellie Savage, Clara H. Berry Congress, P. W. Guilford, R. Y. Fcrner Sliako])ean. Minerva. Societies. Forum. Law Literary Delta Sigma. Congress. lnter=Society Debates Controlled. Fornni vs. L;l v Literary. Delta Sigma vs. Law Literary. Shakopean vs. Delta Sigma. Law vs. Shakopean. Minerva I ' s. Forimi. Inter- Collegiate Debates Controlled. Wisconsin vs. Minnesota. Iowa vs. Minnesota. — ■621 — Shakopean Shakopean Shakopean. Officers. President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Critic, Sergeant-at Arms, John H. Lewis Roy Y. Ferner George B. Caldwell . E. RlNGSTAD Peter C. Tonning Harry B. Brooks nembers. N. N. Bergheim. Theodore C. Bratrud. George B. Caldwell. L. 0. Clement. Roy Y. Ferner. Lee Galloway. L). A. Grusendorf. C. S. Hoff. S. A. Jord.-ihl. Edward F. McGinnis. E. F. Ol. gard. A. E. Petcrsoji. E. Ringstad. Peter C. Tonning. Harry B. Brooks. Conrad Christopherson. C. E. P. Colwell. G. A. Ellingson. William Fnrst. Charles C. Gilchrist. E. W. Hand;. John O. Johnson. John H. Lewis. Ralph V. Nelson. G. S. Phelps. N, N. Riinning. Aad Tone. Chas. E. Weathcrson. J. K. Waterman. HONORARY. A. W. Uhl. W. L. Hursh. W. F. Kunze. M.J. Lnby. C.N. Gouid. V. G. Pickett. L. B. Austin. W. L. Burnap. J. M. D.-ivies. F. Zimmerman. G. A. E. Finlayson. D. T. Owens. F. J. Sperry. E. M. Farmer. B. H. Knight. L. Hill. S. G. Updyke, Jr. W. S. Foster. M. M. Ring. A. C. Baker. Forum Forum. Officers. Forum President, Vice-President, Secretary-Treasurer, Sergeant-at-Arms, Critics, . Paul W James V. S. Fisher G. H. Johnston Paul G. Schmidt George A. Hanson Guilford, D. F. Swenson Members. F. L. Adair. L. N. Booth. H. R. Bursell. E. W. Couper. H. L. Di .xson. George C. iJiinlap. E. M. Freeman. P. M. Glasoe. J. R. Guthrie. E. G.Jewett. P. C. Langenio. A. A. Norton. Elias Rache. L. T. Savage. A. B Smith. H. B. Smith. J. H. Van Dyke. Otto F. Willius. J. R. Hitchings. Deltas Sigma Delta-j8 Sigma Delta Sigma. Officers. President, A. E. Stene Vice-President, W. M. N. Crawford Corresponding Secretary A. H. Lee Recording Secretary, B. S. Adams Treasurer, B. S. Nickerson Critic, F. Pitts riembers. W. A. Alexander. W. J. Briickman. J. M. Uavies. G. S. Hage. Willis McCrady. P. W. Mabey. W. J. Mosher. W. J. Osborne. 0. F. Schussler. E. 0. Snow. L. T. Bryant. E. M. Cunningham. C. G. Flanagan. A. C. Kinney. Jas. Mclntyre. L. L. Masted. A. R. N ' eyhart. Harold Pitts. W. S. Smith. Bert Wakefield. 0. M. Washburn. Minerva Minerva. Minerva Officers President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Critic, Sergeant-at-Arins. Agnes Woodward Minnie Erickson lolaii ozias Mary HaniNim . Halesia Sperry . Bertha Hanson riembers. Effie A. McComber, Bertha Hanson, Agues Woodward, Mary Hannum, Nellie Lenhart, Nellie Grant, Lolah Ozias, Nellie Savage, Agnes Halpin, Mabel Sylvester, Inez Chase, Galena Muedeking, Helen Berry, Lnella Gonld, Janet Gray, Iva Robinson, Jennie Webster, Mar ' Biirnes, Minnie Erickson, Halesia Sperry, Lillian Skoog. Law Literary President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Ser jeant-at-Arii. Officers B. T. Stevens K. E. A. Manley Ci. W. Myers A. H. Fkatherstone Oscar Hanft W SISJ 3-f ' A mm Officers. President pro teni, Secretary, Chaplin, Sergeant-at-Arms, A. H. Lee W. J. OsnoRNE S. A. Ei.Lis . J. L. Adams President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer Inter-State Oratorical Association. Officers, 1895.96. Homer C. House, Doane College, Crete, Nelj. D. E. Bi.AiK, Kansas Wesle ' aii, Salina, Kan. Sami-el L. McCtne, Ohio University, Athens, Ohio. Contest held at Topeka, Kansas, May 7, 1896. Minnesota represented by: Adolph 0. Eliason. Warren W. Pendergast. Oratorical Associations lnter=Colle£iate Oratorical Association. Officers. W. W. Pendergast President, Vice-President Secretary, Treasurer, Minnesota. Carleton. Macalaster. Hamline. J. R. Van Slyke M. M. Maxwell E. M. Dunn Adolph u. Eliason Contest held April 10, 1896, at University of Minnesota. First place. . . . . dolph O. Eliason University of Minnesota. Second place W. W. Pendergast I ' niversity of Minnesota. President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, University Oratorical Association. Officers. Charles F. Keyes Stephen G. Updyke George S. Johnston C. E. Payson Colwell Delegates to State Convention. Charles E. Adams. Frank L. Anderson. Vaclav Prucha. Contest for Pillsbiiry Prizes, March 14-, 1896. First prize Adolph O. Eliason Second prize Warren W. Pendergast Third prize, Charles F. Keyes Debates Debates. F. L. Anderson. Minnesota vs. Wisconsin. May 24, 1S95. FOR MINNESOTA. B. L. Newkfrk. Won liv Minnesota. ELizvnETii S. Beach A. H. Lee E. R. Bowler. Minnesota vs. Wisconsin. April 17, 1890, at the University of Minnesota FOR MINNESOTA. J. B. Miner. FOR WISCONSIN. M. W. Kai.aiier. Won bv Wisconsin. E. A. S.NOW. E. H. Evans. Minnesota vs. Iowa. May, 1896. FOR MINNESOTA. E. F. McGiNNis. Linnaeus T. Sayaoe. Sidney Phelps. Law Literary vs. Forum. February 1, 1896. FOR LAW. J. V. Hennev. E. M. Niles. FOR FORUM. P. W. Guilford. E. G. Jewett. Won bj ' Law. Delta Sigma vs. Law Literary. March 16, 1896. I-(1R LAW. E. H. EsTEY. J. C. Satiirie. A. L. Parsons. FOR DELTA SIGMA. W. J. OsrioRNE. A. H. Lee. J. McIntvre. Won bv Law. Chas. Ei.mquist. J. B. Miner. -332 Fuii .r The Ariel a; U3 2 « o The Ariel The Ariel. Piihlishcil Wccklv In- ilic SliiilciUs Editorial Board, ' 95= ' 96. Managing Editor Wesi.kv S. Foster, ' 96 „,. ., Chester N. Gould, ' 96 Editonals , , 1 Joel E. Gregory, 96 Literary Editor Mary Ward, ' 97 News Department. Editor-in-Cliief, J- M. Dayies, ' 96 (Charlotte E. Robh, ' 96 Associate Editors A. C. Beyer, ' 96 I J. B. Miner, ' 97 Athletic Editor L. D. Bruckart, ' 98 Editor Law DeiKirtment, S. B. Wilson, ' 96 Editor Agricultural Department, E. L. Heath, ' 98 Engineers ' Correspondent, G. L. Chesnut, ' 97 Bnsiness Manager, C. E. Weatherson, ' 96 Editorial Board, ' 96= ' 97. Managing Editor, P. W. GiiLi -ord, ' 97 ,, , - • 1 I K- W. Nelson, ' 97 bditonals [ I B. L. Nexykirk, ' 97 Literary Editor, Helen C Woodman. ' 97 News Department. Editor-in-Cliief, Harry L. Dixson, ' 97 I Jane Redfield, ' 98 , . , „ ,., j Alhert Pfaender, ' 97 Associate Editors F. B. Walker, ' 97 [ F. L. Adair, ' 98 Exchange Editor E. W. Coipek, ' 98 Athletic Editor, K. T. Boardman, ' 99 Editor Law Department, A. B. Childress, ' 97 Engineers ' Correspondent, G. L. Chesnit, ' 97 Business Manager, AxcEL Baker, ' 97 The Gopher ►4 -1 n c a. a; The Gopher. PiiltlislictI . nnii:iHv liy the Jliniitr Ctnss. Editorial Board for Gopher, ' 97. Editor-iii-Cliicf William F. Kinzk Business Maiiaij;ei-, V illlvm J. Parkkk Secretary Hakkiet McUdnald Artist, SusANNE T Donaldson Chairnian Litcrarv CoiTimittcc Lawrence N. Boom Associate Editors. Helen J. Baker. Lllie McCiRLr.iiR. Frank C. pAt ' OE. Laurence H. Horton. Willard L. Blknap. Charlics McCli ' RE. Gei)r ;i-: K. IIorton. Llnnaevs T. Savage. Editor En ' ;iiicerin,u; Cullese James j. Gar VEV Editor Law College, Geiirge K. Belden Editor Medical Colleges Gentz [ ' ekkv Editor Agricultural Sclioo ' 1 ' . H. Norton Editorial Board for Gopher, ' 98. Editor-in-Cliiel ' , liiiWARH M I ' Business Managers L. L. Ten Broeck, |. SIIicrzog Secretary .Makv !■; Olson Artists S. 11. WoLi " , U 11. Kmc.iit Associate Editors. Annabel W. Beach. Lillian B. Marvin. Cla ' Ri: Hllliwell. Makie A. KocHE. H. M. S ' l ANi-oRi). Charles Zelenv. D. F. Svvi ' .. si N. The Gopher The rjm Minnesota Magazine c The riinnesota Hagazine. I ' ubljshcil Monlhly. Iiy the Senior Class. The Minnesota Magazine Editorial Board, ' 95- ' 96. Managing Editor, Editor-in-Chief, . Secretarj Editorials, Business Manageis, Edgar R. Barton Vaclav Prucha Chas. F. Keves Warren W. Pendekgast A. 0. Eliason Frank L. Anderson F. R. Bartholomew (Clark Hempstead ICuAS. E. Adams Editorial Board, ' gd- ' gj. S. G. Updyke, Jr. W. J. Parker. L. N. Booth. L. T. Savage C. McClure. H. F. Simmons. E. G. Jewett. L. E. HoRTON. W. B. Roberts. C. N. Spratt. The Engineers dt Year Book a: c ■i •J a: Engineers ' Year Book. Puhlislicfi Annually b y the Students of the Engineering College, Editor-in-Cliicf, Business Manager, Assistant Business Manager, H. A. Erickson. C. P. Jones. Associate Editors. J. H. Linton. C. D. Hii.rERTY A. M. BuRCH K. T. W. LES T. M. Hughes. T. W. Long. The Engineers Year Book o c o -, CefrailfiG ' lJOf: O O O o ' The Quarterly Bulletin. Published (Jutirterly by the Faculty. ninnesota Botanical Studies. Publislicd by the f otanical Department. Student ' s Hand Book. Published annually hy the Young Men ' s and Young Women ' s Christian Associations. Editors, Business Manager, C. N. Gould, Caroline Fi ' llerton F. Zimmerman The Anchora. Organ ot ' the Delta (iamnia Fraternity. Published Ijy the Lambda Chapter. Editor, . . _ Ina Firkins — 341 — C - S Mandolin ' Club ft ' ' Sj Mandolin -.♦ Club Leader, Business Maiiajier, riandolin and Guitar Club. Officers. First Mandolins. Joel E. Gregoky Laurence E. Horton Joel E. Gregory. EuiMUNn W. Alger. Fay ' ette C. Klnyon. REiiiEN C. Thompson. Second Mandolins. Herman H. Matteson. Jaspar E. Searles. Walcott Wheaton. Guitars. Laurence E. Horton. Adolph O. Ell son. Theron W. Berglehaus. Ward W. Kinyon. Violoncello. Horace T. Eddy. -345 — Ski-U-Mah Quartette Clarence . . Zintlwo, First Tenor. Thomas M. Hnghes, Baritone. Jolin L. Adams, Basso John M. Davics, Second Tenor. Officers. President and Leader, Secretary and Treasurer, Librarian, . Thomas M. Hughes Lee Galloway John L. Adams l JXJBSfel MJ mu I Other Musical Organizations Ofticers. President and Director, Anna E. Schcien-Ren ' E Secretary C.J. Zintheo Treasurer, J. L. Adams Chamber Music Concerts. Held every third Monday evening, under tlie direction ol I ' k ' oi--. Hari.ciw S. Gale. Soloist. Villa W. White. Pianists. W. M. Cross. G. Johnsok. W. Petzet. H. E. Zoch. String Quartette. H. HOEVEL. R. L. Daniels. R. W. SnRvocK. Fritz Schlachter. Cadet Band. Officers. Leader A. L. Abbot President A. M. Burch Bu.siness Manager, N. P. Stewart Librai-ian 0. G. F. Markhus -34.7 — Inter- Collegiate Association «J8 Western Inter-Collegiate Athletic Association. Members. Beloit College. University of Chicago. Eureka College. Iowa College. Centre College of Kentucky. T ' niversity of Michigan. Northwestern University. University of Wisconsin. University of California. De Pauw University. University of Illinois. University of Kansas. Lake Forest University. I ' niversity of Minnesota. State University of Iowa. Oberlin College. Events. TR.VCK EVENTS. 1. 100 yards rnn, trial heats. 2. 1 mile walk. 3. 120 yards hurdle race, trial heats. 4. 4-40 yards run, trial heats. 5. 1 mile bicycle race, trial heats. 6. 100 v ' ards run, final heat. 7. 1 mile run. 8. 120 yards hurdle race, final heat. 9. 440 yards run, final heat. 10. 1 mile bicycle race, final heat. 11 . 220 yards run, trial heats. 1 2. 220 yards hurdle race, trial heats. 13. 8S0 yards run. 14. 220 vards run, final heat. 15 220 vards hurdle race, final heat. 1. Running high iumji. 2. Putting; the shot. FIELD EVENTS. 5 Pole vault. 3. Running broad jump. 4. Throwing the hammer. Officers. President Artiur W. North, University of California Vice-President P. L. Blodgett, Iowa College Secretary Gii.hert A. Bliss, University of Chicago Treasurer Henrv F. CociiEMS, University of Wisconsin Champions at the ' 95 Meet, Chicago. First University of California, .... 37 points Second, .... Iowa College, 17 points Third, . . , . University of Wisconsin, .... 16 points Athletic Association President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Football, Baseball. Tennis, Winter Sports, Track Athletics, Advisory Committee. Officers. George A. E. Finlayson Phillip R. Thomas Howard H. Woodman Fred Baldv (Law) Managers ' 96= ' 97. William K. Putnam Charles ELMQiisr ( Law) E. R. Barton Willis Walker . Stanley H. Bissell Advisory Committee. Professor Conway McMillan. Professor William R. Aitlkhy Professor Frederick W. Denton. And managers ot " all departments- Foot Ball ' ■I. s 4J K Q I.- Foot Ball VV. W. Heffelfingkk . Ed. W. Moui-ton ' Varsity Eleven. Xnnle. Position. Heigllt. 11 eiizht. John M. Harrison, ' 98, Left End, 6 ft . Oin. 1-1-8 John S. Dalrvmple, ' 96, Tackle, 5 10 175 Augustus T. Larson, ' 96 (Capt.) , Guard, 5 101 4 170 James C. Fulton, ' 99, Center, 6 VU 193 George A. E. Finlayson, ' 96, Right Guard, e 180 Willis J. Walker, ' 96, Right Tackle, 6 168 Thomas M. Kehoe, Medic, ' 96, Right End, 6 165 Charles E. Adams, ' 96, Ouarter Back 5 TVo 160 George T. Pettibone, ' 98, Left Half, 5 " 1 2 161 Henry C. Looniis, ' 99, Right Half, 5 11 170 H. A. Parkyn, Medic, P. G., Full Back, 6 2 175 Substitutes. Clinton L. Walker, ' 98 End Martin Teigen, ' 99 Tackle Ivan A. Parry, ' 97, Guard Stanley H. Bissell. ' 96. Guard John B. Loomis, ' 98, Quarter Back H. B. Guilbert, ' 98 Half Back — 353 — Foot Ball Record of Qames for Season of ' 95. Sept. 29 Oct. 5 Oct. 12 Oct 1 9 Oct. 25 Oct. 29 Nov 2 .Nov. 16 Nov. 23 Nov. 28 ' Varsity ' Varsity ' Varsity ' Varsity ' Varsity ' Varsity ' Varsity ' Varsity ' Varsity ' Varsitv vs. Central High Schiiol, vs. Griniiell, vs. Minnesota Boat Club vs. Ames College, vs. " U. " of Chicago, vs. Purdue, vs. Macalestcr, vs. " IT. " of Wisconsin, vs " U. " of .Michigan, vs. Ex-collegiates, Games won, 7. Points won, 136. Minneapolis, 20— Minneapolis, + — 6 St. Paul, 6— Minneapolis, 21- — Chicago, 10 — 6 Fayette, 4—18 Minneapolis, 40 — Minneapolis, 14 — 10 Detroit, 0—20 Minneapolis, 14 — Games lost, 3. Points lost, 60. Summary of Points from ' 89. ' 89. Alfred F. Pillsbury, Capt , ' 90. Horace R. Robinson, Capt., ' 91. Wm. J. Leary, Capt., ' 92. Wm. J. Leary, Capt., ' 93. James E. Madigan, Capt., ' 94. Everhard P. Harding, Capt., ' 95. Augustus T. Larson, Capt., . ' 96. John M. Harrison, Capt., Total ntiniber of points won, 790. Points won, 66 164 102 122 126 74 136 Points lost, 8 33 46 56 26 8 60 Total number of points lost, 237 ' Varsity vs. Micliigan. Oct. 17, 1892 14— 6 Oct. 28, 1893 34—20 Nov. 23, 1895 0—20 Points won, 48. Points lost, 46. Minnesota vs. Wisconsin. 1891 26-12 1892 32- 4 40— (I 1893, 1894, 1895, 0— 6 14—10 Foot Ball Points won, 112. Points lost, 32. Foot Ball Gopher Team. L. T. Savage . Left End J.J.Garvey, Left Tackle W.J. PaikcF Left Guard W. F. Kviiize Center C. McCliire Right Guard L. IJ. Horton Right End P.H.Norton, Right Tackle G. R. Horton Quarter Back W. L. Burnap Right Half F. C. Faude Left Half H. M. Coleman Full Back Helen J. Baker, Nurse Lulie McGregor, Mascot Laurence N. Booth, Spiritual Adviser Susanne T. Donaldson, Absentee Harriet McDonald, Coach — 3. 6 — Foot Ball Ariel Team. A. C. Beyer, J. B. Miner, C. E. Weatlierson, W. S. Foster, . H. G. Blanchard, J. E. Gregory, A. C. Kinney, S. B. Wilson, . J. M. Davies, E. L. Heath, . H. B. Brooks. Mary Ward, C. N. Gould, . Charlotte Robb, Qopher-Ariel Game. Score:— 4— 4 (in favor of the Gophers). Spir Left End Left Tackle Left Guard Center Right Guard Right Tackle . Right End Quarter Back Right Half Left Half Full Back Nurse itual Adviser Absentee -357 — Foot Ball Sophomore Team. I,. L. Ten Broeck, C. Christophersoti, John L. Adains, E. L. Heath, (Capt.) J. M. Hetiner, . S. E. Davis, H. A. Scandrett, F. J. Murph} ' , M.J. Luby, J. Tavesh, J. S. Herzog, Right Tackle . Full Back Right Guard Right Half . Left Half Center Right End Quarter Back Left Guard Left Tackle . Left Half Foot Ball riedic Team. P. C. Bjorneb3 ' Center F. L. Stephan, Right Guard George Edwards, Left Guard Earl McCollucli, C. H. Clark Right Tackle 0. E. Hejwark, Left Tackle J. R. Gill. D. P. Grass Right End N. F. Colvert Left Enc C. P. Montgomer} ' , Quarter Back A.L.Hill Right Half Back Ralph Keene Left Halt " Back Harrv Coleman, H. E. Hjardeniaal, Full Bad Games Played. Medics vs. Laws, on the Campus, Medics vs. Winona Normal, at Winona, 18—0 8—0 Foot Ball ,0 — V; ■SO) Jiil r: ,- - pi 100 Yards Dash. 220 Yards Dash. 220 Yards Hurdle. 120 Yards Hurdle. One Mile Run. 440 Yards Dash. One-halt " Mile Run. One Mile BIc -cle Race. Throwing the Hammer Field Day, May 20, ' 95. First— W. F. Dalryniple, ' 95. Second— T. W. Short, ' 96 Agric. First— T. W. Short, 96 Agric. Second— J. B. Erwin, ' 98. First— T. W. Short, ' 96 Agric. Second — R. C. Soule, ' 96 Law. First -E. P. Harding, P. G. Second— W. B. Roberts, ' 97. First— R. C. Soule, ' 96 Law. Second— Wm. H. Roberts, ' 98. First— T. W. Short, ' 96 Agric. Second— J. B. Erwin, ' 98. First- R. C. Soule, ' 96 Law. Second — J. B. Erwin, ' 98. First— C. R. Brackett, ' 97. -Second- F. W. Case, ' 98. First— E. P. Harding, P. G. Second — J. Lester Adams, ' 98. Time, lOi sec. Time, 24 sec. Time, 31 sec. Time, 2 1 Vt ' sec. Time, 5 m. SO- ' sec. Time, 56V2 sec. Time, 2 m. 161 2 sec. Time, 2 m. 313 i sec. Liistance, 82 ft. Track Athletics Track Athletics Putting the Shot. Running High Jump. Class Relay Race. Pole Vault. Event. 100 Yards Dash, 220 Yards Dash, 440 Yards Dash, Half-Mlle Run, One Mile Run, One Mile Walk, 120 Yards Hurdle, 220 Yards Hurdle, Two Mile Bicycle, One Mile Bicycle, Running High Jump, Running Broad Jump, Standing Broad Jump, Pole Vault, . Throwing the Hammer Putting the Shot, First— G. A. E. Finlayson, ' 96. Second — E. P. Harding, P. G. First— E. P. Harding, P. G. Second — Albert Pfaender, ' 97. First— Junior, ' 96. Second — Freshmen ' 98. First — J. M. Harrison. Second — Albert Pfaender, ' 97. Distance, 35 ft. 8 in. 5 ft. 3 in. Time, 4 m. 4 3 sec. 9 ft. 9 ft. University Records. Record. 10} sec. 24 sec. 56J sec. 2 m. 11 sec. 4 m. 53 sec. 8 m. 1 sec. 171 sec. 30 sec. 5 m. 57i sec. 2 m. 31 sec. 5 ft. 2 in. 19ft. 2iin. 10 ft. 1 in. 9 ft. 82 ft. 35 ft. 8 in. Holder. . W. F. Dalrymple, ' 95 Lee Calloway, ' 96 T. W. Short, Agi-ic. ' 96 . G. K. Belden, ' 92 . G. Rossman, ' 92 . F. M. Mann, ' 90 J. F. Hayden, ' 90 Ed. W. Taylor, Law ' 93 F. A. Erb, ' 96 C. R. Brackett, " 97 G. Rossmann, ' 92 . E. J. Clark, ' 93 Gustave Larson, ' 94 J. Harrison, ' 98 E. P. Harding, ' 94 G. A. E. Finlayson, ' 96 inter=Collegiate Records. Event. 100 Yards Dash, 220 Yards Dash, 440 Yards Dash, Half-Mile Run, One Mile Run, One Mile Walk, . 120 Yards Hurdle, 220 Yards Hurdle, Two Mile Bicycle, Rimning High Jump, . Running Broad Jump, Pole Vault. . Throwing the Hammer. Putting the Shot, Record. 10 sec. 21, i sec. 4711 sec. 1 m. 571 sec. 4 m. 23= sec 6 in. 52 i sec. 151 sec. 251 sec. 5 m. 15 sec. 6 ft. 4 in. 22 ft. 11 J in 10ft. lOJ in. 135 ft. 7J in. 41 ft. J inch Holder. L. H. Cary, Princeton L. H. Cary, Princeton Wendell Baker, Harvard W. C. Dohm. Princeton Ortger, U. of Penn. . A. Borcherling, Princeton . H. L. Williams, Yale . H. L. Williams, Yale VV. H. Simms, Swarthmore W. B. Page, U. of Penn. Victor Mapes, Cohiinbia C. R. Buckhaltz, U. of Penn. W. O. Hickok, Yale W. 0. Hickok, Yale Base Ball p. G. Wasgatt, Willis J. Walker, . F. C. Hale, Frank H. Gunii, Harry P. Ritchie, Walter C. Poeliler, Grant Van Sant, . W. H. Garfield, Eugene McCarthy, C. L. Walker, Ivan Parry. . Pitcher Catcher First Base Second Base Third Base Short Sto]) Right Field Center Field Left Field Substitutes Qaines. April 18. Minnesota vs. Minneapolis, at Minneapolis, May 4. Minnesota vs. St. Thomas, at St. Thomas, May 15. Minnesota vs. St. Thomas, on ' Varsity Groundt May 22. Minnesota vs. Michigan, at Minneapolis, t— 32 9— 3 7— 6 4—16 Tennis Tennis Tournament, ' 95. Dann Hooker Dann(def) . Campbell Hastings ] Hastings Hastings i -7 e-:j| 7-5 3-6 6-3 Lawrence Alger Alger 6-3 6-3) Alger Abernethy Love " Alger 7-5 2-6 6-3 Loye 6-2 7-5) 6-3 3-6 6-2 Hudson McCUire McChn-e (def.). Bartholomew ; Bartholomew Bartholomew Towne Bartholomew 6-2 6-2! 6-1 6-0) D i D i-i i Bartlev Bartholomew Porter-Bartley| 5_.-g__ g. J .j. 5.- _., Porter- Bye Bye-Bartley Parker Parker Crandell 6-2 6-4] Gilman {Oilman Keyes Gilman 6-0 6-1 ) 4-6 6-3 6-3 Ferner Hannev Hatniey " 6-1 6-0 1 [Hannev Wilson Wilson Ilanuev | 6-2 6-8 9-7 Johnston 6-2 6-8 7-5) 6-2 6-8 9-7) " Castle Castle Roberts 6-3 6-31 Rich Dean r - 1 ■ , - r. ! Castle Rich 6-1 6-2 1 3.,, c_3 „.5 Wvman 6-3 6 3 Wood 1 Morlev Morley " 6-4 6-1 1 Wvman [Wvman 6-2 6-1 J " 6-4 6-1 Wvman Booker 6-0 6-3 Wynian Wvman 6-0 4-6 10-8 6-4 U. of M. Winner and Cliam])ion •95- ' 96 Winter Sports Cross Country Club. President Lee Galloway Vice-President, Frank C. Faude Secretary, William H. Lawrence Treasurer, Stephen B. Soule Manager, Captain, Manager and Trainer, President, Vice-Presidents, Secretary, Hockey Club. Gymnasium Club. Snowshoe Club. Officers. Jesse Van Valkenburg Willis Walker D. F. Grass Adam C. Beyer Harry J. Castle Howard H. Woodman F. E. Andrews Treasurer H. W. Hudson — 365 — Winter Sports h f , t Bm r .J r L h _ ..,..0, n H H ' i IS 1 k,v» » |p V ' s w imM : ar ■r K- ' .. . . ' «» K ivv. . s w H -L :.- i ' . f TMd - ILj a V ■ ,_lfM. fl wr - !!p:. ' B m- 1 Basket Ball Team. School of Agriculture. George Aldrich Left Forward George Crippen Right Forward E. L. Heath, Center Forward O. F. Berkey, Center E. H. Riley Center Guard Edward Morris, Right Guard La Verne Pryor Left Guard SUBSTITUTES. E. N. Disnev. G. W. Smith. -366 — Military Military Commissioned and Non-Commissioned Officers of the Corps of lViilit2.ry % fe5 Cadets, University of flinnesota. Staff. Cadet 1st Lieutenant and Adjtitant . . R. P. Bi.ake Cadet 1st Lieutentant and Quarterniastcr, .... J. E. Gregory Non-commissioned Staff. Cadet Sergeant Major V. B. Rokkrts Cadet Color Sergeant, F. C. Kinyon Cadet Quartermaster Sergeant F. W. Wiuiukr Band. Chief Musician A. L. Aiuiott Principal Musician, A. M. Burch Cadet Drum Major, N. D. Bessessen Company A. Cadet Captain, . C. O. A. Olson Cadet Sergeant, . C. A. Ballard Cadet 1st Lieutenant, F. Zimmerman Cadet Sergeant, . . J. L. Adams Cadet 2nd Lieutenant, T. Ueyereaux Cadet Sergeant, T. V. Burglkhaus Cadet 1st Sergeant, . H. J. Castle Cadet Sergeant, . Ciias. McClvre Company B. Cadet Captain, Clark Hempstead Cadet Sergeant, . J. V. S. Fisher Cadet 1st Lieutenant, H. H. Chapman Cadet Sergeant, W.H.Lawrence Cadet 2nd Lieutenant, . F. W. Long Cadet Sergeant, . A. J. Dickinson Cadet 1st Sergeant, J. J. Garyey Cadet Sergeant, . F. J. Mirpiiy Company C. Cadet Captain, . C. D. Hileekty Cadet Sergeant, . . J. B. Miner Cadet 1st Lieutenant, . C. P. Jones Cadet Sergeant. K. S. Swenson Cadet 2nd Lieutenant, L. M. Coleman Cadet Sergeant. . J. M. Heefnek Cadet 1st Sergeant, . W.Yale, Jr. Company D. Cadet Captain, . . A. C. Beyer Cadet Sergeant, . F. W. McKellup Cadet 1st Lieutenant, C. L. Chesnut Cadet Sergeant, E. M. Freeman Cadet 2nd Lieutenant, A. F. Maxwell Cadet Sergeant, . F. M. Warden Cadet 1st Sergeant, H. H. Woodman Cadet Sergeant, . . J. B. Irwin -369 — Military Bicycle Company of the Col-ps Cadets. 1st Lieutenant, 2nd Sergeant, C. E. Brace K. H. Cosgrove H. L. Currier S. W. Dean S. G. Eliason F. E. Force Officers. Herman H. Chapman, J. Burt Miner, Privates. G. H. Greene R. C. Flanders G. S. Hage H. Hirschman S. R. Houlton F. E. Johnson C. P. C.P.Joy H. Koren H. W. Kingston H. C. Magee J. C. Muir CM. Nye E. Colwell. The University of Minnesota. Acting Captain Acting 1st Sergeant G. H. Roberts H. L. Shephard H. N. Stanford E. W. Taylor J. K. Waterman O. H. Epsy la. M ' ' .C ,, ' ef iS . ...f..... ....aeition term percent Report Bent to the Segiat Ay ' .fr-fs, Political Organizations o d u u o ■ SB bo v: r ►J Officers, ' 95- ' 96. President William T. Coe First Vice-President Joel E. Gregory Second Vice-President, E. E. Harrison Third Vice-President, L. L. TwrrciiELL Secretary, Harry J. Castle Treasurer, G. A. Will Executive Committee. William T. Coe. Joel E. Gregory. E. E. Harrison. L. L. TwiTCHELL. Harry J. Castle. G. A. Will. Willis C. Otis. William F. Kunze. Benjamin C. Sheldon. George W. Myer. C. E. Caine. Charles Elmquist. Grant Van Sant. Gentz Perry. F. E. Moody. Officers, ' g - ' gy. President, Joel E. Gregory First Vice-President Harry J. Castle Second Vice-President Elmer E. Harrison Third Vice-President, E. A. S. Green Secretary, J. B. Miner Treasurer, L. B. Baldwin — 373 — Political Organizations Political Organizations ]l( President, Vice-President, Secretary , Treasurer, Officers. Alexander W. Caldwell Alvin C. Kinney . James W. Smith EuwARD M. Freeman Officers. President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Benjamin C. Gruenberg B. H. Bowler Clayton J. Dodge H. 0. Hanft Officers. President William Furst Vice-President M. J. Luby Secretary and Treasurer, S. G. Phelps Political Organizations Civil Service Reform Club. Officers. President, Vice-President, Secretary, Treasurer, Benjamin C. Sheldon . William T. Coe C. P. E. COLWELL F. Otto Willius Students ' Christian Association. Officers. President, Edmund G. Jewett Vice-President Isabella Clement Secretarj-, Ora Featherstone Treasurer, L. T. Savage -375- Religious Organizations Officers 1896=97. . Linnaeus T. Savack Edmund G. Jewett W. W. Gallop, Law G. H. Li ' DKE, Medic William J. Parker Sidney G. Phelps Clayton J. Dodge President, First Vice-President, . Second Vice-President, Third Vice-President, Treasurer, Recording Secretary, . I Corresponding Secretary, The Y. n. C. A. is Tlie agency of the Church in helpingcollege men The largest organization in the University. The largest inter-collegiate organization in the world. ' Iv ' . Tlie Y. M. C. A. Holds a meeting for yonng men. every Sunday afternoon. Has an employment bureau. Holds socials and receptions. Has classes for Bible study. Furnishes nursing for tlie sick. Welcomes new students, finding them rooms and board. Has rooms which are a favorite resort during the week. Holds a prayei -meeting every Wednesday noon. The Y. M. C. A. wants Every young man of good moral char acter to become a member. To be the social and religious head i|uarters for University men. Religious Organizations Officres, i896 ' 97. President ' ice-President, Corresponding Secretary, Recording Secretary, Treasurer, Marv Ward Marv R. Crozikk Effie H. Hutchison Stella E. Gray Florence M. Weston as steadily grown in interest, its fifth year, we find it with a The Association was organized in 1891, and h numbers and influence, so that now, at the close of membership of about 110, established in the jirettiest room on the campus. Sunday afternoon meetings and midweek prayer-meetings have been regularly held throughout the 3-ear. Bible study, under the faithful direction of Miss Luella Gould, has been made the fundamental work of the Association. A personal workers ' class, under Prot. Wilkin, has been very helpful. Last (October the Association had charge of the State Convention. One of the pleasant events of the year was a reception, given Dec. 17, to the Y. M. C. A., when gifts for the furnishing of the new room were received . With an earnest Christian member- ship, the Y. W. C. A. has a brilhant fut- ure, and will become a social and spirit- ual blessing to the young women of the Universitv. Miscellaneous Organizations Camera Club. Officers. President Dr. Gkorge B. Frankforter Vice-President, Charles D. Hilfertv Secretarj ' , . . . " William F. Kunze Treasurer, Charles C. Gilchrist Chemical Society. President, Dr. George B. Frankforter Members. Chemical Faculty and advanced students in chemistry. Biological Journal Club. President, Henry F. Nachtrieb riembers. Biological Faculty and advanced students. Engineers ' Society. President C. Paul Jones Vice-President W. L. Tanner Secretary William L. Miller Treasurer, O. G. F. Markhus Business Manager R. P. Blake Philador Chess Club. President Harold Koren Vice-President George D. Montfort Secretary ' , Herman H. Chapman Winner of Spring Tournanieut of 1893, Harold Koren Winner of Fall Tournament of 1S95 Vm. McKinstry Fortnightly Scientific Society. President, Arthur H. Elftman Philological Society. I or original work in I ' hilolo ical lines. President Charles W. Benton, B. A. Executive Committee. Charles W. Benton, B. A. Matilda J. Wilkin, M. L. John S. Clark, B. A. Olaus J. Breda Frederick Klaeber, Ph. D. — 379 — Miscellaneous Organizations Miscellaneous Organizations Tlic Chain Gang German Club. Meets fortnightly Ibr practice in Ci ' nvcr nti )nal t-ernian. Officers. , President Makie Sciiokn Secretary Hauoi.d Koui-.n Latin Club. Vor Collo jui:il work and Si lit Remlin in Latin. Director, Joseph B I ' ikk, M. A. Dramatic Club. Officers. President, C " .. A E. Finlavson Vice-President, . Louis U. Frankel Secretary, Mahv H. H annum Treasurer, Fkank C. Fauue Executive Committee. Makia L. SANi-ORn. Louis R. F-rankel. Mary H. FL nnum. Frank C. Faude. Charles F. McClumi ' ha, Ph. D. E. E. McDekmott, M. S. G. A. E. F ' iNLAVsoN. Society for Psychical Research. Alinnest ta Brancll. Secretary Harlow S. (Sale Politico=Historicai Union. Officers. Persident E. N. Tuckey Vice-President Bernice L. Hennings Secretary, Stephen G. Utdyke Knights of English Learning. Witan. President, Carollne Fullerton Secretary and Treasurer, Laurence N. Booth Tamazine L Evans. Chester N. Gould. Hannah Grii-eith. —SSI- Miscellaneous Organizations Prizes Pillsbury Prizes in Oratory. First Prize, $30, . . . Adolph 0. Eliason Second Prize, $25, . Warren W. Pendergast yS= Ji . Third Prize, $20, . Charles F. Keyes T y Ml. ' 9 Memorial Prize. DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY. rPBCZE l ' Alexander W. Caldwell. - " C Moses Marston Scholarship. 1? UraSU 2 ffiii DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH. %P ' TT If! ' I, Ia ' an Rincstad. X; Albert Howard Scholarship. Josephine E. Tilden. B. S. Qillette=Herzog Prize. DEPARTMENT OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING. First Prize, $50 and Gold Medal, L. H. Chapman For design of Swing Bridge. Second Prize. $30 and Gold Medal, H. L. Tanner For design of Rotarj ' Induction Motor and .Alternate Current Generator. Glenn Medal. department of military science. First Contest, ' 94- ' 95 J. R. R. Hannay Second Contest, ' 94- ' 95, J. R. R. Hannay First Contest, ' 95- ' 96, L. L. Ten Broeck Qilfillan Prize. department of ENGLISH. English Verse. — (Not Awarded.) English Prose. First Pi-ize, $40, " English Puiitanisni " A. L. Hhlliwell Second Prize, $25, " Social Function of . rt, " McL. White Third Prize, $10, " Art Impulse, " E. H. Hewett In Memoriam U. of M. Daniel A. Robertson»or o, Agncu ' ture Died narch ■ . •»9S •i.itherland Helen Sum _ . ,,,Hy P " ' " Died J " " ' ' Died January , ovenxo V en _ , George L« . , febr " ' , Commence- ment June 6, 1896. Julius J. Boraas, Clakenci; B., Class Play, Valedictorian. Salutatorian. Olynipin up lu Bute. Literary L ' Etoile du Nord. E LOVE the old familiar lays that sing themselves within the soul, The chanson of heroic days, deep-echoed on the battle ' s roll; The notes that rouse the minstrel flute to some new carol sweet and tender, Or only murmur in the mute, cold aisles of memory ' s haunted splendor. And one sweet song I know full well, so often have I sung it over. Will linger like a magic spell within my happy heart for ever. For though the passing clouds be dark, tho ' home and comrades be atar. There beams and shines through all its lines the glorj ' of the Northern Star. ' Tis not such song of ancient glory as echoed to the harper ' s strain, When, with the jest and battle story, the mead-cup went around again. It is the song the young To-Day, nursed on the bosom of the Past, Sends out in praisefnl melody across the Future dim and vast ; A song her proud Superior swells, while yellow harvests nod in tune. And Mississippi ' s voice foretells the grandeur of her coming noon. This song tells how from out the Old across the mighty western sea. Our fathers came, strong men and bold, to seek a friend in liberty. .• nd farther still, through shadows led where Minnesota ' s treasures are. They owed their joys to light ahead that gleamed from thee,0 Northern Star! 0, Northern Star, our hope is strong, and reaches upward to the height; The way is toilsome, steep and long, but thou dost lead us thro ' the night. The lodestar of our trust and love that draws our every tho ' t on high. Till, ' customed long to look above, we learn the pathways of the sky. Then guide us on. Thy sterling worth concentered in our higher school. Shall make thee monarch of the North that art predestined thus to rule. Guide on till every hill and vale where flame the fires that scorch and scar, Its own deliverance shall hail in thy pure light, 0, Northern Star. Arthur W. Upson, ' 98. Literary - fUXi C Tei-iei? (-]!5 CURU3; [-ie( r7-- ii Ife A CUPID ' GQ " GUR] ■ — Literary Literary niggltewink. all the men I cliaiite to meet, Men somewhat slow, men somewhat fleet. Ten score ol men — or less or more — There is but one that I adore — ( f all the men I meet. I knew him years ago — and my. But he was just about so high ! He wore knee trousers; he had curls; He never smiled at other girls ; There were just he and I ! I asked my nurse if she could think Of another boy like Miggltewink ; But that nurse to the doctor said, " This child has croup; she ' s out of her head ; Some cod liver oil, I think. " Biit Miggltewink grew up with me — And just as real as real could be, Though no one thought that he existed And he was grieved when so resisted — My Miggltewink could see. He now is just as old as I ; We look alike — we ' re just so high ! To what I saj ' he ' ll just agree; He never flirts ; he loves but me, There is Miggltewink and I. There are other men ? yes, I know. They love you ? Yes, thej- tell you so. But only one can understand ; He lives in croup and measle land — This wondertvd man I know. We ' ll sail by a certain river ' s brink — Out to the sea — dnd the West, I think. By a certain man will my boat be S]ied- The man 1 saw when out of my head — Mv dream bov — Miggltewink. -H. J. B. Literary A Freshman ' s First Essay. The Dog. I HE dog is an animal, a quadriipeil animal, with tour legs and as many feet as it has legs. There are two kinds of dogs — big dogs and little dogs. We see more little dogs ai ' ound here, because thej ' don ' t get a chance to grow big. There is a medical school near here, also a Psy- chology teacher. Some dogs have short, curly tails with a tassel on the end, and some have long, straight tails with a tin ■ - ' ' can on the end. The dog is a very useful animal. It is used for hunting, killing snakes and mice, scaring burglars; and we often hear of gentlemen who drink going to the dogs — to get cured, I suppose, though the Keeley cure must be just as good. Dogs sometimes do as brave deeds as other men, but like women, they never get lull credit, because they are only dogs. In some ways, however, dogs are ver ' harmful. Often they go mad and bite people, and when a black dog walks down the front steps before breakfast, it is a sure sign that there will be a funeral in the house during the year. This happened at my chum ' s step-uncle ' s, and within two months his second cousin-in-law ' s kitchen queen fell down the cellar stairs backwards into a tub of soft soap and was almost kille d. She would have died, only the black dog had a white spot over one eye, which broke the charm. Besides this, dogs have a very bad elfect on the weather. Dog-days are the hottest and most disagreeable of the year. But " every dog must have its day, " so, of course, it isn ' t their faxdt. Thus we see that dogs can do lots of harm as well as good. However, taken altogether, the dog is the most valuable and useful of all four-footed quadrupeds, and we will certainly agree with the great poet (Daniel Webster or Mozart or some one) who says about the animals: " W e may live without horses or ponies or trots. We may live without boys (though we ' d miss them just lots), We may live without fish, we maj ' live without frogs. But civilized man cannot live without dogs. " — Margaret Castle. ' 98. When Kunze S ed the Ball. H, yoii ' ve all heard of our ball game. Heard of mighty Kunze, too; Of the smiles amid the . riels As the ball thrice past him flew. But you haven ' t heard the story, The best story of them all. Of that happy (?) hour for " Gophers, ' When Kunze ! ! ? ! J® " ed the ball. ' Twas the Ariel-Gopher ball game .And the Ariels ' score looked fat; Our figure was at zero, And great Kunze at the bat. " Swipe her, Kunze, " yelled the " Gophers, ' " Knock that little round thing flat, " All to win and uotight to lose, And Kunze at the bat. ' Mid a hush of expectation Now the ball just skimmed his head; Great Kunze gave a sickly grin; " Strike one, " the umpire said. Again the pitcher humped his back. Again he sent her through. Gi-eat Kunze turned three times around; The umpire said, " Strike two, " " He ' s a pudding, " roared the " Newsies, " " He ' s gone up without a doubt. " " He is rattled, " gasped the " Gophers, " " One more fluke and we are out. " " I ' ve done my best, " says Kunze, " But that pitcher don ' t strike me. " If something don ' t get hit this time, " My name ' s not Kunze. See! " The next one came like lightning. And the umpire held his breath. For he knew if Kunze hit it ' T would scare the crowd to death. But Kunze swung to nail it Backed with all his nerve and gall. Oh, if you had but heard the yell As Kunze stopped the ball ! He caught the pig-skin in the ribs; It bent him up quite double. I ' 11 tell you what he said this wa3 ' ' Twill save a heap of trouble. And Kunze didn ' t even run; He stopped a while to talk, And then, amid the Gopher cheers. He took " first " at a walk. He doesn ' t keep a beer saloon, He ' s not mayor of the town: Still, he ran the greatest " Gopher " Board That ever has been found. But you needn ' t mention " Gopher " If you wish to hear it all: Just ask about that day in May When Kunze stopped the ball. Literary t (I «■ -}(■ ■ ■( ) — 391 — Literary Literary -js - Alter if TUiiinl Alcclin Sixty Minutes in the Editorial Sanctum, or Wlio Wrote the Gopher. .A Trngrcftt-Cf wiatl Ilrnnm in One Act. Dnimath Personae — The Kditors. Place — The Gophkr Room. Time — l:4-tU pm- Scenery — A. Carpenter ' s famous painting entitled " Outside the Ariel Wall. " Scenic Effects — Miss MacDonakl ' s smile and Mr. Kunze ' s funereal scowl. Chin Music throughout. Present — . bout two-thirds of the Board. Billy Parker (while sweeping the floor) — Say, folks, do you know, that if ' ads " keep a coniin ' in at this rate, we ' ve got to bind our book in Morocco or declare dividends, or do something to get rid of the surplus dough ! All — No-o-o-o ! Billy P. (with a sarcastic grin) — That ' s straight. I went to see a rich old dufi ' er the other afternoon and told him it was a rare privilege to be allowed to take a full page " ad " in our book. Well, he — How lovely! Bi7 rP.— Lovely !— that don ' t ex])ress it. Wish 1 could get hold Who ' s rattling the door ? (Enter Mr. Wni. F. Kunze, Eil -in-Chief Gopher Board, Assistant in Chemis- try, Member of Shako])ean Literary Society, Fortnightly Scientific Club, V. M. C. A., S. C. A., Subscriber to Sleepy Eye Herald, Future R. R. .Magnate, Etc., Etc.) Kunze — Say, we ' ve got to get to work. We ' re behind time already. ( Board exchanges ominous winks. ) Faude (in a soft bleating voice) — Mr. Editor-in-Chief, I think this meeting was called too soon after dinner. Kunze — May I ask why, Mr. Faude? ' Faude — Because yon were not able to get here on time. (Suppressed giggles. Geo. Horton stuffs his handkerchief into his mouth and goes into a choking fit. Miss Mcfjregor jumps up to pat him on the back. ) Kunze (pounding his desk) — Order, please. We must have order! Now, I was going to say, we have to (Door flies open and Booth comes puffing in. I Literary Booth— m T late? (Hangs up his coat and puts his hat in the ventilator, whereupon it tumbles clown the flue. Board nearly splits with laughter.) That ' s all right, go ahead. I thought youall looked too I let my hat tum- ble down there just to give you something to laugh at. It ' ll come out some day. Kunze — But this Gopher won ' t ii we don ' t get down and hustle. Now about the binding of the book. Miss MacDonald have you a sxiggestion to mtike? Miss MacD. — Why, I think it would be real nice to have it bound in cream silk and hand painted with pink roses. (Billy P. taints. Loud cries for water. Perry pours a bottle otink over him.) W r P. (coming to)— I ' m all right now. I was just thinking what a lovely item that would make in my accomits, and it ovei ' camc me. Garvei — Mr. Editor-in-Chief, I move that the book be bound in untanned gopher skins. G. Norton — Good ! And we can use the tails for book marks ! ( Goes through a comjilex series of contortions, expressive of his delight.) (Enter Laurie Horton, half an hour late.) Laurie — Am I late ? (Sinks into a chair and goes to sleep. ) Burnap — That gopher hide scheme will be too costly. When I was a child I used to snare ' em out in Dakota, and I couldn ' t catch one. They ' re scarce, I tell you. Kuny.e — Well, if it ' s the sense of this meeting we ' ll have the Business Manager look the matter up. Billy P. (tragically) — Good heavens! Is it come to this? Am I a handler of hides. (Soft tap on the door. It is opened and three arrogant Ariels are spied without.) Board — What do you want ? Ariels (licking their chops) — We want to come in. Board — Yon can ' t. Get out ! Ariels — We can ' t, eh ! Come on, fellows ! (Ariels try to force the door. Gophers try to shut it. Kesult: . n crash; the door splits in two, and the Ariels slink in terror to their den. Gophers grin maliciously and gather up the pieces. Laurie (waking up) — Who on earth broke the door? Kunze — Never mind the door now. I et — me — see, — where — were — wc : yes, we ' ll have Mr. Savage ' s report on Savag-e— Miss Baker has it and I don ' t know where she is. Kunze — You know where Mr. Childs is? All right. Well, please go and get Miss Baker. Savage (departing) — Hang it all, my girls are always getting lost! Kunze — We ' ve got to make better progress. We ' ll now pass to the frontis- piece. (Knock without.) Confound it! Who ' s there? (Enter Mr. Hubbel.) Huhbel— Is this the Ariel office? .4 — Yes. Huhbel— WeW, I want to pay my subscription. Billy P. — All right. I ' m your man. Have a receipt ? (Hubbel forks out $1.50, smiles pleasantly and bows himself out. Gophers get up and execute a war dance. Even Mr. Wm. Kunze grins as he says: I awful The Oh Well, let ' s tjet to work. Now about tliat frontispiece. " Hiawatlia anil Min- nclialia " has been snggested; any objections? Fatide — Yes; the statue isn ' t clean, and so we ' ll get a dirty pliotograiih. G. Hortoii — Oh, we can have a wnsli drawing made of it, you know. ( Twists himself up into a knot.) Kiinzc — We shall have to find out whether that can be done, so we ' ll consider it at the next Savage (rushing in with Miss Baker) — Here she is ! Here she is! All — What made you so long ? Savage (blushing) — We were looking for the report. i ss liakei — Yes, and Mary Ward was hel|)ing us, but we couldn ' t find it. Kiiiizc (grinding his teeth) — Well then, I suppose we ' ve got to consider ([nota- tions. Who has one for Miss Baker? Billy P. — Here ' s one from Keat ' s ' ust ])at: " She is like a milk white lamb that bleats for man ' s protection. " Miss Baker — Oh, you horrid thing! Never mind, I ' ve just as good a one for you : " He does nothing but talk of his horse. " That ' s Shakspere! Aliss Donaldson — Oh, Mr. Kunze, let ' s leave the quotations. Don ' t you think it would be very appropriate to have the names of the Board on a tomb- stone ? Miss McGregor — I don ' t want my name to disgrace a tombstone! 73oot i— Ha! Ha! Ha! That ' s a good joke. .4 — What? Booth— Why. Prof. Leavenworth gave me a joke for the Gopher. .4 — Read it. Booth — All right. Here it is: " A man named Moon was presented with a daughter by his wife; that was a new Moon. The old man was so overcome that he went off and got drtink; that was a full Moon. . ' nd when he got sober he had but twenty-five cents left; that was the last cpiarter. " How ' s that? Here ' s another — from Di» Hewitt : " Mother — What ' s that smacking noise in the parlor? Studious Boy (who goes to school) — It ' s sister and her young man exchanging mi- crobes. " (Groans and cries of ' Chesnuts! Stale! " ) Kunze — Order! What are we going to do about those quotations? Faude — I move we adjourn. Kunze— And that tombstone? McClure — I second the motion. Kunze — .And those jokes? And we haven ' t acted on that farm history, and the farmer wrote that he has to stay home and nurse a sick calf, and — what are you going to do about it. motion say " aye. " — Aye ! Kunze — U it ! (Grand scramble for the door.) ( Curtain.) Literary IVeii ' I ' ruiit the Guphcr Sniictiiiii. Well, all in favor of the 395 Literary The Qopher-Ariel Baseball Game. I sing of brave and mighty ' deeds, Of corking hits and grand-stand plays, When Ariels dallied with the ball, And Gophers caught the craze. ' Twas in the spring of ninety-five; The Gopher ' s Fall, so dire their fate; They caught the craze but not the ball — ' Twas sad to contemplate. Their fielders shone as fielders will. Who never far afield do roam — Though if an Ariel reached first base The Gophers " saw him home. " • Grounders our fielders neatly dodged — Sky-scrapers viewed with yearnings fond; There were no " flies " on our fieldmeu— They always went beyond. When at the bat what hits they made— But alwaj ' s in an Ariel ' s way; The Gophers ran swift as the wind — The wind was dead that day. When sturdy Savage took his place, The outfield trembled at his frown ; But when our Savage slid to first, The umpire " called him down. " What shouts were raised around the field When B. M. Towler broke his bat; We got along quite e without An umpire after that. ' — " ' -Jff The play went on — drew to a close ; The game was gone without a doubt; And soon they saw all hope was lost When Kunzc had struck out. The game was lost — the Gophers wroth, But counted it as no great sin — The reason plain they lost it, was. Because thev didn ' t win. Literary An Idea. I ' ll build a house of taffy slabs Of red and white and blue. And fasten them with chewing-gum — The kind you like to chew. The foundation shall be caramels, The beams the best of rock. The joists the best of peanut stick In all of Xerxa ' s stock. The pillars shall be peppermint All colors twisted round, In chocolate and walnut creams The cornice shall abound. Each door shall be a candy heart. Each occupant a plum. Each window flaunt a banner gay Made out of Kis-Me gum. We ' ll dine all day on lemon ice, And cakes all made of cream. And pies that make your tongue just swim. And always make you dream. And all this sweetness is for you, My bonny " U " girl, fair. When you ' ve amassed a bank account Which vou with me will share. -Pedro. -397- Literary Pyramus and Thisbe. P ' rannis lived in one side of a double lionse, No. 1018 Appian Way, Konie. Thisbe lived in the other side, No. 101(3. Pyraniiis sold headbands for Tiillius Verf, ' ilius, who dealt in gents ' fnrnishin ' s. Pvramns wore a creased tunic and tan sandals, and fastened his green and yellow plaid toga with a bull-dog ' s head brooch. He smoked cigarettes, and tried to be a devil of a fellow. Thisbe went to the Ladies ' Seminary across the way, where Mrs. Appius Cicero taught Greek and Illyrian instruction on the lyre and vocal music a specialty. Terms 5,000 sestertii a year, payable on the Kalends of each month. Thisbe loved Pyramus and Pyramus loved Thisbe. They used to talk to each other through the partition which sejiar- ated the atriiun of Thisbe ' s house from the atriiun of that of Pyramus. Once Pyramus had taken her to a chariot race on the Campagna. But Thisbe ' s father, a crusty old ad- vocate, named Plutus, didn ' t like Pyra- mus. " He may be all right, my dear, " he said to Thisbe, " but the pattern of his toga disturbs my sleep nights; and they say he throws dice. What are his ]iros- pects ? He ' ll never be anything more than a mercator, with, perhaps, 15,000 sestertii a year. Look at Jason, now. Money talks, my dear. " Jason was an advocate, like Plutus. His father was a self-made man, who ow-ned land in Carthage; and Jason himself eschewed cards and tobacco, and was thought by all the mothers on the Palatine hill to be an exemplary young fellow. " And if old Pyramus don ' t keep his chickens off my flowei ' beds, went on Phitus, with rising ' S " wrath, " I ' ll have him before the aedile. Mrs. Plutus! is this all you ' ve got for dinner? " Plutus was an amateur gar- dener as well as all advocate. And Mrs. Pyramus, Sr., didn ' t like Thisbe, who wore bloomers find chewed giini. Moreover, for all the airs old Plutus gave himself, he went to the little temple on the Sabine hill, while the Pyramus hoxisehold attended the large tomple on the Capitoline, where the Pontifex Maxi- mus himself preached, and she thought the Plutuses decidedly par -c«i(. Besides, Plutus ' s slaves used to throw the furnace ashes out into the alley on Mondays, when the Pyramus clothes were drying; and young Plutus ' s dog had once stolen a roast from the Pyramuses. However, Pyramus, Jr., didn ' t care a damaged denarius about his mother ' s opinion, and he went to ask old Plutus for Thisbe ' s hand. Old Plutus was in a bad humor that day. The landlord had refused to repaper the atrium of his house, the furnace had been smoking all day, the peacocks ' tongues had been underdone — sy.s — at dinner, and lie had just been viewing the results of fresh depredations of Pyra- mus, Sr. ' s, poultry on his melon patch. " What! by Herculesl " he roared, in answerto young Plutus ' stimid question. " Marry my daughter? Anybody who wears a toga with a check like that, and whose father makes himself a nui- sance with a lot of mongrel chick- ens! And my gieat-great-grand- father a curule aedile ! By the lyre of Apollo ! Mrs. Plutus, where, in the name of the nine gods, is my cane? Marry my daughter ? Mrs. Plutus, I say! " Pyramus went away through the window, with the print of a sandal on the rear of histoga.and fled down town, hear- ing the voice of old Plutus rumbling behind him, like the mutterings of Vesuvius. " Mrs. Plutus, " went on the advocate, you have a slave go to the seminary with Thisbe tomorrow, and if that young whippersnapper tries to see her home, I ' ll— " And young Plutus, who was just coming in to ask pater familias for two hundred sestertii, thought better of it, and went and whittled a stick in the courtyard. That night Pyramus telegraphed to Thisbe that nothing was left but to skip over the line into Hudsonium, Gaul, where they could be married without the for- mality of a license: and they e.Kpressed mutual and undying afiisction through [the medium of] the partition, till young P lutus came in, bringing with him a fragrance of cloves and lemon-peel. It was the Ides of Quintilis. All Rome was out in its best tunic and toga to celebrate the an- niversary of the battle of Lake Regillus. Juvenile Rome had amused itself overnight by playtully moving horse-blocks into the path laid out for the procession of knights, and now found recreation in throwing squibs under the teet of the quaestors. There was a matine at the Circus Maximus. Aulus Claudius, a young swords- man from Greece, was to engage three promising graduates of the Roman school. Thither wended their way Plutus, Sr., with sandals that shone like the noonday, ' and Mrs. Plutus, viith a new mantle in complexion like a damaged rainbow. Pyramus went forth from the paternal mansion with a light heart. In his hand was a new cane, in the pocket of his tiniic two return tickets to Hudsonium. Blithely he strolled toward the tomb of a gentleman, called by the ribald populace Old Ninny, where lie had promised to meet Thisbe. Literary « H si. ,. .- 1. " ■• — 399- Literary He rushed forward, waving his tickets, and landed with a hop, skip and jump in the clearing round the tomb. Thislie wasn ' t there, but Marcus Gate ' s pet bull- dog was. He saw Pyranius and Pyranuis saw him. He went for Fvrannis-— Pyranius went for the oljelisk erected to the memory of Old Ninny, lie duj; his hands and feet into the inscriptions, and sat down on the top minus a skirt or two of his toga. Looking roun l the clearing, he saw an object lying on the grass which he recognized as Thisbe ' s veil. .Ml was clear to him then. Thisbe had reached the ren lezvous, and been devoured l3ythe ravenous brute. The world seemed to turn dark before him. With- out Thisbe what was life but a vale of tears ? Then he lost his balance and fell off the obelisk. Gate ' s bull-dog settled the question of life with- out Thisbe. Thisbe kill herself ? Not on your John Good- nows. She married Jason, and thej ' have seven children. Pyranius, Sr., got 125,000 sestertii damages from Cato, and bought himself the Sabine hill. in seciu ' itv. (.. I).. house on His old home is still unrcntcd, and Plutus ' s cabbages flourish Qopher=Ariel Banquet. The Gopher gave the Ariel A bancpiet — something new- It was to bid the Board farewell, But ladies — oh, how few! A Phi Kap Bruckart, laggard churl. Did " Robb " the Ariel Board. A " Minor " had a " Mary " girl, But Savage had no " Ward. " A business man a " Baker " found, (Has ke])t her since then, too, ) And Harriet said not a sound To tell our virtues through. But Horton ' s jokes soon cracked the ice. And Lulie kept us straight. The_v say that Laurie S|)oke just twice. We staid till pretty late. -400- The Profs. OPHER EDITOR: Prof. Gale, what Oreek letter societies are you a nieinber of? I ' Roi ' . Oai.i;: Psi V., which 1 sincerely regret ami cij oloi i .c tor. Kraulein Schoen, translating the idiom, " Da liegt dcr Hase in Pt ' efler, " remarks that a good literal translation would he, " There lies the hare in the soup. " Miss Sanford: 1 went where they were and found they weren ' t there. Prof. Suhth : There is two reasons tor this. One of them are . Dean Hai.i, (leading chapel) : Thy will l)e done in Heaven as in earth. Dr. Folwell (as Miss D-k-ns-n comes into the class late) : What is your ntmiber ? Miss D.: Sixteen. Dk. Folwell (gently): " Sweet sixteen. " Pkok. McClumpha: Constable was tlie step-son of the poet Gascoigne, and from him inherited his genius in poetry. Dr. Folwell: Some people den} ' the existence of a personal devil. I have met persons who made me believe that there is one. Dean Hai.l: If you find that your (piartz does not scratch the mineral try it on yonr apatite. Prof. McCh ' mpha: In those days a man might write an article one day and have his head cut oft on the next, and vice versa. Dr. Frankforter (meeting Prof Leavenworth ) : Sa3 ' Professor, don ' t you want to come over sometime and see the spectra of those new elements, Argon and Helium, which we have jtist received from Germany ? Prof. Leavenworth: Well, ye— es. Save me a piece of each about the size of a cannon ball. A suppressed smile adorns the corners of Frankforter ' s month as he passes on leaving the great astronomer in the midst of his glory. Literary After the Miulisnn nuic. Literary Cause and Effect. ' Twas in the eigliteen hiindreth 3 ' ear, September, ninety-lour, And Freshmen meek a meeting held Behind a closed door. My heart grows faint, my lips turn pale, Fain would I tell no more, — Yet with a wail I ' ll tell this tale, Its lesson to explore. Some naughty Sophs who once had read Of mighty deeds of yore, Now thought to win great glory ' s crown By spilling Freshman gore. So up the} ' went on mischief bent. And burst straight through the door ; Then crowding in with deafening din, Around the room they tore. But when they saw the chairman bold, The long-haired Sophomore, — " ' Tis, 0! ' tis Willis, " was the cry They raised with mirthfiil roar. The Freshies bawled and loudly called " Elp, elp, " and yelped them sore; In a short while came one with guile, A soldier ' s mien he wore. There was a hush — then with a rush, Right down on him they bore; Ob, what a fight ! oh, what a sight ! When gallants hit the floor. Then rose the moans from broken bones — The tumult now was o ' er — Each felt his heart, each felt his smart. And wished he were no more. I need not tell — you know full well — The jienalty so sore ; How, strange to say — the Freshmen — they The naughty helped restore. This soft refrain which gives such pain. Doth beg, beseech, implore Thee, ne ' er again become insane, () wise fool Sophomore. — G. C. D. Gopher Dictionary. Ai) (Great American LaiiL;uage .4 ) A gaiiiebird, rornicrly very abundant on Nicollet avenue, Ijut now almost extiiKt, liavinj; been mucli luintcd l)y University sportsmen. " I have been hunting ' ads. " — Parker. Barb (Great University LangnaRC bnrh) Antithesis of Greeks; the uncertain majority; a backwai ' d projecting jjoint. The SUi-U-Mah Ijarber shop is not where they originate but where they have capillary superfluity removed. " I am a barb and a Shakopean. " — Fcrner. BLOOMiiKS ( The Coming Woman ISUioniers) Feminine of trousers. " Mary had a little calf, That ' s why she didn ' t wear bloomers. " — T je Cay Old Boy. CoE (See Politician) Con (Great University Language Con) 1. One of Tom Lowry ' s liveried footmen. 2. An unknown quantity in Polycon. 3. A non-conductor but very electrical in effect. " You are hereby notified that you failed to pass. Your record is a con. " — o in.son. Dad (Freshmen Daddie) Trainer, bruise eradicator, muscle maker. " Scratch my back Dad. " — Finlayson. Drill (Arabic dry, Hebrew ) A bore; an instrument of torture; Augurs ill for Freshmen. " Drill me not in mournful numbers. " — Loiiglellow. Election (Lat. e, out of; lectio, choice) Many are nominated but few are chosen. " D elections anyway. " — Bauni. Frat (Lat. fi-ater) The opposition in " U " politics. " When frat meets barb then comes the tug of war. " —Smallidge. Gopher ( Eng. Go indicates push, Her shows that the feminine element is promi- nent) A collection of all the literary ability of the U. of M. " Kah, rah, rah; ski-u-mah; Gopher, Gopher, Minnesota. " Joke (Derived from nothing) The staple of the Gopher ' s diet. Joke, joke, joke; and the Gopher waxeth fat. " — Tentisyson. Locker (Derivation unknown) .A storehouse for unconsidered trifles. It is not always a safe hiding place. " The opportunity i lost from my locker down in the hall. " — e en Baker. Ladies ' Parlor (0. E. Ladyes, Fr. parlcr) The undiscuvcrcd bourne from which no man returns. " There was silence in the ladies ' jjarlor for the sjiace of half an hour. " — .I 70;;. Nit (Great American Language knit) Rapidly taking the place of not among the literary classes. Politician (See Coe) Registrar (Lat. rex) .A Bird of prey which causes great annoyance to under- graduates, especially freshmen. Sport (Derived from Spicer) What several try to make of themselves. " A real howling dead game sport, you know. " — Dewart. Literary Literary ji j Minnehaha. ■:- Minnehaha, Minnehaha, Rolhng down in silvery sprav. In the Ijrifiht and shining sunhght Of tlic sunny, summer dav ; With tlie gaudy rainbow dancing With the gentle sunbeam prancing; Laughing, roaring in thy play. Splashing high the dripping spray. Laughing water, Minnehaha, Sacred, as the poets sav, To the name of Hiawatha, To the noble ( )jibwav : — ' Neath thy sandstone ledge he sought her — Sought the ■arrow-mal er ' s daughter; ' Bore her ft-om the laughing spray, Bore her gladly on his way. By the falls of Minnehaha, On that bright and happv day, To the maiden fast departing Did Opeechee, whistling, sav. " Pretty child of the Dacotah, Leaving home in Minnesotah, May thy life be one sweet day In the lodge of Ojibway. " Near the falls of Minnehaha Crouched the timid fallow deer; To the falls of Minnehaha Came the hunted moose in fear. Finding safe and peaceful narbor ' Neath the pine tree ' s shady arbor; Close beside the dewy way, Where the waters leap and play. For these peaceful scenes I love thee. Sweetly smihng Minnehaha, For the birds around, above thee And thy noisy, rushing waters ; For the happy songster ' s singing. Setting all the woodlands ringing. While the rumbling rocks are lending Sounds of deep, harmonious blending. Not for me Niagara ' s roaring With its torrents, plunging, pouring. Sending forth a mighty rumble As it takes each dizzy tumble; But — Oh ! give me Minnehaha, Laughing water, Minnehaha, In the land of Minnesotah, Where once roamed the great Dacotah, -Geo. C. DiiNL. p. Cupid ' s Darts in 1896. It was late in the afternoon. Only two remained in tlie laljoratory where the class had been experimenting in the Roentgen method ot " photography. " Do 3-ou know, " said Jack, looking over at Briinhilda, regardless of the ap])a- ratus he was arranging, " do 3 ' on know why lea]) year is like the coming woman? " Briinhilda ]jansed in her work to look at Jack, ajiparently a perfectly satis- factory arrangement to both, and re])lied that she did not. " Because it has come, of course, " said Jack. " As if it were not enough to have this new woman with all her rights, bifurcated and otherwise, to endure, but leap year nivist come and take away from men the one privilege distinctively mas- culine. Really, I call it downright cruel. " " Rather a fulfillment of prophesy, it seems to me, " said the maiden. " You remember, ' to him that hath it shall be given, and from him that hath not shall be taken even that which he hath ; ' your implied poor opinion of the new woman dares me to do what my sober judgments wouldn ' t advise, so I consider you responsible for an3 ' consequences — " " For instance — " said Jack. " For instance, " said Brunhilda, with a little authoritative nod of her head ; " take your place over there instead of that pocketbook we have been taking, and I will show you. " " Who has been taking the pocketbook ; it seems to be here all right? " returned he, nevertheless taking the place indicated. To which whimsical remark she deigned no reply, but pi ' oceeded to direct the cathode rays with which she had been experimenting toward his breast pocket. When she had them properly focused she snapped her camera and disappeared into the dark room. He, greatly in the dark himself, continued so for one whole dav. It was the longest day he had ever known, but at its close Brunhilda handed him the negative she had taken the day before. He held it to the light and saw a picture of that organ coramonh- called a heart, and deep in its innermost consciousness read the name " Brunhilda. " When he looked up doubtfully at her he met a jjair of laughing eyes looking at him. " What are you going to do about it ? " said he. " I propose we make the negative positive, " said she. " You propose, " said Jack. " I should say you do ; propose to expose, I should call it. " " Jack! " said Brunhilda. Even Roentgen ' s discoveries can not change the natural course of events. I never did believe in an end to a love story ; did vou ? — E. N. Sarcasm. I wrote my early love: " Dear friend, it is to be confessed My old regard for you is still too great to be expressed. " At which she answered: " Never mind, if really ' tis so great, Pray do it uj) rpiite tenderly and send it on bv freight. " — A. W. U. Literary Literary The Power Behind the Throne. , _ ,, HE Frcskknt bends o ' tr his writing desk " ? ; ' B iW ' And slaves from early till late, While across the hall in his easy chair, The janitor sits in state. Prexy is mild and genial, too, And a jovial man to boot; The janitor ' s haughty and gloomy and grim. And awfully hard to suit. Freshmen cringe before his glance. Sophomores quake at his frown, Before him quails the Senior proud In his glory of cap and gown. The Registrar and Faculty, too, Tremble beneath his gaze. His lightest word is law to all — He ' s monarch of all he surveys. Prexy we all with one accord. As oin- sovereign monarch own. But Guild so stern, with his moustache fierce Is " the power behind the throne. " A Battle Royal. special Telc rnni to the Cipher: Prior Lake was in holiday attire today in honor of the great baseball game, between the Flour de Lis club of the Uni- versity of Minn., and the Grain wood Tigers of Prior Lake. A small boy was hired to run the ferrj- in order to accommodate the great number of farmers who came in from all parts. At 2-4-3, the Prior Lake team came on the field attired in red, and looking " too sweet to live. " Manager Perkins led the way with a confident air. At 2-52, the Fleur de Lis aggregation appeared escorted by ManagerC. Anthony Reed, who wore a light and dark blue suit and carried flowers. The opposing nines here took three and a half minutes to criticise each other and to smile at the dear boys who crowded about. The two captains wcreseparated and it was decided to use regular bats in- stead of boat oars. Mr. Uoby, a most courageous youth, took his life in his hands and agreed to umpire. At 3-01, the game began with the Tigers at bat. and the Fleur de Lis grace- fully posing in the field. The first ball pitched hit the umpire in the eye; he was compelled to retire a moment to have it sewed up, but soon re- turned and did most satisfactory work by keeping both eyes shut. Not one of the Grainwood Tigers saw first base The side was retired in one, two, three, order. The Fleur de Lis came to bat, and Curley slammed out a two bagger, but %hen she ran in the direction of first she was unable to find it. It was seen that Chas. had neglected to provide bases, so time was called to let Perk, and C. A. go out and chop down three trees for bases. They were placed ten feet apart and the game went on, with Curley hugging sec- ond. She came home on four strikes and a passed ball. The side is retired. Score, 1 to O. In the third inning the Tigers took a brace and made six runs. The fielding of the " Push " was very ragged. In the second half of the third the Fleur deLisdidsuperiorstick work, and brought their score up to 9. The fourth inning opened with the Grainwoods at bat. and by winking at the umpire they made three runs. The out field of the Fleur de Lis acted just horrid. They were each trying to cut the other out on Anthony and when a ball went out to them, they would nt»t leave to go and get it. The Captain fined them ten dollars apiece and C. A. paid the freight. The game was interrupted for three minutes to give catcher Maggie a chance to recover from the eflects of a bad bruise; the result of coming in contact with an in-shoot. It was not bandaged up as the color proved to he a most beautiful light and dark blue. I ' mpire Doby ' s bird cage was also shattered by the same ball and he was compelled to seek shelter on the roof of a near freight car. The Tigers came to bat and made two lengths toward St. Paul. The balls were never found. The " Push " came to bat with the score standing 11 to 9 against them. The first batslady was given a base, the next two struck out. The farmers, their wives and boysheld their horses and their breaths, the crisis was at hand. Rose held the bat, she could not fail. The ball was deliv- ered, she struck the air. " Strike two " the umpire telephoned from the car. Alas! Could it be that it was a strike out? Perk smiled. " Our Charlie " looked sad. The Tigers shouted. The pitcher rubbed her fair hands in the dirty dirt. The ball sped on towards the batter. A mighty crash! The ball is sailing yet. Three runs came in. The day was saved. Score 11 to 12 and two out. Friends cheered. Foes fainted. The game stopped. The five innings were, over and the ball was lost. The Tigers, the invincibles, had met that hated monster— cruel defeat— and were his. A reception and dance was held at the hotel in the evening. Light and dark blue things were said. Fleur de Lis ice was served. Also doughnuts, pie and sandwiches, in the form of the emblem. Arrangements have been made to change the roof of the hotel to the same form. The trees are to be decorated in light and dark blue leaves, and the color of the lake is to be altered. The positions of the victors weie: Literary dt Catcher, Miss C-st-e Pitcher, Miss Hwl-v 1 Base. Miss Mo-re 2 Base, Miss Bd-n 3 Base, Miss N-b-s-g S. S Miss P-r-y R. F Miss Sc-t-n C. F Miss C-s-T L. F . Miss McD-n-d 1 OTiCl ' y ( f ) Yo-l olYo-Koi Our-skq.t«s-|iash-hri Kt-in-lK«-wKit«-moonU 3Kl- Yo-Ko!Yo-hoi w«skiTn-1:K« sKor« by ' t:K«-4 rk-pi,a«lr««. n;swh,i5p«rs ir«-l,os ' t;-[a-onr-shout:so|- 3U«. Aa :itK«woo iwtz circus- K«cir-ourlau 3ht« ' " ' qa4fi« . An4-s«a4t Ack-th.e-«cKo ?s-| ' rom ver- " th i-l« l- ■ Yo-Koi Yo-Ko! W«-wqk«a-lKe-4o s-on- tistantjci.rms, Who-qasw«r-ounslioulwilh-lou4-akrTns. A-starll ?. l ' St ir-throu ]K-i:Ke-K«Avca{aUs • An4 ' bri 5hhns-th ?.Mue ' of-tKe-iny5tic-wciUs A hicK- ecKo-ci ' gain,our-$onc3-a.s-we- jo. Yoh iYoKoi Thi i-mooasiaks-tc ' -r«sl-just-overlKeKlll: Tlv-shci4«sia ' lK«-KoHows-lie-l kck-Ar t-cKill. Butsilll-w«-qh4«-or -lh«- urrLa ]-st««l While lhe ' ' 5ky-resoua4s-wifK-tll«- ' m,«ri7-p« ll. Yo-hol Yo-ho! -H. A. W. Lumbricus Terrestris. KNOW liim well. I used to go Fishing with him, " he said, ' ' Bdt he has taken to alcohol. And now I cut him dead. " An Outing Story. The moon was ont. A STt ' DENT was out. He was out of his head. A policeman was out. Student was out $10 next day. A Worm. There ai ' e three main divisions ot the worm famih-, — angle worms, other worms, and book worms. The first is doomed to squirm eternally on the hook of the heartless fisherman. The second division meets with daily disaster when the " ' early bird " presents his bill. Only the lean, withered book worm is left to satisfy the new born Gopher ' s ravenous appetite. The book worm is a species of the homo worm, but differs from other species in being almost all worm, with only a tinge of homo. Its most marked peculiarity is its incapacity to feed on anything but books. Whenever it comes upon a book it attaches itself tightlv to the covers and begins to devour the contents. If undis- turbed the process continues until the last vestige of the book is consumed. Then the worm flounders about helplessly until he finds another book, when the pro- cess of consumption is repeated. The book worm doesn ' t seem to appreciate the existence of any world outside the lids of the book. Step on one of the creatures and it may wriggle slightly, but it suffers no pain. The movement is purely refle.x. A second flood or the crack of doom could not disturb the .serenity of the book worm, unless it could reach him through the medium of a book. Probably it would not even then, for it is a curious fact that the book worm ' s diet has no appreciable effect on the worm. He doesn ' t grow any larger or any stronger. These worms are found wherever their proper food can be obtained. They are often seen crawling about the floors of libraries and college halls, where they sta- tion themselves in the chairs which might otherwise be occupied by students. They have even been known — in distant colleges — to appropriate the chair of a professor. Until recently it was believed that the book worm emitted a pale light, and accordingly he was classified among the glow worms; but more careful investigation has shown that the faint glow is only a reflection from the book on which the worm is feeding. Such is the book worm. He yields obedience to no laws of change, no Dar- winian theories of evolution, but feeds on, unchanged, " yesterday, today and forever. " — L. B. Alstin, ' 06. Literary Literary A Legend of ye Forum. T A MEETING ol the Forum, when thev coiihln ' t jret a Literary -je quorum, S ' ' W ♦■m Mt How the President rlid sc. tam , M " " ' i,, _ ... . ore ' em tor their lack of proper WRiii A, . P ' K And he said, by way ol greetiiisj, " li tlie Ijo.ys won ' tcome Ij ' j-C ' to meeting, Every one deserves a l)eating " (so at least it seemed to him ) . Then up spoUe Mr. Newkirk, " li ' all the members do shirk. And we find tliat very few work, and tlie fellows won ' t enthuse; If the matter can ' t be mended (as our president contended). Let ns call the Forum ended. What ' s the use of paying dues ? " Slowly then rose Mr. Willius, his faUier ' s hopeful filius. And he looked a trifle bilious, as he stroked his new moustache. He announced, in tones Teutonic, with an accent quite euphonic, " Boys, we mustn ' t let the Forum go to smash. " Next to speak was Mr. Jewett, gently pleading, " Boys don ' t do it; For its foolish — you will rue it long belore the day is done. Our Society ' s salvation lies in reorganization — After such an operation, we may yet have lots of fim. " Then up sprang Mr. Miner — .Ah, he is a shrewd designer, — And he never said a finer thing than what he now proposed : " Ask the girls to join the Forum ; coax, entreat, beseech, implore ' em ! Tell them how we all adore ' em. " With a cheer the meeting closed. — Y. R. A College Failure. Yes, the iellows have done well. Jim Snyder, who never cared whether he suc- ceeded or not, is an M. D., — a specialist in diseases of the brain. Toppett is a bishop. We used to call him " Tall Tom ; " and truly it seemed to me that he had solved the problem: " Who then by taking thought can add one cubit unto his stature? " Brown stands a good show of going to congress this fall. It is queer, some of the fellows could choose their professions b} ' tossing pennies; it would matter little whether it were " heads " or " tails. " I was a failure in college. I have continued the process as an almnnus. When I speak of my college failure, I do not mean that I had no dreams, no visions, no great ambitions. Ah no! But I was not a success. That is all. I had decided upon the scientific course. Matters went smoothly until the professor of mathematics heard me try to recite once. Whether he was taken with me at this our first meeting, judge for yourself. He said, " young man, the logarithm expressing your cerebral capacity at its jiresent status of devclo])ment, would be exceedingly difficult to differentiate. " And he smiled; but — well, there are smiles and smiles. I often pictm-e it all to myself; the eightv strange faces, the empty space at the lioard whei ' e a problem should liavc been, tlie little red book. Literary the sliar|) iieiicil, the jj oose-efjfj. 1 took the literary course. No petition to the laculty was consiilered necessary. I covild never write orations; I was useless in debate; it took nie three hours to translate ten lines of Horace; I could never distinj2:uish between a major and a minor premise. In view of all this I entered the field of athletics. I had muscle if not brain. But to be a star football man, a fellow must have something besides muscle. I do not know why I could not be an athlete. There is, however, just a lingering notion that it was because of my hair. 1 did my best to coax a growth; but alas, though the top of an old trunk is filled with emjity bottles marked " Ayer ' s Hair Vigor; " and though my pocket book was emptied of many an " eighty-five " cents for the above commodity, it was useless. Thus, having tried positions as tackles, ends, and half-backs, I resigned, and the resignation was accepted. All this has lost its sting. At times I laugh over my disgraceful failures. But, though a fellow ' s pulse may throb more slowly at thirty than at twenty, there will remain a few things which cannot grow ridiculous in Time ' s perspective; a tiew words, a few emotions, now a glance of the eye, now a touch of the hanil — which one treasures as precious and mentions but seldom. Thus it is that no life is com- monplace; it is so that at day-lireak and night-fall, there is often the bit of heartache. There is a girl that I tliink of thus: I always loved her. During our Senior year I asked her to go to an opera. She had an engagement, I went alone. Some- how, as 1 sat that night in seat " No. 58, down stairs, to the left, " I decided to tell her something the next time she had no engagement. The curtain dropped. There was the rattle of upturned seats, the well-bred hurry of exit. I followed the crowd blindly. I glanced up the stairway and there she was! Beside her, arrang- ing her cloak over her shoulders — was Toppett. How magnificent he was and how miserably small I felt myself to be as I passed out into the street. And yet, I sup- pose there were other fellows walking up the chilly avenue that night alone. . t last, I graduated, and decided to study law. I shall not dwell upon my painful efforts to become a pleader. Suffice it to say that after two years of law study, the dean said one day, " Thomson, it ' s no use, I think you would better teach. " My first was a night school. This then was the outcome of my University course. And yet, how small a thing decides a man ' s life work. It was one night three years ago. I had put out the last light and was ready to go home. In the shadow of the room I could make out a childish form. He stood opposite the window. Against the wall, the moonlight made a quivering silhouette of hi.s thin wan face. That dwarfed, stooped body will always be to mea reminderthat many have failed. The tiny face, the wonderful eyes, the curls which might never have been brushed, — ins])ire l me with a purpose. How little my college failure meant to me in that moment as I stood with theboy ' shandinmine while he talked in his slow earnest way of how I had helped them. " Some o ' us tellers need a deal o ' help — a deal o ' help " he said, " and you understand. " A great love fell over the boy and me. It flooded the shadowy room and made living beautiftd. The compensation had come. Faith was born in my sotil. Tomorrow, I shall meet a conmiittee of the factory hands to talk over the work for the winter. Most of them are foreigners and citizens. Few know the meaning of patriotism. All are ignorant. Vou may think it a small thing; but to me it is great, just in proportion as the problem ol citizenship is worthy of thonght and effort. And so, I shall meet the committee at noon, tomorrow. Something else will happen then too— a wedding at St. Pauls at high noon. I don ' t know wliy it lias been delayed so long unless it may be that he (Toppett) has been study- ing for the church and she has been abroad. The wedding is to be a societyevent. Though invited, I shall not go because of my engagement with that committee. But I should like to go, just to see her— it would be the first time in years. I saw a picture of her the other day at Minto ' s. The eyes and lips were a trifle sad, or did I imagine it? How strange that we should each be wedded to a life ' s devotion, tomorrow at high noon. Is it with all our life ' s power of loving? Ah! who knows? who knows? —Helen J. Baker. Literary The Oracle Buck. Say — ever heard of that class of ' 9T? No? Oh. go on! Well, then. ye ' ve missed it, pards, that ' s wot ye have; but I can ' t say that ye ' ve missed an awful heap. Why, they ' re just the greatest set of Jays that ever struck the campus. We don ' t want no more like them on earth, you bet! Wat ' ve they done? Why, that ' s Just it. First, they don ' t seem to ' ve done nothiu ' . When they came here they let on that they was grindin ' away at their hooks all the time, and that ' s why they didn ' t have time fer dancin ' ' nd feeds ' nd sech monkej ' shines. Jinks, but they was as tame as oysters. Say, fer puttin ' up a hig bluff they was right onto their job. Some of ' era studied so hard fer a quiz fer Miss Sanford, they said, thet they was all busted up, ' nd that ' s the reason, they said, thet they got swiped in the cane rush. Could they scrap? They didn ' t do a thing when they was .Sophies, ceptin ' get into a regular wild-cat scrap. Jest fer honors on that (Iopher Board. They was in it fer blood, and they made the hair fly. My, you didn ' t hear much sweet sentiment and all that kind of a thing in them days. The ' was goin ' to tight to a finish if Prexy hadn ' t said they ' d better stop fightiu ' on general principles. When they was ready to quit they tit a lot more, and then they all got out o ' wind and quit — thet ' s wot they done. ' Sli, here comes one of ' em — won ' t say no more, he ' nd 1 bein ' good friends. Mv, thev ' re great ones. Literary The Serenade. 1 1 J.. f Venice, the bride of the sea, sweet bride of the old Adriatic, Lies like a dreaming naiad, pillowed on watery cushions. Light garments of mist-woven texture, en- Yrap her in splendid apparel, Garments of opal and pearl, nioon-wovcn of opal and pearl ' ; Light winds from Illyrian mountains kiss her soft cheek as she sleeps. And murmur asluniber-songsoftly. She hears them and smiles in her dream. [lets are murmuring The sea, too. is sleeping in silence, save where the wave- To the shore as they rush to caress it. then fall in the sands and are silent. [the Night, Aloft in a far sea of azure, rides a shallop, the Queen of While beneath rides a phantom ship also; in tlie depths of the sea it is mirrored. [scene for its dream. Soft o ' er my senses comes stealing, a drowse with this As though in themist and themoonlight, were dissolved some strange spell to bewitch me. [enwrapped city, Of a sudden and softlj ' Stealing. up from theslecp- Light as the whispering night wind, comes the sigh of the lover ' s guitar ; THilcimer sweet does it sound, mellifluous and clear as a chime; Then ont rings the song of the lover, mellow and soft in thedistance. Confessing the passion that burns in his brjeast for the love of his TATHLY, Sedately, The maiden trips llie way. Slowly And lowly The youth the peel doth lay. -:■:- w Wondering . nd pondering Why didn ' t the maiden sit. The reason In .season : The peeling she hit " nit. " Literary -s. s. s. Toot Your Horn Anyway. II yon strike a thorn or rose, Keep a-goin ' ! It it hails or it it snows, Keep a-goin ' ! ' Taint no use to set and whine Wlien the tish ain ' t on your line; Bait your hook and keep on try in ' — Keep a-goin ' I When tlie weather kills yonr erop. Keep a-goin ' ! When you tumble from the top. Keep a-goin ' 1 ' Spose you ' re out o ' every dime, Oettin ' broke ain ' t any erinie ; Tell the world 3-ou ' re leelin ' prime! Keep a-goin ' ! When it looks like all is up, Keep a-goin ' ! Drain the sweetness trom the cup. Keep a-goin ' ! Seethe wild birds on the wing; Hear the bells that sweetly ring ; W " hen you feel like singin ' — sing; Keep a-goin ' ! — Wm. S. M. nn. Crash ! Crash ! Crash ! ! Whence comes this mighty roar ? ' Tis a maiden softly stealing Across the Liljrarv floor. -W., ' 97 Literary ._! ' The lamp burns low, With a flickering glow As I try to study tonight, And someljoljy seems In my waking dreams To stand in the fading " light. On the page I read Not historic deed, But a something somebody said ; And flitting between Each date I ' ve seen Is the pose of somebody ' s head. In all the knowledge I ' ve gained at college There ' s nothing so plain I ween. As the fact that a " con " Always follows npon Sitting beside a queen. —Jessie Lightner Schulten. The Night that Helba Sang. EAVEN opened wide its jjolden gates And ponred its rieliness in our ears— The rieliness of an anjjel voiee That rings amonf;- the higher spheres; And eVery S])irit upward sprang To greet the songs that Melba sang. The throbbing heart of vernal song Shook the dull air to wondrous sound And woke the willing hearts of men That long had lain in slumber bound, Till every chord responsive rang That hajjpv night when Melba sang. —A. W. U. Literary Side-talks With Boys. [ jj this column 1 promiAC tn itnswcr cliccrt ' tiHy ' uiy ijuestions asked by hoy rcirlers. As I have stated repeaterlly, stamps must he eneloseil Ihra personal reply. — Ash Ruthniorc. ' ] Society. — Must I say again that I do not apjjrove of a young man oft ' ering his arm to a girl going home at the end of the 4th hour. In itself it is harmless; l)ut it sets a bad example. R. R. H-ii-y. — Collars will be half an inch higher this summer. C. C. B-iim, Litchfield, Minn. — Pond ' s E.xtract will relieve the swelling; your case is serious and we recommend large quantities with frequent applications. It is essential that you keep out of politics, and don ' t go near the water. L-s Fr-k-I. — We would advise the use of Downais ' Creme pour la Moustache (for sale by Gilmore — 2oc per qt.) Floyd Carl-on. — (a) Send your story with stamjjs to the Police Gazette or the Youth ' s Companion, (b.) I positively disapprove of young men sitting in the Li- brary with girlswhen they (both the young men and the girls) should be studying. Dr. Klaeher. — (a.) Thank you for your kind words of ajipreciation of the Side- talks, (b. ) Try to decide at once which of the five girls you love. Dewart. — Good players do not count straights. Decks with elevens and twelves may be obtained at the University Book Store. Prof. Mattison, P. D., has written an excellent treatise on " When to Draw a Bob-tailed Flush. " Merrit Ring. — (a ) .An excellent little book, " How. to Appear Hy]inotized When You Are Not, " is just out. ( b.) A board placed inside the vest wuidd lul|) you maintain " perfect rigidity. " Spic-r. — A hot iron applied to the top of the head would give that Hat effect. George Hort-n. — No ; I don ' t think a young man should neglect his studies for the prayer meeting. St-vUp-d-ke. — (a.) Topreserve an upright position during an evening perform- ance at which you are presiding, swallow the poker before going. (b.| If the hair must be bleached, try peroxide of hydrogen. Mr. Von Sc-l-g-l. — .An orange-colored tie would go well with your tan shoes for the funeral. Literary Freshening Gales. like to associate with such fellows as H When a baby smiles it ' s not because i it ' s glad it hasn ' t got the stomach-ache. Now, speaking about reason, here couldn ' t get their paws into a jelly bottle contents out. Well, now, the question with a good many generations of bottles, rats were acquainted with bottles. .4 Psycholo isCs Views of Life. M any of you tell of anything you once knew and then forgot entirely ? Think of the slice of time and money used up by ;i modern society funeral. You ' d better be in Inferno than not wear big sleeves. There ' s these foolish China tea- services that do no earthly good, are hideous to look at, and ohly tempt the kids to smash them. Speaking of characters, I shouldn ' t amlet. Othello, etc. t loves its mother so much, lint because s an interesting ' - aniple: Some rats , so they dipped their tails in and got the is whether those rats were acquainted or whether a good many generations of riors Poetica. " While yet a child, and all unknown to fame, J lisped in numbers, for the numbers came. " — Pope. Augustus Phillipotts Mintjulips was a very pi-omising youth. His only fault was that he thought he could write poetry. When he entered the Rhetorical de- partment of the University the first piece of work which Maria assigned was ;in essay on " How to Spend Vacation. " I ' ossiljly Mintjulips felt homesick or ])cr- haps he had eaten too many fish balls for supper. At any I ' ate he felt poetic. He snirt ' ed tlie odor of vernal meadows bestrewn with yellow cowslips. He rolled up his sleeves and proceeded to spread his feelings U]5on paper as follows: Vacation. " How, in an enjoyaljle manner, shall we om- coming summer vacation profit- ably sjjend? " " Oft is heard as June draws nigh; In the city ' s sultry heat The mercury — way up ? " " Or midst the country ' s andjrosial plains. We coidd meander tlierc all the day, (lathering posies or sniffing the fragrance Of new moan straw, (or grass) " " Wlieeling down a smiling lane — Tramping, switche l and brushed by Ixiughs, Thro ' the woods with merry shout. While driving home the — pigs. " " Yes, coimtry life ' s the life for me. . single detriment one sees — The country would be out of sight — If it wasn ' t for the mosquitoes. " — 418 — This inspired Ijit of poesy was tenderly handed in the next day. For two long weeks Mintjniips waited in ha|)py expectation for the return oi ' his composition with a glowing tributeattached to it. He had never received less than ninety per cent, in the High School at Goslowtown, and he scFiously sus- pected the critic would fall in love with his power and beauty of expression, that is, if he were a fair-minded critic. One day his production was handed back to him. Not stopping to look at it, he clasijed it to his bosom and went oft " in a corner to enjov himself. He ])ullcd out the criticism and looked at one corner of it. His jaw dropped, his flesh began to creep, things writhed and danced before his eyes. What had he seen? Could it be possible? He pulled himself together and looked again. Yes, there it was forty per cent ! A frenzv came over him. He began fiercely to read the criticism. It ran as fol- lows: ' " This piece has many hidden beauties, as a consequence I have not been al)le to find them. It is not customary to divide prose up into stanzas, or to use inverted sentences. Your language is too flowery. Have you ever seen a lane smile ? The chief merit of your production is what is called economy of meaning, that is, you have said very little in a gi ' eat many words. " A sickly smile was seen to glide out ' of the basement door. . bowed form crept in the direction of the river bank. Poor Mintjulips looked at the dark, roll- ing tide before him and wished he were beneath it. He pulled out his watch; it was time for dinner, and he hurried sadly away. He never wrote poetry again. Literary Three -ears rolled by. Augustus Phillipotts Mintjulips had developed into a ripe and worthy Senior. He had won the esteem and admiration of both sexes. There was one young lady in particular who admired him, and toward her his heart was more than usually tender. The spring time came and with it all the softening influences peciiliar to that season. Mintjulips felt his heart waxing ])oetic within him. He tried to crush the feeling down, but it would rise. His bosom was a hot-bed of budding emo- tions. He thought of all the blighting circumstances of his first attempt in verse, but in vain. He must find some means to relieve the ebullition of his.soul. . t last help came. One day while reading the paper, he found a very touching little poem which exactly expressed his feelings. He was overcome with joy. " I ' ll copy it and send it to her! I can ' t make any mistakes then and she ' ll never know the difterence. " He laid the poem by, but a day or two later when he wished to send it, it could not be found. This however did not trouble Augustus, among his many mental gifts he had a phenomenal memory ( as you might judge from the length of his name.) He sat down, set his mind to work and in a few minutes had recovered the lyric treasure. . few hours later the young lady, with trembling fingers, ex- tracted from a scented envelope the following rythmical epistle: 1 hang upon the giite, .■ nd watch the fading West, And think of thee, love, while each bird Flies homeward to its -4-19 — Literary Tlie winkinp; stars come out, And sec nie here, rilone. How cold tliCY look! They seem to freeze My bleeding hc;irt to rock. Oh, thinkest thou, love, ol ' nie. As faithful lovers onght ? How sweet if our two niiiuls should dwell Upon the self-same idea! And now I sta}:jger home Beneath my saddening load. Would I could see thy willowy form A-coming up the drive-way. And when I go to rest, All night I lie awake; And when I think thou art not here, I fear my heart will burst. Your adoring Augustus. The young lady burst into tears, and tore up the amorous ditty. What did he mean by writing her such stuff? Dry- ing her pink and white cheeks, she sat down at the table and scribbled a note. This is what poor Augustus received. Mr. Augustus P. MiNXjunrs., Sir, excuse this hasty note. Yours was received to-day. I must confess I was surprised; And now I want to say, I ' ve always thought you were a man. E ' er since you came to school. I ' ve changed my mind, and now I see You are a glorious ! ?TI Drill. Present. ANNERS flutter, bugles sing, Silver echoes backward fling Murmurs of tbe martial air. Autumn winds ai-e frosty cold, But U. M. cadets are bold, Warm of blood and built to wear. Up on the steps of Pillsbur - Hall Girls are gathered, great and small ; Every one with look intent On our brave battalion bent. See, the conquering heroes come ! Thrill of flute and roll of drum, Blo ving bugle, crisp command, Measui ' ed music of the band, Minnesota ' s gallant corps. Round the campus see them climb. Warming up with double time. " Hip, hip— dress that four! Number one man in front rank. Turn your eyes to marching flank! " Future. Banners flutter, bugles sing, Ga ' ety and grandeur fling Haiuitiug murnuu ' s of des])air. Autumn winds are frosty cold. And our hearts are none too bold, None too warm to do and dare ! Up in the shade of Memory ' s Hall Crowd old amljitions, great and small; Every one with look intent On our life and actions bent. Shall w e vanquish or succumb When the Tempter rolls his drum With imperative command To surrender and disliaud ? Shall we storm the enemy ? He who gains the height must climl) — Set himself at double time. Push his purpose steadily. He who first woidd be in raiik Must keep his eye on the marching flank. Literary -A. W. U. Literary Two Faces. Here ' s to your health, sweet Marjory, mine, With the smooth laid locks and the dainty gown, I love yon there in yonr frame of gold, 1 like to feel that you ' re smiling down— n— While 1 make love to a Marjory new. With face as brown as your own is fair, Who challenges, taunts and laughsatme, A Marjory wild with wind-blown hair. But crimson sweater or gown of Ijlue Cover the same heart, fond anrl true. So here ' s to my lady who smiles up there; And here ' s to my love with the wind- blown hair. -F. L. C. Open Letters. The Evolution of Bob. I-KKSIIMAN. Dear Papa: — I think it is just fine down liere at the University. They treat me so nice. There is a professor specialh ' to see that the Sophomores don ' t hurt me. Some of the bo ' S come around and go with me to Sunday School and pay my car fare and everything. The teachers all think I ' m smart. Maria (that ' s Prof. Sanford) gave me three essays to write this term. They were: " A walk all alone in a great big city at twelve o ' clock, midnight; " " My rettjrn again for the first time to my native city where I was born; " and " Why I ought not to for- get things. " She said the last was especially good for me. I don ' t know why, un- less it ' s because I don ' t never bring her a bunch of violets like the other fellows do. Whenever they don ' t have any violets they skip, because it would hurt her feelings so not to get them. President Northrup (the fellows call him Prexy — I don ' t know why I told me to come in his office once and asked me if I had a nice room and whether I always went to chapel; and I said I did, because there is generally an Epico])alian bishop there who talks for a long time and we don ' t have to go to the next lesson. Mr. Wells, that teaches history, is great on spelling. He always writes every word on the blackboard; but he says that ' s too hard work and told us all to get spellers; so please send me mine tliat is in the second drawer of the washstand which is in the attic. 1 am going to work hard and make a name for myself. 1 want to be like Prexy or the Registrar. Some fellows here waste their time and fool around when they ought to be studying. But mj ' Prof, (he ' s Mr. Hutchison — some vulgarly call him " Hutchy " )says that they will be sorry for it some timeand wish they had studied hard and made P B K or valedictorian or something. He said that if I never went to theatres and did not S]iend too much time in Girlology I would lie all right. He said so and he ought to know. If you have it to spare, please send me .98 ($.,; ' i,1) for a pair of pants I saw on Washington Street, to n-ear on Sundays — and .10 ($.-il(i) for a note book. Re- nicmljer me to ma and sisters. Ever your loving son, Robert Smith, sophomore. Dear Father: — Please send me $15 for books. They cost like everything down here. Prof. Jones, my Physics teacher, advised me to go and see La Loie Fuller for the spectacular effects, as we are in Light now. He ' saj ' s such things help and educate the mind. And I go to all oTthem, because I want to learn all I can; and, besides, they are gi ' eat preparation for aesthetics. I sat in the front row because there weren ' t any other seats left. I inclose a rose that a friend of mine gave me for Sis. I haven ' t time to write any more now. I must begin my studying. I generally have to begin at 7.30, in order to get a good general view of the subject. Regaids to the folks. Yours truly, Bon. JUNIOR. Dear Pater: — jnst been elected to the honorary society of A. ' B . You have to be away up in marks to get in and of course it comes high. Please send me $25 by return mail. Yours, Robert S.mvthe. SENIOR. Dad: — Busted. — Bob. Literary — 4.23- Literary Salem, S. D., March 28, 1896. Editor of the Ariel— Deak Sir: — Could 3 ' ou make me a copy of " The Local Poet " in Volume 1st No. 7 of your paper? My copy is lost or mislaid and I desired to use it. If it will not be too much trouble I should like to have it sent so as to get here by the last of next week. To show that I have a brotherly right to criticise the local poet I send you a " poem " of my own ])roduction. Yours, Alvin Hildreth. A ' . B. — If I have not used the interjection O or Oh correctly change it. I have no book to which I may refer. My impression is that they are nearly interchange- able. " " " —A. H. MY DARLING. i Dedicated to Mi s Phothejnne Nye, now the wife of the writer.) Thou dearest one of all the earth To whom our race has given Ijirth. They say that I must give thee up, And drink of sorrow ' s bitter cup. Oh give thee up! What do they ask ? Why do they set so h.ard a task ? Know they that you do have my heart By Heaven ' s seal that cannot part? I give thee up ? Yes, with my life. VVlien death shall end all earthly strife. When death ' s damp dew is on my brow. I ' ll give thee up ; but ! not now. Give me some pledge, some last love token For a heart that ' s made liut to be broken. Whether in life we e ' er join hand. Love claims her own in yon lilcst land. Alvin Hildketii. 1563 Hennepin Avenue, Mar. 3, ' 96. Miss H — r, — rf — d: — If this ever reaches you, which I hope it will, please do not return it unread. It might interest you if I were to tell you how I found out your name and place of residence; but 1 will leave that for a future day. It may have surprised you (we) that I did not carry our little flirtation farther, or that I carried it as far as I did. If I did wa-ong please pardon the error. I ' ll do better ne. t time. Should you desire to carry the flirta- tion farther I will be overjoyed to meet you at any time and place yon may suggest. Pardon my not reminding yon who I am ; you may rcnienilier the street car ride Siindny noon? Hoping that j-ou will be so kind as to answer this note I remain Very respectfully yours, Harry H. Weston. — 424 — Literary Calhoun ' s blue ice stretched broad and smooth, And cold the breezes blew ; An ice boat with its great white sails O ' er the glistening surface tiew. A junior girl in gay attire, With Tani and cheeks of red ; A foot-ball magnate by her side, Together onward sped. But, " Oh, " a loud, resounding yell, " My hands they have begun To freeze. Oh, me, what shall I do ? Oh, something must be done. " " Some snow would help them, I am sure. " The snow but made them thaw. " Oh ! something must be done for them ! " The youth no outlet saw. And " Can ' t I rub them ? " bravely said ; " Well, yes, " she thought he might. " ' Tis sure to help, " he said, " I ' ve done The same in many a plight He rubbed them long with practiced hand, But still she asked for more And the ice Ijoat sped on in the dark From the disappearing shore. I Literary Advice. (Written to a young lady wearing a K E Pin.) I. In Heaven above, where all is love. Sits Gabriel on his throne ; But down below, where all is woe, Stands the devil among his own. Of the dift ' erence now ' twixt love and woe. To you I will plainly speak. Brother Gabriel alone is a good W T, But the devil, he ' s a Deke. Monday, I think, is your birthday — The best time in the world to begin. So choose: do you wish to be one of the saints. Or stick to your old Deke pin ? I ' d advise you, your Highness, to dig a deep hole, . nd then put the diamond in ; Then cover it up, so no one will know That you ever wore a Deke pin. v. For supposin ' , dear Princess, that you should die, And be found with that pin on your breast, Do you think Brother Gabriel would let you in To the home of the heavenly blest ? Yl. Not on your tintype, Princess — I can read your fate full well ; You ' ll be doomed to carry ice all day To your brothers, the Dekes, in h ! ! ! Memory Qems. If you ' re waking, call nie early, call me early, mother, dear. For tomorrow will be the merriest day of all the glad new year. The merriest and the maddest that in all the springtime is— For I ' m to have a quiz, mother, I ' m to have a quiz. — NiNEVSON. The curfew tolls the knell of the eighth hour. The lowing herd winds out of the librarie ; The whisperer homeward plods his weary way. And leaves my book to silence and to me! —Elegy in the U. Library. —426 — How They Shoot. RANKFORTER: Mr. Joliuson (F. E.), what is water of crystallization ' . Mr. Johnson: Ice. Dr Foi. vei,l remarks that very good soda water flows out of Mt. Chasta, whereupon Booth remarks, in awhisj er, " That would be a great place to hold an election. " Markhus (in Chemistry). Before using this water, pro- fessor, shall we dilute it? Prof.Kiehle: Mr. Geo. Hansen, what primary school did you visit yesterday? Hansen: I visited Hamline University. Miss Dolly: Id ubi dixit poreum saxo silice percussit. When he said this he struck the pig against a rock. Question ln Psychology Exam.: What direction was the wind from today and ho v do you remember? Answer of Student; It struck me in the southeast ear. Dean Wulling (lecturing to the Senior Pharmacists): What did I give you last time? Class; Beer. Gale; Mr. Carlson, what makes you think the sun will rise tomorrow morning? Carlson: Because I ' ve seen it rise every morning. Gale; Ah! Have you? Savage (translating Caedman ' s Hymn, " Nu sculan herigean, " etc): Now shall I praise the heavenly Ward. (He blushes and the class snickers.) Extract from notes of a Medic Freshman — Lecture on embryology: Develop- ing cartilage is surrounded by perichondrium; develo[)ing bone is surrounded by periosteum; develojjing college suiTOunded by Perry Millard. Mr. Helliwell; Give an example of irony as a figure of speech. Student; You are a fine-looking fellow. Prof. Sanford: How do you change the sentence, " The boys played foot- baU, " to the passive form? Member of Team: The boys didn ' t play. Prof, of Rhetoric: Now the words in this sentence are so chosen as to imitate the braying of a donkey. What do we call this figure? Bright Student: .4ssonance. Literary Dead Qive-Aways. Freshman (in Registrar ' s office); Are you very busy just now? E. B. (without looking up); Yes, sir; I ' err busy. The Freshman hastens away. E. B. (to his assistants, as he draws a puzzle from underneath his desk; Say, boys, can you work out this puzzle ? Last year Mr. Pendergast went East on Gopher interests. Miss Robbins wrote to him (on business ?) and thus her letter began : " My Mr. Pendergast; " -427 — Literary when Miss Robbiiis had nearly finished her letter, she observed that the salutation was not quite to her liking, and wrote: " I did i!ot mean that ; I meant niv rlcur. " And Mr. Pendergast was engaged to another girl all the time, too ! Foster (Managing Editor Ariel). Well, how shall we have the picture of the Board taken ? Weatherson : I suggest that we all stand in such positions as to spell out the word " Ariel. " Miner: Good scheme! Bruckart will be the " I " then. ( Bruckart tails to sec the point.) Miss Baker; I don ' t care; I don ' t tliink Walter Scott is an authority on love afl ' airs. People don ' t do it the way he says they do. Heath (to Kunze after the Gopher-Ariel football game I : Well, old m;in, did you get hurt ? KuNZE ( keeping his distance I : Oh, no I I kept out of your way. Mary Ward (to Frank Faude): Oh dear, Frank, have you got a Bible? Frank: What, in the name of Jehosaphat, would I have a Bible lor? and what on earth do you want of one? Mary: Oh, I must get my Hebrew lesson some way before next hour. While one of the Gophers was writing up his jokes be was suddenly confronted with the word miscellaneous. Thereupon he asked Mr. Savage how to spell the word. Savage, with a far-away look in his gentle eyes, slowly spelled out, ' • M-i-s-s L-a-n-g-m a-i-d, " and at the burst of laughter, blushingly recovering him- self, said ; " Well, that is what it sounded like, anyway. " Later on he remarked. " I always was a poor speller, anyway. " Stray Shots. The following notice was placed by Prof Haynes upon his door: " . n exam- ination of the I ' s of my section in Algebra of last term will be held in this room at 9 o ' clock a.m., Jan. i;!, 1896. All in this section who have I ' s and wish them removed are expected to be present. " Mary Hooker was sent to a certain school in St. Paul on the corner o( (icia- iiiiim and Silvan streets, to make a report for Paedogogy. She told the conductor to please let her off at Verbena and Urban streets. First Barb: Say, I understand the Frats held an indignation meeting last night. Second Barb: Yes, that ' s straight. First Barb: Do you know what it was for ? Second Baku: Yes they considered the advisability of petitioning the janitor to remove the barb-wire fence from the campus. Updyke ; Miss Baker, you ' ve got a head like a tack. Miss Baker: I don ' t care, your ' s is like a match. — 428 — Minerva Debate — h ' esolverl. That if a man l)c on a rlcsert cliiiginj; to a litin ' s tail, it is safer to hang on than to let go. Affirmative, Miss Halpin. Xegative, Miss Sylvester. Nachtrieii: Mr. Swenson, we don ' t want any chicks in this class tliat c.-ui ' t swim. SwENSox: Vnu don ' t know whether lean swim or not. The sn))iect isn ' t deep enough to swim in. CoNW.w MacMillan, hearing that Capt. Larson is to speak in V. M. C. A. meeting on " Brotherly Love, " remarks with a desperate expression on his face: " The idea of his speaking on snch a snljject only a week Ijefore the Madison game! " His Exckllencv, Mr. Guild: Ladies, I must request you to desist sitting on the steps until the Regents order you to pose as statutes. Ring (at telephone in Gilmore ' s) : Hello, is this Dorsett ' s ? Yes. Well, this is the Christian Endeavor Society of the first Congregational Church. Miss Levens is affected with a cough in class. Miss Sanford : Miss Levens, if you can ' t stop coughing, I will send you on an errand for me. Will you please go to my house and ask my niece for my pocketbook ? Miss Levens departs. Loud coughing throughout the room. Mr. Gale, who regales himself by playing the ' cello in his spare moments, asked Mr. Firkins, who occupies the adjoining room, how he liked it. " Oh, I ' m getting more used to it now, " replied Mr. Firkins. Greek Professor : Mr. B , do-you use a pony ? Sti ' DENT: Yes, sir, I use one religiously. Professor : How so ? Student: Why, I let it rest on Sundays. Freshv : Is Prof. Eddy the man who rides a bicycle with side whiskers ? His method was, to say the least, pecuhar, and characteristic of the man. He firmly pushed her back in the chair, laid one hand on her snow-white forehead, and fondly bending over her frightened, fawn-like eyes— pulled a tooth. Senior Girl : What is the first Beatitude ? Mary Ward: " Blessed is the man that walketh not in the council of the ungodly. " The .serenade de[)artment of the Glee Club is out for a moon-light stroll. Pretty Freshman: Isn ' t it divine? Crotchety Old Gentleman (in third story, reaching for a Ijoot-jack): There are those d — n cats again I Wanted — A large, strong man to break up Jonesy ' s fourth-hour class in Physics when the bell rings. Literary Literary Smile. ON ' T l)e ' I ' raid to smile, old man ; Make the world as bright as you can. Plenty folks have thorns that gall ; Some folks never smile at all. Uoii ' t walk ' bout with a funeral face, All your smiles in some dark place ; Keep one somewhere close around, So ' twont ' sprise folks when its found. Mouths needn ' t stretch from ear to ear, Always wearin ' a silh ' leer. You can tell a smile from a grin — A grin ' s put on, a smile ' s from within. When 3 ' ou meet some one in th ' hall, Look at him and not the wall. Don ' t pretend you ' re thinkin ' deep, ' Cause you ' re not ; so, smile and speak. Isn ' t he up to th ' snuff in style ? Maybe not, but he ' s worth a smile. Men were made to cheer and bless ; Men are men in any dress. P ' raps he ' s a radical " barb " or " frat " — Scorns yoxi, hates you — what of that? Treat him well — ' twill hel]) a jiile; Time will show it ' s worth your while. When you ' re tott ' rin ' down the years, When ambitions change to fears. Then you ' ll find ' twas worth your while. When he greets you with a smile. Lovers tell their love in smiles — Beats all talkin ' many miles. Love the world, the Master bade, — Smile your love and make it glad. Do you frown at th ' wrinkled face ? Cares for you have left their trace, Youth and beauty fled. Don ' t wait Till she ' s through the pearly gate. Make her hapjn ' now, old man, Happy and bright as ever you can. You will find ' twas worth your while. When she greets you with a smile. -L. T. S. To The Ladies ' Parlor. I walk with her along the hall, My heart within nie throbbing; But sadly turn me back again And my heart is sad and sobbing. For she left me at the parlor door- One moment she was mine, The next she had been swallowed up By that haven of rest divine. She ' s gone ! She ' s gone I Tis useless here to wait. My soul is wrung with anguish ; E ' en now my hour is late. I cannot to her enter; She will not come to me, Literary « LMl ' J And through that cruel casement I cannot even see. Goodbye, thou grim old prison, Thou breaker of hearts untold, Thou, whose grey walls are watching Her Ije.TUtiful life unfold. Goodbye, for I must leave thee, And hasten to my quiz ; But to build glass doors for parlors Shall be my future hiz. — H. H. V. ' 97. Suy, cliappie, take in iitnttht r red ' in yuur (rou.ser.s .■ a wind ' s earning up. Literary After Labor, Rest. At the close of a fair, delightsome clay. When the evening sun burns low, Ye have seen how the toiler quickly turns From his task to the welcome rest he earns And yet ye have seen him ling ' ring stay ; Whv tarries he, do ve know ? He stands in the ambient sunset light. He breathes the balm ' air, He views the work which his hands have wrought, And he tunis away with this half-sad thought : " My day of toil has been fair and bright- Will another be as fair ? " Our day of toil is done ; we stand At eve a wearj ' laboring band. We look back on our task and see ' Tis finished ; we at length are free. We leave our burdens with a smile, And yet we sigh and pause awhile. .What mean this smile and sigh in one? Why, our fair day of toil is done. —432 — Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Avenue, the Leading Tailors Waverly and Minneapolis Bicycles " are honest wheels at honest prices- " -$85, $75, $65, $55 The Largest and Finest Repair Shop in the City. We have Men who malie Bicycles and are doing Fine Work at Low Prices. 5. F. Heath Cycle Company 705 Nicollet Avenue By the way, Billy, when ' s the Gopher coming out? rioren the Tailor leads, others follow 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue See Nicholson Bros, for your Fine Dress Suits, 709 Nicollet Avenue Curtiss ©) Business Send for- Circulars College Bookkeeping •• Shorthand Typewriting •• English Penmanship Special Summer Course „ of Ten Weeks in Bookkeeping;, commencing: June 15, for the ole benefit of University, Higfi Rates . School and Advanced Public School Pupils ' " Address, J. L. Hodgmire, Proprietor Successor to C. C. Curtiss The Most Complete Line of Strings and Fittings to be found in the W. J. Dyer Bro. 509 and 511 Nicollet Ave., ninneapolis ' " ' 23 and 2S West sth St.. St. Paul--- Bureau of Academic Costumes J- Cotrell Leonard ' ' ' Albany, N. Y. Makers of Caps, Gowns and lioods A To Uni ersity of Minnesota, Yale, Har ' ard, Princ ton, Wellesley, Columbia. Lini = versify of Penn., Mich., N. Y., Wis., Ark., Iowa and Ninety Others. Illustrated Pamphlet, Samples, Etc., Upon Application — A Tale of Blows and Woes. 1 — Two college youths, in early fall, . ttempt to blow tip a foot ball. All the latest styles at floren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue All stylish suits come from Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. The Tribune ni«««iwnnv«pwi«w; A Qentleman ' s Wheel " •• Do not buy until you have examined " The Tribune " It has no equal Deere Webber Co. Agents for the Northwest Minneapolis, = = Minnesota Best fit and workmanship at Moren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet Largest stock of goods in the city at Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Ave. »» »« » U»m» .» »» » » »i ■)niFk »« »» » B Ffe fe. Deere Bicycles ' " High Grade Wheels at a Medium Price-- Deere Leader Deere Roadster Moline Special Bicycle Sundries Deere Webber Co. Minneapolis, Minnesota ■ " »»li»ii » » »»»»»U ' »»F » ' »»F»FkF « " »»« " »»» 1 rf •■ B ■ B ■ ■ Moren the Tailor leads, others follow He is at 411 and 413 Nicollet For Fashionable Goods see Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. The Half Tones in This Book. v ere made from Photos taken by O. F. Stafford Co. Moren, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue, the " Varsity " Tailor Send your friends to Nicholson Bros, Fine Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. •s The General Excellence and Lasting Qualities oi jt = Drawing Instruments have won for them the confidence of the pro- fessional draughtsman, and we exercise untiring perseverance to have the product of our workshop maintain the reputation that our instruments enjoy. Each instrument is stamped either with the firm name or . . with the trade-marks " T. A. " or " T. A. Sons. " . . Catalogue on application % TheO. Alteneder Si Sons, instrument Makers PHILADELPHIA 0000000000000 oXTranslations 8 O Literal — Imterlimear O O 6? Volumes O oBictionanes o O GermaE, Freacli, Italiam, O O Spamish, Latin, Greek Q O ARTHUR HIHBS . CO. O O ♦ Cooper Institute, New York City ( ) ooooooooooooo 2 — By some mistake it happens that Poor Squashy starts to take on fat. Nothing new under the sun except Moren ' s styles, 411 and 413 Nicollet Ten percent discount to all students at Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet 3 — " Tlie man who ' d do that is a piipl " Thus Squashy blows liig Fizkiiis up. Organized 1866 Thorough Inspections-- " and Insurance against Loss or Damage to Prop= erty and Loss of Life and Injury to Persons caused by Steam Boiler Explosions J. M. Allen, Prcshlcnt VVm. B. Franklin, ' icC ' Prest. F. B. Allen, Second Vice-Prest. J. B. Pierce, Sec V. an fl Treas. |t2-iES31CS31 S£3;jJ£7 L2 aiS For Good Health Every student should exercise and every student who exercises, should, after exercising, thoroughly rub his muscles with POND ' S EXTRACT---By its use they are made quick and active; all soreness, stirfness or swelling is prevented, and the danger of taking cold on going out is avoided .•.-.•.•.■ Use Pond ' s Extract after shaving Reduces redness, cheeks bleeding — Leaves the face soft, white and smooth — Far superior to bay rum or any other lotion For good effect you must have the genuine Pond ' s Extract — The weak imita° tions won ' t do the work and are probably worthless and irritating to the skin .•.•.•.•.•.•.-.• Pond ' s Extract Co., 76 Fifth Avenue, New York 3 ' 3JKSK ' :JM3EaH?!KaE5i5K23EKK: Have Moren make your Full Dress Suit, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue 3ee Nicholson Bros, 709 Nicollet Ave. for Lowest Prices on Best Goods For One Dollar We will send you Stafford ' s New Magazine for one year, and besides will send you fifteen complete books for a premium — the whole fifteen books in fifteen separate volumes (handy pocket size, hound, not trashy pamphlets), are sent ' ou by mail, postage prepaid, as soon as ' Our subscription is received. In addition to this -ou get the magazine (chock-full of good home and general reading), once ever - month for twelve months .■.•.•.■.■.•.■.•.•.•.• ■■■•The premium books which you receive all together at once when you subscribe, are as follows : The Scarlet Letter, Ijy Nathaniel Hawthorne. Under the Red Flag, by Miss M. E. BrarUlon. King Solomon ' s Mines, hy H. Rider Haggard. The Corsican Brothers, Ijy Alexander Dumas. The Black Dwarf, bv Sir Walter Scott. A Noble Life, Ijy Miss Mullock. A Study in Scarlet, by A. Conan Doyle. The Sea King, by Captain .vlarryat. The siege of Granada, by Sir E. Bulwer Lytton. Mr. Meeson ' s Will, by H. Rider Haggard. The Wandering Heir, by Charles Reade. No Thoroughfare, l.iy Charles Dickens and Wilkie Collins. The Great Hoggarty Diamond, by V. 1. Thackery. The Surgeon ' s Daughter, by Sir Wal ter Scott. Treasure Island, by Robert Louis Stevenson. " " Send one dollar for Stafford ' s New Magazine for one year, and all of these fifteen great books will lie sent to you hy return mail. The Magazine will follow month by month for twelve months — but 3 ' ou get the premium books (all of them), right away. Remit by P. O. Order, Registered Letter or Express at our risk. Address: H. Stafford Publisher, Stafford ' s New Magazine 106-108 Fulton Street, New York, N. Y. P. O. Box 2264 Please mention the Gopher — viii Moren the Tailor ' s Pantings and Vestings suit " -4ii and 413 Nicollet Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Avenue, are the Leading Tailors Albany Teachers ' Agency Provides Schools " of all grade. with Competent Teachers t5 t? e.5 e eJ We invite wide-awake and progressive teachers for all departments of school vork, whether experienced or not, to reg:ister witli us, and pledge onr best efforts to advance their interests. We are getting calls for such teachers at all seasons of the year, and can certainly be of service to those who are seek- ing positions or promotion. Why not give us a trial. ( (,? ( ' ' ( ' t Harlan P. French, Manager 24 state Street, Albany, N. Y. N. B. — Correspondence with School Officers is invited 4- — To ])rove repentance, Fizkins l)lo vs Into the Ijall. which larger grows. Established 1851 Eimer Amend " Importers and Manufacturers Chemicals and Chemical Apparatus Bohemian Glassware, Nickelware, (ierman Glass Goods, Platina= ware, German Porcelains, Balances and Weights, Microscopes, Etc., Etc. Glass Apparatus specially made to order, according to drawings. Glass Blowing and Engraving done on premises. 205, 207, 209 and 211 Third Avenue, Corner i8th Street New York A- ' What ' s his name? Moren the Tailor, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Avenue, have no competitors Our friend Mr. Moren ; he builds clothes That ' s him Moren Nicholson Bros., Largest Tailoring Establishment West of Chicago ' ' Dese is Dose " What Spins to Win The Syracuse... Syracuse •••Pacer Weight 23 lbs. Each $100.00 1 Crimson Rims Syracuse •••Thelma - T --- ' ■ ■♦■- ■ -ir 1- -- Tr - » ■IFW Weight 22 lbs. Bach $100.00 Y,-e t " -■. " tt«i; s?;:;,, " . ' 5 ?? ' Si? ' Wholesale Distributors Farwell, Ozmun, Kirk Co. Wholesale Hardware St. Paul The Wise Student Wears Moren Suits, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Nicholson Bros, have no Competitors, 709 Nicollet Avenue The. Corking Good ¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ Crawfords Crawford ••••No. 27 Are Harder to Beat than a China Egg Weight 24 i lbs. Each $65.00 The Best riedium Grade Bicycles flanufactured Far Superior to flany So=Cal!ed High Grades Crawford — •No. 28 Weight 26 lbs. Each $65.00 Wholesale Distributors Farwell, Ozmun, Kirk Co. Wholesale Hardware - St. Paul xii What ' s his name? Moren the Tailor, 411 and 413 Nicollet Aveni;e See Nicholson Bros, for Lowest Prices on Best Goods, 709 Nicollet Ave The Bridge Teachers ' Agencies " C. A. Scott Co., Proprietors Boston and Chjcago One Fee registers in both offices " Send for Agency Manual f t 9 9 Offices " " 110 Tremont Street " " Boston 169 Wabash Avenue — Chicago Qlessner Washburn • . Jt.., -_?as I Undertakers ....and Dealers in Furniture, Carpets, Draperies Window Shades, Crockery, Glassware and ••••Bicycles- " Special Attention Given to Upholstering and Repairing " ' Goods Sold for Cash or on Kira rar; ' ' RJK Easy Payments 227 and 229 Central Avenue University trade carefully supplied — - 5 — But Squashy knows a thing or two and FizUins Ijlows until he ' s bhic. Try the Champion CHp A New Improvement in Eye= glasses Manufactured e iciuslveiybyE. B. Meyrowitz ••■Opitician 45 Sixth St. So., Minneapolis Dayton Block Spectacles, Eyeglasses, Opera, Field and Marine QIasses (@ nicroscopes. Photographic Cameras and Supplies Moren ' s clothes fit like West ' s smile— all over 411 and 413 Nicollet All stylish suits come from Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. The Fenton Road Wheel Weight 221,2 lbs. riodel 27 24 Inch Frame Price $100 The Fenton has more distinctive features than any other wheel The Fenton patent adjustable handle bar is superior The Fenton fork crown is original The Fenton is bullt with the most careful attention to details The Fenton is bullt regardless of manufacturers ' cost The Fenton anticipates the requirements of the trade The Fenton so well established among good riders Moral.. ..Buy Blue Crown Fcntons and be happy The... ' — " L. Q. Fenton Co. Northwestern Distributing Agents 707 Nicollet Avenue ninneapolis, Hinn. " i -f 1) Wheels M av t ® ' ' ' I Blue. Crowns. " . Best fit and workmanship at Moren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet See Nicholson Bros, for your Fine Dress Suits, 709 Nicollet Avenue Bunde Upmeyer Before Buying I t " T get our •ICi i 4 Prices and Styles J jl We Guarantee Satisfaction College RaHfr g and First Class Qoods Of All Kinds Our Specialty 121 = 12 Wisconsin Street.... Milwaukee, Wis. 6 — A saint woiiM curse at such a tricU! Thov Tail to lilows, the l)lo vs tall thick All the latest styles at JWoren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet- " -Largest Tailoring House in the N. W. Hordn the Tailor leads, others follow " - ' He is at 11 and 13 Nicollet Our Prospectus.... The following is an extract Itoni a book soon to be pnblished by the Gopher press. The title is, as yet, undecided upon, but the Board visli the public to dis- tinctly understand that the book is not to be edited without such a necessary fixture. They will further state that it, (the title), is to be stamped in gold letters on the out- side cover, an item of consideralile expense, by which the readers will see that no ex- pense is to be spared in producing a ])ublication the cover of which cannot be im- proved upon. The book will be sold only on subscription. By applying at the manager ' s office, Freshmen, Sophomores and Y. M. C. A. vacation workers will be supplied with ])ros- pectuses or prospecti, [for correct use see Geo. Edwin McLean ' s, Ph. D., Leipsic etc. ' s chart of English literature, for sale at the University bookstore, ])rice 35c], and assigned districts. We would suggest that ap]5licants provide themselves with a tew pairs of strong walking shoes [see ads. and Willie Parker], shotproof suits, and finally, very important, a large amount of loquacity. [Call at Ariel office at any hour]. The publishers assure the editors that if the Ijook had only ap jeared beforeC;esnr crossed the Ruljicon and Pompey prepared for battle, the light brigades of Napoleon need never have skirted the Al] s and ]3ut on skirts to keep warm, or the fall of Eve raised the price of craba]iples in Wall Street in 1865, the direct cause of the Declara- tion of Independence. It wouldalsohavebeenimpossible.saythecritics who have seen the manuscript, for Fitzsimmons to have knocked out Maher by an imdcrcut. Be that as it may, (and so far as we could find out it was not December), the edi- tors trustfidly with no malicious intent, place these few chapters before the public. If, after perusing them, some are broughtto realize their part in this great universe; some " sweet ))ell jangled out of tune " is again attuned to its note in the great har- mony of the spheres; some hard heart melted to pity the woes around him, the authors are fulh ' repaid for their .-ilnicjst su|)erhunian efforts involved in the jiro- duction of such a literary gem. Subscriptions may be jilaced in the hands of any of the editors. TnK Emitors. Chapter I. " The effect of dissolved air j " ;j the hoihng point is very remarkable. " — Barker ' s Physics. " Yes, " said Algernon Reginald Cadwallader De Smythe, as he gazed thought- fully at the slender toe ot his p;itent leather shoe on his left foot, the leg attached to • The quotation is used not that it has any connection witli the boolc, but because it is a fiict many of us should ponder deeply. All stylish suits come from Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave Dr. Sutherland Dentist.... Fills and Extracts Teeth Without Pain, and Makes a Specialty of Gold Crown and Bridge Work, or Teeth Without Plates Bridge Ready tor Inserting Crown Work Repre.-ienting Mouth Ready for Bridge After Inserting By the Above Method No Plate is Used. Solid Boots can be Crowned, thus Avoiding Extraction. « A v. Parlors are Located on — — Corner Nicollet Avenue and Fifth Street Over Yerxa ' s Grocery Store Our friend Mr. Moren ; he builds clothes That ' s him Morer wliicli was carefully crossed over his coiTesponding nicnilier, i.e., his right leg, — " yes, it is very evident to me that a critical philological examination of contemporaneous documents corroborates the opinion advanced by all anlhrojiologists of any promi- nence, that etymologically speaking, this expression is a representative evnlgation of the esoteric cogitations promulgated during the period about which we are at the present articulating, and " Here he paused, not from any internal disarrangement or entanglement, but for the simple fact that he was interrupted. Let us take this breathing space to examine the speaker (not surgically) and his suiToundings. Algernon Reginald Cadwallader De Smythe was an only son of Mr. and Mrs. Smith, and this fact has been said to account for his name. It is a natvu ' al law that the number of names varies inversely with the number of infants, excejit among negroes, but this was his name, and one of which he was proud when he could think of it all. When he was young it was quite a a question as to whether he or the name would survice. But by calling only a few syllables for nicknames, and speaking these promiscuously among the household, the burden was shifted to other shoulders, and the infant grew into boyhood, the boy into manhood, the man into his father ' s for- tune. At the moment he made this weighty remark with which the chapter opened, he was sitting in the parlor and on one of the chairs of Mr. Tompkyns, but not with that gentleman himself Oh, no 1 on the other side of the fireplace sat Miss Tompkyns, a blushing maid of uncertain age. She was dressed Millieent Tompkyns was the daughter of Mr. Tompkyns, her father, and what is less, she was his only daughter. Mr. Tompkyns often said he was thankful that Millieent was not twins, for if there had been more than one of her he would have had to go out of tne axel grease business and into Congress. However, as there was only one of Millieent, the countrj ' did not suffer. His threat, nevertheless, is said to have so affected the axel-grease market as to almost create a panic in that depart- ment of Wall Street. Mr. Tompkyns was a wholesale manufacturer of axel grease, as some of our i-eader may have already concluded. Algernon had determined to ask Millieent to become his wife. Suddenly she looked up : " What did you say, . lgie ? " " I was ju,st saying — that is, I said — I said — oh, hang it all, I don ' t know what I did say. But I know what I ' m going to say right off. " He rose from his seat and began pacing back and forth. In general he seemed quite different from the cool fel- low he usually appeared to be. " I was going to say — 1 will say — well, what do YOU say about it ? " " About what ? " she asked. " About the price of axel grease— I mean about — I mean — I — mean — ah — 1 — ah — that is to say — I mean — well, that ' s what I mean. " " Oh, ' s strange that I could not see that that was what you really meant. It ' s all so clear now, " she answered, " but what in the world is the matter with you, . lgie? " " Oh, nothing ' s the matter, " he said. " Now, Millieent, you and I have known each other a long time, haven ' t we? " He seated himself beside her. " For along time. Well, suppose I ' d ask j ' ou now to mar " " Oh, quit that, " screamed a voice. The writer has unfortunately lost the clipping from Ifarjjcr ' s Bazaar, but bvreferrinp to any fashion magazine the reader will find some dress that we are sure will suit Miss T . This omission willibc filled in the hook when published, and patterns of the dress furnished at a slight additional cost. See Nicholson Bros, for your Fine Dress Suits, 709 Nicollet Avenue Mrs. de Palezieux Falconnet... Now has the Gallery at Olson W Department Store and is giving Special Rates to students Her operator is one of the best, rir. Geo. Clag-ne, formerly with flurdock otUdentS Attention q y„ , laundry work done by the Minneapolis Steam Laundry Telephone your calls v% ' T ' ' »Si Prompt deliveries S. H. Towler, proprietor ■123 Nicollet Avenue S — With eyes nijon each other ' s face They work the ])iini]i with iialiir;il srrace. University Press of Minnesota T. H. Colwell — Printers of tlie Ariel Book and Job Work Text Books Minnesota Magazine Engineers ' Year Book Located in Basement of S. C. A. Building What ' s his name? Moren the Tailor, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Algernon siuldcnly jumped up and seized, desparately, a piece of china on the mantel, exaniiniufj it carefully with a critical eye. While he was thus engaged, lie heard a chuckle behind him, and turning he saw Millicent ' s parrot. Chapter IX. " stood uliere tlie rippling wuterx ii] peJ: At my feet a snippy pug dug siiippeil: But, alas! shoidd I ever ugaiii here stand With my leet siiidi deep in the sandy sand? " ] ' They were sitting, their boat drifting in the wind, guided by nothing but the fancj ' of the waves. Suddenly Millieent looked u]). " Oh. . lgie, the steamer, the steamer! " she cried. " We shall lie drowned I Oil, what sli;ill we do. w ' .iat shall we do? " Algernon sprang to his feet, causing the little boat to rock violently. He took in the situation at a glance. Bearing rapidly down upon them was a great steamer. To be caught in its swell was to be capsized ; to be capsized, to be tipped over. It was now so close upon them that it was impossible toescape from the swell, and the hour was so late that it was improbable anyone aboard would see them. Quick as thought Algernon seized the idle oars. " Millieent, " he commanded, " lie down on the bottom of the boat " She blindly obeyed. Forced along by the terriiic strokes of De Smythe, at one time the best oarsman in college, the little boat Hew toward the steamer. At every stroke it was i-aised from the water. The great b-iat came swiftly on. Algernon glanced over his shoulder. A few yards more and the two boats would meet. Bracing himself, by an almost superhuman elfort he raised his boat from the water. There was a sudden thud and all was still. The small bo.-it had lit on the deck of the steamer, and the occupants were save l.::; The waves ri])])led on. The chug of the water on the pier chugged on. The board bills of the hotel boarders increased as the time flew. The moon set. The sun rose. It was morning. Chapter XX. " Far away on the lieiglits of the distant Iiills, Sat blacUeuing night on a pair of lliills. While np from the darkening valley files A liorsetliief. with li-ar cluieli full o ' eyes. " § The sun had risen. It had set the night before. It was proli.-ililc that it wouhl again set on the day in which it liere rises. In fact it had cpiitc a liabit of setting This intcrestin;j; chapter will In. ' coiiclinK-d in the complete, .yilt-cilj ed edition. Morocco covers extra. f From that beautiful ode by W. F. Kuuze. entitled " A Rhapsody Over a Whiskbrooni : " Scarlett : Co , Minneapolis, 189fi ; .S. ' lc. If the reader finds any connection between this and the subject matter of the chapter, please notify the editors. X Particulars will be published in the complete volume. It is -cry tlirillinjj:, § This quotation is strictly orignal by the authors. We think it will bear careful study, and the complete book will .s ive a very full set of notes to be used in th. ' it connection. .-Vs lar as we have been able tt) determine, a study of the above would yield jrood results to every student of literature, if the application is proper [application danjierous if not external j. Fkeshmks and Oi.n Hngi.isii stitpents takk notice. .As yet no rhetorician or Old Knjj lish student has been able to name the final figure, but if there arc no better results before publi- cation the authors will invent a psetidonyni. Send your friends to Nicholson Bros., Fine Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. The University of iViinnesota Is the University of the State of Minnesota It Offers. A Irce eJiicaliiin to cvfivonc in eleven tlistinct courses of stiid ' , leiiilin-j to the l)aclulor ' s degree: advanced work leading to the master ' s degree or its eqnivalent: also still more advanced work in some special line lea ling ' to the di ct(- r ' s degree. A tree tlirce years ' coarse ol ' stndy in the best School of Agriculture in the world. A special two years ' course for teachers. A course in Law, with tuiticni as low as consistent with the carrying on of a lirst-class course of instruction. A course in Medicine and Surgery ; a course in Homteopathic Medicine and Surgery; a course in Dentistry; a course in Pharmaev. It Wants. Evervonc to take a(lvanta;.ie ol " the lacilities it otTcrs tor the securing ot " :i " ood e(Iueati{m. What it Costs . statement of necessary expenses will he found in the catalcjgiie. Tuition is absolutely free except in the strictly professional departments. A 2oO-page descriptive catalogue giving full information concerning the various departments of the University, will he sent free to any address. Address Cyrus Northrop, President, Minneapolis, Minnesota. xxii Best fit and workmanship at Moren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet and rising in that part of the country where Algernon De Smythe was at present re- siding. He was sitting on an nptnnied nail(?) keg, in front of a little shanty, the only one in sight for miles around. On all sides the dusty plain stretched far away into the distance. As far as the eye could reach there was nothing but sagebrush and sand. The little oasis siu-rounding the poorly-built cabin was the only green spot in the field of vision, for colorblind as well as normal eyes. . s one gazed beyond the lew square yards of green, the dancing heat seemed like an innumerable band of sav- ages, trying with all their incantations to induce their god to «-ipe out the existence of their enemy, the fresh spot of vegetation. .Algernon felt a touch on his shoulder. He started to his feet. Jenkins stood before him with his (Jenkins ' ) lingers on his (Jenkins ' ) li])S. " Guess we ' d better get out ' en this i)retty quick, " he whispered ; " we ' ve run into a hull gist of them red devils, all painted, and no squaws among ' em. I didn ' t think we ' d ketch ' em quite so quick. Ef we git out o ' here with all our hair we ' ll be lucky. " They silently saddled the ponies and set out leading them (the ponies) toward the head of the canon. They had nearly reached the pass when one of the ponies, sniffing the air, neighed. In a moment whoops resounded from every rock. " Jum|) on your pony and ride for your life, " yelled Jenkins; " the pesky red varmins will be on us in a minit. " They were soon flying over the rough trail, followed by a band oi howling redskins, now and then discharging a shot in hopes of hitting the two whites. " We ' re all right for a while, " shouted Jenkins, " and if we make that bend up the devil ! " A shot whizzed past him, and yelling Indians rose up all around. Dis- charging his pistols at the ones in fiont.he dug the spurs into his pony ' s side. " Come on. Use your pistols. It ' s an ambush, " he cried. Chapter XXIII. ' Eureka Bicycles: Ladies Special. Weiglit depends upon the lady and the lady upon the wheel. Tire is hose ( rubber hose it desired). Special attachments and apparati for husband and family. Guaranteed for si.x months, unless it wears out sooner. " De Smythe had vowed that he would say the fatal words at last. On a bright morning he and Millicent started out on their bicycles. Surely hei ' e no parrot, boarder or papa would disturb them. They were going down a hill, she wondering if her hat wei-e becoming; he wondering how the deuce to say it. They heard another wheel behind them. Thej ' looked back, ' an Jones was bearing down U])on the m with a Columljia wheel and a wicked scowl. Millicent ' s wheel ran off its track to the left. Algernon ' s txn-ned to the right. They collided. Van Jones was coming. Alger- non Reginald, etc., De Smythe summoned all his powers. " For Heaven ' s sake and in the name of forty-seven wheels will you be mine — in other words will yon marry me? " t t The remainder of the chapter to appear in the re nlaredition is thrilling in the extreme. A life-size lithograph will illustrate the last chapter. It will show Millicent ' s tailor-made bicy- cle suit. Her beautiful hair — for which she used Ayer ' s Hair Vipor [for recommendation the reader is referred to Harlow Oalc] — is done with inarvelous touches. The edition as wxll as the editors is nearly exhausted. For the benefit of subscribers the sun will rise a little earlier on the morninp o " f publics tion. Special arrangements have been made for this at great cost and inconvenience. No extra charge will be required for this, and the book will continue to sell at a discount of .50 ($50-100). The reader will leadily appre- ciate that by this device the early birds can see to catch the Gophers by moonlight just before dawn. Plugged coins and other plugs accepted at a reasonable discount. Affectionately Tme Editors. The book will be dedicated to Sealed proposals will be received for the space. Preference will be given University Regents. The editors reserve the right to reject all bids. See Nicholson Bros.,70Q Nicollet Ave., for Lowest Prices on Best Goods " The Warwick " - and " The America " Are surpassed by none and equalled by few The only strictly high grade Children ' s Wheels in the City Teaching Repairing. Renting Snow Bicycle House, 611=613 First Avenue South, ninneapolis, flinn. xxiv All the latest styles at Moren the Tailor s, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Avenue, have no competitors The Wondeb of To-Day Ovcctop the TciuMPrtS or Twenty Centubic6 Ago. -W o ARGn CygLe M ' fg 60. NtwYOBK. SARlftAHCliGO, TOCONTO. Have Moren make your Full Dress Suit, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue For Fashionable Goods see Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. Minneapolis Dry Goods Co " " We are sole agents in this city for the flonarch- •• See page xxv Also agents for the Lenox, the best wheel, the Monarch excepted alone, under$ioo Our $6q l-enox is sold under another name Ironi the Atlantic to the Pacific at $100 Lenox Model i, for men $69 Model K, for men $59 Frames " -AII tour inotlcis art- made ofhighest raile Maiintsman cold drawn seamless steel tubiiip:. All conndctioiis drop steel t ' or iiig:s. TuI)i ' S reinforced at each L-nd with ttibc drawn specially for the purpose, making :i total of fourteen reinforcemt-nts in the frame, .Ml reinforcements arc tapered to distrilnitc viliration. Forks ' " These, iu all four models, are of cold drawn seamless steel tubinji. tapered. Wheels ' " Arc t wcnty-eiKht inch frtiut and rear, with t wciity-eifjht spidics in frt-int wheel ami thirty-two in rear. .Ml spoUes swagred, nitUel plated, with rolled threads and lied. Rims " ' Are sinj le piece wood. Hubs " ' Are l arrcl jiatlern, turned frt nn special bar steel. Lenox Model J, for ladies $69 Model L, for ladies $59 BearinifS " Are all dust proof, tool steel, hardened and rround. Tread " Five inches in men ' s wheels, inches in ladies ' wheels. Chain " Iniproved Humber pattern w hardened blocks and pins, and finely 1 islud, (juarter inch for men ' s and three leenths inch for ladies ' wheels Handle Bar " - Lenox Keversible. with tong stem, cork handles with vulcanite tips. Tires " ' Morgan Wright quick repair. Saddles " -Sager for men ' s wheels, Hunt ladies ' wheels. iear ' " ()4- to 72 inch in men ' s; 03 to (i.s i; in ladies ' . Veight " ' Incliulin.i, ' tires. 23 lbs. in m lb in ladies ' oil 514 ith U)I- fiir ich 24- The Universal Sporting Goods are made by " •••Hulbert Bros. Co. 26 West 23rd Street, N. Y. We make a specialty of Track, Athletic Base Bali and Foot Ball- Supplies Also Lawn Tennis, Qolf , Cricket, La Crosse and Outing Goods 7 — liacli one ' s atVaicl to try it now, So gel .n pimi]) to c-iid tlif row. Moren the Tailor ' s Pantings and Vestings suit--4ii and 413 Nicollet Ten per cent discount to all students at Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Bramblett Beygeh -■•— " Engravers. We refer to illustrations In this publication as specimens of our work 320 Wabasha St., St. Paul Boston Block, Minneapolis The Wise Student Wears Moren Suits, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue See Nicholson Bros, for Lowest Prices on Best Goods, 709 Nicollet Ave. Bicycles ' are good bicycles Queen City Cycle Co.. ..Erie, Pa. Moren the Tailor leads, others follow Me is at 411 and 413 Nicollet Nicholson Bros., Largest Tailoring Establishment West of Chicago " Ot cinirse not. Did you know I. E. Burt Co. have a first-class Photographic Studio in connection with their Fine Arts Store students Notice- Hawes Williams- The Leading East Side Shoe Men Cordially Invite you when in need Footwear to look over their fine line of Tan and Black goods, latest lasts, up- to-dalc toes. Convince yonrselvcs that our prices are always the lowest. V " c will fiivc Students a Discount of Ten Per Cent on all ;;oods. Secpial rUUiition siven no Custom Work .Tiid Re- pairing. 326 Central Avenue and 8 Fourth St. S. E. 624 Nicollet Avenue visitors arc always welcome to inspect the (iailcries and see specimens of Portrait anil Pluituf rapliic Wurl Tlie Art Galleries couta in in teres ting pain tings by no ted art is ts, vhich are on sale. Picture Framing- a specialty All the latest styles at floren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Avenue, the Leading Tailors Francis A. Walker, Massachusetts Institute of Technology Boston Ph. D., L. L. U.. President The Institute offers tour ' ear onuses in Civil, Meelianical, Miiiiii};, Electrical, Chemical and Sanitai ' v Ungineerintr, in . rchitccttirc , Metalhirj y, Chemistry, Physics, Hiology ami Cieolui y in Xaval . reliiteeture, and in (ieneral Stndies Smnnicr courses in June and jidy S]ieei;d advantai cs arc offered to coUej c .yradnates Catalogues and detailed circulars of information % ' i1l be sent free on application H. W. Tyler, Ph D., Secretary, .4 jt 491 Royaiston St., Boston Do you want a fine Dress Suit at a moderate price? D. A. Soderberg 1207 Washington Avenue North Will make one for yuu Style, Fit, Haterial and Workmanship tile very finest costing from $25.00 and npw.Hrds Business Suits - froTH $|g.O0 and upwards [ ' reshnicn olitrun lea ' cs ol ' , ' d)scnce from the lacnltv. Horen the Tailor leads, others follow 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Largest stock of goods in the city at Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Ave. The Nicollet Avenue Photographers Remember we have no ' Branch Gallery " but will be found only at 315=323 Nicollet Avenue where we do nothing but High Class Work in all its branches ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦ • What ' s his name? Moren the Tailor, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Avenue, are the Leading Tailors C. B. Wilkinson •Maker of..., College Fraternity Badges Class Pins, Class Rings, Medals and Badges of Every Description Correspondence Solicited 42 John St., New York City All Styles Enlarging All Styles Photos ••• ••• ' •• ••• •• ' Edwin Branch Artistic Photograher Minneapolis, Minn. 1021 Nicollet Avenue X ' - " m 9— " At last! at last!! The ball we ' ll fix. " Thcv blow themselves across the Stvx. Best fit and workmanship at Moren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet See Nicholson Bros, for your Fine Dress Suits, 709 Nicollet Avenue There are many wheels, but why not ride a Thistle..., Fastest Strongest Lightest Best Minneapolis Thistle Cycle Agency Northwestern Agents 75 and 77 Seventh Street South Moren ' s clothes fit like West ' s smile— all over 411 and 413 Nicollet All stylish suits come from Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. Erie Bicycles... 3 t ■Are Honest Bicycles $75.00 Worth Sioo.c Material, Finish, Cunstruction Unexcelled. 5end for Catalogue t (5 " ( ' e5 Queen City Cycle Co., ••••Erie, Pa. Flowers... Seeds.. Flowers... , Seeds.. Plants.. Mendenhall Plants.. The •Florist of the Northwest Can furnish you with the Choicest of Flowers for Weddings, Parties, Funerals and all other purposes. Larjfe assortment of fine bedding: and house plants. Choice flower seeds. Send for Cata- logue. Telegraph Orders for Funerals promptly filled. ••••Mendenhall Greenhouses 1st Ave, S. and i8th 5t. or city Store, 412 Nicollet Ave., " " " Minneapolis, Minn. Campus notice— " No riclinsj on these walks. " Nothing new under the sun except Horen ' s styles, 411 and 413 Nicollet Nicholson Bros, have no Competitors, 709 Nicollet Avenue O. H. Peck The Largest and Best Bquipped Photo rraphic Supply House in the West Photographic Materials " We make a Specialty of Amateur Outfits and have on hand all the latest and best in this line 215 = 17 = 19 Second Ave. S. Special Inducements Minneapolis ° Educational Institutions and Clubs ' -lf outof the City send Minn, for our complete ' 96 Catalogfue l ebster ' s International Di Stionary : SllCrCtif or n fill- ' I ' liohrifii n . ' - Specimen pages, elc, sent on application. Standard ofthpf.S.SiipreniPf ' ourt.theT.S.Cuv ' I rrinlink " tn - ' .:iTi ' i nearly all Si ' hoolltnoks. ' oTiinn-ndeil by all State Superintendent. ' ; ot Schools. THE BEST FOR PRACTICAL PURPOSES. I t is easy to find the word wanted. It is easy to ascertain the pronunciation. It is easy to trace the growth of a word. It is easy to learn what a word means. C. Merriam Co., rubllsliers, SpriiisfielU, iwass. 6 KK X CK XK) )0 C 0 -CK ' 97 Goplier V ' ar DORSETTS D0R EiTT4l8 NKQLLETAVE MINNEAPOLIS- MINNESOTA Moren, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue, the " Varsity " Tailor Largest stock of goods in the city at Nicliolson Bros., 709 Nicollet Ave. si :fi ; ss:?:x iSjsi :AA:- 58 Notice... m It is with pleasure that we aid the " I ' " Gopher by occu]]yiiig this space We are ' miich gratified that our work has Iieen so far satisfactory to the students that we now enjoy the largest proportion of the University trade If j-on want work in a h lrr ■ ami of the best quahty you will never be disappointed if you take it to Qilmore s Drug Store Agency for The Hennepin Steam... Laundry Co. gSis xx s-;; : : tl ■- . -i- f. Ski=U=Mah ® B arber Shop ....and ath Rooms S. S. REYNOLDS, Proprietor. 416 Fourteenth Avenue S. E. ||eadquarters for §tudents. New Baths New Fixtures But the.. . Same Old Barbers First in Neatness. First in Nobbincss. and First for the Comfort of bis Patrons. Agency for National Steam Laundry. _ -The... Holmes.. Most conveniently locatetl Family Hotel in the city First-class in nil its appointments Rooms reserved fur triinsients Special rates given to all " U " Banquets and Dancing Parties A. L. Hazer, Hanager stylish Oxfords and Fancy Slippers For the Graduating Exercises From $1.00 to $3.00 Knoblauch ' s Arcade.... 23Q Nicollet Ave. and 23 and 25 So. Wash. Ave. Elegant Patent Leather Lace for Full Dress for Gentlemen Only $4.00 What ' s his name? Moren the Tailor, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Avenue, have no competitors The U " equaled; The Matchless; • • n s t a The Yellow Fellow 1896 The height of perfection in the art of bic ' cle building. im mi SB LTEi m 3e If you want to be fast, ride a " Stearns, " the easiest running wheel in the market. If you want to ride for pleasure, buy a wheel upon which it is a pleasure to ride, a " Stearns. " These wheels are fully guaranteed for one year against all inijjer- fections in material or workman- ship. W. K. V orison Co. Hardware, General Agents-- " 107 Nicollet Avenue. Bicycle Department open Evenings. Riding School free to Buyers. Have Moren make your Full Dress Suit, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Nicholson Bros., Largest Tailoring Establishment West of Chicago St The Yellow Fellow 1896 earns.. It ' s a Beauty Call at our store, where it will be shown to you in detail by competent and courteous salesmen W.K.Morison Co. Hardware General Agents--- 107... Nicollet Avenue Bicycle Department Open Evenings Riding School Free to Buyers rioren the Tailor leads, others follow 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue See Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Ave., for Lowest Prices on Best Goods A Mistake.... i Is never made when you pat= | ronize the University Boo1 W) Store, because nothing is kept ))), in Steele that cannot be sold to mutual advantage m Each Year.... fc Marks an improvement in stock M) and a decrease in prices ™ The coming year will be no ex= ' fX ception to this rule and students j will be better served in every way. We patronize student en= terprises The University Book Store All the latest styles at Moren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue All stylish suits come from Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. The Hazard Teachers ' Agency (Fifth Year Extracts from Recent Letters F. A. WELD, Supt. of City Schools, Still- water, Minn. — You have been very successful in selecting teachers for me. J. A. HORMBERGER. Supt. Public Schanls. Pckiri, III. — Your man is at work and doing well. We like him verv much. T. H. HANEY. Supt. of Public Sclntijls, Atlanta, 111. — Prof. , teacher of Science in our high school, whom we secured through TOur ageucv, is giving excellent satisfaction. S. S. PARR, Supt. of City Scliools, St. Cloud. Minn. — Wc would rely implicitly on your representations, believing them care- fully considered and proper! v guarded. REV. JAS. DOBBIN. D. D. ' . Rector of Shat- tuck School, Faribault. Minn. — Mr. . about whom you inquire, is still with us and doing very excellent work in penmanship, drawing, and the commercial branches. We make no charge to employing officers for our services in reconitnending candidates. Teachers desiring positions, advancement, or change of location, send for circulars and application blank. R. B. Hazard, manager, 735 Boston Block. Minneapolis, Minn. Geo. R. Snoad rjhotographic - r rinting Developing and Finishing of All Kinds for Amateurs Amateur Photographers who are not equipped for doing their 3 S S own developing and printing will do well to bring us their work. Stidfe o t {pjj= Our Work is subject to the closest inspection before Koing out, y- " x-:i and we aim to get the Ijest results from any negative left with us. Our Dark Room is at the disposal of customers ' C MK who desire to ' " change plates " or " load cameras. " E i K a S See our new Platino Prints, Mounted on " Mantello " tB jdc i cards. One of the most artistic Photographs produced. 425 Rochester Block, Minneapolis, Minn. XL 21 South Fourth St. Our friend Mr. Moren ; he builds clothes That ' s him Moren For Fashionable Goods see Nicholson Bros., Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. Northwestern University riedical School This College gave the first gradetl iiiorlical eouvsc in America The regular course is tour years Advanced standing is given The buildings are new, the laboratories are modern, the clinical material is very large and varied Only one other medical school has a larger proportion of A. B. and B. S. men among its students For Circulars ot " iut ' oi mation address the Secretary Dr. Frank Billings, 235 State Street, Chicago, III. Richmond Straight Cut... No. I Cigarettes Cigarette Smokers, who :irL ' willing ' to pay a litte more than the price chitrx ' i for the tir- ditiary trade Cijiarette- . will tiiid This Brand superior to all others. The- c Ci arettes are ma lie fro Til the bri-ihesi. niost ileliciite llavored ami liijihcst cost Gold Leaf fi;ro vii in ' iraitiia. This is the Old and Original Brand of Strai y ht Cut Cigarettes, and was broii ;ht out by us in the year of is75. Beware of Imitations, and observe that the firm nameas))clo w is on every paeka e ,1 0 Qinter, The American Tobacco Company, Sncoessor, Manufacttircr. Richmond, Virginia. III. C. A. Smith.... Floral Co. Florists Roses, Cut Flowers and Bedding Plants Qreenhouses 3501 Portland Avenue Office and Store 520 Nicollet Avenue Minneapolis, Minn. All the latest styles at Horen the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue Send your friends to Nicholson Bros., Fine Tailors, 709 Nicollet Ave. Hahnemann iWedical College and Hospital of Chicago. The NewHospital Buildings The New College BuildingI The Largest and Best Equipped Homceopathic Medical College in the World. The Thirty=Seventh Annual Session will open September 15, 1896. The College Curriculum embraces the followiiifi; features: 1. A four years ' graded Collegiate Course. 2. Hospital and Dispensary Clinical Instruction by the College Staff. 3. Fourteen General Clinics and Sixty Sub=clinics each and every week of the session. 4. Actual Laboratory Instruction in thoroughly equipped Labo= ratories. The buildings are alt new, commodious, and fitted with everything which tliirty- six years of experience can suggest. Heated by steam, lighted l3_v electricity, and modern in ever_v particular. The hospital has 12 wards, 48 private rooms, 6 ope- rating rooms, 6 " foyers, " for convalescents, an Emergency Examining and Operat- ing Room, Reception Room, Office, etc., all under the immediate charge of the College staff. The new College building has large well-equipped Anatomical, Physiological, Pathological, Chemical, Microsco]5ical, Biological and Bacteriological Laboratories, Cloak Room, Cafe, Smoking Room, Ladies ' Parlor, and Toilet Rooms. For announcement and sample copy of CLiNiyuE, address C. H. VILAS, M. D., Dean. JOSEPH P. COBB, M. D., Registrar, 2811-13 Cottage C.rove . vc. XI. II Best fit and workmanship at Moren the Tailor ' s, 411 and 413 Nicollet Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet " " Largest Tailoring House in the N. W. XHg PhotOSfraDher A])preciates tlic Student trade just the same whether — t_ ! liehasit allor not, and is always on deck with special rates tor groups or sinujle photos. His new j- a j «■ •• studio is the best and laiW in the city. Syndicate Arcadc, ninneapolis For a Good Dinner m m m m m step into the. University I uncJi lyj 00m ...In the Main Building 21 Heal Dinner Tickets, $3.50 Do You Ride a Wheel ? of course you do, and you want the best Cement tor repairing, tlie best I uljri- cant tor vour chain, the best Enamel to make your wheel look like new, the best Oil to make the wheels go ' round, and that is what you get when you buy the brand called " A=C=Q " Hanufactured by Adams Hanufacturing Co. Minneapolis, Minn. rioren the Tailor leads, others follow He is at 411 and 413 Nicollet Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet Avenue, the Leading Tailors This Publication from the Press of the 1 ribune Job r rinting o. Minneapolis, Minn. Moren the Tailor ' s Pantings and Vestings suit " -4ii and 413 Nicollet See Nicholson Bros, for Lowest Prices on Best Goods, 709 Nicollet Ave. " The Yellow Fellow " 1896 Stearns 3S Bicycle Department Open Evenings.... ss SB Riding School Free to Buyers,... m S5S5S5 P v:vSSSSS5K rv ' S W. K. Morison Co. Hardware General Agents- 107 Nicollet Avenue. Moren the Tailor leads, others follow He is at 411 and 413 Nicollet Ten per cent discount to all students at Nicholson Bros., 709 Nicollet «««♦ «♦♦♦♦ ►♦« « « -i ' ««« ' = ir ■■ ■ .■ .V(( ;..« ' s raraiili- xiniiil.-.l l,i. li-«m, i:l. " i The Autoharp : " .1 ,ilf Millmi, 7V.-»,». h,i,-e h;in„;l In phui Ihr .1 loliurpinllii ' iil II frt«A.r. " - KasV Tii I ' LAV, I ' lMp. I. The iMiiKi ' iiU ' i-i -cis l.r.O to 150. II yon ilnuht ymn-iibillty tliereisvei-y littk ' risk intryiiit; one of the sniivller instruments. We :ire con lident that it will please yon. Style Harmonetle. Price $I.SO. ■.l-r.ins. H stiiiiL-s. Ill- xiii.-,.s..f ni ■ .■- h,ll 1.1. k. ThrfB ri -- eontaiiiini: six pl.-.-cs ..f iiiusi.-. timiiii: k tion t.irf..i.._--sh,ll i.i.k. Ni.ily .• ; luoney-order. postal note or stamps. Semi cents extra if you wisli it sent by mail. llifhly p.,lisl lioanl. ' Jl strings, 3 Oars, ( ' -Major. (1 Sei loi.l tliinMl.-pi. ' k, music .■..iitaiiiiiiti 11 pi. ' C. s of ami tuniiii key furnish. Style No. I, Price $4.00. 1 redwood spruce ruce sraimlim, ' - It ' the followim; Mith. KMap.r. A .■illu rai-k. hook aiusi,-. hr;iss spiral pi.-k 1 with eaih Aut..lMup. lliuhly, -a Style 2 3-4, Price $5.00. pi.lislii ' .l r.-.lw.....l spnu-.- uu.liiii .IPiuiii Commencement and Wedding Invitations Monograms Crests and ail kinds of Society Stationery I he Beard Art Company (new store) 619 Nicollet Ave. ninneapolis See the Rambler at Roach ' s, o75 and 577 Hennepin .- ve. H. C. Fales, Shoemaker, 41+ I ' onrteenth .Ave. S. E. ■-:il;U..r, l ' --Major. ll-M;ii..r. (i S.■ .-ill li " I aii.l C-Seveiith. Celluloiil thumb pirk. music I aek, J T iuslriii ' tioii hook, containing 22 i.ieees music, tuu , ? iiiu ' key, brass spiral pick furnished witii every T . ntoharp. The cliorrts are made tor the player by a simple ? pressure of the buyer iipou the cbord-bar. and a ; sweep of tb.. sliiuk ' S with the ..tlier li:iu.l. l.i J plai-tise isi.l..asiir.- 1 aiisci is, ..r.l i, |i.. sihl... » ; ThemaKi.. w..Mlsiu iiie. ' ti..ii will. 111. ' A Ii;in. J I are, " Kiisy to I ' lay. " The tone is soft, sw.-.l J I an.l pure, or strum, ' , resonant and noble; and tb. ' iiistruinent has wiinderfnl possibilities under tb. ' touch ..f a skilful hand. i If v..ii .ami.. I se.-nre these styles of vour lo.-al X 1 .hMli r. «!• will send r. (1. 11. W.- prepay express I .•li;na;.-s I., any pla..- in tin- t " nitc.l .stat. ' s ..u all T T Aiiti. harps (never im tiic iiarmou. ' tte). if i ey T is Milt with order; and an Autobarii can be re- turii. ' d if it does not prove satisfactory ami money _ J refunded. J i Send for JUustrnted Story, " How the it Autoharp Captured t te Fiiinif ' j. " ALFRED DOLGE S0I i, n.-i.i, D. ' ii ••■■ II ' " ' ' ' ■p. ' ' . M : v I.HK CITY. « « « «K-K ««-)i ♦« «■« « «««♦ « 1 , y I The Wise Student Wears Moren 5uits, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue See Nicholson Bros, for your Fine Dress Suits, 709 Nicollet Avenue W.W.HEFPELFINQEi F.T|1EFFELriNQEI . Syndicate Block. Corner Sixth St. and Nicciiet. Syndicate Block im Cor. 5ixlh St. and Nicollet Always slicjw the Most Attractive Styles and Exclusive Designs in Seasonable Footwear for Hen, Women, and Children Retailers of Fine Shoes rl? a a g xti fi-S-tft We carry an elegant assortment of Men ' s Enamel and Patent Leather Dress Shoes in every conceivable style toe. Also complete stock of Tan Footwear, comprising all the latest up to date styles and leading shades. Heffelfinger Bros. Syndicate Block Cor. Sixth St. and Nicollet Ave. What ' s his name? Moren the Tailor, 411 and 413 Nicollet Avenue ABOUT BEGINNING A LAW LIBRARY. SOME OF THE BOOKS THAT ARE NECESSARY. In Text Boo ks We publish C e J ' mBooft txita, which includes treatises on all the prin- cipal subjects of the law, at the uniform price of $3. 75 a volume, delivered. The works are by experienced writers, generally specialists in their subjects, and the series is as popular with practitioners as with students. No more useful books can be chosen in beginning the foundation of a library. Send for descriptive cir- culars of the Hornbook Series and our other text-books. In Reports In the National Reporter System we furnish you current reports of the deci- sions of all the courts of last resort of the country. If you don ' t want all, you can take the Reporter which includes your own state, at $5 a year for weekly advance sheets. In Digests We publish the American Digest, monthly and annual editions, covering all the cases in all the Federal Courts and in all the courts of last resort in the country. The monthly alone, $3 a year. The Annual alone, $8, delivered. The two to- gether (at $10 a year) enable you to keep posted as to all the points of law decided currently throughout the country. ■Send for descriptive announcement of the Century Edition of the American Digest, cover- ing in one series all American case-law from the earliest time to 1894. In Second=Hand Books We have a large stock of text-books and reports at low prices. This is the place for bargains. WRITE FOR SPECIFIC INFORMATION, PRICES. ETC. WEST PUBLISHING COMPANY, St. Paul, Minn. C809

Suggestions in the University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) collection:

University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1894 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1895 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1896 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1898 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1899 Edition, Page 1


University of Minnesota - Gopher Yearbook (Minneapolis, MN) online yearbook collection, 1900 Edition, Page 1


1985 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1970 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1972 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1965 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1983 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals 1983 Edition, online yearbooks, online annuals
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