University of Michigan - Michiganensian Yearbook (Ann Arbor, MI)
- Class of 1895
Page 1 of 296
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 296 of the 1895 volume:
For light cooking especially
in a living room, nothing' can
excel the B, Q B, line of
Oil Cookers. They are handy,
cheap, and will give perfect
satisfaction. For information
or catalogue, aclrlress --
can be practiced in the way of heat-
ing, with perfect coxnfc5t-l,my using' a
B. 8 B.
They are especially nsefnl clnring
cold fall anfl spring' weather, when
they can he lightecl at an instanfs
wood or coal stove. ' f
notice, thus doing away with a large
BUCKEYE I .... TIRES
TIRES . . GENDRUN oivo
NEED N0 CEMENT. ii will A NQ I 9 Entire
21 'bi Satisfaction.
Gendron -. ,Alex No. 19.
E YN l l . I f XX f
'f-fL1 - 'f like l
. Q l x fy Q A' i ii lf
I' Xl mg ,J V l X ffiii ffl
' N ' --if 'Na . - 4. , -Elf.-ffl.. X' ff
-Fl QI POUND ROHD WHEEL.
Light, Fast, Handsome, and Comfortable.
A Marvel of' Strength, THE PRICE.
Beauty, and Perfection ali? TOO,
in its detail. IS RIGHT.
f-X ,xrkvll W ll Y Uvlln lla-L xxx,
The Best Wheel to Buy. Best and Easiest Wheel to Ride.
Wrlte for catalogue before you buy.
GBNDRONIRON WHEEL co., - To1eclo,0hio.
Q it. NVe have all styles, from 315 to 365.
may allow in paying too much for a thing, but not paying to little. Ii' fl'
you buy a musical instrument for less than we ask for it, you will not get lf
as good quality. That is poor economy. If you pay more, you pay too 0:
much, because we sell the best there is.
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' ' D ' ' lil
' ' " , , ,' . on
- , ' oo
' . 1 ' ' , 0
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sometimes means paying thc. hir hest price It always does if you buy of
a lehable film for the best is always the cheapest There is never a great
differ ence between the cost of best and an inferior article. It is always
the strictest economy to pxy the dilfeienee and get the best.
e bell the U oli Guitar
It is as good as the linest material and the most expert workmen can pro-
duce. lVe sell it low, quality considered. Not as low as others offer Q:
those not so good, but low as any first-class guitar can be sold. Examine ll
We also Sell the if
lllartin and Washburn guitarsg the Stuart, Wzildo, and Fairbanks Banjos,
and lVashburn ltlanclolins. Their names are suflicient guarantee for
excellence. We are the largest dealers in Washtenaw County, and one
of the largest in the State. lVe solicit your consideration.
THQ Ann Arbor Qrcjan Co.
51 souTH MAIN srnssr,
ANN ARBOR. MICHIGAN. 2
We rent, repair, tune and sell the best pianos
lm on iiaoorable terms. '
We repair all small intruments in an artistic manner. Eg
A lug, Stoc k oi Mlscull umnus
md bt mul u 11 NV01 ks umst mtl!
on ll md
lhe wus Chou get Solution 01
l'0ll,lg,ll und Domestic btltl0ll1.,lW
1911. YWV llgt
SOLE AGENT FOR THE
QUEEN EOUNTHIN EEN.
Bdokseller and Stationer
FAMILY SEWING WV?
SINGER Do You contemplate the purchase of a 'H First
S ll! h 'I If? d .
iflsfmllgligxllis elfing ac me on 0 Prenuum
I Th S Mf C
e Inger g. o
HQME and 1-:AVE Q - WANT. ':f'fri::E"
. 'il I 4 WORI ITS
EIIIICI' Lock II: I 5 'E
Stitch III- E M . I EZ c0l.UM1s1AN
-- f- . , I 'IFf7.:. iii? .Ilflf-I, -1
Smgle Ilueful. N ua A.jl1I3.j.I.,I!.II E -I EXPOSVHON
1: L5 fllfffig f' :
I' E Ilygfl' ' ""' Fon
' 2 gel I-139' S .
.1 U Q IP In S, Izxcellence and
. 5 5-QYQ 'kelly' A -I
?VC1 3 if fini. F-I Beauty of our
"weIvc 0 ' ' ' '
. - ' " Sewinw'
01111011 THE Auvorvmlc. F
and Each the best ofits class zmlzgt approached in exccllchw MEUTIIIHCS and
Q -' M l' I? mug TEE? ld n ln mll tl '
x C 5 . More belllgggheriiglllescilnbined? 1Vllvl3.llEl0.Elji1!'0bZ!f mu
000,000 SCWIHQ' ofmilf5'E2IIiT5Z21?Z'd'5"""h"'
Macllineg For sale by authorized and exclusive Agents everywhere.
Every Year. Needle Work.
THE "SINGER" LEADS THEM ALL.
Keep Needles and Parts of all Sewing Machlnes.
All kinds of Sewing Machlnes repaired and rented.
LQ. O'TOOLE, HGENT,
ANN ARBOR, MICH.
u, , I ,
If you wisli to travel quickly and coin-
fortably from Chicago or St. Louis to any .-
point in the west or southwest, take one S
of the tlirough trains on the .......
ANTA- ' - TE
It is the greatest railroad in the world,
1: and its 9,346 miles of track traverse the
' most notable regions of the Great West,
which are fully set forth in handsomely
illustrated descriptive books.
For free copy of these tourist books, and any further information desired. apply to the nearest
agent of the Santa Fe' Route. or write to
G. 'H' Room.7I4- Monadnock Building. CHICAGO, ILLINOIS
I I NORTH MICHIGAN
F ' Q K x qw.
A anno Ei
J I it I
RAI LWAY A
The only North and South Road in the State crossing every Transverse Line and
affording sure and immediate connections for
DETROIT, JACKSON, LANSING, SAGINAW, BAY CITY, PETOSKEY, TRAVERSE
CITY, MACKINAW, PONTIAC, MUSKEGON, FLINT, ADRIAN AND GRAND RAPIDS.
,. -,.,...,1 .,.,-..,.
The only Direct Line for
TOLEDO, ANN ARBOR, HOWELL, OWOSSO, ITHACA, ST. LOUIS, ALMA,
MT. PLEASANT, CLARE, CADILLAC, FRANKFOFIT, AND MANISTEE.
Sure Connections at Toledo
Lake Michigan Boat Line for Kewaunee, Sturgeon Bay, Menominee,
AND POINTS IN THE NORTH WEST.
For Hunting, Fishing, and Pleasure Parties. now in service at reasonable
rates. Send for ci1'cuIa1'.
GENERAL OFFICES: PYTHIAN CASTLE. TOLEDO.
H. W. ASHLEY, J. J. KIRBY, W. W. BENNETT,
Gen., Manager. Trav. Pass. Ag't. Gen'I F. and Pass. Ag't.
R. S. GREENWOOD, Agent, Ann Arbor.
Ride the Gsbom
" ' niiig
'H Ml I 5' LX :ly
.Q N sl l XX
ii x Q QQ X i l fJ Yi.
ss- XR-,N ,l
The Stronges1:Light Biegele ade
Hlillli are so many good points about the Osborn liicycles that we
will not attempt to refer to them all here for the limited
space would not allow us to do any of them justice. We
call special attention to the frame for that is a distinct
feature of the Osborn, and it is the only single front frame
made having the tubes running from crank hanger to seat post.
This makes the frame from 25 to 50 per cent stiffer
at the crank shaft than any other frame made. livery joint of
the frame is reinforced which enables us to use light tubing, yet,
make a strong frame. We have every decided improvement in
our ,QS hubs which must be seen to be appreciated. All who are
interested should scnd for our ,QS catalogue which can be had for the
asking. lt contains facts about the OSBORN, also about the NUR'l'H-
Wl'lS'l' our 3280.00 High Grade liicycle and about thc Wayne the best
350.00 wheel made.
Repairing a Specialty V
Anderson Cycle and Nl'fg. Co.,
22 GRATIOT fopposite Hudson'sj DETROIT.
' All who are going to buy a Bicycle should
.i r -1' .
. ' - :T ' huy :in Oshorn so that they can follow our wood
11.2 E p ' ' O
. ' advice and "Ride the Osborn." lt has more
. X good points than any other wheel inside. The
stilfest frzune, finest finish and easiest running
bearings. The bearings will hold oil for months of running yet not lezive at trail of
oil in the gear.
Weight, IS to 22 pounds.
Is u strictly high grade wheel :nude on the rcgu-
lui' dizunond fraune lines. It is superior to lnnny I '
of the highest price wheels. 'rl' Q
S222 EIGIET 22 POUNDS-
our I8 the.6hciniimgnigigiiiistfghggllgiihecel fior
SEND FOR COMPLETE CATALOGUE.
lVe :nuke 21 Specialty ol' :ill kinds ol' difficult repairing, enuinelling, nickelling, etc,
NVe rebuild wheels at lowest prices.
ANDERSON CYCLE AND M'FG. CO.,
22 GRATIOT, fopposite Hudsorysj, DETROIT,
Q wa ' d,,,,
ake theTrain to Detroit
' MABLEY 6: COMPANY'S
Jf Ta, .M
Q, IN THE LINE OF N
I 0 mg
. THE SAVING IN PIECE Q1 Furnishing 3
XELEQSEZEETZQNYOCZ Nd Goods V 6
IQCPEATEEYZBRYQZZ' N4 5b0C5--H3-fs
SATISFACTION OF SE- on ANY"'H'NG'N
CURING THE NEWEST TWEx:gTNog
AND FINEST ..., APPAREL S
We make a p lty f sending
Imperial o .nd
ND OTHER HIGH GRADE
C. O. D. on approval
Catalogues DETROIT MUSIC GOMPHNY,
Free ...-' M. A. vAN WAGONER.
184 and l86 Woodward Ave., DETROIT, MICH.
IN SEALED PACKAGES
ll Finest in the land.
. , 4-
For .Men who like to dress well.
WAGNER 84 CO.,
Tailors and Furnishers.
HE academic gown, as used in America, is
really a uniform. On its historic and picture
esque side it serves to remind those who don it
of the continuity and dignity of learning, and
recalls the honored roll of English-speakingUniversity
men. .On its democratic side, it snbdnes the dilfer-
enees in dress arising from the dillerences in taste,
lashion, manners and wealth, and clothes all with the
outjvard gracelof equal fellowship which has ever been
clanned as an inner fact in the republic of learning.
The gown uniforms a body of scholars, overcom-
ing the nondescript dress of any considerable number
nf men or women. On the score of economy it saves
many a young man or woman considerable expendi-
ture at the end ofa course, when there is the least
l- ft to spend, but when it is desirable to make the best
appearance. In colleges where gowns are worn
throughout the year, the plainest suits or dresses may
be worn beneath them.
GARDNER LTo'rRisl.l. LEONARD.
COTRELL at LEONA RD,
MAKERS OF CAPS AND GOWNS
. . TO THE AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES.
ILLUSTRATED TREATISE. ETC, FREE UPON APPLICATION.
NION AKRON CEMENT sets
The Strongest ST-Fi R cApAci-ry
Natural Hydraulic as OF WORKS
Cement Manufactured 2-000 BARPEI-S
in America. BRHND ONLY-
OFPICE. 16:1 ERIE STREET, BUFFALO, N. Y-
gym R v
l!!. A..' Ixxxlx ,,,,, , , A
TITLE wdlf, Af, ' ' 2,
X . ,rs li
el ft' ll
O I I
s Internatlonal D1CtlOn8ry
The New' "Unabridged."
It is the Standard of the U. S. Supreme Court, of the U. S.
Government Printing' Office, and of nearly all of tho Sehoolbooks.
It is warmly commended by every State Superintendent of Schools.
A Cnllf-ge fI'l'1-sldent wrltl-R : U For mu-me with which the
eye finds the word sought, for xtccnriwy of definition, for el'-
fective nxethmls in inillcuting pronunm-ixttlmi, for terse yet
umnprehensive stntmnentrx of facts, and for practical use
an it working dietlomu-y, 'Webster's International ' excels
any other single volume."
G. 8: C. Merriam Co., Publishers,
Springfield, Mass., U.S.A.
mar' Send for free pannphlvt containingepechnen payzvs illustrations, etc
mrlio nut buy cheap photographln repr nts ofthe Velrster of 1847.
REGENT LEVI LEWIS BARBOUR
OUR ALUMNUS BENEFACTOR,
THE EDITORS DEDICATE
THE 'NINETY-FIVE CASTALIAN.
I -14, W
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7" 54. x
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Among low heavy-fronded fern
A cool, pure fountaln, bubbllng wells.
Whose waters trlckle tbrough the dells
Wltb rnany a nolsy leap and turn
And tlnkllngs llke to sllver bells.
Flnd many a beartfree, barefoot glrl
Among the tall, dense grass doth stray
And In the rlIl's rich amber play.
'Wlth ruddy cheek and wlnd-tossed curl.
Wearing the rapld hours away.
O rnay such nappy-leaplng rllls
Of rnlrth and laughter flow wlthln
And glad our book wltb merry dln.
Resoundlng sweet from nestllng hllls
And to our own song-tbrlll akln.
Frank P. Daniels
The Song Tbatnls Heard.
There's seven that sing in the village choir,
But six of 'em might be missin',
And the song would go to heaven as sure
Where the angels are still to listen.
Seven singers there are in the village choir,
And all who look see seven?
Six voices are dead when the song reaches me,
So only one voice can reach heaven.
Strong and firm as a goodly stream
That along by its meadows rushes,
Her voice goes bearing my soul in a dreamg
Its very sounds seem hushes.
And further than ever my soul has been borne
From this earth towards thevBountiful Giver,
The might of that song has gone throbbing along
With never a start nor a quiver.
And so I am sure, if aught from this sphere
Reaches God who kindly 's a listenin',
lt's the song of our choir which starts the tear
.'l"hat down my old cheek goes a glistenin'!
'l'here's seven that sing in the village choir,
But six of 'em might be missin',
And the song would go to heaven as sure,
Where the angels are still to listen.
Regent Levi Lewis Barbour.
I-IE CASTALIAN has been pleased to request a sketch of a prominent
member of the present Board of Regents. The invitation conveys a
compliment by no means undervalued, and had it fallen to an accustomed pen,
there would have been little chanceffor hesitation. It is certainly true that
the writer's relations to the regent are such as to excite a desire to comply,
but even a sense of this friendly partiality serves to implant a tinge of diffidence.
But nothing being now left but submission, we may come directly to the
The purpose of this paper is to present a brief memoir of Honorable Levi
Lewis Barbour. His father, John Barbour, and his mother, Betsy Morton Bar-
bour, were residents of Monroe, in this State, in 1840, and their son was born
there in that year. The father though a life-long sufferer from ill health, was a
man of vigorous sense, marked business capacity and most winning manners.
He had too, a fine sense of humor. He was frequently chosen to offices of
trust, and in 1846 sat in the legislature through the session rendered memorable
by the sale of our railroads and the adoption of the last revision of our stat-
utes. He died in Detroit. The mother, now a venerable woman, is residing
with her son. Notwithstanding the infirmities which age has brought to a
frame never robust, her mind is as clear and her heart as tender and as much
alive to sympathy and charity as in the morning of her life, and this is saying
much. Born with an admirable understanding and blessed with many love-
able qualities, she has lived an example of the noblest type of American
womanhood. Surely our expectations would be strangely disappointed were
the son of such parents to go through life without making society thankful for
his having lived.
In 1841 the family removed to the vicinity of Battle Creek, and in 1843
the writer first saw the future regent. He was then in petticoats, and his
father brought him into church in his arms. His appearance at the time is
distinctly remembered, and the circumstance is not forgotten .that the solem-
nities of the surroundings were not quite sufficient to awe him into silence.
He volunteered to assist the service and proceeded to reinforce the choir.
Our noble school system during many tedious years was rather a scheme
upon paper than an actuality, and the splendid advantages now so bounte-
ously held out to Michigan's youth had no existence in the early years of Mr.
Barbour. There were some rude beginnings scattered here and there, and
occasional germs of sectarian foundations. The great University was slowly
emerging like the domes and pillars of a coral island, and it remained for our
early educators to appropriate the parts as they happened to appear, and be
thankful for so great a boon. The want of public accommodations was so
common that recourse was often necessary to private or select schools, as
they were called, and a course of preparation for the university meant a
H rough and tumble " hunt for sufficient learning to insure the student a wel-
come by a body of learned men at Ann Arbor, who were expected to supply a
university education without buildings or books or instruments or money.
Shortly before the close of the first half of the century, a new spirit seemed
to appear. The cause of education, which had well nigh slumbered for a time,
suddenly revived, and everywhere a general uprising was visible in favor of
schools and improved educational plans. This fresh impulse, so exhilarating
in its effects in other places, did not fail to reach Ann Arbor. The signs of
new life and rapid transformation were everywhere. But time was needed,
and the rapidity of the progress varied. Some places went fast and some
lagged behind. It was part of the experience of Mr. Barbour to be in the
current when the shoals had only begun to disappear. In making the most
of l1is opportunities he boxed the compass at Battle Creek and then passed
one winter at the Kalamazoo College. During intervals he recited to private
persons among his friends, and at one time had much assistance from I-Ion.
This vagrant method having been carried as far as was deemed wise,
he sought admission to the University and was allowed to enter. Such had
been his diligence under difficulties that his right was unquestioned. This was
in the fall of 1859. The great institution had made mighty strides in the few
years subsequent to the revival. He continued until 1863 and then graduated
in the literary department. Having previously determined to adopt the law
as a profession, and allured by the fame of the great masters who had already
lifted their branch of the University to national renown, he proceeded to enter
the iLaw Department. !iJThisUwasI'in the autumn of 1863, and though still
.,..-,, ,..,, ,,..,,,,,,,..,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,, ,,
engaged in the course, he was given admission to the bar in 1864 by the
Washtenaw Circuit Court. In the spring of 1865 he received his diploma at
the hands of Thomas McIntyre Cooley. In May of the same year he married
Miss Harriet E. Hooper of Ann Arbor, a lady not only respected but Cher-
ished wherever known. i
Very soon after his marriage he went to Europe, intending to stay long
enough to take some note of important methods and affairs which were for-
eign to him, and to gratify a long felt desire to see with his own eyes some of
the wonders and places to which his early reading had lent a perennial inter-
est. But this visit was cut short. In about ten months he was called back
by the severe illness of his father, and this interruption was protracted until
IS76. In that year he again crossed the ocean and remained for over twelve
months, and during this sojourn proceeded as far as might be to complete his
original design. .
After returning he adhered to a resolution long previously adopted to
make his home in Detroit, and in due season to go into practice there. Not
being ready, however, to set up an independent office, he engaged himself at
a salary with Judge Douglas and S. D. Miller, Esq., for about a yearg but
when this engagement was terminated he opened an office of his own, which
has been continued to the present time.
In running over the foregoing incidents and recalling the memories of
vanished years, the writer has pleasure in alluding to the fact that whilst Mr.
Barbour was keeping his chambers in Ann Arbor he passed some months in
the writer's otlice, and busied himself in clearing up difficulties which the
lecture-room had not wholly obliterated. The intercourse of that period is
recollected with the liveliest satisfaction, and the relish of it was too enjoyable
to permit itself to fade away amid the subsequent episodes of life. If the
writer felt at liberty to give rein to his own favorable impressions he would
take pleasure in saying many things which must at this time remain unspoken,
It is due to our friend to withhold now what might at a later time be as per-
missible as necessary. But some liberty must be taken now.
It was said of the greatest of Americans that "Providence made him
childless that the people might call him father," and most persons no doubt
have seen something deeper than fine sentiment in this exquisite expression,
The truest spirits require something- beyond themselves to love and struggle
for, and it seems to be a preference of Nature that children should be that
sollzvtkizzg. But there is a spring in the heart that cannot be dried, and it
will live on, even though this preference cannot be consulted. A country-
a great cause--a scheme of benevolence or charity or education is adopted,
and, such as it is, becomes the child of the otherwise childless. Mr. Barbour
has not been an exception to this example. For many years past he has
been a sagacious and untiring laborer for reform in our penal institutions, our
asylums, our poor-houses, and wherever else there were publici abuses to be
corrected in the interests of humanity. This service was not alluring to sor-
did natures, nor to the easy-going or pleasure loving. It would not pay, and
could inspire only the very opposite of gayety. It was often invidious and
most connnonly out of the genial sunlight of broad publicity. But the value
of it has been incommensurable, and the merciful effect may continue indef-
The cause of education has also felt a paternal care from the same quar-
ter. But on this topic it were needless to enlarge now. The deep and abid-
ing interest of Mr. Barbour in the glory of the University is known to all, and
it is also well known that he is not disposed to spare his own private fortune in
the race of his benevolence. A great number in the state with much ampler
possessions are not moved to spare fz1zyfhz'1zg'in this way. But the fact is of
record that he has lately pledged upon easy terms a property valued at from
EIi20,000 to 5525.000 to establish an nrt 'Q'Hff4'lj' at the University.
Before quitting this reference to his varied endeavors to make society
better and happier, it is only a debt to justice to recall a notable service for
Detroit. In the face of much contumely and the imputation of iniwortliy
motives, and against hostile schemes and other serious odds, he accomplished
the acquiremfznt by the city of her splendid Island Park. I-lad he faltered in
the least, or had he chosen to use his situation to "feather his own nest,"
Belle Isle would have been lost forever. Already it is a priceless gem set in
the silver waters of the strait. At what price would the present inhabitants
of Detroit consent to a surrender of this enchanting ground? How will it
be when another century has given its anticipated population and its prom-
ised lustre to the lovely city ?
The space allotted to this sketch has most likely been consumed, and yet
the writer would wish to append a few words in conclusion. And this parting
shot may be aimed at a leading phase of character. It was an utterance of Dr.
lohnson that a Illilll will please more upon the whole by 1zqg'a!z'r'cqualities
than by positive- that an acquiescent and complacent spirit that never antag-
onizes anybody is the one more likely to win than the opposite. Now it has
certainly been the fortune of Mr. Barbour to win friendship, esteem and favor
in all the w'-lks he has chosen to tread. True, he has never aspired to party
notoriety or party prestige, and so his capacity to. please in that field has
never been tested. But this is certain, that he could never be reckoned
among Dr. johnson's f7fL'l75l'llg' men. For a person more positive and out-
spoken cannot be foIInd. He judges for himself, and when occasion requires
does llOt hesitate to express his judgments in plain Anglo-Saxon. May we
not prefer MIQ B2l1'bOlI1',S example to Dr. johnson's postulate?
PROFESSOR HENRY S. CARHART
Professor Henry S. Corhort.
ENRY S. CARHART was born at Coeymans, Albany County, New
York, March 27, I844. His early life was spent on his father's farm
and the educational facilities afforded were confined to the district school.
Naturally of an ingenious and mechanical turn of mind, the young physicist
found little to his taste in farm life except in so far as it afforded an
opportunity for the use of tools or the management of machinery. His
fondness for books and the example of an older brother preparing for college
easily gave a scholarly bent to a mind already so inclined. Obliged by neces-
sity to depend entirely upon his own efforts in his preparation for college, we
find him at sixteen installed as teacher of the district school near his home,
and filled with the desire for a collegiate education. The following summer
he worked as usual upon the farm, where his readiness in the use of tools
rendered him a valued assistant. A picket fence about the old homestead,
built by him in his seventeenth year, still stands, an upright witness to his
careful skill and thorough workmanship.
After two years of district school in winter and work on the farm in sum-
mer, he spent a year in the Hudson River Institute, at Claverack, in preparation
for college. The next year he was in charge of a Quaker school for boys in a
Small town near Poughkeepsie, where he earned sufficient money to enable
him to complete his preparation at Claverack. Having read thenecessary
G'reek in'a single year, and completed the' Latin and Mathematics in a little
over two years, he was examined and admitted to Yale College in l865., The
succeeding autumn, however, he decided to enter the Wesleyan University at
Middletown, Connecticut, from which he graduated as valedictorian of his
class in 1869. After graduation he taught Latin for two years at Claverack.
At the end of that time he decided to try for something better, and, although
strongly dissuaded by the same man who had urged him to go to college, he
resigned and entered the Yale Divinity School. This year was a period of
transition 5 the charms of the classics and theology were balanced against the
attractions of scientific study and research, the powerful infiuence of Professor
Whitney, with whom he studied German, the nearness of the Sheffield Scien-
tific School, and his uniform success in teaching, all served to turn his mind
toward teaching as a profession, and the choice of his life work was made.
, In 1872, Mr. Carhart was called to the Northwestern University at
Evanston, the first year as instructor, the following year as Professor of
Physics. Here he remained for fourteen years. During this time the equip-
ment for teaching the Physical sciences at Northwestern, rose rapidly from a
meagre collection of useless apparatus, to the completion of a magnificent
laboratory carefully planned and liberally furnished throughout. This was a
period of remarkable development i11 the scientific world at large, electricity
advanced with giant strides, the telephone, the microphone, the dynamo and
the electric light followed each other in quick succession, like the glittering
pageantry of a dream, and the public were eager to hear and know of the last
new thing. Professor Carhart was one of the most enthusiastic explorers in
this new domain of science, and in response to urgent appeals, delivered
popular scientific lectures i11 many cities, including Minneapolis, Milwaukee,
Evanston, Chicago and New York.
In I876 he was married to Miss Ellen M. Soule, at that time Dean of the
Woman's College of the Northwestern University, and Professor of the French
Language and Literature. To the enthusiasm, inspiration, and sympathetic
encouragement of this gifted and cultured woman he owes much of his best
In 1881 he was granted leave of absence for a year's study abroad. After
attending the Paris Exposition of Electricity as one of the International jury
of Awards for the United States, he spent the greater part of his time in study
and research in the University of Berlin. Here he came under the personal
instruction of Professor von Helmholtz, at whose suggestion he undertook the
investigation of the relation between the electro-motive force of a Daniell cell
and the density of the included zinc sulphate solution, The investigation was
so thorough and the results so important as to command notice in all the
leading scientific publications of Europe, and the values are found in tables
of physical constants today. An immediate result of this year's work was the
development of the Carhart-Clark Standard Cell. to the perfection of which
he has given years of patient study. This cell, which is a modification of the
form originally proposed by Latimer Clark, is in many respects the most
accurate and reliable standand of electro-motive force known, and is now used
in all the important physical laboratories in the United States.
On accepting the appointment to the Professorship of Physics in the
University of Michigan in 1886, Professor Carhart entered actively upon the
reorganization of the department. The small outfit of antiquated apparatus
and the narrow accommodations afforded upon the fourth floor of the main
building, were soon replaced by commodious quarters in a new laboratory and
modern instruments of accuracy and precision. Laboratory work in Physics
became a reality and the subject acquired an added interest from actual
contact with the phenomena described. The departmentof electrical engi-
neering, organized to meet the increasing demand for work in this branch of
Science, has risen so rapidly in rank and importance that today the crowded
laboratories and lecture room render increased accommodations an imperative
Professor Carhart has made numerous valuable contributions to current
Scientific literature. Not to mention in detail his various articles appearing
from time to time in the fl7llL'l'Z'L'!Zll fourmz! ey' Sciwzcc, The Pkz'!os0j20z'ca!
Magasz'1zc, The Physica! Rczfiew, and the English and American electrical
journals, the following are a 'few of the subjects to which he 'has given special
study: Relation between the Electro-motive Force of a Daniell Cell and the
Strength of the Zinc Sulphate Solutiong Relation between Direct and Counter
Electro-motive Forces represented by an Hyperbolag On Surface Transmis-
sion of Electrical Dischargesg An Improved Standard Clark Cell with Low
Temperature-Coefficient, A One Volt Standard Cellg Theory and Design of
the Closed Coil,iConstant Current Dynamog The Electrical Conductivity of
Copper as Affected by the Surrounding Medium. In more general lines he
has also written valuable papers. His address as Vice President of Section B.
Of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, delivered before
the Section of Physics in 1889, is a noteworthy review of the existing know-
ledge touching electrical phenomena, and contrasts sharply the present
methods of scientific investigation with the vague speculations and theories
So prevalent in the past.
As the natural outgrowth of his extended researches on the standard cell,
he published in 1891, a work on Primary Batteries, presenting in a concise and
lucid form not only the valuable results of personal investigation, but the
Widely scattered literature of the subject. Some idea of the importance of
the work may be gained from the fact that it is the acknowledged authority on
the subject both in America and England, and that it has recently been trans-
lated into German. He has also published Elements of Physics, QCarhart and
Chutej 1893, University Physics, Part I, 1894, and has now in press a work
on Electrical Measurements which will appear during the present year. The
new edition of Johnsons Encyclopedia will contain articles from Professor
Carhart on Electric Lamps, Electric Potential, Thermal Electricity, Units,
and WVattmeters. As a writer he has the happy faculty of stating scientific
facts clearly, brieliy and accurately. His books are concise and teachable.
Professor Carhart has been repeatedly honored hy learned bodies both at
hon1e and abroad. In ISQZ, while in attendance at the meeting of the British
Association in Edinburgh, he was invited, together with von Helmholtz and
Guillaume, to sit as visiting member with the famous connnittee on units.
In june, ISQ3, he received the honorary degree of LL. D. from his Alma
Mater, Wesleyan University. He was one of the five official delegates repre-
senting the United States, appointed by Secretary Gresham to the Interna-
tional Electrical Congress held at Chicago in 1893. From this body of
international delegates, a committee of three, consisting of Professor von
Helmholtz of iBerlin, Professor Ayrton of London, and Professor Carhart, was
appointed to prepare specifications for the Standard Clark Cell, their report
to be adopted as the legal usage in the scientific and commercial world. He
was chosen President of the Committee of judges for the Department of
Electricity at the World's Columbian Exposition, a position of peculiar
importance and responsibility, and to the performance of the delicate and
arduous duties appertaining thereto he showed himself remarkably well
adapted. He delivered the principal address at the opening of the new scien-
tific building in the University of Colorado on the seventh of March, 1895.
As a teacher in his favorite science Professor Carhart is characterized by
clearness, accuracy and intense earnestness of purpose. As a lecturer and
experimenter he has few equals. His experiments succeed g-a statement best
appreciated, perhaps, by those who know how easy it is to arrange experiments
that shall fail. In every experiment there are, besides the underlying princi-
ple, the nameless minutiae whose thorough comprehension is vital to success.
His experiments succeed because he does not rest until these minute details
are not only known, but under control, and success, like genius, comes at last
to mean, "an immense capacity for taking pains," JOHN O. REED,
Health and Hope.
The air is thick with blinding snow,
And wild the wintry weather, --
liut what care l
l"or lowering sky
With health and hope together.
Though north winds blow the drifting snow
Glad hearts make gladsoinc weather,
A happy pair,
.X well-matched pair,
Are health and hope together.
There's joy so high in the whitened sky,
As the snow-flakes dance together,
How they whirl and fly
And Hit swiftly by,
Like youth and hope together.
Through frosty years with slivery snows,
Our heads will soon be hidingg
Time cannot chill
The hearts that still
Keep youth and hope abiding.
OFESSOR FRED MANVILLE TAYLOR,
Professor Fred Manville Taylor, Ph. D.
HE subject of this sketch was born july 1 1, 1855, at Northville, Wayne
County,'Michigan. His parents were both of New England stock,
descendants of families that settled in Connecticut several generations ago.
They are to be numbered among Michigan's pioneers, for they came here in
the third decade of the century, while Michigan was yet in the territorial stage.
The death of his mother when he was scarcely two years old left Mr.
Taylor to the care of his maternal aunt, and the first eleven years of his life
were spent in the home of his birth. Here he received instruction in a select
school and for a portion of the time attended the school of the village. The
remarriage of his father brought the family again together, and Mr, Taylor
Spent two years in Houghton, to which charge his father, a Methodist minis-
ter, had been appointed. He gave his attention mainly to the ancient lan-
guages during his sojourn, studying Latin and beginning Greek in the High
School. At the expiration of the customary three years of residence as pastor,
Rev. Mr. Taylor moved with his family to Mt. Clemens, and here the son
Completed his college preparation.
In 1872 he entered upon the classical course in Northwestern University.
A natural fondness for mathematical and philosophical study soon revealed
itself, and the enlarged opportunities offered, encouraged the gratification of
his tastes. It was not long before Mr. Taylor was recognized as easily pre-
eminent in these lines. He entered with ardor into the varied college con-
tests. His vigorous style of speaking and writing served him in good stead
and gained him many honors.
The Intercollegiate Literary Association suggested by Colonel Higginson
in 1873, through the columns of Scribner's Monthly, admitted North-
western University as the only western institution in january, 1876. The
Contest of the succeeding fall included representatives from Cornell, Brown,
Princeton, Bowdoin, Wesleyan, and other colleges. Mr. Taylor's recognized
ability led him to be chosen to represent Northwestern in mental science and
in essay writing. The wisdom of this choice was demonstrated when Mr.
Taylor took first prize in essay writing and second in metaphysics.
His interest in athletics and in general physical training was marked,
and a students' movement which culminated in the erection of a gymnasium
in 1876, found him at its head.
He was graduated in 1876 and after a year of high school teaching at
Wiiinetka, Illinois, spent some time in rest and biological study at Northville,
Michigan. The fall of 1878 was devoted to district school teaching, and in
the following spring and summer he returned to his philosophical studies
under the direction of Dr, Cocker, of the University of Michigan. An expo-
sition of Kant's Critique of Pure Reason secured for him the degree of Master
of Arts from Northwestern in 1878. '
The following fall he was called to the chair of History and Belles Let-
tres in Albion College, which he held without change for three years. He
was then relieved of the English work and turned his attention to politics and
economics. Mr. Taylor devoted the summer of 1882 to European travel.
Upon leave of absence in the fall of 1884 he went to johns Hopkins Univer-
sity and carried on investigations in politics and economics. During 1886-87
and 1887-88, while still at Albion, he pursued graduate work in philosophy,
economics and history in the University of Michigan, and the degree of Doctor
of Philosophy was conferred upon him in june, 1888.
The most hearty praise of Mr. Taylor's thirteen years' work at Albion
will only comply with the demands of simple justice. The department of
History and Politics, which did not exist when he began his work, was his
own creation, and the course of study laid down by him will compare favorably
in strength and efficiency at present with those of much larger and better
known institutions. His success as a teacher was marked. Those who came
under his intiuence were aroused by his intense earnestness and captivated by
his brilliant mental powers, and the impression which he made as an instructor
will undoubtedly be a lasting one, The institution of which he for so long
formed a part owes much to his wholesome influence. To him is to be
accorded a goodly portion of the credit for the advancement of the school
along liberal and progressive lines. Hardly a matter of general policy was
inaugurated during his incumbency in which his intellectual strength and
good judgment did not accord him a leading position, and he was always
active both in shaping and executing projects of reform. ,
Mr. Taylor also took a lively interest in municipal affairs, His alder-
manic career was an interesting one. While he was in the council the liquor
question was uppermost. The liquor laws were being openly violated and
it was necessary for lovers of good government to take a determined stand.
He assumed personal direction of the movement and was so far successful as
to secure the active co-operation of the saloon-keepers in the enforcement of
the liquor laws. When he left Albion the city lost a conscientious officer and
an earnest opponent of every form of corruption.
f P f ssor Adams in Washington the first semester
During the absence o ro e U
of 1890-91, Mr. Taylor was made acting head of the department of economics
of the University of Michigan. His vigorous and effective teaching gained
recognition, and upon a reorganization of the department in 1892, the Uni-
versity was so fortunate as to secure his services permanently. He was
appointed Assistant Professor of Political Economy and Finance, and one
year later was made junior Professor.
Professor Taylor's contributions to literature, though few, have always
commanded immediate attention. His style is trenchant. His productions
evince wide mental grasp, remarkable logical skill, and an unusual power of
close and long-continued reasoning. His judgments are careful and conserva-
tive. His most notable contributions are his doctor's thesis upon "The Right
Of the State to Be," and a complementary essay on " The Law of Nature"
published in the Annals of the American Academy of Social and Political
Science, in April, ISQI, These received very flattering notice, and Professor
Taylor has been urged to carry out what has been a long cherished plan, not
yet entirely abandoned, of pushing his investigations farther and embodying
his ideas in a volume.
On the questions of the day, Mr. Taylor has always been frank and out-
Spoken. In his tariff views he follows the List theory of moderate protection
as a provisional and preparatory stage in a nation's industrial development.
He is a very ardent advocate of the single gold standard as a solution of the
money question. Bimetallism as a temporary measure is economically possi-
ble but politically it is impossible. To meet the demands of elasticity, he
advocates the issuance of most of the paper money by the banks. The
Socialistic movements have met with but little sympathy from him. He takes
the ground that a !az'sse.:-fnz'1'e policy is to be followed generally, and all
departures from it demand justification. He defends the prevailing order of
society while -recognizing that as time goes on the extreme rights of private
property will probably be limited, and governmental functions will increase.
Since his coming to the University of Michigan, Mr. Taylor's mental attitude
has experienced an interesting change. From an uncompromising devotion
to the abstract and deductive method of reasoning, he has through his studies
developed a tolerance for statistical investigation, and in some lines concrete
research work has met his decided approval. The paper recently read before
the Michigan Political Science Association upon " Currency Reform in the
United States," is an evidence of this change, showing as it does painstaking
historical investigation upon the question of elasticity of paper money.
His work in the interest of the Michigan Political Science Association can-
not be overlooked. He was largely responsible for the idea at the beginning,
and his disinterested labors as secretary of the organization during the first
two years of its existence should receive the recognition which they deserve.
While the association has not, perhaps, followed the scientific line which Mr.
Taylor had hoped for at its inception, yet the position which it has assumed
as a permanent factor in the intellectual life of the state and as a medium for
the expression- of thought upon social and industrial questions, is in great
measure due to his arduous labors in its behalf.
FRANK H. DIXON.
Ebb and Flow.
Slow away with a mournful ebb,
Hearing wrecks of a happy past,
Goeth the faithless, the fickle wave
Into the gulf of the waters vast.
Back again with a swelling surge,
Hiding wreck in the waves that roll:-
So is the tide that the ocean sends,
So is the tide of the feeling soul.
HICNRN' R. Km.l.occ.
One pleasant summer day a little girl
Was straying through a meadow. She was happy,
Her hair was golden, and she loved the meadow
With its sweet purple bloom, nor feared the bees
That ever buzzed so merrily around her.
She thought the kisses of their odorous life
Gave perfume to the clover and the flowers.
There in the meadow was one sunny hill
To which she often came, as now, for from it
Ever so far away she could behold
A beautiful city's towers and dream-hung domes,
And faint afar fair fields and haze-dimmed forests
Resting half-hidden there against the sky.
Many a vale and low hill lay between
O'er which the little girl had often wished
To wander to that city and be happy.
But now as she was gazing in the distance,
She saw alight upon a clover blossom
The fairest butterfly that she had seen.
She hastened thither, but now as she bent
Over the flower with hand upraised to seize it,
Still farther down the sunny hill it flew,
And thus by ever alighting and Hitting on,
It lured the little girl beyond the meadow.
Into lull-nestled valleys through which ran
Silvery threads of tiny streams, they came.
Then climbing little hills, they reached a plain
Sunny and sloping ever toward the city.
For many an hour they wandered on and found itg
And as she entered through the gate of pearl,
It closed with peaceful murmur after her,
And never those at home again beheld her,
Yetlknew that she was happier than with them.
FRANK P. DANIELS
V' - ler
MAX WINKLER. ELNIER ADELBERT LYMAN.
EARLE WILBUR DOW. GEORGE REBEC.
Elmer Adelbert Lyman.
LMER ADELBERT LYMAN, Instructor in ltfathematics in the Uni-
versity of Michigan, was born july 26, 1861, at Manchester, Vermont.
When he was only three years of age his parents moved to the west, and after
several changes of residence in different states, finally settled on a farm near
Kendallville, Indiana, so that Mr. Lyman, 'though by birth a New Englander,
has ever since his early childhood been under the influence of western modes
of life and western ideas.
His preparation for college he obtained at the Kendallville High School,
and after his graduation cafne to Ann Arbor. He pursued his collegiate
work without interruption and graduated with the class of '86, receiving the
degree A. B.
Since the time of his graduation, Mr. Lyman has been actively engaged
in teaching. He was successively principal of the High School of Paola,
Kansas, '86-'87, and Troy, Ohio, '87-'90, and during this time made frequent
contributions to pedagogical journals, having charge of the Mathematical
Section of an Ohio School journal, and published a series of exercises on
Geometry. In this time falls also his marriage to Miss Effie E. Polhamus.
In ISQO, Mr. Lyman received an appointment as instructor in mathe-
matics at the University, for which position he was well qualified. This
position he still occupies, and has proven his fitness for the same by the
evident success attending his work, a success due to his qualities both asa
man and as a teacher. His practical turn of mind led Mr. Lyman to become
the prime mover in establishing the University Summer School, a project the
feasibility of which has been evidenced by the success attending its first session
in '94, and the permanent establishment of the same bythe Board of Regents.
What spare time a hardworked instructor in mathematics has at his disposal,
Mr. Lyman is giving to advanced work in his department and to astronomy,
and with pleasure looks forward to a trip abroad for further advancement and
greater usefulness in his chosen profession.
, 11. H. lVlENSlil..
R. WINKLER, Senior Instructor in German in the University, was born
at Krakau, Austria, September 4, 1866. Since 1879, however, when
his parents came to America, his home has been in Cincinnati, Ohio, and his
studies have been carried on principally in American institutions. He was
graduated from the Hughes High School of Cincinnati in 1885, receiving at
the time the Sinton Medal for General Scholarship, and in the fall of the same
year he entered Harvard College, where he devoted himself particularly to
modern languages, but studied also more extensively than most, philosophy,
history and Greek. In 1888 he became a member of the Harvard chapter of
Phi Beta Kappa. In june, 1889, he finished his course at Cambridge, lead-
ing his class in general scholarship, receiving the bachelor's degree summzz
mm laude, and being awarded " Highest Honors in Modern Languages."
The fall of 1889 Dr. Winkler went to the University of Kansas as Assist-
aut Professor of French and German, but a year later he resigned this posi-
tion to come to Ann Arbor as Instructor in German, and except for a year of
study in the University of Berlin, 1892-93, his work here has been uninter-
rupted. In June 1892, he received from this University his Ph. D., the
subject of his thesis being "The Sources of the Dramas of Lenz." As would
naturally be expected from his great interest in philosophy, and as the nature
of his elective courses in the University as well as what he has contributed,
especially to "Modern Language Notes," shows, Dr. Winkler's studies in Ger-
man are rather literary than philological. His interest is in the critical
interpretation of literature rather than ,in linguistics. At present he is pre-
paring an edition of Lessing's "Emilia Galotti," with extended critical and
historical introduction and notes, for Heath's "Modern Language Series."
Two papers, "The Aesthetics of Schiller" and "The Aesthetics of Goethe,"
which he has read before the University Philosophical Society, may be ment-
tioned as having been of more than ordinaryinterest and as indicating further
the bent of his mind.
A warm friend could add much to the foregoing, but out of regard for
the preferences of Dr. Winkler he has limited himself to this mere record of
facts. A. H. L.
EORGE REBEC was born in Tuscola, a small village of Michigan, in
1868. His parents, who are native Bohemians, came to this country
when they were comparatively young. He grew up in Saginaw, E. S., and
received his schooling in that city, graduating from the High School in 1885.
During even these early years of his life, the aspirations, doubts and longings
of his religious nature produced a bent of mind toward Philosophy, which he
seems to have had before coming to the University.
The two years following his graduation from the High School were passed
in teaching in Saginaw, the first year as teacher of English and Latin in the
High School, and the second as principal of one of the city schools. During
this time he studied very hard, to the detriment of his health. In the fall of
1387, he came to the University and after four years was graduated in 1891,
having "incidentally " fulfilled the requirements of the Ph. B. degree. "Inci-
dentallyf' he says, for Philosophy
thoroughly whatever work he undertook.
The two years following his graduation he was Instructor in English in
the University of Michigan. This, however, was not altogether to his liking,
50 he gave up the position in order to study Philosophy in Germany.
Before leaving this country, in the summer of 1893, he married Miss Elise
Sofge' They spent the greater part of the following year at Strassburg, where
Mr. Rebec studied Philosophy under Windelband and Ziegler. During the
Vacations they traveled in various parts of Germany and in Switzerland.
In the summer of 1894, he was appoin
Alma Mater, and he is now engaged in teaching in the Philosophical depart-
was his main study, but he did well and
ted Instructor of Philosophy in his
ment, his chosen field of work.
joszrn L. MARKLEY.
' Earle Wilbur Dow.
HE SENIOR instructor inthe departinent of history, Earle Wilb111' Dow,
was horn at liellefontaine, Ohio, April 28, 1868. Coming to Ann
Arbor to complete his preparation for college, he spent one year i11 the High
School and then entered the University in thc full of ISS7 as a candidate for
the A. B. degree. While doing the required work for this degree, he special-
ized in history and political econoiny. Finishing the college course at the
end of the lirst semester of his senior year, he spent 'the second semester
teaching in the Manistee High School.
After receiving his degree with the class of 'QI, he decided to go into
journalism, and for some months resided at Warren, Ohio, where he had
a half interest in the Warren T1'z'bu1zc'. Being dissatisfied with this under-
talciiig, Mr. Dow decided to resume teaching, and in the spring of 1892 he
Went back to his old position in Manistee. I
The next fall he was given a position in the Grand Rapids High School,
from which he was called at the end of some six weeks, to his present duties.
His teaching here needs but little comment. His usual perseverance has
characterized it and many are the students who feel indebted to him for
a clear and logical development of historical subjects and for systematic
methods of instruction. Mr. Dow's success has been unquestioned and a
scholarly CZll'CCI' is before hiin.
jo11N R. E1f1f1Nc.E1:, Jn.
An Evening's Revelry.
EW YEARS EVE was the only time in the year when the minister's
children were allowed to stay up at all late, and it was a scene of wild
revelry. I do not think that the most sumptuous of festivities-the most
Bacchanalian of orgies since Kif such there have beenj have ever had quite the
smack and gusto of those nights of glee. It was the occasion of the annual
donation party, which came around as regularly as the annual deficit in the
Not a little preparation was necessary to provide lights for the dark
corners of the rambling old parsonage and arrange chairs for all the guests,
S0 that doubtless the minister's wife looked upon the event with less unmixed
delight than the children. For them, however, it was bliss unspeakable to be
crowned by a heightened rapture when the pantry-shelves were viewed the
next morning. Shelves lined with loaves of untouched cakes of all varieties,
platters of cold meat, jars of biscuits, and, special providence of the children,
a large pan full of broken pieces of cake, a feast for days to come. A load of
wood, too, just outside the back door,-a bag of oats, perhaps, left in the
bin. That was donation.
One's hair had to be dampened and braided very tight the night before to
bring it to the proper state of crimpiness when it was adorned with a bow on
top. Toward night a feeling of breathless expectancy prevailed, but at last,
to Sager eyes peering forth through the darkness, figures were seen coming
down the long walk which led from the gate, bordered with hemlocks and
maples. Teams drove over the bridge and down into the yard. It had begun.
Each part of the parsonage presented a different scene, and was always
appropriated each year by the same class of occupants. The pastor's study
Was at the extremity of a wing, and only to be reached by a long route
through the back hall, lined with barrels and tubs, past the grewsomely dark
Wood-house and a ladder leading to a loft overhead, and through another
l7SS21geway. Here was the haunt of the small boy, supreme in his might,
lllld the ministers sermons must have shuddered with horror at the pranks
there committed. The kitchen was given over to the housewives who bustled
tO and fro, in and out from the pantry, carving meat, spreading biscuit, cut-
ting cake with lavish hand. Every now and then a new comer would whisk
ill bearing a mysterously enveloped bundle which disclosed to admiring eyes a
new creation in frosting. Later in the evening the clatter of dishes resounded
when the long table was set forth in all its glory. i
In the parlors sat the older people,-men and women who had in their
faces a sincerity and self-reliance strengthened by a life of hardship. And
yet, as memory pictures them, there was a sadness, a hopelessness in their
look as though seeing something slip from them which they could not hinder.
It is the saddest, cruelest thing on earth, and one which we of New England
villages know too well, to see the town one loves dying, drained of its life-
blood by that dragon which lurks in cities and crowded thoroughfares, sucking
young life in at the ever yawning maw.
The rooms up-stairs were occupied by the young people of various ages,
occasionally visited by raids from the wild inmates of the distant wing. And
among them all' ran the little girls with crimped hair, teased beyond
endurance by the savages of the study, ordered out of the kitchen and
dining room, snubbed by the older girls and boys, but having a beautiful
time withal, until tired and sleepy, they were put to rest on the bed till eat-
When that arrived, the folding doors between the parlor and dining-
room were thrown open, the minister asked the blessing, and the first delega-
tion fell to, while the others awaited their turn. It was part of childhood
etiquette not to refuse anything that was passed, and that was the most
delightful of all,-to have one's plate heaped up with pickles and cake with a
glass of water balanced on the edge, though the best seat was cross-legged
on the Hoor. At the end a bowl was passed around for collection while the
minister's family tried to look unconscious.
After that, the excitement waxed fervent, though there was a feeling
prevalent that the goal had been passed, and nothing remained to be done,
Once, one of the men stepped forward and presented the minister with a lap-
robe, a gift from his friends, and the minister pulled his wife down on one
arm of his chair and the little girl on the other, to show how it would look
when he drove over the hills in his cutter. y
As the time drew near for the old year to die, the young people gathered
around the piano and sang while the minister's wife played, and just as the
hour-hand pointed to twelve, she struck the first note of the Doxology,
and it rang out: " Praise God from whom all blessings How."
Not long after this the men went out to get the horses, the women
gathered up their baskets and dishes, drowsy children were collected from
out-of-the-way corners 3 the last team passed over the bridge, the gate clicked
farewell, and the donation was over.
Education in Chino.
Employ the Abit' and Prowole Mc lfV01'!ky.-C0z'1za.u' Szzgv.
N no country is the pursuit of letters more honored than in China. It is
even regarded as a meritoriouslact to employ men to collect from city
Streets stray scraps of paper upon which the character has been written, that
these deeply venerated symbols of learning be not brought to base uses.
Unfortunately of the forms of education approved by us, the Chinese have no
At about the age of seven the education of a Chinese child begins, and at
this age the weary little brain must take its first lessons in the complicated
rules of etiquette which govern every relation of life. It is laid down in the
P1'iI1Cipal manual for the training of children that at seven the sexes should
be separated and brother and sister should not be allowed to " sit on the same
mat or eat from the same table." At the age of thirteen the boys must study
music and poetry, and at fifteen "archery and charioteeringn should engage
their attention. They are enjoined to be truthful-with a mental reservation
thoroughly understood and acted upon in favor of lying when expedient. Of
the numerous other rules for the governance of conduct, all are commendable,
Hlld those at least concerning formal etiquette are taken to heart and form
the basis of all social intercourse.
At about the age of ten the child joins a day school and his studies proper
begin. He is given a new name, called his "book name," which goes with
him through life. The working hours are appalling. The children assemble
flf the school at sunrise, and after saluting the tablet to Confucius which stands
lll the school room, they work until ten, and after an hour's intermission for
breakfast until five in the evening. The primer ,universally employed is
liuown in English by the sonorous title of Trimetrical Classic. It was written
111 the eleventh century in verse, and begins as follows:
jen chih tzu, hsing pen Shen g
Hsing hsiang chin, shili hsiang yuen, etc., etc.
Dr. Williams renders as follows the first few stanzas:
Men at their birth, are by nature radically good,
Though alike in this, in practice they widely diverge.
If not educated, the natural character grows worse,
A course of education is made valuable by close attention.
Gf old, Mencius' mother selected a residence,
And when her son did not learn, cut out the fhalf wovej web.
And so on through many lines. There are numerous beautiful and excellent
precepts in this labor production, but it can scarcely be considered an exhiler-
ating work to place in the hands of one of tender years or as tending to incite
further efforts. However, for the peace of the tender-hearted it may be men-
tioned that the children make no effort to understand why the mother of
Mencius should cut the half wove web, or many other parts of the first reader.
They stand before the teacher, who gives them the sounds of the characters,
with which of course they are not familiar, one by one, and causes these
sounds to be repeated until the scholars can enunciate them correctly and
can recognize the characters. Then the pupil retires to his desk and learns
to repeat day by day so much as is assigned to him. As soon as he feels
competent to give his lesson by rote, he advances to the teacher's desk, hands
up his book, and standing with his back to the teacher repeats what he has
learned, and thus eventually repeats the entire classic. This is called "Back-
ing" his lesson, and is, like so many other things Chinese, a curious reversal of
our system. Another peculiarity is that each scholar studies in aloud sing
song voice, to the annoyance of no one except the foreign intruder, whose
sense of the proprieties it so singularly shocks. A Chinese school may fre-
quently be heard throughout every part of a good sized village.
The Classic next deals with some ascertained facts:
There are three powers--heaven, earth, and man.
There are three lights-the sun, moon, and stars.
There are three bonds-between prince and minister, justice,
Between father and son, affection, between man and wife, concord.
Humanity, justice, propriety, wisdom, and truth.
These five cardinal virtues are not to be confused.
And much more of the same kind follows, all, as must be seen, of an improving
and elevating tendency. The stilted diction deprives the work according to
our ideas of the charm it possesses for the educated Chinarnan.
The book concludes with stronger exhortations to diligence, enforced by
the example of worthy youths of antiquity whose methods are here illustrated.
And we trust that the suggestions herein contained may be found of value to
the students of this great University in the pursuit of their studies.
One copied lessons on reeds, another on slips of bamboo,
These, though without books, eagerly sought knowledge.
To vanquish sleep one tied his head by the hair to a beam, and
another pierced his thigh with an awl,
One read by the glow-worm's light, and another by reflection
One carried faggots, and another tied his books to a cow's horn,
and while engaged in labor, studied with intensity.
Having absorbed the wisdom of the Trimetrical Classic, the student next
proceeds to familiarize himself with a list of Chinese family names under the
title of the Century of Surnames. The object of this study, is to acquaint the
Scholar with the 250 characters in use as surnames. Many characters have
identical sounds, but only a limited number are employed as surnames, and
to use the wrong character in addressing a man shows gross lack of breeding.
Every gentleman should be :zu fail in such matters, for they are points of
great nicety in Chinese etiquette.
The thousand character Classic follows. It is a work unique in this
regard, that it consists of 1,000 characters, no two of which are identical,
either in sense or sound. It mainly consists of moral precepts, as does the
next text book of " Odes."
These and the several works on Filial Piety, moral duties, etc., which
close the series are a queer mixture of inconsequential nonsense and real
Wisdom. None treat of the exact sciences, and none have any educational
value except as a training for the memory. The object of the training given,
Particularly in the classical lore of which we have yet to speak, is to perfect
the student in the difficult art of composition according to the models laid
d0Wl1 Of Old. He who conforms most nearly to these time honored standards
and quotes most learnedly and aptly from the sages of antiquity is he upon
WhOm the mantle of success must surely fall. Originality is not only not
desired, but is an absolute bar to the attainment of a degree. The gentle art
of P0CSy is also in high esteem, and at the higher literary examinations for
Office poetical themes are regularly set. Among the gentry of' China extem-
poraneous versification is an accomplishment frequently practiced among the
guests at banquets and social gatherings.
The subject of the Chinese classic, which next engages the much laboring
student is entirely too wide and too deep to be touched upon here. Their
elucidation and commentary have engrossed the attention of the best minds
in China for hundreds of years, and ever since they have been known to the
western world the great foreign lights of sinology have addressed themselves
to their study. It is from. these classics that the themes in all the examina-
tions are taken, themes which seem to us ridiculously inadequate to test the
capacity of statesmanship of candidates for public office. It must be remem-
bered, however, that the study of these classics is i11 fact in a certain sense an
admirable preparation for an official under the theoretically paternal form of
government which has sufficed for China's needs during untold centuries.
The following are some of the themes upon which the students of Canton
tried their powers at one of the triennial examinations: '-Tsang Tsz said,
'To possess ability, and yet ask of those who do notg to know much and yet
inquire of those who know little, to possess and yet appear not to possess,
to be full and yet appear empty."' " He took hold of things by the two
extremes, and in his treatment of the people maintained the golden medium."
"A man from his youth studies eight principles, and when he arrives at man-
hood, he wishes to reduce them to practice." The poetical thesis was
upon " The sound of the oar, and the green of the hills and water." Others
more practical were: "In carrying out benevolence there are no rules."
" He who is sincere will be intelligent, and the intelligent man will be faith-
Williams strikingly illustrates the effects of such a system of education,
so slavishly adherent to venerated usages, "making the intellects of Chinese
students like the trees which their gardeners toilsomely dwarf into pots and
jars-plants whose unnaturalness is congruous to the insipidity of their fruit."
Amid so much that is corrupt and evil in the Chinese administration, it is
refreshing to turn to the literary examinations for office, where alone in the
entire government absolute honesty prevails fin theory at leastj and the prizes
are awarded to those found most worthy to receive them. From timelimme-
morial these examinations have been the sole legitimate door to official prefer-
ment, and so jealously is their perfect impartiality guarded that not many years
since one of the supreme examiners at Peking, an 'official second to 'none in
the realm, lost his head through a detected attempt at corruption. It is to
be deeply regretted by all well wishers of China that this earnest solicitude to
Secure impartiality in the provincial and metropolitan examinations must be
mentioned as one of the strange contradictions of this singular people. Cor-
fUPfi0n and official malfeasance run riot after the goal is won, the office
SCCured, and government and people acquiesce as in a necessary evil.
The examinations are open to all with the exception of actors, execution-
crs, lictors, and menial servants connected with public offices, jailors and
keePe1'S Of prisons, and barbers--they and their posterity for three generations
are P1'Oscribed and forbidden to compete. X Nor may any candidate enter the
examination hall within the period, generally three years, allotted for mourn-
mg, in case of the death of either parent. If any student is discovered in
Such illegal competition he is degraded, and the Literary Chancellor may
regard himself as fortunate if he escapes a similar punishment.
Long and patient study and the severest of mental tests are necessary
before the aspirant is entitled to call himself either an official concummate or
eXPCCtant. The number of offices vacant being rarely equal to the outturn
of graduates from the final examination, those not receiving immediate
aPPOintment are dubbed "Expectant Magistrate" or "Expected Prefects,"
GFC-, and cherish this honorary shadow until the substance is awarded them.
'I he first rung in the ladder to office and emoluments is the examination action
held in the chief city of the,candidate's prefecture. This is held once in two
years by the Literary Chancellor traveling on circuit. It is marked by
extreme rigor but is trifiing in comparison with those that follow. The candi-
dates upon entering the examination hall are carefully searched for any pre-
Pflfed essay or other fraudulent aid which they may be surreptiously intro-
ducing, and if such be discovered the guilty candidates name is removed from
the lists. They are assembled in one room in the presence of qualified
Officials, guards are posted over each door, and as a final precaution the doors
and Windows are then sealed with paper. The theme, for the examination
C ' . . . .
0US1Sts of a single essay on some passage in the classics, is then announced
a , . - . . - - .
Hd the anxious contestants give themselves up to the composition of stilted
Selltences, full of trite sentiment veiled in the neatest of classical allusions. At
the Cl0Se of the day upon the sound of a signal gun, thc students are allowed
to disperse. The successful candidates, a very small fraction of those com-
peting, are rewarded with the degree of Hsin Tsai, which means literally
Hflowering talent," and is often rendered Licentiate. It carries with it a man-
darin button of low degree and a few immunities and privileges, but is chiefly
valued as paving the way to the next trial.
The next is a far more serious affair. It is held triennially in the
provincial capitals, in every province of the empire at the same time, and
requires .nine days. The Licentiates assembled to compete often number
as many as 8,000 or I0,0o0. The examiners are two imperial commis-
sioners assisted by ten provincial officials, the chief of whom is the governor
of the province. As this is a matter of such importance the safeguards
against fraud are greater than at the lower examination. The credentials
of each candidate are carefully examined and his right to enter the list
proven before he is allowed to compete, then he is given a ticket marked
with the number of the cell, ffor it is but a cell, compared to which our
jail rooms are roomy and commodious appartmentsj which he is to occupy.
He enters the enclosure in which the cells are situated the night before the
examination, and submits to a close search for prepared notes, miniature
editions of the classics, or anything else which might be of assistance to him
in his work. If such are discovered he is degraded from his Hsin Tsai degree,
compelled to' wear the huge wooden collars for a certain time, a debasing
punishment, and is forbidden to compete again. In accordance with the
Chinese principle of responsibility, such derelict student's father, and even his
tutor, also suffer punishment for his sins.
The so-called examination hall is but a succession of long, low sheds five
feet high by four feet deep, open in front and the front of each row facing
the back, about four feet away, of the next shed. These sheds are partitioned
off into cells four feet wide, furnished with two boards fitted into grooves, one
to sit on and the other for use as a table-an arrangement hardly calculated to
stimulate the brain or inspire the muse. After two days confinement, spent
in the composition of four essays, the unhappy students, honored by a salute
of three guns, are released for a day's rest. Their papers are examined, and
the men found to have violated any of the stringent rules of the competition
are pilloried by having their names posted in some conspicuous place outside
the hall. The others reassemble for 'another two days' sitting, and after that
for a third of the same length, the themes on each occasion being live in
number, four for prose composition and one for verse. The examiners, except
the governor, whose duties may not be neglected for so long a time, are con-
filled in the hall during the entire period. It not infrequently happens that
S0me student is stricken with illness and dies in his cell. In such case his
b0dy is either lowered over, or thrust through a hole in the wall, to be claimed
by his friends or family. The entrance way may not be defiled by the pass-
age of a corpse.
T0 prevent collusion between examiners and examined, copies only of
essays are submitted, identified by the student's cell number. The writer's
name is on the original paper, but is pasted over and only disclosed when the
. ' ' -A . - 3.
EXAMINATION HALL AT PEKING.
fFROM CITY WALLJ '
elCCfCcl few, ten or twelve per cent., have been chosen. The successful candi-
d21tCS are styled Chue Jen, or "promoted men," an honor conferring some
lOCal distiction upon their families.
AS soon as the result is declared the servants or "runners" in attendance
Ht the hall, haste off to the waiting families to convey the tidings, and inci-
dentally to feel in their itching palms the glad touch of silver which is their
r Q - ' . . .
Gward. 'lhe first to arrive receives the highest amount, the second some-
mg ICSS, and so on in a descending scale, but none go away empty handed.
quite a speculation for the sympathetic fellows.
Failure in this and the ensuing competition does not bar further efforts,
and some men spend their lives in vainly striving for a degree. Father, son,
and grandson are sometimes found competing for the same prize. Faithful
effort for a certain number of years is rewarded by an honorary degree.
The final examination at Peking is conducted in the same manner, but
marked by greater rigor. The degree attained is called Chin Shih, or "Ready
for Work," a designation which signifies that they have successfully completed
their literary course, and joined the army of officials. -
Of these a limited number are made members of the Han lin, or- Forest
of Pencils, a kind of Imperial Academy, from whose ranks Literary Chancel-
lors, poets, and historians are chosen. One member of the Academy is made
JChuang Yuean, or model man, the poet laureate and scholar fuzz' z'.w'4'!!c1zcf'
of the empire. The district honored by having one of its sons made a Chuang
Yuean goes into public rejoicing, and cherishes the distinction for generations.
i' It' is to be feared that this sketch, short and unsatisfactory as it is, has
shown more clearly the defects than the merits of the Chinese system. What-
ever its merits may be, it is certain that to its defects is largely due China's
present shameful position. When she shall cast off the old and assume the
new, employing the forces which have advanced western nations, there will
arise in the east a power such as the world has never seen, a power which
will be either a menace to civilization and a drag on the world's progress, or
an aid to humanity in its upward striving. And are we not justified in assum-
ing from a study of her history and the racial characteristics of her people that
her infiuence will be for good rather than for evil? China is not, nor has
ever been, an aggressive nation. Her vast territorial aggrandizement is the
result of the natural spread of her prolific people, and the necessary subjuga-
tion of neighboring tribes in the interests of order. Her people are peaceful
and industrious in a marked degree. They are not inherently more cruel
than other racesg while under adversity and in that daily, hourly struggle for
bare existence which is the lot of the vast .majority, they display a patience
that would be pitiful were it not sublime.
EDVVIN DENBY, '96 LAW.
llfrom the German of Kerner.l
Hurrah! the wine sparkles
And waits to be quaffed.
l"arewell now, ye loved ones,
We part with the draught.
Farewell now, ye mountains,
Thou place of my birth,
A power doth drive me
To roam o'er the earth.
The sun in the heavens,
Ne'er still can it stay,
'Tis driven oyer oceans
And countries away.
The wave lingers never
On desolate strand,
The storms, they are raging
With might through the land.
With clouds as they hurry
Fly birds as he goes,
And sing in the far lands
The home-songs he knows.
So urged is the pilgrim
O'er plain and through grove,
Like the mother-world wand'ring
That on he may rove.
The birds friendly greet him
O'er seas as they roam,
They flew from the meadows
That spread round his home.
The How'rs pour forth odors
I"ull well he doth know,
The wind from his country
The perfume doth blow.
The birds know the house where
The wand'rer was born,
The flowers he planted
His love to adorn.
And Love, which doth follow,
Is ever at hand,
I-Ie findeth a home still,
Though distant the land.
NRY R. Klcmorzf
El True Ghost Story.
NE of my most valued treasures is a plate of solid silver. It is some-
what smaller than an ordinary dinner plateg around its rim there runs
a narrow chevron border, and on the back is the almost effaced stamp of the
maker. It has also a double bottom, as can easily be discovered by bending
in one of its surfaces. Every time that I do this I wonder if, by any chance,
there could be some strange secret hidden between those thin sheets of metal.
Some day I think I shall have them taken apart, just to satisfy myself in
regard to this point. But the strangest and most interesting thing about the
plate is the fact that there are little half circles of teeth marks on the soft
metal, on the edge and extending across the narrow rim on to the bottom of
the dish, so that in three- different places on the upper and under surfaces of
the plate there are three almost perfect impressions of human teeth. They
are startlingly plain, almost as if made in wax. The plate, itself, is bent and
twisted, as if some one had crushed his jaws upon it in the very agony of rage
or despair. These marks have a strange fascination for me. How often
have I taken the plate from its hiding-place, and puzzled my brain in vague
speculations concerning the unknown person who produced this enduring evi-
dence of frenzy !
It was a small mouth, not one tooth was missing. They were perfect,
small, even, and straight. So I am sure that their owner was young, and,
moreover, that it was a beautiful woman, for none but a woman's perfect
mouth ever made those dainty dents. In truth, so much have I studied these
little marks that they bring to me now El' complete impression of the form and
character of that unhappy being, who years ago gave vent to some terrible
passion, and so left upon the shining white metal this lasting evidence.
The plate is an heirloom, having come to me from my great-uncle, who
obtained it during the Mexican war. And with the plate came also this story
which has been told in my family hundreds of times, and has never been
doubted by any of those who,heard it from the lips of my great-uncle him-
Self. He was fond of telling it as the one great experience in his life which
brought him into contact with what seemed to him to be the supernatural.
Itell the story just as it came from him. During the progress of the
War in 1847, a small Mexican stronghold was assaulted and taken. Upon a
hill within the fortifications stood an old but magnificent palace. Here came
the 2-rrrly officers, and with them my great-uncle, to headquarters late one
afternoon. It was a fine old building, full of stately salons, in which mirrored
Walls reflected the faded splendor of old French furniture, and old velvet carpets
deadened the footfalls of the booted men who now strode roughly throngh the
deserted rooms. All of the inhabitants had taken flight, in fact, it seemed as if
the palace had not been used as a dwelling place for some time. An air of deso-
lation and age hung over the huge edifice, and all of the exultant and gay
train of American officers felt chilled in body and spirit as they strolled curi-
ously through the apartments.
When night came, my uncle with two brother officers chose as their
SleePiUg' place a large room upon the ground fioor. The walls were hung
With heavy red tapestry, the furniture was of blood-red velvet, and a thick car-
Pef ofthe same color covered the floor. While pulling down some of the
wall hangings to add to their made-up beds on the floor, my uncle brought to
VIEW a door which, hidden behind the tapestry, had previously escaped notice.
It was of iron, rusty, heavily barred and locked, Against it all three of the
men exerted their full strength, but could not move it in the least. High
above it was a grating of iron bars, and through this opening from the other
Side of the door came a strong draught that in spite of the heat of the evening
made them shiver. With many speculations as to what lay hidden on the
other side of the door, the men wearied with the excitement of the day soon
Late in the night my uncle awoke with a start, full of the feeling of some-
thing impending. There was absolute darkness in the room, but he soon
became aware that the other officers were likewise aroused. With many
C0mments upon the strangeness of their sudden wakening, they settled back
again in silence. When suddenly a cold blast of air swept through the room
from the direction of the iron door, and from far away, as if deep down in
the foundations of the old palace, there came a faint cry of pain. Then again,
but neafefi and then again, clearer, as if up from below, from the deep, dark
dungeons underneath came some creature in pain and despair. All three
heard it, and sitting up with nerves in extremest tension waited. Up, up,
nearer and stronger came the fearful cries, and mingled with them the loud
clanking of chains. Slow, painful footfalls became more and more distinct,
until at last, it seemed that only the iron door stood between them and some
horrible vision, they knew not what. The atmosphere in the room had
become cold and a peculiar musty odor filled the air. I
Suddenly the door was shaken violently, and thunderous blows were
rained upon it, until it seemed as if it must certainly break through. The
men held their breath in horror, for from behind the quivering door came
shrieks of the most horrible rage and despair, mingled with a furious clanking
of chains. Then with a shriek like that of a madclened demon something was
hurled through the grating, and striking the wall just .above my uncle's head
fell with a clatter to the floor by his side. Then with groans and muffled
sohbings, and occasional shrieks of agony, the footfalls and the clanking of
chains could be heard going down again into the depths below. Deeper,
deeper, fainter and fainter, until at last all was silent,--then one more blast
of cold air, one far-off echo,-then silence again.
Through all the night sat those men, brave in the field, crouched closely
together waiting and listening. When grey dawn came my great-uncle found
at his side this twisted silver plate with the tooth marks, 'just as I have it now.
Trying the door again, they found that with the utmost exertions of all three
it could not be stirred upon its hinges. At last, one bolder than the others,
standing upon a table and letting clown a taper saw that behind the door a
flight of stone steps went down into darknessg but on the steps there' was a
thick layer of undisturbed dust, and across the space stretched old, dusty and
A, -S. VVARTHIN.
'A girl's brown eyes-M
What mystery I
When l, grey-hairecl, clim-eyed, and bent,
Look o'er the past-shadow and sunshine blent
Nothing so puizles 1116
In all that I can see
A girl's brown eyes.
A girl's brown eyes:
A O Teacher clear,
You found me dreal y,
' ' H the child--
You pliecl the rod, yet clul not sau,
Thinking it very queer!
The mischief, Teacher clear,
A girl's brown eyes.
A girl's brown eyes 3
Let learning gog
Why waste one moment poring oler a book,
Perchance to lose a single furtive look
' " l d me so
'l'hat always th11l e
QAnd why l did not knowj
A girl's brown eyes.
A girl's brown eyes
My ruin were:
I took the lead in all my classes onceg
I left the school, at last, pronounced a dunce
cause I could but stare
And find m
y lesson there
A girl's brown eyes.
A girl's brown eyes
Sent me to sea.
Various the ventures, curious the climes,
Countries and custom'
s that met me betimes.
Yet could my heart but see
Dearer than all to in -
A girl's b
rown eyes I
A gir1's brown eyes
Kept me from harm:
Temptations followed me daily, the whileg
Sirens saw others succumb to a
Me they could not disarm-
as my only charm
A girl's brown eyes.
A girl's brown eyes
Brought me back home
Crowned with ripe manhood. Riches were mine,
Silks from the Indi
es, and gems for a shrine,
From which I ne'er would roam-
Far o'er the
A girl's brown eyes !
A girlls brown eyes
Weary had growng
Weary with waiting and watching for me--
Me, the wild schoolboy that sailed the far sea.
Then, with that last, low moan,
" Yesg I am still thine own"
A girl's brown eyes.
A girI's brown eyes:
I.ife's mystery !
When I, grey-haired, clim-eyed, and bent,
Look o'er the past-shadow and sunshine blent--
Nothing so puzzles me
In all that I can see
A girl's brown eyes.
SAM,I. A. JONES
That Witchiryg Smile.
ll, who knows the depths of a woman's smile ?
Who can be sure that all the while
She does not wish, this maid of gnile,
He were another?
'l'hat while she nods her smiling face,
.Xnd listens with such witching grace,
She does not wish 'l'om in his place,
Ur e'en her brother?
ll, happy man, who, sans conceit,
May know that charming face, so sweet,
Smiles but for him without deceit,
And not another! H. Nl. RICH
A VIEW ON THE HURON.
No longer like a stream that evermore
. Murmurs and toils to turn the busy
And without surcease with its labor
Toils and complains my spirit, care is
For I am,loved.
The bird may o'er her nestling press her wings,
The vine's soft tendrils around the elm may twine,
Like infant fingers in a clasp divine,
More closely still one soul to my soul clings,
For I am loved.
May tawny bees in meadows sweetly hum
And make the clover vocal with their glee,
The brook may flow, a joyance, to the sea,
A deeper joy than theirs to me has come,
i For I am loved.
Yea, tranquil as the all-o'erarching blue
When clouds are not, or seem to float in sleep
, And feign to toss in shadows on the deep,
I am content, my hope is all in view, A
For I am loved.
FRANK P. DANIELS.
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.52-,.v,, f fi tric Frenchman's broad acres of Dakota prairie.
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.- The neighbors came in, set things to rights and gave
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the man decent burial. When kind-hearted banker
Thomas came to take the child home after the
funeral, the poor thing cried bitterly and clasped his
old violin tenderly to his heart. But after a few kind words he left the old
sod shanty and went home with his benefactor. As the waif had no relatives,
the old judge put him and his property into the hands of the childless banker,
The boy flourished and grew strong, but he always liked his violin and roll-
ing acres of prairie better than he did his school books. As soon as the hand-
some French youth had skimmed over his lessons, he was off on his wild little
pony for the farm, or he seized his violin and played the most wonderful
melodies. These he had brought with him in his child's heart from France,
or had picked out of the pile of old music found in his father's dirty cabin.
Although he was a thorough little American, he loved to dream of going to
Paris and becoming a great violinist. But Mr. Thomas did not favor this
plan, and as Pierre loved his new father and mother, he readily put it off from
year to year.
Pierre was seventeen when Flossy came from New York to spend a year
with her uncle and aunt. Her mother had married a second time and had
gone abroad. Flossy waslas beautiful as long, golden hair, dark brown eyes
and fifteen happy years of luxury could make her. At first the boy was a
little shygvfor he did not likeugirls very wellg but in a week they were well
21Cquainted, and'soon became intimate friends. Flossy was encouraged to
f0mp about and grow strong. Her uncle gave her a pudgy little pony, which
Pierre taught her to ride. It was not long before she was galloping about the
Country with him, her golden hair streaming in the wind.
She loved Pierre's violin, and on stormy evenings would sit for hours
Cuddled up on the sofa, and listen to his music. She kept her lovely, dark
SYCS fastened on him all the time as he played, and he felt he could play
better, when he could look at her. Now and then he would ask her to try
the accompaniment on the piano, but she never did very well. " I always
5Poil it," said she, disgusted. Pierre became her ideal man, he could do any-
thing, he was so tall, strong and handsome, so dainty and polite. And she
WHS t0 him the embodiment of girlish loveliness. She made him study his
Latin that winter, and to the surprise of his foster-parents, he actually passed
Early in March Flossy went to the neighboring town, twelve miles away,
to visit for a few days. Pierre was to drive over to the party given her, and
bring her home the next day. He had been asked to bring his violin and
Play for the company,
It was a beautiful winter afternoon when Pierre tucked Flossy in under
the white wolf-robes, proudly took his place beside her, and "let father's
horse out a little, if he wants to go so bad." The sky had been clear all day,
hut now feathery clouds were coming up out of the southwest. On they sped
In the White cutter to the tune of the merry sleigh-bells, over the long swells of
the white prairie, past small farm houses standing out on the bleak hill-tops,
Ol' more comfortable homes nestling down from the sharp wind behind tree-
Claims of great poplars.. Over the hidden little bridges they bounded with
real' and plunge, Flossy often screaming with pretended fright. They did it
Once too often, for the Whipple-tree broke and dragged Pierre out of his snug
nest into the snow. Tom was frightened and ran, but the strong French
lad clung to the reins and finally stopped him. Flossy was tucked in again
and Sat there holding by the bit steaming Tom, who did not yet see through
the jfike. but puffed out great clouds of steam with every breath. Pierre
blanketed him and then waded over to a little tree-claim and cut a stick to
mend the break with. It was almost sunset when they started on again,
The Sky had clouded and the wind had increased, -Soon fine snow began to
Hurry about them, the storm grew worse, in twenty minutes more a blizzard
was raging over the trackless prairie. The road filled up and Tom could only
Walk. Flossy had been brave for a time. but as the wind and snow choked
and blinded her, she became frightened, found Pierre's arm and clung to it.
At first he assured her that there was no dangerg but when he found that they
were out of the road, he became alarmed himself. Still he said nothing I--Ie
got out and stamped around in the snow to see if he could feel any wagon
ruts. " Well," said he, "maybe Tom knows the road. 'We must find a house
as soon as ever we can." " Good Tom, dear Tom, take us home !" cried the
But Tom had not gone far in the blinding whirl of fiakes before he stop-
ped and snorted. Out Pierre jumped again and plowed his way ahead. The
horse had stopped before an old Norwegian pasture-well with its two boards
stuck up to support the small broken iron wheel. That broken wheel saved
them, Pierre knew where he was. Hurrying back to Flossy, he found her
crying with cold and fright.
"Don't cry, dear, Iknow where we are now. It's only a little ways.
We're all safe now. Don't cry, dear. I must find the dead furrow near here
that leads up by the old house. VVhen I whistle, you call to me, good and
loud, you know. Don't fail." Then he plunged away into the white dark-
ness and was gone. It seemed an age before the shivering girl heard the
cheery whistle, then she gladly called out, "Yes, Pierre," as loud as she could.
Tom whinnied and started in that direction. Soon they met Pierre, and he
led Tom along the furrow, walking in it in order not to lose it. After stumbl-
ing along ten minutes they came to a little tumble-down sod hut-the very
one in which Pierre's father had died. There was a 'light within. Pierre
took the shivering girl in his arms and carried her into the house. He was
surprised to find a Norwegian farm laborer already there, keeping up a hay
fire in the broad, low fire-place built for that kind of fuel. Flossy was made
comfortable in the warmest corner, with soft hay and the wolf-robes, the
horse was brought in out of the storm, and a better fire of old boards made.
Then he and Ole brought in great arrnfuls of hay and old wood to use during
the night. The windows were stuffed with hay, and the thick doors made
fast. It was quite comfortable, as they sat down to their supper of an- apple
apiece-some extra large fruit sent to Flossy's aunt. Tom had his, toog and
then the rest were putlaway for morning. i
'Before long Gle was snoring in his corner. Pierre and Flossy sat and'
talked a long, long time. They told stories and gossiped about the party,
and had a splendid visit. Finally the conversation lagged, and a little golden
head nodded and bobbed. She looked up suddenly, smiled and said:
"Play for me, Pierre. I am so
"" sleepy, and the wind sounds so
lonesome." He fixed her a little
i nest of robes, tucked her all in,
then took his violin out of its case,
tuned it carefully, and played.
She had never before seemed so
beautiful to Pierre as she did then
-the flickering of the fire-light
playing in her sunny hair, and
lighting up the earnest depths of
her great eyes, as she lay and
watched himj SWT, sweet 1111111-
ZIZIUS, sounding through roar of
' storm and crackling of fire soothed
her, soon the brown eyes closed
and she slept.
All night long he faithfully
A LITTLE NEST OF Roms' watched and replenished the fire,
ClSe they would have frozen, for the cold was intense. The hours seemed so
long- Finally he took up his violin and began to play again softly. It was an
old ballad of Southern France. A poor young peasants at beside the gleaming
'l ' h
Garonne singing of his love. He blushed and trembled at her smi es in t e
green fields and sunny vineyardsg he wooed her bashfully at the autumn dancesg
helped her at her tasks in frosty winter, but dared not speak of love. He
only h0ped and feared and hoped. Horrid
land, Where bloodshed and rapine hardened his simple heart. But he remem-
bered this love. Peace came, and the weary troopers turned homeward with
Haunting banners and glad huzzas. Anxious-eyed wives and Sweethearts
Came and embraced their own, but none came to him. At last he saw her
ide the rich man ofthe village. She
war hurried him into a foreign
Standing with a babe in her arms, bes
Smlled and held out her hand, he knelt and kissed it, then wandered away
forever. VVith the last sad notes of the violin, Flossy nestled and murmured
in her dream, " Yes, Ido love him, Ido, I do." Then she slept peacefully
again. Pierre sat like a statue for a moment, then blushed a deep red. He
kissed his violin slyly and put it in its case.
It was intensely cold, but clear next morning when they started on.
Tom had not had his oats, and showed his impatience as he plodded through
the great snow-drifts.
"You don't look as though you had slept in a deserted sod-shanty all
"I'm sure my hair does, but I slept splendidly. I had such a lovely
"What was it? "
"O, nothing much, onlyl dreamed-that-that your music all came
"But it has come true, and I do love you, Flossyf'
She blushed and said nothing, but let him hold her little hand under the
robe till they were almost home. Then she drew it away with a bewitching
smile. Pierre and Flossy were happy.
Mrs. Thomas must have noticed something, for there was an immedi-
ate family council, and it was decided that Pierre should go to St. Paul
to make a systematic study of the violin. His property would easily support
Pierre's eyes were misty, as the train bore him up over the glade and he
took his last view of the old home and, perhaps, of Flossy. But he swore it
should not be the last, as he saw her waving her handkerchief.
He threw himself heart and soul into his music, and succeeded remark-
ably as a young violinist. It was talent and industry combined. He never
went back to Dakota, for Mr. Thomas died suddenly, the estate was settled,
and Mrs. Thomas went East to live.
"Mr. Pierre Duval, the gifted young violinist of St. Paul, will by special
request play live numbers at the Charity Ball to-night. As noticed recently
by The Tribzme, Chicago has heard Mr. Duval before, and showed marked
appreciation of his great talents. "
The feathery lfiuttver of fans and thegay hum of voices quieted somewhat
When a slender young man in evening dress lifted his violin bow to begin.
' ' d d u h
Vvhen the clear, truejtones of a-Spanish dance by Sarasate soun e iroug
the 12'-fge, elegant ball-room, there was a hush. It was a brilliant piece, filled
with rapid, fiery dashes, strange, sudden turns, furious little jigs, and ended
with a saucy little quirk. 'The cultured audience was pleased, although the
aPPlause was not great.
Then came selection from Wagner, s range
With a bright, airy little motive, like a single Sunbeam in a sombre forest,
T ' d 'll
darting hither and thither, becoming broader and stronger and eeper, ti a
mighty Hood of .harmonic sunlight broke upon the delighted ears of the
That won them, from that momen y
t , Weird, melancholy, but
t the were his, and every piece was
enthusiastically received. ..
At the end of the fourth number, he suddenly became embarrassed, drop-
Ped his bow, blushed, then turned pale. Many thought it was the applause.
He Soon regained his composure, and began to play the last selection. It
Was to be another of Sarasate's, but surely he was not playing Sarasate. It
WHS the old ballad of Southern Erance. Only one in the large and cultured
i F ' d looked wonderingly at friend, as
'audience had ever heard it before. rien
th ' ' ' ' t ere telling its tale. When the last quiver-
. Ough the violinists own hear w
mg notes died away, there was aihush, not broken till the young artist turned
to hiS seat. Then there was a storm of applause. He was soon surrounded
and congratulated by his acquaintances.
"There are many who would like to meet you, Mr. Duval. Will you go
around with me P--not to all the crowd, but just a few friends, you know."
"Thank you," said Pierre, "just your friends, for it is quite late and I must
hurry to my hotel."
He bowed low here, shook hands there, smiled at this lady, thanked that,
QS he followed his friend through
mg-rooms. "Ah, the countessl You must be presented to her-young,
beautiful, rich." And his friend seized his arm. "What Countess ?" Pierre
asked. Then he saw her, and hesitated a second, but it was too late, he
had to be introduced. She tried to control her embarrassment, as she extended
her hand to him. Both blushed deeply. The count bowed and looked with
HStonishment at the confusion of his young wife and the handsome violinist.
the brilliant throng toward one of the dress-
"What! you know her? Ah, yes, some old romance-never mind, it
wasn't noticed. Strange, though, by .love l Well, here you are. You really
must have a little champagne." These Words Pierre heard, but did not
ansiverg for they tlew through his throbbing brain in a confused whirl.
He gulped down his champagne, excused himself, and, before he realized
it, was driving to his hotel. He passed his ungloved hand over his eyes.
"Flossy, Flossyl But it's a sin now. I must forget it, all, all. It's a sin
Y NX i
xnxx 1 1
.W N T illy I
. s i 'f'
1VlIATl YOU Know HER?
Spring was breaking in the great city of Paris. A cold rain had fallen
all the day before, but the night had driven the clouds away, and a bright sun
shone in a sky intensely blue. The pavements rapidly dried, and troops of
children came out to romp and run and play. They gathered in little chat-
tering groups, they pattered along the flagstones, they laughed and fairly
f the fresh 'iir and golden sun. Many an
shrieked for joy under the iuliuence o e . . ,
old warrior of '70 and ,7I came out to stretch his rheumatic old legs in the
light after the long dreary winter. There was a wistful and good-natured look
on l1iS face, brown and wrinkled as the leather off a bellows. even when the
happy. thoughtless children jostled him as he crept along. I-Ie tried to
Straighten up and look prouder, he quickenecl his gait, as the quippy April
lVlllLl blew fresh from the young leaves in the Bois de Boulogne. The whole
W0OCl seemed full of gleesome children. Here and there the great deep eyes
Of ll sickly child winkcd and blinked in the strong sunlight, as a pale little
Violet would, when brought from its cold, shady north wall into the seething,
glowing, rollicking sunshine.
It was noon and the shadow of the Arc de Triomphe lay beneath its two
mighty legs. A young man slowly descended from an open carriage, paid the
driver his fee, and leaning on a great brown cane, walked slowly along one of
thi? lakes in the beautiful wood. I-le had been illg for his face was thin and
Pale, and his great-coat was buttoued up to his chin. His face was strong
and handsomeg it had the clear-cut features of the artist. His dark eyes were
self on one of the benches, and soon a
frank and earnest. He seated him
d b ut him Chattering and fiving hither and
tf0Op of children had gathere a o . , J
' the back of his head,
thither like English sparxfows. I-Ie had his hat on
and was mending a sword for a youthful warrior standing before him with
'de A quiet little blossom of a girl had
his little military cap cocked to one si .
Nestled up to his knee and had forgotten her dolly, as she watched the gleam
of the steel blade in the sun. A
Late in the afternoon he drove o V
but happy. He threw himself on his couch and soon fell asleep. When he
h a shone in at his window.
awoke, it was dark and the lights from acrosst e w y
easant. half dreamy sensation one
t his rooms in the Latin Quarter, tired
He lay for some moments enjoying the pl
Then he arose took his violin and sat
feels after sound, refreshing sleep. .
down in an easy chair towards the open window. For some time he played
at random, improvising, and not knowing one moment what the next note
Would be, but it always came right. Finally, as though by accident, the
dreamy tune shaded off into the old, love ballad of Southern France. He
' ' After he had finished
Closed his eyes and threw his whole soul into the music.
that, he stopped and sat silent awhile. But soon he began playing agam
and the hours passed and it was late at night.
There was a timid little knock at his door. His quick ear caught it, he
stopped playing and bade the stranger enter. By the light from the street he
caught sight of a woman with a babe in her arms. She hesitated at the
threshold of the dark room. She had surprised him and he arose to his feet.
In a voice that betrayed repressed fear and embarrassment, she said:
"Sir, you are an American, a musician. fGive,me something, my baby
is starving. You can't be heartless and play as you do: I know you are good
and kind and generous. A few sous will save us, until the letter4"
"Good God! Flossy! Flossy! Is it you?" he cried in a wild voice.
The only answer was a rustling toward the door. He lighted thiegas. She
was gone. There was a noise of some one sobbing and goingiddwn the dark
stairway. In a minute he was beside her, there was a little cry and then the
tender sounds of a man's voice. He bore her fainting ,in his arms to the great
leather couch. Her baby nestled and cried with weak,ipiteous.voice. A few
drops of hot brandy to her lips and some cold water on ,b,eg'iqinpieS, and
Flossy's great brown eyes opened. "O Pierre! Pierre!" ,-Then she drew
her babe to her breast and closed her eyes again. -He sat -for moment as
though dazed, tears ran down his cheeks. Then he jumped up.and ran about
his rooms, like a' madman, pulling at the bell, and calling at thelttioor. Soon
his landlady and her daughter came in with eyes full of kindly curiosity. A
few rapid words in French, and he rushed out into the ustreetfiyvithout hat or
great-coat. Q .P , .
When he returned with the fat, French physician, his heart' failed him
lest they should be dead. But the women had put Flossy and her little babe
to bed in his own crowded little bedroom. Flossy had just taken two or
three sips of milk and had sunk back upon the hard little pillows, with a sigh,
putting her face close to her babe's. There was no danger, the doctor said,
only quiet, and wholesome food for a day or two. Then he took his hat and
went away. The two women sat quietly at the bedside. Pieretwent into his
music room and tried to read, but couldn't. Then for the first time he real-
ized that he was himself still weak from illness. He looked at his watch, and
saw it was after one. Turning out the light, he started through the sitting
room to go to the little bedroom in the attic. But Flossiy heard his quiet
step and called to him. Nanette had gone out. gf.
"Pierre, wQn't you play it for me before you go to bed? Please," she
Pleaded- . ..
"Yes dear' but won't it waken the little thing beside you?"
"Nog she loves it too, I am sure. It saved herg I knew whoever could
Play that must be good. But there's only one ---" But Pierre had gone
for his violin.
He stood at the foot of the bed and played the old ballad from Southern
France. Again beside the gleaming Garonne sat the poor young peasant
' h fi lds
singing of his love. He blushed and trembled at her smiles in t e green e
and sunny vineyards, he wooed her bashfully at the autumn dancesg helped
' ' H l
her at her tasks in frosty winter, but dared not speak of love. e on y
hoped and feared and hoped. Horrid war hurried him into a foreign land,
Where bloodshed and rapine hardened his simple heart. But he remembered
d homeward with flaunt-
hiS love. Peace came, and the weary troopers turne
mg banners and glad huzzas. Anxious-eyed wives and sweethearts came and
' ' h h tandin
embraced their own, but none came to him. At last e saw er s g
with a babe in her arms, beside the rich man of the village. She smiled and
held out her hand. He knelt and kissed it, then wandered away forever.
When the last quivering tones were silent, Flossy tried to speak, but her
Voice was choked with tears. Pierre was weeping too. Finally a little hand
WHS extended to him, and a tearful voice quivered out:
" Pierre! Pierre! forgive me and take me back! "
He knelt down beside her and kissed her again and again.
Flossy stayed. Spring came and went, and summer was there. The
children in the Bois de Boulogne often saw their old friend,-not alone, as
bef0I'6, but with a beautiful woman
and a laughing, dark-haired babe.
X If if
'V f W'
The Quaker Girl.
A sheen of gold falls o'er her face,
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Diffusing in its sunbeams there
A thousand kisses-an embrace
Making her thrice twofold fair,
A sheen of gold falls o'er her face
In cap so trim, with curl in place.
Her dress of white is like her soul,
So new it is, so clean withal,
So like a child's in pattern plain,
Spotless around her it doth fallg
Her dress of white is like her soul,
No blemish in its chastened whole.
Her song of heart-praise rises high,
Ascends the lonely arch above-
A clear soprano voice hath she-
It tells of Christ and holy loveg
Her song of heart.praise rises high,
On angel's wing it seems to Hy.
Her eyes they plead with fervor deep,-
Pure, tranquil eyes of dove-like faith-
Come unto Me, I give thee peace,'
Her eyes they plead with fervor deep,
f He giveth his beloved sleep."
'llis He who speaks, these words He salth
Her dress, her words, her face and eyes,
All speaking of the trustful child,
Still draw me nearer as I sit,
Yea nearer, even me, defiledf
Her dress, her words, her face and eyes,
these she binds in Paradise.
A sheen of gold falls o'er her face,
Diffused thro' stained window-pane,
A thousand kisses, an embrace,
' ' ' f in-
God's kisses o er and o er aga ,
A sheen of gold falls o'er her face,
His benediction for her grace.
GEORGE Russicm, BARKI-ZR
61 Sea Shell.
The architect who built this cell
With walls of pearl enchased,
Had yet a nobler citadel ,
Within his purpose traced.
And brighter than the shining stone
Which for his toiling grew
The pearlwhich in vision shone
With many a changing hue.
A RAYMOND WEEKS.
With throbbing light the heavens pulsate, l
A trembling radiance fills the air,
The star-worlds flash and scintillate
And flood the night with whiteness rare,
They gleam and palpitate and glow-
A light intense, yet calm, they pour
From infinite depths o'er earth below,
Till man would fain the scene adore.
A scientist, in star-lore wise,
The magic of the vision feels,
And, deep in nebulous revery, tries
To grasp the truth it half reveals.
He thinks of times long eons past,
When sun and stars their birth-hour knew,
Of clashing worlds, of forces vast,
The chaos whence the cosmos grew.
What means, he mused, this type so vast
Of life far-aimed yet tuned to love,
Iflternal concord, binding fast,
Which lures rnan's gaze to heaven above?
"You do not know?" a gay voice cries-
The woman by him, fond and true-
"Then listen, learned man and wise:
Once, stars no times or seasons knew---
"But oft, in time's chaotic morn,
Athwart each other's path would glide.
Then man appeared and love was born,
The stars were chosen for his guide.
'True guides to him we'll be,' they said,
'His passions are enough to fight?
Since thenthe star-worlds o'er our head
' In peace serene illume the night.
"I" hope you heed the lesson, sir,'5
Withfairy wisdom she concludes.
With impulse swift he turns to her,
f' And, mnrmuring fond beatitudes,
"O wise astronomer," he cries,
"'QVhose eye so deep and far can see,
XVhosrfQ?pul so truly reads the skies,
Intlsfpret aye life's heaven for me."
M -r Euiu-:'r'rn A. Hovmzs
"lOl Beatrice, benedetta sii tu!"
' Immortal Lover! Italy's pride!
Thoii who in words divinely taught
Hast to our earth-bound souls revealed
' The lesson of celestial love,
'Thou in whose burning heart inscribed
We read and feel again
The torment and the martyrdom,
And yet, the beatific joy
That love-like thing doth bring,-
Received from us, Supernal Bard,
That homage which, in measure far
Beyond our feeble lips,
Thou once didst give - yea e'en to-day-
To Beauty and to truth. -
Accept our love, and know, in thee
We find our Beatrice.
B. F. KASTL
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K 1 I
February after a long cold spell,--clear me!
what other excuse is needed for avoiding a
dry and dusty lecture room? lt required
very little reliection for me to make up my
mind that I would absent myself from Kuno
Fischer's Logic and Metaphysics that after-
noon, and instead, start out on the beautiful
river road up the Neckarg for though the
conscience of a German freshman is rather
lax with respect to bolting, Idid not wish to fritter away my time without
some plausible reason.
Stop! The postman-right! There was a letter from mother. My
cousin Anna was to be married in Karlsruhe, Monday, February 15, and I
was to represent our family. And also I was to take along a wedding-presentg
and as mother had forseen the hopeless condition of my pocketboolc, she very
wisely had enclosed the necessary draft. -
I drummed on the table and hummed' a little tune. The fifteenth
. . . to-day was the twelfth. Though Karlsruhe was not far away, I
determined to go at once, and roam about in the capital for some daysg and
I would save the excuse ef a walk along the Neclaar for some other lecture
of Kuno Fischer's. My dress suit---the wedding was to be a swell affair-
was ready for transportation, and no other preparation was neededg the wed-
ding-present I could get better and cheaper in Karlsruhe. I had still an
hour before the next express train leftg but I started immediately, in order
to pace up and down the park near the depot, eying the pretty little English
damsels on their return to the boarding-school, much to the dismay of their
prudish old maid teachers.
On my way, however, I passed by the house of an old friend of mine,
Fraeulein Antonie Markwitz, and I decided to step in for a short call.
Antonie had attended the same village school with me, and we had
been neighbors and playmates from our early childhood. We were like
brother and sister, we shared all our joys, and I played the part of her pro-
tector, and so felt under strict moral obligation to give any one of the village
boys who had aroused her displeasure a sound thrashing. Some years before,
after the death of her father who had been a prosperous physician, Antonie
and her mother had moved to Heidelberg, and there, during a visit to my
prospective Corps, in the preceding summer, I had met her again, now a
charming maiden, as sweet and gentle as in days gone by, and prettier
I entered the cosy parlor. Antonie was at home alone, her mother
had made better use of the fine weather and gone out. She received me
with her usual kindness, and sitting down by the open window, took up a
piece of embroidery which she had laid aside at my entrance. It was a sofa
cushion with the arms of our society beautifully worked upon it.
"What are you making there, Toni?" I asked, while I with admir-
ation watched her plying her nimble fingers to and fro.
"I must not tell you."
"Oh, I know," I broke in quickly, "I remember now, his birthday
- . ." The girl smiled and blushed slightly, and without looking up con-
tinued her work.
"Oscar is coming here a week from next Sunday to celebrate his
birthday with you, isnlt he?"
"I hope so,"-Antonie looked at the sunny landscape and drew a
deep breath. ,
"I shall see Oscar to-day or to-morrow," and I told her what I was
about to do. "What shall I take along for him from you?"
"My very fondest." Again she drew a deep breath. "But don't
you dare mention this to him!" she added as she held up the cushion to
my view. , b
"Your very fondest. All right! MayI not take a kiss along for
Antonie looked at me amazed and with a mild reproach: "Heinz,"
-she loved to call me by my student name,- "Heinz, what are you think-
ing of? "
"Well, I suppose held be very glad to get a kiss so unexpectedly!" I
"Do stop that nonsense, you know Oscar too well, and you know he
could not stand anything of that kind!"
Yes, I did know Oscar Westerfeld. He had been a member of our
Corps and a bright student, half a year before he had passed his state exam-
ination in jurisprudence, and was now practicing law in Karlsruhe. I myself
introduced him to Antonie, and it was due in part to my efforts in his behalf
that a love affair resulted. In return, he had brought about my election to a
secret closer circle within our Corps which, of course, was unknown even to
the other members and called by us the Golden Circle. We always got
along with each other splendidly, and during his frequent visits to Heidel-
berg, became great chums. He was kind to me, I tried to be pleasant to
him, and I can be pleasant enough when I choose to be so. Westerfeld was
a fine fellow, but jealous, as jealous as-well, we called him Othello, but
really the name did not do him justice, since his jealousy certainly surpassed
that of Shakespeare's hero. And jealous of a girl like Antonie, who was
faithfulness itself! It was ridiculous, and it was not right. We had teased
him, we had made earnest remonstrances, but all that made matters only
worse, since he ,saw in every one pleading for common sense nothing but a
secret admirer of his fair one.
Recalling to my mind my experiences with Westerfeld, I did not give an
answer to Antonie, but resting my chin on the handle of my cane stroked the
white cat that was rubbing against me and purring contentedly. Dropping
her work for a moment and looking at me earnestly out of her dark blue
eyes, she begged me again not to be so cruel. jokingly I repeated my prop-
osition. Antonie remained silent for a moment, and then exclaimed tri-
umphantly: "Heinz, if you will be so naughty, I'll write to Oscar not to
believe anything you say!"
I laughed out loud. Antonie seemed a little offended, as I saw from her ques-
tioning look. "My dear child,"I remarked, explaining my merriment, "don't
you see that that would make him all the more suspicious, or would make him
suspicious if he were not so already? 'Qui J' excuse, .r' zzccuse,' you know."
"Yes, that may be," she admitted after some reflection. "But that
is all I can do." Suddenly, summoning up all the heroism of which her gentle
1 nature was capable, she arose and placed
xMglx4x4Q6l1HZQU4iuAm! I herself before the door, and trying to look
1lfw,m,fl'4u,'l,,g,u,i xtiimdmxfl very, very resolute, she called out, "You
'lllwf' shan't get out of this room before you
T ' 911'l'lfl promise me that you won't tell Oscar!"
' hllli l'i' ll' j " "I won't promise anything of the
'VI MNH 1, J. I ,I A 3, kind," was my cool reply from the corner
N ' i lil-. of the sofa. Then I forced the conver-
Q C Fi
X If ll sation into another channel until it was
n i i 1' i ll . l
il iQ f lllll'
' Q time for me to go. Antonie regarded me
I , questioningly and imploringly again, I
'N N4 I ly , Z ':'laughed, and advising her strongly not to
x g- write to Westerfeld, took my leave. As
WNV 1 I reached the street, I cast one more
'I ' ,glance at her window and saw her little
"You sl-IAN"r GET our or THIS Room." blond head bent Over her Work again.
Twenty minutes later I was steaming towards Karlsruhe, lounging lazily
in the corner of the coupe, and holding timely converse with myself about the
fine weather, the value of a definite aim in life, human follies, and cousin
Anna's wedding. I say 'cousinf She really wasn't that. It required higher
mathematics to figure out the degree of relationship, which, I am afraid, may
have consisted in nothing but the remarkable fact that her great-grandmother
and mine had been two old women. Cousin Anna was still very young-
barely eighteen-and an exceedingly pretty brunette,-there is no fun in
claiming as a cousin a girl that is not pretty. She was lively, witty, and had
a sweet little will of her own, which she had manifested in selecting, among
her numerous suitors, a young electrical engineer who had nothing but a spot-
less character, a fine appearance, and the beginnings of what might be
regarded as a reputation, but as Anna was quite wealthy there was no reason
why the young couple should have any fear for their future.
At five o'clock I arrived at my cousin's and congratulated her with the
stereotyped phrases usual on such occasions. Though hardly more than a
stranger to the family, I was cordially welcomed. I had been singularly for-
tunate in the purchase of my wedding-present, it was a good bargain and
made an excellent show.
In the evening I called at Westerfeld's house, but he had gone out, and
so I did not get to sec him before Saturday morning at about ten o'clock. As
the youngest freshman in the Corps, his special favorite, and a Knight of the
Golden Circle, I might have expected a more cordial welcome. He appeared
to be excited and nervous, was rather pale, and hastily withdrew his hand
almost before it had touched mine. I inquired with great interest after his
health, and asked him whether he had not overworked, or whether he was
not aa little lonesome for somebody. He gave only evasive answers. I racked
my brains in vain for an explanation of the fact which hurt my feelings and
especially my vanity. '
"Antonie sends hcr very fondest," I began, hoping to cheer him up with
"Thank you," he answered coldly, and with a searching glance which
did not escape my notice. Now it flashed through my mind-Antonie-our
conversation. I had actually forgotten it, since I regarded it only as a joke,
and supposed that Antonie would do so too. But evidently the misfortune
had happened. ' Dear little Toni! she had thought it best to disregard my
warning not to write to him! I did not, however, let anything betray me, and
said to myself, "Now, Claussen, you are in for it." And I commenced a
eulogy on his intended of which the most exacting lover ought to have been
proud, and especially he who knew that it was my principle never to flatter.
A queer, a very queer smile was Westcrfeld's only answer. Pretending not to
notice it, Iconcluded: "Antonie is the very best girl alive. 'She is more than
worthy to 'become your partner for life. If that isn't high praise, tell me
higher, and I'll use it.' "
"Indeed?" was Weste1'feld's curt a11d ironical reply. Iwas indignant,
and declared that he had no right to doubt what I had said.
"Perhaps not, we'll see later." Contrary to my own expectation, I suc-
ceeded in leading the conversation to something else. Iwanted to let him
suffer a little while first. Naturally there was a good deal to be told about
our fraternity and the Golden Circle, but he plainly took no interest in it.
After a while I pretended to be going.
when I had my hand on the door-knob,
,I wif :ff llY'iy:1vII'r
5 i . ,Eff I 'lil -.4
K lm vzil W in
li ' I' ui , Wk. 'Lg
X, l' D
,V N 'lik pix '
f , ig 1' ',-,XQINXXI
1 ll 'I fills N
' ,, ii. X I
Mi Z I fig lair
1 'Iv in
1 I-Lf ,ff VS.
"w1iA'1' no You THINK OF 'rms LI'1'I"I'I-Illifu
read it without changing expression.
my wildest hopes.
"What do you think of this letter
He wriggled about in his chair, and
he called me back: "Stop a minute!
How about that kiss P" His blood
mounted to his face, in the next
moment he turned pale again,
and his voice trembled.
"VVhat kiss?" I returned
did you not? Speak ! "
"Gently, gently, my dear
boy! What do you mean P"
"Mean P Hypocrite! Isn't
it here in black and white ?"
Trembling all over, he pulled
a letter out of his pocket and
held it out to me. I snatched it
from him, unfolded it slowly, and
Isucceeded in deceiving him beyond
P" I asked calmly, in handing it back
"Think? I ask you, would any girl write that if-if-Oh, I cannot say
it I" It seemed to choke him, he clenched his fists, and his eyes flashed fire.
Precisely as I had foreseen. "I ask iyou, Heinz," he resumed after a pause,
somewhat more moderately, "did you kiss her, or did you not ?"
Should I answer No? He would hardly believe me in this state
of mind. Yes? That was a falsehood, and could lead to very unfortunate
results. And so I said, expressly emphasizing each word: "If I did
kiss Antonie, what of it?" I stood before him and looked him square in the
"VVhat of it! XVhat of it!" hc gasped, shoving his clenched fists in his
"I think you know my friendship with Antonie Markwitzf' I answered
calmly, while he stared at me with a look before which more courageous per-
sons than I might have quailed. -
"Did you kiss Antonie, or
"Claussen!" he hissed. And I replied dryly: "If I did kiss Antonie,
what of it?"
Though trusting in his good sense as a lawyer, I felt rather anxious now,
and the thought of giving a good friend of mine the pleasure of venting his
wrath on my person could not reconcile me with the prospect of alighting on
my nose. Mustering as much calmness as I could, and patting him on the
shoulder, I said with a sardonic grin: "VVesterfeld, you are a tritle heated,
I'll leave you now. Think of the matter at your leisure, and remember: If I
did kiss Antonie, what of it P" With these words I left him.
When I was no longer within the reach of his wrath, I asked myself the
question whether, after all, I had acted quite right. But I did not pay much
attention to the matter, in the afternoon or evening I would see Westerfeld
again, and with a few words of explanation everything would be all right.
He really didn't believe that Antonie had been disloyal to him, I fancied, and
his madness was chiefly due to my bumptious answers. Iwas surprised at
my own boldness, and I felt somewhat sorry for him. But he would see that
he had acted foolishly, and it would give him a lesson for the future.
During dinner, however, ser-
JZ3 A V ious doubts took possession of
9 , is - me. Might not Westerfeld in
- his rage .do something which
Z i,Q,'lQfZ-.Q l hllailll might bring pain and grief to
the heart of Antonie? I left
yQJil'5'F qiH 'gt my restaurant before finishing
'iiglfwll My I igxfll my meal and hurried to his
'film V Q iii uw room. I knocked at the door,
w il l i' 7 f and without waiting for an
yi yfianswer, rushed in. The next
g V ,Hmm WN X? . f moment I started back, for
' ,m'ilIif,E3,1i 'Yllll X if X 5 before the looking-glass there
1 Stood a pretty girl, evidently
, a sweet sixteen, busy removing
some slight marks of travel.
. . 1 , - , ,. ,. iv . .
"Sl-IL GALED A1 TIIL INIRUDLR. She gazed at the Intruder Wlth
bewilderment, and a little embarrassed. " Pardon me," I stammered hastily
and out of breath, "is not Dr. Westerfeld here?"
"No," the girl replied, and an expression of joyful surprise was diffusing
itself over her face as she looked at me more closely. "The landlady told
me that my brother had just left for Heidelberg, he is coming back to-night.
I arrived just half an hour after he had gone. Please excuse my finishing my
" With this she brushed back, once more, some
toilet, traveling, you know-
stray locks while she looked with girlish pleasure at her image in the mirror.
U You are Fraeulein Westerfeld, then?" I asked her.
"Yes, my name is Helene Westerfeld. And you are Herr Claussen, are
you not?" I
"I am," I answered astonished. "but how do you know me?"
"From your picture,"-she pointed to my image which adorned the wall
of Westerfeld's room,-"Oscar showed it to me once before, and it was the
first thing I discovered on entering the room. W'on't you stay a while? we
are now old acquaintances, I should thinkf' she remarked with a roguish laugh.
I liked the girl, yes, I liked her very well indeed. But I had no time to
spare, I thought only of Antonie and her enraged lover. "Your brother has
gone to Heidelberg, you say? Then I must go at once," I informed her.
"Oh?" Helene was plainly disappointed. "I am very sorry, Iam not
at all acquainted here, and I thought you could. . ." She suddenly
Stopped in confusion and blushed. "Well, tell my brother to come back
at once, but don't you tell him that I am here, I wanted to surprise him,"
Antonie's happiness was at stake, therefore away, away! I hurried down
stairs, called the nearest cabman, and bade him drive me to the depot at a
gallop. Westerfeld must have taken the train at 12: 26, the next train left at
1:38. But hurrah! hurrah! it was an express train and reached Heidelberg
at 2: 30, only eleven minutes after the first train! I thanked fortune when,
after a severe trial of my patience, I arrived at my destination.
At the door of Mrs. Markwitz' house I learned that Westerfeld was in
the reception room with Antonie. As an old friend of the family, I was
allowed to enter unannounced. To my great surprise, I found the door of
the reception room slightly ajar, and I looked in. Antonie was sitting by the
window, Icould not see her face, Westerfeld was standing some steps from
her, turning his engagement ring. and I caught the words: "Sie sedan,
F meuleifz Ma1'kzvz'tz-" '
That was enough! Ffdfllfflill Ma1'kwz'!s.' Sip! instead of A1ztouz'e and
Du! I thrust open the door and suddenly stood in the centre of the room
If I had dropped from the ceiling, the effect could not have been greater.
Westerfeld reeled a step backwards, and Antonie jumped up with a startled
scream. Westerfeld was the first to regain his composure, and with cold
voice he asked: "Ah, Sie kicr, Herz' C'!zz1zsswz?"
That was no way of addressing a younger member of his Corps. But
what of that now? "Fool!" I blurted out, and turning to Antonielwhose
face showed distinctly that she was struggling with her tears, I exclaimed:
H You have been crying, Antonie! "
It needed only this to make her tears flow copiously. She sank back in
her chair, pressed her handkerchief to her eyes, and cried bitterly. From
her sobs I gathered the words: " You are to blame for it all! "
I felt the pain of remorse and saw no way of making good my fault.
"Well, what consolation have you to offer, Herr Claussen?" Westerfeld
asked me mockingly and unaffected by Antonie's tears. Istepped up to Antonie,
and putting my hand on her head, attempted to comfort her: " Do not worry-"
"No, don't worry," Weste1'felcl broke in, " Herr Claussen will get another
for you,-another man for you! "
"Yes," I retorted, "such as you at the rate of seven a week, and better
ones too! Stop crying, Toni, I am sincerely sorry that I introduced him to
you, but if you knew how long he begged-"
just then there appeared before my mind the image of a lovely rosy girl
in grey traveling-dress, with a heavy blond braid hanging down her back,
with sweet roguishness in her bright eyes, and a charming smile hovering on
her lips. My irritation passed away, and I felt able to speak moderately. I
asked Antonie to wipe away her tears, and Westerfeld to sit down and listen
calmly, and both obeyed.
"Now tell me, Toni, what has been going on here?" Iquestioned. A
fresh stream of tears was all the answer I obtained, and on Westerfeld's face
I noticed traces of something like repentance.
" Now you speak, Othello," I continued. "Come l "
"I wanted nothing but my rights!"
H Your rights? You shall have them ! "
"I shall ! " he returned, and his anger flamed up again. "To-night you
shall account before the Gol-" He recollected in time that he was about to
betray the secret of the Golden Circle, and corrected himself: "-before the
Seniors of the Corps."
Then the unexpected happened. Antonie arose, and facing Wlesterfeld,
spoke firmly and with quiet dignity: "If you mean to do that, Herr Wes-
terfeld, things are
and you do not show me any if you expose me to your Corps in such fl
at an end between us. I demand at least your respect.
I was somewhat posed by
I l's ered in her ear: "That's right! Remain
Westerfeld's threat, but was reassured by
Antonie's ready answer. wn p
strong! If you yield, all will be lost !" And turning to him I asked: "Did
b ' sived b 'a court of honor? And further-
you ever hear of anyone's honor elng .z y
more, what do you want me to account for ?"
"For kissing the intended of your friend."
"What?" I rejoined indignantly. "You claim that I kissed Antonie?"
Well, perhaps she kissed you, which amounts to about the same thing."
" My dear sir, you ought to blush to hint at such a thing. But how do
you come by this crazy notion?"
"Does not this letter show it in every line? Have you not confessed it
yourself? What other evidence do I need ?"
"Do you say that Antonie's letter contained anything of the sort? D0
you assert that I confessed it to you? Think a moment, my dear boy ! 5112111
I repeat my exact words to you? I said: 'If I did kiss-' " I
I paused. The truth which had been gradually dawning upon poor
Westerfeld, now revealed itself to him entirely. I-Ie saw throught thewhole
matter, and saw what he had done. Never have I seen such a mixture of
deep repentance and stupidity on an otherwise intelligent face. He stared at
me speechless, then he caught for a moment the glance of Antonie's eyes
then he stared into space, then cast his eyes on the ground, and-rubbed his
I burst into laug
r Antonie's face. "You see, VVesterfeld,"I remarked gaily Hthe
hter. It was too comical. A flash of merriment passed
wisdom of the law does not seem to go very'far here. Good common sense,
that's what you want!" He still did not dare look up, he was too much
ashamed of himself.
The day was ours.
Antonie, with glowing eyes and with the simple words "Will you bg
good again, Oscar?" offered Westerfeld her hand, and hc, overcome with
emotion, clasped it and passionately drew it to his lips. I know now that it
Was not right for me to witness such a scene, but I simply could not help it.
I do not think that Antonie ever appeared to me more beautiful than at that
moment,-woman is most beautiful when she is truest to herself, when she
"After all, there must be a punishment for you, Oscar!" Antonie con-
tinued after a moment's rellectiong and with such a mischievous smile asI
had never before seen in her face, she clasped her arms about my neck and
kissed me heartily on the lips. "That's to cure him of his folly ! " she whis-
pered. Westerfeld did not object Qneither did U, and his countenance
showed not the slightest trace of dissatisfaction.
"Now, my dears, kiss and make up !" I commanded with a mien and
voice that did not admit of any disobedience, Hquick! I'1l shut my eyes,"-
putting my arms around them I brought them together,-"now kiss her to
your heart's content! That's a good boy! that's a dear girl!" When they
parted, their eyes were misty.
"But now back to Karlsruhe!"I urged. Westerfeld, of course, proposed
to stay in Heidelberg till Sunday night, and finally I had to break my promise
by betraying that his sister had arrived.
"I did not expect her before to-morrow afternoon," he exclaimed,
greatly surprised. "She is going to be present at the wedding of a cousin
of ours." A
" What's the name of your cousin?" I inquired, with my curiosity roused
to the highest pitch.
"You don't say! She is a distant cousin of mine, too! Her wedding
is just what I went to Karlsruhe for! Why, you never asked me about that,
did you? How is she related to you P"
"On father's side. That run's like a comedy, I declare! "
"We are cousins, then, without having known it! And your sister is
my cousin? Hurrah! Shake hands on it, Othello!"
"Why, of course, Heinz, but don't call me Othello any more now !"-
They say there is no wedding celebrated without another couple among
the guests, however young, dreaming of their own wedding. But that belongs
to another story.
A Tragedy in Glass.
Away far off in heaven, half a parallax
:H or so,
' l In the farthest part of heaven, where the
l . ,
,N ' 3 spirits never go,
Z' y .1 ,,!, ,. 1 X E There whirls a queer old planet made of
' " ' I' i my china and of glass,
'H' 'A " 'i lfii , ff g On which is Vitriopolis, where see what
1 - A H r, comes to pass.
"M: if ' 45-7 'Z' This city is a marvel, it is evolution's
. ll 1
H It 'i',l--'L N in
l II .1 qlllwlill' ni ty! w
1' , 1 I. li y ' 'l :
lla h eh l l ll,
' f- E
" '43-F ' freak 3
Survival of the brittlest and consumption of the
Here lives a race whose flesh is glass, and crystal
. ,,. ,
.IM n ,K
Nach and all transparent, though they're not so
Now even in this planet Dan Cupid plied his
Made hearts of quartz go pit-a-pat for crystal- hearted maid. E
Sir Verrc de Verre, quite crystalline, as you full
well may guess,
Was there the glass of fashion, the Mc.-Xllister of'
of dress. I .4
With his genial plate-glass front, as he strutted 'I V ,,'
through the town, A
From street to street to ply his arts, mowed all
the maidens down.
One eye had scarce three minutes rest, the other H9
saw no harm 'J I
In looking up a girl or two to take the owner's 1 , ,
ln the swellest part of up-town, in exclusiveness profound,
Where the real cut-glass elite in opulence were. found,
Lived Rosinante Flintglass, who in fashion held the sway,
And in her endless triflings she rivaled girls ofclay.
This maiden was a jewel, a most precious opal rare,
With teeth like pearls or moonstones, and topaz-colored hair.
Her eyes were like two diamonds set in little seas of blueg
Her cheeks of Gobelin china, and her nose was Gobelin too.
Now lady Rosy lflintglass of Verre de Verre had heard,
And her ruby heart stopped clicking in a fashion most absurd,
Whenthey told her of his charms, a kaleidoscope of joys,
Of the splendor of his glassware, and the tailor he employs!
This artful little maiden, through her mammafs crafty plan,
By hook or crook acquaintance made, and won this fragile man.
His heart at least was fractured, sore in need of a cement,
He resolved that Rosinantc was the glue that nature sent.
Men of glass, like men of clay,-and dogs-all have their day.
In the pleasant time of Autumn, 'long the sea these lovers stray.
'Hyaline and limpid lay the waters near the shore,
Rosinante and her lover heard their hearts and nothing more.
'l'heir footsteps made a clicking which resounded on the strand,
Re-echoed from the bath-house, then died upon the land.
'l'en commandments might have brokeni-they, too, of glass were made
'Twould not have caused disturbance in this couple's promenade.-
In a fragile sort of whisper, like the murmuring molten sea, 5
Near his Rosinante's ear-ring Sir de Verre lisped poesieg
Told her foolish little knick-knacksg all that crockery of love
Which matrimony smashes-only safe in realms above, ' f
l'ellucicl little nothings, which he knew so very well
From time to time to punctuate with, ff Rosy, my gazell-ef'
'l'ill a moment most auspicious drew a query of this trend:
"Will you light the torch of Hymcng with me life's journey wend?"
'l'hen her eyes bright flashed with anger, like a pyrotechnic show.
- - , , V . - 1 U 1 1-
bhe said he was too f0l'W111Kl, and 'twas home he d better go.
'l'hen with action proud and haughty turned she upon her heel,
And he also beat retreat, though he knew it was not real.
She amlmled and he trotted off in silence from the spot,
llut they both looked o'er their s o "fi
I-ler eves were like two magnets, set in most attractive place:
1'IQ tm-11041 31141 flew toward her--she, too, was in the race.
h llltll.lS as did the wife of l,ot.
'l'his careless brittle couple,when
they met in fond CIlllll'2lCC
.Xttaiued to such momentum only
l atoms strewed the space,
Crashed in fragments on the sea-
beach, where their parents
searched in vain,
lfor the crystal atoms mingled
with the sands that hound
Such a bright prismatic courting,
with its sad and tragic end,
Has a moral and a meaning if
X attentive ear you'll lend.
li All who will in love be bplffllllg,
l and who in glass houses
Think of Rosy and her lover, and
the fate which them befell.
C. 1-l. XIAN 'l'Xx'Ni-1.
Jones' Horned Todd.
ANG the idiot, anyway! What the deuce does he suppose I want with a
horned toad! "
Jones was in a state of mind. He had just received a letter from his old
friend Benson who had found a salt hill in southern California, had bought a
congressional seat already with it and had promise of the governorship if the
fields only hung out a few years more. The choicest bit of information the
letter contained was the following:
"You heard me speak, when I was home, of the horned toad, one of the
rarest of our California pets-not rare in numbers I mean, Bob, but rare in
the sense that Ben Jonson was 'rare old Ben Jonson,' or 'a rare' old plant
is the ivy green,' which latter we used to shout forth in concert from the old
Appleton reader, in the little brick school house under the hill, as you doubt-
less well remember ..... I shipped the toad today by express and I
presume this letter will precede it by but a few hours. The horned toad
is a great pet here, being especially a favorite with the women, ridding the
house of Hies and vermin, and being a general all round assistant to house-
keeping, Clara affirms, etc., etc."
"That's really interesting," ruminated Jones. "I saw one of those
horrible nightmares last summer in a drug store window. Of all the abom-
inations an all wise Providence has ever constructed I think they easily take
the bakery, from the ice cream apparatus in the cellar to the candy manufac-
turing plant on the second Hoor. Then Ella is away too! If she were only
here to join me in getting the thing out, if she could feel her marrow chill
when the ugly animated wart drops out on the carpet, as it is sure to, why I
would feel better. I'
That afternoon a package came. It was marked "San Diego, Cal.,"
and Jones knew, of course, what it contained. He had the express mes-
senger stand it up in a corner of the office to await his hour of departure.
He looked at it furtively occasionally as if fearful that the pseudo-batrachian
had powers of crawling through thick pasteboard and presenting itself on the
outside of its enforced nest of a 2,000 mile journey.
The afternoon passed fast enough for jones and five o'c10ck seemed to
whirl around on the clock' dial almost too soon, considering the task he had
before him. jones slunk into his overcoat and with a hand almost tremb-
ling and a heart fiuttering with fear, took up the box and hailed his street car.
He placed the pasteboard at his feet and kept his eyes fastened on it. He
wished once the thing inside could have jumped into the lap of that disagree-
able looking woman in the third seat from him who had a red face and who
was berating Chicago and extolling New York to the height of the Masonic
Temple building at least.
Arrived home he placed the bit of pasteboard, containing about fifty
square inches of fear and trembling, on the mantle-piece. 'Then he went into
" I guess this will do for the beast," said he, bringing down from a lofty
perch a bird cage of some seasons previous. "I don't know what else to put
him in. I'll chuck him in here and then catch the flies and feed them to him.
Let's see, February, no flies around now much are there? But-well I'll
feed him bread and milk off the baby's rattle and find a cockroach or two for
him in the barn. He's got to go in the cage anyway. The idea of Benson
ests to wander around his house at will, to crawl up the cur-
tains, to get into bed with you, ough! I don't know what he will be doing if
he stays out in California much longer, probably be coddling centipedes and
allowing such p
roosting with scorpions."
Then Jones took the bird cage to the sitting room and sized up the box
again furtively. "Now," thought he, "I must hit upon some sort of an
arrangement for getting the pesky thing from the box into the cage. I've got
it!" Then he fell to work and in fifteen minutes had constructed from a num-
ber of boxes in the garret a pasteboard tunnel shaped affair.
"Now the toad," said he gleefully, "will jump from the box into this
tunnel shaped business and then hop through into the cage. Great head! If
I lose him never a word to Ella. I'll have to buy a pistol, I suppose, undef
circumstance, and hunt for the little cuss high and low. But he Sharif
get away, so theref' and the last was accompanied by a heroic setting of the
"Now all ready, jones, be aman! Don't let a little thing like a toad
scare you to death. You're a fool. Easy! Didn't you stand at the cannon's
mouth at Shiloh? There, the thing is busted anyway. Drat it, I wonder what
Benson wanted to send me a toad for anyway. He always had a queer idea
of a joke. There, the paper's off. Easy now! Oh, jones, your hand is
trembling like a leaf. You idiot! Iwish Ella was here--then if thething
escaped I could tell her she was scared to death and keep my own fear con-
cealed from myself. I don't see what's the matter with meg sweat standing
out in perfect beads. I wish Benson was here. I'd push his nose more than
I did when we used to chant together, 'a rare old plant is the ivy green,' in
the little old red school house, he was so fond of telling about in that letter
of his. I guess I'1l take a little brandy, then my nerve will come back to me.
There! Now, Jones, be a man." QLifts the box lid and sees the tip of one
horn and t-hz stony stare of an eye. Slams it shut.j " Whiz, what a look
ing thing! Talk about nightmares! They are not in it. The night Icame
home from the Democratic State Convention I never dreamed of anything so
frightful as that."
, Then he took another draught of brandy. "There aint no use of being
scared. Brace up! The thing aint poisonous, Benson said, Qif he's got the
right kindlj and I'm hanged if I'm afraid of a toad, just a toad. There," and
he lifted up the lid again. Then he placed the opening down to the tunnel
shaped affair and waited for the toad to hop. He waited thus a plump min-
ute, a minute as awful as that one when the line was formed for the first
charge at Shiloh.
"What the dence is the matter with the bird? Probably frozen to death.
I hope so, drat him-and Benson." Then with a superhuman effort he took
the lid off a little further. " It's worth the two of my eyes I suppose if the
thing jumps into my face," said he, "but I'm getting reckless, and I don't
care. But first, if the thing does give me a bite I ought to say something
about Benson. So here goes. Benson is a-a-an ass. " Then jones lifted
the lid with the expectation of dire consequences, a probable awakening on
those shores from whose bourne no traveller returns.
Then he saw a gleam of highly polished wood in the lamplight, and
slowly the outlines of the toad made their way to his fevered brain. He lifted
the lid higher, higher. The toad never stirred.
" Nice toad," he murmured.
"Damn the toadf' he exclaimed, as the lamplight finally dispelled the
last bit of darkness in the box. " If it ain't mounted, and I am the biggest
fool in the whole city of Chicago." - V
Then jones took the box and the toad and the letter and saw them all
burn away in the grate, 'with a supreme satisfaction.
GEORGE R. BARKER.
Why I Love Spring.
Blithe nature now in rapture wakes
The happy birds their Inatins sing,
And everything that breathes is glad,
But that's not why I love the spring.
From sunny nooks the sweet wild flowers
On wandering airs their fragrance fling,
And tassels dance on waving boughs,
But that's not why I love the spring.
Throughout the joyous campus now
With echoing shouts glad voices ring,
The base ball season now begins,
And Ma! is why I love the spring.
R. O. AUSTIN.
Wben lt's Evening Here.
They say that when our village first sees the evening star
It is the hour of noon where Jamie dwells afar,
And that when the sunset hues are fading on his sight
The village soundly sleeps-it is the dead of night.
I do not know the truth, but it always seems to me
That when it's evening here it's the same across the sea,
And that when the dusk has come and found me weeping here
My boy in foreign lands is shedding many a tear.
There's little we can proveg I could not even show
That there are tears with God when there are tears below,
Then let the wise ones talk, it will always seein to me
That when it's evening here, it's the same across the sea.
An Autumnal Reverie.
Calm as the sky that bends above,
The churchyard lies. 'Tis hallowed ground,
l"or everything that there is found
Hath consecrated been in love.
All tranquil doth the river stray,
'l'he shadows o'er its surface play:
Beyond, the scene that meets the gaze,
Is softened by autumnal haze,
And in the distance melts away.
Now hither have I come to muse
Amid the silent graves, alone-
Save that by yonder little stone
A mother weeps and flowers strews.
To russet yellow changed hath been
Summer's fair robe of living green,
The grass, "the uncut hair of graves,"
All sere and withered, nods and waves,
As if to beckon wraiths unseen.
I gaze until yon landscape seems
In endless aisles to stretch away,
Like mazy paths that lead astray,
Or the dim avenues of dreams.
In life I wander dimmer ways,
Obscured by more than autumn's haze,
The shadow of the vast 'l'o-be
O'e1' me is thrown eternally,
And I am lost amid the maze.
Light as yon sky-embosomed cloud
My heart was, in the sum1ner days,
Ere Autumn wrapped me in her haze
And made the very earth a shroud.
Now all that blithesomeness is flown,
I feel aweary and alone,
'Round me the leaflets lightly fall '
And spread o'er earth's dead bloom a pall
And o'er the silent graves are strown,
l3are boughs in dreary beauty move,
As if they sought to tell their woes,
As if they ne'er could find repose,
And mourn and murmur from the grove.
My heart mourns with them, with a grief
Deeper than theirs, for theirs is brief.
I mourn days lost and duties shunned
And hopes or dead or moribund,
They mourn for many a fallen leaf.
Hast thou, O Autumn, naught of peace
With which to still my troubled breast
And free it of its wild unrest
And bid its thirst and hunger cease?
Thee, Autumn, I implore in vain,
Thou hast no power to ease 1ny pain,
Unchanging law hath brought thee here,
And will thee bring another year,
And so, while seasons wax and wane.
The same slow-circling march of Time
That brings thee yearly, nearer brings
Unto their graves all mortal things
To moulder unto dust and slime.
The dust upon which our feet tread
Hath been by life once quickenedg
The leaves that summer-crowned the trees
With foliage, have all been as these
That, strewn o'er graves, lie withered.
And I, at last, have come to see
That ages wrought that I might live,
And I must my own labor give
For generations yet to be.
In holy labor and sublime
A All toils, unconsciously, to climb
To conscious life from stocks and stones.
In travail all creation groans
And waits the fullnesses of time.
FRANK P. DANIELS
The Deed of the Low.
HERE were four of us seated around the room,-
Holt's and mine-one evening early in last October.
The elder of our two visitors, who were brothers,
was Frank Rickson, a tall, swarthy fellow of about
. ' fi,
twenty-four, to whom Gus, though shorter, bore a
considerable resemblance. Frank had received his
. Engineer's degree last june, and was already located,
but had taken a few days off to come down and get his Freshman brother well
started on his college course.
He had been very kind to Holt and me last year " when we first came
on the campus" and we were glad of a chance to pay Gus the debt of grat-
itude we owed Frank. A truer or more honorable friend I never knew than
this young engineer, and altogether he was just such a man as a fellow likes
to meet and to tie to. I say "as a fellow," for I'll admit that very rarely, if
ever, could Frank have impressed the ladies as a suitable person to tie to,-
for good you know. Of all the bashful fellowsl ever saw, Frank towered
head and shoulders above every competitor. Bashful was no name for it.
He could be graceful and easy in conversation with the boys, but let one
demure little co-ed appear, and
ff I have marked
A thousand blushing apparitions start
Into his face, a thousand innocent shames
In angel whiteness bear away those blushesf'
From white to red he turned and back again, his lips moved, but no sound
came therefrom, his stiff fingers sought pockets, where no pockets ever
thought of being, and- but it's too painful a subject for my sympathetic pen
to deal with. A would-be Freshman, who has just learned in a short tete-a-
tete with our Prexy, that a five-year old diploma from the Oshkosh High
School will not admit him, and who has visions of coming confidential inter-
views with Messrs. Beman, Carhart, Freer ik Co. ere he can a college stu-
dent be, is in the third heaven compared to poor Frank in one of his trials.
He knew his failing, and while he laughed about it with us, we knew that it
plagued him and that he tried his best to overcome it. But I should have
been discouraged over my progress, I thought, had I been in his place.
However, to my deepest amazement, at a few concerts and socials 01
his last semester, I had seen him acting as escort to a pretty little blonde,-
at least, I suppose that is what he was doing. But at the concerts and lec-
tures he kept his eyes glued to the stage, and I never saw him speak a word
to her. At the socials, he went out and sat on the steps until time to go
home. At these gatherings, he never introduced any one to her, but she
always seemed to have a few acquaintances present, and always looked the
picture of sunny happiness. I hadn't seen her for the last few weeks before
I came home, and to tell the truth, had nearly forgotten her.
But to return to our October evening once more. We talked and
laughed, and astonished Gus with the same old tales of college life that had
thrilled Holt and me last year, and Frank four years before. VVhat the
Independents had told us about the wild and reckless lives led by the Frats,
what grinds and plodders the poor old Independents were, anyway, as our
Fraternity friends assured us, ghastly adventures of the Medics in the Ana-
tomical Lab, old Doc Naegley's weird doings, how the Laws yell, what a
time there was last Halloween, what a hot player Tom Jones was on the
eleven, and "was he back?", what grinds Prof. This and Tute That were,
and "look out for them", and,-well, patient reader, you know them all
and have either told or listened to them yourself, only a few months ago.
As we rambled on. a noise commenced in the room above us, and the
row, which was apparently good-natured, kept getting worse and worse, till
I finally made a unique and striking pun on H What j's these fresh Laws are,
anyhow." The Freshman guffawed outright, but Frank only smiled weakly,
while Holt cast a malicious look and a sofa pillow at me.
When things had resumed their normal--perhaps I should say university
-order, Frank looked at me in a funny sort of way, and said:
" Blake, don't ever let me hear you speak a slanderous word of a J. Law
again, even in fun."
" Eh?" I said, but there was more astonishment and more question
mark crowded into that one elegant little expression, than I ever felt before,
except when I got my credit in Freshman Math.
"That's straight, old man," was the smiling, or rather grinning, reply.
Of course all this called for an explanation, and after a good deal of urg-
ing, Frank slowly and hesitatingly explained, about like this:
"Well, I presume you fellows will remember having seen me with a
young lady a few times last semesterq Guess anyone who's ever noticed me
in such circumstances will never forget the sight," he added, with a smile
that wasn't more than half a smile, and then, with an earnest face, went on,
"But you wus! remember this girl, she was that lovely Miss Rodman, and I
tell you fellows, she's just as good as she looks."
"Shrine of the mighty, can it be that fellow's in love?" I thought, and
sure enough my penetrating mind had read his secret, for Frank continued:
"VVell, two months from to-day, she's going to be Mrs. F. A. Rickson,
and I'n1 going to be-I am the happiest man in Michigan, and if it hadn't 'a
been for one of those Laws, I'd never la got 'er at 511, by thunder," his
emotions culminating in as near an approach to profanity as I ever heard
There was another pause. Then,
"You see I met Nellie way along last winter, and I don't know why,
but I didn't seem to feel quite so miserable with her as I did with most girls.
So I thought I'd call, and I did two or three times, as well as I could, and,
some way or other, Ilnever could tell afterward how it happened, I invited
her to one of the Choral Union concerts. This went off pretty well on the
whole. She gave me her fan -a beauty-to take care of for her, and I
dropped it in the mud, right where a hack horse stepped on it before I could
get it back. But aside from that, nothing serious occurred except that I lost
her in the crowd going down stairs, and found her about fifteen minutes
later, all alone in the Main Hall.
"Since I'd taken her to one thing, Ifelt, someway, that I just had to
take in whatever came along,-didn't dare miss one-and when there wasn't
anything going on, I'd go over and spend the evening. And there I'd sit and
look at her, and twist in my chair, and blush and stammer, and wonder why
I should have to keep living on, and--oh, it was awful! But it really never
occurred to me to stay away. It began to be hard work to study, and I
thanked goodness that I had a pretty good record behind me, which I hoped
would carry me through. I kept trying to work, but I'd see her face before
me instead of my books and plates, and it got worse and worse till, finally,
one day, when old Prof. X. had me on my feet, it struck me just like a shot
that I was in love with that girl. Iwas so scared I couldn't have told an
electric cell from a Freshman and fiunked dead. Had to take an exam in
june to pay for it.
"Well, it was that same evening that the Laws gave their night-gown
parade to guy our cap and gown swing-out. You remember what a bedlam
there was, with tin horns and yells, and how the row finally ended by the Lits
going at it and tearing up those judicial robes. Most everybody got a piece
fora souvenir. When Iwent over to Nellie's that night, she asked me to
take hc-r up to the campus to see the fun. So ive started out. But about a
block from the house, she remarked, 'VVell, Mr. Rickson fl'd never thought
of daring to ask her to call me Frankj, I'm going home to-morrow.' Seemed
to me I felt her arm tighten a little on mine just then, but Ilxvas so nearly
used up that I couldn't realize much of anything, except that she lived seven
hundred miles away, and to-morrow she was going home, and this was the
lust evening before to-morrow.
"XN'e watched the excitement a while, but some way it didn't seem very
interesting to us, and pretty soon we wandered off, away from there, and-
well, I don't know where we went. All I can remember is that I didn't say
ten words during that entire stroll, till we finally came down the long Campus
walk, from the southeast corner. If silence really is golden, I never expect to
be so rich again. About two hundred and seventeen times I had opened my
mouth to say something -you can guess what-but I always shut it up again
in despair-4and also in silence. And it was the most despairing sort of des-
pair, and the most silent kind of silence, too, I tell you Mal. By this time,
also, the racket had pretty near let up, and while I had a sort of dazed
sensation that there was something going on, I was so nearly collapsed, that
it wasn't any more than a sensation.
"VVell, when we got down there in front of the library, she said she
believed well better go home Qshe lived down on N. Ingallsj. I said I
guessed so, too-may Heaven forgive me for it! So we turned into that little
path through those thick evergreens, both of us looking down and not saying
anything. Nellie had given up long before any hope of making me talk at
nfl, Mn! night, I presume. Anyway she didn't say any more than I did. But
I was thinking Mzrd. VVell, just as we got right in the darkest part of that
. . I ,
path, and I'd tried once more to--to say what I wanted to, but had compro-
mised on the assertion that it was pretty dark along there, there came a blast
:like Gabriel's trumpet and a great, white figure came up the path, and right
after it were four black forms. In three seconds they had brushed past us
'land completely vanished. Of course it was only four Lits after a stray Law
iwith a fish-horn, but to our startled eyes and ears it was as if some super-
natural prowler, up for an hour or so, had run across his old cadaver over in
the Anatomical Lab and was caught in the act of lugging it off, by a quar-
itette of imps sent up by old Nick in search of his property.
"The suddenness of it made me feel weak myself for an instant, but
Nellie-poor nervous little thing, was all used up-fainted clear away and
would have fallen if I hadn't caught her. Well, as I looked down on that
white face as she lay so still in my arms, my miserable nervousness bid me
good-bye, and I felt just as cool and collected as Ido now." fPoor Frank
stammered, and his face was red, redder, reddest as he said this, but he
didn't know it.j "XVhen she opened her eyes and smiled up at me, boys, I
began to talk, and I know I must have talked beautifully, too, though I can't
remember a word I said. But I know it was a good talk because she never
moved, and when I stopped at last, she just whispered 'Yes, Frank,' and I
tell you fellows, it must have taken a mighty good speech to persuade a girl
that she wanted to marry any such blunderbuss as I am."
Frank stopped. I had an idea but held my tongue, and pretty soon he
didn't seem so very far away after all--not near so far as she did the day before
when we were both right here in Ann Arbor. I don't know who that Law
was-I hope they didn't catch him-but ever since that night I've looked
with beaming eyes and a fond heart upon all the little eccentricities indulged
on down N. Ingalls, and next day Nellie went home, but she
in by his kind. Boys, " he went on solemnly, "fm thankful for the Laws,
and may the Lord bless them all! "
"And you and Nellie, too," laughed I-Iolt.
And I added,
"Of all the girls that e'er was seen
Therefs none so fine as Nelly."
A few minutes later, as we stood at the door bidding Frank and Gus
good-night, the former said, "Well, fellows, we're pretty good friends and
I've told you all this, but you see that you don't let it get any further,
Good-bye, I'm going to leave to-morrow." And with more good-byes and
good wishes, the door was closed upon as fine a fellow as ever entered it.
Next morning I strolled over to the place where I roomed last year and
received the good lady's permission to go up into the attic, where my trunk
used to stand, "to see if I could find a shoe which I missed after Igot homefl
I didn't see the shoe, but in a corner of the garret, from a heap of odds and
ends of old clothing, I finally drew forth a ragged fragment, once white, but
now as muddy and begrimed as it was torn and tattered. This I stuffed into
my pocket, and mournfully remarking that "Somebody must be ahead a good
shoe," I went hotne. Inside of :ui hour there was at suiztll parcel ztutl Z1 let
ter in the nearest lll2LlllJOX, both bearing the ztclclress, '
UMR. F. H. Ricusou,
The letter read like this:
".'XNx Aiuson. Nlllfll., Oct. 6th, 1894.
4 ' Unix' l'll'zIllA' .'
"I was one of those four l,its. Perlinps ztftcr all, you'll be glad to kno
- ss mils 11Sl1lllClllClllUOf t
that we caught that l.ztw. l senml you my share of the 1
1' o write up YOU!
night you'll like to reineinlmer, onlv asking in return IJLIIIHSSIUII t
little rotnztnce. lf you won't give it, please return my ettpturetl battle flag.
" Yours us ever,
And it never ezune buck.
SIIIRIJEY W. SMITH.
The Waking of the Violet.
l'he little buds burst in sunny March
In sunny March so gay:
'l'hey heard the crow
Caw over the snow
That deep in the woodland lay.
The little buds slept in the balmy ai
And dreamed of a day in june:
They felt the brush
Of the robin's wing,
.-Xnd woke a-hush
'l'o hear hini sing
His rollicking lovcr's tune.
The bluebird whistled below the fcll
The gray field shimmercd with huit
And deep in the dell
There wakened and stirred,
At the song of the bird,
The violet dainty and sweet.
This crimson tulip, many a year
Withered and faded, flower and leaf,
Still fragrant with her kiss, is dear
As love and life and hallowed grief.
Long years ago I walked with her
In silent paths, and fondly told
In words that all too feeble were,
The love I could no more withhold.
She took this tulip from her breast
And made it holy with her kiss,
And while her smile was loveliest,
' Said softly, "Take my love with this.'
The years are gone and she with them,-
The faded tulip still remains,
More precious than pearled diadem
Or incense sweet in holy fanes.
And as I dream with tear-blurred eyes
She seems so near that I aver
. She hath come back from Paradise.
She hath come back, and all her way
With crimson tulips is bestrewn-
Fair, lovely flowers that speak alway
Of deathless love and youth and June
flower remains and breathes of her,-
FRANK P. DAN1EI.s.
Violets, dear violets,
A With hearts of gold and blue!
I hope that you can say for me
What I can say for you.
For me she tells she loves you well
And ever and for aye would dwell
Where you were sure to be--
Can you say that of mc? H.
Dandy Lion is a fop,
Courts the violet blue,
"And will you be my own true love?
I swear I'll aye be truef'
False Dandy Lion.
When the summer days are o'er,
Off fiies Dandy gay,
Though the violet breaks her heart,
Though she pines away.
False Dandy Lion.
Not worlds on worlds in phalanx deep
Need we to prove a God is here,
The daisy, fresh from winter's sleep,
Tells of his hands in lines as clear,
Who else but he who arched the skies,
And pours the day-spring's living flood,
Wondrous alike in all he tries,
Could raise the daisy's purple bud:
Mould its green cup, its wiry stem,
Its border nicely fringed could spin,
And cut the gold enameled gem
That, set in silver, gleams within?
Then fling it unrestrained and free,
O'er hill and dale and desert sod,
That man, where're he walks, may see
In every stamp the step of God.
fHE oi-' THE coUN'r1ar.j
Oh well for the pecans of joy
That break from the high organ loft,
And well for the singer's sweet voice
That tells us the old story oftg
But the music that lulls me to sleep,
As deep in the clover I lie,
Is the drone of the bee and the cheep
Of the chickadee birds as they fly.
Oh well for the voices of men,
And well for their hearts as they beat
As near as they may to the heart
Which nature alone can repeatg
I will stay where the winds and the grass
Make a song that you never can know
Who hang on a sweet singer's lips
Or list to grand orat'ry's flow,
cl-IE or THE cl'1'v.j
Oh well for the break of the wave,
And well for the coo of the dove,
And well for thedeep droning bee
That lowly doth speak of its loveg
But the music that lulls as it beats
Like a throb of first joys and of pain
It breaks from the voices of speech
And is touched by the fingers of men
Oh well for the hush of the corn
And the sweep of the wind through
And the moan of the storm as it beats,
A demon that stalks in the rain,
But the music that pleases me most,
'l'hat brings the hot blood to the che
Is the symphonies love's lingers find
Where other love bids it to seek.
'l'hen, which is the truest and best,
The music of nature or man?
Oh tell me, brown eyes, if you will,
Tell me, own heart, if you can.
I looked upon the surging throngs,
Intent on wealth and fameg
Lzuuented loud the many wrongs,
'l'hc crime, the sin, and shame.
None righteous, no, not one! I cried.
Alas that it must be!
We all, yea all, have sins to hide
Excepting only me!
B. F. K.AS'l'L
A Subtle Fancy.
I wish I were a credit slip,
For then she'd prize me dearg
And happy she would never be
Until she had me near.
I wish my rival were a con.,
For then, it's plain to see,
She'd hurry to get rid of him
And give his place to me.
But I would be a pluck if she
Should smile upon my foeg
For me she then must take again,
And better learn to know.
H. R. K.
Nlore Truth Tbon Poetry.
Of all the joys
Of college boys-
No secrets I'm disclosing-
Naught makes him so glad
As a letter from dad,
A fat bank check enclosing.
' ' Ps-uvsucm. LABORATORY. '
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HIS year THE CASTALIAN salutes its friends in a somewhat new guise.
Having carefully considered the needs and tastes of the students of
Michigan, we have introduced features new at leastto the present under-
graduates. It has been our aim to make THE CASTALIAN more of a literary
annual per se, and somewhat less of a handbook than in former years. To
this end we publish articles of some length on the most important depart-
ments and organizations of the University, in addition to a larger amount of
purely literary matter than has been customary for some years. We have
also followed the example of the current literature of the times in illustrating
freely, in the best style available. Thus constituted, we await the judgment
of the students of the University of Michigan.
FOR many years the task of a CAs'rAI.IAN editor has been an onerous one.
He has been obliged, not only to work long and hard, with no recompense
and little recognitiong but also to stand his share of the almost inevitable
financial loss that ensued. This is a manifest injustice to those who must
undertake this task in addition to their University work, at the risk of neg-
lecting one or both. It is our earnest wish that seine time in the future THE
CASTALIAN, or whatever may take its place, will be secured against financial
difficulties by those in whose interests it is issued. We suggest a guarantee
deposit by the class. Further, as regards work spent on Tins CASTALIAN,
we speak from experience in saying that there are many courses in English
on college curriculums that are of less benefit than practical work in college
journalism. This deserves here the recognition it is awarded elsewhere.
THE mention of financial loss brings into consideration another matter
worthy of serious attention. It has often been commented on that the grad-
uating class of Michigan issues two annuals, both losing ventures, when one
might be made a success in every way. The time of bitter strife has long
since passed by, and now, we have been given to understand, all that stands in
the way of a successful joining of ventures is the question of a name. We
would suggest that the Pn!!na'z'um, as an annual pertaining strictly to the
fraternities, need by no means interfere with the issuing of a University
annual by Fraternities and Independents combined. The Oracle is an exam-
Ple of such a publication, and the Ddlbf, originally controlled by one party,
has recently wisely amended its constitution so as to give representation to
both. Such an example it would be well to follow. In the case of the Dazfv
it will certainly result in a better paper than heretofore-naturally, for the best
talent is to be found neither all in one party nor all in another, but in both.
And in the event of a union of annuals we have reason to be as sanguine.
99 .K 99
WHILE it does not pertain to our department, still as a matter of impor-
tance to the University, we would voice our approval of the lengthening of
the law course from two years to three, and the advancement of the standard
Of education required for admission. It has been in the past but too true
an accusation that the Law Department was easy to enter and easy to grad-
uate from. Such a condition of things naturally attracted the rough element
that has given the department as a whole bad repute. This class, it is
hoped, will be kept away now by increased requirements, and their places
filled by educated students. It is our opinion that to be intelligently suc-
cessful, a lawyer should be well versed in knowledge aside from a merely
technical education. THE CASTALIAN, for one, heartily welcomes the three
years' law course.
-JE 96 A
WE HAVE most just reason to be proud of Michigan's recent advance in
athletics. We of 'Ninety-five can speak with knowledge, for it has been our
fortune to enter college at the time when the revival of athletics had its
beginning in the erection of the gymnasium. It is indeed fitting that the
gift of an alumnus of athletic Yale should start in Michigan the development
in athletics that has already resulted in the humbling of our old rival, Cor-
nell, and the re-establishment of our University in the first rank at football
The Waterman Gymnasium has done for us not only this, but it has shown
its good work in all branches of athletic sport. We can point to it with
pride as a college gymnasium that already provides instruction for the college
girls as well as for the boys, and which will soon, thanks to the generosity of
two of our regents, have ample provision for both.
BUT a gymnasium was only one of our University's many needs. It is
still in need of endowments, scholarships and fellowships. The generous
action of Mr. Buhl, Miss Coyl, Regents Barbour and Hebard, Mr. Stearns
and others, betoken a new interest, but many must emulate these givers
before we can hope to stand on an equal footing with such institutions as
Harvard or Chicago.
THE CASTALIAN desires to make the following announcement of the
award of prizes.
Stor f "Brother Otl'1ell0,".. . .. Edwizz Rom'der.
Y' Q"Pierre,"............. .... ...... Be1y'amz'fz F. Mrlazzlh.
Poem, "I.oved,"........ ...........Fl'H7Ik P. Dam'c1'.v.
Macmillan X Co.'s Globe edition of English Poets, I4 volumes.
Humorous sketch, 'fjones' Horned Toad,"......... Gcnzggc R. l5'arkw'.
VVebsler's lnternalional Dictionary.
IN conclusion, THE CASTALIAN wishes to thank the following for their
valuable assistance toward its success.
Messrs. Macmillan 8 Co., for putting within our reach the prize offered
by us for the poem.
Hon. B. F. Graves, of Detroit, for his sketch of Regent Barbour.
Mr. Edwin Denby, '96 Law, for his article on Chinese Education.
Messrs. E. J. Ottaway and D. B. Luten, of last year's CASTALIAN, for
much valuable advice and aid.
Professors Drake and Hench, and Mr. Rebec, for their service as judges.
And finally, the Register Publishing Company, to whose excellent facili-
ties, and to the good taste of whose manager and employees THE CASTALIAN
owes so much.
tt'l'he judges, Professors Drake and llench, and Mr. Rebee, were unable to settle on any one
story, hence it became necessary to divide the prize.
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I-IIE department of Literatu1'e, Science and the Arts was established in the
fall of 1841. It antedates any one of the other departments by nine
years. With a faculty of two professors and a student body of six members
the first year's work of education was carried on in Greek, Latin, Mathemat-
ics, Literature, Physics and Intellectual and Moral Philosophy.
Since then, with the exception of the "hard times" year of 1893-4, the
annual increase in attendance has been very perceptible. The courses of
study now enable the student to do strictly University work. The faculty
numbers some ninety members, while in all departments there are two hun-
dred and eighty-five professors and instructors.
Co-education has been in vogue for a quarter of a century. Only eleven
women entered the literary department the first year. As early as 1875
women constituted over IO per cent. of its enrollment, in 1890-1, 30.5 per
cent., in 1894-5, 32 per cent. The aggregate enrollment in all departments
this year is 2864, the largest to date, of which 1518 are in the Literary
department. Sixteen foreign countries are represented and all the states and
territories except Georgia, Delaware and Nevada.
WILSON KLINGLER, '95,
RICHARD R. IIYMAN,
NIcI.I.IIa J. MAIIAIQRICY,
PEARL I.. CoI.Isv,
PI.A'I"I' R. BUSH,
JAMES S. HANlJX",
RoRI2R'I' O. AIISIIN,
FRANK P. DANIELS,
ANN L. RIQHARIJS,
JAMES O. MURIIIN,
PHILIP D. BOURLAND,
F. F. VAN TUYI.,
MISS M. E. TAvI.oR,
THOS. E. GOODRICH,
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JOS. M. IDAVIS, , Tn'a.runv'.
CHAS. M. HOI.'l', Omfar.
IGDNA IC. GRI M Izs, ' .lf11vfor1'a11.
ALICE CRISSMAN, !'oc1'Ir.rs.
MVRA M. PoS'I', Pnyzhclffss.
G ICO RG IC B. RUSS I.: I., 7ba.v!ma.vffr.
JOHN B. JOHNSTON, . Plz-mfwzl.
1QI.I.I3N C. HoGI2IsooM, Wee-P1'c.vz'1z'e1zf.
MELVIN P. PORTER, . . . . Sccrcfaljf and T1'ca.rw'c1
ANNAH MAY SoUI.Iz, D. F. VVILCOX, and OFIIICERS,
SENIOR CLASS OFFICERS
FRIED E. BRADl"lliI.lJ,
J. A. I.lf:Rov,' .
W. IC. 17l'1XVl'l"l',
H. G. l'AUl,, ,
O. S. Rlclmoln,
Rav R. NVILICY,
G. F. f1ll.I.lC'l",l',
S. B. '1iREMl3I,,l'2,
R. W. HANVKINS,
R. C. BOURLAND, '
FR1'1'z C. Hvmc,
WVINWRICD Bl-LMAN, ,
O'1"l'o H. HANS,
G. Fos'rlcR SMITH, .
HARIQY WVI+2lNS'l'l'2lN, .
H. W. S'I,'ANlJAR'l',
Rav M. HARIJY, ,
RICHAliI.7 D. Hl'IAhll'IS,
H. T. HEALD, ..
JOHN BUTLIQR, ,
Class Officers, l895.
Juryior Class '96,
IQATHARINE E. PUNQHRUN,
'l'. PAUL Hlclucv.
Sophomore Class. '97.
Freshman Class, '98.
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HE Law Department exhibits this year both improvement in instruction
and increase in numbersg the enrollment being 66l against 607 last
year. Another professor has been added to the faculty, who devotes his whole
time to the work of the practice court which was so successfully inaugurated
last year. Each student is required to prepare and conduct the trial of actual
cases before the court and a jury composed of students.
Professor C. Knowlton retires from the deanship at the end of the
year, but retains his position on the faculty as lecturer and text-book instruc-
tor. He will be succeeded as dean by Professor H. B. Hutchins, at present
acting dean of the Cornell Law School. Next year another change will be
made--that of extending the course from two to three years, and raising
the standard of admission to about that required by the Literary Department
to enter for the degree of Bachelor of Letters.
For the first time in the history of the department the Senior Law Class
are to leave behind a class memorial. To that end, as a fitting monument and
also as a tribute to genius, that honor may be done to one of the founders of
the law department, they have had made a bronze bust of judge Thomas M,
Cooley, which will be placed in the law library.
EDWARD M, WALSH, '95 LAW,
J- -- ..
E. M. WALSH, .
T. S. LACKIIY, .
MISS AGNES F. XVATSON,
G. S. FIELD, . .
W. S. WVALI., . .
PI-1II.O G. BURNHAM, .
J. W. FIQRRIIQR, .
G. W. DAYTON,
W. C. MICHAlEI.S,
W. E. MURPI-Iv,
J. J. BISHOP, .
Isl Vin'-I '1'1'.I'1?1'1'11f.
.MlIll!7,gr!'l' 1:I'l',1l, .vlorfx
Class Orator and Poet to be chosen by competition.
P. J. CROSBY, .
FRED L. INGRAHAM,
OCTAVIA W. BATES, .
H. A. DAVIS,
O. S. WII.I.IAMS,
E. L. NORIQIS,
M. MAVAMA, .
E. B. Goss, .
A. J. BESSIE,
C. J. COLE, .
E. SNEARLY, .
M. L. CLAWSON,
F. M. SPRINGIQR,
R. B. MI'l'CHELI.,
W. B. HA'1'cI-I,
J. W. POWERS,
P. G. Class.
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HE recent advancement of the Medical Department has been marked
and encouraging to those interested in the University. In 1890 this
department introduced the four years course, it being the first medical school
in the United States to take this action. There is no other school in the
country in which the student is required to possess the practical working
knowledge of bacteriology that is required here, and yet one does not need
to understand very thoroughly the medicine of the present to appreciate the
importance of this branch.
Professor McMurrich, who was called to the chair made vacant by the
death of Professor Ford, has proved himself to be a gentleman of broad
scholarship both by his writings on biology and by his lectures on general
Again a most encouraging feature of the recent development of the
department is found in the fact that the addition to the courses of study has
not diminished the attendance, although the time is much longer and require-
ments for admission practically the same as for admission to the Scientific
course of the Literary Department. But on the contrary the attendance of
the Medical department was larger last year than any preceding year.
H. A. HAZE, Medic '95.
W H1 Battle
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ln their endeavor to meet the demands of the patrons of a large Sanitarium, for special food pl-cp.
arattons, the undersigned have produced within the last twenty years, a numhcr of health foods, the
permanent and increasing popularity of which is ample evidence of their merits.
The following, among other preparations, are in constant use at the Battle Creek Sanitarium, and
ape. also sulliplied, at moderate prices, to those who, hecomiug acquainted with their intrinsic worth,
ccslre to n1a'e use of them.
A New Food Cure for Constipation
Represents the entire constituents of wheat. Aeeeptahle to the most capricious palate: rich in
l' l'ments: the hcst health food yet produced.
phosphates, nerve aml hlood huilr mg c c
An invalid food prepared hy a combination of grains so treated as to retain in the preparation the
Highest Degree of Nutrient Qualities, while eliminating every element of an irritating character.
.7W!ll'0lI1g'hfl' t'1I0d'L'1Il rI1lrfj1zIrfl'zIff1' 11'l1g"4'.x'1'1'1l'.
' ll l :ted to the use of all persons with weak digestion, defective
This food preparation is adnnra 1 y at al ' . . . . . ,
assimilation, general or nervous dehility, brain workers. feehle children and invalids generally, as well
119 travelers and cxcursionists, who often need to carry the largest amount of nutriment in the smallest
hulk, which is aHorded hy Granola in a pre-ennnent degree.
NEW ERA KUMYSS
A new article prepared hy a new process: differs from ordinary kumyss as cream differs from the
hluest of skimmed milk. Uniform quality. Acceptable to the most delicate stomaehg made from thor-
oughly sterilized milkg keeps good several months.
For catalogue and price list, address
Scngitoriurry Health Food Company,
BATTLE, cREE.K, MIGH,
BFITTLEQ GREEK, MICH.
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tif " v ii - 'lm' !11,-g.gi--. - o f
mconronnreo 1867. neonenmzso 1e1e.
One of the most favorably located institutions
in the Unlted States.
0 Under Strictly Regular Flanagement.
fl quiet, home-like place, wbere
Well trained and of large experience.
TRAINED NURSES, REST CURE,
MASSAGE, FARADIZATION, GALVANIZHTION,
DIETING, PHYSICAL TRAINING,
Special attention is given to the scientific ap-
plication of hydrothernpy and allled means
A Special HOSPITAL BUILDING, iloo beds for
surgical cases, with finest hospital facilities
and appliances, and absolutely devoid of the
usual hospital odor.
For particulars, address
and all that pertains to modern rational
medical treatment, with first-class hotel
conveniences, can be had at reasonable
Lakeside Resort, Pleasure Grounds,
Steamer, Sail Boats, Etc.
An elevated, salubrious, and picturesque site.
Not a "Pleasure Resort," but an unrivaled place lior
chronic innalids who need special conditions and treat-
ment not readily obtainable at home.
J. H. KELLOGG, M. D., Superintendent, Battle Creek, I'lich.
H pf- ,
HARRY A. HAZE. .
MINIEIQVA M. 'KNo'1"1',
R. B. MAR'l'lNDAI.lC,
A. H. JOHNSON,
C. L. SIGLICR,
J. R. ROGERS,
H. H. LUCAS, ,
DIRK G1.Evs'1'1cEN, JR,
C. C. VVARDEN, .
L. G. l,OcKlf:, .
CARRIE L. GARLOOK,
JENNIIC J. HALL, .
H. B. MOIQSPI,
A. P. ROONEY,
CARRIE J. YOUNG, .
Class Officers for l895.
JEAN CAI.ls'1'A VV!-II'l'Nl'IY,
O. H. FR1f:lcI.ANn, .
V ice-Presz'1z'en 1.
1fl1!'f0l'l.!l ll .
V ire- Preszkiwll.
SENIOR CLASS OFFICERS
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INCE 1875 this college has been recognized as a distinct medical
school, and thus is afforded the first instance on record of the success-
ful maintenance of separate medical schools based upon more or less antag-
onistic systems of practice, and the graduation of their students by the same
parent institution. The curriculum is extended and complete, embracing
both in theory and in practice the results of all modern scientific investi-
The misfortune of its organization, in that its government was made
dependent upon the rules and regulations of the department of Medicine and
Surgery, has eventually operated to its disadvantage, obviously because its
interests werenot 'identical with those of the older college. At various
stages of its history it'has been sought to overcome this disadvantage, but
such difficulties have presented themselves that results so far are negative.
Circumstances at this time are such, however, that it is probable that a new
adjustment with the other department will be made which will be mutually
creditable and advantageous.
E. R. EGGLESTON, M. D.
FRED C. GILCIIER,
FRED A. MINER,
W. F. HOLMIQS,
LIONEL S. LUTON,
E. W. SPINNEY,
C. M. S'I'EELE,
L. H. STEWART,
MISS MARION WELLS,
S. P. TUTTI.E, ,
E. E. GILLARD,
WILLIAM HODGINS A'I"I'I2RIauRv.
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i A DEPARTMENT in F,
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J 't 4l'4'5i59' E, Mill?
HE department of the University represented by the symbol of the ser-
pent entwined on a staff in the pharmaceutical arms dates from 1868,
at which time the degree of Pharmaceutical Chemist was first offered, and the
same was conferred on a class of twenty-three the-following year. The
school was not organized under a separate faculty until 1876, at which time
its list of graduates numbered 155.
No sketch of the Pharmacy Department could be just Without some ref-
erence to the work of Dr. Albert B. Prescott, dean of the department, to
whom its creation must he attributed, and to Whose skill, industry and tact
its success is largely due.
The chemical laboratory is one of the largest in the world used exclu-
sively for chemical research, acconnnodating ahnost 400 students at a time,
each at a separate desk.
The laboratorycontains the museum of applied chemistry, which com-
prises collections in educational chemistry, chemical industries, pharmacy and
Wimaun J. T12ET12Rs,
W. J. TEETERS,
G. A. Dow,
E. G. REESE,
W. A. PARKER,
J. M. DREW,
G. M. HEA1'H,
U. S, ABBOTT,
tr, Mg-ffm, I .1 F.,
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1 DEPARTMLHTQQF ll
1'1" Q 1. DENTAL F l
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I-IE Department of Dental Surgery celebrates this year its twentieth
anniversary, having been organized as a part of the University of
Michigan in 1875.
Though among the youngest departments in the University, mention
need hardly be made as to its success, for perhaps no other similar institu-
tion enjoys so Wide and unsoiled a reputation, So constant has been the
increase in attendance that from time to time the college has been forced to
raise the standard of scholarship for admission.
At present the department ranks fourth i11 numbers, having an enroll-
ment of 182: seniors 48, juniors 63, freslnnen 71. The laboratories are large
and commodious, andthe operating room, containing 60 chairs, is well lighted
and ventilated. The Dental Society is an interesting feature of the students'
Work, and the Dwmz! fourzml is rapidly taking a prominent place in de11tal
Too high a tribute cannot be paid to the work of that noted trio, Drs.
Ford, Taft and Watling, who composed the first faculty and eventually
placed the department on the firm foundation Where it now stands.
jo11N H. N1z1s1.1zv,
Pres. Class of '95.
SENIOR CLASS OFFICERS
JOHN H. NRELEV, . .
FRANK E. MCI.AUGHI.IN
PERLEY T. VAN ORNUM,
HARIlY B. HINMAN, .
F. E. DODGE, Chairman. , A. E. BALI.,
J. H. NI:If:I,Isv, F. E.
GEORGE H. VVOOTON,
MISS JESSIE E. CASTLE,
CHARLES A. PHILLIPS, ,
FRED. W. JOSLIN, . . .
Miss DESSIE B. ROBERTSON, .
MISS JUNE A. BURR, ,
FRANK R. FLE'I'cHIzR, .
C. I.. TI-IUERER
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. Music at Ann Arbor.
HE progress of music in Ann Arbor has for several years been something
extraordinary. - Since the coming of Professor A. A. Stanley, of whom
there is no need of speaking here, the growth of the University Musical So-
ciety and Choral Union with their splendid concert series, the founding of the
School of Music, and finally the placing of the great Columbian organ in Uni-
versity Hall have been. the successive steps of this advance. Few specific
innovations are left to be established. The task now before the ministers of
the art is to perfect and develop what is already started here, and efforts to
that end will form Ann Arbor's future musical history for some years at least.
Our latest acquisition, the magnificent Columbian organ, was, as all know, the
monster that made the rafters of Festival Hall at the Fair reverberate with
its peals. It was made by Farrand 8: Votey, of Detroit, and is the largest
and perhaps the best instrument in the United States.
America, surpassed at present by foreign lands in most things musical,
at least in the making of pianos and organs is unexcelled. These instruments,
especially organs, depend very largely for their excellence on mechanical con-
struction, a line in which we outdo the Europeans, and all the antiquated
clumsiness of structure which German and even English organists are Wont to
cling to, is in America being eliminated by the most advanced application of
science. The instantaneous action of electricity is taking the place of the
more complex and less accurate lever system and everything that offers any
scope for mechanical ingenuity is continually being improved. XfVhile the
organ to a certain degree lacks the peculiar excellence of the violin and the
piano, --that is, a ready sensitiveness to individuality, yet it has a self-suffici-
ency, a diversity, and above all a grandeur unknown to any other single
The literature of this instrument is of a character that does not appeal to
the majority at first. It is perhaps the most classical of instruments. That
is. there is less of the romantic and personal element in it and more of the
formal and intellectual. But Ann Arbor audiences certainly average higher
than ordinary in both capacity and training, and with the exercise of a little
honesty they will soon learn to value what is true in this form of music as
they have done already in others. The School of Music has flourished excel-
lently this year. Its faculty are all artists and teachers imbued with musical
purpose. In Senor Jonas the School has a musician of the most wonderful
ability. He is without doubt one of the foremost pianists of the world. The
faculty concerts given in Frieze Memorial Hall represent another branch of
music practically unknown here before the school was started. Next to an
orchestra, chamber music is the purest and completest form of the art. Not
only fitted for the expression of the greatest genius and best training of a com-
poser, on the part of the performer also it calls for the utmost ability and
careful study. Music in huge masses like a symphony or an oratorio is
undoubtedly more rousing, but for a calmer moment nothing can take the
place of well-played chamber music. One type is still lacking-the string
quartet. Let us hope that as the School of Music grows, this most important
exponent of chamber forms may be established here.
The musical growth of Ann Arbor seems to be a healthy one. The
Choral Union series of concerts is almost irreproachable, and the shrine of
music is here in such hands as seem likely to feed its sacred flame with the
pure oil of honest feeling and unprejudiced enlightenment.
FRANK Biuscoa, '95.
HE history of the Choral Union since 189i shows a steady growth and
continuous progress, the end of which will be reached only when the
fame of the society will have made Ann Arbor a musical center far above any
other. , '
Though many members drop out every year, the nucleus remains solid,
the vacancies are quickly filled, and the size of the chorus is limited only by
the available space on the stage in University Hall. Two hundred and eighty
has been reached, two hundred and seventy constitute the roll call at present.
As to the fame of the University Musical Society, it is such as to place
the Choral Union among the Eve leading choruses in the land, but if we can
not get the first place in regard to numbers, we have the firm hope to get
there as to excellence. It is a fact worthy of remark that the soloists who are
engaged to assist the Choral Union are very anxious to be called again. Max
Heinrich, Mrs. Bishop, our favorites, ask for a date every year, and the praises
they give to the high work of the Choral Union are equalled by the satisfac-
tion they feel in singing before the Ann Arbor audience. This feeling is
shared by all the musicians of note who have appeared before us, the Boston
Symphony, Seidl's Orchestra and the rest. P If progress is the motto of the
Choral Union, it is not to be wondered if last year it took a great step toward
diffusing the knowledge and appreciation of music, already so advanced among
our people, beyond the limits of our town by the inauguration of the May
Festival. The success of the move has been such that the May Festival
has come to stay, and that it will become more and more a prominent feature
in the musical work of Ann Arbor, if circumstances permit. '
This great musical event which last year brought forth was to no small
degree anticipated by that master spirit, the beloved Dr. Frieze, and he had
even formulated some plans for its inauguration. But to the present direc-
tors is due the credit of its establishment. It was an undertaking of supreme
boldness, but it was pushed by an enthusiasm and determination that knew
This year the May Festival will excel the former one. Desirous of leav-
ing no stone unturned to give their patrons the best that can be had in the
land in the musical field, the directors have contracted with the same com-
pany to give three concerts, and besides they have specially engaged Madame
Nordica to sing the part of Marguerite in the "Damnation of Faust." The
expense will be 353,500 at the very least. The soloists will be: Madame
Nordica, Miss Rose Stewart, Miss Gertrude May Stein, Max Heinrich, and
Mr. XVm. H. Ricger, the best tenor in America. They will give a symphony
concert Friday evening, May 17th, a matinee May 18th, and the orchestra
will accompany the Choral Union in the rendering of the "Damnation of
Faust," on Saturday evening, May 18th. Furthermore, on Saturday morning,
May 18th, there will be an organ concert by the well known organist Clarence
Eddy. As to the "Damnation of Faust," what can I say? Many of us
remember the great success of its first performance, especially in Detroit, three
years ago. This year the chorus seems to have taken hold of the music
better than before, and everything promises one of the grandest performances
given in Ann Arbor. The music of Berlioz is now the "fu7'orc" in Europe.
In France, in Germany, this wonderful work has taken the people by storm,
so much that, in France, the Director of the Opera selected it to be dramatized
and put on thc stage with all the magnificence it deserves. And yet, the work
really does not need any setting. The dramatic power of the master is so
great as to impress an audience by his own strength, and I venture to predict
a magnificent concert by a well-trained, intelligent and enthusiastic chorus of
two hundred and eighty-six voices, a splendid corps of soloists, and an orches-
tra of fifty-six musicians, the excellence of which was demonstrated last year.
But the directors of the Choral Union never hesitate when there is an
opportunity of bringing before their patrons a new star. The extra concert
given on March 25th by the greatest violinist of the age,Ysaye, demonstrated
this fact. Such is the work done so far by the Choral Union for the musical
education of the people of Ann Arbor and the state. I can only say now:
Speed on, Choral Union, in thy good work.
P. R. DE FONT,
President of the Choral Union.
School of Music.
FRANCIS W. KIcI,sI-Lv, PH. D., , l'n'.I'z'rz'mf fy' MvBmz1'z1'.
WVILLIAM H. Pl'2'l"l'lQli, A. M., IGN-P1'r.v1'r1'4'11f ff lfzrliaazvzi
LEVI D. WVINES, C. IC., . Tl'1'lI.l'lll'L'l'.
AI,lil2ll'I' A. S'I'ANI,I:v, A. M.,
ANDERSON H. HOl'KINS, . .
.S'n'1'c!zz1jf zyf Mr Bllllflll.
P. R. 1IIcPoN'r, . fJ1'L'.l'l'1Ilt'llf.
A. A. S'l'ANLlCY, VYLT-.Pl'I'.l'l'Ifl'llf.
I.. D. WVINICS, T1-nz.v111'1'1'.
Ross SPI-:NcE, .S'1'fn'fa1jf.
F. M. BACON, Lz'61'a1'fzl11.
C. D. WVl'Il!S'l'I'lR, . . . . A.r.v1'.vm11! Ll'Al'lIl'l'lIll
Choral Union Series, I894-95.
I. November 19, 1894. 'iilll-IOIIORIC 'l'HomAs' Ouci-II-:s'I'IzA.
Feidl's western coiilrnels were cancelled. ln pluee of the concert announced for
November 22, 'l'lIeurlm'e 'l'huIn:Is' Orchestra was engaged to give the opening concert
of the series, Novcinber Ig,
II. january II, 1895. Piano Recital by Al.lll'1R'l'0 JONAS.
III. .lfebruary I. CHQRAI, UNION CoNcIcR'I'.
Ciioral Uniunassisied by Mrs. Ginevrnjolnistonc-liislinp, Chicago, Snprz1I1ugMI'. Gardner
S. Lninson QUniversity School of Musicj, Bussg and 11 Full Orchestra.
March 8. Song recital by MAX I'IlCINRlCH.
Special. March 25, M. ICUGIQNIQ VSAYIQ, Violin Virtuoso.
Seoood Moy Festival. '
Friday Evening, May I7. SvMI'HoNv CoNcI':R'I'.
Special. Saturday lforenoon, May 18. Organ Recital, CI.ARIcNcI'1 l'2I'IDY.
Saturday Aftcrnoon,'May 18. OIacHIcs'I'IeAI, MATINIIIQ.
Saturday Evening, May 18. G RAND CI-IOIQAI, CONC:-:R'I'.
University of Michigan Glee ond Banjo Clubs.
'CHARLES H. CONRAD, ,Q5, . . 191-csfffcni.
ARTHUR G. CUAIMRR, '96, Scr1'c!azj'.
FRANK P. GRAY!-ZS, P. G., JWf111cIgw'. 5
1"R1aD. R. XVALIDRON, ,97, . . 14-YM !VffI1I1Ig'f1
'CHARLES H. CoNR,xn, '95, H1-:NRY IC. I3ommN, '96, G. D. PRICE, '95
RIuHARim IJ. ldwlxcs, '96. ARTHUR G. CUMMI-LR, '96.
U. of Ni. om Club.
ARTHLTR G. CL:xmif:R, '96, Lma'1'1'.
First Tenor. '
ACI. D. 1fRic12, ,95. '
H. 13. GAMMON, l. G.
H. 15. Wi-:'l'MoR1-1, '98, J. C. DAVIES, '95.
j..Ri-:YNoi,ims, '95. A. G. CUMMER, '96,
R. H. Sim-I-IIQN, '97. D. M. FERRY, JR., '96,
W. A. Si'1'l'zi.l-tv, '95, IQARL R. MINER, '96,
R. W. DUNN, '95, W. H. ANDREWS, '95,
J. Ii. BLAND, ,95.
15. C. WORDEN, '98.
B. F. McLoU'1'H, '95. A. E. MAAS, '97.
U. of M. Banjo Club.
I-I mlm' li. BODMAN, '96, Lm1z'er.
I-I. BODMAN, '96, W. A. S1'ARR1zT'1', ,91
' F. S. GIQRRISH, ,97. R. S. CUIIMINGS, '98.
R. D. Ewmcs, '96. gH. W. CUMMINGS, '97.
. ' Banjos.
B. S. CQLBURN, '95. ' ,vt H. W. CUMMINGS, ,97
A.. H. HUN'1', ,95. A, S. MAQI'l'I.AN17, 797.
C. H. CONRAD, ,95. -' C. H. MORSE, ,QS
R. F. HAI.I:, P. G. W. J. BRIEN, '98.
flllul1ulu111l!!UIH4lHlmu1f nlIlllllllm.l' "ul
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IN l i ,nu1'
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J. C. CONDON, . , Presz'den!.
LECLAIRII: MARTIN, Vice-Prc'.vz'dw1z.
J. H. PRENTISS, .
A. G. CUMMER, 1fcmr1z'z'11g SBC1'6'fl7l:jl
CHARLES BAIRII, , Foo!-Ba!! Ilflazmgcr.
E. C. WEEKS, . . Ban' Bal! lllfznagvr.
CI-IARI.Ias BAIRIJ, Ckaz'rman. Q
R. S. FREUND, I. lf. HII.I.,
R. C. BOURLAND, JAMES BAIRIJ.
E. C. WEEKS, Chaz'rma11.
li. C. SHII-:I.ns, . B. C: RICH,
M. B. EATON, J. C. CONDON.
LIECLAIRIQ MARTIN, Chafrmzzzl.
C. B. Buss,
J. A. LIIROV, '
A. BARTELS, HARIQY VVEINSTEIN.
W. W. CHICKERING, Chaz'1'111a11.
P. D. BOURLAND, J. H. PRIcN'I'Iss,
A. G. CUMMER.
Board of Control of Flthletlcs.
DR. CI-IARLIQS B. NANCRIQDIQ, Cwlllflllllll.
PROI: AI.IaIsR'1' H. PA'l"l'ENGII.L, PRUF. JEROME C. IQNOWLTON,
PROF. CALVIN THOMAS, ASSIST. PROI: JOHN C. ROLFIQ,
EIJMUNIJ C. SHIm.ns, CHARLES BAIRII,
EDWARD C. WEEKS, JOHN C. CONIION.
'Officers Elected April 6. '95,
' . . . . . P1'1'.w'11'u11!.
IAS. H. lRI:N'I'Iss,
HARRV Y. SAINT, If'z'n.' Prc.vz'a'em'.
MARQUIS B. I'1A'I'0X, 1BL'cor1!1'f1g Scfrclary
JOHN C. CONIIIIN, Fz'11a11cz'alScfrcialjf.
W. C. 1"IzI'I'ZE, . T1'ca.vw'L'r.
Directors one Committees.
CI-IAIzI.Iss IC. BAIIIII, Chedrffzazz.
'11 W. HIQNNINGIQIQ, W. C. MAcCAUI.Icv,
' IC. C. WVICICKS, Chfzirfmrzl.
IC. C. SIIIIILIIS, BEN. C. RICH,
joIIN C. CONIJON, MAIQQUIS B. lCA'I'oN.
R. C. BOURLAND, Chairzmzzl.
.I A. l.I-zizov, EVANS HOI.l5RO0K,
j. IJ. RIQHARIJS, WAIIII HUGI-IES.
Ii. B. CAULKINS, ChlZl'l'llIll11.
1-IAIIRV Y. SAINT, W. C. FRITZE.
Tbe Waterman Gymnasium.
F for no other reasonf, the year of 1894-95 will be a memorable one in the
history of the University of Michigan because of the opening of the Water-
man gymnasium, and the establishment of a department of physical culture.
This step, marking as it did the end of haphazard athletics and the beginning
of a scientific system of physical culture as well outdoors as indoors, certainly
can not be called unimportant.
The history of the VVaterman gymnasium is not brief, if we admit under
this head the period before any material progress in the enterprise was visible.
Away back in the early '80's we find editorials and occasional communications
in the college papers, setting forth the immediate necpssity for a gymnasium.
Later on money began to be collected in various ways for a gymnasium fund
by student organizations,,by subscriptions, etc. And so, by dint of continual
editorial persuasion and financial pledges of faith in the enterprise, the ball
was slowly rolling on. Withoiit further help from other sources, however,
the Twentieth Century student would have been the first to enjoy the privil-
eges of a gymnasium. In ISQI, .Mr. W. W'aterman of Detroit, a Yale
alumnus, made public his offer of 320,000 for a gymnasium, provided this sum
was duplicated within three months. This aroused the latent enthusiasm
among the alumni, and the requisite sum was forthcoming. Plans for the
building were drawn, and the work was soon begun. It was far enough
toward completion to allow Ninety-four to hold her junior Hop in it in the
Spring of 1893. So far progress had been very satisfactory, but Fortune could
not always be kind. The year 1893-94 may be set down as the most dis-
couraging year in the history of the gymnasium. All that year the big build-
ing stood desolate in the corner of the campus, its exterior complete and work
on its interior proceeding by fits and starts. At last the Board of Regents
saw its way to finishing it up, and the work went on. During the summer
the apparatus was placed, and the students returning October, 1894, found
the gymnasium at last a reality. The regents had also provided for instruc-
tion by summoning Dr. B. Fitzgerald of Boston as physical director, and
Mr. Keene Fitzpatrick as his assistant. '
The traditions of the gymnasium's past history were not to be set at
naught, however, and another wait of a month and a half for necessary minor
details was interposed. At last the end came, as with all things, and Novem-
ber 22, 1894, Dr. Fitzgerald informally dedicated the building by teaching
the first class in physical culture ever held in the University of Michigan.
This simple and unostentatious beginning is thoroughly in line with the policy
of quiet but earnest work that has marked the administration of the gymnas-
ium ever since.
Since the first day interest has steadily increased. So quiet was the
beginning that the entire University did not awake to it for some time. From
four hundred daily attendance at the first the number steadily grew to thirteen
hundred in the winter. It is no exaggeration to say that fully fifteen hundred
students have done work in the gymnasium this year, or more than half the
total enrollment of the University. No other institution of learning in the
country can make such a showing as this, even where, as at Cornell, gymnas-
ium work is compulsory a portion of the year. Quite in accordance with
Michigan's policy, self-control by the students has been the administration
of the gymnasium. Everyone has been free to come and go when he pleased,
to work by himselfior with the classes as he pleased. It is therefore high
praise for Dr. Fitzgerald and Mr. Fitzpatrick that their classes have always
been filled, few choosing to keep aloof from them.
Such has been the 'iiistory of the gymnasium briefly told. This but
touches the surface of the matter, however. The benefits of the building
both directly and indirectly are inestimable. Enough has been said to show
that it is performing its primary function, viz., "body-building," the better-
ment of the physical welfare of the students of the University. This is one
justification for its existence, but not its only one. By those who look upon
athletics properly managed as a justly prominent feature of student life, the
advent of the Waterman gymnasium was hailed as the beginning of a new
era in the University's history. Its direct reaction upon the various branches
of athletics has already been remarkable. We can as yet only say by proph-
ecy what will be its effects upon this spring's teams. However, when, as in
the case of the track team, five times as many men as ever before come-out
to try for places the element of uncertainty in our prophecy is small. Foot-
ball last fall felt the effects of the opening of the gymnasium in the increased
athletic spirit, the new feeling of loyalty and enthusiasm, that pervamled the
University. This, quite as much as the development ol' material for the
teams, Will have a wonderful effect in bettering athletics at Michigan.
Above all other considerations as to the merits of the gynmasimn, how-
ever, stands one of paramount importance, That is its fostering ol a true
University spirit. More than all other buildings on the campus is the gym-
nasium distinctly labelled " University of lvlichiganf' In the past it has been
our reproach that in the place of "student of Michigan," we have called our-
selves "lits," " laws," H medics," etc. That distinction perishes at the gym-
nasium. Here are gathered together for an hour each day students of all
departments with a common end in view,viz., recreation and sell'-improvement.
Class and department restrictions are given to the winds. and thus is fostered
that feeling of fraternity which is a university's proudest boast, and not least
among the benefits of a university career. A. l.liRoY, '96.
VIEW ON THE HURON.
History of Football at Ann Arbor.
MONG the important factors which serve to keep alive the interest and
love of the alumni for our University are the musical and athletic
organizations which are sent out every year to represent our Alma Mater.
We owe, therefore, a double debt of gratitude to the man who wrote the
words to the most beautiful song which our Glee Club sings, "The Yellow and
Blue," and who first taught our boys one of our leading sports, football. 'The
modern game of American football was introduced in the University of Mich-
igan in 1878 by Charles H. Gayley, at that time a student in the University,
and now Professor of . English Literature in the University of California.
However, for a long time previous to this there had been played on the
campus a game called football. This game was played by choosing an indef-
inite number of players for each side, and kicking the ball backwards and
forwards. There was little science or order about the sport, and it bore but a
small resemblance to the game of to-day, with its complicated set of rules
and highly scientific style of play.
In the fall of '78 the first eleven was formed, and the first game was
played with Racine College, in Chicago, where we were defeated by one goal
and one touchdown to nothing. In the Pzzlladinm of that year the names
of the members of the regular team are given, and among them are found
those of R. T. Edwards, captain, and A. C. Angell, rusher. In connection
with the name of Professor Angell it may be said that there are a number of
professors now connected with the University, who have played either on our
own or other college football teams. Next year, i. e., fall of '79, Michigan,
under the captaincy of D. N. DeTarr, played Toronto in Detroit. The game
was closely contested and resulted in a tie. By this time considerable inter-
est in the game had been aroused, for the account states that the team was
accompanied to Detroit by four car-loads of students, not a small crowd when
we consider the attendance at the University at that period. In 1880 a return
game was played in Toronto, and the Canucks were beaten on their own
grounds. john Chase was captain that year.
The success of the two preceding years greatly encouraged our football
enthusiasts, and they longed for new worlds to conquer. In the fall of '81
the team went east to tackle the crack eastern college teams on their home
grounds. Three games were played, one each with Yale, Princeton, and
Harvard, and while we were unsuccessful in each instance, the games were
hotly and closely contested, and taking into consideration the fact that our men
had to travel fifteen hundred miles and play three games in one week, the
showing made by our team was very good indeed. The scores were: Yale,
II, U. of M., Og Princeton, 13, U. of Mf, 4, Harvard, 4, U. of M,, 0,
The regular team was as follows: W. S. Horton, captain, H. Ayers, T.
Wilson, H. Bitner, S. E. Woodruff, F. Townsend, F. F. Wormwood,
rushersg R. M. Dott, R. G. DePuy, W. Olcott and T. M. Gilmore, backs.
In 1883 the team again went east with H. G. Prettyman as manager,
and W. Olcott as captain. The team was very strong that year, and
expected to win from every college except Yale. However, at Wesleyan,
where the first game was played, our boys found that the eastern teams were
playing with a new set of rules which were quite different from those under
which western teams were playing. As a result of this great handicap, Wes-
leyan defeated Michigan I4 to 6. Two days later Yale defeated us by a score
of 42 to O. By this time, however, our boys had become somewhat familiar
with the new style of play, and on the day following the Yale game played
Harvard a tie, neither side scoring. The final game was with Stevens Insti-
tute and resulted in a victory for Michigan, I7 to 5.
ln '84 and '85 I-I. G. Prettyman captained two strong teams which
defeated all Canadian and western teams they met. In 1884 Michigan
played Albion for the first time, and won an easy victory. Among other con-
quests were the Peninsulars of Detroit, the Windsors of Canada, and a
strong picked team from Chicago. The team of '86 won all the games played,
and '87 met all the leading western teams without being scored against.
Beginning with '88, however, the U. of M. lost the supremacy in west-
ern football which she held so long. On Thanksgiving Day, 1888, Michigan
played her hrst game with the Chicago University Club team, which was com-
posed of star players who had formerly played on the big eastern college
teams. Our boys were badly defeated by the score of 26 to 4. By this time
football had been reduced to a science in the east, and a successful team could
be turned out only by the expenditure of a great deal of time and thought in
developing team play, coupled with large outlays of money for training and
coaching. Owing to a lack of college spirit and interest among our students
and alumni, the football teams received little support, financially and other-
wise, and as a result, disaster followed year after year. On Thanksgiving Day
of '89 the Chicago University Club team again defeated Michigan by a score
of 20 to 0 That fall we also met Cornell for the first time. The game was
played in Buffalo, and the youths from Ithaca walked over our boys to the
tune of 56 to 0.
The team of '90, under the captaincy of W. C. Malley, showed great
improvement over those of the two preceding years, and beat every western
team it met, including Purdue, Oberlin, and others. A much better showing
was also made against Cornell. The game was played in Detroit and resulted
in our defeat by a score of 20 to 6. The team of '91, under james Van
Inwagen, jr., opened the season with a defeat by Albion, the only time the
latter ever won from the U. of M. The score was IO to 4. Michigan
defeated Olivet, 18 to 65 Oberlin, 26 to 6, and Butler 42 to 6. Cornell
defeated us in Detroit by a score of 58 to 12, and again in Chicago, IO to 0.
The Chicago Athletic Club downed us 20 to 0, and the Cleveland Athletic
Club made 8 while Michigan was making 4.
In 1892 Michigan joined Minnesota, Northwestern and Wisconsin to
form the Inter-collegiate Athletic Association of the Northwest. These
universities open several weeks before Michigan, and their representatives
forced us to accept an early schedule so as to meet us before we could get
into good condition to play. As a result Minnesota and Northwestern defeated
Michigan, although we managed to defeat Wisconsin. The games and scores
for the season were as follows: U. of M., 74, M. A. A., 0, U. of M., 68,
M. A. A., 0, Michigan, IO, Wisconsin, 65 Michigan, 6, Minnesota, 14, Mich-
igan, 18, DePauw, 6, Michigan, 0, Purdue, 26, Michigan, 8, Northwest-
ern, IO, Michigan, 60, Albion, 8, Michigan, 0, Cornell, 443 Michigan,
18, Chicago University, IO, Michigan, IO, Cornell, 30. George B. Dygert
was captain this year, and was re-elected for 1893.
Against the protests of Michigan, the Executive Committee of the I. A.
A. N. in 1893 again placed two of the three league games early in the season.
Consequently Michigan was poorly prepared when she met the strong teams
of Minnesota and Wisconsin, and suffered defeat at the hands of both. How-
ever later in the season she developed a remarkably strong team and swept
everything before her. Northwestern was snowed under, royal revenge was
taken upon Purdue for the defeat of the preceding year, and Kansas and
Chicago University were badly defeated. No game was played with Cornell
this year, through a failure to agree on terms. Cornell was unusually weak
this year and would have stood no show with our strong team. The scores
for the season were as follows: U. of M., 6, D. A. C., og U. of M., 26,
D. A. C., og U. of M., 6, Chicago University, IO, U. of M., 20, Minne-
sota, 34g U. of M., 18, Wisconsin, 343 U. of M., 46, Purdue, 8, U. of
M., 34, DePauw, og U. of M., 72, Northwestern, 65 U. of M., 22, Kan-
sas, og U. of M., 28, Chicago University, Io.
CHARLES BAIRD, '95.
T, . .yn sz! V
-W, . , b
NORTHWEST ENTRANCE TO CAMPUS.
CHA111.111s BA11111, .
W. I.. MAcCAU1,1':1',
'I. A. I.l':Ro
S51-:N'1'1a11, H. M
,I'R1cl':, G. D ........
'A4HAX'l-JS, R. W. IC...
fHA11111-:N, H. C .... ..
j V11.1.A, G. R. ,I ..... .
L' VON'I', J G ...... .....
7 R1':vNo1.11s, j. li .....
fl-I1-:NNlNG1c11, I". W ....
I CARR, B. M ........
K' N1N111-:,lJ. B ...... ..
7 RUN111-:1.1., W. S ..... .
SMVVH, C. H ............
Wj BA11111, J., Captain ...... ..
,Q G111c1-:N1.1-:A1f, G. 1+
' F1c1u11c11'1', G.
DV1-111, H. I, .... .... ...... . .
RICHARDS, J. D12 F ..... ..
Q DVGERT, G.
I,1':oNA1z11, H. B .....
FRIQUNY1, J. B ..........
KLEROY, il. A ...... ...... . .. ..
BI.O0MlNGS'l'0N, j. A ...........
1' and R. S. F111-:L'x11. .
14- r. IN. S'I'RIl'l'l-ZIP.
5 IO 156
5 IO 1-2 I4O
6 1 185
6 1 1 76
5 7 184
6 o 186
5 8 157
5 9 1'2 177
5 I 1 195
5 1 1. ' 168
5 1 1 185
5 8 220
5 6 141
5 6 130
5 7 1-2 147 1-2
5 1 1 167
5 8 15o 1 2
5 8 1 66
5 7 1-2 1 67
5 8 I-2 ISO
5 9 163
5 8 1 -2 1 64 1-2
Football Season of l894.
AST Thanksgiving day closed the most successful season in football
annals at the U. of M. A record of nine victories and one defeat is
one of which all loyal sons of Ann Arbor may well be proud. The season
was a financial success as well. In the second game with Cornell we defeated
her, and erased the stain of our only defeat.
Beginning very unfavorably, the season closed most brilliantly. The
management made strenuous efforts toward early practice, but the first game,
October 6, found only four of '93's team in line. We met Orchard Lake in
Ann Arbor, and the score resulted in a tie, I2-12. Under the able coaching
of W. L. Mac Caulay, Princeton, '94, and by the return of several of the old
players, on October I4 Albion met defeat, 26 to IO. October I7 Olivet was
easily defeated, 48 to O.
Improvement was steady, and on October 21 Orchard Lake was again
met, and defeated, 40 to 6. This showed the great possibilities in our team,
and to many was an augury of future success. The victory was dearly bought,
for Captain Baird wrenched his knee, keeping him off the field for five weeks.
He barely recovered in time to lead his team to victory over Oberlin and Cor-
nell. Villa and Yont were also injured in the game, Carr and Senter being
hurt previously, so the-team was in a poor condition to defeat Case School at
Cleveland, on October 28, I8 to 8. On November 3, Cornell defeated our
very badly crippled team at Ithaca, 22 to O. The following Saturday, Novem-
ber IO, we defeated Kansas University, at Kansas City, 22-IO.
November I7, with our cripples recovered, our men recuperated after two
long journeys, the men began to show the excellent training of Mr. Fitzpat-
rick, and were in fine form. On that date at home, we defeated Oberlin I4
to 6, in a quiet, gentlemanly game.
The team that lined up against Cornell at Detroit was the strongest Michi-
gan ever had. Barring a few slight injuries the men were in the pink of condi-
tion. Urged on by a wildly enthusiastic audience numbering 5,o0o, the Yellow
and Blue triumphed, outplaying Cornell at every point. Score, I2 to 4. The
line-up of the team was: Senter, Price, endsg Villa, Hadden, tackles, Hen-
ninger, Carr, guards, Smith, center, Baird, quarter, Dyer, Ferbert, halves,
Bloomingston, full-back. Villa was injured early in the game, Yont sub-
Although the score 6 to 4 on Thanksgiving day disappointed many, yet
those knowing the facts were Well satisfied. Considering that the boys had
not recovered from the soreness resulting from the Cornell game, that Chicago
by preparing especially for us was in fine form, that she knew our signals,
and took every advantage offered by a favoring umpire, it was the pluckiest
up-hill light ever seen in the west.
But it was the Cornell victory that brought us to the notice of eastern
universities and the eastern papers. We are now ranked as one of them.
Only by the enthusiastic support of the entire college can we maintain that
position. More candidates must come out and try for the team, the financial
interest must not lag, and above all let every one be on hand to cheer the
team on to victory, and every year will be successful and prosperous.
The regular 'Varsity team was composed of those who played in one or
more of the November games which were played with Cornell, University of
Kansas, Oberlin, and University of Chicago.
CHA1u.Es BAIRD, '95.
VIEW ON THE HURON,
Class Football Tea ms.
J. C. CONIJON,
C. C. M,xcl,'1-IERRAN,
M. W. NEAL,
P. Il. BQURLANIJ, .
R. R. l.x'M,xN,
B. D. HoR'l'oN, .
W. W. CHIQKI-:luNfz,
W. li. lSol.l,l-:s,
C. I-I. I.ANm4:R,
A. C. W'lcsL:0'l"l',
H. B. I.lf:oNARn,
J. I. XVl4:r.s1v1, .
C. C. M,xcl'Hl':R1aAN, . . .
H. V. KNlf:H'l',
J. IC. HICKBIAN
l". ld. BRAIN-'ll-1l,ll,
W. IJ. McKl':NzIlc,
W. D. MuKIf:Nzll-:, .
lf. lu. BRAIN-Il-:I.1v, .
C. G. l'Al.M1f:R,
C. G. Coma,
W. H. 'l'HoRv,
W. E. Clmxllcu,
L. C. XVHITMAN, ,
J. M. IQAIKI-IS,
W. A. LEWIS, .
A. C. BRYANT, . .
H. W. C. ISOIWICKER,
, G. K. LAw'1'oN.
, , IWf111zlg'r'l'.
A. M. HOVl'2Y, ll. D. EWING.
R. W. HAWRINS,
IC. H. SPICIGR,
R. C. BUURLAND, .
H. R. fl.-X'l'lCS,
'I'. I.. FARNHAM, .
H. W. IJlcRlcN, .
D. il. SWANN1-:1.l,, .
j. IJ. XVOMHACHICR, .
EVANS 1'lOI.HROOK, .
W. H. UI-P,
li. H. Sl-lcl1:R,
H. 1'I. IQMMUNN,
Rm' M. HARRY,
R. W. BAUGHMAN,
W. P. BARIQR, .
A. O. OLSON,
E. P. MAIQSH,
Rov M. HARDY,
C. j. Rlcl-1,
G. M. Cox, .
MA1.com XVHALAN, .
W, A. BURIJICK, .
R. W. HAUGMIAN, .
I.. lb NORRIS, .
I.. li. SEAS,
F. N. SAVAGE,
R. R. W1i.r-Lv.
L af! E mi
'1'I F TT
Rzgfhl E mi.
Ifzlgfhl T afklc.
Rzlgfhi E mi.
Lrf! E nd.
C. R. NoR'1'oN,
W. C. MICHAE1.S, .... Jllanager.
A. C. BARTELS, Caplain.
J. W. Mm'cHEI.L, .
D. C. Rrmvl-:s,
R. M. ADDLEMAN, .
H. J. MCKAV,
G. A. SALISBURY, .
C. H. HOCJG,
R. F. HALL,
A. C. BAR'1'R1.s, ,
L. R. CRAWFORD, , Left Hay
C. M. SI-IOwAl,'rER, . . .Full Bark.
'F. Q. CQUINN, W. H. M1'rcHm.L,
S. G. BAKER, V. O. FORD.
EVANS . . . Cbphdm
DENHV, CL'7lf6I'. -
C RAPSER, .
Rzlgfhl T afklc.
Schedule of Games of 'Varsity Team.
October 2 r,
Ithaca, New York,
Kansas City, Mo.
Albion College .....
Olivet College ..... .
Orchard Lake ......
Adrian College .....
Case School ,,..,. ,...,,
University of Kansas
Oberlin College. .......
Cornell University ..
'Varsity Nine, l894.
, , , , Illamzger.
Gao. J. CADWELI., .
11115. C. SHIELDS,
C. B. SMEL'1'ZER, .
J. W. Hol.1.1s'r1cR,
H. B. KIQOGRIAN,
W. D. MClil!NZIl4I,
S. C. Sivrrzaia, l
R. E. RUSSELL, S
E. V. IDEANS, ,
W. W. PEPPLE, Q
JAMES Bmium, f
W. W. AVATERMAN,
E. C. SHHQLDS, ,
L. J. hVICN'l'WOR'l'H, .
R, A13l1E1QS1jN, '.l'. J. DliUhlHl'II.I.l'Ill,
G. NV, B,.:N'r1.Y, C. A. Bonn,
L, R, CRAWFQRD, R. M. Wicim-:MAN.
Summary of Games.
April Ohio Wesleyan ......... 3 Michigan Delawilfei O-
April Denison... ...... .... . . 6 Michigan Granville, O.
April Kenyon ...... .... . .. 5 Michigan Gambier, O.
April Centre ....... I2 Michigan Danville, Ky.
April Illinois ........... .... . .. 8 Michigan Champaign, Ill.
April Northwestern ...... I Michigan Evanston, Ill.
April Wisconsin ...... 8 Michigan Madison, Wis.
May Kenyon ........ 1 Michigan Ann Arbor. -
May Illinois ,,,,,,, 5 Michigan Ann Arbor.
May Oberlin ..... I7 Michigan Oberlin, O.
May Vermont ....... ..... 1 5 Michigan Burlington, Vt.
May Dartmouth ....... I5 Michigan Hanover, N. H.
May Harvgrgl, ,,,,,, , 7 Michigan Cambridge, Mass
May Princeton. ..... 2I Michigan Princeton, N.
May Cornell. ..... I4 Michigan Ithaca, N. Y.
May Chicago ........ 2 Michigan Detroit, Mich,
June D. A. C ...... .... . .. 4 Michigan Ann Arbor.
June Battle Creek ...... . 8 Michigan Ann Arbor.
Northwestern ...... 8
Michigan ...... 9
V. P. XVILKINS, . . 1lLz11ng'r1'.
P. D. BoUuLAN11x, Cajrlafzz.
P. D. BOURLAND, . Caffher.
C. C. MACPHERRAN, l'1'ffhr1'.
A. A. .PASSOl.'I', ffkb-.rl Barr.
R. M. WVEIDEMAN, . Srrwn! Basr.
J. C. CONDON, Thz'ra'Base.
J. H. MALLORY, Shari Siojz.
M. I. ROSENBAUM, . L477 Field.
CHARLIQS BAIRD, CfllfL'l'Fl'ff1f.
.IOHN I. WELSH, lfzlqhl Fzkfd.
H. B. LIEONARIJ, Czzfzhcr.
R. O. AUSTIN, Cezzler Field
E. GAI.BRA1'rH, . Srmmz' la'a.re.
W. D. MCKI-:Nz1E, . . . Jmznrzgcr.
B. C. RICH, . C'aj5fa1'11.
W. D. MCKENZIE, . Caffhcr.
A. M. Hovlzv,
H. H. VAN TUVI., .
R. E. RUSSELL,
J. BAIRD, .
W. E. DEWITT,
B. C. IQICH, .
W. H. THORP,
G. H. S'1'. CLAIR, ,
BR1'r'1'EN and ALEXANDILR,
T hir!! Basf.
M. B. EATON,
W. W. WATERMAN, .
H. R. GATES, .
C. A. BOND,
G. F. FISHER,
R. B. CANFIELD, .
T. L. FARNHAM, .
A. F. MAITLAND, .
W. W. WA'1'ERMAN, .
M. B. EATON, .
J. F. STREIE,
F. H. GASTON,
H. J. MAKIVER,
G. W. BENTLY, .
RAY HAR1', .
H. J. MAKIVER, .
FRANK Q. QUINN, .
M. B. AARON, .
C. E. CARTER,
L. R. CRAWFORD, .
E. L. EVANS, .
. J. DRUMHELLER,
C. M. SHOWALTER, .
T hird Base.
VARSITY TRACK TEAM.
University Track Team, l894.l
W. P. IN'I1xR'1'1N1m1..1f:, , .ZIl!llllIlg"I'l'.
J. A. I.ERoY, , . 100 jvzfr. amz' 61710117 jump.
Cl. W, K1-:NsoN, 100 amz' 200'1'11fv. .sj11'1'111'1'.
W. IC. Ho11f:A1.AN, I-4 llllhfc' 1'llll.
C. I.. Rlilflli, . IDI-W amz' fmt' !1111'11'!1.-.v.
R. O. 1XUs'1'1N, f,0fl'7'17llff.
IC. Ii. Houslc, l I-NIM, M. NZ'
w. 113. 'I'1xv1.o1e, 5 ' 4" "
PAUL SM1'1'1-1, . f- llllifl' 1'1111.
H. M. Mu1.H1e1ioN, lflgk amz' bl'00Tll'-jilllllf.
First Western Inter-Collegiate Championship Games.
South Side Ball Park, Chicago, June 2, l894.
loo-yards dash, nineteen starters, live trial heats-Final won by Crum, Iowa State
University, second, lioothman, Oberlin, third, Sherman, Wisconsin, time,
Mile walk, eleven starters---lfirst, lirode, University of Illinois, second, Ifales,
University of Wisconsin, third, Iivans, University of Illinois, time, 7:41.
12o yards hurdle, five starters-I"irst, Clark, University of Illinois, second, Rich-
ards, Wisconsin, third, Chantland, Iowa State University, time, :I6 2-5.
440 yards run, fourteen starters-l"irst, Hodgman, University of Michigan, second,
Whitley, Iowa College, third, Copeland, Wisconsin, time, :51 2-5.
Mile run, hfteen starters--l"irst, Clyde, Iowa College, second, Craigin, Lake l"or-
est, third, Palmer, lowa College, time, 4:38 3-5.
880 yards run-First, Copeland, Wisconsin, second, Clyde, Iowa College, third,
-Hopkins, Wisconsin, time, 2:03 2-5.
Mile bicycle, twenty-live starters, three trial heats-Final won by Cox, Iowa State
University, second, Vanllloozer, Northwestern, third, Stivers, liureka College,
time, 2:41 2-5.
220 yards dash, twelve starters, four trial heats-Ifinal won by Crum, Iowa State
University, second, Sherman, Wisconsin, third, Root, University of Illinois,
time, :22 2-5.
220 yards hurdle-First, Weedman, University of Illinois, second, Clark, Univer-
sity of Illinois, third, Richards, Wisconsin, time, :26 I-5
I-Iammer throw-First, Fiauts, University of Illinois, second, Baehr, Wisconsin,
third, Worsley, Lake Forest, distance, 1oo feet, IO inches.
Putting 16-pound shot-First, Sweeney, University of Illinois, second, Baehr, Wis-
consin, third, Cochems, Wisconsin, distance, 38 feet, 4 inches.
Running high jump-First, Clark, University of Illinois, second, Dey, Iowa State
University, third, Holt, Wisconsin, height, 5 feet, 8 inches.
Running broad jump-First, Church, Chicago University, second, Weedman, Uni-
versity of Illinois, third, Gould, Wisconsin, distance, 21 feet.
Pole vault-First, Ewing, Chicago University, second, Culver, Northwestern,
third, Shellenberger, Kansas, height, IO feet. Holt, Austin, Culver and Shel.
lenberger tied at 9 feet, IO inches.
Summary of Poiryts.
University of Illinois, . . . 37
University of Wisconsin, . 22
Iowa State University, 16
Iowa College, . ro
Chicago University, xo
University of Michigan, 5
Northwestern University, . 4
Lake Forest University, 4
Oberlin College, . 2
Eureka College, . ' 1
University of Kansas, 1
1 1 2
University Spring Field Day.
Saturday, May 26. l894.
roo yards dash-LeRoy, first, Reed, '94 law, second, Wolcott, '96 lit, third, time,
Mile run-Smits, ,97 medic, first, Hubbard, '97 lit, second, Eckles, '94 law, third,
time, 4:53 3-5.
Mile bicycle-First trial heat won by Waite, House, '96 lit, second, time, 3:10 1-2.
Second trial heat won by Taylor, '97 lit, Aaron, '95 law, and Deffenbaugh, ,97
lit, thrown, time, 3:30. Final heat won by Taylor, Deffenbaugh, second,
House and Waite being thrown and House finishing third, time, 3:05 2-5.
i-iammer throw-faautner, 395 lit, first, Thompson, '96 iit, second, Railces, '96 l 1
third, distance, 70 feet, 2 inches.
'l2O yards hurdles-Reed, ,94 law, first, Alexander, '96 lit, second, time, :IS 2-5.
440 yards run-Hodgman, '95 law, first, lickles, ,Q4 law, second, Quarles, '96 lit,
third, time, :51.
Pole vault-Austin, '95 lit, first, Chapman, '94 law, second, Alexander, '96 lit,
third, height, IO feet. ,
Shot put-Bourland, ,97 lit, first, McLennan, 96 dent, second, Mannhardt, '96 lit,
third, distance, 32 feet, 8 I-2 inches.
880 yards run--Smits, ,Q7 medic, first, Parsons, ,Q7 lit, second, Woodruff, ,Q7 lit,
third, time, 2:13 3-5.
Two-mile bicycle-House, '96 lit, first, Taylor, '97 lit, second, Deffenbaugh, '97
lit, third, time, 6:5 r.
Running hop, step and jump-St. Clair, '96 lit, first, LeRoy, second, Wolcott, '96
lit, third, distance, 42 feet, 7 inches.
220 yards hurdles-Reed, '94 law, first, Alexander, '96 lit, second, time, :26 2-5.
220 yards dash-Hodgman, '95 law, Hrst, LeRoy, second, Wolcott, '96 lit, third,
time, :22 3-5.
Running high jump-Coliin, '97 lit, first, St. Clair, '96 lit, second, Wolcott, '96
lit, third, height, 5 feet, 4 I-2 inches.
Running broad jump--Mulheron, '97 medic, first, Coffin, Q7 lit, second, Wolcott,
'96 lit, third, distance, zo feet, 5 inches.
' Summary of Points.
Ninety-Six Lits, . . . 33
Ninety-Seven Lits, . I 31
Ninety-Four Laws, . 20
Ninety-Seven Medics, I5
Ninety-Five Lits, . IO
Ninety-Five Laws, . IO
Ninety-Six Dents, 3
100 yards dash......
220 yards dash ......
440 yards run . . .
SSO yards run .....
1-mile run ............
120 yards hurdlc .....
220 yards hurdle .....
2'lllllC bicycle ................
Running high jmnp .........
Standing high jump ........ .
Running broad jump .......
Standing broad jump. ..... ..
Running hop, step S1 jump.
Pole vault .....................
Running high kick ..... ..
llrop-kick, foot-hall .... .....
Mile walk ..............
if Standing throw.
Table of Records.
Il. Ulf M.
22 2-5 sec.
54 2-5 sue.
5 ft., 6 3-4 in.
4 ft., 8 1-4 in.
20 ft., 6 in.
IO ft., 6 in.
42 ft., 7 in.
WQ4 ft., 3 in.
37 ft., 1 in.
llUI.lll'IR Ol-' RECOR D.
j l". N. Bonine, '88
Q G. ll. Chapman,
G. l'l. Chapman,
W. li. Hodgman, '95
M. lf. Smith,
Paul Smits, '97
G. l.. Recd, '94
I. C. Belden, '93
Jas. Van Inwagcn, '92
Jas. Van lnwagcn, '92
Il. Gamhlc, 'QI
G. II. St. Llair, '96
R. 0. Austin, ,QS
W. C. Malloy, '91
NV. C. Mallcy, 'QI
l.. C. Martin, '95
Jas. li. llufly, '90
IJ. C. VVoreestcr, '86
n.-xrn. COLLHGIATIC. YVORLD.
l I0 sec. :9 3-4
IS93. :21 4-5 :21 4-5
1394. 54111-2 :4S 1-4
1893. 1:55 1-4 1:53 1-2
1895. 4:25 4:12-43
1893- :TS 4-5 115 3-5
1894- 124 3-5 124 3-5
1891 6 ft., 4 in. 6 ft., 4X in.
5ft., IZ in. 5 ft., 32 in.
22 ft.,IIX in.
23 ft., 6j4 in
1891 loft., Siu. IO ft., IOM in
1894 44fI.,IlK in. 48 ft., 8 in.
ISQ4. 1oft.,1oKg in. II ft., 9 in.
ISQI I2j ft., 9in. 1.15 ft., M in.
ISQI 42 ft. 47 ft.
1893 9ft., S in. 9 ft., 8 in.
1S9o. 163 ft. 72 in. 172 ft., 8 in.
Tennis Champions at the University of Michigan.
Fall of 1887 .......
Spring of 1888 .....
Fall of 1889 .....
Fall of 1890 .....
Spring of 1891 .....
l"all of 1891 .......
Spring of 1892 .....
Pall of 1892 .......
Spring of 1863....
Fall of 1893 .......
Spring of 1894 .....
Fall of 1894 ....
Angell .... .............
Angell .... .......
Angell .... Page .....
Elting ..... Slocum .....
Paddock ..... Suydum .....
Paddock ..... Suydam
Jocelyn. ..... McKenzie...
McKenzie... Jocelyn. . ..
Gale and Miller.
Angell and Codd.
Angell and Codd.
Slocum and Page.
Slocum and Page.
Brown and Shaw.
Paddock and Dodge.
Paddock and Suyflam.
Chickering and McKenzie
- Chickering and McKenzie
Chickering and McKenzie
Track cmd Field Athletics.
WHE most important athletic team of a university is in many respects the
track team, if we are to recognize athletics as an essential element of
college life. Training for the track team confers in most cases equal bene-
fits to those derived from playing baseball and football, while the require-
ments are not so great. Football demands a physique quite above the
average, while to be a successful baseball player one must possess natural
skill. On the other hand, any normally healthy person can do something in
track athletics. In other words, baseball and football put a premium on the
already developed athlete, while the track team affords a field for those who
are in need of physical development. Looked at from this side, the function
of thecollege track team is important. '
It cannot be disputed that Michigan has moved rapidly forward in ath-
letics in general the past few years. Has track athletics kept pace with this
movement? If by this is meant a steady, healthy growth, we must answer no.
Now that we have a gymnasium to look to and prospects are so good, it is
well to draw a lesson from the past. The past two years furnish interesting
examples of what we can do and what we can fail to do.
Previous to 1893 track athletics had been on the wane for several years,
but the inauguration of the Northwestern Intercollegiate Association Cham-
pionship meeting in Chicago was just reviving the interest. Under aggressive
management, though hampered among other things by the lack of a regular
trainer, track and field games rose during that one year to a higher position
than they had ever before occupied at Michigan. The team that represented
the University at Chicago won the Intercollegiates with a total of 52 points,
Wisconsin being second with 45 points and Northwestern third with I5 points.
When the season of 1894 came round, the Northwestern Intercollegiate
Association was a thing of the past. Without this inducement to train, there
was little interest and a corresponding lack of attention given to the manage-
ment of track and field sports. When the seasonlwas well on, the Western
college games at Chicago, now under charge of the Western Intercollegiate
Association, were inaugurated. With a strange lack of local patriotism,
Michigan decided to ignore the VVestern games and to send any men who
qualified to the American Intercollegiates at New York. It will be seen that
anyonefs prospects for qualifying to go East were rather poor, when it is
remembered that there was no trainer and but meager facilities for training.
Michigan's action in staying out of the Western college games had aroused
much comment, and ten days before these games, entries were sent down to
Chicago and the idea of sending anyone East was abandoned. From the
results of the annual field day and from past records, nine men were picked
out to represent Michigan at Chicago, all but two or three of them prac-
tically untrained. It were painful to go into the details of how that team
skulked home with the bare sum of five points to its credit, leaving Michigan
sixth in the list of colleges represented, the first five being University of Illi-
nois, University of Chicago, Iowa State University, Chicago University and
Iowa College. The team was not to blame, the mistake lay with the manage-
ment which left them untrained and then sent them to meet men no better
than themselves, except that they were in shape to compete.
The lessons to be drawn from the experience of these two years in track
athletics, one with more or less systematic fostering of the sports, the other
with a Zzzissez faiffe policy, are made more pointed by the following compari-
son of records made in the annual field days of 1893 and 1894:
1oo yards dash ...... 'ro IO 1-5 s
220 yards dash ....... 22 2-5 22 3-5 s
440 yards run ...... 55 51 s
880 yards run ...... 2 m. 16 1-5 2 m. I3 3-5 s
Mile run ...... ........ . .. 5 m. 9 4 m, 51 3-5 s
120 'yards hurdle ...... ................ 1 8 2-5 s
220 yards hurdle ...... 27 2-5 26 2-5 s
One mile bicycle ...... 2 rn. 52 3 m. 5 2-5 s
Two mile bicycle ......... 5 ni, 58 3-5 6 m. SI s
Running broad jump ...... ...... 1 9 ft. 9 in zo ft. 5 in
Running high jump ...... .. 5 ft. 4 in. 5 ft. 4 1-2 in
Pole vault ............... .. 9 ft. 6 in. IO ft.
Shot put ......... ...... . .. ..... 34 ft. II in. 32 ft. 8 I-2 in
Hammer throw ...... ...... . ......... 7 4 ft. 70 ft. 2 in
At first glance there may not seem to be much difference in the records
of the two years. The real significance of the comparison is found when we
remember that not one-half as many men competed last year as the year
before, and the good records were all made by a few prominent men with no
others near them in the competition.
We have thus learned that some intercollegiate meeting is imperatively
necessary as an incentive to training, and have seen the results of a lack of
policy in management. Proiiting by the mistakes of the past, and with our
splendid gymnasium to lean back upon, we should henceforth stand at the
head in track athletics as in other things. A. LE ROY, '96,
LADIES' GYMNASIUM CLASS
U. OF M. DAILY BOARD
The U. of M. Daily.
Board of Editors-Hfter Holidays.
HARRY CoI.I2'MAN, '97, 1lIanag1'1.Ig Effilor. '
G. B. HARRISON, Law '96, A.I-szlvmzzl. C. H. FARRIcI.I., '98, Amzlvlafzl.
A. W. SMITH, Lit. Special, Asszlvlazzf. A. LIQROY, '96, AM!e'!1'cEzz'z'!f11'.
J. S. PEARL, Law '95, BllJl.llfS.F M1lld'g'L'l'.
H. W. LEVV, Law '95, Amzlvlanl.
S. B. SHII.Ev. ,95.
E. L. EVANS, Law '95.
CARRIE V. SMITI-I, '96.
S. BAR'I'LE'I'T, ,Q7.
M. GII.IaER'I', Engr. '97.
E. R. SUNDIQRLANIQ, '96,
L. R. HAAIIILEN, Law '96.
W. A. SIJILI., Law '96.
H. B. GAMAION, Medic '9S.
' MINNIIL M. THOMPSON, ,97.
Board of Editors-Aprll 6, '95.
IAS. A. LEROV, AllllIlltg"l'll,g" Ea'z'Zoz'.
HAIQIQISON, Law '96, A.v.v1'.v!a:1l. W. A. SI'II.I., Law 96, A.H'.l'l1l'fl7IIf.
SMITH, Special, .4.l'Sl'SflllIf.
HAIQIQV CoI.I-:AIAN, ,Q7 Alhfvffv l5I1'1'z'w
J. S. 1'IaARI., Law '95, b'u.vz'1lc.v.v .fllu11aIg'z'1'.
' MINNII: 'l'IIoxII'soN, '97,
H. A. DANCER, 95.
E. R. SUNIIIQRLANIJ, '96
CARRII-1 V. SAIITII, '96.
L. A. I'RA'I"I', '96.
E. L. EVANS, Law '95.
C. A. H0UGH'I'oN,
M. GII.III-:R'I', ling. YQ7.
' ' s I
L. H. IIARRI-1I.I., 9b.
j. A. l"INI.If:v, '98.
S. 141. KNAIIIAEN, '98.
I-I. B. GAIIMON, Medic '98,
G. A. HI:A'I'I-I, Pharmic.
INLAN DER BOARD.
Tbe Monthly Literary Exponent of the University.
Board of Editors.
F. H. W ll.l.l'l'S, IM11111g'1'11g' Ea'1'fm'.
,l. H. l'1u-:N'rlss, .lf11.v1'111'.vxlWi11la.qf'1'.
1,, A, l'R,4'l-'I-, C. C. l'.xiesoNs.
Fortnlgbtly Humorous Exponent.
Board of Editors
f2lCORCl5 IQUSSELL BANK!-LR, '98, flfllllllglnllg' Ediior.
EDWIN H AYNES HUMPHREY, '97, Bll.Yl'lll'.V.Y 1lI1z11a,gfrr.
ENRY RALPH ,Klci.i.ouc:, ,95, HAI, Hmmci-: SMITH, '95,
IVNANK lliuscmc, '95, .'xR'l'HUR Mfiukicl-: SMITH
M. Wnm.s1':v CIAMPAU, '96, CW11, S'1'l1Au'i' IC. G.xi,imA1'i'li, '95,
IVIQANK lll-:Nlav l'1f:'i'1zll1:, '96.
The Monthly Bulletin.
Organ ofthe S. C. Fl.
Board of Editors.
.NNN I.. RILIHARDS, l,it. '95, .'M11111,q'1'1l,g"Ef1'1'ln1'.
.lull-is H. l'1tl4:N'l'iss. l.it. '96, .lgll.l'l'llI',l'.l' fllaznzgw-,
l URiQ'i"i'A A. Hovm-zs, l.it. '96, LT. ll. 'l'mmlfsoN, l.it. Spec.,
FRANK P. SADLI-114, l,it. '96, FRANK HAMSHICR, l.it. ,95,
lflu-:iv McN.xUc:H'mN, lfljqh Srhfm! E11'flor.
DENTAL JOURNAL STAFF
The Dental Journal.
Board of Editors.
I.. li. CHUNR.-lll'l', fl!1111f1g'1'1.gq' l:'fr'1'fn1'.
C. H. liixlrl-iv, !f11.v1'm'.v.v.fWf11n1gv'r.
IDR. A. W. HAim,i-:, Xlfll7lllH' l:'f1'1'!m'.
O. M. BAR'l'0N,4,Q5,v I-I. l'i:lNz, '96,
, C. H. NIINOR, '97.
The Michigan Alumnus.
Publlsbed Monthly During the College Year In the Interests of the Alumni and Old Students of
the Urylvarslty of Mlclglgan.
Arvicx A. l'i-:.xlesoN, '94, lc'f1'1'fw' amz' l'11A!11i-hiv.
Associate Alumnl Edltors.
SAMUI-11. F. HAwi.i-:x', lhxiu. ll. l3,xi:s'r.
Chicago, illinois. llulroit. Nlicgliigzm,
I'IUR'l'ON C. RVAN, ll. I". xV1ll.l.MAN,
St, Louis, Missouri. Kansas City, Missouri.
A. xV.iJEl+'l"liRlS, I-l. W. txvlilllilili,
Oinalm, Nebraska. . Denver, Cfolorzulo.
CARI, K. l'iRllC!FMAN, liuH'alo, New York.
,..-c-- . -
Boa rd of Editors.
HENRY R. K1':l,x.ocsc:, . .
S. B. Snxmcv,
CHM. H. IJUNQAN,
FRANK D. ADAMS, .
HPlRlil'1R'l' A. 1'7ANclf:la,
Amare BlliS'I'lCR, . . .
1'lOlll'1R'l' O. AUSTIN, BRVSON D. HlJll'I'lJN,
NlcI.1.l1c j. MAIANKI-:x',
Homin W. Wvcxomf,
PETER W. DYKEMA, PEARI, I.. Comzv,
The Sophomore Llt. Flnnuol.
Board of Editors.
A. K. R. HU'1'CHINSON, . .
.fI.v.v1'.vl. AftIlltI.g"l'Il.g" lc'11'1'fa1
flxxzlvl. fJ,llA'l.llL'.V.Y IM111ag'r1
.'l.V.Vl.k'l'. h'Il.Vl'llI'A'.S' 1lLlll!Ilg"I'l
ANN I.. RICIIARIIS,
H. HUMl'HRF1X', . J3fm'11c.v.v fl1lHliI'g"l'l'
Miss BELLE I.. Ons, . . . .S'cw'vtmy.
Miss S'1'1sm.A WVES'l'CU'1"1', R. I.. Dr-:,xN, R. C. NVHITMAN,
H. C. JACKSON, li. P. I,AMUN'l', W. IC. 'I'Av1.oN,
C. 'O. Coolc.
HE fjilfflllllllllfll is now thirty-seven years old, having First appeared in
1858. The editorial board consisted then as now, of one represen-
tative from the senior class of each of the fraternities in the literary depart-
ment. The book was at lirst only a small pamphlet, containing little besides
lists of names. But, like everything else connected with the University, the
fjllffllilllillill has constantly grown and gained strength, nntil it is now a book
of 200 pages, The editors number at present fourteen, those for 1895 being
U. li. Sl'AUl,DlNG, jk., If I-I ll, AAIlllI'g"l.ll.Q' lE11'z'lnr.
G. C. K1-11-:ei-I, ,Y A lf, . ,lfn.vf'11f'.v.vfllkzfffzgw.
l'. ll. lloliklnxxlm, fl .l 41, ,..... S'f'f1'1'l1l1j'.
.limi-:s H. lluxmia, .l' 'lj A. C. ll1.oomlf1l-11.11, .I ln' "",
,I lcieomi-1 lNc:l-zksori., L' 41, ll. lf. Mcl.ou'rn, Z 'l",
li. ti. Wi-wks, 'l" l', CT. ll. NIORSI-I, jk., 41 -3 'lf',
tl. R. Sl.A'l'l-zu, .l 7'.l, I". ll. Riel-miumson, .1 l',
H. n. iviim, 'fl' l'4l, C. w. 1+'fm-ER, 41 .1 H,
FRANK Bklseoi-1, H .1 .l'.
Senior Law Annual
Board of Editors.
ll. I". l.x'oNs, . . . .fllfrzzfzlg-'1'11g I:'rlz'lor.
,l. W. liinunfxn, lx! xl.r.v11l-1.
W. M. XVHl'Il'1l.l'IR, . 21111, .4.r.v1'.vl.
W. U. IVICAXIARY, .S'f'fn'fnf1i'.
C. I4IUlllll'2l.l., !i11.v1'm'.v.vjllazfngzw.
W. A. KIQERNS, . . . lsr A.r.rz1i-1.
C. B. Hl'1NIJl'IliSON, . . . 2111! f4.v.v11l-1.
W. W. XVEDIQMICYER, I.. tlimr, H. G. I-IAn1ncN,
J. V. RoslcNc1eANclf:, T. 19. Dovm-1.
Senlor Engineers' Annual.
Board of Editors.
H1-:MAN B. l,r:uN.x1m, ' i 1lla11ag1'11g'!:'dz'lm'.
H. W. W vclcm-'I-', . !i1r.rz'1n'.v.vfMz1141gr1
'l'. D. 1VIcCol.l,, , , , , , .S'n'1'c!mj'.
Amex. M. Hfxumuuu, CHARLICS H. SP1-:Nm-zu.
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STUDENTS' LECTURE ASSOCIATION
Students' Lecture Association.
E C. LINDLICY, l,l'L'5l.Il,t?llf.
J. B. BROOKS, Wea-Prasz'a'cf1!.
C. E. WAKE1f1isI.D, . Carrc.y1omz'z'ng Serrchzzj
JOHN B. DOWDIGAN, Rl'C07'Il'l'7lg' Srfrclazy.
H. E. T0o'1'HAKisR, . ' Trea.r11rw'.
J. G. WINE. . . . Asszlvlazzl Trcaszlrcr.
HW. H. SIMONS, J. ERNEST BRQWNE,
AGNES F. WATSON, WINIFRED R. CRAINE,
D. C. REEVES, HARRY H. W1-1i'r'1'EN.
Oro toriccl Elssociation.
josv-:vu H. QuAlu.i':s,
IC. C. I.INlII.I-ZY, . .
I-I. R. Ckozll-in, . .
. 7 7'r'a.r111'1'1'.
Delegate Lo the League Contest, Iowa City, May 4
, nl. Il. liuooxs.
Winners of Contests
Slnce the Foundation of the Inter-Colleglcte League.
UNIVICRSITY CON'l'I'2S'I'. .
-A. C. Gormley, first.
W. B. Kelley, second.
--I. IC. Roberts, first.
N. J. McGuire, second.
I.. G. Long, first.
. B. Nelson, second.
. P. Sadler, first.
. I.. Oliver, second.
j. H. Mays, first.
. I.. Ingraham, second.
E. Michigan, ..
'. WHICRIE HI-11.11
.. ......Ann Arbor.
Northwestern, .... .... I Evanston.
Michigan, ..... .... I flberlin.
I Michigan, ..... ...... N Iaclison.
be helcl at Iowa City.
The Orotoricol Association.
EN years ago oratory in the University of Michigan was in a feeble con-
dition, and little or no interest was then taken in public speaking.
Since that time, however, this branch of education has been steadily encour-
aged. In 1884 Professor Trueblood gave a six weeks course in elocution
under the direction of the faculty, but not as one of its members. During
the next year another six weeks course was given, in 1886, on petition of the
Law Department, the time was extended to ten weeks. Later the literary
students petitioned for free tuition in elocution. This petition was granted,
and Mr. Trueblood was engaged for one semester as assistant professor. In
1893 he was made full professor.
In 1889 the University Oratorical Association was organized. The first
thought was to form a local society, then to form a state organization, and
later ask for admission to the Inter-State Association. But it was learned
that ten states were already members. Eleven orations, it was thought,
would be too many, so it was decided to form a new association composed of
leading western universities. Accordingly invitations were sent to Cornell,
Oberlin, Northwestern and Wisconsin, to send delegates to Ann Arbor in
june 1890, to organize such an association. All the institutions but Cornell
responded, and the Northern Oratorical League was the outgrowth of this
convention, with Michigan, Northwestern, Oberlin and Wisconsin as the
charter members. During the next two years Iowa and Chicago Universities
also became members.
The following testimonials were established. First honor, University of
Michigan Oratorical Association, seventy-five dollars, second, fifty dollars.
First honor, Northern Oratorical League, one hundred dollars, second, fifty
dollars. In the fall of 1894 the Chicago Alumni Association established " a
testimonial in the form of a gold medal and fifty dollars in cash to be given
annually to the student who wins First honor in the contest of the Oratorical
Association." The association is now about to publish the honor orations of
its five annual concerts.
RICHARD R. LYMAN, Lit. '95,
R. R. LVMAN,
MINNII: J. GARDNER,
ANNA E. BUCK,
H. M. Lxsvv, .
O'I"1'0 H. HANS,
F. C. IRWIN,
H. S. VOOIIHIQES,
G. j. AIIIIIf:I'I'I-:II,
W. S. FI.IN'I', .
H. Ii. No'I'IIoMI
W. A. SPILI., .
C. F. KIMIIALI.,
I.. la. MAI-IAN,
C. I.. DEVAUIJI'
IE. G. RVIQIQII,
N. j. SMITH,
E. S. NORRIS,
H. M. HUIPF,
D. I. PRUGH,
J. V. f3X'l'OIiY,
S errata fy.
C07'I'f5f071Il,l'7Ilgf Sew fflllj
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, ' 'H' I an-.Y'T1
J. Hl'lNllX' Dwi,
'l'. j. HA'I'SXVI'Il.I.,
'l'. D. MCCOLI.,
C. F. S'1'm-:I-:'x'r-zu,
'l'. H. l"l':lu:zrsoN,
C. D. Nl-:w'1'oN, . .
P1101-'. li. R. EGGr.1cs'1'oN, I'1'c.vz'1z'c11!.
C. A. ARMSTRONG, . Wa'-P1'csz'1z'c11i
FRANK 'l'1'rUs, . .Skw-flazjf.
S. H. S'1'mvAR'l', Trmxzzrrr.
.Plzol-'. l+'1mNc1s W, K1zl.sm', , 17l'l'A'1.1l,L'llf.
MR. IQ. H. MIQNSML, S'1w'c!a1j'a1l1f .79'f'flJ'fff'f'f'
RALPH L. XVILLIAMS, , jbfpmimf,
C. O. PI-IH.I.l1's, , M'flr-j',-fmit-111
MISS Drzssuc ROlH'lR'l'S, Sfcz-f!azj'.
SAMUEL R MUMMERY, Tl'L'dA'lll'l.'l'.
F. L. EDINBHROUGH. XV. M. YVHI-llil.ER. XV. A. KI-Il-IRXS. J. H. MAYS. E. L. ALLUR
C. J. SCHUCK. Ll'CIl-IX GRAY. H. M. ZIBIMI-IRXLXX. G. XV. FULLER. XV. S. CLARK
. , . -.gag rf :N ' CL.
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Officers for I894-95.
H ENRY IVIAR'I'IN ZlMMl':imi.xNN, . . ,l'n'.v1'.fw1l.
Wii.i,i.xAi Aim-:ie'i' liici-zims, .S'crf'm11ji'.
Cimiu.ics 'IOIIN SCIIUCK, . . 79-m.v11n'1'.
G. W. l+'Ui.i.icu, li. S. Roczleias,
P. G. BURNHAM, I. H. Mus,
IG. I.. ALLOR, I.. Gimv,
H. XVI'IINS'l'I-IIN, W. K. V.-main,
I". I.. EIJINIIORKJUGH, W. II. Iiiizcicicic,
W. M. VVIII-2I'II.I'IR. .
CAfter March, l895.J
If. I.. INc:i:.xi-mm, . . ,,I'I'A'liI,L'lIf.
C. II. 'I'HOM1'soN, l"z'n'-!'1'1'.v1?1'w1f
C. I.. Mcfiuliuc, .Sm-1-1'faf11'.
YV. W. PARK, . . . 7y'l'lI.i'Il1'I'l'.
Delegates tothe National League Convention.
W. S. Cmiui, O. H. 'I'mvicie,
If. I.. I'ImN1:oRour:ii, W. j. W.xi.i.M:ic,
, , .Q X.
X A-.-.rf ff
A. J. VIOLETTE, J. V. 1. Rosrzxcluxsrz, P. J. CROSBY, D. F. Ixoxs, J. P. w,xsoN, G. RYK1-za,
A. C. M,CAUGHAN, I-I. L. THOMPSON, T. F. DOYLI-I, N. -I. SMITH, -IR., G. j. ARB!-IITEK.
J. F. DOYLE,
E. L. THOMPSON,
G. J. ARBE1'rL:R,
N. J. SMITH,
A. J. VIOLETTE,
A. C. MCCAUGHAN, T"f05W'C'f'-
J, P, WASON, , , Sa'1'g1'fzz1!-al-Arms.
. Executive Committee.
D. A. EDWARDS. D- F- IAVONS,
11, J, CIQOSIQY, J. V. RQSIQNCRANCE,
E. G. Rvicma.
F. A. KULP, . .lJl'L'.Yl.Il'L'lIf.
H. S. VOORHEES,
G. A. PARMENTER
A. Rims, .
J. W. PARKER,
M. F. NICHOLS,
W. H. BUTTOLPH,
X. M. CAXII-IRON, E. N. Hr:A'l'H, B. 1'. HKCKS, rs. H. AMES. 1. W. BINGHAM
R. I. sl'L1.n'AN, E. B. HOUSE, w. xi. rmwxlxu.
EDWARD Holzsxv, ,
EDWARD B. Housm,
BYRON P. Hrcxs,
BAVARD H. A
E. N. HEATH,
NQRMAN M. CAMERON, A, j. Vml.l1:'l"l'lc,
R. I. SULLIVAN, Jol-IN W. BINGHAM,
Wn.I.IAM C. BoRs'r, XVARWICK M. DDWNI
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XVINIFRICIN CIQAINIQ, , l'n'.rz'1z'f11f.
lixmm MeN1oiue,xN, , V1'c1'-f'n'.v1'n'1'11f.
I ,c i U RA Woo 1 1 I: U If lf, C211'r1'.iy5n1111'1'11g' Sf'r1'c1'f11j'
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KA'l'HARlNl-I I'UNeHi-xox, . . 7'n'a.v11n'1'.
Fruit cmd Flower Mission.
HIllQ'l'I-ZNSl'1 V. I3 RUCIC,
JULIA .-XNc:i4:l.1,, .
-lif:,x,N Comm-., . .
. . y?'6'1I.i'Nl't'l
XVARRICN I.:-zwis, S. l'. Bum:
li. C. LINDLEY, Chl7l.l'lIIlllI,
ISAAC I". STI-:RN, FRANK BRISCOI-1,
JAAII-ts H. DUNIIAR, J. M. SWII"'I',
J. li. BROOKS, B. D. HCJIi'I'ON,
J. O. MURI-'IN, Chazbvflmz,
P. D. BOURLAND, FRANK HAAISHER,
M. W. NEAL, I.ES'1'l'IR A. S'I'ANI.Ev,
Gl'IR'l'RUDl5 SIJNDERLAND, ANNIE DUNS'1'ER,
ICIJNA MlE'1"l'I.Eli, BELLE DONALDSON.
ANN I. RICIIARIIS, ChlZ1'l'llIl7ll,
ANNIE S. TIIOMRSON, MI-:Nz I. IQOSENHAUM,
F. l'f.'WViLI,l'l'S, CIIAS. W. 1"OS'I'ER.
I'Il'IRlilCR'l' A. DANCER, Cwllllflllllll,
CLARICNCIC O. JOHNSON, I-IARRY V. KNIc:II'I',
ICIINA IC. GRIAIES, CLARA M. MCOAIIIER,
HOWARD M. COX, MINNII5 P. HOWELL,
NANCY E. PI-:RnuM, CfldZ'l'llltlll.
VANCE P. XVILKINS, ALICE BIESTER,
JOSEPH BRICNNICMANN, JR., CHARI.O'I"I'E G. NOIILE
WALLACII: W. CIIICKI-IRING, ISAAC SHl'1lC'l'S.
JAMES O. MUlllf'IN, Cwhtllflllllll,
PI.A'l"l' R. BUSH, JOHN B. BROOKS,
PI-:ARL L. COLIIY, ALICE li. WAIIswOR'I'II
STUDENTS' CHRISTIAN ASSOCIATION OFFICERS
Students' Christian Association-.
Officers for I894-95.
N. A. GII.cHRIs'I', . , P1'c.I'1'da11!.
IJ. I". NIICRTZ, . G1'11e1'a!.S1'r1'L'la1jI.
I.. H. BI-:ALs, Fcncml
NIARY P. lSI.oUN'I', ' ' '
W. M. Ml'1Il'I'Z, . . . ,
I.. I,IcoNoRI-:CoNovI-LR, Lltumy Dtpmtment'
IITNQQSTLIB E' MCCliC3l IDCPZJ.l'tll1CI'lt, I I71'fp-f31'g5fg'g11fy,
JIQNNII-2 H. GlilI"l1'lN,
H om copathic Uepartm ent,
H. B. FIINMAN, Dental Department .
T. li. 1.If:I.ANn,
A. D. Rirzss,
XVILSON INZLINGLER, .
H. B. MIQRRICK,
W. A. HIcAR'I"I',
L. A. PRA'l"I',
Nl'II.I.IE IQICNNAN, .
C. IC. XVIIl'l'l'l, ' .
CASQII-1 R. MoN'I'Ac:UI-:,
P. W. lV5YKlCMA, .
H. W. NIcIsI0I.s,
Law Department, .
M L'll16L'l'.S'hlf Sffflrlazjf.
Awllvlazli T l'L'lZ.i'Il1'L'1'.
University Cornedy Club.
First Performance Moy IO, I895.
H I IND Mic 1"Iv1f: SHILI.INGS,,, and "Wo01.mcocK's III'I"1'I.IE CAMI
NORMAN H. HACKl'2'l"l',
."XR'1'HUR M. SMITH,
IQARL IC. HAIQIZIBIAN,
FRED W. B. COLEMAN,
BIQNJAMIN C. COCKIQR,
RoIIIcR'I' C. BOURLANII,
JAMES S. HANDY,
HARRY T. NIGH'1'INGAI.I'
STEPHEN C. BABCOCK,
Miss Bmssuz DUNSTIQR,
Miss MAIBIEI. FRAINII,
MISS VICVA DUFFY,
Miss UINX l3UNS'l'lCR.
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Lines to Mr. Finney.
For am not I Great-Chief-Own-theLibraryP
Bow, senior with the pale face
jump, little freshman,
and studious habit
Your morning obeisance, Mr. Davis,
Doff your hats, engineer and janitor,
Sheath your sword, oh victorious Venus before the battle of
For I am come!
Shut your mouth, Prexy-
Oh, Lord l -
What have I done, what have I done lj
Your Royal Highness,
I crave a thousand pardons.
Kindly that I may not err thus again.
That I am similar unto Mr. Longfellow's fl've read his works
Finney and his turnip,
My head grows and grows
Like unto Mr. I"inney's behind-
Shall never put it in a pot.
Already is too large for that!
For is not my girth,
My very august presence,
l,ike unto a large basket emptied of its contents?
For I am
So long as legislatures sit
And save the state,
And kick on the 'Varsityls apportionmentg
As I draw my salary
.And books are drawn-
My own jokefj
World without end,
PROFESSOR DEMMON-ClOOlilllg around class in Literary Criticismj-
"There seem to be a good many absent ones here today."
DR. FREIER Qscolding classj-"I don't care whether you study my book
or not. You'll find the subject word for word in any modern text-book on this
STUDENT fto whom the philosopher Re-bee hath kindly brought four vol-
umes of Platoj-"Mr. Rebec, did you not find Plato a heavy subject?"
fMr. Rebec looks dashed.j
STUDENT-" How far did you carry these books P"
MR. REBEC-"AlJOL1f a mile-oh! I see what you mean l"
SOPHOMORE fentering room where drawing class is being heldj-"Is Pro-
fessor Davis in here? "
FRESHMAN--" No this is Professor Lzzlwfs section,"
ANDY MAC farranging girls in chapel during visit of legislature, opening
his mouth widej-" Senior girls will please fall in."
On the morning after the celebration of our victory over Cornell.
Pnoif. M. COOLEY-"I haven't my roll here, is anybody absent P"
FITZPATRICK fdrilling boys at gymj-"Inhale -- -- - egz -- - - egz
- -- egz -- - let her go!"
MR. HALL fwho lets Preston's Theory on Heat fall to the groundj--
"Uh never mind, it is only fallen temperature."
DUPY fto class of engineers in scientific French, after five minutes' close
figuringj-VA kilometer is about three-fourths of a mile, so a velocity of 40
kilometers an hour means 120 miles an hour."
J. B. JOHNSTON-
After ycars of groping
ln problems philosophical
Perplexity has vanished, and at last
he's found a way.
After toilsonie struggles
His lucky star has risen,
His troubles are all ended, and he has
come to DAY.
ZIWET--"lVl1'. Pratt, are you an engineering student? Then maybe you
could help me move this bench back."
QOn another occasionj-"You should work more neatly, Mr. Pratt.
Your work should be so that a person looking over it could easily find several
MR. HIGLEY fprefacing his lecture on phosphorusj-"Mr. Whitsit and
I tried to make matches today." . . . And immediately all the girls
began eying each other with envy and suspicion.
,Q7 Co-ED fto " Professor" Lutenj- " You are a Freshman, aren't you,
Mr. Luten? Well, just wait until your Sophomore year, and then you will
know what Work is. "
MR. LEVI fin a class of the usual ability in Freshman Frenchj--"Mr.
Dean, you remind me very much in your translation of that passage in
Shakespeare: 'What are you fafiug, my Lord?', and the answer was,
'Words, words, words! "' '
MR. DOW Qquizzing in Course 22-"Miss Warren, give briefly and in
detail, the effects, ecclesiastical, religious, theological, political, social and
economical of the Auroraborealis and the Septentrion on the anti-sacerdotal
sect of Walcleiises in France."
MR. HALL, Qlooking over exam. PHPCFSQ-"DOl1't they know any-
fHalf a minute laterj--" Don't they know nfzylhzvzg AT ALI. ? "
PROF. HINSDALE fin History of Educationj--"Now, a catechist was one
who taught the catechism to the catechumens during the catechumenate in
the catechetical schools. 'l
Fierce is the rhinoceros,
' Grim the hippopotamus,
I-lempl, like these awful beasts,
'l'ramples over all of us.
PROP. TRUEBLOOD fin his law class in oratoryj-"You must get full Qof
your subjectj if you intend to move your audience."
DR. BIGHAM exclaims as usual when told that Mr. Hickman is color-
blind: "Ve' nice! ve' nice!"
PROF. THOMPSON Qwaxing eloquentj-"No, man must stand aside that
the breeze may fan his neighbors brow." fCries of Repeat, Repeatlj
DR. BIGI-IAM, making a call on Miss Bingham, accepts a chocolate, and
holding it up remarks aesthetically: "There is, I think, something very spir-
ituelle about this chocolate drop." fliites it-a deluge of brandyj--"Ah!"
TRUEBLOOD Qto Everybodyj-"Your ability is exceptional. With a little
training you'll Win the contest." CLessons 392. 50 an hour.j
HOVEY Qapplying for admission to Trueblood's classj-"I have read
Shakespeare's 'Romeo and juliet,' Dante's 'Inferno,, and Sadler's 'Mira-
TRUEBLOOD-"Certainly, you can come in."
A FRESH CO-ED, in Mr. Hall's Math Ia, having missed six out of nine
problems in the final exam., adds the following note to her paper: "Mr,
Hall, I would rather have a 'Con' than a 'Not Passed,' because I would like
to take Conic Sections with you next semester." QShe got her rf-rvz'z'z'.j
, PROF. HENIPL Qin class in Spoken Englishj-"So you don't know
what '1-it' means? Perhaps you would say 'damn it.' By the way, I
am trying to make the most complete collection of all circumlocutions of the
same idea, and I wish if you find any new ones, you would report them
HALL Qin astronomyj-"What is the technical name for the people who
are governed by phases of the moon?"
VOICE fscarcely audiblej-"Lunatics."
Oh, we raise up mighty monuments
To the deeds our heroes do,
And we write on brazen tablets
Where all the world can view-
'l'he name of Arnold Winkelried,
And we chisel Pythias' fame,
While the Lion of Lucerne preserves
The Swiss Guard's honored name.
Ben l?ranklin's sturdy statue stands
Through sunshine, snow and rain,
And points us backward to the time
Of Old Class Seventy's train.
'E'en our post-office doorstep has its tale
Of a hero of ours to tell,
Where the big round dent in that granite slab
Marks the spot where Bourland fell.
P. G. Students.
HAI.AI'I.IAN-" Standing on the border of a springtime of ideas. "
FRESH CO-ED-"WhO are the most refined gentlemen in the Univer-
HURD, ,Q4-" Well, me and Watson are prominent candidates for that
ANDY MAC-" Mr. Selling, what is a quorum in the senate P"
SELLING-"'A quorum is a majority of those present."
THE PRAYER or THE FAITHFUL-"There is one God-Halapliang and
Halaplian is his prophetg Halaplian is great! Halaplian is great !"
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.f 1 'f ' ' - . ' XP - 1
f X fi ' i
For the Enlightenment of the World.
THE following fragment was evidently prepared by Prof. Scott for use in
his English classes. THE CASTALIAN declines to state how it came into pos-
sess1on of it :
ENGLISH DEPAR'l'MEN'l'. RHl'1'l'0RlC AND COMl'0Sl'l'l0N.
lNl,7lVlDUAI. RlCl'0R'l' NO. 3-COURSE 2.
The two preceding reports have yielded very satisfactory results, but as some
present this Report No. 3 as a supplement. Since this work is to be used for sci-
entific purposes, I hope this, like the previousiwork, will be characterived b a
serious and scholarly spirit.
of the questions were niisconstrued and a few important details were om
A. PREVIOUS TRAINING AND lNl"l,UlCNCES.
1. Is this your first time on earth? 2. Under what constellation were you
born? under what kind of a moon-full or sober? what kind of weather? raining?
if so what? pitchforks or philologists? 3. What were early speech influences?
Cinformation in regard to the first six weeks of your existence is especially desi1'ed.j
Did the K. M.'s'l' and B. Y. M.'s'f speak Latin or Greek? 4. What practice
have you had in writing and speaking? Arc you at all inclined to the habit tech-
nically called "talking through your hat"? In answering this question be very
careful to indicate the kind of hat you use, giving material, color, size, etc.
5.. Has your reading been extensive? Have you read Munsey's, Trilby, Side-
talks with Girls, Scottia's and Dennia's Yellow-Cover Series? Have you been
influenced by such reading, have you received any idea from it-be very explicit
in stating, the size of any idea obtained from the last mentioned works. 6. Have
you skill in music? do you play the bass-drum or hand-organ? What effects do
midnight Thomas-orchestra cat serenades have upon your English? 7. Do you
write verse? If so, does anybody know it besides yourself? ,
B. METHODS OF WORK.
I. Do you write easily or with difficulty? if the latter, can you trace the cause
to any physical defect? Thus an unsymmetrical body is apt to produce a halting
style in a man learning to ride a bicycle, insane people are much given to the use
of hyperboles. Are you insane? 2. Under what conditions do you work best?
awake or asleep? before or after taking ----- --?'l' 3. Do you write better
when you know what you are writing about or when you think you do and don't?
4. Do words How freely when the point of a subject strikes you-as for instance
when you step on, a tack?
C. KINDS or 1MAG1NATIoNs.
1. Of what type is your imagination-Small Pica or Gothic, blonde or bru-
nette? 2. I-Iave you visual images, are they strong, medium, or weak? pure or
diluted? Do you ever see stars in broad daylight-as for instance when a brick
lightly drops upon your head? If so what style of brick, material, etc.? 3. Audi-
tory images, strong, etc., or diluted, etc. Do you have color hearing? QP-s-e-u-d-o-
c-h-r-o-in-e-s-t-h-e-s-i-a.j On hearing a cuss word does the atmosphere appear to
become blue? If so, to what degree-the darkness of indigo or the light tinge of
Italian skies? 4. Have you Motor Images, strong, etc.? Have you wheels mov-
ing in your head? How many and at what rate? QI myself have experienced
great difticulty in determining the number I have, owing to the unusually abundant
supply I possess.j 5. Gustatory images. Strong, etc. What images arise on
eating Ann Arbor hash?
WK. M.'s--Kitchen Mechanics, B. Y. M.'s -Barnyard Mechanics. These terms are much more
elegant than hired girls and men.
+'I'his spac: is l:ft blank, but no doubt it was to be filled in with the name of the advertiser who
would pay most for it.- lEditors.j
Extracts From the Announcement of the Graduate
School, for 2000-200l.
Greek I3 c. Seminary in Mythology. The ethical influence of the legend of
the Amazons on the production of the Modern VVoman. Art-room
of Bloomer Hall. Professor Edna Daisy Day.
Latin 25. Critical study of the references to the number of Horace's she-
friends as contained in the Odes and Epodes. Room E. Professor
Sanskrit 4. The proposals in Hindoo literature, with studies in the compara-
tive and superlative methodology of proposing in cognate literature.
For Seniors only. Granger Hall. Professor Ninah M. Holden.
French 38. The divorce problem in George Sand's writingsg with exercises
in the practice court of the Law Department. Mrs. W. K. Vander-
bilt, Professor Emerita. D
German 5 a. Goethe's Faust, expurgated edition Qwithout the Gretchen
scenesl, by Susan B. Anthony. The course will be conducted under
the auspices of the Y. W. C. A.g positively harmless. Room B.
Professor Jennie Wee VVork.
13. The supposed authors of the Cdes to the Doorposts of Goethe's
House in Weimar. Assistant Professor Alice E. Lynch.
English 1. Comparative study of love letters of the past and presentg the
future of love letters. Open to both freshmen and graduates. Re-
ception room in the residence of Professor Louise Kilbourne.
17. Seminary in Dramatic Literature. Exposition of Little Red
Riding Hood in character. Instructress Winifred Beman.
19. English as she ought to be spoke. Room L. Professor Lucia
History 25. The great women of the past: The Maid of Orleans, Agnes
Repplier, and Alice Freeman Palmer. Law Lecture Room. Pro-
fessor Edna E. Grimes.
Philosophy 58 c. The whichness of the whatitudinity of the iteosity in
Schleiermacher's philosophy. Chapel, each day of the week. Pro-
fessor Gertrude Sunderland.
Philosophy 77. Some suggestions as to the solution of the question: "VVhy
are women afraid of mice?" With psychological experiments in the
rat cellar of the library, which will be lighted with an extra large
number of electric lampsg a company of policemen will be stationed
in the adjoining rooms. The class will meet whenever all its mem-
bers have sufficiently recovered from their fainting fits, about once
in two weeks. Our Darling Zena Thomson.
Pedagogy IO. The Small-boy problem.. Kindergarten room. Professor
Willia Wallia Hurd.
Political Economy I7. Seminary in Finance. The feminine View of the
currency question, and methods of solving it practically. Notopen
to men. Professor Agnes Morley.
22. The Easter Bonnet, and its iniiuence on effecting a sound cur-
rency. The annual exhibition will be open to male visitors on a
receipt of the milliner of their respective wives and daughters.
Professor Frances Reilly. i '
International Law I. Should men propose? Lectures by the President of
the University, Miss Winifred Rose Craine, M. D., LL. D. NOTE-
In view of the recently advanced theory that such a barbarous state
is supposed to have been prevailing in the XIX. century, these lect-
ures would prove very interesting and important.
Music 12. Lullabies and serenadesg history, principles, and criticism.
Assistant Professor Emmanucla E. Watson, JAJ.
Mathematics 24. Method of concealing one's real age by hyperbolic har-
monics. Professor Gertrude Wacle.
Chemistry 2. Laboratory work in cosmetics. Every morning. General
Supervisor: Miss Nell Kempf.
MISS DUNBAR QPi Beta Phij-"Oh! I had a horrid time at the Senior
Social.. Only one man asked me to dance and he was one-eyed."
Miss -l Qliiappa Kappa Garnmaj-"He wouldn't have asked you
either, if he had had two eyes."
PROF. DEMMON, Qin masterpiece course.Q "Now, Mr. Simons, do you
think it would be wise to set high-school scholars or even Freshmen in the
University, to work chewing and digesting Bacon P"
SIMONS-"NO sir, Professor, I think milk is good enough for Fresh-
LINDLEY, Qbefore the S. L. A.j "They, the Glee Club, have been
heartily received wherever they have ':v4'1zt. "
LYMAN Qin class meetingj-"The motion is carried. Now it seems to
me that the class has acted very unwisely, etc., etc. A motion to reconsider
is now in order. " .
PROF. DEMMON to Rubin Qafter the preliminary debatej--"You'd do
pretty well to talk to a mob." U
KLINGLER fbefore visit to fortune-teller'sj-"Say, do you know, I don't
believe in fortune-telling one bit."
fLater, after being told about the light-haired girl and the dark-haired
girl who were fighting for him, and how he was a crafty fellow et ceteraj,
"Well it's strange how close she did hit things. "
FERGUSON, Qexamining Wyckoff's designs for departmentsj "What an
inappropriate idea, having those books in the Law Department cut! "
WYCKOFI7-"Th2lt,S all right. Don't you see the dust on them P"
HUTCHINGS-"S3!ll6l1OW I always get called on for what I don't know."
PROF. WAGNER-" Mr. Stern, how would you go to work to find out how
many pounds of coal per hour a certain chimney would burn?" I
STERN-" I- - - In - - I'd hire somebody that knew how to do it."ft
HUDDY Qin Constitutional Historyj-"Mr, Lindley, who is the chief
officer of the Household ?"
LINDLEY-"Eh-eh-the Lord High Chamberlain."
SPITZLEY-"PlCZ1SS excuse me from recitation, I burned my hair last
PAT--" My advice to you would be that you do not use such a hot iron
DYKEMA fin S. C. A. service. Attendance thirteen women and one many
-"Sing Hymn No. IS." Male chorus sings-"Yet there is room."
PROF. M. E. COOLEY Qdescribing a boiler explosionj--"The pressure
being relieved, the water was instantly converted into a boiling mass-just
like that stuff you take mornings for headache, what is that stuff, anyway P'
HAYES Qexplosivelyj-" Oh! Professor, I know-bromo-seltzer."
'7Vl'his grind was first lmnclecl in by Mr. Stern without mentioning any name. Aflcrwnrdsit
was hanfled in as it appears almve.j r
- Two Brilliant Youtbs.
LYMAN Qat the close of an Alpha Nu programj-" Ladies and gentlemen,
I am not on the program, but I want to make a speech. I think it would be
more pleasant if some other gentleman besides myself would see that the
ladies had a way to get here. I can't very well call at more than three places
the same evening." '
RUBIN+"IlfIf. President, I rise for information. If the President will
inform us how to tackle the girls, we will bring them up."
LYMAN-"A motion to adjourn is in order. "
KELLOGG Qtaking up the gavel of authority in the 'QS Independent
Caucusj-"I suppose the lirst matter of importance is the choosing of a pre-
siding officer for this meeting."
BUSH-"I move that Mr. Kellogg act as chairman."
KELLOGG--"I will put the motion. All in favor say 'aye.' "
A chorus of ayes responds.
KELLOGG--"Carriedg very goodg very good. Now for business."
"Oh, miracle of women! " said the book.
Oh, noble heart who being straight besieged
By seven Frats dared slay them with a look.
FIRST SENIOR--"I'VC got a grind on Hoyt."
SECOND SENIOR-"'Illl2lt'S nothing new. If you follow that fellow around
a while you can get anything you want."
MR. DAWSON Qin paragraph writingj-"No, Gen. Grant couldn't have
coined that expression during the war. I remember hearing it used when I
was a small boy."
J. B. Bnooks Qafter the manifestation of a strong desire to say some-
thingj-"Yes, Professor, your conclusion is correct. Ican remember hear-
ing the expression when I was a small boy, too."
PROF. I-IINSDALE Qlecturing in Pedagogyj-H But While this is sometimes
true, the reverse is more common and genius often 'runs in the family,' so to
speak, and -"
FELGER Qimpatientlyj--"Oh, Professor, I know three out of one family
who took fellowships from the University of Chicago, and all from my town,
PHOTOCRAPHER-Qexhibiting samplesj-" Now that's a fine picture.
That's Lyman, President of the Senior Club."
J. L. VVASHBURN, ,QS pharmic-"Peter, there's a letter down at the room
P. VV. DYIiEMA Q"Grand Rapids Dutchman"j--''A-h-h-h, indeed! Well,
I must hurry h-- Oh, Johnnie, who is it from
VVASHBURN-' ' Guess. "
DYKEMA-"VVag11er 8 Co. No? Goodspeed Sc Co. No? Well, then,
I'll just bet my bottom dollar it's from my little Dutch girl."
WASHBURN-"No you don't. It's from A. L. Noble."
And anarchy reigned supreme between Peter and Johnnie.
Prexy Org Q Bust.
A Dialogue in Two Flcts.
RICHARD RUSTLE LYMAN, Ruler of the ,95's.
JAMES O'R1N1s MURITIN, Chief Assistant.
A Number of Assorted '95's-Male and Female.
SCENE, Chapel. Tfuze, 4j1. 111. Lyman z'1z tha' Ckzzir.
LYMAN-"TlllS meeting has been called to decide what monument ,QS
shall leave behind it. Several things have been suggested, Chief among which
are a scholarship and a bust of Prexy. Now in regard to this latter, I Wish
to say that this is Prexy's twenty-fifth anniversary in the University, and we
Want to celebrate that in some way. VVhat Could be more fitting than for
the class of '95 to give a bust of Prexy on this great occasion ? Now I should
like a free discussion of the matter, but I think that as this is the only class
which can graduate on Prexy's twenty-fifth anniversary, we ought to give the
MURFIN-"Mf. President, Iwish to say that I am heartily in favor of
giving the bust. We certainly must do something in honor of this anniver-
sary, and we ought to give the bust, or we shall not be in it at all. Now,
what could be more fitting than for the class which graduates on this memor-
able year to give a bust? Any other class can give the scholarship just as
well as we, but there will be no other class of ,QS and no other twenty-fifth
anniversary. Therefore, I move that we give a bust."
LYMAN-"NOW I heartily agree V with Mr. Mtlfllll. There can be no
other class of YQS, and no other twenty-fifth anniversary 1. "
MISS KIEVE-"For my part, I can't see any special point to the twenty-
fifth anniversary. I don't see why the bust couldn't be given on the twenty-
fourth or the twenty-sixth as well as on the twenty-fifth, and I think the uni-
versity needs the scholarshipfl
MUIIFIN-"YES, but anyone can give a scholarship, while this is the only
class which can graduate on the twenty-fifth anniversary, and this is the only
class that can so appropriately give a bust of Prexy."
LYMAN--" Now I don't want to influence the class in its decision, but I
heartily agree with Mr. Muriin. There can be no other class of F95 and no
other twenty-fifth anniversary, so I think we ought to give the bust."
Buoolis-"I move we get the bust."
Motion is carried and the president appoints Murfin chairman of the bust
committee. Meeting adjourns.
SCENE, Same. Tifzzc, Iwo zvcuks Jafar. Sam: Ck1z1'zzftc1's.
LYMAN-" The bust committee will please report."
NIURFIN Qmeelclyj-"W'ell, the committee in its investigation discovered
that this is not the twenty-jiflh anniversary, but the twenty-fam-tk for Prexy,
and as the arguments for the bust seemed to depend mostly upon that fact,
we thought best to report our information to the class." QOppressive silence,
during which Lyman and Murlin disappear in meditationj.
MIJRIFIN Qwith a sudden inspirationj-" But as Miss Kieve said, why
eouldn't we give the bust on the twenty-fourth anniversary just as well as on
the twenty-fifth ?"
BROOKS--"lVll'. President, in view of the facts just established, it seems
to make no material difference whether we give this memorial on one anni-
versary or on another. It seems to me eminently proper that this, the class
of '95, should leave a lasting remembrance of its presence. Therefore I move
that We give the bust anyway. "
This being seconded by Muffin, and all opposition stifled, the motion is
carried, and Lyman then 'causes the meeting to be adjourned.--li.E.1-mmf
Omrzcs. Chapel Doors Closej
The wild man from Wisconsin is coming this way-
Beware! oh, beware!
'l'here's dust and disorder in all his array,
And a friz in his hair.
He'd fain run the whole of this great 'Varsity
By power of lung.
Oh, a lordly and lunky debater is he,
With tireless tongue.
And we think that this marvellous man of the West,
With his eloquent rage,
Would be far 'mong museum attractions the best
V If kept in a cage.
NO, HAL SMITH, you needn't be afraid. We weren't giving any grinds
-Q . K W
All the same howe'er you fixg
Upside-down or wrong-end-to
Makes no difference to you.
In your yell all tongues you mix,
Crazy botchwork, ' Ninety-Six.
PRES. ANGELL Qin International Lawj-"Mr. Parker, you may tell us
how the rebels were restored to full rights of citizenship after the close of the
civil War." u
PARKER '96-H By animosity proclamationsf' I
SNOVER '96 is sent to the board to Write equations, and puts them in
ZIWET Qin disgustj--"That's not the Way to write equations. China-
men write like that."
MISS LANGDON fat the end of an hour's argumentj--"I am afraid I
shall have to give up. The facts are against me."
DR. LILLIE fpleasantlyj-"I didn't know that you would let such a little
thing as a fact stand in your way."
HILDNEIZ Qin German prose compositionj--"Mr. Smith, you may write
on the board, 'Es War ein alter Koenigf
"Mr, Brown, 'Ueber allen Gipfeln ist Ruh.'
"Miss Nowlen, 'Du bist wie eine Blumef "
Miss Nowlen blushes and the class smiles.
SXVAN '96---The only thiug that I have regretted during my college life is
that I failed to attend the "Sam T. jack's 'Creolesf "
SADLER '96-"Say, Burgan,what are bloomers?"
BURGAN '95-"They are loose tights, worn by girls."
"DOG,'-HOUSE Ctranslating in Frenchj-"Le devidage est fait par les
femmes-The winding is done on frames."
KIRTLAND '96-" Mr. McLouth, I couldn't find this Word 'Faustbuch' in
my dictionary. The only meaning Icould make out was 'fist-book.' Does
that mean hand-book P"
MISS BARRETTE, who naturally becomes "attached" to umbrellas, car-
ries an unusually handsome one to quiz.
Q EHRMAN '96--"Beg pardon, but that is my chum's Sunday umbrella. "
EHRMAN '96, crack student of Old English, who knows "something or
nothing, " pronounces GNIHTEMOS O11 GNIHTON and says: "That is an ancient
TUTTLE fin Great Oratorsj-"It is my firm belief that Beaconsfield was
a slanderer. See how he slandered Pitt, and after Pitt had done so much for
him." fPitt died I806-Beaconsfield born 1804.1
MISS KEMPF Qwho has ,taken Freshmen and Sophomore Bible at Welles-
ley, reading in Faustj--
"Erleuchtet nicht zu diesem Feste
Herr Mammon praechtig den Palast?"
Thoughtfully, "Mammon-Mammon-Oh yes, that was what the Chil-
dren of Israel ate in the wilderness."
MR. DIXON-"What is money, Mr. Spear?"
MR. S. Qafter deep thoughtj-"Money is that which satisfies our wants."
HOYT--"DOH,t the first quarter of the boiler need to be thicker than the
rest of it?"
WAGNER-"Thiclcer? Why, you don't mean that the iron does any
work, do you ?"
HOYT--"It might, in a molecular way. A way in which Idon't know
anything about but somebody else does."
SNOVER fat the table, desperatelyj-"Give me anything so long as it's
PIE ! u
ANDY MAC--"Mr, Simons, why is a man born before the annexation of
Texas not a native born citizen?"
MR. SIMONS-HBGCHLISC a man is born at the time of his birth."
PROF. REED--"To what class of levers do sugar tongs belong?"
MR. BOYNTON--"LCt,S see . . . eh . . . are sugar tongs any-
thing like ice tongs?"
S. W. SMITH-
"Seizing, like ShI'l'ff1l', on the poet's lyre,
With all his rage, but not one spark of href,
fThe word "Helicon" occurs in the Latin text.j I
MR. MISADEIZ--" Miss Farnsworth, what is 'Helicon' P"
Miss FARNSWORTI-I--"A kind of poetry, I think." '
MR. M.-"Well, Miss Boice, what do you think about it ?"
Miss BOICE--"I think it's a kind of medicine."
PROF. REED--" Mr. Simonds, how many centimeters in a meter?"
PROF. R.--"How many cents in a dollar ? "
MR. LEVI--"Ah, one must be a little versed in the language of love to
understand that line. Can't you explain it to us, Miss Divine?"
"Dreaming of greatness that he never had,
Half wit, half fool, half genius and half mad."
MARIiUS --"Oh dear, have I got to take my math. to Markley? Isn't
there another section ?"
The following is a copy of a postal card held in the office for want of
A. A. Nov. 14, 94.
Deardad Busted! have got to pull yourleg again. send before Sat. good
profs 81 tutes I6 hours no snap. Great funiguying Freshies--They're awful
green Jake is rushing a Hen medic. Frat is O K this year What did you
think of my Moustaeh by flashlight, photo. Tell ma to write in haste.
C. H. F. 97.
Am having new dress suit made,
MISS HARRIS ftranslating from Jules Vernej--"Mr. Phileas Fogg, after
placing his right foot before his left foot tive hundred and svwlzfyfw' times,
and his left foot before his right five hundred and sz'.v!y-sz'.r times, arrived at
PROF. HEMPL--"MY, Bartlett, where have you lived P"
YOUNG BARTLETT--"SEVEN years in Massachusetts, seven year n Ver-
mont, seven years in New Hampshire, and .... "
PROF. H.--"Well, where have you lived longest ?"
B.-"I hardly know--I have lived so scatterin'.'l
PROF. HEMPI., after asking several young ladies how they pronounced
the word "mop," breaches the question to Miss Hunter and receives the fol-
lowing information: "I really don't know anything about such words, Pro-
fessor, I was not brought up in the countryfl Universal surprise.
A FRIEND fto Miss Walters, at home for Christmasj--"What is that pin
you have on P"
MISS W.--"Oh, that? '1'hat's my society ping-the latest thing out---the
Tri Delts--three D's--Delta, you know, is the Greek letter for D. It's a very
swell society, you know. "4 .
Mlss HINCKLEY ftranslating Old Englishj--"For the cow conducteth
herself decorously, like a Senior."
VERNOli Qgoes up to Secretry Wade and deposits fifteen cents on the
counterj--"A calendar, please. Is that enough to pay for it P"
GILLET '97 fcalling on Miss Salzburg '98, Feb. zzj-'-That'S gi real
Freshy's trick to study German on Washington's Birthday."
MISS S.-"Well, I haven't anything else to do. "
Tbe Revenge of the Slighted.
It was a very cold night. Not ordinarily cold, but colder than the cool-
ness between an independent and a newly elected fraternity man. It was
very cold. There were several accidents that night. One medical Prof.
meeting another, greeted him with a cold stare. A frat man passing an inde-
pendent meeting was frozen stiff. 'Even the courses in the Law Department
Stiffened up over night.
Harrison, the assistant managing editor of the DlIZ.lj', sat in the office
talking to Levy, the assistant business manager. Levy was a law, so was
Harrison. They were resting. It was a very cold night --so cold that very
few of the editors had shown up at the office with their copy. Coleman, the
managing editor, and LeRoy, the athletic editor, had been down earlier in
the evening, but had left little news. There had been very little going on.
The athletes were hard at work getting off conditions, and no one had been
hurt in the Gym for two days. So the usual reserve editorial on the "School
of Music" and "Base Ball Prospects" were all that had been forthcoming.
When they were gone Harrison set to work. There was a paper to come out
the next day, that was evident, but where the copy was to come from the
devil himself could -not tell. The first thing was to measure up, I2O inches
of space to fill. An account of stock: time-copy, an article on the Harvard
Annex, 7 inches, LeRoy and Coleman's articles, I6 inches--97 inches of
space to fill. But Harrison was not discouraged. He was a law and a news-
paper man. The campus was slowly evolved--some twenty items of general
interest, the S. C. A. were doing this and the Oratorical Association that,
the co-eds held a meeting here and the Choral Union were going to have a
social there. Next the files were visited and an inter-collegiate column
quickly made up, Then a pause, an inspiration and a communication from a
"Constant Reader" on the Medical Department. This of course called forth
a lengthy editorial rebuttal ffor all communications must be rebuttedj. Then
some old notes were brought to light andla leader on "The Museum" was
the result, some new advertising matter was to go in, said Levy Qthat would
helpj, and a report on the concert to be in by morning would fill upg and so
by I2 o'clock all was ready and Harrison was resting. But not for long.
A quiz in Stephen on Pleading flashed before the minds of the editors, a book
was discovered under a file of papers, and for two hours nothing was heard
but "pleas" and "demurrers," "aforesaids," " whereases" and "to-wits." By
2:30 all was done, silenceg and Levy spoke up: " I've got an idea! " "W1'ite
it up and put it in the D1zz'01," said Harrison. "Nope, it's too good for
that," said Levy, "it's a joke--ha! ha! ha l--on C-coleman and LeRoy.
They would leave us tonight all alone, would they? Say, did you know --"
Levy looked around and whispered something. Ten minutes later two lonely
figures, shivering with the cold, were hurrying toward the Campus. On the
way they separated, Levy continuing alone past the Psi U house and finally
stopping before a building as dark as the street itself,
LeRoy was dreaming of a 20-foot jump, when there was a rattling as
of a stone against his window. Again he heard it, and a voice from without
calling: "LeRoy! Oh, Isay, LeRoy--get up-open up. It's me--Levy-
let me in. 'Hurry up, I'm freezing out here." LeRoy, wondering and half
asleep, threw down the key, and in another moment Levy was in his room.
"Well, what's up? What in thunder do you mean by calling a man out at
this time of the night?,' "Oh, LeRoy, wait. Have you heard the news?
Prexy's dead!" UNO!" said LeRoy, looking up pale and scared, "nog you
don't mea11 it! By jove, we'll have to get out an extra." "Yes, that's it,"
said Levy, "that's what I came up for. VVhere's Coleman ?"
They went into Coleman's room. He, too, had been dreaming-dream-
ing of the time when credit would be given for work done on the paper. He
thought that an angel appeared to him and said: "Be not discouraged. What
if the University does give two hours in English to freshmen for two hours
play? What if you do work for the interests of the University twenty or
thirty hours a week, and work ten times as much as any student ? You will
receive your reward in heaven." He reached out his arms toward the angel
and woke up. LeRoy had pinched him. "Wake up, Coleman- bad news--
come, wake up, man-Prexy's dead." " No! XVhat are you giving' us ?" said
Coleman. "Yes-Levy will tell you--isn't he?" Levy was crying softly.
"Oh, it is too true," he wailed. "Oh, Coleman, he was like a father to us
all!" Coleman began to ery. "Don't,l' said LeRoy. "Get up and dress.
We've got to get out an'extra.l' "By George, Ididn't think of that," and
Coleman hurried on his clothes "VVho's got a biography? '1'here's one at
the office. Where's Pearl?" "Harrison's gone after him," said Levy.
"VVell, let's see-you, Levy, go and interview the family. I'll go down to
the office and write the editorial of my lifef' They were in the street now
and met Pearl and Harrison hurrying along. Pearl was excited, "Say,
Prexy's dead-dead-ain't it awful,-sudden-don't know what. Oh, won't
we scoop the other papers?--extra edition before breakfast---live thousand
copies-let's see-a cool one hundred dollars. Oh, my eye! I say, that'll he
an ad. for ns! Yes, I've got a cut of him in my pocket-half tone-,double
column-black rule." "Pearl," said Coleman, "go and see Dr. Vaughan--
what he died of-full report-hurry!" Five minutes later Dr. Vaughan, in
response to a violent ring, stuck his head out of the window. "Wh0'5
there?" "Me," said Pearl. "Who are you?" HJ. S. Pearl, business
manager of the U. ofJI7.Dfzz'0f,"Qtl1is alittle proudlyj. "Well, what in thun-
der do you want?" "Oh, Doctor, how did it happen?" asked Pearl.
"What happen-what do you want? Hurry upg I can't freeze." "Didn't
you attend him P" said Pearl. "Prexy-how long has he been dead? Say,
Doctor, how many copies do you want P " "Who's dead P" asked the Doctor,
alarmed.. "Prexy, Prexyg you know, you waited on him.'l "My God! can
this be true? When did you learn this?" Then explanations, and the truth
began to dawn.
The gray was streaking the sky when three tired and cold figures met at
the office. "Sold,,' said one. "Sold," said all. "Oh, if this ever gets
out." And that day they tlunked.
The U. of M. Daily.
' .... No malice here is writ:
"l'is innocent of all things,-chiefly of wit."
FIRST TRI DELT--"I think 'Ships That Pass inthe Night' such a lovely
SECOND TRI DEIJ1' fliliss Loxleyj--"Is it all about ships P"
FIRST TRL DELT Qsurprised at second's ignoranceji--"Yes, it's a nautical
Miss LOXLEY fshockedl--"Oh! I don't read naughty stories."
FREsHMAN in entrance exam. in History. Question: "Who was Alex-
ander the Great P" Ans.: "Zar of Russia, the father of his country. "
E. B. BAKER fin Freshman Germanj--"Einsame Waldblumen--lone-
some wall-flowers." l
FRESH LIT Qwho has been instructed by a juniorj-"Say, is it so that
an idiot can enter the Law Department?"
SENIOR LAW--"Yes, I think you can get in."
" Chum Wanted.
For next semester. Must be literary girl and not foo large. Call on or
before Sat. Miss NELsoN,
125 S. University Av."
MISS BOND '98--'tl do not consider it essential to the soul's salvation to
believe that Jonah swallowed the whale."
TREADWAY '98--"Say, boys, where are some of those co-eds we hear so
much about ?"
BOYS--"VVhy, those girls we just passed are co-eds."
TREADWAY--"Why, I thought they all wore those short dresses."
PALMER. Poo-Bah of Freshman Glee Club tto Phi Delt, who has just
spoken Of Alpha Phi'sj-"Is your chum an Alpha Phi?"
Q-IUNIOR SOCIAL. Waterman and Ewing call for their ladies. Water-
man gets Miss Bell, who enters carriage and sits plump on Ewing's lap.j
EWING- " Er-er-you're on my lap."
MISS BELL--"I beg your pardon, I thought I sat on a blanket."
ROMANZO ADAMS, ,QS lit fthe first time he ever saw a sweatery-"Oh,
Lautner,where did you get that shirt?"
. Laws and Medics.
HUHER, law '96-"But, according to law,- they can't fence swines
PRES. ANGELI. arrives at the U. of M. Daily Office and requests an
interview with the Managing Editor.
-I. S. PEARL, law '95, shouting up the stairway--"Coleman, I say,
there's a fellow down here wants to speak to you."
BARR, ,QS law-"Would that people knew my worth."
PROF'S WIFE fas Smith and Villa pass from football practicej-" Well!
I thought this was a university. I didn't know it was a dime museum."
HUGHES, '96 law Qin Blackstonej-"Now this case, Professor, which
perhaps you have never read--"
JERRY-"I read cases Once in a while. That is sufficient."
SALISBURY, '96 law-"A continuous easement is one that continues, and
a discontinuous easement is one that stops."
PROF. KIRCHNER- " Mr. Robinson, what is the origin of dowel-P"
ROBINSON, '96 law fwith emphasisj--"The origin of dower is Obscure."
PROF. ANGELI.-"By testator, I mean one who makes a will. I explain
this as I have found but few law students who know what I mean by that
STRUCKMEYER--"PI'OfCSSO1', what is meant by consummation?"
PROP. K1RcI1N1iR--"VVcll, I am always ready to answer any sensible
question, but I take it for granted that students are acquainted with the
ordinary words of the English language."
TRAVIS, P. G. Qin Constitutional Law classj-"The senate is elected by
--by the people."
J. B. BROOKS, V95 law-"My experience in coming from the Literary
Department to the Law Department seems like a transition from among a
crowd of boys to a set of sturdy, business-like men."
INGERSOLL, '95 law-"Now in truth am I a mang I have learned to
DR. VAUGHAN Qto Davis, '96 medic, in Hygiene Quizj--"Mr, Davis,
what classification of drinking water have we?"
MR. D.-"Good and. bad."
DR. V.--"Any other classification ?"
MR. D.--"Eh- bad and good",
TRUEBLOOD Qlectnre on Chathamln- " His character was irreproachablef'
J. LAVV fin exam J-"His character was impeachable and much to be
PROF. ANGELI. fin general quiz on Domestic Relationsj-" Supposing a
servant should be taken seriously ill, how would that affect the relation of
master and servant P"
KOEHLER, '95 law-"Give him a lay-off."
REl5cE,' Q5 law fchallenging the juryj-"Have you ever or do you now
room or board with the defendant in this case?"
REECE--H Have you ever or do you now room or board with the deceased
in this case ?"
JURY have a reasonable doubt.
INGRAHAM--" Beware the fury of a patient man."
ON fpresiding at Junior Law orzitorieal contestj---"I will in-non
trocluce the next speaker."
Of all sad things, the saddest is this:
Those Junior Laws keep calling me "sis."
WILLIAM Tunolz APMADOC-
'I um monarch of all I survey,
My height there is none to dispute,
1,111 a 14521111311 Kigf' like Brother Long,
And like hiin, IllllCll month I can shoot.
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--- liefiijifggi, L f' i"l'dfilM
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Rnd when all is over with,
Lirydley will go on his horyeymo
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A A-.v-'f' ,
1-u' 1. -A
Takes Great Pleasure in Introducing
its Advertisers as being Very Worthy
v of Your Pcitronoge.
THE cl.Ass OF '95,
Inez Louise Abbott, .
Frank DeForest Adams,
Sadie Marie Alley, .
Louis Warner Anderson,
William Holmes Anderson,
Robert Oliver Austin,
William Merville Austin,
Anna Bailey, . .
Charles Baird, .
Florence Emma Barnard,
Abby Louise Barney,
William Guy Bauer, .
Frank Ambrose Beach,
Ira Alanson Beddow, .
John Adam Bendinger,
Mary Ella Bennett, .
Elise Chenault Bennett,
Alice Biester, . .
William Gray Billings,
August Blaess, .
Edmond Block, .
Arthur Collier Bloomlield,
Philip Daggett Bonrland,
Joseph Brenneman, -Ir.,
Frank Briscoe, .
John Bert Brooks,
Ella May Bullard,
Abraham Lincoln Bnrgan,
Platt Richard Bush,
. Ann Arbor
. . Albion
Canandiagua, N. Y.
. Ann Arbor
. Battle Creek
Saginaw, W. S.
. Ann Arbor
Medina, N. Y.
. Ann Arbor
. Chicago, Ill.
. Ann Arbor
. - jackson
Geneva N. Y.
Saginaw, E. S.
VVilliam Richard Caldwell,
Charles Cisco Campbell,
Charles Knapp Carpenter,
George Edward Carroll,
Wallace VViley Chickering, ' . . .
. Leiters, Ind.
Addison Clark, jr., A. 19. Aa'1z',Rnu Uuz'wrsz'ly, Thorpe Spring, Texas.
Pearle Leone Colby, .
Mabel Colton, .
John C, Condon, .
Lettie Lenore Conover,
Charles Henry Conrad,
Samuel Richard Cook,
john Corbin, jr., .
Charles Herbert Covell,
Howard Malcom Cox,
George Alfred Damon,
Herbert Allan Dancer, I
Francis Potter Daniels,
VVillia1n Eli Davis,
Calvin Olin Davis,
Nina May Doty, .
Myron LaFayette Downs,
James Horace Dunbar,
Miriam Dunbar, .
Charles Henry Duncan,
Annie Dunster, .
john Henry Dye, . '
Peter Willianm Dykema,
Lucy Nash Eames,
Thomas Henry Ferguson,
Charles Morton Eddy,
Lena Elizabeth Faulds,
Alva Howard Felger,
Kenneth Chauncey Fitch,
. Ann Arbor
New Harmony, Ind.
. V VVest Bay City
' . Ann Arbor
. Bay City
South Bend, Ind.
. Ann Arbor
. Ann Arbor
. Grand Rapids
. Ann Arbor
Saginaw, W. S.
, A N- - A
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Messrs. Wright. Kay N Collmpally. are equally so ln
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SOCIETY BA DG ES,
In-ing now ruled as the largest Nl:xmll':u-lurcrs nl' tht-sc
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Selection packages sent on approval through your Chapter.
WRIGHT, KAY 62. Ce.,
JEWELERS c10dlMPORTERS of
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IZLO and 142 Woodward Awe., DETROIT, MICH
THE WBSTO l,llB0liflT0liY STllNDFlliD
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UT BUNKER HILL' " A Brilliant Student.
For every day's use. , ,
F B05TON BOND, llead of the class, perfect recitations and ex-
F0f f0l'9iEH COFFCSPOHUENCG- nminntions, envied by all. To attain such honor
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If ygu are unable to find these papers readily Send us lets quickly and permanently increase the mem-
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SAMUEL WARD COMPANY, MEMORY TABLET Col'
49 Ann 51 FRANKLIN s'r.. - BOSTON, MASS. .114 sth Ave.. N- Y.
Mary Eva Foley, .
Charles Woodworth Foster,
Walter Carver Fritz, .
Stuart Eugene Galbraith,
Henry Bennett Gammon,
Eugene Horace Garnet, .
Abigail Stuart Gaudern,
Harvey Gould Gilkerson, . .
Charles Robert Gillis, .
Lina Kate Gjems, .
Marie Louise Goodman,
Louis Janes Goodyear,
Charles Henry Gray, .
Annie Morris Goshen,
Charles Henry Gray, .
Edwin Gray, .
Albert Emerson Greene,
Edna Ernest Grimes,
R. Prosper Gustin, V.
George Depue Hadzsits,
Irma Hadzsits, .
Netta Wilhelmina Haffner,
Frank Hamsher, .
james Sumner Handy,
Louise Mather Harris, .
Edith Achsah Hartshorn, .
Alexander Michael Haubrich
Ralph Waldo Emerson Hayes,
William Albert Heartt,
Elizabeth C. Hench,
Lina Hesse, .
Eliza M. Hill, .
Bertha Katherine Hine,
Mildred Turner Hinsdale,
Herman Franklin Hock,
Josiah Edwin Hickman,
. Chicago, Ill.
. Creston, Ill.
. Pioneer, Ohio
. Ann Arbor
West Port, Mo.
. Chicago, Ill.
Lafayette Hill, Pa.
. Chicago, Ill.
' Bay City
. Decatur, Ill.
ouR HIM IS TO "SUIT" You.
A FEW POlNTERS'? II
Just to show what
Iflaoe to olilier. Impossible to give
more than a general idea. Call
and gou will appreciate our Stock.
za sovdrzzc MAIN,
ANN' ARBOR, MIC
G. H. WILD, I
I-los received his
entire line of Imported
cmd Domestic Suitiogs, Trous-
erings, ond Overcootings for spring
and summer '95, and can show
the largest assortment of
Woolerys in the city.
FULL DRESS SUITS
A SPECIALTY, AT
No. 2 E. WASHINGTON ST.,
,III Suits for Business,
Suits for Dress,
IQI , Trousers,
I I Hats,
' 'III Neckwear,
, , ,,
'Q 'M G Ioves
N, I Ti
H- ,IH Hosiery, lite.
52 S. Main and 4- W. Liberty Sts.
Cabinet and Upholstery work
to order our great specialty.
Ninah May Holden,
Bessie Lee Hopkins, .
Bryson Dexter Horton,
Minnie Pearl Howell, .
John Hulst, .
Alfred Hatch Hunt, .
Frederick Charles Irwin,
Harriet Eliza Ives, .
Clarence Thomas Johnson,
Lynn Myrton Johnston,
Benjamin Franklin Kastl,
George Cady Keech, .
Henry Ralph Kellogg,
Nell Kempf, .
Lucia Kieve, .
Byron Claudius Kimes,
Julia Kimlin, .
Horace Williams King,
Wilson Klingler, '.
Mark Stevens Knapp, .
Harry Valentine Knight,
Clarence Haskell Lander,
Claude Sheldon Larzelere,
Geo. King Lawton, .
George Edward Lautner,
David LeFavour, .
Herman Burr Leonard,
Otto Edward Lessing, .
John Sedgwick Lewis, jr.,
Walter Ferguson Lewis,
Michigan City, Ind.
. . Flint
. Cheyenne, Wyo.
A . Ann Arbor
. Marion, Kansas
. Ann Arbor
A Quincy, Ill.
. Big Rapids
. Manhattan, Ill.
. Rockford, Ill.
. Bay City
' - Detroit
Erasmus Christopher Lindley, . . Detroit
Jacob Lingard Lorie, . . Kansas City, Mo.
Linley Grant Long, C - ' Quaker City, Ohio
Richard Roswell Lyman, TOOQIQ, Utah
Alice Elizabeth Lynch, Detroit
Henry Laurence Lyster,
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LAKE AND HALSTED bTb.
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DETROIT LOD ANUELOD
Allen Campbell MacDonald,
Nellie Josephine Malarkey,
james Halsey Mallory, Jr.,
Charles Edward Marshall,
Thomas Knight Mathewson,
Emma Gennette McAllaster,
Ina McBurney, .
Walter Gill McCullough, .
Clara May McOmber, .
William Julius Melchers, .
David Franklin Mertz,
Edna Mettler, .
Harry DeYoe Mills,
Cascie Rich Montague,
Charles Hosmer Morse, jr.,
Albert Charles Muma,
james Orin Muriin,
Miron Williams Neal,
Helen Nelles, . .
Charles Chesterfield Nicola,
john Francis Nichols, .
Albert Nicholson, . ,
Harry Thomas Nightingale,
Charlotte Genevieve Noble,
Sarah Genevieve O'Brien,
Alfred Berthier Olsen, .
Martha Elizabeth Orr,
Martha Dralse Owen,
Majorie Rebecca Paine,
james Willis Parker, .
Marian Sara Parker,
Phoebe Parker, .
Albert Andrew Passolt,
Clarence Herbert Perry,
Clayton Amos Peters,
. Black River
. Fredonia, N. Y.
. Ann Arbor
. Ann Arbor
. Saginaw, E. S.
Burnett's Creek, Ind.
. Creston, Ill.
. Traverse City
. Ann Arbor
. Bay City
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Rice Lake, Wis.
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. Grand Blanc
. Saginaw, E. S.
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DOUBLE SHEAR STEEL,
nsnausnen A clwrunv Aco.
MANUFACTORY, SHEFFIELD, ENG.
WM. JESSOP 6: SONS. Ltd.
Ol John St., New York. W. F. WAGNER. Manager.
The New Clippers
for '95 have new and practical features, which
are of more practical value than any we have
yet seen. Our well known high frames are
attracting attention again this season, even
more than last year. Our "Swell" bicycle
fClippe1' Light Roaclsterj weighs 20 to 22 pounds
has a frame 26 in deep, large tubing, wheel base
43 inches and is up to date in every detail.
GRAND RAPIDS CYCLE CO..
Catalogue on application. GRAND RAPIDS, MICH
George Wilcox Peavy,
Charlotta Emma Pope,
Myra McPherson Post,
Anthony Pratt, .
Richard Rider Putnam,
John Jay Ratcliffe,
James Calvin Reed, .
Elizabeth Sorge Rebec,
Cora Frances Reilly, .
Ann Loomis Richards,
Frederick Boyd Richardson,
Menz Israel Rosenbaum,
Seth Erastus Roberts, .
Effie Lois Roberts,
William Benjamin Rubin,
Jessie Fremont Ruby,
George Bagg Russel, .
May Cecil Ryan, .
Fannie Ellis Sabin,
Wilbur George Salter,
Esther Lakin Sanborn,
William Shaake, .
James Herbert Scott, .
Emmet Scott, .
Frederick Lyle Searing, I
Allen Seney, .
Harry Simons, .
Samuel Benton Shiley,
George Richard Slater,
Henry Horace Smith,
Oliver Lyman Spaulding,
Philip Bennett Spear,
Franklin Bennett Spear, jr
William Albert Spitzley,
Saginaw, E. S.
. Tuscola, Ill.
. Ann Arbor
. Chicago, Ill.
. Ann Arbor
. . Coldwater
. Union City, Ind.
. Ann Arbor
. Hinsdale, Ill.
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VVest Roxbury, Mass.
St. Louis, Mo.
St. Louis, Mo.
. Chicago, Ill.
. Ann Arbor
St. Paul, Minn.
PULLMAN PALACE AND
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C. A. HIGGINS, Monadnock Building, Chicago.
T E Established ln l884. Poaltlons Fllled, 3706:
co - O P E R I V E 8034 Woodlawn Av., - GHIGA O.
ASSO C I ATI O N 'mxlilffif335.fiB.lIi?.'.lIZ.f.'f2?.f,lZ0,ff.iiil.?.f.7. A""""""
RATES 51.00 WTR- J. GEORGE BRAUN,
'ro s1.so PER DAY. N . 1 M 1 Proprietor.
l6and z8West Lake St. PETOSKEY-'
Two Blocks from Depot and Steamboat Landing. P MICHIGA N ,
VICTOR O CYCLI-.iigm
If you are going to ride why not ride the BEST? VICTORS
are best. Eight models to choose from for 1895. Five
U different heights of frame. A large stock of Bicycles, all u
kinds and prices. Bicycle Sundries and Supplies. Victor
Sporting and Athletic Goods.
M. STAEBLEFPS CYCLE EMPORIUNI,
E. W. STAEBLER. Manager. Il West Washington Street, Ann Arbor, l'IIch.
Lester Albert Stanley, '
Isaac Stern. .
Edward Marsh St. john,
Grace Delafield Sturges,
James Marcus Swift,
Wellington Clute Tate,
Wade Warren Thayer,
Herman Pennock Thomas,
Orrin Edward Tiffany, v
Nelson john Tubbs, .
Frank Foster Van Tuyl,
john Walter Verdier, .
Ella Louise Wagner,
Cassius Edward Wakefield,
Alba Emanuel Watson,
Alice Emily Wadsworth,
Edmond Chester VVeeks,
Stewart Edward White,
VVilliam Marion Whitten,
Etta Rhoda Wilbur, .
George Bingham Willcox,
Vance Patterson Wilkins,
Frederick Hosler Willits,
Charles Louis Wolf, .
james Rupert Wolfenden,
Laura Bayne Woodruff,
Jennie E. Work, .
Homer Wilson VVyckoff,
- Ann Arbor
Oak Park, Ill.
. Ann Arbor
Fall River, Mass.
. Ann Arbor
Fort Wayne, Ind.
. Grand Rapids
. Ann Arbor,
. Chicago, Ill.
. Grand Rapids
South Bend, Ind.
. Bay City
New Orleans, La.
Michigan City, Ind.
. . Sharon
. Ann Arbor
- . Detroit
lm r 'wg
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ROYAL CYCLE WORKS
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Geeesrssa BRQS.. Q
I7 SOUTH M-HIN ST.
flIIIIIIIIIYIIXXLXXIIXXIXIXIIIIJIIXXXIXIIXLIIIXXIXXIXIIXXIIXXXLI U l!IlUIXXXlHXXHT!
CQHSINS CUT FLOWERS
SY. J' AND FLORAL
Wk ' .
ci MALL, DESIGNS A
Gl'nwe1's nl' all kinds ol' Ir SPECIALTY'
House ancl Bedding Plants.
All orders by mail or telegrupli will receive prompt attention.
26 to 28 South University Avenue, ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN.
T l lloxe I mtcflon .
'There ere Others" f:j:S82RH5f3a.lt.D'
But none so good as
GooDYEAR's DRUG STORE.
s. We 'H CW . . .
g U L-g F1110 Tennis Goods tor l895. Base Balls, Galilee
5 and Sports.
E Q We are now prepared to offer the largest as-
' Q sortment in the city.
' Q We are agents for A. G. Spaulding Sr Bros.,
fll In and Wright dz Ditson's Goods.
fit. 1 We Sell Base Balls, Lawn Tennis Rackets, Foot
'ml OZ 161,56 Baflls, Crozriuelts, Gymnasium Outfits, Boxing Gloves
'fl . . A Ati etic ot ing, etc.
56'iD.'l'O l'l7Q.YA. WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.
255b2Qi'S UOOIPAQZS, ,We.Se'll Law and Medicine' Books, and. all
mlm, ro me qw!-Q t University lext Books, New and Second-Hand.
' l '- We Sell Miscellaneous Books at Special Dis-
l lu K- We Sell the Waterman Fountain Pen and
- guarantee Perfect Satisfaction.
C3-EO- RX? AEE,
UNIVERSITY BOOK STOFIE, 3 DOWN TOWN,
so South State Street. Opp- Court House.
'Fl N N -H R BGR.
"ig"W' R A A ' "Rm "O " 'f mg'-Mmwwwf Ti41"ii'Z"'TQR-'FE'-1
A The Practical Shoemaker, f3?f.Z'3EZrfi'of3'i51-lcglf.1.."l'n'.'..I.
' 9 never known here before.
MEN'S SOLES, BOC., HEELS, 25. LADIES' AND BOYS' SOLES, 40C., HEELS 206.
HAND-SEWED SOLESI 755, Work and quality guaranteed and promptly attended to.
No. 33 North Main street, ANN ARBOR, MICH.
PHILIP BACH. S. W. CLARKSON, HARRISON SOULE.
Pres. Cashier. V. Pres.
First National Bank
Of ANN ARBOR, mic:-1. D .
Capital Sl00,000. Surplus and Profits S50,000.
Henrg Cornwell James L. Babcock Wm. McCreery
Edward D. Klnne Pblllp Bach Moses Seabolt
John F. Lawrence James Clements Harrison Soule
Printers and Binders to tin-.
DATE University ol? Michigan . . . 3
THE E GIS I E R I
WE ARE , .
LY TURNING 0"
gig OUT I-'IRST Z
mio ,H ., , I 'I A Z
3274 Y mu' W I 1'
vw CLASS WORK
FIGURESARE XIV Em bossers AND
MADE AS -0-' -
Low AS IS WIN '
WITH Goon A
- PRINTING PRINTERS 0F THE . . .
Wrinkle Arrow 5
BINDING- Palladium Inlander 5
LET Us GIVE T0'Wit Bulletin Z
Omega Aurora - 2
YOU PRICES Oracle Alumnus Q
. ' 5
. Ig:-23 E. Huron St.
' . . . ANN ARBOR
R. EJ. JOLILJY Sc GO,
PIPES AND TOBACCOS,
CIGfXRIi'I"IIIfS XXNIJ CIGARS
xXXXXKXXxxxuu:1f IN THE CITY
ALSO THE LARGEST STOCK OF
Chocolate BOI1 Bons.
We are agents for WILLIQJILT fcngvrl-?5lFERR,S
ICE CREAM, STRAWBERRY FI.oPs. BANANA FLOPS,
AND fII.I. SUMMER BEVERAGES, ETC.
HOT AND COLD I.uNCI-IES.
R. E. JQLLY :SE CG., .MSIE-.....
TIICAICIII Arbor Savings
ANN fXI?I3OI?. IVIICII.
CIIMIIII, .7,s0,000. SIIIQDIIIS, .791 501100. 7Qes0IImfs, .II'I,0U0,000
A IIL'IlL'l'l1I I:?lllIiIIlg IIIISIIII-ss 'I.I'ilIlS1lL'It'iI.
III'IIfls f'I1sIIcrI Im lTI'lllN'I' IIICIIIIIICIIIIIIII.
CHRISTIAN FIACK, Pres. w. D. HARRIMAN, Vice-Pres. cms. E. HISCOCK, CUSIIIEE,
I'I. J. FRITZ, Assistant Cashier
TIIE OLIUIISFI' HND ONE OI: IIIE MOST IIQELIIXBLII
IJXIINDRIES IN MICIIIGHN.
I he LHLI Fld
GIIIIIIN I':IllI-II IDI' IIIIII III-IivI'I'I'Il In :my pnrl. ol' IIII- City,
Nl. M. hI+lABOI.'l', Pl'0lll'i0110l"
4 Nm-IIII II sr ll Il I III
ZROYHI, GYGLE WORKSX
- AQ: ,mn--Mlggggw , -- Z
. , l fi X, P if
it V it c c cc it 7 if
f. P f f "A- J f f , f i X ! X , 'ff
3 i ,,, iii, , if
' " ,,,, .,. ': ,4,- Xi g. it
' Perfect in Detail,
,Q Perfect in Design,
Perfect in Finish, X
if Few E ual. fi
' WO KS:
if MARSHALL, MICH.
SEND FOR CATALOGUE.
' ARE THE ONLY NEGLIGEE SHIRTS
tor good dresscts to wear. Friiiltlcss tit-
ting. Uncqiialecl for Service.
4' Goonsifi-:ian " Detacliecl Collars.
'I'wo Collars ziml two path' Cults with cztvh Shirt.
Whc-n tiizitisriztls :irc pi'oiliii'ctl that
will mztlce hi-ttci' Suits, ivc-111' hot-
tcit, lit hcttcr, hold Sliztpc loiigui' att
323, or up, than wc Cain show, you
shall have them. If you wztnt at
good Suit, have its mztkc it. lt' thc
other kind: well--
I Allen Brothers,
"--,C .. W
.I X Xb 24?
VF JEFFERSON five.,
C id" yfrif- .
'ln' 'T' I If- V HEADQUXARTERS ron
Cameras, Am, My
' I05 Woodward Ave
L B KI Q if oo
o o oy
IMPOFITERS AND DEALERS ak
IN ALL KINDS OF
" Perfection" Student Lamps
Single and Double at spec-
ially low prices.
China Suitable for Society uses,
plain white or decorated to order
XIXXXXIIIIIXXXIXIIXIZXIIIXXIXIXIXIXXXIYXXXYXYXIXIIXIIIXIIXXIXLIIIZIJIIXIXIXXIX I UIIXIIXIIXIIIIXIXZIIIIXIILLI III
' An endless inner tube evenly ressin ' F L1
ugKEyEx : 4g against the outer cover, which completely BUCKEYEI Z?
'X -rmlgs XI' 5 encircles it, rendering impossible the TlkES' ,Ilff '
X Y development oli internal leaks. N VL, 'Ly"'
xx 5,5 pl.' X H
KIIIXITIIIIIIXIXIIXIXXII KYTKXIIXXIIXIXYIIIXIIXI IIXIXIIXIXIXIIIIIIXIXIXIXXIIXXIXITIXIIXAIIIYK xI11nn 1
5 SHINING STAR I .
Hang IS THE
5 IEEE? fisx
5 been I need
1 " W
ff G E N D R0 N
I. iazliiiu -
g lp 2IIb, RIIAIJSTER
from I Change
SECURE ITS AGENCY. in
- GENDRON IRON WHEEL CO., Construc- 5
it , TOLEDO, OHIO.
' E AIt'Ull2llliC2LH-Y l'2LSt0ll.PKi, .IIIIL npl. mlcpvmlcnl. E
fp ' on illf!ltllOlP l'ppl1TldlI11g1toIii fllril, llcncc IIOII X.
' - rt I. uric efreeo: 111 :mon neccs- f - ' ix -
! BUCMYEI. , lsgijysliiilrmoslimf tliae Cliiijcher type, amd, there- K BUCKEYEIKV -,
K T'RE5 y fore, more rcsiilienl, less linlmlc IO puntllre, X TIRES- J I
E X' :md ol' longer life. X ' l
Dancing and Delsarte
' ' X J
Gesture and Pantomimic Action.
Great attention is given to the
Proper Manner ol'
Walking, Standing, Carriage, Intro-
duction, Street and Reception Bows
Thorough Instruction in all that goes to make up
an Artistic, Efitiectioe and Successtiul Appearance
Drawing Room, Platliorm or Stage
CLASSES E N D
May l8th. 1895
Oct. I4tb. lB95.
Wheeling and Lake Erie R .
Direct Route Between TOI,E,DQ,
, , , WHEEIJING,
Lake Erie and Ohio River Points STEUBENVHILE
Direct Line to Pittsburgh and the East, via Akron, Cuyahoga Falls, Kent, Ravenna, Leavitts-
burg, Warren, Niles, Girard, Youngstowny New Castle, Allegheny, VVashington and Baltimore.
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New York City and New England Points via Chau-
tauqua Lakes, Buffalo, Niagara Falls or Salamanca.
ran: The only line taking its passengers through to Phil- gifs ajfg
llx adelphia, New York and New England Cities via
Washington and Baltimore, at Short Line Rates.
Special Excursion Rates granted on Occasions N.
of Conventions and other gatherings, where
the attendance will be sufflclently large to General Passenger Agent,
warrant a Reduction in Rates. TOLEDO OHIO
THE Ric:-uvionn 85 BACKUS Co.,
. . . Stationers . . .
I If you are looking for a
E. V. Hangsterfeni
FO N Pa rties,
WE BUY AND SELL
183 Jefferson Ave.,
Send for Catalogue of Law B1ank.s
Pnirof . . . .
FI Poir that will Fit your Eye
Hs well cs your Feet.
Examine our Mammoth Iili0 of Russia, Seal, H g,
Patent Leathers and Cnlfs in the I .ding VI
X s 0
, . if
"iJi'siimr-I 4--r -E .,.,
, FNKER cof""X,,,, Kg,--6 J
- I ii via, .L
JACOBS 6: ALLMAND,
DEALERS IN FINE SHOES.
Wnshinqton Block, - 1InniIrbor, Mi I
D. gi. TINKER ei co.,
Cbristy HAT English '
L. L. Ss Fl. HAT Guaranteed
Young's HAT New York
Nascimento HAT New York
DENT'S GLOVES. GOL
and SILVER SHIRTS.
Wilson Bros. Dress Sbirts.
No. 9 sou'rH MAIN srngn
WE HAVE LIT ONTO THE
LIYVIEST SCHEMES IN
G a trial. We guarant ll
Special Rates to Seniors,
6 EAST HURON ST
f' Built on Honor"
Youive heard that before, and know it means WARWICK
HICYCLES. But it's worth repeating, for 'tis this thatas
caused the WARWICK to be regarded by all as a wheel 1
tl1at's " pcrfcctiouf' ' .
Sec the improved points on our '95 models, not
unnecessary contrivanccs just to talk about, but absolute
necessities for a perfect wheel like Y V l Al
You'll know it when you see it coming by its Vermilion
rims, and the look of perfect satisfaction that sticks out
all over its riders. just to see it is to know it's what you
'l'hat's why it sells itself. Healers should keep it
out of sight when talking other makes--its very appear-
ance is more eloquent than any argument. See for your-
self, or write us for our catalogue. Wc'll mail it free.
WARWICK CYCLE MFG. CO., THE VERY CYCLE CO.,
Springfield, Mass. Boston, Mass.
MOORE 8 WETMOKE,
J J-i,1gag4,4:TA'.i'it: 'q igw 6 South Main Street, and
.Ar f QM-I QM xml? South State Street,
X 0 u t !,-i menu, O rs . '
A Corner of William Street.
V Q" Garry r u ll 9 or
Text:Books for all Departments,
Lawn Tennis and
Bose Boll Goods,
And other Seosoncible
WE HANDLE THE
Paul E. Wifi: Fountain Pen,
As well :ts other Pens that sell :tt lower prices.
RAVED ALL GOODS AT THE
CARDS AND INVITATIONS ENG
IN THE BEST STYLES
lce Cream 1
M-Hoe FROM l
T PURE l
ONLY T K STATE
48 SOUTH STFXTE ST.
Flementoes of College Life!
oo 08: Q-
69 'D' 96 - .
40 '35 'V TW
n ox! SQ 9 . 'X
-. 9 S' V" of '
s: eb ok 4 as .
gag 4116. Ssox Q9
. y bs
V ' he 'Q
. Kxo xYwwon 'gb G
58 . 1, 'O
.-N0 JOGW Ns. 35'
xuw ax 'x Ygvxxt ox
- s k V '
v ' 0-9 .QW
GX , 4'
Come and See Us.
Novelties and the latest
fads can always be
'Mild 5 ply
Sl-IEEI-IAN Ss CO.,
Cnrzjf Ihr larger! mm' zzmsf t'071lf7fL'fL' lim' fy'
BASE HALL, LAVVN TENNIS.
V 6'l"!W.N!lSfIUlI mm' GENERAL
SPOR TING GOODS fu fh1'l'I'f,'V.
SfN'f'7'1T! fairs iq fmwx mm' flnbx. CI7f!7fU.Q'7l1'.Y f7l1'l17'.Vhl'lIl 011
SSH EoEo'H'HN Sc GO..
Unio. Booksellers, Stationers, Engravers and Athletic Outliitters,
30 SOUTH STATE ST., ANN ARBOR, MICH.
RENTSCHLER, l Any Vlan
I O O O O
O fix gvmn' ML'lfZ.CZ-711' ns wr'
T mn, bn! lm bflfrr. PV1'
Q sc!! 106711 in yon. ffm'
G Soaps mm' Y'0z'lc'l A7'f1'fh'.v,
R lfr71.vbr.s' mm' Combs.
P Good CZ.g'H7'.f', Tobnrcos.
H l'nxfng'r Sfmnjfs.
con. MAIN AND HURON,
B. 8 M. Dnuo Sronf.
ANN ARBOR ........
ALL ABOUT OUR CAPS AND COWNS. MOST EVERY
COLLEGE MAN DOES. WE FURNISH THE HIGHEST
CLASS SUITS FOR THE LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES-
YOU KNOW THAT, n
OO YOU KNOW THAT OUR ASSORTMENT Ol"
AND REQ UISITES ARE MORE COMPREHENSIVE THA A'
ALMOST ANYRODY ELSE'S?
PARTICULA RLY STRONG IS TIIE STOCK Ol"
NEGLIGEE SHIRTS. BICYCLE SUITS.
YACHTING CAPS, BELTS. ETC., ETC.
PRICES THROUGHOUT ARE
STRAWBRIBGE: G. CLQTMIBR.
'af 'N vt 0
t rm ters
MATTER Z x.......N
t-t if? . . , . I
3 INQAWII 0565241 Qt wg
if Xvamx EQ.? 9wf
71 E practlcal
ROY L GYGLE WORKS
1 F:S.iT..,,,.,.n.,,,.f.'1.:ifif"" 'A
fi! X I ,
ff 'ffzwi-, w
XX XX Ni xx W . .TX
. ' iv! - W ' f X Xi
,M T A if T
., . 5,1 I VN.
i Qzpyr. '-1 i T ii 34,-' -' " ' zu J
X Ji du. mms LAX wy,Mf,.,.w,,-fw I ,yi fy
. f ik xx kx k I f ,,
- ', "ff '-"" P- 'fri-2 ,gre-1,0-,H -Q, ,- "
A racing wheel of exquisite design,
A specimen of s perb workmanship.
SEND FOR CATALOGUE
GNCORPORATEM DESIGNERS OF
Steel, Iron and Wooden Steam and Sail Yachts,
'd e ----- DETROIT, MICH.
-- --.., ' , ,V
and Office, Jefferso
n Ave., at Belle Isle Br: g , - -
J f 1
. I v' e
X.-. ,Q-J,L,L. 'A ' P ' Ve' --i"'s,,,r"
' "W---q,,e..p--w...., ...,-.-f"'
AM YACHT U BONITA " BUILT BY THE DETROIT BOAT WORKS.
DI ETAS 6: SCHANZ
Ta I I 0 rs,
STHTE1 5 d F'
STREET' Front Rooms.
WE HAVE BARGAINS
IN ALL KINDS OF'
Fancy Trouseri n gs
And also In I
CALI. AND EXIIMINE OUR
GOODS, AND GET PRICES
ISEFORE YOU BUY YOUR
Prices Very .Low
Stop the Game I
lt has just been discovered
that IIIBYILIYHCSI stock of
Ever shown in the county is
now on exibitxon at the
mammoth stores of
W. S. MOORE, D. D. S
Cor. Washington and Main,
YOU CAN' FIND
All the latest styles in
Law Sheep, 175 pages,
Who Win Their Cases,
Read the Legal Works of J. W. DONOVAN.
pnges, Slxcep,Sl.00. Fourhlildclilion. 17,000 sold.
51.00. New and very Immmtic.
Jury Trials and Advocates"
l'ou1'Ll1 Fditiou ii-1.50. Combined Trials ol' 25 years
pages. l,awSl1e0p. ' 1 w ' - .
Williamson Law Book Co.,
Rochester, New York,
One Scent 0 Word.
FOR RENT.-One gymnasium, equipped a la latest "light fantastic."
Terms, El-Sloo per night. Payable in advance. Only "swells 'l need apply.
Address, THE FACULTY.
FOR KENT.-One chapel, suitable for Freshman meetings. Freshmen
furnished with organ and president free of charge. Intoxicants and sharp
weapons not allowed. Address,
PREXY 13. ANOELL, W. W. WEDEMEYER X Co.
FOR SALE.---OIIC Tale of VVOe. Slightly worn from its application to
the hardships of the Mormon people. Applicable to any form of oppression,
and always impressive. Write 111-fffgf. This advertisement will not appear
again. Address, j. E. HICKMAN,
Salt Lake City, Utah.
FOR IiliN'1'.1OllC sweater. Suitable for the summer months. Durabil-
ity guaranteed. Dishgured by no H Ms" or other advertisements.
, VANCE P. WILKINS.
FOR RENT.-A few rooms, formerly occupied by frisky Sophomores.
Apply at, BLUEBERRY HALL.
FOR SALE.-One Homeopathic Department, equipped with full faculty,
three electric-process batteries and one student. BOARD OF REGENTS.
FOR SALE OR RENT. -The World. Freehold title and fence thrown in.
Be sure you get the address right. O. NIURFIN, Box 6, 978,794.
-"W" "A SOUND IVIIND in a
Which means a SOLID TOP in a SOLID FRAME.
This is considered quite essential In a man,
, WHY NOT in a RIFLE?
The MARLIN REPEATER is the only repeater
" with a SOLID TOP and SIDE EJECTION.
' 'f "i7,.':'c-'35
, . f- , assi? Z
I Q I
, , A- i f ar
. ..I I ' N
, 1+ I ff
I , ff -
TRONGEST USE MARLIN RUST REPELLER
- - To protect all tools and Metal work.
. I5 cents per tube.
Write for large catalogue. Mailed free on application to
The IVIARLIN FIRE ARMS CO., New Haven, Conn.
- XIL IL IL IL IL A, IL II IL IL IL If Il V
-gk gk -35? is -35? Qs? Y? xqg xig xwg xg xvg xwg xxgxwg xwg xg xw? xi? xi?
This space belongs In
FRANKLIN HUUSE MARY F- MILEY,
DETROIT, MICH. DEALER 'N
Itis well before leaving home, whether
for Imslnvss or PIl'II.SlII'0, to decide upon xt
Inge: and tlwreimytauinlfl crlnfusion. ld I L d , , F
len yon v si Jotroi wo won me
pleased -n Innvo you stop at the old a 168 ancg GOOCIS,
' Fra nklln lIousv,99 cor, Larned
und Bates Sts , where you will haven uood
meal and n clean bed at lnodemte rates. AND
The house Inu-1 been renovated from top to
bottom, and Isismnw Infflqimt-class condit on. 1
espcct u y, . t ' t '
H. H..1AMEs. HI' IS IC
Meals, 35c. Lodgings, 50.
Per Day, 81.50. M i I I i
20 EAST WASHINGTON ST.
' - . AhbkstgbgkitxxtxhxhxkxiN
3:8 3718 37? gk: 3:3 ak Wo Wa mx mx mx WI- in 'iv 'iv in iv it WIN in
Scenes on the line ofi the Buckeye Route
Ohi0's Greatest Railway
If you wish In trawl-I quickly mul unmI'nrInhly In mul from ANN ARBOR,
TOLEDO, COLIIM ISU-, CINCINNATI, I'I'l"l'-ISURG. PARK ERSISURG
or tn uny point In Cl'llI1l'IlI or SIIIIIIIHSPII 0IlI Il, VIRGINIA or the CARO-
LINAS mke one ol' thu I'ul:uI.InI Pussc-ngcr Trains nf the
POPULAR BUCKEYE ROUTE
1VhIuh urn uqnlppvd with ull uppllnnm-s for SPEED, SAFETY und COM-
FORT. The Rmul Ilvd is Rock liullm-LI, und Rulls of lmuvy Steel, mnklng
an journey one ot' g-rout plc-mmrc und C'I01llIIIlIl'!'l!'h
RBUUGGG RHEGS IUEIUC IOP SEUUGIIES GUVIHQ HOIIUEIU V?l0E111IOl1S.4..,,,,,,,,wyyg
For Information, address, H. A. WILSON, Dist. Pass. Agent, TOLEDO, OHIO.
W. H. FISHER, Gen. Pass. Agent, COLUMBUS, 0.
x ' W
3 9 fNf5
F , W
3 , 5
Q' V E? ?s . , 7 V-E' 'AZ Ea
1 IW 2
The March-Davis Cgcle
loo North Clinton Street,
QQL g,, , - , , A
-W . is-gy
"For of all sed words of 'tongue or pen,
The saddest are these, 'lt might have beerg."'
THE U. of Ill. Dzzzfaf would have played football with the CASTALIAN if
the 'Varsities could have been persuaded to act as their substitutes.
THE ,QS Wzizzklc would have been a funny paper if the still small voice
of 94,5 wit could only have been made to sound again.
THE co-eds' April spread would have been "quite swell" if Easter eggs
had only been what they were cracked up to be.
J. E. LAUTNER would have been clad in raiment spun from angels'
feathers Qplucked from Gabriel's Wingl, if Rosenbaum had not sold them all
E. C. LINDLEY would have been class-representative on the oratorical
contest if Johnston had been twins.
tl. B. BROOKS would have been elected class orator "if those five co-eds
had not got up and gone out right in the middle of the voting, just before it
came time for my election." '
"REnnY" CUMME1: would have " shone 'mong the stars" if only he had
H. B. GAMMON would have helped run the world if the heavens could
have spared him.
THE 19415 Infant Alumni Banquet would have been successful if only
Alexander Magnus had been present to toast.
THE spirit of '95 would have departed in peace after graduation if Richard
R. Lyman had not been constrained to stoop from his pedestal and bow to
it and shake its hand.
Bw ' I c B d
fm-QI iraq- . Blcyc es an e Ha
If. .Il xl 'I
f ' 1 'T fe PM NH .. ' L- at almost any price a buyer wishes to pay, but good Bicycles
uf W. f'1,F'itsIi,upg,21L::x:. -, " ' ,l cannot be had at the price of poor ones. Chcap Bicycles in
A "' -II'vI ' I - orcler to he solrl cheap must he made cheap. The huyer is
I- X' fl , I QQ: ' -ff, 1 greatly mistaken if he supposes he saves money hy buying
EL., Y A, A 'E.'4"f9 Mix 1 lv the low grade macle-to-sell-at-a-price Bicycle. The maker
I l " . ' A ' , -" I' I W lx and Ilcaler sec that he gvts no more than he pays for. The
fl: '1"'i' wi Nr' A ,J ' W wise buyer will examine '
I I -I V T E BEN-
dj 1 f- 'gp H -H U
Q' ,m,,,tf fr - - L' liefore he liuys. lt is lllflll 2 of thc lmest nIatcI'ial, in the lmest
M , -5 .If " Pig! My f possihle manner. It sells at S5S5.oo, no lllUI'C, no less, ancl is
' 'T , N Xl'0l'lll 335410.
. A. . NJ,
- B JJ THE ANN ARBOR ORGAN CO.,
Ask the ANN ARBOR ORGAN CO. to-show y0II SOLE AGENTS.
BENSHUR BiCyCle- BENSHUR BICYCLES, y
They are High Grade. and compete only with higher-
Priced Wl'00lS- lmprovecl style No. gg 'l'I'eaIl, 55 inehcsg NVciglIt, 22 llms.g
WRITE Fon CATALOGUE IfIzI:Iz. Morgan K Wright, llose Vipeg lhmlop, G. X j. or Palmer
G6H13I'dl GUGIB Mig. G0.,
INDIANAPOLIS. - INDIANA.
I K, 1,
, I 2, I
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ff' f 4 It A XTX
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THE ANN ARBOR ORGAN co., Sole agents,
BI SOUTH MAIN STREET, ANN ARBOR, MICH.
295 Congress t
Manufacturers of '
d r ng
gf Arc 1 ec UFGLQCIED I
- - an other D awi s.
b Dd H' o
if the Faeu I ty
in Qllege B08k5'J urmila.
QI Qigrds-Menu Qrds-DaneeGrders
'Af-lfistie Programmes. , af
Il7x7itation45 C W3
. , Ujrggs i
Qfuecgpondeneegolielied-e 295 00 M55
r 1 ljp5f97Z'
ELFIND, -FIND DE
And all Port . . more ol' Lake I-luron.
Rcinenihcr this is the only I.inc giving passcnffers 'I
of sight seeing at ull way ports on this
scrngers making at 1 '
I - .
S on the Weet Sl
,, tic opportunity
continous tri J "'
. Also givinif
1 six hours on tl - '
Ifar ' '
te Famous N
ts, IIICIIIIIIIIO' M
. ' ackina
f, 'eals and Bertha, no other expenses,
CLEVELAND to IVIACKINAC ISLAND and RETURN, Seven-Dag Trip, 3514.
TOLEDO to MACKINAC ISLAND and RETURN, Six-Dag Trip,
DETROIT to IVIACKINAC ISLAND and RETURN, Fine-Day Trip, ll.
TICKETS GOOD TO RETURN ANY TIME DURING THE SEASON.
Connecting: at Mackinac Island with all steamers for Chicago Mil
all points nn Luke Michigan, Lake Superior
Railway for all points i
. waukee. Petoskey, Sault Ste.
,and Green Hay: and at St. lgnace with D. S, S
n the Upper Peninsula and the West. Wrlte for Tlme Table.
U. GRANT GRUNINIOND, S. B. GRUMNIOND, Jr.,
Gen'l Passenger Agent. General Manager.
GENER-HL: OFFICES: DETROIT, Ml
. 8: A.
The Bridge Teachers' Agencies,
With two exceptions we have iilletl positions in
every State and 'IlCI'l'll,Ol'y in the Unitecl States.
In the IVestei'n, Southern anti lllitlrlle States we
have filled many college positions.
lVe are constantly receiving calls from tintl sending
teueliers to the best schools untl institutions in the
If you want at position, write or eull on nsg the
chances ure we can help yon.
Agency Manual free on cipplicotion.
One Fee Registers in both offices.
Chicago Office, 2II Wabash Ave. H. S. BULLEN, Manager
CIQGQUCIYTIGQOD OI' IIE
I is the U. of Ni. oRci-QESTRA.
, LEON VI. JONES, Munuger und Director, Sl South Ruin St.
ENGAGEMENTS FILLED PROMTLY.
Ill6 Gll'6llS I8 G0llllllU l
cumsis at OGFXWIX,
At Arm Arbor, Nic1yl7 ond l8.
First Circus in Ann Arbor For Seven Years.
All come. You may not have another chance.
Rrserved Scans ior Seniors, oi Gourss.
we vi 6
R 45 5 SHYYQ '
W in S' 086: . .
, G Q
WAGNER 6: BIERVIANN,
Machinists and Engineers,
GUNS AND FISHING TACKLE.
3 W. WASHINGTON ST.
Shoes and Rubbers
NO. B SOUTH MAIN ST.,
ANN ARBOR, MICH.
f K . RI, Ei. il T: W Am I
Fox'xi151iIyixiI'rci:iivx'i?o1' inf the Foriulgrli' DFIHIOVIQTIIIIS- A, F, RT,
Brunswick, Detroit. wick, Iate with the
N d- gzeelcslor'
CARR 6: REEVE. De troi t
CONGRESS ST, E,, Near Woodward Ave.
Passenger Elevator, Steam Heating, Baths, Fire Alarm
and Return Call Bell System, and other modern
appliances. Complete in cvcry detail
HATES 52.00, 52.50, 53.00. MEALS SOC.
We are Leaders of Fashion
Ate IN EVERYTHING PERTAINING T0 534
Our Iinportutions of Maulrus, l'ununu1, Penztng and Cheviot Shirtings this
season is superlm and ineludes nutny entirely original designs. XVe offer also
'tn exquisite line of Neck Dressing in four-in-lmmls, straight und Ilowing
ends, the ROYAI. is rt winner, linglisll lligh Uraule t'lul1 'l'ies are Hon top'
of these. NVe are slunving some exquisite designs, in fnet, for eurreet styles
every depnrtiuent we are in it.
lJents', 1"uu'nes', Perriues and I". C. N I". XV:tlking und llriving Gloves,
English Water-proof Box Coats, Athletic Outlits our specialty.
G9 RLAY BRQS.,
Flnd Importers of MEN'S FURNISI-IING GOODS,
99 Woodward Avenue, DETROIT.
I-Iuston, Asbnyeod, Wilson Co.
l1V0i1'cz1'1'01zs and Pr0g1'cz11z111es, Sfeel 'Plafe Atlzimal HlZlSf7'Clf1'01ZS,
Jwenus, F1'aie1'm'iy and Class Sfcziz'0ne1'y,
Visiting Cards, Wedding Invitations, Monograms and Address Dies for Stationery.
Special Designs :uid Samples cheerfully furnished.
IO22 WHLNUT STREET, ' ' ' F'I"lIl.fFlDE,LF'HI'Fl.
KEEP YOUR lXCCOl,'N'I' XN'l'I'II 'l'lIE
STATE SAVINGS BANK,
ANN ARBOR, MICH.
GFIPIT-FII., - 2B50,000.
PER CENT. interest paid on Savings Deposits :ind Certitiezites, Drafts issued on :ill parts ot' the world.
4 Accounts of Students accepted :tual every zuzeoinodzuion consistent with safe methods uccordetl.
NV. IIOOTII, President. WM. ARNOLD, lst Viet:-President. -IOIIN V. SIIICICIIAN. 2nd Vice President,
ROBERT PIIILLIPS, Cnsliier,
The Great atural Summer Resorts'
MOUNTAINS QF THE ,SOUTH
Are best reached by the Solid Vestibuled Trains of the
ON THE EMORY RIVER, NEAR HARRIMAN, TENN.
Queen Crescent Route
The Q. N C. runs the only solid vestlbuled train service from Ulnclmnmbl to Lexingxtmm,
Clnmtuumugn.. lhonlmnlz lllmmtnlny, Bl:-rnlngxlnznn, Merldlnn, New Orleans, Atlanta :Lnd
Jnclcsonvllle.-The only tvhruugln eau' lines L0viCkSbllI'g'lI.lldSlll'CVUDOl'l1, Lo Asheville, N.
C. vin Knoxville.-The only through tourist sleeping em- llne, Clnelnnntl L0 Cnlifornln.,
wlllhont clmnge 0l'llI'1l.llSf0l'. Send to ns for literature.
ElegantPzu'1u1'U:ml'e:md0hse1'v:u.Llm1 em' between Ulneinnzztl :und Clnuttaunoogn.
" Special attention given to Llll!iI1dlVldLllI.lCOIllfOl'L of passengers."
See to it that your tiekets read via
THE QUEEN HND CRESCE ,
THB Heinersonleu Manuiaoiurinu Works
Our "Co1umbia"i Drawing Table
. I v
IS WITHOUT A PAnALl.El. Fon
BEAUTYHAND UTILITY. I
om-: Doon souTH or CRESCENT Mn.i.s,
WEST END PEARL STREET BRIDGE.
Grand Rapids, Mich.
After the rough inspcc'
FEIIDONALUMBIZII l E
JAMES TOLBERT, PROPRIETOR
D p t S. E. Cor. Fourth Ave N A Al M l
AND DEALERS IN
T. J. KEECH, Manager.
I tion, the place for me
to buy my SPRING
O SUIT, HAT':1nd
FURNISHINGS is at the
J. T. JACOBS
Their SPRING SUITS are Works
of art und sure to fit. Their HATS
coinp1'isr:tlie most fzunilizu' and nob-
hy blocks, namely: the Yoninzin,
Knox and Harrington. Ill FURN-
ISHING GOODS they have no
27 and 29 S. Main St.,
WHEN IN YPSI.
CHI-:Lv ON --qxxxxxxxXXXXXY
fl. 6. FINGERLB,
Always in Stock. W '
CORNER CONGRESS AND HURON.
L ' A
! D 2ll Vlygkgsh lAve.,h
The Albert Teachers Agency, CHMQQ, .LL
Estnbllshcd 1887. Teachers located in '94, 370. New circulars give full information.
Vacancies direct. from employers.
Teachers nersounlly recommended. w Address C. J. ALBERT, Manager.
1 V V 7'Yl
v , l .rdf
1 ,' ,iff F : 1
S. Cut Flowers
. . ,X N JA fs, .1 Floral
V ' , - ,.- -Q, 'we
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4. fe ff . Desl ns
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205 S. Washington,
YPSILANTI. - MICH
ON THE ROAD The
IN THE RACE DIAMOND,
Fi I: IN THE HEARTS mC"'NE
FS OF 'PHE WHEELMEN MADE-
fi A ,
Light Roadster, Semizllacer,
Weight 21 I-2 lbs. Weight I9 1212 lbs.
We ee--W - M AJL
51 ' "' ig
JOHN P. LOVELL -ARMS CO.,
FREE BOSTON, - MASS.
GEORGE WALKER. MICHAEL OROSSFIANN. CHRISTIAN BRAUN
The Hnn Hrnor Garriaua pworks,
IF YOU ARE IN NEED OF A BUGGY, DON'T FAIL
to call on Walker 85 Co., before you buy elsewhere. We can
save you money. We manufacture from 60 to 65 DIFFERENT
STYLES of Vehicles. WE CARRY THE LARGEST STOCK
IN THE COUNTY. We also carry a large stock of HAND-
MADE I-IARNESSES. A good assortment of BICYCLES at
the very lowest prices. We also give special attention to all
kinds of repairing in our line. Work done promptly and at
WFILKEQR Sc GO
NOS 7 WEST LIBERTY AND
21 AND 23 SOUTH ASHLEY STREETS.
SEASON OF 1895-'96
OPENS OCT. 5.
GROUND FLOOR, 6 MHYNHRO ST..
Private Lessons and
Mr. and Mrs. Ross Granger
instruct at all Classes.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CALL AT THE OFFICE.
I sig Qlggig an aiggw gp, ay, as an sw an sm
mv av vwiiv viviiv vi? 453 visas 73? WWW
GRIFFITH X GRIFFITHS
VIEWS and PURE VVHITE
make more money than parties
working for other firms is that,
besides having the
Views in the world,
record has been kept of all terri-
tory in which their
been sold, so that they are pre-
pared to assign lhviz- agents the
most desirable fields.
Parties desiring employment
for the summer vacation will do
well to write for special terms
and catalogue to
GRIFFITH 8 GRIFFITH3
16th St., Philadelphia, Pa.
PERFECTO'S, ---- 10c. straight.
CONCHOS, ----- 3 lior 25c.
UNION LEAGUE CLUB, 10c. straight.
SMOKETTES, ---- 50. straight.
FOR SALE BY ALL DEALERS.
J0lllI W00llIl0U36 Sc GO.,
DETROIT, - MICHIGAN.
m ax ax mvViv4lv4Iv4lv4lv4lv4lv4lv4ix
We MAKE WHEELS g
Quality Guaranteed the BEST.
oun LINES, WEEGHTS Ann
WRITE FOR DESCRIPTIVE CATIILOGUE.
NEIBIOIIGI SGWIIIQ MZIGIIIHB 60.
The CHA . H. ELLIOTT CO.,
Makers and Publishers oi
coA'rS OF ARMS
ELEGANTLY PRINTED, BOUND,
IN HALF Tom-:,
PHOTO TYPE, ON STEEL.
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gif Wheellng IS a Bodllg and Mental S1:1mulus ggi
I F T H E 525
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gig LIGHT, . mv
my DCSCVIDGS I- B R SI2
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236 - W
Wy DESCFIIPTIVE CATALOGUE SENT ON APPLICATION.
B FFALO WHEEL CO., egg
gg BUFFFILQO, N. Y. S53
v v . v w w w w xv w W W W 'ILSIL S!LS!LSILS.I2S!2 slesxe Sze sae sw swsszszz
2-IQ as as as as ai- W mv V.-P my W vas qw mv W
LISKA 8s STONE,
xl., Cl 1 I o rs
U l'Q?gIE?xB'I1Yfd'1nQ- A g-may Detrolt'
FOR EVERY SERVICE.
Duplex Power K
' Water Pumps,
Suitable for Water Works in small
cities or towns.
WATER WORKS' MACHINERY
PUMPS For GENERAL SERVICE
BUILT BY THE
THE DEANE STEAM PUMP CO.,
NEW YORK. A BOSTON. PHILADELPHIA. CHICAGO
Best Bicycle, Leost Nloney
The Highest oli all High Grades.
, il b e e as
SCORCHER S85 WAVERLEY BELLE S75
A Mechanical Expert who was deputized by the Chimga Tl.Illt'S to select
the best machine shown at the Chicago Show, Without mentioning any other
make has the following to say of the Waverley:
"One of the things that strikes the visitor at all acquainted with mechanics and mechanical devices, is the
care. the mechanical iugemiity and the ninety of constructioncombined iu the iuanufacture of bicycles. One mau-
ulacturer. the Iudiaua Bicycle Co.. of Indianapolis, which manul'actures the Waverley, employes a steel expert to
select their material, to whom they pay as big a salary as the Mayor of Chicago gets. A chemical analysis is
made ol' every ingot that is used. ' Tue cranks on their machines are tested tea strain of6oo lbs.-soinething that is
unprecedented. Their steel tubing is selected stock from the Mannesmaun Tubing Co.. of England, all tested to
gauge. That is said to be the only company in the country, that makes every part of the bicycle in their own
factory, which has the largest capacity of any factory in the world. The company uses natural gas as its only fuel.
They have made as high as 28,000 bicycles in one year."s-Chicago Times,jauuary1r, 1895.
VVhy spend more money for a bicycle when the best bicycle made can
be had for S85.00?
Our Catalogue gives more information about the construction of bicycles
than any Catalogue published. FREE BY MAIL.
INDIANA BICYCLE CO.,
ff 2-'fl f
Wd , j
i f ' '
l YY Cf as
Wf ll ll
E. O. THOMPSON solicits the orclcr
from Ann Arbor University for Gowns,
not because the aclvertiseinent is in
this hook, lint heeause he niakos thc
best Gowns to he had in the whole
Worlcl, and sells them at the very low-
J '4 XX I ll! Struct. - - l'lIlI.AlJlCl.l'lIl X IA
A feature in the clothing you buy of us is that it is as well made
as the average tailor made goodsg our spring assortment is com-
plete. We have also added a
new line of stiff hats, See our
window for all the new novelties.
'V :X LF
Norlsnern Slssamsnin omnanu
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EXCLUSIVELY PASSENGER STEAMSHIPS'
NORTH WEST and NORTH LAND,
Sailing, lVednesday and Saturday of each week from
DETROIT to Mackinac Island, Sault Ste Marie, Duluth and West,
and Sunday and Vlfednesday for Cleveland, Buffalo and East, close con-
nections at all ports with rail and Steamer lines. Through tickets and
through baggage checks. '
The largest, swiftest, and most elegantly appointed steuinships
on the Great Lakes
Full information and latest schedules can be obtatned from
A, A, HEARD, General Passenger Agent, D, W, H, MORELAND, General Agent,
Buffalo, N. Y. I57 Jefferson Ave. Detroit, l'llch
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