University of Michigan Medical and Nursing School - Aequanimitas Yearbook (Ann Arbor, MI)
- Class of 1968
Page 1 of 264
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 264 of the 1968 volume:
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Dean William N. Hubbard, jr., M.D.
THE EVOLUTION OF A MEDICAL SCHOOL
Medicine exists only as a component of complex societies and
the profession takes its definition from the responsibility it has to
serve the health of man. As these health needs and goals change,
the profession's working definition is thereby changed. A medical
school must prepare its graduates for the actual professional re-
sponsibility they will carry and in this context the fundamental
force for change is the evolution of the health needs and goals of
But substantial improvement in the effectiveness of the phy-
sician's efforts and in the efhciency of his practice depends on
improved scientific knowledge transmitted into the understand-
ing, skills and technology that identify modern medicine. This
knowledge is produced most commonly in a setting where its
mode of application is secondary in importance to its improve-
ment of the explanation and understanding of events. The tension
between those who produce and those who utilize can be a natu-
ral and reciprocal stimulating force when the medical school
appreciates and supports the essential values of each. lf one dom-
inates then professional obligations are threatened, while if the
other dominates any significant professional progress will halt.
The curriculum design and teaching content will change in re-
sponse to the dynamic tensions between knowledge and its trans-
lation into service.
A third major evolutionary force is the increasing variety of
fields of knowledge and disciplines of practice relevant to opti-
mum health care. A basic dilemma in designing the teaching
program of a medical school is that the physician is only a com-
ponent-albeit an essential and most central one-in the total sys-
tem of efforts necessary to secure health. The growing number
and importance of the other specialized elements of this loose
system and the necessity to formalize their relationship within
institutional organizations require a corresponding reaction in
the education of the physician.
Actually, it is only within a University that there exists in a
single institution the range of research, education and practical
skills that are required to meet the health related demands of our
society. Because of this, the medical school must tend away from
its past practice of operating as a self-contained unit. lts future
will depend on its success in giving a decisive place to these many
elements of the Universityg thus becoming a University center
for health. Such a center will necessarily be concerned with the
research and educational base as well as the means of enhancing
the availability of health services in the community. The scientific
techniques suitable to understanding the cellular and molecular
levels of organization of living systems are not applicable to an
organization at the level of a health care system: but the basic
objective logic of scientific explanation and analysis is applicable.
We do not discard our antecedents, however, asgwe acquire
new characteristics, either in the genetic, the cultural or the pro-
fessional realms. The physician emerged in a priestly role, giving
his own personal comfort and support to man in his struggle to
survive in a hostile world. All that has followed in the history of
medicine has not amended or diminished the expectation of the
patient that his physician will fulhll this dedication. Without this
dedication the very idea ofthe physician is forfeit.
Historically, a sharing of common experience led to the
codification of empirical knowledge. Until about a century ago
the experimental approach to science had not affected medicine
and even today much of medical practice is based on empiricism.
But the major limitations on health today are characteristically
of complex etiology and defy a simple approach to diagnosis and
therapy. Accidents, alcholism, behavioral disorders and diseases
related to age are still awaiting precise scientific analysis.
The experimental and reductionist thrust of biological science
has had its impact on medicine principally in thepast thirty
years. lt now holds our great hope for the future since it promises
the potential of controlling biological events. ln a curious way it
also returns us to the beginning of medicine where the nature
and purpose of human life was a central concern. How shall the
teaching ofthe medical school respond to this?
Science itself is abstract and does not contribute to such value
judgments. Political values can degenerate into nationalism
where the idea of competitive survival extends to annihilation of
the human race. The societal values of civilization can become
so dominant that individual human worth loses its validity within
faceless groups that pursue selfish ends. Economic values that
can free man from the slavery of devoting all his labor to assuring
survival can also become a commercial ethic which has accumu-
lation of wealth and its accompanying power as a single over-
Medicine shares all of these unhappy alternatives and can he
destroyed by exclusive trust of either science, nationalism, pro-
fessional group values or a commercial ethic as the foundation
of its future. The elements of greatness in the tradition of med-
icine present it with an opportunity to provide both the example
and the precept that will reaffirm the literal brotherhood of man
and the ultimate essentiality of individual human worth. Each
physician must take this opportunity by himself and in his own
fashion. lf he does so, he may provide a model for mankind's
survival. lt is the preparation ofthe physician for this role that is
the ultimate aim ofthe evolution ofthe medical school.
W. N. Hubbardhlr., M.D.
Dean Hultlvard discusses the evolution of a medical
school in thejace of changing societal needs. A part if
this evolution is the curriculum rejorm oyered the
Freshmen this year. It is perhaps the higgest news in
the medical school. james Thrall presents an account
of the student s role in effecting the rejiirm.
The Student Surveys
ln the spring of 1966, a group of interested students, in the
then Sophomore Class of the Michigan Medical School, formed
a committee whose basic purpose was to be the study of medi-
cal education and the establishment of a dialogue with the faculty
and administration concerning its work. The original committee
divided itself into three main divisions. The hrst of these was to
pursue the particular area of student-faculty relations and was
charged with the responsibility for initiating contracts through
which the hoped for dialogue might develop. The second was to
communicate with other medical student bodies for the purpose
of obtaining bases of comparison and general discovery of condi-
The third basic division, which subsequently became the
Student Evaluation Committee lSECJ, was charged with under-
taking an extensive evaluation over the first two years of expe-
rience in medical school, the evaluation to be based on a ques-
tionnaire given to the freshman and sophomore classes. The basic
motivations for this specific undertaking were two. First, with the
prospect of a new curriculum at the school, it was obvious that
people were not satished with the existing one. lt was felt that a
thoughtful, well documented, accurate account of student feeling
concerning the old curriculum would be valuable to the con-
structors of the new one. Second, the fact that only the student
body actually experiences the entire spectrum of existence in
medical school, emphasized its uniqueness as a source ofinforma-
tion concerning the more mundane, but in all cases quite real,
problems embracing such things as finance, the very logistics,
mental and physical, of arriving at the right place at the right
time with the appropriate equipment, the input basis in plan-
ning for elective and post graduation periods, and attitudes to-
ward student government and the Honor Code.
In due course, the proposed questionnaires were prepared,
circulated and analysed by the SEC. The results obtained from
the first year effort were widely distributed. Numerous presenta-
tions were made by the SEC to a variety of both student and
faculty organizations. An entire section dealing with the Honor
Code was turned over to the Honor Council in toto. A
series of articles appeared in the PAEON, authored by Theodore
j. Gaensbauer, discussing the results with critical analysis of sev-
eral areas. Many copies ofthe complete results for both freshman
and sophomore years were used in the faculty curriculum dis-
cussions in the spring in 1967.
In its second and third years the SEC extended its coverage to
the juniors and seniors, and continued to provide data concern-
ing student opinion to administration, faculty, and other student
groups. Indeed, sections of many of the questionnaires included
material requested specihcally by departments and administra-
tion. In the future, it is hoped that the SEC will be able to expand
this aspect of its approach to help provide sufficient feedback to
facilitate smooth initiation of the new curriculum and ensure its
validity in the face of student expectations.
In its Hrst year, the SEC was co-chaired by Theodore Gaens-
bauer and james Thrall. Robert Hiatt assumed primary respon-
sibility in the second year. The SEC gained the stature ofa faculty
advisor when Doctor George Demuth became its consultant
in the fall of I 967.
The results ofthe surveys were complex, exhibiting di-
vergence ofopinion among the students on specwe items.
Yet there was definite agreement on the needjor clinical
correlatirm of ltasic science material, -for closer contact
with the gfacztlty, and-for modification of the lecture and
honor systems. The upperclassmen's reaction to the
net: curriculum fluctuates hetteeen envy and, ironical-
ly, an attitude of disparagement hecause the Freshmen
are not enduring the hardship of the old curriculum.
Peggy Zanotti gives the Freshman reaction to the
The New Curriculum
In spite of what the upperclassmen may say, the big change
brought about by the new curriculum is not the 40'Zi cut in the
basic sciences. In fact, physiology feels the cut is "merely a slight
of hand trick" and that there has been no effective reduction in
their material. On the other hand, anatomy, when queried about
the new system, gives forth with a wry smile and politely but
firmly refuses to even comment upon it. But one must under-
stand the fact that anatomy has been getting the axe with every
curriculum change since the days when medical school and hu-
man anatomy were practically synonymous.
It is my feeling that the biggest change has been the new posi-
tion assumed by the clinical faculty. The idea of introducing fresh-
men to clinical material from the very beginning was exciting to
both students and staff, but at times awkward and frustrating.
There were occasions, especially at first, when there existed a
communication difficulty in lecturing to a group on the intrica-
cies and complexities of a patient's disease when my classmates
and I didn't know a prognosis from a prosthesis, to say nothing
about our complete lack of knowledge of the human organism.
Throughout all this, the faculty has been very patient and even
empathetic with our naivetes, our hesitations and inadequacies,
and our growing pains in general. At the same time, they have
been supersensitive to our criticisms and recommendations as
they are eager to see the new curriculum work and to correct
any flaws while the system is still malleable.
Perhaps the biggest initial benefit to the entering class is the
fact that the big medical school course, gross anatomy, is now post-
poned a semester. N0 one, including the dean's office, felt that
they could say for sure how effective the curriculum change would
be until they could see how we reacted to gross. As I write this, I
have had only one week of the second semester, but one thing is
certain: if nothing else, the first semester primed us for the sec-
ond. We have had time to orient ourselves to a new environment
and are now, hopefully, more readily adaptable to the lowering
of the academic boom. Thus, I look forward to a relatively less
traumatic experience with gross than tradition dictates.
The new courses such as those covering auto accidents and sex
were not only interesting, but also a realistic approach to prob-
lems that we will encounter many times over in our careers. The
substitution for some of the physiology and biochemistry labs of
class demonstrations proved efficient and the latter were proba-
bly of more teaching value than the individual experiments of
One of the best aspects of the new curriculum is the vertical
core method of teaching. For example, while studying metabolic
endocrinology in physiology, we were doing glucose tolerance tests
in biochemistry and being presented with a patient suffering
from diabetes mellitus in the clinical correlation course. Seeing
an actual patient representing the sum total ofwhat we have been
learning in the basic sciences is, I feel, the most important teach-
ing tool of the new curriculum. Seeing the victim of disease
drives home the educational message to the medical student
more than any other didactic device.
In summary, I feel that the curriculum change has'been all
for the better and although there has been some elimination of
course work, this was, I trust, extraneous material that may not
be quite as useful as the material that has replaced it. When I re-
flect back on the Hrst semester as a whole, the thing that stands
out foremost in my mind is the attitude of the clinical faculty to-
wards the freshmen. These are the men we identify with and one
day hope to emulateg they have in turn established a certain
esprit de corps, and it is this spirit which has in a very large way
made the new curriculum a success for all of us.
The above mentioned surveys were completed two
years ago hy the present Iuniors and Seniors. The sur-
vey data reveals a consistant variance of opinion be-
tween the two classes: the then Sophomores were more
unanimous in their dislike of existing institutions,
no doubt rtjlecting growing apathy. Whether the new
curriculum will prevent apathy is unknown, hut at
least the current Freshmen have received it with ex-
ul1erance!a good result.
Other changes at the Mecca include additions to the
physical plant.- the Parkview Convalescent Home,
the new medical science building, the Charles Stuart
Mott Childrens Hospital, and the post-graduate edu-
cation building. New department beads are Dr. Wil-
liam Fry in General Surgery, Dr. Richard Harrell in
Dermatology, and Dr. William Oliver in Pediatrics.
At this writing no replacement bas been chosen for
Dr. Reed Nesbit in Urology.
On the University scene, it is the end ry' the sesquicen-
tennial celebration and the beginning if Robben Flem-
i ng's tenure as University president.
The Vietnam war qualyies as the most immediately
critical event afecting medical graduates and all Amer-
icans. Everyone wants the conflict to be over, but no
easy solution comes to mind. So this cancer with no
easy cure, this Vietnam war, continues after seven
years of pghting, after over 15,000 men killed, and
after millions of dollars have been spent on it. The ter-
rain in Vietnam and the tenacity of the enemy preclude
the easy victory that was lsrael's over Egypt last sum-
mer. At home, the war has draft-card burners and
anti-war demonstrators. Ironically these doves oppose
the war more militantbi than the hawks support it.
The major questions appear to be whether the United
States has any right to he in Vietnam at all, whether
the South Vietnamese have the abiligy or desire to sus-
tain a democratic society, and whether the altercation
is an unrelated incident or another step in a Com-
munist plan to control the world. A more basic ques-
tion must also be considered: Do the economic and
technical advances made in Russia justmf subjugation
:ja people for pftyyears.
Nationally, Lyndon johnson still reigns in this an elec-
tion -year. No doubt he will survive the polls in Novem-
ber. The Republicans offer such men as George Rom-
ney, who has struck his colors as a politician, Richard
Nixon, eager for another crisis: and Nelson Rocke-
feller, unwilling to run and refusing to campaign, on
which plajortn he is likely to snare the nomination.
Another paradox at home is the presence of poverty
in the face of tremendous prosperigi. The awareness
if this inequity has fostered a similar awareness inf
the distribution of' medical services in the United States.
The result is a clamoring for total care fir all peoples,
regardless of economic or geographic position. Walt
Faggett, active in establishing and perpetuating the
Student Health Organization, writes of these medical
needs. Iohn Lipson, this -year's recipient ofthe Galen's
Foreign Fellowship, demonstrates the universality rn'
Methodist Mission Hospital, Ganta Liberia. Starting 40 years ago as
a bush clinic, this hospital has grown into a modern medical unit, com-
plete with laboratory and school of nursing.
Modern medical care is provided by American physicians. However
the primary purpose of the hospital is to train the Liberians so that
they may eventually be able to supply their own doctors and nurses.
Medical Needs Abroad
Externing in an isolated area of the United States or serving
in a foreign country was probably the most exciting part of medi-
cal school for twenty-four members ofthe senior class.
Members of the class of 1968 went to places as close as Haiti,
and in such diverse locations as London, Liberia, Nigeria, Ethio-
pia, and Formosa. Each saw a different segment of the medical
problems of the world and yet each came home with a better
understanding of the medical needs. Most returned with a desire
to someday return to the place where they had worked. The mo-
tives for going ranged from the search for adventure and excite-
ment, to humanitarian interest, to Christian Witness, yet all
shared in expanding medical knowledge and understanding
throughout the world.
Liz and l spent four months in Liberia during the Hrst half
of the senior year. We worked at the Ganta Methodist Mission
Hospital which is a thirty-Hve bed "bush"hospital, but practices
modern, western medicine. My wife taught in the school of nurs-
ing and l worked in the clinics and surgery.
The lasting memories we bring back are not of the specihc
diseases and problems. Rather they are memories of the friendly
people we encountered and their desire to advance their country
into the modern world. And yet, in their desire to advance, they
are utterly frustrated by lack of education and lack of a skilled
working and middle class.
To be considered literate in Liberia, a citizen must have a
second grade education, yet less than 1405 of the population
meet this requirement. Because of this, it is very difhcult for the
people to be their own storekeepers, mechanics, bankers, teachers,
nurses, and doctors. Those who are educated usually enter gov-
ernment service or fill managerial positions for foreign-owned
With this lack of education, it is not surprising that the medi-
cal needs of the country are served primarily by foreigners.
Church-sponsored medical missions were the first to provide
medical assistance. More recently, other groups such as private
industry and the Peace Corps have begun to provide medical
For the developing countries to have their own medical school
is a major problem. There are not enough physicians to staff a
medical school or enough college graduates to make up a student
body. Nursing education, however, is a rapidly expanding field.
New schools are opening to train high school graduates to be reg-
istered nurses and to teach nurses new diagnostic and therapeutic
skills. The nurses, in many areas, are serving the function of
physicians in tinding and treating disease.
The changing medical emphasis has changed the type of for-
eign medical assistance desired. The need for the foreign mission-
ary doctor in the bush is rapidly decreasing. Rather, the develop-
ing countries are in need ofthe specialist and the educator to help
them create their own medical and nursing programs. They need
American physicians as consultants, both in person, by letter and
The hope of the future for the emerging nations is the develop-
ment of their educational facilities, so that each country may be
able to train its own people to supply its own medical care. The
class of 1968, through the bonds established during the foreign
externships, may someday be leaders in the promotion of world
1 ..... .
Young, bright citizens of many countries are gradually developing their
own medical training programs. This male nursing student is learn-
ing maternal and pediatric care through the Ganta School of Nursing.
Medical Care For All
We as new physicians are inheriting the privilege and prob-
lems of providing the highest quality of care to all patients. lt is
imperative that our role in this capacity be clearly defined and
enhanced by an awareness of the medical and social needs of the
present day society. We have received the finest technological and
scientific medical preparation in the world and must, from
this point on, determine how we can best apply our 'knowledge
and training in meeting the challenge of the health crisis so im-
minent at this time.
As leaders of the health team as well as of the community.
the physician is in a uniquely strategic position to mold and con-
ceptualize improved methods and organization of health care
delivery. He is free to determine his own level of commitment
in seeking solutions to this growing problem, whether in his own
practice, local medical organization or in community work.
There is a need for professional guidance and commitment in
assuring that the practice of medicine within the physicians
sphere of activity is as efficient and competent as his training and
ability can provide.
The traditions of medicine are very well entrenched and are
resistant to criticism and re-evaluation. The Hippocratic oath
was written to provide guidelines for the practice of medicine as
it was known during Hippocrates' time. Revised abortion
laws and rapid advances in medicine such as organ transplanta-
tion and artificial biochemical synthesis of life itself force us to
re-consider our interpretation and application of this sacred
document. Indeed the exclusion of the physician's social obliga-
tion to the patient community in this basic document of medi-
cal practice, emphasizes yet another inadequacy therein. It is
very apparent what the critical nature of today's health problems
demands. That imaginative new philosophies and programs must
be undertaken to assure use of modern concepts in the practice
Dr. Marion Folsom, speaking at the White House Confer-
ence of Health, stated that health is a basic human right and
that comprehensive, continuous and personal care should be
available to all. ln this abundant society, he noted, we have the
resources, capacity and obligation to do this.
The costs of health care today have skyrocketed to three hun-
dred percent more than the rates of ten years ago. Now most
Americans are a disadvantaged majority with Medicaid and
Medicare offering better protection to the indigent than the
coverage required by the general public.
Some method of co-operation between private and public in-
surance plans must be sought to provide better health protection
for all people.
Increased protection will result in increased demands for
medical care with further straining of the already inadequate
medical care system. A very real health crisis is developing. The
180,000 physicians in private practice handled 844 million
visits in 1964, and the patient load is increasing. Better utilization
of paramedical personnel and more efficient delivery of health
care must be effected if we are to provide high quality health care
for all people. This is our challenge and we accept it with serious
Besides clamoring for care for more people, the public
is demanding improvements in the quality of medical
care. Succesjul or not, heart transplantation and other
advances have whetted the desires of people fir cures
and better care, desires the medical prrjession must
work bard to satijy. For example, South Africa's
Christiaan Barnard whose feat is more notable for its
courageousness and impetuosity than technical achieve-
ment has fred this already awakening interest in and
scrutiny of medicine, phenomena unknown a few
In a slightly dwerent vein the three pictures at the
right show the progression of another problem, the
parking problem, from a time thirty years ago when it
was non-existent to what engineers deem-probably
incorrectly-to be a solution to the confusion which
all medical students experience so painfully now. The
connection between parking and the next essay is quite
tenuous but like many well-worn memonics, it may
prove benejicial due to the remoteness rj its reference,
That connection lies in the following slogan:
SUPPORT PLANNED PARENTHOOD
More to the point, one of man's greatest problems to-
day is his inclination to multiphi. While not evident
in !VIontana or the Upper Peninsula, the pressures of
numbers are felt in urban areas and countries like
India. Consider what Roger Grekin feels about the
problem below and then turn to pages 15 6f1 59 for
an insight into the opinions of several other Senior
mm., Ill lllll
It appears that medical advances may be preventing modern-
ization of under-developed nations. The New York physician
treating malaria in Nairobi, and the Canadian Hghting cholera
in Indonesia may be thwarting the progress and well being they
are trying to bring to troubled and impoverished countries.
The logic and simplicity of poverty and hunger in the under-
developed world are starkly obvious. There are too many people
or not enough food, and usually both. Most of the poorer coun-
tries are trying desperately to accumulate some surplus from the
land and convert it into economic improvement, but in general
things are getting worse, not better. India's yearly increases in
food production have not matched her population growth in this
An obvious first step is population planning, and many am-
bitious programs are being attempted, but they do not seem to
be working. Despite the efforts of a large group of talented men,
the poor people of these countries are not being convinced of the
need for fewer children. It is inhnitely easier to save an infant
with tetracycline or IV fluids than it is to prevent his birth.
Medical programs in Asia, Africa, and Latin America have been
highly successful and infant mortality is lower and life expectancy
is greatly increased.
Without attempting to discuss the moral implications in-
volved in saving or not saving life, it can be safely stated that
chances of developing a poor country would be better with a high
infant mortality rate and a short life expectancy. Fewer mouths
to feed means more chance to build excess capital and savings.
The path toward industrialization is fought with difficulty
and the odds against development for many poor countries are
long. If we are to make the odds even longer by saving lives that
consume food, we must at least be aware of the implications of
our actions, and weigh the future chances of development against
the medical needs of today.
When LSD is mentioned it is usually associated with
such institutions as Hippies, Haight-Ashburjy, love-
ins, marijuana, and even "Mt2d" dress, mini-skirts,
and long hair. While these institutions may not ft
well in one cubicle, they have this in common-in a-year
or two they will have been replaced by other easy solu-
tions to the world's problems and other undorms of
individuality. David Drachler's essay deals with the
reasons behind drug use todaryq it is exerpted from his
Victor Vaughan paper.
Drugs and Man
Throughout history man has deliberately sought means to es-
cape reality. ln his efforts to go out of his mind man has em-
ployed isolation, deep breathing exercises, hypnotic induction,
oscillating body movements, prayer, fasting, sleep deprivation,
flickering lights, self-flagellation, sensory deprivation, chants,
thirst, heat, plants, and chemicals. The current favorite is the
chemical LSD, and the controversy surrounding its use is one of
the most interesting issues confronting our society. What makes it
so interesting is that its sponsors are the elite of society-the in-
tellectuals, artists, and youth. To appreciate the acceptance of
LSD today one need examine what motivated man to try to go
out ofhis mind during earlier generations.
For the primitive subcultures, fear and superstition were moti-
vations. There was the fear of gods, enemies, famine, disease,
failure, and the fear of extinction. I-Iallucinogens, provided the
helpless native with a means of acquiring supernatural powers
and hope for his future. They were a source ofstrength and power
for their leaders, witch doctors, priests, and prophets. They pro-
vided the tribe with a mystical ritual which meant that their
anxieties, frustrations, and guilt would be eased. The hallucino-
geiis were therefore a means of protection, a basis for unity, and
a measure to reduce pain and suffering.
Many of the trubes attributed the knowledge of the intoxicants
to messages from their gods. lt was only natural that the herbs
became a sacred substance. These 'ftheobotanicalsn created a
trance-like state, increased suggestibility, gave mystical powers to
their visionaries, were a means of identity, and served as a source
of cult unity. They cleared the mind for meditation and enhanced
Peyote cactus was the favorite of New World Indians while
opium and marijuana satished the European peasantry. For
centuries the psychobotanicals were primarily associated with
primitive cultures, the lower classes, and mystical cults. Perhaps
the first wave to rock the upper classes was created by Thomas
DeQuincey's "Confessions of an Opium Eater" in 1821. De-
Quincey was an eccentric Oxford scholar who insisted that the
search for euphoria, self-conhdence, and fulhllment could be
completed via the poppy. In fact he implied that it was the edu-
cated man who could best appreciate the "apocalypse of the
world within . .
The present involvement of youth with psychedelic drugs is
unique to the history of hallucinogens. One sociologist describes
the situation as being a breakdown of communication between
adults and youth. Another blames a crisis over sexual identity in
late adolescence. A purely economic explanation is that food and
shelter are readily available to modern youth and occupy so little
of his attention compared to youth before World War Il.
The specific reasons for taking the drugs are legion, but one
thing is certain, the movement is a rebellion against the values of
our society. lt is a revolution to establish freedom from restraint,
freedom to explore, and freedom to escape. It is mystical as well
as intellectual. And it is a romantically optimistic revolution be-
cause it holds that within one's consciousness there lies greatness.
The following five pages are presented more for the
readers' edyication and etnohyment than instruction.
Hrs! is an essay by Glenn Geelhoed dealing with an
aspect ff the physician-patient relationship. Next is a
piece by Dick Lewis on the Caduceusq in connection
with the paper, it should be noted that the emblem on
the 'yearbook cover is not the Caduceus, but the rod of
Aesculapius. The poem by Dr. Robert Green is re-
printed from the Sept.-Oct. issue of The University of
Michigan Medical Center Bulletin where it was pref-
aced by these words: "Reflections on the management
ff a patient with status asthmaticus presented in a post-
graduate course on chronic obstructive pulmonary
diseasef' The poem echoes the recurring theme of
Dr, Gosling's history course. The final two pages are
devoted to the Hippocratic oath: The first version of
the oath is a more literal translation rf the Greek than
the second which is the version used at commencement
exercises here. Sandwiched in between are Ralph
Sawyer's comnzents on the specyicity, universality,
and interpretation ff the oath.
Answer the Questioner-Not Simply the Question
Glenn W. Geelhoed
A frequently discussed dilemma in medical ethics is the ques-
tion "How much should the patient be told?". When a patient
asks a question regarding his health status and future, what should
form the limits ofthe reply? The inconsistencies in policy regard-
ing the approach to this problem reside, I believe, in an incorrect
focus. It is not the question that should be addressed in reply, but
In interchange of professional information with colleagues,
there is an orientation of "simply the facts, Ma'm"-answer the
question: no more, no less. From this crisp communication an
attitude is carried over to the patient that the patient's disembod-
ied question is an entity in itself. But questions do not ask them-
selves, they arise from the needs of persons. He who focuses on
the question and looks no further into the need that gave rise to
it has not satisfied that need, and is often deceived as to what in-
formation exchange occurs.
In the interpersonal communication that constitutes the pa-
tient-doctor relationship, questions nearly always are not what
they seem. What man, no matter what his medical sophistication,
who has fretted for weeks in frightened insomnia wants a light-
lipped reply to his heavy-hearted query "I wonder if the rectal
bleeding l've been having is serious?" Few of us pour out our
whole soul to anyone on nrst encounter, particularly in a hospi-
tal. Some of us know from personal experience that the complaints
we bring to professional attention are often the most trivial de-
tails overlying our gravest obsessions. But in consulting the phy-
sician, it is hoped that the unasked question will be answered
or that the healer will draw out unacknowledged fear and
comfort the sufferer.
A simply affirmative or negative reply is obviously the last
bit of information sought when a patient with advanced disease
asks with a grim smile, 'fWell doctor, will I live?" He is asking
the physician for hope, pleading that the sting may be taken away,
and looking for compassionate comfort in his failing struggle with
an irrational heartless disease. Similarly translated, the desparate
young girl who approaches a physician after a dozen subterfuges
with the plea 'fl want an abortion" is really pleading "I need
help." Specific demand for medical services is often an intellec-
tualization covering fear of helplessness, the underlying plea
being to do what is best to help the questioner.
The greatest teachers and physicians have always been aware
of the distinction between the superficial question asked and the
deeper level of the person's need in asking it. The Socratic meth-
od was essentially an unmasking of the reasons why questions
were asked to illumine the underlying real conflict that prompted
the abstract question. Christ saw beyond the questions brought to
him so that his followers went away illumined, not merely with
a reply. And when sophisticated leaders asked a carefully formu-
lated captious question, he ignored the question posed but replied
to the deeper conflict, thereby answering both, for: "they mar-
velled at his answer."l
The questions asked of a physician are not always candid ones
because of the mixed feelings the patient holds in respect to his
encounter with the physician:
The attitude of the patient approaching the doctor must
always be tinged-for the most part unconciouslyAwith
distaste and dread: its deepest desire will tend to be
comfort and relief rather than cure, and its faith and
expectation will be directed towards some magical
exhibition of these boons. Do not let yourselves believe
that however smoothly concealed by education, by rea-
son, and by confidential frankness these strong elements
may be, they are ever in any circumstances altogether
And, there is this additional bonus for the physician respon-
sive to the needs that give rise to the questions: too many ques-
tions cannot be answered, every questioner can.
l. Matthew 20:26, for Mark 12:17, or Luke 20:26.J
2. Wilfred Trotter in Harrison et al, Principles of I nternal
Medicine, 1962, p. 4.
One Snake or Two
Athenian coins dated from the third century B.C. show on
the reverse a short staff with a single serpent coiled about it and
on the obverse, the head of Aesklapius CAcsculapius in the Roman
traditionb. Therefore there can be no doubt that the authentic
Aesculapian emblem is a rough wooden cane of variable length,
more or less loosely entwined by a serpent with its head upper-
However, the familiar and popular emblem of medicine is
not this Aesculapian staff and serpent, but rather the caduceus.
This is ordinarily depicted as a short, slender wand, knobbed at
its upper end, bearing two extended wings attached near the top,
and symmetrically entwined by two small serpents whose heads,
uppermost, stretch toward one another.
The Latin etm'uceus is derived from the Greek kwfykeiml and
originally from lcwfyx, a "herald," the derivative thus meaning "a
ln Babylonian and Assyrian literature, Ningizzida for Ningish-
zidal, a deity of fertilization and fruitfulness, but also of healing,
functions as messenger of the Mother Goddess, Ishtar, to awaken
life and vegetation in the springtime. This harbinger and proto-
type of the Greek Hermes and the Roman Mercury is depicted
with a symbol consisting of a rod, two snakes symmetrically
twined around it, and two winged quadrupeds in prohle at the
edges. Omit the quadrupeds but leave the wings, and the tpyical
caduceus with two snakes appears. Even caducei from Egyptian
tradition show two snakes. Thus the caduceus with two snakes
far antedates that with one snake and should take precedence.
On the other hand, those who wish to relate modern medicine
directly to Hippocratic foundations may prefer one snake and
As is true in the mythology of all peoples and is apparent in
our own stories of johnny Appleseed and Paul Bunyon, all
deities derive multiple functions from numerous traditions and
legends. Hermes, it seems, was the messenger of Zeus, the patron
of fertility in plants and animals, the god of wind and air, patron
of commerce on land and sea, god of roads and travellers, god of
robbers, thieves and traitors, and guide of souls to Hades, In
his earliest days he was also a god of the home and hearth, and
as such had some healing attributes, Often he bears a caduceus
symbolic in his several functions.
The snake symbolized many ideas-wisdom, prudence, health,
long life fimplied in the rejuvenation evident in his ecdysisl and
also for anything in or under the ground. So Hermes carried
the snakes when he escorted the dead to the lower regions.
Interesting in this connection is that the Etruscan god of the
underworld, Aite Ca corruption of the Greek Hades? held in
his hand a simple rod around which one snake twined itself. What
was a Hippocratic caduceus to the Greeks was a Plutonic
caduceus to the Etruseans.
lt has been almost universally agreed that the authentic and
traditional emblem of medicine is the symbol of the Greek
patron god of healing, a rough staff and a single serpent. How-
ever, a provincial criticism of the caduceus with two snakes is
improper. The medical mind thinks of symbols as having a one-
to-one relationship with the objects they represent, such as a
However, those who study the nonscientihc aspects of sym-
bolism assume automatically that any symbol may have multiple
interpretations and that any concept may be expressed in a variety
of symbols. Thus, attempts to introduce this nonscientific use
of symbolism should expect to encounter the considerable solipism
ofthe medical profession.
the long shadows
the winding path
the tangled brush
into the dark forest of medieval England
and came out well.
O mystic age
And Withering looked
and tincture of bark
tartar of vitriol
theriac and mithridate
O dark time.
Withering thought, and pottered,
and tested, and measured.
Robert A. Green, M.D.
came, yet confident
to the shining tower
monument of scienc
and came out well.
O sparkling world
And I looked
and ether in oil.
water and sugar.
O golden age!
e, of order, of reason
or hear in
Musings on the Oath
The art and practice of medicine has matured in depth as sci-
entific knowledge has expanded in breadth imposing greater re-
sponsibilities for the health of mankind on the individual and
collective physician. Accompanying the growth of the physician
from ancient times have been numerous proposals for idealistic
aims to be held before him as a guide to his practice. With each
generation new problems and concerns are the stimuli for revisions
in one of the oldest and most revered of oaths, the Hippocratic
Oath. But in spite of the challenging appeals, it remains intact in
its content, and rightfully so. Its author unknown, its ideas at times
controversial, it, regardless, expresses the philosophy and ideals of
men and a culture which have formed and continue to influence
the thoughts of Western man. The admonitions contained within
the oath were never intended as laws to be held inviolate but as
a petition for the physician's involvement in human concerns,
retaining as most sacred the individuals decision based on his
own experience, philosophy, ethical judgment and wisdom. The
fulfillment follows not when men ascribe to a particular practice
but when they set before them ideals which are born out of their
own efforts and intellectual pursuits and are commensurate with
their understanding and ability. lt is the ideal of the oath that
merits immortality and not the words that clothe it. The mea-
sure of excellence, in ancient Greece, was not the practice of an
ethical principle itselfbut the individuals own interpretations and
self-realizations of that principle. Fulfillment is achieved with ad-
herence to ideas, by personal involvement in the anxieties, the
problems and the principles confronting men in our time and
by acting upon these "according to my ability and judgment."
Indeed, it is enough for well-intentioned men to establish
ideals rather than tethering pronounciations that change from
year to year and generation to generation with each alteration
ofexperience or impression in the physicians life.
THE HIPPQCRATIC CATH
Cversion used for medical school graduationl
'I do solemnly swear by that which I hold most sacred:
'That I will be loyal to the profession ofmedicine and
just andgenerous to its members,
'That I will lead my life andpractice my art in
uprightness and honor,'
'That into whatsoever house Ishall enter, it shall befor
the good ofthe sick to the utmost ofmy power,
I holding myselfalooffrom wrong, from corruption,
from the tempting ofothers to vice,'
'That I will exercise my art solelyfor the good ofmy
patients, and will give no drug, perform no operation
fora criminalpurpose, even ifsolicited,farless
'That whatsoever Ishall see or hear ofthe lives ofmen
which is notjitting to be spoken, I will keep
'These things I do promise and in proportion as I am
faithful to this my oath may happiness andgood
repute be ever mine-the opposite ifl shall be
forsworn. " .
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Dr. Alexander Barry
Dr. Roliert A. Green Dr. Albert C. Kerlikowske
Assistant Dean Director of University Hospital
Dr. Beverly C. Payne Miss Frances Davidson
Assistant Dean Registrar
Mr.joseph A. Diana,jr. Dr. Fredj. Hodges
Secretary to the Faculty Assistant to the Dean
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Pliske, D. Enlow
SECOND ROW4D. Strachan, P. Coyle, T. Fischer, Avery, j. Conklin, C. Votaw, A. Burdi, D. Huelke, T.
THIRD ROW-T. Oelrich, A. Floyd, B. Carlson, E. Lauer, A. Foley, ll, T. Sippel, W. Castelli, R. Koerker
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SECOND ROW-J. Kryvicky, R. Markle, M. Mafee, K. Levin, O. Martinen, l. Doroistkar, A. Lopez, S. Gomez
THIRD ROW-D. Han, R. Lutz, H. johnson, W. Birk, j. Kaczmarek, D. Wrighgj. Utsler
FRONT ROW-W. Lands, V. Nlassey,-I. Oncley, H. Christensen, M, Coon, D. Dziewiatkowski
ROW TWO-P. Dana, T. Riggs, L. Miller, N. Ressler,j. Shafer, I. Bernstein
ROW THREE-H, Elford, I. Goldstein, C. Williams, R. Kowalczyk, E. Dekker, G. Nordby, E. Napier
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FRONT ROW-R. Kahn, A. Curtis, E. Harrell iChairmanP, W. Taylor, L. Miedler
SECOND ROWvj. Voorhees, A. Wheeler, O. Welsh, F. Bocobo, L. Krugel, K. Doane, F. Botero
THIRD ROW-P. Wang, A. Niemer, G. Stoker, G. Kreye, A. Rudolphhl. Wilkins, T. Kohn R Zuehlke
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SECOND ROWfK. Wuu, D. Shrefller, R. Grifmh, C. Sing, R. Post, N. Chagnon, G. Kayajanian
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M. Lindenauerul. Turcotte
SECOND ROW!j, Winkler, R. Dow, C. Schmidt, W. Olsen, T. Herrmann, C. Crook,-I. Ludwick, R. Snyder, R.
Kerry, W, Foley
THIRD ROW-j. Curl, W. Beaver, B. Robinson, C, Michas, W. Wallin, R. Conn, T. Dent, R. Burney, R. Grem'
inger, H. Berkoff, H. Midgley, F. Lavanway, R. Woitalik,j. Bartlett, D. Freier
FOURTH ROW-R. Williams, K. Kirkland, M. Simon, D. Spengler, W. Mattson, L, Gray, D, Hildreth, P. Brown-
son, E. Carpenter, C, Youd, N. Feduska, j. Niederhuber, M. Sussman, L. Underwood
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THIRD ROW' W-IJ. Rovnur, R, Clrccn, G. Bolt: K. Henley, R, judgv, .I Cassidy, VV. Nlikkclsen, Floyd, D.
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W. Franck, C. Wheatley, A. Pedersen
SECOND ROW-R. Coe, R. Lockey, j. Frazier, L. Munchmeyer, M. Nemiroff, W, Shell, J. Stross, j. Lutz, C
Watts, S. R. Smith,j. Ladd, S, Wolfe, M. Santis,-I, Pappul. MacFarland, E. Raylield, P. Barlow, K, Miller
l THIRD ROWAH. Kennedy, D, Bizot, D, Raabe, R. Pardo,j. Yates, S. Rosenthal, T. Adclison,j. Curran, L, Hun-
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FRONI' ROWAA. johnson, F, Whitehouse, jr., W. Nungester lChairmanJ, R. Olsen, R. Frctcr, D, Merchant,
SECOND ROW-N, Holmgren, G. Fcarnehough, N. Harvic, M. Talmadgc, L, Paradise, R. Haines, D. Garrixon
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SECOND ROW-R. Davls,j. I"lUdSOI1,cr.VL1I1dCfAfk,l'i.crUSCh, W.W21rmz1th, R. Uyham
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SECOND ROW-U. Goebelsman, j, Schneider, K. Doil,
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SICCUND ROW-YC. Newton, K. Nluswn, I". S2lSKill'I121ll,jl'., R. Cluld:m11th. B. Fruch, K. Burms, lf, Sundcrhuus,
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SECOND ROW-L. Stilp, D. Heaps, Kjacobsen, S. Davis, D. Louis, L.M:1tthews
THIRD ROW-C, Canty, F. Herbcrtson, C. Schock, T. McDonnell, 'l'. Niiskovsky, D. Lincoln
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Miller. N. Olson
SECOND ROW-'lf Clack, j. Werth, R. Thiltgcn, L. VVincgar, W. Harris, D. Hecht, F. Wasylenki, C. Hendry,
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THIRD ROW-G. Smith, C. Hamel, A. Keaton, DI. Mcfiirinis, R. Komorn, M. Strome, W. Miles, M. Newman,
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SECOND ROW-B. jenkins, D. Kaump, C. Schlecte, B. Naylor, D. Vague, M. Marshall, Bishop, H. ltabashi,
A. Midgley, M. Abell, F. Smith, R. Nishivama
THIRD ROW: P. Nakanc, N. Ressler, G. Pierce, E. Liltlcr, R. Hulett, H. Oberman, H. Kallet, G. Ab-
rams, G. Brody, L. Weatherbee, j. Batsakis, B. Schnitzer, P. Gikas, F. Holtz
FOURTH ROWYV. Guirerrez, T. johnson, P. Rawson, -I. Nosanchuk, Shilling, H. Brazil, P. Cwruskin, M.
Herrell, B. Friedman, W. Fidlcr, L. Rosati,j. Conklin, T. Dicke, R. Barr
FIFTH ROW-L. Loesel, M. Soiderer, V. Garry, W. Helwig, T. Beals, N. Lawson, M. Cohen, D. Turn-
bull, T. Meadows, E. Farber, M. Leahy, P. Giesen, D. Siders, P. Gimher, W. Hart
... - xl?
FRONT ROW-H. Liu, G. DeMuth, Sigmann, E. Watson, R. Holland, W
Oliver fChairmanD, A.V. Hennessy, D. Dickinson, R. Strang, R. Allen
SECOND ROWfR. Heyn, E. Woodard, M. Roloff, P. O'Connor, L. Paskevi-
cius, j. Knelson, C. Inniss, S. Chan, R. Kelch, L. Valdez, M. Spencer,j. Stark, E
Dolanski, E. Doberstyn, A. Stern, N. Endo
THIRD ROW-A. Marlin, D. Roloff, R, Luttmann, j. Light, j. Swaney, D
Tubergen, C. Owings, B. Perry, W. Howatt, S. Koeff,-I. Gall, R. Kelsch, G. Bac
on, W. Bremerul. Baublis, M. Degnan
FRONT ROW-E. Domino, L. Beck, M. Seevers lChairmanD, E. Carr, B. Lucchesi, C. Hug
SECOND ROW-K. Matsusaki, T. Tephly, M. Shafii,j.johnson, R. Ruddon, A. Von Baumgarten, T. lwami, M.
Miyasaka, T. Oka
THIRD ROW-Y. Nakai, j. Villarreal, C. Schuster, W. Baird, C. Smith, E. Hvidberg, C. lnniss, M, Hitomi, H.
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FRONT ROW-K.jochim,,I. Bean, I. Fritz, H. Davenport lChairmanJ, R. Malvin, L. Rutledge, B. Cohen
SECOND ROW-j. Sherman, A. Vander, T. Northrup, N. Beatty, C. Seidel, D. Munro, K. Dennis
THIRD ROWAR, McVaugh, j. Schafer, D. Roberts, C-Y Lee, W. Steinberger, L. Maxwell, N-S Chu, M. Blick,
P. Korty, M. Richards
FOURTH ROW-j. Augenfield, R. Murphy, A. Fertziger, j. Faulkner, j. Bonjour, P. Rondell, H. Sparks, D.
Luciano, P. Churchill, D. Thompson, j. Ranck, P. Abbrecht,-I. Hysell, B. Betley, j. Konen
Physical Medicine gl Rehabilitation
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FRONT ROW-l.. Bundcnj. RaeiChairmanJ,C1. Kocpkc, E. Smith
SECOND ROW ' K. Nlurz1karn1,C. Komen, l-1, lidmond. D. VanBrucklin
FRONT ROVV f S. Axelrod, ll. Mugnuwn. M. Wbgnian QChairmanb, lf. Moore
ROVV 'liVVU A. llcnmssy, B. Dinman, D. Sfllllli, V. Dodson. l.. Nlicdlcr, A. lJKll11llJCdl3H,K. Cochran, l. Bernstein
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FRONT ROW-W. Crabb, R. Dingman fChairmanD, R. Oneal
SECOND ROW-j. Chapple, R. Seaton. F. Wilms, H. Ramos, E. Constant
. 5 v
FRONT ROW-P. Margolis, M. Seltzer, R. Waggoner fChairmanD, S. Finch, H. Schmale, A. Rapoport
SECOND ROW-j. Rogers, B. Bagehi, S. Harrison, M. Blumenthal, A. Watson, H. Coppolillo,j. Pollard, T. Cross
THIRD ROW-M. Brandwin, A. Guiora, W. Hendrickson, S. Kwass, Zrull, M. Shearer, E. Boles, D. Bostian
FOURTH ROW-R. Heine, T. Ziegler, S. Woollams,j. Tweedy, R. Ging, C. Davenport, W. Vanl-Iouren, S. Mar-
is A as P ii
FRONT ROW-A. Kittleson, P. Hoskins, P. Scholtens, j. Fayos, R. Rapp, j. Holt, W. Whitehouse CChairmanb,
H. Fischer, A. Lalli, C. Simons, L. Griewski
SECOND ROW-C. Cole, N. Komar,j. Crane, L. Lim, W. Solis, N. Rothheld, Y. Ting, F. Patterson, F. Pauli, W.
Berry, W. Straub, N. Moscow,-I. Dwyer, T. Carter, B. Sitterlfy, H. Pollock
THIRD ROWfN. Mavis, C. Kanellitsas, H. Cohn,-I.jagodzinski,j. Edwards, D. Newman, P. Reveno, S. Kaye,
B. Bates,j. Edlung,j. Rytting, L. Taylor, R. McArtor, K. Fellows, A. Durkin
i M X' S2 .N izz N .
FRONT ROW-S. Vathayanon,j. Morris, C. Haight Cilhairmanb, H. Sloan, D. Kahn
SECOND ROW-K, Oberheu, Y. Wu, L. Anastasia, N. Parson, Turney, A. Muldcr,j. McHale, M. Kirsh
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FRONT ROW-CY. Changul. Cerny, R. Nesbit, Lapides, R. Dorr
SECOND ROW-T. Koyanagi,-I. Konnak, D. Skeelhl. Hall, G. Emmert, T. Southwellul. Gutierrez, Mr. Gill
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CLASS OF 1968
WALTER L. FAGGETT, B.S.,M.D.
Howard Universityg Central State
College: Student Health Organization
CChairmanJg Galensg Victor Vaughang
TbcPtzem1g Phi Chit SAMA Council
PAUL V. QUINN, M.S., M.D.
Universitv of Notre Dameg U ofMg
Class Treasurer ljuniorbg Galensg
Victor Vaughang Glee Clubg SAMA
NAOMI RAPPORT, M.D.
U ofMg Class Secretary ljuniorl
RONALD D. MULDER, B.A., M.D.
Western Michigan University: Class
Vice-president ljuniorlg Galensg
Victor Vaughang SAMA Council CSoph.
SAMA REPRESENTATIVES HONOR COUNCIL
ARTHUR W. ALLEN,-lr., B.S.,M.D.
U ofMg Nu Sigma Nu
jAMES B. ADAMS, BS., M.D.
Central Michigan Univcrsityg Phi Chi
HHRNAN ALVAREZ, lll, M.D.
U ofM, AOA, Carl Wcllcr Award
Ol,U,IlMI ADIGUN, B.A., M.D.
MARY O. ANDER5ON,M.D.
DENIQ R ALIX M D
U ofM: Galens
RUSSl.l.l. ANDERSON, B.S,l.., M.S.P.,, M.D
U ol M4 Phi Chi
ANA ANDERSON-IMBERT, B.A., M.S., M.D.
RONALD j. BARNHART, B.A.,M D
U ofMg Phi Rho Sigma
STEPHEN j. AUGUST, M.D.
U of Mg Nu Sigma Nu
JOSEPH F. BARON, M.D.
E. JOHN BAGALE, M.D.
U ofMg Phi Chi
DONALD E. BEAUDOlN,B.A.
University of Notre Dameg
Victor Vaughang SAMA Councilg
1968 Aequanimitas CEditorD
MICHAEL BAGHDOIAN, B.S.,M.D.
Wayne State University
JACK L. BERMAN, B.S., M.D.
U of Mg Galensg Victor Vaughan
WILLIAM D. BLESSING,B.S.,M.D.
ROBERT L. BREE, M.D.
Muhlenberg Collegeg Phi Delta Epsilon
RICHARD A. BOND, B.A., M.D.
Pomona Collegeg U of Mg
Honor Council CFreshmanDg Phi Rho Sigma
LEE R. BRITTON, B.S., M.D.
Michigan State Universityg
Victor Vaughanq Phi Chig
LYNN G. BORCHERT, B.CH.E., M.D.
Ohio State Universityq Glee Club
NANCY L. BROWN, B.S., M.D.
WILLIAM j. BOYKO, B.S., M.D.
Wayne State Universityg AOA
STUART W. BRUST, M.D.
U of Mg Phi Chi
MARILYN j. BULL, BS., M.D.
Michigan State University: AEI
HENRY CEVALLOS, B.A,, M.D.
Ferris State College, U ofMg Phi Chi
ROBERT G. BULTEN, B.S., M.D.
Christian Medical Society
KENNETH B. CHEW, B.A., M.D
San Francisco, California
University of California, Berkeley,
THOMAS C. BURK, BS., M.D,
Michigan State University
DAVID C. CHRlSTY,M.D.
U of M
PETER E. CARMODY, M.D.
Albion College, Phi Chi
CHARLES E. CLARK,M.D.
LESLIE A. COLEMAN, M.D.
U of Mg Class Secretary CFreshmanDg AEI
GARY E. CRAWFORD, BS., M.D.
Liberty Center, Ohio
U of Mg SAMA Councilg Phi Chig
Class Secretary CSophomoreD
MICHAEL P. COLLINS,B.A,,M.D.
Fort Wayne, Indiana
CHARLES DANEK, B,A., M.D.
Flushing, New York
Columbia Collegeg Phi Chi
MICHAEL S. COOPERSTOCK, B.A., M.D.
CHARLES E. DARLING,jR., B.A.,M.D
Yale Universityg Nu Sigma Nug
Honor Council CFreshman and Sophomorel
HAROLD K. COUNTS,jR.,B.S.,M.D.
U of Mg Phi Chi
JACK O. DERKS, B.A., M.D.
Hope Collegeg Phi Alpha Kappag
Glee Club, Christian Medical Society
THOMAS R. DERLETH,B.S,,M.D.
U ofMg Victor Vaughan
CALVIN j. DYKSTRA, B.A., M.D.
Hope Collegeg Phi Alpha Kappa
RICHARD DIETERLE, B.A., M.D.
U ofMg Phi Rho Sigma
HARRY D. FABER, B.A., M.D.
Christian Medical Society
DAVID H. DRACHLER, B.S., M.D.
U ofMg Victor Vaughang Phi Delta Epsilon
CLIFTON F. FERGUSON, M.D.
U ofMg Phi Rho Sigmag AOA
BRUCE D. DRAGOO, MD.
U of Mg AOA
BERNARD W. FOGEL, B.S., M.D
U of Mg Galensg Phi Rho Sigma
ALLEN FONG, B.A., M.D.
Duke Universityg Indiana University
STEVEN N. GERVAE, B.A., M.D.
Northern Michigan University
THEODORE j. GAENSBAUER, B.A., M.D.
THEODORE A. P. GOLDEN, M.D.
GLENN W. GEELHOED, B.A., B.S., M.D.
Calvin Collegeg Victor Vaughan CPresidentDg
Tbe Paeon CEditorDg Glee Clubg AOAg
Student Affairs Committeeg Phi Alpha Kappa
RICHARD K. GOULD, M.D.
Albion Collegeg U of Mg Nu Sigma Nu
SALLY E. GEELHOED, B.S., M.D.
U of Mg Victor Vaughanp SAMA Councilg
Carl Weller Awardg AElg AOA
ROBERT A. GREEN,M,D.
Port Huron jr. Collegeg U of Mg
Phi Rho Sigma
JONATHAN M. GREGORY, B.A., M
University of New Hampshire
JAMES L. HA
ROGER j. GREKIN, B.S.,M.D.
Victor Vaughan. AOAg Phi Delta Epsilon
LL, B.A., M.D.
gea Phi Chi
ANDREW j. HANKINS,jR. B.A M D
University of low
OLIVER D. GRIN,jR., BS., M.D.
Delta Collegeg Michigan State University:
ag Phi Delta Epsilon
jAMES M. HARKEMA, B.A.,M D
GARY S. GUTTERMAN, M.D.
U of Mg Phi Delta Epsilon
U of M
DENNIS L. HAVENS,B.S.,M.D.
University of Chicagog U of Mg
Galens, Victor Vaughanp Phi Rho Sigmag
Class President CSophomore and juniorbg
Student Council President CSeniorD
KAY HERZOG, B.A., M.D.
Highland Park, Illinois
Smith Collegeg AEI
LARRY E. HEATH, BA., M.D.
Michigan Technological Universityg
U of Mg Phi Rho Sigma
GEORGE W. HESS, D.D.S., M.D.
U of Mg Phi Chig Victor Vaughan
FREDERICK B. HEBERT, BA., MD.
U of My Phi Rho Sigma
ROBERT A. HIATT, B.A., MD.
U of Mg Victor Vaughang
Class Treasurer CSophomoreD
ROBERT T. HENSEL,B.S.,M.D.
St. Clair Shores
Alma Collegeg Phi Chi
MICHAEL L. HINNEN, B.S.,M.D
U ofMg Victor Vaughang AOA
ROBERT M, HIRSCHFELD, M.D.
Massachusetts Institute of Tech nology
LICIC F. HURSHMAN, B.A.,M,D
W'estern Reserve University: AOA
DON D. HODGES, M.D.
Grosse Pointe Farms
L' of Mg Glee Cluh
ROGER L. HYBELS, M.D.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Class Treasurer CFreshmanDg Phi Chi
JOHN F. HOLCOMB, B.A., M.D.
Northwestern Universityg Glee Club
PAUL A. INSEL, M.D.
Silver Spring, Maryland
George Washington University g
Phi Delta Epsilon, AOA CPresidentDg
WILLIAM A. HOWARD, B.S., M.D,
U of Mg Victor Vaughang Phi Rho Sigmag AOA
PETER L. ISAAC, B.A., M.D.
U of Mg Flint junior Collegeg
Phi Rho Sigma
jOHN j. jACISIN, B.S., M.D.
Michigan Technological University:
U ofMg Phi Rho Sigma
THOMAS M. KEATING, B.A., M.D
Georgetown Universityg Nu Sigma Nu
FREDERICK L. jARDON, M.D.
THOMAS F. KENNEDY, M.D.
St. Louis, Missouri
U ofMg Phi Rho Sigma
jANET B. jENSEN, B.S.,M.D.
U ofMg AEI
ROBERT B. KEYSER, B.A., M.D.
Kalamazoo Collegeg Phi Rho Sigma
DAVID A. jUNGE, M.D.
jackson junior Collegeg U of M
jAMES KOSS, B.S.,M.D.
Wayne State University
RICHARD L. KREUZER, B.A., M.D.
Calvin Collegeg AOAQ
Christian Medical Society
VICTOR B. LEBEDOVYCH, M.D
JOHN D. KUCERA, M.D.
U of Mg Phi Rho Sigma
ROBERT E. LEE, M.D.
Western Michigan University- Phi Chi
SAMA Councilg 1968 Aequanimitas
RICHARD L. LAM, M.D.
U ofMg Phi Rho Sigma
ROBERT G. LEE, B.A., M.D.
U ofMg Galensg Phi Delta Epsilon
RICHARD j. LEACH,B.A.,M.D.
JOHN D. LIPSON, M.D.
U ofMg Galens Foreign Fellowshipg
Christian Medical Societyg AOA
RICHARD W. LIVESAY, M.D.
Michigan State Universityg Phi Chig
Victor Vaughang SAMA Council
IAMES O. MCNAMARA, B.A., M.D
Marquette Universityg AOA
DONALD C. LOGAN, M.D.
Michigan Technological Universityg
U of Mg AOA
jOHN C. MAIZE, M.D.
Tenafly, New jersey
U of Mg AOA
REUEL S. LONG, B.A., M.D.
Flint junior Collegeg U of M CFlintD
ROBERT G. MALLEN,B,S.,M.D.
DANIEL E. McGUNEGLE,M.D,
Albion Collegeg Nu Sigma Nu
DAVID B. MALLORY, M.D.
U of Mg Wayne State University
ENN MANNARD, B.A., M.D.
WILLIAM L. MEENGS,B.A.,M.D
Hope Collegeg AOA
PETER A. MARKS, BS-, M.D.
FRANK A. MELICHAR, MD,
North Riverside, Illinois
U ofMg Phi Chi
ROBERT G. MATTHEWS, B.A., M.D.
Kalamazoo Collegeg Victor Vaughang AOA
MICHAEL j. MILLER,B.A.,M.D.
Michigan State University
FREDERICK M. MAYNARDHIR., B.A., M.D.
U of Mg AOA, Glee Club
BRIAN D. MOHR,M.D.
U of Mg AOA
SCOTT E. MONROE, M.D.
BRUCE T. MULLER, B.A,, M,D.
Calvin Collegeg Phi Alpha Kappa
DROGO K. MONTAGUE,M.D.
U of M
MARSHALL D. NATHAN, M.D.
U of Mg Phi Delta Epsilon
CHARLES R. MOORE, M.D.
Northwestern Universityg Galensg
ANNE F. OOSTENDORP,B.A.,M.S.,M.D.
Calvin Collegeq U of Mg AOAQ
Christian Medical Society
WILLIAM E. MOSHER, III, B.A., M.D.
Williams Collegeg Nu Sigma Nu
P. TERRENCE O'ROURKE, B.S., M.D.
Georgetown Universityg Nu Sigma Nug
JACK H. PALDI, B.A,, M.D.
NORMAN L. POLLAK, M,D.
U 0fMg Phi Delta Epsilon
DENNIS B. PHELPS, M.D.
U ofMg Class President CFreshman7g
Honor Council Qjumor and Sophomorebg
ROBERT C. POSEY, M.D.
U ofMg Phi Chig
Class Vice-President fFr6Shman and Sophomore?
GARY R. PIERCE, B.A., M,D.
U ofMg Phi Delta Epsilon
D. POTTER, B.S.M.E., M D
U ofMg Henry Ford-Iunior Collegeg
General Motors Institute
CHARLES B. PIERSON, B.S.. M.D.
Michigan Technological University g
Christian Medical Society
PROCHAZKA, B.S., M.D
LEONARD L. RADECKI, M.D.
DALE H. RICE, M.D.
Western Reserve Universityg Phi Chi
-IAMES G. RAVIN, B.A.,M.D.
U of M. Galensg Victor Vaughanz
Phi Delta Epsilon
HARRY RICHTER, II, BS., M.D
U of M, Nu Sigma Nu
DANIEL A. REID,B.S.,M.D.
Michigan State University.
STEVEN P. RINGEL,M.D.
U of Mg Victor Vaughng AOA
RALDON H. RETTER, B.A., M.D.
DAVID H. RIPPER,jR.,B.A.,M.D.
Grosse Pointe Park i
University of Cincinnatig
Michigan State Universityg Phi Chi
CHARLES R. ROBINSON, B.S., M.D.
U of M, Galensq Victor Vaughan, Phi Chi
jOHN C. ROWE, M.D.
Michigan Technological University,
Christian Medical Society
JOHN R. ROGERS,B.A.,M.D.
Albion College, Galensg AOA,
Phi Rho Sigma
ROBERT S, SALAMON,M.D.
U of M, AOA
STANLEY j. ROSENBERG,M.D.
U ofM, Phi Delta Epsilon, SAMA Council
CHARLES SAVOCA, B.A., M.D
Dartmouth College, Nu Sigma Nu
DAVID j. ROSENSWEET, B.S., M.D.
Wayne State University
RALPH A. SAWYER, B.S., M.D.
U of Mg Honor Council CSeniorD,
SAMA Council, 1968 Aequanimitas,
ROBERT C. SCHNEIDER,B.A.,M.D.
Ripon College, Phi Rho Sigma
HOWARD A SEIDER M.D.
U ofMg Galensg Nu Sigma Nu
DIRK j. SCHOLTEN, B.A., M.D.
Grinnell Collegeg Phi Chi
ALAN A. SEMlON,M.D.
U of M
THOMAS C. SCHULTZ,B.A.,M.D.
Albion Collegeg Nu Sigma Nu
FRANK T. SERRATONI, B.A., M.D.
Yale Universityg Carl Weller Awardg AOA
.IAMES E. SEABOLD,B.S.,M,D.
Michigan State University
JAMES B. SEWARD,B.S.,M.D.
Hillsdale Collegeg Phi Chi
KATHERINE A. SHAFFER, B.A., M.D.
DePauw Universityg AElg SAMA Secretary
CSophomoreJg SAMA Regional Secretary
Cjuniorbg 1967 and 1968 Aequanimitax
EDWARD C. SLADEK,B.S.,M.D.
PHILLIP B. SHEPARD, M.D.
DAVID j. SOFFA, M.D.
Wayne State Universityg
Phi Delta Epsilon
IOHN W. SHIELDS, B.S., M.D.
Denison Universityg U of Mg Phi Chi
MICHAEL A, STECKER, BS., MD.
DANIEL M. SILVER, M.D.
U of Mg Phi Delta Epsilong AOA
ZSUZSI IRENE STELTZER, BS., M.D
Muskegon Community College, U of M,
AEIQ SAMA Secretary fjuniorl
EDWIN LEE STOCK, B.A.,M.D.
Paris Conservatory of Musicg
University of Pittsburg
ROBERT E. TIGELAAR, B.A., M,D.
Hope Collegeg Galensg Victor Vaughanq
Nu Sigma Nug AOA
RANDALL W. STRATE,B.S.,M.D.
Michigan State Universityg Phi Rho Sigma
ROBERT j. TOUMAJIAN, M.D.
COLIN T. SUTHERLAND, B.S., M.D.
University of Notre Dame
ELIZABETH E. UHLMANN, B.S., M.D.
Michigan State Universityg AElg
Christian Medical Society
JAMES H. THRALL, B.A., M.D.
U of Mg Victor Vaughan
DAVID W. VANDER VLIET,B.S.,M.D.
Calvin Collegeg Phi Alpha Kappa
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CHARLES H. VEURINK, B.A., M.D.
Hope Collegeg Phi Rho Sigma
MARY GRACE WARNER-DUNLOP,M.D.
University of Detroitg AEI
RICHARD C. VOLLRATH,M.D.
Albion Collegeg SAMA Councilg
Phi Rho Sigma
MARVIN A. WAYNE, M.D.
U of Mg Phi Delta Epsilon
ALBERT E. VOSSLER, II, B.A., M.S., M.D.
Eastern Michigan University
RICHARD A. WElSER,B.A.,M.D.
.IOHN R. VYDARENY, B.A., M.S., M.D.
Albion Collegeg University of Illinoisg
Phi Rho Sigma
jOHN E. WHALEN, B.S., M.D.
U ofMg Nu Sigma Nu
JAMES L. WIEGERINK, B.A., M.D.
Hope Collegeg Phi Alpha Kappa
DON B. ZANOTTI,B.A.,M.D.
Kalamazoo Collegeg Phi Rho Sigma
ELLIOT M. WOLF,B.A-,M.D.
U of M
MORITZ M. ZIEGLER,B.S.,M.D.
Capital Universityg Victor Vaughang
Honor Council CChairmanDg Glee Club
CHARLES j. WOODS, B.S.,M.P.H.,M.D.
U of Mp Phi Chi
PATRICIA A. ZIEL, B.A., M.D.
Lancaster, New York
U of Mg State University of New York
jERALD A. YOUNG. B.S., M.D.
U of Mg Phi Delta Epsilon
MARIS ZUIKA, B.A., M.D.
Western Michigan University
CLASS OF 1969
Gary Artinian joseph Luciano Judy Lieberman David Stulberg
President Vice-President Secretary Treasurer
SAMA REPRESENTATIVES HONCR COUNCIL
Gary Artinian Larry Marshall Louis Argenta
Dennis Assenmacher Harry Schlosser William Wright
Duane Betts joel Schneider
Larry Graber Bill Vanderbelt
Frank jones jerry Weiskofp
31935 ' -ii
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Peter Amene john Amerilcs Judith Andrews Robert Aprekar Louis Argenta
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Dennis Assenmacher Eric Austad Ruth Backus Phillip Badrg Louis Balkgny Larry Ba,-enhghz
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james Baril janet Baum
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james Breckenfeld Larkin Breed Robert Bridge Daniel Britton Arlin Brown
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Richard Bulrman Tim0Ihy Burton Carol Campbell Robert Caswell Kenneth Chamberlain Louis Chappell
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Medicine rounds in Ann Arbor
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Thomas VW oodworth
CLASS OF 19 O
CLASS OFFICERS lLeft to Righti-Treasurer, Richard Proctorg Vice-President, Newton Osborneg President,
james Hargerg Secretary, Maria Kabalin.
joel Nlorga nroth
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Much ado about nothing?
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Don Childs M, Chobanian Bob Clark
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Hmm. . .sounds like a good test question.
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Alan Dopp Tom Downham
Denis Evans Linda Figen
Don't worry. It won't be on the test.
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Going to lab today? Bob Gmiff Randall Green
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Larry RiChm2lIl Better explain it again. He even looks retarded. C. Rigas
M. Robertson Ann Rogerg
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Howard Shapiro Paul Sheng
Donald Smith Robbins and Anderson didn'r even mention it.
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Dick VanK0lken Have you read all that's assigned in Crosby?
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CLASS OF 19 1
Dennis Davidson, Presiden
jack Bartlett Tim Kaiser
Steve Benz Haffy LUbCISky
Mike Dawson Laffy' Tate
tg Robert Palmer, Vice-Presidentg Ruth Taipala, Secretaryg George Anderson, Treasurer
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ROW l j Archer, V. Soret, W. Werenick, S. Geelhoed, M. Kabalin. ROW 2-C. D'Amato, M Bull C Voegt
line M Warner-Dunlop, O. Campbell, S. Rollefson, K. Mclntosh. ROW 3fE. Uhlmann, Z. Steltzer R Haydu
Curran L johnston, K. Herzog, K. Shaffer,j. Pagano, C. Clayton.
Alpha Epsilon Iota is the woman's medical sorority at the
University of Michigan. We were founded here in Ann Arbor in
1 898 to provide a home in which woman medical students could
live comfortably and study effectively. Important then, and even
more so now to our active membership of thirty-five, is the
warmth and encouragement the girls derive from working to-
gether. This includes keeping the study files current, pulling every-
one through exams, putting on faculty dinners, evening soirees,
showers, and the big spring cocktail party. Our home on Fuller
Road certainly offers a memorable and enjoyable sojourn for
woman physicians in training.
Mary Grace Warner-Dunlop '68
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Row One-S, Hershey, McCauley, A. Rahtar,j, Foster, T. Hicks, B. Taylor, M, Maquire, K, Reilly, Row Two-
T. O'Rourke, D. McGunegle, C. Darling, P. Woolley, D. Rapport, T. Krausen, B. Clark, S. Wilkis, T. Miller, H.
Richter. Row ThreeAD. Newman, S. Benz, F. Whinery, Mosher, l. Carson, Monti, E. Dunn, S. George, G.
Krick, R, Gaston, R, Shepherd, Lootens. Row Four-M. Allen, Breckenfield, R. llvonen, G. Higgie, T. Cooper,
P. Swanson, P. Dekker, A, Manoli,j. Wicks, C. Savoka, D. Harnedek.
On a scenic bluff overlooking Ann Arbor's Apian Way
rests an aged mansion, symbolic of a beauty and grace of by-
gone times. Built in 1906 and in the sure process of destruc-
tion since, the Nu Sigma Nu house has long been one ofthe
city's landmarks, and occasionally one of her eyesores. Still
there remains within the hygenic house of healers an undeni-
ably innocent charm and boyish warmth uneroded by the
ravages of time and former members. Even the red carpet,
renowned at TG's and parties for years remains a vibrant
receptacle for a hundred thousand cigarett butts.
In the wake of the health departments culturing an un-
known organism in the kitchen, the dining room's former
classic decor-early 20th century abortionAmetamorphosed
into modern Bimb0's, replete with soft lighting, intimate tables
and a 500 decible juke box. Despite persistant attempts to air
condition the second floor with a radiator battering ram, that
level has remained intact. Coffee and other beverages are now
on tap to sharpen the analytical minds of scholars relaxing
in the L'On Call" room. The most important change, how-
ever, will be accomplished this spring when new traditions
will begin with the ground breaking for a new house on the
banks ofthe seldom flowing Huron.CSICD
Tony Krausen '69
X Q iffy?"-, '71
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ROW 1-G. Whitaker, j. Collins, D. Taylor, Dirty Dick, j. Curran, L, Thompson, H. Amoe, D, Wheeler, G.
Crawford. ROW 2fD. Harrington, D. Scholten, Cowan, D. Gussin, McDowell, R. Anderson, j. Hall, B,
Self, j. Wright, L. Nelson, R. Smith, A. Ogawa. ROW 3-D. Barley, K. Counts, D. Livesay, SA Brust,j. Rybock,
A. Hilgenberg, j. Hall, S. Wallace, D. McDonnell, J. Lacey, G. Henry, C. Woods, j. Kaiser. ROW 4-H. Speil,
H. Harger, B. Stone, C. O'Dell, joe College, E. Gaumgartel, S. Szwalek, R. Proctor, B. Phillips, j. DeLoge, B.
Wiley, j. Seward, N. Osborne, E. Carlson, B, Shields, B. Hensel, H. Miller, D. Stuhberg, j. Pascoe, G. Hess.
ROW 5-S. Eisinger, A. Krudy, B. Lee, Calkins, j. Zeldenrust, B. Doebler, W. Armstrong, E. Peterson, D.
Davidson, T, Chappell, D. Assenmacker, A. Gulick, B. Grace, A. Dopp, R. Kelty,j. Bagale, R. Foster, L. Kreugar.
The past year at Phi Chi has seen steady progress made in each of our three major under-
takings. As a professional fraternity we have sought to provide a forum for informal faculty-
student contact. Recent guests at our informal Wednesday evening programs have given us
some insight into the practice of medicine at home as well as abroad in Africa and Vietnam.
As a fraternity for medical students we have sought to strengthen our education and that of
our fellow students. Our note system with its new offset printing machine is providing high
quality notes for all formal lectures. Living at Phi Chi in our modern facilities for both single
and married students continues to provide an invaluable opportunity for interchange of ideas
and fellowship in a common endeavor. Finally, as a fraternity, we have sought to make medi-
cal school a more bearable experience. Whether it be long evenings spent at our parties, a few
minutes relaxation in the sun on our lawn overlooking the Huron River and Arboretum, or a
fast game of pool on our new table, everyone finds some means of relief from the pressures of
medical school. We look forward to the completion of the hard surface court in our backyard
which will provide expanded facilities for our athletic and social programs.
lt is our hope that as a fraternity we have made the medical school experience more valu-
able and enjoyable for both ourselves and our classes.
james L. Hall '68
i 1 . lf!
Home Sweet Home
Cue ball in the side pocket.
The angle of Louis-
When was the last time you had a good slug of red pop? Phi Chi notes: the lifeblood ofthe medical school
PHI DELT EP ILO
Front Row Qleft to RightDAR. Berlin, R. Kaprove, S. Rosenberg, M. Epstein, W. Rosewater, N. Winkleman, A. Sug-
ar. Second RowfT. Millman, R. Schore, G. Friedlander, R. Green, M.D., M. Wayne CPresidentJ, M. Stulberg, T.
Bergman, M.D., P. Pevin, M.D., H. Cohen, M.D., L. Stocker, M.D. Third Rowell. Chern, D. Klegon, R. Weitz-
man, j. Herman, K. Weissman, A. Schmerler, D. Soffia, j. Weiskopf, M. Nathan, D. Drachler, R. Bree, R. Cohen,
A. Mindlin, L. Birndoff, M.D. Fourth Row!M. Salon, H, Lubetsky, R. Rossen, Mattes, R. Lee, G. Gutterman, F.
Rosenwach, M.D., E. Atler, C. Hamberger, L. Handelman,j. Ravin.
Since its founding in 1904, Phi Delta Epsilon has estab-
lished local chapters at over 40 medical schools throughout
the United States and Canada in addition to a similar number
of graduate clubs in key cities across the country. More than
20,000 men have made PDE a richly rewarding part of their
professional and fraternal lives.
At the local level the emphasis is on providing a setting con-
ducive to academic excellence and the highest of moral and
ethical standards within a framework of social, athletic and
cultural opportunities. The special needs of the freshmen are
met by a group of upperclassmen eager to counsel, a mock
practical exam in anatomy, a library and extensive exam Hle.
A full calendar of parties, TG's and frequent banquets is made
even more successful through the efforts of an active wives
club, participation in intramural sports, plus an annual lec-
tureship, all these make for an exciting schedule.
Current planning for a new house has brought the Detroit
Graduate Club and the National group close to Ann Arbor's
Omega Chapter. The fraternity's Foundation also provides for
annual scholarship prizes, service awards, student loan funds,
assistance in post-graduate educational opportunities, a place-
ment and advisory committee, a group insurance program
and funds for the local lectureship programs.
Many distinguished members ofthe U of M medical faculty
are included in the graduate population. Honorary members
in the Ann Arbor area include Reuben L. Kahn, M.D.,
Professor Emeritus of Serology, and Samuel j. Behrman, M.
D., Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Omega has been
especially fortunate in receiving the guidance and companion-
ship of Robert A. Green, M.D., Associate Professor of lnternal
Medicine, Assistant Dean of the Medical School and faculty
sponsor ofOmega Chapter.
Gary E. Friedlaender '69
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PHI RHO IGMA
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Row One-B. Carr, D. Bradley, G. Grenzke, P. Fujiwara, S. Woolson, P. Stephens. Row Two4-I. Bonner, A.
Daugavietis, N. Keats, B. Walker, W. Davolt, M. Williams, M. Rothbart, H. Forman, S. Chase, Guess Who? Row
Three-R. Lamkin, L. Argenta, B. Locke, M. Garcia, D. LeGolvan, Dr. Anderson, Dr. McLean, R. Vollrath.
Row Four-D. Taisch, B. Youngman, D. VanKolkan, E. Austad, B. Gelston, S. Dudek, D. Merriman, H. Caesar,
K. Kriseimer, D. Hoogerland, M. Stawiski, T. McBurney, M. Bodley, R. Hebert, B. Green, M. Chobanian. Row
Five-N. Berlinger, Butterick, K. Parsons, L. Chambers, P. Storm, Neuman, L. Richman, R. Strate, j. Woods,
B. Masselink, M. Bacchus, B. Howard,j. Williams, L. Bedard.
You say that you are in the middle of your third identity
crisis? You say that you feel you are doomed to becoming
nothing but a doctor? Well, fella, don't buy fruit boots. Don't
complain to your analyst. Don't let your hair grow Ckeep
America beautifullb. Instead, identify with an oppressed mi-
nority gr0upAbecome a Phi Rho.
Being a Phi Rho is fun. We believe that our time away from
the doctor's place and the doctor books is invaluable, and so
we use it wisely and enjoy it to the fullest. That is why we have
instituted an annual "Let Bygones Be Bygones Dance" for
Benedict Arnold's birthday Qthat's always lots of funk. Our
"Hello Autumn Bazaar" highlights our social calendar Cwe
dive naked into vats of Roosevelt dimesl.
Don't get us wrong. We Phi Rho's also relish opportunity
for intellectual stimulation. This year, the Dr. Coppolino
Honorary Lecture featured Prophet jones discussing "The
Spread of Catholicism on Venus." Also, monthly panel dis-
cussions by faith healers and chiropractors keep our little
minds unbiased by presenting us with the other side of the
This year, however, the Lacrosse team didn't fare too well.
So listen, fella. Do you want to enjoy yourself for a change?
Do you like the idea of becoming something more than just an
ordinary ol' doctor? Well then, jack, either you better come
over to Phi Rho Sigma or you better go over to NPI.
Norm Berlinger '70
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Phi Rho jocks- The pause that refreshes-
A rectal should be done on everyone. Speedy Gonzalos
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Phi Alpha Kappa is a graduate social fraternity com-
posed of men representing many different fields. These
include medicine, law, engineering, music, history, polit-
ical science, philosophy, business administration, and
social work. With many professions represented, there is
a continual exchange of ideas and information which
makes a very stimulating atmosphere.
Education is the primary goal of the men of Phi Alpha
Kappa, but athletics and social activities are an important
part of our fraternity. Parties are frequent attractions,
highlighted by homecoming, the Christmas party, andthe
spring formal. The fraternity also competes in a complete
schedule of intramural sports.
With its excellent facility and unique environment,
Phi Alpha Kappa is an enjoyable place to live.
C. j. Dykstra '68
Phi Alpha Kappa diversity
Number one stud
ST DE T HEALTH ORGANIZATIO
First Row-A. Greenberg, W, Faggett fChairmanJ, B, Taylor,j. Schaible, Second Row-T. Segall, Dr. G. Lowrey,
Dr. R. Carlisle, W, Willett, D. Moss, E. Carlson, R, Krouskop,j. Rohde. Absent: T. Chappell, K. Palmer
The Student Health Organization was founded in California in 1965 by medical students distressed by inequities
and inefficiencies in medical care. Since that time health science students in over 50 medical schools have begun SHO
chapters to develop the initiative and leadership needed to fulfill a comprehensive role as a health scientist in society.
SHO at U. of M. was founded in March 1967 as a multidisciplinary organization of students from health sciences
who firmly believe that health is a fundamental, undeniable right of every human being without distinction on basis of
race, religion, political belief, economic or social condition. There are at present over 75 student members and 60 non-
student members fmainly health science facultyl. By exploring new approaches to improvement of the delivery of
health care the group seeks to educate our members and the community in the expanding role of the health profes-
sions, SHO at U. of M, was co-host with Wayne State Medical School for the third National Assembly of SHO in
Detroit, February ZZ-25, 1968,
ln Ann Arbor and Washtenaw County, SHO has been working to maximize utilization of existing facilities and
agencies and to improve the efficiency ofhealth care delivery. Several projects to date include:
-Pre-cam per physicals for 200 children.
-Two Headstart clinics supervised by staff pediatricians.
-Interviewing of 300 Headstart families for medical, dental, and social histories,
-Initiation ofa family medical advisory program.
-Preparation of an information booklet concerning health and family services in the community.
-Forums on topics for increased social awareness in the health professions community.
-Research and survey of problems ofthe medically indigent.
-Assisting in the co-ordination of activities ofthe various community agencies.
The past year has been an exciting and enlightening experience for SHO members, and expansion of planned pro-
grams promises even more challenges and understanding of our future patients and colleagues.
Walter Faggett '68
SHO sponsored animated and well-attended forums to discuss the problems of
disseminating health carefacilities. Speakers included Dr. M. G. Candau, Director
General of the World Health Organization fbelowi. But forums were not the on-
ly function of the groupg active health care programs were conducted including
physical exams for the county Headstart group frightb,
A 3, 4,9 ,
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN yi. .1
if MEDICAL SCHOOL ,
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Tbe Pacon is a medical student monthly that has just complet-
ed its second growing year. The past year has seen the expansion of
the eight-page occasional issue to a regular monthly issue of up to
twenty-eight pages read by students, faculty, house officers and
representatives at other medical schools. The features this year
have bristled with fervent dialogue on many questions: Should
health care be a privilege or a rightg should the curriculum be
expanded or shortenedg elective periods dropped or extendedg
should house officers be paid a living wage? A special Christmas
issue offered student poetry, short stories and editorial prose. The
teaching methods of the departments of medicine and surgery
were considered in reviews which were honest if not complimen-
tary. General Commendation was voiced regarding the new cur-
riculum innovations with laments that the changes had come too
late to prevent the stifling of some upperclassmen.
Tbe Paeon has served a valuable function in the medical center
and has received paeans of praise for doing the job well. It is one
valuable communication link between isolated clinical and pre-
clinical students, a dialogue between faculty and students, a hot-line
to and from the administration, a steam-valve for student frustra-
tions and a showcase for their literary talents. It has stabilized in
editorial policy, mechanics of preparation, and feature departments.
The editorial board has been so composed as to be representative
of each class year, insuring Tbe Pae0n's future as editors graduate.
The "new medical student," a term coined in The Pacon, is the
feature of the contemporary medical school, the person whose
characteristics will become increasingly important with liberaliza-
tion of the curriculum. lt is the broad spectrum of his interests
that will foster and appear in the newspaper of his student body.
Glenn Geelhoed '68
136 T. Buxton, j. Luciano, G. Geelhoed CEditorD, D, Reid, O. Grin. Absent: j. Wright, W. Faggett,
J. Harger, Armstrong.
CHRI TIAN MEDICAL QCIETY
First Row-D. Smith, j. Harkema, R. Bulten. Second Row-fR. Smith, M. Harkema, E. Lipson, A. Oostendorp, K.
DeKorne, A Friend. Third RowAV. LaPorte, C. Rowe, D. Henke, l. Bulten, C. Muller, B. Muller.
The Christian Medical Society is an international, non-denominational, professional
organization of physicians, dentists, nurses, medical and dental students who share the recog-
nition ofthe need to satisfy man's spiritual as well as physical needs. The members of CMS
have a dual goal: To make their own personal lives spiritually deeper, and to extend the reality
ofthe Christian faith through their daily contacts.
The student chapter ofthe University of Michigan sponsors monthly meetings, while small-
er groups meet for weekly discussion and Bible study. This year was started with a back-to-
school picnic at the home of a local physician where the group heard about the experiences of
one of its members who spent time in the mission field. A total of six of this years group will
spend part of their selective periods in foreign mission fields. The CMS retreat at Gull Lake
was a relaxing and inspiring weekend in October. ln the spring several national CMS mem-
bers spoke to the group. Finally, it should be noted that the CMS wives group was again active
this year by themselves and together with their husbands.
james Harkema '68
The University of Michigan Chapter of the Student American Medical Association was
founded in 1951 . The intent ofthe organization remains today as it was then: "To advance the
profession of medicine, to contribute to the welfare and education of medical students, interns,
and residents, to familiarize its members with the purposes and ideals of organized medicine,
and to prepare its members to meet the social, moral and ethical obligations ofthe profession
of medicine." Simply, this means to serve, to inform, to educate, and to initiate.
TO SERVE . . . as a service organization SAMA has excelled with
such projects as the bookstore, the white coat laundry,
the tour guide service, medical visitation programs,
and the Aequaliinzims.
TO INFORM. . . . . the national journal, "The New Physician," is recog-
nized as one of the leading journals in the country and
is the only source of information as to what medical stu-
dents are doing across the country,
TO EDUCATE .... the educational merits of the weekly SAMA Elms, the
SAMA Forums, and the Essay Contest speak for them-
TO INITIATE .... perhaps the most important function of SAMA rests in
our ability to create new trends. Our Michigan chap-
ter is one ofthe only SAMA chapters in the country to
establish a statewide Preceptorship Program for medi-
cal students. This program is new this year and is being
organized in cooperation with the Michigan State
Medical Society. Our SAMA chapter has become the
Hrst student group at the University of Michigan to
start a lecture series on Sex Education for the under-
SAMA is and forever shall be proud to advance the profession of medicine.
jay Harness '69
First Row-B. Gilmore, H. Schlosser, B. Mugg, D. Livesay, D. Lewis, J, Morganroth. B. Berlin, T. Kaiser. Second
Row-R. Sawyer, V. Soret, D. Bro0me,j. Ascher CSecretaryD,j. Harness CPresidentJ, M. johns CVice-Presidentb, O.
Lieberg CTreasurerD, S. Geelhoed, K. Shaffer. Third Row-L. Tate, M, Dawson, S. Benz, A. Mindlin, H. Lubetsky,
M. Cheever, j. Bartlett, L. Chambers, R. Opaskar, D. Assenmacher, My Husband, j. Butterick.
A typical SAMA Council meeting Cleft? adjourns to the Pretzel Bell
Caboveb for further discussion with Dr, Donald Holmes.
wivvlf ' Q
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SAMA conducts tours ofthe Medical School facilities for prospective students, SAMA also operates
a Laundry and a Bookstore, the latter selling books and used white coats.
The Preceptorship Program, involving M.D.'s in Ann Arbor and throughout the state, promise a
unique experience for both student and physician, the former to see medical practice first hand and
the latter to he a teacher.
The Aequanimitas Staff, Ralph Sawyer, David Snook, Donald Beaudoin, Ken Chew and Dick Lewis, consider the
sketches to be used as division pages. Bob Lee was absent.
Editor ..... . .Don Beaudoin
Faculty Section . . . . Ralph Sawyer
Right-Hand . . Dave Snook
Left-Hand ..... . . lzzie Glutz
Artist in Residence . . . . Ken Chew
Entrepreneur .... . . Dick Lewis
Peripatetic Lensman . ,.... Bob E. Lee
Advisor . . . joel Shilling, MD.
Especial thanks to Sally Beaudoin who typed reams of pages
for me, and to judy Sawyer who performed a similar service for
her husband. Thanks also ro those who wrote papers for the open-
ing section ofthe book, to those who wrote copy for the various
organizations, and Hnally to our unofficial advisor, joel Shilling,
whose moral support and technical skill were greatly appreciated.
Don Beaudoin '68
l""""TT'T' TWT" T""'T' iw"- 'TT
H0 QR CQUNCIL
The purpose of our medical education is the provision of
optimum care for our patients. To achieve this end medical
education at the University of Michigan strives to provide the
student with academic knowledge while at the same time foster-
ing the further development of integrity and character appro-
priate to a physician. The Honor System serves as a mode to
achieve these goals of medical education.
The Honor System has a rich history at the University of
Michigan, being founded by, concerned with, and administered
by students. In 1903, the student body Hrst issued a statement
concerning cheating, but it was not until 1915 that a uniform
Honor System was proposed which was concerned with the
supervision and conduct of examinations. In 1924, the Board
of Regents approved both the Honor System and the establish-
ment ofthe Honor Council. In 1961, the Code of Ethics was
added and the Honor System was expanded from its applica-
tion to exams to encompass all student activities, especially the
student-patient relationship, the student-staff relationship, and
the use of hospital records.
Presently, the Honor Council is composed of two members
elected from each class, the functions ofthis administrative body
including the interpretation and explanation of the Honor Sys-
tem along with the investigation of any violations ofthe Honor
Code. Because our Honor System is vitally concerned with per-
sonal behavior and ethical conduct, it also becomes the function
ofthe Honor Council to recognize ever-changing trends and val-
ues ofthe medical student and propose revisions in the Honor
System to keep it abreast ofthese.
It is the sincere goal of the Honor Council that with this
historical background and these views of the future, the Honor
System may truly foster the goal of achieving academic prow-
ess and further development of personal integrity for the students
ofthe University of Michigan Medical School.
Moritz M. Ziegler '68
142 Seated-j. Wright, M. Ziegler, R. Sawyer.
Standing-L, Argenta, W. Weiswasser, R. Smith,j. Pascoe, S. Chase,
S UDE T COUNCIL
BACK ROW: j, Luciano, N. Osborne, P. Quinn, R. Mulder, D. Davidson, G. Anderson, R. Procter, D, Stulberg,
MIDDLE ROW: R, Taipala,j. Harger, G. Artinian, D. Havens, W. Fagget, M. Kabalin.
The FRONT ROW is Dr,john Gosling.
The Student Council is comprised ofthe class officers of the four medical classes. lts major
function is to provide a forum for the discussion of matters of interest to the medical school,
particularly as they pertain to any segment of the student body. Emphasis this past year has
been placed on improving communications between students, faculty, and administration.
To this end the Student Council has obtained permission to select students to sit in on cer-
tain faculty committee meetings. The Student Council has also worked on broadening the
prescription drug program, instituting a medical and hospitalization program for medical
students, solving the many problems of student parking, and maintaining the lines of com-
munication between the class officers and their classes.
Dennis L. Havens '68
LPHA O EGA ALPHA
1 1 , .
i A 1'
Q A .
.i i N '
First RowYA. Oostendorp, S. Monroe, Dr. Jaffe, P. Insel, W. Meengs, C. Kauffman, F. Serratoni. Second Row-B
Dragoo, H. Alvarez, R. Kreuzer, D, Logan, W. Redlin, j. Rogers, j.Sugar, R. Grekin. Third Row-G. Geelhoed, W
Boyko, S. Ringel, R. Matthews, L. Hurshman, J. Maize, F. jones, A. Hilgenberg. Absent: N. Brown, C. Ferguson, S
Geelhoed, M. Hinnen, W. Howard,-I. Lipson,j. McNamara, F. Maynard, B. Mohr, R. Salamon, D. Silver, R. Tigl
elaar, T. Rowland.
Alpha Omega Alpha is a national medical scholastic honorary society which has chapters
at vinually every accredited medical school in the United States. At the University ofMichigan
members are elected during both the junior and Senior years, and an initiation banquet is
held in the Fall of each year with a non-medical guest speaker. This year we were privileged to
have Dr. Marvin Felheim, Professor of English at the University ofMichigan as our guest and
Dr. Robert Green, Assistant Dean of the Medical School, as master of ceremonies. In past
years the major activity has been the sponsorship and administration of the Student Re-
search Forum, an annual spring event when selected students from all four classes present re-
sults oftheir investigative efforts. This year we have also begun a series of evening meetings at
faculty members' homes with guest faculty from outside the medical school who discuss with
AOA's and a few invited medical faculty and house staff concepts outside the usual medical
school realm. Finally, preliminary discussions have been held in an attempt to involve AOA
participation in the medical school curriculum.
Paul Insel '68
Victor aughan Society
Victor Clarence Vaughan was the dean of the medical school
in the years of its most significant growth. In guiding the medi-
cal school toward its role as an internationally prestigious in-
stitution, he established himself as one of the truly great deans
of American medicine. He was an innovator who helped create
several new scientific departments in the medical school, among
them the world's Hrst pharmacology department and one of the
earliest bacteriology departments. He was so much the origin of
the experimental method in basic science education that he
earned the local nickname of f'Piggy Vaughan" because of the
number of guinea pigs he introduced into the newly built lab-
oratory system. lt is to his memory that the society gives honor
through its name.
Briefly, the Victor Vaughan Society is a senior medical group
that gathers biweekly for the discussion of the historical, social,
aesthetic and ethical parameters of the art of medicine. Each
member prepares a paper on a non-scientific topic of interest to
him and presents his ideas at a meeting held in the home of a
senior faculty member. The student selects a discusser who may
comment on or develop further the points ofthe paper. The con-
cluding event is an open discussion which usually proves to be
both fervent and colorful.
With an appreciation of medical history fundamental to the
modern medical education, the Victor Vaughan Society attempts
to see-along with a famous scientist ofthe past-that "we stand
on the shoulders of giants." ln keeping alive an appreciation for
this tradition, it is the hope and pledge of this society that the
future generation might stand a little taller still.
Glenn W. Geelhoed '68
Smted: P. lnsel, j. Thrall, j. Schrager, S. Geelhoed, G. Geelhoed, Dr.j. Gosling, Dr. R. Green. Standing: D. Beau-
doin, R. Grekin, j. Berman, D, Drachler, S. Ringel, M. Ziegler, R. Matthews, C. Robinson, R. Hiatt, O. Grin, R.
Livesay, W. Howard, R. Sawyer, R. Mulder. Missing: L. Britton, T. Derleth, W. Faggett, T. Gaensbauer, G. Hess,
M. Hinnen, C. Moore, P. Quinn,j. Ravin, B. Tigelaar.
GALENS HGNQRARY MEDICAL UCIETY
The Galens Honorary Medical Society was founded at the
University of Michigan in 1914 when a method of expressing
student opinion was needed to obtain lockers. It was, and re-
mains, a group which is unique among medical schools in the
nation. Thirty-four members from the upper classes are chosen
at the rate of 17 each year on the basis of achievement, endeavor,
and demonstrated willingness to help others in the various phases
of medical school life.
Since that meager beginning, Galens has grown and broad-
ened in scope and amassed a fascinating heritage. Although the
primary organization has remained one of service, it is doubtful
any organization in any medical school has embodied the vast
numbers of Galens
just as of medical
autono , and the
internship has en-
compassed the Galen's
Lectureship of service as can
be seen by its free T.B.
skin tests and a resident loan
fund, and others the year
Galens act as from all parts of
the world. In an in scholarship and
teaching Galens otter, and Crosby
awards, not to mei Shovel Award. During
the junior and senior act as projectionists
in conferences and maintains the Galens
Foreign Fellowship. In laboratories are partial-
ly equipped by the of microscopes and
The brightest spot in s year is the Galen's Tag
Day. Each year since 1927 has sponsered this suc-
cessful drive to maintain the 's Workshop. The workshop
provides pediatric patients activities, and a Christ-
mas party. Recently, the drive has made possible the building of
a new workshop in order to continue these services in the new
Mott Children's Hospital.
It is evident that although the primary purpose of the organi-
zation remains service, there is a great deal more to the Galens
Lee R. Britton '68
Row One-M. Stulberg, B. Fogel, j. Berman, D, Phelps, L. Britton, C. Robinson, Dr. Feringa, Dr. Ritter, Dr.
Thompson. Row Two-j. Luciano, Rogers, C. Moore, R. Wolterson, B. Masselink, D. Alex, A. Hilgenberg,
Ryan, Henke, R. Krausen. Row Three4T. O'Rourke, S. Seider, j. Harness, R. Lee, R. Rapport, R, Tigelaar, G.
Friedlander, R. Bultman, W. Faggett, P. Quinn, M. johns. Absent. j. Ravin, L. Argenta, D. Havens, R. jelovsek,
R. Mulder,-1. Rybock. D, Stulberg.
Brightening a child's day- Brightening an M-3 '5 day,
Contributions this year
again set a record
GALENS TAG DAYS
ll! 4 f'
Dr. Ritter receives the shovel
And starts shovcllin
MEDIC L CHOOL GLEE CLUB
Row One-R. Swartz, N. Amalfitano, D. Frens, M. Ziegler, R. Kaprove, R. Carroll, R. Hart. Row Two-j. Butter-
ick, R. McCreedy, A. Gulick, L. Borchert, j. Pascoe, R. Wolterson, M. Kabalin, D. Hodges, W. Weiswasser, M.
Stulberg, D. Frost, W. Barton. Row Three-j. Mezoff, Zeldenrust, R. Foster, G. Henry, N. Osborne, B. Schuur-
mann, T. Meyer,j. Aiken, G. VanWesep, N. Burlinger, M. Shermer, W. Wright.
The Glee Club entered its fourth year of existence enthusiastically with a considerable
boost in membership and a desire to improve on its successful 1967 school year which in-
cluded the musical variety show 'LOn Call '67," singing in the Berlioz "Requiem" for the
University of Michigan's Sesquicentennial celebration, and concluding the year by singing
the Brahm's "Alto Rhapsody" for Medical School Class Night.
The membership continued its weekly hour of rehearsal with the aim ofthe organization
being to provide enjoyment, fellowship, and musical achievement. Under the direction of
Mr. Robert Mauch of the School of Music for the second year, the Glee Club continued to
make musical strides of a degree not before seen in the organizations brief history. It was
fortunate for the Glee Club to have a talented sophomore, Maria Kabalin, as our accom-
panist. Dr. john Gosling continued as the Glee Club's advisor as well as being host for an-
nual Glee Club social events.
The musical highlight of the year was the second of what we hope will be an annual
event, the musical variety show "On Call '68." Other performances during the year in-
cluded the Medical School Alumni Banquet, the Dean's Executive Faculty Christmas
Party, a Mercywood Hospital Christmas Program, and Medical School Class Night.
With the continuing growth and support of an enthusiastic membership, the Glee Club
hopes to prosper as a Medical School organization which provides enjoyment for its mem-
bers and its audience by the universal language of music.
Moritz M. Ziegler '68
A' ar f' 5'
FRONT ROW-M. Litzenberg, C. Wright, B. Holcomb, L. Beltz, S. Beaudoin. SECOND ROW-L. DeBoer,.I
Howard, D, Feldman, DeWinter, M. Jacoby. THIRD ROWfM. Mugg, M. Harkema, Rose, S. Bolich, B
Augusz,j. Sawyer, M. Frost, B. Havens, H. Burton, R. Anderson.
The Woman's Auxiliary to the Student American Medical As-
sociation, is a national group devoted to the interests of wives of
medical students, interns, and residents. Specifically, its purpose is
to assist wives in Ending a closer relationship with other medical
wives, and to acquaint them with the professional aims and ideals
of medicine. To these ends, the past year's several excellent pro-
grams were directed.
The August welcome picnic introduced freshmen wives to the
group. Later in the fall, the annual rummage sale was held to re-
plenish the treasury as well as the WA-SAMA Grant-in-Aid
Fund. Monthly visits to Ypsilanti State Hospital gave members op-
portunity for "patient contact" and brightened somewhat the lives
Lectures during the year were several and included timely ones
by Dr. Stuart Finch on child psychiatry and hy Dr. j. Robert
Willson on the abortion laws. The highlights of the spring term
were the annual fashion show and the senior farewell. ln addition
to general group functions, each individual class also supported a
full schedule ofactivities.
This year, as in the past several years, Mrs. Clarence Crook and
Mrs. Russell Dejong were our liaisons from the Washtenaw Coun-
ty Medical Auxiliary. The group wishes to thank them as well as
all the doctors' wives who opened their homes to us for council
meetings during the year.
i ii -sf :l iz it
v ' Jw
FRONT ROW lLeft to Right?-R. Anderson, A. Mosher, K. Maynard,j. Robinson, l.. McGunegIc, M. Hankins.
SECOND ROW Vossler, M. Alvarez, S. Youngul. Sawyer, C. Collins, B. August, S. Beaudoin.
THIRD ROW P. Zanoui, C. Woods, S. Clark, j. Howard. H. Cevallos, S. Rictcr, W. Phelps, j. Hurshman, j.
FRONT ROVV lLcfI to Right?-B. Chamberlain, l.. Rcdlin, G. Wattcrson, K. jones, l, Williams, l.. DeBoer.
SFCOND ROVV-N. Hoffmann, B. Keats. M. Vandcrwclds, 'lf johns, M. Frost, P. Schlosser,j. Rose, N. Schneider
2"""""W "', SEIU ML
FRONT ROW Clrfi to Right?-J. Cartwright, P. Roth, I., Dopp, P. Saxton.
SECOND ROVV C. Rasmussen, W. VVoolson, I.. Beltz, M. Litzcnburg, C. Grazier,
THIRD ROW Bolich, N. Meyer, S. Frcns,j, DcWinter, M. Gosmz1n,j. Hammer, C. Gelston.
FRONT ROW Clxft tu Righti D. Winst0n,j. Smithul. Sullivan, Smith,j. l.csscr,j. Kaiser.
SECOND ROW'-B, Scbrlght, C Flsher, M. llrlandson, M. Klus. L. Ozunnc. C. jones, R. LaFerricrc,j. Ifshclman
PRRC , CIOI, t,
In this era of population planning, it is obvious that
many seniors have big plans. Congratulations to all
these bright-faced tots who have withstood the over-
dose of pediatric physicals.
Lori and Amy Long
r if lf was '
Albert and Michael Vossler Guy, Keff
rey and Lori McGunegle
31 Ja? V
',,s',, Q t
Q s ' ff' 'sl f - '
Jennifer Sawyer Robert Himelblau
V . '
Rene, Russell and Kimberly Anderson
lVlichacl,jul1c and Christopher Beaudoin
Elizabeth, Colin and Mary Sutherland
, ,. xxx? F,
Billy and Lisa Mosher
Cathy, Michael and Timothy VVoods
: A u
J ' M
s 3 as
Charles Clark Tina Alvarez
.A N X , ' if
Laura Hav ens
S , 7 Q
Annette, Cecilia, Lorrain e, Richard, Evelyn, and-joseph Baron
E is K: R
. 5 .,.. 3
"nk, ' ' -
' l,, Z ? A ss
Sharon l lastings Thomas Bulten
W W -
W- w-mar ' V. , wp. .,
Ann Quinn Mary Quinn
Lisa, julie, and Lori Borchen
MF x ,l
Bonnie Strate Randy Straw
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RHODA R. RUSSELL, A.M., R.N.
School of Nursing
"I believe that one reason there are so many people who are so restless,
dissatisfied, and disappointed is that they have no bright and glowing ob-
jective before them, no star to which they can hitch their wagon."-
George Mathew Adams
The above quotation was written by a famous syndicated columnist
and lecturer who also was renowned for his rare book collections. It ap-
peared in a popular magazine in 1948 but seems more appropriate in
these times than those.
Restlessness, dissatisfaction and disappointment, though feelings of the
uncommitted, can be the spurs to urge one to live a purposeful and mean-
Restlessness is a virtue when it is a restlessness in a quest for know-
ledge, when it is a yearning to improve the lot of mankind, when it is a
desire to turn a furrow so new seeds of knowledge may germinate and
Dissatisfaction is healthy if it is dissatisfaction with the worn-out past,
the traditions that stifle creativityg and with one's own ability to absorb
new knowledge and see its applications. Y
Disappointment, too, can be a valuable experience if it is disappoint-
ment that we have not reached our goal, that we have not made our
contribution to our profession for which we have the capacity, and that
we have failed to accept leadership when the opportunity arose.
You have chosen our Hbfi ht and shinin ob'ective." Now ou must
Y g g I Y
find a "star" to which ou can hitch our wa on.
Y Y 8
LOIS PIf'I"I', M.A.
Assistant to thc Dean
MIRIAM L. KELLER, RN.
HELEN W. BOVVDITCH, RN.
Assistant to the Dean
VERNA D. BARTON, MA., RN
Assistant to thc Dean
E I-low Enzyfmes Work W 4 '
Anne MacMillan, MPH Marjorie Murphy, MPH Lila Miller, Ph.D.
Leigh Anderson, Ph.D. Theodore D. Kramer, Ph.D.
Eugene M. Britt, Ph.D. Ben Lucchesi, Ph.D., M.D.
ROW 1 Cleft to rightbz E. Sumpter, L. Rummel, B. Horn, L. Clarke, E. Errante. ROW
2 Cleft to rightbz D. Muller, P. Wendt, S. Camilli, B. Schaberg, j. Page.
The Fundamentals of Nursing faculty believe in by developing concepts of effective communication
teaching a program of instruction that is principle- and respect for the worth of the individual. And
oriented, so that the learner can adapt to changing we hold to the belief that the fundamental role of the
concepts of health and health care. We hope to nurse is to promote and maintain health.
potentiate professional growth and leadership ability
Obstetrics and Gynecology
ROW l Cleft to rightl: judd, ll. Avery, P. Underwood, N. Thompson. ROVV 2 Cleft
to rightl: C. Hill, A. Szczesny.
Students are instructed in the science of Obste- the acquisition of skills necessary to meet the needs
trics and Gynecology, building upon their previously of women and newborn infants, but as well upon
acquired background in the basic sciences and nurs- understanding the role of womanhood as it relates
ing fundamentals. Emphasis is placed not only upon to the family unit of health and society.
Cleft to rightbz C. Bedell, D. J. Sorrels, L. Schabhuttl, B. Britton, j. Heerman, M.
In order to give understanding care to children and their families and
to assume her role as a health teacher, the student in nursing builds upon
previously acquired knowledge of human development and the influences of
interactions within the family. She applies her knowledge of the develop-
mental stages and tasks through which children must progress and the
behavior exhibited during these stages. We believe that as a nurse works
with children, and examines her philosophy of life, she may gain a better
understanding of herself.
Experience in the nursing of children should prepare the student to
understand and be able to apply the principles necessary for giving compre-
hensive nursing care to sick infants and children. It also should prepare
the student for her role as a parent and a contributing member of the
We believe that each student has her own individuality and that teaching
measures should be used which foster her independence and self-direction.
Sitting Cleft to rightbn M. Reynolds, N. Creaoson, j. Wilson, R. F. McCain, L. Cole
A. Hegeons, K. Reick. Standing Cleft to rightbz F. Marsh, G. Skinner, D. Hall, D. Reddy
M. Schroeder, M. Horton,j. Sana,j. Allen, B. Derks, S. Donnelly, H. McKenna.
Medical-surgical nursing has evolved through the years into an area of
instruction which is designed for the study and application of nursing princi-
ples in the individualized care of adult patients with medical-surgical health
ln the beginning it was not a combined program. ln 1917 the series
of lectures listed in the School of Nursing bulletin included Medical
Diseases and Surgery along with such topics as Gynecology, Orthopedics,
Urine Analysis, Opthalmology, Otolaryngology, Communicable Diseases,
Dermatology, and Diseases of the Nervous System and Surgical Anesthesia.
Gradually, the numerous little courses were grouped together under two
general medical-surgical nursing courses and three special medical-surgical
nursing courses taught during the junior year of the program. These, too,
were changed and at the present time there is one overall area of instruc-
tion for adult medical-surgical nursing with two courses, one in the junior
year and the other in the senior year.
ROW l Cleft to rightbz j. Wood, M. Loomis, M. Campbell. ROW 2: j, Dodenhoff,
M. Swanson, M. Harmes.
The student nurse of today is expected to shape
nursing service and education in the future. A dy-
namic appreciation of human behavior is basic to the
assumption of this task. The undergraduate psychia-
tric nursing program is intended to facilitate the
development of the student's appreciation of human
behavior in terms of the individual, groups, or the
treatment milieu as a social system. Moreover, stu-
dents are expected to develop awareness of the im-
plication of concepts of behavior for nursing's
relationship with all walks of life.
Qleft to rightlz S. Price, F. MacDougall, L. Black, C. Hildebrand, F. jennings, j. Brown,
The purposes of the public health course are,
to help the student become knowledgable about
the community and aware of the process by which
individuals and groups work toward the improve-
ment of community health, to understand each
individual and family, separate and collectively, in-
fluence the community as the community impinges
on the health of individuals, and families, and to ac-
quire knowledge and skills in the performance of
professional nursing, in an interdisciplinary relation-
ship, that helps meet the health needs of the com-
BARBARA j. HORN, M.S.N.Ed.
Today as never before the need is urgent
for nurses to critically and objectively view
functions and practices of nursing to deter-
mine direction for the profession to pursue.
No longer are the old ways appplicable, no
longer can each know all the facts, and no
longer can each of us function as an indivi-
dual in his own way. The explosion of
scientific knowledge, the complexity of
therapy and equipment, and the magnitude
of demands placed upon us has increased our
responsibilities and added to our functions
causing great strain and stress, but at the
same time presenting a challenge which is
compelling if we believe nursing does have a
unique needed service and if we are willing to
expend the effort. To meet the challenge we
must become a group with a common pur-
pose, we must cooperate with the physician
and other health professionals so that each
enhances the service of the other. We must
develop a relationship of trust, understand-
ing, and mutual respect if we are to work
together as colleagues. Nurses must provide
leaders who are skilled nurse practitioners,
scholars, and researchers who guide the pro-
fession into the uncharted future with courage,
wisdom, and dedication to our purpose.
Our nursing heritage is one of which we
can be proud. Couragious leaders such as
Florence Nightingale, Dorthea Dix, Mary
Nutting, and Livinia Dock were willing to
speak out against accepted practice, to take
stands that were not popular, and to lead
nursing forward to its present position. The
time has come again when nursing is at a
crossroad. No longer can we be all things to
all people! We must decide which path to
follow-are we to be physicians assistants,
coordinators, supervisors, or skilled practition-
ers of nursing. The choice is ours!
What is it that we do, that is needed by
society, that no other discipline can do as
well, and will give us satisfaction? Decisions
must be made now and immediately imple-
mented into our practice and educational
programs. The future of nursing depends
upon our accepting the challenge and seeking
answers for today with the knowledge that
these will guide us into the future. With time,
actions can and will be modified, but lack of
action leads to chaos and to abdiction of our
obligation to society, to our profession, and
You, the class of 1968, as you begin your
professional career are needed to help find
answers and to put them into practice. The
future of nursing, its growth and its great-
ness will reflect your behavior-your thoughts,
feelings, and actions. By example you can
be an effective leader willing and eager to
explore ideas, to try new methods, and above
all to maintain high standards of practice.
Will it be said of you that you were an
active participant or an indifferent bystander?
The choice is yours!
f'Be great in act, as you have been in thought.
Let not the world see fear and sad distrust.
Govern the motion of a kingly eye. Be stir-
ring as the time,"
tribute to 1968
would you believe that our year
could dare to become a legend of the past
there can be no denial that a tear
will be etched on that page, fast
some days flew by
and we were flying high
others, their slowness, my
how we wished to die
but each day followed with or without sleep
each day with deadlines to keep
some days with benehts to reap
other days with sorrows, we buried deep
during these hours and seconds
somehow, something, somehow, something beckons
us to continue to strive and to wait
till nineteen hundred sixty and eight
for dimensions are unfolding
within us, that we never knew were there
our souls and minds are ringing
in our search to live a life of care
that i know you cry
that i know you feel
that i know you need
that i know you care
Be assured, that answers emerge
But only when wisdom and patience merge
Cmy warmest wishes for satisfaction
and contentment in your futurel
Rae H. QOkamotoD Yoshida
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Class of 1968
PRESIDENT .... . . FRANCES HARTMAN
VICE PRESIDENT . . . . . . JUDY GOODLAD
SECRETARY .... ..... T RUDY BURKETT
TREASURER . . . MARY KAY HUTCHINSON
CHERYL LEE ARFT,B.S.N.
BETTE ,IO BAKER, B.S. N.
1 H Nfqw ,Ak,k,,... - f"" ,,
CAROLYN GENE BEACH, B.S.N.
in , Ann Arbor
JANE COVERLYD BALMER,B.S.N.
MARGARET BASSETT, B.S.N.
CLAIRE S. BECKER, B.S.N.
LUCILLE MARIE B ERLI, B.S.N.
KAREN MAY BlSHOP,B.S.N
PENELOPE BRIGHAM, B.S.N.
West Palm Beach, Fla.
LINDA SUE BROOKS,B.S.N.
KATHERINE ANN BRUCE,B.S.N.
TRUDY ANN BURKETT, B.S.N.
JANET MARIE CALLAND, B.S.N.
Corpus Christi, Texas
Blessed is the leader who has not sought the
high places, but who has been drafted into ser-
vice because of his ability and willingness to
TANYA SUE CALNICEAN, B.S.N.
St. Clair Shores
CYNTHIA C. CARNEVELE, B.S.N.
li Ann Arbor
BARBARA CBOSD CHRISTMAN, B.S.N.
MARY ELIZABETH CASPERSON,B.S.N
GARY JONES CHRISTMAN, B.S.N.
AMY JO COMINS, B.S.N.
CATHERINE NLCONKILN, B.S.N.
CHRISTEEN A. CONLIN, B.S.N.
Blessed is the leader who knows where he is
going, why he is going, and how to get there.
s-QL EVELYN CONKLIN, B.S.N.
Q PATRICIA CONWAY, B.S.N.
M. KATHERINE CRABTREE,B.S.N.
DORCAS MARICE COX,B.S.N.
FLORENCE JENETTE CROW,B.S.N.
MARGARET ELIZABETH CRAIG,B.S.N.
BARBARA CUTLER B S N
NINA LOUISE CUTTER,B.S.N.
Blessed is the leader who knows no discour
agement, who presents no alibi.
DONNA WOOD DAVlS,B.S.N.
LUCINDA JEAN DAVIS, B.S.N.
Beaver Dam, Wis.
DIANE LEE DAYTON,B.S.N
KAREN CBURTOND DE KOKER,B.S.N.
CAROLYN -IO DICK, B.S.N.
CSPITZLEYD FENNER, B.S.N.
JEAN FEUERSTEIN, B.S.N.
SUSAN FILLHART, B.S.N.
Blessed is the leader who knows how to lead
without being dictatorialg true leaders are
KAREN ANN FRANKS B S N
Fort Wayne, Ind.
Q BARBARA E. FRENCH,B.S.N.
A Joliet, Ind. it
ELLEN STRATTON GERBER,B.S.N.
HANNAH C. GEDDES,B.S.N.
DEANA ELAINE GOLDSTEIN, B.S.N.
SUSAN CAROL GOLDEN,B.S.N
h Peoria, Ill.
JUDY ELLEN GOODLAD,B.S.N'.
.W EUNICE ESTI-IER GRAFF,B.S.N.
Blessed is the leader who seeks for the best
for those he serves.
MARGARET E GRAY B s N
CAROL ANN HAACK,B.S.N.
FRANCES S. HARTMAN,B.S.N.
AGNITA CKNAPPP HANDLOS,B.S.N.
MARY ROBIN I-IEMMINGER,B.S.N.
JANET SUE HARRIS, B.S.N.
MELISSA HICKES, B.S.N.
REBECCA HICKES, B.S.N.
G Springield, Ohio
Blessed is the leader who leads for the good
of the most concerned, and not for the per-
sonal gratifieation of his own ideas.
MARY K. HUTCHINSON, B.S.N.
BRENDA JOHNSON, B.S.N.
JOAN E. KALBFLEISCI-I, B.S.N
New Hyde Park, N.Y.
CYNTHIA KLUTSENBEKER, B.S.N.
JOAN KOBAYASHI, B.S.N.
CAROLYN fl-HLLJ KRONE,B.S.N.
SUSAN E. LARSON,B.S.N.
Plymouth V M
' IVEY JEANE LEFTWICH,B.S. N.
. X 5' Detroit
Blessed is the leader who develops leaders
SUZANNE E LEHR B SN
CHERYL LIGOTTI, B.S.N.
DIANNE M. l.,OESEL,B.S.N.
SUZANNE M. LORENZ,B.S.N.
MARGARET MCCRACKEN, B.S.N
Oklahoma City, Okla.
SHERYL MELBER, B.S.N.
MARIE-LOUISE MEULEMANS, B.S.N.
SUSAN MEYERS, B.S.N.
Blessed is the leader who marches with the
group, interprets correctly the signs on the
pathway that lead to success.
L LUAN MILLER, B.S.N.
BEVERLY JEAN MORLEY,B.S.N.
JEANNE ELLEN MULDER,B.S.N
DEBORAH LYN 0LDER,B.S.N.
MICHELLE A. O'NEIL, B.S.N.
DEE QDYED PALDI,B.S.N.
KAREN PALMER, B.S.N.
MARGARET A. PHEBUS, B.S.N.
Blessed is the leader who has his head in the
clouds but his feet on the ground.
CHRISTINE Nl. PHELPS, B.S.N.
CAROL ANN PURDY, B.S. N.
Cleveland Heights, Ohio
PAULINE LOUISE QUlCK,B.S.N.
KAREN ANN RATHBUN,B.S.N.
BARBARA ANN ROCHFORD,B.S.N
ELAINE ROGOS, B.S.N.
BARBARA T. ROSE, B.S.N.
PATRICIA SAXTON, B.S.N.
Blessed is the leader who considers leader
ship an opportunity for service.
JEAN MARIE SCHAIBLE,B.S.N.
Grove City, Pa. -M A'
SUSAN j. SCI-IODLATZ, B.S.N. lk
PENNY CRIGHTHANDD SCHORE, B.S.N
New York, N,Y.
JENNIFER ANN SELESKY,B.S.N.
LINDA JEANNE SLOAN, B.S.N.
,IACQUELYN MARIE SMITH,B.S.N.
KAY ANN SMITH,B.S.N.
KATHERINE L. STEC,B.S.N.
A-M , ,,,.. Wyandotte
NANCY STEWART, B.S.N.
Fort Wayne, Ind.
JEAN E. THOMAS, B.S.N.
PAMELA ANN THOMAS B.S.N
MARIANNE TIPMORE, B.S.N
SHARYN VAN GORDER,B.S.N.
ELIZAB ETH RAE WALKER, B.S.N.
MARIE ANN WACHT,B.S.N.
DONNA JEAN WALTERS, B.S.N.
RETHA V. WELLONS, B.S.N
FRANCES ANN WERNER,B.S.N.
SHIRLEY A. WEYGANDT,B.S.N.
TERRI CATKIND WHlTE,B.S.N.
fwim, V - ,
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SUSAN YAHNKE, B.S.N.
LOUISE E. WILLIAMS, B.S.N.
BARBARA j. WINBUN,B.S.N
JUDY ANN ZANDER,B.S.N.
CAROL FAYE ZYLSTRA,B.S.N.
BARBARA ALCINI, B.S.N.
ZAIDEE CWORTHD ANDERSON,B.S.N.
CAROL BAKER, B.S.N.
DALE KEITH BORING,B.S.N.
JOAN CGINDERD BULL, B.S.N.
MARLEE CARROWSMITHD CLYMER,B.S.N.
GRACE I. COMBS,B.S.N.
KRISTIN ANNE DANIELSON,B.S.N.
DIANE LEE DEMO,B.S.N.
NANCY GALE ELDER,B.S.N.
DEBORAH CGOODWIND FIELD,B.S.N.
MARGARET C. FISHER,B.S.N.
LINDA JANE FREDERICKSON, B.S.N.
MARGARET CLYOND GIADOS,B.S.N.
SUSAN MARTHA GARBETT,B.S.N.
ELIZABETH B. GEORGEN,B.S.N.
LORRAINE MAY GRZENA,B.S.N.
CAROL LEE HARDIN,B.S.N.
ANN-MARGARET HILL, B.S.N.
MARTA H. KALBACK,B.S.N.
CHRISTINE ANNE KLEIN,B.S.N.
SUZANNE H. KUNIK,B.S.N.
KATHLEEN QADAMOD LEDRINKA,B.S.N.
SANDRA SUE OLINER,B.S.N.
BARBARA JANE ORT,B.S.N.
JUNE HELENE PRICE,B.S.N.
FREDRICK C. RAJE, B.S.N.
KATHLYN QJOHNSOND RITSCHOF,B.S.N
JENNIFER JANE RIZER, B.S.N.
VICKI ANN SCHAFFERS,B.S.N.
MARY LOUISE SCRUBY,B.S.N.
JOYCE EMILIE SCHOENS,B.S.N.
MARY KATHERINE SINNOTT,B.S.N.
JOAN EILEEN SOLDAN,B.S.N.
JANET CMARAND SVEJDA,B.S.N.
DOLORES M. SZYNISZEWSKI,B.S.N.
BETTY JO WALPER,B.S.N.
BILLIE JEAN WARSON, B.S.N.
LINDA LEE YUNIS,B.S.N.
LINDA J. ZAKARIAS,B.S.N.
This calls for creative care! I'll get it down, but . . .
Parents need us too. And ofcourse, teaching
Problem-solving in action. Communication and coordination.
Not by intuition Now what?
I t 'A f . I
Then there's out-patient nursing. I have a question ..,,
SENIOR NURSING IS MANY THINGS
Only 6 months to go!
REFLECTIONS QF A SENIOR NURSE
Four years have passed. In that time we have sought to know ourselves
more fully and to prepare ourselves for the practice of professional nursing.
Many changes have taken place within us. We have matured personally,
intellectually, and professionally. Everything that we are has been shaped
and molded by our experience here.
The opportunities of university life afforded us a means of richly expand-
ing our world. We became participants in a world of new experiences.
Through the study of humanities and social sciences, we gained entrance to
the totality of man's experience. We have been encouraged to think inde-
pendently and to reason for ourselves. By learning to appreciate others and
the motivation for their behavior, we came to understand ourselves.
We have also been seeking professional identity. Learning techniques and
mastering skills have been incorporated with learning to exercise professional
judgment. We have learned to function independently and to accept
In the process of defining our role as a professional, each of us has come
to a unique philosophy of nursing. The unmistakeable similarity of these
philosophies is the underlying committment each of us made when choosing
to be a member of the nursing profession. Personal committment is basic
to the belief that nursing begins with a compassion for others. We take pride
in our profession and at last feel a part of it. We will be stepping into leader-
ship roles. Nursing must change as the needs of society change, and the
professional nurse will participate in fostering an improved quality of
Looking into the future, the way seems bright. Technical advances in all
sciences are promising many implications for the future practice of nursing.
The "Space Age" is increasingly a part of our daily lives and will continue
to be. Aerospace nursing is relatively unexplored. Machines are recognized
for their efficiency and time-saving features and will be utilized more and
more frequently as they are refined for the special needs of nursing. They
will serve the nurse by assisting her to fulfill her responsibilities. However,
machines will never be a substitute for the art of nursing.
We, the class of 1968, express our warm wishes for success to those of
you who will follow us. We hope that you will also discover the essence of
nursing-compassion for others.
Class Of 1969
DEBORAH SAMUEL . .
KATHLEEN LANARD . .
SANDRA L. JOHNSON . .
CATHERINE KAUNISTO . .
W. Babcock V. Bahr
D. Fisher Holland
J. Osborn C. Pauls
. . . . PRESIDENT
. . . VICE-PRESIDENT
A. Bird S. Faux
ll f . 's.s
K. Lanard M. Lilly
A "'i ,,
A H ggi!! kfzi. .-
S. Wells Wright
Special attention from the very beginning. A good time for getting acquainted.
MEETING PATIENTS? NEEDS
Sure looks complicated, but only at first. Reassuring the patient is a part oftechnique
Apply that anatomy and physiology! Remember that Hrst one you gave?
PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT
Search for knowledge.
We wear a narrow black band for only a year.
We wear it with pride in the knowledge that we
have earned it. To us, it is a symbol of greater re-
sponsibility shared with other members of the
In medical-surgical nursing we gain an under-
standing of the mechanisms of homeostasis, path-
ology, and the interaction taking place between a
patient and his environment.
Obstetrics and gynecology equip us with an ap-
preciation for the special needs of female patients
Psychiatric nursing assists us by teaching us
to look for the motivation in the behavior we ob-
serve. lt brings us increased understanding of
the complex human mind. As we gain in self-
knowledge, we also begin to comprehend more
fully the emotional needs of others.
0 E STEP
CLO ER .
Each area of experience has led us . . . to our
goal of professional nursing. Through continued
development we will mature personally, our
skills will become more proficient, and our ca-
pabilities will increase.
This past year has been a year of many chal-
lenges. As we gained further insight into the
health needs of our patients,we became more in-
volved in attempts to meet these needs. Our per-
spective has broadened and our judgment has
just as we anticipated the day we would wear
our junior stripes on our previously unadorned
caps, so now we look forward to wearing wide
black bands on our caps. As the narrow stripe
was symbolic of us as juniors, so our senior
stripes represent our new role as senior nurses
and another step toward our goal of professional
Class of 1970
MARY BAIRD ...... .... P RESIDENT
PATRICIA ALSGAARD . . . . VICE-PRESIDENT
GAYLA SNIITI-I .... . . SECRETARY
PATSY AGAR . . . . . TREASURER
P. Agar E. Allberry P. Alsgaard C. Andrea
M. Baird B. Beelen Beelen Cappo
C. Carnes L. Clancy S. Cole L. Conrad
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all ik 'Q
j. Domzal K. Gaskill j. Geyer
P. Hawkins j. jonker M. King
D. Klos M. Koning R, Mayer
M. Payne K. Rosalik G. Rozinski
G. Smith B. Taylor C. Vancea
C. Wilkerson j. Williams L. Zemmer
Class Of 1971
Secretary . .
P. Beebe A. Bostrom
C. Chandler B. Clark
q 435.4 A- 1 A Q
P k -. N'
L. Harrison V. Kains
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.f' ,, . H se. . -
. Carolyn Meyer
. . Patricia Brugge
. . Monica Burke
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B. Mayer L. Metzer H. Pendergrast P. Raymond
ZLL ,.,.A fs
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L. Rezak j. Schmiege E. Stockwell j. Stroud
The freshman student brings with her to the university all of her dreams
and expectations. Eagerly, she awaits the opening of the first semester. Per-
haps for the first time she feels completely on her own. Suddenly she finds
herself in the midst of a sea swirling with new faces, unfamiliar places, and
uncertainties. She wonders what college will be like for her. This is her begin-
ning. She has taken the first step toward the future she has chosen as a pro-
After an exciting year, she has a better understanding of herself and Ends
that she enjoys a new measure of self-reliance and independence. Now she is
ready to take a second step toward realizing her goal. Filled with a sense of
purpose and direction, she looks ahead to entering the hospital world as a
Chem Lab-Frequently an explosive
The often visited UGLI
Hoping to "Fit ln" as a sophomore
Bones! Bones! Bones!
All through the day and far into the night.
Haversian canals and protruding pointsg
You can't put a foot down without taking risks
Yes, saddle-joints, toog
Skull bones and sutures
So many to do-
I can say it all now,
But what about later?
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SIGMA THETA TAU
ROW l Cleft to rightlz S. Yahnke, I.. Nickle, L. Yunis, K. Wing, B. Hickes, K. Danielson, P. Lyon, K.
johnson, S. Keith, M. Lang. ROW 2: P. Kappila, B. Pringle, S, Clarke, V. Barton CAdvisor7. M.
l.oomis, A. Wagers, C. Cravens, K, Teegarden, -I. Knight, B. Warson. ROW 3: K. Seeger, M. Camp-
bell, N. Ervin, M. Kennedy, S, Barber, l.. Schabbuttl, B. Britton, D. Boring, G. Skinner, K. Reick,
M. Harns, li. Campbell, M. Reynolds, M. Harton, K. Phy, H. McKenna. ROW 4: M. Hicks, T.
Burkett, V. Schaefers, P. Potter, S. Van Gorder. S. Young. T. White, I.. Wing, C. Becker, Goodlad,
A. Comins, K. Franks, H. Van Ess, M. O'Neil, S. Meycrs,j.judd,
Sigma Theta Tau. founded in 1922, is the only
national nursing honor society existing today. The
national society is composed of forty-one local chap-
ters. At the University of Michigan. Sigma Theta
Tau is represented by Rho Chapter, founded in 1959.
Sitting: -Iudy Goodlad CPresidentJ, Joanne Parken, CVice Presidentb, Mike O'Neil
CCorresponding Secretaryb, Becky Hicks fTreasurer5. Standing: Miss Schabhuttl
fAdvisorJ, Miss Barton CAdvisorJ, Miss Britton fRecording Secretaryb.
Criteria for invitation to membership into Rho
Chapter are: cumultive grade point average of 3.00
or above. first semester junior and above, evidence
of professional leadership potential, and possession of
desirable personal qualifications.
The National Council and chapter delegates
meet biennially to integrate efforts towards pro-
motion of the goals of Sigma Theta Tau: ID recog-
nize the achievement of scholarship of superior
quality: 25 recognize the development of leadership
qualities. 35 foster high professional standards: 45
encourage creative work: 55 strengthen commitment
on the part of individuals to the ideals and purposes
of the profession of nursing. Sigma Theta Tau is
an honor society but committed to definite and
positive goals within the nursing profession.
Row l: P. Quick, P. Egres, M. Koning, B. Beelen, P. Agar, G. Smith,
Cappo, S. Cole, L. Conrad. Row 2: F. Raje CWSNA Presidentl, Squire
fU.M. Membership Chairmanj, S. Katz CMSSNA Presidentl, N. Ervin CAd-
visorl, C. Davis CRecording Secretaryb, K. Smith fist Vice Presidentl, C. Becker
CCorresponding Secretaryb, K. Rathbun CTreasurerJ, S. Meyers 12nd Vice
This year commemorates the fifteenth anni-
versary of the Washtenaw Student Nurses Associa-
tion CWSNAD, a member of the Michigan State
Student Nurses Association. WSNA is the local pre-
professional nursing organization, composed of
undergraduate students from the two schools of nurs-
ing in Washtenaw County, Saint joseph Mercy
School of Nursing and the University of Michigan
School of Nursing.
WSNA attempts to: ID acquaint the student of
nursing with the ways and means to effectuate his
education in improving nursing standards and
practice, 27 promote professional unity among stu-
dent nurses in the area, in the state, and in the
nation, 35 provide an opportunity for the student to
know and understand current trends in his profes-
activities which will allow the student nurse to more
sion, 4D provide pre-professional
Row 3: A. Wilmeth, M. Hauch, M. Boes, D. Betwee,-I. Williams, G. Mathews,
j. Bransetter, C. Wilkerson, L. Berli. Row 4: M. Vivirski, L. Clancy, M. Finne-
gan, C. Vancea, S. Wells, D. Fisher, B. Baker, M. Craig, M, Cannon CMem-
bership Chairman, St. joeb, C. Conlin. Row 5.1. Livingstone, L. Sadowski, P.
Alsgard, F. Guttenberg, M. Burgel, C, Purdy, B. Christman, G. Christman,
fully assume his professional responsibilities after
his formal education, SD stimulate an understanding
and an interest in the professional parent organiza-
tion, The American Nurses Association CANAD, and
63 provide information regarding areas of pro-
fessional nursing practice, present and future.
These functions are achieved by working
closely with the local unit of ANA in an effort to keep
WSNA members informed on current concerns in
nursing. Secondly, the organization presents monthly
programs of interest to the student nurse, such as
speakers on present trends in nursing, individuals
actively engaged in an unusual area of nursing, and
panels on controversial issues confronting the nurse.
To implement ideas and changes relative to nursing
on all levels, the association provides organization
similar to that of ANA.
Q A A
Row I: Katz, j. Schmiege. L. Berli, V. Barton, M, Hutchinson, K. Rathbun. Row 2: P, Halliday, L. Stock-
well, P. Brugge, D. Samuel, C. Lawrence, L. Clancy, S. Cole, P. Alsgard, B. Taylor. Row 3: G. Smith, P. Agar,
K. Lanard, F. Raje,j. Fongers, j. Stroud, C. Meyer, E. Gerber, D. Orloff.
The Nursing Council is one of the most dynamic organizations within
the School of Nursing. It has been fostered mutually by enthusiastic students
and faculty. The Council has seen and realized opportunities for student
nurses to become involved in campus affairs, faculty committees, and policy
revision, thus enabling expression of ideas and viewpoints on issues affecting
the Nursing School.
The Council is composed of the officers from each class and the
representatives of the various student organizations. These leaders facilitate
more effective communication in and between classes, which aids in the
achievement of class solidarity and intra-class unity. The Council provides
a stimulus and motivation for growth, and extends itself to all members
of the Nursing School.
Representing the entire School of Nursing, the Council sets an example
of attitudes and ideals appropriate to the profession of Nursing. Not only
are communication and teamwork essential to Nursing, but skills in pro-
blem solving and leadership as well. The Council offers opportunities
to its members to develop further in these areas.
1' i X
Row l : Chris Van Boltltem CSecretaryD, Kay Smith CChairmanJ,
Sarah Martin. Row 2: Miss Schabhuttl Qfaculty memberl, Fred Raje
CWSNA Presidentl, Lucille Berli CNursing Council Presidentb.
The Nursing School Steering Committee
was formed in February, 1966, in response
to the growing change in the concept of the
nurse and in the self-concept of the student
nurse. It was felt that the student nurse should
participate in the formulation and evaluation
of her educational experiences. The committee
is composed of two members from each under-
graduate class, two faculty members, and one
The purpose of the committee is to serve
as a sounding board for both students and fac-
ulty with the end goal being betterment of the
school, to discuss current problems and com-
plaints of students, to promote communica-
tion between faculty and studentsq to better
understanding of School policies, to undertake
studies, evaluate programs, and analyze cur-
rent curriculumg and, to stimulate discussion
in areas of nursing education and the nursing
Susie Meyers . . Editor
Florence Crow . . Co-editor
Patsy Agar . . . . Co-editor
Katherine Crabtree . . . Theme
Marie Meulemans . . Faculty
Betty Taylor . . Organizations
Louise Williams . . Candids
Cheryl Melber . . . Candids
Peggy Holliday . . . Candids
Marianne Tipmore . . Seniors
jo Baker ....... . . Seniors
Cathy Kaunisto . . . juniors
Peggy Finnegan . Sophomores
Karen Ivan . . Sophomores
Karen St. .lOl'll'l , , , Freshmen
Sue jones . . . Freshmen
Sitting ileft to rightbz Bobbie Heminger, Florence Crow, Chris Conlin, Pat Agar, Betty
Taylor, Marie Meulemans. Standing Cleft to rightlz Katherine Crabtree, Susie Meyers
The Rise and Fall of Mercury. Bubble Bubble, Toil and Trouble!
Learning Why and How
Accuracy Prevents Accidents. Listening is Learning.
Qde To Isolation
In the midst ofisolation
I stand in contemplation
And search for schemation
To relieve the imagination
Ofthis cursed "contamination"
my constant consternation
lfonly every little bug
A hue of red would wear
Then I could plainly see them
On floor, on bed, on chair.
lcould watch the hopping
From counterpane to gown
And, scrubbing, see them dropping
Down the drain to drown.
And by this close inspection
So my lucid conception
ls never feared inception
Ofdreaded 'Across infection."
After three years, this only takes a few
Off to an early start.
Talking things over together
By now I've invented my own short-
Q, V 'M tt
'be A., 5 Q
Quiet thoughts after a busy day restore
a sense of meaning.
A daily event.
2 X X' fi'
The wonder and wonder
Has circled my head
But nowhere I've studied
And nowhere l've read
Have I discovered
The baffling secret of caps
And how a nurse's stays on
Without a relapse.
Now I've a new theory
And I'll share it with you
It may be pure fiction,
Or may, strangely, be true.
Unknown to phrenologists
There must surely be
And intangible bump
W'itb0zn tin' uid of' lbvxc lu'11tjji1ti'm I I
Jrlwvlc :could be f7Va1CIlL'tIHV prolvilvi i
IIIS and IIZIVSUX. The yctzrlwolc xtirjfiizld lla' ffm" " 1
with to express gratitut1'c.fi1r their I
Richard-I. Allen, M.D.
David G. Anderson, M.D.
Robert W. Bailey, M.D.
VV.f1lter L. Barron, M.D.
Xiexander M. Barry, Ph.D
l na D. Barton, R.N.
Gerhard H. Bauer, M.D.
lere Nl. Bauer, M.D.
lfoycf Beck, Ph.D.
Bernard Bercu, M.D.
Helen VV. Bowditch, R.N.
Darrell A. Campbell, M.D.
Joseph P. Cllandler, Pb.D.
Charles. G. Child Ill, M.D
N.I..1y Ellen Clifford, M.D
I lim-y P. Coppolillo, M.D.
lflizabeth C. Crosby, Ph.D.
-Xithur C. Curtis, lN1.D.
Ru:1selllVI. Dejong, M.D.
Reed O. Dingman. M.D.
F. Robert Fekety,Jr., M.D.
Farl R. Feringa, M.D.
Stuart M. Finch, M.D.
F. Bruce Fralick, M.D.
A. James French, M.D.
William Fry, M.D.
Albert C. Furstenberg, M.D.
Nancy E. Furstenberg, M.D.
John R. G. Gosling, M.D.
Cameron Haight, M.D.
E. Richard Harrell, M.D.
john W. Henderson, M.D.
Dorin L. Hinerman, M.D.
Roland G. Hiss, M.D.
Donaldj. Holmes, M.D.
William F. Howatt, M.D.
William N. Hubbard,Jr., M.D.
Edgar A. Kahn, M.D.
Albert C. Kerlikowske, M.D.
Arthur C. Kittleson, M.D.
Theodore C. Kramer, Ph.D.
Isadore Lampe, M.D.
jack Lapides, M.D.
Edward W. Lauer, Ph.D.
George H. Lowrey, NTD.
Benedict R. Lucchesi, M.D.
Lawrence H. Louis, Sc.D.
Kenneth R. Magee, M.D.
George W. Morley, M.D.
james V. Neel, M.D.
Walterj. Nungester, M.D.
William R. Olsen, M.D.
Lois If Pett, R.N.
Edward C. Pliske, Ph.D.
H. Marvin Pollard, M.D.
james W. Rae, M.D.
Henry K. Ransom, M.D.
William D. Robinson, M.D.
Margaret A. Sammick, R.N.
Lillian Schabhutte, R.N.
Herbert T. Schmale, M.D.
Richard C. Schneider, M.D.
Maurice H. Seevers, M.D.
Charles. B. Smith, M.D.
William S. Smith, M.D.
Robert B. Sweet, M.D.
Norman W. Thompson, lNl.D.
Harry A. Towsley, M.D.
Raymond, W. Waggoner, M.D
Julius M. Walner, M.D.
Martha R. Westerberg, M.D.
J. Robert Willson, M.D.
james L. Wilson, M.D.
james M. Winkler, M.D.
Russell T. Woodburne, Ph.D.
Walter P. Work, M.D.
Chrisj. D. Zarafonetis, M.D.
X A 2- s
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Life Insurance 8. Estate Planning for Physicians
Don W. Robinson, C.l.U. 8. Associates
Mutual Benetit Lite ot New Jersey Chartered Lite Underwriter
IFounded I845I I-I'feMember
23Il E. Stadium, Ann Arbor Million Dollar Round Table
28 W. Adams, Detroit Professionals' Planning Associates
"QUALITY SERVICE THROUGH TRAINING AND PRACTICE YEARS"
BI HURON VALLEY
OFFERS YOU MORE
0 Downtown Parking - Drive-Up Windows
0 Open Sat. 9-I2 Noon, Fri. Eve. 8 m
72 7 North University 0 ThriftiChecks 25 tor 52,50 P
. . HURON VALLEY
Ann Arbor Mlchlgan NCIHOHOI Bdnk . . . the bank on the grow
Complete Line of Drug Needs Washington at Fifth ANMEMBER F-gijaghtenow at Huron Parkway
Natural Shoulder Clothing
iw:-. ""' .-:':515:515:RRll5wK5'!S:PF:4:-A:-:-:'::' 2, -'
the Label that moans linrr clothiny
name that means tiner clothing
W I I. D ' S
State St. on the Campus
Wide Spam! 5
HARCILD S. TRICK
Everything tor the Athlete
School and Team Supplies
7Il N. University NO 8-96I5
902 S. State N0 8-7296
PONTIAC GENERAL HOSPITAL
PONTIAC, MICHIGAN 48053
Constructed in 1957
DEDICATED TO TWO GOALS:
Being the Outstanding Community Hospital in the State
Maintaining the Strongest Community Hospital Intern and Resident
Training Program in the State
20 Interns, Types 0,1 ,2,3,4,5
6 Medical Residents
6 ObfGyn Residents
4 Pathology Residents
4 Pediatric Residents
6 Surgical Residents
Resident I 6300
Resident Il 6600
Resident Ill 6900
Resident IV 7200
Additional S600fyr. Married
+FuII-Time Director of Medical
'Optimal Intern Responsibility
,'Full Complement of Out-Patient
'iFull Schedule of Teaching
1'Univ. of Michigan Affiliation
in All Major Clinical Areas
1Time 8 Facilities Allotted in
Program for Research in
i ' mv ,fe ,f A , l
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fif iliris Ki -wr' .. .AI len., f - I . f' "pmt--'Mir' 2-'U' 1-11545
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4,f1!!,6i"'J ve if a J? ' M17 fy, ' if . --fs...
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THE MIDLAND HOSPITAL
The Midland Hospital is a fully accredited
230 bed general hospital of contemporary
architecture situated in a wooded setting in CI
rapidly growing, dynamic community. The
educational, cultural, and recreational facil-
ities far surpass those found in most cities of
During the past year there have been l0,24O
admissions, 1,322 deliveries, 36,963 out-
patient visits and l0,99l emergency room
Teaching is done by board certified special-
ists in all departments, as well as by experi-
enced generalists. Interns are assigned
families for "family clinic" care.
For details contact:
R. E. Bowsher, M.D.
The most up-to-date facilities and equipment
are provided and research programs are
Midland Hospital offers an externship pro-
gram and is approved for I0 rotating first
year internships and for second year intern-
ships. Midland Hospital is affiliated with the
University of Michigan Medical Center with
visiting lecturers monthly.
ln addition to the traditional programs, a
unique 2 U2 year program for family prac-
tice training is operating very successfully
under ioint sponsorship with the University of
Michigan Medical Center.
Director of Medical Education
Midland Hospital Association
929 E. Ann St. 769-2233
EDWARD W. SPARROW HOSPITAL
0 New improved programs:
0 Internship-rotating. Programmed to
your desires and needs.
0 Residency-surgery and pathology
I Full-time Director of Medical Education
0 University affiliated
Grand Rapids, Michigan
467 Beds + 78 Bassinets, including Private Psychiatric Unit
20 Rotating Internships
Residencies in: Surgery
Obstetrics-Gynecology Internal Medicine
Plastic Surgery Pathology
Anesthesiology Hospital Administration
Affiliated with The University of Michigan School of Medicine
21,185 Admissions 28,183 Emergency Room Visits
3,324 Births 7,774 Clinic Visits
60,086 Referred Outpatients
96,043 Total Outpatients
The New Interns Apartment Building Has 20 Furnished Apartments
Butterworth Hospital welcomes visitors at any time.
For a brochure or additional information
Write: Director of Medical Education
100 Michigan N.E.
Grand Rapids, Michigan 49503
M UNT CAR EL
ERCY HOSPIT L
DET RUIT, MICHIGAN
.1 , s
. If d I ,
A . .N 5
I . 'Er X If
. A ,, . ,iw "vQ"g+,
4, 'Ii' - ,A - - ,IN
, S . 4- N
LARGEST GENERAL HOSPITAL in NORTHWEST DETROIT
FULLY APPROVED HOSPITAL 526 BEDS
24 rotating internships 39 residencies in Medicine, Surgery,OB : Gyn, Pathology
AFFILIATED WITH UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN SCHOOL of MEDICINE
General Statistics: Admissions - In Patients 20,660
Daily Average Census 498
Out Patients I6,954
DIVISION OF MEDICINE DIVISION OF SURGERY
ADMISSIONS 4,975 ADMISSIONS 3 32I
DAILY CENSUS 166 MAJOR OPERATIVE PROCEDUQES 4 638
EKG's 9,553 MINOR OPERATIVE PROCEDURES s 474
DAILY AVER AGE CENSUS 271
DIVISION OF CLINICAL LABORATORIES
THERAIDY B, ,501-OPE 62 845 LAB PROCEDURES 404,169
PROCEDURES TISSUE 20 605
AIJTOPSIE 'L 5I7.
DIVISION OF PEDIATRICS
DIVISION OF OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY
ADMISSIONS 3 669
w I DAILY AVERAGE CENSUS 34
I NEWBORN NURSERY QBIRTHSI 4 012 GYNECOLOGICAL ,590
V r DAILY AVERAGE CENSUS 58 DAILY AVERAGE CENSUS 52
FOR INFORMATION ABOUT MT. CARMEL MERCY HOSPITAL WRITE TO: JOHN W. MOSES MD. DIRECTOR OF MEDICAL EDUCATION
the Q'l.13.1'l' inc
2215 W. Stadium Blvd.
Medical Equipment and Instruments for: Arm Arbor, Michigan
0 Medical Students Hours: 8:30 " 5:30
Monday through Saturday
0 Hospitals and Clinics
The Quarry has qualified personnel to aid the student, intern, resident, and
practicing physician in selecting the equipment best suited to his needs.
THE MEDICAL BOOK CENTER
THE MEDICAL STUDENT .Q G F
THE MEDICAL PROFESSION
6 S. Universify Ann Arbo M
I iff M11 I
I I f
I If ff rr
DETROIT MEDICAL CENTER
is 4: ci -41 ,:k,'
' I ir 4 iil lik 'ILI -':.' I
dim: in 5
se..-as -ve-I L- - - N- e--'-,.- 1- -- '
1111? "!!"'!!""2!"!' ""n.e! TFT' 'J'
""""""2 "!e"!s"!"'!:"!:'-N: gs TFT? "1"
"!!."..!" gf .. 3, i,- A ' :sawn
Iiflilf A U I.I.lI.L.l'..i.u..ln I! I
,h,,,-,WW in I ,:k, ,, In
Nu a ' -
Archifecfural Rendering Showing
NEW WEBBER MEMORIAL BUILDING
A Major Teaching Facilify of
WAYNE STATE UNIVERSITY
SCHOOL OF MEDICINE
TO THE CLASS OF T968
HEARTIEST CONGRATULATIONS, CLASS OF I968
For your professional consideration:
0 A 750 bed general hospital, including a large Intensive Nursing Care
Unit and Emergency Room
Annual Admissions . . . : 24,000
Births ............ : 2,000
Emergency Examinations: 32,000
0 A full complement of forty-eight residents
0 Affiliation with all three Michigan medical schools, including 75 guest
lectureships each year
0 Close association with the C. S. Mott ChiIdren's Health Center and
20,000 outpatient visits each year
For further information on Externships, Internships,
and Residencies, write:
Marshall Goldberg, M.D.
Medical Education Office
Where research marks the path for tomorrovv's medicine
BRONSON METHODIST HOSPITAL is a 380 bed, fully accredited, general hospital
with 12,500 admissions each year plus 13,500 visits to its outpatient clinics and emergency
unit. It has an active medical staff of 150 members of which over 50'X, are board-certified.
INTERNSHIPS: Fifteen rotating internships are offered each year with a stipend of S450
per month, two weeks paid vacation, meals, uniforms, laundry, a furnished apartment,
and hospitalization and malpractice insurance.
RESIDENCES: Residency appointments are offered each year in internal medicine, general
surgery, pediatrics, and orthopedics. A program is also available in general practice.
TEACHING PROGRAM: Under the supervision of a full time Director of Medical Educa-
tion, the program is affiliated with the University of Michigan Medical School. Teaching
conferences include bedside rounds on each service, clinical pathological conferences,
journal clubs, staff clinical service meetings, and special seminars. During the academic
year, members of the University of Michigan Medical Faculty visit the hospital for teaching
252 East Lovell Street
' KALAMAZOO, MICHIGAN
rounds, seminars, and lectures.
W A H R 9 S BOOKSTORE
IZ Rotating Internships.
For further information, write to:
Director of Medical Education
St, Marys Long Beach Hospital
509 East Tenth Street
81 Long Beach,Calil'ornia 90813
Try us for your needs . . .
3I6 S Sfafe NO 2-5669
ST. MARY'S LONG BEACH HOSPITAL
A non-profit, modern, 350 btd acute telchint,
General Practice Residencies ---Z Vears
Radiology and Pathology Residencics
All programs approved by the Council on Medical
Education ofthe American Medical Associ ltion
FINE CHINA, CRYSTAL, SILVER
Spode, Royal Copenhagen
ANN ARBOR'S FIRST CARPET STORE
Residential and Commercial
207 E. Washington St. 663-9353
La Lique, Leerdam
Georg Jensen, Allan Adler
JOHN LEIDY SHOP
Staffan Funeral Home, Inc. 60' E- ibeflv'
Ambulance Service 668-6000 607 E. Llbeffy
513 EAST HURON STREET TELEPHONE 663-4417
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN
CLASS OF 1968
and to the Aequanimitas Staff
It was a privilege and pleasure to make the photographs
521 E. Liberty
used in this book.
Bill and Barbara Toland
The Margaret Shop,
- White and Colored Uniforms
- Medical Shirts and Trousers
TO Nickels Arcade
Ann Arbor, Michigan
THE CULLEGE LIFE
Robert J. H ouck, C. L. U., and Associates
2355 EAST STADIUM BOULEVARD CQUAFIRY BUILDING, ' P. O. BOX 1511
ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48106 ' PHONE 663-0891
ACTIVE TEACHING PROGRAM
The Grace Hospital consists of
two general hospital units. The
Central Unit with 424 medical-
surgical beds is located in the
Educational and Medical Center
of the heart of Detroit. The
Wayne State University, College
of Medicine will soon be located
across the street from the Cen-
4160 JOHN R ST.
30 APPROVED INTERNSHIPS
Approved Residencies in-
Obstetrics and Gynecology
tral Unit. The Northwest Unit
with 447 medical-surgical-
obstetrical beds is located in one
of Detroit's nicest residential
, Department Visits
18700 Nevins nom
0P""""m""9v NORTHWEST UN.,
I . . .
Zurology For further information write to:
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Surgery DIRECTOR OF MEDICAL EDUCATION
THE GRACE HOSPITAL
OR STOP IN
DETROIT, MICHIGAN 48201
CODE 313 831-5800, EXT. 322
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COMPLIMENTS OF WAYNE COUNTY GENERAL HOSPITAL
Lan 0'YelZ, MC
Est. 1921 QUALITY PRINTERS
Fine Clothing 85 Furnishings
Ann Arbor Detroit Ann Arbor'sOldestPrin1ing Firm
326 S. State 41 Adams East
ANN ARBOR BANK
Medical Center Office lFores1 at Ann S1s.j and 9 more serving
Ann Arbor, Dexter, and Whifemore Lake, Michigan
Member: Federal Deposii Insurance Corp., Federal Reserve System
ANN AFISCJR FEDERAL SAVINGS
IVIernber': Fed I H me Loan S k Sy t: m v Feder I S g d L I C p tion
JACK D. OAKLEY, C.L.U.
A Prescription for Doctors
in Training and Practice:
I PLANNING +
M 5 W2,fi Q: A , 5. C X I.
LIFE INSURANCE COMPANY
527 E. Liberty 555-5400
Q39 661 i
xx A Celebrating 75 Years of Continuous Service to the Medical Profession
AND TRUST CDIVIPANY DF ANN ARBOR
ST. LUKES HOSPITAL - Saginaw, Michigan
A MODERN, FULLY APPROVED 259 BED
UNIVERSITY MEDICAL SCHOOL AFFILIATION
EXCELLENT MEDICAL LIBRARY
APPROVED INTERN TRAINING PROGRAM
TEACHING STAFF OF BOARD CERTIFIED
WRITE: DIRECTOR OF MEDICAL EDUCATION
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415, 41 Q9
IVYSVS V '10
With Good Wishes
MEAD JOHNSON LABORATORIES
ROBERT L. WILSON
2661 GEORGETOWN BOULEVARD 0 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN 48105
gmail' QQMZZM gym? Food 8K Drug Food Mart
'XLET gp A
James Marron 0 Qr Robert O'Hara MART INC.
11 Q, Packard 8 Stadium Church 8. S. University
4' 4R8oR1p5L' Package Liquor Store and
103 N. Forest
Beer and Wine Complete Food Service
Fountain - Lunches Unique
4 Full Time Pharmacists Food Stores
1 1 19 South University To Sem You 5e"'l"9 'he
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For 19 years the only hospital in Northern Michigan
offering an Intern Program 0 0 -
MUNSON MEDICAL CENTER
Traverse City N Michigan
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These w c xx ill
Thomas Mann Oelrichg
"bone is hardna
the Great Blue Heron and Halvor Ng
vitamin molecular structuresg
Dr. Votaw's damp eyes as he introduced Crosby:
Phi Chi notesg
the Gold Star Awards in pharmacology labg
Dr. j. G. Miller's "input overload"g
Don Hodges' questions and joe Barons answersg
the utter inscrutability ofa bactcriology examg
the lectures of Dr, Abramsg
rat facts and gunncrs:
Eddie Kahn and-lerry Conng
Ushifting dullness" on medicine roundsg
guaiacs and urines ad nausctmzz
Dr. Watson's blue stethoscope:
holding retractors and post-op 'critsg
Dr. l,iu's infectious smileg
Prince baby and Dr, Carrg
the Galcns Smoltersa
the Holmes-Campbell lecture seriesg
the Pose and the Follicleg
skut and Sheldon Schwartzg
the Alvarez rent-a-picket companyg
the joy ofthe Senior rotationsg
etc, etc., etc.
And if we carry away anything else, let it be ll desire to continue the
eduaation begun here, so that the admonitions and spirit of our instruc-
tors will not have been for naughtg so that we may stand tall in the
ranksjf our fellow-physicians. Finally, if this time in which we live is so
crucial, a fact only the perspective of retrospect can decide for certain,
let us hope that the members of this class of 1968 accept its challenges
as worthy ofthcir concern. ' h
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