University of Iowa - Hawkeye Yearbook (Iowa City, IA) - Class of 1893 Page 1 of 325
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Show Hide text for 1893 volume ( OCR) Text from Pages 1 - 325 of the 1893 volume: “ A T4 JUNIOR AN NUAL OF THE Class of ' 93 STATE UNIVERSITY OF IOWA IOWA CITY, - - IOWA 1692 FZEPUBLIGAN GOMPANY, • .NIIV,17ENS AND BINDE13S, • • • IOWA GPPY, IOWA. _ SirfAER ENG cu. ■vor. edioation. To MIOS NOYES euNNIEN The Nestor of title Collegiate this boob is inAeribed. as a tolwn of simple and llindlg rernerbrageo, Oreeting. , is the pleasure of the Class of ' 93 to present to the friends of University the second JUNIOR ANNUAL. Its general plan is same as that of its predecessor. It has no need to apologize for existence, and it is hoped that it will contribute its share toward ing for the State University of Iowa its proper place among the sities of the world. THE EDITORS. p introduction. EHOLD in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-one and the seventeenth day of the fifth month of the same there was a meeting of the class of ' 93 to decide whether to walk in the footsteps of its fathers and put forth to the S. U. I. world a second edition of the HAWKEYE. And it seemed good to the class of ' 93 to continue to walk in the paths of its forefathers and issue a JUNIOR ANNUAL. And after it had pleased the class of ' 93 to do this thing a great assembly was made and the wisest and most skilled were bade go forth and gather material of every kind from high and low, from far and near, to build a temple wherein the fame of this people should have a resting place. And the wisest and most skilled went out into the S. U. I. world, each his own way, seeking each after his own kind. And behold there was an Art editor among them, and he sought out many things artistic and he them into shapes pleasant to look upon m with the eye, and he showed all manner of life, how it was, and many other things besides. And an Athletic editor there was who was bound to show -• forth all sorts of manly sport. A nd he went over many athletic battle grounds, and he made a great account of which event each one of his people took and each event which one of his people took; and he sought out all and divers sorts of things ple asing to the youth of his land. And the Class editor went out throughout the many classes of the S. U. I. world and he made a great census of these people, big and little, and he told their many exploits and deeds of valor, and he numbered them all and set forth whence they came and where they are and all manner of the things they do and accomplish. And behold the people of this world make for themselves many societies and the like, each after his own likeness. And there was a Civic editor who recounted of each organization what reason it had to be, the aim and manner and mode of its being; and whatsoever else might worthily be told. The Chronological editor made account of every day and all that came to pass on the same. And behold thus many dates and events were made one. This thing seems strange, tho ' true: all humor is either male or female. Behold these people were a humorous people and two editors were dispatched to look out all manner of funny jokes, each after his own kind. And they found out whatever was laughable and disposed to jollity; and some also that chastise and teach and whatever else was proper. And behold there were Department editors two, and they went 5 r " out among this people and made an account of every department and its chiefs; when and where it was, and why; and what beside was seemly. And ye Literary editors also there were. And they found out many things of merit, both of poetry and of prose. And many things wise they found; and many otherwise. And of all they kept strict account and saved the best. And three Business Manage rs there were who sought out men of every craft and art in every land. Them many men did not know; these same men they do not know in their reckoning in the beginning and at the end. The men they know they would be glad for all men to know. And a Managing editor there was and he oversaw all things; and all things he saw, too. And all sorts and manners of things he was managing well. Behold, in the year eighteen hundred and ninety-two, in the second month and the twentieth day of the same there gathered themselves together these same, the wisest and most skilled, and whatsoever of any kind they had from everywhere. And the best chose they out, and lo! the JUNIOR ANNUAL was made. Behold how this they did. ----13oard o Editors. " hart Myers, Managing Editor A. S. Chaffee Rush C. Butler Business Managers A. T. Sanlord Will Bailey Julia Crawford C Literary Editors Fred Brasted S. IC. Stevenson Editors Frances L. Rogers, Civic Editor H. C. Ring Jessamine Jones humorous Editors Stella H. Price, Chronological Editor P. a Van Oosterhout, Class Editor Fred Neal, Athletic Editor W. H. Cochran, Art Editor ■ 7 BOARD OF REGENTS, His Excellency HORACE BOIES, Governor of the State, ex-officio. J. B. KNOEPFLER, Superintendent of Public Instruction, ex-officio. Term Expires. First District HOWARD A. BURRELL, Washington 1894 Second District DAVID N. RICHARDSON, Davenport 1894 Third District ALPHONS MATTHEWS, Dubuque 1.896 Fourth District ALONZO ABERNETHY, Osage 1896 Fifth District JOSEPH W. RICH, Vinton 1892 Sixth District ALBERT W. SWALM, Oskaloosa 1894 Seventh District....CARROLL WRIGHT, Des Moines Eighth District C A. STANTON, Centerville 1892 Ninth District SHIRLEY GILLILAND, Glenwood 1892 Tenth District B F. OSBORN, Rippey 1896 Eleventh District...CHARLES E. WHITING, Whiting 1896 Officers of the Board of ReQe9t5. HORACE BOIES, Waterloo .President LOVELL SWISHER, Iowa City Treasurer WILLIAM J. HADDOCK, Iowa City Secretary Executive Qorrimittqq. DAVID N. RICHARDSON, HOWARD A. JOSEPH W. RICH. 8 Class ' 93. MOTTO — Gradatim. COLOR — Light Blue and Old Gold. YEia, — Rah, Bah, Rah! Zip, Boom, Bee! Iowana! Ninety-Three! OFFICERS. FRED BRASTED, President. F. W. NEAL, . Vice President. JESSAMINE JONES, Secretary. RUSH C. BUTLER, Treasurer. HARD MYERS, Janitor. History. HIS is the World ' s Fair Class of S. U. I. Ever since that great day away back in our history when the voted for Campbell and the Cads split between Lay Hutchings, in the first of the only two election contests ever had—[the second being when His Excellency Hutchings left the University and handed to Miss Secretary his regretful resignation; and Her Vice Excellency Miss Nichols (since hymenealized), amid those blooming blushes ' 93 delighted to see, gently rapped the assembled meeting to an order and asked for nominations for a successor to the retired executive;—(a reference to the outward air seems necessary to make the narrative clear and complete. It was a January day and the snow fell thick and fast.) But despite the blow and the snow without, almost two loyal ninety-thirds—which is to say about fifty freshmen—gathered in the then Algebra room and voted long and often for Bannister, Chaffee and Butler, until a seventh ballot chose the cute keeper of the cupboard.]—Ever since those first ne ' er-to-be-forgotten gatherings, When Sainuer Like a young Henry Clay In a pitch considerably higher than A, 22 v --- C 1 Collegiate Department. " - gacuity an Instructors. CHARLES ASHMEAD SCHAEFFER, A. M., PH. D., President of the University. Born in 1843. University of Pennsylvania, 1861, A. B.; Harvard, 1863-65; Gottingen, 1867-69, D.; School of Mines (Berlin), 1868-69; Assistant in Chemistry, Union College, 1865-67; Professor of Chemistry and Mineralogy, Cornell University, 1869-87; of Faculty, 1886-87; President of S, U. I., 1887. AMOS NOYES CURRIER, A. M., Professor of Latin Language and Literature, and Dean of Collegiate Department. Born in 1832. Dartmouth College, 1856, A. B., in 1859, A. M. Taught six yearsin Central sity, Pella. Spent three and one-half years in military service. fessor in S. U. I. since 1867. SAMUEL CALVIN, A. M., PH. D., Professor of Geology and Structural Zoology. Born in 1840. Student in Lenox College. Enlisted in army in 1864. Instructor in and Science in Lenox College, 1865-66. Professor of Mathematics and in Lenox College, 1866-G9. Principal Fourth Ward School, Iowa, 1869-74. Professor in S. U. I., 1874. THOMAS HUSTON McBRIDE, A. M., Professor of Botany. Born in 1848. Student in Lenox College; Monmouth College, 1869, A. B.; in 1872, A. M. tinuously engaged in teaching since 1866. Professor in S. U. I., 1876. LAUNCELOT WINCHESTER ANDREWS, A. M., PH. D., Professor of Chemistry. Born in 1856. Yale, 1875, A. M.; University of Gottingen, 1882, Ph. D.; Professor in S. U. 1885. WILLIAM RUFUS PERKINS, A. M., . Professor of History. Born in 1847. Western Reserve College, 1868, A. B. Attended Bonn University; Berlin sity, A. M. Tutor and Assistant Professor in Western Reserve College, Assistant Professor History at Cornell University, Professor of History, S. U. I., 1887. GEORGE THOMAS WHITE PATRICK, A. M., PH. D., Professor of Philosophy. Born in 1857. S. U. I., 1878, A. B.; Yale, 1883, B. D.; Johns Hopkins University, 1888, Ph. Twice arpointed Fellow of Philosophy at Johns University; Professor in S. I. U., 1888. CHARLES DAVIS JAMESON, A. M., C. E., Professor of Engineering. Born in 1856. Bowdoin College, 1876, B. S.; engaged in general engineering work for nine Member Amorican Society Civil Engineers; Professor in Institute of Technology; Professor in S. U. I. since 1887. CHARLES BUNDY WILSON, A. M., Professor of Modern Languages and Literatures. Born in 1861. Attended Onondaga Seminary, 1877-80; Cornell University, 1884, A. B.; of Leipzig, 1884-5; College de France and Sorbonne, 1885; Fellow in Languages, Cornell University, 1885-86; Cornell, 1886, A. M.; Instructor in German in Cornell, 1886-88; fessor in S. U. I., 1888. LAENAS GIFFORD WELD, A. M., Professor of Mathematics. Born in 1862. Student of Northwestern University; S. U. I., 1883, B. S.; in 1885, A, M.; 1883-84; Professor of History and Literature, Burlington H. S., 1884-85; fessor of Mathematics in same school, 1885-86; Assistant fessor of Mathematics in S. U. I , 1886-17; fessor of Mathematics in 1887. ANDREW ANDERSON VEBLEN, A. M., Professor of Physics. Graduated from Carleton College in 1877, A. B.; in 1880, A. H.; post graduate student in Hopkins University, 1881-83; taught Mathematics in S. U. I., Professor in S. U. I., 1886. CHARLES CLEVELAND NUTTING, A. M., Professor of Systematic Zoology, and C urator of Museum of Natural History. Born in 1856. Blackburn University, 1880, A. B.; in 1883, A. H. Assayer for Battle Smelting Company, Red Cliff, Col., 1880-81. Scientific explorations in Costa and Nicaragua for Smithsonian Institute, 1882-83; in Florida, 1854-83; Professor in S. U. I., 1856. 10 GEORGE W. READ, 1st Lieut. U. S. A., Professor of Military Science and Tactics. Born in 1860. West Point Military Academy, 1883. Served in Wyoming and Indian from 1883 to 1889. Prize essayist of Military Service Institute, of 1889, gold medal and certificate of life membership. to report for duty at S. U. I., 1889. ISAAC ALTHAUS LOOS, A. M., Professor of Political Science. Born in 1855. Student of Otterbein College, Ohio; graduate student in Yale, 1878-81; Fellow Yale, 1881-82; Paris, 1882-83; Leipzig, 1883-84; Professor of History and Science in Western College, Toledo, Iowa, Professor in S. U. I., 1890. JOSEPH J. McCONNEL, A. M., Professor of Pedagogy. Born in 1851. Student of Ainsworth Academy; Washington Academy, Iowa; S. U. I., 1876, A. M.; Principal High School, Albia, Iowa, 1876-77; Principal High School, Iowa, 1877-79; Superintendent schools, Atlantic, Iowa, 1870-91; Member Board of Regents of S. U. I. since • 1886; Professor in S. U. I , 1891. LEONA A. CALL, A. M., Assistant Professor of Greek Language and Literature. Born in 1877. S. U. I., 1881, A. M. Taught three years in Central University, Pella, Taught in Cedar Valley Seminary, Osage, Iowa, and in Des College; Assistant Professor in S. U. I., 1885. MARTIN WRIGHT SAMPSON, A. M., Assistant Professor of English Language and Literature. Born in 1566. University of Cincinnati, 1888, A. B.; 1890, A. M.; University of Munich, 1887-88; Instructor in S. U. I., 1889; Assistant Professor S. U. L, 1891. CHARLES SCOTT MAGOWAN, A. M., Assistant Professor of Engineering. Born in 1858. S. U. I., 1880, A. B.; S. U. I., 1881, A. M. Engaged in general engineering work two years. Assistant Professor S. U. I., 1885. SARAH F. LOUGHRIDGE, A. M., Instructor in Latin. Attended Monmouth College, Ill., and Oswego Free Academy. Missionary in India, in Normal Department, S. U. I., 1870. Held present position since 1873. 11 FREDERICK WILLIAM SPANUTIUS, B. S., Ph. B., Instructor in Chemistry. Born in IF63. Yale, 1888, Ph. B.; Instructor in Chemistry and Mineralogy, Pennsylvania College, 1888-89; Instructor in S. U. I., 1889. OSCAR WILLIAM ANTHONY, M. S., Instructor in Mathe matics. Born in 1E67. S. U. I , 1889, B. S.., S. U. I., 1890, M. S.; Instructor in Physics, S. U. I., Took present position, 1890. FRANK STANTON ABY, M. S., Instructor in Biology. Born in 1E65. Morris Scientific School, 1883, B. S.; S. U. I., 1889, Ph. B., S. U. I., 1890, M. Instructor in S. U. I., 1889. THEODORE L. NEFF, A. M., Instructor in Modern Languages. Born in 1858. Do Pauw University. 1883; attended University of Leipzig ; University of Instructor in Modern Language and Literature in De Pauw University, Associate Professor, 1889-90; Instructor S. U. I., 1890. FRANK EMIL LODEMAN, A. B., Instructor in Modern Languages. Born in 1867. Indiana University, 1888, A. B.; student of Michigan State Normal School; in Case Scientific School, Cleveland, Ohio, 1889-90; Instructor in. S. U. I., 1890. BOHUMIL SHIMEK, C. E., Instructor in Botany. Born in 1861. S. U. I , 1883, C. E.; taught five years in Iowa City Academy and High School; two years Instructor in Zoology, University of Nebraska; Instructor S. U. I., 1890. ALBERT LEVI ARNER, B. L., Instructor in Physics. Born in 1819. University of Michigan, 1836, B. L.; Instructor in S. U. L. 1890. MRS. PAULINE KIMBALL PARTRIDGE, Instructor in Elocution. Born in Vermont. Student at Topstield Academy, Mass; Boston Conservatory of Music; Training School of Elocution and English Literature, 1873; taught fifteen in public schools of Massachusetts and Illinois; two years lady pal of Academy at Wilton Junction. Iowa; eight years Iowa City Academy; instructor in S. U. I., 1880. 12 HATTIE JEANETTE STIMMEL, PH. B., Instructor in Free-hand Drawing. Born in Ohio, 1868. Graduate of Iowa City High School; S. U. I , 1890, Ph. B.; Instructor S. U. I. since 1190. NATHANIEL W. STEPHENSON, Instructor in English. Born July 10, 1867, at Cincinnati, Ohio. Educated at Woodward School, University of Cincinnati, Harvard; Instructor in S. U. I., 101. B. L. WICK, PH. B., Fellow in History. Born in Norway, 1866. Received elementary education at Stavanger, Norway; S. U. I , 1191, Ph, Author of History of A mana Society. Elected to present position in 1891. MRS. ADA NORTH, A. B., Librarian. Born in 1140. Student of Peoria Academic School, Peoria, Ill., and Knox College, Ill ; Female College, 1159, A. B.; taught three years in public schools of Geneseo, Iowa State Librarian, 1871-78; City Librarian, Des 1878-79; became S. U. I. Librarian, 1179. MISS MARY BARBER, A. B., Assistant Librarian. Born in 1869. S. U. I., 1890, A. B ; taught one year in city schools, Iowa City, Iowa, Librarian since 1819. MRS. BERTHA A. RIDGWAY, Assistant Librarian. Born in Philadelphia, Penn, 1866. Assistant in Detroit Public Library, 1881-85. Took position in 1891. 13 jf-ie ti9iversity. BY PROF. A. N. CURRIER. HE first Legislative Assembly of Iowa, held during the latter part of 1838, asked Congress to donate four sections of land upon which a permanent seat of government might be established and appointed Chauncy Swan, John Ronolds and Robert Ralston to select the most suitable point in Johnson county for this capitol. Congress passed a bill on March 3, 1839, donating one section instead of four, as asked. As previously arranged, the three commissioners met at Napoleon, and after thorough examination selected Section 10, Township 79, north of Range 6, West 5th P. M. The Capitol was located on a hill overlooking the Iowa river, and in a square of ten acres. The town, which was called Iowa City, was laid off from this square as a basis in regular blocks and the proceeds from the sale of the lots went toward building the Capitol. The corner stone of this building was laid July 4, 1840. At about the same time Congress made a grant of two entire townships for the use and support of a University when the Territory of Iowa should become a State. This was accomplished on December 28, 1846, and in adopting the Constitution, the people of Iowa accepted the offer of the Government. This made the existence of the University a settled fact, so the next thing to be done was to locate it, and to this end the Iowa Legislature passed a bill locating the University in Iowa City, the public buildings and grounds to be turned over to it as soon as vacated. A little later it was decided to establish branches at Fairfield Dubuque on an equal footing " in respect to funds and all other with the parent institution. Thus we see that three universities 1 while there was not enough support for even one, but unfortunate arrangement was soon done away with. The University Fairfield severed its connection with the State in 1853, and owing to fact that a law was passed to the effect that no branch of the University t was to receive funds until the revenue of the parent institution should exceed $3,000 per year, the University at Dubuque was never organized. The new Constitution, adopted September 3, 1857, restricts the University to " one place without branches at any other place. " The direct management of the University was vested in a Board of Trustees, the Legislature ing entire control and being directly responsible for the support and proper 14 management. The Board held regular meetings, but did nothing of importance until 1854, when the Mechanics Academy was leased for a time and two professors were appointed, but since these professors declined to act, the organization was abandoned. In March, 1855, the University was again opened with better success. Three professors were selected at first, but the number was increased to five before the end of the term. Amos Dean was then selected as Chancellor and acted as such for four years. During the same year the first catalogue was issued and a course of study laid out. According to the catalogue there were to be nine departments: I. Ancient Language. II. Modern Language. III. Intellectual Philosophy. IV. Moral Philosophy. V. History. VI. Natural History. VII. Mathematics. VIII. Natural Philosophy. IX. Chemistry, Normal and Preparatory. The idea was to supply a professor for each department, but it was not fully carried out and but little work was done until 1860, owing to the extremely meager support. In 1857 the Capitol building was vacated and the University took possession, but the poor condition of the building and the lack of any means of repairing it rendered much work impossible. From April, 1858, to tember, 1860, all departments excepting the Normal were closed, and all professors excepting the Chancellor were discharged. The first class ated from the Normal Department in June, 1858. The opening of the University in 1860, under eight departments, marks a new era in its history, the first class graduating three years later. In 1864 the South Building was finally completed, and in the same year the ture made the necessary appropriation for the Chapel Building, which was completed during the following year. At the Board meeting in June, 1865, the old organization was abolished and the University divided into the Collegiate, Normal and Preparatory Departments, the former comprising the Classical and Scientific courses. The Law Department was established in 1868, and the Medical Depart- ment in 1870. During the year 1868 the Preparatory Department was abolished, but one year added to the four years required to graduate from the Collegiate Department, and changes were also made to give the student a general idea of engineering. This was, perhaps, the beginning of the engineering course, although no chair was established. In 1872 the Philosophical and ing courses were added to the two courses already in existence in the ate Department, and in the year following the Normal Department was merged into the Collegiate, leaving only the Collegiate, Law, and Medical. Three other departments have since been added—Homoeopathic Medical in 1877, Dental in 1882, and Department of Pharmacy in 1885. The original land grant has not done what it should for the support of the University, owing to forced and unfortunate sales, and not to agement. The University is not well endowed by any means, only receiving about $15,000 annually from the endowment fund and must rely upon the liberality of the State for its support. Until recent years the above tioned liberality has been nothing astonishing, and the institution has not grown as fast as desirable. It was cramped for room and funds, but matters have been improved lately. Prior to 1865 it was practically an academy. 15 True, there was the Collegiate Department, but only about one-sixth of the total number attended this and the standard of work required then is nothing like that required now. The attendance has been constantly increasing, however, and there are now enrolled over 900 students in the various departments. On the campus there are five principal buildings besides several smaller ones, all heated by steam from a central plant. Beside these there are buildings locate d outside the campus including a large Hospital, the Observatory and the Homoeopathic Medical Building. Through the generosity of the city, the public square, situated one block east of the University campus, was given to the state for University purposes. The last legislature made an appropriation for the fine new Chemical Building which now occupies the southwest corner of the square. At the present time the control of the University is entrusted to a Board of Regents. consisting of the Governor of the State and the Superin- tendent of Public Instruction, ex-officiis, and one member from each gressional District, who are elected by the General Assembly for a term of six years. The President of the University was formerly a member of the Board, but this plan has been recently abolished with very satisfactory results. The following is a list of the presidents and the time for which they have served: From To Amos Dean, LL.D 1855 1858 Silas Totten, D.D., LL.D 1860 1862 Oliver M. Spencer, D.D 1862 1867 Nathan R. Leonard, A.M. (acting) 1867 1868 James Black, D.D 1868 1870 George Thacher, 1).1) 1871 1877 Christian W. Slagle, A.M 1877 1878 Josiah L. Pickard, LL.D 1878 1887 Charles A. Schaeffer, A.M., Ph.D 1887 16 1 RESIDENT GRADUATES, MARY E. BARBER. A. 13. State University of Iowa—German. HELEN M. BUTLER. Ph. B. State University of Iowa—American History. HELEN LOUISE COPELAND. Ph. B. State University of Iowa—English Literature. DORA GILFILLAN. Ph. B. State University of Iowa—German. ELLA M. HAM. A. B. State University of Iowa—Latin. ANNIE E. HINMAN. B. S. State University of Iowa—Latin. HELEN M. HARNEY. Ph. B. State University of Iowa—English. GILBERT L. HO-USER. B. S. State University of Iowa—Paleontology. ADA FLYNN HUTCHINSON. Ph. B. State University of Iowa—Economics. MRS. CORA L. NEFF. Ph. B. Depauw University—French. MRS. FLORA WAMBAUGH PATTERSON. A. M. Cincinnati Wesleyan College—Botany. H. FRANK RALL. A. B. State. University of Iowa—Greek. BLANCH SCHWLNGLEY, A. B. Cornell College—English Literature. BESSIE WICKHAM. A. B. State University of Iowa—Pedagogy. KATE WICKHAM. Ph. 13: State University of Iowa—Latin. CHARLES L. SMITH. A. B. State University of Iowa—History. • A. J. Cox. C. E. State University of Iowa—French, Engineering. 17 Class ' 92. MOTTO — Indocti distant et meminisse periti anent. COLOR — Dark Blue and Old Gold. YELL — High I cry! Do or Die! Bah, rah, rah! Wah, Haa, Hoof Fourteen Hundred;—Columboo, Eighteen Hundred;—Who? Who? S. U. I.! Ninety-Two: That ' s Who. ' Hooray! OFFICERS. KATHARINE B. BARBER, President. W. T. CHANTLAND, Vice President. D. T. SOLLENBARGER, Secretary. W. R. WHITEIS, Treasurer. PiStOry. 3 a class we have reached the evening of our existence. Clio ' s scroll is nearly filled. Soon to leave a spot around which cluster so many pleasant recollections, we naturally pause to review the record of our class career. Four years have almost fled! Four years! What an age it seemed when we entered as Freshmen, and how swiftly they have passed. How hard it is to realize that our little world, the ideal world of college life, must end, and the practical struggle begin. It is difficult to write the history of a class, since college life, as a whole, is so largely routine. Recitation and study time follow from one team to another with unvarying regularity, and it is with these that class life is closely associated. Each member has his own history and experiences which we, as a class, cannot share. The friendships formed, the culture and training gained are all personal, even the honors won in oratory, declamation, athletics and scholarship, while they gratify class pride and give us redound mostly to the credit and advantage of the individual. Still our personal experiences have much in common. 18 ��L, r We all vividly recall the first impressions of our Alma Mater, the new faces, the anxieties of examinations, the embarrassments and worry incident to our new surroundings, the first opinion of our classmates, modified or totally changed by the years of association and friendship, the fury of the " scrap " when we taught the arrogant Sophomores that ' 92 had come to stay. The banquet! that epoch of college life; the feast, enlivened by tales of daring deeds on the hard fought field and hairbreadth escapes from desper- ate Sophomores. As Sophomores the Blue again victorious and presuming Freshmen taught to know their place. These memories are the heritage of every class, the mile stones of their history, which cling most persistently in our mind. But ' 92 has not been content to walk the humdrum path of ordinary class experiences. A spirit of enterprise was present which was to find expression. Four times its members have won honors in oratory, and once carried the banner of S. U. I. to th e interstate contest. In all enterprises which have advanced the interests of the University and given it a wider fame, members of ' 92 have born a prominent part. The JUNIOR ANNUAL was first projected and pushed to a successful issue by this class, a monument to class spirit and an incentive to succeeding classes. The four years have been years of prosperity for the University. The number of students has steadily increased: the methods and facilities for study and investigation perfected and enlarged. Calumnies and slanders have been refuted; the University has taken its true place as the leading educational institution of a great state. The University has achieved more than a state-wide influence and reputation in education and athletics. While the Regents and Faculty have been foremost in this development, much credit ' is due to the enterprise of the students, Whose associations in oratory and athletics are so instrumental in advertising the University. In these projects ' 92 has held a prominent place. What we have gained from our college course depends upon ourselves. Whether success or disappoint- ment awaits us amid the pleasant personal recollections of our Alma Mater, we will cherish warm in our hearts the memory of ' 92. 19 Register. NAME. COURSE. RESIDENCE. Ankeney, Nellie W. Sc. Des Moines. Bailey, Annie C. Sc. West Branch. Barber, Katharine Brainerd Ph. :Iowa City. Brown, Florence E. Ph. Marengo. Cannon, Rob ' t M. Eng. Wyman. Cartwright, Samuel Gray Ph. Mediapolis. Chantland, William T. Ph. Fort Dodge. Clarke, Laura Ph. Iowa City. Cook, George C. Cl. Davenport. Cuplin, Millie M. Cl. Iowa Falls. Eudaly, Milton T. Cl. Des Moines. Ferrer ' , William Alvah Sc. Corydon. Flynn, Charles J. Cl. Dubuque. Gaymon, May L. Ph. Iowa City. Heppenstall, Marvin I. Ph. Springdale. Hollingsworth, Horace S. L. Sigourney. Holman, E. H. H. Cl. Sergeant Bluffs. Kahlke, Edward L. Sc. Rock Island, Ill. Kelly, Harry Eugene Ph. Williamsburg. Lyon, Milford Hall Cl. Humboldt. McVay, Perry Cl. Letts. Mekota, Joseph L. Solon. Meyers, F. W. L. Denison. Monnet, Julien Charles Ph. Keosauqua. Moore, Sophia Ph. Iowa City. Munger, I. E. Ph. Waterloo. Myrick, Arthur Eugene Ph. Anamosa. Nelson, Frank Ph. Swedesburg. North, Howard M. Cl. Iowa City. Otto, Aggie Elizabeth Sc. Iowa City. Patton, Fannie D. Ph. Iowa City. Pierce, Frank Gilman L. Marshalltown. Ray, Fred G. Eng. Parkersburg. Richards, Harry S. Ph. Spokane Falls, Wash R ogers, Julia E. Ph. Minburn. Russell, Frank G. Sc. Fort Dodge. Sargent, Perry L. Ph. Corydon. Shambaugh, Benjamin F. L. Iowa City. Shambaugh, George Elmer Ph. Iowa City. Solenbarger, David Thomas Sc. Corydon. Stiles, George W. Ph. Marshalltown. Stotts, John H. Sc. Riverside. Stowe, Frederick A. Ph. New Hampton. 1 20 NAME, COURSE, RESIDENCE, Sueppel, Joseph Wolfgang Cl. Iowa City. Thompson, Marie D. L. Independence. Ver Veer, Sam Eng. Oskaloosa. Walker, William IL Ph. Keokuk. Weiss, Albert Frank Sc. Iowa City. Whiteis, William R. Sc. Urbana. Wilson, Bertha M. Cl. Iowa City. 21 Class ' 93. MOTTO — Gradating. COLOR — Light Blue and Old Gold. YELL — Rah, Rah, Rah! Zip, Boom, Bee! Iowana! Ninety-Three! OFFICERS. FRED BRASTED, F. W. NEAL, . JESSAMINE JONES, RUSH C. BUTLER, HARL MYERS, President. Vice President. Secretary. Treasurer. Janitor. History. HIS is the World ' s Fair Class of S. U. I. Ever since that first great day away back in our history when the politicians voted for Campbell and the Cads split between Lay and Hutchings, in the first of the only two election contests we ever had—[the second being when His Excellency President Hutchings left the University and handed to Miss Secretary Lay his regretful resignation; and Her Vice Excellency Miss Nichols (since hymenealized), amid those blooming blushes ' 93 delighted to see, gently rapped the assembled meeting to an order and asked for nominations for a successor to the retired executive;—(a reference to the outward air seems necessary to make the narrative clear and complete. It was a January day and the snow fell thick and fast.) But despite the blow and the snow without, almost two loyal ninety-thirds—which is to say about fifty freshmen—gathered in the then Algebra room and voted long and often for Bannister, Chaffee and Butler, until a seventh ballot chose the cute keeper of the cupboard.]—Ever since those first ne ' er-to-be-forgotten gatherings, 22 When Samuel Like a young Henry Clay In a pitch considerably higher than A, K .. �.�.�....o. __.. ) with remarkable regularity would rise for information, or Kaye, the dictator, would stop the meeting to say, " Peace, be still! I object, " or Ben, Laying aside his aspirations would raise good and numerous points of order; or when Chaffee, Irish and Wetherell contested the honor field opened by a call for a ' 93 yell, and Chaffee ' s turnout, being more delicately poetic than the others, won the hearts and votes of the maidens who didn ' t have to yell it; ever since,--in short, ever since we were Freshies, we have intended to brate the completion of the course by a visit to the World ' s Fair as a class. There in the Iowa building, on some mammoth ear of corn stood up on end, we shall have Sandy (standing also on end)—in that pleading, logical, con- vincing oratory peculiar to himself—proclaim to the passing millions from all the corners of the globe the hustling qualities of ' 93 ' s scholars and the mightiness of ' 93 ' s foot ball men.t " See yell on preceding page, tAhlers will be called back from Ann Arbor to stand at the side of Sandy and the ear of corn as a living example of ' 93 ' s size. 23 RecAster NAME. COURSE. RESIDENCE. Bannister, Ward L. L. Des Moines. Bailey, W. Cl. Washington. Barrett, Albert E. Cl. Iowa City. Beardsley, George Ph. Burlington. Bonar, Jesse Lee Cl. Nevinville. Brasted, Fred Sc. Schaller. Butler, Rush Clark Ph. West Superior, Wis. Campbell, Murray A. Ph. Des Moines. Chaffee, Alney E. Cl. Iowa City. Cochran, William Henry Eng. Iowa City. Crawford, Julia M. Ph. Gillespie, Ill. Cunningham, Matt C. Cl. Cedar Falls. Elliott, L. B. Sc. Iowa City. Ende, Carl L. Sc. Burlington. Fair, Adam Bert Ph. Agency. Fickes, Clark R. Eng. Iowa City. Fitzpatrick, T. J. Eng. Centerville. Furbish, Frederick Eng. Iowa City. Gleason, Maggie Ph. Audubon. Gruwell, George Walker Ph. West Branch. Harvey, Charles C. L. Leon. Hensel, Blanche A. Ph. Iowa City. Johnson, Elza Charles Ph. Maquoketa. Jones, Jessamine L. L. Algona. Kaye, W. W. Cl. Iowa City. Langenhorst, Felix John Sc. Luana. Larrabee, William, Jr. L. Clermont. Mason, Oscar H. L. Cl. Batavia, N. Y. McMillan, D. A. W. Cl. Oxford. McMillen, Peter A. Cl. Competine. Miller, Robert P. Sc. Eddyville. Moore, Charles B. Sc. South English. Moore, Lizzie Sc. Tipton. Mueller, John George Sc. Iowa City. Myers, Harl L. Marshalltown. Neal, Fred W. L. Stewart. Parker, Bessie G. Ph. Warsaw, Ill. Price, Stella H. Sc. Iowa City. Rees, Elizabeth L. Iowa City. Ring, Herbert Clarence L. Center Point. Robb, Edwin A. Ph. Vail. Rogers, Frances L. Cl. Marshalltown. Sabin, Gerald N. • L. Glendale, N. Y. 24 III NAME. COURSE. RESIDENCE. Sanford, Allan Tilghman Ph. Amber. Scofield, Norman B. Sc. Washington. Slotterbec, Clara A. L. Independence. Smith, Clarence W. H. Eng. Burlington. Speer, Jessie L. L. Princeton, Mo. Stevenson, Samuel Kirkwood Ph. Iowa City. Stover, Charles Carroll Cl. Iowa City. Swanson, Fred E. Ph. Muscatine. Troy, Henry M. Ph. Argand. Van Oosterhout, Peter D. Ph. Orange City. Williams, Maggie E. Ph. Iowa City. Willis, Maria Eloise Ph. Iowa City. 25 Class ' 94. MOTTO- Omnis actio se renumeratur. COLOR —Corn Color and Amethyst. YELL—Hark to my cry! Never say die! ' 94, ' 94, S. U. I. OFFICERS. 1 W. L. CONVERSE, President. I INEZ KELSO, Vice-President. MARY HOLT, • Secretary. W. A. LOMAS, Treasurer. JOHN HORNBY, • Historian. History. RED arrow shot through a candy heart would symbolize the present historian ' s feelings. The ANNUAL editors have been following him up and demanding this history in a way that might make an outsider think the downcast historian was owing the editors a nickle or so. But this is not the case, though the torian sighs as he thinks of the great task..before him and into what little space his history must be crowded. A history of the Sophomore Class in four hundred words! Did you ever hear the like? If the editors had said in four hundred chapters it would be something like it, but four hundred words! We have a good mind to use truly Sophomoric words, they would surely cover space enough. But we are wasting our valuable space and still more precious words, so we will proceed to the history. This has been a truly eventful term, such a term as forms an epoch in history. Nobody can forget the night before the banquet; the paste pots and paint pots, the edifying pictures by various artists, and the guys, mate and inanimate, who greeted the sun next morning. But we are now at one with the Freshmen, although their president came very near being separated into fractions, and another man had his moustache divided by two, which, by the way, left such a slight remainder that he abolished it 36 altogether. Sundry members of the Sophomore class, too, went home one Saturday morning with an appearance suggestive of a waterspout and ing not a word about a certain pump. But let us hush these tales of strife. We now treat the Freshman boys patronizingly and occasionally smile encouragingly at the girls. Let no .man occupying a high position in life, let no Sophomore forget how highly the world of ordinary men prizes his condescension and patronage. And so, " with malice toward none and charity for all, " we close our brief outline, for it is useless to attempt depicting the triumphant struggles of, the Class of ' 94 in the few score of words allowed us, and wishing the Class of ' 95 all success, and feeling assured of the greatness of ourselves, the Sophs, we will come to the four hundredth word, to a period. 27 Register. NAME. COURSE. RESIDENCE. Alford, Mary E. Ph. Waterloo. Apple, Beaumont Sc. Panora. Bloom, Mant • Cl. Bridgewater. Conner, W. D. Eng. Clinton. Calvin, Will J. Eng. Iowa City. Cash, James M. L. Iowa City. Clark, Orson Whitney Sc. Ogden. Coldren, Urania S. L. Iowa City. Collins, Annabel L. Iowa Falls. Converse, Willard Lincoln L. Cresco. Cowperthwaite, Joseph Irving L. Iowa City. Craig, James Alexander Ph. Keosauqua. Crum, John Van Fleet Sc. Bedford. Dean, Lee Wallace Eng. Muscatine. Dey, Curtis T. Eng. Iowa City. Donohoe, Thomas A. L. Iowa City. Dorcas, Herbert C. Ph. Tipton. Elliott, Lloyd L. L. Iowa City. Fairchild, D. S. Eng. Ames. Forest, Effie Cornelia L. Miles. Fracker, George Albert Cl. Iowa City. Gilchrist, Bedelia Ph. Iowa City. Haberstroh, Mary L. Iowa City. Hall, Belle Ph. Mediapolis. Hamilton, Arthur Stephen Sc. Wyoming. Heath, Alice L. Manchester. Heath, John L. Dow City. Hiatt, Richard Sanders Sc. Des Moines. Holbrook, James B. Cl. Marengo. Holbrook, David 0. L. Onawa. Holloway, Harvey J. L. West Branch. Holmquist, A. J. Cl. Burlington. Horak, Bertha Sc. Iowa City. Holt, Mary Chastina Ph. Waverly. Hopkins, Earle Palmer Cl. Nashua. Hornby, John A. L. Davenport. Jaques, Jo Ralph Cl. Ottumwa. Jones, Elizabeth D. L. Iowa City. Johnston, Jessie R. Sc. Ida Grove. Kalkofen, Emma E. Ph. Fontanelle. Kelso, Inez Fannie Ph. Sewal. Lee, Ray Parvin Eng. Iowa City. Lindsay, George Francis Eng. Davenport. 28 NAME, COURSE. RESIDENCE. Lindsay, John Eng. Iowa City. Lomas, Willis Alvin Sc. Cresco. Lumbar, Marshall E. Ph. Algona. McElderry, C. W. Eng. Afton. Miller, Frank S. Cl. Coon Rapids. Mills, Frances L. Iowa City. Noble, Glenn S. Eng. Cresco. Noble, Ralph Elliott Sc. Cresco. Page, Carl David Sc. Cham, Switzerland. Paisley, Albert A. Cl. Burlington. Plum, Harry Grant L. Shelby. Rees, Cettie L. Iowa City. Reimers, Charles Denkmann Sc. Rock Island, Ill. Robinson, Leonard Browning Sc. Iowa City. Rutledge, Albert T. Cl. Granger, Mo. Sampson, Wright Speer, Jessie L. Tantlinger, Walter Wales, Maud Howe Warren, Ellen M. White, Edward Speer Wilcox, Delano Wise, Albert Woolston, Frank Eng. Cincinnati, Ohio. L. Princeton, Mo. Cl. Lone Tree. L. Iowa City. Pb. Rock Valley. Cl. Harlan. Sc. Malcom. Eng. Sioux City. Eng. Denison. 29 Class ' 95. YELL —Hi! Hi! Hi! We survive, S. U. I. Ninety-five. OFFICERS. 0. C. ANDERSON, President. E. B. WILSON, Vice-President. MAE E. LOMAS, Secretary. CORA M. PRIOR, . Treasurer. W. H. BLAKELY, Sergeant-at-Arms. J. L. KINNONTII, A. H. 1VIcKINLEv, • Hawkeye Committee. L. ANNA ROBINSON. pistory. .6 HEN the class of ninety-five arrived in Iowa City we knew the Sophomores would be waiting for us. We had heard 4 of that person in scripture " who roareth about like a lion seeking whom he may devour " and we expected to find J his counterpart in the class of ' 94, but were resigned. We expected to endure a certain amount of torture, to be sneered at and joked about for a month or so and then be received as brethren, but when we learned our strength we became defiant and the Sophomores gazed at our 80 stalwart men in wonder, which turned to despair as they reviewed their own scanty ranks, 60 all told, men, women and children. But on our part, we knew that in the struggle ahead of us, while the Sophomore might come i n like a lion, he was bound to go out like a lamb. We held our first meeting in the North Hall on Saturday, September 26. All our ambitious statesmen were there, and had they been ward politicians they could not have worked more persistently than did the friends of the rival candidates. 0. C. Anderson was elected president on the first ballot. We then proceeded to make preparations for meeting the Sophomores. All 30 hoped to abolish the old-time " scrap " by substituting the " cane rush. " The Sophomores, on the other hand, as we soon discovered, preferred the old style treatment for all cases of freshness. During our next meeting three Sophomores, who had violated the sacred truce then existing between the two classes, were placed under the pump to atone for their transgressions. The Thursday before the banquet the Sophomores met near the South Building to carry our president into exile, but no, we could not bear the thought of such cruel separation, and our president soon rested, not in the country, but in the St. James, that friend of the Freshman. The cane rush, which had been arranged for that afternoon, added fresh laurels to the achievements of our class, but over the thousands of bills and gallons of paint with which our city was decorated that night we draw the mantle of charity and leave it to future classes to decide whether it was an honor or a disgrace. Our banquet surpassed all former efforts in that direction. Fifty or more of us were at the St. James at the appointed time, where we celebrated our victories and enjoyed ourselves. The Sophomores, weak and weary, were not able to endure another night ' s struggle, but their lawless allies succeeded in turning off the gas. Of our class in general we can only say that we are the largest, liveliest and most (no, we ' ll not mention it for fear of offending the Sophomores), but we will say that there never was any class like us, and while our class is nearly perfect, unlike the " Class of ' 94, " we have neither Plums, Crums nor Bums, nor do we boast of any category of living wonders; in fact, we expect to get our subjects for horticultural and zoological study from other sources. 31 ReQister. NAME. COURSE. RESIDENCE. Aldrich, Charles S. L. Tipton. Alford, E. Louise Ph. Waterloo. Allen, Joseph H. Ph. Laurens. Anderson, Oscar C. L. Voss. Ashley, Clementine M. L. Iowa City. Bailey, Charles H. Eng. Iowa City. Barrett, Mary E. Ph. Iowa City. Beard, Grenville D. E. Eng. Council Bluffs. Black, Eva C. Ph. Iowa City. Blakely, William H. Eng. Delta. Bastedo, Kate L. Atlantic. Bowman, Bessie Ph. Davenport. Bowman, Charles H. Ph. Davenport. Bruce, Ella E. Sc. Iowa City. Burge, Grace V. Sc. Iowa City. Butler, Sarah L. L. West Superior, Wis. Cavanagh, Lucy Sc. Iowa City. Church, Frances L. Peru, Neb. Close, Alice A. L. Iowa City. Davis, Walter M. L. Iowa City. Decker, Edward G. Sc. Davenport. Ditzen, Henry E. C. Ph. Davenport. Ewing, George C. Ph. Henderson. Fatherson, Thomas W. Eng. Keosauqua. Foulke, Maggie Ph. Agency. Frank, Edward V. Eng. Parkersburg. Garwood, Norma L. Ph. Marshalltown. Garwood, William W. Ph. Marshalltown. German, Burt Eng. Maquoketa. Gilmore, Merrill C. Sc. Tipton. Girtler, Blanch V. Ph. Iowa City. Glass, Eva Ph. Mason City. Gleason, Fred B. Sc. Audubon. Gunsolus, Frank H. E. Eng. Tipton. Hackett, Ethel A. Ph. Coralville. Hadlock, Ida M. Sc. Ida Grove. Hartman, Russell T. Eng. Eddyville. Harvat, Clara R. L. Iowa City. Henderson, Rose L. Atlantic. Hinman, A. Chauncey W. Sc. Iowa City. Hodges, Winifred A. L. Iowa City. Horne, Geneva L. L. Iowa City. Houser, Eva L. Iowa City. Howell, Gertrude Ph. Iowa City. 32 NAME. COURSE. RESIDENCE. Hubbard,, Frank R. Eng. Corydon. Hull, Charles Sc. Marengo. Hull, Henry C. Cl. Ainsworth. Hummer, Joseph Sc. Iowa City. Huntington, W. Spencer Eng. Oelwein. Hutchison, Fred J. Sc. Lake City. Hutchinson, Zelah H. Eng. Muscatine. Ingham, Fred L. Algona. Jackson, Lester T. Cl. Iowa City. Johnson, Reginald H. Cl. Davenport. Jones, Elizabeth Ph. Iowa City. Kallenberg, Henry F. L. New York, N. Y. Kaye, Percy L. Cl. Iowa City. Keefe, Harry L. Elma. Keller, Chris. H. Ph. Tipton. Kinmouth, Jesse L. L. Columbus City. Kostomlatsky, Julemia L. Iowa City. Kunkel, Edward E. Eng. Davenport. Lawrence, Graham W. Cl. Iowa City. Littig, Victor L. Ph. Davenport. Lomas, May E. L. Cresco. Lovell, Frederick W. Eng. University, Cal. McCarron, James Ph. Manchester. McCoy, Charles H. L. Centerville. McGuire, Mamie M. Sc. Iowa City. McKinley, Archibald A. L. Postville. McKinley, Nannie M. L. Postville. Manatt, Albert P. Sc. Brooklyn. Martin, Roland Sc., Martinsburg. Martin, Walter G. Sc. Muscatine. Mason, Webster L. L. Davenport. Massman, Dora Sc. Chicago, Ill. Miller, Charles W. L. Coon Rapids. Miller, Eva L. Adel. Moffat, Albert H. L. Mechanicsville. Morrison, James R. Sc. Traer. Parker, Horace E. Sc. Mason City. Parsons, Irene E. L. . Iowa City. Peet, Theresa Ph. Anamosa. Powell, William P. Eng. Iowa City. Pratt, Harry 0. L. Iowa City. Pryor, Cora M. L. Iowa City. Rankin, Mary E. Ph. Allerton. Remley, Jessie A. Ph. Iowa City. Rhynsburger, Hubert Ph. Orange City. Rigg, George B. Sc. Woodbine. Robinson, Fred H. Sc. Iowa City. Robinson, L. Anna Ph. Iowa City. Rogers, Arthur M. Sc. Minburn. 33 NAME. Howell, Louis J. Schulze, Carrie L. Seaman, Earnest W. Seaman, James W. Seydel, Emma A. Shinn, Anna L. Solenbarger, George FL Speer, Harriet B. Stone, John C. Stover, Bert M. Townsend, D. Watson Thomson, Archibald V. Virtue, Jesse C. Walrod, Claude D. Walters, Harry M. Watkins, Wendell P. Watkins, Anne J. Whinery, Jessie R. Williams, Herman P. Williams, S. C. Willis, Bernard D. Wilson, Edwin B. Wood, Clarence E. Wright, Albert F. COURSE. RESIDENCE. L. Tipton. Sc. Iowa City. Ph. Davenport. Ph. Davenport. L. Iowa City. Sc. Springdale. Sc. Corydon. L. Ft. Smith, Ark. Cl. Glenwood. Sc. Marengo. Eng. Sioux City. Sc. Decorah. L. Bedford. Ph. Barnum. L. Tipton. Eng. Iowa City. Ph. Iowa City. Ph. Marshalltown. Cl. West Liberty. Ph. Iowa City. E. Eng. Iowa City. Sc. Iowa City. Sc. Thornburg. Eng. Allerton. 34 Special Students. Adams, John Q. . Burckle, Albert H. Burckle, Anna M. Block, Louis Blair, Fred B. Cannon, M. E. Conr ad, Belle . Carroll, A. E. Clark, Lola . Cochran, Nellie . Dower, James M. Evans, J. G. Haskins, S. Estelle Hawley, Mrs. H. C. Hayes, H. C. . Holloway, Charles E. Hutchison, Mary J. Long, Mrs. J. H. McClure, Will P. McGinn, Frank P. Mallory, B. H. Marshall, Martha A. Merrill, Nelson Minchen, John P. Morehouse, Harry L. Morrow, Harry . Nash, Roscoe A.. Otto, Clementine C. Peek, Benton F. Rate, Abbie H. . Pasadach, Herman R. . Ridgeway, Mrs. Bertha A. Robinson, George A. Ross, Frank F. . • . Sawyer, Mrs. S. F. . Seaton, Elvin R. Shearer, James W. Sinnung, August Swanson, Mae Tremain, Byron E. Vogt, Carl A. . Wright, 0. R. . Walsh. Charles H. . Wheeler, Lerona A. Chapin. Iowa City. • Iowa City. Davenport. • Manchester. Iowa City. Independence. McCausland. • Dexterville, Wis. Iowa City. • Parnell. Waterloo. Wenona, Ill. Iowa City. • Iowa City. Mt. Pleasant. • Iowa City. Davenport. Greene. Maquoketa. Hampton. Iowa City. Gladbrook. Carroll. Swedesburg. Iowa City. Lohrville. Iowa City. Oregon, Ill. Iowa City. Tipton. Iowa . Iowa City. • Iowa Newton. • Red Oak. Spangenberg, Ger. Iowa City. Marathon. Iowa City. Barnum. Clinton. Iowa City. 35 Law Department.--.- gaculty and Lecturers. EMLIN McCLAIN, A. M., LL. D., Resident Professor. and Chancellor of Law Department. Born in 1851. B. Ph , S. U. I., 1871; A. B., 1872; LL. B., 1873. Practiced law in Des Moines, 1873-81; Professor, S. U. I , 1881; Vice-Chancellor, Law Department, Chancellor, 1890; LL. D. ( Honorary), S. U. I , 1891. EUGENE WAMBAUGH, A. M., LL. B., Resident Professor. Born in 1856. A. B., Harvard, 1876; A. M., Harvard, 1877; LL. B , Harvard, 1880; Member Cincinnati bar, 1880-89; Professor, S. U. I., 1889, SAMUEL HAYES, M. S., LL. B., Resident Professor. Born in 1842 B. S , University of Michigan, 1869; M. S , University of Michigan, 1875; tendent of Public Schools, Galena, 111., 1869-79; Practiced law, 1881-90; Professor S. U. I , 1890; LL Honorary), S. U. I , 1891. GEORGE G. WRIGHT, LL. D., Lecturer on Professional Ethics and Constitutional Limitations. Born in 1820. Indiana State University, 1839. Studied law; Served as Chief Justice of Supreme Court of Iowa, and U. S. Senator; Lecturer, S. U. I., 1865-70 and 1885—. L. G. KINNE, LL. D., Lecturer on Taxation. Born in 1845. Law Department, State University of Michigan, LL. B.; District Judge; Judge Supreme Court of Iowa; Author of " Kinne ' s Pleading and Practice. " 36 a a W. G. HAMMOND, LL. D., Lecturer on the History of Common Law. Born in 1829. A. 13 , Amherst, 1849; A. M., 1352. Admitted to the bar in New York, 1851; LL. Iowa College, 1870; Amherst, 1871; Professor, Iowa Law School, Des.Moines, 1866-68; Chancellor, Law Department, S. U. I., 1868-81; Dean Faculty, St. Louis Law School since 1881. GIFFORD S. ROBINSON, LL. B., Lecturer on Appellate Practice. Born in 1843. LL. B , Washington University, St. Louis, Mo., 1869; Representative in the General Assembly of State of Iowa; Senator in the 19th, 20th and 21st Assemblies; Judge of Supreme Court of Iowa since Lecturer, S. U. I , 1891. MRS. J. L. WILSON, LL. B., Librarian. Educated at Fort Edward Collegiate Institute, Saratoga Co., New York; Graduated from mercial Department of same institution; LL. B., S. U. I., 1391. 37 pistory. HE Law Department of the State University really had its beginning at Des Moines, in a private Law School there established in 1865, by Judges Wright and Cole, of the Iowa Supreme Court. At the beginning of the second year William G. Hammond became associated with these gentlemen in this enterprise. The school was incorporated as the Iowa Law School, and remained in Des Moines for three years, when. provision in 1868 being made for the ment of a Law Department in the State University, the Iowa Law School was dated with that department. The instructors of the former school became the professors in the new department. William G. Hammond was placed at the head, and was at that time the only resident Professor. Thc school naturally commenced with a small number of students, having. on an average, while at Des Moines, fourteen each year, and the first year at Iowa City, twenty-five. But this number steadily increased as the advantages offered by the school to those seeking a legal education became more generally known and understood. For many years the department was greatly hampered in its work by the easy conditions required for admission to the bar in the State. A single year of study, even under. the most favorable circumstances, is a very inadequate preparation for practice. But it was found impossible to induce any considerable number of students to remain in the school two years when at the end of one they could gain admission to the bar. It was not until 1884 that the Legislature of the State passed a law requiring two years of study for admission. This was a very important step for the department, for it now required and established a two years course upon a firm basis, and that which before had been hastily done could now be done with much more care and thoroughness. Although a two years course was a gre at improvement over the one, so was the one over the same length of time spent reading in an office, and the school from its foundation has done much toward the improvement of the bar, both in this and in other western states. While the faculty of the department has always looked By permission, the writer has drawn largely from an article written by William G. Hammond in the " Year Book " for 1817-8, and one by Chancellor McClain in the September Green Bag for 1889. 38 W. G. HAMMOND. S. HAYES. L. G. KINNE. EMLIN McCLAIN. MRS. J. L. WILSON. G. C. WRIGH T E. WAMBAIGH. G. S. ROBINSON. . toward a higher degree of professional learning, they have believed that this would be best brought about by keeping in touch with the bar and meeting the actual requirements for admission as they existed at the time. Meanwhile they have done all they could to raise those requirements and whenever there has been a step in advance in this direction it has been quickly taken advantage of by the school. Thus when the two years course was first established, it was thought best to admit to second year standing, those who are known as ragged seniors, or men who have spent one year reading in an office and are able to pass a preliminary examination. But, as preliminary to the requirement that graduation shall mean two full years of study in some law school, the department has already adopted the rule that no one shall be admitted to senior standing who has not in his previous year ' s study had at least ten weeks in this or some other nized law school. The members of the faculty have, at all times, but perhaps especially in late years, given much attention to the best methods of instruction. While every good teacher of law will doubtless be found to employ certain methods peculiar to himself, yet all of these methods may, in a general way, be classified under these heads; lectures, text-books, and the study of cases. All of these methods have been used in the department and, as might be expected, each is found to have its strong and weak points. The lecture system, in its purity, seems better adapted to fix in the student ' s mind, rather the general principles than the details of a subject. When it comes to details, many comprehend more readily through their eyes than through their ears. A thorough understanding then, of a subject given wholly by lecture, often necesitates the taking of very full notes and a careful study of those notes afterward. The student feels that he might as well have had a text-book to begin with. Much depends upon the lecturer. For a general presentation of a subject a skilful lecturer is often very effective. The lectures of Judge Adams will long be remembered by those who heard then) as effecting to a marked degree the purpose for which they were given. The value to be gotten out of a text-book depends largely upon the instructor who conducts the class. The great need is that the students should be directed to the important points which lie at the foundation of the subject. And then a subject needs to be presented in different lights ,and from various standpoints. The instructor who will do this and who brings to his subject a power to sift and systematize, will achieve tory results with a good text-book. And so some of the important subjects are thus taught. It is quite evident that the department is working more and more into the case method of instruction. That is, studying a subject by studying the cases upon that subject. This is slow, but, if properly done, exceedingly thorough. It is the method which every good lawyer employs when he is Preparing a case for trial. It becomes important, then, that the student should master this method. But merely mastering the method or learning how to read cases is not what is meant by the case method of instruction. It is maintained by the upholders of that method that the knowledge of the law gained by reading the cases is much more definite and accurate than if gained by the ' other methods . .While there is much truth in this, it may be said, on the other side, that there is danger that the student will get a 39 disconnected view. A good instructor can do much toward overcoming this difficulty, however, and the case method in connection with more or less informal lectures has been in use in the department for some time. The recent work done on Damages may be said to have been an application of the method, pure and simple. The great objection, as before said, is the larger amount of time consumed. But whether law is to be studied by the case method or not, it is important that the method itself should be thoroughly mastered. It may look like a simple matter, to one who does not know, to find out what a case decides. But experience shows that the ordinary student does not find it simple. A recent course on the Study of Cases has been introduced to meet this want, which promises to be of great practical value. But whether law is to be studied by the case method or not, it is important that the method itself should be thoroughly mastered. It may look like a simple matter, to one who does not know, to find out what a case decides. But experience shows that the ordinary student does not find it simple. A recent course on the Study of Cases has been introduced, to meet this want, which promises to be of great practical value. One of the most valuable exercises is to be found in the Moot Court practice. There have been various methods of conducting these Moot Courts, tested by the department from time to time, but the method now in operation is to try the case before one of the Professors acting as a court without a jury, with two students as attorneys on each side of the case. These attorneys have placed in their hands a type-written statement of facts, which is to control the evidence which they can introduce. The evidence is introduced by means of students called as witnesses, who have been previously instructed by the attorneys regarding their testimony. The attorneys must see to it that everything material to their case is proved by these witnesses, and if the attorneys in their zeal prove facts which are not included in the statement of facts given out, these will simply be regarded by the Judge. The introduction of evidence is followed by arguments on the law and by citations of authorities. The intention is to make these trials conform as nearly to actual practice as has been found upon experiment to give good results. There have been two methods employed by the various law schools. throughout the United States regarding their instructors. First that these instructors shall give the school their individed attention, and second that the instructors shall be drawn from the ranks of practicing attorneys and judges, and shall take from their professional duties sufficient time merely to present their special subjects. The Law Department has the advantage of both of these plans, three of its faculty of seven belonging to the first class. Students usually find not only that the heavi est work falls upon the resident Professors, but that a better quality of work is done by them. A good instructor must give the subject of teaching a greater amount of attention than it is likely to receive at the hands of one who does not make teaching his whole business. To some extent at least the value of a law school may be judged by the number of professors it has, who give the school their time. The present year has first witnessed the publication of a Law Bulletin. The venture was something of an experiment, but has already shown itself 40 of great value. The Bulletin is issued in pamphlet form, at irregular intervals as needed, and contains articles by the various Professors and others. But its distinctive feature consists in lists of hypothetical questions selected with much care upon subjects which are being pursued in the school at the time. Authorities are not often cited, and the idea is that whenever the student is in doubt he is to look up the authorities for himself. The amount of discussion which these questions have caused caused among the students, and the care with which they have looked up the authorities whenever there was a difference of opinion, can leave no doubt as to the value of these lists. As has been already said, William G. Hammond was the first chancellor of the Department. He was connected with the school for fifteen years, and from the removal to Iowa City in 1868, up to 1881, he was at the head. Chancellor Hammond has long been famous for his ripe scholarship. Few men have ever been better qualified to hold so high a position. He was succeeded by Lewis W. Ross, who held the position from 1881 to 1887. Chancellor Ross had been in 1879 a lecturer on Real Property in the department, and in 1880 had held a full professorship, removing to Iowa City and giving the school his time. He therefo re came to the ship with an intimate knowledge of its duties. Upon his retirement in 1887, James M. Love was chosen to fill the vacancy. Chancellor Love at this time had for over thirty years held the position of United States District Judge. This would prevent his residence in Iowa City, and so it was arranged that Emlin McClain under the title of Vice-Chancellor, should have the executive management of the department in the absence of the Chancellor. In 1889 Judge Love retired from the Chancellorship, retaining his position as lecturer in the department, and Professor McClain was raised to the position which he still holds. His liberal education, both general and legal, and the advances which the department has made under his direction, sufficiently testify to his fitness. He is supported by Eugene Wambaugh and Samuel Hayes, resident professors, who give their entire attention to the school, and by a number of prominent lawyers at the bar, or on the bench, who come to the school and present their special subjects. At no time has the department given such universal satisfaction and done such thorough work as at present. Its library has been recently enlarged and the facilities for using the same greatly increased. A higher grade of scholarship is manifesting itself among the students, and as the years go by they are bringing to their work better preparation and greater earnestness. To the great improvement which the last few years has witnessed in the University as a whole, the Law Department has contri- buted its full share. 41 Senior Class. OFFICERS. MATT GA ASCII, President. J. H. DuNNAN, . Vice President. P. S. CORY, . Secretary. J-listory. Law Class of ' 92, came into existence September 10th, 1890, and was at that time composed of about seventy members. %d The recruits who came in during the winter increased our numbers to ninety-three. The years work was well and faithfully done, and June 12 we parted, proud of the progress we had made and anticipating great things for the coming year. On re-assembling September 16th, ' 91, we discovered, by a careful count of noses, that there were but seventy-one present to claim the right to attach to their names the proud appellation of Sr. Some of those absent passed the examination before the Supreme Court and were admitted to the bar. Some are attending in other jurisdictions, while Mrs. Wilson,. our lady member, outstripped the class and graduated with the class of ' 91. While the standard of morality in the class is high, we only boast of nineteen church members, divided as follows, Catholics eight;• Methodists three; Baptists two; Congregationalists three, and Christians three. Politically the class is composed of forty-four republicans and seven democrats. The average age is twenty-four. The average weight about one hundred and fifty pounds. Without boasting we may say that the class of ' 92, will be the best equipped law class ever graduated from the S. U. I. All previous classes have had quite a number of students who, after reading law in an office, have finished here in one year. Under the present law this is not permitted, so that nearly all the members of the class have had the benefit of two full years of instruction under able professors. The meeting for the election of class officers was held during the second week of the fall term. The business was soon Dunnan, Matt Gaasch, Drew the first prize. His speech of acceptance was somewhat as follows: " Fellow students: I thank you for the honor conferred and trust we may be Able to conduct our meetings with una-Lloyd pleasure and dispatch. For thirty years I have Baird my Chester head to the battle and the storm. .mss 42 and, fellow students, it is only by continual effort that we can make our Marks. We must not Howland Swett, neither waste our time Rominger round the campus.. In other words if we wish to be Fuller of the law we must ' Fisher cut bait ' Hanley our heads at night on a volume of stone. " Thus briefly have we presented the past and present of the Law Class Of ' 92. Who shall write its future ? What grand ambitions lurk within the brain of those who meet with each recurring day to stamp upon the palette of the brain those principles of equity and right which have existed since the world began, which Blackstone touched with his palatial mind, since embellished by the try of Coke, to be filled out, perfect and complete when burnished by a Miller or a Waite? 43 Register. Able, Harry J. Frenchtown, N. J. Allen, Harry D. Waterloo. Artherholt, Wade W. Shell Rock. Baird, Henry J. Malcom. Baker, David Grant Boone. Baker. Henry C. Iowa City. Baker, James A. State Center. Bale, William George Waverly. Blim, John Waterloo. Bolton, Ralph P. Des Moines. Bowen, Edward E. Dubuque. Burnham, Walter R. Storm Lake. Campbell, Oscar L. Ottumwa. Carpenter, James E. Columbus Junction. Chantry, Alfred Malvern. Chester, Will F. Des Moines. Clark, Burr Oscar Mt. Carmel, Ky. Cochrane, Fred J. Iowa City. Coleman, Samuel H. Mt. Pleasant. Cory, Phil S. What Cheer. Culligan, John Maurice. Davis, Guilletti G. Green Island. Dougherty, Thomas M. Clarinda. Drew, Wm. L. - Newton. Dunnan, John H. De Witt. Evans, Thaddeus D. Mars halltown. Farlow, Edgar J. Grant. Ficke, Robert C. Davenport. Fisher, Simon . Denver, Ind. Flynn, Charles Dubuque., Fuller, Levi H. West Union. Gaasch, Matt, . Vinton. Gilbert, Hans Andrew Estherville. Gray, Henry Mason Bagley. Hanley, William H. Le Claire. Harrington, Francis M. Iowa City. Hawe, John Farley. Hawkins, J. C. Newton. Hazlett, William Muscatine. Howland, Burt J. Villisca. Ingham, Clarence W Toledo. Jennings, William H. Davenport. Kemmerer, Louis D. Grinnell. Kennedy, John P. Montrose. Kratz, Lemuel M. Hampton. 44 Lawson, Hugh Hedrick. Lloyd, James H. Charles City. Lufkin, Arthur K. Newton. McCrary, Clarence B. Vernon. McIntosh, John E. Atalissa. McMorrow, John C. Elkport. Maguire, Thomas F. East Dubuque, Ill. Marks, Louis Morton Davenport. Molsberry, Fred M. Plymouth. Mullin, Will C. Iowa City. - Orton, Ira D. Princeton, Mo. Park, William Herbert Allerton. Reynard, Frank K. Creston. Rominger, Ellsworth Bloomfield. Shaffer, Michael S. Atkinson, Neb. Shorey, Joe Davenport. Sindlinger, John Harry Waterloo. Stewart, John Douglass Norway. Stutsman, Carl Allen Burlington. Swett, Fred C. Cedar Rapids. Tamisiea, Frank Missouri Valley. Telford, George B. Alanthus, Mo. Thompson, F. Warren San Francisco, Cal. Thompson, George B. Omaha, Neb. Torgeson, Lawrence W. Somber. Walsh, Thomas Ed. Van Horn. Waterman, Luther Amos Villisca. Weaver, Harry Otis Wapello. S FIRST CASE. 45 Junior Class. OFFICERS. B. H. MALLORY, President. R. C. MORSE, . Vice-President. K. W. MAREAN, Secretary and Treasurer. Cl2ro9iele. T came to pass in the year of our Lord thousand eight hundred and ninety-one, when Benjamin was chief ruler in the land, when Horace surnamed Boies was chief priest and high protector of Iowa between mighty rivers ' of Mississippi and Missouri, the members of the Junior Law class journeys into far off parts, even unto the land of Johnson by the river Iowa, there to sojourn for two years, and sit at the feet of prophets whose names are Emlin McClain, Eugene surnamed Wambaugh, Samuel surnamed Hayes, and there listen many things which were strange in the countries from whence they came. In those days it came to pass that all the wise men who dwelt in the cities along the rivers and on the plains had likewise come from the land of Johnson by the river Iowa, where they had been instructed in the ful mysteries of law. Great books had been written by the prophets in that land, catalogues had been distributed which stated, " Woe unto you who read this arid heed not the sayings made therein. " But lo! many valiant youths from many tribes and various lands came; for they believed that what the wise men and the catalogues said must be so, and they were not deceived. Along the way many youths were frightened by evil reports: they heard of many other places where the course was easy, and the work light; where law could be absorbed without work, and where law-givers could be trained without study. Nevertheless the sayings of the wise men and the words of the catalogues prevailed, and the valiant youths passed those places and went through many lands until they came to the land of Johnson, which is by the river Iowa. There were bearded men and beardless youths who had come al 1 the way from the countries beyond the mountains; those who had •6 come from the lands by the rivers of Missouri, Platte, Nebraska; from the golden shores of Erie, in the land of Penn, and from the lands of the Creoles who dwell near the sea. Now it had been foretold by the Scribes and the Pharisees that there should arise a second Athens by the river Iowa, and it came to pass that many shepherd lads saw visions and dreamed dreams. Then glad tidings came from this land of Johnson by the river Iowa. Youths and old men arose and said to each other thusly: " Lo, we must go to this land of son by the river Iowa, and join the Worlds Fair class, in order to be instructed in the ways of the law-giver, for the life of the pedagogue, the farmer, the book-agent, the tree-peddler, is too hard, " and it was so. They came from all parts of the country, took upon themselves the yoke of law and rejoiced muchly, and already after three months instruction they said among themselves, lo! that we could get a chance to scatter the seeds of law over this broad land. Now it came to pass after the first week expired, which was in the first change of the moon, that the chief prophet said to his servant, " Go, count the people, " and the servant did so. And lo! all they of the Junior Law class were seventy and five, all told. Then the chief prophet of the tribe of McClain called the flock together, " a most remarkable flock it was, " so the chief prophet said. He spoke of the importance and of the depth of the subject, the hard study involved if a youth (?) would succeed; then we shuddered muchly, and thought of the places we had passed on the way where the course was easy, and where the burden was light; but we wanted to sit at the feet of these prophets of the law, so we tarried. After the chief prophet had spoken, the keeper of the University seal ( in the revised version called secretary ), called in a loud voice saying: " Hear ye! Hear ye! Come and empty your purses into the University coffers, for so it is written in the catalogue, " and we did so. Now it came to pass after a few days that we had election of officers; it was a hard fought battle, and from that day, which was at full moon, we date our origin as a class organization. The elders, in the popular speech called Seniors, tried to interfere, but the children of the World ' s Fair class, seventy and five all told, were valiant and mighty, and they made short work of the elders, called seniors. This was not to be wondered at, as the prophet said: " We could not as yet distinguish between right and wrong. " When the prophets had made an end of lecturing, something called examinations came. Then there was much weeping, wailing and gnashing of teeth, and then we went home much rejoiced. This is what is found in the chronicles; how we came to the land of by the river Iowa, what the prophets said, and what great things we did, and thus endeth the first chapter of our existence. 47 it Register° Abegglen, John Fred Adams, John Q. Bailey, William Dolittle Baker, John L. Barry, Simon W. Barthell, Howard F. M. Beckman, Fred Will Behrens, Fred Ernst Bergland, Engbert Blair, Fred Bloomer Block, Louis Blood, Henry S. Bray, Edward J. Brown, Winfield Ayres Burt, Leroy Joshua Buser, Jonas D. Calhoun, Julian Cassius Carroll, Alexander E. Cartwright, Samuel Gray Cash, James M. Clark, Isaac M. Coe, Victor G. Dallas, Don H. Dawson, Carl E. Dower, James M. Dutcher, Charles Mackey Egeberg, Hildus Foley, Michael E. Francis, Leslie E. Gorrell, Arthur R. Groves, Geo. F. Habegger, Jay Arnold Hammon, Victor Orin Hanzal, W. T. Hawley, George Franklin Hayes, Henry Clymo Hayner, Royal C. Howell, Ralph Preston Hudson, Edwin P. Hutchinson, Marion E. Johns, Edward Benton Kavanagh, Thomas A. Kelleher, Denis Kennedy, Fred L. Korab, Paul A. Larrabee, Samuel H. Ludolph, William L. Lovilia. Chapin. Grinnell. Winterset. Nichols. Decorah. Lake City. Preston. Delano. Manchester. Davenport. Park Rapids, Minn. Grinnell. Whatcom, Wash. Booneville. Conesville. Winchester. McCausland. Mediapolis. Iowa City. North Platt, Neb. Rock Rapids. Tipton. Grinnell. Parnell. Iowa City. Brookings, S. D. Adrian, Minn. Spirit Lake. Newton. Cherokee. Erie, Pa. Ottumwa, Ill. New Prague, Minn. Manchester. Iowa City. Clinton. Iowa City. Hampton. Lake City. Sioux City. Dunlap. Fonda. Newton. Iowa City. Mt. Vernon. Rock Island, Ill. 48 CENT A I BUILDING. McCluskey, Henry McGinn, Frank P. McVay, Perry T. Mallory, Benjamin H. Mana.tt, Albert Marean, Kitt W. Marlow, James W. Mekota, Joseph Meyerhoff, Dennis H. Minchen, John P. Mitchell, Charles H. Monnet, Julian Charles Moore, Charles S. Morse, Robert C. Nichols, Roger Clarence Nugent, Patrick O ' Connor, John Peasley, Fred F. Peery, Nelly Reynolds, Robert R. Ross, Elmer Edgar Runkle, Jesse Abner Ryan, William T. Robinson, George A. Seaton, Elvin Roberts Shelton, John Adams Smith, Harry L. Starr, James P. Stiles, George W. Stover, Albert Mark Stump, George Ellsworth Toogood, Harry Peck Tremain, Byron Edson Ure, Samuel Ralph Walker, Martin S. Walsh, Charles H. Wick, Barth L. Wilcox, Fred M. Willett, William Delmar. Letts. Hampton. Brooklyn. Belle Plaine. Decorah. Iowa City. East Nodaway. Carroll. Waterloo. Keosauqua. Rockford. Iowa City. Vinton. Aplington. Independence. Kellerton. Trenton, Mo. Clinton. Clarks, Neb. Iowa City. Van Horne. Hampton. Des Moines. Des Moines. Iowa City. Keosauqua. Marshalltown. Marengo. Newell. Manchester. Marathon. New Hampton. Burlington. Clinton. Norway. Montour. Decorah. 49 Medical Department. gccculty ancZ instructors. JOHN CLINTON SHRADER, A. M., M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, and Lecturer on Hygiene and Sanitary Science, and Dean of Faculty. Born in 1830. College of Physicians and Surgeons, Keokuk, Iowa, 1865, M. D. Long Medical College Hospital, 1870. Western College, 1876, A. M. President Board Medical Commissioners. Professor in S. U. I. since 1870. PHILO JUDSON FARNSWORTH, A. M., M. D., Professor of Materia Medica, Therapeutics and Diseases of Children. Born in 1830. University of Vermont, 1854, A. B.; in 1857, A. AI.; in 1858, M. D. College sicians and Surgeons, New York, 1860, M. 1). Professor in S. U. I. since 1870. WILLIAM DRUMMOND MIDDLETON, A. M., M. D., Professor of Surgery and Clinical Surgery. Born in 1844. Bellevue Medical College, 1865, M. D. Practiced Medicine since 1868. of Physiology in S. U. I., 1870-87. Professor of Theory and Practice of S. U. I., 1888-91. Took present position, 1891. CHARLES A SCHAEFFER, A. M., PH. D., Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology. LAWRENCE WILLIAM LITTIG, A. M., M. D., M. R. C. S., Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicine, and Assistant to the Professor of Surgery. Born in 1858. St. Vincent ' s College, Cape Girardeau, Mo., 1880, A. B ; in 1882, A. M. S. U. I., 1883, M. D. University of Pennsylvania, 1884, M. D. Royal College of Surgeons, England, 1887, M. R. C. S. Resident Physician Philadelphia (Blockley) Hospital, 1884-85. Special student in University of Berlin, 1886-87. Also in Royal Hospital, Vienna, 1887-88-89-90. Professor of Anatomy, S. U. I., 1889-91. Took present position, 1891. 50 P. J. FARNSWORTH. V. D. MIDDLETON. J. C. SHRADER. C. A. SCHAEFFER. W. F. PECK. L. W. LITTIG. J. R. GUTHRIE. WOODS HUTCHINSON. b JAMES RENWICK GUTHRIE, A. M., M. D., Professor of Physiology and Microscopic Anatomy. Born in 1858. Lenox College, 1883, A. M. S. U. I., 1884, M. D. Professor in S. U. I., 1890. SAMUEL CALVIN, A. M., PH. D., Professor of Histology. J. M. PARKER, JR., M. D., Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology. Born in 1860. State University of Iowa, M. D. Hospital service, Mt. Vernon. N. Y., New City, Washington, D. C., Vienna, Paris, London. Surgeon Royal Army. Professor in S. U. I., 1891. WOODS HUTCHINSON, A. M., M. D., Professor of Anatomy, and Lecturer on Diseases of Skin. Born in 1862. • Educated at Ackwork School, Yorkshire, England. Penn College, Iowa, A. M. University of Michigan, 1884, M. D. Hospitals of London, Paris and 1887-S9. Professor of Hygiene and Physiology, Iowa College of cians and Surgeons, Des Moines. Editor of " Vis trix " . Professor S. U. I., 1891. ELBERT W. ROCKWOOD, A. M., Assistant Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology. Born in 1860. Amherst College, 1881, B. S. Instructor in Chemistry, Cambridge ( Mass.), English High School. Chemist, Hatch Experiment Station, Connecticut. Assistant Chemistry, Wesleyan University, Connecticut. Instructor in Chemistry, Mineralogy and Assaying, Cornell versity. S. U. I., 1889. ALFRED CHARLES PETERS, M. D., Lecturer on Laryngology and Rhinology, and Secretary of Faculty. Born in 1862. Educated in Gorman private and public schools. Since engaged in practice Medicine. Demonstrator of Anatomy, S. U. I., 1887-91. Took present position 1891. JAMES W. DALBEY, A. M., M. D., Lecturer on Ophthalmology and Otology. Born in 1863. Illinois College, 1888, B. S. University of Michigan; 1881-87. College of and Surgeons, N. Y., 1888, M. D. Lecturer in S. U. 1., 1889. GERSHOM H. HILL, A. M., M. D., Lecturer on Insanity. Born in 1816. Iowa College, Grinnell, 1871, A. B. Rush Medical College, 1871, H. D. and Superintendent of the Hospital for the Insane, at Independence. 51 EMLIN McCLAIN, A. M., LL. Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence. JOHN W. HARRIMAN, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy, and Curator of Medical Museum. Born in 1865. Student at Cornell College, and Northwestern College Illinois. S. U. I., 1891, M D. Assistant Demonstrator, S. U. I., 1890. Took present position, 1801. E. H. WILLIAMS, Demonstrator of Histology. Born in 1868. Educated at Charles City, Iowa, High School; S. U. I. Registered Pharmacist Iowa and Illinois. Demonstrator of Histology, S. U. I., 1891. CHARLES E. RIGGS, Demonstrator in Chemical Laboratory. Born in 1869. Educated at Iowa City Academy and S. U. I. Demonstrator in S. U. I., 1891. See Collegiate Faculty. t See Law Faculty. 52 G. H. HILL. E. MC CLAIN. J. AL. PARKER. S. CALVIN. A. C. PETERS. J. W. HARRIMAN. J. W. DALBE V. E. W. ROCKWOOD. 04 I Jno3 33 UT Jfi )3,rra,Rt; T kE AikistC.cR, (YER, jca, p Pe QV. I C;;;CI BY PROF. P. J. FARNSWORTH. T a meeting of the Trustees of the State University September 17th, 1868, it was decided to establish a Medical Department. At the June meeting of 1869, the organization was effected and a faculty appointed, consisting of Dr. W. F. Peck, of Davenport, Professor of Surgery, Prof. Gustavus Hinrichs, of the University, Chemistry, Dr. P. J. Farnsworth, of Clinton, Professor of Materia Medica, Dr. W. S. Robertson, of Muscatine, Professor of Practice of Medicine, Dr. W. D. Middleton, of Davenport, Professor of Physiology, Dr. J. H. Boucher, of Iowa City, Professor of Anatomy, Dr. J. F. Kennady, of Tipton, Professor of Obstetrics, Judge J. F. Dillon, Professor of Medical Jurisprudence, Dr. J. C. Shrader, Lecturer on Diseases of Women and Children, Dr. E. H. Hazen, Lecturer on Ophthalmology and Otology. An appropriation was made to fit up a space in part of what was called the South Hall, two rooms and the basement. No money being available for the support of the department, the faculty appointed agreed to open the school and carry it on without compensation until the Board could provide for its support by grant from the State. Dr. Kennady resigned and his place was filled by Dr. J. C. Shrader. Diseases of Children was added to the chair of Prof Farnsworth. A lecture- ship on Dentistry was filled by Dr. P. T. Smith, of Iowa City. He was succeeded by Dr. Wilson and Dr. Kulp. The first term opened with thirty-nine students, eight of whom were ladies. A rule of the University had been established that there should be no distinction in sex or color, in any department. Up to this time there was no Medical School of mixed classes. On account of the rule and the limited facilities, there was no alternative but to instruct the classes together, with no variations. The plan worked well and was found in every way to be the best solution of the question. Since then it has been adopted everywhere. The ment obtained considerable notoriety from it, and from an item widely published, saying, that " in the Medical Department of the University of Iowa might be witnessed something found nowhere else in America, a class of men and women dissecting on the same subject. The number of women in proportion to the men is small, but often they are the most enthusiastic and proficient. The Term was sixteen weeks, the requirements for graduation two full courses of lectures, satisfactory ination, evidence of legal age and good character. 54 Yi r -.■■■••■•■• At the close of the term there were three graduates. They having taken a previous course elsewhere. Prof. Boucher resigned and in the summer, Dr. E. F. Clapp, of Washington, was chosen in his place. The second term opened with seventy-one students, nine of whom were ladies. In March there were sixteen graduates, four ladies. For the third term there were ninety-four students, and in March a graduating class of thirty. For this year the professors were allowed salaries of $900, for the previous years enough to pay actual expenses. For the lecturers, from $100 to $500 ( Jurisprudence, Ophthalmology, Insanity and Dentistry ). Being a State institution, fees are nominal in accordance with the other ments — a matriculation fee of $5; lecture fee, $20; graduating fee, $25. A building belonging to the University, formerly used for a normal school, was fitted up for a hospital mainly through the voluntary contributions of the people of the city, and by the Sisters of Mercy, in whose charge it was placed. Cases came from every part of the State, so that the surgical clinic very fairly illustrated that branch. The eye and ear clinics were largely attended. Professors Robertson and Middleton held weekly clinics of medicine, and Professor Shrader gynecological clinics, which are still successfully carried on. Judge Dillon removed from the State, and his place has been filled by several, principally professors from the Law Department. The next year the attendance reached a hundred, with a graduating class of twenty-five. Since then the numbers have increased to 150, at about which figures they have remained to the present time. The old rooms had become too crowded and inconvenient, ing they had been enlarged until nearly half the building was occupied. In the winter of 1882 the Legislature appropriated $30,000 for a new medical building, which was commenced as soon as possible in the spring, at the south end of the campus. It was ready to be occupied about the middle of the fall term. This gave ample accommodations for the Department, though thing in the rough, for the money was exhausted before the inside was quite finished. The salary of the professors was raised to $1,000 each, the term was lengthened to twenty weeks, and a preliminary examination required. A three years graded course was established, which was optional. The room for microscopy, under Professor Middleton, was fitted with more instruments, and a course of lectures was given hygiene. In January, 1882, just after the completion of his course on insanity, Dr. Mark Ranney, Superintendent of the Hospital for the Insane, died. He was succeeded by Dr. A. Reynolds, of Clinton, who served for two years, and was followed by Dr. G. H. Hill, of the Hospital for the Insane, at ence. The term of 1887 opened with a full attendance of students and faculty. Professor Hinrichs had resigned the chair of Chemistry, which was filled by President Schaeffer and an assistant. Soon Professor Robertson ' s health failed, and he (lied January 20th, 1887. He was a noble man, and a very great loss to the Department and the community. Professor Middleton was transferred to the chair of Practice. Dr. R. W. Hill, Demonstrator of Anatomy, was appointed to the chair of Physiology. In the summer of 1888 it was resolved to extend the term to full six months, and require a three 55 years graded course. The salaries of the professors were placed at $950, with a promise of increase as soon as the funds could be reached. They have continued at that rate up to the present time. The course for 1889 opened prosperously. In this term Professor Clapp resigned the professorship of Anatomy, and at the end of it Professor Hill resigned the chair of Physiology. In the fall of 1890, Dr. L. W. Littig took the chair of Anatomy, and Dr. J. F. Guthrie was elected to that of ology. During the summer of 1890, Professor Peck attended the national Medical Congress, in Berlin, but returned with impaired health. His place was temporarily supplied. In the summer of 1891 he was placed on the emeritus list, and Dr. Haektoen, of Chicago, chosen for the chair of Surgery. Before the term commenced he concluded to decline the ment. Professor Middleton was assigned to Surgery, Professor Littig to the chair of Practice, and Dr. Woods Hutchinson, of Des Moines, was elected to the professorship of Anatomy, and immediately entered on its active duties. A chair of Pathology and Bacteriology was instituted and filled by Dr. Parker, his salary being assured outside of the University, also a chair of Histology under the direction of Professor Calvin, of the Science ment. Mr. Rockwood was chosen Assistant Professor of Chemistry. Professor W. F. Peck died December 13th. He had been Dean of the Faculty since the organization of the Department, and had been unsparing in his efforts to make it a success. Professor Shrader was elected Dean in his place. The Department has now 140 students in the three grades. The opening of the new chemical building gives increased facilities for the branch of Chemistry, and makes room for the laboratory of Pathology, which is being fitted up with the latest appliances for illustration and study of that important branch. The Medical Library has by gift and purchase about a thousand volumes. The Thistle collection contains many old books, curious as specimens of the literature of a past generation. Mrs. Ranney donated the collection of medical books of her late husband, which is specially devoted to mental diseases. A small allowance each year has been devoted to the purchase of the later medical works, and those required by the different professors. A reading room is opened for the convenience of students, its table principally supplied by journals donated by the publishers. The professor of Materia Medica lectures also to the Dental class, and gives a course to the Pharmacy Department. The lectures of the professor of Surgery are given to the Dental class, and to the Homeopathic students. Medical, Dental and Homeopathic students, listen to the lectures of the professor of Physiology. The classes of all the Medical Departments take Chemistry and Laboratory work, both in that branch and in Histology and Pathology. The endeavor has ever been to do good and thorough work; quality and not quantity. There is room for a larger number of students, which the State would supply if more means were given. The older professors have given their time and means to the Department thus far, for no adequate compensation, with the expectation that their good work in time might be better rewarded. The time ,has come when the greatest success of the institution 56 depends on an increase of compensation, so that qualified men can devote their whole time to the work. The term should be extended to the full University year, and better hospital accommodations be provided. In its teaching it has kept well up to the standard of the other colleges of the country. or in advance of many. After this year four years of study are to be required. Its alumni now number 556, and are in many of the best places in the State, and some also fill important positions outside of it. The health of the community is the wealth of the State, its working Capital, and an educated and elevated profession of medicine, is its conservator. The money of the State can be appropriated to no more useful and worthy purpose than the education of its physicians. 57 Third year. MOTTO - viper paratus. OFFICERS. J. E. CONN, President. I. N. SMITH, . Vice-President. 0. FATLAND, Secretary and Treasurer. W. L. BIERRING, Orator. W. K. SEELYE, Historian. history. met in September, ' 89, and a motley crowd were we, coming from every direction and from every field, strangers to one another and to our surroundings. But we had a common purpose which was a mutual introduction, and the fellowship at once engendered, we feel to have developed with our growth in other encouraged too by our common grievances and joys. How ready were we all to help ' a brother when assailed by the fiends below us—for such the second-years seemed to us in their constant readiness to pull us down and into the pit; though outside the amphitheater they were friendly enough. But soon we learned to scrap, and having the larger number, which sated for our disadvantage in having to work up hill, the contests took a different turn, and were less frequently invited by the men below. At the beginning of the second year we exulted in our power to avenge our early wrongs on the new comers, in accordance with custom; but a Christian spirit seized upon us, and probably for the first time in the history of medic life, we adopted resolutions not to pass down the years — to leave them in peace, and this we hoped would institute a nent reform. How uncharitable it was in the Seniors then to ridicule our worthy action, and to say we took that ground because we were afraid of the first-year class. And how discouraging it was later that the first-years heeded not our good example, and very early made war on us. That was exasperating, and in self-defense we turned. Oh, didn ' t we bring them down! This is our version. Let them tell theirs " when we are far away. " Now, standing on our dignity as Seniors, we look back upon this part of our history as upon the capers of our youth. ( No, indeed, we never scrap now.) 58 Our three years are marked in the history of medicine by events noted the world over—the rise and fall of Brown Sequard ' s, Koch ' s and Keeley ' s theories, which, though not successes, demonstrate the incessant endeavor toward advancement in our day. Faculty changes during our life here have been noteworthy. Ours is the last class of S. U. I. whose pleasure and good fortune it was to receive instruction from our lamented Professor Peck. Ours was the pleasure of welcoming several of the newer members of the faculty. It has been for us to see established in S. U. I. the chairs of Pathology and Bacteriology and of Histology. Twenty-five of us —and we have both lost and gained in numbers since we began. Like the brachial plexus coming from its several trunks, we. the individual members, united to form the class; like the scattering branches given off even from the start, have gone the men who went to other schools; and like the communicating nerves from other plexuses, received and blended with the rest, our newer members from other classes have been welcomed, and are now a part of us. — while the main cords go on together toward their distribution, as we the twenty-five go out, the class of ' 92. As we leave we pause to say farewell to S. U. I., to Iowa City, and mates, to one another. We go out into a broad field never to meet again as a class, but ever to cherish that brotherly feeling known only to men wha have striven together with common hopes and fears, sharing at last the reward for our labor, and bound to one another by the ties of class ship and by love for our Alma Mater. • ' 49 rie9ister. NAME. RESIDENCE. Bierring, Walter Lawrence Davenport. Burbank, Frank E. Allison. Conn, James Emmett Battle Creek. Coveny, Mamie A. Perry. Fatland, Oley Cambridge. Hall, Shelley Baron Davenport. - Huston, Herbert Marc Marengo. Jewel, Robert Theodore Urbana. Kierulff, Harry Newton San Francisco, Cal._ Kirby, John Clay Sedan, Kan. Lease, Nimrod James Crawfordsville. Lewis, David W. Iowa City. Martin, Edward John Melrose. Mueller, John Alexius Joseph Dyersville. Peck, Robertson Irish Davenport. Pressnell, J. Will ,Scranton City. Rabe, Frederick Lewis Marshalltown. Riggs, Charles Edward Iowa City. Sams, Joseph Henry Clarion. Seelye, Walter Karl Canton, Minn. Sheale, Joseph Highland Center. Smith, Isaac Newton Halsey, Oregon. Vollmer, Charles Davenport. Wertz, John Brooks Mt. Pleasant. Williams, Edward H. Iowa City. 60 ' Second Year. MOTTO - Nec mora, nee requies. OFFICERS. F. W. MILLS, . President. N. ELSWORTH SUTTON, Vice President. MARGARET R. BILLINGSLEY, Secretary. W. E. ROBINSON, . Treasurer. F. II. FARRINGTON, Historian. History. OLLEGIATES, Laws and Pharmashoots, lend us your ear:—not for dissection. We, the class of ' 93, believe that we have lived up to the traditions of our predecessors in the medical theatre; therefore, we are happy. To be sure, when we for the first time occupied the top row of seats and looked down upon the strange and wondrous doings of the Seniors and Second Years we devoutly wished that we were more out of it,—or else more " in it. " We got the latter, and though our numbers were great, we sometimes allowed ourselves to be " passed down " and placed in I that receptacle for all honored guests, the " Pit. " Yea, sometimes our manly forms covered that historic spot like leaves in autumn. " In organization there is strength. " We organized, and from that time even unto this the Pit was not for us. This year we extended the same royal welcome to the First Year Class that had been given to us. We urged them the front row, ay, even beyond, until the space enclosed by the railing would hold no more. Then we desisted. Our skill in the healing art is best manifested by the frequent requests, from students of other departments, for advice and medicine. Our foot ball men are known and felt wherever the battle rages fiercest: and it is universally agreed that they are all Wright and follow the old. reliable Stiles. As for dissecting, no such thorough work has been done by any other class within the memory of the ' North American Encyclopedia of the Dissecting Room, " alias, Billy. 61 These things, though bringing us much glory, are not all we boast of. We number about fifty members, being one of the largest and most promising classes which has been in the Department since the beginning of its history. We believe in our work; we are proud of the calling we have chosen an d we are willing to do, as we believe, a greater amount of hard work than is done in any other Department of the University, in order that we may fill our places honorably in our most noble profession; knowing that by the knowledge gained here, we may help to lighten in some measure a part of the world ' s great burden of suffering. 62 Register. Augustine, Jasper L. Agency City. Barlow, Edward Bethany, Mo. Billingsley, Margaret R. Glasgow. Bowman, Edward S. Bennett. Boyd, Frank E. Ira. Brady, James R. Rowley. Breene, Frank T. Iowa City. Byrnes, Thomas Walcott. Clark, Charles B. Ogden. Dalbey, Frank N. Cedar Rapids. Diehl, Charles E. Panora. Evans, John G. Waterloo. Farrington, Fitz H. Iowa City. Fisher, William Clyde Clarinda. Glasgow, Nathaniel B. Iowa City. Grimmell, Gussie J. Jefferson. Hinchman, J. J. West Branch. Hullinger, John D. De Witt. Jarrett, Steward S. Nebraska City, Neb. Maguire, John E. East Dubuque, Ill. Merrill, Nelson Gladbrook. Mills, Frank W. Maxwell. Morrison, Wesley J. Iowa City. Mullin, John P. Iowa City. Nash, George A. Lohrville. Neely, John Clarinda. Nordstrom, John II. Humboldt. Orelup, Charles E. Clarence. Peo, Evalina Morrison. Porter, Strawberry Point. Robinson, William E. De Smet, S. Dak. Rowe, Ellis Jay Crete, Neb. Russ, John F. Iowa Falls. Schoofs, John J. Cambellsport, Wis. Schwartz, Joseph Wellman. Sibley, Samuel E. Le Mars. Snyder, Thomas S. Dixon. Stephens, Robert C. Allen ' s Grove. Stiles, Frank N. Davenport. Sutton, N. Ellsworth Bethany, Mo. Thomas, Fred IL Ives ' Grove. Thompson, John R. Lake City. Underwood, Ruth Whitney. Wheeler, Lucy A. Monona. Wilson, Sidney S. Nebraska City, Neb. Wright, Oscar R. Barnum. Young, William R. York Center. 63 First ' Year. MOTTO — " The proper study of mankind is man. " CoLou — Old Gold and Nile Green. YELL Hi! Hi ! ! Hi!! Jol ly Medic, I; Yip, Yell, Roar Class of ' 94! OFFICERS. EDWARD A. SHEAFE, President. CLARENCE B. PAUL, Vice President. ALICE C. STINSON, . Secretary. WILLIAM DAVID CRAIG, Treasurer. ALBERT H. BLOCKLINGER, Class Editor. BENJAMIN B. MCALLASTER, Historian. pistory. TIE sixteenth day of September, 1891, will long be remembered by many a Junior Medic, as one of the most trying and cant days of his life. Words can but imperfectly describe our feelings, as with throbbing hearts, we took our seats in the amphitheatre, and observed with wonder, if not with admir- ation, the cute remarks and clever antics of a class who ined they were ' way up, though in reality they were (seated) low us. We were beginning to feel somewhat at ease and to think that we should like our new surroundings, when the pearance of " Billy, " strange, though it may seem, brought forth a loud and animated cheer (sometimes called a yell.) Soon after, there came another fully as loud and more prolonged, which was followed by the opening ture of the year, delivered by Professor J. R. Guthrie. A t the close, yes be- fore the close of this lecture, we were fully convinced that our calling was a noble one, and that the S. U. I. was a model school. Our class at present is only an average one: what we hope it to be we. dare not tell, what it will be time only can tell, but what it is, is soon told. Our height in ambition is sky-scraping; in stature five feet and nine inches. 64 Jennings is the largest man, and Adkinson the smallest. Our age, as a class, is five months; as individuals, the average is twenty-five years and four months. Thirty-five of us have, or claim to have, moustaches. four use tobacco, although all but one acknowledge that " it ' s a bad habit. " By complexion, twenty-six are " blondes, " and forty-two " brunettes. " , Fifty-one of our members were voters at the last election. Of these thirty-eight vote with the Republicans and fourteen with the Democrats. Thirty-nine of us have taught school; seven are married; four more will be soon, and the remaining fifty-seven would be if we could. The class is rich in scenic and climatic wonders; persons seeking relief from Hay fever will find that our sunny Hill sides, pleasant and beautiful Dale and pure dry Ayres offer the best chances for improvement. (If any should find the climate along the Lee too warm we have a Colder.) We don ' t boast of our Stile(s), neither do we claim to be all Wright, but we are proud of our Leader and feel confident that our Price will be factory. We claim only one Jay, one Strayer and one Sheafe. The two former are still at large, the latter has been garnered in. We have the only organized vocal quartet in the department. Adkinson and Craig warble tenor, while Dale and Larson manage the bass. Ayres and Herriges, as soloists, need no introduction. We have many other splendid attractions, which really deserve notice, but lack of space forbids their mention. Register. Aby, Frank S. Iowa City. Adkinson, R. C. Jefferson. Andrews, B. Frank Springville. Ayres, Edward C. Afton. Belsheim, Gilbert G. Leland. Blair, Samuel E. Iowa City. Blocklinger, Albert H. Dubuque. Browning, Eli, Adrian, Mo. Burgess, J. A. W. Medora. Calder, Dan H. Salt Lake City, Utah. Carroll, Frank Iowa City. Clark, Lola, Dexterville, Wis. Clouse, Louis Decorah. Conrad, Belle Rowley. Costello, Wm. Edward Solon. Craig, Wm. David Avoca. Dale, Harry Indianola. Dihel, Thomas Elmer K. Sunbeam, Ill. Engelson, John S. Brookings, S. Dak. Evans, Daniel W. Casey. Felton, Harlan Phillips Onslow. Fenner, Frank H. Marshalltown. 65 Fraser, Walter Algona. Gullaxon, 0. C. Bode. Guthrie, W. M. Glen Elk, W. Va. Gray, Hamilton Miller, S. Dak. Harrington, J. Frederick Clermont. Hay, George Wendling Washington. Herriges, Philip St. Michaels, Wis. Hill, Harry Barton Lone Tree. Horton, Calvin D. Cresco. Jackson, D. Fay Clearfield. Jay, Elijah W. Whitten. Jennings, Joseph A. Salt Lake City, Utah. Jones, Lewis H. Hawkeye. Judkins. Oliver P. Indianola. Kennedy, Clara Peterson. Kennedy, John Peterson. Kenney, John W. Vermillion, S. Dak. Larson, Herman Dec orah. Leader, Pauline M. Marengo. Ledbrook, Francis J. Spirit Lake. Lee, Frank A. Iowa City. Lyon, Wallace W. Humboldt. Mammen, G. Henry Le Mars. Mcillaster, Benj. R. King City, Mo. McLaughlin, William H. Riverside. Paul, Clarence Bentley Algona. Pegg, W. Robert Ossian. Peters, Warren T. Strawberry Point. Price, Carrie D. Colfax. Putzier, Henry James Mapleton. Regnier, Frank E. West Liberty. Reinking, D. H. Clarence. Robinson, Robert E. Tripoli. Rouse, W. Emmett Albia. Sandblade, Andrew G. Mead, Neb. Sheafe, Edward A. Ottumwa. Shearer, Joseph Whitman Red Oak. Smith, Frank W. Marengo. Stein, Henry Talleyrand. Stidworthy, Daniel B. Sioux City. Stinson, Alice C. Freeport. Strayer, Frank G. Freeport. Tiffany, Edward V. Independence. Townsend, James Walter West Branch. Walsh, Fort Cooper Dubuque. Wilson, Fred C. Colesburgh. 66 - J. G. GILCHRIST. W. H. A. C. C. H. COGSWELL. F. NEWBERRY. Homeopathic Medical Department ALLEN CORSON COWPERTHWAITE, M. D., Ph. D., LL. D., Professor of Materia and Diseases of Women, and Dean of the Faculty. Born in 1848. Student Toulon Seminary, College of Physicians and Surgeons, M. D., mann Medical College, Philadelphia, 1869. Ph. D. (Honorary) Central sity, Iowa, 1876. LL. I)., (Honorary) Shurtlef College, Professor, S. U. I., 1877. WILMOT HORTON DICKINSON, M. D., Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicine. Born in 1828. Homeopathic Medical College, Cleveland, Ohio, 1858. Homeopathic College of New York, 1865. Professor Mercer 1856-57. pal of Louisville Female Seminary, Georgia, Professor, S. U. I., 1877. JAMES GRANT GILCHRIST, A. M., M. D., Professor of Surgery. Born in 1842. M. D., Homeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, 1863. Demonstrator of Anatomy, Homeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania, 1864. Teacher of Surgery, University of Michigan, 1876-78. Lecturer, Surgical Therapeutics, S. U. I., 1882. Professor, Surgical Pathology, 1884. Professor, Surgery, 1887. CHARLES HERBERT COGSWELL, M. D., Professor of Obstetrics and Diseases of Children. Born in 1844. M. D., Hahnemann Medical College, Chicago, 1866. New York Homeopathic Medical College, 1874-75. Professor, S. U. I., 1835. SAMUEL CALVIN, PH. D., • Professor of Histology. 67 FRANK J. NEWBERRY, M. D., 0 et A. Chir., Lecturer on Ophthalmology and Otology. Born in 1858. Attended Upper Iowa University, Hahneinann Medical College. Chicago opathic Medical College, 1887, M. 1). New York Ophthalmic College, 1889. Lecturer, S. U. I., 1890. D. W. DICKINSON, M. D., Assistant to the Chair of Theory and Practice. E. H. WILLIAMS,± F. S. ABY, M. S., Demonstrators of Histology. LEORA JOHNSON, M. D., Clinical Assistant, and Resident Hospital Physician. Born in 1856. Cook County Hospital, Chicago, 1885. Homeopathic Medical Department, S. I , 1890, M. D. Clinical Assistant and Resident Hospital Physician, 1891. cZcii-Eionai Instructors. CHARLES A. SCHAEFFER, A. M., PH. D., Professor of Chemistry and Toxicology. WOODS HUTCHINSON, A. M., M. D.,t Professor of Anatomy. JAMES R. GUTHRIE, A. M., M. D.,t Professor of Physiology. GERSHOM H. HILL, M. D.,± ( Superintendent of Hospital for the Insane, at Independence.) Lecturer on insanity. JOHN W. HARRIMAN, M. D.,t Demonstrator of Anatomy. EMLIN McCLAIN, A. M., LL. D.,t Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence. See Collegiate Faculty. t See Medical Faculty. ( See Law Faculty. 68 a klistory. BY DR. A. C. COWPERTIIWAITE. HE first step which led to the establishment of the Homeopathic Medical Department, was a recommendation embodied in the Annual Address of the President of the Iowa Society of Homeopathic cians in 1871, that position being then held by Prof. W. H. son. In accordance with this recommendation the society adopted a lution constituting a committee on legislation, which committee was quently instructed to meet the Board of Regents for the purpose of ing the claims of homeopathy to a representation in the University. This plan was carried out, and a very earnest memorial was presented by the mittee to the Board of Regents. In response to this memorial the regents appointed a committee ing of Hon. W. W. Merritt, and Hon. C. W. Slagle, with instructions to port at the session of 1873. At this time the chairman of the committee was present and made " an elaborate unwritten plea for recognition. " ever, owing to a lack of funds, the Regents declined to take any steps in the matter, and referred the committee to the Legislature. This body met in 1874, but it was -deemed advisable not to make any effort at that time. Meantime the committee was not idle, but every effort was used to educate public opinion upon the subject. In November, 1875, a very elaborate tion was caused to be printed and sent out to the homeopathic physicians of the state, who were requested to secure signatures and forward the same to the Legislature. The report of the chairman of the committee says: " Such a combined, wide-spread and systematic appeal to the Legislature, made by leading men of all professions and industries, has never before been tuted in Iowa. For several weeks subsequent to the opening of the session, not a morning hour passed in either House without several of these tions being presented. The effect was immense, and before February 15th the victory, practically, was won, although the formal decision was not made until about the middle of March. " The act was passed unanimously in the Senate and nearly so in the House, and required the Regents to establish two chairs—Practice and teria Medica—and appropriated $4,100 to defray the expenses thereof, to be used for no other purpose. At the meeting of the Regents in June, 1876, a strong effort was made by the Faculty of the Medical Department to prevent the establishment of the Chairs of Homeopathy. However, the chairman of the committee was on the ground, and at once prepared an exhaustive and ably written ment which was presented to the Board. 69 The next cause of delay was a proposition to establish a fully equipped Homeopathic Medical Department, and a committee was appointed by the Regents to decide the question of details and report in full at the session of the Board in March, 1877. This plan was not carried out, and at the ing last named the Regents decided to simply carry into effect the ions of the act which directed them to establish two chairs of Homeopathy in the State University, but postponed the election of incumbents until their meeting in June, 1877, at which time the two senior members of the present Faculty were selected, and arrangements made to open the school as a sep- arate department in October. The inaugural address was delivered October 11, 1877, by Prof. W. H. Dickinson to a class of eight students, in a room now occupied by the ern Union Telegraph office on Washington street. At the end of the session the class numbered sixteen. From this small beginning it has gradually grown to its present proportions, the present class numbering fifty-seven. At the close of the first year it was found that several hundred dollars of the money appropriated by the Legislature remained unused. The Regents added to this a sufficient amount to erect the building which the Department has since occupied, and which was then supposed to be only a temporary affair, but which has proved quite permanent, entirely too much so for the convenience and interests of the Department. In 1878 the chair of diseases of women was added to that of Materia Medica and filled by Prof. Cowper- thwaite. Several lectureships were established from time to time and filled by various incumbents, but with the exception of one year, 1879-80, when a chair of surgery was temporarily in operation, the Faculty of the ment was not increased until 1884, when J. G. Gilchrist, M. D., was elected professor of Surgical Pathology and Therapeutics. In 1886 Prof. Gilchrist was made professor of Surgical Pathology and Therapeutics, and Obstetrics. In 1887 Surgical Pathology and Therapeutics was cut off, and Prof. Gilchrist retained as professor of Obstetrics. In 1888, however, he was made full fessor of Surgery, and C. H. Cogswell, M. D., was elected professor of stetrics, and Di seases of Children, thus giving the Department four full chairs, covering all the therapeutic branches, which had been the object sought ever since the first organization of the Department. In 1890 a most important lectureship was established by the election of F. J. Newberry, M. D., as lecturer on Ophthalmology and Otology. In 1891 Prof. Cowperthwaite insisted on giving up so much of his work as referred to Diseases of Women. To this the Board consented, dividing the work between the chairs of gery and Obstetrics, and giving Diseases of Children to Dr. Newberry. The inside history of the Department would require too much space to be given here. Suffice it to say that its condition is most promising. Being provided with a hospital by the State, under its own management, excellent clinical facilities are afforded, while its general equipment is becoming enlarged and more useful each succeeding year. No doubt its growing needs will be rec- ognized in the future as. in the past, and it will be given all necessary ties to make what its Faculty most sincerely desire—a first-class medical college,—the peer of any in the land. 70 Third Year. similibus curantur. OFFICERS. C. A. APL1N President. . F. C. SAGE, . Secretary. H. C. REINHOLD, Treasurer. F. L. TRIBON. . Historian. J-Iistory. HE Senior Class of the Homoeopathic Medical Department, ing of thirteen members, was organized in September of 1891, with C. A. Aplin as president. Our existence has been one of prosperity in every particular. The Hospital training under Prof. Gilchrist especially deserves mention. The class has also been benefited by its work in the Hahnemann Society, for here we discuss questions of special interest to the medical student, thus obtaining valuable information not received in the lecture hall. Realizing our deficiency in numbers we have striven to make up in quality what we lack in quantity. We are heterodox in medicine and sider it no disgrace to deviate from the beaten paths in any line of research, provided the thing sought for is the truth. As Homoeopathic students, we thoroughly believe in our motto, " Similia similibus curantur, " and in the science of therapeutics. 71 Registgr. Aplin, C. A. Cambridge, Mo. Burnett, E. H. Maquoketa. Calkins, R. W. Clarks, Neb. Conner, W. H. Andalucia, Ill. Jones, Thomas J. Osceola, Neb. Matherson, A. Black River Falls, Wis. Miles, F. P. Winston, Mo. Newland, M. A. Center Point. Reinhold, H. C. Williamsport, Pa. Sage, F. C. Waterloo. Stotts, J. H. Iowa City. Tribon, F. L. Dunkerton. Wiggins, H. N. Wayland. Ii 72 Second ' Year. OFFICERS. CHARLES HOLLOWAY, F. C. DICKINSON, . CHARLES GRAENING, D. E. TIFFANY, F. C. DICKINSON, President. Vice President. Secretary. Historians. J-listory. E of the Second Year Class are, with every succeeding clay, more and more proud of the fact that we are members such an intelligent body. Nestling here under the wings Homeopathy, becoming impatient with each day for the time to arrive when, fully equipped, we may go forth as exemplifiers of the teachings and life work of that great benefactor of humankind, our leader, Hahnemann. How often in daily visits to the amphitheatre have we been pounced upon by the misled vultures of the Hippocratic school. But time works wondrous changes, now with the great increase in numbers in our department, such methods have lost their pleasant hues. When we shall, in after years, the success of our practice have soared with the strong eagle wings of curantur " far above them, we will look down with pitiful forgiveness upon such little slights. 73 Register. Balliet, M. R. Waterloo. Barker, A. H. Black River Falls, Wis. Birmingham, Mrs. E. Grinnell. Dickinson, F. C. Mt. Pleasant. Gethman, C. H. Gladbrook. Graening, C. H. Monona. Hansen, A. S. Cedar Falls. Holloway, Charles Mt. Pleasant. Moorhead, James Cedar Rapids. Newbold, E. H. Center Point. Palmer, G. W. Ontario, Canada. Smith, W. W. Clinton, Wis. Tiffany, DeForest E. Center Point. Watson, Rev. S. N. Iowa City. 74 First Year. MOTTO - To be, not to seem. OFFICERS. JAY M. KILBORNE, . President. GEORGE M. REEVES, Vice President. EVERETT E. RICHARDSON, Secretary. BURT 0. JERREL, Treasurer. History. HE present First Year Class is a very remarkable one, and the members of the class are no less remarkable individually than as a class. Remarkable as to stature, ranging all the way from five to seven feet; but chiefly remarkable for brilliancy of intellect. This brilliancy, however, may be doubted by some, but is very apparent to us. We are ambitious and " gritty; " the height of our ambition being to excel.— " To be, not to seem. " We constitute the largest class in the history of the Hommopathic Department of the State University of Iowa. We are only in our first year at present, but in the course of two years will be the wise and learned Seniors; and are even so presumptuous as to look forward to our graduation with the highest honors to ourselves and the department, and to a successful career as physicians. The class is composed of the following twenty-seven members: Eleanor W. Rosan, the " Mrs. Tom Thumb " of our class, makes up for her size in knowledge. Carl Fritz Aschenbrenner, the remainder of his name will appear in the next volume; through careless handling it was divided in the middle and part of it was lost. John W. Wilson, our violinist, will plaintively play " Only a penny " while presenting his bill for professional services. Miss A. Pauline Kimball, with her years of experience as nurse, will no doubt have great success in the practice of medicine. Burt 0. Jerrel is a graduate from a business college and will treat his patients by lightning calculation in an off-hand manner. 75 Edward J. Everett, the man of muscle, strength and skill, is bound to be a surgeon. W. Ira Vanderveer, a sucker from the sucker State, will bite at nothing but Homoeopathic bait. Miss Minnie Bohstedt is a new arrival among us, but is rapidly demon- strating her ability to keep up with the procession. Franklin J. Drake will prove, when the proper time comes, that, although he is a Drake, he is by no means a quack. Archie C. Woodward, from the " City of Mills, " will prescribe for all ments small sugar pills. George W. Evenson, the wise man, is married and has some one to sole him in the trials incident to a physician ' s life. Miss Anna Oleson possesses both courage and perseverance, and will no doubt have great success in her practice of medicine in her far away home. in Denmark. Jay M. Kilborne, a " jay " from the west, is studying medicine with a view to practicing phrenology. Will E. Anderson is the silent man, who makes plenty of noise when he thinks. Jesse M. Worthen is the " pretty man " of the class and calls himself a " sport. " Miss Alice I. Ross is a hard worker and an earnest student. We esy high honors and great success in her future practice. George M. Reeves, fruit dealer (onions and potatoes). Dodo having nothing else to occupy his mind during the winter, incidentally turned his attention toward the study of medicine, and we hope great things for him in the future. William H. Ridgeway, an insurance agent, can appoint himself examin- ing physician and pocket the fee. Frank L. Vanderveer is a Homoeopathist, and what more could you ask. Carrie H. Elliott, though last to make her appearance, is by no least in appearance. Frank W. Horton, a golden blonde with bright blue eyes, has for his motto, " Root hog or die. " George A. Vint had nothing else to do, so commenced growing, forgot to, pull the string and couldn ' t stop; in consequence of which he is somewhat " stuck up. " Andrew H. Starchke is a shy youth, but is and will edly grow into his chosen profession. Mrs. Carrie Beaver, true to her name, is the only wild animal we can claim. Ralph W. Homan is a hard working and an earnest student. Success. will surely crown all his efforts. Everett E. Richardson is a natural born lady ' s man and is turning his attention toward his specialty, viz., affections of the heart. 76 ReQister. Anderson, Wm. Elmer Aschenbrenner, Carl F. Beaver, Mrs. Carrie Bohstedt, Minnie Drake, Franklin J. Elliott, Carrie H. Evenson, Geo. Albert Everett, Edward Jas. Homan, Ralph Waldo Horton, Frank Warner Jerrel, Burt.Owen Kilborne, Jay M. Kimball, Adile Pauline Oleson, Anna Reeves, Geo. Milton Richardson, Everett Eugene Ridgeway, William Henry Rosan, Eleanor Whitelow Ross, Alice Melia Starchke, Andrew Herman Vanderveer, Frank Leroy Vanderveer, William Ira Vint, Geo. Augustus Watson, Samuel N. Wilson, John West Woodward, Archie Clark Worthen, Jessie Montgomery Dublin. Dysart. Madison, Wis. Victor. Sioux City. Sioux City. Finchford. Atlantic. Corning. Belmond. Mt. Pleasant. Forest City. East Lebanon, N. H. Cedar Falls. Montrose. Ida Grove. Iowa City. Hutchinson, Kans. Waubeck. Junction City, Kans. Antalusia, Ill. Antalusia, Ill. Hindsboro, Ill. Iowa City. Crystal. Moline, Ill. Warsaw, Ill. 77 +Dental Departvlient.. T ' acuity of instruction. ALFRED ONIAS HUNT, D. D. S., Professor of Metall urgy, Dental Prothesis and Art, Superintendent of Clinics, and Dean of the Faculty. Born in 1845. Educated in Utica. Received the Degree of D. D. S , S. U. I., 1882. Professor, S. U. I., since organization of Dental Department, 1882. - WILLIAM 0 KULP, D. D. S., Professor of Operative Dentistry and Therapeutics. Born in 1836. Literary education under private tutor. D. D. S., Missouri Dental College, For three years special Lecturer in Medical Department on Oral Professor of Operative and Clinical Dentistry from of Dental Department until 1888. In again resumed this chair. PHILO JUDSON FARNSWORTH, A. M., M. D., Professor of Materia Medica. WOODS HUTCHINSON, A. M., M. D., Professor of Anatomy. JAMES RENWICK GUTHRIE, A. M., M. D., Professor of Physiology. SAMUEL CALVIN, A. M., PH. D., ± Professor of Histology and Microscopy. GREENE V. BLACK, N. D., D. D. S., Lecturer on Histology, Pathology and Hygiene. Born in 1836. D. D. S., Missouri Dental College. M. D., Chicago Medical College. Missouri Dental College for three years. Professor of Pathology, College of Dental Surgery, five years. 78 W. 0. KULP. J. J. R. PATRICK. F. T. BREENE. A. 0. HUNT. G. V. BLACK. E. BUMGARDNER. N. GLASGOW. JOHN J. R. PATRICK, M. D., D. D. S., Lecturer on and Teratology. ALFRED CHARLES PETERS, M. D., Lecturer on Regional Anatomy. CHARLES CLEVELAND NUTTING, A. M., ± Lecturer on Comparative Odontography. S. KULP, D. D. S., Lecturer on Dental Jurisprudence. FRANK T. BREENE, D. D. S., Lecturer on Dental Materia Medica, and Demonstrator of Technology. Born in 1563. D. D. S., S. U. I., 1888. Demonstrator, S. U. I., 1888. Lecturer, S. U. I., 1588. J. W. HARRIMAN, M. D., Demonstrator of Anatomy. FRANK STANTON ABY, M. S., Demonstrator of Comparative Anatomy. GUY HUNTLEY, Demonstrator of Celluloid and Zylonite Bases. ELBERT W. ROCKWOOD, A. M., Demonstrator in Chemistry. C. THOMAS, D. D. S., Demonstrator of Porcelain Work. W. H. BAIRD, D. D. S., Demonstrator of Continuous Gum Work. NAT GLASGOW, D. D. S., Demonstrator of Dental Technology. Born in 1565. D. D. S., S. U. I., 1890. Principal Collins High School for two years. Demonstrator, S. U. I , 1890. EDWARD BUMGARDNER, B. S., D. D. S., Assistant Demonstrator of Mechanical Technology. Born in 1865. B. S., Campbell University, Kansas, 1886. D. D. S., S. U. I., 1891. See Medical Faculty. t See Collegiate Faculty. 79 Dental Department of this institution was established by the Board of Regents in June, 1882. The Department opened its first session in ' 82 and ' 83 with fourteen students; session of ' 83 and ' 84, with thirty-one students; ' 84- ' 85, thirty-six; ' 85- ' 86, forty-eight; ' 86- ' 87, fifty-six; ' 87- ' 88, three, ' 88- ' 89, eighty; ' 89- ' 90, one hundred eighteen; ' 90- ' 91, one hundred seventy. Its growth has been flattering, and its graduates, with hardly an exception, are sustaining themselves in practice. Following the session of ' 88- ' 89 a spring and practioner ' s course was established. Both have 0 become extremely successful; the spring course beneficial to students wishing to prepare themselves for the regular course, and the tioner ' s course beneficial to those desiring to take up advanced ideas and specialties. When this department was organized the Board of Regents appointed the following gentlemen as the instructing Faculty: L. C. Ingersoll, A. M., D. D. S., Dean, and Professor of Dental Pathology and Materia Medica; A. 0. Hunt, D. D. S., Professor of Dental Chemistry, Art and Mechanism, and executive officer of Faculty; W. 0. Kulp, D. D. S., of Davenport, Professor of Operative Dentistry and Therapeutics; I. P. son, D. D. S., of Burlington, Professor of Dental Anatomy and Histology. The department continued under this management until June, 1888, when a re-organization of the Faculty took place. The Board of Regents selected the following gentlemen as a governing Faculty: Charles A. Schaeffer, Ph. D., President; A. 0. Hunt, D. D. S., Dean, and Richard L. Cochran, D. D. S., as Professor. A full corps of able instructors was also chosen: among others W. X. Sudduth, M. D., D. D. S., of Philadelphia, Pa., who filled the chair of Histology. With this body of scientific and progressive men at the head, the department speedily launched out into the field of dental colleges, and became at once recognized as a college having but few peers in the land. At this time, June, 1890, came the resignation of Professor R. L. ran. He was compelled to vacate the chair of Operative Dentistry and Therapeutics on account of ill health. Though it was unavoidable, the Fac- ulty and students, who had become very much attached to this worthy structor, regretted the loss; but knew in this case their loss would be his gain. The vacancy was filled by W. 0. Kulp, D. D. S., of Davenport, who had once before ably held the same chair. I 80 Senior Class. OFFICERS. W. S. HOSFORD, . HARRY KELSO, . MISS A. E. OWENS, W. H. PALLETT, MISS A. E. OWENS, H. H. PASEDACH, President. Vice-President. Secretary. Treasurer. Historians. History. HILE thinking of the days that we, as a class, have spent gether, with memory calling up the happy hours passed in each other ' s company, fain would we write a history of each individual member of our class and couple their names with recollections of pleasant hours and jolly companionship. Space forbids and tells us to consider our class as a great unit, whose praises we may sing. Nor will this be a difficult task. Even a casual observer cannot fail to be impressed with the thought that never before in the history of the ment was there a class that could compare with ours, and should in the ture it ever again be equalled, the prospects of the department might well be envied. Do you enquire as to our professional worth? Stroll into our clinics and look about you. From Greenland ' s icy mountains and India ' s coral strand, from Africa ' s sunny fountains and an innumerable collection of other monarchies and republics, the nations swarm to grasp this first and last opportunity to visit this refuge from grief and pain now presided over by us. Our prospect in the spring is to graduate with overwhelming all of us. Should a few fall by the wayside we shall weep for them and tell them it was not their fault. Our prospects in the dim and distant future? Millions, honor and fame! Our final reward? As certain as the millions! Modesty forbids us to enumerate further. Our faculty have done nobly by us and we hope we have done the same by them, and to ever remain to them an unfailing source of proudest and happiest recollections. In March we scatter to the distant winds! May good fortune and prosperity accompany each individual member of the class of ' 92. We hope to meet again as shining lights of our specialty at many of the future gatherings of our professional societies, arid when we then, at these ions, think of the good old days of the winter of ' 91 and ' 92, recall our mutual joys and sorrows, we will look about us and feel justly proud that fate has permitted us to be called members of the class of ' 92 of the Dental Depart- ment of our beloved S. U. I. 81 Register. Anderson, M. F. Muscatine. Anderegg, Fred Mankato, Minn. Anger, H. W. Brooklyn. Besore, C. F. Baker, R. N. Iowa City. Ball, J. W. Delaware Centre. Boysen, F. A. Dubuque. Braun, Hugo Davenport. Baldwin, H. W. Oconomowoc, Wis. Brennan, M. Ashland, Wis. Braley, J. C. Harvey, Ill. Burt, C. P. Elmwood, Ill. Ball, E. H. Phillips, Neb. Carolus, I. B. Sterling, Ill. 7 Curry, J. F. Friendship, N. Y. Dredge, W. A. Amboy, Minn. Dwight, C. F. Marcus. Denbo, E. S. Corydon, Ind. Echburg, A. N. Northwood. Grigsby, L. A. Lena, Ill. Good, W. M. Buda, Ill. Holson, J. C. Iowa City. Hullinger, J. C. DeWitt. Hosford, W. S. Iowa City. Humphrey, M. A. Monona. Heckert, T. B. Red Oak. Hassler, 0. C. Louisiana, Mo. Haines, D. A. Decorah. Holmes, L. G. Birmingham. Jacobs, C. H. Colesburg. Jones, M. A. H. Iowa City. Kelso, Harry Ames. Kerr, E. W. Newton. Kulp, J. R. Davenport. Mallinckrodt, 0. Augusta, Mo. McCartney, J. G. Mitchell, S. D. McCrea, H. C. Greenfield. Miller, C. B. Waterloo. McWhorter, E. S. Canon City, Col. McNutt, S. B. Muscatine. Otte, Miss L. A. Peabody, Kans. Otte, Miss Julia Peabody, Kans. Owens, Miss A. E. Parkersburg. 82 Pallett, W. H. Dorchester, Neb. Pasedach, H. R. Tipton. Perry, W. W. Elizabeth, Ill. Pratt, I. M. Red Oak. Price, B. A. Afton. Randolph, II. F. Belle Plaine. Reno, M. C. Iowa City, Reynolds, G. H. Binghampton, N. Y. Rogers, E. A. Vinton. Schoemaker, H. C. Muscatine. Schlawig, Wm. Sioux City. Skidmore, W. G. Moline, Ill. Stinehart, J. E. Iowa City. Stanford, T. S. Cambridgeboro, Pa. Swain, S. R. Iowa City. Sossaman, 0. H. Strayer, F. A. Jefferson. Von Lackum, H. H. Waterloo. Vawter, George A. Cambridge, Ill. Warner, M. W. Parkersburg. Wilson, R. J. Oelwei a. Wright, F. R. Morning Sun. @•( A,0•-■ 83 Junior Class. Register. Fordyce, Benson Pearson, W. B. Woodward, K. W. Plat Springville. Tiffany, N. Dak. 84 Freshman Class. MOTTO — 8 8 S — Our success. CoLon— Old Gold and White. YELL — ! ! Our patient. OFFICERS. W. W. LYON, . HOWLAND DALEY, . MISS MAUDE BALDWIN, G. H. EDGERTON, . . History. • President. Vice-President. • Secretary. T reasurer. • _Historian. • N the fifteenth day of September, 1891, an server might have seen sixty or more ' viduals wending their way toward the ens of Iowa in search of dental lore, while on every countenance was depicted the expression: " I ' ll be a dentist. " After the usual trials and tribulations and the wranglings with the various landladies about the price of rooms, this intelligent body finally became settled and began to vestigate the course they were about to sue. Glancing over the schedule of studies for the Freshman class every face grew pale and every pocket book trembled at the number of branches they were required to master; but with the air of a martyr all proceeded to regale themselves with the requisite paraphernalia. The first day spent in the prosthetic laboratory will forever be bered by the respective members of this illustrious class. Under the tion of Prof. Glasgow and his able assistant, Dr. Baumgardner, the class proceeded to exercise their artistic talents on the manufacture of wooden teeth, and many were the muttered threats and maledictions as the 85 horable hickory refused to in any way resemble the lead model provided for a pattern, but amid all discouragements each member called to mind the adage: " Perseverance conquers all things, " and bravely whittled away, and their efforts were finally crowded into success (and brass). The same might be said of the remainder of the, at first, seeming impossibilities. The first evening spent in the silent study of human anatomy usually concluded with a long drawn sigh and many a tired and aching head was laid upon the low at night wondering why a dentist had to know all about the flexor revis minimi digiti. Then the intricacies of Chemistry, Histology, Physiology, Materia Medica, etc., etc., etc., etc., were alike distressing, but with the nation that has characterized this wonderful class since the beginning, they worked away till these complexities faded away like snow before the day sun. On the morning of November 10, it was announced that work would gin in the anatomical laboratory that evening, when hark ! whence comes that long and mournful sound? Anyone long a resident of this vicinity could have told in an instant—Medics. At first a gurgling, then a growl, and finally a terrific explosion, evidently proceeding from a thousand canine throats in their last agonies, which put to shame every dog within a radius of ten miles, causing them to drop their heads, stick their tails between their legs and make for parts unknown as tho ' the D—(ents) were already after them. The innocent first year students were at a loss to account for these strange proceedings, but when with palpitating hearts and trembling limbs they climbed to the fourth floor of the medical building and there beheld the picturesque array of genus canine, they saw the point. Rejoicing in the fact that there is strength in unity, an organization was formed, known as the Freshman Dental Association of the S. U. its object being the assistance of its members by all legitimate means in the acquire- ment of their profession. Constitution and by-laws were adopted and cers chosen. With the numerous improvements made in this department during the last year the class of ' 94 begins work under favorable circumstances, and being the first general class of the three years course, enters upon a brilliant career, and we hope we will prove an honor to ourselves and to our Alma Mater. fiecister. Archer, Guy S. Cherokee. Bowman, Mollie Deadwood, S. Dak. Bemis, Oliver H. Austin, Minn. Beyer, Louis A. Waverly. Buckle, Edward E. Villa Ridge, Ill. Bernard, Walter G. Ca 86 Bruner, Charles W. Hudson. Baldwin, Maude Viroqua. Baldwin, Royal W. Viroqua. Belding, Herbert IL Caledonia, Minn. Berg, W. C. A. Rock Valley. Clark, Matthew Piper City. Cain, Walter Colfax. Cook, Homer M. Sigourney. Daley, Howland, Iowa City. Doughty, August A. Glenwood. Edgar, Theodore Cuyler Davenport. Edgerton, George H. Hanover, Ill. Evans, S. J. Long Grove. Fahy, William J. Muscatine. Galloway, W. P. Iowa City. Hole, Oliver Cromwell Iowa City. Hicks, Gard Monticello. Humelbaugh, Albert C. Nevada. Hawley, E. E. Hopkins, Robert Leslie Clinton. Houston, J. D. Marysville, Haas, Alfred Lincoln Iowa City. Homer, Adele Waterloo. Hinkley, Luther H. Lone Tree. Hollister, Edwin H. Iowa City. Ingham, Sylvester L. Sheffield. Irwin, Charles S. Louisiana, Mo. Jones, Perry H. Allison. Jayne, William B. Lone Tree. Ketcham, Eugene Leslie Madison, S. Dak. Knapp, Frank Spencer Plattville, Wis. Kuns, Charles A. Fairbany, Neb. Lewis, Frederick Arthur Ottumwa. Langdon, Frederick Chauncey Aurora, Ill. Lyon, Wallace W. Humboldt. McKeeby, Byron H. Binghampton, N. Y. Meshinger, John Alfred Dubuque. McCabe, Wesley D. Muscatine. Miller, Frank E. Robins. Morrill, Fred J. Chapman. Marsh, Edward V. Alexandria, S. Dak. Orebaugh, Walter William Kellogg. Poland, James Marion. State Center. Pegg, William Austin Danville, Pa. Pherrin, John B. Springville. Rose,-Joseph E. Vinton. Rose, Robert Edwin Carl. 87 Rathbun, Charles Nelson Clinton. Steuerwald, Charles Albert St. Ansgar. Stevenson, James Edward Harmony, Wis. Tomy, John I. Fairfield. Toye, William Royal Decorah. Wold, William W. Woodruff, L. G. Grand View. Wright, Maurice Fulton, Mo. Wilson, H. D Shell Rock. 88 T. H. -MCBRIDE. 13. SHIMEK. E. W. ROCKWOOD. L. W. ANDREWS. P. J. FARNSWORTH. E. L. MEANER. F. W. SPANL " C11S. 0 Pharmacy Deparment. gavuity. EMIL LOUIS BOERNER, PH. G., Professor of Pharmacy, Director of the Pharmaceutical Laboratory, and Dean of the Faculty. Born in 182. Ph. G., Philadelphia College of Pharmacy, 1876. Lecturer Iowa College Pharmacy, Des Moines, 1882. Called to chair of Practical Pharmacy, and Dean of the Faculty when the Pharmaceutical was organized in 1885. PHILO JUDSON FARNSWORTH, A. M., M. D., Professor of Materia Medica. LAUNCELOT WINCHESTER ANDREWS, PH. D., ± Professor of Chemistry and Director of Chemical Laboratory. THOMAS HUSTON McBRIDE, A. M., . Professor of Botany. ELBERT W. ROCKWOOD, A. M., Lecturer on Toxicology. FREDERICK W. SPA NUTIUS, M. S., Instructor in Chemistry. BOHUMIL SHIMEK, C. E., ± Instructor in Botany. " See Medical Faculty. t See Collegiate Faculty. 89 BY PROF. EMIL L. BOERNER. ,SHE State Pharmaceutical Association, organized in Des Moines in February, 1880, in pursuance to a call addressed to the pharmacists d of the state by Mr. George IL Schafer, of Ft. Madison, may be regarded as the forerunner of pharmaceutical education in Iowa. The direct fruits of the organization were the provisions of the Pharmacy Act passed by the Eighteenth General Assembly—a law having for its chief object the better protection of public welfare by restricting the sale of medicines-and poisons to properly qualified persons. Although all persons engaged in drug stores at the passage of the act were entitled to registration as pharmacists, a wise provision required that all who should subsequently engage in pharmacy must pass an examination before a State Board of Commissioners, or present a diploma from an accredited " incorporated college of pharmacy that requires a practical experience in pharmacy of not less than four years before granting a diploma. " Anticipating the demand for pharmaceutical education, created by the passage of the pharmacy act, Mr. J. H. Harrison, of Davenport, an dent of the State Pharmaceutical Association, present Commissioner of Pharmacy and an ardent supporter of, and worker in the cause of macy, visited Iowa City in February, 1885, for the purpose of ascertaining the feeling among University officials toward the establishment of a• department for the education of pharmacists in their special lines of work. His conference with President Pickard and others was so encouraging that at the next meeting of the Board of Regents, a week later, he with Mr. George H. Schafer, of Ft. Madison, the first president of the State Pharma- ceutical Association, and the writer, constituting themselves a committee to represent the pharmacists of the state, presented their claim to tion. The petition for the establishment of a Department of Pharmacy asked of the Board of Regents such endorsement and aid as would foster and encourage the school until a time when it should be deemed proper to fully control the same; that rooms sufficient for laboratory and lecture pur- poses be provided, and that the establishment of the department be announced in the catalogue. The plan met with the favor of the board, and Messrs. Schafer, Harrison and Dr. W. S. McBride, of Marshalltown, president of the State Pharmaceutical Association, were appointed a mittee to report on a faculty in time for action at the following June ing. Recommendations made by this committee and approved by the board were as follows: Prof. Gustavus Hinrichs to the chair of Chemistry; Dr. C. M. Hobby to the chair of Materia Medica and Botany, and the writer to the chair of Theory and Practice of Pharmacy and Dean of the Faculty. (Zs) 91 During the first year all instruction was given in the Medical building. the lectures in the recitation room. Chemical Laboratory practice in the Medical Chemical Laboratory, and Pharmaceutical Laboratory work in the west basement, furnished for the purpose. The scanty appointments of the school during its first years is often commented upon by former students. visiting the present commodious and excellently equipped laboratories, especially the Pharmaceutical, which is doubtless the largest in the country. A vacancy created by the resignation of Prof. Hinrichs in June, 1886, was filled by the election of Dr. L. W. Andrews, Professor of Chemistry in the University, the present incumbent in the chair, who, with constantly improving laboratory facilities and the able assistance of at first Mr. A. S. Hitchcock, later, and at present of Mr. F. W. Spanutius, has been able to bring the Course in Chemistry to rank the equal of that given by any school of pharmacy in the United States. The resignation of Dr. C. M. Hobby from the chair of Materia Medica and Botany in March, 1887, resulted in the separation of the branches taught by him, the assignment of the work in Materia Medica to Dr. P. J. Farnsworth, Professor of Materia Medica in the Medical Department, and of Botany to Prof. T. H. McBride, the botanist of the University. This division of work allowed an extension of both courses, especially of Botany, which, in Prof. McBride ' s hands, with exceptional facilities and strong assistance, at first of Miss Mary Linder, at present Mr. B. Shimek, has brought this course to a position beyond which it would seem difficult to carry it in the interest of students. In attendance the department has steadily grown. Although but in its seventh year, it has attained the proportions of many an older institution of its kind, and in fact, has reached last year ' s average attendance at Departments of Pharmacy of State Universities. Two hundred and six students have been enrolled since its establishment, divided in classes as lows: Fourteen in 1885-86, nineteen in 1886-87, twenty in 1887-88, seventeen in 1888-89, forty-two in 1889-90, forty-four in 1890-91, and fifty in 1891-92. Of this number only six have completed the course offered and have received the degree of Graduate in Pharmacy (Ph.G.) This small proportion of grad- ates is accounted for by the fact that students usually succeed in registering before the State Board of Commissioners and receive a legal right to dispense medicines after attending upon one year ' s work, then readily obtain tions at inviting salaries or engage in business on their own account,—in either case the difficulty of returning is increased. The financial management of the department was left to the faculty, the professors receiving the fees in lieu of salary until June, 1891, when the, Board of Regents, believing the experimental stage to have passed and wishing to afford the school greater material aid than was possible under the old order, received the department into the University family and now control it fully. With a high standard of attainment; a determined effort on the part of the faculty to reach and maintain that standard; the willing co-operation and cheerful assistance given by those in high power, together with the. excellent opportunities offered by the newer appointments and equipments in room, laboratory facilities, libraries, cabinets, etc., the future of the department seems bright. May it be so. 92 Senior Class. MOTTO.— " Thou shalt mount onward t o the Eternal Hills, Thy foot unwearied and thy strength renewed, Like the strong eagle ' s, for the upward flight. " OFFICERS. President, LAURA B. DAVID. Vice-President, . HERMAN MICHAEL. Secretary and Historian, HARRY E. EATON. History. E, as a part of the Junior class of ' 90-91, organized a class, and as only a small per cent returned in the fall of ' 91, we re-organized 4 our class, with Laura B. David as president. Our history, though short, is full of many happy incidents which we will ever cherish when we have gone from the University. To think of the many happy hours we have spent together in the " Perfumatory, " our feine experiment, etc., etc., will afford us much pleasure. While we were enjoying ourselves, as we did, we could not help but sympathize with the (ever dissatisfied) Juniors, as their complaints were so frequent. We are the largest Senior class that has ever gone from this ment. We pride ourselves on this as well as on having the largest per cent of girls of any class in the University. We have seen an increase each year in the Senior class and we shall ever look forward to the time (and we believe it is not far distant) when it shall go out as well represented as any class in the University. Last, but not least, we would say that we are more than proud of our faculty. We have a corps of professors and instructors that is not excelled by any college or school of pharmacy in the United States. With all of this and our splendid laboratory facilities, it is a source of pleasure to record our history, though humble it may seem. Our best wish to the Senior class next year is to enjoy themselves as we have done. With these few remarks we bid you adieu. Rec5ister. David, Laura B. Alden. Eaton, Harry E. Kellogg. Heinrich, J. Rudy Ft. Wayne, Incl. Michael, Herman Ft. Wayne, Ind. Smith, Lillie Iowa City. 94 Junior Class. MOTTO — " Hold you ever to your special drift. " OFFICERS. L. R. CAMPBELL, H. F. JONES, . S. F. SHEFFEIt, . BERTHA L. BULL ' S, MATT. J. KEEFE, President. Vice-President. Secretary. Historians. pistory. E, the Junior Pharmacists of ' 93, are very fortunate in being successors of a very progressive, aggressive and reformative c class. Following in its wake to some extent, we make our bow 7 for recognition. The S. U. I., realizing or anticipating our importance, the wealth, beauty and genius of the class that would seek admission to the Pharmaceutical Department of ' 92, made grand preparation for our reception. They completed the Science Hall, a grand, spacious and commodious building, which contains the finest Chemical and Pharmaceutical laboratories and lecture rooms in the west. This building kindly threw open her portals to greet the most jovial, light- hearted, ambitious (and we claim), intelligent class that will ever be instructed within her walls. We came with our hopes and fears. Hopes for future success, that even we might be able to climb higher and higher until we would be able to peer into the face of the Goddess Fame as she sits enshrined on her misty sum- mit. Fears lest we should not improve the golden moments of our class opportunities s ufficiently to impress our professors with our earnestness and certainty of accomplishing ostensible purposes. In number we exceed the number of days and nights of the deluge. In weight we will tip the scales at six thousand pounds. Our aggregate length is two hundred and fifty feet. If a composite picture were made of our class it would reveal a fair-haired, grey-eyed, acquiline featured and classical browed youth of about twenty summers, with pompadour. As coming 95 events cast their shadows before them, we will hazard this opinion that our composite youth, though now, will not always be destitute of a superlabial hirsute ornamentation. Our modes of action have not always been characterized by that famous innocuous desuetude; for instance, when we had visitors, it was then we vied with each other in performing little courtesies that make life pleasant. If we discovered a faint brother in the ' front (somehow they were always there) we immediately passed him hand over head to the rear for fresh air. And when a bashful one was late at lectures we inspired him with cheers and with all fours until he took his seat, which feat he generally plished with celerity. As to our musical performances, we think we have been, are and will be a howling success. But, fellow students, the gaiety and joyful complaisance of plation are often turned into keenest sorrow by occurrences most remote from our expectations. A beloved fellow classmate has been taken from our number by death. Years of sadness, words of sympathy and love are nothing to him. To ourselves let them be tokens of earnest friendships and helpful hands. Examples like his ought and must live and affect us long after the ties of his association are broken. Scholarly. earnest, industrious and kind. Rollin DuFoe was the embodiment of the efficient student and gentleman. We will sacredly revere the memory of our departed brother. " Beautiful toiler, thy work is done, Beautiful soul into glory won, Beautiful life with its crown now God giveth thee rest. Rest from all sorrow and waiting and fears, Rest from all possible sighing and -tears, Rest through God ' s endless, wonderful years, At home with the blest. " Six months of our ' Varsity life has nearly passed. Expectantly we waited for our work in the Chemical and Pharmaceutical laboratories, the mysteries of which surpassed our understanding, but have now ceased to " surpass. " We are thinking now we are in the swim If we meet with no disaster, And be able to cure our foot ball team With oui single attachment plaster. You will probably meet us in the coming years, ' 93 Pharmaceuts everywhere, Extracting lobelia, taraxacum and majoricum, Rhus tox i co dendron and di psi floricum. 96 - ReQister. Bullis, Bertha L. Allerton. Blessin, E. H. C. El Dorado. Beuter, L. V. Solon. Butts, C. M. Miller, S. Dak. Butterbaugh, W. S. Iowa City. Bull, A. S. Wellman. Chapman, J. M. Princeton. Cole, Will Iowa City. Campbell, L. R. Davenport. Coveny, Harry Marysville, Mo. Doan, F. M. Cresco. Du Foe, R. N. Cedar Falls. Forrester, J. S. Dexter. Forsyth, D. B. Mystic. Gregg, F. K. Felecity, Ohio. Hoon, Grant Tipton. Hill, Frank Magnolia. Hoxie, A. T. Hampton. Harlan, 0. 0. Storm Lake. Haynes, C. E. Oskaloosa. Holihan, J. H. Rockwell. Hadlock, F. L. Ida Grove. Jones, H. F. Clarinda. Keefe, M. J. Waterloo. Ladage, H. W. Grundy Centre. Mullins, U. S. Atlantic. Murphy, G. C. Algona. Mattison, Edwin West Branch. Mullarky, E. E. Butler Center. Miller. J. A. Eddyville. Mackrill, W. A. Onslow. McMillan, R. A. Washington. Ostrander, A. R. Dexter. Presnell, F. L. Scranton. Sands, F. G. Ainsworth. Stanford, R. 0. Cambridge, Pa. Sheffer, S. F. Ottumwa. Scrimgeour, C. A. Belle Plaine. Sager, A. C. Bristol, Ohio. Sager, R. E. Bristol, Ohio. Sherman, M. E. Lake City. Sturdevant, H. A. Clarence. Welch, J. W. Tipton. Winans, L. P. Muscatine. Waugh, H. B. Mt. Pleasant. 97 In ' Memoriam,. James M. Love, LL.D. Born in Virginia March 4th, 1820. Admitted to the bar in Ohio in 1842. Served as captain in the Mexican war. Removed to Iowa in 1850. Served in State Senate during sessions, of 1852 and 1854. Appoin ted Judge of the District Court of the United States for Iowa in 1855, which position he held until death. Appointed to a professorship in Law Department, S. U. I., 1875. Chancellor of Law Department from 1887 to 1890. Professor of the Law of Patents and of Federal Jurisprudence and Admiralty and Lecturer on Evidence at time of death. Died at his home, Keokuk, Iowa, July 2d, 1891. Washington Freeman Peck, A.M., M.D. Washington Freeman Peck was born in Wayne county, New York, January 22d, 1841. M. D. Bellevue Medical College, 1863. Surgeon in vue Hospital, also in Lincoln General Hospital. Located at Davenport, Iowa in 1864. One of the founders of the Medical Department, S. U. I. Professor of Princ iple and Practice of Surgery and Clinical Surgery and Dean of Medical Faculty, S. U. I., 1868. Shortly before his death, owing to failing health, he became professor emeritus. He retained his position as Dean until death. Was visiting surgeon of Mercy Hospital and Orphan ' s Home, Davenport, Iowa, and of Mercy Hospital, Iowa City, Iowa. In 1875 was chosen by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway Company surgeon- in-chief of the road. Died at his home in Davenport, December 12th, 1891. Rollin N. DuFoe. Rollin N. DuFoe was born in 1873. Graduated from the High school of Cedar Falls, ' Iowa. Entered the Junior Pharmaceutical Class, S. U. I., in September, 1891. Although a new student and but a short time connected with the University, he had become well and favorably known. He died at his home in Cedar Falls, November 11th, 1891. 98 THE TABARD FOUNDED ALLHALLOWEVEN MDCCCXCI MEMBERS LUCIUS WARD BANNISTER KATHARINE BRAINERD BARBER GEORGE 13 E A RD SL EY RUSH CLARK BUTLER GEORGE CRAM COOK LLOYD LEROY ELLIOTT REDELIA GILCHRIST MARY CHASTINA HOLT JOHN ARTHUR HORNBY ROBERT CALFE MORSE BESSIE GRACE PARKER STELLA HELEN PRICE BERTHA GILCHRIST RIDGEWAY FRANCIS LOUISE ROGERS MARTIN WRIGHT SAMPSON WRIGHT COOLIDGE SAMPSON NATHANIEL WRIGHT STEPHENSON PETER DIRK VAN OOSTERHOUT HONORARY MEMBERS CLARK FRANCES VAN RENSSELAER CHARLES ASHMEAD SCIIAEFFEII COLORS WHITE AND BLACK iterar9 oeietie IN ORDER OF FOUNDING. 99 Zetagathian Society. MOTTO:— Vita sine literis Mors est, CoLoR:—Harvard Crimson. OFFICERS. FALL TERM. I MILFORD HALL LYON, HORACE S: HOLLINGSWORTH, WILLARD LINCOLN CONVERSE, EARLE PALMER HOPKINS, . JOHN A. HORNBY, President. Vice-President. Recording Secretary. Treasurer. Corresponding Secretary. WINTER TERM • WILLIAM T. CHANTLAND, FRANK RUSSELL, WILLIAM W. GARWOOD, . ARTHUR STEPHEN HAMILTON, CHARLES S. ALDRICH, . President. Vice-President. Recording Secretary. Treasurer. Corresponding Secretary. Orga9izadori aid ylistory. HE Zetagathian Society was permanently organized by charter members on the 26th of April, 1861. The early history of society is one of hardship and privation. The members were Wq there was no place of regular meeting, and the condition of the A University was by no means what it is now. But it all only served 7 to lay a firm foundation and impress upon the members ' minds the true object of the society. When the War of the Rebellion broke out nearly the whole society enlisted. A " Zet " was chosen captain of the University company and the boys gave up their studies, their cherished plans, their pleasant associations, to do and die for their country. They did their duty. Since the war the growth of the society has not been checked. Moving from room to room, from quarters to quarters, until 1870 when the Board of Regents authorized the present hall, its growth has been gradual, sure, till at the present time the Zetagathian Society probably has not a peer in the state of Iowa. 100 The members of the society are proud of its long succession of forensic triumphs. Out of a possible sixty-seven prizes for oratory the " Zets " have won forty-six. ' Out of the eighteen home contest winners that have gone to the state contest fifteen were " Zets. " And six of these went to the state contest. The Alumni number over 300 able, well-trained men. They are to be found in every position of honor and trust, walking in every avenue of human life, a credit to the state, and an honor to thii Society and the University. The members of the Zetagathian Society have not only learned to late its name, but they have also become so imbued with the spirit of that translation, that Zetagathianism is a recognized element in the University. They have no quarrel to pick with social societies. Culture in the sity is of two kinds, viz:, intellectual and social. The latter is the ing of the outer man, while the former is the development of the inner man. The Zetagathian Society has thrown down the gauntlet and stands the champion of literary development in the University. Four years of ence have passed only to more strongly intrench its willing position. The Zetrhetorican or Debating Club is a valuable adjunct. It holds closed meetings every Saturday afternoon, and is of quite as much value to its members as the society proper. At the present time the society is in splendid condition. Its ship is larger than ever before and the standard of membership is certainly of the very highest. With a hall well furnished, free from debt, and its members united, the society is certainly in a healthy, growing condition. Public programs are given every Friday evening of the collegiate year to which the society extends a cordial invitation. Members. RESIDENT GRADUATES. Harrison Frank Rall. Gilbert Logan Houser. SENIORS. William T. Chantland. Milton T. Eudaly. Horace S. Hollingsworth. Milford Hall Lyon. Joseph Mekota. Julien C. Monnet. I. E. Munger. Frank Nelson. Harry S. Richards. Frank Russell. George Elmer Shambaugh. Ben. F. Shambaugh. William H. Walker. Will Bailey. Fred Brasted. Alney E. Chaffee. Lloyd L. Elliott. William Wallace Kaye. Felix J. Langenhorst. P. A. McMillen. I). A. W. McMillan. JUNIORS. Oscar IL L. Mason. Herbert C. Ring. Edwin A. Robb. Samuel Kirkwood Stevenson. Charles Carroll Stover. Henry M. Troy. Peter D. Van Oosterhout. 101 SOPHOMORES. Willard L. Converse. Herbert C. Dorcas. George A. Fracker. Arthur S. Hamilton. Earle Palmer Hopkins. Benjamin Rush McAllister. Hairy Grant Plum. Leonard Browning Robinson. Albert T. Rutledge. FRESHMEN. Charles S. Aldrich. Joseph H. Allen. Walter M. Davis. George C. Ewing. William W. Garwood. Frank H. Gunsolus. Percy L. Kaye. Harry Keefe. Jesse L. Kinmoth. Graham W. Lawrence. Victor L. Littig. F. W. Lovell. Archie H. McKinley. Albert H. Moffit. Harry 0. Pratt. George Burton Rigg. Louis J. Rowell. Claude D. Walrod. Harry M. Walters. 102 . Erodelphian Society. MOTTO - We gather light to scatter. Green and Pink. OFFICERS. FALL TERM. AGNES OTTO, BERTHA HORAK, . JESSAMINE JONES, • MARGARET GLEASON, MARY ALFORD, . President. Vice President. Secretary. Treasurer. Corresponding Secretary. WINTER TERM KATHARINE BARBER, President. FRANCES _ROGERS, . Vice President. MARY ALFORD, . • Secretary. MARGARET GLEASON, . Treasurer. JULEMIA KOSTOMLATSKY, . • Corresponding Secretary. Orgariizatio9 ar?d History. [T was on the 6th of October, 1862, that the Erodelphian Society came into existence with a membership of forty-four, this being the first women ' s literary society west of the Mississippi river. L Women ' s literary societies were then a decided novelty and it was only after prolonged deliberation as to the propriety of allowing women to take part in such work that the organization was permitted by the Faculty. The manner in which the girls took up the work assured that body that the decision was justified. The meetings were at first private and were held in what is now the Secretary ' s office in the Central Building. Here these pioneers, in the extensive work which women are doing in the University, read essays and criticisms, gave declamations and readings. No debates had been attempted and when this still more daring innovation was adopted, a portion of the members, who were unfavorable, withdrew and formed a new o rganization. In spite of this struggle for the privilege, the independent number who remained soon gave up debates, and for some time these had no part in the programs. 103 In 1870 several changes brought increased prosperity to the ans. The society moved into the north room on the third floor of the South Building, sharing it with Irving Institute: the hour of meeting was changed to eight o ' clock on alternate Saturday evenings and the programs were made Since that time the society has progressed steadily with an lent average membership. The hall, with its Grand piano and pretty furnishings, forms a pleasant home for the members, who have here given good programs, held numerous spreads and social gatherings. Debates have become an important feature of the programs, and are generally given extempore. Members in good standing who have done the work required by the society are graduated with honors at the termination of their course. Formerly a diploma was given, but one of the innovations of the year ' 91 was the adoption of a society pin to take the place of a diploma. The pin consists of a small gold star, engraved with E. S., to which is attached a guard pin in the form of a monogram of the letters S. U. I. With the workers who have already proved themselves faithful by from one to three years ' work in the past and a goodly re-enforcement of Fresh- men to shoulder the work of the future, the Erodelphians have every cause to congratulate themselves and to look forward hopefully to what the coming years may bring. members. Alford, Louise Henderson, Rose Alford, Mary Horak, Bertha Ashley, Clementine Horne, Geneva ' - Barber, Katharine Jones, Jessamine Birge, Grace Kalkofen, Emma Bostedo, Kate Kostomlatsky, Julemia Bowman, Bessie McGuire, Mary Butler, Helen Otto, Agnes Bruce, Helen Otto, Clementine Garwood, Norma Peery, Nellie Gleason, Margaret Rogers Frances Hadlock, Ida Speer, Jessie Heath, Alice Whi nnery, Jessie 104 1 Hespsrian Society. OFFICERS. JULIA E. ROGERS, BESSIE G. PARKER, MARY C. HOLT, . INEZ KELSO, . EVA MILLER. . BERTHA M. WILSON, FALL TERM, P resident. Vice-President. Secretary. Treasurer. Corresponding Secretary. Critic. WINTER TERM S. MAY GAY:RON, . • President. MILLICENT M. CUPLIN, Vice-President. FRANCES MILLS, • Secretary. INEZ KELSO, Treasurer. NANNIE MCKINLEY, . Corresponding Secretary. MARY C. HOLT, . Critic. History arid OrQa9izatiori. ESPERIA ' S early record, more priceless than Sibylline books, 47 were, like them, destroyed ere mortals knew their potency. Hence, it must ever remain a question which puzzles the foundest thinkers, whether the Hesperian was the first or the second young woman ' s literary society to be established in the versity of Iowa. Indeed, we are willing, since it must be, that the precise hour at which we sprang, full-armed, into existence, be allowed to rest " in oblivion ' s bottomless maw, " for we owe our glory not to paltry parchment, but to deeds of energy and valor which our motto, " Ad astra per aspera, ' , but plainly suggests. We have always had brainy young women within our ranks, and we poi nt with pride to two of our graduates who are holding positions of honor in connection with the University, as well as to others, who, by their womanly qualities, are winning names for themselves in this and in neighboring states. For the past two years our society h as taken all the prizes in the Young Women ' s Declamatory Contest in the spring, and for the past years the Holbrook essay prize has fallen to some of our members. 105 We now number twenty-six—a happy company—banded together to make the most of ourselves and to edify outsiders. We hold open sessions once a fortnight, on which occasions we present programs which have often been pronounced good. We do not claim to have reached perfection in literary work. We admit that sometimes we are " crude, " and at other times ,`gush, " that some of us are awkward, and others have voices which need oiling; but, friends, follow us as we ascend, and you will find that as the labors are completed, and the stars appear before us, these external imperfections fall from us like worn- out garments, until, wafted on Hesperian breezes above the region of ial things, we ever rise, like the skylark, who " Singing still loth soar And soaring ever singeth. " Members. S. May Gaymon, Lizzie Jones, Julia E. Rogers, Leona A. Wheeler, Clara A. Slotterbec, Elizabeth D. Jones, Julia M. Crawford, L. Anna Robinson, Bessie G. Parker, Nannie Mc Ki nley, Margaret E. Williams, Mae Lomas, Elizabeth Moore, Theresa Peet, Etlie C. Forest, Mant Bloom, Carrie L. Clark, Mary E. Rankin, Inez Kelso, Eva Miller, Annabel Collins, ' Frances Mills, Mary C. Holt, Millicent M. Cuplin, Bertha M. Wilson, Ethel A. Hackett. 106 • institute. OFFICERS. FALL TERM HARRY E. KELLY, . M. I. HEPPENSTALL, JOHN G. MUELLER, . W. A. LOMAS, ALBERT WISE, . President. Vice President. Treasurer. Recording Secretary. corresponding Secretary. WINTER TERM F. W. MEYERS, President. W. R. WHITEIS, Vice President. JOHN G. MUELLER, Treasurer. WALTER TANTLINGER, Recording Secretary. R. H. Corresponding Secretary. History aqd OrQaQizatiori. HERE is no necessity for repeating the story of Irving ' s birth, growth and twenty-seven years ' prosperity told in THE HAWKEYE of last year. Sufficient evidence has been given since then that the old, energetic spirit pervades the successors of the men who placed Irving in the front rank of university literary societies and now occupy honored positions in professional, educational and political life. The j Irving class of ' 91 was among the very best and largest ever sent forth, six of them graduating with honors. Irving gave the boys a hearty speed with mingled feelings of pleasure at their college successes and bright prospects, and anxiety as to who should take their places on the rostrum of North Hall. Of the forty-four good men and true, but twenty-six returned in September. But there proved to be an abundance of good literary rial among the new students, and the places of eighteen of the old boys have been filled. THE HAWKEYE of ' 94 may tell more of these men for they have caught the Irving spirit. Members of the Society are preeminent in journalistic work, so rapidly becoming a factor in our University life. Seven men on The Vidette staff including the business manager and editor-in-chief, six men on the Quill, four editors of the ' 92 HAWKEYE including managing editor, and four of the 107 present HAWKEYE corps among them the managing editor, is certainly no, insignificant showing. The Irving and Zetagathian Societies are ing the matter of publishing a work of literary character during the year. Membership in the newly organized literary club, " The Tabard, " sisting of Professors and upper classmen, has been conferred upon four Irvings, one of whom is President, and upon gentlemen of no other literary society. The orations, declamations, and debates during the Fail term have. steadily improved, and though the audiences have been increasing they still do not come up to what the merit of the work deserves. The financial success of the lecture course places a neat little sum in the treasury, as there was no previous indebtedness. The orators taking second, third and fourth places last year were• T rvings. The Fall term has been a successful one, and it has fired every man with enthusiasm in the work. The Society is a unit— there are no factors. that always " vote together in business meetings. " The Frat. men in Irving are Irvings and not parts of a clique, and they vote independently on all questions. A man is accepted or rejected for his individual qualities and the result is an organization harmonious and untroubled by tions. (Members. Apple, Beaumont Bannister, L. Ward Beardsley, George Blakely, W. H. Burt, Leroy J. Butler, Rush C. Cook. George Cram Crum, John YanFleet Cochran, W. H, Cunningham, Matt C. Fair, A. B. Flynn, Charles J. Gleason, Fred Gruwell, G. W. Harvey, C. C. Heath, John Heppenstall, M. I. Holbrook, David 0. Holbrook, James B. Holman, E. H. Jaques, Jo Ralph Johnson, Reginald Hall Johnson, E. C. Kelly, Harry E. Lomas, W. A. Myers, Hari_ Meyers, F. W. Mueller, J. G. Noble, G. S. Neal, Fred W. Pierce, Frank Gilman Rogers, A. M. Sabin, Gerald N. Sanford, Allen T. Sargent, Perry Sollenbarger, D. T. Sollenbarger, G. H. Stiles, G. W. Stowe, F. A. Stotts, John H. Tantlinger, Walter Whiteis, W. R. White, E. S. Wise, Albert Woolston, Frank Virtue, J. C. 108 Law iterary Society. OFFICERS. JOHN BLD-1, . President. J. P. STARR, , Vice President. - C. M. DUTCHER, . . Secretary and Treasurer. N the evening of October 9th, 1890, a small band of law gathered in the old Hall of Representatives to consider the bility of organizing a literary society. In preceding years -i students of the Law Department of the University had various attempts to maintain a literary society, but in every case their efforts resulted in almost absolute failure. The following quo tation from the minutes of one of the latest meetings of which the record bears witness tells something of the nature of the proceedings then had: " No action or any other important business. The dent, pro terra, acted arbitrarily and dictatorially and refused appeals to the house from his unjust rulings. " With the recollection of the struggles and vicissitudes of their cessors still fresh in their memories; with faint hopes and many misgivings in regard to their own success; with nothing to encourage and everything to hinder; nevertheless, in the face of these discouragements, on that night of October 9th, 1890, they undertook the task of organizing the society upon a permanent basis. The faculty of the Law Department kindly tendered the large lecture hall for the use of the society, and with other ments appearing from time to time, together with many willing workers, the society was able to maintain itself throughout the year in a manner creditable to its members and to the institution in which it exists. Never before in the history of the Law Department had a society posed of law students alone been able to exist for so long a period; yet it still exists and is stronger to-day than ever before. Our facilities for ing on the society are few enough, to be sure, but in point of earnest workers, honest efforts and mental ability, we challenge the older societies of the University. The object toward which we aim is self improvement; the immediate results are social enjoyment, literary training and oratorical experience; the ultimate result will be unity, justice and brotherly love in our profession. As to the future of the society, we can only hope for those things whereof we know not. May the stately walls, wherein it now lives and has its being, guard and protect it from the dangers which may arise, and, feeding upon those things which are food for the profession it represents, - may it bear its fruitage of honor, justice and law. 109 ERNITIE,5 IN ORDER THEIR. ,nnt, E6TABLIORIVIE • BETA • • PH l• KAPP • DELTA • TA U E L:TA °Nil° DELTA °THETA KAPPA - KAPPA ° CIAMMA° ° . DE _,TA ° a AM PI A ' ,9 i4zr 4- 6 a, A Beta TINta Pie 1839. (Incorporated.) Blue and Pink. OFFICIAL MAGAZINE — Beta Theta Pi. FLOWER — The Rose. YELL — Phi Kai Phi, Beta Theta Pi, II bog in, Wooglin! Club House and Summer Resort at " Wooglin " on Lake Chautauqua. FLAG —Field of dark blue, a pyramid of three white stars in the center, enclosing a red rose, and a panel of white bordering the edges of the ,flag. ROLL OF FICTIVE CHAPTERS. DISTRICT I. Harvard (Eta). Brown (Kappa). Boston (Upsilon). Maine State (Beta Eta). Amherst (Beta Iota). Dartmouth (Alpha Omega). Wesleyan (Mu Epsilon). Yale (Phi Chi). DISTRICT II. Rutgers (Beta Gamma). Stevens (Sigma). Cornell (Beta Delta). St. Lawrence (Beta Zeta). Colgate (Beta Theta). Union (Nu). Columbia (Alpha Alpha). Syracuse (Beta Epsilon). DISTRICT VI. Miami (Alpha). Univ. of Cincinnati (Beta Nu). Ohio (Beta Kappa). Western Reserve (Beta). Washington-Jefferson (Gamma). Ohio Wesleyan (Theta). Bethany (Psi). Wittenberg (Alpha Gamma). Denison (Alpha Eta). Wooster (Alpha Lambda). Kenyon (Beta Alpha). Ohio State (Theta Delta). DISTRICT VII. DePauw (Delta). Indiana (Pi). Michigan (Lambda). Wabash (Tau). Hanover (Iota). 111 DISTRICT III. Dickinson (Alpha Sigma). DISTRICT VIII. Johns Hopkins (Alpha Chi). Knox (Alpha Xi). University of Pennsylvania (Phi). Beloit (Chi). Pa. State College (Alpha Upsilon). Univ. of Iowa (Alpha Beta). Lehigh (Beta Chi). Iowa Wesleyan (Alpha Epsilon). Wisconsin (Alpha Pi). DISTRICT IV. Northwestern (Rho). Hampden-Sidney (Zeta). Minnesota (Beta Pi). North Carolina (Eta Beta). Virginia (Omicron). DISTRICT IX. Davidson (Phi Alpha). Westminster (Alpha Delta). Richmond (Alpha Kappa) Kansas (Alpha Nu). Randolph-Macon (Xi). California (Xi). DISTRICT V. Centre (Epsilon). Cumberland (Mu). Mississippi (Beta Beta). Vanderbilt (Beta Lambda). Texas (Beta Omicron). Denver (Alpha Zeta). Nebraska (Alpha Tau). Missouri (Zeta Phi). 112 2a Beta Gl?apter of Beta TINta Pi. Established in 1866. FRATER IN URBE. Milton Remley, Alpha Beta, Attorney. FRATRES IN FACULTATE. Emlin McClain, Alpha Beta, Chancellor of Law. Eugene Wambaugh, Law Professor. Charles Bundy Wilson, Beta Delta, Professor of Modern Languages, FRATRES IN UNIVERSITATE. COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT. Post Arthur John Cox. Senior. Samuel Gray Cartwright. Juniors. George Beardsley, Rush Clark Preston Craft Coast. Sophomores. Joseph Irving Cowperthwaite, John VanFleet Curtis Thompson Dey. Freshmen. Grenville Mellen Dodge Beard, Harry Morrow, Jr., Frederick Ingham, John Clarence Stone. LAW DEPARTMENT. Seniors. Harry Douglas Allen, Levi Harper Ellsworth Rominger. MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. Middle Year: Wesley Jones Morrison. • DENTAL DEPARTMENT. Senior. Bert Morgan Reno. 113 psi. [Founded at Washington and Jefferson College 1852.] CoLoR—Pink and Lavender. YELL—High, High, High! Phi Kappa Psi! Live Ever, Die Never! Phi Kappa Psi! ROLL OF ACTIVE CHAPTERS. DISTRICT I. Washington and Jefferson College. Allegheny College. Bucknell University. Pennsylvania College. Dickinson College. Franklin and Marshall College. La Fayette College. Swarthmore College. Cornell University. Syracuse University. Hobart College. Colgate University. DISTRICT II. University of Virginia. Washington and Lee University. Hampden-Sidney College. University of West Virginia. Johns Hopkins University. Columbian College. South Carolina College. University of Mississippi. DISTRICT III. Ohio Wesleyan University. Wittenburg College. Wooster University. Ohio State University. Indiana State University. Wabash College. DISTRICT IV. Northwestern University. University of Michigan. University of Wisconsin. Beloit College. University of Iowa. University of Minnesota. University of Kansas. University of the Pacific. Leland Stanford, Jr., University. ALUMNI CHAPTERS. Philadelphia, Pa. Cleveland, Ohio. Cincinnati, Ohio. Springfield, Ohio. Chicago, Ill. Minneapolis, Minn. New York, N. Y. Kansas City, Mo. 114 , , , F A M.o.. F,,,A ! A • Iowa FiIpl2a of 2i Kappa Psi. 1867. Reorganized in 1885. FRATRES IN URBE Hon. Abel E. Swisher. Lovell Judge Samuel II. Fairall. FRATER IN Theodore L. Neff. FRATRES IN UNIVERSITATE COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT. Senior. George Cram Cook. Juniors. William Larrabee, Jr. Hari. Myers. Charles Cole Harvey. Clarence W. H. Smith. Sophomore. George Francis Lindsay. Freshmen. Reginald Hall Johnson. Edward G. Zell H. Hutchinson. LAW DEPARTMENT. Seniors. Carl Allen Stutsman. Louis Morton John Harry Sindlinger. Juniors. George Franklin Hawley. Fred Bloomer Blair . MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. Senior. Charles Vollmer. 115 Delta Tau Delta. [Founded at Bethany College, 1860.1 CHAPTER GRAND DIVISION OF THE NORTH. Beta.—Ohio University. Kappa.—Hillsdale College. Delta.—University of Michigan. Mu.—Ohio Wesleyan University. Epsilon.—Albion College. Phi.—Hanover College. Zeta.—Adelhert College. Xi.—Kenyon College. Eta.—Buchtel College. Psi.—University of Wooster. Theta.—Bethany College. Beta Alpha.—Indiana University. Iota.—Michigan Agricultural College. Beta Beta.—DePauw University Beta Zeta.—Butler University. GRAND DIVISION OF THE SOUTH. Lambda.—Vanderbilt University. Pi.—University of Mississippi. Beta Delta.—University of Georgia. Beta Xsi.—Tulane University. Beta Epsilon.—Emory College. Beta Theta.—University of the South. Beta Iota.—University of Virginia. GRAND DIVISION OF THE EAST. Alpha.—Allegheny College. Beta Lambda.—Lehigh University. Gamma.—Washington and Jefferson. Beta Mu.—Tufts College. Nu.—Lafayette College. Beta Nu.—Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Pi.—Stevens Institute of Technology. Beta Sigma.—Boston University: Tau.—Franklin and Marshall. Beta Omicron.—Cornell University. Upsilon.—Rensselaer Polytechnic Ins. Sigma.—Williams College. GRAND DIVISION OF THE WEST. of Iowa. Omega.—Iowa State College. Xsi.—Simpson College, Iowa. Beta Eta.—University of Minnesota. Beta Kappa.—University of Colorado. New York. Chicago. Nashville. Cleveland. ALUMNI ASSOCIATIONS. Minneapolis. Pittsburg. Lincoln. 116 i , Omieror? Qt?apter of Delta Tau Delta. Established 1880. YELL.—Delta Tau! Delta Tau! Bah! Bali! Delta Thu! CoLou.—Purple, Old Gold and While. FRATER IN FACULTATE Thomas H. McBride. FRATRES IN URBE Samuel Watchman Fairali. Henry Hayes Carson. Horace Greely Clark. Clifton Clark Coldren. Frank Coke Carson. William Judd McChesney. George Rowell Coldren. FRATRES IN Frederick Langer Kennedy. Murray A. Campbell. Lucius Ward Bannister. Ralph Palmer Bolton. Will Haight Jennings. Beaumont Apple. John A. Hornby. UNIVERSITATE Fitz Warren Thompson. Jo Ralph Jaques. Will Fred Chester. Webster Lawrence Mason. David Oliver Holbrook. James Bernard Holbrook. 117 lei Delta Ttota. Founded at Miami, (Incorporated.) CoLon—Light Blue and White. Carnation. YELL — Bah! Rah. ' Rah! Phi! Kei! A! Phi Delta Theta! Rah! Rah! Rah: National Convention of 1893, Syracuse, N. Y. Annual Alumni Day, March 15th. CHAPTER ALPHA PROVINCE. Colby University. Dartmouth College. University of Vermont. Williams College. Amherst College. Brown University. Cornell University. Union University. Syracuse University. LaFayette College. Pennsylvania College. Washington-Jefferson College. Allegheny College. Dickinson College. University of Pennsylvania. Lehigh University. College of City of New BETA PROVINCE. Roanoke College. University of North Carolina. University of Virginia. South Carolina College. Randolph-Macon College. Centre College. Richmond College. Central University. Washington-Lee University. GAMMA PROVINCE. University of Georgia. Emory College. Mercer University. Vanderbilt University. University of the South. University of Alabama. Ala. Polytechnic Institute. Southern University. 118 DELTA PROVINCE. University of Mississippi. University of Texas. Tulane University. Southwestern University. EPSILON PROVINCE. Miami University. Butler University. Ohio Wesleyan University. Franklin College. Ohio University. Hanover College. University of Wooster. DePauw UniverSlity. Buchtel College. University of Michigan. Ohio State University. State College of Michigan. Indiana University. Hillsdale College. Wabash College. ZETA PROVINCE. Northwestern University. Iowa Wesleyan Univ ersity. Knox College. State University of Iowa. Illinois Wesleyan Univ. University of Kansas. Lombard University. University of Nebraska. University of Wisconsin. University of California. University of Missouri. Leland Stanford, Jr., Univ. Washington University. ALUMNI CHAPTERS. New York, N. Y. Akron, 0. Pittsburg, Pa. Louisville, Ky. Philadelphia, Pa. Franklin, Ind. Baltimore, Md. Indianapolis, Ind. Washington, D. C. Chicago, Ill. Richmond, Va. Galesburg, Ill. Columbus, Ga. Kansas City, Mo. Atlanta, Ga. Minneapolis, Minn. Nashville, Tenn. St. Paul, Minn. Montgomery, Ala. San Francisco, Cal. Selma, Ala. Los Angeles, Cincinnati, 0. 119 Iowa Zeta of pm :Delta 711.eta. 1882. CHAPTER YELL - Bah! Rah! Rah! Phi-Del-R! Iowa Beta! Phi Delta T heta! FRATRES IN FACULTATE. Laenas Gifford Weld, A.M., Professor of Mathematics, Iowa City, Iowa. Charles Scott ' Magowan, C.E., Assistant Professor of neering, Iowa City, Iowa. Herbert Jennings Till, LL.B., Instructor in Law ment, Iowa City, Iowa. FRATER IN URBE. Frank Arnold Hastings, C.E. MEMBER OF NATIONAL CONVENTION. George Walter Stiles, ' 92. FRATRES IN UNIVERSITATE. COLLEGIATE DEPARTMENT. Seniors. George Walter Stiles, Edward Louis Kablke, Sophomores. David Sturgis Fairchild, John McAllister Haddock, Charles William McElderry, Charles Dietrick Reimers, Marshalltown, Ia. Rock Island, Ill. Ames, Ia. Bedford, Ia. Afton, Ia. Rock Island, Ill. Freshman. Burton Francis Peek, Moline, Ill. 120 LAW DEPARTMENT. Seniors. Ira Dubois Orton, A.B., Santa Cruz, Cal. Walter Rollin Burnham, Storm Lake, Ia. Juniors. Victor Gurney Coe, Ben Howard Mallory, John Paul Minchen, George Albert Robinson, Harry Peck Toogood, Rock Rapids, Ia. Hampton, Ia. . Carroll, Ia. Hampton, Ia. Manchester, Ia. MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. Edward Ayres, (Ill. Z.), Afton, Ia. DENTAL DEPARTMENT. William Suits Hosford, A.B., Iowa City, Ia. Benson Fordyce, Platteville, Ia. 121 kappa liappa Gamma. CoLon— Light and Dark Blue. JEWEL - Sapphire. FLOWER - Fleur de Lis. PiStOry. APPA KAPPA GAMMA, the second woman ' s fraternity to come into existence, was founded at Monmouth, Illinois, in 1870. fraternity laws were passed by the college authorities and the charter of K K r was withdrawn. The oldest living chapter of Kappa Kappa Gamma is Delta, founded 1870 at the University of Indiana. The Key, the official organ of the fraternity, was the first magazine established by a woman ' s fraternity. The badge is a golden key inscribed with K. K. F., and on the lower part of the key are the letters A. 12. 0.: with this badge the chapter letters are usually worn as a guard. It has been the aim of Kappa Kappa Gamma to keep its standard high, entering no seminaries, private schools or colleges of low standing. Its membership is over 1500 and among the list of honorary members are found the names of Mrs. Julia Ward Howe, Mrs. Rutherford Hayes and Mrs. Mary Livermore. Zeta chapter was organized in 1882 at the Iowa State University. The aim of the chapter has been to maintain a high standard, to unite both social and intellectual elements and to issue invitations to no women of whom the chapter has not been well informed. 1890 the name of Zeta Chapter was changed to that of Beta Zeta. CHAPTER ROLL. ALPHA PROVINCE. Phi, Boston University, Boston, Mass. Beta Beta, St. Lawrence University, Canton, N. Y. Beta Tau, Syracuse University, Syracuse, N. Y. Psi, Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. Beta Alpha, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pa. Gamma Rho, Allegheny College, Meadville, Pa. 122 , i i BETA PROVINCE. Lambda, Buchtel College, Beta Gamma, Wooster University, Beta Delta, University of Michigan, Beta Nu, Ohio State University, Xi, Adrian College, Kappa, Hillsdale College, GAMMA PROVINCE Delta, Indiana University, Iota, DePauw University, Mu, Butler University, Eta, Wisconsin University, Upsilon, Northwestern University, Epsilon, Illinois Wesleyan University, DELTA PROVINCE. Chi, Minnesota University, Beta Zeta, Iowa University, Theta, Missouri University, Sigma, Nebraska University, Omega, Kansas University, Akron, 0. Wooster, 0. Ann Arbor, Mich. Columbus, 0. Adrian, Mich. Hillsdale, Mich. Bloomington, Ind. Greencastle, Incl. Irvington, Ind. Madison, Wis. Evanston, Ill . Bloomington, Ill. Minneapolis, Mimi. Iowa City, Ia. Columbia, Mo. Lincoln, Neb. Lawrence, Kan. 123 Beta Zeta Raptor of Kappa Kappa Gamma. SORORES IN URBE. Kate Legler. Mary Paine. Carrie Mordoff. Adel Ross. Mrs. Frank Carson. Mrs. Wm. Rachel Sherman. SORORES IN UNIVERSITATE. Laura Clarke, ' 92. Stella Price, ' 93. Jessamine Jones, ' 93. Elizabeth Rees, ' 93. Sophia Moore, ' 92. Helen Copeland, ' 88. Mary E. Barrett, ' 95. Mrs. Theodore L. Neff. Mae Lomas, ' 95. CHAPTER ALUMNAE. Gertrude Wheaton (Mrs. Daniel Reamer). Imogene Mitchell (Mrs. Chas. Von Shrader). Agnes Hatch (Mrs. James St. John. Anna Ross. Belle Andrews (Mrs. A. R. Dow). Flora Clapp (Mrs. F. W. Truesdell). Lucia Goodwin. Mary Paine. Jane Hanford (Mrs. Horace Wood). Helen Rawson (Mrs. R. Miller.) Minnie Ingham (Mrs. C. M. Doxie). Helen V. Ingham (Mrs. Charles Russell). Adel Ross. Esther Smalley. Rose B. Ankeny (Mrs. Lewis). Agnes Holbrook. Frances Hammond (Mrs. S. B. Howard). Carrie Mordoff. Minnie Preston. Mary Williams (Mrs. Merrit Holbrook.) Melia Tuttle. Grace Hanford. Grace Thompson (Mrs. Jas. Dickey). • Isa Moore (Mrs. Fred Terry). • Effie L. Marquardt Caroline Spielman (Mrs. McElhenny). Ida B. Clarke (Mrs. N. C. Young). Susan M. Paxson. Salome Dugan (Mrs. W. Cannon). Georgia Mitchell. Helen D. Orton. Kate Legler. Helen L. Copeland. Alice B. Calvin. Eluvia Wright. Cornelia R. Ingham. Veda Shaffer. Rachel Sherman. Bertha Nichols (Mrs. Frank Carson). 124 ' ' ,V.0 " Pi Beta Phi. SORORES IN URBE. Mrs. Emma H. Haddock, LL. B. Ella M. Ham. Mrs. Estelle Ball. Minnie Ely. Mrs. Nell Custer Swisher. Ida M. Greer. Miss Sarah F. Loughridge. May Booth. Elizabeth Hess, M. D. Carrie M. McCrory. Annie L. Ham. .Mabel Rundell. SORORES IN UNIVERSITATE. Seniors. Julia E. Rogers. Bertha M. Wilson. Sophomores. Bertha M. Horak. Jessie L. Speer. Jessie Johnston. Freshmen. Jessie Remley. Ida Hadlock. Eva Glass. Hattie B. Speer. Zulemia. Kostomlatsky. 125 Delta (ornmaw [Founded at Oxford, Miss., 1872.] CoLon.—Pink, Blue and Bronze. FLowER.—Marechat Niel Bose. CHAPTERS. Eta.—Buchtel College, Akron, Ohio. Omega.—Wisconsin University, Madison. Alpha.—Mount Union College, Mount Union, Ohio. Sigma.—Northwestern University, Evanston, Ill. Lambda.—Minnesota University, Minneapolis, Minn. Zeta.—Albion College, Albion, Mich. Chi.—Cornell University, Ithaca, N. Y. Xi.—Michigan University, Ann Arbor, Mich. Phi.—Colorado University, Boulder, Col. Tau.—Iowa University, Iowa City, Ia. Delta.—University of Lower California, Los Angeles, Cal. Kappa.—Nebraska University, Lincoln, Neb. Theta.—Alumni Chapter, Cleveland, Ohio. 126 IL. Tau QI?apter of Delta Gamma. Established 1887. Helen M. Cox. Cora Morrison. Emma Close. SORORES IN URBE. Jennie Rice. Kittie Hess. Anna Gillis. SORORES IN UNIVERSITATE. Margaret Gleason. Mary Holt. Mary Alford. Genevieve Horne. Louise Alford. Clementine Ashley. It 127 The Engineering Society. Officers for Fall Term, 1891. H. M. NORTH, . S. VER VEER, . C. W. H. SMITH, . W. J. CALVIN, . T. W. FATHERSON, President. Vice-President. Secretary. Treasurer. Librarian. Officers ?or Wir?ter Term, 1891. S. VER VEER, President. F. G. RAY, . Vice-President. C. W. H. SMITH, • Secretary. W. J. CALVIN, Treasurer. F. W. LOWELL, • Librarian. Papers Read Before the Engineeripg Society. SPRING TERM. April 7. Comparative Tests of Locomotives and Motors on Manhattan Elevated Railway. Elton Rice. April 14. Locomotive Valve and Link tion, Howard M. North. April 21. Coal and Mining Engineering, . William H. Bremner. April 28. Coal and Mining Engineering, . William H. Bremner. May 12. Inland Navigation, John C. Spencer. FALL TERM. Nov. 3. Locomotive Boiler Construction, Howard M. North. Nov. 10. Railway Development, . S. Ver Veer. Nov. 17. Improvement of Highways, • R. M. Cannon. Dec. 1. The Panama Canal, Professor Jameson. Dec. 8. Paving Brick, C. W. H. Smith. Dec. 15. Irrigation, F. G. Ray. " The Transit " is published semi-annually by the society show- ing the work in different lines of engineering study carried on in the University. Its articles are contributed largely by the bers of the society, and nearly all have been reproduced in the ing engineering magazines of the United States with favorable comment. 128 HE Seminary system of study and original research was introduced into the University by Professor G. T. W. Patrick, of the chair of 3 Philosophy, in the fall term of 1888. Since that time this method has grown in favor and there are now seminaries in connection with every chair in the Literary Department. This system came into American Universities from the German Universities through the efforts of President Charles Kendall Adams, of Cornell University. A system which was successful in the Universities of Germany has been found eminently useful in the work of our own students. The method pursued through the Seminaries leads the student to make personal research and independent investigation and gives him a more thorough and comprehensive knowledge of the subject in hand than is gained through the ordinary methods of the classroom. Each member is required to present a treatise or criticism upon some one subject during the term and to be able to discuss the papers of other members. Voluntary .reports have been introduced into the German Seminary, which permits a student to bring in items of interest in connection with the branch of study being pursued. 129 angtisil Seminary. HE English Seminary during the fall term of eighteen hundred and ninety-one was at work upon the poems of Tennyson. The object of the work was to decide, so far as possible with the materials at hand, what are the most plausible answers of the various questions which arise out of a study of Tennyson ' s poetry. To this end a number of special reports were read and discussed.. MEMBERS. Instructors in Charge. PROFESSOR SAMPSON. MR. STEPHENSON. G. C. Cook. Julia Rogers. Jessamine Jones. Marie Thompson. Bessie Parker. Mary Welch. Fannie Patton. Bertha Wilson. Zeminary. HE Latin Seminary affords opportunity for special and advanced studies in Literature, Antiquities and Mythology. Last term was ' voted to a critical study of the poems of Virgil. MEMBERS. Professor in Charge, A. N. CURRIER. George C. Cook. Katharine B. Barber. Helen Butler. Laura Clarke. Ella Ham. Nellie Harney. Blanche Hensel. Anna Hinman. Blanche Swingley. Eloise Willis. Bessie Wickham. Kate Wickham. 130 American History Seminary. Seminary method of instruction was first introduced into the r University by the Professor of History in the study of American History. Its aim was and is to give detailed consideration to topics, which, of necessity, can only be touched upon in the classroom. Papers are prepared by the members tracing the history of treaties, negotiations and institutions that have played and are playing an important part in the material and political development of this country. In this work original sources are used as far as possible and the student gains not only valuable training in original investigation, but a knowledge of the original sources which makes him independent of mere compilations and enables him to form a clearer conception of forces that have shaped the nation. The subjects considered so far this year are " The Antiquity of Man in America; " Public Lands: " Treaty of 1783 and Subsequent Treaties; " " The Indian Question; " " The Jesuit Missions in North ica; " and " The Causes of the Alienation of the Colonies. " MEMBERS. Professor in charge, W. R. PERKINS. Miss Brown. M. I. Heppenstall. Miss Thompson. H. S. Richards. Miss Wilson. G. E. Shambaugh. W. H. Walker. • English History Seminary. Ti2 Seminary in English History was organized at the beginning of the school year 1890-91, and has been continued down to the present date by the original members. The gradual growth of the English tution and Parliamentary Government has been traced from the earliest beginning in the Teutonic forests to the present time. The papers are based mostly on the original sources found in Hansard ' s mentary History, and the Letters and State papers now being published by the Master of the Rolls. This close study of English Institutions is in recognition of the fact that our own institutions are but the outgrowth of those England and not a new creation, and a thorough knowledge of the latter is essential to a proper appreciation of the former. MEMBERS. Professor in charge, W. R. PERKINS. W. T. Chantland. F. G. Pierce. Howard M. North. H. S. Richards. 131 German Literature Seminary. URING the present year the German Seminary is occupied with the dramas of the three great writers, Lessing, Goethe and Schiller, one term being devoted to each author. The gradual development of the German Drama is traced from the emancipation of German literature from the influence of the French to the period when Goethe ' s Faust was completed. As the subjects studied are changed from year to year, the whole field of German thought may be covered. A new feature of the nature of " voluntary reports " has been introduced. Each member is expected to bring to every meeting some new fact outside of the regular topic for discussion, or a notice of some recent book or article bearing on the literature or the institutions of Germany. Kate Barber. Mary Barber. Dora Gilfillan. MEMBERS. Professor in charge, C. B. WILSON. John A. Hornby. Elizabeth Rees. Emma Kalkofen. Charles D. Reimers. Felix J. Langenhorst. P. D. Van Oosterhout. Bessie Parker. Seminary in pedagogy. HE plan of work has been embraced in the investigation of practical educational subjects, each member taking his own subject and pursu- ing his investigation by reading or correspondence, or both. The t following subjects have been under discussion: A Study of the Public " High School: industrial Education; The Iowa Rural Schools; State Education; The City School Systems of Iowa; Primary Reading in Iowa Schools. MEMBERS. Professor in charge, J. J. McCort cm-A.. Florence Brown. M. H. Lyon. Ferren. F. W. Meyers. May Gaymon. Frank Nelson. Helen Harney. F. G. Pierce. C. L. Smith. Julia E. Rogers. D. T. Sollenbarger. F. A. Stowe. Fannie Patton. 132 political 5en?i9ap.9. Professor in Charge—I. A. Loos. r AND-TENURES and land values, involving a discussion of the prin- ciples of taxation and land ownership, form the central subject c for investigation and report during the current year. To each I her is assigned a special topic on which he makes frequent and regular reports, and he is expected at the end of the year to present a syste- I j L matic and carefully written paper as the result of his year ' s ' Won and study. Frank Nelson--U. S. Land Grants in Aid of Common Schools. H. E. Kelley U. S. Land Grants in Aid of Higher Education. B. F. Shambaugh—The Origin of Property in Land. L. L. Elliot—The Single Tax, Its Economic Basis and its Defects. S. G. Cartwright—Recent Tendencies in Legislation. J. C. Monnet—Recent Silver Legislation. in pi?ilcw)pf9. HE Philosophy Seminary meets every Tuesday evening during the ter term. The subjects for the coming year are: Final Causes, ticism, Mysticism and Pessimism. MEMBERS. Professor in Charge, G. T. W. PATMCK. H. S. Hollingsworth. F. A. Stowe. Arthur Myrick. W. H. Walker. F. W. Meyers. Bertha Wilson. er9or9 HE Psychological Seminary for the present year takes the form of a Memory Class. The Memory Class meets two hours a week during the i winter term and is devoted to theoretical studies in memory and to practical methods of memory training. It is conducted by Professor rick. There are twenty-four in the class. 133 Ghe 5. (1. Eeetupe Scapeau. the school year of 1889-90 the Zetagathian Society made a venture in the line of securing popular platform orators to deli ver lectures for the entertainment and edification of professor, student, and citizen. This 1. venture proved that a course of lectures should be an established fact in the college curriculum, and so last year a combination of the Irving and Zetagathian Societies was made, to insure financial backing to the Bureau. which is merely an annually elected committee from these two societies. Thus increased possibilities were opened to the Bureau, and the result is that first class lecturers have been secured. The course for 1891-92 was as follows: George Kennan; Robert Nourse; a two nights ' joint discussion on the " Shakespeare-Bacon Controversy, " by Ignatius Donnelly and Professor J. C. Freeman; Edward Eggleston, and M. Paul Blouet (Max O ' Rell.) The names of the members of the Bureau for this year are as follows: C. J. Flynn, President. F. W. Neal. S. K. Stevenson, Secretary and Treasurer. B. R. McAllister. W. T. Chantland, Corresponding Secretary. E. S. White. 134 6he Club. . HE Baconian Club was org anized December 11th, 1885, the charter „4 members being N. R. Leonard, P. H. Philbrick, Samuel Calvin, T. H. McBride, J. G. Gilchrist, L. W. Andrews, and A. A. Veblen. The members of the club are men actively engaged in scientific work, and are associated for " the mutual interchange of thought. and the discussion of such scientific topics as possess general est. " Besides the active membership of the club, there is a erable body of associates composed of persons interested in scientific work and progress. At present (January, 1892) there are on the roll of the club the names of twenty-three active members, twenty-two of whom are on the University Faculty, and of twenty-seven associates, a number of whom are students in the University. The annual session of the club begins the last week in September and ends the last week in April, during which period regular meetings are held on each Friday evening. At each meeting a paper is presented by some member of the club previously appointed to that duty. In the discussion of this paper all members and associates are at liberty to take part. Under the order of " voluntary reports, " members or associates present, each from his own line of study, any points which may have been brought out by recent investigations, or which, for other reasons, may be thought worthy of general attention. During the session of 1890-91 the average attendance at the meetings of the club was forty-five, including members, associate members and visitors. The meetings are held in the lecture room of the Physical Laboratory. Thus far in the history of the club there have been presented 158 papers and 272 voluntary reports, treating of a great variety of scientific topics. Since its organization six years ago the Baconian Club has fully realized the expectations of its founders and has become one of the permanent features of the University. The officers for the current year are Dr. J. G. Gilchrist, President; L. G. Weld, Secretary. 135 ratoricat ssociation. OFFICERS. MARY ALFORD, . President. JULIA ROGERS, . Vice-President. FRED B RA STED, . Recording Secretary. W. TANTLINGED, corresponding Secretary. W. W. KAYE, Treasurer. HE Oratorical Association consists of the undergraduates of the four Collegiate literary societies, and of such other aces of the University as have paid an initiatory fee of one dollar. The sole aim of the association is Oratory. For the ment of this high purpose an annual contest is held. This event is considered the event of the year. Of the six speakers, who, by the superiority of their productions, are entitled to appear at the Home test, the one ranking first is awarded the honor of representing the Univer- sity in the contest of the Northern Oratorical League. He also, together with the speake rs receiving second and third honors, acts as our delegate in the business sessions of the league. As a means of advancing somewhat the interests of the University, last spring the Oratorical Association severed its connection with the State Association and entered the Northern Oratorical League, composed then of the University of Michigan, University of Wisconsin, Oberlin Col- lege and Northwestern University. tiM 4.4 736 ii .•,: ,,_„ 33outtg ift,en s ttrisiian ssociatiatt. Officers-4891-92. M. H. LYON, . L. M. KRATZ, . A. T. SANFORD. FRED BRASTED, . W. M. PARSONS, H. F. KALLENBERG, President. Vice-President. Recording Secretary. Corresponding Secretary. General Secretary. Physical Director. - Board of Trustees. HON. PETER A. DEY, . PROF. THOS. H. MCBRIDE, LEVI ROBINSON, ESQ., . Dr. Chas. A. Schaeffer. Dr. J. L. Pickard. President. Secretary. Treasurer. Lyman Parsons. Prof. A. N. Currier. Committees and Chairmen. Bible Study—Professor Neff. lientbership—H. F. Ball. Nominating—P. A. McMillan. Social—George Shambaugh. _Missionary—F. E. Swanson. Finance—H. S. Hollingsworth. Devotional—J. H. Stotts. Correspondence—Fred Brasted. Athletic—A. T. Sanford. .Lecture—Frank Nelson. ti INCE the last Annual was issued, the Christian Associations have had the pleasure of seeing their new home—Close Hall—completed. The building, costing nearly $33,000, is owned by the associations, and is the ninth College Association building in the United States. Though dedicated only a few weeks ago (Nov. 22, 1891,) it has already given an petus to Christian work in the University. The Y. M. C. A. is broad in its scope, having as its aim the ment of a perfect manhood. To this end the building was planned, and in it the association provides for the physical, social, intellectual and spiritual welfare of young men. Students will find it profitable to identify themselves with it. 13 ' 7 Any young man in the University may become a member and enjoy all the privileges of the building, no matter what his religious belief may be. Gentlemanly conduct is all that is asked. Membership fee, 12 months $6.00 Membership fee, 9 months 5.00 Membership fee, 6 months 4.00 BIBLE STUDY. The young men are divided into groups for Bible study. In the fall term, ' 91, seven classes of from six to ten men each were organized. They meet weekly in the class rooms and spend one hour in study. BIBLE CLASS LEADERS. Professor T. L. Neff. Rev. M. A. Bullock. Frank Andrews. I. E. Munger. M. H. Lyon. • THE GYMNASIUM. H. F. Rail. W. M. Parsons. In providing a well equipped gymnasium, the Christian Associations have done much to aid the cause of physical culture in the University. It practically adds another and very important department to the University work. All this has been done and the work sustained by private tions and without the expenditure of a dollar by the state. The aim in the gymnastic exercises is to build up the whole physical man, to give the students sound, healthy bodies so that better work can be done. Special instruction in out-door sports is given by the physical direc- tor, and he also gives occasional talks on athletic topics, care of the health, bathing, injuries, etc. CLASSES. No. 1. Young Men—Monday, Wednesday and Friday. No. 2. Young Men—Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. No. 3. Young Men—Monday, Wednesday and Friday evenings. No. 4. Faculty Class—Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday. No. 5. Young Women—Monday, Tuesday and Thursday. CLASS LEADERS. Munger. Swanson. Ficke. Gunsolus. Ring. Fracker. Jennings. Keller. Rall. G. Shambaugh. Cannon. Neal. Walters. Ham. D. A. W. McMillan. C. H. Bailey. Weiss. Cochran. 138 Omen s sseciation. OFFICERS. NELLIE W. ANKENY, L. MAY GAYMON, FRANCES L. ROGERS, . MRS. THEODORE L. NEFF, BELLE N. HALL, . President. Vice President. • Recording Secretary. Corresponding Secretary. • Treasurer. I r 1HE Young Women ' s Christian Association has grown and developed through many fluctuations of fortune since its organization in the fall term of 1886. At one time the work was almost given up; but in 1888 the girls took up the work again, resolved to make it an ence of power and strength in the University. Miss Evangeline Rankin was chosen president at this time and a class for Bible study was formed. - This Bible study, which was at first carried on Sabbath afternoons, has been pursued ever since, but the hour for work has been changed to some hour of the week, being at present, Saturdays at 1:30. Regular Gospel meetings are held Sabbath afternoons. For the last two years we have met for these meetings in some of the churches of the city. Now, however, we are happy in our new rooms in Close Hall. We have for our possession a parlor on the first floor and a reception room on the second floor. We also sustain our share in the gymnasium and the bath rooms. The gymnasium privileges are greatly enjoyed by those who have been able to take tage of them. Our numbers have been very much increased this year, owing, in a great measure, to the enlarged advantages through our Association Building. We are truly grateful that such a building has been erected and we feel that to its advantages will be due much of the spiritual growth which is taking place in the University. For what is spiritual growth but the development of the very best and highest in us? 139 jIssaciatiott. HE University alumni are becoming a powerful element of sity strength. Their numbers increase yearly, they are becoming widely tered throughout the United States, they are assuming more ence as a body, and an increasing number of individual alumni are filling positions of honor and influence. By the constitution of the Alumni Association every graduate, of any department, is by virtue of graduation, a member of the Association. All are equally children of the University and all ought to remember with gratitude the benefits ' bestowed by her. All graduates are cordially invited to act with the Association. It will strengthen the bonds of friendship and sympathy that should exist between all alumni. Let graduates, as far as possible, attend Alumni Day of the Commencement Exercises. The present officers are: President, J. E. Cook. First Vice President, Mary Welch. Second Vice President, . J. H. McConologe. Third Vice President, Myrtle L. Kennedy. Secretary, 0. A. Byington. Treasurer, . L. G. Weld. Milton Remley. Executive Committee, . 0. W. Anthony. Annie Hinman. 140 Conversation Club. Organized February, 1891. J. C. MONNET, Grand Mogul. Members During Year 1890-91. L. Bayard Elliott. Lloyd L. Elliott. Mrs. Charles Dayton. J. C. Monnet. Grace 0. Partridge. Harry C. Reiner. Melvin L. Sears. Myra Troth. Margaret Williams. Bertha Wilson. Members During Year 1891-92. Nellie W. Ankeny. Bessie Bowman. L. Bayard Elliott. Lloyd L. Elliott. Dora Gilfillan. Bertha Wilson. John P. Kennedy. J. C. Monnet. Frances L. Rogers. Myra Troth. Margaret Williams. The Delsarte Club. MOTTO- " The highest good of the soul is conneetecr with, the highest good of the body. " FLOWER- The Marguerite. CoLou—White and Gold. Delsarte Club was organized October 7, 1891, by Mrs. Partridge. It meets every Wednesday evening. The object of the club is to come more familiar, by means of illustration and discussion, with the principles of dramatic expression formulated by Delsarte. MEMBERS. - Leader—Mrs. Pauline K. Partridge. Clara Agathe Slotterbec. S. Estelle Raskin. Luona Adele Wheeler. Jessie Corlett. Zulemia Kostomlatsky. Eva Miller. Frances L. Mills. Mary Rankin. Lillian Lorena Hedrick. 141 INSPECTION University Battalion, L N.. G. 1891-92. Commandant—MAJOR GEORGE W. READ, First Lieutenant Fifth Cavalry. Adjutant—W. H. WALKER. Sergeant _Major —C. W. H. SMITH. Color Sergeants — C. B. MOORE, F. W. NE AL. Quartermaster —FIRST LIEUTENANT S. ' VERY-EMI. Quartermaster Sergeant— A. E. CHAFFEE. Band Leader—SECOND LIEUTENANT F. W. THOMPSON. COMPANY A. Captain, W. T. First Lieutenant, M. I. Second Lieutenant, D. T. First Sergeant, N. B. Schofield. Sergeants. Corporals. E. C. Johnson. H. M. Troy. C. R. Fickes. A. E. Barrett. E. P. Hopkins. G. S. Noble. W. L. Converse. W. Sampson. COMPANY B. Captain, B. F. First Lieutenant, H. S. Second Lieutenant, P. L. First Sergeant, W. Larrabee. Sergeants. Corporals. F. Furbish. L. B. Robinson. J. G. Mueller. J. A. Craig. L. W. Bannister. A. A. Paisley. F. J. Langenhorst. D. Wilcox. COMPANY C. Captain, I. E. First Lieutenant, H. E. Second Lieutenant, A. F. First Sergeant, C. C. Stover. 143 Sergeants. Corporals. F. Brasted. H. S. Plum. P. A. McMillen. J. I. Cowperthwaite. George Beardsley. A. S. Hamilton. S. K. Stevenson. E. S. White. COMPANY D. Captain, Frank Russell. First Lieutenant, S. G. Cartwright. Second Lieutenant, W. A. Ferren. First Sergeant, C. C. Harvey. Sergeants. Corporals. W. Bailey. R. P. Lee. G. W. Gruwell. C. T. Dey. A. T. Sanford. R. E. Noble. P. D. Van Oosterhout. F. Woolston. BATTERY. Captain, George W. First Lieutenant, R. M. Second Lieutenant, F. First Sergeant, H. Sergeant, R. C. Butler. COMPETITIVE DRILL. June, Privates. Company A, won by J. A. Hull. Company C, won by E. P. Hopkins. Company B, won by C. W. H. Smith. Company D, won by W. H. Cochran. Battalion, won by J. A. Hull. Second, C. W. H. Smith. Battery, won by C. B. Smeltzer. Second, Wm. Larrabee, NON-COMMISSIONED OFFICERS. Battery, won by Harl Myers. Second, C. C. Harvey. 144 Banc ' . F. W. THOMPSON, Director and Manager. CHARLES DUTCHER, . . Drum Major. F. W. Smith, Picolo. Clarinets. J. H. Miller, Eb. J. Heath, Bb. F. Kennedy, Bb. D. R. Martin, Bb. C. Hull, Bb. Sauceman, Bb. Cornets. G. M. Reeves, Eh. H. C. Ring, Bb. F. W. Thompson, solo, Bb. H. B. Stearns, Bb. Fred Morrill, solo, Bb. C. E. Wood, Bb. Altos. F. Carroll, Solo. W. W. Kaye, 2nd. George Stemple, 1st. Bert Stover, 3rd. F. E. Swanson, 1st. M. Campbell, 4th. Trombones. A. B. Fair. F. W. Beckman. H. P. Felton. C. H. Holmquist. Baritone—M. D. Hess. Tuba. D. H. Dallas. C. W. McElderry. Drums. Walter Atwater, Snare Drum. F. H. Gunsolus, Bass Drum. Cymbals—D. A. W. McMillan. Extras. George Fracker. S. C. Williams. WHY CAN ' T WE HAVE A GLEE CLUE? IOWA COLLEGE HAS 145 The T. ' VV. ' V ' s. and Nile Green. OFFICERS. MARY C. Hour, President. GENEVA HORNE, Vice President. MAE LOMAS, . Secretary. REDELIA GILCHRIST, Treasurer. Wt. N. Q. T. Mary Alford, Jessamine Annabel Collins. Mary Alford. Katharine Barber. .Annabel Collins. Helen Copeland. ME3IBERS. Julia Crawford. Redelia Gilchrist. Mary C. Holt. Bertha Horak. Geneva Horne, Jessamine L. Jones. Mae Lomas. Sophia Moore. Frances L. Rogers. and Guitar SluB. FREDERICK W. SPAXTUTIUS, Director. Banjos. J. P. Minchen. Ed. L. Kahlke. Wright C. Sampson. Guitars. Burt German. William H. Cochran. George C. Ewing. Thad. D. Evans. Mandolin—Albert S. Wise. ap, psi azzartet. George F. Hawley, 1st Bass. F. B. Blair, 1st Tenor. L. M. Marks, 2nd Bass. J. H. Sindlinger, 2nd Tenor. 146 0 Tresilman Ocarina a,.zartette. BURT GERMAN, Leader. HENRY F. KALLENBERG. . Bass. WALTER G. MARTIN, Tenor. HENRY E. C. DITZEN, Alto. BURT GERMAN, Sopr ano. Oratorical Contest, ' 91. Won by Frank Nelson. Second . . J. J. Crossley. Zeclainatory (;ontest, ' 01. . Won by L. Ward Bannister. Second . . W. H. Cochran. Xonrock Prize, ' 01. Won by Minnie Howe. ______- ,0 a) P er, v t l, - - IrAVAIIIWAYIT 147 The Library. Its Past, Present and future. OOKING over a file of the University reports and catalogues of 1870, . we learn that the library, which, at that time, was open but one hour a day, shared with the Historical Society Library the northwest room on the second floor of the central building, was furnished with a few J wall cases railed off from the rest of the room and was heated by a stove. 1 Here the students revelled in the use, " without charge, " as carefully set forth in the catalogues of 2,000 volumes. Professor Currier was then also librarian, and it was through his influence that the library opening had been extended to an hour a day instead of but one a week. On the shelves such works as the standard histories of Hume, Gibbon, Macaulay, Lingard and Prescott in sets of from five to ten volumes; the British essayists. Knight and Dyce ' s Shakespeare, DeQuincey, Irving, and the writings of Jared Sparks constituted the most interesting part of the library. It is noticeable that in these sets there was a tendency to mortality in the first volumes while the later numbers are still sound and whole in their faded but unworn bindings. The catalogue was in book form and was little more than an alphabetical list of the works. There was no need of a Poole ' s dex to Periodicals, for there were only odd volumes of a few sets of zines in the whole collection. The entire amount of the library ation for this year was $468, and small as was this sum it was nearly double that of the preceding year. Passing over the intervening decade we see to-day this nucleus of 2,000 volumes swelled to nearly 30,000, the corner room replaced by the entire floor of the old chapel, and the hours extended from morning till evening. The library now includes a pleasant reading room comfortably seated with tablet chairs, with large tables for dictionary work, reference tables for the classes in history, literature, language, political science and philosophy, a commodious space railed off for the current periodicals, and a reference partment supplied with several hundred volumes. The bibliographical aids are a card catalogue, a classed catalogue on sheets, and Poole ' s Index to Periodicals. It is the aim of the management to render all possible aid to any one seeking for information. No pains are spared to make every one who enters 148 the library welcome to its privileges, to find promptly what is wanted or to set one quickly upon the right track in his researches, and every facility is provided in making the resources of the library available to all. If an important event occurs or question arises of general interest, ial effort is made to glean from books or current literature, references to the matter bearing upon the subject and these are posted in the form of tins. Thus it is sought to anticipate the demand for information. Not only from students and citizens, but from alumni and others over the state, questions come to the University library for elucidation, and its benefits are thus extended far and wide. Under our present methods of instruction the library has become more than ever the center of the various activities of the University. All partments come to it for consultation and investigation. An important ment in the new impetus observed in the use of the library is the seminary method and the topical method adopted by several chairs. Both systems send the student to the library for the examination of authorities and to make independent researches on subjects assigned, and upon which they are required to report to the seminary or class. In either method the standing of the student is affected by the thoroughness of his work, and the stimulus thus afforded goes much further than good counsel alone in inciting him to the reading of good literature and the study of many books. With an object to be attained before him, a change is at once seen from aimlessness or in difference to a keen interest in books. Every part of the library is visited, books never before opened are taken down and critically examined, dreds of volumes are consulted where one was formerly. In short, if the student of to-day leaves the University without at least a general acquaint- ance with its treasures, he sins against great opportunities. There is no longer any excuse for time as there may have been for his predecessors, one of whom once confessed to the librarian that he never had learned until near the day of his graduation the period of the French Revolution: he had ways thought that it was some time during the dark ages. " But now with our better methods the student who has improved his hours in the library acquires such a familiar acquaintance with books and authors and such skill in research, that he takes away with him at the end of his course lasting re- sources for his life ' s work and his hours of recreation. But what shall we predict for the library of the new century? What shall be its endowment, number of volumes, its catalogue, its material equipment? Will our successors behold a stately structure upon which shall have been lavished the artistic skill forbidden in our earlier buildings? Shall seminary and art rooms be gathered under its roof? Will the modest collection of ' 92 be lost among the many thousands which will have taken their places beside them? Shall we have a printed catalogue or one of the newly invented systems which promise to do away with that necessary evil, the card catalogue? Will the inventive genius of man have discovered a method of instantaneous registration of books, and a cataloguing machine? Certainly the electric light so long denied the library will light up the e-,t recesses and give us as many hours as the. most greedy of bookworms could desire. We hope there will be fine paintings and statuary presented 149 by grateful alumni in memory of the happy hours in which they lingered lovingly over the books or found among the shadows delightful trysting places. Years ago President Thatcher hopefully pictured the coming day when the University library should open its doors to all seekers for knowledge without limitations to classes or communities. This day seems fast ing. Then will the saying of Carlyle be more than ever understood, " The library is the true University. " ADA NORTH. Twenty page paper, published every Saturday during the Collegiate year. EDITORS. BEN. F. SHAMBATJGH ' 92. W. T. CHANTLAND ' 92. BERTHA M. WILSON ' 92. H. E. KELLY ' 92. F. A. STOWE ' 92. F. W. MEYERS ' 92. JOHN HORNBY ' 94. W. H. COCHRAN ' 93. FRED BRASTED ' 93. WILL BAILEY ' 93. A. T. SANFORD ' 93. L. B. ELLIOTT ' 93. FRANCES L. ROGERS ' 93. W. T. CHANTLAND, Business Manager. 150 0 • Official paper of the students of the University. Issued tri-weekly, every Tuesday, Thursday and Saturday during Collegiate year. EDITOR-IN-CHIEF. George Beardsley. MANAGING EDITORS. Frank Nelson, Jessamine Jones, Howard M. North. ASSOCIATE EDITORS. Rush C. Butler, Charles D. Reimers, P. D. Van Oosterhout, Julia M. BUSINESS MANAGER. Harl ASSISTANT BUSINESS MANAGER. Jo Ralph Jaques. It is the purpose of the Bulletin, to show somewhat the work done in the laboratories and museums of Natural Science in the State University of Iowa, and to publish such contributions to the knowledge of the natural history of the state as occasion and opportunity may afford. It is far from the purpose of the present editors to attempt a biological survey of the state. They can hope no more than to bring before those interested some idea of our natural history, and of the manner in which it may be studied: hoping in this way to stimulate an interest in such things sufficient to lead to greater results in the future. The editorship for the present is as follows: For all subjects relating to Biology, Geology and Paleontology, Professor Samuel Calvin: Botany, Professor Thomas II. McBride; Systematic Zoology and Museum, Professor Charles C. Nutting; Conchology, Professor Bohumil Shimek; Entomology, Mr. Henry F. Wickham. 151 The Transit is published semi-annually by the University and is the. olicial organ of the Engineering Society. It is entirely the work of under- graduates in the Engineering Department and shows the special work done by these students. Editors for September, 1891. MANAGING EDITORS. Emil A. Wallberg. Arthur J. Cox. ASSOCIATE EDITORS. Milton I. Powers, Jr. Sam VerVeer. Present Editors. MANAGING EDITORS. R. M. Cannon. Sam ASSOCIATE EDITORS. F. G. Ray. Fred Furbish. Issued annually by the members of the Junior Class. Is published by the State University of Iowa for the purpose of ing the instruction given in the Law Department. It is edited by the Faculty, and contains hypothetical cases, notes of lectures, synopses, ences for reading, and other matter useful to students. The numbers will not appear at stated intervals, but they will be issued from time to time as the interests of the Law Department may demand. During the university year there will be from four to six numbers, aggre- gating not fewer than one hundred pages. 152 0 4 lf: ' -, , -77°77 " g , zd kee)jalii i . " ; ..., AIM ' . t _ LItiell ifrtver 5t121etio Fissociation. OFFICERS. W. R. BURNHAM, President. D. T. SOLLENBARGER, . Vice President and Treasurer. WILLIAM LARRABEE, JR., Secretary. FIELD DAY, 1891. ' 93, 391 sec. G. W. Korte, 307 ft. -1 L. H. Fuller, 5+ sec. J. J. Crossley, 5 min. 40 sec. . W. T. Chantland, 32 ft. 9 in. F A. Hastings, 54f ' w in. W. H. Park, 30 ft. 94 in. J H. Stotts, 84 ft. W. A. Ferren, 12 ft. Undecided. C B. Smeltzer, 112 ft. 84 in. W. A. Ferren, 34 ft. 2+ in. L. H. Fuller, no time. J. J. Crossley, 8 min. 58+ sec. L. H. Fuller, 274 sec. S F. W. Neal, 61 sec. C. B. Smeltzer. A. P. Heald, 614 in. W. T. Chantland, 36 ft. 7+ in. W. R. Burnham, 8 ft. 64 in. W. H. Park, 2 min. 30+ sec. ' 93. E. A. Woodbury. A. T. Sanford. H. Myers. BOXING. Heavy Weight W. II. Park. Middle Weight W. R. Burnham. Light Weight H. Lawson. TENNIS. Singles J T. Bailey. Doubles J. T. Bailey. R. C. Morse. Class Relay Race Base Ball Throw Fifty Yard Dash Mile Run Putting Shot Standing High Jump Standing Hop Step and Jump Throwing 16 lb. Hammer Standing Broad Jump Running Broad Jump Throwing 12 lb. Hammer Three Jumps 100 Yard Dash One Mile Walk 220 Yard Dash Three Legged Race Running High Jump Running Hop Step and Jump Pole Vault Half Mile Run Tug of War Standing Hitch Kick Wrestling Chicken Fight. 154 STATE HELD DAY IowA CITY, JUNE 5, 1891. Base ball throw Zmunt I. A. C 344 ft. 4 in. Fifty yard dash Ward.. I. C. 5 sec. Putting 161b shot Boardman Cornell 35 ft. 7 in. Hundred yard dash Fuller S. U. I 10,1 sec. Pole vault.. Burnham S. U. I 9 ft. Running broad jump Slattery S. U. I 90 ft. 111 in. Two twenty yard dash Boardman. Cornell 94; sec. Throwing 161b hammer .Not decided. Standing broad jump Ferren S. U. I 12 ft. n in. With weights. Standing broad jump Bachelor Cornell 9 ft. 7; in. Without weights. Two mile bicycle race Montgomer y I. C 7 min. 16;`; sec. Hurdle race Slattery S. U. I 19, sec. Four forty yard run Ward I. C 53 sec. Half mile run Williston I. C. 9 min. 18 see. Hitch and kick Dawson I. C 7 ft. 11 in. Middle weight boxing Park.. S U. I. Light weight boxing.. Cobb.. Cornell. IVIARSIIALLTOWN, JUNE 13, 1891. Running high jump Grattan I. A. C 5 ft. T-i in. Mile walk Osgood I C.. 7 min. 24 sec. . Running hop step and Cornell 41 ft. 8 in. Mile run... Williston I. C 5 min. 31 sec. All around contest Boardman Cornell. 155 Foot Ball. W. T. CHANTLAED, F. G. PIERCE, . Kallenberg, r. e. Sanford, r. t. Hall, r. g. Stiles, c. r. Woolston, 1. g, Larrabee, f. b. Manager. Captain, Elliot. 1. t. Bailey, 1. e. Pierce. q. b. Ferren, 1. h. b. German, r. h. b. SUBSTITUTES. Fenner. -Wright. Dutcher. Fickes. Harlan. Holman. FOOT BALL TEAM ' S RECORD. Eleuens Played at Date 5. U. I. vs. Cornell Iowa City October 24 S. U. I. vs. U. of M Iowa City November 2 S. U. I. vs. I. C Grinnell November 7 S. U. I. vs. U. of N Omaha ........November 25. S. U. I. vs. U. of K Kansas City. December 5 TOTALS.— S. U. I. 112; Opponents 68. Won by Score- S. U. I 64-0. U. of M 49-4. I C 6-4. S. U. I. 22-0. S U. I 18-1-L 156 S. U. I. FOOT BALL TEAM. DUTCHER. SANFORD. BAILEY. STILES. HALL. HOLMAN. ELLIOTT. IVOOLSTON. LARRA PEE. PENNER. HARLAN. WEB ' : I IT. KA LLENBERG. C HANTLAND. PIERCE. FERREN. ' GERMAN. • ■■� Base Ball. W. H. BREMNER, C. B. SMELTZER, . Smeltzer, c. Lindsay. p. Chantlan d, 1 b. Marks, 2 b. Converse, 3 b. Sanford. 1. f. . Manager. Captain. Larrabee, s. s. Cook. 3 b. :Burnham, 1. f. Parks, c. f. Mills, r. f. RECORD. Clubs Played at Date S. U. I. vs. Cornell Mt. ' Vernon. .May 9 S. U. I. vs. I. C Grinnell .. May 23 S. U. I. vs. I. C Iowa City May 30 TOTALS.— S. U. I. 27, Opponents 10 Won by Score S. U. 1 15-2 S U. I 7-4. S. U. I 5-4. 157 Club. F. G. PIERCE, . President. G. E. SHAMBAUGH, Captain. ALBERT WISE, Secretary. 0. W. ANTHONY, T reasoner. 158 S. U. I. BASE BALL TEAM. COOK. PARK. BREMNER. MILLS. BURNHAM. CONVERSE. SANFORD. C I IA NTLAND. SMELTZER. LINDSAY. LARRABEE: MARKS. LiterBry Department. 159 Differences. A white star in high heaven Looked down upon the earth. A dust heap sighed and wondered What gave the star its worth. tr. A wind came out of heaven To riot at its will. The dust is gone forever, The star remaineth still. Nathaniel Weight Stephenscn. 160 Ufbat BryiteQed tin Day for The. ' HE cares of this world had been unusually heavy that clay. The break- fast had been bad to begin with; my dressmaker had failed to catch my idea, and my dress had come home all wrong. Social obligations pressed heavily; there were dinners and teas that ought to be given, and I hadn ' t energy enough to do it, and there was a long list of unre- turned calls. Ah! dear Junior girls, you think you have trials—an overdue, a debate to be prepared at half a day ' s warning, or a bad recitation following the party over night; but just wait—some time you ' ll know all about it. Well, I went to drive—that pleasant drive out by Coralville, and home by the Riverside boat house and Terrell ' s mill—but I took my woes with me, and I wondered as I went whether, after all, we have the best of it—we women of the ninteenth century. I thought of the lives of the old Greek women. Surely, it wasn ' t possible that much could go amiss with the chiton and the hiination. And when courses were fewer, the cook ' s temper was better. Then their topics for discussion couldn ' t have been such stones of temper as ours; what with the tariff, prohibition, the decline of faith, the Irish question, Sunday observance, and all the rest, one has to be so very careful in placing one ' s-guests, for they will sometimes wander out of the safe regions of small talk into those of real interest. Then I came in fancy down to Elizabeth and Shakespeare ' s time. A rush strewn floor must have been unspeakably disagreeable, but it was far easier to sweep up and burn rushes than to dust and darn carpets, and I ' d rather roast an ox whole and be done with it than fuss with croquettes and patties. To be sure, in the matter of escaping the tyranny of gowns, Elizabeth didn ' t have so much advantage over us; the dressmaker flourished then, and, by the way, think what a time Elizabeth ' s dressmaker must have had! But the horses were fresh, the carriage easy, and the day was the poet ' s " rare June day. " Life began to look brighter, and the other side demanded a hearing. The ments of antiquity didn ' t require much fitting, it is true, but if not properly adjusted, they must have looked--to put it mildly and, doubtless. the " hang " of her chiton was of quite as much moment to the Greek as that of her skirt to the modern belle. And a proper adjustment couldn ' t have gone for much without a form and carriage to show it off, and though we know the perfection of physical culture among the Greeks, still their women had no Delsarte nor Edmund Russell. The balance began to incline towards the nineteenth century woman. Coming down to Elizabeth, I comforted myself by thinking of what she had 161 to do without. Why, to take a matter most trivial to us—she never knew the satisfaction of dipping into unlimited papers of pins. When it was by law enacted " that no person shall put to sale any pinnes but only such as shall be double-headed, and have the heads soldered fast to the shank of the pinnes, well smoothed, the shank well shapen, the points well and round tiled, canted and sharpened, " it will be seen easily that a pin was an object not to be lightly approached. Summing it all up, I decided that of the women of all the centuries, we are the best off materially. My burden, like Christian ' s, slipped from my back, but, unlike his, was followed by another. Granted the material tering, how are we off spiritually? What is the " increasing purpose " of our age? For men and women both, is it a purpose of increasing patriotism, and of public and private virtue, and of increasing love for the sweet tidies of life? But I did not wait for an answer to these questions, for, somehow, the question of love presented itself, and drove the others away. I wondered if love is the same now as before. Is it the all of life as when the world was young, " To sport with Amaryllis in the shade Or with the tangles of Neera ' s pair? " Does the motto, " All for love and the world well lost, " still seem good to shape one ' s life by? Are all high and noble thing so bound up with this supremest thing of all, that Lovelace would still sing " I could not ._ove thee, Dear, so much Loved I not Honour more? " And then the ballad of " Fair Helen " came into my mind--that wringing epitome of devotion unto death, and " the wild justice of revenge, " and I asked myself if our girls have learned so much of Greek and Latin, of higher mathematics, and psychology, and chemistry that, according to the wailers over the new order of things, they have forgotten how to love and be womanly. Could the fair Helen of to-day fling herself upon her lover ' s breast and take the shot meant for him, and could he take time from politics, and money-getting, and literature to feel and put into action this grimness? " I lighted down my sword to draw, I hacked him in pieces sma ' , I hacked him in pieces sma ' , For her sake that died for me. " The melancholy that had marked me for her own in the morning was not wholly exorcised. I feared, I feared that love is not what it was when the world was younger. But just then the carriage came in sight of that stretch of.the river above the mill. A boat was coming down, and in it were a youth and a maid. He did not wear a tunic, nor doublet and hose; nor she a chiton nor a farthingale; his nose was riot Roman, nor hers Grecian; truth compels me to say that hers was ever so slightly tiptilted. He wore a blazer and a tennis cap; on her head was a Tam- ' o-Shanter. But the boat was idly drifting; they were looking into each others ' eyes, and finding the whole world mirrored there. It was Hero and Leander, it was Romeo and Juliet. it was fair Helen and her lover, it was Lovelace and his Lucasta. So I came home comforted. CELIA A. M. CURRIER. 162 P sateNa Sainita e OrNentillas :liquor= ileum. " The mills of the gods grind slowly, But they grind exceeding small. " DRAMATIS BRIAREUS—A god of great ability who pre- sides over the seances of the immortals. NESTOR—A human being long since made immortal on account of his wisdom. PERK EUS—A sweet singer who has also god- like wisdom. JAMEPETER—The Spirit of Work. CASTOR 1 gcds who, by uniting their POLLUX f forces, have infinite sway over the beasts of the field and the flowers of the meadow. (SIEVE—The Capitolium, a magnificent building of Doric architecture, in which are held the councils of the gods.) (Nestor, Judex; Father George Time in, the background.) Enter BRIAREUS. Briareus.— Hail, gentle Nestor! My kindest wishes to thee! Nestor.— To thee the same, Briareus.—Thou hast been winging A rapid passage through the leaden air; for on thy brow Great beads of dampness glister. Briareus.— Yea, Nestor, and for every Great bead of dampness I do feel A heat within me.—But what is all That mighty burden which thou bearest? Nestor.— These are communications from the satellites Of this our great monopoly of gods. It seems That they, content not with our general scheme For bettering their condition, do insist That for their sakes we lay aside our ancient custom And let them use their own discretion In culling from the fields of wisdom What flowers they list. In honeyed words and most respectful phrases Are all these parchments writ. 163 PERSON)E. ANDERLIN—A magician and necromancer. Jun Ex—A sportive sprite who is present at the colloquies, but who takes no part in them. FATHER GEORGE TIME—One of Briareus ' s hands. Jkantuts—The Prince of the Powers of the Night. fader (Aside)—Their faces ' 11 be parchment when they get ' em back, Poor devils! Briareus.— Ah! They ' re like children crying for the moon!— But, Mr. Time, hast tolled the hour? Father Time.— Yes, sor. Enter ANDERLIN, with three-headed dog; CASTOR and POLLUX hand in hand; and PERKHEUS with his lyre.) Perkheus.— ' Tis beastly weather. Nestor.— Ah, here they are, Briareus. Anderlin.— Yiss, here we are. Briareus.— ' Tis well: for to be late is to be criminal. But yet not all are here. Apollo, where is he? Castor.— I wist not. Pollux.— Nor I. fader (Aside)— Troth, I k That in this moist and murky atmosphere His hair comes out of fix: and hence he dare not Adventure in so horrid element. Nestor.— 0, sweet Briareus, I offer as a mild suggestion That we do not consume these precious moments In asking where our wandering fellows be, For ' tis but little time till great Jebarrus Will claim dominion. Briareus.— Thou speakest true, As ever:—but who comes here? Enter JAMEPETER. Pollux.— It is Jamepeter, the son of Sisyphus, But not, like him, doomed to e ' erlasting toil in vain, For lo, though roseate hues of youth attinge his brow, Yet he bath ' complished marvels. - (At this complimentary speech of POLLUX, ANDERLIN, On entreaty of JAMEPETER, employs magic with some degree of success in changing the roseate hues from his brow to his cheeks.) Castor.--(continuing the thread of discourse.) • And in the Plebeian land Men call him Pontifex: But ' mongst his satellites his name is Fiend. Jamepeter.—(starting up as if to throttle Castor.) Aha: That likes me not! ' Tis false! White-livered minion, false! Castor.— ' Tis true, as I ' m a god. — [skinned, Why, look at thy disciples! They are pale and clammy- ' Tis not my liver, but their blood, that ' s For thou hast worked them to the utmost limit, And couldst not make them do more, were they gods Like to ourselves. (Iamepeter glowers.) 164 Anderlin.—(shaking his fist under Castor ' s nose.) You can ' t say much on that score, Castor, For two of your adherents are down with fevers. Pollux.—(choking with rage.) Well, three of your men died last week, Anderlin. Castor.— Where buriest thou thy dead, Anderlin? Anderlin.—(angered beyond control.) I ' ll not stay longer with a pack of fools! (Addressing dog, with a sad, sad smile), Come, sweet companion of my happier hours, come! We two will track the desert wilds together. Come, gentle canine, meek-eyed friend, Come, sole sweet solace, come! (Dog, frightened by the uproar, refuses to budge from his corner.) Come on, I say! You good-for-nothing Awkward whelp, come on! (Throwing missile.) Follow, you crouching imbecile! Exit in high dudgeon, followed by dog. Nestor.— Ah, noble Perkheus! Thou alone hast kept Thy temper ' midst this dreadful fray. Perkheus.— ' Tis meet that it should be so; for I have A matter here which may arouse the spleen of all the gods, It is so hateful. Briareus.— Quick, Perkheus, tell us of it! Perkheus.—(in thrilling tones.) - Briareus, and the rest, I ask What punishment is meet for one Who has not e ' en a marginal idea Of the great tomes which he should ponder? Nestor.— Hast such a satellite? Perkheus.— I have. Nestor.— He should be sent to lowest Erebus. Pollux.— Nay, I ' ve a better use for him than that, And more effectual punishment. Let him be cut In twice ten thousand slices, crosswise of the flesh; That will be punishment ludex.—(aside.) By Zeus, I think so. Pollux.— And also give to me material Which I ' ve been wanting for a dozen years; ' Twill furnish twenty slices for each of my disciples, And give besides Jebarrus.—(entering suddenly.) Git a-out of this, gentlemen! You ' ll have to git a-out. Briareus.— 0, I protest- Jebarrus.— It ' s sivin o ' clock and my time now. (Waving in triumph the key to the lower world.) OW word more is spoken. _Nestor shoulders his heavy burden of parchment and with the rest passes through the open door. As they grow smaller Jebarrus increases in size, until, by the time Briareus and his companions have reached the outmost portal of the Capitolium, Jebarrus appears as a god, while they seem but ordinary men.) E. HARCOTT COKE. 165 p Remipisev?e. PRIZE STORY. OHN MORGAN was for a long time an enigma to me. A man of fine physique, tall, straight, broad shouldered, head erect and well poised, he seemed the very incarnation of strength and bravery. His keen grey eyes arched over by heavy dark brows, his long straight nose and his sensitive curling mouth, gave his face at times a. look of sternness almost hardness, and again a look of boyish defiance. I studied his varying expressions constantly. I could scarcely judge him to be more than twenty-six or seven, yet at times his face bore the fined stamp of years of suffering heroically endured. The wealth of white hair which surmounted his high arched forehead strengthened me in my-opinion that his had been a strange history. Morgan and I were night editors of a thriving western daily. One night we were almost through with our work and were waiting for the latest reports of a recent disaster before we closed up the paper. It was a dismal night, damp, foggy, and inky black except for the lurid flashes of lightning. The rumbling of the distant thunder mingled curiously with the roar and whirr of the machinery. Fitful gusts of wind coming in through the open window sent the papers whirling here and there, and finally a more violent blast slammed the door with tremendous force. It was the kind of a night in which I preferred company to being alone. The electricity in the air affected the electric light. Suddenly it went out, leaving us in the murky darkness, then it flared up fitfully, only to pale again. We drew up our chairs, lighted our cigars, and prepared to be as fortable as possible. Conversation drifted from one subject to another until finally I said: " Though I have never believed in supernatural beings, I am inclined to think that such a night was made especially for them. " My companion laughed uneasily, settled back in his chair, shook the ashes from his cigar and was silent for a moment, during which the silence, broken only by the rumbling of the machinery, became almost painful. Finally he said: " You are human and hence I suppose curious, and probably you have wondered how it happened, that though I am comparatively a young man, my hair is white. " I was about to speak, but he continued: " It is a story I do not often tell, for it recalls the most painful experiences, but something in this night brought it so forcibly before my mind that I feel 166 impelled to relate it. Before I begin I want you to fully understand that I attach no blame whatsoever to any one but myself. I was the cause of it all. I brought it all upon myself by my continued boasting. " From my boyhood up I had be en reckless, fearing neither God nor man. Entering a University at seventeen I soon became notorious for my dare-devil spirit. I accepted an invitation to join a fraternity, and the boys said that for once they would rub it into me. I returned. ' I hope you will. I would like to be thoroughly frightened just to know how it seems. ' And I gave them my unreserved permission to lay any trap for me provided it gered neither life nor limb. " The appointed night came and was much like this one, damp, foggy and windy, and all the air seemed charged with electricity. I had not been feeling well for several days and as we started out into the darkness I had an uneasy feeling which made me laugh at myself. I told the boys that Nature was in league with them, for the very air seemed ' spooky. ' " After the usual preliminaries at the Chapter House, which, you being a " ' rater, will understand, I was blindfolded and taken out doors. We walked for some distance, then I was led up a flight of steps and a building and then down stairs and through several rooms. The air was close and oppres- sive and pervaded with a peculiar nauseating odor. There was a whispered consultation, of which I caught only fragments, among them ' By Jove, it is open. ' Then a quick and hot dispute and I was pushed quickly through two doors. I felt a sudden chill and pulled the bandage from my eyes. All was silence and darkness. .The doors at first had not been closed, but with a strong gust of wind there was a clash of the inner one, a snap of a spring lock, followed by a violent shaking of the door from without as ineffectual attempts were made to open it. This was succeeded by the sound of steps rapidly retreating in the distance, and then by profound silence. " An icy tremor ran over me, next it seemed to me that I was burning up, then I shivered from the intense cold. I tried to push open the door, but it resisted all my efforts. I was unable to make out my surroundings, for not a ray of light penetrated into the place. If I only knew where I was! I forgot that the boys had promised to do nothing which would injure me. I dared not step forward for fear of some pit fall. I put out my hand: it touched something icy cold! Boundless horror and fright took possession of me! It was—a human band! I screamed, but the very air was too lifeless to take up the sound. It seemed ages since I had been shut in there. I dared not stir and yet I must; I seemed frozen to the spot. With one supreme effort I made a leap. Something held me back. I stumbled. I put out my hand to save myself and touched—an icy foot! That was the last I knew. rest of the story was told me. " The boys had thought that for a joke they would put me in the ' cooler ' of the medical building, that they would stand in the door and see what I would do. A gust of wind had closed the door, and during those moments, which were ages to me, the boys had gone after the janitor. When they turned they found me on the floor in a dead faint. I remained unconscious for days in a raging fever, and my life was despaired of. My continual cry was ' help. ' When, after many weary weeks, I was able to sit up, I called for a glass and I saw my hair as you see it now. " - Here Morgan paused as though the memories of that time. 1(37 Then his boyish expression returned as he said: " I have always liked to think that I wouldn ' t have been frightened if I had been feeling well at the time and that run of fever hadn ' t been upon me. However, in any case I do not care to have that experience repeated. " The storm had passed around. The moon shone brightly through the open window of an adjoining room. The lights burned with their usual brilliancy. Our cigars had long been out and our dispatches had arrived. We rose, shook ourselves and resumed our work--I satisfied that at least I had the key to my enigma. LAURA CLARKE. 168 HONHIOS VUILLYN ifl Spensertiart. PRIZE POEM. Slight study of the art of poetry And music ' s soul-refining language sweet Makes me no master of word ' s melody, The speech of earth ' s great ones. The rythmic beat And liquid movement of well measured feet Will not clothe golden thought for me, Or stay in form of beauty flitting fleet. Deep toil and stronger love may give the key Divine, wherewith the soul ' s best may revealed be. GEO. C. COOK 169 TIN Faittjal Companion. " —my constant troublesome companion— " --From a Letter. From the German of Anastasius I had a comrade true and tried, Where I was, he was at my side: Remained I home, he, too, would stay, Nor kept his room when I went away. From the same glass drank we, he and I, In the same bed slept we, he and I, Clothes of the selfsame cut wore we, And e ' en to sweetheart ' s he went with me. The wish possessed me recently To wander o ' er the mountain s free, When spike to me my comrade true: " Friend, by your leave, I ' ll go with you! " In silence passed we out of the gate, The trees strive upward with hearts elate, A greeting warm is borne on the breeze, But my comrade ' s vexed and ill at ease. The lark ' s song rises joyous and clear, Against each quaver he stops his ear: The roses fragrance sweet exhale, But he turns dizzy and deathly pale. When now we began the long ascent, His breath gave out, he was all forspent; While I pressed on with eager eye, He fell behind with groan and sigh. Rejoicing, alone on the summit I stood In the golden sunshine and felt it good; All round me meadows and flowers fair, The songs of larks and the mountain air. But when I returned to the valley ' s gloom, On a ghastly corpse I chanced full soon: Ah, woe is me! In death lies low The faithfulest comrade that man could know! 170 In the woods I dug him a deep, deep grave, And to its keeping the body gave; A slab I set above his head. And thus the epitaph thereon read: " Companion faithful, such his fame, Sir Hypochondriac his name: He died of the bracing air of the hills, The scent of roses, the lark ' s clear trills. " I wish him well, now as of yore, And peace and rest forevermore: But heaven forfend that my eyes again Shall see him, or that he rise again! " —Guido H. Stempel. Oskaloosa, Iowa, January 7, 1892. 171 The Tribulatior?s of Mr. StaN. THIS SKETCH RECEIVED HONORABLE MENTION. ,?} ' the record in the big family Bible is correct, my name is William. John Stagg. I was born, according to the same authority, in the year of our Lord 1872, from which fact the indulgent reader will readily discover that I am at present in my twentieth year. From my earliest infancy I was remarkable for the deep-seated piety of my nature, as the following incident will illustrate. One day my brother and myself were engaged in the interesting occupation of making Mud-pies. The operation is conducted something after this fashion. You take a wash basin, in which you deposit a certain amount of dirt, pour over it an uncertain amount of water, and mix. When you have mixed sufficiently, season to taste, and bake in the sun. It happened that our bakery was situated in the front yard, while the base of supplies was in the rear. What then was more natural than that I should fill a wash basin with dirt and water in the back yard and start through the house with it to the bakery in front? Unfortunately, as I was passing through the " sitting room " I stumbled and fell down, spilling the " batter " all over my mother ' s new rag carpet. I was considerably chagrined over the loss, but I soon decided that it was of no use to cry over spilt milk, so I returned for another supply, which I carried around the house. I had quite forgotten the unhappy occurrence, when I was startled by the sound of the maternal voice, emphatically requesting my presence in the house. I entered the " sitting room " in fear and trembling, and beheld my mother standing there waiting to receive me. " Look there, will you? Who made that dirt? " she exclaimed shrilly. I was immediately filled with confusion, which was not in the least diminished by the sight of the switch in my mother ' s hand. In the excitement of the moment I imagined that she was only putting me through the catechism, so I assumed my best Sunday school expression and answered meekly, " God. " My mother was so delighted with this tation of youthful piety, that besides sparing me my punishment, she determined to repeat the experiment upon my brother whom I had observed looking through the window in happy anticipation of seeing me whipped. She thereupon called him in and propounded to him the same question she had asked me. But the young reprobate, thinking that his testimony was all that was needed to complete the case against me, triumphantly answered, " Bill. " My mother was so disgusted with his worldliness that she immediately proceeded to chastise him to my very great satisfaction. 172 From this time forward my fortune seemed to change. My natural goodness appeared to bring me far more of trouble than it did of benefit. It earned for me the hatred of all the other boys of my own age, and even the smaller ones affected to despise me. It was very depressing to hear a boy several years my junior boasting that he could " lick " me with one hand tied behind him, but as I had conscientious scruples against ing, I bore it all in silence. It was about this time that I fell into the pernicious habit of asking myself, upon the occasion of any enterprise, " Is this thing right or is it wrong? " As a consequence of this imprudent practice, my conscience became so well developed and active as to render my life a burden. I was continually harrassed by remorse for trivial offenses I had committed, and to this day I cannot even kick a stray dog out of my way without experiencing afterward the liveliest sensations of regret. The reader is now is a position to understand that when, a few years ago, I entered this flourishing University, I was completely under the thralldom of that arch-tyrant, Conscience—a slavery appalling enough in the best of circumstances, but doubly so when the unhappy victim is a college student. I soon settled down to work, as many another student had done before. My earliest insight into the practical side of college life was obtained during the oral examinations which occurred daily—quizzes, as I afterwards learned to call them. At that time I abhorred hypocrisy above all other things, although I greatly admire it now. Consequently, whenever the good professor would ask me a question upon which 1 was not perfectly Prepared, I would reply that I could not answer it. The same question would then be put to some one else, who, knowing no more about it than myself, would, by making a series of very ambiguous statements—stabbing is the technical term—would, I say, succeed in making a fairly passable recitation. As a result of all this the professors soon came to regard me as being very stupid and considerately avoided asking me all questions except the most difficult. I soon noticed another phase of the craftiness of certain students which seemed to me to be unusually reprehensible. These youthful seekers after knowledge, waiting until the class had been dismissed, would approach the professor with a request that he should explain some particularly difficult part of the lesson. Then the professor would smile approvingly and proceed to enlighten them, at the same time taking a mental note of their zeal. I never could bring myself to follow the example of my brilliant friends, and I found that this fact operated very strongly against me. Excuses for absences formed a source of the greatest mental anguish. I had a friend, a truly remarkable youth, who " skipped " recitations whenever he pleased, and told the professor that he had been sick. This young gentleman was sick, I think, about five times each week, and yet I never observed that his ill-health resulted in any unpleasant consequences. But I—well, the first time I was " sent up " was for a list of unexcused absences. My first examination was a dismal failure because I declined to accept a friend ' s advice and cover my cuffs with hieroglyphics. I very nearly lost a term ' s work because I foolishly endeavored to do my own translating in preference to " riding a pony, " as it is expressed in the vernacular. At last I determined to throw conscience to the winds—if she would go—and to do as I observed others doing. I began with stabbing, but was. 173 not remarkably successful. I soon came to know that when the professor screwed clown the corners of his mouth and made a vicious dab at the register with his pen, my experiment in stabbing had not been all that I might have wished it. I really hadn ' t the nerve after that to endeavor to work the professor, or to give any spurious excuses for absence. My attempts at the use of " ponies " were generally betrayed by my own ness; and, in short, I found myself much worse off than before. I am confident that all of my misfortunes are due to my over-sensitive conscience, and it is at present the chief aim of my life to rid myself of this incumbrance. To this end, I daily practice all manner of deceit—not from any love of it — ah, no! it causes me the deepest anguish; but the goal toward which I press is worthy of suffering. I am fast perfecting myself in the art of hypocrisy. My rapid ment in this line I attribute to the careful study which I have bestowed upon the character of that masterpiece of Dicken ' s creative genius, Mr. Pecksniff. I am slowly becoming an accomplished prevaricator, and I even begin to find a certain undefined pleasure in telling that which is not —a pleasure which is increased by its novelty and its vagueness. Reader, the day is not far distant when I shall be able to breathe in Peace. Slowly, but surely, my conscience is losing its sway over me; less and less does the memory of my past misdeeds trouble me; and greater and greater becomes the ease with which I am able.to commit new ones. I am able to look forward into a glorious future, when my actions will be wholly untrammeled by any mischievous inner self, and my past sins will lie buried in the oblivion of utter forgetfulness. W. J. STAG. 174 1 ' Friendship. From the German of Bodenstedt, for _31. S. If anybody of thy friend speak ill, Though he seem honest, disbelieve him still. Though all the world its tongue to slander lend, Mistrust the world and cleave unto thy friend! Who bears unto his friends such steadfast love Alone deserves friends, sent from heaven above. A friend ' s heart is a treasure of such rare grace, Once lost, the world can nowise it replace. Much wondrous virtue this rare jewel hath, works no wonders save with firmest faith. Each breath of doubt makes dim its lustre bright. And once ' tis brok ' n, naught can the parts unite. If then such gem to thee in trust is given, Oh, dim thou not its lustre, and pray heaven It may not break! And all the world, oh, let It be the ring wherein this gem is set! The gem to ring its precious splendor lends, Lose but the gem and all the splendor ends. If in all else thou wert as beggar poor And keptst a friend ' s heart, great thy wealth and sure; But he that stateliest throne did e ' re ascend. A poor man was if that he had no friend. GUIDO H. STEMPEL. 0.;k4loosa, Iowa, January 10, 1892. 175 Sonnet On the evening of October loth, 1891. Twilight at last! The long day ' s toil is o ' er. Urged by the pent-up spirits of a boy, I throw my books aside in eager joy And race along the road hard by the door. But looking up, soul-thrilled, I do adore The utter beauty of the glowing sky. Glimmering thro ' autumn leaves the soft clouds lie Silvered beneath the moon, whose pure beams pour Their beauty thro ' the rifts and meet below The upward-streaming rays of sunset glow, As when the first kiss brings the rosy light Over a maid ' s fair face in leafy bower, These colors fill thy sky, oh, lovely hour, Thou perfect daughter of the day and night. GEO. C. Cook. 176 j-leler? ' s Way. T was a happy coincidence that led those four girls to choose rooms in the same block. The most careful and cautious student of human nature couldn ' t have selected four girls who " fit " together so vna fectly, if he had had all the girls in the University to choose from, and all vacation to do it in. There were Ella and Blanche who had been friends ever since the Freshman banquet, when Blanche gave Ella a hair-pin to relieve her anxiety on account of a stray and very willful tress of hair; they had both been interested in Helen when she entered and were delighted to find her their neighbor. Then Dora, who was doing special work in Botany, drifted among them. They studied hard and enjoyed each other ' s society that whole year without the least bit of friction, and spring found them still faithful. When the first balmy spring weather came, the girls worked with a determined air as though to frighten away the spring-fever of which so many students were complaining, but they succumbed toward the close of the sixth day. Each excused the feeling to herself to her own evident satisfaction, and they all gravitated to Helen ' s room, " just to chat awhile before study hours " . The sunset colors had not yet faded from the sky, and the evening star twinkled faintly in the warm glow in the west. Helen had gone out to mail a letter, but the girls did not hesitate to appropriate her room to their use, and as the three friends sat in the soft twilight listening to the rustle of the maple leaves that almost brushed the window casement, it was not surprising that their talk grew dential, almost sentimental; they talked of their ambitions and hopes, and were becoming really in earnest when Ella said, " Well, the rest of you may strive after that slippery article, fame, if you see fit, but I and my cats will be happy without it. We ' ll live to be a glorious example to all future generations of girls, showing how supremely happy an old maid can be! " Dora laughed that mirth-provoking little laugh of hers, and said ingly, " Oh yes, I think I see you! You ' ll be the first of the lot to marry, and I think it ' s every girl ' s duty to want to be married 6Orne day! " Just then Helen appeared with a " Taken possession, girls? " " Let ' s have Helen ' s views on the subject in hand; she has decided views on matrimony—I heard her debate the question once. Helen, is it a girl ' s duty to want to be married some day? " 177 " Oh girls, I protest; that ' s too deep a subject for such a summer ing. " She laughed gayly but had soon launched into an eloquent speech on the subject, relieving herself of ideas very different from Dora ' s. " A girl shouldn ' t marry she has positive domestic inclinations. Lore should not enter into the question,—that ' s all bosh anyway. She should decide whether she is equal to the responsibility. Now Dora, or Ella, for instance, would make charming little wrens, but I— why I have a wandering tion, and I hate to do marketing, or to bother my head about airing .out rooms and all that sort o ' thing. Indeed I shall be an old maid and all honor to the genus. I think it ' s my duty not to marry. " Her eloquence had run into personal channels, but it was none the less eloquent in delivery for having done so. She had been drawing off her gloves, and now she tossed them carelessly into a corner and sent her hat to keep them company. The girls discussed the ideas advanced and soon dispersed to take up their neglected books. For some minutes after the girls had gone, Helen sat at the window, then arose and studied faithfully until almost eleven o ' clock. She had always been called a queer girl, because she so frequently did such unusual things, and was so different from other girls, and her queerest mood seemed on to-night. For some moments after her books had been closed and put in place, she sat with her head bent on the table listening to the regular beat of the clock beside her. Suddenly she raised her head with an impatient gesture, saying, " Oh, how stupid of you! Of course time is flying—I don ' t need to be and snatching her shawl she went out, softly singing, " Rut the easiest way to lengthen your day, Is to steal a few hours from the night, my dear. " She passed out in the quiet spring night, hesitated at the gate, and then as the long-drawn cry of a lonely frog was borne from the river, she turned her steps in that direction. Swiftly she takes her way, so swiftly that she seems to glide, the soft light draperies floating behind her. The coil of rich brown hair escaped its fastening, and tossed its lovely length with the night winds. ° At the bridge she stopped, then walked half way across with bent head. She stood silent and motionless for some time, watching the black shadows of the water. The sile nce about her was perfect: the water sparkled in the moonlight; the fleecy clouds floated past the pale moon, and out into the deeper blue. Even the lonely frog had hushed his midnight serenade. Suddenly a bird ' s shrill cry sounded from the opposite bank. Helen shivered, drew her shawl closer around her, and stepped into shadow. Her hands were tightly closped, and her earnest face showed white and clear in its pure outline, as she turned it upward. Her lips were moving —she had her hopes and her faith. The water fascinated her again, and as she leaned over the railing the banks receded and faded away; the waters tossed, and the waves beat into foam; an ocean, awful in its potent grandeur, stretched before her, but Helen showed no sign of surprise. 178 A ship appeared in the distance, and came slowly very close to where she stood. It tossed and reeled from side to side, and then sank deep, deep down till its deck was on a level with the now smooth surface of that mighty sea. The deck of the ship was fringed with footlights, and all about, above, and on the sides hung silvery draperies that looked like floating mists as the breezes stirred them. Then a woman appeared from among the draperies, and advanced to the front of the deck. She fastened Helen with her eyes, and then stood wait- ing. There was a drift of music, as though of multitudes of tiny orchestras in perfect unison; and then a voice,—low, soft, and vibrant, swelling out in richest ecstacies of song. As the last note trembled and died away, the ship grew dimmer. The waters tossed and gradually shrank into their old proportions; the outline of the banks grew distinct; and only the dim moonlight glimmered on the tiny waves. Helen threw out her arms in a despairing gesture, and sighing slowly left the bridge. A boat lay fastened to the shore a few feet away, and very slowly and thoughtfully she descended the bank and approached it. Her feet sank down in the soft earth, and her draperies, damp with the dew, clung close to her slender figure. She reached the chain which fastened the boat, drew it up, and daintily poising herself, stepped in. The boat floated out.the length of the chain as Helen ' s form swayed in balancing it. She hadn ' t for a moment considered the impropriety or danger of her proceedings, until something moved in the stern of the boat. The " something " proved to be young Burton, a student, and for one awful moment Helen stood speechless, terrified with fear, and fixed as a marble statue, until she recognized her friend by the familiar voice. He exclaimed with an alarming degree of vehemence: " Miss Rollins ! I ' m de , " but Miss Rollins had sunk into a miserable little heap in the bottom of the boat. Ernest Burton was a self-possessed and manly young student, but he stood in his tracks with his hand thrust in his pocket, and the only thing he volunteered was: " Well, I ' ll be ! " A very subdued voice inter- rupted him: " Will you please let me out, Mr. Burton? " This brought him to his senses, and he was attention itself after that. He begged to walk home with her, and the explanation which each made to the other, to account for their strange encounter, furnished an invaluable key to the character of each, which they had ample opportunity of using before the close of their university career. Dora and Helen are studying in Germany now. Dora is studying botany, and Helen ' s voice has been pronounced a marvel. Not long ice she confessed to Dora that " she didn ' t know but that • one ought to marry for love after all, especially if each had a wandering disposition. ' " And Dora laughed knowingly, and said, " I told you so? " BESSIE G. PARKER. 179 Pure Women. From the Of Julius von Rodenberg, for 31. X. E. Pure women in our life are ever Like roses hid in leafy Upon their wishes and endeavor. The dewy bloom is finely laid. No fault within their world, all whole is, Naught cloth the soft, calm fullness mar: A look into a woman ' s soul is A glimpse of heav ' n through gates ajar. Aye, humbly heed thou high-born spirits, To virile force give honor due: What man from art and science inherits Still may thy masters teach thee true. But of life ' s largest gift and duty, The dim foreshadow of the eterne, Of peace and poetry and beauty From women only canst thou learn. GUIDO H. STEMPEL. ' Oskaloosa, Iowa, December 4th, 1891. 180 My Messenger — Rose. Unplucked I find thee, swayed by summer ' s Softest breezes to and fro, Kissed by thy surrounding comrades Bending to thee e ' en as tho ' They recognized thy perfect Far surpassing all the rest; Queen of thy kind, yes, queen of-all Thou ' rt the flower that I love best. There! Now I ' ve plucked thee. Ope thy petals. Whil ' st I whisper soft and tell To thee a fond heart ' s fondest secret; Close thou then and keep it well. ' Tis this. Thou goest as a token To one who like thee is queen My queen—and should ' st thou win her favor Poised her finger-tips between, Should she but lift thee up and smiling Press thee to those lips divine, Tell her I love, more, I adore her Ask her, beg her to be mine. H C. B. 181 The Twins ' Dream. For E. P. ETHEL. I had a dream and dreamed that we were sleeping, Yet clearly saw an angel standing by, Who o ' er our slumbers patient watch was keeping, While tenderness lit up her loving eye. EVELYN. I also dreamed, and saw the sunlight O ' er this same angel so serene and fair: Her head was bent, her eyes with love were beaming, Her watching seemed a still tho ' earnest prayer. ETHEL. Half was her look on us and half toward Ah me: a sober look, yet sweet and mild, As when a summer cloud ' cross sun is driven, Yet scarcely veileth him that aye hath smiled. EVELYN. She raised her head, and clasped her hands before her. The face then for a moment sunward turned, As if the birds some happy message bore her, And some ieply upon her warm lips burned. ETHEL. Yes, sister, yes, we dreamed our dream together; Both saw the fund of love within her eyes: Both saw the heart with all its sunny weather, That well with sunshine our lives supplies. EVELYN. You speak as if you oftentimes had seen her! Yes, yes, it seems that I have known her, too; Something there was in figure and demeanor And yet I know not what it was—do you?. ETHEL. I only know she kissed one, then the other: And that is all: I opened wide my And there above us bending stood our mother - BOTH. Yes, yes! She was the angel standing by: GUIDO H. STEMPEL. 182 ,;17 „7-furnoris-es Perplexity. In years of my youth that forever have fled I had a fond hope in my vain little head, A wish to be funny and let people know How witty I was when I chose to be so. But for many long months, my labor was bootless, Expeditions in humor returned to me lootless, Till I made up my mind greatest care to observe That my thoughts ne ' er from reason ' s dull pathway should swerve. But " alas and alack " and " oh mercy—a me, " My brain was too small to admit of a " Ghee, " And having once started this downward incline, My muse would not stop for mere jerking the line. Thus, Napped it one day, I ' ll not mention the date, A much-thought-over story I chanced to relate, Then imagine who can, my teetotal surprise, When I saw my acquaintance ' s risibles rise: First he chuckled a bit, then he laughed right out loud (In all my short life I had ne ' er felt so proud). " Ha! ha! ha! That was good; why, Jones, you ' re a wit, Soon with Nye and Mark Twain your name will be writ. " Then he told it all day to whomever he met, .A nd they passed it on like the sword of Mahomet, And so on " ad lib " till quite every one knew it, And all the wise jokers began to eschew it; But each one was honest and made it no bones That the source of this exquisite tidbit was Jones. Thus from all sides I heard it— " He is such a wag, " Then out for inspection my story they ' d drag. This was all very nice, but I found out at last That you can ' t turn the mill with the water that ' s past, And I saw, to my utmost dismay and chagrin,. That my much-talked-of story was wearing quite thin. Then I cudgeled my cortex from morning till night For some way to get out of this terrible plight, But I found that my humorous record was made, And that I was funny could ne ' er be gainsaid. The people expected each time that I spoke I was going to get off a most killing new joke. 183 If I just wish to make some plebeian remark On the weather, the skating, how soon it gets dark, They are ready and waiting, with smile cut and dried, To greet the rare saying as soon as descried. While others can say, " it ' s too cold " or " too warm, " I have to say something that takes folks by storm, While others can preach or can joke as they list (Though as much out of place as a joker in whist), I am forced to be funny whatever I say. And so of this world I am weary and pray Soon to go where the angels are tuning their lay, Where you say what you please, and no devil ' s to pay, Where no puns e ' er were known and no riddles abide, Where no verses are written, no essays are tried, And where no egotistical newspaper wretch Can invite you to send him a humorous sketch. F. W. MEYERS. 184 RING. SANFORD. NEAL. VAN OUSTEEHOUT. STEVENSON. COCIJRA N. JONES. PRICE. BUTLER. BRASTED. ROGERS. M YEAS. CIIAFFEE. BAILEY. CRAWFORD. c=== .-- c to _ are„ use.4u1.: ss sA. ex 0 " nk NI0-te..— S 14 Y S Su b-1 7-. 0,-)LcA S cis e_T or StraLns to " t CII totta-r- u r o u Iv[ s cd,a u e krousc 1b-vc o u r 0 f.,1A U T , A Are " 5 fr-e...auf3 cur cLeec,Ls o u u ct_ L. -) u e Ls Vu 1-( -nL e. rrynNo r . Mil oz.Lcucx. 11,Atu.re, re, 0.:t o s - c • -L-r-T s 0 ct_ci e, Llussoms LYi,n11 uLl k " ke: " - ta, : 5 w ee L ' Ne.e r a-e, -k-r-o 11 L _____________ ________ - Tho f rain o f the gunny . Who goeth about with a troubled air, Thinking that life is drear, With a bundle of note books under each arm, And a pencil behind each ear? The editor. Who besiegeth his neighbors for items and jokes. To be met with the weary refrain, " I can ' t write; ask somebody else, " And does it all over again? The editor. Who racketh his brain in the houra of the night, And probeth it during the day, And decides that whatever the size of his head He has nothing funny to say? The editor. 187 Opinions uf ftte eneraMe eniors. A list of questions entitled " Opinions of the Venerable Seniors " was prepared and sent to each member of the Senior class. From the flood of brilliant answers received only four could be taken under each question. The four Seniors, A. B. C. D., are therefore average representatives of the class. Age? A. Cenozoic. B. Old enough to know better. C. In my fourth year. D. Anywhere from 16 to 23 (a lady). Ancestry? A. Beelzebub. B. The Vikings. C. Yankee from away back. D. Darwinian ape. (a) Nickname? and (b) how obtained? A. (a) Dennis! (b) Obtained by retrospection next day after ination. B. (a) Percee. (b) The result of evolution. D. (a) Shorty. (b) Because so small (physically). Handsomest Man ire Your Class? A. Walker, of course. B. There ain ' t any. C. Mekota. D. A tie between Walker and Billy Meyers. Handsomest Lady? A. All alike. B. Geo. Stiles. C. Haven ' t met all of ' em; can ' t say D. I ' m color blind. Most Popular Person? .• A. Ray, because we don ' t know him. B. Myrick. C. K-th-ne B-r-h-r. D. Perry Sargent, because ther, isn ' t much of him, hence, what there is, is valuable. 143 Class Huge? A. Pierce. B. An unknown article among us. C. George Shambaugh, or Davie Sollenbarger. D. Oh, I can ' t think of anybody but Walker, (from a lady). Prominent Characteristics About Yourself? A. Barbarity and verdure. • B. Meekness and long suffering. C. I can yell, get myself and other people into trouble, and stab well. D. Brilliant intellect and dwindled body. Achievements? A. Have paid my bills. Lionized by society; discovery of humanity ' s ignorance, including my own. C. Never achieved. D. Helped get out a Junior Annual, (may heaven forgive me): played foot ball, and made out this diagnosis. Evenings How Spent? A. Digging, and writing love letters. B. Burning midnight oil in reduced quantities. C. Either in study or sleeping (usually the latter). D. At Fred ' s. •(a) _Married? (b) If not, Your Prospects? A. (a) I object; that is a leading question. (b) I still hug the fond lusion of hope. B. (a) Not entirely. (b) Prospects unfortunately flattering. C. (a) Well, I believe not. (b) Prospects poor, very poor. D. (a) No. (b) With the approach of the day they vanish away like the dew in the morning sunshine. (a) What Course are You in? (b) Why? A. (a) Of course. (b) Because I couldn ' t get a degree in any other. B. (a) Philosophical. (b) That I might never say like young Lord Duberty: Damn Plato, for Plato doesn ' t deserve such a malediction. C. (a) Sighentifich. (b) To get chemistry. D. (a) Classical, of course. (b) So as not to have a snap. Why in College? A. So as to become cultyawed, you know. B. Because my family decided it was the correct thing. C. To getout of work at home. D. Because a man who don ' t go to college ain ' t in it. Why Give S. U. I. the preference? A. So as to do missionary work among the Juniors and other heathen. B. Because they wanted me to go to Cornell. C. In the words Lichty, " Because U. and I. are so close together. " D. Because I was not compelled to attend chapel, otherwise I would be in Grinnell. 189 What Would You do if Plucked? A. Same as I have done before—keep quiet. B. Cuss. C. Got a friend among the regents. D. 0, I could easily graduate at Grinnell. To What Would You Attribute Your Failure? A. Not working the Profs. B. To the inappreciation of the Profs for my bloothing genius. C. To myself alone. D. To the fact that I won ' t work the Profs, won ' t ride iu tions, and won ' t work very hard. Favorite Drink? A. Never drink. B. Hydrant water. C. I object to this question. D. I ' ll tell you a story: I was once offered some wine, I drank it with my eyes shut. A friend asked me why I did so. I said I was afraid it would make my mouth water, and I wanted to take it straight. Ever in Jail? A. No, but sometimes wished the other fellow was. B. doing missionary work. C. Why don ' t you know that? (Stiles). D. I refuse to answer without consulting my attorney. Sow Your Own Wood? A. Yes, when the neighbors fail to saw their ' s. B. No; keep a " Freshie " room-mate for such things (Chantland). C. Yes, sir, I do. At least it is mine after it is sawed. D. You bet. The University ' s Greatest Need? A. Pure college politics. B. More money, music and pretty girls. C. A new back fence. D. A Junior Annual board, every member of which will hustle. Society ' s Greatest Need? A. Good refreshments and good conversationalists. B. A little sweet oil about its neck joints. C. Dress reform. D. More Harvard graduates. Future Occupation? A. Poultry raising. B. Same as Micawber ' s. C. Making out Y. M. C. A. hand-books. D. Honoring my Alma Mater as she has honored me. Main Object in Life? A. To die happy. B. Like yeast—to raise something. C. To be perpetually in it. D. To eat, sleep, be happy, and, incidentally, to study a little. 190 liavukeye Advertisements. For Sale.—Half of the ' 92 JUNIOR ANNUALS at fifty cents each. Wanted.—Something to eat. Address one of the starved, overworked JUNIOR ANNUAL editors. For Sale.—A half interest in my delicate moustache. I guarantee success to the purchaser or money will be refunded. MIKE BALLIET. Wanted.—Something in which to preserve my old orations. NELSON. For Sale.—My latest work on " How to Flunk Gracefully; or, The Science of Fooling the Profs. " Address C. A. S., 2125 South Moon Street. For Sale.—Tickets to my course of lectures on " The Science of tache Raising. " Come early and avoid the rush. WALKER. Wanted.—Some one to build our fires. Freshmen preferred. THE JUNIORS. The Juniors wish to inform the public that they are the people. Please lift your hat when you meet a ' 93 man. For Sale.—A stock of well assorted and popular puns. No two alike. All guaranteed not to rip, ravel, or run down at the heel for two years. L--D ELLIOTT. For Sale.—A few choice essays on abstract subjects. Among this rare collection will be found such treatises as " How to Win the Girl that Loves the Other Fellow; " " My Opinion of Darwin; " " Extracts from My Best Girl ' s Letters, " etc. The last one mentioned is very interesting. D. T. SOLLENBARGER. Wanted.—To know where as handsome a foot ball team as ours can be found. STUDENTS. AMUSEMENTS. MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT. Diomedes Achilles Washington McMillan and Rt. Honorable From Home Gunsolus will soon appear before the Iowa City public-for the first and only time. These accomplished musicians will perform on the cymbals and bass drum. They can trace their descent back to Aristotle and Eve. They are well and favorably known in all the heathen lands, especially among the cannibals. This concert will be a rare treat. Come and bring a sister. Tickets two cents. Persons under ninety-five years of age admitted free. 191 GYMNASIUM EXHIBITION. Lovers of athletic sports will assemble in the gymnasium gallery at 3:30 T. H., Wednesday next. We can give but a few of the features: Kallenberg will climb the rope with his hands and feet tied together. Sargent will stand on his head, and, at the same time, wink at the prettiest girl in the gallery. He will then go out and take a private shower bath. Kaye will tie himself into a bow k not, while Dawson is doing the high kick act. Barrett will exhibit his cat-like agility on the parallel bars. Aldrich will balance himself on his thumb. The Herculean Neal will hold a dish of oysters at arm ' s length, after which the oysters will suddenly and lously disappear. Riggs will swallow himself. Scofield will perform thirty revolutions per second on the horizontal bar. The S. U. I. Band will render the famous overture, " Midsummer Night ' s Dream, " on next dress parade day. This harmonious selection is arranged with all the latest discords, and will be worth a day ' s journey to avoid. We learn that we will, in the near future, have the pleasure of listening to the Faculty Dramatic Club in " Romeo and Juliet. " This is given for the benefit of the foot ball team. So let all turn out to see this master pany. Below we give a partial list of the Dramatis Personae: Escalus Prof. Jameson. Paris Prof. McGowan. Montague Prof. Perkins. Capulet Prof. Calvin. Uncle of Capulet Prof. Currier. Romeo Prof. Andrews. Mercutio Prof. Loos. Mr. Aby. Tybalt Mr. Stephenson. Friar Laurence Mr. Spanutius. Juliet Mrs. Partridge. Lady Montague Miss Loughridge. Lady Capulet Miss Call. 192 Lecture en the Brain. SCENE I. A Soph ' more stood by the wicket gate, To bid his love adieu. His hat and grip were in his hand, The coming train in view. He thought of the " other fellow ' s " chance, And a tear stood in his eye; But the whistle blew, And he had to go, So he said a last good-bye: " Oh, love! Dear love! Adieu. I now must go from you, To wrestle with mathematics, Surveying, Physics and Gymnastics. Oh, dearest, for me pray, That success may crown my way, Be faithful, brave and true, And I ' ll come back to you. " SCENE II. In a study lone, The lamp-light shone On a Soph ' more waiting there. 193 His face was pale, And his frenzied eye Showed a look of deep despair. On the table before him a note-book lay, Filled with hieroglyphical signs; And you might have heard this Sop_ h ' more say, As he solved its mystic lines, " Oh, love! Dear love! Adieu! I ' ll never more see you. Prof. Jameson ' s lectures have begun. Prof. S. is lecturing to us now, And I never can pull through; Our lectures soon are due, But I ' ve only copied two. My course is run, I ' m almost done, So, dearest love, adieu. " SCENE III. They found him there In his study chair, Next morning, cold and dead. His lifeless hand still grasped the pen, But his weary soul had fled. They laid him to rest neath a willow tree On the bank by a brooklet clear, And his restless spirit wandering nigh Still moans in deep despair: " Oh, love! Dear love! Adieu. My prophecy has proved true, The commas were too far between, The periods far too few. Oh, say to Professor J. That I have gone to stay; For the sake of the boys still on the " string, " ' Twould be a most desirable thing, And I humbly proffer this last request, That when he lectures he ' ll stop and take breath, At least once during the hour. " 194 IIIC JACET. Here lie the bones of an engineer; He died in his study, no friend was near, But his friends are many, though none were there, And concerning his virtues they wish to declare That they were " legion " and his faults were few. He did with his might what his hands found to do, In fact, he died in the path of right, Writing up a lecture from a short-hand copy, He made a brave effort, but stood no show, And " Jamie ' s " lecture laid him low. ONE OF THEINI. at...41Wle 195 Characteristic Expressions. Prof. Loos.— " Yes, ah-h we will not discuss it along this line at ent. " Prof. Perkins.— " Observe, therefore. " Lyon.— " Rave you a hand-book? " Alty (in stage whisper).— " Search for Amwbw. " Prof. Currier.— " Go on go on. " Prof. Andrews.— " Well, I should not attempt to expose my ignorance. " Prof. Ca ein.— " And that will do. " Van Oosterhaut.— " Mr. President, this is manifestly unjust. " D. T. Sollenbarger.— " She can have me. " Miss Holt.— " Romeo, wherefore art thou, Romeo. " D. A. W. McMillan.— " Well, professor, if it would not be too much of a digression, I should like to ask a question right here. " B. Shanibaugh.— " 0, thou immortal sun, Fain would I ascend to thee on ethereal wings. " Miss Slotterbee.— " Where ' s my Annette! " " I am an equestrian. " hir Sampson.— " Well—ab: it was-ah, I don ' t know-ah. " all smile on me. " Gruwell.— " Well; I don ' t know. " Instructor Stephenson.— " We will discuss the Yale-Harvard foot ball game. " S. K. Stevenson.— " Well, see here. " Ra 1.— " And just here let me say. " 15 The Zoology Student ' s ' Dream. A student sat in his study chair, With his ink-daubed fingers plunged in his hair; On the table before him his note book lay, A bottle of mucilage and blue-prints gay. Among the many prints so blue Were the black-tailed, the rufus, and the great kangaroo. Their curious structure he pondered o ' er, When a skeleton grim appeared at the door; Quoth he: " They picked my bones for your instruction, Your education meant my destruction. Fair trade is no robbery, and so for fair play; Suppose that you pose for me to-day. " So he pushed him and poked him until he was sore, Then bore him away to the museum floor. In a chair he was placed by the great Macropus, While his joints were all tested by Halmaturus. " Tinder sized, " cried one with tape measure in hand, " Brain case very small, " cried the rest of the band. " Tactile hairs none, " said old Mac with a grin, " Hairs of his pompadour also quite thin, " " Digits five, " cried young Rufus, " and he ' s called an athlete, Imagine the leaps he can make with such feet. " " Hold him steady, " cried another, " while his picture I take, He ' ll make a good blue-print and no mistake. " Then the blood of this student began to congeal, For cold bony fingers on his arm he could feel. When lo! he awoke—with much cause to grieve, For he ' d spilled the mucilage all clown his sleeve, And those blue-prints so gay he saw with a frown Were fast glued to his note book and all-face down. 198 The Seniors, Miss Nellie W. Ankeny is the " goodest " girl in the class. Her sation is yea, yea and nay, nay, and all her paths are peace. Her rendering of Cassius ' speech in the Tent scene commencing, " Come, Anthony, " is especially fine. Katharine Barber—Professional President and Society Girl. She has a winning manner and a subdued smile, which is very fetching. She will wear her famous yellow dress at commencement. Florence Brown is of the clinging vine order. She expects to teach, but she is destined to marry very young. Chantland has a born genius for managing—variety shows—very slick, and almost always comes in at the head of the procession. Bobbie Cannon was once very war-like, but he thinks his name a nomer since he didn ' t get the captaincy. Samuel Gray Cartwright knows most everything and isn ' t afraid to say so. He is quite an artist in pasteboards. Laura Clark is fitted to be either a missionary or a woman ' s rights " organizer. " She is fond of speaking her mind on all subjects. Geo. C. Cook—Poet, Philosopher, Pessimist, Prohibitionist, Proctor and Professor ' s Pet. Millie Cuplin is just " too sweet for anything. " She will also marry young. Milton Tennyson Eudaly is a quiet, reserved, pious sort of fellow, and so lazy that he don ' t chew gum. W. A. Ferren, a noted athlete and Y. M. C. A. ornament. He has a great propensity for getting knocked all to pieces at foot ball and getting sick-leaves. Chas. O ' Flynn is noted for his French accent and his beautiful alabaster hands, which he carries about on his person. Mary Gaymon has an aggressive character, full of energy, and giggles. M. I. Heppenstall, the prize beauty of the class, has beautiful rosy cheeks and large (mil)dewy eyes. Horace Hollingsworth, a Quaker; a pillow of the church: a " sustaining " member, and a living illustration of the proverb that a certain class of people can ask more questions in a minute than a wise man can answer in a day. Edward Holman is a wild and woolly blizzard from the big northwest. He once saw an Indian, a running of his best. He didn ' t stop to shoot him, and he didn ' t stop to see, but he lit right out like lightning for a safe countree. 199 Edward Kidlike is kept very busy concealing the genius of which he is said to be possessed. Thus far he has been eminently successful. Harry E. Kelly. A caste of him is being made to represent the " model student " at the World ' s Fair. His cards will not be out before ment, rumors to the contrary notwithstanding. Lyon, " the n oblest Roman of them all. " He is a very smart boy and is already engaged—to teach in Dist. 9, Sleepy Hollow twp., Chickasaw - county. Perry McVey has made himself very useful as an illustration of the articulation of the skeleton. He is a very " gaily " specimen. Joseph Mekota, the defender of the honor of his race. He is able to point with pride to himself as a glorious product of an unappreciated people. J. C. Monn et, expounder of the principles, " All men are liars " and " Eolitiks is one darn fule and boliticens is anoder. " Sophia Moore is a Frat girl and is very fond of Frat boys and dancing parlors. E. Meyers, candidate at large for anything in particular, church and anti-Frat vote a specialty. Eddie Munger, altogether the whitest man in school. Has been Captain in three different languages. A. E. Myrick, Aldine Literary Society. Having discovered in his Freshman year that it didn ' t do him any good to study anyway, he has religiously refrained from it ever since. Frank Nelson, Scandinavian. A regular Norse Viking, very fond of the raging main. He is popularly supposed to know something. Howard North has a " stand in " with the Faculty, so that we will only add that he is a handsome, refined, resthetic gentleman and scholar. Agnes E. Otto is a fine, large-hearted girl with a penchant for Perkins. Fannie Deer Patton is an unassuming and unassumed young lady. Looks best in red. Franklin G. Pierce, knife swallower, Prof. caterer and semi-fret man. The biggest bluff this side the Rockies. He has a reputation like a packing house. Harry S. Richards, a brainy fellow, one of Perkins ' Pets. Has been something of a recluse, but at present has a pretty fair Holt on society. Julia E. Rogers, Pedagogue and Dress Reformer. Talks nicely and has a ' eavenly smile. Frank Russell, caricature artist. A demon in disguise. Perry Sargent, a 2 x 4. A mischievous youngster who writes notes in class. Shambaugh, a solid, awe-inspiring man. The mainstay of the Quill, the Zets., the Y. M. C. A. and the girls. Geo. Shambaugh, the steering apparatus of the Boat Club. Another of Perkins ' Pets (worked it on his face.) D. T. Sollenbarger, an enthusiastic and energetic politician, otherwise a well meaning chap. Capt. Geo. W. Stiles, Humorist, Orator and Student of Philosophy. Laughs hard at his own jokes. 200 Fred A. Stowe, an ambitious blonde youth. The smartest boy on earth. For further address any of his admiring relatives. He assists Pierce in the knife swallowing. Joseph W. Sueppel, rather haughty and reserved. A disciple of Baron Munchausen. Marie T. Thompson, a relative of her sister ' s. She is studious, meek and winning. Objects to the class colors b ecause they don ' t match her complexion. Samuel VerVeer, one of the lost tribes. Expects to obtain a position as chainman. A disciple of St. Jamie. Wm. H. Walker. This gentleman has spent four years trying to comprehend the extent of his own greatness, and he doesn ' t half appreciate himself now. Albert Weiss, gentleman of leisure, musician and humbug generally, but a very nice boy for all that. Will R. Whiteis is studying for the ministry, swears in a most clerical way and is rapidly fitting himself for his calling. Bertha M. Wilson, the belle of the class, as beautiful as she is some and as intelligent as she is intellectual. The proud possessor of two dimples and a gold pen. 311), too-tv • 201 " Breaks. " Student (at Iowa City book store)— " Do you keep college song books? " Clerk— " The which? " Student— " College song books. Collections of old songs. Students sing so much, you know. " Clerk (brightening)— " We have the Junior Annual. " Junior (reading aloud from Margery Daw to a number of Freshmen)— " I have known a girl to satirize a man for years and then marry him. " First Freshman— " What does satirize mean? " Second Freshman— " Why, sat her eyes on him, of course. " First student (at supper table, passing the hash to his neighbor)— " Will you have some of this? " Second student— " What is it? " First student— " A hundred choice selections. " Honorably dismissed— " That will do for the present. " Ignominiously flunked— " You have entirely the wrong idea. That is sufficient. " RULES FOR THE INFORMATION OF FRESHMEN. I. Never get up until you have to, and go to bed early. II. On entering the class room rush for the back seat, moving from five to six chairs in the operation. III. Say " How do yer do, Prof. Cold, hain ' t it? " IV. Then ask him where the lesson is, just to stir him up. V. When called upon to recite say you understood that that section was not given. VI. Never schedule until after the specified time, and always delay paying your tuition. Dignity must be preserved. VII. Never think of knocking when entering a friend ' s room. VIII. Always throw everything upon the floor, not once noticing the abominable waste basket. IX. Try and make all the noise you can while in your room, others will then know you to be around. X. Never think of lifting your hat when you meet a lady. 202 IN THE CLASS ROOM. Prof. of Biology— " Mr. Campbell, describe protococcus. " Mr. C. (hesitatingly)— " Why—ah—I don ' t just recall the animal. " Prof.— " Mr. , we are ready for your report. " Mr. — " I haven ' t had time to collect my thoughts. " Prof.— " We will give you a moment, that will be ample time. Prof. in English Prose— " What of Carlyle ' s family relations? A., ' 92— " Well, his marriage, like all intelligent marriages, turned out unhappily. " Prof. in Biology to Junior girl— " Describe the teeth of the clam. " J. G. (meditating)— " Do you mean the teeth for mastication? " In English History (Prof. Perkins)— " Will any one state what the three creeds were? " Junior (rising to the occasion)— " The Apostles ' creed, the Lord ' s Prayer, and the ten commandments. " Prof. (animatedly)— " I well remember the day I took a walk afoot on that road. " Prof.— " What can you say of extinct volcanoes, Mr. B? " Mr. B.— " I don ' t know where there are any. I know where there used to be some. " Instructor Sampson— " I studied Anglo Saxon under Prof. in Cornell. " Then, with alacrity— ' ' I mean, of course, Cornell in New York. " A Freshman ' s reason for studying on Sunday— " If a man is justified in helping the ass out of the pit on the Sabbath day, how much more justified would the ass be for trying to help himself out? " In Freshman German— " Aber der wolf fund sie alle and verschluchte sie ausser den jungsten in der Wand uhr. " Pupil— " But the wolf found and ate them all except the youngest one who hid in the watch. " Prof. L.— " You can see by the order in which I have arranged these notes on the board that it was unpremeditated. " Law— " Then it isn ' t a crime. " Prof. all right. " An enterprising student in the Department introduced Professor Z. to an assembly the other day in the following words: . " Professor Z. will now address you. Since there is a very sick patient upstairs, I beg to ask that the audience will refrain from applause of any kind, and will remember the old proverb, ' The wise man keeps still while the fool talks. ' " Prof.— " Ah, Mr. P., can you give me the time of the landing of tine at Ebbs Fleet? " Mr. P.— " 588 to 685. " Prof. " That is a century, is it not, Mr. P? Ah, yes! Now I want just one year out of that one hundred, don ' t you see? " 203 Prof.— " Mr. P. A. McM, can you give me the result of this war? " Mr. D. A. W. McM (rising)— " I am D. A. W. McM. " Prof.— " Well. " Mr. D. A. W. McM.— " Mr. P. A. McM isn ' t here. " Prof.— " Hum-m: Then you may recite. What were the results of this war? " Mr. D. A. W. McM.— " I don ' t know. " 204 VA)-e anti )1 e, Italendar. APRIL. 30. Class ' 93, in conclave assembled, decide to issue an annual next year which shall be in all respects superior to the one about to be issued by ' 92. 1. Class ' 93 extends the hand of peace to the Freshmen and invites them to a reception. 2. The boys of the Junior Class give public expression to their thanks to the Junior girl, who, by her presence at chapel three times this term, shows her interest in the reputation of the class. 3. Hawkeye, ' 92, has disappeared: will positively appear May 16. 4. Pan Hellenic party. Mysterious disappearance of a number of men ' s hats. 4. Beta party. Some one takes Orton ' s girl and he wears a look of awful meaning. 9. One professor takes three girls to the ball game at Mt. Vernon. 11. Fresh and Soph girls conspire to refuse any invitation to the reception. Miss L wishes to teach those boys a severe lesson. 12. Reception postponed. 15. Hawkeye still in a comatose condition. Will positively appear June 1. 16. Home Field Day. 21. Fresh-Soph banquet. Discussion of the bushel of peanuts won by ' 93 in the class tug of war. 23. Ovation, with tin horns, waiting for the base ball victors returning. from Grinnell. 23. Crossley, Stiles and Butler, in consequence of the above, accept the escort of officers of the law, and make the acquaintance of the, mayor. 24. Butler occupies his usual position in the Sunday school choir. 28. Sprinters are getting in good work. 206 2. Undertakers in convention. They hold their meetings in the Medical building and " do " the ' Varsity museum. 3. Same thing. 4. Preparations for State Field Day. Delegates begin to arrive and occupy reserved seats on the dry goods boxes along Clinton street. 4. Reception committee frantic. 5. State Field Day. Elements in tears. Seems to have no effect on Iowa College men. 6. Still rains. Base ball game cannot be. 8. Examinations begin. 9. Students sad and thoughtful. Professors smile in fiendish glee. 12. Torture over. 15. Class ' 91 bury the hatchet and smoke the pipe of peace. 15. Powers makes his debut as a star in the character of I-Iezekiah swett. Support good. 18. Sheep-skins and sad farewells. 15. We register as Juniors. 16. Four Freshmen are observed admiring the water cart from the P. 0. corner. 16. McCarron becomes a student of the University. 17. The " spiker " is abroad in the land. The guileless victim is delighted with the cordiality of his new friends. 18. The tender ones make their first recitation. 21. Freshmen initiated into the mysteries of drill. 21. Gunsolus joins the band. 23. Prexie warns the Sophs to be very careful in tackling the Freshies. 24. ' 93 succeeds in electing officers without loss of life. Myers elected itor. G. C. Cook conducts the Advanced Rhetoric Class. 25. Nelson speaks at Ottumwa and rivals Iowa ' s famous orator, Dolliver. -.D. Junior Annual Board meeting called. Three editors came. Meeting postponed. 28. Junior Annual Board meeting. Postponed. 29. Junior Annual Board meeting. Met. 30. Rall rises and makes a few extended remarks. 207 1. Climatic conditions bad for the nervous Freshman. 2. Eavesdropping Sophs are clucked by the Freshies. 3. Billy Meyers studies for the first time. 4. Great excitement. Fire in Delta Halls. 5. Freshman mashes beginning to crop. 5. Athletic Association meeting. 6. Engineers start out for a lark up Turkey Creek. Ostensible reason, surveying. 7. Revival of interest in the sport of quail hunting. 8. Blakely loses his moustache. 10. Foot ball. Medics and Dents against Collegiates and Laws. Result, a tie. 12. Chapel at Close Hall. Spiritual, but no material warmth. 13. Ferren thinks of joining the foot ball team. 15. E Anderson wishes someone else was president. Interesting scrap. Prexie takes some names. 15. Soph-Fresh cane rush. 3500 lbs. a side. 17. Decapitation of G—rr--1. 17. Sophs and Juniors, owners of above mentioned names, resolve never to flunk again and to attend chapel every day if they escape the above fate. - 18. Aforementioned Sophs and Juniors dismissed with a reprimand. Jolli- fication. 18. Examinations by way of variety. 19. Hart describes his feelings before entering the Faculty room. 20. Seniors in a dignified and judicious manner distribute offices. dent, Katherine Barber. 20. George Kennan at the Opera House. 21. Mary Holt and Mrs. Neff delegates to the Y. W. C. A. Convention. 23. Freshies take their girls to the banquet in peace and quiet. 24. Vague rumors of a chapter of Sigma Chi. 27. Joint debate at the Opera House. Political problems made easy. 28. Mr. Nourse commences his lecture by saying a few words before he begins. 28. Cupid. Marriage of Winifred Lewis, ' 90, to Samuel P. Gilbert, ' 84. 31. Delta Gammas and also Pi Phis hold forth. Kappa Kappa Gamma, Phantom Party. 208 2. Rugby. U. of M. vs. S. U. I. 42-4. 2. Banquet and reception to show that we have no hard feelings. :3. Bannister again comes to the rescue of .the class and asks some tions. 4. Eudaly appears in spectacles. 5. The Tabard bursts upon an unsuspecting world. H ' m. Well? (i. Unexplained disappearance of the Choral Union . 7. Prof. N—tt—ng ' s vaulting ambition o ' erleaps itself in the gym. class. 9. Hornby has his lesson. • 12. Great sensation in Biology class. The fresh water mussels discovered to be alive. 14. Autumn Field Day postponed. 17. Senior meeting. Reception under consideration. Some do not want refreshments. Some want to eat. 18. Nearer, 0, Turkey, to thee! 21. Hesperians import a Chinese troupe. 22. Dedication of Close Hall. Address by Prof. Wheeler, of Cornell versity. 25. We depart in search of the flesh pots. 26. Foot ball. S. U. I. vs. U. of N. 22-0. 27. Reception by Christian Association in Close Hall. 1. - Prof. Calvin lectures before the State Historical Society on Prehistoric Iowa. 2. Prof. Sampson and Mr. Till practice putting on hats for the Boat Club benefit. 3. Holbrook says something. Later: The above is too utterly ridiculous to be funny. 5. Foot ball. S. U. I. vs. Kansas University at Kansas City. 18-14. 4. V. T. Price sheds the light of his smile o ' er his Alma Mater. 5. Sigma Chi ' s have an initiation. 8. Benefit for the Rowing Club. 9. Seniors still considering the question of refreshments. 209 10. Honors thrust upon the Seniors. Cook, Katharine Barber and Laura Clarke are made Proctors in the English Department. 11. Feelings of the Freshmen indescribable. 12. Death of Dr. W. F. Peck, Dean of the Medical Faculty. 14. " Sandy " made captain of the foot ball team. 15. Instructor Stephenson disporteth gracefully in rubber boots. 16. Campbell is seen standing in the Library, then in the hall. 16. Examinations begin. 17. Not so bad as usu al. 18. Prof. Sampson says farewell. 19. We go home to repair the exchequer. Rest! Sweet rest! 2. University Extension circular issued. 5. The students come back and the wheels begin to go ' round again. 5. Chemical building occupied. 6. Printers call for more copy. 7. Campbell, ' 93, and Bannister, ' 93, say farewell and go, seduced by the glories of Leland Stanford University. 8. The JUNIOR ANNUAL Board is immortalized in a picture. 9. Instructor Stephenson lectures to a frigid audience. Cause, a ciency in the steam pipes in Close Hall. 12. No chapel this week. Same steam pipes to blame. 13. Ignatius Donnelly and Prof. Freeman address the Laws. 14. The authenticity of Green ' s Shorter History is disputed by a skeptical mind. 15. Prof. Perkins comes valiantly to the rescue of Green. 16. Rowing Club benefit. 18. T. W. V. " A strange mystery my masters. " Sh-Tiddledy Wink Verein, 20. Freshmen organize a base ball team. 20. Mind reading at the Opera House. 21. The irrepressible Swinhurne eludes the eager grasp of English I. 22. Ocarina Quartette organizes. 23. Alonzo Stagg lectures at Close Hall. 25. The printers call for more copy. ' )7. Politics in Athletic Association getting warm. 29. Soph meeting. They will banquet the Freshmen. 30. We discontinue our labors. 210 slid 20. THE HAWKEYE of ' 93 is issued. 211 Q U O 6 — COO -••) • voIcc LV.A.1,ar AGUE: 0111Nr111111; Sogqwe ow. U. 1. k.Aie way ' ro .re ' s we al old S. U.I. litis wnet-is cl way yyc have old 5. . .1. is wny we a • WAVIIMINT. ISNOT MEM II MIME II WC AllirMVIIIIIP-111111.91MMM■E M ' -WW " M I0 S 19 . 40L1 your lids, oui of rolAs■nq old Hi ' clone Up:Kt pucier reedy -}0,11, f two lips are , d 0 . rn a weld byeac a zero we take cll old 14i Hi, Hi. ULM v THE fiurron RESERVES THE R re Cory q cNr- r r r ALLEGR 0, BY H ASELOENE. INDINC STA1 a build any old, That tbq stone , There Stands the reiNdiry e? tA■r And tool( her hand about to land At I-he w■rich-eil A T oot or above , AA a IA oy e Ifov moot vovra }air one there, AT .3 h C s S =Mi Ma= Up wE 90 Clirn b■reo yv;eva■rial I isStd ner there stair. S the one IL rice Ai the role of the vy N otN5 S 0, tho w , Stitt Stabds tt try•re, Ana %ts dark ' nin, Vision of IKodaks. HAT Friday had been a trying day. I had failed in three successive recitations, by sheer bad luck it seemed to me, and had spent the entire afternoon in meetings of one kind or another, so that when at nightfall I at last reached my room, I was thoroughly exhausted, The air was clamp and clinging, and had that peculiar waiting sensation which indicates a coming storm. It was one of those nights when people hurry home, put more wood on the fire, and draw the curtains, shivering at the moaning of the winds outside, more because of the simple sound than because it is cold. I threw myself down in a big chair to muse on the injustice of things in general, coming to the reckless conclusion that it is all Fate anyway. To be sure Mr. X. and Miss Y. never fail to recite, but they are of those people who " can count the beans in a bag wi ' only smelling at ' em, " as Mrs. Poyser says. Then I fell to wondering how far a student ' s career indicates his future success. The room was becoming dark; the house was strangely still. A mass of snow suddenly slid off from the roof to the top of the porch, and I started up nervously. What I am about to relate may have been a nightmare resulting from my wearied condition, it may have been pure imagination. I do not pretend to explain it. All I can say is that suddenly I found myself examining a pile of kodaks, real tangible kodaks, all having the date 1900. One after another I turned them over, and one by one I recognized the familiar forms and faces of ' 93. In some mysterious way Fate had granted me the glimpse into the future I had wished for. The first I took up showed me, sitting in an editorial looking apartment, a figure too familiar to be mistaken. It was that of a young woman, rather short of stature, with wavy dark hair, gathered in a loose knot at the back of a well-shaped head, her nose large enough to denote character and what tip-tilted, large eyes, and a mouth which smiled as she furiously scribbled. No need to turn over the card, on the back of which was written " J. C., Editor-in-chief of Womans ' National Suffrage Journal. " The class seemed to have a strong tendency toward journalism. After journalism the missionary spirit seemed pre-eminent. The second card showed a tall gentleman in a Prince Albert, with his hand thrust in his coat front in a statesmanlike attitude. A peculiar smile and twinkle of the eyes, as well as his immaculate collar and cuffs, made the legend on the back unnecessary — " W. 13-1-y—attorney. " A slight, very blond and clapper gentleman, standing on a rough form at the earner of a country town, surrounded by an applauding crowd 214 of rustics, with a barrel of apples near by, was the next card, labeled " A. E. C-ff-e-, professional politician, candidate for legislature. " In that speech he promised every one of that crowd an office within a year. The third was a graceful picture of a literary woman in her home. A clerical looking gentleman, seemingly also at home, was reading a paper in the corner. Turning over the card I read " F. R-g-s—, authoress and essayist. " Next came a revival scene. A short, dudish gentleman, with eye glasses, stands in the pulpit. Labeled " D. A. W. McM., revivalist and thropist. " Then a school room. A dark gentleman at the desk.—Professor W. W. K-y-e, Professor of Literature, and author of " B est Methods of Studying English History. " An opera house crowded. On the stage two elocutionists holding their audience breathless.—The Misses B. P-k-r and M. W-11-ms. A gentleman of dignified, sage and editorial bearing. What has he accomplished? I thought. Turning over the card I read— " Editor-in-chief of THE HAwKEYE—earth had nothing higher to offer him and he has done nothing since. " A missionary at work among the natives.—R. P. M-11-r, missionary to Grinnell. A worn, weary, smileless R-n-g, recently released from an asylum, where he has been confined since February, 1892. An orator in the act of delivering Rienzi ' s Address to the J. G. M-11-r. A book worm burning the midnight oil.—O. H. M-s-n, popular divine, and author of several works on Political Economy. A ball-room scene.—F. W. N-1-, whistles all dance tunes known to ancient and-modern times. Has made name and fame by this unique , feSsion. A crowded theater. An actress thrilling her audience with curdling tragedy.—C. A. S1-b-c. Missionary to Russia.—E. M. W-11-s. Married a convict, and has taken up her abode in a mine, from whence she carries on her missionary work. Lecture room of S. U. I. Professor of A thletics.—W. L-rr-e. Learned divine and scholar—Formerly an athlete—A. T. S-n-d. A microscopic specimen, I thought, as I turned to one. No. Only Miss E. R-s-e hunting fungi. A celebrated naturalist in this line. An artist looking for employment.—F. F-b-sh-. Had a good position as artistic editor on a leading paper, but resigned because there were ladies on the staff. R. C. B-1-r.—Lawyer, politician, writer and social success. Best known work, Ethics of the Politics of Athletics. Finally, most interesting because of his position as president of ' 93. F. Br-t-d.—President of U. S. Got there by simply being good. L. El-t-.—Humorous lecturer, and recently being obliged to give it up on ac count of being twice mobbed. At present a professional conversation- alist and punster. T. J. F-zp-r-.—Has gained immense popularity by the discovery that grippe is due to over exertion. 215 A weary, plaintive faced lady, sitting with a number of pupils in a private recitation room.— M. Gl-s-n, Instructor of German Language,— Goethe ' s prose a specialty. E. A. R-b-. — " A worthy man who saves his common wealth and amasses worldly wealth. " H. M. Tr-y.—A bloated bond-holder. E. J-ns-, C. L. E-de and G. U. Sabin.—Professional politicians, with all that appertains thereto. S. K. St-ns-n.—Historical lecturer. Character of Elizabeth a specialty. C. F-ck-s.—Founder of a hospital for wounded foot ball players. F. Sw-n-n.—A Methodist preacher whose stately tread moves all to reverence. P. D. Van 0.—A gentle scholar and a worthy man. Professor of lish in University of Chili. C. M-re and C. Sm-h.—Heros in the ' form of book agents. C. C. St-r-r.—Millionaire. Made his money by establishing an S. U. I. club at the World ' s Fair. B. II-n-1.— " A graceful flower remaining on the parent stem. " J. L. B-n-r.—Pop corn vender. Founder of the pop corn mission. F. J. L-gn-st.—Professor of German Language in ' University of Alaska, Miss L. M-re.—Preceptress of ladies ' academy. P. A. McM.—Professional rustler. N. B. Sc-f-ld.—Funny editor of 8. U. I. Quill. Miss S. P-ce.—Rising authoress. Excels in short talks of college and fraternity life. B. B-rr-t.—Formerly a professional Sigma Chi on the alert for new victims. Now a missionary. Miss J. J—s. A scribe; never seen without note book and pen. A. B. F—r and G. W. Gr-w--1.—Professors of Kodakology in S. U. I. Another editorial sanctum. A slender, blonde gentleman, engaged in consigning manuscript to the waste basket.—G. B ds ly. Editor-in-chief of the Oklahoma Daily Rustler. Too bad the kodak doesn ' t show the blush of horror on his face as he discerns a tone of levity in that composition. C. C. H-v-ey.--Chief Justice Supreme Court of Iowa. I had turned over the kodak with feverish haste. A second time I looked at them, then arose from my seat and put them carefully away, wondering how I should account for them to others. ' This story I admit is incredible, but to all who disbelieve it I will gladly show my collection of kodaks. Others there were, but what I have described is sufficient. 216 Addenda, The managers wish to extend thanks to all the students and students of the University who have so kindly assisted us in the Art and other departments. Our thanks are especially due to Fred Irish, of Dubuque, formerly of ' 93, to Miss Bessie Parker, ' 93, and Miss Bertha Horak, ' 94, for very timely assistance rendered in the Art Department. Our gratitude is also due to the Binner Engraving Co., of Milwaukee, for excel- lent and expeditious work, and to the Republican Co. for the care and attention they have given to the printing of the book, and the desire they have shown to give us all possible assistance in issuing the book on time. The following was omitted from Medical history through oversight by writer: • In 1875 Dr. E. H. Hazen, of Davenport, who had given lectures on Ophthalmology and Otology since the opening of the Department, resigned, and Dr. C. M. Hobby, who had held the position of Demonstrator of Anatomy, was appointed to fill the vacancy. Dr. Hobby resigned in 1889 and the place has since been filled by Dr. J. W. Dalbey. The biographical sketch of Professor McBride is incomplete and should read as follows: Born in 1848. Student in Lenox College. Monmouth College, 1869, A. 13: Instructor Mathematics -and Science, Lenox, 1871-73. Professor same institution, Mathematics and German, 1873-78. Assistant Professor Natural Science, S. U. 1878-84. Professor of Botany, 1884 . 217 TABLE OF CONTENTS. Page Alumni Association, - - - - 140 Athletic Association, - - - 154 A College Reminiscence, - - 166 A Humorist ' s Perplexity, - 183 Board of Editors, Board of Regents, 8 Beta Theta Pi, 111 Baconian Club, 135 Banjo and Guitar Club, - - 146 Base Ball, 157 Boat Club, 158 Breaks, 202 Collegiate Department, - - 9 Conversation Club, - - - - 141 Comedia etc., 163 Characteristic Expressions, - 196 Dental Department, - - 78 Delta Tau Delta, 116 Delta Gamma, 126 Declamatory Contest, - 147 Delsarte Club, 141 Differences, 160 Erodelphian Society, - - 1 03 Engineering Society, - - - 128 Freshman Class, 30 Freshman Dental Class, - - 85 First Year Medical Class, - - 64 First Year Homeopathic Medical Class, 75 Freshman Ocarina Quartette, 147 Field Day, 154 Foot Ball, 156 Friendship, 175 Homeopathic Medical Department, 67 Hesperian Society, 105 Holbrook Prize, 147 Helen ' s Way, 177 Hawkeye Advertisements, - 191 In Memoriam, 98 Irving Institute, 107 Junior Class, . 22 Junior Law Class, - - 46 Junior Dental Class, - - - 84 Junior Pharmacy Class, 95 Kalendar, 206 Kappa Kappa Gamma, 122 Page Law Department, 36 Lecture Bureau, 134 Lecture on the Brain, - 193 Medical Department, - - -50 My Messenger, 181 Oratorical Association, - - 136 Oratorical Contest, - - - - 147 Opinions of Seniors, - - - - 188 Pharmacy Department, - - - 89 Phi Kappa Psi, 114 Phi Delta Theta, 118 Pi Beta Phi, 125 Phi Kappa Psi Quartette, - - 146 Pure Women, 190 Resident Graduates, - - 17 Senior class, 18 Senior Law Class, 42 Senior Dental Class, - - 81 Senior Pharmacy Class, - - - 93 Sophomore Class, - - - - 26 Second Year Medical Class, - 61 Second Year Homeopathic Medical Class, 73 Special Students, 35 S. U. I. Band, 145 State Field Day, 155 Spenserian, 169 Sonnet, 176 Seminaries, 129 Third Year Medical Class, - - 58 Third Year Homeopathic Medical Class, 71 T. W. V., 146 The Library, 148 The Twins ' Dream, - - - - 182 The Refrain of the Funny Editor, 187 The Seniors, 199 The Zoology Student ' s Dream, 198 Tribulations of Mr. Stagg, - 172 University Battalion, - - - 143 University Publications, - - 150 Vision of Kodaks, - - - - 214 What Brightened the Day For Me, 161 Y. M. C. A., 137 Y. W. C ' A., 139 Zetagathi an Society, - 100 218 yl Richmond Straight Gut No. 1 CIGARETTES are made from the brightest, most delicately flavored and highest cost GOLD LEAF grown in Virginia. This is the OLD AND ORIGINAL BRAND OF, STRAIGHT CUT Cigarettes, and was brought out by us in the, year 1875. Beware of Imitations, and observe that the firm name as below is on every package. 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LOWEST PRICES. 221 TEE MOBT 1i eT Tess Goods, Novelties and Ladies ' Furnishings WOE NEPIRINB ' WEAR IM AT Leading One Price Dry Goods House. sf r IS HEADQUARTERS FOR ALL TEXT-BOOKS AND SCHOOL SUPPLIES. TEXT-BOOKS SOLO FIT LOWEST PRICES. LEE CO 24 Clinton Street, Opposite the Campus. Also agents VietorY and Columbia I3ieyeles. IOWA CICY C. 0. D. SCUM LAUNDRY, t 0 Remodeled and newly furnished with new and improved machinery. We have special facilities for doing fine work--laces, lace curtains, lars, cuffs, etc. We solicit the patronage of the students and guarantee satisfaction. Corner Iowa Auenue and Linn Strcet. A. T. CALKINS, Proprietor. T IE 222 BLOOM MAYER ARE HEADQUARTERS FOR FINE Tailor Made Clothing. The Largest Stock in Iowa to select from. Our orcAant cziZoring apartment Is replete with all the no-celties from the best looms in, tIle ALL THE LATEST STYLES pats, Qaps, apd FLIMISI)ify (pods RECEIVED AS FAST AS FASHION DICTATES. 7ViS, n rY‘NA‘I will find our UNIFORMS superior to any, ti?ey being of our own manufacture and are perfect in fit and guaranteed never to fade. 13lioot MAYER. 224 Wholesale and Manufacturing a Specialty Special Attention ,given to Orders Sc. J•EI►tE.•li•13,Y Eastern Salesrooms, 67 Friendship Street, PROVIDENCE, R. I. Western Office and Salesrooms, Corner College and Dubuque IOWA CITY, IOWA. WATERBLMY, SETH THOMAS AND WELCH. IMPORTERS AND JOBBERS IN Factory, corner Friendship and Eddy Streets, Watcltes, ovelties and aterials, Roder0 BroJ. ' and Win. Ro( ' )erJ ' SjiconJ, For 6, pRicE FOUR POINTS tte,ad f Pm11 Corapl, iti on., 1 Assortment, St 4,e Price. 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Twelve Practical, Experienced Teachers give instruction in the following courses: Business, University Preparatory, ENGLISH AND NORMAL, SHORT-HAND AND TYPE WRITING. Send for Catalogue. WILLIS WILLIAMS, Proprietors. 227 W. E. SHRADERto THE FINEST GOODS ONLY CORNER CLINTON AND COLLEGE STS. Iowa Om packing 41 priovioloq Oo, 13011. Finest Quality Smoked Meat and Family Lard. Also a Full Line of Fresh Meat. Send for Price List. CITY, - - IC C7.7A. P. S. --- For the convenience of our patrons we have opened a MEAT MARKET at 120 College Street, for the retail trade. DREKA Fine StathArg and Engraving House, 1121 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia. COLLEGE INVITATIONS CLASS STATIONERY FRATERNITY STATIONERY PROGRAMMES, BADGES WEDDING INVITATIONS VISITING CARDS BANQUET MENUS DIPLOMAS AND MEDALS STEEL PLATE WORK FOR FRATERNITIES, CLASSES AND COLLEGE ANNUALS. All work is executed in the establishment under the personal supervision of Mr. Dreka and only in the best manner. 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SATISFRCTICN GUARANTEED MURPHY FLANNAGAN, Props. • ine 0 .ct .iorper9, :Notions, Fishing Taellle, Base Ball eutleiim Boos, ancl Optical goods, At Lower Prices than any other house can give for same grades, at the Old Reliable FINK ' S BAZAAR. 229 WC TS is in tile lead for 7I P,71,07 :Ps Group an4 Glass pictures are tile Zest. Zee Aim CLINTON STREET UPSTAIRS. Earget and Complete Stock of pllsomthgNam TINT) BLANK Stationer u, Notions, Goods, General Seliool Supplies, at the Pioneer Book ® Store OF IIE NIES, 117 Washington Street, IOWA CITY, IOWA. 230 . . E 1. debveler ar?d Optician Dealer in Pianos, Organs, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry and Silverware. Repairing and Engraving a Specialty. CM= S 106 AND CLINTON STREET, IOWA CITY, IOWA. James, hoto rapher 126 CLINTON STREET, GROUND FLOOR. Satisfaction Guaranteed. Class Work a Specialty. We make Crayon and Pastel Portraits from any small picture. Fancy Pictures in endless variety. 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We carry one of the largest stocks of Dry Goods and Notions in the city. We can please you in Underwear, Hosiery, Umbrellas, Gossamers, Hand- kerchiefs, Dress Goods and Trimmings. All we ask is for you to look at them, you will buy ours sure. Our aim is to please you in Price and Qual- ity. We also sell Carpets and Rugs at prices that defy competition. Please give us a call. 118 CLINTON STREET. PRATT TRY STEWART IOWA CITY Omnibus Line. a t4, a3 a cjcjacje, tzaw revce.., -, s-,- tO Cava., .rrom a Cf t t ctitv:). _Hacks furnished at all hours, day or night, for city calls. Telephones. Nos. 4 and 8G. C. M. BYERS, 232 The Encyclopaedia Britannica. N1NTI-I EDITION. • This is the famous Allen Reprint, that reproduces every word, cut, illustration and map of the latest plates of the original English Edition. Don ' t be deceived by some mutilated, emasculated edition of the tanica, like the Pearle Edition, that omits all the American copyrighted articles, nor that other literary monstrosity, the so-called " Americanized Brittanica, " that omits three-fourths of the regular Brittanica—a work made to sell newspapers and its all too credulous subscribers. Enquire for the Allen Reprint and buy none other. We furnish with this grand reproduction of the Brittanica proper, rive large tine volumes of the " American Supplements, " at the same price per volume, bound uniform with the regular edition. Heavy English cloth, imitation half Russia, in green and gold, at $1.50 per volume, $45 for the 30 volumes. Half Russia, gilt back, at $2 per volume, $60 for the 30 volumes. Half Russia, extra heavy, $2.50 per volume, $75 for the 33 volumes. Sheep, $2.50 per volume, $75 for the 30 volumes. Half Morocco, gilt bands and beveled sides, $3 per volume, $90 for the 30 volumes. The set can be paid for in installments, one-fourth down and the balance in two, four, and six months, without interest. THE HENRY G. ALLEN CO., 122 Wabash Ave., Chicago, M. THE WE WEBSTER ' S MCII ANY A GRAND INVESTMENT FOR FAMILY OR SCHOOL. WEBSTER ' S INTERNATIONAL DICTIONARY The Authentic Webster ' s Unabridged Dictionary, comprising issues of 1864, ' 79, and ' 84, (still copyrighted), has been thoroughly revised and enlarged, under the supervision of Noah Porter, D.D., LL.D., of Yale University, and as a distinguishing title, be era I he name WEESTER ' S International Dictionary. of revh.ion occupied over ten yens s, more than a hundr•o torial laborers having been employee, and over 8:300,001) expended before the first copy was prim ed. Every page has been treated as if t he book was now published for the first tine. Critical comparison with any other Dictionary is invited. Sold by all Bookse ' l3rs.—Descriptive Tree on application. Caution is needed in purchasine a dictionary, as photographic reprints of an obso- lete and ,sanparatively worthless edition of Webster are being marketed under various names and often by misrepresentation. GET THE BEST. The International, which bears. the imprint of C. et C. MERRCAill a. CO., Publishers, Springfield, Mass., U. S. A. 233 DOW (OF CHICAGO) I VID1-,]RIAL P.IVa Sfrenglth E7ergiser With Book of Instructions, containing 40 Athletic Cuts and One Chart of Exercises. those who use it, drugs and medicines are forever expelled. It drives disease from the system. It restores and maintains health and strength. It makes the weak strong. It makes the youth as an ;adult in strength. It is the chant ' s, clerk ' s, professional ' s, student ' s and sedentary people ' s safeguard to health and vigor. It is of ble value to people whose tion requires them to sit all the time. Nickel and Brass will not tarnish. Weight may be graded from five to twenty pounds. Every youth should use it to build up a good and permanent physical foundation. Every father or mother should sist upon its use by the young. The work is fascinating, and will engage the youth when no other form of ercise will. It can be suspended from the door casing, window casing or partition. It is ornamental. It creates graceful movements of the body. It imparts fullness to every member of the body. It is the prime factor for dispensing health and strength. It is superior to any now made, and equal to the double, or two combined for use at one time. No. 3. Plain, complete, $5.00 No. 2. Polished and bright Nickel, $7.50. No. 1. Polished and Brass Plate, $10.00. WHAT IT WILL CURE Is—Incipient Consumption, Paralysis, cular Contraction, l)yspepsia, Rheumatism, Weak Back, Weak Sides, Insomnia, and Muscular Atrophy or Emaciation. It will straighten the shoulders and crooked limbs, and correct minor deformities. The Book. " Health and Strength in Physical Culture, " containing 40 athletic cuts, given free with each Exerciser. Price, 50 cts. Ladies ' Book, and for people with " thin faces, small arms and chests; " " An Ideal Complexion and Facial Fullness, " 39 illustrations, 50 cents, or both books ordered at one time, 75 cents. The latter book will be sent for 25 cents additional upon purchase of an Exerciser. Send money by draft, postal note, money order or stamps. Checks must be 15 cents additional for exchange. Address, Charts for Dumb Bells J. E. Dowd, 146 Monroe St., Chicago, Ill. or Pulleys, 25 cents. 234 • THE STMT. [J XI ERSITY OF IOWA COMPRISING THE FOLLOWING DEPARTMENTS: Collegiate Department, Law Department, Medical Department. Homeopathic Medical Department, Dental Department, Pharmaceutical Department. The combined Faculties include thirty-sever? Professors, twelve Lecturers and twenty-nine Instructors, Demonstrators and Assistants; altogether seventy-eight engaged in the work of instruction. The number of students enrolled during the current year is over nine hundred. There is no Preparatory Department connected with the University. For further information regarding the several Departments address the of the Otate Univerisitg of IoWa, Iowa City, Iowa. 1 6 235 IOWA ROUTE N.Grok ' l CEDAR RAPIDS 4,40 RC )1000 Miles of lood IOWA, IN MINNESOTA OPERATING ovEa AND- SOUTH DAKOTA SOLID TRAINS BETWEEN Chicago, Minneapolis and St. Paul Via the Famous Albert Lea Route. St. Louis, and St. Paul Via St. Louis, Minneapolis St. Paul Short Lino. AND Through Sleepers and Chair Cars BETWEEN CHICAGO, CEDAR RAPIDS AND SIOUX FALLS, S. D. CHICAGO AND CEDAR RAPIDS Via the Famous Albert Lea Route. THE SHORT LINE To SPIRIT LAKE The Great Iowa Summer Resort. For Railway and Hotel Rates, Pamphlets find all information, General Ticket and Passenger Agent. FOR CHEAP HOMES On line of this road in Northwestern Iowa, Southwestern Minnesota, and South Dakota, where drought and crop failures are unknown. Thousands of choice acres of laud yet unsold. Local Excursion rates given. For full mation as to prices of land and rates of fare, address General Ticket and Passenger Agent. All of the Passenger Trains on all Divisions of this Railway are heated by Steam from the engine, and the Main Line Day Passenger Trains are lighted with the Electric Light. Maps, Time Tables, Through Rates and all formation furnished on application to Agents. Tickets on sale over this route at all prominent points in the Union, and by its Agents, to all parts of the United States and Canada. For announcements of Excursion Rates, and local matters of interest, please refer to the local columns of this paper. C. J. IVES, J. E. HANNEGAN, Frost and Gent Supt. Gen 1 Tkt. and Pase ' r CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA. 236 tog mom 6 Tioco,)o, WOOID ENGRAVING, Zinc Etching, Photo Engraving, Hari Photo Gravures, Electrotyping, Stereotyping, Etc. TH:S BOOK WAS ILLUSTRATED BY ' 4 BIN 1 FR El GRAVING COMPAN 7v: ILIAL ALT ECM a, 237 • FACTORY : 2 WARREN STREET, NEW YORK. .C:1 WABASH AVENUE, CHICAGO. HARTFORD, CONH A copy of the most elegant bicycle catalogue ever issued, descriptive of our new styles for 1892, will be sent to any address on receipt of three two-cent stamps. POPE MFG. CO. 221 COLUMBUS AVENUE, BOSTON, MASS. j, 1,11,1,104 ' f.4 V119 a. UNACQUAINTED WITH THE GEOGRAPHY OF THE COUNTRY, WILL OBTAIN MUCH VALUABLE INFORMATION FROM A STUDY OF THIS MAP OF Pond Ci. GREAT . N D I N „r4o„or Kingfisher PanIH dl TERRY. A R K. AIK:uqueflud i EL RENO 1 •MEN.;ICOITEXA Eufaula ° " Kilelen siK, B. Eras.. K,idesiTh THE CHICAGO, ROCK MUM PAC190 RAILWAY, The Direct Route to and from Chicago, Joliet, Ottawa, Peoria, La Salle, Moline, Rock Island, in ILLINOIS—Davenport, Muscatine, Ottumwa, loosa, Des Moines, Winterset, Audubon, Harlan and Council Bluffs, in and St. Paul, in MINNESOTA—Watertown and Sioux Falls, in DAKOTA—Cameron, St. Joseph and Kansas City, in Omaha, Lincoln, Fairbury and Nelson, in NEBRASKA—Atchison, worth, Horton, Hutchinson, Wichita, Belleville, Abilene, Dodge City, Caldwell, in KANSAS—Kingfisher, El Reno and Minco, in the INDIAN TERRITORY—Denver, Colorado Springs and Pueblo, in COLORADO. erses new areas of rich farming and grazing lands, affording the best ities of intercommunication to all towns and cities east and west, west and southwest of Chicago, and to Pacific and trans-oceanic seaports. IVIACNIFICENT VESTIBULE EXPRESS TRAINS, Leading all competitora in splendor of equipment, between Chicago and Denver, via DES MOINES, COUNCIL BLUFFS, OMAHA and LINCOLN, and between CHICAGO and DENVER, COLORADO SPRINGS and PUEBLO. via KANSAS CITY and TOPEKA, end via ST. JOSEPH. First-Class Day Coaches, FREE RECLINING CHAIR CARS, and Palace sleepers, with Dining Car Service. Close connections at Denver and Colorado Springs with ing railway lines, now forming the new and picturesque STANDARD GAME, TRAKS-FIOCKY ROUTE, Over which superbly equipped trains run daily THROUGH WITHOUT CHANGE to and from Salt Lake City, Ogden and San Francisco. The Direct and Favorite Line to and from Manitou, Pike ' s Peak, and all other sanitary and scenic resorts and cities and mining districts of Colorado DAILY FAST EXPRESS TRAINS From St. Joseph and Kansas City to and from all important towns, cities, ana sections in Southern Nebraska, Kansas and the Indian Territory. Also via ALBERT LEA ROUTE from Kansas City and Chicago to Watertown, Sioux Falls, MINNEAPOLIS and ST. PAUL, connecting for all points North and Northwest, between the Lakes and the Pacific Coast. For Tickets, Maps, Folders, or desired information, apply to any Coupon Ticket Office in the United States or Canada, or address E. ST. JOHN, JOHN SEBASTIAN General Manager. CHICAGO, ILL. Gen ' l Ticket and Pass. Agent. A. C. COWPERTHW.AITE, N.D., IOWA CITY, IOWA. Office No. 12 North Clinton Street. Telephone No. 15. Residence No. 429 North Clinton Street. Telephone No. 16. Office Hours, 8:30 to 10:00 A. M. 2.00 to 4:00 P. M. F. J. NEWBERRY, M.D. Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat. No. 12 N. CLINTON ST. CITY, Telephone, Office 15, Residence 46. (10 to 12 A. m. Hours: 3 to 5 P. M. Dr. LEORA JOHNSON, Diseases of Women and Children. 22 N. Clinton St. lows City, la. Office Hours, from 9 to 11 A. M., from 3 to 5 P. M. Telephone No. 32. B. PRICE, D.D.S. 108% CLINTON STREET, IOWA CITY, IOWA. Dr. M. B. COCHRAN, Office HOUr.9: :30 to 11:30 A. :IL Office 28% Dubuque Street. 1:30 to 4:30 P. Residence 230 E. Bloomington. 240 RAKER_ BALL, Attorneys at Law. 106 COLLEGE STREET, IOWA CITY, _IOWA. C. S. RANCK. ALL WADE. RANCK WADE, Attorneys at Law. No. 210 Clinton St., Opera House Block, Ground Floor. IOWA CITY, IOWA. F. H. NOVAK, Attorney at Law, Real Estate and Loan Broker IOWA CITY, IOWA. OFFICE: 123 WASHINGTON ST. W. F. LOIIR. F. W. LOHR. LOHR LOHR, Attorneys at Law. R00:11 21, BOLTON BLOCK. SIOUX CITY, IOWA. MILTON REMLEY, Attorney at Law. OFFICE No. 111 S. CLINTON ST. IOWA CITY, IOWA. EWING BAILEY, Real Estate and Law Office. IOWA CITY, 241 • coAsp J nigh IA Clothiers. ' ( Make a Specialty of ADLER BROS., line of Tailor Made ' Suits, which have won their way into popular favor because of their Unvarying High Quality and Moderate Cost. We are headquarters for University Military Suits. Dayia P MUTED. arat biuquattO L tyltt 4 Doors South of Post Office. IOWA CITY, IOWA. POSTER Le JZ, I SL RY. • Fine Turnouts a Specialty, Freight Transfer in Connection. All orders left at office will receive prompt attention. Charges Reasonable. No. 22.. Big Stables Opposite City Hall, Washington St. IOWA CITY, IOWA. FRANK K. STEBBINS, 2=C1._.1 IN Fresh and Salt eats, thalitv Always the test. Corner Dubuque Street and Iowa Avenue. amac °tel. The Leading of the City. $2 oo Per Day IrsL I 1—UTTON. F201= ' • 24i �. 4 -00.4 ... . t ... - ......................... ��� �• ' � ”
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