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Page 15 text:
1IIK I 'niverxity of Georgia is often referred to ns tin- oldest Stull- I'liiversity. This title, however, is disputed l»y South Caro-liim College and IViiiisylvnnia I niversity. 'I’lle fuels iiiv thnt while IViinsylvniiia is among tin- oldest -olleges in the I'liited Slates it was stnrteil and operab-d for some lime on the private endowment of William Penn: while Smith Carolina o| ened some years liefore Georgia. Georgia's eharter antedates hers l»v several years. Georgia therefore deserves the title of the oldi st Stale t'niveisitv.
As early as IS74. only a few months after the State was fnv from British troo| s. the I'niveisity of Georgia was chartered. Though the puhlie men of the time wen eon-fronted hy tin- manifold diflieiilties of forming a new government. they put these aside for awhile and turned their attention to Induration. Realizing that dt-iiineraev and edueation go hand in hand, and that "the existence of free governments very initeh dc|H-ndx upon suitably forming the minds ami morals of their eitizeus.” the legislature of 1S74 M-t aside 20.000 aen-s of land in each of the two new eounties (Franklin and Washington) to la- devoted to a puhlie seal of learning.
This, tile sole endowment of the I'liiversity. was plaeed ill the hands of a lxiard of trusted and a hoard of visitors, ami from that time on the I'liiversity was at least an institution "on paper." The author of this hill and of the eharter of the I'liiversity was Ahralmm Baldwin, whose efforts for the I'liiversity in its early life have gained him the name of tin- Father of the I'liiversity.
The hoards of Trustees and Visitors failed to meet Ik--tween tile time of their ap|Miinliiient and the year 17!K. n period of fourteen years, with the exeeptioii of one time when notliing was done. In the meantime, however, parts of the 4H. M 0 acres of land were lieing leased, ami at the meeting of the trustees in 17the treasurer reported ikfiOd.OO eash on hand and about $7000.00 in imti-s. This
A Historical Sketch
wiis considered enough to allow the hoard to la-gin work, and accordingly the subjivt of erecting a building whs taken up at tin next meeting.
In tin spring of 1 SOI tin Hoard of Trustees appointed a committee to se|«-t n site for tlu Cniversity. with instrne. lions that it Is- in Jackson County. On this eonnnitce whs John Millrdge. the mini for whom Millcdge Hall (common-ly known ns Old College) was iinnied. ami from whom Milh-dgcvillc. the old cnpitol. .Millcdge . veil lit , mid the Milledgc Chair of Ancient hanpiap's take their names. John Millcdge. ever ready to advance the interests of the Cniversity. la night tWJ acres of land and presented it to the Cniversity on condition that it Is- selected ns u pcruia-iient site. This land situated then in Jnckson County, now in Clarke, was accepted hv the Hoard in July of 1S01. Josiali Meigs was elected tile lirst President and from that time on the Cniversity passed from the ’ pmsjrcctnx stage" Jo a slap of permanent ami active I aim-fit to the State. Though Old College was not completed for some time the Cniversity was formally o|h ii«hI to the young men of tin State in tin Call of 1S01. Cor these liist few years the instruction was carried on under the trees of the Campus and in tciii|mrnry loir structures, without the aid of apparatus or library.
The growth of the Cniversity was slow during these lirst few years, tile graduating class varying from four to nine. Hy IStll, however, the enrollment luid reached 125. During the mite-helium periisl the Cniversity was run hy rules which Josiali .Meigs drew up. based on the strict rules ol the English Schools. The stmleuls were required to stay in quarters assigm-il to them, they were required to ki-ep fixed hours, to eat at “commons” that is. wore required to eat at tile “beanery"). ami to conform to other rules which would la- very galling in this day and time. In short, there wits strict xiijtcrvisioii over the students, with the faculty as | olicc. This system caused a dissension in the faculty. Iii the fifties some of the young professors la-gan to hold mialeni ideas of self-su|M r ‘isiou for university
Page 14 text:
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