United Colleges - Vox Yearbook (Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada)

 - Class of 1931

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United Colleges - Vox Yearbook (Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada) online yearbook collection, 1931 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 100 of the 1931 volume:

iUix Vol. IV. June, 1931 No. 3 UNITED COLLEGES WINNIPEG, MAN. (grabmttum Humfor jttanitoba {Hntoersitp (The Provincial University of Manitoba) Offers to students seeking general cultural or professional training the following courses: Through its FACULTY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE, and with the co-operation of AFFILIATED COLLEGES, courses leading to the degrees of B.A. and M.A.: B.Sc. (Phar.) and M.Sc. Through its FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE, courses leading to the degrees of B.Sc. (C.E.), B.Sc. (E.E.), M.Sc. and B. Arch. Through its FACULTY OF MEDICINE, courses leading to the degrees of M.D. and C.M. Through its FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS, courses leading to the degree of B.S.A. and B.Sc. (H.Ec.) Through MANITOBA LAW SCHOOL, conducted in co-operation with the Law Society of Manitoba, a course leading to the degree of LL.B. For terms of admission, details of courses and other information apply to: W. J. SPENCE, Registrar, UNIVERS ITY OF MANITOBA. Winnipeg, Man. Business Education Pays ESPECIALLY “ Success” Training Scientifically directed individual instruction and a high standard of thoroughness have resulted in our enrollment of more than 2,000 day and evening students. A record unequalled in Canada. STUDY SHORTHAND AND TYPEWRITING BUSINESS COLLEGE LIMITED PORTAGE AVENUE at EDMONTON STREET Phone 25 843 PATRONIZE VOX ADVERTISERS Campbell Studios Official Photographer to Brown and Gold SPECIAL REDUCTIONS IN PRICES TO STUDENTS Phone 21 901 for Appointment 280 HARGRAVE STREET After the Concert You Are Assured Tempting Refreshments in Beautiful Surroundings at Hratluuaitr’s Tea Rooms and Soda Fountain “We Aim to Provide the Best’’ of Success WHEN YOU USE THE Products or LUNCHES - DINNERS AFTERNOON TEAS Service Portage Ave. and Vaughan St. Open to 12 p.m. of Arrangements mag be made for Private Parties Telephone 23 351 JL icardy Phone 24 044 224 Notre Dame Ave. MAIN STORE Composition Groups a Specialty Special Discount Given to Students MEYERS STUDIOS LIMITED LARGEST PHOTOGRAPHIC ORGANIZATION IN CANADA Lafayette Studios 484 Portage AVe., Winnipeg New Hollywood Studios Regina.. 2 VOX PERMANENT EXECUTIVE Class ’31 PROF. A. L. PHELPS, Honorary President RJ STAPLES, Senior Stick LUELLA J. SPRUNG, Lady Stick vox Vol. IV. JUNE, 1931 No. 3 Editorial Staff Honorary Editor _ Editor-in-Chief _ Ladies’ Editor _ Associate Editor _ Literary Editor _ Religious Editor__ Exchange and Review _ Athletic Editors _ Bulletin Board Editors _ Alumni Editor _ Editor of ' Trie Tics_ Business Manager_ Assistant Business Manager Class Representatives ...Prof. G. B. King, M.A., B.D., Ph.D. ...Hartley J. Harland, B.A., Theo., ’33 ...Jean Newman, ’32 (Hons.) .. Brockwell C. King, ' 33 ...Thomas A. Payne, ’33 ...Stanley H. Knowles, B.A., Theo., ’33 Robert J. Love, B.A., Theo., ’33. |Keith Clarke, ’31 | Marjorie Hopkins, ’31 i L. Grant Bragg, ' 32 ) Ida E. Waines, ’31 ...Mr. A. D. Longman, B.A. -C. B. Ramsay, Matrics . BARNEY THORDARSON, ' 31 . M. Ray Loree, ’33 B. Harold Stinson, ’31 1 Lillian Racey, ’32 Gilbert D. Box, ’33 Ross MacLean, ' 34 Kenneth Leatherdale, Gr. XII I MARGARET DUFF, MATRICS GhmtentH EDITORIAL DR. ELLIOTT, LL.D. BACCALAUREATE SERMON. DOCTORS OF DIVINITY. VALEDICTORIES. GRADUATION NOTICES. THE YEAR IN PICTURES. A SERIES OF COMMENTS BY QUIDDERS. THE POLICY AND PROGRAMME OF WESLEY COLLEGE. ALUMNI ARTICLES. 4 VOX EDITORIAL Graduation “Ye have not passed this way heretofore.” FTER four or more years together another group of Arts graduates leave the halls of Wesley College. One might make this a time of reflection upon what those years of college life and studies have meant for us, and might, as the mood drove us, write a eulogistic or disparaging comment on the worth of a uni¬ versity education. The look of the recent graduate is, however, forward rather than backward. Whether we have made full use of our college years or go out from the university poorer than when we entered it. having frittered away some of the most precious years of our life; whether we have missed the real aim of a university education and still have to learn how to think; whether we have just slipped through by the grace of the powers that be or graduate with honors—yet each of us, as the word ' ‘graduation” implies, takes now a new step. Before lies a fresh world, a life very different from any¬ thing we have experienced before. Even if we return to the home town and its activities, we will find that we are not the same beings who left it four years ago. How we shall live this new life, what we shall do with it or what it} will do to us, will depend much on how we have lived our college years. Yet not entirely, or despair only would front some of us. In the future lies too the opportunity to retrieve our mistakes. On Getting in Shape H HE absence of the laurels which accompany the winning of championships is felt keenly within our faculty this year. Some may account for this lack of success by saying that the goddess Luck chose not to hold toward us her golden sceptre—-others may suggest that we were outplayed, that we need to get into condi¬ tion, to develop more team play, and thus make our prowess effective. In any case, should the sceptre of Good Luck point our way during the coming season, it would be well to add the strength that comes from good playing to good luck, the two being necessary to regain our former high mark of achievement. The two competitions in the autumn into which we enter whole¬ heartedly are track and soccer. With a little extra effort both trophies may be won. The track captain is now laying plans to challenge, we hope successfully, the position so long held by the Meds. We can win if we but put forth the effort necessary for summer training. Last season the coveted Senior Soccer Shield left our halls after being here for four years. The Aggies won last year because they out¬ played us. We must put forth an extra effort this coming year to regain vox 5 the shield. Several of our strongest men will not be back, so new players must be developed. In the Junior competition we face added difficulty. In the past this team has included several Matrics; but now as the new ruling of the U.M.S.U. limits players to those who are “fully matric¬ ulated,” we lose the use of all but Grade XII of the Collegiate depart¬ ment. This will cause a greater demand than ever for new players—so get into shape during the summer and come out and practise hard next fall—you will be needed. United Colleges are out to capture the trophies in both track and soccer events. Re ready to do your part. We hope for good luck which is, however, chiefly good management and hard work. A Word From the Editor behalf of the Vox staff I should like to express our gratitude for the privilege which has been ours during the past year of editing the college magazine. We have endeavored to discharge our duty we u an( ] t 0 g a i n m uch valuable experience while in this way doing our part in student activity. We have endeavored to make each of our three issues such that it would appeal in some way to each branch of student life. The extent to which we have been suc¬ cessful in this remains with our readers as a whole to judge. The Editor personally wishes to thank the several members of the staff for the willing and efficient manner in which they have played their different roles in the production of the magazine. The staff has co-operated thoroughly in each of our endeavors. We wish also to thank every one who has even in a small way contributed to our measure of success. A college magazine must reflect the ideas of the students through their contributions. While at times these contributions have not come in quite as promptly as we should have wished, we can truth¬ fully say that the support of the student body has been sincerely good. With the production of this number the present staff gives place to a better one, one which has reaped experience from our failings and is ready to advance from where it receives the charge. Several of the old executive have been given positions on the new—the new executive being a development, a progressive of the old. The new Editor-in-chief, Mr. Payne, has acted during the past year as Literary Editor, and has proven his proficiency in literary lines to be of no mean degree. Beside the many contributions we have published that bear his initials, he has captured a prize open to all theological students in Western Canada with an essay entitled “The Minister and the Rural Problem.” Mr. Payne is business-like and efficient, and we bespeak for him the loyal support and co-operation of the student body which we have appreciated throughout the year 1930-31. Again we thank you for the privilege of acting as Editor for one term, realizing in doing so one of our chief ambitions for our college career. Our best wishes remain with our successor. ----- •— + Vox congratulates the winners of the following awards: Wtsh ij ©nlteijr Amarus First Year PRINCIPAL SPARLING SCHOLARSHIP (General Proficiency) John H. Linford ANDREW STEWART SCHOLARSHIP (General Proficiency) Beth O. Carpenter H. W. HUTCHISON SCHOLARSHIP (Pre-Engineering) Cecilia Smillie E. LOFTUS SCHOLARSHIP William Rutherford Second Year J. H. ASHDOWN SCHOLARSHIP Lillian M. Rennie HART A. MASSEY SCHORLASHIP Colin E. Jack D. K. ELLIOTT SCHOLARSHIP Brockwell C. King LOGIE BUTCHART BURSARY Florence Wylie and George M. F. Marshall MATRICULATION Grade Twelve Colin E. Jack Grade Eleven John H. Linford Grade Ten Richard O. Schuetze Hanitnba (Unlink Attmrbs Third Year ! MEDAL AND ROBERT ANDERSON SCHOLARSHIP J. Scott Leith MARY PERINE TAIT SCHOLARSHIP John D. McKenzie, B.A. RUTH R. WINCHESTER SCHOLARSHIP CLIFFORD S. MATCHETT, B.A. W. A. MATHESON SCHOLARSHIP (Religious Education) J. W. O. Mather, B.A. First Year JOHN RALPH KING SCHOLARSHIP Stanley H. Knowles, B.A. ROBERT CARSWELL SCHOLARSHIP (Hebrew) Hartley J. Harland, B.A. ROBERT CARSWELL SCHOLARSHIP (Greek) SAMUEL J. B. PARSONS JAMES WATT AND JOHN BLACK SCHOLARSHIPS W. M. Hughes, B.A. W. W. Conly, B.A. L. C. Stinson, B.A. DEACONESS COURSE Awards to Mae H. Prescott and Floris J. Olsen PRIZES IN PUBLIC SPEAKING AND READING First Year S. H. Knowles and L. C. Stinson Second Year (Nixon Prize) J. E. Clark Third Year (W. R. Ross Book Prize) J. S. Leith and J. D. McKenzie C. R. CROWE MEMORIAL PRIZE for essay on “Mysticism and the Hope of Immortality” J. D. McKenzie ROBERTSON MEMORIAL PRIZE for essay on “The Minister and the Rural Problem’’ Thomas a. Payne llttteratg nf Manitoba Awarbo ISBISTER SCHOLARSHIPS First Year John H. Linford Second Year Colin E. Jack Walter C. Newman Lillian M. Rennie Third Year MARGARET J. THOMSON £ tubntt Hoby Awarbo MERIT AWARDS (Pins and Certificates) Ruth V. B. Armstrong m. E. Frances Mills Gertrude l. Bradley Allan J. Ryckman Harry H. Easton Rj Staples CLIFFORD S. MATCHETT, B.A. B. HAROLD STINSON Lawrence Swyers ATHLETIC AWARDS Certificates Ruth Armstrong H. Charles Avery Ernest A. Birkinshaw James P. Brown Marjorie O. Hopkins Isobel G. McLaren M. Evelyn Ross J. Emerson Thompson Sweaters and Crests for Co-Ed Basketball Championship MARGARET BUICK ALLISON JAMIESON Beth o. Carpenter Ethel sankey Corinne Davis Florence Wylie 8 VOX United Colleges WINNIPEG. MANITOBA under the direction of the United Church of Canada and affiliated with the University of Manitoba 3ffamlty of abmloyy 0TUDENTS are prepared, for the work of the ministry, for engaging in Religious Education and Social Service, for Deaconess and Missionary activities, for Church Secretary positions, and for leadership in Sunday Schools. 3 amity of Aria OTUDENTS are prepared for Bachelor of Arts degree, for entrance to the professional courses in Engineering, Law, Medicine, Dentistry, etc. ©ollaytata OTUDENTS are prepared for entrance to Normal, either Grade XI or Grade XII, and for Matricula¬ tion leading to Engineering, Law, Medicine, Den¬ tistry, etc. Students may begin in Grade IX in this department. For information write to the offices of the Registrars vox 9 The Late Dorothy Elizabeth Gardiner, B.A. TO WHOSE MEMORY THIS NUMBER OF “VOX” IS LOVINGLY DEDICATED D OROTHY E. L. GARDINER was born in Virden, Mani¬ toba, May 3rd, 1908, where her home was until her death, March 21st, 1931. She was the only child of Mr. and Mrs. J. Gardiner. Dorothy was the victim of an accident when her car struck ruts while driving from Areola to Virden on March 6th. Although her injuries were severe, hope was held for her recovery, and her death two weeks later was a shock to parents, relatives and friends. Endowed with a wonderful personality, Dorothy made friends wherever she went and by her unselfish, cheerful disposition won her way into the hearts of all. Dorothy entered college in the fall of 1926 and was a valued member of class 1929. A staunch supporter of her class, a good student; her love of fun and her unusual courtesy and charm—that in¬ tangible something which made her Dorothy—won for her a place in the hearts of professors, classmates and friends in the United Colleges. Graduating from Wesley in Arts ’29, Dorothy attended the Faculty of Education and at the time of her death was a member of the staff of Areola Collegiate. It is difficult to sum up Dorothy’s qualities in a few words. Hers was the impress of a noble, lovable and unique personality. Possibly a short poem by Edwin Markham can bring to us an idea of just what Dorothy meant to those who really knew her. A CREED There is a destiny that makes us brothers. None goes his way alone ' . All that we send into the lives of others Comes back into our own. I care not what his temples or his creeds One thing holds firm and fast — That into his fateful heap of days and deeds The soul of a man is cast. -K.M.H., ’29. 10 vox Dr. Elliott , LL.D We live calmly among the peer¬ less in character, but we have eyes. Staunch integrity, fidelity to DR. JAMES ELLIOTT honorable interests and withal a freshness of spirit in these friends of ours do not escape notice. The plaudits of a parading public do not often acclaim such qualities, but the appreciations of unosten¬ tatious friends steadily increase with the years. Do you recognize this man with his ready and abundant but quiet wit, with his sane sense of propor¬ tion, and with a hope that keeps youth in solution in his blood? Briefly (he would insist on that) the facts are these: early education in private, in church educational schools, and the na¬ tional schools, all in Ireland; tour years of Methodist probation in 1876 in Canada, with an addi¬ tional two years of study; gradu¬ ation from Victoria College in 1886 with the medal in phil¬ osophy; preaching in Ottawa, Kingston and Montreal with post-graduate studies under Dr. Watson at Queen’s, and a Ph.D. in 1904; a short time teaching in Wesleyan Theological College, Montreal; the call West in 1907 to Wesley College, Winnipeg, by Dr. Sparling; a D.D. from Vic¬ toria College in 1916, and now, in 1931, an LL.D. from the Uni¬ versity of Manitoba. The highest distinction in the gift of a Uni¬ versity to which he has rendered a quarter of a century of service. In all these years he never sought an appointment or an honor. Self-aggrandisement is not of his characteristics. He often quotes to one not so steady as he: The stars come nightly to the sky; The tidal wave unto the sea; Nor near nor far nor deep nor high Can keep my own away from me. And he has been building up a “self.” If he had learned a static philosophy, he might have been morose, even dyspeptic, but his philosophy is dynamic. It moves on and eventually up. Every¬ thing is in the process of becom¬ ing, and if a becoming, why not a becoming better? That at least is his hope. For this he has been a voice. If a man be but an echo, it is lamentably true that men will crowd to listen and then to re¬ echo, but if he be a voice, men will listen, and as one of his stu¬ dents aptly put it, “I’ve been thinking ever since.” So it isn’t too easy “to think it through, class,” and “to suspend judgment until you’re in possession of all the facts.” Finally, for this article, Irish (Continued on page 89) vox 11 An Address to a Graduating Class By Professor A. L. Phelps If a speaker informed you at the beginning of a twenty-minute ad¬ dress that he was going to talk about Our Prematurely Afflicted Cen¬ tury, The Story of the World, The Challenge of the Tragic, The Achievement of Culture, and The Basis of Faith, what in the world would you expect of him? The coloured balloons of rhetoric, I im¬ agine. Let us see. But first let me make the appropriate gesture towards the occasion. Dear Would-be Graduates at this Farewell: You are about to go out into this hot and silly world. After four years of more or less honest, more or less thoughtless, more or less arduous labours you are about to leave us to join that band of University Graduates who, sometimes doing other things, play poker or golf or bridge or gradually fill up the ranks of the unemployed and the University Women’s Clubs throughout the land. You are about to draw a line between one part of your lives and another part. You are about to leave a way of life to which you will look back with an increasing appreciation of its bright innocence, its unsullied and untaught irresponsibility. After to-night you will change. Inevitably something happens to you as Time draws the line for you between youth and the beginnings of maturity. But it is time to read from “Alice in Wonderland.” As I read, think of me as the Caterpillar and of yourselves, taken individually and collectively, as Alice. If you like, let Alice’s " this morning” be your freshman period of four years ago. “The Caterpillar and Alice looked at each other for some time in silence. At last the Caterpillar took the hookah out of its mouth, and addressed her in a sleepy voice. Who are you?’ said the Caterpillar. This was not an encouraging opening for a conversation. Alice replied, rather shyly, ‘I—I hardly know, sir, just at present—at least, I know who I was when I got up this morning, but I think I must have been changed several times since then.’ What do you mean by that?’ said the Caterpillar sternly. ‘Explain yourself!’ ‘I can’t explain myself, I’m afraid, sir,’ said Alice, ‘because I’m not myself, you see. ' I don’t see,’ said the Caterpillar. ‘I’m afraid I can’t put it more clearly,’ Alice replied very politely, ‘for I can’t understand it myself to begin with; and being so many different sizes in a day is very confusing.’ ‘It isn’t,’ said the Caterpillar. ‘Well, perhaps you haven’t found it so yet,’ said Alice; ‘but when you have to turn into a chrysalis—you will some day, you know—and then after that into a butterfly, I should think you’ll feel it a little queer, won’t you?’ Not a bit,’ said the Caterpillar. ‘Well, perhaps your feelings may be different,’ said Alice; ‘all I know is, it would feel very queer to me.’ 12 VOX ‘You!’ said the Caterpillar contemptuously. ‘Who are you? Which brought them back again to the beginning of the con¬ versation. Alice felt a little irritated at the Caterpillar’s making such very short remarks, and she drew herself up and said very gravely, ‘I think you ought to tell me who you are first.’ ‘Why?’ said the Caterpillar. Here was another puzzling question; and as Alice could not think of any very good reason, and as the Caterpillar seemed to be in a very unpleasant state of mind, she turned away. ‘Come back!’ the Caterpillar called after her. ‘I’ve something important to say.’ This sounded promising, certainly. Alice turned and came back again. ‘Keep your temper,’ said the Caterpillar. ‘Is that all?’ said Alice, swallowing down her anger as well as she could. ‘No,’ said the Caterpillar. Alice thought she might as well wait, as she had nothing else to do, and perhaps after all it might tell her something worth hear¬ ing. For some minutes it puffed away without speaking; but at last it unfolded its arms, took the hookah out of its mouth again, and said, ‘So you think you’re changed, do you?’ ” As I look at you I ask the Caterpillar’s question, “So you think you’re changed, do you?” and I entertain the hope that the mere fact of continuing life on this earth should enable you always to answer the Caterpillar ' s question with an exultant and not a sad affirmative. In entertaining this hope I may be going dead against fundamental psy¬ chological laws. It rarely seems possible, for instance, to make “one kind of a dog into another kind of a dog.” Yet I venture the surmise as I face you tonight: that if you ponder the topics I listed in the beginning, as you ponder, you will change, and (here I give away the fact that I am not a complete skeptic; Anatole France tells us that final skepticism im¬ plies absolute silence) you will change for the better. In other words, in talking to you in the attempt to open up these topics for you to-night, I hope to do you good. As some of you know, the phrase “our prematurely afflicted cen¬ tury” comes from Thomas Hardy. It has its setting in one of the few really noble pronouncements in contemporary literature; Hardy’s “Apology” prefaced to “Late Lyrics and Earlier.” Look for a moment at this young century we once so gayly and blatantly called Canada ' s. After all, you are of the few. You, about to graduate, are of the super-privileged classes. Yours is the rather special responsibility of seeing what is to be seen, of doing what is to be done. You know what we assume to be the special responsibility of the good swimmer in the crowd watching a drowning man struggling in mid stream. It is simply the special degree of responsibility bred out of superior knowledge and capacity. After four years at College, unless you have been fools, first, in coming, and then in staying, you possess superior knowledge and capacity. Well, look at your young century. Look at your world of 1931. I don’t mean your pretty world of 1931 just now vox 13 but your other world, the world you realize when you permit Job and the New Testament to sensitize you away from the habit of sucking soporifics out of Pollyanna and the worst parts of Browning. Let me be rashly concrete, assuming for a moment what not one half of one per cent of us does really assume, that modern warfare is a thoroughly wasteful and bad thing. You have on your hands then, for instance, the huge joke that in 1921, three years after the war to end war, the United States of America established her Citizens’ Military Training Camps which now proudly enroll, as the U.S. Assistant Secretary for War said last week, tens upon tens of thousands of the best young life of the American nation under twenty-four years of age. You know, or may know, if you choose to acquaint yourselves with the facts, that life on this planet today is amazingly interwoven and interdependent and that its underlying conditioning basis is commercial and military. This world today is not even in the careful hands of greedy but shrewd financiers, not even in the smooth and gentlemanly hands of far-seeing, self-seeking old-world diplomatists, certainly not even in the immaculate hands of the Church. The world today is simply a powder magazine for any lunatic’s match, the League of Nations being at best, no more than a sort of private police agency trying to forestall the lunatic. And if you think to fence yourself within a little place of peace, to cultivate your garden with Candide, you cannot even do that because at any moment, metaphorically or actually, a poison gas bomb may make ugly ravage among your flowers. The waste which is potential in all ignorance, stupidity, selfish acquisitiveness and anaemic or robust lusts may at any moment break into widespread expression and apall us all. I protest that this sounds merely rhetorical only to those who do not realize its truth. Henry W. Nevinson in the current issue of an English journal points my comment thus: “By Article 8 of the Versailles Treaty, Germany pledged her¬ self to disarm almost entirely, provided only that the other nations, her former enemies, disarmed in proportion. England has to some ex¬ tent reduced both her fleet and her army. For a time she reduced her air force, too. But no other nation has made the slightest attempt at reduction, much less disarmament. On the contrary, France, Italy and Poland are far more powerful in armaments than at the date of the Treaty. I have attended many Disarmament Conferences and seen they were all shams, because each nation was only anxious not to limit or reduce its own forces. More absurd still have been the Conferences to humanize war by laying down rules in the interests of mercy. It was as though two farmers who had been accustomed to burn each other’s ricks for years met together and agreed to use none but safety matches in future. I have known war for nearly forty years, and I have never known a war which was not eloquently supported by kings, rulers, and clergy, or in which men who refused to fight or spoke against the war were not persecuted with the utmost violence. Those who remember the “Pro-Boers” in the South African War or the “Con¬ scientious Objectors” in the Great War will understand. Nor do I 14 VOX believe that the account of horrors such as I could give or such as are revealed in Journey’s End and All Quiet on the Western Front, will deter the peoples of the world from war. Those who would fight like the chance of self sacrifice; those who would not fight like to hear of horrors. Where, then, is hope of peace? It might possibly be found in the apalling scale of “the next war,” when whole populations will be exterminated by poison gas, and all kings, rulers, and clergy will be included in the universal holacaust. That will silence their at¬ tempts to hound the people on to international hatred. In my own case, I have found that the more I came to know the members of a foreign nation, the better I came to like them, and the less inclined I felt to cut their heads off with a sword or to shatter their limbs with shells, or to stop their breathing with gas.” This, then, is your world. Both potentially and actually it is a tragic world if waste, potential and actual, be a constituent of the tragic idea; a world full of evil designs, stupid activity, irresponsible powers. And leaving aside the thought of modern warfare with its peculiar potentialities for widespread waste and horror, your world at peace is really not good enough. There is injustice in the courts of justice, law¬ less precedure in and about the legislative halls, self seeking and aggrand¬ isement in the Church, highly organized lying under the name of na¬ tional diplomacy, ruthless exploitation under the name of commercial expansion, all known and condoned, all part of our “present system.” •This, then, is your world. Of course we do not usually think of it in these terms. We live or try to live in the peripheral areas round about this central tragic fact. We use misbegotten religious conceptions as opiates, our second and third rate art and literature as anodynes, work and the pursuit of time as a resource (“I’ve saved ten minutes,” said the Occidental. “What do you want it for?” asked the Oriental.”) and, generally, the pleasures of satisfying the darker passions or our gentler and subtler lusts, drunken¬ nesses of various sorts, as modes of escape. We circle about, hither and thither, occupied with what we call our interests. And all the while the central fact remains, though few there be that find it. So is our world perpetuated. I suppose my second topic is in my scheme in order to deflate the rhetoric and reduce the excitement. After all, it’s a pretty old world. The story of the world is a far longer story than Lord Chesterfield thought it was when in 1739 he wrote to his son, “in Europe the two principal eras or epochs by which we reckon are from the creation of the world to the birth of Christ, which was 4000 years; and from the birth of Christ to this time, which is 1739 years.” I am not going to give you chronol¬ ogy, however. I shall not go back into geological time. I am merely go¬ ing to quote a few things to show that the story of the world is a very old, and indeed, a rather repetitious story, that our “prematurely afflicted century” is really but a pulse in the centuries’ flux. One need not go farther than Anno Domini to demonstrate that, leaving out of account War or Peace? Henry W. Nevinson, The Clarion, March, 1931, page 71. vox 15 Lord Chesterfield’s four thousand years and whatever may, or s hould be added thereto. Out of scores of available quotations, three will suffice to suggest a deflation of that eloquence which begins “There never was a time in the history of the world. . .” (1) In 115 or thereabouts one Juvenal found himself face to face with a complicating factor in the life of man perennial since man first tried to make a garden of the world. Juvenal tackled the woman problem. I cannot give you all he says in the sixth Satire but it is easy to give you enough to suggest that any risks we run to-day from having women in the world have always been run. Apparently, women have always been at least half of what is the matter with the world. Says Juvenal: “Why need I tell of the purple wraps and the wrestling oils used by the women? Who has not seen one of them smiting a stump, piercing it through and through with a foil, lunging at it with a shield, and going through all the proper motions? . . . What mod¬ esty can you expect in a woman who wears a helmet, abjures her own sex, and delights in feats of strength? . . . Yet these women are the women who find the thinnest of thin robes too hot for them: whose delicate flesh is chafed by the finest of silk tissue. . . What decency does Venus observe when she, is drunken? When she knows not one member from another, and eats giant oysters at midnight. . .drinks out of perfume bowls, while the roof spins dizzily round, the table dances and every light shows double! There is nothing that a woman will not permit herself to do, nothing that she deems shameful, when she encircles her neck with green emeralds and fastens huge pearls to her elongated ears.” Juvenal even faced the educated woman: “She lays down definitions, and discourses on morals, like a philosopher. . .The grammarians make way before her; the rhe¬ toricians give in; the whole crowd is silenced.’’ I do not quote these things to show what is the matter,with wo¬ man, but simply to show that our unsolved problem of the relations of the sexes, that fundamental warfare between the sexes which faces us everywhere beneath the surface of life today, is a very old affair. (2) My next author I shall not name. He lived in the eighteenth century and was something of an anomaly in that comfortable upper class century; he was a tragic figure. So tender was his spirit and so 1am- bently and brilliantly sane was the vision of his mind that we still de¬ fend ourselves and the vested interests of our comfortable insanities against him by calling him mad. A single quotation from him will also suggest the perennial story of the world. “But when a creature pretending to reason could be capable of such enormities, he dreaded lest the corruption of that faculty might be worse than brutality itself. He seemed, therefore, confident that instead of reason we were only possessed of some quality fitted to increase our natural vices.” G. G. Ramsay’s translation. 16 VOX (3) From the nineteenth century I should invoke Ruskin or C arlyle or Arnold: ( " Sophocles long ago Heard it on the Aegean, and it brought Into his mind the turbid ebb and flow Of human misery”), a flash from a letter of Huxley’s, a bit from poor Clough. But instead I name and quote Wordsworth; Wordsworth in a particularly pontifical and petulant mood if you like, but Wordsworth telling the story of the world. " A multitude of causes,” he says, " unknown to former times, are now acting with a combined force to blunt the discriminating powers of the mind, and, unfitting it for all voluntary exertion, to reduce it to a state of almost savage torpor. The most effective of these causes are the great national events which are daily taking place, and the increasing accumulation of men in cities where the uniformity of their occupations produces a craving for extraordinary incident. . . .When I think upon this degrading thirst after out¬ rageous stimulation, . . But I need not read on. You see my point. This “prematurely afflicted century” is just what all the centuries have been to the sensitive. And hence I may pass to my next topic, The Challenge of the Tragic, without too much worry over a definition. The word tragedy is admit¬ tedly difficult to define. It is like socialism or culture or the state of being drunk; you have the most amazing and unforseen complications on your hands the moment you desire precise finality of definition. Yet we pos¬ sess working meanings for these terms. I think the idea of waste seems persistent in our thought concerning the nature of the tragic fact; waste implying misdirection, confusion; disorder rather than order; if you go deeper, waste, seeming to imply lack of direction of any sort, an absence of that witting and loving control by a Providence, a Scheme of Things, or a God, by the assumption of which we normally comfort ourselves. However we may define the nature of the tragic element in human life, whether Aeschylus or Shakespeare or Ibsen or the New Testament may help us most in definition, the thing is there. I think in taking up its challenge we come upon sure steps towards the achievement of cul¬ ture. “Commonplace people,” says Masefield, “dislike tragedy because they dare not suffer and cannot exult.” Culture, as applie d to humanity, if we rescue the word from its sillier uses and even perhaps from Mr. Arnold, means the achievement of the highest quality possible in terms of the human element on the earth. To face the tragic—I mean by the tragic now, the total weight and implications of the anomalies, the in¬ scrutable black accidents, on the one hand, and the “moral offensive¬ ness” of the established order of our world on the other—to face the brutality, the absurdity, the waste of it all—I mean by facing it, really seeing it, accepting it—to face the tragic thus, and to go on facing it, is to learn the profoundest things that may be learned about the essential nature of the best in man. “Pour on. I will endure.” cries Lear, and for vox 17 a moment the old man is magnificent. No more do we fear for him; no longer do we pity him. He is great. It is a truism, is it not, that the greatest tragedy in art, bringing - us most crucially front up to the greatest tragedy in life, brings us also nearest to a conception of the virtue and dignity within man. After hav¬ ing been wrought upon by a great tragic work in art, we walk the streets or merely lean and gaze over a gate, caught up for a while into great¬ ness, fused into the beauty and strength of the human factor upon this earth, the apocalypse of man’s sublimity and solidarity in face of what¬ ever is the Universe for a while before our vision. Rhetoric again? Rhe¬ toric only to those who have not glimpsed the experience. Such exper¬ ience, drawing out and disciplining man’s ultimate powers, carries the secret of his finest culture. And such experience should surely suggest the grounds of faith. Faith is come at hardly by the sensitive and the thoughful. That is why in its cheaper forms it is so common among commonplace people. Per¬ haps the deepest tragedy of all we have to face in life is just herein: that this acceptance of the challenge of the tragic fact and the consequent inner extension and enrichment of life is hard to come at and seemingly as yet come at only by the few. There are so few cultured people, people who know where to be tolerant and where to be magnificently intoler¬ ant, people who are wise without bitterness, and tender without soft¬ ness, people who persuade us that they know what is in man. Yet I venture a paradox at the end. Tragedy, even this last and darkest trag¬ edy, is the great breeder of faith in man, if man faces it. As to faith in God as well? I think Shakespeare was facing that question in Hamlet and Lear at least of the tragedies. The Man of Gali¬ lee faced it in Gethsemane and “My God, my God, why hast Thou for¬ saken me?” was the voice of humanity crying for its faith. Be very sure of this at any rate. You will never win to an adequate faith in God without an adequate facing of the tragic in human life. May I remind you of my funny little topics? Our Prematurely Afflicted Century, The Story of the World, The Challenge of the Tragic, The Achievement of Culture, and The Basis of Faith. Grant B.: It’s to be a battle of wits. Alice C.: How brave of you, Grant, to go unarmed. Pat S.: Wipe off your chin. Laur. S.: Can’t It’s fastened on. Waiter: Are you Hungary? Harold S.: Yes, Siam. Waiter: Den Russia to the table and I’ll Fiji. H.S.: All right. Sweden my cof¬ fee and Denmark my bill. “It is eminently essential,” shouted Mr. Birkinshawski, “that our party should hang together.” “Hang together is right,” from the opposition front bench. “I mean,” splutters our friend, “that we should hang together in accord.” “That’s what I mean,” came again. “And in a mighty strong one, too.” “Time flies.” “You can’t. They go too fast.” 18 VOX What Will You Do With Your Education for the Kingdom of God? Rev. Alworth Eardley, B.D. John 7:17— “If any man willeth to do His will, he shall know . . . ” Some provisional definition of the Kingdom of God and of educa¬ tion are essential to any intelligent attempt to answer this question. The Kingdom of God is too big to be confined to any set of terms, but it must at least connote the creation of a God-like personality and the shared task of producing a God-controlled world. By edu¬ cation we mean the highest train¬ ing of mind and personality of which the individual is capable. It would seem on the face of it impossible that these should rep¬ resent conflicting areas, and yet a deep-rooted and long-standing suspicion of learning on the part of the Church is one of the famil¬ iar facts of history. On the one side has been the fear, often a most unworthy one, that the Church should cease to be the centre of authority. On the other side has been the very real danger of the arrogance of intellect, such an at¬ titude originating generally in the materializing of the motives for learning, and in a tendency to de¬ spise and to domineer over those who have not secured the advant¬ ages of education. In such a con¬ flict we see churchmanship and learning at their lowest and per¬ haps only the counterfeit of either. Over against it, and immeasurably greater as a formative force in his¬ tory, we find that unity of purpose and harmony of effort which sug¬ gest our first proposition in answering our question: 7 . The Aims of Learning and Religion Are Identical Going back to origins and rea¬ sons, .there is a very real sense in which religion and learning have a common starting-point. Take two old sayings that have become almost axiomatic: “Modest doubt is the beacon of the wise,” and “Conscious ignorance is a kind of knowledge.” What does this mean but that all learning begins with a sense of need, an insistent demand for something we do not possess? Religion begins at the same place, the gnawing, nagging pain of a felt want that drives men to seek, sometimes they know not what, but impels them to a search which in its multitudinous form can only be described as a quest for God. Get right down to the best known facts and stages of that search and you will find the iden¬ tity still more recognizable. What has the student been doing in that long drawn-out period at school and college? Review your career and try to analyse and appraise what you have been trying to do, from the least significant to the most outstanding features of your student life. You have been col¬ lecting and storing up facts, neces¬ sary indeed, but in some senses the lowest and most evanescent of your occupations. Better and broader, you have been endeavoring to in¬ terpret the meaning of things and to arrive, in however rudimentary a manner, at some philosophy of Baccalaureate Sermon delivered to the Members of the Graduating Class in Arts and Theology, United Colleges, Winnipeg, March 9th, 1931, in Fort Rouge United Chuich. vox 19 life. Still on the ascending scale, you have been slowly learning how to apply your knowledge to actual life and make it the fuel for the fires of action. Greater yet, you have been going through a process of being trained and train¬ ing yourselves so to think that what you are carrying away with you at the end of your college life is not so much what you have studied as the power to study. Best of all, you have been developing personality. In the class-room and in the field of games, in your pri¬ vate study and in your many col¬ lege activities, in your debates and in your banquets, yes, even in the hard knocks and the rough and tumble of the thousand and one struggles through which you have passed, the most significant thing that has been happening, unless by some disastrous misunderstanding of the whole situation you have missed the real thing for which you came, is that you have been building up a broad, full-orbed, dependable personality that now is well on the way to big things. And now, if you can, try to estimate the forces and processes of spiritual religion. First, the grasp¬ ing of the great elemental facts: the initial and dominating fact of God, the illuminating fact of Christ, the staggering fact of the Cross, with all those intimate and personal facts of fellowship with the Divine and response to the incomparable moral and spiritual leadership of the Living Christ. Then comes, gradually and with accumulative force, the acceptance of a philos¬ ophy of existence and a spiritual interpretation of the universe. In¬ separably bound up with any real religion there is the application of these facts and of the new phil¬ osophy to the stern realities of life and the consequent development of character. The field here becomes too vast for us to hope to survey it, but it certainly includes that training to think in the best areas which is implied in the amazingly suggestive terms of our text: “Whoever is willing to do His will, will know,” and it at once takes the open country in the crea¬ tion of wide and noble personal¬ ities, larger spheres of influence and careers of service that make all life abundantly worth while. If that little sketch has in any way served its purpose it has estab¬ lished the identity of the highest ideals that have ever spurred you on, whether as keen students or as would-be earnest servants of Jesus Christ. Whichever way we look at it we cannot escape the convic¬ tion that when we cease to be stu¬ dents we cease to live. They used to talk about “finishing schools”: what a ghastly idea! When any of us come to the point where we have ceased to learn about the only thing that is in order is a respect¬ able funeral. With this as our necessary back¬ ground we may proceed to our second proposition, which is: II. The Greatest Things Yet To Be Await the People of Well- Trained Mind and Consecrated to the Tasks of the Kingdom of God. Four keywords suggest the lines of our recognition of this fact and of our attempt to relate it to the pressing needs of today’s life. The first is Idealism. There is a regrettable tendency to allocate the task of maintaining our idealisms to the preacher or the writer of inspirational books and articles. It need not detract in the least from our lofty conception of a call to the Christian ministry for us to 20 VOX recognize that there is also a defin¬ ite call to everyone, whatever his vocation or profession, to use that vocation as a vehicle for the up¬ holding of high ideals. Your edu¬ cation and your spiritual percep¬ tions, if they have done their work in your moral make-up, have so far redeemed you from the vulgar hunt for mere profit as to send you out, chivalrous knights of a worthy crusade, to gain a Holy Land where Principle is above gain and where Honor and Purity are of more account than many pleas¬ ures. Never, if such is your ambi¬ tion, were you more needed in the world than you are today. The second word is Leadership. Our Lord uttered a warning to His followers that may be paraphrased something like this: “The men who lord it over their fellows and assume a pompous dignity have been greeted with the acclamation ‘Well done!’ You must change all that.’’ The spiritual leader is not a boss; his leadership is but the call from one who knows and does for others to share his purpose. Every best experience that has come to you has been qualifying you for such leadership and it is much in demand. Our third keyword is Vision; not the ethereal dream of an un¬ practical visionary, but the call of the coming victory, the terrific magnetism of the greater thing yet to be without which no one achieves anything. The supreme discovery of Jesus was the wonder and the triumph of the life utterly devoted to the doing of the will of God, and in Him and in His fol¬ lowers that has opened the gate¬ way into the highest. That is the light of your life; catch sight of it in your fellowship with your in¬ comparable Leader— " And, e’er it vanishes Over the margin, After it, follow it, Follow the gleam.” And, once more, it all seems to be summed up in that word which is the key that unlocks the secret of the Christ life: Service. Great gifts have been lavishly poured in¬ to your life; beware what you do with them. The selfish hoarding of the gifts of life invariably atrophies the faculty to grow and achieve. It was no mere glowing metaphor that our Lord used when He said: “He that sav- eth his life loseth it”; it was rather the plain statement of an inexor¬ able law. The story of human so¬ ciety is replete with the pictures of the self-centred and grasping, who have either broken on the rocks of insatiable ambition or have at¬ tained to fame as the destroyers of all that stood in their way. The path of service, blazed by Jesus, is proving to be the only way to true greatness. Today’s life, with its acute problems and poignant suffering, presents an unparalleled challenge to selfless and consecrated leadership. Invest your trained powers in that great venture and, fascinated by its amazing returns in human welfare, you will be glad to say: " We ask no other wages, When Thou shalt call us home, But to have shared the travail That makes Thy Kingdom come.” " We’ve been talking over plans for our spring party.” “Oh, how nice! I know where there’s the loveliest spring.” Barney—My room-mate talks in his sleep, does yours? Maurice S.—No, it’s so annoy¬ ing—he only smiles. vox 21 Valedictory Address—United Colleges , 1931 Theological Department By John D. Mackenzie, B.A. Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen— There are always certain occa¬ sions in the life-history of every individual which stand out con¬ spicuously; and which never really fade from mind. The married man, I presume, looks upon his wedding day as one of these memorable oc¬ casions—the confirmed bachelor upon the day when he abjured all such things, and we as students, will always think of the day when as very green freshmen, we first entered the University and swore allegiance to our Alma Mater—but tonight, it is with still more in¬ tense feelings that we, as the Grad¬ uating Class of ’31, bid farewell to our Alma Mater. We feel a deep regret that the time has come when we must say good-bye to our beloved colleges, Wesley and ’Toba, whose beaten walls and stuffy class-rooms have come to mean a great deal to us during the last seven years, per¬ haps seven of the happiest years of our lives. We think of the great service which these colleges has per¬ formed for this province, and in¬ deed for Canada—and we think of these pioneers who out of their very limited means, founded these institutions. They were men with a vision, they could look beyond the present, with its many unsolved problems and see a greater day for education ahead. They built that men and women might be educated not along material lines only, but that even the secular training might be permeated with the spirit and the purpose of the Master. We wish to pay our tribute to men like these, and we are glad to know that the ideals which were cherished by the founders are being fulfilled by their successors in office, our Prin¬ cipals and Professors. Nobler build¬ ings, we expect, will soon replace the weather-cracked walls of ’Toba and Wesley, but as long as we live, we will cberish fond memories of our old colleges. In saying farewell to our Pro¬ fessors tonight, we would like to thank them for the advice and guidance which they have given us in the last seven years. It is only after completing our course—and when we have a short time in which to look back and review their efforts on our behalf, that we begin to appreciate them as we should. Too often, we must admit, our attitude has been critical and narrow—and we have not under¬ stood the way that we have travel¬ led, but now, as we look back, we see that our Professors have not been a hoary-headed group of slave- drivers, who would sink us in a sea of Greek, Systematic Theology, etc.—but that they are a group who have always treated us kindly, fairly, and encouragingly. We go out feeling that we have in them friends whom we may continue to appeal for advice as we meet the problems that are yet to be faced. I am but voicing the thoughts of our class as I attempt to show our appreciation to our Faculty. . . To our fellow-students we would say only this: If you were to review the work of our class, you would find many mistakes, and at times, a strong spirit of criti¬ cism—do not repeat these mistakes -—learn by them. In saying good¬ bye to our fellow-students we are 22 VOX saying farewell to one of the strongest classes which has ever en¬ tered the halls of our colleges, and we hope that in the years you are together that you will be united as we felt our class to have been. I be¬ lieve that we may boast that our class has been welded into a fel¬ lowship which time will never de¬ stroy. We have a confidence in each other which gives us a guarantee that no matter where we may go, or whatever our problems may be, we will have the support of our class-mates. This gives us courage and strength to go on. We call tonight " Graduation Night”—but it might be better if we, like the Universities to the south of us, called it “Commence¬ ment Day.” We have completed our academic work for the present, but the great battle for which we have prepared is still ahead of us. Tonight, as never before, we feel our own inability, and our weak¬ ness as we go out into a world permeated with social, economic and religious unrest. Although the task is going to be difficult, we feel there is a challenge, and that the opportunities for Christian ser¬ vice are greater than ever before. We feel that we are about to pour our small Christian contribution into the great stream of Christian¬ ity which has been purifying the world for 1900 years. We feel that we are adding our little bit to the contribution made by the graduates of these colleges in the past. May we, like them, so invest our lives so as to make this land more Christ-like, and may we, like them, have an unflinching faith in the Great Unseen yet Guiding Hand which is leading the world to bet¬ ter days. . . And so tonight, may I, on be¬ half of the Graduating Class, to our colleges, to our professors and to our fellow-students say fare¬ well. “Did you hear about Bert swal¬ lowing his teaspoon yesterday, Al¬ lan?” No, Wes. How is he now?” " Poor fellow. He can’t stir.” Policeman: No fishing allowed here! Charley C.: I’m not fishing. I’m allowing this worm to bathe. Policeman: Let me see the worm. C. C.: Here it is. Policeman: I arrest you for al¬ lowing it to bathe without wear¬ ing a regulation swimming suit. And then there was the guy who was so dumb that he left “pig troughs” while plowing for the convenience of the sowthistles. Clarence S.—Do you believe everything every fool tells you? Mert T.—Oh, no—but some¬ times you do sound so plausible. Motorist—“Is it very far to the next town?” Native— " Well, it seems furth- ern’s it is, but it ain’t.”—Free Press. Bob Neil—Do you have any trouble with shall and will? Chas. Avery—No, the wife says you shall, and I say I will. Editor—Do you know how to edit a magazine? Prospect—No! Editor—Well, we ll give you a place on the staff—I guess you’ve had experience. vox 23 Valedictory Address at Grads’ Farewell Arts Department By Allan J. Ryckman Mr. Chairman, Ladies and Gentlemen—- At the outset I would like to ex¬ tend to the members of the grad¬ uating class, my sincere thanks and deep appreciation for the honor of bidding farewell to the faculty and students of the United Colleges. The many pleasant memories and the varied interests of the members of Class ’31, render it difficult for me to make my few remarks truly representative of their sentiments. Janus-like, we face in two direc¬ tions. Behind lie four years of the college existence of Class ’31, and before us a door opening unto the future. I believe every student, whether he is of the graduating class or not, cherishes fond mem¬ ories of college days, yet is seems that graduation time adds vividness to our many recollections. Some remembrances will linger with us for many years, may even remain with us always, yet some we shall prize above others. Long after de¬ bates and dramatic nights are for¬ gotten, long after track meets and hockey fames have been won and lost, and long after time has dim¬ med our memory of the college din¬ ner, we shall remember the many friends of our college days, the happy associations which our at¬ tendance here has given us. The main purpose of our attend¬ ance here is to obtain knowledge and acquire the power to think, as equipment for a definite purpose in life. To this end, several of our classmates have been worthy schol¬ arship winners. Also the largest Honors Class in the histor y of the institution will graduate with Class ’31. Nor have their efforts been confined to high attainments in literature and science. Students of a college bear cer¬ tain relations to their Alma Mater and fellow students which they cannot afford to put off or neglect. I believe it was Emerson who said, “the studious class are their own victims. They are thin and pale, their feet are cold, their heads are hot, the night is without sleep, the day is a fear of interruption— palor, squalor, hunger and egotism. If you come near them and see what conceits they entertain, they are abstractionists and spend their days and nights in dreaming some dream.” This piece of harsh and denunciatory criticism can in no way be linked with Class ’31 or with any class of the United Col¬ leges, and we are doubly thankful that our student organization is such that no place is provided for the studious class of Mr. Emerson’s description. Each class is expected to contribute to a common college life in which each and .every indi¬ vidual is an interested participant. No great or vivid imagination is necessary to imagine what our col¬ lege would be if it were devoid of all student organizations, the or¬ ganizations which are directly de¬ pendent upon the support accorded them by the students. It is as if each student had a double duty to perform, a duty to himself, and a duty to his fellow students. In every phase of college activ¬ ity, Class ’31 has been represented. To interfaculty teams (track, curl¬ ing, hockey, basketball, football, debating, and dramatics) we hope we have made the contribution righty expected of us. Also we 24 V O X hope we ha ve accepted our share of the responsibility in student or¬ ganizations, and in all, we have enjoyed the good-fellowship of our associates. To our Faculty we owe much. From that day, when, as awe stricken Freshmen and Freshettes, we were clothed in lowly garb and blinked through faces besmeared with green paint, until today as departing seniors, our professors have guided us along the path to- ards self-realization. They have re¬ vealed to us the great wonders of a great universe. They have told us of the minute atom and the mighty planet. They have taught us the story of the earth. They have told us to acquire a knowledge of the history of the race, pointing out the kings, the princes, the prophets, the scientists, the statesmen, and the adventurers. They have shown us the beauty and power of litera¬ ture. We have learned something of the structure of society, and of the nature of the individual. Our fac¬ ulty have helped us to know our surroundings, and to understand our own being. All this, that we might have a sense of where we are, and find ourselves in the world. A college education does not merely consist of four years spent in collecting facts, but an equal part of education is the power to co-relate the facts we have ac¬ quired. We hope we have realized the power of thought and have learned to prize it well, for we are told it’s flight is infinite. It winds about over so many mountain tops, it flies from star to star, so hangs over both mystery and fact that we may well call it the effort of man to exlpore the home, the infinite palace of his heavenly Fa¬ ther. We have greatly profited from our sojourn here amid friendly surrounding, but now “through the opening door which time un¬ locks, we feel the first breathing of tomorrow creep.” What is past is but the prologue to life, and now we stand upon the threshold of a new day. From the threshold we are about to set out upon the path we have chosen. Whether we fol¬ low the path of literary or political endeavor, whether we elect the path of business or of science, or whether we become teachers of men, we realize that we are debtors to our professions and not merely adornments for them. We realize too, that the way of service is not always through fields of “milk and honey,” but we have this assur¬ ance: that hard service brings pro¬ motion, promotion brings increased responsibility which in turn calls for renewed effort. If, in our various activities, we strive to understand, emphasize the good, protest against error, and transcend the faulty, then Class ’31 will ever remain united, and united with all who seek truth, nor shall we be far removed from our Alma Mater, where we have learned to rejoice in what is good and grieve at the opposite. As we go out, may our ideals and our aims be high. May our hearts be quick to sympathize, and hands be willing to do. May our our minds quick to understand, for it is in the unwilling hand, in the hardened heart, and in the mute conscience that we become vulgar. And now, to all our friends of the United Colleges, Class ’31 says farewell. Farewell—a word that must be and has been, a sound which makes us linger—yet, fare¬ well. vox 25 TOCTOiRS OF MVMHTY (Honoris Causa) Reverend F. W. Kerr, D.D. In presenting Rev. F. W. Kerr for the D.D. degree at Manitoba College Con vocation on April 9th, Rev. Dr. C. W. Gordon stressed the fact that he was born in Zorra. “Strong men came from Zorra,” Dr. Gordon declared. “That’s where Samson was born.” After public school in the small village of Shakespeare, Ontario, and after High School in Wood- stock and St. Mary’s, Fred Kerr, as a young man of nineteen, came out to Western Canada. For two years he taught school in Edmonton, after which he came to Manitoba College, graduating in 1905. Then followed three years in Knox Col¬ lege, Toronto, from which he graduated with the travelling scholarship in 1908. This scholar¬ ship provided him with the oppor¬ tunity of post-graduate study in the United Free Church College of Glasgow, the University of Mar¬ burg in Germany and the Univers¬ ity of Chicago. After his ordination, Mr. Kerr spent two years among railway construction men in the mountains of British Columbia, and four years in Prince Rupert before the railway had reached that port. After five years in New Westmins¬ ter, he accepted an appointment as Professor of Religious Education in Manitoba College, arriving in Winnipeg on the first day of Feb¬ ruary, 1920. In addition to the work of his chair, Prof. Kerr at once began a wide range of activ¬ ities, including evening classes, summer schools, teacher-training classes, afternoon mission-study groups, and built up a large cor¬ respondence class for post-graduate study. For several years two Bel¬ fast and two Australian ministers were enrolled in this class, as well as ministers from every province of Canada, and from half a dozen states of the Union. For six years Prof. Kerr carried both the preach¬ ing and pastoral work of Knox Church, as well as continuing his lectures (without financial remun¬ eration) in Manitoba College. About a year ago he relinquished his college work in order to devote his entire energies to the work of the ministry. Dr. Gordon stressed Prof. Kerr’s ministry to young folks, stating that probably the largest week-day study-groups of young people in the Dominion are now found in Knox Church. Seven years ago, Knox Church was regarded as being in a precarious position, ow¬ ing to its very large mortgage in¬ debtedness of practically a hundred thousand dollars, and owing to 26 VOX the fact that it was becoming in¬ creasingly shut off in a down-town area, cut off from the residential districts. In spite of that fact, however, the mortgage has been steadily reduced, and upon the cele¬ bration of their diamond jubilee in March, 1932, the congregation in¬ tends to burn it. At the same time, every year has shown increased missionary contributions over the previous year. Prof. Kerr has always taken his full share of wider activities. He contributes articles more or less regularly to several magazines. In 1924 he spent six weeks in Geneva in the study of international rela¬ tions, and upon his return deliver¬ ed over a hundred addresses on that subject. He has been an active member of the Rotary Club and this year holds the position of President of the Winnipeg Cana¬ dian Club. Perhaps to the rank and file in Western Canada his most important work is his weekly half-hour over the radio as “Uncle Fred.” A FEW ARTESIAN ARTIFICES No, you don’t want slap stick comedy. You don ' t want comedy caused by physical incongruity. And then there is also that sub¬ tle plus. Mr. Clay, you amaze me with your knowledge of femininity. Go south, young man, go south. One other thing I want to toss at you before the bell catches us. It’s a matter of individual con¬ stitution : for I know some of you can pack all this away without taking notes. She’s the sauciety dame. You might earmark the nickels between now and April to get to see this play. Marginal platitudes (superced¬ ing this year, it would seem, “mar¬ ginal gloss”). Angry Parent—Why were you kissing my daughter in that dark corner last night? Doug. R.—Now that I’ve seen her in daylight, I sort of wonder myself. THESE FROM GEOLOGY And they are going to use some of that stone on the new Univer¬ sity buildings, I think. You may be old enough to see it some day. At examination time, especially in the spring, the examiners need an amount of co-operation from the students to shove them through. AND FROM HISTORY Mazzini talked the idea of na¬ tionalism loud and long, and talked it fervently. Old Tom Carlyle had been preaching—. (Referring to one of the Powers’ agreements with Turkey) It was one of the finest pieces of window dressing ever—and when the Con¬ ference shut up shop, the Sultan’s full dress Parliament just naturally dissolved. A FEW YEARS HENCE Little Barney (calling father on telephone)—Hello, who is this? Big Barney (recognizing son’s voice)—The smartest man in the world. B. Junior—Pardon me, I got the wrong number. vox 27 Reverend Samuel Wilkinson, B.A., D.D. Wesley College honored another of her sons at the recent Theolog¬ ical Convocation when the degree of Doctor of Divinity was con¬ ferred upon Rev. Samuel Wilkin¬ son, B.A. Mr. Wilkinson’s early educa¬ tion was received in Ingersol, Ont. He graduated from Wesley Col¬ lege in Arts and Theology in 1899 and was Senior Stick of that year. His career as a minister in West¬ ern Canada began in 1891, when he became a probationer of the Manitoba and North-west Con¬ ference, which at that time extend¬ ed from Port Arthur, Ont., to the Rocky Mountains. He was or¬ dained in 1899, and has made a unique contribution to the chron¬ icles of Manitoba Church life, hav¬ ing spent his entire ministry with¬ in the bounds of this province with the exception of four years spent in British Columbia and of over¬ seas service during the war. As a Methodist minister, Mr. Wilkin¬ son spent pastoral terms in Killar- ney, Virden, Carberry, Dauphin, Brandon (Victoria Ave.), Souris and Gordon (Winnipeg). He was assist ant pastor of Grace Church, Winnipeg, in the days of Rev. Dr. Cleaver. Since Union, he has been pastor of the Gladstone charge and is now completing the fourth year of his Treherne pastorate. During the Great War, he served as Chaplain of the 79th Battalion, C.E.F. in England, and in France, with the Fourth Division and the Third Canadian Stationary Hos¬ pital. In the Church Courts he has been the recipient of many honors from his brethren, being elected as delegate to the General Conference of the Methodist Church in Tor¬ onto, 1922, President of the Man¬ itoba Conference, 1923-24, and representative of the Manitoba Conference on the first Board of Home Missions of the United Church. Samuel Wilkinson is esteemed by his brother ministers as one who has made an impressive con¬ tribution to the Church and King¬ dom of God by a ministry, not spectacular, but well susta ined and fruitful. His many friends among the laity and ministry alike, know him to be a man of sterling worth, of good judgment, of cultured mind, and of brotherly spirit. The mantle of theological dignity (Doctor of Divinity, honoris cau¬ sa) which has fallen on S. Wilk¬ inson, is resting upon the shoulders of one who has well upheld the ideals of a true Christian ministry. No adequate account of Mr. Wilk¬ inson’s career could be given with¬ out recognition of the unique ser¬ vice and influence of Mrs. Wilkin¬ son (formerly Miss Cleveland) who, in every way possible, has inspired and reinforced his best ef¬ forts. —F.J.P. 28 VOX ©MAID) Theology JAMES P. BROWN Jim is an Irishman, although he was born in Manitoba. His natural wit and humor have made college life richer for himself and for others, smoothing out many a kink in the chains of friendship, Jim arrived with bag and bag¬ gage from Waskada in the autumn of 1926 and has been arriving (usually a little late) ever since. He was an integral part of Class ’30 for two years while taking his Pre-Med. work, and then turning to Theology continued as a part, and no mean part at that, of the “thirty gang.” When we think of Jim we may mentally picture an active young imp who is either doing something to help somebody or is playing a trick in a good-natured way. Jim can dump beds as nicely as the next one, and never misses a chance to take part in a fracas of any kind. Or we may picture a person getting real comfort out of life—either sleeping on a Western tour, or sleeping while three morn¬ ing bells ring, or merely sleeping with the determination to work after. Or we get a glimpse of an athlete—running on the track, catching behind the plate, playing centre-half with proficiency, or scoring from centre ice. Or yet a picture comes to us of a real gentle¬ man, a true friend, a real scout. One who does his bit well on hard mission fields, one who is as true as steel, one who can be counted upon to measure up to the task before him, strong to do his part in the uplifting of mankind. All these pictures together present Jim. Jim has the ambition of some day qualifying as a medical mis¬ sionary. To this end he hopes to enter medicine soon, and then com¬ pleting that course be able to re¬ alize his mission. We are sorry to see Jim go, and shall surely miss him in many ways. Our best wishes ever go with him. —H.J.H. J. SCOTT LEITH Bachelor of Arts Some twenty-five years ago in a Manse near Moose Jaw, on the prairies in what was then the North West Territories, Scott raised his voice in protest against existing conditions. Since then he has made his home with his par¬ ents in various centres in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. His knowledge¬ seeking propensities found outlet in the public schools of McConnell, vox 29 Man., Strassburg, Sask., Kerrobert, Sask., and Brandon, Man. Then Brandon College gave her call, and the Arts course offered there at¬ tracted him. But three years were taken as “time out” while he went to the Brandon Normal School, and later taught at Sandy Lake, Man., and Bladworth, Sask. After his Arts work he continued his studies along his chosen line, that of Theology, in Manitoba College, where he graduated this spring. His main interest seems to have been in the Student Volunteer and S.C.M. Movements, although he has found time for debating and dramatics on the side. In 1928-29 he was a delegate to the Quadren¬ nial S. V. Convention, and since then on the Canadian Committee, one year as Chairman, and also a member of the Council for North American section. His hope is to sail for foreign field within the next two years. During his college course he has served the church in various missions fields, especially those of Desford, Two Creeks, Rosser, and Starbuck. During the past winter he has been directing the Young Peoples’ work in St. Stephen’s Broadway United Church. His immediate prospects are centred in the field of Ninette, Man., where he has been called to be the minister, after ordination in June. John d. McKenzie, b.a. Jack gave his first yell at Delor- aine in 1906, and has ever since been disturbing the peace. Beginning his career on a farm, it was in the local school-house that his earliest education was re¬ ceived. After finishing his High School course at Deloraine, he sought further learning, and in the fall of 1924, as a freshman, swore allegiance to the University of Manitoba; the four years spent at the “U” show that Jack never let work interfere with pleasure. How¬ ever, at the end of four years the faculty of Arts recognized that Jack should be given an opportun¬ ity to sleep through lectures in some other institution of learning, and granted him his “B.A.” From 1928-31 the Theological Department of the United Colleges was the scene of Jack ' s endeavors. During the College course here he has served on several Mission Fields, and now, upon graduation, goes out into the Battle of Life; wishing he had not slept through so many lectures and hoping he doesn’t starve. Our wish is—may he work harder than he did at College. CLIFFORD S. MATCHETT, Bachelor of Arts The gods have dealt favorably with Cliff. To begin with, they decreed that he should claim Tre- herne as his home; secondly, that he be handsome with curly hair; thirdly, that he have the grace and 30 VOX ability of making and keeping friends. Cliff has now completed seven years at college, and indeed, they have been worth while. He has drunk deep of the wells of learn¬ ing, proving himself a student of credit, receiving his degree with the ’28’s. He has received much ex¬ perience baching, and now know¬ ing the ins and outs of the game has weighed it in the balance and found it wanting. (This is merely a prophecy.) He has gained valu¬ able experience in executive and routine work connected with stud¬ ent life, having reached the climax in this regard when during the ses¬ sion 1929-30, he acted as Presi¬ dent of the Theological Society, the Secretary of Student Council, and as Editor-in-Chief of Vox, reaching heights of popularity in this last phase which may be justly coveted. As a member of residence. Cliff, or rather “Pop”, has served well as “official” door tapper and incidentally served on that ques¬ tionable entity, the House Com¬ mittee. Cliff’s record on Mission Fields is very good and he now goes up North to Cold Lake to gain ex¬ perience as a mining camp minister. He will be ordained in June, at the annual meeting of the Mani¬ toba Conference of the United Church to be held in Brandon, and then will be ready to perform the many marriage ceremonies which he has been soliciting during the past years. Above all, Cliff is a friend, and as such we shall remember him. True, sincere, courteous, he will succeed in no small measure in his chosen work. —H.J.H. WRAY OLIVER MATHER, Bachelor of Arts The subject of this short sketch, Wray Oliver Mather, came into this world some twenty-six years ago to learn for himself what it was all about. Since then, Wray has been a very industrious stud¬ ent. Yea! almost a scholar, as he has been everything from a her¬ ring choker in Prince Edward Is¬ land to a broncho buster in Al¬ berta. Public school first engaged Wray’s attention, then followed High School at Norwich Colllegi- ate, Ont. Feeling this to be enough theory for the present, he then ex¬ perimented with the art of preach¬ ing, choosing a summer resort—- Normandale, on Lake Erie, pos¬ sibly because of the beauty about the place. With a mixture now, of theory and practice, Wray proceed¬ ed to Victoria College, University of Toronto, where the college passed through him and he grad¬ uated after four years absorption; with his Bachelor of Arts in Philo¬ sophy. So far, but not so long. Theol¬ ogy now engaged Wray’s attention and after taking his first year at Toronto, learning that real men always finished their course in the West—the West it was, and Wray came to dear old ’Toba to finish. Here he combated with every¬ thing until in desperation—to end vox 31 it all—he married a sweet girl. Some finish!!! But Wray, while not feline, landed on his feet with his usual, “How about it” grin. Hail to Wray! He may have many little troubles, but he’ll welcome them all. Our best wishes go with Wray. There never was a better fellow. Mather be many stars in his crown. —W.R.W. WILLIAM RONALD WELSH Welsh may be a rare-bit, but he very emphatically is not a rabbit, in fact, he has very little connec¬ tion with the “hair” family. To sum Bill up we might write his biography thus—past—doubt¬ ed, present — doubtless, future— doubtful. Consequently, the writer assumes no responsibility for state¬ ments found in this sketch. It is all merely rumor. Bill hales from Dumfries, Scot¬ land; he and Sir Walter Scott came from the same community, but Walter was there first. Our “Bill” came to Canada some years ago, feeling that this country had a place for bright young men. After a short time in business at Napanee, he heard the call of the west and came to Regina. There he was overtaken with the desire to accumulate knowledge and attended Regina College. In ' 27, he came to Winnipeg and has been pursuing knowledge here ever since. Bill, however, never pursues too closely. He believes in a broad edu¬ cation, lectures must not interfere with education. Essays always come second to hockey games. Preaching is Bill’s fort, he has had experience in Saskatchewan and Alberta and more recently at Epworth, Winnipeg and Clande- boye. We wish Bill the best of every¬ thing as he takes up his duties at Clandeboye, and may some sweet girl have compassion on him! —W.O.M. Deaconesses FLORIS J. OLSEN During the two years Floris has spent with us, we have come to know and appreciate her—but to write about her and do her justice is an impossibility. We cannot put on paper that indefinable some¬ thing which has made us all love her. Floris believes in the saying, “A change is as good as a rest,” and so, after teaching for a few years, she decided to take a course in Social Service. She has taken an active part in college life and as head girl of Sparling Hall she proved her executive ability. Her ready comradeship, her 32 VOX willing sympathy, and her interest in her work, have won for Floris the best wishes of all who know her and assure for her a successful career. —L.R.H., ' 32. MAE PRESCOTT “Nothing could subdue her keen desire for knowledge, or efface those brighter images by books impressed upon her memory.” Prescie came to Winnipeg from Edinburgh at an early age and here " grew up.” Public schools in Scotland and Winnipeg provid¬ ed her preparatory education. Her work at Eaton’s either wrapping bacon or weighing fish, made her practical and efficient, but did not satisfy her yearning for higher knowledge, so in 1928, we find her enrolled in Wesley matricula¬ tion department. Her interests have been many. She has proven herself a keen de¬ bater and a clever student, annex¬ ing several scholarships. She de¬ lights in music and appreciates good poetry. She is always busy at¬ tending lectures, helping at the church, and even clerking in a downtown store. To mention her likes and dis¬ likes: Prescie has an affinity for theologues and an antipathy for coffee and peanut butter. Her ambitions are to have curly hair and to earn her B.A. degree. We shall follow her career as a deaconess with interest. —J.F.S., ' 27. Honor Course Graduates ERNEST A. BIRKINSHAW ( Science ) Birk is the greatest example we have of a thorough amalgamation of scholarship and sport in under¬ graduate life. In fact, he dreams in matho-physical terminology. To enjoy a game to the maximum it is necessary to stand behind Birk, forgetting everyone else including the players and to watch him. Doing so one can appreciate the game visually and audibly beyond expression. Science and philosophy are in his scope—-science is his work and philosophy his pastime and he sings during intermissions. One of the greatest sensations the year af¬ fords is to hear Birk render the Hallelujah Chorus from Handel alone, while having a shave. Here may be noted his chief character¬ istics—he scientifically sets his mind and body to a menial task with the grace of a true philos¬ opher, while like a true sport he treats his friends to an exhibition of musical talent. Birk has spent his five years here and at the U, doing his bit, and in- vox 33 deed, reaping full return from the opportunities afforded him by Pro¬ vidence. Midst other things, he has played football five years, know¬ ing four times the laurels of championship, curled, and served as Athletic Editor on Vox. Birk is continuing his academic climb, hoping next year to receive his Master of Science degree. We wish him all success. As a friend, he is as true as steel—we shall not forget him. —H.J.H. GERTRUDE L. BRADLEY ( Science ) Danny—the name is certainly treasured by all who were associat¬ ed with her during he six years at Wesley. Entering this seat of learn¬ ing first in 1925 to complete her Matriculation, Danny joined the ' 30 Class the next year with a B.Sc. as her goal, but using her woman’s privilege and driven by her ambition and a love for her work, she changed to B.Sc. Hon¬ ors ' 31 and now has a " Master’s” in the offing because Danny always has her " wagon hitched to a star” -—and she always gets there. Between labs, and lectures at the " U”, Danny has found time to make many staunch friends— drawn to her by her unfailing friendliness, her ready wit and her irresistible good humor. Danny has contributed gener¬ ously to all sides of college life. She has capably fulfilled many dut¬ ies on committees and executives— in fact so capably that she was made permanent Vice-president of Class ' 30. As a member of the Student Council, she has shown great loyalty to the traditions and spirit of Wesley. She has given hearty support to basketball and hockey games, and has even helped to gain the odd point for her class at Track Meets. Her dramatic ability was proven in Evening Dress Indispensable and on vari¬ ous " stunt-nites.” Indeed, we may truthfully say that everything to which Danny turns her hand is always well done. May it ever be so. —E.C.F., ’30. HARRY EASTON (Arts) Harry greeted us as a Sophomore fresh from Daniel Mac. Inter¬ viewed friends significantly hesi¬ tated to offer any information con¬ cerning his past. He really isn’t so tall, his hair just stands on end. Dramatics claimed his chief in¬ terest. In Third Year he took part in " The Monkey’s Paw,” one of the three plays presented at M.A.C.; he was dramatic repres¬ entative in his Fourth Year, and in his final year President of the 34 VOX Dramatic Society. He has also served on Stunt Committees. Harry specialized in French and English. We have a sneaking sus¬ picion that Sinclair Lewis is his favorite author. He is a prominent member of the English Club, and fell heir to the big blue cup. As for Saul of old, music has its charms for Harry. He sings and plays. We did not stop to dis¬ cover how or what he sings, but we know that when the evil spirit is upon him the organ is his favor¬ ite instrument. In his lighter moods he holds forth on the ocarina. We are sorry to report that Harry has a few bad habits; is ad¬ dicted to corn-cob pipes. He is a Realist, and one of his professors says that “If he were not so la¬ conic he would seem metaphysic¬ al.” The professor’s comment presents a challenge to our unde¬ veloped intellect, and we hesitate to interpret it for the benefit of our readers. We must not forget to mention that our philosopher, unlike his great predecessor, Francis Bacon, understands (?) and appreciates women. A word of prophecy as to his future career might not be amiss. Despite his literary interests and inclinations, we find that Harry has a streak of practicality. In his summer vacations he builds res¬ taurants and country stores in the great open spaces. His activities along this line lead us to believe that Harry will eventually go into the Real Estate business. It is well known that his slogan during the past year has been “more land, more land”-—Moreland. H.M.K., ’33. KATHERINE DE JONG (Arts) It was in the fall of 1923 that a curly-haired girl, “Teeny,” ac¬ companied by her father and her girl friend, approached for the first time the Registrar of Wesley Col¬ lege. A habit was formed which she continued for eight years. Having left her public school days behind her, she was now ready to start on that great adventure called “Grade IX.” Her first year was different from that of the other members of Class ' 30, for although a member of the “freshies” she did not have to face the horrors of initiation, being al¬ ready well acquainted with college life. The girls of " ’31” still have a vivid picture of Teeny on their fatal day forever appearing with a jar of cold cream and a domineer¬ ing look on her face. During her college years she has acquired reputations for many things such as scholarships, medals and debating, as well as for house painting. The three most embar¬ rassing questions which she has been asked are probably: 1. Aren’t you the little girl who used to play marbles on the front lawn much to the disgust of the seniors? 2. Is the next stage to a man a monkey? 3. Aren’t you a “freshie?” (when she was in her fifth year.) vox 35 Now all that is passed and she has been informed that she has fulfilled all the requirements neces¬ sary for a B.A. Honors. So with visions of an M.A. she is prepar¬ ing to enlighten the youth of Canada. A person who has spent eight years at Wesley College will not be forgotten in five times as many years by those who knew her at that time. —E.B.T., ’31, (H.) isobel McLaren (Arts) Excitement ran high when Is. arrived, but it has been running higher ever since. Her elementary education was obtained in the home town, i.e., Reston. Here also, she developed the speed that later was to shatter inter-collegiate re¬ cords. Is. entered Wesley College as a freshie-soph in the fall of 1927. In her sophomore year she won a Lat¬ in scholarship and played on the championship basketball team. During her college career she has taken part in many activities, serv¬ ing on the Athletic Council and U.M.S.U. Women’s Coucil. Ath¬ letically, she has won great distinc¬ tion; being awarded two senior M’s for basketball and track. She also has had her share of trips, three to Edmonton and one to Saskatoon in inter-collegiate com¬ petition. At Saskatoon she set a new record in the 60 yd. dash for women, and in the same year at the interfaculty meet, broke 12 sec. for the 100 yd. dash besides play¬ ing on the Varsity basketball team that won the city championship. She also received an Isbister schol¬ arship. All this is the result of be¬ ing a member of Class ’30. Is. decided to extend her know¬ ledge, and returned for an honor course in Latin and Mathematics. However, in spite of these things, she finds time to take part in many social activities. Popular, as shown by her many friends at Wesley and the “U”, and during her three years in residence was a general favorite, especially of Miss E. Bowes. Her future is undecided, but she has a weakness for matri¬ mony, so watch future results. —H.C.A. LAWRENCE SWYERs ( Science ) After peregrinating down the paths of elementary knowledge via Port Arthur, Fort William, Winnipeg and Killarney seats of learning, Swyers invaded the realm of the scientists at Wesley in 1926. The next few years saw the cus- 36 VOX tomary evolutionary process—the unobtrusive Freshman—the more obtrusive Sophomore—the enter¬ taining J u n i o r—the dignified Senior. Throughout there was maintained a naturalness and sim¬ plicity which did not flout the in¬ tellect capable of passing examin¬ ations and winning scholarships with seeming ease. Musical abil¬ ity, enthusiasm for tennis, execu¬ tive ability—as amply displayed as head of the Social Committee for two years—a sense of humor, and the happy facility of making and keeping friends—in all, a character—this Swyers. Rj S. ELDA BERNICE TURNER (Arts) When remembering Convoca¬ tion and a graduate in white re¬ ceiving her degree, it becomes diffi¬ cult to go back to those days when Elda was still a shy little freshie, known vaguely by her classmates as “The girl who won the Isbister Scholarship.” In those days she was inseparable from her fair- haired chum and except for escap¬ ades in the Physics lab. and a few scholarships she was little known. It was only when her friends in Class ' 30 began to know her in¬ timately that they realized that Elda was a person of many and varied pursuits. They learned that it was she who saw that the St. James street car was always on time owing to her influence with the W.E.R. They found also that she had become quite an efficient paperhanger and interior decorator, not to mention possessing a great deal of skill with the needle. Coming to know her even bet¬ ter, her friends discovered that the ambitious young student, whom they had always known actually spent much of her time in the Gaiety, and other such places of entertainment, that she was flip¬ pant about classes, lecturers and subjects and that at times she would write neither essays nor tests. Not daring to shatter too many illusions she hastened her departure by leaving out supps. and other luxuries of the usual University career. Knowing her as we do, we re¬ alize that the variety of her in¬ terests will prevent her from tak¬ ing her work too seriously or neglecting it, whether it be a posi¬ tion as manager of the Winnipeg Electric or the humble occupation of teaching history to the youth of Manitoba. —K. de J„ 31 (H.) Doctor—Lady, your son has the measles in the worst form. Wealthy Mrs. Green—Why doctor, we are rich enough to afford the very best.—“The Fur¬ row.” “I can’t marry him, mother. He’s an athiest and doesn’t believe there’s a hell.” “Marry him, my dear, and be¬ tween us we’ll convince him that he is wrong.”— " The Furrow.” vox 37 General Course Arts Graduates RUTH B. ARMSTRONG Ruth was the only member of class ’31 who this spring received both an athletic and a merit award. Nor were these empty honors, for we can readily imagine her with her wide interests, her depend ability, and her competence win¬ ning both of these. For five years she has been one of our best on the basketball floor —in the same able manner as she wore the red and white colors did she for two years wear the Brown and Gold. Co-ed executive work, social and literary, and Class ’31 have been Ruth’s active interest while Wesley College in all its de¬ partments have found in her a ready and enthusiastic supporter. These things have made us proud of her as a member of ’31, but these, I venture to say, will not be the first things we shall re¬ member of Ruth. Her understand¬ ing and ready sympathy, her inter¬ est in us and all our activities, have so endeared her to us that she is one we shall never forget. A good student—a better pal— and the best of friends. Good luck, Ruth. —F.M., ’31. H. CHARLES AVERY After six years at Wesley, we had begun to regard Chuck as a permanent fixture here, but other interests at last have claimed him. He entered Wesley in the fall of 1925, as a Matric, after receiving his elementary education in West Kildonan. He has lingered there ever since, spending his time at puck-chasing and the Capitol, Monday afternoons, incidentally spending a few hours in the library before exams. Charlie has served on the Wes¬ ley hockey team during his so¬ journ there and was a member of two championship teams. In his last year he was captain and coach of the hockey team and it was not through lack of interest or work on his part that the team lost. The University is rather to be blamed ' 3 for setting the date of Color Night when they did. Charlie also played on a championship football team. Besides playing on Interfaculty teams, he was a member of the Varsity Juvenile and Junior hockey teams. During his college career, Char¬ lie has won many friends, and he will be missed in the library and the common room. Next year he intends going to Normal and do- 38 VOX ing light housekeeping. We won¬ der who is going to do the cook¬ ing. —I. McL. YVONNE BARBER Underhill was the scene of Yvonne’s birth and early educa¬ tion. After being introduced to the three R’s, her tenth birthday found her in Elgin, where she completed her matriculation. Coming into our midst as a Freshie Soph, Yvonne has pursued her unpretentious way through college, making a quiet but lasting contribution to her Alma Mater. Bravely reviving the many es¬ capades of her two years in resi¬ dence, in her last year she turned to L.H.K. for which she will long be remembered for her hospitality. As she goes forward to take her Normal, then to teach, and eventu¬ ally —qui sait? the wishes of her many friends go with her, and we feel her success is assured. ESTER BIRCH Ester comes from Neepawa, where she received her early train¬ ing, and later taught school at Oak River. She joined the ’31 Class as a Freshie-Soph. Ester has proven herself an en¬ thusiastic, earnest student, full of “pep,” full of “fun” and a good comrade. She has travelled far on the friendly road. We wish Ester all success in her future tasks. W. KEITH CLARKE W. Keith Clarke, i.e., Wee Keith Clarke, was born in Areola, Sask., and managed to survive until he came to Wesley College in the fall of 1928. During his four years at college he has recuperated won¬ derfully as shown by his achieve¬ ments, deeds and actions. Athletically, the mite is a won¬ der. He is a superb tennis player, known all over the Province of Saskatchewan, having played in numerous tournaments. Keith is also a hockey player of note. He has played on several college hockey teams, including one championship team. His business ability is seen in being a member of the athletic council and Vox staff. Socially, beat him if you can: he is a keen dancer, has a way with women, and has a strong personal¬ ity. No wonder people are natur¬ ally attracted to this small-sized portion of energy. Academically, the one who al¬ ways made the grade. A good stu¬ dent he was, two weeks before exams. However, he will receive digne on his diploma. His one vox 39 love is Mathematics and he will return next year to take the actu¬ al arial course, i his will result in his becoming an insurance man. Keith spent two years in res¬ idence, where he was a general favorite (of the dean). He loves the atmosphere of a home and so with the Swyers brothers he took up light housekeeping in a suite. Keith doesn’t know what the fut¬ ure holds for him, but his motto is: ‘Bring on the future.” —H.C.A. DAVID CONLY Dave became a native of Win¬ nipeg in 1909. He received his High School education at St. John’s Tech, and in the Collegiate Department of Wesley College. Matriculating in June, 1927, he entered the Arts Department that September, one of the charter mem¬ bers of Class ’31. His college career has been a most active one. To write ade¬ quately of his services to the stu¬ dent body would necessitate an¬ other issue of Vox, so we merely list his activities: A fast-stepper on the U.C. Basketball squad for four years (Championship team in 1928- 29), and captain of the team in 1929-30; member of the Athletic Council for two years, being Vice- President in his graduating year;, member o fthe Debating Executive for three years; member of the class debating team for three years, in¬ cluding the championship team of 1929-30; member of the local S.C.M. Executive, and Secretary of the Theological Society for one year. To close such an active career, Dave was permanent secre¬ tary of the Grads of ’31. Socially, Dave was ever on the job, at sunrise parties or as a chauf¬ feur on a treasure hunt, we could always rely on Dave. He will also be long remembered as Old Man Industry of the 1931 stunt. Along with his many student activities, Dave has always had time for his studies and his friends, and neither have suffered. Dave’s splendid qualities of sportsman¬ ship, his capacity for making— and keeping—friends, and his wil¬ ling and unselfish service will carry him fa r on the road to success in his chosen vocation. We rejoice that Dave is enter¬ ing Theology this fall, for it means another three years of pleas¬ ant association with a friend of the type which makes life any¬ where very much worth while. B.H.S., ’31. 40 VOX LUELLA DANN It was a lucky break for both parties when Lu left Deloraine to join Class ’31 in her freshman year. Lu is one of those people who can be depended on whether it’s debating executives or eats committees. She is good company at all times and ready for anything that promises fun. Yet in spite of this she dotes on lectures, writing essays and exams, and has shown no mean scholastic ability. She has been seen at S.C.M. group meetings and English Club, also at basketball game s and other college activities. Independent, ingenuous and frank—never at a loss for con¬ versation—“How’s your Father, Lu?” Her ambition starts at “Faculty of Ed.” Respice-—Adspice—Prospice. E.F., ’3? BEN T. DAWSON Born in Scotland in 1908, came to town of Stony Mountain at the age of three. If one should have passed through the town of Stony Mountain, sometime in 1911, one would have heard the squalls of the youngest member of the Daw¬ son household—our Ben, in his childish ways, pleading and pray¬ ing for more crusts; for while still under the age of four, Ben had made up his mind that when his full stature should be reached, the locks that were about his brow should be without rival. Ben having finished his term of servitude in the Stony Mountain Institute—we mean public school and high school, entered Wesley in the fall of ’26, on a new term of hard labor, bringing with him an aversion for French and women. Ben is of a quite reserved nature, but to know him it to know a true friend. Ben’s generous, sympathetic nature, along with his sense of humor and whimsical wit, will aid him greatly in the career of his choosing. You have our best wishes Ben. —D.C., ’31. One United States law, says William S. Dutton, has never been obeyed—and it never will be. It reads; “When two trains approach each other at a crossing, they shall both come to a full stop and neither shall start until the other is gone.” vox 41 JOHN DREW A leader may be born and also may be made. Jack has not taken a prominent part in student activi¬ ties because he was not born a leader and has never tried to make himself one. He has his good points and also his bad ones. He has will and cour¬ age never to submit or yield. He needs to overcome his worst habit of procrastinating, which nearly caused a complete tragedy in his first year. Time will tell what he can do. A B.A. is after all, literally a be¬ ginning. Jack realizes this com- he made no enemies. A hardwork¬ ing student who “while his com¬ panions slept was toiling upward through the night.” May he at¬ tain to " the heights.” pletely, but will not be turned back. His motto is: Better late than never. —A.D. COURTNEY R. EMERSON Courtney is one of the charter members of Class ’31, having joined as a Freshman in the fall of 1927. He hails from McConnell, and spends his summers on rural mission fields. Quiet to an extreme, Courtney has never become known in stu¬ dent circles and takes no part in student activities. His whole in¬ terest is in his books and in his mission field. While making com¬ paratively few friends at college, STANLEY GAMEY “Spud”—a product of Mani¬ toba wheat fields, and Washing¬ ton apple orchards, came to Wesley from Newdale, in search of wis¬ dom in ' 27. We first knew Stan as a quiet and inobtrusive fresh¬ man, contemplating a course in Engineering. However, one year sufficed to convince " Spud” that his interests were not in favor with the “forty beer gang,” so entered a course in Arts in his second year, and now he is one of the lone sur¬ vivors of four years of grind and trials of a college course. Since entering Wesley, “Spud” has taken a keen interest in all activities. His quiet reserved na¬ ture makes him hard to know, but once one does—what a pal! “Spud” has carried his share of the burdens of class executive work, and also has served on the Social Committee and Athletic Council. In athletics “Spud” has been quite prominent—one of our best curlers; and we must not forget to 42 VOX mention cuspidor hockey in which he starred for four years. In four years intimate associa¬ tion with “Spud” we have never been able to discover exactly what was his set ambition. But what¬ ever the future may bring we feel that “Spud” will give his best, and consequently will receive the best. Summing up “Spud’s” career, we might say—a true pal, a good sport, and a real gentleman. —J.E.T., ’31. MARGARET GRAHAM To thi nk of Margaret is to think of one who entered into col¬ lege life and activities with a spirit distinctly individualistic. She came to Wesley from Kelvin in Grade XI and since then has shown her interests along different lines. Dramatic Representative in Second Year, this executive soon discovered the value of her ability in the arts pertaining to costum¬ ing and scenery. With consider¬ able talent she was always in de¬ mand for that contribution of ar¬ tistic handicraft and taste which are indispensable to the affairs of college femininity. In Margaret we found many moods—now blithe and spirited—now despond¬ ent and contemplative, but always affectionate and generous. She pos¬ sessed strong will power and per¬ sistence (as all those to whom she sold tickets, or from whom she collected money will remember). She had a weakness for French, and on rare occasions even wrote poetry. Marg. looks forward to interior decorating and with her talent we are certain of her success. —R.A., ’31. JEAN E. HOLT Jean is a true Easterner. Born in Canada, an attraction for " another East” and its people, has permeated her whole life. Jean received her education in Brandon and vicinity. She taught school, then attended the Training School for Deaconesses in Toronto, prior to her departure for China. In 1927, she came home on sec¬ ond furlough. Political disturb¬ ances in China necessitated a lengthy stay in Canada, so she joined the ' 31 class as a Sopho¬ more. Jean receives double honor this year for the completion of her Arts course enables her to grad¬ uate as a Deaconess. True, to one of her ideals, she participated in S.C.M., and Social Welfare activities. The Glee Club too, demanded particular attention. But these fade into a misty glim¬ mer when we remember Jean as a personal friend. She possesses a sincere, sympathetic, broad under¬ standing heart, and a sweet cheery vox 43 disposition. We do not wonder that Jean is needed in China. But other questions puzzles us when we note her sometimes coquettish manner. How does she escape it??? Oni September 12, Jean sails for China. We wish her- a happy and fruitful term and hope to meet her again when she returns to Canada. Bon voyage, Jean. —E.R.B. Rj—Wid I leave an umbrella here yesterday? L.S.—What kind of an um¬ brella? Rj—Oh, any kind. I’m not particular. A. -—Did my wife speak at the meeting yesterday? B. —I don’t know your wife, but there was a tall thin woman who rose and said she couldn’t find words to express her feelings. A.—That wasn’t my wife. First He—How is your wife? Second ditto—Oh she’s just like an angel! First etc.—An angel, what do you mean? Second ditto—Ah she’s always up in the aid, forever harping on something, and never has anything to wear. MARJORIE O. HOPKINS Since Marj. left Hartney in the fall of ’27 to join the ’3 l’s, she has made for herself an enviable place in the scheme of things at Wesley. She has entered everything with a keen enthusiasm and has worked energetically in anything she has undertaken. In athletics, she has made a name for herself in Track, Basketball and Curling. In Track, she capped off the shot-put record, besides plac¬ ing in javelin and discus events; in basketball, she was a trusty guard on two championship teams; in curling she brought honor to United by helping to bring home the Hudson’s Bay Trophy to Var¬ sity; and she has always been an active member of the Athletic Council. Marj’s chosen profession is in the world of music and we are even now proud of our Wesley song-bird, for she has her feet firmly placed on the musical lad¬ der of fame. May she go right to the top. With all this Marj has found time to make friends, in the com¬ mon room, or the library, or as a generous L.H.K. hostess, and has proven herself to be a good sport and a worthy friend—ask Lu. —L.M., 31. 44 VOX MARGARET KIPPEN ‘‘A Book of Verses underneath the Bough A Jug of Wine, A Loaf of Bread —and Thou Beside me singing in the Wilder¬ ness — And Wilderness were Paradise enow!” Born in Newdale, Margaret at¬ tended public and high school there. She always ranked high in her class in spite of summers spent in swimming and winters in skat¬ ing. In the fall of ’27 Marg. came to Wesley and joined the ’31’s. Here she held her rank as a stud¬ ent, made many friends, skated, curled and made one of “The Ter¬ rible Three.” Margaret’s present ambitions are many. To teach a few years and then go into business seems the main one. Then a tour of the world and a knowledge of every¬ one and everything is a close sec¬ ond. Good luck, Marg. we wish you success in everything. —M.I.W. WILLIAM KORCHIK “Bill” joined the class as a freshie-soph, having taken his first year in University. He soon showed himself to he a good stu¬ dent, taking high marks in some things and good marks in all. Of a quiet nature, Bill took little part in general student activities, though he could always be counted upon in any class venture. His main interest aside from his studies has been basketball, and he per¬ formed well on the sextette that won the Junior Inter-faculty title for United two years ago, thus winning his " U” in his first year at United Colleges. Though never in the limelight, Bill has got much out of his col¬ lege course, and has gained that joy which “comes, not from riches, not from ease, not from the applause of men, but from having done the things that are worth while.” ROBERT J. W. LYONS Among the graduating class there is not a more sincere or true individual than Bob. He is a genu¬ ine product of Winnipeg. Having had a glimpse at the business world —acting as salesman, collector, etc, —Bob joined the thirties in the fall of ’26, having lost the more verdant tinge a few years previous when he was initiated as a Matric. While making his greatest con¬ tribution to extra-curricular activ¬ ity in the realm of dramatics, where he has on many occasions done in vox 45 no mean way his bit as properties manager, Bob in general student life has acted as a steadying influ¬ ence. But when the years will have passed by, and many changes shall have been ground in the mills of time, our memory of Bob will centre around the deeper things of life. Bob sees life in terms of duty, and he will ever do his best to mea¬ sure up to the standard set by the great Ideal of mankind. Bob is a true friend, one whose word is golden; he can appreciate a friend because he can be one. It is this friendship which will stand the test of time. Bob has visions of acting some day as a medical mis¬ sionary—whether this means of service may be achieved or not, one thing is certain—he will leave the world a little better than he finds it. May opportunity but unlock the door to the realization of this vision of service and we trust Bob to do the rest. —H.J.H. FRANCES MILLS “Rich joy and love she got and gave. Her heart was merry Swan River claims the honor of giving to class ’31 this joyous, loyal spirit which for four years has lavished its store of capabil¬ ities upon many phases of college life. As a proof of her executive ability we have only to consider the many positions entrusted to her, such as class Vice-President in Second and Fourth Years, Vice- President of the Co-ed Association in 1930, and Secretary-Treasurer in 1931, Vice-President of Dra¬ matic Executive, 1930-31, and she was elected permanent Vice-Presi¬ dent of the class. Besides all this she has served on numerous com¬ mittees (with a particular failing for eats committees), and yet found time for curling, writing history essays and going to the Walker. Dramatics always had a large claim on her interests and she was a member of the caste of “A Man Born to Be Manged,” one of the three one-act plays produced this year. Fran will long be remembered for her charming personality and dignity. She is reserved, but those who have had the privilege of be¬ coming more intimate with her have learned to love one who is generous, sympathetic and thoughtful. Fran’s ideal in life might be expressed in the follow¬ ing words: “To cherish fine thoughts and fine feelings and to be able finely to express them— this is ‘culture.’ —R.A., ’31. 46 VOX LAVINIA MOORE When quite defenceless she was christened thus, so her aim in life has been to live down the impres¬ sion it conveys. To this end her college days have been filled with strange adventures—rugby and hockey games, beaver-coon coats, sun bathing at Delta, high power salesmanship, midnight touring parties and Brandon at 3 a.m. Venie—our tall friend of the crooked grin and the delightful chuckle. A person of many moods and fancies. On occasion she can be cool and collected, whether it’s ex¬ tinguishing fires, rendering first-aid or pouring tea. For four years Venie has known how to weather the storms of gossip and stick by her convictions in spite of it. Her absorbing passions are many. In co-ed hockey games she strikes terror into the hearts of the opponents. This is due to her deter¬ mined air, as well as spectacle guards and shin protectors. She drives a car like a fiend, and can find every bump in the road. As a student she is not spectacular, but out of hours she is a person of cul¬ tured tastes. She attends Celebrity concert and reads ponderous vol¬ umes, and really enjoys them. When one thinks of Venie, one thinks also of arguments. Many’s the hot battle she’s waged in the Ladies’ Parlor over politics, relig¬ ion, child-rearing or even men. Regardless of the career Venie chooses she’ll enjoy it, for she likes “people” and gets the most out of living. —“P.”S„ ’31. JESSIE McATEER When we, that know Jessie best, think of her, there comes to our minds a picture of a girl, somewhat dignified, quiet, re¬ served, but friendly, fun-loving, entertaining, rather paradoxical, perhaps, but that is what makes her interesting; and what is more surprising, she is also what could be termed an academic as well as a social paradox. During her four years at college she has combined the fine arts with the scientific. Many hours have been spent over a heap of ordinary looking rocks (but bearing extraordinary names). Over Botany, Chemistry, Physics she casts a scientific eye, and yet Browning, Shakespeare and Milton receive due considera¬ tion. Such a choice of study is not too specialized to be narrow, not too miscellaneous to be de¬ prived of the value attained in specialization. This student goes away from University with the right perspec¬ tive—the true value of a Univer¬ sity education. vox 47 In sports, if there were rewards for the supporters on the “side lines” for the hockey, basketball and football games, Jessie certainly would qualify with honors, and no one denies but that the lusty cheers from the side lines put the necessary pep into the actual players. The common! room rather than the library was her favorite haunt. Literally, thousands of Bob’s famous ham sandwiches were here devoured, washed down with the inevitable bottle of pop, and five cents’ worth of peanuts fitted her for the rest of the day. Jessie has certainly gained in her friendships made, and knowl¬ edge attained, her class and college undoubtedly benefitted by her associations. Class ’31 will long remember Jessie, with the fur coat, ham sandwiches, peanuts, pop, labs, and that loveable little “grin.”— Jessie! —G.L.B., ’31 H. JEAN RAILTON The fairy godmother who ad¬ opted Jean as her chosen child that blustery March day not so many years ago, smilingly gave her bles¬ sings thus— " Thou shalt be en¬ dowed with a deep sense of humor which will enable thee to view life sanely. This combined with a ready wit shall make thee one in whose company none shall long remain solemn. Thy friendship shall be sought by those who do not possess it. In all thy undertakings whether it shall be in the field of knowledge or in the realm of sport, thou shalt attain the utmost success.”—And the fairy’s prophecy has come true. —F.M., ’31. FLORENCE REID T V When one thinks of Florence, one just naturally thinks of blue eyes with a twinkle in them, and a sunny smile, hallmarks of a cheerful, friendly, genetous nature. Generous, yes, that is it; always ready to lend a hand whether the project be grave or gay—ready to help one over a difficult place in Algebra or Trig., for Maths, with Florence is merely fun—or equally enthusiastic over staging a jolly party or hike. Being a minister’s daughter, Florence is somewhat of a rover. At present she claims Swan River as her home town, but it was in Pilot Mound that she obtained her high school education, matriculat¬ ing at an unusually early age. En¬ tering Class ’31 of Wesley in her Freshman year she has shared in 48 VOX the many activities of the “razza, zazza, zip” class. During her three years’ resid¬ ence in Sparling Hall she was a general favorite. This year Flor¬ ence has tried her hand at light housekeeping thus adding to her recognized ability as a scholar, the charm of social and culinary gifts. Wesley will indeed miss this girl who has been such a loyal and cheery companion. Our good wishes follow her and we predict for Florence success and happiness in her chosen profession. J.A.F., ’33. M. EVELYN ROSS A small but extremely interest¬ ing piece of humanity—Evelyn. Reserved and quiet with mere ac¬ quaintances but among friends bubbling over with scarcely re¬ strained energy and enjoying a good lark at any time. Elgin, Manitoba, her birthplace, the scene of her childhood and both public and high school days, is the loser since she entered Wesley in ’27 and since her family removed permanently to Winnipeg. Evelyn claims to have been a very ordin¬ ary child—entering into every¬ thing, sharing in all sports a little but doing nothing outstanding— we wonder. However, she is a championship curler of some standing now and she has certainly used her ability to add to the laurels of her chosen College and of the University. Although we have not all had the opportunity of a life-long friendship as one lucky individual has, yet we are happy if numbered among her many College friends. ALLAN J. RYCKMAN Allan arrived in this cold world on February 8th, 1910, and in spite of being an only child, is not spoiled—altogether. But he usu¬ ally gets his own way—in debates. He received his High School education at ‘‘Daniel Mac.” and came to Wesley as a " freshie-soph.” in September, 1928. Modest and unassuming (during the first year) his abilities were not at once recog¬ nized. It was as a ‘‘Jolly Junior” that he first attracted the attention of the student body, for in that year he made the inter-faculty track and basketball teams, served on the Social and Literary Executive, and demonstrated his histrionic ability as the gallant Mr. Tux E. Dough, the rejected suitor of Una Varsity in the trophy-winning stunt of Class ’31. But it was as a debater that Allan excelled. He was entered as a dark horse in the final of the inter-faculty series, and came vox 49 through with flying colors, help¬ ing Charlie bear home the hand¬ some trophy. Needless to say, he has been in great demand ever since when debates are the order of the day. Last year he travelled to Brandon with Stan McLeod for the annual Good-will Debate there, and this year he, with Dave Conly, won against stiff opposition in the inter-class series, and also earned another victory in U.M.D.U. cir¬ cles, beside entertaining at the Scot¬ tish banquet. In his graduating year, aside from debating, he has been a very efficient class president. In recog¬ nition of his efficiency and his will¬ ing service, his class-mates chose him for their permanent president. He was also the unanimous choice for Valedictorian, an office he filled in a manner second to none. Of a naturally happy disposi¬ tion, Allan takes a keen joy in life. Among his hobbies are skat¬ ing—alone—and parliamentary ac¬ tivity. Three years he has been a Cabinit Minister in the Manitoba Tuxis Parliament, and he has al¬ ready been unanimously chosen Speaker for the 1931 session. He was in his glory as the Premier in the recent ‘1980” session of the United Colleges Legislature. Who can guess his future political achievement? President of Mexico? He has one pet diversion— co-eds, and one pet aversion— Browning. And he does get a lot of fun out of teasing Barney. B.H.S., ’31. EFFIE E. SCHMIDT Virden is fortunate in being able to claim Effiie as its own. She was born there and there she went to school and completed Grade XII. Teaching, Summer School, and extramural work, mixed with holi¬ days spent in travelling, in motor¬ ing and in pursuing her favorite pastimes—gardening and hiking— have given Effie many and varied contacts with life and have brought her to Wesley to join Class ’31 in its Senior Year. Here she has proved her ability both as a student and as a sports¬ woman, for besides taking more than the allotted sixteen units and following her intellectual curiosity in paths other than those mapped out by her course, Effie curled on the U.M.S.U. rink in the Winni¬ peg Ladies ' Bonspiel, and on the United rink in the Interfaculty competition. Effiie has made Sparling Hall life happier for us with her un¬ failing friendliness, her sympa¬ thetic nature, her ability to see the other ' s viewpoint, and her keen sense of humor. Whatever life holds for her, wherever she goes, our good wishes follow her. —I.E.W. ’31 LUCY SNYDER Prologue :—St. James Collegi¬ ate, where " Pat” was a demure and quiet young thing, but who had the faculty for getting others into and herself out of trouble. First Act: —“Pat” came to A 50 VOX Wesley still a bit demure and not so quiet, with a bit of wing dust on her shoulders which just wouldn’t let her stay right side up —also an insatiable desire to im¬ press by using words only “Pat” could pronounce. Second Act :—No longer de¬ mure and no longer quiet, and even though a member of the dis¬ cipline committee, the wing dust was still about. Always an enthu¬ siastic supporter of all sports, now a sudden interest in hockey devel¬ oped, which indirectly started a collection of china celluloid or “what have you” elephants. Third Act :—Wing dust still showed a bit and especially noticed at Wiener roasts. A sudden interest in the R.K.O. on Monday after¬ noons and a greater affinity than ever for the common room. Fourth Act :—Only a flake of dust left when she tried her pet on the ceiling of a certain apart¬ ment. Hockey now forgotten for an interest in curling and only an occasional interest in the R.K.O. In this act we find " Pat’s” quali¬ ties as a true and sympathetic friend which were noticed before, but which now came into the foreground. Also an ability to al¬ ways go beneath the surface to find one’s true qualities and to stick by them when found. Epilogue :—An efficient stenog¬ rapher, with increasing interests, but it is rumored Miss Lucy Sny¬ der brings renown to Winnipeg as a champion curler. RJ STAPLES Disregarding Horace Greeley’s words, Rj came to Wesley in ’28, loaded down with musical instru¬ ments and with the intention of receiving a degree in Arts. Handicapped at having been out of school for several years, and at coming in as a freshie soph, it was not long before Rj was onto the way of things, and was at once recognized as a leader. Rj is sympathetic and under¬ standing, which makes him a good friend to all. He is thorough in all his work, a student of philos¬ ophy, one who knows, loves, and appreciates music, and a gentle¬ man. From the first, Rj has played an active role in student activities, which are all too numerous to mention. As president of his class his cool-headedness prevented many a crisis. As representative on the U.M.S.U. Council he took an active part. Lastly but not the least: the students of the United Colleges conferred upon Rj the highest honor in their power, namely, that of Senior Stick. It is vox 51 in this office that Rj has excelled himself, and he has left on envi¬ able record of achievement. Rj’s great ambition is to be an architect, but he feels like the rest of us, that his future is quite un¬ certain, but whatever his chosen profession may be, we feel confi¬ dent that he will rise to the top. “To thine own self be true and it must follow as the night the day, thou canst not be false to any man.”—quickly describes his char¬ acter. —L.A.S., ’31 (Hon.) WINNIFRED STEVENSON Boissevain claims Winnie and proudly so! It was there during her adolescent years that her keen community spirit and admirable Irish characteristics were first evinced and appreciated. At the completion of her High School work in 1927, she came to Winnipeg, and without having to circumnavigate the precincts of Wesley or wait for the trumpet blast, she entered the gates of Knowledge, for she was fully qualified, and after four success¬ ful years, she is now prepared to pass out through the gates again, and in her zeal and enthusiasm to add to her scholastic attain¬ ments, she will proceed to another seat of learning to specialize in those subjects which will enable her to make a greater contribution to the teaching profession which she hopes to grace. She has taken a very active part in college social activities in con¬ nection with both residence and the college at large; and has filled in a most creditable way, the office of dramatic representative for the present year, as well as being chosen to play on the Co-ed curl¬ ing team where she displayed her usual co-operative spirit. Because of the charm of man¬ ner and friendly spirit which are hers by nature, she has greatly en¬ deared herself to all the students with whom she has come in con¬ tact. The good wishes of her many college friends will follow her as she goes farther afield in con¬ tinuing her studies. —J.P.B. —M.E.R. B. HAROLD STINSON Harold is a son of the soil, claiming Lyleton as the most fav¬ ored spot in Manitoba. Being academically inclined, Harold stepped forth from Melita High School, having received a Pro¬ vincial Scholarship in Grade X. Having thus made a success of study himself, he was stimulated as a pedagogue to encourage others to do likewise. A few years later 52 VOX he arrived at Wesley in the autumn of ’28, an experienced teacher with a permanent first class certificate. He surely has not been inactive during his three years here. From the outset it became known that if a task entailing considerable work had to be done, at least one person could be found to do it. Conse¬ quently Harold has found himself “swamped” with offices. He has given of his time to S.C.M., Dra¬ matics, Vox, Bulletin Board, sport of all kinds, reporting. House Committee, International Affairs, and College Finance. His great¬ est achievements have been in the handling of the Bulletin Board, where his constant interest helped to win so many championships last year; as Student Treasurer, where he has performed the duties of the office in a manner deserving great credit; and in his constant interest in athletics, which has been rewarded with the opportunity of making his still further contribu¬ tion next year as President. Harold is a sincere friend, an ardent supporter of college activity, and a student indeed. May he ever receive his desert at the hands of Providence. —H.J.H. J. EMERSON THOMPSON Everybody must “shush.” This story may be interesting for those who have attempted to ob¬ tain the maximum from the mini¬ mum. Emmie can acquaint you with many walks of life—whether rid¬ ing the rods through the Rockies or dining with millionaires at ex¬ clusive clubs. Life for him is one big experience after another. He is always game for doing things. In college life he has contrib¬ uted colorful touches to its various phases. He has gathered athletic awards in sporting circles and pop¬ ularity in the “social whirl.” His name is associated with the “roar¬ in’ game” in particular, but he has found time for cuspidor hockey, St. Patrick day fights, outstand¬ ing dance parties, and the faculty meetings. As for residence life he made it interesting and worth while for two years and then sought a change. The final year has resulted in a " suite experience” for this blond college lad. His four outstanding years have been founded upon a singular and winning personality and ability to cope with any situation confront¬ ing him. We want you to keep up the battle, Emmie, as life holds a great deal in store for you yet. —C.F.S.G., ’31. BARNEY THORDARSON A son of Iceland—with an Irish name! Six foot two and a 100% good scout! That’s Barney! Also an illustration of the truth of the old adage that " The bigger they are, the harder they fall.” Barney vox 53 has fallen hard—but nobody is surprised. We’ve met her. Barney was born at Langruth, and there he received his early education. He entered Wesley as a freshman in September, 1926, but did not return for his Sophomore year till 1929, meanwhile assum¬ ing the role of rural and village teacher. Coming back some eigh¬ teen months ago, Barney made up for lost time by taking his last three years work in two, with the help of the Manitoba Summer School. Barney has enjoyed the distinc¬ tion of being the only person who ever graduated while President of the Third Year class. But he made a good job of both, and at the same time found time and energy to carry twenty units, teach Grade IX Latin, fulfil his duties as Secre¬ tary of the Student Body , and es¬ tablish a record in Vox advertising —not to mention the writing of many letters that were not strictly business. How he does it we don’t know, for he never works on holi¬ days—Easter, for example. After graduation, Barney will return to his pedagogical pursuits. He has already arranged for an assistant. He has been a good stu¬ dent; he will be a good teacher; he is a real friend. We wish every success and hap¬ piness to —both of them! B.H.S., 31. IDA E. WAINES A native and one of the fine products of Virden, Manitoba, Ida received her High School educa¬ tion in the Collegiate Institute of that town. Having completed Grade XII, she attended Normal in Regina and taught for some time in the Province of Saskatchewan. Urged by a desire for greater knowledge, she entered Wesley as a Sophomore in 1929. By the way of enthusiastic endeavor, two terms in Summer School, and the burning of much midnight oil, Ida achieved three years’ work in two and entered her Senior Year as a member of Class ’31. During her busy college career she has proved herself capable, as assistant Vox Bulletin Board Edi¬ tor—practical, as a member of the S.C.M. Executive and Sparling Hall House Committee, efficiency itself on a refreshment committee and as a friend—staunch and true. As she goes out again into the field of pedagogy we wish for her all joy and continued success. —E.E.S., ’31. 54 VOX Convocation, 1931 “Convocation”—a magic word each year to so many, truly a “call¬ ing together” in ever increasing numbers. An event dreamed of and longed for months in advance because it will mean successful achievement and an end of lectures which after four years have lost somewhat of their charm; an event viewed with some regret when it arrives, since it means the inevitable breaking of college con¬ tacts and the losing touch with many; an event held supreme with¬ in the memory, perhaps forever. Is this, perhaps, only true of a cer¬ tain portion of the students or is the gentleman an exception who remarked, “I never thought much of Convocation when I graduated, but these girls certainly seem to get a wonderful thrill out of it.” We wonder whether it is the stu¬ dents who are growing more tardy or the members of the faculty and boards, for it worries us a little to see a 10 o’clock ceremony com¬ mencing at 10:25 when last.year it was only 10:20! There is sin¬ cere relief and appreciation felt and expressed when the curtain rises to reveal the dear old Archbishop, our Chancellor, once more in the centre of the stage; the graduates had been afraid he might not be well enough and he has become so much a part of the ceremony that his absence would have been a great disappointment. As it is, the graduates are de¬ prived of the Chancellor’s annual address and kindly advice which they have come to expect and en¬ joy and the President of the Uni¬ versity relieves him by himself giving a report of the University for the past year. Among many items were noted the facts that this year 2844 students replace the 2888 of last year and that over a period of five years an average of 71 % of the students graduate. The President reviews the pro¬ gress of the new buildings and commends all those who have given of their time and thought to the task of arranging the best for the new University of Mani¬ toba—a University which is not intended only for specialists, but also for those students interested in a general course. At this im¬ pressive moment a ripple of laughter surmounts the rustlings and shufflings of a large audience, for an immense grey cat appears on the platform, brushes past the President and dodges under the chairs of dignified professors to disappear, but the President, seem¬ ingly unaware, goes serenely on. To those of us who have heard so often that our fees do not begin to cover the cost to the University of our year’s work, a further note was interesting, namely, that in the junior years, at least where classes run to fifty or more, they practically maintain themselves. As the University students arise to be presented by Dean Tier for their degree of Bachelor of Arts, there is a leaning forward and ad¬ miring glances by relatives and friends. We are so interested, so eagerly enjoying every minute that it comes as a jarring note to hear someone behind say in a very pes¬ simistic and mournfully toneless voice, “What are all these students going to do—where are they ever all going to find work. . . ” and we realize that we have forgotten to note anything of interest for Vox —oh well, we are sure she is mistaken. When the United Colleges stu¬ dents are presented by Dr. Riddell vox 55 we are even more interested and applaud whole-heartedly, for everyone is looking “her” loveliest and the “hims” endeavor to ap¬ pear nonchalant as all cross the platform to receive a parchment. And so through the Science and Honor degrees. There seems a splendid number receiving their Masters degree, but it is impossible to hear any of the ceremony except the regular in¬ tonation of the Chancellor as once again he repeats in his deep, full voice the well known but revered formula, “By virtue of the author¬ ity invested in me as Chancellor of the University, I admit you to the degree of Master of Arts and con¬ fer upon you all the rights and privileges thereto pertaining.” A few special degrees remain to be conferred before the close. The case of Alexander Bajkov is unique—a native of Moscow, driv¬ en to Czecho-Slovakia by Bolshe¬ vik persecution, he came here only five years ago and now receives the degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Eleanor Dowding, too, becomes Doctor of Philosophy—the first lady in Western Canada to receive this distinction and the fourth per¬ son to receive it from the Univer¬ sity of Manitoba. Among the Honorary degree re¬ cipients we were most happy and delighted to see our own beloved Dr. Elliott. In presenting him Dr. Riddell used these phrases, among others, to describe him— still a diligent and industrious stu¬ dent, a mature scholar, an inter¬ preter of philosophy both ancient and modern, a wise and inspiring teacher, an Irishman, one who in¬ sisted that his class “Think the thing through,” a significant de¬ mand nowadays. Dr. Elliott ac¬ cepted his degree of Doctor of Laws, his hood and the thunder¬ ous applause with his usual grave demeanor. The presentation of medals, the announcement of scholarships and “The King” concludes the cere¬ mony of Convocation for another year and Class ' 31 has passed to the ranks of the great. We are sorry to lose you, ’31, the College will miss your willing helpful¬ ness, but since these things must be, good-bye and good luck. —L.J.S., ’32 (H.) A college student once found his way out into the prairie to spend his “holidays.” The farmer sized him up and asked him how he was at running—“Well,” he answered, “I’m fair at it, as I placed second in the interfaculty 220.” “Well,” said the boss, “we’ll see how good you are—go and round up the sheep.” Time passed and the poor duffer had not returned, but finally he staggered into the house—“Well, I got them at last, he remarked. “The sheep came pretty easy, but I had a terrible time getting the lambs. ” “Lambs,” said the farmer, “we have no lambs!” So he went out to investigate and to his sur¬ prise found six exhausted jackrab- bits in the pen with the sheep. We wonder who placed first in the in¬ terfaculty! Hotel Clerk (writing a form) — “Name, please?” Guest—“Tammas MacTavish MacHaggis.” Clerk—‘ ‘Nationality ?” —Wall Street Journal. On mules we find two legs behind And two we find before. We slap behind before we find What the two behind be for. 56 VOX Student Treasurer’s Report Financially, the year just closing has been a success. While many improvements in general management can still be made, steps have been taken to keep expenditures at a minimum, with the result that we close the term with an estimated surplus of approximately two hundred and thirty dollars ($230) on the year’s activities. The membership of the student body for the year numbered 384, of whom 208 paid the $10.00 fee required of Arts, Science and The¬ ology student members, the remaining 176 paking the Collegiate De¬ partment fees according to the grade being taken and the corresponding student privileges shared. Although every department was very active throughout the year, all are able t o show at least a small balance on hand at the close of activities. Prospective students may ask, “What do we get for our student fees?” To this we reply, “You get just what you go after.” The following privileges are open to all who have paid student fees and are thus members of the Student Body: Athletics (Track, Basketball, Football, Tennis, Skating, Hockey) ; Debating, Dramatics, Social func¬ tions, Vox (the College magazine), and The Manitoban (the Univers¬ ity weekly paper). All of these activities come in the field of inter-class as well as inter-faculty competition, and for those who excel in Athletics or Debating there is also the wider field of inter-Varsity competition. How many of these one may participate in depends on his own inclina¬ tion and ability. In presenting this final report, I would like to thank the Student Council, the heads of the various executives, and the students in general, for their co-operation, which has made the handling of the student finances easier than it might have been. And I would bespeak the same care as to expenditure and the same co-operation for the coming year, when Mr. Bragg becomes my worthy successor at the seat of custom. Following is the statement of the year’s receipts and expenditures according to departments: Financial Statement, May 5th, 1931 Receipts Account Fees Other Total Athletics_ _$ 576.00 $ 179.00 $ 755.00 Debating_ 15.00 15.00 Dramatics _ _ 57.60 164.40 222.00 Co-Ed Association _ _ _ 115.20 95.02 210.22 Social and Literary _ _ 867.00 161.57 1,028.57 Vox _ _ 288.00 342.10 630.10 U.M.S.U. _ _ 725.50 725.50 General Account _ _ 447.20 243.26f 690.46 $3,076.50 $1,200.35 $4,276.85 No provision made for debating in allocation of student fees, but the sum of fifteen dollars voted by the Council. ■(This amount made up of a credit balance of $193.26 from last year supplemented by a vote of $50.00 from the Co-Eds for Brown and Gold. vox 57 Expenditures Account To Date Future T otal Balance Athletics _ __$ 647.44 $ 647.44 $ 107.56 Debating_ 14.00 14.00 1.00 Dramatics .. _ .. 221.26 221.26 .74 Co-Ed Association__ __ 183.55 183.55 26.67 Social and Literary__ _ 861.91 861.91 166.66 Vox _ _ - 428.78 170.00 598.78 31.32 IJ.M.S.U_ 725.50 725.50 General Account _ __ 358.50 240.00 598.50 91.96 $3,440.95 $ 410.00 $3,850.94 $ 425.91 The estimated expenditures of $170.00 and $240.00 in the Vox and General Accounts respectively provide for the cost of this issue of the College magazine and the settlement of the “Brown and Gold’’ account which has not yet been submited by the Year Book Executive. Of the total fees collected ($3,076.50), only twenty-six hundred and sixty dollars ($2,600.00) has been drawn from the office of the Registrar. Thus we will begin the new year with four hundred and six¬ teen dollars and fifty cents ($416.50) to our credit in the college office and a small balance in the bank. The funds are handled entirely by cheque through the Portage and Good Branch of the Royal Bank of Canada. Following is the budget for 1931-32 as presented to the Finance Committee, and recommended by the Student Council to the Student Body, by which body it was accepted and duly ratified. It will be noted that no radical changes have been made, except that Debating is recognized for the first time in the annual budget. Grades Grade Grade Arts, Science IX and X XI XII arid Theology Athletics _ _$1.50 $1.50 $1.50 $1.50 Social and Literary _ _ .75 2.25 2.50 2.50 Vox _ _ .75 .75 .75 .75 Co-Eds _ . _ .25 .25 .25 .25 Dramatics _ _ .15 .15 .15 .15 Debating _ _ _ _ .10 .10 .10 .10 U.M.S.U. 3.50 General _ _ .50 .50 1.25 1.25 Total _ 7 __..$4.00 $5.50 $6.50 $10.00 N.B.—The above allotment is not to be taken as a final division of funds, but rather as a guide to expenditure. Respectfully submited, HAROLD STINSON, General Student Treasurer. Vox Executive 1930-31 58 VOX 0 3 vox 59 Grade XII Graduates Aitken, Ella Baker, Annie Bell, Gilbert Blair, Constance Braid, Clarence Buick, Margaret Cameron, Clare Cathcart, Irene Clarke, Mary Cleaver, Grace Copley, Elizabeth Corda, Amy Danilevitch, Annie Davis, Corinne Dernier, Mollie Eliuk, John Ewanchuk, Michael Fanumn, Annie Ferguson, Elmer Ferguson, Ethel Ferguson, May Fraser, James Fraser, William Fyfe, Irene Goulding, Jean Graham, Doris Grandy, Doris Greschuk, Beatrice Grossman, Catherine Harley, Arthur Hinds, Lorainne Hobson, Kenneth Jackson, Evelyn Kaprawy, Anton Kasian, Nicholas Klassen, Anna Kowalech, Joseph Krucik, Dan Kulachkowsky, Mary Leatherdale, Kenneth Lecoq, George Lowery, Dorothy Marshall, Lawrence Martin, Emily McAllister, Homer McDougald, Glen McLaughlin, Thomas McLean, Mary McMillan, George Mead, Lillian Milbrandt, William Nazeravitch, Mary Nykarchuck, Paul Olchowechi, Peter Prossak, Sophie Prout, Minnie Rattliff, Frank Rose, Margaret Ross, Herrick Russell, Ruby Scott, Helen Scott, Janet Senicie, Jennie Sharpe, Ruth Shier, Beatrice Somerville, Irvine Stevenson, Willard Stewart, Helen Tanchak, Helen Thorvaldson, Maybelle Toporowsky, Mary Vankoughnet, Audrey Waddell, Isabel Wainwright, Bertha Wardrop, June Wheatley, Grace Woods, Kathleen Young, Bernice Grade XI Graduates Blackmore, Stanley Brown, Harold Buckingham, Clarence Butt, John Cockett, Mrs. Leild Christopherson, Olive Crossen, William Daly, Kathleen Denner, John Dillabough, Marjorie Duff, Margaret Fidler, John Geddes, Luva Gordon, Norma Higgins, Jessie Hinks, Cecil Hunter, Georgina Jessop, Lome Kerns, Mary Kosasky, Hyman Krentz, Walter Marat, Edna Marchant, Lawrence McCoubrey, Dorothy Miller, Donald Orton, Lois Owens, James Parsons, Myrtle Patterson, Grace Pelton, Edward Ramsay, Cyrus Riley, Donald Ross, W. Carlton Saunders, Thomas Schuetze, Richard Smith, Marjorie Sterland, Dorothy Stevens, Dorothy Storr, Phyllis Tomlinson, Lome Turner, Edward Waines, Myrtle Williams, Joan Yacheson, Minnie 60 VOX S.C.M. Executive 1930-31 BACK Row—J ean Holt, R. J. Love, B. C. King, S. H. Knowles, Luella Sprung, L. C. Stinson, H. J. Harland, D. Conly, Lilian Racey. FRONT Row—G. D. Box, Margaret Mellish, Dr. L. W. Moffit (Hon. President), J. P. Brown (President), Ida Waines. Co-Ed Executive 1930-31 BACK Row—J ean Newman, Norma Gordon, Ruth Armstrong, Jean Fraser, Marjorie Elliott, FRONT Row—M argaret Mellish, Mrs. O. T. Anderson (Hon. President), Luella Sprung (Lady Stick, President) , Olive Glinz, Frances Mills. vox 61 A Fool Rushed In! By C. C„ ’33 A ticklish task has fallen to my lot, and while, when I was ap¬ proached, I readily enough agreed to undertake it, since then I have sev¬ eral times despaired of bringing it to a successful end. Now, as many well know, it is not usual for me to be at all squeamish over a journal¬ istic adventure ( quite on the contrary, I usually rush into a thing with bull-like impetuosity) ; this time, however, I have a very definite feel¬ ing of incapacity: not only do I feel that I cannot do justice to my task, but that I cannot do it at all. It is really a dreadful state of affairs. And yet, because I promised, so must I at least attempt execution—hoping that the gods will smile on me, and that I shall make the least possible hash of the venture. In the last issue of Vox, and by other mediums, it was noised abroad that a Quidders’ Club was meeting twice a week throughout the two terms. Insufficient details accompanied this news, creating mild speculation and wodering comment in halls and class-rooms. What, why, who, were the Quidders? It is not my task to answer these questions—and yet, in a way, that is involved. Briefly, the Quidders are seven Sophomore men who formed a discussion club; they formed this club because they felt that something is lacking, perhaps facilities for the exchange of ideas, perhaps intimate intellectual associations between students, and that there is a real need for supplementing academic as¬ similation with personal experience; the names of these Quidders are — But in that, if in any of the above questions, lies a goodly part of my task. At the last meeting, each member told briefly “What the Club Has Meant to Me.” And of course, I, blundering along on an original tack, got up and made some very personal and very ill-timed remarks on outstanding intellectual characteristics of the members and what I had learned from them. After several interruptions I concluded this boorish performance. It was then decided that the members should pair off, choose three subjects and each pair write on the pros and cons of their subject. To the odd member should fall the lot of prefacing these short discussional papers by a suitable introduction. And such is what this task is supposed to be. Thinking to myself that it would be quite suffic¬ ient to reproduce in substance the remarks I made concerning the mem¬ bers at the final meeting, I went on no further search for ideas. But now that I have begun to write this article, I fear greatly that I have—yes, I shall say it!—bitten off more than I can chew. And the worst of it is, I have no other ideas, and no time to go questing for them. Perforce. I must continue the original plan, come that which will. What? Foul villain! black, misbegotten, hellish fiend! vile, heinous, devilish monster! Back to your sulphurous, stygian, unplumbed depths! Speak not, lest the very heavens in their unutterable fury rain a ghastly dew on your evil, shaggy head! Stop up your mouth, let no bitter ac- 62 VOX cents blare out; blame not, praise not; in silence return to your sinister den. The gods themselves move not in faintest speech to reveal what you would thunder forth! Creep down into the dismal reaches of your dia¬ bolic gehenna, and forever hold your peace! A fool rushed in—and now he rushes out! University Life - And Drifting “You can ' t be a sport and a student.” This statement was made to the writer some years ago by a serious-minded young fellow who was “working his passage” through University—a youth who had a vision of his goal, and who kept his feet in the paths of pur¬ pose, in spite of the fact that his fellow-students thought him “queer.” Knowing something of “sports” and of students, we are inclined to agree with him, and every exam¬ ination period produces fresh evi¬ dence to support the statement. “I didn’t do much studying during the term, but I sure had a good time,” is a remark heard with suf¬ ficient frequency to make it almost commonplace. And the result of the good time usually is a mad mental scrambling over the term’s notes during the last week or two preceding exams, and failure. Nor is the failure less real when bare pass marks are obtained, comfort¬ ing though they may be, for there is little retention of “crammed” learning and the success indicated by pass marks may be its direct opposite in the matter of perma¬ nent benefit derived from study. Yet there is a real place for “good times” at college. The com¬ petitive activities of track and field, arena and gymnasium, have a definite contribution to make to the physical and mental well-being of college youth. Clubs for dra- (Continued on page 63, col. 1) University Life - With a Purpose Why does Nature demand that we spend the first year of our lives in our cradles? Why the enforced expenditure of a number of years of play and why have we to ar¬ rive at about the age of twenty before we attain our full stature? If we wish to pursue the question further we might ask also why we spend seven or eight hours per day in bed or why a woman spends several hours dressing herself be¬ fore attending a social function. So many times have we heard it said, “Life is short.” We are perplexed, therefore, when we think how much longer life might be if these seemingly wasted hours could be turned to good account. The ob¬ vious answer to these queries is that preparation is • necessary in every sphere of life. It is the par¬ ents’ duty to see that the child spends its early years to advantage. We all know the importance of ob¬ taining a sound and refreshing sleep for the ensuing day’s labors, and the woman realizes that the time she spends before her mirror is not fruitless. It is the same with the years spent at the University. Some will use those years pursuing tasks with energy and enterprise—others wan¬ der through in the grip of leth¬ argy and idleness. It is not the purpose of the writer to be a kill¬ joy—there are many activities ex¬ tant in college life—these demand attention—often we find that, (Continued on page 63, col. 2) vox 63 (Continued from page 62, col. 1) matics, debating, choral singing, etc., and the social functions of classes and groups, all these are valuable accessories to the main purpose of college life—but they are accessories only. Insofar as they afford relaxation from study, de¬ velop capacities, and provide means for self-expression without weak¬ ening the educational purpose of a University career, they are good. The present tendency is towards over-indulgence in the social and athletic life of our educational in¬ stitutions at the expense of learn¬ ing that is necessary to the best use and enjoyment of the future. The play impulse of youth must be controlled in the interests of the man or woman you hope to be. “You can’t be a sport and a stu¬ dent.” —T.A.P., ’33. The Academic Student — Pro. In setting forth the merits of the purely academic character, sev¬ eral points come to mind. Everyone whose soul is alive, is searching for the Truth of Life. Truth is the Perfect arrangement of and attitude towards Knowl¬ edge. The man who spends his nights and days reading the heart out of books is pursuing and gain¬ ing knowledge, knowledge which is necessary for the Quest of Truth to begin. The voracious reader is having a multitude of ideas pres¬ ented to his mind for consideration. The more he reads of other men’s thoughts, the more are the ideas presented to him, and the more is¬ sues of Life does he become con¬ scious of—that, to me, is the func¬ tion of books, to make one alive to and conscious of certain very (Continued on page 64, col. 1) (Continued from page 62, col. 2) obeying the impulse to associate ourselves with these activities, we unravel some buried treasure with¬ in our deeper nature—to get the best then from our University life we must devote ourselves wholly to our task. But we go to bed with the de¬ finite purpose of sleeping—to the dining-room to eat—so is there a definite purpose in life. The true student will come to University with his plans all drawn up. It is very easy to set oneself the hazy target—B.A. What will that B.A. mean to you? Those who have come with the intention of fitting themselves for a known position in life will not hesitate in choosing their subjects or their extra-curric¬ ular activities, for all will converge to that, as yet, spot on the hor¬ izon. These people have a mission in life, and nothing will turn them from it. They have come to Uni¬ versity to prepare to carry out their work more effectively. The justification for the ex¬ istence of the University is that all students should come with such an aim, and in so doing, the years they pass within the halls of learn¬ ing will be those of determined preparation, which is, after all. a part of the serious business of life. —G.B.P., 33. The Academic Student — Con. Like most phrases in current use, the meaning is very vague and generalized. The academic student, as I understand it, is one whose book knowledge is greater than his experience, and is content that it should be so. The evils of such an attitude are sufficiently obvious as to suggest (Continued on page 64, col. 2) 64 VOX (Continued from pafe 63, col. 1) definite questions in Life, which have to be decided; in other words, to broaden one’s field of thinking, and increase the number of sub¬ jects for meditation. The student then who is scholarly in his pur¬ suits, travels through life alive to It, and its multiplicity of issues, while the general student never has time to pursue his studies far, and spends his cycle in benumbed ig¬ norance of the whole game. He either does not care to apprehend the Truth of Life, or is content to let others decide it for him; at any rate he is not spending his time and energy on Its Quest. In perfect opposition to this attitude is that of the academic student who through his study is conscious of the problems of the Universe, and is spending his time and life energy in attempting to solve those ques¬ tions for himself. He is intellectu¬ ally honest, will not rest till he has satisfied himself on these ques¬ tions which have been puzzling him—he is engaged in a vital search for the precious answer to the problem of Life Itself; but the " all-round” student seems dodging the issue, never facing up to it, always running from it, and in the end going ignorant or accepting someone else’s answer, either solu¬ tion being ignoble when compared with that of the academic student. G.M.C.S., ’33. The Examination System - No? Before our University confers upon us a degree—-that hall-mark of a sound education—examina¬ tions of some kind are necessary both to determine our standing and —in the earlier stages—to ensure that we make satsifactory progress. (Continued on page 65, col. 1) (Continued from page 63, col. 2) my own objection. It is axiomatic truth that we only truly under¬ stand what we have experienced; and when the academic student voluntarily restricts the field of ex¬ perience he not only prevents him¬ self from fully appreciating the ideas he “assimilates,” but those practical difficulties which make " the best laid plans of mice and men gang aft aglee.” Indeed it is this failure which has earned them the disparaging epithets of " the¬ orists” and “doctrinaires.” Of course this situation is not necessary — as action without thought is as dangerous as thought without action. But its existence does indicate a failure—which can be traced back to the academic scholar—as he is, not as he should be. For this reason, the academic student’s depreciation of experience —the ultimate test of all that we say or do—should be discouraged. —W.N., ’33. The Examination System - Yes? A dispensable inheritance from musty tradition is our written ex¬ amination. We do not think that we can complete a period’s work without the eclat of inane swot¬ ting and ingurgitation. A written examination of this type shifts the aim and approach of all but very strong-willed students in their work from an introduction into the realms of several subjects to the knack of being able to put down on paper a number of un¬ masticated morsels of facts and an occasional original thought, with the accompanying alarming moral degradation! I do not believe in too much specialization. The first two years (Continued on page 65, col. 2) vox 65 (Continued from page 64, col. 1) But not only are examinations of service to the examining author¬ ities, they have a distinct value for the examinee. They make certain demands upon his ability to or¬ ganize his knowledge and train him to think through a question or problem clearly and to answer con¬ cisely and pertinently. For this reason I am quite opposed to any system of daily or weekly oral tests. These have no educational value and are conducive to a slov¬ enly mind. There can be no evad¬ ing the challenge of a three hour written examination; a student knows just where and how he stands. Nevertheless, the present system has obvious points of weakness. It sets a premium upon cramming (i.e., unintelligent, last minute pre¬ paration of a subject with a single eye to the needs of the examina¬ tion) , for it is manifestly impos¬ sible in one term either to cover a great deal of ground or to do any very specialised or intensive study. And the pass mark is only 50%! The result is that the Manitoba pass B.A. is becoming increasingly valueless. The wonder is that any fail to obtain it. Now the deletion of the Christmas examinations would have a very beneficial result (and I do not mean merely that examiners and examinees would be able to approach the festive season with lighter hearts, though that would be something). If a stu¬ dent has to write one examination on the whole year’s work he will have to know it. Unintelligent cramming will hardly help him here. Were there more continuity and specialization in the courses of study, it might be well to have only two examinations—one half¬ way and one at the end. Certainly (Continued on page 66, col. 1) (Continued from page 64, col. 2) should be divided among a number of two unit subjects and a few four unit, in order to afford the stud¬ ent a wide approach. Hence, but two written examinations in four or five years would hardly be suit¬ able, for the results they attempt to establish. Also it might be ar¬ gued that written examinations benefit a student. But what service is learning to write well with the pen going to be if one cannot pro¬ duce things to write? A copying clerk doesn’t go far in this world. Examinations should not act as sieves, letting through those who pass certain requirements, restrain¬ ing others, at the end of a period Rather, since, alas, examinations are still necessary in our educa¬ tional system, they should see that the student keeps abreast of his work at all times, and should al¬ ways be very much in the back¬ ground. A daily test, written and corrected by the student could take but five minutes or little more. These tests should have to do not with what the professor has been telling the student but with what the student has found out himself by his private study following up¬ on the professor’s lecture, and they should confine themselves to a very few questions answerable in a sent¬ ence or two. A student does not need to rant on for two or three pages upon a subject to prove to his examiner that he knows the subject: for a subtle question re¬ quiring but a few words’ answer will accomplish the same. By this method the professor would know at once whether a student was getting anything from his work or not. How many stud¬ ents keep their private study up to their classroom work? A despic¬ ably small number! (Continued on page 66, col. 2) 6b VOX (Continued from page 65, col. 1) a pre-graduation examination on the whole course would be advan¬ tageous. To illustrate what I mean; suppose that for the fourth and fifth year honor courses there were but one examination—pre¬ graduation—who can doubt but that such a system would form a much sounder basis for testing the candidate’s real knowledge and also give him a much better oppor¬ tunity of displaying his ability? Piecemeal examinations (plus sup- plementals) are inimical to real worth while results. But perhaps we don’t want to see our standards raised? Would not such reforms as here suggested interfere with the divine right of every Canadian to a University ed¬ ucation? Neverthless, low stand¬ ards and easy tasks never called forth the best in anyone—individ¬ ual or community. Our present system of examining is like teach¬ ing a child a poem by having it recite one line per day; by the time you have got to the end, the child has quite forgot whether the poem was “A Psalm of Life” or “The Charge of the Light Bri¬ gade.” Non Satis! —W.G.O. During the week following Eas¬ ter, three boys in Fourth Year were studying Browning together. Al¬ lan reads “By the Fire-side,” pic¬ turing an old man reminiscing with a book of Greek verse upon his knee. Allan—“There’ll be no book of Greek verse upon my knee.” Barney—“I know what I’ll have on my knee.” And he wondered why Allan and Harold laughed. (Continued from page 65, col. 2) Every week a class might have an oral exposition from students, covering the course being surveyed. If a man cannot rise and speak im¬ promptu upon a subject with which he has been dealing for a week, a month, or a longer period back, he should not be allowed to undertake any course! Higher grades in our High Schools should be provided for these spoon-ladled varieties. When a student has writ¬ ten examination to fall back on to procure him a degree, he will inev¬ itably be benumbed and torpid in the lecture-room, only mentally alert enough to take down imbecile notes. Facts will always be useful only as a rude structure. As long as a student refrains from thinking, he will never be able to clothe them in the raiment of Self Development and Perfection. —B.C.K., ’33. AT Hollinsworth’s You Will Always Find Smart — Dependable — Merchandise — Dresses — Coats Furs MODERATELY PRICED We Invite Your Inspection vox 67 The Registrar’s Report as Given Recognition Night Mr. Chairman, Members of the Board and Faculty, Friends of the College: The object of this report is to place before you such information concerning our students as will lead to a clearer conception of the work of the College, the area from which students come, the numbers which have enrolled in each academic year, the homes from which these stu¬ dents have come, how each of the different racial stocks which have come to Canada is represented, and how many have come from each religious denomination, and at what age the students come. Our total registration this year is 578 as compared with 488 last session. This is an increase of 90 over the last session and an increase of 81 over the session 1928-29. These figures include the summer school in Grade XI, which had a registration of 73, an increase of 32 over the previous summer. They also include students who are registered as University students. These come into all the classes in Arts. The num¬ ber this year stands at 82. As far as our records show, the students find themselves studying courses in the following years: ARTS Regular University Total Fifth Year Honors _ _ 7 7 Fourth Year Honors _ _ 3 3 Fourth Year General _ _ _ 32 19 51 Third Year _ _ _ _ 24 14 38 Second Year _ _ 75 44 119 First Year _ _ 69 5 74 COLLEGIATE Grade XII_ 86 Grade XI _ 51 Grade X _ 45 Grade IX _ 31 - 213 Grade XI Summer School _ 73 Total _ 578 The students who come from homes outside the city still form a large part of the student body. While 216 give their home address as outside the city, it is quite clear that some of the 362 who have given a city address as their home and have done so because their parents have moved to the city for the covenience of their children during the session. There are 2 1 of the national stocks which have come to Canada, represented in our student body. Apart from Canadians who number 297 the English stand first with 74; the Scotch 48; Ukrainians 40; Jewish 36; Irish 26; German 8; Polish 8; Icelandic 6, and so on. Our students in classifying themselves according to religion have indicated that there are 21 sects represented. The United Church stands first with 341; Anglican is represented by 77; Jewish 38: Presbyterian 68 VOX 26: Roman Catholic 20; Baptist 16, and so on through the remainder of the list. This year the men number 297 and the ladies 281, giving 16 of a majority for men. The ladies have a majority in Grade XII of 30; Third Year of 8; Fourth Year, Fourth Year Honors and Fifth Year Honors of one each. There is a considerable majority in the number of men in First and Second Years. There is a graduating class of 7 in Fifth Year Honors and 32 in the Pass Course in Fourth Year. To this may be added the three who are pursuing the Honors Course in that year. This would make a graduating class of 42. Since the home from whence a student comes has much to do with the character of the contribution the student makes to the college, care¬ ful record is kept of the sphere of life in which the bread-winner of the family labors. The wide range of activities involved in the specialized life of today is reflected by the students who have indicated that they come from homes supported by persons laboring in 112 occupations. This year, as usual, the homes of farmers supply by far the largest group. The farm is represented by 64. The next largest group comes from the homes of 44 merchants, railway employees number 33, homes devoting themselves to managerial work 28, homes which have lost the male bread-winner sent 26, ministers 24, retired 16, doctors 13, con¬ tractors 11, insurance and manufacturers each 10, accountants 9, lawyers and teachers each 8, travellers 7, etc. In concluding this report, I would like to present some details concerning the ages of our students. The largest group—122—this year is composed of those 1 8 years of age and are distributed through the work from Grade X to Fifth Year Honors. The next largest is the group of 17 years of age totalling 113. Those 16 have 81, those 19 and 20 have 59 and 49 respectively. Out of 578 students 538 are between the ages 13 and 25 inclusive. The balance range between the ages of 26 and 42. All of which is respectfully submitted, A. S. CUMMINGS. MILK — The Best By Every Test Be Sure It’s — vox 69 The Policy and Programme of Wesley College By President J. H. Riddell The policy of Wesley College is the same today as it has been throughout her history. The col¬ lege still adheres firmly to its orig¬ inal design as set forth on the day of its organization. That design, stated briefly, is to assist in provid¬ ing higher education for young peo¬ ple under Christian influences. In carrying out this design, the atten¬ tion of the college was directed at first to the young people scattered over the middle west of Canada, a territory covering that portion of the Dominion lying north of the international boundary and extend¬ ing from the lakes to the moun¬ tains. After the western part of this vast area then known as the North- West Territories was erected in¬ to provinces and so provided their own institutions, both academic and theological, Wesley College naturally became responsible, for the most part, to the young people of Manitoba and Western Ontario, but the college, for various reasons, still attracted a large number of students from Saskatchewan. In the early days Wesley Col¬ lege, in conjunction with other af¬ filiated colleges, supplied all the higher education in this vast terri¬ tory; but from a date a little before 1900 the State, through the Pro¬ vincial University, gradually and in increasing measure assumed the responsibility for teaching courses in higher education. Up to that time the University of Manitoba was an examining and degree con¬ ferring body modelled on the Uni¬ versity of London, England. Early in this process first by co-operation among themselves the colleges pro¬ vided instruction in Physical Sci¬ ence and then by retirement they left this field to the Council of the University of Manitoba, assisted by the Provincial Government; but Wesley College, with the other af¬ filiated colleges, continued to pro¬ vide the buildings for housing the other departments and also the necessary instruction in them. In 1914 the University of Man¬ itoba became fully organized and set up instruction in the great ma¬ jority of courses leading to an Arts degree, and extended its efforts to professional fields hitherto untouched. Of necessity the affili¬ ated colleges were called upon to adjust themselves to the new order and organization. Some persons associated with these colleges felt that inasmuch as the University was now providing instruction in almost all of the courses the col¬ leges should retire from this field and confine their attention to such courses as were not assumed by the University, and particularly to the Theological subjects. Wesley Col¬ lege, after some prolonged discus¬ sion and after a reference of the matter to the highest court of the former Methodist Church, decided on the advice of the Methodists to continue its affiliated relationship to the University, and also to con¬ tinue to teach such parts of the Arts course as it could cover, but to do those parts in a way worthy of University standards and its own honor. In arriving at this decision, the college had more than mere in¬ structional purposes in view. It saw very clearly that a University education involved great social and spiritual purposes in addition to the impartation of knowledge an d the development of the mind through thought processes. It was impressed through its own experi- 70 VOX ence as well as by the testimony of many large universities that this rounded development of mind and heart could best be secured by a university organization in which a number of smaller colleges carried on work around a definite centre. It saw clearly that the end of an education was not so much to pre¬ pare students for passing examina¬ tions and gaining a degree as to fit them for the fulfilment in a worthy way of the ever enlarging duties and responsibilities of Chris¬ tian citizenship, and this could best be secured by a group of co-oper¬ ating institutions. With this defin¬ itely expressed purpose in view, Wesley College resolved to carry on as a partner of the State Uni¬ versity in the unique work of giv¬ ing vigor to human thinking and direction to human feeling and longing. It has, therefore, been the desire of the college to operate only in the field of Arts education, leaving the professional and scien¬ tific areas to the State. Its reason for doing this is because Arts edu¬ cation is more directly concerned with the policy of the college. For many years Wesley College, with the other affiliated institu¬ tions, has been greatly hampered in its plans to extend and strengthen its work by the halting and in¬ definite policy of the University of Manitoba as to site and build¬ ings. Whenever the leaders in col¬ lege work pressed for advancement, they were constantly met with the remark from members of the Board: “Wait until we see what the University will do.” And so rare opportunities for getting more adequate buildings and better equipment were pushed into an uncertain future. During the session 1930-31 , two things happened which have imposed on Wesley College the necessity for an immediate and de¬ finite forward movement. The first of these and perhaps the least important was the decision of the University to remove the senior years to the Agricultural College site. As the colleges were unable for definite and expressed financial reasons to follow the University in this decision, they were prevent¬ ed from co-operation with the Uni¬ versity in these higher years. Con¬ sequently some provision must be made to compass the work which was formerly done in conjunction with the University in the Senior years. The second factor was the fact that the classes in Wesley Col¬ lege had so grown that further ad¬ ditions were impossible without imparing the effectiveness of teach¬ ing. It became evident that addi¬ tions must be made to the staff and that we could no longer await the hesitating policy of the Uni¬ versity. Further it was evident that these new additions could not make their best contribution with¬ out the college taking up some new fields of work. Wesley College has, therefore, resolved to round out the cultural courses in the Arts Depart¬ ment by adding French, Mathe¬ matics, and Latin in the Third and Fourth Years to the curricula of studies provided by the college. Beginning with the session 1931-32 in September next, Wes¬ ley College will be prepared to offer the first two years of the Arts course including Pre-Medical, Pre- Engineering and Pre-Dental years in everything except the laboratory courses in Science in the Second Year. The Third and Fourth Years in Philosophy, Economics, He¬ brew, Biblical Greek, Sociology, Religious Education, Biblical Lit- vox 71 erature, French, Mathematics and Latin, and the Third, Fourth an d Fifth Years in English and His¬ tory will also be offered. Two new men have been added to the staff to enable the college to meet this enlarged un¬ dertaking next autumn. Mr. Vic¬ tor Leathers, an honor graduate of Manitoba University in French and English and now completing his Ph. D. in French at the Sor- bonne in Paris, will give particular attention to French, and Mr. Le- land F. S. Ritcey, having gradu¬ ated in honor Mathematics from Mount Allison and having spent three years in post graduate studies in Harvard, will assist Prof. O. T. Anderson in Mathematics and will in addition cover the First Year in Physics. These additions with some adjustments in the present staff will enable Wesley College to cover practically the full Arts course leading to the B.A. degree except in the laboratory work of Science in the Second Year and except the courses in Science in the Third and Fourth Years. The college now offers to young people seeking a University education, instruction in the Arts Courses, under the able direction of a well- trained staff of specialists who are for the most part young, vigorous and enthusiastic. In addition to that it provides all the personal contact incidental to the smaller college. To provide accommodation necessary for this increased and ex¬ tended work, Manitoba College has placed at the disposal of the Arts Department the necessary space. The college is looking for¬ ward to a splendid year in the ses¬ sion 1931-32. Never had the col¬ lege so many registrations at this time of the year. Our only anxiety is that we may not be able to en¬ roll all who apply. While in the above outline the name Wesley College has been con¬ stantly used, we do not wish to disguise or ignore the important fact that Wesley College is a part of the United Colleges of Manito¬ ba and is by the United Executive Board entrusted with the responsi¬ bility of caring for the Arts and Collegiate Departments of the United Colleges in addition to as¬ sisting in training the Ministers for the United Church of Canada. Success He has achieved success, who has lived well, laughed often and loved much; Who has gained the trust of pure women; and the love of little children; Who has filled his niche and accomplished his task; Who has left the world better than he found it; Who has never lacked appreciation of earth’s beauty; Nor failed to express it: Who has always looked for the best in others; And given the best he had; Whose life was an inspiration, whose memory a benediction. —Selected 72 VOX BACK ROW—R. Schuetze, R. J. W. Lyons, E. N. Dennison, H. Easton (President) , Prof. A. L. Phelps (Hon. President) , W. Onions, R. MacLean, H. Hibbert. FRONT Row—L. Hinds, J. Williams, M. Mellish, F. Mills, W, Stevenson, F. Sweeney. Debating Executive 1930-31 BACK ROW—Evelyn White, Florence Reid, G. Punter, Alice Morrison, C, Cameron, Beth Carpenter, Norah Lye, FRONT Row—D orothy Herzer, L. C. Stinson (President), Dr. L. W. Moffit (Hon. President), Lilian Racey, D. Conly. vox 73 VOICES OF THE WILD T HERE’S a ripple on the water, There’s a murmur on the shore, There are whispers in the branches of the trees; There are early flowers blooming In the woods along the stream, In the meadow there’s the humming of the bees. Blithe and gay the birds are singing, Soft the gentle zephyr blows, Bringing with it all the loveliness of spring; There are furtive little wood-folk Joying in their watchful play, Through the golden hours which only June can bring. By the lake’s melodious margin I can see the sedges waving, And the red deer browsing quietly on the strand. I can hear the loon’s mad laughter As he rides upon the swells. And the music of the wavelets on the sand. All the wild is full of voices. They are sounding everywhere; I can hear them ' mid the noises of the street; They are calling, calling, calling. And my heart with joy awakes. Gladly leading from the town my willing feet. From the restless stir of commerce, From the haunts of fevered men, I must wander when I hear that call to me, Leaving toil and its rewarding, Seeking only nature ' s joys, By the rivers winding downward to the sea. —T.A.P., ' 33. 74 VOX Communism Not only have we seen a major revolution in our day, but on many sides our Western Civilization is being challenged. Fascism in Italy, Communism in Russia, both have set aside democratic principles and pinned their faith to dictatorships upheld by strongly organized par¬ ties. Both methods of government claim to be more efficient than par- liamentarianism and the upshot of it all is that an increasing number of people are asking if democratic government is necessarily the best. Certainly democratic countries to¬ day seem to be left to muddle through their difficulties the best way they can. In England the presence of three strong parties means government by compromise; in France much the same is true; while in Canada there are only two strong parties and the result is the sacrifice of the agrarian interests of the West to the industrial interests of the East. Moreover the Soviet experiment in Russia presents a challenge to our industrial system. That country has scrapped the capitalist system and replaced it by state ownership of the means of production. Collectivism has been substituted for individualism. The Five-year plan represents Russia’s attempt to win back her markets lost during the war and it is signi¬ ficant to note that in some points they are ahead of their schedule. If collectivism proves superior to in¬ dividualism, where shall we be? There is, moreover a cry of pro¬ test against western civilization from the east. India and China have suffered from western ex¬ ploitation for a long time now and they are letting us know that they have had about enough of it. They do not want our civilization —they have seen at too close quarters the havoc it has wrecked in their own countries. Great Britain in 1933 will be celebrat¬ ing the centennial of the edict freeing the slaves within the British Empire, but the native races have still to win their poli¬ tical and social freedom. The com¬ mercial expansion of the last cent¬ ury and this, meant for them de¬ gradation and enslavement, worse, if possible, than that from which they were freed. How are we facing these facts? The answer is that we are not. Some among us see a threat to our trade and commerce in the Russian experiment and are blackballing Communism with all the enthusi¬ asm that prejudice and self-interest can arouse. Others see in the de¬ velopment of national conscious¬ ness among the native races a threat to white supremacy and write and talk in an alarming way about the “rising tide of color” and the danger of our civilization being swept away in a new “bar¬ barian” invasion. The majority of us, however, comfort ourselves with the thought that these are just “scare-mongers” moved by prejudice and ignorance and we are quite sure that in the end every¬ thing will come all right. We make no attempt to face the situa¬ tion and try to discover what real¬ ly is going on and what really is behind these forces that are mov¬ ing all over the world. As University students the call comes to us to look at life steadily, to see it whole. Can we be blind to the world’s unrest? It is amaz¬ ing the large part that University students in other lands play in the affairs of their country—in Spain for example—are we as interested? Is this the best of all possible vox 75 worlds? Is our civilization, are our industrial and social systems, the best we can devise? Are they something divine, infallible? And is any challenge to the status quo that comes from Russia or else¬ where to be classed as treason and sedition and persecuted and sup¬ pressed? One of the most sinister things about the anti-communist agitation is the attempt to make capital out of the religious ques¬ tion. Christianity is identified with the present order, it is re¬ garded as the arch prop and de¬ fender of the capitalist system, “whatever is, is right,” and is the will of God. Is this true? Can any system be final? Certainly ours, which sprang up overnight and is based on self-interest and the ex¬ ploitation of the weak, has no claim to be regarded as either Christian or final. Our industrial system has led to the amassing of 90% of the wealth in the hands of 10% of the population and to the exploitation of the working classes of the world. Its history can be read in terms of attempts to get over the barriers thrown up against ruthless exploitation. Huge financial concerns have a finger in every pie and threaten the world like an overhanging cloud. Big business overshadows the political life of every western country to¬ day; no political party can be in¬ dependent of it. The flood gates are open to graft and corruption. Some, of course, would seek to turn our eyes away from this fact that is staring us in the face by glib talk about the “menace of Communism.” We went to war in 1914 in de¬ fiance of the cry “Might is Right” and to protect a weak nation from aggression. Yet “Business is Busi¬ ness” is no less odious a watchword and the economic spoliation of the weaker countries of the world has resulted in the perpetration of atrocities and in labor conditions compared with which the slavery of ancient Rome was as nothing. Is this the system we are committed to defend? Or are we going to see a new day in which the welfare of the people and not the profit of a few will be the prime regard of governments and in which human life will be reckoned more highly than dollars in our economic life? That is the challenge of Commun¬ ism! To quote from the Quarterly Review: “However much one detests Communism in some of its aspects, it has the germ of a great ideal, namely, the welfare of the people.” We cannot meet that challenge by persecution and suppression! We must set our house in order. Can we do it? _W.G.O., ’33. LOOSE LEAF NOTE BOOKS A flexible Loose Leaf Note Book is the most convenient book for lecture notes. The notes of all subjects can be kept between the covers of one book. Our Leader is the EMERALD JUNIOR A three-ring cover in flexible tex- hide with pocket and large filler. Price $1.60 University of Manitoba Book Department 76 VOX THINK! BE WELL DRESSED FOR Ready to Wear $25 AND UP Tailored to Order All the Style of the Higher Priced Suits. Large Selection of Materials, Shades and Patterns. Materials and tailoring that will stand the strain of College wear. Perfect Fit— Final Try-on— Free Service Men’s Clothing Specialists Scanlan McComb 417 ' 2 Portage Ave. YEAR ROOKS AND COLLEGE JOURNALS DRAWINGS, HEADINGS AND ENGRAVINGS Years of experience in the preparation of College Annuals made us leaders in this kind of publicity. Rapid Grip Batten Ltd. 290 Vaughan St. INSIST on getting CRESCENT MILK CREAM BUTTER and ICE CREAM UNEQUALLED VALUES IN DIAMONDS vox 77 On His Holidays Ring-ng-ng-ng, etc. He yawned, stretched, turned over, became aware of the rather discordant note resounding near the scene of late excursions into the Land of Nod, shut off the machine which was so efficiently doing its duty, looked at the time-piece regulated daily by the time broadcast ac¬ cording to “Western Canada’s fin¬ est jewellery store,” and discovered in spite of the luminous dial in the broad daylight that the hour of the day thus begun was five. He then recalled the old saying “Early to bed, early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy, and wise,” and wished he had observed more closely the first phrase—anyway, up he must get, and up he got. No longer need he await the breakfast bell, but rather break¬ fast awaits him—chores must be done—no end to them. At last he enters the house and is seated before the table laden with the first meal of the day—one which would break any fast. His appetite no longer requires but cornflakes, toast and coffee—he must eat, if he would harrow, and eat he surely does! In due time (but somewhat late at that) t he sturdy animals of the equine family are herded to the water trough, and later, after a per¬ formance resembling an Albertan " round-up,” they are mutually anchored and ushered out into the field and coupled to a set of those well known and rather necessary joy-killers called harrows. Joy- killers! yea, man-killers, for he who was created chief of all creat¬ ures on earth must tread behind as a slave, trampling clods for a liv¬ ing! This is a free country of ours; and no part of it is so free as is its breeze—save the soil which drifts before it. “Dust to dust” comes to have a new meaning as with a funeral pace the procession con¬ tinues in a state of motion hour by hour. The dust as visual expres¬ sion (or impression) of the wind insists on making its mark on and in the victim, to the end that he, poor son of the soil and of toil, declares that “in his opinion the ayes have it” that it is the best soil he has ever tasted—but on he plods incessantly, attempting by all man¬ ner of thought, word, and deed (including throwing hard clods) to make his will known to the team while “guiding with a steady hand patient horses o’er the land.” The sun sinks and the day’s work at last is ended: the day seemed as eternity. But ere his hopes bear fruit they are nipped in the bud, and sadly he experiences the truth of “hope deferred maketh the heart sick” for “the daily round, the common task” has fur¬ nished more than he cared to ask in the line of chores, and his heart sinks as he realizes that his hope of rest must wait until the cows are milked, the pigs fed, seed pickled, and other delights of farm¬ ing attended to. The thief of time is no longer procrastination, but merely chores. Preferred sooner, but achieved later, he goes to bed and is glad to get there, and longs for an in¬ conceivable existence “when man works no more.” As conscious¬ ness recedes, the old proverb comes back. He is in bed early, he’ll have to rise early, but his weary bones protest against the clause referring to health. He is in the state of mental muddledness when fancy 78 VOX chases fancy and the foolish seems real, and the most extravagant ideas seem plausible; but even then what connection wealth and wis¬ dom may have with the whole pro¬ cedure he cannot conceive. Sub¬ consciously the wind is still whist¬ ling in his ears, the dust still act¬ ing as its most efficient tool while one thought crowds into another and fading forms change into flit¬ ting fancies as his thoughts dis¬ solve and finally vanish into the valley of Morpheus. And the alarm is about to ring! _ ? ? ? (Editor’s Note—Having con¬ siderable experience of farm life we wish to impress upon our urban readers that the above is not a true but rather an extravagant picture of life on a farm.) GLEANINGS FROM DR. ELLIOTT’S ETHICS CLASSES Picked Up by C.C., ' 33 “We have to accept the Uni¬ verse.” " If you want a good life, you must pay for it.” " Reason ends where Beauty satisfies Hunger!” “The thing is to be full- orbed.” “To appreciate Beauty is vital.” “My call to a thing is my adap¬ tation and the world’s need.” Stress i Distinction Furs, smart frocks, coats, millinery, and men’s apparel. These you will find at Holt, Renfrew’s in distinct¬ ive quality, in smart¬ est style and at excep¬ tionally good value prices. Holt , Renfrew Company Limited Leave Your Films Displaying this Sign There is one in your Neighborhood TAYLORS LIMITED KODAKS, LANTERN SLIDE PROJECTORS AND SUPPLIES 260 Edmonton Street WINNIPEG 36 steps south from Portage vox FOOTBALL For the first time in five years. United failed to secure either jun¬ ior or senior interfaculty football trophy. Alas! how are the mighty fallen! There lacked no material; the fault seemed to be in over-confi¬ dence. Players and supporters seemed to feel that United couldn’t lose the reputation she had built up, and the championship was tak¬ en for granted. Added to this, the unfortunate circumstance occurred which made good players ineligible and thus idle, while the junior title was at stake, the senior being al¬ ready lost. The Juniors had the distinction of coming in second in the league with only one goal scored against them during the ser¬ ies. With good management and fair support they should now be the junior title holders. Better luck next fall! —B.H.S., ’31. HOCKEY As in football, the junior inter¬ faculty title was lost through over- confidence—though there can be no criticism of the management. The Red and White won the first three games played in the interfac¬ ulty series, also the annual contest with Stonewall. But-—when the crucial game was called, it found the U.C. players sleepy and weary with the “morning after” effect of a late Freshman party and Color Night dance. Thus they were un¬ able to score against the same team which they had beaten 4-2 just the Saturday previous. The team showed up very well throughout the season, and the boys should be congratulated on the splendid brand of hockey of which they have shown themselves capable. Since most of the team will re¬ turn next year, it is hoped that United will enter them in the sen¬ ior division next season, and their places in the junior section will be filled satisfactorily by Freshman material. —W.W.H., ’32. MEN’S BASKETBALL Basketball is a game which, in the middle 80’s, consisted of pro¬ pelling a little ball along a felted table with a pointed stick or cue, and which today consists in tos¬ sing a clumsy ball through a loop suspended in mid-air. Seems silly, but in reality it is a whale of a game. If we must, according to the law of averages, wait sortie years yet for the basketball cup to come our way again, we may as well re¬ vert to the old game of “basket¬ ball” when the players wore peg- top trousers, boots put on and re¬ moved with the assistance of a boot-jack, and the old wing col¬ lar popularly known as “gates ajar.” Although championships have not attended our efforts since 1928, when the Junior squad brought the old mug to United, we are encouraged by the fact that basketball is growing in popular¬ ity among our students, and for the last two seasons both a Jun- 80 VOX ior and a Senior team have enter ed under the “red and white” banner. With these symptoms of growth in evidence, we do not anticipate waiting upon the law of averages to declare it our turn to win a basketball championship and we expect to be in the game next sea¬ son—very much so. MEN’S CURLING Of late years United has enjoyed an enviable reputation in the realm of inter-faculty curling, but this year this phase of college sport was a brilliant failure, noe due so much to lack of good curlers as to lack of good management. Com¬ paratively few were definitely signed up in the first place, and of these few, only about a dozen, paid their fees. Responsibility for col¬ lection of fees and drawing up of playing schedules seemed not to exist. The regular (?) Saturday morning games were so poorly at¬ tended that a large number of them were “scratched.” In the same way, inter-faculty curling went sadly awry, the schedule never being fin¬ ished as far as United was con¬ cerned; whenever a game was called someone rounded up a dozen fel¬ lows with the necessary strength to heave rocks, and the ill-asorted crew sallied forth to uphold the reputation of U.C. Qualifications for participation were neglected to such an extent that even two mem¬ bers of the Porte-Markle quartette might have been declared ineligible for non-payment of fees. United Colleges students pay more fees toward Curling than to¬ ward any other branch of athletics, and thus it is only to be expected that the student or students chosen to preside over this sport should be responsible for its success—or failure. A sport involving so many players and so much student money is deserving of the best of manage¬ ment. Given efficient management, U.C. curlers will again prove their worth. —B.H.S. CO-ED HOCKEY After gaining the Junior Championship last year, the Co- Eds decided to make a try for the Senior. New and enthusiastic ma¬ terial was secured and with the help of a few of last years puck- chasers, a team was formed, with Doug. Rathbone as coach. The first two games played were with the Normal school and Garson, both close games, but with the edge on the other side. Unfortunately, the interfaculty schedule was late in starting, and United was unable to realize their ambitions in capping the Senior championship. Only three games were played; two with Arts, and one with Science; the game with Science was a loss, the first with Arts a tie and the second a win for United. This left United one point up, but as that was the end of the schedule, the cup failed to come into United halls. Better luck next year! CO-ED CURLING As in previous years the grand old winter game of curling occu¬ pied the attention of a large num¬ ber of United co-eds. The regular college competitions were run off and from these events emerged four outstanding curlers—Evelyn Ross, skip; Effie Schmidt, Olive Glinz, and Winnifred Stevenson. In the inter-faculty play-off this fine rink emerged in the finals, but unfor¬ tunately before the championship could be decided old King Sol played havoc with the ice and the vox 81 titular series was necessarily aban¬ doned. Two of the United co-eds were selected on a Varsity rink which entered the Manitoba Ladies Curling Association ' s annual bon- spiel—Miss Evelyn Ross and Miss Effie Schmidt—and they made a highly creditable showing. CO-ED BASKETBALL The fourth inter-faculty co-ed basketball championship in six years came to the United Colleges during the 1931 playing season. When graduation took its toll of experienced material it was thought advisable to revert back to the junior group when the schedule opened and wisdom of this mave was exemplified in the early matches. However, by dint of a strong finish the U.C. girls over¬ whelmed their old rivals from the Manitoba Agricultural College to capture the junior crown. With Isabel McLaren and Ruth Arm¬ strong as the pivot performers the other members of the team aided nobly in bringing the only inter¬ faculty championship of the 1930- 31 season to the United Colleges. Graduation will again deplete the cage ranks, but there will be suf¬ ficient material available from this year’s team to again place the red and white in contending position when the next term opens. What s Wrong with the French Department? By Alaytheutikos This question may seem to savour somewhat of impertinence, but the writer hopes to demon¬ strate that it is most apposite and (forgive the pun) extremely per¬ tinent. What is known on the first and second year French course as “Authors” seems at first sight to be of a creditably high stand¬ ard. Several writers whose names are writ large in the annals of French literature find a place on it. The works of Racine, the great tragedian, are studied. Just sit in with a class, however, and see how the books are read and you will get another picture. How is Racine studied? Simply by turning the sublime verse of the original into murdered English prose with the sole purpose of getting an idea of the story, which can be read in the introduction. Not one line is ever read in the French so as to gain some impression of its beauty and of the majestic grandeur of the rhythm. Try to imagine some French students taking up Milton’s Paradise Lost and turning it into indifferent French prose and never by any chance glimpsing the vision conjured up by such lines as: “Him the Almighty Pouter Hurled headlong flaming from the ethereal sky With hideous ruin and combus¬ tion, down To bottomless perdition.” We shrink with horror from such a thought. It is sacrilege. Yet that is exactly what we do with Racine. The metrical perfection of his verse passes us by, its rhythmic beauty awakens no response in our souls. Racine’s mighty powers are lost on us, engrossed as we are with the task of making as ade¬ quate translation as possible con¬ sonant with the demands of the examination paper. Surely the Greek and Latin classes do not study Homer and Virgil this way! (Continued on page 89) Social and Literary Executive 82 VOX Athletic Council 1930-31 VOX 83 E D CD r: h CD l_ n O r - n „ C .g CQ 3 c ✓-N d CD s bO S 3 •—; r3 £5 PI c -] « S° 3 d o CQ CD ' S [£ " M- rs cu P eg £? Ul Ui ’ « CD TU M 3 CD s-s a c 5 -S 2 a " C rq . a u o U ts j 2 - a cd o CD CD rz bO o §£ 1-1 DO •% W Sw to p s Sir c . £ o »-i — £ pi 1 1 5 T3 S sQ° p - pi ' Z ' jd E s —i a u -a § « c 2 O ‘55 O CD SE bb c Oir-s a w H g o W w • ' s .l« X r3 i-J § r J U | E O |,§z U Q O S sa 2 u E 84 VOX Senior Soccer Back Row—T. Saunders, R. Keeling, B. McBride, M. Mitenko, W. Nairn, W, Hryhorchuk. Front Row—J. Brown, J. Menzies, R. Musgrove, B. McConnell, H. Harland. Junior Hockey Back Row—H. Hibbert (Manager), C. Avery, M, Mitenko, J. Werstiuk, C Gerry, D. Ratbbone. Front Row—K. Truman, R. Bend, R. Musgrove, K. Clarke, D. Whitlaw. vox 85 Co-Ed Basketball CHAMPIONS BACK ROW—Beth Carpenter, Alice Jamieson, E. Armstrong (Coach), Margaret Buick, Ethel Sankey. FRONT Row—R uth Armstrong, Corinne Davis, Isabel McLaren, Florence Wylie, Margaret Mellish. Co-Ed Hockey BACK Row—M. Prout, L. Moore, D. Rathbone (Manager), K. Woods, S. Anderson. FRONT Row—E. Broad, M. Oastler, M. Mellish, O. Glinz, E. Sankey. 86 VOX Senior Basketball BACK Row—J. Werstiuk, A. Ryckman. FRONT Row—D. Conly, T. Miller, R. Butts. Pictures and Picture Framing Richardson’s Art Gallery PHONE 22 477 332 MAIN ST. WINNIPEG “Ruth, I’ve told you about those curtains—they’re odd ones. Why haven’t you changed them?” “Yes, Margaret, but I don’t know which is the odd one.” Suitor (possibly Howard?) in the late hours— " How can I leave you?” Patient Father (poking his head round the door— " Bus No. 40, street car 21, or any taxi.” “Svery thing Good in Sporting Goods ’’ SKATES and BOOTS, HOCKEY STICKS, SWEATERS, PENNANTS, Etc. Shaw’s Sport Store Ltd, 387 Portage Avenue Opp. Boyd Bldg. vox 87 Who’s Who at United Colleges 1931_1932 (In the lists of executives which follow the class representatives have been omitted because of lack of space and because lists could only be partially given ) STUDENTS’ REPRESENTATIVE COUNCIL President, Senior Stick_O. Handford Hibbert, ’32 Vice-President, Lady Stick_Olive Glinz, ’32 Secretary_Eloward B. Peto, ’33 General Student Treasurer_L. Grant Bragg, ”33 (Hon.) Senior U.M.S.U. Representative_Hartley J. Harland, T. ’33 Junior U.M.S.U. Representative_Gilbert D. Box, ’33 President of Athletic Council_B. Harold Stinson President of Debating Union_Lloyd C. Stinson, T. ’33 President of Dramatic Society_W. Wesley Harland, ’32 President of Social and Literary_William H. Shaver, ’32 Editor-in-Chief of Vox _Thomas A. Payne, ' 33 President of Student Christian Movement-Hartley J. Harland, T. ' 33 President of Theology_Stanley R. McLeod, T. ’32 President of Class ' 32_William H. Shaver, ’32 President of Class ' 33 _Howard B. Peto, ' 33 President of Class ’34___Wilson M. Iverson, ’34 Vice-President of Co-Ed’s Association_Gwendolyn J. Lane, ’33 Senior Co-Ed Representative_Luella J. Sprung, ’32 (Hon.) Junior Co-Ed. Representative_Allison L. Jamieson, ’34 The Manitoban Representative_M. Ray Loree, ’33 ATHLETIC COUNCIL Elonorary President_ President_ First Vice-President ,_ Second Vice-President Secretary_ Equipment Managers __ Football Manager _ Golf Manager___ Track Managers_ Tennis Representatives Basketball Managers_ Hockey Managers_ Curling Managers _ _Prof. O. T. Anderson _B. Harold Stinson _G. Mervyn Sprung, 33 _Marguerite Oastler, ’32 _David Conly, T. ’34 (Marguerite Oastler, ' 32 “ (W. Wesley Harland, ' 32 —Hartley J. Harland, T. ' 33 _Prof. Watson Kirkconnell (G. Mervyn Sprung, ' 33 ““(Marguerite Oastler, ' 32 (L. Grant Bragg, ' 33 (Hon.) (Roberta E. McDougall, ’33 (Cleve C. Gerry, ’33 “‘(Beth O. Carpenter, ' 34 (Norman H. Penney, ’34 ‘ " ‘(Eileen E. Broad, ’33 (Robert J. Love, T. ' 33 (Margaret C. Mellish, ’32 DEBATING EXECUTIVE Honorary President_Prof. C. W. Keirstead President-Lloyd C. Stinson, T. ’33 Vice-President _Luella J. Sprung, ' 32 (Hon.) Secretary -Gerald Punter, ’33 88 VOX DRAMATIC EXECUTIVE Honorary President _Prof. A. L. Phelps President_W. Wesley Harland, ’32 Vice-President_Margaret C. Mellish, ’32 Secretary _Margaret J. Thomson, ’32 SOCIAL AND LITERARY Honorary President _Prof. Watson Kirkconnell President _William H. Shaver, ' 32 Vice-President _Nancy Whyte, ’32 Secretary _M. Ray Loree, ’33 Honorary Editor_ Editor-in-Chief _ Associate Editor_ Woman’s Editor_ Literary Editor_ Exchange and Review _ Alumni Editor_ Religious Editor_ Athletic Editors - Bulletin Board Editors Business Manager_ VOX STAFF _Prof. G. B. King -Thomas A. Payne, ’33 -Robert J. Love, T. ’33 -Jean Newman, ' 32 (Hon.) -Walter Newman, ' 33 -Hartley J. Harland, T. ’33 -Mr. A. D. Longman, B.A. -Duncan Wilkie, T. ’33 jL. Grant Bragg, ’33 (Hon.) " (Margaret Mellish, ’32 jWm. G. Onions ’33 " (Lilian M. Racey, ’32 -B. Harold Stinson CO-ED EXECUTIVE Honorary President -Mrs. Watson Kirkconnell President, Lady Stick-Olive Glinz, ’32 Vice-President-Gwendolyn J. Lane, ’33 Secretary-----Nancy Whyte, ’32 Senior Council Representative_Luella J. Sprung, ’32 (Hon.) Junior Council Representative_._Allison L. Jamieson, ’34 Athletic Representative ---Margaret C. Mellish, ’32 Track —...-.--Marguerite Oastler, ’32 The Manitoban _Margaret J. Thomson, ’32 Posters -Jean A. Fraser, ’33 S.C.M. EXECUTIVE Honorary President_ President__ Vice-President_ Secretary _ Meeting Committee _ Group Committee_ Social Service Committee Chapel Committee_ -Dr. L. W. Moffit -Hartley J. Harland, T. ' 33 -Lilian M. Racey, ' 32 -Cecilia Smillie, ’34 j Clifton Cooledge, ’34 ‘ " (Hilda Kammrath, ’33 JWm. G. Onions, ' 32 " (Margaret C. Mellish, ’32 $W. Wesley Harland, ' 32 ‘ " (Helen D. Morton, ’34 (David Bews, ’34 k e a pp 0 i n t e d vox 89 WHAT’S WRONG WITH THE FRENCH DEPARTMENT? (Continued from page 8 1) Turning foreign classics into thoroughly bad English just for the sake of being able to do it, is worse than useless; for not only does it obscure the beauty and hu¬ man interest that pertain to them, but it usually leaves the student with such a loathing that he will never open a classical writer again. But this is not the only com¬ plaint that prompted my question. I turn from the “Authors” to the “Grammar” and having got over my initial surprise that students who have already studied French for three years in High School should still be occupied with “Grammar” in University, I pick up the texts in use. Imagine my surprise when I find that they are of the most elementary nature, avowedly written for beginners. In the first year course the student is required to start right from the beginning with the definite article and the gender of nouns. Why, the elementary courses in German and Greek are no more elementary than this and they presuppose no former study of the language. Very deliberately I make the as¬ sertion that any student of normal ability could start in knowing no French whatsoever and pass through this course quite easily. If you compare the “Authors” with the “Grammar” you will be able more sympathetically to fol¬ low my argument. A student is expected in first year to be able to read Racine and yet not able to turn the simplest English sentence into French, or conversely he is not expected to know the definite article or the conjugation of “avoir” and yet to be able to read the French classics. Now, is not my query justified? As the student goes on through this course he will get no practice in free composi tion. All he is re¬ quired to do is to read a piece of French prose and then turn an Eng¬ lish paraphrase of it back into French. Could anything be more puerile? Such procedure would, or should, disgrace the upper grades of a self-respecting high school. Moreover the examination is based on a knowledge of these texts, not on a knowledge of French. When this rule is departed from, as it was last Christmas, and a paper is set that really tests the ability of the student to use what knowledge of French he has acquired, the re¬ sult is disastrous and the fiat goes forth that it must not occur again. Is any further comment necessary? I don’t suppose the French De¬ partment will take any notice of this tirade and I certainly hope they won’t take any offence, but I should like to know how they justify the inconsistencies and pu¬ er ilities I have tried to point out. In a country where French is so widely spoken the teaching and knowledge of it should be of a very high standard. Fet the Uni¬ versity give the lead. DR. EFFIOTT, FF.D. (Continued from page 10) that he is, he isn’t agin the gov¬ ernment. He never veers in his loyalty to his institution and its principal, Dr. Riddell. In a time when education tends to whittle personalities down, he still remains “a character.” Students’ Representative Council, 1930-31 90 VOX vox 91 “Owed” on Graduation (With apologies to each and every Poet) Of all the human fallacies, The worst of all these fantasies Is that regarding grad’s finances; It really is the bunk. The notions people have are funny; They think that we are rolled in money; That college life’s all milk and honey; They surely must be drunk. While here I sit and rack my brain How some few shekels I can gain, And wonder how I stand the strain, With circulars I’m sunk. I open one and here I read: A brand new tux I’ll surely need. And one that fickle fashion’s fancies lead They gladly will supply. I look in vain for money owed, That I have earned along the road, But all I get’s the sheriff’s goad. “Please, mister, will you buy?” Another with keen expectation Suggests a cheap and good vacation That will complete my education— A European tour. With passage, tips, I’ll be supplied And many pleasures on the side. Five hundred bucks will stem the tide May God help the poor! Ah! here is one that’s big and stout. No business name appears without; Some kindly friend will help me out: An eye I quickly lend. “Dear Sir: As you are now to take Your leave from college, may I make Suggestion that at Timboo Lake A holiday you spend.” Insurance—business college—shirts, Socks and books—my gosh—it hurts. They come in ever-widening spurts. What a waste of time! If they but really knew the truth That after four hard years, forsooth, Of getting by, by skin of tooth, We haven’t got a dime! —Rj S. 92 VOX Alumni Alumnaeque The Alumnae association has had three very interesting meetings since the last issue of Vox was published. One was a luncheon in honor of members from country points, who visited the city during Easter week.Another was addressed by Miss Mildred McMurray, who discussed social welfare work as a field of activ ity for graduate stud¬ ents. At another, held on May 9, the following officers were elected for the ensuing year: Honorary president. Miss E. D. Bowes; Presi¬ dent, Mrs. W. Runions; Vice-pres¬ ident, Miss Gladys Pettingill; Cor¬ responding secretary, Miss Ada O’Neil; Recording secretary, Miss Beulah Ross; Treasurer, Miss Ger¬ trude Bradley. Miss Gladys Pettingill left early in April for Paris, France, where she will spend the summer at the Sorbonne studying French. Dr. Ernest L. Moyer and Mrs. Moyer (Dorothea C. Peter, ’24) are now living in Winnipeg, where Dr. Moyer is doing post-graduate work at the Winnipeg General Hospital. Vox wishes to congratulate Bruce J. McKitrick, ’29, on his ap¬ pointment as secretary of the Children’s Aid society in Brandon. Since his graduation, he has been attending the University of Tor¬ onto, where he has been taking a course in social science. He has al¬ so been engaged in social service work in the city of Toronto. Bruce called at the college while en route to Brandon where he entered upon his official duties on May 1. Vox regrets to announce the death at Lundar, Man., on May 5, of Rev. Hjortur J. Leo, M.A., a 1907 graduate from Wesley in Arts. Mr. Leo, who was born in Iceland and later lived at Selkirk and Gimli, was a minister of the Icelandic Lutheran church. He held pastorates in Saskatchewan, in the state of Washington, and at Lun¬ dar. From 1923 to 1926, he was first an instructor and later prin¬ cipal at Jon Bjarnason academy in Winnipeg. Death claimed another Wesley graduate on April 4, when Ray¬ mond K. Elliott, ’14, succumbed to an attack of pneumonia. He was the youngest son of Mr. and Mrs. D. K. Elliott, graduated from the Manitoba Law School in 1916 and was that year called to the bar. After he returned from service overseas, he resumed the practice of law. He was a member of theWin- nipeg school board from 1926 to 1929. As a student at Wesley, Mr. Elliott had a brilliant record, win¬ ning the Governor-General’s medal in philosophy in his final year. The college is in receipt of a let¬ ter from Rev. Robert H. Davies of Canaan, Connecticut, who ob¬ tained his B.A. degree at Wesley in 1906, and his B. A. degree in 1908. “Though I have wandered far,” he says, “I have not forgotten three happy years spent there.” He was last in Winnipeg in 1913. In expressing regret that he could not make his contribution to the Grad¬ uates’ Remembrance fund larger, he says, " There are four other rea¬ sons—three girls and a boy.” The Winnipeg press of April 6, carried a news item of interest to those who knew Vernon Orval Watts, a Wesley graduate of 1918. vox 93 In a debate held in Cleveland, Ohio, Orval had as his opponents, two men who have been candidates for the United States presidency under the banner of the Socialist and Communist parties respect¬ ively. They “were none other than Norman Thomas, Socialist candi¬ date for many offices, including the presidency, and William Z. Foster, Communist leader of the steel strike of 1919 and twice his party’s candidate for president. Orval is a son of Theo J. Watts, principal of St. James school. Since he graduated from Harvard University, he has been teaching economics and sociology in Clark university and Antioch college, and is now associate pro¬ fessor at the latter institution. Vox extends its congratulations to the following graduates who, on May 14, had the degree of Master of Arts conferred upon them by the University of Mani¬ toba. Gordon M. Churchill, ’21, thesis: “Athens in Relation to the Peloponnesian War.” Mabel Cooper, ’23, thesis: “The Irish Theatre.” Blanche I. Megaffin, T5, thesis: “The Warton Broth¬ ers; Their Relation to Romantic¬ ism and Milton.” Ada G. O’Neill, ’26, thesis: “English Literary Crit¬ icism of the Early Nineteenth Cent¬ ury, 1798-1830.” Victor N. Rid¬ dle, ’20, thesis: “A Survey of the Cestodes in the Cats of Winnipeg.” Early Graduates of the Colleges Continuing its policy of previous issues, Vox publishes in this number, additional names and, where available addresses and vocations of graduates of Wesley and Manitoba colleges. Vox would greatly ap¬ preciate the receipt, from any of its readers, of any corrections of this list, or additional information, which wou ld make this record more com¬ plete. Address such to Alumni Editor, or Registrar, Wesley College, or Manitoba College, Winnipeg. WESLEY GRADUATES 1912 Abbott, W. F., 158 Harvard Ave., Winnipeg_Physician Adams, Irene S., (Mrs. E. Cameron) Beamsville, Ont. _ Adamson, M. C., Innisfree, Alta. ___Physician Andrew, Mary A., (Mrs. A. T. Hay) 15 Alloway Ave., Winnipeg_ Bell, D. E., Medicine Hat, Alta._ Brownlee, T. I., Russell, Man. ..._Physician Caldwell, C. F., Gilbert Plains, Man. _Lawyer Coxworth, M. W., Davidson, Sask. ___ Dolmage, Victor, 511 Winch Bldg., Vancouver, B.C. _ Dorey, George, Regina, Sask. ___Minister Elliott, G. J., Ste. 9, St. Elmo Apts., Winnipeg_Principal Evans, A. R., Vancouver, B.C. _ Ewart, Alfred, 214 Woodstock Rd., Oxford, England_Professor 94 VOX Green, Eva M., Cloverdale, B.C. _ Haney, C. I., Canadian Celanese Co., Drummond, Que._ Hjalmarson, Bjorn, Wynyard, Sask. _ Jonasson, J. T. _ Jonsson, Hallgrimur, Obit _ Kelly, M. H., (Mrs. D. C. Aikenhead), 1095 Wolseley Ave., Winnipeg L.ougheed, M. S., 169 Lanark Crescent, Winnipeg _Physician Middall, E. S., (Mrs. E. A. Axford) _ Nason, W. F., 183 Maryland St., Winnipeg_Lawyer Paulson, G. A., 351 Home St., Winnipeg_i_ Simpson, F. I., Obit_ Surtees, B., Tzelintzing, Sze Chuen, W. China_Missionary Weir, Miss L. A., (Mrs. F. D. McCharles) 1182 McMillan Ave., Winnipeg Winkler, H. W., Morden, Man. _ 1913 Anderson, O. T., 326 Montrose Ave., Winnipeg_Professor Arnason, J. S., 6501 2nd Ave., N.W., Seattle, Wash. _Physician Ball, F. B., Rosetown, Sask. _Minister Bergman, M. G., (Mrs. G. A. Paulson) 351 Home St., Winnipeg_ Black, G. P., Burnaby South High School, Burnaby, B.C. _Principal Bridgman, B. W., 441-22nd St., Santa Monica, Cal._ Chapman, A. A., Ocean Falls, B.C. _Minister Cleave, W. T., Grand Coulee, Sask. _Minister Crookshanks, Olive E., 229 Chestnut St., Winnipeg_Teacher Crummy, Richard B., 3707 Arbutus St., Vancouver, B.C._ Crummy, William T., Obit _.._ Cunningham, O. I., (Mrs. G. P. R. Tallin) 25 Evanson St., Winnipeg Ducker, Stella M., Obit_ English, H. O., Victoria, B.C. _Principal Erickson, John _ Harvey, Fern M., 1525 St. Garey, Panama, Cal. _ Irvine, C. H., Scott, Sask. _ Johannson, A. L., 744 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C._Lawyer Johnson, Skuli, 176 Lenore St., Winnipeg _Professor Johnson, T. W., Riceton, Sask. _Minister Johnston, Lillian S., 1140 North La Salle St., Chicago, Ill. _ Kristjansson, M. (Mrs. C. F. Frederickson), Kandahar, Sask. _ Leach, H. M., 202 Oak St., Winnipeg __ Lipsett, Florence Q., 510 Dominion St., Winnipeg _ Loft, Arthur, Obit _ Maxwell, Jessie W. _ T - Mountford, W., 115 Ruby St., Winnipeg_Teacher Parsons, R. C., Treherne, Man.___Lawyer Paulson, M. (Mrs. T. Thorvaldson) 909 Temperance St., Saskatoon, Sask. Phillips, J. E., 1235—3rd Ave., N.W., Moose Jaw, Sask. _ Phin, J. R., Moosomin, Sask. ___ Popham, E. C., Kenora, Ont. _Lawyer vox 95 Turner, Ada E., “D” Winchester Annex, Winnipeg. _ Weir, A. J., 17 Dalrymple Crescent, Edinburgh, Scotland_ Wilkins, Jas., (B.D.) R.R. No. 5, Northwood, Ont. _Minister MANITOBA GRADUATES 1904 Cameron, J. S. W., Obit _ Findlay, W. L., 300 Park Ave., Medina, N.Y. _Minister Finkelstein, M. J., 137 Westgate, Winnipeg_ Goodfield, Benjamin, Ottawa, Ont. _Minister Grant, P. B., 58 Ethelbert St., Winnipeg_Physician Kirkpatrick, Thomas, Portage la Prairie, Man. _ Lathwell, Zillah M., Winnipeg _ MacLean, John, 151 Kingston Crescent, St. Vital, Man. _ Mac Vicar, G. D., 108 Nassau St., Winnipeg_ McIntyre, A. M., 311 Saskatchewan Crescent, Saskatoon, Sask. McKenzie, E. H. Obit _t_ McLeod, A. S., Obit_ McLeod, W. C., 442 Waterloo St., London, Ont._Minister McRae, J. D., Shantung, China ___Missionary Mundell, David, Obit ____ Paterson, I. M. (Mrs. Switzer) Vancouver, B.C. _ Sibbald, M. E. (Mrs. W. McConkey) 9905-86th St., Edmonton, Alta. Stevenson, J. M., Bence, Stevenson and McLorg, Saskatoon, Sask. _ Wheaton, C. J., 93 Evanson St., Winnipeg_Physician Woodside, J. W., 4 Oakland Ave., Ottawa, Ont. _Minister Hartley, F. J., (B.D.) Trochu, Alta. _Minister 1905 Browne, W. E., 133 Monch Ave., Norwood, Man. _ Cates, A. K., Reston, Man. _„_ Chalmers, J. H., Virden, Man. _ Cranston, L. J., Obit _._ Davidson, H. P., Britannia Beach, B.C._Minister Findlay, Grace (Mrs. R. J .Hay) Station F., R. F. D., Minneapolis, Minn. Fitzgerald, Bella M., Boissevain, Man. __ Foss, Walter, Obit _ Grant, W. E., 27-14th Ave., E., Vancouver, B.C. _ Henderson, W. G., Obit - Jacobs, L. C., 57 Curzon St., Montreal, Que. _ Kerr, F. W., Manitoba College, Winnipeg _Minister Marsh, J. H., Winnipeg_ Martin, J. C., Weyburn, Sask. _ Melvin, M. G., 2334 Lome Ave., Regina, Sask. _Minister Newcombe, C. K., 98 Home St., Winnipeg_ Rose, W. M., 1038 Redland Ave., Moose Jaw, Sask._ Purdy, V. M., (B.D.) Truro, N.S. _Minister Rothney, W. O., (B.D.) 7 Howard Ave., Sherbrooke, Que., ....Minister Successful Qroup Parties ace assured at Blue Kitchen, or Jfltfeabo VAUGHAN ST. SMITH ST. MODERATE PRICES in Combination with or without Supper. BLACK WHITE CABS 26 301 Bryants’ Studio 611 Winnipeg Piano Bldg. Cor. Portage and Hargrave We specialize in Group and Graduate Photos SPECIAL DISCOUNTS to all Students Photographs taken evenings by appointment Phone 22 473 or 45 427 KENNEDY BROS. Butchers CHOICE MEATS, FISH, POULTRY SAUSAGE OUR SPECIALTY 569 Ellice Avenue Phone 33 213 A. E. Gentzel J. B. Murray GAUVIN, GENTZEL, MURRAY LTD. MAKERS OF PORTRAITS HOME PORTRAITURE IN ALL ITS BRANCHES A SPECIALTY Phone 24 487 614 Avenue Block, 265 Portage Avenue WINNIPEG, MAN. DISCOUNT GIVEN TO STUDENTS Education in the Art of Qift Selection . . . . . it is indeed an education in good taste in the selection of distinctive Gifts to visit Dingwall’s. The world’s most famous gift centres contribute to our stocks of Gifts for Ladies and Gentlemen; each one distinctively, charmingly individual. DINGWALL ' S Portage at Garry Western Canada’s Finest Jewellery Store Since 1882 Students’ Special- Use your identity card and save 10 % by having your Dry-cleaning, Dyeing, Pressing and Repairing done by Perth Dye Works Ltd. 482-4 PORTAGE AVE. Just across the street from the College PHONE 37 266 UNDERWOOD Color—a dominant note in modern life— now appears in the new Underwood Port¬ able. It is available in a range of beautiful colors to harmonize with the decorative scheme of home and office. In every walk of life people are rapidly learning the many advantages of the swift- moving Underwood. Its uses for business executives, salesmen, professional men, stu¬ dents, women and children, are almost in¬ numerable. Typed personal letters are now considered good form. Their legibility makes your words clearer and more emphatic. PORTABLE United Typewriter Co., of Manitoba, Ltd. CANADA BLDG. DONALD ST. “ There’s a Photographer in Your Town” W. W. ROBSON PHOTOGRAPHER 317 Portage Avenue Phone 27 921 WINNIPEG PATRONIZE VOX ADVERTISERS T. EATON C° u Measure SLITS Made-to-Measure Shop, Main Floor, Hargrave. EATON Made —are individually tai¬ lored to your own meas¬ urements—they fit you, even if you are hard to fit—and the materials to select from are new— imported — specially se¬ lected for Spring and Summer, 1931. Then, too, every suit bears the Eaton guarantee, “Goods satisfactory or your money refunded.” $30,00 and $4 0.00 Extra Trousers $8.50 and $10.00


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