US Navy Recruit Training Command - Keel Yearbook (Great Lakes, IL)
- Class of 1966
Page 1 of 108
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 108 of the 1966 volume:
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THE UNITED STATES NAVY
GUARDIAN OF OUR COUNTRY
The United States Navy is responsible for maintaining control of the
sea and is a ready force on water at home and overseas, capable of
strong action to preserve the peace or of instant offensive action to win
It is upon the maintenance of this control that our country's glorious
future depends. The United States Navy exists to make it so.
WE SERVE WITH HONOR
Tradition, valor, and victory are the Navy's heritage from the past.
To these may be added dedication, discipline, and vigilance as the
watchwords of the present and future.
At home or on distant stations we serve with pride, confident in the
respect of our country, our shipmates, and our families.
Our responsibilities sober us, our adversities strengthen us.
Service to God and Country is our special privilege. We serve with
THE FUTURE OE THE NAVY
The Navy will always employ new weapons, new techniques, and
greater power to protect and defend the United States on the sea,
under the sea, and in the air.
Now and in the future, control of the sea gives the United States
her greatest advantage for the maintenance of peace and for victory
Mobility, surprise, dispersal, and offensive power are the keynotes to
the new Navy. The roots of the Navy lie in a strong belief in the
future, in continued dedication to our tasks, and in reflection on
our heritage from the past. Never have our opportunities and our
responsibilities been greater.
THE STIIRY IIE RECRUIT TRAINING
IN THE UNITED STATES NAVY
AT GREAT LAKES, IIIINIIIS
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A KEEL, as defined in Blueiacket Manual, is "the backbone
of a ship." In the Navy of today, as in the past, the enlisted
man and his shipmates form the backbone of the NAVY.
Recruit Training Command assumes the responsibility of
transforming the young men of America into the earnest
and dedicated sailors needed to man the fleets of the
UNITED STATES NAVY.
This book is a pictorial representation of the training re-
ceived by every recruit as he is indoctrinated in the duties
and responsibilities he must take up in the billet of a man-
o'-warsman, and so it is called THE KEEL. '
ln future years, THE KEEL should prove a pleasant reminder
of one of the most formative and important periods in a
man's life whether he is a career Navy man or a civilian
reminiscing over his "hitch" in the naval service.
The weeks and months served in Recruit Training Command
are not easy, but of necessity, are rigorous and demanding.
This training is diligently planned and administered in
order to develop the strength of character, loyalty, and
patriotism in every trainee so as to prepare him to defend
his country, its ideals and people, against any foreign
HOWARD A. YEAGER, USN
Commcmdant, Ninth Naval District
THE UNITED STATES NAVY
PUWER FUR PEACE
Early in the seventeenth century Sir Walter Raleigh
observed that "Whosoever commands the sea, com-
mands the trade, whosoever commands the trade of
the world, commands the riches of the world and,
consequently, the world itself." This principle is as
true today as it was centuries ago. The startling
advances in transportation and weapon technology
have not lessened the importance of trade via the
sea power to world freedom and our nation's pros-
The sea comprises over '70 percent of the world's
surface. Over 99 percent of the tonnage imported or
exported to or from the United States travels on the
sea. Of the 77 raw materials considered strategic
to our existence, 66 must be imported from nations
across the seas. On any one day there are, on the
average, over 2000 ships at sea engaged in bring-
ing items to trade to and from our country and the
friendly nations of the world.
It would be impossible for our country, or any
friendly country to survive today without the free
use of the seas. As Napoleon learned to his sorrow,
"those storm tossed ships out there" were the life-
blood of his country's power, and without control of
the seas, defense for any length of time was im-
possible. A strong Navy, now and in the future, is
our only real guarantee for a defense against
aggression and the threat of communism.
The communists, always good students of history,
have learned the importance of a strong Navy to
control the seaways too. They are building a Navy
at a frantic pace. Presently the Russians are esti-
mated to have more than 450 submarines, having
learned from us and the Germans the importance of
submarines in controlling the seas from World War
Il. This number far exceeds Germany's submarines,
numbering 57, which almost brought England to her
knees in the early stages of World War ll-and ex-
ceeds the number that we presently have.
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Navy Strategy 8. Tactics
In the face of the constant aggression of commu-
nism, the United States has geared her offensive and
defensive power to retaliate regardless of the type
of aggression, be it cold war, brush fire incidents,
political revolution or all-out atomic war. In all of
these areas, the Navy plays the principle part in
maintaining the freedom of the friendly nations of
Lebanon is an excellent example. Our Sixth Fleet
carriers and Marines were there within seven hours
of the call for help.
Our Seventh Fleet has demonstrated that aggression
can be thwarted by the presence of our fast carrier
attack force in and around Formosa, Korea and
other Asiatic nations.
Our Polaris-launching submarines spell the absolute
deterrant to atomic war, providing hidden mobile
nuclear ballistic missile bases all over the world
capable of striking enemy bases on a moment's
The Navy insures our position as the leading sea
power by being strong in three tactical areas:
a. Fast moving carrier task forces, dispersed in
action over an area the size of New York State,
capable of delivering nuclear weapons against dis-
tant targets or, in limited wars, unleashing just the
right amount of punch to terminate aggression.
These task forces can destroy enemy targets without
endangering our allies. They can also land Marine
troops through helicopter "vertical envelopement"
to take and occupy critical disputed areas. Today
one carrier based supersonic plan is capable of de-
livering explosive power equivalent to that of all
bombs used in World War II.
b. Highly technical and fast moving anti-submarine
warfare task forces to search out and destroy
enemy submarines threatening merchant sea lanes
and our carrier task forces. This group combines the
talents of killer submarines, a versatile air combina-
tion of bombers, helicopters and fast moving car-
riers: and modern, highly technical surface search
ships. These units are equipped with underwater
destructive devices capable of locating, homing and
destroying enemy submarines.
c. Ballistic missile submarines capable of unleash-
ing atomic missile attacks against any target in the
world from unknown, mobile and submerged loca-
tions-constant hidden monitors for world peace.
The Role of the Navy's Men
Control of the sea by means of the Navy's modern
and constantly improving weaponry would not be
possible without the skills and devotion to duty of
the Navy's enlisted men and officers. In this day of
electronic devices, missiles, nuclear power plants,
megaton bombs, and supersonic planes the need for
intelligent, highly trained and qualified personnel
to man the ships, submarines and aircraft is now
greater than ever before.
To insure the "know how" that Navy men need,
the Navy has an extensive school program to train
today's specialists in the theory, operation, and
maintenance of the Navy's ships facilities and equip-
ment. Extensive training is needed in order to
possess the strongest and greatest Navy the world
has ever known.
This schooling in some instances requires up to two
year's time. Navy men are the best trained technical
men in the world today: few industrial concerns
give equivalent training to their people to prepare
them for industrial iobs. Navy training allows Navy
men to take responsible positions in industry upon
their return to civilian life.
The technical side of the Navy man is only part of
the success side of the picture. The more powerful
that weapons become, the more important becomes
the will and character of the men who must use
them. The advance of technology in warfare has put
one item at an absolute premium-dedicated man-
power. The Navy has instituted under "General
Order 21" the Moral Leadership program, a series
of discussion topics to excite young men's minds
with the real meaning of America and the intrinsic
value of the individual human being: America's
mission in the world: the specific mission of the
Navy: and the desperately urgent need for men
who will give their best efforts, indeed their very
lives, to the perpetuation of the American ideal.
Essentially the Moral Leadership program puts the
total responsibility for Navy men with the line
officers and petty officers who must lead these men
in battle. Now, besides seeing to it that men are
merely well-trained for combat, Naval leaders are
charged with bringing their men to a peak of effi-
ciency and keeping them there. This program is
more important to our combat readiness than any
weapons system ever developed. This time we are
dealing with the very heart of our whole combat
The New Concept of Recruit Training
The recruit of today differs somewhat from his
World War ll counterpart. Today most of the men
in recruit training are under twenty years of age.
These men are young and open minded: many of
them are entering the Navy with a definite intent
to make the Navy their career. Thus it is very im-
portant to the Navy and these young men that their
careers get the best possible start in this new
The transition from civilian life to military life must
be smooth: indoctrination in the customs, traditions,
and regulations of the Navy must be thorough.
Basic Navy knowledge and skills must be taught and
developed. Pride in and love for the Navy and their
country must be carefully and logically cultivated.
In time of peace there must be increased emphasis
placed on the mental, moral and social develop-
ment of the individual. He must be led to a desire
for self-improvement and advancement, to a reali-
zation of his status in and his importance to the
Navy-a sense of belonging, and to an understand-
ing of his place in a democracy as a citizen as well
as a part of the Navy. He needs also to be led to a
full appreciation of the American way of life and
to adopt, for himself, high standards of responsi-
bility, military performance, leadership and conduct.
The Navy's stake in the recruit's development is
tremendous. From these men will come the petty
officers, the warrant officers and an important part
of the Officers of the Navy of the future. The Navy
cannot be better than the men and women who
The goals set forth above are stated in terms of
ideals and may never be totally realized. However,
it is in recruit training that these goals are set and
the roots established and nurtured. Continued de-
velopment and progress, wherever these men may
be throughout the Navy, will ultimately produce
the strong, effective manpower and leadership re-
quired for our great Navy and its role of maintaining
POWER FOR PEACE.
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HISTURY UF GREAT LAKES
Great Lakes is the Midwest's largest Naval installa-
A veteran of two world wars and the Korean con-
flict, Great Lakes has served primarily as a recruit
training establishment-bridging the gap from civi-
lian to military life-by introducing recruits to Naval
customs and discipline, and preparing them through
intensive training for the requirements of Naval
During World War II, approximately 1,000,000
Blueiackets were trained at Great Lakes-about one
out of every three in- the wartime fleet, and twice
the number trained at any other installation.
In addition to its primary function of training re-
cruits, Great Lakes provides, at Service School's
Command, advanced training in various technical
schools for the numerous specialists required in
today's modern and complex Navy. In these schools,
men of the fleet learn to be electronic technicians,
machinists, gunners, enginemen, electricians, dental
technicians, boilermen and hospitalmen, to name a
few of the specialties. The Dental Technician School
is one of the few Armed Forces schools offering
instruction to Army and Air Force personnel as well
as Navy. The Hospital Corps School, which can ac-
commodate 1600 students, is a part of the U. S.
Naval Hospital at Great Lakes.
The Naval Hospital is one of the Navy's maior
hospitals for treatment and care of ill and iniured
personnel. At the height of the Korean fighting,
more than 700 battle casualties were under treat-
The establishment of two large Naval supply ac-
tivities here in recent years has increased Great
Lakes' importance as a Naval supply center. Numer-
ous Naval activities throughout the Midwest, as well
as ships of the fleet, obtain equipment through the
enlarged Naval Supply Depot. In addition, a large
Electronic Supply Office at Great Lakes controls the
procurement and distribution of repair parts re-
quired for the maintenance of electronic equipment
at shore stations and in Navy ships.
Great Lakes also is the headquarters of the Ninth
Naval District-the largest Naval district in the na-
tion, encompassing I3 midwestern states. The Com-
mandant of the Ninth Naval District directs the
hundreds of Naval activities in this land-locked area.
Included among these activities is administration of
the large Naval Reserve program in the Midwest,
where civilians who are Naval Reservists receive
practical instruction in weekly drills at 72 training
centers. They also participate in annual cruises
aboard ships of the Great Lakes training squadron.
Other activities at Great Lakes have all-Navy
functions. These include: 'IJ the Naval Examining
Center, which prepares and processes rating exami-
nations for the entire Navy, 21 Fleet Home Town
News Center, which receives news stories and
photographs of Naval personnel from all parts of
the world and distributes them to hometown newspapers,
and 37 Navy Medical Research Unit No. 4, which conducts
research into the cause, cure, and control of respiratory
Waves have been stationed at Great Lakes since the
Navy volunteer women's organization was established in
1942. A Wave recruit training school was located here
from 1948 to 1951. In addition to filling essential iobs at
Great Lakes, Waves also attended some of the specialty
Great Lakes' history dates back to 1904, when 'a board
appointed by the President selected the site of the Naval
Training Center from among 37 locations on the Great
Lakes. The Merchants' Club of Chicago raised the funds to
purchase the property, and the land was presented to the
Government as a gift from the people of Chicago.
On 1 July 1911-six years to the day after construction
began-Great Lakes was commissioned. lt consisted of 39
buildings, with a capacity of 1,500 men. During World
War l, the training center was expanded to 775 buildings
with a capacity 'of almost 50,000 trainees. More than
125,000 men received their first Navy training here during
World War I.
Great Lakes' population dropped sharply during the
years between wars, but population and construction began
a rapid increase after President Roosevelt proclaimed a
national emergency on 9 September 1939. Pearl Harbor
threw the expansion program into high gear, with 13,000
civilians working in shifts, seven days a week, to build
additional barracks, mess halls, and training facilities. A
total of 675 buildings had been erected by the end of
1942 and in 1944 the population reached a peak of
more than 100,000.
At the end of World War II, Great Lakes consisted of
approximately 1,000 buildings. Since then much new
construction has been accomplished in a continuing
modernization program. New barracks, a new mess
hall and other modern buildings are replacing the
World War Il wooden construction.
ln keeping geared to modern methods, the Recruit
Training Command has installed a closed circuit tele-
vision channel in the classrooms of its up-to-date class-
room building. With sets in each room 2400 men can
be taught at once using only one cameraman and one
instructor-and it has been found that this method of
instruction is far more efficient than the older methods.
From its earliest beginnings the base on the shore of
Lake Michigan-the Great Lakes Naval Training Center
-has been a maior bastion in the Navy's ever-continu-
ing progress forward in training. Today, as in the
past, it maintains its position as both the largest center
for the training of recruits and as a maior center of
advanced technical training.
CAPTAIN V. J. SOBALLE
Commanding Officer, U. S. Naval Training Center
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COMMANDER RICHARD H. WELLER
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CAPTAIN C. W. HARRISON
Commanding Officer, Recruit Training Command
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THE HALL OF FAME FLAG is the supreme award that
a recruit company may win. It is awarded to that com-
pany within the brigade which by earning the requisite
number of the following flags, and by maintaining
consistently high standards as prescribed by the com-
mand, satisfies the requirements for entrance into the
Recruit Training Command Hall of Fame.
COLOR COMPANY FLAG is awarded to the company
attaining the highest overall average among the group
of companies with which it will graduate. The com-
pany that wins the distinction of being Color Company
at its graduation will "Post the CoIors" at the Grad-
THE BRIGADE EFFICIENCY FLAG is awarded weekly to
the company with the highest overall excellence in
THE BATTALION EFFICIENCY FLAG is awarded weekly
to the battalion which compiles the highest overall
average in all branches of competition.
THE REGIMENTAL EFFICIENCY FLAG is awarded weekly
to a company within the regiment with the highest
average in all phases of recruit training.
THE BRIGADE DRILL FLAG is awarded weekly to the
company in recruit training demonstrating the greatest
proficiency in close order drill.
THE REGIMENTAL DRILL FLAG is awarded weekly to
the Battalion Drill Flag winner in each active regiment
compiling the highest average in a drill competition
conducted among the Battalion Drill Flag winners
within that competitive grouping.
THE BATTALION DRILL FLAG is awarded each week to
the recruit company within each battalion compiling
the highest average in a drill competition based on
military drill, manual of arms, and physical drill
THE BRIGADE STAR FLAG is awarded each week to the
recruit company compiling the highest average in the
field of cleanliness, as determined by competitive bar-
racks, Iocker, and personnel inspections.
THE REGIMENTAL STAR FLAG is awarded each week.to
the Battalion Star Flag winner in each regiment com-
piling the highest average in the field of cleanliness,
as determined by competitive barracks, locker, and
personnel inspections. I
THE BRIGADE "I" FLAG is awarded each week to the
recruit company within the command compiling the
highest academic average on the scheduled weekly
THE BATTALION "I" FLAG is awarded each week to
the recruit company within each active battalion com-
piling the highest academic average on the scheduled
THE "A" FLAG is awarded each week to the Recruit
Company within each battalion compiling the most
points in those athletic events specified by the command.
THE UNITED TATES
USS CONSTITUTION AND HMS JAVA
9 DECEMBER 28 'I812 0
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JOHN PAUL JONES, 1747-1792 ICECELIA BEAUXJ
QUALIFICATIONS 0F THE NAVAI OFFICER
T IS BY NO MEANS enough that an officer of the Navy
should be a capable mariner. He must be that, of course, but
also a great deal more. He should be as well a gentleman of
liberal education, refined manners, punctilious courtesy, and
the nicest sense of personal honor.
He should be the soul of tact, patience, justice, firmness, and
charity. No meritorious act of a subordinate should escape his
attention or be left to pass Without its reward, even if the re-
ward is only a Word of approval. Conversely, he should not be
blind to a single fault in any subordinate, though, at the same
time, he should be quick and unfailing to distinguish error
from malice, thoughtlessness from incompetency, and well meant
shortcoming from heedless or stupid blunder.
flleproducfion of paintings in this section are by courfesy of fhe U. S. Naval
Academy Museum, the United States Naval Institute, the Naval Photographic Center,
Chief of Naval Operations, the Cornrnandant of the Marine Corps, and the Elecfric
OHN PAUL JONES set the pattern for aggressive, resolute Hght-
ing which has always been the ideal of the U.S. Navy. The
heritage of our modern Navy is a vast montage of individual
maritime achievements. 1f'Vhether the ship be wooden, sail, ar-
mored, or atom powered, the indomitable spirit of fighting,
sea Ifaring, American men have made our country the bastion
of the free world today.
To John Paul Jones went the honor of first hoisting the Stars
and Stripes over an American man-of-war, the USS RANGER,
of receiving the first national salute in Quiberon Bay on Feb-
ruary 14, 1778, from France. In command of the BONHOMME
RICHARD he defeated and captured the SERAPIS off Flam-
borough Head, giving our Navy its famous fighting words upon
an invitation to surrender, "I have not yet begun to fight."
With such inspiration thousands of American sailors have
followed in his wake, making individual courage collectively
the spirit of our Navy. Commodore Edward Preble, like John
Paul Jones, filled his officers and men with esprit and fighting
courage. Some of "Preb1e's boys" became the great leaders of
the War of 1812, Stephen Decatur, james Lawrence, Thomas
Macdonough. Perry swept the British sea power off Lake Erie.
Hull and Bainbridge in the CONSTITUTION, along with
Decatur in the UNITED STATES, established American naval
power on the high seas during the first year of the 1iVar of 1812.
As our nation grew in stature in the family of nations, so
did our naval officers grow in stature as diplomats. Typical of
their exploits was Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry's nego-
tiations with the Emperor of Japan in 1853-54.
Our war between the states developed the same kind of fight-
ing men. David Dixon Porter became famous on the Mississippi
River. Captain Raphael Semmes in the commerce raider, CSS
ALABAMA, alone captured sixty-nine union ships before he
was destroyed off Cherbourg, France by VVinslow in the USS
KEARSAGE. Perhaps the outstanding Civil War naval hero
was David Glasgow Farragut Q"Damn the torpedoes, full speed
aheadluj, whose fleets enforced the blockade of the Confederacy.
One generation of fighting men breeds its successors. Dewey,
and Sampson, our naval leaders in the Spanish-American War
at the turn of the century, led and bred the naval leaders of
our next war. 1Vilson, Simms, Hart, Taussig, and many others
next guided our Navy in the defeat of the German U-boat
menace and convoyed our armies safely to France in the war
with Germany during 1917 and 1918.
THE RETURN OF THE MAYFLOWER. COMMANDER .I. K. TAUSSIG, U. S. NAVY, LEADS
THE FIRST DIVISION OF DESTROYERS INTO QUEENSTOWN, IRELAND, MAY 4, 1917,
TO COMMENCE OUR ANTISUBMARINE WARFARE IN WORLD WAR I.
Between the wars the Navy devoted its meager resources and
manpower, ships and funds to research and development in
aviation and submarine warfare. Stricken at Pearl Harbor and
the Philippines in 1941, practically blockaded by German sub-
marines operating off our East coast ports, the nation built, in
three short years, the most powerful naval force in the history
of the world. The indomitable spirit of our carrier dive bomber
and torpedo plane pilots turned the tide of the war in the
Pacific in the Battle of Midway, June 4th, 1942. From that day
on, naval power in the Pacific slowly but surely drove the
Japanese imperial forces into their home waters. Powerful Am-
phibious forces, protected alike by carrier air power and our
submarine forces, swept the Japanese armies off the Pacific
Islands. Our fast carrier task forces destroyed the Japanese
Fleets. Possibly the greatest air battle in the naval annals was
the "Mariannas Turkey Shoot," in June 1944, in which the car-
rier pilots of Admiral Marc Mitcher's Task Force 58 and anti-
aircraft fire accounted for most of the 346 Japanese planes
destroyed. After the war the exploits of our "silent service," the
men who fought under the sea in our submarines, was finally
publicized. Ranging throughout the Pacific and into the very
harbors of Japan itself our fighting submarines sank 214 Jap-
anese naval vessels Q577,626 tons, and 1,178 merchant Vessels
f5,053,49l tonsj, a monument to the greatest submarine force
During this period the Atlantic Fleet was rapidly breaking
the back of the German Navy by sweeping from the sea the
greatest submarine menace ever to threaten this nation. Our
convoys were supplying the allied armies in Europe and our
ships were conducting landings in Sicily, Italy and finally Nor-
mandy. The greatest "two ocean" Navy in the world had played
a large part in bringing victory to America and the free world.
And this war, like all wars, led to the development of new
inventions, new techniques and new weapons conceived by
American genius and perfected by men of vision. While industry
was being welded into a mighty supply force, our Seabees, under-
water demolition teams, amphibious sailors, marines and sup-
porting army divisions were being welded into a team that
spelled victory at sea.
Added to the illustrious naval leaders of this great Navy,
King, Nimitz, Halsey, Mitcher, McCain, Spruance, Lockwood,
Fletcher, over three million other ofhcers and men also served.
The brainwork, the sacrifice, the devotion to duty of genera-
tions past and present is the heritage on which we continue
to build and improve our Navy. We are bound to the past
only by the good that it has provided and the glorious traditions
handed down to us. W'e are linked to the future by our respon-
sibility to deliver to it the best we have received and the best
we can produce.
Victorious over Japan and Germany, there is still no world
peace. Our Navy fought again in Korea for three years and
the task forces are still spread across the seven seas.
From Barry to Bainbridge to Burke the indomitable fighting
spirit is the real strength of our naval heritage.
AIR DEFENSE PACIFIC TASK FORCE OPERATION, WORLD WAR II.
IRON VERSUS WOOD MARCH 8, 1862, THE CSS VIRGINIA KEX USS MERRIMACKJ
DEFEATS THE USS CUMBERLAND TO USHER IN THE AGE OF STEEL SHIPS.
BAKER DAY AT BIKINI ATOLL IN THE MARSHALL ISLANDS' STEAM.
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JAPANESE CARRIERS KAGI AND AKAGI- McMURDO SOUND ANTARCTICA USS GLACIER IAGB-41
BATTLE BETWEEN THE USS CONSTITUTION AND HMS GUERRIERE. BOATS AWAY AMPHIBIOUS LANDING. PACIFIC OPERATIONS, WORLD WAR II
fZ'lfZfZ21lri3llg: QQMPANY 5949
2ND REGINIENT 24TH BATTALION
LT NI. A. Coloma, USN LT D. L. senwaderer, usN
Brigade Commander Regimental Commander
18 November 1966
LTJG C. J. Portell, USNR R. A. Mestrich, GMG 1
Battalion Commander Company Commander
S. Aarthun J. Jones J. Packett T. Davies D. Berquist
RPOC EPO First Platoon Leader llllAA Company Clerk
Harvey A. Baker
Brian A. Barkey
Roger L. Bowers
Eddie R. Clark
Michael T. Cox
Richard A. Duffy
Steven J. Farrell
Melvin E. Folk, Jr.
Kelly J. Glass
Orland W. Hafler
David L. Higby
Alan A. Jacobs
James Rich Knaub
Robert J. Lambert
Paul J. Lauda
James E. Lewis
Julius R. Liguori
Louis W. Mingione
John C. Panella
Robert J. Piegzik
Michael J. Shafer
James A. Snyder
William R. Terry
Louis V. Trotman
Ronald G. Walls
David L. Westin
Eugene C. Carine
James R. Graves
J. R. Kosterman, J
L. J. Pucalik
R. L. Noll
Flags Won by Company 5949
1 Battalion Star Flag
1 Battalion "E" Flag
1 Battalion "I" Flag
John W. Jones
The transition from civilian to Naval life be-
gins in the Receiving unit where the recruit
is first introduced to the procedures of IN-
PROCESSING. After logging in and getting
watch caps, one of the first things they learn
is their rights and privileges as defined in
the Uniform Code of Military Justice. Then
they take the Navy's General Classification
Test Battery. lt is through the results of
these tests, combined later with an interview
by a trained classification interviewer, that
the Navy is able to select the appropriate
career pattern for each man entering the
service. Designations for special schooling
after completion of recruit training are made
at this time. lt is here that they are given
thorough medical and dental examinations,
as well as a complete outfit of Navy uniforms
and clothing. Finally, it is here that the re-
cruit first meets his company commander,
and the other members of his company with
whom he is destined to spend the duration
of his training.
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lndoctrination covers the many facets of Navy life from
early history to cold weather training. The planks so neces-
sary in the construction of a true man-o-warsman, the
reverence for naval customs and traditions, the obedience
to naval discipline, and the irreplaceable esprit-de-corps
are carefully laid in this process of indoctrination. The
essential seed of personal pride is planted in order to
promote within the recruit the high Navy standard of
responsibility, conduct, manners, and morals. Here he
learns the importance of team-work in joint tasks and the
responsibility of the individual towards his shipmates
and his ships.
Success within the Navy is measured in terms of advance-
ment. Included in the objectives of indoctrination is the
development of a desire for self-improvement and ad-
lndoctrination is more of a mental than a physical process,
since the U. S. Navy ensures that its men are the best pre-
pared mentally as well as physically. As a member ot the
military, the recruit is now a sailor-citizen. With this in
mind, he becomes aware of the fundamental workings
of democracy, the Navy's place in democracy, and the
American way of lite.
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The purpose of the program of instruction at the DAMAGE CON-
TROL Training Unit is to teach the basic principles of shipboard
damage control. The teaching of these basic principles is
divided into two main topics: Clj, how to fight fire, and 123, how
to defend effectively against Atomic, Biological and Chemical
The program is set up in such a way as to accomplish the
following specific objectives: CD, remove unwarranted fear of
fire, CZJ, develop a feeling of confidence within each man in
his ability to conquer fire, CBJ, provide actual experience in the
basic procedures of fighting shipboard-type firesg and 441,
acquaint each recruit with the individual protective measures
to be taken in the event of an Atomic, Biological, or Chemical
Prior to the day of fire-fighting on the field at the Damage Con-
trol Training Unit, the recruit is given four periods of classroom
instruction to acquaint him with the chemistry of fire and the
equipment used in fighting fires. Next comes a full day of
actually fighting "live" fires. Here he is able to put his class-
room knowledge into practical use. Here, terms, such as "me-
echanical foam," "Handy Billy," and "O.B.A." take on a real
ln addition to the fire-fighting training, the recruit receives
classroom instruction in A.B.C. warfare and just what to do
in all types of attacks. Leaving nothing to chance, he learns
how the Navy Gas Mask can be a useful companion.
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In Seamanship classes, an entirely new language
and a multitude of new skills are introduced to the
recruit. Although some seamanship skills can be
mastered only from long experience at sea, the foun-
dations upon which these skills are based form an
important part of recruit training. Emphasis here is
placed upon teaching the language of the sea and
the names and uses of the tools of his new trade.
Among the subjects taught, are marlin-spike seaman-
ship and knot tying, steering and mooring, practical
instruction in the use of sound-powered telephones,
and the recognition of various types of ships, their
characteristics and their structures. The recruit
learns the principles of shipboard organization and
something of the role he will later play as a member
of some ship's company. By the time he completes
his training in seamanship, he is no longe-r bewil-
dered by the "mysterious" jargon of the bluejacket.
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Clean, neat, pride in personal appearance--these are the words and phrases
synonymous with the bluejackets of the United States Navy. With this in
mind, each individual in every company strives to do his share in winning
the weekly STAR FLAG. Daily, the barracks are inspected for Star flag
competition. Correct locker stowage, neat bunks, clean clothes and ditty
bags are emphasized. Once a week the recruits are given a personnel in-
spection by the Training Evaluation Division, the results of which also
count towards the winning of the STAR FLAG.
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From the Physical Training program the
recruit develops strength, ability, endurance,
and coordination through mass exercises,
swimming, the obstacle course, and com-
Swimming and survival at sea are highly
important parts in the training curriculum.
The recruit may enter training as a qualified
life guard or as a non-qualified swimmer, but
all leave equipped in the methods of sea sur-
vival in order to ensure that they have the
maximum protection against the potential
perils of the sea. Special emphasis is placed
on fundamental swimming strokes, survival
at sea procedures, and flotation drills.
Classes in boxing and team sports not
only present a diversion from ordinary class-
room work, but also give the recruit con-
fidence through the skill he gains in develop-
ing his reflexes and coordination.
Closely allied to the physical training cur-
riculum is the competition between compa-
nies for the big "A" flag for excellence in
athletics. Under excellent supervision from
the instructors in the P.T. division, the re-
cruit spends many exciting and healthful
hours in athletic competition. "A" FLAG
points are won in tug-of-war, swimming
meets, volleyball and basketball games, rope
climbing, and relay races.
lt is through this competition in sports
that the ideals of fair play and sportsmanship
are instilled within the recruit. The joy of
fierce competition among the teams is
equalled only by the enthusiasm and cheers
from the spectators that echo throughout
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Teamwork within each recruit company forms a tight bond and makes each Blue-
jacket a true shipmate. This sense of Navy pride is displayed by Special Units Com-
panies, such as the Band, Drill Team, and Drum and Bugle Corps as they exhibit
their skills acquired during training at parades and graduation.
Working as one unit, all 88-man companies compete against one another
as they vie for competitive DRILL FLAGS. During the first days of training, a recruit
spends much time learning the fundamentals of military drill, the 16-count manual
of arms, marching, and physical drill under arms. Beginning competition for the
Military Drill Flag in the second week of training, the companys' single effort is
directed toward preciseness, and instantaneous response to orders as a team.
When the recruits leave boot camp to join the Navy's Operating Forces, they carry
with them the habits of quick response to orders and the coordination of individuals
towards team effort. g
Knowledge, a coordinated effort, and immediate action, is the formula for effec-
tive operation of the Navy in times of peace and war.
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One of the more important subjects the
recruit learns during boot camp is how to
live with others in a military organization.
Life and living conditions in the Navy differ
so greatly from anything he has known in
civilian life that learning to live in close quar-
ters as a member of a military group be-
comes a major mission of recruit training.
The BARRACKS is not only a place to
sleep and to stow clothes, but it is the most
important classroom. Here, the recruit learns
by doing. The scrubbing of clothes, the clean-
ing ofthe barracks, and the constant inspec-
tions all serve but one purpose--to prepare
him for a successful life during his tour in
And all is not work in the barracks, for the
recruit learns the need of fellowship and
relaxation. Mail call is one of his most
precious moments, and the time he takes to
write home is time well spent.
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Afloat or ashore, each naval unit is generally a self-sustaining unit. The messing of the crew, all the house-
keeping chores, and the watch standing must be performed by those assigned to the unit. Throughout the
bluejacket's naval career, regardless of his rate or rating, he, in some way, will be concerned with these
service duties to which he is introduced in SHlP'S WORK TRAINING. ln any unit, men in the lower rates
will usually perform the "chores" and those in the higher rates will supervise them, all must stand watches,
and all must live together in the same ship.
The fifth week of recruit training is devoted to instruction and practical experience in Ship's Work Training.
For all but one week of the training period the recruit is waited upon in the mess halls by other recruits and
for one week he takes his turn in performing these important tasks for his shipmates.
Although the fifth week is specifically designated for training in service duties, much of this training con-
tinues throughout the entire training period. Every messenger or sentry watch and eve-ry cleaning detail is
a part of the training in the problems of community living.
The things the recruit learns in Ship's Work Training can best be taught by actually doing them, for experi-
ence is the greatest teacher of all.
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When the recruit enters military service he is given the opportunity of attending the RELIGIOUS SERVICE
of his choice. Immediate contact is made with the Chaplain of his faith who acquaints him with the chap-
lain's role in conducting Divine Services, administering the Sacraments, and the developing of a religious
Lectures on character guidance and related films are presented by the chaplain wherein the recruit is
encouraged to develop moral responsibility, self control, and a spiritual life.
We find that the chaplain is available for personal interviews and that he stands ready to offer assistance
at all times, either personally or through the agencies of the Navy Relief Society and the American Red Cross.
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Although recruit training is highly routine- and the schedule is planned so that everyone receives equal and
consistent training, the Navy does recognize the necessity of providing various forms of RECREATION to
satisfy the many divergent interests and energies of individuals.
Recruit Training Command has bowling alleys, TV lounges, swimming pools, gymnasiums, libraries, and
recreation centers available during off duty hours. The hobby ship is staffed with skilled instructors in photo-
graphs, modelcraft, leathercraft, and carpentry. Professional variety shows feature and personal appearances
of top performers of the stage, screen, radio and TV. ln addition, the latest and finest in movie entertainment
The Navy Exchange operates special stores and cafeterias to provide the recruit with necessities and extra
personal items he may need. The small profits derived from these sales are then utilized in providing the
various recreational facilities and programs outlined above.
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The Graduation Review represents the climax of the story of training at Recruit Training Command. This performance
is put on for relatives and friends so they may witness the results of training. The Review is held on Ross Field during
the summer, and in one of the large drill halls during the winter. The recruits are not aided by the company com-
manders or officers who have worked with them during the past weeks. This is their chance to display newly learned
abilities in military drill, military bearing, and to perform in the Navy's traditional military pomp and ceremony.
Added to the graduating companies are the performance of the special units-the drum and bugle corps, the drill
team, and the band. These units are commanded by recruits and all of the members are men in training.
The march on the colors, the national anthem, the presentation of the honorman awards, and final pass in review
form a vivid and exciting picture that will last in the mind of the recruit for the rest of his life.
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