US Navy Recruit Training Command - Keel Yearbook (Great Lakes, IL)
- Class of 1956
Page 1 of 84
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 84 of the 1956 volume:
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UNITED STATES NAVAL TRAINING CENTER
GREAT LAKES I
A KEEL, as defined in Bluejackets Manual, is Hthe back-
bone of a ship." In the Navy of today, as in the past, the
enlisted man and 'his shipmates form the backbone of the
NAVY. Recruit Training Command assumes the respon-
sibility of transforming the young men of America into
the earnest and dedicated sailors needed to man the fleets
of the UNITED STATES NAVY.
This book is a pictorial representation of the training
received by every recruit as he is indoctrinated in the du-
ties and responsibilities he must take up in the billet of
a man-o'-warsman, and so it is called THE KEEL.
In future years, THE KEEL should prove a pleasant re-
minder of one of the most formative and important periods
in a man's life whether he is a career Navy man or a civilian
reminiscing over his "hitch" in the naval service.
The weeks and months served in Recruit Training Com-
mand are not easy, but, of necessity, are rigorous and de-
manding. This training is diligently planned and admin-
istered in order to develop the strength of character, loyal-
ty, and patriotism in every trai11ee so as to prepare him
to defend his country, its ideals and people, against any
ALBERT LOVE ENTERPRISES
All Rights Reserved
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The Navy and Sea Power
Early in the seventeenth century Sir Walter Raleigh observed
that HWhosoever commands the sea, commands the tradeg who-
soever commands thetrade. of the world, commands the riches
of the world and, consequently, the world itself."
That principle is as true today as it was centuries ago.
Nothing of major import has occurred, not even the advent of
the modern aircraft, to lessen the importance of sea power and
sea trade to our national defense and prosperity.
The day has not been reached, nor ever will be reached,
when control of the seas of the world can be exercised solely
by shore-based aviation, guided missiles, and the atom bomb.
Control of the sea can be exercised effectively only by forces
which travel the sea and can remain at sea for long periods
Sea forces and sea-based air forces-in other words, sea
power-furnishes the only effective control of the sea. Sea
power has a mobility which land power can never have. What-
ever the weapons used, aircraft carriers fhighly mobile air
fieldsl can be moved at high speed to the most favorable points
for attack on enemy targets. Whatever the weapons used, large
ground forces can be transported rapidly by naval means to
selected coastal points and landed against opposition. The
mere threat of such attacks at unpredictable points would im-
mobilize large enemy forces held in reserve to meet them, thus
forcing the enemy to effect a wide dispersion. Dominant sea
power. therefore, in the hands of the United States and its
Allies, would deny to an enemy the ability to attack us from
the sea while conferring on us the ability to launch a seaborne
attack at any selected point or time.
The continued vital importance of sea power is clearly evi-
dent. When the oceans of the world are no longer required for
the transport of men and goods, then and only then can the
United States afford to dispense with a Navy.
The Navy's Offensive Power
Fulfilling an historic role the United States Navy today, as
in the past, maintains a vigilant guard over the freedom ofthe
seas. Naval power, as exhibited throughout the struggles of
World War ll and as used in the United Nations, efforts in the
Far East, is an indispensable part of modern defense upon
which the security of our country ultimately rests. On the sea,
under the sea, in the air above the sea, and in land operations
where naval forces including the lVlarine Corps are committed,
the Navy stands ready to meet any aggressive challenge when-
ever and wherever offered.
The modern fleet includes many task forces built around the
present capital ship-of-the-line, the aircraft carrier. Fast carrier
task forces composed of carriers, battleships, cruisers, destroy-
ers and other combatant vessels, are the principal elements of
todayis offensive naval strength and, as such, comprise the
Navy's main striking force. The Navy is no longer shackled by
the historic barriers of the shoreline, nor by the range of its
shipborne gunsg but can strike blows deep in enemy territory,
and can deliver at the target the atom bomb, when and if
needed. Fast carrier task forces are able, without resorting to
diplomatic channels, to establish offshore anywhere in the world
airfields completely equipped with machine shops, ammunition
dumps, tank farms, warehouses, together with quarters and all
types of accommodations for operating personnel. Such task
forces are virtually as complete as any air base ever established
ashore. They constitute the only air bases which can be made
available at the enemy's frontier without assault and conquest.
Amphibious Assault and Naval Bombardment
Whenever and wherever assault and conquest is deemed
necessary, the accomplishment of an amphibious assault until
a stable beachhead has been established is solely the respon-
sibility of the Navy. The amphibious task forces are composed
of all types of ships, naval aircraft, under-water demolition
teams, reconnaissance facilities, and the specialized troops-the
Marine Corps. Before, during, and after an initial assault naval
guns and rockets launchers, in close coordination with naval
aircraft, are able to devastatingly bombard enemy troops and
installations, and lend close strategical and tactical support to
our own ground forces in their advance to a desired objective.
Submarine and Anti-Submarine Warfare
The Navy's submarine forces, with a history of outstanding
performance in World War II, are ready to assume again their
vital tasks of offense or defense in any mission assigned. And,
as a defensive measure, the Navy's "Hunter-Killeri' task units,
composed of escort carriers, blimps, and destroyers equipped
with newly developed electronic devices, are training together
as a team to track down and destroy any undersea craft of an
ln addition to its function of denying the use of the sea to
an enemy, the Navy now has the responsibility of lifting cargo
by sea for the supply of all the armed services abroad. This
problem seems to become more enormous and complex with
fContinued on next pagel
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each war. The Far Eastern operations are no exception as
shown by the fact that the cargo discharged in that area has
averaged more than sixty pounds per man per day. This is
well above the World War II average of forty-four pounds per
man per day in any theatre of operation. The tremendous and
ever-increasing task of logistical supply to overseas bases will
always remain a naval responsibility.
Superior Naval Strength
Through all its varied components, the United States Navy
exercises control of the seas and the coastal areas bounding
them. All units of the Heet display unrivaled flexibility and
mobility and, together, comprise a vast fighting potential-
inimical to the interests of aggressive-minded nations-and a
powerful safeguard of freedom.
In measuring our own capabilities against a potential enemy,
due appreciation must be taken of the factors of relative
strength and weakness. We may, for example, find ourselves
comparatively weak in manpower. We know happily that we
are superior in naval strength, which includes the strength of
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It is axiomatic' that in preparing for any contest, it is wisest
to exploit-not neglect-the elements in which we have superior
strength. We must lead from strength-not from weakness.
We should 4'Accentuate The Positive."
Thus it is that a policy which provides for balanced develop-
ment and coordinated use of strong naval forces must be
fostered if we are, within the foreseeable future, to meet the
challenge of arms of the forces which seem to oppose us.
Trained Naval Personnel
The Navy's lighting ships and aircraft represent the results
of America's most advanced scientific research and develop-
ment. They are precision products of American ingenuity and
industry. But scientific research, improved equipment, and new
naval construction alone will not insure that the Navy can
maintain its present world leadership. The need for highly
trained and qualified personnel to man thc ships and aircraft
is now greater than ever.
To meet this need, the Navy is constantly revising and
improving its many and varied training programs and facilities
in order to keep pace with modern educational and technical
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advancements, and thus provide the highly trained and qualified
personnel required to maintain and opera-te "The greatest Navy
the world has ever knownf'
The New Concept of Recruit Training
The recruit of today differs somewhat from his World War
II counterpart. Today most of the men in recruit training are
under twenty years of age. These men are young and im-
pressionableg many of them are entering the Navy with definite
intent to make the Navy their career. It is of importance to
the Navy that these men get the best possible start in their new
venture. The transition from civilian to military life must
be smoothg indoctrination in the customs, traditions, and reg-
ulations of the service must be thoroughg basic Navy knowl-
edges and skills must be developedg pride in and love for the
Navy must be carefully cultivated. Especially in time of peace
must there be an increase in the emphasis placed on the- mental,
moral and social development of the individual. He must be
led to a desire for self-improvement and advancementg a real-
ization of his status in and importance to the Navy-a sense
of belongingg and understanding of his place in a democracy
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as a sailor and a citizen-a fuller appreciation of the American
way of life, the adoption, for himself, of high standards of
responsibility, military performance and conduct.
The Navy's stake in this enterprise is tremendous. From
these men will come the petty ofiicers, the warrant oliicers, and
some of the officers of the Navy of the future. That Navy can
be no better than its men. The goals set forth above are stated
in terms of ideals, hence can never he fully realized. But it
is in recruit training that progress toward these goals must
begin. And continued progress, wherever these men may be
throughout the Navy, will ultimately produce the strong, effec-
tive manpower required for the most powerful Navy in the
The information contained in this editorial, and in all other written
presentations, features and captions appearing in this publication, was
obtained from official United States Navy sources.
The pictures illustrating this editorial are official United States Navy
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Great Lakes is the Midwest's largest Naval installation.
A veteran of two world wars and the Korean conflict,
Great Lakes has served primarily as a recruit training
establishment-hridging the gap from civilian to military
lifeQ-hy introducing recruits to Naval customs and dis-
cipline, and preparing them through intensive training
for the requirements of Naval service.
During World War II, approximately 1,000,000 Blue-
jackets were trained at Great, Lakes-about one out of
every three in the wartime fleet, and twice the number
trained at any other installation.
ln addition to its primary function of training recruits,
Great Lakes ,provides advanced training in various tech-
nical schools for the numerous specialists required in
today's modern and complex Navy. ln these schools, men
of the fleet learn to he electronic technicians, machinists,
gunners, enginemen, electricians, dental technicians,
hoilermen, and hospitalmen, to name a few of the spe-
cialties. The Dental Technician School is one of the few
Armed Forces schools offering instruction to Army and
Air Force personnel as well as Navy. The Hospital Corps
School, which can accommodate 1600 students, is a part
of the U. S. Naval Hospital at Great Lakes.
The Naval Hospital is one of the Navy's major hospitals
for treatment and care of ill and injured personnel. At
the height of the Korean lighting, more than 700 battle
casualties were under treatment here.
The establishment of two large Naval supply activities
here in recent years has increased Great Lakes, impor-
tance as a Naval supply center. Numerous Naval activities
imm r"' ""'4"' "
throughout the Midwest, as well as ships of the fleet,
obtain equipment through the enlarged Naval Supply
Depot. In addition, a large Electronic Supply Oiiice at
Great Lakes controls the procurement and distribution
of repair parts required :for the maintenance of electronic
equipment at shore stations and in Navy ships.
Great Lakes also is the headquarters of the Ninth Naval
District-the largest Naval district in the nation, encom-
passing 13 midwestern states. The Commandant of the
Ninth Naval District directs the hundreds of Naval ac-
tivities in this land-locked area. Included among these
activities is administration of the large Naval Reserve
program in the Midwest, where civilians who are Naval
Reservists receive practical instruction in weekly drills at
72 training centers. They also participate in annual
cruises aboard ships of the Great Lakes training squad-
Other activities at Great Lakes have all-Navy functions.
These include: CID the Naval Examining Center, which
prepares and processes rating examinations for the en-
tire Navyg C21 Fleet Home Town News Center, which
receives news stories and photographs of Naval personnel
from all parts of the world and distributes them to home-
town newspapers, and C33 Navy Medical Research Unit
No. 4, which conducts research into the cause, cure, and
control of respiratory diseases.
Waves have heen stationed at Great Lakes since the
Navy volunteer women"s organization was established in
1942. A Wave recruit training school was located here
from 1943 to 1951. In addition to filling essential jobs
at Great Lakes, Waves also attend some of the specialty
Great Lakes' history dates back to 1904, when a board
appointed by the President selected the site of the Naval
Training Center from among 37 locations on the Great
Lakes. The Merchants, Club of Chicago raised the funds
to purchase the property, and the land was presented to
the Government as a gift from the people of Chicago.
On July 1, 1911-six years to the day after construc-
tion began-Great Lakes was commissioned. It consisted
of 39 buildings, with a capacity of 1,500 men. During
World War I, the training center was expanded to 775
buildings with a capacity of almost 50,000 trainees.
More than 125,000 men received their first Navy train-
ing here during World War I.
Great Lakes' population dropped sharply during the
years hetween wars, but population and construction be-
gan a rapid increase after President Roosevelt pro-
claimed a national emergency on September 9, 1939.
Pearl Harbor threw the expansion program into high
gear, with 13,000 civilians working in shifts, seven days
a week, to build additional barracks, mess halls, and
training facilities. A total of 675 buildings had been
erected by the end of 1942, and in 1944 the population
reached a peak of more than 100,000.
At the end of World War II, Great Lakes consisted of
approximately 1,000 buildings. Since then, these facil-
ities have been utilized in the continued training of
recruits and in Great Lakes' expansion as an important
advanced school center for the Navy.
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CAPTAIN J. B. McLEAN,
U. S. NAVY
Naval Training Center
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REAR ADMIRAL E. P. FORRESTEL
U. S. NAVY
Ninth Naval Disfrici'
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COMMANDER R. E. CUTTS,
U. S. NAVY
Recruit Training Command
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CAPTAIN CHARLES B. JACKSON, .IR
U. S. NAVY
Recruit Training Command
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. The' ti'aHsition from to Naval life Be-
ginsbihl where the new grecnuit
is limit' iiihgoduced to the piojcedlllfes of process:
ill? Ili? lligfik lhafcfhff ii giY5l1"Ih0!ff
Qlzlgllt mediealf, :gurl dental exaininitionsgq the
Nayj7s'General Elixssificdtion Test lBozitteryis adv
ministepedvs siidyg complete' outfit of Nziiny tinih
forms .and clothing is issued to him, These, first
fbtif ileys, ,of Ijgzoceseiing 1-inf are no dolilit ozij little
confusing- tjq theinew recruit, hut in as short .tinge
he 'Begins to lacljuist. to his new qsuvrounqlings audi
After tlie' ihitidl logging in proeeduneeg the
first and ope 'of' the most important 'steps of the
I3i'110QSSii!g hegiiis with the 'adillillisfbitiilg bf U16
Navy'sN General Classification Test Batterya It is
'tlirougli fthe results of these tests comhinedlater
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tenviewer,-that 'the Nayy is able to'-select the ap'-
pliopriate career pattern for each man eliteriingv
the serviize. 'Desigliatiohs for special sel1o'olin'gN
after completion of recruit training are made at
At the completion of his processing in period,
the recruit is getting the feel of his new Navy
uniforms, having shipped his civilian clothing
home., and is now ready to move, with his com-
pany, to the main training area. The company
commander, a carefully selected and thoroughly
experienced, career Navy Petty officer, takes
charge of the company at this point to begin
his job of molding, guiding and leading his com-
pany tllrougli lmsic recruit training.
Indoctrination represents an essential span
in bridging the gap for recruits from civil to
military life. The planks so necessary in the
construction of a true man-o-warsman, the rev-
erence for naval customs and traditions, the
obedience to naval discipline and the irreplace-
able esprit-de-corps are carefully laid in this
process of indoctrination. In addition, the
equally essential seed of personal pride is
planted in order to promote within the individ-
ual recruit high standards of responsibility,
conduct, manners and morals. Indoctrination
is successful when, along with what has been
mentioned before, it instills within the recruit
an understanding of the importance of team-
work in joint tasks and the responsibility of
the individual toward his shipmates and ship.
Success within the Navy is measured in terms
of advancement. Included in the objectives of
indoctrination then is the development of a de-
sire for self-improvement and advancement.
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Indoctrination is more a mental than a
physical process and so the U. S. Navy goes one
step further in ensuring that its sailors are the
best prepared, mentally as wcll as physically.
It strives to impress upon the recruit the fact
that as a member of thc military, hc is now a
sailor-citizen. With this in mind an attempt is
made to inculcate an understanding and appre-
ciation of the fundamental workings of democ-
racy, the Navy's place in our democracy, and
the American way of life.
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Admiral Carney, Chief of Naval Operations
has said, " . . . the ultimate objective of the
Navy is to prepare its forces for combat and
by the same token, prepare officers to lead
those forces in combat and prepare the troops
-bluejaekets-to do a resolute, discliplined,
and successful job under the stress of combat."
With regard to thc bluejacket., the achieving of
these objectives begins with indoctrination in
the recruit training command.
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Among the many varied operations ex-
pected of a ship at sea, perhaps the primary
function of its existence is to he ahle to
protect its country hy virtue of possessing
superior firepower. But having the guns is
only half of the joh . . . the other half
involves providing highly trained men to
operate the weapons.
The Ordnance and Gunnery Division
presents to the recruit a series of classes
which attempt to introduce the general
types of ordnance equipment utilized in the
The recruit spends most of his time with
his rifle. After hecoming familiar with the
feel and weight of it, he is instructed in the
principles ol operation. l'le learns to hold
it, aim it. and lire it most clleetively. He
is introduced to the various small arms he
will most likely encounter during his serv-
ice years, i.e.. the Carand M-l, the Brown-
ing Automatic Rillc. and the Thompson
l'lis instruction also includes a series of
lectures and demonstrations designed to
familiarize him with the various types ol
ammunition and how to identify one type
from another. Along this same line he is
provided with some practical experience in
the loading and hring operation of the
fl-UNHVI and the 5"f38 guns. Although the
ammunition used is of the dummy type.
being completely harmless. still speed, thor-
oughness, and safety factors are stressed
as if the crew were performing under hat-
When the recruit leaves the Command
and reports ahoard his hrst ship lor duty
he is assigned to a hattle station, and more
than likely that involves one of the gun
crew hillets. 'l'hrough shiphoard practice
at drills he hecomes increasingly prohcient
at his joh, hut without the preliminary
training he received while a recruit. the
period of learning this jolm would he in-
creased and the eliicicncy of shiphoard op-
ln keeping with the highest scholastic
standards of the Navy, the recruit has hcen
exposed to a course of study in which the
most modern teaching techniques and train-
ing aids were employed. He has seen
movies, charts and slides. He has seen the
actual guns and ammunition and he has
had the opportunity to apply this knowledge
in the actual loading and hring drills. He
has gained the confidence and pride that
accompanies mastery of a particular task
and we too share in his pride. Wcire proud
to see the recruit learning to do a job well,
taking his place in the ranks as one of our
MEN OF THE NAVY.
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To men who will "go down to the sea in shipsu a knowledge
of basic seamanship is fundamental. Although some seamanship
skills can be mastered only from long experience at sea, the
foundations upon which these skills are based form an important
part of recruit training. Emphasis here is placed upon teaching
the recruit the language of the sea and the names and uses of
the tools of his new trade.
Among the subjects taught to the recruit are marlinspike sea-
manship and knot tying, steering and sounding, anchoring and
mooring, and the recognition of various types of ships, their
characteristics and structures. He learns the principles of ship-
board organization and something of the role he will later play
as a member of his ship's company. He receives practical instruc-
tion in the use ofthe sound-powered telephones by means of which
personnel stationed in various parts of his ship may communicate
with each other.
By the time he completes recruit training the recruit will have
learned many of the fundamentals of seamanship which will
stand him in good stead on board ship.
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The purpose of the program of instruction at the Damage Control
Training Unit is to teach the recruit the basic principles of shipboard
damage control. The teaching of these basic principles is divided into
two main topics. fl! How to fight fire. t2j How to defend effectively
against Atomic, Biological, and Chemical Warfare.
The program is set up in such a way as to accomplish the following
specific objectives: fl! Remove unwarranted fear of fire. f2t Develop
a feeling of confidence within each rec1'uit, in his ability to conquer
fire. Q33 Provide actual experience in the basic procedures of fighting
shipboard-type tires. C42 Acquaint each recruit with the individual
protective measures to be taken in the event of an Atomic, Biological,
or Chemical Warfare attack.
Prior to his day of fire-fighting on the field at the Damage Control
Training Unit, each recruit receives four periods of classroom instruc-
tion. During these four periods the recruit is taught to understand fire,
what it is, and what components are necessary to cause it. He is taught
that the right combination of fuel, air, and heat will cause fire. He is
shown the different -pieces of equipment that the Navy uses to fight
fire and is taught, on the blackboard and the movie screen, how to use
this equipment himself.
The next part of the recruit's training in shipboard damage control
is his full day feight periods! of actually fighting "live" fires on the
field at the Damage Control Training Unit. Here, with his fellow re-
cruits, he has the opportunity to get on the hose, and actually take
the nozzle in his own hands. He is taught how to approach the fire
properly, to stay down low where the maximum amount of air is. He
is taught how to use effectively on each fire, the Navy's two different
types of watersfog patterns. He is taught how to smother out a hot
gasoline fire with a blanket of millions of tiny air bubbles, called
"mechanical foam." He is taught how to operate and care for the
"Handy Billy" emergency water pump, and how to don, wear, and
care for the Oxygen Breathing Apparatus, which permits man to go
into spaces where there is no air. All this, along with "beans and
hot dogs" for noon chow. is packed into a big day on the fire-fighting
.ln addition, the recruit receives six periods of classroom instruction
on Atomic, Biological, and Chemical Warfare defense. ln these classes
he becomes one of the 4'informed" who really knows exactly what he is
up against in the event of one of these types of attack. He does not
have to rely upon rumors any longer. He is taught how to don, wear,
and care for the Navy Mark lV Cas Mask, what type of cover to take
in the event of an atomic attack, and how to avoid becoming the victim
of an attack using biological agents in food or water. He is taught
what to expect. and how to protect himself, as well as his shipmates,
from the many different types of danger that may result from an Atomic,
Biological, or Chemical Warfare attack.
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The mission of the Physical Training
division is to dcvclop strength, ability, and
endurance in recruits through mass ex-
ercises, the obstacle course, and comba-
tive sports. lt is also the responsibility
of the Physical Training division to instill
the ideals of fair play and sportsmanship
in recruits by means of their participation
in various competitive sports.
Swimming and Sea Survival is another
highly important phase of the recruit's
physical training. The young men being
indoctrinated as sailors in our Navy must
be accomplished swimmers and equipped
in the methods of sea survival in order to
ensure that they are afforded the maxi-
mum protection against thc potential
perils of the sea. Special emphasis is
placed on fundamental swimming strokes,
abandon ship and rcscue drills, flotation
drills, life jackets and inflated trousers,
shirts, and jumpers.
By means of careful ins-struction hy
competent instructors and serious atten-
tion and practice on the recruits' part.
these men may leave Recruit Training
Command with the confidence that they
are prepared in the swimming skills and
associated sea survival techniques.
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Military' drill 'equals marching drillsg physieal
drills, ,semaphore 'drills' 'us' :al gfoup, and jthe ini
giviauava dw. development: in mind, body, and
selfqtligeipljne., 'llhese aiieijll honil1ii1ed,igito glnis
important phase of a.Arecruii'S?!i'1iii1ii!s-
, 'Tlie object is, to develop fthe lidlmjts df ijlitan-
taneous' -response .to .commands Land the feeling' 'of
working -together' fasi fa' "team.7'
To ike' xfecruit, the "ten'm"' 'spirit and winstap.
fzfffebns response no orders is directed f6ward the
eompdnfh 'eH'oEfs' fb Win one of- Vthe drill flags
awarded4in,0nts!91ldi11s 0!!l!!P!lliiQ5'i1i lllilifari' deillf
When ,the itecnuit, llcavei bgout vqalpp 'to, jgip, wthe
Beet! -he .carries with him: the habits. of' qliiclk. ner
sponsextox vorders, land" the zcqordinatione of individs
mils frowznfdf 'reams refforr. Hg soon, meglizes that
tlieie fliixliifh lie has:7retafihe'tl from About 'caTi1?p'Na1te
5 few. of Qliingqtliaf Help ijghinfaln ling' :Nllfil1l1,S
s!amI.ingna51 S, naval power:
'Tlie knoviledge ,of the Li,nd,ividixzil.'coo11di11aied
into ,a teamg 3lld1ll18l1.l8llhlB instantaneous response
to an .order ,given by one im authority is: .the
fiinfrdlin -fdii the mdpermjon of che! Navy gin, times
iff' phages aim. wap.
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SHIP'S WORK TRAINING
Ailoat or ashore, each naval unit is generally a self-sustaining
unit. The messing of the crew, all the housekeeping chores, and
the watch standing must be p'erformed by those assigned to the
unit. Throughout his naval career, regardless of his rate or rating,
each man is in some way concerned with these service duties to
which the recruit is introduced in his Ship's Work Training. In
any unit, men in t.he lower rates will usually perform the "chores"
and those in the higher rates will supervise themg all must stand
watches, and all must live together in the same ship.
The fifth week of recruit training is devoted to instruction and
practical experience in Ship's Work Training. For 9-weeks of his
training period the recruit is waited upon in the mess halls by
other recruits and for one week he takes his turn in performing
these important tasks for his shipmates in recruit training.
Although the fifth week is specifically designated for training
in these service duties, much of his training continues through-
out the 9-week training period. Every messenger or sentry watch
and every cleaning detail is a part of the recruit's training in the
problems of community living.
In the Recruit Training Command it is believed that the things
a recruit must learn in Ship's Work Training can best be taught
by actually doing them, for experience is the greatest teacher of all.
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LIFE IN THE
Probably the most important thing that a recruit must
learn during his recruit training is how to live with others
in a military organization. Life and living conditions in
the Navy differ so greatly from anything the young man
has known in civilian life that teaching him to live in
close quarters as a member of a military group becomes
one of the major missions of recruit training.
At the Training Center his barracks is the recruit's
"home". It is in his barracks that he spends an appre-
ciable portion of his time in training. Here he establishes
himself-in a sense, drops his anchor-for the eleven
weeks in which he will be experiencing the transition
from civilian to military life.
The barracks is not only a place for the recruit to
sleepg it is his most important classroom. Here he "learns
by doingn. He learns to live with others and to take care
of himself and his belongings. The scrubbing of his
clothing, the cleaning of his barracks, and the constant
inspections all serve but one purposeg to prepare him
for a successful life during the remainder of his tour in
And it is not all work, for the recruit must also learn
the need of a Navy man for the companionship of his
fellows, for mail from home, and for amusement and
relaxation. He should also develop the habits of writing
letters and budgeting his spare time. These things he
learns in his barracks life at the Training Center.
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"The greatest decisions of human history have been wrought by com-
anies o believin men because men who devoutl believe in some-
thing will always triumph over those who do not believe greatly in
The Honorable Robert B. Anderson
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY EXTENSION MAGAZINE
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When the recruit enters the military service he is given
the opportunity of practicing his particular religion. Im-
mediate contact is made with a chaplain of his faith who
acquaints him with the chaplains role in conducting Divine
Services, administration of the Sacraments and in the devel-
opment of a religious program.
Lectures on Character Guidance and companion Hlms are
presented by the chaplain wherein the Recruit is encouraged
to develop his moral responsibility, his self control and his
The Recruit is assured that the Chaplain is available for
personal interviews under ordinary and extraordinary cir-
cumstances and stands ready to assist him at all times, either
personally or through the agencies of the Navy Relief So-
ciety and the American Red Cross with whom the Chaplain
keeps in close contact.
Contact with home and the loved ones is encouraged to
assist the Recruitis morale, instill in him a sense of duty to
his parents and a continued association with his local church.
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Although recruit training is highly routine and consistent in
its treatment of all aspiring sailors, the Navy does recognize
the necessity of providing various forms of recreation to satis-
fy the many and divergent interests and energies of recruits.
Recruit Training Command has howling alleys, TV lounges,
swimming pools, gymnasiums, libraries, and recreation centers
to create and develop the recreational interests of all its trainees
in their olf-duty hours. A hobby shop staffed with skilled in-
structors in photography, modelcraft, leathercraft, and carpen-
mack I p
try is at the disposal of all the recruit population. Professional
variety shows feature the personal appearances of top perform-
ers of the screen, stage, radio and TV. In addition, the latest
and Hnest in movie entertainment is available.
The Navy Exchange operates special stores and cafeterias
for recruits to provide them with the extra items and luxuries
they may desire. The small profits derived from these sales are
then utilized in providing the various recreational facilities and
programs outlined above.
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Perhaps one of the most remembered features of a recruits
training is his Graduation Review. This is a performance put
on solely by recruits for the benefit of their relatives and other
visiting guests of the training center.
Every Saturday morning during the summer Ross Field is
paraded by the graduating companies. They are not aided in
any way by their company commanders or officers who have
worked with these men during their training. This is their chance
to display their newly learned abilities in military drill, military
bearing, and to perform in the Navy's traditional military pomp
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AMERICAN SPIRIT HONOR MEDAL
THE AMERICAN Spirit Honor Medal is a medallion offered and
ff 5' provided by the Citizens Committee for the Army, Navy and Air
Force, Inc., of New York, N. Y. The American Spirit Honor Medal has
been accepted by the Department of Defense for use as an award
to enlisted personnel who, while undergoing basic training, display
outstanding qualities of leadership best expressing the American
Spirit-Honor, Initiative, Loyalty, and High Example to Comrades
in Arms. This medallion has also been accepted by the Department
of Defense for the promotion of closer ties between the Armed
Services and the Civil Communities of the continental United States
in which the Armed Services establishments are located.
Added to the recruit graduating companies are the special
units. These units are commanded by recruits, and all of their
members are men in training. The Drum and Bugle, the Drill
Team and the Band are the recruits special units.
These units and the companies performing on their gradu-
ation day leaves in the mind of the visiting public a picture of
proud men of the fleet performing a very impressive ceremony
of military review. To the recruit it is a day hc will remember
all the rest of his life.
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Commenced Training: 2 July 1956 'IOTH REGIMENT
Completed Training: ll September 1956 'IOIST BATTALION
LCDR H. W. ENABNIT LT J. D. SLOAN, USN LTJG J. E. SHAPIRO, USNR J. E. CLASSEN, ENT
Brigade Commander Regimental Commander Battalion Commander Company Commander
Milo D. Prindle
Larry A. Hartzler
Raymond F. Luthe
Gene A. Adams
G. R. Anderson
Jack E. Arnold
James A. Asbpole
Roland L. Ayers
Robert L. Farley
Lynn H. Gosse
J. V. Gratten, Jr.
R. R. Hanson, Jr.
Dennis E. Harbin
T. L. Harbin
Kenneth W. Hart
G. L. Hunnicutt
David G. Johnson
Duane D. Judd
Joseph P. Kappler
D. S. Kleinschrodf
John R. Laugen
Gary A. Lovlein
David D. Loveioy
Argyle E. Lukens
lrvin L. Markl
John L. Martin
Kennefh E. Means
Earl B. Meyer
Lyman E. Miller
Leon D. Mitchell
Jackie L. Olson
J. R. Ostrander
Arvin H. Pierce
Richard W. Rahman
H. A. Rasmussen, Jr
W. R. Roessler
Lee J. Sass
J. F. Schabacker
James F. Schade
Harvey O. Shaw
Lowell T. Skagen
F. L. Steffen
Lyman K. Sfeil
Arvid J. Siiles
Evereh' R. Tabor
S. P. Termafli, Jr.
T. U. Tlworson
Adrian M. Tobin
W. R. Wcngen
G. R. Word, Jr.
C. Q. Wcfros
Philip O. Willey
John C. Willmer!
Donald G. Wilson
Howard G. Worden
Richard D. Yocom
D. M. Holberf
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Irvin L. Murkl, Company Honorrnun
iq-Q .73 .
1 OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY
I WASHINGTON 25 D. C
f- q DEPARTMENT or
1 , .
T0 THE PARENTS OF THE GRADUATES OF RECRUIT TRAINING
Successful completion of recruit training is the
first major accomplishment in every Navy man's career.
His ability to adapt himself
the Navy's high standards of
not only to himself but also
others in his home community
become a fine young American.
Our Navy cannot achieve
of the nation's defense team
to Navy life and to meet
performance is a credit
to his family and those
who have helped him to
its mission as a member
without the services of
many thousands of young Americans who are willing to
work hard and long to ensure
that this country will
be able to defend her precious freedom if the test
Whether your son decides to make the Navy his
career, or prefers to return
to civilian life upon
completion of his present enlistment, he will need
the encouragement and understanding of you at home
in order to do his Navy job successfully.
For our part, those of us in positions of leader-
ship in the Navy pledge our constant loyalty to him
and concern for his best interests.
Working together, we can keep our Navy the world's
best and a great protector of freedom throughout the
Secretary of the Navy
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The Navy as a Career
Fire Control Technician CFU
Hospital Corpsman QHMJ
Guided Missileman 1651
Dental Technician CDU
Torpedoman's Mate CTM!
Machine Accountant QMAQ
Pajrachute Rigger QPR,
Gunner's Mate CGMJ
V Metalsmith QMEQ
Machinist's vMa'te IMMJ
Boatswain's Mate QBMD
Photographer's Mate CPI-ll
Machinery Repairman QMRJ
Damage Controlmajn QDCJ,
Aviation Electronics Technician KATU
Aviation Structural Mechanic QAMJ'
Aviation Electrician's Mate CAE!
t Aviation Fire Control Technician QAQD
Aviation Boatswain's Mate KABJ
Aviation Electronicsman QALJ
Aviation Ordnanceman QAOJ
Aerographer's Mate QAGJ
Disbursing Clerk QDKJ
Air Controlman QACJ
' Personnel Man QPNJ
Pipe Fitter QFPl
Utilities Man QUTJ
Ship's Serviceman QSHJ
Electronics Technician CEU
Aviation Storekeeper QAKI
Aviation Machinist's MateKADJ
Aviation Guided MissilemanqGFl
Interior Communications Electrician 'QICJ
Construction Electrician's Mate QCEQ
Communications Technician QCTJ
The Path of Advancement
MOST enlisted personnel enter the naval
service as Seaman Recruits. After their ini-
tial. training, the varied aspects of which are
pictured in this book, they are qualified to take
advantage of many tangible career opportuni-
ties presented by the Navy Rating System.
The term '4rating'7 applies to groups of Navy
occupational duties which require essentially
the same aptitudes, training, experience, skills,
and physical and mental abilities. Within the
rating there are uratesn which indicate a man's
pay grade and his level of experience, knowl-
edge, and responsibility. The general principles
of the rating system evolved during the Navyis
150-odd years of existence, the details of its
structure were worked out by officers, enlisted
men, and civilians experienced in personnel
management. In itself it contributes much to
morale by providing a real incentive for the
enlisted men through its recognition of distinct
occupations and in its program for steady ad-
All Seaman Recruits QSIU who are gradu-
ated from recruit training are .automatically ad-
vanced to Seaman Apprentice CSAQ. Aboard a
ship or station, the apprentice receives addi-
tional training in general seamanship and re-
lated work and, after six months, become
eligible for promotion to Seaman CSND. By
this time he has become interested in the du-
ties performed by personnel in a specialty rat-
ing and from then on he is promoted in a par-
ticular rating such as are seen on these pages.
Having received promotions through third,
second, and first class petty officer, a man be-
comes eligible for advancement to chief petty
officer, the highest enlisted rate of his occupa-
tional line of work. From there, career steps
in all ratings lead to one of twelve warrant of-
ficer billets or to a commission as an officer in
a limited duty category.
The master seamen of the Navy
are the Boatswain's Mates CBMD
- persons skilled in all phases
of seamanship such as- the op-
eration of small boats, cargo
handling, and use of naviga-
tional aids besides the handling
of personnel in the deck forces.
The training of Navy personnel
requires highly specialized ap-
paratus. Various types of train-
ing aids and training devices
are used to simulate actual op-
erating conditions under which
Navy personnel work. The suc-
cess of this phase of the Navy's
program depends upon how
well the Tradevman QTDJ main-
tains training devices and how
effectively naval instructors are
taught to uso them.
.57 1 '
. I 4, V.
The safety of a ship at sea de-
pends to a great extent on
skillful navigation. Messages
and orders must be transmitted
quickly and accurately lay vis-
ual means from the ship to
other ships and to the shore.
Careful watch must be main-
tained for enemy ships and air-
craft. The Quartermaster per-
forms or assists in the per-
formance of these duties.
Fire Control Technicians IFTD op-
erate extremely complicated
equipment which is used to
compute and resolve the many
factors such as the force of
the wind, course and speed of
a target, roll and pitch of a
ship, in order to insure accu-
racy in the tiring of a ship's
Promotion and pay are subjects close to the
heart of every Navy man and the objectives of
this system for advancement can be stated very
simply: to provide qualified personnel in each
rate in accordance with the needs of the serv-
iceg to give the individual incentive to improve
his performance, and, to build morale.
Basic to the system of advancement are the
needs of the service. A properly balanced crew
consisting of the multitude of ratings necessary
to man a iighting ship can only be eifective if
each man holding a rate can do the job ex-
Next in importance is the spark of incentive
which is needed in training, discipline, and ca-
reer planning. Promotions are controlled so
that they offer a reward to the man who suc-
cessfully prepares himself for the next higher
rate, and who is willing and able to accept re-
The third major objective is the building of
morale. Every conscientious man must be made
to feel that eventual advancement is open to
him at a speed commensurate with his ability
and demonstrated performance.
Eligibility standards provide control of the
quality of personnel advanced and it is these
standards which present an equal opportunity
for each man to best take advantage of his po-
sition-besides the vocational training in the
schools and on-the-job, there are numerous
training manuals published by the Navy for all
the ratings and all personnel are urged to study
these manuals in order to prepare themselves
for early advancement.
Furthermore, there are opportunities in the
Navy to complete a perhaps interrupted civilian
education, begin or further college training, or
obtain a working knowledge of other vocations.
Any of these aims can be realized through the
hundreds of courses available to every Navy
man through the United States Armed Forces
Institute, college correspondence courses, Gen-
eral Educational Development tests, and class-
These pages give only a glimpse of the va-
riety and types of career vocations which the
Navy offers to those who are willing to recog-
nize and take advantage of the opportunities.
Electrician's Mates CEMJ are
skilled in the operation, main-
tenance and repair of a ship's
electrical equipment. Other sim-
ilar naval ratings would be the
Interior Communications Elec-
trician UCD, Construction Elec-
trician's Mate or Aviation Elec-
trician's Mates lCEl lAEl.
Modern Navy aircraft have in-
creased the range of naval
weapons from a few miles to
hundreds of miles. They carry
guns, bombs, torpedoes, and
rockets to attack the enemy on
the sea, under the sea, in the
air, and on the land. The spe-
cialists responsible for the per-
fect working order of all arma-
ment on Navy planes are the
Aviation Ordnancemen IAOJ
Much of the credit for the good
health of Navy personnel is
due to the work of the Hospital
Corpsmen lHMl. They are the
Navy's pharmacists, medical
technicians. and first aid men.
The Journalist fJOl plays an
important part in maintaining
high Navy morale through the
dissemination of news and in
keeping the public inlormed as
to the developments, accom-
plishments, and policies of the
Navy. This is done through ship
and station newspapers, bulle-
tins, pamphlets, news releases,
and radio scripts.
0Advanced base operations re-
quire the construction of many
buildings, docks, trestles,
bridges, and other similar pro-
iects. Builders IBUJ play an im-
portantl part in the erection,
maintenance, and repair of such
Naval activities in peace and
war are carefully recorded vis-
ually by means of motion' pic-
tures and still photographs tak-
en by skilled Photographer's
Modern naval aircraft, operat-
ing from carriers, battleships,
cruisers, or land bases, depend
upon their radio receivers and
transmitters, loron fa system of
navigation based upon two
radio signalsl, radar, and many
other electronic devices for safe
and efiicient navigation. Avia-
tion Electronics Technicians lATl
are responsible for the installa-
tion, operation, and mainte-
nance of such equipment.
Naval vessels contain an in-
volved piping system. Fluids
which are piped from one point
to another on a ship include
steam, compressed air, carbon
dioxide, gasoline, fuel oil, and
water. The constant care re-
quired by the piping system is
provided! by the Pipe Fitters
Where do we go from here?
USS Missouri at Pearl Harbor
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IFE at sea, assignment to ships and squadrons, "Where
do we go from here?" are natural thoughts and ques-
tions in the minds of ex-recruits. Their lives will he en-
riched hy exposure to other cultures and peoples, for the
sun never sets on the ships of the U. S. Navy. From the
Arctic to the Antarctic, from Marseille to Sydney, in all
oceans and seas, in all types of ships both large and small,
the missions of the Navy are being performed.
On these pages we have shown a few typical pictures
of the ships of our Navy performing their assigned duties.
Some of the ships are assigned to oversea fleets on a ro-
tation hasis-those assigned to the Sixth Fleet cover the
Mediterranean Sea, others of the Seventh steam through
the Western Pacific, while still other ships on independent
duty such as ice breakers, hydrographic survey ships and
net tenders cruise to isolated ports which seldom see a
ship. All types of combatant vessels may he included on
good-will tours to such diverse and interesting countries
as Australia, Brazil, Pakistan and Denmark. It would be
very difficult, indeed, for a sailor not to see the world.
-, 'vi'l?:Eli1l'.:115'l+ . , r 1
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USS Burton Island USS Swan near Golden USS Solace anchored at
in Bering Sea Gate Bridge New Hebrides Islands
USS Whifely in Mid-Atlantic USS Coral Sea ai anchor, Naples, Italy
Typical Career Men of the U. . Navy
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141, 1 t A
IEUTENANT COMMANDER IIOMER M. PERCIFIELD,
U. S. Navy, was enlisted in the regular Navy at Indi-
anapolis, Indiana, in 1932. After undergoing recruit train-
ing at the Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois,
his first duty assignment was the battleship USS MARY-
LAND CBB-42I. During his six and one-half years on the
MARYLAND, he was assigned all deck seamanship billets
from seaman deck hand to division leading petty officer
and was advanced through all rates from seaman to boat-
swain's mate first class.
In 1939, Mr. Percifield was transferred to the USS
MARBLEIAIEAD CCL-121 and in 1942 was appointed chief
boatswain's mate. On 15 August 1943, he was commis-
sioned an Ensign in the regular Navy. At the present, Mr.
Percificld is the Training Officer in the Service School
Command at Bainbridge.
After a course of instruction' at the Naval Ordnance and
Gunnery School in Washington, D. C., in, 1945, Mr. Perci-
field saw duty at the Naval Shipyard in Long Beach and
was transferred to the destroyer USS LOWRY QDD-7705
in 1947 for duty as First Lieutenant and Training Officer.
Later in 1947 he was on duty at the Navy Recruiting Sta-
tion in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as Assistant Officer-im
Charge and Public Relations Officer. While in Pittsburgh,
he received his promotion to the grade of Lieutenant.
OHN J. CARROLL, Chief Quartermaster, U. S Navv
completed recruit training at the Naval Training Cen
ter, Great Lakes, Illinois, in July 1943. During World War
II he served aboard the USS LCI CLD 361 in the Asiatic
Pacific area during the invasions of Hollandia, Montal,
and the Philippine Islands. After the war., Chief Carroll
was on board the USS SAGAMORE CATO-201 and the
Uss MARQUETTE CAKA-953 for duty.
During the Korean confiict, having previously seen dutv
on a destroyer and a light cruiser, he was transferred to
the USS BEXAR CAPA-2371 for its operations during the
invasion of Inchon and Wonsan. It was as a result of this
last duty for which he received a letter of commendatlon
Prior to reporting to the Recruit Training Command at
Bainbridge, Chief Carroll served on board the USS ASH
LAND QLSD-IJ in supply operations at Thule, Greenland
Since arriving at Bainbridge in September, 1952, his du
ties have included those of Company Commander, Aca
demic Instructor and Battalion Adjutant.
Chief Carroll wears the Good Conduct Medal, Letter of
Commendation, American Theatre, Asiatic-Pacific, Philip
pine Liberation, World War II Victory, National Service
Defense, European Occupation, United Nations and Ko
rean Service ribbons.
URNETT WALTER CARTER, Fire Control Technician
First Class, U. S. Navy, was graduated from high
school in 1949 and enlisted in the regular Navy. l-le under-
went recruit training at San Diego, California, and was
subsequently ordered to Washington, D. C., for a tour of
duty under instruction in the Fire Control Technician
Class "A" School. Upon completion of his training he re-
ceived orders to the destroyer USS MANSFIELD which was
operating in the bombnrdmcnts off' the coasts of Korea. A
short time later the MANSFIELD participated in the in-
vasion of Inchon after which it was struck by a mine and
returned to the United States.
In three succeeding tours with the MANSFIELD in the
Far East, Carter became entitled to wear the Navy Unit
Commendation and Good Conduct Medal, the Navy Occu-
pation, China Service, American Defense, Korean Service,
United Nations, and the Korean Presidential Unit Citation
For three months of the four year duty on the MANS-
FIELD, Carter was trained at the advance Fire Control
Technician School in Washington, D. C. During the past
year he was transferred to the Naval Training Center at
Bainbridge where he is currently serving as an instructor
in the Fire Control Technicians Class "A" School.
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