US Navy Recruit Training Command - Keel Yearbook (Great Lakes, IL)
- Class of 1955
Page 1 of 80
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 80 of the 1955 volume:
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A KEEL, as defined in Bluejackets Manual, is Htbe back-
bone of a ship." In the Navy of today, as in the past, the
enlisted man and his shipmates form the backbone of the
NAVY. Recruit Training Command assumes the respon-
sibility of transforming the young men of America into
the earnest and dedicated sailors needed to man the iieets
of the UNITED STATES NAVY.
This book is a pictorial representation of the training
received by every recruit as he is indoctrinated in the du-
ties and responsibilities he must take up in the billet of
a man-o'-warsman, and so it is called THE KEEL.
In future years, THE KEEL should prove a pleasant re-
minder of one of the most formative and important periods
in a man's life whether he is a career Navy man or a civilian
reminiscing over his uhitchi' in the naval service.
The weeks and months served in Recruit Training Com-
mand are not easy, but, of necessity, are rigorous and de-
manding. This training is diligently planned and admin-
istered in order to develop the strength of character, loyal-
ty, and patriotism in every trainee so as to prepare him
to defend his country, its ideals and people, against any
ALBERT LOVE ENTERPRISES
All Rights Reserved
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The Role of The United States
The Navy and Sea Power
Early in the seventeenth century Sir Walter Raleigh observed
that 'fWhosoever commands the sea, commands the trade, who-
soever commands the trade of the. world, commands the riches
of the world and, consequently, the World itselff,
That principle is as true today as it was centuries ago.
Nothing of major import has occurred, not even the advent of
the modern aircraft, to lessen the importance of sea power and
sea trade to our national defense and prosperity.
The day has not been reached, nor ever will be reached,
when control of the seas of the world can be exercised solely
by shore-based aviation, guided missiles, and the atom bomb.
Control of the sea can be exercised effectively only by forces
which travel the sea and can remain at sea for long periods
Sea forces and sea-based air forcesfin other Words, sea
power-furnishes the only effective control of the sea. Sea
power has a mobility which land power can never have. What-
ever the weapons used, aircraft carriers lhighly mobile air
fields! can be moved at high speed to the most favorable points
for attack on enemy targets. Whatever the weapons used, large
ground forces can be transported rapidly by naval means to
selected coastal points and landed against opposition. The
mere threat of such attacks at unpredictable points would im-
mobilize large enemy forces held in reserve to mcet them, thus
forcing the enemy to effect a wide dispersion. Dominant sea
power, therefore, in the hands of the United States and its
Allies, would deny to an enemy the ability to attack us from
the sea while conferring on us the ability to launch a seaborne
attack at any selected point or time.
The continued vital importance of sea power is clearly evi-
dent. When the oceans of the world are no longer required for
the transport of men and goods, then and only then can the
United States afford to dispense with a Navy.
The Navy's Offensive Power
Fulfilling an historic role the United States Navy today, as
in the past, maintains a vigilant guard over the freedoln of the
seas. Naval power, as exhibited throughout the struggles of
World War ll and as used in the United Nationsf efforts in the
Far East, is an indispensable part of modern defense upon
which the security of our country ultimately rests. On the sea,
under the sea, in the air above the sea, and in land operations
where naval forces including the Marine Corps are connnitted,
the Navy stands ready to meet any aggressive challenge when-
ever and wherever offered.
Navy in National Defense
The modern fleet includes many task forces built around the
present capital ship-of-the-line, the aircraft carrier. Fast carrier
task forces composed of carriers, battleships, cruisers, destroy-
ers and other combatant vessels, are the principal elements of
today's offensive naval strength and, as such, comprise the
Navyfs main striking force. The Navy is no longer shackled by
the historic barriers of the shoreline, nor by the range of its
shipborne gunsg but can strike blows deep in enemy territory,
and can deliver at the target the atom bomb, when and if
needed. Fast carrier task forces are able, without resorting to
diplomatic channels, to establish offshore anywhere in the world
airfields completely equipped with machine shops, ammunition
dumps, tank farms, warehouses, together with quarters and all
types of accommodations for operating personnel. Such task
forces are virtually as complete as any air base ever established
ashore. They constitute the only air bases which can be made
available at the enemyis frontier without assault and conquest.
Amphibious Assault and Naval Bombardment
Whenever and wherever assault and conquest is deemed
necessary, the accomplishment of an amphibious assault until
a stable beachhead has been established is solely the respon-
sibility of the Navy. The amphibious task forces are composed
of all types of ships, naval aircraft, under-water demolition
teams, reconnaissance facilities, and the specialized troops-the
Marine Corps. Before, during, and after an initial assault naval
guns and rockets launchers, in close coordination with naval
aircraft,'are able to devastatingly bombard enemy troops and
installations, and lend close strategical and tactical support to
our own ground forces in their advance to a desired objective.
Submarine and Anti-Submarine Warfare
The Navyfs submarine forces, with a history of outstanding
performance in World War ll, are ready to assume again their
vital tasks of offense or defense in any mission assigned, And,
as a defensive measure, the Navy's "Hunter-Killer" task units,
composed of escort carriers, blimps, and destroyers equipped
with newly developed electronic devices, are training together
as a team to track down and destroy any undersea craft of an
ln addition to its function of denying the use of the sea to
an enemy, the Navy now has the responsibility of lifting cargo
by sea for the supply of all the armed services abroad. This
problem seems to become more enormous and complex with
1Continueml on next pagel
each war. The Far Eastern operations are no exception as
shown by the fact that the cargo discharged in that area has
averaged more than sixty pounds per man per day. This is
well above the World War ll average of forty-four pounds per
man per day in any theatre of operation. The tremendous and
ever-increasing task of logistical supply to overseas bases will
always remain a naval responsibility.
Superior Naval Strength
Through all its varied components, the United States Navy
exercises control of the seas and the coastal areas bounding
them. All units of the fleet display unrivaled flexibility and
mobility and, together, comprise a vast fighting potential-
inimical to the interests of aggressive-minded nations-and a
powerful safeguard of freedom.
ln measuring our own capabilities against a potential enemy,
due appreciation must be taken of the factors of relative
strength and weakness. We may, for example, find ourselves
comparatively weak in manpower. We know happily that we
are superior in naval strength, which includes the strength of
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lt is axiomatic that in preparing for any contest, it is wisest
to exploitfnot neglect-the elements in which we have superior
strength. We must lead from strength-not from weakness.
We should "Accentuate The Positivef,
Thus it is that a policy which provides for balanced develop-
ment and coordinated use of strong naval forces must be
fostered if we are, within the foreseeable future, to meet the
challenge of arms of the forces which seem to oppose us.
Trained Naval Personnel
The Navyfs fighting ships and aircraft represent the results
of Americafs most advanced scientific research and develop-
ment. They are precision products of American ingenuity and
industry. But scientific research, improved equipment, and new
naval construction alone will not insure that the Navy can
maintain its present world leadership. The need for highly
trained and qualified personnel to man the ships and aircraft
is now greater than ever.
To meet this need, the Navy is constantly revising and
improving its many and varied training programs and facilities
in order to keep pace with modern educational and technical
advancements, and thus provide the highly trained and qualified
personnel required to maintain and operate "The greatest Navy
the world has ever knownf,
The New Concept of Recruit Training
The recruit of today differs somewhat from his World War
II counterpart. Today most of the men in recruit training are
under twenty years of age. These men are young and im-
pressionableg many of them are entering the Navy with definite
intent to make the Navy their career. lt is of importance to
the Navy that these men get the hest possible start in their new
venture. The transition from civilian to military life must
be smoothg indoctrination in the customs, traditions, and reg-
ulations of the service must be thorough, basic Navy knowl-
edges and skills must be developedg pride in and love for the
Navy must be carefully cultivated. Especially in time of peace
must there be an increase in the emphasis placed on the- mental,
moral and social development of the individual. He must be
led to a desire for self-improvement and advancementg a real-
ization of his status in and importance to the Navy-a sense
of belonging, and understanding of his place in a democracy
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as a sailor and a citizen-a fuller appreciation of the American
way of life, the adoption, for himself, of high standards of
responsibility, military performance and conduct.
The Navy's stake in this enterprise is tremendous. From
these men will come the petty officers, the warrant officers, and
some of the officers of the Navy of the future. That Navy can
be no better than its men. The goals set forth above are stated
in terms of ideals, hence can never be fully realized. But it
is in recruit training that progress toward these goals must
begin. And continued progress, wherever these men may be
throughout the Navy, will ultimately produce the strong, effec-
tive manpower required for the most powerful Navy in the
The information contained in this editorial, and in all other written
presentations, features and captions appearing in this publication, was
obtained from official United States Navy sources.
The pictures illustrating this editorial are official United States Navy
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Great Lakes is the Midwest's largest Naval installation.
A veteran of two world wars and the Korean conflict,
Great Lakes has served primarily as a recruit training
establishment-bridging the gap from civilian to military
life-by introducing recruits to Naval customs and dis-
cipline, and preparing them through intensive training
for the requirements of Naval service. A
During World War Il, approximately 1,000,000 Blue-
jackets were trained at Great Lakes-about one out of
every three in the wartime fleet, and twice the number
trained at any other installation.
In addition to its primary function of training recruits,
Great Lakes provides advanced training in various tech-
nical schools for the numerous specialists required in
today's modern and complex Navy. In these schools, men
of the fleet learn to be electronic technicians, machinists,
gunners, enginemen, electricians, dental technicians,
boilermen, and hospitalmen, to name a few of the spe-
cialties. The Dental Technician School is one of the few
Armed Forces schools offering instruction to Army and
Air Force personnel as well as Navy. The Hospital Corps
School, which can accommodate 1600 students, is a part
of the U. S. Naval Hospital at Great Lakes.
'The Naval Hospital is one of the Navyis major hospitals
for treatment and care of ill and injured personnel. At
the height of the Korean fighting, more than 700 battle
casualties were under treatment here.
The establishment of two large Naval supply activities
here in recent years has increased Great Lakes' impor-
tance as a Naval supply center. Numerous Naval activities
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throughout the Midwest, as well as ships of the fleet,
obtain equipment through the enlarged Naval Supply
Depot. In addition, a large Electronic Supply Office at
Great Lakes controls the procurement and distribution
of repair parts required for the maintenance of electronic
equipment at shore stations and in Navy ships.
Great Lakes also is the headquarters of the Ninth Naval
District-the largest Naval district in the nation, encom-
passing 13 midwestern states. The Commandant of the
Ninth Naval District directs the hundreds of Naval ac-
tivities in this land-locked area. Included among these
activities is administration of the large Naval Reserve
program in the Midwest, where civilians who are Naval
Reservists receive practical instruction in weekly drills at
72 training centers. They also participate in annual
cruises aboard ships of the Great Lakes training squad-
'Y Other activities at Great Lakes have all-Navy functions.
These include: CID the Naval Examining Center, which
prepares and processes rating examinations for the en-
tire Navyg C2j Fleet Home Town News Center, which
receives news stories and photographs of Naval personnel
from all parts of the world and distributes them to home-
town newspapers, and C31 Navy Medical Research Unit
No. 4, whichconducts research into the cause, cure, and
control of respiratory diseases.
Waves have been stationed at Great Lakes since the
Navy volunteer women's organization was established in
1942. A Wave recruit training school was located here
from 1948 to 1951. In addition to filling essential jobs
at Great Lakes, Waves also attend some of the specialty
Great Lakes' history dates back to 1904, when a board
appointed by the President selected the site of the Naval
Training Center from among 37 locations on the Great
Lakes. The Merchants' Club of Chicago raised the funds
to purchase the property, and the land was presented to
the Government as a gift from the people of Chicago.
On July 1, 1911--six years to the day after construc-
tion began-Great Lakes was commissioned. It consisted
of 39 buildings, with a capacity of 1,500 men. During
World War I, the training center was expanded to 775
buildings with a capacity of almost 50,000 trainees.
More than 125,000 men received their first Navy train-
ing here during World War I.
Great Lakes' population dropped sharply during the
years between wars, but population and construction be-
gan a rapid increase after President Roosevelt pro-
claimed a national emergency on September 9, 1939.
Pearl Harbor threw the expansion program into high
gear, with 13,000 civilians working in shifts, seven days
a week, to build additional barracks, mess halls, and
training facilities. A total of 675 buildings had been
erected by the end of 1942, and in 1944 the population
reached a peak of more than 100,000.
At the end of World War II, Great Lakes consisted of
approximately 1,000 buildings. Since then, these facil-
ities have been utilized in the continued training of
recruits and in Great Lakes' expansion as an important
advanced school center for the Navy.
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The transition from civilian to Naval life be-
gins in the Receiving Unit where the new recruit
is first introduced to the procedures of process-
ing in. It is here that the recruit is given thor-
ough medical and dental examinations, the
Navyis General Classification Test Battery is ad-
ministered and a complete outfit of Navy uni-
forms and clothing is issued to him. These first
few days of processing in are no doubt a little
confusing to the new recruit, but in a short time
he begins to adjust to his new surroundings and
feel more at home.
After the initial logging in procedures, the
first and one of the most important steps of the
processing begins with the administering of the
Navyis General Classification Test Battery. It is
through the results of these tests combined later
with an interview by a trained classification in-
terviewer, that the Navy is able to select the ap-
propriate career pattern for each man -entering
the service. Designations for special schooling
after completion of recruit training are made at
At the completion of his processing in period,
the recruit is getting the feel of his new Navy
uniforms, having shipped his civilian clothing
home, and is now ready to move, with his com-
pany, to the main training area. The company
commander, a carefully selected and thoroughly
experienced, career Navy Petty oflicer, takes
charge of the company at this point to begin
his joh of molding, guiding and leading his com-
pany through basic recruit training.
Indoctrination represents an essential span
in bridging the gap for recruits from civil to
military life. The planks so necessary in the
construction of a true man-0-warsman, the rev-
erence for naval customs and traditions, the
obedience to naval discipline and the irreplace-
able esprit-de-corps are carefully laid in this
process of indoctrination. In addition, the
equally essential seed of personal pride is
planted in order to promote within the individ-
ual recruit high standards of responsibility,
conduct, manners and morals. Indoctrination
is successful when, along with what has been
mentioned before, it instills within the recruit
an understanding of the importance of team-
work in joint tasks and the responsibility of
the individual toward his shipmates and ship.
Success within the Navy is measured in terms
of advancement. Included in the objectives of
indoctrination then is the development of a de-
sire for self-improvement and advancement.
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Indoctrination is more a mental than a
physical process and so the U. S. Navy goes one
step further in ensuring that its sailors are the
best prepared, mentally as well as physically.
It strives to impress upon the recruit the fact
that as a member of the military, he is now a
sailor-citizen. With this in mind an attempt is
made to inculcate an understanding and appre-
ciation of the fundamental workings of democ-
racy, the Navy's place in our democracy, and
the American way of life. '
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Among the many varied operations ex-
pected of a ship at sea, perhaps the primary
function of its existence is to be able to
protect its country by virtue of possessing
superior Hrepower. But having the guns is
only half of the job . . . the other half
involves providing highly trained men to
operate the weapons.
The Ordnance and Gunnery Division
presents to the recruit a series of classes
which attempt to introduce the general
types of ordnance equipment utilized in the
The recruit spends most of his time with
his rifle. After becoming familiar with the
feel and weight of it, he is instructed in the
principles of operation, He learns to hold
it, aim it, and are it most effectively. He
is introduced to the various small arms he
will most likely encounter duringthis serv-
ice years, i.e., the Carand M-1, the Brown-
ing Automatic Rilie, and the Thompson
His instruction also includes a series of
lectures and demonstrations designed to
familiarize him with the various types of
ammunition and how to identify one type
from another. Along this same line he is
provided with some practical experience in
the loading and firing operation of the
TUMM and the 5"f38 guns. Although the
ammunition used is of the dummy type,
being completely harmless, still speed, thor-
oughness, and safety factors are stressed
as if the crew were performing under bat-
When the recruit leaves the Command
and reports aboard his first ship for duty
he is assigned to a battle station, and more
than likely that involves one of the gun
crew billets. Through shipboard practice
at drills he becomes increasingly proficient
at his job, but without the preliminary
training he received while a recruit, the
period of learning this job would be in-
creased and the efficiency of shipboard op-
ln keeping with the highest scholastic
standards of the Navy, the recruit has been
exposed to a course of study in which the
most modern teaching techniques and train-
ing aids were cmployed. He has seen
movies, charts and slides. He has seen the
actual guns and ammunition and he has
had the opportunity to apply this knowledge
in the actual loading and firing drills. He
has gained the confidence and pride that
accompanies mastery of a particular task
and we too share in his pride. Weire proud
to see the recruit learning to do a job well,
taking his place in the ranks as one of our
MEN OF THE NAVY.
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To men who will 'ggo down to the sea in shipsw a knowledge
of basic seamanship is fundamental. Although some seamanship
skills can he mastered only from long experience at sea, the
foundations upon which these skills are based form an important
part of recruit training. Emphasis here is placed upon teaching
the recruit the language of the sea and the names and uses of
the tools of his new trade.
Among the suhjects taught to the recruit are marlinspike sea-
manship and knot tying, steering and sounding, anchoring and
mooring, and the recognition of various types of ships, their
characteristics and structures. Ho learns the principles of ship-
board organization and something of thc role he will later play
as a memhcr of his ship's company. He receives practical instruc-
tion in the use of the sound-powered telephones by means of which
personnel stationed in various parts of his ship may communicate
with each other.
By the time he completes recruit training the recruit will have
learned many of the fundamentals of seamanship which will
stand him in good stead on hoard ship.
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The purpose of the program of instruetion at the Damage Control
Training Unit is to teaeh the recruit the basie principles of shipboard
damage control. The teaching of these basic principles is divided into
two main topics. tlt How to Fight fire. 12? llow to defend effectively
against Atomic, Biological, and Chemical Warfare.
The program is set up in such a way as to accomplish the following
specific objectives: tl! Remove unwarranted fear of fire. 121 Develop
a feeling of confidence within each reeruit, in his ability to eonquer
fire. t3t Provide actual experience in the basic procedures of fighting
shipboard-type fires. 145 Aequaint each recruit with the individual
protective measures to be taken in the event of an Atomic, Biological,
or Chemical Warfare attack.
Prior to his day of fire-fighting on the Held at the Damage Control
Training lnit, each recruit receives four periods of elassroom instruc-
tion. During these four periods the recruit is taught to understand fire,
what it is, and what components are necessary to eause it. He is taught
that the right Combination of fuel, air, and heat will cause fire. He is
shown the different pieces of equipment that the Navy uses to fight
fire and is taught, on the blaekboard and the movie sereen. how to use
this equipment himself.
The next part of the recruit's training in shipboard damage eontrol
is his full day feight periodsl of actually fighting "live" fires on the
field at the Damage Control Training lnit. llere, with his fellow re-
cruits, he has the opportunity to get on the bose, and actually take
the nozzle in his own hands. lle is taught how to approaeh the hre
properly, to stay down low where the maximum amount of air is. lie
is taught how to use effectively on each fire, the Navy! two different
types of water-fog patterns. He is taught how to smother out a hot
gasoline fire with a blanket of millions of tiny air bubbles. called
"mechanical foamf' He is taught how to operate and eare for the
ullandy Billy" emergency water pump, and how to don, wear. and
Care for the Oxygen Breathing pipparatns. which permits man to go
into spaces where there is no air. till this, along with "beans and
hot dogs" for noon chow. is paeked into a big day on the fire-fighting
In addition. the reeruit receives six periods of elassroom instruetion
on Atomic, lliologieal, and Cbemieal Warfare defense. ln these classes
he becomes one of the "informedu who really knows exaetly what he is
up against in the event of one of these types of attaek. Ile does not
have to rely upon rumors any longer. lle is taught how to don. wear,
and eare for the Navy Nlark IV Cas Mask, what type of eover to take
in the event of an atomie attack. and how to avoid beeoming the vietim
of an attack using biological agents in food or water. lie is taught
what to expeet. and how to protect himself, as well as his shipmates,
from the many different types of danger that may result from an Atomic,
Biological, or Chemical Warfare attack.
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The mission of the Physical Training
division is to develop strength, ability, and
endurance in recruits through mass ex-
ercises, the obstacle course, and comba-
tive sports. lt is also the responsibility
of the Physical Training division to instill
the ideals of fair play and sportsmanship
in recruits by means of their participation
in various competitive sports.
Swimming and Sea Survival is another
highly important phase of the recruit's
physical training. The young men being
indoctrinated as sailors in our Navy must
be accomplished swimmers and equipped
in the methods of sea survival in order to
ensure that they are afforded the maxi-
mum protection against the potential
perils of the sea. Special emphasis is
placed on fundamental swimming strokes,
abandon ship and rescue drills, flotation
drills, life jackets and inflated trousers,
shirts, and jumpers.
By means of careful instruction by
competent instructors and serious atten-
tion and practice on the recruits' part..
these men may leave Recruit Training
Command with the confidence that they
are prepared in the swimming skills and
associated sea survival techniques.
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Military drill equals marching drills, physical
drills, semaphore drills as a group, and the in-
dividual's own development in mind, body, and
self-discipline. These are all combined into this
important phase of a recruit's training.
The object is to develop the habits of instan-
taneous response to commands and the feeling of
working together as a "team."
To the recruit, the "team" spirit and instan-
taneous response to orders is directed toward the
company's efforts to win one of the drill flags
awarded to outstanding companies in military drill.
When the recruit leaves boot camp to join the
fleet he carries with him the habits of quick re-
sponse to orders, and the coordination of individ-
uals toward team effort. He soon realizes that
these habits he has retained from boot camp are
a few of the things that help maintain our Nation's
standing as a naval power.
The knowledge of the individual coordinated
into a team, and that teams instantaneous response
to an order given by one in authority is the
formula for the operation of the Navy in times
of peace and war.
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SHIP'S WORK TRAINING
Afloat or ashore, each naval unit is generally a self-sustaining
unit. The messing of the crew, all the housekeeping chores, and
the watch standing must be performed by those assigned to the
unit. Throughout his naval career, regardless of his rate or rating,
each man is in some way concerned with these service duties to
which the recruit is introduced in his Shipis Work Training. In
any unit, men in the lower rates will usually perform the "chores"
and those in the higher rates will supervise themg all must stand
watchesg and all must live together in the same ship.
The fifth week of recruit training is devoted to instruction and
practical experience in Ship's Work Training. For 9-weeks of his
training period the recruit is waited upon in the mess halls by
other recruits and for one week he takes his turn in performing
these important tasks for his shipmates in recruit training.
Although the fifth week is specifically designated for training
in these service duties, much of his training continues through-
out the 9-week training period. Every messenger or sentry watch
and every cleaning detail is a part of the recruitis training in the
problems of community living.
In the Recruit Training Command it is believed that the things
a recruit must learn in Ship's Work Training can best be taught
by actually doing them, for experience is the greatest teacher of all.
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LIFE I THE
Probably the most important thing that a recruit must
learn during his recruit training is how to live with others
in a military organization. Life and living conditions in
the Navy differ so greatly from anything the young man
has known in civilian life that teaching him to live in
close quarters as a member of a military group becomes
one of thc major missions of recruit training.
At the Training Center his barracks is the recruitls
Hhomew. It is in his barracks that he spends an appre-
ciable portion of his time in training. Here he establishes
himselffin a sense, drops his anchor-for the eleven
weeks in which he will be experiencing the transition
from civilian to military life.
The barracks is not only a place for the recruit to
sleepg it is his most important classroom. Here he 'clearns
by doingn. He learns to live with others and to take care
of himself and his belongings. The scrubbing of his
clothing, the cleaning of his barracks, and the constant
inspections all serve but one purpose, to prepare him
for a successful life during the remainder of his tour in
And it is not all work, for the recruit must also learn
the need of a Navy man for the companionship of his
fellows, for mail from home, and for amusement and
relaxation. He should also develop the habits of writing
letters and budgeting his spare time. These things he
learns in his barracks life at the Training Center.
5 4 5 4 g
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6'The greatest decisions of human history have been wrought by com-
panies of believing men, because men who rlevoutly believe in some-
thing will always triumph over those who rlo not believe greatly in
The Honorable Robert B. 'Anderson
Assistant Secretary of the Navy
PHOTOGRAPH COURTESY EXTENSION MAGAZINE
Wihen the recruit enters the military service he is given
the opportunity of practicing his particular religion. lm-
mediate contact is made with a chaplain of his faith who
acquaints him with the chaplains role in conducting Divine
Services, administration of the Sacraments and in the devel-
opment of a religious program.
Lectures on Character Guidance and companion films are
presented hy the chaplain wherein the Recruit is encouraged
to develop his moral responsibility, his self control and his
The Recruit is assured that the Chaplain is available for
personal intcryicws under ordinary and extraordinary cir-
cumstances and stands ready to assist him at all times, cithcr
personally or through the agencies of thc Navy Relief So-
ciety and the American Red Cross with whom the Chaplain
keeps in close contact.
Contact with home and the loved ones is encouraged to
assist the Hccruit's morale, instill in him a sense of duty to
his parents and a continued association with his local church.
Q W A-,
Although recruit training is highly routine and consistent i11
its treatment of all aspiring sailors, the Navy does recognize
the necessity of providing various forms of recreation to satis-
fy the many and divergent interests and energies of recruits.
Recruit Training Command has bowling alleys, TV lounges,
swimming pools, gymnasiums, libraries, and recreation centers
to create and develop the recreational interests of all its trainees
in their off-duty hours. A hobby shop staffed With skilled in-
structors in photography, modelcraft, leathercraft, and carpen-
try is at the disposal of all the recruit population. Professional
variety shows feature the personal appearances of top perform-
ers of the screen, stage, radio and TV. ln addition, the latest
and finest in movie entertainment is available.
The Navy Exchange operates special stores and cafeterias
for recruits to provide them with the extra items and luxuries
they may desire. The small profits derived from these sales are
then utilized in providing the various recreational facilities and
programs outlined above.
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Perhaps one of the most remembered features of a recruits
training is his Graduation Review. This is a performance put
on solely hy recruits for the benefit of their relatives and other
visiting guests of the training center.
Every Saturday morning during the summer Ross Field is
paraded hy the graduating companies. They are not aided in
any way by their company commanders or ollicers who have
worked with these men during their training. This is their chance
to display their newly learned abilities in military drill, military
hearing, and to perform in the Navyis traditional military pomp
in the Navy's traditional military pomp and ceremony.
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provided by the Citizens Committee for the Army, Navy and Air ' 'tf ' 2"f r
Added to tl1e recruit graduating companies are the special
units. These units are eonnnanded hy reeruits, and all of their
members are men in training. The Drum and Bugle. the llrill
Team and the Band are the recruits special units.
These units and the companies performing on their gradu-
ation day leaves in the mind of the visiting public a picture of
proud men of the fleet performing a very impressive ceremony
of military review. To the recruit it is a day he will remember
all the rest of his life.
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AMERICAN SPIRIT IFICNOR MEDAL eslrtel
THE AMERICAN Spirit Honor Medal is a medallion olfered and " i'-ti' M A - ' "v-i
, Force, Inc., of New York, N. Y. The American Spirit Honor Medal has 9
" been accepted by the Department of Defense for use as an award ra, IO 2 " H
"" to enlisted personnel who, while undergoing basic training, display - l Q43 " ZF 1
i outstanding qualities of leadership best expressing the American I b-:.
Spirit-Honor, Initiative, Loyalty, and High Example to Comrades ' K
af? . . . .
4, in which the Armed Services establishments are located.
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in Arms. This medallion has also been accepted by the Department 'rr' --
of Defense for the promotion of closer ties between the Armed trac, ,,-- - -
Services and the Civil Communities of the continental United States
A" g 'W
2 10TH REGIMENT
Commenced Training: 31 May 1955
Completed Training: 2 August 1955
1 0 2ND BATTALION
LCDR K, W, MONTZ LT J. D. SLOAN LTJG F. W. WILSON W. R. MARSHALL, MMI
Brigade Cqmmm-,der Regimental Commander Battalion Commander Company Commander
Charles R. Jackson
Jimmie R. Hamilton
G. D. Stickley jr.
C. B. Wilson
Delbert F. Adkisson
Vernon J. Adkisson
Lewis G. Barnhardt
Harry R. Campbell
Earl D. Chaon
Clifton R. Cheek
George M. Cobb
Paul R. Combs
Earl W. Costephens
Bennie H. Daigre
Phillip C. Dawley
James R. Dickerson
Virgil L. Dowell
William D. Faris
R. D. French III
John T. Gray
Cleveland Greene Jr.
James E. Hindman
William D. Horan Jr.
Kenneth E. Hughey
Joseph W. Jackson
John R. Jensen
Willaford A. Jenkins
Arthur L. Johnson
Robert J. Jones
Jack W. Jones
Larry R. Klein
Dennis K. Ledgerwood
Richard A. Lossing
Billy R. Lowder
Ronald L. Matson
W. D. McCraW Jr.
Lawrence E. Miller
Donald L. Moore
Fred J. Schwalm Jr.
Sidney E. Shoumake
Edward L. Taylor
Raymond J. Torrez
Kenneth E. Turner
Connie M. Turner
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C. L. Vermillion
D. D. Vinsonhaler
D. L. Vinsonhaler
jonathan D. Voss
Robert L. White
W. B. Lisenby
R. W. Scott
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f' . DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
fun OFFICE or THE SECRETARY
WASHINGTON 25. D. C
T0 THE PARENTS OF THE GRADUATES OF RECHUIT TRAINING
Successful completion of recruit training is the
first major accomplishment in every Navy man's career
His ability to adapt himself
the Navy's high standards of
not only to himself but also
others in his home community
become a fine young American.
Our Navy cannot achieve
of the nation's defense team
to Navy life and to meet
performance is a credit
to his family and those
who have helped him to
its mission as a member
without the services of
many thousands of young Americans who are willing to
work hard and long to ensure
that this country will
be able to defend her precious freedom if the test
Whether your son decides to make the Navy his
career, or prefers to return
to civilian life upon
completion of his present enlistment, he will need
the encouragement and understanding of you at home
in order to do his Navy job successfully.
For our part, those of us in positions of leader
ship in the Navy pledge our constant loyalty to him
and concern for his best interests.
Working together, we can keep our Navy the world's
best and a great protector of freedom throughout the
CHAHLES S. THOMAS
Secretary of the Navy
The Navy as a Career
Fire Control Technician CFU
Hospital Corpsman QHMQ
Guided Missileman QGSJ
Dental Technician QDTJ
Torpedoman's Mate UMD
Machine Accountant QMAJ
Parachute Rigger QPRJ
Gunner's Mate QGMJ
Machinist's Mate QMMQ
Boatswain's Mate QBMJ
Photographer's Mate QPHJ
Machinery Repairman CMR!
Damage Controlman CDC,
Aviation Electronics Technician KATJ
Aviation Structural Mechanic CAMJ
Aviation EIectrician's Mate fAEl
Aviation Fire Control Technician QAQJ
Aviation Boatswain's Mate CABJ
Aviation Electronicsman QALJ
Aviation Ordnanceman QAOJ
Aerographer's Mate QAGJ
Disbursing Clerk KDKQ
Air Controlman QACD
Personnel Man QPNJ
Pipe Fitter CFPJ
Utilities Man CUT!
Ship's Serviceman QS!-lj
Aviation Machinist's MatefADj
Aviation Guided Missilemanqglly
Interior Communications Electrician UCD
Construction Electrician's Mate QCEJ
Communications Technician CCTJ
The Path of Advancement
MOST enlisted personnel enter the naval
service as Seaman Recruits. After their lm-
tial. training, the varied aspects of which are
pictured in this book, they are qualified to take
advantage of many tangible career opportuni-
ties presented by the Navy Rating System.
The term ffratingi' applies to groups of Navy
occupational duties which require essentially
the same aptitudes, training, experience, skills,
and physical and mental abilities. Within the
rating there are 'frates" which indicate a man's
pay grade and his level of experience, knowl-
edge, and responsibility. The general principles
of the rating system evolved during the Navy's
150-odd years of existence, the details of its
structure were worked out by officers, enlisted
men, and civilians experienced in personnel
management. In itself it contributes much to
morale by providing a real incentive for the
enlisted men through its recognition of distinct
The master seamen of the Navy
are the Boatswain's Mates IBM!
- persons skilled in all phases
of seamanship such as the op-
eration of small boats, cargo
handling, and use of naviga-
tional aids besides the handling
of personnel in the deck forces.
The training of Navy personnel
requires hlghly specialised ap-
paratus. Various types of train-
ing aids and training devices
are used to simulate actual op-
erating condltions under which
Navy personnel work. The suc-
cess of this phase of the Navy's
program depends upon how
well the Tradevman TD main
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tains training devices and how
effectively naval instructors are
taught to use them.
occupations and in its program for steady ad-
All Seaman Recruits CSRD who are gradu-
ated from recruit training are automatically ad-
vanced to Seaman Apprentice CSAJ. Aboard a
ship or station, the apprentice receives addi-
tionalltraining in general seamanship and re-
lated work and, after six months, become
eligible for promotion to Seaman QSND. By
this time he has become interested in the du-
ties performed by personnel in a specialty rat-
ing and from then on he is promoted in a par-
ticular rating such as are seen on these pages.
Having received promotions through third,
second, and first class petty officer, a man be-
comes eligible for advancement to chief petty
officer, the highest enlisted rate of his occupa-
tional line of work. From there, career steps
in all ratings lead to one of twelve warrant of-
ficer billets or to a commission as an officer in
a limited duty category.
The safety of a ship at sea de-
pends to a great extent on
skillful navigation. Messages
and orders must he transmitted
quickly and accurately hy vis-
ual means from the ship to
other ships and to the shore.
Careful watch must he main-
tained for enemy ships and air-
craft. The Quartermaster per-
forms or asslsts in the per-
formance of these duties.
Flre Control Technicians QPU op-
erate extremely complicated
equipment which is used to
compute and resolve the many
factors such as the force of
the wind, course and speed of
a target, roll and pitch of a
shlp, ln order to Insure accu-
racy in the firing of a shlp's
QL De N
6- Q, A
The Navy uses large numbers of
meters and guages, watches,
clocks, typewriters, adding ma-
chines, etc. To maintain these
many and varied machines in
good working order, Instru-
mentmen UMD of great skill are
The many engines, compressors,
gears, retrigerating, airconcli-
tioning, gas generating equip-
ment, and other types of ma-
chinery aboard a modern
Naval vessel require much care
and attention. Here lies the
responsibility at the Machin-
ist's Mate CMM! - in the oper-
ation, maintenance, and repair
of this machinery.
Promotion and pay are subjects close to the
heart of every Navy man and the objectives of
this system for advancement can be stated very
simply: to provide qualified personnel in each
rate in accordance with the needs of the serv-
ice, to give the individual incentive to improve
his performance, and, to build morale.
Basic to the system of advancement are the
needs of the service. A properly balanced crew
consisting of the multitude of ratings necessary
to man a fighting ship can only be effective if
each man holding a rate can do the job ex-
Next in importance is the spark of incentive
which is needed in training, discipline, and ca-
reer planning. Promotions are controlled so
that they oifer a reward to the man who suc-
cessfully prepares himself for the next higher
rate, and who is willing and able to accept re-
The third major objective is the building of
morale. Every conscientious man must be made
to feel that eventual advancement is open to
him at a speed commensurate with his ability
and demonstrated performance.
The responsibility of the Com-
missarymen CCSD is to provide a
sanitary and ellicient operation
of the kitchens from which
toad is served ashore or afloat.
Wholesome, hearty meals are
necessary and can often do
more to raise the morale of
personnel than any other one
The propelling agent of our
large naval ships is steam. Ef-
ficient operation, maintenance,
and repair of marine boilers
are essential for ellective oper-
ation of Navy Ships. The ef-
ticient production of steam is
the iob of loilermen KBTJ. At
Boilerman's School, cutaway
models of complicated mecha-
nisms make learning relatively
Eligibility standards provide control of the
quality of personnel advanced and it is these
standards which present an equal opportunity
for each man to best take advantage of his po-
sition-besides the vocational training in the
schools and on-the-job, there are numerous
training manuals published by the Navy for all
the ratings and all personnel are urged to study
these manuals in order to prepare themselves
for early advancement.
Furthermore, there are opportunities in the
Navy to complete a perhaps interrupted civilian
education, begin or further college training, or
obtain a working knowledge of other vocations.
Any of these aims can be realized through the
hundreds of courses available to every Navy
man through the United States Armed Forces
Institute, college correspondence courses, Gen-
eral Educational Development tests, and class-
These pages give only a glimpse of the va-
riety and types of career vocations which the
Navy offers to those who are willing to recog-
nize and take advantage of the opportunities.
Electrician's Mates CEM! are
skilled in the operation, main-
tenance and repair of a ship's
electrical equipment. Other sim-
ilar naval ratings would be the
Interior Communications Elec-
trician UCJ, Construction Elec-
trician's Mate or Aviation Elec-
trician's Mates ICE! IAEJ.
Modern Navy aircraft have il.-
creased the range of naval
weapons from a few miles to
hundreds of miles. They carry
guns, bombs, torpedoes, and
rockets to attack the enemy on
the sea, under the sea, in the
air, and on the land. The spe-
cialists responsible for the per-
fect working order of all arma-
ment on Navy planes are the
Aviation Ordnancemen IAOL
Much of the credit for the good
health of Navy personnel is
due to the work of the Hospital
Corpsmen IHMJ. They are the
Navy's pharmacists, medical
technicians, and first aid men.
The Journalist U01 plays an
important part in maintaining
high Navy morale through the
dissemination of news and in
keeping the public informed as
to the developments, accom-
plishments, and policies of the
Navy. This is done through ship
and station newspapers, bulle-
tins, pamphlets, news releases,
and radio scripts.
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Advanced base operations re-
quire the construction of many
buildings, decks, trestles,
bridges, and other similar pro-
jects. Builders QBUJ play an lm-
portant part in the erection,
maintenance, and repair of such
Naval activities in peace and
war are carefully recorded vis-
ually by means ef motion pic-
tures and still photographs tak- ,
en by skilled Photographer's
Modern naval aircraft, operat-
ing from carriers, battleships,
cruisers, or land bases, depend
upon their radio receivers and
transmitters, loran la system of
navigation based upon two 1
radio signalsl, radar, and many
other electronic devices for safe
and efficient navigation. Avia-
tion Electronlcs Technicians IATJ
are responsible for the installa-
tion, operation, and mainte- ,
nance of such equipment.
Naval vessels contain an in-
volved plping system. Fluids
which are piped from one point
to another on a ship include
steam, compressed alr, carbon
dioxide, gasoline, fuel oil,.and
water. The constant care re-
quired by the piping system is
provided by the Pipe Fitters
Where cle we ge from here?
USS Missouri at Pearl Harbor
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IFE at sea, assignment to ships and squadrons, "Where
do we go from here?" are natural thoughts and ques-
tions in the minds of ex-recruits. Their lives will he en-
riched hy exposure to other cultures and peoples, for the
sun never sets on the ships of the U. S. Navy. From the
Arctic to the Antarctic, from Marseille to Sydney, in all
oceans and seas, in all types of ships both large and small,
the missions of the Navy are being performed.
On these pages we have shown a few typical pictures
of the ships of our Navy performing their assigned duties.
Some of the ships are assigned to oversea fleets on a ro-
tation hasis-those assigned to the Sixth Fleet cover the
Mediterranean Sea, others of the Seventh steam through
the Western Pacific, while still other ships on independent
duty such as ice breakers, hydrographic survey ships and
net tenders cruise to isolated ports which seldom see a
ship. All types of combatant vessels may he included on
good-will tours to such diverse and interesting countries
as Australia, Brazil, Pakistan and Denmark. It would be
very difficult, indeed, for a sailor not to see the world.
Q f . .
USS Burton Island USS Swan near Golden USS Soluce anchored at
in Bering Sea Gate Bridge New Hebrides Islands
USS Whitely in Mid-Atlantic USS Coral Sea at anchor, Naples, Italy
A --,' is
Typical Career Men of the U. S. Navy
IEUTENANT COMMANDER HOMER M. PERCIFIELD,
U. S. Navy, was enlisted in the regular Navy at Indi-
anapolis, Indiana, in 1932. After undergoing recruit train-
ing at the Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois,
his first duty assignment was the battleship USS MARY-
LAND CBB-421. During his six and one-half years on the
MARYLAND, he was assigned all deck seamanship billets
from seaman deck hand to division leading petty oflicer
and was advanced through all rates from seaman to boat-
swain's mate first class.
In 1939, Mr. Percifield was transferred to the USS
MARBLEHEAD CCL-121 and in 1942 was appointed chief
boatswain's mate. On 15 August 1943, he was commis-
sioned an Ensign in the regular Navy. At the present, Mr.
Percifield is the Training Officer in the Service School
Command at Bainbridge.
After a course of instruction at the Naval Ordnance and
Gunnery School in Washington, D. C., in, 1945, Mr. Perci-
field saw duty at the Naval Shipyard in Long Beach and
was transferred to the destroyer USS LOWRY CDD-7701
in 1947 for duty as First Lieutenant and Training Officer.
Later in 1947 he was on duty at the Navy Recruiting Sta-
tion in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, as Assistant Officer-im
Charge and Public Relations Officer. While in Pittsburgh,
he received his promotion to the grade of Lieutenant.
OHN J. CARROLL, Chief Quartermaster, U. S Navy
completed recruit training at the Naval Training Cen
ter, Great Lakes, Illinois, in July 1943. During World War
II he served aboard the USS LCI CLD 361 in the Asiatic
Pacific area during the invasions of Hollandia, Montal
and the Philippine Islands. After the war, Chief Carroll
was on board the USS SAGAMORE CATO-201 and the
USS MARQUETTE CAKA-955 for duty.
During the Korean conflict, having previously seen duty
on a destroyer and a light cruiser, he was transferred to
the USS BEXAR CAPA-2372 for its operations during the
invasion of Inchon and Wonsan. It was as a result of this
last duty for which he received a letter of commendatton
Prior to reporting to the Recruit Training Command at
Bainbridge, Chief Carroll served on board the USS ASH
LAND CLSD-11 in supply operations at Thule, Greenland
Since arriving at Bainbridge in September, 1952, his du
ties have included those of Company Commander Aca
demic Instructor and Battalion Adjutant.
Chief Carroll wears the Good Conduct Medal, Letter of
Commendation, American Theatre, Asiatic-Pacific, Philip
pine Liberation, World War II Victory, National Service
Defense, European Occupation, United Nations and Ko
rean Service ribbons.
URNETT WALTER CARTER, Fire Control Technician
First Class, U. S. Navy, was graduated from high
school in 1949 and enlisted in the regular Navy. I-le under-
went recruit training at San Diego, California, and was
subsequently ordered to Washington, D. C., for a tour of
duty under instruction in the Fire Control Technician
Class "A" School. Upon completion of his training he re-
ceived orders to the destroyer USS MANSFIELD which was
operating in the bombardments oil' the coasts of Korea. A
short time later the MANSFIELD participated in the in-
vasion of Inchon after which it was struck by a ,mine and
returned to the United States.
In three succeeding tours with the MANSFIELD in the
Far East, Carter became entitled to wear the Navy Unit
Commendation and Cood Conduct Medal, the Navy Occu-
pation, China Service, American Defense, Korean Service,
United Nations, and the Korean,PresidentialfUnit Citation
For three months of the four year duty on the MANS-
FIELD, Carter was trained at the advance Fire Control
Technician School in Washington,'D. C. During the past
year he was transferred to the Naval,Training Center at
Bainbridge where he is currently serving as an instructor
in the Fire Control Technicians Class "A" School.
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"Sea power is an investment that a nation consciously
makes in its future prospects in the world community.
Being an investment, it costs something---usually a great
deal--in terms of money, resources, time and terms of
power and independence to the nation, and prosperity and
happiness to its people .... We can either preserve our
investment in sea power, and with it our national strength
and independence, or we can neglect it, and in so do-
ing, undermine one of the foundations of our leadership
in the world."
The Honorable Robert B. Anderson
Asst. Secretary of Defense
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