US Naval Training Center - Compass Yearbook (Bainbridge, MD)
- Class of 1957
Page 1 of 112
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 112 of the 1957 volume:
q.- -1H.1Vac-rw.. .7:
"God and Coun+ry" - AH heads are bowed and +he church flags dipped as a Navy Chaplain delivers H19 invocaHon which commences fhe Graduafion Review.
Commanding Officer, Recruii Train- award. The Wave in +he foreground awaits a similar presenfafion which was
earned by an oufsianding performance of dufy while undergoing iraining.
The Reviewing Officer, Hanked by ?he . .
Eng Command congra'rulafes an honor recr'uHr upon fhe recelpf M hlS
m: DESTROYER uss WATTS AND THE CARRIER uss PHILIPPINE SEA TBEING
REPLENISHED BY A TANKER, THE uss PLATTE
"Change has mme suddenly in the Navy and it? impart has been mm
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THE NI'I'ED STATES
CONSTITUTION AND HMSV .IAVA q
December 29, 1812
uTo the Senate and House of Representatives.
AI lay before Congress a letter with accompany-
irom Commodore Bainbridge,
i ' VResolved by the Senate and House of Represen-
g his captur e tatives of the United States of America in Cone
a. The circumstances of g mbled, hat the President oi the United
the issue of this combat afford another instance a is hereby, requested to p
of the professional skill and heroic spirit which i i ' '
of b0 b ommodore Bai
and crew command the highest prais
ing the second instance in which the condition I 0 the
0f the captured ship, by rendering it impossible 'g d b 0 of the gal-
to get her into port, has barred a contemplated i d vices of Captain
reward for successful valour, I recommend to the ' i ' , hi d crew, in the
consideration of Congress, the equity and pro- p h irigate java, after a success-
priety of a general provision allowing m such
C3565! both P35 : a fair proportion Oi H. Clay, Speaker of the House of Representatives
the value whim e to the captors on W. H. Crawiord, Pres. of the Senate, Pro, Tem.
the safe arrival and sale of the prize."
March 3, 1813
James Madison Approved:
N Av A L H E R I TAG E J OHN PAUL JONES set the pattern for aggressive,
resolute fighting which has always been the ideal
of the U. S. Navy. The heritage of our modern
Navy is a vast montage of individual maritime
achievements. Whether the ship be wooden, sail,
armored, or atom powered, the indomitable spirit
of fighting, sea faring, American men have made our
country the bastion of the free world today.
To John Paul Jones went the honor of first hoist-
ing the Stars and Stripes over an American man-of-
war, the USS RANGER, of receiving the first na-
tional salute in Quiberon Bay on February 14, 1778,
from France. In command of the BONHOMME
RICHARD he defeated and captured the SERAPIS
off Flamborough Head, giving our Navy its famous
fighting words upon an invitation to surrender, "I
have not yet begun to tight."
With such inspiration thousands of American
sailors have followed in his wake, making individ-
ual courage collectively the spirit of our Navy.
Commodore Edward Preble, like John Paul Jones,
tilled his oHicers and men with esprit and fighting
courage. Some of "Preblets boys" became the great
leaders of the War of 1812, Stephen Decatur, James
Lawrence, Thomas Macdonough. Perry swept Bri-
tish sea power off Lake Erie. Hull and Bainbridge
in the CONSTITUTION, along with Decatur in
the UNITED STATES, established American naval
power on the high seas during the first year of the
War of 1812.
As our nation grew in stature in the family of
nations, so did our naval officers grow in stature as
diplomats. Typical of their exploits was Commo-
dore Matthew Galbraith Perry's negotiations with
the Emporer of Japan in 1853-54.
Our war between the states developed the same
kind of lighting men. David Dixon Porter became
famous on the Mississippi River. Captain Raphael
Semmes in the commerce raider, CSS ALABAMA,
alone captured sixty-nine union ships before he was
destroyed off Cherbourg, France by Winslow in the
USS KEARSAGE. Perhaps the outstanding Civil
War naval hero was David Glasgow Farragut
CtDamn the torpedoes, full speed aheadl'h, whose
fleets enforced the blockade of the Confederacy.
JOHN PAUI. JONES, 1747-1792 tCECEl-IA BEAUXi One generation of fighting men breeds its suc-
"I HAVE NOT YET BEGUN TO FIGHT", JOHN PAUL JONES'
QUAlIFICATIONS 0F REPLY TO CAPTAIN PEARSON OF THE SERAPI
THE NAVAl OFFICER
IT IS BY NO MEANS enough that an officer of
the Navy should be a capable mariner. He must
be that, of course, but also a great deal more. He
should be as well a gentleman of liberal education,
refined manners, punctilious courtesy, and the nicest
sense of personal honor.
He should be the soul of tact, patience, justice,
firmness, and charity. No meritorious act of a sub-
ordinate should escape his attention or be left to
pass without its reward, even if the reward is only
a word of approval. Conversely, he should not be
blind to a single fault in any subordinate, though,
at the same time, he should be quick and unfailing
to distinguish error from malice, thoughtlessness
from incompetency, and well meant shortcoming
from heedless or stupid blunder.
Reproduction of paintings in this section are by courtesy of the U. S. Naval Academy COH'iHUEd "ex, page
Museum, the United States Naval Institute, the Naval Photographic Center, Chief of Naval
Operations. the Commandant of the Marine Corps. and the Electric Boat CompanyJ
CAPTAIN JAMES LAWRENCE'S thG WORDS FLOWN BY COMMODORE OLIVER
HAZARD PERRY, IN HIS FLAG SHIP DURING THE SEA BATTLE FOR LAKE ERIE 1813.
"AVAI- HERITAGE CONTINUED
cessors. Dewey, and Sampson, our naval leaders in the Spanish-
American War at the turn of the century, led and bred the naval
leaders of our next war, Wilson, Simms, Hart, Taussig, and
many others next guided our Navy in the defeat of the German
U-boat menace and convoyed our armies safely to France in the
war with Germany during 1917 and 1918.
Between the wars the Navy devoted its meager resources and
manpower, ships and funds to research and development in
aviation and submarine warfare. Stricken at Pearl Harbor and
the Philippines in 1941, practically blockaded by German sub-
marines operating off our East coast ports, the nation built, in
three short years, the most powerful naval force in the history of
the world. The indomitable spirit of our carrier dive bomber
and torpedo plane pilots turned the tide of the war in the Pacific
in the Battle of Midway, June 4th, 1942. From that day on, naval
power in the Pacific slowly but surely drove the Japanese im-
perial forces into their home waters. Powerful Amphibious
forces, protected alike by carrier air power and our submarine
forces, swept the Japanese armies off the Pacific Islands. Our
fast carrier task forces destroyed the Japanese Fleets. Possibly
the greatest air battle in the naval annals was the 44Mariannas
Turkey Shoot," in June 1944, in which the carrier pilots 0f
Admiral Marc Mitcher's Task Force 58 and antiaircraft fire
COMMODORE MATTHEW CALBRAITH PERRY IN THE USS SUSQUEHANNA ENTERING
YOKOHAMA, JAPAN 1853.
THE CONSTITUTION DEFEATS THE GUERRIERE tFRANK VINING SMITHl. CAP-
TAIN ISAAC HULL, IN PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOUS SINGLE SHIP ENGAGE-
MENT IN THE ANNALS OF THE U. S. NAVY PROVES "OLD IRONSIDES."
accounted for most of the 346 Japanese planes destroyed. After
the war the exploits of our "silent service," the men who fought
under the sea in our submarines, was finally publicized. Ranging
throughout the Pacific and into the very harbors of Japan itself
our fighting submarines sank 214 Japanese naval vessels $77,626
tonsy and 1,178 merchant vessels 61,053,491 tonsy, a monument
to the greatest submarine force in history.
During this period the Atlantic Fleet was rapidly breaking
the back of the German Navy by sweeping from the sea the
greatest submarine menace ever to threaten this nation. Our
convoys were supplying the allied armies in Europe and our
ships were conducting landings in Sicily, Italy and finally
Normandy. The greatest lltwo ocean" Navy in the world had
played a large part in bringing victory to America and the free
And this war, like all wars, led to the development of new
inventions, new techniques and new weapons conceived by
American genius and perfected by men of vision. While industry
COMMODORE MATTHEW CALBRAITH PERRY NEGOTIATING THE TREATY
WITH JAPAN 1853-BRILLIANT FEAT OF DIPLOMACY THAT OPENED THE
DOOR 'I'O WESTERN COMMERCE AND TRADE.
IRON vmsus woon tspwmm MORAm MARCH 8, 1862, m: css VIR-
GINIA tEX USS MERRIMACKi DEFEATS THE USS CUMBERLAND TO USHER IN
THE AGE OF STEEL SHIPS.
was being welded into a mighty supply force, our Seabees, under-
water demolition teams, amphibious sailors, marines and sup-
porting army divisions were being welded into a team that
spelled victory at sea.
Added to the illustrious naval leaders of this great Navy,
King, Nimitz, Halsey, Mitcher, McClain, Spruance, Lockwood,
Fletcher, and over three million other ofhcers and men also
served. The brainwork, the sacrifice, the devotion to duty of
generations past and present is the heritage on which we con-
tinue to build and improve our Navy. We are bound to the
past only by the good that it has provided and the glorious
traditions handed down to us. We are linked to the future by
our responsibility to deliver to it the best we have received and
the best we can produce.
Victorious over Japan and Germany, there is still no world
peace. Our Navy fought again in Korea for three years and the
task forces are still spread across the seven seas.
From Barry to Bainbridge to Burke the indomitable fighting
spirit is the real strength of our naval heritage.
BOATS AWAY AMPHIBIOUS LANDING tW. F. DRAPERL PACIFIC OPERATIONS,
WORLD WAR II.
THE RETURN OF THE MAYFLOWER t8. F. GRIBBLEL COMMANDER .l. K. TAUSSIG,
U. S. NAVY, LEADS THE FIRST DIVISION OF DESTROYERS INTO QUEENSTOWN,
IRELAND, MAY 4, 1917, TO COMMENCE OUR AN'I'ISUBMARINE WARFARE IN WORLD
HTFBATILE or MIDWAY tGRIFFITH BAILEY coma. m: wnrimer POINT or m:
PACIFIC WAR-NAVY DIVE BOMBERS SINKING THE JAPANESE CARRIERS AKAGI
AND sonvu, JUNE 4, 1942.
AIR DEFENSE PACIFIC TASK FORCE iDWIGHT C. SHEPLEM. OPERATION, WORLD
USS BARB IN PACIFIC ACTION WREDERICK J. HOERTZL THE PERFORMANCE OF BAKER DAY AT BIKINI ATOLL-1'HE FIRST OF A LONG SERIES OF ATOMIC TESTS
OUR SILENT SERVICE WAS NOT FULLY APPRECIATED UNTIL AFTER THE PACIFIC BY WHICH DEFENSIVE AS WELL AS OFFENSIVE NAVY TACTICS, WEAPONS AND
SYSTEMS FOR THE ATOMIC AGE WERE DEVELOPED.
FIRST MARINE DIVISION IN ACTION, KOREA, 8 JUNE 1953.
MARINES STORMING FORT CH'OJJIN KOREA, 1371 UOHN CLYMERL ACTION
lEADING TO THE FIRST TREATY BETWEEN KOREA AND THE UNITED STATES,
SIGNED IN 1882, ESTABLISHING COMMERCIAL RELATIONS AND THE PROTEC-
TION OF SHIPWRECKED SEAMEN.
, v A .7 - m w .. '
USS MISSOURI BOMBARDING WONSON, KOREA-UNITED NATIONS ACTION, MURDO SOUND ANTARCTICA-USS GLACIER CONTINUES THE NAVY'S WORLD
1950-1953. WIDE INTEREST IN SCIENTIFIC AND GEOGRAPHIC EXPLORATION. MT. EREBUS,
ONLY ACTIVE VOLCANO AT ANTARCTICA ON THE RIGHT.
HE PROBLEM of controlling the seasI in
tomorrow's world is'a greater challenge
to man than ever'before. As a consequence,7
our preparations to Ineet that challenge
must he stepped up to eVenlhighe.r Ievels.
OIIr Navy must be capable at'ai'm'oment'sf
notice of defeating any threat to our sea
. supremacy and our national safety no mat-
'ter from where that threat comes. .
, Our future men- -'of-War face eVer Increasa.
ing responsibilities. Things Will continue to"
,gmoye 'sWiItly around this steadIIy shrInkIng--
', globe now that We have rnoVed- into qn age , ,
of iet and atomic propulsmn. Guided mis-T:
"ilsiles, rockets,,and mines: have become I:
creasingly coI'nplex instruments that mount
these miraculous armaments.
Ships have changed greatly throughout
the generations that our Navy has guarded
United States interests on the world' s oceans,
and their qualitative superiority will always
remain a prime requisite to maritime su-
premacy But, it is the spirit and the skill of
the seagoing Inen themseIVes which 'will re-
main the key to success in battle. . 7
Techmcal advances and the possibilifies
ggI-V' the nuclear age notWIthstandIng, men
WiII eternally remain as the one essential In-
,9 edIent; to successful marItIme operatlons.'
THE WORlDlS SECOND lARGEST FLEET
Communist Obiectives in Their Plan For World Conquest
IEWING EUROPE from Moscow, we see a vast peninsula
surrounded on three sides by water. This view is similar to
one looking from the Manchurian border down that bitter test-
ing ground, the Korean Peninsula.
In the event of war, it is highly probable that the Soviet would
make every attempt to overrun the European Continent. In the
Allied effort to thwart this move, U. S. Naval Power will play
a decisive role. A major function of the United States Navy will
be the projection of the military might of this nation from the
seas against the flanks of forward movement of Russian armies.
Todayls Soviet war machine comprises in land power 2,500,000
troops, with an additional 1,100,000 in the satellite countries.
This does not include the massive armies of RedVChina. Soviet
Naval power includes 1,650 ships plus 1,100 miscellaneous craft,
and 100 more from the satellite countries. Soviet Air power in-
cludes 20,000 aircraft plus 4,000 more from the satellite countries.
With such military power as this, Soviet strategic objectives are
EUROPEAN PENINSULA AS SEEN FROM MOSCOW
Soviet objectives would be two fold. First, they would try to
keep our naval forces at such distances from the shores of Europe
as to render them ineffectual. Secondly, they would try to prevent
the arrival in the European ports of those merchant ships loaded
with logistic support so vital to the defense of the European
Peninsula. In its broadest aspects, there can be no question that
a major objective, political and military, of any prospective enemy
will be to isolate the United States from its friends and Allies and
weaken our capability to bring our strength to bear in united effort.
For centuries Russia has sought to acquire ports which have
access to navigable oceans the year round. Today the Soviet
Union is on a llpolitical-economic" offensive, If the Soviet Union
should go to war, this offensive would accelerate. For example,
as she moves down the European Peninsula she will find a need
for merchant ships as we need them now. In anticipation of this,
the Soviet Union owns a merchant fleet of some 700 ships. The
satellite countries have 100, and communist China has 110. The
estimated annual increase of this fleet is 60 ships. Here are some
interesting sidelights to the foregoing facts: Very few of these
ships are being constructed inside of Soviet Russia. Most of the
major shipbuilding facilities inside the Soviet Union are engaged
in warship construction. 01 those merchantmen being built out-
side of the Soviet periphery, the majority are being built in the
shipyards of the free nations of the world.
SEO0N0 T0 THE
IN WORl0 NAVAL
i ; l l
; i l
l l l l
15 9 a t : l 1 l
T l A l l l
ATTACK SUPPORT PATROL MINE AUXILIARY
AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFT VESSELS WARFARE VESSELS
CARRIERS CARRIERS VESSELS
U; S. ACTIVE FLEET -
CRUISERS DESTROYERS SUBMARINES
MAJOR COMBATANT MINOR COMBATANT
GROWING SOVIET NAVAL POWER
In keeping with Soviet strategic objectives, the Soviet Union
is a growing naval power. As a world naval power the Soviet
active fleet ranks second only to the United States. Her sub-
marine Heet continues to grow at an alarming rate; she has
nearly 500 submarines. In her auxiliary program she has a num-
ber of small submarine tenders which implies mobility and
advanced bases. Her planned use of submarines has shifted away
from the restraint of early 20th Century "Fortress Fleet" con-
cepts which characterized the Imperial and early Soviet Navy.
She has a growing surface Navy of 27 cruisers and 175 destroyers.
These facts become increasingly significant when we realize that
during World War II the Bismarck and other German surface
raiders at various times tied up large Allied naval efforts and
at the same time they had a definite ePfect on Allied cargo ship-
The Soviet Union has full appreciation of mine warfare.
Mines are a cheap and inexpensive method of sinking ships.
Her mine warfare force consists of 500 ships plus the mining
capabilities of her major combatant ships.
Although we believe the Soviet Navy has no aircraft carriers
she does have a naval air arm of more than 3,000 planes. She
intends to provide coverage for her naval forces with land based
air and sea planes. This is in complete keeping with the Soviet
strategic objectives to control Eurasian waters. This, in the eyes
of the Soviet, is a balanced Heet. She does not need aircraft
carriers to deny to us the use of those waters contiguous to the
Eurasian Continent. We, on the other hand, must be able to
control and exploit the entire ocean area. Aircraft carriers are
an essential part of that capability.
This is not the end of the Soviet story. Her program of build-
ing ships is accelerating. Since 1950 the Soviet Union has con-
structed over 200,000 tons in cruisers, she has built 9 times as
much tonnage in destroyers as we have, 6 times as much in sub-
The United States went to war twice when control of the seas
was threatened. Control of the seas will have a definite bearing
on our decision to fight the next war. The Soviet Union's ac-
celerated naval pace is in keeping with the communistic doctrine
of world domination.
SINCE 1950: SHOW-
ING INCREASE IN
L'HANT SHIPS 0VER
USSR AND ALLIES
200,000 MERCHANT SHIPS
OVER 1,000 TONS
CRUISERS SATELLITE CHINA
CONSTRUCTION 1950-'56 ESTIMATED INCREASE
El MUTUAL DEFENSE
NATIONS AND POSSESSIONS
I NEUTRAL NATIONS
I USSR AND SATELLITES
,5 MAJOR SEA LANES
PROJECTED BUMMUNIST MOVE
T0 BUT MAJOR SEA lANES
AND DIVIDE THE FREE WORLD
FREE WORLD DEFENSE
HE FREE WORLD is in effect an oceanic coalition which
includes such major treaties as the Organization of American
States, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Northern Tier,
South East Asia Treaty Organization, Australia-New Zealand-
United States and bilateral treaties with Spain, the Philippine
Republic, Nationalist China, The Republic of Korea and Japan.
Combined, these nations face the power of the Soviet Union and
her satellites, including Red China.
This means that the United States needs a Navy with the
planes, ships and men to do a job which in many aspects is
peculiar to naval power alone. Current events point up the
urgency of backing our immobile bases on foreign real estate
with a modern, fast, hard-hitting Navy.
The United States has become the arsenal of the free world.
Current commitments undertaken by the United States include
eight treaties involving 42 nations, and military assistance agree-
ments with 20 additional nations. Although not all of these
treaties bind the United States to go to war, there is a strong
moral obligation to do so. That all these treaties are dependent
on sea usage is not so surprising if it is remembered that 7202,
of the world is water. At the present time 62 nations, 52 percent
of the worlds land area, and 54 percent of the worlds popula-
tion, depend upon sea power for survival.
The distant defense we build against communist aggression
depends upon sea power for maintenance of our international
lanes of communication. These sea lanes must be made secure.
Over these ocean lanes come the raw materials which keep the
industrial machine of this nation running and, conversely, over
these same lanes go the finished products which are vital to the
survival of the free world and the economy of the free nations.
The offensive capabilities of the United States Navy are specifi-
cally designed to maintain the security of these sea lanes. In a
general war it is obvious that Soviets will make every effort to
cut these lanes.
To lose control of these sea lanes would divide the free world
into small and vulnerable areas following that time-proven rule
of warfare- "divide and conquer."
The United States Navy is playing an increasingly important
role in continental air defense, whose radar fences include the
distant early warning line, the mid-Canada line, and the pine
tree line. In order to prevent the Soviet Air Force from making
an end around these radar fences, the United States Navy is
charged with the responsibility of providing the ships and air-
craft of the seaward extension of the distant early warning line
and the contiguous ocean area radar coverage off the coasts.
We have learned to identify the submarine with the torpedo-
ing of ships and the mining of channels and harbor and sea
approaches. In recent years the submarine has assumed an ad-
ditional vital role as a member of anti-submarine forces. Now
what may well prove to be an even more important function of
the submarine is its employment as a guided or ballistic missile
USS NAUTILUS NUCLEAR POWERED SUBMARINE AT SEA
NUCLEAR SEA POWER
The advent of nuclear power, long range sonar, and guided
missiles have had such a radical effect on the submarine that it
must be considered virtually as a new weapon. Nuclear power
combined with improved hydrodynamics in hull designs gives
to the modern submarine greatly increased submerged speeds,
and endurance limited only by the stamina of the crew. New long
range sonar enables our submarines to project anti-submarine
warfare to the very enemy breakwater for the purpose of detect-
ing and sinking enemy submarines departing for and returning
The combination of the guided missile and the submarine
gives to us a weapon of unprecedented stealth and secrecy. This
submarine can be used to destroy naval installations, targets of
naval interest and, most important in that first phase of anti-
submarine warfare, the destruction of U-boat pens before the
enemy submarines have a chance to get to sea.
Survival of the free world depends upon the continuing ability
of the Allied Anned Forces to maintain suflicient strength to
counter and overcome any potential enemy, but the projection
of military power by air, land or sea depends upon the ability of
the United States Navy to control the seas.
The United States Navyls Shipbuilding and Conversion Pro-
grams are designed to meet the challenge of the Atomic Age and
are patterned on a long range plan to shift to nuclear power,
atomic weapons, guided missiles, and advanced warfare tech-
The USS NAUTILUS, the first nuclear powered submarine,
has exceeded our fondest hopes in operational capabilities. She
has steamed over 50,000 miles without refueling, Half of this
has been completely submerged. Our carrier planes have the
capability of delivering the atomic bomb. An interesting devel-
opment in missiles includes the development of a long range
missile. The Navy intends to launch these missiles from ships.
This will impart to the United States the tremendous advantage
of missile mobility. In other words, the Navy can launch these
missles from any place on the seven seas.
GUIDED MISSILE REGULUS lAUNCHED AT SEA
FUTURE NAVAL POWER
Naval power is divided into the following functions: air war-
fare, submarine warfare, anti-submarine warfare, and amphibious
warfare and support. In naval warfare all of these functions are
closely interrelated. ,
First, let us discuss the fast attack force. The fast attack force
comprises several carriers depending upon the mission. It is
screened by guided missile cruisers and guided missile frigates
as well as todayls versatile destroyers. The offensive capabilities
of this naval force include the destruction of enemy planes and
guided missiles before they become airborne, the mining of chan-
nels, disruption of interior transportation systems and the de-
struction of shipping. The capability of fast carrier forces to
destroy naval installations by atomic weapons contributes to that
highly important phase of anti-submarine warfare, the destruc-
tion of enemy submarines before they get to sea. Fast carrier
forces provide bombardment of enemy fortifications as well as
closely coordinated air support for the ground forces of the Army
and Marine Corps.
Defensively, the fast carriers have the built-in capability of
defense against enemy guided missiles and aircraft. This far-
roving force, in all-out nuclear war with its disastrous conse-
quences, may well throw the balance in our favor. The Soviet
Union is sure to have every fixed air base in the free world pin-
pointed and these will be included in the simultaneous attack
on the industrial centers of this country. In contravention, the
elusive mobility of the fast attack force imposes a serious burden
on the Soviet Union. First, he is never sure of the exact location
of this carrier attack force, and, second, he never. knows where
this force will strike. At even todayls modest speeds, the fast at-
tack force can be anywhere within 1.5 million square miles of
open sea in 24 hours.
DESTROY xx; AREAS
. AIR SUPPORT FOR
AL INSfALtk Ions,
SEA POWER MOBILITY
Mobility is of greater importance now than it has ever been in
the history of warfare. The destructive power of modern weapons
increases the importance of flexible mobility beyond anything
in the past. The basic essence of naval power is mobility. The
sea lends a mobility which land-based power can never have.
The modern and future submarine potential of the USSR
impose a serious threat to our national security along the coasts
of the United States. This enemy submarine threat falls in three
areas: guided missiles, mining, and attacks on our ships.
To defeat the Soviet submarine menace is going to take ex-
treme efforts on our part. The emphasis must be on offensive
anti-submarine warfare. It will take the concerted action of sur-
face ships, submarines and planes.
Anti-submarine warfare naturally falls into three phases.
Te. - DESTROY
First, we must be able to destroy enemy submarines before
they get to sea. This job falls to the aircraft of the fast attack
force, the guided missile submarine, and in the future to the
long range sea plane. In addition, we will use the mining capa-
bilities of our submarines in his port approaches.
Secondly, we must be able to destroy enemy submarines en-
route to the target. This is done by submarines in barriers in
coordination with aircraft. The attack submarine itself can sink
enemy submarines. A hunter-killer group with its support car-
rier in the center and its screen of destroyers carries fixed wing
aircraft and helicopters. The helicopter is a new addition to the
family of weapons to be used against the enemy submarine and
gives great promise.
Thirdly, we must be able to destroy enemy submarines after
they arrive in the target area. To do this we have escorts for
ocean and coastal convoys.
NEW GUIDED MISSILE FRIGATE UIRTIST'S CONCEPTIONl
In amphibious warfare the United States Marine Corps, the
pioneers in amphibious operations the world over, has devised
a new concept known as vertical envelopment. It involves the
landing of troops from helicopters. The heart of a future ame
phibious force is the assault helicopter ship. Aside from its capa-
bility of discharging troops with helicopters, it has the additional
advantage of carrying a complete battalion landing team and
all of the assault equipment inside one hull. There are many
advantages to this method: Our ships can operate outside of
mineable waters. They can be so dispersed as to minimize the
effect of atomic bombing. Their helicopters increase the speed
with which the first assault waves can be put ashore. After the
Marines have established themselves in an area behind the
enemy lines they move forward to secure a beachhead. Through
this opening will flow from the sea lanes, personnel and material
needed for a sustained campaign.
The Navy's building programs feature weapons that are
founded on sustained mobility, adaptable to all the aspects of
modern warfare. First, in current programs is an attack carrier.
This ship, the aircraft carrier, can be said to be the most im-
portant single type of ship that we have in the Navy today. It
is the most versatile instrument in warfare. For the foreseeable
future it will play an indispensable role. It provides the only
system of mobile bases for planes. The weapon systems of the
attack carrier include guided missiles as well as the heavy attack
aircraft with their atomic weapon capability, and the attack
aircraft for close support of troops.
Its defense weapons system includes anti-submarine patrol, air-
craft early warning, interceptor aircraft, and the combat air
patrol. Installed aboard the Carrier is the conventional anti-
aircraft battery, and in future years will include anti-aircraft
guided missile launchers.
MARINE VERTICAL AMPHIBIOUS lANDING FROM CARRIER 'I'O COMBAT ZONE
REGULUS MISSILE ABOARD SHIP
AIRBORNE ROCKET POWER: THE CUTLASS
UNCHING OF A
NUCLEAR POWERED GUIDED MISSILE CRUISER lARTIST'S CONCEPTIONl
The conversion of cruisers for the use of surface-to-air guided
missiles is well underway. In early conversions, gun mounts have
been retained forward and the missile launcher is aft. The entire
after section has been reconhgured for miSSile storage.
One of the new and radical design ships under construction
is the nuclear powered guided missile, light cruiser. This ship
is about 11,000 tons in displacement and has a length of over
600 feet. It foretells that era in which we will have guided mis-
siles aboard nuclear powered ships capable of steaming to the
farthest ends of the earth at the highest speeds. It will be able
to launch guided missiles at the heartland of any potential
enemy. These will be the First nuclear powered surface ships in
Nuclear powered guided missile submarines now under con-
struction are an improvement on the NAUTILUS and also in-
corporate design lessons learned in the USS ALBACORE at high
Such ships as these are a fundamental requirement for for-
ward strategic planning in an atomic era that requires a strong
Navy. Fast carrier forces assure our country of the continuing
ability to strike at the enemy. Naval power is the only means
of assuring logistic support to friendly forces, land, sea, and
air. Deployed Naval power is an on-the-spot deterrent and a
ready retaliatory force in the case of limited or nuclear war.
NUCLEAR POWERED GUIDED MISSILE SUBMARINE tARTIST'S CONCEPTI
A SPECIAL MESSAGE
FROM ADMIRAL BURKE
ELCOME to the United States Navy. You are starting your
service at a very interesting time in history. The future of
the Navy has never been brighter than it is today. The new
technologies of the nuclear-missile age will make the Navy of
the future a force of unprecedented power and effectiveness. You
are a part of that future.
The importance of control of the seas to the security of the
United States-and of the entire free world-has never been
greater than it is today. Without control of the seas there is very
little else the United States can do to win a war- or to defend
itself. The responsibility for this tremendous task lies with the
United States Navy.
The strength of the Navy is in the people who man it. No
matter how rapidly we introduce advanced weapons and new
scientihc and engineering developments, the Fleet can be only as
effective as the dedication, the integrity, the educated judgment
and the trained skills of the people who man it. Without you and
others like you this powerful Fleet would not be possible.
Good luck to you, and may God bless you. , . .
ADMIRAL ARLEIGH A. BURKE
Chief of Naval Operations
COMMODORE WILLIAM BAINBRIDGE U-I'vm
Surgeon fending Commodore Buinbridge on the quarterdeck of fhe
USS CONSTITUTION during the battle with HMS JAVA.
In the War of 1
rig and wounded twice durin 1
spirit and professional skill dr'e -
President isee page 4; As a foimii"
Philadelphia, he added to hi'i
Navy. In 1942 the President
in his honor.
CAPTAIN WILLIAM A. COCKELL
U. S. NAVY
Commander, Naval Training Center, Bainbridge, Maryland
APTAIN WILLIAM ARTHUR COCKELL, USN, as-
sumed duties as Commander, Naval Training Center,
Bainbridge, Maryland on 15 September 1956. Upon the ac-
ceptance of command he became the fourth Center Com-
mander since the Center's reactivation in February 1951.
A graduate of the United States Naval Academy in 1928,
he has an unlimited amount of experience in all phases of
naval life and warfare including service in airships, battle-
ships, cruisers destrovers and Heet oilers.
During World War 11, Captain Cockell was awarded Letters
of Commendation by the Secretary of the Navy for services
performed as Training Officer on the Staff of Chief of Naval
Airship Training and Experimentation and as Commanding
Officer of an Airship Squadron. As Commanding Officer of a
Destroyer he was awarded three Bronze Stai Medals for
"meritorious achievements" and Cheroic service" for particiv
pation in the battles for the Philippine Islands, Corregidor.
Okinawa and the Kyushusi At the end of the war he was
in command of Destroyer Division 108.
Prior to assuming duties as Center Commander, Captain
Cockell's assignments have included command of the USS
CALIENTE, the heavy cruiser USS TOLEDO and Com:
mander, Fleet Airship Wing ONE
In addition to the Bronze Star Medal with two Gold Stars
and the Combat WV, the Commendation Ribbon with Medal
Pendant, Captain Cockell has received the American Defense
Service Medal with Fleet Clasp; American Campaign Medal;
Asiatic-Pacihc Campaign Medal; World War 11 Victory
Medal; Navy Occupation Service Medal; National Defense
Service Medal; Korean Service Medal; United Nations Service
Medal and the Philippine Liberation Ribbon.
THE Naval Training Center at Bainbridge came into
being when the former President of the United
States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, approved the site and
purchase of land and buildings from the Jacob Tome In-
stitute in early 1942. This property, including build-
ings of the Tome School for boys, was enlarged by the
purchase of adjacent land which brought the total area
of Bainbridge to 1,132 acres. Bainbridge is located on
the northeast bank of the Susquehanna River, 35 miles
northeast of Baltimore and approximately 75 miles from
Washington and Philadelphia. This activity is under the
Continued next page
CAPTAIN WILLIAM J. CATLETT, JR.
U. S. NAVY
Commanding Officer, Recruit Training Command
CAPTAIN WILLIAM JACKSON CATLETT,
JR., U.S.N., Commanding thcer of the Re-
cruit Training Command since 21 November 1953,
was graduated from the Naval Academy in 1932.
Following a tour of duty aboard the USS COLO-
RADO he reported to the Naval Air Station, Pen-
sacola, Flofida, for Hight training. After further
sea duty, he returned to Pensacola as 3 Navigation
Instructor in both flight and ground training of
His war sewice included duty aboard the USS
PEARY; he was commended for aiding the
PEARY'S escape from a three-hour bomb and tor-
pedo attack by Japanese planes. He later served in
the ofhce of the Chief of Naval Operations and the
ofhce 0f the Director of Aviation Training. Follow-
ing staff duty at the General Line School, Newport,
R. 1., and a tour of sea duty in the USS OKA-
LOOSA, he served as Chief of Training for the
Military Air Transport Service.
Captain Catlett was the Commanding Officer of
the attack cargo ship USS DIPHDA prior to re-
porting to Bainbridge. During his career he has
served in training of pilots, navigators and flight
personnel for eight years, and the training of offi-
cers and enlisted men on board ship and ashore for
He was designated a Naval Aviation Observer
tNavigatiom in 1945 and, among other awards,
holds the Commendation Medal Pendant.
U. S- No To C. CONTINUED
military command of the Commandant, FIFTH naval
District, whose headquarters are in Norfolk, Virginia.
The Center was Erst activated on October 1, 1942,
and ten days later was in operation training recruits.
At the conclusion of hostilities on V-J Day, August 14,
1945, the Recruit Training Command had trained a
total 01 244,277 recruits. From August 1945 to June
1947 the training activities of the Center decreased due
to the eventual reduction in the strength of the Navy.
011 June 30, 1947, Bainbridge was deactivated as a
Training Center. In the summer of 1950, when the
Korean crisis made it necessary, plans were formulated
to reactivate the Center to provide men for the rapidly
expanding Heet and shore bases. On February 1, 1951,
Captain Robert Hall Smith, U.S.N., assumed command
of the Center.
The Naval Training Center, under the command of
the Center Commander, consists of four subordinate
activities, each under a Commanding Officer. These ac-
persons. A component activity of the Administrative
Command is the Dental Technicians School, the mission
of which is to provide graduated recruits and fleet per-
sonnel with the technical knowledge and training re-
quired to develop dental technicians for duty with the
Heet and shore based forces. The Recruit Training Com-
mand, the largest of the four subordinate commands, is
responsible for the administration of the Recruit Basic
Training Program the principles of which are to guide
the recruit in the transition from civilian to military
life; to introduce him to Navy life, naval customs, tradi-
tions, disciplirie and esprit de corps, and, by intensive
training and schooling, to fit him for naval service.
The facilities of the Recruit Training Command con-
sist of four large regiments, each named after naval
heroes - Rodgers, Perry, James and Barney. Each camp
is an entity in itself, - with its own drill hall, swimming
pool, rifle range, mess hall, drill field, classrooms, bar-
racks, and recreational facilities -and has the capacity
to berth, mess and train a regiment of 5,000 population.
All of the regiments are used to train regular male re-
HEADGUARTERS, RECRUI'I' TRAINING COMMAND
tivities are: The U. S. Naval Administrative Command,
the Recruit Training Command, the Service School Com-
mand, and the U. S. Naval Hospital. The Administra-
tive Command serves as the staff of the Center Com-
mander in his direction and administration of the other
subordinate commands and performs for him all the
administrative, operational, and logistic functions not
specifically assigned to other commands. These various
functions include security, fire protection, supply, dis-
bursing, commissary, Navy Exchange, personnel, and
religious administration, medical and dental care, main-
tenance and repair, transportation, communications and
other vital services essential to the efhcient and effective
operation of a community totaling approximately 35,000
cruits; one regiment camp contains special facilities for
training male recruits attached to the Recruit Prepara-
tory Training Unit and for male reserve recruits ordered
to active training duty for a period of two weeks; it also
contains the only WAVE Recruit Training School in the
Navy. This school, previously located at the U. S. Naval
Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois, was established
at Bainbridge in October of 1951.
The Service School Command, the third major ac-
tivity, provides further training for recruits and fleet
personnel in the technical knowledge of ratings required
by the operating forces, and prepares them for more ad-
vanced education and training in such special field as
gunnery, hre control, radio and other technical subjects.
Continued next page
A component activity of the Service School Command
is the United States Naval Academy Preparatory School
which, during the Fall and Winter months prepares en-
listed men from all branches of the Armed Forces for
the entrance examination to the U. S. Naval Academy
at Annapolis, Maryland. During the Summer months
this School also trains and selects enlisted men of the
Navy and Marine Corps for entrance in the following
Fall to the Naval Reserve thcers Training Corps Pro-
gram at a college or university of their own choice.
The fourth major subordinate activity is the U. S.
Naval Hospital, a separate and detached command. The
Hospital provides medical and surgical facilities for the
proper care of all recruits, students, and permanently
assigned naval personnel of the Center and their de-
pendents. Operating in conjunction with the Hospital
is the Hospital Corps School, with about 1,200 students,
whose function is to provide the technical knowledge
and training necessary to develop these young men into
Hospital Corpsmen for duty with the fleet and shore
51'. PAUL'S CHAPEL AND CENTER SALUTING BATTERY
CAMP RODGERS' SALUTING BATTERY IN ACTION 7
A CLASS IN DAMAGE CONTROL
'.GR3,!..S! . .n-m 5
. ' , 1
m 1 5" v.
INVOCATION CEREMONY AT GRADUATION REVIEW
A FLOAT IN THE ANNUAL NAVY RELIEF PARADE
PRESENTATION OF THE GEORGE WASHINGTON VALLEY FORGE FLAG TO THE WEEKLY COLOR COMPANY.
57' V GK 's -
x , .
SCENE FROM CAMP BARNEY
5 . PAUL'S CHAPEL ND CENTER CHOIR
PRESENTATION OF THE COLOR AT A GRADUATION R VIEW, RODGERS DRILL FIELD
It 2; men who mm! 771m; M76 ,rmzlegy and make 1126 deviyimzx if it man 10190 mm!
build the u'eap072 r zmrl 2126 mmtemzemmm fnr 119056 weapmzv; if i; 717671 wbn mm:
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and rah action: :9er 4501? AIL fl 1'1 271011 711017 0f 16:? licel-zvbo 1M1 10177 0M fixture
batllw 17y zmrkmg logetbcr zzitb ,rkiH and cntlmrfmm toward a common goal,
Admiral AI'Iez'gb A. Burke. USN.
Chief of wal Opcmliom
IDGE BUS COi
IN - PROCESSING
PON his arrival at the Receiving Unit, the new recruit completes
the primary paper work most necessary for the initial administra-
tion of his training. Here he is given complete medical and dental
examinations, inoculations, and a real "crew" haircut. He then receives
a full seabag of Navy uniforms and accessories, all of Which are care-
fully checked by trained personnel in order to insure a comfortable fit.
After completing a battery of aptitude and classification tests, he is
finally channeled into a newly-formed company under the command of
a Chief or First Class Petty Officer.
Each company commandeteespecially selected for his demonstrated
leadership abilities, professional qualities, and service experienceestays
With his men from the time the company is formed to the day they gradu-
ate and complete their basic training. Because of his inHuence on im-
pressionable recruits, his attitude determines the attitude of those under
him. Its a 24-h0ur-a-day job for the best petty officers the Navy can mus-
ter. To the recruits serving under him, he is a parent, guardian, and
teacheteall rolled into one.
NECESSARY DENTAL WORK IS COMPLETED
. , ...u.,v,1.4c.wa., C ::zitgagrei1433497wa
EAR EXAMINATION . . .
THE FIRST MEASUREMENT ACCURACY IS MOST IMPORTANT
.UHLL 3H" 4
BEGINNINGS OF A FULL SEABAG
WHITE BLOUSES ARE CHECKED ALLOWANCE IS MADE FOR GAIN IN WEIGH
URING the flrst day of in-ptocessing, a
Vital phase of Navy lifeethat of Classi-
ficationebegins. By means of a battery
of aptitude and other tests, followed later by per-
sonal interviews, each recruits previous training
and education, past experience, skills, aptitude,
motivation and personal interests are explored,
analyzed and considered in relation to Navy jobs.
The end result of this classification process is the
eventual assignment of a recruit upon graduation
to a general detail with further on-the-job train-
ing, or to a technical school for training in special-
ized fields. Whatever the assignment, the classifi-
cation procedure insures thatewithin the practi-
cal limits of modern personnel selection tech-
niqueseeach individual is channeled into a billet
wherein he will be able to contribute his utmost
toward the accomplishment of the Navyis mission.
FIRST CLASS PERSONNELMAN HOLDING AN INDIVIDUAL INTERVIEW
SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS TESTING
The mruy i1 07zly a; good a; it; men; mzd the navy recruit; and traim in men There-
fore recming and wmzliHment are vital concern; of all OI$CEN and men, inactive and
retired, wloo want 1:129 navy :0 have none bat the belt 072 in team.
Vite Admiral Jame; L. Holloway, Jr.
Chief of Naval Permnnel
A FOURTH REGIMENT CLASSROOM BUILDING
INSTRUCTION IN FUNDAMENTAL
HE recruit is first assisted in effecting a transition from
civilian to Navy life during his period of Indoctrination.
It is an integral part of this orientation program to instill
a sense of self-tespect and pride in achievement. During the first
week of a recruitis training he is told by his commanding officer:
"We expect you to grow physically and mentally; but also moral-
ly and spiritually. The opportunity for individual achievement,
you will find, is one of the underlying, fundamental Freedoms
of American Democracy."
To better his understanding of the government and country
he has sworn to defend, the recruit participates in practical citi-
zenship training. He is alerted to Navy Regulations and rules of
conduct; he begins his study of the Uniform Code of Military
Justice by which all personnel in the Armed Forces today are
guided and protected.
It is here that the recruit becomes acquainted with the customs,
traditions, and couttesies of the U. 8. Navy; their importance is
explained in the Commanding thcefs Welcome Aboard Talk:
"Good manners are an expression of. the golden tulPtheit ob-
servance and application are a hundred fold more necessary in
the Navy than in Civilian life."
The new recruit understands that he has barely skimmed the
surface of nautical "know how", but realizes that he is beginning
to build for himself a firm foundation upon which to base his
advancement to a station of respect as a man who has achieved
confidence in himself through belief in God and country.
WEEKLY TEST IN PROGRESS
THE COMMANDING OFF'ICER, EXECUTIVE OFFICER, DEPARTMENT HEADS, AND
COMPANY COMMANDE 8 AT THE DEPARTURE TALK
WELCOME ABOARD TALK
mm mu u.
IV UI'IOIHHH K M UHH
We are faced today with m; i1260722pzzmhle opportunity and challenge. A Mm horizon
of new development; in nuclear power, elem'onz'ej, guided miuilej, and other com-
plex new weapon; i; rapidly szoldmg. T0 maintam om 50217227le 721W!!! wpremecy,
Ihipym'dj, lahomtorz'ej, mzd other held aczie'itie; mmt haven to exploit theje hew
heldy. We are not only modernizing mz exijtmg fieezf, we are building the new 7Zd'Ujl
Rear Admiral A. G. Mumma, USN.
Chief, Bureau; of Ship!
HE usefulness of a Navy tests primarily upon
the fact that it can use its offensive and defen-
sive weapons effectively at sea. Inasmuch as most
seamen usually become members of a naval gun crew,
it is essential that a recruit in basic training gain a fun-
damental knowledge of the weapons and ammunition
he is most likely to encounter While serving at sea.
Lectures and classroom instruction are held and wide
use is made of models, mock-ups and motion pictures of
naval guns in action. Practical demonstrations and pat- TEAM WORK ON A 40MM LOADING M ACHINE
ticipation of the recruit in actual gun and loading drills
predominate. Safety precautions are strongly stressed
in every period of instruction and strictly enforced in
1 , AiNTl-AIRCRAFT GUNS ARE FULLY EXAMINED AND THE IMPORTANCE
al drills. OF PROPER TECHNIQUES IS DEMONSTRATED ON GUN MOUNTS
Each recruit is also taught the nomenclature and use
of various small arms including the Garand tM-U
riHe, carbine, Thompson submachine gun, Browning
automatic rifle, and the .45 caliber automatic pistol. In
addition, he actually fires the .22 caliber tiHe marks-
manship course on the small-bore indoor range.
EXPLANATION OF CODE MARKINGS ON PROJECTILES
There is exacting instruction and rigid observation of safety
precautions on the firing range. Practical experience is obtained
through actual flring 0f .22 caliber rifles.
STRIPPING AND CLEANING SERVICE RIFLES REPAIRING A GUARD BELT
CROSS SECTIONS OF PROJECTILES ARE CLOSELY EXAMINED
. .. y .
deitiomzlly, z't hay heen the Navy; privilege to Jhow the flag aromzd the world-in
the great port; of friendly comztrz'er and to remote OittpOSZJ 0f the 560612 5e41, Wherever
navy Jhips have dropped anchor the jtar-mezgled Jiamltzrd of hope and freedom ha;
The Honorahle Jame; H. Smith, Jr.
Former Asxz'xttmt Secretary of the Navy
s EAMANSH I P CONTINUED
matter What his technical specialty may be, every Navy man
must first be a real sailor and a competent seaman.
In recruit training, the new Navy man is taught the rudiments
of seamanship and Closely associated subjects. Here he learns "marline-
spike seamanshipllehow to select, use, knot, splice and care for lines
and ropes. He also becomes acquainted With the nomenclature of a ship
-learning the names and locations of all structural parts, the compart-
ments, and the many and varied fittings found aboard a modern naval
As part of his seamanship training, the recruit is made familiar with
common deck gear, ground tackle, mooring procedures, and the types
and uses of various small craft. He practices elementary signalling, op-
erates battle telephones, and learns the important duties and responsi-
bilities of a lookout.
Finally, participation with his shipmates in general drills on board
a mock ship not only enables him to put his newly formed skills into
practice as an individual, but also teaches him the Vital necessity of co-
ordinated group action in routine evolutions as well as in the event of
: ' ugh .
A COMPLETE FAMILIARIZATION WITH THE DEMONSTRATION 0F MAGNETIC COMPASS
INTERIOR DESIGN OF A SHIP IS REQUIRED
ENGINE ORDER TELEGRAPH INSTRUCTION IN MARLINESPIKE SEAMANSHIP
um .. ...u W
THE RECRUIT TRAINING SHIP COMMODORE
STEADY AS SHE GOES! FLAG BAG
A LINE IS VFAKED DOWN
HOW TO USE A HEAVING LINE MOORING LINES READY TO RUN OUT
HEAVE IN ON THE BOW SPRING
COIL THE EXTRA LINE ON DECK
THE UNION JACK
THIS IS A SOUND-POWERED TELEPHONE
SPEAK LOUDLY AND CLEARLY!
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Admiral Arhigb A. Burke. USN.
Chief of Nam! ' " J
THE MANY ITEMS USED
FOR FIGHTING FIRES
SOME CLASSESARE HELD
IN THE FIELD
HE Navy realizes the tremendous poten-
tial of fire, both in peace and war, and
has taken countermeasures by establish-
ing an effective fire-hghting training program
throughout the service. Accordingly, an intro-
ductory experience in actual firefighting is
given to every recruit in basic training.
First, he is taught the simple chemistry of
fire so that he will understand the nature of
the various kinds of fire. Then, he is thor-
oughly instructed in the use of each piece of
the highly specialized Navy fire fighting equip-
ment, and in the battle-tesred methods em-
ployed in combating all kinds of fire, b0th
aHoat and ashore.
After thorough indoctrination in'the equip-
ment, operating techniques, and safety pre-
cautions beetogether with his shipmates in
small groups and guided by experienced per-
sonneleactually extinguishes raging oil and
gasoline. fires in simulated shipboard corn-
pattments, various structures, and a mock air-
Included in this area of instruction-is the
presentation of the elements of gas warfare
and radiological damage control. Each recruit
is acquainted with facrual data concerning the
major effects of an atomic explosion and is
shown how potential damage to personnel can
be greatly reduced by planned action.
PRELIMINARY CONNECTIONS TRYING OUT THE NAVY ALL-PURPOSE NOZZLE
SUBDUING A BLAZING
WILD HOSE DEMONSTRATION, A LESSON
IN SAFETY PRECAUTION
MOCK-PLANE FIRE EFFICIENTLY SMOTHERED BY FOAM
CAREFULLY CLEANING A GAS MASK
A VERY R AL TEST
IT WORKS! 1 '
" " LAST MINUTE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE FIELD
ON BOARD SHIP, LIVES ARE SAVED
Pint and foremoxt, you have in am atmed force; the hnejt navy in the world. Ship
for Jhip, plmze for plane, gun for gun tmd man for man, thete 1'; 7w equal in quality
the world over. The fleet i; what the American people, through their elected repreyen-
tative, want it to he. It i; a fitze fleetea modem fleet, edger to take 072 my msigned tmh.
Admiral Jemttlt Wright, U.S.N.
Commander-m-Chz'ef, Atlantic Fleet
and Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic
SOUND mind in a sound body is one of the basic
aims of recruit training. A Navy man must be
physically fit to Withstand the rigors of a sea-
going life; he must be a qualified swimmer who can safe-
ly leave a sinking ship and live to fight again; and he
must have developed, through athletic competition, a sense
of fair play, a team spirit, and a fighting heart.
Integrated into the recruit curriculum and considered
of equal importance ,With academic work, the physical
training program has, as its main objectives: the devel-
opment of good posture, muscular coordination, strength,
ability and endurance in recruits. These objectives are
met through many physical activities including calis-
thenics, confidence course, boxing, wrestling and other
combative sports, swimming and sea survival and first aid.-
All of a recruitis physical training is not regimented.
The Navy recognizes the value of recreational athletics.
In addition to his participation in the competitive com-
pany, battalion, regimental, and brigade scheduled sports
activities, the recruit is encouraged to engage voluntarily
in spontaneous games of an athletic nature in his free
time; and adequate facilities and competent supervisors
are provided for his convenience and enjoyment while
exercising at play in his own area.
THE STANDARD U. S. NAVY LIFE JACKET
. bu. 'I 'L If; :
FLOTATION DEVICES ARE USED TO ASSIST IN OVERCOMING
FEAR OF WATER
ADVANCED SWIMMERS QUALIFY FOR COMPETITION
b , vg 'u...
Stamina and agility are re-
quired to successfully complete
the confidence course. Many of
the obstacles are designed With
the structure of a ship in mind
to prepare recruits for life
FUNDAMENTALS IN FIRST AID FORM A NATURAL PART OF TRAINING
133333333423, , , 3 3
The USS FORRESTAL i; more than a delerent agaimt nuclear war. Thij Jhixp Jymholizej
0m comztry"; delermhmlimz to defend the free world by dimomnging in the planning
Itage, mzy effort to achieve ultimate L'iclory hy piecemeal aggrenimz. . . , If 0M way
of life 2'; 10 mrvive, we mm; maintain theJe two alternate military poytm'ejx The hut
2'; to 77141772121272 4 powerfzzl mzd relatively 2'7zzrztl7zemhle repriml force which will .cz'g7zal
a potential enemy 10 5110p, look, and lijten before he 77th an 4117021; atomic war. The
Jecomi 2'; to injure thaz we Ollrjelzrej will not he fmced to change the chamcter of a
limited war became of fear of Itltimate defeat in d Jerie; of them.
The Honorahle Jame; H. Smith, Jr.
Former Anz'mml Secretary of the Navy
ILITARY drill, as well as physi-
cal drill With arms, plays an im-
portant part in bringing a re-
cruifs mind and body up to that high
standard of mental and physical stamina
demanded by naval duties-afioat 0r
ashoreein times of peace or of war.
Physically, a recruit develops military
bearing, berHch. abiiitv and endurance
through individual muscular coordination
necessitated by the Vigorous activities com-
prising military drill. Mentally, he learns
the real meaning of seIf-discipline, devel-
ops a keen respect for leadership, and
forms healthy and lasting habits of in-
stantaneous reponse to commands from
those in authority.
Through the medium of competitive
military drill, inspections and reviews,the
recruit soon develops a real understanding
of the importance of team work and a
realization of his responsibilities to him-
self, his shipmates, and his unit. And he
learns that any unit which is imbued with
an indomitable uesprit de corps" is invari-
ably a winner.
VALLEY FORGE FLAG
THE GEORGE WASHINGTON VALLEY
FORGE FLAG i; a teplt'm 0f the permmzl flag
of General George Waiht'ngton a; Commander-
In-Chz'ef 0f the Cotttt'nental Army and wax
flown before hi; tent timing the winter at
Valley Forge and throughout the conflictj 0f
the American Revolution.
Compoxed 0f ,thixrteen Jix pointed Item, 41'-
mngett 012 4 held of blue to follow the line;
of the crane; of St. George and St. Andrew,
the emhlem of England, thi: famom old Itemi-
Md it mid to he the Joztrce 0f the mm in our
It i; pretented each week to the graduating
company mnhing higheyt in all phage; of com-
petition throughout it; entire period 0 f training.
DRESS RIGHT, DRESS
PHYSICAL DRILL WITH ARMS-THE FORWARD LUNGE
DRILLVOFFICER ABOUT TO MAKE AN INSPECTION PRESENT ARMS
SEMAPHORE DRILL BATTALION COMMANDERS INSPECTION
POSITION OF READY DIAGONAL LUNGE
WEEKLY feature of Recruit Training is the Gradu-
ation Review each Saturday on Rodgers Parade Field.
Here, in traditional military pomp and ceremony, the
graduating recruits take their departure from the first phase of
their naval careers.
Prior to the actual commencement, the Command Drill Of-
ficer explains the review in an address to visiting relatives and
The review is conducted by recruits without assistance from
Battalion or Company Commanders. It begins with the ten-
dition of honors to the Reviewing Officer, generally a senior
officer from this command or from another branch of the
Armed Services, and includes mass military drill, special per-
formances by the Band, Drum and Bugle Corps, and both
Wave and Male Drill teams.
MILITARY HONORS RENDERED TO A REVIEWING OFFICER
DRUM AND BUGLE CORPS PRESENTS
MARCHING ON THE COLORS PASSING IN REVIEW
MASSING OF THE FLAGS PRECISION PERSONIFIED THE DRILL TEAM
. 3 k -
AMERICAN SPIRIT HONOR MEDAL PRESENTATION
HE American Spirit Honor Medal is a medallion offered
and provided by the Citizens Committee for the Army,
Navy and Air Force, Inc., of New York, N . Y. The Ameri-
can Spirit Honor Medal has been accepted by the Department
of Defense for use as an award to enlisted personnel who, while
undergoing basic training, display outstanding qualities of leader-
ship best expressing the American SpiriteHonor, Initiative, Loy-
alty, and High Example t0 Comrades in Arms. This medallion
has also been accepted by the Department of Defense for the pro-
motion of closer ties between the Armed Services and the Civil
Communities of the continental United States in which the
Armed Services establishments are located.
REAR ADMIRAL JOHN M. HOSKINS, AMERICAN
SPIRIT OF HONOR MEDAL PRESENTATION
REVIEWING OFFICER PRESENTS AMERICAN SPIRIT HONOR MEDAL AND
HONOR MAN CERTIFICATES
SHIP,5 WORK TRAINING
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u ll take all tlJe ingenuity all tbe 617017, all tlJe Jkill Ilmt we am 712115167" . . . 010' may
lad; alwzzy; adapted tlJe may! powerful zzreapom 0f llac lime to leipboarrrl me. TlJ'iJ
appliej 72010. It will apply to flw 122lJJile em algead.
Admiral Arlez'gly A. Bmlee, U.S.N.
Claz'ef of Naval Operations
NE phase of each recruitis basic training is devoted
to practical experience in the routine chores of mess-
cooking, housekeeping, and general maintenance
under the careful supervision of well trained and experienced
petty officers. During his service training period the recruit
learns iiby doing" how to perform his share of the routine
tasks that maintain the fighting readiness of personnel and
equipment, and make a ship or station a healthy, happy place
in which to live.
Mess-cook details put into practice the principles of proper
food handling; cleaning details exercise sanitation tech-
niques which have been taught in classes conducted by
specialists of the Hospital and Medical Service Corps. Crews
of recruits assigned to Masters-at-Arms perform a variety
of stevedoring, maintenance and cleaning jobs, all of which
are duplicated on board any ship or station of the Naval
.!. BARRACKS LIFE
.1. - May,-
lei; page 17; dedicated to tbe tbozzmnd: of mother; who bzz'zxe baked cake; and pier
and Jemf them to Meir 50m. 172 Ike mwy there i; nothing like a package from home.
CLOTHES ARE WASHED EVERY DAY
LARGE percentage of a recruitis time is spent in and around his bar-
racks. Here the man is first taught, together With his shipmates, how
to live in a limited amount of space in a harmonious and yet comfort-
able manner. Here, also, is stressed the importance of Cleanliness of personnel
and barracks, and the necessity for good personal conduct and considerate man-
ners; all of which are most essential in promoting the morale, dignity, integ-
rity and physical well-being of men serving together under the rigorous con-
ditions of naval life.
In his barracks the new Navy man is instructed in the purpose and impor-
tance of watch standing, and is impressed with the necessity for being con-
stantly alert While performing his responsible duties as a sentry.
Daily inspections of recruits and of the barracks area are made to insure
that the high standards of cleanliness and conduct are being properly met. The
recruit soon learns how to wash and care for his many articles of clothing and
personal gear, and how to stow them properly in a seabag or a shipboard-type
It is in his barracks, too, that the recruit learns much about Navy life from
his company commander; it is here that he does much of his out-of-class
studying. Receiving mail, writing letters, engaging in conversation and other
fraternal activities are important highlights of his barracks life.
RECRUIT EDUCATIONAL PETTY
OFFICER HOLDING AN ALL-IMPORTANT
REVIEW OF CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION
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TIM Hmzrmzble Robert B. Alizlc'rsm'z
Former Secretary 0f the Navy
HE Navy recognizes that every means must be exer-
l cised to strengthen the moral, spiritual and religious
lives of naval personnel. All commanding officers are
directed to insure that all personnel are reached by group
instruction and by personal interview on all matters that
promote the realization and development of these values
consistent with religious beliefs of the individual con-
In order to insure that the opportunity of continuing
the religious practices and tradition of his home life is
present, chaplains 0f the major faiths and denominations
are assigned to each regiment of recruits in training. Vol-
untary classes of religious instruction are held regularly at
times when all personnel are free to attend.
Closely allied to the religious program is the character
and moral guidance series of lectures presented by the
chaplains. These men, with years of experience in the naval
service, both afloat and ashore, are particularly well quali-
fled for this most important task. In a course of lectures,
the recruit is acquainted with the many and perplexing
problems which will confront him during his Navy career;
and is shown the tight and wrong solutions to each.
Thus, with his ideals and conviCtions Strengthened and
bolstered by a Strong religious and moral foundation, the
new Navy man is better prepared to serve his God and
his Country with distinction, honor, loyalty and devotion
-not only as a sailor, but also as a citizen.
ROMAN CATHOLIC SERVICES
CENTER CHAPEL, ST. P'AULlS
.....-. ..... '
JEWISH SERVICES PROTESTANT SERVICESN
ROMAN CATHOLIC AND PROTESTANT SERVICES
ARE HELD IN REGIMENTAL DRILL HALLS
CHARACTER GUIDANCE CLASS
VT. u u o I
The dczxelopmwzt of din.
'sz tmd sz'uiZuI bu; romnbnlezz' 6120177me to 16sz pawer'br
iizcrccumg szortgmcewmzzdear are Iflzcrwxiizg m iwzportmzue a; mmm make zbe 173F011;-
tiomzl tmmizimz from. oil 10 Imclem' energy, from TNT to nuclear warheads,
ventional projettile; 10 guided and buzle'm'c mini! , from, 5 le710721 1 20 Izzperymzic zzirm'zzfl
7242,'1'65 are more importmzz to 0m J'mz'l'zw! a; free nalimz; tlaam zbey have ever been
Admzml Arlez'gb A. Burke, USN.
Cbief 0f Nam! Opemliom
O maintain peak efficiency throughout his period of basic train-
. ing, each recruit musr have a proportionate amount of work,
sleep, and play. Recreation, therefore, becomes a vital part of his
training. A staff of experienced officers and chief petty ofhcets, to-
gether with civilian librarians and recreation directors, works constant-
ly to provide relaxation, amusement and entertainment for the recruit
during his off-duty hours.
Perhaps the mOSt popular type of recreation afforded the recruit is
the recruit dance held each month in a regimental drill hall. Senior
companies of recruits play host to the recruit WAVES and t0 USO
junior hostesses from adjacent communities. USO chaperones, duty
officers and officers and their Wives attached to the command are pres-
ent to help everyone enjoy the affair. A recruit dance orchestra pro-
vides the music; free refreshments are available to all thtOughOut
A recreation building in each regimental area provides many facili-
ties for relaxation. Here the recruit may bowl, play ping-pong, bil-
liards, pool and other games, enjoy television and radio or listen to a
variety of records. An attended library of books and current maga-
zines and a comfortable reading room, are available to him. In addition,
a Navy Exchange store, snack bar and soda fountain are open for his
At frequent intervals, variety shows, name bands and USO shows
visit the command to entertain the recruits; each Saturday and
Sunday evening the latest movies are shown in the regimental drill
halls. For the hobbyist there is a well equipped hobby shop where the
interested recruit may work in leather, metals, wood, plastics 01' model
Best of all, perhaps, are those visiting days when the recruit may
entertain his family and friends at the Recreation Center; or, in the
summer, enjoy eating an outdoor lunch with them in the picnic area.
. 3,.,,1441 ...,,,.
+ Ezraxftewiwfywr .
IRECIT WIRE H
'ESTERN ,? ;f
18 October 1957
R. T. Adamson, FPC
J. P. Mason, BMC
L. G. Aker, m
D. c. Anderson'
s. R. Anthony
wsmam F. Boron
Robert A. Baybr
Peter J. Beckley
Dwight F. Belisle
1.. E. Binner f ,
J. A. Blauner
J. W. Bochancow
William 8. Bruce I
T. J. Burgess, Jrf
John W. Carmen
Ralph S. Corr
M. Coserto, Jr.
H. B. Chambers, H!
D. F. Clipperly
Harold G. Clouser
Robert L. Cromer;L
Robert A. Daniels
Roger R . DarH
James W. Dash ,?
Richard C. Day
R. L. Dickerson
M. A. Disidoro
Lorry G. Earhor? ?
R. H. Earnshow, Jr.
J. H. Eichohzer
William R. Foes
L. E. Figueredo
Richard L. France
P. A. Gallagher
Kennem L. Ginder
L. A. Hardwick
William v. Harris
James B. HoydenGV
David M. Haynes
R. w. Hecrwagen
G. M. Infrovo io
Qaww , ,
R. E. Johnson
R. L. Jones, Jr.
Floyd A. Jordon
Richard A. Joslin
L. T. Kessler
v , ,
G. A. Koenemund F
R. J. LaSUfis
R. E. Lynch. Jr.
C. E. Marek
J. A. Merino, Jr.
5. B. McCrcw, Jr.
Richard E. Miller
Ronnie 8. Mills
Roland G. Niles
D. P. O'Connor
D. M. Oglesby
J. E. omeere f
M. J. O'Kcefe
J R. Polinsky
Charles H. Reed
Robert F. RciHy
R. G. Reustle
T. E. Rickrode
J. S. Rudzinski
Carl A. Sosso
H. T. Schienker,
John w. Shearer
R. H. smnh, Jr.
thap J. Saucy
w. R. Sourwine
R. L. Sfickle
R. J. Sfowell
H. J. Thurmond
G. P. VcHely
Dennis M. Vosile
Monin Vetere f
Robert M, Walker
James P. Waters
Everett W. Way
Theod ore Whitman
E. C. Workman
Alber' J Yorina
J. E Young, Jr.
. P. C lament
E. P. DeLoria
D. D. Kitchen
. V . . , P.Esposit0, Jr.
W??? I . . .
. , . . A . P. 0. Lucas
A. C. Edmonson
James B. Hayden, SR,
Winner of American Spirit Honor Medal
Robin? L. Cromer, 5P, Company Honormnn
GUIDED MISSILEMAN HES
FIRE CONTROL TECHNICIAN WU
AVIATION GUIDED MISSILEMAN KEN
AVIATION FIRE CONTROL TECHNICIAN UAG
AVIATION ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN AU
AVIATION STRUCTURAL MECHANIC UKM
AVIATION ELECTRICIAN'S MATE AH
AVIATION BOATSWAIN'S MATE Am
AVIATION ELECTRONICSMAN AU
AVIATION ORDNANCEMAN AO
AEROGRAPHER'S MATE AG
AIR CONTROLMAN AO
AVIATION STOREKEEPER AK
AVIATION MACHINIST'S MATE AlM
PARACHUTE RIGGER U'IU
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN GU
TORPEDOMAN'S MATE UM
THE NAVY AS A CAREER
BOATSWAIN'S MATE BM
GUNNER'S MATE GM
ELECTRICIAN'S MATE tEM
INTERIOR COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRICIAN HG
CONSTRUCTION ELECTRICIAN EH
MACHINIST'S MATE' MM
MACHINERY REPAIRMAN mm
DAMAGE CONTROLMAN DO
PIPE FITTER UH
DENTAL TECHNICIAN DU
MACHINE ACCOUNTANT MA
JOURNALIST UCM '
COMMUNICATION TECHNICIAN MU
PHOTOGRAPHER'S MATE tPH
DISBURSING CLERK DK
SHIP'S SERVICEMAN GH
HOSPITAL CORPSMAN HM
NUCLEAR WEAPONSMAN NW
,. w 6
-A'iae; v.2 .,,J "date. ;. Mei: -4 7. .4
OST enlisted personnel enter the naval
service as Seaman Recruits. After their
initial training, the varied aspects of which are
pictured in this book, they are qualified to take
advantage of many tangible career opportunities
presented by the Navy Rating System.
The term iirating" applies to groups of Navy
occupational duties which require essentially the
same aptitudes, training, experience, skills, and
physical and mental abilities. Within the rating
there are iirates" which indicate a mans pay grade
and his level of experience, knowledge, and re-
sponsibility. The general principles of the rating
system evolved during the Navyis 150-0dd years
of existence; the details of its structure were
worked out by officers, enlisted men, and civilians
experienced in personnel management. In itself
it contributes much to morale by providing a real
incentive for the enlisted men through its rec-
ognition of distinct occupations and in its pro-
gram for steady advancement.
A11 Seaman Recruits 6SRy who are graduated
from recruit training are automatically advanced
to Seaman Apprentice 6SAy. Aboard a ship or
station, the apprentice receives additional train-
ing in general seamanship and related work and,
after six months, become eligible for promotion
to Seaman 6SNy. By this time he has become
interested in the duties performed by personnel
in a specialty rating and from then on he is
promoted in a particular rating such as are seen
on these pages. Having received promotions
through third, second, and iirst class petty oiiicer,
a man becomes eligible for advancement to chief
petty officer, the highest enlisted rate of his occu-
pational line of work. From there, career steps
in all ratings lead to one of twelve warrant officer
billets or to a commission as an officer in a limited
Promotion and pay are subjects close to the
heart of every Navy man and the objectives of
this system for advancement can be stated very
simply: to provide qualified personnel in each
The Navy uses large numbers of meters and gauges, watches, clocks,
typewriters, adding machines, etc. To maintain these many and
varied machines in good working order, lnstrumentmen UMt of great
skill are required.
Modern Navy aircraft have increased the range of naval weapons
from a few miles to hundreds of miles. They carry guns, bombs,
torpedoes, and rockets to attack the enemy on the sea, under the
sea, in the air, and on the land. The specialists responsible for the
perfect working order of all armament on Navy planes are the
Aviation Ordnancemen moi.
The safety of ships at sea depends to a great extent on skillful
navigation; on the vigilance with which lookouts are maintained;
and on the proficiency with which signals are exchanged with other
ships and with the shore. The Signalman iSMi, above and below,
performs or assists in the performance of these duties.
rate in accordance with the needs of the service;
to give the individual incentive to improve his
performance; and, to build morale.
Basic to the system of advancement are the
needs of the service. A properly balanced crew
consisting of the multitude of ratings necessary to
man a fighting ship can only be effective if each
man holding a rate can do the job expected.
Next in importance is the spark of incentive
which is needed in training, discipline, and ca-
reer planning. Promotions are controlled so that
they offer a reward to the man who successfully
prepares himself for the next higher rate, and
who is willing and able to accept responsibility.
The third major objective is the building of
morale. Every conscientious man must be made
to feel that eventual advancement is open to
him at a speed commensurate with his ability
Reflur is used esftensively-in navigsation and maneuvering, in recog- and demonstrated perfornlance.
:zi.:'::';::::'::s'1:32.21?'::::;s:::s:.;'.::;":? 5?: R222: Eligibility standards provide control of the
man tRDl is to operate this equipment and to interpret the infor- quality Of personnel advanced and it is these
mam" 'ecema from "' standards which present an equal opportunity for
each man to best take advantage of his position e
besides the vocational training in the schools and
on-the-job, there are numerous training manuals
published by the Navy for all the ratings and all
personnel are urged to study these manuals in
order to prepare themselves for early advance-
Furthermore, there are opportunities in the
Navy to complete a perhaps interrupted civilian
education, begin or further college training or
obtain a working knowledge of other vocations.
Any of these aims can be realized through the
Advanced Schools Program, college tuition aid
program, and hundreds of courses available to
every Navy man through the United States Armed
Forces Institute, college correspondence courses,
General Educational Development tests, and Class-
, ,s room work.
,5, V . These pages give only a glimpse of the variety
Much of the credit for the good health of Navy personnel is due to and types Of career vocations thiCh the. NaVY
the Iwork of the Hospital Corpsmen tHMl'. They are the Navy's phur- offers to those who are VVlllll'lg t0 TCCOganC and
macusts, medlcul technlcmns, and first and men. . .
take advantage of the opportumties.
The engineering main control station in the engine room is the pulse . . . . .
center of a shipls engineering plant. Carefully trained and experi- Naval uctlvmes Inn peace and wur'are carefully recorded VISIEGHY
enced Machinist's Mates lMMl are assigned duties at the control by means of motlon pictures and still photographs taken by skllled
station. Photographer's Mates tPHl.
Aviaiion Boatswain's Mates iABi handle aircraft on carriers, tenders,
ramps, and in anchorages, hangars, and parking areas. They oper-
ate catapults, arresting gear, and maintain fuel and oil transfer
systems. It is their responsibility to handle planes prior to take-of?
and after landing.
On Navy ships and stations, where so much is constructed of metal,
there is constant need for repair of such things as ships' hulls,
fit 'ngs, and machinery. This continuous need is met by skilled tech-
nicians called Metalsmifhs iMEL
Since the propelling agent of our large naval ships is steam, ef-
ficient operation, maintenance and repair of boilers and relaied
machinery are essential for effective power. The Boilermen TBU
transfer, fest, and take invenfories of fuel and wafer besides serving
as members of damage control or repair parties.
The iniernel-combustion engine, either diesel or gasoline, plays a
tremendously important role in powering The ships and small craft
of fhe Navy. These engines must be properly maintained, repaired,
and operated. The most important work of the Navy Enaineman
GM centers around fhese iobs.
Navy ship equipped with various guns have long been protectors
ugainsi enemy aggressors. Navy's Gunner's Mates iGMi operate,
maintain, and repair all gunnery equipment, as well as handle am-
munition used on Navy ships.
IFE at sea, assignment to ships and squadrons, HVVhere do we go from
here?" are natural thoughts and questions in the minds of ex-recruits.
Their lives will be enriched by exposure to other cultures and peoples, for
the sun never sets on the ships of the U. S. Navy. From the Arctic to the
Antarctic, from Marseille to Sydnem in all oceans and seas, in all types of
ships both large and small, the missions of the Navy are being performed.
On these pages we have shown a few typical pictures of the ships of our
Navy performing their assigned duties. Some of the ships are assigned to
oversea Heets on a rotation basis-those assigned to the Sixth Fleet cOver
the Mediterranean Sea, others of the Seventh steam through the XVestern
Pacihc, while still other ships on independent duty such as ice breakers, hy-
drographic survey ships and net tenders cruise to isolated ports which seldom
see a ship. All types of Combatant vessels may be included on good-will tours
to such diverse and interesting countries as Australia, Brazil, Pakistan and
Denmark. It would be very difficult, indeed, for a sailor not to see the world.
A FAMILIAR SIGHT TO THOSE SIGHTSEEINGIN LISBON,
WHO SPENT LIBERTY IN JAPAN PORTUGAL
SCENE OF PEARL HARBOR FROM ATTACK TRANSPORT
THE CARRIER USS MIDWAY IN ON LIBERTY WHILE STATIONED
THE FIRTH OF CLYDE, NEAR TANGIERS
NAVY MEN ON LEAVE IN RANGOON, BURMA
, ! Qt .' t
'. . :g 2; v?n-
' 2 AM:
. .I, .
:15: ' l. NI? -
2 tr 1
hh . F A
OPERATION AND SQUADRON ACTIVITIES
AT TANAPES, SAIPAN
T this time, the chances for hemming 1: tom-
missioned other have never been better. The
traditional path is through the Naval Academy; how-
ever, in addition there are now several programs in
which enlisted personnel may prepare themselves for
commissioned status. It is not necessary that appli-
czmts have college training to meet the requirements
of some of the programs zmd there are certain cases
where even men without high school diplomas may
Of the programs and schools offered, the Naval
Academy, the Naval Reserve thcers Training Corps,
the Naval Aviation Cadet program, the Officer Can-
didate School and the Aviation OHicer Candidate
program are open at the present time.
The U. St Navy and the U. S. Marine Corps Obtain
most Ofltheir career officers from two sources, the
Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, and the
Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps units which are
established in many of the leading colleges and uni-
versities throughout the United States. The U. S.
Naval Academy provides four years of college train-
ing leading to a commission in the Regular Navy or
Marine Corps. Admission is gained by competitive
examination among enlisted personnel in the naval
service or by Presidential or Congressional appoint-
V , ment. Those who successfully pass the examination
rucure midshipmen swaying m the Naval Academy Preparatory school are transierreti to the Naval Academy Preparfttery
at Bainbridge. School whlch IS located at the U. S. Naval Training
Center, Bainbridge, Maryland. It is the purpose of
this school to prepare the applicant for the competi-
i imWLuk bi i ' i vessels. These Midshipmen are aboard one of the many de-
': stroyers assigned for Midshipmen training purposes.
NROTC students receive summer training cruises aboard naval
Student Pilots at the U. S. Naval Air Siuiion, Whiting Field, Pensa-
Midshipmen ready for Inspection at Seu-ubourd U.S.S. N. K. PERRY
DDR 883, of? Guantanamo, Cuba.
tive examinations lending to selection for the Naval
Students enrolled in the NROTC pursue the nor-
mal college curriculum of the institution in which
enrolled. In addition they study certain naval science
subjects and participate in drills and cruises which
qualify them for appointment as officers upon grad-
uation. For those who possess an interest in becoming
career officers of the regular Navy through the
NROTC program, the Navy offers financial assistance
throughout the four years of the college program.
The Naval Aviation Cadet and Aviation Officer
Candidate programs are offered for those who meet
the rigorous requirements necessary for pilots. After
selection for either program, the student pilot spends
sixteen months in preefiight training. The Cadet re-
ceives his commission after graduation, however, the
AOC undergoes training as an officer.
The purpose of the Officer Candidate Program is
to provide a ready and adequate reserve of qualified
junior officers. It is an active duty program available
to enlisted personnel in the naval service. The OHicer
Candidate School is located at Newport, R. I. Men
in the regular Navy meeting the requirements are
eligible to compete in an examination for entrance
into this program. At the end of four months of in-
tensive training in naval subjects, the graduates are
commissioned Ensigns, U. S. Naval Reserve, in either
the Line 0r Staff Corps. After serving on active duty,
they are eligible for transfer to the Regular Navy.
Midshipmen in their summer cruises generally visit the European countries' principal
seaports. Scenes as his in North Zeulund, Denmark, are typical liberty ports.
U. S. Naval omcer candidates in nuviga- Navy Enlisted Students, operating radio
tion class, U. S. Naval Officer Candidate set at Purdue University. t'l'he Navy's
School, Newport, R. l. newest college educational progrumJ
Midshipmen marching at the U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md.
1- - ' .. ,.
-7. . I
- a .V . . .-.-..-.....h.v. ' a
S. . ..
TYPICAL CAREER MEN of the U. S. NAVY
lieutenant Commander Charles M. Younger, Jr., U. 5. Navy, was born or
july 21. 1913, in V'Voodlawn, Maryland. was enlisted in the Navy February
21. 1933.1111dreteixed hisretruit training at the U. S. Naval Station, Norlolk
Virginia. His first duty station alter tompleting his initial introduttion to the
Navy was the destroyer. USS BAINBRIDGE. He served in the USS BAIN
BRIDGE as a Fireman Third Class until .Iuly ol W34 when he was trans
lerred to New London. Connettitut to reteive training in submarines. Ht
qualified and was sent to the submarine 5-30 in Whith he served until he was
discharged from the NaVy in February I030. Alter a few days he reenlistee
and was. again, sent to New London for duty in submarines. He served ii
the submarines SPEARFISH and DACE, WhiCh played active and aggres
sive roles in World War lIi
Lieutenant Commander Younger was tited tor bravery many times durink
his colorful career as a suhmariner. One citation reads. in part: uIn the fact
of unusual hardships and danger in the presence of the enemy you discharget
your duties with bravery in a manner mnlorming with the highest tradition:
of the Naval Service."
He was appointed a Chielk Mathinist's Mate in May 1942, and in July 194K.
he was commissioned an Ensign. Since that time his duty assignments include
Adak. Alaska. USS NEREUS. Submarine Base, Pearl Harbor. USS BESUGO
USS STERLET, and the Reeruit Training Command, Bainbridge. Maryland
Lieutenant Commander Younger is entitled to wear the Bronze Star, Com
mendation Ribbon, Navy Unit Citation, Good Conduct Medal, Ameriear
Defense Service Medal, American Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaigr
Medal. World Mlar II Victory Medal, Philippine Defense Ribbon, Philippim
Liberation Ribbon, and the National Defense Service. He is also authorizec
to wear the Submarine Combat Patrol Pin, and has earned twelve engage
George L. Defre, Chief Boilerman, U. 5. Navy, completed recruit
training at the Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois, in De-
cember 1939. During World War II he served aboard the heavy cruiser
USS HOUSTON. His ship was lost in an engagement in Sunda Straits
on 1 March 1942 and Detre was taken prisoner by the Japanese on
the Island of Java. He spent the next forty-two months 1n prison
camps in Burma and Japan. Returning to the United States in Octo-
ber 1945 he was stationed at the U.S. Naval Training Center, Great
Detre was promoted to Warrant Officer status and transferred to
the Amphibious Force at Little Creek, Virginia. Reverting to Chief
Petty Officer in 1947 he attended Salvage School, in Bayonne, New
Jersey. He then served aboard the USS TANNER and the USS DIO-
Chief Detre wears the Good Conduct Medal, Philippine Defense
Ribbon, Asiatie-Pacihc Campaign Medal, Navy Unit Citation with
Star, Army Unit Citation. American Defense Service Medal, World
iVar II Victory Medal, and the National Defense Serviee Medal.
Harold Lloyd Parman, boatswuin's mate first class, U. 5. Navy
was born in 1925, in Corbin, Kentucky. He underwent i'ettrtiit trainiit
at Great Lakes, Illinois, after enlisting in the Navy on 10 April 1913
During XVorld War II Parman spent two years in the North Atlailti
011 eonvoy duty in Merehant Ships as an armed guard for the ship. H
also spent one year in the Padhe aboard Minesweepers. Parman wa.
a crew member oi the USS REVENGE, which ship had the distinctiot
01' heing the first U. 5. Navy vessel to enter Tokyo after the hostilitie
with japan teased, having enterd Tokyo Bay on 27 August 19-15, sit
days prior to the signing of the peace treaty aboard the USS MIS
Parman was assigned to Minesweepers again during the Korean iVar
participating in Clearing both Korean toasts of mines.
He is entitled to wear the Ameriean Campaign Medal, European
Aliit'ian-NIiildle Eastern Campaign Medal, Asiaticlhuiht Campaigi
Medal, Vietory Medal XVorld XVar ll, Good Comhut Medal, Nav
Outipation Servit'e Medal, National Deiiense Service Medal, Chini
SeH'iie Medal, Korean Service Medal, United Nations Seniee Medal
am! the Reptlhlie oi Korea Presidential ITnit Citation.
Scenes from Susquehanna Holiday, Buinbridge's own historical musical com-
edy. mbovd New Chapel Dedication scene. melow The Old Canal Inn scene.
Easter Sunrise Services are held in the Center Amphitheatre euth year.
Company Competitive Flags and Pennants are Earned by Outscunding Companies
n, , M7,, . . , v , .
I 34:4 A. . - $MV O'MT
, 2'" A
5 Is . , ,: Xx
iw'a; ?, , . $14 4';
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