US Naval Training Center - Compass Yearbook (Bainbridge, MD)

 - Class of 1957

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US Naval Training Center - Compass Yearbook (Bainbridge, MD) online yearbook collection, 1957 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 112 of the 1957 volume:

q.- -1H.1Vac-rw.. .7: gJ'CQ .' N 1W1111 hm, '1 Jil "God and Coun+ry" - AH heads are bowed and +he church flags dipped as a Navy Chaplain delivers H19 invocaHon which commences fhe Graduafion Review. Commanding Officer, Recruii Train- award. The Wave in +he foreground awaits a similar presenfafion which was earned by an oufsianding performance of dufy while undergoing iraining. The Reviewing Officer, Hanked by ?he . . Eng Command congra'rulafes an honor recr'uHr upon fhe recelpf M hlS m: DESTROYER uss WATTS AND THE CARRIER uss PHILIPPINE SEA TBEING REPLENISHED BY A TANKER, THE uss PLATTE "Change has mme suddenly in the Navy and it? impart has been mm rentratml in a very brief period. The result is :1 new Navy made up of new weapon systems. . . . The FORRESTAI. um! SARA TOGA, mobile air bases equal to many concrete runww . The hear! of lhc must wer- salz'le and patenl striking power in the world. . . . The BO TON 11nd CANBERRA. missile T'I'uismzs: thy GYATT. missile dgwtmyer-lhe toughest anti-airrmfl platforms mwr designed. , . . The A YAUTILUS. whirh when armed with guided m' ImllistiK n .. F. with mngw. speed, .yhz'ngth, endurann' and mrnzezuVerabih'ly, will gfm' us a wmpmz 5 5- tem whirh apprmmhes the ullimale us a wmpon of drlmmuw 0r of retaliation." Thonmx .S. 071wa. IL, .eriury of 11m Xur'lx' CopyrighI 1957 Alben Love Enterprises ,. V;$ n... - -H4..u. W.hwyg 4 .......;A.,.V . THE NI'I'ED STATES CONSTITUTION AND HMSV .IAVA q December 29, 1812 uTo the Senate and House of Representatives. AI lay before Congress a letter with accompany- irom Commodore Bainbridge, i ' VResolved by the Senate and House of Represen- g his captur e tatives of the United States of America in Cone a. The circumstances of g mbled, hat the President oi the United the issue of this combat afford another instance a is hereby, requested to p of the professional skill and heroic spirit which i i ' ' preva of b0 b ommodore Bai and crew command the highest prais ing the second instance in which the condition I 0 the 0f the captured ship, by rendering it impossible 'g d b 0 of the gal- to get her into port, has barred a contemplated i d vices of Captain reward for successful valour, I recommend to the ' i ' , hi d crew, in the consideration of Congress, the equity and pro- p h irigate java, after a success- priety of a general provision allowing m such C3565! both P35 : a fair proportion Oi H. Clay, Speaker of the House of Representatives the value whim e to the captors on W. H. Crawiord, Pres. of the Senate, Pro, Tem. the safe arrival and sale of the prize." March 3, 1813 James Madison Approved: James Madison N Av A L H E R I TAG E J OHN PAUL JONES set the pattern for aggressive, resolute fighting which has always been the ideal of the U. S. Navy. The heritage of our modern Navy is a vast montage of individual maritime achievements. Whether the ship be wooden, sail, armored, or atom powered, the indomitable spirit of fighting, sea faring, American men have made our country the bastion of the free world today. To John Paul Jones went the honor of first hoist- ing the Stars and Stripes over an American man-of- war, the USS RANGER, of receiving the first na- tional salute in Quiberon Bay on February 14, 1778, from France. In command of the BONHOMME RICHARD he defeated and captured the SERAPIS off Flamborough Head, giving our Navy its famous fighting words upon an invitation to surrender, "I have not yet begun to tight." With such inspiration thousands of American sailors have followed in his wake, making individ- ual courage collectively the spirit of our Navy. Commodore Edward Preble, like John Paul Jones, tilled his oHicers and men with esprit and fighting courage. Some of "Preblets boys" became the great leaders of the War of 1812, Stephen Decatur, James Lawrence, Thomas Macdonough. Perry swept Bri- tish sea power off Lake Erie. Hull and Bainbridge in the CONSTITUTION, along with Decatur in the UNITED STATES, established American naval power on the high seas during the first year of the War of 1812. As our nation grew in stature in the family of nations, so did our naval officers grow in stature as diplomats. Typical of their exploits was Commo- dore Matthew Galbraith Perry's negotiations with the Emporer of Japan in 1853-54. Our war between the states developed the same kind of lighting men. David Dixon Porter became famous on the Mississippi River. Captain Raphael Semmes in the commerce raider, CSS ALABAMA, alone captured sixty-nine union ships before he was destroyed off Cherbourg, France by Winslow in the USS KEARSAGE. Perhaps the outstanding Civil War naval hero was David Glasgow Farragut CtDamn the torpedoes, full speed aheadl'h, whose fleets enforced the blockade of the Confederacy. JOHN PAUI. JONES, 1747-1792 tCECEl-IA BEAUXi One generation of fighting men breeds its suc- "I HAVE NOT YET BEGUN TO FIGHT", JOHN PAUL JONES' QUAlIFICATIONS 0F REPLY TO CAPTAIN PEARSON OF THE SERAPI THE NAVAl OFFICER IT IS BY NO MEANS enough that an officer of the Navy should be a capable mariner. He must be that, of course, but also a great deal more. He should be as well a gentleman of liberal education, refined manners, punctilious courtesy, and the nicest sense of personal honor. He should be the soul of tact, patience, justice, firmness, and charity. No meritorious act of a sub- ordinate should escape his attention or be left to pass without its reward, even if the reward is only a word of approval. Conversely, he should not be blind to a single fault in any subordinate, though, at the same time, he should be quick and unfailing to distinguish error from malice, thoughtlessness from incompetency, and well meant shortcoming from heedless or stupid blunder. Reproduction of paintings in this section are by courtesy of the U. S. Naval Academy COH'iHUEd "ex, page Museum, the United States Naval Institute, the Naval Photographic Center, Chief of Naval Operations. the Commandant of the Marine Corps. and the Electric Boat CompanyJ CAPTAIN JAMES LAWRENCE'S thG WORDS FLOWN BY COMMODORE OLIVER HAZARD PERRY, IN HIS FLAG SHIP DURING THE SEA BATTLE FOR LAKE ERIE 1813. "AVAI- HERITAGE CONTINUED cessors. Dewey, and Sampson, our naval leaders in the Spanish- American War at the turn of the century, led and bred the naval leaders of our next war, Wilson, Simms, Hart, Taussig, and many others next guided our Navy in the defeat of the German U-boat menace and convoyed our armies safely to France in the war with Germany during 1917 and 1918. Between the wars the Navy devoted its meager resources and manpower, ships and funds to research and development in aviation and submarine warfare. Stricken at Pearl Harbor and the Philippines in 1941, practically blockaded by German sub- marines operating off our East coast ports, the nation built, in three short years, the most powerful naval force in the history of the world. The indomitable spirit of our carrier dive bomber and torpedo plane pilots turned the tide of the war in the Pacific in the Battle of Midway, June 4th, 1942. From that day on, naval power in the Pacific slowly but surely drove the Japanese im- perial forces into their home waters. Powerful Amphibious forces, protected alike by carrier air power and our submarine forces, swept the Japanese armies off the Pacific Islands. Our fast carrier task forces destroyed the Japanese Fleets. Possibly the greatest air battle in the naval annals was the 44Mariannas Turkey Shoot," in June 1944, in which the carrier pilots 0f Admiral Marc Mitcher's Task Force 58 and antiaircraft fire COMMODORE MATTHEW CALBRAITH PERRY IN THE USS SUSQUEHANNA ENTERING YOKOHAMA, JAPAN 1853. was r' THE CONSTITUTION DEFEATS THE GUERRIERE tFRANK VINING SMITHl. CAP- TAIN ISAAC HULL, IN PROBABLY THE MOST FAMOUS SINGLE SHIP ENGAGE- MENT IN THE ANNALS OF THE U. S. NAVY PROVES "OLD IRONSIDES." accounted for most of the 346 Japanese planes destroyed. After the war the exploits of our "silent service," the men who fought under the sea in our submarines, was finally publicized. Ranging throughout the Pacific and into the very harbors of Japan itself our fighting submarines sank 214 Japanese naval vessels $77,626 tonsy and 1,178 merchant vessels 61,053,491 tonsy, a monument to the greatest submarine force in history. During this period the Atlantic Fleet was rapidly breaking the back of the German Navy by sweeping from the sea the greatest submarine menace ever to threaten this nation. Our convoys were supplying the allied armies in Europe and our ships were conducting landings in Sicily, Italy and finally Normandy. The greatest lltwo ocean" Navy in the world had played a large part in bringing victory to America and the free world. And this war, like all wars, led to the development of new inventions, new techniques and new weapons conceived by American genius and perfected by men of vision. While industry COMMODORE MATTHEW CALBRAITH PERRY NEGOTIATING THE TREATY WITH JAPAN 1853-BRILLIANT FEAT OF DIPLOMACY THAT OPENED THE DOOR 'I'O WESTERN COMMERCE AND TRADE. "2 .1 "2-3 IRON vmsus woon tspwmm MORAm MARCH 8, 1862, m: css VIR- GINIA tEX USS MERRIMACKi DEFEATS THE USS CUMBERLAND TO USHER IN THE AGE OF STEEL SHIPS. was being welded into a mighty supply force, our Seabees, under- water demolition teams, amphibious sailors, marines and sup- porting army divisions were being welded into a team that spelled victory at sea. Added to the illustrious naval leaders of this great Navy, King, Nimitz, Halsey, Mitcher, McClain, Spruance, Lockwood, Fletcher, and over three million other ofhcers and men also served. The brainwork, the sacrifice, the devotion to duty of generations past and present is the heritage on which we con- tinue to build and improve our Navy. We are bound to the past only by the good that it has provided and the glorious traditions handed down to us. We are linked to the future by our responsibility to deliver to it the best we have received and the best we can produce. Victorious over Japan and Germany, there is still no world peace. Our Navy fought again in Korea for three years and the task forces are still spread across the seven seas. From Barry to Bainbridge to Burke the indomitable fighting spirit is the real strength of our naval heritage. BOATS AWAY AMPHIBIOUS LANDING tW. F. DRAPERL PACIFIC OPERATIONS, WORLD WAR II. THE RETURN OF THE MAYFLOWER t8. F. GRIBBLEL COMMANDER .l. K. TAUSSIG, U. S. NAVY, LEADS THE FIRST DIVISION OF DESTROYERS INTO QUEENSTOWN, IRELAND, MAY 4, 1917, TO COMMENCE OUR AN'I'ISUBMARINE WARFARE IN WORLD WAR I. HTFBATILE or MIDWAY tGRIFFITH BAILEY coma. m: wnrimer POINT or m: PACIFIC WAR-NAVY DIVE BOMBERS SINKING THE JAPANESE CARRIERS AKAGI AND sonvu, JUNE 4, 1942. AIR DEFENSE PACIFIC TASK FORCE iDWIGHT C. SHEPLEM. OPERATION, WORLD WAR II. USS BARB IN PACIFIC ACTION WREDERICK J. HOERTZL THE PERFORMANCE OF BAKER DAY AT BIKINI ATOLL-1'HE FIRST OF A LONG SERIES OF ATOMIC TESTS OUR SILENT SERVICE WAS NOT FULLY APPRECIATED UNTIL AFTER THE PACIFIC BY WHICH DEFENSIVE AS WELL AS OFFENSIVE NAVY TACTICS, WEAPONS AND SYSTEMS FOR THE ATOMIC AGE WERE DEVELOPED. FIRST MARINE DIVISION IN ACTION, KOREA, 8 JUNE 1953. MARINES STORMING FORT CH'OJJIN KOREA, 1371 UOHN CLYMERL ACTION lEADING TO THE FIRST TREATY BETWEEN KOREA AND THE UNITED STATES, SIGNED IN 1882, ESTABLISHING COMMERCIAL RELATIONS AND THE PROTEC- TION OF SHIPWRECKED SEAMEN. , v A .7 - m w .. ' USS MISSOURI BOMBARDING WONSON, KOREA-UNITED NATIONS ACTION, MURDO SOUND ANTARCTICA-USS GLACIER CONTINUES THE NAVY'S WORLD 1950-1953. WIDE INTEREST IN SCIENTIFIC AND GEOGRAPHIC EXPLORATION. MT. EREBUS, ONLY ACTIVE VOLCANO AT ANTARCTICA ON THE RIGHT. imammcm HE PROBLEM of controlling the seasI in tomorrow's world is'a greater challenge to man than ever'before. As a consequence,7 our preparations to Ineet that challenge must he stepped up to eVenlhighe.r Ievels. OIIr Navy must be capable at'ai'm'oment'sf notice of defeating any threat to our sea . supremacy and our national safety no mat- 'ter from where that threat comes. . , Our future men- -'of-War face eVer Increasa. ing responsibilities. Things Will continue to" ,gmoye 'sWiItly around this steadIIy shrInkIng-- ', globe now that We have rnoVed- into qn age , , of iet and atomic propulsmn. Guided mis-T: "ilsiles, rockets,,and mines: have become I: creasingly coI'nplex instruments that mount these miraculous armaments. Ships have changed greatly throughout the generations that our Navy has guarded United States interests on the world' s oceans, and their qualitative superiority will always remain a prime requisite to maritime su- premacy But, it is the spirit and the skill of the seagoing Inen themseIVes which 'will re- main the key to success in battle. . 7 Techmcal advances and the possibilifies ggI-V' the nuclear age notWIthstandIng, men WiII eternally remain as the one essential In- ,9 edIent; to successful marItIme operatlons.' THE WORlDlS SECOND lARGEST FLEET Communist Obiectives in Their Plan For World Conquest IEWING EUROPE from Moscow, we see a vast peninsula surrounded on three sides by water. This view is similar to one looking from the Manchurian border down that bitter test- ing ground, the Korean Peninsula. In the event of war, it is highly probable that the Soviet would make every attempt to overrun the European Continent. In the Allied effort to thwart this move, U. S. Naval Power will play a decisive role. A major function of the United States Navy will be the projection of the military might of this nation from the Menu MOSCOW seas against the flanks of forward movement of Russian armies. Todayls Soviet war machine comprises in land power 2,500,000 troops, with an additional 1,100,000 in the satellite countries. This does not include the massive armies of RedVChina. Soviet Naval power includes 1,650 ships plus 1,100 miscellaneous craft, and 100 more from the satellite countries. Soviet Air power in- cludes 20,000 aircraft plus 4,000 more from the satellite countries. With such military power as this, Soviet strategic objectives are now apparent. ATLANTIC OCEAN EUROPEAN PENINSULA AS SEEN FROM MOSCOW ATLANTIC THRUST Soviet objectives would be two fold. First, they would try to keep our naval forces at such distances from the shores of Europe as to render them ineffectual. Secondly, they would try to prevent the arrival in the European ports of those merchant ships loaded with logistic support so vital to the defense of the European Peninsula. In its broadest aspects, there can be no question that a major objective, political and military, of any prospective enemy will be to isolate the United States from its friends and Allies and weaken our capability to bring our strength to bear in united effort. For centuries Russia has sought to acquire ports which have access to navigable oceans the year round. Today the Soviet Union is on a llpolitical-economic" offensive, If the Soviet Union should go to war, this offensive would accelerate. For example, as she moves down the European Peninsula she will find a need for merchant ships as we need them now. In anticipation of this, the Soviet Union owns a merchant fleet of some 700 ships. The satellite countries have 100, and communist China has 110. The estimated annual increase of this fleet is 60 ships. Here are some interesting sidelights to the foregoing facts: Very few of these ships are being constructed inside of Soviet Russia. Most of the major shipbuilding facilities inside the Soviet Union are engaged in warship construction. 01 those merchantmen being built out- side of the Soviet periphery, the majority are being built in the shipyards of the free nations of the world. RUSSIA RANKS SEO0N0 T0 THE UNITED STATES IN WORl0 NAVAL POWER l 84l i ; l l ; i l l l l l 15 9 a t : l 1 l T l A l l l ATTACK SUPPORT PATROL MINE AUXILIARY AIRCRAFT AIRCRAFT VESSELS WARFARE VESSELS CARRIERS CARRIERS VESSELS CODE: U; S. ACTIVE FLEET - CRUISERS DESTROYERS SUBMARINES U.S.S.R. FLEET MAJOR COMBATANT MINOR COMBATANT GROWING SOVIET NAVAL POWER In keeping with Soviet strategic objectives, the Soviet Union is a growing naval power. As a world naval power the Soviet active fleet ranks second only to the United States. Her sub- marine Heet continues to grow at an alarming rate; she has nearly 500 submarines. In her auxiliary program she has a num- ber of small submarine tenders which implies mobility and advanced bases. Her planned use of submarines has shifted away from the restraint of early 20th Century "Fortress Fleet" con- cepts which characterized the Imperial and early Soviet Navy. She has a growing surface Navy of 27 cruisers and 175 destroyers. These facts become increasingly significant when we realize that during World War II the Bismarck and other German surface raiders at various times tied up large Allied naval efforts and at the same time they had a definite ePfect on Allied cargo ship- ments. The Soviet Union has full appreciation of mine warfare. Mines are a cheap and inexpensive method of sinking ships. Her mine warfare force consists of 500 ships plus the mining capabilities of her major combatant ships. Although we believe the Soviet Navy has no aircraft carriers she does have a naval air arm of more than 3,000 planes. She intends to provide coverage for her naval forces with land based air and sea planes. This is in complete keeping with the Soviet strategic objectives to control Eurasian waters. This, in the eyes of the Soviet, is a balanced Heet. She does not need aircraft carriers to deny to us the use of those waters contiguous to the Eurasian Continent. We, on the other hand, must be able to control and exploit the entire ocean area. Aircraft carriers are an essential part of that capability. This is not the end of the Soviet story. Her program of build- ing ships is accelerating. Since 1950 the Soviet Union has con- structed over 200,000 tons in cruisers, she has built 9 times as much tonnage in destroyers as we have, 6 times as much in sub- marines. The United States went to war twice when control of the seas was threatened. Control of the seas will have a definite bearing on our decision to fight the next war. The Soviet Union's ac- celerated naval pace is in keeping with the communistic doctrine of world domination. TONS 250,000 TONS 3,000,000 l NAVAL 00NSTRO0TION SINCE 1950: SHOW- ING INCREASE IN 00MMUNIST MER- L'HANT SHIPS 0VER 1,000 TONS USSR AND ALLIES 200,000 MERCHANT SHIPS OVER 1,000 TONS 100,000 700 SHIPS 100 SHIPS 'I'IO SHIPS TONS 300,000 DESTROYERS SUBMARINES CRUISERS SATELLITE CHINA u.s. lCONSTRUCTIONl- CONSTRUCTION 1950-'56 ESTIMATED INCREASE LEGEND: El MUTUAL DEFENSE NATIONS AND POSSESSIONS MAGG NATIONS AND POSSESSIONS I NEUTRAL NATIONS I USSR AND SATELLITES ,5 MAJOR SEA LANES PROJECTED BUMMUNIST MOVE T0 BUT MAJOR SEA lANES AND DIVIDE THE FREE WORLD FREE WORLD DEFENSE HE FREE WORLD is in effect an oceanic coalition which includes such major treaties as the Organization of American States, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Northern Tier, South East Asia Treaty Organization, Australia-New Zealand- United States and bilateral treaties with Spain, the Philippine Republic, Nationalist China, The Republic of Korea and Japan. Combined, these nations face the power of the Soviet Union and her satellites, including Red China. This means that the United States needs a Navy with the planes, ships and men to do a job which in many aspects is peculiar to naval power alone. Current events point up the urgency of backing our immobile bases on foreign real estate with a modern, fast, hard-hitting Navy. The United States has become the arsenal of the free world. Current commitments undertaken by the United States include eight treaties involving 42 nations, and military assistance agree- ments with 20 additional nations. Although not all of these treaties bind the United States to go to war, there is a strong moral obligation to do so. That all these treaties are dependent on sea usage is not so surprising if it is remembered that 7202, of the world is water. At the present time 62 nations, 52 percent of the worlds land area, and 54 percent of the worlds popula- tion, depend upon sea power for survival. DISTANT DEFENSE The distant defense we build against communist aggression depends upon sea power for maintenance of our international lanes of communication. These sea lanes must be made secure. Over these ocean lanes come the raw materials which keep the industrial machine of this nation running and, conversely, over these same lanes go the finished products which are vital to the survival of the free world and the economy of the free nations. The offensive capabilities of the United States Navy are specifi- cally designed to maintain the security of these sea lanes. In a general war it is obvious that Soviets will make every effort to cut these lanes. To lose control of these sea lanes would divide the free world into small and vulnerable areas following that time-proven rule of warfare- "divide and conquer." CONTINENTAL DEFENSE The United States Navy is playing an increasingly important role in continental air defense, whose radar fences include the distant early warning line, the mid-Canada line, and the pine tree line. In order to prevent the Soviet Air Force from making an end around these radar fences, the United States Navy is charged with the responsibility of providing the ships and air- craft of the seaward extension of the distant early warning line and the contiguous ocean area radar coverage off the coasts. We have learned to identify the submarine with the torpedo- ing of ships and the mining of channels and harbor and sea approaches. In recent years the submarine has assumed an ad- ditional vital role as a member of anti-submarine forces. Now what may well prove to be an even more important function of the submarine is its employment as a guided or ballistic missile launcher. USS NAUTILUS NUCLEAR POWERED SUBMARINE AT SEA NUCLEAR SEA POWER The advent of nuclear power, long range sonar, and guided missiles have had such a radical effect on the submarine that it must be considered virtually as a new weapon. Nuclear power combined with improved hydrodynamics in hull designs gives to the modern submarine greatly increased submerged speeds, and endurance limited only by the stamina of the crew. New long range sonar enables our submarines to project anti-submarine warfare to the very enemy breakwater for the purpose of detect- ing and sinking enemy submarines departing for and returning from patrols. The combination of the guided missile and the submarine gives to us a weapon of unprecedented stealth and secrecy. This submarine can be used to destroy naval installations, targets of naval interest and, most important in that first phase of anti- submarine warfare, the destruction of U-boat pens before the enemy submarines have a chance to get to sea. Survival of the free world depends upon the continuing ability of the Allied Anned Forces to maintain suflicient strength to counter and overcome any potential enemy, but the projection of military power by air, land or sea depends upon the ability of the United States Navy to control the seas. The United States Navyls Shipbuilding and Conversion Pro- grams are designed to meet the challenge of the Atomic Age and are patterned on a long range plan to shift to nuclear power, atomic weapons, guided missiles, and advanced warfare tech- mques. The USS NAUTILUS, the first nuclear powered submarine, has exceeded our fondest hopes in operational capabilities. She has steamed over 50,000 miles without refueling, Half of this has been completely submerged. Our carrier planes have the capability of delivering the atomic bomb. An interesting devel- opment in missiles includes the development of a long range missile. The Navy intends to launch these missiles from ships. This will impart to the United States the tremendous advantage of missile mobility. In other words, the Navy can launch these missles from any place on the seven seas. GUIDED MISSILE REGULUS lAUNCHED AT SEA l l l I i l l 1 I ! FUTURE NAVAL POWER Naval power is divided into the following functions: air war- fare, submarine warfare, anti-submarine warfare, and amphibious warfare and support. In naval warfare all of these functions are closely interrelated. , First, let us discuss the fast attack force. The fast attack force comprises several carriers depending upon the mission. It is screened by guided missile cruisers and guided missile frigates as well as todayls versatile destroyers. The offensive capabilities of this naval force include the destruction of enemy planes and guided missiles before they become airborne, the mining of chan- nels, disruption of interior transportation systems and the de- struction of shipping. The capability of fast carrier forces to destroy naval installations by atomic weapons contributes to that highly important phase of anti-submarine warfare, the destruc- tion of enemy submarines before they get to sea. Fast carrier forces provide bombardment of enemy fortifications as well as closely coordinated air support for the ground forces of the Army and Marine Corps. Defensively, the fast carriers have the built-in capability of defense against enemy guided missiles and aircraft. This far- roving force, in all-out nuclear war with its disastrous conse- quences, may well throw the balance in our favor. The Soviet Union is sure to have every fixed air base in the free world pin- pointed and these will be included in the simultaneous attack on the industrial centers of this country. In contravention, the elusive mobility of the fast attack force imposes a serious burden on the Soviet Union. First, he is never sure of the exact location of this carrier attack force, and, second, he never. knows where this force will strike. At even todayls modest speeds, the fast at- tack force can be anywhere within 1.5 million square miles of open sea in 24 hours. i'wbismov INDUSTRIAL DESTROY xx; AREAS ENEMY AIRCRAFT . AIR SUPPORT FOR GROUND FORCES AL INSfALtk Ions, 'pN .cgmsns, 15" SEA POWER MOBILITY Mobility is of greater importance now than it has ever been in the history of warfare. The destructive power of modern weapons increases the importance of flexible mobility beyond anything in the past. The basic essence of naval power is mobility. The sea lends a mobility which land-based power can never have. The modern and future submarine potential of the USSR impose a serious threat to our national security along the coasts of the United States. This enemy submarine threat falls in three areas: guided missiles, mining, and attacks on our ships. To defeat the Soviet submarine menace is going to take ex- treme efforts on our part. The emphasis must be on offensive anti-submarine warfare. It will take the concerted action of sur- face ships, submarines and planes. Anti-submarine warfare naturally falls into three phases. 'x IDIQTROYEBRIDGES ' Vt. Te. - DESTROY suamygm: PEh First, we must be able to destroy enemy submarines before they get to sea. This job falls to the aircraft of the fast attack force, the guided missile submarine, and in the future to the long range sea plane. In addition, we will use the mining capa- bilities of our submarines in his port approaches. Secondly, we must be able to destroy enemy submarines en- route to the target. This is done by submarines in barriers in coordination with aircraft. The attack submarine itself can sink enemy submarines. A hunter-killer group with its support car- rier in the center and its screen of destroyers carries fixed wing aircraft and helicopters. The helicopter is a new addition to the family of weapons to be used against the enemy submarine and gives great promise. Thirdly, we must be able to destroy enemy submarines after they arrive in the target area. To do this we have escorts for ocean and coastal convoys. NEW GUIDED MISSILE FRIGATE UIRTIST'S CONCEPTIONl In amphibious warfare the United States Marine Corps, the pioneers in amphibious operations the world over, has devised a new concept known as vertical envelopment. It involves the landing of troops from helicopters. The heart of a future ame phibious force is the assault helicopter ship. Aside from its capa- bility of discharging troops with helicopters, it has the additional advantage of carrying a complete battalion landing team and all of the assault equipment inside one hull. There are many advantages to this method: Our ships can operate outside of mineable waters. They can be so dispersed as to minimize the effect of atomic bombing. Their helicopters increase the speed with which the first assault waves can be put ashore. After the Marines have established themselves in an area behind the enemy lines they move forward to secure a beachhead. Through this opening will flow from the sea lanes, personnel and material needed for a sustained campaign. The Navy's building programs feature weapons that are founded on sustained mobility, adaptable to all the aspects of modern warfare. First, in current programs is an attack carrier. This ship, the aircraft carrier, can be said to be the most im- portant single type of ship that we have in the Navy today. It is the most versatile instrument in warfare. For the foreseeable future it will play an indispensable role. It provides the only system of mobile bases for planes. The weapon systems of the attack carrier include guided missiles as well as the heavy attack aircraft with their atomic weapon capability, and the attack aircraft for close support of troops. Its defense weapons system includes anti-submarine patrol, air- craft early warning, interceptor aircraft, and the combat air patrol. Installed aboard the Carrier is the conventional anti- aircraft battery, and in future years will include anti-aircraft guided missile launchers. MARINE VERTICAL AMPHIBIOUS lANDING FROM CARRIER 'I'O COMBAT ZONE v ...I '7 REGULUS MISSILE ABOARD SHIP AIRBORNE ROCKET POWER: THE CUTLASS SHIPBOARD UNCHING OF A .mp1 lONG-RANGE MISSILE NUCLEAR POWERED GUIDED MISSILE CRUISER lARTIST'S CONCEPTIONl NUCLEAR WEAPONS The conversion of cruisers for the use of surface-to-air guided missiles is well underway. In early conversions, gun mounts have been retained forward and the missile launcher is aft. The entire after section has been reconhgured for miSSile storage. One of the new and radical design ships under construction is the nuclear powered guided missile, light cruiser. This ship is about 11,000 tons in displacement and has a length of over 600 feet. It foretells that era in which we will have guided mis- siles aboard nuclear powered ships capable of steaming to the farthest ends of the earth at the highest speeds. It will be able to launch guided missiles at the heartland of any potential enemy. These will be the First nuclear powered surface ships in our Navy. Nuclear powered guided missile submarines now under con- struction are an improvement on the NAUTILUS and also in- corporate design lessons learned in the USS ALBACORE at high speeds submerged. Such ships as these are a fundamental requirement for for- ward strategic planning in an atomic era that requires a strong Navy. Fast carrier forces assure our country of the continuing ability to strike at the enemy. Naval power is the only means of assuring logistic support to friendly forces, land, sea, and air. Deployed Naval power is an on-the-spot deterrent and a ready retaliatory force in the case of limited or nuclear war. a NUCLEAR POWERED GUIDED MISSILE SUBMARINE tARTIST'S CONCEPTI A SPECIAL MESSAGE FROM ADMIRAL BURKE ELCOME to the United States Navy. You are starting your service at a very interesting time in history. The future of the Navy has never been brighter than it is today. The new technologies of the nuclear-missile age will make the Navy of the future a force of unprecedented power and effectiveness. You are a part of that future. The importance of control of the seas to the security of the United States-and of the entire free world-has never been greater than it is today. Without control of the seas there is very little else the United States can do to win a war- or to defend itself. The responsibility for this tremendous task lies with the United States Navy. The strength of the Navy is in the people who man it. No matter how rapidly we introduce advanced weapons and new scientihc and engineering developments, the Fleet can be only as effective as the dedication, the integrity, the educated judgment and the trained skills of the people who man it. Without you and others like you this powerful Fleet would not be possible. Good luck to you, and may God bless you. , . . ADMIRAL ARLEIGH A. BURKE Chief of Naval Operations ONl COMMODORE WILLIAM BAINBRIDGE U-I'vm U774-1833i Surgeon fending Commodore Buinbridge on the quarterdeck of fhe USS CONSTITUTION during the battle with HMS JAVA. t ? modore Bainbridg1 In the War of 1 rig and wounded twice durin 1 spirit and professional skill dr'e - President isee page 4; As a foimii" Philadelphia, he added to hi'i Navy. In 1942 the President in his honor. CAPTAIN WILLIAM A. COCKELL U. S. NAVY Commander, Naval Training Center, Bainbridge, Maryland APTAIN WILLIAM ARTHUR COCKELL, USN, as- sumed duties as Commander, Naval Training Center, Bainbridge, Maryland on 15 September 1956. Upon the ac- ceptance of command he became the fourth Center Com- mander since the Center's reactivation in February 1951. A graduate of the United States Naval Academy in 1928, he has an unlimited amount of experience in all phases of naval life and warfare including service in airships, battle- ships, cruisers destrovers and Heet oilers. During World War 11, Captain Cockell was awarded Letters of Commendation by the Secretary of the Navy for services performed as Training Officer on the Staff of Chief of Naval Airship Training and Experimentation and as Commanding Officer of an Airship Squadron. As Commanding Officer of a Destroyer he was awarded three Bronze Stai Medals for "meritorious achievements" and Cheroic service" for particiv pation in the battles for the Philippine Islands, Corregidor. Okinawa and the Kyushusi At the end of the war he was in command of Destroyer Division 108. Prior to assuming duties as Center Commander, Captain Cockell's assignments have included command of the USS CALIENTE, the heavy cruiser USS TOLEDO and Com: mander, Fleet Airship Wing ONE In addition to the Bronze Star Medal with two Gold Stars and the Combat WV, the Commendation Ribbon with Medal Pendant, Captain Cockell has received the American Defense Service Medal with Fleet Clasp; American Campaign Medal; Asiatic-Pacihc Campaign Medal; World War 11 Victory Medal; Navy Occupation Service Medal; National Defense Service Medal; Korean Service Medal; United Nations Service Medal and the Philippine Liberation Ribbon. THE Naval Training Center at Bainbridge came into being when the former President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, approved the site and purchase of land and buildings from the Jacob Tome In- stitute in early 1942. This property, including build- ings of the Tome School for boys, was enlarged by the purchase of adjacent land which brought the total area of Bainbridge to 1,132 acres. Bainbridge is located on the northeast bank of the Susquehanna River, 35 miles northeast of Baltimore and approximately 75 miles from Washington and Philadelphia. This activity is under the Continued next page CAPTAIN WILLIAM J. CATLETT, JR. U. S. NAVY Commanding Officer, Recruit Training Command CAPTAIN WILLIAM JACKSON CATLETT, JR., U.S.N., Commanding thcer of the Re- cruit Training Command since 21 November 1953, was graduated from the Naval Academy in 1932. Following a tour of duty aboard the USS COLO- RADO he reported to the Naval Air Station, Pen- sacola, Flofida, for Hight training. After further sea duty, he returned to Pensacola as 3 Navigation Instructor in both flight and ground training of pilots. His war sewice included duty aboard the USS PEARY; he was commended for aiding the PEARY'S escape from a three-hour bomb and tor- pedo attack by Japanese planes. He later served in the ofhce of the Chief of Naval Operations and the ofhce 0f the Director of Aviation Training. Follow- ing staff duty at the General Line School, Newport, R. 1., and a tour of sea duty in the USS OKA- LOOSA, he served as Chief of Training for the Military Air Transport Service. Captain Catlett was the Commanding Officer of the attack cargo ship USS DIPHDA prior to re- porting to Bainbridge. During his career he has served in training of pilots, navigators and flight personnel for eight years, and the training of offi- cers and enlisted men on board ship and ashore for fourteen years. He was designated a Naval Aviation Observer tNavigatiom in 1945 and, among other awards, holds the Commendation Medal Pendant. U. S- No To C. CONTINUED military command of the Commandant, FIFTH naval District, whose headquarters are in Norfolk, Virginia. The Center was Erst activated on October 1, 1942, and ten days later was in operation training recruits. At the conclusion of hostilities on V-J Day, August 14, 1945, the Recruit Training Command had trained a total 01 244,277 recruits. From August 1945 to June 1947 the training activities of the Center decreased due to the eventual reduction in the strength of the Navy. 011 June 30, 1947, Bainbridge was deactivated as a Training Center. In the summer of 1950, when the Korean crisis made it necessary, plans were formulated to reactivate the Center to provide men for the rapidly expanding Heet and shore bases. On February 1, 1951, Captain Robert Hall Smith, U.S.N., assumed command of the Center. The Naval Training Center, under the command of the Center Commander, consists of four subordinate activities, each under a Commanding Officer. These ac- persons. A component activity of the Administrative Command is the Dental Technicians School, the mission of which is to provide graduated recruits and fleet per- sonnel with the technical knowledge and training re- quired to develop dental technicians for duty with the Heet and shore based forces. The Recruit Training Com- mand, the largest of the four subordinate commands, is responsible for the administration of the Recruit Basic Training Program the principles of which are to guide the recruit in the transition from civilian to military life; to introduce him to Navy life, naval customs, tradi- tions, disciplirie and esprit de corps, and, by intensive training and schooling, to fit him for naval service. The facilities of the Recruit Training Command con- sist of four large regiments, each named after naval heroes - Rodgers, Perry, James and Barney. Each camp is an entity in itself, - with its own drill hall, swimming pool, rifle range, mess hall, drill field, classrooms, bar- racks, and recreational facilities -and has the capacity to berth, mess and train a regiment of 5,000 population. All of the regiments are used to train regular male re- HEADGUARTERS, RECRUI'I' TRAINING COMMAND tivities are: The U. S. Naval Administrative Command, the Recruit Training Command, the Service School Com- mand, and the U. S. Naval Hospital. The Administra- tive Command serves as the staff of the Center Com- mander in his direction and administration of the other subordinate commands and performs for him all the administrative, operational, and logistic functions not specifically assigned to other commands. These various functions include security, fire protection, supply, dis- bursing, commissary, Navy Exchange, personnel, and religious administration, medical and dental care, main- tenance and repair, transportation, communications and other vital services essential to the efhcient and effective operation of a community totaling approximately 35,000 cruits; one regiment camp contains special facilities for training male recruits attached to the Recruit Prepara- tory Training Unit and for male reserve recruits ordered to active training duty for a period of two weeks; it also contains the only WAVE Recruit Training School in the Navy. This school, previously located at the U. S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois, was established at Bainbridge in October of 1951. The Service School Command, the third major ac- tivity, provides further training for recruits and fleet personnel in the technical knowledge of ratings required by the operating forces, and prepares them for more ad- vanced education and training in such special field as gunnery, hre control, radio and other technical subjects. Continued next page A component activity of the Service School Command is the United States Naval Academy Preparatory School which, during the Fall and Winter months prepares en- listed men from all branches of the Armed Forces for the entrance examination to the U. S. Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland. During the Summer months this School also trains and selects enlisted men of the Navy and Marine Corps for entrance in the following Fall to the Naval Reserve thcers Training Corps Pro- gram at a college or university of their own choice. The fourth major subordinate activity is the U. S. Naval Hospital, a separate and detached command. The Hospital provides medical and surgical facilities for the proper care of all recruits, students, and permanently assigned naval personnel of the Center and their de- pendents. Operating in conjunction with the Hospital is the Hospital Corps School, with about 1,200 students, whose function is to provide the technical knowledge and training necessary to develop these young men into Hospital Corpsmen for duty with the fleet and shore based forces. 51'. PAUL'S CHAPEL AND CENTER SALUTING BATTERY CAMP RODGERS' SALUTING BATTERY IN ACTION 7 A CLASS IN DAMAGE CONTROL harp '.GR3,!..S! . .n-m 5 . ' , 1 m 1 5" v. INVOCATION CEREMONY AT GRADUATION REVIEW A FLOAT IN THE ANNUAL NAVY RELIEF PARADE PRESENTATION OF THE GEORGE WASHINGTON VALLEY FORGE FLAG TO THE WEEKLY COLOR COMPANY. 57' V GK 's - x , . I SCENE FROM CAMP BARNEY 5 . PAUL'S CHAPEL ND CENTER CHOIR PRESENTATION OF THE COLOR AT A GRADUATION R VIEW, RODGERS DRILL FIELD It 2; men who mm! 771m; M76 ,rmzlegy and make 1126 deviyimzx if it man 10190 mm! build the u'eap072 r zmrl 2126 mmtemzemmm fnr 119056 weapmzv; if i; 717671 wbn mm: remain Jemifiz'c m the .rciicntMc mxxdj, Impoml 10 Mac 7202mm crealimzr: differentiate belu'ewz tbs good and Ibo bad and cxpfnit Ibe good; if if 777672 u'lm mm! imle orden and rah action: :9er 4501? AIL fl 1'1 271011 711017 0f 16:? licel-zvbo 1M1 10177 0M fixture batllw 17y zmrkmg logetbcr zzitb ,rkiH and cntlmrfmm toward a common goal, Admiral AI'Iez'gb A. Burke. USN. Chief of wal Opcmliom IDGE BUS COi M rhjyzziz CIVILIAN HIS TORY... IN - PROCESSING PON his arrival at the Receiving Unit, the new recruit completes the primary paper work most necessary for the initial administra- tion of his training. Here he is given complete medical and dental examinations, inoculations, and a real "crew" haircut. He then receives a full seabag of Navy uniforms and accessories, all of Which are care- fully checked by trained personnel in order to insure a comfortable fit. After completing a battery of aptitude and classification tests, he is finally channeled into a newly-formed company under the command of a Chief or First Class Petty Officer. Each company commandeteespecially selected for his demonstrated leadership abilities, professional qualities, and service experienceestays With his men from the time the company is formed to the day they gradu- ate and complete their basic training. Because of his inHuence on im- pressionable recruits, his attitude determines the attitude of those under him. Its a 24-h0ur-a-day job for the best petty officers the Navy can mus- ter. To the recruits serving under him, he is a parent, guardian, and teacheteall rolled into one. NECESSARY DENTAL WORK IS COMPLETED . , ...u.,v,1.4c.wa., C ::zitgagrei1433497wa l HEART CHECK D E T N A R G R O F N E K A T w G N H T O N BLOOD PRESSURE EAR EXAMINATION . . . THE FIRST MEASUREMENT ACCURACY IS MOST IMPORTANT .UHLL 3H" 4 BEGINNINGS OF A FULL SEABAG WHITE BLOUSES ARE CHECKED ALLOWANCE IS MADE FOR GAIN IN WEIGH m E t. E F- , CLASSIFICATION URING the flrst day of in-ptocessing, a Vital phase of Navy lifeethat of Classi- ficationebegins. By means of a battery of aptitude and other tests, followed later by per- sonal interviews, each recruits previous training and education, past experience, skills, aptitude, motivation and personal interests are explored, analyzed and considered in relation to Navy jobs. The end result of this classification process is the eventual assignment of a recruit upon graduation to a general detail with further on-the-job train- ing, or to a technical school for training in special- ized fields. Whatever the assignment, the classifi- cation procedure insures thatewithin the practi- cal limits of modern personnel selection tech- niqueseeach individual is channeled into a billet wherein he will be able to contribute his utmost toward the accomplishment of the Navyis mission. FIRST CLASS PERSONNELMAN HOLDING AN INDIVIDUAL INTERVIEW SPECIAL QUALIFICATIONS TESTING INDOC'I'RIINA'I'ION The mruy i1 07zly a; good a; it; men; mzd the navy recruit; and traim in men There- fore recming and wmzliHment are vital concern; of all OI$CEN and men, inactive and retired, wloo want 1:129 navy :0 have none bat the belt 072 in team. Vite Admiral Jame; L. Holloway, Jr. Chief of Naval Permnnel i r :3 A FOURTH REGIMENT CLASSROOM BUILDING INSTRUCTION IN FUNDAMENTAL MILITARY COURTESY INDOC'I'RINA'I'ION HE recruit is first assisted in effecting a transition from civilian to Navy life during his period of Indoctrination. It is an integral part of this orientation program to instill a sense of self-tespect and pride in achievement. During the first week of a recruitis training he is told by his commanding officer: "We expect you to grow physically and mentally; but also moral- ly and spiritually. The opportunity for individual achievement, you will find, is one of the underlying, fundamental Freedoms of American Democracy." To better his understanding of the government and country he has sworn to defend, the recruit participates in practical citi- zenship training. He is alerted to Navy Regulations and rules of conduct; he begins his study of the Uniform Code of Military Justice by which all personnel in the Armed Forces today are guided and protected. It is here that the recruit becomes acquainted with the customs, traditions, and couttesies of the U. 8. Navy; their importance is explained in the Commanding thcefs Welcome Aboard Talk: "Good manners are an expression of. the golden tulPtheit ob- servance and application are a hundred fold more necessary in the Navy than in Civilian life." The new recruit understands that he has barely skimmed the surface of nautical "know how", but realizes that he is beginning to build for himself a firm foundation upon which to base his advancement to a station of respect as a man who has achieved confidence in himself through belief in God and country. WEEKLY TEST IN PROGRESS awn , 51 THE COMMANDING OFF'ICER, EXECUTIVE OFFICER, DEPARTMENT HEADS, AND COMPANY COMMANDE 8 AT THE DEPARTURE TALK WELCOME ABOARD TALK INDOCTRINATION mm mu u. 0! IV UI'IOIHHH K M UHH 8: GUNNERY We are faced today with m; i1260722pzzmhle opportunity and challenge. A Mm horizon of new development; in nuclear power, elem'onz'ej, guided miuilej, and other com- plex new weapon; i; rapidly szoldmg. T0 maintam om 50217227le 721W!!! wpremecy, Ihipym'dj, lahomtorz'ej, mzd other held aczie'itie; mmt haven to exploit theje hew heldy. We are not only modernizing mz exijtmg fieezf, we are building the new 7Zd'Ujl of tomorrow. Rear Admiral A. G. Mumma, USN. Chief, Bureau; of Ship! HE usefulness of a Navy tests primarily upon the fact that it can use its offensive and defen- sive weapons effectively at sea. Inasmuch as most seamen usually become members of a naval gun crew, it is essential that a recruit in basic training gain a fun- damental knowledge of the weapons and ammunition he is most likely to encounter While serving at sea. Lectures and classroom instruction are held and wide use is made of models, mock-ups and motion pictures of naval guns in action. Practical demonstrations and pat- TEAM WORK ON A 40MM LOADING M ACHINE ticipation of the recruit in actual gun and loading drills predominate. Safety precautions are strongly stressed in every period of instruction and strictly enforced in 1 , AiNTl-AIRCRAFT GUNS ARE FULLY EXAMINED AND THE IMPORTANCE al drills. OF PROPER TECHNIQUES IS DEMONSTRATED ON GUN MOUNTS Each recruit is also taught the nomenclature and use of various small arms including the Garand tM-U riHe, carbine, Thompson submachine gun, Browning automatic rifle, and the .45 caliber automatic pistol. In addition, he actually fires the .22 caliber tiHe marks- manship course on the small-bore indoor range. EXPLANATION OF CODE MARKINGS ON PROJECTILES SMALL ARMS There is exacting instruction and rigid observation of safety precautions on the firing range. Practical experience is obtained through actual flring 0f .22 caliber rifles. s E s o P R U P L L R D R 0 F E L F R A D E U S m 5 EACH MAN 4f. STRIPPING AND CLEANING SERVICE RIFLES REPAIRING A GUARD BELT CROSS SECTIONS OF PROJECTILES ARE CLOSELY EXAMINED . .. y . deitiomzlly, z't hay heen the Navy; privilege to Jhow the flag aromzd the world-in the great port; of friendly comztrz'er and to remote OittpOSZJ 0f the 560612 5e41, Wherever navy Jhips have dropped anchor the jtar-mezgled Jiamltzrd of hope and freedom ha; heen dijplayed. The Honorahle Jame; H. Smith, Jr. Former Asxz'xttmt Secretary of the Navy s EAMANSH I P CONTINUED matter What his technical specialty may be, every Navy man must first be a real sailor and a competent seaman. In recruit training, the new Navy man is taught the rudiments of seamanship and Closely associated subjects. Here he learns "marline- spike seamanshipllehow to select, use, knot, splice and care for lines and ropes. He also becomes acquainted With the nomenclature of a ship -learning the names and locations of all structural parts, the compart- ments, and the many and varied fittings found aboard a modern naval vessel. As part of his seamanship training, the recruit is made familiar with common deck gear, ground tackle, mooring procedures, and the types and uses of various small craft. He practices elementary signalling, op- erates battle telephones, and learns the important duties and responsi- bilities of a lookout. Finally, participation with his shipmates in general drills on board a mock ship not only enables him to put his newly formed skills into practice as an individual, but also teaches him the Vital necessity of co- ordinated group action in routine evolutions as well as in the event of any emergency. : ' ugh . A COMPLETE FAMILIARIZATION WITH THE DEMONSTRATION 0F MAGNETIC COMPASS INTERIOR DESIGN OF A SHIP IS REQUIRED ENGINE ORDER TELEGRAPH INSTRUCTION IN MARLINESPIKE SEAMANSHIP V 0 .. um .. ...u W COMMODORE 4018 THE RECRUIT TRAINING SHIP COMMODORE STEADY AS SHE GOES! FLAG BAG w S L L Rm DH 0. T R" m R P" N m T C U R T S m. A LINE IS VFAKED DOWN HOW TO USE A HEAVING LINE MOORING LINES READY TO RUN OUT HEAVE IN ON THE BOW SPRING COIL THE EXTRA LINE ON DECK E m T C A R P G W L A N m s L A U w v THE UNION JACK THIS IS A SOUND-POWERED TELEPHONE SPEAK LOUDLY AND CLEARLY! x K171212111 zzdzmlws um! Ibo pnuibz'lifiur of Ibo Imdmr dye 2m!zz'illulmzdiilg. 17 H mm! 21170 INN c'lcmully remain m Ibc mic aiming! 1'; w "Jim! to ,lHLTcCHfXIl mm'ilimc ofvc'mnmu Admiral Arhigb A. Burke. USN. Chief of Nam! ' " J DAMAGE CONTROL THE MANY ITEMS USED FOR FIGHTING FIRES SOME CLASSESARE HELD IN THE FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF HANDY'BILLY PUMP HE Navy realizes the tremendous poten- tial of fire, both in peace and war, and has taken countermeasures by establish- ing an effective fire-hghting training program throughout the service. Accordingly, an intro- ductory experience in actual firefighting is given to every recruit in basic training. First, he is taught the simple chemistry of fire so that he will understand the nature of the various kinds of fire. Then, he is thor- oughly instructed in the use of each piece of the highly specialized Navy fire fighting equip- ment, and in the battle-tesred methods em- ployed in combating all kinds of fire, b0th aHoat and ashore. After thorough indoctrination in'the equip- ment, operating techniques, and safety pre- cautions beetogether with his shipmates in small groups and guided by experienced per- sonneleactually extinguishes raging oil and gasoline. fires in simulated shipboard corn- pattments, various structures, and a mock air- craft. t Included in this area of instruction-is the presentation of the elements of gas warfare and radiological damage control. Each recruit is acquainted with facrual data concerning the major effects of an atomic explosion and is shown how potential damage to personnel can be greatly reduced by planned action. , . PRELIMINARY CONNECTIONS TRYING OUT THE NAVY ALL-PURPOSE NOZZLE SUBDUING A BLAZING WILD HOSE DEMONSTRATION, A LESSON IN SAFETY PRECAUTION G O F Y .n C O L E V H nlu. H THE HANDY-BILLY MOCK-PLANE FIRE EFFICIENTLY SMOTHERED BY FOAM CAREFULLY CLEANING A GAS MASK ',Q i' q t-TCNT' "., A VERY R AL TEST IT WORKS! 1 ' " " LAST MINUTE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE FIELD ON BOARD SHIP, LIVES ARE SAVED , v Pint and foremoxt, you have in am atmed force; the hnejt navy in the world. Ship for Jhip, plmze for plane, gun for gun tmd man for man, thete 1'; 7w equal in quality the world over. The fleet i; what the American people, through their elected repreyen- tative, want it to he. It i; a fitze fleetea modem fleet, edger to take 072 my msigned tmh. Admiral Jemttlt Wright, U.S.N. Commander-m-Chz'ef, Atlantic Fleet and Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic SOUND mind in a sound body is one of the basic aims of recruit training. A Navy man must be physically fit to Withstand the rigors of a sea- going life; he must be a qualified swimmer who can safe- ly leave a sinking ship and live to fight again; and he must have developed, through athletic competition, a sense of fair play, a team spirit, and a fighting heart. Integrated into the recruit curriculum and considered of equal importance ,With academic work, the physical training program has, as its main objectives: the devel- opment of good posture, muscular coordination, strength, ability and endurance in recruits. These objectives are met through many physical activities including calis- thenics, confidence course, boxing, wrestling and other combative sports, swimming and sea survival and first aid.- All of a recruitis physical training is not regimented. The Navy recognizes the value of recreational athletics. In addition to his participation in the competitive com- pany, battalion, regimental, and brigade scheduled sports activities, the recruit is encouraged to engage voluntarily in spontaneous games of an athletic nature in his free time; and adequate facilities and competent supervisors are provided for his convenience and enjoyment while exercising at play in his own area. THE STANDARD U. S. NAVY LIFE JACKET . bu. 'I 'L If; : FLOTATION DEVICES ARE USED TO ASSIST IN OVERCOMING FEAR OF WATER ADVANCED SWIMMERS QUALIFY FOR COMPETITION b , vg 'u... J a3.... Stamina and agility are re- quired to successfully complete the confidence course. Many of the obstacles are designed With the structure of a ship in mind to prepare recruits for life aboard ship. FUNDAMENTALS IN FIRST AID FORM A NATURAL PART OF TRAINING w 133333333423, , , 3 3 The USS FORRESTAL i; more than a delerent agaimt nuclear war. Thij Jhixp Jymholizej 0m comztry"; delermhmlimz to defend the free world by dimomnging in the planning Itage, mzy effort to achieve ultimate L'iclory hy piecemeal aggrenimz. . . , If 0M way of life 2'; 10 mrvive, we mm; maintain theJe two alternate military poytm'ejx The hut 2'; to 77141772121272 4 powerfzzl mzd relatively 2'7zzrztl7zemhle repriml force which will .cz'g7zal a potential enemy 10 5110p, look, and lijten before he 77th an 4117021; atomic war. The Jecomi 2'; to injure thaz we Ollrjelzrej will not he fmced to change the chamcter of a limited war became of fear of Itltimate defeat in d Jerie; of them. The Honorahle Jame; H. Smith, Jr. Former Anz'mml Secretary of the Navy MILITARY DRILL ILITARY drill, as well as physi- cal drill With arms, plays an im- portant part in bringing a re- cruifs mind and body up to that high standard of mental and physical stamina demanded by naval duties-afioat 0r ashoreein times of peace or of war. Physically, a recruit develops military bearing, berHch. abiiitv and endurance through individual muscular coordination necessitated by the Vigorous activities com- prising military drill. Mentally, he learns the real meaning of seIf-discipline, devel- ops a keen respect for leadership, and forms healthy and lasting habits of in- stantaneous reponse to commands from those in authority. Through the medium of competitive military drill, inspections and reviews,the recruit soon develops a real understanding of the importance of team work and a realization of his responsibilities to him- self, his shipmates, and his unit. And he learns that any unit which is imbued with an indomitable uesprit de corps" is invari- ably a winner. VALLEY FORGE FLAG THE GEORGE WASHINGTON VALLEY FORGE FLAG i; a teplt'm 0f the permmzl flag of General George Waiht'ngton a; Commander- In-Chz'ef 0f the Cotttt'nental Army and wax flown before hi; tent timing the winter at Valley Forge and throughout the conflictj 0f the American Revolution. Compoxed 0f ,thixrteen Jix pointed Item, 41'- mngett 012 4 held of blue to follow the line; of the crane; of St. George and St. Andrew, the emhlem of England, thi: famom old Itemi- Md it mid to he the Joztrce 0f the mm in our national flag It i; pretented each week to the graduating company mnhing higheyt in all phage; of com- petition throughout it; entire period 0 f training. a DRESS RIGHT, DRESS PHYSICAL DRILL WITH ARMS-THE FORWARD LUNGE DRILLVOFFICER ABOUT TO MAKE AN INSPECTION PRESENT ARMS SEMAPHORE DRILL BATTALION COMMANDERS INSPECTION POSITION OF READY DIAGONAL LUNGE INVOCATION WEEKLY feature of Recruit Training is the Gradu- ation Review each Saturday on Rodgers Parade Field. Here, in traditional military pomp and ceremony, the graduating recruits take their departure from the first phase of their naval careers. Prior to the actual commencement, the Command Drill Of- ficer explains the review in an address to visiting relatives and friends. The review is conducted by recruits without assistance from Battalion or Company Commanders. It begins with the ten- dition of honors to the Reviewing Officer, generally a senior officer from this command or from another branch of the Armed Services, and includes mass military drill, special per- formances by the Band, Drum and Bugle Corps, and both Wave and Male Drill teams. 5;" MILITARY HONORS RENDERED TO A REVIEWING OFFICER DRUM AND BUGLE CORPS PRESENTS MARCHING ON THE COLORS PASSING IN REVIEW MASSING OF THE FLAGS PRECISION PERSONIFIED THE DRILL TEAM W F.3d . 3 k - ' $ mzmummum Q5 ; . AMERICAN SPIRIT HONOR MEDAL PRESENTATION HE American Spirit Honor Medal is a medallion offered and provided by the Citizens Committee for the Army, Navy and Air Force, Inc., of New York, N . Y. The Ameri- can Spirit Honor Medal has been accepted by the Department of Defense for use as an award to enlisted personnel who, while undergoing basic training, display outstanding qualities of leader- ship best expressing the American SpiriteHonor, Initiative, Loy- alty, and High Example t0 Comrades in Arms. This medallion has also been accepted by the Department of Defense for the pro- motion of closer ties between the Armed Services and the Civil Communities of the continental United States in which the Armed Services establishments are located. REAR ADMIRAL JOHN M. HOSKINS, AMERICAN SPIRIT OF HONOR MEDAL PRESENTATION REVIEWING OFFICER PRESENTS AMERICAN SPIRIT HONOR MEDAL AND HONOR MAN CERTIFICATES SHIP,5 WORK TRAINING Tle lmrd lrtilzzggle to build a 72mdcr71, lzmllcar-age miz'y lmkr jmi begzm. T i; lrtrllggle u ll take all tlJe ingenuity all tbe 617017, all tlJe Jkill Ilmt we am 712115167" . . . 010' may lad; alwzzy; adapted tlJe may! powerful zzreapom 0f llac lime to leipboarrrl me. TlJ'iJ appliej 72010. It will apply to flw 122lJJile em algead. Admiral Arlez'gly A. Bmlee, U.S.N. Claz'ef of Naval Operations NE phase of each recruitis basic training is devoted to practical experience in the routine chores of mess- cooking, housekeeping, and general maintenance under the careful supervision of well trained and experienced petty officers. During his service training period the recruit learns iiby doing" how to perform his share of the routine tasks that maintain the fighting readiness of personnel and equipment, and make a ship or station a healthy, happy place in which to live. Mess-cook details put into practice the principles of proper food handling; cleaning details exercise sanitation tech- niques which have been taught in classes conducted by specialists of the Hospital and Medical Service Corps. Crews of recruits assigned to Masters-at-Arms perform a variety of stevedoring, maintenance and cleaning jobs, all of which are duplicated on board any ship or station of the Naval Establishment. gin.,-..izsili.0!.t..xi. .!. BARRACKS LIFE w .1. - May,- lei; page 17; dedicated to tbe tbozzmnd: of mother; who bzz'zxe baked cake; and pier and Jemf them to Meir 50m. 172 Ike mwy there i; nothing like a package from home. CLOTHES ARE WASHED EVERY DAY LARGE percentage of a recruitis time is spent in and around his bar- racks. Here the man is first taught, together With his shipmates, how to live in a limited amount of space in a harmonious and yet comfort- able manner. Here, also, is stressed the importance of Cleanliness of personnel and barracks, and the necessity for good personal conduct and considerate man- ners; all of which are most essential in promoting the morale, dignity, integ- rity and physical well-being of men serving together under the rigorous con- ditions of naval life. In his barracks the new Navy man is instructed in the purpose and impor- tance of watch standing, and is impressed with the necessity for being con- stantly alert While performing his responsible duties as a sentry. Daily inspections of recruits and of the barracks area are made to insure that the high standards of cleanliness and conduct are being properly met. The recruit soon learns how to wash and care for his many articles of clothing and personal gear, and how to stow them properly in a seabag or a shipboard-type locker. It is in his barracks, too, that the recruit learns much about Navy life from his company commander; it is here that he does much of his out-of-class studying. Receiving mail, writing letters, engaging in conversation and other fraternal activities are important highlights of his barracks life. RECRUIT EDUCATIONAL PETTY OFFICER HOLDING AN ALL-IMPORTANT REVIEW OF CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION Easg3glrg x ,1? gagasugx stung 35w $;,..ka1..1..; 33 554Mxmxa 1s. ?SYR, am. . , s7, lung gum Ala 791? 4, t1! h. 7. zen... 3; ngzqag? $2.4m; 32:1? 5 v. SEMAPHUHE kkY?Y '17! L-K-l, " l,iijk xix ll 0 w-H--r-Am Ky xy Ar 3'; u-1Ad ' RELIGIOUS LIFE T176 31121101! zlwirmm 0f bmmm bis'mry bury been wrongly by mmpcmim of believing mew. bcmmc mm zz'lm dcz'omly ln'h'cre m 101216;me INN uluuzju li'ixmlpb oz'c'r flame zvbo 0 am; bulicrc grmth m mzylbmg. TIM Hmzrmzble Robert B. Alizlc'rsm'z Former Secretary 0f the Navy RELIGIOUS LIFE HE Navy recognizes that every means must be exer- l cised to strengthen the moral, spiritual and religious lives of naval personnel. All commanding officers are directed to insure that all personnel are reached by group instruction and by personal interview on all matters that promote the realization and development of these values consistent with religious beliefs of the individual con- cerned. In order to insure that the opportunity of continuing the religious practices and tradition of his home life is present, chaplains 0f the major faiths and denominations are assigned to each regiment of recruits in training. Vol- untary classes of religious instruction are held regularly at times when all personnel are free to attend. Closely allied to the religious program is the character and moral guidance series of lectures presented by the chaplains. These men, with years of experience in the naval service, both afloat and ashore, are particularly well quali- fled for this most important task. In a course of lectures, the recruit is acquainted with the many and perplexing problems which will confront him during his Navy career; and is shown the tight and wrong solutions to each. Thus, with his ideals and conviCtions Strengthened and bolstered by a Strong religious and moral foundation, the new Navy man is better prepared to serve his God and his Country with distinction, honor, loyalty and devotion -not only as a sailor, but also as a citizen. ROMAN CATHOLIC SERVICES CENTER CHAPEL, ST. P'AULlS r: .....-. ..... ' JEWISH SERVICES PROTESTANT SERVICESN ROMAN CATHOLIC AND PROTESTANT SERVICES ARE HELD IN REGIMENTAL DRILL HALLS ' i? 3 CHOIR REHEARSAL CHARACTER GUIDANCE CLASS .QICII VT. u u o I The dczxelopmwzt of din. 'sz tmd sz'uiZuI bu; romnbnlezz' 6120177me to 16sz pawer'br iizcrccumg szortgmcewmzzdear are Iflzcrwxiizg m iwzportmzue a; mmm make zbe 173F011;- tiomzl tmmizimz from. oil 10 Imclem' energy, from TNT to nuclear warheads, from con- ventional projettile; 10 guided and buzle'm'c mini! , from, 5 le710721 1 20 Izzperymzic zzirm'zzfl 7242,'1'65 are more importmzz to 0m J'mz'l'zw! a; free nalimz; tlaam zbey have ever been before Admzml Arlez'gb A. Burke, USN. Cbief 0f Nam! Opemliom NON O maintain peak efficiency throughout his period of basic train- . ing, each recruit musr have a proportionate amount of work, sleep, and play. Recreation, therefore, becomes a vital part of his training. A staff of experienced officers and chief petty ofhcets, to- gether with civilian librarians and recreation directors, works constant- ly to provide relaxation, amusement and entertainment for the recruit during his off-duty hours. Perhaps the mOSt popular type of recreation afforded the recruit is the recruit dance held each month in a regimental drill hall. Senior companies of recruits play host to the recruit WAVES and t0 USO junior hostesses from adjacent communities. USO chaperones, duty officers and officers and their Wives attached to the command are pres- ent to help everyone enjoy the affair. A recruit dance orchestra pro- vides the music; free refreshments are available to all thtOughOut the evening. A recreation building in each regimental area provides many facili- ties for relaxation. Here the recruit may bowl, play ping-pong, bil- liards, pool and other games, enjoy television and radio or listen to a variety of records. An attended library of books and current maga- zines and a comfortable reading room, are available to him. In addition, a Navy Exchange store, snack bar and soda fountain are open for his convenience. At frequent intervals, variety shows, name bands and USO shows visit the command to entertain the recruits; each Saturday and Sunday evening the latest movies are shown in the regimental drill halls. For the hobbyist there is a well equipped hobby shop where the interested recruit may work in leather, metals, wood, plastics 01' model building. Best of all, perhaps, are those visiting days when the recruit may entertain his family and friends at the Recreation Center; or, in the summer, enjoy eating an outdoor lunch with them in the picnic area. 14174,; w, . 3,.,,1441 ...,,,. ,pm mz + Ezraxftewiwfywr . g j g 3 IRECIT WIRE H . , z 'ESTERN ,? ;f um .HO CHAIO COMPANY 160 Commenced Training: 16 AUgUst1957 Completed Training: 18 October 1957 R. T. Adamson, FPC Company Commander J. P. Mason, BMC Company Commander IST REGIMENT 13TH BATTALION L. G. Aker, m D. c. Anderson' s. R. Anthony wsmam F. Boron Robert A. Baybr Peter J. Beckley Dwight F. Belisle 1.. E. Binner f , J. A. Blauner J. W. Bochancow William 8. Bruce I T. J. Burgess, Jrf John W. Carmen Ralph S. Corr M. Coserto, Jr. H. B. Chambers, H! D. F. Clipperly Harold G. Clouser Robert L. Cromer;L Robert A. Daniels Roger R . DarH James W. Dash ,? Richard C. Day R. L. Dickerson M. A. Disidoro x. . Lorry G. Earhor? ? R. H. Earnshow, Jr. J. H. Eichohzer William R. Foes L. E. Figueredo Richard L. France P. A. Gallagher Kennem L. Ginder Richard Hamel L. A. Hardwick William v. Harris James B. HoydenGV David M. Haynes R. w. Hecrwagen G. M. Infrovo io Qaww , , mgy W.A. Jaworski R. E. Johnson R. L. Jones, Jr. Floyd A. Jordon Richard A. Joslin L. T. Kessler v , , G. A. Koenemund F A. meczynsky R. J. LaSUfis R. E. Lynch. Jr. C. E. Marek J. A. Merino, Jr. 5. B. McCrcw, Jr. Richard E. Miller Ronnie 8. Mills Peter Mooris Roland G. Niles D. P. O'Connor D. M. Oglesby 7 J. E. omeere f M. J. O'Kcefe J R. Polinsky Philip Ronnis Charles H. Reed Robert F. RciHy R. G. Reustle T. E. Rickrode J. S. Rudzinski Carl A. Sosso H. T. Schienker, John w. Shearer R. H. smnh, Jr. thap J. Saucy w. R. Sourwine R. L. Sfickle R. J. Sfowell Richard Tenchko H. J. Thurmond G. P. VcHely Dennis M. Vosile A Monin Vetere f Robert M, Walker James P. Waters Everett W. Way Theod ore Whitman E. C. Workman Gemid vlorsniclr. Alber' J Yorina J. E Young, Jr. . P. C lament 276m 3w ,VWWMM E. P. DeLoria D. D. Kitchen . V . . , P.Esposit0, Jr. W??? I . . . . , . . A . P. 0. Lucas A. C. Edmonson Wmmwwkxw WNW m W Aw; ??W; l' x ,3 yz E G N A R E L Fr. R FIRE FIGHTING E F U S K C A R R A B BARRACKS LIFE BAG INSPECTION GRADUATION James B. Hayden, SR, Winner of American Spirit Honor Medal Robin? L. Cromer, 5P, Company Honormnn GUIDED MISSILEMAN HES FIRE CONTROL TECHNICIAN WU AVIATION GUIDED MISSILEMAN KEN AVIATION FIRE CONTROL TECHNICIAN UAG AVIATION ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN AU AVIATION STRUCTURAL MECHANIC UKM AVIATION ELECTRICIAN'S MATE AH AVIATION BOATSWAIN'S MATE Am AVIATION ELECTRONICSMAN AU AVIATION ORDNANCEMAN AO AEROGRAPHER'S MATE AG AIR CONTROLMAN AO AVIATION STOREKEEPER AK AVIATION MACHINIST'S MATE AlM PARACHUTE RIGGER U'IU ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN GU TORPEDOMAN'S MATE UM MINEMAN MN RADARMAN RIM RADIOMAN MM SONARMAN 50 e OPPORTUNITIES UNLIMITED THE NAVY AS A CAREER SIGNALMAN 6M BOATSWAIN'S MATE BM QUARTERMASTER !QM GUNNER'S MATE GM ELECTRICIAN'S MATE tEM INTERIOR COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRICIAN HG CONSTRUCTION ELECTRICIAN EH MACHINIST'S MATE' MM MACHINERY REPAIRMAN mm DAMAGE CONTROLMAN DO PATTERNMAKER WM STEELWORKER SW PIPE FITTER UH MECHANIC tCM BOILERMAN WU ENGINEMAN GN UTILITIESMAN UU DENTAL TECHNICIAN DU MACHINE ACCOUNTANT MA LITHOGRAPHER HM STEWARD $0 ELEcmouIcs. MISSILES nucusbmcs YEOMAN YN JOURNALIST UCM ' COMMUNICATION TECHNICIAN MU MUSICIAN MU OPTICALMAN OM PHOTOGRAPHER'S MATE tPH DISBURSING CLERK DK PERSONNELMAN WN TRADEVMAN Hm DRAFTSMAN DM STOREKEEPER SK COMMISSARYMAN K9 SHIP'S SERVICEMAN GH HOSPITAL CORPSMAN HM INSTRUMENTMAN UM METALSMITH MH MOLDER MIJ DRIVER KIM BUILDER mU SURVEYOR 5U NUCLEAR WEAPONSMAN NW ,. w 6 j 61.- -A'iae; v.2 .,,J "date. ;. Mei: -4 7. .4 OST enlisted personnel enter the naval service as Seaman Recruits. After their initial training, the varied aspects of which are pictured in this book, they are qualified to take advantage of many tangible career opportunities presented by the Navy Rating System. The term iirating" applies to groups of Navy occupational duties which require essentially the same aptitudes, training, experience, skills, and physical and mental abilities. Within the rating there are iirates" which indicate a mans pay grade and his level of experience, knowledge, and re- sponsibility. The general principles of the rating system evolved during the Navyis 150-0dd years of existence; the details of its structure were worked out by officers, enlisted men, and civilians experienced in personnel management. In itself it contributes much to morale by providing a real incentive for the enlisted men through its rec- ognition of distinct occupations and in its pro- gram for steady advancement. A11 Seaman Recruits 6SRy who are graduated from recruit training are automatically advanced to Seaman Apprentice 6SAy. Aboard a ship or station, the apprentice receives additional train- ing in general seamanship and related work and, after six months, become eligible for promotion to Seaman 6SNy. By this time he has become interested in the duties performed by personnel in a specialty rating and from then on he is promoted in a particular rating such as are seen on these pages. Having received promotions through third, second, and iirst class petty oiiicer, a man becomes eligible for advancement to chief petty officer, the highest enlisted rate of his occu- pational line of work. From there, career steps in all ratings lead to one of twelve warrant officer billets or to a commission as an officer in a limited duty category. Promotion and pay are subjects close to the heart of every Navy man and the objectives of this system for advancement can be stated very simply: to provide qualified personnel in each The Navy uses large numbers of meters and gauges, watches, clocks, typewriters, adding machines, etc. To maintain these many and varied machines in good working order, lnstrumentmen UMt of great skill are required. 2-3 Modern Navy aircraft have increased the range of naval weapons from a few miles to hundreds of miles. They carry guns, bombs, torpedoes, and rockets to attack the enemy on the sea, under the sea, in the air, and on the land. The specialists responsible for the perfect working order of all armament on Navy planes are the Aviation Ordnancemen moi. The safety of ships at sea depends to a great extent on skillful navigation; on the vigilance with which lookouts are maintained; and on the proficiency with which signals are exchanged with other ships and with the shore. The Signalman iSMi, above and below, performs or assists in the performance of these duties. rate in accordance with the needs of the service; to give the individual incentive to improve his performance; and, to build morale. Basic to the system of advancement are the needs of the service. A properly balanced crew consisting of the multitude of ratings necessary to man a fighting ship can only be effective if each man holding a rate can do the job expected. Next in importance is the spark of incentive which is needed in training, discipline, and ca- reer planning. Promotions are controlled so that they offer a reward to the man who successfully prepares himself for the next higher rate, and who is willing and able to accept responsibility. The third major objective is the building of morale. Every conscientious man must be made to feel that eventual advancement is open to him at a speed commensurate with his ability Reflur is used esftensively-in navigsation and maneuvering, in recog- and demonstrated perfornlance. :zi.:'::';::::'::s'1:32.21?'::::;s:::s:.;'.::;":? 5?: R222: Eligibility standards provide control of the man tRDl is to operate this equipment and to interpret the infor- quality Of personnel advanced and it is these mam" 'ecema from "' standards which present an equal opportunity for each man to best take advantage of his position e besides the vocational training in the schools and on-the-job, there are numerous training manuals published by the Navy for all the ratings and all personnel are urged to study these manuals in order to prepare themselves for early advance- ment. Furthermore, there are opportunities in the Navy to complete a perhaps interrupted civilian education, begin or further college training or obtain a working knowledge of other vocations. Any of these aims can be realized through the Advanced Schools Program, college tuition aid program, and hundreds of courses available to every Navy man through the United States Armed Forces Institute, college correspondence courses, General Educational Development tests, and Class- , ,s room work. ,5, V . These pages give only a glimpse of the variety Much of the credit for the good health of Navy personnel is due to and types Of career vocations thiCh the. NaVY the Iwork of the Hospital Corpsmen tHMl'. They are the Navy's phur- offers to those who are VVlllll'lg t0 TCCOganC and macusts, medlcul technlcmns, and first and men. . . take advantage of the opportumties. The engineering main control station in the engine room is the pulse . . . . . center of a shipls engineering plant. Carefully trained and experi- Naval uctlvmes Inn peace and wur'are carefully recorded VISIEGHY enced Machinist's Mates lMMl are assigned duties at the control by means of motlon pictures and still photographs taken by skllled station. Photographer's Mates tPHl. Aviaiion Boatswain's Mates iABi handle aircraft on carriers, tenders, ramps, and in anchorages, hangars, and parking areas. They oper- ate catapults, arresting gear, and maintain fuel and oil transfer systems. It is their responsibility to handle planes prior to take-of? and after landing. On Navy ships and stations, where so much is constructed of metal, there is constant need for repair of such things as ships' hulls, fit 'ngs, and machinery. This continuous need is met by skilled tech- nicians called Metalsmifhs iMEL A i Since the propelling agent of our large naval ships is steam, ef- ficient operation, maintenance and repair of boilers and relaied machinery are essential for effective power. The Boilermen TBU transfer, fest, and take invenfories of fuel and wafer besides serving as members of damage control or repair parties. The iniernel-combustion engine, either diesel or gasoline, plays a tremendously important role in powering The ships and small craft of fhe Navy. These engines must be properly maintained, repaired, and operated. The most important work of the Navy Enaineman GM centers around fhese iobs. Navy ship equipped with various guns have long been protectors ugainsi enemy aggressors. Navy's Gunner's Mates iGMi operate, maintain, and repair all gunnery equipment, as well as handle am- munition used on Navy ships. IFE at sea, assignment to ships and squadrons, HVVhere do we go from here?" are natural thoughts and questions in the minds of ex-recruits. Their lives will be enriched by exposure to other cultures and peoples, for the sun never sets on the ships of the U. S. Navy. From the Arctic to the Antarctic, from Marseille to Sydnem in all oceans and seas, in all types of ships both large and small, the missions of the Navy are being performed. On these pages we have shown a few typical pictures of the ships of our Navy performing their assigned duties. Some of the ships are assigned to oversea Heets on a rotation basis-those assigned to the Sixth Fleet cOver the Mediterranean Sea, others of the Seventh steam through the XVestern Pacihc, while still other ships on independent duty such as ice breakers, hy- drographic survey ships and net tenders cruise to isolated ports which seldom see a ship. All types of Combatant vessels may be included on good-will tours to such diverse and interesting countries as Australia, Brazil, Pakistan and Denmark. It would be very difficult, indeed, for a sailor not to see the world. A FAMILIAR SIGHT TO THOSE SIGHTSEEINGIN LISBON, WHO SPENT LIBERTY IN JAPAN PORTUGAL SCENE OF PEARL HARBOR FROM ATTACK TRANSPORT i 2 THE CARRIER USS MIDWAY IN ON LIBERTY WHILE STATIONED THE FIRTH OF CLYDE, NEAR TANGIERS SCOTLAND NAVY MEN ON LEAVE IN RANGOON, BURMA , ! Qt .' t '. . :g 2; v?n- ' 2 AM: . .I, . :15: ' l. NI? - 2 tr 1 hh . F A OPERATION AND SQUADRON ACTIVITIES AT TANAPES, SAIPAN T this time, the chances for hemming 1: tom- missioned other have never been better. The traditional path is through the Naval Academy; how- ever, in addition there are now several programs in which enlisted personnel may prepare themselves for commissioned status. It is not necessary that appli- czmts have college training to meet the requirements of some of the programs zmd there are certain cases where even men without high school diplomas may qualify. Of the programs and schools offered, the Naval Academy, the Naval Reserve thcers Training Corps, the Naval Aviation Cadet program, the Officer Can- didate School and the Aviation OHicer Candidate program are open at the present time. The U. St Navy and the U. S. Marine Corps Obtain most Ofltheir career officers from two sources, the Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, and the Naval Reserve Officer Training Corps units which are established in many of the leading colleges and uni- versities throughout the United States. The U. S. Naval Academy provides four years of college train- ing leading to a commission in the Regular Navy or Marine Corps. Admission is gained by competitive examination among enlisted personnel in the naval service or by Presidential or Congressional appoint- V , ment. Those who successfully pass the examination rucure midshipmen swaying m the Naval Academy Preparatory school are transierreti to the Naval Academy Preparfttery at Bainbridge. School whlch IS located at the U. S. Naval Training Center, Bainbridge, Maryland. It is the purpose of this school to prepare the applicant for the competi- i imWLuk bi i ' i vessels. These Midshipmen are aboard one of the many de- ': stroyers assigned for Midshipmen training purposes. NROTC students receive summer training cruises aboard naval Student Pilots at the U. S. Naval Air Siuiion, Whiting Field, Pensa- cola, Flu. Midshipmen ready for Inspection at Seu-ubourd U.S.S. N. K. PERRY DDR 883, of? Guantanamo, Cuba. tive examinations lending to selection for the Naval Academy. Students enrolled in the NROTC pursue the nor- mal college curriculum of the institution in which enrolled. In addition they study certain naval science subjects and participate in drills and cruises which qualify them for appointment as officers upon grad- uation. For those who possess an interest in becoming career officers of the regular Navy through the NROTC program, the Navy offers financial assistance throughout the four years of the college program. The Naval Aviation Cadet and Aviation Officer Candidate programs are offered for those who meet the rigorous requirements necessary for pilots. After selection for either program, the student pilot spends sixteen months in preefiight training. The Cadet re- ceives his commission after graduation, however, the AOC undergoes training as an officer. The purpose of the Officer Candidate Program is to provide a ready and adequate reserve of qualified junior officers. It is an active duty program available to enlisted personnel in the naval service. The OHicer Candidate School is located at Newport, R. I. Men in the regular Navy meeting the requirements are eligible to compete in an examination for entrance into this program. At the end of four months of in- tensive training in naval subjects, the graduates are commissioned Ensigns, U. S. Naval Reserve, in either the Line 0r Staff Corps. After serving on active duty, they are eligible for transfer to the Regular Navy. Midshipmen in their summer cruises generally visit the European countries' principal seaports. Scenes as his in North Zeulund, Denmark, are typical liberty ports. U. S. Naval omcer candidates in nuviga- Navy Enlisted Students, operating radio tion class, U. S. Naval Officer Candidate set at Purdue University. t'l'he Navy's School, Newport, R. l. newest college educational progrumJ Midshipmen marching at the U. S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Md. 1- - ' .. ,. -7. . I - a .V . . .-.-..-.....h.v. ' a S. . .. TYPICAL CAREER MEN of the U. S. NAVY lieutenant Commander Charles M. Younger, Jr., U. 5. Navy, was born or july 21. 1913, in V'Voodlawn, Maryland. was enlisted in the Navy February 21. 1933.1111dreteixed hisretruit training at the U. S. Naval Station, Norlolk Virginia. His first duty station alter tompleting his initial introduttion to the Navy was the destroyer. USS BAINBRIDGE. He served in the USS BAIN BRIDGE as a Fireman Third Class until .Iuly ol W34 when he was trans lerred to New London. Connettitut to reteive training in submarines. Ht qualified and was sent to the submarine 5-30 in Whith he served until he was discharged from the NaVy in February I030. Alter a few days he reenlistee and was. again, sent to New London for duty in submarines. He served ii the submarines SPEARFISH and DACE, WhiCh played active and aggres sive roles in World War lIi Lieutenant Commander Younger was tited tor bravery many times durink his colorful career as a suhmariner. One citation reads. in part: uIn the fact of unusual hardships and danger in the presence of the enemy you discharget your duties with bravery in a manner mnlorming with the highest tradition: of the Naval Service." He was appointed a Chielk Mathinist's Mate in May 1942, and in July 194K. he was commissioned an Ensign. Since that time his duty assignments include Adak. Alaska. USS NEREUS. Submarine Base, Pearl Harbor. USS BESUGO USS STERLET, and the Reeruit Training Command, Bainbridge. Maryland Lieutenant Commander Younger is entitled to wear the Bronze Star, Com mendation Ribbon, Navy Unit Citation, Good Conduct Medal, Ameriear Defense Service Medal, American Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaigr Medal. World Mlar II Victory Medal, Philippine Defense Ribbon, Philippim Liberation Ribbon, and the National Defense Service. He is also authorizec to wear the Submarine Combat Patrol Pin, and has earned twelve engage ment starst George L. Defre, Chief Boilerman, U. 5. Navy, completed recruit training at the Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois, in De- cember 1939. During World War II he served aboard the heavy cruiser USS HOUSTON. His ship was lost in an engagement in Sunda Straits on 1 March 1942 and Detre was taken prisoner by the Japanese on the Island of Java. He spent the next forty-two months 1n prison camps in Burma and Japan. Returning to the United States in Octo- ber 1945 he was stationed at the U.S. Naval Training Center, Great Lakes, Illinois. Detre was promoted to Warrant Officer status and transferred to the Amphibious Force at Little Creek, Virginia. Reverting to Chief Petty Officer in 1947 he attended Salvage School, in Bayonne, New Jersey. He then served aboard the USS TANNER and the USS DIO- NESSES. Chief Detre wears the Good Conduct Medal, Philippine Defense Ribbon, Asiatie-Pacihc Campaign Medal, Navy Unit Citation with Star, Army Unit Citation. American Defense Service Medal, World iVar II Victory Medal, and the National Defense Serviee Medal. Harold Lloyd Parman, boatswuin's mate first class, U. 5. Navy was born in 1925, in Corbin, Kentucky. He underwent i'ettrtiit trainiit at Great Lakes, Illinois, after enlisting in the Navy on 10 April 1913 During XVorld War II Parman spent two years in the North Atlailti 011 eonvoy duty in Merehant Ships as an armed guard for the ship. H also spent one year in the Padhe aboard Minesweepers. Parman wa. a crew member oi the USS REVENGE, which ship had the distinctiot 01' heing the first U. 5. Navy vessel to enter Tokyo after the hostilitie with japan teased, having enterd Tokyo Bay on 27 August 19-15, sit days prior to the signing of the peace treaty aboard the USS MIS SOURI. Parman was assigned to Minesweepers again during the Korean iVar participating in Clearing both Korean toasts of mines. He is entitled to wear the Ameriean Campaign Medal, European Aliit'ian-NIiildle Eastern Campaign Medal, Asiaticlhuiht Campaigi Medal, Vietory Medal XVorld XVar ll, Good Comhut Medal, Nav Outipation Servit'e Medal, National Deiiense Service Medal, Chini SeH'iie Medal, Korean Service Medal, United Nations Seniee Medal am! the Reptlhlie oi Korea Presidential ITnit Citation. Scenes from Susquehanna Holiday, Buinbridge's own historical musical com- edy. mbovd New Chapel Dedication scene. melow The Old Canal Inn scene. aHon Review. Easter Sunrise Services are held in the Center Amphitheatre euth year. Company Competitive Flags and Pennants are Earned by Outscunding Companies n, , M7,, . . , v , . I 34:4 A. . - $MV O'MT , 2'" A i. 5 Is . , ,: Xx iw'a; ?, , . $14 4'; 1-6 I

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Are you trying to find old school friends, old classmates, fellow servicemen or shipmates? Do you want to see past girlfriends or boyfriends? Relive homecoming, prom, graduation, and other moments on campus captured in yearbook pictures. Revisit your fraternity or sorority and see familiar places. See members of old school clubs and relive old times. Start your search today! Looking for old family members and relatives? Do you want to find pictures of parents or grandparents when they were in school? Want to find out what hairstyle was popular in the 1920s? has a wealth of genealogy information spanning over a century for many schools with full text search. Use our online Genealogy Resource to uncover history quickly! Are you planning a reunion and need assistance? can help you with scanning and providing access to yearbook images for promotional materials and activities. We can provide you with an electronic version of your yearbook that can assist you with reunion planning. will also publish the yearbook images online for people to share and enjoy.