US Naval Training Center - Compass Yearbook (Bainbridge, MD)
- Class of 1956
Page 1 of 104
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 104 of the 1956 volume:
lg Center an,
A Brigade Award. Presenled
weekly 'Io a Company which
has demonstrated an outstand-
ing proliciency in military drill
A Regimental Award. Pre-
senlod weekly Io a Company
which has demonstrated an ex-
cellent proficiency in miliiary
drill under arms.
Used lo indicate additional awards of any one of the com
pelifive flags or pennants
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USS CONSTITUTION AND HMS JAVA
"To the Senate and House of Representatives.
"I lay before Congress a letter with accompany-
ing documents from Commodore Bainbridge, now
commanding the United States frigate Constitution,
reporting his capture and destruction of the British
frigate Java. The circumstances of the issue of this
combat afford another instance of the professional
skill and heroic spirit which prevail in our naval
service. The signal display of both by Commodore
Bainbridge, his ofhcers and crew command the
highest praise. This being the second instance in
which the condition of the captured ship, by render-
ing it impossible to get her into port, has barred a
contemplated reward for successful valour, l rec-
ommend to the consideration of Congress, the
equity and propriety of a general provision allow-
ing in such cases, both past and future, a fair pro-
portion of the value which would accrue to the
captors on the safe arrival and sale of the prizef,
"Resolved by the Senate and House of Representa-
tives of the United States of America in Congress
assembled, that the President of the United States
be, and he is hereby, requested to present to Cap-
tain William Bainbridge, of the frigate Constitu-
tion, a gold medal with suitable emblems and de-
vices, and a silver medal with suitable emblems and
devices to each commissioned officer of the said
frigate, in testimony of the high sense entertained
by Congress of the gallantry, good conduct and
services of Captain William Bainbridge, his oflicers
and crew, in the capture of the British frigate Java,
after a successful combat."
H. Clay, Speaker of the House of Representatives
W. H. Crawford, Prest. of the Senate, Pro. Tem.
March 3, 1813
A Message from
of the Navy
XA NTVD DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
fgggfwzagh OFFICE or THE SECRETARY
WASHINGTON 25. D. c
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TO THE PARENTS OF THE GRADUATES OF RECHUIT TRAINING
Successful completion of recruit training is the
first major accomplishment in every Navy man's career
His ability to adapt himself to Navy life and to meet
the Navy's high standards of performance is a credit
not only to himself but also to his family and those
others in his home commu ity who have helped him to
become a fine young American.
Our Navy cannot achieve its mission as a member
of the nation's defense team without the services of
many thousands of young Americans who are willing to
work hard and long to ensure that this country will
be able to defend her precious freedom if the test
Whether your son decides to make the Navy his
career, or prefers to return to civilian life upon
completion of his present enlistment, he will need
the encouragement and understanding of you at home
in order to do his Navy job successfully.
For our part, those of us in positions of leader-
ship in the Navy pledge our constant loyalty to him
and concern for his best interests.
working together, we can keep our Navy the world's
best and a great protector of freedom throughout the
CHARLES S. THOMAS
Secretary of the Navy
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TTV MISSILES ABOARD THE USS MISSISSIPPI THE BATTLESHIP USS MISSOURI
II and as used in the United Nations'
efforts in the Far East, is an indispens-
able part of modern defense upon which
the security of our country ultimately
rests. On the sea, under the sea, in the
air above the sea, and in land operations
where naval forces including the Marine
Corps are committed, the Navy stands
ready to meet any aggressive challenge
whenever and wherever offered.
The modern fleet includes many task
forces built around the present capital
ship-of-the-line, the aircraft carrier, Fast
carrier task forces composed of carriers,
battleships, cruisers, destroyers and other
combatant vessels, are the principal ele-
ments of today's offensive naval strength
and, as such, comprise the Navy's main
striking force. The Navy is no longer
shackled by the historic barriers of the
shoreline, nor by the range of its ship-
borne guns, but can strike blows deep
in enemy territory, and can deliver at
the target the atom bomb, when and if
needed. Fast carrier task forces are able,
without resorting to diplomatic channels,
to establish offshore anywhere in the
world airfields completely equipped with
machine shops, ammunition dumps, tank
farms, warehouses, together with quar-
ters and all types of accommodations for
operating personnel. Such task forces are
virtually as complete as any air base ever
established ashore. They constitute the
only air bases which can be made avail-
able at the enemy's frontier without as-
sault and conquest.
Whenever and wherever assault and
conquest is deemed necessary, the ac-
complishment of an amphibious assault
until a stable beachhead has been estab-
lished is solely the responsibility of the
Navy. The amphibious task, forces are
composed of all types of ships, naval air-
craft, under-water demolition teams,
reconnaissance facilities, and the special-
ized troops-the Marine Corps. Before,
during, and after an initial assault naval
guns and rocket launchers, in close co-
ordination with naval aircraft, are able
to devastatingly bombard enemy troops
and installations, and lend close strategi-
cal and tactical support to our own
ground forces in their advance to a de-
GUN CREW AT GENERAL QUARTERS ABOARD
THE CRUISER USS ST. PAUL
AN UNDERWATER DEMOLITION TEAM
BEACHING FOR ASSIGNMENT
THE CRUISER USS ALBANY UNDERWAY LOADING AN LCT FROM A TRANSPORT SHIP
MARINES IN LANDING CRAFT APPROACHING
A MOTHER SHIP
CONVOY IN THE CARIBBEAN SEA
NAVY JETS TAXIING TO CATAPAULT OFFICERS AT BATTLE STATIONS ABOARD THE CONVAIR XFY-1, HPOGO
THE SUBMARINE USS POMFRET STICK," READY FOR VERTICA
ROLE OF THE NAVY
Submarine and Anti-Submarine
The Navy's submarine forces, with a
history of outstanding performance in
W'orld Y'Var II, are ready to assume again
their vital task of offense or defense in
any mission assigned. And, as a defensive
measure, the Navy's "Hunter-Killer"
task units, composed of escort carriers,
blimps, and destroyers equipped with
newly developed electronic devices, are
training together as a team to track
down and destroy any undersea craft of
an aggressor DZIUOI1.
In addition to its function of denying
the use of the sea to an enemy, the Navy
now has the responsibility of lifting car-
go by sea for the supply of all the armed
services abroad, This problem seems to
become more enormous and complex
with each war. The Far Eastern opera-
tions are no exception as shown by the
fact that the cargo discharged in that
area has averaged more than sixty
pounds per man per day. This is well
above the World NVar II average of for-
ty-four pounds per man per day in any
theatre of operation. The tremendous
and ever-increasing task of logistical sup-
ply to overseas bases will always remain
a naval responsibility.
Superior Naval Strength
Through all its varied components,
the United States Navy exercises control
of the seas and the coastal areas bound-
ing them. All units of the fleet display
unrivaled flexibility and mobility and,
together, comprise a vast fighting poten-
tial-inimical to the interests of aggres-
sive-minded nations-and a powerful
safeguard of freedom.
In measuring our own capabilities
against a potential enemy, due apprecia-
tion must be taken of the factors of rel-
ative strength and weakness. We may,
for example, hnd ourselves comparative-
ly weak in manpower. XVe know happily
that we are superior in naval strength,
which includes the strength of naval avi-
It is axiomatic that in preparing for
any contest, it is wisest to exploit-not
neglectvthe elements in which we have
superior strength. X'Ve must lead from
strength-not from weakness. lVe should
"Accentuate The Positive."
Thus it is that a policy which pro-
vides for balanced development and co-
ordinated use of strong naval forces must
be fostered if we are, within the fore-
seeable future, to meet the challenge of
arms of the forces which seem to oppose
Trained Naval Personnel
The Navy's Hghting ships and aircraft
represent the results of America's 1T1OSt
advanced scientific research and devel-
opment. They are precision products of
American ingenuity and industry. But
scientihc research, improved equipment,
and new naval construction alone will
LAUNCHING THE USS NAUTILUS QSSN-5713, THE NAVY'S FIRST
ATOMIC POWERED SHIP
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USS BOXER ICVA-212 MOORED TO BUOY IN YOKOSUKA HARBOR, LARGE TRANSPORT SUPPLY SHIP PICTURED DURING
JAPAN WORLD WAR II.
not insure that the Navy can maintain
its present world leadership, The need
for highly trained and qualified person-
nel to man the ships and aircraft is now
greater than ever.
To meet this need, the Navy is con-
stantly revising and improving its many
and varied training programs and fa-
cilities in order to keep pace with mod-
ern educational and technical advance-
ments, and thus provide the highly
trained and qualified personnel required
to maintain and operate "The greatest
Navy the world has ever known."
The recruit of today differs somewhat
from his World IVar II counterpart. To-
day most of the men in recruit training
are under twenty years of age. These
men are young and impressionableg
many of them are entering the Navy
with dehnite intent to make the Navy
their career. It is of importance to the
Navy that these men get the best possible
start in their new venture. The transi-
tion from civilian to military life must
be smoothg indoctrination in the cus-
toms, traditions, and regulations of the
service must be thorough, basic Navy
knowledges and skills must be devel-
opedg pride in and love for the Navy
must be carefully cultivated. Especially
in time of peace must there be an in-
crease in the emphasis placed on the
mental, moral and social development of
the individual. He must be led to a de-
sire for self-improvement and advance-
ment, a realization of his status in and
importance to the Navy-a sense of be-
longingg and understanding of his place
in a democracy as a sailor and a citizen
-a fuller appreciation of the American
way of lifeg the adoption, for himself, of
high standards of responsibility, military
performance and conduct.
The Navy's stake in this enterprise is
tremendous. From these men will come
the petty officers, the warrant officers,
and some of the officers of the Navy of
the future. That Navy can be no better
than its men. The goals set forth above
are stated in terms of ideals, hence can
never be fully realized. But it is in
recruit training that progress toward
these goals must begin. And continued
progress, wherever these men may be
throughout the Navy, will ultimately
produce the strong, effective manpower
required for the most powerful Navy in
The information contained in this editorial, and in all other written presenta-
tions, features and captions appearing in this publication, was obtained from
official United States Navy sources.
The pictures illustrating this editorial are official United States Navy photo-
BLIMP SECURED TO THE DECK
OF A CARRIER
LOADING A TRANSPORT SHIP
UNLOADING SHIPS IN A FAR-EASTERN PORT.
TANKS ARE LOADED ABOARD ATTACK TRANS- TRUCK BEING LOADED ONTO A USS LST-Q0-74
PORT, USS YANCEY QAKA-931 AT SAN DIEGO ON GREEN BEACH AT IWON, KOREA
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CAPTAIN WILLIAM A. COCKELL
U. S. NAVY
Commander, Naval Training Center, Bainbridge, Maryland
CI.-XIVIKAIN W'll.I.lAM ARTHUR COCKICLI., USN, assumed
duties as Connnander, Naval Training Center, Bainbridge,
Maryland, on I5 September 1956. Upon the acceptance of
command he became the fourth Center Commander since the
Centers reactivation in February l95l.
A graduate of the l'nited States Naval Academy in 1928,
he has an unlimited amount of experience in all phases of
naval life and warfare including service in airships, battle-
ships, cruisers, destroyers and fleet oilers.
During World Xl'ar Il, Captain Cocltell was first awarded
a Letter of Commendation with authority to wear the Com-
mendation Ribbon, such authority being granted by the
Secretary of the Navy, for "exceptionally meritorious conduct
. . , as Training Ofhcer on the Stall' of Chief of Naval Air-
ship Training and Experimentation during the period I8
july 1943 to 25 May l944 . . An additional Letter of Com-
mendation was awarded him by the Secretary of the Navy for
services performed as Commanding Ofhcer of an Airship
Squadron, As Commanding Ollicer of a Destroyer, he was
awarded three Bronze Star Medals for "meritorious achieve-
ments" and "heroic service" for participation in the battles
lor the Philippine Islands, Corregidor, Okinawa and the
Kyushus. At the end of the war he was in command of
Destroyer Division IOS.
Prior to assuming duties as Center Commander, Captain
Cocltell's assignments have included command of the USS
C.Xl.lliNTE, the heavv cruiser FSS TOLEDO and Com-
mander, Fleet .Xirship XVing ONIZ.
In addition to the lkronrc Star Medal with two Gold Stars
and the Combat the Commendation Ribbon with Metal
Pendant, Captain Cockcll has received the American Defense
Service Medal with Fleet Claspg American Campaign Meclalg
Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medalg XN'orld I1Var II Victory Me-
dalg Navy Occupation Service Medalg National Defense Service
Medalg Korean Service Medalg United Nations Service Medal
and the Philippine Liberation Ribbon.
g , . , . ,
Q- -.. CAPTAIN WILLIAM J. CATLETT, JR.
U. S. NAVY
Commanding Officer, R
.YXPTA-XIN IVIl.l.l.XNl -IACKSON CI,X'I'l.lCTT,
IR., l'.S.N., Clonnnanding Officer ol' the Re-
cruit Training Clonnnand since 21 November 1953,
was graduated front the Naval ,XK'1lllQIlly in l932.
Following a tour of dutv aboard the FSS COLO-
RADO he reported to the Naval .Xir Station,
saeola, Florida, for flight training. .Xfter further
sea duty, he returned to Pensacola as a Navigation
Instructor in both flight and ground training ol
His war service included duty aboard the USS
PE.-XRYg he was eonnnended for aiding the
PEARYS escape from a three-hour hornh and tor-
pedo attack by japanese planes. He later served in
the oflice of the Chief' of Naval Operations and the
ecruif Training Command
office of the Director of .Xviation 'I'raining. Fo
ing stall' duty at the General l.ine School, Newp
R. l., and a tour of sea duty in the USS C
LOOSA, he served as Chief of Training for the
Xlilitary .Xir Transport Service.
Captain Catlett was the cilllllllllllllllllg' Ofliee
the attack cargo ship FSS DIPHIJQX prior to it
porting to Bainlmiidge, During his rareer he his
served in training of pilots, navigators and flig
personnel lor eight years, and the training of ofli
vers and enlisted inen on board ship and ashore
Ile was designated a Naval Aviation Obsei
fNavigationj in HHS and, among other awa
holds the ciOllIIIlCIICl2lIiOII Nledal Pendant.
COMMANDER NELSON C. BLIVEN
U. S. NAVY
Executive Officer, Recruit Training Command
OXINIXNIJIQR NELSON CI. ISLIYEN, ll.S.N.,
aminiiiul thuicls :is Executive Ollit-at on 1 Mau'
l95fl. Piiui' to IiClJOl'llIlg zihogirtl, hc haul 1'cc'mm11is
During XYm'lcl XY:u' ll, Clmiiiiiuiiclei' Bliven served
ziliozml the scqiplzuu- tciulci l'SS .-XI,BENlfXRL1i,
thc LIXEIIISIXJII USS ELORENCIE NlCH'1'lNG,XLE,
sioiictl :uul sci-veal tis Ctmiiiiziiuliiig Ollicci' ol' thc as Executive- Ollifci' ul the lI'llIlSlJOI'I USS STORM
tlestmy ci- l'SS SXIALLEY.
.Xlitci gi-guluzition lioui the XlZlSSllC'llllSCllS Nziuti-
utl Scliool with ai 'I'hi1'cl Nlzitds 1,ict-iisc iii .Xa
19-10, lixiviiig scrvccl two yexuis :ls at czulct on hozml
thc sclloolsliip N.XN'I'l'llKliT. xi tlilvc-iiizlstccl
SilllllliC1'igQCCl mailing vcsscl, hc' wats tmuiilisximictl
:ui Ensign. Xlcirliziiit Klzu-ine lxt-sci-xc. l'prm cc
plctioii ul' xi tout' ol. cluty its Clzulct Ollitci' lllSll'llC'lOl'
for the l'. S. Xlxiritiiiie Clmiiiiiissioii, hc xoliintecrccl
lm' zutivc uzivzil SCITIKC 111 Octohci' ll?-lil.
KING, amd pzu'tic'ipzuccl iii the invzisioiis ol' French
Xlo1'0c'r'o, Sicily, l.c'ytt', quul Iwo lima.
Post wzu' 2lSSlg'IlHlClllS hzivc iiuluclecl duty with
thc stall' ol' the Ceiicrzil Line School and the Rc-
cruit Tiuiniiig Cmmmizuicl, Newport, R. I., and :is
Executive Oflirci' ol' thc clestroyer USS FORREST
ROYAL. In hltiiiiigtry I9-16 he ezirnecl his Chief
KlatC's Liccnsc zuul iii Scptemhcr llllfi II'2lIlSliCl'l'Cll
to the Regulzu' Navy.
THE TRAINING CENTER EMBLEM, MAIN GATE
UNITED STATES NAVAL
HE Naval Training Center at Bainbridge came into
being when the former President of the United
States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, approved the site and
purchase of land and buildings from the Jacob Tome ln-
stitute in early 1942. This property, including build-
ings of the Tome School for boys, was enlarged by the
purchase of adjacent land which brought the total area
of Bainbridge to 1,132 acres. Bainbridge is located on
the northeast bank of the Susquehanna River, 35 miles
northeast of Baltimore and approximately 75 miles from
Hlashington and Philadelphia. This activity is under the
military command of the Commandant, FIFTH naval
District, whose headquarters are in Norfolk, Virginia.
President Roosevelt named the Training Center for
Commodore VVil1iam Bainbridge, commander of the
famous frigate "Constitution1' and founder of the first
naval training school.
The Center was first activated on October I, 1942,
and ten days later was in operation training recruits.
At the conclusion of hostilities on V-J Day, August 14,
1945, the Recruit Training Command had trained a
total of 244,277 recruits. From August 1945 to -Tune
1947 the training activities of the Center decreased due
to the eventual reduction in the strength of the Navy.
On June 311, 1947, Bainbridge was deactivated as a
Training Center. ln the summer of 19511, when the
Korean crisis made it necessary, plans were formulated
to reactivate the Center to provide men for the rapidly
expanding fleet and shore bases. On February 1, 1951,
Captain Robert Hall Smith, U.S.N., assumed command
of the Center.
ST. PAUL'S CHAPEL AND CENTER SALUTING BATTERY
The Naval Training Center, under the command of
the Center Commander, consists of four subordinate
activities, each under a Commanding Ofhcer. These ac-
tivities are: The U. S. Naval Administrative Command,
the Recruit Training Command, the Service School Com-
mand, and the U. S. Naval Hospital. The Administra-
tive Command serves as the staff of the Center Com-
mander in his direction and administration of the other
subordinate commands and performs for him all the
administrative, operational, and logistic functions not
specifically assigned to other commands. These various
functions include security, fire protection, supply, dis-
bursing, commissary, Navy Exchange, personnel, and
religious administration, medical and dental care, main-
tenance and repair, transportation, communications and
other vital services essential to the efficient and effective
operation of a community totaling approximately 35,1100
persons. A component activity of the Administrative
Command is the Dental Technicians School, the mission
of which is to provide graduated recruits and fleet per-
sonnel with the technical knowledge and training re-
quired to develop dental technicians for duty with the
fleet and shore based forces. The Recruit Training Com-
mand, the largest of the four subordinate commands, is
responsible for the administration of the Recruit Basic
Training Program the principles of which are to guide
the recruit in the transition from civilian to military
life, to introduce him to Navy life, naval customs, tradi-
tions, discipline and esprit de corps, and, by intensive
training and schooling, to fit him for naval service.
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HEADQUARTERS, RECRUIT TRAINING COMMAND
The facilities of the Recruit Training Connnand con-
sist of four large regiments. each named after naval
heroes - Rodgers, Perry. James and Barney. Each camp
is an entity in itself. - with its own drill hall, swimming
pool, rifle range, mess hall, drill field, classrooms. bar-
racks. and recreational facilities-and has the capacity
to berth. mess and train a regiment of 5.000 population.
All of the regiments are used to train regular male re-
cruits: one regiment camp contains special facilities for
training male recruits attached to the Recruit Prepara-
tory Training Unit and for male reserve recruits ordered
to active training duty for a period of two weeks, it also
contains the only XVAVE Recruit Training School in the
Navy. This school, previously located at the U. S. Naval
Training Center, Great Lakes. Illinois. was established
at Bainbridge in October of l95l.
The Service School Command. the third major ac-
tivity, provides further training for recruits and lleet
personnel in the technical knowledge of ratings required
by the operating forces, and prepares them for more ad-
vanced education and training in such special field as
gunnery. fire control, radio and other technical subjects.
A component activity of the Service School Command
is the United States Naval Academy Preparatory School
which, during the Fall and YVinter months prepares en-
listed men from all branches of the Armed Forces for
the entrance examination to the U. S. Naval Academy
at Annapolis, Maryland. During the Summer months
this School also trains and selects enlisted men of the
Navy and Marine Corps for entrance in the following
Fall to the Naval Reserve Ollicers Training Corps Pro-
gram at a college or university of their own choice.
The fourth major subordinate activity is the U. S.
Naval Hospital, a separate and detached command. The
Hospital provides medical and surgical facilities for the
proper care of all recruits, students. and permanently
assigned naval personnel of the Center and their de-
pendents. Operating in conjunction with the Hospital
is the Hospital Corps School, with about l,200 students.
whose function is to provide the technical knowledge
and training necessary to develop these young men into
Hospital Corpsmen for duty with the fleet and shore
VISITING OFFICER AT RECRUIT GRADUATION REVIEW
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MARCHING ON THE COLORS AT RECRUIT GRADUATION
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MASSING OF COMPANY FLAGS
PRESENTATION OF THE GEORGE WASHINGTON VALLEY FORGE FLAG
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It if men who mm! 1171412 the .ftrafegy mid make tbe ziecifion: if if men who mmf
build the 1L'6!ZZ'707Z.f1d7ZU? fbe C0lI77fC'1'7lZC'll.VIl7'C',f for lbofe 1zfeapo1z.r,' it if men who mm!
remain .remitire to the .rciemific fonflv, mfpofzfz' fo the fzezveff c1'efzti01z.r.' fz'ijjIere1zliaze
belweefz the good amd the bac! om! exploif the good: iz if men who mm! mzfe orderf
om! take aftion: bm above all, if if men-mevz of the flee!-who will 1l'j7Z om' fzztnre
bullies by working together zrizb .fleill and embfffiomz l01Lf'lZ7'6?I 4 common goal.
Admiifpzl Arleigh A. Burke. U.S,N.
Chief of Noon! Opemtiom
A SINCERE WELCOME TO SERVE!
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PON his arrival at the Receiving Unit, the new recruit completes
the primary paper work most necessary for the initial administra-
tion of his training. Here he is given complete medical and dental
eicaminations, inocularions, and a real "crew" haircut. He then receives
a full seabag of Navy uniforms and accessories, all of which are care-
fully checked by trained personnel in order to insure a comfortable fit.
After completing a battery of aptitude and classification tests,'he is
finally channeled into a newly-formed company under the command of
a Chief or First Class Petty Officer.
Each company commander-especially selected for his demonstrated
leadership abilities, professional qualities, and service experience-stays
with his men from the time the company is formed to the day they gradu-
ate and complete their basic training. Because of his influence on im-
pressionable recruits, his attitude determines the attitude of those under
him. lt's a 24-hour-a-day job for the best petty officers the Navy can mus-
ter. To the recruits serving under him, he is a parent, guardian, and
teacher-all rolled into one.
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Fr iff yifggs? clvlLlAN HISTORY...
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NOTHING IS TAKEN FOR GRANTED
BLOOD PRESSURE . . .
EAR EXAMINATION . . . V
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THE FIRST MEASUREMENT ACCURACY IS MOST IMPORTANT
BEGINNINGS OF A FULL SEABAG
WHITE BLOUSES ARE CHECKED ALLOWANCE IS MADE FOR GAIN IN WEI
SQUARED FOR THE FIRST TIM
EVERY ITEM IS STENCILLED
URING the first day of in-processing, a
vital phase of Navy life-that of Classi-
fication-begins. By means of a battery
of aptitude and other tests, followed later by per-
sonal interviews, each recruit's previous training
and education, past experience, skills, aptitude,
motivation and personal interests are explored,
analyzed and considered in relation to Navy jobs.
The end result of this classification process is the
eventual assignment of a recruit upon graduation
to a general detail with further on-the-job train-
ing, or to a technical school for training in special-
ized lields. Whatever the assignment, the classifi-
cation procedure insures that-within the practi-
cal limits of modern personnel selection tech-
niques-each individual is channeled into a billet
wherein he will be able to contribute his utmost
toward the accomplishment of the Navy's mission.
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The mary if only ay good 4:1 in 7710711 nm! the fuzzy 1'z?L'7'l!fZ,f and 17111121 Ill men. There-
fore 1'ew'11izi1zg anal feefzliitmevzz me frilal cofzcerm of all offifefdr and men, imzctire and
retired who wmzl zbe awry to have mme fm! the ben on iff team,
Vice Arlmiml Jamey L. Hollouffzy, jr.
Chief of Naval Permmzel
HE recruit is first assisted in effecting a transition from
civilian to Navy life during his period of Indoctrination.
It is an integral part of this orientation program to instill
a sense of self-respect and pride in achievement. During the first
week of a recruit's training he is told by his commanding officer:
"We expect you to grow physically and mentallyg but also moral-
ly and spiritually. The opportunity for individual achievement,
you will find, is one of the underlying, fundamental Freedoms
of American Democracy."
To better his understanding of the government and country
he has sworn to defend, the recruit participates in practical citi-
zenship training. He is alerted to Navy Regulations and rules of
conductg he begins his study of the Uniform Code of Military
justice by which all personnel in the Armed Forces today are
guided and protected.
lt is here that the recruit becomes acquainted with the customs,
traditions, and courtesies of the U. S. Navyg their importance is
explained in the Commanding Officer's Welcome Aboard Talk:
"Good manners are an expression ofthe golden rule-their ob-
servance and application are a hundred fold more necessary in
the Navy than in civilian life."
The new recruit understands that he has barely skimmed the
surface of nautical "know hown, but realizes that he is beginning
to build for himself a firm foundation upon which to base his
advancement to a station of respect as a man who has achieved
coniidence in himself through belief in God and country.
WEEKLY TEST IN PROGRESS
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EXECUVON 'WF Slllljfi
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We are faced today with an incomparable opportanity and challenge. A oaxt horizon
of new developmentf in niiclear power, electroniw, guided miffilef, and other com-
plex new weaponf it rapidly itnfolding. To maintain oar coantry'f naval fapremacy,
Jhipyardf, lahoratorief, and other yield actioitief mint haften to exploit there new
fieldy. We are not only modernizing an exifting fleet, we are hailding the new navy
Rear Admiral A. G. Mamma, U.S.N.
Chief. Bitreait of Ship!
1. o I
HE usefulness of a Navy rests primarily upon
the fact that it can use its offensive and defen-
sive weapons effectively at sea. Inasmuch as most
seamen usually become members of a naval gun crew,
it is essential that a recruit in basic training gain a fun-
damental knowledge of the weapons and ammunition
he is most likely to encounter while serving at sea.
Lectures and classroom instruction are held and wide
use is made of models, mock-ups and motion pictures of
naval guns in action. Practical demonstrations and par-
ticipation of the recruit in actual gun and loading drills
predominate. Safety precautions are strongly stressed
in every period of instruction and strictly enforced in
Each recruit is also taught the nomenclature and use
of various small arms including the Garand CM-ID
rifle, Carbine, Thompson submachine gun, Browning
automatic rifle, and the .45 caliber automatic pistol. In
addition, he actually fires the .22 caliber rifle marks-
manship course on the small-bore indoor range.
TEAM WORK ON A 4OMM LOADING MACHINE
ANTI-AIRCRAFT GUNS ARE FULLY EXAMINED AND THE IMPORTANCE
OF PROPER TECHNIQUES IS DEMONSTRIATED ON GUN MOUNTS
EXPLANATION OF CODE MARKINGS ON PROJECTILES
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There is exacting instruction and rigid observation of safety
precautions on the hring range. Practical experience is obtained
through actual firing of .22 caliber rifles.
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PROPER BALANCE OF WEAPON SITTING POSITION
PROPER SLING ADJUSTMENT PRONE POSITION
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EACH MAN IS ISSUED A RIFLE FOR DRILL PURPOSES
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STRIPPING AND CLEANING SERVICE RIFLES REPAIRING A GUARD BELT
CROSS SECTIONS OF PROJECTILES ARE CLOSELY EXAMINED
1 A L
Traditionally, it haf heen the Navy? privilege to Jhow the flag around the world-in
the great porn of friendly countries and to rernoze oizlpoxtf of the Jeven fear. Wherever
navy fhipy have dropped anchor the Jlar-fpangled Jrandard of hope and freedom haf
The Honorahle jarnef H. Smith, jr.
Affiytant Seerezfary of the Navy
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, I SEAMANSHIP
matter what his technical specialty may be, every Navy man
must nrst be a real sailor and a competent Seaman.
In recruit training, the new Navy man is taught the rudiments
of seamanship and closely associated subjects. Here he learns umarline-
spike seamanshipu--how to select, use, knot, splice and care for lines
and ropes. He also becomes acquainted with the nomenclature of a ship
-learning the names and locations of all structural parts, the compart-
ments, and the many and varied fittings found aboard a modern naval
As part of his seamanship training, the recruit is made familiar with
common deck gear, ground tackle, mooring procedures, and the types
and uses of various small craft. He practices elementary signalling, op-
erates battle telephones, and learns the important duties and responsi-
bilities of a lookout.
Finally, participation with his shipmates in general drills on board
a mock ship not only enables him to put his newly formed skills into
practice as an individual, but also teaches him the vital necessity of co-
ordinated group action in routine evolutions as well as in the event of
A COMPLETE FAMILIARIZATION WITH THE
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DEMONSTRATION OF MAGNETIC COMPASS
INTERIOR DESIGN OF' A SHIPIS REQUIRED
ENGINE ORDER TELEGRAPH
INSTRUCTION IN MARLINESPIKE SEAMANSHIP
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THE RECRUIT TRAINING SHIP COMMODORE
STEADY AS SHE GOES! FLAG BAG
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HOW TO USE A HEAVING LINE
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HEAVE IN ON THE BOW SPRING
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MOORING LINES READY TO RUN OUT
SQUARE AWAY THE BOAT LINES
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DOUBLE UP ALL LINES
COIL THE EXTRA LINE ON DECK
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VISUAL SIGNALING PRACTICE
THIS IS A SOUND POWERED TELEPHONE
SPEAK LOUDLY AND CLEARLY!
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THE MANY ITEMS USED
FOR FIGHTING FIRES
SOME CLASSES ARE HELD
IN THE FIELD
HE Navy realizes the tremendous poten-
tial of fire, both in peace and war, and
has taken countermeasures by establish-
ing an effective fire-fighting training program
throughout the service. Accordingly, an intro-
ductory experience in actual fire-fighting is
given to every recruit in basic training.
First, he is taught the simple chemistry of
fire so that he will understand the nature of
the various kinds of fire. Then, he is thor-
oughly instructed in the use of each piece of
the highly specialized Navy fire fighting equip-
ment, and in the battle-tested methods em-
ployed in' combating all kinds of fire, both
afloat and ashore.
After thorough indoctrination in the equip-
ment, operating techniques, and safety pre-
cautions he-together with his shipmates in
small groups and guided by experienced per-
sonnel-actually extinguishes raging oil and
gasoline fires in simulated shipboard com-
partments, various structures, and a mock air-
Included in this area of instruction is the
presentation of the elements of gas warfare
and radiological damage control. Each recruit
is acquainted with factual data concerning the
major effects of an atomic explosion and is
shown how potential damage to personnel can
be greatly reduced by planned action.
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PRELIMINARY CONNECTIONS TRYING OUT THE NAVY ALL-PURPOSE NOZZLE
PROPER TACTICS FOR... SUBDUINGA BLAZING FIRE
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WILD HOSE DEMONSTRATION, A LESSON
IN SAFETY PRECAUTION
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MOCK-PLANE FIRE EFFICIENTLY SMOTHERED BY FOAM THE HANDY-BILLY
THE GAS MASK
A VERY REAL TEST
CAREFULLY CLEANING A GAS MASK
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LAST MINUTE INSTRUCTIONS ON THE FIELD
ON BOARD SHIP, LIVES ARE SAVED
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Firxt and foremoyt, you have in our armed forcef the fineJt navy in the world. Ship
for fhip, plane for plane, gun for gun and man for man, there if no equal in quality
the world ooer, The fleet if what the American people, through their elected reprefen-
tatioe, want it to he. It if a hue fleet-a modern fleet, eager to tahe on any affigned taxis.
Admiral jerault Wright, U.S.N.
Commander-in-Chief, Atlantic Fleet
and Supreme Allied Commander, Atlantic
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SOUND mind in a sound body is one of the basic
aims of recruit training. A Navy man must be
physically fit to withstand the rigors of a sea-
going life, he must be a qualified swimmer who can safe-
ly leave a sinking ship and live to fight again, and he
must have developed, through athletic competition, a sense
of fair play, a team spirit, and a fighting heart.
Integrated into the recruit curriculum and considered
of equal importance with academic work, the physical
training program has, as its main objectives: the devel-
opment of good posture, muscular coordination, strength,
ability and endurance in recruits. These objectives are
met through many physical activities including calis-
thenics, confidence course, boxing, wrestling and other
combative sports, swimming and sea survival and first aid.
All of a recruit's physical training is not regimented.
The Navy recognizes the value of recreational athletics.
In addition to his participation in the competitive com-
pany, battalion, regimental, and brigade scheduled sports
activities, the recruit is encouraged to engage voluntarily
in spontaneous games of an athletic nature in his free
time, and adequate facilities and competent supervisors
are provided for his convenience and enjoyment while
exercising at play in his own area.
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FUNDAMENTALS IN FIRST AID FORM A NATURAL PART OF TRAINING
The USS FORRESTAL if more than a deterent againft nnclear war, Thix chip Jymholizef
oar c0antry'J determination to defend the free world hy difcoaraging in the planning
Jtage, any effort to achieve altimate victory hy piecemeal aggreuion ..., If oar way
of life if to Jareive, we maft maintain thefe two alternate military poftarey: The firft
if to maintain a powerful and relatizfely inzfalnerahle reprifal force which will .fignal
a potential enemy to ftop, look, and liften hefore he rifhf an all-oat atomic war. The
fecond if to inmre that we oifrfelzfef will not he forced to change the character of a
limited war hecaaie of fear of itltimate defeat in a Jerief of them.
The Honorahle Iamef H. Smith, jr.
Aniftant Secretary of the Navy
ILITARY drill, as well as physi-
cal drill with arms, plays an im-
portant part in bringing a re-
cruit's mind and body up to that high
standard of mental and physical stamina
demanded by naval duties-afloat or
ashore-in times of peace or of war.
Physically a recruit develops military
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through individual muscular coordination
necessitated by the vigorous activities com-
prising military drill. Mentally, he learns
the real meaning of self-discipline, devel-
ops a keen respect for leadership, and
forms healthy and lasting habits of in-
stantaneous reponse to commands from
those in authority.
Through the medium of competitive
military drill, inspections and reviews,the
recruit soon develops a real understanding
of the importance of team work and a
realization of his responsibilities to him-
self, his shipmates, and his unit. And he
learns that any unit which is imbued with
an indomitable "esprit de corps" is invari-
ably a winner.
VALLEY FORGE FLAG
THE GEORGE WASHINGTON VALLEY
FORGE FLAG if a replica of the perfonal flag
of General George Washington as Commander-
In-Chief of the Continental Army and war
flown before his tent during the winter at
Valley Forge and throughout the conflictx of
the American Revolution.
Compared of thirteen fix pointed stars, ar-
ranged on a held of blue to follow the liner
of the crorrer of St. George and St. Andrew,
the emblem of England, thir famour old Jtand-
ard ir raid to be the Jource of the Jtarr in our
It is presented each week to the graduating
company ranking highert in all phares of com-
petition throughout its entire period of training.
PHYSICAL DRILL WIT
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DRILL OFFICER ABOUT TO MAKE AN INSPECTION-PRESENT ARMS jf
BATTALION COMMANDERS INSPECTION f
POSITION OF READY DIAGONAL LUNGE
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WEEKLY feature of Recruit Training is the Gradu-
ation Review each Saturday on Rodgers Parade Field.
Here, in traditional military pomp and ceremony, the
graduating recruits take their departure from the first phase of
their naval careers.
Prior to the actual commencement, the Command Drill Of-
ficer explains the review in an address to visiting relatives and
The review is conducted by recruits without assistance from
Battalion or Company Commanders. It begins with the ren-
dition of honors to the Reviewing Ollicer, generally a senior
officer from this command or from another branch of the
Armed Services, and includes mass military drill, special per-
formances by the Band, Drum and Bugle Corps, and both
Wave and Male Drill teams.
THE RECRUIT BAND IN REVIEW
MILITARY HONORS RENDERED TO A REVIEWING OFFICER
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DRUM AND BUGLE CORPS PRESENTS
MARCH'ING ON THE COLORS PASSING' IN REVIEW
MASSING OF THE FLAGS PRECISION PERSONIFIED-THE DRILL TEAM
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I AMERICAN SPIRIT
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HONOR MEDAL PRESENTATION
HE American Spirit Honor Medal is a medallion offered
and provided by the Citizens Committee for the Army,
Navy and Air Force, Inc., of New York, N. Y. The Ameri-
can Spirit Honor Medal has been accepted by the Department
of Defense for use as an award to enlisted personnel who, while
undergoing basic training, display outstanding qualities of leader-
ship best expressing the American Spirit-Honor, Initiative, Loy-
alty, and High Example to Comrades in Arms. This medallion
has also been accepted by the Department of Defense for the pro-
motion of closer ties between the Armed Services and the Civil
Communities of the continental United States in which the
Armed Services establishments are located.
REAR ADMIRAL JOHN M. HOSKINS, AMERICAN
SPIRIT OF HONOR MEDAL PRESENTATION
REVIEWING OFFICER PRESENTS AMERICAN SPIRIT HONOR MEDAL AND
HONOR MAN CERTIFICATES
Tbc bard Jzffzfggle in build a modem. 11z1clem'-age wzy hm jzrsf begun. Tlyix xrmggle
will take all lfae mgwzzzily, all the effnff. all the ik!!! Ifmr we can mzzfzer . . . am' mzzfy
has 4zl'zc'ayJ aziaplef! the 711011 pmzwfffl zzwpofzy of zbe fime lo ,rbiplfoard me. Tfaiy
applief 110142 It will dppfy 20 the mixyilc em ahead.
Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, U.S.N,
Chief of Nam! Opemtiom
NE phase of each recruit's basic training is devoted
to practical experience in the routine chores of mess-
cooking, housekeeping, and general maintenance
under the careful supervision of Well trained and experienced
petty officers. During his service training period the recruit
learns 'iby doing" how to perform his share of the routine
tasks that maintain the fighting readiness of personnel and
equipment, and make a ship or station a healthy, happy place
in which to live.
Mess-cook details put into practice the principles of proper
food handlingg cleaning details exercise sanitation tech-
niques which have been taught in classes conducted by
specialists of the Hospital and Medical Service Corps. Crews
of recruits assigned to Masters-at-Arms perform a variety
of stevedoring, maintenance and cleaning jobs, all of which
are duplicated on board any ship or station of the Naval
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Thif page if dedicated to the thowandf of mothem who have baked cakef and pie!
and ,rent them to their miir. In the navy there if nothing like a package from home.
LARGE percentage of a recruit's time is spent in and around his bar-
racks. Here the man is first taught, together with his shipmates, how
to live in a limited amount of space in a harmonious and yet comfort-
able manner. Here, also, is stressed the importance of cleanliness of personnel
and barracks, and the necessity for good personal conduct and considerate man-
ners, all of which are most essential in promoting the morale, dignity, integ-
rity and physical well-being of men serving together under the rigorous con-
ditions of naval life.
In his barracks the new Navy man is instructed in the purpose and impor-
tance of watch standing, and is impressed with the necessity for being con-
stantly alert while performing his responsible duties as a Sentry.
Daily inspections of recruits and of the barracks area are made to insure
that the high standards of cleanliness and conduct are being properly met. The
recruit soon learns how to wash and care for his many articles of clothing and
personal gear, and how to stow them properly in a seabag or a shipboard-type
It is in his barracks, too, that the recruit learns much about Navy life from
his company commander, it is here that he does much of his' out-of-class
studying. Receiving mail, writing letters, engaging in conversation and other
fraternal activities are important highlights of his barracks life.
CLOTHES ARE WASHED EVERY DAY
RECRUIT EDUCATIONAL PETTY
OFFICER HOLDING AN ALL-IMPORTANT
REVIEW OF CLASSROOM INSTRUCTION
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HE Navy recognizes that every means must be exer-
cised to strengthen the moral, spiritual and religious
lives of naval personnel. All commanding officers are
directed to insure that all personnel are reached by group
instruction and by personal interview on all matters that
promote the realization and development of these values
consistent with religious beliefs of the individual con-
In order to insure that the opportunity of continuing
the religious practices and tradition of his home life is
present, chaplains of the major faiths and denominations
are assigned to each regiment of recruits in training. Vol-
untary classes of religious instruction are held regularly at
times when all personnel are free to attend.
Closely allied to the religious program is the character
and moral guidance series of lectures presented by the
chaplains. These men, with years of experience in the naval
service, both afloat and ashore, are particularly well quali-
fied for this most important task. ln a course of lectures,
the recruit is acquainted with the many and perplexing
problems which will confront him during his Navy career,
and is shown the right and wrong solutions to eachi
Thus, with his ideals and convictions strengthened and
bolstered by a strong religious and moral foundation, the
new Navy man is better prepared to serve his God and
his Country with distinction, honor, loyalty and devotion
-not only as a sailor, but also as a citizen.
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JEWISH SERVICES PROTESTANT SERNIICES
ROMAN CATHOLIC AND PROTESTANT SERVICES
ARE HELD IN REGIMENTAL DRILL HALLS
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The development of aircraft and miffilex haf contributed enormoufly to yea f70'L0'67',J'
increafing importance-nauief are increafing in importance ay nation! make the rezfolu-
tional tranxition from oil to nuclear energy, from TNT to nuclear zvarheadf, from con-
ventional projectilef to guided and hallixtic 77Zl.f,fll6J, from Juhfonic to Juperfonic aircraft
-nauief are more important to our furuizfal af free nationf than they have ever been
Admiral Arleigh A. Burke, U,S.N.
Chief of Naval Operationy
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O maintain peak efficiency throughout his period of basic train-
ing, each recruit must have a proportionate amount of work,
sleep, and play. Recreation, therefore, becomes a vital. part of his
training. A staff of experienced officers and chief petty officers, to-
gether with civilian librarians and recreation directors, works constant-
ly to provide relaxation, amusement and entertainment for the recruit
during his off-duty hours.
Perhaps the most popular type of recreation afforded the recruit is
the recruit dance held each month in a regimental drill hall, Senior
companies of recruits play host to the recruit WAVES and to USO
junior hostesses from adjacent communities. USO chaperones, duty
officers and officers and their wives attached to the command are pres-
ent to help everyone enjoy the affair. A recruit dance orchestra pro-
vides the music, free refreshments are available to all throughout
A recreation building in each regimental area provides many facili-
ties for relaxation. Here the recruit may bowl, play ping-pong, bil-
liards, pool and other games, enjoy television and radio or listen to a
variety of records. An attended library of books and current maga-
zines and a comfortable reading room, are available to him. In addition,
a Navy Exchange store, snack bar and soda fountain are open for his
At frequent intervals, variety shows, name bands and USO shows
visit the command to entertain the recruits, each Saturday and
Sunday evening the latest movies are shown in the regimental drill
halls. For the hobbyist there is a well equipped hobby shop where the
interested recruit may work in leather, metals, wood, plastics or model
Best of all, perhaps, are those visiting days when the recruit may
entertain his family and friends at the Recreation Center, or, in the
summer, enjoy eating an outdoor lunch with them in the picnic area.
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29 Sepfember l 956
l0 December l956
J. R. CHANDLER, MMI
, E, V p
H. E. Basore
R. C. Beissel
Dee F. Bennett
H. D. Bennett
John E. Boyd
W. L. Boyle
Richard C. Bruns
F. E. Buckley
John E. Cahill
Burns E. Cameron
R. J. Clark, Jr.
R. A. Cleaveland
P. C. Clement
David H. Davis
R. J. Davis
L. A. Delano
C. L. Demaree, Jr.
George M. Denton
E. A. Dion
J. W. Donlin
A. W. Erickson, Jr.
R. L. Fiddler
R. A. Frafanwono
D. T. Fuller
Martin G. Gack
Nicholas Gal asso
J. P. Gallagher
Paul P. Gillen
F. J. Gorefski
D. E. Headen
J. J. Henderson
A. W. Imor
J. R. Jackson, Jr.
Thomas E. Jones
L. I. King, Jr.
J. J. Kowalski, Jr
E. R. Loszewicki
files' 1. we
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R. W. Liehr
J. E. Linneball
G. T. Lowenberg
L. W. Martin
J. D. McCarthy
Daniel H. McKay
J. T. McNcfr, Jr.
Joseph P. Mills
Walter G. Mosher
John M. Nolan
J. D. O'Connor
Martin C. Olsen
J. F. Onislck
J. F. O'Rourke, J
Joseph M. Pulley
osrfh R. Msn.-,Y
R. H. Parks, Jr.
co.: w. Peebles
R. J. Revelen
Thomas M. Ritter
John F. Roca
J. J. Sapienza
Robert E. Smith
T. H. Spiftler
Richard J. Spofa
F. L. Sturniolo
Jim A. Sullivan
R. L. Vance
Louis P. Versocr
F. J. Wagner
R. N Walfman
Edward J. Wosnak
Phillip D. Yoffe
James R. Roots
W. C. Walsh
C. L. Scoti
L. E. Monaghan
W. A. Strong
D. H. McKay, SR, Company Honormun
THE NAVY A A CAREER
GUIDED MISSILEMAN IGSI
FIRE CONTROL TECHNICIAN IFTI
GUIDED MISSILEMAN IGFI
FIRE CONTROL TECHNICIAN IAQI
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN IATI
STRUCTURAL MECHANIC IAMI
ELECTRICIAN'S MATE IAEI
BOATSWAIN'S MATE IABI
AEROGRAPHER'S MATE IAGI
AIR CONTROLMAN IACI
AVIATION STOREKEEPER IAKI
AVIATION MACHINIST'S MATE IADI
PARACHUTE RIGGER IPRI
ELECTRONICS TECHNICIAN IETI
TORPEDOMAN'S MATE ITMI
BOATSWAIN'S MATE IBMI
GUNNER'S MATE IGMI
ELECTRICIAN'S MATE IEMI
INTERIOR COMMUNICATIONS ELECTRICIAN IICI
CONSTRUCTION ELECTRICIAN ICTI
MACHINIST'S MATE IMMI
MACHINERY REPAIRMAN IMRI
DAMAGE CONTROLMAN IDCI
PIPE FITTER IFPI
DENTAL TECHNICIAN IDTJ
MACHINE ACCOUNTANT IMAI
DISBURSING CLERK IDKI
SHIP'S SERVICEMAN ISHI
HOSPITAL CORPSMAN IHMI
METALSMITH IMEI '
OSI' enlisted personnel enter the naval
service as Seaman Recruits. After their
initial training, the varied aspects of which are
pictured in this book, they are qualified to take
advantage of many tangible career opportunities
presented by the Navy Rating System.
The term "rating" applies to groups of Navy
occupational duties which require essentially the
same aptitudes, training, experience, skills, and
physical and mental abilities. Wlithin the rating
there are "rates" which indicate a man's pay grade
and his level ol' experience, knowledge, and re-
sponsibility. The general principles of the rating
system evolved during the Navy's l50-odd years
of existence, the details of its structure were
worked out by ollicers, enlisted men, and civilians
experienced in personnel management. In itself
it contributes much to morale by providing a real
incentive for the enlisted men through its rec-
ognition of distinct occupations and in its pro-
gram for steady advancement.
All Seaman Recruits QSRQ who are graduated
from recruit training are automatically advanced
to Seaman Apprentice QSM. Aboard a ship or
station, the apprentice receives additional train-
ing in general seamanship and related work and.
after six months, become eligible for promotion
to Seaman CSMQ. By this time he has become
interested in the duties performed by personnel
in a specialty rating and from then on he is
promoted in a particular rating such as are seen
on these pages. Having received promotions
through third, second, and hrst class petty oflicer.
a man becomes eligible for advancement to chief
petty oflicer. the highest enlisted rate of his occu-
pational line of work. From there. career steps
in all ratings lead to one of twelve warrant oflicer
billets or to a commission as an olhcer in a limited
Promotion and pay are subjects close to the
heart of every Navy man and the objectives of
this system for advancement can be stated very
simply: to provide qualified personnel in each
The Navy uses large numbers of meters and gauges, watches, clocks,
typewriters, adding machines, etc. To maintain these many and
varied machines in good working order, Instrumentmen UMD of great
skill are required.
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Modern Navy aircraft have increased the range of naval weapons
from a few miles to hundreds of miles. They carry guns, bombs,
torpedoes, and rockets to attack the enemy on the sea, under the
sea, in the air, and on the land. The specialists responsible for the
perfect working order of all armament on Navy planes are the
Aviation Ordnancemen KAOJ.
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The safety of ships at sea depends to a great extent on skillful
navigation: on the vigilance with which Iookouts are maintained:
and on the proficiency with which signals are exchanged with other
ships and with the shore. The Quartermaster CGM? performs or as-
sists in the performance of these duties.
Radar is used extensively in navigation and maneuvering, in recog-
nition and identification, in searching for and following the move-
ments of other ships and aircraft. The responsibility of the Radar-
man IRDJ is to operate this equipment and to interpret the infor-
mation received from it.
Much of the credit for the good health of Navy personnel is due to
the work of the Hospital Corpsmen fl-IMJ. They are the Navy's phar-
macists, medical technicians, and first aid men.
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rate in accordance with the needs of the service:
to give the individual incentive to improve his
performance: and, to build morale.
Basic to the system of advancement are the
needs of the service. A properly balanced crew
consisting of the multitude of ratings necessary to
man a fighting ship can only be effective if each
man holding a rate can do the job expected.
Next in importance is the spark of incentive
which is needed in training, discipline, and ca-
reer planning. Promotions are controlled so that
they offer a reward to the man who successfully
prepares himself for the next higher rate, and
who is willing and able to accept responsibility.
The third major objective is the building of
morale. Every conscientious man must be made
to feel that eventual advancement is open to
him at a speed commensurate with his ability
and demonstrated performance.
Eligibility standards provide control of the
quality of personnel advanced and it is these
standards which present an equal opportunity for
each man to best take advantage of his position -
besides the vocational training in the schools and
on-the-job, there are numerous training manuals
published by the Navy for all the ratings and all
personnel are urged to study these manuals in
order to prepare themselves for early advance-
Furthermore, there are opportunities in the
Navy to complete a perhaps interrupted civilian
education, begin or further college training, or
obtain a working knowledge of other vocations.
Any of these aims can be realized through the
hundreds of courses available to every Navy man
through the United States Armed Forces Institute.
college correspondence courses, General Educa-
tional Development tests, and classroom work.
These pages give only a glimpse of the variety
and types of career vocations which the Navy
offers to those who are willing to recognize and
take advantage of the opportunities.
Naval activities in peace and war are carefully recorded visually
by means of motion pictures and still photographs taken by skilled
Photographer's Mates KPHJ.
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IFE at sea, assignment to ships and squadrons, l'XVhere do we go from
here?" are natural thoughts and questions in the rninds ol' ex-rerruits.
Their lives will he enriched by exposure to other cultures and peoples, lor
the sun never sets on the ships ol the U. S. Navy. From the Arctic' to the
Antarctic, from Marseille to Sydney, in all oceans and seas. in all types ol
ships hoth large and small, the missions ol the Navy are heing performed.
On these pages we have shown a lew typieal pictures ol' the ships ol' our
Navy performing their assigned duties. Some ol' the ships are assigned to
oversea fleets on a rotation hasisf-those assigned to the Sixth Fleet cover
the Nlediterranean Sea, others ol the Seventh steam through the Hlestern
Pacihc, while still other ships on independent duty such as ice hreakers, hy,
drographir' survey ships and net tenders cruise to isolated ports which seldom
see a ship. All types ol' fomhatant vessels may he inrluded on good-will tours
to sueh diverse and interesting countries as Australia, Brafil, Pakistan and
Denmark. It would he very dillicult, indeed, lor a sailor not to see the world.
A FANIILIAR SIGHT TO THOSE
WHO SPENT LIBERTY IN JAPAN
SIGHTSEEING IN LISBON,
THE CARRIER USS MIDWAY IN
THE FIRTH OF CLYDE,
ON LIBERTY WHILE STATIONED
NAVY MEN ON LEAVE IN RANGOON, BURMA
A HOSPITAL SHIP IN A PACIFIC OCEAN PORT
AN ATTACK TRANSPORT ENTERING PEARL HARBOR
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OPERATION AND SQUADRON ACTIVITIES
AT TANAPES, SAIPAN
T this time, the chances for becoming a com-
missioned olhcer have never been better. The
traditional path is through the Naval Academyg how-
ever, in addition there are now several programs in
which enlisted personnel may prepare themselves for
commissioned status. It is not necessary that appli-
cants have college training to meet the requirements
of some of the programs and there are certain cases
where even men without high school diplomas may
Ol' the programs and schools ollered, the Naval
Academy, the Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps,
the Naval Aviation Cadet program, the Officer Can-
didate School and the Aviation Ofricer Candidate
program are open at the present time.
The U. S. Navy and the U. S. Marine Corps obtain
most of their career oflicers from two sources, the
Naval Academy at Annapolis, Maryland, and the
Naval Reserve Oflicer Training Corps units which are
established in many of the leading colleges and uni-
versities throughout the United States. The U. S.
Naval Academy provides four years of college train-
ing leading to a commission in the Regular Navy or
Marine Corps. Admission is gained by competitive
examination among enlisted personnel in the naval
service or by Presidential or Congressional appoint-
ment. Those who successfully pass the examination
are transferred to the Naval Academy Preparatory
School which is located at the U. S. Naval Training
Center, Bainbridge, Maryland. lt is the purpose ol
this school to prepare the applicant for the competi-
USS Wisconsin fires u National gun salute near Lisbon during
Midshipmen practice squadron cruise.
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.Iohn Walter Meadows, Chief Quartermaster, U.S. Navy, was born
in 1921 in Huntington, NVest Virginia. After high school he was en-
listed in the Navy and underwent recruit training at Norfolk, Virginia.
Chief Meadows spent his hrst years at sea on board the aircraft
carriers USS Yorktown and the USS Ranger after which he served
aboard a sub chaser in the Caribbean and in the southwestern Pacific.
During 1Vorlti 1Var ll, he participated in campaigns on Rabaul and
the Admiralty Islands and also in numerousamphibious landings dur-
ing the battle for the Solomon Islands.
Since 19415, Chief Meadows served on the destroyer USS Dickson
and the USS Power which was then on a tour of duty with the United
Nations' Forces in Palestine. He was later assigned a year's duty on 1
an experimental gunnery ship and during the Korean conflict was
again aboard a destroyer, the USS Renshaw.
Chief Meadows was promoted to Chief Petty Oflicer in 1941. He
has been an instructor in the Recruit Traininf Conunand for ab-
. . . 5. .. 1
proximately three years and lives nearby with his wife and eleven
y ear old da ugh ter.
Lieutenant Commander Mack D. Ellis, U.S. Navy, at present serving
as the Brigade Commander in the Recruit Training Command, was
enlisted in the Navy at Birmingham, Alabama, in March 19335. His
first duty assignment after completing recruit training was the heavy
cruiser USS Pensacola. During his three years on the Pensacola, he
was assigned duties in the deck and navigation departments.
In 1936 Mr. Ellis was transferred to the sea-going tug USS Kalmia
and in 1941 was appointed Chief Quartermaster. ln .luly 19-12 he was
commissioned an Ensign in the regular Navy and assigned to com-
munications duty with the Commander, Amphibious Force, .Xtlantic
Fleet. Later, in 1913, he was ordered to the Landing Ship Tank-212
as Commanding Officer and for two years operated in the Mediter-
ranean and liuropean theatre where he earned the Bronze Star with
the Combat "Vl'.
Since 1Vorld lVar ll, Mr. lillis has had duty on both the west and
east coasts and as Executive Officer and Commanding Officer of a
Repair Ship QLanding Crafty. 1-le also served as Commanding' Officer
of Enlisted Personnel at the Naval Ordnance Test Station, lnyokern,
China Lake, California, and most recently as Commanding Officer of
the Landing Ship Tank-1166.
Lloyd W. Beeby, Gunner's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy, was born
in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and completed his high school training
there before enlisting in the Navy. He underwent recruit training at
the Naval Training Center, Sampson, New York, in 19113.
During Xllorld XVar ll, Beeby served on board the experimental
destroyer escort USS Foss. Later, during the Korean conflict, he was
assigned to duty on board the battleship USS Missouri. NVhile on the
Missouri he saw action during the invasions of lnchon and 1Vonsan.
1Vhen the ship returned to the continent from Korea and training
cruises to Cuba, Beeby received orders to instructor duty in the
Recruit Training Command at Bainbridge. Since arriving at Hain-
bridge, Beeby has trained 18 recruit companies one of which was
adjudged "Hall of Fame." This company had won 27 competitive
flags during its nine weeks of training and Beeby was awarded a letter
of commendation from the Commanding Officer.
Beeby is married and has two children.
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