US Naval Training Center - Anchor Yearbook (San Diego, CA)

 - Class of 1984

Page 5 of 116

 

US Naval Training Center - Anchor Yearbook (San Diego, CA) online yearbook collection, 1984 Edition, Page 5 of 116
Page 5 of 116



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Page 5 text:

CAPTAIN H. L. PLOWMAN, USN Commander, Naval Training Center San Diego, California

Page 4 text:

hs S1 o in U u s. NAVAL TRAINING CEINQTER U 1 Son Diego, California g OUNTLESS GENERATIONS of seafaring men have come to regard the anchor as a symbol of their profession and a mark of security to the ships on which they serve. By the Romans the anchor was re- garded as a symbol of wealth and commerce, while the Greeks gave to it the significance of hope and steadiness, a meaning that persists in religion and heraldry today. The symbolism of the Greeks was carried on by the early Christians with a meaning of steadfastness, hope and salvation. Q Q. Here, too, in recruit training, the anchor has special significance, not only as the symbol of the recruit's new life and surroundings but also as the steadfast symbol of the security in his new career that his recruit training will give him. -A if In the pages that follow, the daily life of a recruit is traced from his initial arrival at the Naval Training Center until his graduation. ' Q. vf aififw M ff , ' ' .P-as as t ' 'J . I ,,, ,. . ' , 4 '2 , 1 '2 Y 'O 'I'IIIEI CJ'I-IICJII,



Page 6 text:

TDRY T HE NAVAL TRAINING CENTER, San Diego, had its inception in 1916 when Mr. William Kettner, Congressman from the Eleventh Congressional District of California and spokesman for the San Diego Chamber of Commerce, interested the Honorable Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy, in estab- lishing a naval training activity on the shores of San Diego Bay. Due to the Nation's entry into World War I, further development of this plan was postponed until 1919, when Congress authorized acceptance by the Navy of the present site of the Training Center. The original grant consisted of 135 acres of highland donated by the San Diego Cham- ber of Commerce and 142 acres of tideland given by the City of San Diego. Construction work began in 1921, and on 1 June 1923 the U.S. Naval Training Station, San Diego, was placed in commission under the command of Captain flater Rear Admiral1David F. Sellers,U.S. Navy. At the time of its commissioningin 1923 the station bore little resemblance to its present size or arrangement. At that time Camp Paul Jones housed the entire popula- tion ofthe station and the maximum recruit strength was l,500. The period of recruit training was then sixteen weeks.The shore line of San Diego Bay extended consider- ably further inland than at present, and the land now oc- cupied by Preble Field, the North Athletic Area and Camp Farragut was entirely under water. The recruit parade ground was located on the present site ofthe Public Works garage. During the 1920,s the Recruit Receiving and Outgoing Units were housed in the Detention Unit, known as Camp Ingram, which consisted of a group of walled tents adjacent to the south boundary of Camp Paul Jones. Until Camp Lawrence was completed in 1936, re- cruits spent their first three weeks of training under canvas in this Detention Unit. In 1939 a construction program was commenced which within three years was to increase the capacity of the station four-fold. This expansion went hand in glove with a large scale program of harbor improvements by means of which the channel and anchorages in San Diego Bay were deepened and 130 acres of filled land were add- ed tothe eastern boundaries ofthe station. By 1941 Camp Luce had been completed, and the construction of Camps Mahan, Decatur, and Farragut was already well under way when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Virtually all this construction work was completed by September, 1942, when the capacity ofthe station had reached it war- time peak of 33,000 men, 25,000 of whom were recruits. The period of recruit training during World War II varied between three weeks and seven weeks. In April, 1944, the Secretary of the Navy changed the status of the Training Station to that ofa group command and redesignated it the U. S. Naval Training Center, San Diego. Under the Center Commander were established three subordinate commands: The Recruit Training Com- mand,The Service School Command and theAdministra- tive Command. The years immediately following World War II saw a considerable reduction in population ofthe Training Cen- ter despite a post-war expansion of the Service Schools, and by the end of 1949 the population of the Center had dropped to a twenty-year low of 5,800 men. Six months later,when the Communists invaded the Republic of Korea, an immediate expansion of all Naval training activities took place and by September of 1950 the Center was again operating at nearly full capacity. During the early months of the Korean conflict it be- came apparent that the demand for trained personnel in l

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