US Naval Training Center - Anchor Yearbook (San Diego, CA)

 - Class of 1953

Page 14 of 96


US Naval Training Center - Anchor Yearbook (San Diego, CA) online yearbook collection, 1953 Edition, Page 14 of 96
Page 14 of 96

US Naval Training Center - Anchor Yearbook (San Diego, CA) online yearbook collection, 1953 Edition, Page 13
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Page 14 text:

N4 t' anchorages in San Diego Bay were deepened and 130 acres of filled land were added to the eastern boundaries of the station. By 1941 Camp Luce had been completed, and the construction of Camps Mahan, Decatur, and Farragut was already well under way when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Virtually all this construction work was completed by September, 1942, when the capacity of the station had reached its wartime peak of 33,000 men, 25,000 of whom were recruits. The period of recruit train- ing during World War II varied between three weeks and seven weeks. In April, 1944, the Secretary of the Navy changed the status of the Training Station to that of a group command and redesignated it the U. S. Naval Train- ing Center, San Diego. Under the Center Com- mander were established three subordinate com- mands: The Recruit Training Command, The Service School Command and the Administrative Command. The years immediately following World War II saw a considerable reduction in population of the - -We ' X bpcrfff Xaufailzgq """"'lsv.,,, n Gate, Naval Training Center Training Center despite a post-war expansion of the Service Schools, and by the end of 1949 the pop- ulation of the Center had dropped to a twenty-year low of 5,800 men. Six months later, when the Com- munists invaded the Republic of Korea, an imme- diate expansion of all Naval training activities took place and by September of 1950 the Center was again operating at nearly full capacity. During the early months of the Korean conflict it became apparent that the demand for trained per- sonnel in the rapidly growing Pacific Fleet would require further expansion of this training center. Accordingly, steps were taken by the Navy Depart- ment to reactivate Camp Elliott, formerly a World War II Marine Corps training camp which is lo- cated ten miles north of San Diego on Kearny Mesa. On 15 January 1951 Camp Elliott was placed in commission as Elliott Annex of the Naval Training Center for the purpose of conducting the primary phases of recruit training. In March, 1953, in line with the planned reduction in size of the Navy, training at Elliott Annex was discontinued and it was placee of Ops there. Lat S0I'ne 3 trainir TCCruiw lallfl lf 51X col claggrc the Ill With I ing Q, darieg In Elaine' Ullltgf 00111111 poflali . llfitivf

Page 13 text:

. ,Q s,.3'.3'If. fag R Q s IN H T Y ABM? IS on The Naval Training Center, San Diego, had its in- ception in 1916 when Mr. William Kettner, Con- gressman from the Eleventh Congressional District of California and spokesman for the San Diego Chamber of Commerce, interested the Honorable Franklin D. Roosevelt, then Assistant Secretary of the Navy, in establishing a naval training activity on the shores of San Diego Bay. Due to the Nation,s entry into World War I, further development of this plan was postponed until 1919, when Congress au- thorized acceptance by the Navy of the present site of the Training Center. The original grant con- sisted of 135 acres of highland donated by the San Diego Chamber of Commerce and 142 acres of tide- land given by the City of San Diego. Construction work began in 1921, and on 1 June 1923 the U. S. Naval Training Station, San Diego, was placed in commission under the command of Captain Clater Rear Admiralj David F. Sellers, U. S. Navy. At the time of its commissioning in 1923 the station bore little resemblance to its present size or arrange- ment. At that time Camp Paul Jones housed the entire population of the station and the maximum recruit strength was 1,500. The period of recruit training was then sixteen weeks. The shore line of San Diego Bay extended considerably further inland than at presen.t, and the land now occupied by Preble Field, the North Athletic Area and Camp Farragut was entirely under water. The present Reception Center was then the Administration Build- ing, and the recruit parade ground was located on the present site of the Public Works garage. During the 192O,s, the Recruit Receiving and Outgoing Units were housed in the Detention Unit, known as Camp Ingram, which consisted of a group of walled tents adjacent to the south boundary of Camp Paul Jones. Until Camp Lawrence was completed in 1936, recruits spent their first three weeks of train- ing under canvas in this Detention Unit. In 1939 a construction program was commenced which within three years was to increase the capac- ity of the station four-fold. This expansion went hand in glove with a large scale program of harbor improvements by means of which the channel and

Page 15 text:

I Y , 2 xpansion of P49 the pop- twenty-ytaf an the Com- L, an iIIlITlC' ptivities took Center WHS 11 conllid it trained Per' Fleet would :ling CCl'1lCf- Depart- avy World rly 21 whifih is lo' earrll' Mai' 5 ptacedlw ,al Trainlllg rimary the P, ,C 953, H' It 5 the NaVYf d and if was placed in an inactive status. During its two years' of operation, over 150,000 recruits received training there. Late in 1952 projects were approved to convert some recruit barracks into classrooms and to extend training facilities by construction of a permanent recruit camp on the undeveloped Training Center land lying to the south and east of the estuary. The six converted barracks went in to service as recruit classrooms in April, 1953, and construction work on the new carnp should reach completion in l954g With the completion of this project the Naval Train- ing Center will have filled out to its present boun- daries of 435 acres. In the furtherance of its mission of supplying trained naval personnel to the fleets and ships of the United States Navy, each of the three subordinate commands of the Naval Training Center have im- portant roles to fill. The Administrative Command has the responsi- bility of conducting most of the Center's adminis- trative business and furnishing a wide range of Luce Audit services necessary to the daily life of the large com- munity which the Center has become. The Admin- istrativc Command has the responsibility of main- taining the Center's buildings and grounds, and through its facilities all personnel on the Center are housed, fed, clothed and paid, and receive their medical and dental care. The Administrative Com- mand also provides such other community services as recreational and Navy Exchange facilities, com- munications, postal and transportation services, and police and fire protection. Under the Service School Command are grouped more than twenty Navy Schools in which recruits as well as men from the fleet receive training in the specialized duties of certain ratings. Most of these are Class "AH schools, where non-rated men learn the skills and information necessary to them to perform a specific petty ofhcer rating. Among these schools are those which train fire control tech- nicians, electricians mates, radiomen, yeomen, com- missarymen and stewards. Other schools teach spe- cialized skills such as motion picture operation, tele-

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