US Naval Training Camp - Gadget Yearbook (Gulfport, MS)
- Class of 1918
Page 1 of 209
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 209 of the 1918 volume:
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CRet.D U. S. N.
COMMANDANT GULFPORT NAVAL TRAINING CAMP
anal raining amp
2 Gulfpurt, mississippi 2
E For the Benefit of the Athletic Association
5 1918 gi
E Issued by The Gadget Staff 2
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. by '
J. L. WIENER and E. C. BRANDOW
THE Bnmnow PRINTING COMPANY
ALBANY. N. Y.
PHOTOGRAPHER, Pano, Bn.oxr, Miss.
n To print or not to print-that is the question,
Whether 'tis nobler for the staff to suffer
The stings and arrows of the outraged public,
Or to lift pens about our Station troubles,
And by publishing,--end them? To write-to print-
N o more, and by the print to say we end',-
The heartaches and the thousand natural shocks
We have become heir toe-'tis a consummation
Devoutly to be wished, To write to printf-
To print! perchance to sell! ay, there's the rub,
For in the sale of books what ills may come when
We have shuiiied in our money cold, must make us
Pauseg there's the respect that makes calamity
Of such a jobg for who would bear the whips and
Scorns of strife, the advertisers' wrath, the proud
-Classes contumely, the pangs of desperate hate,
The law's dire, threat 3 the insolence of ship-mates,
And the spurns that patent editors must ever take
When they themselves might a quietus make with Publication?
Would we curses bear, and grunt and sweat under this
Weary load, but that the dread of money losses afterward,
The hideous state, bankruptcy, from whose bourn no
'Traveler returns, weakens the will, and makes us rather
Bear the ills we have than fly to others we know well of?
Thus prudence does make cowards of us ally
This the earnest wish for publication is sicklied o'er
With the pale cast of doubt, and this great pith and
Moment with one look is laid to gather dust, and lose
The name of literature,-Soft now:-
Readers, in thy grace, be all our faults forgiven.
FRED H. SNEED, Yeoman
With apologies to William S--.
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A THE COMMANDANT, AIDE, AND FORCE
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f MQ , SAMUEL Levm
HIPMATES and old Navy men
have their own way, f21m0L1S for
its boastfulness, of recounting
their experiences in the service.
The time is coming when we too
will tell our common adventures
and for that time we hold in store the
fact that our Commandant was Rear
Admiral Alfred Reynolds about
whose life we will be proud to know
the following facts:
Rear Admiral Alfred Reynolds
manifested his power of selection
very early in life by choosing Vir-
ginia for his birth-place, on Sep-
tember 7, 1853. His father was
General J- J. Reynolds. As the
sons of Army officers usually do,
he spent his boyhood in a number
of places and on September 22, 1869,
was appointed to the Naval Acad-
emy at Annapolis, from Indiana.
Though he has said very little about
his career at the Academy it is
known that aside from being a good
student he pulled an oar in the crew
for four years, during which time it
never met a defeat.
His first service, after graduat-
ing, was aboard the U. S. S. Narra-
gansett under the command of George
Dewey, then a Comma'nder, sur-
Veying the Gulf of California. Since
then he has served in all parts of
the world. In the Philippine war
he was a lieutenant. During the
Boxer Rebellion he was lieutenant
commander on the U. S. S. Nash-
ville. In the Atlantic Fleet, he has
been in command of the monitor
Nevada and the armored cruiser
Monlana,-ashore he has twice been
the Commandant of the Norfolk
Naval Training Station.
Under President Taft he accom-
panied Secretary of State Knox as
U. S. Naval representative to the
funeral of the Mikado of Japan.
The representative of the Army at
the same event was the present
General John J. Pershing.
For two years he was in command
of the Pacific Reserve Fleet and at
the time of his retirement from
active duty, in 1915, he was presi-
dent of the Examining Board in
Washington and an Admiral of the
first nine. On June 29, 1917, he
was ordered back to active duty to
establish this camp.
-In his long career he has been
closely associated with all of the
great men of both the Army and
the Navy. The present Admirals
of the United States are juniors to
our Commandant. '
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VERY function and every ac-
tivity of this camp exists as
a part of the powers of the
Commandant. You and I, and every
enlisted man and officer in every
department of this camp, are func-
tioning organs of the official Com-
An idea can easily be gained as
to the volume and scope of the work
of the Commandant's office. Lieut.
U. GJ J. Jucker, Jr., is personal aid
to the Commandant. Whenever
we see a man with aiguillettes, we
take it for granted that he is one
eye of the Commandant.
Mrs. Betty Myers, chief yeo-
woman, in the Commandant's office,
through her loyalty and fair judg-
ment is a formidable character ,in
camp government. It pays to make
a good impression on her. Thomas
A. Walker, Y. lc., first class, is 21
walking catalogue of documents and
papers of the office.
"Where is it? Ask Walker."
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THE COMMISSIONED AND WARRANT OFFICERS
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HIEF among the accomplish-
ments of the labor of Com-
mander G. F. Schwartz are
the three following-inventions in
gas water heating, with the owner-
ship and operation of a factory for
the manufacture of the heatersg
management of gold an.d silver
mines in Sonora, Mexicog and the
organization and development of
the Missouri Naval Militia.
The history of the Missouri Naval
Militia is a tale of unswerving loyalty
and sacrifice by our Executive Offi-
cer. Through the influence of Com-
mander Schwartz it was brought
through critical times, until at the
outbreak of the present war, it
glorified itself by providing four
hundred fifty men and twenty-four
officers, fully equipped and trained
for immediate active service in the
U. S. Navy.
Commander Schwartz was born
in St. Louis and has lived there for
the greater part of his life. His
business career is that of a self-made
man who gained prominence in in-
dustry through applying himself to
improvements on his product.
His Mexican enterprise in gold
and silver mining bespeaks the pa-
tience an.d justice of a man dealing
with the peon labor of that coun-
try to the mutual advantage of
both, until the anarchy of the
country made business alnfost im-
He is a great reader, a close stu-
dent of psychology, and a deep
thinker in the mechanics of his
product, the gas water heater. His
observation of men and ideas as
well as his vast sympathy makes
him beloved by every man in camp
Every " Gob " who has come before
Commander Schwartz either for a
personal request or because he was
" On Report " has left his presence
with the feeling that the Commander
had his welfare at heart. It is not
infrequent that he returns to his
desk after evening mess to help
some man who is in trouble.
While at sea, he was in command
of the U. S. S. Hunlress and the
U. S. S. Isle de Luzon, a prize of the
Spanish-American warg served on
the U. S. S. Rhode Island, the
U. S. S. Kenlucky, in Naval Militia
cruises, and was executive officer
of the U. S. S. Amphilrile.
EXECUTIVE OFFICER AND FORCE
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"SAY, Sharp, I've lost my pass. Do
you reckon you could get me one by
4 o'c1ock? I got-a-date with a jane
to-night and if I don't show up my
" I want to see Harris. I enlisted
in this here outfit as 'Landsman for
Aviation ' and they've got me down
as 'Landsman for Machinist Mate."
" Have my papers come down
from the Admiral's office yet?
Didn't you hear me say I wanted
to catch the 4:40 train? Seems to
me my request has had plenty of
time to get through, been in here
ever since 11 .o'clock this morning."
" Monte, here's a guy who says
he's got some furlough papers and
one-cent fare slip coming. How
about it? Paul K. Weaver,-an-
other ' ace' here to see you about
his reimbursement. Tell him the
Bureau of Navigation is holding up
everything in order to spend all
their time dealing with his case,
and he ought to hear from them in
about ninety days."
" How do I know what sort of a
' shoot ' you are going to get for
throwing bread in the mess hall?
What do you think this is, some sort
of a fortune-telling outfit? What's
that? Will you get busted? Where
do you get that stuff, you're an ap-
prentice seaman already."
Through the hands of the execu-
tive officer, Commander G. F.
Schwartz, passes every request, be
it great or small. Transfers, changes
of rating, issuance of passes, dis-
charges, re-enlistments, or breaches
of discipline, both minor and seri-
ous,-all come beneath his prac-
ticed eye. It is the executive officer
who once each week carries out
the formal inspection of the camp.
It is to him that all reports as to
strength and personnel of each regi-
ment is made dailyg and it is to him
that the men come for advice and
The executive officer is personally
responsible for all ordnance, ord-
nance supplies and other weapons
and accoutrements making up the
military equipment of the camp.
The postoffice and rigging loft also
come within the sphere of his juris-
diction and direction.
L. J. Sharp, Y. lc., is, the Com-
mander's right hand man. A great
mass of the correspondence which
comes to the Executive Office need
not necessarily receive the per-
sonal attention of the Commander,
and the. handling of this surplus
paper-work keeps Sharp busy from
morning until late in the afternoon.
Personal reports, both monthly and
annual, are made out under Sharp's
The record room, which also fur-
nishes working space for a number
of stenographers and strikers neces-
sary for the carrying on of the great
mass of detail connected with the
operation of the Executive Office, is
in charge of Charles R. Harris, Y.
lc., who acts as Sharp's assistant.
Several yeomanettes as well as
a hard working bunch of lesser
would-be yeomen add greatly to the
rapidity and accuracy with which
the daily routine is carried through.
SATURDAY MORNING INSPECTION
HE camp postoffice, at pres-
ent housed in the disbursing
building, is presided over by
Daniel T., Dodson, Y. lc., assisted
by " Silent" Boedecker and Miss
Florence L. Bailey, Y. 2c.
Since the rookies began to arrive
Daniel has been forced to work long
hours, and as far as possible has
prevailed upon his help to bear a
hand as long as they will keep at
it. It is hard for the individual to
realize the huge mass of mail of all
descriptions which passes through
the camp postoffice each day. Many
a country town postmaster doesn't
handle as much work in a month as
Daniel does in one hour of an ordi-
nary working day. Dodson and his
doughty assistants however are used
to hard work and a truck load of
mail sacks holds no terrors for them.
In addition to the assistants above
named the personnel of the post-
offce also includes an erstwhile
birdman and a one-time seaman
guard, known as " Dutch " and
" Nick," respectively. True, they
are lesser lights, but they form a
necessary cog in the machinery.
The above named Daniel Dodson
is the originator on this camp of the
expression, " How you making out?"
an expression which has been taken
up and repeated by his shipmates
with such maddening repetition that
it has driven some of us almost to
the verge of insanity.
OWN where the boys get their
guns and belts, and also a
thing or two about muzzle
velocity, this station has in captivity
the only and original E. R. " Tex "
Selman, chief gunner's mate. Chief
Selman, who is in charge of the
Armory, decided some time ago that
the plains of Texas did not appeal
to him as did a life of strife and
iight aboard one of his country's
men-o-war, so he decided to go to
the Seaman Gunners' School in
Washington, D. C., and get the right
dope about the things he would use
to start something with.
While in Washington, D. C., the
Chief started his fight in life the
right way for it was here that he
gained pugilistic fame and Won the
southern championship from " Fight-
ing Bob " Diry. Since that time
" Old Muzzle Velocity," as Selman
has been affectionately termed by
the men on the station, has held
three fleet championships.
HE rigging loft is the chief
distributing point for sleep-
ing material for the Gobs and
is under the command of Chief Man-
uel Pastrana, veteran of the Battle
of Santiago, on the Spanish side. In
winning the Battle of Santiago,
Admiral Dewey proved conclusively
to Pastrana that we had a better
Navy and therefore Pastrana soon
after enlisted with Uncle Sam.
In installing the rigging loft,
technically called the " Riggin Lo,"
Pastrana was often called upon to
follow up the Supply Department
which I believe -will always remember
his drastic reminder, " Paymastey,
Paymastey, gotta no sistoo hooks,
no gromoos, no sella rieedoos, no
ropas, no blockes, no shocklas, waita
tree mons, no gotta da nottingf'
When Pastrana was in charge of
Detention Camp he was a strict
disciplinarian. His admonition is
still on the lips of many an ex-deten-
tioner, " You no respecta da ooni-
forma, righta handa saloota, one a
In spite of his shortcomings in
the English language no man be-
littles the importance of Chief
Pastrana as a seaman and a rigger
as well as his vast knowledge of
Assisting Chief Pastrana in the
administration of the rigging loft
is Chief Boatswain's Mate Moberg,
and between the two they manage
to meet every need which they are
called upon to fill.
IVIL ENGINEER L. F. BEL-
LINGER is the only lieuten-
ant commander of the Navy
who, except by courtesy, is justly
entitled to be called captain, for
during the Spanish-American War
he held a commission as captain in
the Third U. S. Volunteers. He
was born in the State of New York,
January 10, 1867. Among his an-
cestors are six who fought in the
Prior to his commission in the
Army he was a professor of Civil
Engineering at Norwich University,
Military College and Chief Engineer
of one or two commercial enter-
prises. His specialty then was Hy-
dro Electric Installations.
PON the invitation of a com-
mittee of "Gentlemen From
Mississippi " the Navy De-
partment decided to establish at
Gulfport, Miss. a Naval Training
Station on the site selected for the
erection of an exposition which was
to celebrate the centennial of Missis-
sippi's admittance to the Union.
At that time there were seven at-
u. s. N. R. F.
He was commissioned civil engi-
neer in the Navy, January 12, 1901,
and has served at the following
Navy Yards and Stations: Brooklyn,
Philadelphia, Portsmouth, New-
port, Bremerton, Washington, Ca-
vite, P. I., and Gulfport, Miss. He
holds a good poker hand, " three
jacks and two queens," five children
in all. His present home is in At-
Lieutenant Commander Bellinger
is a member of the Army and Navy
Club of New York city, the Amer-
ican Society of Civil Engineers, the
Masonic Lodge, and a number of
other organizations of equal fame
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tractive buildings which had been
erected by the Mississippi Centen-
nial Exposition and it was around
this nucleus that the present camp
On July 20, 1917, Rear Admiral
Alfred Reynolds, United States Navy
CRetiredJ, reported for duty as
Commandant. Lieutenant Com-
mander Albert A. Baker, Civil En-
gineer Corps, United States Navy,
reported for duty as Public Works
Officer on this date.
Preliminary surveys and designs
were prepared and forwarded to
Washington, D. C., where the plans
and specifications were worked out
and contracts awarded. The con-
tract for the construction of this
Emergency Camp was awarded to
Paschen Brothers, Contractors, of
Chicago, Ill., and the contract for
the Emergency Hospital Buildings
was awarded to W. H. Hadlow,
Contractor, of Jacksonville, Fla.
On November 22, 1917, Ensign
John Jucker, Jr. reported for duty
as Assistant Public Works Officer.
Ensign G. M. Montgomery also re-
ported on this date as Accounting
Officer and with the addition of
Chief Yeoman C. E. Trust, Yeomen
Walker and Ferrera and six civilian
employes, there was completed the
organization with which construc-
tive work was begun.
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Chief Carpenter's Mate J. Wiener
was assigned to duty here directly
Another addition in the admin-
istration of the construction pro-
gram was made when Ensign W. P.
McElligott arrived. Seventeen sea-
men were next brought here from
the training stations at West End
and Algiers at New Orleans, La.,
for guard duty.
On January 4, 1918, Commander
G. F. Schwartz entered upon his
duties as the Station's Executive
Ofiicer. He is Executive Officer at
this time and his judgment in the
execution of his official duties has
made him one of the most popular
officers on the station as well as
the idol of the enlisted men.
A draft of forty seamen from the
New Orleans Station was the next
material increase in the personnel
of the camp and with this draft
came many of the petty officers who
are now on the station.
The direction of the organization
of the Hospital was handled by
Captain J. Duncan' Gatewood, M . C.,
U. S. N., who was assigned to duty as
Commanding Ofiicer of the hospital.
On November 24, 1917, work was
started on the Gulfport Naval Emer-
gency Training Camp. The site
was not in what was considered the
most favorable condition but the
energy with which the Navy prose-
cutes any of its plans was in evi-
dence here and very soon, under the
direction of Rear Admiral Reynolds,
the present station began to assume
The seven .buildings which the
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Mississippi Centennial Exposition
had erected were first converted
into quarters which would house the
various departments of the camp.
In the make-over or outfitting of
these buildings great care was taken
that the original plan on which
these buildings were constructed
should not be changed. This re-
sulted in the necessity for quite a
bit of intexior carpentry and after
the work was completed, the build-
ings presented a very much changed
The exposition administration
building was at once designated as
the Naval Camp Administration
Building. One of the buildings' was
remodeled and is now being used as
the Disbursing Office, Post Office and
Officer of the Day's Office. This
building also houses the local branch
of the American Red Cross.
The interior of the Mississippi
Building was allowed to remain
intact and with the addition of.
benches and tables and the con-
struction of a Galley in the rear,
it has made an admirable mess hall.
The Coliseum Building was con-
verted into a recreation building
and besides serving as an auditorium
and gymnasium it houses the Y. M.
C. A., the K. of C., the Canteen,
the Commissary Store, Ship's Bar-
ber Shop, Ship's Cobbler Shop and
the Rigging Loft which will soon be
transferred to a more recently con-
The building adjoining the Coli-
seum on the southwest was utilized
for the General Storekeepers Sup-
plies and the Commissary Stores.
The building opposite the mess hall
was transformed into an Armory
while the building between that and
the main gate was remodelled into
a Receiving Building for the exam-
ination and outfitting of recruits.
Around this building the Detention
Camp was constructed.
A good idea of what had to be
done can be gained from the fol-
lowing figures on the main camp.
The contract stated that three mil-
lion board feet of lumber would be
used. There would be 250,000
square feet of roofings to put on.
There was 40,000 square feet of con-
crete floor and walks to be laid
which did not include by any means
all of the flooring done in the camp.
All of the barracks have board floors.
There was 80,000 feet of sewer
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to be laid and 15,000 square feet of
roads to be constructed. Since this
has been done additional improve-
ments and extensions have been
going on all the time. Thus a person
can see just how big a job fell to
the lot of the Public Works De-
According to its policy of getting as
near conditions which would exist
upon the detail of men to sea service
as possible, the Navy Department
had the barracks erected devoid of
any comforts which would not be
found on ships upon which the men
would probably serve. The same
plan was followed out in the deten-
tion camp barracks with the ex-
ception of the addition of an addi-
tional galley. '
In the matter of placing the struc-
tures, the Public Works Department,
where it was possible, moved build-
ings which would have necessitated
the felling of one or more trees, and
to this department goes the credit
for constructing the most beautiful
Naval Training Station in the
One of the big jobs supervised
by the Public Works Department
was the matter of filling in the
swamp adjacent to detention camp.
Sand was pumped in from the sound
and the process continued until the
swamp was eliminated.
The erection of the flagstaffg set
in a concrete foundation of which
eight feet is underground, is another
addition carried out by the Public
Works Department. The flagstaff
towers above all buildings on the
camp and from its peak the emblem
of our Country now waves.
The water and sewer system was
installed under the direction of the
Public Works .Department and im-
provements to it are being made
as the occasion warrants. Only re-
cently a new 200,000 gallon water
tank was erected which will add
greatly to the available pressure
and furnish a reserve water supply.
Hard shell and gravel roads were
constructed and have withstood wear
and hard usage in the most admir-
Probably the last big job in the
early construction period of the
camp was the cutting of a channel
to the wharf to make a passage for
boats through the shifting sand bars
of the Gulf to the pier which was
also erected under the direction of
the Public Works Department.
The present public works officer
is Lieut. Com. L. F. Bellinger, Civil
Engineer Corps, U. S. N. Lieut.
CJ. GJ J. Jucker, Jr., Aide to the
Commandant, is also assistant pub-
lic works officer. Ensign W. P. Mc-
Elligott is maintenance officer and
Warrant Carpenter J. L. Wiener is in
charge of the building maintenance.
RPE TER SIIOP
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CL ERRY, the roof is leaking."
" Jerry, when on earth are
you going to build the new
"I'd like to see the gentleman
who signs himself ' J. Wiener.' Oh,
it's you. Well all I want to know
is when are you going to get busy
and fix up the racks for my stamps? "
"Are you the head gazabo in this
carpenter outfit? Well, the handle
on our swab is broken and my com-
pany commander said for me to
look up the little short fellow in the
carpenter shop and have him nail
" Say, Jerry, how's chances on
gettin' a couple of hammock sticks
cut out on your band saw?"
" Sir, I'd like to report sir, that
the rear plank on the top step is
broken off, sir, on the left hand side
sir, and would you please come over,
sir, if it isn't too much trouble, and
have it fixed, sir?"
" Say, Mr. Wiener, what is that
chevron on your collar for-have
you seen so much service that you
rate a collar stripe?"
" Jerry, send a man over to put
a leg on the table."
And then J . Wiener, Carpenter,
uttered in loud and convincing tones,
" Enough-out you go-or I'll crock
the whole gang."
The phone bell rings. '
" J. Wiener speaking-whatcha
The voice of some sweet young
"Oh Jer-r-y, will you do me a
" Sure! I'm always at the disposal
of the ladies. What's your stuff?"
" This is Mrs. Watson in the can-
teen. Could you build me something
to sit on while I'm not busy,-use
soft wood or put a cushion on it-! "
Jerry had fainted.
But the best of us have troubles
and it certainly takes someone whose
ability to handle the public is par
excellent to get heads or tails out
of all the complaints which are re-
ceived by the Building Department,
Warrant Carpenter J . Wiener is
certainly well fitted for this posi-
tion. Naturally Mr. Wiener has a
lot of complaints which he could
not think of handling and which
would be beneath his dignity. In
fr ' 5 14:11
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occasion of this nature he will look
around the room and then say:
" Hold the wire a minute and I'll
refer you to My Boy Carl. Here
Carl, see what you can do with
When jobs come into the shops
which annoy him his favorite phrase-
" Fine stuff, we'll pass the buck."
But laying aside all kidding, Mr.
Wiener really is versatile. It is
generally understood that he owns
a stamp with the sign " J. Wiener,
Architect," on it. His person.al
traits are unlimited and range from
hunting catfish near Cat Island to
diplomatic advice to peevish yeo-
But at that J. Wiener says that
the carpenter shop will be equipped
with the very best of machinery
now that the war is over. The
truth of this statement is a matter
of open discussion and the odds are
on Jerry's side because he stands
in with all of the big machinery
houses in Chicago, Ill., and his
friends assert that the wind was so
strong there that it blew him all
the way to Gulfport. It's an ill
Wind that blows no one any good.
The entire gang in the carpenter
shop are strong backers of J. Wiener.
They are led by Carl Matthes, who
is as earnest a worker as " Chi "
ever produced. He also has the
art of training carpenters. Front
it V lu
ef fra:-f' 'Gif
F any one is justly entitled to a
goodly share of the Gulfport
Power Plant's stock, it is Chief
Electrician D. C. Korsgren. For
he and his department suffer most
of the trials and tribulations en-
countered by that company in serv-
ing the God-given " juice " to the
Gulfport Naval Training Camp.
Often every light on the station
goes out, and the Gobs curse not
only the electricians but all their
ancestors, when in reality the trouble
is at the Gulfport Power Plant.
This department sees to it, among
other things, that the camp streets
are always kept properly lighted,
thus avoiding highway robberies and
collisions. It has charge of the main-
tenance of the camp's power stations,
motors, pump house and all elec-
The electric shop is a well-managed
organization of skilled workmen,
and is, another tribute to the Gulf-
port Naval Training Camp. It is
located with its sister shops, the
carpenter and plumbing shops, in
the southwest corner of the drill
GA RA GE -
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F the number of requests or com-
plaints which are turned in daily
at the station's garage in any
way hampered its efficiency, this
smooth-working organization would
necessarily become a mass of wreck-
age, for they come in a storm from
daylight to dark. Some of them are
Maybe one of these comes from
one of the stripers at the officers'
mess. " Have you a ilivver?" he
inquires over the phone. " No, sir,"
is the reply he receives. " Well,
where are they, why haven't you?'
the officer inquires, impatiently.
"All are in use, sir," the garage at-
tache politely replies. "One has
gone after Chaplain Taylor, Pay-
master Landesco, Ensign Mneek
and Dr. Miller and won't be back
for some time." "Oh, all right," the
voice at the officers' mess rings out
as the receiver is impatiently hung
Another complaint comes, per-
haps from the commissary depart-
ment, stating that its customers are
howling because of slow delivery.
"The commissary truck is missing
on all four and can't make its rounds
on schedule. Send a trouble man
to fix it up right away." And per-
haps at that very moment all the
edge rev 'ev
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" trouble men "I in camp are at work
on the C. O.'s car with orders to
complete their task before " chow."
Then possibly there are tons of ice
or supplies to be hauled, the ship
is to be coaled in short order, another
truck is being used by the garbage
detail when the Public Works De-
partmen.t finds an immediate need
for a machine to go out on a special
errand. The 'phone in the garage
rings. A mechanic on duty who
picks up the receiver is greeted with
the question: " Have the yeoman-
ettes been carried to Gulfport?"
Or " How about two cars of freight
at the depot?"
Aside from the usual duties every
car on the station, from Cadillacs
ofthe vintage of '93 to Saxonswith
tonsilitis, come for expert advice
and moral guidance to the garage.
Repairs to all vehicles of the camp
occupy the balance of the' garage
The garage is in charge of J. B.
Thompson, chief machinist's mate.
He came to this camp with the first
draft of the Seaman Guard, which
reached here on December 8, 1917.
Later, Chief Thompson was de-
tached from the Seaman Guard and
detailed to repair automobiles. At
that time the station's garage and
repair shop was conducted under
any convenient tree or sheltered
spot along the roadside. Mr.
Thompson qualified for the rating
of chief machinist's mate on June
FIREMEN AND WATERTENDERS .
CX . . K. WP
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ff HEN Plumbing was ex- complain. I call with my bag of
alted to a position of
Naval sanitation," says
Chief Machinist's Mate J. E. Gray,
" my troubles began. It was all
right while our labors were limited
to pipe fitting and digging trenches
on the ' Hindenburg Line,'-the long
line of sewer pipe whose pulse beats
and temperature has to be taken
frequently to make sure that it
functions. But when sewers became
Naval sanitation and ditches Naval
engineering and 'Silent Sam ' for-
bade smoking underground we all
had to wise up to keep step with
pace of plumbing. It is a high state
of militarism which will forbid
smoking underground. That is one
thing to which we all can look for-
ward. If you're a plumber you
kn.ow what it is have a lot of plumb-
ing that has more leaks than women
have tears. There are more Gas-
kets to cut for leaky valves than I
have coupons to cut on my Liberty
" On a blistering hot day the Dis-
bursing Office is suffering from a
sub-normal temperature. They
instruments. QThey used to be called
'tools ' before plumbing became
Naval Sanitation.J I find the entire
Disbursing Office force huddled up
together like the orphans in the
squalid quarters in the Christmas
stories headed, 'Funds For the
Poor.' I examine the gas radiator.
I try every screw and tube. I
"'Look! It burns a hot flamel'
exclaims a Landsman for Yeoman.
" ' Sure it does! Why didn't you
light it?' I asked.
" ' We never thought of thatl'
" No wonder we have to look for
distraction in a world-beating racer."
The Jays Of Cai-fi UFEY?
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why 215132 Gulfpnrt jliahal Uiraining Qiamp?
to this inquiry would require
a narrative covering more
than 100 years of history, and the
Editor-in-Chief has assigned space
to the amount of 1,500 words to
cover the assignment. Brevity will
therefore be not only an essential,
but an absolute necessity as well.
Something more than 200 years
ago adventurous explorers of both
French an.d Spanish extraction dis-
covered the Mississippi Gulf Coast,
and the territory included in the
boundary lines of the state as well,
and from that day until the present,
the charm of the 'climate and the
lure of the coast country is being
discovered by increasing thousands
of people from all sections of the
Since Bienville landed near Biloxi
and planted the flag of his country
amid the palms and palmettos, there
has been an ever-increasing popula-
tion, and the end is not yet. While
the Indians contested this invasion
of their country during a consider-
able portion of the 17's, they finally
withdrew an.d allowed the "pale
face " to enjoy unmolested the salt
breezes from the Mexic Gulf and
breathe the ozone-laden air from the
majestic pine forests.
After a time under territorial gov-
ernment it became evident that
Mississippi was entitled to a star
in the blue field of Uncle Sam's flag
and in the early part of 1817 the
existing Mississippi territory was
divided, a portion becoming the
State of Alabama and that part
lying next to the Mississippi river,
On December 10, 1817, Missis-
sippi was proclaimed a loyal state
of the National Union. So she has
remained since, with one slight in-
terruption. It has been one hundred
years of history which her loyal
citizens cherish with a just pride
and desire to hand down to their
children for due reverence.
The Mississippi Centennial Ex-
position was the child of the brain
of her energetic and progressive
people and was designed as a fitting
celebration of the 100th anniversary
of statehood. It has been suggested
that the state had been admitted
to the Union on another occasion,
but the first event was the one in
mind when the proposition of a great
celebration was given consideration.
Agitation of the proposed birth-
day event began soon after the
close of the St. Louis Exposition,
but it was not until 1912 that it took
concrete form. .During the session
of the state legislature that year,
the game little City of Gulfport, a
lusty infant that had sprung from
the pine forests of the coast almost
within a night, asked for, and was
granted the location for a celebra-
tion commensurate with the im-
portance of the occasion.
Gulfport, Harrison County and
the State of Mississippi joined hands
in the movement with appropria-
tions that supplied a foundation
upon which to build. A commission
charged with the duty of super-
vising the affairs of the Exposition
was created, oiiicers elected, a suit-
able site selected and the world ex-
tended a hearty invitation to sit at
the table prepared by the loyal and
enthusiastic citizens of the state.
Uncle Sam had made a healthy
edge F' '44
4--. 14, pranvzggr-:sq-v-vqaqgnnars 'guna 4-'rs
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teh , 'gs 2 e "xx , 0' '
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appropriation for participation, a
number of foreign countries, states,
counties and municipalities had set
aside funds and named officers to
insure adequate representation.
Hundreds of prominent exhibitors
and high-class concessionaires had
made deposits to guarantee space
and the prospect for a most success-
ful event could not have been better.
The seven permanent buildings
designed for a place in future ex-
ploitation plans were practically
completed and were really and truly
"things of beauty," the eight reg-
ular exposition buildings were
under contract, several hundred
thousand trees, shrubs, plants, flow-
ers, etc., were flourishing in the
nursery awaiting the time when
they would be used to make of the
grounds a dream of beauty and it
seemed that the realization of the
dreams of its most enthusiastic and
ardent friends would soon come
" Kaiser Bill," possibly knowing
little and likely caring less, of
the splendid enterprise with which
he was destined to interfere, be-
came so flagrant and outrageous
in his disregard of the rules of
civilized warfare that it became
imperative that Uncle Sam bring
him across the, knee and soundly
administer the flogging that he so
long had richly deserved.
With the bugle call of war sound-
ing, the brave men of our country
shouldering their riHes and march-
ing to the front, the Exposition Com-
mission, without a moment's hesi-
tation, postponed the opening until
the German Monarchy and its mad
Kaiser no longer threatened the
homes of a free people and the peace
of a God-fearing world.
Simultaneously with the post-
ponement came a loyal and enthusi-
astic tender of the splendid buildings
and beautiful grounds to the Gov-
ernment for use as might be required
for the winning of the war. This
tender was made known to the
several branches of the Government
and the wait for results was not for
Soon appeared upon the scene
Lieutenant Manly, of the Navy De-
partment, who suggested that such
a location with its excellent improve-
ments would be most advantageous
for the training of Naval recruits,
particularly in view of the extremely
mild climate which would make
year-round training both possible
Before many moons came Admiral
Palmer from the Big Building at
Washington for first-hand informa-
tion concerning the plant about
which so many nice things had been
said, and simultaneously was issued
an edict by Secretary of the Navy
Daniels that all resources available
must' be utilized and that the offer
of the Exposition Commission would
be gladly and gratefully accepted.
Also that additional buildings and
changes necessary to comfortably
accommodate several thousands of
the flower of young American man-
hood would be provided without
During July it was the pleasant
privilege of coast people to welcome
' - x w 0
ashsok 4 kg4w,g.1 4ur1s 1 1:1,' A gin. ' 5 IC" 4
Rear Admiral Alfred Reynolds and
Captain A. A. Baker, who came with
full authority to plan and build a
Naval training camp without a peer
in our great country. The story
since that date during the summer
of 1917 is told most forcibly by a
casual inspection of the best located,
best appointed and most complete
camp in the United States for train-
ing Naval recruits. Three thousand
young men, from practically every
state in the Union, can testify to
the truthfulness of this latter state-
The training camp is here because
of the beautiful buildings and splen-
did grounds tendered the Govern-
ment by a patriotic commission of
The buildings and grounds are
here because Mississippi was pre-
paring to patriotically and fittingly
celebrate her 100th anniversary as
a state of the National Union.
The Mississippi Centennial Com-
mission, 100 per cent American, ten-
dered Uncle Sam the use of their
buildings and grounds to aid in
winning the war. This same com-
mission will, should Uncle Sam de-
sire to make of the Gulfport Naval
Training Camp a permanent insti-
tution, cheerfully acquiesce in a
request for permanent possession.
' H. G. BLAKESLEE.
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CAMP DOCTORS AND CORPSMEN
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ROM the time the recruit enters
the Navy until he is paid off,
anold " sea dog," he is under
the constant supervision of the med-
ical department. Whenever he falls
ill, be it from gastritis acute to the
Spanish " flu," it is to the medical
department he goes for relief. Un-
like any other department there are
no ofhce hours. Night or day, be
it bright or cloudy, there is always
someone from whom medical aid
can be procured in emergencies.
With the medical department there
is more than one war. It is a con-
stant succession of wars. War
against mumps, war against measles,
and war against a thousand diseases
and insects. Two of the more re-
cent victories have been over mos-
quitoes and the Spanish " flu." It
was this latest war that brought the
medical department into the lime-
light. And a hard fought series of
battles it was too. No "peace at
any price " proposition from this
department. Victory at all costs
was the slogan, and, while the cost
was felt, victory ultimately resulted.
Service in the Hospital Corps and
the Medical Corps was anything but
light during those days when the
enemy was on the offensive. How-
ever, it has become history by now,
has that campaign, and the depart-
ment has relaxed into its customary
state of "watchful waiting."
The three dispensaries, one in
the detention and the other two in
the main camp, are indeed models
of their kind. Built along well-
perfected plans, they represent the
most up-to-date yard dispensaries
to be found in any branch of the
service. One small building con-
tains a laboratory, genito-urinary
room, examination room, dressing
room, drug dispensary, diet kitchen,
sick ward, and two offices.
The work devolving upon the dis-
pensaries is necessarily of a minor
character. Treatment of operative
cases and infectious diseases are
transferred to the hospital where
accommodations on a much larger
scale are to be had. First aid work
and all diagnosing as well as examin-
ing is taken up by the camp medical
department. All sanitary work, such
as disinfecting, fumigating and super-
vising the gen.eral sanitary condi-
tions of the camp, come under the
head of the senior medical officer.
Keeping the crew fit for duty might
- Q , P
6 'sth 4 ' Lrr111v171:1:1 1qg A 214 ' 5 J
summarize the work of the de-
On taking a peep into one of the
dispensaries you will find a great
many men doing a number of things.
At one end of the building there is
a corpsman taking care of several
sick men. A little further along
an.other will be preparing special
food for the convalescents. In the
-dressing and examining rooms men
with cuts and corns, men with
stings and stabs, -and men with every
conceivable ailment in the category
of human ills, will be found being
treated. In the dispensary a couple
of pharmacist's mates will be found
making pills and mixing powders.
The dental surgeon, with the
assistance of his corpsman, prevents
an.d stops the tooth aches of all who
are unfortunate enough to " rate "
them. In the laboratory several
men are kept busy principally help--
ing the doctors to establish diag-
The four medical officers upon
whom devolved the gigantic task
of opening this department of the
camp was Medical Director James
D. Gatewood, Pharmacist Edward
M. R. McColl, Dr. Cliff C. Wilson.
and Dr. Amos Mc. Jones. Dr. Gate-
wood became attached to this camp
-on August 8, 1917. At the time of
his arrival the training station was
but a ground site and the training
of men but a prospect. The exposi-
tion buildings were nearing com-
pletion but the barracks an.d hos-
pital buildings, only plans. Phar-
macist McColl reported for duty,
August 11, 1917, Dr. Wilson on the
fourteenth of the same month while
Dr. Jones reported on September 13.
Under the able direction of the
senior medical officer, Dr. Cliff
Cicero Wilson, lieutenant commander
in the Medical Corps, the camp dis-
pensaries were ready for the open-
ing of the camp on the first of J une.
Dr. Gatewood took charge of the
hospital on April 23. Dr. Wilson
arrived on August 14, 1917. The
staff at the time of opening con-
sisted of four assistant surgeons,
who have become lieutenan.ts in the
Lieut. Amos McKinnie Jones, M.
C., of the Fleet Naval Reserve, ar-
rived at this station September 13,
1917. His former experience in
the Navy proved invaluabl-e at a
time when most of the staff were
just from civilian life. He has been
connected with the main dispensary
most of the time.
Lieut. Samuel- Earl Johnston, M.
C., from Alabama via the Naval
station in New Orleans, is at this
writing, examining the recruits in
the Receiving Building. He was
transferred here on February 8,
Lieut. Jose Antonio Perez, M. C.,
is a Porto Rican by birth and a
wrestler by reputation. He was
sent here on February 11, 1918,
from the New Orleans station. The
greater part of his time has been
spent at the main dispensary.
Lieut. Lafayette Tate Miller, M.
C., of the detention dispensary,
came first from Dallas, Texas. After
examining an unknown number of
recruits at the New Orleans station
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he was sent here on February 9,
1918. His work here has been a
continuance of his work in New
Lieut. Lloyd Charles McDonald,
UG5, D. C., while originally from
Wichita, Kans., is one of the most
"sea-going" of the junior officers.
He has charge of the dental office
in the main dispensary. He is an
old shipmate of Ensign Mneek's.
Both were at one time on the U. S. S.
Lieut. Leslie Thomas Conditt
UCD, D. C., who relieved Dr. Innis
in the detention dental office, ar-
rived here from the Great ,Lakes
station September 14, 1918. He
enlisted in the Navy as a hospital
apprentice but being a dentist he
was later commissioned.
The two newest arrivals among
the offcers of the- camp medical
department are Lieut. Louis Dailey
UGD, and Lieut. Arthur R. Beyer
CJGJ, The former became con-
nected with the camp on October
17, coming here from Houston,
Texas, and the latter on the twenty-
seventh of the same month from
Another coincidence which might
be ascribed to the war is the meet-
ing, after many years, of three of
the graduates of the University of
Texas. At the time of Dr. Dailey's
8Taduation, Dr. Wilson was an un-
dergraduate. Upon his arrival Dr.
Dailey was immediately recognized,
and he in turn remembered Dr.
Jones as a graduate before him.
Pharmacist Marion Lee Dickinson,
the head of the Hospital Corps,
arrived here on May 1, after
encircling half of the globe to do so.
He was formerly connected with the
Naval Hospital in Yokahoma, Japan.
Instead of writing of the different
ships and stations he has been on
it would be a great deal easier to
write of those he has not been on.
Aside from the duti-es of head of the
Hospital Corps he supervises the
ofiice work in both dispensaries.
Chief Pharmacist's Mate Marvin
Norwood Hine, was the first hos-
pital corpsman to arrive at the
camp. He was detailed here from
the New Orleans station on October
22, 1917. Previous to that he
was on the U. S. S. Machias with
Dr. Wilson. His many years' of
service both at sea and on stations
in the old Navy furnished him with
the experience necessary to assume
the difficult task of assisting in the
opening of the new camp. -
From the balmy days prior to
the inrush of recruits, to the latest
battle against inliuenza, the medical
department has always stood ready
to support the station in whatever
it has undertaken. From mos-
quitoes to " ilu " the Hospital Corps
and Medical Corps have always
had at least one eye constantly on
the alert for the interests of the men
on the station.
LESLIE R. TARR,
Ph. M. 2c, U. S. N.
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HEN the buildings and the
grounds that are now oc-
cupied by the Gulfport
Naval Training Camp were origin-
ally planned it was determined to
use what is now building No. 5 for
the Woman's Art Exhibit. But at
present few things could be more
widely different from the primary
intentions of those who planned
the building than the uses to which
it is now being put. It is recom-
mended that no ladies attempt to
discover just wherein this difference
It is in this place that the re-
cruit, arriving here in civilian attire,
starts to undergo the necessary
metamorphosis that must take place
for a man to change from civil life
to that of a sailor.
His first act is to sign up for a
bag, hammock and mattress, that
replace or substitute for his suit
case, hand bag, trunk, top dresser
drawer, chiffonier, wardrobe, bed,
cot, and such other articles as he
may have used to contain his worldly
belongings and on which he had
been accustomed to repose.
Next, he is told to take off all
his clothes and pack them in his
grip to be sent back home, keeping
out only those articles and valuables
that he may be allowed to take with
him. This includes his money, his
watch, his fountain pen, his girl's
picture and his sock supporters.
One recruit was caught trying to
get by with an umbrella and a pair
of hand-embroidered sheets. It is
thought that he had read that there
was a great deal of falling water in
the Navy, and had seen some refer-
ence to the " top sheets" and
" stern sheets " and was a believer
in preparedness. Among many
other articles that failed to pass the
censor there might be mentioned,
a pair of Mexican spurs, a Colts "45",
a set of golf clubs and a pair of
Next, the applicant takes a bath
and is ready to be examined by the
medical officer, who gives him a
thorough going over to determine
his fitness or unfitness for the Navy.
Following this examination, if he is
passed, he receives his first injec-
tion of anti-typhoid serum and his
cow-pox vaccination. If for any
reason 'he is not passed his own
clothes are returned to him and he
is sent back home.
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The next step is to outfit the ac-
cepted recruit with his new clothes.
The supply officer issues him quite
an assortment of Navy clothes that
at first appear to be good for most
anything except to wear. After
several attempts, and in spite of
suggestions offered by the three-
week-old "salts " who may be
standing around, he gets most of
his clothes on correctly and emerges
into " D " camp in a more or less
dazed condition, where a new and
varied set of adventures await him.
Lieut. LAFAYETTE T. MILLER,
ES, I have been through the
receiving building. Istarted
v in at that front door and had
Just passed through when somebody
said, " Sign for your bag and ham-
mock." I did not know what those
things were and didn't want them
anyway, but so many people had
told me to sign things since I first
walked into the recruiting station
at Dallas, and I had signed them
for all of them, and could see no
reason why I should not accommo-
date this man by signing his piece
of paper too. Navy people have
fallen for this getting folks' auto-
graph worse than any other bunch
I ever saw. Well, I signed it and
he pointed to a big bundle of some-
thing tied up with a rope and said,
" That's yours." I didn't recognize
anything except the rope it was
tied with and later was dismayed
to learn that even the rope must
be given a new name, and must
henceforth be called a "lashing "
Or a " line."
'At any rate, I took it, together
with the empty sack that was with
It and went through a door and
was told to take all my clothes off
and make a bundle of themg to put
my things that I could take with
me in the bag, and turn my valuables
over to the man in the next room.
I asked what I could take with me
and the guard said, " Nothing."
So I put that in my bag and holding
my Ingersoll and my 351.43 in one
hand, my newly-acquired bag and
hammock in the other, I went
through another door. There, a
man took my clothes and mixed
them with a big pile of the same he
already had and asked me where I
wanted them sent. Then, the ignor-
ant cuss asked me what country
Dallas was in. I also told my wealth
goodbye there. I don't know why
they asked me if I had any tobacco,
or why they looked so disappointed
when I said, "No."
Then I went through another
door. CI guess you think there are
lots of doors to go through.J Well,
if you will visit that building you'll
think so even more than you do
now. Anyhow, they told me to take
a shower bath. I asked for a towel
and the guard said, " You don't get
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no towel." Iasked him how I could
get the soap out of my eyes, and
he said, "Don't worry, you don't
get no soap, either."
Then I went to the doctor. I
don't remember half of the things
that happened to me there, but I
know they weighed me, measured
me, listened to me, whispered words
at me, scratched my arm with a
pin, an.d then stuck a needle in my
other arm. Then, I don't know
exactly what happened, but when
I woke up I heard the doctor say,
"I wonder what makes them fall
out that way. "
After that I was directed around
to a little window where they were
issuing clothes. There were about
twenty of us to be outfitted. We
were accustomed to tell whoever
we got clothes from what size we
wore, the colors we preferred and
demand to see how things looked
" in the back " before accepting
them. Consequently, we wanted to
argue the subject with the man at
the window, but he seemed to be as
independent as a ticket seller at an
opera house. A number of argu-
ments were constantly going on
there that ran about like this:
"I can't wear this jumper, it's
"Go on and wear it. It will
stretch when you use it a while."
"I don't want these pants, they
are too big."
" Go on and wear them, they will
draw up when you wash them."
" These shoes don't fit me."
They are your shoes, ain't they? "
Well, if your own shoes don't
fit you, don't blame it on me."
Etc., etc., etc.
Finally, when I had succeeded in
getting a few clothes on, some one
hollered at me, " This is no dressing
room. Carry your stuff to your
So, with a few pieces on, a few
under my arm, and the rest in my
bag, and half-carrying, half-dragging
my hammock, mattresses and blank-
ets, I managed to stagger out of
the last door, bewildered with all
that had happened. I was wonder-
ing what was coming next, and
feeling sure that the worst was over,
when someone with a gun strapped
around his waist, yelled, " Hey,
Boot, where the h-- are you
I know my troubles are not over
but there is one thing for which
I am thankful. I am through with
the receiving building.
THE SUPPLY DEPARTMENT
Paymaster R. P. Lockett, Supply
HE distinction of being the
most versatile man on the
camp as well as the most en-
thusiastic in the many activities of
business and pleasure in which he
engages, belongs to Paymaster R.
P. Lockett, supply oflicer, who was
born in Caldwell, Burleson County,
Texas, October 3, 1889, the son of
.Ludge Charles Clay Lockett. His
education in both law and finance,
HS well as his business experience
with the largest machinery supply
house in the South from office boy
to sales manager, give him a broad
insight into affairs and materials.
i In the following articles concern-
mg the Supply Department, one can
gain an idea of the many irons he
has in the fire on this camp. Aside
from this he engages in every sport
and has an important part in every
Communal enterprise. As racon-
teur and entertainer, no one can
match him. In this he is aided by
the wealthy sources of humorous
experience in the canteen and com-
He was commissioned a Lieuten-
ant in the Navy on May 26, 1917,
assigned as supply officer of the
District and has been supply officer
of this camp since January 17, 1918.
Every branch of the Supply De-
partment here was established by
U! R It
HE Supply Department, with
Lieut. Robert P. Lockett in
command, under the com-
mandant, is the cornucopia from
which all the materials and sup-
plies used in the camp flow in the
great plenty which Uncle Sam pours
out to his men in Navy Blue.
In terms of civilian activity Lieu-
tenant Lockett outfitted and con-
1. A general supply store, called
a G. S. K., in which hardware, boat
fittings, cordage, stationery, furni-
ture, bedding, electrical supplies,
machinery, structural supplies and
any other needed material are kept
in stock or purchased for immediate
2. A hotel fitted with dining and
sleeping accommodations for two
thousand men. ,
3. A clothing, shoe and hat store,
as well as a haberdashery.
4. A grocery store which supplies
the families of men and women in
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the service, Army or Navy, in this
vicinity. Deliveries are made to
the doors of the customers in motor-
trucks. The Public Works Depart-
ment acts as contractor for de-
liveries, charging the supply oliicer
a certain mileage. Monthly bills
are sent the credit customers, col-
lections made and recorded, the
stock list is circularized, as well as
any new changes in system, and
efforts are made to understand the
demand and supply it in the usual
commercial manner. This is called
a commissary store.
5. A canteen in which are sold at
retail for cash, cigars, tobacco, can-
dies, stationery, notions, toilet ar-
ticles, and refreshments.
As purchasing ofi cer for the Naval
Hospital and cooperating supply
offcer for the commercial activities,
under Chaplain Taylor, i. e., ath-
letics, barber shop, tailor shop
laun.dries, etc., a host of other branches
of trade come under the hand of
Lieut. R. P. Lockett is bonded
and personally responsible for the
property in his charge. In making
purchases and contracts the uni-
versal method of the Bureau of
Supplies and Accounts must be fol-
lowed, which insures .fairness to
dealers and contractors, as well as
regularity. An accounting system
must be maintained, which must
conform exactly to the regulations
and customs universally in force in
the Navy, in order that the local
accounts be in perfect accord with
the grand controlling ledgers of the
Bureau of Supplies and Accounts in
Washington, which deals in ten-
The vouchers which substantiate
disbursements for supplies are pre-
pared in the Supply Department and
paid in the disbursing office. A
mutual responsibility rests here.
Paymaster John Landesco is as-
sistant to Paymaster Lockett, and
takes his place in his absence. He
is Paymaster Lockett's shadow, but
a magic shadow which comes to life
when necessaryg a mid-morning
shadow, being shorter and broader
than the object.
N telling about the G. S. K. de-
partment and system, from an
interview with G. S. K. men,
one feels as though he ought to ap-
proach this subject in his Prince
Albert Chis long suitj, clear his
throat, drink the glass of water on
the rostrum clear down, and in
solemn tones begin a learned lec-
ture, much in the manner of one
who would develop the subject of
influences of heredity on the indi-
vidual, based upon the origin of
species, for G. S. K. is far-reaching
in the Naval system and the re-
ciprocal infiuences and effects be-
tween it and all other Naval activi-
ties and departments are apparent
For the purpose of this article
those anointed to be G. S. K. men
will permit me to speak in general
terms, omitting some of the finer
technical details that can only be
understood by the elect.
Materials in the Navy, as out-
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side, are either to supply a general
continuous demand, or for special
purpose, arising at times. The
former it is advisable to keep in
stock, the latter, to purchase only
at the particular time when in de-
mand and only in demanded quan-
tity. The materials of the former
class are standardized in the Navy
as to quality and form and classi-
fied under sixty-six classes, each
article having a separate stock num-
ber and listed in the Standard Cata-
logue, a book of very large dimen-
sion.s. For each article there is a
distributing point and when Gulf-
port needs a stock of any one of the
standard stock articles, a shipping
request mailed to the distributing
point brings on a shipment. The
distributing points are Navy Yards,
and no money is exchanged in the
transaction. An invoice adjusts the
books at both the issuing and re-
Materials needed for a special
Purpose at a particular time which
are not stocked are purchased from
dealers in open purchase.
A request from the department
which needs the material giving
specifications is addressed to the
Supply Officer who O. K.'s it, if in
terms of commercial usage the de-
mand is reasonable. A requisition
is now in order.
Mrs. Velma G. Steele, Y. lc., is
in charge of making requisitions on
an approved form, classifying the
items according to Standard Cata-
logue and making sure, by reference
to the chief storekeeper, that ma-
terial is not in stock here, or at a
distributing point, and estimating
probable cost. Such requisitions
must then be approved by the Sup-
ply Oficer, the Commandant, the
Bureau of Supplies and Accounts,
and any other bureau which is re-
sponsible for the department or
officer who made the original re-
When the requisition has been
approved it returns from Washing-
ton right into the hands of Frank
Y. Orfila, Y. c. Cvia the Supply
Offcerb, and Frank looks up in his
directories the names of all the deal-
ers who handle the material in ques-
tion. He sends out his proposals
by mail and "All the dealer has to
do," says Frank, "is to fill in the
prices in the column on the right,
as well as the blank space, stating
how long it will take him to deliver
the goods,.and sign it."
When the proposals return from
the dealers, properly filled out, they
are again in the hands of Chief Yeo-
man Orfila and his assistant, Miss
Hattie Murphy, Y. lc. They tabu-
late the prices and, at the proper
time, lay it on the desk of the Sup-
ply Offcer. The prices are then
compared, as to time of delivery
and adherence to specifications.
The lowest bidder who adheres to
specifications and promises to de-
liver in the shortest tirr e, gets the
award' The Award
Many are the business men who
wait for that form called an "Award,"
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with the signature of Paymaster
Lockett which is made out by J. F.
Carmichael, Y. lc. "Making outan
award is not all that goes with it,"
says Carmichael. "Dealers might
be awarded our business, but they
must be followed up to make sure
that they deliver as promised."
Which brings on more talk about
scarcity of material and all that.
"Anyway you have to watch 'em."
Shipping and Receiving
Now then, a bill of lading comes
in the morning mail showing that
the aforesaid dealer has shipped via
a half dozen railroads. Who pays
the freight? Well, that depends on
the agreement. If Uncle Sam does,
his right hand transportation mar,
at this camp, S. V. Ernest, Y. lc,
makes out proper vouchers. If it
is lost in transit, he traces, if it
is short in shipment, he protests.
If it is damaged en route, he noti-
fies. All of which is done by keep-
ing right behin.d him. Who is the
big Him? The dealers, the car-
riers, the railroad administrator.
Material has arrived. It has been
received, inspected and passed, it
checks with the requisition., the pro-
posal, the award. " Does it?" " Let
me see," says Chief Yeoman David
Rosenthal, public bill clerk. And
when he looks he sees clear back
into its birth and early history down
to modern times, for this public bill
and all the substantiating vouchers
have kept many a paymaster up
nights after a wrong payment has
been made on it by a disbursing
officer. Yeoman. Rosenthal and his
assistant, Mrs. C. Fallon, Y. lc, have
a double responsibility.
1. To the Supply Officer.
2. To the Disbursing Officer.
The Navy is now sole owner of
this material. It is either for stock,
or for issue. If it is for stock, it is
taken up on the xstock records in
one particular class of the sixty-six
and Chief Yeoman Gray is the cus-
todian of Uncle Sam's stock. If
you want a bicycle, a nice red one
with coaster brakes and electric
lights and everything-all you have
to do is go to Chief Yeoman Gray.
All he will ask you for is a stub
requisition and here is the rub,-a
stub. Only five men in this camp
have credit in Uncle Sam's stock
room. The stub must be signed by
one of these five men, the sum total
of whose gold stripes equal four-
teen. Chief Gray says we handle
anything from soups to nuts, from a
sail needle to a carload of coal, or
the machinery for a pumphouse.
In the Navy records of all money
transactions and property must be
kept, in mesh with a mammoth sys-
tem which is minutely classified and
arranged with micrometer accuracy
and a system of wheels within
wheels. The transmission being re-
turns and reports, weekly, monthly,
quarterly, semi-annual, annual and
upon chan.ge of supply officers.
Maria McCaughan, Y. lc and J. A.
Hansen, Y. 3c are in charge.
THE COMMISSARY DEPARTMENT
pnrnun w pzuc-:ent
V' IME-4:30 p. m. any day.
" Hello-131? "
"Commissary office, Mr.
" Two hundred rookies arrive at
six. Have chow for them. Also,
We are letting three hundred an.d
fifty men out of " D " camp, have
their chow ready at the mess hall.
That's all. - Goodbyf'
" That's all-goodbyf' " Good-
If one has ever brought home that
" unexpected friend " and has seen
the commotion an.d confusion that
ensues, he would naturally hesitate
'CO think of the consequences mul-
tiplied by five hundred and fifty.
But does confusion occur when the
above situation appears? No: an
easier method called "passing the
buck" comes into play.
Mr. Gaustad merely phones Chief
Thompson at the main galley. His
work is now done. This aforesaid
-chief commissary steward passes the
buck to Champagne, the head cook.
Champagne passes the buck to
" Swede," the Jack-of-the-Dust.
The Jack-of-the-Dust passes the buck
'EO his assistants. The unlucky as-
-Sistants pass the necessary food to
the cooks. The commissary Ford
truck passes noiselessly back and
forth from galley to storehouse-and
the whole thing is done!
The official head of the Commis-
sary Department is Lieutenant
Lockett. Mr. Gaustad is in charge
of the departfr ent and its sub-
divisions. The Commissary De-
partment includes the commissary
office, main. galley, the mess hall,
" D " galley, main storehouse, freight
shed, and one untiring Ford truck.
The most important subdivisions
of the Commissary Department are
the mess halls and the main galley.
The main galley is in charge of a
Chief Commissary Steward W. E.
Thompson. This chief commissary
steward's duty is to make out the
daily menu and see that the galley
crews maintain their efficiency.
The main galley's equipment is
ample and strictly modern, consist-
ing of one ten-hole range, six fifty-
gallon steamer pots, six small steam-
ers, meat chopping and mixing ma-
chines, potato-peeling machines with
a peeling capacity of fifty pounds a
minute, steam sterilizers, etc. The
galley has for its crew, six cooks to a
watch, and from six to ten strikers.
The Jack-of-the-Dust Depart-
ment is under the autocratic and
imperial command of one " Swede "
Wessman, the "lightning calcula-
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tor " of the Navy. He has two able
assistants who are in charge of the
storeroom and the cold storage room.
The Jacks issue all food used by the
galley, except fresh meats.
The mess halls are in charge of
five master at arms. These five
master at arms, are in charge of
eighty mess cooks who clear tables,
distribute food, clean up the hall.
Twenty mess cooks are detailed to
wash the pots, pan.s and mess
The men seldom take over fifteen
minutes to eat, that is unless the
band happens to be playing a par-
ticularly tantalizing " jazz " tune.
After the men have finished eating,
the mess cooks clear the tables,
sweep up and scrub the deck,
benches, tables, and reset the tables
for the next meal. This generally
takes about two hours.
Occasionally some men don't think
the food just right an.d go to the
commissary office an.d tell Mr. Gau-
stad their gastronomic troubles. He
listens patiently and if their com-
plaints are just, he investigates.
The Commissary Department does
not try to please the individual
taste of over two thousand men, but
the majority seem to like the brand
served, and even those complaining
the loudest always, for some un-
known reason., gain weight.
The detention camp galley oper-
ates invconjunction with the main
The main storehouse wherein all
canned goods, flour, sugar, tea and
etc, are kept, is in charge of H. S.
McC1anahan an.d three assistants.
This department unloads and stores
all dry provisions used by the camp.
Lastly comes the freight shed.
This important department assumes
various responsibilities, issuing all
fresh vegetables not kept in cold
storage. The task of head shedman
is heavy-his responsibilities are
great-so great that the first shed-
man lasted only one month.
In order to accomplish its daily
routine the Commissary Depart-
ment is forced to have help from
the officer of the day and the Public
Works Department. The officer of
the day is called upon to furnish men
for working parties for un.loading
cars and helping to store provisions.
The first general mess on April
26, 1918, was small-only 125 men
-but the Commissary Depart-
ment was also very small. The
entire personnel consisted of Mr.
Gaustad, two men. in the commis-
sary office, and fourteen. men in the
It is hard to say just how much
credit the camp gives the Commis-
sary Department. No one knows.
But the fact remains that they de-
serve all they get. The Commis-
sary Department never sleeps. The
men. in the camp must be fed, re-
gardless of rain or shine. The per-
sonnel of the Commissary Depart-
ment has no holidays. The men of
the camp have only to eat on holi-
days-but the Commissary Depart-
men.t must work. The watch-word
of the Commissary Department is
"Always on the job."
AYMOND OTIS NEW-
BERRY, from "Back Bay,
Boston," arrived at the " D "
Camp to give his services to the
nation, as landsman for yeoman.
He had tried all ways an.d means
'CO become an " officer " since the
declaration of war, as a man of
his social standing should be, but
examinations and other annoying
details have brought him to the
decision that he must go in " a com-
mon enlisted man."
From the depot at Gulfport he
Came in a truck, along with the
Very fellows he saw in the smoker
through the chair-car door, saw them
Collarless and coatless, enjoying a
game of dice.
U SHY, what ye goin' to do wid
de glad rags," asks one of these
truck passengers. "Go to pink,
" They won't stand salt water
Spots," says another.
Rfiymond surmises that they refer
'EO his clothes and mumbles an angry
answer under his breath, to hear
his well tailored business suit with
the fashionable military cut, re-
ferred to in such manner!
On the camp he has been through
the first three degrees, undress, bath,
and physical examination. During
the physical exam he had made a
number of attempts to impress upon
the doctor that he was really
"social" material for the "Officers
Club," but was interrupted a num-
ber of times by said medico, asking
questions about his physical his-
He now stan.ds in the "Clothes
Line," waiting for his issue of clothes,
behind him are fifty or so more re-
cruits. His mind is so occupied that
his slow advances are made by im-
petus from behind. In his mind he
pictures himself the perfectly fitted
and groomed " Hero " that he ought
to appear to his " Claricia " in the
picture which he is going to send
" Youlre next! Move up! Here
comes a 32-33-38, shove'm out,"
calls Chief Yeoman McDonough in
charge of the department, and pants,
blouses, underwear, neckerchiefs,
blue, white and black, are blown as
paper in the Whirlpool of a Chicago
wind, with Raymond in the center
of it. 3
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"And a 9-F hoof," adds McDon-
ough. " SIGN HERE."
Later, the same day, the mirror
disclosed to Raymond that the
blouse exposes his chest too much,
that the trousers felt tight in the
seat and the shoes are " unspeak-
ably rough looking."
He is disgruntled and returns to
the Clothing and Small Stores, with
his protest quivering on his lips,
tears in his angry eyes. A company
is going through a periodical re-
outfitting, a master at arms is over-
seeing the forward movement like
a traffic cop, Raymond stops at the
end of the line, but feelings are too
high for useless waiting which causes
him to be first ordered, then "col-
lared " back to the end.
" This is an outrage! I want you
to understand I came into the Navy
through patriotic motives! How
can I be seen in these clothes?" He
protests, as he reaches the window.
McDonough catches the idea, as
you note, in this question.
" Well, supposing you tell me all
about it and we'll get the Comman-
" Nothing fits me. These shoes
are too broad and I'll have a foot
like a day-laborer if I wear them.
Let me in and I'll try on a few more
until I find a neater looking pair,"
" You know you get a one hundred-
dollar allowance of clothes, don't
" When I issued those clothes
you got 'em didn't you?"
" They're yours, ain't they?"
" What d'ye bring 'em to me for?
Good bye. Call again when you
can stay longer."
" Well," explained McDonough,
to me, "clothes in the Navy are
not individual. We don't advertise
that way. It's like insuran.ce, they
know your longevity from an aver-
age life and I know him and his size
from an average size-up, see."
" Pax Vobiscumf' said I, and
J OHN LANDEsco,
INTERIOR OF BARRACKS
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HE canteen man is the con-
fectioner and stationer of the
camp, and it is no small store
at that. A store with a 515,000 stock
and three to five hundred dollars
in sales per day is generally con-
sidered a big store, in this branch
of trade. On the Gulf Coast, it is
Chief Yeoman Bolinski, who is in
charge, is himself a character of
interest-a " hash-mark " man, an
ex-constabulary mounted policeman,
etc., a business man in civilian life.
But that is neither here nor there
in this story.
While the profits of a Naval can-
teen, or " Ship's Store," are fixed
at 15 per cent on gross sales, the
business acumen of its manager may
gain material advantages for his
trade, and his " shipmates " by
judicious purchasing and choice of
stock, as well as by avoiding dam-
aged stock, for all such losses come
out of the profits. No other fund
The profits are devoted to the
athletic fund.' The entire complete-
ness of the athletic equipment of
the camp and the large balance in
the athletic fund bear witness to the
efficiency of the canteen's manage-
It may be said for Bolinski and
his force, under the policy and guid-
ance of Paymaster Lockett, that he
has conserved the interests of his
r Ifaiub, Iam, ilack anh Queen
T is the cool, brilliant morning
of November 12, 1918, five hours
ago the world war closed, to give
way to the Big American Idea, in
every nook and corner of the world.
No emphasis nor proclamation of
mine can make the greatest day in
the world's history, one hair greater.
I am writing in the canteen, try-
ing to tell about it. Why the chron-
icle? Because those who here stand
in line are under no restraint and
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their reactions are exposed in the
remarks in the line and over the
counter. " The ice cream is done
sol' out. We have a-sorted pops that
we got to sell so we can go home fo'
da war is over," says Mullady,
" Gimme a dope before you go
back to rat-catchin.'," says number
one in line.
"I always thought Mullady had
a political job from his looks," adds
All of this time Mrs. Watson is on
guard, for a fire captain. from Texas
is telling her his history and how he
could make a woman happy as the
captainfs wife. With this rejoinder:
" The Admiral was just in here
and of course I stood up at atten-
tion. He looked at this box and
said in his fine voice: ' What is that
box doing there?' 'Well,' said I,
'you know I work very hard but
sometimes we get a half-minute to
sit down and I use this box.'
'Well,' ordered the Admiral,
'when Warrant Carpenter Wiener
comes around, have him make you
something real comfortable to sit
So Mrs. Watson. goes on telling
the fire captain how she would only
love a big real man, when a seaman's
guard gets his next at the ice cream
" Say, Mullady, let me in, I want
to speak to Mrs. Watson."
" Come right in, boy."
" Do you suppose I could get out
of the Navy so I can go back and
get married? The girl writes me
there is another fellow callin' on
her and she's gettin' older, you
And Mrs. Watson goes on to en-
courage him. At the same time
exchanging greetings and selling to
dozens of sailors, and officers, high
The canteen is the Forum of the
Camp, the lid of restraint is off and
men. speak freely as they trade
money for " goodies." If you want
to put your ear to the ground, go
to the canteen.
" SHIP'S COMPANY "
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IME was, when the operation
of the Commissary Store was
a one-man job, presided over
by Commissary Steward Melancon.
The stock was limited and he had
but few customers to disturb the
even tenor of his daily routine.
Time went on, business began to
pick up, but it was at this juncture
that lucky Melancon was trans-
ferred to the hospital galley.
Help, especially clerical help, was
scarce, so after having cast vainly
about for an experienced commis-
sary man, Paymaster Lockett was
compelled to deplete his own force
in the G. S. K. department by two.
He selected J. R. McCoy, Y. lc, and
J. M. Rauch, S. K. lc, to carry on
the work, and with the assistance of
Florence Bailey, Y. 2c, their careers
as grocers began.
In those days there was no truck
detailed by the Public Works De-
partment for the use of the Com-
missary Store alone, so that the
daily requisition of fresh bread,
Sugar, flour, ice and other supplies
were hauled in trucks by man-power
from the galley and the Commis-
sary Stores building. Bookkeeping
and other paper work was inter-
spersed with periods of cutting ham
and fresh meat, with the result that
the work was far from satisfactory.
Outside business grew by leaps
and bounds, but still no help was
available, and those on duty had
reached the point of desperation
when Chief Commissary Steward
G. L. King came to the rescue and
Rauch is the sole member of the-
original crew still aboard the good
ship Commissary Store, and is Chief
King's right hand man, while Went-
zell and Bailey, later arrivals, are
fast learning the Navy's way of
In times of leisure, Chi-ef King is
wont to hark back to the days he
spent on the " briny." Nothing is
ever put over so good that he doesn't
know a better way, the " way they
did it on the Pelrelf'
THE DISBURSING OFFICER AND FORCE
ISBUKSI G FFICE
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EHOLD emerging from a stack
of pay slips and allotments
and insurance blanks and pub-
lic bills and rating slips and check-
ages and checks and cash books and
returns, the most popular man on
the camp on pay days, Paymaster
Otis J. Tall, disbursin.g officer, called
" tall " for "short," the owner of
the only automobile that is housed
in a Naval disbursing office on rainy
days, clock tender, first-class of the
Ancient and Exalted Order of Breth-
Baltimore, Md., is famous in con-
temporary history for a great Demo-
cratic convention and the birth of
our disbursing officer on March 14,
1894. Here he also attended the
public schools and the Boys' Latin
School. He studied Mechanical
Engineering at the Lehigh Uni-
versity an.d was graduated a Bachelor
of Economics at the University of
Pennsylvania, in the Wharton School
of Finance. This with an eye to
He entered the Navy by examina-
tion in June, 1917. Previous to his
appointment as paymaster he served
in the Army for a few months ad-
vancing from private to sergeant
in the Ordnance Department. He
received his training as paymaster
at the U. S. Arsenal at Augusta,
Ga., and the Pay Officers' School at
Washington, D. C.
January 1, 1918, is the date of
his arrival at the Naval Training
Camp, Gulfport. His main hobby
is Warrant Carpenter Jerry Wiener,
than whom he is a fraction of an
ilaisturp uf the Rap QBffice
ACK in the dark ages before
the natives began to ask,
" When will the boys come
in?" the disbursing officer arrived at
2 o'c1ock one morning, on an eigh-
teen-hour-late train. However, he
soon realized that the eighteen hours
made no difference because there
was no angry pay line waiting for
the window to open. He was told
to be patient, get his outfit together,
find an office, and wait for business
to pick up.
Finding yeomen for the pay office
at Gulfport required more than
patience. They finally arrived
though, along with a few desks and
chairs, all of which congregated in
the north wing of the Administra-
tion Building. About this time Pay
Clerk Falconer arrived upon the
Then. the executive officer decided
that he needed more room, and the
pay office moved in.to building num-
ber six, otherwise known as the
" House of the Leaky Roof." Sub-
sequently the inevitable happened,
-the " boys " came in and the dis-
bursing office has been a scene of
much action ever since.
There are bills to pay for all the
chow consumed and supplies re-
quired by the camp. If you don't
believe it, ask First Class Yeoman
Turner, for he attends to most of
the details of this job. Chief Yeo-
man " Dot " Washington is a pay-
roll shark and keeps Wooten, Brown,
E. Washington, Kahn and Mize
busy making entries on the rolls.
Murchison and Wallen are strikers.
Allotments and insurance occupy
most of the time of Sneed and
Twice a month about two thou-
san.d Gobs line up and real money is
shoved at them over the counter
illibe Quuh Qbip 3Bap QBffimz
Scene: The Pay Office.
Time: Any rainy morning.
QThe curtain rises slowly. Male
chorus of yeoman in rowboats paddle
slowly along the aisles between desks
singing the opening chorus :D
" We are the checkers of the pay
And right good checkers too.
We never overlook an entry on the
For we check the whole damn crews
Yes, we check the whole damn crew."
CThe wake of a periscope appear,
and the chorus tie up to their re-
spective desks. Submarine comes
Pay Clerk Falconer: Have you
" buckos " made the morning check-
" Dol " Washington Cleading chorus
many: Yes, sir, all except the hos-
pital fees. There was a man here
just now who wanted to draw a
pair of socks.
Pay Clerk Falconer: What did you
" Dol" Washington: I told him
that he'd have enough money on
the books by April, 1923.
Pay Clerk Falconer: Very good.
Play safe for the pay 0fIclC6. The
tide is pretty high this morning.
How is the roof?
to the surface and Pay Clerk Fal- TWW75 Bad, Sir- Just took 3
coner appears on deck.J
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sounding, no bottom at ten sir and
nothing but rain in sight.
CSound of horn: En.ter Paymaster
Tall in flivver floating on barge.j
All : Good morning Paymaster!
Payrnaster: Good morning men.
Has the safe been located yet?
Wooten: Yes, sir. The divers are
working now and hope to have it
to the surface by pay day.
Paymaster: Good. Any repairs to
Brown: Here comes a Public Works
man now with a bucket of tar.
CEnter Carpenter Wien.er of Pub-
lic Works with bucket of tar.j
CSongJ " The Merry Sailor and
Wiener: I repair the roofs on this
All: " Sing hey the merry sailor
that you are."
Wiener: I wear spiked shoes 3 you'l1
see through observation.
All: " Sing hey the merry sailor
and the tar."
Wiener: The sun comes out and
the tar leaks through,
And when it rains, the rain does too,
But what else is there I can do?
All: Sing hey the merry sailor
and the tar,
The merry, merry sailor, the merry,
merry sailor, U
The merry, merry sailor and the tar.
CRepeated with hornpipe by
QA ripple appears in the main
aisle and the head of Ensign McEi1i-
gott appears on the surface.J
Ensign MCE: Throw me a line!
Ensign MCE Creappearing on sur-
facej: If some of you birds don't
throw me a line, I'l1 drop this safe.
All: Hooray, the safe is found.
CKahn and Mize throw a line to
Mr. MCE and rescue him with the
Mr. McE Cholding out 2,000
pound safe in right handy: So this
has been stopping up my sewers, eh?
Entire Outpts " Come gather
round, the safe is found,
We're going to have pay day to-
When the ghost walks is when money
We're going to drown all your sor-
We pay twice a month and make
We've got it on Boston and also
Our money is new and you won't
get the 'flu'
From the dough that we pay you
Repeal: From the dough that We
pay you to-morrow.
NOTE-Acts II and, III rejected
by the censor.
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OUR CHAPLAIN AND HIS CO-WORKERS
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P-'ff-.3 SAMUEL LEVIN
HAPLAIN TAYLGR, Camp
Chaplain, was born in Troy,
'N. Y., on April 1, 1877.
He comes of a family of ministersg
his father, brother and brother-in-
law all being ministers of the Gospel.
He is a graduate of the Warrensburg
Academy, Troy Conference Academy
and Union University. '
Upon completion of his course at
the University, Chaplain Taylor
entered the Methodist ministry.
His first two parishes were in West-
ern Vermont in 1906. On October
23, 1901, he married Dorothy Eliza-
beth Kereste, of Schenectady, N. Y.
LeRoy, Jr., born May 19, 1911, is
the only child. He was called to the
pastorate of the First Methodist
Episcopal Church at Schenectady,
N. Y. This is one of the largest
churches in Methodism and is the
church which the chaplain had
attended five years previously, while
still a college boy.
On March 23, 1907, Chaplain
Taylor organized the Trinity Metho-
dist Episcopal Church of Schenec-
tady and during his pastorate there
was instrumental in the building of
one of the most " down-to-date "
church edifices in New York State.
His denomination having recog-
nized his special ability in handling
men, recommended him for chaplain
in the Navy, and President Taft
commissioned him junior lieutenant
on December 23, 1910.
Chaplain Taylor's first cruise was
aboard the U. S. S. Indiana, which
left Annapolis for Europe on June 5,
1911. The U. S. S. Indiana re-
turned in September of the same
year and Chaplain Taylor was im-
mediately transferred to the Pacific
fleet and at the end of his cruise was
ordered to the training station at
Newport, R. I. From there the
chaplain was transferred to the
Fourth Regiment of Marines, then
stationed at the Exposition Grounds,
San Diego, Cal. When this regi-
ment made their expeditions to
Mexico and San Domingo, in 1906,
Chaplain Taylor accompanied them.
During the battles fought in the
San Domingo expedition Chaplain
Taylor displayed such courage in
assisting the Medical Corps, that he
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received a letter of commendation
from Secretary Daniels.
Chaplain Taylor was then trans-
ferred from the Fourth Regiment of
Marines to the flagship of the Pacific
fleet, an.d on May 6, 1917, left with
the fleet under command of Admiral
Caperton for South America on a
diplomatic cruise. After the object
of the cruise, namely, the winning of
the South American. countries to the
side of the allies, had been accom-
lished, the fleet took up the work of
patrolling the east coast of South
America and clearing the South
Atlantic waters of German raiders
On May 5, 1918, Chaplain
Taylor was transferred to the U. S.
Naval Training Camp at Gulfport,
Miss., where he has been on duty
as Camp Chaplain ever since.
Le Roy Nelson Taylor,
Chaplain, U. S. N.
Miss Mary Hilda Yelverton,
Secretary and Librarian.
William F. Vaught,
Business Manager, Welfare Department.
PON Chaplain Taylor's arrival
at the station, June 14, as
he was the first chaplain as-
signed to this station, it was neces-
sary for him to organize the religious
work. Morning services were ap-
pointedg the Catholic services being
held at 6.45 a. m., conducted by
Rev. H. A. Spanglerg Protestant
services at 9.30 a. m., conducted by
Chaplain Taylor, this was followed
at 11 o'c1ock by a non-sectarian lec-
ture to the detentioners. Services
for the men of Jewish faith were
held by Rabbi Moses, each Friday
evening at 7.15. Dr. Moses has
been assisted from time to time by
Isidore Marx. It will be of interest
to know that Mr. Marx is a native
of Alsace-Lorraine. Through the
week numerous visits were made to
the hospital, where the chaplain
seized the opportunity here granted
for personal religious talks with
Immediately after the arrival of
the Rev. Edward Burger, religious
secretary of the Y. M. C. A., steps
were taken to organize Bible classes,
and to conduct vesper services at
7.30 each Sunday evening. It is
with a great deal of satisfaction that
a large attendance has been noted
at every religious service. Deep
interest has been manifested by
the men in their own spiritual wel-
fare, which has resulted in a large
number of conversions. Permission
was granted for civilians to attend
these services, and large numbers
availed themselves of this oppor-
tunity of worshipping with the
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In the bringing together of large
numbers of men, an important ques-
tion to consider is how to give them
wholesome and instructive enter-
tainment during the unemployed
hours. Chaplain Taylor was ap-
pointed entertainment ofhcer and
with the able assistance of Mr. W. T.
S. Hill, general secretary of the camp
Y. M. C. A., and social sceretary,
Mr. E. H. Strode, this problem was
soon solved by arranging the every
Monday night, moving pictures
and vaudevilleg Tuesday night, box-
ing and wrestling, Wednesday night,
concerts furnished by the people
of the coast, followed by a dance,
Thurs day night Bible, classesg Friday
night, moving pictures and vaude-
villeg Saturday night, was kept open
for entertainers sent to us by the
National Y. M. C. A. headquarters.
All entertainments of the station,
though of a very high character, and
at times involving a considerable ex-
penditure of money, have been
furnished free to the men, and no
man found it necessary to leave the
camp any night in the week in search
of entertainment. The Y. M. C. A.
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also furnished moving picture ma-
chine, screen and reels.
The reading, writing and game
room was also provided, the govern-
ment furnishing it with copies of
all the leading newspapers and maga-
zines of the country, while the Y. M.
C. A. and the Knights of Columbus
furnished writing material and
games. This room, needless to say,
is the most popular rendezvous of
the men and has been most ably
managed by Mr. C. H. Arnall,
welfare secretary of the Y. M. C. A.
A well-equipped library was in-
stalled, and many contributions made
to it by the people of the neighbor-
ing cities and the American Library
Association. Miss Mary Hilda Yel-
verton, the chaplain's secretary, was
placed in charge of the library, and
has found her ability for distributing
books taxed to the limit.
Certain periods of each day have
been spent in training the men to
sing the national airs of the Allied
countries, and the popular war songs
of the hour. Also the Glee Club
and quartets have been organized.
All this work has been most ably
conducted by Mr. Floyd Williams,
f FRTHUR w NUGENT
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better known as "The Gob with the
Golden Voice," who has been offi-
cially designated as the camp song
Volley ball has been introduced
here as a new game but judging
from the way the men have become
interested in it, it seems likely that
it will stay. Two large outdoor
lighted courts for volley ball and
indoor baseball have been ordered
and will be put up outside of the
Coliseum for use all day long. A
volley ball league with one team from
each company is being organized by
Mr. C. M. Snow, assistant physical
director, and these teams will share
the gymnasium floor on a regular
schedule with gymnasium, wrestling
and boxing classes.
The station is also plannin.g to
send a cross-country and track team
to the Service Field Day at New
Orleans on Christmas, for which
teams there are several good ex-
college athletes. Mr. Snow will
have charge of the monthly station
From the beginning things were
found to be necessary for the com-
fort of the men, such as barber shops,
laundry, tailor shops and cobbler
shops. These were all finally estab-
lished an.d, without much effort,
men who had been trained in these
various trades were secured to man
these shops. As a certain percentage
of the profits from these shops was
to go to athletics, and Chaplain
Taylor had been appointed athletic
officer, he was placed in charge,
and immediately chose Mr. William
F. Vaught as business manager.
These shops have all been equipped
with the most modern appliances,
and are doing the very best of work
for the men at a very moderate
price. The system introduced in
this department was the coupon
system, coupon books were purchased
containing twenty live-cent couponsg
these coupons can be used at any
of the above-mentioned shops.
When.ever a man has any work
done he merely has to tear out the
value of the work in coupons,
money transactions being forbidden.
THE BASEBALL TEAM
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N this, as in all other military
camps, athletics has played a
very prominent part. As athletic
officer, Chaplain Taylor has been
most ably assisted by Mr. H. T.
Stegeman, the Y. M. C. A. physical
director. Mr. Stegeman came to
us after several years of most suc-
cessful activities as a physical
director in various colleges.
During the latter part of the sum-
mer months and during the fall, the
station has been represented by a
baseball team. The schedule was
more or less irregular, due to a very
rainy season and the infiuenza epi-
demic in this vicinity, but enough
baseball games were played to prove
the quality of the team. The fact
that there are four big shipbuilding
companies in the immediate vicinity
offered many games, as each com-
pany had a team in the field that
played Class A ball all year. The
most important game of the year
was against Algiers Naval Station,
the latter meeting defeat to the tune
of 9 to 0.
The pitching department was
ably taken care of by Rex Dawson
and Bajuk. Dawson was one of
the first three leading pitchers in the
American Association two years
ago, and pitched gilt-edged ball here.
Dawson has fine speed and a good
curve ball, and should win many
more games. Bajuk is a California
lad, a southpaw with a good fast
ball. Shepardson, an Eastern col-
lege lad, has developed into a fine
receiver. His peg has been deadly
to many attempted steals, and he
is a good hitter. Azzato, the diminu-
tive pastimer, played a star game
at first base. Gus formerly played
semi pro baseball' on Long Island.
Bannon, the present second base-
man, is a new recruit and with a few
more games should be a finished
Thompson, shortstop, comes with
a good record, and a lot of experi-
ence. He broke' into the Interna-
tional League at the age of nineteen,
and has played professional ball
since. He was with the New York
Giants and the Brooklyn Feds one
year each before joining the service.
Gerlach is a western coast player
and a dependable third baseman.
The outfield is composed of O'Hara,
a good fielder. and a fast man 5
"Lefty" Allaud, 135-pound pugi-
list, whose home run with two on
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in the Algiers game broke up the
game, also "Nig " Dodson an ex-
leaguer from the southwest. Apper-
son and Veazy are good utility men.
The promise of the formation of
a winter league may soon be ful-
filled, and the station rooters should
see a good brand of baseball all
winter. The league will probably
be composed of the four shipbuilding
teams, Camp Shelby, two teams
from New Orleans and this station.
During the season the team lost
two good players in Hagedorn, Jer-
sey City catcher, who was trans-
ferred to Pensacola, and Duffy, Holy
Cross second baseman, who was
furloughed back to his college work.
Joe Davis, care-taker of the Ath-
letic department, has proven him-
self a friend of all the station ath-
letes, and gets the unanimous thanks
of the baseball men for his good care
of the personnel men and their
equipment. The uniforms used by
the team were donated by Butler
Brothers of Chicago in answer to a
letter from Physical Director H. T.
After Thanksgiving Day a basket
ball league will be formed on the
station, with each company and
organization represented. It is cer-
tain that this league will develop and
uncover basket ball material for the
station team. With several Navy
and Army camps in our immediate
vicinity a strong schedule is certain,
and it is sure that competition for the
places on the company teams and the
station squad will be keen enough to
bring out the best material we have.
The quarantine placed on all
athletics during the month of Octo-
ber delayed the organization of a
football squad until early in Novem-
ber. With the promise of games
with Spring Hill College, Mobile,
Ala. Camp Shelby, West End Naval
Station, and perhaps one more
service team, a short schedule will
J.-L .A -
At the time this article goes to
press the personnel of the squad is
still uncertain, but it is sure that
some of the college players will be
heard from. The most promising
candidates are Finnerty and Ver-
furth, University of Arizona tackles,
Sief Anderson, all-southern center,
Bridges, University of Mississippi
quarterback, and Johnson a Hospital
corpsman of football experience.
About 50 candidates reported at the
first practice, among them many men
of experience in high schools and
BOXING AND WRESTLING
Every week the sailors are treated-
to boxing and wrestling entertain-
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ment, known as " fite nite " in the
Navy and Army. Every Wednesday
night all the pugilistic stars of the
station are .matched up in their re-
spective weights, and some fine ex-
hibitions of the manly art of self
defense have been given. Along
with the regular bouts one or two
matches known as "grudge " fights
are staged, for the purpose of settling
arguments. After three or four fast
and furious rounds the final hand-
shake invariably mends an inter-
rupted friendship. All such bouts
have been clean, and good from the
standpoint of the crowd.
A few of the most prominent mit
artists are Allaud, Sullivan, Leach,
Steel, and Selman. Allaud, an
amateur, has defeated all comers at
his weight, and is now matched with
the best man from Camp Shelby.
" Lefty " is a popular man with the
station rooters and can be depended
upon to give a good account of him-
self. Sullivan, a 125 pounder, com-es
from New York with a good record
and a long list of fights. Tex Selman
is the title holder of the Southern
Fleet, and for a time held the
championship of the Pacific Fleet.
Tex fights at 155 pounds, and is
scheduled to meet the champion of
Camp Shelby inthe near future.
This camp has a Hne list of good
boxers, and classes have been organ-
ized for the purpose of instruction.
The interest in this sport has been
very keen and classes are well
Lieutenant Perez, lightweight
champion of the SouthernAA.A. U. for
three years, has been put in charge
of wrestling. He is fast developing a
good-sized class of wrestlers and the
near future should see some good
This station was represented at
the Southern A. A. U. swimming
meet held at Birmingham, Ala., by
two of our best swimmers. These
two star performers returned with
four gold medals. Charlie Shields
won the 50-yard, 100-yard and 220-
yard championships for the South,
and Mike Messinger won the 220-
yard breaststroke championship.
With the arrival of the large order
for gymnasium apparatus, the Coli-
seum now has the appearance of a
very modern gymnasium. The
apparatus has been installed and is
in constant use. A gymnasium in-
structor has been furnished by the
Y. M. C. A. and classes in apparatus
work are progressing daily. In
the tumbling events we have A. W.
Nugent, for three years National
A. A. U. championship holder. Gym-
nasium classes are under the direc-
tion of Mr. Smith.
HE great number of jack
stays and clothes lines on
the camp are manifes-
festations of our desire to carry out
the old adage, " Wash your dirty
linens at home." And the laundry,
which brings on more talk,-the
laundry. It is only there for the
benefit of the "idle rich" and it is
the"idle rich,"pedantic and exacting,
who are at the bottom of the trouble.
One man complains that he misses
two shirts out of the current week's
laundry. When the customer tries
to explain to them that laundry
shrinks in the washing he asks the
familiar question " Does linen shrink
Then the officer's " whites." One
ofiicer brings in his clothes, and says,
" make them all starch," Five days
later he returns and threatens to re-
port the hapless laundryman to the
Chaplain, claiming that his under-
wear was starched too much, and
his whites not enough. In the
anxiety to satisfy, great pains are
taken to put plenty of starch into
the baneful " whites." The officer
returns and claims that he cannot sit
down in them. " It takes a phi-
losopher to be a camp laundryman,"
says E. B. Little in charge of the
Main Camp Laundry.
Complaints from the enlisted men
are usually dealt with diplomati-
cally. " Why is it the collar on my
whites is always yellow? Why don't
you get it white? " persists one of the
gobs. " Why don't you wash your
dirty neck," is the answer which
breaks up the argument.
It is well not to take one's self too
seriously, but we believe that E. B.
Little and his assistant, known as
" Whiskey, " are operating an up to
date, fully equipped laundry and that
they are improving as they learn the
many whims and preferences of their
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" Our Model Laundry "
Cleanliness is next to Godliness,
so the good book doth declare, but
if such is really the case what makes
the poor gobs swear every time
their wash comes back from its
trip through " D " camp, with
foreign matter overspread, musty
and oh so damp. The laundry it-
self is 'very modern and washing
should not be risky but God have
mercy on all clothes that are mani-
cured by our " Whiskey." He, the
boss-Grand Mogul-and more,
cheery, and fit as a fiddle, fate
played a funny prank, in having his
last name Little. At first " Whis-
key " wished to save so he used
very little of starch and wrinkled
clothes came from the laundry as
blasted by the Ides of March. Then
to the mobs angry howl did Whis-
key turn his ear, and when he heard
those awful knocks 'tis said he
shed a tear. So he changed the
water and used more steam, broke
open the starch box till his lather
A as be
was cream. Then the howl changed,
as fickle mobs do, and louder and
louder it roared for zealous " Whis-
key " had used much starch and
suits were stiff as a board. But
now a happy medium has come,
the clothes are laundered just right.
And even if they go in blue they
are sure to come out white. So
" Whiskey's " troubles are over and
when all is done and said, our only
unanswered laundry question, is,
what makes his nose so red?
T. J. D., Jr.
line iltlp L
They line us up for muster,
They line us up for pay:
We're lined up for inspection
We're lining up all day.
We line up when there's roll call,
For chowg to drillg to prayg
And then sometime they line us up
Just to see how we look that way.
They line us up for guard mount.
At reveille Cto beginj,
We line up when we get our duds
And when a guy kicks in.
We'll be lined up forever
Until we pass away,
And then you'll hear some jackie
" Line up for Judgment Day."
LL NET of Mercy drawn
through an Ocean of
pain! What a fitting
epithet to bestow on that noble or-
ganization, the American Red Cross!
None may be accused of ignorance
of its influence but interest is in-
creased tenfold by a review of the
compass of the work done by these
patient laborers: men and women
of our own sphere who have other
loves than that of barter and gain.
Each apparent result refiects the
subtile influence of magnanimous
lives and noble aspirations.
The military work of this great or-
ganization may be divided into two
services: Camp and foreign. The
latter covers the work of caring for
the needs of the battlefield and
refugees in stricken zones. But the
first service as a whole offers a new
support for the morale of the Army
The men in charge of Camp Ser-
vice Work are the field director and
his assistants. Practically all of the
men serving as field directors are
college graduates of high standing
and ability. These men are all
volunteers, giving their services at
considerable personal sacrifice.
PRTHUR w. Nectar
Such duties are imposed on those
in charge of this work that it requires
men of keen sympathetic under-
standing and copious capacity for
labor, ranging from meeting the
most delicate individual situation
to caring for most urgent needs of
thousands of men.
We are very fortunate in having
for our field director, Charles S.
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Holcombe, a man of proven sterling
worth, upon whom an unlimited
amount of credit is bestowed for
the masterly manner in which the
needs of our men and their families
have been cared for-especially dur-
ing the recent epidemic. To the
families of the deceased, through
him, was exten.ded such aid and
sympathy as to materially soften
the pain of their bereavement. Ma-
terial aid, in the form of sweaters,
already totalling 950, has been given
to the convalescent men of this camp.
In line with the Home Service
work, he has rendered the most
valued service, earning the deep
gratitude of over two hundred of our
shipmates who have been faced by
varied home problems an.d worries.
The Red Cross is not a charitable
service, it is but one mark of appre-
ciation shown to brave men who
attempt the hazards of war, brav-
ing the greatest of sacrifices, that
democracy may be sustained.
The activities directed by Mr.
Holcombe were not restricted to our
relief alone despite the volume of work
done in our midst. Untiring in his
efforts for the relief of suffering, during
a recent emergency on a British ship,
manned by a crew of Lascars, Mr.
Holcombe cared for their sick, receiv-
ing the blessings of Allah even from
the departing men of the East.
It is pleasant to note the efficient
manner in which the recent drastic
situation at Gulfport and Biloxi was
met by the Red Cross. Such were
the conditions that the relief forces
were almost overwhelmed by the
alarming increase in sickness. Dis-
tribution of doctors, nurses and food
was secured through a central depot.
All available autos were drafted to
furnish transportation for the nurses.
Where strained financial conditions
threatened to deny aid, diet and
proper medical attention was fur-
nished gratis. Yet these few words
are so feeble as compared with the
magnitude of patience, sacrifice and
effort required of the fine people,
who do these noble things!
You are never so far away or
isolated that the Communication Ser-
vice will not seek you out if but to
remind you that the home folks
await a letter. Perhaps you are
sick, too ill to write. Through this
service your home folks are notined
of your condition.
To the service man, who is passing
through a strange country, peopled
by strangers, comes a feeling of
singular loneliness. What could be
a greater boon to him than the Red
Cross canteen? For kind hands and
kinder hearts waylay him in town
and city, ministering to his needs,
filling him with dainties, cheerful-
ness and gratitude.
Suffice it to say that those in-
vested with the power to determine
the conduct of our government
"found the American Red Cross
especially fitted to render such aid."
Furthermore, it is the only volun-
teer society now authorized by our
Government to render such aid to
our military forces in time of war,
assuring for it a distinctive place as
an auxiliary relief corps.
G. E. MoRToN,
I ' . .
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" COLORS "
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OFFICERS AND ENLISTED PERSONNEL-U. S. NAVAL TRAINING CAMP. GULFPORT. MISS.
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IEUT. C. W. CLEMENTZ,
Regimental Commander of the
First Regiment, is primarily
an engineer officer. Among his im-
portant Naval assignments is that
of Senior Engineer Officer of the
U. S. S. Maumee, the ship with the
largest marine Diesel engine. He is
a graduate of Michigan University,
Department of Engineering.
As a designer of motors and gas
-engines and as a shipbuilding engi-
neer he has held important positions
with 'the American Shipbuilding
-Company, the Campbell Motor
' n ss. an
Works and the Gibbs Gas Engine
Immediately before his call to
active service he was naval archi-
tect and superintendent of the Hill-
yer, Spering and Dunn Shipbuilding
Company at Jacksonville, Fla. He
was commissioned a lieutenant in
the National Naval Volunteers, April
25, 1914. He arrived at this sta-
tion July 3, 1918.
He was born in Jacksonville, Fla.,
where he also received his primary
and high school education.
The headquarters of the First
Regiment is located near the north-
ern boundary of the camp, and is
convenient to all companies.
Our business is to answer all the
foolish questions that can be fig-
ured out, as well as a few sensible
ones occasionally, dispel wild rumors,
and listen to sad stories on the basis
of which certain sailors expect to
be able to go to Biloxi or Gulfport
to see a southern beauty.
As an orderly we have one of the
most interesting men in the entire
regiment, " Cowboy " Brown, from
New Mexico, who desires nothing
more than to get back to the moun-
tains just as soon as the Navy has
no further need for his services.
Best, the oldest acting yeoman in
the office, is the " child husband "
of the headquarters, but does well
considering the worry and responsi-
bility on his young shoulders. In
direct contrast, we have Young,
who does not live up to his name,
married, and naturally settled in
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Needham and Barcalow are both
single and apparently happy, but
it is hard to tell which are the
better satisfied, this pair, or the
married members of the staff. Need-
ham hails from California, and we
know it, as he reminds us frequently
enough to keep it clearly in mind.
Barcalow is one of many Phila-
delphia boys on the station, and is
the " leave expert." He listens to
many sad tales, from cattle break-
ing out of pasture, to babies cutting
teeth, as reasons for travel home-
Both Bechtold and Hogle have
worn most of the hair off their
noble brows in figuring out problems
on Diesel en.gines for Lieutenant
Clementz. According to "inside
dope" advanced by Young, the
married men will be mustered out
first since peace is declared, and on
the strength of this information
" Baldy" Bechtold is saving his
pennies to go home as promptly as
possible and put a certain young
lady that he' knows in the " de-
As our work brings us in contact
with our officers more frequently
than the majority of the men in
the regiment, we can speak with
even more authority than they con-
cerning the justice and generosity
of both Lieutenant Clementz and
Ensign Marsh. Lieutenant Clem-
entz has been our commanding offi-
cer practically since we enlisted,
and what we have learned concern-
ing the Navy and its regulations has
been due to his untiring efforts. We
understand that he came here from
the U. S. S. Maumee for rest, and
as yet we have failed to see the day
when he was resting while on this
station. Ensign Marsh also " rates "
the foreign service stripe, coming to
this station but recently from the
U. S. troop transport Orizaba.
,Qantas un large Biesel Engine Zsesign
By Lieut. C. W. CLEMENTZ, U. S. N. R. F., Former Senior Engineer
IOfficer of the U. S. S. Maumee
ITH the world at war, engi-
gineers have had little time
for experimental work and
far less is published in the interest
of Diesel engines than the subject
merits. This is to be regretted be-
cause the advancement of this eco-
nomic type of engine depends
greatly upon the publication of
suggestions for improvement grow-
ing out of the experiences of opera-
tors in charge of such engines.
Particularly is this true of large
marine units which, as an opera-
tor, the writer wishes to discuss.
Diesel engines are divided into
two types,-two and four cycle. In
both types the cylinder is charged
with air at atmospheric pressure or
above, and is then compressed from
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400 to 500 pounds per square inch.
This air, due to compression, rises
in temperature to approximately 1,000
degrees. At this point a small
quantity of fuel oil is blasted through
the fuel valve gear into this highly
heated air by means of injection air
furnished by attached or auxiliary
compressors. This injection air is
slightly higher in pressure than the
compressed air in the cylinders.
The fuel valve gear must be so
designed that- the oil is broken up
into a very fine spray as it enters
the cylinder. If this is not done,
the lighter hydro-carbons only will
burn, leaving a heavy deposit on
both piston an.d combustion space.
The fuel admission period lasts
for approximately 30 degrees of the
power stroke. The desired condi-
tion is that combustion should pro-
ceed at the critical rate, which would
permit increase of volume occupied
during travel of the piston, the in-
crease of temperature be so balanced
that the pressure will remain con-
stant until the injected fuel has been
burned. After this, expansion of
gases will continue until the open-
ing of the ports or exhaust valves,
when the pressure will fall rapidly,
The temperature will decrease due
to radiation and transmission of
heat to the cooling water. The
temperature actually attained in
the cylinders is extremely high, ap-
proximating in some cases 3,000 de-
grees Fahrenheit. It is these ex-
tremely high temperatures which
occasion some of the difficulties
encountered in the operation of the
large Diesel units.
In the study of Diesel engines of
large type, for obvious reasons, it
would be better to sub-divide vari-
ous parts of the engine into three
The first group comprises parts
that are subjected to mechanical
stresses but not high temperatures.
The dimensions of these parts can
be established by calculations and
with our present knowledge of ma-
terials and their fatigue under stress
accurately determined, no difficulty
should arise if they are manufac-
tured at Navy Yards or by ship-
building concerns with necessary
equipment, for they differ only in
necessary sections from standard
In Diesel engines the crankshaft
should have a high factor of safety
-tensile strength of not less than
75,000 to 80,000 pounds per square
inch with a diametrical ratio to
bore of approximately .65. The
bearing surface should be ample but
not exaggerated. It is obvious that
a stiff crank withstands torsion best.
Augmenting too much the length
of a bearing does not improve it,
for it wears then principally at the
end and the rod bushings show ab-
normal wear at their extremities.
Some Diesels have already been
built with through bolts extending
to the cylinder heads, relieving the
cylinders and columns of all stress.
This is a factor to insure lightness
and strength, but not rigidity, and
it is considered that both cast iron
columns and steel through bolts
would make for a better and stronger
frame, with no danger of cracking
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cylinder heads. This has been the
experience in large Diesel installa-
Bed plates or bases, needless to
say, should conform to standard
marine practice-very strong with
large web sections through the cen-
treg also the arrangement of material
for water-cooling the main journals.
The second group comprises those
parts which are subjected not only
to the various stresses caused by
piston force, but also to extremely
high pressures and temperatures.
The problem at this point becomes
much more complex. Not only must
the designers secure direct trans-
mission of force but they must also
provide for expansion in much greater
measure than in a steam engine.
Castings must be designed of uni-
form sections and provisions made
for expansion. They must also
avoid too heavy sections especially
in the region of the combustion cham-
ber. Here weight is not synonymous
with strength and yet the designer
is at a loss to know how to calculate
the resulting stress because the
initial condition of his castings is
unknown to him.
At this point the problem becomes
one more of metallurgy than design
and it is only by close co-operation
between the foundry and designer,
that the solution can be found.
In the study of heat transmission
through cast iron cylinder walls, the
fact must be borne in mind that
about 260,000 calories per square
meter per hour are transmitted
through the walls of the cylinder
during the combustion period,
whereas the heat transmitted through
the walls of a steam boiler is only
30,000 calories per meter per hour.
Such enormous quantities of heat
transmitted cause very high stresses
in the castings, and only a special
mixture of cast iron can withstand
It is desirable that more study
be given to the question of appro-
priate cast iron mixtures for internal
combustion engines. Such intricate
castings as cylinder heads should
be heat treated during their process
of manufacture to relieve them of
any casting stress, provided they
are made of cast iron. Cylinder'
heads of cast bronze are considered
superior to those made of cast iron,
but no reason can be advanced why
cast iron cannot be successfully used
without cracking, although experi-
ence has shown that valves and
valve seats are kept in a better
condition where bronze heads are
All the parts comprising the sec-
ond group to be very closely ma-
chined, necessary clearances exactly
determined and the relative degree
of wear closely watched. Knowl-
edge of the very interesting question
of the growth of cast iron under
recurring high temperatures, is an
important factor in the determina-
tion of clearances between the
cylinder liner and jackets. This
clearance should be determined by
experience, as the expansion to be
allowed for cannot be ascertained
by calculation with any degree of
accuracy, due principally to scale
forming on the liners and jackets.
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The outlet cooling Water tempera-
tures are not a true record of the
heat condition of the liner at the
combustion space. This is due to
scale that usually forms at a point
where cooling is very hard to estab-
In drawing 12-cylinder liners in
a twin engine ship the scale was
found to be one-sixteenth inch thick
and exceedingly hard, necessitating
machining for removal. It is con-
sidered good practice to give the
cooling system, especially the jack-
ets, a boiling out with boiler com-
pound at intervals of not less than
once a quarter, excepting such parts
as have gaskets of rubber and such
other material that the compound
The third group comprises all
parts which are subjected to neither
high stress nor high temperatures.
They require additional close study
of all phenomena that occur during
the starting and operation of the
engine. They must be so constructed
that they preclude any error on the
part of the operator in charge and
must be so designed that too high
pressure in the cylinder or valve
gear will be impossible. They must
be so constructed that any one of
the cylinders can be cut out quickly
if necessary, when running at low
speeds, either by uniform reduction
of the fuel to each cylinder or by
cutting out a group of cylinders.
From these considerations, it fol-
lows that gear operated by com-
pressed air or oil pressure must be
confined to those places where a
leak would be of no consequence.
It is not considered good practice
to have all the handling mechanism
operated by Servo action as this
tends to relax vigilance on the part
of the operator.
Strong pressure should be brought
to bear on designers of large Diesel
engines for simple mechanism, but
this simplicity must not be purely
superficial and attained by a multi-
plicity of parts hidden from view.
BrieHy stated, every extra function
involved requires extra parts, thereby
augmenting the possibility of fail-
ure. While simplicity is here most
desired, it must not be attained at the
expense of manoeuvring quality even
in the smallest detail.
Having established reliability as
a feature of first importance, it is
recommended that the engine be as
accessible as the first features admit.
We can find nowhere a better ex-
ample than the marine steam engine
with its hundred years behind it.
It is therefore, advisable to adhere
to these features wherever possible.
Many large engines have been de-
signed with these considerations far
If more attention had been given
to this point, it would certainly have
gone far towards avoiding certain
features in some designs which are
In addition to this, there is an-
other big factor in adhering strictly
to marine standards. As it is prac-
tically impossible to give operators
a full knowledge of the Diesel engine
in a short time, and as there are
none other than steam engine men
available, excepting specially trained
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men of the Naval service or men
direct from factories with no sea
experience, it would seem wise to
adhere closely to the steam engine
practice. It is well to confide in
the operator's hand only a limited
number of functions with which he
is unfamiliar. It is contended he
will have more confidence in an
engine in which the operating gear
is familiar to him.
The piston is one of the most
essential parts of the Diesel engine.
It is necessary that it be properly
designed of suitable material and
accurately machined with due re-
gard to the expansion caused by the
Water cooling is an important
consideration. No choice of means
of cooling the piston is here con-
sidered. The oscillating and tele-
scopic type systems are both good
when properly designed and ma-
chined. In the usual type of trunk
piston, it must fulfill double require-
ments-to take the side pressure
from the connecting rod and to keep
the cylinder gas tight. Opinions vary
as to the possibility of it success-
fully meeting both requirements.
This double problem offers no
very great difficulty in medium size
engines but cases of gripping have
nevertheless occurred at various
times, especially in submarine in-
Stallations. It is of course, safer
in the Diesel engines to exclude all
possibilities of such results by pro-
viding cross heads, leaving to the
piston rings the one function of
keeping the cylinder gas tight.
Ample clearance can then be pro-
vided and gripping eliminated. In
addition to this the piston pin is
placed in a favorable position for
the control of its temperature. The
cross head guides can be made ad-
justable and water cooled.
It is to be noted that large Diesel
manufacturers have followed this
practice. The engine with cross
heads has the one disadvantage of
being higher and heavier, but no
price is too high for the added satis-
faction it brings to the operator or
one familiar with the cross head
In developing a design, it must
be kept foremost in one's mind that
all parts requiring frequent or occa-
sional inspection, must be easy to
remove without involving a large
amoun.t of dismantling. The ques-
tion of the best method of removing
the piston has been much discussed.
It is considered that in all designs,
even of small engines, the neces-
sity of removing the cylinder in
order to get at the piston should
be excluded, unless the gears that
are usually supported in groups
close to the cylinder, be supported
by columns below the cylinder in
such a way that the cylinders can
be removed without disman.tling
these gears. Such a device, how-
ever, makes the use of long push
rods necessary. This considerably
augments the masses to be acceler-
ated at each Valve opening and
necessitates very strong springs for
which space is not always available.
Another method is to remove the
piston from below. It is attractive
from several points of view and no
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objection can be offered for certain
types of engines. However, in some
designs it has been made necessary
and is a rather undesirable construc-
tion of the cylinder liner. It also
entails a higher engine and a heavier
The third method consists in
taking off the cylinder head and
removing the piston from above.
This certainly is the simplest and
most attractive method, providing
it does not make the removal of the
cam shaft necessary. It is, of course,
necessary to break high pressure
joints. This however, is quite a
secondary consideration when joint
material provided is such that it
-can be used over and over again,
.such as annealed copper gaskets.
This method is not advocated for
.all types of engines indiscriminately.
Available head space is a decisive
factor for its employment, besides
there are cases where actual experi-
ence with both methods should neces-
The part that requires frequent
inspection is the fuel valve. It is
therefore highly important that not
-only should the needle be removed
in a minimum of time but the valve
'seat and pulverizer as well. In addi-
tion, the removal should not make
the resetting of the valve afterwards
necessary. To prevent the necessity
of too frequent renewal, it is recom-
mended that such clearance be made
as gives the needle a minimum
chance to stick. Considerable at-
tention should be given to the influ-
ence of expansion of the needle and
'valve gear on the timing of the valve.
Starting air valves have also given
trouble. They must,'under no cir-
cumstances, be so designed that
they can rust on their seats. This
is an important factor. Sticking of
the starting valve has given rise to
serious trouble, even accidents, but
this trouble can be avoided by the
choice of proper materials and
It is thought to be a good feature
to provide some means by which
to grind a valve on its seat from
time to time while the engine is
running, perhaps to go so far as
to provide positive closing of the
valve other than by spring action.
If valves are not kept closed and
tight on their seats, corrosion takes
place and the seat is ruined. This
holds good with practically all
valves in the cylinder head. In
general, the whole valve arrangement
to be made accurate and reliable,
requires considerable experience with
Diesels. It is, of course, obvious
that valve gear should be as silent
as possible, but this silence should
be obtained, as far as possible, with-
out enclosing the working parts.
Fuel pumps are often capricious,
refusing service for no apparent
reason, necessitating the grinding
of valves, breaking of joints, etc.
Here also right designs and very
accurate machining is essential.
It would carry us to the clouds to
establish the complete characteris-
tics of fuel pumps. Summarizing
the principal features, air pockets
should be absolutely avoided 3 that
is piping should lead to all the spray
valves in an upward line without
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drop heads. Strainers must be as
efficient as it is possible to design
Much trouble has been experi-
enced with fuel measuring pumps,
due to foreign matter lodging under
the pump valves and causing the
engine to slow down an.d stop.
Compressors are the most important
auxiliaries in connection with the
operation of the Diesel engines of
Rather frequently one hears of
compressor failures. It is evident
that the problem of starting air at
a pressure of 1,000 pounds per
square inch assumes gigantic pro-
portions to the layman, but it is
known that this is no more danger-
ous than a steam line under 200
The greatest fault found with
compressor operation is the profuse
manner in which cylinders are lubri-
cated, with no means of removing
the oil between each compression
stage, also in n.ot sufficiently inter-
coolin.g the air. The air must be
cooled after leaving each discharge
valve. Long un.cooled pipes be-
tween compressors should be avoided
and the receiver should be of large
It must not be forgotten when
designing the compressor that air
must reach, in each stage, a pressure
higher than the receiver pressure.
High indicated mean, effective
pressures result in high exhaust
temperatures. This is not a diffi-
cult problem in a two-stroke engine,
as the exhaust bridges in the cylin-
der liner can be cooled by forcing
all of the cooling water through
them and further cooled by excess
scavenger air. Although exhaust
valves can be water cooled, they
are subjected to high combustion
temperatures and are not cooled
by the incoming air as efficiently
as a scavenger valve. In addition
to high temperature, they must
stand the constant hammering action
as they are necessarily large and
heavy when water cooled.
Much trouble ' has been experi-
enced in four-stroke installations
arising from the above. While it
is not plain that the two-stroke
engine is the best type for power
where small weight per horse power
is desired with high speed, such as
a submarine engine, yet it is main-
tained that the two-stroke is the
logical engine for large units.
Many people regard the two-stroke
problem as unsolved. They see in
it nothing but a mysterious, capri-
cious engine that will, for no appar-
ent reason, occasionally refuse to
start and apparent inexplicable varia-
tions in specific power, according to
the number of cylinders or abnormal
fuel consumption in comparison with
the four-stroke engine. I
The writer's experien.ce with the
large two-stroke installation has been
other than the above. With 70,000
cruising miles to the credit of these
engines, the fuel consumption works
out at .39 per indicated horse power
with only one overhaul period within
the year following commission.
A word in conclusion regarding
the auxiliary. Naval experts lcnow
what large quantities of steam auxili-
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aries absorb under circumstances
none too favorable towards economy.
It would seem far too expensive to
operate auxiliaries by compressed
air although we have in the exhaust
gases means toipreheat the air and,
to a certain extent, counterbalance
the compression losses. This method
of operating the auxiliary is con-
sidered prohibitive and unsuitable,
as it would mean the enlargement
of the compressor, capacity or the
installation of an independent engine-
driven set exclusively for this pur-
We hear much of the possibility
of using exhaust gases for raising
steam. It must be borne in mind
that one-third of the heat attained
in the fuel is lost in the exhaust.
Approximating the heat consump-
tion of the engine at 2,000 calories,
this would mean a loss of 600 calor-
ies, of which perhaps 50 per cent is
available, sufficient to raise about
a pound of steam per horse power
per hour of the main engines. This
possibly would be enough to operate
successfully the auxiliaries while at
sea, but the excessive demands
made on the steam for compressor
purposes while entering or leaving
port, would leave the plant helpless.
It is possible that the high-powered
Diesel auxiliaries of the future will
be electrically driven. By such
means considerable increase in shaft
horse power could be gained. The
problem is a complex one and the
solution can only be reached by
experience with various systems.
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COMPANY " A," FIRST REGIMENT-FORMERLY THE SECOND COMPANY
ATIENTLY awaiting the call
for advanced training or active
duty, the Second Company has
been on the station since the first
week in July. The Second's men
are from nearly every State in the
Union, California and Massachu-
setts having the largest representa-
tion, and much friendly rivalry ex-
1StS between the men from those
Many and varied have been the
working parties. Who hasn't shov-
eled coal, who hasn't dished chow
and washed bowlsg who hasn't mixed
concrete and hauled garbage? None
of them. All have done their share
and the Second is always ready for
whatever detail may be given them.
The harder it is, the better they
like it. When a deep sewer is to be
dug, or any difficult job is to be
done, it is always safe to call on the
Qu GBM tu the besonh
Clmpression of Other Companiesb
The Second Company
Is a company grand,
Called to attention,
A At ease they stand.
Told to " Present,"
To "order " they gog
Their company commander
Is filled with woe.
Spots on clothes,
Neckerchiefs tied wrong,
They want to know
Why this racket
Ere roosters crow?
They lay in hammocks
Cuss this and that
Till a C. P. O.
Flourishes his " gat?
They then hit the deck
With very much ado,
Wishing this hitch
Was nearly all through.
They wrangle round
And figure how
They can rate
Some early chow.
They say all this.
Do we complain?
No! but carry on-
Act just the same.
So let them shout
'Cause they're not in
LEONARD D. GRAHAM,
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COMPANY " B," FIRST REGIMENT-FORMERLY THE THIRD COMPANY
Ulibe Ulibirh Qtumpanp
ROM the North and South we
came, East and West, too, in
fact we have a representative
from most every State in the United
States. There are 144 of us when
all together and we came here dur-
ing the first ten days of July, 1918.
On the twelfth of that month we
were made into a company and since
that time we have been known as
the Third Company of the First
A company commander was put
in charge of us an.d, as luck would
have it, he developed into the best
leader of this station. His rank is
coxswain and his name is Bernard.
From the company he picked two
energetic, able-bodied and likable
men, " Mac " McNiell and William
Kidd, to assist him in teaching the
rookies the drills and duties of the
After spending twenty-one days
in detention, we were pl-eased to get
in the main camp for actual duty.
Time in " D " camp passed very
slowly, and the thought of being
penned up made each day twice as
long as it really was.
August 1 marked the first day we
ate in the mess hall of the main
camp. On that day we were free
to roam the camp and enjoy the
events given in the camp, also
patronize the canteen, which we
almost raided for sweets and other
articles. Better than this, a few
days later we were given liberty.
Some went to Gulfport, others to
Biloxi and a few visited both cities.
Each one had a good time and none
were in camp that rated liberty on
The Third Company has a repu-
tation of being very active, as its
members participate in most every
athletic event staged. We are hon-
ored by having two champion glove
artists on our muster roll, Jimmie
Leach, bantam weight champion of
the Navy, and "Lefty" Allaud, un-
defeated champion of this station
at 130 pounds. Rex Dawson, star
pitcher of the station baseball team,
as well as Captain " Snapper "
Thompson and Azato, Gurlac,
O'Hare, Allaud and Hagedorn come
from Bernard's company. When it
cam-e to swimming Charles Shields
had them all bested and when he
went to Birmingham, Ala., to attend
the National Swimming Events, he
won the "All Southern Champion-
ship " and three other races for
which he was awarded gold medals.
Charlie was a Third Company man,
too. Having champions in a com-
pany counts but little if the organ-
ization itself will not back it up,
but we are proud to say all our men
are sportsmen and will back our
athletes to the limit.
The daily routine of the " Third
Company " has been much the same
since coming out of detention and
through the efforts of Bernard and
his chiefs the boys have d-eveloped
into well-trained Gobs and are now
ready to be transferred to some
aviation school where they will be
able to obtain advanced instruction
on airplanes and their motors.
COMPANY " C," FIRST REGIMENT-FORMERLY THE FOURTH COMPANY
Q5 UTHEY'S FOURTH, the
company different? At in-
ception, characterized by
Lieutenant Clementz as an unusually
fine lot of young fellows, the or-
ganization became somewhat con-
ceited. This conceit coupled with
the fact that the unit has many
orators-making " pipe down " a
hardship-are absolutely its only
The personnel is enlisted in the
Aviation Section and have been
assembled from most every State
in the Union. They are a type on
which Navy discipline would be
expected to bear heavily, but it is
doubtful if there is a more satisfied
bunch in the service.
The spirit, good fellowship and
general efficiency of the Fourth are
due mainly to "twentieth century
leadership." Donald E. Futhey as-
sumed command of the company at
organization. Futhey is a second
cruise man, having served a " hitch "
in the Asiatic fleet. When the am-
bitions of the Hohenzollerns
prompted the United States- to
awaken Bill from his dream of world
domination, Futhey felt the call
of his boyhood days and once more
came into the service, leaving a
civilian calling of executive capacity
at the Studebaker shops, Los Angeles,
Cal. His happy disposition and
manner of getting his men " pull-
ing with him " have gone far toward
his success. Happily possessed is
the compan.y with " Don " as com-
Next in command is Elting C.
Hubberd, another Californian,
claiming Oakland as his home. Hav-
ing had previous training at one of
the military institutes of his home
State, Hubberd was made section
leader. His ability in the position
assigned him can be judged from the
Fourth's performance on the drill
On Labor Day the company was
picked to execute " Butts Manual."
It was the first opportunity the
people of this section of the country
had to witness this clever gun drill
and the Fourth felt honored by the
selection. With but two days' train-
ing, under the direction of Chief
Lay, the drill was mastered and the
manner of execution highly com-
Second Section Leader Don Doug-
las, of Whittier, Cal., filled the posi-
tion vacated by Homer Stanheld.
He enjoys the same brand of popu-
larity as the other leaders.
COMPANY " D," FIRST REGIMENT-FORMERLY THE SIXTH COMPANY
ilaisturp uf the "9ixth "
IMES change and we with
time. Who would think that
the old " salts " who now
comprise the Sixth Company were
once just plain., ordinary "boots "
who left dear old " Bean-town " on
the evening of August 17? Q
After two days spent traveling
de luxe at the expense of Uncle Sam,
we gradually became acquainted with
each other-some through the vari-
ous games of chance and others by
indulging in the greatest of indoor
sports, "throwing the bull."
We reached our destination and
after a night spent in our new quar-
ters we were made acquainted with
the man who was to have a part in
shaping our Naval careers-our
Company Commander, E. Lester
Our commander is strong for
discipline and infantry drill and be-
tween the two he kept us busy
enough so that our days in detention
camp passed very quickly. Our real
life started when he told us to " stand
by " to " shove off " for the main
camp. With visions of liberty and
big eats we finally got settled in our
As time passed we found that our
Company was possessed of all kinds
of talent-from O'Brien, the Lowell
plumber, and Rothemisch his un-
sanitary helper, to Paul Estey, of
hand-organ fame. Much discussion
has taken place as to whether Joe
Miron is really a flier or just a plain
expert on pots and pans.
One of the interesting sights in
our daily life is to see the mad
scramble to get on the working par-
ties when volunteers are asked for.
Such men as Getz, Green, Boyle,
Klose, Maguire, McLeod, Farry,
Bulman and Tom Bannon imme-
diately step out of ranks and are
very indign.ant if they are not the
lucky ones to be selected.
Other notables in our aggregation
are J. Joseph Crowley, first platoon
leader, a matinee idol, and safe
cracker, "Admiral " Woods, skipper
of Woods' Navy, is our second
platoon leader, A. Pershing White,
who is a staunch advocate of the
working mang " Grandma " Ulrich,
who expects to win the war with
concrete airplanesg Homer T. Nel-
son, who actually loves galley work
Cwhen he has eating tools handybg
Maguire, Caruso's only rival, of
Whang Doodle fame, " Shorty "
Baker, the signal expert, " Silent "
Walker, who never gets into an argu-
mentgJ.P. Quirk, ex-fire chief, Mc-
Donald, who kept his riders satisfied
while guiding the destinies - of a
trolley car at Clinton, and " Red "
Wright, our ex-mail man, now platoon
leader of the Eleventh.
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COMPANY "E," FIRST REGIMENT-FORMERLY THE NINTH COMPANY
HE organization of the Ninth
Company began about Sep-
tember 15, 1918. At that
time it consisted of only a few men
but was soon mustered up to full
strength. Most of the men are from
the southern states, and in conversa-
tion with them this is apparent as
they all have the courtesy of manner
and speech that is so easily dis-
tinguished in men from the South.
The company has made rapid
progress under the command of
Homer D. Peabody, a college man
and an ex-Army officer. Much
credit is due his platoon leaders,
C. P. Redman and O. Donnell.
They are men of keen perception
and friends of all. They have labored
unceasingly to put the Ninth " over
the top " and are held in highest
esteem by every man in their com-
In this company we have our
friend, Cohen, who, as anyone can
"About One" is Right
The supply officer, upon returning
with a party of friends from a more
or less successful fishing trip the
other day, was hailed on his way
back by a pal in a passing row boat.
" How many did you get?" hailed
" Oh, about one," the paymaster
" Is that just a rough estimate?"
came the further query.
"Yes," was the answer. " One
red fish and one cat fish. I think
I've got it doped out just about
tell by the name, is an Irishman from
Jerusalem. When asked what his
occupation was in civil life, he stated
that he was in the banking busi-
ness. Since joining the Navy, how-
ever, he claims that when it comes
to coaling ship, galley detail and
swabbing deck he can compare
favorably with anybody even though
his experience is limited. Needless
to say, he is making wonderful pro-
gress in mastering the manual of
We also have in our midst one
long, lanky, elongated person of the
male species called " Slim." He is
a very busy person these days.
" Slim " can generally be seen doing
his daily task of leaning against the
barrack to keep it from falling down,
and is always complaining of being
overworked. Some time ago, when
asked if he was a Christian Scien-
tist, he said, "Nog landsman for
it I! '
Over Commissary Phone
Wentzell: " Hello, Commissary
Customer: " Will you please send
two pounds of dog meat with my
Wentzell: " Who for, please?"
Customer: " Why, the dog, of
Wentzell:. "All rightg goodbyf'
Scene: Barrack 11-E, dressed up
with Victrola borrowed from 10-E.
Voice: " If we' had a new Victrola
we could have some music, if we had
some new records."
as ,,' 1.
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Jiaistorp uf the Clilehentb Qtnmpanp
Not many boys now in the llth
company thought three months ago
that so many things could happen
to them in so short a time. The
varied experiences of the boys on
their way to camp form an inexhaus-
tible subject. However, after these
experiences they arrived and were
assigned to "D " Camp. For en-
tertainment while in " D " Camp
we leveled sandg washed clothes,
learned to sleep in hammocksg and
livened the evenings with pugilistic
encounters. y., l
One day at muster, we received
the order, " Pack sea bags and ham-
mocks and stand by to move." We
thought we were on our way to
France, but we were " out of luck 5"
we just moved into the Main Camp
where we strung our hammocks and
hung our sea bags on the rail.
These of the 11th who deserve
personal mention as " shining lights"
are, S. H. Van Tassell, our Com-
manderg who 'treats others as he
would like for others to treat him,
W. R. Wright and H. Fred Soder-
holm, Platoon Leaders 3 who are
following in the footsteps of their
Goldberg, our cartoonist come-
dian, Goldin and Hardin, the "Gold-
dust Twins," Maynard, Rogers and
Sonnenleiter, who are going to
locate at Monte Carlo after the war.
L. B. Elliott and Price are going
to re-enlist until they get six hash
marks. H. A. McGhee, Bureau of
Information. Ingalls and Geggis,
who have the "Destroyer Feet."
G. H. Robertson, chow expert.
Ruth and Dallas are quite apt
when it comes to 'Right Ob1ique'.
Hackett, who Cupid's arrow has
singled out as its mark.
McCarthy, the child of " Erin,"
who keeps the boys from getting on
working parties after taps. And,
G. R. Cox, our musician!
" Extra Duty " Smithy A
, Is a chief with an eagle eye
He watches the line from end to end
Not a one of us gets by.
He watches all the Companies
" They're a hard-boiled bunch,"
"I never knew a tougher crew
In Gulfport by the sea.
" They can't even hear the bugle,
I think that is a stall,
If I had my way, they would be
Inside a prison wall.
" I'll fix you rooks," Smith says
"I sure have had enough Q
I'll show you that you cannot get
Away with that old stuff."
We drilled and drilled
And then we marched a thousand
miles or more,
The rocks raised blisters on our feet,
Believe me we were sore.
And so you Gobs not on the jobs
And smoking on the grounds
Beware of Smithy when he comes
A'snooping on his rounds.
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CL UGLER! Bugler! Bear a
hand! " Sound Przemysl,
' famous as the prize of bat-
tles and the birthplace of Ensign
Stanley Mneek, now Commanding
Officer of the Second Regiment,
whose date of birth was September
The Statue of Liberty lighted his
Way into New York Harbor in 1898,
and Fall River, Mass., received him
as a resident and pupil in the Rug-
gles Primary School and later Lin-
coln Grammar School.
Like many self-made men he
learned a trade by apprenticeship,
and co-related education in a Tech-
nical High School. He can super-
vise the work of a building, or build
with his own hands a complete
house fit for the best of us.
He enlisted in the Naval Militia
of Massachusetts as a seaman, Sep-
tember 21, 1914, and was advanced
after training, to the rank of ensign,
Company F, his company, was the
first to be called into service in the
Spanish-American War and the
On the U. S. S. Kearsage, U. S. S.
Oklahoma and U. S. S. Lydonia he
has seen extended overseas and war
The best fun of his life were the
submarine attacks he experienced
while onthe Lydonia.
He was made Commanding Officer
of the Second Regiment, July 24,
It R. I! R. It
By Ensign S. MNEEK, Commander of the Second Regiment
ISCIPLINE is essential to or-
In the Navy this rule holds
true and fast. There is no part of
the training of enlisted men and
offcers which has more effect upon
the naval career or the civilian
career after service than the stern
and hard rules of discipline.
And the men like it themselves.
After it has been impressed firmly
upon their minds its effects are al-
One Hundred Three
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ways evident. With few exceptions
the results attained are wonderful,
for American youth is responsive to
trainin.g and easily grasp the reason
why things are done in this or that
manner. They learn to take pride
When a recruit has passed his
medical examination, drawn his
clothes, sea bag and hammock and
when he dons the navy blue, a feel-
ing of intense pride and satisfaction
comes to him. He belongs,-he is
a part of something big-he is a
unit in a big machine upon which
great responsibility and trust is
placedg he is 'among that' number
selected to carry forward the tra-
ditions of the select fighting unit
of the world. His heart talks out
to him and says that it takes a
pretty good man to be a sailor and
under his skin the boasting pride
has begun to germinate. If the
folks back home could only see
But uniform clothing does not
make a sailor. If he could be and
act as real sailors do! Well, here it
is, discipline makesactions as uni-
form in the Navy all over the world
as the Navy clothing. Well then,
he gets busy getting his actions as
salty as his hat and language.
Pride drives him to learn discipline.
No matter how carefully the
bringing up of a youth is conducted
he can always profit by discipline.
Particularly is this true in the cases
where the lad is petted or pampered
by his parents. He is made to know
that he is only one lad and that he
is entitled to no more than anyone
One I'I-undrvd Four
else. He begins to realize that he
is not the only young fellow that
the world exists for, but he is never
tyrannized or victimized for he is
taught to uphold his end of the
argument by the power of his two
hard fists, which Naval discipline
hardens, and the rights laid down
in the Bluejackets Manual.
Naval discipline combines indi-
vidual fitness and self sufficiency
'with social subservience and co-
operation. No man can live unto
himself alone with the chain as
good as the link. In our democracy
nothing can be more beneficial than
these ingredients in proper com-
A lad who has had the misfortune
to lose the love and manly infiuence
of his father and who has to a cer-
tain degree become effeminate is
the best example of what discipline
will do for one in one way. By his
continued association with the men
of his ship or station he became as
salty as any oldtimer on the ship.
He got away from those little femin-
ine characteristics which marked
him and became one of the sailors,
so to speak, in every sense of the
Discipline entails routine. The
training period means regular hours,
regular eating, regular study, regu-
lar work and regular play. The
period of play looms high among
the regular working period. Work
adds zest to play. Mastery of work
gives the joy of accomplishment.
Life is all reality and work begets
Do you want to be happy, "Jack?"
adge "1 'rv
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Work like Hellen B. Happy-
The recruit soaks up uniformity
and regularity from his environ-
ment like f' our does moisture.
As soon as the period of detention
is over an.d he gets in the main
part of the camp or ship, as the case
may be, he sees the way the old-
timers wear their hats. He notes
it and tries to imitate it but not
successfully until the secret of sewed
hats is imparted to him, the results
being that he immediately looks up
some oldtimer who sews hats and
has the job done. Other things he
gets next to is the way collars are
cutidown, the length to wear the
trousers, the best place to keep his
money, and the best way to scrub
his clothes, hammock, and keep his
sea bag ready at all- times for bag
As these little tricks of the trade
dawn upon him he is getting the
Navy talk and method of doing
things firmly impressed upon his
memory in such a way that he is
not likely to forget them soon. He
learns a certain way to carry him-
self when he walks and a certain
way to swing his arms and running
true to form he will very nearly
always start out with his left foot.
These are just min.or parts of train-
ing which go to make up a part of
the method of disciplining recruits.
Naturally the lad has to do many
things for himself which before
entering the service he would not
dream of doing. He gets used to
doing them and as he does he thinks
of the many hardships he placed on
his mother before he was a service
man. He thinks of the way he used
to leave his clothes lying around in
every place imaginable for his mother
to pick up. In the Navy if he leaves
his clothes lying around the master
at arms picks them up and puts
them in the "lucky bag" and to
get them out the unfortunate lad
has to do extra duty or work as a
little reminder that he is n.ot sup-
posed to leave them out of his sea
bag-the proper place for them.
The lad sews on his own buttons
and when he rips his clothes he is
his own tailor and repairs them
himself unless he can get the ship's
tailor to do the job. Ten to one
the job he does is n.othing compared
to the wonderful needle work done
by his mother on his clothes at
home. How that lad longs for his
mother. He begins to really appre-
ciate her and remember the work
and worry and trouble she has gone
through and the sacrifices she has
made for him.
Thus he becomes more self-suf-
ficient and appreciative.
Never before in his young life
does he love his dear mother more,
and never before in his life has he
idolized his father as much as when
he sees the very principles of man-
hood which he has taught him em-
bodied in and stamped upon the
personality of the officer under whose
command he is.
He will often remember how it
was that father and mother wanted
him to do something some certain
way and how he kicked and fretted
at doing it because he wanted to
l One Hundred Five
c.X X IN
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do it the way he thought was best.
Then he will laugh to himself and
say what a big dunce I must have
been and whatregular fellows father
and mother were because they let
me do it my way. His family in-
stinct is sharpened by appreciation
Appreciation of every favor done
him by some ship-mate begins to
assert itself and he thinks that he
must have "had it awfully soft"
when he was home, which he really
did. Now he figures himself lucky
if he gets through from one day to
another without some comrade hid-
ing his clothes and some of his per-
sonal effects, in a joke, and make
him suffer the consequences. He
becomes a social being.
That lad develops into a manfwho
can go home and make good with
father and mother, first of all be-
cause he understands life better,
and because he loves his parents
better for the simple reason thathe
understands them better, and he
wants to make good with them.
Good sons make good husbands
To speak of the occupational
training he receives would take more
space than my portion.
He leaves the Navy a better man
to his God, his Country, his family,
his neighbor and himself.
The Gogh Ship cbulfpurt
We shipped on the good ship Gulf-
A hardy crew were we,
We longed to sail the stormy deep,
And brave the raging sea.
We reported in the morning
On a bright and sunny day,
We hoped to do our little bit
And give the war a sway.
At first it was the " D " camp
That took our noble eyes
With " shots " and " extra duty"
We had a great surprise.
Next came the many details
For work that must be done,
We shouldered rakes and hoes and
And mastered every one.
Then came class and drilling,
Of course we wanted that,
For should emergency arise
We'd know how to use a " gat."
In airplane lore they taught us
In seamanship and guns
So we could be of service
In wiping out the Huns.
So now mates let's stand ready
To build another fort 5
We'll all weigh anchor and be off
On the good old ship Gulfport.
ORVILLE R. DONNELL.
One Hundred Six
THE END OF THE PIER
J X ' 1 Q , . X
CAMP BAND AND BUGLERS
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OME three years ago the little
city of Bartlesville, Okla., was
pursuing the even tenor of its
way, practically undisturbed by the
great world's drama being enacted
on Europe's bloody battle grounds,
when there appeared among the
people of the city a quiet, unassum-
ing man, destined later to become
a leader in one of the greatest fight-
ing forces known to history.
J. W. Lawson was primarily a
lover of music, and his highest am-
bition was to create a musical or-
ganization second to none in the
With this end in view, and recog-
nizing the talent at hand, he set
diligently to work, and was soon.
the head of a band, the future his-
tory of which no one even dreamed.
Under the competent leadership of
this man, the band soon became
known as one of the best musical
organizations in the state.
It was about this time that the
people of the Middle West began
to realize that their country was
in the war in earnest, and Lawson
conceived the idea of offering him-
self and his band, to the Stars and
Stripes to do their bit in the grim
struggle for democracy.
'After revealing his plan to the
members of his band, and finding
them ready and eager to go, he at
once communicated with Army and
Navy headquarters, offering to enlist
the band in either arm of the service.
Not having sufficient personnel
for a military band, a call was sent
to the neighboring state of Kansas.
The Navy being the first to notify
Chief Lawson of its acceptance of
his plan, the boys broke their home
ties in December, 1917, and after a
rousing patriotic send-off, embarked
for New Orleans, La.
There, in conjunction -with the
band at the Algiers Naval Station,
they soon gained national reputa-
tion as one of the best bands in the
After serving four months at New
Orleans, the band was shipped to
the Naval Training Camp at Gulf-
port, Miss., where they are now
One Hundred Niue
, .-, .Q Nil, .
WO Gobs, slowly trudging up
the road towards the Naval
Training Station, were deeply
engrossed in discussing something
which was evidently very dear to
them. As they came nearer the
bend in the road their voices be-
" Well, anyway, she's one good
old ship and when the Kaiser is
trying to get rated as a million-stripe
devil and the boys are all gone I'l1
always remember her."
" You betcha will," said the other
" Say, Quick, do you remember
the first watch we stood. Boy,
Howdy-she was as cold as the
North Pole herself. I went on at
4 bells-pulled out of bed at the
hotel-you remember the " Sad
Oaks" we were stowed away,-and
I was on till 2:00 the next morning.
I got in about five hours' sleep and
then went on a working detail for
eight hours. They were the days!"
"And the worst part of it was those
darned holes filled with water. When
you fell in one you fioundered around
for an hour before you could get out.
Atkins got stuck one night and we
thought he was going to freeze to
death before we could get him out."
" Yes, I'l1 'sure remember those
days. No lights to see with, and
the post you had to walk was given
out as, ' from here to there.' "
" Let's see, that was the first
night we got here. Was it Decem-
ber 6, 1917? It was a happy bunch
that pushed off from West End,"
but they were taken back a little
when they saw the place. What say? ' '
"I'l1 say so."
" Who was it that did all the
shooting last Christmas?"
" That was me. Two of those
porpoises,-I had to do something
to stimulate the camp and believe
me I sure did. The O. D. rushed
down to the main gate and I ex-
pected to get a little jolt in the brig,
but, Gosh! I was sure lucky."
" They were the days."
The Seaman Guard is now compos-
ed of Companies, Eight, Ten and Y.
The seamen do all the special
guard duty and are under Ensign
Mneek's direct supervision. The
petty officers are: V. J. Vives, J. S.
Sonnier, F. L. Sterey, William Hage-
meyer, Charles T hiessen.
One Hmwired Eleven
COMPANY " A," SECOND REGIMENT-FORMERLY COMPANY ONE
T is said of George Washington
that he was first in war, first in
peace and first in the hearts of
his countrymen, and so say the men
of the First Company. The personnel
of this famous organization joins
hands across the United States, the
majority of our boys calling California
and Massachusetts their mother
states. Of course as may be expected
a couple of chaps from New York
lend variety to the aggregation.
The above named lighting unit
arrived here on or about July 1,
1918, and opened this resort for the
summer. As is usually the case of
all early arrivals at watering resorts,
the man.ager was at the gate to
meet them, and after the usual ex-
change of greetings the new arrivals
were escorted to their respective
rooms. The manager, being very
solicitous for the health of his
first guests, "persuaded " them to
remain in a confined space for
about three weeks, during which
time the new patrons of this estab-
lishment spent their time becoming
acquainted with each other, killing
mosquitoes and perspiring.
Owing to the fact that toward the
end of July new guests commenced
to arrive, the First Company was
compelled much against its wishes
to vacate its temporary quarters and
take up permanent quarters in a
different wing of this hotel. For the
sake of economy the unit, after
talking the matter over at some
length, decided to takesmaller and
more congested quarters.
After spending several weeks in
the unimportant miscellaneous pas-
times, indulged in by persons spend-
ing a summer vacation, such as
drilling, seaman.ship, signalling and
manual of arms, the First Company
got down to the real serious purposes
of its visit and one Monday morning
fifty-four of them visited the galley
and suggested that they be permitted
to assist in the preparation and serv-
ing of the food of the other guests
who by this time were many Lin
number. After some discussion and
much reticence on the part of Mr.
Gaustad the latter through kindness
of heart accepted their services. The
remainder of the First Company not
to be outdone by their colleague
importuned Mr. Bellinger to give
them light and- interesting work un-
der the auspices of the Public Works
Department. Mr. Bellinger, not to
be outdone by Mr. Gaustad, permit-
ted the boys to dig sewers, shovel
coal, haul ice, chop down trees and
After many weeks of the above
intensive training in accordance with
the curriculum laid out by the
authorities for the training of avia-
tors, one morning Mr. Mneek, guard-
ian of the First Company, received a
notice that the First Company had
graduated and as far as Naval
aeronautics were concerned had
nothing more to learn.
One Hundred Thirteen
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' COMPANY "B," SECOND REGIMENT-FORMERLY COMPANY FIVE
HE Gulfport Training Camp
received a remarkable addi-
tion, when on August 21
and 22, the Fifth Company came.
From the far east, New York and
Connecticut, came this joyful crew,
and so the West and South would
not feel hurt because they had been
omitted from this aggregation, a
man from Seattle, Washingtong
Bisby, Arizona, and St. Peters-
burgh, Florida, came also. The
men are both large and small, boast-
ing the largest man in camp, "Slim"
Montford, and also the smallest,
"Shorty" Gullota. And as for
handsome men, they are incom-
parable-witness Graber, Snyder
Did you ever see the Fifth Com-
pany drill? It is a well established
fact that provided they are on the
field alone, they are by far the best
company present. In galley detail
they are famous and it is rumored
that Mr. Gaustad has forbidden their
reappearance in that duty because
they served more chow to each Gob
in one meal than is ordinarily served
in two. Apples and oranges are said
to have disappeared as if by magic
'Tis a hammock fair,
Way up in the air,
Just seven long feet from the floor.
But when to the deck,
You fall on your neck,
You never come back for more.
during their "hitch " as " galley
There is much talent in the outfit,
for everybody knows of Arthur Nu-
gent, Gadget cartoonist, and athlete.
For the past three years and at pres-
ent he holds the Metropolitan and
National A. A. U. title as profes-
sional tumbler. There is also Herle-
hey, formerly of the Royal Flying
Corps, who joined the Navy after
being discharged from that organi-
zation following injury in a " nose
dive." " Kid Sullivan, " who is
Stephen Tricamo, of Brooklyn, is a
featherweight of fame who has fought
successfully in New York, New
Orleans, St. Louis and Chicago.
On the football team are three of
our men, Otis, Hambly and Lewellen.
The " Gadget " draws a very large
part of its staff from the Fifth.
Nugent, Levine and Kumme make
up its entire art force and Brandow
is assistant to the Officer in Charge.
Of course the fame of this com-
pany is due in a large part to its
leaders, for the men are all proud
to be commanded by A. T. Atkins,
assisted by J. W. Gardner and Fred
One Gob wired to his folks at
home: " Brought down my first ma-
chine this morning."
After investigation it was found
that he had carried a typewriter
down the steps in the Administra-
Officer: " But what are you doing
in those large shoes?
Recruit: "Growing into them,
One Hundred Fifteen
COMPANY "C," SECOND REGIMENT-FORMERLY COMPANY SEVEN
HE Seventh Company, under
command of Arthur T. Rich,
now finishing up his second
cruise, concluded its p-eriod of de-
tention and came into main camp
during the second week of Septem-
ber. It has been very prominent
in camp activities since then, and
has on.e man on the baseball team,
three on the football team and ten
or twelve on the track team. In.ci-
dentally the Seventh Company has
gained fame through its exhibitions
on the drill field and on working
The company had contributed to
the camp in general the handsomest
master at arms in captivity, our
former platoon leader, H. L. Reamer,
who has the good will of all the men
on the station.
Harry G. Luphor, who was ap-
pointed to succeed Reamer as platoon
leader, had just started his second
enlistment when he was taken away
during the inliuenza epidemic. The
Seventh also mourns the loss of
George L. Liles, L. S. McKelvey
and F. G. Herron.
The Seventh Company is now
commanded by A. T. Rich who has
as platoon leaders, Bobbie Wood-
ward, Bill Gourley, George Wat-
kins and Glenn Allen. We have re-
ceived the nickname of " The Lucky
We understand although there is
no official coniirmation, it is rumored
in the camp:
That peace has been signed.
That peace has not been. signed.
That camp will be dismantled at
That the camp will not be dis-
That the clothing allowance has
been. raised. -
That the Admiral has gone to
Washington to arrange for closing up
That the Admiral has gone to
That there will be Xmas fur-
That there will be no Xmas fur-
That we will be paid off imme-
That we will be in Gulfport an-
That fifty Gobs " thought " quar-
an.tine had been lifted.
That fifty Gobs were all wrong.
That " Jerry " has threatened to
raise some more cane.
That the First, Second, etc., com-
panies will really be transferred.
That the trolleys will run on time.
That most of the boys will ship
over as regulars.
That Sherman was certainly right
One Hmzdred Sevcnlecn
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COMPANY " D," SECOND REGIMENT-FORMERLY COMPANY EIGHT
NDER the leadership of
Thomas W. Holman, the
eighth company was organ-
ized very early in the morning of
September ninth, just before "mon-
For several days previously the
boys had been coming in from
the various southern states, going
through all the preliminary stages of
"rookyism" from medical examina-
tion to donating cigarettes to im-
The company was composed of
three general classes of sailors, the
radio electricians, or future wireless
operatorsg the machinists mates and
landsmen for machinists mates, and
the big crowd of boys who had come
into general service in the seaman
After " chow " on Monday
evening September 30th, the sea-
men in the company were ordered
out of Detention and were assigned
to the Second Regiment as members
of the various squads of the seaman
guard. The following noon the
radio and machinist men came out
and were quartered in the First
For several days the company was
in these two divisions until Peabody's
Ninth was liberated from Detention.
On their arrival in the First Regi-
ment, Holman's command under-
went a decided change. All the
men who were not seamen were
transferred to the Ninth Company.
. In return for these Holman got
all the seamen of the Ninth.
The eighth company now was
composed entirely of seamen, and
were placed with the five squads of
the Seaman Guard. Under the
command of Wade S. Quick, they
are doing regular guard duty.
One of our friends in the pay
office tells a rather interesting story
which points out the efficiency of
the chief petty officers in the Navy.
The story goes that there was a
chief quartermaster who was in
charge of the recruiting station in
central California during the early
part of the war and that he was
ordered by headquarters to swear
in a young doctor as an officer in
the medical department.
This is at the very least a commis-
sion officer's job and one which the
commander usually takes care of,
However, this fact did not daze the
ambitious quartermaster, who
wanted to make a record for him-
self, so he wired his headquarters as
follows: " Sir: If you want me to
swear in young doctor as officer
please forward, via parcel post col-
lect, one commission, one cocked
hat, one frock coat, one sword and
one Bible, and I will proceed imme-
diately with the official duties of
One Hundred Nineteen
COMPANY " E," SECOND REGIMENT-FORMERLY COMPANY TEN
HE men in the Tenth Company
are very lucky in having three
ex-service men. as their lead-
ers. V. L. Reilly our company com-
mander, hails from Brooklyn, N. Y.,
having served four years in the
regular Navy, during which time he
traveled the seven seas, seeing actual
fighting at Vera Cruz. Our platoon
chief, E.-G. Hopp, from Seattle,
Wash., acting company commander
during Reilly's absence, first served
in the Spanish-American War in
the Volunteer Infantry, later putting
in four years in the regular Navy.
R. H. Smith, our second platoon
chief from Kane, Pa., is an ex-Army
man who served on the Mexican
border. " Smithy " is an expert
on Army military tactics an.d manual
of arms, Hopp is strong on Navy
regulations, and Reilly's long suit
is scheming for the good of the
Our three weeks of intensive train-
ing while in " D " camp consisted
of various things such as washing
clothes, drilling, learning to ma-
noeuvre wheel-barrows, policing the
grounds and keeping off of " Buck's "
grass. After leaving that wonderful
place we were moved into tents for
At first our military tactics caused
some funny situations. One morn-
ing as we were being inspected by
the " Stripers " one of them asked
a big Texas boy where was his clean
suit. In response the fellow in his
excitement said, " Sir! My clean
suit is dirty." On another occasion
three fellows were called out of
ranks and placed in front of the
company and told to " cover off."
Not knowing what to do, off
came their hats. During swimming
instructions we discovered that
among our midst we had a real
fish, in Brother Albert. CHe swims
in everything but water.j
After several weeks of training we
were considered one of the best drilled
companies in camp, but unfor-
tunately the commander saw fit to
relieve us of all our machinist mates,
seamen, and other men of different
branches and left only the radio-
men. Still we uphold our reputa-
tion. We are also proud to state
that none of our men have been at
report mast or in the brig.
J. H. SHACKLEFORD and
J. T. FooTER.
Furloughs would be a heap more
pleasant if it wasn't for the first
day after a guy gets back.
Say, honestly, if you were on the
main gate on Wednesday evening
and some other Gob tried to get
past you with your girl, what would
"I wonder why it is that so
many of the air men in the Navy
have accidents," queried the budding
"Go look in the looking glass at
your dome and you will find out,"
remarked the cook. .
One Hundud Ywenty 0118
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COMPANY " F," SECOND REGIMENT-FORMERLY COMPANY TWELVE
HEN the good ship " Navy
Bound " pulled out of the
South Station at Boston it
had aboard about 110 New England
men who, though they did not know
it at the time, were destined to be
the foundation of the Twelfth Com-
pany at the Gulfport Training
Sailing into " port " about 8.30
p. m., three days later, they were
greeted by the old " salts." The
usual good advice was handed out
to us " boots " but it was taken
with a grain of salt Cyou see we began
to get " salty " right at the startb.
Some of the boys made them-
selves right at home and shook
hands with the other guys and were
then escorted to their future resi-
dences. Those hammocks were sure
formidable looking outfits and there
was none so brave as to take a chance
on swinging them up, so all the
" Bean Eaters " stuck right close
to the " deck." On rurrmaging
through the bedding the boys dis-
covered that they were fortunate
in getting "sheets " and knew that
the right way to use them was to
get into them bag fashion and fasten
the straps over their shoulders. Of
course a little later they discovered
that these supposed "sheets " were
We agreed that Sherman had the
right angle on war after we had our
first " Battle of Drill " and up to the
present writing these battles are
still waging fiercely and there has
been no armistice signed as yet.
The detention period was spent
very pleasantly as the masters at
arms were not too hot on our trails
and we had an opportunity to while
away the time in- a " friendly game "
occasionally. By the time we were
admitted to the main camp we had
them all backed off the boards for
being "old timers." We had our
hats " sewed " and clothes stops
stenciled and everything. At our
first outing which was to see the
movies at the Coliseum all the other
companies started to " ride " us
and averbal battle royal was staged.
Before the end, however, we had
them all with us and now they say
the Twelfth Company is the best
and most popular on the station
Cwe admit it ourselvesj.
After a few weeks on the drill
field under the direction of our able
Commander Samuel Covert, popu-
larly known as " Rover," the Dozen
Company men believe they are
qualified to enter any drilling con-
We have been nicknamed " Co-
vert's Rats " as a compliment to the
quickness with which we execute
all commands and orders issued by
our beloved " King Bee." Our ranks
have recently been increased by the
addition of a number of good men
from Pennsylvania and we have
also adopted a few from other
OIZC Humired Twenty-three
D" CAMP COMMANDER AND STAFF
HE purpose of the detention
camp, in charge of W. H.
Buchanan, C. M. M., is to
isolate and set apart the men who
have just arrived from civil life from
the men already in the service.
A period of twenty-one days is
the length of time the new men are
held in detention, as this period is
usually sufficient for any disease
germ to become activeg at the end
of this period, nothing developing,
the men are released from detention
and sent to the main camp.
For the homesick and lonesome
boy on his first night apart in de-
tention camp, there is written in his
imagination, as vividly as was
Dante's motto o'er the gates of the
Inferno-"All hope abandon, ye who
After he has been in a week, obf
tained a " hammock ladder,"
learned the true meaning of " Gad-
get "-can tell " chow " from what
" Mother used to cook," he changes
his mind completely.
A recruit, in Naval parlance, is
known as a " boot." Reporting in,
half frightened to death, he is imme-
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diately taken in charge by an acting
master at arms, he draws a canvas
hammock, two blankets, a bag for
his clothing, and is taken to the
Medical Officer. Here his troubles
for a modest man begin, because he
leaves behind all evidence of civil
life. After the examination, if ac-
cepted, he is issued his clothing, and
emerges with all his belongings.
The " boot " is then assigned to
a barrack in the detention camp.
These barracks are arranged so as
to house twelve men, and are com-
plete with galley, washrooms and
showers, and toilets, the barracks
are so arranged that, were sickness
to develop in one barrack, the men
could be quarantined in that bar-
During the detention period, in-
struction-is given in infantry drill,
elementary signalling with flags, and
in ordnance. Above everything,
however, cleanliness of body and
clothing is drilled into the new men
from the very beginning. The men
wash and scrub their own clothing,
dishes, and keep the barracks clean.
One Hundred Twenty-five
,2"! X ff
A COMPANY STREET IN THE "D " CAMP
pRrHuR w Nuocmf
.CA 5 ----1 ,X l
EY a eftes
HY is a yeomanette? This
is a much discussed ques-
-tion, but the answer is appar-
ent-just see who we have with
us-they are their own excuse for
To the old-timers in the Navy,
the coming of women into the great-
est of all military services, was
looked upon as a calamity. No
longer can a circular be sent out to
" The Men of the Navy "-now it
must read " To the Women and
Men of the Navy." Sounds revo-
lutionary doesn't it? And it is revo-
lutionary-anything women enter
into becomes revolutionary, but
somehow they get away with it.
In this particular instance they
have gotten away with it very well.
The time came when the nation was
hard pressed for men to man ships
at sea. Recruiting was stimulated
to obtain more men to fill in positions
vacated ashore. More vessels were
commissioned-more trained men
were required to man these vessels.
Therefore, it became apparent that
the women of the nation would have
to take up the burden of helping to
run the Navy-and they are run-
ning their particular end of it to
the Queen's taste.
It was, of course, highly imprac-
ticable to put women on board
battleships, but it was entirely prac-
ticable to dislodge some of the
" moss-backs " who had been hold-
ing down shore jobs since Adam
was a pup and give them an airing
at sea, replacing them to a good
advantage with trained women. It
was also practicable to fill in new
jobs ashore with women releasing
just so many more men for duty at
sea. And so it was done.
Our Naval Training Camp, at
Gulfport, in the State of Mississippi,
received its quota of yeomanettes,
just to be in the running with its big
brothers at other points. Here we
find them employed in many of the
offices, doing the work formerly
done by men, and doing it just as
efficiently. In the Commandant's
Office, Executive Office, Supply Com-
missary, Chaplain's Office, Canteen,
and even in the post office, we find
them busy from early morning to
late at night.
These young ladies have proven
a valuable asset at this Camp, and
have rendered creditable services to
their country when it was sorely
NONA Rox Cox.
One Hundred Twenty-nine
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HEN the war broke out and
the great call for men made
labor scarce, a number of
women in this vicinity came forward.
The first of these was Mrs. Betty
Meyers of Gulfport who from about-
July 20, 1917, the date of Rear
Admiral Reynolds' arrival, to some
time in January, 1918, tendered her,.
services during the entire period of
confusion and organization without
being on the Navy payroll. She
was enrolled and rated chief yeo-
woman in January, 1918, after ex-
amination. "Miss Betty" is the
only chief yeowoman in the Eighth
Naval District and there are very
few in the United States.
The executive office with its in-
tricate mass of records and reports
has three " yeomanettes "1 Misses
Delia Hanley, yeowoman 2c, Jose-
phine Le Cand, yeowoman 2c, and
Myrtle Saucier, yeowoman 2c.
The yeowomen in the Supply De-
partment are engaged in men's work.
Their duties have been described in
departmental articles. Their situa-
tion is like that of the train and the
farmer. A farmer upon seeing a
train for the first time declared to
his wife, " It will never start! It
will never get started!" Then upon
seeing it run at 'lightning speed the
same farmer just as emphatically
declared, " They'll never stop it,
they'll n.ever be able to stop ,it!"
Now it is doubtful if the Navy ever
discontinues the employment of yeo-
Mrs. Velma Steele, Miss Hattie
Murphy, Mrs. Cecilia Fallon, Miss
Maria McCoughlan, in the G. S. K.
One Hundred Thirty
Departmen.t, and Mrs. N. M. R.
Cox are the yeowomen in the Sup-
There are now fourteen yeowomen
on the camp. Mrs. Edwina Wat-
son, Mrs. Ella Gasper and Miss Lilly
Saenz are canteen workers. This
branch of war work for women has
received a great deal of public con-
sideration and some of the most
noted women in America and abroad
are engaged in it.
" When a 'rook ' first lands here
he feels like going to the Com-
mandant if each mail does not bring
him a letter from his girl, it seems,"
says Miss Florence Bailey, of the
camp post office, who hands out the
mail to the lovelorn. Miss Bailey
has had a life long experience in
this work, being the daughter of
the postmaster at Long Beach. She
has a well known right wing, having
pitched baseball at the Mississippi
Miss Hilda Yelverton is in Chap-
plain Taylor's office. Her duties
are as librarian and social worker.
PASSING IN REVIEW
f' J Aff I
T is Wednesday afternoon and
on this particular day I succeeded
in being excused from Regimental
Review. There are two very dif-
ferent aspects to every occasion, the
inside and the outside. This time
I was fortunate to be able to enjoy
the outside one so that we will try
and visualize it together.
It is immediately after chow and
there is great cleaning up-soon the
Gobs will be in the uniform of the
day-clean whites, neckerchiefs and
leggings. Muster sounds, which
means that each company must
" fall in " in its respective place of
assembly. " Fall in" is Navy talk
Next comes inspection, at which
time the company commanders care-
fully inspect their men to be certain
no Gob has failed to live up to that
old adage that "cleanliness is the
God of the Navy."
Let us proceed with the companies
to the Armory where they receive
their arms and return to the plaza,
ready to go to the reviewing field.
In the midst of all this prepara-
tion, our attention is attracted mo-
mentarily to a burst of radiance near
the main gate. Yes, I was right,
it is a bevy of charming ladies from
Gulfport, bent on doing us honors
while just behind them in another
car one can recognize Biloxians.
Now they come thick and fast, all
with one accord heading toward the
But it must not be understood that
the ladies possess all the honors, for
among our visitors one sees business
men and boys, indeed a goodly
crowd, all of which tends to give
evidence of the attractions of re-
view for the townsfolk hereabouts.
As usual, it is bright and warm so
all the ladies have brilliantly-colored
parasols. It is a true futurist pic-
ture, done in the most brilliant col-
ors. i As we cross the railroad, the
drill field lies before us, a great clear-
ing twelve hundred feet square. We
will take our post on the south side
for we can here command the best
view of the proceedings.
The companies are now coming
on the field in columns of squads and
form in their respective positions
along the north and east sides of
They execute a "squads left"
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movement and come into a regi-
mental front, that is, all men facing
the center of the field and being
arranged in two ranks. The com-
pany commanders have just given
their men "parade rest " and so
they will stand until "attention "
The reviewing officers are now
coming, and you will recognize them
as Admiral Reynolds with his
aide, Lieutenant CJ. GJ J ucker, Com-
mander Schwartz, and his assistant,
Lieutenant CJ.G.D Wrightsman. They
take their place in the center of the
south side of the field.
That is adjutant's call. All com-
panies come to attention and the
band begins to " sound off." The
colors company falls in behind the
band and marches to the entrance
of the field where the colors are
waiting. The color bearer and
guards, you see, now fall in between
the first and second platoons and
march back with the company to
the position they will occupy dur-
ing the parade. Colors, however,
shift from between the platoons to
the rear of the colors company.
The command " Platoons right,
forward march " has just been given,
for the companies swing into a
column of platoons to make their
circuit of the held. The band of
course is leading, and you will agree
with me that it is indeed one to be
proud of. That is Lieutenant Cle-
mentz heading the first regiment
composed of five companies under
One Hundred Thirty-four
his command. You will notice that
each is a perfectly drilled military
unit of which he is justly proud.
There come colors, behind the Fourth
Company, to which every one
renders the honors due "Old Glory."
As the companies pass the reviewing
officers, each gives the formal parade
salute of " Eyes right."
After the First Regiment has
passed the reviewing officers, the
regimental commander falls out and
takes his position with them. Here
is the Second Regiment commanded
by Ensign Mneek. Directly be-
hind him we see the seaman guard
with their field pieces, each manned
by its full complement of twenty-
four men. That movement, the
execution of left turn by them, is
the most picturesque in the entire
review. Following them are the
four companies under the Second
Regimental Commander, and it is
indeed a difficult task to determine
whether the honors should go to
the First or Second Regiment. Here
come the companies from " D "
camp. They are "boots," we know,
but their bearing is excellent, despite
their short period of training.
After passing the reviewing officers,
all the companies return to their
former positions. The ofhcers then
leave the field, after which the com-
panies form in column of squads
and headed by the band and escort-
ing the colors, march back to the
armory where they are dismissed.
EDWARD C. BRANDOW.
Q lfrq-Hgax. f.. ,pr-rgzqnrlsnzznaq-uw1rgnr5x'.x 4'pa---.gnxsx lx
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as - -V ld,
QBIU bettler bam
VERY community has an old
"settler " in it who is its
walking history. He remem-
bers times antebellum and post-
bellum, the Hoods and the storms,
the marriages and the deaths, the
scandals and the glories and
the celebrations. S. Ferrara, Jr.,
Y. lc., was the first enlisted man
to arrive at this camp, on November
14, 1917. The " Gadget " goes to
press on the anniversary of his land-
ing in Gulfport.
All that Sam's lonesome eyes
could see were the Exposition build-
ings, there were no barracks, no de-
tention camp, no brigs, no " monkey
drills," no manual of arms to be
practiced, no inoculations, no vacci-
nations, no extra duty, no dishes to
wash, no hospitals, no galleys, no
washhouse and no roads of any kind.
The only officers here at the time
were, the Commandant, Drs. Gate-
wood, Wilson and Jones, Civil Eng.
A. A. Baker and Chief Pharmacist's
The one good thing about the cir-
cumstances that Sam was in at that
time was that he could go to his
boarding house every night and sleep
in a real bed, instead of " balancing "
himself to sleep in a hammock.
Upon his arrival at the camp he
was detailed to the public works for
duties under Civil Engineer A. A.
Baker, U. S. N. He was also general
correspondent, telephone girl, ac-
countant, errand boy and what-not.
If there was anything to be done,
Sam was the " goat." It was a case
of " let Sam do it."
Some time in January, 1918, Ensign
Montgomery arrived at this camp
and assumed duties as cost account-
ing officer, and when he was ordered
to Washington, about two months
later, Sam became " the works " of
the accounting department. He has
been performing duties in that de-
partment, in various capacities, from
that day on.
One Hundred Thirty-five
THE GADGET " STAFF
Officer in Charge ..... ..,..............
Managing Edilor ........,,.......,...
JEROME L. VVIENER ..,..,,.,...
.JOSEPH R. MCCOY .....,...
EDWARD C. BRANDOW ..........,,.,.,...,,.
M M. CAD
Lds. Mi M. CAD
Assoczate Edztors .....,..........,,. JOHN P. LALLY ..............,.............................
CHARLES J. CARMICHAEL ....,.........
Lds. Radio Elect.
LESLIE R. TARR ..............,...........,............ Ph. M. 2c
LEE K. HOLLAND .........,.......
Lds. Q. M. CAD
EDWARD I. SMOLEN ...,....... .....,,......, L ds. M. M. CAD
HAROLD A. NEECE .........,., .............. M . M. lc CAD
Art Editors ....,..,.,...., .........,,.. A RTHUR W. NUGENT ........................... Lds. M. M. CAD
Adverzfz'sz'ng Aflanager ...,.......
SAMUEL LEVIN .,.,,,,,,.,,,,,..,,,,....,..................
WALTER KUMME ..,...,..,..............,......,...
A. STANLEY STANFORD, J R. .....,.....
Lds. M. M. CAD
Lds. M. M. CAD
.Chief Comm. Std.
On the morning of September 14,
1918, bowed beneath the weight of
his bag and hammock, arrived J. R.
McCoy, the erstwhile bi-weekly con-
tributor of a page of Camp News to
the Gulfport Herald. In his heart
he bore regrets that Adam had
sinned, for did he not have to earn
this furlough by the sweat of his
brow. On the main drive he en-
countered Warrant Carpenter
Jerome Wiener, who from a distance
appeared to be possessed of some
nervous failing. So great was his
agitation that his mouth appeared
to twitch impotently, for no audible
sound as yet issued therefrom. But
it was on.ly the exuberance of Jerry's
spirits that made him talk about the
" Gadget " to McCoy, long before
he had come within ran.ge.
" DO you remember what Chief
Commissary Steward Stanford said
about starting a Camp magazine,-
a Christmas publication with all our
pictures in it,-and stories and
articles about our Camp? Well,
we've started it. Ed Brnndow's
One Hurzdrsd Thirty-sez'cn
A If-v-f1A-egg ,..',p'a :-141411- 11--vsvas 4,54-4: ianqsv
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Stk 4 - if X:-sg-rpuznrnrggrggzzvnd, 544 ' Y IU,
helping rre with the work and, as
for the editor, ycu're it and there's
a bunch of copy waiting for you
to dig into now. Come right on in
and get busy."
" Say, how about talking this
thing over, and giving a guy a
chance to shed his gear and get
some cinders out of his eyes before
you unload the big idea, will you?"
" You can do all that later, what
we want is action, now, so come on
you," said Jerry. " Bear a hand,
And so the struggling victim was
dragged to the inner shrine of the
executive office, where a motley
fist full of manuscript was shoved
into the han.d not engaged in bal-
ancing his teetering sea-bag.
"Copy?" says Mac, "what am
I expected to do with this master-
piece of poetry from Company 'X,'
that begins with Geraldine throw-
ing her white arms around the neck
of her little 'Gobbie ' as the moon-
light plays on her classic profile, and
two stanzas later has the sunbeams
whispering in her golden hair? And
here's another salt-water ' ace '
watching the battleships go in and
out of Gulfport Harbor, as he soars
above terra firma, one arm clasped
about his beloved and the other
engaged in strangling the throttle
to his Liberty motor?" So endeth
the first day.
In the peace of the night, the idea
began to grow on Mac. " It would
be a mighty fine thing to get the
pictures of all the boys and build-
ings and Camp life, as a souvenir of
our Gulfport cruise. There is Jerry,
One Hundred Thirty-eight
an artist, who could make the pic-
torial section a classic, and I have
met a lot of fellows who could write
a cracking good article to recall this
life by. If I could only find those
fellows. Fellows,-let me see."
The next morning Lee Holland
and E. I. Smolen offered their ser-
vices, and after a little try-out, they
went to work as members of the
staff. Then came H. A. Neece as.
poetic critic. Anxious to make their
work go over, these men had soon
hit their stride.
J. P. Lally, formerly an expert
linotype operator and copy reader
for the Metropolitan Magazine, came
in with a stolid face and his heart
set upon work, plain WORK, me-
chanical work, copy reading, make-
up, arrangement, all of which car-
ries with it no fun. It was all just
work. He had a mass of disjointed,
unrelated, crude material to arrange
and head and correct, and it all had
to come out looking like a silk purse.
" I'll never forget that fellow," says
Mac, " it's all right enough about
inspiration and enthusiasm but Lally
was certainly a gem for working and
knowing his trade."
Carmichael was the same brand
as reporter. He is young yet, but
we will look to see his name in big
print, when he hits the street again.
The staff lost a good man in Mor-
ton, who was ordered elsewhere
before he could complete his assign-
ments. His article on the Red Cross
is a proof of the excellence of his
The gentle rain was a sad calamity
during the picture days for as sure
. ' x43
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as the sun shone, there was a picture
being taken somewhere on this
Camp. Jerry thought in terms of
pictures. Every man of us, from
the Commanding Officer to the mess
boys was the subject of a portrait.
The reality of the " Gadget " grew
with the pictures.
With palette and brush the artists,
Walter Kumme and Samuel Levin,
contributed fine art to mechanical
art. Designs, headings and decora-
tive features appearing in the fore-
going pages are in a large measure
creatures of their own brain and
If you happened to have any pe-
culiarities of manner, anatomy or
speech, for Nugent to "hang his
hat on," it is a cinch that you kept
them well camouflaged during car-
toon days. Every day new crayon
children were born unto Nugent,
and every day his sketches threw a
laugh into the beholder. Nugent's
sense of humor is only exceeded by
his excellence as a tumbler.
The business end while somewhat
obscured by the writings and pic-
tures herein, is nevertheless, the
foundation upon which the entire
structure rests. Chief Commissary
Steward Stanford's able handling
of the advertising campaign, deserves
the highest praise and has a gener-
ous part in the success of the entire
Last but by no means least, we
wish to make appreciative mention
of Edward C. Brandow who, through
his knowledge of the practical and
technical points in the printing
game has rendered most valuable
assistance to both Warrant Carpenter
Wiener and Chief Stanford, as
Assistant to the Officer in Charge.
LD MAN " POLICY " has
wrecked many a ship of state
and other smaller craft on the
sea of life, as well as many a private
and public venture. He made his
appearance in the editorial rooms
early in the game, and it was only
through the experience, knowledge,
talent and direction of one to whom
each man of us is forever in.debted,
that order was brought out of threat-
ening chaos and a smooth working
machine organized and perfected.
Assistan.t Paymaster John Lan-
desco, assistant to the Supply Officer
on this Camp, is the one to whom
we refer. He came to our rescue
at a time when black despair had
us hard and fast by the heels, and
with his coming, the success of the
"Gadget " both financially and in
a literary sense, was assured. Every
minute of his time, which he could
spare from his duties throughout
the day, has been devoted to the
pages of this book, and far into the
night, even unto thelwee sma' hours
of the morning, he has stuck by us.
Through many an hour of jaded
toil his keen and all pervading sense
of humor, has buoyed us up and
spurred us on to renewed efforts.
One Hundred Thirty-nine
8 J va
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Through practically every page
herein presented,- there runs the
golden thread of his understanding
of human nature. Whatever of
literary merit these unsigned con-
tributions may possess, the honor
and the credit belongs to him.
" Pay " Landesco is a "regular
fellow." His gold stripes have never
made of him a creature any the less
human., any the less understanding
than he has always been. His vol-
untary association with us in this
work has been at the same time a
privilege and a pleasure, and it is
with a keen sense of regret that we
finally close these pages, knowing
that hereafter our paths must neces-
sarily be divided.
Paymaster Landesco would fain
have hidden his light beneath the
proverbial bushel, but in order that
each man who reads these pages,
shall know of his efforts in their
behalf, and come to feel in some small
measure the regard and esteem in
which he is held by those of us with
whom he has labored shoulder to
shoulder, we write these final lines
R. I! R it R
9. l Eustatius walls
The only place where the Gobs can One day a " guy " came to apply for
kick, a jobg
Is the postoiiice, gee, they lay it on To open and censor the mail for the
A letter from home says a package When asked why he thought the
was sent camp rated a censor,
Three weeks ago, " Now where has " T wo-thirds of the parcels came
it went?" busted," he answered.
But the time that they had it, was
during the "flu,"
Some letters had traveled the camp
through and through.
First to the Hospital, to wards A,
B and C,
Over to " De" camp, and Main Dis-
One Huzzdrud Forly
Yet with patience the . postoffice
force jogs right on,
Finding owners of parcels whose
addresses are wrongg
Delivering specials to poor homesick
Like all Uncle Sam's faithfuls, al-
ways on their jobs.
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CHIEF PETTY OFFICERS
LIEUT. CJ. GJ
comes from New
war was declared,
he was a student
at Columbia Uni-
next day he en-
listed in the
Volunteers, and a
week later, was
Ensign in the Flying Section. He
was then detailed to organize the Bay
Shore Aeronautic Station. After
serving there for about a year, he was
ordered with his commanding officer
to the Aeronautic Station at Miami,
Florida where he was Executive
Officer. He was then advanced to
the rank of Lieutenant CJ.G.j. Early
in July, 1918 he was ordered to
Brooklyn expecting immediate over-
seas duty, but instead was ordered
to Gulfport. At this camp Mr.
Wrightsman has been assistant
Executive Officer and director of all
thelinstruction. Following the sign-
ing of the armistice, he was ordered
to inactive duty to follow his pro-
fession as an oil producer. His
duties at this camp are now being
performed by Ensign S. A. Mead.
R I! I!
HE method of training the en-
listed personnel of the Station
has been systematically pre-
pared so that each man shall receive
sufficient instruction to fit him for
service in his particular line.
Instruction has been divided into
four periods each day, two periods
in the morning and two in the after-
noon, with the exception of Wednes-
day afternoon, Saturday and Sunday.
All classes are instructed by Chief
Petty Officers, experts in their par-
ticular line of work, although oft-
times the Commissioned Staff will
take a class in hand to point out to
them the finer details of the subject.
Classes in progress embody
aeronautics, motors, ordnance, sea-
manship, signals, mathematics, boat
drill, infantry drill, etc. In addi-
tion to these general classes, there
are classes in which men are pre-
paring for the various Officers Ma-
terial Schools-Engineering, Ensign
One Hundred Forty-three
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IGNALLING is a subject of
which little has been written
but which is of the utmost im-
portance in connection with naviga-
tion. To the casual observer, the
varicolored display of pennants and
fags of the ships of the Navy are
merely decoration.s, a display to
attract the admiring eyes of those
ashore. Little is it realized that
every pennant or burgee, every
motion of flags, every flash of light,
every sound, conveys some message
In the Navy, each ship is equipped
with an efficient means of communi-
cation., whether it be wireless, helio-
graph, semaphore or wigwagging.
The importance of such equipment is
very evident, in fact it is very hard
to understand how navigation was
conducted before the advent of.
the wireless, certainly its efficiency
was greatly- impaired. Lack of
means of communicating informa-
tion to ships beyond the horizon
greatly reduced the eficiency of the
Navy and undoubtedly worked hard-
ships on the mariners of those days.
This fact is brought even more to
mind when one considers conditions
as they exist to-day.
In these days of marvelous inven-
tions, signalling by means of wire-
less telephone and radio are given
little thought, although these sub-
jects are now rated indispensable
to the safety, comfort and efficiency
Om: Hmldrcd Forfy-four
of the Navy. To this end, therefore,
it is expedient that these subjects
receive the consideration to which
they are en.titled.
For instance, by means of sema-
phore or wigwagging it is possible
for small boats afloat to keep in
touch with the ship to which they
may belong, to follow whatever in-
structions it may be necessary to
issue. Similar methods of com-
munication are used between craft
of every description wherever pos-
sible and is also applicable to land-
in.g parties, ofttimes figuring promi-
nently in a victory which might not
otherwise have been gained.
In war formations, flags are in-
dispensable for sending messages
inasmuch as wireless messages might
be picked up by the enemy, conse-
quently it is to familiarize the re-
cruits in this necessary work that
instruction is given.
From the above, it will be agreed
that stimulating interest in signals
is unnecessary. This instruction
has been mastered by the men of
the Navy in an admirable manner
and receives practical usage when-
ever occasion presents itself.
The course of study embraces the
two-arm semaphore, the wig-wag or
dot-and-dash code, 1 International flag
code, storm signals and ship's lights.
Chief Quartermaster Ramsey is in
charge of instruction and is under
the direction of Ensign Mneek.
't I ' sp nr
--'r-'sx Q' H'1H1" """"' "' 5 - I ""-""'s
LL RDNANCEX' as taught by
Chief Gunner's Mates
Selman and Epps, must
necessarily tend to convey the im-
pression that this subject is of such
importance as to warrant close ap-
plication to the finer points as pro-
pounded by the instructors. Ord-
nance and gunnery go hand in hand,
both of which are vital to the life
of the Navy, any error of judgment,
miscalculation or .misunderstanding
on the part of those engaged in the
performance of the duties men-
tioned above nearly always results
It should not be thought by those
unfamiliar with present-day life in
the Navy, that the course of in-
struction in any particular subject
to-day, is in any way reduced or
slighted, for such is not the case.
On the contrary, it is evident that
the instruction offered to-day is,
while possibly more condensed, on
a wider scale and in such form as
to be easily absorbed and under-
In presenting the subject in hand
it is the endeavor of the instructors
to create the utmost interest among
students of Ordnance in the work
before them, in order that they may
uphold the traditions laid down by
the gunners of our Navy in every
respect, and at the same time find
sufficient enjoyment in their studies
tomake them anything but tedious,
as one might be led to believe.
Instruction in Ordnance covers
quite a variety of arms ranging any-
where from the smallest side arms to
the large Naval guns which are read-
justing many ideas heretofore held
by ordnance experts. While it is
of course impossible to give this
matter as much consideration as it
merits without experience aboard
ship, it is the intention that the
graduates of the Station carry with
them a general working knowledge
of the points in question, so that in
such training as they may here-
after experience, they may be pre-
pared to undertake their work with
that confidence which can only be
established by a knowledge of sound
When one takes into consideration
the above points, bearing in mind
the tons of explosives stored in the
magazines below decks, the fact that
a battle is either won or lost in the
first few minutes, it will be readily
seen, it is essential that not one false
move on the part of those engaged
in sighting the gun, taking the range
or in handling ammunition from the
magazines, be made
In conclusion, it need hardly be
added that at all times it is the
desire uppermost in the thoughts
of instructors to promote efficiency in
every sense of the word, so that
regardless of the station or assign-
ment a man may receive, he may
acquit himself with credit.
One Hundred F arty-live
6 txok 4 - 'QI tYq4vs4rau-unvravsz.-v 3ns,' A x54 ' 5 ll" '
HE inauguration of a class in
seaplane motors under the
tutelage of Chief Machinist's
Mate Leeds, is but another incident
in the routine of the Station. In
dealing with this all-important sub-
ject to Aviation candidates, the
principles of construction, adjust-
ment, repair and operation of motors
receive the greatest consideration
and are taken up in detail.
Too much cannot be written of
the function of the motor in the
operation of a seaplane, conse-
quently it is essential that men of
ability in this particular sphere be
selected for this branch of the ser-
vice. Always must the worthiness
of a seaplane be measured by the
performance of the motor, hence one
must acquire a keen sensitiveness
to determine without hesitation,
whether or not a motor is function-
, To this end, therefore, it will be
seen that the theory of motors is
one of the controlling factors which
receives little consideration from
the average layman unfamiliar with
the evolution of seaplane motors.
Probably no other subject in the
present day has been given more
thought and study than the develop-
ment of air fighting and as the elli-
ciency of any seaplane, as mentioned
above, depends to a great extent
on its engine, it becomes evident
that too much time cannot be de-
voted to this particular subject.
The design of motors must of
One Hundred Forty-six
course differ according to the theory
of the engineer directly interested,
but the one point for which all de-
signers strive is to secure compact-
ness, lightness and simplicity, com-
mensurate with power. When one
takes into consideration the types
of motors employed in the training
of pilots, one can readily under-
stand the necessity for close appli-
cation on the part of motor students
to the subject involved. Suffice to
say it is the desire that the men
transferred from this Station be as
thorough in motors as it is possible
to prepare them with the facilities
Specialization in motors is ap-
plied to this branch of the service
properly, in that it behooves each
man to learn the work required of
him, in order that the duty to which
he may be assigned may be com-
pleted with accuracy and dispatch,
for probably in no other section of
service are these points more dwelt
upon. Seaplanes have ofttimes
failed to return from sea patrol
owing to some slight faulty working
of the engine.
The instruction course on this
Station consumes a period of twelve
lessons, wherein each student is
required to undergo an examination.
Until such time as he successfully
passes such tests as may be required
of him, he is not acceptable in the
Naval Aviation branch for prac-
lf1A ' :Jax 6' 9113911-qsx 9
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04 ' - Ar xqrqrzgrzrgrgsrarzrsj T14 ' ID'
ODERN warfare has evolved
numerous engines of destruc-
tion not the least of which
has been the evolution of the flight
machines on land and sea. Probably
no branch of the service has been
brought more to the attention of
the people of the nation and cer-
tainly none has had greater difficul-
ties with which to contend than our
"air cavalry." The success with
which the American forces have
met in this phase of the fighting is
a tribute to the genius of construc-
tion and design which has entered
into the vast constructive air pro-
gram undertaken by the nation.
The problem of design was un-
doubtedly the chief obstacle in the
path of the development of our air
forces for a long time, The develop-
ment of the European type of plane
had been so rapid up to our entry
into the war that much valuable
time had to be given to the produc-
tion of a machine which would not
only successfully cope with those
then in use, but which would prove
superior to anything likely to be
produced in the near future. How
Well we succeeded in this enter-
prise may be measured by the record
which our air forces have attained.
Quantity production has ever been
the foreword of the American Busi-
ness Institution, hence the problem
with which the manufacturers had
to contend was not entirely one of
design but also of the production of
aircraft in great numbers. Stand-
ardization provided the solution.
The prominent part which American
planes have played in the opera-
tions abroad is indicative of American
The period of our country's en-
trance into the war found the nation
thoroughly aroused in its purpose to
eliminate the submarine menace.
Of all the means employed toward
this end probably none has proven
more successful than the Seaplane.
This engine of defense hovering
over its convoy or protecting a
stretch of coast finds little difficulty
in sighting a submarine should one
be operating in the vicinity and
through the use of depth bombs
has thus engineered the destruction
of numerous enemy undersea craft.
Training of pilots for this fascinat-
ing work has proceeded with the
usual promptness characteristic oi
the Navy, ever keeping pace with
the construction of Seaplanes until
now the submarine peril is considered
a negligible quantity in the calcula-
tion of military critics.
Even more stupendous has been
the preparation of training insti-
tuted for the purpose of producing
efficient mechanics. Efficiency of
a Seaplane depends upon the thor-
oughness and ability of the mechanic,
hence the necessity that mechanics
be well grounded in the fundamental
principles of fiight.
This station early obtained recog-
nition as a training school for per-
sonnel of the Aviation section and
One Hundred Forty-seven
., I f--. - '52 '. f ' -A---- ' ---'-'-'--'u"x J"--- - -.sx ax
the methods employed to obtain
maximum efficiency are in strict
accord with Navy standards. Lec-
tures pertaining to the construction
of planes, theory of fiight, rigging
of machines, etc., in fact each detail
appertaining to the flight of air-
craft, are rendered each company
during the assigned period and are
so conducted that each subject is
fully discussed. The graduation of
classes is constantly occurring and
the merit of such instruction is
Instruction in aeronautics is under
the supervision of Chief John E.
In conclusion let it be understood
that the Gulfport Naval Training
Camp, instituted primarily for the
preliminary training of aviation
mechanics, has established a sound
foundation upon which to erect an
efficient institute for the advance-
ment of aircraft.
Popular bapings Qhuut Clamp
How you makin' out?"
Bear a hand."
They'll do that--every Mme."
Snap out of it." I
"Ain't he dashing?"
"As a matter of record."
" Whazza madder you fella?"
"Detailed to Public Works."
" S. O. L."
" No bowls."
"I hope t' tell ya."
" Hel1's afloat!"
Rise and shine, boys."
" What's the big idea?"
I reckon so."
" How's the boy?"
"Where y' all goin'?"
One I-Iundrcd Forty-eight
" Take it from me, kid."
" Holy Mackerel!"
" Some salty."
" Shove offg this is your sailin
" Tell it to the Commander."
" Flat foot inspection to-day."
I ain't got no orders."
Keep yer chin up."
" Now in my outfit they do it this
" Throw out yer anchor-yer
" You will explain by endorse-
ment hereon." '
" I'11 tell the cock-eyed world."
" 'Nough said."
" Where d'ye get that stuff?"
"Crock it out."
-- b.- J
RTHUR w. UGEN
H U.S..N.l?Ilg. T
' ! L, .
m age. l X
The Best Way to Keep Record
QBy Master at Arms,Spitzkeitj
' In promulgating your
i esoteric cogitations, or
gical observations, be-
, ware of platitudinous
ponderosity. Let your
conversations possess a
and a concentrated
cogency. Eschew all conglomerations
of flatulent garrulity, jejune babble-
ment and asinine affectations. Let
your extemporaneous descantations
and unpremeditated expatiations
have intelligibility and veracious
vivacity without rodomontade or
thrasonical bombast. Sedulously
avoid all polysyllabic profundity,
pompous prolixity, ostentatious ver-
bosity and vaniloquent vapidity,
and you will never be put on report.
One Iluudred Forty-nine
si TAT ES
. , - -. .. mv.. ,ak
BIRDSEYE VIEW OF HOSPITAL-CONTAGIOUS GROUP IN FOREGROUND
A VIEW OF THE HOSPITAL WARDS
J. D. GATEWOOD, CAPTAIN, MEDICAL CORPS. U. S. NAVY, COMMANDING HOSPITAL
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AMES DUNCAN GATEWOOD,
M. A., M. D., Captain, M. C.,
U. S. N., commanding Naval
Hospital, Gulfport, Miss., is a Vir-
ginian. He is a graduate of the
Virginia Military Institute and of
the University of Virginia. He was
appointed an assistant surgeon in
the Navy in 1880, and has been pro-
moted through the various grades
of his corps, being now the medical
director of the Navy on the active
list with longest service in that
grade. He has served on the following
naval vessels: Franklin, New Hamp-
shire Cwhen flagship of the Train-
ing Squadron, in 18825, Kearsarge
Cof Alabama fame5, Dispatch Cwhen
she was wrecked5, Dolphin, Pari-
ian Cduring Spanish-American War5,
Lancaster, Yankee, Tennessee and
California. He was fleet surgeon of
the Pacific Fleet 1909-1910. He has
been instructor in hygiene at the
Naval Academy and at the Naval
Medical School, and is the author
of a book on that subject which is
used throughout our Naval service
and also abroad. He was in com-
mand of the Naval Medical School
and of the Naval Hospital, Wash-
ington, for four years, and early in
this war, was a member of the Na-
tional Research Council and of the
Military Committee of that Coun-
cil. He represented the Medical
Department of the Navy at the
International Congress on Leprosy
qBerlin, 18975 and at the Sanitary
Convention of American Republics
CWashington 1905, City of Mexico,
19075. He holds Cuban Campaign
Medalj and Spanish Campaign
naffw.. 7 . V D v '25 LN-
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One Hundred Fifty-five
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1 , -
First row, left to right-Lt.-Ccm. Zachary T. Scott. Capt. James D. Gatewood, Lt.-Com. Frank
C. Gregg. Second row-Lt. ij. g.J Alto F. Mahoney. Lt. Ralph C. Davis, Lt. George H. Gilbert, Lt.
Cj. g.J Charles S, Gates. Third row-Lt. lj. g.J Cliifcrd W. Erainard, Lt. Cj. g.5 James E. Ballinger,
Lt. ij. g.J Frank H. Hagaman.
Zachary Thompson Scott, M. D.,
Lieutenant Commander, M. C., U.
S. N. R. F., is a Texan and prior to
his entrance in.to the naval service
was engaged in the practice of Sur-
gery in Austin., Tex. He received
his preliminary education in the
public schools of Clifton, Tex., his
boyhood home, later being prepared
for university work in private schools
of Virginia. In 1903 he was gradu-
ated in medicine from the Uni-
versity of Texas. He was engaged
in the practice of general medicine
until 1909 when he was appointed
Bacteriologist and Assistant State
Health Officer of the State of Texas.
After resigning from that office in
1910 he did post graduate work in
surgical clinics of New York, Chicago
and Baltimore and limited his work
to surgery, becoming in 1912 chief
surgeon to the Austin Presbyterian
Sanitarium, retaining this position
up to the time of volunteering his
services for the period of the war.
On September 10, 1917, he organ-
ized the Austin Naval Hospital Unit
No. 6 composed of five physicians,
ten nurses and an enlisted personnel
of forty. In this organization he
occupied the position of surgeon and
with the other members of the unit
was ordered, on January 15, 1917,
to report for duty at U. S. Naval
Hospital, Gulfport, Miss.
Frank Cousins Gregg, M. D-,
Lieutenant Commander, M. C., U.
S. N. R. F., is a Texan and prior
to time of volunteering for service
during this war was a practitioner
and consultant at Austin, Tex.,
and was the physician in charge at
the Austin Presbyterian Sanitarium,
His early education was at the High
School, Manor, Tex. and at Webb's
School, B-ellbuckle, Tenn. He took
the academic course at the Uni-
versity of Texas and in 1900 gradu-
ated in medicine at that university,
subsequently serving as interne at
the John Sealy Hospital, Galveston,
Tex. He did post graduate work at
Johns Hopkins and at New York
Po'yclinic. It was on September 6,
1917, that he voluntarily enrolled
in the U. S. N. R. F. for the war as
internist in the Austin Naval Hos-
pital Unit No. 6, and 'under orders
from the Navy Department, re-
ported for duty at Naval Hospital,
Gulfport, Miss., on January 15, 1917.
One I-Iuudrcd Fifty-seven
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,George Horace Gilbert, M. D.,
Lieutenant, M. C., U. S. N. R. F.,
was born in Austin, Tex., and re-
ceived his preliminary education in
the Austin public schools. He then
spent two years in the University
of Texas in the Science and Arts
Department and four years in the
Medical Department, University of
Texas, graduating there in 1903.
His professional life began with two
years' service in the State Hospital
for Insane, Austin, Tex. He next
occupied the position of Physician
to Texas State Confederate Home,
and later he had charge of the Texas
Sanitarium for Tuberculosis 5 going
from this institution to Southwestern
Insane Asylum at San Antonio,
Tex. He resigned from this hos-
pital in 1913 and entered private
practice in Austin., Tex., limiting
his work to the field of X-ray and
Genito-Urinary Surgery. During
this time he did post graduate work
in New York, Baltimore, Chicago
and Rochester. In September, 1917,
he was enrolled in the U. S. N. R. F.
and was ordered to active duty on
January 15, 1918, as X-ray specialist
in Austin Naval Hospital Unit No. 6,
to Naval Hospital, Gulfport, Miss.
Ralph Chain Davis, Ph. G., M. D.,
Lieutenant, M. C., U. S. N. R. F.,
is a Texan. After graduating from
Bonham, Tex. High School in 1901,
he entered the School of Pharmacy,
.University of Texas, where he gradu-
ated in 1903. He then graduated
in medicine at the same school in
1911. He then served internships
in Kansas City General Hospital,
One Hundred Fifty-eight
Kansas City, Mo., Brooklyn Eye
and Ear Hospital, and Bellevue
Hospital, New York City, finally
entering private practice in his home
at Bonham, Tex. On October 22,
1917, he was enrolled in the U. S.
N. R. F. and joined the Austin
CTex.D Naval Hospital Unit No. 6
as Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Spec-
ialist. He was ordered to active
duty at Naval Hospital, Gulfport,
Miss., in January, 1918.
Charles Shackleford Gates, M. D.,
Lieutenant CJ. GJ, M. C., U. S.
N. R. F., is a Texan. After prelim-
inary education in the public schools
of his State he entered the Medical
Department, University of Texas,
from which he graduated in 1910.
He then spent a year as interne in
John Sealy Hospital, Galveston,
Tex. In 1911 he was appointed
Assistant Superintendent South-
western Insane Asylum, San An-
tonio, Tex., where he remained two
years. In September, 1917, he was
enrolled in the U. S. N. R. F. en-
tering the Austin CTex.J Naval Hos-
pital Unit No. 6 as Pathologist and
Bacteriologist. In January, 1918,
he was ordered to active duty at
Naval Hospital, Gulfport, Miss.
Clifford Wayne Brainard, B. S.
M. D., Lieutenant CJ. GJ, M. C.,
U. S. N. R. F., was born in Michi-
gan, and received his early education
in the public schools of Battle Creek,
Mich. Later he' entered the Uni-
versity of Michigan, from which he
graduated with degree of Bachelor
of Science in 1916, and Doctor of
,id e , xc 0
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Medicine in 1918. He was enrolled
in the U. S. N. R. F. in May, 1918,
and received his first military duty
in the Naval Medical School, Wash-
ington, D. C., to which he was at-
tached from July 1, 1918, to August,
24, 1918. He was transferred to
Naval Hospital, Gulfport, Miss., on
August 30, 1918.
James Edward Bellinger, M. D.,
Lieutenant CJ. GJ, M. C., U. S. N.
R. F., is a New Yorker, and was
educated in Canisius College, Buf-
falo, N. Y., and at St. Louis Uni-
versity, St. Louis, Mo., from which
he graduated in 1918 with degree
of Doctor of Medicine. His military
experience includes enlistment in
National Army, 1917, enlisted Re-
serve Force U. S. A., 1917 to 1918.
He was enrolled in U. S. N. R. F.
in May, 1918, and was attached to
Naval Medical School, Washington,
D. C., from July 1, 1918, to Aug-
ust 24, 1918, reporting for duty at
Naval Hospital, Gulfport, Miss.,
on August 26, 1918.
Alto Freed Mahoney, B. S., M. D.,
Lieutenant CJ. GJ, M. C., U. S.
N. R. F., was born in Florida and
teceived his early education in that
State. In 1906 he entered the Uni-
versity of Louisville and graduated
from that institution in 1911 with
degrees of Bachelor of Science and
Doctor of Medicine. At the time
of volunteering in the Naval ser-
vice for duty during the war he was
practicing his profession in South
Carolina. He was enrolled in the
U. S. N. R. F. on June 24, 1918,
and reported for duty at Naval
Hospital, Gulfport, Miss., on Aug-
ust 1, 1918.
Frank Henry Hagaman, M. D.,
Lieutenant CJ. GJ, M. C., U. S.
N. R. F., is a Mississippian and
attended the schools of Science and
Medicine of Tulane University, New
Orleans, La. He was enrolled in
the U. S. N. R. F. July 12, 1918,
and had his first active duty when
attached to the Naval Medical
School, Washington, D. C. He
reported at Naval Hospital, Gulf-
port, Miss., on November 6, 1918.
One Hundred Fifly-nine
Tflintteh States aliahal Ifauspttal, Qulfpnrt, jllfliss.
HE Naval Hospital is a gen-
eral hospital with twenty-
four buildings which were
carefully designed and rapidly con-
structed to meet the greatest emer-
gency that can arise in Naval ser-
vice. It was this greatest of all
wars that caused the location here
at Gulfport of the Training Camp,
and of the hospital which, after all
is maintained to meet the medical
and surgical needs of the camp from
a hospital point of view-to care
for the sick and injured and to
rectify defects in order that men
placed on cruising ships and in the
air may be physically equal to all
The east boundary of the hos-
pital grounds is the eastern limit of
the city of Gulfport. To the north
are the tracks of the Louisville 8:
Nashville Railway, and to the south
is the great Gulf which dominates
the southerly winds that sweep over
the hospital, tempering in summer
the heat of a semi-tropical climate.
In front of the hospital is an arti-
ficial lake with rustic bridge and
summer house, water lilies, fringes
and shrubbery, with a background
of wonderful live oak trees beyond
which opens a vista of the ever-
changing Gulf waters.
It was in November, 1917, that
ground was broken for the con.struc-
tion of the hospital buildings, and
it was in April, 1918, that the hos-
pital was placed in commission,
thoroughly equipped and ready to
meet' all requirements.
This was no small undertaking
in view of the manufacturing diffi-
culties throughout the country an.d
slowness of transportation incident
One Ilundred Sixty
to the congestion caused by the
magn.itude of the war. But it was
accomplished, and, from the first
of the hospital activities, every
patient has received all the care
that could have been afforded at
the best institutions of long stand-
The hospital proper is made up
of detached pavilions oriented north
and south, each pavilion opening
at ends to receive the cooling breezes
from the south, having solaria, and
porches, large numbers of windows,
complete ridge ventilation, light buff
colored walls, electric light and also
steam heat as may be required. But
it is not on.ly in mere physical equip-
ment that this hospital has been
fortunate, but also in its personnel.
A medical staff of the highest
attain.ments was made practicable
primarily by the immediate utiliza-
tion of a Red Cross unit constituted
for Naval service at Austin, Tex.,
by Dr. Zachary T. Scott, who, a
surgeon of high reputation, enrolled
in the Naval Reserve Force with the
rank of lieutenant comman.der. He
associated with him in this unit,
Lieut. Com. Frank C. Gregg, M. C.,
U. S. N. R. F. tinternistjg Lieut,
George H. Gilbert, M. C., U. S.
N. R. F. CX-ray expert, urologist.
and psychiatristjg Lieut. Ralph C.
Davis, M. C., U. S. N. R. F. Ceye,
ear, nose and throatbg Lieut. Charles
S. Gates CJ. GJ, M. C., U. S. N.
R. F. fpathologist and bacteriolo-
gistjg all volunteering their services
to the Navy, enrolling in the ranks
designated, sacrificing their pro-
fessional activities in civil life and
offering for duty anywhere the emer-
gency demanded. But it was just
edge , f
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at that time that the Naval training
camp here came into being and it
was that situation which led to the
assignment of all of those officers
to duty at this hospital, and it is
those officers, acting under the com-
manding officer of the hospital, who
exercising their specialties, have
made the medical and surgical ac-
tivities of the hospital a most com-
mendable part of the history of the
Navy during this war.
who were assigned to duty at this
hospital and who have given splen-
did service. There are seven of
those nurses now at the hospital,
all in the Navy as reserve nurses.
In constituting the nursing force
of the hospital there are also four
Reserve Force nurses.
Thus the hospital has been for-
tunate in having the highly trained
services of eleven volunteer muses
who were actuated by the spirit of
In addition to the medical officers
forming the medical section of the
Austin unit, there have been a num-
ber of additional medical officers of
the Naval Reserve Force who have
served on the hospital staff. Of
those, Lieut. James E. Bellinger
CJ. GJ, Clifford W. Brainard, Alto
F. Mahoney and Frank H. Haga-
man are now a part of the staff,
and have done excellent service
which has been of great value in
maintaining hospital efficiencyf
In the Austin unit there were
also a number of Red Cross n.urses
sacrifice incident to the war, having
devoted themselves to the care of
the Navy's personnel, bringing cheer
and help to each bedside.
In addition to the volunteer nurses
the hospital has had the advantage
of having in its nursing force three
nurses of the regular Navy Nurse
Corps. In fact, all the nursing
activities of the hospital have been
under Miss Fredricka Braun, the
chief nurse, who has a long record in
the Navy Nurse Corps of efficient
service at many Naval stations, and
One Hundred Sixty-one
1 15 ..g1':7? 'I'
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. vi? 1
Front row-Miss Clara T. Stone, Miss Fredricha Braun, chief nurse: Miss Vera O. Harmon.
Second row-Miss Lora A, Maddux, Miss Annie Gabriel, Miss Ruth Wasson, Miss Clara Kassel.
Third row-Miss Nell Friend, Miss Eva Todd, Miss Sallie Reagan, Miss DeAlva Frazier.
fin ' 115 111111111:1cac1s11Q germ 'cha
. -. I 'L f'. f 'Psa' - xax
Q., Wg, 'I he ad 9 e pax, 1 ,su
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who has sustained her well merited
reputation at this hospital.
In every hospital the medical and
surgical work is necessarily para-
mount in any ordinary sense, yet,
all such work rests upon organiza-
tion which includes not only the
question of handling medical and
surgical supplies, but also food, to-
gether with its proper preparation
and service. And in association with
all these things are extensive records,
kept in definite relation to all per-
sonnel and to all property of every
In that connection the Administra-
tion Building of this hospital has
been in many respects the busiest
part of the hospital. In that build-
ing are not only the offices of the
commanding officer and other med-
ical officers, and of the chief nurse,
but also of the pharmacist, who has
the important duty of handling and
perfecting all records, of controll-
ing and guiding the record room
force, of keeping definite control
and record of al1.hospital property,
of supervising the obtaining of all
food supplies, and of general man-
agement of the entire commissary.
This important Work has been done
by Lieut. Edward R. McColl, M. C.,
U. S. N., who entered the Naval
service in 1909, and who by virtue
of his long experience has made the
success of the hospital in all these
designated relations a subject of
most favorable comment. In fact,
no hospital can be a success without
a most intelligent supervision in
these respects, and the Naval Hos-
Q PHARMACIST'S OFFICE
Lieutenant Edward R. McColl, Medical Corps, U. S. Navy
One Hundred Sixty-tl11'ee
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xok 4 - -I kqqggpvqnrspgnyanrsual K JA ' , ltfl
pital, Gulfport, has earned during
this war a most desirable record in
the care of its patients and per-
sonnel, not only in the way of com-
fort and food requirements, but also
in the direction of its complete rec-
ords which are of such great import-
ance to each individual in his rela-
tion to a beneficent Government.
And in the record room there are
now yeomen who are designated
in the illustration of that room who
have often been found at their work
through the midnight and into the
small morning hours.
And in relation to food, an essen-
tial requirement is its preparation
and serving. In that connection
the galley force is paramount. In
that the hospital is fortunate in
having a number of good cooks.
Some of these were enrolled by Lieu-
tenant Commander Scott, M. C.,
U. S. N. R. F., in forming the
Austin unit and some came to the
hospital from New Orleans. Of the
four cooks, three volunteered their
services to the Navy during the
war and on.e is a regular service
man. In the hot summers of this
region such duty is truly patriotic
and there have been times in the
history of this hospital when three
of these cooks have efficiently per-
formed their duties for 450 people.
In the direct service of food the
hospital has had the services of ten
colored mess attendants, all volun-
teers for the war, and they have had
much duty to do.
Left to right-C. E. Wuggins, L. S. Doak, W. G. Lewis, J. W. Wilcox, W. W. Russell
One Hundred Sixty-five
HOSPITAL CORPS D
Front row-R. W. Price, H. A. Wagner, Louis Hoehn, H. R. Myers.
Second row-E. E. Beelcr, J. R. Nagle, C. E. Cook, E. T. Harris, L. A. Lawlor, R. R. Klapp.
Third row-J. F. Mounts, C. L. King, Hurbert Gaspard, Leslie Woverton, S. R. Yantz, F. O. Mason
Fourth row-B. R. Moore, A. J. Howard, J. G. jones. J. B. Martin, E. A. Wepier.
Fifth row-G. S. Phelan, W. I. Weiser, A. B. Puckett, W. G. Lewis.
Sixth row-Pope McCork1e, W. S. Patterson, L. M. McCurdy, John Flanagan, J. E. Murdock, N. F.
Seventh row-B. H. Lammers, A. E. Kennedy, R. F. Cantrell, Deck Hess, Albert Medearis, H. W.
Sampson, L. B. Eastland, L. G. Jones.
f 9 5 F
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But, considerin.g all the hospital
activities, an expression of the work
of the Naval Hospital Corps at
this hospital is gladly made. -ffhe
Hospital Corps is one of the regular
Navy corps, made up, as are all
other parts of the regular service,
of men who have come forward to
serve without limitations or condi-
tions, in peace and in war, ashore
and at sea. Such men on enlist-
ment receive instruction at the Hos-
pital Corps Schools and are assigned
to duty wherever their services may
CAFETERIA SERVING IN THE GALLEY
In this war, with a rapidly ex-
panding Naval force, men in the
Hospital Corps in the higher ratings
of that corps have been limited in
number and consequently unusual
responsibilities have been placed
upon men of relatively short service.
This situation has given opportun-
ity for the rapid exercise of initiative
in the lower ratings of the corps.
It is from that point of View that
the hospital has had the good for-
tune to have assigned to it for duty
a considerable number of hospital
corpsmen who have done remark-
ably good service during this war
period, many -of them accumulat-
ing experience under the medical
staff and trained nurses, showing
commendable cheerfulness and will-
ingness and doing duty in the gen-
eral wards, in the care of contagious
cases, in the handling of clothing,
in disinfection, in operating room, in
X-ray room, in laboratory, phar-
macy, first aid, stretcher transfer
of patients, duty as master at arms
HOSPITAL CORl5S coMPANv-
LITTERS AT THE CARRY
One H undred Sixty-seven
., f"""". f-. """"""""""'v3x4""""'X as
ef. r rev. The Gddge ' Q-2'
SQA 4 , 5 Yggggggzgrssscsrnvuf, Q94 1 5 :lf
and commissary duty, and in many
other directions. These duties have
been done night and day, often with
few hours of diversion, and such
duties have been very essential in
making the efficiency of the hospital.
It was the Red Cross that donated
two of the three ambulances at this
hospital. The Bureau of Medicine
and Surgery, Navy Department, sup-
plied the hospital with a remarkably
complete Cadillac ambulance. The
two Red Cross ambulances areReos.
The drivers of these ambulances
and of the other hospital motor
vehicles have the rating of machin-
ist's mates 2nd class, are volunteers
for the war, and are skilled auto-
mobile mechanics. Their services
have been invaluable. They have
operated ambulances night and day,
have made all repairs, and have had
charge of the hospital garages.
In the hospital power house there
have been one chief machinist's
mate and three firemen. This power
house has supplied steam for heat-
ing all buildings, for the laundry,
and for sterilizers and disinfectors.
The chief machinist's mate, who,
together with the firemen, is in the
regular service, has been in efficient
charge, not only of the power plant
as such, but also of the extensive
plumbing and of all machinery.
With him have been also associated
three plumbers and litters and two
electricians, all the latter being
volunteers and in the Naval Reserve
Force. The work of all these men
has been very well done and has
formed one of the essential activi-
ties of the hospital.
' One of the chief activities of any
well regulated hospital is in keeping
clean. Cleanliness is one of the
essentials in every household, and
in no direction is that more impor-
tant than in a hospital laundry.
The equipment of this hospital in-
cludes a large and thoroughly sup-
plied steam laundry, which is neces-
sarily one of the busiest places on
the grounds. Work in that building
has required skilled service which has
been rendered most satisfactorily
by three machinist's mates 2nd
class, two of them being in the regu-
lar service and one in the Naval
Reserve Force. These men came to
the hospital with excellent reputa-
tations which they have maintained
not only in end results, but also in
management of clothing from
patients suffering from many vari-
eties of troubles.
No hospital has ever been con-
structed that did not, soon after
occupation, require many structural
adjustments in fittings of all kinds.
In such adjustments the carpenters'
work is of prime importance. And
the carpenters' work is also essential
in making lockers, tables, tent floors
Om' Hundred S1'.1'ty-nine
farm' 11 111111113
z. v The
" f .- "' '29
A I 55 f'o f 551' F xx 1
Q , , Q s I ' 1 1'
xok 4 - X44 " 5 ll'
and very many other things that
go to complete the efficiency in
equipment. This hospital has been
fortunate in having such work per-
formed by four men., one a chief
carpenter's mate of the regular ser-
vice and three carpenter's mates,
2nd class, one a regular and the
others in the Reserve Force. These
men have shown considerable in-
genuity and a very commendable
And so, as this great war ends,
it is a pleasure to review even in
this general way the activities of
the United States Naval Hospital,
Gulfport, and to indicate by illus-
trations and by name the men who
have so cheerfully and efficiently
performed such essential duties
One is apt to think of the many
mechanisms and appliances that have
been developed in this war, but
without placing emphasis upon the
fact that man is the most important
instrument of all. After all, it has
been in the training of men that
this war has been won, and in that
direction this hospital has performed
its full duty. Surely one must
realize that even the simplest ma-
chine requires care and attention
and repairs, and that the compli-
cated machine known as man cannot
be trained without the attention
in selection, sanitary management,
medical and surgical adjustment
which the Medical Department of
the Navy has supplied in this time
of war and in which a Naval Hos-
pital has its full share.
J. D. G.
52. O! Q U! U!
" Qbthertnise Quiet iBrehaiIs"
Scene: XYZ Ward.
Time: 9 p. m.
All bed-patients in bed. Heavy
snoring heard in distance, otherwise
quiet prevails. Red Cross nurse-
young, pretty, very pretty,-sitting
at desk reading latest copy of Lzje.
Door opens with loud bang-
young Doctor Whoosit enters.
Corpsman No. l wakes up-rushes
madly over to his sleeping nfate,
shakes him gently, whispering
"Hist." Corpsmen dash swiftly
up to approaching M. D. Nurse
follows more leisurely. Groans
heard from patients on doctor's en-
One Hundred .S'ez'enly
Doctor removes hat, smiles at
nurse. Nurse keeps hat on but
smiles back. Patients groan. Corps-
men smile and go back. Patients
continue to groan. Doctor speaks
to nurse-nurse smiles and answers.
Patients groan louder. Doctor looks
into nurse's eyes-nurse smiles,
blushingly-patients groan. Doc-
tor asks nurse question-nurse
shakes head, blushes. Patients groan
feebly. Doctor exits.
Nursie resumes latest Lzfe. Pa-
tients quiet. Corpsmen resume
sleeping. Heavy snoring heard in
distance, otherwise quiet prevails.
T. J. D., JR.
49 V- .731 + -. Q'
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xxx., i ,rj 5 1- - .,,, m ,ing-sr. .1 'J i , 4 I
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Is It Possible?
A big cheesy moon was camou-
fiaging the Gulf withatouch of silver.
Inside the Coliseum the dancers were
hopping along, puffing and steaming.
A little Biloxi girl nestled up to a
possible aviator and cooed:
"Flying can't be half as nice as
" Nice as what? " he asked, light-
ing a cigarette.
" Why just to think that I am in a
real naval station, talking to officers
and everything: It is all so wonder-
ful and I feel like ' Alice in Wonder-
The officer took the little hand
that fondled the sleeve, where he is
in hopes of having a stripe some day.
" It is truly wonderful," he sighed.
They stood in front of the officers'
rimless and gazed at the moon-lit
Gulf, then at one another, mingling
the emotion of their hearts with the
poetry of the beautiful night.
The " may be " aviator staggered
forward. " I love you, Victrola,
will you be my little aviatrix?"
She breathed a deep sigh, and in
the manner of her screen favorite, it
reached his ears and registered love.
" I-I-I-can't, dear-I simply can't.
" What? " the officer's eyes blinked
with pain. " What difference does
that make to you and I little girl? "
" Why, how can I be your little
aviatrix, when you are just-I mean,
when you do not know the first thing
about an airplane? The man I'm
to marry can do wonderful things.
He-he-he's a cadet! "
" But Victrola, I---- "
" Yes," she said smilingly, "I
know what you are going to say,
my 'fiance' told me not to believe
everything that officers without
stripes say 3 he said they 'threw the
bull '-whatever that means. He
said that the men with white hat
bands were real aviators, and the
others were only taxi-instructors."
The officer bit his lip. " When did
you meet this cadet of yours? "
" Gee, I met him long before I met
you. It was the second dance but it
was not until the first extra that he
asked me to marry him. It's almost
like cousins marrying, we know and
understand each other so well."
A big blushing youth from the
Military Academy had wandered up
One Hundred Seventy-one
2, " " ,sf " """""'
adge 'ng in .f
, 'sl ,
' "f A' 5" " W5 ' W
6 sth Q - -I xx-ug'-uggv.-r:1sr:1J:irHd, 214' 5 1D,'
and was standing before them.
" Pardon me but this is my dance."
" Surely," said Victrola, "I was
But the youth from the Military
Academy pulled hard on Victrola's
arm, and the officer watched a pair
of " putts " and a pair of satin slip-
pers saunter toward the Coliseum.
" Di-n those Academy kids,"
he muttered, and beat it for "some-
OME of our best known and
most celebrated surgeons and
scientists have for generations
past argued the importance of men-
tal suggestion in the treatment and
cure of many human ills. But that
this power of suggestion could be
wielded by so unpracticed a hand
as that of a plain Gob was some-
thing we never dreamed of.
It appears that one of the em-
ployes of the canteen had a diffi-
culty with a recruit and pursued
the matter to such length that the
affair ended with the hapless re-
cruit being dragged off to the cooler
by one of the masters at arms. As
he was being hauled brigward the
hapless one yelled over his shoulder,
however, at his triumphant enemy,
"I hope you choke, I hope you
choke for this." This sinister and
terrible wish was repeated over and
over until the prisoner's voice was
lost in the dim recesses of the cala-
The canteen man, being of a some-
what superstitious turn of mind,
pondered over these strange words
of his antagonist all afternoon, and
the more he thought of it the more
it worried him. As time wore on
he began to feel a sense of uneasi-
ness in his chest, and finally, just
One Hundred Sevenly-two
before quitting time, he was hor-
rified to sense coming over him that
awful choking sensation that had
been foreshadowed in the rookie's
wish following the difficulty that
afternoon. The unfortunate can-
teen man began to choke. The hos-
pital was only a short distance
away. There was no time to lose.
With his eyes sticking out like door
knobs and croaking frenziedly, " He
wished it on me, he wished it on
me," the stricken man made a mad
dash for the dispensary.
Arrived at the abode of the medi-
cos the unfortunate appeared in the
last throes of strangulation and it
was some time before they could
bring him round. When he did
come to himself he was told there
was nothing the matter with him,
and asked for the love of Mike, what
he made all that fuss for. "I tell
you I was choking," he insisted g
" that guy wished it on me." No
amount of persuasion would con-
vince him that he was not the vic-
tim of a strange and terrifying
vengeance. The doctors say it is the
clearest case of mental suggestion
that has ever come under their notice
but the survivor still insists his ail-
ment was "wished on him" and noth-
ing short of a miracle saved his life.
i fzn' girx fo. ,111ftt1QJ11:Qas.1:11'Q".s ldggg-'qgtsx lx
ay. . Wg 'ff be edge pax 4 ,sa
xok 4 - i gcqgzzrzggyrlircji XL ' 5 ld' '
S Chief Executive of the City
of Gulfport, I desire to ex-
press our appreciation of the
Naval Station in Gulfport. It has
been my pleasure to have known
personally the officers who so ably
and wisely-planned the Station.
We appreciate the high type of
Gentlemen in command of the Sta-
tion and all Departments.
To the enlisted men, I desire to
say that we are glad to have them
with us and I want to congratulate
them on their high moral conduct
and assure them that Gulfport fully
appreciates their presence and it is
our purpose and hope to do every-
thing possible for their benefit and
pleasure while in our midst, with the
hope that wherever they may be
called they will have pleasant mem-
ories of Gulfport.
Gr-:o. M. FooTE,
In speaking for the people of Pass
Christian generally I take pleas1.u'e
in giving expression to sentiments
that approve and admire the splen-
did deportment and morale of the
many young men enlisted in the
naval service and located at the
Gulfport Training Station. It has
been the pleasure of our people to
be thrown in contact, socially and
otherwise, with many of these young
sailors, and their visits and actions
have always been a source of pleasure.
J. H. SPENCE, Mayor.
BRITISH CONSUL EXTENDS
William Edwin Belton, British
vice consul, Captain Patterson and
Archibald O. Thompson, repre-
senting the British ship owner,
Norton Lilly, in an interview at
Gulfport, expressed a deep grati-
tude to the administration of the
Naval Training Camp for the friend-
liness and helpfulness extended
Captain Patterson and the Lascar
" We take this opportunity to
say that our gratitude to the Naval
station administration cannot be
expressed, and more especially to
Lieutenant Clementz for aiding in
important engineering repairs when
skilled mechanics could not be found 3
to Mr. Holcombe, who is a most en-
thusiastic and practical Red Cross
man, for the untiring aid given the
Lascars in their sickness. The very
Mohammedans themselves will never
cease to thank Allah for sending
them Mr. Holcombe. Nor do we
wish to ever forget John Landesco
for his direction and advice.
" The civilian population, as well
as the military, caused us to remem-
ber that we are blood relations -with
the Americans. Miss Witchard, Miss
Summers, Miss Sorrell, Miss Pierce,
as nurses, and Dr. West, for his
valuable medical aid, will ever be
in our hearts."
One Hundred Seventy-llwee
E --.ima --- 7" 34. " ..
1-v 1 p 4
If QS. fs, if I 5 lx 4' 1 xx is
4 A I , I , , -Ax ,. .
xvA I - b , - Yqqggug-vqrgqggnzrrnaf Q54 " 5 ll'
At peace beneath your fig and vine,
A householder, and ripe with age,
You'll turn to these leaves of mine
To show them to your sons, I wage.
I will preserve your youth and grace,
When time and destiny unkind
Have marked with age your form
A youthful self in me you'1l find.
As sacred vestments of the brave
They will regard the Navy blue
In pride I'll witness that you gave
When justice asked, your all and
J oHN LANDEsco.
One Hundred Seventy-four
fr --1-ge 1
M4 'X 'Vx-fxs "
ff' , 'L-
FRTHUR w. Nusznf
The Gadget Staff take this means of expressing their appreciation of
your generous support of our book. The advertisements on the following
pages and your contributions have made this book possible.
Henry Piaggio .....,. .....
L. N. Dantzler. .............,.. ..,..... .... .
Bank of Gulfport .......... ...................... .....
Gulfport 8z Mississippi Coast Traction Co ......... ........
Paschen Brothers, " The Friends of the U. S. Navy " ......
H. T. Daniels Auto Co. . ............................ . . .
Crystal Ice Sz Coal Co ...... ...................... .....
Riviera Hotel ......
R. N. Heath .,....
Woodward 81 Wight
H. T. Cottam 8z Co ..... .....
Albert Mackie Sz Co ..... .....
E. Battistella 8a Bro
F. F. Hansell .......
Parker Blake Sz Co.
I. L. Lyons 8a Co. ..
Crescent Cigar 8a Tobacco Co. ..... . . . . .
L. Frank 8z Co. ................ .... .
Pelican Cracker Factory ...................... . . .
Consumers Biscuit Co ......,................... .....
Standard Sanitary Mfg. Co., Ahrens SL Ott Div ..... .....
Jos. Chalona Co ............................... . . .
Bugna Brothers ..... ....
Scruggs Garage ....... .....
Smith, Todd 8z Co ...... .....
Chas. D. Durkee ...... .....
Day Drug Company .... .....
Dixie ,Iobbing Co .... . .... .
Buras Cafe ........ . .... .
Armour Xa Co ..... .....
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
New Orleans, La
.New Orleans, La.
New York, N. Y
"The Oasis of WestFl0rz'da"
PENSACOLA fthe beautifull
A night's ride from Biloxi or Gulfport.
Golf, speed boats, finest Hshing and hunting.
Largest Naval Air Station in the World.
San Carlos Hotel
Accommodations for 300
Eurofzean plan - 51.50 up
Cafe of peculiar excellence in connection.
Up to date Electric Grill and Coffee Shop.
Rendezvous for the Army and Navy.
Booklet on request.
CHARLES B. HERVEY, Proprietor
For every Branch of the
S E1 R V I C E
Catalogue showing many attractive
designs free. We make a specialty
of special designs for Regiments or
Individuals. Special prices quoted
on orders for 12 or more. Price for
Solid Gold 357.50-Sterling 552.25
Full amount refunded if ring is re-
turned-send for our folder of other
designs in Jewelry.
C. K. GROUSE CO.
17 Bruce Ave
NORTH ATTLEBORO, MASS.
In the Navy, In the Army, or in
We are prepared to outfit you in
any walk of life with the very highest
grade merchandise on the market.
When in town, call in for any
information or favors and we will
gladly aid you.
TIE CAUSEY-ROSS CO.
Gulfport - - - Miss.
SQ4N1 TAR Y
The Shop for the particular
Convenient to the "Photographs For Horne"
Beach and Business
' A photograph forhome-for the folks
who are waiting and hoping-for
THE KENNEDY HOTEL the folks who are proud of their boy
Opposite L 6: N Depot
James A. Dowling
, , Photographer
Hot and cold running water in every
room 313 U2 Lameuse St., Biloxi, Miss.
CATERING TO THE BOYS IN SERVICE. KODAK FILMS DEVELOPED
The Ubampia Ca e
2606 Fourteenth Street Gulfport, Miss.
LAMBRAKES BROTHERS, Props.
qwe NEVER SLEEPJ
"W here all the Saltyi Boys Hang Out"
No matter what the Sailors want to And Sailors, you are welcome every
eat, we always have it-and better hour of the day or night. If .there's
still, it's cooked and served just like it anything you wantin the line of "chow"
was in your own home town. that doesn't appear on our bill of fare
-tell it to "Tom" and you'll get it.
WE. SUGGEST THAT YOU DRINK
Shivar Ginger Ale
FOR YOUR I'IEAI..TI'I'S SAKE
Tonic, Pure, Delicious. Bottled at the celebrated Shivar Spring,
Shelton, South Carolina
FOR SALE BY ALL DRUGGISTS AND GROCERfS
WHEN YOU SMOKE WE RECOMMEND '
Cuesta Rey Cigars
For more than thirty years, Cuesta Rey Sz Co., Tampa, Florida, have been
making Havana Cigars-for those who want the best
GULF PORT GROCERY CO.
W lzolesale Distributors
Diamonds, Watches and
High Class Jewelry
DO YOUR CHRISTMAS .
OUR stock is complete with de-
sirable gifts for this season,
consisting of all the latest in the
Will Appreciate a Call
J. M. HARLESS
JEWELER AND OPTICIAN
When in Biloxi, if you
feel like eating, visit Sor-
rell's Restaurant. It's on
Lameuse Street, between
Howard Avenue and the
Gaiety Theatre, just
around the corner from
where the car stops.
GULF PORT, MISS.
High cash price paid for Diamonds
Rubies, Emeralds, Old Gold
Chronometers, Watches and
jewelry carefully repaired
Full Line of Christmas Jewelry
The House that Distributes
Every Monday, Bargain Day
WE MAKE THE
KIMBROUGH 81 QUINT
The Rexel! Drag Store
Headgitarters for the boys in blue
Eastman Kodaks, Candies, and Slots of
" MEET YOUR FRIENDS HERE "
Choice Candies Fine Stationery
" The Nafval CRendezfooas"
WALKER CLOWER DRUG STORE
"The place to meet your friends"
Pure Ice Creams I Fount Specialties
Tow War H6 mm'
HE time has now come when without YOUR co-opera-
tion, the whole-hearted co-operation of every Ameri-
can, man, woman and child, our army cannot fight at
CLYou are a vital part of our war machine. You are but a
step behind the man in the trenches. It is your task to en-
sure him the unfailing supply of guns, ammunition, all of the
fighting equipment that means victory.
CI,The soldier and the sailor have only the necessities of life.
On this basis they are lighting with their full strength and
with the spirit of victory. Enlist yourself and every member
of your family on the same basis. Work and save for victory
as they fight for victory.
T he First 6lfZ'07Z5ll Bank
'GE' Bank that Built Gulfport
Make Qur Store Your Meeting Place
WE ARE AT YOUR SERVICE AT ALL TIMES
Eat at the Parlor Cafe
Where You Get fhe Besf
WE APPRECIATE YOUR PATRONAGE
Parlor Drug Store On the Busy Corner
To fbe Naby CBoys
WE ARE AT YOUR SERVICE
MAKE OUR STORE YOUR
WE APPRECIATE YOUR PATRONAGE AND WANT
YOU TO FEEL AT HOME ABOUT OUR STORE
Jones Bros. Drug Co.
" THE REXAL STORE"
for Officers and Enlisted Men
RATING BADGES, FLAT HATS AND HAT
BANDS. ALL MARKS AND INSIGNIA
:: DITTY BAGS ::
MAIL Us YOUR ORDER
Nofw tbat the War is
Ofver, Let Every Indi-
'vidaal Work 'with
You will ask yourself how this can be
done. Quite often you think of a medical
book or a medical journal you would like to
have if you only knew where to get it. The
idea of this AD is to let you know we can
supply THAT medical book or medical jour-
nal you were thinking of.
Why write here and there for a book and
have half a dozen accounts when you can
send your orders our way and have only one
account. This is where the ejjicienl part
comes in. ,
M ' C
I A. ajors ornpany
MEDICAL BOOK STORE
1710 Commerce St. 1301 Tulane Ave.
DALLAS, TEXAS NEW ORLEANS, LA.
P. H. WHITE
Rea! Estate Agent
Gulf Coast Property for Sale
Truck Farms, Improved and
Unimproved City Property
Communicate with me for information
regarding the Gulf Coast
WE REPLACE ANY BROKEN LENSES
Gu lfp ort, Miss.
Watch and Jewelry Repairing
Globe Clothing Co.
THE LARGEST EXCLUSIVE
M EN' S AN D
ON THE MISSISSIPPI COAST
Cor. of 14th St. 8: 26th Ave.
Steam Dye Works and Laundry Co.
A. C. BUXTON, Manager
2908 Thirteenth Street Phone 280
Stretelkios Candy Co..
Only the iinest in Ice Cream, Can-
dies and Confections
Before calling on HER---
Call on us !
Featuring only the best in
Catering to the best, and at all times endeav-
oring to please the most exacting of patrons.
Drop in--any evening--and you will find your
friends here. Your Gulfport friends--and the
boys from the Camp--and, incidentally--you
will spend a most pleasant evening.
EDGAR N. HIRSCH
Director and Manager
Zilhv Eixiz Ullynutrr Magnulia Uhratrr
Uhr GPI!! Uhrutrr - iliattfvahurg. Mina.
Some day you will
The Coast's Best Store
Why not begin Now
Men's, Womenis and Children's GSHQ,S,A,S2g CIQXEHQED
Furnishings, Clothing, Shoes, SWFIGSERISISSO c,.,f,l,'2l2ll?,l,PE? Bldg
Hats, Millinery, Dry Goods,
Cameras, Photographic Sup- THE,
plies, Flashlights, Batteries,
and Bulbs, Victrolas, Vic-
tor Records, Toys, Toilet
Articles, School Books,
Gulfport's :: Greatest :: Store
Silverware, Clocks, Tools and Materials,
Optical Goods, Jewelers' Supplies
58 East Washington Street
F6311 Southern ofel
Facing the Gulf of Mexico where
Flowers Bloom the Year 'Round
Perfect Service and Unexcelled
Cuisine combine to form this
Exceptional Hostelry : : : :
The Home of many of the Naval
Officers, and catering at all times
to the Men in Uniform and the
Traveling Public : : : : :
Gulfport . Misszsszppz
We carry a full line of
DRUGS, KODAKS and SUNDRIES
Agents for Huy1er's and Fuerst 8z Kramer's Candies and the
. Celebrated Santox Remedies
We appreciate your patronage and are anxious to serve you well
GRANTS DRUG STORE
Jeweler and Optometrist
415 WEST HOWARD AVENUE BILOXI, MISS.
SERVICE JEWELRY OF ALL KINDS
Watch and Jewelry Repairing Fine Engraving
Eyes Examined and Glasses properly fitted
L. LOPEZ 6: CGIVIPANY
Wholesale and Retail
Ship Chandlery, Hardware, Etc. Biloxi, Miss.
in every Room
Special Rates to the Boys from the Naval Station"
OPPOSITE CITY PARK
Once selected as "spares," Vacuum Cup Tires be-
come regular equipment as a matter of course.
The Vacuum Cups will not skid on wet, slippery
pavements-are so guaranteed.
Vacuum Cup Tires are sold at approximately the
same price as ordinary 3,500 mile tires, though they
are guaranteed-per warranty tag-for
Makers of Auto Tubes " Ton Tested "
Pennsylvania Rubber CO.
Direct Factory Branches and Service
-ami---ww-I--n Agencies Throughout the United States and Canada
One of the most interesting departments of the Gubfport Naval
Training Camp is the Carpentry Shop. We are furnish-
ing tlze Wood Working machinery for it.
Ood Orking Machinery CO.
Largest builders of wood working machinery in the world
and NEW YORK
Factofy U CHICAGO
ROCHESTER, N. Y. SAN FRANCISCO
COMPLIMENTS OF f
SWIFT 8: COMPANY
CHICAGO, ILL., U. S. A.
NEW ORLEANS BRANCH
--yes, I wear the REAL
ECAUSF1 lhcy give that Iinul loucrh of
quality. Why should I huy good shocs
uunl thou put iulo thcln luccs that quickly look
shuhhy uml who's lips pull off?
Bcuilg-ll Tip Laces arc Amcrica's Supreme
Shoo Laws. Those lips positively wou't pull
oil. The Ircsl ol' lixhric moans Sll'l'llglil aml
long wcur. lfust colors mcuu lmuuly.
But you gc-t that 111 lho real Bcumlwl Tip
Look for line Trrule-mark BEADED
lfs your-prolcclion. It sufcguurrls you uguiusl
lautcs Ihut look like Bcumlo4l'l'ip l,Ll1'1'S.,lDlllli1Lll.S
ull lhut they do. As lo lhc quulily mul sur-
vice of those ilIlil.L'lllOI'lS1lil1ll,5 anolhcr story.
The Original, Dvpvnllubic Bvmivll Tip Laces
Are Sold by ull C0041 Dealers
1 - u -..'E?5g'2ll ,wi
223515233 21:9 Blfsfd N15 fbf
AUBURN, PROVIDENCE, R. L.
wUR line of Uniforms are tailored from the finest quality
uniform cloth, fast color, all wool fabrics, and guaran-
teed. Made to your individual measure form-fitting style.
Either in broadcloth or serge. Middy blouses for girls made
to order 3 also middy ties. Complete line of flat hats, rat-
ings, sewed white hats, naval jewelry, pillow tops, banners
and pennants. Write for measurement blanks and particu-
lars. Mail orders filled promptly : : : : : : : 1
SNYDER'S NAVAL OUTFITTERS
15 CHELSEA STREET :: :: CHARLESTOWN, MASS.
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I 848 l898
have been supplied to the United States Government for many years. Troops
were equipped with Colt made arms in the Mexican War, I848g during the
great struggle from 1861 to IS65, and in the war with Spain, l898. Through
all the years of this Company's existence we have been developing arms which
have been adopted by the United States Government and which have made
many thousands of friends for the Colt Company.
This great experience now seems to have been but preparation to enable
us to serve the United States Government during the present world war. The
Colt Company manufactures the Colt, Browning and Vickers Machine Guns in
addition to the Colt Automatic Pistol and Colt Revolver, Caliber .45. To the
maximum extent of our capacity we are making these essentially military
weapons for the Government, and at their request are daily enlarging our facili-
ties. ln doing this, which is our duty to the Government, we are each day
having to disappoint many friends who wish to procure some particular model of
Colt revolver or automatic pistol for their own use. We are sure, however, that
all those who haveithe best interests of the country at heart prefer that at this
time our whole effort be expended in making our part of the equipment for the
boys who are going to use it "over there."
,L 24 "?7"7'-f""'7'3 . , 'i'4 - K i i
. Colt's 1
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Pafenf Fzre Arms
'WL W! . ---Z' l K 5' 71 ,-'sw
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it , Mfg' CO' eg l -.f
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1. 9 lg 555 ,Haftfm-a,C0nn., U.s.A. Qy"'- - 3
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That is the big dominant note in the success
of the Pioneer Motion Picture Projector
Churches and Schools, Hospitals, Lecturers and Theatres throughout the
world, and over 1,000 installations at the fron.t, speak for the
great worth of this supreme projector
IT SERVES OTHERS, WHY NOT YOU?
NICHGLAS PovvER CoMPANY
P. ?i0neefS Qf P1'0ie..Cfi9 H 90 Gold Street, New York City
BUY WAR SAVINGS STAMPS
FOR ALL THERE ISIN IT-THIS IS OUR WAR
WE MUST WIN IT!
U, 5, 5, SOUTH CAROLINA LEADING 'rw 0 M- U. S. FLEET OF DESTROYERS SHOWING FLAGSHIP
ELECTROSE-equipped 0 DWISI NC FLYING COLORS-ELECTROSE..equipped
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U. S. S. ARIZONA-ELECTROSE-cquipg cd U- S. S. TEXAS-EI-ECTROSE-equirwvfl
' xx, , 4,-
JNSULA-TION A -EE, INSULA TION
I '11 71 RL269aSQAcfzUb!?::Ell5:ElGlxENTRl14Tt-l ' l
. -'fm .u.. . .1 - , .
:QIMM if "N A71 'X ,, fi 1, ,' 'iifalcmnmfovrfuivijlt
'z' if i 1 ll elif f ' lf l:amnl'n:i:::"'zuf
will "MADE IN AMERICA" V4 lxxlff 'fflf'43fff??fg?g2:Hafi,f
' l 0 XX Louis Steinberger's Patents 'WA -,X ' - .1 'ffii'
Medal and Diploma received at Medal mld Diplomil feffiived af
, wands Fair, st. Louis, 1904 lVZQELj,C8L1m2:jn1gi9xy0-
insulators are standard with
A 'gl " . .
7 -..,a.::2L.-T., U. S. NA VY and ARMY and W zreless Telegraph and Telephone Companies
v- If ,. is made in a number of grades for various requirements, each grade possessing
fn- special characteristics,
- .S i INSULATORS-BEST IN THE WORLD FOR HIGH-FREQUENCY CUR-
:CQ - -SE RENTS, POWER and TRANSMISSION CIRCUITS.
- X 4 H - as n on '.
f EEC-EP' SESS? 4' -f 606?i5fF:,f3Q'i:.gig S' BROOKLYN' N' Y'
1 " - ' M - 1 1-za Flint si.
SAN FFJ .ICE CIGARS
FOR GEN TLEMEN OF
U. BKCEN 8: CO., Inc. - New Orleans
A TTEN TI ON MEN!
More Christmas and New Years Cards will be
mailed this year, than ever before. Don't fail
to see our line of Holiday Cards and writing
papers. Other Gifts too.
Southern News and Stationery Company
fNext to Western Union Tel. Officej
GULFPOR T, MISS.
Buy Watermans Fountain Pens---they are the best
uwbkll Good 'fQlIOWS GQ! COQQIDQIU'
Q LADY said to us the other day, " Isn't it remarkable the
number of young men you see eating Ice Cream?"
II But come to think of it, there's nothing so really remarkable
about it. Young fellows know that their lady friends enjoy Ice
Cream more than any other treat, and have themselves come
to recognize that it is the symbol of camaraderie and the pledge
of good-fellowship, and have passed the good word along.
QSO now it is by no means an unusual thing, when good fellows
get together, to see them ordering each his particular flavor, and
doing it all as a matter of course. It is a sign of the times-and
a most hopeful and encouraging sign at that.
fI,Another thing you may have noticed is that nearly everywhere
you go these days the Ice Cream served in the best places is
MAD: BY New ORLEANS lc: CREAM Co.
In fact, Brown's Velvet Ice Cream is deservedly famous as a food
delicacy of supreme quality and delightful flavor. There is no
secret in its excellence-it is due alone to the purity and good-
ness of the ingredients used, which are blended with rare skill
and painstaking care. It is made for particular people by
lI,A1ways call for Brown's Velvet Ice Cream by name-you're
sure then of getting the best Cream made.
New Orleans Ice Cream Company
1326-1332 Baronne Street
N E W O R L E A N S
TO EVERY ATTACHE OF THE GULFPORT NA VAL TRAINING CAMP
N the years to come we hope your memories will not only include incidents of your daily life
at the station here, but that the civilian element of Gulfport which revered you as the strong
arm of a great nation may claim a part: of your thoughts. We in particular are glad we met
you, and hope when you enter civil life you may make heroes of yourselves as you would have
done had you been exposed to the fury and danger of a great battle. Please accept our sincere
assurance that our best wishes will always remain with each and all of you.
HEW, ES BROS. AW, ,N
DEALERS IN Adle61R3hester
Dry Goods, Notions, Clothing, HO mg
Hats, Shoes, Gents Furnishings, Etc.
Stetson Hats A Specialty
GULFPORT - - - MISSISSIPPI
VAN DYKE BEGYIE2
,AMERICA 'S ,ANSWER
i t to
i i Made in 16 Degrees
if 6B CSoftestD 8H thardestl
I Oidest Pencil Factory in America
Books for Man Who are Anxious to Get Ahead
Illarconi Institute Series of War Tex! Books
PRACTICAL AVIATION FOR MILITARY AIR
MEN. By Major J. Andrew White
A text book for intensive study by men preparing
to become military aviators, containing all the
knowledge of fundamentals required prior to actual
flying and air combat.
Each subject is presented by illustration and de-
scribed completely for the reader without turning
the page. .
A broad treatment of subjects never before con-
tained in general aeronautic text books is included,
comprising operation and care of aviation engines,
reconnaissance, map reading, signaling and co-oper-
'ation with military bodies, radio and its uses, ma-
chine gunnery and bombing from airplanes.
Cloth, fully illustrated. Price 31.75, postpaid.
PRACTICAL WIRELESS TELEGRAPI-IY
By Elmer E. Bucher. Cloth, 352 pages. Price,
SIGNAL CORPS MANUAL
By Major J. Andrew White. Cloth, 588 pages.
Price 561.751, postpaid.
By Alfred I N. Goldsmith, Ph.D. Cloth, 256
pages. Price 52.00, postpaid.
Complete Texts by Experts. Up-to-date. 1918
Apparatus and Practice
Furnish all information required to enter Army and
Navy Wireless Service
Arranged t.o enable you to prepare for active
service in the briefest possible time
In use at all Arms and Navy Schools and Camps
VACUUM TUB S IN WIRELESS COMMUNI-
CATION. Bly Elmer E. Bucher. Cloth, fully
illustrated. rice 81.75, postpaid.
HOW TO PASS U. S. GOVERNMENT WIRELESS
LICENSE EXAMINATIONS. By Elmer E. Bu-
cher. 142 questions and answers. Price 500, postpaid.
WIRELESS PRESS, Inc., 29 Elm St., New York Clty
Write for complete catalogue
8 'x,V8.yS ,XV GTC 3.111 111655
HEADQUARTERS U.R S. NAVY
SPECIAL RATES FOR SAILORS
The Hotel Granefwald Caterers
Manufacturers The "Creo!e,Pralz'11e"
THE wHoLEsoMEsT CANDY IN THE WORLD
HBV this Sign Ye Shall Know Themn
P R I NT E R S SGW PR'4'Q,, CATALOG UES xv '
13 I N D E R s RAILROAD T10 KETS
B oo IC M A Ii E R s Q91-ORANQQJQS. TARIFFS. TIME 'ILXBLES
Hurt Cbraugr Idrran
T1-IE BRANDOW PRINTING COMPANY
1XLBAfNY'. N. YH
PRINTERS TO THE GADGET
Jacobs Candy Co.,
NEW ORLEANS : - : LOUISIANA
" Made Last Night "
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