US Marine Corps Recruit Depot - Yearbook (Parris Island, SC)
- Class of 1964
Page 1 of 92
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 92 of the 1964 volume:
Commanding General .,,., , ..,. W
History of Parris Island
New Arrivals ,.,.,Y,,..,,.,,
Processing In .,,.v,
Initial Issue ,.,.,.,,..,, I
Sending Civies Home . ,,., ,
Physical Examination ,,,,,..,,,..
Classification ,,.,,.. , ,,..,.
Equipment Issue ,,,.,
Main Station ...,,
Manual of Arms ..,,,
Physical Training ,,,.,,
The Rifle Creed ,
Rifle Class -. v,,,
Chow ..,,, . ,,,.
Guard Duty ,.,,.
Wash, Press ,,,..,
Mail Call ,,,,.,
Reporting ,,,, ,.
Field Day ,,,,,, I
Gear Layout 7,,., I
Rifle Range ,,i,,,,.,,.. ,
Snapping-In 7,,., ,,,i,, ,,,, .
Target Detail ,.,,,
Record Day , ,r,.,r
Rifle and Pistol Team ,,,,,. ., ,,., .
Cleaning Racks ,,,,,,,
Pistol I ,,,Yt.,,.,,,.,., t
B. A. R. ,,,., .
Mess Duty tfuffr u.,g.fe
Elliot's Beach .......,,..,
60-Day Examination ,,.. s
Final Field .,..VV
Bayonet ,,,. ,.
Judo tu.ttt,..,..,eft. .
Uniform Issue ..,.. ,...ff.
Parades -. ,,.,,.,,,,
Reviews .,...V,...t,.. - ..V.f,,., ...f..f.. -
Platoon Awards .,,,.t, .t...f,.vV.. .
American Spirit Honor M
Blues Award I .....,r..,.,, ..,.. t t
Recruit of the Day ..,,,. ..,....
Religious Life ...,. . .,,,,,
Athletic Field Meet ,.,,.,
Hostess House .,..,,,. ....,..
Headquarters W ,,... ,,
Post Office ..,, , e,,,.., ,, ..,i,.
Post Exchange .,,,, .,,, .
War Memorial Building .
Final Inspection , I ,,
P. X. Purchases
Platoon Picture , ,
Platoon Graduation ,,
Shipping Out , s s
All Rights Reserved ALBERT LOVE ENTERPRISES Atlanta, Georgia
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BRIGADIER GENERAL GEORGE R. E. SHELL
C ornrnanding General, Recruit Training C onznzanaf
RIGADIER GENERAL GEORGE RICHARD EDWIN SHELL,
whose outstanding service as a Marine artillery commander earned
him a Legion of Merit Medal in World War II, assumed duty as Com-
manding General, Recruit Training Command, Parris Island, South
Carolina, on 25 May 1957.
The General commanded the 2nd Battalion, 10th Marines, 2nd Ma-
rine Division, during the Guadalcanal, Tarawa and Saipan campaigns
of World War II. '
Following World War II, General Shell served on the Joint Staff of
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, as a member of the Joint. Strategic Plans
Group, the National Security Council Staff, and Staff Assistant to the
Joint Chiefs of Staff Representative to the National Security Council.
He also served as Staff Planning Officer in the Policy Branch, Plans,
Policy and Operations Division, Supreme Headquarters, Allied Powers,
Prior to assuming command at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris
Island, he served as Commanding General, lst Marine Brigade, Fleet
Marine Force Pacific, in Hawaii.
In addition to the Legion of Merit and the Purple Heart Medal,
General Shell's medals and decorations include the Presidential Unit
Citation Ribbon, American Defense Service Medal with Fleet Clasp,
Asiatic-Pacific Area Campaign Medal with three bronze stars, American
Area Campaign Medal, World War II Victory Medal and National
Defense Service Medal.
General Shell was born October 20, 1908, at Phoebus, Virginia, and
graduated from high school at Hampton, Va., in 1927. He then at-
tended the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington, graduating in 1931
with a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering. He was
appointed a Marine second lieutenant on june 11, 1951. The following
month he entered the Marine ofliceris basic school at the Philadelphia
Navy Yard. '
General Shell is married to the former Alice Cushing, and they have
three children: Elizabeth, Beverly and George.
I, MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT AB. LUCKEY
USMC . 1-
Commanding General, Marine C orpr Recruit Depot
MAJOR GENERAL ROBERT BURNESTONE LUCKEY, who saw action
with Marine Artillery units at Guadalcanal, Cape Gloucester, and Okinawa
in World War II, and is also a veteran of pre-war sea duty and expeditionary
service in Nicaragua and China, assumed duty as Commanding General, Marine
Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island, South Carolina, on 3 July 1957.
During World War II, among other jobs the General served as Regimental
executive ofhcerg of the 11th Marines at Guadalcanal and Cape Gloucester and
as commander of the 15th Marines Cartilleryj at Okinawa, Guam and Tsingtao,
China during the surrender and repatriation of Japanese forces.
Since World War II, the General has served as Division Artillery Officer with
the 2nd Marine Division at Camp Lejeune and commander of the 4th and 10th
Marines. He commanded the Marine Barracks, Washington, D. C., for two years,
then returned to Camp Leieune in july 1951 to serve as Assistant Chief of
Staff, G-3, 2nd Marine Division and later as Chief of Staff. In June 1953 he
became Chief of Staff of the Marine Corps School at Quantico, Va.
In September 1954, General Luckey returned to Camp Leieune where he
served as Commanding General, Force Troops, Fleet Marine Force Atlantic until
june 1955. He then reported at Headquarters Marine Corps, Washington, D. C.,
as Deputy Assistant Chief of Staff, G-3 CPlansJ, and served in that capacity
until june 1956, when he became Deputy Chief of Staff fResearch and Devel-
opmentl. The General was promoted to his present rank November 1, 1956.
In addition to the Legion of Merit and the Bronze Star Medal with Gold Star
in lieu of a second, General Luckey holds the Presidential Unit Citation Ribbon
with two bronze stars, the Navy Unit Citation Ribbong the Second Nicaraguan
Campaign Medal, the China Service Medal, the American Defense Service Medal
with Base claspg the American Area Campaign Medal, the Asiatic-Pacific Area
Campaign Medal with four bronze stars, the Worltl War ll Victory Medal, the
National Defense Service Medalg the Nicaraguan Medal of Merit and the
Chinese Order of the Cloud and Banner.
General Luckey was born july 9, 1905, in Hyattsville, Md., graduated from
the University of Maryland in 1927, and was commissioned a Marine second
lieutenant August 6 of that year. He completed the Basic School for Marine
Corps officers at the Philadelphia Navy Yard in February, 1928.
The General is married to the former Miss Cary Walker of Vineyard Haven,
Mass. They have a daughter, Laura, and two sons, Thomas and William.
f 1. '
P ARRIS ISLAND, home of basic training for today's Marines east of the Mississippi, has
had a long and colorful history. Although the first Marine Corps activity on the island
was in June, 1891, the story of its occupancy by the white man reaches back into anti-
quity for over three centuries.
Located off the South Carolina coast, Parris Island is midway between Charleston, S. C.
and Savannah, Ga., opposite Port Royal, S. C. This flat, sandy piece of land covers an area
of approximately 8400 acres and it's covered with the verdure of the semi-tropics.
Coming of the White Man
The first attempt of the white people to settle within the present bounds of South Caro-
lina took place on Parris Island. Probably the first white man to discover the island was
Velaquez de Ayllon, a Spaniard in search of slaves and gold. De Ayllon landed in 1526,
named the island St. Helena, and claimed it for Spain. Fifty years later the French Hu-
guenots, intent on planting a colony, landed at Parris Island.
Jean Ribaut and his Huguenot friends left France for America on February 18, 1562,
and after a hazardous two months at sea, reached Parris Island, Ribaut built Charles Fort
fArx Carolinaj, named for Charles IX, King of France, on the southeastern itip of the
island. Here he left the 26 men he hoped would form the nucleus of a colony and returned
First Map Drawn
Historians are indebted to one member of this expendition in particular. He was a car-
tographer named Lenoyne, a man of considerable ability, who drew a map of the region.
The map firmly establishes that Charles Fort was located on Parris Island.4In the office of
the present day Commanding General are photographic copies of this ancient map and its
legend in translation.
Charles Fort, long abandoned, was rediscovered in 1663 by William Hilton of Barbados
while exploring the newly chartered province of Carolina.
A title to the island was established in 1700. In the year 1698, the Lords Proprietors of
South Carolina made a grant to Major Robert Daniell in the extent of 48,000 acres. Par-
ris Island was among the lands selected by Major Daniell, and the grant certificate, dated
june 14, 1700 is still preserved.
Property Changes Hands
Before the end of the year in 1700, Port Royal Island, as it was then known, became the
property of Edward Archer. In 1715, the public treasurer of South Carolina, Alexander
Parris, secured title to the island. The present day name of "Parris Island" dates back
to this ownership.
Down through the years Charles Fort became obscured by a dense growth of trees and
underbrush, and the island itself became the site of seven plantations. At one time a row
of slave huts stood near the site of the ancient Fort.
In 1861, during the War Between the States, a fleet of Federal vessels anchored off Port
Royal, bombarded and captured Fort Beauregard and Fort Walker on Bay Point and Hil-
ton Head. Marines and seamen held the Forts and surrounding territory until relieved by
the forces of General Sherman.
In olden days the harbor of Port Royal was used extensively as a shipping point for
foreign and coastwise shipping. It was such a fine natural harbor that the entire United
States Fleet rode at anchor there in 1874.
The Marines landed on June 26, 1891. On that day First Sergeant Richard Donovan,
USMC, and a small detachment of Marines were posted on Parris Island for duty with the
Naval Station. This Marine Corps post rendered outstanding service in preserving life and
property during the hurricane and tidal wave disaster of 1893. The unit was again com-
mended for heroic action during the severe storms of 1898.
. Training School Set Up
The first Marine Corps school started on the island was the Officers school that was
established in 1909. Two years later a small recruit depot was set up, only to be trans-
ferred later to Norfolk, Virginia, and to Charleston, South Carolina. The buildings that
were built for the Marine Corps on Parris Island then reverted to the Navy for use as
Naval Disciplinary Barracks.
The navy turned back the Parris Island facilities to the Marine Corps on November 1,
1915, and the Marine Corps Recruit Depot, then stationed at Norfolk, Virginia, moved
back to the island, Parris Island has remained in the hands of the United States Marine
Corps from that day to the present time.
The Government took over the entire island in 1917, and utilized the facilities to train
our Marines for World War I.
Rediscovering the Old Fort ,
In 1923, the site of old Charles Fort underwent a careful excavation and most of the
stout cedar stockade was found to be still in existence. Such pieces as 5-inch cannon balls
and rusted, handwrought iron spikes were found' to add to the island's ancient Indian relics.
With much of the ancient fort exposed, photographs were taken, and the area carefully
covered over again with sand. Concrete pillars were set to give the corner markers of the
fort and the area converted into an attractive park.
Prior to 1929, all transportation to and from the island was by way of small boats which
operated between the post docks and Port Royal. In that year the Horse Island Bridge and
causeways were completed to end the era of Water transportation. The latter additions of
the Battery Creek Bridge and the out-going side of the Horse Island Bridge have made
for easy access to the island.
During 1929 through 1931 economy was the watchword and expansion was curtailed.
In 1937, however, existing Main Station barracks were torn down for the construction of
the present day brick barracks.
Recruit training on a battalion basis was not introduced until August 1940. With the or-
ganization of the First Battalion on August 6th came in quick succession the formation of
the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Battalions. The intake skyrocketed after Pearl Harbor with 5,272
recruits arriving during that fateful December alone. A record 9,206 arrivals was set in
January assthe 9th and 10th Battalions were added to the 5th, 6th, 7th and 8th Battalions.
As the War influx continued, five of the existing battalions were sent to New River, North
Carolina to train: then the 11th, 12th and 13th Battalions Were activated.
The eventual cutback started in 1944 when the 12th and 13th Battalions were disbanded.
In September, with the intake reduced to 1,556, the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th and 11th Recruit
Battalions were deactivated. Towards the end of 1945, Battalions 5 and 6 were finally dis-
Between 1941 and 1945 a total of 204,509 recruits were trained at Parris Island. At the
time of the Japanese surrender, the island housed 20,000 recruits, the largest number in the
history of the Recruit Depot.
After World War II the depot was staggered by one of history's most rapid demobiliza-
tions. At one time prior to the outbreak in Korea, only two recruit battalions were in op-
In December, 1946, the organization of the Post was revised and the oflicial designation
became Marine Corps Recruit Depot, Parris Island.
Activities on the island began to take a sharp increase in the summer of 1950 when a
large number of reserves reported for active duty along with the recruits. Battalions were
re-established gradually to handle the increase and in February, 1951, the 7th Battalion
was reactivated for the first time since August, 1944.
The 3rd Recruit Training Battalion, which formerly trained women marines, was deac-
tivated as such on 1 May 1945. On 21 September 1955, the first Women Marine Training
Battalion was organized. This is the only female training battalion in existence in the Marine
Recruit Training Command
On 4 May 1956 the Recruit Training Command was organized under the direction of
Brig. General Wallace M. Greene, Jr. This command is under the administrative control of
the Commanding General of the Depot.
ROM their original departing
stations, railway passenger
train service ends for the re-
cruits in nearby Yemassee, S. C.
Here Marines from the Receiv-
ing Barracks meet each train and
take charge of all arriving re-
A short Walk from the train
depot brings the recruit to the
Receiving Station Where he be-
gins his checking in. According
to the time of arrival in Yemas-
see, the recruit may spend the
night in the receiving Barracks
or go directly to Parris Island
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INSIDE Hygienics during initial issue of
clothing, things begin to move rapidly. Each
recruit is fitted with utility shirts, trousers,
caps, "skivvies," socks and field boots. Particu-
lar care is used in fitting the field boots on each
recruit, and great emphasis is placed on care of
the feet. Because the recruit will spend many
hours on the drill field, proper-fitting boots are
a must. p
Neatness being a Marine tradition, all fittings
are made under the watchful eyes of a witness-
ing officer, who insures that all clothing proper-
ly fits the individual.
At the completion of this first uniform issue,
the civilian clothing Worn to the Recruit Depot
by the new recruits is carefully wrapped and
Recruits then go to "PX Issue," where they
receive laundry bags, shaving supplies, hand-
kerchiefs, shoe polish, nail clippers, cigarettes,
tooth brushes, and all other "health and com-
fort" supplies they will need during their first
Weeks at "boot camp."
NEXT on the agenda for the recruits
come the Dental and Medical Ex-
aminations. These examinations, some of
the best physical check-ups given in the
world, help to insure the safety of the
recruit during his twelve weeks of rigid
Teams of Doctors and skilled tech-
nicians go over each man. Recruits are
X-Rayed and inoculated, and a careful
case history obtained for his health
The same meticulous care is given
each recruit when he reaches Dental
Examinationg treatment for proper care
of the teeth begins immediately and
continues until each defect is corrected.
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HE M-1 Rifle, the
Marine's Best Friend,
is an item of separate is-
sue. Each Weapon is
carefully inspected and
its condition noted at
the time of issue. His ri-
fle will accompany him
Wherever he goes in the
Marine Corps, and it
Will be frequently re-
inspected. If any defects
are caused by the Ma-
rine's own neglect or
misuse of his rifle, he
will be held responsible.
Daily rifle inspections at
boot camp teach the re-
cruit his responsibility
for the care of his rifle.
EWILDERMENT creases the face
of the recruit the first time he
gazes on an alien assortment of straps,
buckles and poles laid out for issue to
him. Termed "78'2 Gear" in Marine
vernacular, this equipment is given to
the recruit at the beginning of his in-
struction at Parris Island. Training on
its proper care and use begins in earnest
at the time of issue. The recruit's first
instruction covers the purpose and use
of his "782 Gearv consisting of can-
teen, cup, cover, meat can, knapsack,
haversack, shelter half, tent poles, pegs
and other sundry items. He is taught
to assemble the diferent field packs, be-
ginning with the light marching pack
and ending with the giant, 72-pound
field transport pack, in which is carried
individual bedding, shelter, rations and
extra clothing for extended operations
in the field.
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O use it, you,ve gotta know
how to hold it, so the recruit
learns the Manual of Arms. This
instruction teaches all of the move-
ments and positions using the rifle.
Learning the Manual of Arms is a
challenge to each recruit and is a
very important cycle of his educa-
tion in becoming a Marine.
The recruit's best friend is his
rifle, and the Manual of Arms is
the way he gets to know and be-
come familiar with this "friend."
As this knowledge comes to the re-
cruit, constant practice with the
rifle increases the efficiency of his
individual reflexes and coordina-
tion. Eventually, when commands
are given to a platoon the rifles
will snap into movement blended
as one. Perfection in this field of
training is traditional.
WAN, hup, threep, fo, yo lef'-This is the
heavy chanting cadence of the Drill Instruc-
tors, heard by the recruit from dawn until sunset.
With the cadence ringing in his ears, drill com-
mands begin to overcome confusion. Hands, body,
feet, and mind begin to work as one. Each hour
of instruction helps to mold a perfect pattern of
movement for the recruits, until they function
as a team.
Close order drill is taught to the recruits during
their twelve-week stay at Parris Island. The mili-
tary bearing and personal carriage of boot camp
graduates is convincing evidence of the degree of
perfection obtained in but a few short weeks.
"Column Left, To The Rear, Squads Rightabout,
Forward"-these and hundreds of other commands
are learned by the recruit and put into practice
daily. Many hours are spent in the instruction of
drill because it plays an important role in the life
of a Marine. Learning the commands, and then
executing ithem, sharpens the thinking ability and
alertness of a recruit, which helps him in other
phases of his training.
- . 43 274
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T HIS is my rifle. There are many
like it, but this one is mine. My
rifle is my best friend. It is my life.
I must master it as I master my life.
My rifle, Without me is useless.
Without my rifle, I am useless. I must
fire my rifle true. I must shoot
straighter than my enemy who is try-
ing to kill me. I must shoot him be-
fore he shoots me. I will . . .
My rifle and myself know that
what counts in this war is not the
rounds we iire, the noise of our burst,
nor the smoke we make. We know
that it is the hits that count. We
will hit . . .
My rifle is human, even as I, be-
cause it is my life. Thus, I will learn
it as a brother. I will learn its weak-
nesses, its strength, its parts, its ac-
cessories, its sights, and its barrel. I
will keep my rifle clean and ready,
even as I am clean and ready. We will
become part of each other.
We will . . .
Before.'God I swear this creed. My
rifle and myself are the defenders of
my country. We are the masters of
our enemy. We are the saviors of my
So be it, until victory is America's
and there is no enemy, but Peace!
ARINES have long been
known for their excellent
marksmanship. Therefore in-
struction in the use of the rifle
is exacting and thorough. Re-
cruits are taught the general
characteristics, disassembly, as-
sembly, functioning, care and
cleaning. Instruction is given
using both cut-away models and
the recruit's own rifle, as lec-
tures and individual participa-
Care and cleaning of the
weapon is stressed heavily, since
experience has shown that the
majority of rifles that become
unserviceable do so due to lack
of care and not from firing.
Each man is responsible for the
care and cleaning of his own
Functions of the rifle are also
stressed in order that it may be
kept in proper working order.
A man must automatically
know what to do when his
weapon fails to fire, since a fail-
ure to function in combat could
HOW! The wonderful word that
every recruit knows and loves
to hear. Chow means good, hot food
and plenty of it. The food is prepared
by specialists who are trained to get
the maximum of good food from
their "budget," The raw materials
are best obtainable anywhere, no
"second-grade" food is used, and it is
prepared in a way to make it appetiz-
ing as Well as nutritious.
No recruit leaves the table hun-
gry: if he wants a second helping he
can get it. The menu is planned so as
to change daily and prevent any
monotony in the recruit's diet.
With the terrific amount of energy
used up in the daily exercise that the
recruits get, food, tops in energy and
vitamin content, must be served. Bal-
anced food diets, efficiency in prepar-
ing and serving, insure that the re-
cruits get the. best "chow" found
ROUND the barracks, when recruits are not spe-
cifically on duty, they can be found washing clothes,
ironing, cleaning rifles and gear, shining shoes, and writing
letters home. Time for these and many other activities that
are designed for the living comfort' of the recruit is pro-
vided for in the daily training schedule each evening from
6 PM until taps. .
From 5:30 A.M. until taps at 9:30 PM the recruit stays
busy. During the daylight hours he is occupied with the job
of "Becoming A Marine." Come dark, he can catch up on
other things like doing his wash or writing home. For some,
this time may mean extra instruction on something they did not
fully understand cluring the dayg but whether he takes 21 shower,
reads the hometown newspaper or gets extra instruction, free
time will be spent doing what will best benefit the recruit. After
a busy day, all of them are ready to "Hit the sack," and recruits
are glad to hear taps mark the end of another big day and the beginning
of a full eight-hours of sleep.
CC AIL CALL!!" Recruits eagerly await this
call that brings news from home, friends,
and that "special someone." After evening chow,
mail is picked up from the Battalion Mail Room
by the Drill Instructor and given out to the re-
cruits in their barracks.
Next to Chow, mail call is the most sought-
after activity in the day of a recruit. A letter
from home giving the "Low Down" on the
family and friends can do much to inspire better
performance the next day. Picture the gloom
settling over one bunk that did not get some
Letters from home do much to ease the ten-
sion built up by the Training program and the
physical activities that the recruits undergo.
By the same token, mail call gives the recruit
time to Write letters home telling of his new
experiences and boasting just a little bit of his
new 'prowess found while "Becoming a Marine."
Most of the time the recruits find it best to
answer a letter just after getting one, taking
this opportunity to exchange news and views.
Recruits are urged to write often to their
parents and friends, but no encouragement is
needed when mail call is sounded to get the
recruits to answer promptly.
FTER lights out comes the lonely but im-
portant vigil of the "fire watch." In his
hands rests the safety of his sleeping buddies.
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HEN reporting to any of
his Drill Instructors, or
any other superiors in the Chain
of Command, a recruit is taught
the proper way to report. De-
signed to teach correct Military
Courtesy and the rendering of
respect Where it is due, he learns
this basic formality, making it
easy for him to report to any
superior officers in the future.
While in training, if a recruit
is summoned to appear before
his Drill Instructor within the
instructor's room, before he en-
ters he knocks loudly three
times on the Wall, when he is
given permission to enter, he
steps inside and comes to stiff
attention, saying, "Sir. Pvt.
Jones reporting to the Drill In-
structor as ordered."
He learns by example the
military courtesies Marines must
know and the correct manner of
rendering respect to his superior
oilicers becomes "second nature"
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ECRUITS learn that there
is a definite place for every
item of equipment, and that
everything must be in its place
for inspection. Frequent classes
of instruction in "Gear Layout"
soon teach that there is only one
way to do it-the Marine Corps
Way!! Then when the inspect-
ing oflicer comes along, he will
be able to tell at a glance if any
article is missing and how well
the Marine is maintaining his
equipment so that it is always
in the proper condition to be im-
mediately ready for use.
Gear Layout is important not
only because it teaches the re-
cruit the proper way to assem-
ble the pack or lay it out for
inspection, but also because he
learns an orderly arrangement
for stowing and carrying his
gear while he is on maneuvers,
in combat, or at any other time
when he must move rapidly and
be self-sufficient for a period of
time in the "field."
The equipment displayed in-
cludes the shelter half, poncho,
packs, mess gear, poles and
ropes, toilet articles, under-
clothes, outerclothes, bedding,
shoes, rifle, bayonet, and other
items useful to Marines in com-
bat and in the field.
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minology for "practice," be-
gins with the first day of the
three-Week period spent at the
rifle range and continues until
record day. Rifle coaches be-
lieve in the old saying "practice
makes perfect? The four posi-
tions used by all Marines in fir-
ing the range are uncomfortable
and awkward at irst. By record
day, the three Weeks of daily
"snapping-in" have given the
recruit the techniques and
trained his muscles so that he
assumes the proper positions
quickly and easily. His rifle
seems as much a part of him and
as familiar as his arms and legs
-as though he were "born to
Known by some as "dry-iir-
ing," snapping-in is the greatest
asset in firing a high score. Vari-
ous training aids or devices are
used during the snapping-in pe-
riod to teach -the shooter the
proper method of aiming and
aligning his sights so his bullet
will hit the bull's-eye.
Shooters operate the bolts of
each others rifles While "dry-iir-
ing," to simulate rapid-fire
shooting, to become familiar
with their most stable position,
and to help overcome "Hinch-
ing" or "bucking" the shots.
Proper sling adjustment, trig-
ger squeeze, use of the score
book, safety rules, proper firing
positions, and instructions on
"pulling targets" for other
shooters are also part of the in-
struction during the "snapping-
SNAPPING-IN Marine ter-
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DURING the three Weeks re-
cruits spend at the rifle range
they become very familiar with
the targets used and procedure for
marking and scoring the hits of
shooters. They learn that the "A"
target is used for 200 and 300
yard slow fire, the "B" target for
500 yard slow fire, and the "D"
target for both 200 and 300 yard
Discs denoting 2, 3, 4, or 5 points,
the red flag for "maggies"j for a
miss, and the 3 and 5 inch black
and White spotters are "tools of the
trade" for a target detail when it's
time to "go to the Butts."
' 1- ,V-. i, f"f'w72 ' M02
ECORD Day! That long
awaited day at the rifle
range that determines how well
the recruit has learned to use
his rifle is also the day that will
settle the friendly bets made on
uvvho the best shooter B.H
Record day also causes worry,
thought,and even honemzpray-
er. What type of weather will it
be? Sunny, cloudy, dark, over-
cast, calm, or Worst of all-
windy, which? Climatic condi-
tions have much to do with the
score shooters vvHl achieve on
record day. A recruit must live
With his score, Whatever it is,
good or bad, because record day
can only come once a year-and
he will be proud or regretful of
his score until he requalifies the
As the recruits Watch their
buddies firing, they will make
mental notes on each thing they
have been taught and try to
improve themselves right up to
the thne they squeeze that last
shot. Record day leaves a big
mark on the recruit, and its
excitement will long be remem-
bered. After all, that's Why he's
a Marine: Because that rifle
can't fire itself!
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THE cleaning racks are Where you
will find the platoons of shooters
after the day's firing is over. Realizing
that the majority of rifles which be-
come unserviceable do so from lack of
care and cleaning, recruits make every
eifort to see that their Weapons are well
cared for. The Drill Instructor is there
to remind them. After each period of
firing, platoons march straight to the
cleaning racks, which are long tables
located near the firing range, construc-
ted so as to furnish an adequate place
in Which to disassemble, clean, and re-
assemble the rifles.
ALL Marine recruits, even though
they may not be normally armed
with the .45 caliber pistol, fire a fami-
liarization course with the pistol dur-
ing their three-Week period at the
range. A similar familiarization course,
but not for the record, is also fired with
the .22 caliber pistol. Safety precau-
tions, functioning, care and cleaning
are also part of the instruction on the
This course also makes for keen com-
petition among recruits, as they look
forward to adding a Sharpshooter or
Expert Pistol bar to their Marine Corps
Basic Medal. Only Officers and Master
Sergeants are normally armed with the
.45 caliber pistol, however, men of
lower rank may be armed with it in
the performance of guard, machine
gunner, or other duty where carrying
the rifle would interfere with the per-
formance of their regularly assigned
MESS Duty is more or less a "necessary evil" in the opinion of most Marines. However, all Ma-
rines, at one time or another, have probably "pulled" one or more periods of Mess Duty.
Popularly misconceived as being a minor punishment for some Wrong-doing, mess duty is in
reality an important phase of the normal daily routine of any military organization.
The wisdom of the old saying that "an army travels on its stomach" has been borne out
many times when military units ha.ve been cut oif from their source of food supply and there-
by rendered impotent. In view of this accepted truism, persons serving on mess duty can well
say that they are contributing to the high morale of the unit, as Well as performing an essen-
Mess duty is normally performed by men of the ranks of Private and Private First Class,
With some Corporals assigned as Chief Messmen, to supervise and coordinate the Work of the
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LLIOTT'S Beach March covers a lot of ground, both in walking distance
and Marine training. When recruits are scheduled for this hike, they
can be sure they will have their hands full for one day and night away
from their Company area.
The recruits leave the battalion area and march to the Depot Parade
Ground where they have an inspection of the field equipment that is
used during this extended stay in the field. They lay out all items of
equipment in a prescribed manner, including the Field Transport packs,
entrenching tools, helmets with camouflage covers, rifles, belts, bayonets,
canteens, first aid packets and pouches. After they successfully pass the
inspection, the platoon marches to the Bayonet Course, where each man
in the platoon runs the obstacle course. From the obstacle course the next
"leg,' of the march is to Page Field. Here the recruits are given a fifteen-
minute rest period that enables them to check equipment and inspect their
feet for blisters, administer first aid if needed, and change to dry socks.
The next leg of this hike, over a "jungle trail" from Page Field to
Argonne Park is a Forced March, although there is no maximum time
limit, the shorter the time, the more points the platoon accumulates. From
Argonne Park the platoon goes on to Elliottis Beach, where tents are
pitched-for the night, after chow and mail call, turning in to sleep in a
pup tent ends an exhausting but interesting day.
The return trip Umainside' is made the following day, when preparation
for Final Field is begun.
FFECTIVE use of the bayonet in com-
bat depends about 90 per cent on
sheer aggressiveness. Cold steel on the end
of a rifle brings fear to anyone facing it,
and the sight of an onrushing, determined,
aggressive, yelling Marine has caused many
an enemy to turn tail and run to his
doom. Bayonet training engenders a confi-
dent, aggressive spirit of power and con-
fidence in the individual fighter. Often
firepower alone cannot drive the enemy
from his foxholeg he will remain until he
is driven out in hand-to-hand combat. The
winner of a hand-to-hand struggle is the
one who is most aggressive, rushing in un-
hesitatingly to bowl over his opponents. At
night, when secrecy is essential, the bay-
onet is a weapon of silent surprise.
Recruits learn bayonet training in two
phases: first, they learn how to hold their
rifles, how to balance themselves on their
feet, and how to make that bayonet
"whistle" when it moves. The positions
now used are different frojn old-style
methods and have proved more effective
in combat. The new style is known as
the "Boxer Type" bayonet fighting. Some
of the movements are the SLASH, VER-
TICAL BUTT STROKE, HORIZONTAL
SLASH, HORIZONTAL BUTT STROKE,
and JAB. All of these movements start
from the GUARD position, using an ag-
gressive, ever-advancing fighting style.
When recruits have learned the correct
movements, they pass on to the second
phase, which is actual hand-to-hand com-
bat among themselves using pugil sticks
and protective equipment to avoid injury.
This equipment consists of boxing gloves,
helmets, padded pugil sticks, and "ar-
mored Bikinis." Mixing it up in individual
and team pugil-stick bouts develops the
recruit's speed, balance, timing, and ag-
gressiveness. He learns to "get there
fustest with the mostest" he has in him.
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ISCARDING the1r c1v1l1an
clothmg upon arrlval for
recrult trammg, recru1ts begm
drawlng the1r uniforms Only
dungarees, shoes, socks, and un
derclothes are issued them at
first Nexther khakx, tropxcals,
blues, nor greens are necessary
xmtnally, as all early trammg 1S
done m dungarees Later 1n the
tramlng schedule the platoon
goes to the Clothmg Issue sec
txon and recrults are fitted for
then' other umforms
Khakl, tropxcals, and greens
recru1t want them, Dress Blues
can be purchased All clothmg
IS checked for proper Ht and
any alteratlons requ1red w1ll be
made at no cost to the recruxt
Later 1n the trammg schedule,
thls altered clothmg w1ll be
pxcked up Trad1t1on wxse Ma
rmes are known for thexr neat
ness, and umforms 'ire altered
to fit and Ht perfectly
Q f , . . . .
'A are issued them, and should the
ff ' . '
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HEN the crack Eighth
85 "I" drill team from
Washington, D. C., gives a dem-
onstration on Parris Island, every
recruit can see the beauty of
precision drill and feel the de-
termination within himself to
practice until he can perform
EVIEWS, parades, and other cere-
monies honoring dignitaries, of-
ficials, and individuals become second
nature to Marines, long recognized
as one of the World's smartest mili-
tary organizations, and who are con-
sistently called upon to participate in
Recruits become familiar with pa-
rades and reviews early in their train-
ing, as they are called upon to par-
ticipate in weekly parades on the
post. Instruction on parades, reviews,
guard mounts and other phases is
very thorough, because each recruit
might be called upon many times dur-
ing his enlistment to take part in
On patriotic holidays even the re-
cruit platoon may be given the op-
portunity to participate in parades
and ceremonies sponsored by nearby
cities or veterans' organizations.
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LATOON Proficiency Pennants, or
streamers as they are sometimes
called, are awarded to the platoons who
are outstanding in specific areas of their
training. These pennants are won in
competition with other platoons on both
Battalion and Recruit Training Com-
The platoons are judged on Athletic
Field Meets, Rifle Range Qualification,
60-Day Written Test, Final Strength
Test, and Drill Competition. These pen-
nants are attached to the Guidons of
the winning platoons, and give visible
recognition to the platoon winning the
Within the Battalion, the platoons en-
gage in stiff competition to win the
awards, then each top Battalion platoon
competes with the winning platoon from
other Battalions to capture the Recruit
Training Command pennant. Battalion
Commanders present the Battalion
awards to their platoons, and usually
the Training Command awards are made
by the Commanding General of the Re-
cruit Training Command.
A VERY SPECIAL HONOR, known as the "Blues Award," is presented
to the recruit who shows outstanding qualities during his recruit
training. About one recruit out of every one hundred and fifty that grad-
uate receives this award.
After competing with the other one hundred and fifty, the recruit is
chosen who most nearly attains the characterization of the "Ideal Marine,"
as recommended by his Drill Instructor and adjudged by a panel of oificers
on Outstanding Character, Leadership, Military Bearing, Physical Condi-
tion, Performance of Military Skills, Duties and Marksmanship.
The award is in the form of a check for S33.65'- the purchase price
of a complete set of Dress Blues. This award further carries the honor
of being presented by the Commanding General of the Recruit Training
Command. This award is sponsored by the Leatherneck Marine Corps Mag-
RECRUIT OF THE DAY
ANOTHER HONOR bestowed on outstanding recruits is to
be selected as "Recruit of the Day." Appointed by the Bat-
talion Commander on the basis of neatness, military perform-
ance, and leadership qualities, the recruit accompanies the Com-
manding General of the Recruit Training Command through-
out one full day as his orderly.
The Recruit of the Day Wears a special arm band denoting
this honor. He is considered to be one of the best recruits in
his Battalion, and the honor for selection is rotated among Bat-
talions so that every day there is a f'Recruit of the Day."
, .ll-Q ,.'-
THE AMERICAN SPIRIT HONOR MEDAL is a medallion
offered and provided by the Citizens Committee for the
Army, Navy and Air Force, Inc. of New York, N. Y. The
American Spirit Honor Medal has been accepted by the Depart-
ment of Defense for use as an award to enlisted personnel who,
while undergoing basic training, display outstanding qualities
of leadership best expressing the American Spirit-Honor,
Initiative, Loyalty, and High Example to Comrades in Arms.
This medallion has also been accepted by the Department of
Defense for the promotion of closer ties between the Armed
Services and the Civil Communities of the continental United
States in which the Armed Services establishments are located.
HE Marine Corps recruit leads a busy life. Every hour of his day as a recruit is carefully planned.
He studies and practices an amazing number of subjects. These weeks of Marine training will
change him in many Ways.
It is the intention of the Marine Corps that the Marine recruit become a better man as Well as a dif-
ferent man. This is accomplished through a character education program in which the recruit receives
instruction in moral principles as part of his regular training.
Chaplains greet recruits soon after their arrival at Parris Island. They explain how the recruit may
choose, according to his faith, to receive religious instruction, attend confession, sing in one of the
choirs, become a candidate for baptism or achieve bar mitzvah. The recruit is told how he may arrange
to talk with the chaplain privately when he needs spiritual advice and counsel.
Chaplains of Roman Catholic, Jewish and Protestant faith conduct religious services on Sunday and
during the Week. All recruits are encouraged to attend religious services of their choice. If the Marine
recruit has been brought up in church or synagogue he is assured that he will be given every oppor-
tunity to practice his faith not only at Parris Island but throughout his entire service in the Marine Corps.
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ONTRARY to popular belief, recruit training is not all work and no H T
play. Many different sports and athletics are taught as part of
the regular training schedule. These include baseball, football, basket-
ball, bowling, and many others. Team competition between platoons
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is encouraged. It prevents the physical training program from becoming
a monotonous round of calisthenics. V s
At the Military Field Meets, conducted one afternoon each weekend,
all platoons vie to see which one is the best in the battalions. The V
athletics test the endurance of the individual recruit and also engender
a keen team spirit in the platoon. Enthusiasm runs high and recruits
cheer the other members of their platoon on. Each recruit must par-
ticipate in every sport, so that there are no "spectator sportsmen
Parris Island, like almost all of the other Marine Corps installations,
fields a varsity team in football, baseball, basketball, and softball. The
games are scheduled with the varsity teams from other Marine Corps
bases, other armed forces units, and colleges. Home games are pri-
marily scheduled so that recruit platoons can attend the games without
interruption of or interference in their scheduled training.
When the post band adds its musical support to the game and gives
a marching demonstration during time out, the game is sure to be a
spirited, colorful, and dramatic event which a recruit will long re-
member if he is one of the spectators.
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A HEADQUARTERS POST OFFICE
Recruit Training Command
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WAR MEMORIAL BUILDING
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HEN Final Inspection is scheduled the recruits
and the Drill Instructors will try to "put
their best foot forward,', because this inspection
will determine just how well the platoon and its
individual recruits measure up to the standards
set for Marines.
The inspection may cover any phase of the twelve-
week training cycle on anything that the recruit
has been taught during this period. And the re-
cruits must be capable of performing any partic-
ular movement or command given them by the
Drill Instructor or the inspecting officer. With a
definite list of items to check, including uniforms,
drill, rifle inspection, or the Manual of Arms, the
inspecting team will add or subtract points, de-
pending upon the manner in which the required
skills are performed during the inspection.
After all platoons have been inspected, an espe-
cially worthy platoon which exceeds the required
standard may be designated as an outstanding pla-
toon. This designation is made at the conclusion of
the inspection and the deserving platoon is awarded
a streamer to be placed on the Guidon, as visible
recognition of their achievement.
The Final Inspection is made by an impartial team
of officers, each designated to cover a specific part
of the inspection. They are fair but firm in the
inspection, and their experienced eyes overlook noth-
ing in this most important phase of recruit trainingg
a recruit who failed to pass the inspection could
be set back to undergo further training and not
allowed to graduate until he became proficient
enough to be a Marine.
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HE twelve Weeks of training is over. Today at Graduation, all things per-
taining to Recruit Training have been completed. Today they become full-
fledged Marines, reaping the rewards of the past weeks of intensive training.
Sometimes this goal may have seemed unattainable. But now as they stand at
attention and think back over the trials and hardships they have overcome,
they know why it had to be that way. Today they are Men.
As the Company Commander gives the order "Prepare for Graduation," the
platoon tenses up, chills run up and down their backs, but the platoon func-
tions as one man, and orders are carried out as they have never been before,
sharply, precisely and confidently.
The Battalion Commander, and possibly the Commanding General, is there
to give out the awards and congratulate them. To the Outstanding man in the
platoon goes a certificate signed by the General, to the High Shooter goes
another. Recognition is given to any man who has excelled in leadership during
his training, and medals are presented to the qualified shooters in the platoon.
When your Drill Instructor gets the command to dismiss the platoon, you
know the big day is over, your first step has been completed. You know that
you will leave Parris Island as a United States Marine. For from this day on,
you will always be a Marine, no matter where you go or what you do, for you
have Earned that title.
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FTER twelve weeks of the toughest training anyone ever had fto hear them tell itj the recruits board a bus and "out-
post," With all the tension, rush, and struggle behind them, they prepare to leave for Camp Lejeune for four weeks of
Individual Combat Training and then fifteen days of leave at home.
These Marines are proud of the uniforms they now are entitled to wear, and they look back over the past training as a
demanding, challenging test, successfully met and completed. They also realize that the type of training, filled as it is with
rigorous hours of incessant demands for perfection, was necessary so they would realize just how great is their capacity of
strength, courage, and the ability to learn and then perform what often seemed impossible. They also realize now that the
more they put into training, the more they got out of it.
for freedom's cause during
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M ' ' REC'ITED'in memory of the men
M igjjbf Parris Island who gave their
Wqrld Ware I, this bronze statue,
affectionately nicknamed "Iron
Mike," has been a familiar land-'
liiihaitk toe more than ive hundred
ethtmizsiuidhylviarines whohzive trained
The memorial was ereet-
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15iqm1j:4desh ofe the fallen Maxmes, ggxdg
heeh th9eeMarwee-Corrs? ehehee
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Lt. Col. M. L. Appleton
Form Date: 7 September 1957
Graduation Date: 9 December 1957
MfSgt. J. R. Morrell TfSgt. S. L. Jaeger S!Sgt.
J. B. Jennings
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SfSgt. E. J. Norton Sgt. W. J. Baker Sgt.
J. T. Reberts
JDI JD! JD! JD!
L. Y. Albucher
Thomas P. Amrick
C. C. Anderson
George J. Asselra
Robert W. Banner
Russell E. Boien
Robert M. Broas
S. J. Brown .
W. E. Bryzgornia
W. R. Charlton, Jr.
W. E. Cromer, Jr.
Vincent R. Dcmko
Wiiiord W. Davis
W. R. Depczrfo
Eric F. Erik:-.en
J. A. Foreman
Bobby R. Formby
Bruce J. Forst
L. F. Grcnfhnm, HI
G. I. Greenuwulf
J..-,im E. Gruskos
R. E. Hcmshuw
James K. Hi!!
W. H. Holmquisf
D. A. Hufier
C. E. Keichner
FQ. J. Kirchoff, Jr.
Wcsffei' N. Kifluder
Fisher? B. Pfrsigghf
Vlefsiey U. Kf'aig3Pst
Qmiaeri J. Jffoim'
Wsiifc J. Laird
A. J. Malinosky, Jr.
W. M. Marino, Jr.
Michael B. Martin
Patrick M. McAvay
Walter W. Miller
G. W. Mogilnicki
J. D. Moyer, Jr.
H. E. Murray, Jr.
M. T. Nemetz, Jr.
Donald V. Osborne
Arnold Z. Phillips
James H. Richey
William F. Riddle
William l... Roberts
R. L.. S-avarese
Robert F. Searcy
Clyde L. Shearer
Carl H. Simmons
Roberv J. Smith
Roberi L. Solari
J. W. Sramm, Jr.
Jerry L. Sfamm
Kenneth C. Tollmcm
John M. Tenore
Gary E. Weify
Hurry A. Werner
John M. Willis
Charles B. Wood
C. A. Zimmerman
Roy E. Heogy
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