US Army Training Center - Yearbook (Fort Jackson, SC)

 - Class of 1941

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US Army Training Center - Yearbook (Fort Jackson, SC) online yearbook collection, 1941 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 126 of the 1941 volume:

I I .-l.. . n1,- .....-I.. . THIS COPY UF THE HISTORICAL AND PICTUHIAL II E V IE W IIBTH FIELD AHTILLEHY 50TH INFANTIIY DIVISION of the ARMY UF THE UNITED STATES IS PRESENTED By 1941 Gede THIS CEHTIFIES THAT AS OF THIS DATE IS A MEMBER OF .. A , der? 191 HISTUHIEAL mf PIETIIHIAL REVIEW 3UTH INFANTHY IHVISIUN FORT JACKSON, SOUTH CAROLINA 1941 fig ,f gnf fffr ON W -HEADQUARTERS 'YVXXRTXETH DNXSX OFFXCE oF THE CONNMANDXNG GENERAL Pom Jpxcxaeon. 6. C. iqhl A 5 September, and Men oi the 'Ynirtiet 'n 'Divi sion: TO: The Oiiioere C a 'gear has passed since you e - 'Wat period nas tri-Jen to deveiop eater part o ctive servic 'iou have s Hole. 'L conf The gr were caiied into a en devoted to training. t fighting machine posei ompiiehed. 'iour persona ui' Division. Your work eeping, with the 'oe the fines A lot has been acc ieoted credit on yo ieid has been in K Division. s ref the Y 30th are prep ating to duct na. in Camp and in traditions oi the uncertain. 'Lou ernment may make. to enwrese nw' u have fine 'the future is nds your GOV der , 1 want iient work yo meet any deme- Ixs your Division Cowan personal appreciation for the once done. i 'A owne L, 5. may nefyor nerei , . Gogmanduig. o f21 kg. 1 "' ,QE 2 , D 1, 'fi . , i k,k, 'i HENRY ll. RUSSELL MW G Commanding 30th lntantry Division Major General Russell was born in McDonough, Georgia, on December 27, l889. His education was received in schools of Henry County, where he graduated from the McDonough High School. Later he graduated from the University of Georgia with an A.B. degree in I9I2, and a B.L. degree in l9l4. His military career began with the Cadet Corps at the University of Georgia when he served as a Private, Corporal and Sergeant. On March 29, l?l6, he was appointed Captain of Company A, Jackson Rifles, Second Infantry, Georgia National Guard. He held this assignment until the nineteenth day of June, l9l6, when he was inducted into the Federal service. During I9l6 and I9I7, he served as Captain on the Mexican Border. General Russell served as Captain in the 3lst Division at Macon, Georgia, when he was detailed Provost Marshal of Macon tor ten months in l9l7-I9I8, then going to France with the 3Ist Division in September, I9l8. ln turn, he became Commander of the Headquarters Company, l2lst lntantryg Headquarters Company, 59th Infantry Brigade in l9l8g ll8th Military Police Company with the A. E. F. from December, l9l8, to May, l9l9, and was promoted to Maior and assigned as Provost Marshal, ln- termediate Section, A. E. F., from May to October, I9I9. He was dis- charged from Federal service at Camp Gordon, Atlanta, Georgia, in Oc- tober, I9l9. General Russell was appointed Colonel, Infantry, on May 3I, I9ZI, and was assigned as Commanding Officer of the First Regiment of Georgia Infantry, which he held until January 8, l923. He was promoted to Brigadier General on January 8, l'723, and assigned as Commanding Officer of the 59th lntantr Brigade, 30th Division. Upon resignation of Maior General E. Peyton, General Russell was appointed to fill this vacancy and assigned to command the 30th Division, comprised of troops from North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and Georgia, which division he now commands. BENJAMIN T. WATKINS Colonel Chief of Slaff GENERAL STAFF, 30TH DIVISION C. BLYTHE BOND Lieulenanl Colonel Assislanl Chief of Slaff G-l, Personnel SAMUEL T. WALLACE Lieutenant Colonel Assislanl' G-2 L,nLn . M , RICHARD D. GLEAVES Lieufenanl Colonel Assisfanl Chief of Sfaff G-2, Milifary Intelligence CHARLES R, BLOMME Maior Assislanl G-2 V, S .."e,1g:,2-,-gg W' l- , .,,eg,4.W,,ff,,,S,of k,..,,.5,,,,:,,,, L fyglmsvizl 1 1" ggwfjlz f,, PAUL R. YOUNTS GEORGE E. MALLETT JAMES W. PERKINS Lieulenanf Colonel Lieulenanl' Colonel Maior Asslslanl' Chief of Slaff Assislanl Chief of Sfaff Assislanl G-l G-3, Operations G-4, Supply and Evacualion ERNEST G. SMITH JAMES S. CORBIT CHARLES R. REDMAN Maior Firsl Lieulenanl Caplain Assislanl G-3 Assisfanl' G-3 Assislanl G-4 fy ,A false 5921? vw.: Q, ,. . ,g .Wiz fww -W: ,Q ,A 1-ffl im, E i H V.eflQAf22Q4sas2ffsaiNz'f2::ff1 f f 'ii if 1 3 rw " ffliigfffiififl f i if ' 1- ' H 'if .. s I 7 ,gk '.fk,1fgg5l-3 - ' -- If-J-i'fm1'1 . ., Mff?E12T-1,1':.ijg'52'S sff2f fgi,':wl l' A -ii-is - 31 A , K , , - 'Q ,..:,.a.4w-14 , T fig, ' . it N? 1' ' . - M -, 'nfl' , ,. " , i:LgfE:s V-A 51 - -- ' r' ii" A -gas, .zr-.sw-, f- ,ek LA, E L. K7, S :,.,: ,: , .,L. ,A , Sjgixgf'-TRPA: 7 A f " 1msQ4m'Q'Yef 'A',w7W'?M91:'m,g, f,M"sif,sw 'zi- , W L A ,.--,,, .SPECIAL STAFF, 30TH DIVISION YA. J. SWANN J. FROST WALKER LEWIS D. BLOUNT McCOY O. COPPEDGE DOUGLAS B. ROBINSON Maier Maior Capfain Caplain Second Lieufenanf Adiufanl' General Assisfanf Adiufanl General Assislanf Adiufanl General Assisfanl Adiufanf General Acling Assisfanf Adiufanf General -I I H. L. HOOVER ROY C. DAVIS FRANK D. PINCKNEY WALTER F. PARTIN Lieulenanl Colonel Maior Lieufenanf Colonel Firsf Lieulenanf Chaplain Chaplain Ordnance Officer Assislanf Ordnance Officer ONAN A. HYDRICK FRANK K. BOYD JAMES C. DEMPSEY ELBERT E. FULLER Lieufenanl Colonel Capfain Lieutenant Colonel Captain Judge Advocafe Assisfanf Judge Advocale Inspeclor General Assislanl Inspecfor General I MARION B, FOWLER GEORGE H. FLOWERS JOHN W. BLOUNT HODGE A. NEWELL J. LAWRENCE GANTT Lieufenanf Colonel Second Lieufenanf Capfain Colonel Colonel Finance Officer Assisfanf Finance Officer Morale Officer Surgeon Quarfermasfer SPECIAL TAFF, 30TH DIVISION GRAHAM K. HOBBS GODFREY CHESHIRE Colonel Brigadier General Enqineer Arfillery Officer JOHN C. BLOODWORTH, JR. RAGNAR E. JOHNSON Major Maior Assisfanf Exchange Officer Chemical Officer WILLIAM V. DORSEY Lieufenanf Colonel Signal Officer JAMES P. SUTTON Second Lieufenanf Assisfanf Chemical Officer ,ff . kggfql, ,f . J . : Z' Kg? f .za .-ww .,5.. .- K, A . , Q grv 1,1.g,?, 5. . l6l CARTER L. RHINEHART CARL F. CHAPMAN Headquarfers Commandanf and Exchange Officer Provosf Marshal OLIN W. WATSON JOE B. LINKER Second Lieufenanf Maior Assisfanf Chemical Officer Anfi-Tank Officer I? Maior Maior . if fs be . QTUTH UIVISIUN I SIENIA The insignia shows The leTTer "O" surround- ing The leTTer "l-l," wiTh The Roman numerals XXX inside The cross bar oT The l-l, represenTing The Roman numeral "3O," The leTTers being blue on a red background. This is worn verTically, as The design reads. The "O" and The "l-T" sTand Tor "Old l-liclv l7l ory." The name by which General Andrew Jaclc- son was besT known To his pioneer soldiers and To conTemporary sTaTesmen. General Jaclcson was born near The sTaTe line beTween NorTh and SouTh Carolina, buT Trom early manhood rose To miliTary Tame as a residenT oT Nashville, Ten- nessee. TRELAWNEY E. MARCHANT DON E. SCOTT GODFREY CHESHIRE Brigadier General Brigadier General Brigadier General Commanding 591h lnfanlry Brigade Commanding 60th Infanlry Brigade Commanding 551h Field Arfillery Brigade lllllillll an HEEIME Til EIIMMA IIEHS HARRY O. WITHINGTON Colonel Commanding Il8lh lnfanlry LEWIS C. POPE ROBERT HAROLD BOND JOHN HALL MANNING Colonel Colonel Cqlongl Commanding l2Is1 lnfanfry Commanding lI71h Infantry Commanding l20fh lnfanlry O E81 VM RAY CARLTON REEVES ALBERT WILLIS SHEFTALL B. COLEMAN JAMES LAWRENCE GANTW Colonel Lieulenanf Colonel Colonel Colonel Commanding ll5lh Field Artillery Commanding Il3fh Field Arlillery Commanding ll8fh Field Artillery Commanding l05lh Ouarlermasler Regiment lll lll 3lllH lllllllll l GRAHAM K, HOBBS Colonel Commanding l05lh Engineers E HODGE A. NEWELL Colonel Commanding l05'lh Medical Regimenl l9l CARTER L. RHINEHART Maior Commanding Special Troops - zffi Jigsaws ' S if so T The 2I0-mm. l1owiT1er capfured by The 30Th Division when They broke Through The Hindenburg Line in World War l. The gun was man- uTacTured abouT l9I2. An old Type French 75-mm. gun is shown in foreground. Adfory O! me 307A sibiuidion CreaTed on July IB, I9I7, OT NaTional Guard Troops Trom NorTh Carolina, SouTh Carolina, and Tennessee, The 3OTh Division, UniTed STaTes Army, builT Tor iTselT one OT The TinesT baTTle hisTories OT The FirsT World War. lT was aT BellicourT, France, ThaT The 3OTh Division won undying Tame, Tor There, on SepTemloer 29, I9I8, iT smashed iTs way Through The Tamed "l'lindenburg Line" -a vicTory ThaT hasTened The close oT The war, and did honor To The memory oT Andrew Jackson, whose nick- name, "Old Hickory," The division bears. Troops oT The 3OTh Division were called inTo Federal service on July 25, l9l7, seven days aTTer designaTion as a division, and on AugusT 3, The War DeparTmenT or- dered concenTraTion and organizaTion aT Camp Sevier, Greenville, SouTh Carolina. On AugusT 5 The NaTional Guard oT NorTh Carolina, SouTh Carolina and Tennessee were inducTed inTo Federal service. ConcenTraTion conTinued ThroughouT AugusT. The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade was organized on AugusT 25, and ulTimaTely included The FirsT NorTh Caro- lina and FirsT Tennessee RegimenTs oT Field ArTillery, The FirsT Tennessee lnTanTry, Troop D oT Tennessee Cavalry and deTachmenTs oT The FirsT NorTh Carolina and Second Tennessee RegimenTs oT lnTanTry. Major General John F. Morrison assumed command OT The Division on AugusT 28. The 3OTh Division was reorganized in accordance wiTh The Tables oT OrganizaTion oT AugusT 8, l9l7, on Sep- Tember I2. The lnTanTry Brigades were organized and ulTimaTely included: The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade, The Third Tennessee and The FirsT SouTh Carolina RegimenTs of lnTanTry, and deTachmenTs oT The FirsT NorTh Carolina and Second SouTh Carolina RegimenTs of lnTanTry, and oT The Tennessee Cavalry: The 6OTh lnTanTry Brigade, The Second and Third NorTh Carolina RegimenTs oT lnTanTry, and deTachmenTs oT The FirsT NorTh Carolina, and Sec- ond Tennessee RegimenTs oT lnTanTry and oT NorTh Caro- lina Cavalry. The division underwenT a Term OT sysTem- aTic Training Trom SepTember I7 unTil April 30, and dur- ing OcTober selecTive service men Trorn Camps Gordon, Jackson and Pike compleTed The division. THE START TOWARD FRANCE The Division l'leadquarTers and The lnTanTry organiza- Tions leTT Camp Sevier on May I, wiTh The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade, en rouTe To Camp Mills, and The 6OTh lnTanTry Brigade en rouTe To Camp MerriTT. The advance deTachmenTs sailed on May 7, and landed in England on May I4: while Division T-le-adquarTers and The lnTanTry sailed Trom New York and Hoboken May II-I9, and arrived in England May 23-June 5. On May I8 The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade leTT Camp Sevier en rouTe To Camp Mills, and Trorn May 27 unTil June I2, The ArTillery and Divisional Troops and Trains sailed Trom New York and Hoboken, arriving in England beTween June 8 and 25. ATTer a brieT sTay in resT camps, The lnTanTry leTT England Tor Calais and The ArTillery Tor Le I-lavre. France. FINAL TRAINING AND OPERATIONS ComponenT parTs OT The division Tlowed rapidly inTo France, and Trom May 27 unTil fXugusT I8 Took Training wiTh The BriTish in Picardy and Flanders. BeTween May 27 and June I7, The 3OTh Division lless The ArTilleryl, The lO5Th Supply Train and The lO5Th SaniTary Train, arrived in The Recgues Training Area beTween Calais and ST. Omer, where iT was aTTiliaTed wiTh The BriTish 39Th Divie sion Tor Training. The division was under conTrOl OT The Second Corps, May 24-SepTernloer 24. The 55Th Field fXrTillery Brigade and The lO5Th AmmuniTion Train reached Le Havre, June I3-2l, and wenT inTO Training aT The ArTillery School aT Camp CoeTquidan, where They remained unTil AugusT 20. They were Tollowed by The IO5Th Supply and SaniTary Trains, which arrived in Calais and Cherbourg, respecTively, and Took Training aT The I7Th lFays-BilloTl Training Area. The division, less deTachmenTs, moved inTo The area wesT OT Poperinghe, Belgium, on July 2, and was Tollowed eighT days IaTer by The Engineers and The Machine Gun Troops. The division received iTs TirsT TasTe OT war on July 9, when, wiTh The 27Th Division, iT was assigned To The organizaTion and deTense OT The EasT Poperinghe Line, a Third deTensive posiTion in The Dickebusch Lake and Scherpenberg SecTors. Full respOnsiIOiliTy Tor The EasT Poperinghe Trench sysTem was assumed by The division on July I I. FLANDERS ATTiliaTed wiTh The BriTish, The division reached The TrOnT lines Tor Training on July Io, and remained unTil AugusT l8. AcTual Training was carried on unTil AugusT Qi The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade was aTTiliaTed wiTh The BriTish 49Th Division: The 6OTh lnTanTry Brigade wiTh The BriTish 33rd Division: while The Machine Gun and lnTan- Try uniTs served by baTTalions and oTher divisional Troops by deTachmenTs. ATTer a brieT reTurn To The rear Tor TurTher Training, The division relieved The BriTish 33rd Division in The TronT line OT The Canal SecTor Trom The viciniTy OT Elzenwalle To The railroad souTheasT OT TransporT Fme, on The nighTs OT fXugusT I6 and I7. On AugusT I8 The division as- sumed command, wiTh The BriTish SixTh Division To iTs righT. On The nexT day The Canal SecTor occupaTion was merged inTo The Ypres-Lys OperaTion. YPRES-LYS From AugusT I9 unTil SepTember 4 The division, less ArTillery and lO5Th AmmuniTion Train, Took parT in The Ypres-Lys OperaTion. The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade and The lO5Th AmmuniTion Train parTicipaTed in The occupaTion OT The Lucey SecTor wiTh The 89Th Division, AugusT 26-SepTember II. Rumors OT a German wiTh- drawal OT Troops was invesTigaTed on AugusT 3l by com- baT paTrols OT The division. The nexT day, wiTh The oOTh lnTanTry Brigade leading, The division capTured MOaTed Grange, Voormezeele, Lock No. 8, and LankhoT Fme, and occupied a line connecTing These lOcaliTies wiTh The original TrOnT aT Gunners' Lodge. The 27Th Division served To The righT7 The BriTish l4Th Division To The leTT. On The nighTs OT SepTember 3, SepTember 4, and Sep- Tember 5, The division was relieved by The BriTish 35Th Division, and on SepTember 4, The command passed. The division concenTraTed near Proven on SepTember 5 and 6, and moved inTO The ST. Pol Area. in The zone OT The BriTish FirsT Army, on SepTember 7, Tor Training. Meanwhile, on SepTember I2-IS, The 5STh Field ArTilA lery Brigade and The lO5Th AmmuniTion Train supporTed The 89Th Division in The ST. Mihiel OperaTion. On Sepf Tember IS, These uniTs were deTached Trom The B9Th Division and ordered To The V Corps To suppOrT The 37Th Division in The AvOcOurT SecTor. The 37Th, along wiTh The Two 3OTh Division uniTs, occupied The fXvOcourT Secf Tor On SepTember 2325. THE SOMME OFFENSIVE The 3OTh Division, less ArTillery, and The lO5Th Ammu- niTion Train parTicipaTed in The Somme OTTensive Operaf Tion SepTember 22-0cTober I. Cn The nighTs OT Sepf Tember 2l, 22, 23 and 24, The division moved To The TincourT-Boucly lBriTish FourTh Armyl Area, where The Second Corps was aTTiliaTed wiTh The AusTralian FirsT Division, easT OT VillereT and lTlargicOurT Trom 300 meTers easT OT Buisson-Gaulaine Fme, Through La I-TauTe Bruyere, la Terrasse Trench, Bois des Tuyas, Boyau du Chevreau, To MalakOTT Fme. The S9Th lnTanTry Brigade occupied The Torward area. Command passed To The 3OTh Di- vision on SepTember 24. SergeanT Homer L. Lane of The II5Th Field ArTiIIery, on Tennessee maneuvers wiTh The 3OTh Division, hears "Uncle Polk" Sagely, ConTederaTe veTeran of The FourTh Tennessee VolunTeers, declare ThaT The modern 37-mm. enTi-Tank guns "couIdn'T hurT a TIea." According To The old soldier, cannons, in his day, were Three Times as large. The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade and The I05Th Ammu- niTion Train, meanwhile, parTicipaTed in The Ivleuse-An gonne OperaTion. supporTing The 37Th and 32nd Divisions Trorn SepTember 26 To OcTober 8. On SepTember 26-27, The 30Th Division aTTacked Trom a line OT deparTure beTween 300 and 400 meTers easT oT The line beTween La I'IauTe Bruyere and IvIalakoTT Fme: wiTh The BriTish 46Th Division on The righT, and The 27Th Division on The leTT. On The nighT oT SepTember 27 and 28, The 6OTh InTanTry Brigade relieved The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade. HINDENBURG LINE IS SMASHED SepTember 29, I9I8, broughT one OT The mosT impor- TanT vicTories oT The World War I, Tor on ThaT daTe The 30Th Division baTTered iTs way Through The Flindenburg Line, one of The mosT Tormidable baTTle lines known To hisTory. ImmediaTeIy aTTer The peneTraTion, The division crossed The canal and capTured BelIicourT, Then enTered Nauroy. The AusTralian FiTTh Division moved up To pass Through The 30Th, and boTh divisions advanced To esTablish a TronT Trom The inTersecTion oT WaTTling STreeT road and canal, easT and norTheasT To Bois du CabareT, 800 meTers norTheasT oT The Boise de IvIalakoTT. The nexT day The command passed To The AusTralian FiTTh Division, buT uniTs oT The 30Th which were in line parTicipaTed unTil noon. During iTs advance oT 20 miles, The division capTured 98 oTTicers, 3,750 enlisTed men, 72 pieces OT arTillery, 26 Trench morTars and 426 machine guns. IT suTTered 8,4l5 casualTies. On OcTober I and 2 The division moved To The Heroe- courT and Ivlesnil-BrunTel Areas, and on The TiTTh, The Il Corps prepared To relieve The AusTralian Troops in The TronT line. ReTurning To The TronT, The 59Th InTanTry Brigade moved To Nauroy: The 6OTh InTanTry Brigade and oTher uniTs moved To The TincourT-Boucly Area. On The nighT oT OcTober 5 and 6 The 59Th InTanTry Brigade relieved The AusTralian Second Division Trom lvIonTbrehain To Beaurevoir, and on The sixTh, The 6OTh InTanTry Brigade Took posiTion in supporT near I'IargicourT and BellicourT. The nexT day The 59Th InTanTry Brigade aTTacked To realign The TronT. The division on OcTober 8, assisTed by Tanks, The 59Th InTanTry Brigade and one baTTaIion Trom The 6OTh In- TanTry Brigade, leading, aTTacked norTheasT, and cap- Tured BrancourT-le-Grand and PremonT, and reached a line Trom The Fme de Ia PieTe To The easTern ouTskirTs oT PremonT: BriTish SixTh Division served on The righT, while BriTish 25Th Division was on The leTT. The 6OTh InTanTry Brigade passed Through The 59Th on OcTober 9, and capTured Busigny and Becquigny. The nexT day The division TronT exTended along The wesTern ouTskirTs oT Vaux-Andigny, Through La I-Iaie-Ivlenneresse, and ST. SoupIeT, To ST. Benin. APPROACHING THE END The 55Th Field ArTillery and The I05Th AmmuniTion Train parTicipaTed, beTween OcTober II and November II, in The occupaTion oT The Troyon SecTor, supporTing The 79Th and 33rd Divisions. On OcTober II, The division occupied Vaux-Andigny, La I-Iaie-Ivlenneresse, and reached The norThwesTern ouT- skirTs oT ST. MarTin-Riviere: iTs TronT exTending norTh along The wesT bank of The La Selle River To ST. Benin. IT was relieved during The nighT OT OcTober II and I2 by The 27Th Division, and resTed near PremonT, Bran- courT-le-Grand, and IvIonTbrehain. Command passed on OcToIoer I2. The 30Th Division reTurned To The line on The nighT oT T121 OcTober I5 and I6, The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade relieving The 54Th lnTanTry Brigade l27Th Divisionl, in The righT secTor of The II Corps Trom Vaux-Andigny To one-haIT kilomeTer wesT oT ST. IvIarTin-Riviere: BriTish SixTh Division on The righT, 27Th Division on The leTT. On OcTober I7, The division aTTacked norTheasT, crossing The La Selle River, capTured lvlolain and esTablished a line Trom Three-quarTers kilomeTer norTh oT La Demi-Lieue To l'Arbre-de-Guise. The nexT day Ribeauville was occu- pied. The TronT exTended Trom ReieT-de-Beaulieu To Three-guarTers kilomeTer souTheasT oT la Jonquiere Fme, on OcTober I9. The 30Th Division was relieved by The BriTish FirsT Di- vision on The nighT oT OcTober I9 and 20, and moved, OcTober 20-23 To The viciniTy oT TincourT-Boucly and Roisel. The division moved To Querrieu Area on Oc- Tober 23, Tor rehabiliTaTion and Training. OFFICERS IN BATTLE COMMAND The Tollowing oTTicers were in command during The 30Th Division baTTle period in France and Belgium: Major General Edward lvl. Lewis, Division Commander: Brigadier General Lawrence D. Tyson, 59Th InTanTry Brigade: Brigadier General Samson L. Faison, 60Th In- TanTry Brigade: Brigadier Generals George G. GaTIy, Jas. A. ShipTon and Jno. KilbreTh, Jr., 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade: Colonel I-larry S. Berry, II5Th Field ArTillery: Colonel Luke Lea, II4Th Field ArTillery: Colonel AlberT L. Cox, Il3Th Field ArTillery: Colonel John K. Herr, ChieT oT STaTT: Colonel I-Iarley B. Ferguson, IO5Th Engi- neers: C.olonel Cary F. Spence, II7Th InTanTry: Colonel PeTer F. McCully, II8Th InTanTry: Colonel John van B. lvIeTTs, II9Th InTanTry, and Colonel Sidney W. Minor, l20Th lnTanTry. LieuTenanT Colonel S. T. Wallace measures The caliber of capTured German gun. Maior General Russell greeTs SecreTary of War STimson on The SecreTary's visiT To ForT Jackson, February 25, I94I. POST-ARMISTICE ACTIVITIES The division, less ArTiIlery, moved To The American EmbarIcaTion CenTer, Le Mans, on November I9. On December 6, The 55Th Field ArTiIIery Brigade and The IO5Th AmmuniTion Train, aTTached To The 33rd Division, moved To Ivlersch, Luxembourg, buT on January 20, They reverTed To The conTroI of The 3OTh Division. Cn Feb- ruary I8, The IO5Th Trench lvIorTar BaTTery sailed Trorn BresT Tor The UniTed STaTes. The division moved To ST. Nazaire on Ivlarch 4, and on March 6 The II3Th Field ArTiIIery sailed, and oTher uniTs Tollowed in rapid succession. Division Headquar- Ters deparTed Tor The UniTed STaTes on March I7, and on April I8, The lasT eIemenTs arrived aT CharIesTon, SouTh Carolina. The demobiIizaTion included: AT ForT OgIeThorpe, April IO, I-leadguarTers 55Th Field ArTiIIery Il3I Brigade, April I2, I-IeadquarTers, 59Th lnTanTry Brigade: aT Camp Jaclcson, April I9, I-IeadquarTers oT The 6OTh Brigade, Ivlay 7, Division I-IeadquarTers. SERIES OF CITATIONS WiTh The excepTion oT Three days, OcTober I2, I3, and I4, when IT was in reserve, The division aTTacIced every day Trom OcTober 8 To OcTober I9, inclusive, de- TeaTing The enemy and making maTeriaI gains. The di- vision lines were advanced Trom IvIonTbrehain To be ond Ivlazinghien, a disTance oT more Than I3 miles. ana! The Towns OT BrancourT, PremonT, Busigny, Vaux-Andigny, EscauTorT, ST. Benin, ST. SoupIeT, Ribeauville and Maz- inghien, as well as many villages and Tarms, were Talcen. Prized in The archives OT The 3OTh Division is The cor- respondence Tollowing World War I: I bmi kim! Qffkzlcw Leif: General George C. Mar- shall, Chief of S-iaff, U. S. A., and Maier General William E. Shecld, Commanding l Corps. Below: Lieukenanl Gen- l Hu h A Drum Com- era g . , rnanding Firsi Army. I-leadguarfers 3OTh Division, A. E. F. France, OcTober I, I9I8. General Orders No. 33. I. The Division Commander wishes To congraTulaTe The 3OTh Division upon The success oT iTs firsT divisional acfion, and To express appreciaTion of iTs firsT divisional acTion, and To express appreciafion oT The courage, forTi- Tude and devoTion played by iTs personnel. 2. To be given The Task, in The iniTial eTforT, To play an imporTanT role in breaking Through The I-Iindenburg Line, The sTrongesT defenses on The WesTern FronT, was a greaT honor, and The facT ThaT The break-Through was acTually made on The division fronf is ample evidence ThaT The honor was nof misplaced, and is a crediT To The fighTing efficiency oT The division, The command of which The undersigned has every reason To be proud. 3. The division reTires Temporarily for reorganizaTion and a well-earned resT, buT wiTh a feeling of saTisfacTion aT a Task well done and wiTh augmenTed faiTh in iTseIf. 4. There is deep and keen regreT for The gallanT com- rades who have gloriously died, and an earnesT inTenTion of furTher perfecTion as a combaT organizaTion in order ThaT The division may do To The fullesT exTenT possible iTs share in bringing abouT early success of The greaT cause in which They have fallen. 5. This order will be read To every organizaTion aT iTs firsT formaTion and be posTed on bullefin boards. E. M. LEWIS, Ivlaior General, Commanding. AUSTRALIAN CORPS 0cTober 2, I9l8. My dear General: As The II American Corps has now been wiThdrawn from The line, and my official associafion wiTh you and your Troops has been, for The Time being, suspended, I desire To express To you The greaT pleasure iT has been To me and To The Troops of The Ausfralian Army Corps To have been so closely allied To you in The recenf very imporTanT baTTle operaTions which have resulfed in The breaking Through of The main I-lindenburg Line on The fronT oT The I:ourTh BriTish Army. Now ThaT The fuller deTails of The work done by The 27Th and 3OTh American Divisions have become avail- able, The splendid gallanfry and devoTion of The Troops in These operaTions have won The admiraTion oT Their AusTralian comrades. The Tasks seT were formidable, buT The American Troops overcame all obsTacles and conTribuTed in a very high degree To The uITimaTe cap- Ture of The whole Tunnel sysTem. I shall be glad if you will convey To your Division Come manders my appreciaTion of and Thanks for The work done, and To accepT my besT wishes for every possible success in The fufure. JOI-IN IvlONASl'l, Commander, AusTralian Corps, I:ourTh BriTish Army. Presidenf RooseveIT, on his visiT To ForT Jackson April I, inspecTs Troops of The 30Th Division. Reading from IefT To righT, are: Maior General Russell, Commanding Officer 30Th Division: PresicIenT Roosevelh Governor of SouTh Carolina Maybanlrsg and General Shedd, Commanding Officer of FirsT Army Corps. F,,.Q.-is' ,wmvf Y .M ,,.,f ,ae .wwf .mwnfnpwlv-A 3 'UQFK W- 3245 "YW-' l ,, :4 , 3? . S 'WEYQ' FOURTH BRITISH ARMY Ocfober 9, I9I8. To: Major General G. W. Read, Commanding II Army Corps. On This occasion on which The II American Corps has Taken parT in baTTle on iTs own, I desire To convey To you and all members of your sTaff as well as To all oTher ranlcs of The 3OTh Division my hearTy congrafulafions on your vicTory Today. The gaIlanTry of your infanfry and The precision wiTh which all sTaff arrangemenTs have worlced have filled me wiTh admiraTion and iT has given me pleasure To reporf your unqualified success To Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig- HENRY RAWLINSON, General, Commanding FourTh BriTish Army. HEADQUARTERS 30TH DIVISION. A. E. F. France, Ocfober 20, l9I8. General Orders No. 38: I. The 3OTh Division again reTires for resT and reorgan- izaTion afTer adding anoTher chapTer To iTs already glori- ous record. 2. WiTh The excepTion of Three days-Ocfober I2, I3 and I4-when iT was in reserve, The division aTTaclced every day from Ocfober 5 To OcTober I9, inclusive, de- feaTing The enemy and making maTeriaI gains each day. During The period, The lines were advanced by The di- vision from MonTbrehain To beyond Mazinghien, a dis- Tance of more Than I3 miles, and The Towns of Brancourf, Premonf, Busigny, Vaux-Andigny, EscaufourT, ST. Benin, ST. Souplef, Ribeauville and Mazinghien, as well as many villages and farms, were Talcen. 3. During This period, 45 officers and I,8S9- ofher ranlcs were Talcen prisoners and nearly 40 cannons, a large number of machine guns and an immense amounf of sTores of all Icind were capfured by The division. 4. The slcill, courage, forTiTude and endurance dis- played by The division have won The admiraTion of all and The commendaTion of high commanders. 5. Holding in affecTionaTe memory The comrades who have fallen, jusTIy proud of iTs glorious achievemenTs already accomplished, The division will devoTe iTselT un- Tiringly To reorganizaTion and rehabiIiTaTion in The con- fidence ThaT when again called upon iT will, as in The pasT, be found equal To any Taslc ThaT may be assigned T0 iT. E. M. LEWIS, Major General Commanding. In addiTion To ofher ciTaTions and cherished records of The 3OTh Division is This from Sir Douglas Haig: November I6, I9I8. Commanding General, II American Corps: Now ThaT The II American Corps is leaving The Brifish Zone, I wish once more To Thanlc you and all ofTicers, non- commissioned officers and men under your command, on behalf bofh of myself and all ranks of The BriTish Armies in France and Flanders, for The very gallanf and efficienT service you have rendered during The period of your operaTions wiTh The FourTh BriTish Army. On The TwenTy-ninTh of Sepfember, you Toolc parT wiTh disTincTion in The greaT and criTical aTTacIc which shaf- Tered The enemy's resisfance in The Hindenburg Line and opened The road To final vicTory. The deeds of The 27Th and 3OTh American Divisions who on ThaT day Toolc Belli- courT and Nauroy and so gaIIanTly susfained The des- perafe sTruggle for Bony, will ranlc wiTh The highesf achievemenTs of This war. They will always be remem- bered by The BriTish regimenTs ThaT Toughf beside you. Since ThaT daTe. Through Three weelcs of almosT con- T171 Tinuous fighfing, you advanced from one success To an- oTher, overcoming all resisTance, beaTing off numerous counTer-aTTacIcs, and capTuring several Thousand prisoners and many guns. The names of Brancourf, Premonf, Busigny, Vaux-Andigny, ST. SoupleT and Mazinghein Tes- Tify To The dash and energy of your aTTacIcs. I rejoice aT The success which has aTTended your efforfs and I am proud To have had you under my command. D. I'IAIG, Field Marshal. ORGANIZATION OF THE 30TH DIVISION AFTER THE WORLD WAR As a parT oT The general plan To form The NaTional Guard inTo TacTicaI divisions and brigades following The World War, uniTs of The NaTional Guard in Georgia, NorTh Carolina, SouTh Carolina, and Tennessee were as- signed To The 3OTh Division. The uniTs of The division aT The Time of iTs reorganiza- Tion were The same as Today. General E. J. Williams, who formerly had been The Execufive Officer in The NaTional Guard Bureau, was designaTed by The War DeparTmenT as Senior lnsTrucTor of The 3OTh Division, and was also made The Division Com- mander by The AdjuTanTs General of The inTeresTed sTaTes in I926. I-Ie served as Division Commander for a period of Two years and was succeeded by General E. G. PeyTon, also of The Regular Army, who commanded The division for four years. During The Time ThaT The division was commanded by Generals Williams and Pey- Ton The 55Th Field Arfillery Brigade was commanded by Brigadier General RoberT J. Travis of Savannah, Georgia, The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade was commanded by Brigadier General Henry D. Russell of Macon, Georgia, The 6OTh InfanTry Brigade was commanded by Brigadier General J. Van B. MeTTs of Raleigh, NorTh Carolina. In I932 Brigadier General I-Ienry D. Russell was se- lecTed by The AdjuTanTs General To command The 3OTh Division and was succeeded in command of The 59Th Brigade by General Trelawney E. MarchanT of Columbia, SouTh Carolina. Upon The resignafion of Brigadier General J. Van B. MeTTs, Colonel Donnell E. ScoTT was promoTed To The grade of Brigadier General and assigned To The com- mand of The 6O+h InfanTry Brigade. Brigadier General RoberT J. Travis reTired January, I94I, and was suc- ceeded by Colonel Godfrey Cheshire who was promofed To The grade of Brigadier General. Since iTs reorganizaTion The division has parTicipaTed in maneuvers, as a division, on Three diTferenT occasions, in Mississippi, I938: in Louisiana, I94O: and in The recenT Second Army Maneuvers in Tennessee. IT was mobilized aT ForT Jaclcson, SouTh Carolina, beginning on SepTember I6, I94O, and has been undergoing inTensive Training aT ForT Jaclcson since ThaT daTe. IT was selecTed as one of The four NaTional Guard divisions for This early Training. The 3OTh Division has been acTive since iTs reorganiza- Tion in I926 and is now composed of The following uniTs: 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade: I I3Th Field ArTiIlery Regi- menT, NorTh Carolina: II5Th Field ArTiIIery RegimenT, Tennessee: I I8Th Field Arfillery RegimenT, Georgia. 59Th InfanTry Brigade: II8Th InfanTry RegimenT, SouTh Carolina: I2IsT InfanTry RegimenT, Georgia. 6OTh InfanTry Brigade: II7Th InfanTry RegimenT, Ten- nessee: I2OTh InfanTry RegimenT, NorTh Carolina. lO5Th Engineer RegimenT, NorTh Carolina: IO5Th Medical RegimenT, NorTh Carolina: IO5Th Quarfermasfer RegimenT, Tennessee, NorTh Carolina and SouTh Car- olina: 3OTh Division Special Troops, Georgia, NorTh Carolina and Tennessee. x 3' , 24 .q 32' Uh or F l I "1-1 V, ' AX I I IIL I I COLONEL BENJAMIN T. WATKINS, CHIEF OF STAFF MAJOR GENERAL RUSSELL ,..-'V M' Lieulenanf Colonel Blyflme Bond, G-I, and Maier James W. Lieulenanl Colonel Richard D, Gleaves, G-2. and Major Charles Perkins, AssIs'ran+ G-I. R. Blomme, Assisianf G-2. Lieufenanl' Colonel Paul R. Younls, G-3, rlghf, and Major Ernesl Smi+h, ASsiS+an+ G-3. lefl. Lieufenanl Colonel George E. Mallelf, G-4. I 1 Mx. Q-its 5, A Kari' ..,.............---- MAJOR A. J. SWANN, ADJUTANT GENERAL nk Lieufenanf Colonel Franl: D. Pinclrney, Division Ordnance Secfion. Lieufenanf Colonel James C, Dempsey, lnspecfor General. Lieufenanf Colonel Marion B, Fowler, Finance Secfion. Capfain J. W. Blounf, Morale Officer, and Second Lieufenanf O, L. Williams, Afhlefic Officer. Major Ragnar E. Johnson, Chemical Warfare Secfion, and Lieu- fenanfs J, P. SuHon and O. W, Wafson. al' gadier General Cheshire, Arfillery Officer, ancl Lieufenanf Colonel Hoover, Chaplain. ..-Q 65.4 TANK HILL LOOKING UP JACKSON BOULEVARD NEAR THE THIRTIETH DIVISION U-SHAPED HEADQUARTERS BUILDINGS W-w-.. X I , ' : 4 v M .... :,-2 ' .... ,g f WN f uw, , ' Jim - I, H ,, - , -f V, .RI Y W -W si' az ppl, K ,A if Q .,W. Y p if i ,ui .L K' '1g'iQgXY1h, 5, ,b We W W, I 12 ,kg Above, a mosaic presenfs Fori Jackson as if can aw' Sims-af W be seen foday from fhe air. The fraining cenfer for 4l,0O0 men, For? Jackson has become wiihin a year ine sixih largesf +roop concenfrafion in fhe Unifed S+afes. Genes romz arf ac C5022 THE PLAY GROUND OF FORT of-W .df '-'WM JACKSON. ooznen LAKE ZU!ame1f!ze302f!z pfaqfi ancf .fllued 1 4-N., fa- - Y W, . gg, - Q- , 0,1 +,., - , 1 .ww ww V -wax 42 .4-WA, A ,. Nw' ,Q ' Q .I .4 -44, 4 Y A -, A X ,ilu 'iq I 3, A ... ,XM ,3,,,V5h AHJ. X ' "Wifi, ,hgh i ll .. 4. i 3 u y. W. VV Q if L. -, A ,N - .,. .N , K I Y.. N fb -HLA ,gh .W ,Q 4 4' Q1 ji ww' If 30TH DIVISION POST OFFICE Above, ihe Dusf Bowl Training Field and fhe 30I'I1 Division Camp Area THE WAREHOUSE SECTION AS SEEN FROM EAST ROAD ai' 'A' Top row, lef+ fo righfz The officers' pool and officers' quariers. Boffom row, leff fo righf, ihe Division Signal School Building, Pos? Exchange. THE COMMANDING GENERAL'S QUARTERS 'lr V , 1 1 s . jfwlr- Ar ?f -J' ,, 'I THT NHTIUNHI ISHHHH G? GOWLPOIZZIZE of THE ARMY Of THE UNITED STATES FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT The President of the United States Commander-in-Chief THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES The Constitution gives to Congress the power to raise and support armies and designates the President as Commander in Chief. By the National Defense Act of June 3, 1916, as later amended by other laws, Con- gress constituted the Army of the United States in six components: the Regular Army, the National Guard of the United States, the National Guard while in the service of the United States, the Officers' Reserve Corps, the Organized Reserves, and the enlisted Reserve Corps. For simplicity only three components-the Regular Army, the National Guard, and the Organized Reserves -will be generally referred to in this book. CONGRESS AND THE ARMY Congress, under the Constitution, has the power to "raise and support armies" for the defense of our coun- try. Thus Congress determines the size of the Army EIIT and each of its three components, including the National Guard, and appropriates money each year to maintain the Military Establishment. The Senate and the House of Representatives each has a Committee on Military Affairs and a Committee on Appropriations. Practically all legislation affecting the Army of the United States, except appropriations, is referred by each House to its Committee on Military Affairs for study and report. The National Guard and the other components of the Army consist of officers and enlisted men divided into combat arms, such as Infantry, Air Corps, and Field Artillery, and into services, such as the Medical De- partment and the Quartermaster Corps. Each arm, service, and bureau has a i'Chief" in Washington. The arms, services and bureau are as follows: ARMS: Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, Coast Artil- lery Corps, Air Corps, Corps of Engineers, Signal Corps. SERVICES: Adjutant General's Department, Inspector Generalis Department, Judge Advocate Generalis De- partment, Quartermaster Corps, Finance Department, Medical Department, Ordnance Department, Chemical Warfare Service, Corps of Chaplains. BUREAU: National Guard Bureau. In general, the arms do the actual fighting in battle, and the services assist the arms by supplying them with food, clothing, weapons, ammunition, and other supplies, and by furnishing transportation, medical care, and other assistance. The National Guard Bureau is de- scribed later. THE SECRETARY OF WAR The Secretary of War is head of the War Depart- ment, charged with administering and managing the department in all of its functions, military and non- military. He supervises all estimates for appropriations for Army expenses, all expenditures of money appro- priated by Congress for the support, transportation, and maintenance of the Army, and all expenditures for civil works placed under his direction by Congress. He carries out the provisions of the National Defense Act, and is responsible for the protection of our seacoast, our harbors, and our cities, for the development of improved weapons and equipment, for the instruction, discipline, and morale of all components and military training ac- HENRY STIMSON The Secretary of War tivities of the Army, for the defense, maintenance, and operation of the Panama Canal, and for the administra- tion, government, and defense of insular possessions that come under the War Department. The Secretary of War also directs the activities of the Corps of En- gineers in forming and carrying out plans for controlling Hoods and improving waterways and harbors for naviga- tion, and recommends plans for such improvements to Congress, and makes contracts for their execution. THE UNDERSECRETARY OF WAR The Assistant Secretary of War is charged with su- pervision of the procurement of all military supplies for the Army of the United States, including the manufac- ture at Government arsenals or Government-owned fac- tories of all supplies these arsenals and factories can produce economically. He is charged with insuring ade- quate provision for the mobilization of materiel and industrial organizations essential to wartime needs. He supervises and acts upon the purchase, lease, and sale of real estate under War Department control, including leases, licenses, and rights-of-way to others, the sale of surplus supplies, equipment, plants, and land or other facilities. He supervises and acts upon claims, foreign or domestic, by or against the War Department, clem- ency cases in litigation or remission of sentence by court- martial, matters relating to national cemeteries, activ- ROBERT PATTERSON The Undersecrefary of War 0' -We GENERAL GEORGE C. MARSHALL IJEUTENANT GENERAL LESLEY J. McNAlR Chief of gfaff Chief of Staff U niied States Army ities relating to the National Board for the Promotion of Rifle Practice and Civilian Marksmanship, permits for the construction of bridges and submarine cables, and the use of patent rights by the War Department and the Army. THE CHIEF OF STAFF The Chief of Staff is the immediate adviser to the Secretary of War on all military matters. He is charged by the Secretary of War with planning, developing, and executing the Army's program for national defense. As the agent of, and in the name of the Secretary of War, he issues orders to insure that the plans of the War Department are harmoniously executed by all branches and agencies in all components of the Army. The Chief of Staff holds the temporary rank of gen- eral while in oHice. The chiefs of most arms, services, bureaus, and War Department General Staff divisions are major generals or brigadier generals. THE GENERAL HEADQUARTERS The nucleus of such an organization was created by order of the Secretary of War on July 26, 1940. It is established at the Army War College, Washington, D. C., with Major General Lesley McNair as Chief of Staff. IIVJ General Headquarters Its function is to decentralize the activities of the War Department by assisting the Chief of Staff in his dual capacity as Chief of Staff of the Army and as Com- manding General of the Field Forces. Working in co- operation with all War Department agencies, the GHQ directs and supervises the training of all troops located in the continental United States, including mobile and harbor defense troops, the GHQ Air Force and the newly created Armored Force. THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU The Chief of the National Guard Bureau is the head of that bureau of the War Department which is charged with the administration of approved War Department policies for the National Guard not in the service of the United States, and with general administrative control of all War Department activities incident to the rela- tionship established by law and custom between such National Guard and the Federal Government, except when the Secretary of War definitely assigns such activ- ities elsewhere. His primary aim is the development of the National Guard to a state of high efliciency, ready for immediate induction into the Army of the United States upon the occurrence of an emergency requir- ing it. The National Guard Bureau is the part of the War Department through which the Secretary of War keeps in constant touch with the whole National Guard. The Chief of the National Guard Bureau is an oflicer of the National Guard appointed by the President to active duty for four years with the rank of major general. As his assistants he has 30 officers of various arms and services from the Regular Army and the National Guard. The National Guard Bureau keeps records dealing with the National Guard in time of peace. It estimates the amount of money needed each year for Guard ex- penses. It recommends to the Secretary of War how the total of National Guard appropriations should be divided among the States and Territories, and the Dis- trict of Columbia. It also explains the policies and plans of the War Department to the National Guard, and it prepares regulations and makes suggestions of many kinds looking toward National Guard improve- ment and development. On January 30, 1940, Major General John F. Wil- liams, NG-US IMissouri National Guardj, took office as the Chief of the National Guard Bureau. General Williams had completed just prior to his appointment as Chief of the National Guard Bureau a tour of active duty in the Bureau as Chief of the Personnel Division. THE NATIONAL GUARD The National Guard, by the executive order of Sep- tember 8, 1939, was increased to an authorized strength of approximately 15,000 officers and 235,000 enlisted men. It is made up of citizens of the United States who are so interested in national defense that they de- sire to take an active part in military affairs in additon to managing their own private ones. There are National Guard units in every one of the 48 States, in Hawaii, Alaska, and Puerto Rico, and in the District of Columbia. These units are distributed in 1,500 different stations. Like the Regular forces, the JOHN F. WILLIAMS Major General The Chief, Nafional Guard Bureau National Guard contains units of all the different arms and services that go to form a modern army. There is a long tradition behind the National Guard. Even before the Colonies became States, some of them had their own active units of organized volunteers. In all of our wars, the States have given many such units to our fighting armies. Indeed, their part in every war in the history of the United States has been of highest importance. NATIONAL GUARDSMEN ON MOTOR MARCH ww., The National Guard has not always been a part of our national forces. Originally it was composed of troops separately formed and trained by each State, and entirely under State control. It came under the Federal control only in times of emergency. Each State trained and equipped its regiments in its own way. Even the uniforms were different. In 1903, however, the National Guard came, by act of Congress, much closer in touch with our National Government and our Regular forces. Since that law was passed, the National Guard has had the same kind of service uniform and equipment as the Regular Army and has followed the same methods of training. The law of 1903 also gave authority for the National Guard to have oflicers of the Regular Army as instructors, and for the Guard to join with Regular Army units at camps for field training. Later acts of Congress, especially the National De- fense Act of 1920 and the National Guard Status Bill of 1933, have made the National Guard one of the three main components of o.1r armed land forces. These laws have established what is known as the National Guard of the United States as distinguished from the National Guard. Oflicers of the National Guard who meet certain standards of age, physical condition, and professional ability generally similar to those required in the Regular Army, are then "federally recognized" and appointed as oflicers in the National Guard of the United States which makes them oflicers in the Army of the United States. Practically all ofiicers of the National Guard are so appointed. To the extent pro- vided for from time to time by appropriations for this specific purpose, the President may order ofiicers of the National Guard of the United States to active duty in an emergency at any time and for the period of the emergency, subject to the qualification that, except in time of emergency expressly declared by Congress, no officer of the National Guard of the United States shall be employed on active duty for more than fifteen days in any one calendar year without his own consent. The Governor of a State, of course, can order the National Guard of his State to active duty for training and other purposes in accordance with the laws of that State. All members of the National Guard take an oath to bear true allegiance to the United States and to their own State, and to obey the orders of the President of the United States and the Governor of their own State. In consequence of this obligation, they are not only liable to Federal call or order in a national emergency, but to call within their own States in times of local CALL Perhaps, this somewhat complicated matter will be understood more clearly when it is remembered that un- der Presidential "Call," the National Guard is, in a sense, borrowed from the Governors of the States and Territories, and used to repel invasion, put down rebel- lion, or enforce the laws of the Union. No action by Congress is necessary. The National Guard units thus borrowed do become a part of the Army of the United States while they are in the national service. ORDER Under a Presidential "order" the National Guard of the United States, already a part of the Army of the United States, comes instantaneously into active military service. There must be a war or equivalent national emergency declared by Congress. The National Guard immediately loses its status as State troops under an "order," although this status is simply in abeyance. When the war or other emergency is over, the units have to be returned to the States from which they came. All units and individuals then resume their purely peace- time State status. The National Guard Divisions thus ordered or to be ordered into the active military service of the United disaster or danger. FIRING GARAND RIFLE FROM PRONE POSITION f . 1' , . yn .. Q 1 ..... r...smef I55-MM. HOWITZER FIELD ARTILLERY ENTERING CAMP AREA States by virtue of the authority conferred upon the President by Public Resolution 96, 76th Congress, ap- proved August 27, 1940, and the National Defense Act of June 3, 1916, as amended B9 Stat. 1661, will be enumerated later. During the World War, National Guard units of the various States and Territories contributed almost half a million men to the Army. Two out of every five divisions that went to France were National Guard units, and by far the greater part of these saw service on the field of battle. The National Guard receives money by annual appro- priation from Congress for many of its needs. These funds provide arms and other equipment, uniforms, motor vehicles, horses, and airplanes, provide for the construction and repair of certain buildings- at camps, and for sending officers to the service schools of the Regular Army for courses of training, and for many other needs. It receives money from the States for the building and upkeep of armories and camps, for extra field training pay and extra pay in times of State emer- gency, and for numerous other expenses. At their home stations the units of the National Guard assemble at least one night a week for active training. They meet in armories provided by their States not only as drill halls but as places where arms and equipment can be safely kept. Often, too, there are meetings of a social kind, for there is relaxation within the brotherhood of arms, as well as hard work. In the summer the National Guard goes to camps for field training. These may be purely State camps composed entirely of National Guard troops, or Guard units may join with parts of the Regular Army in large maneuvers. This summer training usually lasts for two weeks. An important part of it is the actual travel from home station to camp by marching, by motors, or by I VII 'I train, which gives practice in troop movement for field service. Similar field training may be held at other times of the year. Officers of the Guard also prepare themselves for their part in national defense by attending military schools. Selected ofiicers go each year to the service schools of the Regular Army. Many others attend officers' schools in their own units, or study the cor- respondence lessons of the Army Extension Courses, or otherwise improve their military knowledge. Members of the National Guard who find themselves unable to continue their active military training owing to pressure of business or other personal reasons may be transferred to the Inactive National Guard, and thus keep their contact with the Army. Members of the Inactive National Guard retain their grades and may be called to active duty in case of war to H11 vacancies in National Guard units. Members of the Inactive Na- tional Guard may attend training with active National Guard units under regulations prescribed by the Chief Coast Artillery 3-inch anfiaircraff gun. E VANCING TO A NEW POSITION, INFANTRYMEN PULL THEIR MACHINE GUN OVER A RID of the National Guard Bureau. No transfer is per- mitted from the Inactive National Guard to an active status. Above the grade of first lieutenant the number of inactive members is limited to the number required to bring the officer personnel of the Guard to war strength. For strategical military purposes the United States is divided into four Army areas, and for military admin- istrative purposes into nine corps areas: FIRST ARMY First Corps Area: Headquarters at Boston, Mass., Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut. Second Corps Area: Headquarters at Governors Island, N. Y.: New Jersey, Delaware, New York. Third Corps Area: Headquarters at Baltimore, Md., Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, District of Columbia. SECOND ARMY Fifth Corps Area: Headquarters at Fort Hayes, Co- lumbus, Ohiog Ohio, West Virginia, Indiana, Kentucky. Sixth Corps Area: Headquarters at Chicago, Ill., Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin. Battalion aid siafion. THIRD ARMY Fourth Corps Area: Headquarters at Atlanta, Ga., North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Ala- bama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana. Eighth Corps Area: Headquarters at Fort Sam Hous- ton, San Antonio, Tex., Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona fin partl . FOURTH ARMY Seventh Corps Area: Headquarters at Omaha, Nebr.g Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Iowa, Nebraska, Minne- sota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming. Ninth Corps Area: Headquarters at Presidio of San Francisco, Calif., Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Mon- tana, Utah, Nevada, Arizona fin partl, California, Alaska fattachedl. The overseas departments are: The Hawaiian De- partment, the Philippine Department, the Panama Canal Department, and the Puerto Rican Department. The National Guard is organized into divisions, brigades, regiments, and other units like the Regular Army. The units in each corps area come under the supervision of the corps area commander in time of Base hospi+aI operating room. I VIH I 1 ci r- ff :, 1 Y ' s f V I 2 V I I peace, and automatically become part of his command when they are Hrst ordered into the active military service of the United States in case of national emer- gency. The National Guard Infantry divisions, and the States and corps areas in which they are located, are as follows: Corps .ffrm Di-vision Sfalex I . 26th Division Massachusetts. I . 43rd Division Connecticut, Maine, Rhode Island, Ver- mont. II . 27th Division New York. II . 44th Division New jersey, New York III 28th Division Pennsylvania. III 29th Division Maryland, Virginia, District of Colum- bia, Pennsylvania. IV . 30th Division Georgia, North Carolina, South Caro- lina, Tennessee. IV. 31st Division Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Missis- sippi. V . 37th Division Ohio. V . 38th Division Indiana, Kentucky, VVest Virginia. VI . 32nd Division Michigan, VVisconsin. VI . 33rd Division Illinois. VII 34th Division . Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South Dakota. VII 35th Division . Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska. VIII 36th Division . Texas. VIII 45th Division . Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, New Mexico. IX 40th Division . California, Utah. IX 41st Division . Idaho, Montana, Oregon, VVashington, VVyoming. The National Guard Cavalry organizations are dis- tributed in the States and corps areas as follows: Corps Area Unit Slate: II .... IOISt Cavalry CH-Meczj New York II . loznd Cavalry IH-Meczj New jersey III . 104th Cavalry IH-Meczj Pennsylvania VI . 106th Cavalry IH-Meczj Illinois V . 107th Cavalry IH-Meczj Ohio VII II3fl'l Cavalry IH-Meczb Iowa IX . 115th Cavalry III-Meczj VVyoming VIII . 56th Cavalry Brigade IHD . . Texas There are many other National Guard units, which are not a part of numbered divisions, located in most of the States shown in the above table, in New Hampshire, Delaware, and Arkansas, and in Puerto Rico and Ha- waii. Units of the National Guard, like those of the Reg- ular Army and the Organized Reserves, are designated by numbers. Regiments have, in general, numbers be- tween 100 and 300, and infantry divisons have numbers between 26 and 75. Others may use their old names in addition to their new numbers, for example, the Washington Artillery, which is the One I-Iundred and Forty-first Field Artillery flsouisiana National Guard, . THE ARMS The arms-the fighting units-of our Army are: the Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, Coast Artillery Corps, Air Corps, Corps of Engineers, and Signal Corps. IIXI Above: Non-commissioned officers study a situation map. Above: .50 caliber machine gun crew awaits enemy. Below: Infantry scout, with hat camouflaged. taltes refuge in high grass. Along a counfry road, horse cavalry heads for fhe fron? fo confacf enemy forces. The Infantry is the principal combat arm, though the Cavalry also comes into direct personal contact with the enemy on the ground and the Air Corps with him in the air. The Cavalry and the Air Corps have also the task of going out ahead of the other elements of the Army to locate the enemy and gain first contact with his forces, and after that to watch closely what the hostile army does and where it moves. The Air Corps, in addition, flies long distances to bomb the supply centers and other rear installations of the enemy, thus to interfere with and delay his operations. The guns and howitzers of Field Artillery add their strong supporting fires to the bullets and shells of In- fantry and Cavalry to defeat an enemy in battle. The antiaircraft guns of Coast Artillery attack all enemy planes that come within sight and range, and the coast defense guns of this same arm share with the Navy and with the Army Air Corps the vital task of protecting our shores from any possible attempts at a hostile land- ing. The Engineers plan and help to build the field fortifi- cations of part or all of the Army when it goes on the defensive, and help it to move readily from place to place by building and repairing roads and bridges. This arm has many other engineering duties such as making maps and constructing buildings and railways. The Chow line af maneuvers Cavalry scouf cars in maneuve s Signal Corps keeps the different units of the Army in constant touch, during battle and campaign, through radio, telegraph, telephone, messengers, and other com- munication means. The arms, assisted by the services, cooperate to the utmost in war to defeat the enemy, and in peace to prepare all components of the Army of the United States for an efficient and adequate defense of our coun- try. Ar the same time, each arm has its own long- standing traditions. Among them is a line rivalry in excellence at arms as well as a genuine spirit of close cooperation in all the modern activities of a major army. THE INFANTRY The Infantry is the main fighting part of an army. It fights on foot and in tanks. Ir can maneuver and fight, attack and defend, on all kinds of ground. In battle, Infantry usually has the main task. With the support of other arms, it moves against the enemy and over- comes him, it gains ground and holds it. If the enemy attacks in force the defensive firmness and fire-power of Infantry are the final means of stopping him and driving him back again. The peace strength of Infantry units is roughly two- thirds their war strength. Ordnance re pair fruclt. lu. - .4 ITMJ- INFANTRYMEN ADVANCING ACROSS FIELD The chief weapons of Infantry are the shoulder rifle with its bayonet, the tank, and the machine gun. Other Infantry weapons, all of them important in warfare, are the hand grenade, the caliber .30 automatic rifle, the pistol, the caliber .50 and the 37-mm. fantitankl guns, and the 60- and 81-mm. mortars. The following table gives the characteristics of all Infantry weapons except the bayonet and the tank: CHARACTERISTICS or INFANTRY VVeAPoNs Weapon Caliber Inches RiHe, M 1903 .... . .30 Rifle M1 fsemiautomaticj . .30 Automatic rifle ...... 30 Machine gun ...... 30 Antitank gun ...... 50 37-mm. fantitankj gun . . 1.4 60-mm. mortar ..... 2.4 81-mm. mortar ..... 3.2 Pistol .... . .45 Hand grenade ..... ...,.. Maxi- Rate W'eight of mum of ammuni- range Weight fre tion fper unitl Round: per Yards Pounds min. S1500 3.4 7-10 1 ounce 5600 9-4 I5'30 I 01-IIICC 5,500 I7.I 150 I ounce 5,500 82.0 525 1 ounce 7,500 128.0 500 4 Ounces 71500 350-0 30 4 pounds 1,300 5I-4 30-35 2.4 pounds 3,280 134.0 30-35 7.2 8: 15.8 pounds I,6O0 2-4 ........ 1.5 ounces 50 ----.... ........ 1 .3 pounds There are 80 Infantry Regiments in the National Guard. Their numerical designations, composition and States to which they belong are given in the table which follows: INFANTRY BRIGADES Unit 51st Infantry Brigade .... 52nd Infantry Brigade . 53rd Infantry Brigade . 54th Infantry Brigade 55th Infantry Brigade 56th Infantry Brigade 57th Infantry Brigade 58th Infantry Brigade 59th Infantry Brigade Diqfi . 26th . 26th . 27th . 27th . 28th . 28th . 44th . 29th . 30th smn Slate Div. Massachusetts Div. Massachusetts Div. New York Div. . New York Div. . Pennsylvania Div. . Pennsylvania Div. . New jersey Div. . Maryland Div. . Georgia-S.C. IXI 60th Infantry Brigade 30th Div. North Carolina 61st Infantry Brigade 31st Div. La.-Miss. 62nd Infantry Brigade 3ISf Div. Ala.-Fla. 63rd Infantry Brigade 32nd Div. Michigan 64th Infantry Brigade 32nd Div. Wisconsin 65th Infantry Brigade 33rd Div, Illinois 66th Infantry Brigade 33rd Div. Illinois 67th Infantry Brigade 34th Div. Iowa 68th Infantry Brigade 34th Div. Minn.-N.D. 69th Infantry Brigade 35th Div. Kansas-Nebr. 70th Infantry Brigade 35th Div. Missouri 7ISt Infantry Brigade 36th Div. Texas 72nd Infantry Brigade 36th Div. Texas 73rd Infantry Brigade 37th Div. Ohio 74th Infantry Brigade 37th Div. Ohio 75th Infantry Brigade 38th Div. Kentucky 76th Infantry Brigade 38th Div. Indiana 79th Infantry Brigade 40th Div. California 80th Infantry Brigade 40th Div. California 81st Infantry Brigade 4ISf Div. Washington 82nd Infantry Brigade 4ISt Div. Oregon 85th Infantry Brigade 43rd Div. Connecticut 86th Infantry Brigade 43rd Div. Maine 87th Infantry Brigade 44th Div. New York 88th Infantry Brigade 29th Div. Virginia 89th Infantry Brigade 45th Div. Ariz.-Colo. 90th Infantry Brigade 45th Div. Oklahoma 92nd Infantry Brigade Insular Pos. Puerto Rico INFANTRY REGIMENTS Unit Division State 71st Infantry . . 44th Div. New York IOISY Infantry . . 26th Div. Massachusetts 102nd Infantry . 43rd Div, Connecticut 1o3rd Infantry . 43rd Div, Maine 104th Infantry . 26th Div, Massachusetts 105th Infantry . 27th Div. New York 106th Infantry . 27th Div. New York 108th Infantry . 27th Div. New York 109th Infantry . 28th Div Pennsylvania 110th Infantry . 28th Div. Pennsylvania 111th Infantry , 28th Div. Pennsylvania 112th Infantry . 28th Div. Pennsylvania 113th Infantry . 44th Div. New jersey 114th Infantry . 44th Div. New jersey 115th Infantry . 29th Div. Maryland 116th Infantry . 29th Div. Virginia I 1 ' A Bw. AV Q ... N I " "1"-1f"M,fhf' t za, .iff-if az .. M .rx an . 1. - hp., 6. , I V N'-wwf' .. ,M . YQ jgwrz wg , ,MQ f . .A . , W fr . , .1 ,W 1'f'::':,-53.-yf.wfAw...,,s.Jfi',.. jjamfzflitg ,,, ' -riifwmf. 'f ff 1 ' 1, 1 r . Q sf- . ff g ' L- " fl ,f Y' "' 1 ' fT"':'.-. L " Q45-L... .,g' naw' 1 ,iii2figs,liT't,?,f K , . ,. -, -.M ty., . YL 5,7 If I -, I P I-. A. Q INFANTRY PASSING IN REVIEW Div. . Div. . Div. . Div. . Div. . Div: Div. . Div. . Div. . 117th Infantry , . 30th 118th Infantry . , . 30th IZOIII Infantry . . . 30th 131st Infantry . . goth I2.I.iII Infantry . . . 3ISf Div. IZSIII Infantry . . . 32nd Div IZGIII Infantry , . . 32nd Div 137th Infantry . . 32nd Div IZSIII Infantry . 32nd 129th Infantry . . 33rd Div IXOTII Infantry . . 33rd Div 131st Infantry . . . 33rd Div igznd Infantry , . . 33rd Div 133rtI Infantry . . . 34th I3.I,fII Infantry . , 35th Div ISSIII Infantry . 34th Div 137th Infantry . 35th Div I3gfII Infantry . 35th Div I.1,0iIl Infantry . . . 35th Div LIISI Infantry . . 36th Div I42IIlI Infantry . . 36th I.1,3I'Kl Infantry . 36th I4,.4,tII Infantry , . 36th Div 145th Infantry . 37th Div I47III Infantry . . . 3'7iII Div 148th Infantry . . . 37th Div 149th Infantry . . . 38th Div ISOIII Infantry . . . 38th Div ISIST Infantry . . 38th ISZIIKI Infantry . 38th Div. . 'Ik-nnessec Sonth Carolina North Carolina Georgia IfIIlI'IIIZl Michigan Michigan YVist'onsin YVisconsin Illinois Illinois Illinois Illinois Iowa Nchraska Minnesota Kansas Missouri Missouri 'llt-xas 'iicxas 'licxas Texas Ohio Ohio Ohio Kcntncky NVvst Virginia Indiana Indiana 1 53rtI 1 55th 1 56th 1 57th 158th 159th 160th I61st I62IIlI 163rtI 164th 165th 166th 167th 168th 1 69th I'72IICI 174th 175th 176th 179th 180th 1 Slat 1 82nd 184th 185th 186th 201 st 295th 29601 Infantry . - Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry . . Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry Infantry G.II 31st 31st 45th 45th 40th .goth 41 st ,mst .tlst 34,III 17th 37th 31st 34th 43rtI .q,3rtI 44th 29th 29th 45th 45th 26th 26th 40th ,moth .gist .Q. Res. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div, Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. Div. G.II.Q. Res. Insular Pos Insular Po During maneuvers: ILeffI Infantry on night march. IRigh+I Infantry machine gun guarding bridgehead. F Arkansas Mississippi Louisiana Coloratlo Arizona California C'aIifornia VVSISIIIIIQIOII Oregon Montana North Dakota New York Ohio Alabama Iowa C'onnvt'tit'nt Vcrrnont New York Maryland Virginia Oklahoma Oklahoma Massachusetts lNIassat'hnsCttS California California Oregon VVcst Virginia Puerto Rico Puerto Rico pa..tW.f.m,awfr.f,- ..- The Cavalry has many tasks in war. Not only does it CROSS-COUNTRY HIKING TOUGHENS RECRUITS 297th Infantry . . InsularPos. Alaska 298th Infantry ....... IIISUIHFPOS. Hawaii 299th Infantry ....... InsularPos. Hawaii 372nd Infantry fRifieJ CColoredl Cv.H.Q. . . D.C.-Md.-Mass. NJ.-Ohio MILITARY PoI,IcE BA'I"rAI,IoN rorst Military Police Battalion . G.H.Q. . . New York Mll.l'I'.-XRY PoI.IcI3 CoMPANx' Unit Division Staff 26th Military Police Company . . 26th Div. . Massachusetts 27th Military Police Company . . 27th Div. . New York 28th Military Police Company . . 28th Div. . Pennsylvania 29th Military Police Company . 29th Div. . Dist. of Col. goth Military Police Company . . goth Div. . Georgia 3ISf Military Police Company . . 31st Div. . Alabama 32nd Military Police Company . . 32nd Div. . Wisconsin 33rd Military Police Company . . 33rd Div. . Michigan 34th Military Police Company . . 34th Div. . Minnesota 35th Military Police CompaIIy . . 35th Div. . Kansas 36th Military Police Company . . 36th Div. . Texas 37th Military Police Company . . 37th Div. . Ohio 38th Military Police Company . . 38th Div, . Kentucky .Ioth Military Police Company . . 40th Div. . California .pst Military Police Company . . 4ISf Div. . Wyoming 43rd Military Police Company . . 43rd Div. . Connecticut 44th Military Police CompaIIy . . 44th Div. . New jersey 45th Military Police Company . . 45th Div. . Oklahoma the same as the corresponding Infantry weapons. In The Infantry is now being equipped with fast modern tanks, which carry substantial armor and machine guns. They can move about 35 miles an hour on roads and rapidly across fields, and can go at a good rate over rough ground. Tanks are organized into separate In- fantry units of their own. Tank organizations in the National Guard and the States to which they belong are shown below: 'IiAN It BATTALIONS Unit Difuision Stair IQISI Tank Battalion . . . Army Trs. N.Y.-Mass.- Ist Army Va.-Conn. Igznd Tank Battalion . . Army Trs. YVis.-Ill.-Ohio- 2nd Army Ky. I93rd Tank Battalion . . Army Trs. Ga.-Ala.-Tex: 3rd Army Colo. 194th Tank Battalion ..... Army Trs. Minn.-Mo.- 4th Army Calif.-VVash. ANTl'I'ANK BATTALION Unit Di-vision Stair IOISY Antitank Battalion . . . G.H.Q. . . New York Ioznd Antitank Battalion . . G.H.Q. . . New York xo3rd Antitank Battalion .... G.H.Q. . . Washington 104th Antitank Battalion .... G.l-LQ. . . New Mexico 105th Antitank Battalion .... G.H.Q. . . Pennsylvania THE CAVALRY The Cavalry is a fast-moving fighting arm. It is divided into two kinds-I-Iorse Cavalry, and Mechanized Cavalry which moves and fights in armored cars and in combat cars that are much like tanks. Horse Cavalry, when it comes in contact with the enemy, usually dis- mounts and fights on foot like Infantry. Cavalry on Horse charges at the enemy when it surprises small groups of his forces. join the other fighting arms in direct attacks upon the enemy, it also precedes the main army, exploring the ground ahead of it, driving back the enemyis Cavalry or other advance troops, and reconnoitering to find the enemy's main forces. The weapons of the Cavalry include the pistol, semi- automatic rifle, caliber .30 air-cooled machine gun, caliber .30 water-cooled machine gun, caliber .45 sub- machine gun, caliber .50 machine gun, 37-mm. gun, and 60-mm. and 81-mm. mortars. These weapons are much addition, there are a large number of combat vehicles known as scout cars, mortar carriers, combat cars and motorcycles. CAVALRY BRIGAIJES lfnit Difvision Slate 56th Cav. Brig ........ G.H.Q. Res. Texas CAVALRY REGIMENTS Unit Dilvision Stale IOISt Cavalry KH-Meczl Corps New York Ioznd Cavalry CH-Meczj Corps New jersey 1o4th Cavalry KH-Meczj Corps Pennsylvania 106th Cavalry CH-Meczb Corps Illinois CAVALRY ON THE MARCH . .Ohio . Texas 107th Cavalry KH-Meczj . . .Corps 112th Cavalry ........ G.H.Q. . 113th Cavalry CH-Meczl . . . Corps . . Iowa 115th Cavalry CH-Meczj . . . Corps . . Wlyoming 124th Cavalry , ....... G.H.Q. . . Texas generally re- Cur Horse-Mechanized Regiments, ferred to as Corps Reconnaissance Regiments fcharacter- istic of the duty which they are designed to performl are designated, one for each Army Corps. They are composed of a Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, a Service Troop and two squadrons. The first squadron is a horse squadron of three troops with Portee equip- ment for transporting the horse squadron rapidly when suitable roads permit. The second squadron is mechan- ized and consists of two reconnaissance troops of scout cars and a motorcycle troop. The National Guard has seven Horse-Mechanized Regiments and one brigade of Horse Cavalry. The numerical designations of these regiments and the States to which they belong are as given in the table above. THE FIELD ARTILLERY In battle the Field Artillery fires its accurate and powerful weapons in support of the main fighting arms, the Infantry and the Cavalry. The Field Artillery does not light alone, but is equipped to defend itself against direct attack by the enemy from the air or on the ground. It gives its strong support to the other arms in battle through the fire power of its cannons, known as guns and howitzers. Its guns fire shells which do not rise far above the earth, its howitzers fire shells which IXIV l curve high into the air and can thus reach targets pro- tected from the fire of guns by such obstacles as hills. The light artillery of our Army includes the 75-mm. fapproximately 3-inch, gun, the 75-mm. howitzer, and the 105-mm. howitzer, which may be horse-drawn or truck-drawn, the 75-mm. howitzer may also be pack- carried. These weapons can be moved rapidly from place to place, and can be put in position, ready to fire, in less than a minute. Light artillery is used mainly in direct support of Infantry and Cavalry units. Our me- dium Artillery is the 155-mm. fapproximately 6-inchj howitzer, which is truck-drawn and almost as fast in movement and action as Light Artillery. Classed as Heavy Artillery are the 155-mm. guns, 8-inch howitzers, and 240-mm. howitzers. It takes I to 6 hours to emplace and prepare these heavy weapons for firing. They are drawn by heavy tractors. In detail the characteristics of these wea ons are: P Caliber Wright lVeig!zt Cmillimetersl Type Range in trafwl of shell Yards Pounds Pounds 75 . Howitzer Cpackj 9,500 1,470 I5 75 . . Gun, model M2 13,600 3,650 I5 105. . Ilowitzer . . 12,140 5,750 33 155 . , . . do . 12,400 8,960 95 155 . . . Gun . 26,000 30,700 95 240. . . Ilmsitzer I6,4OO 58,600 345 8 Cinehl , .do . , 18,700 29,600 200 The Field Artillery is organized into batteries, bat- talions, and brigades. There are 78 Field Artillery Regiments in the National Guard at the present time. The numerical designations of these regiments, their composition and the States to which they belong are as given in the table which follows: FIELD .AR'l'II.I.ERY Brucao ES Uni! Di-virion Shire 51st Field Artillery Brigade 26th Div. . .Nlassaclnrst-tts 52nd Field Artillery Brigade 17th Div, . .New York 53rd Field Artillery Brigade 18th Div. Pennsylvania 54th Field Artillery Brigade 29th Div. Virginia 55th Field Artillery Brigade 30th Div, Georgia 56th Field Artillery Brigade Slst Div. Fla.-Ala.flVliss. 57th Field Artillery Brigade 32nd Div. . .xvisronsin 58th Field Artillery Brigade 33rd Div. Illinois 59th Field Artillery Brigade 34th Div. Minnesota 60th Field Artillery Brigade 35th Div. Kansas 6151: Field Artillery Brigade 36th Div, Texas 62nd Field Artillery Brigade 37th Div. Ohio 63rd Field Artillery Brigade 38th Div. Kentucky 65th Field Artillery Brigade 40th Div. Utah 66th Field Artillery Brigade 41st Div. Waslririgtorr 68th Field Artillery Brigade 43rd Div. Maine-Rlrode Island 69th Field Artillery Brigade 44th Div. New jersey 70th Field Artillery Brigade 45th Div. Oklahoma 71st Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops New York 72nd Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops Nlichigan 73rd Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops Pennsylvania 74th Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops Georgia 75th Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops Tennessee 76th Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops California FIELD RnorMHN'r's Units Division Stale 10lst Field Artillery f75-mm T.D.l . . .26th Div. Nlassachusetts l02nd Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . .26th Div, Nlassarhusetts l03rd Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.l . . .43rd Div.. . . Rhode Island 104th Field Artillery Q75-mm T,D,j . . .27th Div. . . . New York 105th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.7 . . . 27th Div. . . . New York 106th Field Artillery H55-mtn Howj . . . 27th Div. . . . New York 107th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 28th Div. . . . Pennsylvania 108th Field Artillery 1155-mm I-low.J . . . 28th Div. . . . Pennsylvania I09th Field Artillery i75emm T.D.J . . . 28th Div. . . . Pennsylvania 110th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.j . . . 29th Div. Nlaryland lllth Field Artillery Q75'mm T.D.J . . . 29th Div. Virginia 112th Field Artillery iHorse-Drawnj . . .GHQ . New Jersey 113th Field Artillery i155fmm How.J . . . 30th Div. North Carolina 114th Field Artillery 1155-mm I-iow.j . . . Zlst Div. . . . Mississippi 115th Field Artillery Q75ernm T.D.J . . . 30th Div. . . . Tennessee 116th Field Artillery f75-mm T.D.J . . . ilst Div. . . . Florida 117th Field Artillery f75-mm T.D.b . . . Slst Div. . . . Alabama l18th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.l . . . 30th Div. . . . Georgia 119th Field Artillery i155fmm Gunj . . . Corps Troops . Michigan 120th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . .3Znd Div. Wisconsirr 1Z1st Field Artillery H55-mm I-Iow.j . . .3Znd Div. Wisconsitr l22nd Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . . 33rd Div. . . . Illinois 123rd Field Artillery U55-tntn How.j . . . 33rd Div. . . . Illinois 124th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 33rd Div. Illinois 125th Field Artillery 175-mm T,D.l . . . 34th Div. . . . Nlinnesota l26th Field Artillery 175-mm Trk-DD . . . 32nd Div. Wiscorisiri 127th Field Artillery U55-mm I-Iow.j . . . 35th Div. Kansas 128th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . . GHQ Res. . . Missouri 130th Field Artillery 175emm T.D.J . . . 35th Div. Kansas l31st Field Artillery i75fmm T.D.l . . .36th Div. Texas l32nd Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.j . . . 36th Div. Texas 133rd Field Artillery 1155-mm I-Iow.j . . . 36th Div. Texas 134th Field Artillery i75emm T.D.J . . . 37th Div. Ohio 135th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 37th Div. Ohio l36th Field Artillery 1155-mm How.l . . . 37th Div. Ohio 138th Field Artillery 175Arnm T.D.J . . . 38th Div. Kentutky 139th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . . 38th Div. Indiana l41st Field Artillery 1155-mm Howj . . . Corps Troops . Louisiana 142nd Field Artillery 1155-mm I'Iow.J . . . GHQ . Arkansas 143rd Field Artillery f75fmm T. Dj . . .40th Div.. . . California 144th Field Artillery 1155-mm Gunj . . . Corps Tro California 145th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D,j . . . 40th Div. . . . Utah 146th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.j . . . 41st Div. . . . Washitrgtorr 147th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . .GHQ Res. . .South Dakota 148th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.p . . .4lst Div. Idaho 150th Field Artillery H55-mm Howj . . . 38th Div. Indiana 151st Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 34th Div. Minnesota 152nd Field Artillery Q75-mm T,D.J . . . 43rd Div. Maine 156th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 44th Div. New York 157th Field Artillery f155emm I'low,J . . . 44th Div. New Jersey F l E L D A R T l L L E R Y M E N F I R l N G 7 5 emma , fv1.f1,.w2'fu ...- , . .ef-fa..:r...w --Hu ' fm 144 158th Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., 45th Div.. . .Okla.-Ariz. l6Oth Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., 45th Div. . . .Oklahoma l61st Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., 35th Div.. . . Kansas l62nd Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., Insular Pos. . . Puerto Rico 165th Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., 44th Div. . . .New jersey 166th Field Artillery T155-mm How., . . .Corps Troops Pennsylvania 168th Field Artillery T155-mm Gun, Corps Troops . Colorado 172nd Field Artillery T155-mm How., . . . Corps Troops New Hampshire 176th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 29th Div.. . .Pennsylvania 177th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Michigan 178th Field Artillery T155-mm How., GHQ Res. . . South Carolina 179th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps . . . . Georgia 180th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 26th Div. . . . Massachusetts l8lst Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Tennessee 182nd Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Michigan l83rd Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Idaho 184th Field Artillery T155-mm How., GHQ ..,. Illinois 185th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 34th Div. . . . Iowa 186th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops New York 187th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops New York 188th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops North Dakota 189th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 45th Div. . . . Oklahoma l90th Field Artillery T155-mm Gun, Corps Troops Pennsylvania l9lst Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Tennessee l92nd Field Artillery T155-mm How., 43rd Div. . . . Connecticut 218th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 41st Div. . . . Oregon 222nd Field Artillery T155-mm How., 40th Div. . . . Utah 258th Field Artillery T155-mm Gun, Corps Troops New York THE COAST ARTILLERY CORPS With its fixed and mobile guns capable of firing many miles to sea, the Coast Artillery Corps protects impor- tant parts of our shores-mainly the entrances to our largest harbors and ports-from approach by hostile landing forces and from bombardment by hostile navies. In this task of coast defense the Coast Artillery acts in close cooperation with the United States Navy. The Coast Artillery also has units with powerful anti- aircraft guns whose purpose is to protect our most im- portant centers of population and industry, and the main headquarters and installations of our armies in the field, from the war planes of an enemy. Thus Coast artillery regiments are of two main kinds -harbor defense and antiaircraft. Sometimes two or more regiments are formed into a brigade under a sin- gle commander. The number of antiaircraft and harbor defense regi- Coasf Ariillery firing 3-inch anfiaircrafr gun at night. The ears of the anti-aircraft organization are the sound Iocaiers. ments of the National Guard, with their numerical designations and States of origin, are shown below: Corxsr ARTII.I.liRY' BRIGADE Uni? Divirian Stale 1Olst Coast Artillery Brigade ....... GI-IQ . . . . Minnesota lO2nd Coast Artillery Brigade ...... GHQ .... New York Corisr AkTii.i.EkY CORPS Unit Division Stale 197th Coast Artillery TAA, ........ GHQ . . . New Hampshire 198th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . Gr-IQ .... Delaware 200th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ .... New Mexico 201st Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . Insular Pos. . . Puerto Rico 202nd Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ .... Illinois ZO3rd Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Missouri 204th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Louisiana 205th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Washington 206th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Arkansas 207th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . New York 208th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GI-IQ . . . Connecticut 209th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ r . . New York 210th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Michigan Zllth Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GHQ . . . Massachusetts 212th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . New York 213th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GHQ . . . Pennsylvania 214th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GHQ . . . Georgia 215th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GI-IQ . . . Minnesota 216th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GHQ .... Minnesota 217th Coast Artillery TAA, ........ GHQ .... Minnesota Seimiuirr BATTALION, COAST AR'ru,r,ERY TAA, Uni! Divixion State 101st Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GHQ .... Georgia lO2nd Separate Battalion, C, A. TAA, . . GHQ . . . New York l03rd Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GI-IQ . . . Kentucky 104th Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GHQ . . . Alabama 105th Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GHQ . . . Louisiana 106th Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GHQ . . . Kentucky 107th Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . .GHQ . . . So. Carolina 121st Separate Bn., C. A, TAA, Tgun, .GHQ . . . Nevada 122nd Separate Battalion, C. A. Tun, . GHQ .... New Jersey Coasr AR'l'lI,I.ERY Cours TContinued, Unit Division Slate 240th Coast Artillery THD, . . . . Harbor Defense . . Maine 241st Coast Artillery THD, . . . . . Harbor Defense . . Massachusetts 242nd Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . . Connecticut 243rd Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense. .Rhode Island 244th Coast Artillery T155-mm gun T.D., Harbor Defense. . New York 245th Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . .New York 246th Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . . Virginia 248th Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . .Washington 249th Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . . Oregon 250th Coast Artillery T155-mm gun T.D., Harbor Defense . . California Z5lst Coast Artillery TAA, . ...... GHQ ...... California 25Znd Coast Artillery T155-mm gun T.D., Harbor Defense . . North Carolina 253rd Coast Artillery T155-mm gun, . . .Insular Pos. . . . Puerto Rico 260th Coast Artillery TAA, ....... GHQ ...... Dist. of Col. 26lst Sep. C. A. Bn TH.D., Type "D" Harbor Defense. . Delaware Z63rd Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . . South Carolina 265th Coast Artillery THD, . . . . . .Harbor Defense . .Florida 369th Coast Artillery TAA, ....... GHQ ...... New York THE AIR CORPS The Air Corps has three basic types of combat air- planes: pursuit, bombardment, and observation. In ad- dition, there are three kinds of basic noncombatant air- Af 1' a. ' ' . Vfirigvk 'X "' WL A f ' -tw s sy is . m OBS planes: training, cargo and transport, and experimental. The training planes are of various types including pri- mary, basic, and obsolescent service types. Transport and cargo airplanes are used to carry both troops and supplies. Experimental airplanes are those under devel- opment. At the present time the National Guard is composed of 21 Observation Squadrons, located in various States of the Union. The numerical designations of these units, together with the States to which they belong, are as follows: Ant CORPS Unit Difvi5ion Staff rorst Observation Squadron . 26th Div. Massachusetts roznd Observation Squadron 27th Div. New York rogrd Observation Squadron . 28th Div. Pennsylvania 104th Observation Squadron . 29th Div. Maryland ro5th Observation Squadron . goth Div. Tennessee ro6th Observation Squadron . 3ISf Div. Alabama IO7Ih Observation Squadron . 32nd Div. . Michigan ro8th Observation Squadron . 33rd Div. Illinois rogth Observation Squadron . 34th Div. Minnesota rroth Observation Squadron . 35th Div. Missouri rrrth Observation Squadron . 36th Div, Texas rrzth Observation Squadron . 37th Div. Ohio 113th Observation Squadron . 38th Div. Indiana rr5th Observation Squadron . 40th Div. California rr6th Observation Squadron . 4ISt Div. Washington rr8th Observation Squadron . 43rd Div. Connecticut rrgth Observation Squadron . 44th Div. New Jersey rzoth Observation Squadron . GHQ . Colorado r52nd Observation Squadron CHQ . Rhode Island r53rd Observation Squadron . CHQ . Mississippi 154th Observation Squadron . 45th Div. Arkansas Nine additional National Guard Observation Squad- rons are in the process of being organized. When the Engineers erecting pontoon bridge. tk ERVATION PLANES ON THE LINE . . fr . . S a ,Q . 19 L, rift.. . ry., Q t , Portable photo laboratory, Observation Squadron, in operation organization of these additional units has been com- pleted, the National Guard will have a total of 30 Ob- servation Squadrons. OBSERVATION SQUADRONS X' ? 2 ' :sie Unit Di-vision Sfate rzrst Observation Squadron . .Army Troops, rst Army D.C. r22nd Observation Squadron Army Troops, 3rd Army Louisiana rzgrd Observation Squadron Army Troops, 4th Army Oregon 124th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 4th Army Iowa 125th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 3rd Army Oklahoma 126th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 2nd Army VVisconsin 127th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 4th Army Kansas 128th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 3rd Army Georgia 129th Observation Squadron Insular Possession . . Aldilifl Engineers in Assault Boats. State Unit THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS The Corps of Engineers is the arm that furnishes technical engineering skill to the Army of the United States, in peace and war, and directs much Government engineering work of a nonmilitary or partly military kind. It is also a fighting arm. When a need for -re- serves of combat troops arises more pressing than the need for their engineering work, units of combat Engi- neers go into battle against the enemy like Infantry. Engineer units are largely motorized. All have mod- ern and efficient engineering equipment. A portable air compressor, equipment in each Engineer combat regi- ment, furnishes compressed air to operate a cross-cut saw, a hammer for breaking stone, and a pile driver. Our small peacetime Corps of Engineers not only trains for its tasks in war but also furnishes skilled engi- neering personnel to direct rivers and harbors improve- ment, flood control, and other public works. There are 20 Engineer Regiments in the National Guard. The numerical designations, their composition and the States to which each belongs, are as shown in the table given below: ENGINEERS Unit Division State 101st Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 26th Div. . . . Massachusetts l02nd Engineer Regiment CCombatJ 27th Div. . . . New York l03rd Engineer Regiment CCombatJ 28th Div. . . . Pennsylvania 104th Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 44th Div. . . . New Jersey 105th Engineer Regiment 1CombatJ 30th Div Norh Carolina 106th Engineer Regiment fcombatl 31st Div Miss.-Fla. 107th Engineer Regiment fCombatI 32nd Div Michigan 108th Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 33rd Div. . . . Illinois 109th Engineer Regiment ICombatj 34th Div. . . . South Dakota 110th Engineer Regiment fCombatI 35th Div Missouri lllth Engineer Regiment fcombatj 36th Div Texas 112th Engineer Regiment QCombatJ 37th Div. . . . Ohio 113th Engineer Regiment fCombatj 38th Div. . . . Indiana 115th Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 40th Div. . . . Utah-California 116th Engineer Regiment fCombatj 41st Div. . . . Idaho 118th Engineer Regiment fCombatH 43rd Div. . . . Rhode Island 120th Engineer Regiment CCombatJ 45th Div New Mex.-Okla. 12lst Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 29th Div D.C. 130th Engineers fCombatj .... Insular Pos. . . Puerto Rico l5lsr Engineer Regiment fCombatj GI-IQ . Alabama and moving pictures for purposes of training and for his- torical record. In war, troops of the Signal Corps handle all signal communication at the headquarters of divisons and larger units and at the general headquarters of the whole Army. The Infantry, Cavalry, and Field Artillery in- stall and operate their own signal communication sys- tems in the forward battle areas. In the National Guard there are 1 signal battalion, 18 Infantry division signal companies, 2 radio intelli- gence companies. SIGNAL COMPANY Difvisian . . . .26th Div. .Massachusetts . . . 27th Div. . New York . . . 28th Div. . Pennsylvania . . . 29th Div. . Virginia . . . 3oth Div. . North Carolina . . . 31st Div. . Alabama 32nd Signal Company . . . 32nd Div. . Michigan 33rd Signal Company 34th Signal Company 35th Signal Company 36th Signal Company 37th Signal Company 38th Signal Company 4oth Signal Company 41st Signal Company 43rd Signal Company 44th Signal' Company 26th Signal Company 27th Signal Company 28th Signal Company 29th Signal Company 30th Signal Company 31st Signal Company . . . 33rd Div. . Illinois . . . 34th Div. . South Dakota . Kansas . . . 35th Div. . . . 36th Div, . Texas . . . 37th Div, . Ohio . . . 38th Div. . Indiana . . . 40th Div. . California . . . 41st Div. . Oregon . . . 43rd Div. . Rhode Island . . . 44th Div. . New Jersey 45th Signal Company 1 SIGNAL CORPS . . . . .45th Div. .Oklahoma Unit Difvision State IOISI Signal Battalion . . . Army Troops, ist Army . New York IOISt Radio Intelligence Co. . . . G.H.Q, . . . Pennsylvania Ioznd Radio Intelligence Co. . . G.H.Q. . . . California THE SERVICES The "services" of the Army help the fi ghting arms. THE SIGNAL CORPS The Signal Corps trains the communication men of the Army. The Signal Corps speeds the Army's mes- sages by motorcycle, airplane, homing pigeon, telephone, teletype, telegraph, and radio. It also develops, procures, and supplies signal, meteorological, and photographic equipment for the Armyg and it produces photographs Signal Corps Iineman making telephone connection. These branches relieve the fighting arms from the bur- den of such activities as supply, administration, and hos- pitalization. The Adjutant General's Department as- sists the Army's high commanders in issuing their orders and in the management of the Army's daily business in many important ways. The Inspector General's De- partment is the inspecting service and makes sugges- tions for the improvement of the Army. All legal mat- Signal Company operating Division Message Center. , 4 t . K ' waawr.: s Quariermasfer Regiment obtaining rafion supplies af Division railhead. ters in which the Army is concerned are attended to by the Judge Advocate General's Department. The Quar- termaster Corps obtains and furnishes food, clothing, and equipment of various lcinds. The immense supplies of arms and ammunition needed for national defense are obtained and distributed by the Ordnance Depart- ment and the Chemical Warfare Service. The Medical Department cares for the Army's siclc and wounded and administers its hospitals. The Finance Department pays out and accounts for the funds Congress appropriates to support the Army. The Corps of Chaplains cares for the spiritual and moral needs of the Army. Like the arms, the services each has a chief with headquarters in Washington. These branches are called "services" because they serve the fighting arms. THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT The Adjutant General is charged with the duty of recording, authenticating, and communicating to troops and individuals in the military service of the United States all orders, instructions, and regulations issued by the Secretary of War through the Chief of Staff or otherwise. He arranges and preserves the records of the military establishment in his custody and of all War De- partment administrative business concerning those rec- ords. He has many other important specific duties, such as recruiting, conducting examinations of candidates for admission to the United States Military Academy and issuing their appointments and publishing and distrib- uting War Department Regulations, manuals, and other documents. The Adjutants General of the States and Territories are State officers, responsible directly to the Governors. Most of them also hold Federal commissions in the X iw TXIXJ Army of the United States and thus also belong to the Adjutant General's Department, and perform both Fed- eral and State duties. Their State offices, however, are not branches of the Adjutant General's Office in Wash- ington. In addition to the Adjutants General of the several States and Territories mentioned above, the Headquar- ters of each of the several National Guard Divisions include both officers and enlisted men who are assigned to the Adjutant General's Section of the Division. This personnel performs the administrative duties obtaining in the National Guard Division to which it belongs. THE INSPECTOR GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT The Inspector General's Department is an instrumen- tality placed at the disposal of the Secretary of War to assist him in the administration of the War Department and the Army of the United States. This assistance is furnished by means of periodic inspections and special investigations. The department consisted after June 30, 1939, of The Inspector General, with the ranlc of major general, and 64 commissioned assistants of the grades from major to colonel, all detailed in the department from various arms and services. In the National Guard and Officers' Reserve Corps, inspectors general are de- tailed in a similar manner. Twenty-seven warrant offi- cers are on duty with the Inspector Generalis Depart- ment as assistants to corps area and department inspect- ors general. The department has no regularly assigned enlisted men. The Inspector Generalis Cflice, located in Washing- ton, D. C., operates directly under orders from the Sec- retary of War. Each National Guard Division includes in its Head- quarters an Tnspector's Section to which both officer and enlisted personnel are assigned. The oHicer assigned to this section is lcnown as the Inspector General of the Division. THE JUDGE ADVOCATE 6ENERAL'S DEPARTMENT The Army of the United States has its own system of laws for carrying out military justice. The Army is also affected in many ways by laws that are not purely military. Hence it requires constant expert legal advice on nearly all kinds of law. The judge Advocate Gen- eral's Department is the legali advisory service of the Army. The judge Advocate General is legal adviser to the Secretary of War, the Assistant Secretary of War,,the Chief of Staff, and the chiefs of the iservices, and bureaus of the War Department. He supervises the system of military justice, and in his office the records of all important military trials are reviewed. The Judge Advocate General also attends to the legal side of busi- ness, property, and financial operations which come un- der the Secretary of War, and to legal questions grow- ing out of the status, relations, and activities of the members of the Army. He is also the custodian of most documents which show titles to lands under War Department control. Each staiic judge advocate at the headquarters of a corps area, department, division, or other command, is legal adviser to his commander. His duties correspond generally to those of the Judge Advo- cate General. Each National Guard Division has ofiicer and enlisted personnel assigned to the Judge Advocate's Section of Division Headquarters. This oflicer is usually a lawyer in civil life. He is known as the Judge Advocate of the Division. THE QUARTERMASTER CORPS The three fundamental personal needs of a soldier, as of any other person, are food, clothing, and shelter. The Quartermaster Corps obtains, stores, and distributes supplies, and builds and maintains permanent and temporary housing for all the arms and services. It does not, however, supply weapons and ammunition, and cer- tain other special items. The well varied food that makes up the "ration" of the soldier fthe food for one man for one dayl is of a high grade. His daily meals are well balanced and pre- pared, and contain all the vitamins and calories neces- sary to good health. About 60 per cent of the food used by the Army, mainly staples, is purchased in large lots by Quartermaster depots and distributed to the Army posts from these depots. The other 40 per cent of the food, including fresh meats, eggs, milk, and veg- etables, is bought on contracts made locally by the Quar- termaster purchasing officers at each Army post. Fresh bread is furnished by the bakeries at each post which also make certain kinds of pastry. Pies and cakes, how- Quartermaster issuing rations. TXXJ ever, are usually made by the cooks of the Army in their unit kitchens. Tn the National Guard there are 18 Quartermaster Regiments, one in each of the Guard Infantry divisions. QUAR1'ERMAS'I'TZR CORPS Unit Di'UiJi0I1 Stale toxst Quartermaster Regiment 26th Div. Massachusetts toznd Quartermaster Regiment 27th Div. New York 1o3rd Quartermaster Regiment 28th Div. Pennsylvania 1o4th Quartermaster Regiment 29th Div. Md.-D.C.-Va. 105th Quartermaster Regiment 30th Div. S.C.-N.C.- Tenn.-Ga. 106th Quartermaster Regiment 31st Div. Fla.-Ala.-La: Miss. 1o7th Quartermaster Regiment 32nd Div. . Wisconsin 108th Quartermaster Regiment 33rd Div. . Illinois 1o9th Quartermaster Regiment 34th Div. Iowa-Minn.-S.D. uoth Quartermaster Regiment 35th Div. Nebraska ruth Quartermaster Regiment 36th Div. Texas uzth Quartermaster Regiment 37th Div. Ohio x13th Quartermaster Regiment 38th Div. Ind.-Ky. 115th Quartermaster Regiment 4oth Div. California 116th Quartermaster Regiment 4lSt Div. Wash.-Mont.- Wyo. 118th Quartermaster Regiment 43rd Div. Conn.-Me.- R.I.-Vt. 119th Quartermaster Regiment 44th Div. New jersey rzoth Quartermaster Regiment 45th Div. Okla.-Ariz.- Colo. THE FINANCE DEPARTMENT The Finance Department is charged with disbursing and accounting for the funds appropriated by Congress for the Army. It pays the salaries of all War Depart- ment personnel, military and civilian, and pays the amounts due for all Army purchases. The Finance De- partment also has the important duty of auditing the accounts of Army property farms, equipment, clothing, trucks, animals, etc., kept by the other arms and serv- ices. Whether the Quartermaster Corps buys shoestrings or the Air Corps buys huge bombers, the Finance De- partment makes the payment, insures that the cost is charged against the right congressional appropriation, and sees that all items bought are correctly recorded in a property account and thus placed in the keeping of an accountable oiiicer. The Finance Department disbursing officers also pay to members of the National Guard their armory drill pay. The United States property and disbursing oflicers in each State, who disburse National Guard field train- ing pay, and other funds appropriated by Congress for the National Guard, are not disbursing ofiicers of the Finance Department but are Federal disbursing em- ployees, who are ofiicers of the National Guard, and may hold commissions in the Finance Department of the Army of the United States, although this is not re- quired. Each of the several National Guard Divisions has its own finance personnel. This personnel is assigned to the Finance Section of Division Headquarters. The officer assigned to this Section is known as the Division Finance Ofiicer and as such is responsible for handling all mat- ters relating to the actual payment of the personnel of the command and in the settlement of other accounts. INFANTRYMEN ADVANCING THROUGH SM THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT The Medical Department is the service of the Army that maintains its health, treats its sick, and heals its wounded. Through physical examinations the Medical Department selects for admission to the Army of the Unimed States only those who are in good physical con- dition. It keeps the members of the Army in good physical shape through periodic examinations made for the purpose of discovering all defects early, so that prompt steps can be taken to remedy them and so that the Army's fitness for national defense can always be kept at a high level. It examines all enrollees, gives them protective inocu- lations against certain diseases, supervises sanitation to prevent disease, inspects food and water, furnishes nec- essary medical supplies, and cares for the sick and in- jured. There are sufficient Medical units in the National Guard including medical, dental, and veterinary per- sonnel, to efficiently care for the health and comfort of the personnel of all the units of the National Guard under any and all conditions. MEDICAL BATTALION OKE SCREEN 104th Medical Regiment 29th Div. . Maryland-Va ro5th Medical Regiment goth Div. . Ga.-N.C.-S.C. 106th Medical Regiment 3ISf Div. . Ala.-Fla.-La.-Miss 107th Medical Regiment 32nd Div. Michigan 108th Medical Regiment 33rd Div. Illinois moth Medical Regiment 35th Div. . Nebraska ruth Medical Regiment 36th Div. . Texas uzth Medical Regiment 37th Div. . Ohio 113th Medical Regiment 38th Div. . Ind.-Ky. 115th Medical Regiment 40th Div. . Calif.-Utah 116th Medical Regiment 4ISt Div. . Mont.-Oreg: Wash. 118th Medical Regiment 43rd Div. . Conn.-R.I.-Vt 119th Medical Regiment 44th Div. . New jersey xzoth Medical Regiment 45th Div, . Oklahoma 134th Medical Regiment 135th Medical Regiment 136th Medical Regiment Army Trs., xst Army Army Trs., New York 2nd Army Wisconsin 34th Div. . Iowa Unit Division State I5Ist Medical Battalion CCorpsJ . Corps Tr. . Ohio MEDICAL REGIMENTS Unit Difvision Slate iorst Medical Regiment 26th Div. . Massachusetts roznd Medical Regiment 27th Div. . New York 1o3rd Medical Regiment 28th Div. . Pennsylvania Ordnance small arms repair truck. THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT In war our Army uses large numbers of weapons of all kinds from pistols to huge guns and tanks, and tre- mendous amounts of ammunition for all these tools of war. It is the business of the Ordnance Department to design, obtain, and distribute to the arms and services that use them the weapons and ammunition with which war is fought. The work of improving old weapons and developing new ones, which goes on constantly in time of peace as we prepare for the defense of our country, is another important work done by the Ordnance De- partment. It also takes care of the large stores of fight- ing materials kept on hand in piece and in war, and helps the other arms and services to take proper care of the weapons in their hands. The Ordnance Department, with its large force of technical experts, gives the Army the tools it fights with. In all its work, it cooperates closely with the fighting arms to furnish them the best and most powerful tools of war. The National Guard includes within its organization 18 Ordnance Companies. Thus, it may be seen that the National Guard is complete within itself in that it has sufficient Ordnance personnel within its service units to be self-sustaining upon taking the field and at all other times. TXXIJ We Unit rorst Ordnance Company ioznd Ordnance Company ro3rd Ordnance Company Ordnance Company r.o5th Ordnance Company Io6th Ordnance Company 107th Ordnance Company ro8th Ordnance Company rogth Ordnance Company xroth Ordnance Company ruth Ordnance Company rrzth Ordnance Company lI3th Ordnance Company 1x5th Ordnance Company 116th Ordnance Company 118th Ordnance Company 119th Ordnance Company rzoth Ordnance Company IL in Reveglle, Feeling spuds. Oanxax PR CIC Division 26th Div 27th Div 28th Div 29fll Div goth Div 31st Div. . 32nd Div 33rd Div. . 34th Div 35th Div 36th Div 37th Div. . 38th Div .goth Div 41st Div. . 43rd Div 44th Div 45th Div. . K 9 ,J t Sian' Massachusetts New York Pennsylvania D.C. Tennessee Alabama Michigan Illinois Minnesota Kansas Texas Ohio Kentucky Utah Idaho Rhode Island New Jersey Oklahoma THE CHEMICAL WARFARE SERVICE Chemicals, gases, and smokes are a most powerful means of modern warfare. In the World War chemicals were responsible for one casualty in every four among our American troops. Our Army today must have pro- tection for all its arms and services against the chem- icals an enemy may use. It must also have chemical weapons and units of its own to use in order to wage war on even terms if an enemy uses chemicals against us. The development and supply of smokes, gases, and incendiary materials, and of weapons from which to fire these chemicals, the training of special gas troops, and the protection of the whole Army against any enemyas chemicals-these are the important tasks of the Chem- ical Warfare Service. EPARING TO ENTRUCK QM is N, , if .vt 1 4 MOTORIZED INFANTRY ADVANCES THROUGH WOODED AREA Included in the Headquarters of each of the National Guard Divisions is an officer of the Chemical Warfare Service who is the special chemical adviser to the Di- vision Commander. THE CORPS OF CHAPLAINS The Corps of Chaplains is specially charged with the religious and moral welfare of members of all arms and services. In war, each regiment, brigade, and larger unit has its own chaplain. A chaplain is the adviser and consultant of his com- mander in all matters of public religious observance, and in matters involving morale, morality, and charac- ter building. At the present time one ofhcer of the Corps of Chap- lains is asigned to each National Guard Division. The strength of the National Guard on June 30, 1940, by arm and service, was as shown in the following table: Officers 17.0. Enlisml Tom! Major Generals of the Line . . 20 - - 20 Brigadier Generals of the Line 58 - - 58 Adjutant General's Dept. . . 145 - - 145 Air Corps ....... 482 - 2,340 2,822 Cavalry ...., 789 18 II,888 12,695 Chaplains ..... 230 - - 230 Chemical VVarfare Service 21 - - 21 Coast Artillery Corps . 1,135 26 24,534 25,695 Corps of Engineers . . 507 18 9,834 10,359 Field Artillery . . 3,265 61 46,314 49,640 Finance Dept. . SI - - 51 Infantry . . . 5,330 76 106,831 112,237 ,l.A.G. Dept. . QI - - QI Med. Dept. . 1,572 I5 14,799 16,386 Ord. Dept. . , 88 - 670 758 Q.M. Dept. . . 625 - 5,449 6,074 Signal Corps . . . 152 - 2,883 3,035 State Detachment . - - 1,295 1,295 Total ....... 14,561 214 226,837 241,612 Inactive National Guard , . 752 - 19,745 20,497 By virtue of the authority conferred upon him by Public Resolution, No. 96, 76th Congress, approved August 27, 1940, and the National Defense Act of June 3, 1916, as amended G9 Stat. 1661, the President of the United States, as Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, ordered into the active military service of the United States, effective September 16, 1940, the first units of the National Guard of the United States to serve in the active mil- itary service of the United States for a period of 12 consecutive months, unless sooner relieved. National Guard Divisions thus ordered or to be or- dered into the active military service of the United States are as follows: SEPTEMBER 16, 1940 Both Division fNorth Carolina, Tennessee, South Carolina, and Georgial, Fort Jackson, South Carolina. 41st Division fWashington, Oregon, Wyoming, Mon- tana, and Idahol , Fort Lewis, Washington. 44th Division fNew York and New Jerseyl, Fort Dix, New Jersey. 45th Division fOklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona, Coloradol, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. OCTOBER 15, 1940 27th Division fNew Yorkl, Fort McClellan, Ala- bama. 32nd Division flVlichigan, Wisconsinl, Livingston, Louisiana. 37th Division fOhiol , Camp Shelby, Mississippi. NOVEMBER 25, 1940 31st Division fljlorida, Alabama, Mississippi, and Louisianal , Camp Blancling, Florida. IXXHI1 , 7 36th Division fTexasl, Camp Bowie, Texas. JANUARY 3-MARCH 3, 1941 26th Division fMassachusettsl , Camp Edwards, Mas- sachusetts. 28th Division fPennsylvanial , Indiantown Gap, Mil- itary Reservation, Pennsylvania. 29th Division fVirginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania, and District of Columbiaj , Fort Meade, Maryland. 33rd Division flllinoisl , Camp Forrest, Tennessee. 34th Division fNorth Dakota, South Dakota, Minn- esota, Iowaj, Camp Claiborne, Louisiana. 35th Division fKansas, Missouri, Nebraskal, Camp Robinson, Arkansas. 38th Division flndiana, Kentucky, West Virginiaj, Camp Shelby, Mississippi. 40th Division fCalifornia, Utahl, Camp San Luis Obispo, California. 43rd Division fMaine, Vermont, Connecticut, Rhode Islandj , Camp Blanding, Florida. This does not include the many other National Guard units already ordered or to be ordered into active mil- itary service of the United States and which are not a part of the numbered divisions shown above. The training of the National Guard units thus or- dered into active military service of the United States will be carried out in training centers scattered through- out the United States. THE REGULAR ARMY The Regular Army is the professional component of the Army of the United States. The principal duties of the Regular Army are to garrison our outlying posts, a responsibility which requires a permanent establishment, to provide the permanent overhead for the whole of the Army of the United States, to maintain a military edu- cational system for its own personnel and for the per- sonnel of other components of our defense forces, to furnish instructors for the National Guard and the Or- ganized Reserves, to conduct civilian training activities, such as the Reserve Ofiicers' Training Corps, and to be at all times available for immediate employment in the Held. The regiments of the Regular Army have numbers between 1 and 100. Regular Army divisions have num- bers between 1 and 25. There are, in time of peace, many blank numbers which would be given to regiments and divisions if a war caused the Army to be enlarged. THE ORGANIZED RESERVES The Organized Reserves form one of the major com- ponents of the Army of the United States. They con- sist of units allocated locally for wartime mobilization, which in a national emergency will be filled with per- sonnel of the Army of the United States from various sources. In time of peace, personnel of the Regular Army, the Ofiicers' Reserve Corps, and the Enlisted Re- serve Corps are given assignments to units of the Organ- ized Reserves. The Officers, Reserve Corps consists of citizens of the United States who receive military training through military correspondence courses, periodic attendance at meetings conducted for their instruction, and occasional periods of active duty at military camps or maneuvers, and who are prepared through such training to take up their military duties in the Army of the United States in the event of a national emergency. The Officers' Reserve Corps is the largest body of potential wartime officers in the military forces of the country. In time of peace, its members hold commissions in the various arms and services of the Army of the United States as Reserve Officers. SUMMARY The three components of the Army of the United States-the Regular Army, the National Guard, and the Organized Reserves-form, in time of peace, an efficient framework capable of rapid expansion if a new war should come. On June 30, 1940, the active mem- bers of the three components were as follows: Commis- sioned Warrant Enlisted Oyficers Officers Men Total Regular Army . . . 13,831 763 249,411 264,035 National Guard . . . 14,561 2I4 226,837 241,612 Organized Reserves . 116,636 - 3,233 119,869 Total .................. 625,516 All three components have an essential part in our system of national defense, and all three are thoroughly representative of our country and its traditions of lib- erty and democracy. IXXIVI 55TH FIELD AHTILLEHY HHIUMIE 3llTH INFANTHY HIVISIIIN if SUN, SOUTH I3 1 9 41 l151 HEADQUARTERS 55TH FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE Office of lhe Commanding General FORT JACKSON. S. C. Soldiers ol lhe 55lh Field Arlillery Brigade: You lollow lhe palhway laid oul lor you by your lorelalhers who lounded and developed lhis nalion. Peace-loving men, in lime ol public need and nalional danger, you have laid aside your privale lives and enlered lhe mililary service ol your counlry. This change in your lives has nol been wilhoul dillicullies. You have endured discomlorls and hardships. You have belly-ached as has al- ways been lhe privilege ol good soldiers since lhe beginning ol lime. Bul always you have done a good iob, lreely and cheerlully. Your service has broughl you inlo lhe world-wide lralernily ol sol- diers. You have been loo busy lo appreciale lhis lralernily bul lhe passing years will bring ils value lo you. As lime passes. lhe small irrilalions and pleasures will be lorgollen and you will cherish lhe memories ol lriendships lormed, dillicullies overcome and hardships endured. Your Division and Brigade has wrillen a glorious page in lhe hislory ol lhis counlry. Your conducl, your work, your spiril and your en- lhusiasm guaranlee lhal lhe page lhal you are wriling will add lo our besl lradilions. X Brigadier General, Commanding. l26l GUIIFIIEY CIIESHIBE Commanding 55+h Field Ariillery Brigade Brigadier General Cheshire was born in Charlo'He, Norlh Carolina January ZI, I893. AHended Sewanee Milifary Academy, Tennes see, l908-I9I0g Universify of ihe Souih, Tennessee, I9l0-I9I3 Anii-Aircrafi Prfillery School, Forfress Monroe, Virginia, l9I7-l9l8 Was appoinfed Second Lieuienani, Coasf Arfillery Corps, Na fional Guard of Norih Carolina, January 7, I9l6g Firsf Lieufenanf, Augusf I, I9l6, fo March 25, I9l9: American Expedifionary Forces, E271 l9I8-I9l9. Was Capfain, Field Arfillery, Seplember 26, l92I, II3+h Field Arfillery, Norfh Carolina Nalional Guard: Maior, Field June 9, I923: Lieufenanl' Colonel, Field Arfillery, March Colonel, Field Arfillery, December 2, I932, Commanding lI3fh Field Arfillery: Brigadier General, 55fh Field Arlillery May I0, I94l, which commission he now holds. Arlillery, 4, l924: Officer, Brigade, "SEE ,www r WILLIAM 6. TALIAFERRO JAMES F. GLASS FREDERICK C. SHEPARD Lieufenanf Colonel Maior Maier Execufive Officer Adiufanf Pians and Training Officer BBIGIIDE STAFF Fix 'Navi M., "' e HARRY C. A. HOEGEMANN DuPONT G. KINNEY WILLIAM H. SAUSSY FRANK W. WHELESS Capfain Capfain Capfain Capfain Aide Communicafions Officer and Commanding Infelligence Officer Assisfanf Plans and Training Officer, Headquarfers Baffery Officer WAYNARD W. HICKOX JOHN A. PURVIS JAMES B. EURE Firsf Lieufenanf Firsf Lieufenan? Second Lieufenanf Assisfanf lnfelligence Officer Supply Officer Assisfanf Communicafions Officer 0 wma 'Mao ypgglwwvbf- NWN. 7fze55ifzfS'fua7aJe IN I-HCTIUN fndiqnia ARTILLERY BRIGADE yilwfl ere ee p .. .... .... Q6 . 1 ..... QWYQBQW BLAZONRY Badge Approved June 5, I929. On an ocragon gules The cresf for The Nahonal Guard of +I1e Srafe of Georgia proper -iwm ,-Mug N Y ,N Presidcnl' Roosevelf inspecTs The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade on his Tour of ForT Jackson, April, l94l. Seen wiTh The Presidenf in his car are SouTh Carolina's Governor Maybank, General Shedd, commanding officer of The FirsT Army Corps, and Gen- eral Russell, commanding officer of ForT Jackson and 3OTh Division, STanding beside The car is LieuTenanT Colonel Willis, commanding officer of The ll3Th Field Arfillery. To The righT is The 55Th Field ArTillerv Brigade sTafT, reading Trom leff To righl: Colonel ShefTall Coleman, acTing commander of The Brigade, LieuTenanT Colonel Babcock, LieuTenanT Colonel Hllllllll lll lllllllllll The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade, organized in The summer oT l9l7 Tor parTicipaTion in The World War, was originally composed OT Troops Trom The STaTes OT Tennessee, NorTh Carolina and SouTh Carolina, laTer including Troops Trom The STaTe of Georgia. lTs organizaTion was TirsT assembled aT Camp Sevier, Greenville, SouTh Carolina. The Brigade was made up of The ll3Th Field ArTillery lgenerally known as The FirsT NorTh Carolina Field ArTillery RegimenTl, commanded by Colonel AlberT L. Cox: The lI4Th Field ArTillery lgen- eraly known as The FirsT Tennessee Field ArTilleryl, com- manded by Colonel Luke Lea: and The I l5Th Field ArTil- lery lgenerally known as The FirsT Tennessee lnTanTryl, commanded by Colonel l-larry S. Berry. ATTer exTensive Training under command oT Brigadier General George G. GaTley, The Brigade, which had been fl!!! aTTached To The 3OTh Division, landed in England in June, l9l8, crossing The channel To l-lavre, France, on June I2 and I3. In July, General GaTley was succeeded by Brigadier General James A. ShipTon, who was in Turn succeeded by Brigadier General AlberT S. Fleming in OcTober, l9l8. On OcTober 8, I9l8, Brigadier General John W. KilbreTh, Jr., was placed in command. The Brigade, conTinually on The Tiring line Trom Au- gusT 27, l9I8, unTil The ArmisTice, excepTing Tor Il days when iT was marching Trom secTor To secTor, supporTed in various engagemenTs The 89Th Division, FourTh Corps. The Second French Army, The 37Th Division, The 32nd Division, The 79Th Division and The 33rd Division. lT Took parT in The Toul SecTor, AugusT 25-SepTember Il, I9l8, as well as oTher engagemenTs. lT wenT Through The ST. lvlihiel drive, marched across The weary kilc- meTers To The Argonne, Taking an auspicious parT in This, The greaTesT OT all greaT baTTles oT The world. The Brigade was praised by General Pershing, General Lewis and oThers, and has The disTincTion oT having served in all oT The American Armies, FirsT, Second, and Third. On The reTurn To The UniTed STaTes The Brigade was reorganized. The ll6Th Field ArTillery, The lI8Th Field ArTillery and The 6lsT Field ArTillery were consolidaTed inTo The Il8Th Field Arfillery, commanded by Colonel RoberT J. Travis: and The RegimenT was added To The reorganized Brigade. Colonel Travis succeeded General KilbreTh as Brigadier General in command. General Travis had aTTended numerous miliTary schools and was graduaTed Trom The Command and General STaTT School, NaTional Guard OTTicers' Course, in I924, and Trom The Command Course, Army War College, in l926, l-le was The only NaTional Guard oTTicer ever permiTTed To Take This course. lT was General Travis who oTTered The original resolu- Tion in Louisville, KenTuclcy, and conducTed The TighT in Congress ThaT led To The creaTion oT The NaTional Guard oT The UniTed STaTes as a componenT oT The Army oT The UniTed STaTes. ln T932 he was presidenT oT The Na- Tional Guard AssociaTion, and had The honor OT dedicaT- ing The NaTional Guard Memorial in France. T-le holds The Commanders Cross oT Poland. Brigadier General GodTrey Cheshire, oT Raleigh, NorTh Carolina, succeeded General Travis in command oT The Brigade in January, l94I, due To General Travis having reached The reTiremenT age oT 64. THE 55TH FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE l-lere's To Their memory-here's To Their good luclc On Trom The General down To The Buclc. On Trom Sevier To The lasT hills oT France, Holding Their drive Through The Tinal advance: ST. Tvlihiel lcnew Them-and when They were done On To The Argonne wiTh cassion and gun. Talcing each highway ThaT led To The Hun! Slogging along Through The mud and Tlame, On To The Tinish sTill playing The game. Playing The game as The game should be played, l-lere's To The 55Th F. A. Brigade. Bllllll Hllllll TITTTITS W' ai 1 Q mv .1 ' .l - ns-M E - as - 1 .A was I3 llleading Trom LeTT To RighTl FirsT Row: lvlasTer SergeanTs Dug- gar, Charles T-l.: Ellis, Ted E.: Rock- well, John T.: FirsT SergeanT King, Fred A.: Technical SergeanT l-loynes, Ward M.: STaTT SergeanT Baker, Wil- liam A. Second Row: STaTT SergeanTs Davis, T-lomer E.: l-loynes, James W.: STanTord, Lycurgus L.: SergeanTs Bailey, John A.: Byers, Dougan W.: FounTain, Andrew A. Third Row: SergeanTs l'lasTings, MilTon: MarTin, Joseph G.: Powers, WrighT C.: PriTchard, Charles R.: 1 Corporals Fares, Howard H.: King, Edward P. FourTh Row: Corporals KnighT, Joseph B.: Mclvlanus, Myles lvl.: Mc- Teer, Webb l-T.: Walsh, Thomas J.: Wickham, Thomas C. HEADQUARTERS BATTERY lReading from Leif +o Righll Firsi' Row: Privales Eirsl Class Bishop, James D.: Brinson, Eranlc N.: Connolly, James J.: Deal, James D.: Eason, Ridge B.: Eason, William F. Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Ellis, John D.: Freeman, John l-l.: Eullon, Jasper E.: Garriclc, Arnedee T.: Gibson, Joseph G.: l-lill, l-lugh L. Third Row: Privales Eirsr Class Hull, Richard M.: l-lursl, Grady: Ing, lesby, Joseph E.: Land, John D.: Mayo, Joseph P.: Pevey, Roberr B. Four+h Row: Privales Eirsl Class Porler, William E.: Srripling, Mack D.: Tison, Lawlon M.: Williams, Gor- don B.: Wrighl, William A.: Priyale Alderman, Beniamin E. Fif+h Row: Privales Bennelf, Wilf liam E.: Blunt, Chrisropher A.: Cenf fer, Eredericlc L.: Cloud, John W.: Daughlry, Fred W.: Freeman, Lea- man E. Six'rh Row: Privales Garner, Leone ard G.: Hadsoclc, Lurher: l-lanson, Beniamin L.: l-larrelson, l-lanls C.: Helmey, Harley l-l.: l'lenry, Roy A. Sevenlh Row: Privares Jackson, John R., Jr.: Kiclclighler, Spreuff J.: Knighr, l-lershel E.: Loehner, Bruno G.: Malhis, Earnesl J.: Mayo, George W. Eigh+h Row: Privales Mosley, Clay- +on D.: Mosley, James O.: Mulligan, Joseph A.: Pallerson, William J.: Paulsen, l-larold: Qualllebaum, John E. Nin+h Row: Privales Quaillebaum, Manning L.: Reddiclc, Millon R.: Slrong, Joseph C.: Tillman, Paul E.: Tomlinson, Earl U.: Wa+ers, Marion B. Ten+h Row: Privales Walers, Thomas A.: Walson, Cody U.: Welhe eringlon, Thomas L.: Yeomans, George W.: Yournans, Benjamin E. T321 IIHTH FIELD AHTILLEHY 3uTH1NmNTHYn1v1s1uN ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES ir Pom JAEHSUN, SUUTH EAHULINA 1 9 41 HIIIIIIIIIHIIIIHS, IIHIH IIIIII HIIIIIIIIII FORT JACKSON. SOUTH CAROLINA ir AugusT I3, I94I. SBC-rIr TO: The OTTicers and EnIisTed Men OT The I I8Th. The hisTOry OT Our RegimenT speaks TOr iTseIT. IT is a record OT service. We are in The midsT OT a sTrenuOus crisis, and The respOnsibiIiTy OT carrying On The TradiTiOns esTabIished by Our predecessors resTs on Our shOuIders. I-Iowever, I have cOr1Tidence in The IOyaITy, abiIiTy, and wiIIing- ness OT every OTTicer and enIisTed man TO wOrIc TO surpass The sTandards OT eTTiciency seT beTOre iT. TO each member OT Our ReqirrienT, I hOpe ThaT God will bIess yOu and Qwgfwfff guide yOu aII The way. T341 f Q 1 is ggi? V if VM, A 1 l Galena! Commanding ll8th Field Artillery Colonel Coleman was born in Savannah, Georgia, on October 6, l889. He attended common schools in Chatham County and was graduated from Savannah High School in l906. He was graduated from Oglethorpe Business College in l9I2. Colonel Coleman started his military career as a Private in Company M, Georgia Infantry, known as the Republican Blues, February, I908, and held the rank of Private, Corporal and Sergeant in this Company until June 23, l9I6. He was commissioned Second Lieutenant in Company M, First Infantry, Georgia National Guard, June 24, l9l6, when he was called into Federal service. He served in Federal service as Second Lieutenant, Infantry, from July 25, l9l6, to November I3, l9l7, at which time he was l35l promoted to First Lieutenant, holding this commission until April 30, l9l9, when he was discharged upon demobilization. Upon reorganization of the Field Artillery, after the World War, he was commissioned a Captain in Headquarters Company, First Field Ar- tillery, Georgia National Guard, April II, I92I. He was appointed Maior and placed in command of the First Battalion, lI8th Field Artillery, May I4, l926, being promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and assigned to duty as Executive Officer, ll8th Field Artillery, July IS, l929. Upon the retirement ot Colonel Walter R, Neal, he was promoted to Colonel, llBth Field Artillery, May 30, l93l, which assignment he now holds. M' RICHARD H. MAYER JOHN W. BLAKE JOSEPH H. SAUERS Lieulenanr Colonel Maier Maier Executive Officer Adiufanf S-3 lllllllll Ill Sllll HAYGOOD S. BOWDEN ALVA R. SMITH JOHN S. WILDER JOHN L. MORRISON Capfain Caplain Caplain CGPIBIF1 S-3 5.2 Chaplain Personnel Adiufanl iff I"f"'1f"f 1 X E361 fnfiignia Il8TH FIELD ARTILL ll 9 Gscif Qregler BLAZON RY SHIELD: GuIes, a saIIire gray fimbriaied or, in chief a Iion passanf guardani, in base a fIeur-de-Iis of 'the Iasf. CREST: Thai for Regimenfs of Georgia Nafional Guard: On a wrea+h of Ihe colors Ior and guIesI a boar's head erased guIes, in +he mou+h and oak branch. MOTTO: Nescii cedere IHe Icnows no surrenderi. DESCRIPTION The shield is red for ArInIIery. The Iion and Ihe fleur-de-Iis denore service in The Revolufionary War and The World War, re- specfively, and I'I1E gray salfire IX crossI represenfs Cnvii War service as Confedera+e Troops. I37I E HISIIIIII Ill IIII IIIIIH IIIIII IIIITIIIIIII The sTory OT The II8Th Field ArTiIIery RegimenT is The hisTory OT one OT The mosT ancienT and honorable mili- Tary organizaTions in The UniTed STaTes, Tor while The Tale oTTicially begins in l757, The RegimenT claims creaTion wiTh Colonial Georgia, more Than Two decades earlier. While only The The UniTed STaTes War DeparTmenT recognizes daTe OT I757, a Ioolc inTo The MiIiTia OT earIiesT Georgia, and The connecTion beTween Those early days lI8Th Field ArTiIlery RegimenT is worThwhile. was colonized as a company, raTher Than as a and The Georgia Royal Colony. COnsequenTly, all men senT To colonize The TerriTory were Trained in arms, and bore The TiTle "IvIiliTia." For many, many years The colony deTended iTselT wiThouT aid OT soldiers OT The King OT England. I-Ience, This claim OT The I l8Th Field ArTillery To creaTion in I732: "I. ThaT by IvIiliTia is meanT civilians who are required To be armed, and who are required To do guard or oTher miliTary duTy, and who are noT members OT The regular miliTary esTablishmenT. "2. ThaT The Savannah or ChaTham COunTy RegimenT includes all The miliTia OT a speciTied area, ChaTham CounTy, and noT a collecTion OT parTicular uniTs which each have conTinuous exisTence. "3. ThaT every Treeholder in Georgia was liable Tor duTy wiThouT pay, hence were miliTia." CreaTed as a buTTer beTween The English colonies in The Carolinas and The Spaniards in Florida, Georgia had To be ever ready Tor war. When The colonisTs leTT Eng- land They were given "a waisTcOaT, and a musgueT and bayoneT." The colony survived despiTe consTanT ThreaT, and iTs liTe is owed largely To These sTalwarT IvIiliTiamen. ThaT a large parT OT The IvIiliTia undoubTedly Tormed parT OT Georgia's ConTinenTal Armies is easy To believe alThough imporTanT records have been losT. IT is also reasonable To believe ThaT when Savannah was evacuaTed The IvIiliTia was capTured or dispersed, Tor They Tormed a large sec- Tion OT The garrison deTending The ciTy in I779. One OT The TirsT acTs OT The Council OT SaTeTy aTTer iTs OrganizaTion was, in I775, To issue commissions To The oTTicers commanding local companies OT IvIiliTia. The II8Th Field ArTiIlery is a direcT descendanT OT Colonial IvIiliTia OT ChaTham CounTy, and OT The ChaTham C.ounTy RegimenT, which succeeded The Colonial uniTs. The ChaTham ArTillery was Tormally organized in T786 by CapTain Edward Lloyd, who IosT an arm aT The siege OT Savannah in I779. Thomas ElTe was his chieT Lieu- TenanT, and The second commander OT The ChaTham Ar- Tillery. l38QI AlmosT immediaTely aTTer OrganizaTion, The ChaTham BaTTery Tired The Tuneral saluTe Tor General NaThaniel Greene. The nexT year, The baTTery enTered iTs TirsT recorded acTion in Ivlay, I787, when wiTh The FirsT RegimenT OT ChaTham C.ounTy and Troops Trom SouTh Carolina, iT aTTaclced The camp OT runaway Negroes and TreebooTers, who called Themselves "soldiers OT The King OT England," and who had esTablished a Tormidable sTronghold on Bear's Creek, ETTingham CounTy. The compleTe arma- menT OT The BaTTery cOnsisTed OT Two Tour-pound guns, buT They acguiTTed Themselves wiTh valor. Upon The celebraTion OT American Independence, July 4, 1786, The I3 regular ToasTs were responded To by The cannon OT CapTain Lloyd's BaTTery. This was in The day when ArTillerymen noT only were schooled in The acTuaI operaTion OT Tield pieces, buT devoTed much Time To sTudy OT The manuTacTure OT arms and muniTions. CapTain Thomas ElTe, sTalwarT LieuTenanT OT CapTain Lloyd, was The second To command The ChaTham ArTil- lery. IT was during his command ThaT General George WashingTon visiTed Savannah, and was saluTed by The roaring guns OT The BaTTery. Through General James Jaclcson, George WashingTon issued The Tollowing order: "IT was a pleasure To The General To announce To The ArTilIery The very general applause They received SaTur- day, and, whaT oughT To immorTalize The corps, The apro- baTion OT Their conducT expressed in warmesT Terms by The Commander in ChieT OT The UniTed STaTes. The General hopes ThaT This characTer, so Tirmly esTablished, will long conTinue Then as an ornamenT To The IvIiIiTia and an honor To The STaTe OT Georgia." ShorTly aTTer his deparTure, General WashingTOn pre- senTed The BaTTery wiTh Two six-pound guns, which are Today cherished as relics by The ChaTham ArTillery, parT OT The I l8Th Field ArTillery. For some Time The RegimenT was under The command OT Josiah TaTnalI, Jr., honored in The annals OT Georgia as a sTaTesman and miliTary leader. Colonel TaTnalI was desTined To become Brigadier General OT The FirsT Bri- gade OT The FirsT Division, Georgia IvIiliTiag a member OT The STaTe LegislaTureg UniTed STaTes SenaTor, and Tinally Governor OT Georgia. Colonel TaTnaIl was succeeded in I794 by CapTain James RoberTsOn, who, wiTh a deTachmenT OT only 29 men, saw service and guard duTy in The Creek Indian uprising. I-Ie was Tollowed by CapTain Benjamin Wall, who was in Turn succeeded by CapTain Richard lvl. STiTes, son OT a CapTain OT ArTillery in The ConTinenTaI Army. ChaTham ArTillery, under The command OT CapTain RoberT IvIcKey, was musTered inTo Federal service and a deTachmenT Tormed parT oT The garrison aT ForT Jackson. OTher members oT The BaTTery aided in The consTrucTion OT TorTiTicaTions Tor The deTense oT Savannah, when The enemy, under Cockburn, was ThreaTening The CoasT. There now began a series oT years oT sTeady growTh boTh in manpower and in equipmenT. The BaTTery volun- Teered Tor service in I835 Tor baTTle againsT The Indians in Florida, buT only The Phoenix RiTlemen were accepTed: in I837, Tor service againsT The Cherokees, and in I845, Tor The Mexican War, buT only The Irish Jasper Greens were accepTed as a uniT and wenT To The border, buT noT inTo Mexico. In February, I853, The WashingTon Legion was Tormed by volunTary associaTion oT The ChaTham ArTillery, The Republican Blues and The Savannah VolunTeer Guards. The Honorable John E. Ward, lawyer, advocaTe, General- Assemblyman and dipIomaT, was The ThirTeenTh com- mander oT The ChaTham ArTillery. On May I, I86I, The ChaTham ArTillery was 75 years old. On This day, on behaIT oT The wives oT commissioned and non-commissioned oTTicers oT The RegimenT, Lieu- TenanT Julian I-IarTridge presenTed The BaTTery wiTh a ConTederaTe Tlag. The BaTTery, under CapTain Joseph S. Claghorn, was loyal To The SouTh wiTh The ouTbreak oT The War BeTween The STaTes, and on January 3, I86I, along wiTh The Savannah Screven, and The OgleThorpe LighT lnTanTry, under CapTain BarTow, and all Three uniTs under The command oT Colonel LawTon, sailed down The Savannah River in a TugboaT and Took possession oT ForT Pulaski. Called inTo ConTederaTe service on July 2I, I86I, The BaTTery became a lighT baTTery, and in SepTember moved Trom ForT Jackson To The Isle oT I-Iope. In Ivlay, I862, The BaTTery was reorganized, wiTh CapTain Clagburn re- eIecTed Commander. On June 8, I862, The BaTTery, including one Blakely riTle, which Tired a I2-pound proiecTiIe, and a I2-pound I'-IowiTzer, under LieuTenanT Askew, was deTailed Tor serv- ice aT Janes Island, SouTh Carolina, and was idenTiTied wiTh The repulse oT Federal Torces in The charge on BaT- Tery Lamar. ATTer Seven Pines, The BaTTery reguesTed service wiTh General LawTon, who wiTh The 3OTh, 26Th, 3IsT, 38Th, 6OTh and 6IsT Georgia RegimenTs, was senT To The Army oT Virginia. The requesT was reiecTed, and The BaTTery remained in CoasT DeTense service. In February, I863, one secTion under LieuTenanT WhiTehead and a second under LieuTenanT Askew, ToughT oTT an assaulT by a Fed- eral gunboaT on ForT IvIcAIIisTer. On May 9, following The BaTTery Tormed a BaTTalion wiTh The Terrell ArTillery, wiTh Ivlaior E. G. Dawson Commanding. This BaTTaIion was shorT-lived, however, Tor iT ended on June 9, when Ivlaior Dawson resigned because oT ill healTh. If39fI One monTh IaTer The BaTTery wenT To Janes Island as a parT oT The deTense againsT Federal movemenT Toward CharlesTon. Here They broke a Federal gunboaT assaulT in The STone River, and ToughT unTil The evacuaTion oT CharlesTon. The BaTTery wenT To Florida in I864, when Federal Torces landed in Jacksonville, and aTTempTed To break Florida's loyalTy To The SouTh. AT OlusTee, near Lake CiTy, Florida, The BaTTery Took such an imporTanT parT ThaT They were given Tour capTured guns in place oT Their old guns. Superior Federal numbers, however, Torced reTiremenT Trom This Tield. The BaTTery reTurned To Janes Island, where iT was sTaTioned unTil called inTo acTion as a parT oT The aTTempT To break Sherman's march. IT ToughT bravely buT vainly unTil The surrender OT Greens- boro, and began iTs weary Trek home on Ivlay 3, I865. ReTurning To The hisTory oT The RegimenT as a whole, in I79O, an oTTiciaI Brigade order appoinTing a Board oT OTTicers To recommend candidaTes Tor commissions con- Tained The names oT CapTain Lloyd and LieuTenanT Elfe. In I79I The RegimenT parTicipaTed in The welcome To General WashingTon, and in I793 The ChaTham ArTillery ToughT Indians in LiberTy CounTy. In I802 The same baTTery welcomed Vice-PresidenT Aaron Burr, and The Savannah VolunTeer Guards Tormed a parT oT his escorT. The Republican Blues were organized as a RiTIe Club in ISO9, and ioined The RegimenT six years aTTer The Savannah VolunTeer Guards. During The War oT I8I2, The C.haTham ArTillery Tormed parT oT The garrison aT ForT Jackson, and Took parT in deTense preparaTions aT Savannah. The Savannah Volun- Teer Guards and The Republican Blues served TirsT in EasT Florida, and Then helped The deTenses oT Savannah. The only uniT oT The RegimenT To see service in I836 was The Phoenix RiTles, which no longer exisTs, and who in ThaT year Took an acTive parT in The Creek Indian War. A CapTain and a LieuTenanT oT The ChaTham ArTillery, however, volunTeered Tor service and Took Two Tield pieces To The deTense oT PicoIaTa, Florida. In I842, The Irish Jasper Greens were organized as an InTanTry Company, and Two years Ia+er The RegimenT Trained in camp wiTh The Ivlacon uniTs. In I846, The German VolunTeers Tormed under The command oT CapTain J. I-I. STegin, who came To This counTry because he resenTed enTorced miIiTary service in his naTive Germany. CapTain STegin's acTion in Torm- ing his Company oT VolunTeers was because he TeIT duTy bound To Take a parT in The rapidly approaching Trouble wiTh Mexico. IT had been his inTenTion To Tigh+ on The Tields beyond The souThern border, buT This honor Tell To The Jasper Greens, named Tor SergeanT William Jasper, oT RevoluTionary War Tame. The Greens possess The Silver Band Tor disTinguished service in The War wiTh Mexico. During The Civil War various uniTs oT The RegimenT, which was again spliT, Tool: parT in The capTure oT ForT Pulaslci and in iTs subsequenT deTense, The deTense OT ForT McAllisTer, The deTense oT Savannah and The Geor- gia coasT, The deTense OT CharlesTon, The FirsT BaTTle OT Manassas, The BaTTle oT Ocean Pond lOlusTeej, The de- Tense againsT Sherman Trom ATlanTa Through Georgia and SauTh Carolina, The baTTle oT Sailors' Creelc and oThers. The Savannah CadeTs became Company A oT The Eiqh+h Georgia, C. S. A. The ChaTham ArTillery became WheaTon's BaTTery. The oTher uniTs became The lndependenT VolunTeer RegimenT oT ChaTham CounTy. All uniTs oT The RegimenT Then exisTanT saw service wiTh ConTederaTe Armies during The War BeTween The STaTes, and upon The surrender aT AppomaTox, reTurned To Their homes buT lcepT Their organizaTions alive as social organizaTions, meeTing aT leasT once a year. The ChaTham ArTillery was reorganized as an inde- pendenT BaTTery oT ArTillery in l872, while The Savannah VolunTeer Guards became an independenT BaTTalion oT lnTanTry. All oTher uniTs oT The RegimenT were aTTached To The FirsT VolunTeer RegimenT oT Georgia. The German VolunTeers, as Company K, Third Georgia lnTanTry, saw service in C.uba during The Spanish-Ameri- can War oT l898. The ChaTham ArTillery was musTered inTo service as a LighT BaTTery oT UniTed STaTes Volun- Teers. The Republican Blues, The Jasper Greens and The Savannah CadeTs were musTered as FirsT Georgia ln- TanTry, while The Savannah VolunTeer Guard became The Second BaTTalion, Second lnTanTry, UniTed STaTes Volun- Teers. The German VolunTeers, however, were The only men oT The RegimenT To serve in Cuba. The Savannah VolunTeer Guards were deTached Trom The RegimenT oT Georgia STaTe Troops To Torm The FirsT BaTTalion oT Heavy ArTillery in l900. ln l9l3 The ChaT- ham ArTillery expanded To Torm BaTTalion HeadquarTers BaTTery, A and C, oT The FirsT BaTTalion, NaTional Guard oT Georgia. T40 LeTT are shown members of The ll8Th Field ArTillery Basl:eTball Team who wallrecl ofT wiTh honors in 34 of The 38 games They parTicipaTed in during The I939-40 season. ln adcliTion To Turning bacl: Top TlighT inclependenT Teams, The quinTeT above maTched The besT Teams The ciTy of Columbia, SouTh Carolina, had To offer and came home wiTh The CiTy Basl:eTball Ti+le and 24-inch Trophy. In The picTure are: lluneelingl Melvin Kiley, Henry "Ace" HaThaway, Craig Palmer, Bill Palmer and RoberT McLaughlin. lSTanclingl "Deke" Parsons, assisTanT man- agerg Joe Mell, Henry Meyers, Carl Walker, Harry De- mosThenes, and CapTain H. S. Bowden, coach. Ed Palmer, anoTher player, and Thomas CoTTey, man- ager, were absenT when The picTure was made. y if All uniTs oT The RegimenT were called To Federal service and served on The Mexican Border in l9l6, excepT The Savannah VolunTeer Guards. WiTh The declaraTion oT war againsT Germany in l9l7, This uniT was called inTo service as a CoasT DeTense uniT, and was laTer aTTached To The 6lsT Division and saw service in France. The FirsT lnTanTry RegimenT, Georgia NaTional Guard, less Companies A, B, C, D, F, G, and M, served during The war as BaTTeries oT The ll8Th Field ArTillery, while The ChaTham ArTillery was spliT and became parT oT The ll6Th Field ArTillery and The Il7Th Field ArTillery Regi- menT, serving in France as HeadquarTers BaTTery and BaTTery E and A. WiTh The overseas service behind Them, in l92l The ChaTham ArTillery was reorganized as Second BaTTalion HeadguarTers BaTTery, HeadguarTers BaTTery, BaTTery A and C oT The FirsT Georgia Field ArTillery, while The Savannah VolunTeer Guards BaTTalion became The FirsT BaTTalion, FirsT Georgia Field ArTillery. The Companies oT The old FirsT RegimenT oT lnTanTry became BaTTeries in The FirsT Georgia Field ArTillery. On April 27, l922, The FirsT Georgia Field ArTillery was redesignaTed as The ll8Th Field ArTillery. On April 27, l925, BaTTery A oT The ChaTham ArTillery was de- Tached Trom The ll8Th Field ArTillery, and redesignaTed as HeadquarTers BaTTery, 55Th Brigade. On The same daTe, The Burlce VolunTeers, oT Waynesboro, replaced BaTTery A wiTh The RegimenT. The RegimenT was inducTed inTo Federal service on SepTember I6, l94O, wiTh Colonel SheTTall B. Coleman in command, and The Tollowing sTaTT: l.ieuTenanT Colonel C. W. Robeson, CapTain J. C. HesTer, LieuTenanT J. W. BlunT, CapTain J. T. Morris and l.ieuTenanT GeverT Simp- lcins. The presenT sTaTT includes: l.ieuTenanT Colonel R. H. Mayer, Maior J. W. Blalce, Maior J. H. Savers, Cap- Tain H. S. Bowden, CapTain A. R. SmiTh and CapTain J. L. Morrison. J IIBTH IN ACTION H11 , ' v W 'fm 15,.s2gxf, fa 5 75-MM. GUN IN RECOIL neuvers. w on ma General chasm re ' - Qwes rnsfrucf. The -31.1-nm. 9 n maneuvers. WEHPO 37-MM. GUN AND CREW DURING BEECH GROVE, TENNESSEE, BATTLE un and are 9Uf1 crew O 'ONS io 37-mm AMW V-,ad I STHUME T Top left Preparing gun posi- Hon. Leff cen+er: Dafa is compuied ai fire direcfion cenfer. Leff below: Regimenial com- mand posf. 4 Slllll 1 If EA: , "X g W kwa vi H if-9" 14' A1 Adiusling lime fuse on 75-mm. shell. R'gl1l', lop: Radio and swiiclw- board lineup for inspecfion. Cenlerz Observafion posl. BoHom: Tesfing radios. SIGNAL DETAIL REWINDING ,ss -ws' '1 .13 V Y. :MQ ,qw Riglvl: Observing fire Hwrougln field glasses and B. C. scope wiki, up 'W . .ww .N M-if w-as xx WM, 'Q wil . as 5 A51 ,..u'iw9 fmw W sf g, ,A 'aww ' 71, XNSPECTK ON LXNEUP OF MEN A ND EQUIPMENT Cieaning 'ern up for inspechon. -fzff .:""'3P" M M X SPEETXU ' if ,gf Q W 'V ,eu ,pe Xml 5 W 4? , 'N A ki? QV' 1' X We -vw Above: Truck inspecfion. Right Line of frucks on maneuvers, VEHICLES Regimental mofor pool. Road marker direcfing frucks, General Cheshire gives insfruciion during maneuvers. MOTOR POOL READY FOR INSPECTION ,W 4 A K 4 J, ,M vwiymwv , 1 , e,,. ,.,. ,,,, v,e. W, , M A 5 is . e,.. --v-- - f . :H R N M m e f '-im, new 4 'F W A- 'v-v- ' v-'-- M,,1nie1 Above Pamhng mofor paris on command car HBTH T WUHH rv In q E Lefl' above: Giving morphine +o a soldier wilfh a brolren leg. Each man is issued a iolal of 'four uniforms upon coming info lhe army. Peppers are placed in one of +he huge A rruclc wheel is cleaned and checked. Painllng a fable in 'rhe mess hall. refrigeralors. ORCHesr SPECIAL TISSOFLZA Ys FOR DA NCE 1, fx? - bw ,LN f W, V CROSSING STREAM ON FOOT BRIDGE CLEANING FIELD K ITCHEN TR W UCKS new 1 it ."" ww rN4f"1-7,4 xv' f Isaac Wal+on. Top above: Mall Hrne creaies much excliemeni. Top ahove: Two sons o Above: A band conceri in The courihouse square a'f Manchester Tennessee. Above: A box from home. ll BTH BELAXES BASEBALL PRACTICE 'QA ggi I M M . . , W ff ,ww wg- L W new 'e- QW-bf MW Q PEHSUNNEL ll3TH FIELD AHTILLEHY 3llTH INFANTHY IIIVISIUN ir AQHSUN, SUUTH I3 1 9 41 ISII Cap+ain Commanding Hllllll llllllll lReading from Lell lo Righll Firsl' Row: Masrer Sergeanls Dugger, Edward W.: Fisher, Charles L., Jr.: Firsi Sergeani Lennox, Ber- nard I.: Slafl Serqeanl Adler, Meyerg Dixon, l-lurschel lvl. Second Row: Slaff Sergeanl Uliel- mann, John lVl.I Sergeanis Benlon, James R.: Johnson, John F., Jr.: Kessler, Charles O.: Weilz, lsadore. Third Row: Sergeanl Williams, Wil- liam D.: Corporals Cornell, Edward C.: Crawford, Wadsworfh A.: Long, James L.: l-lagins, Carl S. Four+h Row: Corporals Persons, Herschel P.: Whiliinqlon, James l-l., Williams, James F.: Wilson, Charles E. Pm JOHN T, MORRIS JAMES T. GREEN CHARLES O'B LAFFITTE F +L i 1 F-irsfLieufenan1 Ill Tlllll l l HEADQUARTERSg BATTERY Firsi' Row: Privares Firsf Class Cornell, Ralph E.: Jaug sfeller, Frederick E.: Jernigan, Carllon: Magee, Jack J. Malphrus, Huberl A.: Perlman, Jack. Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Rahn, Winlord E. Soulhwell, Edwin P.: Slrickland, James H.: Warren, Fred Weil, Frank B.: Wells, Arfhur D. Third Row: Privalres Barlhelmess, Kennelh J.: Blalner, William E.: Clark, Thomas W.: Cook, Herman E.: Cooper John B.: Coward, Earl A. 1' Reading from Leif lo Righll Four+h Row: Privares Eden, Oscar A.: Edenlield, Wil liam C.: Fulch, Marion: Helmly, Arlhur lvl.: Herring Carliss lvl.: Herring, James N. Fif+h Row: Privales Hesler, Paschal C.: Hinely, War ren A.: Hirsch, H.: Horovilz, Fred J,: Jones, Richard C. lvlalphrus, John W., Jr. Sixfh Row: Privalres Mickler, Henry H.: Robbins George H.: Smilh, lvlonly H.: Smilrh, Ralph W.: Wall Huber? D.: Weeks, Seaborn L. L5 CLARENCE R. A. REDMOND GEORGE W HABER ANTHONY R DADDARIO Firsf Lieufenanf C pf Regimenial Medical Offi A T 1 D Y I S g B fl l M d l ir 'A' lReading from Lell lo Righll Firs+ Row: Technical Sergeanl Foran, John J., Slall Sergeanls Mar- lin, John D., Parsons, Noah W., Ser- qeanl Palmer, Craig A. Second Row: Corporals McLaughA lin. Roberl C., Palmer, Jim C., Prif vales Firsl Class Broolcs, Roberl M., Carn, Lander E., Gould, John W., Holl, Leroy W. Third Row: Priyales Firsl Class Kiley, Roberl, McDonald, James M., Meyers, l-lenry G., Palmer, William W., Wilburn, Claude R., Privale Connors, Francis M. Fourlh Row: Rriyales Coolc, Charles l-l., Demosfhenes, l-larry C.: Demo sey, Edwin, Downing, Dennis T., Fin- ney, Raymond M., Cfallella, Paul V. Fif+h Row: Privales l-laqin, Cecil C., Mell, Joseph l-l., Miller, l-larold D., Milliades, Theo X., Pinclcney. Richard V., Roberls, Joseph W. Six+h Row: Priyales Spillers, Royce E., Tarpley. Marvin l-l., Todd, Edward l-l., Wallcer, Carl E., Whalen, James E. l54l B Halion Medical LOUIS E. GAETA Firsl Lieulenanf Officer BUFORD L. O'NEAL Firs? Lieufenanl Assisfa nf Medical Officer e imen a en a ur eon 'A' 'Ir if 'A' S ir 4 -Af W . fe. a rra n Off if-A . K , HENRY H. GRUVER icer Reading from Lell lo Righlj Firsl Row: Technical Sergeanl Calf lerlon, A. V.: Slall Sergeanl Caller- lon, F. J.: Serqeanls l-larringlon, Arlhur W.: l-loll, Elmo: l-lullo, Philip S., Jr. Second Row: SergeanlSn'1ilh, Clar- ence L.: Corporals Cleary, Clarence L.: Fripp, Lewis M.: Priyales Firsl Class Bevill, Charles W.: Bowen. Jarnes A.: Cobia, l-larry S. Thircl Row: Privales Firsl Class Cooper, l-larry S.: Dyches, Clinlon D.: Fyfe, Roberl C.: Sandy, Louie V.: Gunn, Lehman W.: l-lenry, Ar- lhur E. Q Fourfh Row: Priyales Firsl Class McGuire, James l-l.: Roberls, Ralph L.: Roberls, Ray O.: Sheahan, John C.: Wallcer, l-lowell T.: Walers, liranlc O., Jr. l55I .w"""" Q 5? Hilfe' 'AW' CHARLES R. PETERSON FREDERICK E. DUCEY JOHN F. SCHWALB Lieutenant Colonel Major Maior Commanding Execufive Officer S-3 HIIIIIU IIIIIIIS ml ' THOMAS J. MARTIN, JR. JOSEPH B. SMITH, JR. AUGUST G. BADENHOOP CHARLES L. DAVIS Capfain Capiain Capfain FIrsI Lieufenanf Assistant S-3 Sf2 Adiufant Assis+anI S-2 if I56J 15' K is. BRYAN M DAVIS FLOYD P SWAILS MARVIN P HEERY, JR. eulenanf ll llllllllll 'A' lReading lrom Lell lo Righll Firsl Row: Masler Ser- geanl Heape, Arlie M.: Technical Sergeanls Burlq- haller, Rulus L.: Connor, Herberl O.: Slall Sergeanl Howe, Andrew B. Second Row: Slall Ser- geanl Pepper, James M.: Sergeanls Corcoran, Daniel J.: Cox, Clillord J.: Dyches, Eugene H.: Hanlrinson, Rob- erl D.: Jaclcson, Ellis J. Third Row: Sergeanls Lynes, Richard G.: Oelgen, William J.: Prilchard, Tall- nall R.: Ramsing, Paul: Shea, Horace M.: Wise, Harold A. Fourlh Row: Corporals Caines, Oliver K.: Godbee, William B.: Grizzard, Alvin T.: ller, James E.: Lane, Daw- son W.: Morgan, Sam T. Fillh Row: Corporals Nance, William N.: Roller, J. W.: Roller, J. W.: Shuler, Eranlc D.: Simmons, Herberl B.: Smilh, Eugene V. Sixlh Row: Corporals Suggs, Waller P.: Wise, Ce' cil N.: Yarbrough, George W. T571 HEADQUARTERS BATTERY FIRST BATTALION ir lReading from Leil lo Riqhll Firsl' Row: Rrivales Eirsl Class Ansley, lrving A.: Beelchy. George A.: Beggs, Roberl D.: Collins, Lee M. Second Row: Privales Eirsl Class Davis, Jesse P.: Davis, Kermil H.: Ellis, James N.: Elmore, Harris M.: Gibson, Herman L.: Johnson, Herberl L. Third Row: Privales Eirsl Class Kaser, George A.: Lane, James L.: Lowe, Lesler E.: McCar+hy, Francis J.: Morgan, John D.: Norlon, John P. Four+h Row: Privales Firsl Class Price, James W.: Smilh, John F.: Sloddard, Thomas C.: Torley, Charles B.: VonDol+eren, Chas. G.: Zipperer, Arnold A. Fif+h Row: Privales Allen, Roberl L.: Billew, John B.: Brewlon, Beverly E.: Brunson, Edward R.: Cely, William R.: Claylon, Monnie A. Six+h Row: Privales Davis, Frank W.: Dean, Lulher D.: Ellis, Lonnie: Eaullcner, Joseph J.: Eerguson, Doyle M.: Einch. Clinlon. Sevenfh Row: Privales Finch, Comer: Goodman. Andrew L.: Gragg, LeRoy S.: Graham, Harvey B.: Granale. Laverne E.: Grillin, Pury E. Eigh+h Row: Privales Harper, Charles A.: Hursl, Charles L.: Jones, Hansel E.: Marlin, William W.: Moore, Howard L.: Moye, George W. Ninfh Row: Privales Newlon, James T.: Palis, Theodore A.: Plemons, Charlie W.: Plemons, Del- rner W.: Ray, Wallace B.: Rowe. Eredericlc S. Ten+h Row: Privales Sheorn, Willis: Shorl, Odean: Simons, John R.: Sloyle, Gerald: Subolniclc, Abraham: Vereen, Clifford L. ISST 1- --fi iw ? A GEVERT SEMKEN THOMAS H. GERATY WALTER E. STANFORD Capfa Command g Flrsf Lleufenanf Furs! Lleufenanf SEEEIEE EEEEEEE ZZMZB i ir lReading from Leif lo Righfl Firs+ Row: Masler Sergeanl Burd- sal, Virgil R.: Firsi Sergeanl Dillard, Melvin S.: Technical Sergeanl Helm- ly, Donald J.: Slain' Sergeani Pan- nal, George A.: Sergeanis Lee, Richard E.: Lollerhos, Roy l-l., Jr. Second Row: Sergeanis Lynch, Roberl: Miller, William E.: Rounlree, Calvin A.: Searcey, William A.: Sear- son, Richard H.: Vereen, Jack M. Third Row: Corporals Breen, Mar- vin: Crosby, Thomas E.: Follc, Thomas W.: E-lalhaway, Warren H.: Raffer- son, E-layes l-l. E591 SERVICE BATTERY FIRST BATTALION if lReading from Leif To Righrl Firsi' Row: Privales Firsr Class Brady, Thomas: Breedlove, Nolan C.: Burlcelr, F. C., Jr.: Clarlc, David F.: Clillon, Wiley S. Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Darden, George: Elliorr, John J.: Fields, Lurher V., Jr.: Kaney, James C.: Slallord, Roberl H. Third Row: Privares Firsr Class While, Howell W.: Wilson, James E.: Privales Alexander, Rob- er+ S.: Anderson, Herman W.: Arlcins, Flercher O. Four+h Row: Privares Banlcslon, Parker J.: Bolen, John D.: Broome, Jesse C.: Croolce, Her- berl M.: Crosby, Charles O. Fif+h Row: Privales Culhrell, George L.: Dav- enporr, Rex lvl.: Edwards, Bobbie G.: Hoplcins, Raymond L.: Jones, Jammie H. Sixlh Row: Privales Lanier, L. A.: Lee, George: Lord, Harris V.: Maze, John A.: McElhannon Jasper A. Sevenfh Row: Privales Ggilvie, Alexander W.: Robinson, Harvey N.: Samples, Dewey: Srephens, Paul T.: Siolces, Henry F., Jr. Eighfh Row: Privares Taylor, Sam E.: Todd, David B.: Turner, Lee W.: Waldroup, James: Williams, Raymond. Capfa Command g X WILLIAM J. HATCHER ROBERT C. LOVETT RAYMOND F. CARTER in Firsf Lieuienanf Second Lieufenanf lllllllll ir QTY T611 lReading from Leif +o Riglwll Firs+ Row: Sergeanlr Hollon, Rolo- erl G.: Sergeanls Diclcey, Emerson R.: Godbee, Emory L.: Huggins, Clarence N.: lvlarlrin, William B.: Reeves, lrvin N. Second Row: Sergeanls Sapp, Ber- nard B.: Scoll, Fred W.: Tinley, Lawlon E.: Walden, Waller L.: Cor- porals Bell, Sim, Jr.: Farrar, Clay- lon P. Third Row: Corporals Gray, Rob- er+ F.: l-larris, Reid A.: Hurd, George R.: lvlobley, l-lerloerl W.: Tinley, Cleveland W.: Wood, Ben T. B A T T E R Y A ir lReading from Leif lo Righfl Firsf Row: Privales Firsl Class Bailey, Lonnie: Baxley, John, Jr.: Beclon, Jonnie C.: Bragg, John W.: Bragg, Paul E.: Brinson, James P. Second Row: Privafes Firsl Class Burke, Oliver J.: DeLaigle, Raymond N.: Dickey, Cecil J.: Drew, Harley R.: Gilrealh, Charles l-l.: Godbee, Garnel. Third Row: Privales Firsl Class l-lall, William: Jesler, Guy L.: Lively, Quarlers U.: lvlcSwain, Oles: Messex, George R.: lvlobley, William G. Fourfh Row: Privales Firsl Class Moore, Josh R.I Raloilsch, Haywood W.: Reagan, Roberl L.: Reynolds, Allon R.: Rogers Earl Jr.: Sleyens, Joseph A. Fif+h Row: Privales Firsl Class Slory, Samuel G.: Allen, Colie L.: Allen, Francis M.: Bargeron, Marion W.: Barlon, l-lenry A. Sixlh Row: Rrivales Blackburn, Raymond E.: Burke, Tell L.: Clarke, Grady S.: Clarke, James l-l.: Clillon, James A.: Clilfon, James D. M i ' V 6 i f 5 ,. ig . E621 B B A T T E R Y A 'A' lReading from Leif ro Righfl Firsi' Row: Privales Cliflon, John H.: Daniel, William l-l.: Day, Spencer E.: Dickey, l-larlow l'l.: Gilpin, James L.: Graves, Gordie N. Second Row: Privares l-lalcher, Erancis W.: Herndon, Beniamin Z.: Hughes, Clyde L.: lvesler, Lonnie O.: Jenkins, Carl R.: Jenkins, Edward O. Third Row: Privales Jenkins, George W.: Johnson, l-lerberl W.: Johnson, J. W.: Joiner, Roberl L.: Kersey, Alberr E.: Kilpalrick, l-lillis. Four+h Row: Privales Knight Allen P.: Levy, Ralph V.: Livingslon, Johnnie: McKinney, Thomas E.: Mock, Thomas l.: Pallerson, Marvin L. Fif+h Row: Privales Quick, John F.: Reddick, William A.: Ridgon, Harley T.: Royals, James M.: Sharpe, Clifford A.: Shenk, Edwin T. Six+h Row: Privares Skinner, Curlis W.: Smilh, John C.: Wallace, John T.: Way, Eugene T.: Williams, Ollie C. 'P' Gb T631 BENJAMIN H. WILLIAMS Capiain Commanding lllll lReading from Leif Io Riglnll Firsf Row: Firsl Sergeanl Beales, James F.: Sergeanls Beasley, David C.: Becker, Meldrim R.: Conaway, l-larold J.: DeLoacl'1e. George N.: Doly, lrving W. Second Row: Sergeanls Fields, William A.: Garner, James R.: l-lodges, Franklin A.: Jenkins, Harold L.: Roysler, Woodrow G.: Smilln, William L. Third Row: Corporals Barry, Frank l.: Davis, Lullwer W.: DeLoacl1, Jolwn P.: Doss, Dewey A.: Dykes, William E.: Hall, Jolwn R. Fourfh Row: Corporals ller, Allen O.: Kirkley, Earl G.: Rider, Floyd J.: Slwearouse, Jolwn F.: Simmons, Wal- Ter E.: Walers, Edward. GRADY P. HEXT Firsf Lieufenanf llllll ir lf64J B A T T E R Y B T651 lReading from Leif lo Righfl Firsl' Row: Privales Firsl Class Barnes, Huberl G.: Beasley, Marvin J.: Boolh, Henry H. Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Boyd, Wil! liam E.: Carler, Leslon L.: Clarlce, Joseph W.: Collier, Herberl H.: Coolc, Lewis L. Third Row: Priyales Firsl Class Eady, Edwin H.: Graham, Harold E.: Haynes, William P., Jr.: Lamb, Charles T.: Lamond, James D. Fourfh Row: Rriyales Firsl Class lvlixson, Horf ace R.: Moore, Lloyd B.: Nelson, Veasy W.: Orvin, Louis E., Jr.: Pale, Roberl. Fif+h Row: Privales Firsf Class Sludebalcer, Woodrow W.: Thompson, Jaclq: Young, Lesler R., Jr.: Rriyales Allen, Raul R.: Bailey, William E. Sixfh Row: Privales Bazemore, John R.: Becfon, Joseph E.: Brannen, John C.: Carler, Valene: Chilly, John F. Seven+h Row: Priyares Conley, Coy: Conley, Nalhang Crews, James P.: Dove, Carllon D. B A T T E R Y B 'A' lReading from Lell lo Righll Firsl' Row: Privares Dugger, Herschel H.: Dullon, Grady H.: Farisl, Tandy L. Second Row: Privales Furman, George R.: Garner, Nolan R.: Garrard, William: Gravill, Roy W.: Harley, Willard. Third Row: Privares Hobbs, Earnesr J.: Hub- bard, John L.: Hulsey, Vassie: Jellords, James: Johnson, George M. Fourlh Row: Privales Jones, Charles W., Jr.: King, Wiley: MoBrayer, Joseph H.: lvlclvlaslers, Earl G.: Nease, lvlcfxdoo W. Fif+h Row: Privales Newman: Holme S.: Parnell, John L.: Reddick, Clillord C.: Slannard, Vernon W.: Sludebalcer, Roberl L. Six+h Row: Priyales Tanner, Clyde S.: Town- send, Curlis: Tyre, Mayroe L.: Tyrell, Clarence' Ulmer, James R. Sevenfh Row: Privales Wall, Fred: Wall, Wil- liam H.: Walers, Warren B.: Williams, Jack A. l661 'Cf- fr 5 dk BERNARD A. MCDONOUGH JOSEPH C. DAVIS JOHNNIE H. CARTER Capiain First Lieufenan? Second Lieufenanf Commanding BATTERY if QM I673 lReading from Leil lo Righll Firs+ Row: Firsl Sergeanl Ellisor, Alfred: Sergeanis Albrillon, Ralph C.: Alderman, Bernard E.: Carier, Ernesl C. Second Row: Sergeanls lvey, John B.: Kelly, William L.: Kelly, Clinlon A.: Lee, John A.: Morrison, James E.: Parrish, Charlie S. Third Row: Sergeanl Roberlson, Ervin E.: Corporals Biggs, Daniel W.: Caldwell, Paul A.: Cornell, John J., Jr.: Founlain, Cecil A.: Johnson, Adolph lvl. Fourfh Row: Corporals, Johnson, Daniel W.: McCall, Lawlon L.: lvlc- Donough, William P.: Merrill, Rob- err E.: Powell, Charles E.: Wallace, Richard T. B A T T E R Y lReading 'from Leif To Righll Firsl' Row: Privales Firsl Class Boyelr, Roy J.: Bryanl, I-larry W.: Bunger, Roloerl l-l.: Darnell, Na+ W.: Davis, Allon S. Second Row: Privales Firsr Class Driggers, William l-l.: Griner, Elheridge: Gunler, Farnham A.: l-lagan, John A.: Harvey, John A. Third Row: Privaies Firsl Class Housand, Alvy T.: Johns, James C.: Kessler, Lon P.: Liille, James M.: Moclq, James L. Fourfh Row: Priyales Firsl Class Moore, Ervin C.: Morgan, Jessie: Pills, Roberls E.: Scoll, Allen F.: Rilcer, Elmer l., Fif+h Row: Priyales Firsl Class Waller, William W.: Woods, Charles G.: Privares Anderson, Nevil l-l.: Andrews, Maynard J.: Anlhony, Ru- dolph V. Sixfh Row: Privares Barnelr, Jewell A.: Beale, George W.: Belle, William l-l., Jr.: Bomar, Guy F., Jr.: Bohannon, William l.. Sevenfh Row: Privales Bragg, Robbie S.: Bur- ris, Arley T.: Callaway, Lemuel K.: Chapman, John M.: Clarlce, Cecil l-l. E681 B A T T E R Y C K. E' 1,45 5 E691 lReading 'from Leif +o Righll Firsi' Row: Privales Coleman, Daniel W.: Cole man, Loran B.: Cox, Lesier J.: Cumloee, Earl M. Daughiry, William H., Jr. Second Row: Privales Davis, Henry L.: Fergu son, Ben W.: Garrard, Pleamon N.: Gibson Jesse B., Jr.: Griner, Elwood K. Third Row: Privafes Guy, Hallie M.: Harrison Vernon P.: Hodges, Hugh E.: Keene, Herberl C. Kessler, Roy J. Four'rh Row: Priyaies May, Edwin T.: Mock James R.: Morgan, Sumpler S.: Orr, Louis C. Pererson, Richard H. Fif+h Row: Privaies Pryor, Chesier D.: Reid Eugene R.: Schuman, Joseph C.: Silces, Fred W. Skipper, William H. Sixfh Row: Privaies Skipper, John H.: Tapley Elberi: Thurman, Willie E.: Todd, Elmer O.: Trull Henry E. Seven+h Row: Privaies Trull, Horace L.: Vin cent Truman H.: Walson, Emory W.: Wilds Raymond L. Qty 'N'-B.. Ai 2' PAUL H. GOOGE PATRICK E. SEAWRIGHT ORVILLE D. LYSAUGHT Lieufenanf Colonel Meier Maior Commanding Execu+ive Officer 5-3 HIIIIIU IIIIIIIS Secancfls, ' EDGAR C. WIGGINS WILLIAM G. HAUPT ROBERT L. WYLLY, JR. RAYMOND I. CLEMENT, JR. Capfain Capfain Capfain Firsf Lieufenanf Assisfanf S-2 Adiuianf AssIsIanI S-3 Assisfanf S-Z '?'fN IfOI E Hllllll i. WILLIAM C. SCONYERS GABRIEL B. MCNAIR Firsf Lieutenant Firsf Lieutenant Commanding Secancffs' IIIIEIIS X ,asv RAYMOND H. MAYER Second Lieufenanf Hlllllll ll' fi MVA I 'Reading from Lell Io Righrl A+-.Q I Firs+ Row: Technical Ser- geanls Palmer, Roberl N.: Parroll, Oren M.: Slali Ser- geanis Axson, Beniamin P.: I-lilburn, Bernard F.: Johnson, Jesse S.: Sergeanl Bailey, Edwin C. Second Row: Sergeanls Cason, John A., Jr.: Crow- ley, Woodrow W.: Pogarly, D. T.: l-laar, George F.: Plaar, John M., Jr.: Hall, Frank F. Third Row: Se-rgeanls Hennessy, Wil l ia m F.: Scruggs, Odell J.: Waller, Edgar F.: Corporals Flanders, George M.: I-lodges, Ben L.: lizlcovilz, David. l:ourI'h Row: Corporals Jones, James D.: Lee, Wale ler M.: Leggell, I-luberl W.: Murphy, Wilbur E.: Pagh, Roberl' C.: Parlcer, Wilden T. Fif+h Row: Corporals Salkin, Arlhur J.: Saunders, Edward E.: Terrell, James E.: Tyson, James R.: While, t Slanlord. I,7lT HEADQUARTERS BATTERY SECOND BATTALION if lReading from LeTT To l?ighTl Firs+ Row: PriyaTes Firsi Class Alford, James C.: Balmer, Willis F.: Bazemore, Herman C.: Bryanf, Wal- Ter: Bullard, Kirby S.: Dominy, Wil- liam T. Second Row: PrivaTes Firsir Class HioTT, George T.: Johnson, James G.: Kramer, Chris F., Jr.: LaRoche, Ernest LinTon, l?oberT G.: Livingslron. Napier L. Third Row: PrivaTes Firsf Class Murphy, Waljrer: Raborn, HerberT L.: Qyals, Charles W.: Sanders, Willie: Saxon, Josh W.. Jr.: Schuman, Carl. Four+h Row: Privalres l3irsT Class Spence, Vander: Spivey, Cleo: Thompson, Cardell: Wilson, James B.: l3rivaTes Abrams, Joseph W.: Bargeron, Wafson L. Fif+h Row: Privales Bashlor, William H.: Dowd, Theodore S.: EasTerling, Claude D.: Farrell, Garland L.: GlusTrom, Johnnie: HarTley, AlberT B. Six+l'1 Row: PrivaTes Harvard, Jo- seph F.: Jenkins, James E., Jr.: Lam- berf, Bosco: lvlacicie, James lvl.: lvlanis, Wayne F.: lvlilrchem, Roy l. Sevenih Row: PriyaTes Morgan. GusTave P.: Morris, Gordon lvl.: Risinger, Wallrer L.: Sanders, James F., Jr.: Segars, Howard B.: Simmons, Johnny R. Eigh+h Row: PriyaTes Smifh, Hal H.: Smifh, William R.: Spires, James R.: Sfephens, Charlie L.: Summers, William T.: Swails, Dan. Nin+h Row: PrivaTes Thompson, l2oberT E., Jr.: ThriTT, George H.: Townsend, David D.: Turner, Henry J.: Turner, Jesse L.: WeaThers, Frank J. Tenfh Row: Privalres Weafhersbee. RoberT H.: Webb, George H.: Wilf son, Lamar R.: Woodyard, Henry T.: ZiTTrauer, Hugh W. i721 CLEFFORD H. CLAGHORN RICHARD E. EVANS, JR. Captain Commanding Firsf Lieufenanf EEEEIEE EEEEEEE Secamfls, 'A' 1-Q Ss- lReadinq from Leil To Righil Firsi' Row: lviasier Sergeani Graham, Waller H.: Firsi Sergeani Vinson, Wiley S.: Technical Serqeani Smilh, Angus E.: Slaii Sergeani Bunger, John T.: Sergeanis Anesios, l-larry P.: Clarke, John E. Second Row: Serge-anis Counihan, Dennis J.: Kearney, Thomas G.: Nun- nally, George B.: Phillips, Henry O.: Rankin, Raymond E.: Sims, Marion B. Third Row: Corporals Drosi, l-ienry T., Jr.: Mason, Roloeri K.: McNair, William J.: lvlewborn, Woodrow W.: Paper, Joseph: Willingham, Ben l-E. E731 ,W SERVICE BATTERY SECOND BATTALION ir ,V U. " ,fl lReading from l.ef+ lo Riglwll ,, 1. 611' .l'Tirs+ Row: Privales Eirsf Class Bunlon, Lawf rence T.: Evans, David, Jr.: Evans, William E. .Y ye Second Row: Privafes Eirsl Class Hiqqine bollaam, James H.: lvloclc. Corrie A.: Scoll, Ed- gar H., Jr.: Silces, Breman: Vaclwon, Roland. Third Row: Privales Billne, Jebbie C.: Black, William L.: Buclc, Wiley E., Jr.: Carllon, Willie V.: Dodd, Toy A. Fourfh Row: Privales Eriddle, James B.: Gil- more, Richard J.: Gossell, William P.: Griffin. Clfiarles A.: Leppla, Eranlc. Fif+h Row: Privales Lelbeller, Waller O.: Lynn, William l.: Maddox: Charles C.: Manning, Charles D.: Mason, Leo H. Sixflw Row: Privales lvleelrian, William E.: Moore, Hollis G.: Murdock, James R.: Nelson, Edgar E.: Nixon, Barney E. Sevenlh Row: Privales Painler, Wilford B.: Palmer, Edward E.: Pale, Tlwomas V.: Penninglon, Calelci E., Jr.: Rilcliie, Haran R. Eigl1l'l'l Row: Privales Russell, Jaclc E.: Russell, James B.: Slceen, Newlon O., Jr.: Sprall, Henry G.: Terry, Jolnn l.. Nin+l1 Row: Privales Weems, William G., Jr.: Williams, Charles R.: Wilson, Roberl T.: Wren, Edgar A.: Zorn, George R. ,We 3 'A' 'Qu pn V 24 ,,,... ly.. i N- fi F 'K WALTON S. VanARSDALE PERCY H. CARTER BENJAMIN T. BEHNKEN Capfa F 1 Lieufenanf Firsf Lieutenant Command g BATTERY if l75l lReadinq from Lel+ +0 Righrl Firsr Row: Slalf Sergeanl Brab- lwam, Rufus D.: Sergeanls Amos, El- berl V.: Carler, Ross B.: Connor, Charles R.: Lalille, Roberr W.: New- some, William A. Second Row: Serqeanls Pandlle, Ray J,: Smillw, Edward M.: Slriclcland, Roberl R.: Walden, Henry C.: Cor- porals Bailey, Jolwn R.: Barras, Ar- qusr J. Third Row: Corporals Brinson, Alex R.: Clarlc, James K.: Douglas, James L.: Farr, Welcome G.: Kniglwr, Har- old F.: Marclmman, James E. Fourih Row: Corporals Morgan, Lawrence E.: Morris, Russell E.: Quin- ney, Heber M., Jr.: Wilson, Roberl F., Jr. B A T T E R Y D lReading from Lell +0 Righlrl Firs+ Row: Priya+es Firsl Class Brown, Clyde M., Jr.: Buclcley, James l-l.: Coburn, Bruce N.: Denl, James E.: Finney, lvan. Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Floyd, Eu- gene M.: Hayman, Ormond B.: l-lodges, Francis O.: Lain, Jesse W.: Lair, James W. Third Row: Privajres Firsl Class McBride, Jesse P.: Medlin, William: Newlon, Sidney E.: Paller- son, John G.: Price, Lihugh C. HD? g,,14,,q7 If' "' ,., - ,-"'L- us . . f ., f 7-1, ,g,44ul' Four+h Row: Privales Firsl Class Rogers, Clifford W.: Shiver, Leroy M.: Suddalh, Jake P.: Suddalh, LaFaye++e W.: Sullivan, Thomas J. Fiffh Row: Privales Firsl Class Waldhour, Ru- per+ M.: Weelcs, Calvin R.: Williams, Henry: Privales Alley, Pierce W.: Bacon, Jessie W. Six+h Row: Privales Baker, Freeman A.: Clark, Lee M.: Crall, James I.: Dennis, Francis C.: Fain, Willard O. Sevenfh Row: Privales Floyd, Webb M.: Glover, James A.: Green, E. L.: l-lyde, Jewell D.: Hyder, Ralph E. ir L761 B A T T E R Y D ak .aww T771 llleading from Lefl +o Righll Firsi' Row: Privales Jackson, John R.: Jones James D.: Jones, Theodore. Second Row: Privales Jones, Tom W.: Klien slerber, Carl G.: Lain, W. E.: Landrum, Edward Lee, Roberi l. Third Row: Privales Leuly, John S., Jr.: Mal- phrus, Bryan E.: Mallhews, William R.: Mc Cullum, James: McGhee, Clarence. Fourih Row: Privales Miles, Frank K.: Miller W. E.: Mimbs, Newborn R.: Mock, Cecil E. Mock, Willie W. Fif+h Row: Privales Murray, Oran O.: Piclcern Jessie: Porfer, Arrie E.: Porier, George W. Powell, T. B. Six+h Row: Privales Powell, Jim B.: Raffinni William B.: Russell, Waller J.: S+. Clair, Paul E. Shealey, Roberl R. Seven+h Row: Privafes Shelfon, Julious lvl. Slanley, Gene A.: Sweat Claude D.: Taylor Johnnie: Weaver, Arlin. WK JOSEPH C- DAVIS JosEPH E JOHNSTON TASH P ANESTOS Capfain W M Commanding W Y 4 BATTERY lReading from Leif +o Righll Firsf Row: Firsl Sergeanf Hogan, Thomas F.: Sergeanls Fogarly, Daniel T.: Ganem, Keeny P.: Hennessy, John E.: Hulching, George A.: Jenlcins, John C. Second Row: Sergeanls Renfz, Eu- gene H.: Russell, Joseph E.: Slaliord, Nicholas T., Jr.: Corporals fxrd, John A.: Berry, Edward J.: Cooley, John J., Jr. Third Row: Corporals Ellis, Wilfred C.: Frizelle, Louis E.: Gavin, Gene T.: Griililh, Seabron J.: Jenlcins, Irby A.: Kilroy, Brandon R. Four+h Row: Corporals McKenna, John T.: Muller, William A.: Pappas, Gus J.: Williams, Harrold A. B A T T E R Y E 'lr T791 lReading from Lell 'ro Righll Firsi' Row: Privales Firsl' Class Archer, Causey W.: Bandy, Frank H.: Barnes, David H.: Chappas, George: Desposilo, Ralph A. Second Row: Privales Firsl' Class Dominiclc, Edward M.: Douglas, Emanuel H.: Douglas, Leslie M.: Easferling, Gainees E.: Easlerling, William C. Third Row: Privales Firsl Class Harvey, Roberl F.: Holcombe, Raymond J.: Humphrey, Grady B.: Key, Woodrow W.: King, Fred C. Four+h Row: Privales Firs'r Class Knight Her- man L.: Mixon, Harold G.: Nail, Randolph: Reames, Waller R.: Sauers, Clarence E. Fiffh Row: Privales Firsl Class Schroder, John lvl.: Slidham, Clinlon: Slineman, Allen C.: Terrell, George E.: Thomas, Rufus C. Sixlh Row: Privale Firsl Class Williams, Ralph E.: Privales Acree, Francis R.: Angelus, Lulcie N.: Allcinson, Arle J.: Barrell, John l.. Seven'rh Row: Privales Carellas, Basil G.: Car- roll, Henry G.: Chilly, Wallace F.: Ciucevich, Edward G.: Colley, Jaclcey D. B A T T lReading from Leif lo Righll Firsf Row: Privales Cooksey, Gary W.: Cope- land, John L.: Cowarr, Reginald C.: Edmondson, John: Fain, Osco W. Second Row: Priva+es Ferrell, George A.: Fuller, Horace W.: Hardee, Fred M.: Hari, Ma- rion: Johnson, Hoyl J. Third Row: Privales Jones, Wm. S.: Kendrick, John M.: Loncon, Horace J.: McDowell, John R.: McGinnis, Franlc J. Fourlh Row: Privares McKenna, James A.: Mixon, Elverd M.: Moon, Jim H.: Moore, Wade H.: Porler, George B. Fiffh Row: Privares Ryan, Edward T.: Roberl- son, Joseph B.: Sasser, Armon A.: Schuman, V Clifford R.: Smiih, Bonnie D. ' , Yfffe: fl 'Vai -z'f!"'.r!r',. Sixih Row: Privares Slanley, Grover S.: Slephens, Waller: Thompson, Alberr E.: Vaughn, James K.: Wynne, Charles M. Sevenfh Row: Privales Yeomans, Wilbur K.: Young, Henry W.: Young, Sliles H.: Youmans, Nelson L. I80 WALTON S. VanARSDALE T. NUGENT COURVOISIE WALDO E. SPENCE Capfa Command g Firsf Lieufenanf Second Lieufenanf BATTERY T811 ir lReading from Lell +o Righll Firsl' Row: Sergeanfs Bailey, Ralph R.: Fagan, Norman J.: Farr, William lvl.: Fields, Lee R.: Greenway, Thomas D. Second Row: Sergeanls Hernandez, Thomas: l-lodges, Bruce E.: Joyner, Rayford: Lynes, Cle lvl.: Taylor, Willard K. Third Row: Serge-anl Womble, Charles R.: Corporals Brunson, Jaclc F.: l-lardin, N. R.: l-laupl, Lewis W.: Kendrick, Wallon. Four+h Row: Corporals Lee, Harold M.: Mc- Coy, Carl M.: Thigpen, Forresl W.: Thomas, l-lenry F.: Williamson, Waller V. B A T T E R Y F ir lReading from Leff +o Righfl Firsi' Row: Privafes Firs+ Class Barrs, Lulher E.: Brannen, Cecil T.: Brannen, Winron E.: Brewer, Maclain: Cason. Henry S.: Cooler, John P. Second Row: Privafes Firsl Class Corey, Thomas L.: Daley, Elmer E.: Garnio, Ralph: Givens. Godfrey H.: Griner, Arfhur J.: Harrioll, James L. Third Row: Privales Firsl Class Johnson, John T.: Jones, Jack T.: Joyner, Millon E.: Keilh, Julie A.: Lanier, Inman L.: Long, Jessie G. Four+h Row: Privalres Firsl Class Mclvlillan, James: Paffon, John O.: Paxlon, George M.: Pilfman, Willard J.: Powell, John J.: Ramsay, Alexander S. Fif+h Row: Privafes Firsl Class Rowe, James O.: Sasser, Willie: Silva, Raymond L.: Smilh, Arfhur L.: Smirh, Dan Bernard: Privale Beasley, James H. Six+h Row: Privales Branch, Benjamin F.: Bundriclc, James M.: Cameron, Spergham J.: Cobb, Alberr L., Jr.: Cochran, Curlis W.: Collins, Floyd Mc. 'IFF iii! X , E821 B A T T E R Y F ir lReadinq from Lell lo Riqhll Firsf Row: Privales Cowarl, Ben F.: Dean, Millon: Dickerson, Harry R., Douqlas, John li.: Diinfan, Lee G.: Elmqren, Fred H. Second Row: Privales Poole, Joe D.: Gassell, Edwin L.: Greene, Hoylg Griffin, Clarence, Griffin, James Clyde, Hall, Murry L. Third Row: Privales Hand, Charlie L.: Head, Waller E., Hiclcs, James W., James, Nelson B.: Kennedy, Wil- liam C.: Kimbrell, William J. Fourlh Row: Priyales Laniqan, Durancey Marlin, Wal' son E., McSwain, Daniel A., Moody, Fred, Neal, Harry E.: Olhleal, Arlhur L. Fif+h Row: Privales Overslreel, James E.: Pally, James C.: Rhoden, George F., Riner, Dollus G.: Robbins, John C., Smilh, Holce, Sixfh Row: Priyales Sfriclcland, Mercer H.: Summer, Kennelh V.1Thompson, Henry F., Weslberry, Lamar, Wilf liamson, Barlow. T831 ,lg A Fla X4 . Til Published and Copyrighted, I94I, by THE ARMY AND NAVY PUBLISHING COMPANY, Inc. BATON ROUGE, LOUISIANA SHREVEPORT, LOUISIANA NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE WEST COAST OFFICE Room 2Il, 700 S. LaBrea Avenue, Los Angeles. Calif my W7 F ,quiogacplu 1 F 1 i 1 3 1 sl 'Q e i E 1 Q pair .. m I 1 Qing' ,.,,-, , 5 W., . ,. . A., .W-ML. :- A , A. ,

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