US Army Training Center - Yearbook (Fort Jackson, SC)
- Class of 1941
Page 1 of 126
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 126 of the 1941 volume:
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THIS COPY UF THE
HISTORICAL AND PICTUHIAL
II E V IE W
IIBTH FIELD AHTILLEHY
50TH INFANTIIY DIVISION
ARMY UF THE UNITED STATES
AS OF THIS DATE
IS A MEMBER OF
.. A ,
HISTUHIEAL mf PIETIIHIAL REVIEW
3UTH INFANTHY IHVISIUN
FORT JACKSON, SOUTH CAROLINA
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-HEADQUARTERS 'YVXXRTXETH DNXSX
OFFXCE oF THE CONNMANDXNG GENERAL
Pom Jpxcxaeon. 6. C.
A 5 September,
and Men oi the 'Ynirtiet
TO: The Oiiioere
C a 'gear has passed since you
e - 'Wat period nas
tri-Jen to deveiop
eater part o
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were caiied into a
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t fighting machine posei
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ui' Division. Your work
eeping, with the
A lot has been acc
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ieid has been in K
in Camp and in
traditions oi the
ernment may make.
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personal appreciation for the once
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HENRY ll. RUSSELL
Commanding 30th lntantry Division
Major General Russell was born in McDonough, Georgia, on December
27, l889. His education was received in schools of Henry County, where
he graduated from the McDonough High School. Later he graduated
from the University of Georgia with an A.B. degree in I9I2, and a B.L.
degree in l9l4.
His military career began with the Cadet Corps at the University of
Georgia when he served as a Private, Corporal and Sergeant. On March
29, l?l6, he was appointed Captain of Company A, Jackson Rifles, Second
Infantry, Georgia National Guard. He held this assignment until the
nineteenth day of June, l9l6, when he was inducted into the Federal
service. During I9l6 and I9I7, he served as Captain on the Mexican
Border. General Russell served as Captain in the 3lst Division at Macon,
Georgia, when he was detailed Provost Marshal of Macon tor ten months
in l9l7-I9I8, then going to France with the 3Ist Division in September,
I9l8. ln turn, he became Commander of the Headquarters Company,
l2lst lntantryg Headquarters Company, 59th Infantry Brigade in l9l8g ll8th
Military Police Company with the A. E. F. from December, l9l8, to May,
l9l9, and was promoted to Maior and assigned as Provost Marshal, ln-
termediate Section, A. E. F., from May to October, I9I9. He was dis-
charged from Federal service at Camp Gordon, Atlanta, Georgia, in Oc-
General Russell was appointed Colonel, Infantry, on May 3I, I9ZI, and
was assigned as Commanding Officer of the First Regiment of Georgia
Infantry, which he held until January 8, l923.
He was promoted to Brigadier General on January 8, l'723, and assigned
as Commanding Officer of the 59th lntantr Brigade, 30th Division.
Upon resignation of Maior General E. Peyton, General Russell was
appointed to fill this vacancy and assigned to command the 30th Division,
comprised of troops from North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee and
Georgia, which division he now commands.
BENJAMIN T. WATKINS
Chief of Slaff
GENERAL STAFF, 30TH DIVISION
C. BLYTHE BOND
Assislanl Chief of Slaff
SAMUEL T. WALLACE
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RICHARD D. GLEAVES
Assisfanl Chief of Sfaff
G-2, Milifary Intelligence
CHARLES R, BLOMME
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PAUL R. YOUNTS GEORGE E. MALLETT JAMES W. PERKINS
Lieulenanf Colonel Lieulenanl' Colonel Maior
Asslslanl' Chief of Slaff Assislanl Chief of Sfaff Assislanl G-l
G-3, Operations G-4, Supply and Evacualion
ERNEST G. SMITH JAMES S. CORBIT CHARLES R. REDMAN
Maior Firsl Lieulenanl Caplain
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.SPECIAL STAFF, 30TH DIVISION
YA. J. SWANN J. FROST WALKER LEWIS D. BLOUNT McCOY O. COPPEDGE DOUGLAS B. ROBINSON
Maier Maior Capfain Caplain Second Lieufenanf
Adiufanl' General Assisfanf Adiufanl General Assislanf Adiufanl General Assisfanl Adiufanf General Acling Assisfanf Adiufanf General -I
H. L. HOOVER ROY C. DAVIS FRANK D. PINCKNEY WALTER F. PARTIN
Lieulenanl Colonel Maior Lieufenanf Colonel Firsf Lieulenanf
Chaplain Chaplain Ordnance Officer Assislanf Ordnance Officer
ONAN A. HYDRICK FRANK K. BOYD JAMES C. DEMPSEY ELBERT E. FULLER
Lieufenanl Colonel Capfain Lieutenant Colonel Captain
Judge Advocafe Assisfanf Judge Advocale Inspeclor General Assislanl Inspecfor General
MARION B, FOWLER GEORGE H. FLOWERS JOHN W. BLOUNT HODGE A. NEWELL J. LAWRENCE GANTT
Lieufenanf Colonel Second Lieufenanf Capfain Colonel Colonel
Finance Officer Assisfanf Finance Officer Morale Officer Surgeon Quarfermasfer
SPECIAL TAFF, 30TH DIVISION
GRAHAM K. HOBBS GODFREY CHESHIRE
Colonel Brigadier General
Enqineer Arfillery Officer
JOHN C. BLOODWORTH, JR. RAGNAR E. JOHNSON
Assisfanf Exchange Officer Chemical Officer
WILLIAM V. DORSEY
JAMES P. SUTTON
Assisfanf Chemical Officer
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CARTER L. RHINEHART CARL F. CHAPMAN
Headquarfers Commandanf and Exchange Officer
OLIN W. WATSON JOE B. LINKER
Second Lieufenanf Maior
Assisfanf Chemical Officer Anfi-Tank Officer
QTUTH UIVISIUN I SIENIA
The insignia shows The leTTer "O" surround-
ing The leTTer "l-l," wiTh The Roman numerals
XXX inside The cross bar oT The l-l, represenTing
The Roman numeral "3O," The leTTers being blue
on a red background. This is worn verTically, as
The design reads.
The "O" and The "l-T" sTand Tor "Old l-liclv
ory." The name by which General Andrew Jaclc-
son was besT known To his pioneer soldiers and
To conTemporary sTaTesmen. General Jaclcson
was born near The sTaTe line beTween NorTh and
SouTh Carolina, buT Trom early manhood rose To
miliTary Tame as a residenT oT Nashville, Ten-
TRELAWNEY E. MARCHANT DON E. SCOTT GODFREY CHESHIRE
Brigadier General Brigadier General Brigadier General
Commanding 591h lnfanlry Brigade Commanding 60th Infanlry Brigade Commanding 551h Field Arfillery Brigade
HEEIME Til EIIMMA IIEHS
HARRY O. WITHINGTON
Commanding Il8lh lnfanlry
LEWIS C. POPE ROBERT HAROLD BOND JOHN HALL MANNING
Colonel Colonel Cqlongl
Commanding l2Is1 lnfanfry Commanding lI71h Infantry Commanding l20fh lnfanlry
RAY CARLTON REEVES ALBERT WILLIS SHEFTALL B. COLEMAN JAMES LAWRENCE GANTW
Colonel Lieulenanf Colonel Colonel Colonel
Commanding ll5lh Field Artillery Commanding Il3fh Field Arlillery Commanding ll8fh Field Artillery Commanding l05lh Ouarlermasler Regiment
lll lll 3lllH lllllllll l
GRAHAM K, HOBBS
Commanding l05lh Engineers
HODGE A. NEWELL
Commanding l05'lh Medical Regimenl
CARTER L. RHINEHART
Commanding Special Troops
' S if
The 2I0-mm. l1owiT1er capfured by The 30Th Division when They broke Through The Hindenburg Line in World War l. The gun was man-
uTacTured abouT l9I2. An old Type French 75-mm. gun is shown in foreground.
Adfory O! me 307A sibiuidion
CreaTed on July IB, I9I7, OT NaTional Guard Troops
Trom NorTh Carolina, SouTh Carolina, and Tennessee,
The 3OTh Division, UniTed STaTes Army, builT Tor iTselT
one OT The TinesT baTTle hisTories OT The FirsT World War.
lT was aT BellicourT, France, ThaT The 3OTh Division won
undying Tame, Tor There, on SepTemloer 29, I9I8, iT
smashed iTs way Through The Tamed "l'lindenburg Line"
-a vicTory ThaT hasTened The close oT The war, and did
honor To The memory oT Andrew Jackson, whose nick-
name, "Old Hickory," The division bears.
Troops oT The 3OTh Division were called inTo Federal
service on July 25, l9l7, seven days aTTer designaTion as
a division, and on AugusT 3, The War DeparTmenT or-
dered concenTraTion and organizaTion aT Camp Sevier,
Greenville, SouTh Carolina. On AugusT 5 The NaTional
Guard oT NorTh Carolina, SouTh Carolina and Tennessee
were inducTed inTo Federal service. ConcenTraTion
conTinued ThroughouT AugusT.
The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade was organized on
AugusT 25, and ulTimaTely included The FirsT NorTh Caro-
lina and FirsT Tennessee RegimenTs oT Field ArTillery, The
FirsT Tennessee lnTanTry, Troop D oT Tennessee Cavalry
and deTachmenTs oT The FirsT NorTh Carolina and Second
Tennessee RegimenTs oT lnTanTry. Major General John
F. Morrison assumed command OT The Division on AugusT
The 3OTh Division was reorganized in accordance wiTh
The Tables oT OrganizaTion oT AugusT 8, l9l7, on Sep-
Tember I2. The lnTanTry Brigades were organized and
ulTimaTely included: The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade, The Third
Tennessee and The FirsT SouTh Carolina RegimenTs of
lnTanTry, and deTachmenTs oT The FirsT NorTh Carolina
and Second SouTh Carolina RegimenTs of lnTanTry, and
oT The Tennessee Cavalry: The 6OTh lnTanTry Brigade, The
Second and Third NorTh Carolina RegimenTs oT lnTanTry,
and deTachmenTs oT The FirsT NorTh Carolina, and Sec-
ond Tennessee RegimenTs oT lnTanTry and oT NorTh Caro-
lina Cavalry. The division underwenT a Term OT sysTem-
aTic Training Trom SepTember I7 unTil April 30, and dur-
ing OcTober selecTive service men Trorn Camps Gordon,
Jackson and Pike compleTed The division.
THE START TOWARD FRANCE
The Division l'leadquarTers and The lnTanTry organiza-
Tions leTT Camp Sevier on May I, wiTh The 59Th lnTanTry
Brigade, en rouTe To Camp Mills, and The 6OTh lnTanTry
Brigade en rouTe To Camp MerriTT.
The advance deTachmenTs sailed on May 7, and landed
in England on May I4: while Division T-le-adquarTers and
The lnTanTry sailed Trom New York and Hoboken May
II-I9, and arrived in England May 23-June 5. On May
I8 The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade leTT Camp Sevier en
rouTe To Camp Mills, and Trorn May 27 unTil June I2, The
ArTillery and Divisional Troops and Trains sailed Trom New
York and Hoboken, arriving in England beTween June 8
and 25. ATTer a brieT sTay in resT camps, The lnTanTry leTT
England Tor Calais and The ArTillery Tor Le I-lavre.
FINAL TRAINING AND OPERATIONS
ComponenT parTs OT The division Tlowed rapidly inTo
France, and Trom May 27 unTil fXugusT I8 Took Training
wiTh The BriTish in Picardy and Flanders. BeTween May
27 and June I7, The 3OTh Division lless The ArTilleryl, The
lO5Th Supply Train and The lO5Th SaniTary Train, arrived
in The Recgues Training Area beTween Calais and ST.
Omer, where iT was aTTiliaTed wiTh The BriTish 39Th Divie
sion Tor Training. The division was under conTrOl OT The
Second Corps, May 24-SepTernloer 24. The 55Th Field
fXrTillery Brigade and The lO5Th AmmuniTion Train
reached Le Havre, June I3-2l, and wenT inTO Training
aT The ArTillery School aT Camp CoeTquidan, where They
remained unTil AugusT 20. They were Tollowed by The
IO5Th Supply and SaniTary Trains, which arrived in Calais
and Cherbourg, respecTively, and Took Training aT The
I7Th lFays-BilloTl Training Area.
The division, less deTachmenTs, moved inTo The area
wesT OT Poperinghe, Belgium, on July 2, and was Tollowed
eighT days IaTer by The Engineers and The Machine Gun
The division received iTs TirsT TasTe OT war on July
9, when, wiTh The 27Th Division, iT was assigned To The
organizaTion and deTense OT The EasT Poperinghe Line, a
Third deTensive posiTion in The Dickebusch Lake and
Scherpenberg SecTors. Full respOnsiIOiliTy Tor The EasT
Poperinghe Trench sysTem was assumed by The division
on July I I.
ATTiliaTed wiTh The BriTish, The division reached The
TrOnT lines Tor Training on July Io, and remained unTil
AugusT l8. AcTual Training was carried on unTil AugusT
Qi The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade was aTTiliaTed wiTh The
BriTish 49Th Division: The 6OTh lnTanTry Brigade wiTh The
BriTish 33rd Division: while The Machine Gun and lnTan-
Try uniTs served by baTTalions and oTher divisional Troops
ATTer a brieT reTurn To The rear Tor TurTher Training,
The division relieved The BriTish 33rd Division in The TronT
line OT The Canal SecTor Trom The viciniTy OT Elzenwalle
To The railroad souTheasT OT TransporT Fme, on The nighTs
OT fXugusT I6 and I7. On AugusT I8 The division as-
sumed command, wiTh The BriTish SixTh Division To iTs
righT. On The nexT day The Canal SecTor occupaTion
was merged inTo The Ypres-Lys OperaTion.
From AugusT I9 unTil SepTember 4 The division, less
ArTillery and lO5Th AmmuniTion Train, Took parT in The
Ypres-Lys OperaTion. The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade
and The lO5Th AmmuniTion Train parTicipaTed in The
occupaTion OT The Lucey SecTor wiTh The 89Th Division,
AugusT 26-SepTember II. Rumors OT a German wiTh-
drawal OT Troops was invesTigaTed on AugusT 3l by com-
baT paTrols OT The division. The nexT day, wiTh The oOTh
lnTanTry Brigade leading, The division capTured MOaTed
Grange, Voormezeele, Lock No. 8, and LankhoT Fme,
and occupied a line connecTing These lOcaliTies wiTh The
original TrOnT aT Gunners' Lodge. The 27Th Division
served To The righT7 The BriTish l4Th Division To The leTT.
On The nighTs OT SepTember 3, SepTember 4, and Sep-
Tember 5, The division was relieved by The BriTish 35Th
Division, and on SepTember 4, The command passed.
The division concenTraTed near Proven on SepTember
5 and 6, and moved inTO The ST. Pol Area. in The zone
OT The BriTish FirsT Army, on SepTember 7, Tor Training.
Meanwhile, on SepTember I2-IS, The 5STh Field ArTilA
lery Brigade and The lO5Th AmmuniTion Train supporTed
The 89Th Division in The ST. Mihiel OperaTion. On Sepf
Tember IS, These uniTs were deTached Trom The B9Th
Division and ordered To The V Corps To suppOrT The 37Th
Division in The AvOcOurT SecTor. The 37Th, along wiTh
The Two 3OTh Division uniTs, occupied The fXvOcourT Secf
Tor On SepTember 2325.
THE SOMME OFFENSIVE
The 3OTh Division, less ArTillery, and The lO5Th Ammu-
niTion Train parTicipaTed in The Somme OTTensive Operaf
Tion SepTember 22-0cTober I. Cn The nighTs OT Sepf
Tember 2l, 22, 23 and 24, The division moved To The
TincourT-Boucly lBriTish FourTh Armyl Area, where The
Second Corps was aTTiliaTed wiTh The AusTralian FirsT
Division, easT OT VillereT and lTlargicOurT Trom 300 meTers
easT OT Buisson-Gaulaine Fme, Through La I-TauTe Bruyere,
la Terrasse Trench, Bois des Tuyas, Boyau du Chevreau,
To MalakOTT Fme. The S9Th lnTanTry Brigade occupied
The Torward area. Command passed To The 3OTh Di-
vision on SepTember 24.
SergeanT Homer L. Lane of The II5Th Field ArTiIIery, on Tennessee
maneuvers wiTh The 3OTh Division, hears "Uncle Polk" Sagely,
ConTederaTe veTeran of The FourTh Tennessee VolunTeers, declare
ThaT The modern 37-mm. enTi-Tank guns "couIdn'T hurT a TIea."
According To The old soldier, cannons, in his day, were Three
Times as large.
The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade and The I05Th Ammu-
niTion Train, meanwhile, parTicipaTed in The Ivleuse-An
gonne OperaTion. supporTing The 37Th and 32nd Divisions
Trorn SepTember 26 To OcTober 8.
On SepTember 26-27, The 30Th Division aTTacked Trom
a line OT deparTure beTween 300 and 400 meTers easT oT
The line beTween La I'IauTe Bruyere and IvIalakoTT Fme:
wiTh The BriTish 46Th Division on The righT, and The 27Th
Division on The leTT. On The nighT oT SepTember 27 and
28, The 6OTh InTanTry Brigade relieved The 59Th lnTanTry
HINDENBURG LINE IS SMASHED
SepTember 29, I9I8, broughT one OT The mosT impor-
TanT vicTories oT The World War I, Tor on ThaT daTe The
30Th Division baTTered iTs way Through The Flindenburg
Line, one of The mosT Tormidable baTTle lines known To
ImmediaTeIy aTTer The peneTraTion, The division crossed
The canal and capTured BelIicourT, Then enTered Nauroy.
The AusTralian FiTTh Division moved up To pass Through
The 30Th, and boTh divisions advanced To esTablish a
TronT Trom The inTersecTion oT WaTTling STreeT road and
canal, easT and norTheasT To Bois du CabareT, 800 meTers
norTheasT oT The Boise de IvIalakoTT. The nexT day The
command passed To The AusTralian FiTTh Division, buT
uniTs oT The 30Th which were in line parTicipaTed unTil
During iTs advance oT 20 miles, The division capTured
98 oTTicers, 3,750 enlisTed men, 72 pieces OT arTillery,
26 Trench morTars and 426 machine guns. IT suTTered
On OcTober I and 2 The division moved To The Heroe-
courT and Ivlesnil-BrunTel Areas, and on The TiTTh, The Il
Corps prepared To relieve The AusTralian Troops in The
TronT line. ReTurning To The TronT, The 59Th InTanTry
Brigade moved To Nauroy: The 6OTh InTanTry Brigade and
oTher uniTs moved To The TincourT-Boucly Area.
On The nighT oT OcTober 5 and 6 The 59Th InTanTry
Brigade relieved The AusTralian Second Division Trom
lvIonTbrehain To Beaurevoir, and on The sixTh, The 6OTh
InTanTry Brigade Took posiTion in supporT near I'IargicourT
and BellicourT. The nexT day The 59Th InTanTry Brigade
aTTacked To realign The TronT.
The division on OcTober 8, assisTed by Tanks, The 59Th
InTanTry Brigade and one baTTaIion Trom The 6OTh In-
TanTry Brigade, leading, aTTacked norTheasT, and cap-
Tured BrancourT-le-Grand and PremonT, and reached a
line Trom The Fme de Ia PieTe To The easTern ouTskirTs oT
PremonT: BriTish SixTh Division served on The righT, while
BriTish 25Th Division was on The leTT. The 6OTh InTanTry
Brigade passed Through The 59Th on OcTober 9, and
capTured Busigny and Becquigny. The nexT day The
division TronT exTended along The wesTern ouTskirTs oT
Vaux-Andigny, Through La I-Iaie-Ivlenneresse, and ST.
SoupIeT, To ST. Benin.
APPROACHING THE END
The 55Th Field ArTillery and The I05Th AmmuniTion
Train parTicipaTed, beTween OcTober II and November
II, in The occupaTion oT The Troyon SecTor, supporTing
The 79Th and 33rd Divisions.
On OcTober II, The division occupied Vaux-Andigny,
La I-Iaie-Ivlenneresse, and reached The norThwesTern ouT-
skirTs oT ST. MarTin-Riviere: iTs TronT exTending norTh
along The wesT bank of The La Selle River To ST. Benin.
IT was relieved during The nighT OT OcTober II and I2
by The 27Th Division, and resTed near PremonT, Bran-
courT-le-Grand, and IvIonTbrehain. Command passed on
The 30Th Division reTurned To The line on The nighT oT
OcTober I5 and I6, The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade relieving
The 54Th lnTanTry Brigade l27Th Divisionl, in The righT
secTor of The II Corps Trom Vaux-Andigny To one-haIT
kilomeTer wesT oT ST. IvIarTin-Riviere: BriTish SixTh Division
on The righT, 27Th Division on The leTT. On OcTober I7,
The division aTTacked norTheasT, crossing The La Selle
River, capTured lvlolain and esTablished a line Trom
Three-quarTers kilomeTer norTh oT La Demi-Lieue To
l'Arbre-de-Guise. The nexT day Ribeauville was occu-
pied. The TronT exTended Trom ReieT-de-Beaulieu To
Three-guarTers kilomeTer souTheasT oT la Jonquiere Fme,
on OcTober I9.
The 30Th Division was relieved by The BriTish FirsT Di-
vision on The nighT oT OcTober I9 and 20, and moved,
OcTober 20-23 To The viciniTy oT TincourT-Boucly and
Roisel. The division moved To Querrieu Area on Oc-
Tober 23, Tor rehabiliTaTion and Training.
OFFICERS IN BATTLE COMMAND
The Tollowing oTTicers were in command during The
30Th Division baTTle period in France and Belgium:
Major General Edward lvl. Lewis, Division Commander:
Brigadier General Lawrence D. Tyson, 59Th InTanTry
Brigade: Brigadier General Samson L. Faison, 60Th In-
TanTry Brigade: Brigadier Generals George G. GaTIy,
Jas. A. ShipTon and Jno. KilbreTh, Jr., 55Th Field ArTillery
Brigade: Colonel I-larry S. Berry, II5Th Field ArTillery:
Colonel Luke Lea, II4Th Field ArTillery: Colonel AlberT
L. Cox, Il3Th Field ArTillery: Colonel John K. Herr,
ChieT oT STaTT: Colonel I-Iarley B. Ferguson, IO5Th Engi-
neers: C.olonel Cary F. Spence, II7Th InTanTry: Colonel
PeTer F. McCully, II8Th InTanTry: Colonel John van B.
lvIeTTs, II9Th InTanTry, and Colonel Sidney W. Minor,
LieuTenanT Colonel S. T. Wallace measures The caliber of
capTured German gun.
Maior General Russell greeTs SecreTary of War STimson on The SecreTary's visiT To ForT Jackson, February 25, I94I.
The division, less ArTiIlery, moved To The American
EmbarIcaTion CenTer, Le Mans, on November I9. On
December 6, The 55Th Field ArTiIIery Brigade and The
IO5Th AmmuniTion Train, aTTached To The 33rd Division,
moved To Ivlersch, Luxembourg, buT on January 20, They
reverTed To The conTroI of The 3OTh Division. Cn Feb-
ruary I8, The IO5Th Trench lvIorTar BaTTery sailed Trorn
BresT Tor The UniTed STaTes.
The division moved To ST. Nazaire on Ivlarch 4, and
on March 6 The II3Th Field ArTiIIery sailed, and oTher
uniTs Tollowed in rapid succession. Division Headquar-
Ters deparTed Tor The UniTed STaTes on March I7, and
on April I8, The lasT eIemenTs arrived aT CharIesTon,
SouTh Carolina. The demobiIizaTion included: AT ForT
OgIeThorpe, April IO, I-leadguarTers 55Th Field ArTiIIery
Brigade, April I2, I-IeadquarTers, 59Th lnTanTry Brigade:
aT Camp Jaclcson, April I9, I-IeadquarTers oT The 6OTh
Brigade, Ivlay 7, Division I-IeadquarTers.
SERIES OF CITATIONS
WiTh The excepTion oT Three days, OcTober I2, I3,
and I4, when IT was in reserve, The division aTTacIced
every day Trom OcTober 8 To OcTober I9, inclusive, de-
TeaTing The enemy and making maTeriaI gains. The di-
vision lines were advanced Trom IvIonTbrehain To be ond
Ivlazinghien, a disTance oT more Than I3 miles. ana! The
Towns OT BrancourT, PremonT, Busigny, Vaux-Andigny,
EscauTorT, ST. Benin, ST. SoupIeT, Ribeauville and Maz-
inghien, as well as many villages and Tarms, were Talcen.
Prized in The archives OT The 3OTh Division is The cor-
respondence Tollowing World War I:
I bmi kim!
Leif: General George C. Mar-
shall, Chief of S-iaff, U. S. A.,
and Maier General William
E. Shecld, Commanding l
Corps. Below: Lieukenanl Gen-
l Hu h A Drum Com-
era g . ,
rnanding Firsi Army.
I-leadguarfers 3OTh Division, A. E. F.
France, OcTober I, I9I8.
General Orders No. 33.
I. The Division Commander wishes To congraTulaTe The
3OTh Division upon The success oT iTs firsT divisional
acfion, and To express appreciaTion of iTs firsT divisional
acTion, and To express appreciafion oT The courage, forTi-
Tude and devoTion played by iTs personnel.
2. To be given The Task, in The iniTial eTforT, To play
an imporTanT role in breaking Through The I-Iindenburg
Line, The sTrongesT defenses on The WesTern FronT, was
a greaT honor, and The facT ThaT The break-Through was
acTually made on The division fronf is ample evidence
ThaT The honor was nof misplaced, and is a crediT To The
fighTing efficiency oT The division, The command of which
The undersigned has every reason To be proud.
3. The division reTires Temporarily for reorganizaTion
and a well-earned resT, buT wiTh a feeling of saTisfacTion
aT a Task well done and wiTh augmenTed faiTh in iTseIf.
4. There is deep and keen regreT for The gallanT com-
rades who have gloriously died, and an earnesT inTenTion
of furTher perfecTion as a combaT organizaTion in order
ThaT The division may do To The fullesT exTenT possible iTs
share in bringing abouT early success of The greaT cause
in which They have fallen.
5. This order will be read To every organizaTion aT iTs
firsT formaTion and be posTed on bullefin boards.
E. M. LEWIS, Ivlaior General,
0cTober 2, I9l8.
My dear General:
As The II American Corps has now been wiThdrawn
from The line, and my official associafion wiTh you and
your Troops has been, for The Time being, suspended, I
desire To express To you The greaT pleasure iT has been
To me and To The Troops of The Ausfralian Army Corps
To have been so closely allied To you in The recenf very
imporTanT baTTle operaTions which have resulfed in The
breaking Through of The main I-lindenburg Line on The
fronT oT The I:ourTh BriTish Army.
Now ThaT The fuller deTails of The work done by The
27Th and 3OTh American Divisions have become avail-
able, The splendid gallanfry and devoTion of The Troops
in These operaTions have won The admiraTion oT Their
AusTralian comrades. The Tasks seT were formidable,
buT The American Troops overcame all obsTacles and
conTribuTed in a very high degree To The uITimaTe cap-
Ture of The whole Tunnel sysTem.
I shall be glad if you will convey To your Division Come
manders my appreciaTion of and Thanks for The work
done, and To accepT my besT wishes for every possible
success in The fufure.
JOI-IN IvlONASl'l, Commander,
AusTralian Corps, I:ourTh BriTish Army.
Presidenf RooseveIT, on his visiT To ForT Jackson April I, inspecTs Troops of The 30Th Division. Reading from IefT To righT, are: Maior
General Russell, Commanding Officer 30Th Division: PresicIenT Roosevelh Governor of SouTh Carolina Maybanlrsg and General Shedd,
Commanding Officer of FirsT Army Corps.
.M ,,.,f ,ae .wwf
3 'UQFK W- 3245 "YW-' l ,, :4 , 3? . S
FOURTH BRITISH ARMY
Ocfober 9, I9I8.
To: Major General G. W. Read,
Commanding II Army Corps.
On This occasion on which The II American Corps has
Taken parT in baTTle on iTs own, I desire To convey To
you and all members of your sTaff as well as To all oTher
ranlcs of The 3OTh Division my hearTy congrafulafions on
your vicTory Today.
The gaIlanTry of your infanfry and The precision wiTh
which all sTaff arrangemenTs have worlced have filled me
wiTh admiraTion and iT has given me pleasure To reporf
your unqualified success To Field Marshal Sir Douglas
Haig- HENRY RAWLINSON, General,
Commanding FourTh BriTish Army.
HEADQUARTERS 30TH DIVISION. A. E. F.
France, Ocfober 20, l9I8.
General Orders No. 38:
I. The 3OTh Division again reTires for resT and reorgan-
izaTion afTer adding anoTher chapTer To iTs already glori-
2. WiTh The excepTion of Three days-Ocfober I2, I3
and I4-when iT was in reserve, The division aTTaclced
every day from Ocfober 5 To OcTober I9, inclusive, de-
feaTing The enemy and making maTeriaI gains each day.
During The period, The lines were advanced by The di-
vision from MonTbrehain To beyond Mazinghien, a dis-
Tance of more Than I3 miles, and The Towns of Brancourf,
Premonf, Busigny, Vaux-Andigny, EscaufourT, ST. Benin,
ST. Souplef, Ribeauville and Mazinghien, as well as many
villages and farms, were Talcen.
3. During This period, 45 officers and I,8S9- ofher
ranlcs were Talcen prisoners and nearly 40 cannons, a
large number of machine guns and an immense amounf
of sTores of all Icind were capfured by The division.
4. The slcill, courage, forTiTude and endurance dis-
played by The division have won The admiraTion of all
and The commendaTion of high commanders.
5. Holding in affecTionaTe memory The comrades who
have fallen, jusTIy proud of iTs glorious achievemenTs
already accomplished, The division will devoTe iTselT un-
Tiringly To reorganizaTion and rehabiIiTaTion in The con-
fidence ThaT when again called upon iT will, as in The
pasT, be found equal To any Taslc ThaT may be assigned
T0 iT. E. M. LEWIS,
Major General Commanding.
In addiTion To ofher ciTaTions and cherished records of
The 3OTh Division is This from Sir Douglas Haig:
November I6, I9I8.
Commanding General, II American Corps:
Now ThaT The II American Corps is leaving The Brifish
Zone, I wish once more To Thanlc you and all ofTicers, non-
commissioned officers and men under your command, on
behalf bofh of myself and all ranks of The BriTish Armies
in France and Flanders, for The very gallanf and efficienT
service you have rendered during The period of your
operaTions wiTh The FourTh BriTish Army.
On The TwenTy-ninTh of Sepfember, you Toolc parT wiTh
disTincTion in The greaT and criTical aTTacIc which shaf-
Tered The enemy's resisfance in The Hindenburg Line and
opened The road To final vicTory. The deeds of The 27Th
and 3OTh American Divisions who on ThaT day Toolc Belli-
courT and Nauroy and so gaIIanTly susfained The des-
perafe sTruggle for Bony, will ranlc wiTh The highesf
achievemenTs of This war. They will always be remem-
bered by The BriTish regimenTs ThaT Toughf beside you.
Since ThaT daTe. Through Three weelcs of almosT con-
Tinuous fighfing, you advanced from one success To an-
oTher, overcoming all resisTance, beaTing off numerous
counTer-aTTacIcs, and capTuring several Thousand prisoners
and many guns. The names of Brancourf, Premonf,
Busigny, Vaux-Andigny, ST. SoupleT and Mazinghein Tes-
Tify To The dash and energy of your aTTacIcs.
I rejoice aT The success which has aTTended your efforfs
and I am proud To have had you under my command.
D. I'IAIG, Field Marshal.
ORGANIZATION OF THE 30TH DIVISION
AFTER THE WORLD WAR
As a parT oT The general plan To form The NaTional
Guard inTo TacTicaI divisions and brigades following The
World War, uniTs of The NaTional Guard in Georgia,
NorTh Carolina, SouTh Carolina, and Tennessee were as-
signed To The 3OTh Division.
The uniTs of The division aT The Time of iTs reorganiza-
Tion were The same as Today.
General E. J. Williams, who formerly had been The
Execufive Officer in The NaTional Guard Bureau, was
designaTed by The War DeparTmenT as Senior lnsTrucTor
of The 3OTh Division, and was also made The Division Com-
mander by The AdjuTanTs General of The inTeresTed
sTaTes in I926. I-Ie served as Division Commander for a
period of Two years and was succeeded by General E.
G. PeyTon, also of The Regular Army, who commanded
The division for four years. During The Time ThaT The
division was commanded by Generals Williams and Pey-
Ton The 55Th Field Arfillery Brigade was commanded by
Brigadier General RoberT J. Travis of Savannah, Georgia,
The 59Th lnTanTry Brigade was commanded by Brigadier
General Henry D. Russell of Macon, Georgia, The 6OTh
InfanTry Brigade was commanded by Brigadier General
J. Van B. MeTTs of Raleigh, NorTh Carolina.
In I932 Brigadier General I-Ienry D. Russell was se-
lecTed by The AdjuTanTs General To command The 3OTh
Division and was succeeded in command of The 59Th
Brigade by General Trelawney E. MarchanT of Columbia,
Upon The resignafion of Brigadier General J. Van B.
MeTTs, Colonel Donnell E. ScoTT was promoTed To The
grade of Brigadier General and assigned To The com-
mand of The 6O+h InfanTry Brigade. Brigadier General
RoberT J. Travis reTired January, I94I, and was suc-
ceeded by Colonel Godfrey Cheshire who was promofed
To The grade of Brigadier General.
Since iTs reorganizaTion The division has parTicipaTed
in maneuvers, as a division, on Three diTferenT occasions,
in Mississippi, I938: in Louisiana, I94O: and in The recenT
Second Army Maneuvers in Tennessee. IT was mobilized
aT ForT Jaclcson, SouTh Carolina, beginning on SepTember
I6, I94O, and has been undergoing inTensive Training aT
ForT Jaclcson since ThaT daTe. IT was selecTed as one of
The four NaTional Guard divisions for This early Training.
The 3OTh Division has been acTive since iTs reorganiza-
Tion in I926 and is now composed of The following uniTs:
55Th Field ArTillery Brigade: I I3Th Field ArTiIlery Regi-
menT, NorTh Carolina: II5Th Field ArTiIIery RegimenT,
Tennessee: I I8Th Field Arfillery RegimenT, Georgia.
59Th InfanTry Brigade: II8Th InfanTry RegimenT, SouTh
Carolina: I2IsT InfanTry RegimenT, Georgia.
6OTh InfanTry Brigade: II7Th InfanTry RegimenT, Ten-
nessee: I2OTh InfanTry RegimenT, NorTh Carolina.
lO5Th Engineer RegimenT, NorTh Carolina: IO5Th
Medical RegimenT, NorTh Carolina: IO5Th Quarfermasfer
RegimenT, Tennessee, NorTh Carolina and SouTh Car-
olina: 3OTh Division Special Troops, Georgia, NorTh
Carolina and Tennessee.
3' , 24 .q 32' Uh
l I "1-1 V, ' AX
I I IIL I I
COLONEL BENJAMIN T. WATKINS, CHIEF OF STAFF MAJOR GENERAL RUSSELL
Lieulenanf Colonel Blyflme Bond, G-I, and Maier James W. Lieulenanl Colonel Richard D, Gleaves, G-2. and Major Charles
Perkins, AssIs'ran+ G-I. R. Blomme, Assisianf G-2.
Lieufenanl' Colonel Paul R. Younls, G-3, rlghf, and Major Ernesl
Smi+h, ASsiS+an+ G-3. lefl. Lieufenanl Colonel George E. Mallelf, G-4.
Q-its 5, A
MAJOR A. J. SWANN, ADJUTANT GENERAL
Lieufenanf Colonel Franl: D. Pinclrney, Division Ordnance Secfion.
Lieufenanf Colonel James C, Dempsey, lnspecfor General.
Lieufenanf Colonel Marion B, Fowler, Finance Secfion.
Capfain J. W. Blounf, Morale Officer, and Second Lieufenanf
O, L. Williams, Afhlefic Officer.
Major Ragnar E. Johnson, Chemical Warfare Secfion, and Lieu-
fenanfs J, P. SuHon and O. W, Wafson.
gadier General Cheshire, Arfillery Officer, ancl Lieufenanf Colonel
LOOKING UP JACKSON BOULEVARD NEAR THE THIRTIETH DIVISION U-SHAPED HEADQUARTERS BUILDINGS
X I , ' : 4 v M .... :,-2 ' .... ,g f WN f uw, , '
Jim - I, H ,, - , -f V, .RI Y W
Q .,W. Y p if
i ,ui .L K' '1g'iQgXY1h,
5, ,b We
W W, I 12
Above, a mosaic presenfs Fori Jackson as if can
be seen foday from fhe air. The fraining cenfer for 4l,0O0 men, For? Jackson has become
wiihin a year ine sixih largesf +roop concenfrafion in fhe Unifed S+afes.
arf ac C5022
GROUND OF FORT
JACKSON. ooznen LAKE
pfaqfi ancf .fllued
1 4-N., fa- - Y W, . gg, -
Q- , 0,1 +,., - , 1 .ww ww V
-wax 42 .4-WA, A ,. Nw' ,Q '
Q .I .4 -44, 4 Y A -, A X ,ilu 'iq I 3, A ... ,XM ,3,,,V5h
AHJ. X ' "Wifi, ,hgh i ll
.. 4. i 3 u y. W. VV Q if L. -,
A ,N - .,. .N
, K I Y.. N fb -HLA ,gh .W ,Q
4 4' Q1 ji
If 30TH DIVISION POST OFFICE Above, ihe Dusf Bowl Training Field and fhe 30I'I1 Division Camp Area
THE WAREHOUSE SECTION AS SEEN FROM EAST ROAD
Top row, lef+ fo righfz The officers' pool and officers' quariers. Boffom row, leff fo righf, ihe
Division Signal School Building, Pos? Exchange.
THE COMMANDING GENERAL'S QUARTERS
V , 1 1
s . jfwlr- Ar
G? GOWLPOIZZIZE of
THE UNITED STATES
FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT
The President of the United States
THE ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES
The Constitution gives to Congress the power to
raise and support armies and designates the President
as Commander in Chief. By the National Defense Act
of June 3, 1916, as later amended by other laws, Con-
gress constituted the Army of the United States in six
components: the Regular Army, the National Guard of
the United States, the National Guard while in the
service of the United States, the Officers' Reserve Corps,
the Organized Reserves, and the enlisted Reserve Corps.
For simplicity only three components-the Regular
Army, the National Guard, and the Organized Reserves
-will be generally referred to in this book.
CONGRESS AND THE ARMY
Congress, under the Constitution, has the power to
"raise and support armies" for the defense of our coun-
try. Thus Congress determines the size of the Army
and each of its three components, including the National
Guard, and appropriates money each year to maintain
the Military Establishment. The Senate and the House
of Representatives each has a Committee on Military
Affairs and a Committee on Appropriations. Practically
all legislation affecting the Army of the United States,
except appropriations, is referred by each House to its
Committee on Military Affairs for study and report.
The National Guard and the other components of the
Army consist of officers and enlisted men divided into
combat arms, such as Infantry, Air Corps, and Field
Artillery, and into services, such as the Medical De-
partment and the Quartermaster Corps. Each arm,
service, and bureau has a i'Chief" in Washington. The
arms, services and bureau are as follows:
ARMS: Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, Coast Artil-
lery Corps, Air Corps, Corps of Engineers, Signal
SERVICES: Adjutant General's Department, Inspector
Generalis Department, Judge Advocate Generalis De-
partment, Quartermaster Corps, Finance Department,
Medical Department, Ordnance Department, Chemical
Warfare Service, Corps of Chaplains.
BUREAU: National Guard Bureau.
In general, the arms do the actual fighting in battle,
and the services assist the arms by supplying them with
food, clothing, weapons, ammunition, and other supplies,
and by furnishing transportation, medical care, and
other assistance. The National Guard Bureau is de-
THE SECRETARY OF WAR
The Secretary of War is head of the War Depart-
ment, charged with administering and managing the
department in all of its functions, military and non-
military. He supervises all estimates for appropriations
for Army expenses, all expenditures of money appro-
priated by Congress for the support, transportation, and
maintenance of the Army, and all expenditures for civil
works placed under his direction by Congress. He
carries out the provisions of the National Defense Act,
and is responsible for the protection of our seacoast, our
harbors, and our cities, for the development of improved
weapons and equipment, for the instruction, discipline,
and morale of all components and military training ac-
The Secretary of War
tivities of the Army, for the defense, maintenance, and
operation of the Panama Canal, and for the administra-
tion, government, and defense of insular possessions that
come under the War Department. The Secretary of
War also directs the activities of the Corps of En-
gineers in forming and carrying out plans for controlling
Hoods and improving waterways and harbors for naviga-
tion, and recommends plans for such improvements to
Congress, and makes contracts for their execution.
THE UNDERSECRETARY OF WAR
The Assistant Secretary of War is charged with su-
pervision of the procurement of all military supplies for
the Army of the United States, including the manufac-
ture at Government arsenals or Government-owned fac-
tories of all supplies these arsenals and factories can
produce economically. He is charged with insuring ade-
quate provision for the mobilization of materiel and
industrial organizations essential to wartime needs. He
supervises and acts upon the purchase, lease, and sale of
real estate under War Department control, including
leases, licenses, and rights-of-way to others, the sale of
surplus supplies, equipment, plants, and land or other
facilities. He supervises and acts upon claims, foreign
or domestic, by or against the War Department, clem-
ency cases in litigation or remission of sentence by court-
martial, matters relating to national cemeteries, activ-
The Undersecrefary of War
GENERAL GEORGE C. MARSHALL IJEUTENANT GENERAL LESLEY J. McNAlR
Chief of gfaff Chief of Staff
U niied States Army
ities relating to the National Board for the Promotion
of Rifle Practice and Civilian Marksmanship, permits
for the construction of bridges and submarine cables,
and the use of patent rights by the War Department
and the Army.
THE CHIEF OF STAFF
The Chief of Staff is the immediate adviser to the
Secretary of War on all military matters. He is charged
by the Secretary of War with planning, developing, and
executing the Army's program for national defense.
As the agent of, and in the name of the Secretary of
War, he issues orders to insure that the plans of the
War Department are harmoniously executed by all
branches and agencies in all components of the Army.
The Chief of Staff holds the temporary rank of gen-
eral while in oHice. The chiefs of most arms, services,
bureaus, and War Department General Staff divisions
are major generals or brigadier generals.
THE GENERAL HEADQUARTERS
The nucleus of such an organization was created by
order of the Secretary of War on July 26, 1940. It is
established at the Army War College, Washington,
D. C., with Major General Lesley McNair as Chief
Its function is to decentralize the activities of the War
Department by assisting the Chief of Staff in his dual
capacity as Chief of Staff of the Army and as Com-
manding General of the Field Forces. Working in co-
operation with all War Department agencies, the GHQ
directs and supervises the training of all troops located
in the continental United States, including mobile and
harbor defense troops, the GHQ Air Force and the
newly created Armored Force.
THE NATIONAL GUARD BUREAU
The Chief of the National Guard Bureau is the head
of that bureau of the War Department which is charged
with the administration of approved War Department
policies for the National Guard not in the service of the
United States, and with general administrative control
of all War Department activities incident to the rela-
tionship established by law and custom between such
National Guard and the Federal Government, except
when the Secretary of War definitely assigns such activ-
ities elsewhere. His primary aim is the development of
the National Guard to a state of high efliciency, ready
for immediate induction into the Army of the United
States upon the occurrence of an emergency requir-
The National Guard Bureau is the part of the War
Department through which the Secretary of War keeps
in constant touch with the whole National Guard. The
Chief of the National Guard Bureau is an oflicer of the
National Guard appointed by the President to active
duty for four years with the rank of major general.
As his assistants he has 30 officers of various arms and
services from the Regular Army and the National
The National Guard Bureau keeps records dealing
with the National Guard in time of peace. It estimates
the amount of money needed each year for Guard ex-
penses. It recommends to the Secretary of War how
the total of National Guard appropriations should be
divided among the States and Territories, and the Dis-
trict of Columbia. It also explains the policies and
plans of the War Department to the National Guard,
and it prepares regulations and makes suggestions of
many kinds looking toward National Guard improve-
ment and development.
On January 30, 1940, Major General John F. Wil-
liams, NG-US IMissouri National Guardj, took office
as the Chief of the National Guard Bureau. General
Williams had completed just prior to his appointment as
Chief of the National Guard Bureau a tour of active
duty in the Bureau as Chief of the Personnel Division.
THE NATIONAL GUARD
The National Guard, by the executive order of Sep-
tember 8, 1939, was increased to an authorized strength
of approximately 15,000 officers and 235,000 enlisted
men. It is made up of citizens of the United States
who are so interested in national defense that they de-
sire to take an active part in military affairs in additon
to managing their own private ones.
There are National Guard units in every one of the
48 States, in Hawaii, Alaska, and Puerto Rico, and in
the District of Columbia. These units are distributed
in 1,500 different stations. Like the Regular forces, the
JOHN F. WILLIAMS
The Chief, Nafional Guard Bureau
National Guard contains units of all the different arms
and services that go to form a modern army.
There is a long tradition behind the National Guard.
Even before the Colonies became States, some of them
had their own active units of organized volunteers. In
all of our wars, the States have given many such units
to our fighting armies. Indeed, their part in every war
in the history of the United States has been of highest
NATIONAL GUARDSMEN ON MOTOR MARCH
The National Guard has not always been a part of
our national forces. Originally it was composed of
troops separately formed and trained by each State,
and entirely under State control. It came under the
Federal control only in times of emergency. Each
State trained and equipped its regiments in its own way.
Even the uniforms were different.
In 1903, however, the National Guard came, by act
of Congress, much closer in touch with our National
Government and our Regular forces. Since that law
was passed, the National Guard has had the same kind
of service uniform and equipment as the Regular Army
and has followed the same methods of training. The
law of 1903 also gave authority for the National Guard
to have oflicers of the Regular Army as instructors, and
for the Guard to join with Regular Army units at
camps for field training.
Later acts of Congress, especially the National De-
fense Act of 1920 and the National Guard Status Bill
of 1933, have made the National Guard one of the
three main components of o.1r armed land forces. These
laws have established what is known as the National
Guard of the United States as distinguished from the
National Guard. Oflicers of the National Guard who
meet certain standards of age, physical condition, and
professional ability generally similar to those required in
the Regular Army, are then "federally recognized" and
appointed as oflicers in the National Guard of the
United States which makes them oflicers in the Army
of the United States. Practically all ofiicers of the
National Guard are so appointed. To the extent pro-
vided for from time to time by appropriations for this
specific purpose, the President may order ofiicers of the
National Guard of the United States to active duty
in an emergency at any time and for the period of the
emergency, subject to the qualification that, except in
time of emergency expressly declared by Congress, no
officer of the National Guard of the United States shall
be employed on active duty for more than fifteen days in
any one calendar year without his own consent. The
Governor of a State, of course, can order the National
Guard of his State to active duty for training and other
purposes in accordance with the laws of that State. All
members of the National Guard take an oath to bear
true allegiance to the United States and to their own
State, and to obey the orders of the President of the
United States and the Governor of their own State.
In consequence of this obligation, they are not only
liable to Federal call or order in a national emergency,
but to call within their own States in times of local
Perhaps, this somewhat complicated matter will be
understood more clearly when it is remembered that un-
der Presidential "Call," the National Guard is, in a
sense, borrowed from the Governors of the States and
Territories, and used to repel invasion, put down rebel-
lion, or enforce the laws of the Union. No action by
Congress is necessary. The National Guard units thus
borrowed do become a part of the Army of the United
States while they are in the national service.
Under a Presidential "order" the National Guard
of the United States, already a part of the Army of the
United States, comes instantaneously into active military
service. There must be a war or equivalent national
emergency declared by Congress. The National Guard
immediately loses its status as State troops under an
"order," although this status is simply in abeyance.
When the war or other emergency is over, the units
have to be returned to the States from which they came.
All units and individuals then resume their purely peace-
time State status.
The National Guard Divisions thus ordered or to be
ordered into the active military service of the United
disaster or danger.
FIRING GARAND RIFLE FROM PRONE POSITION
f ...la . 1'
, . yn .. Q 1
I55-MM. HOWITZER FIELD ARTILLERY ENTERING CAMP AREA
States by virtue of the authority conferred upon the
President by Public Resolution 96, 76th Congress, ap-
proved August 27, 1940, and the National Defense Act
of June 3, 1916, as amended B9 Stat. 1661, will be
During the World War, National Guard units of
the various States and Territories contributed almost
half a million men to the Army. Two out of every
five divisions that went to France were National Guard
units, and by far the greater part of these saw service
on the field of battle.
The National Guard receives money by annual appro-
priation from Congress for many of its needs. These
funds provide arms and other equipment, uniforms,
motor vehicles, horses, and airplanes, provide for the
construction and repair of certain buildings- at camps,
and for sending officers to the service schools of the
Regular Army for courses of training, and for many
other needs. It receives money from the States for the
building and upkeep of armories and camps, for extra
field training pay and extra pay in times of State emer-
gency, and for numerous other expenses.
At their home stations the units of the National
Guard assemble at least one night a week for active
training. They meet in armories provided by their
States not only as drill halls but as places where arms
and equipment can be safely kept. Often, too, there are
meetings of a social kind, for there is relaxation within
the brotherhood of arms, as well as hard work.
In the summer the National Guard goes to camps
for field training. These may be purely State camps
composed entirely of National Guard troops, or Guard
units may join with parts of the Regular Army in large
maneuvers. This summer training usually lasts for two
weeks. An important part of it is the actual travel from
home station to camp by marching, by motors, or by
I VII 'I
train, which gives practice in troop movement for field
service. Similar field training may be held at other
times of the year.
Officers of the Guard also prepare themselves for
their part in national defense by attending military
schools. Selected ofiicers go each year to the service
schools of the Regular Army. Many others attend
officers' schools in their own units, or study the cor-
respondence lessons of the Army Extension Courses, or
otherwise improve their military knowledge.
Members of the National Guard who find themselves
unable to continue their active military training owing
to pressure of business or other personal reasons may
be transferred to the Inactive National Guard, and thus
keep their contact with the Army. Members of the
Inactive National Guard retain their grades and may
be called to active duty in case of war to H11 vacancies
in National Guard units. Members of the Inactive Na-
tional Guard may attend training with active National
Guard units under regulations prescribed by the Chief
Coast Artillery 3-inch anfiaircraff gun.
VANCING TO A NEW POSITION, INFANTRYMEN PULL THEIR MACHINE GUN OVER A RID
of the National Guard Bureau. No transfer is per-
mitted from the Inactive National Guard to an active
status. Above the grade of first lieutenant the number
of inactive members is limited to the number required
to bring the officer personnel of the Guard to war
For strategical military purposes the United States is
divided into four Army areas, and for military admin-
istrative purposes into nine corps areas:
First Corps Area: Headquarters at Boston, Mass.,
Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode
Second Corps Area: Headquarters at Governors
Island, N. Y.: New Jersey, Delaware, New York.
Third Corps Area: Headquarters at Baltimore, Md.,
Pennsylvania, Maryland, Virginia, District of Columbia.
Fifth Corps Area: Headquarters at Fort Hayes, Co-
lumbus, Ohiog Ohio, West Virginia, Indiana, Kentucky.
Sixth Corps Area: Headquarters at Chicago, Ill.,
Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin.
Battalion aid siafion.
Fourth Corps Area: Headquarters at Atlanta, Ga.,
North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Ala-
bama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Louisiana.
Eighth Corps Area: Headquarters at Fort Sam Hous-
ton, San Antonio, Tex., Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado,
New Mexico, Arizona fin partl .
Seventh Corps Area: Headquarters at Omaha, Nebr.g
Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas, Iowa, Nebraska, Minne-
sota, North Dakota, South Dakota, Wyoming.
Ninth Corps Area: Headquarters at Presidio of San
Francisco, Calif., Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Mon-
tana, Utah, Nevada, Arizona fin partl, California,
The overseas departments are: The Hawaiian De-
partment, the Philippine Department, the Panama Canal
Department, and the Puerto Rican Department.
The National Guard is organized into divisions,
brigades, regiments, and other units like the Regular
Army. The units in each corps area come under the
supervision of the corps area commander in time of
Base hospi+aI operating room.
I VIH I
peace, and automatically become part of his command
when they are Hrst ordered into the active military
service of the United States in case of national emer-
The National Guard Infantry divisions, and the
States and corps areas in which they are located, are
Corps .ffrm Di-vision Sfalex
I . 26th Division Massachusetts.
I . 43rd Division Connecticut, Maine, Rhode Island, Ver-
II . 27th Division New York.
II . 44th Division New jersey, New York
III 28th Division Pennsylvania.
III 29th Division Maryland, Virginia, District of Colum-
IV . 30th Division Georgia, North Carolina, South Caro-
IV. 31st Division Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Missis-
V . 37th Division Ohio.
V . 38th Division Indiana, Kentucky, VVest Virginia.
VI . 32nd Division Michigan, VVisconsin.
VI . 33rd Division Illinois.
VII 34th Division . Iowa, Minnesota, North Dakota, South
VII 35th Division . Kansas, Missouri, Nebraska.
VIII 36th Division . Texas.
VIII 45th Division . Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, New
IX 40th Division . California, Utah.
IX 41st Division . Idaho, Montana, Oregon, VVashington,
The National Guard Cavalry organizations are dis-
tributed in the States and corps areas as follows:
Corps Area Unit Slate:
II .... IOISt Cavalry CH-Meczj New York
II . loznd Cavalry IH-Meczj New jersey
III . 104th Cavalry IH-Meczj Pennsylvania
VI . 106th Cavalry IH-Meczj Illinois
V . 107th Cavalry IH-Meczj Ohio
VII II3fl'l Cavalry IH-Meczb Iowa
IX . 115th Cavalry III-Meczj VVyoming
VIII . 56th Cavalry Brigade IHD . . Texas
There are many other National Guard units, which
are not a part of numbered divisions, located in most of
the States shown in the above table, in New Hampshire,
Delaware, and Arkansas, and in Puerto Rico and Ha-
Units of the National Guard, like those of the Reg-
ular Army and the Organized Reserves, are designated
by numbers. Regiments have, in general, numbers be-
tween 100 and 300, and infantry divisons have numbers
between 26 and 75. Others may use their old names
in addition to their new numbers, for example, the
Washington Artillery, which is the One I-Iundred and
Forty-first Field Artillery flsouisiana National Guard, .
The arms-the fighting units-of our Army are: the
Infantry, Cavalry, Field Artillery, Coast Artillery Corps,
Air Corps, Corps of Engineers, and Signal Corps.
Above: Non-commissioned officers study a situation map.
Above: .50 caliber machine gun crew awaits enemy.
Below: Infantry scout, with hat camouflaged. taltes refuge in high
Along a counfry road, horse cavalry heads for fhe fron? fo confacf enemy forces.
The Infantry is the principal combat arm, though the
Cavalry also comes into direct personal contact with the
enemy on the ground and the Air Corps with him in the
air. The Cavalry and the Air Corps have also the task
of going out ahead of the other elements of the Army
to locate the enemy and gain first contact with his forces,
and after that to watch closely what the hostile army
does and where it moves. The Air Corps, in addition,
flies long distances to bomb the supply centers and other
rear installations of the enemy, thus to interfere with
and delay his operations.
The guns and howitzers of Field Artillery add their
strong supporting fires to the bullets and shells of In-
fantry and Cavalry to defeat an enemy in battle. The
antiaircraft guns of Coast Artillery attack all enemy
planes that come within sight and range, and the coast
defense guns of this same arm share with the Navy and
with the Army Air Corps the vital task of protecting
our shores from any possible attempts at a hostile land-
The Engineers plan and help to build the field fortifi-
cations of part or all of the Army when it goes on the
defensive, and help it to move readily from place to
place by building and repairing roads and bridges. This
arm has many other engineering duties such as making
maps and constructing buildings and railways. The
Chow line af maneuvers
Cavalry scouf cars in maneuve s
Signal Corps keeps the different units of the Army in
constant touch, during battle and campaign, through
radio, telegraph, telephone, messengers, and other com-
The arms, assisted by the services, cooperate to the
utmost in war to defeat the enemy, and in peace to
prepare all components of the Army of the United
States for an efficient and adequate defense of our coun-
try. Ar the same time, each arm has its own long-
standing traditions. Among them is a line rivalry in
excellence at arms as well as a genuine spirit of close
cooperation in all the modern activities of a major
The Infantry is the main fighting part of an army. It
fights on foot and in tanks. Ir can maneuver and fight,
attack and defend, on all kinds of ground. In battle,
Infantry usually has the main task. With the support
of other arms, it moves against the enemy and over-
comes him, it gains ground and holds it. If the enemy
attacks in force the defensive firmness and fire-power of
Infantry are the final means of stopping him and driving
him back again.
The peace strength of Infantry units is roughly two-
thirds their war strength.
Ordnance re pair fruclt.
INFANTRYMEN ADVANCING ACROSS FIELD
The chief weapons of Infantry are the shoulder rifle
with its bayonet, the tank, and the machine gun. Other
Infantry weapons, all of them important in warfare,
are the hand grenade, the caliber .30 automatic rifle,
the pistol, the caliber .50 and the 37-mm. fantitankl
guns, and the 60- and 81-mm. mortars.
The following table gives the characteristics of all
Infantry weapons except the bayonet and the tank:
CHARACTERISTICS or INFANTRY VVeAPoNs
RiHe, M 1903 .... . .30
Rifle M1 fsemiautomaticj . .30
Automatic rifle ...... 30
Machine gun ...... 30
Antitank gun ...... 50
37-mm. fantitankj gun . . 1.4
60-mm. mortar ..... 2.4
81-mm. mortar ..... 3.2
Pistol .... . .45
Hand grenade ..... ...,..
Maxi- Rate W'eight of
mum of ammuni-
range Weight fre tion
Yards Pounds min.
S1500 3.4 7-10 1 ounce
5600 9-4 I5'30 I 01-IIICC
5,500 I7.I 150 I ounce
5,500 82.0 525 1 ounce
7,500 128.0 500 4 Ounces
71500 350-0 30 4 pounds
1,300 5I-4 30-35 2.4 pounds
3,280 134.0 30-35 7.2 8: 15.8
I,6O0 2-4 ........ 1.5 ounces
50 ----.... ........ 1 .3 pounds
There are 80 Infantry Regiments in the National
Guard. Their numerical designations, composition and
States to which they belong are given in the table which
51st Infantry Brigade ....
52nd Infantry Brigade .
53rd Infantry Brigade .
54th Infantry Brigade
55th Infantry Brigade
56th Infantry Brigade
57th Infantry Brigade
58th Infantry Brigade
59th Infantry Brigade
Div. New York
Div. . New York
Div. . Pennsylvania
Div. . Pennsylvania
Div. . New jersey
Div. . Maryland
Div. . Georgia-S.C.
60th Infantry Brigade 30th Div. North Carolina
61st Infantry Brigade 31st Div. La.-Miss.
62nd Infantry Brigade 3ISf Div. Ala.-Fla.
63rd Infantry Brigade 32nd Div. Michigan
64th Infantry Brigade 32nd Div. Wisconsin
65th Infantry Brigade 33rd Div, Illinois
66th Infantry Brigade 33rd Div. Illinois
67th Infantry Brigade 34th Div. Iowa
68th Infantry Brigade 34th Div. Minn.-N.D.
69th Infantry Brigade 35th Div. Kansas-Nebr.
70th Infantry Brigade 35th Div. Missouri
7ISt Infantry Brigade 36th Div. Texas
72nd Infantry Brigade 36th Div. Texas
73rd Infantry Brigade 37th Div. Ohio
74th Infantry Brigade 37th Div. Ohio
75th Infantry Brigade 38th Div. Kentucky
76th Infantry Brigade 38th Div. Indiana
79th Infantry Brigade 40th Div. California
80th Infantry Brigade 40th Div. California
81st Infantry Brigade 4ISf Div. Washington
82nd Infantry Brigade 4ISt Div. Oregon
85th Infantry Brigade 43rd Div. Connecticut
86th Infantry Brigade 43rd Div. Maine
87th Infantry Brigade 44th Div. New York
88th Infantry Brigade 29th Div. Virginia
89th Infantry Brigade 45th Div. Ariz.-Colo.
90th Infantry Brigade 45th Div. Oklahoma
92nd Infantry Brigade Insular Pos. Puerto Rico
Unit Division State
71st Infantry . . 44th Div. New York
IOISY Infantry . . 26th Div. Massachusetts
102nd Infantry . 43rd Div, Connecticut
1o3rd Infantry . 43rd Div, Maine
104th Infantry . 26th Div, Massachusetts
105th Infantry . 27th Div. New York
106th Infantry . 27th Div. New York
108th Infantry . 27th Div. New York
109th Infantry . 28th Div Pennsylvania
110th Infantry . 28th Div. Pennsylvania
111th Infantry , 28th Div. Pennsylvania
112th Infantry . 28th Div. Pennsylvania
113th Infantry . 44th Div. New jersey
114th Infantry . 44th Div. New jersey
115th Infantry . 29th Div. Maryland
116th Infantry . 29th Div. Virginia
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INFANTRY PASSING IN REVIEW
117th Infantry , . 30th
118th Infantry . , . 30th
IZOIII Infantry . . . 30th
131st Infantry . . goth
I2.I.iII Infantry . . . 3ISf Div.
IZSIII Infantry . . . 32nd Div
IZGIII Infantry , . . 32nd Div
137th Infantry . . 32nd Div
IZSIII Infantry . 32nd
129th Infantry . . 33rd Div
IXOTII Infantry . . 33rd Div
131st Infantry . . . 33rd Div
igznd Infantry , . . 33rd Div
133rtI Infantry . . . 34th
I3.I,fII Infantry . , 35th Div
ISSIII Infantry . 34th Div
137th Infantry . 35th Div
I3gfII Infantry . 35th Div
I.1,0iIl Infantry . . . 35th Div
LIISI Infantry . . 36th Div
I42IIlI Infantry . . 36th
I.1,3I'Kl Infantry . 36th
I4,.4,tII Infantry , . 36th Div
145th Infantry . 37th Div
I47III Infantry . . . 3'7iII Div
148th Infantry . . . 37th Div
149th Infantry . . . 38th Div
ISOIII Infantry . . . 38th Div
ISIST Infantry . . 38th
ISZIIKI Infantry . 38th
Infantry . -
Infantry . .
During maneuvers: ILeffI Infantry on night march. IRigh+I Infantry machine gun guarding bridgehead.
The Cavalry has many tasks in war. Not only does it
CROSS-COUNTRY HIKING TOUGHENS RECRUITS
297th Infantry . . InsularPos. Alaska
298th Infantry ....... IIISUIHFPOS. Hawaii
299th Infantry ....... InsularPos. Hawaii
372nd Infantry fRifieJ CColoredl Cv.H.Q. . . D.C.-Md.-Mass.
MILITARY PoI,IcE BA'I"rAI,IoN
rorst Military Police Battalion . G.H.Q. . . New York
Mll.l'I'.-XRY PoI.IcI3 CoMPANx'
Unit Division Staff
26th Military Police Company . . 26th Div. . Massachusetts
27th Military Police Company . . 27th Div. . New York
28th Military Police Company . . 28th Div. . Pennsylvania
29th Military Police Company . 29th Div. . Dist. of Col.
goth Military Police Company . . goth Div. . Georgia
3ISf Military Police Company . . 31st Div. . Alabama
32nd Military Police Company . . 32nd Div. . Wisconsin
33rd Military Police Company . . 33rd Div. . Michigan
34th Military Police Company . . 34th Div. . Minnesota
35th Military Police CompaIIy . . 35th Div. . Kansas
36th Military Police Company . . 36th Div. . Texas
37th Military Police Company . . 37th Div. . Ohio
38th Military Police Company . . 38th Div, . Kentucky
.Ioth Military Police Company . . 40th Div. . California
.pst Military Police Company . . 4ISf Div. . Wyoming
43rd Military Police Company . . 43rd Div. . Connecticut
44th Military Police CompaIIy . . 44th Div. . New jersey
45th Military Police Company . . 45th Div. . Oklahoma
the same as the corresponding Infantry weapons. In
The Infantry is now being equipped with fast modern
tanks, which carry substantial armor and machine guns.
They can move about 35 miles an hour on roads and
rapidly across fields, and can go at a good rate over
rough ground. Tanks are organized into separate In-
fantry units of their own. Tank organizations in the
National Guard and the States to which they belong are
'IiAN It BATTALIONS
Unit Difuision Stair
IQISI Tank Battalion . . . Army Trs. N.Y.-Mass.-
Ist Army Va.-Conn.
Igznd Tank Battalion . . Army Trs. YVis.-Ill.-Ohio-
2nd Army Ky.
I93rd Tank Battalion . . Army Trs. Ga.-Ala.-Tex:
3rd Army Colo.
194th Tank Battalion ..... Army Trs. Minn.-Mo.-
4th Army Calif.-VVash.
Unit Di-vision Stair
IOISY Antitank Battalion . . . G.H.Q. . . New York
Ioznd Antitank Battalion . . G.H.Q. . . New York
xo3rd Antitank Battalion .... G.H.Q. . . Washington
104th Antitank Battalion .... G.l-LQ. . . New Mexico
105th Antitank Battalion .... G.H.Q. . . Pennsylvania
The Cavalry is a fast-moving fighting arm. It is
divided into two kinds-I-Iorse Cavalry, and Mechanized
Cavalry which moves and fights in armored cars and in
combat cars that are much like tanks. Horse Cavalry,
when it comes in contact with the enemy, usually dis-
mounts and fights on foot like Infantry. Cavalry on
Horse charges at the enemy when it surprises small
groups of his forces.
join the other fighting arms in direct attacks upon the
enemy, it also precedes the main army, exploring the
ground ahead of it, driving back the enemyis Cavalry
or other advance troops, and reconnoitering to find the
enemy's main forces.
The weapons of the Cavalry include the pistol, semi-
automatic rifle, caliber .30 air-cooled machine gun,
caliber .30 water-cooled machine gun, caliber .45 sub-
machine gun, caliber .50 machine gun, 37-mm. gun, and
60-mm. and 81-mm. mortars. These weapons are much
addition, there are a large number of combat vehicles
known as scout cars, mortar carriers, combat cars and
lfnit Difvision Slate
56th Cav. Brig ........ G.H.Q. Res. Texas
Unit Dilvision Stale
IOISt Cavalry KH-Meczl Corps New York
Ioznd Cavalry CH-Meczj Corps New jersey
1o4th Cavalry KH-Meczj Corps Pennsylvania
106th Cavalry CH-Meczb Corps Illinois
CAVALRY ON THE MARCH
107th Cavalry KH-Meczj . . .Corps
112th Cavalry ........ G.H.Q. .
113th Cavalry CH-Meczl . . . Corps . . Iowa
115th Cavalry CH-Meczj . . . Corps . . Wlyoming
124th Cavalry , ....... G.H.Q. . . Texas
Cur Horse-Mechanized Regiments,
ferred to as Corps Reconnaissance Regiments fcharacter-
istic of the duty which they are designed to performl
are designated, one for each Army Corps. They are
composed of a Headquarters and Headquarters Troop,
a Service Troop and two squadrons. The first squadron
is a horse squadron of three troops with Portee equip-
ment for transporting the horse squadron rapidly when
suitable roads permit. The second squadron is mechan-
ized and consists of two reconnaissance troops of scout
cars and a motorcycle troop. The National Guard has
seven Horse-Mechanized Regiments and one brigade of
Horse Cavalry. The numerical designations of these
regiments and the States to which they belong are as
given in the table above.
THE FIELD ARTILLERY
In battle the Field Artillery fires its accurate and
powerful weapons in support of the main fighting arms,
the Infantry and the Cavalry. The Field Artillery does
not light alone, but is equipped to defend itself against
direct attack by the enemy from the air or on the
ground. It gives its strong support to the other arms
in battle through the fire power of its cannons, known
as guns and howitzers. Its guns fire shells which do not
rise far above the earth, its howitzers fire shells which
curve high into the air and can thus reach targets pro-
tected from the fire of guns by such obstacles as hills.
The light artillery of our Army includes the 75-mm.
fapproximately 3-inch, gun, the 75-mm. howitzer, and
the 105-mm. howitzer, which may be horse-drawn or
truck-drawn, the 75-mm. howitzer may also be pack-
carried. These weapons can be moved rapidly from
place to place, and can be put in position, ready to fire,
in less than a minute. Light artillery is used mainly in
direct support of Infantry and Cavalry units. Our me-
dium Artillery is the 155-mm. fapproximately 6-inchj
howitzer, which is truck-drawn and almost as fast in
movement and action as Light Artillery. Classed as
Heavy Artillery are the 155-mm. guns, 8-inch howitzers,
and 240-mm. howitzers. It takes I to 6 hours to emplace
and prepare these heavy weapons for firing. They are
drawn by heavy tractors.
In detail the characteristics of these wea ons are:
Caliber Wright lVeig!zt
Cmillimetersl Type Range in trafwl of shell
Yards Pounds Pounds
75 . Howitzer Cpackj 9,500 1,470 I5
75 . . Gun, model M2 13,600 3,650 I5
105. . Ilowitzer . . 12,140 5,750 33
155 . , . . do . 12,400 8,960 95
155 . . . Gun . 26,000 30,700 95
240. . . Ilmsitzer I6,4OO 58,600 345
8 Cinehl , .do . , 18,700 29,600 200
The Field Artillery is organized into batteries, bat-
talions, and brigades. There are 78 Field Artillery
Regiments in the National Guard at the present time.
The numerical designations of these regiments, their
composition and the States to which they belong are
as given in the table which follows:
FIELD .AR'l'II.I.ERY Brucao ES
Uni! Di-virion Shire
51st Field Artillery Brigade 26th Div. . .Nlassaclnrst-tts
52nd Field Artillery Brigade 17th Div, . .New York
53rd Field Artillery Brigade 18th Div. Pennsylvania
54th Field Artillery Brigade 29th Div. Virginia
55th Field Artillery Brigade 30th Div, Georgia
56th Field Artillery Brigade Slst Div. Fla.-Ala.flVliss.
57th Field Artillery Brigade 32nd Div. . .xvisronsin
58th Field Artillery Brigade 33rd Div. Illinois
59th Field Artillery Brigade 34th Div. Minnesota
60th Field Artillery Brigade 35th Div. Kansas
6151: Field Artillery Brigade 36th Div, Texas
62nd Field Artillery Brigade 37th Div. Ohio
63rd Field Artillery Brigade 38th Div. Kentucky
65th Field Artillery Brigade 40th Div. Utah
66th Field Artillery Brigade 41st Div. Waslririgtorr
68th Field Artillery Brigade 43rd Div. Maine-Rlrode Island
69th Field Artillery Brigade 44th Div. New jersey
70th Field Artillery Brigade 45th Div. Oklahoma
71st Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops New York
72nd Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops Nlichigan
73rd Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops Pennsylvania
74th Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops Georgia
75th Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops Tennessee
76th Field Artillery Brigade Corps Troops California
Units Division Stale
10lst Field Artillery f75-mm T.D.l . . .26th Div. Nlassachusetts
l02nd Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . .26th Div, Nlassarhusetts
l03rd Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.l . . .43rd Div.. . . Rhode Island
104th Field Artillery Q75-mm T,D,j . . .27th Div. . . . New York
105th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.7 . . . 27th Div. . . . New York
106th Field Artillery H55-mtn Howj . . . 27th Div. . . . New York
107th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 28th Div. . . . Pennsylvania
108th Field Artillery 1155-mm I-low.J . . . 28th Div. . . . Pennsylvania
I09th Field Artillery i75emm T.D.J . . . 28th Div. . . . Pennsylvania
110th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.j . . . 29th Div. Nlaryland
lllth Field Artillery Q75'mm T.D.J . . . 29th Div. Virginia
112th Field Artillery iHorse-Drawnj . . .GHQ . New Jersey
113th Field Artillery i155fmm How.J . . . 30th Div. North Carolina
114th Field Artillery 1155-mm I-iow.j . . . Zlst Div. . . . Mississippi
115th Field Artillery Q75ernm T.D.J . . . 30th Div. . . . Tennessee
116th Field Artillery f75-mm T.D.J . . . ilst Div. . . . Florida
117th Field Artillery f75-mm T.D.b . . . Slst Div. . . . Alabama
l18th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.l . . . 30th Div. . . . Georgia
119th Field Artillery i155fmm Gunj . . . Corps Troops . Michigan
120th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . .3Znd Div. Wisconsirr
1Z1st Field Artillery H55-mm I-Iow.j . . .3Znd Div. Wisconsitr
l22nd Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . . 33rd Div. . . . Illinois
123rd Field Artillery U55-tntn How.j . . . 33rd Div. . . . Illinois
124th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 33rd Div. Illinois
125th Field Artillery 175-mm T,D.l . . . 34th Div. . . . Nlinnesota
l26th Field Artillery 175-mm Trk-DD . . . 32nd Div. Wiscorisiri
127th Field Artillery U55-mm I-Iow.j . . . 35th Div. Kansas
128th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . . GHQ Res. . . Missouri
130th Field Artillery 175emm T.D.J . . . 35th Div. Kansas
l31st Field Artillery i75fmm T.D.l . . .36th Div. Texas
l32nd Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.j . . . 36th Div. Texas
133rd Field Artillery 1155-mm I-Iow.j . . . 36th Div. Texas
134th Field Artillery i75emm T.D.J . . . 37th Div. Ohio
135th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 37th Div. Ohio
l36th Field Artillery 1155-mm How.l . . . 37th Div. Ohio
138th Field Artillery 175Arnm T.D.J . . . 38th Div. Kentutky
139th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . . 38th Div. Indiana
l41st Field Artillery 1155-mm Howj . . . Corps Troops . Louisiana
142nd Field Artillery 1155-mm I'Iow.J . . . GHQ . Arkansas
143rd Field Artillery f75fmm T. Dj . . .40th Div.. . . California
144th Field Artillery 1155-mm Gunj . . . Corps Tro California
145th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D,j . . . 40th Div. . . . Utah
146th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.j . . . 41st Div. . . . Washitrgtorr
147th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.J . . .GHQ Res. . .South Dakota
148th Field Artillery Q75-mm T.D.p . . .4lst Div. Idaho
150th Field Artillery H55-mm Howj . . . 38th Div. Indiana
151st Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 34th Div. Minnesota
152nd Field Artillery Q75-mm T,D.J . . . 43rd Div. Maine
156th Field Artillery 175-mm T.D.J . . . 44th Div. New York
157th Field Artillery f155emm I'low,J . . . 44th Div. New Jersey
F l E L D A R T l L L E R Y M E N F I R l N G 7 5
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158th Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., 45th Div.. . .Okla.-Ariz.
l6Oth Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., 45th Div. . . .Oklahoma
l61st Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., 35th Div.. . . Kansas
l62nd Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., Insular Pos. . . Puerto Rico
165th Field Artillery T75-mm T.D., 44th Div. . . .New jersey
166th Field Artillery T155-mm How., . . .Corps Troops Pennsylvania
168th Field Artillery T155-mm Gun, Corps Troops . Colorado
172nd Field Artillery T155-mm How., . . . Corps Troops New Hampshire
176th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 29th Div.. . .Pennsylvania
177th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Michigan
178th Field Artillery T155-mm How., GHQ Res. . . South Carolina
179th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps . . . . Georgia
180th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 26th Div. . . . Massachusetts
l8lst Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Tennessee
182nd Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Michigan
l83rd Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Idaho
184th Field Artillery T155-mm How., GHQ ..,. Illinois
185th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 34th Div. . . . Iowa
186th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops New York
187th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops New York
188th Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops North Dakota
189th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 45th Div. . . . Oklahoma
l90th Field Artillery T155-mm Gun, Corps Troops Pennsylvania
l9lst Field Artillery T155-mm How., Corps Troops Tennessee
l92nd Field Artillery T155-mm How., 43rd Div. . . . Connecticut
218th Field Artillery T155-mm How., 41st Div. . . . Oregon
222nd Field Artillery T155-mm How., 40th Div. . . . Utah
258th Field Artillery T155-mm Gun, Corps Troops New York
THE COAST ARTILLERY CORPS
With its fixed and mobile guns capable of firing many
miles to sea, the Coast Artillery Corps protects impor-
tant parts of our shores-mainly the entrances to our
largest harbors and ports-from approach by hostile
landing forces and from bombardment by hostile navies.
In this task of coast defense the Coast Artillery acts
in close cooperation with the United States Navy.
The Coast Artillery also has units with powerful anti-
aircraft guns whose purpose is to protect our most im-
portant centers of population and industry, and the
main headquarters and installations of our armies in the
field, from the war planes of an enemy.
Thus Coast artillery regiments are of two main kinds
-harbor defense and antiaircraft. Sometimes two or
more regiments are formed into a brigade under a sin-
The number of antiaircraft and harbor defense regi-
Coasf Ariillery firing 3-inch anfiaircrafr gun at night.
The ears of the anti-aircraft organization are the sound Iocaiers.
ments of the National Guard, with their numerical
designations and States of origin, are shown below:
Corxsr ARTII.I.liRY' BRIGADE
Uni? Divirian Stale
1Olst Coast Artillery Brigade ....... GI-IQ . . . . Minnesota
lO2nd Coast Artillery Brigade ...... GHQ .... New York
Corisr AkTii.i.EkY CORPS
Unit Division Stale
197th Coast Artillery TAA, ........ GHQ . . . New Hampshire
198th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . Gr-IQ .... Delaware
200th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ .... New Mexico
201st Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . Insular Pos. . . Puerto Rico
202nd Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ .... Illinois
ZO3rd Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Missouri
204th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Louisiana
205th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Washington
206th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Arkansas
207th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . New York
208th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GI-IQ . . . Connecticut
209th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ r . . New York
210th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . Michigan
Zllth Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GHQ . . . Massachusetts
212th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . GHQ . . . New York
213th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GHQ . . . Pennsylvania
214th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GHQ . . . Georgia
215th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GI-IQ . . . Minnesota
216th Coast Artillery TAA, . . . . . . GHQ .... Minnesota
217th Coast Artillery TAA, ........ GHQ .... Minnesota
Seimiuirr BATTALION, COAST AR'ru,r,ERY TAA,
Uni! Divixion State
101st Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GHQ .... Georgia
lO2nd Separate Battalion, C, A. TAA, . . GHQ . . . New York
l03rd Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GI-IQ . . . Kentucky
104th Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GHQ . . . Alabama
105th Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GHQ . . . Louisiana
106th Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . . GHQ . . . Kentucky
107th Separate Battalion, C. A. TAA, . .GHQ . . . So. Carolina
121st Separate Bn., C. A, TAA, Tgun, .GHQ . . . Nevada
122nd Separate Battalion, C. A. Tun, . GHQ .... New Jersey
Coasr AR'l'lI,I.ERY Cours TContinued,
Unit Division Slate
240th Coast Artillery THD, . . . . Harbor Defense . . Maine
241st Coast Artillery THD, . . . . . Harbor Defense . . Massachusetts
242nd Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . . Connecticut
243rd Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense. .Rhode Island
244th Coast Artillery T155-mm gun T.D., Harbor Defense. . New York
245th Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . .New York
246th Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . . Virginia
248th Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . .Washington
249th Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . . Oregon
250th Coast Artillery T155-mm gun T.D., Harbor Defense . . California
Z5lst Coast Artillery TAA, . ...... GHQ ...... California
25Znd Coast Artillery T155-mm gun T.D., Harbor Defense . . North Carolina
253rd Coast Artillery T155-mm gun, . . .Insular Pos. . . . Puerto Rico
260th Coast Artillery TAA, ....... GHQ ...... Dist. of Col.
26lst Sep. C. A. Bn TH.D., Type "D" Harbor Defense. . Delaware
Z63rd Coast Artillery THD, ....... Harbor Defense . . South Carolina
265th Coast Artillery THD, . . . . . .Harbor Defense . .Florida
369th Coast Artillery TAA, ....... GHQ ...... New York
THE AIR CORPS
The Air Corps has three basic types of combat air-
planes: pursuit, bombardment, and observation. In ad-
dition, there are three kinds of basic noncombatant air-
1' a. '
Vfirigvk 'X "' WL A
f ' -tw s sy is . m
planes: training, cargo and transport, and experimental.
The training planes are of various types including pri-
mary, basic, and obsolescent service types. Transport
and cargo airplanes are used to carry both troops and
supplies. Experimental airplanes are those under devel-
At the present time the National Guard is composed
of 21 Observation Squadrons, located in various States
of the Union. The numerical designations of these
units, together with the States to which they belong,
are as follows:
Unit Difvi5ion Staff
rorst Observation Squadron . 26th Div. Massachusetts
roznd Observation Squadron 27th Div. New York
rogrd Observation Squadron . 28th Div. Pennsylvania
104th Observation Squadron . 29th Div. Maryland
ro5th Observation Squadron . goth Div. Tennessee
ro6th Observation Squadron . 3ISf Div. Alabama
IO7Ih Observation Squadron . 32nd Div. . Michigan
ro8th Observation Squadron . 33rd Div. Illinois
rogth Observation Squadron . 34th Div. Minnesota
rroth Observation Squadron . 35th Div. Missouri
rrrth Observation Squadron . 36th Div, Texas
rrzth Observation Squadron . 37th Div. Ohio
113th Observation Squadron . 38th Div. Indiana
rr5th Observation Squadron . 40th Div. California
rr6th Observation Squadron . 4ISt Div. Washington
rr8th Observation Squadron . 43rd Div. Connecticut
rrgth Observation Squadron . 44th Div. New Jersey
rzoth Observation Squadron . GHQ . Colorado
r52nd Observation Squadron CHQ . Rhode Island
r53rd Observation Squadron . CHQ . Mississippi
154th Observation Squadron . 45th Div. Arkansas
Nine additional National Guard Observation Squad-
rons are in the process of being organized. When the
Engineers erecting pontoon bridge.
ERVATION PLANES ON THE LINE
fr . . S
a ,Q . 19 L, rift.. . ry., Q t ,
Portable photo laboratory, Observation Squadron, in operation
organization of these additional units has been com-
pleted, the National Guard will have a total of 30 Ob-
X' ? 2
Unit Di-vision Sfate
rzrst Observation Squadron . .Army Troops, rst Army D.C.
r22nd Observation Squadron Army Troops, 3rd Army Louisiana
rzgrd Observation Squadron Army Troops, 4th Army Oregon
124th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 4th Army Iowa
125th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 3rd Army Oklahoma
126th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 2nd Army VVisconsin
127th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 4th Army Kansas
128th Observation Squadron Army Troops, 3rd Army Georgia
129th Observation Squadron Insular Possession . . Aldilifl
Engineers in Assault Boats.
THE CORPS OF ENGINEERS
The Corps of Engineers is the arm that furnishes
technical engineering skill to the Army of the United
States, in peace and war, and directs much Government
engineering work of a nonmilitary or partly military
kind. It is also a fighting arm. When a need for -re-
serves of combat troops arises more pressing than the
need for their engineering work, units of combat Engi-
neers go into battle against the enemy like Infantry.
Engineer units are largely motorized. All have mod-
ern and efficient engineering equipment. A portable air
compressor, equipment in each Engineer combat regi-
ment, furnishes compressed air to operate a cross-cut
saw, a hammer for breaking stone, and a pile driver.
Our small peacetime Corps of Engineers not only
trains for its tasks in war but also furnishes skilled engi-
neering personnel to direct rivers and harbors improve-
ment, flood control, and other public works.
There are 20 Engineer Regiments in the National
Guard. The numerical designations, their composition
and the States to which each belongs, are as shown in
the table given below:
Unit Division State
101st Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 26th Div. . . . Massachusetts
l02nd Engineer Regiment CCombatJ 27th Div. . . . New York
l03rd Engineer Regiment CCombatJ 28th Div. . . . Pennsylvania
104th Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 44th Div. . . . New Jersey
105th Engineer Regiment 1CombatJ 30th Div Norh Carolina
106th Engineer Regiment fcombatl 31st Div Miss.-Fla.
107th Engineer Regiment fCombatI 32nd Div Michigan
108th Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 33rd Div. . . . Illinois
109th Engineer Regiment ICombatj 34th Div. . . . South Dakota
110th Engineer Regiment fCombatI 35th Div Missouri
lllth Engineer Regiment fcombatj 36th Div Texas
112th Engineer Regiment QCombatJ 37th Div. . . . Ohio
113th Engineer Regiment fCombatj 38th Div. . . . Indiana
115th Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 40th Div. . . . Utah-California
116th Engineer Regiment fCombatj 41st Div. . . . Idaho
118th Engineer Regiment fCombatH 43rd Div. . . . Rhode Island
120th Engineer Regiment CCombatJ 45th Div New Mex.-Okla.
12lst Engineer Regiment fCombatJ 29th Div D.C.
130th Engineers fCombatj .... Insular Pos. . . Puerto Rico
l5lsr Engineer Regiment fCombatj GI-IQ . Alabama
and moving pictures for purposes of training and for his-
In war, troops of the Signal Corps handle all signal
communication at the headquarters of divisons and
larger units and at the general headquarters of the whole
Army. The Infantry, Cavalry, and Field Artillery in-
stall and operate their own signal communication sys-
tems in the forward battle areas.
In the National Guard there are 1 signal battalion,
18 Infantry division signal companies, 2 radio intelli-
. . . .26th Div. .Massachusetts
. . . 27th Div. . New York
. . . 28th Div. . Pennsylvania
. . . 29th Div. . Virginia
. . . 3oth Div. . North Carolina
. . . 31st Div. . Alabama
32nd Signal Company . . . 32nd Div. . Michigan
33rd Signal Company
34th Signal Company
35th Signal Company
36th Signal Company
37th Signal Company
38th Signal Company
4oth Signal Company
41st Signal Company
43rd Signal Company
44th Signal' Company
26th Signal Company
27th Signal Company
28th Signal Company
29th Signal Company
30th Signal Company
31st Signal Company
. . . 33rd Div. . Illinois
. . . 34th Div. . South Dakota
. . . 35th Div.
. . . 36th Div, . Texas
. . . 37th Div, . Ohio
. . . 38th Div. . Indiana
. . . 40th Div. . California
. . . 41st Div. . Oregon
. . . 43rd Div. . Rhode Island
. . . 44th Div. . New Jersey
45th Signal Company
1 SIGNAL CORPS
. . . . .45th Div. .Oklahoma
Unit Difvision State
IOISI Signal Battalion . . . Army Troops,
ist Army . New York
IOISt Radio Intelligence Co. . . . G.H.Q, . . . Pennsylvania
Ioznd Radio Intelligence Co. . . G.H.Q. . . . California
The "services" of the Army help the fi
THE SIGNAL CORPS
The Signal Corps trains the communication men of
the Army. The Signal Corps speeds the Army's mes-
sages by motorcycle, airplane, homing pigeon, telephone,
teletype, telegraph, and radio. It also develops, procures,
and supplies signal, meteorological, and photographic
equipment for the Armyg and it produces photographs
Signal Corps Iineman making telephone connection.
These branches relieve the fighting arms from the bur-
den of such activities as supply, administration, and hos-
pitalization. The Adjutant General's Department as-
sists the Army's high commanders in issuing their orders
and in the management of the Army's daily business in
many important ways. The Inspector General's De-
partment is the inspecting service and makes sugges-
tions for the improvement of the Army. All legal mat-
Signal Company operating Division Message Center.
K ' waawr.:
Quariermasfer Regiment obtaining rafion supplies af
ters in which the Army is concerned are attended to by
the Judge Advocate General's Department. The Quar-
termaster Corps obtains and furnishes food, clothing,
and equipment of various lcinds. The immense supplies
of arms and ammunition needed for national defense
are obtained and distributed by the Ordnance Depart-
ment and the Chemical Warfare Service. The Medical
Department cares for the Army's siclc and wounded and
administers its hospitals. The Finance Department pays
out and accounts for the funds Congress appropriates to
support the Army. The Corps of Chaplains cares for
the spiritual and moral needs of the Army. Like the
arms, the services each has a chief with headquarters in
These branches are called "services" because they
serve the fighting arms.
THE ADJUTANT GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT
The Adjutant General is charged with the duty of
recording, authenticating, and communicating to troops
and individuals in the military service of the United
States all orders, instructions, and regulations issued by
the Secretary of War through the Chief of Staff or
otherwise. He arranges and preserves the records of the
military establishment in his custody and of all War De-
partment administrative business concerning those rec-
He has many other important specific duties, such as
recruiting, conducting examinations of candidates for
admission to the United States Military Academy and
issuing their appointments and publishing and distrib-
uting War Department Regulations, manuals, and other
The Adjutants General of the States and Territories
are State officers, responsible directly to the Governors.
Most of them also hold Federal commissions in the
Army of the United States and thus also belong to the
Adjutant General's Department, and perform both Fed-
eral and State duties. Their State offices, however, are
not branches of the Adjutant General's Office in Wash-
In addition to the Adjutants General of the several
States and Territories mentioned above, the Headquar-
ters of each of the several National Guard Divisions
include both officers and enlisted men who are assigned
to the Adjutant General's Section of the Division. This
personnel performs the administrative duties obtaining
in the National Guard Division to which it belongs.
THE INSPECTOR GENERAL'S DEPARTMENT
The Inspector General's Department is an instrumen-
tality placed at the disposal of the Secretary of War to
assist him in the administration of the War Department
and the Army of the United States. This assistance is
furnished by means of periodic inspections and special
investigations. The department consisted after June 30,
1939, of The Inspector General, with the ranlc of major
general, and 64 commissioned assistants of the grades
from major to colonel, all detailed in the department
from various arms and services. In the National Guard
and Officers' Reserve Corps, inspectors general are de-
tailed in a similar manner. Twenty-seven warrant offi-
cers are on duty with the Inspector Generalis Depart-
ment as assistants to corps area and department inspect-
ors general. The department has no regularly assigned
The Inspector Generalis Cflice, located in Washing-
ton, D. C., operates directly under orders from the Sec-
retary of War.
Each National Guard Division includes in its Head-
quarters an Tnspector's Section to which both officer and
enlisted personnel are assigned. The oHicer assigned to
this section is lcnown as the Inspector General of the
THE JUDGE ADVOCATE 6ENERAL'S
The Army of the United States has its own system
of laws for carrying out military justice. The Army is
also affected in many ways by laws that are not purely
military. Hence it requires constant expert legal advice
on nearly all kinds of law. The judge Advocate Gen-
eral's Department is the legali advisory service of the
The judge Advocate General is legal adviser to the
Secretary of War, the Assistant Secretary of War,,the
Chief of Staff, and the chiefs of the iservices, and
bureaus of the War Department. He supervises the
system of military justice, and in his office the records
of all important military trials are reviewed. The Judge
Advocate General also attends to the legal side of busi-
ness, property, and financial operations which come un-
der the Secretary of War, and to legal questions grow-
ing out of the status, relations, and activities of the
members of the Army. He is also the custodian of
most documents which show titles to lands under War
Department control. Each staiic judge advocate at the
headquarters of a corps area, department, division, or
other command, is legal adviser to his commander. His
duties correspond generally to those of the Judge Advo-
Each National Guard Division has ofiicer and enlisted
personnel assigned to the Judge Advocate's Section of
Division Headquarters. This oflicer is usually a lawyer
in civil life. He is known as the Judge Advocate of the
THE QUARTERMASTER CORPS
The three fundamental personal needs of a soldier,
as of any other person, are food, clothing, and shelter.
The Quartermaster Corps obtains, stores, and distributes
supplies, and builds and maintains permanent and
temporary housing for all the arms and services. It does
not, however, supply weapons and ammunition, and cer-
tain other special items.
The well varied food that makes up the "ration" of
the soldier fthe food for one man for one dayl is of a
high grade. His daily meals are well balanced and pre-
pared, and contain all the vitamins and calories neces-
sary to good health. About 60 per cent of the food
used by the Army, mainly staples, is purchased in large
lots by Quartermaster depots and distributed to the
Army posts from these depots. The other 40 per cent
of the food, including fresh meats, eggs, milk, and veg-
etables, is bought on contracts made locally by the Quar-
termaster purchasing officers at each Army post. Fresh
bread is furnished by the bakeries at each post which
also make certain kinds of pastry. Pies and cakes, how-
Quartermaster issuing rations.
ever, are usually made by the cooks of the Army in their
Tn the National Guard there are 18 Quartermaster
Regiments, one in each of the Guard Infantry divisions.
Unit Di'UiJi0I1 Stale
toxst Quartermaster Regiment 26th Div. Massachusetts
toznd Quartermaster Regiment 27th Div. New York
1o3rd Quartermaster Regiment 28th Div. Pennsylvania
1o4th Quartermaster Regiment 29th Div. Md.-D.C.-Va.
105th Quartermaster Regiment 30th Div. S.C.-N.C.-
106th Quartermaster Regiment 31st Div. Fla.-Ala.-La:
1o7th Quartermaster Regiment 32nd Div. . Wisconsin
108th Quartermaster Regiment 33rd Div. . Illinois
1o9th Quartermaster Regiment 34th Div. Iowa-Minn.-S.D.
uoth Quartermaster Regiment 35th Div. Nebraska
ruth Quartermaster Regiment 36th Div. Texas
uzth Quartermaster Regiment 37th Div. Ohio
x13th Quartermaster Regiment 38th Div. Ind.-Ky.
115th Quartermaster Regiment 4oth Div. California
116th Quartermaster Regiment 4lSt Div. Wash.-Mont.-
118th Quartermaster Regiment 43rd Div. Conn.-Me.-
119th Quartermaster Regiment 44th Div. New jersey
rzoth Quartermaster Regiment 45th Div. Okla.-Ariz.-
THE FINANCE DEPARTMENT
The Finance Department is charged with disbursing
and accounting for the funds appropriated by Congress
for the Army. It pays the salaries of all War Depart-
ment personnel, military and civilian, and pays the
amounts due for all Army purchases. The Finance De-
partment also has the important duty of auditing the
accounts of Army property farms, equipment, clothing,
trucks, animals, etc., kept by the other arms and serv-
ices. Whether the Quartermaster Corps buys shoestrings
or the Air Corps buys huge bombers, the Finance De-
partment makes the payment, insures that the cost is
charged against the right congressional appropriation,
and sees that all items bought are correctly recorded in a
property account and thus placed in the keeping of an
The Finance Department disbursing officers also pay
to members of the National Guard their armory drill
pay. The United States property and disbursing oflicers
in each State, who disburse National Guard field train-
ing pay, and other funds appropriated by Congress for
the National Guard, are not disbursing ofiicers of the
Finance Department but are Federal disbursing em-
ployees, who are ofiicers of the National Guard, and
may hold commissions in the Finance Department of
the Army of the United States, although this is not re-
Each of the several National Guard Divisions has its
own finance personnel. This personnel is assigned to the
Finance Section of Division Headquarters. The officer
assigned to this Section is known as the Division Finance
Ofiicer and as such is responsible for handling all mat-
ters relating to the actual payment of the personnel of
the command and in the settlement of other accounts.
INFANTRYMEN ADVANCING THROUGH SM
THE MEDICAL DEPARTMENT
The Medical Department is the service of the Army
that maintains its health, treats its sick, and heals its
wounded. Through physical examinations the Medical
Department selects for admission to the Army of the
Unimed States only those who are in good physical con-
dition. It keeps the members of the Army in good
physical shape through periodic examinations made for
the purpose of discovering all defects early, so that
prompt steps can be taken to remedy them and so that
the Army's fitness for national defense can always be
kept at a high level.
It examines all enrollees, gives them protective inocu-
lations against certain diseases, supervises sanitation to
prevent disease, inspects food and water, furnishes nec-
essary medical supplies, and cares for the sick and in-
There are sufficient Medical units in the National
Guard including medical, dental, and veterinary per-
sonnel, to efficiently care for the health and comfort of
the personnel of all the units of the National Guard
under any and all conditions.
104th Medical Regiment 29th Div. . Maryland-Va
ro5th Medical Regiment goth Div. . Ga.-N.C.-S.C.
106th Medical Regiment 3ISf Div. . Ala.-Fla.-La.-Miss
107th Medical Regiment 32nd Div. Michigan
108th Medical Regiment 33rd Div. Illinois
moth Medical Regiment 35th Div. . Nebraska
ruth Medical Regiment 36th Div. . Texas
uzth Medical Regiment 37th Div. . Ohio
113th Medical Regiment 38th Div. . Ind.-Ky.
115th Medical Regiment 40th Div. . Calif.-Utah
116th Medical Regiment 4ISt Div. . Mont.-Oreg:
118th Medical Regiment 43rd Div. . Conn.-R.I.-Vt
119th Medical Regiment 44th Div. . New jersey
xzoth Medical Regiment 45th Div, . Oklahoma
134th Medical Regiment
135th Medical Regiment
136th Medical Regiment
2nd Army Wisconsin
34th Div. . Iowa
Unit Division State
I5Ist Medical Battalion CCorpsJ . Corps Tr. . Ohio
Unit Difvision Slate
iorst Medical Regiment 26th Div. . Massachusetts
roznd Medical Regiment 27th Div. . New York
1o3rd Medical Regiment 28th Div. . Pennsylvania
Ordnance small arms repair truck.
THE ORDNANCE DEPARTMENT
In war our Army uses large numbers of weapons of
all kinds from pistols to huge guns and tanks, and tre-
mendous amounts of ammunition for all these tools of
war. It is the business of the Ordnance Department to
design, obtain, and distribute to the arms and services
that use them the weapons and ammunition with which
war is fought. The work of improving old weapons and
developing new ones, which goes on constantly in time
of peace as we prepare for the defense of our country,
is another important work done by the Ordnance De-
partment. It also takes care of the large stores of fight-
ing materials kept on hand in piece and in war, and
helps the other arms and services to take proper care of
the weapons in their hands.
The Ordnance Department, with its large force of
technical experts, gives the Army the tools it fights with.
In all its work, it cooperates closely with the fighting
arms to furnish them the best and most powerful tools
The National Guard includes within its organization
18 Ordnance Companies. Thus, it may be seen that the
National Guard is complete within itself in that it has
sufficient Ordnance personnel within its service units to
be self-sustaining upon taking the field and at all other
rorst Ordnance Company
ioznd Ordnance Company
ro3rd Ordnance Company
ro.q.th Ordnance Company
r.o5th Ordnance Company
Io6th Ordnance Company
107th Ordnance Company
ro8th Ordnance Company
rogth Ordnance Company
xroth Ordnance Company
ruth Ordnance Company
rrzth Ordnance Company
lI3th Ordnance Company
1x5th Ordnance Company
116th Ordnance Company
118th Ordnance Company
119th Ordnance Company
rzoth Ordnance Company
Reveglle, Feeling spuds.
31st Div. .
33rd Div. .
37th Div. .
41st Div. .
45th Div. .
THE CHEMICAL WARFARE SERVICE
Chemicals, gases, and smokes are a most powerful
means of modern warfare. In the World War chemicals
were responsible for one casualty in every four among
our American troops. Our Army today must have pro-
tection for all its arms and services against the chem-
icals an enemy may use. It must also have chemical
weapons and units of its own to use in order to wage
war on even terms if an enemy uses chemicals against
us. The development and supply of smokes, gases, and
incendiary materials, and of weapons from which to fire
these chemicals, the training of special gas troops, and
the protection of the whole Army against any enemyas
chemicals-these are the important tasks of the Chem-
ical Warfare Service.
EPARING TO ENTRUCK
if .vt 1
MOTORIZED INFANTRY ADVANCES THROUGH WOODED AREA
Included in the Headquarters of each of the National
Guard Divisions is an officer of the Chemical Warfare
Service who is the special chemical adviser to the Di-
THE CORPS OF CHAPLAINS
The Corps of Chaplains is specially charged with the
religious and moral welfare of members of all arms and
services. In war, each regiment, brigade, and larger
unit has its own chaplain.
A chaplain is the adviser and consultant of his com-
mander in all matters of public religious observance,
and in matters involving morale, morality, and charac-
At the present time one ofhcer of the Corps of Chap-
lains is asigned to each National Guard Division.
The strength of the National Guard on June 30,
1940, by arm and service, was as shown in the following
Officers 17.0. Enlisml Tom!
Major Generals of the Line . . 20 - - 20
Brigadier Generals of the Line 58 - - 58
Adjutant General's Dept. . . 145 - - 145
Air Corps ....... 482 - 2,340 2,822
Cavalry ...., 789 18 II,888 12,695
Chaplains ..... 230 - - 230
Chemical VVarfare Service 21 - - 21
Coast Artillery Corps . 1,135 26 24,534 25,695
Corps of Engineers . . 507 18 9,834 10,359
Field Artillery . . 3,265 61 46,314 49,640
Finance Dept. . SI - - 51
Infantry . . . 5,330 76 106,831 112,237
,l.A.G. Dept. . QI - - QI
Med. Dept. . 1,572 I5 14,799 16,386
Ord. Dept. . , 88 - 670 758
Q.M. Dept. . . 625 - 5,449 6,074
Signal Corps . . . 152 - 2,883 3,035
State Detachment . - - 1,295 1,295
Total ....... 14,561 214 226,837 241,612
Inactive National Guard , . 752 - 19,745 20,497
By virtue of the authority conferred upon him by
Public Resolution, No. 96, 76th Congress, approved
August 27, 1940, and the National Defense Act of
June 3, 1916, as amended G9 Stat. 1661, the President
of the United States, as Commander in Chief of the
Army and Navy of the United States, ordered into the
active military service of the United States, effective
September 16, 1940, the first units of the National
Guard of the United States to serve in the active mil-
itary service of the United States for a period of 12
consecutive months, unless sooner relieved.
National Guard Divisions thus ordered or to be or-
dered into the active military service of the United
States are as follows:
SEPTEMBER 16, 1940
Both Division fNorth Carolina, Tennessee, South
Carolina, and Georgial, Fort Jackson, South Carolina.
41st Division fWashington, Oregon, Wyoming, Mon-
tana, and Idahol , Fort Lewis, Washington.
44th Division fNew York and New Jerseyl, Fort
Dix, New Jersey.
45th Division fOklahoma, New Mexico, Arizona,
Coloradol, Fort Sill, Oklahoma.
OCTOBER 15, 1940
27th Division fNew Yorkl, Fort McClellan, Ala-
32nd Division flVlichigan, Wisconsinl, Livingston,
37th Division fOhiol , Camp Shelby, Mississippi.
NOVEMBER 25, 1940
31st Division fljlorida, Alabama, Mississippi, and
Louisianal , Camp Blancling, Florida.
36th Division fTexasl, Camp Bowie, Texas.
JANUARY 3-MARCH 3, 1941
26th Division fMassachusettsl , Camp Edwards, Mas-
28th Division fPennsylvanial , Indiantown Gap, Mil-
itary Reservation, Pennsylvania.
29th Division fVirginia, Maryland, Pennsylvania,
and District of Columbiaj , Fort Meade, Maryland.
33rd Division flllinoisl , Camp Forrest, Tennessee.
34th Division fNorth Dakota, South Dakota, Minn-
esota, Iowaj, Camp Claiborne, Louisiana.
35th Division fKansas, Missouri, Nebraskal, Camp
38th Division flndiana, Kentucky, West Virginiaj,
Camp Shelby, Mississippi.
40th Division fCalifornia, Utahl, Camp San Luis
43rd Division fMaine, Vermont, Connecticut, Rhode
Islandj , Camp Blanding, Florida.
This does not include the many other National Guard
units already ordered or to be ordered into active mil-
itary service of the United States and which are not a
part of the numbered divisions shown above.
The training of the National Guard units thus or-
dered into active military service of the United States
will be carried out in training centers scattered through-
out the United States.
THE REGULAR ARMY
The Regular Army is the professional component of
the Army of the United States. The principal duties of
the Regular Army are to garrison our outlying posts, a
responsibility which requires a permanent establishment,
to provide the permanent overhead for the whole of the
Army of the United States, to maintain a military edu-
cational system for its own personnel and for the per-
sonnel of other components of our defense forces, to
furnish instructors for the National Guard and the Or-
ganized Reserves, to conduct civilian training activities,
such as the Reserve Ofiicers' Training Corps, and to be
at all times available for immediate employment in the
The regiments of the Regular Army have numbers
between 1 and 100. Regular Army divisions have num-
bers between 1 and 25. There are, in time of peace,
many blank numbers which would be given to regiments
and divisions if a war caused the Army to be enlarged.
THE ORGANIZED RESERVES
The Organized Reserves form one of the major com-
ponents of the Army of the United States. They con-
sist of units allocated locally for wartime mobilization,
which in a national emergency will be filled with per-
sonnel of the Army of the United States from various
sources. In time of peace, personnel of the Regular
Army, the Ofiicers' Reserve Corps, and the Enlisted Re-
serve Corps are given assignments to units of the Organ-
The Officers, Reserve Corps consists of citizens of the
United States who receive military training through
military correspondence courses, periodic attendance at
meetings conducted for their instruction, and occasional
periods of active duty at military camps or maneuvers,
and who are prepared through such training to take up
their military duties in the Army of the United States
in the event of a national emergency. The Officers'
Reserve Corps is the largest body of potential wartime
officers in the military forces of the country. In time of
peace, its members hold commissions in the various arms
and services of the Army of the United States as Reserve
The three components of the Army of the United
States-the Regular Army, the National Guard, and
the Organized Reserves-form, in time of peace, an
efficient framework capable of rapid expansion if a new
war should come. On June 30, 1940, the active mem-
bers of the three components were as follows:
sioned Warrant Enlisted
Oyficers Officers Men Total
Regular Army . . . 13,831 763 249,411 264,035
National Guard . . . 14,561 2I4 226,837 241,612
Organized Reserves . 116,636 - 3,233 119,869
Total .................. 625,516
All three components have an essential part in our
system of national defense, and all three are thoroughly
representative of our country and its traditions of lib-
erty and democracy.
55TH FIELD AHTILLEHY HHIUMIE
3llTH INFANTHY HIVISIIIN
SUN, SOUTH I3
1 9 41
FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE
Office of lhe Commanding General
FORT JACKSON. S. C.
Soldiers ol lhe 55lh Field Arlillery Brigade:
You lollow lhe palhway laid oul lor you by your lorelalhers who
lounded and developed lhis nalion. Peace-loving men, in lime ol public
need and nalional danger, you have laid aside your privale lives and
enlered lhe mililary service ol your counlry.
This change in your lives has nol been wilhoul dillicullies. You have
endured discomlorls and hardships. You have belly-ached as has al-
ways been lhe privilege ol good soldiers since lhe beginning ol lime.
Bul always you have done a good iob, lreely and cheerlully.
Your service has broughl you inlo lhe world-wide lralernily ol sol-
diers. You have been loo busy lo appreciale lhis lralernily bul lhe
passing years will bring ils value lo you. As lime passes. lhe small
irrilalions and pleasures will be lorgollen and you will cherish lhe
memories ol lriendships lormed, dillicullies overcome and hardships
Your Division and Brigade has wrillen a glorious page in lhe hislory
ol lhis counlry. Your conducl, your work, your spiril and your en-
lhusiasm guaranlee lhal lhe page lhal you are wriling will add lo our
Commanding 55+h Field Ariillery Brigade
Brigadier General Cheshire was born in Charlo'He, Norlh Carolina
January ZI, I893. AHended Sewanee Milifary Academy, Tennes
see, l908-I9I0g Universify of ihe Souih, Tennessee, I9l0-I9I3
Anii-Aircrafi Prfillery School, Forfress Monroe, Virginia, l9I7-l9l8
Was appoinfed Second Lieuienani, Coasf Arfillery Corps, Na
fional Guard of Norih Carolina, January 7, I9l6g Firsf Lieufenanf,
Augusf I, I9l6, fo March 25, I9l9: American Expedifionary Forces,
l9I8-I9l9. Was Capfain, Field Arfillery, Seplember 26, l92I,
II3+h Field Arfillery, Norfh Carolina Nalional Guard: Maior, Field
June 9, I923: Lieufenanl' Colonel, Field Arfillery, March
Colonel, Field Arfillery, December 2, I932, Commanding
lI3fh Field Arfillery: Brigadier General, 55fh Field Arlillery
May I0, I94l, which commission he now holds.
WILLIAM 6. TALIAFERRO JAMES F. GLASS FREDERICK C. SHEPARD
Lieufenanf Colonel Maior Maier
Execufive Officer Adiufanf Pians and Training Officer
HARRY C. A. HOEGEMANN DuPONT G. KINNEY WILLIAM H. SAUSSY FRANK W. WHELESS
Capfain Capfain Capfain Capfain
Aide Communicafions Officer and Commanding Infelligence Officer Assisfanf Plans and Training
Officer, Headquarfers Baffery Officer
WAYNARD W. HICKOX JOHN A. PURVIS JAMES B. EURE
Firsf Lieufenanf Firsf Lieufenan? Second Lieufenanf
Assisfanf lnfelligence Officer Supply Officer Assisfanf Communicafions Officer
ere ee p
.. .... .... Q6
. 1 ..... QWYQBQW
Badge Approved June 5, I929. On an ocragon gules The cresf for
The Nahonal Guard of +I1e Srafe of Georgia proper
Presidcnl' Roosevelf inspecTs The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade on his Tour of ForT Jackson, April, l94l. Seen wiTh The Presidenf
in his car are SouTh Carolina's Governor Maybank, General Shedd, commanding officer of The FirsT Army Corps, and Gen-
eral Russell, commanding officer of ForT Jackson and 3OTh Division, STanding beside The car is LieuTenanT Colonel Willis,
commanding officer of The ll3Th Field Arfillery. To The righT is The 55Th Field ArTillerv Brigade sTafT, reading Trom leff
To righl: Colonel ShefTall Coleman, acTing commander of The Brigade, LieuTenanT Colonel Babcock, LieuTenanT Colonel
Hllllllll lll lllllllllll
The 55Th Field ArTillery Brigade, organized in The
summer oT l9l7 Tor parTicipaTion in The World War,
was originally composed OT Troops Trom The STaTes OT
Tennessee, NorTh Carolina and SouTh Carolina, laTer
including Troops Trom The STaTe of Georgia.
lTs organizaTion was TirsT assembled aT Camp Sevier,
Greenville, SouTh Carolina. The Brigade was made up
of The ll3Th Field ArTillery lgenerally known as The FirsT
NorTh Carolina Field ArTillery RegimenTl, commanded by
Colonel AlberT L. Cox: The lI4Th Field ArTillery lgen-
eraly known as The FirsT Tennessee Field ArTilleryl, com-
manded by Colonel Luke Lea: and The I l5Th Field ArTil-
lery lgenerally known as The FirsT Tennessee lnTanTryl,
commanded by Colonel l-larry S. Berry.
ATTer exTensive Training under command oT Brigadier
General George G. GaTley, The Brigade, which had been
aTTached To The 3OTh Division, landed in England in June,
l9l8, crossing The channel To l-lavre, France, on June
I2 and I3. In July, General GaTley was succeeded by
Brigadier General James A. ShipTon, who was in Turn
succeeded by Brigadier General AlberT S. Fleming in
OcTober, l9l8. On OcTober 8, I9l8, Brigadier General
John W. KilbreTh, Jr., was placed in command.
The Brigade, conTinually on The Tiring line Trom Au-
gusT 27, l9I8, unTil The ArmisTice, excepTing Tor Il days
when iT was marching Trom secTor To secTor, supporTed
in various engagemenTs The 89Th Division, FourTh Corps.
The Second French Army, The 37Th Division, The 32nd
Division, The 79Th Division and The 33rd Division. lT
Took parT in The Toul SecTor, AugusT 25-SepTember Il,
I9l8, as well as oTher engagemenTs. lT wenT Through
The ST. lvlihiel drive, marched across The weary kilc-
meTers To The Argonne, Taking an auspicious parT in This,
The greaTesT OT all greaT baTTles oT The world. The
Brigade was praised by General Pershing, General Lewis
and oThers, and has The disTincTion oT having served in
all oT The American Armies, FirsT, Second, and Third.
On The reTurn To The UniTed STaTes The Brigade was
reorganized. The ll6Th Field ArTillery, The lI8Th Field
ArTillery and The 6lsT Field ArTillery were consolidaTed
inTo The Il8Th Field Arfillery, commanded by Colonel
RoberT J. Travis: and The RegimenT was added To The
reorganized Brigade. Colonel Travis succeeded General
KilbreTh as Brigadier General in command.
General Travis had aTTended numerous miliTary schools
and was graduaTed Trom The Command and General STaTT
School, NaTional Guard OTTicers' Course, in I924, and
Trom The Command Course, Army War College, in l926,
l-le was The only NaTional Guard oTTicer ever permiTTed
To Take This course.
lT was General Travis who oTTered The original resolu-
Tion in Louisville, KenTuclcy, and conducTed The TighT in
Congress ThaT led To The creaTion oT The NaTional Guard
oT The UniTed STaTes as a componenT oT The Army oT
The UniTed STaTes. ln T932 he was presidenT oT The Na-
Tional Guard AssociaTion, and had The honor OT dedicaT-
ing The NaTional Guard Memorial in France. T-le holds
The Commanders Cross oT Poland.
Brigadier General GodTrey Cheshire, oT Raleigh, NorTh
Carolina, succeeded General Travis in command oT The
Brigade in January, l94I, due To General Travis having
reached The reTiremenT age oT 64.
THE 55TH FIELD ARTILLERY BRIGADE
l-lere's To Their memory-here's To Their good luclc
On Trom The General down To The Buclc.
On Trom Sevier To The lasT hills oT France,
Holding Their drive Through The Tinal advance:
ST. Tvlihiel lcnew Them-and when They were done
On To The Argonne wiTh cassion and gun.
Talcing each highway ThaT led To The Hun!
Slogging along Through The mud and Tlame,
On To The Tinish sTill playing The game.
Playing The game as The game should be played,
l-lere's To The 55Th F. A. Brigade.
W' ai 1 Q mv .1 '
.l - ns-M E - as -
1 .A was
llleading Trom LeTT To RighTl
FirsT Row: lvlasTer SergeanTs Dug-
gar, Charles T-l.: Ellis, Ted E.: Rock-
well, John T.: FirsT SergeanT King,
Fred A.: Technical SergeanT l-loynes,
Ward M.: STaTT SergeanT Baker, Wil-
Second Row: STaTT SergeanTs
Davis, T-lomer E.: l-loynes, James W.:
STanTord, Lycurgus L.: SergeanTs
Bailey, John A.: Byers, Dougan W.:
FounTain, Andrew A.
Third Row: SergeanTs l'lasTings,
MilTon: MarTin, Joseph G.: Powers,
WrighT C.: PriTchard, Charles R.:
1 Corporals Fares, Howard H.: King,
FourTh Row: Corporals KnighT,
Joseph B.: Mclvlanus, Myles lvl.: Mc-
Teer, Webb l-T.: Walsh, Thomas J.:
Wickham, Thomas C.
lReading from Leif +o Righll
Firsi' Row: Privales Eirsl Class
Bishop, James D.: Brinson, Eranlc N.:
Connolly, James J.: Deal, James D.:
Eason, Ridge B.: Eason, William F.
Second Row: Privales Firsl Class
Ellis, John D.: Freeman, John l-l.:
Eullon, Jasper E.: Garriclc, Arnedee
T.: Gibson, Joseph G.: l-lill, l-lugh L.
Third Row: Privales Eirsr Class
Hull, Richard M.: l-lursl, Grady: Ing,
lesby, Joseph E.: Land, John D.:
Mayo, Joseph P.: Pevey, Roberr B.
Four+h Row: Privales Eirsl Class
Porler, William E.: Srripling, Mack
D.: Tison, Lawlon M.: Williams, Gor-
don B.: Wrighl, William A.: Priyale
Alderman, Beniamin E.
Fif+h Row: Privales Bennelf, Wilf
liam E.: Blunt, Chrisropher A.: Cenf
fer, Eredericlc L.: Cloud, John W.:
Daughlry, Fred W.: Freeman, Lea-
Six'rh Row: Privales Garner, Leone
ard G.: Hadsoclc, Lurher: l-lanson,
Beniamin L.: l-larrelson, l-lanls C.:
Helmey, Harley l-l.: l'lenry, Roy A.
Sevenlh Row: Privares Jackson,
John R., Jr.: Kiclclighler, Spreuff J.:
Knighr, l-lershel E.: Loehner, Bruno
G.: Malhis, Earnesl J.: Mayo, George
Eigh+h Row: Privales Mosley, Clay-
+on D.: Mosley, James O.: Mulligan,
Joseph A.: Pallerson, William J.:
Paulsen, l-larold: Qualllebaum, John
Nin+h Row: Privales Quaillebaum,
Manning L.: Reddiclc, Millon R.:
Slrong, Joseph C.: Tillman, Paul E.:
Tomlinson, Earl U.: Wa+ers, Marion
Ten+h Row: Privales Walers,
Thomas A.: Walson, Cody U.: Welhe
eringlon, Thomas L.: Yeomans,
George W.: Yournans, Benjamin E.
IIHTH FIELD AHTILLEHY
ARMY OF THE UNITED STATES
Pom JAEHSUN, SUUTH EAHULINA
1 9 41
HIIIIIIIIIHIIIIHS, IIHIH IIIIII HIIIIIIIIII
FORT JACKSON. SOUTH CAROLINA
AugusT I3, I94I.
TO: The OTTicers and EnIisTed Men OT The I I8Th.
The hisTOry OT Our RegimenT speaks TOr iTseIT. IT is a record OT service.
We are in The midsT OT a sTrenuOus crisis, and The respOnsibiIiTy OT
carrying On The TradiTiOns esTabIished by Our predecessors resTs on Our
shOuIders. I-Iowever, I have cOr1Tidence in The IOyaITy, abiIiTy, and wiIIing-
ness OT every OTTicer and enIisTed man TO wOrIc TO surpass The sTandards
OT eTTiciency seT beTOre iT.
TO each member OT Our ReqirrienT, I hOpe ThaT God will bIess yOu and
guide yOu aII The way.
f Q 1
ggi? V if VM, A 1
Commanding ll8th Field Artillery
Colonel Coleman was born in Savannah, Georgia, on October 6, l889.
He attended common schools in Chatham County and was graduated from
Savannah High School in l906. He was graduated from Oglethorpe
Business College in l9I2.
Colonel Coleman started his military career as a Private in Company
M, Georgia Infantry, known as the Republican Blues, February, I908, and
held the rank of Private, Corporal and Sergeant in this Company until
June 23, l9I6. He was commissioned Second Lieutenant in Company M,
First Infantry, Georgia National Guard, June 24, l9l6, when he was called
into Federal service. He served in Federal service as Second Lieutenant,
Infantry, from July 25, l9l6, to November I3, l9l7, at which time he was
promoted to First Lieutenant, holding this commission until April 30, l9l9,
when he was discharged upon demobilization.
Upon reorganization of the Field Artillery, after the World War, he
was commissioned a Captain in Headquarters Company, First Field Ar-
tillery, Georgia National Guard, April II, I92I. He was appointed Maior
and placed in command of the First Battalion, lI8th Field Artillery, May
I4, l926, being promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and assigned to duty as
Executive Officer, ll8th Field Artillery, July IS, l929. Upon the retirement
ot Colonel Walter R, Neal, he was promoted to Colonel, llBth Field
Artillery, May 30, l93l, which assignment he now holds.
RICHARD H. MAYER JOHN W. BLAKE JOSEPH H. SAUERS
Lieulenanr Colonel Maier Maier
Executive Officer Adiufanf S-3
lllllllll Ill Sllll
HAYGOOD S. BOWDEN ALVA R. SMITH JOHN S. WILDER JOHN L. MORRISON
Capfain Caplain Caplain CGPIBIF1
S-3 5.2 Chaplain Personnel Adiufanl
I"f"'1f"f 1 X
Il8TH FIELD ARTILL
SHIELD: GuIes, a saIIire gray fimbriaied or, in chief a Iion passanf guardani, in base a fIeur-de-Iis
of 'the Iasf.
CREST: Thai for Regimenfs of Georgia Nafional Guard: On a wrea+h of Ihe colors Ior and guIesI
a boar's head erased guIes, in +he mou+h and oak branch.
MOTTO: Nescii cedere IHe Icnows no surrenderi.
The shield is red for ArInIIery. The Iion and Ihe fleur-de-Iis
denore service in The Revolufionary War and The World War, re-
specfively, and I'I1E gray salfire IX crossI represenfs Cnvii War
service as Confedera+e Troops.
HISIIIIII Ill IIII IIIIIH IIIIII IIIITIIIIIII
The sTory OT The II8Th Field ArTiIIery RegimenT is The
hisTory OT one OT The mosT ancienT and honorable mili-
Tary organizaTions in The UniTed STaTes, Tor while The Tale
oTTicially begins in l757, The RegimenT claims creaTion
wiTh Colonial Georgia, more Than Two decades earlier.
The UniTed STaTes War DeparTmenT recognizes
daTe OT I757, a Ioolc inTo The MiIiTia OT earIiesT
Georgia, and The connecTion beTween Those early days
lI8Th Field ArTiIlery RegimenT is worThwhile.
was colonized as a company, raTher Than as a
Royal Colony. COnsequenTly, all men senT To colonize
The TerriTory were Trained in arms, and bore The TiTle
"IvIiliTia." For many, many years The colony deTended
iTselT wiThouT aid OT soldiers OT The King OT England.
I-Ience, This claim OT The I l8Th Field ArTillery To creaTion
"I. ThaT by IvIiliTia is meanT civilians who are required
To be armed, and who are required To do guard or oTher
miliTary duTy, and who are noT members OT The regular
"2. ThaT The Savannah or ChaTham COunTy RegimenT
includes all The miliTia OT a speciTied area, ChaTham
CounTy, and noT a collecTion OT parTicular uniTs which
each have conTinuous exisTence.
"3. ThaT every Treeholder in Georgia was liable Tor
duTy wiThouT pay, hence were miliTia."
CreaTed as a buTTer beTween The English colonies in
The Carolinas and The Spaniards in Florida, Georgia had
To be ever ready Tor war. When The colonisTs leTT Eng-
land They were given "a waisTcOaT, and a musgueT and
The colony survived despiTe consTanT ThreaT, and iTs
liTe is owed largely To These sTalwarT IvIiliTiamen. ThaT
a large parT OT The IvIiliTia undoubTedly Tormed parT OT
Georgia's ConTinenTal Armies is easy To believe alThough
imporTanT records have been losT. IT is also reasonable
To believe ThaT when Savannah was evacuaTed The IvIiliTia
was capTured or dispersed, Tor They Tormed a large sec-
Tion OT The garrison deTending The ciTy in I779.
One OT The TirsT acTs OT The Council OT SaTeTy aTTer iTs
OrganizaTion was, in I775, To issue commissions To The
oTTicers commanding local companies OT IvIiliTia. The
II8Th Field ArTiIlery is a direcT descendanT OT Colonial
IvIiliTia OT ChaTham CounTy, and OT The ChaTham C.ounTy
RegimenT, which succeeded The Colonial uniTs.
The ChaTham ArTillery was Tormally organized in T786
by CapTain Edward Lloyd, who IosT an arm aT The siege
OT Savannah in I779. Thomas ElTe was his chieT Lieu-
TenanT, and The second commander OT The ChaTham Ar-
AlmosT immediaTely aTTer OrganizaTion, The ChaTham
BaTTery Tired The Tuneral saluTe Tor General NaThaniel
The nexT year, The baTTery enTered iTs TirsT recorded
acTion in Ivlay, I787, when wiTh The FirsT RegimenT OT
ChaTham C.ounTy and Troops Trom SouTh Carolina, iT
aTTaclced The camp OT runaway Negroes and TreebooTers,
who called Themselves "soldiers OT The King OT England,"
and who had esTablished a Tormidable sTronghold on
Bear's Creek, ETTingham CounTy. The compleTe arma-
menT OT The BaTTery cOnsisTed OT Two Tour-pound guns,
buT They acguiTTed Themselves wiTh valor.
Upon The celebraTion OT American Independence, July
4, 1786, The I3 regular ToasTs were responded To by The
cannon OT CapTain Lloyd's BaTTery. This was in The day
when ArTillerymen noT only were schooled in The acTuaI
operaTion OT Tield pieces, buT devoTed much Time To
sTudy OT The manuTacTure OT arms and muniTions.
CapTain Thomas ElTe, sTalwarT LieuTenanT OT CapTain
Lloyd, was The second To command The ChaTham ArTil-
lery. IT was during his command ThaT General George
WashingTon visiTed Savannah, and was saluTed by The
roaring guns OT The BaTTery. Through General James
Jaclcson, George WashingTon issued The Tollowing order:
"IT was a pleasure To The General To announce To The
ArTilIery The very general applause They received SaTur-
day, and, whaT oughT To immorTalize The corps, The apro-
baTion OT Their conducT expressed in warmesT Terms by
The Commander in ChieT OT The UniTed STaTes. The
General hopes ThaT This characTer, so Tirmly esTablished,
will long conTinue Then as an ornamenT To The IvIiIiTia
and an honor To The STaTe OT Georgia."
ShorTly aTTer his deparTure, General WashingTOn pre-
senTed The BaTTery wiTh Two six-pound guns, which are
Today cherished as relics by The ChaTham ArTillery, parT
OT The I l8Th Field ArTillery.
For some Time The RegimenT was under The command
OT Josiah TaTnalI, Jr., honored in The annals OT Georgia
as a sTaTesman and miliTary leader. Colonel TaTnalI was
desTined To become Brigadier General OT The FirsT Bri-
gade OT The FirsT Division, Georgia IvIiliTiag a member OT
The STaTe LegislaTureg UniTed STaTes SenaTor, and Tinally
Governor OT Georgia.
Colonel TaTnaIl was succeeded in I794 by CapTain
James RoberTsOn, who, wiTh a deTachmenT OT only 29
men, saw service and guard duTy in The Creek Indian
uprising. I-Ie was Tollowed by CapTain Benjamin Wall,
who was in Turn succeeded by CapTain Richard lvl. STiTes,
son OT a CapTain OT ArTillery in The ConTinenTaI Army.
ChaTham ArTillery, under The command OT CapTain
RoberT IvIcKey, was musTered inTo Federal service and a
deTachmenT Tormed parT oT The garrison aT ForT Jackson.
OTher members oT The BaTTery aided in The consTrucTion
OT TorTiTicaTions Tor The deTense oT Savannah, when The
enemy, under Cockburn, was ThreaTening The CoasT.
There now began a series oT years oT sTeady growTh
boTh in manpower and in equipmenT. The BaTTery volun-
Teered Tor service in I835 Tor baTTle againsT The Indians
in Florida, buT only The Phoenix RiTlemen were accepTed:
in I837, Tor service againsT The Cherokees, and in I845,
Tor The Mexican War, buT only The Irish Jasper Greens
were accepTed as a uniT and wenT To The border, buT
noT inTo Mexico.
In February, I853, The WashingTon Legion was Tormed
by volunTary associaTion oT The ChaTham ArTillery, The
Republican Blues and The Savannah VolunTeer Guards.
The Honorable John E. Ward, lawyer, advocaTe, General-
Assemblyman and dipIomaT, was The ThirTeenTh com-
mander oT The ChaTham ArTillery.
On May I, I86I, The ChaTham ArTillery was 75 years
old. On This day, on behaIT oT The wives oT commissioned
and non-commissioned oTTicers oT The RegimenT, Lieu-
TenanT Julian I-IarTridge presenTed The BaTTery wiTh a
The BaTTery, under CapTain Joseph S. Claghorn, was
loyal To The SouTh wiTh The ouTbreak oT The War BeTween
The STaTes, and on January 3, I86I, along wiTh The
Savannah Screven, and The OgleThorpe LighT lnTanTry,
under CapTain BarTow, and all Three uniTs under The
command oT Colonel LawTon, sailed down The Savannah
River in a TugboaT and Took possession oT ForT Pulaski.
Called inTo ConTederaTe service on July 2I, I86I, The
BaTTery became a lighT baTTery, and in SepTember moved
Trom ForT Jackson To The Isle oT I-Iope. In Ivlay, I862,
The BaTTery was reorganized, wiTh CapTain Clagburn re-
On June 8, I862, The BaTTery, including one Blakely
riTle, which Tired a I2-pound proiecTiIe, and a I2-pound
I'-IowiTzer, under LieuTenanT Askew, was deTailed Tor serv-
ice aT Janes Island, SouTh Carolina, and was idenTiTied
wiTh The repulse oT Federal Torces in The charge on BaT-
ATTer Seven Pines, The BaTTery reguesTed service wiTh
General LawTon, who wiTh The 3OTh, 26Th, 3IsT, 38Th,
6OTh and 6IsT Georgia RegimenTs, was senT To The Army
oT Virginia. The requesT was reiecTed, and The BaTTery
remained in CoasT DeTense service. In February, I863,
one secTion under LieuTenanT WhiTehead and a second
under LieuTenanT Askew, ToughT oTT an assaulT by a Fed-
eral gunboaT on ForT IvIcAIIisTer. On May 9, following
The BaTTery Tormed a BaTTalion wiTh The Terrell ArTillery,
wiTh Ivlaior E. G. Dawson Commanding. This BaTTaIion
was shorT-lived, however, Tor iT ended on June 9, when
Ivlaior Dawson resigned because oT ill healTh.
One monTh IaTer The BaTTery wenT To Janes Island as
a parT oT The deTense againsT Federal movemenT Toward
CharlesTon. Here They broke a Federal gunboaT assaulT
in The STone River, and ToughT unTil The evacuaTion oT
The BaTTery wenT To Florida in I864, when Federal
Torces landed in Jacksonville, and aTTempTed To break
Florida's loyalTy To The SouTh. AT OlusTee, near Lake
CiTy, Florida, The BaTTery Took such an imporTanT parT
ThaT They were given Tour capTured guns in place oT Their
old guns. Superior Federal numbers, however, Torced
reTiremenT Trom This Tield. The BaTTery reTurned To Janes
Island, where iT was sTaTioned unTil called inTo acTion as
a parT oT The aTTempT To break Sherman's march. IT
ToughT bravely buT vainly unTil The surrender OT Greens-
boro, and began iTs weary Trek home on Ivlay 3, I865.
ReTurning To The hisTory oT The RegimenT as a whole,
in I79O, an oTTiciaI Brigade order appoinTing a Board oT
OTTicers To recommend candidaTes Tor commissions con-
Tained The names oT CapTain Lloyd and LieuTenanT Elfe.
In I79I The RegimenT parTicipaTed in The welcome To
General WashingTon, and in I793 The ChaTham ArTillery
ToughT Indians in LiberTy CounTy. In I802 The same
baTTery welcomed Vice-PresidenT Aaron Burr, and The
Savannah VolunTeer Guards Tormed a parT oT his escorT.
The Republican Blues were organized as a RiTIe Club
in ISO9, and ioined The RegimenT six years aTTer The
Savannah VolunTeer Guards.
During The War oT I8I2, The C.haTham ArTillery Tormed
parT oT The garrison aT ForT Jackson, and Took parT in
deTense preparaTions aT Savannah. The Savannah Volun-
Teer Guards and The Republican Blues served TirsT in
EasT Florida, and Then helped The deTenses oT Savannah.
The only uniT oT The RegimenT To see service in I836
was The Phoenix RiTles, which no longer exisTs, and who
in ThaT year Took an acTive parT in The Creek Indian War.
A CapTain and a LieuTenanT oT The ChaTham ArTillery,
however, volunTeered Tor service and Took Two Tield
pieces To The deTense oT PicoIaTa, Florida.
In I842, The Irish Jasper Greens were organized as
an InTanTry Company, and Two years Ia+er The RegimenT
Trained in camp wiTh The Ivlacon uniTs.
In I846, The German VolunTeers Tormed under The
command oT CapTain J. I-I. STegin, who came To This
counTry because he resenTed enTorced miIiTary service
in his naTive Germany. CapTain STegin's acTion in Torm-
ing his Company oT VolunTeers was because he TeIT duTy
bound To Take a parT in The rapidly approaching Trouble
wiTh Mexico. IT had been his inTenTion To Tigh+ on The
Tields beyond The souThern border, buT This honor Tell To
The Jasper Greens, named Tor SergeanT William Jasper,
oT RevoluTionary War Tame. The Greens possess The
Silver Band Tor disTinguished service in The War wiTh
During The Civil War various uniTs oT The RegimenT,
which was again spliT, Tool: parT in The capTure oT ForT
Pulaslci and in iTs subsequenT deTense, The deTense OT
ForT McAllisTer, The deTense oT Savannah and The Geor-
gia coasT, The deTense OT CharlesTon, The FirsT BaTTle OT
Manassas, The BaTTle oT Ocean Pond lOlusTeej, The de-
Tense againsT Sherman Trom ATlanTa Through Georgia and
SauTh Carolina, The baTTle oT Sailors' Creelc and oThers.
The Savannah CadeTs became Company A oT The
Eiqh+h Georgia, C. S. A.
The ChaTham ArTillery became WheaTon's BaTTery.
The oTher uniTs became The lndependenT VolunTeer
RegimenT oT ChaTham CounTy.
All uniTs oT The RegimenT Then exisTanT saw service
wiTh ConTederaTe Armies during The War BeTween The
STaTes, and upon The surrender aT AppomaTox, reTurned
To Their homes buT lcepT Their organizaTions alive as social
organizaTions, meeTing aT leasT once a year.
The ChaTham ArTillery was reorganized as an inde-
pendenT BaTTery oT ArTillery in l872, while The Savannah
VolunTeer Guards became an independenT BaTTalion oT
lnTanTry. All oTher uniTs oT The RegimenT were aTTached
To The FirsT VolunTeer RegimenT oT Georgia.
The German VolunTeers, as Company K, Third Georgia
lnTanTry, saw service in C.uba during The Spanish-Ameri-
can War oT l898. The ChaTham ArTillery was musTered
inTo service as a LighT BaTTery oT UniTed STaTes Volun-
Teers. The Republican Blues, The Jasper Greens and The
Savannah CadeTs were musTered as FirsT Georgia ln-
TanTry, while The Savannah VolunTeer Guard became The
Second BaTTalion, Second lnTanTry, UniTed STaTes Volun-
Teers. The German VolunTeers, however, were The only
men oT The RegimenT To serve in Cuba.
The Savannah VolunTeer Guards were deTached Trom
The RegimenT oT Georgia STaTe Troops To Torm The FirsT
BaTTalion oT Heavy ArTillery in l900. ln l9l3 The ChaT-
ham ArTillery expanded To Torm BaTTalion HeadquarTers
BaTTery, A and C, oT The FirsT BaTTalion, NaTional Guard
LeTT are shown members of The ll8Th Field ArTillery
Basl:eTball Team who wallrecl ofT wiTh honors in 34 of The
38 games They parTicipaTed in during The I939-40 season.
ln adcliTion To Turning bacl: Top TlighT inclependenT Teams,
The quinTeT above maTched The besT Teams The ciTy of
Columbia, SouTh Carolina, had To offer and came home
wiTh The CiTy Basl:eTball Ti+le and 24-inch Trophy.
In The picTure are: lluneelingl Melvin Kiley, Henry
"Ace" HaThaway, Craig Palmer, Bill Palmer and RoberT
McLaughlin. lSTanclingl "Deke" Parsons, assisTanT man-
agerg Joe Mell, Henry Meyers, Carl Walker, Harry De-
mosThenes, and CapTain H. S. Bowden, coach.
Ed Palmer, anoTher player, and Thomas CoTTey, man-
ager, were absenT when The picTure was made.
All uniTs oT The RegimenT were called To Federal service
and served on The Mexican Border in l9l6, excepT The
Savannah VolunTeer Guards.
WiTh The declaraTion oT war againsT Germany in l9l7,
This uniT was called inTo service as a CoasT DeTense uniT,
and was laTer aTTached To The 6lsT Division and saw
service in France.
The FirsT lnTanTry RegimenT, Georgia NaTional Guard,
less Companies A, B, C, D, F, G, and M, served during
The war as BaTTeries oT The ll8Th Field ArTillery, while
The ChaTham ArTillery was spliT and became parT oT The
ll6Th Field ArTillery and The Il7Th Field ArTillery Regi-
menT, serving in France as HeadquarTers BaTTery and
BaTTery E and A.
WiTh The overseas service behind Them, in l92l The
ChaTham ArTillery was reorganized as Second BaTTalion
HeadguarTers BaTTery, HeadguarTers BaTTery, BaTTery A
and C oT The FirsT Georgia Field ArTillery, while The
Savannah VolunTeer Guards BaTTalion became The FirsT
BaTTalion, FirsT Georgia Field ArTillery. The Companies
oT The old FirsT RegimenT oT lnTanTry became BaTTeries
in The FirsT Georgia Field ArTillery.
On April 27, l922, The FirsT Georgia Field ArTillery
was redesignaTed as The ll8Th Field ArTillery. On April
27, l925, BaTTery A oT The ChaTham ArTillery was de-
Tached Trom The ll8Th Field ArTillery, and redesignaTed
as HeadquarTers BaTTery, 55Th Brigade. On The same
daTe, The Burlce VolunTeers, oT Waynesboro, replaced
BaTTery A wiTh The RegimenT.
The RegimenT was inducTed inTo Federal service on
SepTember I6, l94O, wiTh Colonel SheTTall B. Coleman
in command, and The Tollowing sTaTT: l.ieuTenanT Colonel
C. W. Robeson, CapTain J. C. HesTer, LieuTenanT J. W.
BlunT, CapTain J. T. Morris and l.ieuTenanT GeverT Simp-
lcins. The presenT sTaTT includes: l.ieuTenanT Colonel R.
H. Mayer, Maior J. W. Blalce, Maior J. H. Savers, Cap-
Tain H. S. Bowden, CapTain A. R. SmiTh and CapTain
J. L. Morrison.
, ' v W 'fm
75-MM. GUN IN RECOIL
w on ma General chasm
re ' -
The -31.1-nm. 9
37-MM. GUN AND CREW DURING BEECH GROVE, TENNESSEE, BATTLE
un and are
9Uf1 crew O 'ONS io 37-mm
I STHUME T
Top left Preparing gun posi-
Leff cen+er: Dafa is compuied
ai fire direcfion cenfer.
Leff below: Regimenial com-
1 If EA:
Adiusling lime fuse on 75-mm. shell.
R'gl1l', lop: Radio and swiiclw-
board lineup for inspecfion.
Cenlerz Observafion posl.
BoHom: Tesfing radios.
SIGNAL DETAIL REWINDING
.13 V Y. :MQ
Riglvl: Observing fire Hwrougln field glasses and B. C. scope
. .ww .N
'Q wil .
ON LXNEUP OF MEN A
Cieaning 'ern up
W 'V ,eu ,pe
, 'N A ki?
QV' 1' X
Above: Truck inspecfion. Right Line of frucks on maneuvers,
Regimental mofor pool.
Road marker direcfing frucks, General Cheshire gives insfruciion during maneuvers.
MOTOR POOL READY FOR INSPECTION
,W 4 A K 4 J, ,M vwiymwv , 1
, e,,. ,.,. ,,,, v,e. W, , M A
. e,.. --v-- - f . :H R N M m e f '-im, new
4 'F W A- 'v-v- ' v-'-- M,,1nie1
Above Pamhng mofor paris on command car
rv In q E
Lefl' above: Giving morphine +o a soldier wilfh a brolren leg.
Each man is issued a iolal of 'four uniforms upon coming
info lhe army.
Peppers are placed in one of +he huge
A rruclc wheel is cleaned and checked. Painllng a fable in 'rhe mess hall. refrigeralors.
SPECIAL TISSOFLZA Ys FOR
,LN f W, V
ON FOOT BRIDGE
f Isaac Wal+on.
Top above: Mall Hrne creaies much excliemeni. Top ahove: Two sons o
Above: A band conceri in The courihouse square a'f Manchester
Above: A box from home.
'QA ggi I M M .
. , W ff ,ww wg-
3llTH INFANTHY IIIVISIUN
AQHSUN, SUUTH I3
1 9 41
lReading from Lell lo Righll
Firsl' Row: Masrer Sergeanls
Dugger, Edward W.: Fisher, Charles
L., Jr.: Firsi Sergeani Lennox, Ber-
nard I.: Slafl Serqeanl Adler, Meyerg
Dixon, l-lurschel lvl.
Second Row: Slaff Sergeanl Uliel-
mann, John lVl.I Sergeanis Benlon,
James R.: Johnson, John F., Jr.:
Kessler, Charles O.: Weilz, lsadore.
Third Row: Sergeanl Williams, Wil-
liam D.: Corporals Cornell, Edward
C.: Crawford, Wadsworfh A.: Long,
James L.: l-lagins, Carl S.
Four+h Row: Corporals Persons,
Herschel P.: Whiliinqlon, James l-l.,
Williams, James F.: Wilson, Charles
JOHN T, MORRIS JAMES T. GREEN CHARLES O'B LAFFITTE
F +L i 1 F-irsfLieufenan1
Firsi' Row: Privares Firsf Class Cornell, Ralph E.: Jaug
sfeller, Frederick E.: Jernigan, Carllon: Magee, Jack J.
Malphrus, Huberl A.: Perlman, Jack.
Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Rahn, Winlord E.
Soulhwell, Edwin P.: Slrickland, James H.: Warren, Fred
Weil, Frank B.: Wells, Arfhur D.
Third Row: Privalres Barlhelmess, Kennelh J.: Blalner,
William E.: Clark, Thomas W.: Cook, Herman E.: Cooper
John B.: Coward, Earl A.
Reading from Leif lo Righll
Four+h Row: Privares Eden, Oscar A.: Edenlield, Wil
liam C.: Fulch, Marion: Helmly, Arlhur lvl.: Herring
Carliss lvl.: Herring, James N.
Fif+h Row: Privales Hesler, Paschal C.: Hinely, War
ren A.: Hirsch, H.: Horovilz, Fred J,: Jones, Richard C.
lvlalphrus, John W., Jr.
Sixfh Row: Privalres Mickler, Henry H.: Robbins
George H.: Smilh, lvlonly H.: Smilrh, Ralph W.: Wall
Huber? D.: Weeks, Seaborn L.
CLARENCE R. A. REDMOND GEORGE W HABER ANTHONY R DADDARIO
Firsf Lieufenanf C pf
Regimenial Medical Offi A T 1 D Y I S g B fl l M d l
lReading from Lell lo Righll
Firs+ Row: Technical Sergeanl
Foran, John J., Slall Sergeanls Mar-
lin, John D., Parsons, Noah W., Ser-
qeanl Palmer, Craig A.
Second Row: Corporals McLaughA
lin. Roberl C., Palmer, Jim C., Prif
vales Firsl Class Broolcs, Roberl M.,
Carn, Lander E., Gould, John W.,
Holl, Leroy W.
Third Row: Priyales Firsl Class
Kiley, Roberl, McDonald, James M.,
Meyers, l-lenry G., Palmer, William
W., Wilburn, Claude R., Privale
Connors, Francis M.
Fourlh Row: Rriyales Coolc, Charles
l-l., Demosfhenes, l-larry C.: Demo
sey, Edwin, Downing, Dennis T., Fin-
ney, Raymond M., Cfallella, Paul V.
Fif+h Row: Privales l-laqin, Cecil
C., Mell, Joseph l-l., Miller, l-larold
D., Milliades, Theo X., Pinclcney.
Richard V., Roberls, Joseph W.
Six+h Row: Priyales Spillers, Royce
E., Tarpley. Marvin l-l., Todd, Edward
l-l., Wallcer, Carl E., Whalen, James
B Halion Medical
LOUIS E. GAETA
BUFORD L. O'NEAL
Assisfa nf Medical Officer
e imen a en a ur eon
'A' 'Ir if 'A' S ir
-Af W .
a rra n Off
HENRY H. GRUVER
Reading from Lell lo Righlj
Firsl Row: Technical Sergeanl Calf
lerlon, A. V.: Slall Sergeanl Caller-
lon, F. J.: Serqeanls l-larringlon,
Arlhur W.: l-loll, Elmo: l-lullo, Philip
Second Row: SergeanlSn'1ilh, Clar-
ence L.: Corporals Cleary, Clarence
L.: Fripp, Lewis M.: Priyales Firsl
Class Bevill, Charles W.: Bowen.
Jarnes A.: Cobia, l-larry S.
Thircl Row: Privales Firsl Class
Cooper, l-larry S.: Dyches, Clinlon
D.: Fyfe, Roberl C.: Sandy, Louie
V.: Gunn, Lehman W.: l-lenry, Ar-
lhur E. Q
Fourfh Row: Priyales Firsl Class
McGuire, James l-l.: Roberls, Ralph
L.: Roberls, Ray O.: Sheahan, John
C.: Wallcer, l-lowell T.: Walers, liranlc
CHARLES R. PETERSON FREDERICK E. DUCEY JOHN F. SCHWALB
Lieutenant Colonel Major Maior
Commanding Execufive Officer S-3
THOMAS J. MARTIN, JR. JOSEPH B. SMITH, JR. AUGUST G. BADENHOOP CHARLES L. DAVIS
Capfain Capiain Capfain FIrsI Lieufenanf
Assistant S-3 Sf2 Adiufant Assis+anI S-2
BRYAN M DAVIS FLOYD P SWAILS MARVIN P HEERY, JR.
lReading lrom Lell lo Righll
Firsl Row: Masler Ser-
geanl Heape, Arlie M.:
Technical Sergeanls Burlq-
haller, Rulus L.: Connor,
Herberl O.: Slall Sergeanl
Howe, Andrew B.
Second Row: Slall Ser-
geanl Pepper, James M.:
Sergeanls Corcoran, Daniel
J.: Cox, Clillord J.: Dyches,
Eugene H.: Hanlrinson, Rob-
erl D.: Jaclcson, Ellis J.
Third Row: Sergeanls
Lynes, Richard G.: Oelgen,
William J.: Prilchard, Tall-
nall R.: Ramsing, Paul: Shea,
Horace M.: Wise, Harold A.
Fourlh Row: Corporals
Caines, Oliver K.: Godbee,
William B.: Grizzard, Alvin
T.: ller, James E.: Lane, Daw-
son W.: Morgan, Sam T.
Fillh Row: Corporals
Nance, William N.: Roller,
J. W.: Roller, J. W.: Shuler,
Eranlc D.: Simmons, Herberl
B.: Smilh, Eugene V.
Sixlh Row: Corporals
Suggs, Waller P.: Wise, Ce'
cil N.: Yarbrough, George
lReading from Leil lo Riqhll
Firsl' Row: Rrivales Eirsl Class
Ansley, lrving A.: Beelchy. George
A.: Beggs, Roberl D.: Collins, Lee M.
Second Row: Privales Eirsl Class
Davis, Jesse P.: Davis, Kermil H.:
Ellis, James N.: Elmore, Harris M.:
Gibson, Herman L.: Johnson, Herberl
Third Row: Privales Eirsl Class
Kaser, George A.: Lane, James L.:
Lowe, Lesler E.: McCar+hy, Francis
J.: Morgan, John D.: Norlon, John
Four+h Row: Privales Firsl Class
Price, James W.: Smilh, John F.:
Sloddard, Thomas C.: Torley, Charles
B.: VonDol+eren, Chas. G.: Zipperer,
Fif+h Row: Privales Allen, Roberl
L.: Billew, John B.: Brewlon, Beverly
E.: Brunson, Edward R.: Cely, William
R.: Claylon, Monnie A.
Six+h Row: Privales Davis, Frank
W.: Dean, Lulher D.: Ellis, Lonnie:
Eaullcner, Joseph J.: Eerguson, Doyle
M.: Einch. Clinlon.
Sevenfh Row: Privales Finch,
Comer: Goodman. Andrew L.:
Gragg, LeRoy S.: Graham, Harvey
B.: Granale. Laverne E.: Grillin,
Eigh+h Row: Privales Harper,
Charles A.: Hursl, Charles L.: Jones,
Hansel E.: Marlin, William W.:
Moore, Howard L.: Moye, George
Ninfh Row: Privales Newlon,
James T.: Palis, Theodore A.:
Plemons, Charlie W.: Plemons, Del-
rner W.: Ray, Wallace B.: Rowe.
Ten+h Row: Privales Sheorn, Willis:
Shorl, Odean: Simons, John R.:
Sloyle, Gerald: Subolniclc, Abraham:
Vereen, Clifford L.
GEVERT SEMKEN THOMAS H. GERATY WALTER E. STANFORD
lReading from Leif lo Righfl
Firs+ Row: Masler Sergeanl Burd-
sal, Virgil R.: Firsi Sergeanl Dillard,
Melvin S.: Technical Sergeanl Helm-
ly, Donald J.: Slain' Sergeani Pan-
nal, George A.: Sergeanis Lee,
Richard E.: Lollerhos, Roy l-l., Jr.
Second Row: Sergeanis Lynch,
Roberl: Miller, William E.: Rounlree,
Calvin A.: Searcey, William A.: Sear-
son, Richard H.: Vereen, Jack M.
Third Row: Corporals Breen, Mar-
vin: Crosby, Thomas E.: Follc, Thomas
W.: E-lalhaway, Warren H.: Raffer-
son, E-layes l-l.
lReading from Leif To Righrl
Firsi' Row: Privales Firsr Class Brady, Thomas:
Breedlove, Nolan C.: Burlcelr, F. C., Jr.: Clarlc,
David F.: Clillon, Wiley S.
Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Darden,
George: Elliorr, John J.: Fields, Lurher V., Jr.:
Kaney, James C.: Slallord, Roberl H.
Third Row: Privares Firsr Class While, Howell
W.: Wilson, James E.: Privales Alexander, Rob-
er+ S.: Anderson, Herman W.: Arlcins, Flercher
Four+h Row: Privares Banlcslon, Parker J.:
Bolen, John D.: Broome, Jesse C.: Croolce, Her-
berl M.: Crosby, Charles O.
Fif+h Row: Privales Culhrell, George L.: Dav-
enporr, Rex lvl.: Edwards, Bobbie G.: Hoplcins,
Raymond L.: Jones, Jammie H.
Sixlh Row: Privales Lanier, L. A.: Lee, George:
Lord, Harris V.: Maze, John A.: McElhannon
Sevenfh Row: Privales Ggilvie, Alexander W.:
Robinson, Harvey N.: Samples, Dewey: Srephens,
Paul T.: Siolces, Henry F., Jr.
Eighfh Row: Privares Taylor, Sam E.: Todd,
David B.: Turner, Lee W.: Waldroup, James:
WILLIAM J. HATCHER ROBERT C. LOVETT RAYMOND F. CARTER
in Firsf Lieuienanf Second Lieufenanf
lReading from Leif +o Riglwll
Firs+ Row: Sergeanlr Hollon, Rolo-
erl G.: Sergeanls Diclcey, Emerson
R.: Godbee, Emory L.: Huggins,
Clarence N.: lvlarlrin, William B.:
Reeves, lrvin N.
Second Row: Sergeanls Sapp, Ber-
nard B.: Scoll, Fred W.: Tinley,
Lawlon E.: Walden, Waller L.: Cor-
porals Bell, Sim, Jr.: Farrar, Clay-
Third Row: Corporals Gray, Rob-
er+ F.: l-larris, Reid A.: Hurd, George
R.: lvlobley, l-lerloerl W.: Tinley,
Cleveland W.: Wood, Ben T.
B A T T E R Y A
lReading from Leif lo Righfl
Firsf Row: Privales Firsl Class Bailey, Lonnie: Baxley,
John, Jr.: Beclon, Jonnie C.: Bragg, John W.: Bragg,
Paul E.: Brinson, James P.
Second Row: Privafes Firsl Class Burke, Oliver J.:
DeLaigle, Raymond N.: Dickey, Cecil J.: Drew, Harley
R.: Gilrealh, Charles l-l.: Godbee, Garnel.
Third Row: Privales Firsl Class l-lall, William: Jesler,
Guy L.: Lively, Quarlers U.: lvlcSwain, Oles: Messex,
George R.: lvlobley, William G.
Fourfh Row: Privales Firsl Class Moore, Josh R.I
Raloilsch, Haywood W.: Reagan, Roberl L.: Reynolds,
Allon R.: Rogers Earl Jr.: Sleyens, Joseph A.
Fif+h Row: Privales Firsl Class Slory, Samuel G.:
Allen, Colie L.: Allen, Francis M.: Bargeron, Marion W.:
Barlon, l-lenry A.
Sixlh Row: Rrivales Blackburn, Raymond E.: Burke, Tell
L.: Clarke, Grady S.: Clarke, James l-l.: Clillon, James
A.: Clilfon, James D.
M i '
B A T T E R Y A
lReading from Leif ro Righfl
Firsi' Row: Privales Cliflon, John H.: Daniel, William
l-l.: Day, Spencer E.: Dickey, l-larlow l'l.: Gilpin, James
L.: Graves, Gordie N.
Second Row: Privares l-lalcher, Erancis W.: Herndon,
Beniamin Z.: Hughes, Clyde L.: lvesler, Lonnie O.:
Jenkins, Carl R.: Jenkins, Edward O.
Third Row: Privales Jenkins, George W.: Johnson,
l-lerberl W.: Johnson, J. W.: Joiner, Roberl L.: Kersey,
Alberr E.: Kilpalrick, l-lillis.
Four+h Row: Privales Knight Allen P.: Levy, Ralph V.:
Livingslon, Johnnie: McKinney, Thomas E.: Mock, Thomas
l.: Pallerson, Marvin L.
Fif+h Row: Privales Quick, John F.: Reddick, William
A.: Ridgon, Harley T.: Royals, James M.: Sharpe, Clifford
A.: Shenk, Edwin T.
Six+h Row: Privares Skinner, Curlis W.: Smilh, John C.:
Wallace, John T.: Way, Eugene T.: Williams, Ollie C.
BENJAMIN H. WILLIAMS
lReading from Leif Io Riglnll
Firsf Row: Firsl Sergeanl Beales,
James F.: Sergeanls Beasley, David
C.: Becker, Meldrim R.: Conaway,
l-larold J.: DeLoacl'1e. George N.:
Doly, lrving W.
Second Row: Sergeanls Fields,
William A.: Garner, James R.:
l-lodges, Franklin A.: Jenkins, Harold
L.: Roysler, Woodrow G.: Smilln,
Third Row: Corporals Barry, Frank
l.: Davis, Lullwer W.: DeLoacl1, Jolwn
P.: Doss, Dewey A.: Dykes, William
E.: Hall, Jolwn R.
Fourfh Row: Corporals ller, Allen
O.: Kirkley, Earl G.: Rider, Floyd J.:
Slwearouse, Jolwn F.: Simmons, Wal-
Ter E.: Walers, Edward.
GRADY P. HEXT
B A T T E R Y B
lReading from Leif lo Righfl
Firsl' Row: Privales Firsl Class Barnes, Huberl
G.: Beasley, Marvin J.: Boolh, Henry H.
Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Boyd, Wil!
liam E.: Carler, Leslon L.: Clarlce, Joseph W.:
Collier, Herberl H.: Coolc, Lewis L.
Third Row: Priyales Firsl Class Eady, Edwin
H.: Graham, Harold E.: Haynes, William P., Jr.:
Lamb, Charles T.: Lamond, James D.
Fourfh Row: Rriyales Firsl Class lvlixson, Horf
ace R.: Moore, Lloyd B.: Nelson, Veasy W.:
Orvin, Louis E., Jr.: Pale, Roberl.
Fif+h Row: Privales Firsf Class Sludebalcer,
Woodrow W.: Thompson, Jaclq: Young, Lesler
R., Jr.: Rriyales Allen, Raul R.: Bailey, William E.
Sixfh Row: Privales Bazemore, John R.: Becfon,
Joseph E.: Brannen, John C.: Carler, Valene:
Chilly, John F.
Seven+h Row: Priyares Conley, Coy: Conley,
Nalhang Crews, James P.: Dove, Carllon D.
B A T T E R Y B
lReading from Lell lo Righll
Firsl' Row: Privares Dugger, Herschel H.:
Dullon, Grady H.: Farisl, Tandy L.
Second Row: Privales Furman, George R.:
Garner, Nolan R.: Garrard, William: Gravill,
Roy W.: Harley, Willard.
Third Row: Privares Hobbs, Earnesr J.: Hub-
bard, John L.: Hulsey, Vassie: Jellords, James:
Johnson, George M.
Fourlh Row: Privales Jones, Charles W., Jr.:
King, Wiley: MoBrayer, Joseph H.: lvlclvlaslers,
Earl G.: Nease, lvlcfxdoo W.
Fif+h Row: Privales Newman: Holme S.: Parnell,
John L.: Reddick, Clillord C.: Slannard, Vernon
W.: Sludebalcer, Roberl L.
Six+h Row: Priyales Tanner, Clyde S.: Town-
send, Curlis: Tyre, Mayroe L.: Tyrell, Clarence'
Ulmer, James R.
Sevenfh Row: Privales Wall, Fred: Wall, Wil-
liam H.: Walers, Warren B.: Williams, Jack A.
BERNARD A. MCDONOUGH JOSEPH C. DAVIS JOHNNIE H. CARTER
Capiain First Lieufenan? Second Lieufenanf
lReading from Leil lo Righll
Firs+ Row: Firsl Sergeanl Ellisor,
Alfred: Sergeanis Albrillon, Ralph
C.: Alderman, Bernard E.: Carier,
Second Row: Sergeanls lvey, John
B.: Kelly, William L.: Kelly, Clinlon
A.: Lee, John A.: Morrison, James
E.: Parrish, Charlie S.
Third Row: Sergeanl Roberlson,
Ervin E.: Corporals Biggs, Daniel W.:
Caldwell, Paul A.: Cornell, John J.,
Jr.: Founlain, Cecil A.: Johnson,
Fourfh Row: Corporals, Johnson,
Daniel W.: McCall, Lawlon L.: lvlc-
Donough, William P.: Merrill, Rob-
err E.: Powell, Charles E.: Wallace,
B A T T E R Y
lReading 'from Leif To Righll
Firsl' Row: Privales Firsl Class Boyelr, Roy J.:
Bryanl, I-larry W.: Bunger, Roloerl l-l.: Darnell,
Na+ W.: Davis, Allon S.
Second Row: Privales Firsr Class Driggers,
William l-l.: Griner, Elheridge: Gunler, Farnham
A.: l-lagan, John A.: Harvey, John A.
Third Row: Privaies Firsl Class Housand, Alvy
T.: Johns, James C.: Kessler, Lon P.: Liille,
James M.: Moclq, James L.
Fourfh Row: Priyales Firsl Class Moore, Ervin
C.: Morgan, Jessie: Pills, Roberls E.: Scoll,
Allen F.: Rilcer, Elmer l.,
Fif+h Row: Priyales Firsl Class Waller, William
W.: Woods, Charles G.: Privares Anderson,
Nevil l-l.: Andrews, Maynard J.: Anlhony, Ru-
Sixfh Row: Privares Barnelr, Jewell A.: Beale,
George W.: Belle, William l-l., Jr.: Bomar, Guy
F., Jr.: Bohannon, William l..
Sevenfh Row: Privales Bragg, Robbie S.: Bur-
ris, Arley T.: Callaway, Lemuel K.: Chapman,
John M.: Clarlce, Cecil l-l.
B A T T E R Y C
lReading 'from Leif +o Righll
Firsi' Row: Privales Coleman, Daniel W.: Cole
man, Loran B.: Cox, Lesier J.: Cumloee, Earl M.
Daughiry, William H., Jr.
Second Row: Privales Davis, Henry L.: Fergu
son, Ben W.: Garrard, Pleamon N.: Gibson
Jesse B., Jr.: Griner, Elwood K.
Third Row: Privafes Guy, Hallie M.: Harrison
Vernon P.: Hodges, Hugh E.: Keene, Herberl C.
Kessler, Roy J.
Four'rh Row: Priyaies May, Edwin T.: Mock
James R.: Morgan, Sumpler S.: Orr, Louis C.
Pererson, Richard H.
Fif+h Row: Privaies Pryor, Chesier D.: Reid
Eugene R.: Schuman, Joseph C.: Silces, Fred W.
Skipper, William H.
Sixfh Row: Privaies Skipper, John H.: Tapley
Elberi: Thurman, Willie E.: Todd, Elmer O.: Trull
Seven+h Row: Privaies Trull, Horace L.: Vin
cent Truman H.: Walson, Emory W.: Wilds
PAUL H. GOOGE PATRICK E. SEAWRIGHT ORVILLE D. LYSAUGHT
Lieufenanf Colonel Meier Maior
Commanding Execu+ive Officer 5-3
EDGAR C. WIGGINS WILLIAM G. HAUPT ROBERT L. WYLLY, JR. RAYMOND I. CLEMENT, JR.
Capfain Capfain Capfain Firsf Lieufenanf
Assisfanf S-2 Adiuianf AssIsIanI S-3 Assisfanf S-Z
WILLIAM C. SCONYERS GABRIEL B. MCNAIR
Firsf Lieutenant Firsf Lieutenant
RAYMOND H. MAYER
fi MVA I
'Reading from Lell Io Righrl
Firs+ Row: Technical Ser-
geanls Palmer, Roberl N.:
Parroll, Oren M.: Slali Ser-
geanis Axson, Beniamin P.:
I-lilburn, Bernard F.: Johnson,
Jesse S.: Sergeanl Bailey,
Second Row: Sergeanls
Cason, John A., Jr.: Crow-
ley, Woodrow W.: Pogarly,
D. T.: l-laar, George F.:
Plaar, John M., Jr.: Hall,
Third Row: Se-rgeanls
Hennessy, Wil l ia m F.:
Scruggs, Odell J.: Waller,
Edgar F.: Corporals Flanders,
George M.: I-lodges, Ben L.:
l:ourI'h Row: Corporals
Jones, James D.: Lee, Wale
ler M.: Leggell, I-luberl W.:
Murphy, Wilbur E.: Pagh,
Roberl' C.: Parlcer, Wilden
Fif+h Row: Corporals
Salkin, Arlhur J.: Saunders,
Edward E.: Terrell, James E.:
Tyson, James R.: While,
lReading from LeTT To l?ighTl
Firs+ Row: PriyaTes Firsi Class
Alford, James C.: Balmer, Willis F.:
Bazemore, Herman C.: Bryanf, Wal-
Ter: Bullard, Kirby S.: Dominy, Wil-
Second Row: PrivaTes Firsir Class
HioTT, George T.: Johnson, James
G.: Kramer, Chris F., Jr.: LaRoche,
Ernest LinTon, l?oberT G.: Livingslron.
Third Row: PrivaTes Firsf Class
Murphy, Waljrer: Raborn, HerberT L.:
Qyals, Charles W.: Sanders, Willie:
Saxon, Josh W.. Jr.: Schuman, Carl.
Four+h Row: Privalres l3irsT Class
Spence, Vander: Spivey, Cleo:
Thompson, Cardell: Wilson, James
B.: l3rivaTes Abrams, Joseph W.:
Bargeron, Wafson L.
Fif+h Row: Privales Bashlor, William
H.: Dowd, Theodore S.: EasTerling,
Claude D.: Farrell, Garland L.:
GlusTrom, Johnnie: HarTley, AlberT
Six+l'1 Row: PrivaTes Harvard, Jo-
seph F.: Jenkins, James E., Jr.: Lam-
berf, Bosco: lvlacicie, James lvl.:
lvlanis, Wayne F.: lvlilrchem, Roy l.
Sevenih Row: PriyaTes Morgan.
GusTave P.: Morris, Gordon lvl.:
Risinger, Wallrer L.: Sanders, James
F., Jr.: Segars, Howard B.: Simmons,
Eigh+h Row: PriyaTes Smifh, Hal
H.: Smifh, William R.: Spires, James
R.: Sfephens, Charlie L.: Summers,
William T.: Swails, Dan.
Nin+h Row: PrivaTes Thompson,
l2oberT E., Jr.: ThriTT, George H.:
Townsend, David D.: Turner, Henry
J.: Turner, Jesse L.: WeaThers,
Tenfh Row: Privalres Weafhersbee.
RoberT H.: Webb, George H.: Wilf
son, Lamar R.: Woodyard, Henry T.:
ZiTTrauer, Hugh W.
CLEFFORD H. CLAGHORN RICHARD E. EVANS, JR.
lReadinq from Leil To Righil
Firsi' Row: lviasier Sergeani
Graham, Waller H.: Firsi Sergeani
Vinson, Wiley S.: Technical Serqeani
Smilh, Angus E.: Slaii Sergeani
Bunger, John T.: Sergeanis Anesios,
l-larry P.: Clarke, John E.
Second Row: Serge-anis Counihan,
Dennis J.: Kearney, Thomas G.: Nun-
nally, George B.: Phillips, Henry O.:
Rankin, Raymond E.: Sims, Marion B.
Third Row: Corporals Drosi, l-ienry
T., Jr.: Mason, Roloeri K.: McNair,
William J.: lvlewborn, Woodrow W.:
Paper, Joseph: Willingham, Ben l-E.
,fl lReading from l.ef+ lo Riglwll
.l'Tirs+ Row: Privales Eirsf Class Bunlon, Lawf
rence T.: Evans, David, Jr.: Evans, William E.
Second Row: Privafes Eirsl Class Hiqqine
bollaam, James H.: lvloclc. Corrie A.: Scoll, Ed-
gar H., Jr.: Silces, Breman: Vaclwon, Roland.
Third Row: Privales Billne, Jebbie C.: Black,
William L.: Buclc, Wiley E., Jr.: Carllon, Willie
V.: Dodd, Toy A.
Fourfh Row: Privales Eriddle, James B.: Gil-
more, Richard J.: Gossell, William P.: Griffin.
Clfiarles A.: Leppla, Eranlc.
Fif+h Row: Privales Lelbeller, Waller O.:
Lynn, William l.: Maddox: Charles C.: Manning,
Charles D.: Mason, Leo H.
Sixflw Row: Privales lvleelrian, William E.:
Moore, Hollis G.: Murdock, James R.: Nelson,
Edgar E.: Nixon, Barney E.
Sevenlh Row: Privales Painler, Wilford B.:
Palmer, Edward E.: Pale, Tlwomas V.: Penninglon,
Calelci E., Jr.: Rilcliie, Haran R.
Eigl1l'l'l Row: Privales Russell, Jaclc E.: Russell,
James B.: Slceen, Newlon O., Jr.: Sprall, Henry
G.: Terry, Jolnn l..
Nin+l1 Row: Privales Weems, William G., Jr.:
Williams, Charles R.: Wilson, Roberl T.: Wren,
Edgar A.: Zorn, George R.
WALTON S. VanARSDALE PERCY H. CARTER BENJAMIN T. BEHNKEN
Capfa F 1 Lieufenanf Firsf Lieutenant
lReadinq from Lel+ +0 Righrl
Firsr Row: Slalf Sergeanl Brab-
lwam, Rufus D.: Sergeanls Amos, El-
berl V.: Carler, Ross B.: Connor,
Charles R.: Lalille, Roberr W.: New-
some, William A.
Second Row: Serqeanls Pandlle,
Ray J,: Smillw, Edward M.: Slriclcland,
Roberl R.: Walden, Henry C.: Cor-
porals Bailey, Jolwn R.: Barras, Ar-
Third Row: Corporals Brinson, Alex
R.: Clarlc, James K.: Douglas, James
L.: Farr, Welcome G.: Kniglwr, Har-
old F.: Marclmman, James E.
Fourih Row: Corporals Morgan,
Lawrence E.: Morris, Russell E.: Quin-
ney, Heber M., Jr.: Wilson, Roberl
B A T T E R Y D
lReading from Lell +0 Righlrl
Firs+ Row: Priya+es Firsl Class Brown, Clyde
M., Jr.: Buclcley, James l-l.: Coburn, Bruce N.:
Denl, James E.: Finney, lvan.
Second Row: Privales Firsl Class Floyd, Eu-
gene M.: Hayman, Ormond B.: l-lodges, Francis
O.: Lain, Jesse W.: Lair, James W.
Third Row: Privajres Firsl Class McBride, Jesse
P.: Medlin, William: Newlon, Sidney E.: Paller-
son, John G.: Price, Lihugh C. HD? g,,14,,q7 If' "'
,., - ,-"'L- us
. . f
., f 7-1, ,g,44ul'
Four+h Row: Privales Firsl Class Rogers,
Clifford W.: Shiver, Leroy M.: Suddalh, Jake P.:
Suddalh, LaFaye++e W.: Sullivan, Thomas J.
Fiffh Row: Privales Firsl Class Waldhour, Ru-
per+ M.: Weelcs, Calvin R.: Williams, Henry:
Privales Alley, Pierce W.: Bacon, Jessie W.
Six+h Row: Privales Baker, Freeman A.: Clark,
Lee M.: Crall, James I.: Dennis, Francis C.:
Fain, Willard O.
Sevenfh Row: Privales Floyd, Webb M.:
Glover, James A.: Green, E. L.: l-lyde, Jewell D.:
Hyder, Ralph E.
B A T
T E R Y D
llleading from Lefl +o Righll
Firsi' Row: Privales Jackson, John R.: Jones
James D.: Jones, Theodore.
Second Row: Privales Jones, Tom W.: Klien
slerber, Carl G.: Lain, W. E.: Landrum, Edward
Lee, Roberi l.
Third Row: Privales Leuly, John S., Jr.: Mal-
phrus, Bryan E.: Mallhews, William R.: Mc
Cullum, James: McGhee, Clarence.
Fourih Row: Privales Miles, Frank K.: Miller
W. E.: Mimbs, Newborn R.: Mock, Cecil E.
Mock, Willie W.
Fif+h Row: Privales Murray, Oran O.: Piclcern
Jessie: Porfer, Arrie E.: Porier, George W.
Powell, T. B.
Six+h Row: Privales Powell, Jim B.: Raffinni
William B.: Russell, Waller J.: S+. Clair, Paul E.
Shealey, Roberl R.
Seven+h Row: Privafes Shelfon, Julious lvl.
Slanley, Gene A.: Sweat Claude D.: Taylor
Johnnie: Weaver, Arlin.
JOSEPH C- DAVIS JosEPH E JOHNSTON TASH P ANESTOS
Capfain W M
Commanding W Y 4
lReading from Leif +o Righll
Firsf Row: Firsl Sergeanf Hogan,
Thomas F.: Sergeanls Fogarly, Daniel
T.: Ganem, Keeny P.: Hennessy, John
E.: Hulching, George A.: Jenlcins,
Second Row: Sergeanls Renfz, Eu-
gene H.: Russell, Joseph E.: Slaliord,
Nicholas T., Jr.: Corporals fxrd, John
A.: Berry, Edward J.: Cooley, John
Third Row: Corporals Ellis, Wilfred
C.: Frizelle, Louis E.: Gavin, Gene T.:
Griililh, Seabron J.: Jenlcins, Irby A.:
Kilroy, Brandon R.
Four+h Row: Corporals McKenna,
John T.: Muller, William A.: Pappas,
Gus J.: Williams, Harrold A.
B A T T E R Y E
lReading from Lell 'ro Righll
Firsi' Row: Privales Firsl' Class Archer, Causey
W.: Bandy, Frank H.: Barnes, David H.: Chappas,
George: Desposilo, Ralph A.
Second Row: Privales Firsl' Class Dominiclc,
Edward M.: Douglas, Emanuel H.: Douglas, Leslie
M.: Easferling, Gainees E.: Easlerling, William C.
Third Row: Privales Firsl Class Harvey, Roberl
F.: Holcombe, Raymond J.: Humphrey, Grady
B.: Key, Woodrow W.: King, Fred C.
Four+h Row: Privales Firs'r Class Knight Her-
man L.: Mixon, Harold G.: Nail, Randolph:
Reames, Waller R.: Sauers, Clarence E.
Fiffh Row: Privales Firsl Class Schroder, John
lvl.: Slidham, Clinlon: Slineman, Allen C.: Terrell,
George E.: Thomas, Rufus C.
Sixlh Row: Privale Firsl Class Williams, Ralph
E.: Privales Acree, Francis R.: Angelus, Lulcie N.:
Allcinson, Arle J.: Barrell, John l..
Seven'rh Row: Privales Carellas, Basil G.: Car-
roll, Henry G.: Chilly, Wallace F.: Ciucevich,
Edward G.: Colley, Jaclcey D.
B A T T
lReading from Leif lo Righll
Firsf Row: Privales Cooksey, Gary W.: Cope-
land, John L.: Cowarr, Reginald C.: Edmondson,
John: Fain, Osco W.
Second Row: Priva+es Ferrell, George A.:
Fuller, Horace W.: Hardee, Fred M.: Hari, Ma-
rion: Johnson, Hoyl J.
Third Row: Privales Jones, Wm. S.: Kendrick,
John M.: Loncon, Horace J.: McDowell, John R.:
McGinnis, Franlc J.
Fourlh Row: Privares McKenna, James A.:
Mixon, Elverd M.: Moon, Jim H.: Moore, Wade
H.: Porler, George B.
Fiffh Row: Privares Ryan, Edward T.: Roberl-
son, Joseph B.: Sasser, Armon A.: Schuman, V
Clifford R.: Smiih, Bonnie D. ' , Yfffe: fl 'Vai
Sixih Row: Privares Slanley, Grover S.:
Slephens, Waller: Thompson, Alberr E.: Vaughn,
James K.: Wynne, Charles M.
Sevenfh Row: Privales Yeomans, Wilbur K.:
Young, Henry W.: Young, Sliles H.: Youmans,
WALTON S. VanARSDALE T. NUGENT COURVOISIE WALDO E. SPENCE
Firsf Lieufenanf Second Lieufenanf
lReading from Lell +o Righll
Firsl' Row: Sergeanfs Bailey, Ralph R.: Fagan,
Norman J.: Farr, William lvl.: Fields, Lee R.:
Greenway, Thomas D.
Second Row: Sergeanls Hernandez, Thomas:
l-lodges, Bruce E.: Joyner, Rayford: Lynes, Cle
lvl.: Taylor, Willard K.
Third Row: Serge-anl Womble, Charles R.:
Corporals Brunson, Jaclc F.: l-lardin, N. R.:
l-laupl, Lewis W.: Kendrick, Wallon.
Four+h Row: Corporals Lee, Harold M.: Mc-
Coy, Carl M.: Thigpen, Forresl W.: Thomas,
l-lenry F.: Williamson, Waller V.
B A T T E R Y F
lReading from Leff +o Righfl
Firsi' Row: Privafes Firs+ Class Barrs, Lulher E.: Brannen,
Cecil T.: Brannen, Winron E.: Brewer, Maclain: Cason.
Henry S.: Cooler, John P.
Second Row: Privafes Firsl Class Corey, Thomas L.:
Daley, Elmer E.: Garnio, Ralph: Givens. Godfrey H.:
Griner, Arfhur J.: Harrioll, James L.
Third Row: Privales Firsl Class Johnson, John T.: Jones,
Jack T.: Joyner, Millon E.: Keilh, Julie A.: Lanier, Inman
L.: Long, Jessie G.
Four+h Row: Privalres Firsl Class Mclvlillan, James:
Paffon, John O.: Paxlon, George M.: Pilfman, Willard J.:
Powell, John J.: Ramsay, Alexander S.
Fif+h Row: Privafes Firsl Class Rowe, James O.: Sasser,
Willie: Silva, Raymond L.: Smilh, Arfhur L.: Smirh, Dan
Bernard: Privale Beasley, James H.
Six+h Row: Privales Branch, Benjamin F.: Bundriclc,
James M.: Cameron, Spergham J.: Cobb, Alberr L., Jr.:
Cochran, Curlis W.: Collins, Floyd Mc.
B A T T E R Y F
lReadinq from Lell lo Riqhll
Firsf Row: Privales Cowarl, Ben F.: Dean, Millon:
Dickerson, Harry R., Douqlas, John li.: Diinfan, Lee G.:
Elmqren, Fred H.
Second Row: Privales Poole, Joe D.: Gassell, Edwin
L.: Greene, Hoylg Griffin, Clarence, Griffin, James
Clyde, Hall, Murry L.
Third Row: Privales Hand, Charlie L.: Head, Waller
E., Hiclcs, James W., James, Nelson B.: Kennedy, Wil-
liam C.: Kimbrell, William J.
Fourlh Row: Priyales Laniqan, Durancey Marlin, Wal'
son E., McSwain, Daniel A., Moody, Fred, Neal, Harry
E.: Olhleal, Arlhur L.
Fif+h Row: Privales Overslreel, James E.: Pally, James
C.: Rhoden, George F., Riner, Dollus G.: Robbins, John
C., Smilh, Holce,
Sixfh Row: Priyales Sfriclcland, Mercer H.: Summer,
Kennelh V.1Thompson, Henry F., Weslberry, Lamar, Wilf
Published and Copyrighted, I94I, by
THE ARMY AND NAVY PUBLISHING COMPANY, Inc.
BATON ROUGE, LOUISIANA SHREVEPORT, LOUISIANA NASHVILLE, TENNESSEE
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