US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC)

 - Class of 1923

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US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1923 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 156 of the 1923 volume:

kl p ' r ' «r f fi - ' .4u ' - +■ ' ? " .i ' %. aaa 1923 [ 1 ] aon Jforetoorb I |S a class of nurses, we are about to step over the threshold of our careers. Behind us lie the patience and kindness of our school, the insjiiring records of those who have preceded us, and our ever humble and untiring efforts to succeed. It is, then, with gratitude, pride, and confidence that we look forward to the future. We can only hope and believe that these instruments, which have made it possible for us to achieve the first accomplishment, will continue with us in memory and in fact to lighten our liurdens and urge us on to new endeavors. The responsil)ility of our task confronts us as we leave our school to take up practical work in fields where our Science is sorely needed. We can not helj) counting our purpose a high one, and the opportunities which lie before us boundless in their extent. To all those who have given their time and effort to make this book suc- cessful, we give our sincere thanks, and we feel that it is greatly through their efforts that we are able to present to our classmates this volume which, we hope, will be not only a pleasant reminder of busy days together, but a S3mbol of the ties which bind us to this institution, and of the important w ork for which it stands. There is left for us, then, to bid farewell to our faculty, to our classmates " au revoir, " and to our purpose to say — " Ad astra per aspera. " Marth.v Patton, 192,?. iS - 1923 - 12] I Aon, T 1:0 Colonel James; B. lennan tubenW of tije tla i of 1923 of fje rmp cfjool of ur£iins IBttmtt W )ii P00 ©0 Colonel (glcnnan, our tommanbing officer, tne offer tf)tB bolume to txptesi, in part, tfje appreciation toe so feeenlp feel. 1923 13] MAJOR GENERAL MERRITTE W. IRELAND Surgeon General, U. S. Army 1923 [4] aQ.a Mtvxittt Wthtv Srelanb jERRITTE ' . IRELAND, Sursjeoii General, U. S. Army, was 1)orn at Columbia, Indiana, ? Iay 31st. 1867. He received t he M. D. Degree from Detroit College of Medicine in 1890. and from Jefiferson Medical College in 1891. In that year he was appointed Assistant Surgeon. U. S. Army, with the rank of T ' irst Lieutenant, r roni that time he saw service as Captain, Major, Lieutenant Colonel. Colonel, and I ' .rigadier (.ieneral, and finally was ajjpointed to the grade of Major General in August, 1918. In Octol er of 1918 General Ireland was a])pointed Surgeon General of the Army. In his Army career General Ireland had service at various Western stations, in Cuba during the Spanish-American War. in the Philijjpines twice, once during the Philippine Insurrection, at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, and with the Ameri- can E.xpeditionary Forces where he was Assistant to the Chief Surgeon of those forces until May, l ' )18, when he was appointed Chief Surgeon, a position he held until his return to the I ' niled States to become Surgeon General in ( ctober, 1918. General Ireland has received the Distinguished Service Medal, the French Medaille des Epideniies, the French decoration, Commandeur, Legion d ' Honnetir ; the British decoration. Companion. Order of the Bath ; and the Red Cross .Silver ] Iedal from the Serbian Government. He holds the degrees of LL. I), from Jefferson Medical College and Get- t}-sburg College: A. AI. from the I ' niversity of Michigan: is a Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons, Edinburgh, .Scotland, and a F ' ellow, .American College of .Surgeons, General Ireland is also a member of many scientific, educational, and philan- throjiic organizations. e © Jtl? IKj? V. 1923 I 5] I- ae n. COLONEL JAMES D. GLENNAN, M. C. Commanding Officer, Walter Reed U. S. A. General Hospital 1923 16] fton Colonel James; IB. lennan OLONEL JAMES D. GLEXXAN, Medical Corps, United States Army, was liorn at I ' iochester, Xew ' ork. on March 2, 1862, and in early infancy moved with his parents to the District of Columbia, so that he is truly a W ' ashingtonian. He completed his medical sttidies at Columbian University, now known as Georgfe Washington University, Washing-ton, 1). C. In 1888 he was commissioned in the Medical Corps and served several years at ])osts on the western frontier and with Indians, and was on duty with the Seventh Cavalry in the Sioux Indian Campaign in 1890. In 1898, as a Major and Brigade Surgeon, he saw active service in the Spanish-American War and in the Philipjjine Insurrection, and was Chief Surgeon with the Mexican I ' unitive Expedition in 1916. At the beginning of the World War Colonel (ilennan was assigned to duty in the office of the Surgeon General as officer in charge of hospitalization for domestic service. Early in 1918 he was sent overseas as Chief of Hospitali- zation and Evacuation Division of the Chief Surgeon ' s f ffice. American Ex- peditionary Forces, and while on that duty was promoted to the grade of Urigadier General. ( n returning to the United States Colonel Glennan was assigned to Wal- ter Reed General Hosi)ital, his jtresent station, as commanding officer. During his long . ' rmy career Colonel Glennan has also been conmianding officer of the Division Hospital. Manila. 1 ' . I.; The Letterman General Hosi)ital. San Francisco. Calif. : and the .Sokliers ' Home Hospital. Washington. D. C. Sf . Ss? 1923 I - 1 Paon. MAJOR JULIA C. STIMSON Superintendent Army Nurse Corps; Dean, Army School of Nursing 1923 t 8] i ' piiQa ittajor Julia C. timson I ' LIA C. STIMSOX was liorii in Worcester. .Massachusetts, and re- ceived her preliminary education at the Brearley School, New York City. She was y;raduated from " assar College in 1901 and received the A. B. degree. She later took post-j raduate work at Columbia University, New York Cit -. and at ' ashing■t()n University. St. Louis. Missouri, and re- ceived the A. M. degree from that institution in 1017. In 1921 she received the honorarv degree .Sc. D. from .Mount I loKoke College. In 1 ' ' 08 Miss .Stimson was graduated from the New York Hospital Train- ing .School for Nurses. I ' ollowing her graduation she was for three years superintendent of nurses at Harlem Hospital, New York City. In IS ' ll she toi ' k charge of social service at Yashington University Medical School, St. Louis, and later liecame superintendent o the training .school for nurses at the ISarnes Hosjiital and the St. Louis Children ' s Hospital, in addition to l)eing administrator of social service. ] liss Stimson liecame a member of the . rmy Nurse Cor])s and sailed for Euro]ie in lay. 1917. as Chief Nurse of liase Hospital No. 21. the St. Louis Unit. This hospital served with the I ' ritish I ' .xpeditionary Forces in France, and Miss Stimson remained there until . ])ril. 1 ' 1S. when she was assigned to duty with the American Red Cross in Paris. There she was made Chief Nurse ot the Red Cross Nursing .Service in France. In November of that year she was ajjpointed Director of Nursing Service. . . F. F.. where she had the supervision of over 10.000 members of the Arm - Nurse Cor])s. U])on her return from Euroiie in July. 1919, Miss Stimson was appointed Acting Superintendent, .Vrmy Nurse Cori)s, and Dean, Armv School of Nurs- ing, and on December ? 0. V 9. she was ai)])ointed Su])erintendent of the Army Nurse Corps. When, by the act of Congress dated June 4. 1920. the members of the . rmy Nurse Cor])s were given relative rank, Miss Stimson became Major Stimson. Alajor Stimson has received the Distinguished Service Medal, the British Royal Red Cross, first class, and the F ' rench award, Medaille de la Recon- naissance Francaise. as well as a citation from I ' leld Marshal .Sir Douglas Haig. She is the author of " ' Nurse ' s Handbook of Drugs and Solutions " and " iMnding Themselves. " and has written many rejiorts and articles. 1923 t ' j 1 = Aaa I ANNIE W. GOODRICH First Dean, Army School of Nursing 1923 10 J pi.Q.a nnie W. oobrit() |1SS AXXIE W. GOODRICH was born of American parents in New- Brunswick, New Jersey. She received her j reliininar}- education in the ])rivate schools of Connecticut. England, and France. In 1892 she was graduated from the New York Hospital Training- School for Nurses, and for the eight years following her graduation she served as Superintendent of Nurses at the New York Post-Graduate Hospital, New York City. During the next ten years she held similar positions at St. Luke ' s Hospital. New York City, the New ' ork Hospital, New York City, and Bellevue and Allied Hospitals, New York Cit -. From 1910 to 1914 she was Inspector of Nurse Training Schools, New York State Education Department. Miss Goodrich became Director of Nurses, Henry Street Settlement, New York City, in 1917, and left this ]X)sition to act as Dean of the Army School of Nursing from early in 1918 to August of 1919. As its first Dean, she or- ganized the Army School of Nursing and effected the enrollment of 1,800 selected young women as students. She left the Army School to resume her duties as Director of Nurses at Henry Street Settlement, where she has been ever since that time. In addition to her duties at Henry Street, she is Assistant Professor in the Dejiartnient of Nursing and Health, Teachers ' College, Co- lumbia University, New York City. She has been affiliated with Teachers ' College for many years, as she was lecturer there from 1904 to 191, , and Assistant Professor from 1914 to the present time, with the exce]3tion of the time spent in Washington in connection with the Army .School. In the autumn of 1921 Wiss Goodrich was granted the honorary degree of Doctor of Science by Mount Holyoke College. In March, 192. , the War Department awarded the Distinguished Service ledal to Miss Goodrich in recognition of her exce]:)tionally meritorious and distinguished services as organizer and first Dean of the Army School of Nursing, Miss Goodrich has written many articles on the subject of nursing and has been closely connected with various nursing organizations. She has held the offices of President. Anierican Nurses ' Association ; President. American Federation of Nurses : and Vice-President, International Council of Nurses. In A])ril. 192,3, Miss Goodrich was appointed Dean of the first university undergraduate school of nursing in the L ' inted States, which has been established at ' " ale Universitv, New Haven, Connecticut. 1923 1 11 1 OFFICERS From left to riuht -First row. Maj. Norman ' ! ' . Kirk. Maj. S. Jny Tiirnlnill. Maj. Don C Moore, Ma.i. .Inhii W. Sherwocul. Maj. Adam K. Si-hlanser, Maj. Guy L. t nalls. Second row: Ma.i. Raymonil E. Seott, Maj. Raymond W. Uliss, Lieut. Col. William L. Ktllar (chief surEeonI, Col. James D. Glennan (com- mandinu ofticcrl. I,ieut. Col. I ' aul S. Holloran, Lieut. Col. Lloyd L. Smith (medical chiefi. Maj. Mickey, Capt. Francis M. Tench. Cant. I ' hillip Cook. Third row: Maj. Eoherl E. I ' arrish. Maj. Lucius L. llopwood. Maj. John Dilible. Maj. James H. MontKomery. Miij. Edmund H. Spaeth, Maj Philander C. Riley, Maj. Henry K. li. HulTord. Fourth row; Capt. Patrick S. .Madij.ran, (. ' apt. Ceor e IJ. Terry. Maj. George H. Newell. Maj. Roy T. Morris. Maj. lirown S. McClintic. Maj. Hertel Makel, C ' a()t. Arthur H. Nylen. Capt. Albert I ' . Kinherjrer, Maj. Henry C. Hradford. Maj. James I ' . Crawford, Capt. Harris T. Doust. Fifth row: Tiieut. James L. Alverson, Maj. James E. Philli[is. Maj, Henry C. Coburn, Maj. Albert W. Kenner, Capt. Nolan N. Canter, Capt. John F. Lieberman. Capt. Francis K. Weatherby, Cajit. Carlttm C Starkes, Capt. Chauncey Dovell, Capt. Earle F. Greene. Sixth row: Cai)t. James N. Lothrof), Cal)t. James H. Mann, Capt. William J. Freebourn, Maj, James G. MorninKstar, Capt. Hayes, Capt. Clarence C. Olsen, Maj. Edirar F. }Inincs. Maj. Charles M. Walson, Maj. James A. Dethea. Capt. William E. Sankey, ( ' apt. Joseph R. Darnell, Capt. l)e Forest liallou. l.icul. L. V:in Ness InKvam, ( ' a()t. William li, Foster, J r. !• (R).©n Jf acultp of bminifiitration Maj. Gen. Merritte W. Ireland, Surgeon General, U. S. Army, Washington, D. C. Maj. Ji:i.iA C. Stimson, Superintendent. Army Nurse Corps, Dean. Army School of Nxir.sing, Wa.shington, D. C. Walter Reed General Hospital, Washington, D. C. Col. Jamks D. fiLEWA.N. Commanding. Lt. Col. W ' lu.iAM L. Keller, Chief of Surgical Service. Lt. Col. L. L. Smith. Chief of Medical Service, Advisor. Army School of Nursing. Capt. Elizabeth D. Reid. .Assistant Superintendent, Army Nurse Corps. First Lieut. Elizaiseth Melbv. Chief Nurse, Army Nurse Corps, 5ui)ervisor of Instruction. Army School of Nursing. A J- Letterman Gene ral Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. Col. Albert E. Trubv, Commanding. Capt. DoR. E. Thompso.n ' , Assistant Superintendent, Army Nurse Corps. First Lieut. Ruth I. Taylor, Chief Nurse, Army Nurse Corps, Supervisor of Instruction, Army School of Nursing. 1923 t 13 ] aan CAPTAIN ELIZABETH D. REID Chief Nurse, Walter Reed General Hospital — April, 1922-February, 1923 OUR CHIEF NURSES When we arrived at Walter Reed on October 1, l ' J20, we were jri ' eeted by Miss Anne Williamson, who watched over U3 and helped us during those trying days of probation and shared with us our joy when we received our caps. Regretfully we said good-bye to her when we left for Philadelphia, because we knew that when we were to return a new chief nurse would be presiding. After eight months ' affiliation, on Easter Sunday, 1922, we were welcomed to the Post by Miss Elizabeth Reid. We found her to be a friend who had our interests close at heart. When Miss Reid left for New York to take up work at Columbia University we were pleased to learn that she would be succeeded by Mrs. Julia Flikke, whom we had already learned to love. For three years these chief nurses have been our guardians, giving us freely their counsel and help and, greatest of all, an inspiration to better work and higher ideals. -1923 1 14 ] I " p).Q.a 0tUtevi of 3ns!truction Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D. C. (.ol. Sfibcrt D. lioak, D. C. Chief of Dental Section. Lecturer in dental diseases. I.t. Col. Lloyd L. Smith, M. C, Chief of Medical Section. Advisor. Army School of Nursing. Maj. J, W " . Bethea, M. C. Chief of Urology Section, Lecturer in venereal and urology. Maj. James P. Crawford. M. C, Lecturer in chemistry. Maj. John S. Gaul, M. C. Lecturer in septic surgery. Afaj. Henry K. B. Hufiford, M. C, Lecturer in orthopedic surgery. Maj. Norman T. Kirk, M. C. Lecturer in orthojjedic surgery. . Iuj. James B. Montgomery. M. C. Lecturer in physio therapy. Maj. Alexander D. Parce. M. C. Lecturer in principles of surgery. Maj. Robert E. Parrish. M. C. Lecturer in otology, rhinolngy. and larn]golog_ -. Maj. Philander C. Riley. M. C. Lecturer in general medical Maj. William L. Sheep, M. C, Lecturer in abnormal psychology. Maj. Raymond E. Scott. M. C. Lecturer in microbology and pathology, Maj. John W. Sherwood. M. C. Lecturer m occupational therapy. Maj. Edmund B. Spaeth. M. C, Lecturer in ophthalmology. Maj. Charles M. Walson. M, C. l ecturer in public sanitation. Capt. Noland M. Canter. M. C, Lecturer in Rontgenology. Capt. Philip L. Cook, M. C, Lecturer in peripheral nerve surgery. Capt. Joseph R. Darnall. M. C. I ecturer in materia medica. Capt. Herbert N. Dean, M. A. C. Officer in charge of military drill. Capt. Chauncey E. Dowell, M. C, Lecturer in empyema surgery. Capt. Beverley M. E|)es, D. C, Lecturer in dental diseases. Capt. William B. Foster, M. C Lecturer in anatomy and physiology. Capt. James B. Mann, D. C. Lecturer in dental diseases. Capt. Elizabeth D. Reid, A. N. C, Assistant Superintendent, Army Nurse Corps. Capt. William E. Sankey, D. C, Lecturer in dental diseases. Capt. Carlton C. Starkcs, M. C, Lecturer in anesthesia. l- " irst Lieut. Jessie M. Braden, A. N. C, Cliarge nurse, laboratory. First Lieut. Lucy W. Holden, A. X. C, Instructor in operating-room technique. First Lieut. Elizabeth Melby. A. N. C. Charge instruction. Army School of Nursing. First Lieut. Mary W. Tobin, A. N. C, Instructor in practical nursing. .Second Lieut. Lillian M. Smith, A. N. C, Instructing supervisor. Miss Genevieve Field, head dietitian. Instructor in dietetics and diet in disease. Miss Alberta Montgomery. Supervisor of occupational therapy. Miss Emma E. Vogel, Supervisor of physio therapy. Miss Bertha B. York, Head physio therapy aide. Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. Lieut. Col. Julien R. Bernlieim. D. C, Lecturer in dental diseases. Maj. Charles K. Berle, M. C, Lecturer in physio therapy. Maj. George D. Chunn, M. C, Lecturer in constitutional diseases. Maj. Haskett L. Conner. M. C. Lecturer in anatomy and physiology. Maj. Harry Louis Dale, M. C. Lecturer in diseases of the ear. nose, and throat. 1023 [ 15 1 T aaa Mrs. Julia O. Flikke - 1923 J L 16] i-Pi-QC - Maj. Roland A. Davison, M. C, Lecturer in diseases of urinary tract. Maj. William G. Guthrie. M. C, Lecturer in diseases of liver and pancreas. Maj. Edward G. Huber, M. C.. Lecturer in public sanitation. Maj. Augustus B. Jones. M. C. J ecturer in communicable diseases. Maj. Max R. Stockton. M. C. Lecturer in diseases of the eye. Maj. Ward S. Wells, M. C, Lecturer in diseases of circulatory sys- Maj. Thomas D. Woodson. M. C, Lecturer in mental diseases. Capt. James W. Duckworth, M. C. Lecturer in surgery. ra])t. Kenneth G. Kincaid. M. A. C. Lecturer in applied chemistry. Cain. Kdward J. Strickler, M. C. Lecturer in elements of p.sycliology. e ' apt. Elmer S. Tenney, M. C, Lecturer in bacteriology. (? Capt. Leonard W. Weaver, M. C, Lecturer in skin and venereal diseases. First Lieut. Margaret E. Thompson, A. N. C, Instructor in ethics and hospital house- keeping. First Lieut. Ruth L Taylor, A. N. C, Instructor in nursing principles and methods. .Second Lieut. Frances D. Troutman. A. N. C., Instructor in operating-room technique. Miss Evaline M. Kerr, head dietitian. Instructor in nutrition. Miss Perle Dubois, Supervisor of occupational therapy. 1 1 0 0 1923 t 17) aen. 1 MAJOR WALTER REED, M. D. 1923 I IH 1 Aan iHajor Salter Eeeli, JSI. ®. irihii nature has ' worh to be dour site ereiifes a (leiiitis to do it. " — Emekson. ALTER REED was liorn in Gloucester County, Virginia, September 13, 1851. His parents were descendants of our English Colonial pioneers iM fc and he inherited from them the perseverance, self-control, and force of character which marks so significantly those early struggles in the Colonies, When the boy was six years old he began his education at a private school in Farmville, Prince Edward County. His keen desire for knowledge was manifested in his untiring efforts and his rapid advancement. At the age of 16, Walter Reed entered the University of Virginia and two years later, in 1867, was graduated, receiving his degree of Doctor of Medicine. A few months after graduation he matriculated as a medical student at the Bellevue Hospital Medical College, receiving his M. D. a year later. The next few vears were spent by the young doctor in various New York hospitals and as a district physician to one of the poorest districts in the city. The work afforded him a varied field of experience hut permitted little time for studv and so, after serious reflection. Dr. Reed decided to give up his civilian life and applied for entrance into the Medical Corps of the Army. In 1875 he l)rilliantly passed his entrance examination, received his com- mission of First Lieutenant, and his appointment at Willets Point. New York Harbor. The following year he was transferred to Camp Lowell, Arizona, but before he left was married to Miss Emilie Lawrence, of Murfreesboro. North Carolina, who shared with him the hardships of that western frontier life. There followed for the Reed family eighteen years of garrison life, including fifteen changes of station — years of training in constant daily, unselfish de- votion to the needs of others, often amid most uncongenial surroundings — a iDroad training which prepared Lieutenant Reed quite unconsciously for the great work in store for him. While stationed in Baltimore, in 1881, Captahi Reed, he had recently been promoted, pursued his studies at Johns Hopkins Universitv. His work there included courses in pathology, bacteriology, and research work, as well as general medicine and surgery. In 1893, when ordered to duty in the Surgeon General ' s Office, he was promoted to the rank of Major and appointed Curator of the Army Medical Museum and Professor of Bac- teriology and Clinical Microscopy in the United States Army Medical School. Major Reed ' s years of service in Washington, which were notable because of contributions to the scientific world, not only in the capacity of an instructor but also as a pioneer in new fields of research work, finally culminated; in that momentous expedition to Cuba in 1900, Yellow fever had broken out L X923 [ 19 I = Ban among the .Vmerican troops stationed at Havana. The mortality rate was extremely high, as no available means of controlling the disease was at that time known. A committee headed by Major Walter Reed, whose assistants were Dr. James Carol. Dr. Jesse W. Lazear, and Dr. jVristides .Agramonte. was sent to Havana to investigate the condition there. The record of that investi- gation is a story of unflinching duty, of self-sacrifice and self-efifacement, a story of men who unhesitatingly volunteered to offer themselves as subjects for tests whose outcome might be and sometimes were fatal. The unfaltering work of these men and their wonderful, inspiring lovalty to their cause made the commission successful. After carefully observing a great many cases and aided by bacterial and niicroscojMcal study. Dr. Reed discovered that the mosquito C. fasciatus serves as the intermediate host for the parasite of yellow fever. Thus by protecting ])atients from the carriers and eradication of the mosquitoes, a definite method of control was made possible, although the specific organism which causes yellow fever was unknown. E. ])eriments were conducted to discover the exact length of time necessar - for incubation. It was at this time that Dr. Lazaer was bitten by one of the dread carriers. He developed yellow fever in its most virulent form and died a few days later. The hardshijis and sac- rifices of that little band of workers in Cuba brought direct results. Not a single case of yellow fever occurred in Havana and as far as is known in Cuba in 1002. The world was thus freed of a dread disease. Upon his return to ' ashington, Alajor Keed resumed his work at the .■ rmy IMedical School and as Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology in Co!uml)ian University. In 1902 Harvard University bestowed upon him the honorary degree of M. A., and shortly after the degreed of LL. D. was con- ferred on him by the University of Alichigan. At the zenith of his career, with great work done but such far-reaching possibilities before him. the great man w as obliged to leave the field to other daring searchers. At the Army Hospital P.arracks. on November 22, 1902, Major Reed was operated u])on for appendicitis. Due to his weakened con- dition and lowered vitality, he was unable to cope with the complications that followed and he died the sixth day after the operation. He rests with the world ' s heroes at Arlington. On a knoll overlooking the City of ' ashington stands the beautiful marble monument which his wife and two children have erected to his memory. Dr. Reed was a skilled surgeon : he was a world-famed bacteriologist ; but the lesson of his life is : " that the secret of happiness and usefulness lies rather in giving what we can to life than in getting what we can from it. " 1923 [21 1 !• p).Q.a l i toxv of Walttt i eeb (General o pital lALTEK REED tiEXERAL liOSITlAE is maintained for tlu- care of the sick and woimded in the Army, as well as those discharged or disal)led during the war. The late Major ' alter Reed, of the Army Medical Corps, a famous surg-eon, sanitarian, and bacteriologist, whose investi- gations and researches in typhoid fever, cholera, and yellow fever are especially noteworthy, is the man in honor this institution was named. The history of the Walter Reed General }Tos])ital is one of rapid development. l " he hospital is situated in Takoma Park on a tract of land comjjrising 109 acres. The ground on which the hospital stands has a militarv history of its own. It is on the site of the of Fort Stevens, which was the engagement between the Union forces under General McCook and the Con- federate troops led hy General Earlv. As early as 1862, it had been recommended l)y the Surgeon General that a permanent hospital be established in Washington in connection with the Army Medical School, but it was not until 1905 that Congress authorized the purchase of the land which was designated as the site of the new militarv hospital to be given the name of Walter Reed General Hospital. The Admin- istration Building was com])leted in 190S. As the Hosjtital expanded, additional buildings were erected and at the ])resent time, besides the numerous temporary buildings, there are eight permanent buildings, the prevailing type of architecture being Maryland Colonial. - 1923 22 ] pi.€ a The Hospital was formally opened on April 14, 190S), there being on duty at that time five officers, sixty-two enlisted men. and three civilian employees. The patients in the hos])ital at the end of May included five officers, eleven enlisted men, and one civilian. On June 21, 1911, one chief nurse and three nurses joined the personnel, a fifth nurse arriving three days later. The enormous expansion which became necessary may be better understood when we learn that the bed ca])acity increased from 930 beds at the end of 1917 to 2,500 beds at the end of 1918. Though the construction of temporary build- ings had been begun in 1917. additional land was acquired a year later and more temporarv buildings were constructed to meet this need. The first real contingent of overseas wounded arrived in July. 1918, and thereafter until the end of the year averaged about 300 monthly. . t the close of the year there were 865 orthopedic cases, 620 being amjjutations. With the increase in the numbers of patients followed a Cdrresjionding increase in the personnel and all the hospital facilities. All indications that the hospital is building for the future, when it will undoubtedly be the Army medical center of Eastern United States, is manifested by the complete and thorough equipment of its various dei)artments. The Laboratory, X-Kay De- partment. Hydro and Electro Therapy De])artments. ( )ccu])ational Therapy 1923 [23] a©.n. Department, the E. N. T., Eve and Dental Clinics are all supplied with the most approved and modern ajiparatus and appliances. The Army ] Iedical School Building- is now in the course of erection. Plans are also made for a building to contain the Surgeon General ' s Library, the largest collection of medical literature in the world, and the Army Medical Museum. In addition to the htispital. the training activities conducted at Walter Reed include the Army Medical School, the Army Dental School, and the Armv School of Nursing ; also training courses in dietetics, physio-therapy, and laboratory technique. Thus liesides being the largest military hospital in the country, it is an important training- center for the personnel of the vari- ous branches of the Medical Department of the Ami}-. When all the plans for its future exj ansion are realized, it is ])robable that the name of the hospital will be changed to the Walter Reed Medical Center, the hospital proper com- prising one deiJartment and the various training activities another. Walter Reed is a hospital, and it is a paradise of natural beauty — gardens Ijetween the wards, gardens everywhere, and trees and shrubbery and lawns. This beautiful hospital, which has restored to health and usefulness so many men from across the seas, is a glorious memorial to the brave American surgeon who gave his life to rid the world of a great scourge. I IJRGEOM ■l N: rAL IJ, [. A 1 !r(ucj !9:a I 1923 [2, ' ; ] t aan T 1918; ' i IN MLMORY , OF THt S OFFICERS NURSES AND enListed m: UNITED STlAiTES ARMY WHO LOST, tHE ' lR LIVES I- DURING THE ■; WORLD R i THIS TABLET IS ERLCTEDf ! 1923 I 26 ] Pi.€ n. isitorp of (Occupational i tvapy IXCE the vear of 17 ' ' 1 there has lieeii mention of occupational therajiy hv various doctors, thou{,4i the ])ractice of supplementing medical treat- ment with curative and diversional occupations was not known hv that name until December 28, 1914, when Edward Barton, at a conference of hos- pital workers called by the Massachusetts State Board of Insanity at Boston, used that term. From a slow, strugjjling existence, occupational therapy was suddenly swept into the current of necessity which the war had created and. to meet the emergency, schools of occupational thera])y were estaljlished where short courses of intensive training were given to ycmng women, most of whom had alreadv had experience in teaching, design, craft work, library work, com- mercial and academic work, etc. The first reconstruction aides in occupational therai)y were apV)ointed by the War Department early in 1918. Three enthusiastic, determined women, Mrs. Helen T. Smith and the Misses Julia and Alice Brice. began the work at Walter Reed General Hosi)ital in Wards A and B. now 18 and 19. They faced many obstacles and discour- agements. Thev made the diet kitchen of Ward 18 their headquarters, cloak room, office, and supply room. They soon discovered that the refrigerator on the porch made an excellent storeroom for their reed and raffia, until one day it was discovered by the inspector. This was the first of a long .series of adjustments to unfamiliar regulations, but they cheerfully continued to do their work and to learn the ways of the Army. At the end of the first month there were thirty ])atients working. They made ba.skets with odds and ends of reed and bead chains from bits of bead trimmings sent in by ' ashington ladies. Each day at 12 o ' clock the nurses came for instruction in basketry and mop-making, at that time considered a suitable and worth-while occupation. April 23. 1918. a Director of Occupaticjnal Therapy was a])])ointed. ' ith this added dignity, the department was moved into the old Lay Mansion, a two-storv. weather-stained building which stood on the ground back of the nurses ' mess hall where the two tennis courts now are. The Supervi.sor ' s office, the su] i)lies for the craft work, the weaving shop, and the academic and commercial dejiartments occupied the rooms upstairs, while the ortho- pedic shoji and other offices occupied the lower floor. The woodworking, drafting, and jewelrv were crowded into tem])orary quarters in the power house. During September and October of 1918. the number of aides rapidly in- creased. Talented women left important ixisitions and professions to lend their services to occupational thera])y. In November. 1918. the de])artment was moved to the new building in 1923 [27 J !• aen the ninety section which had just been comjileted, and where the department now continnes its work. That was an important epoch in the histor} ' of occupational therapy at Waher Reed General Hospital. At last there was an opportunit ' to develoj) new ideas and to fornnilate better plans to broaden the scope of the work. Many aides were apjjointed and sent to this hospital for a short course of work prei)aratory to ajipointment for overseas service, as well as for work in the many Army hosj)itals then bein established in this country. With this in mind, a series f)f lectures and demonstrations were arranged and given. There were lectures on jisychologfy, 7 rmy discipline, and customs oi the service, and the importance of coo])eration with doctors and nurses. There were denifjiistrations of yari(nis crafts that could he done with very little equipment or extra planning ; there were others analyzing the various move- ments of joints and muscles as they were brought into play in using different tools, devices, and machinery. This was the outgrowth of tests made in metrotherapy, a subject dealing with the measurement of im])rovement in the range of movement in joints and strength of muscle as applied to ortho- pedic cases, and many j)atients of this type were assigned to definite shop work in order to develop and strengthen the injured members. Aides were continually coming and going: some were sent overseas; others were sent to the Army hospitals in this country. With the signing of the armistice more definite plans were made and conditions became more settled in the spring of 1919. • Occupational Therapy, Walter Reed General Hospital 1923 L2!l J Nurses ' Quarters Number One, Walter Reed General Hospital ft6.a ] Ianv classes were oro anized, iiickidinp work in various academic and commercial sulijects. instruction for civil service, the use of office ajipliances of various tvpes, printing, photography and motion-picture work, art work, drafting, weaving, electrical work, wood work, jewelry and metal work, oxy- acetvlene welding, auto mechanics and machine-sho]) work, vulcanizing, and various tvjies of work in agriculture, including greenhouse, dairy, and poultry work. As the department grew and new work was estahlished, reorganization and new systematizing was necessary. ISesides furnishing diversion to occujiy a patient ' s mind and thus hasten his recovery by keei)ing him in a contented attitude, and being a thera])eutic measure for those assigned to a definite cura- tive work, the shops and classrooms furnished a large exploratory field to prepare patients for vocational training after their discharge from the hospital. For others it has sui)plied an avocation that they are carrying into their homes. For still others it has been the means of developing an a])preciation for better quality in many of the little things that contribute to their environ- ment. In the spring of 1921 " The Coiue-Back. " an official Army ])ublication, was discontinued as such, but the name was allowed to be ap])lied to the little ])a])er since then ])ublished by this 1ios]iital under the direction of the occupa- tional therapy dejiartment. Mien the need for aides was at its height a one-year course in occu])a- tional thera])y was established, but as the war emergency passed and other schools supplied the demand, this was discontinued. .Also, shftrt courses in the work have been arranged and given to the student nurses of this hos])ital. For the interest and education of the public, and the disposal of extra Ijroducts made 1iy the patients, an exhibition and salesroom was established in Building 95. where visitors ma - see or ])urchase the work of the patients. In the summer of 1919 the Aides ' Club came into being. A large remod- eled farmhouse, located a cou])le of blocks away from the hos])ital grounds, was secured for headquarters. This, with the aid of si.xteen Armv tents and one mess tent, furnished living acconmutdations and manv unforgetable ex])e- riences to the aides. During the war emergency the Medical .Social Service I)e] artment of the . rmy had a large personnel and functioned most coojjeratively as an inde- ])endent organization. Later, however, they were reduced in numbers, their work l)eing largely comjileted or absorbed by other organizations. The re- maining personnel are now a ])art of the occupational thera])y department, though they still conduct a sort of clearing house for the social need of the patients as discovered not only by themselves, but by other occupational therajiy aides, all of whom do some social service work ; also by ward sur- geons,, other agencies, and individuals. They are especiallv active in disseminating information regarding the school and shops. T - 1923 - I 31 1 i w I- R.Q.a The school cares for all the ])atients desirinij- academic or coniniercial work. Instructors are sent to the individual i)atients confined in bed or wards until they are able to jjo to the classrooms or shoi s. where they may avail themselves of complete courses nUnig academic or commercial lines. From time to time, as they lit in with other work, educational trips to the Capitol, Library of Consjress, liureau of I ' rintinef and Ivngraving. and other iniblic buildings are planned for the jiatients. Craft work, which has always been one of the most po]udar forms of occupational thera])y. both for its stimulating interest and therapeutic value, is provided for the patients in the wards, while the shops offer work in various arts, crafts, and technical subjects. To tit the urgent needs of the department many of the shojjs have been moved, remodeled, or enlarged. Cooperation for social affairs and ])ageantry in connection with lulv the Fourth celebrations. C " hristmas activities, etc., has alwavs received s])ecial atten- tion from the entire dejiartment. F ' rom time to time instructive lectures b doctors and other per.sonnel of the as well as experts in various crafts and suiijects of interest have fur- nished in.spiration for the high standard of work maiiuained hv the department. Occupational Therapy, Walter Reed General Hospital 1923 t33 J I " aaa •• Jlisitorp of 3 i)PS!io nTfterapp at l altcr Eeeb General J|ospital HE Phvsio Therapy Department as we kimw it to-day at ' alter Reed General Hospital was one of the early dei)annients of the institution. Previous to the arri al of i)hysio therapy aides, corpsnien. especially trained, administered treatments in hydro :uk1 electro therajiv in two rooms in the hasement of the Administration P.uildinj;. In Fehriiary, 1918, when the first aides re] o rted for duty. ])hysio thcrai)y activities were transferred to Wards 18 and ] ' , where the first patients were treated. As the number of overseas ])atients increased, the scene of i)hysio therapy action was shifted to the building on (Georgia Avenue, now nccuijied by the physio therapy aides. Here the sun parlor served as a treatment room for massag e, the ward kitchen as an (jffice, and the linen room was conA-erted inln a hydro ronni. In a few months the department was moved again, this time to ' ard 5f). where the whole ward was given over to treatments in massage, the electro and hydro therapy de- partments still being located in the Administration lUiilding. It was not until April. P ' P . that all the branches were consolidated in the elaborate new phvsio therapy home, known to all " Walter Reedites " as Ward 76. The department consists of a hirge room, containing thirty i)linths for treatments in massage and eleclnj therajiy, two rooms for cabinet baths and tonic hvdro treatments, a well equipped gymnasium, and several private treat- ment rooms. Plere the real work of e. iiansion began. The latest hydro and electro ajijiaratus was installed. The number of trained aides increased very rajjidlv, until todav the physio therapy department at Walter Reed is one of the largest and best e(juipped in the whole country. ' e can not pass by these early days without an expression of appreciation for the ])ioneers in this work — Sliss larguerite Sanderson. Miss Mary McMil- lan, and Major l- ank 1!. Granger. Their faith in the value of physio therapy and their determination to establish and maintain high .standards helped lay the foundations of a department then very nuich of an adventure in Army hospitals, but which has long since ])roved its value as an adjunct in the treatment of patients. In July, 1919, the swinuning ])ool, a gift from Walter Reed ' s fairy god- mother. Airs. Henrv Rea. was dedicated. Its popularity brought many people to Ward 76. though the administration of the pool was under the direction of the recreational officer. It was not until late in 1921 that the management of the pool was transferred to the ]ihysio therajyv department. 1923 1 34 ] l-aaa Ph -sio therapy, being an innovation in Army hospitals, met with a great (leal of opposition. Its progress was slow. It was not mitil 1920. under the direction of Major James P . ] Iontgomery, that the dejiartment was ])lac ' ed on a safe and sound working basis. Since that time there has Ijeen an in- creasing confidence in the value of physio therapy, and consequently the co- o])eration of the other services has grown jiroportionatelv. In October, 1922. due to a lack of trained aides to fill the vacancies in Arnn- hosjiitals. the .Surgeon General authorized a course in phvsio therapy to be given at Walter Reed. This hospital was chosen as the training center because of its unusual facilities. In conjunction with the . rmv School of Nursing, an intensive course of four months was given to this class, consisting of fourteen graduates of jihysical educational schools. Of these, eleven re- ceived certificates of jiroficiency. ten of whom accepted a]ipointments as iihysio therajjy aides in Army hos])itals. i T 1923 [ 3. . I aon Durinp the war the Red Cross assumed the task of safeguarding- the welfare and the homes of our fighting men and aided in maintaining the morale of the forces in the held. Thev took upon themselves the responsibility of assisting ex-service men to become reestablished or made self-sup])Drting through the i)roper use of governmental ])rovisions. The activities at Walter Reed General Hospital are directed by a field director and her assistants, aided by the devoted and untiring " Grey Ladies. " Their work includes home service, entertainment, ward visiting, and distribution of suj)plies. They aim to keep the morale of the men to the highest possible standard. . t Walter Reed General Hospital there is a large Red Cross convalescent home where in winter time moving ])ictures are shown four times a week. There are musicales on Sunday afternoon in which local, as well as artists of national and international fame take iiart and where the music given is of the verv highest character. Every two weeks there is a dance, and twice a month there is a social evening at home at which games are arranged with ])rizes and refreshments. Although the hospital is of easy access to the city, whenever an entertainment is staged at the Red Cross House the attendance is alwavs verv large, and at the weekly ])erfonTiance of vaudeville, which is given bv the performers of the Keith Circuit, the house is filled to capacity. For the wards where there are great numbers of bed jiatients entertainment is likewise jirovided for those men who are unable to take part in the festivi- ties at the Red Cross House. Aside from the entertainment mentioned, outdoor athletic sports are arranged. To enumerate the entertainments arranged in the city by local organizations or i rovided In- local theaters would he almost impossible in this lirief narrative. The activities of the American Red Cross are not only confined to the patient body of the hospital, but at all times a ready hand and a hearty welcome is extended to the entire personnel of the hos])ital. t3 -1923 [ 3fi ] aen ' J ' he work of the Knig-hts of Columlsus at Walter Reed General Hospital had its inception with the ceremonies of the dedication of the local hut by His Eminence, the late Cardinal Gilibons, on November 24, 1918. During the period that followed and down to the i)resent day the activi- ties of the Knig-hts of Columbus have been many and varied, and anything and everything that would contribute to the greater comfort of the veterans of the World War and the ])ersonnel who administer unto them has been con- sidered within the scope of the task undertaken by that organization when officiallv designated for welfare work among our troops at home and overseas. The Knights of Columbus will continue to function at Walter Reed General Hospital until their full duty to the sick and wounded veterans of the World War has been discharged in accordance with the contract they assumed in the earh ' davs of the war. Electric Score Board, World Series 1923 [37] I " a©.a ' I ' he Pcist Library is maintained fur the use of the entire personnel of the ixjst. The lil)rar - is one of the regulation temporary buildings and was at one time a ward. It is centrally located and is a cheerful and comfortable place in which to read or write letters. There are over 10.000 volumes on its shelves, rejjresentative newsiiapers from all sections of the United .States, an l the best magazines are always to lie found in the reading room. The service to the patients in bed is the essential difiference from that ren- dered by a public library to its jiatrons. At least once a week every bed- patient is visited by a librarian with a book-cart containing fifty books and as many magazines from which to make a selection. If there is nothing on the l)ook-cart that appeals to the jiatient a note is made of his preferences, which are later sent to him. The library is open from 9 a. m. to 9 p.m. daily. .Sunday included. It is under the jurisdiction of the Surgeon Generar.s office and is supjiorted largely from local funds. J- The . M. C. A. was one of the welfare organizations earlv on the post, occupying during the summer of 1917 part of the basement of the Alain Build- ing and later a room in the Red Cross House, the present " Y " building being dedicated on Christmas Eve, 1918. Since that date the " Y " program has included dances, movie shows, picnics, lectures, vaudeville entertainments, religious meetings, sightseeing tri]«, and all kinds of athletics, with tennis and basketball propably the outstanding. While ward work was relinquished in December. 1919, the building continued to attract many patients, detachment men, nurses, and aides, there being a well- stocked librarw game room. ]iool tables, social room, writing room, and gvm- nasium — trulv a place where visitors may spend their leisure hours profitalily. 1023 I 3. ' w Aan, 1 -ff MAJOR JONATHAN LETTERMAN, M. D. Medical Director, Army of the Potomac 1 1923 L 3fl 1 I-Aoa jUajor Jonathan letterman, Jil. B. )X ' J " }1AX I I " l " rj " ,kMA. " was born in Canon.shurg. Pennsylvania, on l)eceinl)er 11, 1824. His father, an eminent surjjeon and physician in tlic western part of that State, larefuily educatefl his son for his own _)rotession. tlis studies were directed hy a private tutor until he entered Jefferson Collef.;e in his native county in 1( 42, from which he was i raduated three years later. Letternian continued his medical studies at Jefferson Medical C ' oliefj-e, Philadel])hia, graduatinj from tliat institution in March. 1849, In the same -ear he successfully ])assed the examination g-iven hy the Armv Medical I ' .oard ill New N ' ork City and was a])])ointe(l an Assistant .Surgeon in the Army. Tiie youn Surjjfeon ' s first .service was in i- ' lorida in the campaigns against tlie Seminole Indians. When stationed at h ' ort Rijiley. Minnesota, he marched with tr(i()])s lo New .Mexico and continued there on frontier dut for four ears. In IS. ' ' he was on dnt at Fort .Monroe. ' irginia : 1860 found him in California, where he was engaged in an ex])editioii against the Pah Cte Indians; in .Vovemher. 1861. he acconi])anied troops from California to Xew " ork Citv. In June. 186J, Cai tain l.etterman was a])])ointed .Medical Director of the . rmv ot the Potomac, witii instructions to proceed to Harrison ' s Landing, where the troojjs weie then stationed, ' i ' o his care had liecn connnitted the health, the comfort, and the lives of thousands of soldiers, " ith a sincere delennin.-ition ti faith full v lischarge his duty. l.etterman first directed his attention tn the removal from the Peninsula of the great number of sick, wounded, and liroken- iowii men; secondK , he strove to institute sanitar - measures for im])roving and i)reserving the health of the troo|)s, and lastlv to i)rovi(le sufficient medical su])plies that the work might be well done. ' I ' he great need of an ambulance corps had long Iteen felt, and Dr. Letterman drew U]) the plans which organized an efficient and ra|)id means of transjxirting wounderl soldiers. The details of the organization were jierfected and em- bodied in the act passed by Congress in 1864. .Medical sui)])lies for use in the care of the wounded were woefully insufficient. P. - careful selection the amount of su])])lies was reduced and ade(|uate means of trans]iorting them made availalile. In 186J Dr. l.etterman published an important circular estab- lishing field hospitals and jirovidinjj for all the details necessarv for the l)rom])t and efficient care of the wounded. The . mbulance Coqis. the method of supply, and the I ' ield Hosjiital system were carefully designed to work as a whole and the success of the organization was demonstrated b - the excel- 1923 MO] I- PyQ.n. lent care which was g;iven to the wounded in the hattle that followed. Amid the labors required to accomplish these results he did not lose sight of the imj)ortance of proper record keeping, and his reports were clear and compre- hensive, kept with a degree of accuracy ' and care which could have been secured only in a well organized and thoroughly disci])lined Medical I)e])artment. In October, 1863, Dr. Letterman was married to Miss Mar - Lee, of Maryland. A few months later he recjuested the War l)e])artnient to release him from his duties. It seems he must have felt that other hands could now be trusted with the guidance of the instrument which he had so laboriouslv designed and perfected. In 1864, on being relieved from Armv dutv. Dr. Letterman accepted a position as su])erintendent of a commercial com])an - in Southern California, and while thus engaged ])ub]ished his work entitled " Medical Recollections of the .Army of the Potomac. " It is filled with ])rac- tical observations and is a valuable contribution to the science and art of military administration. While serving as coroner of the citv and countv of San Francisco in 1867. a great affliction fell ujjon him in the sudden death of his devoted wife. After finishing his duties as a public official Dr. Letter- man retired to private life, and though the years that followed were bus ' and filled with marked succe ss, he never recovered from the sorrow caused bv his wife ' s death. His health was alrea I seriously impaired bv chronic disease of the intestines, and after a serious illness of a few weeks he died on March 5. 1872. lie is buried at Lone Mountain Cemeterv. near .San Francisco. " Dr. Letterman ' s character was fif such simplicity that no extended ])hrases are required to do it honor. His directness of speech and manner expressed the frankness and sincerity of his nature. A true friend to all who gained his confidence, he was unswerving in his devotion to the right, and it niav be truly said that he was an honest man in thought and deed. To him is justly due the praise of originating a swsteni of medical administration which alleviated the suffering and ])reserved the lives of thousands of his country- men, added to the vigor and effective fighting strength of the i rinci])al Armv of the Republic, and materia!l - aided in ])erfecting and maintaining its dis- ci])line. " For having done these things, he has a just claim to the grateful remem- brance of his ])rofessional brethren, of his militarv associates, and of his ccuuUrvmen. " - 1923 I -ii 1 !• R.Q.a )t iletterman (General J|osipital v. Lx ' ttennan (ieneral Hosjiita!. beautifully located only a short distance from the city of San Francisco, was organized and founded in 1898 and then known as the L ' nited States Army General Hos])ital. Presidio of San Francisco. The need of a hospital had arisen when the Eij jhth Armv Corps assembled at this western cit} ' for orufanization. .Service for the troops was ])erfornied under canvas at Cam]) Merritt. Inil the climate provingf unfa- vorable for this method of accommodation, the new barracks at Presidio were assigned for the purjiose ])endinsj the suitable construction of a hos])ital. The location selected seemed most desirable because of its jjroxiniitv to the citv and hos])ital care coidd easilv be afforded to troops ijoinq; or comins; from the Phili])])ines and Hawaii, . nother feature considered was the bracint;- and invii oratinsj climate, which is never ver - hot and never verv cold, and is therefore particularly line for a general hospital. Tt ha.s since been demon- strated that ])atients retiu ' iiing from the tropics recuperate there verv rajiidly — vitality is restored probably much sooner than in anv other section of this country. The new li(is])ital accommod.-ited only , 80 ])atients and in I ' XJl it was found necessary to use six of the wooden barracks as wards. On Jime 10 of the same year the northeastern |)art of the hos])ital was destroved hv fire. It required much work and time to repair the damaged prfi]-)ertv. but nevertheless improvements were continued — a chapel and librarv being built (luring that year. In the years that followed fewer patients were admitted to the hospital, due to a decrease in the number of troo])s in the Phili]i]5ines. but the work -1923 ( 42! 1- A.e.n, in the various departments was expanded and perfected. By an order of the War Department on November 23, 1911. the old name of the hospital was changed to the Letterman General Hospital, in honor of Jonathan Letterman, Medical Director, Army of the Potomac. The hospital, at that time the largest Army hospital of the United States, was used as a base hosj ital for the Philippines and Hawaii, post hospital for the Presidio, San Francisco, Fort Winfield Scott and several smaller posts in the harbor of San Francisco, and a general hosjjital for the western part of the country. When the casualty cases of the World War jKnired into Letterman during the years 1919-1920, the hospital was ready to assume the great task of ad- ministering the best of care to these woimded soldiers. In addition to attending to the surgical and medical needs of the men, reconstruction work was instituted, educational activities were develo])ed, and facilities for recreation were im- proved. Every feasible opportunity for rehabilitation was placed within the grasp of these patients that they might be able to return to civilian life ready to meet its trying demands. . t the present time the Letterman General Hos- pital consists of an Administration Building, operating room, laboratory, twenty- two i ermanent wards and many temporary field wards for emergencies, the class room for the Nurses ' Training School, and the Nurses ' Quarters. The capacitv as fixed by the Surgeon General is 750 beds. The Letterman General Hosi)ital occupies as ] retty a spot as the mind can ])irture. On every side rise the time-scarred Sierra Nevadas and it overlooks the beautiful San Francisco Ba . .Vmidst such golden tranquillity and serene grandeur, liroken bodies are healed, weary souls are strengthened, and the l)atients leaving, carry with them a remembrance of kindness. hel]ifulness. and l)eaul — an msjJiration to " carry on ' ' once more. Letterman General Hospital, San Francisco, California - 1923 - [43 ] fton r 1923 Miss Ida Bjorkquist, Inin Ki ' er, Mich. Miss Edna Daulton, Mclvina. Wis. Miss Ruth Freshour Kiiifist ' iii. Ohio. Miss Anna Gudelsky, rullcrtnn, Md. Miss Elizabeth Joubert, Kmimclaw. Miss Gertrude Marshe, Pr.iffitt. a. Miss Margaret MacBryde, Wa.shingtoii, I). (. ' . Miss Katherine McCurdy, Fcirt W ' ayiU ' , Iiul. Miss Juanita McElroy, ' K-rniantciwii. Pa. Miss Margaret Meredith, Stauntim, a. Miss Marguerite Miller, t ' diiiKTSvillc. liid. Miss Villa Mohler, SpokaiK ' , Wash. Miss Martha Patton, Si. ' wicklf . Pa. Miss Edna Ritenour, Fairfa.v. a. Miss Beulah Weidman, . ' trattiin. XL ' l)r. 1923 [44 ] ft6.n. 1923 [45] |. ft©.n. EDNA DAULTON -i Mei.vina WlslOXSIX Aftiliatioiis : Obstetrics — .W ' W York Lv iim lii. New ork. X. (iviK ' Cii]( gv — . f N iik l-xiiig In, New ' York, N. Y. Pudiatrii ' s — I ' hikidflpliia CjciktuI Hosjii- tal. I ' hilaik-lpliia, i ' a. I ' ublic Health— Henry Street Settk-ment. New York, N. ' . Psvchiatrv — St. Klizalietlis, W ' asliinglon. I), C. Military Statimis: Walter Reed Hosiiital, Washington, D. T. " .Ill iircal tluuiis (irtiic iinisrlrxsly. " P . y IDA BJORKQUIST luox Kl KI MlCHIG. N Affiliations : Obstetrics — Philadelphia (General Hos- pital, Philadelphia, Pa. (iynecolo}!y — Philadelphia Cleneral Hos- pital, Philadelphia, Pa. Ped.atrics — Pliiladelphia General Hospital, I ' hiladelphia, Pa. Public Health— Henry Street Settlement. New ork. N. ■. Psvchiatrv — St. Elizabeth ' s. Washington. ] ' ). C. Military Stations: alter Keed Jlospital, Washington, D. C, " Tlii-rc is no hdpf iiicss in havinii nr iii-ltin; . hill i nl in ( i: ' inti. " 1923 [46] I. pi.Q.n. ■f f- ' RUTH FRESHOUR Omu KlXGSTOX Aftiliations : Obstetrics — Philadelphia General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa, Gynecology — Philadelphia General Hos- pital. I ' hiladelphia. Pa, Pediatrics — Philadelphia General Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. I ' uhlic Health— Henry Street Settlement, New York, X. V. Psvchiatr - — St. Elizabeth ' s. ashini ton. i). C, Military Stations : Walter Reed Hospital. Washini;ton, D. C. Cam]) .Sherman, Ohio. " There is ii certain siinpiirity tluif iiiiil ' cs rverynne her friend. I ' lit it is emnbined •willi (I sul ' lle attribute of rcser ' e. " ANNA GUDELSKY FfLl.KUTON- M. RVL.VM Affiliations : Obstetrics — Philadelphia General Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. Gynecology — Philadelphia General Hos- pital, Philadelphia. Pa. Pediatrics — Philadelphia General Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. Public Health.— Henry Street Settlement. New York, N. Y. Psvchiatrv — St. Elizabeth ' s, Washinutun, U, C. Military Stations : Walter Reed Hos])ital. ' ashington. D. G. " She lias a laudable afjeetion for conz ' ersii- tion. " 1923 I IT ] Aon ELIZABETH JOUBERT IvMMi I.A Washington Artiliations : Obstetrics — Pliila(k-li)hia (lencral Hospital. I ' liiladelphia, Pa. (jvnccology — Philadel|)h;a General Hos- pital. I ' hiladolpliia. Pa. Pediatrics — Phdadcl])hia General Hosjiital. Philadelphia, Pa. Public Health— Henrv Street Settlement, . e v York, N. V. l ' svchiatr - — St. Elizabeth ' s, Washinffton, b. C. Military Stations : Walter Reed Hosiiital. W ' asliing-ton. U. C. " ' I ' lull iih-iiii-: inilhiiiii III inc. " MARGARET MacBRYDE W- sHiNGTox District ok Coi.i ' . iiii. Affiliations : Obstetrics — Philadelphia General Hosjiital, Philadelphia, Pa. (jynecology — Philadelphia (ieneral Hos- pital, Philadelphia, Pa. Pediatrics — Philadel))hia (jeneral Hospital, Philadelphia. Pa, Public Health— Henrv Street Settlement, New York, N. Y. Psvchiatrv — St. Elizabeth ' s. ' ashinf ton. b. C. Military Stations : Walter Reed Hospital. Washin,aton. D. C. " Slic is liuili-ii ' .iiuicd and librriil. " 1923 [ 48 ] aan GERTRUDE MARSHE PWIKKIT ViRC.IXIA Affiliations : Obstetrics- -Philadelphia General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. ( ynecology — Philadelphia General Hos- pital, Philadelphia. Pa. Pediatrics — Philadelphia General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. Public Health — Henry .Street Settlement. New York, N. V. Psvchiatrv — St. Elizabetli ' s. Washington. D. C. .Militarx- Stations: Walter Reed Hosiiital. Washington. D. C. " Slw has a iniisutil, rcinihir and haniiomons tiisf asitioii. " J ■y a.- ' - KATHERINE McCURDY FOKT W.AV.NE I, -I11AN. Affiliations : Obstetrics— Philadelphia General Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. Gynecology — Bellcvue, New York. N. V I ' ediatrics — Bellevne. New York. N. Y. Military Stations : Camp Custer, Mich. Camp Sherman. Ohio. Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. " Bri-r::y, imlcpctidciU. and luiili-apiritrd. Katlu ' iinc is iioii ' a I ' lihlii llcaltli nurse in Illinois. " 1923 [ 49] !• p).e n. JUANITA McELROYj Gkrman ' towx Pennsylvania Affiliations : Obstetrics — Philadelphia General Hospital. I ' hiladelphia, Pa. (iynecology — Philadelphia General Hos- l)ital. Philadelphia. Pa. Pediatrics — Philadelphia General Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. Public Health— Henry Street Settlement. i ' ew mV. N. Y. Psvcliiatrv — St. IClizabeth ' s. Washington. b. C. Military Stations : Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. " Her lii ltts of iimij ination urr just enough to ( k ' c us for oiw instant an additional peep of tlwt smile which beams, and plays, and t-cinhles and hovers over her ivholc eharueter. " MARGARET MEREDITH Hoi ' KWKU. ' lI«:lMA Affiliations : Ob.stetrics — Philadelptiia C.eneral Hospital. I ' hiladclpliia. i ' a. Gynecology — Philadelphia (ieneral Hos- pital. I ' liiladclphia. Pa. Pediatrics — Philadelphia General Hos|)ital. Philadelphia. I ' a. I ' ublic Health— Henry Street Settlement. New York, N. . Psychiatry — St. I ' ' .lizabeth ' s. Washington. b. c. Military Stations : Walter Reed Hospital, Washington. D. (, " . " She is philosofliieal but for tlie uiost pari keeps her thoui lits la herself. " 1923 .10 1 f " B.©.n pA ' I- i ' ' VILLA MOHLER Si ' OKAKE Wash i ncton Affiliations ; Obstetrics — Philadelphia GuntTal Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. Gynecology — Philadelphia General Hos- pital, Philadelphia. Pa. Pediatrics — Philadelphia (ieiieral Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. Public Health Henrv Street Settlement. New York. N. Y. Psychiatry — St. Elizabeth ' s. Washington. D. C. Military Stations: Walter Reed Hospital. Washinffton. D. C. " The East has her adtniralioii, Iml the ll ' r. i her I.ovc. " MARGUERITE MILLER CONNEKSVII.LE INDIANA Affiliations : Obstetrics — Philadelphia General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. Gynecology — Philadelphia General Hos- pital. Philadelphia, Pa. Pediatrics — Philadelphia General Hospital, Philadelphia. Pa. Public Health— Henry Street Settlement, New York, N. Y. Psvchiatrv — St. Elizabeth ' s. Washington, D. C. Military Stations : Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. " Slie ii ' d.v found gacmi imth dreaming eyes into the distance. " 1923 I Si 1 aon (ft ' - v ' ' EDNA RITENOUR ' lK(il lA I- " aiui-. x Affiliations : Obstetrics — Niw ' i rk l. iii}; In. ( ' .ynecology — C ' olumliia Hospital. D. I ' . Pediatrics — I ' hiladclpliia (icncral Hosjiital. Philadelphia, I ' a. f ' lihlic Health— I. ' . . A.. ashini;ton. D. C. I ' sychiatry — Hlooniinfjdale. Xew ' (irl . Military Stations : Walter Keed Hosiiital. Washington. H- l. ■ " She nijoxs Ihiskliiji ill the sun. iiiuility traii- (fuU. ill nil absniiitr -. ' acutiiiii oj nil thoiifilil. " MARTHA PATTON .Si; K i i.K " I ' l: XNSvi.x ani. Affiliations : Obstetrics — I ' biladelphia General Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. (iynecology — Philadelphia General Hos- pital. Philadelphia. Pa. Pediatrics — Philadelphia (ieneral Hosjiital. Philadelphia. } ' a. Public Health— Henr ' .Street Settlement. New Vorlc, K. V. Psvchiatrv — St. Elizabeth ' s. Washinj;ton. b. C. Military .Stations : Walter Keed Hos|)ital. ashington. I). C. " She litis nil eager desire fur the kiunvledne nf all real e.visleiiee. " I f 1923 pi.Qn. BEULAH WEIDMAN Stkattok Nkbhaska Affiliations : Obstetrics — Stanford University Hospital. California. Gynecology — Stanford University Hospi- tal. California. Pediatrics— Children ' s Hospital. Washing- ton. D. C. Military Stations : Letterman General Hospital. California. Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. Camp Greene. North Carolina. " Silence is zcoinan ' s oriiiiiiu ' iil. " • OFFICERS OF CLASS OF 1923 President Margaret Meredith Vice-President Villa Mohler Secretary Martha Patton Treasurer Anna Gudelsky 1923 I 63] aQn. Probation Days — Class of 1923 Co tlje rmp cljool Briglit spirit of tlie Arm}- School. To j-ou wo sliall remain Loyal, steadfast, and ever true; You have not called in vain. Bright beacon .shinins through the gloom. You ' ve led us through the fray. And now. with tender, grateful hearts We sing your praise todav. Bright Spirit of our Training School. The lessons you have taught Of duty, sacrifice, and love. Are graven on each heart. You ' ve fitted us to face the world ' ith souls deep, strong, and true. All honor to the Spirit of The Red and White and Blue! Gehtkuok Marshe, ' 23, i « 1923 [54] I- ft6.a W )at Bocs! tt)E rmp ctjool of i ursing iilean to Wii 1 Timidly, expectantly, and hopefidly we arrived at the Walter Reed llt)spital on October 1st, 1920. The first question seemed to l)e: " Why have you en- tered training? " In unison we replied: " We want to be nurses. " Within the next few days we had our course of study before us, and we wondered with awe at the amount of studies listed thereon. In our minds we added these requisites to the course: Self-control, order, ])romi)tness, neatness, obedience, consideration for others, and self-knowledge. As time went on, ni ster - after mystery in the medical line unraveled itself and we learned to lo e and resj ect our A. S. X. more and mo ■c every da ' . History teaches us of the ])ast — we are not the lirst on the road of experience. Alillions have lived, learned, and mastered new ideas. Hence we should profit from their ex])eriences. Time has taught us so much that, as we are about ready to graduate, we can not help exjjressing our dee])est regrets in leaving om- .A. .S. N. to go out into the world which now seems st) vast and wide. ' e came to the . rm School of Nursing to learn ;i jirofession. Here we fiiund nur life ' s work, and we lound ourselves. I ii:R TRUDi-: M. Rsiii:. ' 2?i. Graduation Days — Class of 1923 - 1923 [ 55 ] A6.a I Commencement Cxercisies; Lacking tlic spectacular, but losing none of the significance connected with the graduation of the first class, fourteen members of the Class of 1923 received their diplomas on June 1. The exercises were held in the lecture room of the Army School of Nursing and were attended by all the Army graduates on duty at Walter Reed Hospital, the entire student body, and many of the officers and friends. The procession to the scene of the ceremonies started from the Recreation Hut with Miss Lillian Smith and Miss Mary Tob:u, sujicrvisors of student nurses, leading the escort of Army graduates, followed by the Classes of 1924, 1925. and 1926 of the Army School of Nursing, and last in line the graduates of 192,5. The measured tread of all evidenced the value of the military drill as part of the curriculum. The graduating class occupied .scats on the iilatform, together with General M. W. Ireland. Surgeon (ieneral of the Army; Colonel J. D. Glennan, commanding officer of Walter Reed General Hospital ; and Major Julia C. Stimson. superintendent of the A. N. C. and dean of the A. S. N. Miss Stimson gave the address to the graduates. In this there was a de- parture from the usual theme conventional for such occasions, and the ideals held up for the students about to enter the nursing profession were those of real, living, human beings, women who had done and were doing all that an ideal nurse might attain within the span of life. Miss Stimson cited Miss Annie W. Goodrich, the founder and first Dean of the Army School, as one model. Miss Goodrich is known to all, and her achievements in the nursing world make her a model after whom all would gladly pattern themselves. Miss Stimson also spoke at length concerning Mile. Jeanne de Joannis. a native of France and one of the most active in the task of amplifying the sphere of activities of the professional nurse throughout the French Republic. Mile, de Joannis has accomplished much, and, for her, the innumerable obstacles were only things to be surmounted. No one in America will ever have to face the difficulties encountered by Mile, de Joannis in her endeavors to elevate and broaden the held of professional nursing in France, but the indomitable courage of that wonderful woman is a shining example for all. Miss Stim.son stressed very strongly several points characteristic of the career of the models who .served as the main theme for her remarks, and the new graduates were urged to adojit those principles now at the very threshold of their careers and make a practical application of them throughout their lives. The suggestions recommended were that all con- tinue towards the exaltation of duty ; acciuire thorough professional education and an all-round experience ; develop a deep spiritual conviction : initiate a consecration of purpose and maintain a broad general interest. General Ireland in a few words congratulated the graduates upon the successful com- pletion of their studies and handed the diplomas to each in turn. At the conclusion of the exercises, graduates, students, and guests gathered at the Recre- ation Hut where tea and light refreshments were served. A delightful program rendered by the Army Band in the Formal Gardens concluded the fe.stivities for the afternoon. — The Coiiic-Buik. June 8, 1923. 1923 [ 56 1 Aan planting of tfje 3tij The Class Day exercises as part of the commencement program were held on Saturday. June 2. at 2 o ' clock. The students gathered at the Recreation Hall and, headed hy the Seniors, marched in a body to the Formal Gardens. The ceremonies began with the singing of the school song, and Miss Edna Daulton then read the history of the Class of 1923. The Class Will furnished Miss Juanita McElroy an opportunity to dcmon.strate her ability with legal terms, and Miss Ida Bjorkquist went adrift into the realms of the future and revealed to the chosen ones present the events that are to come in the lives of the girls of 1923. Miss . nna Gudelsky voiced the sentiments of appreciation for the w onderful help and insi)iratioii furnished by the Class of 1921, and Miss Corder ' 26 paid tribute to the Seniors in a clever poem. The rite of planting the ivy next followed in order, and a sprig from Mount X ' ernon was planted at the base of the steps leading from the east side of the Formal Gardens. Miss Meredith accompanied the act of planting with the following speech : " In keeping with the custom established by the Class of 1921 — the first class to graduate from the Army School of Nursing — and adding our link to the chain of tradition which will in time be the heritage of each succeeding class, we. the graduates of the Class of 1923, gather here this day to plant this s]irig of ivy. May it grow apace with our beloved Alma Mater, and symbolize the memory ever green in our thought.s — of the days we ])assed within these plca.sant precincts. " The trowel used on this occasi in of ceremony is thedonation of Ralph Grimm, a former patient of Walter Reed Hosiiital. It is of his own design and workmanship. We pass it on to the care and custody of the new Seniors, the renewing to the donor the sentiments of appreciation expressed by our predeces.sor.s — the former graduates of the Army School of Nursing. " Miss Arlyn Carlson, for the Class of 19 4, accepted the trowel and rejjlied to Miss Meredith : " Worthy President and our dear Senior Class : In accepting the silver trowel, may I. on behalf of the Class of 1924, pledge my faith in the endeavor to carry on the work which you have so faithfully done in our beloved Army School of Nursing. To do less than the best we can is failure ; and with this in mind, and the example you have set, may we .strive to be conscientious, earnest women working together to save life in a world where millions die for want of care. " And. in turn, we shall plant the ivy a.s a symbol of the endurance and beauty of our ])rofes3ion and our school, and try to live up to the ideals entrusted to our care. To follow the advice of Omar, ' To gather something from everyone thou passes! on the highway, and froin every experience Fate sends thee, and out of the wide experience thus gained of human weaknesses and human needs, to distil in thine own heart the precious oil of Sympathy. And no man fills his vase with it until he has first been pricked by the world ' s disajipointments and bowed by its tasks. ' " The Class of 1924 wishes you happiness and success in the field of nursing where our Florence Nightingale Lamp will light the way. " — Conic-Back, June 8. 1923. 1923 [57 ] 1 T P Qn. Class; Witt To tlic Administrative Officers of our school, through wliose efforts and patience we have finally reached the long anticipated goal, we pledge our best— our undying loyalty to this our Alma ' Mater, to keep alive, bv living, the ideals on which this institution has its mighty founda- tion. We, tile Class of 192J, will to you the jiast three years, filled with our earnest desires and many ' shortcomings ; our disappointments and rich compensations ; our failures and our A ' ictories ' ; to you, in whose hands this unshapeii clay of experience shall t)C molded into stepping stone ' s for the classes yet to come, made firm liy the all-pervading spirit of our motto, " To the stars through difticulties. " To the Probationers, just entering the field, this field in which surely the harvest is more than ready and the harvesters as yet few, we will to you, first, as a foundation, " Nutting and Dock, Hi ' storv of Nursing. " Read it if you wish— ( for he who runs may read) but do not tarry too long in the stiitiy of history of nursing— mi r it! For only then can you appreciate it. We know I Next, we pass on to you the Service Club. Make hay while the sun shines. Prohies, for soon you shall rise early and work late. Enjoy your 8 a. m. breakfast while you may. We will to vou our " Manual. " bound with the fiber of our hearts, and written with our vcrv blood, " the product of bitter experience. This little book which will help you to do and to .sav the right thinu at the right time. It is. however, but the first volume, for wc have manv more before us. Then some day you shall go aftiliating, and we will to you these tickets with Pullman. One for dear old Blockley, one for St. Elizabeth ' s, and one for Henry Street; and for all of these adventures a guard to set before your lips, that you may sec and hear and think, and never .say, " That isn ' t the way we do it at Walter Reed, " And lastly, Probies, our sincere and .sympathetic interest, and a hand ready to hel]) you at any time, as the dear old Senior.? of ' 21 heliied us when we were " Probes. " To the Juniors who have accpiired their first few installments of confidence and an extra layer of epidermis, who face the world with less timidity, who can discuss the profession with an ' astounding outlay of technical words, accomplishing the desired effect on their lower classmen— to you we will this E:mcrgency Brake, for " pride cometh before a fall. " (We of 1923 might add here that no one was kind enough to will us such a brake, hence our many scars ! ) To the Class of 1924, close following in our footsteps, and in whose brilliancy of existence we even now shine as lesser lights (as electric bulbs after much use) to this fresher (aye, fresher), newer company of young womanhood, eager in anticipation of great Service— eager to decorate the professional horkon with superior deeds— oh, to you we will everything ! All that we can not longer use, for ourselves— reveille, taps, our various shades and styles of uniforms (including the new Butterick pattern), the uncovered busses for transportation to baccalaureate sermons— with many tears we will to you the Formal Gardens, in which to cool your heated brows and to become once more uplifted, though we shall hold its memory in our hearts and the perfume of its flowers shall fill our souls when we are far from here. And then we will to you the Operating Room; the thrill of thrills, all kinds, with that part of Kipling ' s " If " which .so appropriately states " If you can keep your head when all about you arc losing theirs and— " well, you know the rest. And most of all we will you our wonderful little graduate nurses up here, who haven ' t forgotten their student days and who make it all worth while, even when in an emergenc - we attempt to thread a tiny needle, our No. 6 hands gaily clad in No. 8 gloves. There are man)- things wc would will to you. but time is limited and so we have mentioned those things which have been closest to our hearts. And now to quote the Clas.s of 1921, we will to you our boys. As the .seniors before us gave them into our keeping, we. in turn, give them into yours— these wonderful boys who gave their best for us and the flag which today waves unblemished and under which we are privileged to serve. 1923 [58] pi.Q.a Co tt)E tubent Mmm of ' 23 Here ' s to a good little worker, in a good cause, ' ith her tape and bandage, cotton and gauze. Working long hours without complaint. With the cheer and patience of a saint. With her little white cap, and uniform blue. She ' s the symbol of Service, faithful and true. She tenderly and cheerfully eases your pain. And gives you a new grip on life again. Some have bad eyes, some the flu, But the illness is lightened by the Angel in Blue, W ho aids us all our afflictions to bear By her capable work and her tender care. And men of every nation, color, and creed Who arc in the hosi)ital of W ' alter Reed Are thankful and grateful as they can be To the Student Nurses of ' 23. Private Fk, nk Gombeut, Ward 34. I ' ve decided life ' s worth living — The reason for this verse — And my private panacea is The Army Student Nurse. ' Twas somewhere in the Argonne An h. e. landed square. And when the smoke had cleared away I wasn ' t quite all there. Then followed many weary months Upon a bed of pain, With all the joy gone out of life — I ' d never play again. I ' m glad I was mistaken. And I feel that you ' ll be. too. If you ' ve come to know as I have Those gentle .souls in blue. There ' s nothing that I ask of them Which they ' ll not do for mc. I ' ve found the door to Happiness — An A. S. N. the key. I ' ll let you have the secret, If the " blues " come now and then. Seek concentrated sunshine In any A. S. N. 1923 [59] aen €ber Jf eel W Wap ? It may be a mansion. It may be a dump. It may be a farm — With an old broken ]nimp : It may be a palace — It may be a flat. It may Ix- a room Where you hang up your hat ; It may be a ith a hole in the floor. Or a marble hotel With a coon at the door ; It may be exclusive Or simple or swell. A wee bit of heaven — Or one little — well. Just kindly remember Wherever you roam. That Shakespeare was ri lit. There ' s No Place Like Home. -Cl. ss of 1923. 1923 [61 ] fton A wwasc-s MicwTrtAwe 1023 [ 62 I pi.Qn. I " 3f " {Witli apolojiics to Kipling.) If you can rise at 6 a. m. cacli morning. And wash, tlrtss. and pass insiKXtion riglit. And reach your ward and start tlic " morning toilets, " And in an hour clean everytliing in sight : If you can give a hundred medications. Translating individual M. D. scroll, And leave the patients just the way you found them. And never poison off a single soul ; If you can take the T. P. R,s. and chart them. And stop to answer (|uestions on the ' phone; If you can quickly tell of Smith ' s admission, His temperature, and if he came alone; If you can say just when Brown had his lione-graft. And why the night re| ort got in so late. And, hanging up, explain to someone higher Just why the ward ' s in such an awful state; If you are gifted with the brain of Solomon, And serve out diets, every one the same. And. missing count, you serve an extra bean out. And manfully can shoulder all the blame ; If you can make your beds with nice s(|uarr corners. If you can set U]i trays exactly right. If you can bow and smile when all is over. And clean the mess, and leave the tools all bright: If you can make your patients just adore you. And carry out your " orders " all the same; If you can answer every ijatient sweetly hen underneath you almost hate your name ; If, when the day is past and really over. And one more hour would put an end to you. You drag yourself to keep the great engagement. And find your foot too swollen for your shoe; If, when you ' d like to " hit " the old bed early. And yet you ' re glad you ' re going out with " Steve. " The office calls and says " Report for duty. We ' re .sorry, hut you ' re needed to relieve " ; If, when affiliations all are over. You can return with honor to your name. And learn your rules and regulations over. And take " State Boards, " and come out just the sanii : If. when the three long years are really over. You can come through a victor in the test ; If ynn can feel you gave the best that ' s in you. If you can feel your services were blest; If when 30U and look in retrospection Hack where the smut and beauty of life meet; If you have met and solved each problem wisely; If ou have mixed the bitter with the sweet; If you have seen the worst that life can offer, ■ ' et, imflinchingl . witli courage faced the fight ; If you can know your .soul is still uncalloused ; If your ideals still can prove their might; If you can feel that you have placed a standard; If by your work you have relieved some curse; Yours is the World — and yours Life ' s best diploma. And, what i- uKpre, you ' ll be at last — a nurse. i 1 TUAXHA McKl.KOV ' 2i. 1923 I 83 1 ' ftao. I Jligtorp of t!)e Clas!£ of 1923 X WKJ ' i ' lXCi a history, whether of social events, or of the progress of l)eoi)les. so main- authors Iiave introduced their sul)ject with — " liack in the Dark Ages. " With niv most pleasant topic, and one which has iK-en li ely and gav. as it should have been. I can not so liegin. Much more ap])ro])riate would he, " j-iack in our Golden Ages " — then to continue. The arrival of each of us seemed a social event in itself: such extended welcomes, and usherings about, and so many nice little things done. . 11 these were greath ' apjireciated and for each of us constituted our first social affair at Walter Keed. However, we would consider this " much ado ' bout nothing, " because still bigger events have occurred which have concerned us collectively. The first of these was indeed a surprise to us all from the imique invita- tions, the ladies-made men, and tiie verv ]ileasant evening that followed. F ir. -ou see. sixteen charming .Senior girls dressed as men presented themselves, after receiving ackncnvledgments of invitations, at our service as noble cavaliers. Their man little attentions, so charming and ])leasing to ladies ' eyes, were everv whit " right there " — neither were there any wall flowers. There will be " thorns among roses. " The Chief Xurse severely- rejjrimanded the authores.s and restricted her to (|uartcrs (an order|uently withdrawn), just she was with a corps-man. l.o, her charming escort had borrowed a detachment man ' s whites I . nd Colonel Cdennan was there I The next social function in this ctu ' rent of events was a lively " kids ' i)arty. " ■es, the were all there, and all dressed U]i as yotmgsters, incltiding Miss Wil- liamson and Miss ' J ' aylor. How wonderful it was to be back in the spirit of childhood davs — to ])lay all the old .games, to smile and laugh and be merry, if only for one night ! AH too soon it Iiecame necessary for us to leave our hajipy home when we received orders for our eight months of Philadelphia aftiliations. Here, for social events, we occasionall - enjoyed the regular W ' e lnesday and .Saturdav evening dances, S to 10 o ' clock, when the internes, a coujile of them carrying the ' ictrola. and others hel])ing with the records, came to the Xurses ' Home, where they made pleasant those two short evenings. ( )ne dav. upon coming oft ' duty, we found tiny, neat folders, like invita- tions, adorning our dressers, W ' e read them hastily, then re-read them to assure ourselves we were not dreaming, for we were to have a ])art}-. a real one, with watermelons and everything, and we did. too. N es. we were invited out to the ])orch to devour them. Then we ied in singing a few class songs, after which we none too |uietly hastened to the parlor " to tri]) the light fantastic toe " and to jilay games. 4 f 1923 I 64 J i ! | (R)aa One thing leads to another. So it was " we came to with a jolt " and declared and made known our sincere intentions of giving the Blockley nurses a party. It was, indeed, past the anniversary date of Washington ' s birthday, but nevertheless near enough to afford us the privilege of presenting a colonial party. We each secured a colonial costume and, to the surprise and delight of all, especially the Blockley nurses, secured Miss Clayton, Chief Nurse of the Blockley Training School, to dance with us in a dainty minuet. Again it was time for us " to pack up our troubles, " and, eight long, hard months having successfully passed, we returned again to Walter Reed. l ut not for long — in fact, just long enough to partake of the " goodies " afforded during Alumni Week ])arties, dances, and picnics. With these delightfully fresh in our minds, we again turned from Walter Reed, and this time hastened to St. Elizabeth ' s for a two months ' riffiliation in psychiatry. Occasionally, and yet rather regularly, too. on Wednesday evenings some of the class enjoyed the patients ' dances at their Red Cross. Again thew and sometimes others, frequented dances held in the various wards. After our last move, we returned again to Walter Reed liefore we shall go to New York, where four of our members now are. Christmas, with the usual cheer and good will which accompanies that joyful festive time, brought us a big dance, a children ' s party, and an exclu- sively Nurses ' party. Broken hearts were matched and mended as puzzles were put together in our St. Valentine ' s enjoyment. How very gracious and full of the sweet old sincere friendship spirit everyone was ! There is a " first time " for everything, and the initial declaration of success by the Walter Reed Orchestra rang true at a " Nurses only " dance. Many more happy social hours shall we spend together here l efore we leave to take those new, individual paths in Life which Fate has mapped for us. And may we often return to our dear school-home, there to be with one another again in happy reunion. Elizabeth Jourert, ' 2? . 1923 [ e. " ) ] I- pi.Q.n. Entrance to Quarters in Cherry Blossom Time en ©tarsi ] tntt — M ropijecp Sl. Peter said, -1 will Idok L ' liun the (k ' ftl.-. in my Record Hook, And tind in the records of ' J.i hicli iH(i]iU- ha f iu-l]R(l hi]nianit . " And. ojieninK his Ixiok, he began to read Of the student nurses of Walter Reed. . ' Xnd he cried. " 1 shall have to see What became of the Class of ' 2. " . ' Knd he C|Uotcd. " Of Justice U|i in Hea en. here it be deserved shall it he given. " And, reading there with gaze iirofound. These are the that he found. Miss Ida l ' jorki|uist sallied forth Into the fields of the frozen North. .She spreads liealth and cheer where ' er sl goes. . ' mong the tribes of the Eskimos. .Miss h ' dna Daulton there we see In a northern Michigan dispensary. .She is doing the best she can To guard the health of her fellow-man. . liss Ruth l-reshour. after trouble and trials. ( )vercoming her obstacles with courage and smiles. Has relieved the suffering of the desert band Of . rabs who travel the trackless sand. .Miss .A-una tiudelsky has risen, we see. To the head of the de]iartnient of f)ral Surgery In a place where wise fathers send their hoys (ailed the University of Illinois. Miss IClizabeth Joubert. a competent nurse. Whose name is known o ' er the universe. Has gathered faine and also wealth r y her wonderful lectures on Public Health. Miss fiertrude Marshe, the Blue Ridge nurse. Who brightens her jiatients with cheery verse. Loved by her people the country wide. Is known as the little " Blue Ridge Pride. " Miss Margaret MacBryde. the cheery and bright. ith a smile on her face morning and night. ( iocs tripiiing along with a song so gay. Scattering sunshine on her way. 1923- r 66 ] I " aan Miss Katherinc McCurdy, the fiery one. Who has hcen to all countries under the sun. Was given hy the press a great ovation For the aid she has rendered to every nation. Miss Juanita McElroy is in Mexico. here the sun shines hot and soft winds blow. Giving tlie people more than wcaltli. — An education in sanitation and liealth. Miss Margaret Mereditli. wild will never shirk. Is reaping the rewards of honest work ; And a high-ranking nurse she is, indeed. On the nurse ' s staff at Walter Keed. Miss Marguerite Miller also .sends Her best regards to all her friends. She is a society lady, sweet and nice. Wlio can always offer good advice. Miss ' iola Mohler. how our eyes do feast On the wonderful record she made in the Ivast. Known alike to the and low- As the " Little Samaritan " of Idaho. Miss Martha Patton, who is a good soul, Has sa ed many orphans from crime ' s clutch- ing toll. Giving each one a good education. She makes them an asset to civilization. Miss Edna Ritenour. modest and shy. Has produced achievements before the world ' s eye. With patience and toil that never cease. Her deeds and fame will ever Miss P.eulah ' eidman, but not least. Is doing settlement work in the hast. Rich and ]ioor honor her name. .■ nd all New " i ' ork resounds to her fame. And St. Peter said. " Be there Justice in Heaven, To these nurses may it be given ; .-Xnd. when tlieir work is done on eartii. Ma each one win a heavenly berth. " Thus readeth our jirophecy. If it is fulfilled, in time we ' ll see Tliese names shall be honored o ' er land and sea. As the famous Class of ' 2.v lii. H loRKijeisT. ' Z . SJ 1923 [6- ] ' ■ A6.a iLet a mttlt unsifjine M The veterans of the Crimean War were enjoying a reunion. ' Jlie ranks were growing pitifull}- thin. Forms were lient, cheeks furrowed, locks whitened. A grouj) was gathered around the camp fire recal hng reminiscences of camp and field and ho.spital. P ' inally one hattle-scarred veteran said : " Boys " — they ' re always " boys, " you know, even though the eye may be dimmed, the ear dulled, the step shortened — " boys, let ' s take a vote and see who gets the most. Who was the most j)opular one connected with the campaign? " It took. Scraps of paper and stubs of pencils were soon produced and the balloting began — a secret ballot. Then the counting of votes began. Each name was to be placed in a separate i)lace, and then the piles counted. " Piles, " did I say ? No ; there was l)ut one pile. It grew and grew ; for all unknown to the others, every one of these old veterans had written ujjon his slip of paper the same name. And it wasn ' t the name of the commander-in-chief. It wasn ' t the name, even, of the hero who led the Charge of the Light Brigade. No ; every man had written upon his slip one name — Florence Nightingale. Florence Nightingale, that angel of mercy who had braved the dangers of the battlefield ; who had endured the hardships of the army camp ; who ministered so tenderly, so lovingly, to the sick and the suffering in the hospital wards ; who had taken the last messages of the dying, and closed the eyes of the dead. Florence Nightingale ! Would that there were more with her courage, her hope, her cheerfulness, her love, as well as her trained ability today. And why not? Why not be an angel of love? Why not be a star in some one ' s sky? There ' s enough of darkness in this old world. Throw open the shutters — the shutters of the soul — lift the sash and let the blessed sunshine in. Absorb so much of it that you can ' t keep it all on the inside, so it just naturally bursts through and radiates to di.s]iel the clouds in others " lives. And if, perchance, a cloud some day should settle down over you, be sure to wear it wrong side out. for then the silver lining will be on the outside and the other fellow won ' t know a thing about it. There ought to be a well-beaten track between the heart and the lips. Strew your flowers along life ' s pathway, adding joy and sunshine to the lives of others. But you must have it before you can give. So — " Clear the darkened windows, Open wide the door, Let a little sunshine in. " Ivy L. Thomasson, Ward 2.3. 1923 [68] A.e.a Jfaretoell to f ou of ' 23 Dear little girls in blue, We bid farewell to you, Farewell to you as girls in blue, But not as nurses kind and true. For. where you girls do go In dresses white as snow, The Blue you wore for loyalty Becomes your badge of royalty. And now, dear girls of ' 23. Soon members of the A. N. C, The A. S. N. congratulates each. And wishes you luck a-plenty. I 1923 [ 69 ] I- ae .n. 1923 [ 70] aen. Class of 1924 " 1923 - 1 1 VI ] !• A6.0, I Class of 1924 1923 f 72] w: Class of 1924 |N OCTOBER 5, 1921, thirty-three young women entered the third class of the Army School of Nursing at Walter Reed General Hospital. Due to ])h sical inal)ility and transfer, we are now twenty-two of the original group. During Septemlier. 1922. were added the nurses from the Public Health School of Nursing. Fort AIcHenry. These, with Mrs. Dorian of the " first Armv Training School class. " have made the class of ' 24 thirty-six in number. Miss Minnegerode and memliers of the Public Health Service Staff be- lieved that the public should be trained to appreciate and maintain sanitary conditions. Through her influence a school of nursing was established to function as a part of the Public Health Service. The hospital selected for the school was the Fort McHenry Flospital, Baltimore, Maryland. Miss Emma Nichols became chief nurse, and Miss Mary W. Tobin supervisor. About December first the students who had been accepted for the first class of the s chool received their orders to report on January third at Fort McHenrv. During the first si. weeks there was only class work, and at the end of this period, four hours daily on the ward, in addition to classes. On the firgt day of May every one was greatly excited, for " the new class was coming. " Also, on this day Fort IcHenry was officially turned over to the ' eterans ' Bureau. Though this meant little at the time, it jiroved to be of imjjortance a few niontlis later. The school advanced rapidly imtil the middle of August. At this time the Veterans " Bureau lacked facilities to maintain the school. The students asked for transfer to the Army School of Nursing at Walter Reed. Here they were acce])ted with full credit and were incorporated in the class of 1924. The 1)right. pretty, pink uniforms of these girls added a new cheerfulness to all the hosi)itaI, but we loved them even more when thev were dved to the " bluebird " color. Efjcir rribal at Walttv Rtcb The " Pinkies " from Fort ]McHenry arrive on the wards at Walter Reed. " Yes. Major, McCartev was drunk last night. I am positive of it. " " Confine him to the ward. " " Lord. Major, have a heart I What ou talking about? As sure as Vm settin ' here, 1 was ne -er drunk in my life; 1 swear I wasn ' t! What ' re you treatin ' nie this wav lor? And McCartev strode indignantl} away from his bed to the window. " I guess you ' d better kee]) me to the ward. " came McCartey ' s faltering voice. " I ' m drunk this time, sure. Here comes them ' blue-birds, ' l)Ut toda - my eyes sees them all ' ] ink ladies. ' " 1923 [ -3 ] I. aen. Poofe of rmj) cfjool of i ursfi ng — Pagf 1924. ACT III. SCKXE 1. Placi-: Walter Reed General Ho.spital. Xurse.s ' Quarters Seven, Time: Fall of 1921 Have you heard of our of thirty-two Who were entered a.s " proljes " a month ago? We ' re a wonderful grou]). let me tell you, So full of vim and, too. That one hardly know.-i what next to do. And at exactly .six-forty-five. Quarter.s Seven is much alive. Then it quite re.sembles a busy beehive, For every one in it does earnestly strive With hair under nets and aprons held dear Inspection to pass, and all answer " Here. " .A.nd then to our wards we wend our way. To make up our beds without dela ' . To fold in slijis and blankets lay. — According to specific rules are they. When the tw-o brief hours of dut ' lia e Hetl, Back to the school room we iirobationers sped. There t o delve in books galore. Then write, write, write, till our arms are sore. Then back to our rooms tn cram Steps in nursing from A to Z. Naming the bones in Anatomy, Learning symbols in Chemistry, . m Military Drill does finally Finish our work (|uite creditably. and store Then does come our own recess. Upon which we put considerable stress. Down to Takoma or Washington To eat ice cream and have some fun, Or, out for a walk, to Rock Creek Park. Lunches with us, our steps we mark — " Weenies " to roast, marshmallows to toast. Stories to tell, that is our boast. When dusk around us closes in. Back to the Post we march with vim. A score and a half, plus two, I .said. In Quarters Seven are housed again. Feeling refreshed from our outing and s])read. - undress, take our baths, and iiarade to bed. 1923 [74] Ppi-Qn. Scene 2. Time: Four munths later. Oh. the cliattcr, chatter, chatter. And the clatter, clatter, clatter, KnA the patter, patter, patter. Up and down our " Quarters " hall. Folks, my story is a sad one, Tho ' I ' d rather tell a glad one; For we ' re told our rooms we must vacate. Now our class has been a glad one. But just now it is a sad one. For from Quarters Seven we mo e at speedy rate. First our trunks, and then our baggage. Then our books, then pick up rubbish. And our moving task is half complete. r3ut the part that we miss most Is the sleeping " porch, where ghosts Played havoc with our sleep on frosty nights. Scene .1 Tinir: August. 1 22. Place : Quarters Three. .A.nd now at last, the half have passed Those awful days of packing, In which the lid was oft undid For things they noted lacking. Thus on again the time jiassed. when Our separation days begin. With many a sigh and fond good-li e. Our call of " Come Back " followed them. Now. as you know, best wishes go To those who ' ve gone aw ' ay. Oh. did you .say. " They ' ve gone awa " ' " Why, yes. to Pliiladelphia. J- 1923 [ 75 ] A6.n. f unior Mmita (©ibe Plapletg Three one-act plays were presented by the student nurses, class of 1925, of this hospital at the Red Cross Friday eveninp, before an audienc-e of over 40(( appreciative persons. The plays were driven for the benefit of " The Annua!, " a maKazine pul)- lished each year by the student nurses. Jerry Isaacs staged and directed the production in an able manner, and music was furnished by the Post Orchestra. The program follows: I NEVERTHELESS r5y Stuart Walkcr Billy Clevcs Miss Francos Mitchell Louise C ' lcvcs Miss Priscilla ' illccllt Burplar Miss Licchcn Kueliu II THE MAKER OF DREAMS By Oliphant Downs Pierrette Miss Isabella Williams (Mary Ellen Howe) Pierrot Miss Merniel Wonser Manufa m M- M ' i i l m SUPPRESSED DESIRES 1 Act, 2 Scenes By Susan Glaspell Henrietta Brewster. Miss Dorothy Mouversly Stephen Brewster Miss Dorothy Conde Mabel Miss Ella Reed Tht ' part of Pierrette in the " Maker of Dreams " was taken by Miss Mary Howe. wlio. owini; to the illness of Miss Isabella Williams, perfected the part on two days ' notice. The " New Juniors " deserve much credit for the masterly way in which they produced these plays. " Suppressed Desires " received but one week of rehearsal, owinfr tti the fact that the " Twelve - Pound Look " was ready for production when the liermission of the playwright was withheld. So, in one week ' s time, " Suppressed Desires " was sub- stituted. To praise individually is impossible here, but it must be said that the work of Miss I ' riscilla Vin- cent, as Louise Cleves in " Nevertheless " : the very charminsT portrayal of the Manufacturer in the " Maker of Dreams " by Miss Mary Stetcher, and the creatiy-enjoyed characterization of Stephen Brew- ster in " Suppressed Desires, " as portrayed by Miss Dorothy Conde. were the outstanding features. 16, 1 )23. 1923 [TS] ■« •■ 0 J ' . I tt -.1. fell.- ' i -•ii " : kk " ' ii " ii iT iv li v 4 K. SM ' W OT ' Class of 1925 -■ ». ' imifi- tS !• aQH. f uniors;, 1925 I IN February tweiity-eig-hth, from early niarn ' till evening thirteen girls Ircini many parts of the country gathered at the ofifice of the Chief Nurse at alter Reed Hospital. Our probationary days began on ] Iarch the first, nineteen twenty-two. and with them so nineh new routine for us. " Oh. how we hate to get up in the morning! " After our very strenuous i)robati()n iieriod. the fifteenth of June was for us the ste])])ing stone to responsihilit . Miss Ciooflrich presente l us with otu ' reward of -erv daint ' cajis made 1) the juniors. e considered these gifts a great honor l)estowed upon us. The o ' dx difticuhv was that, since our four months ended on July first, we had to be on duty until then without cajjs. I ' er- haps the mirrors were not in use most of the time off duty when we were trying to decide which way the caps were most becoming! Mien it came time to adorn ourselves with them permanently, we many times arrived at the ward capless. After an enjox ' able summer of swimming, tennis .and hiking — to sav the least of vacations — as in former school lavs, we flocked back to our beloved studies. The first real break in our number was made the tenth of July when Madame Mouroux from Paris de])arted to tour Africa, and then to return to her home. I ater Miss lierens. whose home was formerly in Luxemlmrg, re- turned to us after an extended leave of three months. On the fifteenth of Se])tember three memliers were admitted from Fort McHenry — the Misses Portia Pearce. .Sadie Adkins. and .Mabel Kennedy. This increased our number to seventeen. .At a Hallowe ' en Party we had the pleasure of willing ly dedicating our places to the new Probationers. On Christmas morning, with the other students, we renewed Christmas cheer by assembling and singing carols at the various wards. The third of Fehruar_ ' at (Juarters C )ne, in the space of a very short time, we made twenty-three crisp new caps and then presented them to our new class- mates, " the new Juniors, " at the Red Cross House, where they had been im- patiently waiting like so many little " bltiebirds " watching for the much treasured w-orm. Thus ends the record of our first }ear at Walter Reed, and we are now as a class of forty on the threshold of our careers, intermediate students of the Army School of Nursing. i 1 1923 [78 ] I- aan « 0UY Jf irsit tKujo iWontfjg m tKraining Class of 1925 More than two niontlis have passed since we came to the .Army Sclioul o) Nursing at Letterman General Hosjiital, San Francisco. Before we arrived we were impressed with the fine spirit existing in the school as demonstrated hy tlie letters each of us received from junior students. They were very cortlial, jjave helpful hints ahout our uniforms, and the writers offered to meet us at the Ferry P uildinji u])on our arrival. These letters made each of us feel that we were welcome, and linked the distance between home and Fctterman. Some f)f the students were met hv aml)u]ances at the dock, and others, who came in advance, were guests at the hospital until the opening day of the VnW Class. The first day was not unlike a freshman ' s matriculation at college. ' e met oiu ' fellow classmates who came from all points of the compass — ' ashington, Illinois. Georgia. New ' ork. North Carolina. Texas. California, and .San Salva lor. I ' v-ery hit of hosijitalitv was shown us. and so much kindness liestowed upon us that homesickness through loneliness was forgotten. This dav we met our Chief Nurse, had the required physical examination, took the ( )ath of Allegiance, and received a schedule of our classes. In the afternoon we attended an informal tea which was held for us, the preliminar - students, where we met some of the Stanford University students who were interested in hosi)ital work and who had come out to Letterman on an inspection tour. During the first two months no ward duty was assigned, and we attended classes only, from 8 a. m. to 5 ]). m. These classes were in the following sulijects : History of Nursing, Fthics, Personal Hygiene, Setting-up Exercises, Anatoiriy, Physiology, Bacteriology, Bandaging, Practical Nursing, Hospital Housekeeping and Cooking. The quiet hour for study is spent in the quarters or Reference Library between 7.30 p. m, and 10 ]). m., and is always cheered by slip])ing out one by one to the bread and milk stand. Oh, it is so good ! fXtr ])ractical nursing consisted of demon.strations and practice in hed-niaking of all types, admission of patients, care of i atients, discharging of patients, and hospital housekee])ing. Before starting on the ward duty, poise and self-assurance were acquired by four hours of dailv practice in nursing arts in the class room. One certainly does not go blindly into unknown work and methods when the foundation has been thoroughly laid. During the first two months we learned hospital housekeeping to the last degree. Inspection tours were made of all departments in the ho.spital, the medical supply, laundry, wards, kitchens and power house. In fact, nothing was missed. After each tour, each .student wrote a pai)er giving description, plan of operation or su[)ervision. and offered any criticisms or suggestions which .sh e considered would aid in liettering that de|)artment. 1 1923 J 7!U I- aao. Every Saturday morning ' ins])ei-ti()n of the entire hospital is made liy the Q)m- manding ( )ffiier and the Chief Xiirse. On one particular Saturday mornin|( we accom|)anied them. ]t was a momentous occasion, the Colonel having in attendance the Chief Xurse. an aide, the sanitary officer and an orderly. The latter was the instigator of much discussion among us. whether the word was " Attention " or " Iiis] ection " with which lie heralded the jirocession, as all we could get was " Shun. " ' ou can well imagine how important we felt, mere hlue-uniformed I)re]iminary students, accompanying such i)eoi)le of importance on insjiection. In fact, we inspected and afterwards handed in a rejiort to the Colonel and Chief Xurse. This inspection took two hours — two hours of criticizing the order and cleanliness of the wards, diet kitchens, linen rooms, utility and hath room.s — at the end of which time we were all in a state of collajise due to dignity fatigue. As to .something of our life outside of classes — our first Sunda - was a free day tor all students. The juniors had i)Ianned a picnic across San Francisco liav. We started ahout 9 a. m. with ample i)rovisions, crossed the bay in a ( lovernment boat and were met by an Army truck which took us two or three miles over hills and through tunnels until we reached the ocean. It was a glorious (lav. After we had rambled around for an hour or two, the cho]i])ed bacon and scrainljled eggs with coffee and Imns tasted the best ever. After a rest, and when the picnic housekeeping was completed, a few of us walked to the great lighthouse that helps to guard beautiful Golden Gate. At 4 p. m., the truck called for us and gailv we returned to the hospital, each declaring it a jierfect day. The Xurses Clu])house has been the site of many a joyous party. It is a splendid recreation building where we may have music, dances, play pool or cards, and read. There is a good-sized library, to which all have access, supplied with good books, the popular magazines. The American Journal of Xursing. The Public Health Xurse. and the Modern Hosjjital. Every morning from ' , ' to 10.30 we may have coiTee and toast here, and afternoon tea frf m 2.30 to 4.30. In our own dining room, which is separate from that of the graduates, we may have guests at any titne for meals. ' e have two very good tennis courts, many delightful walks along the beach to the old Spanish fort and to other points of interest, and there is a fine swimming tank at the Y. W. C. A. We had opportunities to avail ourselves of all of the above recreation during our two months as well as at the present time, and we surely took advantage of them. Regardless of necessary strict criticisms from our instructors, and conscien- tious and concentrated application to study and work, no one pined away in flesh or thought. All hope for the realization of a preliminary student ' s dream — HER CAP. (By Grace P. Knowlton and Dorothy J- Livingston. Letterman General Hos- pital. Class of 1925. Reprinted from American Journal of X ' ursing.) 1923 [80 1 ( .en 1 1 A Day With the Class of 1926 1923 I SI ] aan Salter Eeeb llanbfaoob for preliminary tubentfi- iiitt Cbition -aae Kead thesi- dirwlions and ])i)inter liastilv and tollnw them ; ' arelessh . They will get you into iileiity (it trouble without your hothcring to read them at all. Don ' t ever consider makiny; out apiilication blanks in advance and don ' t waste an_ time makinj; ' your uniforms the correct length. The . ' supervisors will do that for you. When you arrive in W ashingt in take any street car you see and kee] trans- ferring until vou see a I ' orest (lien or Takoma Park car. Get on it. Lnder no circumstances ask a policeiuan wliere Walter l eed is. lie doesn ' t know any more about it than you do. Now grab a stra]), elevate ourself above the common rabble and dangle there serenely lor a half an hour or so. If the conductor emits an hideous screeches, don ' t be alarmed. He is either renaming the streets along that line or haling some of his friends as they ])ass in their cars. When your right arm becomes numb, descend cautiously from the strap, escape from the car through the rear exit. If the conductor extends his hand toward you, it is a sign that he likes (iur looks and is inclined to friendliness. Shake his han l vigorously and run. The running is to start the circulation and remove the numbness from -our arm. Xovv in |uire tlie wa to the " ( Ireasx Spoon. " .Alter finding this structure, face s(|uarely about and ])eer intently down the street. If the da} ' is not too foggy vou will see two tall smoke stacks ])iercing the horizon. Now. go o er there. " Sou will now perceive there is a red brick building attached to a firm foundation just be c)nd. This building is not the one you want. Xow. look to yotu ' right and walk back Z.M7 ])aces until you come to a similar yet smaller red brick structiu ' e. Call one of the flitting creatures dressed all in white and give him your traveling bags and parctTs. lie sure and load them down pro])erl - — that ' s what the orderlies are for. Powder )ur nose and enter with fear and trembling via the front door. He sure and put on plenty of rouge. Xow ask for the Chief .Xurse. . ' he is a jieculiar individual who lik-s to become well acquainted with all the " Probies " on the start -so just walk right in at the front of the line — if there is one. reach dur paw over the desk and say. " llello. there, old girl. " ' i ' hat ' s just what she likes, and from that time Ivnce ' ou will receive everv coiu ' tesy. (Signed) PKfi i;- cK . . ni;KSo. . J " .S-|I|KK R. . SO.M, 1923 I 2 I- Baa V " (Jur ] unch " has been here long enough now to collect two pay checks, to know that breakfast is not served after 7 -JO a. m., to know quarters five from every angle, to know that your room is inspected every Saturday morning whether you want to sleep or not, and, last hut not least, to know what a remarkable institu- tion we have chosen to come to. e realize as we stud ' and look and learn, how broadening this training will lie to us. ' e expected this, of course, but to such an extent, never! Our instructors are " real " ])eople. and we want to let them know how much we a])])reciate the many things they have done and are continually doing for us. We thank you, our U])per classmates, for making us feel as if we were wanted. We have lived with the girls in quarters seven, and to them i)articularly do we 1)0w. We also want to let the junior girls know how much we enjoyed those three little playlets given at the time of our arrival. e know of nothing we can sav to express our manv thfiughts of appreciation toward vou all. " ( )ur 1 lospital, " we salute you ! k I 83 ] 1- ( .©.O. tKtie Class of 1926 THE " PRELIM ' S " FIRST DAYS XE SUNX ' moriiin r in March, the would-be " preHms " made tlieir ap- ])carance at the door of the Xiirses ' Quarters at Letternian and timidly ranj( the hell. A trim nurse greeted them cordiallv and took them into a cozy rec-e])tif)n room. This was reassuring; hut still they waited with fear and tremhling for the Head Xurse. They expected a kind of They found a human being, very kind and under.standing. The worst was OA ' er. After the formalities of signing man pa])ers. the ' were assigned rooms in the .students ' quarters and met .some of their new clas.smates. One of the friendly sophomores took them over to the Administration Office, where they took their oath of alleg ' iance. After this they felt quite ])roud and che.sty, except when they met graduate nurses. Then they went back to quarters to unpack, and talked and talked and talked. The " big sister.s " of the u])per class were very kind to these lonesome, hungry, little " prelims, " and .saw that they were shown to their seats at freshman table. The excellent food and service helped to cheer and strengthen the strangers. Altogether, they felt that they were among friends. Next morning they were rudely awakened at. what they thought, the ungodl}- hour of six. After a wild struggle into the new uniforms, a mad dash for break- fast, it was six fifty-five. Time for roll call. l efore making their appearance at the class room, tiiey all rushed to quarters t i ])owder. and ])rim]j . and fluff out their hair. And then — O, the come-down they had! All bobbed heads under nets. No more flying curls. And " pale faces " were the style. Next came assignment oi lessons, physical exammations, leisure. They s])ent the afternoon ])oking about the lalioratory and acquainting themselves with the hospital routine. In the evening, they noticed the nurses and students flocking to the Recrea- tion Hut : so they straggled in and stood awkwardly at the side. They watched the fun imtil an invitation came to join, an invitation eagerly accepted. They sat around the large fireplace and listened to the talk of tennis games and horseback riding, inwardly making u]i their minds to make a try at the sports. And now they learned that tea was served here every afternoon, and that after sleeping late on Sunday morning they could have breakfast in the I)reakfast room of the hut. It was a tired, Imt joyful and enthusiastic, bunch that turned in that night, and they all dreamed of the wonderful careers which were to he theirs. I ' y Frances Rii:i)er and Helen Ted Mount. of 1926. 1923 [84 ] I " aon fTr S« T I • •W ■ ' ■ ■ L a , , t . ■ ■;. ' - - ' ' i-S. -. " ,,- ,,_,, rt ' ; ' ' " - ' ' - ' ■ " ' ■ " .;r ' ' ' M -A% ' i ' - ' ' ' HB ■ ■ - .V. .-. ..... e i i i ms mrzM fmaU K 0m jFlas In the Flag we see all the splendid pageant of our History, the outline of every dominant figure in new life since signatures were put to the Declaration of Independence, the toil and triumph of our wars, the progress recorded in every moment of peace. We see this, and more. Ve see the principles which our great men defended, for which we fought our wars, by which our peace has been made orderly, substantial, prosperous. Tliese principles are greater than men, greater than the triumphs of war. and the Flag is their epitome. — American Lcijion IVcrkly. - 1923 [ 85 ] I " Pi.Q.n. -1923 [ 86 i • I- PyQn.j r plocfelep l eminisicences PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL, PHILADELPHIA, PA. Don ' t you rememl)er — one (lav. August 15, 1922 — when a little f n ' oup of Army l)luehirds alighted from the train in West Philadelphia Sta tion? It comes very vividly to my mind how, with sundry overflow from well ])acked trunks, we turned our steps toward ' Jliirty-fourth and Spruce Streets, where we exjiected to spend eight months acquiring wisdom. I recall how, a little homesick and very tired, we were confronted with a high stone wall — a relic, with many otliers slil! remaining, of the old I ' llockley Almshouse, as this hospital was still known as late as the eighties. W ' c followed this wall until we came to the arched iron gateway guarded by the man in the gatehouse lieside it. It was through this gateway that Evangeline entered at the end of her long. wear ' search for (iahriel. Longfellow describes this hospital as the almshouse on the hanks of the heautiful Schu lkill. A more modern legend of this old clinic gate is that it is the lieginning and end of all Fdockley romance. (){ course, owing to the shortness of o ur stay there, you nor 1 could vouch for the truth of that, hut as my mind wanders about among old memories it may be true. Well, enough of this dreaming Don ' t vou remember how our feet dragged as we entered the " ( )ld Home " which was to be our home for several months? Oh. by the way, did you exer hear that up to the liuilding of this nurses ' home in 1895, the student nurses were housed in a windowless dormitory in the hospital itself? .Since the " Old Home " was laiilt, another one known as the " New Jlome " has been erected; besides this, a spacious annex is being com])leted which will make it jiossible to accommodate comfortalih ' 350 nurses. These facts are interesting, but we are wandering away from our old memories. Wasn ' t it wonderful how amicably we adjusted ourselves as to roommates and rooms ? Few groujis of girls of the present day are as congenial as we were. I wonder if the old name of " Army .Alley " still clings to the corridors occupied by the Army girls? Did ever a dinner taste better than that first one eaten ni the beautiful dining room which was situated in the " New Home " ? This dining room and the service and food were (|uite a feature in our eyes, you remember. Oh, say! Will you ever forget that first day on the wards? What a shock! But Army girls, as well as men, have a way of adjusting themselves to new situations, and we were soon demonstrating our efficiencv most capabh. tlianks to our home school ' s good training. 1923 [87 ] B.6.n. Entrance to Blockley Well, how we did trudfie on I One service after another foni])leted. ()cca- .sionall - one would fall out of the ranks for a time and sojourn in the Nurses ' Infirmary, Init like a good soldier she, as soon as possihle. picked up her pack and traveled on. CJh. 1 almost forj;ot to mention that 600 Blockley j raduates did active service in the World War and that a hase hosiiital was located here during the war. At first we wondered wh - some things at Blockley were as they were, but as we grew better ac(|uainted with the conditions Blockley had to meet we under- stood and grew more contented and ada])table to surroundings. J ' hiladelphia Cieneral Hospital is growing in all directions. It is reaching thou.sands who would in no other way secure skilled medical attention by means of its dispensary and clinic work. It is broadening itself l)v the sjilendid training it is giving its nurses and internes. llow tenderly 1 remember the kindness of Miss Cla lon. Miss Dieson, and their able assistants and the courtesy and interest e.xtended to us by Dr. Doane and others. I.MOGENE AliUEV, ' 24. 1923 t88] aen Ploominsbale, WUtt f lainsi, i8, i. After having been welcomed so - into the beauty and peace of Bloomingdale ' s outer court, what wonder we were i)artly disoriented? The time was not out of harmonw for it was a perfect August evening in the year of our Lord nineteen hundred and twentv-two. However, place and atmosphere were very much confused. Had we not attained Heaven, after coming, as we did, from the noise, the dirt, and the grind of Manhattan ' s East Side? Were we not week-end guests at some country estate? Could it be possible those ivy- covered halls sheltered souls in torment and spirits in prison? We were incredu- lous, and fell asleej) to the chirping of crickets, wakening in the morning to the song of birds and the glorious sunshine. Wakened, yes, and with the cold realiza- tion that an hour ago we should have breakfasted and reported for duty. Early in the day we were summoned to the class room to receive our first lesson in orientation. Again we were reminded that we were ntu ' ses — that we had come to this institution for knowledge and training in the care of the most sick of the sick; that the field was large and that we at best could hope for onl_ ' a glimpse into the world of mental illness and chaos and the process of restoring order. But that glimpse alone would be sufficient to give us an intelligent as well as sympathetic attitude toward those whom we had come to helj). and from whom we were to learn the rudiments of mental nursing. The most impressive feature of this first class was girding about our wai sts ropes to which were attached several keys, to tlie doors of the inner courts, this ceremony completel}- restoring our identity. Needless to .say. our ex]jeriences were many and varied, the lessons we learned invaluable, and our sojourn in Bloomingdale happy and profitable. The classes, lectures, and clinics were hours anticipated with pleasure and eagerness, and the time much too short in which to crowd our endless questions. We learned the art of occupational therapy, the therapeutic value of baths, and the unlimited value of the element of play in the normal mental experience. We had opportunity to prove the latter when, for one week, our duty was to partici])ate in sports with the patients. We were satiated with tennis and golf. It was .strange that seven da} ' s of play should become a long week of most laborious work, and we filled it with all of life possible to crowd into 1,440 minutes. Time under such conditions passes rajiidl}-. and soon we were counting the davs when we .should return to Walter Reed. Finally came the hour when we returned our ke}s. which were to us symbolic of the ultimate laying down of our burdens. Edxa Ritenour. ' 23. - 1923 [89] !• Pi.Qn. Hvm inlS o pital i?eto fork, M, S. Dn May 2, 1921, two junior students arrived in New York with six " Seniors, " all hoinid for the Lvinf -in-l hjsjiital, where we were to receive three months of training in obstetrical nursing. r)ur first day of dut_ - began with a demonstration by our instructor, who showed us the exact way that mothers and babies must be treated and cared for. .Afterwards we were taken to the wards, which ])resented to us a strange contrast with the cozy, home-like ones we had left at A ' alter Reed. P.v the aid of kindlv supervisors and coo])erative doctors, we soon became familiar with the hospital routine, learned from the mothers a bit of Yiddish, Italian, and (German, became accustomed to the din of 40 crying babies, acquired skill in guiding the loaded baby cart down the shining corridors to the anxiously waiting mothers, and, profiting bv Miss Mullalv ' s explicit directions, we could pack bags for the doctors on the outdoor service and be confident that their equip- ment was com])lete. Ten hours of duty seemed a long day during those hot summer months. However, it was wonderful, when work was over, to climb uj) on the b ' ifth Avenue bus and ride along Kiverside Drive just after sunset as twilight was deepening and watch the twinkling lights upon the Hudson and feel the cool river breezes on our faces. Since this was our first trip to the great metropolis, we visited all jioints of interest. We viewed the city from the W ' oolworth Tower, we stood in awe before the Statute of Liberty, we raml)led through the winding paths of Central Park to our hearts ' content; nor did we forget Chinatown, Cone - Island nor the East Side (ihetto with its .scores of push carts. The three months passed (juicklv. Final " e.xams " were over. Regretfulh " we said " Goodl)ye " to oiu- foreign-born mothers and to the noisy nurser)-. We left Lying-in behind, but carried away with us deep gratitude to those who had given us such splendid, practical instructions, and who had in.stilled in our hearts their ideals of service. Ed.nw Daultox. ' 23. A 1 1023 [90 ] In the s])ring of ] )22 it was decided that some time (luring the following summer the class of 1923 should affiliate with St. Elizaheth ' s Hosjiital, Washing- ton. 1). ( " ., for our ])sychiatric training. It was with mingled feelings that we hoarded the Army truck which was to take us to our new field of work. As the truck hore us swiftly away from Walter Reed, we felt our hearts contract with that weary feeling called " homesicktiess. " After traveling for ahout 30 minutes we were told hy our driver that our desti- nation was very near. Suddenly rounding a turn, our eager gaze was intercepted hv tall iron fences and high stone walls. How our hearts throhljed as we swe])t through itnmense iron gates into — what ? Fairyland ! Ah. we did not dream it could he as heautiful as this. Everywhere one ha])]iened to look heautiful flow- ers, long stretches of grassv lawn, wonderful shruhliery. and tall shade trees met the eve. How eagerly we scanned the heautiful huiklings as we drove along, wondering which one might he the Nurses ' Home. At last, after many in(|uiries Nurses ' Home, St. Elizabeth ' s Hospital 1923 I ill 1 t A6.a and mucli delay, we were greeted 1)_ ' Miss Edith Haydon, assistant chief nurse, former student and grackiate of ' alter Reed, who assigned us to our rooms. Our ])sychiatric training had always been a fearful subject of discussion amongst us, and after our first night at St. Elizabeth ' s, made wakeful bv shrieks, strange cries, and weird noises, our fears were increased tenfold. It was with mingled emotions that we fastened our huge brass keys to long chains which we made secure around our waists. None can imagine the feeling that as.sailed us as, for the first time, we each unlocked the heavy doors that admitted us to respective wards assigned. C)ur work on the wards was very light, as we were there mostly to observe. We went on duty at 8 ;30 a. m. and came off at 5 p. m. After a few days on the wards we found that there was nothing really to fear, and with fear eliminated. we began to be ver}- much interested. So, altogether, our da_ s ])assed very Ijlea.santly. Those patients who were confined to wards were kept occupied daily through the eiTorts of the reconstruction aides, who patientl}- taught basketry, weaving, to_ ' making, etc. These ])atients also had their treatments daily in the h3-dro therapy department. Those who were fortunate enough to have ground I)arole had access to the Red Cross House, where entertainments and dances were given. These dances were a source of never-ending interest to us and the Army School was always well represented. Each week a liand was engaged to entertain the ])atients, and it was always a great pleasure for us to take as manv as ])0ssible out on the lawn for the ]iurpose of being near and hearing the music. Each day we were given an hour ' s lecture on psychiatry ]i - men who have made the subject a life-long study. It was a great jileasure, as well as a privilege, to be able to hear these men discourse on a subject that is Ijecoming more and more interesting as time advances. We .spent two months at St. Elizabeth ' s, two months in which we were given the wonderful opportunity of trying to determine the " why " of Humanity; two months which taught us more fully how to understand and sympathize with human nattire. So it was with regret we said good-bye and gathered up our goods and chatties and boarded the old Army truck which was to liring us back to Walter Reed and real work once more. Gertrudp; M.vksiie, " 2, . 1923 [92] Aan tKJjE Cfjilliren ' s hospital, Waiitin on, ©. C. Facing W Street Northwest, lietweeu Twelfth and Thirteenth, stands a large, oblong, three-story brick structure, above the entrance to which you may read these words. " The Children ' s Hospital. Incorporated 1870. " To the back and at either end of this building and connected with it bv " The Esplanade " are two other three-story bricks, which make up the remainder of the hospital. Unlike most city hospitals, this one basks in the light and air provided by the " whole block. " The hos])itaI accommodates 130 j)atients. and there is usually to be found among " those present " an illustration of every known disease under the sun. There are aljout ,S5 student nurses, in addition to the half dozen or more afi[iliates constantly- in attendance. Graduate .si)ecial and su]) Some of the outstanding features to an Army Nurse within the gates are the following : The amazing amount of respcjiisibility given to vounger students a nd the equally amazing fact of their abilit - to shoulder said responsibility. The strange- ness of going on duty at the monstrously lazy hour of 8 a. m., after having " prayers " at 7 ' 30. The distressing and complete omission of that bit of heaven known as a " p. m. " The absence of Saturday morning inspection. The e.xpert- ness with which one learns to single out the voice of the needy ])atient from among the half dozen or more simultaneousl - calling " Nurse. " The unbelievable volume of sound ])roduced li ' a dozen infants just jirevious to " feeding time. " Last. l)ut by no means least, must lie mentioned the personality of that little white-haired lady who has the nursing destinies of us all in her hands. Cultured, interested, alive, human, she stands e er ready to encourage, criticize, explain, as the need demands. Beul.mi Weidm. n, ' 23. A T ti? t L 1923 I i)3 ] pi.Q.n. 1 T LANE AND STANFORD UNIVERSITY, SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF. Lane and Stanford University Hosi)itals, where 12 of our Army students are at ])resent affiliatin consist of an old and a new part. Clinic ])atients are cared for in the older part. The combined hospitals have a capacity of 300 beds and j)ro -ide work for about 150 students. A new nurses ' home, the Stanford School of Xursiny;. was coni])leted last year and is a beautiful liuilding, modern in every detail. Here the first six of our students were assigned rooms; the last six are living in the old Lane Home, known as the Nurses ' Anne.x. It is a huge old-fashioned place, a veritable man- sion in its day. Had ou seen the rooms u]ion our arrival, bare of everything excejJt necessary furniture, and no fires in the grates, you would have thought, " What a ])lace for students to live! " ISut should you join us some evening now — see our reading lamps ca.sting a .soft glow over the room, a red blotter on the lilirary table giving a touch of color, candlestick, pictures of our brothers, incense burners, and odd pieces of liric-a-hrac adorning the mantle, and con- genial companions grouped around a table in front of the fireplace where, after settling the great issues of the day, we gaze at the embers and dream dreams — if you could join us now you would say, " What a delightful, home-like place! " Kesting there after an arduous day, our tlioughts fly back to San Francisco. That city has an European a.s])ect. Even the " caterpillar cars " lend a fa.scination. We wonder anew wherein lies the charm of San Francisco. Is it that we catch a glimpse of the hay at almost every angle? Is it the jmrple hills? Or does it lie in the weather, full of sunshine? I ' .ven though we can not answer the question, we feel the fascination and shall always associate it with our recollec- tions of student days. lust as a person who travels to foreign lands enjoNs each new ex])erience, and tinallv turns homeward with a ha])p heart, so we, after making the most of our affiliation, shall ajipreciate l.etterman all the more ttixin our return. A Lkttermanite Ahro.m). 1 1923 J [ 94] I " A6.a public gealti) J entp Street Settlement, JletD fork Citp, J9. S. February 4th, 1923, saw four of the C ' las.s of 1923 a thing apart from Ami}- Student Nurses, for the ' were actual travelers arriving in the Pennsvlvania Station, New York. While waiting here for Miss Emilie Robson. educational director, we marveled how transformed all seemed in this little city in itself. A continuous muttering roar like distant thunder, -or like the sound of rolling surf heard near the shore at night, fills this echoing terminus. Here was the material for modern life — all sorts, all conditions, all incidents that indicate particular situations arising out of universal conditions. All the important crises of life are present which take these I)eo]ile on brief or lengthv journevs. How infinite! v varied are the dim jihiloso- phies that mix invisibly in this station — how ])athetic the inner sorrows and yearn- ings ! And it is this i rolilem for which we have come to stud " . experience, and give what little aid we can within our four months. We could s])end endless time watching the people eddying downstairs and upstairs, and the kaleidosco])e of color constantly shifting. However, we were en route for Henry .Street, where our work would be more s])ecific. Henr - Street, to all outward ai)])earances, is like any other down-town street. But we find there is only one Henry .Street House. It extended us the hos])itable welcome which it gives to all strangers. We were charmed with the antique furniture, beautiful [jolished brass-ware, and choice ])ictures. If only each article could narrate its individual, interwoven tale, we would have heard mati - about .Spain, Italy, Egy])t, and Russia. We longed for a ])eep at .Miss Lillian ]). W ' ald, whom we had met wa back in probation days as author of the " House on Henry Street " and jjioneer organizer of the Public Health ' isiting Nurse Association in New York. W ho could have foretold our probable meeting? Although there were ])rominent men and women residents at dinner. Miss W ' ald was not there. The event of meeting Miss W ' ald has left an indelible impression. She greeted us in her easy, well-])oised manner, immediately introducing her warm, contagious smile. Through her we feel like " E Pluribus Unum " residents. Since it is tvj)ical of New ' ork to be in a hurry, we as.sumed the role early in the game. Going to Teachers ' College, Columbia University, we fell in with the throng and, to a ]iasser-by. seemed — Going nowhere in particular. Hurrying, just the .same. Nickel-slotted perpendic ' lar, Whirligigged we came. Right malapert upon the platform Of tlie suhwav station l)ornc. -1923 ( H6 1 a.6.a At Colles, ' e wt- rej,nstered in the following three .sul)iert.s, majoring in I ' lihlic I lealtii Nursing : " ' ' i ' ct Hours Points Instructor Social Science 2 2 Miss Tox nsend " " " " " K 2 2 Miss Grant " yf? ' ' ' " 2 2 Prof. Broadhurst In a ery short time we realized the ])lans made for our sta - here were shattered. State J-ioard studying hecame subordinate t(j our much re(|uired study- ing and extensive reading in our courses. Before we had our demon.stration on Henr - .Street technique, we went out on the district to observe with the staff nurses. Within a few davs, armed with our red guide book and district bag, arrayed in outdoor regulation uniform, we braved our tasks alone. Now we met Life anew. The i)ushcarts with their assortment of food, clothes of every description, gay colors, and personal vanities stand out in our minds as newcomers. One hears some very keen bargaining and, although it is only a small bit .saved, it seems a victory to the •ictor. The children, .s])ringing from hopeless surroundings, are small replicas of their untidy and ignorant mothers. NcA-ertheless, these children seem sufhcientlv clothed to withstand this lasting cold weather. Americanizing the mothers is the Pul)lic Hea lth nurse ' s special task. Each time .she succeeds in implanting in the mother ' s mnid a lesson in health or hvgiene she has imjirinted the seed of Americanism in its truest sense. For, from the mothers emanate the standards of home life and ideals for the whole famih-. The Children in their schools are introduced to the standards of the new world and are taught personal hygiene and health precautions. The nurse not onlv alleviates bodily pain by fighting death and disease and by giving actual nursing care, but, in case of necessity, she relieves the situation materially. The Henrv Street nurse is in coo])eration with all other medical and social associations, performing active and effective services. The rudiments of .Americanism can be taught more easilv than any other branch of Public Health nursing to maternity patients. It is amazing to find how much one has really taught the mother. For one week after a post partum case is discharged from acti e nursing care the nurse makes a return visit to a.scertain the degree of Henry Street knowledge the mother has gained. During one month the nurse ])ays weekly visits here without charge. The case is then referred to a baby-welfare clinic. Students in the ])receding class, who were so fortunate as to ha e had this affiliation, portrayed conditions existing just as we found them. However, at the time we thought them exaggerated. Now that we have facts in realit}-, we enj(i everv minute of our work and 1923 [ ne ] A.6.a play. So much so that we thoroughly delight m being on duty in the Settlement House on our respective appointed evenings. One of our class is taking active part as leader of a girls ' club, ages ranging between 18 and 20 years. Another is hostess in the lobby on Saturday night, when there is a large assemblage of young folk coming in for clubs, basketball games, dances, and to meet frends socially or for games. This Settlement House is a thing apart from the Visiting Nurse Association, but does give us a keener insight into the social life of the younger folk. This in turn afifords a finer understanding between the Home and Henry Street de- partments. We find there is a between theory and practice and at this time we call upon our reserve information of improvisations (which we have stored away since probation). From actual life and not from books, we learn great lessons of psychology— that there is good and bad in everyone, that they are often intermingled, and that very often we find wonderful qualities under a seemingly coarse, unpretentious surface. We learn not to regard traits as racial characteristics, but to attribute them to a bad environment and lack of education. Anna Gudelsky, " 23. 1923 I 97] aen I ' f A « 1923 [98 ] ft.©.n. u Mtr My most memorable moment. The moment in which I uttered for the first time in pubhc that tender word " iMama. " Shall 1 ever forget the occasion? Gran ' dad had just presented me with a small silver spoon inscribed " Bal)y " in hoTior of my four-months-old liirthday, and I looked uj) into his side-whiskered face, chuckled with pent-up glee, and said " Mama. " At the same time. I stretched out my childish arms pathetically. Now. I intended this for a subtle joke, this mistaken identity, but no one but Gran ' ma seemed to appreciate my little jest. At least I judged she did, for I watched her out of the corner of mv eye and saw a sly smile steal over her face and her eyes fill up with tears. And it was just the day before that I had heard the expression " laugh ' till the tears come. " No doubt it was no other than this strange phenomena that was bothering Gran ' ma. Now. 1 must explain my situation a bit. It seems that I was the first child. And what a fuss and fume my parents did make over me. I had no idea it would be so bad. I didn ' t mind Mama. Init Daddy was so awkward and clumsy with me. When I had attained the tender age of three weeks, my sterner parent once attempted to pick me up from my crib. I tried to tell him by making queer sounds that I wasn ' t quite ready for that sort of thing. But I was unsuccessful in making myself understood. The result was that I barely escaped a perilous six-foot dive from Daddy ' s shoulder to the tiled floor. What one suffers and endures in one ' s childhood ! And another day — a week or so later — Aunt Aggie and Uncle Benjamin came down from the country to look me over, as it were. With them came their eight children, including twins of six months. I must confess I was a bit angered by this action, as up to now I had been the center of attraction in my respective household. I felt myself unduly eclipsed by these two squalling brats from Peasdale. ' ermont. At least, I can say for myself that I had the good sense to refrain from bawling when on public inspection. I tried to be a model baby. In vain I googled to Ike and Alike — they were Aunt Aggie ' s twins — to be quiet and stop kicking when the folks were around ; and to drink their milk with a soothing noise and permitting not more than half the bottle to go trickling down their bibs. But they were very slow to catch on to my little tricks, so I gave up after the fifth week. It was about this time that I began i)racticing, in my own wav, many little monosyllables. Always, of course, in secret. By the end of this week I liad perfected " an, " " can, " " ])an. " " tan, " and a few more of this tone. I found them fairly easy to i)ronounce. with the exception of the " p. " Here I must mention the narrowness of an escape that I experienced on Wednesday of this week. The nurse was in the laundry washing my blue shirt on which I had 1923- [99] pi.e n. purposely spilled milk — that she would leave me in peace a few moments. Mama was at the telephone, so I sought to improve the time by practicing the word " man. " I had some difficulty at first and in my excitement entirely forgot to look at the clock, I knew that my regular feeding time came at quarter of the hour and that it was then sixteen minutes of, but I didn ' t sense the situation very keenly. I had just found the key to an effective " m " — puckering of the lips — when suddenly I heard O ' Sullivan-heeled footsteps and agonized voices directly outside my door. Deftly and quickly I changed my tone to a hoarse and dull brawl, rubbed my eyes to puff and redden them, and was apparently laboring with a troublesome safety pin on my blanket when the door flew open and Mama and nurse entered. This, perhaps, was my first really dangerous moment. Had I been a little less quick, my secret would have been revealed. And that spelled " ruination. " The next week two things of importance happened. The first was the advent of Gran ' dad — my mother ' s father — and the second was the departure of Aunt Aggie and her troupe on Thursday. This, of course, was a great relief. I de- veloped myself physically this week by breaking in three teeth; intellectually by learning a few household words, such as " dog " " cat, " " pin, " " damn, " " stove, " etc. ; and morally by refusing a bite of pink candy that my stupid nurse offered me to " shut up, " as she vulgarly expressed herself. How little did she suspect that I understood her perfectly, and even returned the feeling at times. The tenth week I had begun on the duosyllables. Always, you understand, in secret. And by the fourteenth week I had even organized a few words into simple sentences — " Go to hell " — I had heard that from one of Aunt Aggie ' s hope- fuls. I thought it exceptionally brilliant and it proved one of my favorite remarks. I used to practice it, under my breath, when the doctor put his clumsy finger into my mouth, feeling for a " toof " as it were. How I hated that silly baby-talk. The other sentence was " Where ' s my hat? " This I had picked up from Daddy. I saved it, however, for a coup d ' etat which I planned to effect some day when my bonnet would fall off — knocked so verj- innocently by my own little fingers. So it was the sixteenth week, or the fourth month, that I decided to take the fatal plunge and make my first public announcement. I knew Gran ' dad was to present me with a spoon as I had overheard him telling Mama. I planned a noble and fitting setting for my first word — the nursery. Now, you must realize that my first thought was to say " Gran ' dad " as I looked up at him. But, about noon of that day, I was seized with a brilliant idea, I would say " Mama " instead — making a subtle jest and at the same time observe the convention of calling one ' s mother with one ' s first noise. And so it all happened. Now, I ask you, kind reader : Sense or nonsense ? EvALYN H. Taylor. 1923 [ 100 ] 1923 [ 101 ] PaQn. leasJant MtmovitH JBrnim n ftour 0ii Butj This is drawn entirely from memory — memories, I should say — and such pleasant ones, too. The time that has ])assed since I left Panama has been just enough to leave onl} the most pleasant of memories. On the twentieth of October, 1920, we sailed from New " ' ork on the U. S. A. T, Cantigiiy, and on the twenty-seventh of that month we were steaming into Colon Harbor, or Limon May. On the starboard there was a hill on which were some red-roofed houses, nestling into the vivid green of the tropical foliage and arranged as are Army posts. This, we soon learned, was fort Sher- man, an artillery fort, guarding one side of the bay and the entrance to the Canal. As I looked on, slowly turning from right to left, I saw the jungle- covered hill become a mass of solid green, a])])arently uninhabited; I saw, entirely unconscious of seeing it. too. the entrance to the far-famed Canal ; on around my eyes wandered — over the coaling station seen some di.stance away ; over the white and glaring concrete piers; over the town with its beautiful, snow-white Washington Hotel a little ajjart, its palm-bordered walks and gardens; on farther jjast the hotel to a little brown-stone E ])isco])al church, Christ Church by-the-.Sea ; on l)eyond to the distant mountain range that 1 knew to be the mountain range which is the backl)one of the Americas — dropping my eyes from the distant mountain tops to the left shore of the bay I saw another fort. Fort Randol])h, guarding the other side of the ba ' and the naval sul marine and air stations. The landing was dreadful. The )kr was jammed with peo])le who had come to see all the newcomers and to watch lest they have a friend aboard. Then, as always, came the customs officials and the usual routine of examining baggage was observed. As a regiment we were transferred from the transjjort to a troop train and were shipped around for an hour or so from siding to siding and finally to our destination six miles away, which was a brand new post, and we were the first occupants — to be the first occupants of a new Arm - ]iost certainh is not an every-day occurrence in this world. There were many lovel}- trips we could take to very many ])laces of interest. We could go on the train forty-five miles to Panama City and see the Church of San Jose with its altar of gold which has such an interesting history, and from there go out to see the ruins of Old I ' anama City or to see the Flat Arch, which has stood through many a storm and earthquake. We could go from Colon either by boat or across the river and go bv horseback or on foot to see the ruins of the famous old Fort San Lorenzo, destroved manv ears ago bv the dreaded jiirate, lorgan. The social life among the .Army and Navy people is literally strenuous, and yet the - love it and keep on. j C. theri. e Picim ' kk, ' 26. 1923 [ 102 J A6.a St Ss! tB:o 12.aug|)- 1 Where can a man Ijuy a cap for his knee, Or a key to the lock of his hair? Can his eyes he called an academy Because there are pu])ils there? In the crown of his head, what jewels are found? Who travels the hridge of his nose? Can he use. when shingling the roof of his mouth. The nails on the ends of his toes? Can the crook of his elbow be sent to jail? If so. what did it do? How did he sharpen his shoulder blade? I ' ll he hanged if I know; do you? i First Tea-room Hound: " Well, old strawberry, howsa bo_ - ? I just had a bowl of ox-tail soup, and feel bully. " Second Cafeteria Fiend : " Nothing to it. old watermelon. I just had a plate of hash, and feel like everything. " ' Tis sweet to love. But, oh. how hitter. To court a girl And then not gitter I Ambitious Student ( looking at an Anatomy chart which she has to copy look at all the things I have to draw in my trunk! " Bright Student: " ' S ' es. you sure will have a trunk full. " " Oh 1923 I 103 ] P A©.a ' J- " Statistics i)n)ve that niarria re is a jiieventive a i aiiist suicide, " said Major McClintic. " " Yes, " exploded Captain Cook, " and statistics also jjrove that suicide is a ])re- ventive against marriage. " Miss AIcBride (at roll-call) : " Aliss Mount, are you pigeon-toed? " Miss Mount: " No, dear; hut all my family arc, except me, and my heels turn out. " Doctor, to Patient : " Well. 1 am glad to see you coughing easier this morning. " I atient : " I ought to; 1 have practiced all night. " We all wonder what were Miss Sears ' intentions toward the hystanders at the great fire exhibit the other day. Trim, to Student Xurse : " ' ou■re sweet enough to eat. " Student Nurse, sweeti - : " 1 do eat. P .J z. f e-- - ' = ' ' ■ ' ■ ' Miss R. I. Taylor; " Did you hear about the fight last night? " Chorus: " No; where? " Miss R. I. Taylor: " Some one licked a lollypo]i. " 1923 ( 104 ] i ' aen. A STUDY IN SCARLET He told the shy maid of his love; The color left her cheeks; But on the shoulder of his coat It showed for several weeks. T Student Nurse (to discharged soldier) : " When you were crossing the Atlantic, did you see any sharks ? " Discharged Soldier (with a far-away look in his eyes) : ' " les; 1 played cards with several of them. " All old farmer was laboriously filling out a claim sheet against a railroad company that had killed one of his cows. He came down to the last item, which was " Disposition of the carcass? " After puzzling it over for awhile he wrote. " Kind and gentle. " Nurse: " Did vou have trouJjlc with your French when you were in Paris? " Patient ; " No, I didn ' t, Imt the Parisians did. " cy ■ - -3L- - - v.-w f.rc ... -.p, ,.,. ' isitor; " In what course do you expect to graduate? ' K. C. : " Oh, in the course of time. I suppose. " Captain Mann: " ! " " ! " Student Dentist: " What ho, my lord! What ho? " Captain Mann; " What hoe? What hoe? Gillette! Gillette! Just look at mv chin ! " 1923- I lO. ' i ] i. ft6.n. First : " Some superinteiKlents remind me of Irish potatoes. Second: " Why? " First : " Because thev have eves on all sides. " Miss Smith (referring to a chart) : " What was the disposition of the patient? " Aliss Harms: " Excellent. " t ' y) - . ! (P - " T Drill Sergeant to Miss Davis: " Hey, there! The command was ' Left front, into line, douhle time! ' " Miss Davis: " I ' m going as fast as 1 can in that direction. " First Orderl}- : " Say, lid you know our charge nurse is a magician? " Second Orderly: " No; how come? " First Orderlv: " She turned me in to the Night Supervisor last night. " There ' s a meter for gas and for water. There ' s a meter for love and for hate ; liut the meter to me most romantic Is to meet her alone at the trate. O tnit. AUit f . ,-f s c o tf e ic Miss Tobin : " Well, how do you feel. Miss Wilson? ' ' ] Iiss Vilson (after a ])ractice liath l)y one of the students) ; " 1 feel like I ' ve been through the war ' - 1023 t 106 ] I- A6.a ' ' ' » Dr. Riley to J3rown : " I don ' t like 3 ' our heart action. You ' ve been having some trouble with angina pectoris, haven ' t you? " " ' ou ' re partly right. Doc, only that ain ' t her name. " T Nurse: " Why, Major Kirk, what hapjiened to your mustache ' ]Major Kirk: " Oh, I took it otT; it ' s too warm for furs. " " Have you ever done an_ - public s])eaking? " " T once proposed to a girl over the jjhone in mv home town. " THERE ' S THE RUB The world owes ever one a li ing, lUit— It takes a hustler to collect it. c ' WISDOM Nobody says that he ' s a mutt ; He has a mouth, l:)ut he keeps it siuit. (■»,»„ ,r- " " ' " ' 1923 [ 107 ] A6.a Fire Chief to Probationer: " What steps would you take if fire broke out in this school? " Probationer: " Long ones, sir. " I Advice wanted ! Why should one think it was a joke for a student nurse to be called a plumber, just because the Murphy drip apparatus conveniently sprung a leak every time she entered the room? F " air student nurse to clerk: " Have you talcum powder? " Clerk; " Certainly; do 3 ' ou want Alennen ' s? " Student nurse: " No; women ' s. " Clerk: " Scented? " Student nurse: " No, I ' ll take it with me. " Teacher: " Now, Kollo, use the word ' ruthless ' in a sentence. " Rollo : " Everv team in the American League except the Yankees is Ruth less. " It is reported that Surgeon General Ireland visited a neighboring hospital, became especially interested in their farming projects. " Do you have a hennery? " he inquired of the manager. " No, " said he, " I drive a Dodge. " cpmh 1923 [ 108] t P .Qn. ©oins l fjeir Pit Miss Melissa Smith had not spoken for three minutes, which was quite an unusual thing for her — so unusual, in fact, that it caused various whispered and raised-eyebrow comments to float gently over the group gathered to make wooly socks and " woolier " sweaters, and, oh, so wooly washcloths for the unfortunate boys in the service. And, not unnaturally, soon came a lull in all conversation. Even old Mrs. Howe observed the occasion and dwindled off in her most exagger- ated account of what happened at Mel Jones ' tea. For Miss Melissa was to Perryville societ - what salt is to food. Without it, food becomes tasteless, un- palatable. She was sitting up very straight in her chair, so that at least 2 feet of her 5 feet 9 inches towered above the top. Her position accentuated her thinness and the bones in her very bony neck made one ill at ease — was there any chance of them actually po])ping through the dried-up skin ? Dried up, but oh, so well greased ! But, alas ! Poor Miss Melissa ' s neck had reached such years that it could not absorb the Melba beautifier applied so religiously at half-past nine every night. It was as cream on a pan of milk. Her angular jaw was topped by an expansive, thick-lipped mouth. Her nose was decidedly pointed and rested somewhat on her lips. Quite a distance above this sat two black lashless eyes, placed very much side by side, so close that they might gossip and chat amiably, telling one another state secrets, perhaps over- looked by one or the other. Then the frosting of the cake, what inspired soulful poets have ever spoken of as woman ' s glory — hair, locks, curls. Miss Melissa was devoid of all these beautiful sounding words in the general sense, hair — she gave one the impression that the good Lord just fashioned a fleecy cap of straw hue, then melted and poured Miss Melissa in. She had hardened too soon, before she was quite in place, because the cap began a trifle late, leaving a most generous forehead. But, in the process, this expanse had been horribly wrinkled. This taking place on a Thursday, one can hardly blame the good Lord for not pressing it — He had so much to do. Yet, Miss Melissa was peculiar looking — the very essence of boniness. She acted as one might expect from gazing at her. And nothing pleased her quite as much as presiding over the meeting — be it Ladies of the Good Heart or the Society of Ye Village. So, what could be the matter with her now? Something must happen soon. All the ladies were waiting anxiously. In books, thoughts are i n the hal)it of exploding. Miss Melissa ' s didn ' t. She hadn ' t read enough to know that that is the usual thing to do with one ' s thoughts- — explode them. She most ignorantly let her ' s leak out. 1923 [ 109 ] !• aQn. Ah! Her mouth was ( ])cning! " Mrs. Howe. " The ])re.ssure was reh ' eved. " Yes, Miss Melissa. " The ladies called her that. " Mrs. Howe, it grieves me. but 1 must tell you what Sadie ' s cousin ' s boy, who is in France, wrote home. " " Yes, Miss Melissa. " " Mrs. Howe, he jjlainly wrote .Sadie that the doughboys used our knitted wash-cloths to shine their shoes with. " " In view of this disconcerting fact, don ' t you think you had lietter unravel that wash-cloth, Mrs. Howe, and start a sweater? Here. " And .she handed the poor laflv a large, ungainly ball of white wash-cloth yarn! Now, I ask you, was Mrs. Howe to think this was a mistake on Miss Melissa ' s part, or had Miss Melissa seen the two .stitches which she had dropped .so carelessly a half an hour ago? Ev.vLvx H. Taylor. mer. 1923 [ no ] t A n i ANNUAL BOARD Editor ill Chief Martha M. Patton ' 23 Associate Editors .... Edna Daulton ' 23 Juanita McElroy ' 23 Assistant Editors ....Lucille Rhoades ' 24 M. Carolyn Jones ' 24 Eleanor Merrill ' 25 Esther Ransom ' 25 Literary Editors Ida Bjorkquist ' 23 Kathcrnie Hall ' 25 Social Editor Elizabeth Joubert ' 23 Prudence Anderson ' 25 Wit and Humor Arlyn Carlson ' 24 Art Editors Marguerite Miller ' 23 Frances Mitchell ' 25 Poetry Gertrude Marshe ' 23 P ' rances Quinn ' 24 Affiliations Ruth Freshour ' 23 Alumni Editor Mary Tobin ' 21 Executive Committee. Margaret Meredith ' 23 Margaret Mac Bryde ' 23 Business Manager . . . Anna Gudelsky ' H Faculty Representa- tive Elizabeth Melby 1923 [ n .] Aan ALUMNAE 1 T 1 1 ASSOCIATION 1923- [112] iPi.Qn. i T Wf)t Vanmavh of an international rmp By ANNIE W. GOODRICH, R. N. jENERAL IRELAND, members of the Medical Staff, friends, and my col- leagues : I value more deeply than I can express the privilege and honor ij of addressing you today. The inspiration of this truly great occasion is immeasurably deepened for me by the memory of the beautiful exercises of the Walter Reed Hospital for the eastern and larger wing of this army of student nurses whose course has now come to a successful completion. ] would that I could bring vividly before those jiresent the episodes of that week in Washington — episodes for which the grounds of Walter Reed recentlv so beautified, its historic buildings, and the dignity of the military jirocedures and accoutrements provided so rich and rare a setting. Class day, commencement, and jjrophetic pageant made a colorful chapter in the history of nursing, the last scene of which couW not be more fittingly enacted than here at the Presidio, looking- out through the Coldcn Gale. ]5nt these moment. ' are too jjrecious, the opportunity of a jjarting message too great to jiermit more than this brief mention of the beautiful and to us, jterhaps indeed to our country, who knows, imjiortant event of the graduation of the first class of the Army School of Nursing. Let us for a moment lift the curtain of the past to gaze upon those davs in which this school found its inception. As we do .so, the memories press thick and hard. ' e realize when we try to review its coming into e.xistencc that vears — ncj, centuries, ago it was ordained by St. ' incent de Paul, whose pronouncement was a vision of the nurse of todav : " They .shall have no monasteries but the house of the sick; no cells hut a hired room, no cloisters but the streets of the town and the wards of the hosjjital, no inclosure but obedience, and for convent bars, onl}- the fear of God; for a veil they shall have a holy and ])erf ect modesty ; and while they keep themselves from the infection of vice they shall sow the seeds of virtue wherever they turn their steps. " Its corner .stone as a professional school was laid ni the Oimea ; its curriculum assembled and tested through application, by the scholarly and devoted pioneers of our profession, amongst whose names must ever outstandingly arise — Lsabel Hampton Robb, teacher, nurse, mother, who never rested till the doors of the university were opened to us; her erudite comrade, j L Adelaide Nutting, who through the university has steadily broadened and enriched our curriculum and to whom we owe the highly prepared women who in this country and others, even to far-away China, arc steadily raising the standards of nursing, and thereby Address delivered at the graduation of the first class, Army School of Nursing, f 1923 [ 113 ] T ( aen the well-heing of the peojjles ; So])hia Palmer, the first and for main- vears the only editor of the Anicricaii Journal of Nursing, to whom we are immeasurably indebted for that most powerful organ for rajtid dissemination of information, a professionally directed press ; Lillian W ' ald, to whom the children of the streets of many cities and in the far removed places owe a debt of which they will never be aware ; and lastly, Jane Delano, through whose organizing ability as well as command of the affection of the members of her profession, brought, when the un])recedented call for nurses came in 1917. an enrollment of 8,000 reserves through the Red C ross. We wish it were ]K)ssible to dwell upon the service rendered by the state inspectors of the schools of nursing beginning with Elizabeth Burgess ; and the nursing heads and their assistants of the civil and army hospitals to whom Miss Stimson has already ])ai l trilmte, a long list led by Mary M. Riddle and Marie Louis. We realize we can never adequately express our gratitude to the staunch su] porter of the ideals of the nursing profession. Dr. Winford H. Smith of Johns Ho|)k ' ins, then in the Surgeon General ' s Office, and above all and in an ' measure, of our debt to (ieiieral Robert E. Noble, in whose hands the establishment of the school so definitely lay. These are indeed but a few of the many that made ])ossii le the creation of the school, for it must not be for- gotten that the interest of the young womanhood of the country was aroused and the students called to iioth civil and army schools throughout the machinery of the .A.merican Nurses ' Association, working in close cooperation with the women of the country giving their .service through the Red Cross and the National Council of Defense. It would almost seem that the school owes its life and the way it was shaped to every grou]) that before and during the war was mobilized for constructive service to mankind. How little was this realized in those davs when we became a ])art of the great staff gathered together for the purpose of evaluating and distributing the manhood and womanhood of the country for ra])id and immediate action; millions of our best manhood to be projected into a situation that .s]5elled destruction, therefore demanding constant replenishment of their kind and the conservation of their .strength and energy through material elements as well as the provision of the care of their bodies through the science of medicine and nursing. Our imagination again brings forcildy before us the e.Ktraordinary mobili- zation of these forces, their ra])id projection into another continent, the heroic deeds of men, and not less of women " over there, " and on this side a hardly less extraordinary achievement through the rapid creation of hundreds of munition factories, of .shipping facilities not heretofore available in this country, of great thousand-bed hospitals with their scientific equipment, and this in the face of a tragedy — the epidemic of 1918 — hardly less heartrending and devastating than the tragedy being enacted on the other side. No one can ever know what the unprecedented and immediate re.sjjonse of the students to the call of the school meant to those in hands the resiwnsibility lay. In less than five months more than 10,000 applications were received, over 5,800 of which met the admission 1923 [ 114 ] A©.a requirements ; but how our heart aches again at the thought of those ardent young spirits who came so eagerly and were so immediately torn from us by that terrible pestilence. It is impossible in any space of time which could be allotted to this address to attempt to present the briefest picture of the many vivid and dramatic episodes, already dimming, of those days. But there is a memory that should always be with us, the way in which a great country came together, men, women, and children, rich and poor, for a great project— the destruction of a threatening evil, the safeguarding of the things we held most dear. This is a memory to be cherished for itself and for those concerned; but above all must we retain it because il points to a fact of most profound importance to the builders of the future, namely, that given existing evils and knowledge concerning methods of destroymg them, an intelligent society should not jiermit them to continue, for it has again been demonstrated that it is possible to unify minds scattered over a vast territory into a great efTective force. When the history of those e])ochal years, 1914 to 1920, is written, does any one question that towering above all episodes of that extraordinary period will l)e that of 1917, the Russian Revolution? Recently I listened to an exposi- tion of the situation in Russia by a Russian authority. In .sharp, bold strokes he threw, as it were, u])on a canvas the picture of the awakening to a knowledge by the masses of their ]50wer if expressed through group action. Ignorance un- f loosed, undirected by reasoned knowledge, great nobilities, and appalling beas- tialities— a veritable Frankenstein whose only weapon was revolution instead of a great constructive force whose tool is evolution. It is my belief, if I ma - venture to have a belief in the matter, that never was there a more effective illus- tration of the truth once voiced by John Stuart Mill, writing to a well-known teacher of his dav, " I agree with you, sir, that real education is the contact of the human living soul with human living sour ' — that that cataclysmic moment when the great masses of a country, the population of which is 125,000,000, the illiteracy of which is unquestionably great, through some dissemination of knowl- edge so universal, that for the moment at least these masses spoke as one voice, and .speaking overthrew the established laws, systems, and customs of generations and of the most autocratic of governments. It is this conviction, this fact, indeed, that makes the message my feeble pen can bring to you of hut small moment, but the question— What will you do with your unusually rich and varied preparation? of the most profound importance. Do I need to rehearse to you the good things you have fallen heir to? In the first place. I count of no small importance the sound foundations you yourselves have laid through your ])revious educational preparation — all of you have had at least four years of secondary work, many of you advanced academic and scientific courses ; many had been in the teaching field — a splendid .soil in which to sow the knowledge made ])ossible through the gathering together in our camp hospitals of the greatest scientists in the field of medicine and surgery, of the best thought and experience in nursing, and the most elaborate equip- 1 1923 I 115] Aon. ment that hospitals had ever seen ; added to this we have the opening of the doors of the leading civil hospitals in the country in order that you should have those expe- riences not to be found in the military institutions ; and lastly, we have the Red Cross making it possible for you to add to your curriculum a wider experience in health matters through the visiting-nurse organizations of various cities. Since I failed to put my message to your eastern sisters into the written word, in so speaking to you today I am speaking to them again. To me, you of the east and of the west, individually so lovely to look upon, your varying abilities so fa.scinating to contemplate, are nevertheless integrated into a great moving constructive force with no small jiart to play in the march of progress. You and your civil hospital sisters are to me a most important branch of the great army of womanhood upon whose conception or interpretation in the next few years of the aim of life, I venture to assert, depends in no small measure the life or death of our tottering civilization. For this reason I desire to l)ring before you, briefly but vividly, your part in the dissemination of the scientific knowledge now available in our great laboratories, your extraordinary opportunity to interpret to the people in simple language and by practical examples the life- giving message of the age epitomized b_ - our great statesman, Lowell : " Democracy in its best sense is merely the letting in of light and air. " We need hardly rehearse the world as it is today. From one angle, almost too terrible to contemplate, a world-wide, a continent reeking with misery. f a little cloud no larger than a man ' s hand arising in the far east, while in our own country physical conditions and educational limitations revealed to us through the draft, disquieting indeed to thoughtful minds. Nevertheless, the world looked at today from another angle fills us with abundant hope. We have scientific knowledge that was never before available. We have thousands where formerly there were tens who hold that knowledge in their hands. We live in an age that has been called the social age, an age that has a sense, and a growing sense, of common responsibility. We have a new message, not only in medicine, although perhaps by this science it is more dramatically exemplified than by any other, a message not only of the cure of certain existing evils, lait their prevention, their comi)lete elimination from the scheme of things. To such a group as this, I need hardly rehearse the outstanding examples of this fact ; in the not far past a surgeon to save a life had to amputate a liml ; to-day, through asejjtic surgery, it is possible to save both life and limb; tuljerculosis, a scourge for centuries before Christ — would I assert too much if I said that with the knowledge that we now have, given adequate machinery, could be entirely stamped out; insanity, so little understood that its victims were formerly, and indeed in some parts of the world .still are, treated as criminals, whereas to-day crime itself is Ijeing revealed in many in- stances to be due to mental abnormalities curable or preventable if recognized in early life. The arch enemies of man, it matters not how they ex])ress themselves, whether through pestilence, famine, or the sword, are ignorance, poverty, disease. and crime — and the greatest of these is ignorance. These evils are inditTerent 1923 t 116 ] l-i joa. to their victims — child, aduh, aged, alike become their prey. It i.s they and not their victims that should be overcome. The greatest evil to my mind is that which de- prives a little child of the garden of youth and, most pitiful and despicable of all. that filches from it its power to laugh. There are literally thousands of children today who have never laughed and who will have no memories of the joy of youth and, greatest tragedy of all, they are found not alone in the devastated countries overseas. The most beautiful, the least provincial, and therefore most cosmo- politan, almost statesmanlike attitude that I can think of is that of the child mind, the early and only inscription on which has been made by the hand of love. " I can do nothing with the child, madam, " exclaimed the irate nursemaid of a beautiful but, to her mind, too democratically inclined little girl. " She will speak to everyone on the street who looks at her. You should have seen the horrid old beggar she was just making friends with. " " But, Mamma, " protested the indignant and perplexed child, " that old man shined on me and shined back on him. " What will be the effect of a starved, joyless youth on the attitude of the man toward the world ? Another great evil is that which deprives the aged of the only solace of old age, the home. There are thousands today that have no homes. And there is a third evil and in a certain sense again the greatest — the evil that deprives the country — no, the world, of the creative and constructive power of its normal manhood and womanhood. There is an inestimable loss of such power through early and preventable death or mental and physical crippling. Even as I asked your eastern sisters, so shall I beg you to read three books : The first two, " It Might Have Happened to You, " by Conningsby Dawson, and " The Next War, " by Will Irwin, I ask you to read that you may see clearly the pitiful today and the tomorrow that might, but must not, be. The third, " Re- construction in Philosophy, " by our great educator, John Dewey, to me, at least, gives promise of the gradual coming of that " great far-off divine event toward which the whole creation moves. " Contemplative knowledge. Dr. Dewey informs us, has been superseded through the demonstrations of science that knowledge is power to transform the world by practical knowledge. A fact even more succinctly stated, perhaps, by Bernard Shaw in his last and not the least extraordinary production, " Back to Methuselah. " " I tell you, " says the Serpent to Eve, " I am very subtle. When you and Adam speak I hear you say WHY, always WHY — you see things and you say WHY? But I dream things and I say WHY NOT? " Dr. Dewey points out that this new attitude toward knowledge arouses an interest and an energy in attacking difficult and unpleasant conditions, whereas the former attitude made one turn from the un- pleasant. He points to the play of childhood as ceaseless activity, not rest and recreation following enforced toil, and through this fact he leads us on until he defines art as the union of joyful thought with the control of nature. Revivifying indeed is this conception of life, but as we glance over the devel- opments in the field of science, thrilled as we must be by the proof of his con- 1923 [ 117] aen tention, must not our discontent be the greater concerning the things to which this science has been ajijilied? Can an}- thinking person contemplate unmoved the stujiendous achievements in the ])ast few years — the penetration of the ocean, the climbing of the skies, the eHmination of time and space through the wireless ; in the field of experimental argriculture the change of texture, contour, color, and tyi)e of flower and fruit ; without the insistent question — What changes have been wrought in and for Man in any way commensurate to these — for Man the one creation through whom these things are brought about? We know toda - with an almost mathematical certainty the conditions found in any given unit of jjopu- lation that ought not to he. We are kept informed of the unpleasant facts which we repeat with the dreary nionoton - almost of a machine. To our desk come weekly the reports of the infant mortality rate of the United States. We note with interest and .some satisfaction that while San Francisco ' s is onlv 62 per thou.sand, New York, that metropolis, has lowered its rate to SS ])er thousand, despite its sunless, airless tenements glutted with humanity, in marked contrast to some small indu.strial towns that report over 200; but we can not our eves to the result of various intensive experiments — for instance, the reduction to 11 per thou.sand by a model English village. There is an old saying that has not yet been disproved, " Where two or three are gathered together. " We are told that war is the result of secret diplomacy, which is indeed the gathering of two or three together, and behold a purification by fire and sword with its terrible concomitants — a terrorized and destroyed child- hood, a crijipled manhood and womanhood, a distraught old age. In the face of a wf)rld po] ' )ulation you are but a few drojjs in a great ocean of humanitv. vet it is my dream, my prayer, and my belief that this grouj), the largest ever graduated from any one school, and the most comprehensively prepared, will join hands with their professional sisters from other schools and in other lands and this time preceding, not ioUo-cciiig, the armies of the world, will inscribe upon the unwritten surface of many minds the gosj)el of prevention of human ills. " It is man that is sacred, and not autocracies and democracies, " said Lowell. To me the nurse is the high jiriestess of a religion that proclaims the sacredness of humanity. It is her function to conserve for the little child in all its perfection its beauty of mind and body and the joy of its youth, to strengthen for the world the power of its manhood and womanhood, and to lead tcnderlv the ste])s of the old. Hers is an unequalled opportunity, for the doors of all homes are oi)en to her; she speaks through her actions, and the result of her actions, a lan- guage so univer.sally understood that it needs no interpreter, a veritable Esj)eranto. I said there was a little cloud in the far east — shall it be dissipated through an army such as thi,s — an army concerned with the question of nationality, race, color. and sex, only in so far as such information enables a more effective service of heart, mind, and hand — or shall it be in the old accepted wav ? 1 am confident that as true daughters of the Army }ou will never be satisfied to exjjress yourselves in other than effective action, motivated bv a high sense of 1923 J [ 118] k aan duty. The varied ex])erience that has hrought you into such intimate contact with the suffering and needs will insure your seeking a field through which you are convinced you are making a definite contribution to the reshaping of human lives. Your association with the great thinkers of the world, your knowledge of the ever increasing contril)utions of science and art to social betterment, will bring the trained power of imagination to your task and will keep before vou the necessity of food, not less for your mind than for your body. It will make you turn continually for further light and inspiration to those great treasure houses of human thought and accomplishment — the universities, upon the lil)rar shelves of which, I repeat, will be found today sufficient knowledge to transform the world. The ways and means of bringing this about will be written in all tongues, for the Immortals speak not to nations, but to mankind — their message is not for today alone, Imt for the remote future. To have read " Les Miserables " in one ' s youth was to be grateful to be living in another country and in another time; to read it again today is to know that it is for you tomorrow. Wrote Victor Hugo to the Italian pulilisher of this great human document: " You are right, sir, when you tell me that ' Les Aliserables ' is written for all nations. I do not know whether it will be read by all, Init I wrote it for all. It is addressed to England as well as to S])ain, to Italy as well as to France, to Germany as well as to Ireland, to Republics which have slaves as well as to Empires which have serfs. Social problems overstep frontiers. In every place where man is ignorant and despairing, in every place where woman is .sold for bread, wherever child suffers for lack of the book which .should instruct him and of the hearth which should warm him. the book ' Les Miserables ' knocks at the door and says: ' Open to me; I come to you. ' At the hour of civilization which we are now passing, and which is still so sombre, the miserable ' s name is Man ; he is agonizing in all climes, and he is groaning in all languages. Where is your army of schoolmasters, the only army which civilization ac- knowledges? Where are your free and compulsory schools? Does every one know how to read in the land of Dante and Michael Angelo ? Have you made public schools of your barracks? Have, you not. like ourselves, an ojnilent war budget and a paltry budget oi education? Let us subject your social order to examination, let us take it where it stands and as it stands, let us view its flagrant offenses — show me the woman and the child. It is by the amount of protection with which these two feeble creatures are surrounded that the degree of civilization is to be measured. There are Italians, and they are numerous, who say; ' This book. " Les Mi.serables, " is a French book. It does not concern us. Let the French read it as a history; we read it as a romance. Alas! I repeat, whether we be Italians or Frenchmen, misery concerns us all. Ever since history has been written, ever since philo.sophy has meditated, misery has been the garment of the human race ; the moment has at length arrived for tearing off that rag and for replacing, upon the naked liml)s of the Man-people, the sinister fragment of the past with the grand purple robe of the dawn. " 1923 r Hi)] n fton. Courage, dear colleaf, ' ues, something has indeed happened in several countries at least since Victor Hugo penned this letter in 1862, barely sixty years ago, for feeble woman has been permitted to take her place by the side of man and is increasingly sharing in the responsibility and shaping of the state. Increasingly she is to be found today in the universities, in the occupational field, in the courts of law, and in the political arena. Let us pray that in so sharing the world- responsibilities of man she will bring to bear upon these great problems the kind of mind that takes from the past only that which will strengthen the present and thereby create a world safe and beautiful to which to welcome the generations that are to come. This kind of mind which is the greatest gift of the All-Wise is well called the creative mind. It is the young mind, the mind that radiates the golden glory of the west, the mind that I am confident you will bring to your great task; and if you do, I predict that a world change not less great can and will be brought about. That it is this mind that you will bring to the great work that lies before you is evidenced, I dare to hope, by the vision that led vou to answer the call of your country through this service and that caused you to pursue this to a successful end. Hold high through life the little lamp you have so nobly earned. It will burn brightly through the knowledge which has been poured so abundantly into it by those who have directed your instruction and experience. " As one lamp lights another nor grows less, " so shall you light a million lamps upon a thousand hills whose penetrating rays shall guide and guard the stumbling, halting steps of our civilization on its long ])ilgrimage toward the ideal. ' -- ' - i ' .i4««d:jr : ' iWUMt nH, ., i », ■m «- -1923 1 120] Clasisi of 1921 Walttt Eeeb (General osipital CLASS OF 1921— WALTER REED GENERAL HO Claigg of 1921 Hetterman (General ?|o£ipital an jFrancisco, California CLASS OF 1921— LETTERMAN GENERAL HOSPITAL— SAN FRANCISCO, CALIFORNIA R.Q.a tE fje Seattle Conbention It was such a busy week, the one in Seattle, it is hard to pick out for a brief report the things which are of especial interest to us as an Alumnae Association. The business for which a delegate was sent is perhaps the thing of most importance. By a resolution passed at a meeting of the executive board, the A. S. of N. A. A. was given special provisional membership in the A. N. A. until such time as some other scheme for admitting us could lie evolved. The provisions of this membership are outlined in the note from Mrs. Deans, secretary of the A. N. A., appended to this report. Wt should try to appreciate just what this action on the part of the A. N. A. means. For several years a special committee on revision has been working on a scheme by which admission to the A. N. A. would be made tniiform throughout the country. The plan now in use provides that all nurses who wish to become members must first of all join their own Alumnae Association. These in turn are units in the District Association, which make up the large group, the State Association. Members of the State Associations then automatically become mem- bers of the National Organization. Entrance through this prescribed channel was not possible for all members of our association, as some States have refused to register graduates of our school — for instance, the District of Columbia. With the assistance of our friends, notably our own Miss Goodrich, Miss Mary Roberts, and Mrs. Deans, we were able to put this before the executive board in such a way that they took favorable action in our behalf. It is up to every individual graduate of the A. S. of N. A. A. to help the executive board work out the provisions made by the A. N. A. Ne.xt in interest to most of us is the question of " Who was there? " It really was a joyous thrill to find four other graduates of our school attending the convention. Ruth Peters, Louise Bereiter, Beulah Crawford, and Eleanor Lowell Bailey all were there. The first three of these girls had come half way across the country, at their own expense, to be present in Seattle. The fourth is one of our married alumnae living there. All of them, I am sure, felt well repaid for the time and money spent on such a decidedly worth-while meeting. For the rest of the attendance, just look up your " Who ' s Who in the Nursing World, " add a generous sprinkling of delegates from every State, most of the larger hosjMtals and public health organizations, and a large numlier of nurses who came, not as delegates, but for the stimulation and helji such a convention offers to all of our profession. Committee meetings, joint sessions, round tables, and the like occupied most of the day from 8 a. m. until 11 p. m. Lunch and dinner hours were utilized generally as opportunities for friends to get together socially. Of course, all 1923 I 121 ] aen. of the Army girls ])re.seiil wanted an op])()riiuiity ul seeing Aliss Goodrich. ' J ' his was also a very urgent desire of the four ' assar Training Camp girls at the convention. She, as usual, was such a husy and ])opular lady it was hard to fkid a time when she ' t engaged. In her generous manner, however, she was able to s(|ueeze out one dinner hour for a combined .Army School- ' assar dinner. Miss Mary Roberts, whom all the (- ' am]i Sherman girls will rememl)er as our first chief, and Miss Wood, of Letterman General IIos])ital. were also our guests that evening. It was a real reminiscent remiion, continued until late in the evening, while we enjoyed a ride around the city in cars provided by the entertainment committee of the convention. Everyone will have an 0])]K)rtunity of reading all of the imjiortant S])eeches of the convention in the early fall numbers of the " American Journal of Nursing " and the " Public Health Nurse. " No nurse can afford to miss studying the addresses of Dr. Lucas and Dr. Beard. The spirit of the convention is some- thing no printed account can give. To one attending .such a meeting for the time it was most marked, an enthusiastic urge forward toward better and higher ideals for our profession as a whole, not brought about from the outside nor by a few reformers, but by a consistent, studied effort on the part of all nurses joined together to find the best, and work for it. It must have made every nurse present feel that it was her jirivilege and re.sjionsibilitv to share in the work for this end. What can we as an ass(.)ciation do to help? ' e can helj), first, bv presenting to the A. N. A. a list of 100 jier cent of our graduates who have fulfilled all the requirements of membershij) in the National Organization, What if you have married and do not ex])ect to ])ractice your profession ? You can comply with the regulation to be a Registered Nurse and help ui)hold the standard for nurses generally. We should make an immediate and generous contribution to the Nurses ' Relief Fund. Most of us are in excellent physical health. One dollar from each graduate of our school would make a tidy sum to help those members of our profession who have carried the burden so long thev are no longer able to help themselves. The Delano Memorial Fund has received contributions from most of the alumnae associations of the country. This memorial to Miss Delano and all of the nurses who died in the service of the country is certainly one which should receive the generous su])port of every true daughter of the Arm -. ' ith nurses all over the country alive to their responsibilities and the oppor- tunity of ser ing, we cannot afford to lag behind. Let us enter into all activities endorsed by the National ( )rganization so whole-heartedly and promptly that it will be ])roud to count the members of our association among its membership. (Signed) Marg.vret Tr. cy. 1923 I 122 J ae n. I 1 Jfirst annual Eeunion of tije Class of 1921 The first annual reunion of the Alumnae Association of the Army School of Nursing was held at the Walter Reed Hospital from June 8 to June 10, 1922. The Commanding C)fficer_. Colonel James D. Glennan, and the Chief Nurse, Miss Raid, gave wholehearted cooperation to make the plans a success. Miss Elizaheth Pumphrey, ' 21, was in charge of arrangements, assisted by able committees. The order of events was arranged .so that the mornings remained free for the visiting nurses. The formal opening took place on Thursdav at 2 p. m. The presiding officer. Miss Tracy, president of the Association, introduced Miss Reid, who .spoke a few words of greeting, leaving the formal address of welcome to Miss Taylor. Business proceeded with the adoption of the constitution and by-laws; it was voted that the Alumnae Journal be published annually; reports of committees were read and accepted. The meeting adjourned at 4 o ' clock. A picnic at Rock Creek Park given for the student, with the alumnae in blue uniforms, was followed by a dance tendered the visiting alumnae by the Knights of Columbus at the Post Hut. Thus ended the first day of the reunion. On Friday at o ' clock, at the K. of C. Hut, the Association was called to order to hear speeches by General Ireland and Miss Clara Noyes, president of the National ' As.sociation and director of the American Red Cross Nursing Service. That evening in the Formal Gardens there was a most en- joyable garden party, with music furnished l)y the Army Music School Band. The first speaker of the meeting on the following afternoon was Alajor Julia C. Stimson, Superintendent of the Army Nurse Corps ; the second. Miss Annie Goodrich, first Dean of the Army School of Nursing. Following this fifteen members of the class of 1925, A. S. N., were honored by having their first caps pinned on by Miss Goodrich. Balloting for officers for 1922-1923 resulted in the election of Miss l arbara Price president; Miss Sidney Hood, vice-president; Miss Ruth Hubbard, Secretary; and Miss Annie M. Callander, treasurer. After a banquet at the Service Club, a farewell dance was enjoyed. It was the unanimous opinion that the first reunion had been a brilliant success. 1923 [ 123 ] I- A6.a i:tr)in Citp Alumnae Club The A. S. N. graduates in the Twin Cities averaged about twelve in number during the past year. Mabel Gray and Rose Hegne have left the group, and we are expecting Mary Hana to be with us this summer. We have met at intervals during the winter, but our most successful " get-together " was our week-end party last August. It was a real A. S. N. party, and made us just a bit homesick for our old " Bluebird " days. On a Saturday afternoon most of us arrived at Jeanette Merrill Park on the shores of Lake Minnetonka. There were Mary Baylor, Alice Ostrum, Jennie Sheveland, Mabel Grundmeyer, Elizabeth Moody, Emma Einerson, Emily Anderson, Mava Edwards Eaton, Rose Hegne and Viola Knoll. This park is a Gir ls ' Camp run by the W. C, A. and is one of the many lovely spots along the shores of the lake. It seemed like old times when we ate together at the long tables in the dining hall and " bunked " together on the big porch that overlooks the lake. As I think back on those two days, there must have been many " Bluebirds ' " ears that were burning, from the Pacific to the Atlantic, because with a pack of " Come- Backs " among us, we all greedily gossiped over everyone we had known in the Army. In between times we played tennis, swam and boated to our hearts ' con- tent. Then, in the moonlight, we wandered down to the beach and sang all the old songs from " Oh, How I hate to get up in the morning " to our Bluebird Taps. There is something about those old songs sung in the moonlight that made us sweetly, but a little sadly, reminiscent of the old friends who are scattered and the old days that will never return. Before we came back to the city we decided to meet once a month, but we have not been able to do this during the winter. We are planning another week-end party at the lake this summer, and also want to definitely organize a Minnesota branch of the Alumnae. (Signed) Viola Knoll. 1923 [ 124] I Aon Wa mton Winit of tfje . , J9, Alumnae On December 3, 1922, the twenty members of the A. S. N. Alumnae Asso- ciation on duty at Valter Reed met. It was decided to organize a Local Chapter with the hope of including all our colleagues in this vicinity. This seemingly delayed date in organizing can be explained by the fact that the daily contact of these twenty alumnae was such that no organization for closer social binding was necessary. The fact of the need of service by the group made a fitting reason for the step taken at this time. This need was the furtherance of the " Spirit of 1918 " among the present student body at Walter Reed, as well as keeping it alive among the Alumnae members in a social way. The first thing that came to our notice as a group was the felt need of our support to the senior class in helping to make their " Annual " possible. This project being launched to a successful completion, we turned our efforts into a lighter vein. Our first informal gathering was held in the K. C. Hut, and on the night of April 14. We dined twenty-two strong at " The Repul)lic. " Our guest of honor was Dorothea M. Hughes, who has again come to our aid in getting out our Journal. At this meeting it was decided to tender an Alumnae banquet to the class of 1923, and our social committee informed us we shall " picnic " in true Army School style, bi-monthly during the picnic season. It is a pleasure to work with our younger sisters, the undergraduates. We will make an earnest effort to help each other live up to the high ideals set for us by our founder, Miss Annie W. Goodrich, and our present leader and Dean, Major Julia C. Stimson, Superintendent, Army Nurse Corps. (Signed) Mary W. Tobin, Chairman. 1923 [ 12,5 ] ft6.n. Alumnae Panquet at ?|enrj Street On the evening of Februarj- .S, 1923, the old Army spirit was revived at an Alumnae banquet held at the new Henry Street House at 99 Park Avenue, New York City. The banquet was made a complete success by having as our guests our beloved Miss Goodrich, Miss Elizabeth Reid, Chief Nurse. Walter Reed Hospital, and Miss Dean, of the American Nurses ' Association. A surprisingly large representation of the Army School Alumnae were present, numbering about eighty, and it was most evident that every member, in spite of the new fields which she has entered since graduation, still retains the .same loyalty and devotion to her Alma Mater. After a sumptuous dinner, we gathered in the asseml)ly room, where Barbara Price introduced the speakers of the evening with her usual charm. Miss Dean spoke to us of the difficulties attending the entrance of the " Army School " into the American Nurses ' Association and explained some of the details of the workings of that organization. Natalie Dulles, who had recently returned from Serbia, gave us a most interesting account of her work and experiences over there. Mary W. Tobin read a letter from Major Stim.son, who regretted her inability to attend the banquet on account of having to leave for France on official business. Miss Goodrich, as usual, gave us renewed inspiration by her intimate discussion of her hopes and ideals realized in the success and advancement of the Army School of Nursing. Everyone present came away with a deeper feeling of joy and thankfulness to ))e members of the Alumnae of the Army School. We are greatly indebted to the following committee, Nell Carrington. chairman ; Lucy Neary, Etheleen Scul- thorpe, Ruth Hubbard, and Anetta Lonergan. who planned and prepared such a worthwhile and pleasant evening. k T ' Signed) Julie Russell, Nell Carrington. I 126 ] I " aen omctfjing Jfrom ?|enrp Street Just a letter with a message — " We want you to send something from Henry Street for the Annual, " and " We depend on you " is bringing forth this effort to produce " something " as was requested. " ' e depend on you. " That little sentence has so much of psychology back of it. How much effort has been put forth, and what immeasurable results ha,ve come from using just that statement at the correct time. When the call came for volunteers for service during the war, our boys resjjonded with a feeling that our country depended on them. When we as students answered a similar call, we felt that back of that call was distinctly written " we depend on you " to help supply a felt need. And that same thought is con- sciously bringing us to respond to needs and carry on our work with more earnest- ness, conscientiousness and a happier spirit every day. It does not matter in what field we work, educational, social, medical or any phase of medical, or any other field, we must realize we are depended on to do our share to make for the best for all. The nursing care we may give is just a fractional part of the whole, and yet we realize of what importance it is, for through just that point of contact we may have an opportunity to be of more than immediate service to the individual or individuals concerned. The questions foremost in our minds after the nursing care has been given and the ]iatient is about to be dismissed from our care are: " Have we helped this individual to become a better member of society because she knows better how to care for herself? " " Have we left something by way of helping her to better care for other members of the family? " " Has she caught just a small glimpse of her place in .society that in the end she may fit herself and help fit others in the future? " Dr. W ' inslow, of Columliia, says ; " While devotion and .skill and tender minis- trations do count, the visiting nurse must have a special background of knowledge and understanding of society ' s problems. " So with a leader like Miss Goodrich supplying the inspiration and vision, the Henry Street nurse goes out daily to make full use of the opportunities afforded her to .serve the patient, the community, and in the end society. For the visiting nurse has a remarkable opportunity, and fully conscious of the fact that she is depended on to make the best use of this opportunity, she re.s])onds with the there is in her. (Signed) Gertrude O. W. he, ' 21. 1923- [ 127 ] pi.e .a S 5©ap ©ream (With apologies to Kipling.) When the World War ' s last patient has recovered And the wards are scrubbed and dried, When the oldest ' 21 blue uniform has faded, And the youngest cockroach has died, We shall dream — our entire five hundred — Dream on for an hour or two, Till Walter Reed and Letterman Ho-spitals Shall pass in happ3 ' review. Then the legion of Yanks shall be happy ; They shall not need Golden Gate ' s balmy air ; They shall forget about Dakin ' s, and dressings, and ether, With a drainage tube here and there ; They shall have real things to do, then — And only sometimes recall The place where the Garden was called " Formal, " But never was " formal " at all. Then only memory shall be with us. And only memory shall claim The jovs and trials of a pioneer nurse. The " Bluebird, " or A. S. N., by name. And each shall wear the white on duty. But each, in her separate sphere. Shall cherish the faded blue imiform. For the memory of three years most dear. Ett.. a. Gilliom. ' 21. 1923 t 128] aen pluebirb ©aj si re (B itv ! " After Taps " " -ill the (juiet hush of the starlit, nioonflooded heaiily of the ui ' ht, when only the sentry ' s measured tread is heard faithfully makinj; " his rounds — in this hour of deep reflection, jroignant recollections of hluehird days flood the portals of memory ' s gates. Hapj y days, filled with work and singing! l)lue for loyalty to the service — true hlue hirds we have tried to be! " After Tajjs " — liluehird daws are over! ( )h. the words have such a mournful sound. P)Ut " ' ra] s " brings to our questioning souls a reassurance of faith in the future. Its (|uiet echoes bring comfort to our aching hearts that grieve at the thought of departure. ( )h. those soft lingering notes — how we love them, although the sa — " liluehird da s are over! " ;?» S» . « 1923 [ 129 ] |. ft6.n). m. ! 1 T - 1923 [ 180 1 i piQn I rmp cf)ool of iSursiins CLASS OF 1921 Margaret A. Adair 512 Second St.. Alhanibra, t ' alif., care of Mr. P. M. RDbiiTioii VAsie Alber HOO Gardner St.. Hollywoud. Caliu Kdna C. Alhritlnii 15(i2 Riverside Ave., JacU.sdiiville. Fla. Hettie Allen Tueunieari, N. Me . Vera J. Allciid.r 4!i37 Cleveland Ave., San Diegu, L aiit. Catherine R. Andersun Walter Reed Hosjiital. ' a.shingt()n, D. C. lunily Anderson N. P. B. A. Ho.spita!. St. Paul. Minn. Dorothy R. Anderson Texas State Board of Health, Austin, Tex. Cwen. H. Andrew U. S. Marine Hospital No, 14. New Orleans, La, Netta .Andrews 4254 North ilazel Ave,, Chicago, 111. Mrs. Effie Apjileby Stuart ( M, Newark Ave., Klizalieth, N. j. Mrs. Helen Applesate Otis 1727 Bryn Mawr Road. Cleveland. Ohio l.ora C. Arbogast SO King Ave., C ' ohnnbus, Ohio Martha K, Armstrong 807 James St., Wilkinsburg. J ' .i. Mrs. Elizabeth . rthllr auani.iker 01 ]- " .ast (ilover St., Orangeburg. S. C, Helen Alhearn Sixt -sixth St. and Ave. A, Rockefeller Hosiiital, New ' " I ' ork Esther F. Bacon Diocesan House, 00 Benefit St., Providence, R. !. Mrs. Berlola Bains de France 7,31 Vine St.. Beloit. Vi.,. Laura leaker Findley, N. Dak. Esther Bandy Narwarden. Iowa Pearl Barklcy Merrimack Mills Hospital, Huntsvilie, Ala. lieatrice K. Barnes Haywood Memorial Hosjiital, Gardner. Mass. L:ieo Barnes Rosedale, Ind. Margaret F,. Barr 579 East Thirteenth Ave., Columbus. ( )bio I ' . ' hel M. Barlon. .M3 East L ' naka Ave., lohnson Citv, Tenn. Mrs. Helen Bauer .Mason 400 North Spruce St., Little Rock, Ark. Mary Baylor 54, ' ) .Ashland Ave., St. Paul, Minn. ' era P)ear(l (are of State B jard of Health, Austin. Tex. Mrs. Marie B;;cker Kidd New Freedom, l a. Christine Beebee Cold Brook. N. ■. Mrs. Luella Bek-her Jordan lioulder. Colo. Mss Cleo Belford 1251 Neil Ave.. Columbus. Ohio Airs. Margaret Beller Kenmdy ,500 West Third St., Rollo, Mo. Marion Benson 150,i Nordi Pennsylvania St., Indianapolis, Ind. Louise Bentley 800 Emery St., Aslniry Park, N. J. Mrs. Louise liereiter Beckley Box 5, Dejitie, lib Mary A. Berry Dnshore. ' Pa. May Bessling 60,5 F.ast Main St., Mexia, Tex. Helen Betts Highwood, N. 1. l-:ila E. Bilby L " . S. eterans ' Hospital No. 76, Mavwood, 111. Lois Bishop 22 I ' .ast Seventv-second St., New ' ork Cite FJizabeth Black t;,-, MacDougal St., New ' ork CitV Mrs. V liluel Bauni 2703 E St., Omaha, Nehr. liutli Poedefeld C are ol " b. B. Andrews, Box 1042, Casper, W o. Mary b ' ,. Bond 5. 4 b ' .a.i ( )n,- Hundr. ' d and Sixteenth St., New York Citv Helen ' . Booth (.race Hospital. Detroit, Mich. Anna [•,. Borge 515 North Bla r St., .Madi.son, Wis. M. Bourne Red i ross Public Htaltb Nurse, Liberal. Kans Ethel G. P.oydston Caddo, Okla. Margaret Brewer L , S. Naval Hc-pital, (;reat Lakes 111 Elizabeth M, Brooks ,5557 |.afa ette St,. St. Louis. Mo. M rs. Holly Br.iwn Beck Sumter .S C Joyce Brown ' . ' . ' . ' . ' .Nora Springs. ' Iowa A. Brown _ . u „- i, l ) i ,Na sink, N. J. - 1923 I 131 1 I. aen. 1 A rr;rr I ' r.iwn 1216 Wcst Third St.. DavL-iiport. Iowa M. Cracc l-rown Ncillsville. " i . - ' " , [ " " ■■ " Livcrmorc. talif. 1 ear lirowii ,. ,., ,,- , „ ,, i,„i n,oebc Hri,hak.r - " " " - ' ' - ' " ■. , f ' f ' : ' " ! ' Sarah K. 1 unn P,, , , j,, s " ' Jl ' Han " Bur,lort ■ L.-inard ;:;:;;■;:;;::::::::::: :23 9 • Woodstock St., PMaddpltia, Pa. .Mildr.d Burn. 49K, A. l.acleic Ave., St. Lom.s Mo. ...,-, Hcthel. t. husan HurndKe ;;,;• e. i. i v i Helen liurrough.s Hnrd 2(b Jaques St.. Kah vwx , X ' iola Busev are ot Court, L rliaiia. 111. l- ' dna Butler " ' ' f ' - ' Vest Eightieth St.. New ' ork Cit v Mrs. Florence Butzhach IJaise Conduit Road K. W., Vasli:ngton, D. C. 1 illian Bverlv Anamosa. Iow:i x ' eriw, " -.::::::::::::::;;.:; -. i a pmh st.. Marysyine. ca.,f. Martha 1- . Lalder 404 East Lake Ave Govans. 1 altmiore. Md. Manilla Cale Oawfor.l H.32 Kittenhouse St. . W W ash.ngton D. L. Irene Caldwell ' JK } ' " f J ' ' ' -; 7 l " ' ' , ' f Annie M. Callender Bradford Hospital hradl.nd la. Katherine Campbell , ' J- ' I ' l-ody St. (.ardner. Mas,. l.issie Campl.L-Il Zurich HHH Post St.. San Francisco, Ca . Marjorie Camphell ' knuhark Ave._. Chicago. 1 1. Nell B. Carrington - - ' l East I- ' orty-sccond St.. New ork L y Agnes Case .lOlO Plogart Ave., netnnt, Mich. Mrs. Georgene Del-ong . . . ' . Mankato. Kans. Anna Ca.sev ■ -. ■..■■:,• Malta Mo. Ethel M. Cathev 4(16 Worthington .St.. (. harlotte. N. . Kmilv Czernev. ' v ■ ( r gory. S. 1). Blanche Chance : ' " " ' ' l " « " i ' - ,V Mrs Edna Chessness Smith 15«4 I ' ulton St.. San I-ranc:sco. (aht. Mrs Pearl Childress Tustlebe. ..M.=i West One Hmidred and Twenty-second St.. New ork Lit Maide T. Chil.son ;••,•••■.• • ■ ' " ' •■| " " . .- ' ' ■ Helena Clearwater 4H St. Kmgston. N. . Mar " -iret Cleary 4(M Hibernia Bank Huddmg. New Orleans, l.a. ixirothv Cleveland l " " " .Kenning. Columbus ( .... Harriett Clogston St. Elizabeth s Hospital, W asliingtoii, D C . Esther Cluhh Revnolds Gracemont Okla. Ruth Coe .■ ■ .;. eumherland. W i-,. Mrs. Florencc Cohn Nugent, old Nugent St.. Denver. C olo. Cornelia .■■■;■ J " « lervis, N . Agnes Colgan 114 l ' asl Sixty-e.glub St.. New ork C ,tv Mrs. Iva Comlev Norris .■;„.■■ ' ' l ' " ' " - l " ' ! ' Ida M Confer. ' . Walter Reed Hospital. W ashmgton. I). ( . Marv Conn - ' -1 " ' l ' ' ' ' . ' . ' ebster Grove, Mo. Tulia Connor. ' . ' . ' . ' 416 Glendolyn. Spartanburg S ( ' . Ftta Cooke 14- 5 South Sixth St.. Louisville, Ky. (irace K. Gordon. ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' Box 6. Hendersonville. N. C. Isabella Costine 1- Ashland St.. Nortli Adams, Mass. Mrs. Andora Cox Davies Stoiiey (ilen Grange. Nevada City, Car. Myrtle Craven ' ?■ ' - " ' Stoney Island Ave.. Chicago. 111. Beulah Craw icinl . ' . ' . ' 41, ICast Ronald St.. Iowa City. Iowa Margaret Cree -27 East Seventy-second St., New " ork C .ty Cornelia Cress Red Cross Hut. I ' ort Sam Houston, Tex. Mrs. Monell T.lghman .-Xpartment . O.S, Clifton Terrace, Wasliington. D. C. Helen Cross l ' ' 4 Lucile Ave.. Los An.geles, Calil. K. Louise Ctimmngs 401 Church St.. R-chmond Hill, N " . V. Mrs. A. Cunningliam Kempton Malone. N. . Hess Cunningham lO ' l West Church St.. Mar.dialltown. Ijiwa Mrs. Nadine ' Currie Tliorpe Hoxie. Kan-. Mrs. Margaret Cutler Stone i ' dd Thirteenth St, N. I ' .., W ashmgton. I), t Christy A. Dalrvmplc Waller Reed Hospital, ash.ngton, D. I, . I ' .lizabeth Dalrymple ? ' ' Patterson St.. New Brunswick. N. J Mabel Dalton .Ancon Hospital, Ancon. Canal Zoii.- lune Damelson Ouiney, Calif. " Helen N. Davies Ballard ale. Mass. ' m 1923 I 132 p .Q.a I Marjoric Davies Ballard Vale, Mass. Lc-lia Davis -176 ildcr St., Lowell, Mass. Nellie Davison 1499 Sutter St., Hotel Normandie, San Francisco, Calif. Mrs. Virginia Dean Sterling Apartment 502, Chateau Thiery Apts., Washington. D. C. Mrs. Dorrit Degner Sledge 2229 Steiner St., San Francisco, Calif. Mrs. F. DeGrange Oldham 27 Somerset St., Worcester. Mass. Margaret DeMarce 1140 Nineteenth St., Des Moines, Iowa Mrs. Fthel Denison Fagle 345 Michigan Ave., Benton Harhor, Mich. Fudora Dickeson Brownsville, Tex. Mrs. Blanche Dickinson Rahns 1760K Juncway Terrace. Chicago, 111. Vlrs. Miriam Dickinson Young 210 Market St.. Pocomoke. Md. May Dixon Cadet Hospital, ■ Point, N. V. Maiide Doherty 5032 St. Lawrence Ave.. Chicago, III. X ' iolef Dow. 407 Nelson St., Klamath Falls, Ore. lessie B. Driskell Bevier. Mo. Fdna Drulliner Alma, Nehr. P ' lorcncc M. Drurv National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, Milwaukee. Wis. Hazel M. Dry. . . . " 1104 Illinois St., Urhana, 111. Natalie Dulles 67 South St., Auburn. N. Y. Fdith M. Duncan Box 365, Donna, Tex. Marjoric (i. Dunham 2041 Fifth Ave., New ork City Gilherta Durland Kahler Hall, Rochester, Minn. Flsie Duthie 443 Fuller Ave. S. E.. Grand Rajiids. Mich. Fdna Easley 3087 Markbroit Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio Katherine Eaton 139 Korwin St., Circlcvillc, Ohio Mrs. Mava luhvards Eaton 725 Albion Ave., Fairmont, Minn. Synncve I ' 3ikum Schofield Barracks, Honolulu. H. I. Emma C. Fliner.son Bird Island, Minn. Ruth G. Ellshury Hume, III. Ellen C. Eiiperson Eighth and Antepole Sts.. Scott City. Kans. Eleanor Erwin 2125 Ashland Building, St. Joseph, Mo. Cecelia Fyolfson Carrington, N. D. Helen M. Eycrs Le Mars, Iowa Catherine Fagan 10 North Main St., Carthage. N. Y. Elinore Fahl Russell 1405 Bellefontaine St. No. 11. Indianapolis. Ind. Mrs. Lelia Fair Rankin Herculaneum, Mo. Mrs. Margaret Farley McMillan 410 Righter St., Helena. Ark. Jewel Farrar U. S. Veterans ' Hospital No. 76. May wood, 111. Gretchen A. Ficgenschuh 121 South Clav St., Gastonia, N. C. Helen Fife 525 Fifth St. N. W.. Canton, Ohio Anne A. Finch Edwardsville, III. A. Ruth Fisher Ancon Hospital, Ancon. Canal Zone Harriet R. Fifthian 30 St. Giles St., Bridgeton, N. J. Mrs. Rosalie Florence Henderson 2506 K Street, W ' ashington, D. C. Esther L. Fox 521 Prospect Ave., Hot Springs Reservation, Ark. Mrs. Dulcie Frater Ross Paintsville, Kv, Neta E. Frederick 412 North Taylor Ave., Oak Park, 111. Hilda F " reding Naval Hospital, League Island, Philadelphia. Pa. Hazel French Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D. C. Mildred E. Frey Sixty-sixth St, and Avenue A, Rockefeller, New York City Mrs. Edith Frohmade r Kurz 131 East White Oak Ave., Monrovia, Calif. Margaret Fuller 744 North Elmwood Ave., Oak Park, 111. Wilda B. Fulton Apartment 14. Melick Court, Lincoln, Nebr. Nelle K. Funderburg New Carlisle, Ohio Pauline Furminger Camp Eustis, Va. Olivia K. Galagher Rutland Court, Seventeenth St. and Riggs Place, Washington, D. C. Ethel J. Gallinant 518 West Forty-seventh St.. Children ' s Lunch Room, New York City Mrs. Agnes Gardner Murray 10 Grant St.. Natick. Mass. Edith Gatchell 234 East Fort -eighth St., New York Cilv Sara E. Gaylord Box 212, R. 2, B. V. Station, Miami, Fla. Mrs. Pearl Gerber Tucker 4421 Delmar Boulevard, St. Louis, Mo. Elizabeth S. Gerhard Cavanaugh Court, Seventeenth and Church, Washington. D. C. Florence G. Gerhart Fort Eustis. Va. Mayna R. Getchcll 809 Parkwood Drive, Cleveland, Ohio Marv W. Getty Grantville. Md. 1923 [ :33 1 aon Etta Gilliom Waltt-r Reed Hosjiital, WashingtDn. D. ( " . Bctilah Gould Potsdam Normal School, Potsdam. N. Y, MalK;l A. Grav Letterman GfiiL-ral Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. Anna R. Gredcv 471 Washington St., Appleton, Wis. Lucie E. Greenfield j ) Broadway, Long Branch. N. J. [• a Gross 1224 Kinsmore Ave., Fort Wayne, Ind. M. Imelda Groves ' 62 Merrimack St.. Lowell. Mas--. Mabel M. Grundemever U. S. Veterans ' Hospital No. 68, Minneapolis. Minn, Mildred Guinther. WJ Parkwood Drive. Cleveland. Ohio Geneva Gundcrs(jn K ' k Point, S. D. Gertrude Hakel 3719 Louisiana St.. San Diego, Calif. F.ditli D. Hal! U. S. Marine Hospital No. 21. Staten Island, N. " ■. Sarah A. Hall 72 Townsend Place, Niagara Falls. N. " Mrs. Dorothv Hammer Stanfiekl 1241 Bardstown Road. Louisville. Ky. Mrs. Anna Hammond Holter 1807 West Thirty-eighth Place. Los Angeles, Calif. Marv Hana Oconto, Wis. Elizabeth Hansborough Station Hospital, Fort Sam Houston, Tex. Frances A. Harding County Hospital. Mt. Pleasant. Iowa Emily i ' . Harris 128 East Eighty-second St.. New York City Mrs. ' Alice Harrison Brewer 326 Chambers St.. Xfilwaukee. Wis. Jessie Hartley 549 Riverside Drive. New York City Anna Harvey 1 150 Capitol Ave.. San Francisco. Calif. I iuise Hast ' Aberdeen Health dffice. Aberdeen. S. D. Laura Hastings 700 Van Trees St., Washington. Ind. Merle Hathaway 1197 East Grant St., Portland, Ore. Edith M. Haydon St. F:iizabeth ' s Hospital. Washington. D. (.. " . Mrs. Jane Heard Hallman 670 Hawes Ave.. Norristown. Pa, Kate Heathman Kirksville, Mo. Rose Hegne N ' ew F ffington. S. Dak. Vina Heinley 409 Park Ave.. Williamsport. Pa. Olivia Hemphill 702 West Main St.. Chanute. Kans. Virginia Henderson Bellevue, Va. Edna Henjes Arlington Heights. 111. Florence Henry 21 Stanfiekl St., Rochester, N. . Mrs. Marie Heutcrs Bcntlev Yosemite National Park, Yosemite, Calif. Ruby Hickok 19 East Forty-ninth St.. New York City Eva D. Hicks h ' ort MacPherson, Ga. E. X ' irginia Hill 15 " x L%. Henderson. Ky. Katherine Hill Jewish Hospital. York and Talior Roads. Philadelphia. Pa. Gladys Hitt 1250 Ohio Ave., Kansas City, Kans. Elizabeth M. Hogle Mount ' ernon, Iowa Alice M. Holden Rloomiiigdale Hospital. hite Plains, N. , Frances R. Holidav Troy. Kans. Mrs, Sidney Hood Haight 1102 Clay Ave., Pelham Manor. N. . Amy C. Hoover 341 West Eightv-fifth St.. New York City. N. . Olga Hovre Austin. Tex. Ruth W. Hubbard 11,38 Bergen St., Brooklyn. N. . Mrs. Gladys Huggett Bean Stevens Point. W i.s. Adelaide Hughes 42 Cornelia St.. Brooklyn. N . . Dorothea M. Hughes 144 Randolph Ave., Milton. Mass. . etiia E. Hunt Children ' s Hospital. Iowa City. Iowa Edith B. Hurley 4,il7 ' entnor Ave.. Atlantic City. N. J. H azel Hutcheson Dearonness Hospital. Mandan. S. Dak. Anna E. Hynds ' - ' 20 Walnut St.. Knoxville. Tenn. Mary Hyre. Walter Reed Hospital, Washington, D. C. Mrs, ' Mane A. Ingram Manly. Iowa Irwin Cadet Hospital. est Point. N . i . Leoni Jackson 170 Charles St.. Boston. Mass. Lillian M. laeob.son Little Sauk. Minn. Martha Jafifee 7S East Quincy St.. North Adams. Iass. Anna lames 822 West Twenty-first St.. Kearney. Nebr. Edith Johnson Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. Gustie A. Johnson Episcopal Ho.spital. Front St. and Lehigh, Philadelphia. Pa. Mayme Johnston Fitzsimmons Hospital. Denver, Colo. Margaret Johnston 24 Central Ave., Staten Island, N. Y. 1923 I 134 ] !• ft6.a Ima L. June Fitzsimmons Hospital. Denver, Colo. Loretta Kaler Kantoul, 111. Mrs. Etta Karapschaefer Ke.stcr 1599 Brown St.. Box 106. Akron, Ohio Florence E. Kehm U. S. Vctcran.s ' Ho.sjiital No. 52. Idaho Mrs. Martha Kiern Brayles Greenville, Tenn. Genevieve Kellev National Home Disabled X ' olunteer Soldiers, Milwaukee, Wis. Esther R. Kemp 1.M6 President St.. Brooklyn. N. Y. Eleanor Kennedy City Hospital. Mrginia. Minn. Helen A. Kennedy Hartford Hospital, Hartford, Conn. Mrs. Edyth Kerr Weaver Sturgis, M ich, Mary Kester 775 Wa.shington , Brooklyn. N. Y. Blanche Kingslcy xnv Nurse Corps. Fort Benning, Ga. Anna L. Kinney Care Court House. Fargo. N. Dak. Mrs. Lois Kirkpatrick Taylor 2()45 ' ine St.. Denver, Colo. Marv E. Kitch National Home Disabled X ' olunteer Soldiers. Milwaukee, Wis. Anna Kline Box 244 ( I ' lease forward ) , LaPorte City. Iowa Helen Knapp Santa Fe, N. Mcx. Dorothv Knight Leonardtovvn. Md. Viola M. Knoll 1212 " S ' ale Place. Minneapolis, Minn. Katherine Kreizenbeck Chadron, Nebr. Mabel Kuse Warsaw, III. Mrs. Olive Lackev Hammond l Washington St., Palmyra, N. Y. Mrs. Ck ' O Laird Grigg 202 East Front St.. Colfax, Iowa Irene Landers Oak ]51ufls, Mas.s. Martha P. Langlcv t U Poplar St.. Erie. Pa. Mrs, Esther LaQua Bailey l«2(t K St. NW., Washington. D. C. Amelia Lanxon 1. 20 Tenth St. North, Fargo, N. Dak. .Viae E. LaRouchc No. 8 West One hundred and eighth St., New York City Clara M. Larson Sparta. Wis, J Blanche Lawson 101 West One hundred and ninth St., New York City Vera Lawton Fitzsimmons Hospital, Denver, Colo. Ethel M. LaChard P ck Memorial Hospital, Brooklyn, N. Y. Edmonia P. Leach 227 I ' last Seventy-second St., New York City Bessie Leggett Ill North Thirteenth St., San Calif. lulia LcHardv Apt. 414, 1725 Seventeenth St. NW., Wa.shington, D. C. Alma S. Lcland Rosedale. Ind. Mabel Leslie 420 (iriswald St.. Glcndale. Calif. Bernice M. Letts 526 West Washington Ave.. Madi.son, Wis. Lucy Lewandowska 60. Lsham St., New York City Mrs ' . Florence Bid well Fort Moultrie, Charle-ston, S. C. Maude Littleton New Port, Ark. Annetta C. Lonergan Fifth Avenue Ho.sijital. l- ' ifth Ave. and 106th St., New York City Corrie Long Big Stone Gap. Vo. . . , , . ( Stanford Universitv Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. Fredcncka Loomis ad lress. 2211 California St.. San Franisco, Calif. Edna Loree .324 North Main St.. Celina, Ohio Anice Loveall 5S West Morrison .St.. Frankfort. Ind. Mrs. Eleanor Lowell Bailey 6.H8 Seventeenth Ave. N. E.. Seattle. Wash. Helen Lukcns Moores, Delaware Co.. Pa. Mary Lvnch 509 Sixth Ave., Helena, Mont. Adefe AL Lyons 2.V) Ravine Ave.. Rochester. N. Y. Hazel MacKay Highland Park Hospital. Highland Park, Mich. Georgia MacKensie 917 North Mes(|uite St.. San .A.ntonio. Tex. Helen MacNaughton Rockefeller Hospital, New " " I ' ork City Agues .Madden U. S. Veterans ' Hospital No. ,31. Kingsbridge Road. Bronx. N. Y. Ella Malm Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. Elizabeth A. March Army Nurse Corps. Fort lienning, Ga. Susan E. March Jeffer.son. Ohio Rubv E. Marshall Rockefeller Hospital. New York City Charlotte E. Mason 218 Market St.. Mannington. W. Va. M. Kathryn Matthews Laramie County Memorial Hospital, Cheyenne, Wyo. Edith A. Mattoon Walter Reed Ho.spital, Washington, D. C. Julia McBride 6.35 l-:ast Twenty-third St.. Brooklyn. N. Y. Elizabeth E. McCurdy St. Paul, Minn. Katherine McCurdv ( 192,3 ) Fort Wayne. Ind. 1 1 1923- [ 135 ] Paea Mrs. Viok ' t McDowell AnckTson 2024 Marion Ave, Little Rock, Ark. Mrs. Marguerite Monroe Denning Box 25. Portland. Tenn, Kitty McKelvey City Hosiiital, East Liverpool, Ohio Alida McLeniore Montgomery. Ala. Amy McNall 22 Clarendon St., Maiden, Mass . McNaught C ' ity Hospital, Holyoke, Mass. Mrs. Sarah Meredith Martin Wyckoff, N. J. Nellie Miller Baltimore, Ohio Ruth L Miner Lakeville, Conn. Marguerite Molitor 23,S ' J Moimd Ave.. North Norwood. Cincinnati, Ohio Bertha Montgomery Glen Moore, Pa. Klizahcth Moody 2H1X Fremont Ave. North, Minneapolis. Minn. Ada Moore Station Hospital. Fort Bragg, N. C. Lucille Moore 859 West Thirty-sixth St.. Los Angeles. Calif. Bernita Moran San Francisco Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. Mary Moran Letterman General Hospital. San Francisco. Calif. Annie R. Morrison Andalusia. Ala. Florence Morrow 96 South Tenth St., San, Calif. Julia L Mullen Station Hospital. Camp Meade. Md. Mrs. F. Munford Sherrick IK. S Twenty-fifth St., Moline, 111. Erin Munn 1010 Elm St.. Birmingham, Ala. Elizabeth A. Murphy Station Hospital, Fort MacPher.son, Ga. Honor Murphy 1295 Willow Ave.. Louisville, Ky. Ruth E. M urray West Jefferson, Ohio Grace Myers Louisville, Ohio Eleanor P. Naylor 744 East Burnsidc St., Portland. Oreg. Elizabeth A. Neary 629 Lexington Ave., New York City Lucy M. Neary 629 Lexington Ave.. New York City Martha P. Neely 71 Lincoln Ave., Gettv.sburg, Pa. Mrs. Katherine Neill Sidel 1364 Clara Ave., St. ' Louis. Mo. Anna K. Nelson Caney X ' alley Hospital, Wharton, Tex. Mrs. Christine Nelson Hogge Arrow Rock. Mo. Caroline R. Newman Fitzsinniions Hospital. Denver. Colo. Mrs. Frances Nevi.son Johnson Ravina. 111. Frances M. Nichols Harpers Ferry, W. Va. Mildred L. Nickum Sterling, Kans. Mrs. Naoni Noland Lewis Greenville, Mich. Winifred B. Norman Kcllshore Hotel, 744 Irving Park Building, Chicago, 111. Marguerite Norway 809 Parkwood Drive, Cleveland, Ohio Harriett D. Noyes 1.% West Seventy-fifth St., New York City Alice L. O ' Brien Fort Riley. Kans. Rose E. Offut Station Hospital, Fort Banks, Mass. Ruby Oldham n4 North Fifth St., Mavfield. Kv. Olga Olson Elyria Memorial Hospital. El ' vria. Ohio Ruth M. Olson 5116 North Bennet St., Tacoma, Wash. Mrs. Alice Ostrum Spaeth Evansville, Minn. Mary O ' Toole Iowa State Universitv Hospital, Iowa City, Iowa Mrs. Elinor Parker Wells .3559 Jackson St., San Francisco, Calif. Zella Pattce Pocahontas, Iowa Irma D. Paul Westervillc, Ohio Edyth Payne 1054 East Hickory St., Kankakee, Mich. Carohne Peart Fitzsimmons Flospital. Denver, Colo. Elinor J. Peart Fitzsimmons Hospital. Denver. Colo. Ethel N. Perkins 176 Perkins St.. Oakland. Calif. Mrs. Inia Perry Keddy 807 L St. NW.. Washington D C l " - F ' T ' Salisbun-. Md: Norma A. Peters University Hospital, Iowa City, Iowa Ruth A. Peters n„„i„j; t Uunlap, Iowa i « 1923 J [ 136 ] !• Aon Marie C. J ettTson Litchfield, Minn. Ruth Porter 731 East Fiftieth St., Chicago, 111. Pearl Pope Grafton, N. Dak. Grace E. Pratt New Paltz State Normal School, Now Paltz, N. Y. Barbara M. Price 82 Shepard St., Rochester, N. Y. Marie Primeau Armour, S. Dak. Marguerite Prindiville 375 Foriy-.second St., Brooklyn, N. Y. Dorothy Pulling Emergency Hospital, Milwaukee, Wis. Elizabeth Pumphrey San Francisco Hospital, San Francisco, Calif. Mrs, Helen Purdy Dehon 2204 Lee St., Columbia, S, C. Inez Pyle 1723 Seventeenth St., Apt. 14, Washington. D. C. Fannie Quarles U. S. Army Hospital. Fort Bliss, Tex. Mrs. Helen Quirk Veeder 640 Eddy St., San Francisco, Calif, Mrs, Phylhs Randall Trask 420 Humphrey St., New Haven. Comi. Bossie B. Randle. ' - I- ' -ds, Ala. ( Home, 1405 North Twelfth St., Birmingham, Ala Helen Rauch 120 South St., Harrisburg, Pa. I ' ve Reid 1817 South Seventh St., Springfield, 111. Elsie W. Reilly 309 West First St., Oil City, Pa. Mrs. Freda R equarth Bowen 206 North Winter St., Adrian Mich Mrs. Freda Rice Boyd 1303 East Sixteenth St., Chicago III m ' f J ' ' ' ,--i Augusta. Wis. Mabel E. Richards 240 Shonnard Ave., Syracuse N Y Myrtle Roberts ' .Wilton, Wis: Edna Ritenour (1923 ) Fitzsimmons (Jeneral Hospital, Denver Colo Frances E. Robertson Nurses ' Quarters, Fort Bavard N Mex Mary Robertson ; Rowland. N. C. Anna J. Robmette Athens, W, X ' a. Jessica Rockwood 232 Edgarton St., Rochester N Y Elsie Rogers Lo,, , granch, N. I. V era L. Rudkm V alerie Ruel Stanford University Hospital, San Francisco, Calif Juhe Russell 47 Grove Hill. New Britain, Conn Beatrice Salisbury B j„ j i;„„ Louise Sallandcr San Francisco Hospital, San Francisco, Calif Maurmc Sanborn 2716 Irving Ave. South, Minneapolis, Minn Eva C. Sawyer I9 grtb Beacon St., Allston, Mass. Mary C. Sheer 615 Tenth Ave. North, Fargo, N Dak Katherinc Z. Schell 5921 Central St., Kansas City, Mo. Ottihc Schlapp 304 East Twentieth St., New York City Mabel Schlafke , „,,.„_ j . ' Mrs. Wmifred Schruers Levy 508 Wales Ave., Bronx. N Y Harriet Schwanz 757 Suter St.. Apt. 501, San Francisco, Calif. Maury Schwarz HI North Main St., Tonkawa, Okla. Georgia Scott U.S. Marine Hospital No. 21, Statcn Island, N Y, Jennie Scott 3O5 : ias ,„ st.. Polo, 111. Ethcdeen Sculthorpe Toms River. N. f. L. Velma Seanor 227 East Seventy-second St., New York City Tress.e Seybold 4417 Alpha Ave,, Cleveland, Ohio Blanche Sharer 1519 South California Ave., Chicago, 111. Mrs. S. Louise Sharp Habliston 4 Montreal Apts., Baltimore Md Lydia Sheall 1809 Patterson Ave., Chicago, 111 Jennie Shefveland 828 Sixth St. South, Minneapolis, Minn Leah Sheppard 4IO Exeter Ave., West Pittston, Pa. Mrs. Mary Siggers Calvert Lompoc, Calif Mrs, May Simpson Gray 1248 Pacific St., Brooklyn, N. Y Nell Sims 1400 West Macon St., Decatur 111 Florence Sloan lli, Yellow Spring. Springfield. Ohio Ada E. Smith National Home for IJi.sablcd ' olunteer Soldiers, .Milwaukee, Wis. ■ 1 - 1923 - J [ 137 ] pi.Qn. Anna E. Smith San Francisco Hospital, San Francisco. Calif. Cclia A. Smith Dolly Madison. Apt. 33, Indianapolis, Ind. Mrs. Freeda Smith Abel 1680 Broadway, Boulder, Colo. Lillian M. Smith Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. Marv F. Smith ' assar ColIcRe, Poushkcepsie. N. Y. Haniiah B. Smylic Lcttcrman (ieneral Hospital. San Francisco, Calif. Elizabeth P. Snodgrass Meadow View. Pa. Mrs. Zara Solomon Bixby Chattanooga, Tenn. Elizabeth Stallman Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. Mrs. Edna Starkcy Rhodes Watcrtord. W is. Frances M. Sternberg Fitzsimmons Hospital. Denver, Colo. Elizabeth Sterrett Hot Springs, Va. Eileen Stewart 19 Fast I- " orty-ninth St.. New ork City Mrs. Celestial Strine Cnim «36 Park Ave., Omaha, Nchr. Mabel Strom Walter Reed Hospital. Washington. D. C. Carolyn Strong St. Ceorge ' s Manor, Setaukct. N. Y. Agnes Stubbs Fitzsimmons Hospital, Denver. Colo. Mary A. Stiickenbiirg 7 Roanoke Apartment. Cincinnati. Ohio Anir ' ctta Sullivan Cadet Hosjiital. West Point, N. Y. Mrs. Hazel Suthers Carty ' ' 80 Fortieth St., Brooklyn. N. Y. Phoebe Swcnson 1717 North Fairfield Ave.. Chicago. 111. Margaret Telfer College Hospital. Ames, Iowa Marion Thatcher 7i)S Droven St., Huntington. Ind. Mary A. Thatcher 2130 South Chester Road. Swarthmore. Pa. Mary J. Thayer Fitzsimmons Hospital, Denver, Colo. Lillian G. Thompson Walter Reed Ho.spital. Washington, D. C. Muriel Thompson Rox 502. Station A. Champaign, 111. Mrs. Flora Thomas Moffit Beltsville, Md. Florence Thorpe I- ' ■ " ■ ! ' ■ Building. Fugene, Oreg. Florence M. Tidd 4141 Clarendon Ave.. Chicago. 111. Marion Thornburg Lehigh University Park. South Bethlehem. Pa. Mary Tobin Walter Reed Hospital. Washington, D. C. Mrs. Alice Towne Herniach 2612 Federal Boulevard. Denver. Colo. Margaret Tracy i - Howell Ave.. (Cincinnati. Ohio Carrie Tucker 6148 Robin.son Road. Cincinnati, Ohio Olive Twitchell l " n uii ' l ' e St., Roxbury, Mass. Margaret E. Turner. ' . K- F- D. No. 8, Quincy, 111. Almina Tyson ■ " ' Clairmont Ave., Mansfield. Ohio Camilla Van Pelt 5 West Sixty-fifth St., New York City Esther Van Scovk Kansas, 111. Frances Van ' oast 1401 Union St., Schenectady, N. . Esther Victory County Hygiene Nurse, Hertford, N. C. Grace Villemonte Sea ' iew Hosi)ital. Staten Island. N. Y. Marguerite Vizner Walter Reed Hospital. ashmgton. D. C. Mrs. Belle W agner 629 Lexington Ave.. New -ork City Gertrude Wahl - 9 Charles St., New York City Mary A. E. Wall 123 Lexington Ave ( Please forward). New ork City Althea Wastun Children ' s Hospital. Iowa City, Iowa Mabel Wallace........... 42,s J Maryland Ave.. St. Louis. Mo. Elsie Weaver Hendcr.son Calhoun. Ga. Marion E. Weld Eastern Maine General Hospital. Bangor. Me. Katherine 1. Wellington San Francisc Ho.spital. San Francisco. Calif. Mrs. Marv " Welsh Fain ; " ' l ' " ™ " ' i; i! ' Mrs Dorothv Wemple Magnider 2S Livingston Court. West New Brighton. K. . Mrs Elizabeth Wemple Pouch 407 Henderson Ave.. W New Brighton. N. . Mrs. Ann Wetmore Hart 728 Racine St.. Milwaukee, W H. Marv R. Wheeler ■ I 7 South Maple St., Marshfield. Wis. Lillian C. White 1704 Jimeway Terrace W est. Chicago. 111. ft 1 1923 [ 13R 1 t, A.6.a Sarah E. " hitc - ' - -Manhattan Ave, New York City Editli M. White {WZi) 1. ' 55 Twenty-fourth St., Des Moines, Iowa. Ethel Whitener Siek Quarter,s, Marine Barracks, Qtiantico, Va. Myrtle Whitlock Irvinj;, 111. Ruth Whitmore 5- 61 Waterman St., St. Loui.s, Mo. Veronica Wiemals 135 Twenty-eighth St., I .s Angeles, Calif. Hattie B. Willcoxen 407 North River St., Seguin, Tex. Harriet N. Willett Sugargrove. Pa. Mrs. Eugenia Williston Earle HatiUo, Porto Rico Julia Wilson 3 Ashton St,, Worcester. Mass. .Mrs. Leonora B. Wing Perm. Lafayette Road. Hampton. X. H. Mrs. Ethel Wiser Northington South Hill, Va. Dorothv Woodworth 203 East Eighty-first St., New York City Helen Woodworth 213 Orange Avenue, Santa Ana, Calif. Alice L Wyler Skiff Memorial Hospital, Newton, Iowa Mrs Covetta Yoniiiaiis Hundertmark 3166 Lincoln Ave, Chicago, 111. Lelia Vjunglove 19 East Forty-ninth St., Ne v_ York City Mrs Mary Y ' oran Pete 5508 Greenwood Ave., Chicago, 111, Zetzsche ?15 F.ast Second St., Dixon, 111. 1923 [ 139 ] Aan 1 rmp cftool of iSursiing l alter Eeeb (General Jlogpital CLASS OF 1923 Ida Bjorjciiuist Irun River, Mich. Edna Daulton Melvma, Wis. Ruth E. Freshour Kingston. Ohio Anna Gudclskv Overlca. Bahimorc, Md. Khzahi-th E. Jouliert Enumclaw, Wash, Margaret V. MacBrydc 5611 Thirtv-seventh St. N. W., Chevy Chase, D. C. Gertrude A. Marshe! Proffitt, Va. Katlierin McCurdy 24.i.t South cbstcr St., Fort W ayne, Ind. Tuanita McElrov, ' 219 Apslcy St., Germantown, Pa. Margaret H. Meredith Hopewell, Va. Marguerite Miller I3UI Grand Avenue, Connersvillc, Ind. Villa R. Mohler South 518 Howard St., Spokane. Wash. Martlia M. Patton R20 Centennial . ' ve., Sewickley. Pa, Edna S. Ritenour Fairfax, Va, Bculali ei(hnan Stratton, Nebr. CLASS OF 1924 Imogene H. Abl ey 410 Bryant St. NW., Wasliington, D. C. less Adams . ' Purceliville, Va. Nettie E. Alley Phelps, Ky. Agne s S. Bidwell Madi.son Ave., Jersey City, N, J, Helen P, Bildcrbacli 835 Fifth St„ Fort Madison, Iowa Mrs, Pollv Burkhardt Paragould, Ark. Norma A. Cady 5 Dartmouth St., Taunton, Mass. Arlvn H. Carlson Stephenson, Mich. E. ione de France 539 John St,, Kalamazoo. Mich, Helen K, Dorian 1071 Lakewoud Ave Detroit, Mich. Violet D. E ddy 1 1 Church St., Cortland, N. Y. Hattie Feather ' . Cherokee, N. C. LaVerne H. Fitzgerald ' ' 01 Fourth Avenue North, Great Falls. Mont, Dorothv Fulton Tarpon Springs, Fla. Annie M. Gregg Marion, S. C Loraine B. Hanse 1742 St, Paul St., Rochester, N. . Martha A. Hauch . - " J: ' ' ' " : w " ' Marv E. Hicks I !, " rt, " = ' ' v - Carolvn M. Jones o ' cott. N, Marion T. Kirkman 210 West McClurc St,, Peona, 111. Amiamaria Koch -5 Sussex Ave.. Bloomsbury, N. J, Edna L. Lindquist 1530 Fitch Ave., Marquette, Mich. Emma S. Linn W akcfield, Mich. Beatrice McBride 115 Poplar St., W ashington, Ind. Helen I Miller 514 Newton Avenue NW ., Canton, Ohio Marv E Moore 1-30 Thirtv-fif th St., Newport News, Va. Ethel F. O ' Connor ' . 22 Union St., Manchester, N H. Anna F. O ' Donnell 168 Pearl St., Ho yoke, Mas.s. Eleanor L. Palmer Silver Sprmg, Md. Grace Virginia Perry Ck r Spring, Md. Frances A. Quinn Waterford. Wis. 1923 r 140 ■ I- Pi.€ n. Lucille K. Rhoades New Vienna. Ohio Lillian W Rohange Newport R L Margaret E. Sundby : •; ■,••.•■■ c ' ' .p " ' " " ' ' ' y " ' Lillian A. Tournaud 11.-- Oak St., South Manchester. Conn lulu K Wolf - " " South 1-ront St.. Milton. Pa. lUizel Cur.nne ' Vouuy ,■.■.■,■.■.■. ' .■.■.■.■.■.■.■ .■. ' .■ - 025 Odrasset St., Boston. Mass. CLASS OF 1925 Emma Adkins : • ■ • •,■ ■•■;■■ ■ • -y ' f " " ' a. Sadie R. Adkuis ll« St SahshuryMd. Prudence Ander.son C.larkhcld. Mum Mar a Berens Rumelange. Luxembourg I aura Black . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . ' . D witt. Mich. Susan Books an Antonio. 1 ex. Helen T. Carey " Ji F ' irst St. N V., W ashington. D, C. Uorothv M. Conde 1 " - University Place. Schenectady, N. . Bessie ' Da - 1 106 South Eighth St.. Laramie, ' y.i. Dorothv M. Frost Poughkeepsic. N. Y. Katliarine Cockrell Hall Naval Observatory. W ashmgtou. D C. Mrs. Marie Kite Purcellville, Va. Mary Ellen Howe Uanville, I ' a. Anni Cornelia Howell ' ™ " =i ' |f ' ' - Margaret lordan Rappahannock Academy. V a. Mallei Kennedy ' - ' ■ ' - ' " ' ' - ' - • ' ult Stc. Mane, Ontario i.iechen Kuehn 210 North Seminole Circle. Fort Wayne, Ind. Phyllis Lauriat Sullivan ' s Island, S. C. Marion L. Li-e 76 Grove St.. South Barrington, Mass. ICIise LeMens 642 Ward Place. Portsmouth, V ' a. !{uth M. McGlothiin kavenswood. W. ' a. Eileanor Warren Merrill ll)«3 Washington St.. North Ahmgton, Mass. Mary F Mitchell - " H Jefferson St. KV ., Washington, D. L. Leib Mor, ' an ■ .Vienna Ga. Martlia Nowinski 275 Bridge St., Appleton, Vis. Portia Pearce 2032 Glynn Court. Detroit, Mich. Gertrude P Pendleton 1710 Rhode Lsland Aw., Washington, D. C. Esther Ransom Annandale, Minn. I ' lla R. Reed Lisbon, Ohio leannette Everett Robinson 004!:. South W ebster . " st., Decatur, III. Marv A. Steelier Montverde Fla. Esther A. Stephens 21.? Planners A]it., Leaven.vorth, Kans. 1 ' rlsc 11a (T Vmctrtit • ■ ■ K ' o. W ' - Helen M Walk 2.S7 St.. Columbia, Pa. Gertrude Wilson I.yndhurst, Va. M -rm.l Wonser I rantnn. W i.. CLASS OF 1920, FIRST DIVISION Ruth S. lUjyd ?Li est First St.. L)ayton. Ohio Anna V. Corder 609 G St. SW.. Washington, D. C. Marion L. Harms Scio, N. Y. Helen ' . hilinson -- Huntington Ave.. Worcester. Mass. 1 renc A. Lan.gevin Hope St.. Springdale. Conn. Catherine N. Peiiper hVanklin, Tenn. Kditli Robin 360.3 Tenth St. N ' W.. Wa hmgton. D. C. Helen Roliange Newiiort, K. 1. Lois H. Sears NeillsviUe, W is. Lillian A. Stetcher Montverde. Ma. Kaehel G. Wilson Lyndluirst, Va. 1023 I HI I A6n rmp Retool of Jtursiins iletterman (General osipital an Jfrandsico, California CLASS OF 1924 C;ipiti)Ia AiKkTsdii 4421 Fiftet-ntli St. X. ' ., WashinK ' ton, D. (_ ' . Aiiniu r.iink.s 2- ' l-inares Ave, San Antonio. Tex. iviiMinr CuhcT- I ' ri-.-iidio of Monterey, Calil " . Olivia Hun,Mn ;er 1441 Seventieth Ave.. Oakland, Calif. •Ihankful M. I ' iekeriiiK • PreM-ott, Wa. h. Katherine Randall Wolf Point, Mont. l- ' .dna Sunnuer ' all)arai l, Ind I aVinia ' arnnni 21,S5 l,inie, i.oni; lieach, Calif. Xiar.eiierila Zaidivar San Salvador. Kl Salvador, C. .A. l :illa Whileford .SO? Bush St., San Franci. ' co, Calif. CLASS OF 1925 Thehna ISranl 1 l. fi Del Monte Ave.. Monterey. I ' alif. W ' ihna Howell . .i.i Kins; Albert P.oidevard, Santa Harliara. Calif. draee Knowlton Lake Mills. Wis. l-.dna Livingston South Taeonia, Wash. Dorothy Livingstou South Tacoma, Wash. lieatrice Crosbyton, Texas Loretta .Meliride iiisH Washin.uton ISonlevard, St. Louis, Mo. Alline Tlionipson l la. Ca. CLASS OF 1926 . ' Kgnes Davi., b()2 West Sixth St.. To|)eka. Kans. iolct Mareo l!ox 9, 8. Tonoi ali. Nev. Helen Tod MoiuU ' ' (i.s ( learv St.. San Francisco, Calif. Frieda Stromber}.; 1714 .Manieda Ave., .Mameihi. Calif. Frances I ' ieider Camp Lewi s. Wash. 1923 I 142 I aan utograpfjs! 1 1 - 1923 - [ 143 1 ' asn. utograpfjs 1923 I 144 1 i ' .yAtl R REED GENERAL HOSPITAL TAKOMA PARK. D, C, WAR DEPABTMEHT OFFICE OF THE SURGEON GENERAL Yfith the approval of ' the .5epr«- tary of War the within named civ ilian employee pf the Medioal De- partment is discharged frois the service effective October !- 192 . Mo travel involved. ' T: , » Leave grantal%8 ' discharg« ' 30 Days - exclusive of Sundays and legal holidays- Aug. 27 to Oct " . 1, 1924, Increase of salary from flSO to $300 due to retfiassification of civilian employees effective July 1, 1924. Miss lo e da Fzanoe, Student Nurse, Medical Department, U.S.Arn5r joined this hospital Oct. 5, 1921 ft om her home Kalamazoo, Michigan Oot Hinr 18 iqr:4.for. assignment to duty, per Isttar October IB, -ly . g 29...152X. :; Walter I» . u GW=r -.- ' Eospitsfl- I. «fii. PaJf ' IesJusIp „_,.,. jjajj,.gl_ _ IT; Jerome Clarke Ha J. .|p. } zz ■ .i;Takornn,yfirl2j D. A " ? S « - -? .. W - ■ ■ ■ ■ ■:■ " y Last Pairt ' tolnclw ff; Oot .5_-: 1 2 1.,10 gY. Jerome ' Glark, Capt. 3) ' . ' r .. ' - ' ■ ' " ' ■ - t rVacQinated against itoall; pox i Oct 6, 23; aai ' oO, 1921. guccessful Ijrphbid .vaccine aoministered dct.6. Id,, and 23, 1921.. - " l : , . WaU Beed-Gsn. ' Hospifcal . Prom sick in hospital " to present for duty Feb. 16, 1922. Diagnosis: Tonsillitis, acute, ulearative, right. LOD. . .. ' Last Paid to include. „?fA _?? - ? 19 J Jferom Claafc Ma . FD Prom present for duty to sick in hospital Marcli 16, 1922. Pinal pay voucher to and In- ■ , r ,- " ;__ ■ , oludins; October 1, 1924 certified, Laetf aid. to-molucle:_.:« 0»f, 49 54.. i gijf, Jarame Clark, Cfi t. Fl) r By order of The Surgeon General; ' . ' f _ Increase in compensation granted J9 : effective Feb. 6, 19 22,. per letter i W 3G0 datad March 20, 1922, ■ t . ■ ■p From sick in ho spits}, to present - -i for duty March 22, 1922: Diagnosirs Mtomciude " r o- 31 21 j c Tonsillitis, chronic, follicular, .w,««. i; " " «or ,.n -4 unilateral, right. ' .Tonsillecton r. C. C. Whitoomb, Lieut.Colonel, Medical Corps ssistant. . J-arome Cla tfc , KaJ . FD ' r- TTi present fbr duty tofslefc in -h-so-ital Feb. 6 2 2. unilateral right. LOD. -.« -sT -f iepen: ad a a rof aitirrly fwrol 1 ed ' ai t» iDCludeMari2b.;5l SL2 mambaT ' ' !-!f tHfi " . ' ,1-rmr ' .n ' hortT nrf TJung-. ' 3Y; JerpniQ Clark, Ma,j . ifS CLA Cti -u ' Mu f menber of th-e .i;rrr5 ' School, of .JTur g- ir ; , -. -n9r letp rr-yT ' - -J O.. dated " Peb. «i ' ft. •5..T Iv x ive Officer. J3 ' ' 7 ' -Lft8t Paid toinolwJe I . _?? - -? — by- Jerome Clark, Maj. PD IG da France, lone deP ranoe WALTER REED GENERAL HOSPITAL, TakOma Pahk, O. c. L t Paid to includa ' . L?-L???-„.18 BY; Jerome Clark, Ma.1 . FD Last, Paid to includa 18 gy. Jercme Claik, MaJ. F ?rom present for duty to leave of absence with pay for 16 days, and without pay for 14 days, from July 1 " ? to Aug. 15, 1922 incl., per pair. 4, 30 171 these Hq. dated July 14, 1922. Prom leave of absence as grante above, to present for duty, 1922. ProE present for duty to Indef- inite leave of absence without pay, Aug.16, 1822, granted for the purpose of attending a course f of instruction at the aladelphia | General %spital, Phila. , I ., i per letter WDSGO dated Aue. 11 1922. ' i ifaMto.lnclude.iLuly_3_l J 2 ' jKl eo. i, ' ' ewell, i4aj, FD lUat Paid to include ..Aug. __15_ g ■ J Geo. . Hewell, Maj, FD - .- . R.T.MOREIS iit i lnr. Executive ' Officer ■-« ' U: -- ' : ' ranca -J- UsllMi .M m}- •1 im mmmimwm:-- ' ' .VHlter Seed G-ener ' 1 " -osp . ■ ' ashirif ' ton, D. C. Fi-om indefinite le ' ve of " bsersce PS grnnted per Previous indorse- ment, to Dresent for d ' Jttv April • ' " ' ' ' ' ' ' • APRS 0 923 LA8t Pairt t,o include BY; Geo, K. Newell, F.O. Granted leave of absence with pay for two (2) dPys, from June -2 to S, 1923 incl., per par. 5, ' .SO 131 these Hq, aated Meiy 31 1923. ... ' ' ® ' « ws Anny Medical Center iSfelter Reed General Hospital Wakhlnpton, D. C. La«t fwJd to fciiudi BY, A 4y3i Geo.M.Sewell,?.o» iii. ® " Seo.M.Uewell, P.O. t it Pfcid to kHaaete July .31 25... H BT: Geo. M, Hewell, F.O. BT| Geo. M. Newel}, F.O. ft. id by voucher tu oover period Sept.l-23 2S by Geo. M. Newell, F.O Gr« nted indefinite leave of absent •sfithout pay, Sept .24, 1923, for the; purpose of attending the ooiirse of instruction in the Henry Street Settlement, " eiw Yoric City, per ,, letter, WDSGO dated Sept. 17 23. deli ' Eince Lifition ae noted per previous indorsement, completed Feb ,3, 1924. Granted indefinite lepve without pay, Feb .4, 1924, for the p-irpose of attending- the course of ' in- struotion St trie St. Elizabeths Hospital, Wesh. D. C, per letter TifDSGO dated Jan. 17, 1924. From indefinite leave as granted above, to present for duty April 1, 1924. .. -,. ' . y t Paid to iacluife ....APR. . ..O.l a ' ' i;Yi G-eo. M. woY ell, F.O. MAY " 1 1QH Last Paid to include. ■ " " ' ' ' ' BYs 1st Lt. S.F.Sea, PD ' l-r-i f iirttcioclude JJJ.N .3,0J924 BY; J- ' t J- " ' :J.F.xcea, ?J JUL 31 1924 Lrftet Paid to include . i InorsaPe dUs " to r8ciasp{i?ication I Act of ' " r rch 4, 1923, $300 pgr i armun, sfractiYo July 1, 1324, Last paid as noted obcjve. 5 Loaves of absence g;-anted at this | post: I 16 aaj ' B -iTithpay, Jvdy 17 ug.l 22 | 14 days -:rithout paj, Aug;.2-ir 22 | 2 da B isrith pay, June 2-5 23 | deFrance, lone. acf-s- ,. w». : --:g rm ! kr-iy Heiiical Center Walter rReed Qensr ' al Eo ital Lel ' t this liospital ytist 26, •-19 24 J to proc©e€ ' to h®T hoas ' for tlpol-arge frorf: tine iV?-3r STihool of Irarsisig, per 2M Tnd., letter, W Ks dated Juljr 30, 1924 ' - " Course of instruction ccs jlstBi iu-ust 26, 19::4:. - •_ . y- ■• C .• £1-. yfelson licecutivs Cfficsr. ,A® Pj:9,aC-Q.j|.,- « lono. mnon --■ WAR DEPARUreriT Office of the Surgeon General ' ' ■ Washington October 6 1921. AUTH. NO. J»«=. ' ■ " ■■ " ' • mm THE APPROVAL OF THE SECRFTaRY OF WAR lONE de FEAIICE of WASHINGTON D C is hereby appointed Student Murse in the Medical Departnent of he Army, at ,U5 a mon h except as hereinbelow otker-p ' provided, and will enter upon her duties after having taken the oath of of f: oe prescribed by section 1757 of the Revised Statutes of the United States. .:.. ' f -i - ■ She V7ill be furnished lodgings at the hospital where serving and tKe coinmanding officer i ill receive one ration a day in her behalf and provide her with proper meals. Her apparel soiled while on public duty will be laundered as a part of the hospital laundry. %?% ' She will receive transportation, and .?4 a day in lieu of actual traveling expenses when traveling under orders between sta tions of duty . She will be provided w5 th suitable Icdgings and subsistence at the cost of the ISiited States whila detained under orders at a port of em- barkation awaiting transportation, M.W.Ireland,„ „ „ Surgeon General, U.S. Army, Edwin P. Tvolfe, ' .? -- " INSIRUCTIOMS Colonel, Medical Corps, U.S. A. All pay allowed under paragraph one of this appointment will be charged to the appropriation " Medical and Hospital fiepf.rtnent, " vouchered on Form 334 or 335 and noted on the back of this appointment. Vouchers for per diem in lieu of traveling expenses are paid bv the Quartermaster Corps. This appointment is for a probationary period of not to exceed six months. Retention in the service after the prc-bationary period will be equiva- lent to final appointment, and no additional oath will be required. Oath of office executed: October 5, 1921.

Suggestions in the US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC) collection:

US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1921 Edition, Page 1


US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1925 Edition, Page 1


US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1926 Edition, Page 1


US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1927 Edition, Page 1


US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1929 Edition, Page 1


US Army School of Nursing - Taps Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1930 Edition, Page 1


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