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[i ft (JSS Tarawa (LHA-1) f " Eagle of the Sea ■ i Western Pacific Deployment 1989 ltibffift l M4ttM USS Tarawa (LHA-1) " Eagle of the Sea Western Pacific Deployment 1989 T Q USS Tarawa (LHA-1) " Eagle of the Sea " J J Western Pacific Deployment 1989 b n 1 f The Command 1 I Commanding Officer 6 Executive Officer 8 e e Command Master Chief 9 AIMD Air 42 58 Chaplain 72 Combat Cargo 74 n Combat Systems 76 Communications 88 o Deck Dental 114 124 JL Engineering 128 r T Executive 162 L %r MARCOMMDET 168 T Medical 170 JL Navigation 202 s Operations 208 Safety 228 Security 230 Supply 250 Table of Contents Page 2 Ports of Call Ifesan, South Korea 3ibic Bay, Republic of the Philippines Ittaya Beach, Thailand sebo, Japan ang Kong arl Harbor, Hawaii Potpourri jparture iA-l ' s History A-40 ' s History ttle of Tarawa ttle of Tarawa Timeline larine Expeditionary Unit rnphibious Squadron One ' ictical Air Squadron 12 ;sault Craft Unit One e Exercises ihind the Red Curtain ipboard Evolutions el Beach iditional personnel iditions to the team iips in company gers omecoming Table of Contents Page 3 Departure. . right: Sailors and marines man the rails. right: Strong emotions are visible in all who wait. Departure Page 4 left: Many gaze and ponder the coming months apart. Departure Page 5 left: Stoical stares still link these men to their loved ones. left: One marine gets a final kiss. Departure Page 6 left: BM3 Sherrod and his wife are both lost in thought. left: Looking shipshape, Tarawa begins the first leg of the journey. Departure Page 7 right: Capt. Fladd announcing the latest football scores. right: Cmdr. Almy and Capt. Fladd enjoying their gift. ommanding Officer Page 8 I Captain Wirt R. Fladd Commanding Officer Captain Wirt R. Fladd was born in ochester, New York, the son of Mr. jid Mrs. Harold J. Fladd. Upon aduation in 1963 from the Univer- ty of Rochester, he entered Officer andidate School at Newport, Rhode land and was commissioned an En- gn in February 1964. Captain Fladd ' s afloat duties have icluded junior officer tours aboard Le USS Lenawee (APA 195), USS [etcher (DD 445), and USS Taylor )D 468). He was Executive Officer : USS Vancouver (LPD 2), and has ;rved as Commanding Officer of SS Floyd County (LST 762), USS Tacoma (PG 92), USS Beaufort (ATS 2), and USS Frederick (LST 1184). Ad- ditionally, he was Chief Staff Officer at Amphibious Squadron Three. He reported for duty as Commanding Officer, USS Tarawa (LHA 1) in March 1989 following a tour as Com- manding Officer of USS Denver (LPD 9). Captain Fladd ' s shore duties have included assignments as Flag Secre- tary to Commander, Western Sea Frontier, student at the U.S. Naval War College, and two tours at the Naval Militay Personnel Command, first as the Combat Logistics Force Placement Officer and most recently as Deputy to the Director, Surface Warfare and General Unrestricted Line Officer Distribution Division. Captain Fladd has been awarded the Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Bronze Star with Combat V, Merito- rious Service Medal and the Navy Commendation Medal with Combat V. Captain Fladd is married to the former Valerie Valsey of Rochester, New York. They have two daughters, Cara and Jennifer. The Fladd ' s reside at the Naval Amphibious Base, Coro- nado, California. -,£3 Commander lideon W. Almy III Executive Officer Page 10 Master Chief Petty Officer Earl W. Brandon Jr. Command Master Chief CMC Page 11 USS Tarawa (LHA 1) " Eagle of the Sea " Combining the functions and payloads of four amphibious force ships, Tarawa carries helicopters, Harrier jets, landing craft, tanks, jeeps, cargo and troops giving it al- most a single-handed capability to conduct landing force operations. In addition to its full-length flight deck, which can handle nine helicop- ters at the same time, Tarawa has a large well deck in its stern that en- ables it to dock landing craft, includ ing the new Landing Craft Air Cush ion (LCAC), within its hull. Trucks, jeeps, tanks or cargo can be delivered from storage areas via a system of inclined ramps, elevators and con veyors to landing craft in the well deck or to helicopters on the flight deck. Tarawa ' s extensive electronics and communications systems give task force commanders a high degree of versatility in conducting an assault operation. The heart of Tarawa ' s electronics is the Integrated Tactical Amphibious Warfare Data computer system, which not only keeps track of the landing force after it leaves thel ship, but also tracks enemy targets ashore. With current information, the tac- tical data system can aim and fire the ship ' s guns and missiles or direct fire from other ships. It can also main- tain air and surface traffic control not only for Tarawa ' s jets, helicopters and landing craft, but for combat airs patrol and task force supply ships as well. LHA 1 Page 12 HMJra sstwtai i of Tinxi kJTxI mom r keeps tni tit leaves! -.- M - ; -:. ' ;:f- sorliectfii In an area of political unrest or fil strife, Tarawa ' s helicopters pro- ie a unique capability for assisting the rapid evacuation and protec- un of American citizens. The late Fleet Admiral Chester W. mitz once said, " The U.S. Navy ' s ands of mercy have saved more j ' es than its guns ever destroyed. " irawa is better suited to that task an any other ship afloat. Whether is a typhoon in Southeast Asia, an rthquake or a hurricane at home, irawa can provide food, clothing, elter, medical care, communica- uns and transportation for disaster ctims. Major medical facilities oard include four operating rooms, tensive care units, a blood bank, oratories and wards for up to 300 iitients. above: The " Eagle of the Sea " conducting a training exercise, top - opp. page: Tarawa maneuvering to evade a storm, bottom - opp. page: The 1 LHA conducting " blue water ops. LHA 1 Page 13 USS Tarawa She served many roles Tarawa ' s keel was laid down on March 1, 1944 at the Norfolk Naval Shipyard. It was launched in the Eli- zabeth River on May 12, 1945. Tarawa measured 856 ft in length and when fully loaded displaced over 34,000 tons. Tarawa carried 80 planes and was equipped to launch and land the first developed jet-propelled air- craft. It remained in the Norfolk area until February 1946. For the first half of 1946, Tarawa completed its post-shakedown over- haul. On June 28, it headed west through the Panama Canal and ar- rived at its new home in San Diego n..: above: USS Tarawa (CVS-40) making a high speed run off the coast of Guatanamo Bay, Cuba. CVA-40 Page 14 ? 1 1915 •ft in " • ' :-: Norfolk, ■■- u ' -::: J •eiaf c July 15. Tarawa then deployed to t : Western Pacific Ocean, taking it t Pearl Harbor, Saipan, Yokosuka, E ;ebo and Okinawa. It also operated € :ensively in the vicinity of the I irianas Islands. After more than 16 months of op- e itions outside of the San Diego a :a, Tarawa conducted a world c use on September 28, 1948. The r in-o-war made port calls in Pearl I irbor, Tsingtao, China, Hong 1 ng, Singapore, Republic of Cey- 1 , Bahrain, Jidda, Greece, Turkey, ( ete, and then headed west through t ; Mediterranean Sea and Atlantic Ocean. Its voyage ended at the Nor- folk Naval Shipyard on February 21, 1949. On June 30, 1949 Tarawa was placed out of commission and was berthed with the New York Group, Atlantic Reserve Fleet. On October 1, 1952 Tarawa was reactivated from its brief 18 month retirement in response to the Korean War. It was redesignated as an attack aircraft carrier (CVA-40), but never was called to the battlefront. It served as a replacement for the 6th and 2nd fleet carriers who were dispatched to the war zone. In December 1954, it entered Bos- ton Naval Shipyard for repair work. While in the shipyard, it was con- verted to an antisubmarine warfare (ASW) aircraft carrier. In January 1955, Tarawa was redesignated as CVS-40. For the remainder of its ca- reer it served the Second Fleet by conducting barrier patrols against the growing Soviet submarine fleet. Tarawa was decommissioned and placed in reserve in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, where it remained un- til the late 1960 ' s. On October 3rd, 1968, it was sold to the Boston Metals Corporation for scrapping. above: An aerial view of USS Tarawa (CV-40) underway north of the straits of Messina, Sicily. left: USS Tarawa (CVA-40) conducing exercises with Navy blimp XZSG-4 in the Atlantic Ocean. CVA-40 Page 15 The story of one of the bloodiest battles. Before November 20, 1943, the name of TARAWA was known to only a few. Three days later that name, and the name of Betio beach- head, went around the world like the flash from an exploding shell. Today those names stand for the first sea-borne assault on a de- fended atoll. They will continue to endure as monuments of unsurpassed hero- ism of the reinforced Second Divi- sion of the United States Marine Corps. For two dragging weeks the crowded transports had been zig- zagging through the blue waters of the South Pacific, and for the Ma- rines aboard it had been two weeks of weary monotony. They were headed for one of the bloodiest bat- tles in Marine Corps history, but they did not know that then. They did not even know where they were going. At the end of these two weeks, on November 14, 1943, they found out. " Tarawa " . . . The Marines rolled the strange name off their tongues and repeated it to one another. In their wildest speculations, none had ever said the name Tarawa. Six days later the first assault Battle of Tarawa Page 16 was landed. Nine days later the bloody battle was history. Betio beachhead lies at Tarawa ' s southwestern end. It is somewhat smaller than New York City ' s Cen- tral Park. With a length of two and a half miles and only 800 yards across at its widest point. Over a period of 15 months the Japanese did a sound job of perfect- ing their defenses for the Gilberts, and the heart of their efforts was little Betio. The pillboxes for the automatic weapons, and even the ri- flemen ' s pits, were scientifically constructed to withstand heavy bombardment. Guarded by these defenses was a landing field that gave the Japanese a position nearest to our travel routes from San Fran- cisco to Hawaii and Australia. It was our first major obstruction on the road to Tokyo. In addition to Japanese-made defenses, there was a treacherous coral reef, and the tides. Three months before D-Day, a guard detail was posted before the door of a room on the third floor of the musty old Windsor Hotel in Wellington, New Zealand, where the Second Division made its head- quarters. This room was called " K Room. " Admirals, generals, colo- nels and naval captains came to this room. Fresh data stamped " Secret " and " Ultra Secret " piled up on the desks in K Room. The task confronting these men was peculiarly difficult. For the first time in military history, a strongly defended coral atoll was to be stormed and taken from the enemy. It was a case of precedents having to be created, not followed. Previously, American troops landed on the least strongly held areas on the large land masses. This could not be done at Tarawa. The maps of K Room in the old Windsor Hotel showed every installation the Japanese had built. This was the first problem to be solved. Next was the problem of the reefs. The information as to the depth of water over the reefs was in- conclusive. General Smith and his staff did know that part of the reef was exposed at low tide. Their re- ports told them that during the peri- od of neap tide, a maximum of three feet or less of water, even at high tide might be experienced. So they could not be sure that even at high tide they could get landing boats to the beach. Even with the best breaks there would not be much time to bring the landing force ashore. The span of high tide was only four hours. There were other factors which they knew added to the natural bar- rier of the reef. These were underwat- er o bstacles which the enemy had built, which were certain to stymie the ordinary landing boat. General Smith and his staff considered the amphibious tractor as a possible an- swer. Before committing himself to such a plan, General Smith decided to test them. Every conceivable un- derwater obstacle was erected, and live ammunition was fired at the " amphibs " as they moved through and over obstacles to the beach. The results of this rehearsal satisfied him that amphibian tractors could cross fringing coral reefs and that medium tanks could be disembarked from LCTs on the edge of such a reef. When morning came, the first day of November 1943, the landing craft moved to sea. On the morning of D-Day, troop officers read this message, from Gen- eral Smith, to their men: " A great offensive to destroy the enemy in the Pacific has begun. American air, sea and land forces, of which this divi- sion is a part, initiate this offensive by seizing Japanese atolls in the Gil- bert Islands whi ch will be used as bases for future operations. " The Battle of Tarawa " The task assigned to us is to cap- ture the atolls of Tarawa and Ape- mama. Army units of our Fifth Am- phibious Corps are simultaneously attacking Makin, 150 miles to the north of Tarawa. Early this morning combatant ships of our Navy bombarded Tarawa. Our navy screens our oper- ations and will support our attack tomorrow morning with the greatest concentration of aerial bombardment and naval gunfire in the history of warfare. It will remain with us until our objective is secured and our defenses are established. Garrison forces are already enroute to relieve us as soon as we have completed our job of clearing our objectives of Japanese forces. " " I know that you are well trained and fit for the tasks assigned to you. . . . You will decisively defeat and destroy the treacherous enemies of our country; your success will add new laurels to the glorious tradition of our Corps. Good luck, and God bless you all. " Battle of Tarawa Page 17 Battle of Tarawa Timeline. . . Saturday, November 20, 1943 3:45 a.m.: D-Day. The transports, several miles off Tarawa and its coral reefs waited in darkness. There was a quarter moon, the sky emptying it- self of stars. Over the transports sounded the piping of bosun ' s whis- tles and the whines of winches as the landing boats were lowered over the side for their load of men. 4:41 a.m.: Tension was beginning to build up on our side and among the Japanese. It broke with them first. From the long black fringe of the islet came a burst, a red star clus- ter. Our warships loomed through the darkness, moving in closer, their guns trained on Japanese positions. 5:07 a.m.: Daylight was coming. Suddenly the Japanese opened up with their big coastal batteries. The firing was close. Casualties were claimed among the boat crews. 5:12 a.m.: The flagship pointed her bow beachward and, supported by two of her sister ships, let go a salvo from her 16-inch guns. The Japan- ese ' s 8-inchers were silenced. They had been in action 20 minutes. The flagship had been in Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Many of her crew had been survivors of that day. 6:13 a.m.: The aerial bombard- ment began. It was not haphazard destruction, for their bombs found home. The first phase was swift and brief. It lasted nine minutes. 6:58 a.m.: The Navy was having its day. The task force ceased " sched- uled firing " and began to silence in- dividual batteries at their own discre- tion. 8:22 a.m.: The first assault waves left the " Line of Departure " on their journey to the reef - their journey to hell. The Japanese guns were omi- nously silent. The amphibious trac- tors moved stoically toward the reef. Timeline Page 18 Fire from the Japanese coastal guns were intermittent at first. The deluge of steel from the bombard- ment had shocked and dazed the de- fenders. The amphibious tractors in the first three assault waves therefore managed to lumber over the reef and reach the beach with relatively few casualties. 9:10 a.m.: Second Battalion, 8th Marine Regiment landed. Half an hour later the commanding officer messaged: " Heavy opposition. " 9:12 a.m.: Second Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment landed. Shortly the commanding officer messaged: " Meeting heavy resistance. " 9:17 a.m.: Third Battalion, 2nd Marine Regiment landed. The com- manding officer messaged, " Troops receiving heavy fire in water. " Later, after the action opened, the wounded began to move back to the transports. Men risked their lives to swim to their wounded buddies and drag them back to the boats. Many of these became casualties themselves. The first of the landing craft took off for their return to the transports loaded down with the wounded. On this tragic journey, they carried boys who 30 minutes earlier had been among the finest physical specimens in the country. 10:45 a.m.: The commanding offi- cer of the 8th Marine Regiment re- ported: " Stiff resistance. Need half tracks. Tanks no good. " 11:05 a.m.: The Third Battalion operations reported: " Heavy casuali- tie«. " 12:03 p.m.: The carrier-based planes roared in. 1:00 p.m.: The bodies of two ma- rines and a Navy doctor were found in a gashed tractor. The shell that killed them also wounded 10 other men. In the blazing sun, Marines and bluejackets removed their steel hel- mets. " We are in the presence of the last great enemy, Death. " Almost ar echo, strident through the loud- speaker on the bridge, came the re port: " The issue is in doubt. " 1:45 p.m.: Colonel Shoup receivec this message: " Reserve teams unabl to land. Heavy enemy fire. Is then another beach where we can land? " 4:11 p.m.: All planes in the ail were ordered to expend every rounc of ammunition before leaving thi area. 4:45 p.m.: The Sixth Marine Regi ment was released. This was all tha was left of the available manpower 5:20 p.m.: General Smith receivec the first fragmentary casualty re ports; they were bad. 10:00 p.m.: Colonel Shouj summed up D-Day in this report tc General Smith " Have dug in to hole limited beachhead. " Sunday, November 21, 1943 All through the night and into the early morning hours of Novembe 21st, boats held back from the Line ol Departure tried to run the gauntlet tc the beach. Transports were bein converted into hospital ships due tj the mounting casualties. Marines on top of the pier weathered heavy en emy shelling as they struggled tc bring ammunition ashore. The infer no lighting up the shore preventec any chance of secrecy. 2:00 a.m.: Firing from behind was discovered coming from the wreckec hull of a Japanese tramp steamer on the reefs off Beach Red 2. The Task Force promised: " Will bomb at day- light. " 8:23 a.m.: Colonel Shoup to Gen- eral Smith: " Urgently request ration d small arms ammunitions landed the beach. " 10:50 a.m.: The Third Battalion of ie 2nd Regiment reported it was nned down. They wanted dive- Dmbers, they wanted tanks. Both quests were fulfilled. 12:00 p.m.: The tide was begin- ng to turn, reports indicated nu- erous Japanese soldiers were com- mitting hari-kari. uesday, November 23, 1943 1:00 p.m.: Casualties were again ?avy. Medium tanks had to be dis- itched to replace light tanks in neu- alizing pillboxes. 3:30 p.m.: " B Medical land on liriki, establish field hospital as on as possible. A and C Medical nd Beach Red 2 as soon as possible, ing morphine, plasma, dressings id stretchers. " Before digging in for the night the tmpanies re-formed and moved to defensive positions. The sky deepened from rich pur- e to blackness. The first stars be- in to shine. Silence settled, dis- irbed only by faint scuffing of tovels as the men went on digging leir foxholes. Then — " Banzai! " Blood for the Emperor! Two words went through the line: Stand Fast. " The first Japanese counter-attacks sted an hour. The Japanese leaped from their holes and charged, run- ning like possessed demons, waving sabers, tossing hand grenades, firing light machine guns from the hip, charging with fixed bayonets. With knives, bayonets, rifle butts, the marines fought them back. They were repulsed, but not before open- ing a gap between A and B compan- ies of the Sixth. Our wounded could not be moved. Men opened their first aid kits, ban- daged their buddies in the darkness and gave them water from their can- teens. Non-commissioned officers moved among the men, shaking them, warning them to stay awake. 11:00 p.m.: The Japanese attempt- ed to create a diversion. A few min- utes later they charged as before, screaming " Banzai! " The Marines stopped the charge and threw the Japanese back. 4:00 a.m.: The Japanese launched their final and most desperate attack. It was now or never. A few Japanese were naked and armed only with knives. For an hour, hand-to-hand fighting went on. Men gave their lives to save their buddies. 5:00 a.m.: The counter-attack end- ed. The stars fading. It ' s all over, we stopped them. Stretcher bearers were sent to gather the wounded. Navy corpsman bandaged, ap- plied tourniquets, injected morphine, lit cigarettes and stuck them between cracked lips and said, " You ' ll be all right, kid. " Soon after, the First Bat- talion of the Eighth succeeded in cleaning out the last remnant of re- sistance on Beach Red 1. 1:12 p.m.: General Smith had the announcement carried by field tele- phone to all units on the islet and by radio to the ships of the task force that the battle of Betio was over. Wednesday, November 24, 1943 The assault troops began leaving Betio. It was a slow business. They were leaving many comrades behind, in shallow graves, still lying face down in the waters of the lagoon, lying along the battered beaches, hanging on brutal wire. They did not talk much, these men who had done the impossible. There were no longer any boys among them, only " bloody, bandaged heroes. " Timeline Page 19 Colonel Frank Libutti Leader of 2,400 combat-ready marines! Colonel Frank Libutti is a native of Huntington, Long Island and is a graduate of the Citadel, Class of 1966. He entered the Marine Corps Officer Candidate Program in August 1966 and was commissioned a Second Lieutenant in October of that year. Following graduation from the Basic School in March 1967, Lieuten- ant Libutti was assigned to duty with 1st. Battalion, 9th Marines in Viet- nam, where he served as an Infantry Platoon Commander. In 1968, Lieutenant Libutti re- turned to Quantico, Virginia for duty at Officer Candidate School (OCS). During his tour at OCS, he served consecutively as the Chief Instructor, Tactics Section; Commanding Offi- cer, Candidate Company; and the Head of the Academic Section. Lieu- tenant Libutti was promoted to Cap- tain in November 1969. Upon com- pletion of his duties at OCS, Captain Libutti attended the Amphibious Warfare School (AWS). In 1972, upon completion of AWS, Captain Libutti was transferred to Amphibious f uyT 1 4 jfM . ■fi Hr ' i: _J£s " % ' t; _ m H1 :|k ' _, JrHk flrir ■ M.E.U. Page 20 Squadron Three in San Diego, Cali- fornia for duty as the Squadron Com- bat Cargo Officer. Upon completion of a two year tour in San Diego, Cap- tain Libutti was transferred to 1st. Battalion, 2nd Marines, 2nd Marine Division, Camp Lejeune, North Carolina. He served there as an In- fantry Company Commander for 14 months, followed by staff positions at the Battalion Headquarters serving as the Logistics Officer and later as the Operations Officer. Captain Libutti was promoted to the rank of Major in May 1977, and was reassigned as the Executive Offi- cer, Marine Barracks, Naples, Italy through June 1980. In August 1980, Major Libutti at- tended Command and Staff College, Quantico, Virginia, and upon gradu- ation was assigned to Headquarters Marine Corps for duty as the Head of the Career Management Section, Manpower Department. In May 1982, Major Libutti was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel and reassigned as the Assis- tant Secretary of the General Staff for the Office of the Assistant Comman- dant Chief of Staff, where he served through May 1983. In June 1983, bt%fe, WL-utenant Colonel Libutti was reas- sined as the Senior Marine Aide to UJBlAottU 1 ' 1 Commandant of the Marine JSrfCollef C rps. jj-apadt In August 1985, Lieutenant Colo- ■ Hodquarter n Libutti attended the National IMsfcHeadr Var College in Washington, D.C. Ldt Sector l ' on completion in June 1986, he v s assigned as the Executive Offi- iar Libutti « cr lst Marines, 1st Division, Camp iJliwtflur Fndleton, California. In January ... 1 37, Lieutenant Colonel Libutti was -jjafffc f issigned as the Commanding Offi- ' , r r c of 1st Reconnaissance Battalion, ■„. ., u v iere he remained in command un- t October 1987. In October 1987, Lieutenant Colonel Libutti was as- signed as the Commanding Officer, Contingency MAGTF 1-88, and was promoted to his current rank of Colonel. In May 1988, Colonel Li- butti served as the Assistant Chief of Staff, G-2, 1st Marine Division. Colonel Libutti assumed com- mand of the 11th Marine Expedition- ary Unit in August 1988. Colonel Libutti ' s personal decora- tions include the Silver Star Medal, the Legion of Merit Medal, the Navy Commendation Medal, the Purple Heart Medal with two bronze stars and the Combat Action Ribbon. left: Sgt. Maj. Barreol proposes a plan of action to Col. Libutti. M.E.U. Page 21 M.E.U. Page 22 Our Most Powerful Weapons The Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is the smallest of the Marine Air-Ground Task Forces (MAGTFs). With its strength of about 2,400 men, the MEU is normally built around a reinforced infantry battalion and a composite aircraft squadron, sup- ported by a MEU service support group. Usually commanded by a colonel, the MEU is employed to fulfill rou- tine forward deployments with fleets in the Mediterranean, the Western Pacific and, periodically, the Atlantic and Indian Oceans. It is normally de- ployed aboard up to five amphibious ships. The Ground Combat Element (GCE) is the Battalion Landing Team (BLT), an infantry battalion rein- forced with artillery, tanks, amphib- ian tractors, reconnaissance and oth- er units as its mission and circum- stances may require. The Aviation Combat Element (ACE) is a Marine Medium Helicop- ter Squadron augmented with three other types of helicopters into a Composite Squadron. It may also in- clude fixed wing aircraft. The Combat Service Support Ele- ment (CSSE) is the MEU Service Sup- port Group (MSSG), formed primar- ily from the Force Service Support Group. The MSSG contains all the logistics specialists necessary to keep M.E.U. Page 23 above: Marines maintain their high state of readiness by planning for every contingency. M.E.U. Page 24 the ground and aviation marines and their equipment functioning. Includ- ed within their ranks are medical, dental, engineering, communica- tions, maintenance and many other technical experts. The Command Element (CE) pro- vides the command and control of the other three elements of the MEU. In addition to the MEU commander and his supporting staff, the CE may include specialized detachments such as an air control detachment, an air defense detachment, a signal intelli- gence detachment, and a force recon- naissance detachment. The MEU is unique in that its air and ground combat element are com- bined with combat service support nder one commander. This air- round task, force concept is de- gned to thoroughly exploit the Dmbat power inherent in air and round assets by closely integrating lem into a single force. It brings ' hat it needs to sustain itself from le sea for the rapid accomplishment f the mission or to pave the way for )llow-on forces. The MEU is an ex- editionary intervention force with le ability to move quickly, on short otice, to wherever needed to accom- lish whatever is required. bovp- A marine conducting weapons training prior to his embarkation on Tarawa. M.E.U. Page 25 above: Two marines stalking the opposition in a training exercise. BLT 1 9 Page 26 The history }f the " grunts " md " groundpounders " Df Battalion Landing Team 1 9 On March 1, 1942, 1st Battalion, th Marines (1 9) was activated and ssigned to the 2nd Marine Division. n August 1942, 1 9 was reassigned . " 3rd Marine Division at Camp endleton, California. During World War II, 1 9 partici- ated in Western Pacific military ampaigns at Bougainville, Guam nd Iwo Jima. At Bougainville, 1 9 eized " Grenade Hill " , and after lose-in fighting in the dense jungle, nded the Battle of Piva Forks. First ■attalion, 9th Marines also per- ormed valiantly on Guam and on wo Jima, which has been considered he bloodiest battle in Marine Corps listory. When the Japanese surren- ered, the 9th Marines remained on juam until their return to Camp ' endleton and official disbandment ■n December 31, 1945. The 9th Marines were reactivated during the Korean War on March 17, 1952. During the next year, the 9th Marines trained at: Camp Fuji - McNair, Japan; Okinawa, Japan; Camp Shinodayama, Japan; Iwo Jima, Japan; and Camp Sakai, Japan. In February 1956, 1 9 participated in a large-scale operation called " FIRM LINK " in Thailand. In August 1956, 1 9 displayed the effectiveness of vertically deploying marines from helicopters. The marines of 1 9 relieved battal- ion 3 9 in Vietnam on June 16, 1965 during the occupation and defense of Da Nang Air Base. In September 1966, 1 9 returned to Camp Schwab, Okinawa, and was then reassigned to the 9th Marine Amphibious Brigade. In November 1969, 1 9 was reas- signed to the 3rd Marine Division. During the Vietnam conflict, 1 9 op- erated from Phu Bai, Fonh Ha, Camp Carroll, Con Thien, Khe Sahn, A Shau Valley and Cam Lo. From October 1969 through Janu- ary 1980, 1 9 deployed at various times as Battalion Landing Team 1 9 with the U.S. Navy ' s 7th Fleet to the Western Pacific. The early 1980s saw 1 9 forward deployed twice to Okinawa, Japan and then deployed to the Western Pacific Ocean with Amphibious Squadron Five during the second half of the decade. In July 1989, Battalion Landing Team 1 9 finished the decade by de- ploying to the Western Pacific Ocean with Amphibious Squadron One. BLT 1 9 returned to Camp Pendleton on December 19, 1989. BLT 1 9 Page 27 HMM-163 Page 28 left: An aircrewman inspects the surrrounding area prior to take-off. They don ' t :all them ' Ridge Runners for nothing The dominant " Evil Eyes " painted »n the nose of each CH-46 Sea Cnight helicopter in this squadron is mly one aspect which separates this lelicopter squadron from the rest. The " Ridge Runners " (named rom a phenomenal typhoon rescue nd relief effort in the mountainous lansin prefecture of Japan) of 4MM-163 were originally formed on December 1, 1951 when they were hen recognized as HMR(L)-163. The Western Pacific was the sight )f many deployments for the squad- on during the 1950 ' s and 60 ' s. From .964 through 1968, HMM-163 dis- inguished itself during four combat ours in Vietnam. The most signifi- ant c ampaign occurred in March .966, when the squadron flew in ex- :ess of 2,000 hours in 10 days. This peration was completed without my fatalities during the evacuation )f an Army Special Forces outpost in he As Hau Valley. HMM-163 was iwarded the Presidential Unit Cita- ion and Navy Unit Commendation or its conspicuous action during the init ' s tours in Vietnam. Since 1968, the squadron has dis- inguished itself by performing in a nyriad of operations, including de- ployments as far East as Pensacola, ; r lorida, as far South as Panama, and i Vest on deployments to MCAS Fu- tenma, Japan. The squadron ' s readiness was tested in January 1982, when it was called upon to be the Aviation Com- bat Element for the 17th Marine Am- phibious Unit (MAU). During this time, HMM-163 participated in a show of readiness termed " Kernel Egress. " September 1983 found the Ridge Runners returning from Futenma, Japan, and then being chosen to be- come the first squad ron from the West Coast to support a MAU aboard an amphibious ship. HMM-163 was the proud recipi- ent of the Marine Corps ' Helicopter Squadron of the Year Award for 1985, making it a three-time winner. The squadron previously won this award in 1979 and 1981. The squad- ron also received the Chief of Naval Operations Aviation Safety Award from 1982 through 1985. HMM-163 is the only helo squadron to receive this award four years in a row. In December 1988, the squadron reached another milestone by record- ing 50,000 Class A mishap-free flight hours. In July 1989, HMM-163 continued its safe and successful ways as it de- ployed to the Western Pacific Ocean on board USS TARAWA (LHA-1). HMM-163 Page 29 above: Marines of the MSSG-11 prepare to mobilize their forces and proceed inland. MSSG-11 Page 30 ' We can do that " ■ The Marine " can do " spirit may ;ver be more exemplified than by e men of this Marine Expedition- y Unit Service Support Group 4SSG-11). When compared to Battalion mding Team 1 9 this group of ;dicated marines are in their infan- i. Although they may be a young oganization, MSSG-11 has provided ' isential Combat Service Support -SS) during its four previous West- n Pacific deployments. Though rel- :ively small in number with ap- roximately 300 marines and sailors, 1SSG-11 is able to provide the 11th larine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) ith all the essential functions of Dmbat service support, including: laintenance, supply, engineering jpabilities, landing support, com- munications support, medical and ental care, explosive disposal and military police support. During operation " Team Spirit - 7, " for the first time ever, MSSG-11 supplied the ground combat ele- ment by air drop, using the Air De- very section of the Landing Support )etachment. In November 1988, 4SSG-11 provided CSS to the Com- ined Arms Exercise (CAX) program t Twenty-nine Palms, California. -AX 89-2 was the first " Force-on- orce " CAX of its kind, and allowed he MSSG to test its numerous sup- ort capabilities. In July 1989, MSSG-11 " spread oaded " its units on the ships of Am- phibious Squadron One and made a ifth successful deployment to the Vestern Pacific. MSSG-11 returned o Camp Pendleton, California from ts deployment on December 19 989. MSSG-11 Page 31 Captai James L. Durbin Jr| Commande Amphibious Squadron On - Captain James L. Durbin Jr. was born in Waterproof, Louisiana. After attending Louisiana State University, he entered the U.S. Navy as a Naval Aviation Cadet in October 1960. Upon completion of flight training in April 1962 he was commissioned an Ensign and designated a Naval Aviator, at New Iberia, Louisiana. Captain Durbin ' s first tour of duty was with Anti-Submarine Squadron Thirty-Eight (VS-38) where he served in the operations and maintenance departments during two deployments to the Western Pa- ne; " above: Commodore Durbin makes an advance party run to Fenwick Pier in Hong Kong. cific Ocean aboard USS Bennington (CVS-20). He reported to VS-41 in October 1965 as a Fleet Replacement Instructor Pilot and Ground School Instructor. Leaving VS-41 Captain Durbin reported to Commander, Air Anti-Submarine Air Group Fifty- Seven (CVSG-57) as ASW Officer, deploying on USS Hornet (CVS-12). Upon decommissioning of CVSG-57, he served temporarily with CVSG-59 before reporting to the Naval Post Graduate School, Monterey, Califor- nia. After receiving a bachelor ' s de- gree in International Relations Comparative Government in Monte-I rey, Captain Durbin reported for hit second tour in VS-38 in June 19721 He served as Administrative Officei and Maintenance Officer and com-J pleted the 1973-74 deployment orl USS Kitty Hawk (CV-63). Captain Durbin completed jel transition in January 1975 and reJ ported to VS-41 for S3 Viking trans iJ tion. After a short tour as a replace-] ment pilot instructor he returned td VS-38 as Executive Officer. Complet-I ing his command tour at VS-38 in January 1979, Captain Durbin rel y. DrK :! rted to USS Forrestal (CV-59) as ssistant Air Officer. After return- g from a Mediterranean deploy- ent he assumed the job of " Air )ss " in August 1980. Captain Durbin left Forrestal for a ief tour as acting Executive Officer NAS Mayport, Florida before re- rning to USS Forrestal as Executive fficer in June 1982. He departed Krestal while the ship was in the rvice Life Extension Program LEP) in Philadelphia in June 1984 d reported to OPNAV, Washing- n, DC where he was assigned to OP-130 as Head, Officer Plans and Community Management. Captain Durbin returned to San Diego and assumed command of the USS Okinawa (LPH-3) in July 1986. In October 1987, five months after returning from a Western Pacific de- ployment the Okinawa received short notice tasking to deploy to the Persian Gulf. After completing this six month deployment, Captain Dur- bin relinquished command in April 1988 and reported to Commander, Amphibious Group Three where he served as acting Chief of Staff before reporting to Amphibions Squadron One. In addition to various unit, service and campaign awards, he wears the Legion of Merit and the Meritorious Service Medal. Captain Durbin is married to the former Myra Joan Carter of Phoenix, Arizona. They have a son, " J.C " and a daughter " D.D. " and reside at Na- val Air Station North Island in Coro- nado, California. CPR-1 Page 33 Lt. Chris Benson Lt. Neal Destefano Capt. John Engstrom Lt. Kirk Foster Lt. Joe Ledbetter Cmdr. Carl Sainten Lt. Cmdr. Philip Scott-Smith Maj. Thomas Trudeau OSC Paul Aguilar RMCS Joaquin Cruz MSC Joselito Hernandez HMCM(SW) Michael Mueller Master Sgt. Reginald Zhuckkahosee MSSA Arsenio Agsaoay MSSA Narciso Balanag RMl Reginald Carthen Amphibious Squadron One CPR-l Page 34 bove: Q le sove: QMl Zedrick charting our trek home from Hawaii. HMC(SW) Donald Post OSC Fred Rost YNl(SW) William Doxen OSl Jack Lamb QMl Gary Zedrick CPR-1 Page 35 Tactical Air Squadron 12 above: A member of the Tactical Air Squadron monitors air operations. Maj. Lowell Berry Lt. Fred King Ensign Ron Kerr OSC Wayne Spath TACRON Page 36 AC2 Michael Bailey AC2 Michael Benthin OS3 Eric Bertrand OSSN Martin Carillo AC3 Scott Dixon ACl Mike Dugan MSSN Scott Ellis SN Todd Graham ACAA Keith Gurule YN3 S. O ' Callaghan OSl Charles Petrach OS3 Kenneth Ross OS3 Matthew Tracy TACRON Page 37 Assault Craft Unit One Using boats that are older than most of Tarawa ' s crew, the men of Assault Craft Unit One (ACU-1) pro- vided transportation and logistical support from ship to shore for the marines of the 11th Marine Expedi- tionary Unit. The men on these Landing Craft Utility (LCU) boats were an integral part of Tarawa ' s successful deployment by ensuring that all their commitments were met in a timely and safe manner. BMC Agustin Paclibar Division Officer right: LCU 1634 approaching the stbd. side of the well deck. ACU-1 Page 38 ENl Sam Backley EMl Charlie Ballestamon ENl Lawrence Blackmon SN Rick Everett RM3 J ames Gonzales SA Richard Hoke MS2 Kurt Holsberg GMG3 Bobby Jernigan ENl Rodney Kirk ENl Loren Kujawa EN3 Peter Malloy BMl(SW) K.B. Mason ACU-1 Page 39 right: LCU 1634 makes returns to Tarawa to take on more supplies in support of operation Thalay Thai. right: LCU 1624 idling off the coast of Subic Bay, awaiting instructions from the Landing Force Operations Center. right: Man-made bridges can be an invaluable tool in projecting power ashore. ACU-1 Page 40 left: A guide directs aft M60A1 tank to the shores of Camp Pendleton during a pre- deployment exercise. QMl Dennis O ' Brien EM2 Raleigh Rice MSSR Robert Shackelford FN Kelvin Steed QM2 Willis Thompson EN2 James Tobin BM2 Mark Whitaker BM3 Maurice Williamson SN David Wolnick ACU-1 Page 41 -V AIMD ► i Lieutenant Commander Thomas C. McElfresh AIMD Officer AIMD Page 44 AIMD Scenes CW04 Roy Cleveland Division Officer IM01 Division Often considered the heart of AIMD, IM01 maintains all the cleri- cal, administrative and training needs, necessary to maintain a smooth running department. Qual- ity Control, Production Control and Quality Assurance are three vital workcenters, necessary for Tarawa to maintain her high aircraft perfor- mance levels. These workcenters are manned by Aviation Maintenance Administrationmen (AZs) and Avi- ation Storekeepers (AKs). The AZs undertake the clerical, administra-| tive, and managerial duties necessary! to keep aircraft maintenace activiti es! running smoothly. The AKs ensure that the materials and equipment! needed by the command are available) and in good order. They take inven tory, estimate future needs, an make purchases. ? AZC Rafael Lacaman ADl Edward Ataop AK3 James Cook AMEl Lou Dumlao AIMD Page 46 AZl Jose Baquero AEl Felipe Calica ASl Felix Carreon AZ3 Michael Colley AZ2 Stephen Foody AZAR Arthur Greenwood AMSl A.M. Panaligan AME2 James Reed AIMD Page 47 IM02 Division When an aircraft needs structural repairs, the men of IM02 division are called upon to make the necessary re- pairs. Utilizing the Powerplants, Air- frames, Paraloft and Oil Lab work- centers, the Aviation Machinist ' s Mates and Structural Mechanics work togeth- er as a team, bringing the aircraft back on line. Whether its repairs to landing gear or wings, conduct Non-Destruc- tive Inspections, or maintain aircraft engines these are the men who are called upon to do the job quickly and safely. ADC J. Dimalanta Division Officer right: ADC Dimalanta and AD3 Alayon verifying stock numbers for accuracy. above right: A member of the AIMD team conducts a Non-Destructive Inspection of some metal parts. AMHAA Timothy Coleman ADl Israel Deguzman PR2 Jeffrey Dronenburg AIMD Page 48 AMS3 Doug Goodpastor AMSl Patrick Holzinger PR3 Andrew Passmore AOl Robert Wilmot AIMD Page 49 IM03 Division Aircraft pilots depend on electron- ic equipment for rapid communica- tion, efficient navigation and operat- ing armament control systems. Avi- ation Electrician ' s Mates, Ordance- men, Fire Control Technicians, and Aviation Electronics Technicians all make their contributions, keeping Tarawa ' s avionics equipment per- forming at a 4.0 level. AQCS L. Linaweaver Division Officer ATC(AW) Cartis Miller AEAN Larry Atwood AT2 Michael Crow AEl Terry Dubay AT2 David Fetters AE2 Mark Galonski ATI Frederick Kahle ASM2 Anderson Mabrey AIMD Page 50 IM04 Division To operate aircraft effectively, support equipment is neccessary. IM04 is Tarawa ' s Ground Support Equipment (GSE) center. Aviation Support Equipment Technicians (ASs) work in GSE and perform maintenance on the forlif ts, manlifts, cranes and tractors, also known as " yellow gear. " iove: Some people really like getting into their work. ACSC Rogelio Alipio Division Officer ASl James Berardi ASM3 Matthew Davis ASl David Dougherty ASM3 James Gilbert ASM2 Charlton Gregory ASE2 Paul Guerrero ASM3 Thomas Kingsley AIMD Page 51 AIMD Page 52 ASl Ramon Labio ASM3 Alan Meyers ASM2 George Patti ASE2 Tom Pfeifer ASM3 Jonathan Tatlock ASE3 Jeffrey Vonlienen ove: The flight crew prepares " Eagle One " for another mission. ADC Don Davis AD3 Mark Eaton AE3 Jeff Fenn AD2 Jose Giner IM05 Division Although this is the youngest di- vision in the department, their fields of expertise are the most diverse. The men of IM05 come from many differ- ent aviation maintenance ratings and are charged with maintaining the ship ' s organic helicopter, " Eagle One, " a UH-lN " Huey " helicopter manned and fully operational. Eagle One is the ship ' s Search and Rescue (SAR) helicopter. AIMD Page 53 Pusan, South Korea OSUM -GU ' •»• As the forty-thousand-ton Tarawa entered the rain-swept bay, sailors and marines got their first view of a foreign port — Pusan, South Korea. Mountains the color of jade jutted upward through low clouds that spat sprinkles of rain. Long warehouses squatted on long wharves and indus- trial cranes dollied back and forth on rails. Freighters from many countries lay at anchor and small boats zig- zagged through them. The down- town sections of the city of Pusan crowded against the mountains and seemed to indicate a thriving cultural center only a bus ride away. Korean tugboat skippers eased Tarawa ' s massive bulk toward the pier. The ship ' s Sea and Anchor Detail cast out lines to Korean dockworkers. The ship was moored. Land at last! It had been 18 days since the men of Tarawa stood on solid ground. The numbers of marines and sailors gath- ering in the hangar bay grew and grew. Finally, liberty call was an- nounced and the crew hurried ashore, their rubbery legs adjusting quickly to a surface that didn ' t pitch or roll. The men swarmed to waiting bus- es and taxis like ants discovering a picnic basket. Each bus had a set des- tination, promising adventure at many locations in the city, places called " Texas Street, " " International Market, " or " Hotel Commodore. " The men of Tarawa turned from the adventurous to the fearful, once the Pusan Page 54 buses started toward their destina- tions. Traffic in Pusan was an exper- ience. Cars raced around the buses faster than racers in " gasoline alley. " Drivers jockeyed for position on the crowded streets more than rush-hour drivers on an L.A. freeway. Knuckles turned white, as fingernails pierced the seats. The first thought that came to mind was that they didn ' t drive this way in the States. Well, perhaps they did at the Indianapolis Speed- way or in New York . . . At last, each bus stopped at its destination. Heads whipped back- ward. Everyone checked their limbs to make sure they were intact. Whew! Now the thrill-seekers were] among the natives, Koreans whol walked with a purpose, like soldiers to the battlefield. One battlefield was the Interna-j| tional Market, row upon row oi shops. Bargains were there for th asking, from 31 different styles o: tablet paper to fine Korean tailorin to tennis shoes and baseball gloves.1 Another battlefield was " Texaa Street, " a crowded haven for those seeking to quench their thirst ana rest weary legs. Dark and cool " hole-J in-the-wall " bars, full of smiling Asian beauties and with American music blaring from loudspeadersl f : m ::■ intern .,;« Tea j town tor th« jijad cool noli . (J SB j with tow 8 were popular with single sailors and marines alike. A more subdued battlefield was in and around the Commodore Hotel, where clean, luxurious rooms await- ed those who could afford them, and where one could bask in the ambi- ance of Korean nightclubs and disco- teques. Suddenly, the liberty in Pusan was over. The Papa flag (personnel recall) was raised and military police swept through the streets of the city faster than A.J. Foyt or Mario An- dretti, sending everyone back to the ship. In less than six hours, Tarawa was steaming out of Pusan, trying to outmaneuver Typhoon Judy. Pusan Page 55 As the clouds gathered over the Sea of Japan, sailors found them- selves looking fondly back toward the jade mountains in the distance. Pusan, South Korea, was like a dream they were all waking from. Pusan Page 57 fit J I . , I 1 Air Page 60 V-l Division wh 1 th« th |i ch he men of V-l work, amid the of helicopter blades, getting ' birds " into the air and landing safely. From chocking and rung to plane directing; from era i and salvage to assisting the air in Primary Flight Control; from wqcing with Hueys, Cobras and He :ier jump-jets to helping pilots ify in evolutions such as night goggle training — the V-l guardians of the flight Lt. Benny Toole Division Officer left: Four Ch-46 Sea Knight helicopters prepare for take-off during operation Valiant Usher. ABCS Glenn Fullaway ABHC Glenn Law AA Todd Ashby ABHAN Stuart Austin Air Page 61 far left: " You ' re unchocked and ready to go " - another safe take-off from LHA-1. left: The aircraft directors of the flight deck practice a flight deck fire drill. ABH2 Mamehil Deocampo ABH2 Danny Dills ABH2 Tommy Gillenwater ABH3 Mark Groves ABH3 Glenn Judd ABHAR Sean Kilmer ABH2 Jose Lamoglia AR George Malosky Air Page 63 AR Kyle Munson ABH3 Joe Navarro ABH3 Cedric Parish ABHl Gary Peterson AR James Roark AN Mickey Scanlan AR Brad Schlueter AN Marlon Schroeder AN Mack Steinbrook ABH3 Ed Tucker AN Mike Walker ABHAN Kevin Williams right: A pair of CH-46 helicopters descend into the safe confines of Tarawa ' s hangar bay. Air Page 64 AA Bobby Pham ABHl Eugene Pierson ABH2 Ted Scott ABH2 Roger Smiley ABHAA Lawrence Williams ABH3 Don Zimmerman left: ABH3 Joe Navarro, a Landing Signal Enlistedman (LSE), signals " clear for take off. " Air Page 65 V-3 Division How many helos can fit into the hangar bay? Answer: " all of them! " Making that happen quickly and safely is the job of V-3, requiring the coordinated effort of prepping rotor blades, running elevators, then mov- ing and chaining the birds into their proper position on the hangar deck. The hangar bay is V-3 ' s terrain and their job is to see that its vast space is utilized to its full potential. Lt. Kenneth Pressley Division Officer above: Crewmen from V-3 division move a CH-46 Sea Knight into position for maintenance, right: An " Eagle Eye ' s " view of Tarawa ' s hangar bay from the Shipfitter ' s Shop. far right: The results of " Operation Stuffex " — all 25 helicopters safely stowed in the hangar bay. Air Page 66 ABHC Frank Bradley AR Frederic Arias ABH3 Eric Bozeman AN Norman Brown AN Vincent Dimurro AA R.H. Empalmado AN Louis Friend AN Mikel Guyton AR Tom Kliegl AR Todd Link ABH3 Greg Morrison AR Mark Nutt AR Ivan Smith AA Manuel Souza ABHAA Leonard Taylor ABHAN Ananias Temaeva AA Marty Trimble ABHAN Michael Tromblee Air Page 67 ABFC James Aloisio ABF3 Jerry Bullis ABFAA Terry Edgerton ABF2 Isaac Fisher AA Bryan Forkas ABFAN Jack Gaylon AN Andres Hirahoka AA Tony Jones ABFAN Leroy Mann AN Mark McGraw ABF3 Marco Mora ABFl Florendo Morente Air Page 68 Lg 4 H -oij H Ik -J - rJA. ■ -4 r l. i ifl m stae V-4 Division Fuel is the lifeblood of a machine and being able to provide uncontamin- ated fuel to Tarawa machinery is the job of V-4. V-4 ' s quality assurance peo- ple sample and test the fuel before it is passed through two centrifugal purifi- ers and further filtered before it is pumped topside for thirsty helos, land- ing craft, yellow gear and support equipment. V-4 keeps us on the go. Lt.j.g. Bruce Koss Division Officer ve: A " grape " pumps some " lifeblood " into the thirsty tank of " Eagle ABF3 Mark Neely ABF3 Brian O ' Neil ABF3 Mark Panegos AN John Pearson Air Page 69 AN Kalvin Sanders ABF3 Thomas Schenk AN Brian Sparks AA Aleandro Vanholten Air Page 70 AA Tom Rich ABF3 Antoine Rudai AA Chris Ruebel A Sea Stallion hovers over the deck prior to Air Page 71 Chaplain The Chaplain ' s department on Tarawa, while having primarily spiritual duties, is involved in all matters pertaining to the mental, moral and physical welfare of the ship ' s company. Pastoral services on a regular basis lends a bulwark of support to the crew, allowing each sailor or marine the opportunity to worship God and Commander Robert Needham Ship ' s Chaplain RPl Allen Covington RPSN Eric Maestas to study biblical truths. The several services also allow for fellowship by those crewmembers who desire to worship with others of their faith. The Chaplain ' s department also maintain ' s the ship ' s library, which makes accessible to crewmembers approximately 500 books of many varieties. Ihaplain Page 72 I III ) P ■■ •• ' 4$ .-■■ a Combat Cargo The Combat Cargo team are few in number but their areas of respon- sibility are widespread. The team is responsible for getting the marines of the Battalion Landing Team to the beach, using the assets of the Air Command Element (ACE) and the Assault Craft Unit (ACU). Combat Cargo coordinates the movement of these marines from three control centers; Debarkation Control, Well Deck Debarkation Control, and Flight Deck Control. Moving the ma- rines from the ship to the shore is a dangerous function. Combat Cargo does the planning, coordination, staging the equipment, and numer- ous rehearsals to ensure that the job is done safely and expediently. Com- bat Cargo represents Tarawa ' s " can do " marines. Captain Bryan Smith Combat Cargo Officer Gunnery Sgt. William Bonin Master Sgt. James Rexach Combat Cargo Page 74 ,♦ — Combat Systems X ir l-i . ; ka CSYS Page 78 Lieutenant Commander Peter R. Kendrick Combat Systems Officer r ■ • ■ . .» • • r t r .X -rrvi ,1 (i ' YyyyyvI i , YYYYYVVfto rYYYyVM , ...... ■ ■ YYYYYYY J rYYYYYYY JI ■YrYryyvtA yrfrrrvvti ufrrYyvAtyvYYUYYvA YYYVto VYYYVA yVYYVV, ' YYYYVfct YYYYYyA YYYYYYV I ' YYYYYYt.t YYYYYYY. yyyyyyym. VW»VCvY»V»VAV V%V V WVto VYYYVi rVYVVM ' YYYYYf. YYYYYVA YYYYYYV ' YYYYYY?. YYYYYYY . y y y y y y y V yVyVyyV ftVvVVVVvX YYYYYYYYi; YYYY YYYYiU.SyYYYYYYV. , v ,: , -.t. YYYCYYYYVi VYYYYYYYyMVYVYYYYvV ' I YYYYYYyl YYYYYYYYM iWimtftA rYYVVY YYy».t. ' ' VYYYY YYYl 1 YYYYYYYyJMYYYYmYVA! YY YYYvA.YYYt m YyAftYYYYYY YYVi vWt.H (VYVAv i rVA- irVl -VYYVi YYYYVV VYYYYVl IrYYYYYy • YYYYYVlji yyyyyyy.I. yyyyyyyyj -Win " A rVVM i»Vi ' Vyyyv.l, r YYV.t kVYYYYVfc .•vyyyyv . ' YYYYYYVl t YYYYYYY t .Ml MM. ■ .-yy,t ( »■ ■iiiiiiwi YYYYYYV HMfMttJ W M Mm " tiHYittt YYYYYYYyy vx. xxyy fiiiiiiiit YYYYYYXYy . i iiiiiiii ' tJ YYYmYV VYY.YYYY WiHMi ............ - Combat Systems Scenes CSYS Page 79 CA Division Fire in a ship ' s ammunitions maga- zine is a serious threat, usually costing widespread damage and loss of life. CA-division maintains the good work- ing order of the ship ' s magazine sprin- kler system, and assembles both avi- ation and ground-support ordnance during amphibious operations. CW03 James Saxton Division Officer Tarawa ' s ordancemen maintain the munitions necessary for her survival. A02 Lennis Bolden Cpl. Chris Bonanno A02 Keith Caldwell Pfc. Terry Dennis AOl Myrl Fender Sgt. Andre Fung AOAN William Glover Staff Sgt. Greg Hamilton CSYS Page 80 AOCS Michael Petruny AOl Leon Anthony AOAN David Bailey AOAN Kevin Bilant AOl Tony Diottaviano A02 Robert Durbin Sgt. Charles Emrhein A03 John England AOAN Herbert Herge AOl Jerome Howard AA Vince Knizner Cpl. Timothy Lohberger CSYS Page 81 A03 Tony Meadors AOAA Jeff Ramey above: An ordanceman monitors the handling of ammunition on the flight deck. A02 Ken Semler AOl Dale Shea AN James Short AOl J oe Tenorio A02 Richard Togia AOl James Walker CSYS Page 82 CE Division Those who take Tarawa to sea must be able to communicate with allied ships in the area. The around- the-clock upkeep of various naviga- tional and communications equip- ment is the tasking for CE-division. The maintenance efforts of everyone in the division provide security for the ship against any possible air and sea threats. Ensign Anthony Barry Division Officer DSC Bobby Jones ETC Jerome Steffanus DS3 Richard Berbert DS3 Carl Berghofer ETSN Alan Brierley ET3 John Chafin DS2 Gene Chappelear ET3 Gregory Freeman CSYS Page 83 right: Teamwork gets the job done. ET3 Raymie Parker ET3 Louis Rutledge ET2 Steven Scales CSYS Page 84 DS2 Steven Haines ET3 Claude Hall ET3 Jeff Jacobs DS3 Dale Janssen DS3 George Melonas ET2 Tim Meschke ET3 Mike Mikkelsen DS2 Jason Moss ET3 Darren Schiele ET3 Jackie Smith ET3 Thomas Stein ET3 Steven Whitfield CSYS Page 85 Lt.j.g. A. T. Simanson Division Officer Division " Who out there is a threat to Tarawa, and what can the ship do to defend itself against them? " That question can best be an- swered by the CG division, who is responsible for detecting and defend- ing against air and surface attacks, as well as providing naval gunfire sup- port. The amphibious mission of Tarawa requires CG division to pro- vide support for the Navy and Ma- rine Corps operations ashore as well. FCC Robert Bragg GMCM(SW) Carlos Wilde FC2 Bernard Allen FC2 Bruce Bradley GMG2 Christopher Capper GMGl James Crawford FC3 Gordon Hayward FCl Robert McFadden FCl William Neal FC3 Michael Newkirk GMG3 Tom Simo FCl Joseph Wood FC3 Roy Yamanuha FCl Tim Ziolkowski CSYS Page 86 left: The Close In Weapons System (CIWS) stands as a lone watchman for Tarawa ' s defense. below: Preventive Maintenance on the 5 " 54 cal. Mk 45 guns ensures their level of performance is second to none. M M t above: Teletype repair is only one facet of CR division ' s mission. above: Dash-dot-dot — the signalmen keep us in contact with the other ships in the squadron. COMM Page 90 Lieutenant Commander Robert Menard Communications Officer COMM Page 91 RMCS William Martell RMC Denis Young RMSA Gene Bartholomew RM2 Chozan Behn RMl Timothy Gleadell RM3 Kenneth Goodwin RM3 Derrick Hooks RMl Nicholas Johanson RM3 Edward Mata RM2 Ronnie Pickett RM3 Jeff Schafer RM3 Timothy Sims RM3 Ronald Stranahan RMSA Dustin Trask RMl Tony Wrather COMM Page 92 CR Division Tarawa ' s CR-division is responsi- ble for maintaining all electronic communications through the use of both satellite technology and con- ventional means. With as many as 50 circuits operational at any one time, the technicians work to keep com- munications with aircraft and small boats going. Through the use of troubleshooting, testing, checking, and sometimes even double-check- ing, they accomplish their various missions in a thoroughly profession- al manner. CR-division also controls the flow of messages that are sent to and from the ship. With teletypewriters oper- ating non-stop, the division provides Tarawa with valuable information. Through messengers, typists and various circuit operators, this other communications area is well-han- dled. All the hustle and bustle of the ship is controlled by a communica- tions watch officer who, like a coach huddling up with his players, calls the shots — sometimes in the last few minutes of play, to bring the team to victory. CW02 John Ferguson Division Officer above left and left: Typing messages and building circuits are a normal part of CR division ' s day to day responsibil- ities. COMM Page 93 Ensign Kevin Martin Division Officer cs Division The signalmen of CS-division re- present one of the oldest ratings in the Navy. Whether it be flashing light or signal flag communications, the " sigs " are always there to accom- plish the task, no matter what ele- ments of mother nature Tarawa is being subjected to. UELCOI1E TO COMM Page 94 SMC Don Tuttle SMSN Gary E. Jacobs SMSN Tom Barlea SMSN Nils Bryant SMSN Daniel Davis SMSN James Gibson SM2 Randy Jones SMI William Lane SMSN Brad Morris SM3 Daniel Rutherford left: Sixty-eight flags fill each of Tarawa ' s two flag bags, above: The signalmen enjoy a few laughs together. COMM Page 95 Exercise: Valiant Mark The Navy Marines to the Rescue! I ■ u.s. navyE ir Cushion (LCAC) vehicles are used for their ability to expedition is assault vehichles like these help the marines reach their objectives, right: A guide gives instructions to the Landing Craft Utility (LCU) pilot as it prepares to get ashore. Lower MEF camp. V. Mark Page 96 It Grande Island, located in the mid of picturesque Subic Bay, Repub- of the Philippines, was the focus the exercise called Valiant Mark. I ivo Company marines conducted a d and a Non-combatant Evacua- n Operation, or NEO. Joining the a rriors from Bravo were Alpha ( .mpany and their Amphibious lack Vehicle (Amtrak) Platoon, kS Company, MSSG-11, Charlie impany and Delta Company. The non-combatant evacuation eration was conducted from the wer Marine Expeditionary Force imp, under steady monsoon rains, pha and Bravo played the role of ilian evacuees, while H S and SSG-11 processed them, determin- who was friend and who was foe. larlie and Delta companies were lilized for physical security of the ea and as guides during the evacua- n of the sites. Mark Page 97 ! Thalay Thai Exe xercise: Thalay Thai left: After storming out of a CH-53E Sea Stallion helicopter, marines of Battalion Landing Team 1 9 race towards their objective amidst a cloud of dust and dirt. Thalay Thai Page 99 Thalay Thai Page 100 t: Whether the surf is high or low, nothing will stop the marines from reaching the beach. low: The five-ton trucks were an integral part of the logistics effort in support of operation Thalay Thai. Thalay Tahai Page 101 Thalay Thai Page 102 B ' J» VK? . ■■kmi Scenes from Exercise: Thalay Thai Thalay Thai Page 103 Exercise: Valiant Blitz - 4 S BHl _ - i ■ m ? " M . »ae -iai» f above: A tank crewmen waits for his turn to assault the beach. above right: Landing Craft Units (LCUs) 1630 and 1634 race to Tarawa to get more equipment in support of the exercise. right: With a full load of M60A1 tanks, LCU 1629 waits for its turn to assault the beach. Valiant Blitz Page 104 Valiant Blitz Page 105 right: Marines " humped " their packs through the rugged terrain of South Korea. Valiant Blitz Page 106 V left: Five-ton trucks helped keep the lines of supply open during Valaint Blitz. left: Landing Tank Ships (LSTs) offloaded additional tanks and artillery in support of the exercise. «ii ' i»i1 Valiant Blitz Page 107 Scenes from the field Valiant Blitz Page 108 Valiant Blitz Page 109 Sea Anchor Detail Whenever Tarawa is leaving or returning to Pier 7 or an anchorage, the special sea detail is set. Getting 40,000 tons of steel, iron, aluminum and most importantly the crew un- derway can be a complex and tedious This is the typical routine for getting underway. The times list- process. This " all hands " effort re- quires the participation of everyone from the signalmen on the 08 level to the enginemen far below the water- line. sr- ed are the hours prior to the oc- currence of the actual event Eight hours: Start gyros; energize and calibrate all radar repeaters. Six hours: Verify schedule for lighting off boilers. Three hours: Verify arrangements for discontinuing services from the pier, such as shore power and crane service. Two hours: Ascertain from the Ex- ecutive Officer: (1) Whether there is any variation in standard sequence of setting special sea and anchor detail. (2) The time of heaving short or " singling up " lines. (3) His instructions concerning U.S. and guard mail. (4) The number of passengers and expected time of arrival. After obtaining permission from the Executive Officer, start hoisting boats and vehicles as soon as they are no longer required and rig in booms and accommodation ladders not in use; secure for sea. Have the word passed as to the time the ship will get underway. Energize all radars except those prohibited by local electromag- netic emission restrictions. One-and-one-half hours: Muster the crew. One hour: Set the special sea and anchor detail.; prepare both anchors for letting-go; OOD shifts his watch to the bridge. Sound-powered phone circruits are tested. Departmental re- ports of readiness to get underway are received. Draft of the ship, fore and aft, is recorded, and, if required, the deck-edge antennas are raised. Material condition Yoke is set; Mas- ter At Arms inspects for stowaways; tune and peak radars; conduct radio checks on all required circuits; and ensure that the pit sword is in a raised position. Underway OOD, JOOD and JOOW take their stations on the bridge. N, A and E divisions man the after steering and pilot house, adn test steering engine, con- trols, communications, and emergen- cy steering alarm. Ship is cleared of all visitors. Thirty minutes: Commanding Of- ficer ' s permission is obtained to test main engines; after screws are] checked for clearance, main control is directed to test engines. Fifteen minutes: Report ready for getting underway to the Executive Officer. Test whistle; " heave short " or " single up " lines when so ordered; standby to receive tugs and pilots; and if alongside a pier, ensure that all shore connections are broken and that the brows are ready to be re- moved. Ten minutes: The command " ma- neuvering bells " is ordered by set- ting the engine revolution indicator system on a certain repetitive num- ber combination beyond the range of the engines - such as 999. Inform main control to stand by to answer all bells. Zero minutes: Underway! Sea Anchor Page 110 ip: Attention to detail is always the rule when maintaining a steady course. i ove: The starboard bridge wing look-out searching for any contacts. Sea Anchor Page 111 Sea Anchor Page 112 » ' ■ Deck Lieutenant Commander Charles O. Stephenson 1st. Lieutenant CW02 Steven Dowd Lt. Peter Young Deck Page 116 First Division The boatswains mates of First Di- vision represent a Navy traditon that goes back to the time of wooden ships and tall sails. Often under- maned and overworked, the ship ' s boatswains mates can be found at the forefront of all deck evolutions, which include; wet well operations, underway replenishment, bridge watchstanding and anchor evolu- tions. These men can be seen burn- ing the midnight oil everywhere from the bridge to the well deck. Where they lack in manpower, they compensate with Pride and Profes- sionalism, working until the job is done and done right. left: Dropping anchor in Subic Bay. Lt.j.g. Ray Baldwin Division Officer i SN Andre Bonner SA Wilfredo Estabillo K l W B . ■ IKS SA Joe Gasbarre W " EL .«■ JM BM3 Vincent Hall SN John T. Harkness BM3 Donald Harrison Deck Page 117 SA Marc Hooks SR Antonio Isaac SA Jerry Jackson SR Kelly Jones BM3 Shelby Jones SN John Kellerhals SN Lee Preston BM2 Eugene McLaughlin SN Eduardo Prado BMSN Willie Pitts BM2 Wade Reichelderfer SA William Roman Deck Page 118 left: Men from Deck and Engineering worked side by side, in a round-the-clock effort to repair the ship ' s air conditioning units. SA Richard Saulter SA James Schipae BM3 David Thrasher SN Andrew Zrostlik Deck Page 119 Ensign Brian Roberts Division Officer BMCS Henry Pittman SN Christopher Coyne SN William Davenport SA Christopher Hatcher SA Virgil Holt SN Mark Naldrett Second Division The men of Second Division are key contributors in the launching and recovery of landing craft during an amphibious operaiton. Like the other divisions in Deck department, these men can also be found stand- ing bridge and anchor watches. Al- ways an ongoing cycle of mainten- ance, preservation, preparation, re- hersal and execution - the men of second division take their responsi- bilities seriously and achieve superi- or results. Deck Page 120 above: If it ' s made of cloth, it can be made by the professionals of 2nd division. BM3 Gary Dennis SN Porter Ferrell BMl Richard Fowler SA Michael Hall SA Carl Okerman BM2 Johnny Shepherd BM3 Bradley Sherrod SA Timothy White Deck Page 121 Third Division Third Division (Boat Division) is responsible for the oerall mainten- ance and operation of the ship ' s four Landing Craft Personnel Large (LCPL) boats and all associated equipment. This equipment in- cludes: the Boat and Aircraft (B A) crane, two boat booms, two boat da- vits, the ships ' s boat deck and the search and rescue equipment. Third Division is also responsible for (when embarked) maintaining the Commodore ' s Gig. Ensign David Basler Division Officer above: Concentration is the key during an unrep. BM3 Matt Flores BM3 Eric Gearing SN Joseph McFarlan SN Chad Runksmeyer BM3 Michael Weisrock SN Patrick Wrenn Deck Page 122 Deck Scenes above: The paint locker mixes paint to order. above: The ready lifeboat crew practices search and rescue operations. Deck Page 123 MD01 Division Tarawa ' s Dental department is among the smallest division depart- ments onboard Tarawa. Located next to the pharmacy, this trio of two en- listed dental technicians and one dental officer are responsible for the Lieutenant Robert Malone Dental Officer DT3 Matthew Gallegos DT2 Charles Royster Dental Page 124 X I ,«i r ' ■ b« r ? 1 y M e i fl»wwc - we«»«» « - Commander John Sides Engineering Officer Lt. Cmdr. Gene Cioni Lt. Cmdr. Larry Ikeda Ensign Gregory Sutton Lt. j.g. Zsolt Veress Eng. Page 130 A Division Tarawa ' s Auxiliary Division maintains all auxiliary and assault equipment on the ship. From eleva- tors to conveyors, from the ballasting system to air conditioning and re- frigeration systems, from steering to anchor windlasses, from air com- pressors to the emergency diesel gen- erators — the " A-Gang " keeps it operational. Everyday, around the clock, Tarawa ' s Auxiliary Division is on the job. They work out of more than 83 spaces throughout the ship, wher- ever auxiliary and assault equipment can be found. A-gang is made up of men in ratings like machinist ' s mate, engineman, electrician ' s mate and fireman, all work together to provide the support necessary to keep tons of machinery throughout the ship at peak performance. Ensign Mark Volpe Division Officer ENC Edmund Guerina MMC David Trombley EN3 Jerald Aamold ENFN Jeffrey Brown EN2 Michael Calvert FN Jos. Canterbury Eng. Page 132 itoYI MMl Adorato Gonzales FA Robert Hager MM2 Daniel Holley EN3 William Lancaster FA Terry LeClaire MMl Sisenando Locso EN2 Benjamin Martin EM3 Hector Martinez MM3 Michael Marvel ENl Jasper McGirt FN Decarlo Oliver MMFN Guillermo Ortiz MMFN Dennis Roback FN Derek Shephard MM3 Don Stanley Tr.» . K[| 1 w MMl Manuel Tico MMl A.C. Tranfiguracion ENFN Keith Vandera MM3 Bill Wandling EM2 Scott Washburn Eng. Page 134 top: The khakis lend their experience, the blueshirts add their muscle - together it produces a winning team. above: Maintaining the work spaces is a high priority on everyone ' s list. Eng. Page 135 E Division Tarawa ' s Electrical Division in- stalls and maintains all electrical and interior communications equipment on the ship. The ship ' s sound- powered phone circuits, shipboard announcing and inter-communicat- ing (MC) systems, lighting, motor rewinding, motor generator sets, switchboards, electrical buses and panels, gyroscopes and various bat- I teries — all fall within E-division ' s sphere of responsibility. Utilizing skilled electrician ' s mates and interior communications electricians, Tarawa ' s Electrical Divi- sion provides the ship with vital elec- trical circuits, functional motors, de- pendable ele ctrical systems, and a re- liable communications network. I Ensign John Schommer Division Officer EMCS R. Aguilera ICCS Steven Cash EM2 Rhett Barrington EMFN Glen Boltz DCFA Ricky Flanigan FN Brent Frank FN Robert Gallagher EM2 Russell Gilliam Eng. Page 136 ibove: An EM prepares to rewind a motor. above: Verifying the facts. ICFN Bobby Bullock EM3 Bert Dotson EM2 Art Duhart FA Richard Estrellado EMFN Richard Heavner EMFN Leroy Hinton IC3 Craig Krysiak IC3 James Lang Eng. Page 137 IC3 Landon Larkey IC2 Scott Lohr EM2 Sonny Magtalas EMI Armando Mendoza EMFA Pierre Moreau IC3 James Nelson EMFN Jeff Obniski IC3 Wilfredo Pabon IC2 Robert Powell IC2 James Rehn EM3 Luisito Sena FA James Stone IC3 John Tack Eng. Page 138 left: Working without a multimeter would be like working without your right arm for the men of E division. EM3 Cirilo Tan EM2 Jeffery Tubbs EM3 Nick Valentine EMFN Ralph Walters Eng. Page 139 Ensign Stuart Siegel Division Officer BTC Mario Bautista MMFA Paul Anderson MMFN Grady Brossard MMFA William Clark BT3 Mike Clymer MMFN John Deemer MP-1 Division There ' s no place like home. For the boiler technicians and machin- ist ' s mates of MP-1 division their home away from home this deploy- ment was the After Main Machinery Room (AMMR). Working in 100 + degree heat for " six on - six off " these men were responsible for ensuring that the AMMR was kept in a fully operational status. Located in the aft propulsion plant, the number one boiler makes the steam that is used in both the number one main engine that drives the starboard shaft and the number three and four Ship ' s Service Turbine Generators (SSTG) that make electricity for the ship. Eng. Page 140 left: Though the enviroment was hot and loud, the men of MP-1 always did whatever was needed, whenever it was needed. MMl Michael Brush BT3 Andrew Cagle MMFA Chuck Cepeda MM3 Brian Dobson BTFA James Edmonds BTFN Howard Fair Eng. Page 141 MMFA Gustavo Farinas BT3 John Foster MM3 Laurence Gordo BTFN Martin Juarez BTFN Vern Kahalehoe MMFA Thomas Lambert BTl David Ledesma BTFA Frank Medberry BT2 Garland Miller MM3 Richard Riley MMFR Steve Rodgers BT2 James Scott MM3 Lewis Scott FA William Storrs MMl Richard Stump BT3 Eric Wilson Eng. Page 142 left: Attention to detail is job 1. r " B s y l - P « 1 A HHBc» ti 1 i ' ' -N r Mm mm mmmmmmmmmm ' WIp ' i HI E H Iflr E ' v- ■ ■f rT ■ ■■■ s k left: Troubleshooting in the aft. propulsion plant. Eng. Page 143 Ensign Jim O ' Bryan Division Officer MP-2 Division Main Propulsion 2, like MP-1 is manned by boiler technicians and machinist ' s mates but is located in the Forward Main Machinery Room (FMMR). Like MP-1, MP-2 keeps the plant fully opertional, enabling the ship to get underway at a moments notice. In the FMMR, the number 2 boiler makes steam that is used in both the number 2 main engine which drives the port shaft and num- ber 1 2 ship ' s Service Turbine Gen- erators. The generators make the electricity which is used for every- thing from the radars on top of the mast to the washers in the ship ' s laundry. Eng. Page 144 above: The men in Main Control take their job as seriously as the bridge watch in the Pilot House. BTCM Larry Plambeck BT3 Mike Acosta BTl Eduardo Alejo FN Joseph Altman MM3 Noel Aparejo MMFA Earl Ashford MMFA Bryan Baker MM3 Brian Birri MM2 David Bronson MMl Ronald Chastain MMFN James Chisam BTFA Gary Davis BT2 Jeff Davis BT3 Anthony Garcia MM3 Herb Guiting BTFN Anthony Henderson Eng. Page 145 above: The men of MP-2 really get into their work BTFA Steven Hoecker MM3 Franklin Johnson MMFA Phil Lobianco Eng. Page 146 BT3 James Nielsen MM2 Mitchell Noble BTFN Nick O ' Neill BT2 Duane Rossi MM3 Chris Russell MM3 Daniel Sexton BT3 Martin Sims MM2 Terry Spears BT2 Richard Steins BT3 John Usilton BT3 Ted Washington Eng. Page 147 DCC Robert Titus DC2 Jesse Banks MR3 E.R. Blankenbeckler HT2 Michael Bregenzer DCFN Antonio Bullock MRFR Richard Burke MRl Manuel Calimlim DCFA Andrew Cruickshank HT2 Thomas Eason DCFR Shane Francis DCFR Charles Gaglione HT3 Allan Galvan DC3 Tony Garrard DCFA Brian D. Hall DCFN Ronald Ham FN Peter Harry Eng. Page 148 R Division In the various shops assigned to R-division, one may find all types of skilled production work going on. From the whine of a machine lathe in the Machine Shop to the gurgle of a sewage drain that the plumbers have unstopped. The hull technicians, ma- chinery repairmen and damage con- trolmen of R-division are real prob- lem-solvers. First on the scene, these professionals are depended upon by the entire ship to apply the team- work and know-how necessary to remedy the problem. Ensign David Sween Division Officer Dove: R division ' s work is considered the cutting edge of excellence. FR Doug Knowles MRFN Dean Lutzke MRFN Robert Nicoll MR2 R.V. Rodriguez Eng. Page 149 DCFR Michael Sands DCFA Charles Smith HTl Michael Standley DC2 Chris Steigerwald DC3 David Walker Eng. Psge 150 below: DC3 Garrard swings his hammer in the ER09 storeroom. Engineering Scenes Eng. Page 151 ™. r f Sydmy - -i , y " jb (J .... -■ ■ : -- - ' ' -. 5 u ' ellow lines signify Tarawa ' s transit to our operat- ing area, while black white lines mark the return to San Diego via Hong Kong. . " » . FRENCH POLYNESIA m£a -i v 1 ' I ,• tor. Republic of the Philippines Westpac sailors most often think of this port as a " home away from home, " and not just for it ' s particular appeal as a recreational spot. Subic Bay is considered a " working port " for the Seventh Fleet. The supplies and services of this Naval Facility justify the " daily routine of repair and upkeep that goes on. " For many of Tarawa ' s Filipino crewmembers, Subic Bay provides a chance to visit old friends and to " come home " to reestablish familial bonds. For the rest of the sailors and marines of Tarawa, Subic Bay and nearby Olongapo City offer a blend of tropical and stateside enchant- ment. Grande Island, a recreational ha- ven in the middle of the bay, offers beach cottages, swimming, waterski- ing, picnic areas, sports events, a fine restaurant, scuba diving, golf and lots more leisure-time activities. The on-base services offer a movie theatre, bowling, go-carts, library, nightly entertainment at several clubs, package store — along with a McDonald ' s and Baskin Robbins, just like home. Still, the long lines at the base ' s main gate prove time and time again, that sailors overseas like to immerse themselves in the local culture of an overseas port. From jeepneys to open-air barbecue stands, from lum- pia to woodcarvings, from Papa- gayo ' s to San Miguel, the exotic C touches of Olongco City entice and amuse both newcmer and veteran alike. For most visiDrs to Olongapo, however, there is othing quite like the stateside slan of the nightlife. Whether you like ink Floyd, Metal- lica or Jim Croct Joni Mitchell or Joan Jett - the liv(bands of Olonga- po ' s nightclubs cter everything. It always amazes th first-timers just how uncanny thee bands are when it comes to imitatig Western popu- lar mus ic. A place for bch work and play, for quiet study ad uproarious fun, for a foursome of olf and rock con- certs, marvelous nd sometimes in- describable. Subic Bay Page 154 Scenes from Subic Bay I feM«| ««!• Subic Bay Page 155 top: PH2 Nightingale of the Tarawa Dive Club explores the depths of Subic Bay. top right: Street vendors offering various types of meat could be seen at nearly every corner. right: a group of Filipino women pose for the camera. far right: For two pesos you could be driven almost anywhere on a Jeepney. Subic Bay Page 156 Subic Bay Page 157 above: Tarawa was considered a favorite ship of the young. above: Grande Island was a popular retreat for the crew. Subic Bay Page 158 x ve: Victory Liners are often considered as the first choice for long distance travel Subic Bay Page 159 1 1 H f 11 I l a M Executive 3 - Chief Warrant Officer Nelson G. Milione Ship ' s Secretary NCCS Richard Johnson Executive Page 164 X Division The administrative aspect of a large command is more than just pa- perwork. The Captain ' s Office, Ad- min. Office, 3-M Coordinator, Per- sonnel Office, Career Counselor, Le- gal Office, Print Shop and Post Of- fice provide services to the crew that I contribute to both career and family well-being. Whether it notarization, authori- zation, going on vacation, choosing a vocation, legalization, publication or even communication home — X-di- vision spends long hours in support of Tarawa ' s sailors and marines. It ' s not the paperwork, but the people, that make it all happen. above: One-on-one 3M training in the Chief ' s Mess. YNC Bruce Jones PNC Danny Nichols ICC(SW) William Wyatt Executive Page 165 Executive Page 166 left: PCl Branson takes an active hand in sorting the tons of mail the ship received during deployment. PNl Martin Fenton DMSA Todd Hook YN3 Larry Johnson Executive Page 167 MARCOMMDET Marine Communications Detach- ments (MARCOMMDET) are as- signed to LHA, LHD and LCC am- phibious ships. The MARCOMM- DET is organized and trained to fur- nish communications electronics support and assistance to communi- cations personnel of the embarked Landing Force (LF) staff. The mem- bers of the MARCOMMDET pro- vide training in communications monitoring, message processing, tac- tical combat operations and secure audio systems to the embarked LF staff, ensuring a successful deploy- ment. Captain Larry Buchanan Marine Communications Officer Master Sgt. Raymond Foti Gunnery Sgt. Steve Nehez MARCOMMDET Page 168 M% % V ifr : 1.-y- ■■ ;■■ ■ W c t! } f : " jm edical Lieutenant Frederick C. Fehl III Medical Officer Lt. Steve Martinez Medical Admin. Officer Med. Page 172 MX01 Division Located in the center of the ship is arawa ' s Medical Department. The octors and corpsmen provide the schnical and professional support or safeguarding everyone ' s health n board the " Eagle of the Sea. " To ensure our health and safety he medical team conducts inspec- ions of all food service, living, and vorking spaces. In an amphibious operation . arawa is designated the Primary Casualty Receiving Treatment Ship, " he medical department can provide upport for common maladies or ac- ual life support and intensive care ervices to injured personnel. The medical department also tands ready to assist victims of nat- lral disasters. During Tarawa ' s first leployment in 1979, this ability was ut to the test when the ship ' s crew escued 442 Vietnamese refugees in he South China Sea. Two days later, vith the assistance of the medical de- partment, Grace Tarawa Tran, Tarawa ' s 443rd refugee, was born on vlay 10, 1979. above: Surgeons perform routine surgery onboard the " Eagle of the Sea. " HMC Amado Evangelista HMCS Brian Fullford HMC Steven Roye HM3 Peter Agbo HN Thomas Baldwin HM3 Dan Blye HM3 Dale Bordner HN Jeff Brattin Med. Page 173 below: Two corpsmen confer on a patient ' s x-rays. above: HMC Evangelista prepares an innoculation. Med. Page 174 bove: Embarked corpsmen contributed to the goal of complete patient care. HN Anthony Ecija HN Eric Eiting HM3 Arthur Evangelista HM3 John Foster HM3 Eduardo Govea HM2 Oren Hankins HM3 John Kelley HM2 Cecilio Liwanag HN David Llanos HM3 Jaime Macalma HN Theodore Parks HM3 Daniel Roumbanis HMl Ador Salunga HM3 Donald Slonski HM2 Michael Walker HM2 Mark Williams Med. Page 175 Behind the Red Curtain above: A " Badger-K, " known as the Tupolev Tu-16 twin-jet bomber, could be seen conducting maritime reconnaissance during the deployment. Tl Red Curtain Page 176 • ve: A Tu-95 or " Bear-G " conducts a patrol over the waters of the Western Pacific Red Curtain Page 177 Ships of the Russian Navy above: A Soviet research ship braves the waves of the Western Pacific. above right: CCB-465 - otherwise known as a Primorye class Soviet research ship transits the Sea of Japan. below right: A Raduzhnyy class Soviet research ship attempts to take a look at Tarawa. ' Red Curtain Page 178 Red Curtain Page 179 Underway Replenishment Underway replenishment (UN- REP) refers to all methods of trans- ferring fuel, munitions, supplies, and men from one ship to another while at sea. Before the techniques of UNREP were developed, a ship that ran low on fuel, supplies, or ammunition had to return to port, or the fleet had to lie to while she was replenished by means of small boats. With UNREP, an entire fleet can be resupplied, re- armed, and refueled within hours, while the fleet is proceeding on its mission. Onboard Tarawa, the divisions of Deck and Engineering are extensive- ly tasked to provide the necessary manpower to ensure that the job is done safely and expeditiously. Time and time again, all hands concerned perform their tasks in a timely and professional manner — showing why USS Tarawa is the 1 LHA! UNREP Page 180 UNREP Page 181 » Tarawa UNREP Scenes UNREP Page 182 s « UNREP Page 183 Vertical Replenishment " Now Station the Vertical Replen- ishment Detail, " announces the boatswain ' s mate of the watch over the IMC. The flight deck controller picks up his microphone and says, " Combat Cargo spot five. " Marines clothed in white Mark 1 lifejackets dash out from Flight Deck Triage to spot five. Fifty feet above them a CH- 46 helicopter is lowering today ' s mail on to the flight deck. The men of Combat Cargo bring the mail and other supplies from the turbulent arena on the flight deck to the crew below. In vertical replenishment, the he- licopter is always airborne. While airborne, it retrieves supplies from the delivery ship or ground station and carries them to the receiving ship. This provides for a fast and ef- ficient way to transport supplies. Vertrep. Page 184 Vertical Replenishment in Subic Bay Vertrep. Page 185 Flight Deck Operations I top: A formation of CH-46 Sea Knights fly overhead, iabove: One of the few Harrier take-offs from Tarawa in 1989. left: A CH-53 Sea Stallion makes its final approach to Tarawa ' s flight deck. Air Ops. Page 187 Air Ops. Page 188 17 Scenes from the flight deck Air Ops. Page 189 Condition 1-Alpha Wet-Well Operations I The Well Deck is the starting and ending point for Marine amphibious operations. The Combat Cargo As- sistant for the Well Deck ensures that the tanks, jeeps, trucks and refu- eling vehicles are pre-positioned so they can be loaded on to the landing craft at the assigned time. The men of Deck Department handle the lines that guide the landing craft in and out of the well deck. Together, these two forces get the job done. right: An LCU makes its approach to Tarawa. Cond. 1A Page 190 left: Second Division personnel prepare to launch an LCU. left: Ready for another amphibious operation. Cond. 1A Page 191 right: A fully loaded LCAC approaches Tarawa ' s stern. right: An empty LCAC returns from the beach. Cond. 1A Page 192 left: LCU-1630 slowly enters the port side of the well deck. left: Two fully loaded LCUs grounded out in the well deck. Cond. 1A Page 193 Pattaya Beach, Thailand The strongest flavor of the orient is found in the beautiful and mysti- cal country of Thailand, which TARAWA visited in August for four eye-opening days. Pattaya Beach offered up a dizzy- ing mix of the old and new — with temples and cobras, monkeys and pizza, beaches and restaurants, first- rate hotels and pulsating night life. The people were bright and friendly wherever we went in Thai- land, including Bangkok to the north. Many people, the world over, consider Bangkok to be the " jewel " of the oriental sightseeing cities. Bargaining with shopowners for everything from gems to oil paint- ings to antiques to beach togs was a particular delight in Pattaya, a beach resort with innumerable small shops and several good department stores. Sailors and marines returned to the ship with many great bargains, evi- dence that, if one knows how to bar- gain, most things in Pattaya shops were " mai paeng, " or " not expen- sive. " After the sun goes down in Thailand, the cities heat up with some of the best nighttime entertain- ment in the orient. Fine dining ex- periences, from American to German to Thai to Italian, are everywhere. Swank nightclubs, massage parlors, Thailand Page 194 -J y t H ' V 3 OT ' fS I and beer bars abound. No matter what the taste, enough " baht " will buy it. Whether a Tarawa sailor or marine wanted to catch a live band or a just watch the ever-unfolding street i . ' t r- V scene, Pattaya never disappointed % A them. m : " ' " : Some pleasant and memorable Sr 1 things from our visit included: eating curry and drinking lots of water at , v ,a the Lobster Pot restaurant; watching the jetskiers and parasailers; watch- ing American cartoons at the Wel- « np j J come Hotel; pizza and beer at Pizza B . B fl Hut; catching a Thai boxing match at the Blue Pattaya Hotel; the tour bus ,i —. ride to Bangkok; seeing bare-footed T Thais handling deadly cobras at the tf Bangkok Zoo; being outstared by an M t — . inscrutable statue of an oriental god- I n _ a «i v dess; and dashing between the rain- drops from a liberty boat to Tim ' s ■ K 1 » 1 1 ' i A M tyifiiu L Beer Bar. rt Ji y Thailand Page 195 right: One of several nice Thai attractions. right: Traffic on Pattaya Beach Road was comparable to mid-day traffic on Harbor Boulevard. Thailand Page 196 left: One of the many busy streets in Bangkok. left: EW2 Schieble enjoys some of the native delicacies. Thailand Page 197 Scenes from Pattaya Beach 198 Tha iland Page 199 right: A snake from Thailand enjoying someone ' s orchid lei. right: Some of Tarawa ' s finest tour the streets of Pattaya Beach. Thailand Page 200 left: Many gold statues could be found in Thailand. below left: A snake handler milks a poisonous snake for its venom. below: A Buddhist monk appears entranced by the camera. Thailand Page 201 Navigati ion ; J ' U F t. t i J» i f. ■I I I THE WORLD Lieutenant Commander Mark S. Sassaman Navigator QMC Jimmy Tafoya QM3 Dwayne Beaman QMSN Joseph Bolduc Nav. Page 204 N Division Navigation is the means by which ships follow a safe, economical and practical course from point A to point B. Using the latest skills of individ- ual sailors, Tarawa ' s Navigation Di- vision keeps the ship on track. Tarawa ' s navigators can slip the ship through a strait at night with no moon, they can predict the changing depth of a harbor and they can, if they have to, chart a course by celes- tial bodies. eft: QMSN Vaughan navigating the " old fashion " way. QMSN Chris Bowen QM2 Terry Demond QMSN Lou Galan QMSN Todd Vaughan Nav. Page 205 I , " r .,i ■ % " - m PB9V ' iw i ■■ ■ ■ " »» — -ffiSSSS A -- tmmmvMm ■ 1 I • ••• •• .... 2s - i k Commander Stephen S. Geddes Operations Officer OPS. Page 210 Operations Scenes left: AG3 Colon plots synoptic data in preparation fo r the morning weather brief. left: EW2(SW) Clark checks the wire connections that support the SLQ-32. OPS. Page 211 OA Division Metro uses the latest technology to forecast Tarawa ' s weather on a day-by-day basis. Constant attention is paid to weather charts, upper air balloons, teletype data, windspeed, air pressure, temperature, humidity and many other factors. The Aero- grapher ' s Mates provide Tarawa with weather information for all oper- ations and a " heads up " on any storms. Lt. Steve Fatjo Division Officer right: AG3 Colon prepares to launch a weather balloon AGAN Hector Colon AG3 James Doherty AG3 Jose Garcia AGAN Daren Grant AGAA Dennis Ivey AGl Forrest R. O ' Neal AGl Christopher Wood OPS. Page 212 oc Division The air traffic controllers of Heli- copter Direction Center keep ever- vi gilant eyes on the skies around the ship, maintaining safe flight patterns and keeping track of each aircraft within the scope of their instru- ments. Carrier-controlled approaches and landings are a significant re- sponsibility, and the steady crew completed 651 during Westpac. left: ACl Hoppes monitoring flight operations. Lt. David Wisniewski Division Officer AC3 Dale Lungren AC3 Bradley Peters AC3 Timothy Price ACl David Spinella AC3 Gary Strassburg AC3 Jesse Walters ACl Wayne York OPS. Page 213 OI Division The crew of OI division haunt Tarawa ' s Combat Information Cen- ter on a 24-hour basis, keeping on- going plans and missions running smoothly. Naval Tactical Data Sys- tem, radar scopes, air-intercept con- soles and other sophisticated gear are just the nuts and bolts — it ' s the brain-power and super-tracking skills of the OS ' s, often during port and starboard watches, that make Tarawa ' s missions so successful. Lt. David Schnell Division Officer OSCM Ron Doris OS3 Bailey Bierig OSSA Richard Boggess OSl Michael Boynton OSSN Marvin Garcia OSSN Kendrick Grady OSSN Wade Griffin OS2 Arthur Guerra OPS. Page 214 left: An operations specialist monitoring air contacts. OSSN Dale Brusius OS3 Keith Busby OS2 Ernest Caballero OSSA Vincent Donald OS3 John Hauser OSSN Joseph Herrin OS2 Gergory Herroe OSSA Greg Hilzer OPS. Page 215 OS2 Robert Hunt OSSN Shayne Isaac OSSA Christopher Jette OSSA Troy Johnson OS3 Douglas Kozal OS3 William Lankford OSl Phil Layton OS3 Donald Lincoln OS2 Roland Logan OS2 Chris Lucier OS2 Lucas Mitchell OSSA Kenneth Muilenburg OS2 John Murphy OS2 Barry Schuler OSSA Cameron Sellers OS2 Kenneth Sisco OPS. Page 216 above: OS2 Wells plotting reported positions. above: Nothing can remain undetected when the Tarawa CIC team is near. OPS. Page 217 above: l above: Concentration is as essential as breathing for the OI crew. OSSN William Stokes OSSN Mark Sutherland OSl Reginald Thomas OS2 Troy Wells OS2 George Wright OSSA Matt Wright OSl William Zefferi OS2 Timothy Zillmer OPS. Page 218 OT Division Tarawa ' s electronic warriors are responsible for guaranteeing the ship ' s ready knowledge of " hostiles and friendlies, " and for going after " threats " with a bevy of jamming and detection gear. Each contact is carefully monitored, electronically probed and surveyed before a judge- ment of its nature is made and the Commanding Officer is notified. Lt.j.g. John Ison Division Officer above: EW3 Glandon monitoring a multitude of air contacts. EWC(SW) Mark Lund EW3 Raymond Clark EW2 Kevin Fritsch EW3 Jim Glandon EW3 Steven Nicola EW3 Nelson Perales EW2 Scott Schiebel EWl Thomas Vukdelich OPS. Page 219 ox Division The journalists and maintenance- men of Tarawa ' s multi-media infor- mation, training and entertainment division provide the crew with a dai- ly injection of news, general military training, television shows, first-run movies and live radio. Ship tours, re- sponses to memorabilia requests and press releases of news-worthy events on Tarawa, and even this cruisebook are efforts of their public affairs mis- sion. Lt. Steve Fatjo Division Officer fc T n in m ii.ii i-nih-i A 1 flf V« ' »VM M Ejjp ■! UMIIIIlltiillllMTI Ifil jflV ■fcJIB ■£. TTTLTtriillHIIIIH ?uH5 m y sf v iff T ■ ■ ™ " « j. 41 VB •••••••••••••••• ea r « m m ' I Hr l fi! - I 1 B ' ' -» TJ H B B B BBBB Hi B Bi. B b1 W lafejftBajB a top: IC2 Simpson repairing a television for the operations communications lounge, above: AC3 Popich gets ready to air the evening ' s television programming. OPS. Page 220 left: IC2 Simpson and J03 Baribeau team up for another edition of the KLHA News. J02 William Mooney AC3 Jody Popich IC2 John Simpson OPS. Page 221 oz Division " Away the snoopy team, away " is a phrase often heard on deployment, whenever " Ivan " is around. The ship ' s Photo Lab provides essential still and video photography for Tarawa, as well as taking, processing and printing all routine photos. The Joint Intelligence Center provides analysis of photographs taken by the photo lab and assesses sensitive in- formation gathered from various D.O.D. sources. ISC Eric Fremgen DP3 Paul Helling IS3 Gregg Hitz ISSN Jerry Jacobs IS3 Dennis Johnson ISl Randy Wauldron OPS. Page 222 Lt. Jeff Craig Division Officer far left: IS3 Johnson and ISSN Jacobs conducting observation training on the 08 level, eft: Good pictures are considered to rarely escape this trio of photographers. PHC Ronald Johanningsmeier PHAA Eric Christison PHAN Gary Jansen PH3 Edward Lynch PH2 Chris Nightingale PH2 Les Waldenburg PHAA Darryl Watts OPS. Page 223 Steel Beach done the Tarawa Way! above right: Satisfying the needs of a lot of thirsty sailors and marines. right: Former Eastern League Rookie of the year, Capt. John Engstrom (USMC) tosses a softball on the flight deck. below: ACl Spinella displays his musical expertise. left: The Executive Officer grills his own steaks. below: Enjoying the warmth of the sun on the flight deck. Steel Beach Page 225 Scenes from " the beach " Safety " Sometimes things just happen, " says one sailor. " Who could have predicted it? " says another. " I didn ' t ever think it could happen to me, " says someone else . . . " it always happens to someone else. " Tarawa ' s safety division examines the safety aspects of everything from underway replenishment to helo ops, from extension cords to lifelines. Their vigilance paid off this deploy- ment: there were no major accidents, loss of aircraft or men lost at sea. AMSl Stacey Frantela ABF2 Charles Hill Lieutenant Commander Jonathan Fish Safety Officer Safety Page 228 SAFhTV m LIU) r V df »- ' ■■■■ ■ Ilfh : ™fe " - m - ;i S. ■I v e ' K. .% " Ensign Michael Reid Security Officer Security The sound of sirens may be absent from the " streets " of Tarawa, but the cop still walks his beat, interdicts il- legal activity, makes routine checks, controls traffic, supervises routine gatherings, guards the VIPs and, in general, keeps good order and stabil- ity in the community. The ship ' s security division Mas- ter At Arms force is ever vigilant, not only acting as a police force, but also acting as drug enforcement agents, security guards, private investigators and bodyguards. Security Page 232 MAC Jerry VonKohn MAI William Fenby MA2 Eddie Joyner MA2 Paul Sturm MAI Renato Tiongco MAI Peter Towle MAI James Walker SM2 Alan Yohn Security Page 233 Sasebo, Japan i f Snpporo -ik., : iKY0 y«„ Repairs to Tarawa ' s Engineering Plant required us to deviate from our planned port visit to Beppu, Japan, and instead we found ourselves pier- side in Sasebo for a few days in Octo- ber. Busy Sasebo is nestled between the sea and green mountains, south of Tokyo, on the island of Kyushu. The Japanese are friendly and ener- getic, with a viewpoint that is at once both contemporary and traditional. Shopping was expensive but fun, both in small shops scattered throughout the city and in the gigan- tic shopping mall. The mall, chock full of the latest Japanese electronics and fashions, was a place where 50 to 100 dollars went quickly for those unable to grow comfortable with the " thousands of yen " that seemed so much — and yet was " not that much at all! " Still, one didn ' t have to spend money to have fun in Sasebo. Many of us just strolled the city ' s clean streets, catching the flavor of the ori- ent by observing the sights and sounds of a " typical " Japanese city. Still others found that it didn ' t take that much yen to take in a first- run movie with English subtitles, grab a burger at McDonalds, or take a taxi to the top of the Sasebo hills for a spectacular view of the harbor. Some had taken advantage of sev- eral tours offered by Welfare and Re- creation, visiting such places as Nagasaki and the great suspension bridge. Repairs were made, and Tarawa headed south for the Philippines with crewmembers remembering their own particular Sasebo mo- ments: a sumptuous dinner at the base restaurant, picking up a Laser- disc player at the base exchange, the total absence of litter on Sasebo streets, and a compact disc that was labeled solely in Japanese characters, warm saki or Asahi Beer at happy hour in Sailor Town, or a full-dress traditional costume parade through downtown. Sasebo Page 234 left: Tarawa, as it could be seen from the Sasebo hillside, far left: The entrance to the Peace Park at Nagasakai. below: The hosts for our Japanese port visit. Sasebo Page 235 Sasebo Page 236 Scenes from Sasebo Sasebo Page 237 right: One hand points from where the atomic bomb that hit Nagasaki came from, the other hand points to where the bomb impacted. right: A lion statue near Nagasaki ' s Peace Park. Sasebo Page 238 left: Japanese statues impose a silent watch in the courtyard of Japanese shirne. left: A young Saseboan feeds the pigeons. Sasebo Page 239 mB Hong Kong Tarawa entered one of the world ' s busiest harbors on November 22, with crewmembers and embarked marines manning the rails in service dress blues. It was an auspicious be- ginning to this long anticipated port visit. Just because it wasn ' t yet De- cember, didn ' t mean that we didn ' t have the holiday spirit. This was the last liberty port before heading home for San Diego, our families and Christmas parties. The British Crown Colony of Hong Kong is as inviting a shopping mecca as anywhere else in the world, boasting an abundance of exotic and practical gifts from many countries. For most sailors and marines, shop- ping was in order. Fine tailored suits, silk, chess boards with hand carved pieces, stunning kimonos, chinaware, figur- ines, splendid jewelry, stereo equip- ment, -: n I Heft: A stunning view of Hong Kong and the surrounding provinces from Victoria Peak. Wjtop: The " Eagle of the Sea " as seen from the Kowloon province. Habove: After an eventful day, most of us returned to the 1 Gator moored in Victoria Harbor. Hong Kong Page 243 televisions and all kinds of carved or polished jade artifacts — all awaited the anxious billfolds brimming with Hong Kong dollars. A few of us were there for other things besides shopping, and this busy city didn ' t disappoint us. Some sailors and marines took refuge in quiet parks, or took the Peak Tram to Victoria Peak for a stunning view, or went dancing at a posh discotheque, or traveled by Star Ferry across the harbor to Kowloon and the New Ter- ritories. Others took advantage of the many tours that presented them- selves, especially the one that includ- ed a sumptuous Chinese dinner on a floating restaurant. Whatever the inclination, Hong Kong rose to the occasion. Hong Kong Page 244 Whether we wanted to play rugby, visit Tiger Balm Gardens, eat genu- ine Cantonese spare ribs, ingest shark fin or bird nest soup, fly an oriental kite, take a train to the bor- der of China, visit a historical muse- um, have a glass of Foster ' s Lager with our " mates " at the Kangaroo Pub — or simply take snapshots or video of the sights and sounds of the most modern city in the orient, the port of Hong Kong was our play- ground for five marvelous days and Five enchanting nights. We stood at the rails, heading for the long transit home, and knew we had experienced the full flavor of the mysterious orient in a way that many Americans never have the opportuni- ty to do all their lives. Hong Kong Page 245 Hong Kong Page 246 Scenes from Hong Kong Hong Kong Page 247 «, ■•» ,.—- ■« — I- - • " k V K fS Supply Commander Dale J. Zehner Supply Officer Lt. Cmdr. Bob Brown Asst. Supply Officer Supply Page 252 Division It can be difficult for a ship to operate without a supply depart- ment. S-l division is the hub of the supply department. The Storekeep- ers (SKs) of S-l division are responsi- ble for ensuring th at all the neces- sary supplies are on board, so they can be procurred by the divisional supply petty officers. S-l also main- tains financial accounting records. Lt. Elliott Yoder Division Officer above: SK3 Cruz sorting filled requisitions AKCS Desiderio Alhambra SKCS Marino Camia SK2 Richard Berumen SK3 Felix Cruz AK3 Antonio Joaquin SKI Firpo Selag SK.2 Terry Taylor SKI Romeo Valdez Supply Page 253 S-2 Division The Mess Management Specialist (MS) on board Tarawa are always there for us, three meals a day, 1,095 meals a year (not including midrats). Waking before the sun rises and se- curing well after the sun has set is a standard operating procedure for the MS. Long working hours and the lo- gistics of managing great quantities of food can be enough to challenge any mind. Despite all the advesities Tarawa ' s Mess Management Special- ist continue to strive towards perfec- tion and provide the best service pos- sible. MSC Ismael Labrador MSC Jacinto Oximana MS2 Louis Alexander MSSR Ariel Aranzaso MSSA Jose Dobeno MSSA Edward O ' Brien MSSN D.B. Farahkhan MSSN Earnest Frye Supply Page 254 far left: And they said cutting cheese wasn ' t fun. left: An MS prepares " hot plates " for a hungry flight deck crew. MSSA Carlos Arellano MS2 Ron Baier MSSA Terry Baskin MSSN Honorio Cabardo MSSR Kevin Gabbert MSSN James Gitao MS2 Roberto Goco SN Micah Hall Supply Page 255 MSSN Xavier Hickerson MSSN William Kelty MSSN Marantonio Mateo MS2 Edgar Melchor MSSR Celso Monserrat MSl Adeleo Oasin MSI Felix Rojas MSl Aaron Twiggs MSSR Darrin Williams MSl Joseph Zovich Supply Page 256 " Hove; ft. i mk above: Onboard Tarawa, E stands for Excellence. Excellence is what the supply team achieved during its recent Supply Management Assessment. Supply Page 257 S-3 Division The Sales Division (S-3) is the home of Tarawa ' s customer service needs. Service is the first, middle and last name for this division. The Ship ' s Servicemen (SHs) of S-3 are responsible for the operation of the " Eagle Emporium " (ship ' s store), laundry, barber and beverage ser- vices. Profits from the sales in the ship ' s store are transferred to the ship ' s Welfare and Recreation fund. The ship ' s laundry recognizes the need for clean uniforms by main- taining a round-the-clock operation (while on deployment) for six days a week. Lt. Mark Edson Division Officer above: SN Ferrel registers another sale at the Eagle Emporium. SHC Robert Peevy SHI Frank Blitz SH3 Hung Ha SH3 Reginald Jones SH3 Jeff Skjeie SH2 A. Tagavilla SH3 Raymond Vaughn Supply Page 258 S-4 Division The buck stops here! Though they may be few in number, but they have a great impact on all of us. The mys- terious few in question are the Dis- bursing Clerks or " DKs " of S-4 divi- sion. Tarawa ' s DKs process travel claims, start and stop allotments, pay advance pay, issue Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) cards — and arrange for all of Tarawa ' s nearly 900-man crew to be paid twice a month. Lt. Hall and DKCS Filoteo can frequent- ly be seen filling the ATMs with cash or ensuring there up to speed for a three-day weekend. Lt. Daryl Hall Division Officer above: Lt. Hall preparing to load the Automatic Teller Machines. DKCS Manuel Filoteo DK.2 Benjamin Parran DK3 Robert Heidelburg Supply Page 259 Lt.j.g. Matt Hellman Lt. Rich Iannicca Division Officers S-6 Division S-6 division provides supply sup- port for both aviation and surface elements on board Tarawa. The storekeepers are responsible for maintaining approximately 35 store- rooms of aviation and shipboard parts and componets. While under- way, working around the clock, these men are an essential element in maintaining a high state of aircraft readiness. They expeditiously pro- vide critically needed repair parts to keep the aircraft flying. Once the ship pulls into port, their work con- tinues, bringing aboard and stowing supplies for the next at sea period. Supply Page 260 above: No order is too big for a Tarawa storekeeper to fill. f! AKC Frederick Warren AKCS Daniel Ziglinski SKSN John Allen AKl Albert Devela SK2 Stephen Donner SK3 Jovel Gazmen AKAA David Lammers AK3 Eric Lewis AK.2 F. Manalansan SKSA Jade Ohlsson AK.3 Thomas Parker AKl Benjamin Requina AK3 Daniel Silos AKl Larry Strong AK2 Walter Torres Supply Page 261 Lt. Anthony Shepherd Division Officer S-7 Division The Automatic Data Processing (ADP) center on the 04 level is the home of S-7 division. Through this control center, the data systems tech- nicians and data processing techni- cians maintain the SUADPS and OMMS computer systems. Tarawa ' s S-7 division was the first Pacific Fleet Surface Ship to implement the SUADPS RT Release 3 and to operate with an upgraded 9X hardware and software configuration. above Tkh above: DPC Steinbauer checks the status of the AN UYK-65(V) computer. Supply Page 262 Ml ■ ' ' ;::: above: Troubleshooting on the AN UYK-65(V) computer system. DPC Rick Steinbauer SN Shane Brackett DP2 Jim Brown DP3 Frank Crimsman DPSN Anthony Davison DPSN Larry Davison DP3 Gary Dunnington DS2 Phillip Gantz DPSN William Heasley DS3 Mark Karliner DP3 Broderick Mayes DP3 Kane McKee DP2 Jeff Searle DP2 Darrell Shimel DP2 Danny Sletten Supply Page 263 ABH3 Rodolfo Garcia DPSA Florentino RM3 Wash Hill ABH3 William Joseph Additional Personnel Page 264 Additional! Personnel! MMCM Ben Sanes SKCS Edgar Monzon FCC Gary Kemerling AN Michael Abbott ABFAN Mark Becker Lt. Damon Mabee Gunnery Sgt. George Alvarado OSC Michael Anderson AE2 John Briggs MM3 Manuel Canlas IS3 Dan Dement LNl Richard Kadlec FCl Kevin Lennon DC2 Alan Lomax SN Rick Lucero Additional Personnel Page 265 ABH2 Chuck Meeuwsen AD3 Potcholo Nicolas SA Jimmy Saltos EN3 Michael Toole RMSN Mike Vietmeier QMSN R. Villagomez HT3 Kenneth Walk Additional Personnel Page 266 AN Keith Schillea SK2 Daniel Silos BMSN Jim Stankey RMSA Ronald Miller AOAR Christopher Rice SA William Roman DC3 Mike Stallings DCFN Charles Smith IC2 Jesus Soto BMl James Walters ABHl Donald Williams SN William Wimberly FC3 Rodger Woods Additional Personnel Page 267 DA Jamie Buniao EM3 Leonardo NO David Callahan Sgt. Dennis Duffy Additions to the team Page 268 Lt. Thomas Hartline Lt. M.K. Tribbie Capt. John Yuhas EWSA Antonio Adams Cpl. Boblin Anderson DS3 Eric Artis I Additions to the team Ensign F.R. Agpaoa AFCM Zoilo Nazal Jr. BMCS Mark Tahimic AGC(SW) Jeff Lenhart ATAA Martin Bilben Sgt. Jerome Bradley SM2 Timothy Brand OSSA Lawrence Grose Cpl. William Herbert DPI Mark Higgins OSSR Tim Hodge Additions to the team Page 269 DS3 Gary Holtry A03 Steve Ingram ATAA Steven Karki Cpl. Arthur Pena OSl Sean Royal A03 John Snickers DKSA John Stanfill Additions to the team Page 270 FCSN Donald Maddox OSSN James Matracia FR James McKewen 3 w Ht ?» - MB 1 1 p l 1 HkJN I H i! ovT ■ EWSA Charles Ingle Cpl. Paul Long BTl Ken MacDonald EWl Timothy Murphy SA David Nagle Cpl. David Palm BMSA Lee Thompson A03 Daniel Timmons HMl Steven Willson DSl Dante Yumol Additions to the team Page 271 The ships of Amphibious Squadron One USS Anchorage (LSD-36) m m. mwm - sgp USS Bristol County (LST-1198) -i i,.y , -4-j I Ships Page 272 • US An JSS Vancouver (LPD-2) HHMHm «hbh tove: USS Anchorage, USS Vancouver and USS Tarawa steam in formation to Pusan, South Korea. Pearl Harbor MIDWAY ISLANDS left: The crew manning the rails again as we depart Kilo pier. far left: Looking out at American soil. below left: This is as close to Waikiki and Diamond Head as we could get. below: A monument that reminds us of " a day that will live in infamy. " Pearl Page 275 above: A tiger enjoys lunch on the mess decks. above: RPl Covington, his dad, friend and father-in-law enjoy some rest. Mr. H above: Mr. Baribeau steers the TARAWA from the bridge. above: DP2 Tim Brown covers safety ground rules with some Tigers. I above: Mr. Hall and his son Andrew choose from a variety of Tiger shirts. I Tiger Cruise Page 277 Homecoming! right: Cmdr. Almy greets his wife, Virginia. right: Youngsters await Uncle Alan ' s arrival. Homecoming Page 278 above: OSSN Wade Griffin holds his son for the first time as his wife, Elizabeth, looks on. above: Many of the Tarawa faithful anxiously wait on the pier. Homecoming Page 279 below: Red and green balloons rising in the air as Tarawa approaches Pier 7. right: Cmdr. Geddes is greeted by his happy daughter. bottom center: " Welcome Home! " left: Homecoming - a day of many happy faces and hearts. below: IS3 Johnson throws his " dixie cap " cover over the side symbolizing his last deployment. I Page 281 The End Page 282 USS Tarawa (LHA-1) " Eagle of the Sea " Western Pacific Deployment 1989 Public Affairs Officer: Lt. Steve J. Fatjo Cruisebook Advisor: J02 William W. Mooney Cruisebook Editor: J03 Alan J. Baribeau Staff Photographers: Photo Contributions: PHC Ronald A. Johanningsmeier PHAN Eric W. Christison PHAN Gary G. Jansen Jr. PH3 Edward P. Lynch PH2 Christian Nightingale Lt.j.g. John B. Ison Ensign Stuart Siegel J03 Alan J. Baribeau Color Processing: PHAN Darryl B. Watts Staff Writers Design: J02 William W. Mooney J03 Alan J. Baribeau Staff Layout Work: Layout Support: J03 Alan J. Baribeau Lance Cpl. Brian Hart HM2 Dale Zuniga Lt. Steve Fatjo Ensign Stuart Siegel JOSA Phillip S. Arthur PN3 Karl Koerperich J02 William W. Mooney RM3 Jeff Schafer PN3 Bryan L. Williams This cruisebook was produced by the Public Affairs Staff, OX Division, with volunteer support from the crew of the " Eagle of the Sea. " - i M iif iiii »- . - ■ — rS ' n.iii: ? 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