University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA)

 - Class of 1906

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University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1906 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 102 of the 1906 volume:

EXPONENT I- ,- , er UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES ilypographg bg abp Hp-tfl-Salp rpsa Sngraumg bg Silpg-iHonrp tttgrauing CCnj ;iati0 iiaa Angplra [Copyrig-hted. 1906. by Jos. Phillis.] 172159 Xaboto it, noU) anb fjere, l otD all fjalfncgg to forfiituear, 3 nh in tije t©t)ole, tf)c OBooti, tfje JFair iFaitfjfullp to libc. f ? I 7? wt ijTlnrpcf Vvn7r€.ir yyivjcl cl 0+I7 V5I0W YYitV frer xv ol a. " toTY ' p. l?)[f ' t Oreer -r e clle to t u.p o lik fVje piye i oiA.r TOi j fJ jL i pj i cla ,« coiT e 0.1701 rfo Oory ? ( eytl? are , o ] il wiyd EDITH CBVIN , ?res (3eT?t MrRTLE BOyiE, " Vice -prco ' ident JOHN DOYLE T e sijr 2r Grkte. artor Society 3, l - A3a - iebM- H Bvs.fl i U«lk Smltly-Zj tist rflW Tbcal - Chief Avfist l innJeJlair- rtiat ' ■ :; ' ' " « ih.h Asst " Wfiat Wt S eprtsent ' T may be of interest to readers of The Ex- ponent to know something- of the past his- tory of the Senior A ' s, their birthpkice, and their preparation for Normal School. Out of a class numbering nearly one hundred and ten we find that but twenty- three, or about one-fifth, are native-born Californians. Of the large remainder five are of foreign birth, hailing from Vancouver Island, New Zealand, Can- ada and Engkind. New England can lay claim only to four, three from Massachusetts and one from Connecticut. Other Eastern states are rather meagerly represented. New York leading with six and none of the others having more than one representative. Fewer still come from the South, as Texas, Alabama, Mississippi, Kentucky and Tennessee are the only states on the list. Evidently it is from the Western and Central states that we draw our largest number. Iowa leads with eight, and Illinois and Kansas follow with seven and six respectively. From these the number dwindles down to Wisconsin with five; Ohio, Michigan and Missouri with three each; Minnesota, Nebraska, the Dakotas, Colorado and New Mexico with two each, while Oregon and In- diana bring up the rear with one apiece. In all these are twent3 " -five states represented. When we look at the past prej aration of the class we find a still more varied tale. Twenty-three members of the class entered the Normal School from the grammar grades, though several of these were in high school for a 3 ear or two. The great majority of the class have had the full high school course, and in this division we find that fifteen are graduates of the Los Ang ' eles Hig-h School; twenty -four come from other Califor schools, and twenty-three from other schools rank all over the country, usually from those in their native states. Two members are graduates of the Kin- dergarten here and are now completing the regular course. There are eighteen in the class who have either graduated from or attended other normal schools for a part of the course. Twenty have had experience in teaching prior to their work here, and one at least has taught twenty 3 ears. The greater part of these gained their experience in the mid- dle western states. We have quite a fair proportion of col- leg-e girls in our class. Three have their degree and nine have had at least six months ' college work. Eight colleges are represented: Universities of Washington, Chicago, California, Cornell, Tufts, Mt. Holyoke, State College of Kentucky and Occidental. Thus ends our surve} ' of the class. It is quite safe to conclude that one does not often find so cosmopolitan a group gathered together under one roof. ALICE C. PAIXE. nia high of a like Neuif K. IK- win Sarah Stevenson Alice C Paine Mav Stone Pt-arle Ea.-M n Mary K. Sclby Uell.- Burn Rossetta W. Merrick Annie L. Mclntyre Edna E. Barnes Julia Chamberlain Pearl Milner Eniilv Shepherd Floss M. Pond Lena F. Grubb Albra E. Haves Vera Curl " Florence E. Johnston Edna Wade Harriet B. Waterbury Sarah E. Warne Minnie Lomnien Ethel A. Ling-e Roniaine Sessions Bessie Halsey Fanny Soules Annie Howard Ethel S. Mee Beatrice Chanev Catherine Harkness May Shields Georgia Lois Knig ' ht Lucv Blair Rose Boyer May Rose Ida M. Rankin Maud Shields Edna V. Si. Merry Adelaide Ellis Viola Seawell Anna Heller Bertha Knig-ht Flora C. Reed Alice M. Guthrie Hazel G. Warren Marilla S. Chapman Blanche S. Shea Bertha E. James Lulu Tryon Jean Ag ' nes Graham Helen Van Dam Altha M. Winn Elsie Hasson Alice Scheerer Lona A. Reed Gratia Trefetlien Eninia A. Boner Rena Howe Grace Helen Todd Nellie Haddock G. Wiiiifi-fd Smith Daisy M, Burns Edna May Carpenter " Grace N. Gill Laura " P. Charles Ruth B. Colborn Edyar A. Norton Myrtle A. Coy Jessie M. Spritifjer FOHtAL. To all our fellow students and friends of the State Normal School of Los Angeles, from the Exponent of the Summer Class of ' 06, (Srwtutgs: We submit to you the result of our aim and efforts to prepare a book that will be profitable, interesting and en- tertainino-. How far we have succeeded, it is for you to judge. The Exponent should have such intrinsic worth, such suggestiveness, and such enduring qualities that in the years to come yon may take it from its favoi ' ed place on your book shelves and find it an unfailing joy, remind- ing 3 ou of the life and spirit of the school in which you spent so many daj ' s, conjuring up in fanc ' s play the forms of those with whom you were once so intimatelj " associated. If this be the outcome of the time and labor spent in the preparation of this book, then we have full repaj ment and are quite content. Pleasure and profit have been ours during the weeks we have frequented the old, but newl} decorated halls of the Normal School. But our thoughts are deeply tinged with the not unalloyed joy of the anticipated separation which our graduation will bring. We shall go forth into the world to oui ' work, and to find other friends; but we shall miss greatly the school life, our fellow students and friends, and most of all our teachers who have been ever willing and ready to help us, have been our inspiration as well as, sometimes, our despair. By their example have they shown us what it means to live a noble life and in so living to build up a character strong and high and fine. We appreciate what they have all labored to do in our behalf — possibl} ' not quite fully now, but we shall inereas- inglj as life brings to us wisdom and insight. We recog- nize that our faculty seeks to uplift the work of education so as the more effectively to build up the right kind of character; and that we have become the beneficiaries of their labors and ideals. It is, then, decidedlj natural that we should be reluctant to say farewell to our teachers who have had, and will have alwaj s, our best interests at heart. We, The Exponent staff, have labored long and faithfullj in the preparation of this little book, but not to our labor alone do we attribute its success. Without the willing and cheerful cooperation of students and teach- ers it could never have seen the light of da3 Deep and sincere is our appreciation of this fact. We are no more grateful for material used than for the contributions, of which lack of space has prevented the publication. One of our most serious difficulties has been lack of space. We allotted a special place for each department and or- ganization : and, as The Exponent stands for the school and school life, we have sought to make it thoroughl} representative. To Dr. Allen and Dr. Smith, who during the past weeks have given freely of their time and service, at every step in the making of The Exponent, we express our appreciation and thankfulness. To our printer, the best to be found, we owe no inconsiderable gratitude. There has not previously been an Exponent so gener- ously illustrated with original cuts, for all of which we are indebted to the printer. It may not be improper in this place to express our thanks to our official photog- rapher, Mr. Howland, for his generous and excellent work, which, however, bears its own testimony in the pages of The Exponent. With all its faults and virtues, knowing its faults will be forgiven and its virtues appreciated b} those who have the good fortune to peruse its pages and to know the meaning of our all too unsuccessful efforts, we, the editor and staff, herewith send out The Exponent of 1906 into the bright light of the world. »s i?m , iB ,sm ,sme . m (•• • ' tieals X " DEALS are not mere visions of beauty whose pur- pose is to arouse wonder and admiration. They jft? ' " ■ are commands to be obeyed — divine injunctions 8 upon the actual to realize the potential, challenges to the m soul to attain its possibilities. W hether they will be true guiding stars of fortune, leading on to noble achievement and to higher goals of manhood and womanhood, or the illusive glow of the will-o ' -the-wisp, leading nowhither, I depends upon the measure of compliance with their behests. " Wherefore, 1 was not disobedient unto the heavenly vision " is the epitome of a life and a career I hardly equalled for moral grandeur by any other in ?• history. The talent uninvested is taken away, opportunity m neglected is forfeited, power unused is lost, conscience JQfl unheeded grows dumb. But of all the sad penalties which result from disregard of the law of function, the saddest is the loss of ideals by those who do not pursue them. " Where there is no vision, the people perish. " Now and then we hear that one has attained his ' f ideal. We may be sure it was a counterfeit. Ambitions 0-, may be realized, true ideals never; and pity it is that J men and women so often prefer enjoyment of present J attainment rather than continued pursuit of what is higher. All of us are in danger of looking with com- g placency upon our efforts and of being content with low C and paltry achievement — a danger, failure to e-cape which »• means paralysis and decay. Only those ideals that are unattainable are worth pursuing. As we follow after 2| these they elude us, but the pursuit always carries us 1S|S« higher, never lower; and, after all, its uplifting power lffi constitutes the t rue worth of the ideal. 4 S The world ' s greatest need, now, is for young men JHT and young women who have learned not merely to build « castles, but to defend them — dreamers whose dreams " n beget high resolve and brave deeds; idealists whose pur- pose is to realize their highest visions and who have fSiSt courage to match their resolution. For them " life will Jjftf be worth living; for they will make it so. " S .JESSE F. AIII.T.SPAUGi-H. ©ur iFacultp Jesse F. Millspaugh, A.M., M.D., President Melville Dozier, B.P., J ' ice-President and Mathematics Harriet E. Duxx, Secretary and History T. R. CrosweLL, Ph.D., Supervisor of Training School Jessie B. Allex, Ph.D., Psychology Frederick H. Beals, A.M., Physics and Physiology James F. Chamberlaix, Sc.B., E d.B., Geography ■ Agxes Elliott, History May a. Exglish, Mathematics and Chemistry Katherixe Gill, Reading Jexxie Hag ax. Music Jessica C. Hazzard, Domestic Art and Science Fred Allisox Howe, LL.B., Ph.D., English Sarah J. Jacobs, Physical Training Charles W. Kext, Sc.B., Manual Training Ada M. Laughlix, Drawing EoYE Holmes Miller, M.S., Nature Study Sarah P. Moxks, A.M., Biology Josephixe E. Seamax, English Everett Shepardsox, A.M., Pedagogy and Child-Study Wayxe p. Smith, A.M., Ph.D., History and History of Education Ella G. Wood, A.B., English Critic CcacfjcrS Kate F. Osgood, City Principal Helex C. McKexzie Clara M. Prestox Carrie Reeves Albertixa Smith M. Belle Stever Elizabeth Sullivax Clinbergartcn Isabel Frexch, Director Gail Harrisox Absent on Leave Xt ig in no toige bifficult for man to perceibe tijat Hibing isi a procesisi of ISebirtf) tfjat fenotosi no enb. Ct)e OBrotoing Spirit of man isi altnaps ; breaking toitf) siometul)at of itsi pas;t mobe of Seeing anb Cfjouglit, is; eager to commit itsi acfjiebementsi to tfje Cftiber of 1letf)e anb to continue toitf) Courage anb ounbnesisJ of iFaiti) in tfje Habor of itsi elftransiformation, in tfje mastering anb utilisation of tfte netnlp bisi= cerneb conbitionsi anb posisiibilitiesi of its; bebelopment. (g at is! impogsiible for tfje litic man cfacr to be toJjoUp gatisif ieb tuiti) fji£f accompIigi)mcnt£i, for tip eacf) neto anb txjortfjp ab= tiancE ije ig f treb toitij C igt) r 3Ibeals! anb sitronger, more per£iis;t= ent tribing to ri e to, to toin, anb to enjop Clicker, iFuUer TLiit. Sesitlesisinesis; is; tfje mark of Hife. 3n tfte siilence of nigtt it toils; anb moils;, in tfje bap itsi forces; are in finesit plap of aftion. Cf)e s;tamp of approbal on a completeb chapter of its; efforts; anb progresis; is; but tf)e s;ignal for l igfjer Sbeals;, Clearer 3ns;igf)t into t()e Jf eaning of tlje t)cile, antx Efforts; to realise anotfjer l ealtfjier anb l©ealtJ)ier Chapter of oul Hif e. Campins on t }t dtusJgian (liber AST summer a part}- of four, of whom I was one, de- ncided to spend several weeks camping in the Russian River country. To me the region was almost a fe?v ' a incognita ; but I had heard it praised for its pictur- esque beauty and spoken of as an ideal place for a summer outing. When I had felt its charm, I was ready to say, like the Queen of Sheba, that the half had not been told. Our destination was Guernewood Park, a point on the Russian River, thirty miles beyond Santa Rosa. Two of our party having preceded me and, the third being detained, I made the journey from San Francisco alone; nevertheless, the beaut} ' of the country through which I passed made the trip a de- lightful one. For some distance the train wound among softly rounded hills, golden brown in the summer sunshine and thickly studded with spreading live-oaks. Then the hills gave place to a level, cultivated country, where soft-eyed cows were grazing in the meadows, and fruit hung thick on orchard boughs, and wide fields of hop vines swung their tendrils in the breeze, and in the haz} ' dis- tance the quiet mountains lifted themselves against the sk}- . Through one flourishing town after another we sped — San Rafael, Petaluma, and last of all, Santa Rosa. Be3 " ond Santa Rosa the valley grew narrower ; the mountain walls began to close in upon us ; and soon we were following the course of a clear stream which loitered quietly along through grassy meadows. This was my introduction to the Russian River. A little farther, and we were winding with many a sharp curve through a wooded mountain canyon, in some places just wide enough for the river and the railway ; in others opening to show fleeting glimpses, up narrow side valleys, of a meadow or a hop field or a patch of corn, all dotted with the scarred and black- ened stumps of ancient redwoods. We were now Hearing our destination. In half an liour or there- abouts the conductor called " Guernewood Park, " and with a num- ber of others I alighted from the train to find myself in a beautiful grove of young redwoods. A throng of people had gathered to see the train come in or to greet new arrivals ; but nowhere was there any sign of a house or other building. All around us rose the stately ranks of trees, with here and there, through the boughs, the glim- mer of a white tent. I had scarcel} more than time to draw one delighted breath at the beauty and wildness of it all when I was pounced upon by the Boy of our party and carried off in great glee to our camp. In and out we wound among the trees, until my guide said, " Here we are " ; and lifting a curtain that hung between two great redwood stumps, I entered our summer home, and after due greeting looked about me. On every side rose clusters of tall, slender young redwoods, en- circling, as is the habit of these trees, the stumps of their mighty ancestors, fallen before the lumberman ' s ax. Over the greater part of the camp, their interlacing branches made a sunlit canopy; but in the middle was an open space, roofed only by the blue dome of the sky, whence, at mid-day, streamed down a flood of w armth and light. Gay Chinese lanterns were swinging from the boughs; hammocks and rustic chairs invited one to rest; and three white tents in the background gave assurance of comfortable sleeeping accommodations. But the most beautiful spot in the camp was a point of land lying bej ' ond the circle of tents and overlooking the river. Here one could lie in the shade of great trees, and see, thirty or forty feet below, the little stream, rippling and flashing between its steep, wooded banks, and hear the water lapping softly against the sides of the boat that lay tied at the landing. All this was our own domain, and it was but one of many such scattered through the park, each shut in from the prying gaze of out- siders by a high burlap screen. The grove in which the camps were located occupies the top of a long, narrow liluff between the river and the mountains, and is everywhere surrounded b} ' scenes of quiet and peaceful, and yet majestic beauty. The landscape has none of the rugged grandeur that often characterizes mountain scenery. There are no awful precipices, no sky-splitting peaks; but the mountains with their softly curving outlines wear a gentle and benignant aspect. Nature in a kindly mood has covered over all the seams and scars in their mighty sides, and made them beautiful with verdure. Here the stately redwoods stand in solemn, unbroken ranks from base to summit, and etch their black branches against the sky. There the brighter green of bay tree and maple, or the brilliant red trunk and glossy foliage of the madrona mingle wdth and lighten the solemn grandeur of the redwoods. Occasionally there are great bare patches, where a few blackened trunks and scarred and leafless boughs tell of the tempests of fire that from time to time have swept through the woodland; but except for these, the mountain sides seem to be an almost unbroken forest, and the deep, reposeful green that meets the eye on every side is the peculiar charm of the landscape. The river that is the heart of the whole region winds with many a gracious curve between its mountains to the sea. Sometimes they stand back from it a little, leaving a strip of silver ' sand, or per- haps a level bluff or a sloping hillside, where there are houses and gardens and orchards ; but for the most part they gather about it as if they loved it. And no wonder ; for ever} ' bend in its course reveals some new beauty. There are long quiet stretches, where, when the wind is still, the river is like glass, and mirrors in its green depths mountain and .sk}- and passing cloud, so that to glide over it is like floating between two worlds. There are .shallows where the swift, bright water ripples noisily over its sands and peb- bles, and the rower ' s boat grazes the bottom as he passes. And along the banks, under the overhanging willows or in the shade of the great rocks, there are deep, dark pools which the bather shuns, but in which the wary fish love to lurk. The river does not alwa3 ' s flow along .so peacefully: of debris high up in the willows show that it can rage tempestuously at times; but its summer mood is one of calm serenity. Such, too, .seems to be the mood of those who come to loiter awhile on its banks. The inconveniences incident to this woodland life — and in this case they are few and trivial — are lightly borne. Ivife moves easily along, because it moves in simple and natural channels, and evers day brings plea.sures that renew body and spirit alike. There are long nights of dreamless, life-giving .sleep. There are lazy noontide hours, when it is bliss to .swing idly in one ' s ham- mock and look up through the feathery foliage to the tender blue of the far-off sky, or gaze dreamily through the sunlit forest vistas, where lights and shadows are perpetually chasing each other as the breeze swa ' s the branches to and fro. There are invigorating tramps over the mountains, from which one returns laden with ferns or wild flowers or pails of luscious huckleberries. There are pleas- ant evenings around the camp fire, when the stars are gleaming overhead, and the leaping flames throw fantastic .shadows all about, and one ' s own enjoyment is enhanced b}- the .sounds of mu.sic and merry laughter from the neighboring camps. There are long, peace- ful hours on the river, sometimes in the morning, when the sky is still gra} ' with the fog that drifted in last night from the .sea, and the cool, moist air is unstirred by an}- breath of wind, and the only sound is the dip of oars in the water ; .sometimes in the brightness of the early afternoon, when the fresh sea breeze, sweeping up the canyon, has .set all the willow leaves a-quiver, and broken up the surface of the water into a million dancing wavelets that flash in the sun.shine; sometimes in the early gloaming, when the soft white wi.sps of fog are again stealing over the mountain tops, and then, little by little, enveloping their .sides in a gray mist, and floating slowly downward to mingle with another silvery mist that is creep- ing along the surface of the water ; or later in the evening, when the full moon, hanging above the tree tops, has turned the mid- stream to silver, while black shadows still lurk along the shores, and one ' s boat glides softly through light and shadow, and the spell of the night is on one ' s heart. The charm of this peaceful outdoor life laj ' S hold on the sojourner more and more as weeks roll by. He enjoys its unconventionalit} ' ; he delights in its freedom from rush and hurry and the strife for gain ; he takes increased delight in its simple pleasures ; and his soul opens wider day by da} ' to the sweet ministry of nature. It is little wonder that increasing hundreds seek health and pleasure in this region every year. For several miles up and down the beautiful river are scattered, singly or in groups, the camps and cottages of these summer pilgrims. -In remote farmhouses, too, miles away among the mountains, the summer boarder finds a peaceful retreat and helps to swell the farmer ' s scant} ' income. Many of these visitors to the Russian River return year after year. We met families that for a decade had never failed to make their annual pilgrimage to this spot. At first the new comer wonders at their constancy ; but when the charm of the place has entered his blood, he resolves to " go and do likewise. " And if, perchance, an unkind Fate forbids his return, he still looks longingly, as summer approaches, toward this home of woodland beauty and peace. —JOSEPHINE E. SEAMAN. .i uggesitions; for tlje i§ci)ool 25arben N the work to which the normal graduate goes forth, the school garden is so essential a feature that these few suggestions on its establishment and care are offered with the hope that they may be of general in- terest. The various points are discussed with the view of making the method of procedure logical and, in greater or less degree, comprehensible to children. Having the necessary space for the garden, what is the first step in its preparation? The schoolhouse is established so early in the life of a comnui- nity that it occupies ground that has never known the plow. Its grounds are virgin soil, so the first step is that of the pioneer — to break the sod. In your garden this is done by deep spading. A firmly trodden school yard will generally require a pick to precede the spade. But whatever the requirement, the result must be a deep and thorough stirring. The reason for this step may be con- sidered under the heads aeration, penetration and fertilization. Natural soil, like natural water, is a medium teaming with life. There are, besides the multitudes of visible forms, such as earth- worms, larvae, crickets, etc., the hosts of invisible bacteria which, we have recently learned, are of such vital importance in determin- ing the richness of the soil. The little helpers, the bacteria, reduce their activity or lie dormant as the air supply is exhausted. An aeration of the soil revives their energies and provides for their numerical increase. The roots of plants spread out under ground in many cases to greater distances than do the branches above it. Roots breathe just as truly as we do, although, to be sure, less ac- tively. Entire exclusion of air from the soil smothers the plant. For these reasons, not only breaking the sod, but later and frequent tillage is advantageous. The importance of the admission of water into the lower strata of the soil cannot be too strongl}- emphasized. In California, the sunshine of which we are justly so proud, becomes a menace to plant and animal life. Our schools are, of course, located where water is accessible, but there are many reasons why, in school gar- dening, we should be careful to make the best use of the water furnished during the rainy season. First, teach the economy of water. In the great areas where water is so scarce the problem of water supply is the ruling question in the establishment of a new community or of an agricultural enter- prise. Such a matter should not be neglected in a community like ours. Children should be trained to handle the soil in such a waj- as to allow the least possible loss by evaporation. Second, the actual difficulties in the way of irrigating. Children of the lower grades are often furnished with little sprinkling pots which they are to fill at a central supply and carry to their own plats for irrigating their small crops. The result is too often muddy clothing and wet shoes for the child and an equally unhygienic con- dition for the plants. For the arduous task of carrying water soon exhausts the child; and the plants have too little water. Again, the water is showered upon the delicate plants till they are beaten down into the earth, the top soil becomes mud while the roots of the plant remain dry. A hard crust forms over the top as the earth dries, and the seedlings are clod bound ; a maximum of harm with a min- imum of good. If the school garden be in need of water, let it be furnished by the gardener on Saturday evening and given in adequate amount. B} ' Monda} morning the soil will be in good condition for the top mulch by the children. We desire them to conserve the natural soil moisture. First let us get it down out of the reach of the dry- ing effect of sun and air. This penetration is made more complete by deep spading. Even the freest soil will show a tendenc}- to be- come packed at the surface into a layer that sheds a large percent- age of the rain water where it falls at all rapidly. Some soils, indeed, become almost impervious to water. Often a water puddle that has stood in a slight depression for many daj ' S may be drained away into the lower soil strata by spading a few holes in the bottom of the depression. Water is not lost by thus penetrating the soil, for roots will seek it out if they are permitted; and by capillarity the moisture is drawn back toward the surface as this dries out. Penetration by roots is an exceedingly important end aided by deep spading. To be sure, those rapid-growing and virile plants we call weeds will grow in the most forbidding soil and wedge their roots into the forbidding hardpan; but our cultivated plants have had their energies directed into other channels, such as the pro- duction of more succulent, more richh ' flavored, or more perfectly formed plant parts, or the production of their desirable parts in greater abundance. They need a little bit of coaxing, especially in their early life. They have responded to cultivation by improve- ment of their qualities. Without the cultivation the quality suffers or even the plant itself succumbs. In tree planting, a hard substratum may even require a blast of giant powder to make root penetration possible. Part of the orange growing land of a neighboring town is underlaid by decomposed granite, which in some approaches to within a few feet of the surface. Ten-year-old trees in excellent condition and fruitage are growing in such regions where blasts were required to shatter the substratum before planting. The spading also affords opportunity for the working in of various ingredients which are desirable in modifying the character of the soil. The soil on the grounds of this school is a putty-like adobe — an almost hopeless soil for children ' s work, unless modified by the addition of other substances. A dozen loads of sand, half as man}- of stable manure and a great quantity of lime were worked into the plot during the early winter. The result is a fairh ' satis- factory- soil. All these ingredients tend to overcome the stickiness of the adobe: the sand and straw by purely mechanical means; the lime by means of a peculiar coagulative effect which it has upon clay. Of course, the character of the soil must determine what dress- ing is to be applied, and the materia medica of soil treatment is too extensive for a leaflet of this sort. In general, adobe soil is quite rich, but needs loosening ingredients. I oose soils are sometimes too pervious to moisture and dn - out too rapidly, or else allow sol- uble plant food to leach out. The latter defect calls for enrichment. The former can be overcome in large measure by the addition of humus which retains moisture most tenaciously. A single treat- ment combining both qualities is the addition of an abundance of coarse barnyard manure. This treatment is to be recommended for the ' school garden, since plant foods are not so abundant as to make the danger of " overfeeding " the soil very great, while the abun- dance of decaying straw retains moisture and warms and mellows the soil in most efficient manner. The further advantages are gained in that the children see the particles of organic matter in the soil in their work of soil examination, and those little soil culti- vators, the earth worms, are attracted to the garden by the abun- dant organic matter. By whom is all this work to be done ? A most pertinent question indeed, and one of the hardest to solve in some cases. Some outside help will probably be needed where the ground requires the more laborious treatment. A day ' s work b} ' a good strong man with a pick and spade will break a good deal of sod. A load or two of manure nia}- often be had gratis about the city, where stablemen are sometimes glad of a place to dump such refuse. Sand in large quantities costs a varying price, but small quantities may be ob- tained from the cement gutters after heavy rains, or from stream beds, if such be near the school. Have the children do all this work possible. A little diplomatic skill on the part of the teacher will turn into useful channels the abundance of play energy potential in her room full of children. The large country schoolyard where my own sixth grade studies were mastered, was cleaned up and made respectable by the army of the juvenile citizen body working during recess periods for the com- mon gain, though each individual was as jealous of his liberty at playtime as any older person is of his civil guarantee of freedom. As we saw it at that time, the teacher was working with us. In retrospect, she appears as a diplomat of uncommon ability. lyCt the children draw in the sand, too. If necessar}-, place a high premium on the commodity, and see how assiduously it is sought for. It may be brought it in boxes or cans. I have seen it brought in paper bags, and even in the youngster ' s hat, though the latter is more commendable for its spirit than for its neatness. Make the end desirable, and if it be possible it will be attained. In all cases, whether the w ork be done by the children or not, careful record should be kept of the soil treatment, and the children given to understand, as far as their age permits, the reason for the various steps taken. If not before apportioned, the garden plot which, it is now sup- posed, will be in proper condition for planting, should be surveyed, subdivided, and allotted to the children in small sub-sections. A child can readily cultivate a strip two feet in width, if accessible from one side. The ground at the Normal School is divided into plots 30 feet long by 4 feet wide, separated by paths 1% feet in width. A line down the center of each bed then divides it into 2 -foot strips, which are worked from the paths along one side of each strip. Each child of the lower grades is given 3 feet of the strip for his allotment, so that he has a farm of six square feet, all his own for the season, and therein he plants seed which shall bring forth fruit after its kind according to his effort or care, the reward for which shallbe all his own. Stimulate this feeling of proprietorship. Have him stake off his property and establish boundary lines with his neighbors. The great quantity of small stones and chips of plaster in our Training School garden were most decidedly in the way until we began to build stone fences about our farms as our New England forefathers had to do. Have the children do the surveying where possible. Among older pupils, the entire responsibility ma} ' be assumed by the " citi- zens, " and the teacher, mereh ' one of them, acting as a final court of appeal. In these little farms the farmer should reign as nearly- supreme as is practicable. Guide the choice of seeds so carefully that the child imagines the selection is his own. Let the disposal of the product be his own choice, in as far as it may. In general we should advise, for lower grades, against such seeds as require too nnich time for germination and fruition, whereas in the higher grades the slower-growing forms yielding a more per- manent crop would be preferable, in that the interest would be pro- longed and more training in the care of plants would result. As to the disposal of crops, we should keep constantly in mind the thought that the object of nature stud} " is to broaden our S3 " m- pathies and to make happier the circle in which we live. The prod- uct of the garden may be consumed by the child at once, but the thing eaten by oneself is soon forgotten, or should be, at an ' rate. The tidbit divided with a friend or given where it is appreciated, will be remembered with pleasure long after. Lead the child to do something worth remembering with its garden produce — let it be a gift to the teacher or, better still, an addition to the home fare. After all, the school garden is of little worth except as it stimu- lates the desire or increases the ability to do similar or better work at home. Let it be constantly before us as teachers, then, that our school garden, whether or not it N ' ield abundantly of tangible fruit, shall be a place where the child learns no less by failure than b} ' success, and each step in its preparation shall provide for a better preparation and inspire to an effort independent of .school or teacher. — LOYE HOLMES MILLER. Cf)e nnsitt of Promise ' .-IE Owagnas were a band of mighu warriors. Their fam e reached from the great Salt Lake in the north to where the waters of the mighty Colorado River met the blue waves of the Gulf, and from the rugged peaks of the Rocky Mountains to the misty Sierras. In the midst of this vast region they dwelt in peace -and plenty, — in plenty because they held vast lands in cultivation: in peace because these who dwelt about them spoke of the Owagnas with bated breath and dared not offend them. Strong and brave were all the young men of the tribe, save one, Walanchee, who was a hunchback. Pity was unknown to the Owagnas, and they laughed and jested at Walanchee. He did not answer their bitter thrusts, but, in his heart, he felt unspeak-- able grief (though his tribesmen knew it not.) " Old Hump-Backed Squaw, " the young braves called him; and it was the squaw ' s drudgery- that fell to his lot. Even these looked down upon him. He knew not why he should be punished. The cruel braves told him that the Great Father was angry with him. He knew of no future life to compensate for the pains of the present, for they also told him that the Happy Hunting Ground was not for such as he. He was not, however, all unloved. Many a sufferer, brought low by pestilence or disease, knew the touch of his gentle hand and blessed him. The little children, too, loved him, for he made them wonderful playthings and told them marvelous stories. | One night, as the children gathered around him in the flickering light of a camp-fire, he told them of the happy hunting ground where warriors met after they had passed out of this life. His theme was ever a sad one to him; but, as he talked, there came from out of the dim past a mem or} ' of another story-teller, an old Indian of the tribe of the Arapahoes, who had sojourned for a while with the Owagnas when Walanchee was a ver} ' little boy and had then gone westward to join his own tribe. The memory became clearer and clearer, and Walanchee remembered that the old warrior had never said that the happy hunting ground was only for warriors. The desire to know the belief of the Arapahoes grew and grew, and his faith in the wisdom of his fathers became so shaken that at last he determined to find the old Indian, or, at least, his tribe. Perhaps they would value his courage and real worth, and he might there become a warrior despite his deformit3 His ston ' had ceased, crowded from his thoughts by propitious dreams, and the children clamored in vain for another. He seemed to have forgotten their presence, and they, disappointed, slipped away to their tepees. When all sounds had ceased in the camp he arose, wrapped his blanket about him, and crept stealthily away. All night he walked, and all the next day, always westward. Now he crossed a vast tableland, now forded a stream, and now ascended a mountain slope. As the twilight closed about him, he gained the top of a mountain ridge from which he could see all the broad stretch of coun- try over which he had passed. A feeling of loneliness and sadness possessed him as his eyes turned toward the mist- shrouded valleys where his people dwelt. Cruel though they had been, they were the only people he had ever known. A low moan escaped him. Instantly he bit his lips determinedly and turned his back upon his native haunts. Lo, what a sight met his eyes ! A sunset more beautiful than any he had ever seen illumined the western sky. Exquisite clouds of gold, crimson, and violet were banked above the horizon, blending into clear gre} high in the heavens. Spellbound he gazed at the miracle of color before him. The pain in his heart died away, and in its place came a hope, a desire, an indefinite feeling of something to come. He gathered his blanket about him and lay down beneath a sheltering tree, his face turned westward. He felt a great calm he could not explain, nor did he try to, but watched the great cloud change from bright tints to more sombre, and as these melted into the dull gray of the sky his spirit sank into the oblivion of sleep. Ere dawn he arose. Before him in endless succession stretched hill and valley. He turned not to look at the land he was leaving, nor did he think of it. He had ever before his mind the vision of the beautiful sunset and pushed steadily forward in its quest. Each evening he ascended the highest point within reach and drank deep of the glories of the sunlit clouds. Each day he journeyed westward. At last, one evening, the sunset was more beautiful than ever ; the clouds seemed all flaming gold. He stood with his arms folded on his breast till the last faint tint sank into gray, then he let his eyes fall upon the vallev at the foot of the mountain. He started — he looked intently, eagerly into the dim distance. What was it he saw? In the fast faihng light he could just discern a long, low building surrounded by high, broad walls. Never before had he seen any- ' thing like it. He could not tell what it might be, yet he felt no fear; for to him it seemed con- nected with the glorious sunset he had been fol- lowing. He la}- down, but for a long time he could not sleep, and when he did he saw visions of a long, low building outlined against a brilliant sunshine. When he awoke in the morning the chime of a bell sounded faintly in his ear. He leaped to his feet and looked down into the valley to make sure he had not dreamed all. Eagerly he hurried down the slope, his eye ever on the strange structure. He saw figures moving slowly and quietly about the great yard. When at last he reached the wall, he found a gate standing open and he entered boldly. The men he met were strangely clad in flowing robes caught about their hips with cords. Their hair was close cut, and the beads they wore about their necks were black. They spoke to him in a tongue he could not understand, but their tones were unmistakably friendly. He had no wish to go farther. His soul was satisfied. As the weeks passed, he learned to understand them and then to talk in their musical language. He heard no jeers here; no one laughed at his poor humped back. All was love, a great love that satisfied his hungry heart while yet he could not understand it. He learned, too, of the Great Father who loved all his children, and of another world where he should be as straight and beautiful as any brave in the tribe he had left. There were many Indians from many tribes gathered in that beautiful home, and Walanchee loved them all. To the little children he told tales of wars and of the braves of his native tribe. He painted them noble and beautiful, never cruel as he had known them. His wounds were healed, and the desire to be a warrior was crowded out of his heart by a new and loftier purpose. He never grew tired of climbing the mountain slope to watch the golden tinted clouds of sunset which had guided him to the happy haven. —GRACE C. BARTON. r [lUustrations bj- Luella M. Smith.] " M Hittle Hetter to 3lunt Jfannafj " L ' OOK like left-overs for foundlings. " " Now, Dick, there ' s no use in your humoring the child. If Aunt Hannah can take trouble enough to send Helen gloves, Helen can take trouble enough to write her a little let- ter. Now come, dear, write a nice little letter to Aunt Hannah and tell her -ou thank her very, ,ver - much for the little gloves she sent you. " ' But, mother, I don ' t thank her. They ' re ugly gloves and they pinch my fingers. ' ' " For shame, Helen. Such pretty gloves. " Helen looked at her mother questioningly. She had never doubted her before. She had MTPEftu never even thought about it. Mothers were al- ways right. Xow — she wondered. Her mother drew the finger bowl toward her, dabbling her fin- ger nervously under the child ' s steady gaze. " Xow, Helen don ' t be foolish. Aunt Hannah thought they were pretty or she wouldn ' t have sent them. " " Yes, but do you, mother? " The child was relentless. " Do you ? ' ' " Oh, don ' t bother me with such silly questions. Go, write your letter and bring it to me to read before you seal it. ' ' The door had almost closed behind her — " I won ' t tell her I like them when I don ' t, " she threatened through the crack, but they paid no attention. What should she write ? She didn ' t know Aunt Hannah. She had never even seen her. She shuddered and put the gloves down with shrinking fingers. There had suddenly flashed into her mind something she had overheard in conversation. Aunt Hannah had a mole on her face. Helen ' s face was drawn and she shivered as she looked at the gloves. Were moles " catching " ? as they said warts were from toads. " ' Write a nice httle letter ' to a creature of that kind. " The mole seemed to grow and grow in the darkness of the little girl ' s mind until it became a grotesque google-e -ed creature with no sym- pathy, no love in its heart for little girls. Aunt Hannah was a witch and just sent the gloves so she would " catch " the moles. Her back had queer cold things running up and down it. She guessed she had better go outside and get warm. It was only a step to the window, and beyond the sun shone invitingly. The blackbirds twittered in the fountain spray, the orioles were weaving their nests under the broad fan palms. Noiselessly she and " he " climbed through the window and out into the garden. " The} " sat down under the palm, watching the birds and talked: " It ' s wicked to make little girls write letters to witches. " He understood, he always did, that was the reason he was such a com- fort. Nights when the darkness revolved, emitting from its gloomy fold, hideous faces, arms and legs without bodies, he would snuggle close and she was no longer afraid. She could hardly remember when " he " had not been witii her. Why, how would she ever have dared to climb the long flight of stairs to bed if " he " had not been there to make her brave. It was very dark, there in the hallwa} ' nights, when the} ' sent her to bed ' ' alone. ' ' The stairwa} ' in the gloom} ' and heavy shadows seemed sinister and forbidding. Ever ' night it seemed very long. Even one ' s very own footsteps sounded as if they belonged to somebody else ; and through the stained glass windows on the landing the branches of the pepper trees nodded their leering, dark faces — a pack of wolves just ready to spring in. She would never have dared to pass them if it had not been for " him. " " Kenneth, " she called him. She had not created [him. He had sprung to her need. She liked his name. It was " brave, " bringing the ring and clash of spears, of tournament fra ' s, of all all that was good and honest in the olden time. " It ' s wicked to make little girls write letters to witches, " she pursued. ' He ' nodded, there was no reproach in his face, yet she instantly roused herself. " Yes, she is. She ' s a witch, a horrid black witch and I don t love her and I icont write to her. " She put her fingers in her ears, as she saw her mother come out on the broad gallery, and became absorbed in the distant landscape. As she was turning around cautiously to reconnoitre, .she found herself grasped by one shoulder, and then for a moment the landscape swam before her eyes. " Helen, " — her mother ' s voice was stern — " did you write to Aunt Hannah? Then come right in the house and don ' t you leave 3 ' our desk until you finish it. vSuch pretty paper, too, with monkeys in the corner. " And straightway Aunt Hannah became a blacker, horrider witch, who kept little girls in a dungeon, and soldiers who had been changed into monkeys kept watch over them. Oh, the torture of that letter. Her hand cramped, ached wa} ' down in her shoulder. Aunt Han- nah tortured little gir ls in her dungeon. " I don ' t know what to write, mama, you tell me what to sa} ' . " " My dear Aunt Hannah, " began her mother. " Do you have to put the ' dear ' in, whether she is or not, mother ? " You write what I tell you. ' My dear Aunt Hannah, ' — have you got that ? ' ' ' ' Yes. ' ' The little voice was full of weeps. ' ' M} ' dear Aunt Hannah: — I love you for sending me such lovely gloves. Don ' t .spell ' love ' 1-u-v, as you did yesterday. It ' s 1— o-v-e, love. Sending ? S-e-n-d-i-n-g. No, gloves is not spelled g-1-u-v-s, g-1-o-v-e-s. Have you written that ? ' ' The only answer was a burst of sobs, and as she passed out the door the mother saw a little girl leaning on her desk and crj ' ing as though her heart were breaking. " Since that doesn ' t suit you, Helen, you may write one of your own. You may bring it to me when the clock strikes. You are a silly little girl to make so much fuss over a letter, " and she went on clown the hall. " There ' s no use in humoring her — and Aunt Hannah has to be propitiated, " she added to herself. If she had paused she would have heard the sobs choked back. She would have seen a little girl rub her hand over her ej es and then glare at the wall as though she would eat it. Helen gritted her teeth and when she spoke there was no trace of sobs in her voice. " Kenneth, I — I just hate Aunt Hannah. " She made room for him on her chair and pushed the pen into his hands. " Oh, Kenneth, Kenneth, you write it for me. " The hour struck as they finished the ink}- blotted missive. ' ' My dear Aunt Hannah : I love you for sending me such lovely gloves. Mother has just reelayted that to mee. Father says tha are left over founlings. I do not like left over founlings. Plees do nott send enny moar. If you do nott, I will trie to love you and bee Your everr respeckfully neece, Helen. " " Don ' t take on so over it, kid. " Her father .stood in the door, his voice gentle and tender with sympathy. " Aunt Hannah hasn ' t any little girls and she doesn ' t know what the}- like. She just loves you lots, dear; that ' s the reason she sent them. " His steps died away in the hall. Quickly grasping her pen she made one supreme effort. " P. S. — My cat dide last week. " -BLANCHE WALKER. an©isi) AY the Senior A be a buccaneer, A ga} ' , light-hearted rover, Who ' ll sail away for many a day. O ' er a .sea of luck and clover. With goodly habits as a crew. And knowledge .stowed, a .store, They ' ll steer for the open sea of blue. With the whole wide world before. Maj ' the Senior A, whether near or far, Find the trouble mark at zero; Tie a hope to the brightest star, And work like a Trojan hero ! April 21, 1900. —ISABEL FRENCH. 172159 ■ -i r a aeminis cent tubp of a Cijilb of ifibe ,.i..i..i..i..i. tje iFairp iFoIfe J $ DANE ' S mother was a story teller, and she used to entertain her by the hour with tales of fairies, goblins, and brownies. , They were all true to Jane. She never stepped into a dusky corner but she looked about sharply to spy some elfin creature before it mad e its escape. In the rush of the wind at night .she heard the patter of myriads of tiny feet and the whirr of gauzy wings. The gleams of light in a starry sk}- were the gold of some fairy ' s hair. In the old, parth " deca -ed cotton- wood tree lived the brownies that stole the cream. Jane u.sed to kneel on the ground and press her ear close to the cottonwood ' s rough old bark and listen for them, and one da} ' she heard them. Such squeaking, gnawings and grumblings within the old tree as could be caused by nothing but a crowd of brown folk. Here they were so ver}- close, but how to get them. A bright thought came to her and she ran for the ax. The ax was heavy and Jane was small, but she was urged to might}- effort by an overwhelming curio.sity. At last the rotten wood gave way, but to her disappointment a score of startled wood mice with .strange .shy eyes .scampered out from the old tree and hid in the bushes. Jane was not very fond of her doll those days. Her eager glances could never get beyond the staring eyes and painted cheeks. One day Jane felt very lonely. She had talked to the spirit till his unre- sponsiveness had driven her almost frantic; then .she .sought the doll and took her into the wildflower garden. These flowers were a source of great wonder and delight. They had sprung up in a night and in the ensuing days had grown without water to a great height far above Jane ' s head; then upon each stalk had appeared one large, beautiful pink bloom. Jane liked to bend down these blossoms and look into them , and today she wished her doll to share this pleasure. But the doll showed no interest whatever in the won- derful flowers. She then took her into the into the darkest corner and, intent upon arousing some feeling in her, showed her the terrible pictures in her scrap book. She became so intent upon them herself that she forgot for a time to look at the doll, and when she did look at her, the contrast between her own heated feelings and the doll ' s placid exterior so aroused her that she did a strange thing. Picking up the doll, she carried her into the woodshed and, unbuttoning the neck of her dress, laid her head upon the wood- block. Then taking the ax, she raised it high above her head and brought it down on the doll ' s pink neck. With lips tightly com- pressed she lifted the severed head by its golden locks and eagerly scrutinized the shattered features. There was an awful gash in one cheek, the nose was frightfully cracked, but the pink of the skin was unwavering, the eyes looked forth, their complacent stare un- changed. Jane gathered up the pieces in her apron, muttering the while, " She couldn ' t feel even her head cut off. I ' m not sorry I did it. " She buried the remains under the red rose bush, and heaped the grave high with scarlet blossoms. Then she danced around it and sang, " Glory, Glory, Forever, " at the top of her lungs. She kept the flowers fresh for a week, and every time she replenished them she nuittered defiantly, " I ' m not sorrv I did it. " Cfje Mv ttvp in tfje Stream I ' ANE loved all things that savored of mystery. She watched L the smoke curl from the chimney and slowly lose itself in the ■ blue above with never ending delight. She raced along with the cloud shadows as they crossed the garden, playing herself a princess in her mighty chariot. She used to lie on the ground near the tank house and look through a crack into the fish pool beneath, and listen to the drip! drip! of the w ater, and watch the dark shadows in its depths. She wondered if these shadows would seize her if she ventured near. vShe asked the spirit about it, but never a word would he say. He was an agreeable spirit in most ways, he never resented being beaten in all the races through the garden, nor did he mind being left behind when he climbed trees wdth Jane. But he w ould not say one word, and it was an unend- ing grief to the child. Once she doubled her fist, and bit him on his small wdde nose. This had no effect upon him other than to make him look a little sad. Some one gave Jane an owl, and she took great delight in his queer monkey face. But the little creature had one exasperating trait, he would not let Jane look at the back of his head. He would fix his unwinking eyes upon her and twdst his head as she walked around him, till it seemed as if it must twist off. Jane at last lost all patience, and, seizing him by his feathered ears, pulled him from his cage, intent on seeing the back of his head. To her surprise, the feathers stayed in her hand while the owl flew away. She then cried, and that no one might hear her, for she felt herself to blame in the matter, she went out to the front gate and hung over it, still holding the feathers. " What is the trouble? " asked an old gentle- men passing in a bvtggy. Jane thought him a kindly looking indi- vidual, so told him of the lost owl. The old man laughed good- huniouredly and told her that if she would plant the owl feathers, in the course of a week she would be able to pick a new owl. Jane was radiant, and the old man drove away probably thinking him- self extremely clever. Wretched man, of the wretched class of child-foolers! Jane stuck the feathers in the ground and each day carried water to them and went out each morning with the hope of picking a new owl. Probably the old man would have wrinkled his cheeks, could he have seen a dejected little figure two weeks later standing over the bedraggled feathers. Jane was disappointed, but, worse than that, deeply hurt, she did not understand just why. m About this time Jane ' s nightly prayer for some one to play with was answered. Her uncle and aunt came to visit Jane ' s home, bringing with them a dear little girl with red cheeks and long bright curls falling over her red dress. Her name was Mary Ann. Jane loved her at once. How she rejoiced to have a flesh and blood child to play with. One morning Jane ' s uncle took the children to fish in the stream that ran through the orchard. They sat on the grassy bank and dangled their lines ; the sunshine was pleasantly warm ; the water sparkled. Jane looked at Mary Ann, who had given her pole to her father to hold and was lying upon the bank, her head upon her arm, her eyes closed and the long dark lashes lying upon her cheek. She was wonderfully dear. Jane watched her for a little while, then turned to look at the shadowy mystery that brooded under the bank and about which she never ceased to wonder. By and by Jane ' s uncle said, " Where is Mary Ann? " " Mary Ann ! " " Mary Ann ! ' ' The woods across the stream echoed his call, there was the print left by the little body in the young grass on the bank, but Mary Ann was gone. Where? They searched the orchard, they searched the house, the garden, the barns. They went for miles along the wide, white roads, but Mary Ann was gone. Night came. Jane ' s uncle came up through the orchard into the house, and in his arms lay the little form with dripping dress and long wet hair, that had been Mary Ann. She had gone to meet the mystery in the stream and had found it. Oh, horrible! This, then, was the mystery in the beautiful water. That night in bed Jane cried and cried, and could not be com- forted, and begged her mother to hold her hand, for the mystery was near, ready to seize her too, as it had seized poor little Mary Ann. And after that a certain wonderful brightness, that had covered all things in Jane ' s w orld, was dimmed as though a thin mist had fallen over a brilliant landscape. That wild, unreasoning joy in the the tall trees, bright flowers, floating clouds, that belongs to every child, was beginning to pass, for a sorrow had come into Jane ' s life. -ENID REEVE. Ci)e fountain anb ti e ea HISTEX to the ' oice of the [Mountain Spirit: Long, long ages ago, when this our earth was first fashioned, and all the land was new, of all great powers the Mountain was the greatest and mightiest. Yea. I, the Mountain, rearing my head up, far up above the lowly plains and valleys, knew in my heart that I was supreme in my sovereignty. I was best beloved of heaven. Each morn the sun sent forth his winged messengers, which, in their beauteous forms, my lofty peaks were the first to welcome. Each evening, while valley and glade grew dark with the shadowy pencillings of twilight, my towering domes were held in the lingering embrace and touched with caressing kiss by the last reluctant ray. Then heaven sent down cooling dew, and the thirsty ground drank eagerly. There, during the long, still hours of night, I kept vigil o ' er the sleeping world. How wondrous was the universe ! How my heart swelled with the joy of living and the pride in my strength and might ! Thus I lived and reigned. One day came the Wind. I greeted him gladly. " Welcome, O Wind. " I cried. " What news do you bring from the plains? " " I came, " replied the Wind, " from far beyond the plains, and I bring thee a message of great import. For countless ages hast thou reigned, O Mountain, over all the land. Today, alas ! I bring thee tidings of a ] Ionarch. mightier far, who will henceforth hold sway o ' er Nature ' s realm. Xo strength can equal his, no force can sub- jugate. His sway is boundless, his power invincible. Hear, O Mountain, and obev. " Such were his words. I heard, but proudly reared aloft my head and laughed aloud in stately scorn. The listening cliffs took up the sound and hurled it echoing and re-echoing far down my rocky sides and densely-wooded dells. " Of what is this usurper made, O Messenger Wind ; of what stuff, I ask, is he composed, that he can thus affright and alarm thee? Thinkest thou there is aught in this wide universe which can shake the power of the Mountain Spirit ? " In my wistless arro- gance, I answered thus. " Tiny drops of water, O Mountain, make up his vastness ; but in such countless millions and to such magnitude are they combined that none can measure his immensity. The Mighty Ocean it is from whom I bring this message, bidding thee acknowledge him as sovereign. " At this my wrath burst forth, and scornfully I hurled a challenge. " This my answer, ' ind, to that loud-roaring braggart. Drops of water I, too, will send, but in such overwhelming torrents that his boastful words shall be forever drowned. My challenge and my answer shall be one. " Once more the Wind essaved to speak, but I would hear no more. I summoned all heaven to my aid. Black threatening clouds rolled out of their palace grim, and vengefully they hurled their mighty weapons in battle in my behalf. The earth trembled in terror beneath the raging fury of the elements. Torrents of rain were hurled down amidst the crashing of the thunder, and the turbulent waters poured down the Moun tain ' s side. Tearing and pulling at rocks and trees, hurling them madly onward, down, down through the frightened canons, it swept on its mighty course through the valley, out to the waiting ocean surges. Thus it raged and plunged, carving and shaping my one-time smooth, gracefully rounded slopes into rugged shapes, frightful ledges and sharp-pointed crags. And ever and anon the clouds grew blacker, the air colder and more bitter, and the snow fell. Then the sun came to my aid, and melted the snow, which rushed in turn to swell the torrent that dashed continually down through the cafions. So passed days and days, gloomy and drear. Ever and always in my ears was the steady, sullen roar of angry waters. With it a strange unrest possessed me, and my heart was filled with dire foreboding. The incessant tearing and rending of my ancient foundations, the uprooting of my once firmly planted rocks, filled me with a nameless terror. The awful gnawing and grinding of mv vitals went on remorselessly. Clouds and mist blinded me. Rain, snow and hail assailed me. My strength, my pride, my sovereignty, I felt forsaking me. At last came the Wind. I awaited his words in dread silence. His voice was mournful : " The time has come, O Mountain, for thy proud head to bend, and thy proud heart to be humble. Thy glorious reign is ended. Thy waters have reached the Ocean. I need tell no more. Thy doom is inevitable. Evermore must th) waters unceasingly flow down thy denuded slopes, carrying thy rocks and crumbling sides out to feed the greedy maw of the Ocean. Thou canst do naught but obey. " I answered no word. The Wind sighed as he went his trackless way. —PEARL MILNER. THE great disaster of April i8, 1906, has appalled the people of every land. Such is the magnitude of the calamity that it can scarcely be realized. Only a small part of the loss is directly attributable to earth movements, yet the catastrophe has created a widespread interest in conditions within the so-called crust of the earth. Many questions are being asked which cannot be answered. Beliefs are abundant, but actual knowledge pertaining to the subject is limited. Definition. The English word " earthquake, " the German " erdbeben, " the French " tremblement de terre, " the Spanish " terremoto, " the Jap- anese " jishin, " all mean earth-shaking. We may define an earth- quake, then, as a shaking or trembling of the earth. An earthquake consists of a series of shocks or elastic waves. These waves are both horizontal and transverse. While the shock may be trans- mitted for thousands of miles, the actual movement of the molecules of rock may be a very small part of an inch. A fundamental point with respect to the nature of an earthquake is that it is an earth movem.ent and not a local occurrence. History. Perhaps it is not unnatural to regard earthquakes as indicative of the destruction of the earth. The reverse is true. Earthquakes are constructive phenomena; they represent the gradual adjustment of the earth to existing conditions. Most of this adjustment had taken place before man appeared upon the earth. Accounts of earthquake shocks reaching back many centuries into the past have been preserved. Probably the earliest recorded event of this kind is that which accompanied the declaration of the Mosaic law, about 1500 B. C. The brief account is found in the nineteenth chapter of Exodus. It is elsewhere stated that on the day of the crucifixion of Christ an earthquake shook the country round about. Strangely enough, the Chinese began the study of earthquakes at a very early date. In the year 136 the government appointed a commission to investigate their cause. During certain periods some countries appear to have been almost free from shocks. This is true of Japan in the twelfth and sixteenth centuries. Probably shocks were no less frequent during thesi than during other centuries. It is likely that records were omitted on account of wars. Chili and Peru furnish similar illustrations. Distribution. While no part of the earth ' s surface is free from earthquakes, they are much more frequent in some regions than in others. In general the areas of greatest seismic disturbance coincide with those of greatest volcanic activity. The most pronounced earthquake zone encircles the globe, including the region around the lediterranean, the Azores, the West Indies, Central America, the Sandwich Islands, Japan, China, India, Persia and Asia ] Iinor. Origin. The seat of a seismic movement is generally called the " centrum. " It is commonly represented as being a point, but is probably a line. The depth of the centrum is in some cases very slight, and in other cases twenty or thirty miles. If a large area be shaken, it is taken as an evidence of the great depth of the centrum. If at the same time the force at the surface be relatively slight, this adds to the evidence. Few shocks have been felt over a greater area than was the one which visited Charleston, South Carolina, in 1886, and yet the energy at the center was not great. The depth of the centrum in this case is estimated at twelve miles, and it is believed that few shocks have had their origin at a greater depth. Transmission. From the center of the disturbance the shock is transmitted in all directions. Imaginary lines on the surface of the earth, connect- ing points at which a given shock was registered at the same instant of time, are called coseismal lines. Were the rocks of the earth ' s crust homogeneous, the coseismal lines would be circles. As a matter of fact, they are very irregular in form. Only the more violent earth movements are felt by human beings, but by means of seismographs slight tremors are recorded. These instruments show that shocks are being transmitted very frequently. In the case of shocks of considerable violence, the direction of the wave m.ovement may sometimes be determined by the way in which buildings and other objects are afifected. The time at which the shock occurs at different points is another indication. The rate at which shocks are transmitted varies according to the nature of the rocks. On April 17. 1889, a shock traveled from Tokio to Potsdam, Prussia, a distance of more than 5.500 miles, in thirteen minutes. The rate was 71-6 miles per second. On October 2. , 1894, a shock traveled from Chili to Rome, 7105 miles, in seventeen minutes. In this case the rate was nearly 7 miles per second. At the time of the Charleston earthquake three independent time records were taken at distances varyino from 300 to 645 miles from the epicentrum. These gave a velocity of 3.3 miles per second. Taking three independent time records of the San Francisco shock, I find that the average rate of transmission was 3 2-3 miles per second. When a shock originates under the ocean, the resulting water wave does not reach the shore until some time after the earth wave has been recorded. The water waves travel at the ap- proximate rate of 5 or 6 miles per minute. Area Disturbed. The distance to which a shock is transmitted depends upon the energy at the centrum, and the densitv and uniformitv of the strata. The Charleston earthquake disturbed an area of nearly 3,000,000 square miles. The Lisbon earthquake was felt in Africa and in the United States. The recent shock which did such damage in San Francisco and vicinity was recorded in many parts of the United States proper, as well as in Alaska, the Hawaiian Islands, Italy, and Russia. In any case, the region which is violently shaken is relatively small. This is well illustrated by the results of the shock just referred to. Results. The vast majority of earthquakes do no damage. The more severe ones produce changes of great geological importance, besides destroying property and human life. Masses of earth and rock are sometimes hurled down mountain sides, damming stream courses and producing floods. Great blocks of the earth ' s crust may settle, thus forming lakes. In 1873 about fifty lakes originated in this way in Italy. Fissures sometimes form, and ridges are thrown up. Springs which have discharged pure, cold water may, after a shock, send forth hot_, muddy water. The vertical displacement of the rock is usually very slight. There are, however, exceptions to this. In 1872 an area in the neighborhood of Owens Lake, California, forty miles long and averaging one-fourth mile wide, subsided. The displacement was 25 feet on the western and 5 feet on the eastern side. There are many similar illustrations. The destruction of property and human life is sometimes appalling. This may be the direct result of the shock, or of the so-called tidal wave, or of both. The great loss of life in Lisbon in 1775, and in Japan in 1896, was in large measure due to tidal waves. It has been estimated that 13,000,000 human beings have lost their lives during the period of recorded history as a result of earthquakes. Causes. The exact cause by which earthquakes are produced is not known. Probably there are several causes rather than one. Underground water produces caves and caverns, sometimes of great size. As the roofs of these weaken, gravity causes their collapse. In this way minor shocks are produced. Every stream is carrying material from the land and depositing it in the ocean. Most of this material is laid down close to the coast. Thus weight is accumulating on certain areas, and dimin- ishing on others. This may result in a slight subsidence of a very small portion of the sea floor, and a corresponding elevation on the land. This movement of strata would produce earthquakes. A barometric rise of one inch adds a pressure of about 72 pounds per square foot. No less an authority than George Darwin thinks that decided earth pulsations occur with changes in barometric pressure. If the rocks in a given area were nearly at the point of giving way under strain, this cause would become more efifective. It is believed by some that the heavenly bodies are producive of earthquake shocks. They say that shocks are more frequent at the time of spring tides than at other times. Jupiter and Saturn are held responsible by some, and meteoric showers by others. Seis- mographic records do not show any definite relation between the heavenly bodies and the frequency of earthquake shocks. Volcanoes are by some said to be the cause of earthquakes. To a certain extent the zones of greatest seismic and volcanic activity coincide. Volcanic action must cause earth movements, but the two phenomena are not always connected. The earth is constantly losing heat by radiation to intensely cold space. This causes the rocks to contract. Readjustment between the outer portion — long since cold — and the inner, contracting por- tion, must be accompanied by folds, slips, faults in the rocks. These movements give rise to shocks. As the loss of heat is constant, the rocks are continually under more or less strain. The elasticity of the rocks probably takes care of this up to a certain point, then a break, and consequently an earthcpiake occurs. Blocks of rock after being taken from quarries have lengthened perceptibly because of a reduction of strain. This theory, so briefly outlined, is the one favored by the majority of scientists at the present time. This wonderful manifestation of nature ' s power, in the presence of which man feels his utter helplessness, is of interest to everv thinking being. While its full explanation is yet hidden from us, we no longer believe it to be a punishment which God visits upon the children of men. Fearles s, persistent, honest study will in time solve this, as it has already solved so many diflficult problems. Earthquakes on the Pacific Coast. A few words as to the frequency and the destructiveness of shocks on this coast mav be of interest. The first shock of which we have a record occurred at San Diego in 1769, and the last one of which I have heard was felt at San Francisco on May 5, 1906. As nearly as I can determine, there have been some 1500 shocks recorded in California since 1769. This is a large number, but only fourteen of this total can be classed as destructive. The dates of these are: 1800, 1812, 1818, 1836, 1839, 1857, 1865, 1867, 1868, 1872, 1890, 1892, 1899, 1906. The shock of 1812 destroyed the mission at San Juan Capistrano, and from 30 to 45 lives were lost. A ship was carried some distance up a canon at Refugio, and returned by the tidal wave. Fort Tejon seems to have been near the center of the disturbance of 1857. A ridge miles in length and several feet high was formed, and the current of the Kern River was temporarily turned up stream. The earthquake of 1867 was most violent in the Klamath Lake country. The shock of October 21, 1868, is frequently referred to. Many buildings in San Francisco and vicinity were damaged. Throughout the whole state there were twelve fatalities. This shock was not felt in San Diego nor in Los Angeles. The great Inyo County earthquake occurred on March 26, 1872. As in 1812, this was a time of quite general disturbance. In Lone Pine 52 of the 59 buildings were shaken down. Mono Lake seems to have been near the center of the shock f)f 1890. The waters of the lake rolled and tossed. Fences were dis- placed, and a stack containing 200 tons of hay was moved 70 feet. Vacaville, Dixon and Winters suffered to a considerable extent on April 19, 1892. A roaring sound is said to have accompanied the shock. The disturbance was very slight at San Francisco. On Christmas morning, 1899, a severe shock occurred at San Jacinto and Hemet. It was felt over a wide area, but was not destructive elsewhere. Practically every brick building in the towns mentioned was damaged. Some days later it was discovered that a considerable block near San Jacinto mountain had subsided a dis- tance of several feet. Little need be said regarding the terrible earthquake of April 18, 1906. It was the most severe shock recorded in the United States. It is one of the greatest disasters in the world ' s history, and yet it should be remembered that the earthquake was but the indirect cause of most of the loss. The shock was recorded (not felt) at Washington, D. C, Balti- more, Florence, Italy, Moscow and other distant points. It was probably of local origin. This is indicated by the localization of the damage, and by the absence of a tidal wave. Is California likely to be visited by earthquakes in the future? Yes. This is a new region geologically. Readjustment is con- stantly in progress. There is no cause for alarm, however. We are as safe as we were a year ago. The catastrophe has simply made us conscious of the work of nature. We are exposed to dangers in all parts of the world. From this disaster some useful lessons will be drawn. All great buildings should be constructed of steel and concrete. In order to make them absolutely fire-proof, the windows should be provided with steel shutters. The erection of very tall structures should be prohibited. Each great building should have a large tank or tanks filled with water, to be used in case the regular supply should be cut off. But out of the loss, the horror, the sorrow, there comes one great sublime lesson for all mankind. It is the manifestation of sympathy, of brotherly love, of the divine in human character. From every part of our broad land there came an immediate, substantial and sincere response to the cry of the afflicted. We have heard that the world is going to ruin ; that selfishness, greed and crime rule the hearts of men ; that suffering and sorrow are unheeded by those who are not in distress. We have had, and are having, a most inspiring contradiction of this, and a proof of the fact that humanity is making progress in righteousness which is the great end and aim of life. —JAMES F. CHAMBERLAIN. O ne i ap a T daybreak danced a merry crew upon the shining sands, Ancl sang a jolh ' sailors ' song, and blithely waved their hands. Faint from the lessening barque came back an answering song of glee: O friends, farewell! we ' ll meet again, at sunset, by the sea! At evening glared the dull red sun beyond the wallowing waves! With heads bowed low, and faces pale as ghosts among the graves, There stood a still- voiced, mournful group, with clasped and trem- bling hands, There lay a lorn, dismantled hull upon the groaning sands! FRED ALLISON HOWE. Cfje Higftt THWART the snow-clad mountain peaks The sweetness of the meadow lark Thro ' sunny hours of day tide speaks; Then comes the silent, velvet dark. Again the friendly home lights gleam From casements low on ever - side; Again the boat-lights on the stream Go shivering seaward on the tide. The beacon light glows warm and red; The blue gums robed in shadow stand; Across the grasses, sapless, dead, Across the sunburnt mesa land. One window glows again alight To signal me that da ' is done; A golden way cut thro ' the night For vagrant thoughts from sun to sun. As in the twilight land I sit And count the losses of the day, My thoughts, soft-winged as night-birds, flit To you along the shining way. The firelight limning on your face, The lamplight tangled in your hair. From mighty master of our race Your thought may wander unaware ; And chance the book rests in your hand. And chance your thought takes easy flight Across the sunlDurnt mesa land, Adown the yellow path of light. I would remember and forget And dream and drowse the long night ti de. And, like the dusky night moths, let Our thoughts wing softly side by side, Thro ' amber shade and purple glooms. With weaving wing in errant line To narrow path your lamp illumes, The pathwa} ' from your soul to mine. SARAH P MONKS. O ttjeb to tt)e Senior a ' g © Elyly me not, in joyful numbers, Writing poems is good fun ; For I ' ve tried it and I find it Not so easy writing 0)u Muses Nine and Mother Nature, Friends and foes — deserters all; Here ' s to you — I love you dearly But a poem I can ' t scrawl. -ELLA (i. WOOD. PROTOC-RAPH BY BUICE CTfiiNE. a 2 rief 3ncosnito " — g ' l S, I would, too, Cousin Theo. I would have asked you to 1 go over and see Marion. " Um-um. " I did say so, and she ' — ■ is, but not your kind. Well, " — tracing a pattern with her toe on the veranda floor — " she ' s a tiny little thing " — .she drawled it out .slowly. His face brightened. — " Worn-out actress type " — it drooped perceptibly — " blonde hair, cherry lips. " Her manner changed, " Men never can find the sweet dispo.sition if out.side arrangements are not to their liking. " Her decidedl}- energetic tones were lost on her cousin, who had apparently returned to his heroine at the mention of the blonde hair. He flung the book down impatiently. " Oh, what ' s the use? They don ' t make that simple kind any more. They ' re all theories and hobbies without a grain of horse-sense. " His cousin smiled tantalizingl}-. " Phew, as bad as that? About time you came west, Theo, if the east has had that effect on you. Go out and Jack to saddle up and we ' ll have a ride that will — why, vigor, vim — " Her eyes smiled; her lips smiled tea.singly. ' ' No Sunny Jim for me. What ' s tickling you so, anyway ? ' ' But catching a whiff of her enthu.siasm, he swung himself over the rail. Sue executed a little war dance, with her toes turned in, and flung out her clasped hands with mock pleading to his retreating back, but she addressed the w all solemnly. " When you tell one, 3-ou tell a million. This praising your friends anywa} ' ! Never can do them justice, and the other fellow thinks 3 ' ou ' re — " The word was lost in a wicked chuckle and Sue ran upstairs to dress. The stable bo} ' was not to be found, and after a few minutes, when the only response to his calls came from the echo among the rafters, Theo flung off his coat, opened the gate of the corral and led out Sue ' s gray mare. Just at that moment unkind fate which seems always to lurk unsuspected in corners, rattled out from under the eaves of the barn in the shape of a bright red wagon, accompanied by the gardener ' s .small .son. At the first rattle, the mare pricked up her ears; as the appari- tion emerged from the eaves, she threw up her head, jerking the strap from Theo ' s grasp. In a moment he was tearing, running, stumbling across the deeply- fur row ed orchard, jumping ditches, dodging trees, whipped in the face by low hanging orange branches, swallowing mouthfuls of and spider webs, endeavoring to keep in sight the retreating image of an animal possessed of unusual powers of locomotion. A young girl in spotless dimity saw a hatless, dust-covered object project itself madly from the orange grove, catch its foot on a trailing root from the lorestina hedge and roll gracelessly down the lawn to her feet. It straightened up very quickly, very red as to its face. Marion ' s first impulse w ' as a nervous giggle, which she managed to strangle in a choking cough. " The horse went around toward the barn. You ' re the Gra- ham ' s new stable boy, are n ' t you, " she added kindly, seeing his enibarassment. Theo reflected, and somewhere in the back of his brain an idiotic smile flickered for the briefness of a second. " Yes ' m, " he answered, feeling for his hat. Then, remember- ing how that article had basely deserted him at the first slap of the orange tree, he realized his appearance and became six feet of acute human misery. " He ' s a mighty good-looking stable boy, " thought Marion. " Pity Sue ' s cousin and he could not have changed places. He ' d come about to my chin. Sue says it always looks as though she was browsing on his auburn curls when she danced with him, and she ' s shorter than I. This boy looks interesting for all his embar- assment and the cousin is a blase fellow, tired of the world and him- self. He ' s deaf, too, poor boy; perhaps that accounts for it. I wish she ' d brought him over, anyway. " " Marion, send Jones here for the rug. You never can tell how many tarantulas or those horrid Gila monsters you may be sitting on. " Her mother ' s querulous tones from the passing phaeton abruptly changed her train of thought. She was startled to see the stable boy still standing on the terrace, a queer, puzzled expression in his eyes. " Permit me, " as she glanced interrogatively in his direction. She nodded, and as he obeyed, the wind puffed out his negligee shirt, bringing out from the folds where it had hidden itself the gleam of an Alpha Delta Phi star and crescent. Marion stared. " There ' s something wrong there. I don ' t understand. Stable boys don ' t wear that pin. " " I see 3 ' ou wear an Alpha Delta pin, " she remarked, as he spread the rug for her. Almost shamefacedly he made a movement with his hand as if he would cover it. ' ' Is it yours. ' ' Marion was relentless. " Yes ' m, " the tone was very low and humble. " Don ' t say yes in that wa} ' . Where did you go to college ? " " In the east, " " Oh, I know that. There isn ' t any western chapter. Harvard, Yale, Cornell? " How did she know so much about the fraternitv ? He hesitated. " Cornell. " " What year? " she demanded, breathlessly, inexorably. He hesitated again. Who was she to put him through such a catechism. He was not accustomed to yield information so easily. Her heart danced. Oh, he had, he had. She would not sit there calmlv and see the pin abused. " ' 98. " ' She had him trapped now. " My brother graduated in that class. He is one of your frat brothers. " His look was pitiful in the extreme. Marion was making further discoveries. His shirt and tie were the newest of new styles and most carefully made. Had he stolen those, too? What was he savnio The queer, puzzled expression had vanished from his eyes. ' ' Are you Miss Morgan ? ' ' • ' Yes, " — with dignity. ' ' Miss Marion Morgan ? ' ' " Yes, " — more dignity. " You spent junior week at the house in February, ' 98? " ' ' Yes, ' ' — freezingly . " Didn ' t you live in Virginia? " " Ye-es, " a faint note of wonderment had crept into her voice. " I remember having heard the boys speak of you. They voted the Virginia girl the sweetest guest they had. I was boning like the — pardon me — like everything, and didn ' t have much time for queening — to my great regret. " He bowed. " Perhaps you may have heard your brother speak of Theodore Hardison ? ' ' Had she heard him speak of Theodore Hardison ? ! ! " I ! — oh ! ' ' She grasped the edge of the rug. Was she shrinking visibly, or was it only in imagination? Honi soil qui mal y pense? She held out her hand with sweet womanliness. " I ' m powerful stupid sometimes, Mr. Hardison. Honest. I ' m mighty sorr}-, but you see Sue said you were short and — er — r — r — blonde and deaf. " " She told me you were short and — a — a — a " — he hesitated over the words — " blonde and deaf. " " I ! " — mischief and wonderment in her dark blue eyes. And he — he had called Jack Spofford a chump to spend his day canoeing on Cavuga with her. —BLANCHE WALKER. Cfje aglanbsi of tfte wxi IFltOM THE OVEKLAND MONTHLY.] B LL gold and crimson burns the sky, All gold and crimson burns the sea, Dark forms of birds go sweeping by In wayward lines across the sky, To where in silent splendor lie The Islands of the l !un. The sea-birds wander as they list Thro ' bitter spray, o ' er struggling seas, Across the surges sunset kist, Across the purple banks of mist. Till weary wings find peace, I wist, In Islands of the Sun. Mayhap my ships that outward went And never came to me again, INIayhap my winged hours misspent. And dreams and fancies passion pent. Have found some port of sweet content In Islands of the Sun. —SARAH P. MONKS. ORGANIZATIONS XN September, 1905, the Glee Club started upon another year of its very remarkable career under the leadership of its still more remarkable leader, Miss Jennie Hagan. The first event of the year in which the club participated was the Teachers ' Institute. Here they sang three songs and were heartily encored. At the commencement exercises of the Winter Class of ' 06, the club rendered four selections. For some time it has been the desire of the club to have some symbol of its membership, and with this fact in view suitable pins were secured, which no doubt yovi have seen proudly carried about upon the breasts of their possessors. So far the only event given this term was the concert for the benefit of the San Francisco sufferers. The club was assisted by Miss Jennie Winston and Miss Mary L. O ' Donoughue. The members of the club, when they will have left the dear old Normal School, will look back upon their school days, and think of the Glee Club as the source of much culture and enjoy- ment, and they will think of Miss Hagan, who has been their guiding star, and to whom they attribute all of their successes, with feelings of deepest love and respect. —WINIFRED SMITH. Secretary. CHE Young Women ' s Christian Association of the school has shared in the quickened interest that has been manifested this year in all other student organizations. This has been espe- cially noticeable, perhaps, at the social functions of the association. One new departure has been the custom of serving light refresh- ment s after the weekly meetings, offering opportunity for students and teachers to become better acquainted. Xew students have also been welcomed at the opening of each term. Once more, just before the Easter vacation, the girls who live a. ysLy from the citj were invited to be made ' ' at home " at a merr}- gathering in the students ' room. Under the auspices of the asso- ciation, also, was given Dr. Eugene Ma ' ' s lecture on the Ascent of the Matterhorn. It was full of impressive stories of achievement. Another memorable event was the bazaar held November 27th in the students ' hall. Several classes united and carried the affair through with much enthusiasm. This was a Capitola device, fol- lowed later by sales of candy and of dainty little cook books. Friends and alumnse of the school helped by their contributions to swell the Capitola fund, until at last we had five girls to represent us in the Southern California delegation. Another side of our work is represented by the devotional meet- ings, which this year have been more than ever interesting and helpful. Miss Wilbur, the State Secretary, has been here, and during the week of her stay a number of special meetings was held. Miss Helen Salisbury, the Student Secretary for Southern California, gave us a report of the Nashville convention of student volunteers. We also had the pleasure of hearing of this convention from Mrs. Eawrence Thurston, National Secretary of the Student Volunteer movement. Earlier in the year Dr. Hugh K. Walker addressed a Bible study rally, after which two classes were organized, conducted b}- Miss Salisbury and Prof. Dozier. Later, Miss Seaman had a class in Old Testament study, and Mrs. English gave a number of talks to the association on Old Testament literature. Mrs. Crosswell conducted a very interesting meeting on Japan, and at another time we enjo -ed the privilege of hearing Mr. Kuzaki, president of the Christian Alliance of Japan, and his wife. Soon after this, some of the girls who were interested formed a Japan study class, which was led by Mrs. Crosswell. There were also a current events mission study class, and two reading circles, which met on the lawn at noon. Later, another class took up the book. " Daybreak in the Dark Continent, " and found it l)oth interesting and profitable. In summing up the work of the year, we woukl not fail to acknowledge tlie help and hearty co-operation we have received in all lines from both teachers and pupils. We owe it to their readj help that we can still say that each succeeding year is the best 3 ' ear, and we trust that when we meet again next fall, it will be to con- tinue and improve upon what has been accomplished in the past. B Hetter to an ©lb Cimer Los Angeles State jYornial School , April JO, igo6. Dearest Flo a, O Floss, we are having the most awful time von ever heard of. Gram. exam, coming, reading to commit, and all sorts of things to worry abozit, so PI I icrite to yo2(. You know Miss Monks is our class teacher now, and she is a daisy — no class meetings, lectures, or those dreadful Thursday after ioon programs. And say. Psych, is simply dandy — takes lots of work, but Dr. Allen is so good zve don ' t hardly notice it at all . Mr. fohnson is always telling the class his dreams li ' hen he has half a chance. Past zveek Paiira Perkins came to school and called him out of class to get some paternal advice on an algebra course. Y021 knoiv Mr. fohnson ' s stunt is giving advice. We are beginning to feel justly proud of otir selves, because we were ho7iored by having two from our class, the Misses Doyle and Buhti, sent with other delegates to Capitol a. The Misses fohnson, Nellie and en7iie Clay, and Doyle are all good workers in one or both Y. IV. C. A. and Choral Club. You remember Ada Sloane. Noiv, that girl is the wit and life of the ivhole class (next to Mae Speer). P think she ' s h ' ish, but don ' t hint it to anybody. Miss Hanson a7id Miss Buhn cause tis much worry, they don ' t seem to calm down as they should on approaching the senior year. You knozi ' the seniors must be sedate (?). J[ ' , can ' t possibly think of anything more to write this time. You ' ll find lots of news and funnv things in the Fxponent, so vou ' d better order one. ] ro))i your old ' ' chum, " Annie. Ct)e M iox 25 Clags; in 1927 DRAMATIS PERSONS Mme. Crystai, de Montmorency Miss Elizabeth Fowbee Dressing room of Mme. Crystal. Mme. Crystal discovered before dressing table reading card. Why, of course she shall enter ! To think of her as reporter for the largest newspaper in Paris makes me afraid of her, however. Elder Elizabeth Fowble. Elizabeth. Now, Crystal, I mean to make a good stor of you. All Paris is raving over their beloved prima donna. Your gown is evidently from Maison Worth. Since Anita has become the supervisor of their designers, one can always recognize them. Crystal. Who do you think was ushered in here this evening before the opera commenced? I know it will take your breath away! They were Miss Whitice, Miss Kaal, Miss Harris, Miss Doan, Miss Flathers and Miss Fallis. They are travelling with a Cook ' s tourist party and are storing up inspiration for their pupils. Going through Heidelberg they went to the university to hear Pro- fessor Shepardson lecture. His little girl has become a most lovely ' Oung woman and proves quite conclusively the soundness of his theories. Elizabeth. Yes, I knew that. Did you know that Clara Smith is director of a high school gymnasium in lyOS Angeles? Irene Dorfmeir keeps all of her apparatus mended for her. You know she could always hit a nail square on the head. I came across the queerest advertisement today issued by Elizabeth Kaiser ' s matri- monial agency. Is Miss Bullock visiting you? She was in one of the boxes this evening, I noticed, with her two elderly lovers. It is about time she decided between them, but she still wears their frat. pins alternately. Crystal. Mabel Pierce went as a missionary to China. She apparently converted her school to Christianity. When Mrs. Jones- Smith {iiee Miss Hatch) , who was taking a trip around the world for a wedding journey, appeared on the scene, the converts thought her Mabel ' s astral body and returned to their ancient faith. Elizabeth. Miss Chapman is engaged in college settlement work. Miss Sutton, with her boys ' self-governing class, and Miss Jones, with her free kindergarten, assist her. Crystal. Miss Venable has gone into the glove business. Miss Sackett has grown thin disciplining Fred. Miss Moores paints china and Edith Wiggs plaj ' S such parts as Tilly Slowboy very suc- cessfully. Franky eloped with a sea captain — it was verj ' romantic. Well, au revoir, there is mv cue! —ANNIE NORWOOD HUNTOON. Hi: ;NES ' club yo ' evah seed! Ain ' t 3 0 ' nevah hyeahd dem read Dots an ' spots fum lines and s paces? Bless yo ' soul, dis nie amazes! S ' prano sing wif so much skill Make yo ' heart almost stand still; Altos reach so low a pitch ' T would Ian ' de basses in de ditch. Many a operatic light Gits dim an ' dimmer ' twell out o ' sight When on ' St you ' ve hyeahd de Choral sing, Fu ' none cain ' t match, noh evah catch De clear an ' melojous Tones fu ' singin ' Dat de Choral Club can fetch. Ci)e Cennis; Club N the second of April of this year, " all those interested in tennis " were requested to meet and discuss the question of the organ- ization of a tennis association. A fairh ' - well attended meeting resulted, after a few days ' preliminary work, in the formation of the Tennis Club of the Los Angeles State Normal School. The club has for its object the promotion of the athletic and social interests of the school. The following persons were elected officers of the club : Mr. C. V. Kent, president; JNIiss Emma Butts, vice-president; Miss Ethel W ' ebb, secretary and treasurer. One asphalt court is in shape for play, and three clay courts are to be immediately put in condition, and a tournament is in prospect in the near future. The interest shown in the club, both by the students and the facult} " , indicates that it Avill be an important factor in the life of the school. ap ot tfje Struggle Ji ougfjt aibailetf) AY not the struggle nought availeth, The labour and the wounds are vain. The enemy faints not, nor faileth. And as things have been thev remain. If hopes were dupes, fears may be liars; It maj be, in 5-on smoke concealed, Your comrades e ' en now the fliers. And, but for you, possess the field. For while the tired waves, vainly breaking. Seem here no painful inch to gain, Far back, through creeks and inlets making, ComiCS silent, flooding in, the main. And not by eastern windows only, AVhen daylight comes, comes in the light. In front, the sun climbs slow, how slowly, But westward, look, the land is bright. -ARTHUR HUGH CLOUGH. TLiit 31s; trugsle T n li li afe7 O wear out heart, and nerves, and brain, And give oneself a world of pain ; Be eager, angry, fierce and hot, Imperious, supple — God knows what. For what ' s all one to have or not; O false, unwise, absurd, and vain! For ' tis not joy, it is not gain, It is not in itself a bliss, Only it is precisely this That keeps us all alive. To say we truly feel the pain. And quite are sinking with the strain ; — Entirely, simply, undeceived. Believe, and say we ne ' er believed The object, e ' en were it achieved, A thing we e ' er had cared to keep ; With heart and soul to hold it cheap, And then to go and try it again ; O, ' tis not joy, and ' tis not bliss, Only it is precisely this That keeps us still alive. —ARTHUR HUGH CLOUGE. There has not for a lonj time been a more earnestly busy year than the one which is now drawing to a close, but with all our work we have found time to enjoy a goodly number of remarkably pleas- urable social events. deception s One Friday afternoon in the early part of the first term the faculty and school received their friends. The interior of the building had undergone valuable changes during the summer and the guests were interested in viewing the attractive improvements. Refreshments were served the guests b} ' a committee of the factilt}- and students. 3L 2?irtf)bap Himcfjeon, As Miss Allen was about to order her luncheon on vSeptember 23, ' 05, she Avas seized and carried to a table which seven Sr. B girls had spread with the daintiest of surprise luncheons, a birthday cake bearing five candles included. For once the girls had kept a secret and the surprise to Miss Allen was as complete as had been anticipated. Snitiation,, On Wednesda}-, September 27, 1905, the members of the Glee Club after a short business meeting adjourned to the stu- dents ' room, where new members were initiated and entertained(?). iFacultp deception, One of the early and well-appointed enter- tainments was the reception given by the faculty to the students. The pleasing feature of such an event is that the faculty is more in evidence than at other parties, and the students become acquainted with them socialh ' . If allotoe ' en Partp, The whole school joined in Hallowe ' en revelries. Appropriate decora- tions adorned the Students ' Hall and the GA ' m- nasium. Old and new methods of fortune tell- ing were exploited. Swinging doughnuts and apples tantalized many hungry ones. Part of the evening was spent in dancing, music being furnished by Arend ' s Orche.stra. The programs were of bogus paper, with witches in silhouette on them. Apples, nuts, wafers, and chocolate were served in the lunch room. Sin Sifternoon, On the afternoon of Xoven:ber 24th, the then Sr. B ' s assembled in the gymnasium to refresh theriiselves. The Sr. A ' s attempted to interrupt early in the afternoon, but were soon baffied. Some of the class impersonated the faculty. A take-off on the Sr. A class recitals followed. The kindergarten girls entertained with — rsr w-s children ' s games and led us in a complicated march. At a strategic point in the march, the one Sharpe member of the Sr. A class ascended from the regions below, scaled the dividing gate, and swiftly climbed to regions above. No Sr. A could go higher than Sr. B ' s, however, and a fight was soon in full tilt in the dizzy heights of the rafters. Ths remainder of the class retired to the lunch room, where chocolate and wafers were served, and were soon followed by the victors bearing their trophies, a collar, a tie, and a cuff button. Junior 3il=2 Partp, On the 8th of last December, when the Sr. B s were Jr. A ' s, they gave a Christmas party in honor of the faculty. The affair was held in the dining room, which had been transformed with masses of holly and pepper berries, the class colors. The first part of the evening was spent in progressive games. Ivater, refresh- ments were ser -ed, and everyone gathered around the fireplace to toast marshmallows. Santa Claus appeared upon the scene about this time with a pack on his back which held remembrances for ever3-one. All too quickly eleven o ' clock came, and all voted the affair a grand success. uniov 4 ' £f 3Ct J omc to !Tunior 3i-2 ' December lo. 1905, the Jr. Ai ' s were at home to the Jr. A-2 ' s at 2351 London street. When all had arrived, our hostess, liss Crystal Waters, led the way to the music room. Here we had a rollicking good time pla}-- ing Mexican games. Prizes distributed consisted of pieces of Mexican drawn work. After partaking of Mexican hot tamales, we cleared the hall of the card tables, and our hostess, incased from neck to heel in a gingham apron, led us into the dance. So the afternoon passed, and we wended our way homeward satisfied with ourselves, and the world. jnSiSiS! (i iiV Jlccital, Just before Christmas Miss Gill entertained the school and the school ' s friends with a delightful recital of selec- tions from Dicken ' s Christmas Carol, after which refreshments were ser -ed in the lower hall by members of the Sr. B class. JS OP The present Sr. A ' s were a very social lot when they were Sr. B ' s. On the afternoon of January 5, 1906, they gave a hop in honor of the Sr. A ' s, and were escorts thereto of the Sr. A ' s and the facult} " . The dainty little programs were adorned with water color sketches. The affair was a no ' el undertaking and enjoved by all. 3]unior 2 =4 l artp, One of the jolhest events of the season was a party given by the Jr. B-4 class on Friday evening, January 12, 1906. The reception rooms, students ' hall and gymnasium were brighth ' lighted and gaily festooned with innumerable scarlet pen- nants. The first half of the evening was spent in a guessing game, dainty red score cards made in the shape of the class pennants were used. Dancing followed, the music being furnished b ' an orchestra. After the strains of " Home, Sweet Home " had faded away, we left the gay, festive hall in a happy mood, satisfied that the Jr. B-4 ' s were successful in their endeavors. isiSi Wooii JlcceibeSi,, The members of the Jr. B-2 class were very pleasantly entertained Tuesday afternoon, January 23, in the faculty room by their class teacher, Miss Wood. Progressive games were played, after which light refreshments were served. Everyone enjoyed a most pleasant afternoon and all voted Miss Wood a charm- ing hostess. eniov 2 deception The most charming affair of the year was the reception tendered the winter graduating class b the present Sr. A ' s, Januar}- 26, 1906. The appointments were entirely Japanese, from the delicately _. flowered invitations to the dainty little Japanese lady and the al- mond-eyed boys who served punch and wafers to the guests. Library, halls, and gymnasium looked like Japanese fairy land, adorned as they were with many brilliant parasols, lanterns, and chysanthemums. In the gym.- nasium ropes of smilax hung with lanterns made a festooned net- work from balcony to balcony. The orchestra sat in a bower of flowers and to their music fiftj ' girls in bright kimonas threaded the figures of a fancy march and glided from that into a dance in which gay fans fluttered, pretty heads nodded, and bright eyes sparkled. The gay Japs were all in the center of the room when the music ceased. As gay butterflies the} sank to the floor, and a merry class song, to the tune of " Under the Bamboo Tree, " greeted the ears of the audience. I XCE in the Noniial lived a class, We thought that they would never pass, They were so very slow, alas ! Oh, they were Looloos from Flunk-straight-thvough-loo, But now, at last, they ' re Senior A ' s, And much deserve a word of praise. For soon tliey all will wend their ways, So now to them we sing. If you likee us like we likee you Then you are a very good class. AVe likee say this v ry day. We ' re very glad you pass. And when you do leave O sadlj ' we ' ll grieve Perhaps for a single day. Then we ' ll forget that you ' ve e ' er been When we are Senior A ' s. We had a party in the Gym, The Senior A boy butted in, And, O, we thought it was a sin That he should do it. He soon did rue it For when he left us with a -igh He left his collar and his tie, And when he meekly asked us wliy We thus to hini replied : (), say, Senior A, you see Senior B ' s Are made of the proper stuff. Come back again and tell us when You have not had enough. Otis Sharpe, ha, ha ! Otis Sharpe, ha, ha ! We guess you ' ll not try it more. There ' s room for us but not for you This side the old Gym door. A fan-ball contest followed, the bright-colored paper balls being tos.sed in the air upon the fans as the girls crossed the long G ' m from both directions. The balance of the evening was spent with games in the library and dancing in the Gym. The dance programs bore hand-painted sketches of bamboo, and to each a tiny lantern was tied, the dances being printed on Japanese rice paper. The evening was voted a great success. igSi BUtn CteceitJesi, Miss Allen held a charming " At Home " Jantiary 27, 1906, at her home on Arapahoe street. The guests in- cluded the Jr. A class and a few from the Sr. B class. Dainty refreshments were served and the afternoon was enjoyed b} ' all. J r. H iUSpaugf) ectitit Dr. and Mrs. Millspaugh were at home to the members of the gradtiating class, Wednesda} ' , Jantiary 31, 1906. Those who were present carr} ' with them the memor}- of one of the most pleasant affairs of their last school daj-s. ( ub=3iunior | artp„ On the evening of February 2nd, the walls of the new gynniasium beheld a ghosth ' .scene, when the Stib- Junior class entertained their friends at a sheet and pillow-case masquerade. In the dim lights, among the .skeleton heads and cross-bones, the fift ' white-robed figures marched to a ftmeral dirge. Later, the white robes were removed and the lights turned on. Games, dancing, and refreshments followed. t alentine Partp, The Choral Club entertained the Glee Club with a valentine party. Each member of the Glee Club was pre- sented with a bunch of violets on her arrival. They blew bubbles to learn their fates and shot arrows at hearts bearing names, thus finding their partners for supper. The refreshments were delight- ful, as was every other feature, and the Glee Clubbers felt that they had never before been so ro3 ' ally treated. Snitiation, The Glee Club met Wednesday, Februarj ' 15, 1906, for the initiation of new members. Refreshments were served and nuisic rendered. The affair was enjoyed by old and new members alike. jftSrS. CnsliSit) Mt Cfome,, Irs. English was at home to members of her classes on the 24th of February, and was assisted in receiving by her son and by her sister. Dr. Anderson. Mrs. English took advantage of this occasion to introduce members of the Jr. B class, whose group teacher she is, to the older students, and all had a very delightful time. OEIcftion of taU BitittV March 2nd the Sr. A ' s held a lively business meeting in the dining room. The business of the day was the election of staff officers for the Exponent. Busi- ness being completed, the members of the class re- freshed themselves with oranges and wafers. aint Patrick ' ap in tije Movnim The Sr. B ' s entertained with a St. Patrick ' s party, Friday night, March i6th. Most of the class were present, notwithstanding the unsettled weather. The first part of the evening was spent in playing games in the hbrary, the latter part in dancing. The posters furnished by the Sr. A ' s as decorations added to the evening ' s amusement. ifuncral tvbitt The Sr. B ' s and Sr. A ' s of the Normal School, so recently in turmoil over class colors, Friday afternoon, March 23, 1906, smothered their enmity to mourn together over a mutual friend, nay, near relative of both classes, who died after a pitched battle Wednesday. Both classes met in the auditorium, draped the class banners with crepe, hvnig them at half-mast and, to beat of muffled drum, marched with bowed heads through the long corridors of the school. The funeral procession halted in the g -mnasium and the following sad memorial was read: JtplHAT means tliese banners half-mast drajied, The solemn nKjurners marching slow In long procession through the fialls ? Alas ! Grim Death d(jth all fields mow ! fair the flower whose sweet j ' onng life His keen-edged scythe has now destroyed Lest in the field where iip it sprung Some other flower might be annoyed. Class Spirit! Ah, our cherished child, How we have watched our baby grow ! Alas that in his flowery youth Grim Death should lay our loved one low. AVith briny tears arid boisterous sighs We ' ll lay him six feet under sod, And henceforth there will be no smiles; Forever spiritless we ' ll i)lod. We bury him. Let any class That dares to call forth towering wrath Dig up his b ries. But timid ones. Halt first and read his epitajdi : rrr Itrs (£la£5a g ptrtt fflbn met a rntpl fatr. (Srt Ibnu frmit lintrr pfurr it is ton latp. Deep feeling moved the audience during the reading. The sad mourners then lifted up their voices in a pathetic funeral dirge, sung to the tune of the Battle H3-mn of the Republic. jlY IXE eyen have seen the glory of a coming Normal School, « l It has budded in the Senior Class against most every rnle, Its hlossdui lias been blighted by a Faculty most cruel, While our work goes marching on ! Oh Oh Oh WhiU- our work goe? marching on ! Our Class Spirit lies a mouldering in the grave, Despite a mighty effort of a Senior Class most brave. Here we come to mourn the Soul we tried in vain to save, AVhile his gliost goes marching on ! Oh Oh Oh While his ghost goes marching on I There was a iiioiiient of breathless silence, then the piano struck up a lively two-step, and the entertainment that followed was sug- gestive of an Irish wake. The ceremonies were witnessed by the faculty and the juniors, and heartily approved of, especially by the former. JpiiSifii ifrcncf) Cteceibesi, On the afternoon of March 30, 1906, Miss French entertained the kindergarten girls at her home. As are all gatherings of kindergarten girls, the affair was a jolly one and greatly enjoyed by all. JPiSS l agan urpri cb On the night of April 2, 1906, Miss Hagan was surprised b} the Glee Clubljers, who invaded her home en masse, carrying with them ice cream, cakes, and candies, and dishes and spootis wherewith to eat thereof. Songs and stunts, and Mrs. Chanej ' s never-to- be-forgotten Irish clog dance, made the evening pass away all too quickly. l5xponent taff, Miss Xell Brown, the editor-in-chief of the Exponent, requested all the members of the staff to report at her home Saturday- afternoon, April 21st, " to work. " Planning for the publication proved to be pleasant work, when supplemented by daint} ' refreshments. Mature jOap Picnic, On Friday, April 27, the school went in a bod} ' to the Arro o Seco, west of Pasadena, in an attempt to get closer to nature than is possible in the artificial surroundings of our school. Mother Nature was very accommodating and exploited sev- eral kinds of weather during the da}-. A sample shower assumed too large proportions, setiding us homeward rather early, but not in the least dampening our spirits. Games and contests were en- joyed. As in the good old times we read about, the girls made wreaths and daisv chains. Coffee and lemorade were furnished bv the faculty. All agree that it is worth while to institute the custom of observing Nature Day. iFacultp Cea, The Advisory Conunittee of the Y. W. C. A. en- tertained the faculty at tea Monday afternoon, April 30th. HuncfjCOn The Senior Kindergarten girls entertained Dr. Smith and his wife at luncheon one noon in Mav. So much for the past, and now a word for the future. Some things have leaked out, and the events of graduation week bid fair to make a delightful closing to a pleasant social year. On the third day of July, 1907, every member of the Summer ' 06 class must meet in the halls of this Normal vSchool, or send a word of greetinij to their class. jpr. Jpajor g FRIEND of every Senior A He ' s been since first we came: If teachers ever changing are, He alwaj ' s is the same. If the) ' with work our poor brains blast, Or frow n, or scold us sore. We hie us forth into the hall To see him smile once more. He smiles on one and all, I ween, But .still, I dare to say, His smiles a little brighter are For every Senior A. g. b., s ' oo. FROV OVlCblNAL. DRfNNNlKiG oF POPPY FtfLDS BX JOE MflaKS-A E Fivf yCflHi . T HE mintage of wisdom is to know that rest is rust ; and that real hfe Hes in love, laughter and work. " With this thought held clearly in mind, we entered upon our work two years ago — years that have passed so swiftly that it seems but yesterday since our director met us with cordial earnestness. Then she counseled us to remember two things throughout not only our course, but also our lives : First, to take one day at a time, doing the day ' s work completely and thoroughly as possible, never allowing its duties to creep into the next day ' s labor ; and, secondly, to prepare ourselves for our work so thoroughly that we should be able to command the respect, love and confidence of every child that might come under our direction, might need our guidance. How far we may have profited by her words and unfailing example lies wholly with ourselves. She has faithfully and joyfully done her part. Our work during the senior year has been both theoretical and practical. Each morning we have been at our places in the schools where our practice teaching has been done. In the little green Church of the Neighborhood on the east side of the city, near Mateo street, a kindergarten school is maintained which has for several years been conducted by kindergarten seniors. Every September students call upon the mothers of this quarter, seeking children for this school. We become keenly interested in the work, and labor to bring the children into such an atmosphere that their lives may radiate more sunshine in their homes and later possibly bring about better conditions in the district itself. During the last term mothers ' meetings have been regularly held in order that the student teachers may gain better insight into real human life, and be the better enabled to do more valuable work. The co-operation of the rector and his wife, Mr. and Mrs. Marshall, has been invaluable. They have shown deep and abiding interest in the work, and lent a willing hand whenever needed. At the Orphans ' Home at Pasadena we have another group of little children. Although the physical needs are fully provided for, the student teachers have succeeded in bringing joy and gladness into their lives for several hours daily, and have given ordered freedom of expression to their emotional natures. Aliss Theal has been most active, having had this kindergarten under her entire charge for several months. A single instance will show how love requites itself. One day the children had carelessly destroyed a silk flag belonging to Miss Theal. The next morning Guy, who had observed his teacher ' s displeasure, brought to her a tiny canvas flag. Knowing that his sole possession was a knife, she inquired of him where he had secured the flag. Hesitatingly he told her he had sold his knife for a penny, with which he had purchased the flag for her. The kindergarten alumnae provide the means for the general supplies needed in this school. The practice work in Miss F. Green ' s private kindergarten pro vides us with a knowledge of the equipment and management of a school for the children of the wealthy class, in which special condi- tions and problems have to be met and solved. In addition to having served in the three schools associated with the Normal School we have worked as unpaid assistants in the public kindergartens of Los Angeles. At the Normal School our recitations, lectures and practice teach- ing under the supervision of our director constitute the work of preparation ; while the outside teaching gives us an opportunity for testing our ability and becoming better acquainted at first hand with children in their actual environment. So much for our work. What of our aims for the future? We want to realize more completely the simplicity and dignity of little children, and through this knowledge to interpret to the world their desires and needs. We wish to be helpful, capable and cheerful, to change duty to delight — a change which comes when love is seen to be the fulfilling of the law. In the words of Benjamin Ide Wheeler, we believe that what " makes life worth living is that the world should be better for our having lived in it, and that the only thing which brings permanent satisfaction to life is service. " —RUTH COLBORN. ' 06 fff ffpf f ppf r An incident in the history of the Senioi ' A Class during Summer ' 04. Isn Y it characteristic of its author ? Doyle k ilie rvcird»H Lcnimiiiee. if licu kvKW me, act ac- LIFE DOCUMENT oaJ lav dMr ctt - n STATL NOf?M lL SCHOOL WW 7 n s Items of Interest During this 3 ' ear many changes have been brought about in our building. Rooms have been remodeled, new desks provided, and a students ' Rest Room established. The latter has been a source of much pleasure both to faculty and to students. Miss Elliott has been spending the year in lycland Stanford Jr. University. This year we have enjoyed many delightful Monday morning talks. One which ever} ' one remembers with pleasure was given by Mr. F. Tirrell. He talked of the inspiration which his Alma Mater had given him. We all agree heartily in saying that ours will give us as much. This 3 ' ear a new order of proceeding with the daily work has been instituted. Chapel is held at 10:30 instead of 9:00, there being two recitation hours before the services. There has been much talk of changing the locality of the Normal School, but it is very probable that it will remain on its beautiful site for some time to come. The school, faculty, and students have at the present writing given over two hundred and fifty dollars to aid the destitute of San Francisco. The Glee Club gave a benefit concert which netted one hundred and twenty-five dollars toward the relief. Every morning of the present year, we have been entertained with readings by students under Miss Gill ' s direction . One morn- ing we were favored with a charming solo by Miss Crystal Waters. The Choral and Glee Clubs have also contributed their share to- toward making the morning exercises an hour to be looked forward to with joy. This year saw the introduction of a new custom in our school. On the 27th of April the school spent the day in the Arroyo Seco, studying nature in the forenoon and enjoying field-day sports in the afternoon. This was the initiation of Nature Day, which will hence- forward be a gala day for the Normal students. Mrs. English has been granted a 3 ' ear ' s leave of absence. She proposes to spend the time realizing her castles in the air, as she is going to Europe for a stay of fourteen months. Those who were so fortunate as to witness the presentation of ' ' A Midsummer Night ' s Dream ' ' by the Reading Club last June will be glad to know that the play is to be repeated during Commence- ment week. One remembers it as the most delightful afternoon among many given by our students last year. Miss Myrtle Boyle as Bottom kept the audience in laughter by her excellent imperson- ation of that grotesque character, while Miss PauHne Spring made a charming Hermia, Miss Hulda Erickson and Mertie Fassett took the parts of Helena and the Queen very admirably. Extremely pretty work was done by the fairies, particularly by Miss Winifred Smith, whose graceful dancing and sweet singing w ere almost as captivating as was mischievous little Puck in the person of Miss Mina Merrill. These airy little sprites added gaiety and spice to the whole performance. The only changes to be made in the cast are those necessitated by the fact that, while the Reading Club was composed of students from all classes, the performers this year are to be confined to mem- bers of the graduating class. A most enjoyable innovation in the regular program of the cho- rus hour occurred on the 23d of May, when Mrs. L,ogan Tooley Clark of San Francisco .sang several well chosen .songs. Her sweet, powerful voice, with its soft mezzo quality, has a wonderful range, and she used it to the greatest advantage and with ma.sterly control. The students appreciated and enjo ed her .singing most heartih as they freely showed by their close attention and unlimited applause. Edna Carpenter played several accompaniments for her, and displayed fine technic and sympathetic interpretation. May we have .such additions to the regular exercises frequently, and may ours be the opportunity and the pleasure of hearing Mrs. Clark again. Choral and Glee Club Picnic. — On June 3d the Glee Club entertained the Choral Club in a unique way. The two clubs left town at 9 a.m. on a special car, which took them over the balloon route, .stopping at any and all of the beaches they wi.shed. At noon the party stopped at one of the beaches for luncheon and a general good time. When it was time to go home all boarded the car which was at their command and returned, a dusty and happy crowd. Students of the classes of Mrs., Mr. Dozier and Mr. Beals entertained them at luncheon during the week of June 11-15. Mrs. Albertina Smith was entertained at luncheon May 15th by eleven of the Senior A ' s who had been fortunate in teaching under her .supervision. Red were used in the table decorations, and the place cards were pen and ink sketches of the American Girl drawn by lyUella Smith. Mrs. Smith has a leave of absence for a year, but has not decided whether she will cross the ocean or remain in New York. On Friday, the 14th of June, during assembly hour, the faculty and .students of the Normal and Training Schools enjoyed the pla}-- ing of a tiny San Franci.sco violinist, Bertina BofTa. Her playing was full of and its echoes linger with all, who hope to hear of a brilliant future for little Miss Boffa. The credit for the .successful presentation of " The Gypsy, Friday, June 15th, is due to Gill ' s .skill, tact, persistent and indefatigable energy. The part of the Duke Silva was very ablj taken by Miss Edna Barnes, and her interpretation of the role showed fine talent. Miss Ponder as Fidelma was a piquant blending of inno- cence, frivolity and tender womanliness. Miss pla -ed in excellent fashion the part of Zarca, the gypsy father. The other roles were cleverly portrayed by their impersonators. The whole effect was very pleasing and highly instructive. On the 7th of June one of the most artistic and successful enter- tainments of the year was given by the Junior Kindergartners. For several days mysterious parcels were snuiggled through the halls, creating a pleasant atmosphere of expectation. When the afternoon came the kindergarten rooms were resplendent in 3 ' ellow and white. Banners waved over doorways, and the fountain show- ered raindrops on a mass of broom blossoms in the pool below. Hostesses and guests danced and played games until led across the hall to the dainty refreshments. The announcement of Miss Gill ' s approaching marriage to Mr. C. R. West of New York brought in its train many pleasant recep- tions and luncheons in her honor. One of these was the luncheon given her by members of the graduating class, June 14th, in the Normal School dining room. The table was richl} ' decorated with a large center piece of pond lilies. Places were designated by cards artistically adorned with Mexican feather pictures and bits of verse. To Mrs. Hazzard is due all credit for the decorations, cards, and not least, the delicious menu. The piece de resistance was a large heart- shaped cake pierced by one of Cupid ' s darts, while hearts of ice cream were served to each of the guests. " The Senior Class does nothing by halves " is the opinion of students and faculty who enjoyed the spread given June 20th in the lunch room. The spread was given in honor of Miss Dunn and Miss French, the group teachers of the class. As a sauce to the delicious menu, impromptu yells and songs were given. It was a most instructive address which Dr. David Starr Jordan, President of Leland Stanford Junior University, gave in the Normal School Auditorium, Wednesda -, June 20th. His subject was the recent earthquake, of whic h phenomenon he had made a close scien- tific study, and about which he spoke as only the master scientist can. It is alwa3 s a profitable pleasure for the school when Dr. Jordan visits it. Commencement Program Senior B Reception — Normal School Gymnasium, Friday evening, June 22nd. Commencement Sermon — Rev. Robert Mclntyre, D.D., First Methodist Church, Sunday morning, June 24th. Class Day Exercises — Normal School Auditorium, Monday afternoon, 2:30, June 25th. President ' s Reception — Residence, 1423 Bonnie Brae, Mon- day evening, June 25th. Class Play (Midsummer Night ' s Dream) — Normal School Auditorium, Tuesday evening, 8:15, June 26th. Commencement Exercises — Normal School Auditorium. Ad- dress by Rt. Rev. Thomas J. Conaty, D.D., June 28th, 10 a.m. u V Ic 1i y £. V x r A V .fBla T jollies and joshes Dr. Millspaugh in School Economy — Miss Hanson, would you apply in your home town for a school ? Miss Hanson (emphatically) — Oh, no ! They know me too well. Miss Shultz, after stirring lier candy for five minutes — I don ' t see why my candy doesn ' t buldjle up and look like the rest of the girls ' candy. Miss Ellis— liss Sliultz, w " ouldn " t it be a good plan to light the gas un- der it ? IMiss Monks — ly top-knot is about to tumble off ' How is yours ? Mr. Shepardson — (.)h ! mine tum- bled off long ago. Wanted— 400 boys. Miss Hag. x. Overheard in Senior A dressing- room — Well, my picture would sto]) a freight train going sixty miles a minute. 3Iiss Laughlin ' s definition of the tall janitor — Length without breadth or width. Miss Pond — Have you Moore ' s poems ? Bookseller— I think so. Miss; I ' ll look. By the way, here ' s a fine new story just out. It ' s called " Just One Kiss, " and — Miss Pond (haughtily) — I want Moore. Dr. Allen (in psychology class) — Mr. Grot?n, bring j ' ours now. Mr. Groton — Do vou want un- hand? Dr. Allen — Yes, but bring your map, too; your hand alone wouldn ' t do me any good. In P.sycholog} ' Class ; experimenta- tion on Cutaneous Sensation: ' Sir Groton (with eyes closed) — Warm; warm ; pain ; pressure ; cold, etc. ]Mr. Johnson — Oh ! pardon me. I was touching the map on the paper instead of the one on your hand. Mr. Miller (in nature study) — You maj ' review the earthworm tomor- row. Many of you did not digest it when we had it before. Of all sad words of tongue and pen The saddest are — where are the m- n? — Annie Howard. Mrs. Hazzard says if any of you intend to change your name during this ten weeks, she would like to know now. Miss Hagan — There will be no re- duction on students ' tickets. Prices will range from $1.50 up to $.oO. (And nol)ody laughed.) If you " need the dough, " go to Mrs. Hazzard. JNliss Winn wants to know if she " evoluted up " from a monkey. Alice Moore ' s advice to beginners in the art of driving: " Always wai for the car to pass before driving in front of it. " Contribution from Sr. B — Nothing funny ever happens in our class. Mr. Doyle — Buy a cook book from me, ] Ir. Groton. Mr. Groton — No, I don ' t need any. Miss Sloane has already bought one. Miss Gill, in reading Othello — Miss X. Clay makes an excellent Roderigo. You know Roderigo is a kind of an empty-headed fellow. Mr. Chamberlain — I read the other day that a queer fish called the can- dlefish had been caught in the waters of Puget Sound. These fish are so oily that they burn like candles. 5liss J. Clay — Caii they be eaten ? Mr. C. — Oh, yes; but they make a light diet. " An effort will be made so that every student teacher can go, even if at tlie regular fare. I myself will be glad to ' rake up ' the difference. " Did our ears deceive us, Dr. Mills- paugh ? Miss Seaman — ] Ir. Meagher, please read and analyze the next sentence Mr. Meagher — " She wanted me to carry the basket. " " Me " is the ob- ject. liss Seaman — Xow think ; what did she want ? Mr. Meagher — She wanted me. INIrs. Hazzard is very fond of ca- jiers. N. B. — And we trv so hard to please, Alice, writing Juanita ' s initials in sand — Juanita, which wav do the " J ' s " turn? Juanita (standing at left) — Oh ! my wav. Hannah — Yes, your Aunt Sue syni- l)athizes with you. She knows that visits from Dr. Croswell and Miss Osgood at the same time are rather trying, as also do the pupils. One of Miss Sessions ' pupils in sew- ing class— I do feel so sorry for those Senior B ' s because they don ' t know how to teach. After a long and intricate discus- sion in H. of ¥A., delivered by Miss Barton, a voice from rear — We could not hear. Dr. Smith— Well, it really doesn ' t matter. Our representative from Ireland: Dr. Smith — There is only one copy of this book in the library — and it ' s not in. Ada R. — Don ' t have the editorial near the front of the Exponent. It ' s such a shock. A bouquet for the editor. Sad News — We are in great danger of losing Mr. Jolinson. Since his effi- cient (?) work as umpire out in the Arroyo, Eastern magnates have been hot on his trail. Alibis furnished on short notice. Ai)ply to Grace, Pearl, Helen or Nell. Mrs.Hazzard — MissCarrigan, where is Chile ? Miss C. — I think it is an island in the West Indies. And Juanita teaches geography. We are sure nobody will put a per- sonal in the Exponent about our lik- ing cheese. (Signed) Helen Best, Grace Barton, Nell Brown, Miss Wood, who disapproves of sin- gle blessedness — Girls, d on ' t follow the precepts of Tennyson ' s " Brook " ( " For men ma.y come and men may go. But I g-o on forever.) " Miss Dunn to Lena R. — Your name is on the board. W hy didn ' t you come to me immediately ? L. R. — Why, A.iss Dunn, I haven ' t lost my locker key. POETRY. I know a boy From Illinois, And he confessed He ' s Helen ' s Best. P. S. — Helen says the joke ' s all right, but please not to give Louis ' name. Dr. M. hoi)es Grace ' s heart is not affected. " Woe, Avoe, what folly to Ije wise, " for we know otherwise. A poor, weary little sub-Junior — The only day I didn ' t get scolded for losing my locker key was the day of the earthquake. Miss Dunn was too scared to scold. The Bug ' Man lives on the Arroyo, Just give him a chance and he ' il bore you With a tale most absurd Of some marvelous bird He ' s literally dying to show you. ji onnal cfjool Pcriobtcals Review of Reviews — Dr. Croswell. Compres ed Air — Miss Gill. Smart Set — Senior A ' s Outlook — Exponent. Punch — Mrs. Hazzard. Bookman — Mr. Shepardson. Our Dumb Animals — Senior B ' s. Evening Lamp — Auburn-liaired Junior. Harpers — Mr. Norton. Scientific American — Mr. Beals. Examiner — Miss Jacobs. Record — Miss Dunn. Express — John Johnson. Some of the hardest words in our language are spelled with es. Scene. Room I. (Juni(jrs are reading from Pheidip- pides.) Junior (using the rising inflection) — " Athens is saved, thank Pan, " go — Miss G.— Thank whom? Junior (doubtfully — Pan? Miss G. (pointing) — Now what is this in front of you? Tell me. ■Junior — A fern. Miss G.— And this? (pointing) Junior — A chair. Miss G. — Are you sure of it? Tell me what it is. Junior (with emphasis) — A chair. Miss G. — Now tell me whom you are going to thank. Tell me. Junior (triumphantly) — A pan. Miss Hagan — Miss Paine, what is the sharp of re ? Miss Paine — It ' s rye. First Sr. A — One of our girls had an awful fall this morning. She was unconscious for several minutes. Second Sr, A— Is that so ? Where did she fall ? First Sr. A— She fell asleep in Sem- inar, Hints on Education The time was when the best educated man was the one most skilled in ancient lore. One who dared delve into science was shunned or executed as a 7 . ' i::ard. Later the natural and applied sciences came to be necessary to a broad education. During the past decade manual training has deservedly received growing attention. The tendency is thus toward the most practical education, built upon the fundamentals. The supremacy of the dollar today has made a knowdedge of business methods an essential. AMthout it we are not well educated. Hence the increase in the number and size of commercial depart- ments in our public schools. Airs. May L. Cheney, Appointment Secretary of the University of California, says : " For those who expect to teach in California High Schools, courses in stenography and bookkeeping would be most helpful, as there is a good demand for college graduates who can teach stenography, typewriting and bookkeeping, and such teachers com- mand a good salary. " The leading business college of today furnishes this preparation most efficiently. Unlike inferior schools that are sometimes igno- rantly classed with it, it is conducted by educators of the highest type : men and women not only normal-trained and business-trained, but also universitx-trained. Such a faculty, reinforced by a large equipment of modern office appliances, and with the moral support of the best business men of the community, through its system of individual instruction, furnishes a training that cannot be obtained elsewhere. Southern California is proud to possess one such institution, in the Los Angeles Business College. For the third time in its history it has been obliged to double its capacity. You cannot fail to be interested in its publications, which will be gladly sent on applica- tion. You are invited to visit the new building, Fifth-Street-by-the- Park, and to make yourself at home in its library, rest-room or roof- garden at anv time. NORMAL SCHOOL STUDENTS, ATTENTION ! The business firms whose advertisements appear in this Exponent liave demonstrated their friendship to your institution by help- ing to defray the great additional expense caused by the publishing of a book of such a costh ' and artistic nature. Thej ' are espe- cially entitled to your business. You owe it to your Alma Mater — and to yourselves — to see that the firms who have supported you will realize that ' ' it pays to advertise " in the Exponent. r THE BEST THERE IS I l ylo:platP Hark loariis iHajJB, (Eliarts, (SlobcH O. R. WEBER Si CO. Los Angeles, California ( I 210-12 No. Main St. KODAKS PHOTO SUPPLIES DEVELOPING AND PRINTING ARTISTS ' MATE Rl A LS ROWLAND €r CO. 510 so. BROADWAY PHONE 211 JONES ' BOOK STORE 226 West First Street, Los Angeles SCHOOL, BOOKS Bought— Sold— Exchanged— SCHOOL, SUPPLIES, DESKS BLACKBOARDS SEE OUR $1 GOLD FOUNTAIN PEN GUARANTEED Si rffi AN EXPON ENT OF THE BEST IN RAILWAY SERVICE IS THE TO LONG BEACH, SAN PEDRO, TERMINAL ISLAND, POMONA, RIVERSIDE, SAN BERNARDINO, AND TO SALT LAKE CITY AND ALL EASTERN POINTS, THE SALT LAKE ROUTE OFFERS THE BEST OF SERVICE WITH SCENIC ATTRACTIONS WE SHALL BE PLEASED TO SHOW YOU E. J. EDWARDS, Genl. Agent, 250 So. Spring St. E. W. GILLETT, 6.P.A., Los Angeles T. C. PECK, A.G.P.A. LARGEST CAPITAL AND SURPLUS OLDEST BANK IN SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA Capital : : : Surplus and Profit Resources : : $ 1,500,000.00 1,450,000.00 17,500,000.00 Letters of Credit issued available in all parts of the world Special Safe Deposit Department and Storage Vaults Boynton-Fisk Teachers ' Agency " HAS LOCATED OVER 2,500 TEACHERS IN CALIFORNIA = OVER 22,000 IN ALL = Send for Free Manual and Terms. Boynton Normal, same office, Prepares for Teachers ' Examination 525 STIMSON BLK. Both Phones LQS ANGELES Berkeley Office in First National Bank Building •WILCOX BUILDING Corner Second and Spring Streets First National Bank gf Los Angeles UNITED STATES DEPOSITARY Capital, Surplus and Profits - - - $2,706,023.98 Deposits --.... 15,213,974.30 Total Resources - . _ . . 19,199,998.28 SPECIAL DEPARTMENT FOR WOMEN STEIN WAY PIANOS Recognized the world over as the most artistic form of piano construction Geo. J. Birkel Company Steinway, Cecilian and Victor Dealers The New Steinway Vertegrand, Price $525 345-7 SOUTH SPRING STREET To Let FURNISHED APARTMENTS FoK S14 monthly 3 ' ou can rent 3 rooms, furnished, com- plete, new, elegant, g as range, bath, telephone. Central location. 334 S. Figueroa Street. 204-222 N. Fremont Ave. 1133-1141 and 1028 W. First St. 150 N. Beaudry Ave. 1020 Colton St. 712 Ceres Ave. 1003 1011 E. 9th St. S16, 1323 S. Hill Street. Los Angeles, Cal. HOTEL ORENA. Just opened. Everything new. Fire-proof, steel building. Richly furnished. Low- summer prices. Opposite Post Office. Corner 7th and Hope Streets, Los Angeles, Cal. School and Class Pins cA Specialty Ask for Designs and Estimates CARL ENTENMANN Manufacturing Jeweler 2Y1)-- SOUTH SPRING STREET LOS ANGELES, CAL. HOME PHONE EX. 339 SUNSET PHONE MAIN 339 GASS-SMURR DAMEREL GO. (INCORPORATED) HEATING AND VENTILATING ENGINEERS Manufacturers of Heating- ; and Ventilating- Apparatus Steam. Hot W ater, Fan Blast, Hot Air Heating of Public Buildings a Specialty. Pians, Specifications and Estimates Furnislied BUILDERS ' HARDWARE AND HOUSE FURNISHINGS FACTORY OFFICE and STORE WilloyO and Mateo Streets 412-414 S. BroadiOay City Steam Carpet Gleaning Works LAYING ' ITY ' if-v ' :-i :;Sr.4. ' C t r ' ¥ %fe ' F ' rt REPAIRING BORDERING P j l RE-FITTING 0 l " ' ' Upholstering CARPETS - yr vWD J ( K , ---- ' JOHN BLOESER. Prop., Office 507 Scvith Flower Street Both Telephones Main 427, Home 427 SIGNOR D. BOFFA Music Teacher violin, ' cello, harp, etc., taught Ensemble Playing Classification, Regulating and Repairing Old and New Violins a Specialty MISS BERTINA BOFFA SOLO VIOLINIST MADAME GHARLOTTE BOFFA Soprano Concert, Church and Oratorio Engagements Desired 514 S. FiGui.KOA St., Los Angeles Home Phone 8726 WEBER PIANOS ARE BEST THEY COST A LITTLE MOKE BUT LAST A LIFETIME SOLE AGENCY HAS ALWAYS BEEN WITH THE :::::::. BARTLETT MUSIC CO. 231-233-235 SOUTH BROADWAY OPP. CITY HALL SIXTEENTH SEASON f ENRY J. KRAMER SCHOOL OF DANCING (f MEMBER AMERICAN SOCIETY OF PROFESSORS OE DANCIKG NEW YORK BALLROOM DANCING, STAGE OR STEP DANCING IN ALL ITS VARIOUS BRANCHES BAR NO N E— A M A T E U R S COACHED FOR THE PROFESSION IN ALL LINES OF VAUDEVILLE 932-934 South Grand Avenue - - Phones 5581, West 1508 Pasadena Ci asses at Elks ' Hall Suggestions For The School Garden Reprint of article written for the Exponent by Prof. Love Holmes Miller. A few copies for sale, iO Cents Each, Earthquakes Reprints of the article b} ' Prof. Jas. F. Chamberlain, iS Cents Each. Presid ent Millspaugh ' s Portrait and Short Essa} ' on " IDEALS, " mounted for framinE;-. 25 Cents, raa.v b3 had from Publisher of " EXPONENT. " NEEDED in every HOME, SCHOOL and O.-FICE RECENTLY ADDED, 25,000 NEW WORDS PHRASES NEW GAZETTEER OF THE WORLD NEW BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY 2380 Quarto Pages. 5000 Illustrations. IT IS A PACKED STOREHOUSE OF ACCURATE INFORMATION Editorin Chief, ' ..■. T. HARRIS. LL.D.,U.S.Com. ofEc " GRAN D PRIZE, WORLD ' S Fair, £t . Louis %!Z, ' FREE. " Di;ti-narv Wrin ' .des. " I ::j5trated pamphlet f WEBSTER ' S a. C. MERRIAM CO., Sprine field, Mass. I international i GETTHEBEST DICTIONAKY, KilM ' M " UC SOUTHERN REGIONAL LIBRARY FACILITY A 000 645 487 UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA LOb .inGELES LIBRARY

Suggestions in the University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) collection:

University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1903 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1904 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1905 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1907 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1908 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1909 Edition, Page 1


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