University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA)

 - Class of 1902

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University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1902 Edition, Cover
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Text from Pages 1 - 206 of the 1902 volume:

k m UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES S?i ' tv. ' ' L ' W-l ' ' ' - • m -,: • ' ■ .1 i LOS ANOELES STATE NORMAL SCHOOL LOS AN(DEL.ES, CALIFORNIA Board of Trustees, 1900=1901. HENRY T. GAGE, Ex-Ofi5cio Governor THOMAS J. KIRK, Ex-Officio, Superintendent Public Instruction R. H. F. VARIEL Los Angeles HENRY W. O ' MELVENY Los Angeles N. P. CONREY Los Angeles JOHN S. COLLINS Ventura E. J. LOUIS, Los Angeles Officers of the Board. R. H. F. VARIEL, President. HENRY W. O ' MELVENY, Vice-President. EDWARD T. PIERCE, Secretary. Executive Committee. R. H. F. VARIEL, HENRY W. O ' MELVENY, JOHN S. COLLINS. 502a WUTev DEDICATION. To ye critic teachers we here state, Our cherished book we dedicate. We ' ll yet be famed, we feel, we know it; To ye critic teachers we do owe it! To show our deep appreciation Of patience tried for long duration As humble tribute, pray take this With kindly charity, such as ' tis. ±4 fc Faculty, 1900=1901. Normal Department. EDWARD T. PIERCE, LL. B., Pd. D., President, School Economy. MELVILLE DOZIER, B. P., Vice-President, Mathematics and Bookkeeping. GEORGE F. JAMES, A. M., Ph. D., Professor of Psychology and Pedagogy, and Supervisor of Training School. ISABEL W. PIERCE, Preceptress, English. SARAH P. MONKS, A. M., Curator of Museum, Zoology and Botany. HARRIET E. DUNN, Librarian, History. CHARLES E. HUTTON, A. M., Registrar, Mathematics. JOSEPHINE E. SEAMAN, English. MAY A. ENGLISH, Chemistry. JAMES H. SHULTZ, A. M., M. D , Physics and Physiology. EVERETT SHEPARDSON, A. M., Psychology and Pedagogy. ADA M. LAUGHLIN, Drawing. JAMES F. CHAMBERLAIN, Geography and Physics. CHARLES M. MILLEK, Sloyd. CHARLES DON VON NEUMAYER, Reading. SARAH J. JACOBS, DIRECTOR OF PHYSICAL Training. B. M. DAVIS, M. S., Biology and Physiology. KATE BROUSs-EAU, Psychology and Mathematics. MARY M. SMITH, Drawing and Sloyd. JENNIE HAGAN, Music. AGNES ELLIOTT, History and Geography. MARY G. BARNUM, B. L., English. LOU HELLMUTH, Ph. B., M. L., English. . C. HAZARD, Domestic Science and Domestic Art. CY J. ANDERSON, Domestic Science and Reading. Kindergarten Training Department. FLORENCE LAWSON, Director. GERTRUDE LAWSON, Assistant. Training School. Critic Teachers. FRANCES H. BYRAM, City Principal. HELEN MACKENZIE, ALBERTINA SMITH, CARRIE REEVES, CLARA M. PRESTON. N TO DOCTOR SHULTZ. Oh! Doctor was a goodly man; A goodly man was he — And all his pupils they were good, As good as they could be. II. But Doctor must a wooing go; A wooing go must he — And off his mustache he did shave. As bare as bare could be. III. And Doctor ' s mind did absent grow; So absent did it grow That even his own precious class The dear man didn ' t know- IV. And soon the Doctor disappeared; Eh! disappeared did he — And watch and wait so faithfully, So faithfully did we. V. Then he returned with a lady fair; With a lady fair came he; " This lady ' s Mrs. Shultz, " said he. As proud as proud could be. VI. Then at the lady we all " rubbered " Oh! rubber right hard did we. And then we surelj- were as glad — I guess almost as he- R. P.- Exponent Staff. Business Manager Assistant Business Manager Editor in Chief GRACE A. GREENE MABEL JOHNSON LOUISE J. SATTERLEE Associate Editors. Literary Professional Class Society Alumni . News Athletics Exchange Y. W. C. A. Staff Artist Jessie Henderson Grace Murphey Aimee Daniels Mabel Johnson Mabel Dooner Bernice Wolfe May Burnett Mabel Gunning Maude Parker . Edith L- Quinn WHO ' S WHO? WHO ' S WHO? Our School. — When the question as to whether or not we shall publish an " Exponent " came before the present Senior A class, many were the " pros and cons " to be considered before the final decision might be reached. Ex- isting conditions, peculiar to this class, were enough to discourage such an attempt. But, on the other hand, the appeal was made that each issue of the " Exponent " brings credit to the school ; that the school depends upon each graduating class for a paper that z nll bring credit, both to the school and to the class. It was this weighty argument that decided us. in spite of adverse conditions, to undertake this work, to add to the records of past Senior A classes our humble offering. (May the result justify the decision !) We are only too glad to do our part in upholding the school colors, for surely ours is a school of which we may well be proud. We may feel confi- dent that justice will be dealt out to all alike within these walls. Hence, we know that the laurels we win — in the form of fine, fat C ' s — have been earned by us. And when our efforts are rewarded by only a poor, paltry P, we meekly accept the inevitable, but at the same time determine to make good the deficiency. It is no wonder that so many of our graduates make suc- cessful teachers. They should all remember with deepest gratitude those under whom they received their training. They should be glad and proud that theirs was the opportunity to obtain that training in the Los Angeles Slate Normal School. Winter, 1902. — Ours is a class of many trials and tribulations. In the first place, we are a small class ; and woe to the Senior class that is few in numbers! There is just so mudi work to be apportioned among the mem- bers of the class. Hence, the smaller the class, the more arduous is the part to be performed by each individual Senior. We are also a class of — Bachelor Maids! The absence of young men has certain points in its favor ; but it also has its drawbacks, as we who have had charge of the ' " Exponent " have liad occasion to find out. Just wait, girls of the lower classes, till you are Senior A ' s, and see how easy it is to solicit " ads " for your paper; how easy, too, it is to obtain the " ads " after your solicitation. Then, and only then, can you appreciate the feeling of trepidation with which a girl beards a business man in his stronghold ; with what discouragement she receives a repulse ; with what gratitude she re- ceives the kindly consideration of another ; with what joy and elation she obtains the much-coveted " ad. " ' Although we are a small class, and a class of girls, behold our motto : " Not quantity, but quality ! " This principle we have endeavored to express in our work ; we have added the quantity when possible, and — when necessary. As we look back along the years we have spent in the Normal School, the time seems incredibly short. It is only by reviewing the achievements of each year, and of each term, that we can realize the full extent of time cov- ered, and that the end is so near. Our Paper. — In Publishing our annual, much pleasure and gratificat ion should be enjoyed by managers and editors. And such is the case if all do their work in a spirit of harmony. But if the editors fail to co-operate, and each one to do her part, the neglected work falls on the shoulders of their chief, who is held responsible for the failure or success of the paper. The Business Manager and Editor-in-Chief have not sought their respective offices, with all the hard work they entail. They have been elected by their class, and when the class so elect their officers, they should not leave them to stand or fall, but should assist them by every means in their power. I Iay we suggest quite a simple way in which the editor may be very materially helped- If the class, instead of electing all of the associate editors,, will empower the editor-in-chief to appoint them, it is our belief that the editors may then be held more directly responsible, and that more thorough and efficient work will be the result. However, those who have contributed to this issue of the " exponent " have done their best. We do not intend anything we have said as an apology for our paper, but simply as suggestions, possibly helpful to classes fol- lowing ours. We know that this paper is to be read by those who have a kindly and charitable feeling for us and for our work. We sincerely hope and trust that each one may derive some pleasure or benefit from these pages. Young men, turn to the " Athfetics " page of this paper and ask your- selves what it means. The poor httle editor could not obtain a single inter- esting item from your ranks. We do feel ashamed for you. Although the young men of the school are decidedly in the minority, we, the girls, beli eve that you have some school spirit, and we depend u pon you to demonstrate this spirit and to uphold the school colors in a manner worthy of commenda- tion. We shall expect to see great advancement in field sports during the coming term. You will have the new g}-mnasium as an additional stimulus to greater effort. Seniors Yet To Be)v. — Soon you will be following in the paths we have so lately trod. Take just a word of advice from those who know w hereof they speak. First, get to work on your class business at the earliest possible date. (Do not shirk class meetings.) After electing officers, at once make your plans, .systematically. Then see that these plans are promptly executed. Lo.se none of the " golden minutes, " as they fly by. You will save yourselves some trouble if, whenever you wish anv work done, cither as a class or as individuals, you will patronize those who have advertised in the " Exponent. " State where you saw the " ad " ; and if this is done, the business men of the city will be more easily persuaded to advertise in our paper. Rem. rks. — We wish to thank Mr. and Mrs. Pierce for the unvarying kindness and sympathy manifested by them in their relations with our class. Few classes have had occasion to test that sympathy as ours has had ; and we have never found them wanting. Messrs. Ford Smith and Little deserve a word of thanks. Their work on this book speaks for itself. They have been especially helpful in making suggestions that have added to the artistic value of our book. The staff are indebted to Mr. Mojonier, the official photographer, for the many courtesies received from him. Farewell. ' — This seems to be the most appropriate place in which to say farewell to our beloved Alma Mater. May those whom we leave behind remember with kindness the Winter Class of 1902. .As for us. we are eager to begin our work in the world. Yet we leave with regret these sheltering walls, within which we have received the training for our chosen vocation. Dear Alma Mater, we bid you a lingering and reluctant — Farewell! .SHU V mm mi g ' 1 IF H m, H 1 ' ' J ■ P P c H k . Mi . Class History. And it came to pass that in the eighteen hun- dred and ninety-eighth year there was gathered together unto Room B of the Temple of the Nor- mal School a goodly multitude, and these be the names of those gathered there : Lottie of the house Emery, Elsie of the house Goodhue, Grace of the house Murphey, which was come from Ireland, Rebecca of the house Gun- ning, Anna of the house Ford, Jessie of the house Henderson, and May of the house Burnett. These were those who gathered with others unto Room B of the Temple of the Normal School. Now of these, Grace of the house Murphey, who came from the land of Ireland, had possessed herself of an e in her name and was strong in the faith, Methodism. Jessie of the house Hen- derson hath turned her face toward the circus when it comes to town. Innocent and bland is she and studious withal. Lottie of tne house Emery, comely and fair to look upon, raven-haired and rosy-cheeked, and even so the baby of the tribe. Rebecca of the house Gunning, who openeth her mouth and speaketh many words. Lottie of the house Emery and Rebecca of the house Gunning loved each other passing well, but strife was stirred up in their hearts, and in the second year of fellowship they were cut asunder, and no longer do they look upon each other with favor, and yea it is so even unto this day. Elsie of the house Goodhue, quiet and demure, who was moved to speak slang this summer. Alma of the house Ford, who, when pro- voked to anger, looks with fiery eyes upon the offender, and who lives in brotherly love with May of the houseBurnett, shall and gentle, and withal athletic. These are those who are left of all that goodly assembly, who gathered four years ago in Room B of the Temple of the Normal School. And it came to pass that after these had assem- bled together with others, there came unto them the head of the faculty, and spake unto them, telling them the duties that the future tribal life involved. These laws they have kept, yea even unto this day. Now of the many leaders of the tribe there was one patriarchal father, Hutton by name, v ' ho taking pity on this small tribe, taketh them under his wing, and even so helped them on their way. But of all the children of the tribe, this good father did cherish their baby of the house of Emery. Within this tribe they looked upon themselves as wise, but others counted them as a drop in the bucket, yea, as the small dust of the balance were they counted. But those who so rated them are past and gone from the Temple of the Normal School, and at last they stand at the head of the tribes of the Temple, and look not with contempt upon those behind them. Verily, they deserve their achievements. Trials and tribulations have they met on all sides. Yea, times have found them in the deep Slough of Despondency or in the Dungeon of Despair. Behold, once they defied their elders, and besought with much wailing and gnashing of teeth that their burdens be lightened, and the good elders called an assembly and brought forth judg- ment, even so that they were released. Verily, they thank them and declare them good even unto this day, even though some of these good elders and teachers dealt hard with the chil- dren of this tribe. Yea, some of the wise ones were held captive for ten or twenty weeks, and made obedient to the law of the Temple, even tliat of work and stud) ' . Woe unto him who suf- fered himself to be led aside from the path of the right course in Reading or in Botany, for the elders were exceeding wroth and marked heavily. Now as the tribe began to weaken and grow less in numbers,, it came to pass that a second lot came unto the tribe. Yea, from the higher Tem- ple an older and wiser tribe came unto them, and verily they have proved a goodly help unto the smaller tribe. Differed they greatly from the younger tribe, tall they were, yea, and of great leadership. These were they of the tribe of the High Temple. Maude of the house Parker, Harriet of the house Sheldon, Louise of the house Satterlee, Mabel of the house Dooner, Emily of the house Monroe, May of the house Petray. -- nd to this tribe of ours came also from foreign tribes, Mattie of the house Clapp, Amy of the house Noble, Mabel of the house Johnson, Mabel of the house Crum, Aimee of the house Daniels, Eva of the house Tullis., Inez of the house Alee, Orra of the house Gardner, Grace of the house Greene, Grace of the house Davies, Edith of the house Ouinn, Bernice of the house Wolfe, Ethel of the house Cocke, and Laura of the house Finch. So, all these were added unto them, and a good- ly number doth it make. It was not fit that among this wise multitude one of the sterner gen- der should intrude, and thus have they kept unto themselves. I am besought by many to tell of the deeds of these, when all had been assembled. Verily, they decided to have a time of feasting and merry-making, and upon the 30th of October they assembled in a ghostly multitude to welcome into the gates the other Dwellers of the Temple. Mirth and laughter entered with them, and with great joy did they gather. Then spake the voice of one of the elders, " Be- hold, and at eleven let all depart, and get them gone, " and at eleven all departed from the Tem- ple. Word came unto those of the tribe, that the Sr. A tribe could not take up their plan books and depart until they had given them of their cheer. Now it had come to pass, that this same Sr. A tribe, being of great might and of much conceit among themselves, looked with enmity upon the smaller tribe, even so much that at one time the smaller tribe rose up, and possessed thmselves of the luscious Sr. A mince pie, wherewithal did they regale themselves in the tower of the Temple. They were captured and judged by this supreme tribe and condemned, and forthwith they gave alms unto the tribe that they mig ht again feast in tlie temple. " Woe be unto them, straight way, " said the smaller tribe ; " they who look with scorn and back-biting upon us. " And it came to pass that the tribe was divided into two divisions among themselves, and these were for the tribe Sr. A and these agamst. Verily, was it so. Then some of the wise ones of the High Tem- ple rose up, and spake unto them, saying, " Be- hold, and would ye not return good for evil ; 3 ' ea, verily, say we. let us heap coals of fire upon their heads. " So, the word fell as dew at morn- ing, and they listened and obeyed. And the word of these wise came unto them, saying, " Concerning this party that ye would have, call a meeting among yourselves and de- cide what it shall be. It was done, preparation went on, and at last was finished. The ceiling was gemmed with lanterns, many colored, and of exceeding beauty, and the room shone in Japanese tirmming. Verily, all v.-as done well, and the tribe Sr. A ' s acknowledged it. So, and where are they all? They have left, verily left, and left behind them the Lower Tern- pie where the little children sing and play and are ruled by five of the teachers. Yea, verily, it is so. Behold, a great tribulation came upon them, and there wras sorrow and trouble among the tribe. A voice came unto them, saying, " Depart ye children to the Lower Temple, there to mingle among them, learn their ways, and teach unto them the good precepts ye have learned of us. " And sorrowing, yea weeping, they departed be- low, and took upon themselves their burdens. And it came to pass that the trouble only bound them more closely together, and they spake together often of their troubles. Yea, it was even so. And bound together by the ties of the first grade were Mabel, the flaxen-haired of the house Johnson ; Edith of the house Quinn, who was possesse dof much spirit and would e ' en cake walk and sing aloud ; Rebecca, of the house Gun- ning ; Mabel, of the house Dooner ; Grace, of the house Davies ; Lottie, of the house Emery ; Orra, of the house Gardner, and Laura, of the house Finch. They, under one tall, fair teacher, learned to love and cherish the little ones. Behold of these, Dooner, who dotes on the officer of the High Temple, lay down the laws and statutes to the children of the Lower Temple. Edith of the house Quinn, she leadeth her flock on the right path and doeth exceeding well. And it came to pass that liernice of the house Wolfe, May of the house Burnett, Inez of the house Mee, May of the house Petray, Elsie of the house Goodhue, were with the children under the principal leader. Yea, verily so; and Ber- nice of the house Wolfe, and May, of the house Petray, were the long and short of this part of the tribe, yet did exceeding well. Mattie of the house Clapp, Jessie of the house Henderson, Ethel of the house Cocke,, Aimee ot the house Daniels, Mabel of the house Crum, were together with another of the wise teachers. And it came to pass that Ethel of the house Cocke put her delight in the mastery of wood- work, and yearned exceedingly to teach her chil- dren sloyd. Aimee of the house Daniels, bright and witty, logical and well read, was decreed by the oracle of tlic Temple to be cross. Yea, verily so; but can it be true? Grace of the house Greene, Emily of the house Monroe, Eva of the house Tullis, Grace of the house Murphey — with an c in her name — Maude of the house Parker, Anna of the house Ford, were with the new leader of the school. And lo ! exceeding well did they, and went to the high oracle of the Temple and spake to him of their troubles. And he spake, and said, " Arise and go on with your work, and faint not. Yea, be not wearied in well doing. " And they departed and obeyed forthwith. And lastly the tribe was divided into Harriet of the house Sheldon, Louise of the house Sat- terlee, and Amy of the house Noble. And ex- ceeding well loved they their wise teacher. Yea, and all do even unto this day. And it shall come to pass that on the 29th day of January, in the year nineteen hundred and two, that these of this, the small tribe of the Temple, who have done well — yea, beyond expectation, so sayeth the oracle of the Temple — shall assemble in the great room to hear final judgment. They shall hear the words : " Ye have done well ; de- part. " And then each shall take his roll of parch- ment and depart with sorrow and weeping, leav- ing the Temple they love and the people of their fellowship and tribe. Yea, verily, it shall be so. M. R. G. This Term ' s Work. " This hasn been the best tcrm " s work we have ever had. " I am sure tliat this is what Mr. Pierce will say some morning about January 30th. That certainly will Ije true, even if some of us in the training school do feel as if we had not done one thing right for six whole months. One day I saw one of the girls come rushing down the hall, wringing her hands and crying, " Oh, girls, what shall I do! The term is only half gone, and here I have gone twenty pages farther than I ought in the whole term. Oh, I know I ought to have consulted that horrid old Course of Study. Dr. James told us to, I know, but when could I get time? It took every spare minute to measure those hills for geography. What will Mrs. do? I ' m done for! " Then came this philosophic answer, " Why, child, you need not let any one know. Just commence to review. I don " t think it will hurt the children, and maybe Mrs. will not be able to tell that you have been over it before. " (I wonder if she could.) One of the most difficult things we have had to do is making our letters " rcund and straight as soldiers. " I will admit that others have had the same trial, but . Our letters are always round shouldered unless they are not round at all. One day when observing I saw a student teacher, who was writing on the board, suddenly stop with agony written on her face. I could almost hear her saying to herself, " Is that the letter tliat must have a loop to it, or the one that must not? " After a short conflict (time must not be wasted), she made a brave attempt. A pupil promptly raised his hand and calmly asked, " What letter is that ? " In the Senior A term we enjoy the greatest privilege of the whole course — method classes. Sometimes during these periods it bcomes absolutely necessary to fill up time. Occasionally a student, unconscious of her duty, falls into a quiet slumber, which is passed over unnoticed. Sometimes by attention to some vital question, outside of geography, the teacher is given opportunity to charge the student with being inattentive, ill-bred, insolent and bigoted, which, with other appropriate epithets, occupies the remainder of the period. At other times, without any a])parent cause, the whole class is the subject of a long harangue. The import of this can be conveyed in a single sentence, which is iterated and reiterated — " You are not looking for real success in the teaching of reading. All you want is to fool your teachers and make them think you are doing what you are not doing. " The other day a Httle bird whispered into my ear that somebody told her that a teacher told her class that the Senior A method class knew nothing,, absolutely nothing, in English history. We are learning. But, notwithstanding all our troubles, it is pleasant to step out into the yard and see a score of hands, handkerchiefs, or caps waving at you, or when the lines pass in the morning to feel something slipped into your hand. It may be only a red geranium, or perhaps a yellow autumn leaf, but the smile that comes with it makes it beautiful. It is very pleasant just before vaca- tion, when you are passing through the room where a pupil must not be spoken to by any means, to feel a little hand catch you and a voice shyly whisper, " I hope you have a merry Christmas, " or " I wish you a happy, happy New Year. " E. M. O f The Naming of Santa Monica — A Legend of California. Not many years ago there were no settlements in the western part of the United States, except the rude habitations of the Indians. Then it was that the early Spanish explorers came and saw the richness of the country. They were followed, as was then customary, by their padres, or priests, who established missions which included churches and schools. Here they taug-ht the savage the rudiments of civilization. Two of their earliest missions were those established at San Diego and -.lonterey. At rare intervals journeys were made between the two places, when the route chosen usually followed the coast line quite closely. While undertaking one of these journeys, the missionaries arrived one bright May morning at a spot about three miles inland from the present location of Santa Monica. It was the feast day of St. Monica. The mountains and canyons stretched to the north and to the west of them, while they stood on a grass-covered slope. At a short distance, some syca- more trees, already several centuries old, reared their hoary heads ; and it was under these that the good padres and their faithful followers held their simple services. A few feet away from the trees was seen a large rock from which issued two small clear streams of water. These they called the " Eyes of St. Monica. " This phrase calls for an explanation. St. Monica was a widow who lived during the early part of the Chris- tian era. Her son, Augustine, afterwards a saint, for twenty years had led an exceedingly wild and reckless life. In fact, it is said that his poor mother continually wept for his transgressions. At length, through her prayers and intercessions, he renounced his evil ways and afterwards led a most exemplary life. Thus it was that the fanciful Spaniard poetically called these little streams the good mother ' s eyes ; and even to this day there are those who can point out the location of these springs. When, in the course of time, the Spanish families formed a small settle- ment nearer the coast, they remembered this story of the padres and named their little town Santa Monica. Nellie Whelan, ' 02. Under the Mistletoe. The frost had silvered the grass in the morning, But disappeared in the sun ' s first ray ; Nature ' s verdant hue, the hills adorning, With the sky ' s deep azure, now holds sway. ' Tis a brilliant day in late December, The day before Xmas, not long past noon ; The scene and air make one remember The old Eastern home and a day in June. They ' re gathering holly within a ravine, — A manly youth, a maid fair to see ; Arms laden, they wander thro ' shadow, thro ' sheen; Then rest ' ncath the boughs of a huge oak tree. ' Tis a gnarled old oak whose shelter they seek. His glance wanders upward ; then, quick as a flash, He stoops, and his lips lightly touch her fair cheek. She as promptly resents his act so rash. She flashes a look of indignant surprise ; He hastens to show her the wherefore ; and lo I Slowly a smile lights her winsome grey eyes For above in the oak is the green mistletoe ! L. J. S.— W. ' 02. I 1 I A " Fowl " Tale. Once upon a time, there were reared by a fond foster- mother two roosters, Dandy and John. Never was young rooster- hood happier than theirs. Tliey were petted and spoiled. They seldom played with their less for- tunate brothers and sisters, but whilcd away the hours on the sunny door-step. There they would sit, teasing for something to eat ; for, like most children, they loved to tease, and loved to eat between meals. Dandy was a White Leghorn, domineering, high-spirited, quick,tem- pered and exceedingly officious. John was a Brahma, slow, submissive and very affectionate. As the months flew by, Dan- dy ' s bad qualities increased. He became very vain of his glossy, white plumage and great red comb. He cast many jealous glances toward his gentle broth- er. Whether John was eating, walking or peacefully napping, Dandy was sure to interfeine. The Brahma, quickly submitting ' , would always flee : and then the Leghorn would give chase, until the kitchen door, quickly opened, would give a refuge to John. The enormous White Leghorn made the poor Brahma ' s life miserable. Dandy and John were friends once more. This is the way it came about : They were having one of their accustomed spats, and, as usual, Dandy was getting the better of his brother. Suddenly their mistress rushed out of the door, grabbed Dandy by his feet, swung him around several times and tossed him to the further corner of the yard. Badly shaken, he picked himself up, and looked in amazement at John. Could it be possible that his meek, long-suffering brother had whipped him at last ! There was no doubt in his mind about it. Ever after, the hitherto mal- treated John received naught but liespectful consideration from his aggres- sive brother. MORAL. Now the moral to this foul theme Is very plain, I deem. If you arc vain, and proud at all. Your pride will have to fall. But if, like John, you ' re mild and meek. And for your rights ne ' er speak. Not always friendly help you ' ll find, But oft be left behind. • , Ola S. Hil us, W. ' os. Reminiscences of an Early California Settler. To the imagination of an early settler, the picture of vanished years, in one swift in- stant, comes forth as vividly as if it were the present. The recollections of his early home, the white-washed adobe house, with its wide extensive patio, the panorama of a life-time still lingers in his mind. He re- calls those days, the days of happiness and hope, when, mounted on his lieautiful horse, he roamed far and wide over the hundreds of acres which composed the family rancho. This rancho, as he recalls it, was not bare and barren, but green and fertile ; it was the pasture of thousands of cattle and hun- dreds of horses. As he stands in the midst of the rancho, far beyond he catches a glimpse of the adobe house, the corrals and the barns. He quickens his pace and at last comes to the vaqucros. These with their long nates are M f f Bf» " driving the cattle. As he approaches, with Jif j .. ' ( y r - what respect they treat him ! They only 1. fe " -»s - remember that he is their patron, and they stand still to hear his command. A word but joyfully. Love binds them to him; love inspired by his kindness. from his lips suffices and his command is executed, not with fear and awe. He sees the low adobe house surrounded by its wide verandas, and he remembers the broad corridor that extended across its entire front. There he used to sit, while he thought of the applause he had received at the last fiesta. In these verandas the greater part of the family life was passed. The old well, with its bucket, that stood under the veranda of the inner patio, and the long strings of chilis that hung on the outer wall would produce a most pleasing sight to the critical eye of the modern traveler. The evergreen orange groves, the beautiful garden of carnations, the geraniums and roses, and the vines which twisted around the pillars of the verandas, tended to beautify the place. The early settler now recalls the interior of his home. In the kitchen, the cooks always in a hurry, are preparing the dinner, while in the adjoin- ing rooms, but especially in the verandas, are the seiioritas of the family. They always appear dressed in their gorgeous costumes, with their beautiful mantillas and dresses of damasco. Their faces glow with happiness, traces of an easy life. For they led a life of gayety never perhaps to be seen again on these sunny shores. As we proceed to the farthest end of the veranda, the padre of the family is sitting on the old oak bench ; he is either thoughtful or conversing with a dear friend or relative. He is dressed in his usual costume, the large Spanish sombrero, the pantaloncras, decorated with golden buckles, and the scrape on his shoulders. At some distance from the house are the barns and corrals which contain the pride of the early settler. Thirty or forty vaqueros meet our sight ; some are breaking the colts, others are hitching the wagons, while still others are lasspndo in the corral. A little to one side are seen the caballeros of the family. With what dexterity they handle their horses ! But as the dream of the early settler draws to an end, just as his past life flashes before him, all at once rises the thought of his future. Too soon, this pleasant dream of his early life vanished from his mind forever. Yl. ria Machado. The Hidden Treasure. A LEGEND OP SAN GABRIEL MISSION. For twenty days beautiful San Gabriel lay steeped in sorrow. The toll- ing of the mission bells, slowly and mournfully, told the sad story of her dear dead inhabitants. For just twenty days had the destroying and unknown fever ravaged her contented settlement. But now the saddest news of all spread over the village and brought consternation to every heart,, for Father ' allencio, the most beloved of all the fathers of San Gabriel Mission, lay on his lowly couch, while the dreaded fever sapped his life and strength, as a dog laps the water from a half-filled vessel. " Water, water, " cried the mission doctor, " is the only cure for the deadly fever. " But their water supply was ebbing away, for the crystal draught in those days was scarce. Gladly had the settlers suffered thirst for the sake of their sick. Their one thought was to save the good Father Vallencio. All night long the grateful and loving Indian girl, Wachita, lay thinking of her friend and rescuer, the stricken father. How her life and his had been intimately connected, all through her short seventeen autumns. When but a child, this holy man had rescued her from the fierce Mohicans, who had mercilessly slain her parents and were about to carry her off. He then brought her from those distant forests to this Southern California and trusted her to the care of the most worthy family in his parish. Since she was old enough to understand, he had taught her about the Creator, controlled her wild nature, and made her what she was — a good, true, sympathetic girl. Every one loved the beautiful Indian girl. She felt that her one mission now was to save, if possible, the precious life of her friend, the dear old gray-haired priest. " The water must soon give out, " she moaned ; " then if more is not procured, he must die. " Suddenly her face brightened, and saying a short prayer, she fell asleep. With the first rays of dawn she arose, clothed herself scantily, slipped some food into a bag, and started to search for that rare remedy, water. In her right hand she carried a willow staff which had belonged to her father, a great Indian chief, and which was covered with grotesque figures, sacred to his tribe, and carved by his own skillful fingers. " To the north, " she uttered, as she started in that direction. She remem- bered a hidden spring which she had visited with her father when a child. For twelve long years she had forg-otten it entirely, and so thought her good and powerful God had reminded her of it, so that through it the father ' s life might be saved. Her remembered spot was far away, many miles to the north, but to her anxious heart the great distance was the least of her thoughts. Would she find it ? May be it had ceased to pour out its silver, hidden stream, many years ago. The cruel sun beat down upon her, the heartless rocks cut her bare feet, the long grasses and sedges lashed her face, but steadily she pressed on. She did not hear the warning of the rattler ; she did not heed the blanching bones of her forefathers ; she did not hear the screech owl, nor the lonely bark of the coyote. She only heard herself murmur, " To the north, for water is to save the precious father ' s life. " At a few wayside shrines her rests were taken in prayer. She forgot to eat the food in her bag, for her mind was filled with a greater thought than that of bodily weakness and pain. So onward, ever onward, she took her winding course. After having traveled steadily for over six hours, her tired body demanded a rest. She sank down upon the rocks. Her beautiful black eyes closed, her staff slipped from her hand, and she fell asleep. Returning to consciousness with a startled look, she reached hurriedly for her staff, for the day was beginning to wane. Little she knew that her hidden spring lay miles away. As she grasped the willow wand she saw that it was curved and that it made almost a complete circle. Surely, she had not bended it, for she had noticed when it fell how straight and strong it looked. " The Hidden Treasure ! " she gasped ; and a mystified look crept over her upturned and pensive face. Well she remembered the story her father had told her of the Hidden Treasure. How, ages before, Mohawk, the great Indian chief, had noticed the bending of a willow bough. Realizing that this was a sign from the . ' Mmighty, the wise old Indian chief quickly dug a deep hole under the pointing willow branch. Deep into the earth he dug, until he unearthed a heap of golden coins and many valuable and precious Indian ornaments. Many had found the same when they dug where the willow pointed. It was an old and dear tradition of Wachita ' s forefathers. Wachita knelt, and with the carved willow staff, her bruised hands, and sharp rocks, she dug a deep hole in the earth. The soil became moist as she dug farther. Presently, with a cry from her, a stream of sparkling water gushed forth. Thanking her God, she cried, " A more precious treasure than that which old Winawaha found himself, for this means life to Father Vallencio. " Just then Mikausa, the San Gabriel swiftest horsemanj_ galloped by in search of Wachita, who had been missed. She hailed him and showed him her " Hidden Treasure, " as she called it. ]Mikausa filled a sheepskin full of the cold, clear water, and taking Wachita upon his steed, galloped swiftly to San Gabriel. Many trips were made to " Wachita ' s Spring, " as the settlers named it, and after Father Vallencio " s rapid recovery, the fever disappeared from the valley. Nor was the faithful Indian girl ' s mission ever forgotten. For years afterwards, as the cheery fire blazed brightly, the story of the faithful Indian girl, Wachita, was told and told again. Ida O ' Connell. What We Want to Know. Where Mr. Groshong got that ring. How often Therese goes Wade-ing. Why Mr. Denton comes to Normal. Why Bess sings " Coon ! Coon ! Coon ! " Why Mr. Leake buys his music at the People ' s Store. If Kate Kevane has gotten over the efifects of that song. Why Miss Davis goes up Fifth street on her way home. Why Mr. Anderson looks so ill-fed. Has his cook left him? Miss W. : Girls, I was nearly swamped. I ran into a " Leake. " Who did Air. Chamberlain mean when he said " the two on the back row " ? A " Bond " will be issued for " Pearl. " Lucky Jr. ' s with a " Crow " in the class. Ask Hazel Coates why she walks to the depot. Oh ! Miss White,, did you ever hear of " In the rear " ? Borrow Miss Pflager ' s penknife, but handle it with care. Who knows why Bessie Halsey planed her loom with a hatchet? Why does Anna Reynolds like to stay in Room G in the mornings ? How we envy Miss Dobbins her uncle, who attends the Normal School ! Miss Hagan: Why, Miss Gibbons, what have you done to your hair? Miss Gibbons: Why, I just put it on. A Nature Study Calendar. All that a teacher can find out about her school, in going into a new district for the first time, is the little information afforded by the school register. This is inadequate, both as to the characteristics of the pupils, and knowledge of the conditions and surroundings of the school. Various objections have been raised against any fuller record of the pupils than the class or school standing as shown by the register, but there can be no objections to a record of the environment of the school as to industries and natural peculiarities. Home geography and nature study deal almost entirely with these. The teacher ' s preparation cannot possibly anticipate all the conditions which may be found in the region where her school is situated. Whatever is done in these subjects must be at great disadvantage as to time and knowledge of local conditions. Even when one teacher has worked up interest and enthusiasm among her pupils, her successor must begin at the beginning, and may fail, because the same field has been previously covered. Her only guide as to previous work is what she can gather from the pupils themselves. The one restriction which the average teacher in the average California school district will always meet is the small allowance of time for nature study. This lack of time is often responsilDle for hurried preparation and consequent small success. Recognizing the actual conditions existing in the average school, viz.. lack of knowledge on part of teacher as to the environment of the school ; absence of all record of what has been done ; little or no time given on the program for nature study, and several grades with often many pupils in each grade, the following plan is suggested, which may be called " A Naiiire Study Calendar. " As the plan is unfolded, it will be seen that it is more than a calendar, and may meet some of the difficulties which have just been set forth. No preparation or previous knowledge of the district is needed for the teacher to begin. The work is to be done by the pupils under the guidance of the teacher, and each pupil from the B I ' s to the A 9 ' s, may have a share. The work consists of a complete geographical and natural historv sur- vey of the district, with the school-house as the center. It is a work that cannot be finished in one or two years, but may grow indefinitely. If records are carefully and accurately made and all the work done well, it will not only be of value to the school itself and those connected with it, but will be of permanent scientific value — a record that the scientist will be glad to consult. The new teacher will need only to look up the records of the previous year to know where to begin. A complete study includes the location and record of natural conditions and industries. There iiuist be prepared, first, a general map of the district showing accurately all the prominent and characteristic features, including location of farms, roads, factories, etc. For convenience, this map should be divided into sections for closer study, and if necessary, these into still smaller divi- sions. A number of duplicate maps should be made from this original map for use in making special records. The records should be in the form of date-book or calendar, with a system of classification of subjects. The following subjects to make record of during the first year are sug- gested, — weather, plants, animals, physical changes in the earth ' s surface, crops, hauling, shipping, etc. The weather records will include temperature, cloudiness, rainfall and direction of wind. The actual observations should be made systematically, selecting a particular time for making them. Any variations which seem to be unusual should I e noted. As far as possible, the practice of the United States Weather Bureau should be followed. r.y plants is meant those growing without cultivation, and include all forms, from algae to trees. During the first year only the most prominent and characteristic plants should be selected, leaving a more detailed study until later. The aim is to work out the distribution of these plants, indi- cating the character of the region where they are found as to soil, moisture, exposure, etc. They will be found in groups or societies with a few plants predominating, giving character to the group. These character plants may give place during the year to other kinds or remain the most abundant during the entire year. Special plant maps will be useful in locating these groups and indi- cating by way of summarj ' the changes which take place during the year. The records should also show the time of germination, and formation of flower and seed. Coulter ' s " Plant Studies " as reference for study of plant groups, and Mrs. Davidson ' s " California Plants in Their Hanics " for identifying plants, will be found helpful. The work just indicated should be thoroughly and carefully done, as far as it goes, and if the whole district is too large the study should be limited to the regions most accessible to the school, leaving the other regions for later study. The animal records should include all the information that may be secured of the animals of the district. For convenience, the records should follow the usual systematic classification into groups. Birds, mammals and insects will probably furnish the most material and interest. Distribution of animals over small areas is not so important as distributon of plants, but when certan animals are more abundant in one place than in another the fact should be indicated on a special animal map. The life-histories and habits of animals should furnish the main facts for record ; e. g. — when a certain kind of bird comes into the region, its haunts, time of nesting, care of young, time when young begin to fly, and when all disappear. A study of this character v.-ill be a good substitute for egg collecting, which often amounts to mere rivalry as to number of eggs obtained. Whenever collections are made, they should show as much as possible the environment of the animal, and should be accompanied by a description of when and where found : and such other brief data as may be of interest, together v ith reference to some account of the animal in books ; c. g. — an insect should be mounted on the plant where it is usually found, and, if possible, the different stages in its life-history should be shown, together with enough of the surroundings to give a fairly complete and accurate picture of its home. If any of the pupils have cameras they should be encouraged to take pictures of animals in their natural haunts. It is not likely that an} ' striking physical changes in the earth ' s surface will occur. Some small area which is not well protected from erosion should be selected and changes noted from time to time. These changes will doubtless be too slight to be noticed by ordinary observation ; therefore, measurements must be made. A small ravine will furnish an excellent place for study of surface changes and form a basis for calculation of other areas or the aggregate for the whole region. While the study of crops and other industries do not properly belong to nature study, the same plan may be used to advantage. This work will furnish material for nearly all phases of arithmetic and give life to a subject which is often uninteresting and difficult to teach. A special crop map will be useful in giving a general view of what is being done in the district. Records of the time of preparation of the ground, amount of work neces- sar - for this, time of planting, cost of seed, amount of work in planting, total expense in putting in crops, work and cost of cultivation, work of harvesting, including time and cost, delivery to market and estimate of net gain, etc., are some of the points suggested for study. A very careful studv and record should be made of some small area — say, some small farm where the owner could be induced to lend assistance. This will form a basis for making estimates of other areas. It will be seen that the environment of the school may be thus studied in a systematic w-ay, which will not only give results in themselves valuable but will furnish means and material for formal instruction in writing, spell- ing, composition and arithmetic. These subjects will become the tools for actual work, rather than mere class drill, for neatness and accuracy are necessary for any success in the proposed scheme. The records should have uniformly careful and systematic arrange- ment. They should be on paper of uniform size, which may be easily bound and put in convenient and accessible form for reference. All the work should be done by the pupils under direction of the teacher. If the pupils understand that they are making some contribution which will bear their names and which will be valuable enough for others to consult and use, it will prove an agreeable substitute for much of the ordinary school routine. It has been the aim of the writer to make some practical suggestion in the use of the school environment, rather than to present the plan in detail. It is not likely that the teacher will find it practicable to follow out all that has been outlined, but the value of some such work is obvious. B. M. D.wi.s. i Class Program. Baccalaur.nte Sermon, Suiida)-, Jan. 2C,ih Rev. Hugh K. Walkek, Immanuel Chnrch. Sr. B, Class Party Monday, Ja;i. r tli Class Day Tuesday, Jan. 28th Commencement Thursday, Jan. 31 th Sr. A, Class Party Friday, Jan. 31st Class Addresses. Burnett, May 241 Ave. 25, Los Anfjeles Christensen, Serena Anaheim, Cal. Clapp, Mattie Orosi, Cal. Cocke, Ethel Downey, Cal. Crmn, Mabel Compton, Cal. Daniels, Aimee Pasadena, Cal. Davies, Gr ace Pasadena. Cal. Dooner, Mabel 848 S. Broadway,, Los Anjjeles Emery, Lottie 2613 E. Third Street, Los Angeles Fleischner, Ethel Pasadena, Cal. Ford, Anna 406 Mozart Street, Los Angeles Gardner, Orra Orange, Cal. Goodhue, Elsie 1385 E. Fifteenth Street, Los Angeles Greene, Grace A 1447 Temple Street, Los Angeles Gunning, Mabel 1112 W. Tenth Street, Los Angeles Henderson, Jessie Kelseyville, Cal. Holway, Elsie 916 Park Vjew Avenue, Los Angeles Johnson, Mabel 2205 Brooklyn Avenue, Los Angeles Mee, Inez San Bernardino, Cal. Monroe, Emly 228 N. Olive Street, Los Angeles Murphey, Grace Prospect Park, Cal. Parker, Maude Covina, Cal. Petray, May 1610 S. Figueroa Street, Los Angeles Ouinn, Edith L El Monte, Cal. Satterlee, Louise 3 29 Dayton Avenue, Los Angeles Sheldon, Harriet Ventura, Cal. Tullis, Eva Sherman, Cal. Wolfe, Bernice 4216 Vermont Avenue, Los Angeles A Few Fetching Facts from Frivolous Folk. Owing to the repairs being made in the Gymnasium the matinee dances have -been given in the tcindergarten rooms. The first of these dances occurred on October 25th. WIe miss Nellie Sesslcr ' s spirited two-steps, but a Middle B came Gal ' pin ' to fill the vacancy. October 31, 1901. A large number of the Senior B ' s and their friends gathered in the halls and reception rooms on the evening of October 31, to meet with the powers of Hallowe ' en. Many, mysterious and vastly interesting were the messages delivered that evening, and some are still pondering over them. Pretty maiden ' s and troubled youth ' s approached the fortune-teller with trembling footsteps, each to learn delightfully pleasant things of the future. (But, by the way, they ' re not all going to be old maids.) Certain sweet youths, suspended from the chandeliers, mysteriously dis- appeared during the evening. It was very sad — (for those who did not get a bite). The fun ran high about the suspended apples, and, oh, how good a bite of apple tasted, when won with such difficulty and embarrassment. It was hard to do, but it could be Dunn. After dancing and refreshments they were all transported to the other world around the witches ' cauldron, which was presided over by the Ghost. Among those present were : Mr. and Mrs. Pierce, Mr. and Mrs. Davis, Misses Hellmuth, Dunn, Elliot, Seaman, Jacobs, Laughlin, Smith, Robinson, Parlser, M. Parlser, Miller, Pinney, Van Winkle, Rosenthal, Cobler ; Messrs. Hill, Butler, Chandler, Chase, Travis, Lipe, Dufify, Denton, S. Howland, O. Howland, Berry, and Ambrose. November 9. Mr. Chamberlain ' s class enjoyed a day at East Side Park the second Saturday in November. The day was a splendid one for outdoor pleasures. Almost all of the class were present ; also a few guests of honor. Those present were : Mr. and Mrs. Chamberlain, Mrs. Davis and daughter ; Misses Jacobs, Kemp, Adams, Bathey, Bedford, Brown, Cassels, Cockrill, George, Knowles, McCall, Marsh, Pahl, Ritchie, Ring, Sessions, Shrewsburj-, Shultz, Smith, Switzer, Ketcherside, Trj ' on and Wade. November 15. The Senior A ' s entertained informally in honor of the graduation of the Misses Ogborn, Moriss, McCallum, Swerdferger, Barry, Curry, Pann and Mr. Lawless. A song-guessing contest was the feature of the evening, after which refreshments were served. November 22. Dance in the Kindergarten. Decemher 15. A party was given by the Middle A class on Friday evening, December 15, ' 01, in the reception rooms and halls. The chief features of the evening were a candy pull and Christmas tree. The guests assembled around the tree and waited for Santa Claus, who came about nine o ' clock. He was somewl at tall for Santa, but when he told us that he had been living " in the North Pole " for some time we understood the reason for his slimness. He was certainly a very amus- ing and wise Santa Claus, and suited every one perfectly with the present he had selected. Prof. Pierce received a rooster (his preference for said fowl must have reached the North Pole). Dr. and Mrs. Shultz received a set of tin furniture, for which they seemed very grateful. Mrs. Shepard- son was the happy possessor of a nutmeg grater. Little Jennie IJagan was made glad by a set of dishes and a musical ball. There was a beautiful little parrot, with a card saying " Silence in this Hall " for Miss Dunn, but she did not come to get it. She will be sorry when she hears about it. After the tree came a candy pull and dance. Mr. Morgan and Miss Perry also added to the pleasure of the evening by songs, which were en- joyed very much. December 20. Dance in Kindergarten. pOpSP-— ■ ■ Y Sg (5 ' Q ' o Aiumni. The students of the Normal School should feel a certain interest in the Alumni. We are closely connected with those who have graduated from our school. They followed the prescribed course and gained the knowledge and experience that enables them to teach. That knowledge and experience constitutes the end for which we are working. On leaving our school we shall find ourselves thrown among our Alumni, and the sym- pathy that exists between members of one class will be excited between these friends and us. The Alumni should have an interest in the school, for was it not their home for four years? To stimulate and perpetuate such interest we have renewed t he old custom of reserving space to be devoted to the Alumni. If your name does not appear in these pages, it is not an intentional slight. Alumni Notes. Ventura County has proved to be a wide field for new teachers. Miss Jessie Lewis is supervisor of drawing in the Ventura schools. Other mem- bers teaching in Ventura County are the Misses Grace H. Farnsworth, Mabel Morton, Carmelita Troconiz, Adelaide Jones, Bonnie Green, Anna Griffith, Helen W. Bushnell, E. Browning Harlan, Lulu Hull, and Lizzie Gregory. The Normal School is well represented in other counties of Southern California. Helen Mathewson and Melvin Lorbeer are in Glendale. Madge Stephens and Amy Chappelow are in the Los Felis school. We announce the engagement of Mr. Melvin Lorbeer and Miss Amy Chappelow. Antoinette Ganahl is at Dominguez, near Long Beach. Guy Duck- worth is principal at Bolsa, Orange County. Mr. Brubaker is principal of a school in Santa Barbara. Miss Mabel Moody is at Westminster, Orange County. Helen Stafford is in Claremont. Mr. Neel is principal of the Llewellyn school. Graduates have found an opening in Honolulu, and in the Philippines. Among those who have gone to Honolulu are the Misses Barnes, and Mr. Reavis. Among those who are in the Philippines are Miss Amis, Miss Keyes, Mr. Blaisdell, Mr. Weise, and Mr. Neeley. We read in the newspapers of the heroism displayed by Mr. Boehnckc and Miss Segerstrom when a conflagration threatened their school at Ca- huenga, on the night of their Xmas exercises. Maude Weaver teaches the first four grades in a school near Redondo. Grace Woodin has a school near her home. Miss Leah Darcy is teaching in a kindergarten in Tucson, and spends her afternoons at the University of Arizona. We were glad to see so many familiar faces in our halls during Institute week. Miss Shubert is in Temecula, Miss Eva Ogborn is teaching in Orange County, and Miss Pann has gone to an Arizona school. Mr. lawless is recuperating at his home in Visalia. Mabel Dooner. ATHLETICS. Owing to repairs being made upon what used to be our g)-mnasium, Miss Jacobs has conducted her classes in the halls, unoccupied recitation rooms, the playground and tennis court ; in fact, in almost any — place. But there is a good tirrie coming; there will be no disadvantage in getting used to new apparatus, for the State has a violent fit of economy, and it will be the same old story, only two stories higher. Lack of exercise, or possibly too much of it, is the only way we can account for the attenuated appearance of these figures. Scarcity -of boys in the Sr. A class has robbed us of the enthusiasm we might otherwise feel for football and kindred games. If we had enough boys to make a team we should doubtless challenge the Michigan team and retrieve the credit of California. But alas ! ! ! trai n I ni- Young Women ' s Christian Association. The Young Women ' s Christian Association has had an especially pros- perous season. The Fall reception to new students was held Thursday, September 12. An entertaining program was given,, after which a roll-call of states showed California to have the largest representation — sixty. The Southern California convention of Y. W,. C. A. was held October 18-29. Much enthusiasm was gained from the speakers and workers from other schools. A " Capitola spread " and reception were especially enjoyed. About sixty girls accepted the invitation of Miss Widney to spend the afternoon of November 2 at her home. The rooms were prettily decorated with ferns, sniilax, chrysanthemums and ivy. Refreshments were served. The first devotional meeting of the year was led by Miss Alice Jacobs of Chicago. Miss Mabel K. Stafford, the Coast secretary, also led a meet- ing. She gave the committees many helpful suggestions about their work. Mrs. Jas. H. Hill, chairman of the state committee of Y. W. C. A., visited us the last meeting in December. Noon prayer meetings were held daily during the week of prayer. Among our many blessings we count our room among the first. Many have found it a resting place from the busy cares of other rooms. It fills a long-felt want, and we often wonder how we ever got along without it. Senior A Personals. Miss Wolfe basks in the bright son Ra ' . Miss Wolfe is well posted on Curren(t) events. What does it mean to be " built on the hand-organ plan? " We hear Miss Sheldon has a friend who is quite en-Ticin. Isn ' t Harriet lucky to have a brother who is a school trustee? Ask Nellie Whalen what the B I ' s thought about Santa Claus ' back. Fifth Grade Girl: " Oh, you just ought to see Miss Dooner look at Willie ! " The favorite exclamation of the Eighth graders seems to be, " Dear Me(e). " The color of the Exponent cover is due to Miss Greene. She would have it so. Miss Greene ' performance on scales without a doubt showed much prac- tice in minors. We wonder where Aliss Tullis got that big bunch of mistletoe, and whence did it disappear? We are all anxious to see those new clothes that Maude Cleo Parker had made during vacation. Miss Finch failed to appear the morning she was to read from the platform. We wonder why 1 Anyone wishing to know the best method of developing the mixed verb, apply to Grace Murphey. If you want to see an expression of perfect happiness on Miss Cocke ' s face, just ask her if she is teaching sloyd. First Grade Elsie : " Oh, Miss Johnson, you ' ve got more freckles on your face than I have! " Did she count them? We have reason to suspect that Miss Petray and Miss Crum do not in- tend teaching long enough to get a normal document. If you hear some one saying, " I just worship the ground Mrs. Preston walks on, " look out for Miss Clapp or Miss Henderson. " Johnnie " acts as pianist at the Senior A class party — after being hauled out from under the kitchen table, where she is peacefully ( ?) sipping cocoa. Did you ever see Edith Qiiinn and Daisy Morris dance a cake-walk? If not, you ' ve missed something. Our hats have remained peacefully in " any old " dressing room lately. I wonder why the surveillance has been removed. Effect of teaching " temperance physiology in the grades. " Miss Sat- terlee at an early age became convinced that alcohol was " hot stuff. " We feel sure that the lack of material in the Literary department of the Exponent is due to Miss Henderson ' s habit of relying on Mr. Lawless for assistance. What young lady of the Senior A class boasts a " sweet disposition? " Miss Gunning, did you say? If you lack the " dramatic element, " go home and practice before the glass until you get it. for it is even more essential than the " triple basis. " By the way, what is the " dramatic element? " In the School Law class Miss Monroe startled us with the information that the estates of " diseased " persons were sometimes added to the permanent fund. She did not tell us which diseases rendered the estates of the victims liable to confiscation. We have reliable information to the effect that both Miss Ford and Miss Burnett are to be married before June. Miss Ford has been heard to say that she thinks Lamanda would be the nicest place in the world to live ; Miss Burnett seems to be inclined to think the same of Temescal. Much speculation was indulged in during the past term when a " spank- ing team " called and bore away one of our popular teachers, but it really didn ' t mean anything more serious than the selection of a bran new home. Taking rings and things into consideration, it did look as though it meant more. It is too bad when there is such a dearth of boys in the school and an innocent youth is induced to accompany his sister or some other fellow ' s sister to one of our Normal receptions, that he has to be so completely and forcefully sat upon. This is not metaphor, but an actual occurrence we are sorry to relate. Miss Emery (in a grammar class) : " What is an object, Abel? " Abel : " Why it ' s something you can catch hold of and do things to. " Senior A: " What is meant by a deadly plague? " Training School Boy : " Oh, boys, I suppose. " The Southern Pacific Go. Offers to the Student the Scenic Routes of travel for which it is Noted. Talce a Post Graduate Course in Nature In the High Sierras, the Yosemite Galley, Lake Tahoe, Mt, Shasta, King ' s River Canyon and the Granite Grandeur Are Fields for Scientific Investigation, Literature and Art. " NATURE, IN ITS GRANDEUR, CAUSES MAN TO LOOK DEEP INTO HIS SOUL, WHICH RESULTING IN A COMPARISON MAKES CHARACTER, RAISES THE IDEAL AND FITS HIM THE BETTER ! FOR LIFE. " 1 I J Special Vacation Trips During the Summer. . T%ose desiring information should -write or ask any agent of the Southern Pacific Company | Questions. 1. Why is Miss Gibbons a second Lady of the Lake? 2. Why is a boy at Xormal like a needle in a haystack? 3. Why did Dr. S. part with his mustache in such cold weather? 4. Why is Miss Hagan an example of perpetual motion? Has Mr. List struck any more blank spots? Why does Mr. Chamberlin hurry ( ?) off the platform mornings? Miss Hagan. do invite him to stay to chorus. Did you notice Miss Finney ' s sweet smile the week before Xmas? " Miere are Johnny ' s curls gone? " " Come, come if you have an idea, give it to us, and I ' ll try to break it tenderly. " Who feels big in H. P.? Ask Carl how he likes his adopted sister. Ask Mr. Shephardson if his concept of a chair is for one or two. Miss Perry bemoans the fact that " we are nothing but a class of girls — that is why we can ' t have parties in the afternoon. " Why can ' t liss Hillis sing sometimes? " I am tired, " " Lawraine isn ' t here to hold my hand. " What is a vacuum ? The interior of the heads of the Mid. A ' s during History class — according to Miss Dunn ' s theory. Mr. Hutton : Miss Kane, what is your answer to this problem ? Miss Kane : I have several answers. For proper phrasing of the last verse of Swanee River, consult Miss Douglass. " One little Hutt, " etc. Why don ' t people apply their phonics to Miss Binders? Vaseline is good for the hair, Moses. Ask Miss Dora Shultz why she was left out in the elevator at the City Hall. HAVE YOU A HOME TO BUY OR SELL ? We devote oar entire time and attention to residence property, and by so doing, ive have a large list of beautiful dnvellings in different parts of the city to offer you. In case you own a vacant lot and cannot spare the cash to build, ' we tvill build for you, and you can pay for samz in monthly in- stallments, or ive Tvill arrange terms to suit you. If you ivant to sell list ivith us at once, as by our extensive and attractive advertising, ' we have a constant demand for good residence property. ■ J ' J ' J-J ' J ' J-. Cf J ' J ' . A. T. Jergins Co., Real Estate and Insurance, TeU John 7231. 337 Do-jglas Building, Cor. Third and Spring Sts. Los Angeles. IN SELECTING AN OPTICIAN One sho uld patronize an eiclusi ' he Optician. We ' ve devoted a life to the scientific study of the eyes and the making of glasses. If Vie had given our time to other things vie could not have attained our effi- ciency in this special v ork. J- J- J- 133 S9 SPRHMGST C. M. Staub Shoe Company FASHIONABLE FOOTWEAR ♦ FOR -f FASTIDIOUS PEOPLE 255 South Broadway Tel. Red 3441 Los Angeles STEPHEN V. CHILDS T E I- . GREEN 16 JULIUS S. HANSEN CHILDS St HKNSBN Assayers and Analytical Chemists 127 West First Street Los Angeles. California Specialiie.i : . ' y miilu and Mill Tt. ' ;.i6. Refereoces : Farmerei ami MeroliautB baak, Lo» Angeles. I ' I- AiialysiM Ujiipirus. Jutmonebberg RL ' tlactiun Workn, JohanDt-sbprg, t ' al. Teacher: " What are the people of Greece called? " Pupil : " Greasers. " Miss Hag-an: Is this the Jr. A I ' s or IPs? ] Iiss McCall : It is both, because the sections have been consolidated. In Drawing Methods : Miss Gunning — " I feel sure that I could get better results if I hadn ' t such a large class. " Miss Laughlin — " How many are there in your class ? " Miss Gunning — " Eleven. " Miss Laughlin — " Well, vou had better look out for a school of one. " Grimes-Stassforth Stationery Company COMMERCIAL AND . . . SOCIETY STATIONERY Blank Books Qff Furniture Engraving an d Printing 306 South Spring St., Los Angeles, Cat. n INyFflQTURINQ RETAILER w. L cgnniNQ ' 5 - HIQH QR lbE rOOTWE IK FOUTH AMD BROADWAY LOS flNQELES. QflL. It pays to own a Weber Piano THE MUSICAL STANDARD OF THE WORLD IT PA YS ° " 3 " pom the BIG HOUSE. Terms just as e sy and _= = = prices loiver than any other place in CaliformaJ J ' J Jit. ' i FACTORY TO THE PEOPLE — IS THE WAY TO BUY GOODS BARTLETT HUSIC CO., " Sta ' l " ' ' 235 S. Broadway, 0pp. City Hall, Los Angeles The Juniors. Well, our class party went off fine. Say, wasn ' t it fun taking the pro- ile shadows? The refreshment committee must have thought it was warm weather to get so much ice-cream. Eight gallons, and cold as Greenland didn ' t go very well. Did you see that model lesson in music given by a critic teacher ? Per- haps it is well during cold weather to save time by taking music and calis- thenics together, but we would advise a " lighter air " than " O Holy Night. " Bright Student : Oh ! what are you doing ? Miss Greene : Embroidering a picture frame. Bright Student : Oh ! do they teach that in the cooking school here ? We wonder why the Middle B High School Section didn ' t care to be represented in our paper. Were they afraid we would mention their great fondness for " all-day suckers, " or were they afraid we would interview their one precious boy — Mr. Switzer? t ' ' ' FINE C0NrECTl0N5 HOT t COLD DRINK5 5UFERI0R KE CREflH ICE5 233 South Spring St. Telephone Main 328 Los Angeles CARL ENTENMANN MANUFACTURING JEWELER AND WATCHMAKER Diamond Setter and Engraver Dealer in Diamonds and Precious Stones. Gold and Silver Jewelry designed, made to order and repaired. De- signer and manufacturer of Society Badges, School Pins, etc. Selected stock of Diamonds, Brooches, Rings and Mountings. Also a fine line of best Gold Filled Ladies ' and Gent ' s Watches. Expert Watch Repairing Unreserved Guarantee MAKER OF NORMAL ilsfhnW) PINS FOR ALL CLASSES ALUMNI PINS l ii ' HJi ' ' N STOCK FACTORY AND SALESROOM : 217 S. SPRING ST.. LOS ANGELES. GAL. UP STAIRS TELEPHONE JOHN 3661 The BrownsberAer Nome School SHORTHAND TYPEWRITING BUSINESS TRAINING A Select School for the Training of Stenograptiers of both; sexes. Every pupil tias a macliine at tiome free. Ttie only scfaool that gives Business Train- ing in connection with a Shorthand Course. Day and Evening Sessions. Send for Catalogue. 953-955 West Seventh Street, Los Angeles, Cal. ] Iillard looks quite " teachery " with his specs. The little " Fay " will " Wheel ' " -her to " Gowland. " Don ' t josh Mr. Merril about his latest ; he ' s bashful anyway. Ask Edith Robertson why she played hide-and-go-seek in the museum? Say, Miss Stone, where was Moses when the light went out? Well, it was nice that his name happened to be Moses. The Jr. A ' s have certainly had a hard time in trying to keep " some one " from running away with their only boy, Mr. B. Mr. B. in H. P. : Milton did not believe in the education of women, e.xcept gentleman sons. What kind of women are they? If you want to know how you are getting along in algebra, get your cousin to ask Mr. Dozier. He will say, " She is a happy girl, with a fine mind. " Xeither Mr. Dozier ' s class, nor Miss Hellmuth ' s class could think of " a single personal. " What slow classes they must be ! Boys, what is the matter? Is this your fault? There are some fine-looking girls in those classes. AHRENJ ISr STORE... A central location. Best service in the city First lass goods. ' We solicit your orders for Bread, Pastry and Delicacies. STUDENTS GIVE US A CALL, F. AHREN. 425 S. BROADWAY THE Shermin- Williams Co so. CAL. 0£POT 150 SOUTH MAIN STREET LOS ANGELES, GAL. ThoShcrwin- Williama Paint covers the uarch. Foreign Tours TO LANDS BEYOND THE SEA ARE NOT ENJOYED HALF AS MUCH AS A DAY SPENT AT THE SEA SHORE RESORTS ON THE LINE OF THE Jt Jt J Salt Lake Route Magnificent Mountain and Marine Views greet the eye on every side. The climate is superb. The fishing, yachting, boating, bathing, golfing, driving, — is unexcelled. No finer beaches are found than Long Beach; Catalina Island Terminal Island and Alamitos Beach They all offer good hotels and boarding places at reasonable rates. Information and Tickets may be obtained of Agents. SAN PEDRO, LOS ANGELES AND SALT LAKE RD. Qty Ticket OWce, Z37 S. Sprinj; St., Telqjhone Main 960. T. C. PECK, Aatt. Geni Pass. Agt. E. W. GILLET, Gen ' I Pa«. Agt. p ODAKS AMERAS AND PHOTO SUPPLIES DEVELOPING AND FINISHING DEWEY BROS. 326 S. Spring St. Phone Black 3891 Residence 152 1 West Twenty-second St. Telephone Green 822 B. W. DAY, M. D. IDentist Office Hours: 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. Room 127 Hellman Block, J42 South Broadway. Who is Mr. Chandler ' s friend who passes down the drive every day at noon ? For the benefit of Abbie Brown, Mr. Davis had better have his stools fastened to the floor. I What a hard time the boys did have trying to present Dr. Shults with j a " slight token of their esteem. " It is rumored that Mr. Stanley Rowland has a best girl in the Junior B class ; his brother has four or five. For bits of " colloquial expressions, " please inquire at Room M for I Miss A. S " s composition papers. Cumn ock School of Expression 301=305 BLANCHARD BUILDING Three Departments : Elocution, English, Physical Culture Full course includes Dramatic Art and Interpretation, Gesture, Analysis and Read- ing, Voice Building (as applied to the speaking voice,) Rhetoric, Literatue, Parlia- mentary Law and Debate, Physical Culture, Anatomy, Physiology and Hygiene. ADDIE MURPHY QRIQQ, Director. What did Bessie George study in Botany? I wonder if Miss Wade can get on her wheel alone yet ? Miss Fitch is very much missed by the members of Mid. B i. Mary of M. D. II : " Girls, we don ' t care anything about the boys, do we? " But she is young yet. No wonder Section I and Section II of the Mid. class are such bitter enemies! Hasn ' t Section II th e only boy in the class? Prijjht Student : " And he named his wife a word signifying umbrella. " Prof. Chamberlin : " Probably because he could not shut her up. " A reporter interviewed the young lady who was escorted to the M. A. party by J. Hall G. After close questioning, it was found that " car fare " was not mentioned. Ask the Misses Hickson and Hare how many pieces of candy they got for a nickel. . ' nd don ' t forget to ask them what Miss Dunn said when they passed the Library counting them ! NEW AND SECOND-HAND THERE CAN BE BUT ONE BEST PLACE SCHOOL BOOKS TO BUY MISCELLANEOUS BOOKS CLOTHING, HATS COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING UNDERWEAR, ETC. STATIONERY RELIGIOUS BOOKS BIBLE DEPOSITORY MULLEN Send for catalogue AND Fo ' wler Bros. BLUETT ' S 221 ' ' JTEST SECOND SlKhHT FIRST and SPRING STS LOS ANGRI.RS IS THE PLACE Founded in 1884 Our gr duAies get good positions and hold them ™ Woodbury Business College onMis may follow W E.STIQATE-It ' will cost you nothing to do so and it may cost you much regret if you do not. Five Departments— large faculty of the most able instructors obtainable. Apply for Catalog. N. G. FELKER, Pres. W.J. KENNARD, Vice-Pres. F. M. FULSTONE, Secfy. Day and evening sessions. 226 S. Spring Street, Los Angeles, Cal. ' r ' | ' T ' Search the city for your supplies and finally buy What you DON ' T WANT, but go directly across the street and get wbat you DO WANT immediately at 623 West Fifth St. NORMAL BOOK STORE Did you notice whom Luke Gallup took to the Y. M. C. A. musicale? To whom does Miss Travis sing " The Barefoot iloy " with such em- phasis ? The Middle B is have nine boys in a class of twenty-seven. How ' s that for Normal? It is reported that Mr. Morgan is making a hit with the girls in the new High School classes. Miss Chandler and Miss Cole keep the Mid. B I ' s record book care- fully spotted with A " s and T ' s. Mr. Hutt always has some wild and woolly supposition to spring on Miss Brousseau ' s psychology class. Behold now how Mr. Arthur Merril sporteth a " best girl and wasteth many precious hours after school sitting around in Room Vi and talking to her. KODAKS PHOTO SUPPLIES DEVELOPING AND PRINTING HOWLAND CO. 213 South Broadway. Telephone Main 211 RGflondo Floral Go. J J acres of the famous Carnations are in bloom ttie year round at Redondo. We guarantee courteous treatment and prompt and intelligent handling of all orders. 246 S. Spring Street, Telephone Main 1031 Los Angeles, Cal. CITY STEAM CARPET CLEANING WORKS Phone Main ii ' i Laying!. Bxrcii-rius flni R ' -FiTtine Carppte. Filr- nitare PHckiiig, Rcpairiuf and UpUolsteriuf-. OFFICE, 456 SOUTH BROADWAY A BARREL OF MONEY TO LOAN ON ALL FIRST-CLASS SECURITY LadieB can draw one per cent, a mnnlh on monpy loaned throujjh thi otEce. Real Estate For Sale S. P. Creasinger 2J8 S. Broadway Los Ang;eles NILES PEASE FURNITURE COMPANY WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN FURNITURE, CARPETS, OIL CLOTHS, LINOLEUMS WINDOW SHADES AND DRAPERIES 439-441-443 S. SPRING ST. TELEPHONE 338 LOS ANGELES Telephone Main 568 Ingleside Floral Co F. EDWARD GRAY Proprietor Artistic Arrangement of Flo ' wers 140 SOUTH SPRING STREET LOS ANGELES CORRECT JEWELRY OnrB 18 a Modern-Up-to-Date Jew- elry etore — not the biggest or the oldest— but the beat in town— our jewelry ie styl ' isb and correct; reliable. Come Hoe our diaplays ' Luckenback Co. 141 S. Spring St. JONES BOOK STORE 226-228 West First Street Los Angeles NEW AND SECOND-HAND SCHOOL BOOKS Stationery and School Supplies School Books Bought Adelia Adams : For goodness ' sake, whose horribly big gymnasium shoes are those? Miss Jacobs (who was standing by) : They are mine, and you may put them in my Httle office. M. A. II : " What is the matter with Dr. S. ? He seems to be looking for something? " M. A. I (who is on) : " It ' s his lead pencil. Don ' t you see it in his hand? " Emphatic M. A. (after receiving marks) : " Well, I think this school is the most unfair place I ever heard of, " etc. Dr. S. (just before the awful day) : " That ' s right, that ' s right. " We never would have believed it if we had not heard it, but we give you our word that Elsie G. really said that she " didn ' t care a rip what she graduated in. " Mr. Von N. recently gave his class a lecture on " Manual Punishment, " or that which is given " by hand. " We recommend a course in synonyms under Miss Seaman for Mr. Von N. JACOBY BROS. Always Show the Most Popular StyleB in LADIES ' SUITS CLOAKS, SKIRTS AND WAISTS " The Highest Grades at Popular Prices " is our motto. Inspection always welcome. YOUNG MEN ' S NOBBY SUITS Sizes that grade from 14 to 19 years — young men ' s sizes; sizes that will include many smaller-sized men — and enable them to save $3.00 to $7.00 on their suit ; because the same styles that sell for $7.50 to $12.50 would be $10.00 to $18.00 in regular sizes for men. LONDON CLOTHING COMPANY HARRIS FRANK, PROPS. 1 17-:1 19-121-125 N. SPRING ST. ROYNTON NORMAL HAS PREPARED 700 TEACHERS For the County Examinations. Many of them are now employed at $500 to !f2ooo. The demand for good teachers was never better. Write 525 STIMSON BLOCK 1250 TEACHERS 5 ' ; ' ' ; ° _ _. located in California, many in adja- cent States, by BOYNTON ESTERLY, MANAGERS FISK TEACHERS ' ACENCV : LOS ANGELES SAN FRANCISCO ' is ' Ci ' :: KiT«ti Santa fe ¥CKT nO IMllMQ At 8.30 from La Grande Station, the Train leaves for the trip Over the The most characteristic Scenes in the shortest Time. See Southern California in a day SflNT J FE J. W. BRAND Si ns PICTORIAL PAINTINO Telephone James 62 Of Every Description 408 South Spring St. Los Angeles, Cal. A, L, MOJONIER Portraits 326 South Broadway Los Angeles MISS GOODIN FLORIST 440 SOUTH BROADWAY TELEPHONE JAMES 9311 RrSlDENCE TELEPHONE WHITE 8141 ;v m::! : ■rnxm sM A 000 641 184 7 UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES LIBRARY UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES « « It « It K » o¥o5 Sublime Scene on Earth A mile deep; 12 miles ' )t)ide; 217 miles long, and painted like a floiuer. Greatest rift in earth ' s crust. The great round Iforld has nothing like it. Aivesome grandeur defying the efforts of poet and painter. Absolutely beyond adequate description. Ask for illustrated booklet. SANTA FE GRAND CANYON OF ARIZONA » OLDEST— LARGEST— STRONGEST ? MUSK tioysf IN itiE soyinwfST 1875 1902 That which gives the Weber Piano its charm, its real worth, apart from the quality- of the materials which enter into its construction and the artistic beauty of its exterior, is that Pure, Rich, Sympathetic Tone, in the possession of which it stands alone. Bartlett Music Co. 233 and 235 South Broadway WHOLESALE AND RETAIL r NEW AND SECOND-HAND SCHOOL Boons Miscellaneous Books, Copper Plate Engraving, Stationery, Religious Books and Bible Depository rOWLER BROS. 221 WEST SECOND STREET r, NILES PEffSE FURNITURE CO. U holesale and Retail Dealers in FURNITURE Window Shades, Draperies j Carpets, Oil Cloths, Linoleums 439=441=443 SOUTH SPRING STREET Telephone Main 338 :jiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiil: J I acres of the famous Carnations are in bloom tfic year round at Re- dondo. Phone y Main V ' ' .03. ( 246 SOUTH SPRING STREET Los Angeles, Cal. We guarantee courteous treatment and prompt and intellig:ent handling of all orders. niiiiiiiiiiiilllllllllllliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiR Gaiiioniia Dress Pieatioo Go. A . P. BE.MI S CO. Accordion Pleatino. Side Plealino and Pinkincj IN LATEST DESIGNS Goods Not Burnt or 3oilcd Rest VN ' urk at Lowest Prices. PLEATINO DONE WHILE YOU WAIT 313 ' S. Sorino Street Los flnoeles. Gal. PMOVR JAME 70.1I hort Cut First-class preparation for County Examination for Teachers ' Certificates. Call for Particulars. BOYNTOM IMORMAL, 525 Stimson Block VACANCIES for teachers in Arizona, Nevada and California every = month in the year. State Normal graduates preferred. Call or write soon. FISK TEACHERS ' AGENC Y. 525 Stimson BIk. A MOVING PRICE Movintf prices prices that are comparatively low— is what sell our groods. to- day that we boufrht yesterday. It ' s kept moving us to the front and still we ' re movinjf. We would be pleased, and we think we can please you. if you d see our jfoods before making any purchases. :::::: TENTS GUNS HAMMOCKS AMMUNITION GOLF GOODS OUTING BOOTS TENNIS BICYCLES BASEBALL FISHING TACKLE SPORTING GOODS ATHLETIC GOODS Uniforms, Khaki and Uuck Suits to order at Factory Prices. We ' ll give you quality, quantity and the lowest prices at alt times. WM. H. HOEGEi: CO. 138-14-2 S. Main St. LOS ANGELES, CAL. Telephone Private Exchange 7 .VVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVVV =JONES ' BOOK STORE 226 and 228 W. First St., Los Angeles SCHOOL SUPPLIES SCHOOL BOOKS BOUGHT PRESENTATION BOOKS FINE STATIONERY J See Jones Special $L00 Gold Fountain Pen Guaranteed ivvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv-vvvvvvvvvvw STATE NORxMAL SCHOOL — MAIN BUILDING ' 5 8 27 U5 STATK NORMAL SCHOOL — AX N EX ir dLb DK. EDWARIl T. I ' lERCE MRS. EDWARD T. PIERCE Our Facxilty NORMAL DEPARTMENT RnwAKi) T. PiKKCK, L,L,.B., Pi . D., President, School Economy. Isabel W. Pikkch, Preceptress, English. Chari.k.s E. Hutton, A.m., Registrar, Mathematics. Jambs H. Shultz, A.M., M.D., Physics and Physiology. James F. Chambkki.ain, Geography and Physics. Sarah J. Jacob.s. Director of Physical Training. Kate Broussrau, Psj ' chology and Mathematics. Agnes Eluott, History and (Jeography. Ghokc.k F. JAMK.S, A.m. Ph.D., Professor or Psychology and Pedagogy, and Supervisor of Training School. Sakah p. Monks, A. M., Curator of Museum Zoology and Botany. Josephine E. Seaman. English. Everett Shkparuson, A. M.. Psychology and Pedagogy. Charles M. Miller, Sloyd. Marv M. Smith, Drawing and Sloyd. Mary G. Barnum, B.L., English. Melville Dozikr. P.B., Vice-President, Mathematics and Bookkeeping. Harriet E. Dunn, Librarian, History. Mav a. English, Chemistry. Ada M. Laughlin, Drawing. Charles Dos Von Nkimavkk. Reading. B. M. Davis, M.S. Biology and Physiology. Jennie Hagan. Music. Lou Hellmith, Ph.B.,M.L., English. Jessica C. Hazard, Domestic Science and Domestic Art. Lucy J. Anderson, Domestic Science and Reading. Miss Helen Mackenzie. niNDERGARTEN TRAINING DEPARTMENT Florence Lawson, Director Ckrtkidb Lawson, Assistant TRAINING SCHOOL CRITIC TEACHERS Frances H. Bvram. City Principal. Carrie Reeves. Albertina Smith. Clara M. Preston. aakr tl ts. nitr humble ftrMratimt, Wc kunhi ' tluill mrrt your atimtrattuu: if in tilts, as ' tis, luas mraut for gnu. (Our ulmi brlnbr ' " Caiiy £u. " iC. (6. Normal Colors : Purple and Gold Class Colors : Violet and White Normal Yells Kemo, kimo, waro. wah, Sollego. wallego, wah. who. wah. L A Normal. Wow : : : Hinga langa how. china langa chow L A Normal Bow, wow. wow ! I ! Class Yell Zip : ha I ha I Zip! ha : ha ' Class of 02 Rah : Rah ' . Rah ! B. M. Davis James H. Shultz Lon Helmuth Mary G. Barnum Sarah J. Jacobs Charles M. Miller Albertina Smith Georsre F. James Everett Shepardson TKe Tea -GoAvn. A j ' lady has a ica-goii H Yet our home is all the brighter Thai is wondrous air lo see — For that dainty, sentient thing is flounced and ruffed and plaited and puffed That floats away where it properly m,i As a tea-gown ought to be ; And clings ichere it ought to cling ; And I thought she must be Jesting And I count myself the luckiest Last night at supper ichen Of all us married men. She remarked by chance, that it came from France, That I have a wife -whose Joy in life And had cost but two pounds ten. Is a gown at tiuo pounds ten ! Had she told nic fifty shillings, It isn t the goivn that compels me 1 might (and wouldn ' t you ) Condone this venial sin — Haze referred to that dress in a way folks express fs the pretty face above the lace ] ' (in eloquent dash or tico ; And the gentle heart within. But the guilefut little creature And ' with her arms about me KneiL ' ice II her tactics when I say, and say again. She casually said that that dream in red " ' T ' was wondrous cheap " — and I think a heap Had cost but two pounds ten. Of that gown at t ' wo pounds ten ! -EIGESE FIELD. Sarah P. Mimks Kate liiuu .- eau Jessica C. Hazard Ll.ii a M. Preston Harriet E. Dunn Josephine E. Seaman Fiancrs U. !_; lam Ada M . Laufi-hlin May A. English and Son FACULTY NC 7 Modern Olympus Elders arc they, the wise ones wliu mete out wisilom ami justice to all the aspirins in " the Mouse of the Hi.ijher I ' lane. " A momentous occasion is this, an assemhiy in circle to deal with questions of Justice, of History. Science. Literature or Art. Soherly and sedately come they into the niajjic circle. Uiiih in the chair of office sits he who is their fountain-head. Then closed is the ])ortal of the chamber of justice, and silence reigns. When, lo! a tragic voice holds forth: " I main- tain — aye. demand the right, the inviolable right — to sit by the door and answer the " phone! " and with majestic stride the Prince of Declamation crosseth the chamlier and taketh his stand. Now the charm of silence is dis])elled and here cometh the jollity of the facul(tea). It is ushered in by the mistresses of the culinary domain. One bringeth the cauldron deep with the .mystic beverage and one bringeth water and lemon rind and sweet-meats to boot. Then all unwittingly runs a thrill of expectant delight through the circle, even to him termed " The .All-Wise. " Yet it is he who sayeth : " I |uestion very much the pedagogical value of tea. " " .Mas, it is fatal to the !i(|uid sweetness of human song, " sighs the Queen of Song, she who ruleth with magic wand the multitudes in assembl " I fain must be content with water and a lemon rind: all for the glory of the good cause! " . n l her judgment is last- ing. " Aha. verily, it is so! " cries a deep voice. It is the patriarch of the circle Senior . . " Tea, destructive potion, thou hast wrought the evil charm ; else wherefore am I called lould lead the multitudes in to do migiity .Assembly ? " Deep grow he congregation of the just. Heavy hangs t. in aspiring one of the circle Senior A. Sho, 1, as discussion rages, stand they — youngest of the wise quecnS and the eldest of the elders. Beloved are these by all the hope of the luckless, the help of the helpless. " Beware, lest ye calumniate or suppress the rights of the least among them. " threaten these champions. Queenly and straight and tall is she. " a daughter of the gods. " ' I ' vercnd and wi.se and honored is he. a protector of the weak. ' »rilv their judgment hath weight, and many a luckless wight is saved in the hour of trial. Ever and anon arises dee]) dispute in the meetings of the circle. " This sage of the chambered Xautilus. " sayeth the fair lady whose domain is poesy and composition : " this saga which we fain would put upon the circle of the middle D. it is in the highest sense literature. " " Nay: not so. " cries the wise champion of the treasure cave Museum. " This saga dealeth with science, dealcth with the animal nautilus, how it .groweth and why! " " . ye: but this same saga riseth alwve the jirofessional common])lace uses and carryeth the soul on a tbght. power-giving, inspiring, elevating. " " But the life of the animal itself, shall it count for naught? " cries he of the circle who is best versed in menagerie and atiuarium. Then up- riseth the voice of the one who is of the wiseth among the wise. The seaman of the circle is she. their pilot who steereth Helen Mackenzie Carrie Reeves Melville Dozier Jennie Hagan Lucy .1. Anderson Charles E, Hutton James F. Chamberlain Asrnes Elliott Charles Don Vou Neumayer tlirou,t:;Ii tlif dupihs of tccliiiicaliiy and i w narrows of Gram- mar, to the shores of the land of Inspiration. " Why stay ye to Iiajjjjle (wer points of minor moment ? Verily, ye are but children of a larjjer growth ! " Now loud riseth the voice of contention. Clamor reigncth supreme, when, 1(1. a soothinjj voice, " passing sweet, " hreaketh upon them: " Peace, he still, ye foolish ones, would ye crush the lilies of peace that blossom in the higher plane? Let the magic Ijeverage once more be passed among ye. " Straightway silence fallelh upon the circle, for beloved and honored is she. their cpieen. The magic potion refilleth each cup and harmony is restored. Silence holdeth full sway. Then shar]) upon the circle falleth the faint echo of cries and confusion, as the y ' Iling of many voices. Hark, their voice hath broke forth ai ain : the clamor increaseth — yea it ariscth in the outer hall! Alas, ye godless ones T am un(Dunn). Then forth strideth she who ruleth with a rod of iron, yet full justly ; strideth past the Prince of Declamation to the portal of the outer hall. Then, lo ! it passeth that peace is without! N ' crily, silence is golden. " Pray, deal thou gently, sister, with the effervescent sjiirit of youth, " pleadeth the gentle idol of the athletes. " ' Tis but the shout of victory wherewith the aspiring fain would swell the breeze when the brave among them go forth to compete for .glory on the field. " " Aye, let it pass, " speakcth one who worketh ever with the needy and who giveth of her time to all. Learned is she in the annals of history, wise in the lore of the ancients, withal fond of the sports of Diana. She wicldctli the gun with dex- terity amazing. Yet fain would be kept from the circle the secret of her death-dealing power. Tn the realm of Art hold forth two goodly ladies of the land. Yet little discussion have they for the circle. One hath schemes for brewing savory confections ever in mind; the ideal ruling of the Japanese luission ; and aye. verily, the rearing of a heathen Chinese. And one hath planned, ere many moons, to wing her flight to distant lands and larger circles. F.ver a vision of a " blarney-stone. " devoid of the genus microbe, lloateth in her mind in the Isle of l ' in. and ever a vision of a seat next the tlirone of King Edward in the land of the Saxons. Many wise ones have held forth in speech and some have llmught thoughts in silence, rapi)e(l in such silence sits a fair one of the wise. ' erseil is she in psychology and wheel lure, even to compare with the patriarch of circle Senior . . yet silence controUeth her. But not on deaf ears fall the truths escaping the lips of the sages. Forth to the world they shall be given embodied in " A Thesis on the Question of Color. " Pondering afar in a corner sitteth another whom thought in consuming. A dream, panoramic of hand-carved desk and settee and 4al le and chair, passeth swift before his vision. Wrily. strange things shall be wrought by the hand of the skilled in the domain of sloyd. Xow. once more, rageth discussion among them. " .MI knowledge centereth on man and the life of the sphere wliereon he abideth, " speakcth the deep voice of the Chamberlain of the Court Hall. " Xay. train thy mind to avoid glittering L ' eneralities. " cryeth the voice of one skilled in the mystic I ' lack . rt. " Thou speakcth well. " thundereth the voice of the fountain-head. Then loud ensues discussion, and clamorous riseth the voice of contention. When lo. clear and distinct hreaketh upon them the silvery bell ! " The hour hath struck — peace. let us arise and depart in good cheer. " quoth he among the elders who provideth parched jokes in rainy season and drv. " It is well : make haste " — -and the " mother " of infant cherubs made so violent assent that the flaming peony fain must de- scend to the ground from her raven locks. " Yes. Yes : that ' s right. " quoth the medicine man of the circle, for his fair spouse awaiteth her wanderer home. Then, buryintr strife in brotherly love up rose one and all of the circle, departing each to his domain. " . nd silence, like a blessed poultice, came to heal the wounds of sound. " Kate Kbvanb. CLASS ..HIM.. Enthuse, O Muse! Amuse ! Amaze ' Arise and sing A song of praise, To our dear boys. A classic nyinn A noble rhyme, A sweet rote song In double time ' Our Senior boys ! Now count them all. Triumphant score ; Loud swell the strain And cheer some more. Nine precious boys I Our blessings, count Them one by one : For we have nine And some have none. Rah : Rah ! the boys I —A Girl. H EVENTS OF GRADUATION WEEK Saturday. June 7th— Miss Kellogg ' s Reception, at her residence in Pasadena. Friday. June 13th — Reception by President and Mrs. Pierce to Senior A Class. Saturday. June 21st — Trip to Mt. Lowe. Sunday. June 22d — Baccalaureate Sermon. Monday. June 23d — Senior B Reception to Senior A. Tuesday. June 24th — Glass Day. Wednesday. June 25th — Senior A Banquet. Thursday. June 26th — Commencement. Friday June 27th — Senior A Class Party. Society Calendar February 14. Middle A Valentine party in Gymnasium. February 20. Junior Kgn. Glass entertained their Sen- iors at a spread. February 28. Senior B 11 s entertained at home of Miss White. March 6. An event of great moment to girls at school — a new boy joined. Mr. Ewing. Middle C. March 27- Illustrations of rhythmic work by Sen- ior Kgn. Glass. It is the only thing of the kind ever given here and was much enjoyed by all. March 29. Sr. B Picnic at Elysian Park. April 4. Middle G Patriotic party in Gymnasium. April 11. Senior Spreads. During the noon hour each group of Seniors gave a spread in honor of its respective teachers. They were in the nature of farewells, as the end of the first ten weeks had come. April 19. Miss Seaman entertained the Junior A ' s. April 25. Middle D Book party in Gymnasium. May 7. Miss Laughlin entertained the Middle A I ' s at her home in Ocean Park. The long car ride and the picnic lunch gave many oppor- tunities for jollity. May 17. Field-day! In the evening the Normal boys entertained the visitors at a dance. The Gymnasium and Student ' s Hail were decorated in purple and yellow. May 22. Junior A dance in Gymnasium. An unusual item concerning this party must be men- tioned. There was little attempted in the way of decoration. In consequence, no one was tired out. but all were good tempered and ready for a pleasant evening. The result ? Why. the boys voted it the best since the Junior party of the present Middle A " s. May 29. Miss Jacobs entertained the S. N. S. Athletic Association and their young lady friends at her home. The occasion was a very enjoy- able one. Harkcn unto me ye dwellers of Los An- geles. It is no small matter of which I speak, for T do hold forth the glorious rec- ord of the Class of ' 02. When we first came to Normal, the school was very in- significant. The State .soon discovered tliat it must provide for quality as well as (juantity. so pavilion after liall was « lded. However, the point that I wished to impress upon my in- telligent readers is that our class is decidedly extraordinary. Of course it is necessary to ])rove this hy " concrete examples. " After very careful consultation with parents, it is discov- ere l that when merj infants there were present symptoms of tne " greatness horn within us. " ( )nc fair infanta ta.xed p.sychologist and doctor until finally it was deci| hered that the hurdcn of her wail was " Xormal. " . nolher. forsooth, followed a dictionary at the age of six mimth ' . tw weeks, three and one-half days. Let us come to the immediate present. In cooking much originality manifested itself. One of our numlRT proved to the satisfaction of all that raw eggs may be put through a sieve. Many discovered that caramel sauce, when j)repared hv a wonderful process, will become like a rock — " hard .sauce. ' ' The ])roduct mav then be handed down to coming genera- tions. . nother iii.staiKc W iiiii ■iriliiiar mortals have taken ' a course at our .school, their beads are crammed tn the fullest cai)acity. do not succumb to cramming. One of our stars remarked when called on in M. V. that he had " blank sjxjts " in his head, dreat was the delight of each one at such a Safiiu Lyon LuUe Gallui frank statcincnt of his own condition. ' e, after a full course of fact and theory, often wonder when we shall realize our cajiabilities. Once upon a time was it su;:;gested liy one hi. h in author- ity that we spend more time in reflection. Xo later than the next day did we put this into practice. Instead of wasting our time in answering roll call, we were studiously reflecting. Some best thinkers actually fell into a peculiar somnambulistic state lasting — even to fortv-five minutes. i .-ra BaU Noriiiaii Leake -Maiy Jones In common with the wise sages of anticiuity, we com- municate in rh_ me. Here is merely a typical example of our recitation. " Until the fleece was l)n ught to Greece His bod ' could not rest in peace. " Now ' , gentle reader, if I have not convinced you of the extraordinary character of our class. yOu are surely a " block head. " l)Ut if you believe, then may good fortune attend }ou forever. Philofia Hossui-i Grace Ban Mattie CaldweU Mary KuItiiieUe Lauraiue Welch TKe Quest of Na jgKty-two j0 PROLOGUK A Tragic Comedy in Four Acts Readers All: I ' ardon, at tlic outscl — l)iu ' -nif wonl of explanation. The plavwri.ijhts are aware tliat dramatic unities of time and place should in a sketch with Normal settiii j re- (|uire a feminine style as central fitjure. The defense for a hero rather than a heroine as jjrotagonist in this drama, rests upon two claims, the one literary and established, the other immediate and personal. Great and severe authoritx rests hack of the first claim. For thoush Thackeray launched a " novel without a hero, " Shakespeare always acknowledged the necessity of a hero as central character — if for nothing else than to serve as background for his Juliets, his I ' ortias and his Lady Macbeths. Neither can we altogether forget Tenny- son ' s venture in the Princess — with its results. . nd even in a Normal atmi,si)here. bare facts must give way to literary values. r.ut a .-e.-dncl and mure vital reason inliuences us here. This is a special ])lay for a .special occasion. .Vmong the many and varied distinctions of the class of 1902 this one circumstance tands pre-eminent — there is included among their number a group of nine Ixjys. Never again in the course of its history will the State Normal School of Los Angeles be called upon to graduate this class of June, n 32: never again these nine boys — perhaps never again ii iy nine hoys. . nd so it happens, gentle readers, that in deference to the nine who. even in this day of woman ' s events have made possible for the class many a glorious achievement in both ball and field, we res|)ectfidly sulmiit as the central figure of our drama a char- Mi-t.r thai answers to the pronoun " he. " Florence HolyweU Mary Biffer Madee Adams Alma Hecbt Elizabeth Groenendyke INTRODUCTORY STAGES. Ancestral condilioiis at work far, I)ack in history made the conditions of our drama possible. In the felling of for- ests, the establishment of governments, the erecting of hearth- stones, of altars and of schools, the great grandfathers and mothers, the great uncle and aunts of our hero laid the founda- Fraiices Graha Daisy Rice tion of his education. Inlhicnced by these and nurtured by whatsoever his immediate surroundings had to contribute, he applied on a September day of 1898 for admission to a certain field of activity that the world has denominated a Normal course. Before this date he had answered to many variations of his Christian name; this day in early September he takes upon himself a new dignity, and in recognition of this becomes for our purpose, Naughty-2. It is in this capacity that he brings with him various assurances ; assurances directed to the guardians of the State and vouched for by reputable citi- zens, in law, ministry, and business, to the eflfect that the bearer is considered peaceable, law-abiding, with ambitions ; assurances to the State Board of Health that he has not de- clared any serious intention of contracting contagious disease. A sudden snap — all the more memorable because the last of that genus for four long years to come — and the first crisis of this drama is reached — the Moment of First Excitation is on. Naughty-2 has entered Normal. The Rise proceeds — slowly, quickly, gayly, seriously, hope- fully. Naughty-2 essays Gym. and gives " commands " that make the old rafters grayer with displeasure. With the in- stinct of the true scientist, he launches into original ( ?) in- vestigations as to the nature of spores and mushrooms. He makes frantic reaches for the " tonic chord, " his ideal ever the " absolute. " He " contributes " sloyd. When brought to a tight place he can always depend on himself for three dates, 476, 732 and 1000 A. D. Meanwhile over and beyond a deep- Mae Van Winkle Marie Evans seated regard for all subjects in themselves, and their culture values, a vision of boyhood days lures him on ; a passion bright has entered his life that makes each day seem worthy of the effort. The fair object of his regard Nau.s:hty-2 has not yet seen — nay, he knows that no ghmpse of her will he gain till more than three years liave rolled away, and then only under conditions that seem to his Fresliman mind uncertain in the extreme. .At times, heroes departed with well-won honors from the field rejjort thai they have held converse with the family of his beloved, and that all are exceeding fair. . s the third act of the drama opens, a whole merry troop of comrades join forces with him : each and all of these have had intimate ac iuaintance with younger members, children of that family in whose midst he ever seeks one face, and again he takes heart. . nd a year and its half elapse ; the climax of this drama is at hand. , . rmed with " five formal steps, " loaded with facts and maxims, the accumulated experience of three and a half years, buoyed beyond expectation by observation of the efforts of would-be teachers in the class immediately preceding his, sure of his vowels and consonants, his articulation, his spelling; bearing with him the " unit " and " analyzed " from all stand- points, . auglny-2 enters the last lialf-yc.ir ..f 1m r.xidence with a courage born of (in) experience. The Tragic Moment has arrived. The Training School, an institution with apparently no other office in life than that of crushing young hope, takes his ballast, his wings, his all. The Xemesis of Xaughty-2 has caught up; the L ' nivcrsal over- shadows the Individual: Free Will is in the clutches of Ne- cessity. . n(l aughty-2? Concerning those days he has no very- distinct recollections. .Ml that he can ever remember of the Fall of that drama is that it was all accomplished according Ul Kcllu Etbel Fre niatl to " plan " — at least it was su|)posed to be and he was told it was ; that it went in stages — 5 ; that it was called vertical ; and that there were two aims — whose he knew not. whether those of McMurry or Comenius. Life is never all tragedy, that nf N ' aughty-2 is no excep- tion. Conciliatory forces are at work, lie gradually learns Ethel Doan Carl Barry KaU ' Kevane Vail DeiUtiii Kailieniie Patrick tliat there is a more important correlatiun than that of readint , and language, and historv, and literature, and spelling — namely, that of his own nature ; he learns to arrange the " light, " if not of the room, at least of his own hrain ; he lie- comes more " definite " in his life aims ; he learns to acquire proper " dignity " of manner; common sense conies to his rescue. Once again comes the vision of his Entrance the Rise, the Climax — the vision of those days hut with a strength- ened, a holier and purer aspect. He braces himself for the last of the three crises — the Moment of Final Suspense. It is at this memorable session that the Faculty in solemn council assembled are to decide, once for all, whether he is worthy to look upon the face of Her the Vision of His Quest, the Hope of all these years. The point is decided in his favor. There have been times in the past three years and more that the suggestion has been Therese Miller Clara Wrig-ht Edna Findley Anna Roberts Kllu ' l Davi Joiiii Sclilfk ' ?! lsiiliL-1 Sjlva MilUiril (iruNliiiDK Vlana MacbaUu cdiivcx cd to Xaiijjluy-2. coinevcd in dariiiij rjd characters that nia le the tla ' |)alo, that he lias lacked " unity, " is " vatjiie, " ■ " weak. " " awkward, " " not to the point " ; that he needs " punctu- ation. " All this is of the past now. As he stands amid his fellow-lahorers he is looked up;)n as one who has watered waste ])laces in his own mental make-up: he has rescued maidens frum the rock (of dipginfj) : he has left liis ideal in iew in all fires of discouragement — and therein has heen Artlinr. I ' erseus. Sie.ajfried in one. . nd the revered ohject of his Ouest. she who has ke])t his faci " ever toward the lifjht. to her has heen j, ' iven the beauty of Guinevere, the jjurity of . ndrome(la, the strenjjth of Mrunhildc: ujjon a rohe white as that worn hy the Lily Maid are emhroidered the true hues of the Cioldcn Fleece. She hrini s witli her a dowry of hopes, promises, ambitions. She hrinjjs responsibilities and the trenjjth of .ijlory in their |)ossession. For the brifle of Xaujjhty-2 is Diploma and with -their union tliis 26th day of luTie, ii OJ, ends the ( uest. SrECT. TOR. SENIOR A PERSONALS. Miss ( ' .. 1! 1: " She sniik-s on many just for fun. " Miss S— Iv— : Who is S_ lva? What is she? ' i ' liat all our - etc. Miss I.v — n and Miss 1) — v — s: (loud in their weisjh. Miss Y n — 11: How tiue you due! l)iu _ " u Mmu the class dues arc due? A. S — .ere: " List to the ni.i,dit inhale openinjj lier lips with melodious sonfj. " AL Adams: " Sacred and sweet was all I saw in her. " r all : " She liad railicr talk witli a man than an ang-el. any day. " Fin ly and liar — ly : " Who said Boy ' ? I fancy they- feel a hit safer If only a boy he near. " Frances: " Her vnice was ever soft, gentle and low — an excellent thinii- in wcniian. " Pin: " I ' ll away to the gym and dance my cares a va_ . " I! — ler : " Tlien he will grumble : good heaven, how he will grumljle ! L. R — son: " I ' ll give to him my sweetest smile. " C. n — ry : " A youth but just passing from childhood ' s sweet morning. " S. Moore : " True l)lue. " Gail Hicko.x SteUa Moore Jessie Anderson Bi — fer: " A maiden like the mainspring of a watch cut loose. " K. P — ck : " .-K modest little maid. " :Miss — ght: Why cast thy countenance down? Why droop thy every glance? Look up, fair maid ! Don ' t trot Away, before you have a chance. B. F. L. : " The lady doth protest too much methinks. " J. S 1 : " He draweth out the thread of his verbosiity finer than the staple of his argument. ' ' L. G f: " Impulsive, earnest, prompt to act and make her generous thought a fact. " H. H — t and Miss D — lass, ' 03 : " They stick together like the two halves of a walnut. " Miss Fr — m — n : What a fiiul ! So refined ! Miss B — ss — t: " Her moutli is a . n " in with the corners tucked in. " Bess : " Why don ' t the men propose, mama ; why don ' t the men propose? " Hill : " To fast, to study, and to sec no woman. " Butler : I am a star vaulter. Since that region 1 traversed, The heavens are called, The great starry vault. E. D — n: " Slie is good as she is fair. " I,. G p: " How hard it is to hide the sparks of nature. " De — t — n: " I would the gods had made thee poetic. " Miss E. C — y: " In the fulness of her charms. " Miss n is: " She was all conscience and tender heart. " L — St: " I ought to be hustling ads. " Welch: " Hair put up in some mild way. " Gallup: " He was ever precise in jjromisc keeping. " Mo — s: " Dcj not take my name in vain. " GRIT. " Don ' t you sympathize with trouble, Laff it thru ; Look beyond the clouds that threaten Fer th ' blue. Don ' t go grumpin ' " round and sulkin ' ; Whissel sum ; It ' ll kind o ' raise yer speerits When yer glum. When y ' fee l like sighin ' . holler . 11 yer might ; When y ' want t ' cry, try singin " , Jis fer spite. Don ' t give up b ' cause th ' world won ' t Come yer way ; Ef y ' hang on by yer eyebrows, ' T will some dav. " —Selected. • Historical SKetch of tKe State Normal ScKool at Los Angeles • The Senior A feeleth proud of his institution and seeketh to find out its history, which to be authentic must come from the proper source. Hence he chooseth one of his numlier to go straightway to the gardener, the janitor, and the elders of the facuhy to find out its beginning. First we came unto the gardener, Farnham. and lie spake and said unto us. " You better begin right with the grounds. I ' ll tell you what there was when I came here, and t hat was in ' 1)4. There was nothing. The garden was all put in since, and I did the leveling of the ground, and the laying out of it, and the propagating of the flowers. But Mr. Pierce is the one who ought to have the credit, for he worked for the improvement ; and I " ll tell you he knows just what he wants, and knows when he gets it, too. " Xext we came unto Barrie, the janitor, and he foUled his arms and smacked his lips and said, " Well, I ' ll tell }ou t know a whole lot al)out the school. I don ' t think you want me to tell you everything. The first thing of much im])ortance that I noticed after coming here was the new drawing teacher. Miss Laughlin. She found out that I could mix clay, and ever since then I ' ve had that job. She brought in new methods in drawing and clay-modeling. . nd then came Miller and started the sloyd business. You see all that part of the build- ing west of the library was put in in ' 94. Well, call around this afternoon and I ' ll tell you some more. " At length we came unto one of the elders of the faculty, Dozier, a man of great wisdom and experience. From him we obtained the following facts : They talked much about building a Normal School addi- tion to the one at San Jose, then the only one in the State. It came to pass in the year 1881 that $50,000 was appropriated for its construction. . nd so thev went upon a high hill in the southwest part of Los Angeles, where grew some orange trees, and there did build. In the year 1882 there came unto this house three learned teachers. Prof. C. J. Flatt, ' ice P ' rincipal ; Miss Emma L. Hawks, Preceptress: and Mr. J. W. Redway, all under Prof. Chas. H. Allen, then Principal of San Jose Normal. There entered in this same year si.xty-one little cherubs who heark- ened unto the wise words of these teachers. They grew won- drous wise, and sought smaller cherubs to hearken unto their words of wisdom. . s a result the Normal Training Schcxil was organized under the supervision of four more learned teachers who came unto this house — the Misses Gibson, Knapp, Desmond and I ' oyer. It came to pass in the year 1883, that Prof. Ira More, a man of ,y;reat wisdom and experience, came unto tiiis house to take the office of i ' rincipal. Durinjx tiie next few years the scliool showed rapid tjrovvth and more teachers came unio it. in tile ear 1XS4. tweiuy-two of tlie ciieriihs, wlio iiad now thrown wise and stroni:;, entered into tlie realm of tlie teacher. .Vow in tlie year i8yo, a new and stranjje thinij ha])pencd. . iLjymnasinm was o])ened in connection with our school. . ftcr ten years of valuable service, Ira Moore retired and I ' rof. Edward T. Pierce was cluisen to fill the jjlace. L ' nder his capable maiiaijeinent the school has rapidly prosfressed. .About this time the State sjave unto the school $75,000, and the biiildiiiL; ' was enlarfjed and more teachers were added to the faculty, and the yriuinds were ,q;reatly im|)roved. In the year 18( 7 a kinderj ' arten was added to the Normal School, which has Muce proved to he of jjreat educational value. Duriu- the last twn years a new department in the line Hi industrial education and domestic arts lias been ■■intro- duced. " When we look hack upon our little Normal of twenty years aj ' n with its three teachers and ncUe its ra|)i(l rrnnvth, hiildiui, ' as it now does a place of hiijh rank anion}; educa- tional institutions, we can but contemplate with satisfaction what an im])nriant place it will hold amonp educational institu- tions in the future. John Sciii.e(;ki.. Hino-wleclge and A isdom Knowledgfc and wisdom, far from beinti ' one, Have ofttimes no connection. Knowledfjfc dwells In heads replete with thoughts of other men ; Wisdom in minds attentive to their own. Knowledgfc — a rude, unprofitable mass, The mere materials with which wisdom builds, ' Till smoothed, and scjuared, and fitted to its place — Does but encumber whom it seems to enrich. Knowledge is proud that he has learned so much ; Wisdom is humble that he knows no more. — Cozi ' pn: Ech oes fr om Ro om R As you go tlirough the Asseml)ly Hall and near the south- west door, do }ou ever feel yo ur hands anil feet growing cold and the shivers run up and down your spinal column, while the blood races madly up to your head? Uo you know what these symptoms mean? You are passing through an acute stage of Music-on-thc-brain. Can you explain why Johnnie ' s knees sei nied so unsteady and his voice took on the tremolo stop when he bravely sang " I am not at all frightened, you will understand " ? Wanted — A new piano stool for Room R. The old one is so slippery that Miss Hagan slides off occasionally. Lost — A key. Finder will please return to yir. Butler before he gives his next rote song. A warning to Juniors: If you wish to get a " C " in music. never wear a pink waist. If you need to take a deep breath before singing, have Mr. Leake give you the signal. It is so suggestive of lifting a baby. . mong the many novel entertainments of the past year was the Old Folks " Concert given by the Normal Glee Club in January. You should have heard it — and seen it too! All kinds of people were there. Some were old women of the fifties, who wore tiny bonnets and hoop skirts. Others very closely resembled old maids (but do not tell them so). There was one .giddy little girl who took a " right smart " deal of watching lest she should flirt with some of those " horrid men. " It was she who sang " My Grandma ' s Advice. " No less charming was the prima donna. Every one said, " Sweet! " We saw men of Washington ' s time and some of Lin- coln ' s time, but the gray haired leader was the most imfwsing. Although rheumatism had wrought its work, still he seemed spry beyond the ordinary. The rendering of " Cousin Jedediah " was very impressive, showing the wonderful ability of the leader and singers. The concert was a success in more ways than one. and as a result the athletic boys were given a good lift. E. D. Under the greenwood tree Who loves to sit with me, And tune his merry note Unto the sweet bird ' s throat ? The Ui d Folks. «% Athletic Notes ( The Field-Day I ' UOM A CUAXI) STAMl I ' OINT 1)1- XIICW. " Kccmd. kinid. Warn, wall ! Solk ' sjo. Walli ' jii), Wall, will I, wall ! I,. A. X ' lirnial ' ow-w-w ! ! " Oh, siicli (.■xcitiiiKiit ! " Hear yc, licar yc. " cries the an- n iiiiicer thr: ii;,;li liis improvised mesaphniie. " the huiulreil- yard dash is ahoiit to take place. " Ciallup a|)])ears u]) the irack near the dressinq; rooms, and tlie .i; ' old i)ennaiils begin In tlutter lurviuisly. " Oh my. " says an adniirinjj co-ed; " 1 just know Mr. Ciallup will win this; don ' t he look ijrand ! " t " raL-k ! they ' re off. and the fair co-ed ' s prediction is fulfilled, for the i olden-haired hero wins by a clear two yards from Gould of Throop. and the bleachers settle down to an after- noon of noise. Next event, the mile run. Hall appears, in llowini; robes of a delicate mud color. " What ' s the matter with I ' .all? " fjueries the chief rooter throu.sjh his mefjaijhone. and a mif,duy roar hurls back the reply, " He ' s all right ! " . few minutes of preparation, the men take their places, a puff of smoke, and thev arc oflf. " Jiminy crickets. " says a sun-burned youth, " are they run- nin J a (|uarter? " He lias good reason for asking, for the fel- !ow.s sprint for the first three hundred yards at a three-min- ute- ' jai:. " They can ' t hold it, " says the wiseacre, and he is right, for the pace slac ' ens considerably after the first (|uarter post. I ' .all is leadin;r: can he keep it u])? Now the half is passed, with ev ry man going strong. I ' p in the grand stand the cx-it.iiKnt be:4;ins to increase, and when tlie last r|uarter is rca.hed ib.e noise b. ' comcs deafening. I ' oor fellows, they nr. ' tir d to death. Ball has dropped back, but he fights gal- l-.in: ' .v f r tl.ird place, thuu ' Th he is badily exhausted, and sta-rgers ratlur than runs, lie takis it, however. Coffin of I ' asadena being first. . ])ause now, while the various schools count tlieir scores and jiredict the next winners. Then the bicycles come out, and the cr.nvd begins to thitler again. Riddell is the Xornial man this time, but his chain breaks in the first |uarter. and he is out ;,f the race. Hard luck, hard luck. " IKar ye. hear ye, " cries the announcer, " the running broad jum]) is about to begin. " and the crowd ])unctures the atmos|)bere for the benefit of Chandler, who represents the purple an l .gold. He hurts his knee, unfortunately, and is only able to lake srcmid place. Hard luck again, for he is down for several other events. The agitation among the co-eds is extreme, and Mr. Morgan is dispatched to investi- gate. He brings back reassuring reports, and hope is restored. Now the two-hundred and twenty yard dash, which GalUip wins easily, and the yellow flags wave madly amid a deafening roar. " What ' s the matter with Gallup ? " ' demands the rooter, an the reply jars the grand stand perceptibly. The pole vault and the hammer throw take place together, and the crowd becomes somewhat bored. " How far do they throw the hammer? " inquires a fair member of the audience. " About a hundred and twenty feet, " is the reply. " Well, how far would that be measured on the track down there? " she asks, and the young man makes esti- mates for her benefit. " What, will the pole-vault stretch out to the crack of doom? " says one student, wearily, paraphrasing Shakespeare to relieve her feelings. It seems so, indeed, for it has taken about an hour and a half. Butler is thorouglily tired, and only takes third place, though one girl declares that he should have first, because he jumps so ijrettily ! She cannot have her way, however. Now the fifty-yard dash, and the noise begins again. Gal- lup in the field once more, but this time he has to be content with second, Gould of Throop winning in 5 3-5 seconds. . welcome visitor appears in the shape of a pea-nut boy, who does a lively trade. President Pierce is seen to purchase a bag quite openly, and eat them with apparent enjoyment! From this it would seem that Mr. Pierce is a human being, just like anyone else 1 The ball throw is something new, and some wonderful throws are made, the winning record being 324 feet. Then the broad jump, won by Pasadena ' s man, who covers ten feet. Pretty good work. It is getting late, and the people who have to catch trains begin to leave, but the enthusiasm con- tinues unabated. " ' Are we here ? ' We should smile! We ' ve been here For quite a while, " roars Throop, and Normal gives its yell with more vim than ever. Now the quarter-mile dash, the event of the day. Gallup, accompanied by the hardworking Newsom, strolls slowly up to the place of starting, and P ' ainter of Throop follows in a gorgeous red robe. " Here they come ! Here they come ! " is the cry. " Gallup leads ! " shouts someone, and the Normal rooters go mad with delight. Sure enough he does, and with his chest high in the air and his ruddy locks flowing, he wins by an easy margin of six or eight yards. " Keemo, kimo! " scream his backers, and the Normal pennants wave furiously back and forth. Yell after yell goes up, until the rooters are speechless with ex- haustion. This is the greatest thing of the day, and we may well be proud of it. The last events are soon pulled off, Normal taking only one more point, a third place in the relay. It is long after sundown, the exhausted but happy rooters rush for their cars, and the fifth annual field-day is over. G. F. M. Yes. the Fit ' tli Annual Field-day is over, but the cup is still in the distance. The cup for which the boys contested was put up hy the I ' ciu ' iira I ' rcc Press M the fielil-day held in entura in lyoo. The school winnintj the cup three times is to kee]i it. Santa P.arbara won the field-day that year and so held the cup, Xornial takinjj second place. Last year the field-day was held in Santa Harhara and the hoys from that school won the cu|) for the second time, Normal takins.;:- third place. The field-day this year was iield in Los .Xngclcs. Santa Barbara (S. B.), Ventura ( ' .), i ' asadena (P.), Santa Paula (S. P.) Hish Schools, Xormal (X.L Throop Polytechnic In- stitute (T.). and Thatcher beinti represented. Thriio]) won the field-day. takinij 51 ])oints. Pasa lena 28, . ornial 251.% Santa Barbara 25. Santa Paula 4, entura i, Thatcher !.. Althou.sjh Thrmip won the cup, those from that school were surprised when Gallup took the loo-yd. and 220- vd. dashes from (lould, and the 440-yd. dash from Painter. When ( " .allnp and Chandler graduate Xormal will lose two j ood athletes, whose places will be hard to fill. The following shows the winners of the first three |)laces. with the best record made: EVENTS KIRST PIJVCK 100 yards dash I Gallup (N) 1 mile run Coffin (P) 1 mile bicycle Applegate (T) 220 yards dash Gallup (N) Running broad jump Kern (P) Pole vault Weile (S. B.) 5(1 yards dash Gould (T) Hammer throw Hayes (T) Shot put Laughlin (S. B.) Ball throw Applegate (.Tl 440 yards run Gallup CN) High jump Paul. .(T) 5 mile bicycle White CP) Standing broad jump Machin (P) Mile relay Throop SECOND IM.ACK Gould (T) Sharp (T) White CP) Gould (T) Chandler (N) Wilhoit (,S. P.) Gallup CN) Laughlin (S. B.) Gilmore (T) White (P) Painter (T) Bontelle (P) Applegate (T) Squires (T) Santa Barbara THIKD I ' LACK Healv (P) Ball! (N) Orr (U) Thomas CS. B.) Eachus (S. B.) Butler (N) Granger (S. P.) Dalrvmple (P) Chandler (N) Laughlin (.S. B.) Laughlin (S. B.) Chandler (N) Lobdell (Thatcher) Moore (.S. B.) Eachus (S. B.) Normal 10 2-5 sec. 4 min. 55 2-5 sec. 2 min. . 1 1-5 sec. 2. .V5 sec. 2(1 ft. ' -• in. 9 ft. 10 in. 5 2-5 sec. 12.7, ft. s in. ,V ft. 11 in. 324 ft. 52 3-5 sec. [ 5 ft. 4 in. 14 min. 37 sec. 10 ft. J. B. B. 1 RHI BB 1 ■ ■ " l i " ' " " ' " " jfti ' t AT £1 Pit ' - OuK Athletes. FIELD-DAY There ' s a day. bright and gay Comes but once a year. On this day all give way To trumpets, noise and cheer. Pennants wave for the brave. Tin horns have full sway. Galling " brave " always gave Courage to win the day. In the stand, plays the band. Cheers the heroes on: Shake the pennant, wave the hand. Now theyVe off— they ' re gone. But we know before they go Who will win the race. Blow! Blow : It is sol Gallup has first place I I P. S. If something hadn ' t happened To a knee and to a wheel. There ' s surely not a Normal mind That doesn ' t some way feel. That all those golden medals And the big cup as well. Would have made us quite a visit In our fair halls to dwell. — R. Prescott. 172155 " TKe Canterbury Pilgrimage ■r Do not go too fast, but listen to the stories by the way. Have not the Canterbury Pilgrims whispered that to you? If not. stop for a moment and look upon these worthy travelers of so long ago. Leading the train is the cook, " who could roste, and sethe, and boille and frye. maken soupe, and wel haken a pye. " You would rather expect to find him coming up somewhere in the rear, but you know Chaucer says : " . have I not set folks in thir degree Heer in this tale, as they sholde stonde ; My wit is short, ye may wel understonde. " " On a horse as lene as a rake " follows the clerk, " And he was not right fat, I ' ll undertake. But loked holwe and ther-to soberly. " If you have sharp eyes you will also see that " ful thredbar was his coat. " " A Frankeleyn was in his com- paignye, " whose herd is as white " as is the dayesye. " In the very center of the middle group, you see the " verray parfit gentil knight. " and although you may not be particularly interested in him, your eye cannot fail to be attracted to his sone, a yong squyer, a lovyer. and a lusty bachelor, of twenty vears of age he was, I guess, who behind his father rides. " Embroidered was he. as it were a mede .Al ful of fresshe flowers, whyt and rede. Singinge he was, or floytinge al the day ; He was as fresh as is the month of ] Iay. Wel coude he sitte on horse, and faire ryde. Short was his goune, with sieves long and wyde. So hote he lovede, that by night or day He sleep na more than doth a nightngale. " With them there rode a " gentil Pardoner, that streight was comen fro the court of Rome. " and who for historic adornment excels all the others. On the front of his cap is a miniature picture, which you wil recognize as the likeness of Christ if you have a fair imagination. In his left hand he is holding up the " croys of brass, ful of stones " ; and in his right a " glass of pigges bones. " W ' ith these relikes, Chaucer says: " Upon a day he gat him more moneye Than that the parson gat in months tweye. And thus with feyned flaterye and japes. He made the parson and the peple his apes. But trewely to tellen, atte laste, He was in chirche a noble ecclesiaste. Wel coude he rede a lessoun or a storie, But alderbest he song an offertorie ; For wel he wiste, whan that song was songe, He moste preche. and wel affyle his tongue, To winne silver, as he ful wel coude : Therefore he song so meriely and loude. " Before speaking of any of the women represented in the picture, I wish to say that even way back in Chaucer ' s day, they didn ' t always stay at home although they were married, i ou at once recognize the " sood wyf " by tlie description — " Bold was hir face, and fair, and reed of hewe. And on her heed there was an hat As brood as is a buckler or a targe. " ( )f her history we read — " She was a worthy woman al hir lyve, llmin. bondes at chirche-dore she haddc fyvc. .And thryes haddc she been at Jerusalem; She hadde passed many a straunge streem. . t Rome she hadde been, and at Boloigne. " " There was also a Xoune. a " Prioresse. " with " even ,L;r;i as gtas. " and smyle " ful simple and coy. " " Hir mouth was small, and ther-to soft and reed. Full neat was hir cloke, as I was war. Of small coral aboute hir arm she bar A peire of bedes. gauded al with grene ; .And there-on heng a broche of gold ful shene, ( hi which ther was first write a crouned . . " Of her accomplishments, we are told, " Ful wel she sung the service divyne ; Entuncd in hir nose ful semely : .And Frensh she spak ful faire and fetisly. .After the scole of Stratford attc Bowc, For Frensh of Paris was to hir unknowne. But, for to speken of hir conscience. She was so charitable and so pitous. She wolde wepe, if that she saw a mous Caught in a trappe, if it were deed or blcdde. " With the nuns there was a monk, " .And for to fastne his hood under his chin. He hadde of gold y-wroght a curious pin : A love-knot in the grettcr ende iher was. His heed was balled, that shown as any glas, . nd eek his face, as he hadde been anoint. He was a lord ful fat and in good point ; His eyen bright and rollinge in his heed, .And shone as a furnace in a cauldron. He was not i)ale as a fnr-])yned goose. A fat swan loved he best of any roost. " Following all the others in our picture is that good man of religion, to portray whom the artist must rely wholly on his imagination : but, oh, how that imagination is quickened by the simple cliaracter sketch, given so vividly in these words: " Riche he was in holy thoght and work. He was also a lerned man, a clerk. Ful looth was he to cursen for his tythes, i!ut rather wolde he yeven, out of doule, L ' n-to his poure parisshens aboute If his off ring, and eek of his substance. This noble ensample to his sheep he yaf. That first he wroghte, and afterward he taughte; .And this figure he added eek ther-to. That if gold ruste, what shall yron do? For if a priest lie foul, on whom we trustc. No wonder is a lewd man to ruste. .A better preest, I trow that nowher nou is. He wayted after no pomp and reverence. Rut Christes lore, and his apostles twelve. He taughte, but first he followed it himself. " This illustrious engraving, which is now among the pic- tures on our walls, is the only one of its kind on the Western coast. It was copied from a mural painting that adorns the dining room of George Gould at I.akewood, New Jersev, and was recently presented to thi s.-hool by the Classes of ' 02. S. B. Yarneuu Kindergarten Class Ada Savntr : " Why does Ihe duKt ' ie bark? " Flun-ciCf Dilwttrtli Nhakfs bands. Mary Workman doesn ' t know a thintf about it, but wait until sbt Tfcites. Ji-isii- II. WickiTsham: " I expfci to ir«» East. When ' . ' In October Ht ' li ' n Kanh makfH a cap cake. _ Carrie Diminic ' s daily occu- Minta Keach plays ' " pationovpiat Olive Street Blanche Allen a- M- eo on Sprinir Street rhapsodies. (Iract- Allen: " Cla s please come to order. ' ' May Elmendorf: " Whereare my orjihaus? " School. on the way tt» the Orpbanacre. n% Kmnia Bumiller: " Just wait till you see me lead the march. " Mary Babcock plays the piano. Marian Washburn: " But I didn ' t ffu with bim. " Prof. — -; " Fitirence Holywell, if you Cas«iie Amsbury: say i nt ' aifain. Til put you out ! " Late aeain : I Ye Class of Summer, 1903 Ye Normal Schoole. it plaine doth seeme. Hath reason great for high esteeme Of this, ye classe so dear to me, Ye summer class of 1903. Ye President of ye C. A. Is from ye classe of Middle A: Ye Secretarie of ye same Is from ye classe I juste did name. Ye president of ye athletes Who holde " fielde-days " and all such meets. Ye Glee Club President as well Are from ye classe I love so well. Of ye, " Sunshine Society, " Ye Treasurer and ye SecretVy, And ye Vice-President, all three Are from ye classe of 1903. Good times ye classe has. not a few. Just lysten to ye things they do. And see what class ye schoole can tell That loves ye goode times half so well. Maid Laughlin and ye 1903 ' s Enjoyed ye Ocean Parke sea-breeze, A trolley-ryde, and spread moste rare In ye Maid Laughlin ' s cottage there. In Eastlake Parke a picnic gaye. Delighted many a Middle A, For Middle A ' s. bothe two and one. Enjoyed ye luncheon and ye fun. Wythe caps and aprons cleane and white, Four A one lads, a jollye sight. Ye first four lads do frye and bake. Make " egg-fondue " and goode sponge cake. A philanthropic crowde are they, Maid Laughlin and ye Middle A, For many a candye sale they ' ve had To help through schoole a Chinese lad. In lesson or societye The first is Summer 1903; It takes the lead in worke or playe — All hail, ye classe of Middle A. — Stanley F. Howland. Graiiiinar in t K e Training Department .... of the .... STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT LOS ANGELES MARY O. BARNUM The teaching of grammar in the grades, perplexed as it is by con- tradictory practices and unsatisfactory resuhs. is in especial need of pedagogical consideration. The present confusion appears in the fact that some advocate leaving grammar until the high school, or discard- ing it altogether; others require its details from the third grade through the eighth ; some use scattered exercises, unconnected by any laws; while others demand a formal system increasingly intricate. This important subject seeins to be the last to feel the quickening power of the new dispensation, which places the spirit above the letter, the whole above the part, organic use above formal classifica- tion, constructive activity above detail and terminology — in short, the practical needs of the children alxive sluggish tradition or the tech- nical interests of specialists. The valid teaching of any subject must accord with the conditions of its use in life. Language is for communication. Expression al- ways begins with something to be said — that something a thought con- sisting of ideas definitely related : expression always proceeds by choosing words to indicate the ideas and by grouping them to indicate the relations. Development of real power, therefore, can come only by following this life process. The customary grind of memorizing, de- fining, conjugating, classifying, parsing, diagraming bears no relation to actual expression, in source, process, or result. Moreover, in the English language, where the same word is used without change of %rm in different constructions and as different parts of speech, it is obvious that the form of the part is not the key to the sentence; that both the construction and the part of speech can be determined only by a clear perception of the organizing thought. Hence it is useless for practical purposes to teach the sentence before the thought, or the part of speech before the sentence, or the form at all except where it is distinctive- Since command of language, as of anything else, depends on getting in line with forces actively at work, our eflForts in gram- mar will be weak so long as we remain " hedged in a backward gaz- ing world. " presenting our mother tongue almost wholly by what it has discarded, teaching cases no longer existent, agreements not actual, classifications and definitions based on rejected forms or on analogy. We should, instead, study and obey in our language its progressive tendencies, its logical elasticity and freedom, its almost complete vic- tory over inflections, its direct use of position and of relation words to express logical relations. It appears, then, that for results useful in life, the logical method of presenting grammar is imperatively demanded both by the general conditions of communication and by the special nature of the English language. Other pedagogical considerations which point to the logical method are the supreme importance of distinct imaging and the theory of apperception. We are told to begin with the known, with the home- land of the children. In other subjects, geography, for instance, work is no longer approved that does not deal first with things seen, heard, and above all. things done. Surely the home-land of language is thought; not thought as an arctic abstraction, but thought as a train of dancing images in the children ' s minds, as a dominant, organizing power in life and in language. The experience of children is largely with sense objects, their interest in activity, their taste keen for novelty. Thought, if we take pains to notice, is actually constitutive in all experience of sense objects; it is the most nimble and potent (if aclivilics; it is a fairyland of novelty. If one shows this to chil- dren, one finds abnndant interest eager to be enlisted. An outline of the work on the Nature and Structure of the Sen- tence, as repeatedly and successfully given in the Training Department of the Los Angeles State Normal School, will probably indicate more clearly than woidd further discussion the method that is, with us, deemed advisable— a method that is the result of long and earnest ef- fort to meet pedagogical requirements and the needs of the children. This first and fundamental work in grammar is done in the first term of the seventh grade, in accordance with the generally conceded result of child study; that not before the seventh or eighth grade can gram- mar as such be studied profitably or rationally ; that constant practice in careful speaking and writing, for the formation of correct habits by imitation and drill, is all that is natural or advantageous in the earlier grades. The study justifies its place on the school program by proving its intiniate connection with life- Its initial step — thought, as an activity constantly unifying — is in the heart of life- Its second step — the single thought, the single act of uniting, the consequent .structure and essential parts— is in the heart of grammar; it affords the simplest ac- count of predication that is more than a name. NoTi:.— The following discussion of these steps appears most dis- proportionate. In reality, very little time is needed in class for their presentation, aside from drill in application to actual sentences. From one recitation to three, according to the class, is sufficient. The force and vividness of this presentation, however, determine the entire sub- sequent work in grammar — give it impetus and light. Such impetus and illumination are precious for the children, yet extremely difficult for the teacher to give. The text-books offer little assistance. Grammars usually take the thought for granted, silently, if they do. if they do not distort and defy it ; they try to build firmly on an ignored foundation. Logics treat it in a way intelligible only to adults. To help the child, thought mu.st be presented, not as an abstraction in a text-book, but as it actually is, as the most lively and intimate of realities, as a familiar aciiv ity ind ispensable in every-day affairs. For these reasons it has been found necessary and especially profitable to give our prospective teachers assistance at this critical stage as ample and suggestive as possible; to offer several illustrations of the " unconsidered miracle " of thought, in the hope that one will strike home and start original observation. For the class, one illustration, concrete, definite, well applied and clinched, is all that is requisite or best. Others will be helpful later if the work lags or blurs. Thought: Its Nature. The Builder. All your lives you have been busy doing things, playing, eating, seeing things, asking about them, building play-houses and boats and dresses and railroads. . tliis time you have been doing one sort of building without noticing it — a very wonderful sort — the finest and fastest of all. This new sort of building is really what has helped you to do all the other kinds; what has made the world clear and bright; what has enabled you to know all the things around you that you need or like. What is this new sort of building? What builder does it? This builder is invisible, makes no noise, takes up no room, yet is at work for us all the time, except when we are asleep. How are we to find out about a magic worker? By watching the work he does. Fortu- nately we can see that after it is newly done and even while he is doing it if we are sharp enough. There is another fortunate fact. Perhaps you have heard of the princess who had a magic mirror in which she could see things invisible, things that absent persons were doing every- where and things that concerned the past and the future. We all have a magic mirror, in which we can see the work of our wonderful builder, the work he has done for us and for folks far away and long ago- First, let us see if we can find what this wonderful builder does directly ; then we will study what we see in the magic mirror. The difficulty about watching the builder is that he acts very rapidly, and that we are so used to finding his work done that we do not notice. I said that without the aid of this builder or joiner you would have none of the things you need or like. How many like oranges? How many have ever seen an orange? That is remarkable. I never have. (Hold one in hand.) What is it you really see? " See " means what your eyes, all by themselves, tell you (Class begins to get very ciirli iis anil intent) " yellow. " " color. " " round, " " shape. " To be Mire. Mow many have tasted an orange? ( Cla. s is beginning to think; most are cantious. a few trip.) Taste, all by itself, told yon what? " Flavor, " " juice, " " sweet, " " rich. " Exactly. . re these parts brought us by the eye and taste all there is to the orange? What else tells us something? (May ask one to close his eyes and put the orange in his hand.) " Pebbly skin. " " oily, " " heavy, " " elobc-shaped, " " cool. " Is this all? (May close eyes and smell it.) Still another sense gives us what? " Scent. " Does any one know anything else about it? " Divided into lobes and cells. " How do you know that? You cannot see the inside of this one. " Remember. " That is true, and very important ; memory tells us still more. Now the question is how we ever get the orange, the real, whole orange, out of these many parts, which come to us from many different sources. (If desired, show by using painting or colored model — so good as to be deceptive — that sight alone is not sufficient.) The class is always very curious and excited at such a novel yet perfectly obvious experience. Usually some one shouts " In our heads, " or " We think them together. " (If not, emphasize carefully the conditions ; the point must be made, and made by the class.) We see that what we have now is many parts, do we not ? color, shape, taste, scent, weight, surface. We see that we get these parts by different senses, often at different times. If we could not get them together in one, we should have only a number of separate things — a yellow color, a cool, smooth something, a scent, etc. How do we get them together? Where are they put together? Every- thing else you have built you have put together with your hands. Do your hands join these? " No, our heads. " There we have it! What do we call building by means of our heads? " Thinking. Phought. " This busy, invisible builder we have been talking about, who is at work for us all the time, we call thought. Thought is so wonder- ivlt that there is very much we do not know and cannot find out about it. But we can tell how it acts: it joins, associates, relates, builds to- gether. .Ml objects come to us in parts, in separate sensations; the joiner, thought, puts them together. The mind is like a busy workshop where sense messengers are bringing things all the time, and the master workman, ihought, is putting them together all the time. What else iloes thought build for us? (The children have been look- ing around alertly, impatient of listening in their eagerness to try the new experiment on other things. They want to tell tumultuously of other object building. Let them. Try other obejcls in the room, the commoner the better: desk, book, rose, wall, clock. . sk them to notice all the things mind puts together for them and tell about them for the next lesson.) Perhaps in these every-day instances the mind joining is done so rapidly that you cannot realize it: you take it for granted. If so, try a piece of work that your mind does for the first lime. Then this builder, like all others, has to go slowly, and we can see the separate acts quite plainly. What is this? (Have a little alcohol in a clear glass, or gasoline, or anmionia, or sulphur to burn, or glass to bend. ) " Water. " It looks like it; that is what your eyes tell you. Put some on your hand. " Disappears without wiping, " " Makes the skin cool. " Is that like water? " No. " How do you know? The hand would have brought a different message about water. Smell of it? What makes you jump? .Another surprising message. I have washed these crystals in water but let us wash them again. " They all disappear. " .Another new message. Take this lighted match and put it out in the fluid. " It doesn ' t go out. " " ITie liquid burns. " Still another new message. Now tell me what you can. " The alcohol looks like water, disappears, cools, smells sharply, dissolves crystals, and burns. " You learned all those things separately, one at a time. You had never known them before about the same object, why do you tell them all at once in about the one word alcohol ? Because your mind has adready joined them. Suppose next week I say the word alcohol, what will happen? " Re- member the burning, dissolving, disappearing, etc. " That is most help- ful, is it not? The mind not only joins ideas, but it joins them so tightly that they stay joined as long as you can " remember, " or in oth r words, as long as you can " think of it. " What is the name of this flower? " Can ' t remember. " What is it you cannot do? You cannot join the name of the flower. Remembering, then, is joining ideas. One says, " I know; it is a nasturtium. " There, you joined the right name to the flower. What is knowing, then? " Joining. " Learning is put- ting togetlier ideas that are known to others, but new to you, as learning about the alcohol; remembering is keeping tight hold of all you have put together before ; inventing is putting new ideas together — all arc joining ideas, thinking. Perhaps you think these are special tasks, and thought is not join- ing ideas for you all the time. What do you say when you have an accident or make a mistake? " I didn ' t think. " You were running fast, but did not join the idea of falling down or tearing your clothes. You ate green fru it or too much candy, but did not join, until too late, the idea of pain or sickness. Surely, you say, we don ' t think when we eat. Suppose I offer you an uncured olive, or something burned, or biting, or hot. Why do you not eat it ? Your mind calls up the idea of a bad taste and you refuse. If the ground in front of you looks uncertain you will not step on it: the mind joins ideas to every ap- pearance, sometimes " safety, " sometimes " danger, " and accordingly you step on the thing or around it. We see the joining of ideas is going on all the time and that it is our greatest guide and protector. A man is safe and helpful who has what we call " presence of mind. " Means? His mind is very quick to pick out and join the right ideas, the thing to do, the danger to avoid. Sometimes we join too much. At night we hear a slight sound, and we join to it the idea of burglar — fairly see his form and mask and pistol — the idea we should have joined was that of the wind shaking a window. Often the boys say, " You have another think coming. " That is slang, but it means? — joined the wrong idea and will have to try again and join the right one. You think that when you play the mind-joining is surely not to be considered. We have not time to mention many, but how about guessing games? and recognizing each other in Hide-and-Seek? How about the tricks you so enjoy? In these vou are plaving directly with the thought builder, to see if you can catch him napping. You offer some candy. Will Tom eat it? or will his mind bring the idea of red- pepper, or sand, or cotton, and he refuse to be fooled " ? To avoid being hurt and fooled you must have your mind trained to think quickly, and to join all the parts accurately. In after life, just as in games, the person who cannot be fooled is the hapnv and safe one ; he is the one who is careful to think all the parts together for himself. " Being fooled. " " being a fool. " means just this — not thinking, not join- ing, not joining the right ideas. The way to avoid it is always to take the trouble to join your ideas for yourself; never to get in the habit of taking without testing those some one else has joined, perhaps to deceive you. On the other hand, the great men, say, for instance, the inventors, were all men who put ideas together for themselves; some that had not been joined before. Whitney put the idea of fingers pick- ing out cotton seed, with the idea of the teeth of a saw, and gave us the cotton gin which " made cotton king " ; another man put the idea of shears with the idea of a substitute for a ladder — and we have the long-handled pruning-shears ; another put the idea of air with that of rubber, and gave us the pneumatic tire and the successful bicycle. The best and most useful inventions are usually ones in which both parts, both ideas, were already perfectly familiar ; only no one thought before of putting them together. This is well worth knowing and practicing, is it not? The essen- tial thing is to begin, right now, the habit of putting ideas together for yourself, independently ; for one who is lazy about this will not be safe or useful ; never learn well, nor remember, nor know. II. The Single Thought — Its Structure and Parts When you want to learn to make things of any sort, kites, doll- dresses, or boats, you have to take one at a time, see what parts it has, and how these are put together. Let us take a single thought and see what its parts are and how they are put together. The single thought is just one act of the mind. We already know one part of the thought — the most important part. It is the act of the builder, the mind ' s act of joining. It is this joining act that puts and holds together the other parts, like mortar joining bricks, or pins fastening papers, or a strap holding books together. We need to find out next what the other parts are. what sort of building stuff this builder uses. Suppose you are on Spring Street and you hear a loud, clanging bell. What do yon quickly think of? " Fire-engine, " " Police patrol. " Tell nie more about the police patrol that you think of when you hear the bell. " Two large horses, " " man in uniform driving, " " two policemen. " " a prisoner. " How is it that you can tell nie all this now. when there is no police patrol anywhere in sight? " Remember. " But what exactly is it you remember? What is it you join instantly to the sound of the gong? Tell me some more alx)ut the patrol. Shut your eyes. What color are the uniforms? " Blue. " How do you know? " Sort of see it. " Look again. What has the driver on his head? " Cap. " What have the policemen on theirs? " Helmets. " You can see it all very plainly in your mind, can you not? You have a sort of mind picture that you look at. This picture comes to you instantly when you hear the gong or when you hear the name police patrol. The mind joins this picture to the sound or the name. Thus we find out that our builder, thought, joins mental l ii-turcs: we call these me ntal pictures idciis. We have them about everything; it is very important to make them bright and distinct, so that we can look at them and see what we need to know. Remember carefully : the first oart of the thought was the joining act ; the other parts are ideas, or mental pictures. ( .An exercise in calling up ideas and describing them exactly is well worth while now-, and occasionally throughout.) In a thought, then, the mind ' s act joins ideas. How many must there be? There may be a great many, but we want to know how many we must have before we can have any thought at all. " Two, " some one will probably answer. If not. ask the class how many of anything they must have before they can do any joining? how many boards? pieces of paper? bricks? " Two. of course. " Certainly, you may have a great many, but you must have two before you do any putting together at all. We must have two ideas for our mind builder to put together. Every Aought must have, therefore, the joining act and two ideas to be joined: tlirrc (Tr i. That is very simple and easy ; it will help us in many a hard place later if we remember it carefully. Notice once more: a thought is a joining ; any joining must have that which does the joining and two parts to be joined. For example, suppose our work were in paper: we must have two pieces of paper and some paste or a fastener; cloth, two pieces of cloth and a thread or pin; for a thought, two ideas and the joining act. If I say the words " your mother, " what happens? . picture of her comes into your mind. Tell me several thoughts about her. Mother is tall; molhcr is well: mother is dress-making; mother is baking. Pick out the three parts in each. The nRST idea was? " Mother " ; the idea you joined to the first — we will call it the SEtoSD li)F.. — was what? " Baking. " . nd what joined these two? " The mind " — " joining .mt. " Exercises in clear perception of mental pictures and in joining them are conducive to clear thought, to judgment, to " vision. " to love of thought; these results are the essence of all real education; they are the springs of power in the study of language, still more in its vital use. Now. when the pictorial interviewing of thought has the freshness of novelty, encourage and drill until it has the fixity and force of habit, resting assured of rich immediate returns and far-reaching benefits. In grammar, the goal and the progress thither depend on this clear under- standing of the thought ; clear to the extent of vivid perception of ideas and their relations Consequently, all the time and pains necessary to make plain and familiar the nature of thought as a joining process, the simple structure of the single thought as an active joining of two or more ideas, is justifiable: it is indispensable to genuine work. More, however, seems superfluous, if not injurious: to go farther is to fare worse in practical efficiency- Show the children thought actually at work; point out its characteristic yet simple structure; then stop, with- out obstructing the vision by a single item clear only to the adult and useful only to the specialist. III. The Expression of Thought in Language. The Sentence, Its Structure and Parts. A. I ' KINCIl ' AI, I ' AKTS. What becomes of all the thoughts we build? When you heard the gong and thought, " The police patrol is coming. " what effect did the thought have? You expressed it by jumping out of the way. We often express thoughts hy actions, such as hurrying to school when tlie iicll rings, eating something when we think it is good, beckoning, shaking our heads, and other gestures. Inventors work their thoughts out, how? " In machinery. " An artist has a beautiful thought: how does he express it? " In a picture. " A musician? " In music. " If you want to under- stand any of these things you must search out the thought back of them. Do you remember that I said we had a magic mirror that showed us the thoughts of people far away and long ago? If your friend was in New York, how could you know his thoughts? " By what he wrote " How can we know that Washington or Lincoln thought? " By what they said or wrote. " Our magic mirror, then, is language. In lan- guage we can see not only our own thoughts, but also the thoughts of people who lived far away and centuries ago. Thought itself passes so rapidly that we can hardly watch it. but once expressed in language it stays fixed, as one ' s shadow stays in a photograph. The sentence is the expression of a single thought. With the sentence you can speak the thought, it is no longer inaudible, you can write it. it is no longer invisible. Thus the sentence is like the princess ' magic mirror. Your face has certain parts: nose, eyes, mouth. ears. In the reflection in the mirror are there any more? or fewer? Just the .same. You would say it was a very poor glass, too poor to be used for a mirror, if it distorted or blurred out any part. If the sentence is a mirror for the thought, what must it do? Reflect it truly. just as the mirror reflects your face or hand truly. It can do this only by reflecting, or expressing, all the parts, and these in the same relations. How many parts did we find the thought must have? " Three. " Then the sentence must have? " Three. " What parts must be expressed? " The joining " " the ideas. " (Take up first whichever the class suggests first.) The sentence, if it is to tell us the thought, nuist express the joining act and the two ideas. Let us take them in order. We must have expressed the first idea, the idea we are thinking or talking about, In the sentence we call this the subject; we mean by subject just what the first idea is, what is being thought or talked about. Then we must have the joining act expressed, if we are to know there was any thought at all. There may be a great many ideas without the mind ' s liuilding them into thoughts: there may be a great many words not built up into sentences, in the dictionary, for instance, or the spelling book. Only the joining act can build the ideas into thoughts; only the expression of the joining act can build words into sentences. The word joiner that expresses the joining act we call the copula. Copula means coupler or joiner, like the coupler that joins the cars. Finally the second idea, the idea that is joined to the first idea, must be expressed. We call what- ever expresses the second idea the predicate. It means just what the second idea is, that which is said of, or joined to, the first idea. The three parts of the thought are? " First idea, second idea, joining act. " The three parts of the sentence? " Subject, predicate, copula. " These parts are called principal parts because they are necessary. A thought or a sentence must have all three to be a thought or a sentence. Build thoughts about this room. Tell them to me in sentences. " The room is a schoolroom. " " The room is pleasant- " " The room is full. " In each select the three principal parts. This work should be reached by the third day. Have many thoughts expressed and analyzed. Select from reading those which have the three parts expressed separately. Treat modifiers as added to the principal parts, if the children wish to know about them. THK VKKB, NOUN AND I ' KONOUN ' . In order to make doll dresses, kites or thoughts, we found we must learn what kinds of parts were used and how they were put together. To build sentences, likewise, we must find out the parts that are used and the way they are put together. The parts of sentences are words. Words, either singly or in groups, are used to express the parts of the thought. First, there is one sort of w-ord called " the word, " or " x ' crb, " because it is the most important word of all. Why? What makes any word important? Because it expres.ses the most important part of the thougiit. What is that part without which we could have no thought at all? " The joining act. " We have already called the expression of the joining act copula. Now we shall call it also verb (which means " the word " ), to show its great importance. The verb is the same as the copula; it is any word that ' xprcsscs the mind ' s joining act. It is the only word in tlic language that can do this. Since there can he no thought without this joining act. there can he no sentence without its expression in a verb. In the sentences we have studied so far we have found the joining act expressed alone, in a word with nothing else in it. When anything, .say water or milk or silk, has nothing else in it, we say it is pure. Simi- larly, we will call the verb that expresses the joining act alone the I ' IRE VERB. The pure verb is another name for copula. The form of the sentence changes ; the three principal parts may be expressed in various ways. Often several words are used to express one part ; we shall look into that soon. Often one word is used to ex- press two parts. We very often have the predicate and copula in one word, because it is handier. Suppose you were to join pieces of paper; you must have all three things, two pieces of paper and some mucilage. Rut if you had to do this very often, it would be quicker to have the mucilage and the second piece of paper all in one, as we do in stamps or labels. The mucilage is there, just as truly as if you put it on sepa- rately, else the stamp and envelope would not stay together. In the sentence, also, it is often handier to have the copula and predicate in one wonl. The j iining is expressed just the same, else the ideas would not be together; we should not have a sentence. (Do not depend on the superficial device of change of form ; show the act back of both forms.) Let us try as before a thought in which the joining is new, therefore slower and more distinct. Do you remember about the alco- hol ? As you watched the match go into it you expected to see it put out ; instead, you recognized an idea you had often joined to that of wood or coal, but had never joined before to a clear, water-like fluid. With surprise your mind joined this idea for the first time to alcohol. If you wrote down your thought you might say. " The alcohol is burn- g. i " he alcohol burns. " " The alcohol is in flames. " " The alcohol is combustible. " All would mean the .same. .Ml would show me that you had recognized the idea of burning, and had joined it to that of the strange fluid. One would express the thought just as well as the others; the difference i- only in ihi- form. The first has how many words? " Three. " To express three parts — a word to each part. The second has? " Two. " To express the same three parts — two parts in one word. Hums expresses both the copula and the predicate. Once again. Sup- pose you saw a strange animal. You would watch it. wi ndering what it would do. in would wonder if it crawled, or walked, or ran. or what. That is, you would have a number of ideas of action that you had gained in watching other animals, and you would be wondering which to join to this one. At length the kangaroo would make a sudden bound that you would recognize as " leaping. " Perhaps you would shout to a friend who had been wondering also. " The kangaroo leaps. " " The kangaroo is leaping. " or " The kangaroo is a leaping animal. " Would it make any difference in which form you said it? Would not each show that you had recognized the action of leaping, given it its name, and joined it to kaui arooT Leaf ' s, then, tells as much as is leaping: it expresses the predicate idea and the copida — the fact that you have found out that this idea belongs to the strange animal. ' I ' he word burns and word leafs each expresses two things; the copula — therefore each is a verb— and the predicate idea of buruiiiii or leafing;. When we find two things together in one form, as milk and water, or cracked corn and wheat, we say they arc mixed. Let us call the verb that expresses two things — i. e. the joining act and the predicate idea a .mixed verii. (Or. if you like, a predicate verb.) In the sentence. The aleohol is burning, we have a pure verb. is. and the predicate separate ; in The aleohol burns, we have a verb, burns, which expresses both the joining and the idea of burning — a verb mi.xed of copula and predicate — a mixed verb. In The kangaroo is leafing, we have what kind of a verb? " Pure. " In The kangaroo leafs, we have what kind of a verb? " Mixed. " It expresses what two parts? " Copula and predicate. " (Have abimdant analysis in which the thoughts are selected, then the principal parts, ibt-n the pure and mixed verbs.] We have learned the kind of word we must have to express the joining act — a verb; al.so that this kind of word m.iy in addition express the predicate. We have not yet learned about the subject. Before we can express any thought we must name the idea we are going to talk about, our subject. For this we must have a word that can name. a name word. We call name words nouns — noun means simply name word. The .subject, therefore, must always be expressed by a noun, or something used as a noun. .Analyze as before, emphasizing nouns used as subject; also. soon, nouns used as predicate, but not as modifiers, unless the children notice them. There is another very useful sort of word that is often used as subject or predicate, for a noun. It is called a pronoun, which means " for a noun. " Pronouns point out the ideas we are talking about with- out really naming them ; they are like sign-boards, pointing to the real thing we want to find. Consequently, we must always be careful to keep pronouns pointing straight ; otherwise, like crooked sign-boards, they will do harm instead of good. Analyze, adding work on pronouns used as principal parts, being sure to have pupils find the idea each pronoun points out. These fundamental parts of the sentence must be drilled on thor- oughly and long before any new element is allowed to intrude. Hence all the points of difficulty that concern these principal parts would better be taken up now, to give variety to the drill, and to impress indelibly the central structure of the sentence until it is found in every sentence read or heard or written. For this reason, verbs, nouns, and pronouns, expressing these parts, are presented as indicated, contrary to the usual custom of hurrying at once to the theory of modifiers, before that of the principal parts is fixed into a habit. For this reason and many others there should be long and strong insistence on the bare subject and the bare predicate, as coming before the entire subject and predicate both in time and in importance. In time, because after adverbs and objects have figured under the heading of predicate, it is very difficult to get them extricated, to say nothing of getting them clearly established as distinct in themselves. Instead of difficulty, there is assistance when the bare subject or predicate is habitually recognized first ; the grouping of modi- fiers about it is so easy and natural that pupils anticipate, and really understand the subordinate eleinents before they are reached. Again, the recognition of the bare principal parts is first in logical importance. The most vital and far-reaching logical distinction and habit pupils can get from their study of grammar is the distinction between essential and non-essential, between principal and subordinate, the habit of look- ing everywhere for such distinctions. This habit cannot be formed by theoretical emphasis so long as the practical emphasis, the first thing done in every sentence, destroys it. A final reason, sufficient in itself, is that most matters of composition turn on this distinction; choice of modifiers, grouping of modifiers, punctuation of modifiers, etc. Other points to be mastered in connection with the principal parts are further differences in the form, or the ways of expressing the thought. There should be extensive drill on each. I- Order. Inversion. Thought work to be discovered in each case. 2. Form words ; words that do no thought work, merely make the form smoother: it, there. 3. Several words may express one principal part : examples, group of words for the subject; group of words for the predicate — The house is on lire. He is in the greatest distress. She was on the lookout for her guests. He ivas in business, etc. Test by showing that the group expresses one idea, sometimes by changing into one word. Lay stress on the group of words used to do the work of a verb, called a verb phrase. First, a group of words may do the work of a pure verb. He 7i ' ill be sueeessful. Will be, taken together, joins the subject and predicate- He migiit have been successful. Mr. Cleveland has been president. Employ many exercises. Second, a verb phrase may do the work of a mixed verb. Thus, He luorks to-day. He has worked. He will li ' ork. He could have worked — all these groups perform the same thought offices ; taken as one, eacn group expresses the predicate and copula ; the extra word helps show time, certainty, etc. The class is ready now for much analvsis of simple, continuous prose (from histories or books used in reading or literature). This should continue until the steps are taken surely and swiftly : 1. Select all the thoughts. 2. Indicate the principal parts of each. 3. Classify verbs as pure and mixed. 4. Select nouns and pronouns. Test always by reference to the thought, allowing no mechanical trying on of word labels. For instance, search for the real predicate is frequently needed; linve the idea falsely selected joined directly to the subject, the error is then apparent, the ideas do not go together, the thought is destroyed ; find the only idea that can be directly joined. This is the surest test for confusion of all sorts, simple yet fundamental; objects, adverbs, and objects of prepositions fall away harmless before it ; the real predicate is clearly revealed, whether expressed in word, phrase, or clause; in noun, pronoun, verb, or adjective. In this way the pupils through their very errors may be helped to help themselves, by having their thought directed patiently and searchingly along the path jt must learn to go in solving all sentence problems. . little frank in- vestigation will prove the need of thus showing the children hoiv to study. Usually they listen, they watch, they " ask somebody else, " especially they cut and try until something " suits " the teacher. A be- ginning in habits of independent and systematic thought scrutiny is in- valuable ; with insight and perseverance it is possible through this work. Note. — It seems no longer necessary to offer a defense for present- ing emphatically the central element of the thought — the joining element or copula — nor, indeed, for presenting it, not as a third idea, but as an Off. The copula is the expression of the act of judging, of deciding, relating ideas ; of the characteristic, in a sense the creative act of rational consciousness — perhaps as near a glimpse as we can get of the secret spring of self-active personality. .-Vctivity in thought is the phase to be emphasized for the sake both of the children ' s aptitudes and of psycho- logical truth. Wundt shows us that the most intricate idea must prob- ably be considered as a process, as an act. If the copula js ignored, the real nature and distinctive office of the verb is ignored. If the copula is considered as expressing merely an idea of relation, the verb is low- ered without basis of discrimination to the level of the preposition and conjunction. While it should not be sought mechanically, as the word is that must be torn out — often the consolidation is too compact for •lich explication — the recognition of the copula, as expressing the unit- ing act of thought, as present in every verb because every verb somehow makes that asserted union known, is necessary to dispel the haze that surrounds the definition and classification of verbs, to clear much trou- blesome confusion concerning so-called " complements, " to make plain the exact difference between verbs and verbals, to render manifest the unity that exists between the various sentence forms, between the sen- tence and the thought, between thought in language and in life. B. SUBBOKDINATK KLEMKNTS. MODIFI8KS. If the preceding work has been well done, the rest will be surpris- ingly ea.sy and rapid. In any sentence at any stage the battle is more than half won when the principal parts are determined with real msight into the ideas and their groupings. Ideas and words " added " to sub- ject and predicate have been set aside by the children in nearly every sentence. It remains only to name these systematically, to summarize and drill. The theory of modifiers seems to be taken for granted by the children; it is a very helpful and attractive subject for discussion, how- ever, where the class takes it, and most do. It may be handled, perhaps, as follows : You remember that I said our magic mirror, language, showed us not only the present acts of the thought builder, but also our past acts and those of people for ages back. Every sentence you make expresses at least one new act of thought : you make up your mind about the rela- tion of two ideas and declare or assert the result; this act of assertion is always expressed by the principal parts, and is what we have been studying so far. Every sentence shows also the results of many past acts of thought: our own, which we now take for granted while we turn our attention to new; those of countless others who have been thinking for ages and storing the results in words. Every word " strikes root into a far foretime. " Think how many past acts of thought are implied in all that we mean by home, school, nation, church, etc. There are in every sentence many results of past acts now taken for granted or assumed. Take one or two sentences and discover as many as pos- sible. (This work should be merely suggestive; it should go only far enough to arouse a keen realization that the whole sentence is compact of thought, every word and grouping of words.) The result of a past act of thought, now taken for granted, is said to be assiinii-d: assumed means simply taken for granted. The words we have noticed " just added " to the principal parts were all taken for granted or " assin}ic(l " in tliis way. We call lliem modifiers of the parts to which they arc " added. " To modify simply means to change ; these ideas always change in some way the idea to wdiicli they are added. Wc shall sHidy carcfnlly the modifiers, first of nouns, and then of verbs. 1. Word Modifiers. ADJECTIVK.S : I ' OSSKSSIVE AND AI ' PO.SITIVE MODIIIKKS. The sort of word that is usually added to a subject — or any noun- is called an adjective: adjective means simply added to a noun. The large zvhite Iwitse was hnrned. Subject? " House. " The words modi- fying house? " The large ivhite. " Notice how they change your mental picture of house. House by itself calls up a very hazy picture; it may be any house of any kind. When we add 7vhite, notice the change. White makes our picture distinct and bright in color. Of course it also shuts out all houses of other colors. This shutting out we call lim- iting; the menial jiicturc is limited to one color. When we say large white house, notice more of the same sort of changes. First, the de- scription is enriched; our mental picture is better and fuller; second, all small houses are shut out of our minds ; our picture is limited to large houses. We could go on to describe and limit by adding other adjectives — square, handsome, three-story, etc.; the little adjective the shuts out all but one particular house. All adjectives change in one or both of these ways the ideas named by the nouns they modify. Select adjectives and note very carefully how the mental picture is changed by each. (Have many exercises, slow at first, then rapid; oral at first, then writ- ten, until the adjectives in a paragraph or a pape can be quickly se- lected.) The subject, or any noun may be modified by another noun. The judge ' s large ivhite house was burned. What is judge? " A noun. " What does it show? Clearly, possession; it shows the house is possessed by the judge, therefore we call it a noun in the possessive case. How does it modify or change the idea? It limits large white house to the one possessed by the judge. The subject, or any noun, may be modified by another noun that means the same person or thing, that is simply another name for it. We call a noun so used a noun in afifmsition : a f osition means placed be- side. My class-mate, Julia, is now a story writer. What is my? What does it do? " Possessive pronoun, " " modifies " " limits. " Still, any of my class-mates might be meant. What does the noun in apposition do? Clearly, it modifies, it limits to one person liy naming the person. ADVERBS AND OBJECTS. We have often noticed words added to tlie verb ; these are called adverbs, ad-verbs. (If the predicate is a noun or other part of speech its modifiers will, of course, be those considered under nouns or else- where.) Then the man ivalked slowly down. What words are added to the verb? " Slowly, " " down, " " then. " How do these change the idea walked? Without them the walking might have been in any way, at any time, anywhere. These limit bj ' telling how and when and where about the walking. Adverbs often tell when and where and how and why. (A great deal of analysis is needed, sharp, quick, until the adverbs and ad- jectives are quickly and surely discriminated; written work, as before, to secure agility. Adverbs modifying adjectives and other adverbs, especially those of degree, require considerable drill. As success with the group modifiers depends on sureness and skill in handling word modi fiers, much practice must be provided. Ingenuity must be taxed to keep the work varied and brisk.) The subject we found could be modified by nouns af well as by ad- jectives; some verbs, we shall see, may be modified by nouns as well as by adverbs. Notice carefully what sort of verbs these are and how the noun changes their meaning. lift the dictonary. What is the predicate verb, expressing the second idea? " Lift. " What sort of predi- cate idea? " Action. " The boys play ball. The predicate idea? " Play- ing " Kind? " Action. " The children eat bread and milk. The predi- cate idea is? " Eat. " Kind? " Action. " All are mixed or predicate verbs, and the predicate idea is always one of action. What noun is added to lift? " Dictionary. " Exactly how does it change the idea of lifting? " Tells what you lift. " Yes, but how does that affect the idea of action? If 1 stop with saying lift, it miglil mean that I lift all the books on the desk, or any of ihcm. or the papers, or flowers, or any- tliing in general. I shut out all those from my meaning when I say definitely that lift one thing, the dictionary. What did we call this shutting out when we were speaking of the modifiers of the subject? " IJniiling. " Then this noun limits the idea of action. It does this by iitDiiiiij one particular object that receives the action, hence we call a noun limiting an idea of action in this way an object. The boys f ' lay : we niiglil stop there and it would mean that they played anything or many tilings : when we add the noun ball, we name one thing that is played; we limit the playing to ball- If we say The children eat, what would it mean? " They eat anything. " If we add the names of certain things, bread and milk — the things that receive the action of eating — how do we change the action ? " Limit it to bread and milk. " So, again, in any such instance. In The girl sweefts, the inference is that the girl does alt the sweeping for the household. When we name the one object, door-step. The girl sii. ' ceps the doorstep, we limit the action to a very little sweeping. The indirect object may easily be added if desired. . fter review of principal parts and word modifiers, and before pass- ing to phrase modifiers, independent elements should be noted and ex- plained as elements connected loosely in meanine, but not at all in con- struction. The noun naming a person directly addressed is the most common and important, although various words will be found obviously " thrown in. " Note the appropriate punctuation of all such, . void the noun absolute construction at this stage. Avoid special names for occasional constructions. The class should realize that in English almost any word may at times do the work of almost any other. The helpful thing is to see exactly what work, in expressing the thought, each word does in each sentence. Name the word by its customary office, add the work done in any special case. 2. Phrase Modifiers. fKKPOSITION ?. We have become familiar with groups of words doing the work of one word, especially of the verb ; we called them verb phrases. Any group of words (not expressing a thoughtl which does the work of a single part of speech is called a phrase. We have frequently found a group of words modifying a noun. What sort of phrase would that be? What sort of word? " .Adjective. " Then the phrase that does the same work? " Adjective phrase. " Observe that all these phrases are built in the same way : first there is a word showing relation, by, or, on, behind, etc., then there is a noun naming some object that limits this relation, by the tree, not by everything in general, but by the one object, tree. The little relation word is placed before the name of the object, and so is called preposition, which means placed before. The preposition and its object form the phrase, together with any modifiers that the noun may have. Phrases often modify verbs. What sort of phrases must these be? " Adverb phrases. " Select all the adjective phrases and all the adverb phrases on certain pages. Always note exactly what idea is changed and how. (In practical analysis, after the first week or two, phrases should seldom or never be broken up : their construction is so obvious that the children are possessed to spare themselves harder think- ing by dawdliuR ' ii iilira es and articles. .Ml such routine work should be shunned.) 3. Clauses. CONJUNCTIONS. . s in the case of phrases, the work is already half done. The chil- dren recognize the conjunction as another sort of relation word (sub- division at this point is not advisable) The subordinate clause is readily understood as a thought used as an idea, a group of words expressing a thought, used as a single part of speech. The noun clause as subject or predicate is already familiar: its use in apposition and as an object may be added. The adjective clause follows readily; illustrate by changing a few adjectives to adjective phrases and then to adjective clauses; notice in passing that .some limit very closely and others do not. Most adverbial clauses are easily found if the thought is directl-- scrutiniz-- i; attempt no sub-classification. A great deal of drill in selecting principal clauses, in selecting and grouping subordinate clauses, w-ill be amply remunerative. The mapping out of such simple prose into principal and classified subordinate clauses, and each clause into principal parts and classified modifiers is the sort of grammar discipline most helpful for thought for interpretation and for composition. Actual class-rootu work- is liable to run to the opposite sort, to a struggle with a few exceptional constructions; or else to a treadmill of obvious details, articles, preposi- tions, phrases. C. Relational Words. A summary of connectives, or relational w ' ords. is helpful, because forcible English depends to a unique degree o n a nice and happy use of these words. First the copula (and all verbs, since they include it) asserts relation. All the others express assumed relations : the preposi- tion as explained above, the conujnction, the relative pronoun, and the connective adverb. D. Classification of Sentences. According to form, sentences are classified as simple, complex, and compound. (This is really involved in work on clauses.) According to meaning, sentences are classified as declarative, im- perative, and interrogative. Distinguish between the formal and the real interrogative. Note that any of these may be exclamatory. Observe in the interrogative that various elements may be questioned, even the copula itself; also that the element questioned is indicated by the first word in the sentence, .so that the answer needed will receive attention at once. Because of hmitcd space, it has been necessary to cut from the fore- going outline all qualifying and explanatory statements, and several por- tions hardly to be spared. First, one wished to make an earnest plea that exponents of logical method in grammar should not merely substitute logical technicalities for discarded philological — as text-books so far available seem to threaten, by their tendency to use abstract phraseology, to present the thought from the adult point of view, to begin with parts instead of wholes, to proceed to elaborate classifications of ideas and words and to other subtle and shifting logical distinctions — a plea that we seek and find the child ' s point of view and his needs; then have " the courage to be simple. " Second, a statement seemed requisite of the points of necessary departure from the ordinary presentation of gram- mar, and of the reasons for our refusal to regard as " complements " two radically different constructions, one principal, one subordinate, neither complementary ; or to define verbs according to an incidental and sec- ondary office, or to classify them according to whether they happened to be used with or without a certain sort of modifier. Third, the outline itself seems incomplete without a sketch of the way in which the foun- dation laid in the first term of grammar work proves valuable in that of the three succeeding terms of the Training School Course, especially in vitalizing dead and dreary portions, in making secure and clear por- tions usually confused; such as, the case of pronouns when used as a principal part, the subjunctive, and the handling of verbals. Finally, one wished heartily to emphasize value for composition of the sort of grammatical discipline that demands habitual searching for the thought back of the sentence, the idea back of the word ; that demands " vision, " clearness of perception to a degree that is pictorial. . ' Ml tliat is, how- ever, " another story. " Two conclusions are suggested by results observed from the term ' s work outlined. One is. that no gain comes from attempting the study in a formal way before the seventh grade; for pupils beginning grammar as indicated soon outstrip those who have been a long time struggling with its terms and rules. The other is. that the results possible in this year are too precious to be lost either by postponement, or by failure to reform sluggish traditional methods. The classes show a sustained interest most refreshing, a marked and gratifying attitude of inde- pendence, a habit of thinking ahead, instead of remembering and lean- ing on others. Such results are just what are needed to meet the pres- ent educational situation. The conditions of life today demand as never before that young people entering its competition be alert, independent in thought, inventive, able to cope with new conditions. Today, as the saying is. thought is in the saddle, in every profession and industry of daily life ; there is little and lessening chance for the mechanical worker, the routine thinker. Psychology warns us that unless organizing prin- ciples of thought are gained in youth they probably cannot be gained at all. We know that no sort of power is more precious in life than the power of readily discovering the essential and exalting it, of de- tecting the non-essential and subordinating it. of seeing the principle back of the appearance, the reality back of formal disguises. We have found that these vitally educative results can be attained by the logical study of grammar more directly and fully than in most subjects possible to the grades. ScKool Ne vs Items Miss Smith, one of our drawinjr icachcrs, has been granted leave of absence until September. Miss Smith will be for the greater part of the time in England and Scotland. Since Miss Smith ' s absence, the last few weeks, the several drawing classes have been taken charge of by Miss White, who has traveled extensively in foreign countries. The work has consisted in studies of Moorish, Egyptian, Grecian, Mohamme- dan, Gothic and Renaissance art. Miss ' hite ' s talks have been of much interest and value to the students. Beginning with September, a two-year professional course will be arranged, for High School graduates only. In addi- tion, there will be a two-year ])reliminary course, for any who wish to enter from the Ninth Grade. During the I ' iennial we had the pleasure of hearing three prominent club women talk of their great work. They were Miss Jane .Addams. founder of Hull House, Chicago ; Mrs. Kelly, who is at the head of the Consumers ' League, and Mrs. Alden, President of the National Sunshine Society. These noble women were an inspiration to us all, and gave us a clearer insight than many of us had before into the grand work that is being done by the women ' s clubs over the world. Miss Hellmuih has been granted a year ' s leave of absence, to go abroad the coming school year. During her al)sence Mrs. English will take her work. This is not to be considered as two courses in Bitglish. Our new building is nearly finished and will be ready for occupancy in September. The Domestic Science and Sloyd Departments will have new quarters on the first floor, also a lunch room, with conveniences, is to be provided for the use of students in the new annex. Several changes are to take place in the main building. The library will be moved to tiie present physics rooms, and the f ' hysics De])artment will occupy the rooms now used by the library. Mr. Davis expects to have the use of room R for the Science Department. Room P will communicate with room R by means of a doorway, which is to be cut through. Mr. Davis also informs us that the solar microscope has been re-arranged, and is now in good working order and ready for use. The classes of ' 02 have presented the school with a beau- tiful picture of the Canterbury Tales, which now gracefully adorns the north wall of the . ssembly Hall. The picture is a copy from the famous mural painting in the dining room of George Gould ' s home at Lakewood. New Jersey. Professor Chittendon, who was originaly employed by the Bureau of Ethnology, and who has made a life study of the Indians ' habits and customs, especially those of the northern Indians, gave an exhibition and lecture in our . ssembly Hall recently. Professor Chittendon ' s collection of Indian relics is very valuable and interesting. President Ivlwards. one of tlie oldest Xormal School men on the Coa st, visited us dnrinL;- the term and .L;ave an interest- nix and helpful address. Miss Bertha Conde, Secretary of the National Y. ' . C. .-V., talked to the students at one of the regular association meet- ings recently. Her talk was very helpful and inspiring, and much appreciated by all who heard it. Professor Seymour, formerly of the Science Department of the Chico State Normal, gave an address on " The Teacher ' s Life " in chapel recently. Professor Seymour also paid a visit lo the chemical laboratory while here. The chemical laboratory has been moved farther back on the school grounds, and a basement built underneath. That the central part of the building is still in an unstable condi- tion, however, is shown by the fact that when a heavy-weight like Gallup trips over the cement floor the laboratory mani- fests a strong tendency to topple down the side of the hill. So beware, all ye heavy-weights of the chemical laboratory, until matter s are improved. On June 6th the Capitola Echo service was held in room R. Several Stanford and Occidental girls were present and talked of the coming work to be done at Capitola. Professor Shepardson will spend his summer vacation in Arizona, doing institute work. Mrs. Smith of the Training School was granted leave of absence earlv in the term. Mrs. Pollans has taken cliargc of Mrs. Smith ' s classes in her absence. Miss Laughlin expects to do bookbinding at home this summer. FACULTY HITS. Miss R — ves: " Children are God ' s apostles day by day. Sent forth to preach of love, and hope, and peace. " ] Ii- Ch — ain : ' " Who sat nearest, by the words o ' ercome Slept first : the distant nodded at the luun. " Miss Br — au : " It is time I should change my state. " Dr. J — es : " He knits his brows and thinks; O, how he thinks ! " Miss M — ks: " Cherabim and Seraphim Tremble at her voice. " Mr. Mi — er: " A strange and wayward wight. Diminished in stature, in intellect his might. " ; Jr. Pi — ce : " And still they wondered and still the won- der grows. That one small head should know all he knows. " IDr. Sh — ts : " C) calm I ( ) newly shaved ! O, meditating deep on love ' s young dream. " Mr. Von — cr : ■ ' For I am a man you don ' t meet every day. " " Puts on his pretty looks. Speaks his words. " f% Miss Moore ' s 1 .etter f%f) Dear All of nu: What with Traininjj School joys. Ex- ponent anxieties and commencement excitement, you will not have mucli int erest, I am afraid, in the doings and surround- ings of one who is three thousand miles away. But even that distance does not prevent the reflection of the blaze of fflory of the class of 1902, and I hope I may shine by its light. " I came, 1 saw " — my regard for truth w ' ill not permit mc to quote any further. The coming was very doleful, but the seeing has been a constant joy. T am convinced that I never felt half sympathetic enough with homesick students. . s I wandered hopelessly about the corridors of the library or across the campus, not knowing one face among the hundreds. I was conscience-stricken. Each evening I betook me to the river, where I watched the sun set behind the Jersey hills. Its reflection on the broad Hudson recalled Berkeley and the GoUKmi Gate, and my thoughts turned westward with a great vearning. But hard work is an excellent antidote for home- sickness, as you know, and before long I found myself in the middle of the stream when I nuist swim or sink. Columbia is. 1 believe, the only great university lucated directly in the midst of a large city, and it lo. ;es and gains thereby, so the Italancc is about even. There is not the same college spirit as at Harvard or Yale, but there is a breadtli and many-sidedness not found in men having less variety of interests. The buildings and grounds cover twenty-three acres on Morningside Heights, where the battle of Harlem was fought. The lil)rary occupies the center of the campus — a magnificent building in the Greek style of architecture. The facade bears the following impressive inscription : " Kings College. Founded in the Province of New York by Royal Charter in the reign of George H. Perpetuated as Columbia College by the People of the State of New York when they become Free and Independent. Maintained and Cher- ished from Generation to Generation for the .Advancement of the Public Good and the Glory of Almighty God. " Columbia is not a co-educational college, and the at- titude of under-graduates to women students is very amusing. The presence of femininity in the library and on the campus is deejily resented, but when the authorities announced that the swimming tank would be reserved for women on certain evenings, the men ' s ire knew no bounds. Mass meet- ings were held, petitions of remonstrance were circulated, and the college organ, the Columbia Spectator, danced a war dance with incoherent yells and whoops. The authorities were im- movable, and the young women swam and splashed and dived in the sacred pool. This year has been one of unusual interest, because of the installation of a new President. The scene on inauguration day will remain in the memory a lifetime. The public was ex- cluded from the surrounding streets, and admission to the campus was only by invitation. The students lined up to view the procession from the library to the gymnasium. First came a detachment of United States cavalry, President Roose- velt ' s cruard. Thev were handsomely dressed in pale blue and .-old and marched proudly and with severe dignity, but they Tost their equanimity, and laughed outright when the boys whistled " There She Goes. Sweet as a Rose. " Then followed the academic procession, in which was. represented nearly every college in the United States and many foreign univer- sities Such a picturesque sight can scarcely be imagined. The Chinese ambassador was the most plainly dressed man there with one exception. There was Oxford scarlet. Heidel- bero- red. black and white. Harvard crimson, Princeton orange ancf black. Yale blue, ecclesiastical purple, and every other color and conceivable combination. Last of all, dressed in plain black and walking alone, came the President of the L nited States. There are a great many California students here, who are known bv theiV hearty handshakes and healthy color. We recently held a reception for Prof, and Mrs. Brown of Berke- ley. A number of distinglished Californians were present, among them Mr. Edwin Markham, the poet. Stanford was represented by Prof, and Mrs. Cubberley, and San Diego Nor- mal by Mr. and Mrs. Banks. Tlie temptation to do sight-seing is too strong to be re- sisted and though I have often yielded, there is much yet to be seen. The parks have the strongest attraction for me. When the snow lay on the ground, the driveways were thronged with sleighs. It thrilled me with delight to see the fine horses and handsome turnouts, and to hear the merry bells. Some of them were entirely in white — horses, sleigh, furs and costumes ; others were in red or Russian style. A few weeks ago I went automobiling through the park, and decided summer time was best, after all. During the month of May certain portions are set aside for children ' s parties. Thousands of little ones from the East Side were playing, shouting, rolling on the grass, dancing about May poles, and having the time of their lives. They are in charge of teachers and colle,ge settlement workers, who are responsi- ble for them, but sixty-five were reported lost in one day — such is the exuberance of their spirits. One must spend a winter in the East to feel the joy of spring. The first warm days, the slow unfolding of the tender ereen leaves, the coming of the robin, the finding of the trail- ing arbutus — all these make the sap creep up in one ' s veins, and flood the soul with happiness. Even city life does not prevent such experience of pleasure ; what must it be in the country ! I went across the ferry yesterday to Xew Jersey, and found everything " knee-deep in June. " A ten minutes ' ride takes one into the woods, shady and thick with under- brush, where W ' ith a book as companion, one can pass many a happy hour. But these beautiful days are harbingers of a less happy season, when New York is intolerably hot. I have been wish- ing to experience one warm day and to see one New Jersey mosquito. A man has promised to take a bird-cage across the river and secure the mosquito, and we have had one or two days when the horses wore large, broad brimmed straw- hats. A queer sight it is, but the fashion is a great blessing. The crown of the hat contains a wet sponge, which rests on the horses ' head just back of the ears. A great saving of horses " lives has been accomplished in this way. If Los Angeles were a few thousand miles nearer, I should certainly be present at your graduation. I extend my heartiest congratulations to each and all of you. and may God bless vou. Henrietta E. Moore. (ieoffrfy Morgan, V Burt CanitT, Vt ' it-- Prcs. Stanley Howlaiul, .S " .v r. Orvilk Howland. Trrat. Victor Anclwr-iini. Y. M. C. A. and its WorK i lie average yoiinjj man. upon enterinij college, is lieset with difficulties and teni])tations with wliich ht was unac- quainted before. He is. in most cases, oblisfed to leave his own home, and in conse(|uence many of its ties are broken. He is a stransjer in a strange land, thrown upon his own re- sources, and obliged to shift for himself. He is separated from his home church, where he has been brouijht up " stead- fast in the faith, " and too often is backward or ne.gligent about identifying himself with a new one. If he has not before been a church member, his condition is just so much the worse. In short, he is surrounded with many eviU ami temptations. d very few agencies for his moral good. It is to combat and overcome these evils that the oung Men ' s Christian .Vssociation is organized and maintained. It aims, with its devotional meetings, its Bible classes, its social work, and all its otlier agencies, to so influence the young m n of our colleges toward all that is noble, honest and upright, as to leave them no opportunity nor inclination to devote them- selves to any (|uestionahle forms of occuiiation. It aims " to jR-rsuade young men to surrender their lives to lesus Christ, and to accept his leadership in all things. " The Y. M. C. . . in the Normal has just finished a suc- cessful term ' s work. In some ways it has been more success- ful than any hitherto. A more general interest has been main- tained, more men have been ])resent at the devotional nieet- iu ' i ' s, and have enrolled themselves in Hible classes, than for several years past. Some details of the work are as follows : The membershiii list includes all but two of the men in the school. Devotional meetings have been held on the first and third Fridays of each month, consisting of song and prayer, and an address on sonio plain, practical topic by one of the mem- bers or by some man from a neighboring college. The average attendance has l)een about fifteen. Two Bible classes have been conducted ; the first, studying the Life of Christ, under the leadership of Mr. Morgan, has had an average attendance of six. The second, vvliich is study- ing the Acts and Epistles, under the leadership of Mr. .Ander- son, has had an average attendance of five. These Bible classes are one of the most important branches of the association work. The men who join them undertake to spend twenty minutes in the study of the Bible each day. and thus they lay a sure foundation for the upbuilding of character. Every Wednesday noon a joint meeting is held with the Y. M. C. A. at which the number of men varies from six to ten. A quartette has been organized which sings at the Friday afternoon meetings. It is composed of Messrs. Brown, Mor- " ■an. Schweitzer and Stayton. A financial system has been inaugurated this term. The finance committee prepared a budget for the year ' s expenses, which was adopted, and will be met bv regular monthly pledges by the members. The association was only able to send one delegate to the Pacific Grove Conference, last January, but hopes to send at least two next year. It is very necessar ' to do this in order to keep in touch with the latest C. . . methods, and also to train leaders for the year ' s work. Successful social work has been carried on. consisting of " spreads, " receptions, and socials. A big " post-exam, feed " will be given on the last day of school, to which all male mem- bers of the faculty aiid all fellows in school will be invited. Altogether the work done has been satisfactory. The association has not yet secured a room, but is in the hope of obtaining one before long. With better organization, more energetic workers, and high ideals to strive after, the Y. M. C. A. hopes, in the providence, of God. to become a still more potent force, working for the salvation of men. Geoffrey F. Morg. n. He Lives Long WKo Lives Well Wouldst thou live long? The only means are these — " Hove Galen ' s diet, or Hippocrates ' strive to live well; tread in the upright ways. And rather count thy actions than thy days: Then thou hast lived enough amongst us here, i or every day well spent I count a year. Live well, and then, how soon soe ' er thou die. Thou art of age to claim eternity. But he that outlives Nester, and appears To have passed the date of gray Methuselah ' s years, If he his life to sloth and sin doth give, I sav he onlv was — he did not Ihe. Marie Vi(lnc Edilh Graves Bessie Travis Mabel Parker Y. W. C. A. Notes The True Measure of Life W ' c live in deeds, not years ; in thought, not breath ; In feelincfs, not in figures on the (hal. W ' c .should count time liv heart-throbs when they beat For God, for man, for duty. He most lives Who thinks most, feels noblest, acts best. Life is but a means unto an end — that end, I ' eginninjj, mean, and end to all things, God. The year now drawing to a close has been a splendid year in ' .be ' S ' oung Women ' s Christian Association. The year has be n a busy one. with more opportunities than ever for use- fulness, and with a number of new problems to be solved. On the other hand, there have been more willing and enthu- siastic workers, than ever before. siastic workers, more encouragements, and more successes To make the new students feel their welcome is the first work of the year. Accordingly, the first week of school. As- sociation girls were on hand, from the front door to the Y. W. C. A. room, ready with a sincere welcome and willing assistance. Many new students called at the Y. W. C. A. room, where they registered and made new friends. In connection with the Y. M. C. A., a very successful re- ception was given to the new students, on September 12. -A good program was given, which was followed by a pleasant social time and refreshments. Miss 1 li-k ' ii K. Stafford, thu ncwlv appointed Y. W. C. A. Coast Secretary, was with us September iS. We found lier thoroutjhiy up-to-date, practical, and, conseciuently. very helpful. Her charmintr personality, her sjenuine sympathy and interest, won her many friends among our girls. The V. W. C A. convention of Southern California was held in the First M. E. Church of this city, on ( )ctol)er i8. 19. 20. It was a very successful convention, and our As- sociation received a great impetus for its future work. The Y. W. C. A. gave a Hallowe ' en party at the home of Miss W ' idney. November 2. The house was beautifully dec- ocated with flowers and greens. A large number were present to enjoy the good time prepared for them. The afternoon was spent with music and games, after which, Hallowe ' en refreshments were served, On February 7 a reception was given in the Assembly Hall. There were but few entering students, but the old stu- dents were there to welcome them and get acquainted. . still more enthusiastic welcome was given them a few days later, by the Y. W. C. A, cabinet, in the form of a spread in the Y. " . C. . . room. It was indeed a jolly crowd of girl ' that gathered about that tempting table. The fun was in- creased by the very a|)]iropriate toasts that were given. To replenish our treasury, the .Association served lunch — one day to the members of the Faculty, one day to students. Literally, a rushing business was done, and the financial re- turns were entirely satisfactory. Miss Edith Craves represented our Association at the Y. W. C. A. conference, held at Capitola. May 17 to z ' . We have great faith in our delegate ' s aliility and faithfulness, and believe that the work of next year will be much more satis- factory by reason of what she will bring from the conference to us. The devotional meetings throughout the year have been unusually good. One of our very best was led by Miss Conde, of Berkeley, at which there was a large attendance. Miss Conde has a beautiful, winning way, and her talk on the Beautitudes was a help and an inspiration. The officers for the year were: IMiss Grace Gill (ist half). Miss ]Marie Widncy (2nd half). President: Miss Edith Graves, icc President : Miss Bessie Travis, Recording Sec- retary ; Miss Mary Lipe, Corresponding Secretary ; Miss Mabel Parker, Treasurer. The outlook for the coming year is very bright. We trust that the girls will rally to the support of the Y. W. C. . .. that it mav be a more potent influence in our school than ever be- fore. Its fii;ld of influence is very wide — much wider than has ever vet been covered. Let us work to make our .Asso- ciation an ideal one — one founded on liroad. true Christian principles : one that shall be the ever-ready champion of all that is worthy and true — all that tends to build up strong, true Christian womanliness. M.xrv Life. CooKin Department " We may live without |)Octry, music, aiul art ; We niav live withmit cmiscieiicc and live without heart : We may live without frieiKJs, we may live without books. Hut civilized man cannot live without (OoX-.v. " m L ' ( i KiN " . what a wealth of memories cluster about that simple word ! average man it means much, for does not his very existence depend U] on the act fies ? Now we niif ht re ranl this as an exaff e ' ration if we were not thoug htful but when we stop to consider we acknowledjje its truth. Therefore it is eminentl that in such a proffressive place of learninj; as the I.,os Anfjeles State Normal there should be established, along with other branches of useful knowledge, a cooking depart- ment. The personnel of the school also adds weight to the argument, for it is fast becoming a " select school for young ladies. " and surely such training is very necessary and acceptable, in this age when a girl not only should be versed in the sci- ences and " ologies, but nnist understand the art of home-keeping as well. No longer, be- cause we are " ignorant school teachers, " can it be said that we do not know how to cook a meal or set a table. We think that we have reason to be proud of our cooking department. In the first place we have competent teachers who make the work as practical and use- ful as possible. Not a dish is taught or any instruction given that is not for every day use. Then the well arranged, commo- dious quarters in the new annex are cer- tainly a delight to the eye, and we almost envy the next classes, who will have the privilege of using them. There will be an inviting lunch-room in he new apartments where lunches will be served to the stu- dents at a very moderate cost. We exjx ct our Alma Mater to soon become so famous in this resjject as to eclipse the reputation of down- town restaurants, so that even members of our faculty will no longer have to " wend their weary ways " down the hill each noon- time, but may spend that hour in peace and rest within the Normal halls. To the it sif;ni- IR ' rsons. y fitting School. The Alphabet As " We " Learned It. A is for Adam who was our forefather, P) is for Butler who is a pole vaulter. C is for Chandler wdio is a high jumper, D is for Dicky who rode in a humper. E is for Ethel who has " sweet " anihition, F is for Flora who did all the dishin ' . G is for Goodrich who brought a black cake. H is for Helen wdio needed a rake. I is for Ivan, known as a runner, J is for Jane, to some a new comer. K is for " Kar fair, " dear to the squinter, L is for Luke, our famous young sprinter. M is for Marie, the Chinaman chasing, N is for Normal, in which she learned racing, O is for Oranges, soon out of sight, P is for Peckham. whose playing was alright. Q is for " Queer things " we think of in rhymes, R is for Ruth, who is early sometimes. S is for " Sugar, " " Snakebite " and " Snooks, " T is for Tomahawk, read of in books. U is for Ugly things seen on the way, V is for Vinegar, needed all day. W is for " Wounded " who fell on the floor. X is the Unknown and very much more. Y is for Youngsters wdio learned how to yell, Z is the end of it. Now fare thee well. " I cannot love, you, ' an, " she sighed, As once I used to do. " " Bess ! " in sudden fear, I cried, " Your words cannot be true ! Have I ofifended ? In what way ? Do I deserve your scorn ? Just heavens ! curses on the day That I was ever born ! " " I cannot love you. Van, " she smiled, " The way I did before ; Because, you see, you silly child. I love you so much more. " -Ex. My First ScKool. Normal, with all its [lains and pleasures, its bright dreams and fjloomy realities, ended for me one rainy February niorn- inij in 1900. My ho]ies were lii.yfh, preeisely in inverse ratio to the sunshine in the sky. and when shortly afterward I j ot a telejjram suninioninjf me to a school in San Dicsjo county to " suh " for a sick woman. I most hopefull packed my trunk in six minutes and set forth for the small town, arrivinsj there at noon Sunday, dusty and travel-stained, to learn that my school was four and a half miles distant, over a road com- posed chiefly of sajje brush, cactus, ruts and barbed-wire fences. Indeed, my County Superintendent told me afterward that he tried to visit me but jjot mixed up in the barbed-wire fences and so lost his way. " Please put my name on your rejjister, for my intentions were good at any rate, " he said. Monday morning 1 arrived at my school bright and early and soon my future charges began to arrive. Nineteen chil- dren, five of them white, the others " dusky children of the sun, " had assembled and were peeking in at the door when I rang the nine o ' clock bell. In they filed and I. remeinber- ing my school economy, said. " Let us open school by singing . merica. ' " We did or rather T did, for T opened my first scliool with a solo. Not one of those nineteen would open their mouths. Later, I gave exercises for lightening the voice. ()f these I had plenty but oh! for some exercises to produce voice when voice there is none. However, I persisted, teach- ing all the rote songs I knew and even ventured on Thanks- giving time to try the " Pilgrim Fathers, " and it was rendered as a solo. My walls were l)are when I went there, but with a little time and money I made maps, mounted a number of pictures of famous men and women sent out by our large dailies and interested the children in bringing in things from nature until our room was a cheerful, cosy place. Indeed, my County Super- intendent, on one of his rare visits, said on looking around the room, " I know a Normal graduate is here. These are the ear- marks. " Did you ever see children who did not care to play? Mine didn ' t. .All they cared to do was to dance on the top of a large cistern we had in the yard. Many a noon the larger girls would beg me to let them put my spelling on the board so that I might come out and sing for them while they danced. " Phvsical exercise? " you say. " Yes. and in the open air, too. " - Somewhere up in Room L I have heard that the country school teacher may be called upon to figure up lumber bills. And. mv dear unsophisticated Nomialite, it ' s " no dream. " Last fall 1 (lelcriiiiiu-il ilial 1 niiisl have a liarn to kcup my l)U,tr,t;y and Ikh ' sc in. M trustL-cs told nic that if F would make the plans. hii ' the carpenter, and advance the money to pay for it. the barn was mine. This I did and for that tjood deed my sncccssiir shnuld rise up and call me blessed. Then, too, I have been census marshal and my trials among a jieople where only two families can speak English, can better be imagined than tlescribed. In despair I went, on the advice of line old white-headed .Mexican, to the Justice of the Peace ■ ' who had married one of the family, " and he gave me a full and complete history of the section. Pleasant are my memories, however, of my first school, anil forever dear to me that little wind-blown schoolhouse. MY WATERLOO. I ' ve information vegetable, animal and mineral. 1 ku ' iw the kings of Englatid and I quote the flights historical Im-oiu .Marathon to ' aterloo, in order categorical. I ' m ver well acquainted, ton, with matters mathematical, I understand c(|uations, both simple and quadratical. About binomal theorem Fm teeming with a lot of news. With manv cheerful facts about the squ are ou the li_ po:- enuse. I ' m verv good at integral and diiTerential calculus, I know the scientific names of beings animalculous. In short, as you gather. My accom])lishments are not few, I ' .ut 1 confess in matters inusical I ' ve met mv Waterloo! Boo hoo! H. E. M. By tlie appellation " Acres " we know this man. We dare anyone to " cover " ground as Ivan can. Normal Students ' Picnic. On May 3ii t some piddy Normal students hied themselves to the country for an outing. They rose at an early hour of the morning and hoarded a train for X crdugo Park. Some of the party were waiting for that awful 7 o ' clock train at 6:15 a. m. anil were very much excited because the others did not arrive until 6:58. When ' erdugo was reached, these giddy Xormalites amuse l themselves hy dancing, racing, eat- ing, etc. . jioor lone Chinaman was found who was not anxious to have his " pictur " took, " and was consequently chased around the park hy girls and hoys until he finally hid his face in shame at the side of the pavilion. . t lunch time . all were nungry and ate accordingly. After lunch time some were sick and looked accordingly. . t 6 p. m. all were tired (except Mr. Chandler and .Miss W ' idney ) and took the train to the " City of the . ngels. " where several still live to tell the tale of Our Stick, . Hammock Monopoly, etc. For informa- tion inquire of any of the following : Mrs. L. Peckham. Misses Chandler, Rosenthal, Prescott. Cohler, M. W ' idney and Good- rich; Messrs. Chandler. Ronan, P.all. dallup, Butler and Rid- dell. You can drive your horse to water Piut you cannot make him drink : You may ride your little pony But you cannot make him think. — Ex. TKe Origin of tKe Indian Paint BrusK Once upon a time, there dwelt in a secluded recess of the Rockv Mountains, a small tribe of Navajo Indians. Civili- zation had not yet reached this remote part of the world to disturb their free and savage life. They were secure in their mountain home from the interference of other tribes ; but they had by no means lost their love for war and bloodshed. They were feared by all the surrounding tribes, because the voung braves were exceedingly fierce. Every year the war- rious were led forth by their chief. Mishenahma, to ravage fertile valleys or to join another tribe in battle against a common enemy. In the tribe there was a young man, Pau-Puk-Keewis, straight, and tall, and handsome. He had a swarthy com- plexion, and large dark eyes, which glowed like coals of fire with the intensity of his nature. Strange to say. this young man was not a warrior : he did not care for fighting and liloodshed. Pau-Puk-Keewis made baskets and pottery, and wove bright colored blankets. No one in the tribe could do this work better than he. He was fond of ' the pottery work ; he made vessels of all shapes and sizes, and on them painted Hnwers. birds, and many beautiful designs. Pau-Puk-Keewis had not a great variety of colors — only dull red, brown, yel- low, and black : hut willi tliesc he obtained such wonderful results that noted l)ravos, when about to start on the war j ath, cainc tu him Ui have strani;e (ksii;iis painU ' d on their faces and arms. I ' aii-l ' iik-Keewis loved the chief ' s (hut.y;lner. Meshinauwa, an Indian maiden excellinji: all others in beauty of form and face. Her tresses were as jjlossy as the raven ' s plumage; and skies and trees were mirrored in the dark, li(|uid deptlis of her eyes. Meshinauwa, too, did not love the war cry, but she was well pleased with the occupation of Pau-l ' uk-Keewis ; and she often stole fnmi her father ' s wigwam to watch Pau-Fuk- Keewis as he sat beneath a towering pine, before the door of his lonely wigwam, molding, weaving, and painting. The old chief, Mishenahma, did not ajjprove of this ; he had refused to give his daughter to Pau-Puk-Keewis because lie was not a warrior. Many limes the patient artist had pleaded for the maiden, and many times .Meshinauwa had, with weeping, implored her father to let them wed. Still the old chief was firm, unmovable. So these two lovers, as they sat together while he skill- fully used his brush, often talked of their great disappoint- ment. One day when the last snows we re melting from the moinitains, Pau-l ' uk-Keewis determined to try once more to persuade the stony-hearted chief. He left his work and went to the wigwam of Mishenahma. There he prostrated him- Sfelf at the feet of the stern chief and humbly, fervently, lileaded for the hand of Meshinauwa. .Mishenahma was tired of the persistence of the lovers, and formed a plan to get rid of Pau-Puk-Keewis. The braves of the tribe were prepar- ing to war against a powerful tribe of Zunis, who had wan- dered from the south, and who were encroaching on the ter- ritory oi -Mishenahma. ' I ' he braves always ])ainted their faces in bright colors when arraying for battle : and there was a certain tint of scarlet which, if they could obtain it, would make them prevail against their adversaries. I ' ut this paint was exceedingly hard to gel. Mishenahma determined to send Pau-Puk-Keewis in quest of this paint, promising that, if he returned with it before the braves went on the war path, he should be rewarded with the ])rize he most coveted. The old chief hoped that Pau-Puk-Keewis would lose his life in attempting to find the coveted color. Pau-Puk-Keewis turned away sorrowing, I ' ur he knew how improbable it was that he should ever find the paint. When he told Meshinauwa, she. too, was sorrowful until she thought of Megissogiwon, the magician, whom she had known from her childhood. He. perhaps, wtiuld know where Uic treasured color could be found. I ' au-Puk-Keewis put aside his loved work, and, guided by Meshinauwa, went to the wig- wam of Megissogiwon, which was in a deep cavern alxjut a mile from the main settlement. On arriving at the mouth of the cavern, Meshinauwa gave Pau-Puk-Keewis a ring of solid turquoise, which Megisso- giwon had given her, that by this token the magician might know that Pau-Puk-Keewis was a friend of hers and deal kindly with him. Then Meshinauwa bade Pau-l ' uk-Keewis good-bye, for she did not know whether she would ever again see him. She then returned to her fathers wigwam, leaving Pau- I ' uk-Koevvis to iiu ' ct the magician alone. Pau-Puk-Keewis entered tlie wigwam and found Me g ' issogiwon seated on the earthen tloor. He was an old wrinkled man; his braids were fjray and wound with black strings, in place of the bright scar- let ones worn by the braves. He wore very little clothing, excepting a large Navajo blanket of somber colors and a pair of moccasins of raw-hide, worked in designs with black beads. His arms and shoulders were tattooed with weird designs of snakes, goblins, skulls, and fantastic, wide-mouthed monsters. Megissogiwon greeted our hero almost fiercely, for he liked not to be intruded upon in his secluded habitation ; but when he saw the ring of Meshinauwa he became more hospitable, and asked what had brought Pau-I ' uk-Keewis to his isolated dwelling. Pau-Puk-Keewis told him that the good chief, .Mishenahma, had sent him to find the priceless scarlet paint, and that he had come to ask his magic aid in finding it. Meg- issogiwon shook his head ; he told the young man that many had perished in that quest. Nevertheless, he would tell Pau- Puk-Keewis where it could be found. And this is what the magician told : " Many years ago the great god, Gitche Manito, was very wroth wath the forefathers of this tribe, and threatened them with many calamities and pestilences. There then lived a voung brave, Waywassimo, son of the chief, who loved his people, and who was loved by the great god, Gitche Manito, more than all people. Waywassimo left his father ' s wigwam and went to a very high peak far to the north of the settle- ment. Never before had mortal man scaled this lofty peak, for there was but one place where it was accessible, and that only through many hardships and dangers. Waywas- simo was strong and lirave, however, and after many days he succeeded in reaching the top. There he built a large stone monument to Gitche Manito, and there prayed for the deliverance of his people. Gitche ' s wrath was appeased and the people freed from his vengeance. But Waywassimo per- ished on the lonely mountain. The winds covered his body with a mound of earth; and ever since, little springs of scar- let have bubliled from the mound. This was the much coveted scarlet that would make chiefs victorious ; however, if taken in a vessel it would dry up, but if brushes were dipped in it they would remain moist until the ne. t winter ' s snows were melting. " The magician finished his story. Pau-Puk-Keewis arose, and, going to his dwelling, filling a long strap of wampum braid with many brushes, secured it to his shoulder and started on foot to the far-off mountain. Time and space will not permit me to tell of his many hardships, toils, and dangers ; suffice it to say that, after many days. Pau-Puk-Keewis returned to the camp with -every brush dripping with the precious scarlet. The despised artist had accomplished what many a brave had failed in. Pau- Puk-Keewis had found the one accessible pass, had ascended the mountain and had dipped his brushes in the bubbling scarlet fountains ; he had made the descent, even more tedi- ous than the ascent, and had returned to the camp successful, though tired and worn. . s Pau-Puk-Keewis returned in the early twilight one evening, he found his sweetheart sitting near his wigwam, and together they rejoiced. Their ri-joiciiiij ' was nut for loiij;. however, for Pau-Puk- Kee is liad hecn Sfen hy an Indian lad as he entered the set- tlement, and the minor of liis return soon reached the old chief. He renienihered his promise, but (hd not wisli to keep it, and he soon started |)lans to capture the precious brushes and slay I ' au-i ' uk-Keewis. Meshinauwa. Roing to her father ' s wisfwam to jj et food for I ' au-l ' uk-Keewis. soon discovered the treacliery. and hastened liack to her lover to give the dread- ful warning. Pau-l ' uk-Kecwis was no longer to be cheated of his |)rize. lie seized a fiery little Indian pony that was grazing near hy, and mounting quickly, placed Meshinauwa before him : then off they galloped over the prairie and moun- tains. .Ml through the night they rode, and the wampum strap floated back over his shoulder in the wind ; the treasured brushes, drijiping with scarlet, were scattered here and there among the rocks of the hilLs. To the land of the sunshine the lovers fled, and never returned to their home among the Rockies. But each spring Pau-Puk-Keewis ' scarlet brushes bloom on the side of the mountains, seldom two in a place, hut scattered here and there as they dropped from the wam- pum of the painter. . nd it was thus the little plant was and is known as Indian Paint-brush. Gr. ce C. Barton, Jun. . . E.n Route to Capitola The train started out on time with a crowd of the merriest coliei e girls and boys imaginable. The boys from the Uni- versity of Southern California and Occidental College came down " to see the girls off. " as they expressed it. For a few minutes the passengers were pleasantly amused by the college spirit, whicii developed among tlie two " roups of students. The l)oys of the I ' niversity of Soutlurn California were very proud of their girls and tlunr college; and, of course, the Occi- dfntal bovs shared the same convictions. From the force of the college veils, which issued forth like cannon balls, it seemed as though the honor and dignity of each college was hanging in the balance until the shouting of the yells should decide the case. The first yell was given by the V. S. C. boys, and the Occidental boys answered it with a roar that would have done credit to a hundred voices; and thus things continued for several minutes. When the yells were exhausted, the boys of both insti- tutions wanted to show their appreciation of and ardent admi- ration for the lovely maiils who were going from their midst ; and .so. with a fellow-feeling of the kindest sort, and in strik- ing contrast to the spirit manifested only a few seconds ago. they began to sing in a subdued tone, " Good-by Ladies, " as tlimii ii tlic skirls were startiiis; on a vcrv loiitj and perilous journey. After this song was pathetically finished, the boys prepared to take their departure. Rut before they said the last partinjj word, twenty-one hearty handshakes and as many more comical injunctions had passed between the girls anrl tlie boys. Although the last feature of this delightful good-by scene was the most picturesque, it was very brief. The bovs had ridden from Arcade station to River station, and now time compelled them to leave. They filed out of the car and were assembled on the platform: the .girls were on the platform of the car and at the windows : both girls and boys vigorously w-aved the college pennants, and " black and gold, " " red and yellow. " fluttered in the early morning breeze. The next few minutes were occupied with a very lively discussion of the preceding incidents: but after the discus- sion had ceased and each delegation had comfortably settled itself in the car. the Occidental girls artistically decorated their corner of the car in black and cold bunting, and placed the elegant satin bann; ' r of the same colors in a prominent |)lace. Then a messenger was disi)atched to the U. S. C. and the Pomona delegation ' s headquarters on the train to say that Occidental and Xormal would be " at home ' " to them at Ven- tura. In a few seconds the two delegations had arrived. .After the greetings were exchanged, and the decorations admired, the guests were served with tempting cookies and delicious punch. The punch-bowl was iminense and very unique. The glistening fluid could be freely enjoyed by simplv turn- ing the silver faucet of the strange, new ]iunch-bowl. Extrav- agant indulgence called forth no fear of the after results, as the punch in this case was pure and wholesome cold w ' ater, which was disguised under the appellation of ice-cold punch, served in the latest style. The delegations took turns in issuing " at home cards ' ' : and thus successive receptions, with each time an original feature added, made the time fairly speed away. When we rolled into Capitola, at 10:15 p. m., we all agreed that we had passed an exceedingly pleasant and enjoyable day. t.1 ALUMNI. Wlien a student of any school jj-raduates tliercfrom lie cannot at once sever all connection with it. I Ic is hound to it hv memories and hahits somewhat as a man is hound to the home of his childhood : so that no matter how far he may .Sfo or how lonji ' a time he may he ahsent. still tlie associations whicli he formed there influence him. .And as it is natural for those wlio have like interest to be drawn more or less together, so in almost every school is formed an association of people who. havinjj passed on from the actual scholastic work, nevertheless feel this connection with their . lma ater. Especially should this he true in a State normal school where each student is supposed to return to the State a certain amount of work to cancel the ohlii.jation incurred in receiving this particular kind of education. Now as teachers are a very important element of society and any stej) which tends to raise their standard helps indirectly to improve the whole State, so one of the most important ways by which the mem- bers of a Normal alumni can repay their debt to the State is to better the conditions surrounding and influencing the under- graduates, wlio make the teachers of the future. No student leanis wholly or even mainly from I ooks, but far more from the people he meets, the sights and sounds a round him, the work he has to do. These thinj s, which he makes no effort to assimilate, are what most affect and mold his character. . nd it is these things or the influence of these things which he will give out to his pupils even more than tile know U (li;c within bin) which it is his purpi se to teach. Therefore the environment of a Normal student should if pos- sible be as carefully considered and planned for as the course of study he follows. His surroundings should he comfortable and pleasant, lie should lie required to rest and play for a certain part of the twenty-four hours. . nd his happiness should be considered as of equal importance with his mathe- matics. This cannot be done unless the home life and the school life be closely associated. Of course this is not always necessary nor possible in the cases of those who live in their own homes ; but there are always many boarders among the students who overw ork themselves, or do not take proper care of themselves, who live unhygienically, and who would be far better off if they were under the direct care of some one wnser than themselves. This desired result is often obtained through dormitories, each one small enough to he pleasant, where sanitary and hygienic conditions prevail and regular hours of rest and recreation are enforced. These are in most instances self- supporting and good board and lodging are secured at as low a rate as can be obtained anywhere else. This, then — the establishing of dormitories, good homes for the students — would be legitimate work for the alumni of the Los Angeles Normal to undertake. The provisions for the welfare of the students out of school hours are at present necessarily inadequate. It is impossible and will always be impossible to supervise thoroughly so many people, scattered as thev are now and with no certain method of regulating the minimum cost of their living or the number of hours spent in actual work. Dormitories have been established at many normal schools throughout the United States and are being operated with great success. There is much nc d for such a step here. Ihe Alumni Association has heretofore lacked that sense of unity necessary to undertake such a work. 1 make this statement, quite plainly, because each member of the school looks forward to Ijecoming a member of the a ' .nmni some day and should enter the association with full knowledge of the possibilities and the difficulties of the situation. ()ne-half of the world is crushed by the burdens which the other half lays down. Let each one of us try, in so far as we can, to bring the alumni into a closer relation with the school and the under-graduates, and by so doing to shoulder part of the responsibilities which are only our fair share of the world ' s work. Nora Sterry, Sec. L. A. S. N. Alumni Association. The annual meeting of the L. A. S. N. S. Alumni Asso- ciation will he held in the Normal School building on the 1st and 2nd of July; the first session on July ist at 2 p. m. ; the second session (including the business meeting) on July 2nd at 9:30 a. m. ; the third session (the annual banquet) on July 2nd at 6:30 p. m. Arrangements have been made to secure prominent speakers from abroad. The Southern California and the Southern Pacific railroads have granted rates of one fare and one-third for the round trip from all points on both lines ; tickets to be good from the 15th of June to the 5th of July. Banquet tickets, one dollar ($1.00). .All persons desiring to attend the banquet must notify the secretary before the 20th of June. Address (Miss) Nora J. Sterry, Secretary. Out of the dim ages of the past the earth has come Hying along her destined path hke a thing pursued. During no two moments of those countless aeons since she started on her endless course has she presented the same portion of her sur- face toward the sun. Rut the mutations of Mother Earth, inscrutable, versatile, inevitable as they are, are no more in- evitable, no more versatile, than the changes that come to those who dwell upon her bosom. Nation follows nation in ceaseless procession ; kingdoms " rise and fall like the swell of the ocean ; that which is history to our people is fable to the generations that follow. But if such changes come to humanity in the aggregate, surely the several units that compose this whole must also be affected, each in its own way, according to the peculiarities of its own nature : and ])crhaps. after all, ' tis well tliere are bends in the path we follow, for if life were all one dead level the monotony of the years would become weariness indeed. We, the class who publish this inmibcr of the Exponent, have now come to one of these turns in the way. What lies ])eyond none can tell ; for the future Ix-longs to God. Tomorrows, however, are made of todays ; therefore it is left to us whether our coming years shall be years of industry and happiness, or years of indolence and woe. If we neglect not the little things of life, but are faithful in performing the duties of today; if with uprightness of heart, with unwearied zeal, with courage that does not falter, we press toward a dctinite goal, a success- ful career, a ])eaceful future, must and will await us. It has ever been recognizi-d as of the last proper offices of departing spirits to make suitable provision for those left bc- liind. Mementos, redolent with association in past experi- ence, have ever been acknowledged as among the choicest of heirlooms. To those contemplating entrance to our Normal School we would suggest that they spend all unoccupied moments in cultivating assiduously all traces of tendency toward industry, punctuality, general being-alive-at-all-points : " sustain " all recitations that fall to your lot ; if not proficient, practice tone perception and rhythmics : accustom your eyes to generous red ink on margins of all English papers. And. MirldkTS all. to you we say, keep in mind the Train- inijf School ; think of your thesis each leisure moment ; reflect u|)on what you wisli you had learned earlier. Finally, to those immediately in succession, the Class of Fehruary, 1903. to you we bequeath, to you and to your heirs forever, a share in the joys and sorrows, the defeats and tri- umphs, the ups and downs, that, time out of mind, have con- stituted a Normal Course. To every citizen of Senior B, to every several man and maid of the Winter Class, we be- queath : 1. One walk, well trod, from D to Y thence on below. 2. Plan hooks to the number 63. 3. From 27 to yy triumphs in the several arts of basketry. blanketrv. and f, ' eneral liandicraftrv. 4. On tap Maxims 63 ; warranted, if taken in sufficient doses just before recitation, to produce insomnia, stimulate spontaneous activity, and develop an interest in immediate en- vironment. And now, dear Alma Mater — our faithful godmother — we turn to vou who have guided our steps and ever watched tenderly o ' er us. How can we, in this day of our christening, forget those many ministrations of chastisement, which have l.een and will ever he wholesome disciplines, chastening powers eminently necessary in the development of all manly and womanlv virtues? In this hour of departure we cannot sufifi- cientlv thank you for the firm guidance, the generous help, the uplift and enthusiasm, your gift, our heritage, through the years to come. M- V. C. Adams. Mads c Downev Alk ' ii. lUanchc San Diego Ainsbury, Cassic yi S. Grand, Los Angeles Anderson, Jessie I 306 Oak St., Visalia r al)cock, Mary 1) 1948 S. Grand, Los Angeles I ' .all, C(ira Woodville r.arry. Carl X ' entura I ' .artk-U, Grace L 339 E. Holt. Pomona liifFer, Mary 919 W. Eiglueenth St., Los Angeles I ' ossuet, riiilona 522 . lvarado, Los Angeles I ' .rMwn. Kaloola i- ' i . . .Meiiinn. Pasadena lUilkr, Ilriiiison Downey Caldwell. Mattic 622 Stevenson . ve.. Los Angeles Chandler. Moses Tropico Christensen. Serena .Anaheim. Route I Curry. Kltha Xorwalk Davis, Ethel 285 E. Center St., Riverside Dcnlon, an 808 W. Seventeenth, Los . ngeles Dihvorth. Florence R 5622 Pasadena . ve., Los Angeles Dimmick. Carrie 1330 W. Thirty-first. Los Angeles f)oan, Ethel P 73-2 E. Twenty-seventh, Los Angeles Elmendor, Mae M 135 E. Twenty-eighth. Los Angeles I ' .vans. .Marie 929 S. I?road vay, Los .- ngclcs ImikHiv. Ivlna El Paso de Rohles Fleisdiner. Ivlliel 587 X. RaymoiKl. Pasadena Freeman. I- ' lhel 1)18 Aliso St., Los .Angeles Gallup, Luke Santa .Ana. Route 3 Graf, Louise P.anning Graham. Frances 313 W. Seventh, Los .Angeles Of)enendyke, Elizabeth. . .536 . . Hoylston .Ave., Los .Angeles Groshong, Millard 753 S. Hill, Los .Angeles " Harrison. Grace M jt t l- ' ii hth St, San fJernardino Hecht. .Alma 817 Beacon St.. Los .Angeles Hicko.x, Gail E Etiwanda Hill. Merton F, Garden Grove, Orange H olywell, l- ' iorence L...i5 7 W. ' i ' weiKy-second, Los .Angeles Johnson, Gretchen 153 .• Rockwood St.. Los .Angeles Jones. Mary Bolsa Reach. Minta 357 S. Frmiont .Ave., Los .Angeles Kellogg. Leda Pasadena Kent. Grace 1313 Connecticut St., Los .Angeles Kevane. Kate Long Beach Knappe, Bessie San Bernardino Leake. Xorman Long Pine Lijie. Mary 684 W. Thirty-sixth. Los .Angeles List. Frank Ontario Lyon. Sarah 1036 W. Twenty-third. Los .Angeles Machado. ' laria ( cean Park Miller, Therese Hollywood Moore. Stella 746 E. Eighth St., Los Angeles I ' atrick, Kathcrine Oskaloosa, Kansas rinne . vu B 17J9 S. Los .Angeles St., Los Angeles Rice, I aisy Camarillo, Ventura County Roberts, Anna, Mrs 11 17 Burlington Ave., Los Angeles Robinette, Mary 1662 W. Eleventh, Los Angeles Robin.son, Lucy 1 17 S. Olive, Los Angeles Rosenthal, Helen 1230 S. Main, Los Angeles Savage, Adah 11 65 V. Thirty-ninth, Los Angeles Sayre, Annesley 1040 E. Fiftieth, Los Angeles Schercr, Clara 1644 W. Jefferson, Los Angeles Schlegel, John University Sutton, Evelyn 422 W. Second, Los Angeles Sylva, Isabel Wilmington Van Winkle, Mae Toluca Washburn, Marion 1006 W. Twenty-first, Los Angeles Welch, Lauraine 917 S. Grand, Los Angeles Whelan, Nellie Santa Monica Whetsell, A Prospect Park Wickersham, Jessie 859 Summit Ave., Los Angeles Wright, Clara 936 W. Thirty-third, Los Angeles Workman, Mary 357 S. Boyle Ave., Los Angeles Yarnell, Limie 529 Wall St., Los Angeles In Durance Vile. Sittin ' in a lecture room — Beastly hot — Collar a- viltin ' . Don ' t care a lot What the prof ' s a-shnutin ' — Silly rot. Sun out doors a shinin ' . Birds a-singin ' , too — Grass looks green and temptin " . Skies a dreamy blue ; Apple blossoms floatin ' — Guess s]jring ' s here a few. See a girl a-noddin ' ; Fellows scuff the floor ; Wonder what the time is — Twenty minutes more ! Wish I had a soda — Mind to bolt the door! Can ' t keep eyes from blinkin ' - What ' s the shout? — Fellows all a-rushin ' — Lecture ' s out ! Guess I ain ' t dead willin ' ; Just about ! -Ex ©i© ?: ©: ?: ?:©: ?:©©: : ?: Here s to Normal m: ' Qmm ' Q: m :oMo:ot ©; ? ?:!©: : i©©:©to:©: d ' Q ©:©:© m ' Qmd Bm Oh, the days thai vvc j;o to Xoriiial Are lialcyon clays indeed, And the information we get here Will serve us in time of need. ' Tis here we learn hreatliini; and walkinij. In Room 1 and out in the (ivni. : In the lonjj hall we cease (?) tall in.t, Tn Room D our ideas fjrow dim. We learn what composes mountains. Antl when to use files, of course, We practice chromatics and minors L ' ntil our throats are hoarse. We study about the urchin That inhabits the briny sea ; lut the urchin of the traininij school Is the one that puzzles me. Approved by the Faculty Approved by Damo Fashion The " five steps of the recitation " We are tausjbt with much lalior and care. Rut the most valuable of all instruction Is the wav to comb our hair. M. S. J TKe Weaving of BasKets as a Part of School WorK. Piaskct-niaking and other lines of handwork have been in- tnukiccd into the First and Second Grades of the Training School during the past year. The work includes plaiting, the making of mats, picture frames, napkin rings, bags and the sim])ler forms of basket-making from raffia ; the weaving of rugs and cloth from worsted and cotton thread upon looms made in the Sloyd Department by the seventh year Training School children, and the making of whips, small hammocks, driving reins and knotted bags, is also a part of the work. Raffia, the material so largely used, is the cuticle of the leaf of a variety of palm, which grows in Madagascar and Africa. It reaches us in the commercial form of hanks, weighing from one and a half to three i)ounds. Florists use inferior grades for tying plants. It is readily dyed with either vegetable or aniline dves, but the former are to be preferred; the aniline dves give unsatisfactory color and fade quickly. The follow- ing vegetable or mineral dyes are easily obtained and used. Roil the leaves and stems of sumac in water; mix yellow ochre with the decoction to obtain a black dye. Logwood chips boiled in water produce a yellow brown. Rusty nails put into water will give yellow. The juice from the petals and roots of the wild purple iris will furnish a [nirple stain. Other kinds of dyes may l)e bought frcm dye houses and drug stores. Rattan, a fibre which comes from tropical . sia, and which is exceedingly strong and flexible, is extensively used in basket- making, but it is quite expensive. Beautiful and useful bas- kets can be made from materials gathered within the vicinity of any country school. In California and Arizona there are many fibres, roots of plants, palms and other materials suitable for basket-making; the flexible twigs of the different varieties of willow, the vear- old roots of sumac, fibres of yucca, the sedges and rushes which grow in marshy places, stems of maidenhair fern, corn husks, broom straws and many of the wild grasses afford materials which can be obtained by any one at very little cost or trouble. These natural materials can be gathered while green, and dried, thus being made available for school work throughout the year. The gathering and the preparation of these materials, fol- lowed by their use in basket-making, will greatly add to the knowledge and ap]3reciation on the part of the children of what the primitive peojile accomplished in basket-making and weav- ing. They will get a mucli better idea of the structure, the use and the commercial value of all fibre plants. There are two fundamental types of basketry. The one is that which is woven upon spokes ; the other consists of a con- tinuous coil, stitched together. Many varieties and combina- tions relating to form, color and pattern naturally arise, due to the intended use, the materials at hand and the environment of the maker. It is impossible to fully understand and appreciate all the benefits that will come to a child from this line of manual train- in . The constructive faculties, the imagination, the reason and t]ic artistic tempLTamcnt are stiimilated and developed. The following list of lx)oks will be sujjfjestive and helpful for those who intend to pursue this line of handwork : Among the Uasket-Makers (J. C. Carr) : Art of Indian ' asketry (C. S. llrown) ; { ' .asket-Makiny; (A. W. Anderson) : Cane Basket- Work (Annie Firth) ; How Indian I ' .askets Are Made ( H. W. Carpenter): How to Make Baskets (Mary White): Indian Basketry (Ci. W. James): X ' aried Occupations in Weaving (Louisa Walker): N ' aried Occupations in String Work (Louisa Walker) : Textile Art in Its Relation to the Devlop- ment of Form and Ornament ( W. II. Holmes), in the .- nnual .veport of Bureau of Ethnology. 1885: Woman ' s Share in Primitive Culture ( O. T. Mason): Art of Weaving (A. P. A maiden lady of mature years who objected to the us?e of tobacco seated herself in one the smoker ' s seats of a Minne- apolis street car one day recently, next to a gentleman who was enjoying a cigar. I ' .ut she no sooner got a whifF of smoke than she said: " If you were my husband, sir, I ' d give you a dose of poison. " The man, after lookin r at her a minute, quickly replied, " If I were your husliand, madam, I ' d take it. " . nd the look she gave him would liave frozen liquid air. — Ex. . l)urglar who liad entered a minister ' s house at night was disturbed by the awakening of the occupant of the room he was in. Drawing his knife he said: " If you stir, you ' re a dead man. I am hunting for money. " " Let me get up and srtrike a light. " said the minster, " and I ' ll hunt with vou. " — Ex. Xiblack), in . nnual Report of Sinithsonian Institution, 1888: I lankets of Xativc .American Cotton (G. P. Winship), in his Coronado Expedition, . nnual Report of ! urcau of Ethnologv. 1893: Color Schemes of Xorth . merican Indians ((i. Mai lery), in .Annual Report of Bureau of Ethnology, i88 : In- dian I lanketry (G. W. James), in Outing: Xavajo I ' .lankets (C. F. Lummis), in Land of Sunshine: Xavajo Dye Stuffs (W. Matthews), in .Annual Report Smithsonian Institution, 1891 : Origin of Inventions (O. T. Mason): Textiles and Looms ( R. Hitchcock), in Report on FcxkI arid Textiles, in United States Xational Museum, . mnial Report of Smith- sonian Institution, June. 1886. " ?.Iadame, are you a woman suffragist? " " Xo, sir; I haven ' t time to be. " " Haven ' t time? Well, if you had the privilege of voting, who would you support ? " " The same man I have sui)|)orted for the last ten years. " ■ ' .And who is that? " " My husband. " — Ex. " Xow, John, suppose I gave you two rabbits and another kind friend gave you one more, how many would yon b.ive " " John : " Four, sir. " Insiiector : " Xo, my boy, two and one don ' t make four. " John (tpiickly): " Please, sir, I ' ve got one old lo])-eareil un at home. " — Ex. Prof roiessiona 1. GeograpKy Department. The iiK ' iiihcrs of the English Department liave been labor- in,a: in weekly meetings all through the term : The results will present]}- appear in an arrangement of English work carefully adjusted to the new course of study, which takes the course for High School graduates as a basis and fits to it the first two years for Ninth Grade graduates. Although much changed in order, the purpose and material of the Eng- lish work as a whole will remain substantially the same. The Middle C ' s will doubtless rejoice to learn that instead of dig- ging for roots tliey are promised the delights of Shakespeare and other classics of English literature. That the committee ' s well known zeal for thoroughness has abated not one whit is attested by the new Drill-Card wliich will be ready for service in the hands of all students next fall. This Drill-Card contains a brief topical statement, numbered for exact reference, of the cardinal sins and virtues of English form — the points of punctuation and logic which consign by their neglect or observance either to the " Black List " or " Straight C. " It is to be used by all students in preparing all papers, and by all teachers in correcting them. The long-tried, weary splashers of the red ink hope earnestly that this contrivance will be conducive to unity throughout the English work — from Second G rade to thesis — and that it ivill by its abiding presence assist the students to form habits of accuracy and ease in expression. English Dept. The equipment of the Geographical lalioratory has been increased by the additon of two splendid relief maps of the State. These maps, which were made by students, are on a large scale and are very helpful in the study of the physical and life conditions of California. Several exercises have been added to the laboratory work Among these is one by means of which we determine the rel- ative amount of solar energy recived during each hour of sunlight and also the reason why the greatest heat is not registered at the time when the ma.ximum amount of heat is being received. PiV means of another, the circumference of the earth is measured. Miss Florence James (Junior A III) received a result of 25,333.89 miles. The stations selected were Pasa- dena and Petaluma. C. Wright, News Editor. History Department. Certain modifications have taken place in the History De- partment that tend to influence the students ' history work throughout the course. The purpose has been more definitely carried out this year than ever before, of making all branches of historv a source not only of information and culture but the means by which the student can gain the examples from the past as a guide and direction for the future. Greece, Rome and Mediaeval Europe have valuable les- sons to yield from the governmental, industrial and social standpoints, and it is an important part of the work of the student in liic Junior year to gather these for use in his own teaching. The modifications made this year in the Middle D course will be carried out in the future. Less time is given to the early English history and more to the great world movements which form a basis for the European history in the later Middle Ages and modern times. .Attention is given to the French Revolution and Napoleonic wars, that the important influence of this period on European and . merican development in the nineteenth century may be understocul by the student before he reaches his definite study nf L ' nited States history. C. Wright. Mr. D — ier: " A handful of mother-wit is worth a bushel of learning. " Mr. D — is: " Life is too important and too interesting to waste energy warring with mosquitoes. " Miss n — an : " Music is the universal language of man- kind. " Miss J — bs : " A contented spirit is the sweetness of ex- istence. " Mrs. H — rd : Salts her food with humor, seasons it with wit, and sprinkles it all over with the charm of good-fellow- ship. " Mr. II — on: " Not a single patch of thought I tread, but that it leads to God. " Miss H — th : " She is ever gay and scribblcth much. " Miss Dunn : " Silence is more eloquent than words. " Miss Se — an: " Should a damsel fair repine Though neglected like a vine? " Miss E — tt : " She was all conscience and tender heart. " Mrs. P — ce: " It ' s good to put a bother away over night. It all straightens out in the morning. " Want Ads. Wanted — To know if two budics can occupy the same space at the same time. — Butler Jones. Wanted — .V new girl. — Leake. Wanted — . barrel of red ink. — Miss Helmuth. Wanted — A Prince(ss) to love. — Merrill. Wanted — An up-to-date grammar. — Mrs. Ramum. Wanted — A girl my size. — Morgan. Wanted — Someone to visit my neighbor ' s hen-roost. — Pres. Pierce. Wanted — .A young man to Curry favor with a hand.some young lady. — Eltha. Wanted — . girl who can win my heart. — Butler. Wanted — . pair of knee-pads to alleviate undue vibra- tions. — Schlegel. Wanted — A boy to raise. — Travis. ' anted — Some kind, afTectionate, liberal-hearted girl to teach me to dance. — Denton. Wanted — . careful and experienced drayman to transport m girls. Must be a married man. — Mo. Chandler. ' anted — A girl Gooil ( and ) rich. Wanted — Something " we " don ' t have in Missouri. — Miss BiflFer. TKere are Women. There arc women who are comely. There are women who are homely — But be careful how the latter thing you say — There are women who are healthy. There are women ♦ho are wealthy. There are women who will always have their say. There are women who are truthful. There are women who are youthful. ( Was there ever any woman that was old ? ) ; There are women who are sainted. There are women who are painted. There arc women who are worth their weight in gold. There arc women who are slender. There are women who are tender. There are women very large and fat and red ; There are women who are married There are women who have tarried. There are women who are speechless — biil they ' re dead. —Ex. J Do look at my new dress. Isn " t it pretty? 1 got it at X. B. Blackstone ' s. 249-251 S. Spring. j» " Bridget, were you entertaining a man in the kitchen last ' evening? " " Will. mum. tlioi ' s f ' r him t ' say. Oi clone me best wid th " m ' terials at hand, mum. " — Ex. A Sad WeeK. The year had gl(x mily begun For Willie ' eeks, a i)oor man ' s Sun. He was beset with biil and dun. And he bad very little Mon. ' " This cash, " said he. " won " t ])ay my dues. I ' ve nothing here but ones and Tues. " . briglit thought struck him, and he said. " The rich Miss Coldrocks will I Wed. i!ut when he paid his court to her. She lisped, but firmly said, " No Thur. " " .•Mas, " said he, " then I must die, I ' m done; I ' ll drown — I ' ll burn — I ' ll Fri. " They found his gloves and coat and hat : The Coroner upon them Sat. If you wish to get good tea and coflfee, go to Richert and W ' estbrook. 130 West Fifth. jt " What ' s the matter with those who advertise in the Ex- ponent ? " " They ' re all right ! ! " " Who ' s all right? " " Those who advertise in the txponent ! ! ! " THE R ROWNSBERGER Home School of Bookkeeping, Shorthand and Typewriting rLocatcd on its own Beautiful Property- 953 955 957 WEST SEVENTH STREET, LOS ANGELES, CAL. A select school for the trainingf of Stenographers and Bookkeepers. A large corps of teachers. Average enrollment one hundred. Every pupil furnished a machine at his home free of charge. Usual college rates. The work includes a thorough course in bookkeeping, a thorough course in shorthand, a thorough course in office training, preparing for Civil Service work, preparing for Court Reporting, and furnishing every competent graduate a good position. Send for catalogue. J- Address, F. BROWNSBERGER, Principal. RUMBLINGS FROM THE TRAINING SCHOOL. Normal days are waning, Commencement ' s in the air ; Senior A ' s are gaining Information rare. From a B 7 girl we learn that the reason the Pilgrims came to America was the fear that their children would grow up Dutch. J For fancy arithmetic paper apply to . lma Hecht. Also to learn what smart little animals wasps are. Iler third graders know. Miss Rice (in i ' .i grade): " This word is lion. It ' s the name of a dog. Little John : " ' Taint neither. She was our teacher " This is a first grade composition on Fiesta, the entire work without ahridgement. " A man I saw was driving with his toes. " J Mr. Butler has come to the aid of the critic teachers who feel that the Seniors ' memory is in sore need of development. He proposes to organize a memonics class from each mem- ber of which he will borrow five dollars. Those whose mem- ories are exceedingly poor are the most eligible. WE CLOTHE THE PEOPLE ' HENRY KLEIN S. CO. PROPRIETORS Star Clothing Mouse 102 104 S. riain St. (Next to orpheum) Los Anj eles, Cal. J. coB Naubkth Presideni V. Uacmgaktnkk H. C. Mavbk Vice-President Sec ' y and Treasurer NAUERTH HARDWARE CO, Plumbing Tinning PtlONE J MES 4421 330 South Spring Street BlILDtRS ' HARDWARf. MECHANICS ' TOOLS, f IRNACES, STOVES. RANGES, HOISE riRMSHING GOODS . . TELEPHONE JAMES 1851 Tped Detmeps .... Prescription Of)tic inn OCULISTS ' PPCSCRIPTIONS n SPCCIALTi ' ji Ji 354 South Broodway Los Angeles, Cal. ONLY CLOTHING A moment ' s inspection will convince you that it pays mighty well for a store to give its exclusive atten- tion to one line of goods. We don ' t sell suspenders or night robis, but our whole though isconcentr ted on clothing. Smith Ennis suits are quite distinct and different from any other ready-made garments. Your tailor ' s best fit combined with New York ' s cleverest styles, and prices down to S15.0(l. All we do for the men we are able to do for the youths. Send for free dictionary of sports. SMITH ENNIS EXCLUSIVE CLOTHIERS 137 SOUTH SPRING STREET MORE NORMAL HITS. Mrs. Dozier calmly compared Miss Scott to a volcano. (The fire is all on top, though.) Psychology develops ideas. Miss Fuller informed the class the other day that tables were not made to sit on. What attraction is there at Normal that draws Edith Rob- ertson ' s feet from under her ? Mr. Merrill goes in high society. He associates with Princess. jIt What does Miss Davis of Junior A do when she subtracts in algebra? A Junior A was heard to say : " Who stole my Zaida ' s heart away? " Alas ! although I hate to say, I fear her heart has turned to Clay. Does Alma Smith of Mid. D still intend to spend her va- cation on the top of Mt. Vesuvius? Miss Monks learned recently that the other name for the doodle-bug was sea-lion. Oh, Miss Cartwright ! TELEPHONE ALTA 491 2033 DOWNEY AVENUE C A. NEIL . » Cash Grocer . Bottom Prices, Courteous Treatment and Prompt Delivery is our Motto TIIK TRoL ' nLKS OF AN ESCORT. Mr. Carncr (sligiit tremble in voice) : " Miss B-r-ll, may I presume so far upon our short acquaintance as to ask you — " .Miss r. — II: " Please say no more, Mr. Carner. I regret ileei)ly to y ive you |)ain. hut if I have inadvertently encouraged you to entertain hopes that cannot he realized, I will never for- give myself. I ' elievc me. I am sincerely " Carner (gasping): " Why, I was only going to ask you to lend me ten cents for car fare. " Mrs. r.arnum : " The person who answered for Mr. List in roll-call will ])lease recite for him. " Prof. Davis ' s jiarting henediction to the Senior A ' s : " Tea ' ' li nature study with common sense and pcdagog}. " Teacher: " Can anyone tell any remarkable fact about George Washington ? " Tommy : " He was never caught in a lie. " — E.x. A the Norma Girls luear our clothes and so do the ab-normal boys. The result — all are handsome and handsome is as handsome does :: [ ON DON C . L O TH XG C2: H.lRh-IS .iv ' k ' AXk: Proprs. I ig to I25-6 ' J-S N. Spring St. WE SELL KLOTHES Everything for a Scientific Laboratory F. W. BRAUN CO. 501 505 N. Main St. LOS ANGELES, CAL. Physical, Chemical, riicroscopical Apparatus and Supplies Assayers ' Haterials No Pain — No Danger Before seeing Dr. Schiflfman I consulted other dentists regarding tny mouth and was informed that bridge work was an impossibihty. Dr. Scliiffman made me a bridge which is satisfactory in every re- spect and is as good as my own natural teeth, and I can recommend his system to all who are in need of dental services. C. C. CLARK. 113 Third St., Santa Fe R. R. I have had two teeth extracted without pain. Have also had bridge work done by Dr. Schififman two years ago, which gives me great pleasure to recommend him to anyone wishing good and lasting dental work done. WM. HUMBEL. 562 Towne Ave. Dr. Schiflfman pulled mv tonth. " Didn ' t hurt a bit. " C. S. SPRECHER. Orpheum Publisher. ...107... N. Spring St. Dr. SchifTinan filled four teeth for me without pain. The work is entirely satisfactory and I cheerfully recommend his method, looi Mission Road. MRS. H. MUNDELL. I am only too happy to indorse the sentiments written above. While not a stranger, having repeatedly had work done by Dr. Schif?man, I can testify to his fairness, thoroughness, promptness and courtesy. MRS. H. H. MATHER. 1077 W. 30th St. I have worn a plate ever since I was 16 years old. Have had plates made by three different dentists, and must say that the plate made by Dr. Schiffman has been the best I have ever had, and is satisfactory in every respect. MISS IDA SHEDENHELM, 833 S. Spring Street. On account of some unfortunate experience I had in the ex- traction of my teeth I became a great coward in this respect. To- day Dr. Schiffman extracted one of my very refractory teeth without causing me one particle of pain. D. K. TRASK, Judge Superior Court, Los Angeles. Dr. Schiffman pulled two of my wisdom teeth today, and it didn ' t hurt a bit ; on the contrary, the sensation was pleasant. GUY L. HARDISON, Vice-President Daily Herald. I couldn ' t believe it was out until I saw it. " It didn ' t hurt a bit. " GEO. L. MILLS, Manager Syndicate Loan Co. I have had porcelain crown work and some filling done, also had ten teeth and roots extracted by Dr. Schiflfman, and take great pleas- ure in reconunending his method to any one wishing dental work done without pain. MRS. C. T. W. SCHRAMM, Mother of Paloma Schramm, corner Austin and Wadsworth. It is with pleasure that I state that I have had several teeth filled by Dr. Schiflfman. and that he killed and extracted the nerve and filled the root of one of my teeth and put on a porcelain crown which cannot be distinguished from a natural tooth, all of which was done without pain. JUDSON R. RUSH, Of Davis Rush, Attorneys, 3 Rogers Block. THE SHIPS THAI PASS.... Up and down the Pacific Coast find a safe and convenient harbor at San Pedro. It is one of the most interesting places on the Pacific Coast and is the point of embarkation for that " Magic Isle, " Santa Catalina. AH trains of the Salt Lake Route run to San Pedro, passing en route Long Beach, Alamitos Beach, Brighton Beach and Terminal Island, the Five Star Beach Resorts of Southern California. Here one finds the best Sea Bathing, Yachting. Fishing and Boating. Hotels open the year round. Excursion rates. Elegant train ser- vice. Information and tickets . .......•■■••■•• 237 SOUTH SPRING STREET. Los Angeles. California ' V-ssf: SAN PEDRO HARBOR Telephone Main 960 E. W. CILLETT. Cen ' l Passenger Agent T. C. PECK, Ass ' t Cen ' l Passenger Agent Xear the end nf Mr. Kyle ' s speech some one said in a sta e whisper: " Oh. 1 remember who Xathan Hale was! " ( ?) The dexterity with which Miss Edith Lewis handles her " paddle " on the tennis cmirt is really surprising:. And the wonder of it is that she makes no " racket " about it. M. A.2 Girls: " We wonder why Chas. Schweitzer doesn ' t learn to dance. Is he afraid that he will have to dance with all of us? " Mr. . mbrose needs a hair-cut. Mrs. Hazzard ( addressing cooking class) : " . ttention, jilease. class. Xow, when you cook cabbage, you should al- ways soak vour head in cold water for at least ten minutes. " (Consternation in class). We wonder whv Chas. S. nominates Miss Kerr whenever there is an election. ;Miss Thaxter announced the other day that she had often seen veast plants grow ; and they were good climbers ! Mr. Brown was teaching Gym. He got the class into a ])rone falling position, but could not remember the commands for getting them up again. He solved the difficulty by saying, " Attention; stand up! " The Normal Book Store.... 625 West Fifth Street. Across from the Normal WE CARRY A FULL LINE OF SCHOOL BOOKS AND SUPPLIES Groceries, Confections, Notions, Bakers ' Goods, Etc. Cheapest and Best Place for Normal School Supplies. Stamps and Stationrrv Follow the Crowd at Noon Blue Ribbon Grocery WHOLESALE AND RETAIL Choice Goods, Lowest Prices. Table Wines, Choice Liquors. Free Delivery. Family Trade Solicited. GUNN, WYNNS COMPANY ■449 S. SPRING STREET TEL. Main 728 LOS ANGELES. CAL. Tufts-Lyon Arms Co.... AGENTS FOR A. G. SPALDIiNG BROS. ' -mpletk LINE OF ATHLETIC GOODS.... 132 134 South Spring Street Telephone Main 1098 LOS ANGELES, GAL. We Cater to fhe Cultured Cki se .... Phone Mdin 47. ' i 1 27 South .S|)iin(i Street ricrricinv HofTinciiA ICIZ CREAM MAX ' UrACniRllRS WHOLESALE: AND RCTaiL == LAF?C.I: COX ' rtiCniC X ' CRY ril) j«j« ICE CREAM PARL0R5 Pl one Orders 5olicited Phon( A nin 475 Tree DC live rii to Anil Part of ri c Cih Concert Every Saturdiiu livening Bii Pi ' of. liviclotii ' s OrclK ' Strci i SHOES WIDNEY SHOES I J 1 OK lOK 4y Normal SHRADER Young Girls ri? Men ...402. LP-TO-DATE THAT LAST jf A TERM 4 J $250. $300 SOtTH BROADWAY CHAMBER OF COMMERCE (T o rrn t„ (T rnn ) BUILDING 5 3.5l ' tO!| 5 ' ' " f i and $350 i TELEPHONE MAIN 568 Ingleside Floral Co. F. EDWARD GRAY, Froprietor 140 South Spring St. Artistic Arrangement Los Angeles - -r-i ol r lowers The Tresslar Photo Studio GROUND Floor Opposite central fark 512 SOUTH HILL STREET SPECIAL RATES given to class groups. No better work in city, and PRICES that will please. Extraordinary occurrence: Mr. 1 low land was seen in the hall the other dav without Air. Brown! . sk Mr. Stayton if he would like to go to the library and fetch a copy of Irene Jerome ' s " One Year Sketch Book. " What IS the joke about Irene Jerome ' s " One Year Sketch Book, " an wa - ? The Middle .V i ' . ' ; enjoyetl a visit to Miss Laughlin ' s cot- tage during the second week in May. Ask them about the red Inittertlies. Mr. .Merrill is e.xtreniel - pugnacious in geometry. Mr. HiUton has to suppress him frequently. Ask Mr. Morgan about the " butter " -puffs he made in cook- Miss Chandler has difficulty in tracing the current in Room F. Her trouble is shared by every other member of the Physics class. Ask Miss Gregg, Miss Sackett or Miss Goodrich if they went in bathing when they went to Ocean Park ! Mrs. Hazzard is very kind in seeing that Mr. Stayton does not overwork himself in cooking. BEST DENTISTRY ON THE PACIFIC COAST REASONABLE why we can do the best work in the city. We have a skilled si)ecialist for each branch of dcntis- PP . j o try -one for lillinj;, one for crown and bridge work, one for extracting and one for plate work. Our artificial teeth, for form, density of material and superior finish, cannot be surpassed. Our crowns everlastinfT : our fillings do not turn dark and they save the teeth. Our work is the best, will stand the test of time and our guarantee means something. HUTCHASON ' S DENTAL PARLORS, Spink ' s Block, cor. Fifth and Hill Sts. Tel. Red 3261. Office Hours S to ' •. Sundays o to I AHREN S Bakery and Delicacy Store A central location. B«st Service in the City. First-class Goods. We solicit your orders for Bread, Pastry and Delicacies. Students, Give Us a Call F. AHREN 425 South Broadway BLAIR ' S SHOE STORE 311 South Broadway WE SELL TO MANY . . . NORMAL STUDENTS AND TEACHERS ALREADY . pt LET US FIT YOU . . . . Chas. Kkstnek Park Market THE CHOICEST OF MEATS . 329 WEST FIFTH STREET TKl.. RED 2(i71 LOS AN0ELE5. CAl MODEL DYE WORKS TKL. MAIN 1063 Office: 219 West Fourth Street. Los Angeles. Cal. Bavinir the laU ' st improvrd Dry Ck-anmc Process enables us to do the very West work at the Lowest Prices. Ladies ' and r.entlenien ' s (larments Dyed in any color without in.inry to the finest fabrics. WE GUARANTEE PERFECT SATISFACTION MV Ca for auJ Jhli-.rr AL SIMONDS Bullard Block Cyclery 153 N MAIN ST. BICYCLES AND REPAIRING PHONE RED 144.3 OLSEN SON STflFlE,aiillfflNCyOROO£RI£S TELEPHONE JAMES 4661 Gor. Ea i Second and Hewiu Streets TERMS CASH W WW W% VV .W W www W WW ' W vwwvww w w It.i ell W.lllt staple and fancy Groceries i Firsich Bros. CASH GROCERY 328 West Fifth Street LCS ANGELES, CAL. le wwwwwwwwwwvi Green and Dried Fruits AT FAIR PRICES HERE IS THE PLACE TEL. JOHN 101 T kWWW%WVWW » Mr. Merrill spends seven hours writing a character study of Macheth. Poor Machcth ! TIh ' .Middle A class, when visitinq- Miss Laughlin. went down in a body. Mr. Howland and Miss Fitch arrived on a later car ! Hattie aiifl lilanche and Zella Tried to stand on a bench in the surf, Tut to tell how they fell When the bench tipped, well — It ' s more than my life is worth! Three girls On a bench In the surf Felt a wrench ; Bench tipped. Girls turned pale — Here we ' d better Close the tale ! WE CLOTHE the YOUNG MEN STYLISHLY BECOMINGLY Every garment is guaran- teed for fit, wear and style. Merchant tailored effects. The newest and nobbiest weaves, most stylish in cut, at unusually low prices. MULLEN BLUETT CLUTHING CU. FIRST AND SPRING af j A ' ' INCORPORATED. CAPITAL. STOCK. $36,000 School S wrth - 6l4SQUfH-6RAND e. T ie only JJusincss College luildin.i; in Californ ia. 14,444 square feel of Floor Spate. We own and occupy il all. The la rge s I and finesl school rooms in the Slale. Furnished u ' ilh oaJt roll-lop desks and adjustable office c taiis. ()fien for husincss all the year. The i;reatest Husiness and Shorthand School upon this coast. . Ill branches of business practically taught by a ■ ' acuity of Instructors that represent superior latent ! ' i t ir hii;h-- ' f ' ,■■■ ' ■■. TO " f ' m ' mwm JJJCl. FM»f:J ...oyjWA.-IS OM... 46 .r ( ? ' . ft Large in attend- ance. The most suc- ccssful graduates and the best place to lay the foundation 1 r a successful life. ft Call or icrite tor catalogue. LACKEY. HOOD £ HOLLMAN, Executive Officers TKe Complete Plant " All Under One Roof " W T certainly has been a busy school-printing month with us. We ' ve just completed Blue and White (the High School book), liiP ' Catalogue for Harvard School, this Normal Exponent, Gata- " " ' 7 " ' " logue for Pomona College, plates for San Diego Normal Book, and had to decline the Pasadena High School order. The Copperplate and Steel Die Department has also been hard at work on School Announcements, Invitations, etc. Meanwhile we have an extra force handling several big commercial catalogues and much excellent general printing. We are really earning the enviable reputation which good engraving, good printing and good binding are making for us. Out West Company... Succeeding J ing. ' sley-Barnes C Neviner Co. Office 115 SoMtH Broad-way AVorKs 113 115 117 119 South Broad-way.. .rear Telephone Main 417 Los Angeles, California V e Appreciate run I ' MRONACE of the School Teachers. Come to IIS and ive ivill assure you satis action. Good Shoes at I ' CrVI.AR PRICES. ' BURNS - ' ' • ' ' " " ' ' ' " " ' ■ Miss A.: " I wish I was a shorlhanil taker. " Pc{j£jy (cxtcndinsj Iht paw) : " You can begin on my short hand. J Whose voice filled room K witli music? PcfTfry has decided tliat cuffs are very o(iod (Hstinguishins; characteristics of a hoy — especially in a certain interesting situation. J Miss Jacobs: " What is the composition of the spinal colunm? Miss r -r-ni-n : " It is made of bones, and there is marrow in it. . sk Miss Ott what jiarsnips are good for. J C.irl (from cooking class): " Have you junket tablets? " Slin|)inan (handing out note hooks): " This is the only kind of tablets we have. " KODAKS • ' " OTo SUPPLIES Howland Co. 213 South Broadway TCLCPHONC Main 833 Telephone Main 211 FonMCRLV OF Elgin National Watch Factort S. B. BAILEY JEWELER AND OPTICIAN graduate or CHICAGO COLLEGE OF OPTHALMOLOGV 353 South Broadway LOS ANGELES, CAL. WE OCCUPY THREE FLOORS WEAVER JACKSON HAIR CO. Leading Hair Store and Toilet Parlors Baths Manicuring and Shampooing Chiropody 44.3 SOUTH BROADWAY TiLCPHOMC South 57 POOR RICHARD S . lmanac says, " RemembiT thai money is c ( the prolific, ueneratinir nature. Money can b«- eet money and its offsprinir can beget more. " . dollar usel-ssly spent means a dollar ase- iessly destroyed. " He that murders a crown destroys all that miirht have produced even scores of tjoonds. ' IJM0 BANK Of SAVINGS 223 South Spring Street W ' l.- liear that Miss Monks is thinking- of writing a book, L-ntitk ' d, " Lol)Sti,Ts I Have Met: fiy ( )uu Who Has Known Them. " It ought to take hold! j Doesn ' t Mr. Drown look cute in his cooking cap? Dr. Slnilts is to he congratulated upon the excellent growlh it is making. It will soon he long enough to twirl. Ask Miss Thaxter if she ever ])icked the leaves of the yeast plant. WAXTI-ID: — Handsome designs in wedding rim ply to .Mr. llutt or Mr. Merrill. l ' Will Miss Cole and Air. Lirown please stop talking in cook- ing? When the last of the algebra ' s ci])hered .And the hardcS: problem is solved ; When the earth in the plane of its axis For the last time has revolved : When the notes in " psych. " are all taken .And papers are written all. We shall probably find a name for The new connecting hall ! 7»Biife3 A GLIMPSE or SANJgABRIEL valley from MT. LOWE RY. ABOVE ECHO MT. Mount Lowe " CALIFORNIA ' S GREATEST ATTRACTION " The trip to the summit of this mountain over the SCENIC RAILWAY, most wonderful of all mountain railways, is conceded by all travelers to be the " Grandest Scenic Trip on Earth " Embracing ' as it does a magniticent panorama of Mountains, Valleys, Cities, Ocean and Islands, and a ride thrcugh the famous Pasadena and San Gabriel Valley. No tour of California is complete without this trip. Complete information and descriptive matter at CITY TICKET OFFICE. 2S0 South Spring Street H F. GENTRY, PASSENGER AGT . TELEPHONE MAIN 900 GRIMES STASSfORTH STATIONERY COMPANY (ommerddl Stationery TELEPHONE MAIN 131 Bldnk En ravin and Books Printing 307 SOUTH SPRING ST lliiu many of ilic hoys will conic hack to school with l)iid- (liiij;- iinistaciics. when school opens in Scptcnihor? A fragment of verse was found in iIk- halls the other day— author unknown. It is as follows: " Oh. Miss Doujjlas, tender and true. Do you love nie as I love you ? ' " Students are entitled to three guesses. These personals are terrihle nonsense, aren ' t they? Mr. riutt would like to have the chorus begin to jiractice that charming hallad entitled " Those Wedding Bells will Soon Iving Out. " .Mr. Morgan showed the benefit of his gymnasium train- ing in the Japanese jilay the other night. ; Irs. Streeter is an authority in I ' sychology. She ami .Mr. Morgan always have an opinion coming. CASS SMURR STOVE CO, Kitchen Furnishing Goods Superior Stoves and Ranges Hardware Quick Meal Gas, Gasoline and Oil Stoves 314-316 S. SPRING ST. LOS ANGELES INDIAN BASnET MATERIAL R,eeds R-eeds Reeds Raffia in a variety of colors GERMAIN FRUIT CO. 320 32a 330 S. Main St. P C Fooh }car Our stock is made up of the finest and l)est shoes made. (Juality of leather in every shoe is the t)est ; every shoe is perfect titling. We show the most complete stock of l). fords for young men and women on the Pacific Coast. Prices right C. M. STAUB SHOE CO. -255 South Broadway: Cas5=Damerel Hardware Co BUILDERS ' HARDWARE AND STOVES STEEL RANGES, TINNING, PLLIMBING REFRIGERATORS, HOT AIR FURNACES 412 South Broadway Phone Main 1105 Los Angeles Xo, Miss Robinette, it isn " t wise to administer discipline in the form of shaking: two 200-lb. Fourth Grade Imvs. Per- haps they won ' t budge. Then what? jt Ask Mr. Stayton if it wasn ' t a " rEASLY shame. " Mr. Moro-an says that in order to have good milk the cow should always be kept happy. Did you ever hear Mrs. Ilazzard say " This is very de- licious, indeed? " Dr. James (in a particularly profound seminar meeting): " What is the essential characteristic of a successful teacher? " Mr. Gallup (in a moment of inspiration) : " He must not have a deformed face. " .Mas fur I nr hoiies of success! How is it that liessie of Sr. 1!. knows the B 7 pupils so well ? The most wonderful and with- out doubt the only natural healing springs in the world that are grouped together in a space comprising four hundred rlnT acres. The location is high and dry and entirelv free from fog, being on the line of the Southern Pacific in Ventura county, near Ventura. Here you will find all the conveniences of life, and yet there is no scener}- more wild and more delightful in tbeWest. There is fishing and hunt- ing, there are tally-ho excursions, horseback rides, pleasant picnics, and near at hand there is bowling, tennis, quoits and croquet —a regular fairy land and health resort. For further information call on 5. P. CREASINGER 218 S. Broadway Los Angeles Or address him at iVIatilija Springs, California Mr. Gallup ( who lias lost liis ])laci ' iti nlicarsing for the class play): " I say, wIktc is the i)lact. ' ? " Mr. I ' arry (rcadiiit;: from the hook) : " ' Go on. you idiot. " That ' s the place. What are sun laiij ' fliino ' at? " Warranted, a sure cure lor insomnia: . course in Senior . methods. Who is Jennie? What is she. That we all t|uake helore her? ( )ur nnisic teacher, girls, is she, nd that ' s wh_ we adore her. J Oh, Miss Christensen, do y )u like to go home on the in- stallment plan? Great economy to use cement irrigating ditches for sidewalk, isn ' t it? jt Miss Seaman: " Is " kiss ' a common or a iirojx-r noun? " Miss R — s — th — 1: " It is both common and proper ac- cording to circumstances. " Editor List: " It will he necessary for me to raise the price of the Exponent this year. " Bankrupt Senior . ' s, in clu)rus : " We ' re glad you ' re going to We can ' t. " When shall we get into the new l)uilding? OO to .... Bryclou I3r()n crs Tor rirsl- Ja.vi I lAI NLS S WD nX ' l: .S IDDI l:l?V They have none but expert work- men and can fill any special order work for you with neatness and dispatch. Give them a call. 239 Ollth , " klil SI. I. OS liuirlr. ' N i ' MARVEL MILLINERY Best Styles and LoTvest Prices in Los Angeles Trimmed and Intrimmed Hats 241-243 SOUTH BROADWAY LOS ANGELES F. F. Mekkiman W. A. Isms Innes Shoe Co. SHOES 2.S.S South Broadway 2.11 W. Third St. l.OS ANQELES l l . M L. % 1 IfV :y 9 [ ■ l f " 1 y HP|M|| iT ' v ?t. All half-tones used in the Exponent ' 02 were reproduced from photos made at the popular Studio of SCHUMACHER Largest and most complete photographic studio in Southern California. Highest medals awarded for superiority of work. 107 N. SPRING ST. .Mr. Hutton (in arithmetic classj : " Can you subtract money from men ? " Air. Leake: " Girls can. " Oh, Mr. (laUup. why didn ' t you carry a Kaine to the Tunior . ])artv ? Mr. Hill: " If that pin ever breaks you may write to me. " Katie : " I should be glad to. " Mr. Hill blushes. Mr. B — tl — r (rehearsing class play) : " But these names must be changed. " Miss ' rigllt : " I am perfectly willing to change my name at any time. " Where did Mr. B. grow so familiar with the marriage cere- mony . ' ■ Too bad Mr. Denton ' s breath gave out and he was forced to smile while taking another one, at that critical point in his platform reading. A sunnv Wednesday afternoon Time — Along the first of June. Place — Room M ; upper floor. Class — Senior . . Would you know more? Nay, take but just a single peep. You ' ll see the whole class fast asleep. I AYING. BORDERING AND . RfflTTING CARPETS Repairing and Ipholstering Tel.Maln427 JOHN BLOESER, Prop. 456 SOUTIt BROADWAY ,!. . -.1 , " 1.1. r,ji,i,iir. SI. ' iifi S.iit .i Ff R. A " . Travt Helen Cole says that hcinij sick isn ' t half had. Xo. Helen, from what we ' ve heard we should judg ' e not. Every noon vvc see a row of cahbasje heads among the ge- raniums on the lawn. Why do the girls jolly Etta Stahmer about loads of hay and old songs? A. : ' " They will soon cd with electric machines. Would you like to? " (i. : " Xo; I ' m afraid that I would swallow the currents. " Miss Elliot: " I never saw so very many country ' Jakes ' at the ' La Fiesta. ' " Miss Cook: " Xo. 1 never saw you there. " Apply to Miss Emma Morris for original algebra prob- lems. NO Unsigliiiy vaGani SHeives No Library is si);htly unless Books and Shelving agree j t Cbc 6lobc-(Uerntcke Bookcase comes in sec- tions. You can begin building now and add sec- tions year after year as books accumulate. A single section is as complete and finished a case as are any numljer of sec- tions. Each sec. tion fitted with dust-proof, roll- er l)earing glass door. :: ;: VOU CAN SEE THEM HERE ONLY LOS ftNGELES FURNITURE GO. 225 227 229 S. Broadway Of p,nile City Hall. The OAK Shaving Parlors W. p. BALL, Prop. THEO. R.SMITH, mgr. 10 Chairs POPULAR PRICES 106 N. Spring Street LOS ANGELES. CAL. ® The Finest Shaving Parlors in the City m m Girl (at store across the street) : " Have you the Consti- tution in pamphlet form? " Sliopman (looking) : " Is it a late liook? Has it any other name ? " Ask Miss Lashlee to sing " Mi " tor you. What a " measley " shame that Miss Xutting, Miss Wat- son. Miss Cole and Mr. Stayton have been ill this term. Why is Miss Henderson so fond of gilly flowers? J How to break a bad habit ? Take it to Sloyd. Santa Monica SCENIC Electric Line B b gOWS CHAS. C. FIFE General Freigrht and Pass. Agent E. P. CLARK General Manager SPECIAL fOR TROLLEY PARTIES The " MERMAID " — the most elaborate and perfectly equipped. Open to engagements. Ba d e dnd Express Service Baggage and express called for and delivered. Phone your orders to Main 923, Los Angeles ; Main 2J, Santa Monica ; Main 11, Ocean Park. General Offices : 316W.EourtliSt. Between Broadway and Hill Street (Los Ang eles-Pacific R. R. Building-). PLione Private Exch. 1. Carl liK ' TENriANN MANUrACTUI IMC. IliWrjJ:!? AMD WATaiM K(:l Diamond Setter and Engraver DEALER IN DIAMONDS AND PRECIOUS STONES Gold and Silver Jewelry designed, made to order, and repaired. Designer and Manufacturer of Society Badges. School Pins. etc. Selected stock of Diamonds. Brooches. Rings and Mountings. Also a fine line of Best Gold- filled Ladies ' and Gents ' Watches. :::::: : : f:xpei1 Vcik h Pcpniring - NaKcr of Mormal AKinini Piivs |: IN5 rOP ILL CLA StlS | ST(KK FACTORY AND SALESROOM ...UP STAIRS... TELEPHONE JOHN 3661 217i SOUTH SPRING STREET Los ANGELES. CALIF0RNI H.JEVNE y II i HI I AT J L I ai v kf IBSSSSSBB5Q!SSB_SSll i I LA mmh OLIVE OIL i i — — — — — — = to w This is the olive oil that is used in the best • t homes in Los Angeles. It is very highly l j f recommended by all cooking school teachers. | «i» Pure, fine flavored. You can ' t buy better »i •k- olive oil than the La Crbscenta for salads 1 ' ?: and table use. The best California Olives .f- ' " are used and the oil is put up under our own ' • ' W supervision, so that we know that every bot- W | tie of La CrescenTa Olive Oil is absolutely | k ' i pure. People who have an idea that an olive kf Ji ' , oil must bear a foreign label to be the finest, i ■V- should try a bottle of this La Crk.scenta. -i- ' •f It would change their minds ' . W Many people use our La Crescenta brand t ff in preference to any foreign brand they can | VA ' ' " y iiyi y{i 208 210 S. SPRING ST. Wilcox Building Lost — a jacket. Etta had a little jacket; She liunj;- it in the ante-room, Thinking, in her girlish joy. She would find it there at noon. " Oh! Oh! " said Etta ' s chnm. " Um ! Um ! " said the other one. And it was a cold day for Etta In the rain as she went home. Miss Watson asks. " What kind of i rice? " nvalids is good for Have you ever heard of the great painter, who mixed his ]iaints with hrains? J Who left those three timbral cups in the cooking-room sink? Ask Miss Anderson; she doesn ' t know. Don ' t ask me; I know. J What made Miss Morris and Miss Safiford suddenly drop the ever popular dances? You don ' t suppose G. L. or Nif- taffin had anything to do with it, do you ? Peggy: " Be still, girls. I want to say something! " Girls: " Impossible. " Miss W. : " Go ahead. Peggy, and say it. You haven ' t said anvthing yet. " SOWING Comes first; then reapiiiy:. And it is needless to say that as the sowing so the reaping. Even as the sewing so the ripping. A X 1.1 V X1.C C X teaches 3 ' oung jieople how to sow — not how to sew. There is neither wind or whirlwind connected with our sowing. It ' s all business. We teach all the commer- cial branches, including shorthand and typewriting. Our students become efficient workers in the various avenues of business. . y. OpCClfill OVUXimGr OCll OOl win be conducted, beginning July 7 and continuing six weeks. All regular branches taught, the same as any other time. Reduced rates for summer. Annual Graduating Exercises at simpson Auditorum Monday evening, June 30. All invited ; fine program. Students cuter at diiy lime. Se ioal in eoiitinitoiis session. Write or cat or full information. O los Anqe es 212 West x.V !r V V i J V , r Tel. (g)U )mcM Third St. T 1 1 1 ; 1 1 1 1 1 ; I II k] k K x y buck 2651 A Normal Boy. s 1 g -2 3 r M ■» 2 i etf 1 O S -o ta -3 S H bC « i u « 5 S ° « ? g ■ tH ► ■ s f •Si UNIVE This boo J45 s? O i 3 m H j .to (O m g -,CSJ ' jor o J. a o A 000 645 UNIVERSITY of CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGLLbs LIBRARY


Suggestions in the University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) collection:

University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1899 Edition, Page 1

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University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1900 Edition, Page 1

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University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1901 Edition, Page 1

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University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1903 Edition, Page 1

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University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1904 Edition, Page 1

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University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1905 Edition, Page 1

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