University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA)

 - Class of 1899

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University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1899 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 136 of the 1899 volume:

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AT LOS ANGELES [ , . n ' mi W. .) ' S ' ■ I, ' : . ' ■ I I, ; : f; ' ;:.||;.:; ' :;| , wi y ' ' ' ■■lit ' ' ) ' (rr I ■( ' ; . ji i , : Kv::Hi ' ' .} ' -ti - ' —. ' ; ' ' ' ' ' ' ' i(, is ' . ■L ' rli S ' i ' i ;; ' ??; j?% SC ' ' ' STATE ESTABLISHED FOK THE TRAINING OF TEACHERS. NORMAL SCHOOL LOS ANGELES, CAL BOARD OF TRUSTEES, EX OFFICIO. Henry T. Gage Governor T. J. KiKK Superintendent of Public Instruction LOCAL. Percy R, " Wilson, President ) Hon. T. P. LuKENS - Executive Committee J. Marion Brooks N. P. CONREY. Edward T. Pierce. FACULTY. Edward T. Pierce. President School Economy Melville Dozier, Vice-President Mathematics Isabel VV. Pierce. Preceptress English and Ethics C. C. Van Liew, Professor of Ps3-cholog-y and Pedagog ' y and Supervisor of Traininp School. Everett Shepardson Assistant Professor of Psycholog-y and Pedag-ogry Kate Brousseau Psvchology Sarah P. Monks Curator of Museum Botany and Zoology Charles E. Button Re}j-estraV-Mathematics Harriet E. Dunn Librarian-History May A Eng-lish Chemistry and Physiolog-y James H. Shults Physics and Physiolog ' y A rnesCrary ! " Eng-lish Ada M. Lauffhlin Drawing- Jennie Hag-an Music Emma J. Breck Eng-lish Charles H. Miller Sloyd James F. Chamberlain Geography Charles Don Von Neumayer .Reading Carrie Bruere English Sarah J. Jacobs Physical Culture Mary M. Smith Drawing- and Sloyd Josephine E. Seaman English and History B. M. Davis Botany and Zoolog- " v Florence Lawson Director of Kindergarten Training School Bertha Andrews .Assistant Director of Kindergarten Frances H. By ram Assistant Principal of Training- Department Albertine Smith Critic Teacher in Training- School Clara M. Preston Critic Teacher in Training School Carrie Reeves Critic Teacher in Training School Emma W. Edwards Critic Teacher in Training School William O. Mead Leader of Orchestra EDWARD T. PIERCE. PRINCIPAL. 5-3 2 t fet ie-S-S-e-S-S-£-S- .S-:fe»£--e--«--S-.e. S-:e: S:e a-» i «■ e-S Hi « Oir «l« Of il iH ill l« 0 v« yit it) in iii Or i« Of itt iti Viii iH ib tii U Or Vli a« a Vk Hi Of m (to U 0 if Vto • • ■-2 ' S:-5-3 ' -$ ' :-2 ' 5 ' 3-S ' 2 ' 2 ' ' 2- ' 5 ' 2- ' 5 ' " S ' 2 ' 5 ' S ' 2 ' 2-5 -2 ' 5 " S:-5-3 -5-2-9 ' »« »» 1» » f m m m m m m m w» m m m f m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m m J? »RESS OF ALLAN FALCONER. i BY AMERICAN ENGRAVING COMPd h a DEDICATION, When a book is newly written, Whether great or whether small, If it had no dedication. It would never do at all. Thus, as our Exponent ' s issued, We would make it perfect quite, And to help to make it so, We, this dedication write. To the Juniors, youthful, verdant. At the doorway of their fate. With the great world all before them, We, this paper dedicate. M, E. L. 1 NORHAL EXPONENT STAFF Publisher : Jonathan C, Lee. a: Manager: L. W. Withers. a: Editor : Emma Widney. a; Assistant Editor: Clara Carpenter. a: Associate Editors: Edith Peckham Literary Forrest WhiTTAKER Professional Sidney V. Good Christian Association E. Chaffee Athletics Maky Noble News. Guy DiCKWORTH Exchang-e Emma Widney Class of ' 99- A Designer of Cover: Mary E. Lewis. MELVILLE DOZIER, VICE PRINCIPAL. Edith Peckham, Department Editor. 4 California Poem. THE MAN WITH THE HOE. " WRITTEN- AFTER SEEIXG MILLET ' S WORLD-FAMOUS PAINTING, NOW IN SAN FRANCISCO. By Edwin Markham. Bowed by the weig-ht of centuries he leans Upon his hoe and gazes on the ground, The emptiness of ages in his face, And on his back the burden of the world. Who made him dead to rapture and despair, A thing that grieves not and that never hopes. Stolid and stunned, a brother to the ox ? Who loosened and let down his brutal jaw ? Whose was the hand that slanted back this brow ? Whose breath blew out the light within this brain ? Is this the Thing the Lord God made and gave To have dominion over sea and land ; To trace the stars and search the heavens for power ; To feel the passion of Eternity ? Is this the Dream He dreamed who shaped the suns And pillared the blue firmament with light ? Down all the stretch of Hell to its last gulf There is no shape more terrible than this— More tongued with censure of the world ' s blind greed- More filled with signs and portents for the soul- More fraught with menance to the universe. What gulfs between him and the seraphim ! Slave of the wheel of labor, what to him Are Plato and the swing of Pleiades ? What the long- reaches of the peaks of Song-, The rift of dawn, the reddening ' of the rose? Throiig-h this dread shape the suffering- ages look; Time ' s tragedy is in that aching stoop ; Throug-h this dread shape humanity betraA ' ed, Plundered, profaned and disinherited, Cries protest to the Judges of the World, A protest that is also prophecy. O masters, lords and rulers in all lands, Is this the handiwork you give to God, This monstrous thing distorted and soul-quenched How will you ever straighten up this shape ; Give back the upward looking and the li ht ; Rebuild in the music and the dream ; Touch it again with immortality : Make right the immemorial infamies, Perfidious wrongs, immedicable woes? O masters, lords and rulers in all lands. How will the Future reckon with this Man ? How answer this brute question in that hour When whirlwinds of rebellion shake the world ? How will it be with kingdoms and with kings — With those who shaped him to the thing he is — When this dumb Terror shall reply to God, After the silence of the centuries ? The Legend ot Death Valley. T E last ravs of the setting sun g-loritied the fields of ripe vj grain and the bare-brown hills, and lighted and warmed the quaint yellow San Diego Mission until it looked as if each block of adobe were remembering the time when it was covered with fresh, waving flowers. The angelus rang out sweet and clear, and at its call the monks, the Spanish soldiers and the Indian converts went to chapel for prayers. With the Indians, a soberly-clad group for the most part, came in a dusk}- Indian girl strangely unlike the rest. She walked in a gleam of gold — necklace, bracelets, chain upon chain decked her lavishly. And she was as far unlike her com- panions in manners. Once seated in the chapel, the others -settled themselves to a devout absorption in the services, their eyes fixed piously upon the priest. This one face turned ever ao-ain and again to the soldiers ' side of the chapel and studied intently a certain young- Spaniard yh() sat there. As she watched him telling- the beads of his rosary she could see a diamond which he wore, flashing- in the dust of the chapel. This sparkling stone was not unknown to her, for, among the ignorant, superstitious Indians, it had come to be thought that this strange bright thing was the sunbeams, themselves, captured and caged. While the owner of it, who chanced to be the orih ' man in Father Serro ' s expedition wearing a diamond, was regarded as a mighty magician, able to imprison the sunbeams. Soon, the worshippers came out ag-ain into the cool twilight and loitered off or lingered in groups. The soldier with the diamond, Ferdinand Arguella, stood talking with some of his companions, half aware of an Indian girl who stood close by, watching him silenth ' . Presently, some chance turning- his eye her way, the gleam of gold startled him into turning to give her a direct inyestigating- look, and he was astonished at the splendor and number of her gold orna- ments. As soon as the girl, known as Tehama, saw that he was noticing her, she moved toward him. Holding out a rich gold bracelet, she said, " The red magician of mj- tribe sends this g-reeting to the mig-hty w hite magician. " Ferdinand answered: " To me. Is it to me he pays such honor ? " " Yes, " Tehama said, impressively " 3 ' es, the red ma- gician of my tribe knows much magic, but not all. The white magician is very wise. I am Tehama. The red ma- gician taught me. I can do many things, but not all, so I am sent to learn more mag-ic from you. " All this time Ferdinand stood examining the bracelet, and thinking with g-rowing greed how much he would like to know where she found that gold. Suddenly, he remembered having- heard some of his Spanish companions laugh about the superstitious awe with which the Indians regarded him and his diamond. Amused, but more interested (while care- lessly- turning the ring around his fing-er), he inquired, " What would the mighty sorceress of the desert like me to teach her ? " In a loM% earnest tone Tehama answered, " Mighty Senor, teach me the secret of imprisoning the sunbeams, and the chief of my tribe will do anything- for you. You shall be as one of his own braves. " The shine of Tehama ' s g-old was brightening- Ferdinand ' s not-over-rapid wits. He began to see possible profits in this delusion of the Indian girl. Touching one of her ornaments, he asked, " Would he tell me where to find more gold like this ? " Relieved that his request was so simple — " O yes, it is near here. I can show you where there are many of the yel- low pebbles. Tell me something greater he can do for you. That is nothing. " " That is enough, " answered Ferdinand, " take me there now. " " Teach me the secret first, " said the girl. " No, " he answered, " when I find the gold I will teach you. " Tehama ' s black eyes looked toward the mission and be- yond it. " When it is dark, come, " she said, " come to the big yucca away there. When the white moon looks through the white flowers I will come. Then I will take you where the bright g-old lives. " That night when the moon looked through the yucca white flowers, it saw a man and an Indian girl riding away on the trail that leads to the northward. For man3- days, thev traveled over rough mountain trails and out across the drv, hot, shimmering desert until they came at last to an oasis. It was green with grass and palms and refreshed by a clear stream. And as Ferdinand looked into the stream, he saw nuggets of pure gold in the rough, gravely bed. Crazv with greed and delight, he eagerly went to work and collected as much gold as the mules could carry back to the mission. All the beauty of the oasis was lost on him ; his promise to Tehama was completely forgotten. She watched his excite- ment curiously, wondering that he cared so much for that yellow stuff. He hastily fastened the last sack of gold on the mule and was all but departing when Tehama stopped him. " But the secret, " she said, " it is time now for the secret. See ! there are many sunbeams around us I Teach me now, so I may rejoice too. " Ferdinand started. He had forgotten ; he must sav some- thin . " Wait until we return to the mission, Tehama. I can teach you better there than I can here. " Astonished, she replied : " You know you were to tell me here. Why are you not ready ? You must tell me now. " Ferdinand ' s wits offered him no further subterfug-e, and that a powerless Indian duped was not much on one ' s cons- cience, he took refug-e in the truth : " There is no secret ; I am not a mag-ician. for this stone (pointing- to the diamond) is found just as g ' old is. But you can take this ring- to your people, and tell them you imprisoned these sunbeams, and in time you will be able to imprison more. Then, sometime, I will send you another diamond. " Tehama sprang- up, tall and straig-ht, not deig-ning to take the ring-, and cried ang-rily : " You tricked me, then, for these yellow pebbles. You never intended to tell me the secret ; I will curse this spot forever. The gold shall sink into the earth, the stream shall disappear. I will make your white brothers die when they come here. You shall see them die. But ou shall not be a man to lie ; you shall be a stunted cactus to grow here forever and ever, and I will mock you. I will be as sweet water ever bej-ond 3 " ou and your brothers ; I will see them thirst and die. " Ferdinand tried to answer, but his tongue made no words. He tried to laug-h, but his laugh stopped, and fear was in his eyes. -X- The red magician did not see the work of his pupil, nor did Ferdinand ' s companions know what became of him. But the rattlesnakes slipped by and saw changed thing-s, and the coyotes howl near and complain that where the oasis once was is now a hideous valle} ' ; the stream is a salt marsh poisonous to men, and beside it, a stunted cactus leans toward a mocking- mirage, a vision of water, cool and sweet, but forever beyond its reach. Charlotte Teale. The IVlagic of a Window Pane. g)| KTER all, there is small mag-ic in it, apart from the mA, m3 ' stic a enc} ' of a somewhat inferior g-lass, and the happ3 ' accident of the wa} ' in which the window has been hung-. The accumulated dust of ag es — rather, to be more exact, of some six months — in which the rains have made strang-e zig-zag paths, and scattering- uncanny blotches, adorns the outer surface of the pane, and adds its portion to the weird effect of this would-be mag-ic g-lass. It is all easily enoug-h explained, and proved to be the natural result of the plans of the architect, together with the neg-lect of the house- keeper, and so reduced from the region of m3 sterious interest ot the level of ordinar} ' events. Perhaps it mig-ht be possible to find somewhere a ver} small and ig-norant child, to whom the revelations of the g-lass would seem to be the working-s of gnome or sprite, but even the infants of this degenerate age are so hopelessl}- well educated that the possibility is ex- tremely slight. The g-ood old da3 s of sorcerers who could read men ' s histories in a drop of ink, when such a thing might have been appreciated, are past ; and there is nothing to be done but to explain away the mystery- and to enjoy to the best of our sophisticated abilit} ' the poor little remnants of a curiosity that we have left. In plain fact, the window owes its peculiar properties to its situation. It is in an upper stor} ' , and, being hung after the fashion of a transom, w4th a pivot in the center of either side, it can be revolved to suit the pleasure of the inmates of the house. And therein lies the secret. For, on being opened, so that the pane exact!} divides the opening in which it is set into two equal parts, the curious observer then has before him all the resources of which this belated successor to the magician ' s drop of ink can boast. Above the glass is the sk}-, with its blue all flecked with hurrying clouds. From this part of the window, too, one sees hill-tops and tree-tops and roofs of houses with misty blue lines of smoke wavering away from their chimney ' s. Birds flit athwart this realm of vision amid all the light and stir of the upper air. But the other half of the world is to be seen only by ducking one ' s head under the jianc, at the imminent risk of being- caug-ht in the fastening- of the casement, and of hang- ing there forever, a melancholy example of the fate which should overtake all who pry into the secrets of black art. But if such dang-er be successfully avoided, then the earth spreads itself out to view in a smiling- effort to supplement the scenes of mid air. The roofs with smoking- chimneys that adorned the previous picture are here fitted out with basements and lower stories. The tree-tops are now seen to come from sturdy trunks and far-reaching- roots. The roots are wide-spreading- at the base, and crowded with clustering- houses. This lower view gives an unequalled opportunity for un- interrupted gazing- at mankind. They hasten in long- pro- cession beneath the window — men, women, children, all un- conscious of the scrutiny under which they are passing. For once, the aristocrat forgets himself, and allows his manner a momentary lapse into naturalness. The old beau who has strug-gled painfully for more years than even his friends imag-ine, to disg-uise his rheumatism by a jaunty, indolent stroll, covertly g-lances about, and relieved by the sig-ht of a deserted pathway, permits himself to limp a few times ever so slig-htly before he meets a chance passer in w liose presence the painful semblance of youthful health and spirits must be resumed. People do unexpected little acts of kindness or small secret charities sometimes as they pass by here, that seem to be the natural impulse of their natures, and all be- cause they imagine they are for an instant freed from the necessity of posing- before an audience. Only the dogs and horses that wander through the lane are quite as they are in other places. To be sure, a bird sometimes flutters down and skims along above the dust of the way, or a fresh little breeze raises tiny, ineffectual cyclones as it passes by ; but aside from these occasional visitors, the travelers below the window re those who must be watched and taken unawares before the} are betraj-ed into forg-etting their chosen attitude in the eyes of the world. But, of course, all this is quite ordinary, and mig-ht be seen from any upstairs window if only the blinds were closed and the observer took pains to keep hidden. The glass has not displayed its claims as yet. To see the fullness of the mystery, then, one needs only to look upward, remembering- the fastening- which hang-s over- head, like the sword of Damocles, threatening- momentary destruction. Whereupon, a transformation is effected which certainl} ' savors of the unusual and unnatural. The small dog that persued his way so sedateh ' a moment since across the ground below — lo ! there he is in the pane above you, scamp- ering head downward, with his feet pointing- upward, and to all appearances traveling- over a firmament of green grass and dusty road, in which the roots of trees spread out amaz- ing-ly, and A-arious other strang-e phenomena occur that were surely never seen in the heavens befor.e ! A motley company of dog-s follow this first, all with tong-ues lolling, not down but up, and with waving tails erected with a vast show of happiness, not up but down ! Close on the heels of the wrong- headed animals, comes a man in haste, treading this strange, unearthl3 ' -looking road, which is undoubtedly above his head. The puzzle of the ancient wise men who disputed the assertion that the earth was round, for the reason that, in such case, the dwellers on the lower side must walk head downward and with their feet in the air, now shows itself yet the more unan- swerable when the marvel is really seen in operation. The strangeness of the procedure is not lessened, but vastly increas- ed when it is actually brought from theory to observation. But there is scarcel} ' time for wonderment over the first ap- parition of dangling heads and upraised feet, when, in the far regions of the glass, there appears a strange medley of detached members. Arms in pairs and singly-, but no bodies, heads and feet, mingled in most unwarrantable and bodiless fashion, now begin a journey across the mysterious road, gradually losing their detached appearance, and seeking their proper places as they proceed. To be sure, this horrible separation of nature ' s handiwork into disconnected fragments is nothing but the trick of a defective glass, and the turning of the world tops -- turvy is a yet more simple matter. But the very simplicit} ' of the whole maneuver is its most appalling feature. Is it for such an undoing b} ' the most transparent of frauds that man- kind carefully cherishes dignity and cultivates an impressive appearance ? Just notice the being with a cane down 3 ' onder. If you give him the advantage of his natural sphere, was there ever a man better created to excite admiration ? He and all the rest of the world is justly conscious of his noble bearing- and his unexceptionable tailor. It is but rig-ht that he should scorn the g-round beneath his feet. But let that self-same dust be made to seem uppermost, and all the g lor}- of the man is chang ed. His very cane goes spinning- off in fragments, and his head, brought low b} ' the impertinent magic of the win- dow pane, is but the object of dersion to observers. What a pity it is that all this turning of the universe upside down is in truth such an unreal and unsubstantial thing. It is bad enough to be made to seem ridiculous by some un- avoidable circumstance. Few men would be reconciled to such treatment, even by the entire revolution in the course of the universe. But to be held up to ridicule by so trivial a mocker as this must task the endurance of even a wise man. There have been two men gazing into the window pane and indulging themselves in much merriment at the expense of their brethern. They were both philosophers, and had dis- coursed long and profoundly upon the foolishness of man and the ease wherewith his wa ' s could be made to seem ridiculous. Whereupon, the younger and therefore the less heedful of the two cried out: " O, sir ! go you down below, that I may look upon 3 ' ou through the magic glass ! For surely, to a man of such parts, a moment of seeming discomfiture can be of no importance ! " But the elder of the wiseacres remained silent and looked darkly upon his companion. And when they both departed, behold they went not past the window, but betook them home by another way. — Written for the University of Californina Maga- zine by Grace H. Crabbe. Normal and the War. HZ?OW often have we sat by the fireside and listened to vl V the tales of war told by our grand fathers. They have told us of the call for men to fight for country, of the gathering of the boys from all the homes in the land, of their sad parting from home, of the swelling of patriotism and pride in each breast as they marched proudly through the streets amid tears and cheers. Our grandsires have told us of the long, anxious waiting, and of the message which came at last bring-ing- sad news of the dear one lost in battle. This has caused our eyes to fill with tears of sympath} , but our faces have beamed with gladness as they told of the home- coming- of the boys at the end of the war. They were the same boys who went away, but all had grown older and some carried battle scars. Thoug-h we have seen old soldiers from our earliest child- hood, war has always seemed a stor} ' of the dim past, and of a people less enlightened than our own. But what was once only a tale has become a stern realty. We, too, have seen the muster of troops in the cause of country ; we have felt the stir of patriotism and have shed the tears of patriotism and of parting- as our boys marched away to war ; we have received the sad news of the death of some, for country ' s sake, though not on the battle field ; we have rejoiced at the return of some, and are now looking forward to meeting- those who have actually smelled the smoke of battle and have seen the destruction of war. We are proud that we have had a part in this fight for a noble cause. Thoug-h our brothers may not wear the blue our classmates do. When the call came, many of our boys were ready to go. But because of certain obstacles only seven of them became soldier boys, and two of these were so unfor- tunate as to be a part of the ill-fated Seventh. The others belong to Batter} ' D, Heav}- Artillery, and have now been in Manila nine months. No one who was in Normal June 7, 1898, will ever forget that time. The morning was spent in joining in the farewell to the Seventh Regiment, and the afternoon in sa ' ing good- bye to our own boys who were to leave the following Sunday. Our eyes were filled with tears to think that they might not come back, but our hearts were full of pride in our soldier boys. That we loved and honored them was shown by the applause on commencement day, when Professor Pierce held up the diplomas tied with red, white and blue, of the three who were to graduate. The boys in Battery D have shown themselves worth}- of our respect, by the favorable reports which have come from Captain Steele personally, and from the fact that three of them are officers. They have all been in several skirmishes, the most noted being- that at the surrender of Cavite. An interesting- account of the surrender is g-iven in the Manila Times of March 10. Admiral Dewey sent a messag-e to the insurgent comman- der to the effect that unless the town capitulaled by 9 o ' clock the next day, the place would be bombarded. At 8:30 on the following day a flag of truce was hoisted, but in a very few minutes huge masses of flame were seen issuing- from several places in the town. It was useless to try to save the town, but Mayor Rice, who was in charge, g-ave the order to advance. " By the time they reached the town it was a sheet of flames, and the men showed true American pluck in fighting- their way through. Captain Steer ' s command had a unique experience. Thrice they tried to advance through the different streets, and on each occasion had to retreat, owing- to the terrible heat that prevailed. At about 1:20 p. m., Battery D sent out a scouting- party, consisting- of Sergeants G. and S. and Corporal Fanning and thirty men, to try to locate the enemy. They advanced and covered a distance of over two miles when they located the enemy. They returned to the main body, and the troops went into camp at the old Spanish breastworks. On the 13th, the flag presented to Battery D by the ladies of Los Angeles was raised over the breastworks, and three cheers were given for Old Glory and the United States. The camp was named Camp Rice, in honor of the commander. " They have been truly lo3 ' al to their profession, for it is reported that Mr. Davis is Superintendent of Schools in Manila and Mr. Weise is on the Board of Education. But the state of affairs is such that they, as soldiers, are no long-er needed in Manila. They are now on their way home and are more anxious to reach California than they were to go to Manila. We are awaiting them, and a right royal welcome they will receive. Peakl Grav. An Indian Version of the founding of San Gabriel Mission. ONG ago, in place of the massive and imposing- house of worship, known as the San Gabriel Mission, stood a simple Indian altar which ma}- be remembered because of the many interestin j events which occured there. In those days, white men were scarcely ever seen in Cali- fornia, and so it happened that this part of the country was inhabited b} ' an Indian tribe led b} ' a chief called Pachi. They lived very simply, often feasting- on the flesh of animals which may have fallen in their reach. They wore colored beads around their necks, ankles and wrists ; feathers on their heads, and skin bands, holding- their weapons around their waists. Their worship was amusing- and crude.. It was the cus- tom to assemble at the altar every four weeks. One day the men and women met to dance around the sacred wall. They jumped and sang-, occasionally playing on their rude instru- ments. Sometimes part of the tribe clapped their hands at regular intervels, thus keeping time for the rest. After a while, Pachi, the chief, g-ave the command, ' ' Halt! " Althoug-h their spirits had become g-reatly elated, every one, at his chief ' s word, stood in silence. They knew that the hour was coming for Zalti ' s offering to be chosen. Pachi g-azed all around him. He hesitated a moment and looking at one whom he knew possessed marked intellig-ence, a manly spirit, and wlio was capable of endurance, he selected Zau- cappi. " Come to the center, Zaucappi, " he said. " You shall be our offering- to Zalti, the highest. You shall have all the en- jcn-ments of life and your wishes fulfilled, but in six months from this day, you shall be sacrificed. " The Indians ag-ain beg-an their rejoicing. Zaucappi, proud because of the honors bestowed upon him, and ig-noring the darker side, lig-ht-heartedly joined in the merry sport. Clank, went their ornaments and charms, and away they yelled, sing-ing- g-lory to their Zalti, and praise to their com- rade. The months soon passed, and at last came the hour of the sacrifice. Zaucappi and the chief marched ahead of the tribe. There was little to interrupt the thoug-hts of the mart T. When they reached the altar, Zaucappi and the chief climbed the steps of the g reat stone wall. The people stood in rapt attention, intently watching- their movements. Pachi raised the g-littering- knife. In an instant, Zaucappi ' s heart was no long-er his, and Pachi held it up, crying-, " Thanks, thanks to thee, Zalti. " One day, not very lon after ' the sacred offering-, Pachi sat under a tree meditating- on the future of his people. About dusk, just as the sun had hidden itself behind the g-reen hills, and the shades of evening fell gentl} upon the smooth g-rass, a form, clad in white, 3-et covered with orna- ments of many hues, appeared before the chief. It floated g-ently around the tree. Presently, it stood before Pachi, g-azed at him pitifully, and said, " Great chief, th}- work is done. He who shall carr} m}- beads, shall henceforth lead your men. Farewell, Pachi. " Just as Pachi was about to answer, the form dropping a bead into his hand, faded away into darkness. " Can it be a dream? " thought Pachi, despairingl3 " Can the gods be angry with me ? " The chief visited this tree every da} ' . It may have been because he delighted in the strength and beauty of the large branches with their green covering. One evening, his thoughts wandered away to the beautiful form he had seen, not many daj s before. As he gazed far toward the hills, he saw clouds of dust rolling toward him. Then the wonderful form again appeared. It flitted before him like a bird, say- ing, " Match your bead, and they will care for 3 ' ou. " " Ah, can it be that in those clouds of dust I see the ruin that is coming upon me? " cried Pachi. " Why should I match this bead? Oh, Zalti, I shall trust in thee. " The dust rolled nearer and nearer, and Pachi became convinced that it was caused by holy men, as the Indians called the priests. This Indian tribe had never really come in contact with missionaries, but they had heard from their ancestors so many startling tales about them, that they resented all thoug-hts of becominof friendlv with them. The priests formed their camp not far from the tribe. They often met the Indians and spoke to them kindly, 3-et a cong-enial spirit could not just then grow in the savag-e heart. A few morning s after their arrival, the fathers celebrated mass, for the first time, in the camp. Their altar was placed in the shade of a great oak, and consisted of a larg-e g-reen tree trunk upon which stood a crucifix and several bunches of passion flowers. The Indians had risen very early that morning " , in the hope of overcoming- their enemies. The fathers were cele- brating- the holy sacrifice. Pachi and his men had encircled the camp, but their hearts which an hour before had burned with a threatening- spirit, were now calm, subdued by the heavenly song- and elaborate worship of these white men. At the close of the service, as they were sing-ing- " Ave Maria " one of the fathers rose, drew a curtain aside, and a picture of the Virg-in Mary appeared before the g-azers ' eyes. She was so compassionately beautiful, so full of love and purity, and the song- offered to her was so divinel}- sweet, that even the savag-e hearts were overcome b ' this heavenly- incense. Pachi was truly overcome, both physically and mentally. He rose, and fell, for he could no long-er stand. Holding- out the bead which he deemed so precious, he said to Valle, a dear companion, " Match the bead, and obe -. " " I will, my chief, " answered Valle. Pachi ' s head fell forward on his breast. His e3 ' es were closed. He had passed on unto the land of rest. Their chief had been a faithful master throug-hout his life, and now, his men, left under Valle, obeyed his word. The fathers were amazed at this scene. Now they saw an oppor- tunity for winning- these men. By means of g-ifts, such as g-org-eous heads, and weapons, tog-ether with kind words and acts, this Indian tribe at once became the father ' s consolation. It was not long- before the Indians were eng-ag-ed in build- ing- the g-reat church which now stands in place of the old sacred altar. Many of the subjects were seen day after day, g-oing- and coming-, to and from the mountains hauling- g-reat pine log-s. In the open carts, they broug-ht down hug-e rocks. A long- time passed before the completion of the picturesque structure, but when it was finished the Indians enjo3-ed this holy place more than any other. It was here that they were g-iven Christian names; names of saints whose wonderful stor- ies, they were told. They became so extremely interested in the lives of these great men and women, that they even wished to name the bells after them. Two of the bells were g-iven particularly beautiful ones. One, which still hang-s above all, was to be rung in the morning, as its sweet tones suggested the delicate pleasures and delights of the opening of the da} ' . This was Ave Maria, after Virgin Mary. The other, in memor} ' of the angels, was the angelus bell, which called all tog ether, to thank God for the day ' s blessing ' s. Among the many church celebrations, that of H0I3 ' Week seemed to be the most interesting. This festivity occupied three days, and represented the sufferings and glory of Christ. During this celebration, on the evening of the third day, while the congregation knelt in pra -er, just as the evening bell was tolling, Valle su ddenly saw away in a corner, a dim light. He rose quietly towards it. The light still shone. " Ah, some- thing is here. Can it be the fathers ' riches that are buried here? " This curious feeling at once set him to work. He dug and dug. Midnight was fast approaching. At the toll of this lonely hour, when all is still, and ghost forms seem to dance about, Valle discovered something. " Oh a bunch of beads. " " What can they mean, " he cried. Putting his hand in his pocket, he found that wonderful bead. He looked at it. It was precisely like these. " We are saved, " he thought. " My master ' s wish is fulfilled. " Still stands the quaint old church, with the lofty pillars, gray with age ; yet, it firmly stands commanding that pic- turesque valley of San Gabriel. LuPE Lopez. c y Forrest " Whittaker, Department Editor. The Value of Nature Study in the Primary Grades. XE of the very iirst educational leaders who advo- cated the stud} ' of nature as opposed to the formal studies of Latin and Greek was Comenius. Since his time — nearly three centuries — much has been said and written in favor of nature studies in the schools, but progress in that line of work has been slow. However, its g-rowth has been steady and great advancement has been made in that direction, especially in the last century, until at the present time the importance of nature stud} ' is recog-nized by teachers and educators of nearly all classes. Comenius sought to give interest and life to the formal drills in Latin by associating objects in nature with the Latin names, and by using pictures to make thing-s real to the pupils. From this narrow beginning, nature study has passed through several stages of development and has been influenced by dif- ferent ideas. At first the idea seemed to be to search out the wonderful and curious in nature, the things remote from the child and of which he could onh learn by reading or having it told to him. The second idea was that of utility ' . It was thought sufficient to teach the child the useful and harmful things in nature. Thus, he would study poisonous plants and such as possessed medicinal qualities. A much broader aim than this was the third one, which was mental discipline. This is one of the aims today, and by means emphasized to such a degree that it degenerates into a test of the power of description. The only advantage in this is language train- ing-. A fourth idea and one that has been especially empha- sized is that of anah ' sis and S3 stematic classification. But this is liable to make nature study tend toward formalism and take out the real life of the subject. Nature study should mean more than the possession of useful knowledg-e, sense- training-, mental discipline and mastery of scientific order and classification. The hig-hest and best aim is a real insight into nature, an appreciation and living sympathy with all her forms. Nature study will ultimately lead to a comprehension of the order and S3 ' stem in the universe, but the child should come to an appreciation of this gradually, through his indi- vidual observation, experiment and discovery. Nature study for the primary grades should be primaril}- a stud} ' of the objects with which the child is most familiar and in which he takes the greatest interest. It should be an endeavor to understand the objects close at hand without reference to their systematic order or relationship. McMurry sa3 ' s that nature study includes the whole physical universe ; that it is a practical grasp of the whole physical world, as a set of conditions environing the child. Therefore, he should stud} ' nature as she represents herself to him, simply as an interesting collection of physical realities. The studies in nature should consist of the life history of plant or animal ; observation of the habits and modes of life ; growth and de- velopment ; means of obtaining food ; protection ; adapta- tion to surroundings, etc. Nature study must necessarily be informal. In general, it may be said that in choosing- a method for teaching any subject, the teacher should consider the child and the natural conditions surrounding- him. The right method of nature study must therefore take into consideration the life and in- terest of the child. He will show by his actions and the kind of knowledge he acquires, what things appeal to him most stongly, and the teacher should be guided along these lines. The true method takes the child directly to nature instead of to text books. It gives him an opportunity to observe, experi- ment and make discoveries for himself. It deals with com- mon every-day objects around him and is based upon his natural love for all the living forms of nature. The greatest value of nature study lies in the fact that it meets the natural requirements of the child ' s disposition. The love of nature is instinctive. Agassiz says that children are born naturalists, and we find the poets and other great think- ers turning- to the child as the one nearest to the heart of nature. As soon as children beg-in to notice things at all, they take a lively interest in all objects around them, especially living things. If brought up in the country on a farm, they will explore every nook and corner of it and be perfectl} ' famil- iar with everything about the place. They will know about the different kinds of grain; the time of planting and ripening; the different trees and their fruit; the flowers and birds. They will hunt up all the bird ' s nests andean tellwhat kind of nests are built by different birds, about the eggs, their color, size and number. They will make pets of the domestic animals, feed and care for them. These are the thing-s that children love and since nature study deals with just such things, it satisfies the natural needs of the child. Children are very curious and ask the reasons for a g-reat many thing-s. Nature study gives them an opportunity to in- vestig ate and try to find out things for themselves. It stimul- ates activity along this line. For example: set children to studying the pollination of a certain flower, say the nasturium. They are delighted with the way this flower provides for its pollination and eagerly observe other flowers to see what means they have of providing for the same thing. Thus, while the} ' are having an opportunity to satisf}- the natural instinct of curiosity, the} ' are also discovering interesting facts and being put in touch with living nature. Activity and restlessness are both characteristics of young children. They need something upon which to expend their energy, and what could furnish better material for them to work upon than nature herself? If a child is interested in ob- serving and discovering relations in objects around him, he is kept out of mischief that he might otherwise get into from having- nothing better to do. Children as well as birds and other animals, possess to a greater or less degree the migratory or roving- instinct. Many of the cases of run-a-way in children can be traced back to the fact that their natural instincts and desires were checked in- stead of being satisfied. Statistics tell us that thirteen per cent of the children who leave home, go for love of nature. Therefore, a wholesome interest in objects of nature satisfy- ing, as it does, these instincts, and occupying- the child ' s mind. tends to keep him contented and happy and prevents his fol- lowing- out the prompting-s of these instincts which, if not at least partially- satisfied, prove hurtful to him. The excursions and field trips, so necessary in this study, furnish a vaulable and pleasant means of ph3 ' sical exercise. Since so much of the child ' s school work must necessarily be in-doors we, as teachers, should not neg-lect to avail ourselves of this opportunity to promote the health of the child. The healthy children are the brig-ht, active and happ} ' ones, and thus the whole work of the school is strengthened and made pleasanter for both teacher and pupil. Nature study will prove to be of practical value to the child throug-hout life. His life and health are dependent up- on his knowledge of things about him, of the laws of nature, and upon his understanding- of their relations to each other and to himself. This knowledg-e can onl} be acquired by actual contact and experience with the things and forces that make up and g-overn the universe. When this knowledg-e has been acquired, he has a basis for reasoning-, for he is able to interpret what he sees; to see possibilities in things. The more perfectly he can do this, the better he can adapt himself to his surrounding-s or change those conditions in which he finds himself placed. From knowledge of science comes the ability to make use of the forces of nature. The application of the laws of nature leads to inventions of various kinds which save time, labor and expense. The use of machinery relieves from much of the drudgery necessary- in applying food, clothing- and shelter for mankind. As people have discovered means whereby they are relieved from the necessity of constant drudg-ery for the sake of producing- merely the necessaries of life, they naturally find new wants and new desires spring-ing up, and having- time to attend to them, they broaden and reach out for the hig-her things in life. The invention of labor-saving- machines increases the productive power, and calls for a better educated class of laborers, and thus the con- ditions of life have chang-ed for the better, as the knowledg-e of science has increased. When we consider the wonderful influence that science has had upon our civilization we can see the value of beg-inning- this stud} ' in the early g-rades. Nature study also has another value in the school course. It can be related to the work in numbers, reading-, literature, lang-uag-e and drawing-. The number work can be broug-ht in incidentall} ' . Reading lessons will be much more inter- esting- if about some subject that is under consideration, and life will also be g-iven to the lang-uag-e work. In both these subjects, new facts can be brought out which will make the lessons very interesting-. The method of studying- nature, that of observation and experiement, cannot help but have a bene- ficial influence upon the methods of studying- other subjects. The good results that will sureh follow from this method will g-radually lead to teaching- g-rammar, arithmetic, geog-raphy, etc., in the same way, first g-etting ideas and experiences, then using- reason and drawing- conclusions from a number of in- stances or examples. Nature study bring-s into activity nearly all the mental faculties. It cultivates the power of observation and the habit of thinking-, for the child is trained to think about what he sees, and to look for relations between objects. -It cultivates the judg-ment as is necessary for him to make judg-ments constant- ly in observation of objects. It fills his mind with useful ideas which g-ive him material for thoug-ht. When he looks at any object he not only sees what is actually present before him, but its life and g-rowth. As a result of his learning- to interpret what he sees, he reasons, and with the development of the reasoning- power comes self reliance, independence of thoug-ht. and g-eneral strength of character. But more than all this, nature study ministers to the moral being- of the child. It is refining and elevating- in its influence ; it teaches him the highest truths and leads him to think pure thoughts. The aesthetic side of the child ' s nature is cultivated. He enjoys the beautiful colors and graceful forms that he sees in plants, flowers, birds and insects. He is taught to love truth, for nature is truth itself. The knowl- edge of truth and regard for the laws of nature tend toward the eradication of many foolish superstitions that still exist. His s ' mpathies with plant and animal life are awakened and deepened. He sees in them a life similar to his own and finally comes to recognize the great principles and truths pre- vading and governing all life. In conclusion, the value of nature stud}- for children may be expressed in a few words. It is in accordance with the child ' s nature. It appeals to and satisfies his natural instincts and needs. It will be of practical value to him in any situa- tion in life ; it develops his mental powers ; and is one of the g-reatest forces in the upbuilding- and streng-thening- of moral character, which is the g-reat end of all education. Esther Enos-Wing. references : Nature Study — Jackman, pp. 1-25. General Method— McMurry, pp. 42-53. Special Method in Science — McMurrj-, pp. 15-65. Systematic Science Teaching- — Howe, pp. 5-15. Pedag-og-ical Seminary — Article on Inhibition. (Restlessness.) American Journal of Psychology — Migratory Impulse vs. Love of Home. What is Nature Study ? by L. H. Bailey of Cornell University. a The Child ' s Literature. MONG those who have spent more than a year in the Normal School there are probably a very few who do not realize the importance and usefulness of the stud} of literature, and who do not grow to love it as well if not more than any other study. One need not search or reasons for this prefer- ence, for what other subject will suite the varied tastes of so many different minds ? The imag-inative mind becomes lost in the scenes brought before it, of the world, its realities and unrealities. The abstract is pictured in terms of the concrete, truth seeming truer, beaut more beautiful, and love more love- ly. Nor does the reasoner fail to find pleasure in literature such as Bacon, Burke and Emerson or Dry den and Wordsworth. The student of history finds enjoyment in literary annals as well as in Homer and Shakespeare, while other students prefer descriptive writings, as those of Ruskin or Irving. But there is something that draws all these different kinds of literature together as a whole, and makes it in itself a life to its readers, something aside from its subject, or theme. Many find it thus. There is a power and individuality of char- acter in every great writing that makes it a part of human life. " The precious life-blood of a master-spirit embalmed and treasured up on purpose to a life beyond life. " But from what we find that with the development of the race it has g-rown; first vig-orous life and feeling-, yet sternness of resolution ex- pressed in the prosaic and stolid English of the early tribes, then the romantic literature of the Celts, " bright as fairy land with gorgeous colors and gleam of gold and precious stones, astir with the quick play of fancy, enlivened by an un-Knglish vivacity and humor, and touched by an exquisite pathos, " and at last both mingling in the works of Shakes- peare, and writers of the modern age. Compared with the last the first seems crude and plain, 3 ' et they are of equal merit. The ancient Saxon literature is just as characteristic of the life of its virtues as modern liter- ature is. But we sometimes forget that there is a development of art in the individual also before he becomes the artist. Our great poets did not always write great poems. There must have been a beginning in the childhood of the writer just as in the early days of the nation, for in the child the character of the man is developing, and it is character that makes the writer. Who knows what may have been composed by our literar} artists in the happy, careless days when they saw no use in " saving the words, " or perhaps forgot to write them ? But we all know that children have, to a greater or less degree, some literary ability. Their school education now is making it pos- sible for us to see this ability and observe its growth in their written compositions. Few of the children from the time they begin to reproduce in writing find it a task. In fact it is surprising to see the interest with which they write, some seeming to put the whole soul into the work. In the fourth grade I noticed this attitude of the child toward written work, and that of one child attract- ed special attention. The class had been having the story of " The Bell of Atri " for their literature lesson, the teacher tell- ing the story first and the class reproducing it orall}-. When told to write, Bennie ' s eyes fairly sparkled, and with his usual pleased smile he immediately began what was evidently a very pleasant task, and worked with unfailing interest until the story was completed. The original composition read as follows : THE BELL OP ATRI. Atri is a little town in Italy, near Rome, way across the sea, on the side of a hill. It has a very warm climate. The people are tired and sleepy all day. Peasants used to go to the market place and sell vegetables and milk. The king- was a kind-hearted man and tried every way he could think of to give everybody justice. Finally, he thought of a new way. He was going to hang a bell in a tall steaple and the rope trailed on the ground. Everyone wondered what the bell was for, and whj- the rope trailed on the ground. After a while, there was a parade and the king was in it. The parade was going by the Bell of Arti. When it went by, the king got out and pointed to it and said, " This is to ring when anyone wrongs anyone else. " When this bell was rung the judges would come. After the bell had been used very many years and many wrongs were righted, there was a knight who lived in Arti who was very rich. He had chickens, horses, sheep and cows and a great deal of poultry. He had falcons trained to catch birds for him. He would spend his time hunting wild boars and birds and taking care of the people. After a while he sold all his things but one horse. Rented his castle and moved into a little hut and sat counting out his money. He had become a miser. By and by he became so stingy he would not even feed one horse. He wondered what he could do with it. He thought he would turn it loose. The horse walked down the Street. It was very lean, so no one would buy it. It found a few blades of grass, and boys threw stones at it. One day it thought it would take a trip to the bell of Arti, where the market place was, so he went down hunting for food. After a while he got there. There were vines growing on the rope and it was worn out, so that it was patched up with grape vines ; they did not have any rope. The horse natcherally pulled at the vines to eat them. Finding them hard to pull, he jerked and rang the bell. Then the judges came to see who had done wrong. When they got there they saw the horse and knew it was the knight ' s horse. They went to the knight and asked him what he had been doing. There they saw him counting out his monej ' . They brought him in front of the judges and they said he had to spend half the money he made on his animals, and he did so. So he was not a knight any more. The story is simple, yet there is a depth to it that shows the character of the child as truly as the great writings show the natures of their authors. Bennie is only ten years of age, and the time he took to write the stor - was not over an hour, at the most ; j et it is interesting- and shows ability to express the thought simpl}- and clearly ; yes, more, it has power, the power that makes it a part of us who read it, as well as the life blood of the child- writer ' s mind. The literature of children is, on the whole, like the child- soul — true and frank. He clothes the thought in simplicity, knowing nothing of the complexities of language or rules of forms, except those taught him as necessary to the expression, such as the separating of sentences by periods and the division of the subject matter into paragraphs according to the differ- ent topics written of. Some understand this division and some do not, but all are able to write what they could other- wise say. The likeness between the child ' s written work and his oral work is also ver}- interesting. One child drops her h ' s in speaking and, consequently ' , in her written work she spells where, were : and which, witch. This is so characteristic that one who knows the children can tell whose composition he is reading b}- the manner of expression. Is it rot something to study, this literature of the child ? In it may be seed for future greatness, and there certainly is some of the child ' s soul in his simple, frank writing. His ideas are sure. Benny sees the dishonorableness of a knight ' s having to be made to feed his starving horse ; and having- the true conception of the character of a knight he cannot associate the natures of miser and knight, but draws the conclusion, " So he was not a knight an} ' more. " He did not have to search for a con- clusion to his storey, but M rote simply the thought in his mind. Some have thought that children do not know how to write, but the} ' are mistaken. We may learn of them in man} ' ways ; and let us all respect the natural power of the child and learn to see the worth in his ability to interpret his thought ; and more, let us as teachers inspire the child with a deeper love for literature, lead him to think of nature and of life in such a way as to love it, and encourage expression of his feeling and thought. A. E. G. S. V. Good. Department Editor. The True Education. ROBABLY no thoug-ht has more persistently occupied the J minds of those who have the welfare of mankind at heart than has that of " True Education. " Few thing ' s have chang-ed more radically within the last iift} " years than has the g eneral idea upon this subject. Going- no farther back than the time of our grandparents for comparison, we find that there is a great and vital difference between the educational S3 stems of the two peiiods. In those times the general aim was to so fit an individual that he mig-ht make the most in life for himself. This idea is now conceded as shallow and degrading-. Well it mig-ht be, for it clearl} leads to a one-sided and distorted development. Man, it must be remembered, has not only the intellectual side of his nature to train, but he has also the physical side and above all he has the moral or spiritual side of his nature to develop. It is only by developing and balanc- ing these three sides in unison — the ph ' sical, intellectual and moral — that we have produced the well-rounded and mature type of manhood and womanhood. It is conceded b} ' all that we must have a physical basis upon which to build our intellectual life, but are we to stop with the training- of these two sides of our natures ? What has been the effect of such action in the past ? In many cases it has resulted in burdening- the countr}- with educated rascals. Then in order to insure ag-ainst such an evil, we must reach down to the very root of thing-s. We must develop that side of our being-s which controls the intellect for right or wrong. We must look well to the development of our moral or sp ritual nature. The question now arises: What are the best means for developing- the moral or spiritual side of our natures ? This question has occupied the minds of many prominent men, both past and present. It has been found that there are many ways of attaining- the desired end, but b} ' far the most important is that of companionship. Whether it be of per- sons or books, it is the company which we keep that has the most telling effect on our characters for good or evil. The influence of personal companions goes unquestioned. Some would, however, question the importance of books as a strengthening- moral factor. We do not, however, consider all writings as conducive to the best moral development. It is only through true literature — those writing-s which give expression to a pure and noble spirit — that this is accom- plished. It is during the hours spent in quiet communion with thoug-hts of the choicest spirits of mankind that the strongest influence is exerted for our higher life. We need not want for these life-giving streams of thought, for they are around us in the greatest abundance and are ever increasing in store. There are, however, some literary pro- ducts which rise far above the rest. The truest example is that which has come down through the ages, throug-h all times and conditions, and which gives to us the expression of the purest and noblest spirit to be found in all history. That example is the Holy Bible and its prime spirit is that of Christ. Taking this, " the Book of Books, " as our companion and guide, we need never go far wrong in our moral and spiritual development. With the superb advantages of their age, the well-rounded and fully-developed character lies within the reach of each and every one of us. With God ' s great temple, the world of nature, as our gymnasium ; with the generous public educa- tional S3-stem of our country as a means of intellectual growth, and with an overflowing supply of the richest litera- ture as a means of moral and spiritual development, surely the full development of the triunal nature — physical, intellec- tual and spiritual — may be attained by all excepting the most confirmed cripples. S. V. Good. Christianity and School Life. F ALL pleasant recollections, those of past school life Vi are the most agreeable. Memories of the man}- inci- dents, whether g-lad or sorrowful, which take place when attending- school, are alwa3 " S gladly rehearsed by old class- mates who come together after 3-ears of separation in the different walks of life. B j being connected in. some wa} ' with an incident, which at the tim e may have seemed of little im- portance, the whole life of the individual may have been changed. We know how easily we are impressed at the schooling age. It is the most receptive ag e of our lives. Ex- periences which we g " ain during this time, never seem to fade out of the mind. This is the period when Christian influences should be made most attractive on every hand. If the individ- ual has not accepted the teachings of the Great Master as his guide in life before this time, it is doubtful whether he ever will after leaving school. Student life then, becomes one of the last opportunities of giving one ' s life into the hands of the Master. It is important that the principles of Christianit} " should be made a prominent factor in student life. This is the reason why the college departments of the Young Men ' s and Young- Women ' s Christian Associations have been organized. Their aim is to reach the student when in the most receptive period of life. To reach this aim, the Christian Associations ' plan is to organize classes of systematic Bible study. These studies in the Bible are purely undenominational, therefore it is possible for members of all creeds to take part, if the}- will. This gives a variety of opinions, which consequently will make broad and intelligent Christians. The greatest objection that this work meets is the excuses on the part of the students. They seem to have time for everything- else except Bible study. At the close of school the students are liable to lounge about the dressing- rooms and other places, seeming- to have all the time in the world, but as soon as invited to attend a Bible study class then the work at home begins to become very pressing. The reason for these excuses is evident. It has been caused heretofore by the lack of attractiveness. Not that the Bible itself is unattractive, f m,J Kj y but that the leader and members of the classes sometimes fail to make the meeting- a success, from the lack of preparation. If the leader is one who has had special training- in such work, or one of the members of the faculty of the school, then Bible study will become attractive and the students will take up the work willing-l}-. Christ must have willing- workers among- the students as well as among- any other classes of people. Christ wants the students, for it is he who will have the g-reatest influence upon the world for righteousness. The student then, has g-reater responsibilities than other classes, for it is he who is to be the coming leader. From the one who has the most, the most will be expecte It, then, is the student ' s duty to become well acquainted with the principles of Christianity, so that he may be a living- example. It is the student ' s oppor- tunity to associate himself with the study of the Bible, for it says plainly, " Search the Scriptures; for in them 3 ' e think ye have eternal life ; and they are they whi.h testify of me. " John J. Goetz. The Mission of the Y. W. C. A. jP VERY enterprise, no matter how g-reat, has its beg-inning. V This beg-inning- maybe small, but it is the foundation of that which comes afterward. The work of our Y. W. C. A. in the Los Ang-eles State Normal School had such a beginning. It came about in this way : Most of the churches in the city were observing- the week of prayer, and a number of earnest Christian 3 ' oung- people in the Normal School got together, decided that the} ' would observe the week also, and arranged to meet for prayer every day. They became ver}- much in earnest, and, through their efforts, souls were won for Christ. This led them to see the need of Christian work in our school, so they organized a voung people ' s society. At first, the young men and young women met together in one society-, but, as this grew in numbers and interest, they saw the advisability of forming two societies. They then organized the Y. M. C. A. and the Y. W. C. A. No one knows how much good the Y. W. C. A has done for the young- women in our school. Girls have come into the meeting ' s at the end of the week tired and, probably, dis- couraged, some of them even doubting- whether God cared for them ; but, after hearing- the testimonials of others, their hearts have been uplifted and refreshed, and they have been prepared to g-o throug-h the next week ' s work, living a life worthy the name of Christian. Another mission of our society is among the new students. Man} ' of them come from Christian homes and are out from under Christian influence for the first time. The Y. W. C. A. draws these girls under its care, and so helps them to con- tinue their Christian life. Our school life is so full of studies, which need our atten- tion, that there is a tendency on the part of students to neg- lect spiritual things for school work. If it were not for the Y. W. C. A., as a reminder, man} more of the girls would entirely neglect their spiritual life, and so lose a good share of the happiness of life. The Y. W. C. A. has a great work to do. This is the time in the lives of the young people who are here as students when the} ' are la3nng the foundation stones of their future lives, and we know, if the foundation is not strong, the building cannot be substantial otherwise. " The harvest truh is great, but the laborers are few : pray ye, therefore, the Lord of the harvest, that He will send for the laborers into His vineyard. " L. E. Lexton. Normal Exponent, A monthly journal, published in the interests of students and teachers by the students of the Los Ang-eles State Normal School. Jonathan C. L,ee Publisher I Emma Widney Editor-in-Chief L,. W. Withers Manager | Clara Carpenter, Assist. Editor Advertising ' rates reasonable. Contributions solicited from students, graduates and others, and must be received, signed by author ' s name, on or before the tenth of the month. Address articles for publication to the different department editors, or to the Editor- in-Chief. Always address in care of State Normal School. Los Angeles, Cal. Other communications to Jonathan C. Lee, Publisher, 620 South Broadway. Copies on sale at Jones ' Book Store and office of publication. Price 25 cents. Entered at the Los Angeles Postoffice as Second-Class Mail Matter. Vol. XI. JUNE, 1899. No. 5. EDITORIAL. T NCE more The Exponent is in 3 ' our hands, and we hope i• that its success " will be in proportion to the amount of effort that has been put on it. w reg-ard to this publication of The Exponent, and we hope that it -will be a g-ood beg-inning- for even better issues. Such a publication as this is of far more interest to all than a number of smaller editions could be, for the limited time at the command of the students does not permit a ver} larg-e monthly issue. Something in the nature of a school annual serves to arouse a greater interest and more school spirit and permits of a much better issue from a literary- point of view. TpROFESSOR PIERCE spoke very truly when he said s y that the entering of the tally-ho in the Floral Parade had done a g reat deal for the school, even though we had not obtained the expected prize. Certainly nothing- else that has happened during the year has aroused the enthusiasm that this has. Fully one hundred students worked for a day and a half in order to make the tally-ho the most beautiful e. hil)ition in the parade ; and the willing spirit in which all worked, bears evidence as to the pride which the students take in the school. The success which attended our efforts was appreciated no less by the public than by the students and found expression in a prize, which, thoug-h tard) ' , was g enerous. Although our school work was somewhat inter- rupted, we do not feel that the time was wasted. ENIORS and the doing-s of Seniors are of paramount in- C terest at this time of the year, and so we beg- that the members of the other classes will not feel slighted because of the amount of space devoted to the graduating class. You will all be Seniors some day, and b} ' that time you rna} ' have become famous enough to have a whole book written about vou. NCE again it is graduating time, and the Los Angeles State Normal presents distracted " trustees " with sixt}-- iive aspiring teachers, whose heads are crammed with the latest and most improved methods of teaching. In addition to this, each one is thoroughly capable of taking up depart- mental work. Their power in this line was gained while burning the midnight oil in search of material for a thesis. We wish each one of you the greatest success in your work and — a seventy-five dollar salary, at the least. yHE members of The Expoxent staff wish to take this v opportunit} ' to thank the different members of the school who have helped to make this paper a success. Especi- ally do we wish to thank Miss Breck and Miss Moore of the English department for their assistance and Mr. Dozier for his interesting history of our Alma Mater. The managers of The Exponent owe much of the attractiveness of this paper to Mr. Schumacher, who not only took the tall3 ' -ho and group pictures, but prepared them for the half-tone work. The ready co-operation of Mr. Lee has done much to make this issue what it is. Emma Widxev. mm ' MWMWMW. GRADUATING CLASS Class Color — Crimson. Class Flower — Carnation. CLASS OFFICERS. Clara Carpexter, President. LUPE Lopez, Vice President. Carrie Staxtox, Secretary. Charlotte Teale, Treasurer. CLASS TEACHERS. Miss Lawsox, Dr. Vax Liew, Mr. Shepardsox. History of the Class of ' 99. N THE fall of 1895 there appeared in the halls of the V Los Ang-eles State Normal School about 150 g-irls — and an occasional boy — whose intention it was to become the " g-uiding- stars " of the rising- generation. The entrance examinations were passed and there were enrolled in live sec- tions the proudest students in school. Conscious of their noble purpose in this school, these stu- dents at once began to develop sociality among their sections. The} ' elected class officers and intended to give a series of class parties. Ver}- much to their disappointment, the faculty- considered this proposition injurious, and thus ended o ne of the first undertakings of the Class of ' 99. After having- g iven the faculty the unpleasant task of interrupting their actions, the class resolved to be exemplary students during the remainder of the course. Their lessons were ever first and foremost in their minds, and as a result of this some of the brightest intellects in the history of the school have been developed. Mathematicians, musicians, scientists and athletes have developed out of the constant application of mind and bod} ' , to say nothing of the Burkes, Websters, Shakespeares and Miltons, whose future greateness will be the result of the seed sown in the Eng-lish classes while they were here at the Normal. Having- thus proven themselves so worthy of distinction, the faculty showed its appreciation of the fact b}- allowing- them to teach all day in the training- school, which has made their work the " crowning- glory " of all work ever done there, and which we know will g-et every one a high position in the public schools of the State. Now, as the Class of ' 99, we wish to thank the many earnest teachers for their kind efforts and noble examples, and we know that we shall always look back with pleasure upon the happy days spent with them. To the students we bid farewell. We hope that the examples we have set will be of help to vou during your school course. Short History of the Senior A 2 Class of ' 99. 7 A bright September morning- in the year one tlious- Vi and eight hundred and ninety-seven, a number of young people, who had recently made a successful escape from ten different hiigh schools, became possessed of the same brilliant idea. The result was that eight o ' clock of the afore- said morning found them wending their way up that hilly and picturesque street, called Fifth, and along the path of Hope, till thev at last entered the lofty hall of the imposing brick structure known as the Los Angeles State Normal School. They looked shyly around. They w ere almost breathless, whether from wonder and surprise at all they saw, or because of the hills and steps they had climbed, it is hard to say. After many bewildering turns through long passage ways and up winding stairs, and just when they were beginning to fear that their fate might be similar to that of the babes in the woods, they found themselves standing before a mysteri- ous door, upon which was printed, " History, Dunn. " Now, as history was one of the hings they wanted to " do, " they gave this door a gentle push. It swung softly open, disclosing to their inquiring gaze, a lady seated at a large desk. She looked at them with critical eyes, but when they told her that they were not juniors, but hoped soon to be sen- iors, she became convinced of their g-ood intentions, and bade them enter. She has never had cause to reg-ret this kind invitation. It has been suspected, however, that she wishes the class would show more interest in the cultivation of the art of con- versation, but not even the assurance that it is necessary to mix conversation with paper pulp in making- g-eography maps can induce this class to talk. Yet they have many accomplishments. One of these is the ability to read and breathe at the same time. The first attempt to do this almost resulted disastrously for some of them, as, being- very conscientious, they g-ave all their atten- tion to the reading-. The most noticeable trait of these energ-etic students is their extreme orderliness. The compliments which the3 ' have received for this virtue are so numerous as to be almost em- barassing. It has even been suggested that the class motto should be, " A place for ever3 ' thing, and everything in its place. " It is onl}- possible to mention a very few of the things which have occurred during the stay of this class in the school, as, for example, their attempts, while stud3 ' ing addition, to add seventeen columns of figures at the same time, or their efforts to escape from Nicodemus, the turtle, a hungry and ferocious member of the zoology class. The many interesting events in the history of the Senior A 2 ' s would fill volumes, and descriptions of the states of their minds during their various experiences would make a most comj lete psychological text book. Lena G. Lovejoy, Class Historian. The Kindergarteners would like to have written their " Class History, " only they were afraid it would be too " abstract. " ABC Book for Senior A 2 ' s. (Most of their letters they know. Thoug-h their scanning is slow. As you ' ll suspect from the poetry below:; A is for Alice, fair in the face, In gym. she swings on flj-ing- rings, At awe-inspiring- pace. B is for Bertha, so smiling and good, Obliging and gay is she. C is for Carrie, who never is air_v. Though she soars in her studies, say we. C stands for Carpenter, devoted to Sloyd, With hammer and nails and chisel she ' s to -ed From babyhood up. C is for Cannon, that peaceable girl, " With smile on her face and hair alwaj-s in curl. C ' s for Cornelia, whose jewels are notes On physics and gym. and geog. C stands for Colton, whose aim aiid desire Is to be a grave pedagogue. C is for Casey, the dearest of girls. Her knowledge is greater than rubies or pearls. (Of C ' s there are manj ' in Class Senior A 2, Because of the wonderful work that they do.) D is for Dickinson of Detroit. Ask her anything, she will know it. E stands for Emma, pensive and sad, Yet there are times when she ' s merry and glad. F stands for fight, which we are taught not to do. G is for Griffith, whose wisdom ' s not new. H is for Hogan, fond of " Index of Poole. " She learns both geometry and English by rule. I is the letter the class use sometimes. To fill in the spaces, to fill in the lines. Of those hard English papers. Penned at midnight by tapers. J stands for jam, and it ' s not on the list. Which is a pit ' , for it is much missed At class spreads atid picnics. K is for Katharine, fond of book lore ; Both day and nig-ht o ' er her books she doth ])ore. L stands for Lupe, both little and sweet, And L stands for Lena, both solemn and neat. The long and the short of the class are they. And they may be seen most any day In the long hall when the bells call, Hurrying and trying to learn it all. M is for Martha, who plaj-s basket ball. An umpire she is, and the score she can call. N stands for Normal on a hill in the town. Its teachers and students have won wide renown. O is what ' s said when lessons are long. P stands for poor, if something is wrong. Q is for quiet. This class at the top Is always so still j-ou can hear a pin drop. R is for Roberts, the girl with brown eyes. S is for Swain, who makes paper-pulp pies. T stands forTeale, who sings songs bj ' rote, Without ever missing a single big note. And T stands for Thorpe. Very lucky is he. For the Senior A 2 ' s spell boy with a T. U stands for j ' ou, Reading rhymes that we do. V is for Vida. She works with a saw, And draws with a pencil, and studies school law. W is for wonder at what our heads hold. Y is for Young, who is not very old. L. G. L. CO U P CO CO CO CO ; ti . . -_ ' J .E I 1 ■f. r _ z = ' . Sc ' ' J ;3 = z ' J t ' 2 X " i-, = " — ' ' f • 5 5 •c ' _ u : ' J - j i ' u S •3 i tH bl — 1 c o 3 a C c -J 1 . o3 a! ' 7 i " 1 " ' - 5 ri X 5 X " 1 ij ' x tt X bi L,et those love now w (et those who always At once such majestv Vi- worship moral, bui Her friends clustered Her hair is not more Have not a fear. " VVhiMi slie will, slie w X i. " x c. ■s. ' What ' s the matter wi Cheerfulness, too, is h Slie is pretty to walk lid wittv to talk with ■2 . aT - 3— = - U YouiiH- is she, and in litrhl of heaven and From her cradle she Stately and tall she n She has two eyes so s Dark or fair, sliort or lie has a snare to catc A (iery soul. " How does your corpor your diabolical co With your coniposti I ' d like to kiss him. " You told me you ' d ch Just one j, ' iii. ' ' vShc is lyavinla, there - t-i ' . : . : ; ; ; ' ■ ' • - - ' . ' . - - t i z z ' Xi i i :2 :! : u • ■! ; X ■g X •ii 5 : : : — r ,fi : :.= ' z • : : :]b ,0 r i I j ■J. E • l i : jTi ■ X • £ -T • fs s be ■J = s ti : ' . ' ■ { ,, , S. ' J ■ ri ;3 - ■- 1 rt ••7 S = ' p • ' •Crt i ' J X 1- lil 7-X i - JS SO 1 [ ' 3: ' x_ u j: is ai ci 3 1 — u u ' Q oi; c . N = -=ia.!-i pS « CUoWcr CCI i UU ao 00 b Ut oicJ i ! ■4!P5i i P9 X X u -J i KJ c . ' x .|i a g ■ ic i a — ' , • _ " C . 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DURING their first term in this school, the present Senior A 2 class, being- at that time possessed of some sur- perfluous energ-j, decided to rid themselves of it b} ' pla ' ing- basket ball. So they org-anized a team, with Miss Lydia Colton as captain, and proceeded to dust the g-ymnasium floor every WeJnesda} ' evening, g-etting- numerous black e3 ' es, broken fing-ers, etc., in the process. They grew to be a ver - strong- team, and intended, in the course of time, to challeng-e the Hig-h School and Marlboroug-h teams. It was too near the close of the term for this, so they contented themselves with challenging- the other Normal School team. However, unavoidable circumstances prevented the g-ame, and the g-irls, having- b} this time lost whatever superfluous energ-y they were possessed of, decided to end the g-ames for that year. The excessive mental labor of the Senior year allowed no time for pla} ' , so the career of the Hig-h School Basket Ball Team was ended. N account of the g-reat amount of work at the Normal, near!}- all that is being- done in athletics is in connection with ourreg-ular gymnasium work. Hence we were not repre- sented at the Interscholastic field day which was recenth- held at Ventura. Mr. Boehncke who has charg-e of the Junior B boys in g-ymnasium is doing- excellent work. He has had the manag-- ment of this class since their entering school and it looks as if some of them would become quite athletic. Last season was the first time the Normal ever had a foot- ball team, and we can justly be proud of their record. Next season when the team is reorg-anized we feel that it will be a gfreat factor towards promoting a school feeling- among- the students. T ' HE first basket ball team of this school was org-anized J soon after the beginning- of school in the fall, under the captaincy of Miss Jauanita Austin, now a member of the Senior A class. Miss Frances King-erv was elected Business Manag-er, and Mr. Lawrence Lindsey, Coach. After two months of steady training-, the team from Marlboroug-h was challenged, but after a meeting- between the manag-ers, it was found that while the Normal uses the League rules, the Marl- boroug-h plays b} ' rules which have been adopted onl} ' bv a few women ' s colleg-es, and as neither side was willing- to con- cede its rules, the g-ame was declared off. The Los Ang-eles Hig-h School and the Normal attempted, also, to have a g-ame, but, unfortunately, the Hig-h School team broke up before the g-ame. During- the first ten weeks of t he spring- term, the team was unable to practice, owing- to the fact that most of the members are Seniors, and had to teach in the training- school, but now that this work is throug-h with, Mr. Lindsey has ag-ain taken the team in hand, and it is hoped that a match g-ame may be yet arrang-ed with Pomona Colleg-e, which has been already challeng-ed. We do not know of course how well Pomona pla3 ' s, but we know that this team is not only composed of fine pla3 ers individually, but is capable of splendid team work and will do credit to the Normal. The Origin of the Poppy. (OONG, long- ago, before people had come to live upon this earth, our beautiful California was the house of a race of little f aries. Kach tiny spirit lived in a fl ower. If you had lived at that time when the world was new, you would have seen a little face, looking- with surprised eyes from out each bluebell and buttercup; and on sultry afternoons, you mig-ht have found a fairy fast asleep in each cool lily. Every flower, far and near, was filled with happy life. The haunts of many were in the blossoms which grew hig-h in the air on cling-ing- vines; others were hid among the g-rasses in the meadows, and some lived in the swa3 ' ing- water-lillies. Merry little peo- ple ruled that flower realm. Often, they would float down a stream on a broad leaf, or seated on the back of a bird or but- terfly, they would ride throug-h the air. The fairyfolk would have been very happ3% but they had a wicked Queen, who did not love her tiny subjects and was always planning- to make them unhappy. She would have destroyed them long ago, but they were watched over by an invisible Princess — a Princess who seemed to encircle them with loving care, who helped them out of trouble, and taught them many good and beautiful things. Nobody knew where she came from, but each fairy felt her presence when she was near, for she had a strange, sweet breath, which mingled with the sunshine around them and brought a blissful feeling of peace and cotentment. In the still hours of the night, when the petals had closed over the sleeping fairies, the wicked Queen would lie awake and plot how she might have all the world for her own. On one dark nig-ht, she tried a new plan of destruction. Seating- herself on her state!}- black raven, she rode throug-h the wild night to a pool, where the fairies went daily to bathe. Around the edge, she planted a tangled vine and wove on it from the moonbeans, which straggled here and there through the stormy clouds, the white flowers of the deadly- nightshade into which she infused a poison for the sleeping fairies. Everything seemed to be under her evil power on that dark night. The raven circled above and uttered a dreary cry ; the rushing wind tossed and tangled her black hair, and her eyes flashed with hate, as she wove her deadly web. She did not know that the first heart to grow still and cold beside that poisonous trap would be her own. She did not know why she grew weaker and weaker as she worked. The wind sank down with a hush; the raven flew off with a long, wild shriek ; the clouds cleared awa}- and the moon shone down upon the finished work, the poisonous flower with the Queen of the fairies dead by its side. With the still, calm dawn of da}-, came the Princess to view the work of the night. " No longer must I protect my fairies from their Oueen but from this flower she leaves behind her, " said the Princess, as she lingered on the spot. " As I cannot become their visi- ble Queen, I must bring them into my own enchanted world, where they shall live a charmed life, free from all dangers and happy forever. I shall use the Queen ' s own plan, but for a good and noble purpose, for I, too, will create a flower and it shall be my little palace, when I become the Queen of the Fairies. " So saying, she gathered the first yellow rays of the sun, as it rose over the mountains, and wove them into a bright, beautiful home for herself. The sun was high in the sky and had filled the finished home and flooded the swaying throne of the Princess with golden light, when the fairies awoke and came down to the pool for their morning bath. They stopped with surprise at the sight of the unknown beautiful flower, but when the voice they loved so well said softly from within its yellow, misty center, ' ' Thy Queen is dead. Come, my fairies, let me rule thee forever from this throne. " They joyfully knelt around, and the Princess breathed upon them the breath of love, which broug-ht them into the invisible realm of her golden rule. Down throug-h the 3 ears since that g-lacl morning-, the Princess has ruled over happy hearts. Everywhere the hills are covered with her shining palaces, for the flower homes of her little subjects are scattered far and near. The perfume from the flowers is only the sweet breath of the little spirits within ; the humming birds are busy all the day, carrying messages among the invisible fairies, and the Princess, sur- rounded by merry companions in her gorgeous court, receives the loving tribute of the flower realm, as in the days of long airo. Jessie Henderson. The Shepherd. W ?E was dirty and hairy. He never seemed to shave his face, vI V or wash and comb his hair and it hung down over his eyes and shoulders in black-tangled masses. He wore a red shirt and faded overalls and his feet were covered with heav}- bro- gans. His blue eyes had a wistful look in them whenever they met the eyes of other people, as though he longed for companionship. But what person having respect for himself, would wish to speak to or have an thing to do with such a dirty, uncouth creature. Whenever they chanced to meet him, the clean, well-combed people would cross over to the other side of the road and blame him for the dust his flock made. Sometimes, meeting a group of merry children coming home from school, he would nod and say, " How do, " which was all he knew of the English language, but the girls would take no notice, and the bo3 ' s would tease and mock him. Then his eyes would flash, and, muttering in some strange tongue, he would chase them down the road. No bo} " was bold enough to stand his ground, for the mild, shock-headed creature with that peculiarly-fierce light in his eyes was terrif3dng enough. So, all alone, shunned by man, woman and child, he stood sport with his dogs and his sheep, looking upon the happy, careless people who were so rich in all the good things of life, but were all too poor to spare one kind word or lo ok for him. He knew one song, or rather one line of some refrain, which the neig-hbors often heard late at niofht when he was driving home his sheep. He would repeat and repeat it in unvar34ng- monotony, and all the wistful long-ing- that shone in his e3 ' es would voice itself in the music. The neighbors, lying- in their beds, would awake from their dreams and wonder at the mournful tone as it sounded faintly and weirdly enough in the stillness of the night. The poor creature, using the language common to the whole world, poured out all the loneliness of his soul in this one line, prolonging the notes till they sounded like a wail. When it grew fainter, and at last died away alto- gether, the listeners would turn over with a sigh, and half believe the voice was part of a troubled dream. One day, a tramp was seen walking along the road, fol- lowed by a little boy who limped painfully. Dissipation and sleeping out in all kinds of weather had changed the tramp to a consumptive in the last stages of his disease. A few da3 ' s later, earl y on a cold morning, the shepherd found them lying side by side in a field. They both slept, and one would never walk again. When the little boy awoke and saw his companion lying stiff and still, he did not cry, but sat and looked at him solemnly and quietl} ' . The man had been a hard master and had given the child no reason to feel sorrow at his death. The shepherd buried the dead tramp and took the child to share his loneliness. He bound up the swollen foot and gave the boy his own dinner to eat. The boy gulped down the food as though he had fasted for many hours. His bodily needs being supplied, his miserable little heart relieved itself in great heavy sobs. The shepherd held him in his arms and caressed him awkwardly, while his own lonely heart was full of joy at being able to give comfort to some creature, which probabh " surpassed the pleasure of receiving comfort him- self. From that hour the two were never apart. The man was happy in having some one to love, and the child was happy in being loved. The boy was a solemn-faced little creature, who seemed to have had all the brightnesss of children beaten out of him. He gave his name as Boy, and it was by this name the shepherd called him, sometimes with such a loving inflection as would have astonished the clever neighbors who looked upon the man as a semi-imbecile. The bo ' s of the neighborhood regarded Boy curiously, and tried to entice him awav ; but he turned awav his head and clung- to his friend. Then they threw stones at him, but this so enrag-ed the shepherd that they did not dare to repeat it. At last the neighbors became so accustomed to the two that they took no notice further than to avoid them as they had avoided the shepherd before. But now the shepherd no longer looked at them wistfulh ' or spoke to the children, for his whole heart was bound up in Boy. All his life the shepherd had never known what it was to love or be loved. He had no recollection of his parents. His earl} ' childhood had been spent under the care of a woman who had so many children of her own that she had no love left for another one. His foster brothers and sisters regarded him as a creature sent especially by Providence for them to vent their spite upon. Whenever his foster brother had a desire to thrash someone, the boy was g enerally the one to receive it, for no natural feeling of a father restrained the man. At last, after an especialh ' trying " day, he had rebelled, and, g-athering up what few thing ' s he possessed, he ran away. Flitting- around from one place to another, now running- errands, how chopping wood, now doing something else, he at last settled down into the monotonous life of a shepherd. One amusement had helped to beguile the monotony, and that was the shooting of squirrels, which were ver - plentiful. In the new delight of Boy ' s society, the gun was forgotten until he thought to amuse the child with it. Again it was brought out, loaded and fired, much to Bo - ' s delight, who would bring- in the squirrels as they were killed. So anxious for Boy was the shepherd, that he never allowed him to touch the g-un, although the child had often beg-g-ed to be taught to shoot. Nothing could exceed the tenderness he showed for Boy. The child would sleep in his arms, and oftentimes the man would get up in the night and gaze at the innocent face and gloat over it as thoug-h it were some great treasure. Whatever jealous} ' the children of the neig-hborhood ma} ' have caused him was soon set at rest by Boy himself, who would have nothing to do with them, but seemed quite content with the society of his own friend. The two became all in all to each other and were not content to be apart for a moment. One bright day, the squirrels seemed unusuall} ' numerous. The shepherd took Boy bj the hand and led him up the mountains. About half way up, they stopped, and the shep- herd took out his g-un and loaded it. He shot seyeral of tbe squirrels, and Boy was in high glee ; his cheeks were ros} ' and his eyes danced with exercise and excitement. He had started out for the last squirrel, when just ahead of them, up started another. He pointed it out, excitedly, to the shepherd, who took out the empty cartridge and put in a fresh one. He raised the gun and took aim. Just then, Chappo, the dog, came bounding toward them, and Boy, springing up to stop him, ran up in front of the gun. The bullet entered his side, and, throwing up his tiny hands in the air, he fell to the ground. The shepherd ' s face became as gray as ashes, and he bent oyer the child without a sound. The blue eyes rolled up and the baby form quiyered a little. Then it lay quite still. He had not uttered a cry, and he must haye died almost imme- diately. The shepherd gathered him up in his arms and looked down at him with wide, wild eyes. He stroked the child ' s hair and laid his hand upon his heart. He could not feel the slightest beat, and he knew he was dead, but still he sat holding the little bod} without a sound, his eyes fixed on the horizon with that wide, unseeing look that sleep walkers have. The sun went down, and the dog came whining to his master. The child ' s body lay stiff and cold upon his breast, and as he shifted his arm, the little head fell back limply. Then the man realized his loss, and with a gasp he bent oyer him and moaned, " Oh, Boy I Boy! " The hot tears of agon} ran down his cheeks. For a long time he knelt and moaned oyer the child, clasping and caressing the little body. He could not bear to bury him that night, so he wrapped his coat around him, as though Boy could still feel cold and needed protection. He carried him home, driv- ing his flock before him. All night lonj- he watched beside the child, holding the cold baby hand and moaning, " Boy I Boy I " while he shook with sobs of anguish. Early next morning, he rose and dressed the child as neatly as he could and combed back ' the soft hair. He wrapped a thick cloak around him, and, creeping out of his hut, walked up the mountain. There, in the prettiest, greenest spot he could find, he dug- a grave and laid the child in it, putting the earth in as softly as though he feared he might hurt him. He placed the grass over again and rolled a large stone to the head. When he reached the valley, the men he met wondered at the utter despair in the man ' s eyes and the haggard greyness of his face. They guessed the child must have died, though how and where, they did not feel curious enough to ask. Daily, the shepherd drove his flocks up the mountains, and down the valleys again at night, and no one noticed much difference in his appearance except that he looked wilder and more uncouth than ever ; but whenever the} caught his eyes they marvelled at the sorrow in them. No one knew of the hours of misery spent by Boy ' s grave, or that at night when all the valley lay dreaming, the shepherd was keeping watch by a little grave far up in the mountains. Oftentimes he would wake stiff and chilled to the bone, and would hurry down to the valley in time to drive the sheep up the moun- tain. He contracted a cold from these lonely night watches, which turned to a short, painful cough. He grew so weak he could scarcely climb the mountain, and his frame became gaunt and lean; but there was no one to notice or care, and to the world he was the same dirty creature it had always known. One morning, Chappo waited in vain for the voice of his master. The sun was high up in the heavens before the shepherd ' s absence was noticed. A boy was hired to drive the sheep up the mountain, and a short time after he came running down to say he had found the shepherd lying dead beside a little grave. And so it was. He lay with his arms stretched across Boy ' s grave, and on his face was a wan smile of peace. When the neighbors came upon the spot, they looked and wondered. " He must have loved the child, " they thought, and in their hearts was a faint feeling of reproach for the contempt they had always felt toward him. B} the side of the child ' s grave the dug a larger one and placed the body of the shepherd in it. Side by side the two friends lie, and a single stone marks their common rest- ing place. E. L. Enright. HISTORICAL SKETCH Of THE STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT LOS ANGELES. By Melville Doziek. Vice Principal. QvX THE 3 ' ear 1881 the hill on which the Normal School J stands was a part of an orange orchard belonging- to Mr. Prudence Beaudr -, a wealth} ' and influential citizen of the communit}-, whose name is perpetuated in the annals of the cit} ' by being applied to the street known as Beaudry avenue. The question of organizing a Normal School in ad- dition to that at San Jose, then the only one in the State, had been agitated for several years, and its erection was provided for by the Legislature that met in the winter of 1880-81. The sum of 850,000 was appropriated for the construction and furnishing of the building, the citv of Los Angeles hav- ing agreed to present the State with a site both suitable and sufficient for the purposes of the school. Several places in the cit; - were offered at reasonable prices, but the choice which was tinallv made was most fortunate. It would be difficult to conceive of a situation for a Normal School that combined more numerous or more important advantages than are pos- sessed by the site of this institution. Adjacent to the very heart of the city, and yet off the line of noisy traffic ; on an eminence that overlooks the greater portion of the city, and yet easy of access, it unites surpassing beaut} ' of scenery with salubrity of climate and the greatest possible convenience. It comprises about four acres of ground, approachable from four different directions, and constitutes one of the most striking and attractive landmarks of the city. An interesting fact connected with the selection of this hill, and one almost in- credible to those who are recent comers to the city, is that the argument most strongly urged against the selection was its distance from the business center of town. So great has been the growth of Los Angeles during the last eighteen vears. and -so marked has been the movement of the business center southward and westward, that one who has no persoanl recollection of the state of thing-s nearl} ' a score of years ag-o can with difficulty realize the fact. The building- was ready for occupanc} ' in the summer of 1882, and the school was org anized on the 29th of August of that 3 ' ear as a branch of the State Normal School at San Jose, under the nominal principalship of Prof. Charles H. Allen, then the Principal of the San Jose School. Professor Allen had had the supervision of the planning- and construc- tion of the building-, and g-ave to the responsible work the best results of his long- and varied experience as a Normal School man. He continued as head of the State Normal School at San Jose for a number of years later; and thoug-h advanced in years, is still an active and important factor in the up-build- ing- of the educational interests of the State. At the org-anization of the Los Ang-eles Normal, Prof. C. J. Flatt was made Vice Principal, and had the immediate charg-e and oversig-ht in the administration of its affairs during- the first year of its history. The faculty during- that year consisted of onl} ' three teach- ers; namely. Prof. C. J. Flatt, Vice Principal; Miss Emma L. Hawks, Preceptress; and Mr. J. W. Redway. The term opened with sixty-one pupils, divided into three classes — Junior B, Junior A and Middle B — but the number of students had in- creased to eig-hty-four by the end of the term. The training- school was org-anizied at the same time, under the manag-ement of four teachers — Misses Gibson, Knapp, Desmond and Boyer — and at the end of the term numbered one hundred and tw enty- six pupils. Then, as now, the training- department occupied the rooms on the g-round floor, but the Normal department proper was confined to the third floor. The second floor was rented to the Board of Education of the city for public school pur- poses, and continued to be so used for three years. By that time the school had so increased in numbers as to demand the exclusive use of the building- for Normal School pur poses. Among- the students of the first year were ten Hig-h School g-raduates, and fourteen counties of the State were represented in the student body. At the beg-inning- of the second year, August, 1883, a radical chang-e in the manag-ement of the school was instituted by the appointment of Prof. Ira More, then Vice Principal at San Jose, as Principal. Professor More was a man of g reat decision of purpose and of extended expe- rience as a Normal School instructor, having- held the position of either Principal or teacher of Normal Schools in Massachusetts, Illinois and Minnesota before coming- to California. For the next ten years of the school ' s history the impress of Professor More ' s character was larg-ely stamped upon all connected with the internal operations of the institution, and upon those who were g-raduated from it. He was a man of sterling worth. Thrown upon his own resources in early boyhood, and grow- ings up amid some of the most rigorous conditions of life in Maine, he esLvly developed that self-reliance which character- ized him throughout. Few men or women have been permitted to exercise a more wide-spread or long--continued influence over the minds of the young, the duration of his teaching having covered the long period of fort}- 3-ears. Graduating from the State Nor- mal School at Bridgewater, Mass., and later from the scientific department of Yale, he was well qualified for the work of or- ganization as well as of instruction. His talents found ample opportunity- for exercise in the Bridgewater Normal, the Chicag-o High School, the Illinois Normal, the University- of Minnesota, the Normal at St. Cloud, Minn., the San Jose Normal and the Los Angeles Normal; in all of which schools he taught with efficiency, giving- the last ten years of his active life to the work for which he is best known in our midst. He voluntarily retired from public service in 1893, at the age of sixtv-four; but he was not permitted many years of enjoyment of the rest from public responsi- bilit}- which he so fully earned. It was the dream of his later life to spend his declining- years amid the pleasing activities of his orange and olive orchard near Cucamonga, in San Bernardino county, and to this home he removed, full of hope and anticipation. Under the radically-changed conditions, however, his health soon showed signs of failure ; and in October, 1897, he closed his eyes to the scenes of his earthly activity ; his work done, and well done. The first class to graduate from the school numbered twenty-two, and received their diplomas in June. 1884. A large proportion of the class are still engaged in teaching. and are ranked among- the best teachers of the State. Two of the number, Mrs. Byram and Miss Brousseau, are con- nected with the work of the Normal School, the former as principal of the training- school, in which department she has taught with conspicuous success since 1887, and the latter as instructor in psychology and mathematics in the Normal department. Another of the first class, Mr. Spurgeon V. Riley, filled the responsible office of School Superintendent during- the four years ending December 31, 1898, and man}- others of the class have reflected great credit upon the school and have done honor to themselves by long-continued, efficient and faithful service in the interest of the State to whose liber- ality both they and every other Normal graduate are so deeply indebted. At the opening of the third year of the school ' s history important changes went into effect. During the second 3 ' ear Miss S. P. Monks, Miss Isabella G. Oakley and Mrs. E. J. Valentine had been added to the faculty, the last named being in charge of the musical department. Miss Monks is the only member of the present faculty whose connection with the institution dates back to so earl} ' a period in its history, and her genial countenance still bears the impress of youth, due largely, no doubt, to the peaceful spirit that has directed the useful activities of a busy life. At the beginning of the third year, August, 1884, Mr. J. W. Redway and Miss I. G. Oakley were no longer numbered among the faculty, and their places were supplied by Miss Harriet E. Dunn and IV; r. Melville Dozier, the former coming from the High School of Nevada City, and the latter from the High School of Santa Rosa. Both of these teachers have continued in the active work of the faculty to the present time, and have witnessed with the utmost satisfaction the growth of the school in numbers, equipment and efficiency during the fifteen years of their con- nection with it. It is with interest that one connected with the school at this early date in its history recalls the condition of the grounds, now so surpassingly beautiful and under such cultivation. A brief extract from the Principal ' s report to the trustees at this date will be of interest in this connection. Said he : " The little money that could be spared for the purpose has been used in grading- the necessary approaches to the building- and in the care of the orang-e and other trees upon the grounds. It is to be hoped that at no distant da - the Legislature will appropriate a sum sufficient to finish the grading, to build a bank wall at the cutting on Charitj- street, and to put a substantial fence around the premises. " The Charity street referred to has since been g-iven the more pretentious name of Grand avenue, and the cut alluded to has since been converted into a well-graded street of grace- ful declivit} ' and ample proportions. In the earlier history of the cit} the three streets, Flower. Hope and Grand avenue (all intimateh associated with the Normal g-rounds ) were known as Faith, Hope and Charity. A citizen who had recently moved his place of residence, was asked where he lived. His reply was, " I formerly ' lived on Charity; I now live on Hope. " Such a statement, truthfully made, was thoug-ht to reflect serioush ' upon the prosperity of the city in the e ' es of strangers, and a change in names was instituted. In those days- the care of the grounds was the care of an orchard, and how to protect the g-olden fruit from the ever- ravenous appetite of the omnipresent small bo was one of the perplexing- problems for the Principal and the gardener to solve. The latter functionary, in the person of " Old Uncle Billv, " as faithful as an ox and deaf as a door nail, found it the pest of his life to keep the bo3 ' s from breaking down the orange and walnut trees in their persistent efforts to secure the fruit; and many a morning- could the old man, while viewing- the devastation wroug-ht under cover of the friendh ' darkness of the nig-ht before, be heard to mutter imprecations of direful wrath upon the heads of the urchins whose vandal hands had strewn the earth with leaves and branches. The final solution of this problem was to relieve all the fruit trees of their fruit at an early stage of its growth, and thus remove the temptation whose indulg-ence could not be prevented. In those da ' s the walk leading- from the street to the front of the building- consisted of three planks, laid lengthwise, very steep in places; and in rainv weather it was traversed at the risk of life and limb. The natural drainag-e of the hills to the north of us was b} ' a sloug-h that crossed the back portion of the grounds and debouched into Hope street. During- periods of heavy rain, this waterwa} ' became a raging torrent, filling- Hope street to the depth of two or more feet, and making approach from the south and the west impossible. The student of the present day can scarcely realize that the enclosure containing- the beautiful tennis courts was then the bottom of a channel, filled with debris from the hills and the dumping g-round for the neig-hborhood. Yet it is only when such facts are realized that we can fully appreciate the gratitude we ow e to those through whose agency the present attractive and comfortable conditions have been evolved from those in existence a few 3 ' ears ago. During the succeeding six or seven years of the school ' s history its g-rowth was steady and its course was constantly upward; the graduates were more and more in demand by the school districts, which were rapidly multiplying- as the cit} ' and county were realizing the marvelous increase of popula- tion which characterized those -ears. The excellence of the work done by the graduates in practical teaching soon broug-ht the school into favorable notice, both in Southern California and in distant sections; so that the diploma of the institution soon became an excellent testimonial of the holder ' s fitness to teach. During those years very few changes in the facult} ' occured, except by the addition of new teachers as the growth of the school demanded. In the year 1885-6 Mrs. Mar} A. Heath, now Mrs. En glish, was added to the faculty, and Mr. R. L. Kent took the place of Mrs. Valentine in the department of music. In two 3 ' ears Mrs. Heath resig-ned and was married to Mr. Eng-lish, an attorne}- of Los Angeles. This union was of onl}- three and one-half 3 ' ears ' duration ; when, for the second time, the afflicting hand of Providence clothed her in weeds of widowhood. Mrs. English became a teacher of science in the Los Ang-eles High School, but was reappointed • to the faculty of the Normal School in 1892, and has since then remained in charge of the work in chemistr}-; bringing to that and other departments of work the fruits of a thoroug-h preparation and a mind, both from nature and training, well adapted to the instruction and guidance of 3 ' outh. Mr. Kent ' s connection with the school ceased in 1893. He was a man of weak physical powers, and returned to his home in Boston to die of consumption. In 1887 Miss Josephine E. Seaman and Miss Alice J. Merritt became members of the faculty. The former has continued to the present time an active a ent in the prog-ressive work of the school, save during- the period of one year, during- which time of absence on sick leave, her place was ably filled by Mr. R. E. Hier- onymus. The facult} ' were very reluctant to surrender the valuable services and the pleasing- association of Miss Merritt in 1897, when, womanlike, she laid aside the functions of a teacher and assumed those of a wife. During- the two years, from 1889-91, the school enjoyed the valuable services, in the department of chemistry, of a talented young- lady from New York, Miss Helen Cooley, who has since g-raduated in medicine, and is practicing her profes- sion in that city. In 1890 occurred a somewhat radical chang-e in the facult} ' by the withdrawal of Prof. C. J. Flatt, up to that time the Vice Principal of the school, and the appoint- ment in his place of Prof. C. E. Hutton, as the head of the department of mathematics. Professor Hutton has been longer in the teachers ' harness than any other member of the present faculty, and broug-ht to the aid of the administra- tion the advantag-es of a judgment and an experience which have contributed larg-ely to the streng-th and prog-ress of the institution. The same 3 ' ear witnessed the erection and furnishing- of the g-ymnasium, then said to be the onh g " yni- nasium in connection with any Normal School in the United States. This step marked a radical departure from the s ' s- tem of ph3 ' sical exercise which had prevailed previous ' , con- sisting- simply of weekly calisthenics for one period in the assembly room. Mr. Theodore Bessing-, a trainer of athletes, and him- self a splendid illustration of the power of careful training-, was placed in charge of the gymnasium and its work, and soon inspired the students of both sexes with great enthusiasm in the exercises that led to their better ph3 sical development. This department passed in 1896 into the capable hands of Miss Sarah J. Jacobs, a careful student of physical culture, under whose wise guidance the department has maintained its reputation for excellence, and has come to be regarded as an indispensiblc factor in the s -mmetrical development of the Normal student. In 1893 the vacanc}- in the musical department was filled b} ' the appointment of Mrs. Juliet P. Rice, then of San Dieg-o, a lad}- who had had extended experience in her life, and under whose leadership some most excellent and difficult musical ren- ditions were g-iven with much credit by the students. In 1898 her resig nation left the place again vacant, and the appointment was conferred upon Miss Jennie Hag-an, formerly associated withTomlin, the noted musical director of Chicago. In 1893 another change of far-reaching import transpired in the administration of the affairs of the school. A year previous to this time. Prof. Ira More, the Principal, had pre- sented his resignation, to take effect June 30, 1893, thus giving the board of trustees ample time to consider the question of his successor. The choice fell upon Principal Edward T. Pierce, then at the head of the State Normal School at Chico, Cal., which position he had held since the organization of that in- stitution, four years before. Professor Pierce entered upon the duties of his new field of labor with much ardor and zeal, and found an ample field for the exercise of all the strength, energ}- and tact which he could command. Through the representations of his predecessor concern- ing the rapidl3 ' -developing needs of the school, and the utter inadequacy of the original building and equipment to the ever- increasing demands, the State Legislature had appropriated seventy-five thousand dollars for the enlargement that the growth of the school and the expansion of educational methods had made necessary. These funds being available at the beginning of the new Principal ' s term of office, imposed upon him a labor and re- sponsibility ' , in addition to that usuall}- attaching to the posi- tion, which exacted no small amount of time, energy- and care; and which, it may be truthfull} said, were discharged with credit to himself and profit to the State. It was a year before the school moved into its additional commodious quarters, but this move witnessed a transforma- tion of all the internal arrangement which only the students of former j-ears can fully appreciate. The enlargement and embellishment of the offices of the Principal and Preceptress and of the library; the creation of a ph3 ' sical laboratory, a biolog " ical laboratory, a Sloj ' d de- partment; the erection of a new and separate building- for a chemical laboratory, and the exchange of the old assembly hall, with its school desks for seats, and its contracted area, for a hall whose beauty, proportions and adaptability are second to none in Southern California, are among- the most striking changes that were instituted at this time. With these enlarged and multiplied places for work came a corresponding increase in the facilities for work, in the way of material, appliances and S3 ' stematic method, which marked a veritable epoch in the histor}- of the school. The enlargement of the work meant also an increase in the number of workers, and at this time, 1894, were added to the faculty Dr. James H. Shults, Miss Mary A. Lathrop and Miss Agnes Crar}-, in the departments respectively of ph ' sics, Sloyd and drawing, and English. At the same time the resignation of Miss Emma L. Hawks, who had been the Preceptress of the school from its foundation, and the appointment of Mrs. Isabel W. Pierce, wife of the Principal, to that important position, wrought a still further change in the personnel of the faculty-. During the twelve years of her connection with the school Miss Hawks had impressed herself upon the life and character of the school as few could have done in the same time. Pos- sessed of a bright and cultured intellect, and a genial, sympa- thetic disposition, she discharged the delicate duties of her office with ease, g-race and fidelity. The memory of her name and work will ever linger with a delightful fragrance in the minds of those with whom she was associated. Her successor brought to the functions of this important position the advantages of her experience in similar work at Chico, combined with a wealth of g-ood sense, clear judg-- ment and a motherh ' heart. So that, from the beginning, the school has been fortunate in having the personal interests of the young- ladies entrusted to safe hands. The year 1894-95 also witnessed a marked enlargement of the art department and the beginning of the work in Sloyd. These were to be continued under one head in the person of Miss Mary A. Lathrop, a lady of eminent qualities of heart and head and hand; but she was permitted only to enter upon the work to which she was called, when she was stricken with typhoid fever, and passed to her reward. This was the first time in the history of the school that death had made an inroad into the ranks of the faculty, and the sad occurrence cast a perceptible g-loom over the work of the school for some days. The org-anization of that department, however, suffered but a temporary backset; the drawing being- placed under the direction of Miss Ada M. Laug-hlin, whose reputation for skill and thoroug-hness had preceded her, and the Sloyd was committed to the competent hands of Mr. Charles M. Miller, a g-raduate of this institution of the class of ' 91, who had made special preparation for this line of work. Mr. Miller enjoys the distinction of being- the first alumnus of the school to be appointed to a position in its faculty; and well has he responded to the hig-h expectations of his fellow alumni in the excellence of results produced in his department. To a naturally-mathematical mind he adds a decided mechanical g-enius, a love for work and the dig-nity of a Christian gentleman — a combination that insures success. Under his direction this comparatively-new phase of public education has been introduced into the training school, and the results have proved eminently satisfactory to all concerned. An enlargement for the facilities for work in this depart- ment, both in the Normal and training schools, is contem- plated in the expenditure of the appropriation made for that and kindred purposes by the Legislature at its last session. The art department of the school, though not new, has assumed so many additional phases and been made to cover so much broader a field as to have lost all semblance to the work that was possible under former restricted conditions. Under Miss Laughlin ' s able leadership, the reputation of the school for excellence in this department has spread abroad, while the teacher herself is in demand at all teachers ' gatherings in this section of the State for instruction and needful sug- gestion in the lovely art that both beautifies and purifies ; and, as might naturally be expected, her heart is big enough to respond to the needs of all. The expansion of the work of the school about this time was g-eneral, and its division into departments more defined and specific, was accomplished. Under this arrangement the department of science took on new life and assumed much greater importance. Laboratories were provided and furnished for the study of phA ' sics, chemistry-, biolog-} ' and g-eog-raph}-, and to the faculty were added such teachers of skill and experience as were neces- sary to thoroug-h instruction in these subjects. Dr. James H. Shults was apponited to the chair of physics, and broug-ht to that department a mind well stored with systematic and prac- tical knowledg-e and the art of " educating- by doing-, " so es- sential to a clear apprehension of an} ' subject dependent upon experiment. In this connection it is well to state that, in the addition to the building-, was provided an " emergency room, " suitably furnished for rest and reclining-, and with all neces- sary medicines ; intended as a place of retirement of an3 young- lad} ' student taken suddenly ill or meeting- with an accident, and needing immediate medical attention. The control of this was placed in the hands of Dr. Shults, whose skill as a practical physican and whose sympathetic in- terest have contributed very largely to the relief and comfort of those brought into sudden need. The biological work was divided between Miss Monks and Mr. B. M. Davis, the latter of whom, though one of the most recent accessions to the facult} ' , has taken a high stand, both in the school and in the community, for his thorough knowledge of his subject, his skill in imparting information and his genial temperament. Under his supervision has recently been constructed a botanical garden on the school grounds, intended for work in experimental botan3 This has been tastefully divided into S3 mmetrical beds, bounded by graceful walks, and will be uti- lizied b}- both the Normal and training departments. It is at once a thing of beauty and utilit}-. Under the quiet but thorough and systematic management of Mr. James F. Chamberlain, the subject of geography- has grown into one of much greater interest and importance to the school than ever before. Map drawing and map moulding, especially the latter, has received marked attention, and with results most gratifying. The science of geography, if it may be so called, touching, as it does, all other sciences, is being made contributory to clearer apprehension in man}- directions, and of practical value in the every-da} ' problems of life. The department of Eng-lish was also, about the time above alluded to, materiall}- strengthened and unified. The addition to the teaching- force of this department of Miss Ag-nes Crary and Miss Emma Breck, both g-raduates of the State University, contributed ver}- larg-ely to the most ex- cellent work for which it has been characterized in late years; while the more-recent appointment of Miss Etta Moore, ag-rad- uate of the University of Oregon, has still further strengthened the institution in this most important department of education. At the middle of the present term, Miss Crary, yielding to the heaven-born instincts of womanhood, preferred the mat- rimonial state to that of so-called " single blessedness, " and re- signing her situation, sailed for Honolulu, where she will doubtless adorn and bless the society into which she will be thrown. Her successor, Mrs. Mar}- G. Barnum, comes to the school backed by a reputation for scholarship and teaching power which is a guarantee of abundant success. The subject of read- ing was for some 3 ' ears taught by teachers whose major work was in connection with some other subject, but in 1894 this branch was placed in the hands of a special instructor, with a view to making voice culture a special phase of the work. The first teacher to have exclusive charge of this work was Miss Grace Jones, who remained in this connection for two j ears, being compelled by sickness in the famih ' to surrender her position before the expiration of her last term. She was fol- lowed, as a substitute, by Miss Zitella Ebert, who met with an accident during the following vacation which rendered her continuance impossible. In the year 1897-98 the department came under the control IMr. Charles D. Von Neuma3 ' er, the present incumbent ; and t he wisdom of having made this branch of study a subject to itself has been demonstrated. Still another marked and far- reaching departure from the former regime characterized the memorable year of 1894-95. This was the establishment of a department of pedagogy and psycholog} with which should be combined the superin- tendency of the work in the training- department. Since a Normal School is established primaril}- for the fitting- of teachers for the public schools, it is evident that the depart- ment about to be org-anized would be of prime importance, seeing- that its work was that most immediately and vitall} ' connected with the philosophy of teaching-. To put this de- partment on a solid foundation from the beg-inning-, therefore, became a question of vital importance, and too much care could not be given to the selection of the rig-ht man to exercise the controlling- influence. The Principal realizing this, made most careful inquiry, and finally selected Prof. F. B. Dresslar of Indiana, whose preparation at Clark University and ex- perience as superintendent of schools and instructor in phil- osophy had admirably fitted him lor engineering- a problem new to our school, if not to Normal Schools in general. Besides a g-ood mental preparation for such work, Dr. Dresslar possessed rare qualities of spirit that g-ave him peculiar adaptation to meet the varied conditions embodied in child study and to elucidate the profound principles involved in the new psycholog-} ' . To g " ive the widest scope for the operations of the new department, or, rather, of the old department in its reorgan- ized form, the training school, which had for several years comprised only three teachers, was enlarg-ed to include every grade from the first to the ninth, each under a separate teacher. The results of the first year ' s work were highly g-ratifying-, b ut the undertaking was found to involve more than could be done by any one man, and an assistant in this de- partment was appointed in the person of Mr. Everett Shepard- • son, whose systematic methods, capacity for work, strong mentality, and persistent energ-y, have furnished a very larg-e contribution both to that particular department and to the strength of the facult} " at larg-e. Later, it was thoug-ht best to reduce the number of teachers in the training- school, and to retain only eight g-rades, representing- all the work done below the High School course. The training teachers have, from that time to the present, numbered five. At the end of Dr. Dresslar ' s second year, his services were called into requisition by the authorities of the State University in the department of pedag-ogy, and it was with great reluctance that the Normal faculty surrendered its claim upon his time and thoug-ht. Ag-ain the problem of finding- a man adapted to this diffi- cult work devolved upon the President of the school, who, with his wonted vigor, set to work with a view of obtaining the very best that the country could afford. The result of these inquiries was the selection of Dr. Charles C. Van Liew of the State Normal School of Illinois, whose reputation as a profound thinker, a forceful writer and speaker, and a lucid teacher, especialh ' in pedagogical and ps xhological lines, had became well known throughout the country. Like Dr. Dresslar, Dr. Van Liew combines a strong- physical frame with a thoroughly-cultured mind, a genial disposition and a normal character based on hig-h ideas, and the State is fortu- nate in having him so vitally connected with the training- of those who are to become guides and instructors of 3 ' outh. One of the most important changes instituted at the time of the general expansion, was the increase of the course of study from three years to four. This was not effected by the addition of a full 3 ' ear ' s work ; but, while some studies were added, more time was given to the thorough accomplishment of the work formerly completed in three years, especially in such studies as required laboratory- methods. This extension of the time caused an increase in the number of classes, which, in turn, necessitated still further assistance in the new department. To fill this need Miss Kate Brousseau was appointed in 1898, and divides her attention between ps3 ' cholog-y and mathematics. Miss Brousseau was a mem- ber of the first class that graduated from this institution, the class of ' 82, and was the second alumnus to become a member of the faculty of the school. Being a natural student, she has given herself larg-ely to the work of broader culture and better preparation in modern thought and methods of instruction ; and being of French extraction, she has preferred to pursue her special in- vestigations in Paris, where she came in contact with some of the foremost thinkers of the age. Another most impor- tant departure from the ordinary Normal course was insti- tuted in 1897. The growing- interest in kindergarten educa- tion that has marked the history of educational means and methods dtiring- the last few 3 ' ears, made it evident that there would soon be a larg-e demand for carefully-trained kinder- g-arten teachers, and President Pierce determined to add to the school a thoroug-hly-equipped kinderg-arten department, from which should be graduated such material as would be amply qualified to assume leadership in the development of this comparatively-new phase of public education on the Pacific Coast. With rare good judgment, the selection of a head for this new department was made, which reflects great credit upon those instrumental in bringing it about. The choice fell upon Miss Florence Lawson of the Kin- dergarten Colleg " e of Chicago, whose management of the work has been eminently creditable and satisfactory. She unites decided organizing power with strong social qualities and a clear insight into child-nature, and has already placed the department upon a footing of permanence and excellence second to no other of the kind in the land. In the accom- plishment of this task, she has been most ably assisted by Miss Bertha M. Andrews of the same cit}-, whose winning ways with children are the natural expression of a heart in sympathy with the purity and confiding trust of the little ones. The facilities furnished for successful work in this department are in keeping with the liberal spirit that has ever characterized the administration of the aifairs of the school, and the abundant fruit it has yielded is sufficient evidence of its wisdom. The training department of the Normal School has, from the beginning, been one of its most admirable features. Kxcept during the first few years of the school ' s existence, it has been the policy of the administration to appoint teachers of the training department from among the alumni of the Normal School, thus maintaining a unity of purpose and a harmon} ' of method indispensible to the highest success in such work. Selections, in the first place, were made from those of the alumni who had exhibited unusual skill in their experience as teachers in the public schools, and those who were selected have, to a remarkable degree, retained their connection with the school, the result of a proficiency and fidelity which can- not be too hig-hly commended. The following- members of the alumni have been con- nected with the training- school during- the periods named : Mrs. Frances Byram ; 1887-99 ; Miss Clara Stoltenberg-, 1887-92 ; Miss Carrie Reeves, 1891-99 ; Miss Agnes Elliott, 1892-95 ; Mrs. Albertina Smith, 1894-99 ; Mrs. Clara Preston, 1894-99; Miss Franc Hawks, 1894-96; Miss Minnie Eg-an, 1895-96 ; Miss Eva Griswold, 1895-96. From 1882-91 Miss Martha M. Knapp was the controllings spirit in that department, a lady whose g-entle spirit and faithful service endeared her to all who came in contact with her. In 1891 Mrs. B3 ram became principal of the department, and has remained the efficient head to the present time. In addition to the four alumni who are eng-ag-ed in this work at the present time, the school enjoys the valuable services of Mrs. E. W. Edwards, a lady of mature years and ripe ex- perience, whose tender, motherly heart admirably fits her for the control and instruction of children. In keeping- with the growth of the school in other directions has been the expansion of the library, which now possesses for the free use of the facult} and student body several thousand carefully selected volumes and many of the leading- magazines of the day. This essential feature of the school ' s life and work is under the competent direction of Miss Dunn, whose many sided talents, spirit of justice and untiring devotion to every interest of the school has gained for her the title of " the students ' friend. " As librarian she is ably assisted by Miss Grace Richard- son, whose quiet demeanor and accommodating spirit are in excellent harmon}- with her systematic methods and habits of punctuality. The duties devolving upon Miss Dunn as librarian have made it necessary to give her an assis ant in the department of histor} ' , of which department she has had the direction for some years. This necessity was met at the opening of the present term by the appointment of Miss Agnes Elliott, a graduate of the school, and formerly connected with the training department. Miss Elliott has had special preparation in this line of work, both at Stanford University and the University of Cali- fornia, and comes to her new place well equipped for the im- portant work required at her hands. She is the third mem ber of the alumni that has been made a member of the faculty. From this review of the history of the institution and of its present status, it may readily be seen that marvelous advances have been made, and that for a school yet less than twenty years old a degree of excellence has been attained that cannot fail to be highly gratifying to those entrusted with its management and satisfactory to the State at large. The school has, from the beginning, enjoyed the inestimable advantage of having trustees who were imbued with the spirit of education, controlled by a high sense of justice, and deeply in sympathy with the needs and aims of the institu- tion. They have freel} ' and cheerfully given to its interests that attention and enlightened business judgment so essential to the highest success of any great public enterprise, and have contributed in no small measure to the present honor- able distinction which the school enjoys among the Normal Schools of America. But, after all, the chief consideration by which any insti- tution ' s work and merit are to be judged is to be found in the character of its completed product — its body of alumni. To these, now numbering about one thousand, our insti- tution can point with pride and satisfaction. Distributed throughout the schools of the State, but particularly in Southern California, man} ' - of them occupying places of high rank, as principals of grammar schools, they have, with a very few exceptions, reflected great credit upon their Alma Mater, both in the eifectiveness of their work and by their dignified bearing as men and women. Certainly such a record affords both satisfaction for the past and inspiration for the future ; and when is taken into consideration the fact that a liberal appropriation was made by the Legislature a few months ago ( not yet availab e ) for still further and im- portant enlargement, especially in the line of industrial education and the domestic arts, we can but contemplate with pleasing satisfaction the high place our school is destined to occupy among the educational agencies of the land, and be grateful for having been permitted to contribute somewhat to its orrowth and its achiev ement. t »..♦... .♦..... ♦ » I ORGANIZATIONS. | The Skull and Crossbones . S org-anized in March, 1898, by the following- charter )U members : Messrs. Neely, Lopez, Laug-hlin, Lawrence, Whitaker, Meyer and Baker. The membership has been almost doubled in this first year of the club ' s existence, the roll at present being- : Charles Meyer, Robert Neely, Charles Thorpe and Georg-e Boden, ' 99 ; Elmer Lawrence, Ramon Lopez, Stewart Laughlin, W. E. White and Ralph Chase, ' 00 ; Lawrence Lindsay, Forest Whitaker, C. W. Baker and Guy Duckworth, ' 01. The white carnation was adopted the official flower. The club meets every Wednesday afternoon after school m the south attic. The programmes, prepared by a special committee, consisting- of the Scribe, the Interpreter and the Holder of the Bag, are always literary in their make-up ; and the club is frequently entertained by brilliant (?) extempo- raneous speeches from the members. The benefits to be derived from learning to " think upon one ' s feet " are not ignored for parliamentary practice often forms a feature of the programme. An election of officers was held May 17, and with due ceremony the following officers were installed : Charles Thorpe, Grand Master ; Stewart Laughlin, Scribe ; Elmer Lawrence, Interpreter ; Forest Whitaker, Holder of the Bag. The retiring Grand Master acts as Sergeant-at-Arms during the administration succeeding his own. Webster Club. T ' HE Webster Club seems to be taking a much-needed rest. v It is to be hoped that it will shine with all the more brilliancy when it does awake. Alpha Pi Psi. HE Alpha Pi Psi has but lately been org-atiized. It is a kJ young- ladies ' reading- club, each meeting being devoted to the study of some one author. The membership is limited. The following are the present officers and members : Officers — Marie Widney, President ; Cecilia Norton, Vice President; Bonnie Travis, Secretar}-; Helen Rosenthal, Treasurer. Members — Misses Carmelita Troconiz, Adelaide Jones, Florence Whitting-ton, Browning Harlan, Effie Steinart, Isa- bel Sylvia, Ella Redmond, Banna Rolfe, Blanche McCormack, Isabel Travis, Augusta Ouber, Emilita Abbott, Josie Widney, Mabel Patterson and Catherine Patterson. Dramatic Club. HE Senior B Dramatic Club has recently elected new vJ officers. President, Reba Cooper ; Recording Secretary, Elsie Tyler. The club, under the direction of Mr. Von Neu- ma3-er, is studying Shakespeare ' s " As You Like It. " The meetings are exceedingly interesting and instructive. Delta Sigma. BE Delta Sigma met recently and elected the following J officers: President, S. V. Good; Vice President, J. Schlaegal ; Secretary, J. Galup. With this excellent corps of officers the club hopes to do good work. Phi Gamma Tou. HI GAMMA TOU is but a late organization in our vj school. It nevertheless will hold its own among the other societies, when once it gets in working trim. It is the inten- tion of the members to make this club one of the shining lights in the history of school societies. There are at present twent3--one members : Mamie Fanning, Miss McCann, Grace Perry, Idele Weatherholt, Edith Peckham, Pauline Nemitz, Ida Fish, Ella Redmond, Mamie Redmond, Isabel Borth- wick, Adrinne Dowell, Cora Boquest, Nellie Breen, Miss Gambe, Florence Newell, Mary Noble, Edna Raymer, Mabel Barnes, Nora Sterry, Helen Louis and Elizabeth Vincent. Itopia. r ATOPIA, althoug-h it still holds its meeting ' s, has not UC shown its usual spirit for some time, but it is hoped that the new year will add life and vigor to its prosperity. Glee Club. HE Glee Club has been hard at work preparing Com- J mencement music. Owing- to the lack of time for practice, the club has not done as g ood work as it wished to do. Normal Students ' Association. HE association has for sometime, in addition to the reg-u- J lar business meeting ' s, a musical and literary programme rendered ever} ' other Wednesday afternoon. The arrangement of these prog-rammes has been in the hands of an efficient committee, who secured good outside talent, as well as the best the school afforded, and in every wa} ' made the hour spent enjoyable. Scientific Optician and Jeweler . . . Grayduale of Cliicag ' o Collcfire of Oplhalniolofry. All Kinds of Optical (ioons. Eyes Tested Free. S, B, BAILEY. 353 S. Broadway, near Fourth St. ••- NPW Mary A. Noble, » ♦I I L-ttO. Department Editor. •J Commencement ! ! Farewell Class of ' 99. Ask Miss Teale, who " arose without a thorn ? " Mr. Von Neuma3 ' er says we should sing- with an educated slur. You should have seen Miss F. ' s eyes flash when Mr. Dozier asked Miss B. if her name was Netz. Heard in the Dramatic Club — Oh, Rosalind, don ' t wink at me like that ; you ' ll completely out do me. Mr. Van Liew ( calling- the roll) — Miss P y, I have an absent mark ag-ainst your name. Where ' s your excuse ? Miss P V — I was not absent, only tardy. Mr. Van Liew — How about your excuse for tardiness ? Miss P y — Oh, I spoke to Miss Dunn about it, and she said it was all risfht. ' tz Meu European Specialist -JikRuptiire Curing. Through my orig-itial and natural meth od without operation, injection or detention -from business, I g-ive reliel and comfort at once. Otifice Hours — 9 to 12 a.m., 2 to 5 p.m. 642 South Main Street, Los Angeles, Cai. ' iW ' . Parker ' s Book Store, - f 246 SOUTH BROADWAY, S S I Public Library g§, And inspect the Largest, Most Varied and Most Complete !$ Stock of Books west of Chicago. C. C. PARKER, Prop. Miss Belle Borthwick has been absent from her classes on ac- count of illness. A Senior B -oung- lad} ' elec- trified her class one da}- b} ' the new g-rammatical construction, " More remoter. " Emma should be looked after. A FEW DON ' TS. Don ' t talk in assembl}-. Don ' t laugh in the halls. Don ' t think it necessary to publically embrace your friend because she g ives you a flower. Don ' t get your gymnasium class in an uncomfortable position and leave them there for five minutes, while you think of the proper command to return them to place. Don ' t forget 3 ' ou owe a dutA ' to the State. Don ' t forget 3 ' our week for library work. Don ' t forget to take proper drawing: material to class. PROF. IRA L GUILFORD Graduate of Class ' 76 FOWLER WELLS INSTITUTE. New York, Scientific Phrenologist A " ' ' Palmist . . . His powerful ps.vchic search- light penetrates your life, illu- mines your cap- abilities, and directs your line of success. Investigate his volume of written com- mendations from more than 500 of his patrons in this city. To be seen and con- sulted at his parlors. Take advantage of his inspiration; the brief- est interview will convince you of his uncom- mon powers. Photographs and hand writing read. 316 ' 2 South Spring Street, Los Angeles, Cal. MacKenzie House Eiegamiy furnished throughout. Rates reasonable. Hot baths. Electric lights. House first class. 82 " !2 South Spring Street, Los Angeles, Cal. S ' 3 ' S: ' S ' 3 ' S ' S ' S ' S ' j ' S ' 3 ' S ' 3 ' -S ' : ' 3 : ' S : ' S ' ' d-S-S-S-S-S : ' S :A TEL. BROWN 1375- dental work, some more than neces- sary to pay for the best work : some less than enoufrh to make the best work possible. My charfjes are less than the higrhest, but I do not ask you to consider them the lowest. Consider quality of the work first and foremf)st. and I shall be very g ' lad to talk to you about my chartres for any tooth care that you may require. SPINKS BLOCK, COR. FIFTH AND HILL STS. Oir Vi b ib it Of iA b li b b it b kr For sug-g-estions for stag-e smil- ing-, g-o to Miss Peckham. Miss Wa-te and Mr, Bo-ke seem to be at sword ' s points. Wonder what ' s the matter ? Who was Mr. White thinking- of when he sang- " Sweet Lass of Richmond Hill " so emphatically-? Miss Seaman — What about Shakespeare ' s early life? Miss Blind — He was very rash. Miss Seaman — Wh}- ? Miss Blind — He g-ot married. D. ANTOGNELLI. MANUFACTURER OF Statuary, Medallions And Busts. . . . First-Class Work Guaranteed. 1044 MACY STREET, Los Angeles, CaL KOOH-KS, And Printing 211 SOUTH MAIN STREET. TEL. MAIN 1291. Nadeau Cafe THE BEST. THE MOST CENTRAL. THE MOST REASONABLE IX PRICE. ' :! ' !■{? i;i rfrff First and Spring Streets. Why did Miss Ausmus ask, ' Won ' t we have another leap- year before 19U4 ? " One morning- lately, Mrs. Wil- liams of Mineapolis, who has recently spent some time in the Sandwich Islands, gave an in- teresting- talk on " Education in Hawaii " before the assembly. Some suggestions for the read- ing class : Breathe correctly. Don ' t stand like a stick. Don ' t let the voice fall at the end of a line. Practice a mechanical smile, if you don ' t possess a natural one. Don ' t talk in the hall going to and from assemblv. If 3-ou have a sad piece, don ' t be satisfied until 3 ' ou make 3 ' our hearers weep. SOCIETY, The High School section of the Senior A class enjoyed a most delightful wheeling part}- on one of the last moonlight nights. After a pleasant ride, the party arrived at the home of Miss Berry, on Central avenue, where they were delightfull} ' entertained with a unique guessing game and dancing (?). The decorations were exceedingh- pretty. Masses of peach blossoms, bridal wreath and lilacs were arranged in the parlors. The library and halls t SOUTH A ' % ? PASADENA OSTRICH •J»»r...» »» »j,,; » «.j..J. «|. FARM. 100 % si: 100 •J One of the stranjfest sig-hts in the ♦ United States. — N.Y. Journal, Christ- ♦J« mas Number. 1808. Henry J. Pauly, i(. Blankbookmaker ' ' ' And General Bookbinder. Magazines, Music and Works of Art Bound in Any Style. 115 ' 2 NORTH MAIN ST.. Phone Brown 312. Los Angeles, Cal. MISS MARY E, SPEAR, PROFESSIONAL NURSE. Electricity, Scientific Massatfe and Baths. 4li5 ' 2 SOUTH BROADWAY. Koutns IS and 19. Los Angeles. C. l. ANALYSIS BY THE University It Southern California And Recommeded by the Leadin Physicians Of Soutliern Caiifornia Grs. per Gal. Potassium Sulphate 15 Sodium Chloride 4.6 ' » Sodium Bicarbonate... 22 32 Sodium Hydrosulphate .31 Calcium Carbonate 963 Matrnesium Sulphate.. 10.54 Iron Carbonate 12 Alumina 1 Silicia 25 Natural Mineral Spring Wate In the Manufacture of a our Bottled Goods such as Iron Brew, Belfast Ginger Ale, Siphon Soda and Mil eral Waters, Sarsaparilla and Iro Tonic, Plain Soda Water, Flavored Soda Water, Ramona Club Soda, Coca Cola, etc. Special attention g-iven to fountain Soda Water, Fru Syrups and Ciders. F. A. HEIM BOTTLING WORKS TELEPHONE MAIN 250 401405 Ramirez Street Near Macy Los Angeles, Cal THE LOS ANGELES SCHOOL OF ART AND DESIGN INCORPORATED. ESTABLISHED 1887. The oiil.v Art School in Southern Cali- fornia, complete in every department, pro- viding a complete Art Education from the rudiments to highest branches. Under instructors of international reputation. Special arrangements for those desiring only branch studies. 614 South Hill St., Los Angeles, Cal. L. E. GAROEN-MACLEODj Director. MALCOLM MACLEOD SeC ' Y and MQR. were made beautiful with banks of roses and tall g ' rasses. The patronesses were Mrs. M. T. Berry and Mrs. George Scott of Phoenix, Ariz. Among- those present were : Misses Emma Widney, Charlotte Teale, Cornelia Bowen, Laura Hogan, Maude Young, Katharine Powell, Martha Bohan, Ella Cannon, Grace Carpenter, Carrie Stuhlman, Mabel Griffith, Lupe Lopez, Carmelita Troconiz, Rob- erts, Alma Roberts, Lydia Colton and Vida Berry ; Messrs. Hogan, Richard Thompson, Arthur Teachers . . . Find it a good business policy to secure positions through the FISK TEACHERS ' AGENCY, 525 STIMSON BLOCK, Call or write. Los Angeles, Cal. Stearns Bicycles $30-$40-$50-$60 L. B. WINSTON, 534 South Broadway. 11 11 -«■«-«-«■«-«■«■ s- «- - e s- - e a- fr e- «- a- ar s- s- s- e- «-. «■ e- s- - e «- s Refinement Is a quality from within — that expresses itself in outward signs. Rough diamonds are valuable — when found — but most people would hardly rec- ognize them. Polish improves the most flaw- less gem. Good teeth are the polishing stamp of refinement to a face. Painless dentistry — moderate charges and warranted work— make good teeth easy to have and keep. Spinks Block, Cor. Fifth and Hill Sts -3 :-S " 3 -S :-§ " 3 3 -S -$ -S " S 3 -S :-£ 3 -s -S 3 ' S 3 " S . , , .Jl, .l,Ji. ■.. ' . i ' i i •i ' ' i ' i ' •i ' ' i ' ' i ' ' •{ , -. ♦ ♦ WE AIM TO OUR MOTTO PLEASE OUR CUSTOMERS y . Telephone Green 1882 Allan Falconer Company m.. .:m 620 South Broadway Los Angeles. Cal. THE NORMAL EXPONENT IS A SAMPLE OF OUR WORK ♦ •J. •I- ♦5 jI ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ' 1899 Rambler Bicycles $40 THE BEST RAMBLERS EVER MADE. W. K. COWAN, Agent. 207 West Fifth Street. TELEPHONE GREEN 1975. Perr3% Fred Dennis, Harry Houu-h, C. C. Van Liew, James Howland, Edmund Bohan, Frank Waters, Charles Thorpe, M. T. Berry, R. Harris, D. Corfield, Lawrence Baxtrand, H. Sanford. Paul Haines, Peter Jackson, Harrison and Brown ; Mesdames Berry and Scott. The members of the Middle B class entertained informally with a class party Friday evening-, Ma} ' 5. The reception rooms of the Normal School were artisti- cally decorated in red and g-reen. Pink sweet peas were the flowers used for decorating- the room in which the refreshments were served ; a large bunch in a cut- glass bowl forming the center piece of each table, with others scattered loosely over the cloths, mingled with delicate ferns. The greater portion of the evening was spent in dancing. The guests all reported an enjoy- able time. Miss Katharine Powell delight- fully entertained the Senior A 2 class at her home on East Thirty- sixth street. Every member of the class was present to enjoy the Ladies, Attention. In the three years that I have been lo- cated in Los Ang-eles I have cured hundreds of people of both sexes. Many others might have been cured had they followed . my instructions, but beins: satisfied with relief and comfort at once have gone away and failed to follow my instructions. Such ones are not cured, and by their own care- lessness work injury to themselves and are no benefit to me. I am satisfied only when the patient can honestly say : " I am Cured. " Could I tell beforehand that a person would not follow my directions faithfully, I would under no conditions take that per- son into my hands, as my whole desire is to CURE, which is impossible without follow- ing ray instructions. Many ladies have followed my directions faithfully and have been cured. LTnder no circumstances is the name of a lady mentioned. Some of the ladies who have been cured b ' me have requested out of their sympathy " for suffer- ing sisters that I refer an} ' lady, who be- lieves she is suffering from Rupture, as many ladies do not know that the cause of their suffering is Rupture, to them in order to have a personal interview. Such names and addresses may be had by calling at my office, where there is always a lady in at- tendance. 642 South Main Street, Los Angeles, Cal. For the Best Bicycle Repairing At lowest prices, go to n. ARTHIR BURGESS, 434 South Broadway. Or call up Telephone Green 1976. Wheels called for and delivered. afternoon ' s pleasures. Miss Pow- ell has a beautiful collection of C. D. Gibson ' s pen-pictures, and her fine artistic skill in working- from them was shown in the prizes awarded for success in the games. Threading- needles proved Miss Griffith most nimble in the use of her fing-ers, while Miss Young- ' s g-uess was nearest the right number of violets in a bowl. Dainty refreshments and music were highh ' enjoyed, and the class was unanimous in its opinion that Miss Powell was a model hostess. Miss Panky, ' 98, has followed the example of her classmates. The Normal extends her con- gratulations, but advises her singfle Alumni to " wait awhile. " The Delta Sigma gave a de- lightful boating party at West- lake on the evening of May 27. The fun began about 8 o ' clock, and by 8:30 the lake was a scene of merry confusion. Miss Laugh- lin acted as chaperone, and sugared the party with her usual sweetmeats. After enjoying the individual rowing for about an hour, the boats gathered, and the}- sang the good old songs of the past and the popular songs of the present, while Mr-: Good accom- panied them upon the harmonica. The party then strung out in a long line and took a J0II3 ' row around the lake, the boats with their merry occupants giving a beautiful effect as they wound in and out under the pla} ' of the electric lights. For Reliable Inforination, Apply to LOS ANGELES, CAL. Hotel Gray A FAHILV HOTEL. Has all modem improvements, convenient for churches, theaters and depots. Street cars pass the door. Rooms spacious, ligrht and sunn3-. Prices moderate. . . . MRS. C. M. GRAY. Prop. 234 South IMain Street. PHONE BROWN 1569. Among- those present were : Misses Woodbury, Schofield, Jen- kins, Weltz, Josie Dunn, Hen- dricks, Tritt, Marie Widne} ' , Cob- ler, Noyes, Davis, Mullen, Bean, Roloma Adams, Adda Barnes and Miss Laug-hlin ; Messrs, O, Laws, Requa, Robison, Maxfield, Ruess, Noyes, Neel, Good, Mag- offin, Bourland, Schlegel, Chaffee, Campbell and Boehncke. MARRIAGES, Mr. Dick Mitchell, ' 98, and ] Iiss Lola Bedford, ' 98, were mar- ried recentl} ' . Mr. Nichols, ' 97, was married Dewey Day. " The better the da} ' the better the deed. " Mr. Wesley Hill, at one time a member of the Class of ' 98, has forsaken the paths of single blessedness, and majried an Ari- zona young- lady. SPORTIIVO OOODS Baseball, Football Tennis Guns, Bicycles At . . . TUFTS.LYON ARMS CO. 132 SOUTH SPRING STREET LOS ANGELES THE MANILA, M. J. McLean, Proprietor. 60 furnished rooms, single or en suite, by the daj-, week or month, with private baths, SOc to Sl.SQ. Rates verv reasonable. Transients solicited. 515 SOUTH SPRING STREET, Corner of Sixth, Los Angeles. Cal. Telepho ne Red 1576. COOOC XX QO X X X X 0 0 X 0 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 THE- Brownsberger School of Shorthand and Typewriting. How We Differ from Other Schools. A new Typewriter in every home, enabling- pupils to practice at odd times and not be oblig-ed to stay at col- lege, and yet get in from three to five hours daily. Our attention is devoted principally to fitting- students for hig-h positions, where large salaries are paid. The lower rounds of the ladder are overcrowded. There is room at the top. HALF DAY SESSIONS only, yet our students com- plete the ordinary colleg-e term of 6 months in 4 months. IT IS A HOME SCHOOL, free from all ordinary re- straints, but perfect order prevails, for the pupils are a " law unto themselves. " We have no grad uates out of positions . Pupils after gradua- tion remain without expense until places are secured. The Graham Phonography is taught, but advanced pupils in other systems can receive instruction in their own methods. Tuition $10.00 a Month. No other Expense. Call and see the School. Send for Circular. O FLORIDA BROWNSBERGER. Principal, Tel. Red 786 851 S. Hill St. 0 000 X 00 X X D X X X X i T HE BOOK EXC HANGE 4 4 ENGRAVED CARDS 4 SOUVENIRS 4 4 4 4 4. D. A. HUFFORD CO. 226 WEST SIXTH STREET, near Broadway MAGAZINES STATIONERY i EXCHANGE. % •I Guy Duckworth, Department Editor. •J- This, from an exchang-e, which many of the boys of the Normal can sa} ' amen to : Backward, turn backward, Oh, time in your flight. Feed me on gruel soup just for one night, I ' m tired of sole-leather steak. Petrified doughnuts and vulcanized cake. Oysters that sleep in a watery bath. Butter as strong as Goliah of Gath; " Weary of paying for what I can ' t eat. Chewing up rubber and calling it meat. Backward, turn backward, for weary I am : Give me a whack at m - grandmother ' s jam. Let me drink milk that has never been skimmed. Let me eat butter whose hair has been trimmed, Let me once more have an old-fashion- ed pie. Then I ' ll be read} ' to ctirl up and die. Rupture 6an be Gured Sufferers---Please find out the Dif- ference between a Guarantee to Cure Rupture without Curing and Cure Rupture without a Guarantee. This investigation willbring to light what is TRUE and what is FALSE. You will find that where a Guarantee to Cure is offered it is only a Blind for a Humbug. Rupture is no exception to the general rule for all human ailments. What member of the Medical Profession can honestly guarantee to cure ' ' No such Doctor has ever been born: Your physician cannot watch you, the patient must guarantee himself by fol- lowing directions, and then he will have CURE WITHOUT GUARANTEE. Prof. Jos. Fandrey can gi ' e the testimonials of hun- dreds, who have been cured in the short time he has been in Los Angeles. Investi- gate for vourselt and vou will find these were cured WITHOUT GUARANTEE. This investigation can be easily made, in one block in the center of our city . You will find 11 neighbors there who have been cured; what further guarantee can a person want- Those people followed directions closely, in other words they guaranteed themselves. Who can beat this record? Rupture curing is not mastered in a day, nor picked up like pebbles on the beach with a GUARAN- TEE attached. PROF, FANDREY has spent a fortune and almost his whole life in this practice and his method is the result of these long years of experience, having be- gun when a lad of 14 with his uncle, the well-known European Specialist in Rupture Curing. This Old Relic or Secret cannot be Bought or Sold, Picked Up, Imitated or Stolen, His method is Trunk D. D. Whitney, ;rufact«rer Sample Trunks and Cases a Specialty. Trunks Made to Order, Covered and Repaired, Trunks Called for and Delivered Free. TELEPHONE MAIN 203. 423 SOUTH SPRING STREET, Los Angeles, Cal. ' Tis easy enough to be pleasant, When life flows like a song, But the man worth the while, Is the man with the smile, " When everything goes dead wrong. —Ex. How does this strike you ? May I have the exquisite beati- tude of escorting- thee over the intervening- space between thy permanent domicile and the edi- fice erected for the worship of the Divine Being, while the nocturnal luminary is shedding his boun- teous rays from the starr} ' ether. —Ex. tijf Ui Hi Of Of n l-fnnWpv ' ' cannot play hookey from the 1 lUUIVC; school of experience and g-et, a di- ploma — experience is a very thorough and exacting teacher — as a finishing- school her graduates make the best doctors, law.vers. dentists — anything. I have taken a 27-year course in the school of active dental e.xperience— faithfully — and have a long record of the most pleasing work to show for it. Painless dentistry — moderate charges — guaranteed work — the result of experience. 1© ' ' ' -S-S-S-S-S-S-S-S-S ' S ' S ' S ' S ' ' -S ' ' Tel. Black 1 165. 5pinks Block, Cor. Kitth and Hill 5ts. How do 3 ' ou know that Hamlet had a bicycle ? Because he said, Watch over my safety while I sleep. — Ex. Elder Berr}- — What is 3 " Our idea of faith ? Joblots — Putting- a nickle on the plate and expecting- a crown of pure g " old. — Ex. Judge — Wh} ' did you steal this man ' s purse ? Prisoner — I thought the change might do me g-ood. — Ex. The Crescent contains an ex- cellent article on the famous painting-, " Christ or Diana, " which will be profitable to read. Miss — I read a funny story about a bab} ' five days old who can talk. Wig-g-ins — That ' s nothin ' ; the Bible says Jacob cursed the day he was born. — Ex. Home Restaurant, DELICACIES. We make a specialty of all kinds of veg ' etables. THE BEST TEA AND COFFEE. Meals at all hours. All home cooking ' . 323 West rourth Street, Los Angeles, Cal. Telephone Green 1077. Carl Tntenmaxx Fredk G. Borst ExXTEXMAXN BORST MANUFACTURING Jewelers, Watchmakers Diamond Setters and En- gravers. Medals. Society Badg-es and Scbool Pins in Gold and Silver. Fine Watch repairing: a Speci- alty. Any description of Gold and Silver Jewelry made to order and Re- paired. Old Gold and OfflclalPinS.N.S Silver boug ht. MANUFACTURERS OF OFFICIAL PINS Rooms 9, 10. 11 and 12 •J17 S. Sprin, St.. upstairs, Los Ang-eles Emerson Colleg-e Mag-azine is entirely devote d to ph3 ' sical cul- ture this month. It contains, besides many cuts of famous teachers, interesting- articles on that subject. A. — How do we get the best of a carpet dealer ? B. — I don ' t know. How ? A. — Oh, because we buy carpet by the yard and wear it out by the foot. — Ex. Pater (to 12-year-old daughter) — Nina, when you get married, I ' ll have a bishop perform the ceremony. " No, papa. I ' d rather have a cheap little clerg-yman and plenty of ice cream. " Papa — Now, Johnny, I have whipped you only for your own g-ood. I believe I have only done my duty. Tell me trul3% what do you think of yourself ? Johnny — If I should tell what I think, you ' d g-ive me another whipping. — Ex. Teacher — Express in a few words this sentence : Mr. and Mrs. Flood drove up to the door of the house and stopped ; Mr. Flood threw down the reins and helped his wife to alight ; then they entered the house. Smart Boy — The rains de- scended and the Floods came. — Ex. I. D HARMON. 1 suffered a years, tried all kinds of treatments, wore almost every kind of truss under the sun applied by expert truss fitters, etc., etc. Of course, all of these Guaranteed to Cure. At last I found myself in such a condition I could hardly walk, when a friend said to me. " Beware of Guarantees to Cure. The market is full of them, as Los Angeles daily papers will show you They will only rob and torture you. This humbug with guarantee attached ought to be familiar to the sufferer by this time. " After these years of torture I went to Prof. Joseph Faiidrey, who does not guarantee to cure. He sent me to many who had been cured by him without a guarantee These all informed me that they guaranteed themselves by following the Prof ' s instructions and gave him an opportunity to see the patient from to time until he could pronounce him cured. I am cured, have gained 20 pounds in weight and have no use for a truss. Prof. Pandrey ' s treatment was without needle or knife and did not interfere with my business. Any sufferer can get further informa- tion by calling on or addressing me. I. D. HARMON, Prop. Cigar -and Confectionery store. 707 W. Washington St., Los Angeles, GRAND SPRING OPENING... Of Imported and Domestic Summer Fabrics. Suits made to order. S15.00 and up. Buffalo Woolen Co. (ireat Wholesale Tailors to the People. 248 SOUTH BRO. DWAY. •r: ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ♦♦ ft tt ♦f tf ft ff ff ft ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff H ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ii ff ff ff ff ff s ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff •: ff Ladies ' Hours: 8 a. m. to 6 p. m., also Tuesda.v and Friday Evening ' s. Gents " Hours: Every Day and All Night. Turkish, Russian, Hammam, Electric, Steam, Shampoo, Massage, Rubs, Head Shampoo, Plain and Spit Tub, Salt Glow, Etc. Baths... 25 Cents to $1.00 210 S. Broadway Will Cure Rheumatism, Malaria, Coughs, La Grippe, Neuralg-ia, Dyspepsia, Colds, Dropsv, Kidney and Liver Troubles, General Debility, Nervous Prostration, Kidney " " ' ' Blood Poisons. and Come and Ask Questions, or Telephone Green 427. ENTIRELY SEPARATE APARTMENTS. GROUND FLOOR. ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff ff 4 TERMINAL ISLAND MM Has the Finest Ocean Beach in California. Sea Bathing- and Yachting- Unsurpassed. " " Reached Only by the LOS ANGELES TERHINAL RAILWAY The direct line to Catalina Island. Long Beach and San Pedro. Good Hotels. Charming Climate. Excellent Camera Hunting. Fine Tenting (irounds. An Ideal Resort — Superb in all its Appointments. Information and Excursion Tickets of Agents LOS ANGELES TICKET OFFICE, 214 S. Spring St. 3. B. HYNES, Gen ' L MGR. T. C. PECK, Gen ' l Agt. Passenger Dept. The Whittier Boys ' and Girls ' Magazine, is one of our best ex- changes for short stories. Breathes there a man with soul so dead. Who never to himself hath said, " I ' ll paj ' before I go to bed The debt I owe the printer? " —Ex. Teacher — Spell needle. Johnny — N-e-i-d-1-e. Teacher — There ' s no ' i ' in it. Johnny — Then it ' s no good. The Pennant of San Jose Nor- mal has a girl for athletic editor. Boys, make way ! Fine Repairing and Engraving. All Work at Cut-Rate Prices. A. P. Wilson Son . . . Opticians and Jewelers Diamond Setters, Gold and Silversmiths. Special Attention Given to Repairing Complicated Watches. 256 South Broadway Smitlrs Candy Factory Try an Ice Cream Soda. 333 SOUTH SPRING ST., Los Angeles, Cal. I give a Written Guarantee with each pair for 2 years. My Mellod o[ Teslii Is the only impartial and safe course and avoids any possible error. For eyes that need glasses, there ' s none Tjetter than my CRYSTAL CELEBRATED LENSES FOR $1.00. J. P. DELANY, Expert Optician, Graduate New York Ophthalmic College. Consultation Free. 309 S. Spring St. THE SCHOOL BOYS PSALM. Rare is the student that walk- eth not courtly up stairs, nor standeth in the way of others, nor sitteth on the seat that is in the back row. But whose delig-ht is in his les- son, which is long-, that he ma} ' meditate upon it day and nig-ht. He shall be as a walking- dic- tionary among " the teachers, that knoweth all thing-s when asked; his favoritism also shall not cease; and for whatsoever he doeth, he shall receive high marks. The unstudious are not so, but are like the chaff which the wind wafteth away. Therefore, the unstudious shall not stand in the cong-erg-ation of the passed. — Ex. " Willie, how many times did Mr. Hug-gins kiss your sister? " I don ' t know, sir; I can onh count up to one hundred. " — Ex. Wesner, the Photo Wizard. Wesner is the fellow That makes the people glad. He takes the brown and yellow, The freckled and the sad. And brings them out like angels — In everything but wings; They look like handsome people. Fit company for kings. But when he gets a subject. Good looking, just like you. He hasn-t a bit of trouble To get you quicklj ' through. He seat you very gently And says: " Look pleasant. please. ' Tis done in just a twinkling — Just give the bulb a squeeze. But when it comes to babies, With brown eyes, black or blue. He takes them to perfection — Tis what he loves to do. He is so kind and gentle. They smile when he goes by ; Before they think of crying He takes them on the fly. WESNER, THE PHOTOGRAPHER, 1-20 North Spring Street. Extra copies of this number of The Exponent may be had at the office of publication, 620 South Broadway. Price 25 cents. Professor (exasperated) — Wh - don ' t you speak louder? Pupil — A soft answer turneth away wrath. — Ex. While Muses was not a college man And never played football, In rushes he was said to be The first one of them all. —Ex. Willie — Pa. what do the} make talking- machines of? Father — The first one was made of a rib. my son. — Ex. " Tis wrong- for an - maid to be Abroad at nig-ht alone: A chaperone she needs ' till she Can call some chap ' er own. Teacher— What happens when a man ' s temperature g-oes down as far as it can go? Bov — His feet are cold, ma ' am. —Ex! " Did you hear about the trouble the owners are having- at the clock shop ? " " No; what is the matter. " " The clocks all struck at noon. " Good Minister — I don ' t see how I am to g-et through my sermon toda} ' . It ' s almost church time. Fond Wife— What is the text? " It is the wise and foolish vir- g-in. " " But you were writing at that sermon last nig-ht. Wh}- didn ' t you finish it? " " I couldn ' t; thelamp went out. " ALBERT JUDGE. Los Angeles, July 31. 189 7. I was ruptured, tried all kinds of Trusses, went to several doctors and got no relief and was getting worse constantly. On December 4th, 1896. as a last resort I went to Prof. Joseph Fandrey, now at 642 South Main Street. I received immediate relief, and today I am CURED. My son is also cured of a severe DOUBLE RUPTURE. The Prof, has cured nine of my neighbors, and thev will all tell vou— ' -TRY NO ONE BUT PROF. JOS. FANDREY, HE KNOWS HIS BUSINESS, and no one else can treat 3-ou as he does. His secret is his own and has been in his family a great number of years. This is my testimonial, not only to Prof. Fandrey, but to all sufferers who desire to be cured. There are many quacks who are guaranteeing cures, and don ' t cure, but they manage to get your money. Do as I did, go to Prof. Fandrey and be cured. ALBERT JUDGE, Grocer. 30 7 North Main St., Los Angeles. PETTIT WEBER Wholesale and Retail Dealers in Choice Fruits N. E. COR. FIFTH AND HILL STS.. LOS ANGELES. ♦t A A 4.• — !■• A A ! . « . . ♦,♦♦ ♦.J, •.t A-t »t J» t •J •• ♦ . . . •. •T •♦i» •♦ ♦♦ A •■ ■• •■J •J A A A A •• ' Kodak... D EVELOPINQ AND pINlSHINQ. | :x THE BEST IN THE CITY, NO DELAYS, EXPERT PHOTOGRAPHERS ONLY EM. PLOYED j Photo Supplies t Of All Kinds. Prices Very Reasonable. F, L, DUNGAN, t i 307 West Fourth Street, Los Angeles, Cal. f Small Bo} ' — I want a bottle of vaseline. Drug-g-ist — Do you want it scented, or unscented ? Small Bo} — No; I ' ll take it wid me. — Ex. Johnnie — Why are papa and mamma called parents? Little Sister — I don ' t know. Why? Johnnie — Because they pa} rent for us. Teacher — Johnny, you must stay after school and work two examples. Johnny — What, and g-et fired from the Scholar ' s Union for working- overtime ? Not much. AHREN ' S... Bakery and Delicacy Store A Central Location. Best Service in the City. First-Class Goods. We solicit your orders for Bread. Pastry and Delicacies. Students ! Give Us a Call ! ! F. Ahren, Prop. 425 S. Broadway. The Superior Bakery and Lunch Room. Bakery Goods Sold Retail at Wholesale Prices. 446 SOUTH SPRING STREET. NEW EXCHANGES. Emerson Colleg-e, Boston, Mass, Hig-h School, Pontiac, Mich. Tocsin, Santa Clara, Cal. Whims, Seattle, Wash. Arg-us, Tulare, Cal. Webster Review, San Francisco. Echo, Albany, N. Y. There is a great deal of discus- sion among- the various papers as to the function of the Exchang-e Department, some think these col- umns should be entirel}- devoted to criticism, while others believe, this to be the " Josh " box. I be- lieve in a little bit of both. We were seated in a hammock On a balmy nig-ht in June, When the world was hushed in slumber " Xeath the guidance of the moon. I asked one little question, And m3 ' heart was filled with hope, But her answer never reached me — For her brother cut the rope. —Ex. GO TO Warner ' s Coffee House REGULAR MEALS Sc. Best Coffee House in the City. Separate Dining- Room for Ladies. 504-.S06 S. Spring St. E. H. THOMPSON, Barber SHAVING IOC Hair Cutting- a Specialty. 206 WEST FIFTH ST,, Los Angeles, C.a.l, My daughter was suffering from a very painful Kup- ture. she tried all kinds of Trusses and treatments without relief. Every attempt for helpseemed to make her worse. At last my family phy- sician, a well- known Los An- geles doctor, said to me: " Prof. Jos- eph Fandrey, the European Specialist for Rupture Cur- ing, is now lo- cated in this city. Go and see him. " I went immed- iately. On examination he said : " Your daughter car. be cured. Will you guar- antee to cure her! " Nol " said he. No honest man can guarantee to cure. 1 am able to give her comfort and relief before she leaves this ofdce. But she must guarantee herself by foUosving my instructions. " This seemed reasonable to me. We followed instructions. To- day my daughter is cured. Who can want a better guarantee? Further inquiries will be gladly an- swered by H. Slotterbeck, Gunsmith . 211 X. Main St., Temple Block, Los Angeles, Cal. SAN FRANCISCO Boot and Shoe Repairing Go. L. REHWALD, Manatrer. Hazel Slotterbeck. Children ' s Half Soles, 25c, Men ' s Half Soles, 35c, Ladies ' Half Soles, 30c, 209 WEST FIFTH ST. ICE CREAM The Best in the Citj- at Sl.OO per Gallon. The best Line of Candy, All Made by Us. CATERING A SPECIALTY. We have Everything to Loan for Entertainments. HICKS, 206 S. Broadway Tei Ephone Main 328. ]NORMAL•.••• BOOKSc We will Buy Your Old Books or Give You New Ones for Them. SEE US Booksellers, Stationers and Engravers 221 WEST SECOND STREET, % ;fcF i7 ' " ' I 1 SPINKS BLOCK, COR. FIFTH AND HILL STS. TEL. BROWN 1375- «r-a-. s s-e «--! About Eggs There is both comineii- dable frankness and business — like reticence in the yrocer ' s sigrn, which reads: ' " Fresh Egsrs, 15c doz.: Good Eg ' g ' s. 12cdoz.; Eg ' g ' s, 8c doz. ' " There are just as nian3- kinds of dentistrj- as there are of eg- s — {rood and bad — and it is just as difficult to find any points to admire in dental work that is not the best, as in eggs that are not all that eggs should be. Painless dentistry— moderate cliar- {res — warranted work. Get the best. «-. «■ « 5r »: sr a «- s s- e- c- s Yucca Manufac- turing Co., Manufacturers Of Surgeons ' Splints. Artists ' Materials and Yucca Palm Tree Pro- tectors. factory: m Santa FeAve. Near Santa Fe Roundhouse. P. O. AddresT: 450 Santa Fe Avenue. Los Angeles. JONKS ' BOOK STORK 226-8 W. First St. SCHOOL BOOKS BOUGHT, SOLD AND EXCHANGED NEAR BROADWAY Stock kept at Normal Lunch Room across from School J. W. Fuller . JCIENTIPIC OFTKIAN No charges tor Examinations 315 N. Main St. Downey Block, opp. Farmers and Merchants Bank. .«■■ ' T ■■a. Thoo )orc Qiapin, Printer. 212 ' ilsoi Block TELEPHONE rranklin Printing Co, 756 ART, BOOK AND JOB , , . PRINTERS I 129 Temple Street . M ITUSKIWIZ LOS ANGELES % CAL, J LOWEST PRICES- and flags School Desks Supplies C, F, WEBER CO, 210-212 North Main Street Telephone Green 1882 RAY O. ANTHONY Printer and _Paper Box Haker 620 South Broadway Los Angeles, Cal. i«!«s?s s»R«?6«»s»e R?t Me em ««fe?8«?6 i Do You Want i To Learn to Dance ? If so, join one of W. T. Woods " classes. Beginners ' class will be formed Monday evening, July 3; Advance cUCss, Wednesday even- ing, July 5. A cool hall, pleasantly located, one of the best floors in tlie city, cosy rece] tioii rooms and a fine summer garden ' are a few of the many advantages Mr. Woods ' pupils enjoy. S " " IVATE LESSONS GIVEN AT CONVENIENCE OF PUPILS (jf Call on or address W. T. Woods ' Academy 740 S. Figueroa St. an 9f Iff STAPLE and FANCY GROCERIES Green and Dried Fruits Fresh Bread Daily All Kinds of Fruit and Vegetables in Season Park Cash Grocery rmsicn bros. Tel. Green 1214 328=330 West Fifth St. DONT FAIL TO SEE SILVERWOOD ABOUT UP-TO-DATE , , , , Furnishings Hats -- Mail Orders Promptly Filled 124 South Spring Street Dr, G. H. Kriechbaum nion-CLASS dentistry By the Host Modern and Scientific Methods TELEPHONE GREEN 1964. 356 S. BROADWAY, LOS ANGELES. CAL nomi LOWE RAILWAY RUBIO CANYON, ECHO MOUNTAIN, YE ALPINE TAVERN, SUMMIT OF MOUNT LOWE. SUMMER DAYS in the mountains among the g-iant pines and a ride over the wonderful and enchanting Mount Lowe Railway. Hotels : EcHo Mountain House and Ye Alpine Tavern The finest of all niountain resorts, complete in every detail for comfort pleasure and recreation. Terms, $2.50 and upward per da.v; S12.50 and upward per week. Special Ticket arrang ' ements for quests remainintr one week or longrer. For tickets and full information, call on or address CLARENCE A. WARNER Telephone Main 960 TRAFFIC AND EXCURSION AGENT 214 SOUTH SPRING STREET LOS ANGELES, CAL. a« U lb b Kit ti Ui l « ti t «« (« ii ii % tS: ; $-;S- S-: S--S S- :S- .S-e-S-- «-s- S-:S-e S-fr : : ei :S M. D. BAYLES, Agent Wholesale and Retail Dealer for Southern California, Arizona and New Mexico. 434 South Broadway LOS ANGELES CAL. Telephone Green 1976 ECLIPSE CYCLES r A Morrow Automatic Coaster and Brake You can ride 50 miles with this de- vice and not pedal to exceed 35 miles. Inrestigate btfore fou iniichase pur ' 99 mount. SEND FOR CATALOGUE. ECUPSE BICYCLE CO., 18th St., Elmira, N. Y. . . . Frisscrription Optieiata Occulist Prescriptions a Specialty 354 Soxjtk: !Bi?.Oja.r3 x7 3L ' Not tvery Kind of Shoes ind en trance to our store. We bar the sort made of poor stock flimsly put together. Makers must deliver goods which are up to our standard, and that ' s good enough, otherwise they are rejected. FITTING EXPRESSIONS It is a feat to fit the feet, but we can do it. Our customers will not have to break in the foot- wear we sell llieni. BLANEY ' S 352 S. Spring St. •dOMd ' u3HsnwaJ.s -s • •Tvo " sanasNV son i.33)dXS HXdId XS3M 9i.e A QNnVT QNVH 3XVD NaanoD 9iH o; AapxinB ' 7 siq puss o tuiq Sui iai? Xq paoAV ssuo B Jiimui tiuij 9A-GS o; atq ' E aq abiu uoX ;nq ' qojnqo nioC o; aoqqi iau anoX ap nsjad o; aiqi: aq )Ou Xbiu no} mm mm Normal Clothes For Normal Pupils At Normal Prices With Piercing Style « London Clothing Co- 119-125 NORTH SPRING ST. N. W. COR. FRANKLIN LOS ANGELES. CAL. w w Young Men ' s Suits... We can not too strong-lj ' emphasize the fact that our suits for young men carry as much style with them as the products of the best merchant tailors. We give special care to the finish and wearing qualities, and, in the matter of price, we save you from one-third to one-half on every purchase. What further argu- ment is necessary to interest you ? Most of The Exponent boys trade at our store. Do you ? MULLEN, BLUETT GO. N. W. Cor. First and Spring Sts ONE-PRICE CLOTHIERS I| Glancing Over ' pages of this book note the beautiful half-tones . 2 of the different members of the class. This can only be accomplished from good photographic work, such as is made by 107 NORTH SPRING STREET LOS ANGELES Who has been the official photographer for the class, and many others, whose portraits are among the collection of the Normal School. This studio has the reputation of doing a high grade of work, surpassed by no one, and the work turned out of this studio in the past fifteen years bears out this assertion. The highest medals have been awarded on its vrork, such as Gold Medal at World ' s Fair, Chicago, 1893. 1st Prize Gold Medal, above all other Photographers, Mid- winter Fair, San Francisco, 1894. And at all exhibits where work was entered in competition in Southern Cali- fornia this studio has been awarded first prize above all others. TELEPHONE MAIN 324 OLIVE STABLES Carriages and all kinds of Livery at Normal Prices The Finest and Easiest Riding Tally ' Ho in Southern California Normal School Trade is Respectfully Solicited WM. TURNER, Stable Manager OLIVE STABLES 1 I 628 South Olive Street Los Angeles. Cal, 1 - 1 American Engraving Company W. L. WILLIAMS, Manager Uirrh ProHo Uolf Tnnoe photo engraving and designing nip biaae naii lones all classes of commercial TIMES BUILDING, LOS ANQELES, CAL. TELEPHONE BROWN 187 rURNITUKE i!!B CflRFET5 Hardwood Bedroom Suits for $10.00 and Up Hardwood Extension Tables, $2.50 and Up to $18.00 Fine Lins of Center Tables, 50 Cents and Up Kitchen Tables, Combination Tables, Chiffoniers, Side Boards, Chairs Book Cases, Etc. Oak Cob Rocking- Chairs, S2.25 anil up; and other Rockiiiff Chairs at Sl.iKi ami up. Mattiiiys at 10 cents per yard and up. Just received, a iine hjt of Malting-s. IRON BEDS, qOUCHES All kinds of Furniture at prices tliat can " t be beaten. CARPETS Carpets at from 25 cents and up to SI. 15 per yard. A line of Tapestry Carpets at low prices. BICYCLES Just received, a lot of New Bicycles from a bankrupt firm. We sell these at SlO.SOeach, while they last, for cash or on the installment plan. It will pay .you to call and see our jrootls and yet our prices. We sell for cash and on the installment plan. LOUDEN OYERELL, 538-540 s. spring st. t ♦ A Barrel of Money to Loan ON ALL FIRST-CLASS SECURITIES. fv LOAN from S5 i.iX)0 to Sl " 5,iHX) every month, and in fifteen years in this work have -M never lost a dollar fur a customer, nor has there been a morttfajre foreclosed. {yj The records show it If you have money to loan, I can net you a rood rate of interest and will -uarantee every loan. It matters not where you live, you can send it to me in New York draft, postoffice order or retristered letter, I have customers li vintr in all parts of the United States. My reference is any of my customers, or inquiry of vour commercial agency. ' I loan on income property in the city. Improved oranpe, lemon, walnut, prune and almond orchards. Everv loan is first class. You can draw your interest monthly, i|uarterly. semi-annually or annually, as you desire. Just let me know how you want it, and it will be done. If you wish to buy, sell ir exchang-e real estate, it matters not where j-ou live, we will attend to the business for you. S. p. CREASINGER, Rooms 207-214. 218 S. Broadway, Los Angeles. TE EPHONE MAIN 153. 41.J.4. . . , , , . •I•• • •I♦• » 4•♦♦♦♦ ♦• ' ♦♦♦♦ ' ♦ • ' • • •I ♦• mwrnmi Wi »i;iv PiMi « ' 1 ■ ' ; 1 iiaHjisw " " " M ' ' ,S !» - a. - r ' j lj) ,. J. ' - : m ' i|j .bool: ■ ) ' ' ' liJ ' v;|S , «; fc U£ J£J3[{f C Lo$ Atig liaSy, Cal. UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA LIBRARY Los Angeles This book is DUE on the last date stamped below. NOV 2 7 1962! MAR 31 m jW " ' - ' ' 2 3 1P75 MAY 2 P " , lUN 1 5 1979 APR 2 5 1985 975 Form L9-116ni-8, ' 62(D1237s8)444 A 000 641 183 9 ' ORNIA

Suggestions in the University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) collection:

University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1900 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1901 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1902 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1903 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1904 Edition, Page 1


University of California Los Angeles - Bruin Life / Southern Campus Yearbook (Los Angeles, CA) online yearbook collection, 1905 Edition, Page 1


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