Tutulia (ARG 4) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1968

Page 16 of 154


Tutulia (ARG 4) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1968 Edition, Page 16
Page 16

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'TUTUILA is the principal island of American Samoa. The first Navy ship to bear the name was a Gunboat of the famed Yangtze River Patrol. TUTUILA, PANAY, OAHU, LUZON, MINDANAO, and .GUAM Qrenamed WAKEQ were constructed and commissioned at Shanghai, China in 1928. Specifically designed for the Yangtae, these little ships were oiliired shallow draft vessels with two triple-expansion steam engines driving small propellers in hull tunnels, and triple rudders. Carrying 3" guns and powerful radio equipment, they protected U.S. shipping and maintained U.S. communications on the great river that was the main highway to half of China. PANAY was sunk by japanese air attack during the seige of Naking on 12 December 1937. When Hankow fell ,.... , 'J in 1938, cutting river transport, TUTUILA carried the American Ambassador to Chungking, and stayed to serve him there. . i In june of 1941 TUTUILA, together with a British gunboat, fought off a japanese air attack, TUTUILA-suf- fered moderate damage which was subsequently repaired. On 4 December LUZON, OAHU, and MINDANAO made for the Philippines, arriving in time to join in the battle of Bataan. Wake was captured at Shanghai on 8 December, and the others went down defending Corregi- dor. T UTUILA was transferred to Chang Kai-Shek's forces at Chungking in January 1942. I-Ier end came in July of that year, when heavy bombing by Japanese aircraft wrote First Tutuila a close to the Yangtze River Patrol, a colorful 75-years in American Naval history. In the winter of 1943-44, USS TUTUILA QARG-4j, an internal combusio,n engine repair ship, was converted from the newly launched Liberty Ship QEC-Zj ARTHUR P. GORMAN, and was commissioned on 8 April 1944 at Maryland Drydock Company in Baltimore. Her first Commanding A Officer was Commander Qlater Captianj George T. Boldizsar, USN. Against World War II air and surfaced submarine attacks, the ship mounted a 5" gun, three 3" guns, two 40mm twin cannon, and twelve 20 mm machine guns. After a shakedown cruise, she sailed from Norfolk in May for Pearl Harbor, via the Panama Canal and San Diego, California. TUTUILA arrived at Eniwetok Atoll in the Marshall Islands on 8 July 1944, and immediately undertook her portion of the responsibility for the main- tenance of the Pacific Fleet. In early August 1944 TUTUILA joined Service Squa- dron TEN at Purvis Bay, between Savo and Guadalcanal in the Solomons. She operated until the end of the war with SERVRON TEN, which had been newly created to act as a Boating advance base for the Fleet in its sweep I across the Pacific. The battle of the Philippine Sea and the Saipan campaign were being successfully concluded, and many ships needed repairs befor the Leyte assault which was to begin liberation of the Philippines. TUTUILA commenced a round-the-clock work schedule-which was maintained throughtout, her long stay in the Pacific Thea- ter. On the surrender of japan, TUTUILA sailed for Okinawa with 11 smaller ships. Struck by a typhoon on 31 August, T I I l l 1 l - 1 i 1

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