Trafalgar Castle School - Yearbook (Whitby, Ontario Canada)

 - Class of 1974

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Text from Pages 1 - 104 of the 1974 volume:

Vox Collegii Vox Collegii Centennial Edition Table of Contents Foreword 4 Author ' s Introduction 5 " iron Reynolds " , The Man of Trafalgar. . . 6 The Building of Trafalgar Castle 8 The Brief Years of Grandeur 10 A College Is Born 12 The Gala Opening 15 1875-1877, The Early Years 17 The Building of Ryerson Hall 20 The Visit of the Marquis of Lorne 22 The 1880s --Prosperity in Hard Times .... 24 1890-1895--The University Extension Scheme 26 Frances Hall „ 28 1896- 1899- -The Visit of Lord Aberdeen . . . 31 1900- 1913- -The New Century „ . , . 33 1914- 1918- -The Crisis of The War Years . 38 1919- 1924- -The Golden Jubilee. „ 42 1925- 1929- -The Death of Mr. Farewell . . . 46 1930- 1939- 50 1940- 1949- -The War Years and After . . . . 54 1950- 1959- -The Building of Grace Chapel. , 58 1960- 1968- 63 1968- 1973- 67 Glimpses of the Past Century 71 1974 Centennial Events . . . . « 81 Ontario Ladies ' College, 1974 Foreword One of the major projects to be undertaken for the hundredth anniversary of the Ontario Ladies ' College has been the preparation of an illustrated history. It was four years ago that Brian Winter and I studied the feasibility of preparing such a book. After a preliminary study of the many original documents, it appeared that such a project could be accomplished with a great deal of research. The Board of Directors then gave permission for Mr. Winter to proceed with the book, and made him the official historian for the Board. For this purpose the office staff collaborated fully by providing access to all school records, pictures, and factual data for his use. An appeal was made to all Alumnae, via the annual newsletters, for materials and pic- tures dating back to 1874, and the response has been very helpful. Now, four years later, this very significant publication appears before you, and Brian Winter is to be congratulated for the excellence of this documentary. As our readers become acquainted with the eloquent history of this great residential private school, and as they relive the many past achievements recorded here for posterity, it is the hope of all the present mem- bers of the Board of Directors that a greater sense of pride in O.L.C. will be kindled. May those who attended here develop a deeper sense of responsbility to our Alma Mater which will help imbue all of us with the strength of our convictions in the quest to advance the cause of private education in Ontario. May we all to this by continuing our moral, spiritual and financial support to the Ontario Ladies ' College as it continues to serve the educational needs of its students during the next one hundred years. REGINALD C. DAVIS Principal BOARD OF DIRECTORS, JANUARY 1974 President . . . o . o . . Honorary President . Honorary President . Vice-President . . . . Vice-President . „ . . Secretary -Treasurer Dr. John B. Davies Dr. H.T.R. Mount Mr. Thos. G. Rogers Mr. D.W. McQuay Mrs. David R. F. Smith Mr. R. P. Matthews Mr. E. Paul Coath Dr. R.C. Davis Mrs. R. Leo Gray Mr. C.L. Jenkins The Rev. Dr. G.J. Minielly The Rev. J. K. Moffat The Rev. D.J. Proctor Mr. N. R. Ridgely Mr. C. B, Rycroft The Rev. J. M. Smith Miss H„A. Tew Mr. E. B. Wilkins Mr. D.A. Wilson Ex-Officio . Mrs. Clifford Labbett, Dr. H. W. Vaughan Author ' s Introduction As you will see on opening this Centennial edition of Vox Collegii, there is something special between its covers --an illustrated history of the Ontario Ladies ' College from the time Sheriff Reynolds built Trafalgar Castle 115 years ago to the day last year when the school was nearly destroyed by fire. It is only fitting when any institution achieves 100 years of service that its story be told. As archivist of the Whitby Historical Society, 1 have had the privilege of writing this history of OLC, the first such work since Miss Maxwell ' s account was printed for the 75th anniversary in 1949. Four years of research have gone into the production of this historical account. But even with that amount of time it has been impossible to deal with everything that happened at OLC in its first century. This book is designed primarily as a survey of events in the history of the school. If the reader finds there are omissions, as I am sure there are, it is only because of lack of available information and few opportunities to conduct extensive inter- views. The sources for this history of OLC are for the most part, the local newspapers, and publications of the college. Many original documents are quoted to give a true impression of life during the various periods of the col- lege ' s development. Photographs illustrating this book are owned by the Ontario Ladies ' College, Whitby Historical Society, and a number of people associated with the college. The writing of this history was fraught with difficulties in its early stages when two major sources were damaged or destroyed, - -one by fire and the other by water. Special thanks are due to Hugh MacMillan and William Cooper of the Ontario Archives for preserving and micro- filming the newspapers of Whitby which were damaged in a flood in 1971. Without their prompt attention to this matter, the major source for all research on Whitby would have been lost. The second disaster was the burn- ing of the Oshawa Times building, in which nearly all the city ' s newspapers before 1946 were destroyed. As a result of this and the lack of yearbooks for 1943 and 1944, the chapter on the years of the Second World War is not as complete as I would have hoped. My thanks go to the staff of the United Church Archives in Toronto who provided the bulk of the material for the period of 1874 to 1900 from the files of the Methodist newspaper. The Christian Guardian. I also thank Dr. Osborne for supplying me with material on his years as principal of the college. Dr. Davis and I have worked together many hours on every phase of this project, from the initial planning to the final paste -up of pages. His assistance and direction are much appre- ciated, for without his help, the work would never have been completed on time. Finally, I would li ke to express my appre- ciation to the board of directors for the back- ing that made this history possible. As the first comprehensive account of the Ontario Ladies ' College, I am sure it will serve as a record of the fine traditions of the school and a source of pride to its students for many years to come. BRIAN WINTER, Archivist, Whitby Historical Society. BOARD OF DIRECTORS, SEPTEMBER 1874 President James Holden Vice-President Walter Coulthard W.D, Mathews Joshua Richardson Thomas McClung Aaron Rose N.G. Reynolds G. Y. Smith J. L. Smith Chapter One " iron Reynolds, " The Man Of Trafalgar In the early summer of 185 9, the sounds of the hammer and saw could be heard on a small hill a quarter of a mile east of the Town of Whitby, Ontario. A growing community of 3, 500 people on the north shore of Lake Ontario, 30 miles east of Toronto, Whitby was quickly achieving prominence as the newly chosen county town of the County of Ontario. There stood the courthouse and jail and the offices of the county officials, among whom was the Sheriff, Nelson Gilbert Reynolds. Many citizens stopped their work to gaze at the structure rising on the hill, which was soon to become the new home of the sheriff. Having been named after Lord Nelson, the hero of the Battle of Trafalgar, Sheriff Reynolds gave the name " Trafalgar Castle " to his grand mansion with its Elizabethan towers and stained glass windows. The local newspapers were already calling it the largest private detached residence on the continent, but to the ordinary citizen, unused to such pretension in a pioneer com- munity, it was known popularly as " Reynolds ' Folly. " As construction proceeded throughout the next three years, neither Sheriff Reynolds nor the people who watched the work from a distance realized that Trafalgar Castle would eventually become a school for young ladies recognized throughout the world for its high standards of Christian education. Nelson Gilbert Reynolds was the kind of man that inspires legends, and many have grown up around his unique personality. A govern- ment official writing to a friend in Whitby at the time Reynolds was appointed sheriff referred to him as ' large as life and twice as natural. " His career reads like an account from an adventure novel, rather than the record of a man ' s life. In his younger days he earned the nickname " iron Reynolds " because of his great physical endurance. Reynolds was born at Kingston, Upper Canada, Jan. 23, 1814, the son of Rev. John Reynolds, a Bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church and a native of Northern Ireland. He was one of the first students to attend Upper Canada College after it opened in 1829 and received part of his education at Cazuenrovia Seminary in New York. At 15 years of age he went to England and became an officer in the 11th Lancers, returning to Canada four years later. He remained with his parents in Belleville for a short time, but the spirit of adventure called him again, and he left for ser- vice in the Hudson ' s Bay Company ' s territories in the West. Reynolds became a Lieutenant in the 54th Regiment, and journeyed as far west as Jasper House and the Rocky Mountains through unexplored territory. Returning to Belleville after about a year, he was elected to the Parliament of Upper Canada, for the County of Hastings, but could not legally take his seat because he was not 21 years old. His Parliamentary career did not last long for the House dissolved soon after his 21st birthday. For several years Reynolds was president of the Marmora Foundry and Smelting Company, and was involved in banking, mercantile busi- ness and railroading. His business ventures flourished until suddenly the country was faced by the upheaval of the Rebellions of 1837-38. At the time of William Lyon Mackenzie ' s rebellion in December 1837, Reynolds was 23 and an officer in the Militia. He set about to raise a company of cavalry and took part in the defence of Upper Canada from feared invasions by the " Patriots " who had fled across the border to the United States. Reports of a proposed invasion of Kingston on the night of Feb. 20, 1838 were intercepted, and 1,600 Militia ordered out to defend the town. Reynolds and his cavalry troop joined the de- fending forces, but the Government, suspecting his loyalty, sent out a force to arrest him. When discovered, Reynolds fought for his life, receiving three wounds in the skirmish. As he slashed at a charging soldier with his sword, he injured his right wrist on the fixed bayonet of his attacker. A musket ball embedded itself in his right thigh, where it was to remain the rest of his life. Reynolds fled to the United States, but three months later, voluntarily surrendered himself for trial at Kingston. In July 1838, he was tried for treason before Judge Archibald McLean at a special court ordered by Lord Durham, the Governor of Upper Canada, who had paid Reynolds a special visit while he was in prison. Forty-four witnesses spoke for the prosecution and none for the defense. Reynolds chose to undertake his own defense, explaining that he was loyal to the Crown but opposed to the Family Compact. The jury acquitted him without even leaving their seats, and men of all political parties in their joy and excitement, carried Reynolds out of the courthouse into the streets, where the soldiers saluted him as he passed. Although he protested his innocence, a Kingston newspaper stated very few persons doubted his guilt and he was acquitted only because there was insuffici- ent evidence to convict him. After his acquittal, Reynolds returned to Belleville where he held almost every municipal office in the town and in the County of Hastings. In 1852, Reynolds heard of the formation of the County of Ontario, formerly the eastern sector of the County of York, and had hopes of gaining a position in the new county ' s govern- ment. In January 1854, the Hon. John Ross, Attorney-General of Upper Canada appointed Reynolds Sheriff on Ontario County. This came as a surprise to Reynolds, for, as he told a friend in a letter, he had been promised " a much better office " by a leading member of the government.. The appointment came also as a surprise tc fte four local politicians who had sought the office, one of whom had been recom- mended by the provisional council of the new county. The appointment of a stranger from Belleville annoyed some of the county council- lors, but within a few months. Sheriff Reynolds was receiving high praise, even from those who formerly opposed him. Sheriff Reynolds involved himself in many of the activities of Whitby, acting as a judge at the running of the Queen ' s Plate at a local race track in 1870, as a Warden of St, John ' s Anglican Church, and as a director of the Port Whitby and Port Perry Railway. After the for- mation of the Ontario Ladies ' College in 1874, he served as one of its first directors. A story is told that when the Whitby and Port Perry Railway was suffering financial reverses. Sheriff Reynolds was ordered to seize one of the locomotives. He and his deputy set up a barricade of ties on the tracks near the college road, but the company had heard of his plan and informed the engineer. When he reached the barricade, the engineer stoked up his engine and smashed through the ties, send- ing the sheriff and his deputy running for their lives. Sheriff Reynolds married twice, having 12 children by each wife. In 1834 he married his first wife, Hannah M. Eyre, and after her death he married Frances Eliza Armstrong, daughter of a member of Parliament, in 1852, Of his 24 children, 13 died young. His eldest son, George Nelson Reynolds, served him as deputy sheriff, and laid the cornerstone of Trafalgar Castle. In January 1881, after suffering from ' paralysis for three years, Sheriff Reynolds died, a few days before his 67th birthday. He was buried in the St. John ' s cemetery at Port Whitby, in a grave marked by a tall stone column. Although long since dead, Reynolds left his home, Trafalgar Castle, as a monument to his imagination and creative energy. Nelson G. Reynolds Trafalgar Castle in the 1860s, the original college building. (Photo courtesy of Ontario Archives) Chapter Two Building the Sheriff ' s Castle According to an old legend, jealousy con- tributed in part to the building of Trafalgar Castle. Sheriff Reynolds and John Ham Perry, the Registrar of Ontario County, were rivals who constantly tried to outdo each other when- ever the opportunity arose. It is said when the Prince of Wales visited Whitby in 1860, the two men raced their carriages to the harbor, the winner being the one to convey the prince to the boat for Toronto. Perry won the race and managed to squeeze his carriage into line ahead of Reynolds and the carriage prepared for the prince by the town council. In the summer of 1857 while Reynolds was on a visit to England, Perry built himself a magnificent residence in the Italianate style, which became the talk of the town. It had stained glass windows, silver door handles and hinges, and the first gas lights ever seen in Whitby. When Reynolds returned to see Perry ' s " castle " he was said to be so jealous that he set out to build his own castle on an even grander scale. Sheriff Reynolds chose Toronto architect Joseph Sheard to build Trafalgar Castle, and A. W. Cron of Whitby as the general contrac- tor. Mr. Sheard had erected many fine buildings in Toronto, now all demolished, and was mayor of that city in 1871-72. Several other contractors were obtained from Toronto and Whitby for the masonry, stone work and carpentry. As many as 70 men at a time were employed in building Trafalgar Castle but no accidents or quarrels were reported because the sheriff had forbidden the use of liquor on the premises. The cost of Trafalgar Castle was an astounding $70,000. By com- parison, a bank building of the same period cost $6, 000 and a substantial home, $2, 000. Trafalgar Castle was built in the Eliza- bethan style, with battlements, turretted towers, and even secret chambers--all the attributes of a real English castle. It is inter- esting to note that Sir Henry Pellatt, whose Casa Loma in Toronto is better known, was born in the year that Trafalgar Castle was begun. The castle stands today much as when it was built, except for the removal of the ser- vants ' wing, and the additions constructed in later years. Two large stone lions flank the front entrance which is crowned with the sheriff ' s coat of arms cut in stone. Entering through the main door, one finds a small vestibule with large bronze lamps in the form of Indians on each side of the doors to the main hall. In the sheriff ' s time a fountain was lo- cated here, supplied with water from a reser- voir in the attic. The oak doors to the main hall and the front rooms are set with hand- painted glass imported from England, in a pattern of yellow roses, with a Canadian beaver over the main door. The main hall is 105 feet long, leading from the entrance to the grand staircase. To the left of the front door was the sheriff ' s office and library, now the board room of the Ontario Ladies ' College. The original carved book- cases are still there along with the white marble fireplace imported from Italy. Across the hall is the reception room, used as a par- lor in the sheriff ' s time. Further down the hall on the left is the massive drawing room, now the study hall, with its magnificent bay window. Here the glittering receptions of a century ago were held for important visitors. Some of the finest white marble fireplaces of Trafalgar Castle are in this room, carved by Johnathan Wolfenden, a Whitby marble dealer and importer. Opposite the drawing room are the dining room and breakfast parlor, now known as the Common Room, where the college students may relax and meet friends. These rooms were once separated by sliding doors. A butler ' s room and armoury were located in the rooms now used as offices by the Ontario Ladies ' College. The ceilings of the main hall and adjoining rooms are ornamented with moulded plaster, each room being lit by a gaslight chandelier. Along the main hall are niches for statuary, most of which are now empty. Only two of the original white marble statues of little girls remain in their places. Also in the main hall are four oak chairs and two benches, the last of the original furnishings of Trafalgar Castle. G. P. Walter Co. of Bowmanville made the furniture, with the carving being done by a Mr. Maille of Oshawa. On the benches and two of the chairs are carved the sheriff ' s coat of arms consisting of a stag and scallop shell. Another piece of furniture, an octagonal table in the upper hall, is believed to have been the sheriff ' s poker table, and still contains some of his wooden chips. Carpeting for all the rooms was cut to size in England and transpor- ted across the Atlantic Ocean in sailing vessels. At the end of the main hall is the grand staircase of carved oak. At the head of this staircase is the stained glass window which has been an attraction to visitors since the Castle was built. Divided into four parts, the great window bears the coats of arms of England, Ireland, Scotland and Canada, and in the centre, the arms of the Reynolds and Armstrong families. Reynolds ' arms, with the lion, stag and scallop shell bear the motto " Jus Meum Tuebor " (I will look after my right). The Armstrong motto is " Vie et Armis. " Adjacent to the coats of arms are the monograms of the Sheriff (NOR) and Mrs. Reynolds (FER). Embossed in the frosted glass at the base of the window are heads re- presenting Queen Elizabeth I and other English monarchs. The monograms " OLC " below the Reynolds arms were added after the Ontario Ladies ' College was established. The cost of the glass alone for the window was $640. Above the staircase was a great chandelier and pendant weighing 500 pounds. Several years ago the plaster began to loosen and it was re- moved for the sake of safety. Whitby. At each side of the corridor adjacent to the conservatory were gentlemen ' s and ladies ' sitting rooms. Large oak folding doors were turned back to make these rooms and the hall into a grand ballroom. The remainder of the floor was devoted to bedrooms, some of which opened onto an iron balcony on the north side of the building over the bay window in the drawing room. These rooms are now sleeping quarters for the ladies ' college students. On the third floor were numerous bedrooms and water reservoirs, and a large billiard room at the end of the hall opening onto a bal- cony over the conservatory. A ladder leads to the roof where a fine view of Whitby and the surrounding country can be seen. In the basement were located the hot and cold air furnaces and large wine and beer cellars, all now sacrificed to modern renova- tions. The wing to the south of the main building, which was demolished in 1894 to build Frances Hall, contained a kitchen, laun- dry, scullery, larder, store room and pantry on the first floor. The second floor contained a nursery, governess ' s room, gymnasium, servants ' rooms, bath rooms and water closets. In the basement was a vegetable cellar. The entire castle was lit with gas manu- factured in a gas house adjacent to the build- ing, and carried through a half-mile of pipes inside the castle. The 73 rooms of Trafalgar Castle were serviced with hot, cold and foul air flues constructed through the towers, and all the main rooms had fireplaces. Thirty- seven bells were installed in the rooms to call servants. The flagstaff tower, where Frances Hall meets the original castle is the source of many legends. It is said that the sheriff hid from his creditors in a secret chamber be- tween the first and second floors, and that a tunnel once ran from the base of the tower across the fields to Lake Ontario. The secret chamber was discovered by some students in Dr. Farewell ' s time and was padlocked for many years afterwards. It was removed several years ago when the base of the tower was remodelled. No conclusive proof has been found for the existence of the tunnel, although there are stories that it was discovered during the building of Highway 401, 30 years ago. It is also said that during the 1950 ' s, a tractor plowing a field south of the college mysterious- ly fell into a gaping hole which opened up under it. The corner stone of Trafalgar Castle, in- scribed " NCR, 1859 " was located over the south door of the flagstaff tower but was placed on the corner of the tower after the recent renovations. The newspapers of the 1860s praised the castle as the largest private detached mansion on the continent and proudly listed the vast amount of materials used to build it. Among these were 165 cords of rubble stone, 1, 500 square feet of rock face plinth, 2, 500 cubic feet of Ohio free stone, cut, moulded and rubbed; 125, 000 white bricks, 430, 000 red bricks, 1, 500 barrels of reached lime, 1,200 cubic yards of sand, and 275, 000 feet of lum- ber seasoned on the property for a year before building commenced. Trafalgar Castle took three years to build and was ready for occupancy in 1862. To landscape the grounds. Sheriff Reynolds trans- planted about 100 trees from the north part of Whitby Township at a cost of $464. Some of these trees cost $16 to $20 apiece. The castle was the showplace of Whitby during its brief ownership by the sheriff and was the centre of the social life of the Town of Whitby. The sheriff was to be host to a prince and prime minister and countless local dignitaries before he was forced by financial troubles to abandon Trafalgar Castle for a more modest home elsewhere in town. However, he did not lose his interest in the castle, for he served as a member of the Board of Directors of the Ontario Ladies ' College till his death, and visited his former home on many occasions. The grand staircase and window. Chapter Three The Brief Years of Grandeur Sheriff Reynolds is said to have imagined himself to be one of the baronial lords of England who would one day entertain members of the royal family in his palatial castle. Though Trafalgar Castle was only partially completed in September 1860 when Edward, Prince of Wales visited Canada, the sheriff extended an invitation to the prince and his party to visit his new home. Time would not permit such a visit, so the sheriff had to be content to wait for another opportunity. Sheriff Reynolds, however, was among the party of officials on the platform to receive the prince at the railway station. Along with the Mayor of Whitby, and Warden of Ontario County, he escorted the prince to the pavilion where he read an address to the prince from the County and its people. The Mayor, H. J. Macdonnell, expressed some annoyance be- cause the sheriff was the first to read his address. He considered the head of the municipality should have the right, but the Governor-General, Sir Edmund Head calmed his ruffled feelings by apologizing for the error in not presenting him first. Sheriff Reynolds, however, was happy to have scored one up on his rivals again, and along with the mayor accompanied the royal party to Toronto on the steamer Kingston. At 10:20 a.m., Oct. 6, 1869, the prince ' s party arrived at the Grand Trunk Station. Members of the party included some of the most prominent personalities in Canada: the Prime Minister, Sir John A. Macdonald; the Governor-General, Baron Lisgar; Ontario ' s Lieutenant-Governor, Sir W. P. Howland; Ontario ' s Premier, John Sandfield Macdonald; the mayor of Toronto, and officials of the Grand Trunk Railway and Bank of Montreal. The royal party proceeded uptown in a parade of 100 carriages, passing under evergreen arches erected for the occasion. They soon arrived at the site for the ground breaking, directly in front of Trafalgar Castle where the tracks now cross Gilbert Street. Platforms were erected for the visitors, where a crowd of 5,000 to 6,000 persons had assembled. After the reading of addresses of welcome by the mayor and war- den of the county, the Prince, accompanied by the Governor-General and Joseph Bigelow, president of the Port Whitby and Port Perry Railway, turned the first sod for the railway with a silver spade. About 11:30 a.m. the royal party and in- vited guests partook of a luncheon at Trafalgar Castle, which was adorned with flags for the occasion. Mrs. Reynolds led the prince into the drawing room, followed by the sheriff, leading Mrs. Young, the Governor-General ' s wife, Mrs. Howland, and Miss Macdonald, the prime minister ' s sister. In addition to the official visitors, many county dignitaries, including Mayor James H. Gerrie of Whitby, Ontario County Warden Joshua Wright, John Hall Thompson MP, T. N. Gibbs MP, Lt. Col. Fairbanks of the 34th Battalion, Joseph Bigelow and Ontario County Judge Zaccheus Burnham were present. Mayor Gerrie con- ducted the formal introductions. Following a boimteous luncheon, the royal party left Whitby by train. The visit of Prince Arthur to Trafalgar Castle was the crowning glory for Sheriff Reynolds and marked the beginning of the end of the years of grandeur for Trafalgar Castle. Debts were becoming an increasing problem for the sheriff, and by 1872, he was beginning to consider the sale of Trafalgar Castle. He had lived there 10 years in splendor, but the cost of such gracious living was too much for his pocketbook. In December of that year, a band of com- missioners headed by the minister of agricul- ture for Ontario was seeking a site for an agricultural college. Their itinerary included a visit to Whitby where they took soil samples in various parts of the town and visited Trafal- gar Castle for lunch. The commissioners agreed the castle would make an ample college which would easily accommodate 75 students, and be purchased for $100,000. Luck was not to be with the sheriff this time, for the com- missioners chose Guelph for the new school, where the Ontario Agricultural College re- mains to this day. As the sheriff sought some way to dispose of his costly castle, to a worthy institution throughout 1873, a small band of local men dedicated toward the establishment of a college for young ladies began to meet in Whitby. It was not long before they would approach the sheriff to discuss their plans. Southwest view of castle showing servants ' wing. Chapter Four A College Is Born On the evening of December 24, 1873, about 100 residents of Whitby assembled in the town hall at the call of the mayor to consider the establishment of a " female seminary " in the town. A requisition calling for the meeting had been passed around in previous weeks and received many signatures. The cause of edu- cation for young women was being vigorously promoted at the time with the churches taking the lead in establishing schools of higher learn- ing throughout Ontario. It was natural, there- fore that Whitby was interested in participating. More than 15 of Whitby ' s most prominent citizens rose to address the meeting. The first speaker was Rev. Joseph E. Sanderson, minister of the Methodist Tabernacle, who be- came the prime mover in the effort to establish the seminary. Mr. Sanderson had been a bril- liant scholar at Upper Canada College and the University of Toronto, having graduated in 1855 with many prizes to his credit. The fol- lowing year he was ordained as a Methodist minister, and served at churches in Ottawa, Aylmer, Perth and Trenton before coming to Whitby in 1871. He explained that the Methodist Church organization in Ontario was divided into three sections. Eastern, Western and Central. The Western section had already established a ladies ' college at Hamilton, the Eastern section had made arrangements to have a college, and the Central section intended to establish a si- milar school. The previous spring, he said, he had learned that Trafalgar Castle would be available for the Central section, and he had brought the matter before the Methodist Con- Rev. J.E. Sanderson ference, the governing body of the church, where the information was very favorably re- ceived. Sheriff Reynolds had since made an offer of the building and eight acres of land for the comparatively small sum of $45, 000, he told the meeting, producing the written offer for all to see. The castle was well suited for use as a college, in good condition, and centrally located, said Mr, Sanderson. In addition, it would provide a great material advantage to the town, bringing in $15, 000 to $20, 000 a year which would be spent in Whitby. He urged im- mediate action on the matter, for other locali- ties in the central section were preparing to bid for the proposed college. Following other speeches in support of the venture, the matter was put to a vote and carried unanimously that it was desirable to establish a female seminary in the town of Whitby. A second motion asked that the chair- man. Mayor J. Hamer Greenwood and secre- tary, H. B. Taylor, manager of the Dominion Bank, petition the Ontario County Council for $10,000 to aid in establishing the school. This too was carried. To enable the project to get under way, a committee was formed to prepare stock books and solicit funds, con- sisting of Mr. Sanderson, County Judge Zaccheus Burnham, Chester Draper, owner of Whitby Harbor, and Dr. R. J. Gunn, a former mayor and surgeon at the county jail. Within two weeks. Mayor Greenwood, Mr. Taylor, J. B. Powell, Richard Hatch, John Ham Perry, James Byrne, James Holden, Rev. J. Eraser, and Rev. S. T. Gibbs were added to the committee. The initial meeting was followed Feb. 10, 1874, with a convention at Trafalgar Castle to consider whether to accept the sheriff ' s offer. A large number of influential Methodists in- cluding the ' president of the Wesleyan Female College at Hamilton, and representatives of the Toronto Conference from Belleville, Bowmanville, Darlington, Pickering, Canning- ton and Whitby attended. A guided tour of the castle commenced at 10 a.m., followed by a meeting in the spacious drawing room. The convention then adjourned for lunch and met at 2 p. m. in the town hall. Mr. Sanderson reported that stock amount- ing to $8, 000 had already been subscribed in Whitby, and estimated the town should be able to supply $15, 000 of the $60, 000 required to establish a college. He suggested a provision- al board of directors should be formed, a charter obtained, and the project pushed for- ward as quickly as possible. Questions arose from the floor as to the commercial value of the college, to which Dr. Rice, president of the Wesleyan Female College replied. He told the meeting that at his college there were 130 boarders and 20 teachers. With 100 pupils at- a fee of $200 each per year, revenue would be $20, 000, he said. Only $14,000 was required to maintain that number with the necessary servants and teachers, he added. Addition of the expense account and depreciation of furniture would bring the total to $16, 000, leaving a balance of $4,000 in profits. Dr. Rice outlined how stock was raised for the college, pointing out that the establishment for which the stockholders had paid $24, 000 was now worth over $100, 000, and dividends on stock amounted to six per cent. He estimated that the college spent $20, 000 a year in Hamilton, and no pecuniary value could be placed on the moral benefit which it brought to the community. The next question was: " Will it succeed? " The Hon. R. Read of Belleville answered that it would if the church extended its patronage as proposed. The rapid growth of the country and the increase in wealth and population make a greater number of colleges necessary, he said. To back up his convictions, he moved that a provisional board of directors be appointed immediately, a charter obtained, the neces- sary amount of stock raised, and negotiations begin with Sheriff Reynolds for the purchase of Trafalgar Castle on as favorable terms as possible. This was carried unanimously. Ac- cordingly, the following were appointed pro- visional directors: John McDonald, Rev. Dr. Woodward, Hon J. C. Atkins, Toronto; Rev. D. C. McDowell, Barrie; Rev. J. E. Sanderson, James Holden, Chester Draper, Dr. Ro J. Gunn, Judge Burnham, J. B. Powell, J. Hamer Greenwood, Joshua Richardson, H. B. Taylor, and Richard Hatch, Whitby; J. B. Bickell, Brooklin; Aaron Ross, Prince Albert; Rev. W. Scott, chairman of the Whitby District; Hon. T. N. Gibbs, Major Grierson, and James Luke, Oshawa; Rev. John Bredin and Thomas McClung, Bowman- ville; Asa E. Wallbridge, Newcastle; Rev. S. S. Nelles, Cobourg; and Hon. R. Read and Esia Holton, Belleville. These men were chosen to represent the communities which would be served by the new college. Rev. Mr. Sanderson was appointed convener of the board, and a vote of thanks was tendered to Dr. Rice for the information he presented to the conven- tion which convinced its members to proceed with the college project. The provisional directors met for the first time Feb. 17 at the town hall. After a full consideration of the proposal, it was moved by Rev. Mr. Scott, seconded by Aaron Ross and unanimously resolved " That in the judgement of this meeting that the scheme of founding ' The Ontario Ladies ' College ' in the Town of Whitby is deserving of public support; and providing the Town of Whitby shall liberally sustain the effort by subscribing stock to the amount of $15, 000 inclusive, if necessary, of a portable bonus from the municipal council; the meeting is of the opinion that the claims of the institution can be presented to the outside committees as to receive the balance of the requisite, providing the premises can be pur- chased as a reasonable price. " This was the first time the name ' Ontario Ladies ' College ' was used. It is not known how the name was selected, but it may have had some relation to Lake Ontario which could be seen from Trafalgar Castle, or Ontario County of which Whitby was the county town . A public meeting followed in the town hall James Holden the same evening at which the resplution was presented. Following appeals from Rev. Mr. Sanderson and other directors, it passed unan- imously, and the matter was left in the hands of the people of Whitby. In a letter to the Christian Guardian in Toronto, the weekly newspaper of the Methodist Church of Canada, Rev. Mr. Sanderson out- lined the progress of the movement to found the college. He explained how the Methodist church had been quietly assessing the possi- bilities of obtaining Trafalgar Castle since it came on the market early in 1873. When brought up at the Toronto Conference, the sub- ject was received favorably and the president had advised Mr. Sanderson to obtain it if the price was reasonable. The general feeling of the directors by April, 1874, was that the building and the property could be obtained for about $35, 000 with $15, 000 coming from the people of Whitby. With some $12, 000 sub- scribed, a crisis developed and a bargain was closed with Sheriff Reynolds for the building and nine acres of land for $35, 000, with the sheriff taking $5, 000 stock himself. The ori- ginal price was to have been $45, 000 for the building and eight acres. Although Mr. Sanderson did not elaborate on the cause of the crisis, his son explained it in a letter many years later. " I remember while sitting at dinner in the old parsonage at Whitby a wire came for my father from Toronto saying that twenty thou- sand dollars must be secured before the open- ing of the Bank the next morning or the proper- ty would pass into the hands of the Grey Nuns. My father did not finish his dinner, but rushed off to raise the money, " he said. Rev. Mr. Sanderson reported in his letter to the Christian Guardian that 10 gentlemen assumed the financial responsibility and paid the $20, 000 to meet the urgent claim. How the Grey Nuns became involved in the negotiations is not known, but the quick action of Mr. Sanderson and Sheriff Reynolds saved the Ontario Ladies ' College and assured its future. Work went ahead to organize a joint stock company, with expectations of raising $20, 000 to $25, 000 in communities from Kingston to Owen Sound. In June, 1874, the provisional directors and the Whitby District representatives of the Methodist Church sent reports to the Toronto Conference asking its support for the Ontario Ladies ' College. The conference, the govern- ing body for the Toronto area, appointed a 10- man committee, including Dr. Egerton Ryerson, a leading Methodist and Superinten- dent of Education for Ontario, to examine the reports. Following a study of the requests, the committee recommended that the Confer- ence accept the college as a connexional in- stitution, extending to it the patronage of the Conference without assuming any financial responsibility. Secondly, it recommended that the college be placed under the supervision and patronage of the Toronto Conference, with authority to appoint officers and visitors as may be granted from time to time by the General Conference in accordance with the bylaws of the institution. Upon receiving the committee ' s report, the Toronto Conference accepted the recommen- dations and appointed Revs. Dr. Nelles, E. H. Dewart, and W. H. Withrow as visitors to re- port on the progress of the college to the-Con- ference. On a recommendation from the directors, the conference appointed Rev. Mr. Sanderson as principal and chief resident officer responsible for the moral and domestic government of the college, as well as its educational work. Rev. James Roy was appointed as the college ' s first professor. Throughout the summer of 1874, Rev. Mr. Sanderson made regular reports to the Guardian on the progress of raising the stock. In the issue of July 8, he reported that about $2,000 was subscribed at the Toronto Confer- ence and another $3, 000 collected by Methodist ministers in the Toronto area. Two ministers canvassed Toronto where they obtained $500 each from two prominent citizens. One minister covered the area to the north, one to the east, and one to the west of the city. Another took Belleville, Cobourg and Picton, while Mr. Sanderson himself visited Brampton, Streetsville and Barrie. Everywhere he went, he invited all to visit Whitby to see Trafalgar Castle, and reported a man from Montreal had assured him that residents of that city would invest in " such a grand under- taking. " In the issue of July 22, Mr. Sanderson re- ported on his travels to the north and westo In Barrie, with the aid of Rev. D. C. McDowell, he obtained $600, and Orillia citi- zens, despite a depression in the lumber trade, pledged $300. One pledge of $200 and another of $100 came from Brampton, but as most of couple of hours. By July 22 the total stock raised amounted to about $28, 000, and a week later stood at $32, 500. Rev. Mr. McDowell ' s beginning of $600 had run to $2, 200, with Prince Albert, near Port Perry, taking $900, Darlington $500 and Belleville $900. On Aug. 26, the first general meeting of the stockholders of the Ontario Ladies ' College was held in the office of the Port Whitby and Port Perry Railway Company. Mr. Sanderson announced that $35, 000 of stock had been taken and the balance of the $50, 000 required would be forthcoming once the remaining circuits had been visited. Election of the first board of di- rectors followed with those chosen being: James Holden, N. G. Reynolds, G. Y. Smith, Walter Coulthard, Joshua Richardson, and J. L. Smith, Whitby; Aaron Ross, Prince Albert; Thomas McClung, Bowmanville; and W. D. Matthews, Toronto. Provision was made for the Toronto Conference to also elect members to the board. The directors at a sub sequent meeting elected Mr. Holden, managing director of the Port Whitby and Port Perry Railway, as president, and Mr. Coulthard, vice-president. F. H. Torrington, a promi- nent Toronto musician, was chosen to teach vocal and instrumental music at the college, and J. Hock as teacher of drawing and painting September 15, 1874, was set by the direc- tors as the opening date for the Ontario Ladies College, climaxing nearly a year of hard work and planning to bring the college into being. G.Y. Smith A view of the college in 1874 at the time of the official opening. Chapter Five The Gala Opening Even before its official opening the Ontario Ladies ' College was attracting attention across the province. " For beauty, and healthfulness of location, for comfort and pleasure of pupils these premises are without rival in the Domin- ion, and we predict for them an honored and durable fame, " said the Mail, a Toronto daily newspaper. The Christian Guardian also paid glowing tributes to the college and those who had worked so hard to secure it. Sept. 3, 1874 was set as the date of the official opening by the Governor-General of Canada, Lord Dufferin. The day dawned dark and gloomy, but the town was gayly decorated with flags and bunting for the auspicious occa- sion. About 11:30 a.m. the train bearing the Vice-Regal party arrived at the Grand Trunk station and was switched north to the Port Whitby and Port Perry line. His Excellency was met at the uptown station on Dundas Street by Mayor Greenwood, Malcolm Cameron M. P. and a host of other local dignitaries, as the rain came pouring down. Four soldiers from the 34th Battalion of local militia came to their rescue with a tarpaulin stretched over the bayonets of their rifles, thus allowing the cere- mony to proceed. Following introduction of the town council, members of parliament and prominent citizens, the Mayor read an address of welcome to the Governor-General, referring to the advan- tages of Whitby and Ontario County and express- ing the town ' s loyalty to the Mother Country and Queen Victoria. Lord Dufferin replied briefly and inspected the guard of honor. A parade of carriages then proceeded through the main streets of Whitby to the new college. The lead carriage stopped briefly at an arch erected at the gates of the college grounds on which stood 12 little girls in red, white and blue dresses, each of whom waved small Union Jacks and bowed their welcome. On arrival at the Ontario Ladies ' College, Lord Dufferin and the Countess of Dufferin were presented with an address by Judge Burnham on behalf of the Board of Directors. He explained that the Ontario Ladies ' College had been chartered under the General Act of the Ontario Legislature and was under the supervision and patronage of the Wesley an Methodist Conference. The college, he said, would offer a thoroughly sound practical edu- cation which would provide instruction in re- fined manners, domestic habits and religiou s principles as well as " what are considered the higher branches and accomplishments. " Judge Burnham went on to outline the history of Trafalgar Castle, referring particularly to the visits of Prince Arthur and Baron Lisgar. The Governor-General congratulated the Board on its acquisition of Trafalgar (iastle and expressed his interest in education and the youth of Canada. He took special pleasure at seeing a bust of Sir Walter Scott, " one of the princes of European literature " in the room where he delivered his address. The Governor-General proceeded to issue a warn- ing about a new class of literature and school of writers " whose chief object seems to be to extract amusement and to awake laughter by turning everything that is noble, elevated and reverenced by the rest of the world into ridi- cule. " These writers, he said, " substituted parody for invention, and coarse vulgarity for the tender humor of a better day, or if this error is avoided, a sickly morbid sentimen- talism is substituted, more corrupting than absolute vice, or a historical sensationalism which is as bad as either. I cannot but think that it is a great matter that in our schools that we should take the greatest pains to main- tain a standard of healthy robust and refined taste. " A considerable number of presentations followed, after which the Governor-General and his party left Whitby by train. The actual opening followed the official ceremonies by 12 days. On Sept. 15, 1874, 25 pupils enrolled and a large gathering was held in the evening to acquaint the townspeople of Whitby with the new college. One of the first items to which the new Board of Directors turned its attention after the opening was provision of sidewalks to the college. The matter was brought before the town council with a request for special funds, which resulted in an appropriation of $400 to construct a plank sidewalk six feet wide from the College to Dundas Street. Funds were also supplied to repair the walk to Brock Street. One councillor wanted to limit the expense of the work by constructing a four-foot sidewalk but his amendment was defeated. Late in 1874 the Ontario Ladies ' College secured its first principal. Rev. John James Hare, a man of remarkable ability who was to serve in that capacity for 41 years. A native of the Township of Nepean, near Ottawa, he was 27 years old when he assumed the posi- tion. He was regarded from his earliest years as a child prodigy, having obtained a second class teacher ' s certificate at the age of 12, and matriculated into Victoria University three years later. At 17 he began a teaching career and at 19 entered the Methodist ministry. Mr. Hare served in churches at Chatham, and Smiths Falls before returning to Victoria University in Cobourg to graduate in 1873, winning four first prizes. After leaving college he was ordained and made assistant pastor at the largest church in London, Ont. In 1874, the year he became principal of the Ontario Ladies ' College, he married Miss K. McDowell, daughter of Rev. D. C. McDowell, one of the college ' s founders. By November 1874, the Ontario Ladies ' College had 28 boarders and 14 day students, with applications coming in almost every week. Ten teachers were now employed and enrolment would reach 115 by the end of the first year. On Dec. 23, Mr. Torrington, the musical director staged his first musical and literary entertainment for the public at an admission price of 25 cents. Rev. Dr. Nelles of Cobourg was on hand to give " an earnest and practical lecture on popular errors and possible success in the education of girls. " Following short readings by the pupils, the president and vice-president of the Board and Mayor Greenwood each delivered addresses. Thus closed the first months at the Ontario Ladies ' College, everyone being certain that a promising future lay ahead. Rev. and Mrs. J.J. Hare ' s wedding photo, 18 ' Chapter Six 1875 - 1877, The Early Years The tradition of lectures by noted speakers at the Ontario Ladies ' College began early in 1875 with the visit of the famous professor Goldwin Smith, whose political opinions favor- ing annexation with the United States 15 years later would cause a stir across the country. At the Easter closing, March 24, 1875, his topic was less controversial, --a tour in England. Music was supplied under the direction of Mr. Torrington. The previous month the Board of Directors had reported an enrolment of 80 pupils and a stock list which had surpassed $40,000. Fees for the college were: Primary dept. $3. 00 per term. Preparatory dept. $4. 00 per term. Collegiate dept. $6. 00 per term. Drawing French each $4. 00 per term. Instrumental and painting each. $8. 00 per term. Board with furnished room $2. 75 per week. Fuel, light and washing. 50 per week. College life during the first year of OLC is aptly described in a letter from Miss M. E. Bowman to her sister, dated April 18, 1875: " Dear Sister: I have no doubt you will be surprised to hear that on the 8th I started to College. I am in the Collegiate apartment (which is the high- est to be obtained. ) There are three apart- ments. Primary, Preparatory Collegiate. I have to study very hard for we have long lessons a very great many of them. But I have received a card of high value and only been here 10 days which is considered to be a great honor to any pupil. But you will ask if it is very expensive; it costs about $50 a quarter i.e. (ten weeks). I like it well so far. We board and sleep in the College never leave the playground without one of the teachers with us. It is lonely sometimes for I have not seen any person that I was acquainted with since I have been here. No Gentlemen are al- lowed to converse with any of the ladies with- out a note from the Parents if they suspect any correspondence with Gentlemen they will not send the letters or allow them to be sent to the P.O. I do not expect that I will be here more than 12 wks. (that is a term 1 ). On the 30th of June there will be a concert. I sup- ose there will be a great number of Ladies ad Gentlemen attend at which the pupils all ess in white. (I am taking up English ranches with Music. ). But you are tired of lis now. I will conclude by stating that we ! lave six Teachers, 3 Ladies 3 Gentlemen, I one of which is Mo A. another B. A. another a lusic teacher from Toronto. The Ladies all ave First Class Certificates. It is the leriff ' s house converted into a College. Dear iSter I was very much pleased to hear from ou that you are well permanently settled, j Aat Sarah Jane was getting big and making uch rapid progress with her studies. Give my best respects to Albert, Kiss Sarah for me. I would (like) to see you all very much but you will surely make us a visit before long. So good bye this time for the girls are come from church and you know where there is so much talk there is no writing. Write soon tell me all the news, every thing you can talk of. I still remain your true affectionate sister. M. E. Bowman (Please excuse this scribble for it is lamp- light and I am in a hurry for I wish to be in bed by | past 9 o ' clock. ) Early in May, Rev. E. H. Dewart, Editor of the Christian Guardian and Dr. Nelles, the official visitors to the college from the Toronto Conference made their first report. They found there were now 60 boarders and 47 day pupils, with receipts from tuition more than meeting expenses. " As far as a cursory examination enables us to speak, the teaching is conducted with ability and efficiency, " they stated. " The method of teaching is adapted to suggest and stimulate thought; and the answers of the pupils in the different classes indicated an in- tellectual grasp of the subjects taught. " High words of praise were offered for the teaching staff. Miss Dunlop, Mr. Torrington, Mr. Hock the drawing master, and Mrs. Hare who was described as a gifted musician. The pupils, from many different Protestant churches, were conducted each Sunday to the churches their parents wished them to attend, and all exercises at the college were " conduc- ted in a liberal and unsectarian spirit. " A full report of each pupil ' s standing was sent to parents at the end of each term to enable them to see the progress of their daughters. The first closing exercises of the College were held June 28 and 29, 1875 along with public examinations, a practice which has long since been discontinuted. The written exami- nations were conducted privately, but the oral examinations were open to the public, although comparatively few attended. The Revs. Dr. Wood, Dr. Jeffers and E. H. Dewart were to deliver addresses at the musical and literary entertainment but due to the pressure of mis- sionary work, and in one case a train going off the track, only Dr. Jeffers made an appearance. He praised the Ontario Ladies ' College highly for its work, stressing the necessity of religious as well as intellectual culture. The next speaker, a frequent visitor to the closing exercises at OLC, was Mackenzie Bowell, M.P., of Belleville, a future prime minister of Canada. He reflected the same views as Dr. Jeffers on the subject of religion. Jun e 29, the exercises came to a close with a grand concert, the proceeds of which were to aid the college library. Many of the pupils performed on the piano and violin and sang ioeautiful songs such as " Lo Hear the Gentle Lark, " and " The Message, " accompanied by Mr. Torrington on the violin and Mrs. Hare on the piano. The pianos, a Decker and two Hazeltons, were samples of about a dozen supplied to the college by Mason Risch and Newcombe, of Toronto. At the August meeting of the Board of Di- rectors, a bylaw amendment came forth to increase the number of directors from nine to 21, with seven to be ministers named by the Toronto Conference. The seven ministers selected were Revs. Dr. Wood, president of the Toronto Conference; D. C. McDowell, E. H. Dewart, editor of the Christian Guardian; J. E. Betts, J. E. Sanderson, G. Leech and R. H. Smith, whose appointment was ratified at the annual meeting of the stockholders. The annual meeting was scheduled for Sept. 3 but had to be postponed because not all the stock- holders had received their notices. The directors reported a surplus for the first year of $500, to be spent on finishing a suite of rooms for a dining room and kitchen. The secretary, John Rice, reported a total budget of $45, 582. 25 to July 31, 1875, but Chester Draper questioned the report, stating several items were not included, which would give a false picture to the stockholders. The statement was correct as far as it went, but it was not complete, he said. Mr. Coulthard ob- jected to paying both a governor and a principal, when he understood the jobs were to be handled by one man. Mr. Hare replied that Mr. Coulthard ' s remarks were both unjust and un- kind to himself and Mr. Sanderson, who had many difficulties to surmount. Mr. Sanderson said he was receiving $500 less as governor than he did on the Methodist circuit before he joined the college, and was so overworked that he could not even take two days ' vacation from his duties. OLC was not a money-making place or a place of rest he contended, regretting his services were not better appreciated. The Ontario Ladies ' College opened its second year Sept. 7, 1875. The first term lasted from Sept. 7 to Nov. 15; second term, Nov. 16 to Feb. 7; third term, Feb. 8 to April 20; and fourth term April 21 to June 29. In October Mr. Hare reported the donation of a case of stuffed birds from a Mr. Haycock of Yorkville. Further gifts of stuffed animals and birds followed, providing a fine display which was housed for many years on the first floor of Ryerson Hall. The first prize to be offered for competi- tion at the Ontario Ladies ' College was pre- sented at the Christmas concert, Dec. 22, 1875. Called the Christina Teskey Scholarship, after a student who died at the Hamilton Ladies ' College, it consisted of $20 a year, donated by her uncle, Albert Teskey of Appleton, Ont. T. H. McMillan, of Whitby, offered a silver medal, and it was not long before other noted men of Whitby and Toronto added to the list of prizes. Attendance at OLC continued to in- crease into 1876, with 105 pupils registered during the first and second terms of that year, representing an advance in fees of over $3, 000. Elocution instruction under Mrs. Taverner began in April along with gymnastics and riding instruction under Major Dearnally of the Queen ' s Life Guards, who had taught at many ladies ' schools in Canada. Club exer- cises and w alking were his specialty. The gymnastics, offered three times a week, were believed to contribute much to the health and appearance of the pupils. Major Dearnally presented his first demonstration of his teaching at the closing exercises in July 1876, receiving such high praise that four prizes were offered on the spot by interested specta- tors . As final examination time approached again, noted professors from Toronto were called in to conduct the exams. Among these was Prof. Thomas Kirkland, principal of the Toronto Normal School, who took charge of the chemistry examination. Prof. Kirkland con- gratulated the pupils on receiving a standard of 74 to 84 per cent. " Had they been up for examination at the University, they would have all received first class, " he said. A former headmaster of the Whitby High School, he was pleased to return to his home town. A literary entertainment at commencement featured an essay on the subject " This is but the dawn that speaketh of the noontide yet to be, " by Miss Lillie Gray, of Cartwright, the college ' s first graduate. On commencement day she received the degree of Mistress of English Literature (MEL) and $100 worth of prizes. More than 150 paintings and drawings by the pupils were neatly framed and exhibited in the drawing room for viewing by visitors. The closing concert, always a tradition at the commencement exercises, was held June 28 and prizes awarded to those who stood first, second and third in the chief subjects of the college: English Grammar, Spelling, Writing, Composition, Geography, English History, Ancient History, English Literature, Elocu- tion, Rhetoric, Bookkeeping, Latin, Arithme- tic, Algebra, Geometry, French, Botany, Zoology, Natural Philosophy, Physical Geo- graphy, Astronomy, Natural Theology, Evi- dences, Scripture, Mental Philosophy, Vocal and Instrumental Music, Drawing, Crayons, Painting, Waxwork, Riding and Walking Exer- cises, and Gymnastics. In August 1876 the visitors from the Toron- to Conference presented their annual report, expressing pleasure at the fine moral and edu- cational standing of the college. The directors reported an attendance of 65 boarders and 20 day pupils for 1875-76 and a net surplus of nearly $1, 500. The 1870s were described as hard times, but the college proved its worth by attracting more than 60 boarders for the coming fall opening to the great satisfaction of the directors. PHOTO AT RIGHT: Announcement of first closing exercises, June 28-30, 1875, printed in Whitby Chronicle. rVhitby, June 23, 1875. Chemist and Druggist, Whitby. DNTARIO LADIES ' COLLEGE, CLOSING EXEBCISES. ' Monday and Tuesday, June 28th and 29tli, ;lass examination to which the public aee invited.! Tuesday, June 2Dtli, at 7.30, p. m, MUSICAL AND LITEEARY ENTERTAINMENT. FEEE. Wednesday, June SOtli, at 7.30, p. m., C O isr C E T . Ml Admission, 25 cents. Proceeds in aid of College Library. JOHN J. HARE Vhhly, June IGlli, 1875. OHN G. ECBINSOK, M. A., r|l II E Chapter Seven The Building of Ryerson Hall By 1877 it was evident to all on the Board of Directors that several improvements were required at the Ontario Ladies ' College to meet the needs of the expanding enrolment. In the early part of the year a large deep well was dug and a windmill erected to supply water for the college. In April the college directors appealed to the town to construct a board side- walk on Gilbert Street so the students would not have to go by Dundas Street to get to church. When told that the college paid no taxes, some councillors were against the pro- vision of the sidewalk but they were reminded that the college spent $15, 000 a year in Whitby --a sum far greater than could be realized by taxes. Council estimated the cost of the side- walk to be $600 but instead of granting that sum, it allowed money for repairs in the centre ward which would include Gilbert Street. With the increasing enrolment and growing popularity of the college the directors decided early in 1877 that a major expansion of facili- ties was required. A call for tenders was issued in May for an addition, the tender of Henry Langley, a Toronto architect, being ac- cepted. Thomas and May of Oshawa received the contract for about $1, 000 for the erection of a wing to the north of Trafalgar Castle and a residence for the governor south of the main building. This residence was joined to the main building by Frances Hall 18 years later. The residence, known as " The Cottage " and the new wing were both constructed in the same architectural style as the main college building. The first floor of the wing contained a hall 50 by 60 feet with a permanent platform and was divided by rolling partitions into six class- rooms. Seating capacity was 500 with room on the platform for 100 pupils. This room served as the college ' s concert hall until the building of Frances Hall in 1895. On the second and third floors were 12 rooms each, for accom- modation of pupils. The new wing was named Ryerson Hall in honor of Ontario ' s ex-superintendent of educa- tion Dr. Egerton Ryerson, who came to Whitby to lay the cornerstone at the commencement exercises in June. The ceremony took place in the evening, beginning with an address by President Holden outlining the growth of the college and Dr. Ryerson ' s career in education. The president then handed a silver trowel to the grand old man of Methodism and education, who proceeded to place the stone. Dr. Ryerson spoke briefly on the importance of female education, stating he believed colleges for ladies and gentlemen should be separate. It was of vital necessity that the mothers of Canada be educated so their sons would not re- main ignorant, he told the gathering, and went on to encourage the development of such in- stitutions as the Ontario Ladies ' College. Ryerson Hall was constructed during the sum- mer and fall of 1877 and opened early the following year. During 1877 the college offered a certifi- cate to parents and others who came to visit which would permit them to return by the Grand Trunk Railway at one third fare. This was designed to encourage visitors to come and see the advantages of OLC. Special events of the year included the annual Christmas concert and an entertainment in German and French. New prizes were offered at the 1877 commencement, including a gold medal by James Patterson of Toronto, and two medals by the Governor- General. Diplomas were now offered for Mistress of Liberal Arts (MLA) and Mistress of English Literature (MEL), and an increas- ing number of cash prizes by local business- men and friends of the college. With Ryerson Hall increasing the accommodation of the Ontario Ladies ' College the year ended on a highly successful note. OLC in 1877, with Ryerson Hall at left and " The Cottage " at right. PHOTO AT RIGHT: 1878 advertisement. ONTARIO LADIES ' COLLEGE, OFFERS THE FOLLOWING ADVANTAGES : • 4 1st. The finest buildings and grounds in Cano " 3evofrr1 to the higher education oi young ladies. 2nd. A very complete and efficient staff of instruetur3. i ' - ' visiou i i juado for a thorough grounding in|English, as the true foundation for a fiiiished edur iti ' -n. The simplest elementary subjects are not overlooked, bo that pupils may enter with advantage at an early age, and in any stage of advancement. Special facilities are aHorded for acquiring a thorough and practical knowledge of science. The music department, under the manage- ment of F. H. Torrington, Esq., Conductor of the Pliilharinonic Society of Toronto, is in the highest state of efficiency. French and German are taught by an accompUshed lady, who speaks both languages, and who also possesses a good knowledge of English. Litera- ture, Mathematics, Drawing, Painting, c., are taught in the most eflective manner. 3rd. Well regulated exercise in walking, calisthenics, and riding ; wholesome and nutritious diet ; comfortable and well ventilated rooms, c. ft 4th. A large number of honors to be competed for. Two medals from His Excellency Lord Dufferin ; gold medal from Jas. Patterson, Esq., of Toronto ; a scholarship from Albert Teskey, Esq., of Applet on, and more than 150.00 worth of Prizes. 6th. Fifteen per cent, reduction to those who pay in advance for one year ' s board and tuition. To those who pay by the term :— For second term of attendance, five per cent, off all bills; for third term, ton percent, off; and for fourth term, fifteen per cent. will Via flpflnp.f.pVl . A south view of the college in winter with the telescope house in foreground. Chapter Eight The Visit of the Marquis of Lorne In March of 1878 Mrs. Taverner Graham, a noted elocutionist, presented several read- ings at the Ontario Ladies ' College, including scenes from Shakespeare ' s Macbeth and con- temporary writings. She was so well received by the pupils that in later years she was hired as a teacher. The teaching staff at that time consisted of the Principal Mr. Hare, who taught Natural Science and Mathematics, and the governor Mr. Sanderson, who took English Literature and Language, the classics and Mental and Moral Philosophy. Miss Wilson taught senior English classes, while Miss Maude Jarvis, the college ' s gold medalist of 1887 handled the junior classes. Miss Cowle and Miss Kerr assisted Mr. Torrington with music and Miss Brown taught drawing and painting. Mile Buchannan and latterly Mile Quillet were in charge of Modern Languages, and Major Dearnally, riding and gymnastics. The Board of Directors supplied the col- lege with a collection of maps, globes, physio- logical and botanical charts, and chemical apparatus, and a telescope was set up south of the main building. The telescope was housed in a frame shed with a roof that opened to the sky for night viewing of the stars under the in- struction of the principal. A fossil cabinet contained more than 500 specimens neatly labelled and arranged in cases. Casts of celebrated fossils including a human skull from Neaunderthal near Dusseldorf, Germany were on display. The collection of stuffed birds begun in 1875 had also increased. Attendance reached 110 in 1878, made up of 88 boarders and 22 day pupils. A 15 per cent reduction in fees was offered to those who paid one year ' s board and tuition in advance. An extensive program of lectures by noted professors and elocutionists was conducted through the winter of 1878-79, establishing a tradition that was to prevail well into the 20th century. Prof. Thomas Kirkland and Dr. Haanel of Victoria University offered courses of lectures, along with Mrs. Taverner Graham, a frequent visitor to the college. Late in 1879 the first of OLC ' s monthly magazines, " The Sunbeam " went into publication. The young ladies submitted poems, stories and essays to The Sunbeam, which was sold in the college and at local stores for 50 cents a copy. The year also saw the resignation of J. E. Sanderson as governor, leaving Mr. Hare to take over that position while continuing his duties as principal. He moved into the Cottage and started his work as governor by extending the college ' s advertising program. On Sept. 20, 1879 the Ontario Ladies ' College was graced with its third visit by a Governor-General, the second s ' nce the official opening. The Marquis of Lorne, and his wife Princess Louise, a daughter of Queen Victoria, arrived at the uptown station near the college after first being greeted at the Grand Trunk station near Port Whitby. Mr. Hare, repre- senting the college, was among the distinguished guests to board the Vice-Regal train to be pre- sented to the Governor-General. As the train approached the uptown station, a royal salute was fired from detonators on the railway track. A platform with mottos, evergreens and decor- ations was erected at the station beside which were platforms of ascending seats occupied by local high school pupils and students of the college. As the visitors proceeded along a carpeted passage the students sang " The Campbells are Comin ' " in honor of the Governor-General, whose name was John Douglas Sutherland Campbell. Following the town and county addresses and presentation of local dignitaries, four students of the college presented the princess with bouquets of flowers. This was to be followed by an ode of welcome sung by the young ladies of the college, but since time was running out, the students did not have an opportunity to sing their ode. They had to be content with presenting the Vice- Regal party with two copies printed on white satin. Princess Louise described the occasion as " one of the prettiest receptions I have ever had, " and the Governor-General was full of questions about the Ontario Ladies ' College However, unlike Lord Dufferin, he did not have time to visit the premises. The following is the ode offered to the Governor-General by the students of OLC: An Ode of Welcome We come, a youthful band To welcome to this land loyal and free A son of Argyle ' s line Where many virtues shine And truth and right combine In rare degree. From every heart there goes Welcome to England ' s Rose! Whom here we greet May God protect from ill. Enrich with blessing still. And all life ' s moments fill With bliss complete. Though far from Britain ' s shore We only love the more Our Sovereign here. No power this love can break. And for Victoria ' s sake. Right to our hearts we take Her children dear. Tobogganing was a popular sport in the fields south of the college. College with new trees along driveway, C. 1880. Chapter Nine The 1880s -- Prosperity in Hard Times The 1880s, a prosperous period for the Ontario Ladies ' College in spite of hard times, began with an announcement by the Governor- General of a silver medal to be awarded at the next commencement. The Sunbeam was re- ceiving " scores of letters " in praise of its contents, and many noted lecturers and artists continued to provide entertainments at the college. The college literary society partici- pated in these entertainments, which were open to the citizens of Whitby. Tickets for the year ' s seven entertainments were 75 cents or 20 cents for a single admission. The enter- tainments were highly successful, the only drawbacks being " the offensive gasses pro- duced by the colored lights. " Topics of lectures included " The History of the Earth, " illustrated by stereoptican views by Prof. Thomas Kirkland, and a reading of Dickens ' " Christmas Carol. " Winter brought complaints that the snow on the sidewalks to the college was not shovelled, " it is pitiable to have the young ladies of the college walking through deep snow and slush in such a leading thoroughfare of the town, " commented the Whitby Chronicle. Goldwin Smith made his second appear- ance at the college to address the students on commencement day, 1880, speaking on com- mencement days at Eton and Oxford. On the same occasion, the first alumnae society at the Ontario Ladies ' College was formed and a constitution adopted. The officers were Miss Herriman, president; Miss Phillips, vice-president; Miss L. Wilson, secretary- treasurer; and Misses Jarvis, Vair and Sherin, committee of management. In 1881 the lecture series continued with such eminent personalities as Dr. Nelles, president of Victoria University, speaking on mistakes in education; Prof. Macoun, of Albert University, on the North West; Dr. Haenel on music, and Professor Bell, the leading elocutionist in Canada, presenting a series of readings. French and German conversation were stressed in the 1880s " with a view toward travelling on the Continent. " The main courses led to university examina- tions for women, a new concept in education, and many optional courses were offered. Professor Edward Fisher, a noted Toronto musician, succeeded Mr. Torrington as musi- cal director in 1881. The same year James Holden, the first president of the college ' s Board of Directors, died and was succeeded by G. Y. Smith, a Whitby lawyer. Miss M. E. Adams, of Brookhurst School in Cobourg, was engaged as Lady Principal at this time, to supervise the pupils in relation to manners and social culture. Previously this position had been occupied by Mrs. Hare, the principal ' s wife. The following are excerpts from letters by a student at the college in 1882, outlining day- to-day happenings in the life of the pupils: Sept. 29, 1882 -- " We had a splendid time on Thursday afternoon. One of the girls brought a spirit lamp to our room and we made tomato sauce we had biscuits cakes apples. I can tell you it was a treat for we poor starved girls. I wish you would bring me some cakes when you come to Toronto. " Oct. 14, 1882 -- " I get up at half past five and practise from six to seven, then study from seven to eight- -then breakfast school till half past one. I generally paint or draw in the afternoon then study practise again in the evening. Next week I am going to have an early breakfast and then practise from eight to nine. I think it will be better than from six to seven in the winter. I like Miss Wilson the music teacher so much. She is a splendid teacher so kind and nice. She wants me to take lessons on the violin. They are going to start a class and have a teacher from Toronto. I would not have to buy a violin until 1 learnt. They will provide one if you wish it. " " Miss Windeal left last Thursday. She has a position in the Art School in Toronto. I am sorry. I liked her so much. I hope they will get another teacher right away or it will put us all back in our work. They gave Miss Windeal a present worth $18. It was a hanging lamp, three volumes of poems and an album. They were all nicely bound and she was very pleased with them. " " I suppose you have not sent my box yet. Be sure to send me work when you do, for one of the girls here got one the other day. There were apples pears in it it had been left out at the station a week the apples were rotten and had spoilt. I hope you will send me as many of the things as you can get in the box for I am hungry nearly all the time. I sup- pose the board is as good as at other schools but it is really not good. The other day the meat was so rare tough that the teacher had to send for a servant to cut it. I could not touch it we never have butter for dinner so I had to eat dry bread potatoes a little bit of rice pudding without sugar or milk, but never mind: I will be home two weeks from today. " " We have to go down to the drawing room this afternoon. We have to every Saturday from three to four and Miss Adams reads to us while we do fancy work. Miss Adams has a reception every other Friday. They are very nice. I did not go down last night be- cause Maude Haken, my roommate was sick and I wanted to stay with her of course. I had to send my regrets and this morning Miss Adams asked if I were better. I hardly knew for a minute what she meant, but remembered in time. " In 1882 the Ontario Ladies ' College had six teachers in the literary department, four in the musical department, two in fine arts and one in calisthenics. Some of these teachers were former pupils of the college. New fea- tures introduced at the 1882 commencement exercises were an alumnae supper with toasts and speeches and separate diplomas for the music department. By commencement day 1884 the college recorded its largest attend- ance since opening 10 years previously, with 150 names being on the roll. The following year the Ontario Ladies ' College began to de- velop a reputation for turning out excellent candidates for university. The class of ' 85 took honors in three groups and headed the list in two in the junior matriculation exams for the University of Toronto, and one student won the bronze medal awarded by the Ontario Department of Education for highest standing in the Grade B art course. The following year the students of the art department won the first prize of $25 for drawing and painting from natural objects at the Toronto Industrial Ex- hibition. In 1886 the students of OLC began providing concerts for charity in Toronto, which were highly successful. One of the first was in the Pavilion Music Hall in aid of the Ladies ' Relief Society. Other concerts were on behalf of the Toronto Newsboys ' Home. New and highly qualified teachers were added to the staff in the same year, including L. R. O ' Brien, President of the Royal Academy of Artists as art director, and a gold medalist from the Philadelphia School of Oratory to take charge of the elocution department. A report to the Ontario Department of Edu- cation about 1886 listed the following assets of the Ontario Ladies ' College: 15 professors and one lecturer or tutor, 135 to 150 students, 40 graduates (29 in arts and 11 in music), chemi- cal and physical laboratories, library of 300 volumes, collections of stuffed birds and mammals, fossils, rocks and minerals, and a six-inch refracting telescope and compound microscope. Early in 1887 Mr. Hare, the principal, re- ceived the degree of Ph. D. from the University of Bloomington, Illinois. This was a high honor not only for the principal but for the college also, and added much to the stature of the institution. The year 1887 also saw the introduction of a special elocution course under Mrs. Taverner Graham, similar to the courses offered at the Boston and Philadelphia Schools of Oratory. Before long she was directing public entertainments which received high praise in the press. Diplomas in elocution and fine arts were issued for the first time in 1887, followed in 1888 by diplomas in commercial art. Also in 1887, a passage was constructed between the main building and Dr. Hare ' s re- sidence, the Cottage. During the winter of 1888-89 the college erected a large frame gymnasium behind the main building to add to the toboggan slide and skating rink already in use. It was finished early in the new year and served as a concert hall for the commencement exercises from 1889 to 1895. The raftered roof was hung with bunting for the occasion and evergreens decorated the walls. The gymnasium was so crowded for the commencement of 1889 that crowds sat on the window ledges and standing room was unobtainable. The gymnasium, complete with the most modern of equipment, served until the present gym was erected in 1911. In July 1889, the Toronto Conference of the Methodist Church and a large number of city residents toured the college and were treated to a concert in the new gymnasium. Refresh- ments were served on the lawn following the tour. During the 1880s a new kind of entertain- ment known as a Conversazione was introduced at OLC. This consisted of promenading up and down the halls to music from a Toronto orches- tra (no dancing was allowed) and the serving of refreshments. Special trains from Toronto brought out male guests for the evening. The Juniors and Seniors set up " retreats " where they gathered in a corner, surrounded by decorations, between the promenades. This popular form of entertainment continued until the end of the First World War. A graduate ' s diploma in Liberal Arts, 1881. Chapter Ten 1890 - 1895 -- The University Extension Scheme The Ontario Ladies ' College, always keep- ing up to date with modern improvements, be- came the first building to be lit by electric lights in Whitby, during 1890. Three hundred incandescent lights were installed and one " ball light " was placed in the main hall and one on a post on the grounds. Ryerson Hall was illuminated electrically for the first time June 27, 1890, for the opening concert of the com- mencement exercises. The electric light was then only 11 years old and one can imagine the attraction it was to visitors, who had not even had the opportunity to install it in their own homes. Dr. Hare at one of the concerts in 1890, expressed pleasure at the number of students attending the Ontario Ladies ' College from the United States. The college ' s fame had already spread to that country, and to Europe the year before when Dr. Hare toured the con- tinent. John Dryden, MPP for South Ontario, was a special guest at the 1890 commence- ment, at which Dr. Hare announced that special trains from Toronto would bring visi- tors to all special music and art festivals at the college as well as the annual commence- ment exercises. For the first time the principal announced his intention to make the Ontario Ladies ' College into a Women ' s University federated with the University of Toronto. This had long been a dream of Dr. Hare ' s and he would con- tinue to pursue it throughout the 1890s. The first step was taken in March 1891 when the directors met at the Methodist Book Room in Toronto to appoint a committee to look into university affiliation. In December the same year they decided to extend the course of study to a full university course covering freshman sophomore and junior years. In November 1891, the college received a bell, which was hung in the flagstaff tower and rung for many years afterwards to an- nounce meals and change of classes. The bell, cast in 1854, was the first in Whitby and hung in the Congregational Church on Byron Street. The church had recently disbanded and had be- come a barracks for the Salvation Army. Although silent many years, the bell still hangs in the tower of the college, an historic link with Whitby ' s past. In 1892 the college had a hygienic and gym- nastic club which presented entertainments in Ryerson Hall. Other clubs of the 1890s in- cluded the Victorian Society, under Mrs. Hare, which undertook musical and literary composition and the guardianship and exten- sion of the Victorian Jubilee Library. The Victorian library was begun in 1892 to cele- brate Queen Victoria ' s Diamond Jubilee. Separate from the general library it consisted of works of authors of the Victorian era and some foreign authors of the past 50 years selected by a committee. A printed catalogue of names of contributors was preserved at one time in the college archives, but is lost to the present generation. The literary and musical society presented recitations, read- ings, essays and concerts in the college chapel, and the Missionary Society and Chris- tian Endeavor Society held monthly religious meetings. A Volunteer Band consisted of members of the Missionary Society who in- tended to become foreign missionaries. The Alumnae Society held supper meetings and lectures and attended the entire commence- ment exercises each year. The following note appeared in the Whitby Chronicle of 1892, regarding problems faced by the college students: " There are still many complaints from the College regarding annoyances caused to the ladies on the streets by urchins, and some large boys who have no more sense than ur- chins. This harrassing of college divisions will no doubt go on until the youths have a big fine and costs to pay and then there will be a tune out of the other sides of their mouths. " The university affiliation preparations pro- ceeded well through 1892 as plans were made to have first and second year university courses added to the curriculum, which would enable graduates to become specialists in high schools and collegiate institutes. New and better qualified teachers were hired for 1893 as a preparation for this work. The following are some rules and regula- tions extracted from the college calendar of 1894-95: " Boxes from home containing eatables will not be admitted unless the parents write a note to the governor stating that they contain nothing but fruit and biscuits. " " Once a month on the first Saturday after- noon pupils may visit such friends as parents may name to the Governor of the College. " " Pupils are not allowed to meet friends at the railroad depot unless under exceptional circumstances and then only when a proper escort can be obtained. " " Friends will not be allowed to visit pupils unless suitably introduced by a note from the pupil ' s parents. The time for receiving visi- tors is from three to five p.m. on Saturday. No visiting allowed on public holidays. " " Parents only, when staying in the town, may take their daughters to a hotel for meals. Correspondence is limited to such correspon- dence as parents or guardians authorize by writing. The shorter the list the better. A large correspondence seriously interferes with school work. " Ontario Lieutenant-Governor Kirkpatrick and Mrs. Kirkpatrick were among the guests at the commencement exercises of 1894. A train of seven cars brought several hundred guests from Toronto who witnessed the college students form a guard of honor along the aisle as the Lieutenant-Governor and his wife entered the gymnasium. Rev. Dr. Dewart read an address of welcome on behalf of the Board of Directors and Miss E. Eraser, a student, read an address to Mrs. Kirkpatrick. In 1894 the first and second year university courses were introduced at OLC. One student who had taken her first year at the University of Toronto arrived to take the second year at the college. By 1895 three out of four college students had passed University of Toronto exams, one of whom had never had a high school education. The musical department, now under J. W. F. Harrison, was strengthened by the addition of Miss Haanel, a bachelor of music, who offered free Harmony lessons to the young people of Whitby. Classes from Miss Haanel in piano cost $2 a term and $6 a term for violin for one lesson a week. Mr. Harrison received the honor of having one of his pupils win the gold medal in connection with the graduating course of the Toronto Conservatory of Music, thus proving the worth of his de- partment. A social function known as an " At Home " became popular at the college in the 1890s. Exchanges began between OLC and Victoria College in Toronto with students from each institution attending events at the other. A special train from Toronto brought the uni- versity students to OLC for the At Home and took them back the same night. As part of the university extension scheme, starting in 1890, OLC graduates were given third year standing with honors in modern languages at Victoria College, and were able to graduate from Victoria within two years. A normal day in the life of an Ontario Ladies ' College student in 1895 began at 6:30 a. m. with the ringing of the tower bell and the clanging of a hand bell through the various halls. Some of the more diligent students, however, were busy practising at the piano an hour before. At 7 a.m. every girl was prac- tising the piano or at her books, and con- tinued to work until breakfast and prayers at eight. A short walk was taken before nine, when classes began again and continued until 1 p.m. , with a half-hour ' s intermission for physical culture drill. After the mid -day meal, the students were at liberty until 5 p. m. How- ever, during this time they were required to take a walk around the grounds, and on Fri- days, answer their letters. Tea was served in the late afternoon when the students ga- thered in the reading room or chapel to sing college songs and socialize. Study hour fol- lowed from 5 p. m. to 6 p. m. Then there was dinner, and a free half hour at 8:30 p.m. At half past nine the tower bell rang for lights out, but the seniors and university girls were allowed to keep their lights burning until 10 po m. Friday nights were free and usually devoted to plays, concerts, lectures, suppers, or general calling. Saturdays were free with ' the exception of two hours ' study in the morning. Saturday afternoons were usually devoted to excursions into the country or visits to neigh- boring towns. The school societies met in the evening, and on the first of each month a num- ber of lucky students were invited out to tea in Whitby. The Christian Endeavor Society and the Literary Society were the two largest groups in the school, with each student belong- ing to at least one of them. Life was generally busy for the college students in the " Gay Nineties " but there was plenty of time for recreation as well, v ith tennis courts and a baseball field on the col- lege grounds. Editorial staff of " The Sunbeam, " 1893. An afternoon riding class, 1893, Lillian Frances Massey Chapter Eleven Frances Hall As early as 1886 the college directors be- gan to consider a second addition to the school ' s facilities. In December 1891 they took the first step by deciding to erect a hall to cost not less than $25,000. Initial plans called for a grand conservatory of music with a large pipe organ. The urgent need for new buildings became apparent the following year when the college was unable to ask for students from the United States for want of room. By commencement day 1893 Dr. Hare was able to tell the students the Board had raised $28,000 of the estimated $50, 000 for the new addition. At the Board meeting of 1894 the directors decided to appeal for subscription of $50, 000 new stock to pay off the balance of the debt on the college property and for the erection of the new wing. By October, Rev. D. C. McDowell had obtained subscriptions for $36, 000, and a concerted effort was made especially in Toronto to raise the remaining $14,000 in a few weeks. In March 1895, the building fund got an un- expected boost. Hart A. Massey, who built the Massey Music Hall in Toronto the year be- fore, made an offer of $10, 000 toward the erection of the new addition once the fund had reached $40, 000. With this new-found money the construction of the long-awaited addition was assured. For his generous donation, Mr. Massey was unanimously elected to the Board of Directors and by special resolution the di- rectors decided to name the hall after his daughter. Miss Lillian Frances Massey. The original motion called for the name to be " The Lillian Massey Hall, " but it was soon shorten- ed to " Frances Hall. " The construction of the new hall and the completion of the university extension program were now assured. The directors forecast that the school ' s enrolment would double and it would soon be granting university degrees. Not long after the Massey donation was an- nounced the college proceeded to demolish the old wing to the south of the main building that had once been the servants ' quarters of Tra- falgar Castle. Frances Hall, 130 by 52 feet and three storeys high, was designed to join the main building with the Cottage. The earth excavated for the basement was placed north of the gymnasium to provide the base for a new skating rink. On a bright June afternoon in 1895 the cornerstone for Frances Hall was laid amid great rejoicing. The program opened with a half-hour ' s exhibition of physical culture by 48 students, followed by the cornerstone cere- mony itself. President of the Board, George A. Cox, of Toronto, presented Miss Massey with a silver trowel as he expressed the thanks of the directors for her father ' s generous gift. The Massey family had a special interest in education for they also made gifts to Vic- toria University, Toronto; Albert College, Belleville; Alma College, St. Thomas; and Methodist Colleges in Winnipeg and British Columbia. Miss Massey assisted in spread- ing the mortar, as copies of all Toronto daily newspapers and literary journals, all Metho- dist publications of the day, local papers and current coins were deposited in the cavity. H. B. Taylor, secretary of the Board, de- clared the stone well and truly laid and the company adjourned to the gymnasium for the speeches. Mr. Massey himself, although aged and feeble, delivered the first address. " What a magnificent home these young lady students have, " he declared as he contrasted the state of female education of 50 years before with that of 1895. Rev. Dr. Potts congratulated Dr. Hare and the directors on the day ' s work and the grand prospect it opened up for them. Following the suggestion of Dr. Massey he hoped to see OLC devote some special effort toward training of women for the missionary field. The remarks by several other speak- ers brought high praise to both Dr. Massey and Dr. Hare for their efforts in the field of female education. The cornerstone ceremony was followed by the college ' s 21st annual com- mencement exercises. By September 1895, the roof was already completed on Frances Hall. An Edison dynamo to operate the electric light system was install- ed, along with two 50 horsepower boilers for heating the enlarged premises by steam. The new hall, constructed of white brick and Cleve- land freestone, was built in the style of the original castle, providing a concert hall, dining room and kitchen on the ground floor and dormitories and baths on the upper floors. Frances Hall was finally dedicated in De- cember 1895, six months after the corner- stone ceremony, before a large crowd of rela- ! tives and friends of the students. L. T. j Barclay, second vice-president of the Board I opened the proceedings with a history of the i college. Rev. D. C. McDowell offered a dedicatory prayer, followed by Rev. Dr. E. i H. Dewart with the dedicatory address. Miss ' Massey attended the ceremony but asked not to be called upon to speak. ' Frances Hall allowed for the addition of 40 to 50 more boarders to the roll. The concert hall with its admirable acoustic properties could seat an audience of 400 without any over- crowding. The new steam heating system and electric lights added a modern touch to this newest and finest addition to the Ontario Ladies ' CoUegCo One of the principal features of Frances Hall is the open passage along the facade knov n as the loggia. It was a suitable place for stu- dents to gather during the warm months of spring and fall, and also served for many years as the place where the May Queen ' s throne was set up. In recent times, the five large archways have been filled in with storm windows, making the loggia available for year- round use. The Ontario Ladies ' College has reason to be grateful to the Massey family for its sup- port of the school, not only at the time when Frances Hall was built, but in the early years of the 20th century when Miss Massey, later Mrs. Treble, contributed to the establishment of a domestic science department. Victoria College students at tennis match outside Frances Hall, 1906. Chapter Twelve 1896 - 1899 -- The Visit of Lord Aberdeen Early in 1896 a new experiment began at the Ontario Ladies ' College in the form of a series of university extension lectures. These weekly lectures by professors from the Uni- versity of Toronto and noted Methodist minis- ters were open to the public at a cost of $1 for 10 lectures or 15 cents for one. Whitby ' s Mayor James Rutledge opened the series with an inspiring speech and introduced the first speaker. Rev. E. H. Dewart, who spoke on Glimpses of the Old World. The other lec- tures included Women of Greece, by Prof. Hutton; Adam Smith and His Friends, by Prof. Mavor, head of the University of Toronto ' s political science department; Social Evolution, by Prof. McCurdy; Martin Luther, by Dr. Needier; Hypnotism, by Dr. Tracey ; Faust, by Dr. Vandersmissen; and Pascal, by Prof. Squair. All professors were from the Univer- sity of Toronto. Attendance at these lectures by the townspeople of Whitby was not encour- aging, but those who did attend were impressed by the calibre of the speakers. Early in 1896 Hart Massey, whose $10,000 gift assured the building of Frances Hall, died in Toronto. Early in October, the largest gathering yet held in the new hall occurred for the dedication of a massive pipe organ. Profo J. W. F. Harrison, the college ' s musical di- rector, informed the gathering that OLC was the first ladies ' college in Canada to install a modern pipe organ, driven by an electric motor. The organ stood for many years in the southwest corner of Frances Hall, before it was removed. Mr. Harrison proceeded to open a performance on the organ with Mendel- sohn ' s Sonata No. 4, supplemented by selec- tions from Dubois, Guilmant and Verdi ' s grand march from Aida. The installation of the pipe organ led to a special series of concerts in Frances Hall. In January 1897 the two 24-pounder ordi- nance guns in front of the college were brought to Whitby and mounted on wooden carriages. These guns, along with the old Town of Whitby cannon made for the visit of the Prince of Wales in 1860, have been landmarks on the college grounds for many years. The wooden carriages for the ordinance guns eventually rotted and were replaced by concrete stands, but the town cannon which stood at the fork of the road near the gates vanished completely some time after 1914. This small cannon was cast at Carleton Lynde ' s foundry in Whitby and fired on ceremonial occasions such as the first Dominion Day in 1867 and the Vice-Regal visits. It was rescued from the scrap heap by the college authorities and for many years guarded OLC. February was the month for the college ' s annual conversazione with its visit from the students of Victoria College. As many as 250 invited guests arrived by train from Toronto to join in the promenading to the music of the D ' Alesaudro Orchestra. In April, J. William Macy, a popular humorist and buffo-basso singer from New York, appeared in Frances Hall while on his first tour of Canada. Other stops included Montreal and Kingston. Free bus service was provided from uptown to the college for the event, which itself cost only 25 cents for admission. The university lecture series began again in March 1897 with speeches on Tolstoi, Thackery, the Ice Age in Ontario, and Socrates - the Man and the Philosopher. The Volunteer Missionary Movement League was the topic of discussion by Miss Rowse, an English lecturer, in October, and this was fol- lowed by a visit of the college students to the Simcoe Street Methodist League in Oshawa. By 1897, the college ' s musical department be- came the Ontario Conservatory of Music, offering the same course as that of the Toronto Conservatory. The year 1898 had special historic signifi- cance, for it marked the visits of two noted Canadian officials -- Sir Oliver Mowat, former Premier of Ontario and now Lieutenant-Gover- nor of the province, and Lord Aberdeen the fourth Governor-General to visit the college. Sir Oliver Mowat, a stockholder of OLC for many years, made a brief appearance at the February conversazione and returned early in October. The Lieutenant-Governor arrived Sept. 30 and was escorted through town to Dr. Hare ' s residence. He dined at the college with the board of directors and had his photograph taken with the students. From the college, he proceeded to the corner of Dundas and Garden Streets to open the South Ontario Agricultural Society ' s fall fair, where he received address- es of welcome and spoke of his early political career in Ontario County. The Lieutenant-Governor ' s visit was fol- lowed by only a few days with a visit by Lord Aberd een, Lady Aberdeen and their daughter Lady Marjorie Gordon. The Vice-Regal party arrived in Whitby Oct. 19, 1898 at 2 p.m. Following visits to the Town Hall and Colle- giate Institute the Vice-Regal party was re- ceived at 6 p.m. at the college. The students lined each side of the main hall as the party approached. Dr. Hare led a tour of the col- lege, followed by tea in the dining room arranged by the Domestic Science class. An informal reception was held in the drawing room, which was tastefully decorated with autumn leaves and flowers. Here the promi- nent people of Whitby were presented to the Governor- General. Dr. Dewart, in the absence of Board President Senator George A. Cox, presided over a formal program in the concert hall. He expressed the sadness of Canadians that the Governor-General would soon be leaving the country. Miss Gertrude Ross, a student, played an organ solo, after which L. T. Barclay, second vice-president of the Board read an address of welcome in which he de- scribed the assets of OLC. Secretary J. S. Barnard followed with a second address. In his reply Lord Aberdeen urged the students to cultivate a spirit of confidence and apprecia- tion towards their instructors, a spirit which he felt sure already existed in the college. Miss Ross read an address to Lady Aberdeen, praising her efforts as founder of the National Council of Women of Canada and the Victorian Order of Nurses. At the request of Dr. Hare, Lady Aberdeen described these organizations and went on to outline author John Ruskin ' s efforts to revive the May Day celebrations of olden times. She described what Ottawa girls were doing in this regard and asked Lady Marjorie Gordon to read a code of ethics written by the Ottawa May Queen. This speech on May Day celebrations led directly to the annual tradition of electing a May Queen which has been carried on at OLC since 1907. Following the presentation of bouquets and songs, the students and teachers bade farewell to Lord and Lady Aberdeen. On leaving, the Governor-General called the Ontario Ladies ' College the finest college of its kind he had seen in Canada. In November 1898 the college was saddened by the death of Miss Adams, Lady Principal since 1881. Her portrait now hangs in the study hall. At the annual board meeting of 1898, J. M. Treble, who had married Lillian Frances Massey, was elected to one of two vacant seats. The 19th century ended for the Ontario Ladies ' College with the celebration of the college ' s 25th anniversary, June 13 to 21, 1899. The Baccalaureate Sermon, an annual event at the commencement exercises, was preached in the Methodist Tabernacle by Rev. F. McAmmond of Ottawa. Tuesday of com- mencement week was Old Students ' Day, but it was a small gathering compared to the Golden Jubilee celebrations 25 years later. The first 25 years of OLC ended on a hopeful note, for there was no indication of the trials the next 25 years would bring. The official photograph taken during the visit of Lord Aberdeen, Oct. 19, 1898. Chapter Thirteen 1900 - 1913, The New Century The new century began well for the Ontario Ladies ' College with the introduction of a do- mestic science departnaent where the students learned the arts of cookery, sewing, dress- making, millinery and needlework. Although efforts were made to start the department as early as the 1890s it did not get far until it re- ceived the helpful assistance of Lillian Frances Massey Treble, who was well known at OLC. On Sept. 1, 1902 she provided the college with a dining suite, individual desks, a coal stove, and all dishes, linen and silver required for the course. Mrs. Treble sent down a teacher from her training school every Saturday for one year, and in 1903, a resident teacher was engaged. Numerous dinner parties and lunch- eons were provided by the domestic science students. The first year saw J. W. Hodson, Dominion Commissioner of Livestock offer a medal for competition among the students. In its early years the domestic science depart- ment was affiliated with the Lillian Massey Normal Training School of Household Science and Arts, in Toronto. In the early 1900s there were many activi- ties for the college students. The Young Women ' s Christian Association (YWCA) pro- vided discussions on temperance and Christian living. There were tennis tournaments with Victoria College of Toronto twice a year, and a masquerade at Hallowe ' en which continued as a tradition for more than 30 years. An outdoor hockey rink was constructed in Octo- ber 1902 and there were basketball and bowling games in the gymnasium. A total of 15 girls were enrolled in the riding class, and wood carving and pyrography were added to the fine arts program. In December 1901 the Sunbeam changed its name to Vox Collegii (Voice of the College) and continued to be published under that name on a monthly basis. Dr. Hare was able to an- nounce in 1901 that not a single student had failed the university examinations. That win- ter he was named president of the Canadian Club of Whitby, a local literary club. A special guest at the commencement exercises of 1901 was the Hon. Richard Harcourt, minis- ter of Education, who praised the college for its work. During the early 1900s the college was privileged to have Miss Florence McGillivray as an art teacher. A native of Whitby, she gained a high reputation in the field of Canadian art and had some of her paintings hung in the National Gallery in Ottawa. One of her works may be seen today in the common room of the college. The Varsity Boys Harmonic Club perform- ed at the college in January 1903 and the Catharine Gaudin Guild was formed in honor of a Canadian missionary who visited OLC the year before. Jan. 8, 1903 was a special date for OLC when the principal ' s son, Frank Hare married Miss Violet Wilson, a former student. Throughout 1902 and 1903 the Ontario Ladies ' College was quarantined on several occasions on account of measles. But despite the qua- rantines the students were able to get out in the fall for their annual apple day where they collected apples from the nearby orchards in pillowcases. In December 1903 a Sigma Gama Sigma Sorority was formed by 16 students. In July 1904 the college grounds served as the scene of the finale for the Ontario County Jubilee and Old Boys Reunion held in Whitby to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the county. On the first Saturday in July there was a pro- menade concert on the lawn, followed by fire- works, and on the following Sunday afternoon a memorial service conducted by the fraternal societies of the town. Dr. Hare presided as the societies and bands marched onto the col- lege grounds, led by the Masons and Whitby Citizens Band. The choirs from all the churches of Whitby were massed on the ter- race, and speeches were made by prominent former residents. In the summer of 1906 the Ontario Ladies ' College had the honor of being the site of the first interdenominational and international summer missionary school in Canada. The school was held for one week in July under t he auspices of the Young People ' s Missionary Movement. Numerous discussions took place on missionary work and organization. A total of 138 young people attended the conference, of which 62 were Methodists, 56 Presbyterians, 10 Congregationalists, eight Baptists and two Anglicans. AH considered that the Ontario Ladies ' College was a suitable location for such conferences and it was agreed to meet there the following year., The missionary con- ferences continued each summer at OLC for more than 60 years. Commencement Day 1906 saw the presenta- tion to the board of directors of an oil painting of Dr. Hare by a former student who was then assistant art director. It now hangs in the main hall opposite a picture of Mrs. Hare pre- sented at a later date. But an even more important event occurred that day which would have a lasting effect on the college. A large number of former students gathered to form an alumnae association to be known as the Trafalgar Daughters. Chapters were established in various communities over the years as the alumnae grew. The Trafalgar Daughters elected Lady Principal Miss Nettie Burkholder as honorary president. Miss Rowell as president, Mrs. G. A. Ross as vice- president, Mrs. Edmund Starr as correspond- ing secretary, Mrs. T. G. Whitfield as re- cording secretary, Mrs. W. J. H. Richardson as treasurer, and Mrs. O ' Sullivan, of Toronto as auditor. Mrs. O ' Sullivan was a student at the college in 1874, the year it opened. The parent chapter was located in Whitby, followed by Chapters in Toronto and other com- munities. A special dinner was held to honor the founding of the Trafalgar Daughters, with a general meeting and banquet becoming a tra- dition for the group at each commencement. Regular reports of the Trafalgar Daughters were published in Vox Collegii. OLC ' s first May Queen, Anna Harley Grobb, and attendants, 1907. An equally important tradition was estab- lished at OLC in 1907 as the May Court Club was set up. When Lord Aberdeen had visited the college in 1898 his daughter Lady Marjorie Gordon had encouraged the establishment of the English May Court Festival at OLC. She contributed an article to Vox Collegii in 1902 on the 1899 May Day at Whitlands School in England, and plans were made to start a May Court Club at OLC the following year. But all efforts failed until the spring of 1907, when a Queen-Regent, counsellors and a committee of students were elected. On May 24, the students voted to select a May Queen who represented the moral and spiritual values of the college. The girl selected was Anna Harley, later Mrs. Gordon Grobb, who kept an active interest in the college until her death only a few years ago. A special guest was called upon each May Day to read an address on " The Ideal Woman. " This was followed by the coronation and a dance around the May pole. For many years the coronation took place on the steps of the Loggia beneath a large Canadian flag. The May Day ended with a hay rack ride to Corbett ' s Point for a picnic and fireworks display. To keep the students aware of the qualities needed to be May Queen, a system of colored cards was devised to indicate studentship and deportment. Each month the students received cards marked blue for poor, white for medium, pink and white for medium to good, pink for good, red for very good, and purple for excellent. In the early years, the students voted for the May Queen directly before the coro nation instead of several days ahead. In one case where there was a tie between two girls for May Queen, it is said that Dr. Hare cast the deciding vote In 1908 the college board purchased a 100- acre farm north and south of the main building to supply milk, eggs and vegetables. In 1911 another 100 acres were purchased east of the first farm, but this land was sold to William Broughton in 1918 when the college could no longer afford the cost of upkeep. John Rice served as farm manager for the first year and was followed by George Cormack from 1909 to 1923, Ed Cormack from 1923 to 1940 and Alfred Gordon from 1940 to 1945. There were two orchards, east of the college, a garden. The first maypole dance on the college lawn, 1907. numerous chickens and a herd of 15 cattle to care for. Three barns were located northeast of the college, one of which was destroyed by fire in 1958. A staff of three operated the farm until it was shut down in 1956. Lord Strathcona, the bearded gentleman who drove the last spike for the Canadian Pacific Railway, made two contributions to OLC in the early 1900s. In 1907 he donated the Strathcona Shield for proficiency in ath- letics, and two years later provided the college with the Nelson Shield in commemoration of Lord Nelson ' s victory at Trafalgar- -a fitting gift for Trafalgar Castle. The Nelson Shield was made of copper from Nelson ' s flagship, the Victory, and was inscribed with his famous signal: " This Day England Expects Every Man to do his Duty. " At the bottom was a place for inserting the name of the winner. The Nelson Shield was awarded on the same basis as the Rhodes Scholarship. The students selected six candidates and the faculty chose the winner. The first winner in 1909 was Pearl Wigle. The Nelson Shield has long since disappeared from OLC. Its whereabouts are a mystery. In May 1910 the students of OLC were saddened by the death of Miss Teskey, a tea- cher of oratory. A memorial service was held for her in the college chapel. In April 1910, the Trafalgar Daughters held their first annual luncheon at Toronto where they established a scholarship fund. The society was growing and was now in a position to contribute to the betterment of the college. Mrs. Nellie C. Mc Clung, a Canadian author, gave readings from her books. Sowing Seeds in Danny, and The Second Chance, in the concert hall Dec. 9, 1910. A note from the Christmas Vox that year reads: " Moonlight tobogganing, though quite a forgotten dream to us, is being indulged in by several members of the faculty. " It shows that it was not easy to get away with anything under the watchful eyes of the student press. By 1911 Dr. Hare was able to report 140 students in attendance, so many in fact that he had to turn away two hopefuls in November. Student activities prospered as the first dra- matic club at the college was formed, the athletic club reported more than 100 members and the May Court Club held regular debates and lectures. By October 1911 construction of a new wing at the rear of the college had commenced, to provide a modern gymnasium, indoor swim- ming pool, hospital infirmary, and a new library. Dr. Hare had contemplated this addition as early as 1908, and even spoke of building another wing north of Ryerson Hall, if the necessary funds could be secured. In June 1912, Miss Burkholder resigned as Lady Principal and moved to Edmonton, Alberta, where she was to start the first western chapter of the Trafalgar Daughters. She was succeeded by Miss Alice Taylor, who had teaching experience at a ladies ' school in Sheffield, England. In late June 1912, the college was thrown into a momentary panic when a fire broke out late on Saturday evening in the roof of one of the back wings. About 11:30 p.m. the bell sounded the alarm, causing 75 visitors for the annual summer missionary conference to evacuate the building. The Whitby Fire Bri- gade was on hand to extinguish the flames before they did much more than damage the roof. During the school year of 1912 some students lessened their bills by acting as sec- retary to Dr. Hare, taking charge of stationery and sorting mail. The Trafalgar Daughters had $350 in the bank to aid needy students, while they also set to work to prepare an index of all former students of OLC. The organiza- tion had grown to have chapters in Whitby, Toronto, Ottawa, Hamilton and Woodstock. The May Court Club was raising funds for a hospi- tal in Chentu, China, and Mrs. Hare had started a garden at the rear of the college with special plots for various students and classes. In December 1912, R. C. Hamilton of Toronto resigned as president of the Board of Directors to become honorary president. He was succeeded by L. T. Barclay of Whitby. Dr. Hare took a tour of the British Isles in 1912, sending back a series of reports to be published in the Vox Collegii. When the new swimming tank opened in 1913, the first of many swimming and life saving exhibitions was presented under the di- rection of the swim teacher Miss Mary Beaton. An extensive program of Royal Life Saving Society tests began under Miss Beaton. In February 1913, Sir John Gibson, Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario visited OLC along with his wife and daughter, to take part in the annual conversazione. The train from Toronto was delayed for some time, but the program proceeded well once the offical party had arrived. The college staff and students had a garden party in May 1913 for the members of the Bay of Quinte Conference of the Methodist Church who met that year in Whitby. Ghosts were a common sight at the college over the years (more imagined than real). On one occasion the students were terrified by a shadow on the wall. A closer examination revealed it was only a fly crawling over a light bulb. The event was duly recorded in the Christmas issue of Vox Collegii. The early years of the Twentieth Century were good to the Ontario Ladies ' College. As 1914 dawned neither staff nor students were aware of the struggle the next five years would bring for the school and the world. Miss Nettie Burkholder R.C. Hamilton A Sunday school picnic on the day war was declared, August 3, 1914. Chapter Fourteen 1914 - 1918, The Crisis of the War Years The fateful year of 1914 began quietly enough at OLC as Dr. Hare left on a trip to Washington. Events proceeded in the usual manner throughout the spring with only a hint of disappointment when it rained on May Day, forcing the ceremonies into the gymnasium. The May Queen of 1914 was Olive HoUiday, the first Whitby girl to receive the honor. In 1973, as Mrs. Olive Denyes, she returned to witness the crowning of the May Queen for that year. In 1914 Meda Watt, the May Queen of 1912 sent the college a special pin in the shape of a crown which contained a large gold nugget from the Yukon. This pin was presented to Miss HoUiday and every succeeding May Queen, and had become known as the May Queen ' s pin. Miss HoUiday also received a medal from the Powell sisters designating her as the " Ideal Woman " of the college. Four new teachers were hired in June 1914 as the college made plans for a course in physical culture and a new commercial course. Dr. Hare announced plans for a summer camp for the students to begin in 1915, but events in Europe prevented the camp from being estab- lished. At the 1914 commencement the Trafalgar Daughters drew up a new constitution. Under this document chapters could be formed in any town or city at the request of five former stu- dents or teachers. Fees for life membership were $10 with each chapter paying an annual fee to the governing board. Chapters were now operating in Whitby, Toronto, Ottawa and Edmonton. When the students returned in September 1914 the world was at war. Miss Taylor, the lady principal, wrote a patriotic editorial for the October issue of Vox CoUegii, reporting that the students were knitting clothes and making monetary contributions to the war effort. A $60 cheque was sent to the Belgian Relief Fund, and on Nov. 6, a concert was held by the newly formed Patriotic Society of the college. The concert was filled with the national anthems of the allied countries, and the waving of flags. A Vox editorial commented that Canada was little affected by the war, but it was only the beginning then. Many friends and relatives of the students would soon be on the casualty lists from overseas. The Patriotic Society consisted of Mrs. Rice as Honorary President, Lady Principal Miss Alice Taylor as president. Miss Wall as secretary and Miss M. Sharpe as treasurer. The second bundle of goods sent to the war effort by the college students consisted of 30 scarfs, three pairs of wristlets, one pair of socks, six knitted belts, and three and a half woven belts. Income as of December 1914 was $192. 55, expenses $186. 65, with a balance of $5. 90. The best essay of the matriculation class in November 1914 was by M. E. Valentine, on the causes of the war. Teas, bake sales and donations added to the funds raised for the war effort. In December the Patriotic Club reported $50 donated by the faculty, $18. 50 by the household staff, $50 from the students and $60 raised by the Nov. 6 concert. Of this amount $70 was contributed to the Belgian Relief Fund and $70 to the Red Cross. The American students at OLC formed an American Club to assist the war effort while the Trafalgar Daughters passed a resolution urging all womens ' organizations to support the Red Cross Society. The Trafalgar Daughters also reformed the Hamilton Chapter in September 1915, and reported there were 24 graduates in Edmonton, although not all were members. OLC pennants sold in 1914 for 75 cents for 15 by 34 inches, 50 cents for 11 by 32, and 35 cents for nine by 24. OLC cushions cost $2.00 apiece. In February 1915 the college instituted special prayer meetings every evening for in- tercession in regard to the war. The girls took turns conducting these services. The Trafalgar Daughters announced the same month a contribution of $100 to provide chintz covers, drapery and pillows for the drawing room, which was now known as the Trafalgar Room. The Toro nto Chapter donated a hardwood floor. Wartime economy was already affecting the operation of the Ontario Ladies ' College by March 1915, when it was decided to hold a ban- quet instead of the annual conversazione. Al- though a tradition of 30 years ' standing had come to an end, the spring banquet was to be- come an annual event. At the first banquet, toasts were given to women in the fields of literature, scientific research, music, art, oratory, politics, social service and in the home. In May 1915 Dr. Hare announced his retire- ment after 41 years as principal. In a mes- sage for the June issue of Vox CoUegii, he said he was not bidding farewell to OLC, for he would continue to teach a couple of subjects. The students of 1915 gave Dr. Hare a chair as a retirement gift. Dr. Hare remained in Whitby, moving into the Gables, a home on Dundas Street north of the college which was the original residence of James Holden the first president of OLC. In tribute to Dr. Hare ' s work and achievements since the founding of the college the board granted him an annuity of $300. Along with Dr. Hare, W. J. Greenwood, teacher of higher classics and mathematics, handed in his resignation. Mr. Greenwood had taught at OLC for 23 years, and at the Whitby Collegiate Institute for three years before that. He and his wife retired to their home at Michell, Ont. The third resignation was that of the Lady Principal, Miss Taylor, who was succeed- ed by Annie Allison Maxwell, a native of New Brunswick with an MA degree from Cornell University. The new principal who succeeded Dr. Hare was Rev. Francis Lo Farewell, a native of Drayton, Ont. , who was an ardent prohibi- tionist. He was a graduate of Victoria Univer- sity and had been secretary of the Methodist Church of Canada for a number of years at the time of his appointment. About 1915 the music department formed the Okticlos Club, an organization which flourished for more than 20 years. An art club was also formed about the same time. On October 27, 1915, Lillian Frances Massey Treble, whose family had contributed so much to the Ontario Ladies ' College, died in Toronto. About the same time the Trafalgar Daughters had three of their members elected for the first time to the Board of Directors, giving the alumnae a voice in the operation of the college. In March 1916 the OLC dramatic club as- sisted the Red Cross Fund with a production of Oliver Goldsmith ' s She Stoops to Conquer. At the end of the. concert, the officers of the 116th and 182nd Ontario County Battalions presented a bouquet of flowers to each of the 14 players. The following month the famous Adanac Quartet of Toronto presented a concert in the college gymnasium. One member, Arthur Blight, was a vocal music teacher at OLC. Lt. Patton of the 182nd Battalion spoke to the YWCA at the college in May, after his return from the battlefields of Europe. By June of 1916 the Patriotic Fund report- ed $93. 25 raised during the past school year, with 250 pairs of socks knitted for the soldiers. The Dramatic Club presented Shakespeare ' s The Taming of the Shrew at Commencement Day. Also in 1916 a senior class pin bearing the Reynolds coat of arms was adopted. In August and September 1916 the college applied to the town council to connect to Whitby ' s new sewer system. There was a prolonged debate before the proper assess- ment for the cost was agreed upon. In November 1916 an appeal from Queen Mary, wife of King George V of Great Britain was published in Vox Collegii, asking for clothes for soldiers at the front. To assist this effort the YWCA held a bazaar each Christmas. On Feb. 2, 1917, F. Bell Smith, one of the oldest artists in Canada, famous for his paint- ings of the Rocky Mountains, delivered a lec- ture at the college. His subject was the great painters of the Renaissance. Another visitor was Professor Southwick from the Emerson School of Oratory in Boston, who provided a series of dramatic readings from Shakespeare. He was so popular with the students that he returned to OLC annuallj for several years. Although the First World War had its effect on the college ' s financial standing since late 1914, the seriousness of the situation was not generally known until May of 1917. It was then that a cry went out in the local newspaper the Gazette and Chronicle that the Ontario Ladies ' College may be forced to close. A meeting of the town and college officials was held in the Whitby library May 8 to discuss the situation and to see what could be done. It was generally agreed that unless the college ' s debt was liquidated immediately it would have to consider closing. A $50, 000 campaign was inaugurated at once to put the college back on its feet again. The Board promised $5,000 although it had only half that amount on hand, and it was anticipated another $5, 000 would have to come from the people of Whitby. Principal Farewell told the meeting the college was a definite asset to Whitby for it spent an average of $38, 900 a year for the past 10 years of which $8, 800 was paid in cash to Whitby town merchants and farmers for supplies, $2, 900 to Whitby agents or general concerns, and $8,217 as salaries to permanent residents of Whitby. Another $6, 400 was spent on salaries of persons living in Whitby nine months of the year. Mr. Farewell further estimated that the students spent $4,000 a year in Whitby. In addition, $1, 200 was paid annually in taxes and water and light rates. " Is the Ontario Ladies ' College of Value to the Town of Whitby? If so, can we afford to lose it, " cried the headline of the Gazette and Chronicle. A two-day canvass of Whitby residents was organized to raise the $5, 000. A strong appeal for funds, listing the reasons why the college must be saved, was printed in the Gazette and Chronicle along with testimonials in favor of the college by several prominent businessmen. By May 31 the campaign was nearly completed, but because of inclement weather it had failed to achieve its goal. Although little is recorded of what happened after that date, enough money was eventually secured to keep the college solvent. Thus the crisis had passed. The May Queen ceremonies were rained out again in 1917, but they were not without some new additions. The Trafalgar Daughters ' Whitby chapter presented the May Queen with a special pin in the shape of a crown with the letters " T.D. May Queen, 1 917 " inscribed. Formerly the May Queen had received only a pennant to keep as a souvenir of her election. The gold nugget pin presented in 1914 was passed on to the new May Queen at the end of each year. Seven circles under the auspices of the May Court Club, each with an average membership of 12 met on Saturday afternoons to do patriotic work. They collected a total of $380. 60 of which $274. 77 was donated to Students tending the college vegetable garden during the First World War. various charities and the rest used for ex- penses and materials. The commencement exercises of 1917 saw Trafalgar Day initiated by the Trafalgar Daughters as a special day for the alumnae. In March 1918 the college formed its first Parliamentary Club which engaged in spirited debates. The first debate was: Resolved-- That business offers greater opportunities for women than the professions. The negative won. The same month Wiley Grier, one of Canada ' s noteworthy portrait painters gave an illustrated lecture on painters and artists. Commencement day saw the introduction of a tree planting ceremony by the seniors on class day at which a prophecy for each of the gradu- ates was reado In December 1918, the Honor Club was formed, with the motto " He conquers who conquers himself. " This club lasted for 29 years, stressing self control, initiative, self development and good will. Old senior students were charter members, and six students were selected as executives, endorsed by the stu- dent body. All students over the age of 12 were eligible to join and receive certain privi- leges. The club met every two weeks as a court of honor to judge on injustices. The president of the Honor Club was the Head Girl of the College. During the influenza epidemic of 1918 the students undertook a voluntary quarantine from Thanksgiving to Christmas, thus keeping the college immune from the disease. This quarantine won recognition from the faculty of medicine at the University of Toronto. As the war drew to a close a short reli- gious service was held in the concert hall Nov. 11, 1918 under the guidance of Mr. Farewell. The college then proceeded to set up a Thanksgiving Scholarship to commemorate the war ' s end. With the war over the Ontario Ladies ' College settled down to work again and preparations began in earnest for the Golden Jubilee in June 1924. Mr. Farewell (second from left) and faculty members about 1918. Chapter Fifteen 1919 - 1924 The Golden Jubilee Reunions were the order of the day at OLC after the First World War. The first of these took place on Valentine ' s Day 1919 when 44 old girls from the war years visited their alma mater. President Southwick again visited the college and in March a number of students attended the Ontario Legislature in Toronto. The summer missionary conferences contin- ued into the 1920s with an additional five- week course in agriculture attended by 150 young lady teachers in August 1919. In the 1920s the Vox CoUegii cost 50 cents for students and Trafalgar Daughters and 75 cents for others. Sleigh rides were popular winter activities along with skating on the out- door rink and hockey in competition with other girls ' schools. The senior class of 1920 gave a set of chimes on commencement day for the use of the college. It was the largest gradu- ating class since before the war. Taylor Statten, the founder of summer camps for boys and girls in Algonquin Park visited OLC for a lecture and J. W. Bengough, the famous Canadian cartoonist of Sir John A. Macdonald ' s time, paid a visit. Mr. Bengough well remembered Whitby for he had attended school there before founding Grip Magazine in Toronto in the 1870s. L. M. Montgomery, the author of Anne of Green Gables, also visited the college in 1921, giving readings from her books. A total of 130 students, the largest number since the war, enrolled in September 1920. Dr. Hare paid a 10-day visit to the college in May 1921 to attend the annual May Court Graduation procession, C. 1920. Festival. He also attended the Toronto re- union of the Trafalgar Daughters at the King Edward Hotel where he met alumnae from 1874 to the end of the war. Dr. Hare de- livered the address on " The Ideal Woman " at the May Day Exercises. It was a special day in more ways than one, for the May Queen was Cort Reynolds, a granddaughter of Sheriff Reynolds who had built Trafalgar Castle. Dr. Hare stayed on a few days to deliver some lectures and preach at the Methodist Taber- nacle. On the day he left, the students pre- sented him with an address. It was a fitting gesture for this was to be the old principal ' s last visit to his beloved college. The Vox Collegii, which had been a monthly magazine, published only one issue in 1921, and starting in 1922 it was published only in June and December. A pleasant function was initiated by the Farewells early in 1922 by inviting the stu- dents to a reception in the Cottage each year. In March 1922 the staff and students were saddened by the death of Mrs. Hare, followed in April by the passing of Dr. Hare. Dr. Hare, aged 74, died at the Mayo Brothers Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota. For the past few years he had lived in Miami, Florida because of his wife ' s ill health. She died only a month before him when she and her husband were living with their son Frank in Rockford, 111. The funerals were held at the college in the concert hall. In his eulogy for Dr. Hare, one of the ministers referred to the epitaph of Sir Christopher Wren: " look around you for my monument, " in describing the late principal ' s work. The Trafalgar Daughters lined the main hall as the former principal ' s body was borne to the concert hall for the funeral service. The students each dropped a white carnation on the bier and followed the procession to the gates. Dr. Hare was buried in the family plot at the Oshawa Union Ceme- tery. Mr. Farewell read telegrams of sym- pathy from across Canada and the United States. The founding principal of OLC was gone, but his monument in the old Trafalgar Castle indeed lived on, in spite of the crises of only a few years before. A civics class was started in 1922 by Mr. Farewell to which every student belonged ex- cept for the elementaries. During the 1922 election, women representatives of each political party spoke at the college. The OLC students elected their own cabinet and had the actual election results telegraphed to them. Twenty -five lucky girls travelled to the Ontario Legislature to meet Premier Drury. In swimming, OLC reached a high standing by winning 74 awards in 1921 and coming third in the Dominion after the University of Toronto and YWCA. In May 1922 the college became affiliated with the Student Christian Movement (SCM) which conducted regular services and meetings on Christian education. The Victoria College Glee Club gave a concert at OLC, and Ernest Hutchison, a well-known musician visited the college in 1922. The 39th session of the Bay of Quinte Methodist Conference was held at the college Commencement Day luncheon on the front lawn in the early 1920s. tin late June, with more than 30 delegates at- tending. This was followed in a few weeks by the annual summer missionary conference. In the summer of 1922 the college board installed elaborate radio receiving apparatus in the hope of hearing European and North 1; American stations. Radio was still in its in- [ fancy at this time. Cement curbs were placed along the main driveway to prevent cars from driving onto the grass. In August the Gables, Dr. Hare ' s old home on Highway 2 was sold for $10,000 to an organizer of the YMCA National Council, with the hope of devoting it to YMCA use. I The December 1922 issue of Vox Collegii ■was dedicated to Elizabeth (Snookie) Farewell, ' the baby daughter of OLC ' s principal. The ' December 1923 issue was dedicated to Margaret Houston, a student who died during the year. It soon became a common practice to dedicate the Vox to someone of importance to the school. The Chromatic Club, a new musical orga- nization was formed in October 1923. In December, Bliss Carmen, the noted Canadian Poet, presented readings from his works for an hour and a half one evening. Following his readings the students lined up for autographs. Early in 1 924 the Ontario Ladies ' College began to make many improvements for Jubilee Year. The old linoleum on the main hall floor was replaced with polished hardwood, covered with a Persian rug. The kitchen was provided with a metal ceiling, the furniture repainted, and work begun on erecting new ornamental gateposts, a gift of the Trafalgar Daughters. For Jubilee Year the college published a stiff- cover yearbook in June instead of the usual small issue of Vox Collegii. This book with its blue and gold cover was to be the first of many yearbooks which were published annually except for a period of two years in the Second World War. The 1924 book was dedicated to the late Dr. and Mrs. Hare, and contained a history of the college by Norah Holden, a granddaughter of James Holden the first presi- dent of OLC. The yearbook contained prophe- cies and pictures for the senior students and reports on clubs and activities. The Golden Jubilee celebrations during the second week of June 1924 were unlike anything seen before at OLC. The proceedings began June 7 with the senior reception. This was followed Sunday June 8 with the Baccalaureate Sermon at the Methodist Tabernacle. The sermon read by Mr. Farewell had been written specially for the occasion by Dr. Hare on his last visit to the college in 1921. For his text he had chosen " She hath done what she could, " St. Mark, Chapter 14, Verse 8, in which occurs the story of Mary of Bethany. Dr. Hare ' s speech went on to relate how the Ontario Ladies ' College had met the challenge of female education over the past 50 years. Chancellor Bowles of Victoria College also delivered an address on the occasion. A choir made up of former students provided the music. Monday was class day where the biographies of the graduating students were read. A pre- sentation of a mantle clock for the drawing room from the class of ' 24 followed, and Norah Holden read the Valedictory address. In the evening the senior students burned the textbooks of their most disliked subjects in a great bonfire on the driveway. The same evening about 60 guests attended the directors ' banquet, with R.C. Hamilton, president of the Board presiding. Numerous toasts were drunk and excerpts from the his- tory of the college read by G. M. Goodfellow, publisher of the Gazette and Chronicle. A special issue of the paper devoted to the jubilee was handed out to the guests. Rev. E. A. Chown, who was present on the opening day in 1874 offered a toast to the present day, and R. G. Dingman toasted the next 50 years. Tuesday, June 10 was the day of the swim meet, and concert by the Toronto String Quartette. The grand finale for the day was a presentation of Louis N. Parker ' s play Pomander Walk, in the Whitby town hall by the college students. Wednesday of Jubilee Week was Alma Mater Day, devoted to the various demonstra- tions usually reserved for May Day. In the gymnasium the Trafalgar Daughters presented the new Persian rugs for the main hall, and the new books for the college library. The Whitby Chapter presented a portrait of Miss Adams the former lady principal, and paintings were offered by Miss Valentine, the May Queen of 1916, and the students of Hamilton. Mr. Farewell proceeded to unveil a bronze plaque in the main hall, dedicated to the founders of the Ontario Ladies ' College. James Holden, Jr. , son of the first president, unveiled a portrait of his father, while Miss Burkholder, who had returned for the jubilee, unveiled a portrait of Mrs. Hare from the Ottawa chapter of the Trafalgar Daughters to hang opposite the painting of Dr. Hare in the main hall, presented in 1906. The Ottawa Chapter also presented a scholarship in honor of Dr. Hare. Following the presentation the guests pro- ceeded to the front lawn for the unveiling of the new gates, a gift of the Trafalgar Daugh- ters. Mrs. Riches of Toronto withdrew the Union Jack covering a plaque bearing the words " 1874 - Golden Jubilee - 1924, presented by the Trafalgar Daughters in loving memory of Rev. J. J. Hare, M.A., PhD. for forty -one years Principal of this college, and Mrs. Hare. " The gates, which formed the battlements of a castle, stood for about 40 years before being demolished. Photographs of former students from 1874 to 1924, grouped by decades were taken on the front lawn. Among those present were 13 stu- dents from the opening year of 1874-75. Following a field meet on the front lawn, a grand banquet was held in the dining room where 600 former students gathered to cele- brate the jubilee. Mr. Hamilton and Mr. Farewell served as toastmasters for an even- ing filled with speeches and presentations » At the end of the dinner all joined in singing " Auld Lang Syne. " Thursday, June 12 was commencement Day, the final event of the Jubilee celebra- tions. Harry Cockshutt, Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario, and his wife, were present for the occasion and partook of a luncheon on the lawn. In the afternoon the 31 graduates paraded into the concert hall and took their places on the platform. Miss Miriam Eckert presented an address to the Lieutenant-Governor after which Mr. Cockshutt presented the diplomas. The Lieutenant-Governor congratulated OLC on its 50 years, wishing the college continued prosperity. The Jubilee was crowned with good weather throughout the week, and declared a great success by all who took part. In honor of the occasion, Mr. Farewell designed a new school ring with the Reynolds crest and two torches, with the inscription, " Ontario Ladies ' College; Wisdom, Loyalty, Service, Strength. " Two further special visits rounded out the Jubilee year. On Sept. 12, Whitby gave a gala dinner at the college to its native son Sir Hamar Greenwood. Sir Hamar Greenwood had recently completed a three-year term as the last Chief Secretary of Ireland and mem- ber of the British Cabinet. He had been born in Whitby in 1870, and at the age of 25 sailed to England to seek his fortune. This was Sir Hamar ' s fourth visit to his home town, where he was greeted with all the official pomp Whitby could muster. On Nov. 26, the Ontario Ladies ' College was honored with its third Vice-Regal visit since its opening in 1874. Lord Byng of Vimy, Governor-General of Canada, paid a brief visit, while on his way through Whitby. Beatrice Carruthers, president of the senior class, read an address of welcome to Lord and Lady Byng, referring to the Governor- General ' s connections with Canada and France, assuring him that the ideals for which his soldiers died in France were those which OLC desired to uphold as the standards of her stu- dents. She referred particularly to the gold medal awarded to the college graduates each year by the Governor-General, a tradition established at the opening in 1874 by Lord Dufferin. The visit ended with the declara- tion of a school holiday by Lord Byng. Guests at the funeral of Hama Kobayashi, December 22, 1925. Chapter Sixteen 1925 - 1929 The Death of Mr. Farewell During the 1920s a new set of college tra- ditions emerged at OLC. The school was divided into Senior, Sophomore, Junior and Elementary classes. A medium class was added in 1928. Each class had its own song each year, and presented a stunt or short play during the winter season. The senior dinner, first held in 1915, continued each year, with the juniors serving the meal to the senior class. Rather than being a girls ' finishing school as it had been up to the First World War, the Ontario Ladies ' College now took on the cur- riculum of a private secondary school. The Commencement exercises featured an alumnae day for presentation of gifts by the Trafalgar Daughters. In 1925 the Ryerson Chapter presented books for the library, and several former students gave a clock for the sitting room. The tradition of cutting the daisy chain on class day was reinstated in 1925. The Junior class president read the graduates ' biographies while the vice-president cut the daisy chain, allowing each graduate to mount the steps to the platform. The graduating class of 1925 presented a fire screen and tongs for the Common Room, but its most lasting contribution was the college song, " Dear Old Trafalgar, " which is still sung nearly 50 years later. It was first sung by the 125 students of the college on Commencement Day 1925, and printed in the yearbook. The commencement day also coincided with the formation of the United Church of Canada. Baccalaureate Sunday happened to be the same day as the inaugural communion of the United Church at the Methodist Taber- nacle, making the day doubly momentous for those who attended. The sermon on that oc- casion was preached by Dr. Trevor Davies, of Timothy Eaton Memorial Church in Toronto. Another tradition which prevailed through- out the 1920s was the seniors ' annual service at St. John ' s Anglican Church, Port Whitby, the week before Baccalaureate Sunday. This was an old custom dating back many years. Dances were held at the Ontario Ladies ' College for the first time in the 1920s. Up to that time only promenading at the conversats was allowed, for dancing was not considered proper for young ladies. In sports there were basketball, hockey, indoor baseball, and other games played with the Whitby, Bowmanville and Oshawa High School teams and Bishop Bethune College, a girls ' private school in Oshawa. An athletic association held dances to raise money for these activities. The SCM had various speakers come to the college, and donated money to numerous relief projects. There were also the house- hold science club, and a dramatic club which presented popular plays. The Okticlos club under musical director G. D. Atkinson, brought well-known musicians to OLC and attended concerts at Massey Hall in Toronto. The Chromatic Club continued in operation, providing a school orchestra. A choral club and a school choir added still more to the musical life of the college. The 1924-25 yearbook was dedicated to Mr. and Mrs. R. C. Hamilton in honor of their 60th wedding anniversary. The yearbook of 1925-26 was dedicated to Hama Kobayashi, a Japanese student who died early in Decem- ber, 1925. Since she was very much liked by the students, it was especially sad for them to open the December issue of Vox CoUegii to find a translation of a Japanese fairy tale she had written shortly before her death. The SCM went ahead with a Christmas party she had wanted to give the students. Miss Maxwell read a Japanese fairy tale which Miss Kobayashi had intended to read herself. The study hall in the old drawing room of the main building was furnished by her father and dedicated to her memory with a plaque on the door. Riding, with horses supplied by the Taylor Statten camps was reinstated in the 1920s. In 1925 the horses ' names were Pete, King, Tony and Lord Gray. In the 1925-26 yearbook the editor sug- gested the name of OLC should be changed because it sounded too mid -Victorian. De- spite the statement that the change of name " has been the desire of every student body for some years past, " nothing developed from the suggestion. In 1925 Florence McGillivray, former art teacher at OLC became an associate of the Royal Canadian Academy. She was also a member of the Ontario Society of Artists, and had exhibited at the Wembly Exhibition at London, England in 1923-24. In 1926 she was made honorary president of the Trafalgar Daughters ' Ottawa Chapter. Again an attempt was made to start a Hamilton chapter after previous ones had failed to take hold for long. In June 1926, John Hislop, the college ' s night watchman retired. An old friend of the students he came to OLC in 1890 and worked on the farm till he became watchman in 1921. His duties included waking up students who wanted to study early in the morning. Throughout the 1920s an Old Girls ' week- end was held every two years. Many visitors turned up in February for the 1926 reunion. On alumnae day 1926 the Ryerson Chapter of the Trafalgar Daughters presented five new bookcases to the college library, v hile the senior class presented a drinking fountain for the main hall. Field trips became a common practice in the 1920s, with the Household Science class visiting Tod ' s Bakery in Oshawa in 1926, and the City Dairy, Neilson ' s Chocolate factory and Eaton ' s department store in Toronto in 1927. There were also visits to Parkwood, the home of Colonel and Mrs. R. S. McLaughlin in Oshawa. Mrs. McLaughlin took a special in- terest in OLC and visited the college on seve- ral occasions. The year 1927 saw visits by naturalist Stewart Thompson who took the students on a cross-country hike, and Miss E. M. B. Warren, who delivered a speech on London, England, accompanied by her own hand painted lantern slides. The students were interested to learn that Mrs. F. J. Gallanough (Effie Wilson) a graduate of OLC had attended the Imperial Conference at the Sorbonne in Paris, France, as a representative of the Canadian Branch of the League of Empire, in July 1926. She assisted Mrs. W. E. Groves of the Toron- to Board of Education in laying a wreath on the tomb of the unknown soldier at the Arc de Triomphe. May Day of 1927 was beset by rain, caus- ing the ceremonies to be held in the gym. Interior decoration was added to the art course in 1927. The SCM held annual bazaars and the Okticlos Club adopted a pin in the shape of a gold harp. The athletic club held Florence McGillivray an annual tea dance with an orchestra from Toronto and held an impromptu circus in the gym when life became too quiet. An annual fall reception for the new girls was also the club ' s responsibility. Athletic events in- cluded a sports day, hockey, swim meets, cross-country hikes, and hare and hounds chases with the hares invariably hiding in the haystack in the barn. The Honor Club super- vised the annual initiation of first year stu- dents in the gym. On class day 1927 the graduating class presented the college with two tall flower standards. The alumnae dedicated a marble bird bath in memory of Margaret Houston. The year 1928 opened in sorrow at the Ontario Ladies ' College. On Jan. 26, Rev. Francis Farewell, principal since 1915 died suddenly after a brief illness. Only a few days before his death he had headed a deputa- tion of Whitby men which asked the Ontario Liquor Control Board not to establish a liquor store in town. The same day he attended a meeting of the college ' s board of governors. Mr. Farewell was president of the Board of Trade in Whitby at the time of his death. In a tribute. Board Chairman Professor C. B. Sissons called Mr. Farewell " always the Christian gentleman, " considerate to all, patient almost to a fault, a man who had habitually thought of others before the self. On Jan. 30, 1928, Rev. Chancellor R. P. Bowles of Victoria College, Toronto, conduc- ted the funeral service in the college chapel, with eulogies by Rev. F. C. Stevenson and Rev. Hiram Hall. The service included the singing of the college hymn. Dear Lord and Father of Mankind, and the reading of Psalm 90:2. The Composite Lodge, of which Mr. Farewell was a member paid tribute as the Outdoor art classes m the 1920s helped the students appreciate nature. casket was borne from the chapel between two rows of students and staff lining the main hall. Mr. Farewell was buried at the Oshawa Union Cemetery. The students, who looked upon Mr. Farewell more as a father than a principal, had given him the affectionate nickname of " Daddy. " His loss was to affect life at OLC for the balance of the school year. In April, Dr. C. F. McGillivray, the new chairman of the board of directors an- nounced the unanimous appointment of Rev. Dr. C. R. Carscallen as the new principal of OLC. Dr. Carscallen was born at Dresden, Ont. , and educated at Chatham Collegiate Institute and Victoria College. He graduated from the University of Toronto in 1901 with first class honors in philosophy. After preach- ing for a time in Alberta, he went to Szehwan province in West China as a missionary in 1904. Here he served as principal of the local secondary school and later as dean of the Faculty of Theology at West China Union Uni- versity. At the time when civil disturbances required the evacuation of the missionaries he was vice-president of the universityo During furloughs he studied at Union Theological Seminary, received his Masters Degree at the University of Toronto, and Doctor of Divinity at Victoria College,, His wife served as libra- rian at the West China Union University. When he arrived at OLC Dr. Carscallen enrolled his two youngest daughters in the school, one as a sophomore and the other as an elementary. In his first message in the yearbook of 1928 he thanked the students for their loyalty and restraint during a difficult time. During 1928 the Flonzaley Quartette and the Sherbourne Street United Church Choir of Toronto appeared at the college, along with Julian Arnold, a lecturer on life with the Arabs o The Okticlos Club presented floor lamps to the college ' s music studio and the Castle Chapter of the Trafalgar Daughters offered a prize for the junior tennis tourna- ment. Commencement Day saw an enrolment of 151 students, the highest in several years. The MEL diplomas were now called Collegiate, as the Victorian term was long out of date. The senior class presented a piano bench for the common room, noting that Mr. Farewell had been very proud of that particular room. A special committee was formed in the spring to prepare a permanent memorial to the late principal. When OLC opened for the 1928-29 season there were 43 seniors, the largest graduating class ever. The entire enrolment was 137, with a teaching staff of 23. The 1929 yearbook was dedicated to R. Co Hamilton, honorary president of OLC who died in January that year at the age of 85. Known as " the dear old man, " to the students, he had two daughters and two granddaughters attend OLC. He had been associated with the college since joining the board of directors in 1888. He served 18 years as president. A lifesaving corps was formed for the first time in 1929. Twelve tests had to be passed to enter this corps. The Honor Club adopted a pin in 1929 in the form of a sv ord to symbolize the prevention of wrong doing. The SCM intro- duced study groups for more advanced stu- dents, and CGIT groups for the younger mem- bers. SCM projects included maintaining a hospital cot in China, and donations to the Salvation Army, Star Santa Claus Fund, British Foreign Bible Society and the National Student Christian Movement. At Christmas the members visited the Whitby House of Refuge to bring cheer to the residents. The Dramatic Club added a public speaking and voice club to its activities in 1929. Wilson MacDonald, the famous Canadian poet visited OLC in Decem- ber 1929 to give readings from his works. The students eagerly purchased copies of his book. Out in the Wilderness, to be autographed. The Trafalgar Daughters had a busy year in 1929. The Ryerson Chapter offered an exten- sion to the Diamond Jubilee library in honor of the late Principal Farewell and give a recep- tion at Sherbourne House in Toronto for Dr. and Mrs. Carscallen. The Hamilton Chapter start- ed a memorial fund for Mr. Farewell and pre- sented a set of platform chairs on alumnae day. The Castle Chapter assisted in the purchase of a phonograph for the college. The Trafalgar Chapter set aside money to add works of Cana- dian authors to the library. The town council of Whitby offered the college a fixed assessment of $6, 000 for a five-year period, starting in 1929 when the Court of Revision stated the college property should not be considered as farm lands. Taxes on the college amounted to about $400 annually. This arrangement was agreed upon because the council considered the college an asset to the town and wanted to assist it wherever possible. On Alumnae day, 1929 the Hamilton Chap- ter of the Trafalgar Daughters presented three chapel chairs as a memorial to Mr. Farewell. Forty-four students made up the largest graduating class since 1875. At the commencement exercises Rev. G. W. Sparling, vice-president of West China Union University, a former associate of Dr. Carscallen, assisted in the ceremonies. The presidents and secretaries of five conferences of the United Church of Canada attended a conference at OLC in late August, 1929. Among the special guests was Dr. Robert Laws, who answered a call to the mission field by the legendary Dr. David Livingstone of Africa in 1875. Missionaries from across the world were among the 150 in attendance. At the 55th annual meeting of the college board in November 1929, Dr. McGillivray reported the largest surplus in the history of OLC. A special committee recommended an additional storey be built over the gymnasium, and a commercial room, but the Great Depres- sion put an end to these plans. In December 1929 the great window at the head of the stairs was partially damaged in a violent stormo Meanwhile a financial storm had erupted over the world following the stock market crash, which would bring hard times again to OLC. Chapter Seventeen 1930 - 1939 The Depression Years Life went on much as usual during the first year of the Great Depression as the customary events at OLC were celebrated and speakers came and went. It was not until later that the effects of the Crash would be felt in various ways. However, this did not mean there were no moments of excitement. One such moment occurred in March, 1930 when a thief broke into the college while the students and staff were at dinner. He looted eight rooms of money and valuables after gaining entry by a ladder placed against the fire escape. A janitor saw the man, but thinking he was a worker making repairs, paid no attention to himo Another incident of a memorable nature was the time the plaster fell from the ceiling of one of the rooms during a commercial class. Fortunately no one was injured. Everyday events included annual oratorical contests, physical education demonstrations and plays by the dramatic club. More than 100 students and staff attended the evening service at Sherbourne Street United Church in Toronto through the invitation of Mr. Atkinson, in May 1930. Visitors to the college included Professor Button, who gave an address on Alice ' s Adventures in Wonderland and the works of Lewis Carroll. The Hart House String Quartette was a regular visitor, and Miss Warren again spoke on London, England. Dr. Charles Gordon, (Ralph Connor) paid a special visit in 1930. Since the students were writing examinations at the time of Dr. Gordon ' s visit to the Whitby United Church, he made a special trip to the college on their behalf. Dr. Gordon was a well-known United Church minister and author of Glengary School Days and other books about pioneer Canada. In 1930 the Freshmen published a mimeo- graphed paper called the Freshette which sold for five cents. Seventeen members of the Okticlos Club attended a concert by violinist Fritz Kreisler in Toronto, while musicians Scott Malcolm and Reginald Godden presented a program of piano duos at the college. The art students studied the work of the Canadian Indian for the first time. On alumnae day 1930 the Trafalgar Daugh- ters presented a portrait of the late R. C. Hamilton to the Board of Directors. The por- trait, by J. W. L. Forster, now hangs over the fireplace in the board room. The students of 1927-28 and the board of directors present- ed a portrait of the late Mr. Farewell, also by Forster, which hangs on the south wall of the board room. Margaret Woods, president of the 1930 graduating class unveiled the portrait on Commencement Day. The 1930 yearbook was dedicated to Miss M. L. Copeland, acting registrar, who re- tired after many years at OLC. On class day the students presented her with a silver set of toilet articles. Ryerson Chapter of the Trafalgar Daugh- ters started a fund in 1930 to add to the Golden Jubilee Library in Diamond Jubilee Year, 1934. At the same time the Nettie Burkholder Chapter was inaugurated in Ed- monton with a membership of more than 30. At the 56th annual meeting of the Board of Directors in November 1930, the college was in good financial shape, but by June 1931, a few problems were developing. An editorial in the yearbook reported the Athletic Associa- tion was selling blazers, sweaters and toques, but finding " the cost completely overshadows the receipts. " The last Christmas number of Vox CoUegii was published in December 1931. Called a Reminiscence Number, it featured early pictures of the college and historical sketches. It was a fitting tribute to this little magazine which was now to be reduced to one issue a year--the June yearbook. Financial difficulties caused the yearbook to change from hard to soft cover in 1932, with a reduction in the number of pages. Japanese students in 1931 added an inter- national flavor to OLC. Hama Fukuda, one of these students, provided the seniors with a Japanese dinner, and the SCM held a Japanese party. Rev. E. W. Wallace, Chancellor of Vic- toria University addressed the senior dinner of 1931. Several pupils of 1875 and one of 1874 attended the annual alumnae luncheon. The 1931 yearbook was dedicated to Dr. Charles McGillivray for his long service on the board of directors. He served as presi- dent from 1928 to 1930. The board reported a reduced attendance in 1931, but the debt on the college was still being reduced at a goodly rate. It was to be completely removed by the end of the Second World War. An annual Christmas Pageant began in 1931, which continued as a special event throughout the 1930s and 1940s. A special feature of the pageant was the old English tra- dition of a Boar ' s Head Procession. The year 1932 was highlighted by the visit of Sir Wilfred Grenfell whose Labrador Mis- sions were well-known throughout Canada, an Old Girls ' Weekend March 11 to 13, and the speech on the ideal girl on May Day given by Mrs. R. S. McLaughlin. Taylor Statten, founder of Camp Ahmek in Algonquin Park, returned to OLC in 1933 to give the May Day address. Mrs. Statten performed the corona- tion ceremony. In 1933 Traffy, a collie pup owned by Dr. Carscallen, was adopted as the college mas- cot. His favorite hobby, according to the yearbook, was chasing cars. He was very fond of the students and always welcomed them on their return from their morning walk. A new radio was installed in the common room in 1933 and a party of nations given by the SCM. Group of Seven artist Arthur Lismer delivered a lecture to the students during the 1933 school year. This was accompanied by an exhibition of paintings loaned to the college by Lismer and other group members, A. Y. Jackson and Lawren Harris. For the senior dinner of 1933 each student received a silver coffee spoon engraved with the letters OLC. The spoons were an annual tradition for several years. From time to time community groups from Whitby used the college facilities for special events. On May 2, 1933 the Whitby Rotary Club held its charter night in the college. The club is still active today, 41 years later. During the war it came to the aid of the college in sponsoring students from England. Rev. Cross ley Hunter of Carlton St. United Church in Toronto gave an inspiring Baccalaureate sermon at the Whitby United Church in 1933. It was all the more dramatic when a thunderstorm outside caused a power failure in the middle of his speech. The seniors of 1933 established a new tra- dition of an outdoor breakfast on class day at the creek behind the college. They rose at 7:30 a.m. and laid 6ut tablecloths over the dewey grass. For many years it was an annual event. In addition, the class of ' 33 gave a large coffee pot to the seniors of 1934. The classes of 1933 were very small, owing to the Depression. There were only two freshmen, five mediums, five sophomores and nine ele- mentaries. The remainder of the enrolment was juniors and seniors. In June 1934 OLC celebrated its Diamond Jubilee with a visit and address by Dr. Herbert A. Bruce, Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario, June 12 was reminiscence day, de- voted to the presentation of gifts by the alum- nae. Castle chapter presented tea services and trays; Montreal Chapter, a lamp and chairs for the common room; Ryerson Chap- ter, books and stage curtains; Trafalgar Chapter, a library desk and oil painting; Ottawa Chapter, a $50 scholarship; and Col- lege Chapter, a large substantial cheque. Individual gifts included a Japanese picture and stationery by Taka Price, and a pair of Satsuma ware vases by Hama Fukuda. The directors and alumnae, numbering more than 300, sat down to a special jubilee banquet punctuated with toasts and speeches. A new Trafalgar Daughters Chapter from the Niagara region was formed on this occasion. The 1934 graduating class presented the college with a pair of silver candlesticks for the mantlepiece of the common room. R iding was a popular school activity in the 1930s, Miss A. A. Maxwell In 1935 hockey was reinstated at OLC after a lapse of several years. Basketball, badmin- ton, swimming, and tennis remained popular as ever, while soccer and archery were intro- duced as new sports. In the first soccer game. Western University defeated OLC by three to nothing. It did not appear to be a very good start for the game as far as OLC was concerned. The Ontario Ladies ' College lost one of its favorite competitors in 1932 when Bishop Bethune College in Oshawa was forced to close--a victim of the depression. The athletic association entertained the boys of Pickering College, Newmarket with a tea dance, while the senior class presented a cup for tennis doubles in 1935. John Goss, the distinguished English bari- tone gave a lecture -recital on the development of the folk song, the Victoria College Glee Club visited the college, and the students travelled to Toronto to see the D ' Oyly Carte Opera Company perform Gilbert and Sullivan ' s Mikado. The Honor Club revised its constitu- tion in that year to keep up with changing times. Contrary to custom the May Queen of 1935 was elected several days before her corona- tion instead of only hours before. Miss Jessie MacPherson, Dean of Victoria College, gave the address on the Ideal Woman. Taking movies of the May Queen ceremonies was now a popular pastime for the visitors and Dr. Carscallen. Attendance picked up in 1935, with the largest elementary class ever, and one of the largest commercial classes. The 1936 yearbook was dedicated to Miss Maxwell in honor of her 21 years as lady principal and dean of OLC. The dedication passage referred to her as " a teacher of the first magnitude, a leader, friend and com- panion to the students. " On alumnae day she was presented with a cake bearing 21 candles, as the students sang " Happy Birthday to You. " Miss Copeland presented Miss Maxwell with a needlework purse. Telegrams of congratu- lations arrived from across the country. Ryerson chapter presented Dr. Carscallen with a diploma three feet long outlined with 50 one-dollar bills. The money was for a movie projector for the May Queen films. Trafalgar Chapter presented the College with new curtains for the main hall bedrooms, and Castle Chapter gave a new set of silverware. In 1936 the art department was given a library of 100 books and 900 reproductions of paintings, sculpture and architecture valued at $2, 000, by the Carnegie Institute. The commercial class visited the Toronto Star building to see how a newspaper operates, and a riding meet was held for the first time in many years, presenting drills to the music of the Whitby Citizens Band. The 1937 yearbook featured a special edi- torial on the history of the OLC May Queens. Over the years many gifts have been presented in honor of this brightest of OLC traditions. A basket of apple blossoms and lily of the valley was sent to Miss Maxwell by Marion Norton, May Queen of 1925. The senior class of 1929 gave a new white satin train first worn by May Queen Janet Moffatt. Two purple satin cushions with gold tassels were added by the seniors of 1931, one for the May Queen to kneel on and the others for the crown. In memory of the coronation of King George VI the seniors of 1937 gave two gold pins to hold the train on the May Queen ' s shoulders. May Day also had its incidents of beauty and humor. Just after the queen of 1934 was crowned, a white butterfly settled on the crown and poised there for a moment- -a sign of good luck. In 1937 as the queen descended from her throne, a black kitten paused at her feet and crossed her path--a sign of bad luck? Events of 1937 included an exchange of art with Upper Canada College in Toronto, pur- chase of a sixth horse for the riding classes, the annual seniors ' breakfast at the creek, the Christmas pageant, and Halloween masquer- ade. Due to the small number of students in each class, the sophomores, freshmen and elementaries joined under the name of lower school in 1937 and retained that name thr ' ough- out the war years. In 1938 six of the Carnegie prints were framed to hang in the dining hall, and lacrosse was introduced to the already long list of college sports. The year 1939 was noted for the visit of King George and Queen Elizabeth to Canada. The students of OLC travelled to Toronto to see the king and queen and dedicated their yearbook to the memory of the royal visit. They also paid their annual visit to Parkwood to see R. S. McLaughlin ' s crysanthemums, and the college choir again sang at Sherbourne Street United Church. Miss Betty Jacques, an art teacher at OLC had a watercolor ac- cepted by the hanging committee of the Canadian Society of Painters in Watercolor. The third team of archers from the college since 1937 entered the Canadian Telegraphic Archery Tournament, while skiing at the Oshawa Ski Club, figure skating, badminton, swimming, tennis and riding continued to be popular sports. The 1939 yearbook account of the senior dance ended with the words: " Too soon the hour of departure came and we bade our part- ners good-night. Of course we were careful not to pursue them too far toward the door. " Class day of 1939 was a special occasion as 40 trees, the gift of the juniors of 1938, were planted in the northwest orchard. Dr. Carscallen took movies of the event. The day ended with a customary bonfire into which the students threw their pet dislikes, each accom- panied by a poem. An interesting addition to the program was an excerpt from Shakespeare ' Much Ado About Nothing presented under floodlight. The commencement speaker of 1939 was Professor E. J. Pratt, the noted Canadian poet. When the students returned in September the world was again at war. Once again the college would play its part in the supreme effort as it had done in 1914. Students and visitors at the senior dinner, C. 1932. An aerial photo of the college showing the orchard and farm buildings, 1941 Chapter Eighteen 1940 - 1949 The War Years and After The 1940 yearbook contained a message of sadness and hope for the graduating class from Dr. Carscallen. " The School year ends in an atmosphere of sadness because of the war and the reverses which our armies and those of our allies have suffered, " he said. " The graduates who go out into the world of 1940, and all of us, at this time supremely need courage and forti- tude, faith and hope. We need to have faith in God to take the long view, to remember that this is a moral universe in which we live, and that however triumphant the forces of wrong may appear for the moment to be, the end right will prevail, and God ' s will will be done. The important question therefore for us to ask ourselves is, not so much whether God is on our side, but rather whether we are on God ' s side. If we are, nothing can defeat us, and nothing daunt us. The Psalmist has well indicated to us the source of courage and hope: ' Wait on the Lord; be of good courage, and He shall strengthen thine heart; wait I say on the Lord, ' PS XXVll: 14 " The world was at war, but there was still something for the students to strive for through those dark times. The yearbook also bore a special tribute to the late Lord Tweedsmuir, Governor-General of Canada. For the third time in the school ' s history it rained on May Day, forcing the ceremonies into the gym. A special feature of this day was a message to the Empire delivered by the King over the radio, which the students gathered to hear. In the fall of 1940, eight students from St. Hilda ' s College at Whitby, Yorkshire, Eng- land, took up residence in RyersonHall. Re- fugees from the war, these and other St. Hilda ' s students were to remain at OLC in varying niambers for the next four years. The first 25 girls from St. Hilda ' s arrived at the college in July, along with three staff members from the English school. Some of these girls stayed at OLC while others were sent to other communities to continue their education which had been interrupted by the danger of invasion of their homeland. Miss Maxwell played a prominent part in the accepting of these students and making them feel at home in strange surroundings. One of the most immediate problems was to find the funds required to keep the English students at the college. It cost $400 to pro- vide food for the first 25 girls who spent the month of August at OLC. The college asked for public subscriptions, and immediately re- ceived assistance from the Whitby War Effort Committee and the Rotary Club. By the fall of 1941 there were 15 girls from St. Hilda ' s at the college sponsored by the College, War Effort Committee, Rotary Club, faculty and staff, and individual citizens. The college provided clothing and travelling expenses, along with some private assistance. The local Whitby movie theatre gave the Eng- lish guests free admission throughout their stay, and local doctors and dentists provided their services free of charge. At Christmas the students were invited to stay at the homes of Whitby residents and received gifts from the community. In her history of the college, printed in 1949, Miss Maxwell described the Christmas festival of 1940 as being one of the most emo- tional moments in the story of OLC, when the English girls, dressed like carol singers from the pages of Dickens, entered the main hall carrying lanterns and singing an old traditional Christmas song. The 1941 yearbook contained a tribute to Winston Churchill for his leadership of Britain during that fateful year. The 1942 yearbook was dedicated to David Dick Slater, a music teacher at the coMege who had died during the year. On class day the seniors presented a cheque to replace seats in the chemistry labo- ratory, while the Niagara Chapter had given a new rug to the college the year before. Ten English girls were enrolled at OLC in 1942. The students had to pitch in that year to assist in the domestic work of the college because of the shortage of help. The SCM assisted the Red Cross Fund while other con- tributions were made to the Hospital for Sick Children in London, England, the Greek Relief Fund and China. Wartime economy meant there would be no yearbooks for 1943 and 1944. (Because of the lack of these books and the destruction of the local newspapers in a recent fire it is difficult to record this period of the college ' s history. ) In September 1944 Miss Maxwell retired after serving 29 years as dean. She was suc- ceeded by Miss Muriel Sissons. In January Miss Sissons was elected secretary of the Head Mistresses Association of Canada. The yearbook returned in a much smaller version in 1945, with a dedication to Miss Maxwell. Students now attended the college from such far-off places as Jamaica, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, Mexico, Columbia and Guatemala. Many of these stu- dents were guests at an International Night at the Whitby Rotary Club in 1946. The father of one of the girls arranged for his daughter to present a Dominican Republic Flag to the club on the occasion. In December 1945 the students held the first Holly Hop, a Christmas dance that would continue into the 1950s as an annual event. The honor club held a Christmas party for the ele- mentaries, while on Sunday nights the senior class held discussions over coffee and bread in number four Main. A photography club was started at this time to help contribute to the yearbook. The chief post-war project was a contribution to the War Amputees Recreation- al Fund. Parcels were also sent to the former English students now safely back in their home- land. For the first time since 1939 the students appeared in formal dress for the 1946 com- mencement. Guest speaker B. K. Sandwell observed that schools such as OLC had now changed from finishing schools to institutions where students are prepared for citizenship and its duties. Miss Maxwell read the address at the crowning of the 1946 May Queen before the largest crowd since the pre-war years. In September 1946 the college had an en- rolment of 150, and a large number of new teachers. For the 1947 yearbook Miss Maxwell wrote a tribute to Traffy, Dr. Carscallen ' s little dog, who had been the school mascot for 14 years. He had died of old age at Easter. The Honor Club took the name of Student Council in 1947, as it modernized to become a student government. The club no longer ser- ved the same function as it did at its founding in 1918. The new school newspaper, edited by Jane Deller, was called Castle Capers. The Okticlos Club refurnished its room in 1947 in memory of the late Mrs. G. D. Atkinson, wife of the club ' s founder and musical director of OLC. The SCM maintained a three-year-old child from Newfoundland at the Sick Children ' s Hospital in Toronto. The most significant development at OLC in 1947 was the establishment of a house sys- tem under which the students were divided into groups to compete for points in deport- ment, neatness of uniforms, and athletics. The house with the most points at the end of the school year received a shield from the ath- letic association. The first three houses formed were Maxwell, Farewell and Hare, named after the prominent personalities of the college ' s early days. Each house had a cap- tain and sub -captains. Maxwell House was the winner of the trophy the first year. Miss Muriel Sissons The alumnae bulletin resumed in 1947 after a lapse during the war years. The Ryerson Chapter presented a radio to the infirmary, while on alumnae day in June, Dr. Carscallen unveiled another gift, a portrait of Miss Maxwello The college received a legacy of $10, 000 from the estate of Arthur Allin, a Whitby druggist who died in 1945, and another $10,000 from the estate of Mrs. F. L. Barber. Mrs. W. J. Greenwood gave $10,000 to establish a bursary in memory of her late husband who retired as a teacher at OLC in 1915. One hundred new chairs were purchased for the assembly hall at the end of the war, and in 1946 the road to the college was widened by five feet. The rows of maple trees on each side of the road, planted about 1880 were cut down, a new sidewalk laid and elms planted. The college also announced its intention to convert from coal to oil heating. Delegates from 41 lands attended the 1947 missionary conference at the college in July. Mrs. Carscallen gave a special report on the conference at the United Church in September. The conference was the fourth international gathering at OLC, the others being in 1910, 1927 and 1937. In October 1947 Professor E. J. Pratt re- turned to the college for the first time since he gave the commencement address of 1939. House sashes were introduced in 1948. Cap- tains wore white; Maxwell House, powder blue; Hare, wine; and Farewell, yellow. Maxwell House won the shield for the second year in a row. On January 1, 1948, Miss Burkholder cele- brated her 85th birthday in Edmonton. She had served as lady principal of OLC for 15 years, ending in 1912, and founded the Edmonton Chapter of the Trafalgar Daughters. In 1947 Dr. Carscallen announced his in- tention to retire in June 1948 after 20 years as principal of OLC. A testimonial dinner was held for him in April, attended by 150 guests. Dr. C. B. Sissions, past president of the Board paid tribute to the retiring principal, with President T. G. Rogers acting as chair- man. Dr. Carscallen received a $1,000 cheque in recognition of his work, especially the removal of a $20, 000 mortgage which ex- isted on the college when he arrived. When he retired, the college enjoyed a substantial sur- pluso Miss Rita Tew, president of the alum- nae council presented Mrs. Carscallen with 20 red roses, one for each of her years at OLC. As a special tribute the students dedi- cated the 1948 yearbook to Dr. and Mrs. Carscallen. In July 1948 the new principal. Dr. Stanley Osborne and his wife arrived at OLC. A native of Clarke Township in Durham County, Dr. Osborne was a graduate of Vic- toria College and assistant at the Eaton Memorial Church in Toronto. He received a Bachelor of Divinity degree in 1932 from Emmanuel College, and a Doctor of Music degree from the University of Toronto in 1935. For seven years prior to his appointment as principal of OLC he was stationed at Port Credit. One of Dr. Osborne ' s first duties was an address on education to the Whitby Rotary Club in August. He stressed the importance of environment or atmosphere in college life. In September 1948, Dr. Osborne was in- ducted as principal in a ceremony at the Whitby United Church. Speaker for the occasion was Dr. Willard Brewing of Toronto, while the actual induction was performed by Dr. Harold Young, secretary of the Board of Colleges and Secondary Schools of the United Church of Canada. The 1949 yearbook was dedicated to Dr. and Mrs. Osborne. Dr. Osborne established informal Sunday evening services in the college in his first year at OLC and set up a college choir which performed at many Ontario communities in the 1950s. The Ontario Ladies ' College has always been famous for its choirs. One of the first was established by Arthur Blight, mu- sical director for 14 years at the time of the first world war. He was succeeded by G. D. Atkinson who also directed a choir. The choir which he directed during his term was Dr. Osborne ' s favorite project, next to his dream of building a college chapel. The fall of 1948 saw the introduction of a night fire drill at the college. The Whitby fire chief was pleased with the results but asked for repairs to the fire escape and the installation of outside lighting so the students would not be injured if they had to evacuate at night. Late in 1948 the Board of Directors formed a committee under Graydon Goodfellow, to pre- pare for the 75th anniversary of the Ontario Ladies ' College. The ceremonies, from June 5 to 8, 1949 were attended by 220 former stu- dents, some from as far away as Bermuda. On Feb. 2, 1949, the board of directors through Prof. C. B. Sissons, proposed the building of a new chapel. Dr. Osborne had been promoting the idea since his arrival, and it received immediate approval. At the 75th anniversary celebrations Dr. Osborne announ- ced the inauguration of a $125, 000 campaign to raise money for the chapel and three new class- rooms to be added to the north end of Ryerson Hall. The graduating class of 1949 got the campaign under way with the donation of a set of flags for the chapel. In the college ' s early days the chapel ser- vices were held in the drawing room, later known as the study hall, or in the concert hall. Over the years OLC continued to suffer from the lack of an adequate chapel setting. A banquet presided over by Mr. Rogers was the main event of the 75th anniversary. T. K. Creighton of Oshawa unveiled a portrait of Dr. Carscallen by Kenneth Forbes, RCA, as part of the ceremonies. It now hangs over the fireplace in the common room. Miss Maxwell contributed to the anniversary by writing a historical sketch of the Ontario Ladies ' College which was printed and dis- tributed to the guests. With the completion of 75 years of educa- tional work the Ontario Ladies ' College looked forward to the 1950s as a period of prosperity, in which the new chapel would soon be built. It took seven years, however, for that dream to be realized. The college choir assembled in the concert hall in 1942. The graduating class of 1949 on the front steps of the college. (Photo by LeRoy Toll) Chapter Nineteen 1950-1959, The Building of Grace Chapel The 1950s were dominated by the extensive fund-raising campaign required to build the chapel. It took seven years to achieve this objective, but when completed, the OLC chapel was one of the finest in any private school in the country and a credit to those who worked so long and hard to build it. The original idea for the chapel was suggested by Thomas G. Rogers, the president of the Board of Directors. Dr. Osborne immediately took up the project by announcing the fund-raising campaign at the 75th anniversary in 1949. By February 1950 the board had adopted plans prepared by Toronto architects Bruce Brown and Bisley. These plans called for a Gothic style chapel to the north of Ryerson Hall, with three new classrooms in the basement. Seating capacity was set at 267 persons. Campaign literature was run off the press and mailed to the 21 board members, members of the alumnae and friends of the college. Early in April, 1, 800 letters were sent out to the alumnae, setting a campaign objective of $100, 000. Of this amount it was hoped $35, 000 to $40, 000 would be subscribed by the alumnae. In April the fund stood at $8, 500, but by June the amount subscribed had reached over $20, 000. Mrs. Sandy Carlaw, a graduate of 1946 and a resident of Whitby was secretary of the campaign committee, while Mrs. L.H. Pilkington (Norah Holden) offered to be treasurer of the Chapel Fund in England. Miss Maxwell joined in the work too by ad- dressing more than 150 letters asking for subscriptions. While the chapel fund was getting under way, contractors were completing the exten- sive job of renovating the students ' dormi- tories, begun when Dr. Osborne arrived in 1948. Cupboards and panelling were installed in the students ' rooms and all furniture was repaired and painted. New beds were obtained to replace the old war surplus beds Dr. Osborne found when he arrived. A new rec- reation room was built under the dining hall in 1950, and in 1952 the roof was repaired and new wiring installed in the college. The Ontario Ladies ' College was saddened by the death of two of its most loyal supporters in 1950, In February, Graydon Goodfellow, vice-president of the board, and a member for 25 years, died suddenly while on a holiday in the United States, Publisher of the Times - Gazette in Oshawa, he had been involved in the community affairs of Whitby for many years. On his death a memorial was contemplated for the new chapel and a prize in mathematics was given in his name. His funeral was held in the old college chapel. The second death was that of Miss Nettie Burkholder, lady principal of OLC from 1901 to 1912. She died in Edmonton Sept, 16 at the age of 87, A member of the faculty for 21 years, she taught English and chemistry from 1891 to 1901 before she became lady principal. After leaving the college. Miss Burkholder The Latin motto taken from the school song was painted in the main hall in 1955. helped to establish a branch of the alumnae association in western Canada. The 1950 yearbook was dedicated to Miss Margaret Carmen, a teacher of modern languages who was retiring from OLC. She came to the college in January 1935. The year 1950 also saw the largest number of conferences ever held in the school during the summer months. The Ontario Ladies ' College played host to five world conferences, attended by 275 delegates from 44 countries. The conferences were sponsored by the Inter- national Missionary Council, World Council of Churches, World Christian Youth Commis- sion, Worlds ' YWCA, and World Council of Christian Education. Dr. Osborne recorded the voices of nine conference delegates to play for the students at Sunday evening chapel services. The 1951 yearbook was dedicated to Miss Muriel Sissons, who retired as dean and head of the department of classics after seven years. Miss Sissons stayed on in Whitby and devoted her time in the coming years to the work of the Ontario Humane Society. Directly after leaving OLC she took a position at Oshawa Central Collegiate. Fred Chubb, the discoverer of Chubb Crater in the arctic was a special guest of the college Jan. 28, 1951 when he gave a lecture on his explorations. On Oct. 14, the college students travelled to Toronto to witness the visit of Princess Elizabeth and Prince Philip, the first Royal Visit since 1939. During the 1950s and 1960s the college was distinguished by its 26-voice choir which sang on radio and made public appearances in many Ontario communities. In February 1951 the choir sang at a Rotary Club luncheon at the Royal York Hotel in Toronto. By 1954 it had appeared in Gravenhurst and Agincourt and sang on the radio at Oshawa. The following year there were performances at Peterborough and Lakefield. In 1959 the choir presented a 30-minute service in the new chapel, which was broadcast coast to coast on the CBC radio net- work. Under the direction of Dr. Osborne, the choir did much to promote the name of OLC across the country. Needed publicity was also gained by a three- page spread in Canada West Indies Magazine in May 1951. In the 1950s, Dr. and Mrs. Osborne travelled extensively, calling on the representatives of the various alumnae chapters in Ontario, Quebec and the western provinces, to spread the word about the college and meet former graduates. In the spring and fall of each year Dr. Osborne sent out 1, 800 copies of the Trafalgar Castle News, a newsletter in- forming the alumnae of events at the college. In the fall of 1951 he reported the roof was be- ing repaired and that the chapel fund had reached $24, 580. The 1952 yearbook was dedicated to the new dean. Miss J. May Carter, who made an im- portant contribution to OLC. Miss Carter came to the college in 1951 after serving 17 years as principal of Riverbend School for Girls in Winnipeg. The following year the college got into the Coronation spirit by dedicating the Miss J. May Carter yearbook to Queen Elizabeth. In the fall of 1952 a new organization called the Canadian Concert Association of Whitby opened a series of programs by Canadian musicians in the college concert hall. Popular concerts of opera and classical music were offered by this association at the college and local high schools in Whitby for nearly 20 years. The first concert was by pianist Mary Syme and baritone James Milligan. Dr. Osborne served as honorary president of the association. Fencing was introduced to the college ' s athletic program in 1953, and ballet was tried on a limited scale starting in 1954. The Canadian poet, Wilson MacDonald, returned for a series of readings in 1953 after nearly 30 years. His visit to OLC became an annual event during the 1950s. The High Commis- sioner of New Zealand spoke to the Canadian Club at the college in May 1953, another example of the use of the school by outside organizations. On commencement day the class of 1953 offered the large plaques which now hang in the main hall, listing the names of the May Queens Honor Club presidents (head girls) and Strathcona Shield winners. The lists were nearly complete except for the 1909 May Queen which remained unknown for 20 years until the author of this history discovered the name in an old copy of Vox Collegii. Further plaques listing yearbook editors, SCM presidents and Ontario Scholars were added in later years. In August 1953, the first " Camp Farthest Out " in eastern Canada convened at the Ontario Ladies ' College. The camp, which was inter- national, interracial and interdenominational, returned to OLC several times in the 1950s. The name Farthest Out was intended to mean " farthest out from worldly things. " A total of 204 people participated in the camp, which was struck Ontario, causing floods and widespread designed to be an enriching religious experi- destruction. Fortunately, the Ontario Ladies ' ence. College suffered only a power blackout. The The fall of 1953 saw the Ontario Ladies ' students enjoyed living for a few hours by College become the beneficiary of a substantial candlelight. The year ended with the 34th bequest from the will of the late Jessie Lord Older Boys ' Parliament meeting at the college Ayres, a former teacher at the college. In her during the Christmas holidays. The Parlia- will she left to the alumnae a sum of $16, 867 to ment was sponsored by the Ontario Boys ' Work be used to set up a yearly musical scholarship. Board, part of the Ontario Council of Christian In order to receive the bequest, the alumnae Education. It had met previously at OLC in association was required to become an incor- Dr. Osborne ' s first year as principal, porated body. This was achieved the following Anyone who attended the Ontario Ladies ' year, with the first Jessie Lord Ayres Scholar- College in 1955 will remember it as one of the ship of approximately $600 awarded in 1954. most significant years in the school ' s history. Other events of 1953 included the designing Dr. Osborne announced early in the year that of a new alumnae pin by the Trafalgar Chapter, in September the school would adopt the and the resignation from the board of directors semester system. Following experiments of Dr. C.B. Sissons of Toronto. Dr. Sissons conducted in the United States and Alberta, had been a member of the board for more than he decided to introduce the new system which 30 years. allowed students to complete three courses in Starting in 1954, the May Queen was one semester instead of writing all six final crowned in the afternoon instead of the morning. examinations in June. There were two semes- This was done to accommodate guests who had ters of 14 weeks each for grades nine to 12, a long way to travel to see the ceremonies. with three subjects to each semester. Exami- About the farthest distance ever travelled to nations took place for the specific courses at see the crowning of the May Queen was by the the end of each semester. The six major mother of Pamala Tulk, the 1950 queen, who subjects were English, Social Studies, and four came all the way from her home in Sao Paulo, options. Brazil. " This new venture in the organization of The year 1954 also proved to be one of subjects in the Ontario High School curriculum problems for the college. About 35 students will receive its first test in Ontario at the came down with some mysterious malady at Ontario Ladies ' College, " Dr. Osborne an- first believed to be the mumps. The disease nounced in a press release. He found the caused the cancellation of several performances semester system attracted many students to by the choir. In October, Hurricane Hazel OLC and created much interest at the Ontario Grace Chapel dedicated in 1956, is one of the newest additions to the college. Department of Education. In June 1955, G.D. Atkinson, director of music at OLC for 44 years, announced his retirement. In honor of his service, the longest by any member of the faculty, the Board of Directors gave Mr. Atkinson a testi- monial dinner. He was succeeded by Gordon Hallett, of the senior faculty of the Royal Conservatory of Music. Mr. Hallett was regarded as one of Canada ' s most distinguished concert pianists and teachers. But the most important event of 1955 was the calling of tenders for the chapel. Young and Apperley of Toronto received the contract. On October 13 the sod was turned and the work begun. By mid-winter cash donations to the chapel fund had reached $54, 347, but $15, 000 more was required by June 1956. The daily life of the school continued, with a few changes occurring. The student council obtained a hi-fi set for dances, which were now called hi-fi hops. The students held a vote to see if the name of the school yearbook. Vox Collegii should be changed. Suggestions included Blue Flyte and Thread of Gold, but it stayed as the familiar Vox Collegii. In December the Drama Club presented Shakespeare ' s A Mid-summer Night ' s Dream, which proved to be as much of a success as As You Like It was four years before. In the early part of 1955 the ceiling of the dining room and the concert hall had to be replaced. Thirty minutes before the 1954 Christmas dinner, a 90 -pound chunk of the dining room ceiling fell onto one of the tables. Many of the chapel windows by Gustov Immediate steps had to be taken before another such incident could occur. Repairs had con- tinued at the college in the summer of 1954 when soundproof partitions were installed between the classrooms in Ryerson Hall. In the spring of 1955, the art teacher. Miss Shirley Rowcliffe, painted the ornamental Latin words " Veritas, Virtus, Venustas " on the arch- way in the main hall. The words, meaning " truth, virtue, loveliness " come from the college song. Dear Old Trafalgar, composed 30 years before. They appeared to be a better motto for a girls ' school than Sheriff Reynolds ' credo: " I will look after my right. " The 1954-55 school year closed with a visit on commencement day by Louis Briethaupt, the lieutenant-governor of Ontario, whose family had connections with the college for many years. During 1955 the board of directors prepared to sell 19 lots on the site of the college farm for building purposes. The land, on Reynolds Street, was sold because the property was desired by builders and no longer required by the college. Houses were built on the lots in the late 1950s and the proceeds from t he sale of the land were invested by the board. Early in 1956 the college farm was closed and the property north of the school between Reynolds and Blair Streets sold during the next three years. The sale of the farm after 48 years was a matter of considerable regret to both Dr. Osborne and the board, but economic conditions forced the issue on the college. For years a fine herd of dairy cattle had isman of Toronto serve as memorials. provided milk for the college during the school year and for an Oshawa dairy in the summer. But by 1956 the Ontario Milk Board Laws required a cooler which was too expensive to install. The board decided it would not be economical to subsidize the farm from the fees of the students, so the decision was made to sell the cattle and close the farm. The orchard which had served the college for many years had become too old to bear apples, and the vegetable gardens were no longer planted. Some of the farm land was rented to a local canning factory until 1969, but the days of farming by OLC were over. The old barn stood empty until the March evening in 1958 when the Whitby Dunlops came home after winning the world hockey championship. On that night, it burned to the ground in a spec- tacular blaze that could be seen for miles. On May 6, 1956 the cornerstone for the new chapel was laid. T.G. Rogers performed the ceremony, along with Dr. Osborne. Miss C.F. Wright, of Weston, president of the Alumnae Association placed a strongbox under the stone, containing a copy of the order of service, a prospectus and history of the college, the names and addresses of the students, members of the faculty and board for 1956, a Canadian silver dollar and a copy of the Oshawa Times -Gazette. With the opening planned for the fall, the college issued a special Chapel Edition of the yearbook, with an extra run of copies for the alumnae. On Oct. 29, 1956, the Grace Chapel, as the new building was called, was dedicated before a congregation of 300. Rev. H.A. Mellow, president of the Bay of Quinte Conference of the United Church of Canada performed the dedication ceremony, with a sermon preached by Rev. A.B.B. Moore, President of Victoria College. At opening day the building fund stood at $65, 000 with pledges still coming in. Almost all the furnishings and windows of the chapel were provided as memo- rials or gifts. These were dedicated the Sunday following the dedication of the chapel itself. But one item was still missing from the new chapel --an organ. Dr. Osborne expressed the hope that $17, 000 could be raised in the coming year to provide this necessary addition. During the coming years the stained glass windows, designed by Gustov Weisman of Toronto, were dedicated as memorials. The Chancel window was dedicated to Miss Maxwell and all the former deans of the college in 1958 and the other windows followed in the 1960s. The memorials are too numerous to mention in this brief history, but are duly recorded by the college in an illuminated book presented by the SCM. Not long after the dedication, the first of many weddings of former students occurred in the chapel. On Dec. 8, 1956 Marilyn Reader, a graduate of 1954, married Richard Broughton, of Whitby. Dr. Osborne and Rev. John Smith of the Whitby United Church (now St. Mark ' s Church) officiated. By coincidence, Mr. and Mrs. Broughton now live on Reynolds Street, only a short distance from the college. Dr. Osborne sees the chapel as the most important achievement of his term as principal, for it serves today as a meaningful part of student life at OLC. In 1957 Miss Carter left the college after six years as dean, and was succeeded by Mrs. Susan Clark. Donald Davis, general manager of the Crest Theatre in Toronto, provided readings from Shakespeare at one of the college ' s Sunday meetings. These read- ings led to the students ' first visit to the Stratford Festival in 1958 to see Henry IV. Trips to Stratford have been a regular part of the school program ever since. Enrolment for 1957-58 reached 117 in residence, the largest number since 1948. Tke records showed that almost one third of the students achieved an average of over 75 per cent that year. The year was also the last for the commercial program, which had been part of the curriculum for almost 40 years. The first concert on the new organ in Grace Chapel was performed Nov. 4, 1957 by the noted organist of Timothy Eaton Memorial Church, David Ouchterlony. The old organ in the concert hall, installed in 1895 was dis- mantled to provide pipes for the new organ. The Grace Chapel CDrgan is a two-manual Casavant consisting of 22 ranks of pipes. On April 20, 1958, the great Chancel window was dedicated. The money for this memorial was raised by the alumnae associa- tion. Dr. Carscallen returned for the day to assist Dr. Osborne in the Scripture reading, while the alumnae president, Mrs. F.C. Wooley performed the dedication. This window is in memory of the deans of the college. Obtaining a suitable dean was a problem for the college after the departure of Miss Carter. Mrs. Osborne and Mrs. Grace Bird had to share the position in 1958-59 until a dean could be secured. Another problem to be faced was the rising cost of printing, which meant a lesser quality yearbook. At the close of the 1950s the program of repairs and improvements was in high gear. In 1958 a new fire alarm system was installed, and starting in 1959, the driveways were widened and realigned to form the heart in the front lawn of the college. The work was not without unfortunate difficulties, for in Novem- ber 1959, a loaded gravel truck backed into the south gate, completely demolishing the brick- work. The old gates of 1924 had to be replaced as a result of this accident. The paving of the driveways was completed in 1960 and a parking lot for 50 cars constructed behind the chapel shortly afterwards. In the fall of 1959 the college ' s art depart- ment prepared to close, on account of the narrowing of the range of curriculum. The art department which had been a leading part of the college work in the 19th century no longer held the place it once did in school studies. There were losses in the 1950s such as the farm, the gates and the art and commercial departments, but the great achievement of this period was the chapel which compensated for the other changes. The procession for Ruth Milne, May Queen of 1965, approaches the throne. (Photo by Denis Studio) Chapter Twenty 1960-1968 The Quiet Years The early 1960s were a quiet time for the, Ontario Ladies ' College. There were few out- standing events to note as in past decades, but this did not mean that life at the college was dull. It was a time of work and improvement to keep the college ' s place high in the educational pattern of the province. The improvements began with the comple- tion of the sidewalks and paving of the front entrance road in 1960. Four fieldstone columns were erected to replace the old gates destroyed by the gravel truck. These gates were to be- come something of a problem in the years to come. Vandals smashed the lights on the pil- lars on several occasions, and one day three boys from a private school removed the bronze plaque bearing the name of the school and made off with it as a trophy. They later had to return it to Dr. Osborne on orders from their school principal. The 1960 renovations besides the gates, included a new flagpole for the main tower, and a new garage. A contractor called in to ex- amine the old building said the only thing hold- ing the garage together was the vine growing on the outside wall. At the October Board meeting Thomas G. Rogers resigned after 20 years as president of the Ontario Ladies ' College. The board offered him a testimonial dinner, and a scholarship was awarded in his name. The students also paid tribute to Mr. Rogers by dedicating the 1960-61 yearbook to him. Mr. Rogers was succeeded as president by an Oshawa lawyer, T. Kelso Creighton, who was to prove himself to be a valuable asset to the school. Mr. Creighton ' s contribution was consider- able early in 1961 when the college found itself faced with a crisis on account of its charter. In 1878 the Ontario Ladies ' College was incor- porated as a joint stock company with share capital, and a charter was issued by the pro- vincial government. One day in 1960 the board was informed that because of the nature of this charter, the school was liable for several years of unpaid provincial taxes, running into four figures. Some individual at Queen ' s Park who had been examining old charters had discovered that any incorporated body with share capital was taxable. However, no one had ever informed the board of directors of this require- ment, and they found themselves faced with a dilemma. The board took the position that no member had received dividends in recent years. No dividends had been paid since about the turn of the century, and there was no intention of pay- ing dividends in the future. This approach did not satisfy the government, so an alternative was suggested- -that the college be reincor- porated without share capital, which would eliminate the problem of paying provincial taxes . Mr. Creighton, who was known as one of the foremost lawyers in the province, took on the task of drawing up the new charter. His experience as a former member of the provin- cial legislature also served him in good stead in guiding the school through this difficult situation. He was received with courtesy and respect in all his dealings with provincial of- ficials, and thus managed to save the college from a heavy load of taxes. The new charter was introduced as a private member ' s bill and passed during the second session of the 26th legislature in the spring of 1961. With the new charter, the Ontario Ladies ' College no longer had shareholders or issued stock certificates, but this was no great change for no shares had been issued for years. " We may be likened to an infant newly born; or possibly more accurately an adult renamed and recommissioned, " commented Dr. Osborne in the Trafalgar Castle News. Other problems had to be faced in 1961 as well as the charter. In the spring of that year the beautiful elm trees along the front driveway had to be cut down for they had become victims of Dutch elm disease. Six crimson king maples and four sunburst locusts were planted to re- place them. A tree expert was called in to examine the remainder of the college ' s trees and the cedar hedges which seemed to be suf- fering from some sort of blight. In his June 1961 newsletter Dr. Osborne asked the alumnae for help in establishing more scholarships for deserving students. He pro- posed a living endowment by which the former students would subscribe a certain amount of money each year to the school. Dr. Osborne also announced the bequest of the late Mrs. W. J. H. Richardson of $2, 500 to provide a memorial in the chapel for her daughter Helena who died a few years previously. The last day of school in June 1961 was one of special significance for the college, for it marked the first baptism in the chapel. Sherry Owens, one of the students, was baptized in a special ceremony. The chapel has also been the scene of many weddings of former students. Four more windows for the chapel were dedi- cated on Trafalgar Day, the day before the baptism. Ontario Scholar, Janet McRae The yearbooks of the early 1960s were improved considerably, with hard covers and more pages. In 1961-62 a new house was added to the college ' s house system in honor of Miss Carter who had served as dean from 1951 to 1957. This new unit which provided competi- tion among the students was known as Carter House. In 1962 the Ontario Ladies ' College had its last junior school class, as grade eight was phased out of the curriculum. For the past several years, the college had been dropping its elementary classes a year at a time, in favor of an entirely secondary school program. One student managed to keep just one year ahead of the disappearing grades. She started in Grade one and after she had completed her year, the grade was dropped. This continued until she had completed Grade eight. She con- tinued on to graduate from Grade 12 at OLC. The year 1962 also saw the first of a series of highly successful Greek dramas presented by the students of Mrs. Aileen Parsons. The choir sang at the Metropolitan United Church in Toronto with the service being broadcast on radio. In July of 1962 it was discovered that the foundations of the flagstaff tower were crum- bling and the sidewalk was caving in. Im- mediate repairs were required. The contrac- tor discovered several large brick chambers under the tower, one of which, had caved in. This was said to be the beginning of the leg- endary tunnel to Lake Ontario, but it is more likely the chambers were wine cellars. The entire first floor of the tower had to be rebuilt and new doors installed. The cornerstone, inscribed " N. G.R., 1859 " was moved from over the south door, to the corner of the tower. In 1963 the commencement exercises which had been held in June since 1875 were moved to October. The lateness of receiving results from the Grade 13 departmental examinations required the change. The same year Gordon Hallett resigned as musical director after eight years. At com- mencement day 1964 Janet McRae became the first of many Ontario Scholars at the Ontario Ladies ' College. To qualify for the award she had to receive an average of more than 80 per cent in the Grade 13 examinations. The first college judo club was established in 1964, and Wilson MacDonald returned to give his last poetry reading at the school. Movies were s hown at the college in 1964, and the students took a trip to Niagara Falls. The Crest Players and the Hart House Glee Club visited the college that year. In 1965 the most extensive alterations in 10 years got under way as a new library was built in the basement, a new kitchen installed, and the old Okticlos Music Studio converted into an office for the principal ' s secretary and the bursar. For years the library had been in the study hall, but in 1952, Dr. Osborne moved it to the music studio. The new library in the basement under the study hall, and the accom- panying reading room under the board room were more spacious and better lighted than the previous facilities. The new library under the main hall, opened in 1965. All summer conferences were cancelled in 1965 in order to completely renovate the kitchen. For this special project capital funds from the United Church assisted the school. New refrigerators and stainless steel cabinets were part of the equipment installed. During that busy summer Dr. Osborne acted as secretary of a committee for the preparation of a common hymn book for the Anglican and United Churches, taking him to Europe for four weeks. After his retirement as principal in June 1968, he became the com- mittee ' s full-time secretary. In 1965 the college sold some more of its land. This time a parcel on the south side of Gilbert Street near the college gates was sold to the Whitby Baptist Church which erected a fine building on the site in 1966. A few years later the land on the north side of the street opposite the church was sold to the Town of Whitby as a site for a new public library. Politics intervened, however, and the library was never built. In 1973 the town subdivided the land for building lots. In 1966 the alumnae council decided to have its homecoming weekend in the fall for the first time, to coincide with commencement. This change proved to be an advantage, for there was much work which had to be attended to in June as the students prepared for final exams. Early in 1967 the Ontario Ladies ' College participated in a Centennial Debate with the high schools of Whitby in honor of Canada ' s 100th birthday. The OLC team of Eileen Malabre from Guyana and Barclay- Jane Grey from Pickering took top honors in the debate. A short time later, Jane Nelms led a team of gymnasts to a competition for high schools in East Central Ontario where she brought back the red ribbon for the college. Two members of the college staff retired in 1966-67. Miss Rena McDowell, senior history teacher for 19 years was given a testi- monial dinner in September 1966, and Mrs. Bird, a housemother since 1953 retired in June 1967. Both received dedications in the yearbook. The fall .of 1967 was marked with a festival of plays in which the various houses in the school competed for awards. Dr. Osborne found the program did more to stir up school spirit than anything he had witnessed in his 20 years as principal. Mrs. Dorothy Perry, the present Dean, came to OLC in February 1968. A teacher in Jamaica for a number of years, Mrs. Perry came to Canada in 1964. She was librarian at Huntington College of Laurentian University in Sudbury before coming to OLC. During the year 1967-68 the SCM supported foster children in Ecuador and Hong Kong. In the spring of 1967 Dr. Osborne printed 5,000 posters to be distributed in schools, churches, libraries, and embassies abroad to advertise the Ontario Ladies ' College. At the end of June, 1968 Dr. Osborne retired after 20 years as principal. By coinci- dence both he and Dr. Carscallen had served for the same period of time. Nearly 200 alumnae attended a reception in honor of Dr. and Mrs. Osborne at Toronto, where Mrs. R. Leo Gray, an active member of the alumnae for many years read an address of appreciation and made several presentations. Dinners were held at the college for the Osbornes by the stu- dents and staff, and by the board of directors. Upon his retirement. Dr. Osborne took up residence in Oshawa and assumed the position of full-time secretary of the hymn book com- mittee for the Anglican and United Churches. With a term of 20 years completed by its fourth principal in nearly a century, the Ontario Ladies ' College was ready to turn another page in its long and colorful history. Chapter Twenty-One 1968-1973, Countdown to Centennial In the summer of 1968 a new principal arrived at the Ontario Ladies ' College to take up the duties laid down by Dr. Osborne the previous spring. Dr. Reginald C. Davis was installed as principal on Oct. 5 in a special ceremony in Grace Chapel, presided over by Rev. Dr. H.W. Vaughan, secretary of the Board of Colleges of the United Church of Canada. Rev. Kingsley J. Joblin, head of the department of religious knowledge and chaplain of Victoria College, read an address on the occasion. The fifth principal to serve the Ontario Ladies ' College in 95 years. Dr. Davis was the first who was not an ordained minister. After receiving his BA from the University of Ottawa he pursued postgraduate studies leading to an MA and PhD. in English Literature from Ottawa University, a Master ' s degree in Music Education from the Eastman School of Music of the University of Rochester, and a Master ' s degree in Education from the University of Toronto. After graduation. Dr. Davis served as principal of the Corvette Ave. Public School in Scarborough, assistant to the superintendent of the Brantford elementary school system, and principal of Cobourg East and West Collegiates. Directly before coming to OLC he spent three years in West Vancouver as a district super- visor of their educational program. Dr. Davis ' s five years as principal have been a period of consolidation of resources. Many basic improvements have been made in the college ' s academic and physical structure to keep the school up to date with other private schools in Canada. Some of these improvements have included the provision of a faculty room for the teachers, relocation of the principal ' s office in the bur- sar ' s and secretary ' s centre, creation of a guidance centre in the former principal ' s of- fice, and new lighting in Ryerson and Main halls. Wire fencing was erected around the immediate college grounds, storm windows and screens installed, and the walls and ceilings of upper Frances Hall rebuilt. Dr. Davis reinstituted grades seven and eight into the college curriculum shortly after his arrival, and in September 1971, the five- year arts and science program was changed to a credit system. The eight-period day was extended to nine class periods so that more options could be added to the curriculum. New pilot courses in English and French placed OLC in the forefront of experimental private schools. Latin, the mainstay of classical edu- cation since the 19th century, was gradually replaced by Spanish, a language considered more appropriate since it was the native tongue of many Central and South American students. It was considered that teaching Spanish would be of benefit to their fellow students from Canada who had never learned to speak this language. While the number of students from abroad tended to keep up in recent years, the number of Ontario students has dropped. The students attending OLC in 1973-74 included 71 from Ontario, two from Quebec, one from Saskatch- ewan, 8 from Hong Kong, two from Taiwan, two from the United States and 14 from the Caribbean. One of the most significant developments in the last five years has been the increase in day students from seven in 1968 to 18 in 1972. The total number of students in a year has ranged from 92 in 1971 to 116 in 1969 and 1973. Of the 28 Grade 13 students in 1971-72, seven were Ontario Scholars, representing 25 per cent of the graduating class. In 1972-73 there were again seven Ontario Scholars, which indicated an excellent record in academic achievement. In the past two years, students at the college have taken excursions to Paris, London and Rome, with the assistance of the faculty. Other trips have been to the Stratford Shakespearian Festival to see The Taming of the Shrew, to the O ' Keefe Centre for the Canadian Opera Company ' s presentation of The Barber of Seville, and the Ontario Science Centre. Since 1969 the Ontario Ladies ' College has held an Open House every spring which has attracted many visitors from the Whitby area. The students have acted as guides and there have been displays of various classroom ac- tivities. The students have also participated in community events, with two girls being selected as Miss Oshawa Generals, and Whitby Winter Carnival Queen in 1972. The graduating class of 1971 had the honor of hearing an address by Oshawa- Whitby MP Ed Broadbent on commencement day. Mr. Broadbent, a prominent member of the House Marylynn Mentis, Miss Oshawa Generals The college choir which sang in the Parliament Buildings at Ottawa in 1971. of Commons, spoke on the role of youth in a changing society. In 1973 the author of this historical sketch introduced the graduating class and the rest of the students of OLC to the background of the school which is so much a part of the Centennial celebrations. Since he came to OLC Dr. Davis has car- ried on the tradition of directing the college choir. In May 1971 Dr. Harry Mount, honor- ary president of the board of directors, sub- sidized a trip to Ottawa for the 30-voice choir to sing in the Dominion Chalmers United Church. Dr. and Mrs. Davis accompanied the choir on a tour to Upper Canada Village and Ottawa, which included visits to the Gatineau Hills, the National Arts Centre and the Canadian mint. In addition to singing at Dr. Mount ' s church, the choir was invited to sing in the rotunda of the Parliament Build- ings by Mrs. Beatrice Eligh, John Diefenbaker ' s secretary. Mrs. Eligh had a special interest in OLC for her daughter is a graduate of the school. Mr. Broadbent was on hand to address the students on the lawn of the Parliament Buildings, and they observed Parliament in session. The missionary conferences which had been a part of the summer program at OLC since the turn of the century ended in 1968, as a different set of functions began to occur during the time the students were on holidays. In 1970 a summer school of church music was held for more than 50 organists and choir leaders from Ontario and Nova Scotia under the direction of Dr. Osborne. Another con- ference on music was held in 1971, as well as a Pioneer Girls ' explorers ' leadership con- ference. In the summer of 1973 competitors for the Thunderbird World Sailing Champion- ship being held at the Whitby Yacht Club boarded at the college and held their presenta- tion of awards in the concert hall. As the 1970s dawned, the faculty and staff of the Ontario Ladies ' College began to consider what to do to celebrate the school ' s centennial in 1974. The board of directors formed a Centennial committee and approved the writing of this history of the college by the archivist of the Whitby Historical Society. The Ontario Government agreed to participate in the cele- brations by erecting a historic site plaque at the school in connection with the official ceremony at commencement day 1974. With only one year to go till the Centennial, 1973 proved to be one of the most eventful in the history of OLC. For many years the opera- tion of the college was determined very closely by dollars and cents, for like all private schools, it was not able to receive government grants. On March 30, 1973, the Board of Directors approved the largest land sale in the history of the school- -40. 67 acres of property to the south of the college which was sold to a Toronto developer for building lots. The sale left the college with 49. 6 acres surround- ing the buildings. With the money gained from the sale the board set up a capital fund which guarantees the security of the school for many years to come. In the days of inflation and rising costs of operation, it was a blessing much needed. The second major event of 1973 was far from a blessing. It nearly put an end to the school. Shortly after 1 p.m. on Saturday Dec. 1, when many of the students were home for the weekend, one of the housemothers discovered smoke issuing from a room on the third floor when she came upstairs to get her coat. She notified Mrs. Perry, the dean, who sounded the fire alarm and cleared the school of the remaining students within two minutes. The Whitby Fire department with its new aerial ladder truck arrived on the scene and began pumping water through the third floor window at the northwest corner of the main building. It was 15 hours before the firemen were able to leave, assured that the fire was extinguished. As water was pumped through the third floor window, firemen shovelled the excess out the second floor windows. Smoke poured from the upper floor window and a hole in the roof, giving rise to fears that the main building might be totally destroyed. Extra water trucks were required to keep up with the demand, and hoses stretched for two blocks along Gilbert Street. Students who had to flee the college in cool weather were taken into the principal ' s resi- dence, and nearby homes, but most were back in the college by nightfall. Remarkably, the fire was confined to the third floor room where it started, thus allowing classes to con- tinue as usual the following Monday. A close inspection of the damage revealed that the college had suffered a close call indeed. The fire had started under the floor in the housemother ' s room, and had begun to spread through an air space toward the south side of the building. The cause was attributed to electrical failure when a fuse failed to blow out when overloaded. By far the worst damage Smoke issues from a third floor window was caused by the gallons of water which spread over the second floor, taking the finish off the boards, and weakening the plaster in the ceilings of the first and second floors. Some water managed to reach the board room, but most was confined to the second floor. Immediately after the fire, two by four timbers were put in place to prevent sagging of the doorways. By January, the college had re- ceived a building permit for repairs and hired a contractor. Damage was estimated at $75, 000 to the building and $25, 000 to the contents, but as the Whitby fire chief pointed out, quick action managed to save an invest- ment of $1, 600, 000. The 1973 fire was only the second of a serious nature to strike the college building in its 99-year history. The first had been in the roof near Frances Hall during the 1912 missionary conference. Thus ended the first 99 years in the history of the Ontario Ladies ' College. Few private schools in Canada can claim a heritage as rich or a record as fine. From the days of Sheriff Reynolds when Sir John A. Macdonald was a special guest, to the 1970s when the school became recognized as a provincial historic site, the Ontario Ladies ' College has contrib- uted in many ways to Canada and the Town of Whitby. Many of its graduates have emerged from its halls to find a place in the world. It now falls to the students of 1974 and future years to carry on the traditions established a century ago and uphold the motto established in the school song, of " Truth, Virtue, Loveliness. " during the fire of December 1, 1973. Glimpses of the Past Century Attitudes on education, and day-to-day life at school have changed considerably in 100 years. The following pages are designed to show what it was like to attend OLC during the past century, through selections from original documents possessed by the college. These documents include old calendars, board reports, and copies of The Sunbeam and Vox Collegii. You will see the role of the college through the eyes of the principal, the teachers, board members and students as they recorded their thoughts and impressions. NOTICE TO PARENTS Parents who purpose intrusting their daughters to our care will do well to write us freely in regard to anything on which they desire information, and to give timely notice of their coming. You are sending your daughters TO STUDY. Do not yield over much to their fancied requirements in dress. We advise plain neat dresses, rubbers, umbrella, and waterproof. It is injurious to encourage pupils to go home too frequently. This is not only expensive, but a serious interruption to th eir study and the order of the school. It is very important also, that pupils should be in attendance on the first day of the session or term, and that they should not leave until the last; and then not without a distinct under- standing between the parents and the authori- ties of the College, as to conveyance, com- pany, etc. With the utmost regularity and care in exercise, diet, hours of study, etc. , pupils may sometimes become ill. It is so at home. In all such cases we will do the best possible for their comfort and restoration. Skillful and reliable physicians are at hand. It is not best to be in haste to remove pupils for tem- porary ailments. Many daughters will feel the change from indulgent homes to the regular and impartial routine of college life. Decision in parents will do much to develop in their daughters loyalty to the institution, and to maintain the order and regularity necessary to success in mental culture. Letters regarding all matters financial and domestic, should be addressed to Rev. J.E. Sanderson; those relating to education to Rev. J.J. Hare. (College calendar, 1877-78) EXERCISE IS IMPORTANT All pupils are expected to take a course of lessons in walking and calisthenics during two terms each year. They should be provided with loose jackets and short black lustre skirt. Those desiring lessons in riding will require a riding skirt; and should bring a saddle if convenient. These lessons are given during the months of September, October, May and June at very moderate charges. (College calendar, 1877-78) EXAMINATIONS Arrangements have been made with the faculty of Victoria University whereby examina- tions on groups of studies for matriculation or on the whole matriculation work, or on subjects embraced in the undergraduate course will be conducted in the college buildings; thus saving pupils who may desire university standing the expense and trouble of a visit to Cobourg, Similar privileges can be granted those who wish to matriculate at Toronto University. (College calendar, 1879-80) A STUDENT ' S VIEW Mr. Sanderson leaves at the close of this year. Do we think he will not be cross the night of the concert and will let us talk with the audience all we wish to? We are going to give him a present the night before and that will tend to sweeten him too. Mr. Hare is to be governor and principal too; there will be no privileges then. (Student ' s letter, June 5, 1879) STOCKHOLDERS ARE WARNED Certain local directors having personally to assume large financial liabilities, it is to be regretted that Stockholders still neglect to pay arrears due upon stock, thereby necessitating legal proceedings to enforce the same. (Directors ' Report, Sept. 7, 1880) THE FOUNDATION OF LEARNING A genuine education is only secured by lay- ing the foundation in a thorough knowledge of the elementary branches, and by carrying up- ward the building in a regular course of train- ing until the cap-stone is put on in the higher branches of Science and Philosophy. A com- mon mistake made by pupils and their friends is that the time spent in the early part of the course is well-nigh wasted, and that an imper- fect knowledge of the Common English branches should be accepted, so as to give greater time for the more attractive subjects of the course. This style of tuition we utterly discard. Hur- rying forward to the several branches of in- struction without proper intellectual prepara- tion, we regard as the prolific source of super- ficiality, inaccuracy and mental confusion. Better for tho se who have only a year to spend in the college to commence at the foundation, and master thoroughly all that they attempt to study, than to risk their mental health by en- tering upon any subject for which they are not prepared. Except in special cases those who attend this college will be expected to undergo the discipline of completing the common and in- dispensable branches of instruction before at- tempting the more advanced. This principle applies to the departments of Music and Draw- ing. Spelling, Penmanship, Composition and Elocutionary Reading receive special attention. Parents who understand the value of an unbroken and consistent course of Study will feel the importance of sending their daughters early to the School, and giving them time to complete the entire course. The various branches of Natural Science, so often overlooked or imperfectly taught in ladies ' Schools, receive here due prominence and attention. (College calendar, 1881-82) MUSICAL OPPORTUNITIES To meet the wants of advanced and profes- sional pupils a magnificent Decker Grand Piano has been procured for College practice; also the privilege of taking lessons from Prof. Fisher on the large pipe organ in the Methodist Tabernacle, Whitby. (College calendar, 1881-82) GHOSTS? Is Ryerson Hall haunted? If so, with what? Surely it was not a ghost gliding so stealthily up and down some evenings back; for ghosts, A report card from the first full year, 1875. ft FOUNDED 1874. [ ' ALMAM QUI MERUIT FERAT. ■ f ■ ( ■ (( ' MAXIMUM In esch department, TEN, 4. MODERN LANCUACES I. CNCLISH tittAUUAK AM ' CoHf Gl-;no, ANti HiSTOUY SpKi.i ixci ASD Wiinis.. 5. NATURAL SCIENCE KUKTtinU: ASU LiTKBaTI TIK BiiTASV AM ' zm ! ,,r, ] ' Ai ' is.. AN ' ij F.i.ort- ' noN , 1. CLASSICS. 3. MATHEMATICS. . Ai.iiK.miA , , (IKIIMKIRV. . S. FINE ARTS, Nat. Pun., w.i I ' m- , " . 1 .1. , liiiiwiv.i rni:Misri ' . i 6. MENTAL MORAL SCIENCE. 9. REGULARITY « PUNCTUALITY Saii uai, rin M.....i . l ' iviui:s ' KS( ' ( " llms 1 r M n Mkntai. I ' liiij-. 10 DEPORTMENT. TWUliNOHKTKT MoilAl, Sf IKSC K we believe, generally appear in white, but this vague something, was robed in clothes of sombre hue. The spell cast by the shadowy approach did not fall upon us alone. Even the clocks felt the strange presence near and im- mediately gave proof of their alarm(s). We wait in eager anticipation for a second visit, so that the misty cloud of doubt may be rolled away. (The Sunbeam, Feb. 1887) JUBILEE LIBRARY The Ontario Ladies ' College has resolved to celebrate the Queen ' s jubilee by raising a fund for procuring a library. The contribution has already commenced within the college walls and resident pupils and teachers are enthusias- tic about it We would--very modestly-- ask from each a sum varying from 25 to $1.00, not declining any larger amount which their generosity may prompt and such as several in the college have cheerfully given unsolicited. (The Sunbeam, March 1887) MAKING TAFFY There is a young lady in Ryerson Hall who is very fond of making taffy; but she always chooses someone else ' s rooms for the scene of action. With a face beaming with generosity she presents herself at the door, her arms full of the necessaries for taffy making- -butter, sugar and dishes. She always brings dishes, but she never takes them back. The taffy is made and cooled. The friends are invited in and begin to make themselves useful in aiding to empty the plates, " and all goes merry as a marriage bell " , but when the time to wash the plates approaches, our young friend of the generous disposition is always conspicuous by her absence. Some important duty evidently requires her presence elsewhere. (The Sunbeam, June 1887) An artist ' s conception of the Ontario Ladies ' College, drawn in 1907. nitrnit ' , vill please cnquivc foi and nU ituii , I ' III tlic close of each term — thus ouo inuinii:; liu ' f npiis. ,uiii opi ratiiig with us in our tcork of iiistmc li ' ii . EARLY TO BED, EARLY TO RISE We have gone back again to the old rules of retiring at half past nine and rising at half past six. Some of the girls seem to find it very hard to be in time for breakfast now but no doubt we shall soon get used to it, and the en- joyment of a morning walk repays us. (The Sunbeam, March 1897) FEATHER BOAS IN FASHION one caused considerable consternation in the college as some of the girls on UF (Upper Frances) seeing the reflection thought it was Ryerson. At each of these fires the front windows of the college have been crowded with of the town children in order to run and see it, but no; college young ladies don ' t run to fires. (Vox CoUegii, Dec. 1901) Our principal need not feel any alarm if he finds that his hens are moulting out of sea- son, as Xmas is approaching and feather boas are not only useful but ornamental. (The Sunbeam, Oct. 1898) COLLEGE GYPSIES What a picturesque romantic art class we must have, to think that while on one of our sketching tours they should be closely examined by a passer-by and pronounced " Quite a re- spectable gypsy camp. " (The Sunbeam, Oct. 1898) TELLING EVIDENCE As the girls were not forbidden to go to the school rooms on " Conversat " night this year, some of them took silence for consent and sat out one or other of the promenades there. But the couple who left two chairs opposite to each other by the radiator in Miss B-- ' s classroom should have remembered that inanimate objects often tell eloquent stories. (The Sunbeam, March 1901) LADIES DON ' T RUN TO FIRES During the last month or two Whitby has been the scene of several disastrous fires. . . . , The latest fire was the Catholic Church. This Term bill for Sheriff Reynolds ' daughter, 1875, t¥hMu, - ch. 7f ' h., ' - -r. . COXDfTIOXS OF A DM ! SSIOS All payments in ad- i nnci ' , oiiti notici of half n irrw hcfore n pnpU can he removed, exttft for I llness, Third Term. No. • Bm s! from . (To ntirio Rabies ' Collcgt. Kiiol. lights. iiitd washing. Do,,.,., .................... Single Ucd, IiniilentaSs. attendance. ic.. Do Instrumental Music- Luly teacher.........; Do. Mr, Torrington, private Do. Do. in class Vocal Lessons Do. private Do. Do. in class Use of Piano,... ...hour 1 i Drawing.... Painting Wax Work Care of School Room. 0 12 7 ' Commencement Exercises. 0ITAHI8 LADIHS ' COLLEGE. j f M , I, ' ' . . I ' lM ' iti:v. .1. .1. iiAiti:. ■•r ' - i iiitti. ! ! .. HVMX AND I ' R. ■!•;K II. : iU II. 1 J li.tmlsi S,,.;s, ., II iv .(». It. I{ iii -Ii. i:Muli«li. I . Itt ' iiiM ' ll. 4 lor ill no. I ' . I i -li;i r l» iii. Hiifl A. Iliiiiii IKiii. Ill, .. TH1-: Ki-:. i)!. (; s s ws MISS sroTT. (. ' , " ' Mi,I () V1 ' .I.I„ Sri. WILSON. Mil " i S ' l . , ■ ,., tl ' :irl , ' M l- s s N IM USdN I ■ , ! " r!, AO Oi , K 1 l. i " ri-., lU lii.iviinr.i. . l isscv l)i£iitii -. It, lt »i«-U. ' |i-. hikI I.H { III ■ ! . V. OiN! ' 1:KR1XC. Ol- diflom.vs, M.i: 1... • . Ml ■ Ml IKlW Kl.l.. USS 1 U, . -M n i l. H(-,UKi l W ;.. M IUS( N. I.. U II s(i VI. SdXC; ■ t ' aptu-, (Jrrck Girl. ' .■AAv. ' n. . u M:i I i. 01 .MllvVis. Dls I l.:nu [ U S Ol- 1 ' K I ,■ f A . vul. Pi, X() SOLO -L i Kipiditr. - ir. r. ir..-. ,;., . lisK nnrtin. i X. . l !)l;f)ss(.s l.S Kl A . i-.. 1; VKU-.ON. I-L. I 1. . . W. J Ki II Ks. D.l)., Rkv. I-:. l . H.xKi ' KK.M. V.. A; Ri.v, i:. li. u u i. D.iK X. i ' l.vxo QU. KTi-: r ri-:. ..•■stahat Matci, ■ kossua. Hs« « ' H Kublnson. Ilioiii. ;«■«■« an«l Jliirliii. ;oj sji ' i: i in-: (ji fks : .SCf.UT (111 ' Nr-iN ' ' -. i ' .1 M .li t ■. ' . " TH. nt, . ' t V H •l,.ui IS, ...x 1.-,, ; , r, ui ' . ' , - Program for Commencement Exercises, 1879. HOCKEY IS POPULAR For the first time our girls have taken hockey sticks in their hands and though we have but scanty time for practice, we are endeavor- ing to see what can be done on ice. We do not expect to join the OHA or challenge the " Wellingtons " this year, but at least we can have some fun out of it. (Vox Collegii, Jan. 1902) OLD MAGAZINES " Old things are best, " but we did not feel bad at having what was left of the December magazines removed from the reading room last week. That reminds me of some of the gentlemen who attended the recent convention in Whitby who noticed the girls in the reading room read- ing last year ' s papers. (Vox Collegii, Jan. 1902) PROHIBITION SUPPORTED On the day of the recent election, posters could be seen in the college telling of an election to be held at the college at 2 p. m. when all were seriously asked to vote. The question was considered quite solemn and important. There were posters with cartoons against the liquor traffic and printed over all descriptions while those who were most inter- ested wore the white bow as the symbol of the side of the question which they upheld. Many more than half the number voted and as pro- hibition carried by a majority of 107 votes, we can consider our college to be a prohibition instutution. (Vox Collegii, Dec. 1902) WHAT OLC STANDS FOR If our college has stood for anything it has stood for character-building and the high ideals of life. It has been our conviction that any carelessness and laxity of religious thought and feeling with the consequent lowering of the standards of duty and honor, would not only be suicidal to the interests of students, but would tend to the weakening and overthrow of the college itself. To promote a healthy, moral and religious sentiment, morning and evening prayers, weekly Bible classes. Christian Association and other meetings were regularly maintained. (Principal ' s report, Dec. 1902) A COLLEGE EDUCATION FOR WOMEN If we know what a woman ' s life work should be then we may state the kind of education she needs. It is pretty well conceded that woman should not compare with man in wage earning. The lowering of wages and the inability of fathers to support their families have caused much dissatisfaction. So bitter is the feeling in some places that a woman is not employed though she may be far superior to the man engaged. Then, in higher education in the United States the larger universities are now preparing separate education for women iDecause the idea of competition, even in literary work is becoming repugnant. If the great thinkers and educators have come to this idea through experience, then competi- tion with men in all departments of work must be abandoned. Tennyson sounded this note years ago, and he was a great teacher. It will be difficult with our present manner of living to regulate the family and society to again allow the man to be the wage-earner. Woman in former times felt herself a slave to circumstances because she could not plan her life. The pendulum has swung very far since then, but the turning point is coming, and with the rich knowledge and experience she may now turn to that which is more natural to herself and again become the homemaker. Ruskin ' s idea of a woman ' s education will yet dominate the thinking world--trained to please and help. When any one is pleased the object giving the pleasure becomes a teacher or a leader. A woman who can please has won the hearts of those around her. When she can help, she becomes the savior of mankind. .... To this end a university curriculum for a woman should have, beside some literary work, some study of music, some of art, and some of household economics. A degree given in such work may not be valuable in the money market, but the home would be brighter and more attractive. (Nettie Burkholder, in Vox Collegii, Jan. 1903) Tennis and croquet are again " in full swing. " These are the days when everyone lives out of doors. The girls are practising for the tournaments to be held here on May 25th and also in hope that there will be a senior and junior contest in the school before June. We should be very grateful for the op- portunity of enjoying these games. Our grounds are the largest of any ladies ' college in Ontario, and we get full benefit of them because we are allowed to use them. They certainly are used with four tennis courts and three croquet courts, to the best advantage possible. (Vox Collegii, May 1903) DOMESTIC SCIENCE NOT A FAD Dr. Hare, ex-president of the Canadian Club, gave a dinner to the members of the club at the College, on Friday evening. The deli- cious repast was prepared, cooked and served solely by the Domestic Science class, under the able direction of their clever preceptress Miss Diem. Some of the gentlemen who had been wont to regard Domestic Science as a fad, professed themselves converts to the new educational idea, an admission which was scarcely necessary in view of what had oc- curred This is only one of the many ways in which the influence of the college will be felt in the homes of the future, until the dream of Ruskin is realized, and all taskwork be- comes a gracious and delicate art. (Vox Collegii, June 1906) A FINE ART DEPARTMENT A strong feature of the college is the Art Department. Thirty years ago in the infancy of Art Education in Canada, the college took strong ground in favor of sound teaching in opposition to the superficial and really useless, though showy systems then in vogue- -and since then the teachers of the department have never faltered in their determination to keep to sound principles and methods in accord with the best thought of the age. The studio is large, well lighted and amply furnished with models, casts, objects and draperies, from which, with fruit and flowers A gathering at the annual Conversazione in the Concert Hall, February 1907. the pupils are taught form, effects of light, color and composition- -being continually led forward to such observation and portrayal of the facts and phenomena of nature as will enable them to appreciate more fully, and to express, as far as in them lies, the wealth of beauty that surrounds them in all the creation of God. No copying is allowed; all the work done is original and the studio being open every work- ing day, opportunity is given for study as con- tinuous as the time of the pupils will allow. (Vox Collegii, June 1910) THE ORIGIN OF THE MAY QUEEN Many years ago in England the first day of May was set aside as " May Day " and everyone looked forward eagerly to the festivities which they knew would take place. Among the most prominent features of the day was the crowning of the " May Queen. " The most popular young lady of the village was chosen Queen and crowned with a wreath of flowers before the merry throng of onlookers. The custom was carried on in England for a number of years, but gradually died out and was finally forgotten. However, after some hundreds of years, the custom was revived again by none other than John Ruskin, the English writer. This time the idea was car- ried out by Ruskin in ladies ' colleges and schools. To the young lady who was crowned Queen by her associates, Ruskin presented a gold cross. To be a " May Queen " meant more now than it did then. A girl must not only be the best student, but well developed physically by athletic sports and of a genial disposition but above all, she must be a moral and spirit- ual girl. (Vox Collegii, Dec. 1910) THE ARRIVAL OF G.D. ATKINSON Mr. Atkinson, also of the Toronto Con- servatory of Music, has taken the position held by Mr. Harrison, and he is a very worthy successor. Mr. Atkinson is organist and choir leader of (a) Methodist Church (in) Toronto and the fact his choir having taken " Earl Grey ' s Trophy, " speaks most highly of him. During the summer Mr. Atkinson has been taking a special course of study with one of the great masters in Germany, and he has returned home renewed with energy to do his best for those studying with him. We feel sure that great success is before our new musical director. (Vox Collegii, Oct. 1911) THE WAR BEGINS What are we in OLC doing? Can we live in comfort and ease, forgetful of the misery of this gallant people (the Belgians) to whom Europe and the world owe a debt they can never repay ? Well, most of us are knitting, most of us are giving monetary help. We are already in a position to send a cheque for sixty dollars to the Belgian Relief Funds. On November 6, we intend to give a concert which we hope will make us able to give other relief work. But with all this, have we yet realized the magnitude of the occasion? (Miss Taylor in Vox Collegii, Oct. 1914) View from window of May Day exercises, 1923. (Turn upside down to see letters) The hay ride to Corbett ' s Point after May Day exercises, C. 1909. THE PATRIOTIC SOCIETY Since the society was organized the girls have done splendid work. Nearly everyone in the college is knitting and some exceedingly creditable scarfs and belts have been handed in. We have already sent off one bundle of work; another will go this week. This second consignment will include at least 30 scarfs, 3 pairs of wristlets, one pair of socks, six knitted belts and 3-| dozen woven belts. Our total income to date is $192. 55. Our total expenditure to date $186. 65. Balance $9. 50. (Vox Collegii, Dec. 1914) DR. HARE RETIRES Dr. Hare has created a great institution of learning. He holds the highest place in the reverent affection of those who have been his disciples. He has made for himself hosts of friends. He has been a living and active power for righteousness in the community and state. He is one of the few men whose career contra- dicts the saying of the Greek sage that " no man can be pronounced happy before his death. " for of him it may fairly be said that he has lived long enough to see the accomplish- ment of all his ambitions and the realization of all his hopes. (Vox Collegii, June 1915) THE WAR ENDS November eleventh nineteen eighteen is a date that puts a period to the most gruesome sentence in World History. After our animal spirits had subsided we all felt the necessity of expressing our deeper thankfulness and with this end in view, a short service was held in the concert hall under the guidance of Mr. Farewell. (Vox Collegii, Dec. 1918) THE 1918 FLU EPIDEMIC The annual Halloween Masquerade was held on the evening of November 1st in the Assem- bly Hall. Owing to the quarantine conditions it was viewed only by the faculty and members of the household. (Vox Collegii, Dec. 1918) A SPECIAL MAY DAY Additional interest was lent this year by the fact that the annual address on " The Ideal Woman " was delivered by Rev. Dr. J.J. Hare, Principal Emeritus of the College, who for forty-one years guided the destinies of the institution and who holds a very warm place in the hearts of all friends and graduates of the College. It is not too much to say that the address delivered by Dr. Hare was probably the finest ever heard on the subject at this annual occasion and there have been many outstanding addresses given. This very high and well deserved honor (of being elected May Queen) fell to the lot of Cort Reynolds, one of our seniors and a granddaughter of Sheriff Reynolds who built the castle which is now our well-beloved college. Cort is a very highly esteemed and dearly loved citizen of our school community. (Vox Collegii, June 1921) A VISIT BY L.M. MONTGOMERY I am sure that everyone has read one or other of the " Anne " books by L. M. Montgomery. On May 6th Mrs. Montgomery Macdonald came to the college and read us some of her own writings including a letter from the last of the " Anne " books which is now being completed. She told us she was beginning a new series of books. 1 am sure we are all looking forward to reading these as we did the " Anne " books. Mrs. Montgomery Macdonald and we shall not soon forget the one who has given us so much pleasure. (Vox Collegii, June 1921) BLISS CARMEN VISITS OLC We saw a man obviously in later middle life, grey haired, extraordinarily tall and thin. The first wedding in Grace Chapel. wearing spectacles, whose face was drawn and lined. His appearance added another element to our imagination and respect for him. We realized that criticism and neglect had not been unknown to the genius, who had made a contribution to Canadian poetry of which any nation might be proud. Mr. Carmen read to us for an hour and a half, some things which we all knew and loved, a few not yet published and others which were a delightful discovery, and which became dear to us, though we had not known of them before. We are perhaps not yet competent to judge the work of our great fellow countryman, but we do know that the sheer beauty of the songs he read to us lifted us high above all other thought throughout the entire evening. I do not believe the old concert hall, which has heard so much of loveliness in so many forms ever held a more entranced audience than upon that evening. (Vox Collegii, June 1924) THE TRADITIONAL BONFIRE At the end of (Class Day) the girls parted, but not for long, only to meet again in the twilight around the bonfire. The Seniors sang their song, and then charged down forming a circle around the fire. They remained there while each one, chanting an original verse, tossed on the fire the bane of her studies here. Then the Juniors sang their sweet and touching farewell song, which was becoming more laden with feeling as the day of parting drew near. (Vox Collegii, June 1925) BACCALAUREATE SUNDAY Promptly at six-fifteen we left for the Methodist Church. The faculty walked first and were followed by the student body led by the Junior President dressed in white. When the faculty and students entered their pews, they remained standing while the graduates, wearing their caps and gowns, proceeded slowly down the aisle to the pews beautifully decorated with flowers and white ribbon. The Junior President cut the ribbon, thus allowing the graduates to take the seats reserved for them. (Vox Collegii, June 1925) A TRIBUTE TO MR. FAREWELL During the difficult years of the war, Mr. Farewell ' s previous experience in business and finance was a great help to him and he succeeded in keeping open the doors of the college, where many others were obliged to close. Under his competent guidance the college progressed until, when he was so suddenly taken from us, he left an up-to-date equipment, an excellent staff and a waiting list of students. In furnishing the Common Room, Mr. Farewell realized one of his dreams. Every article of furniture was selected with loving care and each new addition increased his delight. To the girls who knew Mr. Farewell, the com- fort and beauty of this room will always bring memories of his intense interest in anything which would make for the happiness of the students. Mr. Farewell was essentially modern in his outlook. He fostered the honor system in all activities of the school. He ruled by affection rather than discipline. The girls looked upon him more as a father than as a principal as instanced in their affectionate nickname of " Daddy. " Mr. Farewell placed an unlimited confidence in all around him, which called forth the best in everyone with whom he came in con- tact. He was remarkable for his tolerance and kindly consideration for those in all ranks and stations of life. He never failed in his uniform courtesy and the tribute which has most fre- quently been paid him is that " he was at all times the Christian gentleman. " (Vox Colle gii, June 1928) " THE DEAR OLD MAN " To those of us who have been at OLC for the past few years Mr. (R.C. ) Hamilton was " The dear old man " who always visited the school on Board meeting days, and who was always present to watch with interest any performance which was presented by the OLC girls. Although he had two daughters and two granddaughters who attended the school, he took pleasure out of having a personal interest in all the students, and the girls in return always treated him with respect and a certain dignity, which he, by his gracious manner, inspired in them. (Vox Collegii, June 1929) A JAPANESE DINNER Thanks to our little friend Hana Fukuda, the Senior Class busied themselves one evening with preparing and partaking of a most novel dinner. The food was cooked in Japanese style and most interesting of all, was eaten with chopsticks. At first it didn ' t seem as though we ' d get very much to eat, but in due time the foreign custom somewhat rudely mastered, we succeeded in having a most sumptuous and appetizing meal. (Vox Collegii, June 1931) HARD TIMES It was our desire not to mention " Depres- sion " in the pages of our Yearbook. However, this became impossible when Father Hard Times made himself supervisor of our staff and took charge of all proceedings. In the first place he refused to allow us to have a hard cover. We argued fluently and well, but to no avail. His logic won the victory and our book is bound in heavy paper. Next, he ruthlessly subtracted pages from our usual allotment, leaving us bewildered, to do our best with very limited space. Till the last he has kept a stern and cautious eye on all our actions. We could arrange nothing without his approval. (Vox Collegii, June 1932) THE FIRST CHRISTMAS PAGEANT OLC witnessed this year an event which has promise of becoming a school tradition- -the Christmas Pageant. Choirs and songs were industriously practised beforehand under the merry supervision of Mr. Atkinson. On the great night itself the concert hall was artistically decorated with streamers and bells. Tables were placed along both sides and one end of the room, and the only light was that of candles. For the occasion we had as guests, Mr. Atkinson ' s Choir from Toronto, and many members of the College Board of Directors. The main feature of the evening was the Boar ' s Head Procession made up of pages and candle lighters, wise men and singers, an archer, a jester, and the all-important cook. (Vox Collegii, June 1932) A BOARDING SCHOOL DEFINED A boarding school is a miniature world, and life here is preparing us for the larger life and wider contacts. If we live successfully here, we shall probably live successfully any- where. If we fail to adjust ourselves to others in the school; fail to live helpfully in relations to them; fail to take our share of the common enterprises and activities of the school; we shall probably fail in the larger world which awaits, and life will not yield to us those treasures of contentment and happiness which it holds for those who understand its secret. (Dr. Carscallen in Vox Collegii, June 1936) THE SENIOR BREAKFAST PARTY The day finally dawned, not very brightly because it was raining, but not enough to dampen our ardour even if it did dampen our clothes a little. At seven-thirty all the seniors, ready for anything, met at the side door and proceeded to the back lane. Due to the rain the fire was unwilling to go, but under Keene ' s guiding hand was soon blazing merrily where- upon everybody armed with a long stick, pieces of bread and bacon attended to the needs of their " inner man. " We almost had hamburgers too, as the cows came sauntering past, but Billie and Quincy were as scared of them as they were of us, so discouraged any designs we might have had. Bea Bullen presented Miss Taylor with " The Flowering Earth, " (a book) on behalf of the class, then we set out for home in high spirits. (Vox Collegii, June 1940) A WARTIME MESSAGE In these times we who are not in the active forces or in the front lines are apt to wonder what we can do. There is much we can do by simply carrying on in the place we find our- selves and doing our work as well as we can, rather than to repine for some greater thing to do. We get restless in wartime and any change seems attractive to us but restlessness is a spirit to be resisted, and my message to you this year, if you cannot find direct war work to do, is just to carry on in the place where duty finds you, no matter how simple and unimportant may seem your job, for it is by the combined faithfulness of the British people in carrying on in their common and simple tasks that this war will be won. (Dr. C.R. Carscallen in Vox Collegii, June 1941) DEDICATION TO MISS MAXWELL Annie Allison Maxwell came to OLC in 1915, and gave the college twenty-nine years of devoted and distinguished service. What that service has meant to the school can never be adequately estimated. But the fine reputa- tion which the school has always enjoyed is due in great part to her high qualities of character and administration. The esteem with which she is held in educational circles and the affection with which she is regarded by hundreds of former students have combined to make the name of OLC honored and beloved not only in Ontario but all over Canada and in many distant parts of the world. (Vox Collegii, June 1945) A TRIBUTE TO TRAFFY (DR. CARSCALLEN ' S DOG) However his idea of his responsibilities and interests were all this time growing wider and his awareness of the college programme more complete. He never made the mistake of ap- pearing for the morning walk on Saturdays or Sundays. He was punctual at the eleven o ' clock interval for bread and butter; he knew as early as anybody if a sleigh ride were being planned. Perhaps he felt at these times more completely one with the group than on any other occasion, as he sat up near the driver with the students huddled about him, an arm about his shoulders, a companiable word of praise or endearment in his ears. (Miss Maxwell, in Vox Collegii, June 1947) ONTARIO LADIES ' COLLEGE - CENTENNIAL EVENTS 1974 «« January 11th February 23rd March 3rd April 19th May 25th May 29th June 2nd June 15th 16th September 14th September 15th October 17 th 1 8th November 2nd December 8th December 13th Charles Hayter on " Robert Service " Invitational Debate (Ten schools debating) Duo Piano Team Reginald and Evelyn Bedford Centennial Ball May Day Garden Party Open House Class Day Trafalgar Sunday (Dr. Osborne) Alumnae Reunion Weekend Commencement Service of Thanksgiving and Rededication House Plays Oldtime Bazaar and Fashion Show Candlelight Service Christmas Dinner Friday at 7:30 p.m. Saturday 2:00 to 8:30 p.m . Sunday at 8:00 p.m. Friday at 8:30 p.m. Saturday at 2:00 p.m. Wednesday 7:00 to 9:00 p.m. Sunday at 2:00 p.m Sunday at 4:00 p.m Saturday and Sunday Saturday at 2:00 p.m. Sunday at 4:00 p.m. Thursday and Friday at 7:30 p.m. Saturday 2:00 to 5:00 p.m. Sunday at 7:30 p.m. Friday at 6:30 p.m. Centennial Lieutenant-Governor Our Guest i Ball Pauline McGibbon f Honour Sixteen former May Queens from 1913 to 1972 came from as far away as Montreal, New York and Virginia to attend ceremonies in honour of the College ' s centennial. For the 68th year the students of O.L.C. danced around the Maypole in honour of their May Queen. Sharon Lunn, Elaine Jolly and Mary Rundle expressed great interest in a series of readings from the works of Robert Service by Charles Hayter. Dr. Davis principal of O.L.C. congratulates Evelyn and Reginald Bedford Canadian duo-pianist, who performed as part of the College ' s centennial celebrations. Ontario Ladies ' College came alive with history over the week- end as hundreds of women returned to their Alma Mater. The celebrations marked the 100th anniversary, since the college was first sold for a school in 1874. Left to Right: Mrs. Cort (Reynolds) Jewett, who is the granddaughter of Sheriff Reynolds who built the castle, made a special trip for the reunion. Mrs. Olive HoUiday Denyes, 1914 May Queen, and Mrs . Marilyn Reader Broughton look through old photos . In attendance were Alumnae from every province of Canada, seven states of the United States, as well as Mrs. Holden Pilkington from England, granddaughter of James Holden, the first president of the Board of Directors of the College. Groups shown are former students (Top to Bottom) 1960-1968, 1945-1960, - 1925, (Beneath) 1925-1945. 1 I I I ' fnter ' col leg late press

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