Towson University - Tower Echoes Yearbook (Towson, MD)

 - Class of 1939

Page 1 of 696


Towson University - Tower Echoes Yearbook (Towson, MD) online yearbook collection, 1939 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 696 of the 1939 volume:

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Here are the results: 1 CAMELS were found to contain MORE TOBACCO BY WEIGHT than the av- erage for the 15 other of the largest-selling brands. 2 CAMELS BURNED SLOIVER THAN ANY OTHER BRAND TESTED - 2502 SLOXVER THAN THE AVERAGE TIME OF THE 15 OTHER OF THE LARGEST-SELLING BRANDS! By burn- ing 2552 slower. on the average, Camels give smokers the equivalent of 5 EXTRA SMOKES PER PACK! 3 In the same tests. CAMELS HELD THEIR ASH FAR LONGER than the average time for all the other brands. In Camel cigarettes you have a case where choice quality and exlra IIIEKZJIIVE go along together. Better smoking-and more of it. Turn to Camels and enjoy to the full those long-burning, costlier to baccos-so mild and tasty! MORE PLEASURE PER PUFF MORE PUFFS PER PACK! Pemzy 01 P67111-jf your best cigfzrefte buy LONG BURNING COSTLIER TOBACCOS f 151 X 23 1 l 3' THE STAFF EDITORS EVELYN A. FIEDLER ICATIIERINE FEASER RICHARD CUNNINCHAM CIIIARLES GROSS CIRCULATION MANAGERS Esther Royston Margaret Heek Virginia Roop Norma Gainbrill ADVERTISING MANAGERS Elizabeth XXIQCIHS Tillie Gold Ieanette Iones Margaret Lowry BUSINESS MANAGERS Yvonne Belt Iohn Edward Koontz DEPARTMENT EDITORS Art Dorothy Snoops Alice Trott Miriam Kolodner Andrei' Pranrsehufer Marguerite XVIISOII Humor Katherine Iaeob Frances Shores Scieu ce Lee 1XIeCarriar Iohn Chileoat IHIIICS O'Connor Athletics Henry Steekler Service Station Ieanne Kravetz General Literature Nannette Trott Irma Sennhenn Patricia Herndon Music Sydney Baker Exchanges Mildred Hainent F ash io 115 Marie Parr Dorothv Sisk LBLLIALIJ Vol 11111 1 OCTOBER- 1939 1 111-1 C 0 N T E N T S ON HUBIAN FREEDOIXI Z PACE To THE FRESHBIEN . 3 CHANGES . . . 4 IYIEET THE NEW FACULTY 5 IXIOTHERS FOR RANSOINI . 7 A CUBAN XVEDDINC 8 TRIOS OF TEACHERS . 9 CALIFORNIA AS I SAXV IT 10 THE BEST TRIP EVER 10 lXIARTHA,S V INEYARD 11 XZAGABONDING BY BIKE 12 I SHALL TEACH . . 12 IVIAN WITHOIIT NULIBER 13 XRIALKING lX'lUSEU1XI . 1-1 VVOIXIENlS HATS . 1-I POEEXIS . . 15 EDITORIALS .... 16 THE LIBRARY-AT YOUR SERVICE . 17 rl'IIE CLUBS .... IS "SNICIcS" 21 So YVIIAT . . . Z1 IN OUR IXIAILBOX .... 23 IDICRIOCRACY IN THE CAIXIPUS SCHOOL 2-1 IIO-I-IUM ..... 25 CAN IT HAPPEN HERE? . 27 Cafhcfmc Paula 5111111611 511811111111 FASHION FLASHES . ZS N11 Cl' 1 '1 ,, O lu llpmm College Events ILPHAPHS ' 33 Library Helen Picek ADvER'I'ISExIEN'rS 30 Elizabeth Zentz Elizabeth Melendez .-Xuclrev Horner Howard Stottleinever ., 3 , H N Doris 'Klank Mary Brashears ' DESIGN ON P11111 J - 1 LUC11 Elm MMF' D1 PCPPC N1111C5'Mfff2E6f SNAPSIIOTS ON PAGE 21 . . LCC BICCQIIIIQII Editorial gfmfgiggflgffw TIIE TOXVER LIGHT is published monthly - October Samuel Hofflim, through Iune - by the Students of the State Teachers College 11111105 ICH at Towson, Maryland ......I.. ALICE MUNN - - Managing Editor 551.50 PER YI-:AR . 20 CI-NIS PIER CKTIFX' 012 gfumcuz gjqeedom I 4 LENA C. VAN BIBBER A, ,fx i' v I V1 I ll i I -1 TH E AVO R D freedom embodies an inspiring thought. It has been the theme of poets as well as of patriots. XVe lovingly call our country "the land of the free"g and when internal strife tore us asunder. both sides held that they were fighting for freedom. Even dictators, whose nationals know no kind of liberty but the "liberty. of obedience." conduct their attacks on other nations on the pretext of "freeing"I I their "blood brothers" from oppression. Germans must be freed from the cruel tyranny of the Czeehsg XVhite Russians from wicked Poles! Yet freedom cannot be an absolute termg and it behooves us at this time to giver some thought to this abstraction. and to ponder our own attitude toward freedom. XVhat is freedom? XVhy do I want it? For whom do I want it? Can real freedom ever be attained? Can all men ever be free? And if so. can man be free in both body and spirit? A little heartsearching concerning the above questions can do us no harm.- Wfbat is freedom? Ir it a path or a goal? It becomes perfectly apparent, when one talks of freedom. that one can do so only if one makes mental reservations. For in-j stance. one yearns for 'tfreedomu to pursue some train of thought unhampered. Re- move all external interference. but there still lurk within the citadel, intangible obsta- cles that still hinder success - ignorance. prejudices. enslaving habits! uXArfCtCll6ClI man that I am." exclaimed Saint Paul. desperately realizing that his own traitorous weakness held him bound. 'Awho shall deliver me from the body of this death?" Wfby do I want freedom? Freedom from what? It is plain that this idea of free- dom. unaccompanied by promise of concrete satisfaction. leaves one in a vacuunmli Shall I ask freedom from pain? Simply being without pain is a negative eonditiong 'A ' r it. in itself. cannot mean happiness. Shall I demand freedom from work, from stress ' and strain, from ill treatment? Granted these releases. do they not merely lead one to an open door? But what is beyond? T For whom do I want freedom, liberty? Can real freedom ever be attained? Can A all men ever be free? The question, "for whom" is even more vital than "for what." 5 j. Perhaps the noblest cry for liberty ever uttered came from the French. who in thei if days of revolution demanded not liberty alone. nor liberty for only one class. They 3 asked for liberty accompanied by equality and fraternity. Patrick Henry's "Give me A liberty or give me death!" would not have lived on had not this slogan been uttered as the rallying call of a whole aspiring people. After all. just a negative appeal for one's own rights. onc's own release from un- just burdens is not enough. We live in a world in which humans press one upon '7 another. Many thc world over suffer injusticeg many souls are dcadened by fear. and!- hatred and prejudice. Everywhere. a cry goes up for freedom from all these destroyf A ing forces. But mere release will signify little. even if it is spiritual freedom. For freedom can only be the beginning. It must lead on to constructive happiness for alfl classes. For the attainment of this exalted liberty there must be leadership. Carj A education provide it? f i TOWER LIGHTQ C , 4 4.451 I T ,J nf l 49 if-i ty ru. l'reshmen. and to all other new students. We, the uppereclassnien. extend a warm and sincere wel- come with the hope that your college life shall be a great success. l T The Freshmen l FRANCES SHORES -i1'HE TIN E has now come when we Sophomores can iaettle down to the peace and comfort of normal liying. Zllhis time last year we were a bunch of rather giddy Freshnien who. in the quaudary caused by new sur- oundings, did things that often changed the shades of pur coniplexions. But now. so we think. time has left its Quark on us. You may not agree but be tactful when you yell us so. Howeyer, it must be admitted that one of our aumber overfstepped her bounds when she approached Si staid Senior and asked her if this was her first year in pur institution of learning. Being a Freshman is really food for one's ego. You are -ii a sense the center of the stage. whether you like it pr not. First of all, you are contiually assailcd by an in- izstimable number of questionnaires which giyc you ,nental eruptions froiu figuring out how many hours ffou spend on the street car, how many hours you study, laid how many hours you spend in the library. Some- times you tell the truthg sometimes you dou't. 'l'he:1 ihere are those innumerable deyiccs for getting ac- EJCTOBER . 1939 , , S QT o -xii i: . fi AWW x 6116553 'I f , 2 - 3 N i 8 V 7: AEN y E.R.E1-STE quainted. You shake hands, smile. and balance teacups until it becomes mechanical, but all in all it is a lot of fun. For awhile yet you'll probably be running into the wrong places at the wrong time. Your intrusions will bc tolerated. We did the same thing. ln your Hrst few days of Library use you probably wondered what kind of night preceded the dawn of Deweyk decimal system. Perhaps you still are wondering. but it won't last forever. So. when all is said and done, we hope you lireslnnen haye a grand and glorious year. We did. but now we must settle down to obscurity. And. on the side. we proltably will be a little jealous because we cant blame our future mistakes on "new adjustments." 3 lfft. Qvttlfi FUTILITY BIARGUERITE SIMMONS, '34 VVIICII the sky shall be filled with brittle wings And the sun slant back metallic rays- hlan, like all former humankind, Shall lift tremulous, aching arms To embrace beyond the empty sky And know not why his dull machines Do not suiiice to case or still The spirit's ancient hungering for home. T HIS ARTICLE is written mainly for those who have come and gone. They should know how the place has changed. Perhaps it will lessen the shock they will receive should they return. Therefore, I dedicate this guide to S. T. C. with - "The old order changeth . . ." Do you remember the scramble for books in the Li- brary at threeg the tight squeeze in getting through to Miss I-Iolt's magazine dispensaryg the skimpy desks in front of the Libraryg the crowded highways and byways in Dr. VVest's Science Lab.g the bang of lockers on the third Hoorg the crowded Cafeteria? All that has changed! But, before you drop a tear. consider the change. Indeed, S. T. C. has done itself proud. Our Library is vast and overpowering. The spaciousness of our mag- azine rooni, which is ensconced on the third floor, is sini- ilar to the wide open spaces. A new desk l and what a deskllj for checking books adorus the hall. The stacks of books are rearranged in excellent taste. CNote: I won- I A Q I I W i .C .i li 'il ' i P . I J der if even Miss Yoder knows where the 3ZO's are?j The ll entire Library is now conducive to quiet reading andl intensive study. The Science Lab. has moved down the hall to the Cafeteria and there, with wide-Hung splendor, assails the eye. Surely Dr. VV est will need a niegaphone in or- der to have his words of wisdom heard throughout the room. Because of the upheaval caused by the general im- provements, rooms long identified with certain teachers are theirs no longer. Miss Bader and Miss Van Bibber, i A E I .- I 'P 'I lil -V s, . l Dr. Crabtree and Miss Munn have picked up their be- I M will longings and moved to diiiferent realms. No longer are lockers on the third floor: they are ar-I ranged neatly along the walls of the ground floor. Thus, the vista is enlarged and the classrooms and halls of the upper Hoor take on an added dignity. 'ri ,Li ,ll i I XV e eat amid the beauty of Tudor Gothic architec-, i ture. County and city students may now enjoy the pleas- ure of eating together in the dormitory. This brings about a closer feeling of unity in spirit among the stu- dents. New faces are seen in every room and two new faculty members have joined the throng. True. the place doesn't seem the same. yet a saineness is there-that steadfastness of purpose, sincerity of be- liefs, friendliness of atmosphere. and a genuinely whole- some outlook on life. TOWER LIGHT J. I l r IW L. I r 0 MEET THE NEW EACULTY 1 l 5 coMProN N. CROOK KENNETH MILLER r jTH E S TA E F of the Towisiz Lrer-rr, in requesting that il prepare a summary of my background and my impres- L sions of the State Teachers College, has unwittingly I . jzommitted an act of cruelty that should be reported promptly to the S. P. C. A. However. the following may, berhaps, show it the error of its ways, so that it will ivrite its own summaries in future. I was born a mimber of years ago down in the exten- :ive swainpland country of western Tennessee. This en- j1lfO1l1HCHtlCflf a lasting mark. From the woods, swamps, jrnd mountains I have since acquired the greater portion if my education, regardless of the fact that six years in lleorge Peabody College for Teachers netted me two jlegrees and a respectable start on a third, the privilege pf working with a truly great biologist and teacher, and undry information about the world of books. L As a teacher I now have a personal alumni group of oerhaps a thousand students. Many of these are now Quceessful teachers. At least one is in jail. I have taught jn the Appalachain State Teachers College in North Car- jilina, the School of Education of XVestern Reserve Uni- hersity, Cleveland, Ohio, and in the laboratory school jrf the College of XVilliam and Mary in Virginia. In all lit these I have been concerned with the teaching of sci- jznce in the grades and in high school. In addition, I rave served the National Park Service for six summers s ranger naturalist, in the Yellowstone and Rocky jxflountain National Parks. I..eeturing, hiking, mountain ilimbing, museum preparation, and ecological research jre some of the duties of the ranger naturalist. In ind studying that very interesting biological phenome- ddition, he has unparelled opportunities for observing anon, the American Tourist. Iyly impressions of the State Teachers College are jrniformly pleasant. Faculty and students have united jo make me feel a part of the institution from the day arrived. I have never been in a school atmosphere more jonducive to good work. XVhat better inducements can fre found to make Environmental Science as useful, jleasant, and applicable as possible? l!CTOBER - 1939 An Interview IT IS A pleasure to meet some people. Mr. Miller. our new English teacher, opened his interview in such an informal way that immediately I felt he had been with us for a long time. His cordial manner encouraged me to ask many, many questions, and all were answered freely. Our conversation covered many fields - international affairs, current literature, our friendly college academic freedom, professional ethics and the "Tutor System" at Harvard. The interviewer discovered a variety of things about the instructor. Ile has studied in the XVest at Ohio XVes- leyan University, and in the North at Syracuse Univer- sity and at Harvard. Mr. Miller has travelled in England and Germany. Creek literature has been a subject of extreme interest to him. He has spent a great deal of time pondering on professional ethics and has high standards in regard to teaching. Certainly the State Teachers College welcomes Mr. Nliller and hopes his high standards are realized. HARRIETT WELLS XV O U L D YQ U like to have some help in developing better study habits? XVhether you're a Freshman or an upper-classinan. just take your woes to Miss XVells. the new staff member in the Dormitory. Miss XVells is as- sisting with staff duties and acting as a counsellor in study problems. CI understand that themes and home- sickness seem to be the greatest problems thus farfl Miss XVells has spent several years teaching English. and at present is working for her Masters degree in ed- ucation at the johns Hopkins University. This academic background makes Miss XVells well qualified to help solve the study problems of all students. Besides her work at the Dormitory. our assistant likes all sports, particularly tennis. golf, badminton. and swim- ming. She comes to us from our rival peach-producing state, Michigan, and we're willing to admit that the com- petition is keen. YVC welcome Miss XVells to the Dormitory, and we hope her stay will be a joyous and successful one. 5 Richard Yardley An Interview IYIADELINE CABELL "Y O U INI I O H T say that I have a very untidy office." remarked Mr. Yardley. "l'his will give you an idea of my personal habits." On the floor were bits of paperg empty ink bottles could be seen almost everywhere. the desk was so littered that its top did not present one small patch to the air above it, and a coat was draped over the window sill. "A few months ago I had a visitor who put me very much to shame by telling me that the condition of my oflice was hopeless. I was so ashamed of my untidiness that I set to work immediately and house-cleaned vigor- ously. I put papers in the cupboard, threw away all the empty ink bottles. cleared my desk of its debris, and hung my coat on the rack for nearly a week. The funny part about it was that I didn't even miss the things on my desk which I had spent weeks in collectingf' Alas, much to Mr. Yardley's sorrow, no one has come since, and his oflice has now become as cluttered as ever before. A'Six years ago I drew two maps of Maryland for the Sunday Sun. I decided to have some fun with them. and, in this way. I started cartooningf' Ever since. he has been working on the Sunday paper and for four years on the morning paper. "I draw a cartoon and then hope and pray that the public will accept it. The next morning, I look at the paper and shudder to think that I could have ever produced such a thing." "There is usually a wealth of material in the daily news. XVhen there isn't, I take a very insignificant hap- pening and play it up. Then. too. I like to poke fun at my friends, Harry Nice and Mayor jackson." Mr. Yardley has been working on the newspaper ever since he began to earn his living. He has always written or drawn for the editorial page. "I like my work because it offers a great deal of freedom in that I can express my own ideas and work on my own time." He has had such interesting experiences as spending two or three days with the Oyster Fleet, viewing the Yankee Clipper, and attending meetings of the State Legislature. Legion parades, and national political conventions. His main objection to his vocation is night workg this fault he at- tributes to himself. His wife's chief objection is that he never gets home to dinner on time. "I have always lived in IXIaryland, more or less. and went to Friends School and the Maryland Institute. I went to the Institute three times and did about one weeks work during my entire stay there." He closed his eyes and leaned his something over two hundred pounds back in the chair. HI wish I could tell you something in- 6 teresting that I'vc done, but I have never rescued any- body or explored the wilds of darkest Africa. I have led the life of an average citizen. although I have had a few more opportunities than most people." One of Mr. YardIey's hobbies is traveling. "I especially enjoy going to Europe but one can't just pick up and E dash over during a week-end. Consequently. I haven't I been there for two years. One of the most trying ex-I periences which I have had was missing my boat train to Paris. I had to hire a car and race the train from Cher- 1 bourg. I made it. This may not sound hair-raising to you, ' but it was a trying experience for me. and I gained quite I a few gray hairs." Mr. Yardley has been to Cuba. He likes Florida and goes there often. He likes to travel any- where. even such short distances as to New York. XVash- ington, and Annapolis. ' "I go to New York frequently, and I have the typical yokel's idea of the big city - that one should see every- thing of interest and all the bright lights. I have many' friends who live out on Long Island. and I usually end up spending the evening with them. listening to the ra- dio. This I could easily have done at home." "I like cats." This explains why Mr. Yardley always has a cat following him in his cartoons. "I have two: one, a white cat with one brown eye and one blue one, and the other, a black cat. The black cat is from Ruxton, while the white one comes from the slums. The white cat from the slums has a very expensive appetite. It turns up its nose at oysters which are bought at the store in a carton and insists upon the best. fresh from the shell." "I am proud to say that all my editors are kind to ani- mals." remarked Mr. Yardley. UA stray police dog came I into the yard of the editor of The Morning Sun. It was Thanksgiving Day and the family prepared to sit down to a dinner consisting of turkey. dressing. and all thc things that go with such a dinner. There stood the dog' outside in the cold, looking in longingly at the window The dog came in and has been in ever since." As he ran his lingers through his hair. Mr. Yardlej said that he usually needed a hair-cut when people came to see himg but he had it done in a forty-cent barbe I shop in New York City. He also remarked that wheil I he got up, I would notice that his suit needed pressing .. His only regret was that he couldn't think of any r thing interesting which he had done. "I wish I coulf I. flatter myself by thinking of something out of the ord' I nary which I have doneg but I just can't. If you don, have enough. give me a ring. and I'Il make up a goo.. story for you." TOWER LIGH' 0 others For Ransom CATHERINE GRAY j Qlld. Note: This story is based on actual facts.j l jj' A S O N G U E R LIC K stared back over the widen- jing stretch of water at tl1e docks where stood his mother. xl-le waved a thin white hand in answer to a wisp of handkerchief and a grey head behind it. lt was a noble ihead, erect and stately, set delicately upon a gentle body. ,It was a head that had seen much trouble, much sacri- fice, many joys and now. disaster of a sort. jason was going to America. He was born in Bohemia, a place later to become a part of Czechoslovakia, and because of a 'job that led him to Germany, had taken his widowed mother to live in Emden near the sea. Several months ago a German friend had told him that the depression was not so bad in America. There was a depression, of course. but wasn't it all over the world? The standards of living were higher over there and it had been hard jsinee he had lost his job. There was no reason to go back to Czechoslovakia - no work - and both could not live on his mother's pension. That night he and his mother had talked. Many emotions came close to the surface during that conversation, but only cold facts Jroke through. So today, jason strained his eyes to get 1 last glimpse of the woman who must remain behind 1I'lCl wait: wait for money from America: wait for a son to come back with money enough to take her back :O her homeland. In the years that passed jason was not a brilliant suc- cess. but he had a S25 sales position in a downtown dc- oartment store. He lived alone: ate littleg enjoyed no lux- jiries. and banked the larger part of his salary. Gradually. sie became accustomed to the liberties in America - free jzpeeeh, free press - and his letters to his mother re- jilected the change. He became sensitive to the fact that iihe new ruler of Germany controlled the press there hnd that the German people learned only what they j.vere permitted to learn. He felt himself a privileged per- jzon every time he bought a newspaper or turned on fthe radio. Because of his mother's great desire to know pow he was and what his new surroundings were like. jie wrote letters telling her more and more about the lljtlnited States and gradually more and more about what ,ire had learned of Europe. One day a lightning bolt struck. A man sent thousands bf soldiers into a tiny country called Austria. lt seemed to climax a series of Germany's internal social rearrange- 'HDCTOBER . 1939 l'llC1lt El1lCl consequent expulsion of certain peoples. ja- so11 was shocked! hllusie by famous composers was burned! Books by immortal authors were destroyed! Diseoverers of great seientihe principles were driven from their l101'l1CSl jason wondered that his placid Ger- man friends could do such things, lt was impossible! Then came the crowning blow - his mother country absorbed! Poor jason and his American-German friends! He could contain himself no longer. Obviously his friends abroad and the great mass of people were being deceived. Their press and radio must be government- eontrolled. lt's too bad he forgot that censorship ex- tended over inore things than press and radio! The same night that found tl1e Slavs struggling, found jason and a Bund leader in a blistering argument. lm- mediately following this, he wrote to his mother in paf thetie tones - - - Dear Mother, VV hat has happened to my friends? XVhat are Fritz Humber and Otto, the butcher doing? ls the foot of this power-crazed man 011 their necks? Do you not know what is going on? Here in America. the German people are de- spised and it is because of one man .... Days passed. The ship that should have brought his mother's reply, returned to Germany. No letters. But. one day a large white envelope was delivered to jason. It was postmarked Germany. XV ith great curiosity jason ripped open the flap and read. His eyes fell on one sentence. 'Unless payment of S323 in American money is re- ceived. Mrs, Gerlick will remain at the ljmden Conf eentration Camp - indehnitely - for espionage." Espionage - an undiplomatie letter from abroad, jason fell into a state of semi-consciousness. His mother behind barbed wire: whipped: driven: subject to countless indignities: coarsely clothed: coarsely fed. He must get the money instantly. lt was simple. llc had saved much more than that. llc could have sent a thou- sand dollars - S25 was nothing. But wait. If it was nothing to him. it would be less to the German Govcrmnent. The Bund leader would know. Perhaps he would tell him something. They 7 fought. yes. but in a situation like this. the Nazi would know what to do. The Buud leader was amused. The German Govern- ment stoop to S25? Impossible! However. the govern- ment was not responsible for the action of its oflicers. If the censor received Iason's letter and letters of others like him. it would be a mere matter of cooperation with a Gestapo oticer to do a little profitable collecting. Then. that was worse! In a small place like Emden. the oiiicials ruled. Twenty-live dollars went back on the next boat to Emden. At Emdeu greedy hands took in many twenty- iives and sums in larger figures. There was a split of the loot and a check was placed by a name for that month. W .-. .r. ... -.- an -.- -Q- England declared war! German citizens refused passage on ships back! ... .i. .., .-. as -v- -.- -f Iason could not get back to Gemiany. He could not find out why there had been another white envelope. He could not understand why he had not heard from his mother again. uban Wedding IUANITA GREER OUR FIRST visit after arriving in Havana via Pan- American Airways was to Mercedes Church. an artistic treasure. famous for its age. lovely archways. pillars. and exquisite paintings. A monk spent eleven years of his life decorating the church with murals and frescoes. Vforkmen were busily shining brass. removing pews and making an improvised hedge on either side of the central aisle which extended the full length of the mass- ive church. When we inquired the meaning of all this. our guide explained that a very fashionable wedding was to take place there at 9 P. M. The daughter of a banker was to wed the son of a fabulously wealthy brewer. Our great enthusiasm prompted our guide to speak to the priest concerning the possibility of our attending the wedding. The priest was delighted at our interest. and we were shown to a side entrance where our guide told us we were to meet the Father at 8:30 that evening. Before the appointed hour our car was parked as near Mercedes Church as space would permit. which was blocks away. Vfe hurriedly followed our guide along narrow winding streets until we reached the designated entrance. Throngs of excited people gathered near the church. Scores of policemen milled around in the crowd trying to maintain order. XYe were escorted in great style into the interior of the church. An orchestra played soft music from a distant balcony. There were no pews. The green hedges were banked on the inside bv a solid mass of white flowers. Near the 8 hedge were gladiolas. next shaggy chrysanthemums, then a single row of gardenias lining each side of a grassy aisle. The altar was lighted by candles from twenty candel- abra arranged to fomi a cross. Soon the orchestra began to play the familiar wedding march and a maid of honor appeared beneath an arch at the rear of the church. Slowly she and the bridesmaids walked down the magniiicent aisle. Each was gowned in a chartreuse pen de lis frock. of a slightly deeper tone than the preceding one. and each carried a bouquet of orchids and wore a diamond necklace. Following them came the bride whose gown was of white crepe rosolba. Her long tulle veil was caught with a halo of brilliants. She. too. carried orchids. but white ones. and wore a diamond necklace, Almost miraculously the groom, the witnesses. and the parents of the bride and groom ap- peared. The audience gazed and moved about in the space on either side of the central aisle. In about twenty minutes the music became more lively and the figures began to descend from the altar. XVe realized that the wedding was over. I simply must add that we went to Sans Souci. very smart night club. immediately following the wed ding and were delighted to ind that the reception was being held there. Then. two days later. when we Hey back to Miami. Mr. and Mrs. lose Rionda were among our thirty-three passengers. - TOWER LIGHU Trios of Teachers y ruins G. IETT AT A TIME when established thoughts are being changed by new thinkers, education and consequently teachers seem to assume an air of radicalism. Three such periods are outstanding in history, and the present- T day effects of the last of these periods are so tremendous as to make it logical to consider this the beginning of a fourth era in the evolution of education. The slow drift toward civilization and the search for knowledge culminated in Greece, first of all. That search was long characteristic of mankind. Various schools of philosophy had been established in Greece by 500 B. C. These were, for the most part, philosophies of material- ism. The physicists, Demoeritus and Leueipus. were con- , cerned with the atomic structure of the universe. Others .wrote their theories of the "clockwork" of the universe. Into the midst of these thinkers came Socrates, the father of Greek Idealism. It is not the universe, but our- fselves which we must study, said he. Plato, his most ,brilliant follower, took the hint of the great teacher. iThe material universe became merely a concept in the minds of men. The "idea" was responsible for everything conceived-an extreme idealism, and far too extreme for the unready masses. So great was the hatred of change that Socrates was condemned to death because of his teachings, which, the Sophist said, "had poisoned the minds of the young men of Greece". Change must come slowly. Plato pub- lished The Dialogues years after Socrates had gone. This T publication was followed by The Republic. an expository T treatise on a Utopian form of political state. Meanwhile, Aristotle came under the influence of Plato's teachings. . The last of the great trio of Greek contemporaries, Aris- ' totle became an omniscient teacher - a physicist, biolo- r gist,zoologist, rhetorician, mathematician, and physician. i Even after Christ, the works of the great Greek teacher were the basis of science and literature. He had modi- . fied, standardized, and firmly established the new school 2 of thought which had woven its way into the Greek so- i ciety of his time. in The greatest teacher of them all was Christ. Christ, ,the psychologist, who had based his religious teachings ion an universal human emotion-love. And because he ijunderstood human nature, he was successful in upsetting 'tithe Old Testament standards of Iudaism. Thus he won g,Lnot A race. but RACES, of people. This was the second iiigreat period of upheaval in basic thought and affected fthe peoples of Asia Minor. The resultant changes spread i'lOCTOBER 1 - 1939 throughout the world. The teachings of Christ were seized upon by the Ro- man authorities and molded into a single body of thought - a religion. From then on religion fostered education. Christianity throve in Europe, where it found confused pagans, ready to accept so pleasing a philosophy of life after death. They adopted Christian- ity, and Christianity, in turn, adopted them. Learning and education became the two principle functions of the Church. Today the governments of the various coun- tries have assumed this responsibility. XVhat finer thing could religion have done than to have stimulated a desire for truth through knowledge? The smooth-working machinery of the Church was interrupted by the Renaissance - the third revolution of thought. Out of it emerged the heretics, Luther, Cal- vin, and Zwingli. The new learning found a way into the monasteries of Europe. Martin Luther, a German monk, was the first to grasp the importance and logic of some of the revived doctrines. He at once took advan- tage of a dissatisfied people and the intermittent absence from Germany of Charles V, Emperor of the Holy Ro- man Empire. Charles moved frequently between Spain and Germany. attempting to control the affairs of both nations. At the same time. his sympathies were with the Pope, at Rome. Under such circumstances. the Reforma- tion took root in Germany. In France. Iohn Calvin, father of Puritanism. an- swered the roll call of heretics. He was driven from France to Switzerland and it was from there that his teachings, which show the infiuence of Luther. spread through an already infected Germany, into Holland. and thence to England. Peter Zwingli, a native Swiss, spread similar doctrines - alike in general thought. but dif- ferent in detail. He studied Luther's works. picked what he thought was good. added some original ideas, and won followers. Another trio of contemporaries had up- set established beliefs! The revolutionary trends in education today probably mark the beginning of another era. from which pure science and logic will emerge as the final way in seeking truth. How can there be a known truth when there are doubts? The fact that changes occur. and are accepted and refuted shows that men arc not certain as to what the truth is. Let us be happy. then. to go forth as be- ginning teachers in a beginning era. Perhaps we shall find what others have sought and fought for. 9 13-'citfti califblllia. AS I sAw rr State Teachers College Monday night Dear Luise, Yes, I'll tell you before you ask me. California was wonderful! Treasure Island was stupendous! And the most beautiful things I saw were sunsets on the prairie and on the desert. They were absolutely gorgeous! Now that I have staved off your most natural curi- osity, I can really let myself go, and tell you all about it. You know, of course, that I went with my uncle, aunt, and cousin Herb, who is just a year older than I. You can imagine that he made things quite lively for me. More of that, tho', some other time. But. really, the most spectacular event of all was the anmial Fiesta held at Santa Barbara, California, to com- memorate the building of the VV est. 'LAre we still in the present time, or are we back in the old Spanish Mis- sion age?" we asked ourselves early one morning. People of all ages, dressed in vivid Spanish costumes. walked sedately to High Mass at the lovely old Church. Later in the day we saw the same dark-skinned men and women - padres, noblemen, explorers, cowboys. No cars were in this parade, but some of the most mag- nificent horses I have ever seen. Can you picture a shiny, ebony horse, decked out in a gleaming. diamond- studdcd silver saddle, prancing along beside a cream- colored horse with an identical Sl0,000 saddle? It's really a beauty treasure. Guitars strumming and accordions playing led us, that night, to the Courthouse, where accomplished chil- dren, men, and women sang the old Spanish songs. and executed the intricate dances with superb skill. Hand- some Mexiean families performed on the streets. VVan- dering around in this town of Spanish architecture. we, too, danced to our heart's content on some of the streets roped off for that purpose. XV e were much chagrined when we found that the lone car in the midst of a crowd of merry youths and maidens on such a street was our own. Many other wonderful things did I see. Luise, but you must come down and visit me to hear about them. Imag- ine trying to describe the Boulder Dam, Zion National Park, or Grand Canyon in a letter! Come soon and we'll compare notes on our two f'XVorld Fairs." Sincerely, MARY. The Best Trip Ever CATHERINE PAULA 5:30 A. M. - No, I wasn't dreaming - those strains of hffaryland, llffy Nlaryland were coming from right un- der the window of the "Queen lNfIary," in other words, the girls' dorm, suddenly they stopped, someone began to pound on the wall. and then there was a shout. "Come on, Paula, get those big feet on the floor." So began my first day at the Audubon Nature Camp. Br-r-r-r . . . was this Iune or November? Early morn- ings in Maine are cold, but a nice hot breakfast was all that was needed to start one off on a busy day. At 7:15 A. M. assembly we received our program for the day. YVe were divided into thrcc groups. according to our major: marine life. insects, or plant life. I was an "Insect" Everyone took birds and nature activities as minors. 10 Every day there were new and difierent things to do, new fields to explore, new plants to find and new birds to see. How you were envied if your group happened to be the one to go on a boat trip Iusually an all-day onej to one of the many little islands in the ocean along the Maine coast on which were found hundreds of birds, nesting. On one island we found herring gulls, and com-- mon and arctic terns. and corinorants. On others, pe- trels. great blue hcrons and osprey. Each bird has its own peculiar habitat. How thrilling it was to walk about, great precaution being taken not to step on the nu- merous young hiding in the thick grass, and to see hun- dreds of nests, to hold in ouc's hand a cormorant's egg and see a little one come out IContinued on page SOI T O WE R LI G H 'I I 'I ,I 4 'I . i. II II I I I I I I I I I I 4 I I I I I I I I 1 I I I I I I is I I Ii YI I I :yi OI ' Martha' s Vineyard 1 1 l I I i r I i Q IANE E. 1osL1N D I D Y O U ever think of a vacation in the midst of the sea? That is what the Indians called Martha's Vineyard - 'tNoepe," meaning In the Midst of the Sea. It was named Vineland by the intrepid Norsemen when they landed in the year 1000 A. D., because of its luxuriant foliage, and finally Martha's Vineyard by Gosnold of England in honor of his mother. The largest island in the group. about six miles off the coast of Cape Cod, is twenty miles long and nine miles wide, but it is so hilly, its shoreline is so indented, and its roads are so numerous that it seems much larger. As many as fifty thousand people come to its shores for the summer months to enjoy the salt bathing, the fish food, and the beautiful breakers from the open sea. Pleasure boats dock at the three ports several times a day, and the many iishing smacks attract much atten- tion. Yawls, ketches, and motor boats are much in evi- dence, and at the time of the regatta at Edgartown this summer the sailboats dotted the skyline like huge white butterfiies in a blue sky. The first house and fort in New England were built on the island in 1602. Governor Mayhew of Massachu- setts received the right of ownership from the English Crown and sent his son. who was an Oxford graduate, to occupy it. The son befriended the Indians there and established a school for them in 1651, the first ever to be provided for Indians. Their first teacher. Peter Fol- ger, grandfather of Benjamin Franklin. found them "very quick to learn." Mayhew compelled all his com- pany to purchase their lands from the Indians and many of the records are written in the Indian as well as the English language. The pioneers built saw mills, erected houses with large chimneys, catwalks, and fine doorways. and planted pear and cherry trees. In the meantime, Mayhew learned the Indian language and would spend half the night telling the Indians and children Bible stories. By 1700 dip candles were used and molds were made there. After that sperm candles, followed by sperm oil lamps, were used for lighting the homes. From 1820 for forty years Edgartown was one of the great whaling ports of the world, at one time owning nineteen vessels. The women sailed on the long sea voyages, and there are still those who can tell of their experiences with pi- 'rateS. In ISS-f a whale was caught that yielded 168 barrels of oil. A candle-making firm was organized in the town, lOCTOBER - isw which for years supplied the United States Government with oil and candles. The Indians were wonderful fisher- men - one man could go out in a small boat and cap- ture seven or eight whales a month. The fishermen have for a long time supplied sword- fish, herring, bluefish and shell fish to the great markets. Martha's Vineyard is famous for its lobster stews and lobster sandwiches. In 1773 an English transport of eighty-two sails made a raid upon the island, carrying away swine, cattle. oxen, and ten thousand sheep. During the Civil XVar. two hundred and forty soldiers and sailors gave their lives for their country. Long before 1651 there was a school for the English children. Every town with fifty families was required by law to establish a public school. For years there was a moving school that stayed from two to five months in a place. A child could attend for the whole year if he could manage to follow it. Latin was studied at the age of seven. Many famous people have loved the island - Alex- ander Graham Bell, Daniel XVebster, Madam Nordica. but none more than Emily Post and Katherine Cornell. who own fine homes on the island. TEARS LEON L. L12i1Nr:R Cover your face and glut the tears that drain From deep inside those sensitive young eyes. Stifie the wounded tones, the broken sighs, And end the shedding of this liquid pain. Such pure wild sadness is a useless spout Of feeling: passion, in a wasted form: An aimless fit. a vicious, raging storm Knocking against the world and soon blown out. Go put a finger to the lips of tears. In the eternal mnteness of your soul There will be time enough: long, endless years For crying. and the tears will fall and roll Deep. deep inside of you. roll down the face And fall. seas that go rushing into space. 11 Vagabonding by Bike GORDON V. SHULES NO MO RE teaching at camp! Our bicycles were packed with blankets. clothing. pots and pans. At ten o'clock. just ten minutes before we were to leave, Charles received a telegram offering him a job in Quebec. That's how I came to take a 700-mile bicycle trip alone. XV ith perfect weather, I made good time. My first night was spent in a field belonging to two spinsters who had quite a time trying to decide if it would be proper for me to stay. Their final aflirmative decision resulted in a splendid crop of aches and stiffness the next morn- ing. Cutler. Maine. a small fishing village, was the next pause. Near this place I stopped at a farmers house to ask permission to sleep in the barn. He referred me to the second selectman, who in turn referred me to the Hrst selectman. Now we were getting somewhere! This man, a Mr. XVallace. not only gave me a room with a real bed. but also insisted that I share his supper and breakfast. Eastport, Maine, was next, that being the eastern- most city in the United States. A ferry took me to un- spoiled, beautiful Deer Island. The people here have what is known as "local time," which is regulated by the flow and ebb of a thirty-foot tide. The night was spent in a boathouse. A dip in the ocean next morning turned out to be much colder than I had expected. Later that day I visited St. Iohn's N. B.. and saw the famous "reversing" falls. Always game for a new experience. I applied at the jail for a cell in which to sleep. The police chief gave me one look. "I don't think you'll like itfi was all he said. I was locked in a cell with French-Canadians for prison-mates. About midnight one of the men had an attack of delirium tremens, and stopped screaming only when a bucket of water was thrown on him. I loaded grain on an ex-rum runner in exchange for a passage across the Bay of Fundy. Great piles of pulp- wood were awaiting export to Germany at XVadesport, where we docked in Nova Scotia. At Annapolis Royal stands Fort Anne. settled by the French in I6l0. Here an old gentleman invited me to join him in a "beer," It wasn't until the next day that I learned he meant "soft-drink!" My ride up the drought-stricken Annapolis Valley was uneventful. Hospitality here was extraordinary. Halifax was full of soldiers. and many of the bridges, due to war conditions abroad which were reflected here, were controlled. Such were some of the high spots of my trip that made me realize that Halliburton really "had some- thing" when he took up the career of a professional vag- abond. I Shall Teach HENRY ASTRIN A FEXV months before the completion of the recent school term, I was asked by a fraternity brother to work for him during the summer in XVashington. It must be said here that my position was obtained not because I was a A'brother" to my employer, but because I had proved my worth as a salesman some time previously. Starting work immediately after graduation exercises. I realized I knew little of business life. This did not last long. however. In a few weeks a complete metamorpho- sis had taken place. I was no longer a kid wanting a lot of knowledge for my future life as a teacherg instead I was a cocksure salesman. bickering and fighting with 12 other salesmen and polishing my yet ragged technique on my poor prospects. I was no longer interested in be- coming a bespectacled young man teaching a lot of little brats. Certainly. I was an ignorant youngster! I was wilc with ambition! I was almost mad about the idea that z' good salesman can make more money in one week thar. a good teacher can make in a month! XVith these ideaz' my brain was tortured for weeks and weeks without Ulf contiding in anyone. when suddenly. a new experience challenged me. It was August. I was in the "City of Brotherly Love' with my local fraters and others from different parts o TOWER LIGH' the country for a convention. The three-day affair was Hlled with festivitv. Com Janionshi J. and u Jon reaching t . I I I e Maryland I realized that through a seventy-two hour I . . 1 b I . I period of companionship with scores of fellows, my hfe I i had been enriched. XVhat a wonderful feeling it must be to lead such a i swell bunch of fellows, I thought. XVhy couldnit I be y the one to lead them? I felt sure I could do it if I tried ihard enough. First, I should be Grand Blaster of the ,Baltimore Chapter, then get on the Executive Board. work myself up to the top of the Council, receive the David L. Mark Key, go to the Grand Council and, after ,Serving a year there. give up my position to a younger i frater, and "rest on my laurels." All this would be hard iand take a long time. true enough, but it would be easy ifor me. I would . . . r Suddenly my train of thought was broken by the real- ization that I was. at the present time, going to college. I had another ambition. I wanted to work hard to be the best of teachers, to do extra work. to rise in the school system, to teach math. later on, to do - oh. God knows all I wanted to do as a teacher! But how could l do all these things? lrlere I wanted to be a leader of men! I wanted to receive prestige and glory and friends through a national organization. And yet, I also wanted to be- come entrenched in business, to become a super. ultra air-inflated salesman. rushing here and there in my super- charged auto. filling out super-orders for my employer. receiving a super-salary and commission. But how could I do all these things? I had to choose. Bly head ached severely and my eyes seemed afraid to close at night unless they saw three objects which symbolized three different futures. XVould I ever have peace of mind? Wlhich career should I choose? I pondered. I despaired. Then it ea1ne! For no apparent reason at all. I suddenly made up my mind! XVhether I realized the security of a teaching position or the disadvantages of the other careers. I cannot ex- actly say. I think it sufficient, however, to say that I shall teach. Man Without umber EVELYN A. FIEDLER THIS IS dedicated to the vociferous Order of M. O. IP. P. tlvlath is Our Pet Peevej of which the author is a charter member. The purpose is to depict the glorious state of a society upon which the studied shadow of I number has not yet been east. So here we excurse into the Numberless Land, where figures don't lie on any- ibody's mind. l lXflr. Numfree. who shall be our business-man hero, lis awakened on a glorious morning-not by the raucous lsound of an alarm-but by sunlight streaming upon his ieyes and leaking beneath the lids. I-'Ie arouses his wife lifwho sleeps in the shadowl to have her prepare his peapaeity of eggs and toast tfor. remember, he is in- gtinocent of the ability of telling the munber of eggs he lrywants for breakfastj. VV ith breakfast hastily swallowed and with a hurried gglance at the height of the sun in the sky, Mr, Numfree pwclashes to the corner to wait for the trolley. I-Ie gives :Mthe newsboy there a piece of candy for what he hopes nas the paper of the day fit has no date, of course. and. winyyvay. nobody knows what the date isl. The trolley comes bumping along on its unscheduled route. The veyeonductor hefts and serutinizes Mr. Numfree's prof- 'KETCICCI lump of metal. which he eventually accepts as HVLDCTOBER . 1939 l A'retribution" for the ride. Our friend grabs a strap and opens his newspaper. Does he turn to the weather re- portg financial sheetg stock market quotation: race sheetg A'Sale" advertisementsg itemized casualties on Eastern. XVestern, or automobile fronts? No. he is con- tent with a numberless Short Story tcontinued on the page after the page with the picture of the gla-oomph girll. Arriving at his oflice. Mr. Numfree settles down to read the mail Caddressed to "Numfree Clothing Com- pany, The Storied Red Brick Building with the Green Roof, on Main between Oak and Ashnl. Ile rejects an order for "a horse-sized box of stout mens suits: terms: lump of gold size of an apple. at the next lunar eclipse" -for who would take a chance on the event of another lunar eclipse? tAnd, too. apples are small this seasonl. Mr, Numfrees secretary reminds him of his appoint- ment to call Klr. Smith when the sun shows above the roof of the bulding across the street. "Central" responds to Xlr. Numfrees telephone receiver-lifting with "Let- ters, please". "Give me X X Q Z A XY. Smith". While A'Ccntral" trial-and-errors for Mr. Smith. Nlr. Numfrces secretary slips in a reminder that she tContinned on page 31 I 13 Walking Museum QCondensed from Science Digestj IAMES o'eoNNoR IUST AS man's clothes show buttons that do not function and buttonholes that do not open, so in our body there are structures which are the dwindled relics of organs once actively in use. These obsolete human organs so necessary to early man. are in most cases small. and familiar only to the anatomist. Their persistence shows us that the past lives on within us, even in trivialities. In the corner of our eye there is a little fold. between the eyeball and the red "caruncle" at the inner angle of the eye. Now there is no doubt as to the origin of the fold which anyone can see in the looking-glassg it is a dwindled relic of the third eyelid which is present in most mammals, and in birds. You have all noticed, no doubt. a horse standing by the side of a street moving its ear-trumpets or ear-pinnae, perhaps to locate the approach of its master who has been delivering some goods. Many mammals do this. and the movements seem to help in the localization of sounds. Man at one time was able to do this. but now his ear-moving muscles are typically vestigial. tThink of the advantage of such ears in listening to the almost whispered announcements during the asscmblyxl In the human body there is also evidence of a certain sense organ, called the organ of lacobsen which would enable us to detect more easily some odoriferous in- gredient. say a poison in the food. that we take into the mouth. But in man it is a vestige often disappearing altogether: and the openings to the organ, which would normally be located far forward on the roof of the mouth. are closed. Many of these obsolete organs appear in the embryo alone. others are present through out life. They are nour- ished by the body but are quite functionless. As Osborn has put it: "They are mere pensioners of the body draw- ing pay. for past honorable services without performing any corresponding work". It is interesting to note that the number of dwind- ling human organs is slowly but surely increasing. How far can modern civilization go in throwing into disuse the functions of organs of the human body? At present, wisdom teeth and little toes are on their way out. After these-what then? omen' s ats DOLORES STROBLE IN THIS present day and age. there seems to be a hilarious uproar when the dusty old family album is dragged from its secret place and the solemn, but comi- cal pictures are thoroughly scanned. Modern debutantcs and sophisticated maidens are simply frustrated at the mere idea of wearing a complete battleship. guns and all. on their crowning headsg and so they scoff at their grand- mothers and kin for adorning themselves with such implements. Nevertheless. I. a member of the female species, am going to reverse the tables, so that the old family album may have the last laugh. No. modern damsels. don't turn awayg nay. stay and try to visualize how ridiculous your twentieth century head-garb appears. To begin with. it must be clearly 14 understood that a hat is used for protection. to attract the eye of masculine passcrs-by. and to reveal the traits of the wearer. Now. with that dehnition embedded in your mind, we can proceed to discuss the most popular topic of the day. womcn's hats. First of all, let us examine the fruit- covcred pie plate with its delicious and juicy grapes, pears, and peaches that makes one's mouth water: with this type it seems dangerous to twist the head because the action may produce a sudden torrent of scattered fruit just like the wind disperses apples from a heavily laden branch. This sort of head protection. although not worn with confidence, does arouse a sense of hunger. Included in this group is the QContinued on page 3Ol TOWER LIGHT MAN'S CLOUDS OCTOBER ELLEN ANNE ELSTE Wfhen our Creator stood on lofty plains And dreamed of skies and eyes which would behold I-Iis spacious heav'nly empire of white trains, . I-Ie did of magic, pearly pillows mold. Ile dreamed of shaping fleeey forms which would Tell brilliant tales of joy and woe of life. lThese come in lives of men in all the worldg These may be clouds of happiness or strife. The happy feather fluffs all lightly play, And like the loves of youth, they disappear. Unseen by them an old man's sky may gray And bear impending doom, unbidden fearg 'But when our final cloud shall drift along Wfe pray the wrath of nimbus be not strong. VESTIGIA TERRENT IAIXIES G. IETT As shades of war, like evening's own. grow long, i And like a blear-eyed moose it lingereth V To drink by some wild shore in the still breath i Of night, then bellows forth a challenge strong I r 7 I wonder if I write my even-song - I For time is frail and soon surrendereth, l And all things have their dawn and all their death, , All, all are east into the ghost-like throng. The sun has fallen from its evening perch I Into oblivion from the skies. f Long after it had gone and others thought ig It dead, I walked abroad to see it rise - A fixed event that frightened minds might search i And find a pleasant hope they had not sought. REVERIE SIIIRLIE DIAMOND if I heard the sound of a woman's tears. Ii More desolate than the sea, xi Sigh through the chambers of the years Into eternity. And in the darkness of the night Wfith the gray dusk astir. L' I waited for the first gold light I l I . . f To guide me straight to her. 5 IOCTOBER - 1939 I 've The The The You hII..1z.fxBif:'1'1r M. Lewis grown to love the greenness of the trees. diamond-studded grass. the summer sky, blue bird's call, the sweetly-laden breeze. sunshine, and the robin. Answer why must destroy my summer friends eaeh year, October. with your red, and gold. and brown. Oh, dOn't you understand. or can't you hear My heart's pierced ery. when autumn comes around? For once. October, grant this humble plea: Spare just one blooming bush, one fiower, one tree. Please leave at least one summer friend for me. - - NOR MAN FRANCES ROBISON A startled yelp pierced the silent night. I rushed to the window, Beneath, On the smooth green of the moon-washed grass Two dogs were fighting - But Twisting Tearing Lashing Shrieking Snapping Lips curled Ears tightly pressed Against fight-maddened heads. I looked again. - One dog is Billy! No not Billy. who so often had pleaded Wfith doggy brown eyes To uplay ball" with a well-chewed stick - Not Billy, who had always wakened me By thrusting a wet. black nose On my face. Not Billy. who chased the old dilapidated tom eat Up the peach tree. No, it couldnt bc Billy. For he is at rest under that same peach tree, A yictim of a fight IIE hadn't started - Tears turn a fat moon into a cross Then silence P- So peaceful and still - That perhaps ONE prayer reached its destingif tion - t'PIease. God. don't make dogs hghtf' I5 EDITCDRIALS Oil for the Wheels of Student Government Do you know that our Student Council is the one unifying agent in this college which directly or indi- rectly fosters. after a democratic fashion. the work. the play and the extra activities that characterize our col- lege as a progressive institution? To maintain such a policy it is imperative that each and every one of you make a personal contribution in word or action. Have you read. and do you fully understand the na- ture and purposes of this organization? If not. you should then investigate these points in order that you may frilly participate in the meetings of the Student Council and be assured of the proper action at the proper time. S lust at present there is a decided movement afoot to further centralize all our activities by incorporating into the executive board. representatives from each organiza- tion of the college. Since this will mean smoother Stu- dent Council meetings with both a saving of time and a more efficient and polished type of business. we are re- lying upon you to give the new movement your con- stant attention and support. Service Station to Students There is a new department in the 'TOXVER LIGHT - a department which will help you. the students of this college. This new department is called "Service Station to Students." Have you ever written to Aunt Ada for advice on your current affair? lf you have. perhaps she has helped you. But this "Service Station" is different! Suppose you want to find some good pictures on Eski- Inos. Colonial Maryland. trains: or an experiment prov- ing a gas is heavier than air: or some samples of wood to make an exhibit: or how tall the Empire State Building is. Do you know where to look? Ask our "Service Sta- tion." lt will try to help you. Any questions regarding illustrative material. good motivation. culminating activ- ities. or even how to get along with your practice teach- er will be cheerfully answered. Freshmen, are you wor- ried. perplexed? Could you use some help in getting or- ganized. finding assignments. learning the habits of the college? We want to help you. Send in your questions to leanne Kravetz via Senior 6's mailbox. 16 A New Year--A New Attitude CALVIN PARKER XVITH THE start of a new school year. the State Teachers College finds that its official magazine has a completely new exterior. The enlargment of the Toyvizrz LIGHT to its present size has been achieved only after a great deal of hard work and endless negotiations on the part of the faculty adviser. lt is felt that this change will meet with the approval of most of the student body because it makes possible a magazine more physically at- tractive than hitherto. But a more important change yet remains to be ae- complished - the improvement of the contents of the Toyviarz LIGHT. Last year the publication asked for sug- gestions as to how improvements could be Inade. All the suggestions made were obviously sincere. but showed for the most part the need of closer coordination with the staff and its work. The magazine receives 51.50 from each students activity fee. which does not even begin to pay for the cost of printing and publishing nine issues. The rest is made up by advertising and by the proceeds from the FFOXVER LIGHT Dance. The word "surplus" is not in the vocabulary of the business managers. Every one agrees that the Toyvrsn LIGHT should have more pictures, cartoons. etc. But how can they be paid for? By your efforts! The problem of financing the issues is a serious one, but it is not the only one. XVe publish the best articles that are handed in. so give your products more thought- ful attention. XVe are delighted with the response for our first issue. Keep it up! There are well over SOO people in the college. If each and every one of these would contribute just one article, short story. poem. or joke every month. certainly enough good material could be drawn from these to guarantee an interesting and well-written magazine. Thats not too lTlLlCll to ask. How about trying these suggestions for this year and sec if it doesnt help? Seven Critical Questions l. ls this college a Normal School? 2. Can teachers be trained for the elementary schools at any other college in Maryland? 3. Do we have high scholarship standards? 4. Do young men and women prefer to come here? D. Do you have an active loyalty for this institution? 6. Are you an advertisement for the institution? ,. Have you helped your "brother" or "sister"? T O WE R LI G H T 'u I I J 1 I I r A w I r. ! Z I I 4 I 4 'I I 4 'x 1. '4 'I 1 v.. It TIIE LIBRARY - - AT YCUR SERVICE Cryptic Comments On The Library E. ZENTZ AFTER SOME judicious eavesdropping and point- blank questions, the following statements were assem- bled and presented as being a cross-section of student opinion on the new library arrangement and system. mls it really true that we can keep books a whole week?" fGlory hallelujah tone of voice.j HI eouldn't finish the assignment - the books haven't come back yet." f'This is a break - not to have to wait around until three o'clock for a six-page pamphlet in the three hun- dredsf' 'tVVith these week book privileges. we can budget the time on a long period assignment." uReturning books at any time in the morning does away with the mad scramble and thronging mob at ten minutes of nine." t'It's swell!" "This Library system is a mess!" UI want to know why people can keep books out for a week - I never can find what I want." f'Ditto." A'VVhy don't they use some of the money the Student Council hands out so generously for duplicates and re- placements and ease up on the veterans of twenty years' A'The new shelving system is grand. XVe're all for it!" The new arrangement deserves a fair trial. Let us have 5' your suggestions as freely as you have given your com- ia fx is! siege?" li' fl! m If plaints. Our Magazines DORIS KLANK jjj MAGAZINE S I journals! Digests! Periodicals! News- I papers! - there are over one hundred and fifty different , publications in our new Magazine Room for your read- ing information and reading pleasure. Do you have a course in current events? There is a ,Q small magazine, The American Observer, which is pub- IL! ilished every week in XVashington, devoting two pages i. to A'The XVeek at Home and Abroad." It tells. in concise I form. the outstanding news of the week in many fields. .HIOCTOBER . 1939 I The Christian Science Alonitor, a daily newspaper with a weekly magazine section. supplies world news with- out sensational detail. Are you making lesson plans? Both American Child- hood and The Grade Teacher give helps for introducing and conducting lessons and suggest activities in connec- tion with each study. In recent issues of these there are plans for teaching social studies, nature stories, and art and English lessons. Do you enjoy the news in pictures? The Illustrated London News is composed almost entirely of photo- graphs and drawings of subjects of current interest. Do you like to read for recreation? For you there are Readers' Digest. Fortune. Good Housekeeping, and Cor- onet. New among our magazines are the New Yorker, Sat- urday Evening Post, and The Nations Business. XVith such a variety, there is surely a magazine to suit every taste and every need. TWENTY - FOUR TREATS AUDREY HORNER Parker, Dorothy: Here Lies - The Colleclefl Stories of Dor- othy Parker. New York, The Viking Press, 1959. 562 pages. S3.00. Here Lies - The Collected Stories of Dorothy Parker! Even the title of Miss Parkers latest volume reveals the ironic humor for which she has become famous. Here. in one collection, are twenty-one stories taken from two books published previously and three new pieces never before put out in book form. To many of us. just the name of Dorothy Parker brings to mind delightfully humorous monologues. dia- logues, and stories. Although we may be familiar with many of the stories contained in this volume. they re- main as effective when read and reread. "A Telephone Call." "Big Blond," and "IIorsey" are but a few of the sketches that well stand this crucial test. A new Dorothy Parker is revealed in the three sketches that have been written within the past few years, Now we see an author grown more serious, whose characters are treated with sympathetic tenderness and whose sit- uations are drawn from modern life. "Soldiers of the Re- public" brilliantly illustrates this new attitude. The story is a glimpse of war-torn Spain in which the horrors of guerilla warfare are clearly brought out. .X group of sol- diers who have just returned from the trenches enter into I7 a conversation with two visiting Americans who lend them cigarettes in a Madrid cafe. The soldiers speak of their families whom they have not seen for months and whom they will probably never see again. Granting that the sketch is not of the propaganda preaching type, the simply told tale of these soldiers. who at the sound of an alarm, march away to another attack. vividly fulfills its purpose. I To those of you to whom a single story by Dorothy Parker is a treat. this collection of twenty-four stories will be enjoyable reading throughout. THE SWORD IN THE STONE DIARY D1 PEPPE J. H. White: The Sword in tbe Stone. New York, G. P. Put- nam's Sons, 1939. To all of you who are continually looking for some- thing different, new, out of the ordinary. I present a newcomer upon the shelves of the Library Hction de- partment - The Sword in the Stone. Here is a book in which humor, fantasy, and adventure are the ingre- dients of a delightful story. The locale of the story is England in the days just pre- ceding the reign of the famed King Arthur. King Ar- thur himself is the principal character, but. unexpected- ly. you find him in the story not as a king or even as a young man, but as a youngster. More surprising than this, you discover first to your bewilderment and then to your amusementj. that the medieval knights. inagi- cians, squires. and witches all converse with one another in very modern dialogue. The plot consists of a whimsical account of the child- hood of King Arthur who is introduced to you as "The XVart." The XVart is tutored by Merlyn. the magician, who, among other things, conjures up at will such arti- cles as the daily newspaper, a fountain pen, and cigar- ettes. Due to his magic powers, Merlyn changes The XVart into various birds. fish. and animals so that his young student may obtain his education through first- hand knowledge. The young King Arthur, again with the help of the magician. pays interesting visits to the fairies and to Robin Hood. However, we End that the queen of the fairies fits the description of a modern cn- chantress, while Robin Hood typifies, in speech and action. the athletic young Englishman of today. A very droll incident occurs when The XVa1't falls into the clutches of a witch whose cottage displays a brass plate warning the public that she will not tolerate "hawkcrs, circulars, or income tax." For your own pleasure and enjoyment, I heartily urge you to place The Sword in the Stone on your reading list. 18 The Glee Club MARGUERIT13 XVILSON 'AV I E NNA XVOO DS are cool and green." chorused a group of students from the Auditorium. "O, soldier, soldier. won't you marry mc?" Those voices were fa- miliar. at least to some of the students at S. T. C. It was 3:lS on Monday afternoon and that could only mean one thing: a C-lee Club rehearsal. Miss VVeyforth was there. The group responded en- thusiastically to her direction and we began the year with a good rehearsal. The vacancies left by the gradu- ates were noticeable, but we knew they would soon be Hlled. However, it is not "all work and no play" in the Clee Club. Parties and picnics are on the schedule as well as rehearsals. The annual Clee Club picnic was held in the Clen on October 9. Our supper was cooked by Norris XVeis, the official chef, and tasted one hundred per cent. good. After supper we sat around the campfire. Lee Mc- Carriar and Mr. VVeis, now in another role. led the group singing. Aside from old favorites we sang a new version of The Old Mill Stream. At seven o'clock. although we were reluctant to leave, the Tower clock told us that it was time to put out fires, fold the blankets, and say good-night. On September 20 the upper class Clee Club mem- bers sang for the Freshmen for the first time this year. The songs selected for that assembly were: The Lord's Prayer - - - Malotte Tales from the Vienna Wfoods - - Strauss Choral from Die Meistcrsinger - XVagner It is not certain whether it was our performance or a previously acquired love of singing on the part of the Freshmen that caused so many to try out. At all events, this year the competition was very keen, there being many who are good Clee Club material. About fifty have been selected thus far. They will become full fledged members at the next rehearsal. A Singing Need IVREDERICA BIEDERM.-xNN CONS I DE R I NC thc age of our Teachers College, and the emphasis that is laid on the study of music, we should certainly have more college songs. Our Alma Mater is one song of which we can truly be proud. Its lovely original melody and words place it in the ranks of thc Encst college songs. But after all. this is a college of over five hundred students! NYhy can't we have songs for various occasions? YYhy not express TOWER LIGHT I that "college spirit" in music? paniment might each be written by indiixidnals work- l Do not feel that you must master the job by your- ing cooperatively. self. The words, melody. harmony, and pianoaccom- I-Iere's to a melodious answer to our singing need! Opera and The Radio KATHRYNE PETROFF It is Saturday afternoon, Beside the radio is a chair Q and a table. On this table lies Ernest Newman's book, Q Stories of the Great Operas and Their Composers. At 1:55 p. m., with expectation. I turn on the radio, pre- pared to listen to the presentation of Georges Bizet's colorful opera "Carmen" by the Metropolitan Opera I Company. From the first gay notes which are heard in I the introduction to the tumultuous tragic ending of this ii' fast-moving opera, I am held enthralled by the beautiful 'l music which is sung by the Metropolitan's ablest artists. Witlr Ernest Newman's book before me, I follow the 4 l I lg, action of this opera, which, between the acts, is inter- spersed with pertinent remarks by the announcer, Mil- li ton Cross. Besides listening to 'ACarmen," other Saturdays are re- , served for the presentation of the operas "Siegfried," "La I Traviataf' 'fManon," "Lucia di Lammermoorn and oth- li er favorite dramas dear to all music lovers. There are 1 millions who turn to their loudspeakers on Saturday aft- il ernoons and with this vast multitude I feel a friendship. a common bond - the love of fine music. i The presentation of operas over the radio offers many I advantages to the public. People who would never be able to hear or see a full-length opera have the opportu- I nity to listen to a great variety of musical dramas. XVe are able to hear Milton Cross. the renowned music com- mentator, who enlightens us with interesting informa- I 1 I . Q gtion and sidelights on opera stars, conductors, compo- Sers, and their works. Frequently between the acts Mr. Cross has celebrities who enliven the program with amusing and informative anecdotes of their careers ap- pear with him. The listener is able to concentrate on the . music and to give his full attention to it. If he wishes to hear only the music and is interested in the melody I alone, the radio is the most satisfactory medium through which to hear an opera, for there are no scenery nor peo- ple to detract from his attentiong thus. he may hear the good and the weak parts of the opera with a keener and if more appreciative nature. 'I On the other hand, one misses the beauty and majesty ,of the setting. whether it is the elaborate scenery of "Carmen" or the simple surroundings of "Die XValkure." YVhen one listens to a radio presentation. he does not ri have the opportunity to witness the performers in their capacity as drainatists. Finally, there is another attrac- XOCTOBER - 1939 V l tion which the unseen audience misses. that of seeing the conductor lead his orchestra which creates the back- ground and the mood for the players and for the listener. The radio has opened a new and a more prosperous field for musicians, for since the advent of Saturday aft- ernoon performances there has been a definite increase and appreciation of good music experienced by the pub- lic. This nation-wide audience is demanding more and better accomplished artists. There has been a definite change in the attitude of the public toward opera. From the time of the VVorld VVar there had been a decline in its interest in classical music. Since the advent of the opera on the radio the trend has led to a greater degree of love of the fine music of the masters. Perhaps the person who regards this type of music as uhigh-brow" may turn to his radio while a Saturday matinee is in progress and may hear an aria, some dance music. or a martial air which catches his fancy. His in- terest is arousedg he decides to listen further. comfort- ably settles himself and prepares to enjoy to the ut- most, this heavenly music. As hc is not present at the Metropolitan. his imagination must be his sight and he finds himself transferred to a far-away land of which the singers are a part, and lives with them the lives which they are portraying. In speaking about opera on the radio. one must not forget Mr. Edward Iohnson, General Manager of the Metropolitan Gpera Company, whose untiring zeal and love for music have led him to work so that the mass of people may develop a keen interest and appreciation for that which is closest to his heart. Ile has acquired talent froni all corners of the world: Lilly Pons is Frances gift to us, Marjorie Lawrence is a native of Australiag Kir- sten Flagstad, the superb heroine of the XVagncrian cy- cle. hails from Norway, Iussi Bjoerling is from Sweden: Ian Kiepura. from Poland: Gailiano Xlassini. from mu- sical ltalyg Bidu Sayaou comes to us from Brazil. By ex- tending the opera season in New York he has rendered a great service to the American people in that more op- portunities for hearing the Saturday afternoon perform- ances have been possible. Mrs. Belmont. president of the Metropolitan Opera Guild, has done much to stimulate interest in the opxgi by urging the vast radio audience to send its I-piinwiis and criticisms on any aspect of the Metropolitan Opera 4 That her eltorts have been successful has been proved by the fact that many times Milton Cross has read to us some of the letters sent by the listeners. The radio has become the most important medium through which are presented to the public world news. comedy. tragedy. and. most frequently. music. XVhen the Metropolitan first broadcast its operas several years ago. music lovers hailed this iimovation in the hope that it would stimulate a desire in the people to cultivate a taste for fine music. Thus far, these hopes have been amply rewarded. This "renaissance" has extended its scope to include the symphony and chamber music. The glorious works of the most eminent composers are being presented to the public and are becoming increas- ingly important because people are demanding to see and hear operas which have gone into obscurity such as Beethoven's "Fidelio" and Donizetti's "Lucia di Lammermoorf' One week we hear a German music drama by XVag- ner, next an Italian opera by any one of Italy's illustri- ous composers. such as Verdi. Puecini. Rossini. Then we have a setting in France. lapan. or Russia, as in "Prince Igor." or in America. A'The Girl of the Colden XVest." To go beyond that, we have presented on the American stage the opera "Aida," composed by the Ital- ian. Verdi. which opera's locale is in Egypt. The Metropolitan Opera Company recognizes no dis- crimination in race or creed. It adheres to the policy that music is for everyone to hear and to enjoy. This exten- sion of the musical sphere is another proof of the free- dom which is the very essence of music. Music is essen- tially universal - any who endeavor to restrict it by raising national and racial barriers serve only to place a death sentence on creative expression. Opera on the radio has enriched the cultural experience of the Amer- ican citizen and is of definite value as an instrument of music education. International Relations Club IEANNE KRAVETZ YOUAIE READ of renovations and face liftings. XYell. we've changed our name! Perhaps you have heard of the League of Young Voters - of its interesting meet- ings and pleasant social affairs. The same will continue. We have the same setup, the same purpose. However. we are now the International Relations Club. XYith a new name. we want many new faces. So Freshmen. join now and learn about the world today, meet well-known speakers, join in interesting discussion. Xliiden your horizons by joining the I. R. C. 20 The Orchestra AT OUR tirst rehearsal. Orchestra members had the feeling that it was the Orchestra of 1938-1939 with the calendar turned back to lune. All of the chairs were in- tact with familiar faces at each desk. But with a second look we saw we were welcoming new members, some of whom we saw at new additional desks in the violin sec- tion and one. a new organist. Besides those of us re- hearsing now, a number of students are trying out for the instruments owned by the college. These students will come into the Orchestra as fast as they succeed. YVe'll tell you the winners in due time. Our new music stands are most welcome: and we do need them, with the largest Orchestra ever. The upper- elassmen remember that sudden shower which fell as we played last Commencement. It dampened us then, but the new stands are our reward, so let bygones be by- gones. and we will hope the new ones are never in a rain! Seniors. join your wishes to ours when you think of May Day and Commencement. Our work for the year is under way with rehearsals for the assemblies. a broadcast. and a program for the State Teachers Association claiming attention. XVith so many students learning instruments. the director hasn't had time for our group ensembles, but before long we hope you will hear them practicing as now you hear some of the brass section, if you come to school before nine. XVe have some plans for our part of the Towrzn LIGHT also. Perhaps you would like to know more about what it takes to be a good Orchestra member, so we are going to try to tell you. XVe hope you like it. NVatch this space in your next issue! EVOLUTION OF A FRESHMAN ESTA B.-xBL.-iN Terrific trouble it is indeed To make a plant grow from a seed. Every farmer knows 'tis so - And yet, the little seedlings grow. In the same manner we may note That a Freshman is but a tiny boat. If you Seniors acknowledge that as true Some day. perhaps. t11ey'll be "ocean liners". too. A young husband was trying to teach his nervous wife to drive a car. They were on a narrow country road and she had been driving only for a short time when she ex- claimed: "Take the wheel quickly. darling, here comes a tree!" TOWER LIGHT 3. L . un.. -4.4 . ..'..A,- ' ' S N I C K S ' ' HENRY N. STECKLER With the beginning of the 1939-40 soccer season, Coach Minnegan finds himself faced with his usual hard task of building a soccer team from limited material. Regardless of the final outcome of the season, the stu- dent body may rest assured that Towson will again place a fighting team on the field. Although this year's team will contain many hard- running, fleet-footed boys, we can hardly expect it to top last year's record. As you remember, Towson went through the 1938 season undefeated to win the cham- pionship of the Maryland Collegiate Soccer League. Such line booters as UVVindy" Cordon, Paul Massicot, Tom Coedeke, Robinson, Bennett, Cox, McConnell, and others will be difficult to replace. Teachers College will again use the simple formula of outrunning its opponents. The returning veterans, Calder, Cernik, Shock, Hart, Lauenstein, and Captain Lou Cox, together with other seasoned players and like- ly looking Freshmen, will help considerably to offset our graduation losses. State Teachers will shoot the works in every game. The team will be hard to beat. The soccer menu looms as an attrctive one. The following is the 1939 schedule as complete as I have it: Date Friday, October 13 Friday, October Z0 Monday, October 23 Friday, November 3 Tuesday, November 7 Friday, November 10 Team Location Blue Ridge ......,. Towson Salisbury T. C. .,,.,. Towson U. of Virginia ...... Towson VVestern Maryland . .Towson Iohns Hopkins ..... Towson U. of Maryland.College Park VV. NORRIS WEIS SURPRISE! Once again t'So VVhat" greets ye olde September Observations upper-classmen and ye newe Freshmen. The thought of your not having someone to report to you the various sundry and obnoxious bits of news that otherwise would not get into print fwith apolo- gies to L. M. MJ so overwhelmed me that I thought it my bounden duty to return and serve you in the aforementioned capacity. fEd. Note - Seems as if this guy took a course in etymology this summerj I know you are delighted with the prospect. Heh, heh, heh! I am, so far as my business is to find monkey- business and report it to you, and I should appreciate any student enlightening me as to the incidents and ob- servations that would be of interest to my many read- ers, both of you. But after all is said and done, So Wfhat? Now to get on with this month's heckling: OCTOBER . 1939 The topography of the Freshman girls is quite up to standard. This is the general consensus of opinion of the upper-classmen and the gentlemen of the faculty. The new Cafeteria system would be an overwhelming success if everyone's lunch period were 120 minutes long. ' It is obvious that the Freshman girls are much more familiar with various spots in the Clen than with thc location of their classrooms in the Administration Build- ing or the books in the Library. Could the Freshman tours with the Iuniors and Seniors have been respon- sible? The girls of the entering class are all inquiring as to the whereabouts of The XVhitey. Can anyone in Sr. ' help them? I Did You Know That - Miss XVeyforth is seriously studying the theory and philosophy of hula dancing? The hand gestures should come naturally. Mr. Crook was offered a position on Admiral Byrd's expedition to the South Pole? Ruth Nizer. Freshman girl, is the first logical candi- date for the college Lu-lu group? Nice work if you can get it. Ruth. Because of her excellent qualifications. we have agreed to crown Marie Parr as Queen of the Play? L. L. L. has originated a sure-fire method for obtain- ing quick dismissals in the elementary school? He mere- ly says. "Children, the last one in the cloak-room is a monkey." Twice he was trampled in the rush. One of the newcomers asked if Mr. Miller were a Senior? . XVillie Ranft is still a single man? lsn't that good news. girls? O O Dorm Notes XVhat Senior girls were repaid with a box of Martha XVashington fnot an advertisementj candy and Nether- land stamps for the loan of two umbrellas on a rainy night? Some Seniors fl suppose I should say only onej re- ceived two dozen red roses this week-end just for the heck of it. Confidentially, the Mgang" would appreciate candy more! Hats off to the men of the dorm! XV hy? They treated all the Senior girls of the dorm to pretzel-sticks. coca- colas, sundaes. and nickleodeon music at the Arundel. Senior privileges really have their advantages. Another one of our group received a U. of Md. brace- let. C-uess why? Maybe C-. I. can help inform us. XVhat engaged Senior, while dancing on one of our nights out lhave you ever danced on a night out? lt's better than most dance Hoorsj turned her ring around? lt was really fun! Bercha' - Beteha' we'll have hamburgers in the Cafe this year. 120 to 1.1 Betcha' Miss XVeyforth will not have 7.500 miles on her Chevrolet by Christmas. C100 to 1.1 Betcha' Coach will find at least ten "Fancy Charlies" among the Freshman lads. I5 to Z.j Observe the foyer at noon. Betcha' Luther Cox will have ample motivation for his soccer this season. 115 to 1.1 Betcha' Dr. XVest doesn't miss more than two college dances this year, C3 to Z.j Beteha' Kitty Hepburn will find something definitely lacking from her Senior year. 1500 to 1.1 Betcha' I can tell when I've seen Marie Parr's brown eyes turn green. I 12 to l.j Betcha' Fred Tiemeyer won't shoot off any more Bre- craekers around a certain psychology professor's house. 190 to 1.1 Betcha' Harry Russel1's English marks will soar to un- known heights this year. fl0 to l.j At least he's trying hard, eh what? . . Freshman Retorts Mr. Crook: XVhat is the name of an animal whose main diet is made up of cellulose? Another Frosh: I know, teacher. XVoodpecker. O I Finale And at last we come to the most enjoyable paragraph of this bibulous conglomeration of alleged writing. XV e close with a contribution for joe Miller's joke Book fCopyright l886j which came to us by our consistent I-I. R.: Our brilliant jokester. passing. cast a reflective eye into the sky and drawled, 'AXVell. I guess it's going to be tough sledding today." 'tVVliy?" we answered. kicking ourselves for biting. "No snow," said he. going immediately into its of laughter. So. until next mouth - So Long and So VI'hat? ATTENTION ! !! Students: XVouldn't you welcome the opportunity to have one of your most pointed letters to a faculty member made public and be assured of a solid stu- dent backing? XVon't you share with our gullible readers just a bit of that personalized pen prattle that drifts from hand to hand. unknown to most of us? Of course you will. XVe'll save a place for you in the next issue of the Towna LIGHT under the heading. "Scriptopia." 22 Faculty: XVhere is the letter from that bewailing student teacher at his rope's end, that informal note sent in the greatest of haste with those peculiar errors so unbecoming to a teacher and your prize antiques written in Old English? XVe hope you'll also want to have published one of those regular letters to another faculty member. YVe're counting on you to do your part. N. B. - You've always wanted to read your neighbor'S mail. Heres your chance. Feel free to write to whom- ever you please in the college for publication. TOWER LIGHT. i r IN OUR MAILBOX luly 30, 1939 - The S. S. President Roosevelt carried our former President, Dr. Tall, to France last Iune. Dr. Tall toured the continent, first going to Paris and then to the Alpine Republic. From Lucerne she went to the German capital, Berlin. Evidently, she was in Ger- many while secret military preparations were be- ing made for the Polish war. XV e are thankful she was not there at the outbreak of military operations. Dr. Tall left Cermany and visited more neutral-minded countries. ln Finland she attended a meeting of the American Association of University VVomen. This was the real purpose of her trip. Dr. Tall was in Stockholm. Sweden, when war was declared. lt was here that her plans were changed and, like other Americans abroad. she began to arrange for her passage home, She arrived safely on board a Nor- wegian ship on Thursday, September the fourteenth. August 15, 1939 - Ponca City, Oklahoma - Mary McClean, graduate of 1938, B.S. degree, spent the summer visiting oil wells and Indians in and around Oklahoma. August 25, 1939 - Mammoth Co., Kentucky - Ethel Troyer. graduate of 193-1 and Gladys Troyer, Class of 1931. enjoyed a third tour of the South as far as Nashville. MARRIAGE ANNOUNCEXIISNTS luly 5. 1939 - Anna Marguerite Schorr, graduate of 1936, to Stan- ley R. 1Vhipple. luly 14, 1939 - Massey. Md. - Mary Evelyn Peacock. graduate of 1939, B.S., to Lee Clifton Clark. Chestertown, Md. luly 20, 1939 - Helen Alma Taylor, graduate of 1937. to XValtcr Ernest Uebersax. graduate of 1937. August 10, 1939 - Ruth Regina Chrest, graduate of 1926, to Charles S. Dennis. A Prunetta Kopp. graduate of 1925, to Charles E. Caltrider. August 12, 1939 - Eileen Carvan McHale. graduate of 1937, to XVar- ren Collier. August 13, 1939 - Louis Cox. graduate of 1939. B. S.. to Bernice Eileen Klemm. August 19, 1939 - Olney, Md. - Katherine Lansdale Riggs, graduate of 1933. to lohn Iustus Meyer, lr., graduate of 1936, B.S. CALENDAR ITEMS N. M. M Sunday. September 17 - The lirst vesper service of the Student Christian Association, the Y. YV. C. A.. that has enlarged to include men students. was held in , Newell Hall foyer. Dr. XViedefeld spoke to the stu- , dents concerning religion as a means of preserving de- . mocracy. Quite appropriately. she turned the search- lights on a group of future teachers, advising them to l . . r take stock of themselves in the light of a moral code basic to religion universally. 1 O O l 1 1 Tuesday, September 19 - XV ith violin meditation For yOCTOBER . INS l the Beauty of the Earth. the Student Christian .-Xsso, ciation assembled for morning devotion in thc council ring in the glen. Singing of hymns. Bible reading, and prayer made the sanctuary a fresh. living impression. O O First 1Veek - Study hours ended and selected groups of pajama-clad Freshmen gathered in Miss Crccris room. lt's a most attractive room with fnrnisliing of blue. rose and tan. Punch and cookies added nnwli to the half-hour of fun and chatter in our ilornntory direetor's room. J Democracy IN THE CAMPUS SCHOOL KATHERINE IACOB TODAY democracy is being questioned. XVC are won- dering what kind of education has brought about Fas- cism and the other L'isms". But in the Campus School there is no question of democracy. Here the children are working together and cooperating with the other factors of the school organization. The Student Council, whose active members are the children from the third grade to the seventh, inclusive. is most important in seeing that the responsibilities given to the children are carried out. Each class has du- ties to perform and their various committees make re- ports at council meetings. Complaints are heard and suggestions are given by the children themselves. Miss Steele is the faculty adviser of these meetings. The duties of the grades vary. The first grade dis- tributes and collects the absence slips from each of the classrooms. Every afternoon the third grade sees that the tops of the pianos and phonographs are closed and that the plants in the hall and Auditorium are watered. The Lost and Found Department is in their charge. The Campus Committee of the fourth grade is com- posed of conscientious workers. The students of the Col- lege have had to be reminded by them of their responsi- bility. The mail is carried between the Campus and the Administration Building by the fifth grade. In the Cam- pus School there is a milk fund for children too poor to buy milk. The lifth grade has charge of this. A most democratic gesture is being carried on by the Student Council. Visitors are invited to the Council meetings. The fifth grade issues the invitations. This pre- vents the meetings from being 'tclosed-door affairs." The author suggests that other Student Councils should note this. The playground is divided into sections and grades are assigned to the various sections. The sixth grade set- tles complaints that arise from this. They also care for the playground equipment. In the seventh grade are the committees for general safety. They have charge of posting radio schedules and assembly announcements. A duty new this year is that of being cashier for the lunchroom. XVith everyone working together. discussing his own problems and solving them, they are building a better school organization. More important still. they are de- veloping an appreciation for democracy. 24 THE BIG FOUR P. HERNDON XV hen you see a girl who's walking In a daze and also talking Ot the boy she met this summer at the shore, Of how Cable always thrills her - Of how working nearly kills her - Of the skirt she can't get into any more, You'll know she's a Freshman. W' here you see a girl who's walking Rather briskly, and is talking Of the Math test she will have sometime next week, Of the mysteries of Science - Of the German-Russ. Alliance - Of the Freshmen, who are anything but meek, You'll know she's a Sophomore. Wfhen a girl looks somewhat worried, Rather flustered, tired, hurried. And she talks of Student Teaching all the time, Of a lovely desert island Vlfhere she'd rest and play a while and Vlfhen there'd never be a Unit - lhow sublimell You'll know she's a Iunior. If you see a girl rvho's Walking Rather languidly and talking Of examinations - tnothing need be said Of her natural elation At her coming graduation And the hope that all her marks won't be in redj You'll know she's a Senior. So I'll close this, budding students. tVVhoni I've told about with prudencej This last I have to say won't take much time - Heres a fact: land well I know itj I shall never be a poet For I've had one awful time to make this rhyme! The Foreign Situation Probably the shortest book ever written would be W'ho's W'ho in Germany. -The Evening Sun. .-. .-, 4, The Awful Truth Never ask for second portions: Always show you are well bred. Youll be known for your gracious manners, But you won't bc well fed. TOWER LIGH'I t I it-HCIDSHQUM Three Little Words These were voted tops as the three sweetest words in the English language: l. I love you. 2. Dinner is served. 3. Keep the change. 4. All is forgiven. 5. Sleep till noon. 6. Here's that five. And the saddest were: l. External use only. Z. Buy me one. 3. Out of gas. 4. Dues not paid. 5. Funds not sufficient. 6. Rest in peace. -College I-Iuinor. :,. :,. ,,. In drv cleaning shops the work is hard only in spots. 12: nk 1,2 American men look at women when Qthey thinkj the women are not aware of it: Englishmen do not look at them at all: but Frenchmen look at them with such thoroughness and intensity that you half expect them to approach and ask dubiously. HIS it washable?" -QVV ith Malice Toward Some-M. Halsevj s:: sg: sg: Question: XVhat is a waffle? Answer: A pancake with a non-skid tread. Ever hear the one about the bed nine feet long? XVell, that's a lot of bunk. Would You Say - That YVashington said wc should have no entangling alliances? lt was Iefferson who used this phrase. VVashington, in his Farewell Address, used Upermanent alliances." That umpires watch the plate? I Umpires do not look at the plateg instead, they see an imaginary rectangle, I7 inches wide, extending from the batter's shoulders to his knees. That the poinsettia is a red flower? 1 Only the leaves are red. The flower is yellowish, 1' That Mont Blanc is in Switzerland? I Mont Blanc is in France. l Orville A. Lindquist - Sunday Sun. gOCTOBER - 1939 I P I XVillie: Can I have any sea food I like? Mother: Yes. dear. XVhat shall I order for you? XVilIic: Salt water taffy. YV arm breath on my cheek. Soft touch on my shoulder. Little face. pressed close to mine. Eeek! XVho let the cat in? at sg: sg: The poor man was eifusive in his thanks to his rich friend. "This five dollars will help me out of a tight hole, and I'll send it back to you in a few days. By the way, what is your address?" The rich man looked solemn. "Fairview Cemetery." he replied. UO, nonsense. Thatls not your address." UNO," said the rich man. abut it will be before you Send this Eve dollars back." sg: sg: 11: They call her "lX'Iussy Lena" 'cause she's the fascist girl in town. "Dear Tom: Come tomorrow evening sure. Papa is at home, but is laid up with a very sore foot. See? May." "Dear lXfIay: I can't come tomorrow evening. TM laid up on account of your father's sore foot. See? Tom." The girl who does everything under the sun always has shadows under her eyes. Two convicts managed to get a few minutes of con- versation. "Hello, mate." said one. "How did you manage to get here?" 'Tm a victim of my unlucky number. thirteen." "I'Iow's that?" "Twelve jurymen and one judge." -Evening Sun. In darkest Africa two natives were watching a leopard chasing a large fat man. A'Can you spot the winner?" asked one. "The winner is spotted." replied the other. -Evening Sun. sz 1, sg: Teacher: Name a great inventor and his chief invcnf tions. Pupil: Thomas A. Edison. Ifirst hc invented light bulbs. Then he invented the phonograph and pcrfct't'.zl the radio so people would stay up all night and use his light bulbs. Soph: I can tell how much water to a quart goes over Niagara Falls. Fresh.: I betcha you can't. How much? Soph.: Two pints. .-. .-. ic ,,. ,,. ,,. A disgruntled shareholder rose from his seat at a company meeting and shook an angry fist at the chair- man. "Sir." he said fiercely. "I regard you as a liar and scoundrel and the biggest rascal unhungf' The chairman looked at him scornfully. "Sir," he said with dignity. "you forget yourself." .-, .c .-. fy- 4- vs- Young man to his friend while horseback riding: A'Shall we take the bridlepath. Pamela?" Pamela: "Oh, George, this is so sudden!" "XVhen I looked out of the window, Iohnny, I was glad to see you playing marbles with Billy Simpkinsf' "XVe weren't playing marbles. XVe just had a fight and I was helping him to pick up his teeth." Teacher: "Now that you have read the story of Rob- inson Crusoe. XVillie, tell me what kind of a man you think he was?" XVillie: "A contortionistf' Teacher: WV hat makes you think so, XVillie?" XVillie: "Because it says that after his day's work, he sat on his chest." Mrs. Iones: HI wonder if I could borrow your rug- beater?" Mrs. Smith: UI am sorry, he doesn't get home until six o'clock." .-. .-. .-. .,. .,. ,,. Father fto infant son sucking his thumbl : "Hey. son! Don't do that. You may need it when you get old enough to travel." "Can you type?" "Yes, I use the Columbus System." "XVhat's that?" 'AI discover a key and then land on it." 1,1 1,2 13: Iones: "Ants are supposed to be the hardest working creatures in the world." Smith: t'Yes. but they still have time to attend pic- nies." .., .-. .-. .,. ,,. ,,. Son: "Pop. what is heredity?" Father: "The force. my son. which arranges that all your good traits be inherited from your mother and all your bad ones from me." 26 Friend: "Did you get any replies to your advertise- ment that a lonely maid sought light and warmth in her life?" Spinster: "Yes. Two from an electric company and one from the gas company." .-. ... .c Teacher: "XVhat did the Federal Government do with Negroes who fled to thc North during the Civil XVar?" Student: "They put them in Union suits." .i. .-. .-. ,,. ,,. ,,. The Governor picked up the phone and called long distance. "I want to speak to Killer Demoll, at the State pris- on." he said excitedly. "Sorry," a voice answered, "but your party just hung up." The gum-chewing girl And the cud-chewing cow Are somewhat alike, Yet different somehow. XVhat difference? Oh. yes. I see it now. It's the thoughtful look On the face of the cow. Movies Are Educational Don Ameche invented the wireless. Tyrone Power built the Suez Canal. Things We Can Do Without Bag rattlers in the movies. Popcorn eaters at the movies. XVe have an American school teacher staying at bed and breakfast with us. She is a small. dynamic woman whose manner suggests very clearly that life had better watch its step. or she will take down its little pants and spank. -gW'ith Malice Toward Some - AI. Halseyl. Fresh.: "You said the composition I handed in was both good and original and yet you gave me zero." Teacher: 'tXVell. the part that was original was no good. and the part that was good was not original." Teacher: 'Allhat is meant by 'shining raimcnt'?" Student: "An old blue serge suit." My wild oats wercn't sown. They were raised in flower-pots. -1VI'ith Malice Toward Some - AI. Halseyl. TOWER LIGHT Can It Happen Here? KATHERINE FEASER SCIENCE, THAT stairway to progress, has added one more to its list of phenomena. Recently, I read of the creation of invisible glass. which, if used in the win- dows of department stores. would eliminate glare. Regardless of its virtues, think of the complications invisible glass might bring about even in the day of an ordinary person, were it used generally. Let's follow Lucy Brains, an average college girl, through a day in a World where invisible glass is used. On arising Lucy wants a drink of water so she goes to get a tumbler from exactly where she placed it last night for just such a time as this fbut then just where was that place?l . Lucy gropes around for a time. because, remember. the glass is invisible. Smash! The glass, how- ever, was not unbreakable. Lucy runs down the hall to the fountain for a drink. Lucy wants to comb her hair. This time her difficul- ties are not so numerous. She walks up to the mirror frame. Alia! That piece of glass is bounded by four vis- ible pieces of board. Noontime! Lucy dashes from assembly to her room in the dorm where she finds awaiting her a "call for pack- age" slip. Cracious! VVhat a charming bouquet! Though Lucy had forgotten that today she turned twenty, he had not forgotten. Bounding up the steps with her arm- ful of flowers. Lucy thought. "That glass bowl Mother gave me will be just the container for these." But where is the glass bowl? Lucy searches the cupboard shelf and the bottom bureau drawer in a futile attempt to locate the bowl. She places the flowers in the tile sink fvisible, by the wayj. Lucy goes to science lab. The prof. announces to the class that here on the supply table are Hasks and test tubes made of new invisible glass. The college is so for- tunate to get a supply of these so soon. The class looks at the prof. in blank astonislnnent and little twitterings break out here and there because. remember, all the stu- dents can see are a couple of test-tube racks. apparently empty. Lucy, thankful for that bell which marks the end of the last class. Hees to the dorm to repair her war paint for her date with Manny Muscle. of football fame. Too bad it's raining, but then. what's a little rain? Manny has a smart new convertible coupe. Once in the car Lucky asks, "XVhy the windshield wiper. Manny, and no windshield?" OCTOBER . 1939 Manny beams proudly. "Oh, my dear. haycn't you heard of invisible glass yet?" Lucy reaches out hcr hand cautiously. Yes, it's hard and it keeps the rain out. It must be invisible glass. Before returning to the dorm. they stop for a soda. Staring at them in bold print is a sign, "Please hold your glass in your hand until the waiter collects it. XVe use invisible glass." That night, Lucy. weary from the whirl of the day. sinks on her bed and yawning. mutters. "lf we must have invisible glass, please let's have it colored." SENIOR SORCERY On Friday, the thirteenth, Put your worries in the ditches - Come to our dance And be bewitehed by witches. They don't wear tall hats Or have crooked noses. And ride on broom-sticks, As everyone supposes. They wear stiff shirts, And shoes that hurt their eorns. The broom-sticks are strings Or maybe brass horns. Billy Isaac is the brewer Of potent melodies. So come and be enchanted By his rapturous rhapsodies. The Senior Benefit Dance In the Auditorium. Friday. October thirteenth: Billy Isaac and his "Connnandcrs." P. S., To all ye lads and lassies Wfhdye no reason to buy thc passes Copy this to make ii show And send it to your very best beau. Four ages of man: Xlother spanks him: girl makes tool of himg wife bosses him: daughter works hun. Fashion Flashes 1XlARlE PARR A UT U M N FAS H I ON S have now taken their place in the style parade and eoeds at S. T. C. are keeping right up with them - college days have just begun but already the following "hits" in wearing apparel have been noted around the campus: . . Those new long. sloppy cardigan sweaters are all the rage. girls. You must have at least one included in your wardrobe. M. YV. has a most attractive one in soft green. . . Plaid skirts are very popular again this year. Scar- let is the favorite color. H. 0. looks quite bonny in her "pleated all-round" one. . . Socks and saddles are still "holding their placen of tops in footwear, but inoecasins are swiftly rising in popularity. . . Hjunk iewelryn of all types has been seen a great deal, too. Bells and shells have taken the place of charms. . . Never before have so many angora sweaters filled the halls at the college. Pastel shades are mainly chosen for this type sweater. . . Have you seen A, Ffs knee-length woolen socks? They are supposed to be the height of fashion this season. . . Snoods are also becoming quite popular - per- haps you have notieecl R. K. wearing one. Very in- dividual looking. . . 1X1en's clothes are also very smart this season. Green seems to be the color and anything sporty goes. - . . XV. R. has a very ehie sport jacket - quite eolle- giate! . . H. R.'s socks are getting louder each month. XVhere does he get them? . . Bow ties seem to be coming back. lust ask A. S. . . Then. of course. a white sweater with the college MRI" proudly displayed on the front is a necessity for every boy. Better enter sports right now so you can join the ranks, Freshmen. So you see how fashions are changing gradually. All this has been seen in a few days. Next month we are going to devote this page to the Freshmen and see how they rate in the fashion parade! 28 Epitaphs Thomas Klulvaney 1724 - 1795 Old Thomas Mulvaney lies here. His mouth ran from ear to ear. Reader. tread lightly on this wonder For if he yawns you're gone to thunder. .-, .-. J. ,,. ,,. ,,. Here Lies the Body of Susan Lowder XVho Burst XVhile Drinking Seidlitz Powder Called from this XVorld to Her Heavenly Rest She Should Have XVaited Till it Effervesced 1793 In Memory of Anna Hopewell Here Lies The Body of our Anna Done to death by a banana lt wasnlt the fruit that made her go But the skin of the thing that laid her low Sarah Seroggins Gone to meet: Her 18 children and Three husbands Beneath this stone A lump of clay Lies Arabella Young XVho on the Zlst of May 1771 Began to hold her tongue T O WE R LI G H'J Adam Betts 1827 - 1846 The Lord saw good I was lopping off wood YV hen down fell me from a tree I met with a check And broke my neck, And so the Lord lopped off me. In Memory of Mr. Peter Daniels Born Aug. 7, 1688 Dyed May 20, 1746 Beneath this stone, A lump of clay Lies Uncle Peter Daniels VVho too early in month of May Took oit his winter flannels Ieremiah Zilpah of Mercy and Patience Zilpah Here I lie with my two Daughters Brought by drinking mineral- XVaters If we had stuck to epsom salts VVe wouldn't be lying in these Here Vaults Y is Here lieth the remains of THOMAS XVOODHEN The most amiable and excellent of 1nen. N. B. His real name was XVoodcock, but it w0uldn't come in rhyme. His XVidow. OCTOBER . 1939 Beneath this stone and not above it Lie the remains of ANNA LOVlj'l"l' Be pleased. dear reader. not shove it For twixt you and I, no one does covet To see again this Anna Lovett. Left us May 17, 1769 The New Time FOR YEARS educators have been waiting for the opening of a news-reel theater in Baltimore to aid in the teaching of current events and history. News-reels are of great value to teachers because they present his- tory in the making. Around the tirst of October, Baltimore will join the ranks of such metropolitan centers as New York. Boston, Philadelphia, NVashington, Brooklyn, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Newark, when the Time Theater, the na- tion's number one news-reeler, opens its doors in the 1700 block North Charles Street. YV ith the opening of the Time. Baltimore will be able to see the truly great and magnilicent achievements in the photographic, electrical and other technical devel- opments in the art of motion picture exhibition. The Time Theater will be the lirst in Maryland to offer the newly-perfected Mirroplionic Deluxe Sound System. the latest accomplishment of the XVcstern Elec- tric and Bell Telephone laboratories. Mirrophone gives you the Hnest, fullest, most lite-like sound reproduction you've ever heard. Artistically, the new Time Theater will be a revela- tion in intimate charm and beauty. Nationally-knowrr Paul Roche, who did the murals at the Enoch Pratt Library, will do a series of ten wall murals in the theater auditorium, These illustrations will graphically portray the various exciting phases of news-reel subjects, Every detail of acoustics. air-conditioning. seating. decoration and projection at the Time will be the latest known to theater engineers and architects. 29 . . the Best Costs Less! GUARANTEED WATCH REPAIR 'Neills Charles Street at Lexington Called For - - And Delivered Greetings TO THE MARYLAND STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE You All Know Confectionery MARTHA A. ANDERSON YORK ROAD, opposite Linden Terrace Compliments of . . TOWSON THEATER The Sunnah jliatinnal Bank nf Zltintusun, jllllh. People with Discriininating Tastes Prefer Esskay Quality MEAT PRODUCTS WOMEN'S HATS QContinued from page I-H flower decked or garden type of hat. which is strewn abundantly with every kind of blossom from sweetpeas to daisies. XVhen a sunny day arrives and sends its rays on the decorative plants, one can imagine that he is in merry Italy in the midst of a fertile valley blessed with a huge covering of these fragile flowerets. Secondly, let us consider the beret that resembles an ice bag. which is used for raging headaches. There is attached on both sides of the beret a piece of ribbon which serves as a chin strip and which ties into a perky bow at any convenient spot. In order to save this unruly piece of ribbon from slipping, the wearer must keep her neck craned on one side so as to balance it. This style gives the owner an appearance of one who is in pain, and if worn too often, results in a bad case of neck cramps. Next, let's become acquainted with the head cover- ing that is ornainented with both wild and domesticated creatures. Indeed it seems at times as if the entire vicious animal kingdom is shoved on one brim, and instead of attracting the male generation, only tends to frighten them. However, the milliner's favorite animal is the bird with its pompous feathers and bright coloring. It is not an unusual sight to see perched on an inverted- bowlfshaped crown a scarlet cardinal whose beak is opened and whose wings are spread wide as if ready to soar into a flight for a juicy worm. Indeed, it seems as if thc bird should, at some interval, rise. and in a lofty flight take with him the flimsy crown, leaving the owner standing in awe at the fleeing feathered bullet. Yes, there is without a doubt much fun in watching a woman promenade down the street with an odd ob- ject resting dubiously on her head. However ultra-mod- ern these new-fangled hats are supposed to be. I main- tain they are just as silly, if not more so. than those of the past decade. On the other hand, you'vc got to credit the fair damsel with courage to sport a piece of head wear that even the strongest of men fearg in short, thc phrases that women are the weaker sex is obsolete. THE BEST TRIP EVER LContinucd from page lily of the shell: to stop anc pick up a mother petrcl or one of her young: to watcl Mr. Cruikshank climb an immense virgin spruce ani lift a baby Osprey from its nest. while the mother an- father bird screamed overhead. XVC were told that nat uralists who devote their whole lives to the study C TOWER LIGH'. i I i ,i birds, have really never seen the things we were able to see and experience in two weeks. This was something to think about. In the evenings, after supper, we all attended lectures given by various faculty members or classified our day's collections. Supper out-of-doors around the campfire called for an evening of entertainment. Dressed in our warm clothes, we gathered around, sang old songs, and learned new ones. Each one who had something to contribute gladly volunteered. There were campers from almost every state and they all sang their hoine-state songs. I was proud to sing Maryland. My Maryland with the Camp Director and his family. Camp lasted for only two weeks, but its memories will last forever: so also will the many friendships made. I feel that I am greatly indebted to the Natural History group of S. T. C. for making this experience possible. MAN WITHOUT NUMBER ' fContinued from page l3j hasn't been paid since the moon she went canoeing. The day at the oflice is ground to a close at the sink- ing of the sun. Mr. Numfree's wife is waiting anxiously at home. for they have a theater engagement. It is es- sential to arrive there early to get a good seat. since seats are designated by such appellations as "Balcony closest Ito the roof. the row without a brass rail in front of it, the seat next to the seat with the broken arm-rest." The theater orchestra tunes up to the UA" of the lpiano at hand. It does not matter that the lights in the pit, as well as the house lights, are being dimmed, for of course, musicians must play by ear. They render a warm- ying selection. as the unregulated theater air is some- ywhat chilly. The play to follow is A'The Night after lthe Night after the Night fand so on for some more lNiglitsj " by Shakeshere. supposed no longer living-but iwho knows. since there is no record of his demise? l The taxi-beg pardon. the cab ffor taxi implies taxi- I fmeter, and who can imagine a meter without number?l ithat takes our friends from the theater finds it necessary Qto stop for gasoline on the way. There being no fuel igauge to indicate the state of the tank. the station at- Hendant ceases pouring when the tank overflows. After lthe consequent haggling about payment, Mr. and Mrs. iNumfree are sped Crclatiyely. that is. for speed cannot lbe measured herel to their lovely modern home 3, But wait. Perhaps lovely homes. taxis. theaters. offices. rnewspapers. and all are a bit too ideal for our Number- lless Society. XVc had better start over and make that lhome of the Numfrees a cave. lOCTOBER . 1939 A Deposit of .ffi'I.0U Opens ez Clwrkizzxe ,'IC'F0llllf in the CHECKMASTER Plan uf Ulibe Zlliutnsun jiatinnal Malik TOWSON, MD. Our only charge is five cents for each cheek drawn and each deposit. Est. 1886 Telephones, Towson 4 and 5 LOUISE BEAUTY SHOPPE 32 YORK ROAD - Phone, TOWSON 1022 CONVENIENT FOR COLLEGE Specializing in Individual Styling and New Wella Hair Treatment TIRES BATTERIES Texaco Service Station Phone, Towson 1094 YORK RD. and BURKE AVE. You Wfill Be A Wfelcome Depositor In Ulibe Bank of ,Baltimore Qllnuntp YORK ROAD . . . TOWSON, MD. Deposits Guaranteed to 55,000.00 pzfee A Cowie In hopping Af HUTZLEK BFQTHEK3 BANKING SERVICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL Personal Loans -i"Q, Investment Certilicates issued in multiples of of S50.00. Interest payable january lst S100 to S1000 and July lst At Fair Rates. IVE INVITE YOUR INQUIRY Citizens' Industrial Bankers, Inc. 104 ST. PAUL STREET ---- BALTIMORE, MARYLAND Pertinent Points From XVill Cuppy's "How to Tell Your Friends from the Apesfw: "Orang-outangs have solved the problem of work. They do not work. They never worry. And yet they have wrinkles. So vvhat's the use?" "Never call anyone a baboon unless you are sure of your facts. Baboons have flat feet." 'The Howling Monkey is confined to South America but seems to escape." MAH Modern Men are descended from a XX'7OI1'1llllCC creature, but it shows more on some people." :The call number, dear reader, is S17 C. Signs Spotted Saratoga, N. Y.: "Bartholemew's Tank and Tummy Station." Crown Point. N. Y.: "Buy a bird house and rent it for a song." Greenville, Tex.: A'The blackest land. the xvhitest peo- plefl Pocahontas. Ark.: 'Yon can spend both sides of your dollar at Kings drug store." Wfhat signs have you spotted? CLASSIC CADIPUS STYLES . from HCCIISCHILD K 0 ll N 8: C 0. Baltimore IVIason's Service Station Betboliue - Richfield Gasoline Official AAA Station 24-Hour Service TOWSON, MD. - Phone, Towson SEAEOARD STEEL AND IRON CORPORATION IRON AND STEEL PRODUCTS STAINLESS STEEL BALTIMORE, MARYLAND PHONE - SOUTH lO2O 32 TOWER LIGH -i J 1 as l 1 1 , V f 1 J 1 w AW '1 I' , -. ., W, 'f1,v H- - V 1, ---1. ' gm- ' ww -, . ,eL'f: Q" .i-:m- x-.--A , pf. 1, 12 .ff ,'x.' f1'A'y-Q2 vi win L"-1 ,' 1 ,W .1 , ,'z.f ,, ..,.14,. . Ny., ,, Vg.. f.j".:v . ,,.J',". 'eZ uxfxwx v . 1- "'lQ,zsg2i ' 1,jF'S"5' 'Y . r J ' 11 ' 41 I' .. ,Y .A-f ,,, 4 ,K -11, ,. M. f.' ' , Q,-,,w,,, ,, -41 ' ri' .. , 'Y ,,f ,P , r J .,'-,. f , X r ,.- is I 4, ,- 4 , I 1, ,Ah ,N an 4 -",lm., rl. ' S w ' X --Gfangga, u 1 Qf 1 w m " L V M- ,. V 1 1, ,X W N 1, , ll' " .' X ?'HYqkYpLc1g:, f. ul .05 1' my , , 14 .: ,1,'! . . . 1,1 . . an . --Y 1. V., . . -, ' 1 A-.112 ' .., ,. 6 T A V ,fu w " . 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' "F -PG I. :L ,IK in ,,.,. f,"" I , vw 4 K ,-W-kr fore v P 6 FUR HEAI. NIILUNESS f Hes Si?-6-ef Chesterfields take the lead for mildness . . .they take the lead for better taste. YVith their right combination of the World's best cigarette tobaccos they give millions more smoking pleasure. the change to Chesterfield W0 VEWZAZI' 1 9 60 WET .Elqkf 4 M Famou Yacht man calls amels lrllhe AND rl HAI' S IMPORTAN I' best Cigarette bu 774"I'HEYl3UR1?I LONGER, Coclma, fi. 'fa ,,.awmf"'fd V, Q t 'X .f 'W'- ,.r .,..,,sm .. b X . f i", 1 . . affix., I.. ATl.'RALl.Y. a rigare-tte noted for its generous rontent of bet- ter tobacco gives you hetter Ciga- rette value. docsnit it? Espevially when that same lvrantl smokes longer. slower-gives more smoking-than the average of all the othcrl5hrantls 1-oniparetl in lahoratory testsl Yes. tlit-rc is surh a vigarette. Its name is Camel. Full details are told at right - tht' results of recent searvhing te-sts hy impartial svientists. These tests t'0Ill'll'lIl what many smokers have long ohservetl lor tlwnisvlves. Cnpvrisrht, 1939, R. J. Reynolds Tohn--f-u Cnmnnny, Winston-bnlnzni, N. C. For instanvc. uJZl4'lin Divkerson labove,lcftJ. prominent in yachting circles of the Eastern seahoarcl. says: "Yavht racing is one hohhy of mine :mtl you might vall Camel cigarettes another. l turnetl to Camels hevause they hurn longer, smoke milrler. They go farther-give extra smoking antl always have il fresh. appealing llavorf, Camels are mellow. fragrant with the aroma of vhoire tolnavros in a matchlcss hlencl. Turn to ClllIll'lS.. the cigarette of costlier luhaa-1-ns. for more pleasure. more smoking. SAYS JOIIX S. DIPKEIISON. JR wllateveg- pl-ice you pay per pack 1t's important to remember this fact ., By burning 2571 slower than the av: , era e of the 15 other of the llrgnq ef-llmg hrlnds tested l0XVf'l th m am of them CAMELQ gne -1 Gmok mg Pllw equal to EXTRA SMOKE PER PACK 'flux fn HIMIQL rzaxvwg U 0 BLFNDMEMIC d Ci - Y t E-'arettcs ws ere coniparf-.1 n-C,.,,tly.uSiX- een of thc largest-selling hrands...under 1 -nn. "x rg I ,r . , V, -S. , Z , ' 'f V 1 , '- V17 r '- lt e.,-,,ng, ' Y, V Y I V -1 4 , Q A v Y' +-' 1 ' s 7 a t U R . A t. . t. U . 5 - " 1 0 l""Cfru :hc searching tests of impartial labora- Gry scientists. Findings were a nn as follows: ounccd 1 Camfvls were found to contain more tl inbacco by lfelglll than the avora gr, for ie 5 other of thc largest-selling brands, 2 Eslnlgls lrurncd :wlozwr than any other an, teblfd-2595 slower than the aW'.f1"JC llrllc ofthe I5 other ofthe larw:-51. scllmg brands! By bU"nl".2' 25'Z1 Sloliver on the average, Cangpls gin. Smokers thc: equivalent of 5 atlra smokes per pm-1,-1 3 521125 33319 legit fgumels held :heir S , 'onlvrtz - ,..,,,- for an thi' other braggst I4 aura,-4 time MORE PLEASURE PER PUFF. MORE PUFFS PER PACK! PENNY FOR PENNY YQUR BEST CIGARETTE BUY -.- Wy- l 'L2L5 THE STAFF EDITORS EVELYN A. FIEDLER KATHERINE FEASER RICHARD CUNNINGHAIXI CI'IARLES CROSS CIRCULATION MANAGERS Esther Royston Margaret Heck Virginia Roop Norma Gamhrill ADVERTISING MANAGERS Elizabeth XVeems Tillie Cold Ieanette Iones Margaret Lowry BUSINESS MANAGERS Yvonne Belt Iohn Edward Koontz DEPARTMENT EDITORS Art Dorothy Snoops Alice Trott Miriam Kolodner Audrey Pramschufer Marguerite VVilson Humor Katherine Iacob Frances Shores Elizabeth Melendcz Science Lee McCarriar Iohn Chilcoat Iames O'Connor Athletics Henry Steckler Catherine Paula Nolan Chipman Library Elizabeth Zentz Audrey Horner Doris Klank Mary Di Peppi Service Station leanne Kravetz General Literature Nannette Trott Irma Sennhenn Patricia Herndon Music Sydney Baker Exchanges Mildred Hament Fashions Marie Parr Dorothy Sisk College Events Helen Pieek Howard Stottlemyer Mary Brashears Nancy Metzger TQDTWEE3 EH EIT CONTENTS PACE THE AIXIERICAN STATE TEACIIERS CoL1,EGE . 2 A TINY ToUR ...... 3 A FREIGHTER TRIP . 4 AS THE TWIG IS BENT . S DIARE' OF A IVIAD MUSICIAN . . 6 FORTX'-NINER ........ 7 THE RELATION OF SEMANTICS TO NIODERN EDUCATION . S FIRESIDE CJOINIPANION ...... 9 CAREER VVOIXIAN . 10 GRAY DAY . . ll How Do YoU SPELL? ll SOILLESS GARDENING l2 STAINIP COLLECTING . 13 THE LIBRARY . . . l-l KALTENBORN COIXIIXIENTS . 16 AILUROPUS MELANOLEUCUS 17 EDITORIALS . 18 CALENDAR . 22 ALUIVINI NEWS 22 THE LANGUAGE WITHOUT WORDS . Z4 FASHION FLASHES Z5 UXNIHATYS NENVS?Y7 25 'LSNICKSH . 26 So VV HAT 26 Ho-HUM . . 27 ADN'ERTISELIEN'fS 29 DESIGNS: COVER . Dorothy Snoops Editorial Calvin Parker Catherine Cray Samuel HoiT1nan Iames Iett ALICE MUNN - - Manavinv Editor PACE H , . Audrey Pranischufcr PAGE 25 Evelyn A, Fiedler SNAPSIIOTS - . LCC DICCZIIYILIT THE TOVVER LIGHT is published nionthly - Octolwf through Iunc - by the students of the State Teachers College at Towson, Maryland .......,. l D b 51.50 PER YEAR . 20 CENTS l'llR Cum' THE AMERICAN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE, Gil Eemocrafic dizsfifufiozz M. THERESA XVIEDEFELD HE EVOLUTION of the state teachers college has been a very gradual process which has kept pace, sometimes a lagging one, sometimes in the lead, with the de- velopment of the teaching profession and the growth of the public school system. In the early days when qualifications of teachers were expressed in such terms as 'Amoral character," "moral and civil breeding," and "discreet ladies," training for teachers was not thought of. Later, when the tenets of faculty psychology, the transfer of training or mental discipline, were more widely known and accepted, good drill masters were needed. Persons who knew how to "read, and write, and whip," how to drill and hear the lessons, were recognized as the best teachers. One who could read a textbook could teach the pupils what was in it. He could assign the pages for study and then hear the pupils recite, sometimes verbatim, what they had memorized. Many stories are told of pupils who "missed the lesson" and were duly punished because they left out a word or changed the order. Training was scarcely necessary for such a method of "keeping school." There have always been certain professionally gifted teachers who developed procedures and methods of instruction which were imitated by their own scholars, so that good teachers have always done a kind of incidental teacher trainingg and there has been a transmission of educational philosophy and practice from one teaching generation to the next. The demand for the establishment of state school systems and for normal schools where teachers might be educated in the "Science of Education. Art of Teaching, and the Mode of Governing Schools." began to be seriously urged in the early part of the nineteenth century. At that time Froebel was living and advancing his theo- ries: the philosophy of Pestalozzi was at its height in Americag faculty psychology was still widely accepted. Hartley and Hume had formulated the laws of associationg lohn Stuart Mill had proposed his theory of mental chemistry and C-all had per- fected his system of the specialized cortical areas. The experimental psychologists had begun their work. In 1860 Fechner wrote his paper on mental measurements, and Francis Oaltorrs new methods of research and studies of individual differences were known. Herbert Spencer. the first of the evolutionists and the Hrst to develop a concept of heredity, was conducting his experimentsg and Herbart, known as the father of scientific pedagogy, lived and died during the first half of the nineteenth century. ln addition, the experimental laboratory of XVundt, the German pliilos- opher, and his group of physiological psychologists were attracting world-wide at- tention by the Endings of their experimental investigations. Surely the time was ripe for the establishment of normal schools where such in- formation could be disseminated and at least a beginning made toward translating it into classroom practices. A long period of time is required to ettect such a transfer of knowledge: however. it serves as high motivation and the best of the students are stimulated to action. fContinued on page 3Oj TOWER LIGHT PERHAPS YOU are one of the many who enjoy the magazine covers which make our distinctive American tourist seem perfectly absurd. If not, you do like the popular cartoons of them, don't you? lt is one of our pe- culiarities that whereas all of us rejoice in travel almost without exception, we resent being placed in the Utourist class." VVell, regardless of caricature, cartoons and popu- lar derision, l like to be a tourist and choose to be one whenever opportunity permits. This summer l travelled for two whole days, and if that isn't sufficient to enroll me as a "tourist," just classify me as an ambitious kin- dergartener. Give me time, and I'll do my best to become one! Our party of congenial friends had little time or money for travel, but plenty of urge to go Somewhere. So we planned a three-day motor trip which had to be condensed at the last moment into two days. XVith no attempt to hurry, we reached Monticello, jefferson's home, before noon of the first day. Very attentively we followed the guide around, finding special interest in noting facts and details which had escaped us on pre- vious visits. The Historical Society, now owning the shrine, is continuously working toward complete res- toration and had, since my previous visit, restored the ice-house, stables, carriage house, and bath-house. VVe wondered if a house so far removed from the living- rooms could serve for our notion of a "bath-house," or whether this term had once meant "laundry" Driv- ing down the mountainside we were tempted to make a hasty visit to Monroe's home, but instead, continued on into Charlottesville. where we dined in leisurely fashion at the Green Tea Room, a distinctive Southern home which is capitalizing upon its historic associations. Along with dessert we considered road maps and the best route to Skyline Drive. VVithin an houris drive, someone remarked irritably, 'AWhat can be the matter with my ears?" Others agreed that their ears felt "funny," too, and then we realized that we were climbing rapidly up the mountain. A change of temperature was becoming obvious. also. and those wraps which had seemed so superfluous in the morning were used with genuine appreciation. Almost as seon as we had passed the entrance to Federal Park, we came upon a most inviting CCC camp. and when we stopped in a few minutes at the first lookout point to register forever in our memories this first panoramic view of Shenandoah Valley, the CCC boys made them- selves our well-bred hosts. They pointed out best places to stand for widest eye-sweeps, and gave interesting information when requested. They were gentleinanly in every way, wherever we stopped, and gave us real pride NOVEMBER - 1939 A Tiny Tour M. CLARICE BERSCI-I in some New Deal ventures. There were three camps, each of them models of neatncss, and in appointments, equal to that of the better mountain resorts. Trav- eling along the Skyline affords in miniature all the thrills of mountain travel anywhere. Looking to the west, over the Shenandoah, one gets a vividness of impression far beyond that to be gained from the top of Pikc's Peak. Then with a brief turn of thc road, one looks to the east, over evergreen, forested slopes, rivalling in beauty the "Switzerland of the Rockies." Again the speed with which one changes from looking endlessly toward the Atlantic to an equally far sweep toward the Pacific is strongly suggestive of the C-rand Corniche, as it wriggles around the Italian and French Riviera. Completing the Drive was enough for one day so we drove on to Luray. a typical tourist town which feeds upon visitors to the Caverns. XVe preferred to digest our "mountain-top experiences" over night before com- plicating them with underground wonders. so we merely drove around Luray for general impressions and inci- dentally to find a restful hotel for the night. Pleasant prospects for our second day were dimmed by a heavy mist which turned into a steady downpour before noon. VV e were disappointed in not seeing from the Valleys bottom. that which we had looked upon the previous day. However, Endless Caverns were our first major objective, and we promptly forgot weather in the absorbing underworld. l entered the Caverns with remembrances of a visit to Kentuckys famous lvlammoth Caves. There, in 1920. each of us had been fitted with a miner's cap in which was set a burning torch, we had followed our guide in almost pitchy dark- ness. at times, crawling through passages three feet high, squirming up winding board ladders from one level to the nextg and finally, boat-riding on Echo River where we had to lic Hat in the boats, while we propelled ourselves along by pushing with the palms of our hands against the over-arching earth. SVC emerged from the Caves muddy and weary from a five-mile jaunt and sooty beyond recognition. l expected something similar in the Endless Caverns. l could not have been more delightfully surprised. The Caverns are fully lighted by electricity. The walkway is everywhere gradual. clean and spacious. The natural, underground colorings are beautifully varied from warm browns through greens, sky-blues. snowy whites to sparkling rainbow crystals. The Fairies' Pool is a gem of exquisite light refraetions and the Fairies' Palace so dainty that only a fairy could have dreamt it. Xlost inipressive of all, though. just before wc emerged. we stood in total darkness. wlulc the guide touched electric tContinued on page 1' W 'J A rreigmer 'nip FROM BALTIMORE TO SEATTLE DR. ANNA ABERCROMBIE NYE DECIDED one Sunday afternoon. Dr. Aber- crombie and I. that we wanted a vagabond voyage-free from conventions. but on a safe boat. Friends had spoken of trips on freighters. but many of these carried only men passengers. Through the New York Times we learned of the Nelson Line. travelling between New York and Seattle-stopping at other Atlantic ports to take on safe freight. Our travel agent. Miss Einstein. was consulted and through her we made a fine contact. So on Iune 30th we boarded our vessel at Port Coving- ton. Baltiinore. among the eight passengers and thirty- one crew making the voyage. Having less than hfty on board the vessel carried no radio operator so we occupied his quarters on the boat deck. Our first stop was at Norfolk where electric refrigerators were taken on. Here it was our privilege to learn what a truly great business freight carrying is. and how each hatch and its contents is blue printed and put in charge of a ship's officer. At Charleston, S. C.. we made another stop. I was so interested in seeing the old city again that I forgot about freighters. 'XYe bought some peach leather. a de- lectable sweet made of peach marmalade. Ne:-:t came Savannah.-going up the Savannah River we were greeted by the lady with the lantern and the dog. The vessel had to make three landings to take on naval stores for Cristobal. This would take the entire time. so the day was ours. The captain gave instructions to meet the vessel at a special wharf at a specihed time. Savannah is a quaint city with its old plantations and its courteous people. A school-house two stories high and occupying an entire city block attracted our attention. XVhen ready to sail. we missed our second cook. so we left without him. Vlfhen we reached Iacksonville the next morning. standing on the wharf waiting for us was our second cookg he had come down by train. Leaving lack- sonville. I noticed engine trouble and was promptly called a "back-seat driver." It was not long before every one had a chance to experience the trouble. for the en- gine stopped. The captain said. "The engine has split her condenser-head." The anchor was dropped and we were thus held until repairs were made. XVe made no more stops till we reached Cristobal. but oh the beauty of the trip, We did not go through the C-ulf of Mexico. instead. we went through the Caribbean. between Cuba and Haiti. It was like travelling into a land of gold: the sea was green or blue in turn: the sky a scintillating gold. red 4 and blue. The marine life was of great interest, the Hy- ing Hsh were numerous: the huge turtles insisted upon accompanying the vessel: at sundown. great schools of porpoise frolicked nearg some said they were shedding marine parasites: others guessed they were simply play- ing. One morning. the first mate. who was on watch at four bells. came hurriedly to us. exclaiming, "A dol- phin is leading the boat. and this bespeaks a safe voyage." One evening. at sundown, we saw in the dis- tance two huge water spouts. XVe were near enough to see them clearly. but far enough away to be perfectly safe. XYatching the constellations one night. we saw the Southern Cross. It is difficult to tell which is more beautiful. the sea. the sunset. or the heavens. The crew, practically minded. put out lines and first caught a young shark. then a barracuda. The barracuda. with its great fangs. was formidable looking: he was promptly butchered and eaten by the family. Vie entered the harbor of Cristobal at four in the morningg the sight was heavenly. All were up and dressed. unwilling to miss anything. This was the only time I saw the captain disturbed. "Folks," he said. "you cannot go ashore until the health authorities give per- mission." I have often wondered since. where he really thought we would have attempted to go ashore. since we were anchored out. Cristobal is an interesting plaeeg the meeting place of vessels from many nations. XVhen we were trying to find the dividing line between Cristo- bal and Colon. some one came to our rescue: it is simply the other side of the street. XVe wanted to buy everything we saw. including the cute little marmosette monkeys. Vfhen we left the boat. the captain said that we would sail at three-fifteen. and when the captain says: "3:lS." he means just that. The vessels had to go through the locks by day. At Cristobal we took on a special crew. who took the freighter through the locks. The Panama Canal is a marvelous feat of engineering, and it is carefully protected. The crew that takes a vessel from Cristobal to Balboa returns. and another crew takes a vessel from Balboa to Cristobal. During our passage three companies of infantry guarded it. YVe sailed at the appointed time. but without our mess boys. At Gatun. a sentry called. "Have your captain come on deck. we are holding two men on the reserva- tion who say they are members of your crew." Sure enough. coming toward us. under guard. were our boys, looking very sheepish. A ladder platfomi was laid across. It was said that they were given Mlrish promotion." whatever that may mean. From Balboa. we sailed thir- teen days without landing. These were wonderful days, full of interest. The crew cleaned and painted the vessel inside. The passengers spent the time in reading and watching the coast-lines of rContinued on page 82 TOWER LIGHT s The Twig Is Bent - - QUITE FREQUENTLY today we find a few par- ents and even some teachers who disagree one hundred percent with the fairly recent activity movement in the school system, charging the directors with wasting their ehildren's time and the taxpayers' money. Fortunately, we have reached a point where such views are in the minority, for the great number have come to appreciate the inestimable value of first hand experience and a reasonable amount of wholesome mental and physical activity. If. for the benefit of the dwindling opposition, we could but turn back the pedagogical diary to I879, for instance, it is possible that a new light might be brought to shine upon the strict, meaningless disci- plinary standards, the rigid adherence to tradition and formality, and the teacher dominated situations: in the hope that the glaring contrast with present day trends Awould condemn, in no uncertain terms, the futility and impraeticability of the Hold school." Upon examining some of the old records in "Crime and Punislnnent in the Schoolroomf' we are at first moved to laughter over the absurditiesg but we soon realize the effects of such conditions, and our sympathy goes out to those poor, unnecessarily handicapped, I children. Apparently the teacher must have been Argus- I eyed, and gifted with the hearing of a super-watchdog. It seems that nothing, either in or out of school, escaped j her observation and that such actions as were contrary Ito accepted rulings of the day were duly recorded in the rather weighty volume specifically reserved for this purpose. Familiar lapses from juvenile grace included impudenee, inattention, stubbornness, and tardiness: all of which were judged somewhat on a sliding scale. lim was recorded as 'ttalkingf' while jones committed the graver wrong of "constant talking." Then there were plain 'Aordinary disorder," "constant disorder," "per- sistent disorderf' and, finally, the maximum wrongdoing -"gross disorder." fNIiss Yoder would have to have a private secretary during library hours.j Along the in- terminable list we find one who was put down for forging a note, another for pulling a boy's nose and bringing combustibles to class, and horror of horrors. one who had imitated a cat-cry in music class. Idling and indolence were also punishable offenses, however, j it seems that the boys who rated a mere "idling" must hhave missed a lot of fun. The roaring coal stove that j heated the room was a tempting target and the cause j of many a boy's downfall. Spitballs, you know, make a lively sizzling sound when they come in contact with jlNOVEMBER . 1939 jf j 1 v i l . i CHARLES GROSS a hot stove, and perfumed crayons will scent up the whole room if but allowed to melt a few seconds. .Xe curacy was developed in hitting that little hole in the door every time. Qutside the schoolrooin the children were no less determined to satisfy their craving for activity and real experiences. Lunches were taken, caps were snatched, sling shots were cleverly manipulated, and fences were climbed. Red pepper and itching powder were in com- mon use. and sin of sins, Horace went down in the book for "hallooing to the girls." This brief sketch may appear as a decided extreme, and rightly so. Nevertheless, it presents a true picture of the habits, skill, and attitudes built up in the schools of our grandparents and even of some of our parents. Those mischievous, energetic youngsters of a former day were not basically unlike our children of today. The same lust for excitement, and constant seeking of some new physical activity is just as prominent in our time. However, we have just cause to feel that we have climbed to a much higher level on the ladder of edu- eative methods than that reached in the schools of yesterday. Our educators have guided and directed those same emotions of the child to develop real initia- tive. courage, leadership, and responsibility through a genuine interest in, and recognition of, the individual needs. One may visit nearly any one of our schools of today and see this process in action. The child is fast becoming the center of the school system. The trend is definitely toward the development and encourage- ment of young ideas and tendencies, rather than toward their inhibition. D U S K S. DAVIS D A R K N E S S so soon? Father just left for work .... XV hen will people leave me alone? Everyone is so sol- emng they weep so silently. furtivcly, as if I were not to know .... Queer how suddenly night approached. It almost seems that I might be blind .... Impossible! I - why day before yesterday v- or was it last week? I went swimming with the gang .... john dared me to dive from the point: it was low tide .... Everyone is so solicitous, so eager to do things for me .... Why is if eternally dusk? Life seems to go on as usual . . . Cllil dren are playing outside: people are coming and gi-ini. the phone keeps ringing .... Diary of H ad MuSiCia.n CATIIERINE GRAY RICH IXIAN, poor Illllll, beggar-111an. thicfg doctor, lawyer, 1ne1'cl1a11t. chief. l"ortunate individuals. No o11e to stare at tl1e111. No OIIC to say, "Now, wait a11d sec. she will make a mistake a11y n1i1111tc now," or, ushe will never make a good modclg look at tl1e way she walks across the stage. And tl1c way sl1c Hops i11to that seat. lXIy dear, it is simply disgraceful." YVhy must the 111usicia11 suffer this embarrassment? XVhy has cruel fate destined l1i111 to almost unbearable ill-luck? The lawyer faces the jury, b11t the judge keeps them quiet. The doctor faces his patients, but they're afraid thcy'll bc poisoned, so they keep quiet. The chief faces his squad, bllt they're afraid they 111ay lose their jobs. so they keep quiet. But what hold has the musician over his a11die11ce? How can he threaten them? They figure that they are doing him a favor by liste11ing to him. Besides, cve11 if we of the fifth estate could master our audience. we are bound to have some un- pleasant experience. It is Kismet. Let me explain. I do 11ot claim to be a musician, but occasionally I'm permitted to appear at recitals and on various programs. The fact that I'm 11ot a Chopin does not keep the afore1ne11tio11ed 'tmusician's curse" away from me. For example, n1y first recital is at l1a11d. Strange, I feel so cal111. XValking across the stage is nothing. At last I'm seated. The rollftop stool is too low. Simple, I'll just screw it 11p a little. Better do it quick, that audience won't wait forever. One good jerk ought to-Oh-my. The top is off tl1e stool. Never will I forget the waves of heat that swept over my face. The audience tittered. To this day, I do not re1ne111ber how I got the stool back on, played. or how I got off the stage Flllfl back to my seat. But llly diary is Lll1COI1Vl1lCCCl. He does not feel that this proves that a curse hangs like the sword of Da- mocles over tl1c musician's head. XVell, let me tell you what happened at the second performance. I wore a gorgeous taffeta dress. The colors changed in light from d11ll red to blue, to purple. Somehow, I forgot that the footlights at the hall were multi-colored: yellow, orange, grec11, brown and red. No piano stool troubled me this time. but about half-way through 111y selection, I 110- ticed 111y ha11ds for the first ti111e. They were spotted with horrifying colors. Did I have the 111easles? My Ull1DlDCCl IDFQIIII was pierced by the thought. "I bet my face looks like 111y hands." I forgot the c11di11g of the music, and wandered vag11cly. Franticallv, my teacher signalled. "End witl1 the 'f' chordf, Unconsciouslv HIV fingers slid to the c11di11g and I exited sideways from the stage. 6 The thought of a recital makes goose-pimples play tag up a11d dow11 1ny spi11e. But we 1n11sicia11s uncon- sciously feel for o11r fellow-victims, also. My friend a11d I walked down the aisle toward the stage. Gur teacher, Miss Howard, told us that klllOlIllCf pupil played before us. The wi11gs were dark, and as Marion a11d I edged toward the stage, someone said, "Now, Iosephine, you 1n11st do well. That overbeari11g Miss Howard is just waiting for you to make a mistake, so l1cr pupils can show you up." It was tl1e first player's teacher. Marion a11d I tried to get away, b11t just as we moved, the teacher came from the side and bumped i11to us. In doi11g so, we came nearer the footlights a11d she saw who we were. Marion's name had been called. The people were waiting. The woman was blocking the way. Marion stumbled around her and walked unsteadily to the piano. Neither of us ever mentioned the incident to HIIYOIIC and although we have played at the hall many times, we never saw that teacher again. Perhaps it is now clear that the 1n11sicia11 is under a curse. I have tried to overcome it, but it is impossible. 1 At one recital, I purposely arranged for a piano bench to be used instead of a roll-top stool, wore a neutral colored dress, had my teacher bring the music fonce I forgot ith, and wore shoes with straps fat a previous recital, I had caught the high heel between the fioor and the loud pedall. I11 spite of all of these precautions something happened. A precocious problein-child who had long si11ce finished playing amused himself by pull- i11g the hair of a girl in front of him. Before I reached the piano, the darling child pulled Ollt a bean-shooter, and we11t i11to actio11. The psychology of children as taught in Psychology and Education were gone with the wind. It was living a nigl1t111are to stay calmly seated at the piano and play as though nothing were 011 my n1i11d except the music. Anticipation, however, is ten times worse tllilli actuality. Halfway through the piece, I heard a snap. The boy had caught the shooter in the back of a girl's chair, a11d she had leaned back suddenly a11d broken it. Bless her. Are you convinced that the 1n11sicia11 has his share of trouble? Do you thi11k that you would like to go from recital to recital, dreading what is bound to l1ap- pen, and, hoping that, whatever it is, it will 11ot be too noticeable? The SUSPCIISC is a terrible thing and yet, OIIC keeps on playing. XVhy? I do 11ot IQIIOXV. Perhaps it is because the 'fcurse" provides a thrill, and adds zest to tl1e evening, or perhaps it is because one is al- ways trying to beat Fate to the punch, and live for the evening wl1en everything will go perfectly. TOWER LIGHT 1 r 3 l The Death of Nature ELIZABIETIHI M. LEXV IS DEATH TAPS each limb sharply, young and old alike, and the dry leaves fall softly to the ground. Some are clad in scarlet while others are arrayed in tawny gold and deep purple. As I walk, brown leaves, crisp with age. cry out under the pressure of my feet: and the dry twigs snap. The wind moans and sighs in the dry branches and an icy breeze sends cold chills scam- pering up my spine. The smell of the earth and the wild scent of the cedar trees till my nostrils with a strange, deathly odor. Death hovers over all of the flowers and the tangled bushes. Not one blade escapes its cold touch. Xlfhcre once had been soft moss and green turf, I see but the brown stubble' of autnnm. The distant hills. robbed of their summer beauties, stand out bare ren and brown against the pale haze of the autumn sky. XVith its deep reds and sombre purples, autumn is scattering death over all the land. I look far out into the barren fields, and a feeling of sadness comes over me. The blood-red moon creeps up into the sky and shines like a lamp up in the trees. An icy feeling spreads over my soul. XVrapping my coat closely about me, I shiver and pass on. Forty-Nine: MILDRED HAMENT TOO OFTEN people allow talents and abilities to lie dormant, and are content to drift along without ever contributing their ideas. Therefore. when it does come to our attention that some individual has recog- nized a special gift through previous training in a school organization, and has used this knowledge, our faith in the value of such extra-curricular activities is restored. The Towrsiz Lrer-IT staff is able to point with pride to YVilliam Podlieh as an outstanding example of one whose successful literary work with children was inspired through his work as editor of the Towiiiz LIGHT in 1935 and 1936. Mr. Podlich's work began when he suggested to his Seventh Grade class that they publish a paper about the interesting things the whole elementary school was doing. The children evidently became very enthusiastic over the ideag for it has resulted in a school magazine. edited, illustrated, and mimeographed by the children of the class. The magazine has a complete staff, and each child has a position in the department of his own choice. Children from all classes in the school contrib- ute to the magazine. They are given opportunity to express themselves in poetry, fiction, true stories. re- views. essays. etc. Freedom of expression is one of the keynotes of the magazine. Views on foreign affairs are presented, and the children are thus given an insight into the problems which confront the world today. The common interest in the magazine furnishes a link be- tween the grades of the school, and brings the children into closer contact with one another. They are learmng how to work harmoniously and to respect each other's opinions. It is a progressive step for children to be NOVEMBER - 1939 The Taunting Refrain BARBARA HAILE A DULL GRAY, dense, impenetrable fog overlaid the land. Headlights on cars, man's guiding force. could only push it ahead two feet. VVhat was beyond? No one knew. It shut in the world, defying the people and their electrical toys to overcome its power. It was de- pressing: yet it was conquering. Men groped aimlessly, always conscious of the illusive Fog's taunting refrain, A'You are alone, helplessg you are afraid." The misty cold drops obstinately pressed down on the creeping cars and pedestrians. all helpless. There was no place to go except to Death, or whatever lay beyond. And to Death some did go-the Fog's meaningful warning! VV hy should it have to bother humans? Humans have enough to worry themg they're always in a hurry. They have to do things. The Fog calmly settled down to stay for daysg it obliterated one man from sight of anotherg and drew its cloak together still more tightly. lt was the master. Man was helpless. given complete supervision of work that is literary in character. where they are encouraged to express their own ideas freely. The children showed by their selection of the title of their magazine that they realize the values of their work. The name Forty-Nincr was chosen to show that they are following in the footsteps of those pioneers who were seeking gold by seeking knowledge and ideas equalling the value of thc precious metal. Mr. Podlich merits congratulations on his line accom' plishments. YVe hope his work may bc an ineentixc to those people who have original idcas to develop skills and capacities in the children with whom they rwrk. A The Relation of Semantics to Modern Education JAMES G. IETT TIIIL YVAY A person thinks is vitally important in this life. and everyone thinks in terms of a language. A language can be abstract or it can be concrete-accord ing to the way it is taught to the individual. If thoughts are based on definite facts and not on abstract concep- tions, the person who thinks those thoughts can ob- tain all the truth and beauty there is to be had in life. The foremost educators and educational theorists have recognized that meaning is the essence of a language, and that words, which make up a language, are the essence of thought. Modern progressive education stresses the importance of having the child know the relationship of words and objects. The work carried on is especially noticeable in the reading courses. The children are supplied with various experiences during which they come in contact with material things-animals, trees, flowers, birds, and various technical instruments. These last are met when the children are taken on excursions to a dairy or per- haps soine factory, The procedures which follow ex- cursions and walks tie. the classroom procedures in teaching the child to readj bring forth and show the concreteness of language. Educational methods in the teaching of reading lead to clear thinking. Dchnite work in this direction is be- gun immediately in the primary grades. The children, as previously stated, are given experiences about which they later read. In reading of their own experiences, interest among the children is inevitable. The reading is made easy because the children know the things, the words about which they read. Cradually, however. the reading becomes a little more abstract in so far as actual and direct contact is concerned. This is offset by the development of the children's minds. They can apply geography, history, and science to their reading as well as they can apply reading to their geography, history, and science and thus make the ideas more real and meaningful. An important aim of the newer education is to help the child understand and adjust himself to the world in which he lives. IIis world changes in his conception as his experiences increase and accumulate, and so also does the outer world change as facts and misjudgments are re-aligned. NV e perceive, therefore. that a good wav to increase understanding is to be analytical. The pro- gram of analysis of subject-matter content is included 8 in nearly all the subjects of the curriculum. In reading classes, stories are analyzed, and in history or social stud- ies, govcrmnents and total organizations are examined. The procedure of going from the whole to the parts is reversed by the putting together of experiences to gain conceptions and ideas. The relationship of fact to fact is brought out during this process. Meaning is empha- sized and meaning is obtained. Semantics, the science of meaning, has found a place in the modern philoso- phies of education. The importance of meaning in thinking is evident, the importance of thinking in life has been established on a high standard. Modern edu- cation reaches the roots of thinking when it teaches zneaning to the children of the nation. A FREIGHTER TRIP TO SEATTLE f Continued from page -fl Central America, Mexico and Lower California. Up the Pacific we saw a total eclipse of the moon. On the morning of the thirteenth day we docked at San Pedro, where we were to spend two days. XV e left the vessel as early as possible to go to Santiago to visit the Exposition. The great oil-derricks seen everywhere interested us very much. The next day we spent in Los Angeles. Leaving San Pedro, we were compelled to put on warm clothes. In due time, the vessel docked at San Fran- cisco. The strikers took care of the crew. Here the crew declared the end of a perfect trip. Because of the strike, the freighter remained in San Francisco. VVe stayed with the vessel until the last. XV e, the passengers for Seattle, were sent up by motor-coach through the redwoods, and then along the forty miles of highway. skirting the coast from Crescent City to Portland. Wfe reached Van- couver, our destination, five weeks after the day we started. The life on shipboard was fine. Among the crew, many nations were represented. Our captain and second mate were Danes. The first mate, a Swede, third mate, a German, the engineer and officers' mess boy were Americans, his assistant, a Norwegian. The steward was Chilean, the first cook, an Irishman: the second cook, Italian, crew's mess boy a Spaniard, and we all lived together so peaceably that I concluded, "surely all men are brothersf, I must not forget the gull which met the vessel, perched herself on the top of the Hag staff, and, like a queen, rode through the Colden Cate into the harbor. TOWER LIGHT Fizfesidea Com anion., PICTURE A Cold and blustery winter night. Outside a pale moon struggles breathlessly with madly rushing black clouds, while faint and frosty stars blink their consternation. VVithin, where the wriggling lingers of flame wave merrily in the fireplace, and a softly glowing lamp sheds its comforting rays upon a well-worn easy chair, the stage is perfectly set for an evening of musing. It is said that any good thing is most enjoyed when it is shared with someone else. Still, one hesitates to exchange the perfection of such an evening by choosing any human companion. There are few people who have the gift of harmonious silence. Scarce, indeed, are those who understand the needlessness of words and who see the beauty of an evening spent in absolute quiet and repose. Yet, the evening can be satisfactorily shared. The perfect companion to the iireside world of dreams is none other than the cat. How well he blends with the surroundings. The soft- ness and warmth of his long silky fur symbolizes the comfort of the room. and makes one conscious of its pleasant contrast to the cold without. Hold and stroke this warm, fuzzy fellow, for he is to a great extent re- sponsible for the cozy atmosphere which prevails. Hear his drowsy, intermittent purr. How it lulls and soothes one, and invokes dreamy reverie. XV hat a balm for nerves worn ragged by the wearisome tasks of daily life. Now quiet rules. As one drifts gently on the sea of his thoughts, he feels a light. dry scraping along his hand. A lazy, downward glance reveals kitty busily at work with his pink tongue, tendering his welcome af- fection in a pleasant and unobtrusive way. Now he decides to rise from his place at his master's side. Note the graceful arch of his back, and the rippling of the lithe muscles under his velvety fur. He yawns, and a pink tongue is seen curling upward between tiny. pointed white teeth of needle sharpness. VVatehing him, one muses about many things. There comes a vision of his ancestors, the giant saber-toothed tiger, and the sleek black panther. padding silently through primordial jungles. Or perhaps one thinks of Egypt in the time of the Pharaohs and pictures the cat watching with aloof dignity as the ancients reverently bow before her in worship. Again. there may arise in j,the mind's eye a scene from the Middle Ages. the time l of black magic. Here the cat appears perched upon an old hag's shoulder, watching as she stirs a cauldron and mumbles strange words. TINOVEMBER . 1939 P IRMA SENNHENN Ile arches his back. and his eyes become green and malevolent. As one sees the changing scenes of the ages in the fire, there comes the realization that thc cat has seldom been regarded as an ordinary creature. Ile has either been hated. feared. or highly exalted. XVhat sub- jects for thought he offers! XVhat scenes concerning him can be conjured up in the fire! Now he walks about the room with inincing step and gently waving tail, his steps making less noise than a falling flower petal. Ones dreams are not in the least disturbed. Thus the evening passes, full of associations and pic- tures in the tire, while the stately cat, whether moving about or curled up by the easy chair, fulhlls his duty as an amiable companion in a way no human being could hope to do, Noble animal! No one can say that he does not justify his existence! To my own cat, a lovely white Persian with huge yel- low eyes, I offer my most heartfelt thanks. To your genial companionship, Thomas Percival, I owe some of the most enjoyable moments of my life. VVinter nights and crackling iires and cats-here in- deed is a formula for comfort and contentment. W H Y ? SHIRLIE DIAMOND Hath Earth's fair soil again been stained Vffith crimes that shamed the deeds of Cain Have black greed's slaves-the kings of men Invoked that demon Vlfar again? Oh. distant. silent moon so white. Eternal sovereign of the night, In sailing o'er the universe. Wfliat late disturbs thy wonted peace: 7 Oh. moon. what of the sordid scenes. The ruthless deeds of vandal fiends, The slaughtered hosts. the wasted land 'Neath Victory's baneful crimson brand? Oli. moon, in thine ethereal sphere. hlidst myriad stars with heaven near, lXIethinks that God Ilimself must bc Guarding the world up there with thee. And. moon, when telling Iliin tonight. All thou hast seen-the ruin. blight. The sin of war-wilt ask Ilini why This bitter curse is on usw-Wliy? OF COURSE. Matilda wasn't beautiful. But then. not many girls in joncstown were. Klaybe that was why Myrna Loy and Carole Lombard always drew a large audience at the Main Street theatre. Still, as Matilda examined herself. first in her vanity mirror, and then in the full length mirror on her bedroom door. she was rather wistful. Rosemary jones did have fine black curly hair while hers was coarse. and brown and unruly. And Lillian Rogers had a sparkling smile and white hands with perfect finger nails. while she, Matilda Squinch. wore a gold brace on her teeth and could not adequately conceal her clumsy hands with their stubby fingers and brittle nails that broke every- time that they had managed to grow a little. She envied petite Betty Lawrence with her slim waist and small feet and groaned inwardly every time she had to order a size seven shoe. If these girls weren't such good friends of hers. she would have been insanely jealous of them all. Tonight. as she sat in her small quiet room working out math problems. which she would good naturedly give to the girls in the morning, her "girl friends" were all having a good time at the Country Club dance. At this very moment. they were no doubt laughing and joking and drawing a flock of admirers to them from the stag line. Matilda tried to draw her mind away from these heart-rending thoughts and back to the half-finished math problems before her. but she knew that school work was not sullicient consolation for one who was so lonely. Although she probably had the ability. she did not excel in hcr studies simply because she found it too hard to concentrate on something that did not appeal to her when other thoughts were always present and renewing themselves every day. So she let her mind again wander and dwell on her friends claims to popularity. As she sat thus engrossed. she did not hear the first very faint tapping on her door. Mrs. Squinch tapped louder and Matilda jumped as she realized that the tapping was NOT being caused by her own pencil. She quickly disposed of her paper of doodlings and as- sumed a studious attitude. before she asked quietly. 'tYes?" Mrs. Squinch opened the door and entered the room apologctically. "I'm sorry to disturb you. dear. but Dad- dy and I have just been discussing your application blank for the university next year. I'Iave you decided what you'rc going to major in?" "Not yet. Mumsy. I really don't think I have any talent for anything." "But there must be something that interests youf' 10 areer Woman IEANETTE ULRICH 'tXVell, the home economics course sounds inviting." She flung her arms about her mother's neck with an affection- ate gesture. "Oh, Mumsy," she said. "do you think I'll ever be as good a manager and housekeeper as you?" XVhat she really meant to ask was whether she'd ever be a wife and housekeeper at all. Mrs. Squinch, pleased at this bit of flattery, ex- prfgsed herself as delighted at her choice, she wasn't especially anxious to have a career woman in her family. Matilda met Lillian and Betty and Rosemary on the usual corner the next morning. before the four of them trudgcd reluctantly off to school. As she had expected, they all were a trifle late and each one had forgotten something in her haste to leave the house. They chat- tered gayly of the preceding evening and felt delight- fully sinful when they told Matilda that they did not get home until 1:30. Matilda chided them with mock severity. praying silently that some day she might be able to tell of foolish and mildly startling escapades. After they had rehashed all the important and incidental items of another thrilling episode that they would re- cord in their high school days Memory Book. there occurred a brief silence. Unwilling to have the con- versation lag. Matilda told the girls that she was enroll- ing in the university. "Not really! Oh, you lucky thing!" exclaimed Rose- mary with a trace of envy in her voice. "Imagine you at the university while I'm going to have to slave away at business college. and then in a stuffy old office!" Lillian tried to express joy at Matilda's good fortune and at the same time indulge in a bit of self-pity. Betty was thoughtful a moment and then exclaimed, "Oh, I knew there was someone at the university that I knew! Of course! My cousin jack goes there! Tildy, you'll have to look him up for me and keep an eye on him. I haven't seen him since last summer." jokingly Lillian added. "Tildy isn't going to spend all her time chasing after the male population. Betty. She'll have trouble enough trying to keep them apart when they fight to carry her books from the library to the dorm." 'ASure." supplemented Rosemary. "Hire a private de- tective if you're that interested in shadowing your long lost cousin! He probably isn't even worth looking up." "He is. too." said Betty defensively. "and I'll prove it to you by inviting him down for the next Country Club dance. But just because you two have been so Smart. I'm going to date him up with 'Tildyf' Klatilda. who had been cringing under her friends' words. even though they had 1 Continued on page Z8j TOWER LIGHT Gray Day GORDON SHULES TODAY I gets up and I am very sad. It is a gray day and I am having to cook my own breakfast. Sadie, that is the wife, she has gone to visit her mother. So I chokes on half-cooked oatmeal, and leaves for work. I am working for Hyinie Blumberger now, and I have got to get me to work by eight. VV ell, I am feeling very, very low as I get in the car, I find an empty seat. I looks twice, yeah, it is really empty. I make very sure. I should not like to sit on anyone like Aunt Susie did onet. Auntie Susie is deaf and cannot see. This makes me ve1'y happy . . . this seat being empty. I picks up a paper on the Hoor and this makes me happy, also. By now I am feeling very lucky, and give the world a big smile. A young lady in an ad gives me right back that "come hither, but buy YVrigley's" look. Those two bottles of beer next to her certainly make me homesick for the time I worked at Flanagan's brewery. Then I thinks to myself, I must buy me a toothbrush to see if I have pink toothbrush. I am very worried that I might have. lust like Uncle George, who had tubercu- losis from not brushing his teeth. XV ell. I starts to read the paper which I have found and which has made me very happy. It is Called the "Daily XVorker." This Mr. Hitler sure imist be a fright- ful guy. I guess he is like the teacher I had in the Hrst grade. only she did not have a moustache. I am thinking I am going to like this paper. It bawls Mr. Chamberlain out even worse than Hymie bawls Iohn Sullivan and me out. tlohn is the one which has a wife that is very bald and who wears a wig that does not Htl I am surprised when I turn the page. Mr. Chamberlain is an old man with an umbrella. It is not fair, I am thinking, to call such a very nice old man names. I am very deep in reading what Mr. lXIussolini is do- ing. when suddenly I am unable to read any longer. First, there is not light anymore, and. second, there is beside me what looks from where I am jammed. like Madame Bulbo, the fat lady I saw at Ringling's circus last year. Except this lady is wearing more clothes and is chewing what smells like garlic. So it cannot be Mad- ame Bulbo because she would not eat such a thing as garlic on the street ear. She is a very nice lady and it is not her fault she is so plump. Anyhow. this lady's face. I cannot see. I hear her say. 1'lX'Iay I?" as she takes the paper from my hand. Of course. I do not mind because I have read enough. I have only room to breathe in garlic. "I-Iave some?" she says. UNO, thank you," I says. holding my NOVEMBER - 1939 b nose and being very polite like my brotlicr taught nie to be. hly stop is the next one. I do not know Iexaetlv how to let the lady know I must get off. I do not seeiii able to reach the bell because of the way I am squeezed in. I am getting desperate because I know how verv angry Hymie gets at lohn Sullivan and me when we are late. Uohn is the one which has the wife that is very bald.j I give a very gentle shove. But she does not move. I shove a little harder, and again she shoves a bunch of garlic in my face. I very politely hold my nose. and say, f'No, thank you." It is lucky for me she gets off at the same place I do. I am very much surprised when she follows me into Hymie's. A'Isn't it lucky?" says Ilyniie in his best voice. "I'll give you not a cent more. You can ride to work with my sister every day. Isn't that nice, Tina?" I am feeling very sad today. It is a gray day. and I am wishing Sadie fthat is the wifel was home. I-Iow Do You Spell? RICHARD CUNNINCHAM HAV E YOU ever felt the urge to spell words just as they sound? I have, many times. although I have never been able to figure whether an inborn lazy trait or a desire for greater efliciency spurred me to it. Recently I made the discovery in the XVorld Almanac Qthat great. little bookj that many attempts have been made during past centuries to simplify the English lan- guage in spelling and grammatical formg but all have failed because of the conservatism of the people and press. Again and again those few individuals advocating reform have denounced the English language as one of the most inconsistent languages in the world. They claim that it is one of the most diPricult languages to learn chieliy because the spelling and pronunciation of words are contradictory, and assert that phonetic spelling would enable one "to learn spelling merely by learning the letters of the alphabet and their basic sounds alone." On the other hand opponents claim that thc new sys! tem would force one to learn spelling all over again and adjust to the strange appearance of the written forms. Probably one of the first outstanding attempts at simplification took place in ISIS. when a coniniittee. appointed by the American Spelling .Xssoeiation to con' sider certain spelling reforms which had been advot-.itcil by Noah YVebster. reported that iminedi.ite rcforin yi is Il urgent, including "thru" and "catalog." Following this lead of the American Spelling Association, the National Education Association proposed "tho," "altho," 'pro- granr' and "thoro." The movement spread, particularly because it was championed by President Theodore Roosevelt and the renowned Andrew Carnegie, the latter donating 3515,- 000 a year to the cause. Ilowever, when Carnegie died, in 1919. there was a split in the ranks and the movement died a natural death. Today. despite the twenty-year period which has elapsed, we still find some vestiges of the forgotten cause, Among the words commonly seen are "nite," "thru," 'tthof' and "altho." Obviously, no one has made a study of phonetic spelling which has proved to be of lasting value. If you write "nabor" instead of 'tneighbor" because you can't remember whether the "i" comes before or after the ue," why not help the many like you by evolving a prac- tical scheme of phonetic spelling. Soilless Gardening IOHN CHILCOAT The Pan American Airways recently employed Lam- ory T. Laumeister, aged twenty-three, to grow fruits and vegetables on XVake Island, a barren lump of rock in the mid-Pacific. This island, a thousand miles from anywhere else, is without soil. Yet as one of the stepping stones by which the China Clippers bridge the Pacific, it is an important depot for passenger traffic. Therefore. fresh lettuce, ripe tomatoes. new potatoes and the like were badly needed on XVake lsland. To most of you, l know it sounds like a waste of money to hire someone to grow fruits and vegetables on a barren rock but some of you may have guessed that it turned out to be a very good piece of business, for lXlr. Laumeistcr did go to XVake Island and he did pro- duce erops. The secret of his success lies in a knowledge of hydroponics or water culture of plants. By the end of last year, he had produced two hundred forty pounds of vegetables by the use of some forty pounds of chemi- cals valued at Sl7.00. The method used by Mr. Laumeister is based upon the use of tanks built out of wood. A convenient size for one of these tanks is ten feet by one foot bv one foot. This prevents excessive shading. Y Upon these tanks, wooden trays not more than five inches deep and bottomed with a wire mesh such as Hue chicken wire, are placed. These trays are filled with excelsior, wood shavings, or similar material. Seed- ling plants are placed so that their roots dip down into the nutrient solution and their stems are supported by the blanket of excelsior. The solution should be poured in almost to the level of the tray and then inaintaiued with fresh watcrg while every ten days or two weeks, de- 12 pending upon growth, the solution should be siplioned off and after a washing with fresh water. a fresh batch of solution should be run in. The following rules are to be observed in all water culture: l. Tanks or trays should be of wood, not concrete or metal, and should be watcrproofed with a paint which does not contain coal tar or other toxic materials. Z. Strict cleanliness is especially necessary. Failure is certain to follow upon the heels of careless and slovenly habits. 3. The solutions should be maintained at proper de- grees of concentration. Too great strength is more dan- gerous than too weak a concentration. Only observation and experience can dictate the need for changing the solution, although it does no harm to change it often. 4. Rain water is ideal to use because it is free from carbonates and injurious metallic salts. 5. One common thing to watch for is yellowing of leaves caused by lack of iron, lack of sun, or too crowded growth. 6. The water temperature should be maintained at 75 degrees by rise of a thermostat. There is little expense connected with the work. As for types of plants to use, expcrimenters have yet to find something they cannot grow. ln almost every case, the flowers and fruits have been larger in size and su- perior in quality to those grown in soil: and have re- quired from a third to a qrrarter less time to mature. Soilless gardening is new and thrilling: and has in- finite possibilities for the development of agriculture. TOWER LIGHT Stamp Collecting-- A Hobby DON MERRYMAN STAMP COLLECTING is truly an educational and fascinating hobby, There are stamps from every part of the world, of every color and shapeg and each tells a story. Some of these stories possess intense hu- man interest. The best one I have ever found is that of "The Fiery Throne," concerning Gyorgy Dorza, who rose up against the aristocrats of Hungary. Dorza had wanted to be king. Therefore when he was captured his captors made an iron throne for him to sit on, a crown of iron to be placed on his head, and a seeptre of iron to be placed in his hands. These materials were to be heated red hot, and Dorza was to ascend the throne and reign as king until the life was scorched out of his body. This barbaric sentence was actually carried outg yet the revolutionist endured the tortures with unparalleled heroism. No cry of anguish nor plea for mercy escaped his grim set lips. Dchantly he grasped the flaming sceptre. Proudly, for the fraction of a minute. he sat upright on A'The Fiery Throne," Then. crumpling from terrific heat, he fell silently forward, face down upon the cool earth. Thus ended Hungary's first revolutionist, Gyorgy Dorza, who had tried to overturn the social system of his time. There are other fascinating stories concerning rare and invaluable stamps. The world's most valuable stamp is a one-cent ISS6 black-on-magenta stamp of British Guiana. In appearance it is ugly and insignificant, its condition is poor, for the corners are gone. Yet this apparently trifling scrap of paper sold, at an auction in Paris, for S-l0,000. Many rarities have been discovered accidentally. An old Philadelphia bank, ready to move to new quarters, called in a junk dealer, and sold him an accumulation iof aged and apparently worthless paper for fifteen dol- lars. The junk dealer found stamps valued at 575,000 l Such discoveries are occurring in a larger or smaller .way all the time. Hiding away in old desks, old letter boxes, attics, in correspondence files in old banks, and wherever mail has accumulated for a number of years. .many rich treasures in postage stamps are still to be ffound. Maybe you have some rare stamps in your posf ,session and don't know it. , President Roosevelt says. 'fl can ahnost say that I owe my life to my hobbies-espeeially to stamp collect- ringf' He started saying stamps as a schoolboy, and now Xhas a collection that fills thirty volumes. lt provides :NOVEMBER - 1939 r r l l happy periods of relaxation in the midst of strenuous ofhcial duties. Many other famous people hare collected stamps, ina cluding the late King George X' of lilngland, Ilcrbcrt Hoover, and Ilarold Ickes .... NVhy not you? The Fairy Ring A lifiushroom Phenomenon tlfrom the Chapel Hill QN. C.j Wfeeklyj PERSONS VERS ED in mushroom lore are familiar with the fairy ring but for others the finding of one of these ghostly circles on the damp turf or on the forest Hoor is a rare experience. Sometimes a ring is many yards in diamcterg scores of mushrooms posted in single file on the circumference of a great circle so perfect as to lead the uninitiated observer to believe they were planted in that design by a lmman hand. Botanists tell us that the circumference of the fairy ring is simply the outer edge of the zone of the my- celium of a mushroom which once stood in what is now the center of the ring. The mass of threadlike mycelium has passed outward in all directions from the parent mushroomg and from its fecund outer edge, there have sprung up the mushrooms which form the ring. Such a ring appeared last week. after the wet weather, on the lawn in front of the Hill Music Hall. It was not a perfect one, its symmetry being broken by a sidewalk, but there was enough of it to attract attention, and many of the passersfby stopped to look at it. ON LIFE AND ATOMS rattles e. IETT Ah, life. thou'rt vague to me, and all too soon I'ye pondered o'er thy dull philosophies. Thou givest each generation only these: A night, a morn, a cloudy afternoon. Thou movest like a great Sahara dune. In all thou art the crown of subtleties That rules the hmnan mind till dcatlrs soft case Recalls the flesh, and minds forever swoon. United atoms break apart and fall. And moving atoms yield new minds and lioncs. Though individual lives may fade away As failing day fades in the western wall, The life that all have known still chants the lriiiw That vibrate in the rooms where atoms stzy. y THE LIBRARY Coininonest of all Excuses: "I'm sorrvg I never got around to reading that!" Here is a list of books widelv talked about. Have vou read even one or two or three of these best sellers? Subtract the negative answers from the athrmative ones. to find vour L.R.Q.-library reading quotient. Intended To I Did Rear! Read Inside Asia ,ee,.,e. ..... I ohn Gunther Grapes of W'rath, . . . . . Iohn Steinbeck The Yearling .,..a.. , . .Marjorie Rawling Vuiekford Point .,V.,.. .... I ohn Marquand Reaching for the Stars ......,,r...,.. Nora YValn Autobiography' VI'ith Letters , YYilliam Lvon Phelps The Web and the Rock c,a..,.,c, Thomas YVolfe Seasoned Timber .,,.r, Dorothv Canfield Fisher A Peculiar Treasure c.acY l.a,..,c.. E dna Ferber The Sword in the Stone ..... ,.., T . H. Yvhite All This, and Heaven, Too ..,..,ere Rachel Field Youre the Doctor! r.r,.,a.,..,.., Victor Heiser Davs of Our Years l.,,. r,a..f P ierre Van Paasen Huntsman. VI'hat Quanjv . Edna St. Vincent Millav The Horse and Buggv Doctor, Arthur E. Hertzler The Iznportanee of Living ,.,.,,,. . .Lin Yutang HAVE YOU READ? DORIS KLANK Fiction Seasoned Timber Dorothy Canfield Fisher This is the storv of Timothv Hnlme. principal of a poor academv in rural Yermont. who is stimulated into action when one million dollars is left to the school provided that it adopts certain undemocratic policies. A!! This and Heareu Too Rachel Field Henrietta Deluzv-Desportis lives as a governess in the household of the Duc and Duchess de Praslin and becomes innocentlv involved in a notorious murder case. lt is actually the storv of Rachel Fields aunt. II"ifkf0rd Point John P. Marquand Life in the Brill home at XYickford Point. somewhere north of Boston. is depicted in this storv. The tale is told bv a cousin, Iim Calder. who tries to keep clear of the familv's strangling affection and dependence. 14 I I I' glad I 'I I ' ig , I XX I 'LL 3 Z3 gif .I I I X- ' sb I I 'I ' w f' I I ' T TI J I if I ,- T.-Ei T iff y ' T 'D f .f bex E5 Q I " Q 2. - I TP- --J '53 i ' T I E -' 5 X TM I P+: Z Q dlgmier journey of Tapiola Robert Nathan A pampered Yorkshire terrier belonging to a pub- lislierswife is stirred to action and a desire for adven- ture bv a critic's remark about heroes. He and his companions, Richard, the eanarv. and Ieremiah, the rat, jonrnev to hnd some adventure. Tree of Liberty Elizabeth Page The lives and adventures of Matthew Howard and his familv from ITS4 to 1806 are related in this historical novel. Of the manv historical figures who appear in the storv. the most outstanding is Ielferson. The Patriot Pearl Buck This is a fictional biographv of twelve vears in the life of a voung Chinese who sojourns in Iapan, marries a Iapanese girl, but iinallv returns to China to fight for Chiang Kai-Shek. Rebecca Daphne Du Maurier The heroine. who narrates the storv. becomes the wife of an English aristocrat. Maxim de XYinter. Though thev love each other, there is a constant tension in their home because of the mvsterious presence of de YYinter's first wife. now dead. When the storv of her death is revealed. the two begin a new and happv life free from the haunt of Rebecca. And have von examined: A Short Hislory of Religious E. E. Kellett In this comprehensive and vet highlv readable vol- nine. the author writes about the nature and origin of religion, and discusses with a tolerant and svmpathetie approach the manv great religious beliefs which have made their mark on various ages and peoples. He begins with Iudaismq then goes through the Creek. Roman, TOWER LIGHT I I i 1 I I I I- and Germanic religions to the various later divisions and growths of Christianity. The seven great religions of the Far East are described, as well as various divisions and sects of Occidental origin, like Christian Science and Mormonism. Homes in America Ethel F. Robinson, Thomas P. Robinson "The story of housesf, say the authors, "is the story of the people who made them. The history of a coun- try could be written from a study of its houses." This book tells how all the settlers-the Spanish, English, French, Swedish, German, and Dutch-came to the New VVorldg how they brought with them their different traditions in houses, and how they adapted them to the conditions and materials which they found here. This book is written in informal, personal style, and in non-technical language, but behind the infor- mality are knowledge and authority, for the authors have gained wide recognition in the field of colonial architecture. A Book of the Symplaouy B. H. Haggin This is a book that can be read with understanding and profit by the person who has not studied music, as well as by the person who has. lt explains in simple terms how musical thought proceeds and is organized in musical forms-an example of which is the sym- phony. This explanation is illustrated by musical exam- ples which can be heard on phonograph records. This same method of illustration is used in an analysis of symphonies by Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven. Schubert, Brahms. Tchaikowsky. and Franck. The book also in- cludes a section on the instruments of the orchestra and the conductor. DESIGNING WOMEN A. HORNER Byers, Margaretra. and Kamholz. Consuelo: Designing ll"o111e11. The Art, Technique, and Cost of Being Beau- tiful. N. Y.. Simon and Schuster Publishing Company, 1958. Q76 pages.J XVhether or not you agree with Margaretta Byers' assumption that women dress to please men. you will admit that every woman in the world wants to know how to make the most of her appearance. To fat women. thin women, tall women. short women, young women. old women--Miss Byers gives sound advice. Even to attempt to give such advice presents a terrifying prob- lem. However. it is one which the author is frilly capable of meeting. Margaretta Byers knows women, she also knows NOVEMBER . 1939 clothes. She does not merely say that a fat women should avoid horizontal prints. Instead. she goes into a searching analysis of clothes as to fabrics. lines. colors. cost. and suitability. Since she is also an authority in the beauty business, she advises women expertly on' the subject of make-up. ' Twenty pages of the book are devoted to a question on which all women crave information-'AThe Cost of Clothes." Miss Byers oiiers good suggestions concerning general budgeting and planning. She tells women to budget their wardrobes, to get to know about the quality of clothes, to plan a year in advance, to buy things that will change their costumes, and not to be fooled by pass- ing fads. Emily Post has made us conscious of table etiquetteg Margaretta Byers makes us aware of the etiquette of dress by rules that help us to determine what to wear on all occasions. If you wish to read a fascinating book about fashion, and pick up valuable hints at the same time, f'Design- ing YVomen" will appeal to you. MEET THE AVERAGE RURAL TEACHER N. TROTT YVHAT YV ILL a rural teaching career offer you in the way of a home, an automobile. life insurance and support for a family, and advancement? Since half the nation's teachers work in farm and rural schools. the average teachers college student will be interested in what the future as a rural teacher holds for him. Because the National Education Association was also interested in this question, its survey board asked ll.OOO teachers in rural communities throughout the nation the what. where. and how of their existence. They found the average teacher teaching a one room school about two miles away from his boarding house for S675 pcr year. On this salary he supports a dependent and saves for summer school. Small wonder that he neither owns nor is buying a car: that he sleeps in a cold bedroom in winter. without the existence of running water: and that he is able to save only S300 after seven years of teaching! Because he stays in one position only three years. he is a comparative stranger. XVill you as a future teacher be a willing partner to such handicaps? Read the lf page report of this surf vev. entitled "Teachers in Rural Communities" and find out how you may crcatc educational opportunii-. for teachers as well as pupils in thc country scliool- i the United States. Kaltenborn omments EVELYN A. FIEDLER Tbose who beard Mr. H. V, Kaltenborn speak at the Stale Teachers Association meeting ou Friday evening. October 27. will not soon forget bis sincere, intelligent message, and the fluent brilliance with u'lJiclJ be afterward answered siguijfcant questions from the audience. fl romlensatioll of bis speech follows: Tnn BACKGROUND OF THE XVYAR "LLOYD GEORGE. in his Memoirs, gives four reasons as to why there must now be another war: "'l. The nations that dictated the peace treaties lFrancc and Englandl refused to carry out the pledge that once Germany would disarm, they would follow her example. " '2. In case after case of wanton aggression against weak powers in the League, the great powers failed to come to the aid of the smaller powers. There was a liberal, democratic govermnent in Germany after the war. F tance, however, was never cooperative in recon- structing Germany, thus paving the way for Hitler. But Britain and France surrendered to Hitler. " '3. The Treaty of Versailles stated that the rights of minorities were to be respected and guaranteed. France and Britain were indifferent to minority prob- lems. " A+. A provision of the treaty that when any member of the League Ends itself burdened by the treaty, it may bring its problem to court for a hearing and possible rc- vision, was ignored' "Lloyd Georges viewpoint, then, is that it was not so much the treaty that was bad as it was the way of carrying it out. l agree with Lloyd George's four points, but I think the treaty itself was bad, too. And Britain and France are to blame for letting Hitler reach the point where he was certain Britain and France would not iight. "A few days before outbreak of hostilities, l talked to foreign ministers of France and Britain, to End out why those nations had signed the peace of Munich. Re- sistance could have been overwhelming to keep Hitler from taking Czechoslovakia. "The British minister said: 'XVe felt we could have peace by concession. NYC visualized peace for Europe. The German entry into Prague transformed this con- ception .... XVhy did we guarantee Poland? Poland is a barrier to Hitlcr's pushing to the Black Sea. That is part of our Mediterranean problem. XVe were still will- ing to negotiate-if Hitler were the kind that would negotiate. lt was a question. not of Poland, but of the Mediterranean, Britain's life line. v "Thus, Britain went to war because she felt hcr interests meuaccd. Countries only go to war where their 16 own interests are involved. Americans must get over assuming that there is an ideal purpose-such as saving someone-in war. XVe are a rather young, idealistic peo- ple, not particularly shrewd in foreign relations. VVe went into the last war with all we had and came out with a great deal less than we had. VV e got nothing- while other countries got much. f'Paul Bonet, the French foreign minister, said in an interview: 'Danzig is not the issue. The question is, can we permit Germany to go on using force to get what she wants? France cannot live under perpetual menace. If Germany conquers Poland-then Hungary-then Roumania-then France! That is why we light when Poland lights' fb 'AAgain it is the interests of France, not of Poland. 'Fighting to save Poland' is good propaganda, but it is not statesmanship. "America needs to be skeptical about 'another war on behalf of democracyf As yet there is no guarantee that there won't be another Versailles, with hatreds and bitterness developed. This is not our war-we are not directly concerned with it. "To avoid misunderstanding, however, it must be stated that it would be stupid to make peace with Hit- ler. Hitler lies without knowing that he lies. which is the worst kind of lic. Mussolini has brains, but Hitler has only emotions. The philosophy of the Nazi party, as explained by Hermann Rauschning. a prominent self-exiled Nazi, in The Revolution of Nihilism, is the doctrine of force as the basis of power. So there is a real distinction between Hitler. and France and Britain. But the mistakes of France and Britain in the past are to blame for the present situation. "As to the war today. the defense is stronger than the offense. The Siegfried or Maginot lines cannot be broken through without a tremendous loss of life. The way to win a war is by revolution. Britain and France do not want to pile up casualties at the front with no visible results, for fear of opinion at home. Neither side wants to rain death on civilians as yet, for, as the war in Spain showed, this only stiffcns the morale of the peo- ple.-It may be said of the war at sea that defense is generally stronger than attack also. TOWER LIGHT "As for the aid of Russia: shortly before the treaty was signed a prominent German denounced Stalin in most emphatic terms. That man was Adolf Hitler. Stalin's domination of the Baltic countries constitutes an economic defeat for Germany. Hitler's soldiers en- tered Poland, but it was Stalin's soldiers who got to the desirable Hungarian frontier in Poland first. Stalin has won the war so far, and no one knows it better than Hitler. He sees the menace-for he talked about it for ten years-yet he brought it about with the stupid treaty to bluff France and England. It is the worst di- plomacy in the history of Germany. Its further effects are to alienate Iapan and Turkey, and to keep Italy neutral. "From the diplomatic point of view, Hitler has al- ready lost the war. From the military point of view, I don't see how he can help losing-even if it takes a long time. "Now for the United States. In travelling through twenty states very recently, I have found the people practically unanimous in their determination to keep out of war. There can be no fear of the United States being attacked, for, should the Nazis succeed in defeat- ing Britain and France, they would be far too worn out to come three thousand miles across the .Xtlantit-. .Xnd in the last war they got a taste of what the United States can do. "Still, we cannot be entirely indifferent, Vie know there is a difference in ideas, policies, and purposes- force vs. free people working out their own destinics. But we are not convinced that Britain and France know enough to make the right kind of peace. The way to get the right kind of peace is for us to keep ourselves aloof from hate and passion. XVhen the time comes for reconstruction, we will then have the strength and will to work out a decent solution. That will not be easy--but it is not impossible. A foundation for thc solution might be the League of Nations and the XVorld Court. But we can build peace only by keeping aloof- and then making a real contribution. This is the true course for the United States. "If you, the people of America, who are its public opinion, continue to insist on the course of peace, then peace it will be, as it should be." Ailuropus Melanoleucus VIGLET DEPUE AILUROPUS MELANOLEUCUS - to most of you, this is an ''unpronounceablel' unrecognizable item, but to me, it is a reality because it is a term which merely means "Giant Panda." Besides its rarity, the panda is a most interesting and extraordinary animal. At close-range it looks very much like a medium-sized bear, with a parti- colored body of black and white. Its face is most unus- ual and beautiful, perhaps due to its extreme rarity in coloration. The general background is a dull white, with tiny black ears, and a large, black circle around each eye. By nature, the panda is good-humored and lazy, spending much of its time sitting in a position much like that of a toy teddy-bear. It is more interesting because of its peculiar diet. Its food consists of bamboo, and bamboo only. It is spe- NOVEMBER . 1939 cially equipped with teeth and claws that are ideal for handling the bamboo shoots. Watching a panda satisfying his inner demands is divert- ing, not only be- cause of the degree of skill and deft- ness necessary for devouring his food, but more because of the small quan- tity of the tough, hard, dry. unpalatable substance hc consumes. This summer I was fortunate enough to visit Forest Park, the St. Louis Zoo, and the Giant Panda thcrc oc- cupied inost of my attention. The picture was taken during the eating process, described above. although it is practically undistinguishablc. Ile was brought to America from China in 1933, and was nick-nanitxl "Happy" by his keepers. ll' EDITCDRIALS A Portrait- - Of You? MARION CUNNING1-IAM, '37 I APPROACH the editorial staff of the Towniz LIGHT with some tcmcrity. since, in view of their most recent issue of the magazine, I should have something of real worth to offer. I say this sincerely, for I felt the October Townn LIGHT was' a far cry from the magazine which we were so proud of just three years ago. May I con- gratulate those who had part in publishing it. The first offering a graduate makes to our college pub- lication generally concerns itself with his personal re- action to the profession of teaching. This is not illogical, since it is the career for which he has prepared himself and which, since his graduation, has become a daily feature of his life. Unfortunately, I must make certain reservations to the statement, for I have long since ac- customed myself to the cryptic remarks of all too many of my classmates who do not wish to make teaching a vital part of their lives. Furthermore. I am fairly confi- dent tliat there are those attending teachers' colleges who have the same attitude prior to graduation. I do not think we should underestimate this condition. Let's not make it one of the unmentionables, a thing only to be whispered about by teachers of education. People who feel this way about the whole thing shouldn't pre- pare themselves to be teachers and should get out of the field before they harm themselves and have oppor- tunity to influence others. VVhen I was in college I felt that there were many students whom I knew who should never have been there. and now that I am teach- ing I am of the same opinion still. If my words do not reach the readers of the Towniz Lieirr. I trust it will be because they did not seem of any real merit. rather than because the editors were unwilling to put such a situa- tion before their readers. If any of those to whom I referred as "not belonging" get a chance to know who penned such words I fear that I shall be branded as a hyprocriteg for I rarely offer any rebuttal to their remarks and admit, a bit guiltily, at having encouraged them on several occasions. One doesn't get very far by trying to give such individuals a new slant on life. They must build a philosophy of their own. Perhaps those with a more erusading spirit than mine can do something for them, although I am of the opinion that it should be done before they ever stand before a group of children. l know there are many things about every adininistra- 18 tion that one finds irksome. The children may not be the ideal specimens that you anticipated, and the life may seem routinized and confining. Need any of these things give you mental quirks? Your theories of educa- tion wcre not sound ones if you expected a bed of roses. Furthermore, where can you find any career that does not involve certain adjustments to reality. If you ever "find" yourselves in teaching, as I am beginning to, after two years of it, there are many returns which will make up for all the personal inconveniences and ad- justinents. Don't consider this the cry of one who stays in the classroom eight hours a day and thinks about teaching every other mimite that she is not asleep. I am not like pedagogues of story book fame who were labeled from the first day they entered the classroom. If you don't want to be a teacher and have no enthusiasm to bring to your job, then get out of it now! But if you are one who loves teaching, don't miss it! A Literary Challenge N. TRQTT DO YOU wonder each month, as you eagerly scan the pages of the new Towi3R LIGHT, what sort of material your compatriots in other state teachers colleges throughout the country are writing and publishing? If you do. perhaps you would be interested in Milwaukee State Teachers' The Cheshire. a quarterly containing the literary contributions of undergraduates there, with occasional contributions from Alumni. The cover of this SEQ x ll inch magazine is strangely like the Towan Liei-IT. containing the name of the publication, an abstract design in black and white, and the date of the issue. The subject matter varies from a serious article on Fascism, to a humorous essay on the Hpocketless sex." The editorial page. "Muse and Mews." urges the students to support an art project being spon- sored by the city. Aesthetically, the publication is extremely pleasing. The wide page margins create a pleasant sensation of rooininess and impress one with the importance of each article. There are no advertisements in the magazine. which probably accounts for its limited issues lfour a year, as compared to the Towicn LICIITVS ninej and for its fewer number of pages lihftcen. compared to our tliirty-fivci . The quality of The Cheshire presents a distinct chal- lenge to the students of our college. Are we at Towson meeting it? NOTL1:-The Cheshire will be on file in the magazine department of our library. Read it this week! TOWER LIGHT Moments of Silence NOX'EhIBER ll, 1936: My first Armistice Day at Towson. l'm used to a holiday .... Had an Armistice Day assemblyg woman speaker, music, ll :OO o'clock silence .... lxlOVE1XIBER 11, 1937: School. In assembly, Gerald johnson spoke on "The Constitution." The usual moment of silence .... NOXfEL'IBER 11, 1938: School trio, no holidayl. Observed the Armistice "silence" in class. Good assembly program of poems, readings, by students. NOVEMBER 11, 1939: Armistice Day again - no school, but not because it's a holiday. lt's Saturday. No assembly speaker to remind us of the poppies in Flanders Field. lf l'm to keep quiet at 11:00 A.M. somebody will have to remind me when it's time. XV hy keep on observing Armistice Day anyway? The treaty of peace whose acceptance is the occasion for celebration is today, in effect, null and voidg everybody realizes that in it were the germs of today's war. How naive we once were-rejoicing in the end of war, in the new era of peace! rc: 1: :: And yet-that moment of silence each year hasn't been what l'd call "celebration" or 'Arejoieingf' Strangely. l've never experienced it once without a slight pain in my throat, and the sound of "Taps" played in still air echoing from somewhere in my memory .... 1Vhy should the recall of the signing of a treaty cause me to close my eyes tighter to hide an unwanted moistness there? . . , Somehow l've always seen rows of white crosses shining, gleaming, in the sunshine of renewed hope in the brotherhood of man .... And now there are clouds affain darkening. dark- D ' P3 Clllllg .... Democracy "DEMOCRACY CAN no more survive the eficects of totalitarianism in schools than Fascist or soeialistie government can survive the teachings of democracy. The schools of a democracy. like those of a totalitarian state, must sustain and support the society that supports them. The attempt observed in some places to exclude from the schools of this country even the mention of other forms of government is. of course. as ridiculous as it is futile: but that American teachers should be NOVEMBER . 1939 democrats-and not socialists or inonarchists, or coni- munists or Fascists-is to my mind an axiom of the first order. Teachers comprise the one great organ of the democratic state that creates and purifies its life blood. Surely democracy has the unqualified right to assure itself that this vital organ does not pump it full of poisons." From The Teacher in the 1l'I0lIa?1'l1 School, by B. F. Pittenger, Dean of the School of Education, University of Texas: in The Elementary School jourmzl, November, 1938. Let Us Have Peace MARY BICKEL XVITH THE cheers of thousands, the tunes of stirring national anthems, and the blessings of the church still ringing in their cars, Americas 1917 crop of youth landed in France to fight for democracy. The allies called it a war to make the world safe for democracy, a war to make the world a better place in which to live, a war to end all war! The young men believed and fouglitg when they had effectively completed their job of slaughter, their leaders stepped in and finished the farce with the Treaty of Versailles. These young men had marched away with straight. whole bodies and high ideals. Many of them had shown promise of brilliant futures. They lived and fought in France like swine in mud. and hobbled back with crushed, crippled bodies and no ideals. That was twenty years ago. Today there is another war in Europe strangely rc- sembling that of 191-l, lt seems that democracy is still being endangered and that the last war didn't settle the problem. lt seems that Germany won't play the game as prescribed by the democratic Treaty of Versailles. and that the whole world is maddened by the behavior of her self-styled saviour. Thus. the awful struggle has begun again. Once more the patient people of liuropc resign themselves to years of privation. tear. and defeat. inquiring timidly. perhaps, what all this sacrifice is really for. And once more the United States stands as a neue tral observer, its people wondering how long she can remain neutral. The question is: Do the people of the United States will that we keep out of 1'fnrope's perennial harvest of men? At present, every person in the United States is clamoring for peace: yet every person is yocifcrons in giving his opinion of the foreign situation. l'Iaeh person has his own view as to who is right and who is to lilame. and each person most certainly has a right to his fr 'r.r. -1 viewg but on what evidence are we to take sfrltsf . XYe don't know what causes wars nor what great powers plan and execute wars. XVe do know that the average person docsn't want war. cloesn't start war. and doesnt gain by war. Let us keep out of war. Let us not bc fattcncd and conditioned on clever propaganda for thc slaughter. Lct us not draw conclusions and say, "l'his country is wrong and this country is right." Let us bc neutral and peaceful. Changes RUTH MCCARTY A SUPPLEMENT to last month's article. "Nothing is constant but change." By this time. all the students of S.T.C. have accepted the above as a law of nature: therefore. I will proceed with some more of these changes. l. The identity of this Uinstitution of learning" may now be known to all passersby on York Road. A bronze marker. located on the front lawn near the south drive- way, a gift of the Class of 1939. eliminates the possibil- ity of mistaking this college for other nearby institutions. 2. The campus and the glen have become scientific laboratories for the study of natural enviromnent. The new botany course and the project work being done in the glen have renewed interest in the plant and animal life found there. 3. The boys on the soccer team need no longer fear that the fair spectators will come out of the experience scarred. The "white-belted" policemen li with great dig- nity l look after the safety of all. -l. Students may now feel sure that they will eat sometime on Monday. The new schedule arranges class periods and lunch periods to the satisfaction of CYCl'yOllC. 5. In the Administration Building, work on the Mary- land Room lformerly Miss Birdsongs classrooml is progressing rapidly. XVithin a few weeks' time the ex- hibition of maps. pictures. and books will be ready for visitors. 6. Practicums and seminars are the new words heard in the college vocabulary. These terms are the names of the courses that aid in the preparation for student teach- ing. T. A new club has been formed for those who like mathematics either for practical purposes or as a means of mental gymnastics. The first meeting of the Math Club proved very promising. Best wishes for its con- tinued success. S. ln the dormitory. there is change. Rooms in Rich- 20 inond and Newell Halls have been repainted, and nearly every rooin is being used. There is a new reception parlor in Newell I--Iall for the use of the students in entertaining their families. 9. And lastly. as a means of bringing to the attention of everyone outside the college what everyone is doing in the college, a publicity campaign has been started. Any students participation in the college activities is of interest to his or her family and friends at home. The community papers are willing to publish news items of local interest. The college furnishes the opportunities. You participate and furnish the news. N EWS ITEM The recently formed safety patrol has asked us to notify all drivers that the car to watch is the car behind the car in front of you. PS. And the fellow driving it. Resident Projects Explained UNDOUBTEDLY, AMONG the most used words of our college year will be. 'tSorry, can't go with you now. Have one of those resident projects to work on." t'Now what in the world is a resident project?', Hence. we shall try to explain. XVe take it for granted you know what the N.Y.A. is - a federal arrangement giving money to colleges to employ students who otherwise would be unable to at- tend college because of financial straits. The resident project is a branch of this admirable organization, and the reason why a few more people have become eligible to the dorm gossip column. l. It is highly desirable for college students to live at the dormitories. It schools them in social amenities: educates them to live independently with others: and "throws them on their own"-giving them the oppor- tunity to depend on themselves. 2. Secondly. these projects not only will benefit the students, but also the college. Consider the projects themselves for the answer to this. a. Naming and labeling trees on the campus. LXYon't this be a help to the botany students. but it's about a month too late for juniors -t and TJ b. Patrolling the school grounds. 4' Have you seen those white belts walking around? XVoo-woooll TOWER LIGHT c. Completing the Alumni rolls. CPeople have graduated from here, you know.j d. Starting the advertising campaign. fThe Sports paper is part of this.j e. Making models for history, and period costumes. f. VVriting a history of the college. Now to the actual rules and regulations involved. Dr. Dowcll is in charge and before anyone can start work, he must file application and certify that he is an Ameri- can citizen. The projects differ from the N.Y.A. in that the hours are longer and the students participating must live at the college. The student is allowed to work no more than one hundred hours a month fsay it quieklyj for no less than 530.00 fworth while, don't you think?j. He may deduct 322.00 for board and keep 58.00 for himself or pay all of it on his board. He keeps track of the hours he works and turns in a record every week. Then at the end of the month-ahhh-he receives his check. Many of us are as enthusiastic over the resident pro- jects as we were over the N.Y.A. Young people can now attend schools of higher learning, train for a profession by doing work they like Qeducative employmentj and enjoy as many benefits, if not more. than the wealthiest person in the state. So. regardless of our divergent opin- ions on the present administration, we all give a vote of thanks and praise to the people who brought such a twentieth century miracle into existence. PRESERVING CHILDREN A'Take one large, grassy Held, one-half dozen children, two or three small dogs, a pinch of brook and pebbles. Mix the children and the dogs well together, put them into the Held. stirring constantly. Pour the brook over the pebbles. sprinkle the field with flowers. and spread over all a deep blue sky and bake in the sunshine. XV hen brown. set away to cool in a bathtub." A Tbmzlesgiviizg Prayer Oh. Thou who didst the Pharisee condemn, VV ho sent to Heaven on the wings of prayer These words of blind conceit: "I thank thee, Lord, That I am not as this poor publiean, A sinner", Lord of lldight, forgive us now Be we not right. but wrong in thanking thee Our land is not as many nations are: By conflict, ruthless and distressing, torn, VV here hearts do weep and cannon thunder loud. Attend our prayer, who art our God alway: Oh, King of Peace, show us the bloodless way. NOVEMBER - 1939 Times Review BALTlMGRl'l'S NEW' amusement venture. the "Times" Theatre. was somewhat disappointing to the writer. He was not allured by thc telegrams of the va- rious motion picture stars posted without nor the blink- ing lights in the seventeen hundred block North Charles Street. His pass. it is true. was an incentive. as well as the desire to spend an hour seeing what had happened and what was happening in Europe to aug- ment the newspaper and radio comments on the current war. "The Fight for Peace." which might have been called "The Roads to VVar." was a pictorial epic? narrative? synopsis which included a chronological history from the tyranny of the Romanolfs to the present military rule of the dictators. XVe saw King George V and Queen Mary Qthe four-iifthsj receiving troops in the XVorld XVarg the Kaiser hid behind the skirts of Queen XVil- helminag Hitler and Mussolini gathering followers from the lower classes Q with support from the steel baronsl, and their sweeping rise to power, the abdication of King Alphonso and the civil war in Spaing Germany taking the Saarland and later withdrawing from the League of Nationsg Mussolini conquering Ethiopiag Haille Selassie pleading in vain to the League: Dollfuss murderedg Nazi troops purging Austria. and peasants there voting for Hitler 9921, for else . . . japan over- running Manchuria, sit-down strikes taking place in Paris. and Leon Blum heading a new government. The German and Italian Dietators meet, exhibit military strength, and treaties are made Chow soon to be broken J . Germany steps into Poland: France and Britain mobi- lizeg the Panama Canal is fortified. and President Roose- velt proclaims "America does not like war." "The Fight for Peace" should not be missed by any student of history nor any youth of today. The theatre itself is rather plain in its appointments in contrast to the gaudy "movie palaces." This is to bc admired. Either the writer was misinformcd. or he was carried away by unfounded expectations. In the larger cities news theatres are the answer to an idle hour and a place to see the Upictorial events of the day." Not so here. we regret to say. The "hour or so" expands into two hours and current news deteriorates into Betty Boop. and coming "distractions"-the "Five little llstlllmx . . . beginning Friday. Go and decide if the "Times" is an ideal theatre for Baltimore. If not, how can it be unproxcdf Cl Calendar jury 1, 1939, XV1-1un1Ne Br:1.r.s Form: May t'l'ootie1 Love, Class of '40, and james Miner. Blanche Dorsey. Class of '38, and Nathan Butler. OCToR1-:R 2. 1939, IASSEIXIBLY- 'Today a mighty rolling thunder sounded through the halls before assembly time, Many students won- dered what it was. That mystery and many others regarding the Irlammond Electric Organ were solved with the aid of Mr. Stieff of the Stieff Music Store, Baltimore, and Mr. john Eltcrmann, an emi- nent organist in Baltimore. A concert followed which employed Usound effectsf' Those who were free and those visiting music enthusiasts remained to be borne away to different lands, accompanied by the strains of Strauss' L'Vienna XVoods." OCTOBER -1, 1939, AssEixrBL1'- Peace Day Observance. Appropriate songs and prayers were rendered after the C-overnor's proclamation, "Let There Be Peace." 0C'I'OBER 9, 1939, ASSEMBLY- "Art in Our Time," an illustrated lecture given by Dr. Nathan. ls there room for the architect in this troubled world? Instead of constructing the fancy classical buildings as of former days, our modern ar- chitects have switched to a pleasing, simple, flow- ing. strong, clean-cut, and efficient style. Typical examples of modern American building shown were the Rockefeller Building, the Norris Dam, and the Boulder Dam. Modern architects take advantage of all known factors for better building, such as the location and seasonal construction. OCTOBER 12, 1939, ASSE1XIBLY- Columbus Day Celebration. Members of the student body volunteered to take part in the Mr. Quiz contest. Questions concerning the historical, social, cultural, and economic background of Columbus were asked. Acting judges settled doubtful answers. OCTOBER 16. 1939, IXSSIZBIBLY- "Relation Between Museum and School Systems" was the title of the lecture given by Mr. Lynn Pool, of XValters Art Gallery, today. Explanations of the many educational values which may be derived from a planned program, collaborating with the art museum, were discussed. History and social study Z2 lessons as well as art itself lurk in these magnificent- ly adorned walls-to be had but for the asking. Teachers stand between the public and the art gal- leries, said Mr. Pool, as he admonished us, as future teachers, to make use of all the educational oppor- tunities which the art galleries aiford. A.C.E. NEWS. They were all there-both the old members and the new-for the Hrst meeting of the Association for Childhood Education. Tea was served and new acquaintances made before the important business of installing officers. The officers for this year are: President, Kathryn Emmartg Vice-President, Helen Pieekg Secretary, Kathryn Peltzg Treasurer, Ca- therine Shipleyg and Miss loslin, Faculty Adviser. Tentative plans were made for the winter. concern- ing outstanding speakers, and a visit to A.C.E. head- quarters in VVashington, D. C. Dorchester County Alumni Unit THE FALL meeting of the Dorchester County alumni unit was held on Tuesday evening, September 26, 1939, at the home of Mrs. Louise Harper Smith, 1-lurloek, Maryland. Dr, VViedefeld was the guest speaker and brought greetings and news of interest from the College. She expressed her delight in being invited to the meeting and extended a very special invitation to the members of the unit to visit the College on Founders' Day. Miss Mary H. Scarborough, Held secretary of the Col- lege alumni, was also present and made a short talk suggesting that a worthwhile project for the unit would be to interest more of its members in joining the Statef Alumni Association. In pursuance of this suggestion, a committee was named for this purpose. This com- mittee will sce that the Dorchester County unit does its share to attain a goal of 500 new members each year for the State Alumni Association. Election of the officers resulted as follows: Mrs. Granville Hooper, Chairman: Miss Evelyn johnson, Vice-Chairman: Miss jeanette Carmine. Secretary- Treasurer. The following members were present: Mrs. Laird Bramble fEtta Bradshawl 1927, Mrs. Iohn Brueil flluth XVoollenj 1930, Miss Ethel Brinsficld 1923, Mrs. james Bruminctte tLillian Ionesj 1907, Miss Ieanette Carmine 1923, Mrs. Calvin Dean CMary E. Cooteel 1930, Miss Mary V. Cootee 1923, Mrs. Cranville lloopcr f.Xnna B. Musselmanj 1916. TOWER LIGHT 1 I I I 2 1 5 1 A 1. r A 5. i. j. ji ji In 14 f ti I1 1 I 1 i 1 4 .1 1 i Miss Margaret Hubbard 1923, Miss Evelyn Iohnson 1918, Mrs. Lloyd Langford Chflary D. llodsonj 1926, Mrs. Roland Layton fNellie Reedj 1911. Mrs. Clarence LeCompte fCeorgia Pearsonj 1900, Mrs. Frederick Miller fEloise Henryj 1922, Mrs. Iohn Shenton fLola Parksl 1926, Mrs. llarry B. Smith fLouise Harpcrj 1920, Mrs. Leon Spicer fMary Bradshawj 1923, Miss Myrtle Stack 1913, Mrs. Iames P. Swing fEthel C. Bradshawj 1925, Miss Lois XVilling 1925. Mrs. Wfoodrow XVilson QEvelyn Maeej 1927. Echoes of '39 MARY DAY AND ANNE XVILLIAMS ARE YOU wondering what has happened to last year's graduates? Here is what we know. Can vou add anything? The following people have been placed in Baltimore City: lane Kimble-Kindergarten and departmental work in music and physical education, grades 4, 5, 6. Helen Freitag-Two kindergartens, one in the morning and one in the afternoon. Paul Massieot-2A and 3B. Iohn Schmidt-3B, EIA, 4B. Betty Smiley-First grade at School No. 62. Marjorie Cohen-First grade. Those who are teaching in Baltimore County include: XV alter Gordon-Sixth grade. Wfilliam hflcConnell-Grades 5 and 6. Louis Cox, Ir.-Fifthgrade. Roger XVilliams-Grade 6 at Randallstown. XVilliam Cox-Crade 5 at Randallstown. Helen Gill-First grade at XVestchester. Hazel lvloxley-Fourth grade. Anna Smith-Grade live. Richard Cook-Sixth grade at Cockeysville. Esther Bull-First grade, Seventh Consolidated. Evelyn Searff-Grades 3 and 4. Arthur Bennett-Grades 6 and 7. Sarah Hatton-Grades 2 and 3, Riderwood. Ieanne Cumming-Second grade, Seventh Con- solidated. Mildred Lippert-Grades 3 and 4 at Hebbville. lane MeElwain-Grades 1 to 3 at Dover Road School. Dorothy Vogel-Grades 4 and 5 at Towson. Virginia Morgan-Primary Grades at Dundalk. Louise Firey-Hereford. Iohn Klier-Parkville. john Owens-Edgemere. D NOVEMBER - 1939 Other graduates who have obtained teaching posif tions are: Dorothy Anthony-Crades 5 and 6, Anne .Xrundel County. Ruth Dudderar-Crade S, Anne Arundel County. Virginia Barnes-Departmental work in grades 5, 6, and 7 at Anne Arundel County. Doris Eldridge - Primary grades in Klaplesville School. YVashington County. Evelyn Clark-Grades 4, 5, 6, and 7 in a two room- prineipal school of Kent County. Agnes Carpenter-Grades 2 and 3. Charles County. Emily Armour-Cvrades 4, 5, 6. and 7, Colora School in Cecil County. Margaret YVebb-Grades 4 and 5, Howard County. Two of our former students are working for the Cas and Electric Company in Baltimore City. They are Evelyn Medicus and Ruth Ann Morganthau. ln addition to the above mentioned graduates, there are many others who have been substituting in the Baltimore Citv Schools. Have You Heard? KATHERINE L. IACOB ALL OVER this country there has been much dis- cussion concerning the advancing of the date of Thanksf giving Day. The Campus School, however, had a real Thanksgiving Day when the new lunch room opened on October nineteenth. Since the opening of school there has been a feeling of great impatience at the delayed delivery of the new tables ordered so long ago for the children's lunch room. Needless to say there were shouts of joy when the truck carrying the tables drove to the rear of the school and delivered them. Four of the carpenters. under the direction of Mr. Richardson, lost no time in setting them up for immediate use. A lunch room in the elementary school has its :Id- vantages in that only the children have to be considered. ln many ways this is a room for children. The tables. chairs. and service rail are of sizes that promote comfort and elhcient self-service. The menu is planned for chil- dren. The children are learning to select their lunches wisely. The 1TlOt1lCl'S of every class in the Campus School have held grade meetings. lu thesc meetings there is opportunity for mothers and teachers to become ac- quainted and to discuss common problems concerning 23 the physical. mental. and social development of the children. This brings about a wholesome and coopera- tive feeling between teachers and parents. An exhibit was held in the Campus School during National Book Week. Books were lent by some Balti- more department stores and book shops. Students and children found great pleasure in visiting the exhibit and browsing among the books. Miss Joslin is working with those children in the Campus School who have some speech difficulties. The teachers recommend the children who need help. Plans for the Christmas celebration. which will not be held with that of the college. are already taking shape. Do you know how many of the former Campus School pupils are now students in the college? The Chimes Guild NEAL GALB REATH DID YOU ever wonder why the Chimes ring before breakfast and dinner each evening? There is an organi- zation responsible for playing the chimes. the Chimes Guild. Last year. the membership of the Guild reached the peak of fifty dormitory students although the chime- sters of the Guild number about ten. XYhat do the other forty members do? YVeIl. have you ever noticed a group of girls standing beside the chimes each evening? Did you ever hear them sing? Ah-h-h. Not only do they sing grace each evening. but also for special occasions. such as the Alumni banquet. the Te The Language SNAP! THE radio made the same sound it always docs when I turn it on. I had no special program in mind. but turning the dial I experimented hopefully. What sounded like jargon. with a little twist to the right. proved to be a voice pealing forth the wonders of Clean-XYelI Cream. "Spots and blemishes disappear like magic"-bosh! XYith a quick jerk the indicator moved to 220. "Take advantage of Moore's sale. buy your fur coat"-well. I've no use for a fur coat. I'll have to wait until I earn sorne money for that. XYasn't there anything worth listening to? A womans shriek pierced my ears. I looked around. half fearful. It was only the radio exploding with a drama. I turned the dial further. almost ready to give up. As if to try deliberately to exasperate me more. I heard a man ticking off words. as a clock ticks off sec- onds. I paused to listen. Nothing I could understand. I listened more closely fearing that my ability to hear was failing me. No. it was just a man speaking in a foreign language. Trying to distinguish some familiar words and listening more intently to the intonations. I endeavored to understand what it was about. Having 24 Pa Chi Club meetings. Presidents luncheons, and fomial dinners. That isn't all they do. Before the big vacations at Thanksgiving. Christmas, and Easter. they get up at 6:30 in the morning and. clad in robes and carrying candles. sing appropriate songs through the dormitory, to add to the splendor. Usually the Guild goes to Dr. XViedefcld's home, and, occasionally. even ventures as far as the cottage. Did you ever see fifty girls get together with such cooperation? Truly this group offers many thanks to Miss MacDonald for her excellent advice and direction. Without Words MARY BKASHEARS decided it was war news. I was about to turn the dial when the man stopped talking. XYhy? And then. like a gentle shower of sparkling rain drops. the strains of a string ensemble flowed over my spirit. Such beauty of tone and grace of movement soothed and calmed my troubled mind. Now. the music led my thoughts to children playing. and to a light and happy dance of nymphs and spritesg swiftly the mood changed and the dull heavy rhythm made me feel the weariness and despondency of those who are not free in their hearts and thoughts: again in contrast to this came the lifting and rolling spirit that reminds one of riding on gentle swells in quiet waters. Suddenly the music began to run. until its heart was pounding and its blood pulsing: but iust as quickly it ended as though it had given life itself to that great glorious ending. Nothing was left but a fading. ebbing life. expended for one moment of utter abandonment. I sat very still, and soon heard the foreign voice again. Now. Voice. I thought. you are my friend. You speak the language of music. and that. all can understand. TOWER LIGHT Orchestra Events AT THE assembly program on October 26, au ex- cellent performance was given by the orchestra. There are several reasons for this show of excellence. Foremost is the sharpness quot in the musical sensej of the or- chestra, i.e., the orchestra was well conditioned from thc hard work at practice sessions which Miss Prickett holds. Secondly. the orchestra was conscious of its two big events of the year which were in the immediate future, where we were to be most critically judged. The one was the program for the State Teachers Association on Friday, October 27. YV e attracted much attention because our orchestra is symphonic in so far as it has a variety of instruments properly proportioned, and bee cause of the better than average ability of many of our members. XVC have also introduced the novel violin duet from our first desk of violins. XVhen the radio program was given. we felt certain of its success because of our previous successful engage- ments. That it was can be attested by the favorable reaction of the listeners. P.S. The orchestra picnic in the glen was an occa- sion for the expression of the friendliness that prevails among our orchestra members. Upon returning from the glen we sang songs to a gathering in thc lodge, YVC were happy that Dr. Lida Lee Tall, our beloved former president, was present. Fashion Flashes MARIE PARR THIS MONTH we promised to dedicate this column to the freshmen-so, freshmen, it is all yours. Some of the most striking styles have been noted among these newcomers to college life and they are certainly worthy of mention.-Here goes!- . . . S. Hfs pastel sweaters are lovely. VVhere does she tind such pretty colors? . Unique jewelry is really the fad. Have you noticed M. H.'s necklace of aeorns? XVe hear that pumpkin seeds make interesting bracelets and necklaces, too. . M. Sfs nubby woolen socks have rated many an envious eye cast in their direction. . P. C. is right in style with her red and black outfit. Red and black have become leading shades this season. . Long, sloppy eardigans have been seen throughout the freslnnen class. You can't keep those girls Clown. . M. S. has taken the honors from H. R. for "sox appeal." . G. H. always looks so neat without being over- dressed. . VVhere does D. H. get all his ties? VVe hear he is going to open a shop soon. VVe could go on and on but the bottom of the page is getting closer all the time. These freshmen are not going to let the upper classmen outdo them in fashion hits. Sophomores! Iuniors! Seniors! You'cl better watch these freslnnen or they will be setting the style standards for the college. NOVEMBER - 1939 "WHAT'S NEW" 11115 is me 991 mai Jak n.,1. I I - Cl? ADMITYEOUPLE 5 Thi: ir 1Ze,fijkZ1 lbpz 1l1i- 99: 111.11 :TUWER LIGHTF 1. 1 4, Jn: .nu 01131 ' qqg - 1.1 .-. gy 5ie ':Li'f , I Tbis ir the gm 111.11 01,110 01, 111.5 ' 'f Il- 1i.:kiA1 1b.11 me 99: 111.11 lark l vp: b.z11I1o11gl11. M, T bi: is lb: 1l.n1rr- 111.11 111114.1rmt 1111- girl 111.11 1-.n11u 1111 :lie 111-Lvl 111.11 my 99a 11111 ,lurk lm! lzonglzl. J This ix ilu' lu-lim' "T01i'rr5 L1gl11 lv ' marie pwmlf by 11,1 11..1,.f., 4160? 111111 .1111-in-1i-11 :bc S11-If 10.11 5,1 gf mme an llae 1i:Lrf1r 1b.11 rm h ti, 'fun 99: ilu! curb "J-lik bail NPN! bouglll. kqkvb V 3Kl X ng T I - THIS ir 4 nolc lo the wise . Q dia. 'Lvl-1.,l ' Af Have you heard this one? A midshipmau was standing outside a dentist othce singing "The Yanks are Coin- ing." XVhat is a diplomat? A diplomat is a man so cleycr that when he strals your coat and vest you give him your watch and chain. N USNICKS' HENRY N. STECKLER THE SOCCER season at Towson is over. State Teachers College has once again produced a successful team. Strange as it seems, the higlispot of the season proved to be the opening l-0, overtime, loss to VVest Chester Teachers College, probably the best team Tow- son has ever played. Unfortunately. many students know very little of soccer's glorious past. The game is almost as old as or- ganized sports, and dates back to the days when the ancient Spartans played a similar game called "Harpas- tonf' England took soccer for her own at an early date. There, even in the twelfth century, the game had reached such popularity as to incur royal disfavorg and King Henry Il banned the sport because he felt that it interfered with the national and compulsory sport of archery. It is estimated that, at present, some 5.000.000 Eng- lishmen play soccer every Saturday from September to May, and that on Saturday nights three out of every four Englishmen are gathered around the radios to hear the results of the games. Besides having many amateur teams they have over five hundred major and minor league professional teams. It can be truly said that soccer is the most popular sport in England. Re- cently, the sport has spread from England to her colo- nies with magnificent success. Several years ago a young doctor organized a native soccer team at N ombara, East Africa, and coached by movies. Visiting liners sent teams ashore, but not one, so far. has beaten the natives. In keeping with his policy of playing first-rate teams, I wonder if Coach Minnegan could arrange a game with them for l940. Of course. we know that in this country, Maryland is a great soccer stateg but did you know that in Chicago and Milwaukee soccer is played indoors in winter? The field for the indoor game is necessarily reduced to one- third the regulation size, and there are only nine and sometimes only seven players on the indoor teamsg otherwise, the new game is quite the same as outdoor soccer. S 0 W I-I AT LEE MCCARRIAR FLASH! So Vlfhat is still slipping by the eyes of the watchful editors, all four of themfl How they miss it every month, especially when NVeis writes it, is beyond me. That reminds me. l heard a few days ago that So Wfhat was put on the pan by a Senior student in a psychology class. She claimed that it broke up friend- ships. Let me assure you, dear readers, that it is not the policy of this column to do that. P.S. The rest of the class voted her down. llfditors' Note - Thats what some people think. There are times when every editor has to write for his public.l 26 Now to get down to the business of the month. Open letter to Mr. Harry f"Butsie"j Russell: Dear Sir: You have been recognized as a champion jokester and we all appreciate your humor, but look to your laurels. young man. A rival has appeared on the scene. His jokes are commonly referred to as puns. lf he can't make his living any other way, he can eat puns with a cup of coiftee. His name? Oh, yes: Dave Nelson. Respectfully yours. L. MCC. TOWER LIGHT W I l 5 1 I r l One day, coming home from Montebello, someone asked Leon Lerner why an Indian wore a hat. The obvious answer to the joke t?j is "to keep his wigwamf' Leon then went up to a group of girls and said, f'XVhy does an Indian have a wigwam?" The girls bit. so Leon said, A'To keep his hat on." I don't get it. Mr. VValther said one day that teachers could not stand sitting because they are not contortionists. XVillie Ranft is still a single man. I know that was in last month's column. but a lot of water has passed under the bridge since. A lot ffour, to be exactj of fellows who went balmy during the first month. have returned to normal. One got a crane to lift him out. another turned a certain girl's eyes brown again, and Norris XVeis is back with his gaze turned toward XVestern Maryland College. lfishcl is picking up where his brother left off. Xkln. do you sit by the piano when you can't play? One of the number eight street cars caught tire re- cently. l,Vas it the rezl-hot personality of the Sfl .C. girls aboard? Bernard fpronounccd Ber-nard r Phelps told thc spon- sors of the Senior Dance that it was the best dance that hc has been to, XVC might add that it was also the first he has attended. Next month brings forth the old sage, Norris XVcis and So Wfhat? Miss Munn, when talking about the Queen in Ham- let, said, 'iShe looked as if she were on her last lap." P.S. lim Iett should save his poetic abilities for something other than the classroom. It Wasn't Told To Me, I Only Heard . . . THAT THE Bells of St. Marys are calling a certain senior special: distance no obstacle. That freshman girls do enjoy being walked back from the library at night. However, the following suggestion has been offered: that a new library be erected directly on the other side of the glen. That some girls we know are still getting letters from the boys at home. but are having a grand time here. VVhen asked about the situation they replied. "VVell, it's a long winter." That a few freshies would like to know: a. If a walk in the moonlight is just routine. b. How to get used to the library system. c. XV hen the .ripper classmen are f'ragging" them. d. VVhy they are treated as guinea pigs. That the dorm girls. first floor, want to know who killed Ivy. That even though it was Friday 13th, the goblins didn't "get" a soul. Everyone was enjoying himself at the Senior Benefit Dance. Perhaps the black cat ac- counts for its howling success. VV ho would have guessed it Q or: f'Have You Hearduj The other night. Henderson had two Hat tires-one on a rim. "Do you think that the radio will ever take the place of the newspaper?" "No, you can't swat the flies with a radio." johnson: A'XVell. I always throw myself into every job I undertake." lessie: "Did you ever think of digging a well?" NOVEMBER - ine ,ffm aff' xl Our little Lilly is the sweetheart of the Loyola boys. Mr. Moser: '1Now, if I subtract 25 from 34, what's the differcnce?', Pupil: "Yeah! That's what I say. XV ho cares?" The Devil sent the wind To blow the skirts knee-high. But heaven just sent the dust. T0 blow in the bad manis eye. Lauenstein: "XVho gave you that black eyc?' Cox: "Nobodv! I had to iight for it." HCJ-HLHW Husrori Enrroizs Foreign Affairs Hitler believes that he and Stalin are going to get along Hue. They have agreed not to make dirty cracks about each othcr's ideologies of mustaches. -The New Yorker The map of Europe has been changing so fast that one Board of Education is considering the teaching of geography with motion pictures. is 15 131 A doctor had an urgent phone call from a gentleman saying his small sou had swallowed his fountain pen. "All right! I'll come at once." replied the doctor. "lint what are you doing in the meantime?" A H Came the unexpected answer. "Using xr penfll. I Career Woman jContinuecl from page 103 been in fun, started at this last remark. Trying to suppress the hope that she knew was in her shaky voice, she said, "YVhat?" "I said, wouldn't you like to go to the dance with a college man next Friday night? It'll give you a chance to get acquainted, since youll probably see each other next year." "XV-why y-yes, I'd love it," she starnmered in reply, not trusting herself to say more. After she had managed to break the news to her mother, Matilda went on a grand shopping spree that changed her from a drab. listless individual to a spark- ling-eyed. radiantly happy girl. She went first to the den- tist and insisted that the brace be removed from her teeth: it was unsightly and she didn't really need it anymore. In the beauty shop, she had an expert mani- cure that did wonders for the appearance of her hands and she chose a wave that would be as becoming as possible. Trying on dresses was her greatest thrill. There were many and varied styles and colors of youthful evening gowns, but she looked especially for one that would make her appear short and slim. The silver san- dals she bought were high-heeled and toeless so that no one would have guessed they were size seven. Never had she been so happy and excited before. There was a red ring around the date on her calendar, and she marked time, so many days before the dance. Very promptly, at eight o'clock, Matilda took one last look at herself in the mirror. before turning out the light, and going downstairs to wait for the arrival of Betty and her cousin jack. She wasnlt displeased at the reflection she saw there and prayed a last fervent prayer that she might be liked and admired, just for one night. At eight-thirty. she heard two cars stop in front of the house and excited voices chattering. She had often heard them stop at Lillian's house across the street, but now they were stopping here. in front of her house, and tonight she was going to be one of the merry crowd to dance and enjoy herself at the Country Club! Betty gave a squeal of delight when she saw Matilda. " 'Tildy, you look lovely! Matilda, this is my cousin, jack. Listen, honey. I'm in a hurry because Bob and I are going with Rosemary and Bill. jack'll take care of you . . . and we'll see you at the dance." She was gone before Matilda could utter a word. Trying to stay calm and serene, Matilda looked at lack and tried to read his eyes to see if there was any hint of admiration in them. However. she was quite unaccustomed to reading peopleis thoughts, especially boys'. and found herself blushing with embarrassment, Z8 as she realized she had been staring at the tall, hand- some man before her. A'Shall we go?" he asked politely. She thrilled at his nearness and remained silent as his skillful hands guided the car out of the town traffic and into the country. It was about ten miles to the Club. "So you're going to the university," he ventured brightly. A'Yes.l' she replied softly. She didn't tell him that she was glad to meet someone from there so that she wouldn't be a total stranger and hoped that they would be good friends. She was content to sit quietly and listen to his description of the university, its professors, fra- ternities. club, dances and so forth. XVhen they reached the Club, they sought out Betty and her friends and strayed in their direction between dances. After the first dance, Matilda realized that in her preparation for the evening she had not included learning the latest dance steps and the rest of the dances were simply variations on the two-step. waltz, and fox- trot. Matilda noticed that Betty was quite popular with the stag line and never danced all the way around the room with the same partner, while she changed part- ners only when Betty expressed a desire to dance with her cousin. After waltzing once around the floor with her new partner, Matilda excused herself and made her way out on the veranda, where she found an empty seat near some large, potted palms. Quite unaware of it at first. she was suddenly startled into the realization that Betty and jack were quite near. though hidden. The music had stopped. and she could hear their voices. "XVhy in the world is she going to the University? She'll be as popular as the measles at the rate she's going now. She acts as though she had never had a date in her life." Matilda could not hear Betty-"s reply, but is was evi- dently in her defense. "XVell. no, I don't suppose it is her fault, but why' use me for a guinea pig? Right now, I feel like a walking eatalogueg I didn't know I knew so much about the University. After tonight I won't laugh at jokes about women talking so much." Betty again said something and Matilda sat petri- fied, hardly daring to breathe. 'Cf course, I'll stay with her and try to show her a good time. But, for goodness sake, Betty, if you're a good friend of hers. take her in hand over the summer and see what you can do before you wish her on me at college. I promise you I'm good at evading people. so if you don't want her feelings hurt . . ." The voices died away as they walked off and the music started. He'd be looking for her so she walked around TOWER LIGHT r 1 l s l i i l the veranda and went in another door, where he'cl have a hard time finding her. Mrs. Squinch w'aited up to hear how her daughter enjoyed herself and to help her with her clothes because she knew she'd be tired and sleepy. Matilda went about her preparation for bed slowly and refused to talk, pleading 'headache and fatigue." Her mind, however, was active and she drew a mental picture of her assets. or perhaps her liabilities. No beauty. no personality, no accomplishments. no social experiences, no charm. A home? V ery doubtful. "Mumsy," she sighed as she snuggled clown in the blankets, and reached up her arms to hug her mother "good-night," 'AVVould you mind so awfully much if there was a career woman in the family?" A TINY TOUR tContinued from page 31 buttons. which lighted first from a dim distance and gradually ever nearer the hang- ing splendor of the Cathedral and somewhere a tran- scription of Beetlioveifs Sonata swelled in the proces- sional of color and sound. In awe and reverent humility. as in the presence of the mighty God of Nature. we were silent. By ones and twos. we gradually returned to day- light and reality. For an hour, we idled in the twilight of the Lodge. held by the spell of a sanctuary and then were off for the V. M. I. chapel at Lexington and on to the Natural Bridge. True to our human natures. we anticipated all the disappointments which weather could provide at Nat- ural Bridge. And we wasted so much worry! YV hen we drove up. a young man bearing an enormous sea-side sunshade. came up to our car and we stepped up under its tent-like protection. 'Twas such fun walking under that thing through puddles and rushing rivulets! Once inside the spacious administration building. we were outfitted from crown to toe in water-proof garments. and for fifteen cents were taken by bus to the open-air auditorium where the crowd enjoys exquisite music reflected from the Bridge while one looks at it and won- ders. There was ample time to walk along the stream and gaze in open-eyed curiosity, according to inclina- tion, and when all eyes and necks were tired. then to return to our starting point perfectly dry and elated. The journey's final lap took us awinding up circuitous roads again through narrow gaps between mountains whose tops were completely swallowed up in clouds. From these crests, we coasted to thc east over rolling grazing lands and still on to a gentler coastal plain. By eight o'clock, we were home again, our wanderlust satis- fied for a season. and our hope alive for the "next time . . . V' NOVEMBER - 1939 HARRY C. LANGGOOD -P02 YORK Ro.-in. Nr-:xr 'ro C1i11s.iP11.xxi3 Avi.. Towsox, Xln. Skilled Wfzztcb, Clock, Jewelry. Eye Glass and Fountaivz Pen Repairing-Diammzrl Setting Phone, PLAZA 6730 HA1VIlVIANN'S Music Store 206 North Liberty Street, Baltimore, Md. 2111i door alien' I.m'I11g1mz PIANOS ' Victor, Brunswick and Decca Records ' Shcct Music Orchcstrations ' Bucschcr Saxophoncs ' Band Instruments RADIOS-R. C. A.. Victor and Philco ' Repairing Compliments of POTOMAC COAL CO. FALLS ROAD at 26th STREET Baltimore, Md. ANTHRACITE and SEMI-BITUMINOUS You lVill Be A Welcorfze Depositor In The Zgank of Baltimore Qiuuntp YORK ROAD . . . TOWSON, MD. Deposits Guaranteed to 55,000.00 CLASSIC CAMPUS STYLES from IIIICIISCIIILD K 0 ll N 8 C 0. Baltilnorv GUARANTEED WATCH REPAIR , n Neills Charles Street at Lexington Compliments of . . TOWSON THEATER The Straub ,iaatinnal igank uf Tnmsun, jlflu. LOUISE BEAUTY SHOPPE 32 YORK ROAD - Phone, TOWSON 1022 COXYIQNIEXT FOR COLLEGE Specializing in Individual Styling and New XVella Hair Treatment People with Discrimimlting Tastes Prefer Esslqay Quality MEAT PRODUCTS 30 THE AMERICAN STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE Gjl Qenzocrafic .qzsfifufion fContinucd from page 23 Massachusetts established the first normal school in lS39 and other states followed in close succession. These normal schools had to adjust their standards to meet the achievement level of thc students who came to them. Students from such elementary schools as then existed. taught by poorly equipped teachers. open for only a short time during the year. having few books and little or no opportunities for cultural enrichment, were not prepared to do the work which had been planned for them. The first normal schools were little more than high schools. They claimed to teach the same subjects as the high schools but to present them with a different pur- pose. As the elementary schools improved and high schools became more general. schools for teachers were able to raise their standards They became two year schools requiring high school graduation for entrance. Their curriculum was planned to give the students the professional training needed to teach in the elementary school. A ln the meantime. the curriculum of the elementary school underwent changes. New psychologies devel- opedg new findings in the field of biology gave new and different understandings of individual differences among the pupilsg new philosophies of education resulted and a science of education slowly developed. At the same time cultural patterns underwent striking changes. The increasing complexity of life. social and economic, added greatly to the problems which beset the Ameri- can family and community, and changed the needs of the pupils. thus necessitating a shift in the aims and objectives of education. The realization of these goals brought about a general expansion of the whole field of education reacting on the normal schools and challen- ging them to effect a different type of education for teachers. Normal schools became three year schools and finally four year schools granting the BS. degree. During the period of transition from normal school to teachers col- lcgc the purpose emphasized was to increase the num- ber of subject matter courses. Klany of the teachers colleges recognizing thc need for additional academic courses imitated thc curricula of the liberal arts colleges. Several types of organization have resulted. Thcrc is thc tcachcrs college which is organized as a two year junior college plus a two year professional school. There TOWER LIGHT :and Colleges. At the spring meeting of the American l is the four year teachers college which organizes its courses so that the students have opportunities for in- tegrating the academic and the professional subjects during the entire four years of study. The State Teachers College at Towson is organized on the second plan. The philosophy is, that personality patterns are not built stepwise. nor in layers, but are interwoven like a "seamless web." Experience would indicate that those who become the best teachers are men and women who as children lived in homes where they imbibed from well planned. highly systematized, everyday experiences and wholesomely happy family re- lationships. the beginnings of those personality char- acteristics which in later life are recognized as teaching aptitudes. liiteracting with those beginnings are those school experiences which leave their impression indeli- bly tixed. Other life experiences are woven into the fab- ric already showing some completeness of design. The teachers college continues the weaving. adding to and continually strengthening the warp and the Woof, work- ing in the color, providing for balance, caring for the harmony and the high lights. and enlarging the per- spective. All this the teachers college does by selecting the students carefully and by affording them curriculum opportunities which develop many-sided personalities and which condition the students for exercising that type of leadership which meets the demands of the school system in which they are to teach as well as the needs of the individuals who are to be their pupils. Teachers colleges have their own accrediting associa- tion-the American Association of Teachers Colleges. Our school is the only one of the Maryland State Teach- ers Colleges accredited by that Association. Several of the largest teachers colleges have been accredited also by the Eastern States Association of Secondary Schools Association of University XVomen a motion to admit to their membership graduates of teachers colleges was passed. This is considered quite a victory for the teach- ers colleges. Our own college was one of a group of colleges selected for study by the committee which made the favorable report. F rom this brief history. we may see how our professional education came to be, how we have grown, and the direction in which we are ad- vaneing. , Q COMPLIMENTS OF l, il A FRIEND l i. y'NOVEMBER . 1939 ll. I A Deposit of 51.00 Opens a Checking .flfmllzzt in the CHECKMASTER Plan at The illintnsnn Hatiunal itiank TOWSON, MD. Our only charge is five cents for each check drawn and each deposit. Est. 1886 Telephones, Towson 4 and 5 Mason's Service Station Betholine - RiCbjield Gasoline Official AAA Station 24-Hour Service TOWSON, MD. - Phone, Towson 554 All State Teachers College Students Are Cordially Invited To Pt1f1'01IiZ6 The T O 'W S O N D I N E R Best Food and Sandwiches At All Hours 61 1 Y O R K R O A D TowSoN. MARx'i,.-xxii Come To Hzaqlwff For The .fmawarf anal Best Looking Cafifpzzf ana' Dale Clothes HUTZLER BFQTHEIQ GI BANKING SERVICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL Personal Loans -FQ, Investment Certificates issued in multiples Of of S50.00. Interest payable january lst S100 to S1000 At Fair Rates. and July lst. IVE INVITE YOUR INQUIRY Citizens' Industrial Bankers, Inc. 1 104 ST. PAUL STREET - - - - BALTIMORE, MARYLAND Service Station To Students IEANNE KRAVETZ October I6. l939 Dear Aunt Ieanne. I hope you can help me. but I don't think you can. I loyc S.T,C.. but I am rather lonesome. All of my friends from high school went to the University of Maryland or Coucher. and I just can't seem to hit it off so well here. I am in an all-girl class. and I don't like that so much. The work out here isn't too hard. but I just can't seem to make a go of it. They say the place is friendly. but the upper-classmen seem to stick to- gether. Maybe later, I'll get to like it here, but right now I'm in a fog. l'm sorry if this nut is too hard for you to crack. Loyingly, "A Freshie" All of us at some time or another feel at loose ends. The problem then is to find something to which to cling. Everyone of us is different. and so, to everyone, is his own answer to this problem. Our interests help determine our personality. In order to examine your personality and thereby solve your problems, you must analyze your interests. Certainly in a college with so many clubs, you will find a place to realize your apti- Give A Gift Uvitb A School Or Lodge Seal The Iohn Trockenbrot Co. xr.-xNUF.-xCTURERs OF School, College, Club, Lodge, RINGS and PINS See Our Display In The Book Store BANQUET FAVORS -:- TRCUPHIES 310 N. Paca Street VERNON IOSZ 32 tudes. Perhaps you are afraid that you will not find a friendly atmosphere there. Here is an answer to thatg join a club, and offer to work on some committee. All arms will be open to you. You will find a place for your- self. learn to know people, and be in a group with upper- classmen. Ineidentally, if you choose your club well. you will come in contact with men students. XV ith your in- terest in people and things, you will find your interest in class work begin to grow. I do not believe that joining a club is the sole solution to your problem, but try it and I'm sure you won't be lonesome. You will be identifying yourself with some- thing within the college, and thereby associating your- self with it. This bond of being a part of it will strengthen your liking for S.T.C. NOTE: If you have any other ideas to help our Freshie to enjoy college life more. send them in to the TOWER LIGHT office in care of this department. If the law of gravity keeps us on earth, what made us stick before the law was passed? i X il-' The easiest way to drive a nail without hitting your finger is to let someone else hold it. Teacher Iafter lengthy explanationj: "Now, did I make myself plain?" Voice from Rear: "No, Nature did that." "XVhat does the yellow signal mean to the waiting Scotchman?" "Time to start his engine." ii IF i Sweet Young Thing: "Don't you think that it would be foolish for me to marry someone who was intellectu- ally my inferior?" Not-so-Sweet Ditto: "Not only foolish - in fact, I'd say impossible!" T O WE R LI G HT PLEASE PATRGNIZE OUR ADVERTISERS V, A A 45 ,L MQ? ' I - ik ix H , S i R They do the job they're meant to do Chesternelrls are like that . . . they go about their business of ffivinfv K D U you more smoking iq ' - f fe ' pleasure...1vilh a taste, aroma and mildness i 'ii-ax. .- "K .i,ip,ifj, ' 5 . . 4 Qillxfk A 1 thats all their own . . . the kind that only the A U right combination of the world's best ciga- rette tobaecos can give. X. sl Q K 'wh' xi! , Q N kj :- iQ!Egi?:qfz,je'... QGAPQTTEQ u uocuv a mms mancco C0 Cupyrlgln IU W, LILVLA 'Fl N fXiYlKS T 1 C0 C ZHZLZI' 1 I...-.. 939 ower .gigkf I ' I fiiglif I I I XX "Have you ever noticed that Camels burn longer and give you fl . more smoking?" l , 4 asks VAN CAMPEN HEILNER ' . f muuus carve .mn FISHING AUTHORITY I fe- -4-sf i .- C ' A Ab ' "I".41V" waiting in the duck blinds for the "zero hour." Explorer, or e, Sportsman, scientist, conservutionixt, author ofthe authoritative, new ' A Book on Duck Shooting, " Hrilner knows the waterfowl flyways from California to lllaine, Alaska . . H I8 ars. lo zllrrica, and those of Europe too. Van has been a Camel smoker for yr OU can tell 1 lot about a cigarette bv whether it burns fast or slowly. M Camel cigarettes are noted for their long burning, In fact, they burned lon ver, slower than any ollivr brand, in recent scientihc tests fre ri lit . 5. , I , Van Campen Heilner, the famous American authority on wild game, points out an interesting angle to this. "Camels give more .vniolcmg because they burn so slowly." he says. "And I think the way they burn is a very good way to judge the quality of ciga- rettes too. I notice this about Camels-l can smoke them steadily and they mil cool, and mx' mouth feels fresh-not dry-with no throat irritation. Camels are mild, tlaw Irv. They give more genuine pleasure still taste smooth 1 er pug and more pulls per pack." Turn TimCLllT1t'lS. Get extra smoking per p -. . pack-topped otT with the delicate taste ol choice quality tobaccos. l'or con tentment-smoke Camels! MORE PLEASURE PER PUFF. ..MORE PUFFS PER PACK! ,"1a. Whatever price you pay pe, Pa-ck, 1t's important to remember this fact: By buming ZSZ slower than the average of the 15 other of fhellargesr-Tiling brands tested -s ower t an any of them- CAMELS give a smoking plug equal to EXTRA sMoKEs PER PACK! , Q: QW QL: J i c X .-:,- 9 I x . , 5 I Tifgms - i N r, no . C. ?.5fNn"fb"'f V in :ri-E, '--1-.mga Im Z:-J, .?,L Cigarettes were compared recently ij"S'xteen of the largest-selling rands ...under the searching tests oft impartial laboratory scientists Ilmdmgs Were announced as follows: 1 CAMELS were found to con- tam MORE TOBACCQ BY WEIGHT than the average for the 15 other of the lafgest-selling brands. 2 CAMELS BURNED SLOW- ER THAN ANY OTHER BRAND TESTED-2592 SLOW- ER THAN THE AVERAGE TIME OF THE 15 OTHER OF THE LARGEST-SELLING BRANDS! By burning 2575 slower, on the average, Camels give smokers the e uiv EXTRA SMOKESqPEl1JelPiXgfKT In the same tests CAIXIELS 3 HELD THEIR ASH FAR LUNCER than the average time for all the other brands, D011 deny yourself the pleasure of smoking Camels, the quality ciga- rette sony Smoker can aiibrd' PENNY FOR PENNY YOUR BEST CIGARETTE BUY! CAMEL -Long-Burning Cosilier 165515605 X 5 ,W THE STAFF CYWER BEET Vol X111 ff DECEMBER xx No. 3 CONTENTS PACE BELLS . . . 3 EDITORS 1 CHRISTAIAS - 1939 . . 4 EVELSN A. FIEDLER KA'1'11H111NE PHASER YE GLDE ENGLISH DINNER 3 RICIIAIlD CUNNINGHAINI CuARL1as GRoss COLIE, ALL YE NATIONS . 5 CIRCULATION ADVERTISING THE SPECTATOR ---- 6 MANAGERS MANAGERS - Esther Royston Elizabeth YVeeIns OBEDHLNCE TRAINING FOR DOGS I hlargaret Heck Tillie Cold LETYS TALK TURKE1' ' 1 . 8 Virginia Roop Icanette Iones Norma Cambrill Margaret Lowry ETERRY CHRISTMAS . . . 9 BUSINESS MANAGERS lVIAKE YoUR CIIRISTLIAS CANDIES . . 11 Y1'01mC B611 STREET CRIES or DAYS OF YORE . 12 Iohn Edward Koontz NV HO Is SANTA CLAUS? . . . 13 DEPARTMENT EDITORS . . ON AN ERA IN HUMAN HISTORY . 1-l Art Service Statzon DOfOfl1y' SIIOOPS 153311113 Kfglygfz TOT LOTS ..... . Alice Trott Miriam Kolodllcf General Literature EDITORIALS ' 16 Audrey Pranischufer , w Marguerite WVilson THE LIBRAR1 ' ' lf Humor Patricia Herndon NIUSIC - ' 30 Katherine Iacob SPORTS l . l 21 Frances Shores Music Elizabeth Melendez Sydney Baker ASSEIXIBLH' CALENDAR , 23 Svieflfff FASHIONS . . . 23 Lce McCarriar Exchanges . 101111 Cgigoaf Milclrccl Hanicnt SO VVHAT ' ' 26 ldmes mmol ALUAINI NEWS . ZS Athletics Fashions ADVERTISFXIENTS -,O Henry Stcckler Marie Parr A h Catherine Paula Dorothy Sigk Nolan Chipnian C U E DESIGNS: Library 0 939 Vent-1' . . . . 1 . A - . it -1 - rr Elizabeth Zentz llclcn Picelc Fronllsplcce ' Ulu lui Audrey Horner lloward Stottlcmyer Fashion Cut . A. 12. llrainscliutcr Doris Klank Marx' Brashears . Mary Di Peppi Nancy Nletzgcr SNAPSHOTS - 1199 3'lC'C111'11l11' Editorial gf1mg,ifZg11'gEj1x, THE TOXVER LIGHT is 1mb1R1iQa mimuiiy - mruitf 5111111101 1111111111111 through Iunc - by thc Students of thc Statc IliQLlL'llL'lN Collfslf 11111105 lm at Towson, Marylaricl. . . . . . . . ALICE MUNN - - Managing Editor 31.50 PICR YEAR . 211 Q3ilfX.l'4 V511 ll iluttle Ghrwtmas wash To every heart a little fire, To every hoard a little feast, To every heart al01Vf To every child a toy, Shelter for hird and beast. - ROSE FYLEIXIAD' ,fthe elevation of the host." THE HISTCRY of bells and their influence on the life of the masses is indeed a romantic one. For ages bells have exercised an almost magic power over human affairs, rousing, frightening, summoning- cheering, eonsoling, inspiring. Not only have they been intimately associated with all kinds of religious and social uses, but with every important historical event. In fact, they have even exerted a remarkable influence on architecture, for to them, indirectly, we probably owe most of the famous towers of the world. In their religious capacity bells Qand particularly church bellsj have performed, in days gone by, a vast number of important duties. They have summoned folk to services, marked the various divisions of the :hureh service, announced important church days and anniversaries, designated the hours of the day, and told of important community events. i In Old England, where bells found their greatest use, the "C-abriel bell" wakened the people of the parish, while the "Mote bell" or f'Common bell" summoned them to the church service, The ringing of the 'Sermon Dell" was an indication that there would be a sermon, ihe ringing of the "Pardon bell" just before and after 'he service was a reminder for the worshipers to pray for the pardon of their sins. During the service the 'Sanetus bell" called the attention of the eelebrants '0 the more solemn parts of the mass, while after the service was over the f'Pudding bell" gave the cook notice to prepare dinner. The "Sanctus bell" is still used in flatholie churches at the point of the mass known as Births, weddings, and deaths have all called for ap- iropriate peals. It was I and still isj customary in many ilaees, to ring the 'AChristening peal" when someone vas being baptizedg and the 'APassing bell" and "Death :nell" when a person was dying or dead. The "Passing :ell" was supposed to drive away the evil spirits wait- ng to pounce upon a dying soul, while the "Death :nell" was considered a way of showing respect for a merson who had died. ln many places the uPassing bell" S still rung at eleven RM. on Christmas eve in the be- Nief that the devil died one hour before Christ was born. This bell is known as "the Old Lad's passing bell." y Before the development of clocks, bells were ex- lremely important tiine-tellers. The "Angelus," com- iemorating the visit of the angel who told Mary she yas to be the mother of Iesus, was rung every day at ix in the morning. at noon, and at six in the evening. yt took its name from the Latin: '4Angelus Doinine nun- iavit Marie . . . " which young and old reverently re- i i :JECEMBER . 1939 B E L L S RICHARD CUNNINCHAM QQ cited when this bell bade theni kneel. lxlilletis ".Xiigcliis" vividly portrays this beautiful custoni. 'l'he "Curfew bell," begun by .Xl- fred thc Creat in the ninth cen- tury. and revived by XVilliani the Con- queror two hundred years later, was rung every night as a signal for the townspeople to cover their fires. tlfrenchz eocvre-fcu, cover fire.j Although the curfew was origi- nally meant to avert the danger of the then highly in- Haniniable houses burning while their occupants slept, VVilliani found the custom helpful in checking noe- turnal gatherings of dissatisfied subjects. After thc ring- ing of the curfew no adult was allowed to go from one place to another unless he carried a light in his hands, under threat of imprisonment. It is not unnatural that such an important bell has been the subject of many poems. Almost everyone is acquainted with the lines: "The curfew tolls the knell of parting day" or "Curfew shall not ring tonight." Still another important time- telling bell was the f'Paneake bell," rung at eight P.M. on Shrove Tuesday Cforty days before Easter Sundayj. This bell stopped the eating of pancakes and formally ushered in the Lenten season. Before this bell rang, each family prepared and ate a tremendous meal of pancakes, knowing full well that it could not eat butter again for forty days. Other important bells of this type were the f'Harvet bell" or f'Seeding bellf, calling the laborers to work at five in the morning, and indicating at seven in the evening that their work was to eeaseg and the A'Cleaning bell," rung at nine in the morning and five in the evening, to mark the time when the gleaners might go over the fields to get what the har- vesters had left. Countless are the other unique services which bells have rendered, They have guided travelers on the wild and pathless moors safely to town, and have enabled seamen to avoid dangerous reefs and slioals. "The lneh- eape Rock" by Robert Southey, tells of a bell of this latter type. They have sounded the alarm in time of fire and storm, and have said "You may bargain" to merchants and customers in many a medieval market or fair. ln fact, so important was this market bell that "forestalling," or transaeting business before the bell rang was, in olden times. a punishable offence. The A'Oven bell" gave notice when the lord of the manor was ready for his tenants to use his oven in baking their bread. As Poe so admirably expressed their story in "The Bells" when he said: "Brazen Bells! XYhat ii tale of terror, now. their turbuleney tells .... " bells ligne announced many dreadful doings, including uprisings. revolts, and even massacres. lust such a bloody chapter of history was rung in at Messina. Sicily, in IZSZ, when eight thousand French settlers were slaughtered while the Vespers were ringing. Since then these Vespers have been known as the "Sicilian Vespersf' A similar gruesome event occurred in 1572. when the tolling of the bells backward ushered in the massacre of one hun- dred thousand Huguenots in France. Again, when Nel- son triumphed and died at Trafalgar. bells tolled the great victory and the irreparable loss. Perhaps the most beautiful use to which bells have been put. and one which has been for ages most beloved among all Christian-speaking peoples, is the ancient custom of ringing joyous peals at Christmas and New Year. How desolate this glad season would seem with- out children singing everywhereg or without the church chimes swelling the air with familiar Christmas hymns like "O Come All Ye Faithful." How the merry bells herald the wonderful tidings of the birth of Christ! It could not possibly be the thankful season Longfellow had in mind when he wrote his immortal lines: "I heard the bells on Christmas day Their old familiar carols play And wild and sweet the words repeat Of peace on earth, good will to men." QiwfilgriligliglggdgSQEQQEHWQQQQESJHEQPQeilgglgglggliiglggjge Upristmas 1 1959 CHARLOTTE M. HURTT CHRISTMAS-IQSQ! No Christmas dinner in the dormitory. No packing to go home. No good-byes to friends at school. No Christmas assembly. No rehearsal of Christmas carols. XV hat is there to make this year as happy as last year? XV here are the friends we have lived with for four years? Thus my mind idly wandered as I sat midst the great throng in the Cathedral. The organist played Christmas carols. and a thousand voices were raised in honor of this great time. Suddenly I thought of Rose. I wondered where she would spend the cold days since school had closed. There was nothing at home but cold and hunger for her. No warm Ere. good food. nor Christmas tree to greet her. Her holiday spirit would come from peeping in windows after dark to see the bright lights and toys that Santa had left. Perhaps her chimney was too small for Santa to find. And then there was Gilbert. who would hate Christ- mas because it would mean no papers to serve. His seven years of life had taught him that food and clothing came from hard work-serving papers in thc cold, misty mornings, and at the fast-falling twilight. Would Gloria have the dinner finished by the time 4 her mother returned from work? After scrubbing office floors, there was little energy left to feed six hungry bodies. But, as usual. Cloria would manage and have things ready. In less than a decade she, too. had learned that food means life. December twenty-fifth would mean just another day as six little tired bodies were tucked away in bed. "Away in a manger, No crib for a bed. The little Lord Iesus Laid down his sweet head: The stars in the sky Looked down where he lay The little Lord Iesus Asleep on the hay." These words sung by a choir boy slowly brought me back to reality. Voices again were raised in songs of praise as this refrain filled the air. But my head was bowed with one simple thought: Cive me the strength to fan each tiny spark to life, that some day each will do his part to light the flame of the world. 3 Christmas, 1939-TIIE BEST CHRISTMAS EVERi TOWER LIGH1 s l Ye Olde English Dinner Ye Yuletide Feast will be holden on Thursday ye Zlst Daie of December atte one-halt after five by ye Clokke in Newell Hall of ye State Teachers College at Towson. It is ye Wfisshe of ye Lady of ye Manor and hirllenehmcn that ye share ye goode Cliere ye Vitalle and ye Musick. A written Vlforde will keep ye a Place at ye Board. Wfeare ye olde English Garments rather than ye outlandish French styles. ONCE MORE we shall turn the dormitory into a feudal castle, and Merrie Olde England, in all her I pomp and revehy will live within our portals. The Lord of Newell is holding open house to all the villagers of .the manor this Yuletide season. He and his noble lady lwill welcome to their castle all their vassals and their il retainers, all the masquers, mummers, minstrels and mierrymakers, all who would share the bounty of lordly jhospitality at this great festival of joy and good will. lThe gentry of the castle will make merry in traditional style. The dukes with their wives, the barons and their ybaroncsses, and the knights and their ladies will cele- lbrate with him amidst great pomp and ceremony at the jGrand Feast. jubilant Hourishing of trumpets will her- Pie, and the Plum Pudding. Then all will sit down to partake of the rich feast. After the noble repast, Father Christmas will remember all the faithful servants of the Court. Following the feasting and merriment, the doors of the great hall will be opened wide to welcome rich and poor alike, and laughter and holiday festivities will reign! The Court jesters will bring in the Yule Log, and give a toast to Christmas. YVeary pilgrims from Canter- bury and strolling minstrels will be guests under the roof of the castle, dancers from the village, inuminers, mas- quers, wrestlers, tumblers, and other professional per- formers will show their skill. All will make merry till the Great Fire in the hall has xald the processions of the Boar's Head, the Peacock burned to ashes! RUTH DURNER ilEgfggjgilggligtgwifgilgrgjfgiilfgilingtgwifiislirglfiwifgriliiligstfigtgfi?-'ing l ome, All Ye Nations KATHERINE IACOB WO NATIONS, come ye, and let us walk in peace." This is from the Christmas program of the Campus jSehool. Can anything be more appropriate, a thought more hopeful, a desire greater on this unpeaceful Christmas? i VVith this beautiful thought the Campus School is jputting on its own Christmas program in its assembly jroom. The story of the program is about a family of ishepherds who learn of Christ's birth. The sons, who fare herding the sheep at night, hear the angels sing their jpraises unto the newborn Infant. The shepherds take jtheir gifts to the Infant. VV hen they rejoin their family, they tell about their visit to the Christ Child. I The Campus School hopes that their new curtain lwill help them do things with scenes that they have 'FDECEMBER - 1939 l not been able to attempt before. The chorus, as they did last year, will furnish lovely Christmas music for the drama. You who saw the program last year know how perfect the setting was. Outside praise was tremendous. Mr. Velie referred to its perfection of setting in his summer school courses. This year the program will be just as perfect and every effort will be made to improve upon it. A problem this year, that did not enter last year, is speech work. Good enunciation must bc stressed. The program typifies this lovely scripture message: "And He shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people, and they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation. neither shall they learn war any more." The Spectator XVILLIAM IETT IT IS Christmas Eve. and the light snow sifts down past the dim street lamp near the doorway in which I have taken refuge. Steeped in thought. I am aroused by a sudden whoop of young voices as a laughing troop of merry children dash along the street. stopping only long enough to snowball a shabby hound across the way. Ah. thoughtless youth. thinking only of the mor- row and its gay festivities. how little you realize the misery you make for this poor cur. Soon. however. my thoughts are turned from this wretched outcast to the steady crunching of snow approaching my shelter-place. It is a pompous. contented looking man. laden with bundles that suggest pleasing sweetmeats. turkey. and Christmas gifts. Over one ami are strung several holly wreaths. Surely this gentleman. garbed in beaver hat and fur-trimmed coat. must be a prosperous merchant of the city. His homecoming will be sweet. attended by affectionate kisses. a wami Hreside. festive decorations, and abundance everywhere. But not so with this de- crepit old lady shuffling behind our prosperous friend. Perhaps she is a charwoman-her bent shoulders and flimsy shawl bespeak it. XVhat is your destiny. Madame? But hold. she stops. purchases a hard loaf of bread at a bakers stall. and trudges on her way. XVhat a gloomy day the dawn will bring for her and hers! Unhappy lot that lies in store for thousands like her. for no Christmas joys will brighten their drab routine of existence. Almost in a reverie. I start as a two-horse "shay" comes jingling down the misty street. A pair of lovers. mayhap married. are the sole. but all-important occu- pants. Such love upholds the hope of such a night, and through the love. I reflect. comes inspiration. ambition. and the crowning triumph of achievement. Indeed. this would be a happy land if every man bestowed upon the next the same consideration that these lovers give each other. In the distance. a solitary bell strikes midnight. and tradesmen close their shops to wander homeward in the deepening snow. They proceed at different gaits. for home offers varied things to them. To some. it is a haven. a place of rest and warmth: to some it is merely a place in which to eat and sleep: to some it is a barren. cold and bitter room. where no one waits to greet or comfort them: and to some it is a goal. a beckoning milestone. by which they may greedily count one more day's addition to their hoard. As I step from my vantage point. the last late straggler slips along the opposite 6 side of the quiet street. No doubt he has celebrated the occasion. and is rather intoxicated, since his course seems a bit unsteady, and he has much difEculty in carrying a brightly-ribboned package under his arm. Iust as this merrymaker seeks his bed. so shall I seek mine. and there enjoy sweet slumber: for the rich, the poor. the oppressor. and the oppressed find one thing. at least. in sleep-oblivion. DEAR GCD . S. DAVIS DEAR GOD . I thank Thee for another day of grace .... Do you think daddy will remem- ber me? He left so quickly, so quietly, that I scarcely saw him go .... Please. Cod, protect him from stray bullets and shrapnel. For health and strength and daily food .... I never knew cows were so large, or that gardens, you know, where they raise vegetables. took so much weeding. Lord. I am so stiff from bending over that I am standing in front of the window, look- ing up at You. Outside. the endless moor stretches for miles in front of me. The moon has turned the heather to silver. and the night bugs are making a terrible racket .... XVhy do people always talk about the stillness of the country? Oh. yes. God. protect my mother: guard her well. She's all alone now. with daddy at the front. and sister in Glamorgan. and me here. And God. lead others into the paths of righteousness and truth. that they may extend the Kingdom of Heaven and light the way for those who are to follow. Amen. TOWER LIGHT 'OBEDIENCE TRAINING FOR Dogs REBECCA C. TANSIL "DOC TRAININCH to the majority of people means teaching a dog tricks, usually of the aerobatic type found in the vaudeville dog act. Here the handler tliinksfin terms of pntirtainingl the apdience rgther tian o "educating" tre cog. In tie last ew years, iow- ever, a new type of dog training has developed. This ,training is based on psychological principles, and its ipurpose is to make dogs better companions to human ibeings. A dog trained in obedience is protected from -.aecidentsg the well-inannered dog ceases to be an an- ,noyance to the non-dog lover. 1 The group sponsoring this modern training is the iObedience Test Club, a national organization formed rin March, 1936, by a group of eight people who were yiinterested "in developing the brain power of the pure- ,libred dog." The movement has spread until there are. lat present, about 400 members scattered over 16 differ- yent states from Maine to California, from Canada to lHawaii. I 1 . . 1 The Dog Owners Flraining Club of Maryland, the yseventh to be organized in the entire country, was Q-formed in the early spring of 1938. The Training Class lot the D.O.T.C. is held regularly twice a week-on 1Sunday morning, at the C-allopmg Field of Druid Hill y'Parkg and on Monday evening, at the Richmond Mar- iket Armory. This gives the dogs the experience of both ioutdoor and indoor training. Each September you will llind a group of dog owners trekking to the Park or to 'Lthe Armory to enroll their dogs in the training class, ,which regularly follows the calendar of the local public lschools and colleges from September to Iune, with Graduation Test Matches occurring the last week in June. The only holiday during the year is at the Christ- ymas season. 1 It is interesting to watch handlers and dogs arrive from various sections of Baltimore and its suburbs for irlasses. Coming in every type of conveyance, from lim- pusine with liveried chauffeur, to station wagon, the trainers are young men and women or oldish men and women, while the dogs range all the way from Dober- man Pinchers to Spaniels. The training of the dog is based on progressive steps, Livhieh any good dog, regardless of breed, can learn if handled correctly. When first enrolled, the dog enters ,Zhe beginner's class, which may be compared to the kindergarten or primary grades in our educational sys- iDECEMBER - 1939 i i 1 1 i tcm. Here he learns certain fundamentals and simple exercises such as "to heel on leash," "to sit stay," "to come when called," and Uto down stay." The first thing he must learn, however, is how to behave in a group of his fellow students. He imist pay strict attention to his handler at all times, and must not sniff at his neighbor even though he is only a few inches away. As the dog masters the exercises offered in the bcginncr's class he is promoted to the advanced class, where he attempts more diflicult feats. Here he must learn "to heel freef' "to retrieve dmnbbcll on the Hat," "to retrieve dumbbell over obstacle," 'tto drop on recall," and to perform Uthe long jump." XVhen the handler feels that his dog has reached a certain degree of proficiency in these feats, he puts the dog through an Obedience Test Match qualifying him with points toward his degree. The first degree offered is the C.D., meaning Dog Companion. To receive this degree a dog must "qualify" in three test matches sanctioned by the Obedience Test Club and judged by an authorized examiner. To A'qualify" means the dog must make the high standard of 85 out of a possible 100 points. After a dog becomes a CD. he passes from the Novice Class to the Open Class, and begins to compete for the C.D.X. CDog Companion Exeellentj. The exercises in the Open Class are more difficult than those in the Novice Class, and the dog must perform the exercises with a greater degree of perfection. To earn this second degree a dog must 'Aqualify" in three Open Class Test Matches in a sane- tioned show. This means that each time he must make 200 out of a possible 250 points. The third and highest degree, is the U.D. fUtility Dogl. A handler looks upon this degree with a great deal of pride and hopes that some day his dog may become the proud owner of a UD., for only a limited number of dogs in the country have achieved this distinction. To earn the U.D. the dog must compete in three sanctioned shows where other dogs are competing for this same degree. and must receive high scores C160 out of a possible 200 pointsj. To successfully pass the U.D. examination, the dog must, among other things, "speak on eommandf, "ex- ercise scent discrimination," useek back for lost articles." "stand for examination," and take the rigid 'ATracking Test." To train a dog effectively the handler must exercise a great deal of patience and apply certain psychological principles of habit formation. Some of the suggestions given to new handlers are: Q11 Always use the same word and motion for a given exercise, so as not to get the dog confused by a sudden change in command: Q25 Use simple language at all times: L31 Correct your dog at once when he makes a mistake, because it is difficult to change an exercise once learned wrong: i-ll Y Give frequent rcst periods between practice exercise so that the dog will not become borcdg LSD Praise your dog when he performs the exercises correctly. but do not punish him when he fails. The teaching of dogs through fear, trainers claim, belongs to the hickory stick era and retards rather than advances a dog. Q65 Above all. try to keep your dog interested and enthusi- astic about his training. Training dogs for obedience has become quite a fas- cinating scienceg the full significance of which can only be appreciated by seeing a class in action. XVhy not come out some Sunday and see one? HOW TO MAKE YULE TREES LAST LONGER ACCORDING TO the United States Forestry Service. early shedding of the needles of the Christmas tree is easily prevented. Usually this is accom- plished by merely setting the Christmas tree with its butt in the watery by paring the butt with a sharp knife before the tree is put into the water, so that water absorption will be pro- moted, or by storing the Christmas tree in a cool damp place before it is set up in a warm room. A still better home method for keeping the Christmas tree fragrant and green over the hol- idays, say the foresters, is to set the Christmas tree in a wide-mouthed container which holds about a gallon of water. Mix five grams of citric acid, and six grams of inalic acid or pectin with three quarts of water. VVhen the tree is set up. add fifteen grams of calcium carbonate to the acid solution and pour the entire mixture into the container. As the tree uses up the solution, add more water. Since this inexpensive solution works espe- I cially well with balsam and spruce, our chief Christmas trees, and to some extent with all the evergreens except hemlock, why not try it? The added enjoyment which the non-shedding A tree furnishes us should certainly be worth the small amount of work which the needle-fixing requires. 8 LET'S TALK TURKEY NORMA E. CAMBRILL N o IN THE late twenties the turkey was, as al- ! ' ways, considered the Thanksgiving and Christ- mas bird, but economically he was a failure. There was no money in turkey raising and consequently no turkey raisers. Suddenly a great demand was felt and the turkey industry rose like a giant mushroom. This year turkeys will probably bring thirty-one or thirty-two cents a pound. To raise a full grown turkey costs about seventeen cents a pound. Feed companies make up estimates as to what a bird should cost and they estimate fourteen cents, but the owners of turkey farms disagree with this. This price includes initial cost of the turkey, feed, heat, and other items of overhead. Feed bills will average about one and seven-tenths cents per turkey per day. For about eight hundred fifty turkeys a ton of feed a week is needed, The arrangement and care of the grounds on which the turkeys are housed are very important. One item to consider is the erection and use of electric light poles. These keep the entire area around the houses and roosts light. Thieves are much less likely to take turkeys from grounds thus illuminated. Turkeys are very sensitive creatures. If small turkeys get wet in cool weather they will catch pneumonia I which is almost always fatal. ln any weather they mavi crowd together and smother. 1 VVhen turkeys are large enough to feather out, real worry starts for the raiser. A mysterious, deadly disease, blackhead, often sets in. This malady, strikes silently and quickly. There is no way of telling that a turkey has it for rather has had itj until he is dead. Fortunately, a pellet has been concocted which if administered once a week will prevent blackhead. Another preventative measure is the building of raised wire runs if chickens have ever been raised on the same ground because they leave germs of the deadly blackhead disease. Humorous incidents occur too. Day old turkeys when placed under a heated hover will drag their wings and spread their tails in infant miinicry of the gobblers. Though they can hardly walk they can strut. How like human nature! Often when little turks sleep, two oil them will lie with their necks crossed. Seeing this the others will take a running leap and land on the necks of the sleeping babes, They repeat this until the young sters give up sleep in disgust and walk away. Farmer Hendrix says, 'Turkey raising has its ups ant downs but America must have turkey for Christma: dinner," l'll have a druinstick. please. TOWER LIGHT, i v W 1 l l F I j l, I. ii 11 1 v 1 E1 ti jr I I I T1 I j r l f C 1 i 1 1 ju 111 1' il' 1i' fl kt ! 0'1 I hu ,j1 I E 5 tit ' l ,r 1 111 I I 12- 4 1 A WEEK before Christ- Q Q I .' Xlary took off lie" 'shabby mas! The genial holiday l I coat and outinorleff but and spirit had invaded even the crowded seven o'cloek street car. Large, bulky, white packages tied with red and green cord and covered with brilliant seals were tightly clasped in the arms of those for- AUDREY HORNER threw them on the bed. .X1 she was about to fall inte the chair, she saw the white envelope flutter to the floor. "XVhy, that's the envelope that fell from the beautiful limousine that al- 469' 45? wit tunate passengers who had secured seats. Weary men, imbued with the spirit of good-will and chivalry, stood cheerfully aside to let the women rush to the vacant places. Everywhere the atmosphere seemed happier, the hot. stifling air, less oppressing. Several loud "Merry Christmases" echoed through the car as the tired riders heartily greeted one another. Slowly pushing the button as she neared her small, dis- mal street, Mary Hunter was reluctant to leave the noise and confusion of the car. Once out in the bleak, dreary night, the young girl stood staring at the vanishing trolley until a sudden wind, penetrating her thin coat, caused her to shiver. Cone was the Christmas spirit and the gay, jovial air. In the dark street no wreaths adorned the doors, no brightly-colored trees were gliinpsed through half-closed curtains. Shaking with cold and fatigue, Mary did not notice the large, shining limousine which was Hying past the narrow street. Only the raucous honking of a horn and the loud voice of a chaulfeur saying, "Why don't you watch where you're going?" made her jump aside. Looking with wondering eyes at the disappearing ma- chine, Mary noticed a white envelope which had been dropped in the middle of the street. She ran to pick it up and, without stopping to open it, fled from the pierc- ing cold. The smell of boiled cabbage and the suffocating odor of stale air greeted her as she hastily closed the hall door to keep the gusts of wind from entering the house. i'Cood evening. Merry Christmas, Mrs. McGrath!" she called to a bent, dour-looking woman who came from the direction of the kitchen. 'AHuh, and what's merry about it, I'd like to know! With jim out of work and Tim sick, it's a line holiday I'll have. Christmas is all right for the rich, but it ain't so merry for us poor folks." Too tired to answer Mrs. McGrath, and beginning to have doubts herself about the joys of Christmas, Mary hurried to her own tiny room and closed the door. The familiar objects were all in their usual places - the narrow iron bed, the battered bureau, the chair covered in faded chintz, and the thread-bare carpet. YVearily. DECEMBER - 1939 442',AS'4+ most ran over me before. lt must be wonderful to be rich and have a car like that! They must be very rich, for Q the back of the envelope says: Q UMRS. THEODORE XVARRI-LN "62l Park Avenue "Oh, look! A ticket - a sweepstakes ticket. The number is 0114. So that's what was in the envelope." Mary murmured. half to her- self and half aloud, as though she were speaking to a friend. "Gosh, I've always wanted a sweepstakes ticket. I like to imagine what I'd do if I won. There would be no more getting up at six-thirtyg dressing in the cold. dark roomg and rushing to work to stand in Brown's basement until six-thirty. I'd no longer have eleven hours of monotonous selling and endless bickering over a few cents' change. Why, with the money, l'd buy a warm coat with a soft fur collar. I'd leave this room, this dismal street, and Brown's basement store forever. I'd go to a business school and then I could get a real job. l'd send Tim McGrath to Florida to the sunshine and fresh air so he'd get well. But - " Mary broke off and looked at the ticket with a smile bordering on tears. "But the ticket isn't mine, and l didn't win any money. l'm just Mary Hunter, making eight dollars a week. Oh, well, I'll put the ticket on the bureau. It's probably no good, anyway." 'tAw, Mary. Here's yer paper. An' you owe six cents. Remember?" screamed Lenny McGrath. the pride and joy of the McGrath family. "All right. Lennyf' said Mary, going to the door. "I-lere's your money. Merry Christmas." "Gee, yer gave me fifty cents. Huh. ain't yer splurgin'? It's fer Christmas? VVell. if ycr want to be a sucker. Thanks fer the dough." "You shouldn't have given him that money. Mary Hunter. He'll only spend it for cigarettes and. besides. you need it yourself." Mary sternly reproached herself. "But it is Christmas. and he probably won't get any presents ..., Oh. the usual headlines - a murder case and an elopeinent. YVhy. herc's something about 'flu sweepstakes. It says, 'Those people having tickets li' ing the following immbers win Sgllflil 1 '1s1 'l chance at the grand prize. The niunbers 0980. 6160. 011-f. 8020, The people having these tickets must stop at 919 XYcst -l0th Street by noon tomorrow in order to claim the moncyf My. some people are lucky. Imagine winning five thousand dollars." meditated Mary. "XYhy - " Suddenly a thought came to her. She jumped from her chair and ran to the bureau. "0ll-l. 0ll-H XYhy, that's the ticket I foundg that's the ticket that belongs to Mrs. Theodore XVarren. It has won five thousand dollars!" Mary sank into the chair and clutched the ticket in her hand. She stared at the small printed paper for a long time. Then, as though scarcely daring to put her thoughts into words, she whispered. "But I have the ticket. I found itg I can keep it. I can take it to that of- fice and get the money. No one will ever know. Mrs. XVarren can't need the money with her Park Avenue ad- dress and a town car, She won't even remember the mimber of the ticket. Five thousand dollars. all my own. It will be wonderful. No one will ever know. I'll be able to do all the things I've always wanted to do. I can keep the ticket. It's mine. I need the money so badly." Mary stood with her slender body tensed with sudden determination. Then her figure assumed its usual lines of weariness as she said aloud. Yet struggling with her- self. 'Alt really isn't mine, even if I did find it. Finders, keepers: losers, weepers. But this is a serious matter. A fortune is concerned. How could I wake on Christ- mas morning and know that I had kept something that wasn't mine? I can't do it. I'll return the ticket: I'll return it tonight. Tomorrow. I might change my mind." Mary put on her coat and hat, placed the ticket in the envelope. and tucked it securely in her bag. All the way to the Park Avenue address her thoughts were in a constant whirl. for she was still fighting herself. Once she rose from the seat of the bus and started toward the door. but stopped and slowly made her way back to her place. The bus finally stopped near an imposing brown mansion. Mary walked to the door. stood for a second not knowing what to do, and then lifted the large. brass knocker. Swiftly, the door was opened by a uniformed maid who. seeing Mary. cowering and shabby. said harshly. "YVhy don't you use the back door if you're selling something?" Mary no longer cowered near the door. She stood upright and in a splendid voice said, I'm not selling any- thing. I have some personal business with Mrs. XVarren. My name is Mary Hunter." Grudgingly and with a swift backward glance. the servant made her way to Mrs. XVarren's room. In a few minutes she returned and said condescendingly. "XVhy. Mrs. VVarren doesn't want to see you. But if you'll 10 hurry, she will speak to you for a second. Here, up the stairs." Mary was ushered into a boudoir as large as the entire house in which she lived. A tall. sophisticated woman in her late thirties was seated before an enormous mir- ror. She didn't turn as Mary entered but said in a high affected tone. f'Come. what do you want? I warn youg I'm not giving any more money to charities. Come, come." "Mrs, XVarren, I found this. lt had your name on it." Mrs. NVarren took the envelope from her and opened it gingerly as though expecting it to be contaminated. "Oh, the sweepstakes ticket. I'd forgotten that I'd bought it." "But Mrs. XVarren you won five thousand dollars. You have a winning ticket, I saw the number in the paper," "Really. How nice! I did so want to play roulette to- night. lt really is surprising that you returned this." Mrs. VVarren cast a disdainful look at Maryfs coat and hat and said aloud, 'fMost poor people are so ungrateful for what charity does for them. I suppose you returned the ticket for a reward. Here. take this. You only did your duty in returning the ticket." Mary rushed from the room and out of the house, without looking at the money or even saying "thank you." She had had a difficult time refraining from an- grily telling Mrs. VVarren her opinion of charities. Slowly, she opened her hand and looked at her reward. A single dollar bill lay in her hand. Tears sprang to Mary's eyes. "I didn't return the ticket for a reward. I didn't have to take it to her-but with all her money to give me a dollar." Blindly. Mary stepped into the street. The screeching sound of brakes being quickly applied rang through the quiet night. The crumpled figure of Mary lay still in the street. A liveried chauffeur jumped from the limousine and stood before Mary's motionless form. "It's beyond me why poor people don't stay in their own side of town. VV hy I believe it's the same girl I saw in that small, dirty street a while ago. I suppose I'll have to take her to a hospital. It won't do any good. She's dead. Mrs. XVarren will probably bawl me out for being late. XVhy don't poor people stay where they belong?" XV ith that he thrust the lifeless body into the back of the car and sped into the darkness. In the distance. Christmas bells began to chime merrily. A tree. brilliantly lighted, shed a dazzling glow on an adjacent street. Voices were heard singing. "Silent Night, Holy Night." The feeling of "Peace on Earth. Good XVill to Men." fioated through the night. TOWER LIGHT I I v I 4 1 l I i l ll ei Confectioner's sugar is a good base for yother uncooked candies. Soften sugar with il li. MAKE YOUR Christmas Candies ALICE TROTT Making candy for Christmas is one of the happiest ways of entering into the holi' day fun. It is one answer to the question: "VVhat shall I give?" and a delightful one, lZ0O. Fudge is an all-around favorite if it is made well. The secret of good fudge lies gin cooling the mixture over a low flame aand in beating it mightily afterwards. Re- lmember that nuts added to a standard re- lcipe, are liked by many. Here are some favorite fudge recipes: Ruth Tapman's Fudge Lump of butter. size of a nut 2 cups sugar 2 teaspoons vanilla , l cup condensed milk -4 squares of chocolate Shave the chocolate, add the other in- gredients and cook over a low flame in a saucepan about twelve minutes or until a soft ball forms when the mixture is dropped in cold Water. Remove from tire, add 2 'teaspoons of butter, and beat until con- coction thickens. Pour into a square pan, and when slightly cooled, mark in squares. . Many of us like the cocoanut peaks we buy in the bookshop. It's more fun to make them. Try this recipe: Cocoanut Peaks M cup cold mashed potatoes -l cups confectioner's sugar -l cups shredded cocoanut lVz teaspoons vanilla Ms teaspoon salt 4 squares foal of unsweetened choco- late Mix sugar and potatoes. Add other in- gredients and blend well. If mixture is too stiff, thin with a few drops of cream. Form . in peaks on slightly greased surfaceg allow to stand uncovered 20 minutes to dry. h1VIelt chocolate over hot water and dip the base of each peak in it. Allow to stand on cellophane or waxed paper until choco- iate is firm. fMakes about 2 lbs.7 cream, add butter, and cream well. Add lnint flavoring and vegetable coloring, and shape, and we have our favorite mint pat' ies. Use the same base and this time add liDECEMBER - 1939 l shredded cocoanut and vanilla. Form in balls or roll into desired shape and roll in cinnamon, Another delightful way to use this base, is to dip nuts. or fruits into melted chocolate. V Pecan nuts are one of the Christmas favorites. They may be added to fudge or other mixtures, but here is a featured pecan recipe: Pecan Pralines 3 cups granulated sugar 1 cup thin cream Speck of salt 1 cup sugar feooked to caramel stagel 3 cups pecan nut-meats Chalvesj Stir the sugar and cream over the tire until the sugar is melted, then boil to soft- ball stage. In another saucepan have ready the cup of caramel syrup and pour the first mixture into the caramelg let boil up once, remove from the fire and beat until slightly thickened. Add salt and nuts and drop by spoonfuls on to marble or waxed paper. Miss Greer has given us some of her favorite recipes. She says about them, "These candy recipes have been used re- peatedly, with success." Chocolate Fudge 2 cups granulated sugar M tablespoon cocoa V+ teaspoon salt l cup cream Butter the size of an egg l teaspoon vanilla Mix dry ingredients in saucepan. Add cream. Cook over slow iire, stirring con- stantly until it begins to boil. Do not stir after boiling point is reached. Boil slowly to soft-ball stage. Remove from fire. Do not stir or agitate. Add vanilla and butter when cool enough to hold hand on bottom of saucepang beat briskly and pour into buttered tin. Mark into squares. Sea Foam 2 cups brown sugar l tablespoon vinegar l cup water 1 teaspoon vanilla 1 stifily beaten egg white l cup nut-meats fif desiredj Boil sugar. watcr and vinegar together until it spins a decided thrcacl tilicn dropped from a spoon. Pour ycry slowly onto egg white. beating constantly. .Xdd vanilla and nuts. Xklicn stiff enough to hold shapc, drop from spoon on oilcd papcr. Plain Caramels Z cups sugar 34 cup corn syrup pinch of salt 2 cups crcam 1: cup butter l teaspoon vanilla lfi cup nut-meats For chocolate caramels use Z squares of chocolate or 6 tablespoons cocoa. Cook sugar, syrup, butter and 16 the cream. Stir constantly. XVhen mixture boils add remaining cream, a little at a time. Use spoon-path test fpass spoon through it, and if spoons path does not close at once. it is donej or cold water test to ob- tain consistency desired. Remove from Ere, add vanilla and nuts, Pour at once on greased tin. As soon as firm, mark into squares with sharp knife. Dip knife into hot water to facilitate cutting. Drop Fudge CMM. McNally5 2 cups granulated sugar 4 squares chocolate KM lb.j 55: cup cold water Combine sugar, water and chocolate and let melt over slow fire. XVhen thoroughly melted, turn burner on full and cook for about Zlfi minutes, or until it forms a soft ball in cold water. Remove from stove and pour into bowl to which butter fsize of walnutl has been added. Let cool. Add few drops of vanilla and beat with spatula or electric beater. Drop on waxed paper. Note: Do not stir after mixture begins to boil. Penoche CCatberine Scbeibleinl Z cups brown sugar 2 tablespoons butter V2 cup nut-meats lblack walnutsl l small can Pet milk l teaspoon vanilla Boil sugar and milk to softball stage when tested in cold water. Remove from fire, add butter and vanilla. Cool. beat nn- til creamy and thick. Add nuts. pour into buttered pan and cut into squares wlicn cool. TRY OUR RECIPES. XYONT YOUT BE SURE TO LET US KNOW' IIOEX' YOUR CANDY TURNS Ol'li ll STREET CRIES OF DAYS OF YORE CATHERINE N. COOK IT IS a gray afternoon and that melan- choly cry drifting in through the window carries one back through the centuries. into a thousand streets of America and Europe, The itinerant vendor of wares is many times a business genius in disguise. The modern invention of the chain store and the quick-delivery delicatessen have dealt the vendor of wares a serious blow. As the years pass. he becomes a less fre- quent visitor. XYho would think of buying pepper- pot soup from an old negro mamrny. who trudges along with a steaming caldron, crying "peppery-pot" when a soup of the same name can be had in tins? The most interesting of all the soup-calls was the one which boldly declared the curative value of the potion: All hot, all hot. all hot Make-a-back strong Make you live long Come buy my pepper-pot. Pepper-pot, Among other singing soup-salesmen, there is a negro whose legend still exists, although he disappeared in 1894. During the great days of steamboat trade he oper- ated his little soup-pot and his fried-Esh stand on the levee at Cincinnati. Ohio. He attracted his trade with the following call: Soupy, soupy, soupy, soupy, Soupy of de little white bean. For some unknown reason. most oyster- men sing their wares in the major keys in a most unsentiinental manner. Oystees salt, oystees salt, oh salt oystees. oh. Then. the devil crab man: Crab, crab, debil, debil crab. The famous old negro honey man of Charleston died a short while ago. He could he heard saying: I'se got honey, yes ma'am. I'se got honey. Honey right from de comb. 12 The honey man in Knoxville was more poetic: Honey. honey-wild. tame. light or dark Sweet as de juice of de hickory bark. Honey! Honey! Then there is the rag man who drove a dilapidated mule hitched to a rickety old wagon, and cried a quarter-tone rag cry: Rags, ole iron, and copper and brass, and copper and brass, Oh rags. and iron and copper and brass. Ugh, huh. oh rags! A poetic charcoal man of Philadelphia is always identified by: Charcoal by the bushel Charcoal by the peck Charcoal by the fryin' pan Or any way you lak'. Here's the skillet call you've often heard: Heah come dat pore ole skillet man, Skillets wif lids. Skillets wif two handles. Black ones. shiny ones, Long-handled forks. Tin-spoons. Heah come dat pore ole skillet man. A colored man named Black Tom was a horseradish man. As he pushed a little grinder before him, he sang: Horseradish, horseradish Ole Black Tom never lies Grinds yo' horseradish fo' yo' eyes- Horseradish. horseradish. The hot corn man had keen competition as he screamed out his wares at the upper end of the piano: Hot corn, hot corn, Heah's your lily-white hot corn. 1Repeatl The plaintive, melodious cries of Negro street vendors still prevail in New Orleans. The clothes pole man's familiar cry: Clos-poles-long. straight. clo's ----- poles. Many times a week the buttermilk man comes around crying: Butter ---- milk ------ butter ---- milk. In early May, the blackberry woman comes to town with her basket on her head. The juicy berries are artistically, covered with sprays of elder and sycamore leaves, to keep the fruit from the hot sun. Her cry, a bit melancholy, goes: Black--ber--ries.-fresh an' fine I got black--berries. lady, fresh from de vine : I got black--berries, lady, Three glass fo' a dime I got black--berries I got black--berries. black--berries. The charcoal man usually visits the resi- dential sections twice a week, crying: Mah mule is white, mah chah-coal is black, I sells mah chahcoal two bits a sack- Chahcoal-Chahcoal- Since 1500, street cries have been used as musical material: piano suite, sym- phonies, and operas. The well-known opera, 4'Louise," written by Charpentier, pro- duced in 1900, is an example of the latter. The earliest record that we possess in English is that given in the New English Dictionary of a cry of 1393: "Kokes and here knaues crieden hote pyes hote," which, with but slight variation, was preserved to the close of the eighteenth century. The cries of New York are sometimes so dis- torted that they are unintelligible, except to the initiated. Familiarity helps the hearer to recognize "I cash clo" as th cry of the buyer of old clothes and "wux- try" as the newsboys' version of extra. In Maryland. no doubt, these cries are familiar to you. There is the rag-bone man who calls as he wanders down the street: Rag ---- bones ---- rag----bones ---- any ole rags? In many communities. you hear th strawberry man calling: Straw--berr--ies ---- Straw--berr--ies----. Straw--berr-ies. Anne--Aran'l Straw--berr-ies Then, in summer. the plaintive cry o. the watermelon man: YVater ---- melon ---- water ---- melon ---- Red to the rine ---- red to the rine ---- Pluck 'im ebery time ---- right off de vine I am certain that there are many morn that you have heard from these picturesquf vendors in Maryland. XVhy not help to make a collection of these for our inter ested friends? TOWER LIGH !Who Is Santa Claus? CALVIN PARKER OF ALL the customs eoimected with the Christmas season, perhaps the most interesting one is that of giv- ing and receiving gifts from friends and relatives. The personage associated with the receiving of gifts tin the hearts of little ehildrenj is that of our Santa L i Claus. Santa is always Nm! awa pictured as a fat, chub- 5 if by, rosy-cheeked old man who, on Christmas an is L Eve, visits little boys and girls and leaves presents. The stories about his big sled, pulled by reindeers, and his many brownie helpers are familiar to all boys and girls, And what parent, on Christmas Eve, doesn't still remember the days when he looked forward to a visit from Santa? Of all the things associated with the Yuletide season, the legend of Santa Claus and his doings is the most wholesome and de- lightful. But just who is Santa Claus? He is not known under the same name the world over! ln England can be found many people who have never heard of him under the name of Santa Claus. In the United States we know him under three names: il Santa Claus, St. Nicholas arid, more rarely, Kriss-Kringle. As far as can be determined, the original patron saint of the Christmas season was St. Nicholas, who was Bishop of a town called Myra, in Asia Minor. He is supposed to have died in 3-IZ A. D. Stories abound in every coun- try of Europe about him, because almost every country is interested in St. Nicholas. He is called the patron saint of children. Because legend has it that he once calmed 1 storm he is also the patron saint of sailors. Oddly enough, although he is now thought of as a giver of gifts, he was at one time the patron saint of thieves. This :ame about because he was supposed to have converted 1 gang of robbers and made them restore their booty to the people whom they had robbed. Through the years the name of St. Nicholas has become so associated with acts of charity that he has merged into our modern Santa Claus. The name Santa Claus comes from the Dutch who Drought the Santa Claus legend to America with them. Klaus or Claus in Dutch is a short term for Nicholaus, Jr the English equivalent, Nicholas. In America the iame Kriss-Kringle is looked upon as another name for Santa Claus. Such is not the case, however. Kriss-Kringle ,S simply a 'tcorruptionn or mistaken pronunciation for the German word Christ-Kindlein which, in English, DECEMBER - 1939 means Christ Child. The two terms lin the popullr imaginationl have been welded into one and will prob- ably always remain so. The evolution of St. Nicholas, Bishop of Myra, into our modern Santa Claus forms but one of many stories and facts about the Christmas season which should be familiar to everyone. Persons who are really interested in learning about the origin of some of our Yuletide eus- toms should read a book entitled The Story of Santa Claus, by Xvilliam XValsh, obtainable either at the Pratt or the college library. Now would be a good time to read the book in order to recall the Christmas mood of long ago, when there was "Peace on earth and good- will toward men." SPECIAL EDITION BARBARA PIAILE 'APA-PER! SPECIAL e-di-tion for Christmas Eve! Pa-per! Yes. sir-Here you are, sir. Pa-per!" So lim, clad in clothes neat but ill-suited for the falling snow, danced about at. the corner in an effort to keep warm and at the same time to sell his papers to the rapidly thinning crowd. jim was working overtime in order to earn some extra money. He had secured enough to buy a simple gift for his mother, who usually worked, but who now was sick in bed. But he had nothing as yet with which to buy gifts for the kids. ln almost feverish excitement, jim tried to dispose of the last few papers. But everyone hurried on his way, each intent on his own thoughts, just as he was reluctantly preparing to leave in despair. a young man and a girl dashed up breathless. but joyous. "Hiya, Sonny! How about a paper? Hurry! YVe're on our way to celebrate. XVC just got married!" jim gave them the paper and automatically started to pocket the coin, when he realized with a start that it was not a nickel, but a quarter. "Hey, Mister." he yelled to the now distant couple, 'tYa forgot your change!" jim, with a few papers under one arm, and his bundle under the other, let himself quietly into the house so as not to disturb Mom and the kids. Then hc set to work. Yes, there was thc tree on the porch. looking very forlorn. But he would tix that! So, awkwardly. but with a loving touch, jim decorated the little tree with its strings of popcorn, its shimmering, laccy tinsel, its candy canes, its tufts of snow, and its crowning glory of light. Then, with a secretive smile and a feeling of exultatioii. he bade the world a "Merry, Merry Cliristniiisn he framed the window with the light of a Hit-lrering, gl 'i,1 - ing candle. on AN ERA IN Human History j.-mms jma' HISTORY IS. in itself, pragmatic. During the years of human progress, ideas have occurred to meng and the testing of those ideas has resulted in the point of civili- zation from which we view them today. Our present culture is the effect of previous ideas. One phase of hu- man history. in particular, has affected the entire hu- man race. but our conception of that era lies not in the era itself. but in the conditions that existed in centuries following the period. Those conditions, which interest men today. were caused by the era - the lifetime of Christ. Little is actually known about this man whom the Gentiles accepted as a Messiah and the jews rejected as an imposter: only one thing is certain - he was a great man with a great mind. He possessed the ability to see and know those things which are beautiful and noble. His great mind functioned in his technique as a teacher for, during his short life. he indoctrinated his disciples so well with his philosophy that they were able jas twelve minds functioningj to initiate more and more potential teachers. Soon after his birth, his work was done: still there was much more work to be done. The opposition to Christi- anity was not weak tit is not weak todayj, nor was the Christian philosophy weak, In Europe it absorbed those aspects of continental paganism which promised to strengthen it. Here was something which offered Euro- pean pagans their own religion in a more colorful and more appealing form. It was dogmatic. but so were the pagan beliefs. It was monotheistie. and yet the Trinity suggested a plurality of gods to be worshiped. Including the thoughts and beliefs of the day. it naturally found favor among such peoples. The unity of Christianity was broken by the Renais- sance. The teachings of Christ. as taught by the Church fathers, were at first doubted. then challenged and at- tacked. Consider, then, what Luther. Huss. Calvin and others thought about the philosophy of Christy consider why they disputed the teachings of the Church. The effect of ideas. alien to Christianity, guided the thoughts of the reformers. Scientific facts, reasoning and logic be- came the chief elements in the argument for the rejec- tion of specific codes basic in Christian philosophy and beliefs fe. g.. transubstantiation was refuted bv Luther because it did not conform to scientific factsl, Those men, too. were influenced by the ideas of Christianity still adhered to by the Church. Ideas at work thus pro- duced a new conception of religion and. consequently. of Christ himself. YVhat then can we say we know about the man or his religion? Our conception of Christianity 14 is pragmatic - it is a conception of the effects that the religion has workedg it is a conception of the ideas of men at work. During the Christmas season it is the common inter- pretation of Christianity that matters. Its material phil- osophy is one of beauty and truth. Its living spirit is a giving spirit. All sects recognize this at Christmas time, when the birth of Christ is celebrated. To give and to share joyously that others may be happy - that is the most noble of the ideas of Christ. TRAINS GORDON F. SHULES IN A week it is going to be Christmas. This makes me very happy. It is going to be a very nice Christmas on account of how we are buying junior a train. It is very cheap, this train. You pay one dollar down, and they will collect fifty cents a week. I am hoping it is not going to be like Uncle Fritz. Uncle Fritz is the one who bought a piano in IQZS. He is still paying for it. He is very smart. my Uncle Fritz. He says a piano looks very nice in a living room. He did not buy a piano with strings because he cannot pIay a piano. He says it is very crazy to pay for something he cannot use. So you see. he is a very smart fellow. Sadie. that's the wife. and I went to Hymie Blum- berger's brother's store. His name is Blumberger. too. 'tSadie." I says. "we shall go up to 'Toyland' on account of how I want to get a present for junior." So we go up to A'Toyland." I am feeling foolish on account of all the kids are looking at me. I hear one kid say, "Mother. is that man one of Santa's reindeer?" I am hoping I am not looking like a reindeer. "Sadie," I says, "am I looking like a reindeer?" Sadie says, "No," and this makes me very happy. I am so happy I asks a little boy if I may help him run his train. "Scram." he says, And I am so surprised, I scram. Shopping makes m weary. and I am just going to sit down on a box. when I see that it is a box full of trains. My brother raced one in a Ford, and lost. So I very carefully opens this box, which says. "Trains" I sets it up to see if it works. Mr. Blumberger, that is Hymie Blumbergcr's brother. walks up and says, 'Alf you will get off your knees. I will tell, you how you can buy this lovely train very cheap." I am not kneeling: I am sitting on the floor, I gets up and the next thing I know I End myself shaking hands with Mr. Blumberger. "Only one dollar down." he says, "and fifty cents a week. Your son will have lots of fun letting you show him how to run this fine train." I gives him a dollar. and he says. "Thank you." Sadie says junior is going to like his Christmas present very much, XVe are giving him a train. TOWER LIGHT 7 lBalt1more's First Tiny Tot Tor Little Folks to Play Kiwi-IERINE SCARBOROUGII lPrintecl through the courtesy of the Baltimore Sunday Sunj AT M CHENRY and Norris Streets. in southwest Baltimore, there is a three-dimensional illustration for a fairy tale. streamlined to suit a modern world. Sur- rounding a small plot of ground, taken over by the city for non-payment of taxes on four houses which formerly occupied the site, a high wire fence, strong as they make 'em and surmounted by barbed wire, eneloses a new land of make-believe. Entrance to it can be had only through a door VValt Disney might have designed and -no one who is unable to walk upright through "the wee gate" enclosed in it can come in. Inside there's a real ,house, just 5 feet square and built for pretending. Near- by there's a fleet of bright green swings and some see- .saws and a sandbox, all scaled down for use by little ipeople. On the ground theres a layer of nice, soft earth. about ten inches deep, to take the hurt out of a tumble. lAnd next spring, when conditions are right for such 'things, a big tree that will give a lot of shade will be planted on one corner of the lot and a lot of vines will be started to cover the fence and make a solid wall of green leaves all around the place. First Tot Lot Add these things together and you have Baltimore's first Tot Lot. officially designated by a bronze plaque .over the door. Sponsored by the Maryland State Teachers College, the Lake Roland Carden Club, the Tot Lot is a new thing under the playground sun. Only a few cities in the country have them and Baltimore's pioneer move in this direction is due to the initiative and persistence of Miss Ieanne Kravetz, a student of the State Teachers College, who got hold of the idea from H. S. Callow- hill. director of the Department of Public Recreation, and pushed it along for more than a year before enlist- 'ing the cooperation of the Carden Club and the Child Study Association. A Patrolled Streets A To secure a suitable site - one which would be avail- able to large numbers of small children who had no iplace to play and which was sufficiently conspicuous in 'its location to attract attention - the State Teachers 'College girls patrolled mile after mile of city streets where municipally-owned land was available. Armed with a map furnished by the City Planning Department. MDECEMBER - 1939 Lot Provldes ew Place from which they had obtained various statistics on pop- ulation. they conducted their survey in a highly scien- tific manner, examining the character of each neighbor- hood, noting its assets and disadvantages for their proi- ect and studying its people. The lot at Melrlenry and Norris Streets met all speci- fications. Cut off by the railroad tracks from Carroll Park, where larger children can go to play, it was sur- rounded by a closely built-up section from which there has been little or no migration over a period of years. The streets in every direction were filled with children of pre-school age. One block alone had sixty youngsters, all in constant danger of being killed or injured by traflic. Great Excitement During the past few weeks, while workmen have been putting up the fence, hauling and spreading dirt and building the swings, the playhouse and the see-saws, ex- citement in the neighborhood has reached an all-tiinc high. Mothers have left their household chores to come and watch the progress of the work. At Hrst the Tot Lot will be opened only during the afternoons. A director has been picked to supervise the play and see that nobody gets hurt. Later on arrange- ments may be made to have it opened during the morn- ing as well. with the mother of some of the patrons in charge. but this plan is still to be worked out. Next spring the Carden Club plans to lay out some small plots at the back of the lot to initiate the youngsters into the fun of raising their own vegetables and flowers. sg :gt sk sg: Note: Because of the length of the original article, it was impossible to include it as a whole, The part omit- ted is devoted mainly to the bestowal of much praise upon Miss leanne Kravetz and her colleagues in this movement. lf you care to read the full article. it may be found in the Baltimore Sunday Sun of November l9. 1939. section Z, page 3. Autumn' s aradise Ani-11.12 h lI'I'ZliI. THE DAY started windy and cold with a very weak sun, but the farther we traveled the more cffulgent be came that sun. The brighter the sun became the won vivid became the trees. Reds. yellows, and greens st 'i.i iiatwl to vie in brilliance, So greatly did they siivec-,'d ili if when we finally reached the LContinued on VJ, A E D I T Q I2 I A L S An All American Christmas K. FRASER FIVE SERENELY happy chimes floated through the open bedroom window and seemed to call all in the house to reioice. It was the Yuletide morn! Outside the window. the stars shone brightly. One by one the lights flicked a "Merry Christmas" from one house to another. Soon windows closed. and small bare feet pattered through the hall and down the steps - another pair of excited bare feet and a hushed whisper from the top of the stairs. "Has Santa been there yet?" "Yes." came the exultant reply. "Come and see!" Mihen the two boys met at the bottom of the stairs they joined in a lusty. "Merry Christmas. everyoneg come. see what Santa has brought you!" No more sleep for the rest of the family until another Christmas had passed. Soon merry greetings echoed from room to room. In one corner of the room stood a pungent pine tree, covered with brilliant balls and gaily illuminated by electric lights. On the floor beneath the tree was a Christmas garden showing the Christ Child in the man- ger. All around were stacked packages. the element of the unknown rapidly disappearing. Each window held a wreath of holly or an electric candle and. yes. just over the doorway hung a sprig of mistletoe. Suddenly, the merry hubbub ceased and all the family gathered at the window to listen as the carolers sang The First Noel and then. O. Come All Ye Faithful. "Inst a typical American Christmas." you say. But wait! Ilas it always been so? Indeed. Christmas has not always been so celebrated. It was not always a legal hol- iday. In fact. Massachusetts did not make it a legal holi- day until ISS6. Nor are our Christmas practices original. The use of holly. mistletoe. the Yule log. and feasting were all parts of old Druid practices in England. but they were adapted by the Christians in England. and later by Americans as a part of their Christmas celebra- tion. The Dutch brought us St. Nicholas. and the dec- orated Christmas trees came to us from Germany. The English and the Scandinavians used evcrgrcens for dec- orating. All nations send us Christmas carols. Thus America has mixed the customs of the Old XYorld with the spirit and vitality of America and has given us our American Christmas. 16 Sensing Human Needs Howann S'ro'1'rLEx1'fizR EVERY HUMAN being seems to have a load of some sort to carry. People in general manage to keep a calm countenance and for the most part do not trouble their fellows with their problems. VVhen something happens that brings to light our neighbors' load or han- dicap. we are amazed to End that he had such. VVe are inclined to think so much about our own problems that it seems to us we are the only folks who have them. All the time our neighbor may be carrying fully as heavy a load as we are. The essence of the Christian spirit is ability to sense the need of others and to be moved to helpfulness by it. This spirit was manifest in supreme fashion in Iesus. XVhen He went into a home. company manners did not hide from Him the anxiety that was present there. YVhen I-Ie met a person. He immediately sensed that persons need. It must have cost Him much to have had such a sen- sitive spirit. Perhaps our callousness is a protective meas- ure to save our feelingsg it may well be a measure for self- preservation. Iesus had little regard for self-preservation. His purpose was not to save Himself. otherwise He would not have cultivated such self-sacrificing a spirit. It was. rather. to serve others. And for service to others a sensitive spirit is imperative. 1 H llbfzlyef ELIZABETH M. Liswis Dear Father. take your children by the hand And show them all your mighty works of love. Your restful hills. your silent pasture land. Your quiet stars. your peaceful skies above In spotless purity. your shady lanes. Your lilies. Lord. their snowy banners furled. Your bow of shiny colors in the rain. Your tranquil lakes at peace with all the world. Then. when the sunset spreads its pink and rose ln peacefulness across the fading west. The robin goes to sleep. the blossoms close. And all the world is quietness and rest. Please. Father. ask your children why they killg Then leaye them weeping there. ashamed and still. TOWER LIGHT 2. F' b' d ,., I For children up to 8 or IO: Ire lr S Tl-IE LIBRARY AT YOUR SERVICE ELIZABETH ZENTZ EVEN THOUGH you did your Christmas shopping early, fearing that "Tomorrow may be Christmas," per- haps you will welcome a few suggestions for the solu- tion of the "VV hat shall I give?" problem. The Library staff submits a limited list of books designed for giving, even if you, yourself, are the recipient. Here is a chance to enrich your library and the bookshelves of your friends - and age is no drawback, for there are books for all! l. The famous Petersham Story Books e. g.: The Story Book of Things VVe Use Houses, Clothes, Food and Transportation 2. Stories from the Old Testament- The Petershains Stories of loseph, Moses. Ruth, and David told simply and reverently, with many full-page il- lustrations. 3. All About David ,..,.. Elizabeth Iklifllin Boyd A real American boy - his school fun and ad- ventures. 4. One Day with Manu . . . , Armstrong Sperry A day in the life of a South Sea Island boy. For children 9 to IZ: I. Merry Tales from Spain. . . ..., Antoniorrobles A gay collection of modern fairy tales by Spain's best-beloved ehildren's writer. 2. The Silver Llama ....., r , . . Alida llflalkus The exciting story of a Peruvian shepherd boy and the good luck animal of the Andes. 3. One String Fiddle ..,.,...,...,... Erick Berry Includes real music for children to play. and tells how Irby won the fiddlin' match with tunes he made up from melodies he heard. 4. Unii, the Hawaiian Boy XVho Became King - Robert Lee Eskridge One of Hawaii's oldest. most beautiful legends. For children I2 and older: . . I. Drums Beat in Old Carolina - I Albert Leeds Stillman I The story of lainie Hill, who made gunpowder for the early revolutionists. 1 'DECEMBER - 1939 I i 'YZ N I 'I ' can i it ' . rrfilfafb f I X wx, .5 . f l xx -Gail! Q ' 1 1 Y A X 4 ,Z I: X an All -:.f Q I H-elif' 1 ,N ij' :gd ' T-F f SX A.s.E.I:f.L..fff l .Donald E. Cooke The romance of Ivan and Maiya, set against the background of Stravinsky's musical suite. . Leif Erikson the Lucky . r .Frederic A. Kunnner One of the sea's most powerful sagas - thrills the heart of every boy over twelve years of age. . Swift Flies the Falcon ,.., . . Esther M. Knox An unusual tale of the First Crusade, and of a boy and his sister who journeyed on it. For adults of every taste: l. Captain Abby and Captain Iohn - Robert P. Tristain Coffin Here is the story of a man and wife of Casco Bay, Maine, who spent their entire wedded life on the seven seas. rearing their children at sea or in strange ports all over the world, sustaining tidal wave and hurricane and wreck. It is built from actual logs, letters, and diaries, and is illus- trated with pictures of old sailing ships and sea scenes. . Sometime - Never, . . , . Clare Leighton "Sometime - Neyer" is liyed on a transatlantic liner one New Years Eye. within the bonus hour of the westward crossing when the clock is put back one hour at each midnight. . Hitler's Germany , Karl Laewcnstcin This book answers many questions which have been puzzling Americans as to exactly how the government of Nazi Cermany actually works. . Live and Kicking Ned. . Iohn Nlrzscficlil A prize package of thrills - the further adven- tures of last seasons t'Dead Ned." . Kitty Fayle . Christopher ll: '7 ' t'Kitty has a wide-open heart. a capacity lf. ir -I ing something out of herself. and ll salt' ' She talks a sound vernacular. tart, natural. and American as apple pie." - The New Yorker. 0. The Nazarene . , , . , . Sholezn Asch A novel based on the life of Christ. . Country Lawyer . ,, . Bellamy Partridge The true story of a country town and the man who knew more and told less about his neigh- bors than anybody else. S. XYherc the Rivers Meet . ,W'ard Dorrance The fascinating. unconventional. and eventful record of a canoe trip along ports of the Mis- souri. Mississippi, Ohio, Wabash, and Tennes- see Rivers. These titles are merely suggestive, but they are in- tended to serve as a guide and a standard for compari- son. They are representative of the great variety of avail- able subjects and interests treated in the newer books. The old favorites are always acceptable in their new bindings and varied treatments, so don't overlook them. But do consider age. taste and outlook before you buy a gift book - it's a good, safe. pleasure insurance! HAVE YOU READ? DORIS TCL.-KNK The Middle W'indow, by Elizabeth Goudge. Coward McCann Co., New York. 1939. Are you looking for a book so absorbing that once you begin it you won't want to put it down until you have read every page? Then let me recommend this fasci- nating story of a modern English girl, Iudy Cameron. who finds the answer to her problems through The Aliddle Vi'indow. The book is unusual in that it is divided into four parts: namely. Prologue-The Search, Book One-lndi- viduality, Book Two-Union. and Epilogue-The Find- ing. Although Indy is engaged to Charles, she is not sure of her love for him. She insists that he and her family spend their vacation in a remote dwelling, Clen Suilag. in Scotland. in which she is strangely at home. Here she meets Ian Macdonald. the lord. and they fall in love at first sight, each feeling as if they had known the other before. To explain this feeling, Miss C-oudge tells the story of The Middle XYindow. which is so significant to Indy. This comprises the two middle chapters which could easily be read as a story apart from the rest of the book. It is the intriguing story of Iudith and Ronald Macdonald, occupants of Clen Suilag some two hun- dred ycars before. ln the final chapter. the modern Indy and lan find that they feel as they do because they are the people who had lived and loved there many years ago. 18 B O O K W E E K AT THE CAMPUS SCHOOL SOLOBION Cimncix NOVEMBER l 3 to November 17 was designated as "Book XVeek." In connection with this occasion, the Campus Elementaiw' School, with the aid of students and teachers of the college. made a very attractive dis- play of children's books. The books ranged from the hrst-grade picture books up to and including those for seventh-grade children. On the piano in the exhibit room were attractively il- lustrated books dealing with music. The childrens favorite seemed to be A Christmas Carol. by Charles Dickens. This was a new. revised edi- tion. bound with a bright red leather cover. The type was rather large and the illustrations. of which there were plenty. had many colors. Most of the children have expressed a desire that Santa Claus bring them a copy. Book YVeek has been recognized as an event which is beneficial to both the students and the faculty. By means of this exhibit, the children may display their tastes and widen their knowledge of the various types of books, and the teachers may become acquainted with the books which the children like. POPULARIZING POETRY N. TROTT LAST MONTH a small group of people were priv- ileged to hear Dr. Helen K. Mackintosh. Assistant to Dr. Iohn Studebaker in the Office of Education of the United States Department of the Interior. and a na- tionally known figure in the field of ehildren's poetry. give a short but dynamic talk on her subject. "Poetry" she said, "should have a more important place in the elementary schools." An average teacher. if she utilized her available re- sources. could provide for many of the essential experi- ences a child should have with poetry. Besides using poetry in classroom situations. the teacher could place volumes of POCIHS around the room and give the child a chance to browse through the books. Dr. Mackintosh recalled the following statement she once heard Dr. Leonard make: "Begin with children whcrc they arc." Too often we teachers tend to begin with children lparticularly in poetry! where we are or TOWER LIGHT where we think they should be, instead of starting at their level. What poems are best for children and how shall they be selected? The simplest and best criterion is this: The poem is best that carries the largest number of interest- appeals. At all levels, from "the cradle to the grave," the elements of action, surprise, and humor are favored in poetry. In the primary grades, the children choose poems about animals, poems about personal experiences, poems that have in them conversation, repetition, strong ele- ments ot rhytlnn and rhyme and. traditionally, fairies. In the intermediate grades, the child wants realism in animal poems and stories that replace the fictitious ones of the primary grades, and realism in science and other factual materials. I-Ie craves excitement, adventure. inys- tery stories. heroism, and patriotism. Dialect poems, particularly the ones in Negro, French-Canadian. and Norwegian, hold an immense interest for him. Strangely enough, the elements of sadness and beauty of thought hold an equally strong appeal. Poems of this last eate- gory must be balanced by those of a great many other types. After reading and discussing a wide variety of poems. Dr. Mackintosh concluded by suggesting some practical ways in which poetry could be used. She mentioned poetry memory contests, creating poetry, dramatizing poetry, and matching poems with pictures. YVe must first share the poem with the child, so that he may like and enjoy itg memorization will grow naturally out of this. Poetry is not a subject to be dreaded or despised for its boredomg it is an interesting, vital thing that can and should become an integral part of the child. YV e, as teachers, should see that the child meets poetry eagerly and leaves it with a feeling of pleasure and relaxation. The Congressman's wife sat up in bed, a startled look on her face. "lim." she whispered. 'LThere're robbers in the house." t'lmpossible," murmured her husband sleepily. "In the Senate, yes, but in the House, never!" :Ir :Sf is Laura: Bob, how were your grades last month? Bob: Iulcs Verne. Laura: Howzat? Bob: Twenty thousand leagues under the C. vi: 121 wk . lim: YVho was the hero in the play you went to sec last night? D l Iam: Every person in the audience who stayed until the end. 'DECEMBER - 1939 l l CHRISTMAS EVE ALI-Ln.-x Ilnnxicia The moon east shadows o'cr the town The old church clock struck one: Two tiny tots crept from their beds, As you and I have done. They padded to the large window, Stuck out two little heads, Beheld those moving shadows, And scrambled to their beds. Pl LG R I M AG E N. TRo'r'1' "There is a king a few leavues hence b 1 I heard a wise man say, "XV ho is bedded in a stable shed And lies among the hay." A king born in a stable? No king that . . . but a serfg Iehovalfs son would never come Of such a lowly birth. I did not go to Bethlehem Although the star was bright, But made my way where torches gay Emblazoned all the night. The palaces were spacious. They shone by night and day, Yet though I looked in eyery nook, No king among thezn lay. My feet were sore and weary. lyly heart was sad . . . but then Me thought me I would go and see The babe at Bethlehem. And now the road is rocky In every nook a thorn, The Eastern star seems yery tar, My boots are seufied and torn. But something draws me onward. I stumble in the door. The angels sing, "This is your King. Draw near I-Iim and adore." Dear Little Baby, fesus. I kneel content at last: Oh, in my heart Your loye iinpart. I'll ever hold You fast. GLEE CLUB NOTES IXIARGUERITE XVILSON CHRISTMAS AT State Teachers College means as manv different things as there are organizations and stu- dents in the college. To the Glee Club it means an ex- tensive praetice program, a radio broadcast and. this year. participation in the Old English Dinner. to be held De- cember Zl. The date for the Glee Club broadcast has not vet been dehnitelv decided on: however, it will come during the first partlof December. The leanie Group and Girls' Chorus will also have a part in the program. This year, the leanie Group will sing a song, the words and music of which were written by native Baltiinor- cans-Lizette XVoodworth Reese and Franz C. Born- schein. It is The Little Iesus Came to Town. The men's double quartet will sing a very old Christmas song of unknown authorship, The YVassailer's Song. The Girls' Chorus will sing a Christmas Carol. set to the tune of an old English folk-song. It will be especially interesting to us, since two of our own faculty, Miss XVeyforth and Mrs. Stapleton, are responsible for the arrangement and words. The tentative program is as follows: Psalm 150 ---- Cesar Franck Vienna XVoods - - - IOIIHHH SYIHUSS Salvation is Created - - - TSCl1CSHOli0H The Sweet Nightingale Arranged by Alfred Wfhitehead The Glee Club The Spirit Flower - - Campbell-Tipton Arranged by Reigger Land of IIeart's Desire - - Thomas-Kountz The Little lesus Came to Town - Bornschein The leanie Group XYassaiIer's Song AA--' Davis AIen's Double Quartet The appropriate songs from this group will be sung at the Old English Dinner. OUR ORCHESTRA-WC AO HELEN C. S'rAPLi3'roN TIHIE FACULTY and students listened with pride to the tine performance of our Orchestra when it went on the air on November first. From the stately elegance of the Minuct to the delicacy and grace of the Ballet of the Flowers, the music presented a pleasing variety of moods. In thc third movement of BIozart's symphony, the clarinet solo was sustained by a well-modulated or- chestral accompaniment as the music soared in rhythmic and lively tempo to the grandeur of the closing meas- ures. XVe are fortunate in having two such excellent vio- 20 linists as Sydney Baker and Eugene VVebster, whose H- nesse in their team-work is a tribute to their individual artistry. The strongest imaginative appeal of the con- cert came in the Ballet of the Flowers, through the con- trasts of the Red Rose and the Heather. First the lan- guor of the South and the warm play of sunshine upon green and red was conveyed by the flowing measures. Then, in sharp contrast, the nimble bagpipe effect in- troduced a Scottish vigor which played upon the inner eye in a strong silhouette of wind-swept hillside. The artistic quality of the concert should be a matter of great satisfaction to its director. Under her ten years of guid- ance, a fine attitude has developed for conscientious ef- fort and high aims. The college is proud of these young people, who, to quote the words of our President, are giving us Uthe full and free expression of their personali- ties," as they 'Agrow musically." THE PROGRAZXI Menuet from the Opera, "Berenice" - Handel Klinuet from E Flat Symphony ltlozart Orchestra In Modo Religioso ---- Glazaunow Brass Ensemble Address ----- Dr. Wfiedefeld Finale from VI Sonata of the Viennese Sonatas for Two Violins - Sydney Baker. Eugene W'ebster Orchestra R IR N Higthgrse "Ballet of the Flowers" - - Hadley THE ORCHESTRA PERSONNEL THIS MONTH initiates our new plan of writing about the Orchestra members. YVe present the two young men who share the honor and responsibility of the Hrst desk of violins - Svdnev Baker and Eu ene XVebster. XVhen his elders spied l him with a ruler under his chin, supported by his left hand, and anoth- er ruler in his right, they decided that Eugene XVebster was destined to be a violinist, and lessons began forthwith. Four years later. he attracted the attention of a church organ- ist. who suggested that Gene should try for a scholar- ship at the Peabody Preparatory Department. Gene ap- plied for the scholarship, and won it. This fortunate in- cident meant his acquaintance with Kliss Celia Brace, who is at present his teacher and friend. Gene has played in thc Baltimore City College fContinued on Page 305 . . 8 Il 'r'lu'Irr' Baker T O W E R L I G H T iii N A 7' 7 ' .J ... u Q., dl THE FORGOTTEN MEN OF SPORTS DONALD MINNEGAN SPECTATORS applaud the man who scores. Often the men who make the "set-up" which makes scoring possible are obscured by the scorer. Here is a newspaper comment which reHects this point of view: "Sophomore Bosh Pritchard, V. M. I. backfield speed- ster, who entered the game at the start of the second period as a sub for Captain Paul Shu, produced a 'home run' touchdown when he took Pershing Mondorff's kick on his own 26 and ran 74 yards untouched to the goal line." Pritchard, the scorer, was known to all. His glory was chanted in rousing cheers, radios blazed his feat, the printed headline shouted his name. Probably ten excel- lent blocks made the score possible. But not a single blocker was mentioned. This spectator and, frequently, player point of view, is prevalent in most sports. High scoring is the specta- tor's measuring stick in basketball. The soccer player who boots the goal is clapped on the back and every teammate shakes his hand. Yes. to the spectator, and to many players, the scorer is the man of the hour. The blocker is the forgotten man. To what extent do experts agree with this viewpoint? Here another illustration will serve: Red Grange of Illinois was the world's greatest colle- giate ball-carrier. He made every All-America team. After graduation he was hired to play profesional foot- ball - but what a reversal he met. Five yards were hard- er to make in pro ball than a touchdown in college ball. When the coach discussed Red's failure with him, Grange said, USend for Britton. the blocking back." When Britton, the blocker, came, Grange, the runner, could score. This incident represents the expert's point of view. He places emphasis on the man who makes the score possible. Shall we apply this different viewpoint to basketball, our seasonal sport? Here are speciiic points which will help you develop this appreciation. DECEMBER - 1939 Basketball has three vital parts: jlj Get that ball. j2j Keep that ball. Oj Make that shot. The first requisite of a player is his ability to get that ball. The greatest shots in the world could not score it they did not get that ball. That player who crouches in the milling swirl of twisting bodies and springs like a tiger head and shoulders above all others to snatch a rebound from the board has secured the ball. His pow- er and timing and spectacular drive started the tirst and most vital step toward the score. The rebounder. the jumper, the player who intercepts, the good defensive player - all get that ball. In your expert score book. give one point to a man every time he gets the ball. The second characteristic of a good player is his abil- ity to keep the ball. This means that Eve players run, pass, and block to keep the ball away from the other team. The man who breaks to the open, and passes to the open, ranks high. The man who can handle the ball quickly and accurately is good. The player who never loses the ball is a jewel. The player who is tied up, throws it away, and takes bad shots is a liability. Even after getting the ball. unless players can run. pass. and block to scoring positions - they can not score. So. in your expert scorebook, take one point otf the score of the man who loses the ball. Give credit to the man who runs, passes, and blocks to scoring position. And now for the scoring, which is the Enal step in a process, a final step which would be impossible without getting that ball, keeping that ball. Position and percentage are vital in scoring. A scoring man should shoot only when in position. A scoring man should be judged only on the percent- age of his shots. Say that jolm made four baskets in eight tries - not that john made four baskets. If john made four baskets in eight tries he is very good. but if john took Z8 shots to make four baskets. john is indeed a dull boy. In your expert scorebook write scoring per- centages, the only fair method for evaluating a scorer. In shooting, too. we must remember to subtract one every time a player loses the ball. This year. and every year - let us all be experts in appreciation. Give credit to the man who makes the score possible as well as the man who makes the score. Spectators and players, let us all work togcthen let us all make a new and fair scorebook based upon: jlj Get that ball. Q25 Keep that ball. Q31 Make that shot. "SNICKS" I-IENRY N CQACH MINNECANS I939--IO basketball charges will play fifteen tough games this wintcr. Eight of these games will bc played on foreign courts at the beginning of the season. Activity on the hardwood floor returns to Towson late in january, where it will remain till the close of the season. Shenandoah and Mount St. Maryis are the newcomers to Towson's schedule. XV ith the graduation of Danny Austerlitz, best basket- ball player ever to attend State Teachers College, Coach Minncgan will be forced to depend on such veterans as lXIarty Brill, Bob Cox, Luther Cox, and Stan VVax- man to carry the major burden. "Legs" Russell, Aaron "Burr" Seidler, Stan Sussman, Henry "Snicks" Steckler, and Frank Dorn, a newcomer, as well as likely looking freshmen will probably also see action. Since most of the games will be played before the February practice teaching begins, the team will remain intact. I wonder: XV ill Towson develop a freshman ace? XVill Russell continue to check the time? NV ill XVilson Teachers put water into their "swim- ming pool" gymnasium? XV ill Brill ever forget to order fried oysters before out-of-town games? XVill "Snicks" Steckler again injure himself falling off the bench? XV ill Towson give Hopkins a shellacking? XV ill Bob Cox bump his head on the basketball hoop? XV ill Towson be admitted to the Maryland Inter- Collegiate Basketball League? The following is the I939-40 basketball schedule: Date Team Location Friday, Dec. l-Salisbury T. C.. . . , Salisbury Thursday, Dec, -Y. M. C. A.. ,.,.. Towson fpendingj Thursday, Dec. -XVestern Maryland .NVcstminster Tuesday, Dec. Iohns llopkins .... Homewood Saturday. Ian. XYashington College Chcstertown Friday. Ian. -Callaudet . . . XVashington Friday, Ian. -Mt. St. lXIary's. . . . Emmitsburg Saturday, Ian. 20 Blue Ridge . . . New VVindsor XVcdncsday. Ian. -XVilson T. C.. YVashington Saturday, Ian -Callaudet , , Towson Friday, Feb. -XVilson T. C. . Towson Tuesday, Feb 6-johns Ilopkins ,,.. Towson Friday, Feb. Elizabethtown . Towson Thursday. Feb. 22-Blue Ridge . Towson Thursday, Feb. -Shenandoah . . . Towson P. S. - Several fans have asked what Coach Minne- gan says to the players just before they return from half- 22 STECKLER time. I listened closely the other day. He said, "That's all I have to say." And that's all I have to say. SOCCER REVIEW NOLAN CIHIPINIAN OFFICIALLY, unoflicially and otherwise, the 1939 soccer season at the College has been completed. Frank- ly, it seems like ages since we first saw the team prac- ticing in early September. Of course, we remember the opening game with Wfestchester, the Salisbury skirmish, the Hopkins battle, the Maryland melee, and others that preceded. VVliat we always remember is that Tow- son did enjoy a quite successful season. Short of return- ing veterans, hampered by injuries, and playing impor- tant and difficult games in successive weeks, the team compiled an enviable record of five wins, two ties, and two losses. VVe know now whether or not Coach Minnegan's team booted home the State soccer championship. Re- gardless of this final outcome, the color of the '39 team will stand out. The fans saw good soccer when Hart trapped and passed that ball. when Cernik booted one far up the field, when Cox stopped the opposing for- wards in their tracks. Remember Thompson skimming down the sidelines, Calder aiming one at the goal, Shock dribbling past the enemy, and Lauenstein making a per- fect center. Then there's VVilde's groping hands, Tie- meyer's driving legs, Herold's shifty footwork, and Stot- tlemyer's steady, efficient kicks. It all adds up to a col- orful, skillful winning team. Tliat's what Towson had this past season. SOCCER IAMES CERNIK SOCCER IS the most interesting and popular inter- national sport. European teams excel our American teams because of their more centered interest. The main skill in European soccer is the "pass," which is highly developed. This pass isn't long, nor is it "lofted" through the air, it is a short, accurate, and ef- fective pass on the ground. fContinued on Page 311 TOWER LIGHT ASSEMBLY CALENDAR OCTOBER Z3- Today Mrs. Roberta F raneke and Miss Celia Brace of the Baltimore Music Club delighted all present with selections on the piano and violin. Mrs. Francke is a concert pianist and Miss Brace is a violinist of much ability. We left the assembly feeling that it was a great privilege to hear such renditions. OCTOBER 26- ' This year the State Teachers College Orchestra marked its tenth anniversary. Since its inception the Or- chestra has grown from twelve people to the present group of twenty-seven. On October Z6 the Orchestra, under the able direc- tion'of Miss Elma Prickett, gave a portion of the pro- gram to be presented at Baltimore Polytechnic Insti- ftute on Friday, October 27. The selections played were as follows: Menuet from "Berenice" - - - Handel Andante Cantabile. First Symphony - Beethoven Orchestra A In Modo Religioso - - - Clazounov Brass Ensemble Minuet from E Flat Symphony - - Nlozart The Andante Cantabile was written bv Beethoven in the early part of his career It reflects in its moods the troubled and often unhappy thoughts of its composer. In Modo Religzoso was particularly sombre in char- acter and was played very effectively by the brass en- semble In this number the plavers were Norman XVilde, David Shepherd Richard Cunningham Williani Kahn and Louis Henderson The Minuet from Mozart s E Flat Symphony, which is the Orchestra s signature concluded the program. OCTOBER 28 Chi Alpha Sivma Luncheon 1 Mrs F Kaylor of Ilyattsville was the speaker at the fall luncheon meeting of the fraternitv, held at the Blackstone Apartments She told of the mountain bal- lads and folk songs of Eastern America and sang some Jlarntive sentimental melodic examples. thus delight- ing fifty members and guests of Chi Alpha Sigma. OCTOBER 30 Mr. Compton Crook an instructor in our science de- Jartment spoke on his adventures in the Rocky Moun- 'ain National Park of central Colorado. Colored films hat Mr. Crook has made very beautifully supplemented iis talk. Conducting tours for mountain climbers has lgiven Mr. Crook a command of knowledge regarding 'hat region. For example, Mr. Crook told the Assembly that willows in the area approaching the tundra grow I Q . ' . ' l . . ' N f i 1 ' ' ' ' 1 B 7 1 ' 7 -1 . , . l 1 v 4 . . l U, Q . . ' Q . . . 5 J l ' ' Y 7 A 7 ii C ll 'DECEMBER - 1939 only two feet in twenty years. The marmot of this mountain region is a veritable watchdog, XYhen he whistles, all of the animals hide from oncoming ene- mies. Mr. Crook has seen a mountain lion sunning himself and watching passcrs-by on the highway. Ile, with other hikers, has heard the coyote sing at the end of the day. The call to the trail seemed to be upper- most in the spirit of every listener. NOVlSB'IBER 6- Dr. Vlfiedefeld - "Democracy in the School" Before creating a democracy in the college, we must establish a functioning democracy in the home. Chil- dren, when very young, have little respect for the rights of others. but they should gradually acquire that respect at school and at home. Democracy is the medium be- tween the extremes. VVe can never achieve this goal if prospective leaders of our children do not adhere to the rules or standards set up by the college itself. NovEMBER I0 - An Armistice Dav Celebration Program Lovely Appear Qsung by the student bodyj Special Prayer for Peace The Lord's Prayer Orchestra Selection "The Next Peace" - Fredwin Kieval The program was in charge of Miss Ieannc Kravetz. Mr. Kieval spoke on the reasons why nations light, how this present war is a direct outgrowth of the peace treaty drawn up at Versailles in l9lS, and how the next peace must be made, not between the victor and the vanquished, but between the vanquished and the yan- quished. DIOVEIVIBER I3- Ridgely Hill, a senior, gave an illustrated talk on f'Photography at VVork." She explained the use of the x-ray for many problems, from surgery to crime detec- tion. Preserving our records for future generations by the use of films will certainly advance education. NOVEAIBER ZO- Thanksgiving Proclamation - Stanley Sussman Violin Duet-"In Colonial Days" - - Sinnhald Miss Mary Reindollar, lXIr. Eugene W'cbster Accompanied by Miss Elma Priekctt The Origin of Thanksgiving - Cwcndolyn Felts The Spirit of Thanksgiving - - Audrey Mercer A'Thanksgiving" Qpoeml, by Iamcs lctt Si'211llCf'SllSFlNJlIT "Psalm ISO," by Francke --ff Clif! Cl'-Flt Responsive Reading CPsalm 2-ll - Student Both: I'VE BEEN WORKING ON THE RAILROAD B I.-IIieuI':1tI'I'n XVII,soN A CROXVD was gathered in the auditorium at State Teachers College on Tuesday evening, November 7. lust after S o'clock, the mellow notes of about one hun- dred Inale voices rang out in the familiar I'ye Been Vlforkin' on the Railroad. It was the Baltimore and Ohio Clce Club. opening a concert sponsored by the Te-Pa-Chi Club of the Campus Elementary School. Mr. Ivan Servais, the conductor, seemed able to 'fplay" his group as one would play an organ, with feel- ing and perfect control, By the slightest nod of his head, or movement of his arm, he could change a forte to a murmuring pianissimo. The precision of the chorus was striking, especially at the endings when, with a down-swing of his arms. there was a complete silence. The moods of the program were as varied as the selec- tions sung, and the contrasts were surprising. VV hen at the end of two melodious hours, the curtain closed, the audience, still eager to hear more, applauded enthusiastically for encores. The Glee Club was very obliging, and rendered a B. and O. version of the pop- ular Heigh-Ho, from HSnow White." THE FRESHMAN SOCIAL OLIVIA WILSON ON VVEDNESDAY, November 15, at three-thirty o'clock, the auditorium was a scene of merry-making for the freshmen. Everyone seemed to be enthusiastic about the program because no section knew of the other's part. At the instant the curtain opened everything be- came clear. WVilliam Iett, Inaster of ceremonies, amused everyone by his gay apparel with bell dangling in one hand and his speech in the other, All of the sections were represented except number one. The program was as follows: Section 2-Dot De Carlo and Betty Ahny sang, South of the Border. Section 7-A mixed kick chorus, representing some of the animal life seen by Mr. Crook in the Rockies. Section 5-A piano solo, In a Monastery Carden, by Dot Traut. lean VVebb sang A Russian Lullaby. Section 3-A Spanish dance, by Esta Bablan, Urner Talbot, that famous tenor, sang The Vlforld is Vlfaiting for the Sunrise. 24 Section 6-That great melodrama, in 1, Z, 3, 4 time. Section 5-Betty Letzer gave The Indian Love Call. Mary Ethel Stanley, the jitterburg, did a comedy dance to An Apple for the Teach- er. lShe hopes the audience liked her apples.j Phyllis Cohen sang Naughty Marietta. Section 4-Presented Tliisbc and Pyramus. The pianist was Helen Taylor, Section 5. As a grand finale there was punch fto drinkj while dancing. FRESHMEN MOTHERS' WEEK-END ESTA BABLAN THE STANDARD calendar of our land circles the first Sunday in May as Mothers' Day, in tribute to all mothers everywhere. Here at Maryland State Teachers College a desirable custom is presented in even a more fitting manner, that is, by the observance of Freshmen Mothers' VVeek-end. These few days are designated by the president as a visiting time for the parents, as a time for them to become familiar with our College and its ways. November tenth was the beginning of this year's occasion, and was greeted by the arrival of women from all parts of the countryside, the mothers of our dormitory students. Friday night saw a dining room full of friendly parents, but the big day of the week-end was Saturday. At two o'cloek the foyer of Newell Hall was comfortably crowded with faculty, freshmen, and parents. This was the moment looked forward to by all, for it furnished an opportunity for the teachers and the mothers to get acquainted. At times apprehensive, at- times proud of past achievements, the freshmen intro- duced their parents to their teachers. Entrance records' were available and a spirit of approval and encourage-I ment prevailed. In the afternoon. tea was served. and for a moment the group posed on the steps of the hall? for a picture. Q- At four o'clock the informal, individual discussions were abandoned for a talk to the Inothers by Dr. NViede-. feld. Many phases of college life as well as ideals and customs were explained. Later. parents. teachers and students came together for a supper by candle-light. The pleasant clay was brought to a close by an entertainment given by the freslnnan class and by the College C-ler Club. All comments from freshmen and their parents comb bine to form a unanimous opinion: namely. that thi week-end was a success and should be repeated yearly: TOWER LIGI-Ii I A i 4 I i l i l l 1 I a il li li i 1. 5. 1 B i 1 l l i ,l .1 r Musa!!! '- -'L-'2 Z ' -xl P .affi- T u I- PERSONAL APPEARANCE hflARIE PARR 1jDlD YOU ever stop to think, 'tjust how do l look to other people?" Most of us have not. and yet per- sonal appearance is most important. Last week. Hoeh- yjjschild, Kohn 81 Company's Elizabeth MaeC-ibbon, ,li the author of Mazniers in Business, ave her opinions , 8 l ,flon the subject, 'Appearance, Your Greatest Asset." ,lMrs. MacCibbon is the Emily Post of the business j. jworld. Certain views were expressed by her on the sub- jjeet of personal appearance for business girls or teachers. jj Bad taste in choice of costume is alwavs a quality to li: l fs .il ll iz if E. jbe avoided. A frilly dress and extreme hat certainly Qaren't suitable for the office or schoolroom. A basic dress lof black or brown. with detachable collar and euifts. jworn with a matching sport hat, is a better choice. fCertain colors. such as red, yellow, and green, do not jblend very well. A plain, harmonious outfit is much jmore suitable. l An over-dressed person has no place in the school- -jlroom. Too much jewelry is always a distraction. Gaudy Tjtrimming and beaded jackets should be left off dresses. j,jDangling bracelets are in the way for teaching. Leave ljf iff' them for after school hours. QDECEMBER - 1939 'l'l1e importance of cleanliness and iieaizic .ire f forgotten. XVrinkled hose. run-down 'sliritiy f- lars and dresses certainly do not add to pci .mill gs.,- pearance. Carelessness is a very had habit. .Xlwa. i Junk fresh and neat! i W Some make-up should certainly be worn. livery girl needs a little powder to keep the shine off her nose. Even lipstick and rouge, within reason. are not objec- tionable. llowcver, eye-shadow and mascara should never be worn by the teacher. lleavy perfumes may be omitted with profit. A very simple hairdress is appropriate for the class- room. No upsweeps! 'l'his is entirely too severe for dav- time and not very flattering. either. Those long. "glam- our-girl" locks are not appropriate. either. for they are apt to make the teacher look rather young and detract from her professional manner. A simple, average-length eoilfure is the most suitable. C-ood posture is an asset to personal appearance. Never slump while sitting or standing. Proper clothing for the classroom is another feature to be considered. A basic silk or wool dress is favored. A suit. or skirt and sweater are permissible. but not pre- ferred. Saddle shoes and anklets, of course. should never be worn while teaching. The most suitable style shoe is the tailored pump or oxford. with Cuban heel. Favored colors are black. brown. blue. any green but Kelly green. and wine. No bright prints. plaids. or cheeks should be in evidence. Naturally, red fingernails are taboo! Natural or pink polish is allowed. How many of us. when we are out teaching. live up to Mrs. MacGibbon's standards in personal appearance for such a profession? . . . l wonder! MEN'S FASHIONS DOROTHY SISK ALL l'VE been hearing about for the past three months concerns college girls' cardigan sweaters. plaid skirts, saddle shoes, long socks. and snoods, But what about the college men? Do they go around clad only in loud socks. tics. and mystery? Lets consult Esquire to find out what the smartest men are wearing. You just simply arcn't "it", unless you have chic new two-eyelet shoes of wild toh. definitely wildl boarskin. Or are the Norwegian model shoes with crepe soles and heels and floppy, overlapping tongues more your type? fRemember. girls. when we wore floppy tongues eral years ago?l And your socks and tics simply slioutf 'Wifi shirts. the color scheme docsn't make -'rr arwllf difference. But if you are just too, too fastidious. buy your shirts, ties. and socks to match. And remember, boys. it takes a genius to wear more than six colors at one time. with anything less than the air of a lunatic. The socks problem is further aggravated by the wearing of above-the-ankle length trousers. They're very smart, especially with finger-tip length, three-button suit-coats. That combination, which tends to elongate the torso. and shorten the legs. is all right on you tall men: but sometimes thoughts of what will happen to the short men worry us. Do you suppose - if this trend keeps up - that they'll disappear altogether? lVhat about your hats? Perhaps the one that suits your personality best is a felt snapbrim. Or is it a pork- pie or Tyrolcan? Oh, just solve the problem by going bare-headed. I almost forgot the classic reversibles. But there is nothing to say about them, anyway. They speak for themselves on every college campus. " S 0 W I-I AT " XV. NORRIS VVEIS VV ELL, VVELL, well! The holiday season is upon us once more and so is USO What!" Now, without more ado and what have you, let's get at it, students, let's get at it! Fan Poem l. VVanda Genuine for love of life And half the men in the college Z. Betty Ann Something they can't resist VV ill take her more places than knowledge 3. Mary Ethel Sweetness and frankness and a smileg Perhaps the world's appeal 4. Shirley Any excitement at all is fun But 'specially a new heart to steal VVhat will it get them? Don't you see at a glance? Their name's in the ToyvER L1eH'rg A date for each dance! O An Extensive List for M. S. T. C.'s Santa 1. A crook to enable the Shepherd to look after his little Cray sheep. Z. Lee McCarriar: A display case for his jewel. 3. A Storm Troopers uniform for a rotund junior. 4. Cordon Shules: An oil can for his shoes. 5. Harry Russell: A new technique for turning brown 26 eyes green. 6. Mickey Sharrow: Another play to show his Iohn Barrymore and Robert Taylor abilities. f. Kitty Hepburn: Nothing. I have all I want. O Faculty "I Wants" for Santa 1. Mr. Moser: Acknowledgment for the Student Council, 2. Mr. Minnegan: Sometimes more inertia for the student and sometimes more initiative. fPlease be more definite, Mr. Minnegan.-Santa Claus.j 3. Miss VVeyforth: A complete explanation of swing. fShall I put her hep to the jive so as to be in the groove?-Santa Clausjl 4. Miss Birdsong: At least three bulletin-board read- ing students. 5. Mrs. Clark: A revised price list for the book shop. 0 Christmas Gag Did you know that this time of the year has a peculiar effect on girls? This is the season when girls forget the past, think nothing of the future and remember only the present. QI-Ia, ha, hall I The Romantic Touch I. It seems that lack has lost his Hart. VVell, maybe Iesse will see he gets his Shearer. Z. jimmy flames, to youj Cernik has a stenographer. Betcha Maxine knows the score. 3. Late flash: Did you know that Sydney Baker had a preview of the freshmen girls even before school opened? Ask him about Hillen Road. 4. VVas I right, or was I right? In my last article be- fore eollege closed last Iune. in the "Betcha" depart- ment of my column, I predicted that Betty Smiley would be the first one of the june grads to hear the wed- ding bells peal. The odds were 50 to I. I win. Last eve- ning I went to the church for a rehearsal. Of course, she's going to marry Bud, I only went to play the organ. I Freshman Gag Did you hear the one about the pawnbroker who wanted to open a delicatessen? He hung out three meat balls. fOuch!j I In Conclusion So as to stand a chance of breaking into print again in january, I guess I should spell FrNrs before I run over my page. Therefore, in our serviceable spirit, the "So VVhat" columnizer wishes all a very enjoyable holiday season. May I see each of you during the holidays so as to gather material for the january issue. So long, and So VVhat! TOWER LIGHT r r Hard To Believe, But It's True " fCwen' the moon comes over the mountains, Every beam is a dream, 'Syd', of you." iff 2:2 :f: Iimmie O'C. 'festeIle" going strong! 131 if wk 'I'hat self-same 'Alove-bug" has hit Iohnny S. wk wk if Quoting Mr. Stottle: How are your t'Hocks" today, Miss C.? I You know, shepherds have them!! Miss C.: Fine! I-low are your "kittens"? QAp-"paula"- ing.j W J In Question: Why hang around the "dorm"? Answer, a Ia Mac: Not for the "heck" of it. I assure you, but because I have the Uwrightn idea! ICI lk 122 Extra .... IThat "Max" Personality! For the past years Iimmy C. has been faithfully de- voted to the "Maxwell," but . . . this year, he has be- come definitely attached to "Maxine" QEditor's Note: He made the TOWER LIGHTID I -R. I. G. QRight in the Croovej. 121 121 if iWhat would happen if - Miss Bersch ever got excited? Mrs. Stapleton were ever in a bad humor? Mr. VValther had his hands tied? Ruth Durner were at a loss for an apt expression? B. Cox ever hurried? Faraino lost Sennhenn for two minutes? Cox ever left the soccer held unharmed? Miss Cray had a moment to spare? That microphone were placed before Coach's lips at the games? Doc VVest lost his accent? Dr. Lynch left S. T. C. promptly at 3:05 P. M.? M. H. objected to having her skirts neatly pressed? Marie P. lost her poise? Miss Cook refused to be collegiate? Miss Blood had a lapse of memory? Miss Bader gave up her search for truth? Charles made a Hgrossl' error? The Amos, Barker, A'Foo," Lord, Pula quintet were impaired? -R. I. G. DECEMBER - 1939 , I i , I I , I I ' , I . 4 J . I YVhat would we do if - Betty Steuart forgot to smile? Iohnny S. refused to play soccer? Margie Owens lost control of hcr hockey-stick? Audrey M. were not available as fullback? Hart refused to vocalize? Dr. Crabtree lost track of the fashion page? Mr. Moser lost his sense of humor? Miss TribulI's fingers were not nimble? E. VV. were not congenial? Iett, Ir., laid down his pen? D. N. did not believe in composing music? Stanley S. lost his sense of rhythm? -R. I. C. fRight in the Croovel. Towson State Teachers College The Room Under the North Chimney of Newell Hall December IO. 1939 Dear Santa: If we aren't 'fsnowed in" before December 25, I cer- tainly wish you'd come around. I'm not procrastinating about this letter, so maybe you could come before the snow falls. I've been so good! I've gone to all the compulsory as- sembliesg I haven't been notified that I am failing my mathg I paid both of the Library fines. even that tre- mendous faculty reserve fineg my term paper was in on time, and I wrote home to my parents once last month. If you can find any unique stationery that is self-ad dressing and directed home at intervals. please send me some. In addition, I should like to have some library books that return themselves on the date due. Do you think that you could find some comfortable seats for our auditorium? It would be rather pleasant to listen to our speakers if the seats were cushioned. I should like to have a radio and an easy chair in my room. Really. if I had the two latter conveniences. I would read suggested and supplementary history references instead of falling asleep on my bed. And dear Santa. if you can't bring me anything else, please bring me a charm that will make me immune to childhood diseases during student teaching. After December 22, I shall be at homcg you remember where you used to bring me dolls when I didn't suck my thumb. It's asking for a miracle I know, but anything you can do will be appreciated. Cratefully yours. A Iuxion. ANNE ARUNDEL ALUMNI UNIT MEETING ONLY T XYICE a year does the Anne Arundel Coun- ty Alumni unit of thc Maryland State Teachers College at Towson get together. but always the meetings are en- thusiastically attended. Through the generosity of sev- eral of our group we are spared the cold reception of a school room or auditorium. and enjoy the Ereside of some lovely house. This fall we were invited to meet in the friendly home of Mrs. Ruth Parker Eason in Glen Burnie. About fifty gathered to hear Dr, Reuben Steinmeyer of the University of Maryland speak on the present European situation, as well as to hear news from our college Pres- ident. Dr. XYiedefeld. who gave us some very pertinent facts about our alma mater, which graduates, in their ab- sence from the college. are prone to forget. Miss Scarborough always delights us with interesting sidelights about her work in promoting the alumni groups. After the meeting we enjoyed delicious refreshments and friendly chats with each other. HAMMOND C.iYrwELL, President. INSPIRATIONMDR. WIEDEFELD RI. A. REED ACCORDING TO an address delivered by Dr. XViede- feld in a recent assembly. "There is a certain artistry in shaking hands." One realizes this observation to be all too true when thinking of such unique handshakes as: :ll The pump shake. which involves vigorous up- and-down movement, originating in the elbow. 123 The sleep-'n-eat shake. which is readily recog- nizable because of the absence of any voluntary motion whatsoever. Since Mr. Defenders ami and hand are often completely relaxed at his side. it is necessary for Mr. Attacker to lift them to a level adequate for shak- ing hands. 4313 The trombone shake. in which Mr. Attacker slides his hand up to Mr. Defenders elbow. thereby preventing any response from Mr. Defender. Hb Dead-fish shake. l Sl The Ioe Louis shake. characterized by the frac- ture of at least two metacarpi. 163 The pay-check shake. in which Mr. Defender's hand slips through Mr. Attacker's fingers. lf! The Zazu Pitts shake, easily identified by a Happing hand. dangling from the wrist. These various types of greetings sometimes are given interest and originality if simultaneously accompanied bv: Z8 gli Smiles ranging from a spasinodic twitching of the lips to the exposure of innumerable incisors, and many molars. Q21 Vocal expressions of happiness, whose scale rises from a titter to a guffaw. 13p Looks, which vary from coquettish glances to goggling stares. XVere it not for the peculiar tactics employed by each personality. the correct form for shaking hands would not be appreciated. APOLOGIES, MR. POE lXI.iRG.iRET CARTER Once upon a Thursday dreary While I pondered weak and weary Over many stupid titles I had often seen beforeg XVhile I searched for books of hist'ry, Seeking to explain the mystlry Of the lives of feudal folk of yoreg XVhile I paged through Brown and Breasted, Thumbs worn out and patience tested, Suddenly I fell to thinking Thoughts I'd never thought before: History is vain and useless Planned especially to bore - 'XVhich it does and nothing more. Ah, distinctly I recall me How this great thought did befall me. And I sat and dreamed about it - Dreams I'd never dreamed before. I should write a book about it. I should dare a man to doubt itg I'd abolish tales of yore. Plans leaped high, a spark was kindled - But I gazed on Krey - and dwindled. Dwindled all that event before. I must face a recitation. I must make a revelation Of the feudal folk of yore. So I fell to reading hist'ry, Reasons for my act a myst'ry. So I've dreamed. and nothing more. COMPLIMENTS OF A FRIEND TOWER LIGHT I i AUTUMN PARADISE fContinued from Page ISD base of the Blue Ridge, the trees on the nearby mountains appeared subdued in color. The autumn brown seemed too prominent. This supremacy was not theirs to enjoy for long, however. Each mountain side soon became a mass of color. The red of the suinacs and the yellow of the maples made the new coats of the evcrgreens more outstanding. Each ray of the sun had but one apparent purpose - to make each tree, each hill more appealing. VV e would approach a curve with bated breath only to have that breath com- pletely taken away by the immediate view. Valleys beau- tifully diversified with autumnal signs - buff-colored fields dotted with haystacks which appeared only as reg- ularly spaced black dots, emerald green fields, tiny white and red houses, a light blue stream, the Shenan- doah River, surrounding one clump of color as if to preserve it, dividing another - all provided a continu- . ous picture. Nothing was blnrredg every detail was strik- ingly distinct and, although so tiny, stood out boldly as if to challenge one to forget it. Opposing all this stood hills thick with trees blazing with color - every leaf blending with another to make one unbroken, burn- ished flame. XV hen we reached the hilltop we remained there until the sun was lost, the glamour gone. The brown leaves on the ground had left their trees old and gaunt and bare. It was as if all day the sun had tried to camou- ,Hage the dying of summer. Now we. looking behind the scenes, had become aware of her purpose. Yet. the sun had not iinished for the day. The trees on the surround- ing mountains still reflected its light - not as brilliantly as before, but just as beautifully in their calm way. One ymountain would throw its shade half-way up another. lThe shadow would be topped by a band of new nuances iof reds, yellows. greens, and browns which in turn were foutlined by the light blue hazy mountain summits. The lsun, now an immense deep red ball, threw mountain lshadows on the valleys, slowly becoming indistinct. Sud- 'denly the sun was gone, leaving the sky bordered with :the delightful pastels only it can produce. 1 4. i t fy Tender-hearted people were shocked by the brutal 'Qefliciency of the Yankee "Blitzkrieg" The Reds were ylucky not to come out third-like the Poles. -The New Yorker yy Young husband: "I wish I could get some bread like 'fmother used to bake for me." XVife: "I wish I could get some clothes like father lbuscd to buy for me." i,lDECEMBER - 1939 4 HARRY C. LANGGOOD 402 YORK Ro.-xo. Nicxr 'io CIII'lS.'xI9Il.XKIf Ayii. Towsox, KID. Skilled Watch, Clock, jewelry, Eye Glass and Fozmtain Pen Repairiozg-Difzmoml Setting Phone, PLAZA 6750 HAMMZ-XNN'S Music Store 206 North Liberty Street, Baltimore, Md. 21111 flour irbofc Iscxizzgfozz PIANOS ' Victor, Brunswick and Decca Rt-cords ' Sheet Music Orchestrations ' Hue-scher Saxopliones ' Hand Instruments RADIOS-R. C. A., Victor and Philco ' Repairing Run Right To IRIEAIDVS For All Your DRUG STORE Needs! 503 YORK ROAD -:- Towson 942 You Wfill Be A Wfelcome Depositor In illibz Bank uf Baltimore Qlinuntp YORK ROAD . . . TOWSON, MD. Deposits Guaranteed to 55,000.00 CIIRISTBIAS SIIIIPPING ? Buy Your Gifts At ll 0 C Il S C H I L D K 0 ll N 8 C 0s Ballsi lllcb rv GUARANTEED WATCH REPAIR , a O Nezlls Charles Street at Lexington Compliments of . . TOWSON THEATER The insane jaatiunal Earth uf Zlliutnsun, Mb. LOUISE BEAUTY SHOPPE 32 YORK ROAD - Phone, TOWSON 1022 CONVENIENT FOR COLLEGE Specializing in Individual Styling and New Wella Hair Treatment People with Discifiminating Tastes Prefer Esslqoy Quality' MEAT PRODUCTS 30 THE ORCHESTRA PERSONNEL LContinned from Page 2Oj Orchestra, and in the All- Maryland High School Orchestra. besides sharing in public and private rccitals and broadcasts. Sydney Baker also early played make-believe violins so persistently and so cltectively that he has been al- lowed to carry on serious study for nearly hfteen years.i During these years, Eye different teachers have been his instructors, the last being Mr. C. Van Hulsteyn, under? whose tutelage Sydney won in a competitive scholar-E ship examination. Like Eugene XVebster, this young man has played innumerable times as a soloist, sharing in public and private recitals and broadcasts. He has had, too, a unique experience with the social service of the' Norwegian Government. ln addition, he has sampledi the drudgery of playing in night clubs as a professional until the early hours of the morning. Bliss Prickett says that the State Teachers College Or- chestra is particularly fortunate to have two students with such wide experience to carry the important jobs of concert-master and assistant concert-master. The stu- dent body will hear duets played by these two musicians in the near future. HALLOWMAS WISH N. TRorr l'd like to have a little broom To sweep the pavements clean. l'd brush the gay confetti up That's left from Halloween l'd tidy up our tiny town From Vlfaverly to Spree, My broom would be as busy As it possibly could be. At every little house I'd stop And knock at every door. l'd wait till Andrews aunt looked out - Shed know what I carrie for. l She'd smile lthc lady wouldl. hly broom T Wfith bristles new and bright, Wfould dance a little jig and leave That walls all clean and white. 'F And when the shining sun went down And we were through at last. Broom and I would say goodbye - Goodbye to Hallowmas. TOWER LIGH',' 'Sports - - - soccsn tCo11tinued from Page ZZJ That which makes the short l ground pass highly ctfcctive and efficient is the position lplay of the team in possession of tl1c ball. The ball is inot just passed into space. but to an A'open" man in a iposition to receive the ball. XV hen the ball is passed, fthe passer does not try to kick it for distance nor for ipower. His chicf concern is to pass it into the open un- iguarded space whcrc an anxious team-mate is waiting. The ball is kicked by the instep or the side of the foot, lthese two ways being the most accurate means of pass- jing the ball, The ability to use effectively the side of tithe foot and the instep involves much practice and ex- jpert timing. Almost every beginner has the tendency to jj kick with the toe and, at first, he executes this tendency j- but not for long. Toe-kicking is only successfully em- i ployed when kicking for distance. This is not the object irin intelligent soccer playing. ii Europeans use a rather harsh method of discouraging ihtoe-kicking. Youngsters are forced to play barefootedg ynatiirally, they begin to use the side of the foot or the Sjjinstep in preference to the toe. lf the young soccerite jbegins his career by using the side of his foot or his in- ljstep, he develops a skillful use of that particular part. 11 Accuracy in goal-kicking is practiced in a clever way. 15A cord net is placed in front of the goal uprights. The inet has a hole in each corner and several others near the j3enter. This may seem ridiculous to some people who lare not acquainted with soccer, but it is quite a prac- jtical method of developing deadly accuracy. If a player jacquires the skill of kicking the ball through the holes jjiluring practice, he will undoubtedly be superior in a jregular game when there is only a goal-keeper blocking jhis chance of scoring. HHeading'l is another important part of the game. For hccuracy in heading the ball, soccerites gain efliciency jay juggling a soccer ball on their foreheads and con- ljctantly balancing the ball at different angles by means ipf the head. Contact, a very bad feature and a major cause of tl1c i-ilecline in soccer participation in the United States, is jilinost mythical in European soccer. Few players in Eu- jope are ejected from a game because of their having pomniitted a serious or even a minor foul. lf such an oc- l:asion arises, not only do the opposing players voice con- jernpt of thc culprit, but his fellow team-mates as well. l The aim of each team is to outsmart, not to outrough, julie opponent. This is the selling point of the soccer games in Europe. Soccer there holds tl1e same position ln the esteem of sport lovers as does baseball here in America. HljDECEMBER - 1939 l A Deposit of 51.00 Opens tl Checking .'1Cl'01lIIf in the CHECKMASTER P11111 al Ghz Ulintnsun aaattunal Zfiiank TOWSON, MD. Our only charge is tive cents for cach thcck drawn and each deposit. Est. 1886 Telephones, Towson 4 and 5 1VIason's Service Station Betlaoline - Riclajfeld Gasoline Official AAA Station 2-I-Hour Service TOWSON, MD. - Phone, Towson 554 Civic Clubs, Churches, Fraternal Organizations. and All Social C-athcrings XVill Proht by thc Sifisemr. GROUP Piiicias I BE C H E H m on Baltimorc's Finest Ice ".-llzrulj f.i' Goan' Taxi:-" Cream' Also Special Molds and Ice Cream Cakes for Birthdays, Holiday Parties and Home Gatherings Order from Your Nearest DELVALE Dealer or Telephone UNiversity ll5l DELVALE DAIRIES, INC. 2030 HARFORD ROAD - - UNiversity 1151 CHRISTMAS SHOPPING Is Made Easier at HZlfZl6V,S--flllff Y011'll Film' It Lots of F1111 HUTZLER BFQTHEIQ Q BANKING SERVICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL Personal Loans -FQ. Investment Certificates issued in multiples Of of S50.00. Interest payable January lst S100 to S1000 At Fair Rates. and July lst. IVE INVITE YOUR INQUIRY Citizens' Industrial Bankers, Inc. 104 ST. PAUL STREET - - - BALTIMORE, MARYLAND "DON'T GET ME WRONG, I LOVE YOU, PERCIVALH, or "SO FAR MY PRINCE HASN'T COME" A I.-xReA.RE'1' CARTER Each man that I've met Is too short or too tall. Hes either too fat Or incredibly small. The men that I know Are in need of a shave. Or are lacking a job. Or their hair doesn't wave. Each chap that I see Is a talkative ladg His shoes aren't shined, Or his grammar is bad. Or he uses bad words, Or he drinks too much beer. Sister. you take the lads. And I 'll take a career. The story is told of a well-known man who, not lind- ing his wife, went into the kitchen. where the laundress was busy with the family linen. and inquired: "Bridget, do you know anything of my wifes where- abouts?" "Yes, sarf' replied Bridget, "I put them in thc washf, A school teacher sought to reproye a boy who had failed to solye an example. "You ought to be ashamed of yourself." said the teacher, "XVhcn George XYashington was your age he was a suryeyor. "XYell." came the quick response. "when he was your age he was the President of the United States." 32 CALVERT C670 - C671 WM. BECK 8: SON MZOZQSCZIG 3-FllifS ZIIIIZ AIQgE!C16!eS 416 W. LEXINGTON ST., BALTIMORE XVife: 'Alf the worst comes to the worst. I could keep the wolf from the door by singing." Husband: UI don't doubt that, but suppose the wolf should happen to be deaf?" '359giE'z35?Slgr5QfS'254i3.J35gWr5fzl3g15sJK5"sQ Quit iiaeahquartets FOR I-IER FOR HIM Toiletries by SHAVE SETS IVI Csfff Pfflin Evening in Paris Vtfoodbury Barbara Paige Palmolive N- 5 Also A Big Selection o jewelry and Novelty Siiggcstioiis I s P E c I A L Christmas Cardsflflc box ofll card assortment gf? Cosmetics, Cigars, Cigarettes lj? Don't forget -it's always cheaper at MODEL girl-is Moon. cur RATE 412 YORK ROAD : : TOWSON I Y f X f is . H fs fr fi Save on riIIPr1rcnt,WIedieiiiQs, fl? fi 'X 15 JI if 5 T T uE'Eu455H45m3r3a'35E'?r?3 rw T O W E R LI G H'I ArtiStS', Sign Writers' and Engineering SupplieS Studio, School and Dratting Room Furniture Drawing Material 0. . W 68 SCH O OL QW SUPPLIES 214 W. FRANKLIN ST. vxg? BALTIMORE, MD. l PLEASE PATRONIZES xoUE EEVEETISEES SCHOOLS - COLLEGES - INSTITUTIONS For Better Meats Call PLaz:a 5607f8f9 FOX'S BEEFfLAMBfPORK fVEAL PLANT : FAYETTE ST. at PINE 1 I I 3 4' 'rx ff' N in W5f22W WW AMW i tj wih- KVW Q...-A Il 'R EQ 5 CHRISTMAS CHESTERFIELDS IN ATTHACTIVE GIFT CARTONS . ' at 'HG I' ' Q I QE K , My 4 Q 1 I I I ' - - I ' . I ' I . Y P I I , I Q 1 I . I I . .: 55 L v ! I ' I PQ, I 5 S' C . my I Z - . I ' ' A I Q I ii 5 2 . I I ' N I N f '- 'ffm r , f 4. Ii 'Q .A 1--tiff' f .5 1 f . , ' Sf' 'lfxa , ' IN ' .T fu . A E ' Ib V -ctw J ,Q ,j V V . I F4 all , , J ,Es N D 1, .QL -.V g ,if ll , 'wifi t'lIYIIim "" ' 'A K If : ,f GA B - I if . f f -H15-3297 4 ff 51 ' sax-I f 1 If. ' 'v fx ' ' N I 'fi' I ' Q , . Q00 . .12 IVII I QM X ' Q- XX ' new . . I I I . ' , 0 ,, I , . . pm ,wr l'l-I-' ,vm WI :I NIH!-N I .4-.1 . l OWZI' ' Zqkf T 1 , KUZLMLVQ 1940 'T I I I GUUIJ FRIENDS AGREE "Tl-IERE'S EXTRA PLEASURE . . Ann EXTRA SMOKING IN CAMELSEH ORTH. East, South, West. you'll hear the same story: One true yardstick of cigarette pleasure is slou' burning! Kenneth E. lNickD Knight Ibelozu, left! confirms the experience of millions of smokers when he says: "One of the first things I noticed about Camels was their slow burning. I figure that's why Camels smoke so much cooler, milder and taste so much, better. Camels last longer, too." Howard Q"-ff ' 'QA .THQ T 'E 34 14-fu is A 0' Q5 3 Q KA. McCrorey agrees on Came1's slow burning, and adds: "To me that means extra pleasure and extra smoking per pack." Yes, the costlier lobacros in Camels are slower-burning! And of course the extra smoking in Camels free right! is -just that much more smoking pleasure at its best- Camellv costlier tobaccos! Enjoy extra pleasure and extra value in America's No. I cigarette...Camels! A - ' -in M -. I - - 3 - ' lr -- ., MQ- ? lv 1 -Q. ., i . , 4 SL I , Whatex'er price you pay per pack, it's important to remem- ber this fact: By burning 25'2 :lower than the average of the I5 other of the largest-selling brands tested-slower than any of them-CAMELS give a smok- ing plux equal to EXTRA SMOKES PER PACK! Q gl Me, : it w - . . I ,LEW 5 37' "WL ' N4-N x 5 4 , -'3 1' -Q ei 5 mRxLgaLt,Ei:g-lnrrrig ' ' cieagu--,U 1 ,,,AW Y V Cigarettes were compared re' cently...sixteen of the largest- sellingbrandsmunderthe search- ing tests of impartial laboratory scientists. Findings were an- nounced as follows: 1 CAMELS were found to contain MORE TOBACCO BY XVEIGHT than the average for the 15 other of the largest- selling brands. 2 CAMELSBURNEDSLOIV- ER THAN ANY OTHER BRAND TESTED-257 SLOW- ER THAN THE AVERAGE TIME OF THE 15 OTHER OF THE LARGEST-SELLING BRANDS! By burning 25'7 slower. on the average, Camels give smokers the equivalent ofi EXTRA SMOKES PER PACK! 3 In the same tests, CAMELS HELD THEIR ASH FAR LONGER than the average time for all the other brands. MORE PLEASURE PER PUFF. . . MORE PUFES PER PACK! PENNY FOR PENNY YOUR BEST CIGARETTE BUY '.il.tiwlvl, 154119, R .l. Rt-wnvilwls Ttmnfnl I'-vnitfn I 'N 35 FN y t wg HWIEN p-.,,,.4Vh'.- I THE STAFF EDITORS EVELYN A. FIEDLER KATI-IERINIC FIQASER IRICIIARD CZUNNINCIIAIXI CI-IARLES GROSS WE EIT CIRCULATION MANAGERS Esther Royston Margaret Heck Virginia Roop Norma Ganibrill ADVERTISING MANAGERS Elizabeth XVeeniS Tillie Cold Icanette Iones Margaret Lowry BUSINESS MANAGERS Yvonne Belt Iohn Eclxvard Koontz DEPARTMENT EDITORS Art Dorothy Snoops Alice Trott Miriam Kolodner Audrey Pranischufer Marguerite YVilSon Humor Katherine Iacob Frances Shores Elizabeth Melcnclez Science Lee McCarriar Iohn Chilcoat James O'Connor Atbleticx Henry Steckler Catherine Paula Nolan Chipnian Library Elizabeth Zentz Auclrcy Horner Doris Klank Service Station leanne Kraretz General Literature Nannctte Trott lmia Sennhenn Patricia llernclon Mnxie Syclncy Baker Exchanges Mildred Hanient Fashions Maric Parr Dorothy Sisk College Events llclcn Picek Iloward Stottlemyer Marv Brashears V01- X111 ff JANUARY - 1 940 A No. 4 C 0 N T E N T S PACE T IIE NIUSEUINI . 2 lX'IOUN'1' PALOIXIAR . . 2 NATURE KEEPS HER RECORDS . 4 SCIENCE AS YV E LIVE IT . 5 QUESTIONNAIRE ....... 5 A PREFACE TO OBSERXIING TIIE LIEAVENLY BODIES . 6 TI'Ili CTIRCUAIPOLARS ...,.. 7 XVIIAT IS TIIXIE? 8 STARS . . 9 BLESSED ASSURANCE . lO SELLINC ONE,S VVARES 12 POETRY . . . l3 EDITORIALS . . , 1 S LUMERICUS TERIIESTRIS . 17 ALL TIYIIS AND PLASTER, TOO . 17 TIIE LIBRARY . . . lS MUSIC ...... 20 A VISIT FROIXI TIIE GLACIER PRIEST 22 SPORTS ..... 23 SCIENCE IN TIIE CABIPUS SCI-IOOL . 2+ ALUIXINI NEWS .... 25 SERVICE STATION FOR STUDENTS 26 XVIIEN XVE XVTERE AIERY YOUNG 2. "SO XVIIAT?" .... If Mary Di Peppi Nancy Metzger Editorial Calvin Parker Catherine C-ray Saniucl Hoftnian Iaincs jctt ALICE MUNN - - Alanaging Editor QUO'I'A'I'1ONS ZS TTUIXIOR . . I9 1ADV1iR'I'ISElXIlZN'I'S 30 PI-IOTOCRAPIIS . l,cc N It-Carri.u' THE TGVVER LIGHT is published nionthly H Octohcr through Iune - by thc Students of the State 'lcachcrs College at Towson, Maryland ..... S150 PER YEAR . IO CTPNTS P1111 Com' M fha LIAELLWZ- - A LABORATORY LYNN D. PooLE W'altcrs Art Gallery EVERY SCIENCE teacher has in his mind the perfect laboratory in which to teach. That laboratory he would use to bring to life. by illustration and experi- ment. the cold facts expounded by the textbook. He would use it to stimulate a lasting interest in those who "just can't understand this stuff." His colleagues who teach academic subjects fall into two classes. There is the group which thank their lucky stars they need no laboratory and let it go at that. Then there is the con- stantly growing minority who realize they do need a laboratory and have one at their service. The reference is to those who recognize the advantages offered by mu- seums and use them. The museum is a working laboratory. a place where one gives one's students visual and tactile proof of facts extracted from textbooks. lt is the laboratory to be used by the history teacher to bring life to the pages of history. The museum is the test tube in which he mixes the various historical elements. fires it with his enthusiasm to establish a direct contact with the polit- ical. social. economic, religious. and artistic background of every historical epoch. The English teacher has a great beaker into which he can pour the illustrations of novels. essays. and plays. Languages are there in abun- dance to illustrate his verbal story of the evolution of writing. Practical application is of vital importance in a labor- atory. The attempt to translate, from monuments. the Latin inscriptions is a practical application of the hard- learned bonus-a-ums. Many laboratories have grown fa- mous through research. many teachers of costume and drama have enhanced their teaching abilities by mu- seum research. These have made students feel that the school stage productions are their own by having them do the research for decor. props. make-up and costume. Before the illustrations of the museum as a laboratory grow tedious let me mention its worth to the art teacher. lt is here that he introduces his students to productions that are the results of centuries of serious artistic experi- mentation. There the aspiring young artist contacts the great. and sees the good and bad use of the elements which go to make up the science of things artistic. The science teacher knows that laboratory work ac- celerates the classroom work. because exciting discovery 2 and proof are the foundations of learning. Likewise, teachers in every department say that the use of the mu- seum has a stimulating reaction when the class returns to its school. Through this medium one of the teachers' problems is solved-that of how to arouse and hold in- terest in a subject. They also have the satisfaction of do- ing more than is expected of them and having broad- ened the horizon of pleasure for their students. XVhat of the adult? Must he return to school to work in the museum-laboratory? No. The best of modern ed- ucators say that formal education is merely the skeleton for life-long learning. The museum scientifically ar- ranges its exhibitions with the spectator in mind. Iti further fosters the science of learning and appreciation for adults through many carefully arranged courses, lec- tures and gallery tours. No longer is the museum a mys- tic shrine for the long-haired aestheticg instead. it is a H living institution for the education and pleasure of all, " administered by a staff trained in museum science andi well grounded in the social sciences that are the bulwark T of all modern institutions. A '1 ACCOUNT OF A VISIT TO KD . onmf l alomar Q PAUL S. XVATSON j Curator of Astronomy. hlaryland Academy of Sciences' TH I S PAST summer it was my good fortune to visiti U a number of the great XVestern astronomical observa-- tories. including the Mount Wilson Observatory and Mount Palomar. where the giant 200-inch telescope will go when completed. My travelling companion was Mrf Arthur Moore. mineralogist at the Maryland Academy of Sciences. So. besides visiting the observatories, we stopped at a number of mineral localities and obtainedf some fine mineral specimens for the Academys collecv tion. V The observatories wc saw were: the Yerkes Observa i tory of the University of Chicago. located at Lake Geny eva. XVisconsin: Lick Observatory. near San lose. Caliy forniag Mount YYilson Obseiyatory. Mount Palomar and the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff. Arizona. T Our visits to Mount XYilson and Mount Paloma I were perhaps the most interesting part of the wholly trip. The Mount Milson Observatory. the astronomica center of the universe. is perched 6.000 feet up on th- ,, TOWER LIGH5. mountain top outside of Pasadena, California. In our hurried trip we did not see nearly as much as we would have liked to, but we did see the great 100-inch Hooker telescope, at present the largest in the worldg looked through the famous 60-inch telescope: saw the two tower telescopes for observing the sun. one of which is .75 feet high and the other lS0 feet high, and saw also the peculiar Snow Telescope which looks like a Noah's ,Ark stranded on the mountain top fthe odd shape of Qthe building is to prevent the heating of the interior jduring the daytimej. L Later we visited the California Institute of Teclmol- fogy in Pasadena, where the giant 200-inch mirror is fbeing ground. This is housed in a large air-conditioned jbuilding, especially built for the purpose. VVe were ad- grmitted to the gallery to watch operations on the floor jbelow. VVe observed through a thick plate glass parti- jtion, something like the visitors' gallery in a radio broad- ieasting station. The purpose of this is to keep out as jmuch dust as possible. An optical shop must be kept Every clean so that dust and dirt will not cause unneces- lsary scratches on the surface of the mirrors. Everything lavas spotlessly clean and all the technicians wore white gtizoats and pants. At the far end of the hall lay the 200- l A- nch disk. truly a mammoth affair. A small polishing tool :ay on top of it going slowly round and round. Nuiner- :Jus other disks smaller than the 200-inch one were be- 'jng ground on other machines. These will be used as .econdary mirrors to the 200-inch. Opposite to the 200- nch and right below us were various testing devices and .imong them the ordinary Foucault knife-edge test. 'Q A telescope mirror must Hrst be made sphericalg that ls, its surface is the depressed section of a sphere. Later ft must be parabolized. This is done by depressing the .jenter by a very small amount. That is the tedious part Tvf the job and requires great skill and patience. The A 500-inch has just about reached the spherical stage. ll About four o'clock that afternoon we left for Mount jhalomar, about eighty miles away. VV e stopped at "Hotel r?'alomar" in a town called Temecula. This town is not ijar from Mount Palomar. Before retiring, we took a jllance at the sky. The beautifully clear sky was simply ljlled with stars and the Milky VVay sparkled with a ijjrilliance never seen here in the murky East. ff NVe left early for Mount Palomar which could now. in the morning light, be seen a good way off in the dis- juice, just a purple blur on the horizon, XV e got direc- ons and were assured it was only about 30 miles to ' ie top. but after we were there the speedometer on the r jir showed we had traveled SS miles. It seems that r nuntry people never do have any idea of distance. : The country around Palomar proved to be very hot. lry, barren and rough. No trees were visible. just sage Eg il-SNUARY - 1940 brush. ln fact, when a site was being hunted for the present Mount XVilson Observatory, Mount Palomar was rejected on the grounds of the rcmotencss and in- accessibility of the region. Moreover. we were told the place was long a hide-out for stage-coach and train rob- bers and bandits. Further, it was reputed to have been a great rattlesnake area. XVhcther or not all these reports were true we had no way of knowing. XVe finally found the road to the top - steep. wide, unpaved and so of course very bumpy. As we ascended the air became cooler and trees, especially pine, made their appearance. As the road twisted up and up, the car began to get balky and the engine showed signs of getting hot. XVe had to stop to allow the engine to cool. VVhile the higher parts of the mountain were cov- ered with pine forests, the vegetation did not seem nearly as luxuriant as on Mount XVilson. Even at the top we found considerable bare areas covered only by grass and shrubs. A long way off we could see the brilliant aluininum-painted dome which will house the 200-inch telescope when completed, but it was a long time be- fore we came up to it. VVe thought the dome of the 100- inch on Mount Wilson large, but this was really colos- sal. As we came up, we saw that the shutter was open and through it we gliinpsed part of the telescope mount- ing. The building is all finished and the mounting nearly so, except for the mirror at the base of the tube and the cage which will hold the various secondary mirrors. lo- cated near the top. The two great drum-like supports for the tube in which staircases wind and the great horse- shoe, as high as a four-story building. were really impres- sive. The open cage-work tube was upright and on one side of it was scaffolding. At the lower end of the tube, where the 200-inch mirror will go when completed. someone, probably a workman. had written, "Here is where the giant lens goes." The word 'flens" was scratched out and above it was written Ueyef' And then the word "eye" was crossed out and above it was written in large handwriting the word A'MlRROR." Among as- tronomers, you know. to call a lens a mirror. or vice versa, is a sin of the first order. Mr. Moore said. "XVell. l'ni glad they finally found out what really is to go there." After spending considerable time in examining the mounting and the dome and taking pictures wc visited the dome of the new Schmidt Camera. under construe- tion. This is a new type of telescopic camera. After talking for a while with some of the gittciidmits. we looked at our watches and found that thc time war getting short. So we got into the car once more .inf were off, rattling and bumping down the Illl?'.'l'i.i road. ature Keeps Her Records Evizux A. FIEDLER SO-ME CALL it sheer madness to occasionallv inter- rupt a leisurelv drive along the highwavs to go tap. tap. tap on the geological formations with a hammer and chisel. Others become annoved at having to take special precautions in walking through a living room in which the hundred pounds of rock specimens collected on a vacation trip are displaved on the floor. Still others will stare at people who stop at Hlling stations or countrv stores to ask. "Can you tell me where to find some mag- netite around here - vou know. black rocks that are natural magnets. The mineral text books sav thev're found in this eountvf' Despite the public headshakings and frowns about these procedures in the hobbv of rock and mineral col- lecting. the collectors aflirm that if vou haven't thought seriouslv about gathering bits. of Mother Nature's frame. vou don't know what vou're missing. Have von ever seen the sparkle of a pure quartz crvsf tal. miraculouslv formed in a perfect hexagon? The greenish velvet surface of malachite in contrast to deep rose quartz? Dull red garnets in a mica schist setting the appearance of flakv silver? A golden crust of iron pvrites? If vou have thought of rocks and minerals as dull. dirtv things. bv all means give vourself the thrill of a visit to a good mineral exhibit. such as the one at the National Museum in XVashington. D. C. Anv rock lover will challenge the scofter to view such a displav without catching his breath in amazement at their beautv. Their appeal to one's artistic taste mav provide an incentive for collecting them. Have von ever discovered remains of shells and sea- lilies imbedded in solid limestone high on a mountain top? Have vou heard vour footsteps ringing on hard. black. porous rock that was once lierv flowing lava? ln an ordinarv pebble from an Ohio Held have von seen lavers distorted bv tremendous pressure ages before that pebble was worn to its present shape and deposited in that Held bv a glacier? lf von have, then vours has been the diseoverv of that in which Nature keeps her rec- ords. The slate of a blackboard to the geologist is more than slate: it is shale in its previous existence. and long before that it is loam. Babvlonian clav tablets and Creek potterv are museum pieces chiellv because of their antiquitv - vet in an afternoons walk vou mav gather a pocketful of rocks that were old before there were nations. "XYhat are rocks to me? I walk on cement and pave- 4 , ments all clav." Yet, in walking along the pavements, have vou seen green store fronts of polished serpentine? Have vou walked up granite steps to enter halls of pink, . black. white. or vellow marble? Perhaps vou live in a house of rock exterior. Have vou noticed the brown 1 stains that generallv indicate the presence of iron. or! observed the tinv glistening particles of mica in those . walls? Have von seen that the flagstones of vour walk are ' composed of lavers. indicating that thev are of sediment- 1 arv origin? Even the citv is more meaningful to one who 1 studies the rocks. Suppose. however. that vou're simplv not aroused by the scientilic or aesthetic approaches to rock and min- eral collecting and studv. Do von like historical things?j Again rocks can enrich vour interest. Is there not some 1 significance in a grav-green granite pebble that nestledi next to Plvmouth Rockg in a piece of the purplish sand- il stone of which XYashington's Vallev Forge headquarters 5 are builtg in a bit of black slate from the Heights of, Abraham. scaled bv the British to take old Quebec? Or are vou a geographv enthusiast? In that case. isn't geographv made more tangible bv samples of Coconino sandstone and Kaibab limestone from the Grand Can-i von. fragments of the rock-bound coast of Maine. stalac-3 l tites from Carlsbad Caverns. limestone from the Nat-5 ural Bridge of Virginia. sulphur from Texas? . lf vou have no Specialized interest. wouldnt vou stop? for a minute to look at - and wish vou had - a pieceg of the oldest part of the National Capitol? a bit of amber from the Baltic Sea region. chalk from the Cliffsi of Dover. or granite from Blount Sinai? T Rock collectors will tell vou of the lasting friendships thev have made through their hobbv - friendships be-Q gun perhaps in 'Arock-swapping" or in mutual admira-, tion of collections. lf the collectors are teachers. they mav tell vou how their collections have enriched their teaching. lf the collectors have taken their hobbv serir ouslv. thev will tell vou that the more thev learn about rocks. the more thev End there is to learn: the more specimens thev have. the more thev want: the more time thev spend on the hobbv. the more fascinating in becomes. f' How do l know? l'm a rock collector. XYon't vou joirr: ni e? X l 1 1:Obtaincd. not bv vandalism. but bv permission. at the tim!!! an air-conditioning svstcm was installed in the Capitol. ll' TOWER LIGH'l5i 'A v Science As e Live It COR, SO YOU DON'T SEE THE USE OF SCIENCE! C:IIARLO'I"I'E SCIIXVARTZBIAN HO - - HUIXIM - - - I guess it's morning because Ilm awake. No, it's still dark . . . those rattling pipes! It's nice to have automatic heat Qelectricity does it, my dearsl, but that delightful water pressure in the pipes causes most uinnusical vibrations upon these sensitive ears. Ooohh, it's far too . , . early . . to .... Ohh!!! The alarm clock! God bless electricity! QOh. yeah?l "They" say we have science to thank for the innurner- able conveniences of modern American life. Guess I should commend the wonders of science instead of dis- paraging them. Glad the day has come when we can serenely swallow our toothpaste tif so inclined! and drink the water di- rectly from the faucet Qvia glass. of course, but minus boilingj without any fear of catching anything. Hastily I whisk my toothbrush over my teeth. Aha! science again - action of a lever .... My clothes - all on the desk chair - all . . . except those pink anklets. 'XVhere ARE. they? Sorry, little sis- ter - asleep or not, the electric light goes ON. Yes, under the desk are those socks. Must have rolled off that top-heavy pile of feminine apparel . . . laws of grav- itv .... Tummy, ye uncoutli bit of personal anatomy, stop growling! I know it's time for my breakfast . . . my nose informs me of that as well as you. The pcrcolator bubbles away while I use the electric orange rcamcr. Ummm . . . up pops the toast in the electric toast- master. The scrambled eggs sizzle teinptingly on the gas range. How glorious is a hot breakfast on a frosty morn. Tempus fugit . . . so must I scurry to college. College . . . a long. long walk, had I to make it by foot. Fortunately, the electric trolleys and buses relieve me of that ---- . Come on. Towson S! The whirl- ing hands of my watch inform me of the Heeting mo- ments. Here comes the Number S. Up York Road . . . up the hill we speed - those eternal laws of gravity de- creasing our speed. And so I streak down the corridor toward Dr. YVest's geology lab. Even here I have my science, actually as well as theoretically - for my trusty fountain-pen is re- liant upon a scientific theory of vacuums. Oh, stuff! Wfhether I appreciate it or not. I may as well resign myself to the fact - that science controls every phase of our daily lives. QUESTICNNAIRE CHARLES GROSS and KATHERINE FRASER DO YOU KNOXV: I. The differences between a thermometer, a hydrom- eter, and a hygrometer? 2. VVhether or not the Indian population in this country is increasing or decreasing? 3. Where and when to look for the planet Mercury at the present time? 4. Any rivers in the world which flow uphill? XVhich ones? 5. VVhich of our months is known as the "month of ineteorsn? 6. How fast an object would have to travel to escape from the earth's pull of gravity? . How quickly the 200-inch telescope was cooled? 8. The ratio of the birthrates of mice and men? 9. Where in the world a wound which requires stitch- ing will heal faster than a wound which does not require stitching? 7 5JANUARY - 1940 IO. If men's or women's bodies produce more heat? ll. In what part of the world frozen ish regain life after they have been eaten? IZ. YVhen tires lose air faster. in the summer or in the winter? I3. VVhieh are the only two countries in the world which produce maple sugar and maple syrup? I-I. How warm-blooded animals have been made to hibernate? IS. XVhat disease of human beings is a common cause of death among wild animals? 16. XVhat color a topaz is? I7. YVhich contains more calories. a cantaloupe or an orange? IS. XVhat is the greatest length of time a child can stand still without fatigue? f,'flF,fl!'f'I',i' on PM-gr' If! 5 A PREFACE TO OBSERVING XYITH SUCH a title one would ordinarily expect a lengthy exposition concerning the wide possibilities, the frequent limitations and the real thrill in astronomi- cal observation. There might also be found some men- tion of the proper attitude necessary for good results. I-lowever, the nature of this article is not quite so gen- eral nor comprehensive, yet no one can doubt that the subject treated is an absolute essential. Certainly he who has telescopic eyesight is indeed an oddity. But of what value is any extensive stargazing without some means of bringing far-distant objects into close range? Of course. one may easily distinguish the various constellations visible from this point, but will he be satished in merely knowing that here and there he is seeing what seems to be one star but is, in fact, really two? ls he to be satisfied with a description of the Milky XV ay as a great mass of stars and other heavenly bodies. having never really distinguished them as such? Any clear night will reveal the stately planets marching across the sky in the ecliptic. but with the naked eye who is to actually know that around Saturn there exists definite rings of gaseous material. distinctly separated from the planet. yet remaining in a circle about it? How can we be sure that there are moons revolving around the planet jupiter in an orderly fashion? YVhere is he who was satisfied this past summer to take some pho- tographers picture as full proof of the appearance of Mars. and who is ever content with some text book de- scription of the Moon? Fortunately, we are an inquisitive lot and have exert- ed ourselves no end in attempting to feed this inquiring attitude. The scientific endeavor of the past generations devised that instrument which we know as the telescope. XV ith this ingenious device man no longer is concerned with such questions as those in the above paragraph. Upon first examining a telescope it appears as some highly expensive, machine made. optical brain child. Most of them are rather precise in their construction and are really a marvel of the mind of man. But they need not be expensive, nor need they be turned out in some machine shop. ln a recent telescope-making class in the city there were a Government agent. a machinist. an engraver. a teacher. a bartender. a dentist, and a jun- ior high school boy. All started out knowing practically nothing about the process involved but were assured that their results would be in some measure satisfactory. None have yet been disappointed. The reflecting type. using a mirror to bend the light to a point, and which has been found to be most effective. was the exclusive type produced. 6 The Heavenly Bodies CHARLES Gnoss Before starting such a project it is understood that the only requirements are a strong will, a great deal of pa- tience, untiring effort and a small amount of ready cash now and then for necessities. llncidentally, a reflecting telescope can be built for less than thirty dollars.j Every good instrument is comprised of an illuminized concave mirror, a perfect triangular prism, a finder. a perfect eye- piece. a tube eneasing these. a mounting to hold this up and possibly a slow-motion gear for convenience. In beginning. two circular disks of pyrex are obtained from some optical company. plus a supply of grinding compound, usually carborundum. One disk is held sta- tionary on top of a stool anchored in the fioor. The re- maining disk is to be the future mirror and is rubbed back and forth 1 with a good supply of carborundum and water betweenj across the top of the stationary one. As one proceeds he moves around the stool, never grinding in any one place too long. This task is continued until the middle has been ground out of the top disk and it begins to assume the shape of one small sector of a great sphere. This has been the purpose. since such a shape will cause parallel rays of light to converge when re- fiected. Possibly the laws of refraction and reflection have heretofore been taken for granted, but if they did not function we would be without telescopes. After the proper curve has been established the next step is to smooth this curved surface by polishing it with jewelers rouge since it is still very rough, when observed under a magnifying glass. ln this stage one no longer works on the other piece of pyrex, but pours a hot pitch covering over this and as it cools forces it to conform to the exact curve of the mirror that has been hollowed out. fl say hollowed out. but actually upon even close observation one can hardly see a curve at all since it is so very slightfi Following hours and hours of polishing, the mirror is put through a number of light tests. These are administered for the purpose of deter- mining the exact point at which to stop polishing. After all distortions have been removed from the extremely smooth surface a very slight hollowing effect is produced in the very center by means of further polishing of this section exclusively. This step is the parabolizing. and is absolutely necessary, since light refiected from a per- fectly spherical surface will not converge at a single point, This is an especially trying period as one is near- ing completion and often requires many trials before perfection is reached. A few millionths of an inch too deep or too shallow calls for another period of polishing. TOWER LIGHT ln some cases hand-made mirrors have been com- pletely ground and polished in a day, whereas others have required ovcr a hundred hours. XV hen the proper curve has been reached and the surface made free of all irregularities the mirror is sent to some reputable optical company to be illuminized. In this process the mirror is cleaned of all foreign matter and placed under a high vacuum, together with a bar of aluminum, which com- pletes a circuit between two wires led into the vacuum chamber. XV ith the current turned on the aluminum i boils away and is deposited in an even, tissue-thin layer on the surface of the mirror. This is the reflecting sur- face by which the scattered light is bent to a point where the human eye is able to receive it. The glass is now ready to be placed in the end of a tube of its own diameter. C A six-inch mirror usually re- quires about a four-foot tube.l At the other end of the tube is placed a triangular prism which bends the light out to one side, thus keeping the observer out of his own -light. The light has been bent to focus directly into an eyepiece mounted just outside the tube, VVhen in use the mirror is at the bottom of the tube catching the :light from some heavenly body and reflecting it back up the tube only to bc caught near the converging point by the small prism and turned at a right angle into the eyepiece, where thc observer looks. This whole tube lr balanced and revolves from a point on its side where it is attached to the mounting. The complete mounting is built in such a way as to permit movement across the skies to follow the apparent path of some star or planet and also to provide a change in latitude. In other words, from one stable position of the base the tube may be aimed at any point from the southern to the northern horizon as well as from any point in the East to any point in the XV est. Such are the essentials of any good reflecting telescope. They are certainly few and far between who. after their first opportunity to gaze through a telescope. would not run to take their place in line to get one more look at the rings around Saturn, to try to distinguish the features of the Moon, or to watch one of the moons of Iupiter come out of eclipse. There is a certain something about the incredible power of this instrument, although entirely reasonable, which can command your undivided attention for hours on end. You who have had your first experience with one know this is true. The Circumpolars LEE MCCARRIAR BACK IN the time of King Henry the Fourth, people ilsed the eircumpolar constellations for the purpose of telling time. "This is shown by the conversation be- fween two wagoners in Shakespeare's play King Henry ITV. One wagon-driver says to the other: " 'Heigh ho! an' it be not four by the day, I'll be kiangedg Charles' VVain is over the new chimney, and Jet our horse is not packed' JANUARY - 1940 'AThe meaning is clear at once when we learn that the term fCharles' WVain' is the English equivalent of the Big Dipper. The wagoner was thinking of a definite hour of the night when the Big Dipper was over the new chimney - four o'clock at the season of the year during which he was speakingfml But even though the art of telling time by the stars is no longer needed. due to our modern profusion of timepieces. still the study of the stars is an interesting one for amateurs and professionals alike. Of course, the Big Dipper is not the only eircnmpolar constellation. As you know, the two end stars of the dipper point toward the North Star. which in turn is the end star of the handle of Little Dipper. A straight line from the end stars of the Big Dipper through the North Star and extending an equal distance touches thc XV-shaped group of stars known as Cassiopeia. lf this last line is extended we locate the line which forms one side of the Creat Square of Pegasus. The other side of the square is formed by extending the line from the Big Dipper's pointers through the pole star. This also passes through the end star of Andromeda, which leads to the curving row of stars known as the constellation. Perseus. Enough of the constellations themselves. Let ns con Iohnson, Caylord: Discovering the Stars. sidcr the picture which accompanies the article. At a mere glance it appears to be nothing more than a mass of white lines arranged in some circular fashion. How- ever, it is a picture of the apparent rotation of the stars and of the true rotation of the earth. For example, if you see the Big Dipper almost overhead at eight o'clock, by two o'clock it will be on your left almost below the northern horizon. Of course, the stars are not really moving, their movement is only apparent. Taking the picture is an interesting experience, if you don't mind having your sleep interrupted some night when you are especially tired. On some bright, clear evening, about eight o'clock, set your camera in a dark place and put it on a tripod. XVhen the pole star is lo- cated in the finder, focus the camera for infinity for l0O feetj, open the iris diaphragm as far as it will go, set the shutter for a time exposure, and open it. After six hours, or at two o'clock, pull yourself out of bed and close the shutter and there you will have a picture sim- ilar to the one reproduced here. A picture taken of the southern skies will reveal a streak of lines across the film. These stars are in the equatorial region and thus appear to move in a straight line. This article has only touched the possibilities that can be reached in this field. I might add that a picture such as this one would be a valuable aid to any teacher who is teaching the circuinpolar constellations and the ap- parent motion of the stars. What Is Time? WHEN A fellow comes up to you and says f'I'm just killing timef' ask him what he means by the word: Time. Unless he is a genius, he cannot very easily answer that one. Perhaps the most practical and intelligent at- tack on that problem was set forth by H. G. VVells in his "Time Machine." Mr. VVells thinks of time as an extended dimension comparable to length, width, and height. His best argument lies in the fact that any ob- ject cannot exist without lasting for a certain period of time. Thus, the great scientist has very neatly defined time as the "fourth dimension." But here the layman must be careful, for time cannot exist by itself, for that matter, neither can length, width, or height. XVC can draw a straight line and call it one dimension, but ac- tually we have the thickness of the pencil-point, and the depth of the graphite-particles as well as length, all contained within the so-called line. And, if we accept Mr. VVells' hypothesis, the line certainly was made in measurements of time, probably seconds, and certainly will endure as long as the paper and itself are not de- stroyed. From all this, anyone can deduce that time is not mere space or mere duration. lt must contain events within that duration. Time nmst be a movement of events, successively progressing, or regressing, according to some unknown reason. just how time seems to flee with the speed of light when we are with our best girl 8 friend, or why the cursed dimension seems to stop and mark "time', during a class period, we may never know. Yet, this idea, of time's being relative to the emotional state of mind, is very important. In fact, we are forced to confuse ourselves even further, by saying that time itself must progress or regress according to some regu- lator outside of itself. Else, how can we explain the speeding-up of minutes which we enjoy, and the slow- ing-down of minutes which we dislike. To make this problem even clearer, we may say that time does travel, things have happened in the past, and things will hap- pen in the future, and only at the present do we "expe- rience" things. These experiences which we have had, are having, and will have, are all measured by time's own dimension. But time itself, to have traveled over these events, must have some speedometer of its own. There- fore, the appalling spectre of a fifth dimension must be added. This newcomer is hailed by the teclmical term: Timeg, while our older friend is known as Timej. ' All of this eventually boils clown to the following scene: You, a fifth dimensional creature, are excited over' your new girl friend. As you move your length, widthf and height into the exquisite duration of a lengthy kiss' in the dimension of Time, your ecstatic, rapidly-fleeing moments are being measured and bounded by Time22 The question of time thus becomes fascinating. j TOWER LIGHT i u 4 M 1. 1 li if in l 1 L 1 ,v u 1 1 stars, Etc. FRANCES SHORES LISTE D UNDER the courses of instruction in our catalogue for 1939-40 is a very inconspicuous item which reads "Science 202-Physical Science As Applied to the Elementary School." It sounds very harmless but that is as far as it goes - no farther. Suffice it to say that Shakespeare did not realize the real truth of his words of wisdom when he said, 'fVVhat's in a name?" Science 202 is all that the catalogue says, but there is more to it. Time was when many of us thought about the stars in the poetical sense - "Twinkle, twinkle, 'little star," if you remember. But, now the stars don't seem quite the same when you see them on a piece of polar coordi- nate paper in the form of little dots which are made with a magnitude stencil. However, there is always the consolation that all star gazing isn't done with polar eo- ordinate paper and that Science 202 makes the stars look like something more than "heavenly hash." Then there was the meteor shower that found our alarm clocks primed for action. About every hour some of the braver souls rallied to the sound of the bell, opened one eye and staggered to the window to see what MRS. MERRICK OUR COLLE C-E is extremely fortunate in securing the services of a nurse who is so experienced and capa- ble as is Mrs. Paula M. Merrick. Born in Mt. VVashington, Maryland, and a graduate of Church Home and Infirmary in Baltimore, Mrs. Merrick began her globe-trotting career in 1918 by join- ing the United States Nurse Corps. From that time hence, here are some of the positions which she has filled and the locations at which she has been stationed: Chief Nurse at the Aberdeen Proving Grounds, Mary- land, same position at the United States Military Acad- emy at VVest Point, a member of the supervisory staff of the Navy Nurse Corps at San Diego, Californiag Hono- lulu, Hawaii, the Philippines, and an industrial nurse at the United States Government Printing Office, VVash- ington, D. C. Mrs. Merrick spent six weeks in China and Iapan, and returned home from her duty in the Philippines by way of the Suez Canal through Europe. VVhen asked as to how she felt about accepting the position at the college, our new nurse replied, UI feel as if l'm going to be very happy here. ln fact, it has always been something l've wanted to do - to be able to work with young people." To have as a member of our staff a person who has had such a wide and worthwhile experience as Mrs. Mer- rick has had is, indeed, an honor to our college. D JANUARY - 19N was going on. The after impressions were too yarier.l to be condensed to a single statement. The obvious result was a supplement to the usual yawns. Probably the high light of the course comes when the various projects are in a period of construction. lt is dur- ing this tiine that the male element over-indulges in ridieuling feminine tool handling. The Hnal output con- sists of things that are suggestive of genius and things that collapse with one hard look. Some of them could be used by children but some of them need an Einstein for interpretation. However, when all is said and done things are not as bad as they sound. lf, in future years, we find that the course has been a scedbed for some great scientist, wc shall change the wording in the catalogue to "Science 202-training course for future scientists-Chances: one in a million." THE SCIENCE OF Living Things K. FEASER TO MANY people science is synonymous with lab- oratories, test tubes, and microscopes. To very few does that word bring to mind an all-day hike in the woods with time out for a picnic lunch and discussion of the findings of the various members of the group. lust such a group of amateur scientists may be found on any Natural History group hike. YVith practice. the group observes more keenly and often makes quite interesting discoveries. I The leaders, Dr. Dowell and an alumnus now con- nected with the Natural History Society, make available much information and help the members develop skill in identifying objects through the use of printed keys. Mr. Crook, one of our new members, has already proved an asset. Learning such terms as ealyx. stamen, and pistil is inhnitely more interesting when the terms are applied many times in the discussion and examina- tion of a plant than when one reads the definitions from books and studies diagrams. The relationships between various members of the plant kingdom are often surpris- ing discoveries to manyg for example. consider the many wild flowers which belong to the same family as the common pea. By recognizing some characteristic of this family, one often obtains a clue to the name of an cn- tirely new plant, and that, to the uninitiatcd. provides a rare thrill. There are some in our college who prefer a laboi'atory in the Patapsco Forest Reserve or in the Catoctin Mountains at Thurmont to one in a room in some build- ing. Laeking the formality of test tubes and microscopes. natural history is. nevertheless, a fascinating phase of science. 9 Blessed Assurance BIARY BRASHEARS TH E G I RL' S troubled slumber eventually gave way to a dull consciousness. XVhy had she wakened? Through the silence of the night she could hear the beat- ing rain that had lulled her to sleep just a few hours before. Then. as if to answer her question. a streak of lightning rent the sky and the thunder answered with a mighty shudder. Again and again the lightning Hashed. and again and again the thunder burst in deafening roars over the rain-drenched earth, This, then. was what had awakened her. This wildness had grown. like the imp released from the bottle, out of the soothing. benev- olent rain of the evening before. Footsteps sounded on the rough. wooden Hoor be- low, Evidently her father was making the cottage more secure. She heard the screen door open as he went out to tighten the awnings. "Lucky I brought in the beach chairs and the hammock yesterday." she thought. A minute passed. and the door shut again. A'All will be well now." and with a sigh she turned to resume her disrupted sleep. But with renewed efforts the thunder demanded en- trance to her thoughts: the rain beat on the roof until it seemed to her to be actually pounding its way into the paths of her brain. XVould it never stop? She sat up in bed and looked out the little window which was framed by rough-hewn sills. All was smothering black- ness until the lightning made a jagged stroke across the sky. For a moment. she sat looking at the awful glory of the storm. Those weak mortals who call themselves sea- men - how helpless they would be in all this fury. The lightning flashed again, and this time it revealed the little boat which was moored at the wharf. It was tugging at its leash as if to say. "The storm is calling me. I must go! I must! I must!" XVith every splash and swish it repeated. "I must go! I must!" The girl shook off her imaginings and turned over so that the storm was at hcr back .... She awoke to find the rain still a drenching down- pour. The first gray streaks of dawn told her that some- where above the rain. thc sun was shining. But all she could see was a gray sky. an angry sea. and slanting lines of rain. A voice called her from below. Suddenly. she realized that everyone was astir but her. XVhy? And then in haste. she drew on the heavy beach pajamas which had seemed so hot only a short time before. but which made her shiver now as they mockingly refused to cover 10 her shoulders. She shoved her feet into the straw san- dals and hurried down the rough, steep steps to the cozier room below. Here the aroma of hot coffee greeted her, but her father and brother were wet to the skin. "VVhat's all the trouble?" she asked. "Has the mighty Neptune got the better of us?" She gave a short. half-hearted laugh, which died away when she saw no spark of mirth in the grave faces before her. "Captains boat has broken its moorings and crashed against the wharf over on the other side of the cove," her father said. "Come on and help Tom and me bring some of that stuff outside up to higher ground." The girl thrust her arms into a heavy. moth-eaten coat. and went through the door ahead of them. Outside. the rain bombarded them. By the time the girl had carried up a basket of crab-lines and a tin buck- et. she was drenched. The others had been wet before and did not seem to mind this extra dose. She rushed onto the porch and snatched her bathing suit from the line. In the little bedroom off the kitchen- living room. she hastily changed. and dashed outside again. "At least." she thought, "this bathing suit was intended to be wet." The rain continued to make a gray curtain outside the window. The girl's father paced the floor, trying to think what else could or should be done. Once he re- marked. 'The tide has come up over our breakwater. That's the highest it's ever been." Once he suggested to Tom that the car had to be moved up to "that little knoll." Once he called to her mother to look at the waves on the other side of the point on which their cottage stood. "I hope the bank holds them." The girl went over to look. The upreaching spray spread like smoke as it was shattered by the wind. The girl shud- dered and went back to her chair. She picked up her book. but soon laid it aside. YVlio could read. with that wild drama of nature outside? She picked up her knit- ting. its bright blue reminiscent of skies when they are clear, The click of the needles. though. were trivial and exasperating in the presence of such awful magnificence. This work she put aside. also. and restlessly walked to the window. The four of them watched the wind and the rain and the waves as if fascinated. And then. a giant wave crashed over the frail wall! Another and another came! The point was being eaten away gradually by the churlish waves. Directly below the window the gray water swirled TOWER LIGHT X i r in angry little whirlpools. The railing, like a splinter, was all that could be seen of the sturdy little wharf. Here and there wooden boxes and pieces of cork floated, following the dictates of the current. A'Come on, let's get out of here," her father took com- mand. "Mom, pack up some of the grub and bring along some water. Tom, you and I will roll up some blankets." The girl went to the cupboard and got some coffee and an opened package of cereal. She put a few potatoes in a cloth bag and piled some tomatoes on top. Her mother packed some sugar, salt, a little flour, lard. but- ter, and an unopened can of milk. These they put in the tin bread-box along with a loaf of bread. The men came with the bedding. Tom picked up the little white terrier and, without a word, they walked to the porch. Hesitating but a moment, they stepped into water waist-deep and waded to the ear, spurred on by the pellets of rain which. driven by the wind, struck painfully into their faces. Uneeremoniously they dump- ed in the provisions and blankets and piled in after them. Her father stepped on the starter. Nothing but a dy- ing groan resulted. He tried again. This time the groan was weaker. "Let's not waste time, we'll have to walk." They stepped down into the middle of what was now a churning lake. The swirling, muddy water swept over the porch, carrying every loose object with it. That meant that the water was inside the cottage! Holding the provisions high. and with the dog tucked under Tom's arm, they ploughed through the water to- ward the mainland, and higher ground. The farther they walked toward the high ground the farther it receded. The girl stumbled on a rut in the road and almost fell. Her mother walked gingerly. not sure of her footing. Together they followed the men up the water-covered road bed. They paused in front of the only two-story house on the point and waded up to the porch. It had only a little film of water over it, but as they ascended the steps, they could see where the wind-blown rain had wet the furniture and walls thoroughly. The girl's father struggled with the lock and then. as he lurched against the door. it opened, creaking on rusty hinges. "How wonderful to be inside." the girl thought. "It's damp and cold. but anything is better than the blasting fury outside." The family found its way to the kitchen and there ate a hastily prepared meal of cereal with condensed milk, fried potatoes, and sliced tomatoes. A cup of hot coffee gave them all new life and lighter spirits. But, like a creeping. sneaking. slith- ery snake. the water crept under the door. The girl eyed JANUARY ' 1940 it with fascinated horror, and then shrieked. 'ALookl" I-Ier father looked at the water. 'ADon't worry, dear. This house has a second story. The water won't come that high!" On the upper floor they seemed nearer the rain than before. There it was, elattering. swishing, dashing against the roof. The waves rolled and splashed like the undertones of a mighty organ, the rain playing at times a deeeivingly light melody. The thunder rumbled like the symphony of a distant battlefield and the lightning flashed with a painful brilliance. But now, a new note, shrill and piercing, sang a threatening obligato. It was the rising wind which drove the falling drops straight against the window-panes like shot, and there, flow- ing down, curtained almost the last of the meager light, so that the room took on an eerie dimness, like twilight. Tom went down the steps and reported that the wa- ter had risen to the third step. The girl fondled the dog as it leaned against her and then went over to the win- dow and looked out. She thought, "Is this really going to be our end? . . . There are so many things I should have done . . . so many I shouldn't have done. It will seem queer, just waiting for the water to rise. It will take so long . . . so long . . . and there's nothing I can do but wait. Mother and Dad and Tom don't seem to mind so much. But you can't tell what they are think- ing .... Oh. dear God! Give us another chance at lifell' No one could tell what she was thinking. They thought she was just watching the gray sea and sky. They didn't know that every fiber of her being was crying out for life! - rollicking, golden, joyous life - yes, even life with tears and sorrow, but life! They didn't know her heart was beating. beating. as if by its surge it could overcome this creeping. inevitable. un- eonquerable death. They didn't know that she feared death because she was young and had hardly begun to live. Feared death? t'Yes. I do! I do! I can't help it! Oh. God - give me courage and strength!" And then. from somewhere. maybe from the rain. maybe from the sea, from somewhere, a peace settled down on her spirit. From a childhood poem came words that calmed and soothed her. and banished all her doubts. No one knew when she turned away from the win- dow. that she had been reborn. No one knew when she sat down in her chair that she was no longer afraid. No one knew that hers was a new. a different. a sweeter, more mature spirit. No one knew that now she had a faith stronger than all the force of thunder. light- ning, wind, rain, waves. and sea. No one knew but her and Cod and, perhaps. the little girl who first said the lines: "lsn't God upon the ocean. just the same as on the land?" ll Selling One' s Wares IEROME KOLKER HAV E YOU ever worked in a store? Have you ever sold anything? VV hat did you sell? To whom did you sell it? Selling is almost as old as history itself, and is as interesting today as it was thousands of years ago. XVhen you read the above questions you probably thought. "There are thousands of things that can be sold. Surely, even if I did not sell merchandise, I have at least sold plans and ideas to others." This is abso- lutely true, for selling might refer to the transfer of almost anything. As a part of the curriculum of this College. the ripper classmen spend eighteen weeks doing practice teaching. NVhile in the throes of this so-called ordeal, the writer was forcefully struck by the comparison of teaching with commercial salesmanship. Let us see how they compare. Every successful salesman knows his stock. He knows what he has to sell and what he wants to sell. The better he knows his stock and the facts about his stock, the more he can sell to each individual customer. Cbviously, the stock might quite easily be compared to subject mat- ter in teaching. The more the teacher knows, the more he can impart to his pupils. YVhile stock and subject matter in salesmanship and teaching are not the only things of importance in these two fields, they are both quite necessary. Any good salesman will tell you that he cannot handle any two customers alike. One must usize up" his cus- tomer in a pleasant way, and employ a selling person- ality which is adjusted to the personality of that partic- ular customer. Some times high pressure is needed. other times cold persuasiveness, and on other occasions hardly anything need be said other than to mention the price following the presentation of the article to be sold. Now back to the classroom and the teacher. Each pupil, like each customer, must be treated as an indi- vidual. Since there are from thirty-five to forty individ- uals in each class to be dealt with at one time. the task becomes a greater one. Let us take a typical sample of the condition in the classroom. johnny is slow. He needs more individual attention. He needs to get a few facts well learned. He needs much drill upon these facts. Then there is Tom in the same class. Tom is a keen, alert student. The presentation to him of large ideas and movements is more important than plain and sim- ple facts. Toni should be the target for thought-pro- voking questions, while johnny can answer the fact questions. Since many, many types of questions are nec- essary in each lesson. each type may be allocated to the 12 particular pupil to whom it is best suited. Thus it is evident that the distribution of material by the teacher to fit the pupil does not deviate very far from the task of the salesman, Suppose that you went into a store where the lone salesman was unpleasant. XVould you purchase anything there? Probably not! You would walk out and buy where the atmosphere was pleasanter and where you were stimulated and motivated to buy by a good sales- man. The salesman in the first store did not excite you to buy. He did not make it pleasant for you to buy. In short, he gave you no added incentive to buy. A con- dition similar to this is also present in the classroom. Unless the child is in a classroom where the teacher maintains the proper atmosphere for learning, he will not learn properly fif at allj, or, commercially speaking, the sale will not be made. lt has been the experience ofthe writer upon numer- ous occasions while working in a store to have custom- ers say to him, t'You are new here. If you do not mind, l would rather wait for Mr. Howard. l have been buying from him for over ten years." The reason they say this is perfectly clear. This particular salesman who has been serving them for several years is trusted. respected, and admired by his customers. Each of them is confident that the salesman will not take advantage of him, and will do all in his power to give them a fair deal. He has won their confidenceg in turn, they have made his po- sition more secure and more pleasant. How does this fit in with the situation in the class- room! Anyone can make the application. If the teacher can win the confidence of his pupils - make them feel that he is doing all that he can to help them - and treat them fairly, he will make the work a joy for him- self, and the learning more agreeable for his pupils. Even at the College the students often say, "lt is a pleasure to go to Mr. ---- 's class: you can tell he is pulling for you." Thus. it is quite evident that in teaching. one is sell- ing his wares in a manner which is very similar to that in which the salesman plies his trade. Both the salesman and the teacher must know their work, and be keen and alert to all conditions existing in their fields if they wish to be successful. Note - lf one wishes to go more deeply into the com- parison and emphasize other aspects of the two fields, it might easily be done. In fact, this subject will fur- nish enough material for an over-stuffed volume. Still, for our purposes and for the enlightenment of those who look upon practice teaching with anxious antici- pation, this short comparison may be of value. TOWER LIGHT Whither Are We Drifting ? gon, YoU TELL EM, POP!j Reported by LYDIA ZIEFLE Sing a song of chromosomes, Sing a song of genes, And hark while Dr. Popenoc Dilates on what it means, He paints a lurid picture Cf the future of our species, A race of super-morons ls the burden of his theses. For marriage, based on sentiment, Convenience or greed, Does nothing scientific Toward Himprovement of the breed." Haphazard biochemistry Results in human flukes. Tomorrow we'll be Kallikaksg Tomorrow you'll be Iukes. Poor homo sap will be a chap Completely void of reason, And some of us, as usual, Are rushing the season. -Ethel Iacobson From the Saturday Evening Post. Sonnet IAINIES G. IETT As Petrarch found in golden poetry A verbal vestment that would fit his thinking - Like to a swallow at a fountain drinking, That sippeth long at first, then happily It pauseth on the rim to breathe the free Removed air, the while his thirst is shrinking, Then sips again, this second one a-linking The parts - a sonnet's perfect symmetry, So Newton found within a space of spaces How Science kept her order and her statcg Saw how each force was met with force and how The spinning worlds were stayed and held their places - A thought and beauty so proportionate That songs cannot repeat its praise enow. JANUARY - 1940 Problem IRMA Sizxxinpxx I stood upon the broad seashorc And watched the waves roll in, The breakers leaped toward the shore VVith never-ending din. The hungry waves licked at my toes, The breakers toward me curled. And then I thought, 'AAre things the same Away across the world?" I have a book at home that has A picture of Ling Fu. He stands and watches waves roll in - They curl toward him, too! And now I cannot figure out, If my home's over here And Ling Fu's is across the world - Another hemisphere. VV hy both of us should see the waves Always toward us roll, Does ocean somewhere split itself And each half take its goal? Tomorrow morning I shall see VV hat teacher has to say. Perhaps she can tell why it is The waves go either way. The Trees ot God C. lXfIAR'1'iN Codward grow the arms of the trees in heaven And earthward reach their pleading roots That are twining into bitter pools, XVhich nourish lonely hearts of men. The roots are piping pcppcrminty rills To take the place of brackish streams Befouled by soots of soddcn tcmpcr. Here the souls of men in fragrance swim, And ugly things are only dreams. Soon the clean and prcttyfsmclling fools XVill become divine as they climb and climb The arms of the grccn trccs that Cotlwanf gnu January NAxer M. KIETZGER The old year is past. The new at last Comes madly forging ahead. The wind wails a tune Toward the cold moon The autumn days have fled. The glare of the sun Snow finely spun Give light and cheer to the dayg Resplendent new togs All sledders agog - XVildly they fly away. Hard Work Is Always Rewarded BIARGARET CARTER Your hair falls down and hides your eyes. Your breath comes out in pantsg You offer prayers to the skies And give your plans a glance. You grip the hammer sure and firm, You hold the nail just so: You know its nearing end-of-term. And strange forebodings grow. You make secure one little nail. It's bent! You pull it out. And when you get the next nail in You shout a lusty shout. You paint the thing with careful stroke. And chortle in your glee. You tell your friends this things a joke - And hope they won't agree. You beam UPO11 your finished job: You're in a merry mood - And from the center of the mob There comes a ciy "How crudelu Quandary NANETTR TRo'rr Oh dear. oh dear, it seems so queer, So dreadfully untrue, That I'm a distant cousin of The monkeys at the zoo. XVhen teacher told us so today. I thought it wasn't fair That I should be related To a beast thats full of hair. After school I walked about The park. There, in a cage, Twenty chattering monkeys XVere in a furious rage. They hopped about upon the boughs. They gripped the iron spokesg They looked at me and fussed and fussed. Till I was sure they'd choke. One jumped down upon the floor - I almost heard him talk. And when I'd learned just what he meant. I hurried down the walk, "XVould you explaiuf' he said to me. "XVhy the notion maddens you? In spite of your clothes. it's plain you owe The apology to the zoo." Poor Polyhymia G. F. S, Poor Muse a'standing in the hall astarin' at the floor: Do you always think so hard and find your life a bore? Blayhap you are a'thinkin' deep au' workin' on a plan To lose your plaster stiffness an' go lookin' for a man. Does your elbow trouble you. a'leanin' on the bricks? Or is the fancy pillar another of your tricks? One says you have a pallicl look. an' are a doctor's caseg Alaek. e'en if you'd leave us now. another'd take your place. T O WE R LI G H T EDITCRIALS The Recognition of Science CATHERIN13 CRAY DO VV E appreciate the struggle that science has made for recognition? VVe doubt it. If you appreciated it, so many wouldn't regard science classes as stumbling blocks to their progress through college, Thousands of years ago science started - when the caveinan lifted his head from the ground and gazed up- ward, and noticed that when things grew dark, tiny white eyes appeared above, when lightning struck a tree a gloriously blazing monster craekled before startled savage eyes. Man early adapted science to his needs. He early relied on animals and plants to feed him, and trees to furnish a shelter for him. Through the ages, man used science and when a person named Aristotle lived, science stepped up to claim his rightful throne as a basis for civilization. But barbarians came from the North and man "bit the hand that fed him." The Church pro- hibited science teachings and men were imprisoned for their studies. Apples fell to the ground and people ate them - albeit gratefully - but not with gratitude to science. For some fifteen hundred years, science languished ignominiously, until a day referred to by many names- Renaissanee, The Awakening, The Age of Invention, The Scientific Movement - came into being. Then science did ascend the throne. VVe began to acknowl- edge that our dyes, our clothes, our food, our shelter, our luxuries and even our wars were products of the great scientific movement. VV hy it has even cloaked ed- ucation! VVe proudly brag that education is now ob- tained through the sensesg that it is based on our prac- tical needs, that it is based on N ature, that schools from the first grade through the universities teach science as required subjects! VVe live in a wondrous age! YVC should realize this. Everyone needs to know the history of the reigning kingg needs to know his deeds. So next time when you go to your science class, whether it be botany, astronomy, ge- ology, or biology, remember that you are privileged. You are receiving knowledge that has accumulated and grown through centuries upon centuries? that men have spent their lives gathering: that men have given their lives for, Don't throw away a single moment. Each is a treasure unequaled! JANUARY - 1940 Reflections on Dr. Hartman' s Survey I IARR1' KI. Loxnox HERE IN America, and specihcally at State Teachers College, we have always assumed a firm belief in thc "doctrine" of evolution. Moreover, we are believers to the point of maintaining a stern intolerance toward those of our colleagues who deny the validity of the Darwinian uthcoryf' Now, remember. No large number of us can be stu- dents, even dilettantes, at ontogeny, phylogeny, paleon- tology, or any other branch of biological studies which have made evolution the fact that it is. fXVe can never emphasize too strongly the point that evolution is not just a theoryg that it is a fact, known to us through the researches of men who are more than tyros at the afore- mentioned sciencesj Therefore, not many of us base our credos on scientific method in its strictest sense fas outlined in Science-lfllj. ln this one division of ma- terialistic belief, 1nost of us have granted ourselves the privilege, non-extant in science, of accepting a series of A'book" and 'fteaeheru conclusions. Perhaps all this is for the better. Yet, most of us view with disdain all in- dividuals who profess belief in origins of man other than that emphasized by Darwin. ln this connection, it becomes vital to note that in a recent survey faccording to Dr. George Hartman, pro- fessor of psychology at Columbia University's Teachers Collegel it was found that no less than 5692, of all American public-school teachers do not believe in evo- lution. VVait, now! Don't go on yet. This requires some contemplation, for the statement is much more than mere words to be read, and then glanced over. Understand this: More than oneahalf of the teachers in our public schools do not believe that man, for ex- ample, along with other species of organisms. is but a branch of one common family-treeg is but one of many evolvements from a common pristine stock. That is, there are hundreds of thousands inasters-and-marins, each responsible for a goodly number of students of ya- rious ages, who are unwilling to admit the truth of cyo- lution, and who, if called upon to teach evolution. would do so quite uneinphatically, and half-heartedly. Their paychecks only would stand between them and pointf blank denials of evolution. fDr. Lynch has said that it is possible to lecture an entire course on evolution, without mentioning the word. Here, however. we may assume that the in", hold as little respect for the fact, as for the word which is used to designate it.l l 5 It should go without saying, I believe. that an orienta- tion with regard to evolution spells educational and sci- entific progress. both in teachers and in their students. Fifteen years ago, in 192-f, not many progressives could have foreseen that wc would still have in 1939 a perfect setting for repetition of thc 'Z-f Scopes .case, in which a Tennessee court enjoined the teacher. Scopes, from repeating words to the effect fthe farmers and mountaineers thoughti that man was descended from thc apes. Of course. the setting is here. surveys or no surveys: but its heralding is analogous to the waking of an insomniac to tell him something we might have men- tioned ages ago, just when the poor fellows fallen asleep. Yet. even if we were certain that no harm might arise from that 562, there is still the disconcerting teaser that there are too many public-school teachers who don't fall in line with the evolution theoryg teachers who probably would just as leave erase "evolution,' from our black- boards: who won't line up even though "we believers" know we're right, If Dr. Hartman is correct, and for the sake of argu- ment I shall say that he is, there are half of America's public school educators who have a large-order scientific lesson to learn. XV hat makes the matter sadder is the fact that, even though there can be but one possible answer to the question: "Is there evolution," this is one time when intolerance on our part will not force the issue a quarter-inch. Scientists XVILLIAM IETT A SCIENTIST is a person who spends his lifetime finding out that what he studied yesterday is all wrong. He insists on adhering to the old saw that nothing is constant but change, in spite of the fact that he has been poor for the past thirty years, and has no data at all to prove that he will ever be anything else for the next sixty years. No one can be a true scientist unless he can forget where he left his hat. or what his telephone number is - this tags one as eccentric or absent-minded. which are but synonyms for a scientist. If you repeat a question or statement to one of these persons five or six times with no reply, have patience, for he probably didn't hear you. and any way it is a bad thing to startle people. Incidentally, when speaking to a scientist, choose your words carefully, Never try to make conversation by saying. for example. that Nature is a wonderful thing, and that you suppose he must be an authority: for he 16 This May Mean You! I R Ii S O LV E : I. To pay library fecs. 2. To walk to first fare. 3. To attend all Orchestra and Clee Club rehearsals. -l. To avoid "Mary lanes," "Tootsie rolls," and pea- nut chews. 5. To wear subdued hosiery - likewise shirts. 6. To whiten those "saddles"!!! 7. To brush the "wool," "mop," hair - or what you will. S. To avoid "ang0ras" jgirls. this is merely the male point of view! 9. To at least appear interested during those four o'clock classes. C Our sympathy to those blessed with two.j IO. To know "MYSELF" it I have to live with myself and so I want to be fit for myself to knowg Always to look myself straight in the eye. I don't want to stand with the setting sun And hate myself for the things I've done. I want to go out with my head erectg I want to deserve all mens respectg But here in the struggle for fame and pelf I want to be able to like myself. I don't want to look at myself and know That I am a bluster and bluff and empty show. I can never fool myself, and so XVhatever happens. I want to be Self-respecting and conscience-free." -Unknown. will respond by asking you what Nature is and tell you there is no authority in science. and in addition will stare disdainfully at you the rest of the evening. There is also the question of requirements for col- lege scientists. Everyone of them should have a D.Sc., or some doctorate, so that students may affectionately call him, out of class, "Doc," He should never appear on time for class. and should, on occasion. forget to come in at all jthough precautions should be taken to let stu- dents see him wandering about the campus at the same time. absorbed in meditationj. It is also a good thing to get a reputation for never reading notebooks or lengthy TOWER LIGHT expositions, in spite of the ironic story that tells of a student inserting several blank sheets of paper in a theme to test the professor, only to find comments about the waste of paper written on them. when the theme was re- turned. Then, too. every reputable scientist should have some literary work or accomplishment to his credit, in order that his students may boast of the education they're getting, and add that they are studying under quite an authority. However, students should be wary, and never make the mistake of copying themes written by their professors. If a scientist is to gain the full re- spect of his pupils, he must, in addition, be able to sneer nonchalantly in the laboratory as students squinch their eyes in microscopes, or cut their fingers as well as frogs' legs. These are criteria for the better understanding of, and classification of scientists, as everyone knows. VV hen one thinks of a scientist, these earmarks automatically come to mind - it is a matter of tradition. Strangely enough. however, it is perplexing to find that all the scientists whom you know are quite like normal beings, and even address you by name. Lumbricus Terrestris AN EARTHY CHILD GORDON FORRER SHULES TH REE S HORT weeks ago he had been deposited as a tiny cocoon by a careless parent. Two feet deep in the soil he was now awakening from a period of rapid growth. The air felt cold and damp as he slowly pulled himself forth from the net which encompassed him. The cool sides of the burrow felt good to his damp body as he ate his way to the surface. He sensed an instinctive urge to hunt for food. His inch-long body was lean but fully developed. Digging out was slow work - each bit of tunnel was gained by swallowing the soil in front of him and then painfully forcing himself upward, ever upward, leaving a trail of debris behind. Eventually, he emerged. The sun shone brightly and although he could not see, his sensitive skin was hurt by the light, He quickly withdrew and spent the remainder of the day half asleep near the entrance of his tunnel. Not through eyes and ears was the universe made apparent to the worm. To him the world was a region not of things seen and heard but of temperatures, stress- es and subtle vibrations detected by the nerves which encased his body like a fine web. His delicate blood ves- sels were continually fed by five hearts. He didn't have JANUARY - 1940 to breathe for his entire Outer skin was always moist and acted as a lung. I 'fHis" being hermaphroditic makes it difficult to say if "he" was "he," or "shcf' or "it," But for the sake of clarity and facility we shall continue to call "hc-she" "he." fDo you follow?j Night had come. Ile instinctively inched his way to the surface. Once again his head reached fresh air. A quarter of an inch, a half-inch of his length came hesi- tatingly out Of his burrow. Suddenly, he withdrew. Ilis sensitive nerves had detected a hostile movement. Per- haps it was a toad. The danger had ceased and again his moist body emerged, aided by the cilae which stud- ded his sides. For the remainder of the night he foragcd, never quite leaving his tunnel. Deeayed animal matter and bits of leaves made up his diet. As morning dawned he withdrew for the last time. His meal had not satisfied him so he commenced an- other tunnel - extracting nutriment from the soil he swallowed. Sometimes he became conscious of a craving which leaves and dirt could not satisfy, Then through the un- derground labyrinth he would search for another of his kind and they would lie in a cold embrace, held tight together by two bands which would later develop into cocoons. VVhen the rains came and the ground became satu- rated with water he found the obtaining of oxygen in- creasingly difiicult. Then he would partially emerge from his hole and, lying in the watery mud. wait for the earth. like a giant sponge. to soak up the flood. And so, for the rest of his short life, the worm would lie cold and moist in his smooth tunnel by day and emerge at night to feel the chill dainpness and to feed: instinctively never quite leaving his domicile: so. for- ever held the prisoner of the earth. All This and Plaster, Too P. PIIQRNDON YO U S IMP LY haven't lived until yOu've made plas- ter of Paris casts, There is nothing quite like it: it has a distinct characteristic that entirely separates it from all other forms of indulgence. I know: I made casts of leaves for my Science activity. but goodness only knows why. One thing I must say for myself - I entered into it with the right spirit fthe "do-or-collapse" attitudelz and. although I didnt end with the same feeling. I do feel that I gained something from the experience: I know better than to fool qContinued on page 30 a 17 Tl-IE LIBRARY F.. A. ZENTZ IN E V E RY lield of development in every-day life, we find evidences of the influence and the application of science and its principles. This is no less obvious in the realm of authors and their books. Feeling for and Hud- ing the pulse of the times. these workers in words have made great contributions to our libraries by means of analysis. research, and simple comment. Since this vari- ety of material is characteristic of both books and sci- ence, the Library staff presents herewith a representa- tive list of the new things in this field. VVhether science is your hobby or your avoeation, there is something here for your particular interest. Atoms in Artion: The Wforld of Creative Physics. George Rus- sell Harrison. Morrow, 83.50. Science made dramatic through its bearing on practical prob- lems such as glass manufacture, farming, and climate control. The Flowering Seed. Donald Culross Peattie. Putnam, 32.50. Plant life on earth from the primordial jungles of the sea and the fern forests down to modern research. The Glass Giant of Palomar. David O. Woodbury. Twelve years of labor and research that resulted in the world's largest telescope. Magic Highways. Norman Bel Geddes. Random House, 53.50. The shape of roads to roam in the future. a forecast of en- gineering marvels to serve safety and speed in coming decades. Turtles of the United States and Canada. Clifford H. Pope. Knopf, 55.75. llerpetology for everyone - a complete invasion of turtle privacy, with many photographs. Science for the Wforld of Tomorrow. Gerald Wendt. Lippin- cott, 52.75. All too often science has been considered a vast body of knowledge isolated in the laboratory. Taking the modern viewpoint that science is a method of solving the problems of man, the author portrays scientific progress in terms of human values. Modern Miracle Men. J. D. Ratcliff. Dodd, Mead, 55.00. XVhat scientists are doing today along many different fron- tiers of research to make a better world. The book explains the iron lung, frozen foods, vitamins and hundreds of new discoveries. Flash. Harold E. Edgerton and James R. Killian. Hale, Cush- man and Flint. 53.00. Seeing the unseen by high-speed photography. ,if Seasoned Timber. Dorothy Canfield Fisher. Harcourt, Brace and Co., New York, 1939. Reviewed by IXI.-my D1 PEPPIC This has been another prolific year for the literary world. Outstanding new authors have been discovered. while here and there on the intellectual horizon a mas- 18 ljjj :LIN f K lr., Xf -' X NN J, - js ' ,, lr, gfiiw-...rg-fv I il 'j Fix? .X ' : W ck X. ' Clll gfllj 'll ,. 45, 3 Q . we X 1 ,, L-- X Q 1---' -A j .-Q-ff -1- i -T4f'-- -' 17 4-5. 5-:mxlwfer j l terpiece of thought, wit. or humor has appeared. The com- majority of these new books have one thing in mon - the general theme is that of social protest re- garding economic conditions, especially in relation to the underprivileged classes. There can be no denying that these books are worth-while. absorbing, thought- provoking. But how refreshing it is to pick up a book like Seasoned Timber and lose yourself in a story which makes no demand upon you other than pure enjoy- ment! Seasoned Timber is primarily a story about a school and a sehoolmaster. Author Fisher ushers us through the halls of Clifford Academy amid the confusion ae- companying the first day of school. VV e meet the teachers, applying to the situation their experience or bewilderment. and then proceed to the hub of activity - the office of Principal T. C. Hulme. Here our journey ends, for we have now been intro- duced to the principal character of the story. Through Mr. llulme's eyes we see the inhabitants of the small college town in Vermont. There is the wealthy trustee who wishes the school to take up a policy of racial dis- crimination. As a contrast to him there is Mr. Dewey, another trustee, a beautifully portrayed character, who thinks only of the honor and traditions of the academy, I 1 r 1 Another deeply convincing character portrayal is that of f the Principals Aunt Lavinia. peculiar in her old age be- cause she had been a victim of tragic circumstances in her youth. There is also the story of Timothy Hulme's unrequited love for Susan, a young teacher. Susan falls in love instead with Canby. his dynamic cousin. How Mr. Huline overcomes this emotional upset makes in- teresting reading. Mrs. Fisher, in Seasoned Timber, tells a tale of Amer- ican ideals. More graphically than if she had sat down to 4 write an essay on American life and customs. she has 1 A + TOWER LIGHT.' l i pictured them here in her book. The people and events she tells about are familiar to all of us because we know similar people and have experienced similar events. Make a date to read Seasoned Timber if you have not as yet had the opportunity to do so. ,er Caribbean Treasure. Ivan T. Sanderson. Reviewed by DORIS KLANK "The little liner splashed along over the sparkling sea toward a green streak on the horizon. Soon I should once more be in the shining, whirring, struggling mass of animation that is the jungle . . . " It is with boyish enthusiasm and excitement that Mr. Sanderson approaches South America, a new continent, a new conquest, where he will continue his expeditions. Although he is collecting animals for an English mu- seum, his chief interests are in the living animal, not the stuffed one. VVhen he first makes it known that he wishes to buy specimens, Mr. Sanderson is so Hooded with all kinds of living creatures that everyone in his household is engaged in making temporary living quarters for the animals. To add to the original confusion, the feeder carelessly leaves all the doors unlocked while he goes for food, and all the animals escape. However, they evi- dently like their homes, because they return without protest, and sometimes voluntarily. Thus, the turmoil in "Noah's Ark" is again restored to peace and order. This fascinating book tells of the explorer-collector's experiences with many forms of high-and-low animal life, and is supplemented by thirty-two life-like sketches. It is by no means a teclmical description of the animal species, but furnishes a delightful visit with the won- ders of nature. A Mere Observer CATHERINE MILETO A PC UT I NC mouth, a grimace, two feminine voices in a hushed whisper. two pairs of eyes glancing in one direction, one pair of eyes intent on the printed page in fronts all this and more are easily discernible as an ob- server casually glances around the Library during study hour. VVhat is more interesting is an attempt to penetrate into the minds of thc studious ones and understand their reason for working as they do. Can it be "Miss ---- wants us to read about the government of the ancient peoples. Now to End Government in the index. Ah, here it is - yes. page --1 good," and so on. Or it can be "Now where can I End anything about Iapanese education? I have looked high and low, and still noth- JANUARY - 1940 ing. XVell, here goes again," or can it be "Practitums. praeticums, practicums-everywhere I turn they stare me in the face. Music, psychology, art praetieumsf' and 'Al could never play the piano and now not only do I play, but I sing . . . yes, actually sing. XVhcn I get out, I shall be so accomplished in at least one thing - that is, hold- ing a tune," then to top it all, "I shall know how ships and planes plot directions and distances, 230 south, 230 north! I hear from Mr. XValthcr's class that at the end of the term, we shall be termites. YVhat can I think?" Included in all of these thought-provoking assump- tions are those interesting nuisances in the Library who consider the place one for a Round Table discus- sion, only to be interrupted when the Librarian glances menacingly in their direction. But then what is their topic other than lessons for the day? The most evident topic is 'tBoys" with a capital All points favorable and unfavorable are discussed. The outcome - a sup- posedly good idea of the character of the boy. The actual outcome is overlooked! On the top of it all there are a few who actually do their work, and they work without lifting their heads. unless it is necessary. They are the Librarians' delight, because they do not cause a disturbance. VV here does all of this get us? Nowhere, except that watching people is one of the most fascinating pastimes ever experienced, and one of the most satisfactory places other than the terminal, street-car, bus. or train, is the Library. Program of Education of Teachers in Science N C V E M B E R T H I R D and fourth witnessed a memorable event at the State Teachers College at Tow- son. The Fifteenth Conferenee on the Education of Teachers in Science was held here, Dr. XV est was the official host for the College. Professors of science edu- cation and authorities in the field of science from vari- ous colleges and universities of the Eastern and Middle Atlantic States were-inlattendance. -Some of the impor- tant people were Dr. Gerald S. Craig of Teachers Col- lege. Columbia University, Dr. E, Laurence Palmer of Cornell University, Dr. YV. L. Eikenberry of Trenton State Teachers Collegeg Dr. I. Iewell Simpson. :Xssistant State Superintendent of Education of Maryland: several of the county superintendents and county supervisors of schools of lvlaryland, and high school teachers of sci- ence from nearby high schools. Vital problems concerning the part of science in thc preparation of teachers, methods of teaching science. and the new techniques being developed in special Helds of science were presented and became the subsc- 19 quent points of discussion. Most discussions were ani- mated because the problems being presented were of concern to all of those present. One of the most stimu- lating talks of the Friday morning session was given by Dr. Thomas Smyth, Professor of Science Education, State Teachers College. Indiana, Pennsylvania. He at- tacked the present sequence and content of the science curricula in high schools and colleges, and as was to be expected. his remarks led to lively discussion by mem- bers of the group, A paper was presented by the presid- ing chairman. Dr. E. Laurence Palmer, on the "Back- ground for Sex Education in the Elementary School." He presented and explained his thesis through a discus- sion of a recent publication. The Cornell Rural School Leafiet. Members of the conference were disappointed that the outstanding scientist, Dr. Forest Ray Moulton, the speaker for the dinner meeting. could not be present. However, the chairman and several of the speakers of the day's program entertained the group with clever im- promptu talks. All things being considered. the dinner meeting was a decided success. The Saturday morning meeting was devoted to prob- lems dealing with science teaching in the high school, to newspaper and magazine attempts at popularizing science, and to a report of the sub-cominittee of the National Education Association on Science Teaching. The College at Towson is very fortunate to have had the privilege of being host to this distinguished group of visitors. MUSIC Our Orchestra Leader Composes SEVE RAL YEARS ago for the Old English festiyi ities. Miss Prickett rearranged for the Orchestra Sir Iohn Stainer's organ arrangement of the l6th century mel- ody. "Unto Us a Son is Born." This year. in order to give unity to the wandering minstrel scene, Miss Prick- ett wrote a part for solo violin which is in the nature of an improvisation entering. as it does. after the entire Or- chestra gives out the ten-measure original theme. This solo part was played by Mr. XVebster at the Old Eng- lish Dinner. The violin obligato for "Cantique de Noel" also was written by Miss Prickett. It has been played several times: the last occasion being when Mr. Baker played it at the Campus School program this year. Our Orchestra Assists Thursday morning those of our College group who are early risers were drawn to the hall by the strains of familiar Christmas carols. Members of the string ensemble. under the direction of Miss Prickett. led the singing of many of the favorite carols. According to legend the beginning and the end of a program are considered the best. The Orchestra was proud to have the honor of both. As the lord and lady of the castle, accompanied by their guests, entered the hall. members of the Orchestra played carols. During the entertainment the Strolling Minstrel elaborated on an old carol. "Unto Us a Son is Born." as played by the 20 Kimdrl Sulnlfilzil Dill'Ii! Gizllircuth Rcifldollizr First Violin Players XVITHOUT A sufficient number of players able to carry with a reasonable degree of success any part that might be required, any orchestra. regardless of the ex- cellence of its soloists, would be lacking in depth and quality. One may give an adequate perfomiance with- out brilliant solo players. but an absence of good. de- pendable players often means the breakdown of the cn- tire orchestra. The State Teachers' College Orchestra is fortunate in having a large number of first violin players upon whom Miss Prickett can depend as willing workers. Three of these. Neal Galbreath, Sibyl Davis and Marie Sabatini, are from the counties, while the remaining two. Evelyn Kandel and Mary Reindollar, are from the city. All of these girls have played in their respective high school orchestras and several of them were members of the All-Maryland High School Orchestra. It is from this, and a corresponding group among the second violins that our leader makes up the membership of the string ensemble. Orchestra. After the revelry of the evening. the Orches- tra left the audience with the true spirit of Christmas as it played "The Angelus" by Massenet. TOWER LIGHTl i l 1 l i Thoughts on The Glee Club Christmas Broadcast VACOME AGAlN,'l said Mr. Girard, Director of Pro- 'grams of VVBAL, as we were taking our leave last Mon- lday, after our Glee Club broadcast. i 'tWe will," we said. Then, thinking of our struggles to learn so much dilii- icult music early in the year, we added: "But perhaps next year we'll wait until May, when Awe have a whole year behind us." T Mr. Girard and Mr. Linthicum, our announcer, look- Qed rueful. l, "But we like the carols," said they. 'A Well, so do we, and I daresay we shall manage an- ii other carol program another year, even though broad- casting might be easier in May, for the appeal of the ycarols is so great. As Dr. Wiedefeld in her brief ad- ,dress said, "There is a refreshing hint of spontaneous fjoyousness and freedom in the idea expressed by the liword tcarolingf We are reminded of earlier days when lmen lived more leisurely and had time to note the lbeauty of the green earth and to join in the celebration fiof the festival days with song and dance." And then, too, though it was difficult to get the pro- gram ready, what of it? Work we did, early and late, trying to boost that dull bully, Flatness. Such an enemy is he as Antaeus, elod-born giant, with his feet firmly .planted in the mud, growing stronger with each muddy contact. We, like Hercules, had to hold him aloft. and give our song a chance to soar. Now, when we have had as successful a flight as our friends kindly say we achieved, are we not thc stronger because of the diffi- culties oyercome? ls not our satisfaction proportionate to our effort? Surely, the art of singing will mean more to us all. henceforth, for we have served it. Surely. these songs and carols, in particular, will mean much, for we have made them ours. Think of them again, and of Dr. XVic- defeld's message, as you read our program: Psalm 150 ..... Cesar Franck The Glce Club Betty Tribull at the piano In Vienna VVoods .... Strauss The Glee Club Address - Dr. Wficdefeld Salvation ls Created . . . Tschesnokoii The Glee Club The Christ of the Snow . Hungarian Carol The Glce Club A Christmas Carol VVords by Mrs. Stapleton, set to an English folk song The Girls' Chorus A Christmas Folk Song Words: Lizette VVoodworth Reese Music: Franz Bornschein The Ieanie Group VVassail Song . . Gloucestershire Carol Mens Double Quartet Lo, How a Rose Ffer Blooming . Praetorius The Ieanie Group I-low It Began SYBIL DAVIS IN SPITE of the desperate struggle for existence, primitive man must have found occasional free mo- ments in which to express his emotions. Probably the first attempts to express these feelings were in move- ment and sound. Some authorities have gone so far as to say that song actually preceded speech. Certainly music began with birds, before the appearance of hu- mans. Other authorities, notably Spencer. felt that song was first a reflex action of the vocal chords following va- rious seiisations. From still other authorities we have the theory that songs originated from hunting calls used by early man. As soon as he ceased to use the calls for any useful purpose, they became music in the strict sense of the word. Possibly song may have begun as an ,JANUARY - 1940 accompaniment to rhythmic movements which later were formulated into dances. Even as primitive man drew upon nature for mate- rials and inspiration, so he turned to nature for his music. The roots of music - rhythm and song - are very evident in nature. Rhythm, which dominates sav- age music, is to be found in the ebb and How of the tides, in the rotation of the seasons, the movement of the stars, in the very heartbeat of man, From birds and animals, the sound of wind, water, and thunder. man had a variety of sounds to imitate. From nature, too, man no doubt received the inspira- tion for making instruments. The wind whistling thru hollow reeds is highly qCoutinued on page il l 21 A Visit from The Glacier Priest tAn illustrated lecture by Father Bernard R. Hubbard, "the clifl-dweller of the Far North."j FATHER HUBBARD. the Iesuit. has been given the designation of t'Glacier Priest" because of his many trips among the King Island Eskimos of the North Ber- ing Sea. The speaker stated as his preamble. the fact little- known. that there are but 2.000 or so pure-blooded Es- kimos in all the world. The physical characteristics of these. he said. are dark. straight hair, dark eyes. and no hair at all on their faces. These people, Father Hubbard added. are blending with many Asiatic peoples, even though the Alaskan mainland is but 54 miles from that of Asia. By way of explaining the difficulties of their lan- guage. the speaker said. that let alone prefixes and suf- fixes. the Eskimo tongue "has infixesf' The Eskimos. said the priest. are a progressive. peace- loving people. They do not Land here Father Hubbard proceeded to blast away a time-honored popular errorj live in igloos, but dwell rather in shelters built off the ground beside clilis, constructed of walrus-skins and poles. The weather on King Island. he said, is not too cold and disagreeable. as Americans would expect, but is at times warmer than ours in Maryland. They use a mail-order system similar to ours. Father Hubbard said. In fact, they have become part of the same universal system by which 'Aeveryone of them looks forward to his Montgomery XVard catalogue." The Eskimos. Father Hubbard stated. are an intelli- gent. loyal. altruistic people. and their moral and social standards are very high. The Eskimos are a great deal more thrifty than many other groups. The walrus being of greatest importance for food, every part of that animal is put to some im- portant use. The walrus tusks are used for ivoryg the blubber for food. and the skin for houses. These people. he said. are very skillful climbers. since a great part of their food is to be found high among the rocks. for example. the atpak penguins eggs. Although one. only. is this bird's annual output. she is able to lay several eggs, if previous ones are in any way destroyed. Then. if several of her eggs are gathered up. the atpak incubates an egg internally. and then lays a precocious offspring. Beside the wealth of interesting subject matter which Father Hubbard presented to his audience, his keen sense of humor and his excellent delivery delighted everyone. His appearance certainly was a step in the di- rection of bigger and better assemblies. Unanimously. we vote Father Hubbard's talk the best of the year! 22 QUESTIONNAIRE ANSXVERS A thermometer measures heatg a hydrometer meas- ures specific gravity. and a hygrometer measures moisture content. Increasing. In the west early in the evening. Yes. The Mississippi and the Nile Rivers. November. At a rate of 22.228 miles per hour. One degree per day. In 6,000 years, 24.000 generations of mice are born, but only 200 generations of men. XVounds incurred by persons in the Russian Arctic are said to heal more rapidly if they require stitch- ing. but more slowly if they are left open. Para- doxically. both effects are credited to the germ-free Arctic air. Germs in closed-up wounds cause in- Hammation, but on minor open wounds. they stimulate the healing process. Up to 810 F.. heat production is the same for men and women. Above that. women show a decrease in heat produced by their bodies. In Alaska, black fish caught through the ice freeze instantly when brought to the frigid surface. Sled dogs gulp them down only to have the fish revive from the dogs internal warmth. Tires lose air faster in summer due to expansion of pores in the rubber. The United States and Canada are the only coun- tries which produce maple sugar and syrup. XVarni-blooded animals can be forced into hiber- nation if insulin is injected into their blood stream, and if they are kept in a refrigerator at about the freezing point. This experiment was performed on European hedgehogs. Pneumonia is a common cause of death among wild animals. Real topaz is not always a yellow crystal. but may range from almost colorless to red. yellow. brown, or green. T here are about as many calories in an orange as in a cantaloupe - l00 calories in each. Twenty minutes is as long as children can stand without fatigue. This was found to be true during the measuring of American children for standard- izing clothing sizes. TOWER LIGHT F H i i i 'A j. i l ju .v li I ' 1 i il l I l i 1 SCIENCE INVADES SPORTS N OLAN CHIPIXIAN ATHLETIC PERFORMANCES are steadily improv- ing each year. VVorld records in every field are being constantly broken. For example, not a single one of the present track and field records for men in the Olympic Games dates farther back than 1932. The events today are the same, the rules are substantially alike, and the physical equipment of the athletes has not changedg so Why are there new records? The answer is, SCIENCE. Motion studies with high speed cameras and ingenious applications of scientific laws are enabling athletes to secure top performances. The introduction of the "Western roll" in the high jump was a mathematically designed action to lower the jumper's center of gravity. Today a certain scientist claims that it is possible for an object to pass over a bar while its center of gravity passes beneath. Perhaps a top-notch jumper will catch hold of the trick and shatter the existing record. The 120-yard high hurdle event record is exactly four- teen seeonds. This achievement sprang from the scien- tific fact that the runner travels faster on the ground than in the air. Today, a hurdler goes straight-legged over the barrier, whipping over his trailing leg with a snap to get back to earth as quickly as he can. New records are the result of techniques and teehniealities such as this one serves to illustrate. In 1935 Ralph Flanagan learned a new swimming stroke. invented by his coach. Two years later he be- came America's champion swimmer and had broken scores of records, The new stroke, a modification of the Australian crawl, reduces arm movement. gives more perfect balance and relaxation, and keeps the wimmer on an even keel. , Most outstanding coaches make frequent use of mo- tion-picture films to point out flaws in playing or to il- lustrate correct form. College and pro football teams study the films of their opponents in action before each game. After the game. they study films of it in order to learn how they may improve their play. Boxers diligently review slow and fast motion pic- tures of their opponents and of themselves. By this method they learn to adopt suitable defenses and can devise new offensive tactics for certain opposition. Other athletes. such as swimmers, gymnasts, basketball play- ers, baseball players, all study films of expert performers in order to learn form and technique. Science aids sports in developing new equipment as well as by suggesting changes in method. There are nie- clianical targets and receivers for practicing baseball pitchers. By means of light beams focused across the plate, electric eyes signal balls and strikes. Racing crews JANUARY - 1940 practice on revolving mechanical platforms. Scientists have found that diseuses will Hy farther if the grain of the wood runs horizontally along their faces. ln addi- tion. they have found that a discus actually travels farth- er when thrown against the wind than with the wind. The head wind tends to push the projectile up into the partial vacuum created by its flight. Physicists point out that better records in throwing or jumping can be made nearer the equator due to grav- ity's lessened force. For example. a Scandinavian shot- putter can expect a fifty-foot heave at home to travel over two inches more at the equator. Furthermore, weights thrown in an easterly direction fas the earth turns, remember?j will travel a fraction of an inch further. ln addition to the science of technique and the sci- ence of making equipment for sports, there is the science of coaching, the science of treating injuries. the science of training. and the science of team play. D0 you still wonder why performances in every field of sport are being improved every year? "SNICKS" HENR1' N. STECKLER DOE S A good athlete make a good teacher? How can we tell? The Alumni basketball game of December nineteenth brought back to us six former star athletes. They are all in some branch of education. The score, 48-40 in favor of the Alumni, apparently shows that success has not gone to their heads. XVhat they lacked in physical condition. they more than made up by experience and ability. In conjunction with the new intramural sports ac- tivity movement, Miss Eleanor XVilliamson, president of the Student Council, was particularly fortunate in procuring the services of Mr. Maurice Schwartznian. Mr. Schwartzman was formerly a tennis star in Mary- land athletic circles and is today instructor of badmin- ton at the Gilman Country School. This school is. in- cidentally. the hotbed of badminton in Maryland. Mr. Schwartzman not only gave an excellent exhi- bition of playing the game, but also gave appropriate comments as to the rules and intricacies of the game. The sport has already met with much delight in many sections of Baltimore. The equipment is here! Try it for yourself! lt is the sincere desire and hope of the college that Mr. Minnegan is fully recovered from his recent illness by the time the student body will receive this edition of the Towiziz LIGHT. XVith our most capable mentor back at the helm, the basketball team will undoubtedly steer more evenly toward a successful season. 23 Science Is Life AT THE CAMPUS SCHOOL CONSTANCI3 Rmzsoiz and BARBARA I'IAILE E DUCATORS H A VE coined the phrase, f'Educa- tion is life." Yet we may break this significant word, ed- ucation. into its component parts, one of which is sci- ence. Science is life! Such life is strikingly portrayed in the Campus School - life that is active and rich - a life of science. From the seventh grade to the first, sci- ence is being challenged, studied, discussed, and experi- enced. If you could see a pageant of the work of all the grades, you would see the following well-represented and related phases of science. The seventh grade work is based on the question: of what is this earth of ours composed? You may see evi- dences of the pupils' realization that the earth is ever- changing, moving, and is being built up and torn down by elements and forces. The sixth grade is considering the plants that grow on this earth. Plants are a vital and complex part of this world. How do they live? How do they manufacture their own food? VVhat means do they have for main- taining life and reproducing more of their kind? VVhat influence do plants have on man? These questions are vital to the children. They have an experiment station for seed analysis and seed growth. They have a collec- tion of fifteen kinds of fungus growth from the Clen. VVhat is the ocean of air around us. and how does it work? This is the theme in the fifth grade. You find in the room apparatus for studying air and its characteris- tics of weight, pressure, and its importance to all living things, its reactions to heat and cold, and lastly. the moisture it contains - why it is there, how it reacts to heat and cold. and the various forms it takes as clouds, rain, etc. The children are working in small groups of five or six. performing their own experiments, discuss- ing them thoroughly - illustrating the concept that a scientific point of view requires that one seek for the reasons underlying natural phenomena. Once this is done, the children become busily occupied in interpret- ing natural phenomena in the light of the experiments. In the fourth grade the children are becoming weather conscious. "VVhat is snow? XVhy is there fog?" they ask. As a result of these questions. there has arisen a need for a weather station so that the children may make their own observations of the weather. Now they are busily engaged in making a wind vane, and a rain gauge. Soon the weather man will have some compe- tition. XVhilc they watch the weather by day. the children of the third grade will be watching the stars at night. 24 Soon they will realize that our world is only a small speck in this vast universe, and that it, too, is suspended in space just as are those glittering spots called stars. 'tVVinter birdsn is the first grade interest. Pictures of the slate-colored junco, the chiekadee, cardinal, hairy woodpecker, and tufted titmouse adorn their bulletin board so that the children may have a close-up view of their winter friends. The children have become greatly interested in the welfare of these birds. They have made shelters and feeding stations. They feed their birds suet and different seeds. just this morning the nut hatches and juncos came to the window sill to eat their breakfast. In all the grades, you will find the same basic founda- tions. All the children are experiencing science. They are finding out about things. The universe is complex, but it can be interpreted and partially understood by in- telligent children who experiment, think, and read. Sci- ence is everchanging. So the children must constantly adjust or change their ideas as they learn more about things. and as they themselves change and gain more efficient control of their enviroinnent. Science - life! For Those Who Aren't Familiar With, .... BOB Cox ON THE second floor of the Campus School, oppo- site Miss Kestner's room, there is a small space - en- closed ancl set aside for science, which is a veritable room-of-all-trades. In this room, first, is a group of science textbooks, which are much used by teachers and pupils alike. In ad- dition, an assistant is present for an hour each school day. He acts as intermediary between the two science departments - that of the College. and that of the Campus School. It is this assistant who, when student or practice teachers need science material, rounds up the material. or gives advice as to where it may be found. XVhen construction activities are planned, this science room becomes a workshop, and a well-equipped one it is, what with tables, vises. and other tools essential to activities requiring handicraft. XV hen teachers use films to enrich the value of the science-units, the science room becomes a theatre. As such, it holds a movie-projector. a lantern machine 1 with a device for projecting book-pictures onto the screenj, dark curtains. and a projector-stand. If one is pressed by messy or unwieldy experiments, this room becomes his laboratory. A very complete lab- it is, too. for there is a full stock of every imaginable. chemical K for elementary school usel, splints, beakers, TOWER LIGHTj 1 l l n Q test tubes, lab table, Bunsen burners, thermometers, wa- V Q ter supply, etc. XV ith these examples the services of the 11 I , f science room are summed up. lt will be seen that thcsc 11 . . . . . ll21Ct1V1t1CS are all directly correlated to and inseparable 1' ' 'Q from the science program. l However. aside from these "inside" uses, the science i l 1 l ll 1 1 ' Arm.. IN CUE MAILBCX MM... 1 Q ' DID You know that - 1 5 Edward Cersuk, class of '33, is acting vice-principal y of NO. 59? 1 Iohn Horn, class of '30, lerome Denaburg, class of "30, and Nelson Valentine, class of '29, are now in Senior High Schools? 1 Augusta Hillman, class of '29, lolm Keczmerski, class 1 of '28, Wfilliam Seeinan, class of 32, and Margaret Spel- lissy, class of '30, are now in Iunior High Schools? Sidney Chernak, class of '28, is to be principal of night school No. 70A this winter? Ineidentally, his wife, Helen Chernak, '29, gave up the profession for her own family kindergarten. Milton Bergen, class of '32, has left the profession for the business world? Lorelle Headley, class of '37, is still ill? Edward MacCubbin, class of '36, B.S., underwent an operation, and though he is now home, will not get back to work for some time, because of his phlebitis? Ruth Koch. class of '34, is now Mrs. Donald M. VVhite, the wife of a naval ensign, residing at San Diego, California? ,bf A MARRIAGES 'November 26, 1939 - The marriage of Miss Edith Eleanor Bortner, class of 1931 to Mr Ex erett Andrew Tolley of Wfilming- ton Del iware took place November the seventeenth in Coxans Methodist Church. A reception followed at the home of tl e bride on Hilltop Road. Mr. and Mrs Flollcx are spending their honeymoon in Miami, Florida ind on their return will live in Upper Darby, Pennsx lx ania November 30 1939 hun M Lottes 'lhe marriage of Miss Carolyn Blaekmar Rogers. class of 1939 and Mr. James Bernard Marshall, Ir., JANUARY 1940 Mildred Elizabeth Melamet, class of 1937, to VV il- i 'e f . . ' December 3, 1939 - 1 Ar rv I 'C V room is put to serve other needs. Bj, some teacher "-, it is used for free-period work, and also for special work with individual students. lohns Hopkins men were using it a few days ago to test the fatigue-quotient in the Cam- pus School children. NEWS took place last evening at St. Pauls Lutheran Church, The ceremony was followed by a reception at the Em- erson Hotel." fff' ANNOUNCEMENTS December 3, 1939 - Mrs. B. Hoffman Knatz, of Delight, Maryland. has announced the engagement of her daughter. Miss Iaequeline Alvery, class of 1932, and Mr. Robert H. Riley, Ir. The wedding will take place Christmas Day. Sports Review - "Fairfax Brooke, class of 1933, is identified with many sports and her name has come to be expected every time a contest is held. In addition to tennis. hockey, and lacrosse, she plays badminton, too. In fact, she ranks fifth in the State as a singles player and number one as a doubles player!" Cecil County Normal Club KA'rHi3RrNE M. BRiv1"1'oN, Secretary THE CECIL County Normal Club of the Towson State Teachers College was held at the home of Miss K. M. Bratton in Elkton, Saturday, November eigh- teenth. Mrs, Pippin, president of the club. presided. The club had for its project compiling a list of Cecil County graduates, this list was completed as far as it was possible for the committee to do so and was pref sented to Miss Mary Hudson Scarltorougli, Held secrca tary of the Alumni Association. 'l'he speaker for the afternoon was Dr. XVicdefcld. ln an informal talk Dr. VViedefeld told of the activities of the College, its needs. and ways by which the club could help in preparing for the celebrations to be held in 19-10 and 19-tl. Miss Scarf borough told how the club could assist in writing the history of the College. Mrs. Carroll and Nlrs. Croshans brought greetings to the club and suggested how it could assist them in their various duties. A social hour followed, during which refreshments were served. 25 SERVICE STATION FOR STUDENTS lriax Kiuvnrz l. There is too much homework at State Teachers College. 2. Each teacher expects us to do only her assignments. 3. The courses are too intensive for the small amount of time devoted to them. -l. The courses are not balanced. 5. Everybody is different. yet everybody must take the same courses. There should be some elective courses. 6. Some clubs take up so much of our time we can do little else. The above points were sent in to this column for dis- cussion. Heaven help me. though. I think they have me stumped. It is true. many of us have at certain times of the year felt overburdened by the amount of work that seems to pile up all at once: however. we can look at these problems calmly and objectively and perhaps End the cause for our dificulties. Here are some questions we may ask ourselves. If you can answer them honestly. the path may be opened and a feeling of satisfaction for work well done may follow. l. Do we just waste time by worrying about all our lessons instead of sitting down and doing them? 2. Do we know how to study so as to get the best from our courses? fp. Are we taking ourselves too seriously? 4. Have we set up a standard for ourselves that is too high? Do we realize we are no longer among high school students but in a college? 5. Do we understand the purpose of our courses and see their relationships to teaching? 6. Did we come to a country club or to a college to prepare ourselves for teaching? , . Have we undertaken more than we can accomplish? Have we joined too many clubs? Have we under- taken too many activities at the expense of our les- sons? S. Are we merely hopping onto the band wagon of the Evening Sun's Forum? 9. Do wc realize that earning college credits means that for each hour per week of class instruction. a specified amount of study is required? This amount varies from a minimum of one and one-half to two hours of study to each hour of class instruction. depending on the course and the college. Classes which do not carry study assignments cannot give full credit. NVhat is the value of a credit which has no exchange value in a standard market? IO. Do we know how to budget our time? Have we sufficient will power to stick to a schedule? 5 26 Answer these questions truthfully. Here is an open- ing. XVhat do you think about it? Both students and teachers feel that these are questions warranting serious consideration. This column welcomes all suggestions and comments. Editors Note - Points S. 9. and I0 are those of the president of our College. Dr. XViedefeld. WHEN WE WERE VERY YOUNG P.aTRrcLx TIERNDON C U R I O S I TY IS the root of human nature. So. as- suming that we are all human. we have endeavored to satisfy some of that curiosity by bringing to light some of the experiences of our "leading citizens." when they were about 3' 2" in height. unsteady of limb. and pow- erful of voice. Edgar Clopper. towering a mighty two feet six. was three years old. Airily attired in a little red dress. his hab- itual costume at that ripe age. he was bravely tottering up the stairs. when the sickening sound of a rip pierced the air. His foot had caught on the hem of his dress. and had sadly torn it. Pausing. and peering thoughtfully at the rip. he muttered defiantly: "Oh. well. I never did like the old dress. anyway!" lAll I ask is a five-mile running start. Mr. Presidentl A small girl of five and her mother were heading South on the train. The proud parent. turning to say something to her very young daughter. found that the latter had mysteriously disappeared. She was nowhere ' in sight. But after an extensive and rather anxious search. the mother found that her already commercially- minded small daughter had collected the old magazines from amused passengers in her car and was selling them to the passengers in the next car! And even though her first business attempt was halted rather abruptly. thus began the official career of our Student Council vice- president. Betty Steuart. The dolls were hungry - the candy dirt wouldn't "stick" to make mud pies - the young lady had an imaginative mind. So. what could be simpler than for by her to collect all the eggs she could lay her hands on to f make the pies stick together? Recipe: Stir sand. water. and several dozen fresh eggs together in a container: until it reaches the consistency of plaster of Parisg then put into cakes and - . But there was no need for anyri more of the recipe. for the young chef was sadly inter-lx: rupted by the investigation of her suspicious father. P. S. - Katherine Feaser ate her supper that nightigl standing. : TOWER LIGHT? ' 7. Russell: Resolve to keep from the So XV hat col- I l l r 1 il HATII r S 0 XV. NORRIS XV131s W E LL, A N OTH E R yearg another So XVhat spasm. Guess the editors didn't put a resolution on their list to eliminate our pretentious contribution - so hold fight: here we go again - I yi And the New Year finds a return of our dalfynition de- faartment. Any accepted contribution from our "many" .readers Qma and mel will be rewarded by the usual :rip to Bermuda or 5.29. So get your offering in early: Q 1. Eskimos: God's frozen people. . 2, Hie-cup: Echo from departed spirits. 3. Drizzle: A drip who is going steady. Q Students' New Year Resolutions 1. Cernik: Resolve not to have Love in Bloom for number one theme song. Z. Hillyard: Resolve to find out what Marguerite wants for next Christmas. 3. Lerner: Resolve to use terminology that will be comprehensible to all students and freshmen. 4. MeCarriar: Resolve to get new glasses. lust when everything seems to be all Vxfright, someone Clog- ged up his spectacles. 5. Shules: Resolve not to kiss any more young ladies' 1 hands in the hallway. QAre you listenin', Margy?j 6. Margy Owings: Resolve to adopt and execute a bigger and better sneeze. uinn this year. lHa, hall I Freshman Caper Miss Blood fto Freshman Section - Geography 102D : Who can tell me from your "extensive" readings what lay is the longest day of the year? Bright Frosh fwho read VERY widelyl: The day Adam was born, for on that day there was no Eve. I Of course, that isn't as bad as Adam's return when, to his embarrassment. he found that Eve had made a dorm salad out of his Sunday suit. I might add. if l ihad the nerve, that while the salad was well dressed, .Adam was not. F il ' Student Suggestions for Faculty Resolutions il 1. Miss Bersch: Resolve to investigate and find the meaning of nbookief' 2. Miss Birdsong: Resolve to build biwer bulletin boards for students not to read. bb V-'JANUARY - 1940 3. Mr. Crook: Resolve to wear Rangers uniform at least once a week in response to numerous requests. 4. Miss Greer: Resolve to let dorm students have two desserts every meal. J. Miss Wleyforth: Resolve to keep up on all new waltz steps. CSee Dotty De Carlo for ultra new waltzesj 6. Mr. XValther: Resolve not to say SO YVHAT after each pertinent fact in class. 0 "Screams" lDedicated to Curley Martin, with apologies to the authors There are screams that make us jumpy, There are screams that make us grave. There are screams that make us scared all over, As the scream which A'he-mann Tarzan gave: There are screams as horrible as can be, That come from frights that we have had in dreams: But the scream that lingers in our mem'ry ls the scream that Ruth Nizer screams. O VVell, another spasm is concluded fthank goodnessl: but we must get in our latest gag: Lady fto drugstore elerkl: Do you have any Life- buoy? Clerk: Set the pace. lady. set the pace. 0 XVe'l1 resolve to give you better write-ups if you'll do more things for me to write about. XVe1l, l'll count on you, but Hnally - So YVhat? ll oaps ! ll R. I. G. A Bouquet to Santa For taking the hint about Shepherds "Crook"! Perplexing Problem And where do you think she 'Awill soon" surrender- in the "yard," on the 'thill"-or at Reads? Qlust callin' 'ttentien to 'dvertiseincnts We need 'em. bv the wav! sg: sg: s,-1 Merely Inquisitive lust what has Senior T to do with B. Sfs "alban" com- plex? Does she have the 'Awhitc" idea? If Dave H. enjoys playing "peg," tell nie-is it the property he craves or her heart? QUOTATIONS "If wc represent the period of all life on this planet by one revolution of the minute hand of a watch, the period of human life is covered by one-half minute, and recorded history by two seconds." "The most important part of living is not the liv- ing. but the pondering upon it."-Arrowsmith, by Sin- clair Lewis. HThc unexamined life is not worth living."-Socrates. "They never want to die, because they are always learning and always creating either things of wisdom, or at least dreaming of them."-Back to hlethuselah, by G. B. Shaw. "Only he who has failed to perceive the immensity of the universe and the insigniticance of man will dare to say AI knowf Ignorance is always dogmatic."-A Book of Wfisdom. in a Student in Arms, by Donald Hankey. "There was no strength, no grace, no knowledge that Martin Arrowsmith did not covet . . . he was hungry for every skill."-Arrowsmith. p. 43. by Sinclair Lewis. "A man could take a chance and find out." 'AT rue Science is the experience of man with the ma- terial world. True Religion is the experience of man with the spiritual world. They can never conflict."-Dr. George Schuster QPittsburghj . XVhen we theorize we "give our Gods an airingf, Hset "The obligations incumbent upon science . . . seeing to it that the sciences which are taught are themselves more concerned about creating a certain mental atti- tude than they are about purveying a fixed body of in- formation to adopt into the very make-up of their minds those attitudes of open-mindedness, intel- lectual integrity, observation, and interest in testing their opinions and beliefs that are characteristic of the scientific attitude."-john Dewey. Teachers talso Parentsj : Teachers in two large cities were asked to list the misbehavior problems encountered in their classrooms. The result showed that lack of respect for authority was of all bad behavior considered most reprehensible. XVhispering, inattention, disorder in class, speaking out of turn. acting "smart," were bad conduct. Shyness, suspicion. temper outbursts, eowardiee were rated of less importance. Thirty mental hygienists of the child guidance clinics of Cleveland, Philadelphia and Newark were then asked to give their opinions on the relative importance of the behavior disorders reported by the teachers. Their End- ings indicate a widely different interpretation of what is undesirable in classroom behavior. -Children's Behavior and Teachers' Attitudes, The Commonwealth Fund, 41 East 57th Street, New York Citv. up our Gods."-tGreck 'ATheory" - procession of the f'Physics is the endeavor of science to solve the mys- Godsfj tery of the universe."-Einstein and Enfelcl. Facts About Science I. Since 1910, over 3.000 minor planets have been dis- covered by astronomers. tSomcthing else to learn in Dr. XV.'s coursej 2. An aviator made a flight in Alaska Ianuary, 193-l. when the thermometer was 7l degrees below zero. tAnd we howl at gym outside when it is 71 above.J 3. For eight years the Brooklyn Botanical Gardens have given a course to student nurses. teaching such sub- jects as the care of cut flowers. tXVhy not to student teachers also?j 4. .X Hsh can be drowned! Take the oxygen out of water and the fish will 'tdrownf' tDrowning is really a form of strangulation, so therell D. If you want to know whether the girl friend is a blonde by destiny or desire, take her down to the 28 beach. A true blonde. according to an anthropolo- gist, is one who dees not tan when sunburned, but blisters and peels. 6. One person in 3,000,000 has seen a meteorite fall to earth. tGosli. I almost said "meteor."j f. China's daily newspaper. the Peking Gazette, was issued regularly from T13 A. D. to 1911. fAnd we call ourselves civilizedj S. XVarning to Mr. Mosers class: According to Mayan' Indians the Hreflv once exercised his brains so hard, he began to glow! 9. Cutting a hole in the head was an ancient cure for sinus. tThe operation was slightly marred by the fact that the patient died.l ' TOWER LIGHT. p OT TIONS 'Lifez A bird half-wakened in the lunar noon i Sang halfway through its little iiiborn tune. Xl -Q Partly because it sang but once all night And that from no especial bushls heights Partly because it sang ventriloquist T And had the inspiration to desist l Almost before the prick of hostile ears, 5 lt ventured less in peril than appears. 4 It could not have come down to us so far, T Through the iiiterstiees of things ajar On the long bead chain of repeated birth . To be a bird while we are men on earth If singing out of sleep and dream that way Had made it much more easily a prey. -R. Frost -- On a Bird Singing in its Sleep. l V. ll i i i I VFreedom of Speech: Y "VVithout free speech no search for truth is possibleg ivvithout free speech no discovery of truth is usefulg with- out free speech progress is checked and the nations no fionger march forward toward the nobler life which the l l future holds for man, Better a thousandhfold the abuse of free speech than denial of free speech. The abuse dies in a day. but the denial slays the life of thc people and entombs the hope of the race."-Charles Brad! laugh Qlinglish refoimerrl. 'L . . . how little science has done to clarify the essence and character of man .... lt was as though the older feeling of angelic overtones in human nature held man could be objective about anything except this lofty crea- ture made according to celestial modes. Turning his new appliances and techniques upon himself, he felt a difli- denee, a certain sense of impropriety, And on the diffi- denee thrived . . . the mischicfs of . . . all the . . . architects of chaos." YVays YVC Cheat Children: "Giving them patronage without partnership. knowl- edge without understanding. punch without power, and education Without eharacter.''-Ralph Socknian, pastor of Christ Church, Methodist Episcopal. of New York. Ch. Ed.. September, l938. l RVATIIERINE Lxeoiz and ELIZABETH lX'IELENDEZ TXVO CENTLEMEN who. for several hours one night, had been assuaging their thirst at a club, left together to go home. As they were meandering down the street laughing and singing, one of them suddenly became serious and 'poetieally remarked to the other, 'She the ben'fnl 'moonf' The other indignantly remarked, A' 'Tainlt the moon, 's the sun." The retort came back, "'Tain't, 's the imoonf' They argued back and forth for some time and finally decided to leave the decision to the next passerby. Shortly a figure appeared coming down the sidewalk ion a zigzag course similarly to that which they had followed. As he came abreast of them they stopped ,ihim and lengthily explained the subject under discus- sion and asked him to decide it for them. The stranger gazed thoughtfully at the heavens for :several minutes and then, turning to the two sports, he lisaid, A'Pardon me, ge'men, I really can't tellg l'm a stranger here myself." ,JANUARY - 1940 Mistress: "Did the fisherman who called here this morning have frogs legs?" Servant: 'fSurc, mum, l don't know. He wore pants." Romantic young lady, spending the summer on a farm: "lust hear those old trees in the orchard moan and groan in the storm, like the crying of a lost soul!'l Small boy: "XVell, I guess if you were as full of green apples as they are. you'd make a racket yourself." A farmer who went to a large city to see the sights engaged a room at a hotel and. before retiring, asked the clerk about the hours for dining. "XVe have breakfast from six to eleven. dinner from eleven to three. and supper from three to eight." exf plained the clerk. "VVa-al. say." inquired the farmer in surprise. "what time air I goin' ter git ter see the town?" 29 GUARANTEED WATCH REPAIR , a Neills Charles Street at Lexington Compliments of . . TOWSON THEATER The Secunia ,Rational Bank uf Ulutnsun, jllflh. LOUISE BEAUTY SHOPPE 32 YORK ROAD - Phone, TOWSON 1022 CONVENIENT FOR COLLEGE Specializing in Individual Styling and New Wella Hair Treatment People with Diseifiminating Tastes Prefer Esskay Quality MEAT PRODUCTS 30 All This and Plaster, Too qContinued from page IT! with the stuff again. XYCII, the day I started the casts, I entered the work- room prepared to turn out something that would make Michelangelo blush for shame. Ah, ignorance! But it wasn't that my procedure wasn't orderly - oh, no, My materials were all ready - all, that is, except a can in which to mix the plaster. But after a fierce battle with three wild-eyed individuals, who were evidently doing the same thing I was, I secured a dented tin can and calmly proceeded with my work. Brother, I stirred that plaster of Paris until I thought I'd see my arm lying on the Hoor by itself, and still it wouldnt get the "con- sistency of thick cream." And that is where my iinagi- nation started to work - and that is also where trouble gave me the old utwo-three." I discarded the stick with which I had been stirring and began to mix with my lingersg I was rather proud of that thought - until the plaster of Paris hardened around my hand! It was really a rather nice cast of a hand. too, after I got the can off. In fact. it was the best cast I made. The second job I turned out was as heaxy as pig iron and twice as messyg I ended its career by dropping it on my foot, thereby nearly ending my foot's career. The third cast never hardened - it is still in the "soup" stage. although I am very optimistic about it. I shall not discuss the other difficulties I met with. I shall only say that live of the creations are resting in Mr, Crooks room. awaiting a verdict. But I am very' calm about the whole thing now. I feel no violence whatever toward the inventor of plaster of Paris. al- though I did when making the castsg and I no longer look up ancient torture methods to use on the aforesaid inventor. But I have resolved one thing: neither fire nor flood, earthquake nor Science will ever move me to make an- other plaster cast: never, brethren. never! ,rf Mr. XYood, a man very fond of playing jokes. met his friend, Mr. Stone and at once inquired jocosely: "Hello, Stone, how are Mrs. Stone and all the little pebbles?" "Fine," said Mr. Stone. "all well, thank young and then, with a twinkle in his eye: MI-low are Mrs. YVOOE and all the little splinters?" A Isle who can, does, llc who cannot. teaches. Tim: What is untold wealth? lfathcr: 'Ilhat which is not revealed to the Income Tax man. TOWER LIGHT l I-low It Began lContinucd from page Z1 H suggestive of thc flute. The bumping of a branch against a hollow trcc might well ihave led to the drum. A rudimentary harp may have been suggested by the twanging of a bowstring. Although man was able to reproduce sounds from nature. he was content with the mere imitation. making no effort to combine the iinitations into melody or to make new ones. For innninerable centuries music made no further progress. Even today among the lesser civil- ized peoples of the world one may hnd those who are content to continue their portrayal of nature for time 1 without end. r I 'gy' 1 "XVould you like to join our football team?" "I don't know enough about the game to play, but 5 l'm willing to referee." ze st -4: l ln the legal world, what's right is right, and what is iileft is the client's. :tr 1.2 if Tea and coffee are the only two drinks never asso- ciated with the toast of the town. 4. .-, .-, ,,. ,,. ,,. English prof.: Mr. Gish. correct this sentence. 'Girls y is naturally better looking than boys." Ioe Gish: Girls is artificially better looking than boys. .-. .v. .L ,,. .,. .,. Frosh: Transfer, please. Conductor: XVhere to? Frosh: Can't tell you. lt's a surprise party. sg: 13: 4 FIGURE IT OUT If a train travels 45 miles an hour, how old is the en- gineer? fThanks, Mr. Moser.l Foreign Feat "Help! Help!" cried an Italian laborer near the mud iflats of the Harlem River. i "XVhat's the matter." came a voice from the con- yistruction shanty. 'Queeckl Bringa da shov! Bringa da peek! Giovanni's T Stuck in da mud!" l K ' Y 1 How far in? ' li "Up to his knees." gg "Let him walk out." UNO, no! Hc caima walk! He wronga end up!" IlJANUARY - 1940 i A Deposit of 531.00 Opens zz Clverkifzg .flccoznzf in the CHECKMASTER Plan at The Uliutnsun jaatinnal Bank TOWSON, MD. Our only charge is five cents for each check drawn and each deposit. Est. 1886 Telephones, Towson 4 and 5 MaSOn,S Service Station Betboline - Richfield Gasoline Oilicial AAA Station 24-Hour Service TOWSON, MD. - Phone, Towson 554 Civic Clubs, Churches, Fraternal Organiza tions, and All Social Gatherings XYill Profit by the SPECIAL GROUP PR ICES on Baltimore's Finest Ice IEE CHEHITI ".'-llzvayx Good Taste" Cfeilme Also Special Molds and Ice Cream Cakes for Birthdays, Holiday Parties and Home Gatherings Order from' Your Nearest DELVALE Dealer or Telephone UNiyersity 1151 DELVALE DAIRIES, INC. 2050 HARFORD ROAD - - UNivefSify 1151 Check Over YOUR WARDROBE Write the MiSSillg Items 012 Your Slzoppizzg Lis! mm' Come To HUTZLER BFQTH EE fi BANKING SERVICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL Personal Loans 402, Investment Certificates issued in multiples of of S50.00. Interest payable January lst S100 to S1000 At Fair Rates. and July lst. IVE INVITE YOUR INQUIRY Citizens' Industrial Bankers, Inc. 104 ST. PAUL STREET - - - - BALTIMORE, MARYLAND To Be Read In a Minor Key BIARGARE1' CARTER l play the piano right sadlyg l sing. but l'ni always off key: l draw. but my pictures are lousy - And nobody pities poor ine. I jest. but niy jokes all are pointlessg I run, but l eoine in too late: l love. but without any passion: l hate with a ineek sort of hate. l sigh. but my sigh comes out trcinblyz My cakes are as flat as can be. My friends say. "You're lucky. You're different." And nobody pities poor ine. A young inan stayed up all night figuring out where the sun went when it went down. lt finally dawned on hiin. A lady in Boston. who was suffering froin a slight indisposition. told her husband that it was with the greatest difliculty that she could breathe. and the effort distressed her exceedingly. "l wouldnt try. iny dear." soothingly responded the kindhearted husband. Fanner's wife lto druggisth : "Now be sure and write plain on the bottles which is for Hank and which is for the horse. l wouldnt want anything to happen to that horse before spring plowing." You W'ill Be .-X Xvelcoine Depositor In Che Bank nf Zgaltimnre Qiountp YORK ROAD . . . TOVC' SON, MD. Deposits Guaranteed to 55,000.00 HARRY C. LANGGOOD 402 YORK ROAD. XEXT TO C1113s,xP13.aKE Ayn. TOWSON. BID. Skilled W'attb, Clock, Jewelry, Eye Glass and Fountain Pen Repairing-Diuzlzoml Setting Instructor lin geography lesson 1: "Now, can anyone tell ine where we find lll3llgOCS?n Gob: "Yes. XYliere':er woman goes."-Evening Sun. All State Teachers College Students Are Cordially Invited To Pfztrouize The T O W S O N D I N E R Best Food and Sandwiches At All Hours 61 1 Y O R K R O A D TOWSON. XIARYLAXD DIAY KYE BE 0F SERVICE? IIIICIISCIIILD K 0 Il N 8 C 0. Baltimore 32 TOWER LIGHT " .nv -gg , 4 ,, ,,, VV W 44 ' '-' -fu . 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"' ,-"4, A - V' ,' ' fp "I M- . --1'-'., . w ' mf- Fl '-.4 'W ,. 4 , ' ,-4.., .-,, - -.5 " 4 4, ' M' T-5":""- 055 -'52 f-X'f"'i- ' ' ..m-"Q, V V - 4 -- 4. 4,,-W: V+., 1. AZN Fx, S Watch the change to Chesterfield DONNA DAE says CHESTERFlELD'S JANUARY GIRL FRED WARING'S PENNSYLVANIANS FORECASTING MORE SMOKING PLEASURE FOR IQ4O Y Wea Change to Chesterfields and y0u'1l get what you want . . . real mildness and better taste. .g , ,Tm MYERS You can't buy a better cigarette. Z6l'LL6U'y 1 60 WET Eiqkf HERE'S ROY CONACHER KNO. 9l. HIGH - SCORING FORXVARD OF THE BOSTON BRUINS, . WORLD E N' ' n 0, CHAMPIONS of '39m IN THIS ACTION SHOT he's come in like a bullet from HE'5 AWAY! He burns up the ice-a spectacu- an express riHe...he takes a pass. But the- opposition's lar solo dash...nimbly he dodges the defense defense stops him-this time. ...draws out the goalie and scores. His hockey's fast and hot! BUT HE SMOKES A SLOW-BURNING 'INQ- cv ,A N - S., CIGARETTE FOR MORE MILDNESS, COOLNESS, AGAIN a furious Hash of speed...a split-second AND FLAVOR of stick magic...and the puck shoots home for the goal that wins the match. Ilubezz ilk easy-chair time uhm' the hockey elljofizlg 11 milder, cooler. more j9'agr1111t, " PEED'S fine in hockey but not in cig- arettes"-Roy, how right you are! Research men may use fancier lan- guage- but they say exactly the same thing about cigarettes. Scientists know that nothing destroys a cigarettes delicate elements of fragrance and flavor so mercilessly as-excess beat, And cigarettes that burn fast also burn boi, Your own taste tells you that. Slow-burning cigarettes dorft burn SPEEDS FINE IN HOCKEY BUT NOT IN CIGARETTES. I LIKE SLOW-BURNING CAMELS. . . TI-IEY'RE MILDER AND coousk qs. :- lzmfrlr. -1011.11-fill!! Roy Comzfber ofthe Bruins and f1I1z'orj?1l I.'I:gl17'E'ffE. .. Camels, of l'0lH'XL'. away these precious natural elements of flavor and fragrance. They're milder, mellower, and-naturally-cooler! And the xlozrext-b1n'r1ir1g cigarette of the 16 largest-selling brands tested was Camelmthey burned 2552 slower than the average of the 15 others. fSee pmzel ar rigbm Why' not enjoy Camel's extra mildness, coolness, fragrance, and fla- vor? And extra smoking equal to S ex- tra smokes per pack. fflgain, eyes rigblfl FOR MILDNESS, COOLNESS, AND FLAVOR SLOW- BURNING COSTLIER Copyright. 1940 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Commun In recent laboratory tests, Camels burned 2557? slower than the av- erage of the 15 other of the larg- est-selling brands tested-slower than any of them. That means, on the average, a smoking plus equal to lic-Twig? EX?RA , +1 gl I SMOKES ...gggmx PER PACK: TOBA CCOS y, Ivinswn-salem, Norm can-:mn R 21 I Ii THE STAFF EDITORS EVELYN A. FIEDLER KATHERINE FEASER RICHARD CUNNINGHARI CHARLES CROSS CIRCULATION MANAGERS Esther Royston Margaret Heck Virginia Roop Norma Gambrill ADVERTISING MANAGERS Elizabeth VVeems Tillie Gold Ieanette Iones Margaret Lowry BUSINESS MANAGERS Yvonne Belt Iohn Edward Koontz DEPARTMENT EDITORS Art Dorothy Snoops Alice Trott Miriam Kolodner Audrey Pramschufer Marguerite VVilSon Humor Katherine Iacob Frances Shores Elizabeth Melendez Science Lee McCarriar Iohn Chilcoat Ianies O'Connor Athletics Henry Steckler Catherine Paula Nolan Chipman Library Elizabeth Zentz Audrey Horner Doris Klank Mary Di Peppi Service Station Ieanne Kravetz General Literature Nannette Trott Irma Sennhenn Patricia Herndon Music Sydney Baker Exchanges Mildred Hainent Faxhions Marie Parr Dorothy Sisk College Events Helen Picck Howard Stottlemyer Mary Brashears Nancy Metzger OW LQXLLIIEHT V01-X111 ff FEBRUARY - 1940 w NO-5 CONTENTS PAGE INTERNATIONAL HUMOR . 2 THE TAIVIING OF THE SHREW . 2 IVIARK TXVAIN,S HUMOR . 4 HAPPY BIRTHDAY TO YOU . . S A HEART DISTURBING CUSTOM , 6 LEAP YEAR . . . 7 COULDNYT IT HAPPEN HERE? . 8 CARTOONING IN BRIEF . 9 WHAT,S IN YOUR NAME? . 10 How TO CURE A COLD . , 11 CAN YOU TELL A IOKE? . , 12 DEMONS OF RENUNCIATION . , 13 NIGHTLIARE . . . , 14 POETRY . , 15 EDITORIALS . . , 16 COLLEGE CALENDAR . . IS COLLEGE NOTES . . . . I9 MEET CHARLES KELLER AND FAINIILY . Z0 SPORTS ..... 21 THE LIBRARY . . , 22 CABIPUS SCHOOL HUIXIOR . . 2-I USO VVHATT' . . . Z5 I SHALL NEVER FORGET . . 26 A SATIRE ON LIFE . . 27 XV INTER INTERLUDE . . ZS IHIUIXIOR . . . 29 ADVERTISEINIENTS . 30 PHOTOGRAPHS . . Lee Mc-Carriar Efii""f"l THE TOVVER LIGHT is published monthly - Ocfobef Calvin Parker ' Catlmine Gm, through june - by the Students of the State Teachers College Iflmes ICU i at Towson, Maryland. . ALICE MUNN - - lIfIaIIagiIIg Editor S150 PER YEAR . . 20 CENTS PER COPY International Humor DOROTHY Srsrc MOST OF the leading nations of today are aware of the fact that humor finds its way into national and in- ternational affairs. Humor, as employed by large papers throughout the United States, is used chiefly to align the American people against anti-American doctrine. Cartoonists on these papers are skilled in the art of bringing out the irony in a situation, of exaggerating the features of prominent world figures and, in general, of giving every important topic a humorous touch. Hitler's familiar moustache has replaced President Roosevelt's broad smile, and who will soon forget the epidemic of cartoons showing "big" Iapan chasing "little" China? Laughter is used to feed grudges, to deepen prejudices, and to foster irritating dissensions. However, laughter is not devoted solely to creating stage lrishmen, Iohn Bulls. Uncle Sams. and to pro- ducing annoying newspaper caricatures, cartoons. and bitter jests. On occasion. genuine humor plays a grate- ful part in relieving international tension and in renew- ing friendship and good feeling. A delightful instance of such took place in 1896 dur- ing the excitement created by President Cleveland's bombshell message on the Venezuelan boundary dis- pute. The summer before, Lord Dunraven. lrish yachts- man, had cut a poor figure as challenger for thelAmer- ican cup. Dunraven had been peevish and had made many baseless complaints. Among other charges he in- sisted that he had lost one race because the swells from the sightseeing boats had slowed his boat down. This poor sportsmanship was deplored in England as well as in the United States. All this was in the public mind when Cleveland's mes- sage startled America and Britain. The papers exploited the affair sensationally. Public feeling reached a high pitch. XV hen the report came that the British Channel Fleet had sailed under sealed orders, the situation grew suddenly tense. At this very critical moment, the Lon- don Stock Exchange sent the New York Stock Exchange the following cable: "XV hen the British fleet sails up the New York harbor, please see that it is not interrupted by excursion steamersf' A roar of laughter burst forth' on both sides of the Atlantic and absurd fears were swept away. Laughter proved to be the successful anti- dote in relieving a serious situation. lt is an accepted fact that all nations have a different sense of the ridiculous. But whatever the truth about the characteristic national types, there can be no doubt that humor is a unifying influence in the life of every social group. large or small. Instant. spontaneous laugh- ter reveals a common background of expression and allusion. of the Shrew ' W Q 6 by YVILLIABI SHAKESPEARE Q! A "shrew" means a gal whose temper is fieryg who is never satisfied with thingsg nagging, peevish, always Ending fault. cYou married guys is got the idea. roughly, ain't you?J Condensed by E. Koontz. with apologies to the author and Munro Leaf. creator of "Ferdinand the Bull." NVE ARE to suppose. with the above in mind. that Katharina. the elder daughter of Baptista. a rich guy of Padua. a dinky little resort near Venice iwoo! woo!j. lNIussolini's territory, was so ill-tempered that she rated being called one of these "shrews." Of course. she might not have been at heart. but she gave everybody that impression, anyway. You see. she'd been spoiled by Mamma and Papa as a kid. and. teachers. you know how habits are formed. This made her an unpleasant com- panion and her chances of being shelved were pretty 2 goodg although all the Village Cut-Ups knew a hunk of dough would go with her. ,bf Quite the opposite to Katharina was her kid sister, Bianca. A beautiful hunk of baggage, gentle and wina some fwhatever that means! in her character. and be- loved by all. so we may be sure there was no shortage of guys giving each other the works in order to grab her' off. Bappy fthat's her Pal let it out that no one was TOWER LIGHT going to get hitched to Bianca before Katharina was first settled in a dump of her own with little feet pattering around. ln the meantime, hc intended his kids to have the best education and advertised for any good tutors who might be recommended to him. fb' Lucentio, a rich young fellow from Pisa, came to col- lege in Padua, as Padua was a college town. Of course, he started out with good intentions to pursue his stud- ies, but after lamping Bianca a few times, he switched pursuits. fi Knowing Bappy wanted tutors for his daughters, Smart-Stuff Lucentio had his valet, one Tranio, whom he could trust fha! halj, to impersonate a rich man from Pisa who wished to date Bianca steady. Of course, -while all the preparations between the Old Man and lTranio were going on, Lucentio hit Bappy at the right imoment for the job of tutor to Bianca. QThese old-time gguys were plenty fast, also had good ideas.j He landed the job and soon took Bianca's mind off her studies. ,inf In the meantime, one of Bianca's other suitors, a gent 'named Hortensio, had enlisted the aid of a screwball friend from Verona, who undertook no less a task than to marry Katharina, and thus leave the other Bimbo free to marry Hortensio. The screwball's name was Petru- jchio, who Shakespeare says was "at once clever, mas- ' terful, high-spirited." See, a screwball. L fff' Petruchio began his love-inaking Qain't that quaint?j by calling her real familiar-like, Kate, This burned her T up, but as that was his intention, he says: "Aw, she's just L 'passing gentle'." Qlf he meant passing the way I could take it to be, l'd have ducked out the nearest alleyway.j Well, she took a few passes at him and he turns right i-around and gives her a few slaps in the kisser and told her he was going to marry her. The Old Man makes his 'appearance and the Screwball tells him real cool like that they were getting spliced the following Sunday. ,bf i' On the fatal morning, Petruchio arrives dressed like a fclown. He believed in "something old, something new. isomething borrowed, and something blue." but he put jthe emphasis on the part about old and borrowed, His ij clothes were old, and he was riding an old broken-down snag that he had snitched from the local riding academy. ji V n 1, 2' it The Old Man, who was a stickler for social standing :land a lot of show: namely, headlines in the Society Col- VFEBRUARY - 1940 . . I l i uinn of the local rag, raised a fuss, Kate threw a fit, but the Screwball stood his ground and thc hitching came off with him in his crazy outht. He even rode the old nag into the living room - pardon me, parlor. Of course, this guy had had a stiff course in psychology and all this comedy was part of his plan for the taining of the Shrew. In the church he cut up something awful, insulting the priest, and kissing Katharina so loudly that the whole place echoed with Vesuvian lushings. He skipped the family frolie and latched off for Verona with Kate sit- ting on his horse behind him. And that was no com- fortable rumble seat. 2' The journey was one long series of screwball antics, and the bridegrooin behaved as if he cared nothing for his bride. QOh, by the way, Petruchio really did get a few offbeats in the cardiac region when he looked at his Kate.j The last part of the journey they had to hike it because Pete whipped the horses into flight. They got to his house feeling as if they had been on a bender for a couple of months and Pete made matters worse by complaining about everything, and throwing things around, especially the servants, who were all acrobats and had been tipped off before what was going to hap- pen to them. 2' Pete kept it up so consistently that Kate didn't have a chance to act up. He was beating her down by cram- ming her own tactics down her throat. Hortensio came in for dinner and Pete decided that they would return to Padua with him Qsee, he wore the pants in the fam- ilyj, promising that they would wear clothes befitting their rank. VV hen the servants brought in costumes for Pete and Kate to choose from, Pete threw them on the Hoor and raised Hail Columbia. VVhen they left, Pete was wearing old clothes and nothing that he had on matched its partner. 2' In Kate's home town, meanwhile Qto be poetiej , Bap- py had promised Bianca would be married to her richest suitor, and this was Tranio, who was playing Lucentio's part, while the latter pretended to be merely the teacher of Latin and Greek. COf course, we know better: neck- ing behind a copy of Homerj Tranio arranged with an elderly stooge to impersonate the father of Lucentio, and got him to give his consent to the wedding. invit- ing Bappy to his bachelor apartment to arrange the mat- ter, while Bianca was to follow with a servant. gThcy were quite hep to traditions and lots of ceremony in those days.j fContinucd on page 303 3 Mark Twain' s Humor Dorus H13NKL1s THE NAME and fame of Mark Twain as America's foremost humorist deservedly towers over all other writ- ers who might claim such a title. Even in his life time his reputation as a humorous genius spread all over the world and his work was translated into many languages. It is unanimously agreed by many critics that Mark Twain far exceeded and surpassed all his contemporaries and predecessors. Born during the period when American comedy was making rapid strides, in 1835. Mark Twain grew up in a small town on the Mississippi - the same region where the Crockett humor had a strong foothold and the tall tale had its beginning. As a young printer, he must have read the newspapers that were so full of comic narratives, he must have felt keenly and admired that spirit of burlesque that was popular. Aside from his using personal experiences as a basis for his wit, it is believed by some critics that Mark Twain used as literary models some of the humorists of the old South. For example, in Blair's Native American Humor, a striking likeness is pointed out between B. P. Shillaber's Partington books dealing with the mischiev- ous Ike Partington, and Clemen's Tom Sawyer. lt is granted that, although Twain, in Tom Sawyer, por- trayed Aunt Polly as a much better characterization than any created by other humorists, he modeled one very similar to Shillaber's Mrs. Partington. There is more than a physical resemblance between these female characters. Both were widows burdened with caring for mischievous nephews. and both had the same idea about patent medicines and the disciplining of their nephews. "The greatest gift of Southwest humor to Mark was the gift of a narrative method so evident in The Cele- brated Iumping Frog story. Again we find this not orig- inal. The tale was an old mining camp story told with variations fseveral timesj in a California newspaper. XVhen Mark told this story he made it his own by em- ploying the effective technique of having an old char- acter, Simon XVheeler. relate the narrative and at the same time reveal many of his characteristics. This tech- nique of employing a narrator was oirginal. but in the subtle revelation of personality it was exactly the style of T. B. Thorpe's Big Bear of Arkansas. of the Sut Lov- ingood yarns and many other old stories. Mark Twain employed an air of innocence and sur- prise delightful for keeping the reader in suspense till the end of his passage. He used successfully most au- thors' favorite tool of exaggeration, although at times 4 he developed his material into forms too fantastic to be amusing .Mr. De Voto, in a study of Mark Twain, char- acterized his style when he said: "He took the humorous anecdote, combined it with autobiographical reminiseenee. and so achieved the nar- rative form best adapted to his mind. In Innocents Abroad. Clemens uses this method. Descriptive passages interrupt the narrative from time to time but its steady progress is accomplished by means of stories. The same framework produces Roughing It, A Tramp Abroad, and Life on the Mississippi." lf it is agreed by critics that early American humor gave Mark Twain his ideas, methods, and materials, we still think his success was due to his own great genius in being able to narrate. characterize. depict accurately, and joke naturally. lust as he is supposed to have ae- quired technique from his contemporaries. so will pos- terity acquire benefits from him, for he has contrib- uted works in American humor that are unequalled and priceless. What Makes Humor? ESTA BABLAN YO U LAY aside a book with a feeling of intense sat- isfaction, still chuckling inwardly at the closing episode. Should anyone question you as to the merit of the book, "C-rand amusement, excellent humor," might be your reply. But few readers can analyze the qualities that go into the making of a successful humorous story. Skillful authors. however. are well aware of ways to evoke both silent laughter and appreciative giggles. The mere naming of a character is often enough to conjure up in the mind's eye a figure ridiculous for some exaggeration of form or manner. or a face bewitching for its umisualness. Charles Dickens was such a master of the art of nomenclature. that we often encounter people who seem the incarnation of those people who graced the pages of his many novels. Once off to a good start. the writer has at his com- mand the invahiable aid of scenery and props. Over-i turning a vase at a critical moment may serve to upset. the dignity of Mrs. Pompous and chalk up another hap- py. though disrespectful. deed for Little Abner. Typical expressions. that fall into that class by con-- TOWER ,LIGHT I l i i stant repetition, are useful not only in identifying an individual, but in making this character truly a "friend of the reader." Sympathetic smiles break through every time the hero of Booth Tarkington's Seventeen moaned "Ye Cods, mother!" and expectant groans of amaze- ment every time his lady-love calls "Ickle-boy, Baxter!!!" Christopher Billopp, of our own day, employs the trait of human nature that makes us willing to tolerate both exaggerations and gross understatements from those we like. In fact, Mr. B. goes one step farther in making his chief character "you," Though we are reluctant to admit it, we are even will- jiing to enjoy time-worn jokes and puns, provided they l are used in a novel manner - "So Pat said to Mike" is I gradually finding its way into the best of literature. Even "slap-stick comedy" is quite often as acceptable in jvwritten form as are subtly concocted witticisms. l S0 there you have it - the writer's "bag of tricks," iRemember, though, that they are the rules of his writ- fing, not of your reading, Keep them in mind only for lthat time when you may seek to use your pen. Continue ireading for the joy of it - and say, did you hear the one labout Mr. Creenwagon and the pony-cart? ,I B' 'ro You: i FRANCES SHORES FE B R U A R Y , S O the encyclopedia says, is the birth- day of some of the world's most famous sons and daugh- ters, Not having the right to contradict a higher author- ity, I shall proceed with what I have to say and let you judge for yourselves. Strangely enough, Dr. XViedefeld's birthday comes on iiGroundhog Day. This does not imply, however, that 'there is any resemblance between the two. But, both of :them do have their sunny and their cloudy hours. Dr. 'Wiedefelcl's optimism about our new gymnasium has brought us to the state where we can see it adorning our :campus - spiritually, if not bodily. Then there are her g.dark hours when we listen to her righteous indignation labout spilled ink and chewing gum wads, lf YVhat now follows will probably rate me a dishonor- jllable dismissal from the TowER LIGHT staff, but they say we have freedom of the press, so if worst comes to worst, j-I shall demand justice from the Supreme Court. Miss lyMunn and Henry VVadsworth Longfellow have birth- uldays on the same date. Since I can find no fitting simile. -I shall, with all due respect to the poet, dedicate the following parody of his poem, f'The Children's Hour," f-to Miss Munn: L l WFEBRUARY . iam fi ODE TO Miss MUNN Between the dark and the daylight, XVhen last night was beginning to lower, Came a pause in my days occupation, NVhieh I christened the Towria Lierrr Ilour. I heard in the corridors 'round me The clatter of overgrown feet, The sounds of doors that were open, And voices far from sweet. My brain was working with misses, Inspiration was not mine, And I began to envy Ilitler XVith his brown shirts on the Rhine. Do you know, my dear Miss Munn, That my head is not at my call, And when I have to write articles, I have no brains at all? In that condition I shall stay forever, Yes, forever and a clay. And if my mind eruinbles to ruin, You shall have to put me away! Another birthday on the date of Longfellow's! Is she like the poet? f'Listen, and you shall hear" Uthe mur- muring pines and hemlocks" and a 'fwhir of wings in the drowsy air" as you stroll on the Audubon Trail. Look, and you shall see a figure, in the late evening, carefully putting out seed for a scarlet friend. Yes, Miss Brown was born in February, too. I need not compare them as authors - surely you don't want me to mention UA Cuide to Student Teaching." But "love of nature" is a fitting comparison. Since Miss Stitzel and Miss Yoder both have birth- days in February, we think it a proper thing to declare a joint holiday for them on an appointed date. At this time the student body will celebrate the occasion by: 1. Refraining from long and loud conversations in the Library. 2. Refraining from using the Library as a lunchrooin. 3. Paying all fees on over-due books. Such a celebration might be so successful that we could try it again before next year rolls around. Dr. Tansil, Miss Roach, and Mrs. Brouwer also have birthdays in February. XVe might offer the following suggestions as a fitting way to spend the day: I. Dr. Tansil - to hold open house for her personal record tiles so we may "see ourselves as others see us." Z. Miss Roach - to allow her classes to be irrespoii- sible for a day. 3. Mrs. Brouwer - to read what Lin Yutang thinks about Hrushingn Americans. Now that all is said and all is done, we wish all of you a happy birthday. You may never get in XVho's W'ho in America, but you will still be our famous "Childrcn." 5 A Heart Disturbing ustom XV H E T H E R and if so, from whom it will come, are often questions which so till our waking thoughts that we are little con- cerned about how such a heart-disturbing custom orig- inated. But upon searching, the writer found that St. Valentines Day has quite an interesting pedigree. OR not we shall receive a valentine, In Rome. before there were any saints or saints' days, there was a festive day in honor of Lupercus, the great wolf destroyer. On that day, Lupercalia, the young peo- ple drew lots to find who would be their partners for the next year. Later, when the heathen festivals were weeded from the Roman calendar, Lupercalia was re- placed by St. Valentine's Day, in honor of St. Valen- tine. a priest who had died a martyr's death in 270 A. D., and whose saint's day fell near Lupercalia. Then, too, St. Valentine was the patron saint of lovers, so some of the Romair customs were kept. However, it is from England that most of the present Valentine Day customs come. The day was adopted in England because on that day the birds were supposed to mate. In that country the sending of valentines was exceedingly popular, for there are records of many which Charles, the Duke of Grleans. composed while he was in prison. There are also, to be found in old collections, valentines to suit people of every profession, from the carpenter to the lawyer. English literature, too, furnishes references to the observance of this day. In Shakespeare's Hamlet, Ophe- lia says: "Good morrow, 'tis St. Valentines Day All in the morning betime And I a maid at your window To be your Valentine." Q Could it have been leap year?j Samuel Pepys' Diary contains reference to the giving of valentines. The cus- tom of the gentlemen giving gifts. accompanied by notes, was quite popular by this time and it is to this that Samuel Pepys refers. A Miss Stuart drew the name of the Duke of Richmond and received a jewel worth about S-l.000. The gentleman whose name she drew the next year gave her a ring worth about Sl.500. The young lady who drew Mr. Pepys' name received some green silk hose. some garters. and some shoe laces. "which pleased the young lady very much." Klrs. Pepys once drew her husband's name for a valentine. and he gave her a ring "made of a turkey stone set with diamonds." Besides the giving of gifts. other customs and super- 6 stitions arose. On the eve of St. Valentines Day the young ladies slept on a pillow on which were pinned five bay leaves - one at each corner and one in the center. If the young lady dreamed of her sweetheart, they surely would be married before the year was over. To make doubly sure that her dream came true, the young lady might hard boil an egg, take out the yolk, fill the hollow with salt, and eat the egg - shell, salt, and all, before going to bed. But she must neither speak nor drink after eating the egg! Q"VVhat fools these mortals be!"j If the young people arose early and snared an owl and two sparrows, they would have good luck for the entire year. In Scotland, the first person of the opposite sex seen on St. Valentines Day was the valentine for the year. As with many other customs, that of sending valen- tines was brought to America and received favorably. In the early part of the twentieth century the Chicago postoflice accepted 1,250,000 valentines, but it rejected 25,000 comic ones on the ground that they were not it to be carried in the mail. fSome we've seen must have been smuggled past the censor.j However, some of the verses were amusing. This one was supposedly written by a New York confectioner: "Young Cupid's choicest sugar plum, .affections purest drop, Your sweetness has no rival In the candies of my shop. "I'll send you some vanilla And I'll make you, love, a neat heart Out of my rarest sugar. If you will be my sweetheart." Here is one written to a teacher: .i I have the nicest teacher- I wonder if she knows it? This valentine I send to her Because I think it shows it." Another said: "You auto be my valentine. I'll never tire of you." And then there was the one signed "Gessa Gen." St. Valentines Day has helped make the history of the world. Here's hoping that this year it makes his- tory for you! TOWER LIGHTL 1 I i I eap Year IVIARGARET ZILLMOR VVIT H FE B RUARY this year, in addition to the I bare trees, the snow storms, the second semester with i l I I I l l its crowded schedule, comes Leap Year. 1940 has many implications for the homo sapiens occupying this ter? rain: to the harassed, it means one more shopping day before Christmas, to naive, unsopliistieated twerps, it affords a time for a reversing of charges Qdatedj, to the more aggressive but less pursued damsels, it is the gold- en opportunity uto catch as catch can", to the fatigued faces which fill the halls of learning, it means one more day until the last day of the last of the semester. But has anyone ever considered how this blight came .upon our current calendar? In our imagination, we've pictured this outstanding, historical event. Pope Gregory III sat in his study and undertook the I- reformation of the Iulian calendar. For countless hours :he worked and after he had, to the best of his ability, ar- aranged the year, systematically into months, there was lone day left over. He tore his hair and gnashed his teeth, ii he groaned and sighed and moaned and cried, but no- I I I I 1 I I 1 I l where would that measly day lit in. Over and over again he asked himself the same question. Couldn't he make some day forty-eight hours long, some day whose joy could be extended? Then, a Great Thought entered his brain like a thunderbolt. Christmas! He would like to make Christmas forty-eight hours long! Everybody likes Christmasiv He thought of the joy this act would bring to the hearts of little children, of the great boom of Christmas sales which would be effected fsince people would have a longer time, they could make more visits and, consequently, would have to buy more giftsj. But soon this thought disintegrated in the mist of oblivion. A Christmas forty-eight hours long every four years wouldn't do at all, he was flooded with a great sense of shame for having conceived such an atrocious idea. Chagrined and defeated, he resignedly looked through his list of months. Then, his eye caught the in- nocent month of February, which contained only twen- ty-eight days. VVith Hendish glee he pounced upon in- nocent February, slighted with only twenty-eight days. There, in that fateful moment, Leap Year was injected into the lives of generations to come. And that, dear fel- low sufferers, is how February happens to have an extra day every four years. I rossed Wires MAR 1011112 LESSENCO Characters - Mr. Sehpriegelhiein ---- A Butcher Sgigilizy? - - - Typical Housewives lScene - The stage is divided into three partitions: The first partition is a butcher shop, the others, the homes of Mrs. Spencer and Mrs. VVoodley, rc- speetively. The telephone bell jingles in the ' butcher shop and Schpriegelhiem takes down the receiver .,.. He is in a very good mood .... There is a broad German smile on his face .... ,bf rSchpriegelhiem - I-Ialloo! Schpriegelhicm's Butcher Shop. Anyting I could do for you? Mrs. XVoodley fspeaking hurriedlyj - This is Mrs. VVoodley talking. Fm in a dreadful rush, IXfIr. . Schpriegelhiem, so please listen carefully, I would it like to order a nice spring chicken, about - - QVFEBRUARY - 1940 I I il Mrs. Spencer-Size fourteen, and in that new beautiful color of green with - - Schpriegelhiem-Vat's dot you sed? I guess I didn't get it ride. VVe don't got vat you vants - I don't tink so, anyway. Mrs. Spencer-Size fourteen, I said, in that lovely sea- bright green. Schpriegelhiem Ctalking to himselfj-Gott, dat voman iss crazy! QTalking into the phonej-Ma'am, ye haf not got vat you vant. Ve don't got a demand for chickens dot color. Maybe you would like a nice steak, huh, maybe? Mrs. VV oodley-XV hat on earth can you be talking about, Mr. Schpriegelhiem? I said I wanted a nice spring chicken. Mrs. Spencer-Yes. buttoncd down the front and - - Sehpriegelhiem Ctalking to himselfj-Gott in himmcl. dat voman iss crazylj fTalking into the phonel- Ve couldn't gif you a chicken buttoned down the front. You vant another delephonc number - ain't it? 7 Mrs. Spencer-WVith deep purple collar and cuffs. Schpriegelhiem-Ve don't dress our chickens. You know dat, Mrs. Voodley - - Mrs. XVoodley-Mr. Schpriegelhiem, I don't understand you .... Have you been drinking? Yes, you cer- tainly have been. I shall tell my husband to send you a check and you'll no longer be bothered with our account. Schpriegelhiein-Please, ma'am! But vill you please or- der again vat you vant und say it plain. I guess my hearing iss bad. Mrs. Spencer-A sea-bright green dress-buttoned down the front and - - Schpriegelhiem-Did you vand it for supper? Mrs. Spencer-Central, who is that crazy German on the line? I'm trying to talk to my dressmaker. VV ill you please tell Mr. Sauerkraut to get off the line? Mrs. VVoodley fexasperatedj - Hello, hello, Mr. Sehpriegelhiem! QShe hangs up.j I'll just have to talk to Mr. Woodley about this. Mrs. Spencer-Hmph! fShe hangs up.j I never thought I'd see the time when I couldn't talk to my own dressmaker. The telephone company will hear about this! Schpriegelhiem the hangs up and turns to his wifej- Lina, don't go near dot phone! Der vire is full mit crazy vimen. Dey vant a green chicken mit collars and cuffs. ouldn' t It Happen Here? CATHERINE GRAY 'TVV AS ON the dark, dreary night of February ll, near a damp, desolate, depressing dale that the dauntless deed of deception came to pass! fAre you in the groove, kids?j To be specific - this bit of nonsense took place at a place called Owson, Aryland - to be more specific, it all happened on the property in and around two as- sociate institutions - Tate Eaehers Ollege and Epherd Ratt. It was some years after Senator Bugg escaped-oops, a mistake! - graduated from Tate Eachers that he took the entrance exams at Epherd Ratt, but suflice it to say that the one followed the other! The senator was one of those hard-working, serious people who gradu- ated with A's and honors and was evidently slated for higher things than teaching. After a few years in poli- tics - culminating in senatorship Qwe told you he was Smartj, it was noticed that he definitely was in need of some more instruction, and the kind that Epherd Ratt could provide. His Hpeculiaritiesu were most striking in regard to several incidents. One day he had the misfor- tune to partially ovcrhcar some people discussing his abilities. He heard: "history of his family . . . and his education ..., Monroe . . . says he is just the person we need." The brilliant senator's mind leaped backward - history. education, Monroe. He jumped from his chair. grabbed a piece of paper and a pencil. He gritted his teeth and furrowed his brow, grinding at amazed on- lookers - "XVell, what chapter do we attack today?" "Canada be he has lost his mind?" punned a by- stander. 8 "Canada," screamed the senator, "History of Educa- tion in Canada, Monday, History of Education in Eng- land, Tuesday, History of Education in Scotland, VVed- nesday, History of Education in France, Thursday - where will it all end?" Another incident occurred while the senator and his friends were walking through a market. A vulgar prole- tarian was telling her oldest child in regard to a young pest, "Clap her on the ears." Again, unfortunately, the V' brilliant mind leaped backward - 'Klapperf' He hop- skipped to a fruit stand, grabbed a basket of nice, red, juicy apples and started to line them along the ledge of a stall belonging to A. S. H. Mosera. So-o-o-o-o, the next day Bugg matriculated at Epherd Ratt! Having received his schedule card and having been introduced to the routine, Bugg was left free to do as he chose. He thought, and he thought, and he thought, and he looked at the Ollege. and he looked. By night he had reached a decision. He felt an urge. He was com- pelled. He was true to his original Alma Mater. In other words, he intended to live a double life - spend the nights at the Ollege and the days as a Ratt - hang it, another mistake! - I mean spend the days at Ratt. One by one the Monroes disappeared: two by two the 136, 7's and l50's vanishedg a whole set of science tests were removed, too. Steadily, Bugg's record at Ratt im- proved as he satisfied his urge, and steadily the atmos- phere at the Ollege cleared, at least for formerly stun- ned students. Someone was evidently on their side! Bells rang when periods were half over! There was a l I 1 i 1 l G TOWER LIGHT., faculty reserve in each students locker every morning! No one was late - because all the clocks were fifteen minutes slow. Day and night Bugg and the students had fun, and day and night the faculty had worries. But things just eouldn't go on without something being done. No one wanted a scandal, so some private detectives enrolled as students. It was beautifully done - no one knew the hide-and-seekers weren't studentsg that is, if they ig- jnored the fact that they wore bowler hats to class and hmoked ropes named A'coronas-coronas-coronas." But lthey never got to third base. It was the senator's wife iwho smelled the er-er-er, who discovered the perpe- jtrator of the crime. QThat's better.j Knowing her hus- jband and putting two and two together when she got lone and a half, she knew it was her husband who wasn't jall there. either. She confronted him. He shook and jwailedz "Dear, you see, I can explain everything." i uSenator Isaac Alphonse Francis Donahue Bugg, where's your sense? This is wonderful. Those students are tickled a variety of colors. VVe'll take advantage of this" - and he was exposed as soon as the extra pa- jpers could be put on the street. Two weeks later - Nope, it's not to the jail house we go, but to Ollege. ll.-I5-Tate Eachers Auditorium. Speaker: Senator I. A. F, D. Bugg. The Speech A'lXIy friends- You are the future voters of this state. You will select your political leaders. XV hen I run for President in nineteen umpty, vote for me and I will not keep you in suspense about my third term. Moreover, I don't make promises. I do first and then appear before you. It was I who removed care and woe from your lives. It was I - -" P51 if Nineteen uinpty. Newspaper heading. "Senator Bugg's Landslide Election!" As head of the Prisoners Education League of Aryland Tate Enitenti- ary, where he is serving a term for illegal entrance and appropriation - - Cartooning in Brief RALPH BARRETT THE IMPULSE to draw is just as compelling as lihe urge to write or compose great masterpieces of lit- erature or music. Cartooning is a phase of this impulse, ind by working in one's spare moments over a period of years, a more or less eiiicient style will result. There is, Wiowever, a fundamental background needed for the art. . I The makers of the comic strips are sometimes incor- lieetly called cartoonists. which is as bad as comparing ilihe slap-stick comedians to the veteran actor, or the bass jtlrum to the violin. It is true, however, that some of the jcomic artists are fine in their interpretations. l. Since this issue deals largely with humor, I shall base any discussion on humorous cartoons and cartoonists. jj The cartoonist uses many ways of stressing his point. ljfxaggeration is the greatest of these. If the subject is jjjmall in stature he is "dwarfed" by the pen. or if he has Eiarge features, they are enlarged. The Roosevelt smile is jjl typical illustration of the exaggeration Affair." The tgjnost famous of the artists that depend on exaggeration features are Tom Titt. james House, Leo Cheney. jvlatt and Edmund Dulac. A few steer clear of exag- lgeration and promote reproduction of physical features I r 5 j'?'EBRUARY - 1940 I I . I I as accurately as is humanly possible, Such a cartoonist is England's David Low, who claims that American art has no originality and that the figure of Uncle Sam is very poor since it does not live up to the ideal of the American people. Some types of cartooning depend entirely on the strength of the drawing and the pose of the subject, par- ticularly the position of the hands. It is possible to cre- ate a most touching effect without using facial expres- sion at all. Such cartoonists are fewg the most famous was Cary. The use of "breathers" or script lines in the cartoon is very striking and should be used whenever possible without ruining the coherence of the picture. It is wise to build your picture around your title. thus giving the cartoon no extra detail, since the more detail you have the less pointed your argument. The exaggeration of action has been for the past four or five years stressed very effectively by the animated cartoons under the supervision of Walt Disney. Now rest. digest these suggestions. and then begin to practice. It's easy! 9 What's In Your Name? ANN FRY HAVE YOU ever wished for a name like those of Father Divine's angels? Perhaps you wanted a name such as Shining Pearl or Heavenly Lily. Be satisfied with your own, for perhaps the meaning of your name is as fantastic as those of the t'Angels.'l But suppose, after investigation, you aren't satisfied with the name your parents bestowed on you. Before taking any legal steps to have it changed, I would advise you to learn the meaning of some names, and choose one fitting your personality. If you are the strong, silent type, you could choose Thaddeus Peter, meaning strong rock. Or if you are God's gift to women - you could change your name to Matthew - gift of the Lord. Possibly your personality is too complicated to be described by these names, if this is the case you could choose "Pliny," about the meaning of which VVebster's Dictionary is undecided. Here is a list of names from which you may choose Aaron-lofty Agnes-sacred Albert-nobly bright Algernon-with moustaehes Allan-harmony Ann-grace Beatrice-making happy Bernard-bold as a bear Calvin-bald Catherine--pure Charles-strong Clarabel-brightly fair David--beloved Donald-proud chief Dorothy-gift of Cod Edward-right guard Eleanor-light Elizabeth-God of the Oath Francis-free George-husbandman Henry-home ruler Helen-light I Ierman-warrior Ichabod-the glory has departed james-gracious gift of God Iohn-a supplanter joseph-he shall add Julius-downy bearded Kenneth-eomely Louis-famous warrior Margaret-pear Mildred-mild threatener Oscar-bounding warrior Paul-little Peregrine-stranger Philip-lover of horses Phyllis-green bough Priscilla-somewliat old Richard-a stern king Robert-bright in fame Rosamond-horse protection Rufus-red-haired Stella-star Stephen-crown Susan-lily Theresa-carrying ears of corn Thomas-twin Valentine-strong XValter-powerful, warrior XVilliam-helmet of resolution Zephaniah-the Lord hideth 0 This Interviewing Business DAVID H. NELSON NEVER AGAIN. I won't do it. I absolutely refuse to interview. preview, review, Belle Vue or parlez-vous. I'll quit before accepting another assignment such as this one. Even when the editor gave his directions, a strange presentiment warned me to rebel. However. I swallowed my pride, my Adam's apple and a plug of chewing to- bacco, and proceeded on my reluctant way to the home of that eminent English scientist, Sir F. I. Knott. As I walked. I contemplated the situation with none- too-pleasant feelings. XVhy did I ever run away from homei: just to become a journalist and be a slave to every whim and fancy of a scheming editor? Angry though I was. I saw the folly of remaining so. Hap- pily my innate joviality began to assert itself. By this time, I had reached 65th Street and my disposition was much improved. But as the journey was long, I had to stop at the corner drugstore on 90th Street to replenish my spirits. Once again feeling 'ale and hearty, I con- Ed, Note - By "home" he means the "Th-Xin't a Saint in the Place Home and Reformatory for Refractory juveniles," 10 tinued my trek, with no further interruptions, to the very door of my prospective interviewee's home. Strangely enough, I had lost my resentment at having- been assigned the lowly job of interviewer. In fact, I was feeling pretty rum. Confidently stepping forward, I rang the doorbell. Did you ever ring a doorbell? Did you ever wring a neck? Did you know that one good turn deserves an- other? Did -, Ah! But I hear someone approachingf XV ho could it be but the butler? , I was greeted by a pleasant. cultured Oxonian accent as the portal sesamed before me: "Yeah?" Slightly taken back by such eordiality. it took me a few moments be- fore I managed to say: i 'AIS Sir Knott in?" f "XVho wants to see him?" I could see out of my gooe left eye that he was a fine specimen of manhood. XVitk my slightly befogged right eye I could see that he war? waiting for my answer. "I'm Hart, of the Daily Circulator," I replied, "I ani to interview Sir Knottf' TOWER LIGHT I i I "I see. If you'll step into the reception room, I'Il call 2 Sir Knott." Thanking the butler, I stepped into the room as he I shut the door and left to find the scientist. Before I had 1 j time to become acquainted with the room, another man j entered from the doorway through which I had just j passed. He was a tall, well-built, blond individual with I an air of confident precision. Perhaps he also was a re- porter wishing to interview Sir Knott. Better find out. "Do you mind telling me who you are?" I asked. "Sir Fennleigh Knott," he answered in a pleasant 3 voice. l "Well, what is it?" 5 UI told you." l "You did? You think I'm crazy?" 2 HSir Fennleigh Knott," came the emphatic reply. j QWhat's the matter with this guy? I thought. He Q must be nutty or somethingj "Sir Fennleigh Ima Knott," came the astonishing re- n mark. , "Ah, there you are, sir." The butler had returned. V "I've been looking for you. I see that you and this gen- iltleman have already met." He started to leave. I "just a moment, Meadows. There is a misunderstand- ning here. NVill you please introduce us properly?" You eould have knocked me over with a brick when .- I found what this guy had been trying to tell me. VVell, . he was pleasant enough about it and said that we all I make mistakes, though it's too bad that some people jf make it a habit. . In a few minutes I explained the purpose of my visit. I "I see," he said. 1'You want a story which might be jf' termed a 'Scientist's Dayf VVell, here goes." is The nightmare that followed is too wearisome to de- scribe in detail. In the true spirit of scientific revelation, this Knott proceeded to verify the fact that at precisely sixty seconds past ll:S9 P. M. of the previous night the clock struck twelve, thereby starting the present day. To prove this he phoned Greenwich, New York, Chicago, San Francisco, Tokyo, and Moscow. He recorded these various times. Then he calculated the distances between these places and London, made corrections for the change in times due to varying longitude, and estab- lished the fact that it was IZ olcloek at midnight. In a similar way, Sir Fennleigh related everything he did that day from midnight up until the time he met me. First he made a statement. Then he gathered his material and data and drew a conclusion. Finally he verified his conclusion. That may be the modern way of doing things: pre- cisely, accurately, scientifically. But I want to guess about some things. I want to take some things for granted. If I like a girl, I don't want to investigate why I like her. I might find out that the only reason for liking her is the possibility of borrowing her brother's ear. Did you ever try tasting poison? You probably never tried it again. You probably never tried anything again? That's the way I feel about this interviewing business. I don't want to try it again. I might meet up with a XVat- son or a VVallenstein or run into a VVallen Graek-Up. I don't want to be an interviewer. I want to be a journalist, a writer like Lincoln or Greeley. Although I do disagree with Greeley, I think the well-bred young man should go yeast, all the others may go XV est. Ed. Note -- I hope he never tries writing agnn tl I-low to Cure a Cold I 'z Ti I .NOXV THAT the "season of mists and mellow fruit- fulness" has come once again, many of us are looking for- ,iward with dread to the colds which are certain to be our jjafflietion. That man in this enlightened age must cringe in fear is most unfortunate but. nevertheless, true: for. I heretofore, the medical profession has failed to find a jf-remedy for this distressing malady. At last, however, the 7j1forces of darkness have been vanquished, and the reign jjof light is at hand. From hours of toilsome and tireless jjreseareh I have devised an infallible cure and, in the ljname of science and the spirit of Hippocrates, I present jit to humanity. ljiFEBRUARY - 1940 I Li '1 ALLEN O'NE1LL In giving directions I shall remember that no doubt the reader, out of sheer magnanimity. will wish to use this cure first on someone other than himself. At the first sneeze have the patient take one-half a litre of three-year-old rye whiskey. If a good brand is used, the patient should not have to be coaxed: hut. if a personal prejudice is involved. the rye may be changed to Scotch. XVhen the eyes of the patient begin to cross. he will be ready for the next treatment. In a bowl marked number one, crush together ten tablets of aspirin. six of bromo-quinine. four of alka- seltzer, and thoroughly mix with this three tablespoons 11 of Baker's best bicarbonate of soda. In another bowl. marked number two. pour eight ounces of castor oil. To the mixture slowly add three and three-quarter ounces of paregoric. the juice of six lemons. and four ounces of sloe gin. To reassure the timid, here let me say that in the following procedure there is absolutely no danger of explosion. Quickly pour the contents of bowl num- ber two into bowl number one. shake twice. and decant the mixture into the sick ones mouth before he begins to doubt the benignity of your purpose. As soon as the last drop has been swallowed. or per- haps sooner, the patient will have the desire to run. This desire is normal. healthy. expected and should be en- couraged until two miles are covered at top speed. XValk or carry the patient home, and let him soak for two hours in water exactly one hundred and sixty-two de- grees F. Hoist him in front of an open window and urge him to scratch his ribs and utter loud shrieks. The last- mentioned treatment is of immense psychological im- portance. By this time there should be no difficulty in convinc- ing the patient that the best place for him is bed. Lay him abdomen down, and with a twenty-ounce rubber mallet beat deftly' and rhythmically once on the first vertebra. twice on the second. three times on the third, and so on until all the vertebrae have been adjusted or a peculiar crunching sound is heard. Any objections of the patient can be overcome by a few sharp cracks on the base of his skull. Pile six woolen blankets, one com- fort. and two quilts on the patient. being careful not to cover his head. and let nature do her work. XVe must remember that it is nature who healsg we can only do our best to help. Can You SO YOU'VE heard a joke? So what? No doubt sev- enty-five per cent of the student body has already heard it. But don't let that stop you! Oh, nog go right ahead and pick out some long-suffering friend and get the foul thing out of your system. However. before you start. here are a few pointers on how to tell jokes and amuse punsters. At the head of the list of the most disliked jokesters is the person who tries to tell a joke that is so scream- ingly funny he can't control himself long enough to tell it. He starts off. "Oh. Ioe. ha! ha! ha! hal. have you heard - oh. gosh. it's funny: it's a scream. ha! ha! ha! YVait'll you hear it!" So you patiently' wait until the laughter subsides a little and he is able to go on again. "XYliy did - why did - ha! ha! ha! - the chicken cross the road?" And he goes off into another spasm. Grit your teeth. assume a martyr's expression. and try very hard to get a little chuckle ready. Then. between gasps for breath to replenish his exhausted supply. you hear that just screamingly funny reply. 1'Because Robert Taylor was on the other side. Ha! ha! ha!" Keep calm: even- tually he will notice that the answer didn't make much impression on you and will start to explain, The person who tries to explain a joke is as detestable as the person who can't tell one for laughing. because he not only has a low sense of humor. but insults your in- telligence as well. Very gently he begins. "Now. listen- 12 ji3ANETTE ULRICH ell a Joke? Robert Taylor is handsome. see?" and looks earnestly at you while you nod wearily. "And chicken is a slang word for girl, understand? He searches your face anxiously for signs of a light breaking and finding none, exclaims desperately, "XVell, don't you get it? Gosh. you're dense!" Tearing his hair. he goes through the explana- tion again. Giving up in disgust he walks away mum- bling something uncomplimentary about your sense of humor. Congratulate yourself that your perseverance for a half-hour will save you from many such tortures at the hand of this particular fiend. The most tantalizing of jesters is the one who comes up and says he has a brand new joke to tell you. Of course. you only have his word for it. but the least you can do is to listen politely. "XVliy' is an elephant like a kangaroo?" XVell. it sounds new: so. joyously. you ask, "I don't know - why is an elephant like a kangaroo?", hoping that at last you will be one of the first to hear a new joke. "Oh, goodness! XVhat do you know about that? I've forgotten the answer!" Here is a good situation for :L justifiable murder but remember that there is still a chance as long as he is alive. 4 "jimmy told it to me just a half-hour ago! lsn't that! disgusting? Now I'll have to find him to let him tell it to me again! Gee, I'm getting a short memory!" The things you think about such a person are unprintableg TOWER LIGHI ! he is the kind of brute who would hold a piece of candy out of reach of a baby until the poor thing screamed his head off. Creating suspense with a joke is unpardonable and the thought that you may go through eternity with- out ever knowing the points of similarity between an elephant and a kangaroo is enough to give you nervous prostration. A joke sure not to get a laugh is one with no point to it whatever. ln fact, it isn't a joke usually but only a weak pun, or a play on words. A horrible example is: UDid you hear the story about the three men?" And the equally horrible answer is, "He, he, he." The most discussed problem in the United States, next to the unemployment problem, is what to do with both the people who invent, and those who tell, such trash. To add insult to injury, there is a group who make 'up long narrative stories and when they can't think of a suitable ending add something like, "And so to this j! day nobody knows what happened, but we do. don't wwe?" Of course. we don't, but you just can't do anything about this type of individual. VV e have still to found an iinstitution for them. Many articles have been written about people who try to tell of situations that can't possibly be humorous unless you were in them. But the situation made such an impression on him that hc comes up and begins en- thusiastically, "Say, you should have been ice-skating with us last night! YVe were teaching Charlotte, and you know how she is! lf you had only seen her when she first stood up on the ice!" Now, to really appreciate the story, you have to be in the mood and be willing to work your imagination overtime. But as he continues and tells you at great length, with all the minute details, of how they taught Charlotte to ice-skate, your interest begins to wane. If you are not careful, you may find yourself yawning in his face. The narrator usually ends up, t'0f course, you really should have been there! I can't tell you how funny it was!" The best thing to do is manage a smile. no matter how weak, and say that you're sorry you missed the fun. The most odious jokester is the one who has no taste, or very poor taste at least, when it comes to telling jokes. A joke is a joke to him, no matter when, where, or with whom. An icy stare usually covers the situation, but if it doesn't, it only proves that-well, it just proves what l've said and think of jokesters. Demons of Renunciation I XVILLIALI IETT THE ART of refusal is practiced so extensively by ,man that it may well be classified as a reflex. People fre- iquently refuse so realistically that they convince others jl that they actually mean it - thousands of persons are i fooled in this manner annually. A commonplace exam- Hple of this phenomenon is the proffering of candy be- , tween children. One child asks another if he will have ja piece of chewing gum, while the child asked irnme- lgdiately begins to fumble and hesitate, answering sheep- j, ishly that he doesn't know. VVhereupon, the benefactor ,insists on acceptance, for he knows that his victim is ibsuffering between the evils of greed and desire. Cases of refusal among children have a very low percentage of fjsuccess, since the refuser is inexperienced, not to men- if tion unwilling. l Adults. however, present a harder problem after the ,i age of thirty. At this stage of the game, grown-ups have I passed the exuberant period, and desire only three or ffour cups of tea instead of a bathtub full of lemonade. QlTheir artifice and calculating renunciations crack the amost persistent offerer. A simple illustration may be l.FEBRUARY - 1940 i l il cited when two mature adults dine out. Mr. and Mrs. A are dinner guests of Mr. and Mrs. B, so, when every- one has partaken of an appreciable volume of food, lo and behold! the table suddenly becomes overladen with groceries. This incident, never doubt. was no chance happening, but deliberately planned by Mrs. B. who immediately seeks to make eating miserable for Mr. and Mrs. A. Says Mr. B, "Come now, have some more steak. Here, have some potatoes, theyre delicious." Mr. and Mrs. A, who are both satisfied, reply in uni- son, "Really, I don't care for any more. You shouldnt have gone to so much trouble for usf' This is a bad counter attack, since the B's only try to prove that noth- ing is too much for Mr. and Mrs. A. and Mrs. B then waxes eloquent in her attempt to ambush the A's. After some inimites of combat, Mrs. A puts an end to the whole affair by stating, "But my dear, didn't you know that Mr. A and I are both on a dict. Not too many cal- ories or carbohydrates. you know." Ah, this is the su- preme triumph, for Mrs. B knows as well as you and I that nothing can swerve Mrs. LContinued on page Ql I 13 N e NOI,AN CHIPIVIAN The Place-The lXIen's Room at S. T. C. The Time-You pick the time. The Setting-QTO put yourself in a receptive moodj : Read Grapes of Vlfrath. See the movie, 'AHurricane." Hear "Gang Busters." Let's listen to a group lounging in that far corner: "Listen, bright boy, do you realize what kind of ma- terial we'll have after February?" "Sure, the team will have one more handicap." "The ball club isn't going badly, though." l'No, it isn'tg anyhow, I'm sleepy" Qyawnj. A monotonous voice drones the length of the room: "VV ho wants to sell a car token?" No reply. Coach Minnegan walks in, "Have any of you gentle- men seen Marty?" 'AYea, Coach, he went upstairs to practice the piano," answers a classmate in a quivering voice. Several men exchange glances akin to consternation, and mutterings of "Allah be praised" drift through the room. 'fAll right, I'll see him later," says Coach, and nods approvingly. Monotonous voice drones again. 'fSay, whose gotta extra car token?" No reply. A group seated under the mirror is conversing. "D--n, next year we'll have Mr. Moser's math, mu- sic practicum, botany, history, and I'll probably repeat music elements. Oooohhh! Man, it makes me groggy to think of it." "Me too. Cimme a cigarette. Are you still smoking Camels? O. K., O. K. Yea, I'm crazy about them. Thanks! Cot a match, too? Thanks! Now, I still say Camels - -" Lerner breezes in with brown brief ease trying to hold the pace. 'ADoes anyone of you gentlemen find it expe- dient at this time to allow me to purchase a car token?" "Yea, here's one." Monotonous voice intervenes. "I asked you first." "I know, but doesn't someone have to keep Lerner quiet?" 'I guess so," drawls monotonous voice, and resumes chant with rising crcscendo, 'fListen. men, I've gotta have a car token." No reply. By the tablc near the radiator a group is gathered. First Soph-'fListen, mates, I need a date for our dance." Second Soph-UDate! Man, you've got two more days." Third Soph-"Don't worry, you can't do any worse than you did last time." 14 First Soph-f'Listen, that girl wasn't as ugly as you think. I've seen worsef, Third Soph-"Me too! But where?" Monotonous voice drones in the room again. 'Tm not joking, it's snowing. I can't walk the first fare. How about a car token?" Still no reply. Second Soph-UNO kidding, are you boys sending flowers?" Chorus-"VVhat!" "The man's demented." "Boy, do you feel well?" Bright Soph-"Gentlemen, I'd send flowers if I wasn't so susceptible to hay fever." Small books and someone's Science Activity fly in that direction. Far to the other end of the room, by the blackboard, there is the most animated group of all. Laughter is sub- siding. "Listen to this one. VVhy can't lightning strike a street-car?" Pause. 'Because the motorrnan is a non-con- ductorf' A few smiles registered. "VVasn't bad for a clean joke." "No, I rather liked it the first nineteen times that I heard it." "Listen, here's one. Confucius says - -" Monotonous voice has risen to shrill Crescendo: "VVill somebody please sell me a car token?" A Senior from a reclining position on a red-leathered chair innocently raises his eyebrows. "Why didn't you tell me that you wanted to buy a car token?" Owner of monotonous voice throws his hands to heav- en and sinks to the gray floor in a heap. fb' COURAGE IRMA SENNHENN xr wr Farewell, farewell to all my friends, The maiden sadly sighed. I dread to leave. yet there's no hope. I may no longer bidef' rr 1. I must go forth to meet my Fate," The damsel bravely said. And though she shook and wept with fear, She still marched right ahead. Her friends. in silence. watched her go. They could not lend a hand. - For all alone shc had to do The tasks that Fate had planned. l And o'cr the group a great hush fell f For courage so far-reaching. And bravely she went forth to meet Her nine weeks' student-teaching! TOWER LIGHTI1 l PGETRY ABOUT ME I,11l very ordinary, Heavens above- I'm not the least bit unusual- But he doesn't think so-with me he's in love- Which accounts for his state so 'fconfusialf' He writes of my lovely soft curly brown hair, He writes of my knowledge prolific- If anything's wrong with me he doesn't care- He's not the least bit scientific. So I'll show you the poem he wrote about me, Understand the strange words if you can. You'll End that I'm wonderful and you'll certainly see The weird effect love has on man. "TO HER FROM ME" There's many a poem or verse or sonnet Inspired by nothing more fair than a bonnet, So, thinking me thus, I determined forthwith To compose me an ode to a very "Mitli," Whose beauty is known wherever she be And dazzles the eyes of all who can see. Her name, as you may or may not have guessed fAnd one which too often is taken in jestj, Begins with a --, and ends with a --. At the very grave risk of being thought bold, I follow with glee the temptation to raise My feeble voice to sing her praise. From the tip of her toes to her curly, brown hair, She's without dispute the fairest o' the fair. VVith a figure and face to put Venus to shame. She's Modesty itself-but if not, who could blame Such a lovable lass for failing to hide A bit of sincere, justifiable pride? VV ith a happy smile and a word of good cheer, She reveals her joy at just being here, For life to this maiden's a joyous game, Yet serious enough at times just the same: And, while she's pretty, she's a clever girl, too, VVho's equalled by some but surpassed by few. FEBRUARY - 1940 So I count myself lucky in being her friend, And luckicr still, as l'll always contend, For having her feel as she docs about me- As you know, two is comp'ny, and we're not three. In as many different ways as thcrc are kinds of jello I lift my voice in a rousing UHello!" Now it makes me as happy as happy can be, To send all my love to her, from me. ABOUT ME You must think mc hard-boiled, unfceling and coldg You must think me so unromantic or old. But the stuff that I write him Qand it must be toldj VVould drive even Neddie Sparks frantic. So if l've a lesson to teach, it is this. That love is a state detrimental To intelligent action-but for bliss of a kiss I'd rather be senti than mental. -f' JUST ONE MORE MAN PATSY HERNDON Yes, there he is, surrounded- There are men to left and right, In his heart the cry of battle- On his face no trace of fright. And not the least undaunted He plunges through the line. "I mustg I'm going to do it!" QHe's the big, heroic kind.j He's heading straight across the Field, His footwork is supreme, He dodges one man - there he goes! fHe's every maiden's dream.j He sidesteps neatly one more man And stares him in the eye. "I will, no matter what the cost, 'Tm going to do or die!" just one more man stands in his way- His task is almost done. He dodges wcarily, and then He cries: 'Tye won. l'ye won!" He stumbles, tired. OH the field And meets some fellow man, He says, in voice that's full of pain. f'I'll never dance again!" 15 SUCH A LIFE! johnny pulled Susie's pig-tail. And Billy untied Sara's boot: Frankie insists upon running - 1There's some kids in my class I could shootlb Today Shirley tattled on Betty And Sally talked all during art. They quarrel and giggle and chatter. I wonder if they really have hearts. Now. Tommy's a dear. as any can see: And little Marie is a peach: But Ierry's a diilicult problem for me: And he's one of "the children" I teach. I had vision of leading "the children" To a wide and "unknown realm." I think it is I who am guiding the ship- But "the children" are now at the helm. u And whether the course be a smooth one, Or whether it's decidedly not- In spite of who's steering the school bark. TRIBAL CHANT OF A COLLEGE GIRL PATRICIA HERNDON I shall have a taste of glory- I shall write a famous story- I shall blind the eyes of nations with my fameg All the world will wait to greet me- Kings and Queens will want to meet me- Ev'ry woman, man and child will know my name. Or perhaps the stage will claim me: "Second Bernhardtu they will name me. I will be the greatest actress ever known. All my plays will run forever NVith their brilliance fading never- And for me. the brightest banners will be flown. I might even turn my talents Toward the Arts - Idesign and balancelg I shall paint as well as XVhistler ever could. And the fame of my creations Shall be spread throughout the nationsg I am sure that Rubens' works aren't half as good. But I'm filled with disillusion, I I Gnd myself oft on a "spot," 1 And I've come to one conclusion: But then I reflect on my childhood 1For I can't do all the things I've said I canl And remember some deeds I have done- Being famous is a bother. ' No - I can't say I was such an angel. S0 I'll be a help to father So I say. "Yes. they will have their fun." And I'll go and try to find myself a man! ON HUMoR 1 I HARRH' Russizrr. l PREVIOUS TO writing this article I read some of cient. In fact. I would not be a bit surprised if some of the stories that composed a book entitled Native Amer- the stories told here in college did not date back to ican Humor 11800-IQOOI. Possibly some of you are thinking that this is the source of some of the stories I tell. but I assure you that none of my stories go as far back as ISOO. The idea of all this reading is to attempt to compare the old American humor with that which is rampant in State Teachers' College at present. So. as one needs a basis upon which to make a comparison. the point upon which I base this one is that both are an- 16 Confucius. The book is written about the humor that was prev- alent in different sections of the country during the aforementioned time, and I shall try to show you how this old humor is similar or dissimilar to the "old" hu- mor of this college. This may not be possible. however. because many of the stories in the book were funny. The tales that came from the Down East section of TOWER LIGHT J Il I our country are long and in letter form. The humor lies in the expressions used and the things they wrote about. Most of the anecdotes were about some one's troubles regarding political issues. Towson stories are short but it is still harder for one to try to find the hu- mor in them than it is in the New England tales. The other large section of the book is devoted to the tales that typify the old Southwest. These are mainly devoted to telling stories about human exploits in the days "when men were men" and didn't have anything else to do but sit around and tell tall stories. Anyone in the present who told such stories would win a charter membership in the Liars' Club. These stories would win hands clown from any of those told here at our institu- tion, which you should take as a compliment. Many are wondering. perhaps, as to what this article is all about. It is simply written as a warning to those who have great aspirations to become famous humor- ists. I do not think that anyone will ever write a book about Towsonian humor. So the only way to have your stories recorded is to sneak them into the 'l'owER Lieirr when the editors are not looking. How else do you think this got into this issue? ON EDITORIALS GEORGE LICHTER AN E DITORIAL may be defined as a piece of ex- position presenting faet and opinion for the purpose of entertaining. of influencing opinion, or of interpreting significant news in such a way that its importance to the average reader is made clear. In its larger sense. an ed- itorial consists of an interpretation of events viewed from the standpoint of certain definite principles or policies adopted or advocated by the newspaper publishing it. Interpretation of events and issues is vitally needed. In the very multiplicity of news. in its vortex of whirl- pools, currents. and cross-currents. readers. unaided by the opinions and interpretations of experts, are lost. VVitness the murk in the average voter's mind when he goes to the polls to vote for twelve or fifteen out of a hundred candidates for office. He has had news about every candidate whose name appears before him in the voting machine. The major three or four he knows. but he is at sea as to the merits of the others. He needs the guidance of an unprejudiced. informed mind that has made a business of investigating the respective merits of office seekers. Such a one is. or should be, the editor, the provider of news about the candidates. Thus. with other questions of public policy. with problems of school buildings. city playgrounds. new highways and hundreds of other moot issues presenting themselves annually for general discussion and intelligent solution. VVhether one regards entertainment as a legitimate function or not depends on one's interpretation of the word entertainment. Many readers are entertained by any FEBRUARY - 1940 written composition that presents a novel idea or stim- ulates one to thought. Others demand humor. pathos. or other emotional appeal. Mentality and education may prove to be the determining factors in one's inter- pretation of the term. The purpose of these Hhuman in- terest" editorials is to lure the less thoughtful reader to the editorial column and at the same time to lighten the tenseness of abstract thought and argument within the column. A modicum of information or ethical preach- ment usually is present in such editorials. but enter- tainment may be their sole purpose. The editorial column belongs to the editor to con- duct as he understands and interprets the day's sig- nificant news. The news columns are the possession of the readers. Presentation of unbiased news there, all the news, is their demand and right. Numerous readers may pay no heed to whether the news they read is colored or uncolored. They may even want it warped according to their particular political. religious, or national bias: they are the non-reflective, einotion-controlled herd. The thinking element of present society want all the facts from which to draw their own conclusions. They want the editorial column to turn to for verification. and from which to gain knowledge of the opinions of others. IN-'Iany times these opinions modify the ideas of the reader. If an editorial interprets the news, expresses an opin- ion based on facts. or entertains. it fulfills its function. 17 CCLLEGE CALENDAR January 8, 1940 - HELEN HIGGINS, HARPIST A friend of Dr. Tansil's, Miss Helen Higgins. gave a harp concert at the Convocation on Monday, Ianuary S. Miss Higgins is instructor of harp and harmony at Stevens College. Columbia. Missouri. Miss Higgins played a varied selection of short num- bers. ranging from the period of the classicists down to that of the niodernists. The latter were represented by a composition of Salzedo's, the famous harpist. This modern composition caught the fancy of the audience with its clever effects. produced by the player's hand rapping upon the framework of the harp. The numbers from the classic period were more charming, perhaps. and to the writer more satisfying musically. Music of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries with its deli- cacy, running melodic patterns. and short, rhythmic figures, is well suited to the harp. It is music which pro- vides an artist with ample opportunity to display a facile technique and a grasp of musical phrase that tests and proves musicianship. Miss Higgins' control of these two factors was pronounced. Short phrases were marked by clarity and delicacy of nuance, while the unity of the entire composition. with its interlocking of phrases. was sustained throughout. An interesting feature of the concert was the part in which Miss Higgins collaborated with College students. In one of these selections Miss Higgins accompanied a violin solo played by Eugene NVebster. In the second she joined the harp part with that of piano and violin to accompany a song by a group of girls from the Glee Club. It is to be hoped that Miss Higgins will include the Towson Teachers College on her Christmas concert itinerary again next year. 2' AN IMPORTANT ASSEMBLY ADDRESS BY DR. NVALTER H. JUDD: "CHINESE AFFAIRS" . Reviewed by NANETTE TROTT The war in the Far East has set an all-time high for barbarity and ruthlessness. Over 2.000.000 soldiers have been killed or have died of wounds during the last two and one-half years of battle. But this is not all! Thickly populated slum districts of the city have been bombed mercilesslyg helpless. utterly defenseless civilians have been attacked without compassion and with disregard 18 of age or sex. Indeed, the most authentic sources show that the Iapanese attacked women and, through them, the most basic of China's institutions, the home. XVe Americans are the unofficial but indispensable partners in lapan's crime. Few Americans realize that S0 to 90 per cent of Iapan's imported war materials come from the United States and cannot be purchased elsewhere. For example, 90 per cent of Iapan's aviation gasoline is Americang over 90 per cent of Iapan's scrap iron and steel comes from us. japan has continued her war with American-made planes which are repaired with American-made parts. Do we realize that one-third of Iapans bombs are made of our scrap-iron and other materials? In addition to humanitarian reasons. an embargo on the sale of all supplies which will aid Iapan in the con- tinuation of her attack on China would help the United States in a very real materialistic way. Our greatest de- sires today are peace and security. Yet we continue to help Iapan wage a war which will stop our access to the foreign markets of China, our largest foreign cotton pur- chaser. XVe shall then, by such means. make a further economic problem for ourselves by building and strengthening a competitive Iapan to destroy us. Our part as alert American citizens and members of a world society striving for peace should be twofold. First. we should boycott Iapanese goods - silk for stockings and ties. tuna fish. pottery. and novelties - and second, we should use our rights of freedom of speech, writing, and assembly to influence our Gov- ernment. XVrite to your Congressmen. the President, and the Secretary of State. Urge them to stop sending supplies to Iapan by passing an embargo act. To be sure. there would be many risks in placing an embargo on a war trade to Iapan. but we must realize our risks now as well as in years to come if we continue to support Iapan's attempt to build up an invincible military. naval. and economic empire. ,4-er' january 10, 1940 - LOOK BEFORE YOU LEAP The Student Christian Association recently brought to its members one of its most informing and entertain- ing speakers of the year. Dr. Bowman. of the Church of the Brethren. XVash.. D. C. Dr. Bowman selected as a title "Look Before You Leap." a very appropriate topic for this leap year. In his lecture he discussed what he thought made for happy marriage. Some of his main points were. briefly. these: Develop the ability to be agreeable to other peo- TOWER LIGHT ple. Make them want to be with you - not as Benja- min Franklin's friends sometimes were - happier when he was absent. f'There are sins of omission," said Dr. Bowman, "and sins of commission, but the great- est of all are the sins of disposition." Acquire a good sense of humor and develop unsel- fishness. Above all, set a high value on yourself and manufacture good wearing qualities. Set up high standards for yourself and consciously work toward achieving those goals. You will naturally expect the same qualities, then, in the person you choose for your husband or wife. Select persons who have standards, ideas, and ideals similar to your own if you would be happy, In order to be life comrades, people must have harmonious personalities. Mates should be well balanced in chronological, mental, and emotional ages. Consider whether or not you are financially able to marry - the husband should be able to support his wife in reasonable comfort, However, many could get more out of life on less money. Mr. and Mrs. Newlywed can not expect to start life where their parents left off, either. Though money is important, it is not the most important thing. There are some who prefer a man worth Sl00,000 who doesn't have a cent to one who had SlO0,000 and wasn't worth a cent. Select a vital religion which will become a working part of the lives of both persons involved, but not the kind of religion of the man who thanked Cod for send- ing his wife a job so he could stay home to read the Bible. Dr. Bowman pointed out that all is not fair in love and war. In order to have a happy marriage there must be love, adjustment, and religion. ls that your pattern for living? 2' january 15, 1940 - FOUNDER'S DAY ASSEMBLY Founder's Day Hymn - - - By the Student Body Psalm Z4 ----- - - - Carolyn Tucker Unto Us a Son ls Born - - - - Orchestra Review and Preview - - Dr. Vlfiedefeld Salvation is Created ---- - Clee Club Christ of the Snow ----- - - Glee Club Lo! How a Rose E'er Blooming - - Ieanne Group Dr. Wfiedefeld spoke of the progress our institution has made since our infant days. However, some of Dr. Newell's philosophy has left its impress upon his pro- fessional child, and our aims today reliect some of his of yesterday. May we continue to grow! FEBRUARY - 1940 COLLEGE NOTES ORCHESTRA PERSONNEL SIBY1. DAXYIS 'AVVell, if you do not have enough room, you can leave your second violins home. can't you?" someone once asked Miss Prickett. Leave the second violins home? Never! VVithout them the effect of the Orchestra would be lost. It is the group which very frequently indicates the harmony through a change in the chords, and points the way of the melody. lf the second violin section were small, one would have to arrange the seating to give them the advantage or transfer to the second section some of the first violinists. i bl. The Wright: Btllllf' Rector Picelq Hzzblm Similda Schwcir1sberg's picture not included. Nor is the second violin part easier than the first. VVhile it is not necessary for second violinists to play with facility the higher positions, they, to do their job well, must play with precision in both time and tone. Since their part is usually an accompanying part. those who play second violin must listen consistently and sub- ordinate their playing to the lead part or parts. Some- times a composer, if he prefers an alto melody to that of a soprano one, will write a tune in the second part. thus giving the second violins the leading melody. In our Orchestra are many players in the second vi- olin section who are capable of playing the lirst violin part. Most of them played first violin in their respective high school orchestras and were members of the All-City and All-Maryland Orchestras. Have you made their ac- quaintance yet? ,ex OUR STUDENT COUNCIL JEANNIC KR.xvra'rz Our Student Council is growing and expanding its functions. A few years ago it hardly was mentioned. hardly noticed. Now l think it is on the way up to bc- coming a useful. worthwhile help in thc hands of the students of the College. In its new program of coordinating all the activities 19 rd that take place in the College, a feeling of high esteem and regard for it is growing. This is as it should be. XVe are students in a democratic school. XVC should make democracy work for us. XVe can do this by making our- selves heard - voicing our opinions, discussing our dif- ferences. Democracies cease to work when we sit back and lazily accept all that comes our way without ques- tion or thought. By taking an active interest in the affairs of the Stu- dent Council we strengthen it, but not only that, we strengthen ourselves, for we are the Council. A strong Council means a strong College - a strong College de- velops strong citizens and strong citizens make a de- mocracy work! Congratulations, Student Council. And by that I mean not only the students, but also the officers and faculty adviser, Mr. Moser. Your splendid work in the past year should not go without mention. Students, the Council is working for our benefit. It will function to a higher extent if we make our support of it evident. eet Charles Keller and Family NANCY BIETZGER HAVING LIVED in the same community and having gone to the same school that Charles Keller did, I availed myself of the privilege of asking him for an interview concerning baseball. I was, indeed, honored when he consented to meet me on Ianuary the second of this new year. VVhat a way to start the year! Not only is it rare to have such a famous person in the commu- nity. but it is still more rare to have the opportunity of seeing that person-in something other than the movies. The day! The hour! Somewhat laboriously, Charles Keller rose and walked toward me. Then I shared a handclasp that grips. The slight fear that I had had about introducing myself took the outfield. I had reached first base safely, though, I admit. not without difliculty. His address is Crove Boulevard, Frederick, Maryland. Since the street is in quite a new section of town it has neither street numbers nor a well-paved road. I knew not where to go, I passed the ice-skating pond on West College Terrace, I asked questions of strangersg and I felt beastly cold, for the wind blew so that I had to hold my hat on my head. Eventually, I had reached the lovely little red brick house in which the Kellers live. I surveyed a handsome figure with thick, black wavy hair, dark eyes, rather thick lips. and healthy, dark skin. My eyes met equal scrutiny in the deep-set black ones of the figure little taller than I. He wore dark brown trousers and a tan gabardine shirt. Charlie Keller is true to his photographs. Being seated, I proceeded to ask Mr. Keller, "Since you've made such a name in baseball I thought perhaps you would write an article about baseball for our mag- azine?" I hesitated. A slight smile denied my ambitious start. "No, but I'll answer questions. XVhat would you like to know?" 20 'Tm a poor one to talk about baseball, especially technical points, but I can't resist seeing Maryland's fa- mous people get a bit more publicity. Perhaps you would like to tell me how you started in baseball?" Mrs. Keller came into the living room long enough to remove a heavy leather coat from a chair. The snow of that season had done much to make that coat lie useless, especially for hunting. "Maybe I'd better list the names of these placesf, he remarked as he lit a cigarette and opened his desk to get a green fountain pen and stationery of a New York apartment house. Mrs. Keller, a most unassuming person, brought Charles III into the living room from the sun porch. She was wearing saddle shoes, a brown skirt, a yellow blouse, and a tan sweater. She is blonde, and in many respects reminds me of Betty Straining. I have heard that she plays a beautiful game of bridge. Mrs. Keller has made quite a place for herself in the communities of Frederick and Middletown. I walked over to the sofa where Charles III lay. 'AOh. isn't he pleasant? How do you do, little fellow! Oh, look! A tooth! Two teeth! How old is he. Mrs. Keller?" "Hc's five months old, he just got those two," she replied, rather proudly. "Oh, he is the best baby I've ever seen, one chuckle after another. He certainly has a good disposition." Mr. Charles Keller had started his writing and said, apologetically. 'AI hope you'll be able to read this. In 1932, I933 and l934 l played as catcher in the Frederick County League under XVilliam Hauver. Mr. Hauver was also coach at Middletown High School, where I played pitcher and catcher in l932 and 1933. I played soccer and basketball in high school, too. "At University of Maryland I played in the outfield TOWER LIGHT 4 I in 1934 and 1935. Barton Shipley was the coach. I played basketball and football for one year. I played soccer at Towson once, too." He added, "it was there that I had had some difficulty in looking up one of your girls." Baseball was not his only interest, apparently. HAS a semi-pro," he contimied, HI played outfield at Kinston, North Carolina, in the summers of 1935 and 1936. I was back at Kinston a week in November. VVe caught tive deer that week." UDeer?" I questioned. "Oh, yes. I caught one. Some of the fellows invited me down to a 56,000-acre hunting camp at Kinstonf' "Have you hunted deer in any other states?" I could not resist, for I had had a bit of experience in a Pennsyl- vania deer camp. UNO, I haven't," he paused. "In the spring of 1937 I left the University for spring training at St. Petersburg. Florida. In january, 1938, we were married." He smiled at Mrs. Keller. The same year 1 went back to college to finish my work." "XVhat did you major in?" I inquired. "Economics," A'And did you lind that being an athlete was consid- ered in the work that was expected of you?" "No, indeed. We had to do straight college work. VVC had little time for baseball practice." "You played with the Newark 'Bears', too, didn't you?" "Yes, I played with Newark in 1937 and 1938. Since then 1've been with the New York 'Yankeesf The first of March we go to Florida for spring training. All the major leagues have spring training there." 'fHow long does spring training last?" 'Alt lasts until the middle of April. six weeks." 'Baseball isn't really a part-time job, is it?" "Training is very strenuous. Last year I didn't get back here to Frederick until the middle of October. This year I'm taking the family with me to Florida, then we'll take an apartment in New York during the base- ball seasonf' he explained, as he picked up the baby. He then sat down. placing Charles III between his knees. '4Rough-neck," he dubbed the laughing boy. and began to bat the little hands around. "It will certainly not be easy to take him to Florida, will it? His food?" "Ycs. that's a problem." "Is he going to be a baseball player, too?" "It's up to him," he smiled at the baby, perhaps fer- vently hoping that the child would be athletically in- Clined! "I-Ie's had a nice Christmas?" I ventured. A'Yes, but it doesn't mean much to him." YVC looked at the Christmas tree and CCOIITIIIIICC1 on page 315 FEBRUARY - 1940 5 IEROINIE KOLKILR NV IT H THE basketball season having reached the half-way mark, perhaps it might be interesting to pause for a brief interim to consider the progress of our team. As everyone in the College knows, our team has not fared too well so far this season. Before condemning the players and our coach, let us first consider some of the reasons for the bad start. Foremost in the list was the illness of Coach Minne- gan. Our team was without a coach for approximately three weeks. This was a severe shock. Second. is the loss to the quint of Daniel Austerlitz, one of the finest bas- ketball players ever to be developed by Coach Minne- gan at State Teachers College. VVith Austerlitz in the line-up, an average state team would look exceptional, a poor team, good. VVe are still suifering from the loss of his brilliant shooting and play-making. Reason num- ber three is a more remote one, yet, it is of major sig- niiicance. All of the other teams in the state are far above average. VVashington College, Loyola, Mount St. lVIary's, and Hopkins, this season, have the finest teams that they have had in a number of years. No one will dispute the fact that a team only looks as good as its opponents allow it to look. VVhile there are many more so-called alibis, there is just one more which the writer would like to mention. It is this: NOT ONCE DURING THE PRESENT BASKETBALL SEASON HAS COACH IXIINNEGAN BEEN ABLE TO HAVE HIS STRONCEST TEAAI PRACTICE TOGETHER! Student teaching and other College activities have caused this condition. Still, Towson Teachers have a lighting, fast club. Be- fore the season is concluded, they may start clicking: and then watch them. To some this may sound like an ab- surd prediction, but with Coach Minnegan at the helm and Marty Brill and Bob Cox playing excellent offensive basketball, ANYTHING CAN HAPPEN. How can the non-playing. grandstand coaches and other College students help the team? CORIE OUT AND SUPPORT THEM! Show them that we are behind them! Show that we do care! Remember that we cannot al- ways have a winner! fb' Now for a glimpse into the future. In a few moons. spring sports will come out of hibernation. Theres base- ball, tennis, and track - with baseball stealing the lime- light, Towson will have a strong ball club this year. Among the talent which Coach hlinncgan will have on hand are Captain XVhitey Laucnstein, an excellent ticld- er at any position and a powerful sluggcr: Lou Cox. an aggressive performer. and Iimmy Cernik. the pilc-driv- ing sluggcr. 21 Tl-IE LIBRARY AT YOUR SERVICE DORISKLANK Best American W'it and Humor. Edited by J. B. Mussey, 1937. Tudor Publishing Co., New York. XVhat is so pleasing as a snack of witty humor? From the subtle to the riotous, from the sublime to the ridic- ulous, no degree of humor is omitted in this book of all laughs. If you prefer subtlety, there are poems by Dorothy Parker, and a series of articles by Newman Levy, called "From Saturday to Monday," for your pleasure. If you favor the riotous, may I suggest "Ferry-Tail from Keeng Mitas" and Hlliawattaf' both by Milt Cross. The story of our Indian friend begins thus: "On de shurrs from Ceetchy-goony stoot a tepee witt a weegwom Frontage Feefty feet it mashered. Hopen fireplace - izzy payments." And there's more like it which may be deciphered in several hours of anyones time. Do you prefer the sublime? Then you will relish A'Cap- sule Criticism" by Alexander Woollcott and "Perfect Behavior" by Donald Ogden Stewart, in whom we find a rival for counselor Emily, the Post. Or do you hunger and thirst for the ridiculous? fThis book was really intended for you.j To satiate your hun- ger and quench your thirst there are "Through the Ali- mentary Canal with Cun and Camera" by George S. Cappell, and many articles by Robert Benchley and the noted humorist, XV ill Rogers. In the words of the editor, "If there is any kind of laugh that is not represented in this book, it is a for- eigner. and had better go back to Russia where it came from." gf' A NEW BOOK OF COWBOY BALLADS Reviewed by BARBARA HAILIZ Sun and Saddle Leather. Clark, Badger. Chapman and Grimes, Boston, 1956. 201 pages. The poems that are included in Sun and Saddle Leather may be listed as American Ballads. But in so classifying them, two things are necessary: first. a more definite limitation of the term f'American"g and, see- ond, a definition of ballads. In considering them as American ballads, one must realize that they repre- sent one characteristic and well-known phase of Amer- ican life - that of the cowboy on the vast plains 22 i X fi if I ' fa? ,r . U5 . 9 4 iff I I iii! 4 in-gh -5 7: mi 7 C X Z za. Tvi-A 7 Q ii?-1.11. of the VVest, and all of the subsequent rich associations. These poems may be classed as ballads, even though there are many differences between them and the very early ballads. This is because they carry the essential theme or characteristics of ballads. The most important likeness, as I see it, is that these poems seem to repre- sent a communal feeling. All cowboys lead a life char- acteristically alike: they roam the wide plains on horse- back, participate in round-ups, go to small towns for occasional recreation, herd cattle, break horses, and ex- perience many similar things, The poems in Sun and Saddle Leather seem to capture on paper the life and feelings of the cowboy. For example: "Ridin' " expresses the universal love of the cowboy for his kind of life: '4The Outlaw" typifies the horse that is to be brokeng "The Lost Pardner" shows how one feels in losing a close pal. You cannot put your finger on any poem that is an experience or feeling of one man only, isolated from all other men. Rather will you find the feelings and expe- riences in the realm of the cowboy basically the same for all. This idea is further strengthened by the knowledge that Badger Clark, himself, has said that he has found his poems scattered everywhere, sometimes losing their original identity, but being sung and used as typically cowboy poems. Perhaps one reason why these poems are so expressive of cowboy life in general is that Bad- ger Clark, himself, lived part of his life as a cowboy on the plains, and wrote these poems as a means of ex- pressing his feelings, without any intention of publishing them. Another likeness to ballads is the simplicity. The dia- lect of the cowboy is used and the feelings and actions are presented quite simply. Still another similarity is in the rhythm. Many of these XVestern ballads could be and have been sunff to music by the cowboys themselves, D , . while riding in the saddle or around the campfire, and TOWER LIGHT 4 . I by people other than cowboys. These poems have tlie rhyming scheme of ballads - that is, the last word in the second and fourth lines rhyme. They often have choruses, or refrains, after each stanza, such as we find in early ballads. And they clearly represent the social conditions of the cowboys themselves. Frequently, the ballads protest against any other way of living. These ballads are different from early ballads in sev- eral ways. First, they do not represent superstitious, feats of wonder, legends, etc. They are true to life. They are concerned with no class of people but themselves, they include no battles, sudden deaths, or imaginative won- ders. Another big difference is that early ballads almost invariably were narratives. Cowboy ballads are very in- frequently narratives, instead, they express an emotion and concern everyday activities. In early ballads you rarely knew what the characters thought about things. The following quotation illustrates this point. Qlt is the first stanza of "A Cowboy's Prayernj Oh, Lord, I've never lived where churches grow. I love creation better as it stood That day You finished it so long ago And looked upon Your work and called it good. I know that others find You in the light That's sifted down through tinted window-panes, And yet I seem to feel You near tonight In this dim, quiet starlight on the plains. Another dissimilarity is the use of description. Early ballads rarely described things, places or people, cowboy ballads do just that to produce certain emotions and ideas. The following is a bit of description in "A Round- up Lullaby". Desert blue and silver in the still moonsliiue, Coyote yappin' lazy on the hill, Sleepy winks of lightninl down the far skyline, Time for millin' cattle to be still. The feeling which seems to run throughout all the ballads, no matter what they concern, seems to me to be well-expressed by the following refrain from "Ridin' "z just a-ridin, a-ridin' - Desert ripplin' in the sun, Mountains blue along the skyline - I don't envy anyone XVhen I'm ridin'. ,Ei The Fine Art of Propaganda. By the Institute for Propaganda Analysis. Harcourt, Brace and Co., New York. 140 pages. Reviewed by HARRY LONDON It is platitudinous to say that America needs to be on the lookout today for many and divers forms of propaganda, local as well as foreign, vicious as well as otherwise: but how can we tell what is, and what is not propaganda? FEBRUARY - 1940 The Institute for Propaganda Analysis believes that any reasoning being, suflicicutly interested in preserving Democracy, should be able to judge for himself what is and what isu't propaganda, if only we give him an adequate set of critiques, stern enough to apply to all he hears and reads. To begin with, the Institute has used for analysis the speeches of Father Coughlin, whom they believe to be the foremost propagandist in America today. VV hat are the points which we may look for in talks and written word, which will aid us in de- termining their propaganda content? l. NAME CALLING:-By giving an idea a bad label, or associating the idea with something widely ac- cepted as A'bad," the propagandist makes us reject and condemn the idea, without examining the evidence. NVhen I call you a iACOII11IlIl1IISt," "Socialist," A'jew," "Radical," "Nazi," etc., I have inunediately discredited you and your idea to some degree. 2. GLIT'I'ERING CENERALITY: - Quite opposed to name calling, in that we associate an idea with something good, decent, wholesome, and clean, in order that listeners will accept it without search- ing out the evidence. If I say that L' ---- " is good, because it makes for democracy, free speech, social justice, upholding of the Constitution, Christianity, brotherly love, freedom of the press, etc., I may cause you to "fall" for my plan without careful consideration. 3. TRANSFER1-C3fT5"lIlg over respected, revered au- thority to something else, to make the latter acceptable. If I associate my ideafljs with the Catholic Church, with the Synagogue, with Protestantism, with the Cross. with Redemption, or other forms of sacred creed, I keep you from examining the evidence against my idea. 4. TESTIBIONIALZ-USG of endorsement, or denuncia- tion by a loved or hated person to extol or dis- credit the idea endorsed or denounced. A'Ceorge YVashington once said, '----'g President Roosevelt once said, A ---- 'g joseph Stalin once said, ' ---- ' "4 these will cause us to accept an idea, or de- nounce it, depending. of course, on the big name used. Again, the evidence is not examined. In many cases, claims the Institute. the propagandist violates tcstiino- nial truth by flj using untrustworthy sources: by jll alleging statements which have not come from thc source cited. 5. PLAIN Forks APPiz.xL:-Mctliocl by which propa- gandist tries to convince the audience that thc idea is good, because they, and thc speaker. arc of the Upeoplcf' of thc "plain folks." This is to say, 'AVC workers," "wc Christians." "wc 23 Americans," etc., must unite to fight so and so, to pro- mote such and such. 6. CARD STACKING:-Selective manipulation of facts. Here, the speaker selects, as he desires, parts of truths, or outright lies, and puts them not-in-their-natural-order, but in an illogical sequence designed for the speakers own benefit. Here we are kept from examining the evi- dence at hand, and thus. tend, unjustly, to believe. And Hnally: 7. THE BAMJWAGON.-"Everybody's doing - all of us are doing it - come ong get on the bandwagon." All these propaganda devices are self-explanatory in their wording, but now we must apply these very sternly to something that we "hear or see," today, this very moment. Let's take a sample of current writing f and current propagandaj and analyze it on a basis of these critiques: fFrom the Hearst paper, October 19, l939j: Peace This resort to diplomacy t2j on the part of Soviet Russia and Finland to settle their differences 165 should point the way for the cleaning up fly of the whole tragic European mess 165. Common sense diplomacy QD and just negotiation 12p instead of aggression ill and vindictive vitupera- tion tlj are recommended not only to Herr Hitler and Signor Mussolini, but to Mr. Chamberlain Q6j, and M. Daladier t6j. There is no doubt f6j that the whole European sit- uation could be solved f,6j as easily as the Finland situation t6j, and universal disaster Qlj of a XVorld XV ar avoided tlj if a policy of mutual conciliation Q Zj were pursued. . . . YVhat Finland and Russia, what Canada and the XVestern Republics have agreed Q69 to do - and have done Q6j. the countries of Europe can do f6l. For it must plainly be seen that a continuation and speeding up of the present war ill in Europe will re- sult in the complete economic collapse Q ll of all parties in it, with profit alone accruing to the one country which is the common l5j and logical enemy flj of them all - Soviet Russia flj. Wye could go on here at great length, but you should have seen by now how the seven critiques may be ap- plied to any common bit of propaganda published today in the daily press. The little volume is in the Library 4' Magazine Room jg but only three people have taken it out. lsn't S. T. C. interested in combating propaganda? CAMPUS SCHCDOL l-IUMCDR FROM SNOW IVIEN TO PEPPERMINT STICKS KATHERINE IACOB This month we have a most charming contribution from the Campus School. The children have written poems that will delight all of us. Their verses flow freely and rhythmically with a keen sense of humor. The top- ics have a wide range - from snow men to peppermint , sticks. Humor is universal, from youth to old age. This is enough introduction. Here are the verses. Our regret 1 is that space did not permit more. A Snow Man Iohnny made a snow man, His eyes were made of coal, His hat was a tin can, His nose was a roll. Iohnny had him pose. He made him shy. He ate his nose. And made him cry. The snow man stood up all the night, And tried to walk about. But in the morning he did sigh. The children had come out. They played about him all the day, And had a lot of fun. They did not see him melt away Until the day was done. -Louise Vi'ood. Grade -l. 24 Here are two limericks that are enioyable. A pleasing effect is accomplished by simple rhyme and rhythm: Paul There was a young fellow named Paul. XVho was so terribly tall That his head touched the roof. And that was a proof, That Paul was not very small. jane There was a young lady named Iane. XVho was so entirely insane That she stood on her head. And said she was dead, XYhenever it started to rain. -both bv Nancy Kennedy. Grade 5. TOWER LIGHT i Candy Land E Do you think you would like it - ! If there were taffy trees, all coated up with chocolate E bark I And green gum drops for leaves? ?And houses made of ice cream, white and brown and , red, And there weren't any slate roofs, but chewing gum r ones instead? And roads were paved with licorice sticks, And flowers were lolly pops, .And butterflies were butterseotch, gAnd grass was green peppermint drops? !.And rivers flowed with ginger ale and lemonade and milk, nAnd people always wore toffee instead of satin and silk, vAnd everywhere peppermint pigs and pully taify bats, i With surprisingly good fudge terriers, and lovely whip- y ped cream cats? I don't think l'd like it at all. For ice cream houses would melt and fall, And toffee clothes would melt in all the towns And people would look like circus clowns. If we spent each day eating candy and cake VVe'd end each day with the tummy ache. -Nancy Kennedy, Grade 5. Song of the Peppermints u Peppermints, peppermints, here we go, Peppermints, peppermints, down we blow! Ianie is dreaming, we're in her dream! Peppermints, peppermints. that is all! Peppermints, peppermints, down we fall!" NVake up, Ianie, come out of your sleep, Peppermints for a year will not keep! That was your dream, that was your dream, Though peppermints really do sparkle and gleam! -Alice Nelson, Grade 5. "SO WHAT" XV. Noarus Wars X iAS IS the February custom of this column, we offer for your entertainment and enlightenment a boisterous, bubbling, brilliant, blithesome, blustering bit of news which is not intended to be at all unified. It contains ysmatterings which have been tilched from sundry sources around this emporium of wisdom. QBoy, ain't gl keepin' this introduction at a high level with them 5iwords?j So here we go again to discuss ships and shoes iand sealing-wax, and cabbages and kings: E l Things We Never Knew 'Til Now l. lVhitey Lauenstein was confused by some girls as Q being our Math professor, Mr. Moser. CAre you y readin', Agnes?j 2. The same XVhitey is the male hero of Soph. 2. 3. The pianist in the Orchestra Qfar be it from me to X mention any names, but confidentially his initials are Q Iohn Horstj has a fervent admirer in the young lady i with whom he eats lunch. Guess who? Yes, sir. Agnes Kernan, it is! VVillie Gaver has become A'Mercerized." 45. Bob Reidt is getting around more on week-ends now ' that he has his own Carr. I ii6. Sam Klopper is still trying to keep up with the Ioneses. ,FEBRUARY - 19M ! l i I Things We'd Still Like to Know l. VVhy Stottlemyer can't keep his kitty off his lap in Richmond Hall parlor? 2. lust whose heart Lou Henderson is after? ls it Lu- therville's Betty or is it Randallstown's Ruth? 3. VV hy the dorm parlor boys need more comfortable love-seats in Richmond Hall parlor? 4. XVhy Misses Steuart, VVells, Ogier are so intensely interested in the Student Council? Things We'l1 Never Forget About the Past Christmas Vacation l. The number 'A-iS" -- will we. Harry? 2. Colburn lXfIartin's getting home at T A. M. 3. lack Hart's "the best Christmas l ever had." 4. Christmas Day at Betty NVisebrock's - will we. Iohn? 5. Dotty DeCarlo's ice-skating party delay. 6. Our Christmas Scxtet's rendition of "Chloc." CEd. Note - "Renderl' means to tear apart! fi-Xnswer to Ed. Note - XVC meant what wc said- A'render".j 3 7. Cernick's bowling and his favorite Harford Road lunch room. fOle lim can wipe od a mean counter 25 if thc waitress is attractive enough.1 8. Culliver's Travels at 3:30 P. M. 9. "Minnie's Sable Cape," allegedly lost at the Astor. 10. Betty Ann's phone number. ll. Ruth Nizer's lip-rouge. 12. Cveorge Hoddinott's poetic expressions of love tover- heard in a parlorj. 13. The trip to the accident ward of the hospital. 1-l. "Schlepperman's" Sam Lapides' joke. Leap Year Along with 1940 came Leap Year. Here that old sage, Leon Lellend Lerner, long of Evening Sun Forum fame, injects what he thinks of this custom. "Leap Year" - when the female becomes the pro- poser and the male becomes the proposee! Carry it out to its logical conclusion and you will agree that during 1940 no girl is a lady in the true sense of the word unless she- l. Holds the entrance doors open for the men. 2. Gets up and gives her seat to the men in the street cars. 3. Tips her hat to male acquaintances whom she meets. 4. Removes her hat in the elevator. 3. Calls for the boy with whom she has a date. 6. Pays the check. 7. VValks on the gutter side of a boy to protect him from run-away horses and from debris which may be thrown from second-story windows. All these give the girl the right to propose, and unless the girl who proposes is consistent in following the above regulations. we will agree not to accept! So there! Swingology fA1so from the files of L. L. L.l Now take a current song like the one entitled. "Oh, lohnsonu - what is its swing or any other swing tech- nique? lt's only something that, when the orchestra leader doesn't know what his band is playing, they are. ihliss lVeyforth, please take note.l O C Dalfynitions XVork: "An ancient American custom. Now extinct." Adolescence: "A girl who wears her corsage to school the Monday after the Saturday night dance beforef' Maturity: t'An adult who has stopped growing at both ends and starts growing in the middle." 26 College journalism College journalists should think daringly, publish boldly. believe deeply. Nobody in authority should in- terfere with their publishing what they want to publish. And no sensible older person will pay any attention to it after it is printed. fOpinion of Daily Princetonian staff as expressed by Iohn Kieran! Dare we accept this literally? Conclusion So ships and shoes and sealing-wax, and cabbages and kings have been covered in detail for one month. As is also another custom of this columnist f?j, each suc- cessive month of this year I shall have a guest co-writer. The month of March it will be a Freshmang April, a Sophomoreg May, a Iuniorg and Iune, a Senior. This will give each class the chance for prominence that it de- serves. So think ahead for your issue. So. 'til March - so long. and So YVhat? But, Flash!!! K a remark suggested by the Stark film on Newsj: Three types of machines for relaying news -- telephone. teletype. and tellawoman. Now, really, in closing, let me say that it is an es- tablished fact that many men have to live from can to mouth!! ,is' I Shall Never Forget ELIZABETH M . LEXVIS XVINTER, XVITH its icy edge. watched stealthily over her grave. puffing its feathery store of whiteness si- lently against my cheek. On every side great trees. soli- tary ghosts. stood silently stretching white arms to the sky. white purple shadows in weird forms crouched be- tween the tree trunks. The winds made a low and mournful sound as they sobbed in the branches. and I was sure that they understood. The dusky landscape was one pale haze stretching out for miles on either side. i l J i 1 1 I 1 ll 4 I il- Like the withered petals of a rose. the great flakes fell! softly. Every decayed stump, every tombstone. every shrub - one great blanket of snow. As long as 1 have the power to remember. I shall not forget that day. that lonely grave. that falling snow. that! silent beauty, that cold touch of the wind against myi cheek - that all-enveloping whiteness that drifted so silently. imprinting itself inclelibly on all the pages of my life. ' T O WE R LI G H Ti A satire on Life I 1 1 4 3 IEANNE KRAVETZ l iLIFE, IT seems to me, is like a one-man street-ear, crowded at the front. One gets on and comes in con- ytaet with a crowded mass of humanity. The people are lclose together, forming almost an impregnable wall. It is hot, stuffy and crowded. The er lurches to a stop, a jerk, one loses his balance, falls and then regains a foot- ing. The car goes on. More people crowd on. A hat is lknoeked off, a sharp elbow pokes one in the ribs, then - comes another jerk, another shove, a dirty look. a mut- I lj tered curse. The car goes on. Conditions are bad, life iis unhappy and miserable. One thinks that it cannot always be like this. Some- lwhere it must be better. Somewhere, there must exist fthe ideal life - a seat in the ear. Ah, if there were only SOITIC way to find a seat. But is there an empty seat? !iDoubt prevails. Certainly. had there been some seats, I these people would have worked their way farther into the car to find them. Therefore, there are none. Unfor- tunately, most of the people seem to be able to exist in this crowded car. So why should one look for a change? y The crowd gets worse, the ear jerks on, the mutterings .cease and then rise again. The ear moves on. It stops 5 and more people get on. One thinks. why should more people be allowed to get on the car? They will certainly t not be comfortable here and will only make us more mis- erable from getting on the car. f Q1 I I ! One person seems to think there is a place for him I in the ear. He pushes and shoves and elbows his way Q forward. Some people laugh and say, "the fool, why does I he wear himself out? VV here is he trying to go? There ! 5 is no better place on this car." Others gleefully retort, "there, look. he just had his hat knocked off. That serves him right." V indictively a voice rings out, "I tried L to push back and I couldn't." Certainly he ean't. VVhy ,ishould he try? His pushing makes us all the more un- iyeomfortable. It will do him no good. "Let's stop him! !Stop him!" But the man goes on and on, slowly, slowly, gigsqueezing and pushing and shoving, slowly. squeezing and pushing and shoving. slowly, slowly moving for- llward. He is pushed back. People smile and say. i'See. he I!eouldn't do it. It can't be done." But the man perse- ifveres. Ugly looks, shoves, mutterings, he receives on ev- 'tery hand. But on he goes. One Enal shove - he is igthrough. He has arrived at the back of the car. P Q l In the rear of the ear no one is standing and there are liseveral empty seats. The man sits down. Then he looks ilaround at the other seated people. The people are com- FFEBRUARY - 1940 l , 1 1 fortable and happy. There is room for many more. But they do not come back. The man looks to the front of the car, at the crowded, packed mass. VVhy don't they struggle and come back? They would be so happy and satisfied if they did. The man is happy and he wants others to be. Should he go to the front of the car and tell them of the empty seats? They would not believe him. Should he use force and pull them back and place them in the empty seats? Oh, no, they are intelligent people. They should be allowed to decide for themselves. Oh. but they don't move! They stay in the crowded front of the car. They stay there! How long can they remain static? The car is coming to its destination. More and more people get off. Death! VVhat have they done during their ride on the car? VVhat have they achieved? Most of them have found unhappiness, pain, dirt, disease, struggle, mental inac- tivity and social decay. True, a few have gone on to happiness and construc- tive living. But what a struggle to get there, what a iight, what torment! But it was worth it. It is worth it! How much better it would be if more people were push- ing to the back of the car to happiness and better life. ff' The Speed of Modern Life C. BVIARTIN TH E OTH E R day I happened to be talking to a very old man. His conversation was far younger than his yearsg in fact. he was a brilliant thinker, with a facile tongue. As a mere student of life, I carefully noted what he said concerning the so-called speed of modern life. As he talked I felt an inward glow rising above the mere words of his argument. He said: "People of today are merely in a mental whirl: phys- ical events have slowed considcrably: until we of today. in the United States, are the most leisurely people in history. Not only have we been freed from the serfdom of hacking at the soil with our tortured muscles. but we have also managed to feed ourselves culture and art in 27 the diet of a gourinand. Even factory workers, and, per- haps. even some share-croppers, read best-sellers out of public libraries, see an occasional 1'llOVlC, work less than fifty-live hours a week, have Sunday off, and enjoy a fair immunity from pain and suffering. Contrast this, young man, to the blood-sweating galley slaves of the terrible trirenies. Contrast this to the plague-ridden hordes of fifteenth-century Europe, when the grimy rabble fell like Hies. And, finally, contrast the phleg- matic riders in street-cars with the club-and-fang taunt- ed Paleolithic, who swung frantically from tree to tree. XVe've come a long way, soII. But the farther we go ahead, the less we have to exert ourselves, that's true in everything. Remember the old expression, 'the first hundred years are the hardest? VVell, in our case, the iirst million years have been the hardest. We're just drifting along now at the peaceful mouth of the river. VVe're just viewing the ocean of ease and opportunity. XVe have come down from a mad, turbulent stream up in the cataract-and-hill country. Let's forget those silly mistakes we made when the whirlpools seared us. VVe're sailing smoothly now, with new universes beyond. just forget those jungle fears. VVe're resting on our oars and d0n't know it." Winter Interlude V IRGINIA Roop D O XV N B E I-I I N D the hedge the fluttering flakes tumbled, whirled, and came to rest. The barren spots, withered grass, and broken twigs slowly disappeared be- neath the fluff of crispy whiteness. Bit by bit the snow crept upward along the discolored walls of the deserted house. The wind swooped over the roof and ID03IlCd eerily as it banged broken shutters and rattled splintered glass. The building creaked and tottered on its founda- tion with each upward gust, straining as though to burst. Up and down, around and over, the snowflakes went whirling, frosting the panes, lodging in corners, jealously covering every bit of color, leaving a world of white be- neath the gray skies. Darker grew the clouds and wilder the wind. Then, suddenly - a lull, a downpour of pel- ets, a drizzling rain. The cottony mounds sagged and dwindled into icy sheaths. Small drops hung on the eaves, the shutters, the windows, and hardened - ever- growing longer, like the fangs of a yawning dragon. The 3 1 'a ' 5+-1' ' rain ceased and the ice-encased world sparklecl in the! sun! The Most Gullible Creatures on Earth 1 SIBYL DAX'IS THE POOR. deluded creatures who are so easily fooled that they will pay for anything four times. may be numbered among the worlds worst. Everybody rec- ognizes theni, lllfllly capitalize upon their weakness. Mr. Farley is the outstanding champion of their cause in America. For them he has issued countless unnecessary items: and they. being gullible, have bought them faith- 28 Government authorized four hrst-day-of-issue for 0116 ite1II at four different cities. in four different states. on four different dates. The idiotic people were happy, ' even eager, to get all four "first-days." ls it any wonder ' that this group has been called 'Astarnp fiends." "stamp ' nuts," and "the most gullible creatures on earth"? TOWER LIGHTQI I 1 fully. The crowning touch came this year when the fl I RECESS KATHERINE JACOB and FRANCES SHORES My friend, you make no sale to me, I'm five feet eight and would like to look shorter. Statistics prove that the average he Is a meager five feet eight and a quarter. -Saturday Eve. Post. V if 101 Political jokes A teacher, in golden words, talked about heaven to a group of small boys. VVhen she finished. she asked how many wanted to go to heaven. All of the boys raised their hands except Charles McGregory. 'fWhy, Charles," said the teacher, "dont you want to go to heaven?" '4Yes." said Charles, "but not with this bunch!" 3 A51 lk "Be'in's you getting a hard of hearin'?" Erie asked Uncle Jeb. "Yep." "Better go down to Boston to see a doctor," said Eric. Uncle Ieb did. The doctor told him that if he wanted to keep from being deaf to stop drinking. "Well," said Uncle leb, "I like what I've been drinkin' so much better than what I've been hearin' that I think I'll keep on getting deaf." Ik Ill it The girl who speaks volumes always ends up on the shelf. if lk Ik A truck driver was buying some meat in a butcher shop when another man, not so well schooled in the amenities of everyday life, rudely pushed up to the counter ahead of him. "Give me some dog food," barked the new arrival to the clerk, then turning to the driver, said, A'Hope you don't mind?" "Not if you're that hungry," said the truck driver. 21 Ik if Bold Facts A gal may live alone and lack it. Snap judgment has a way of becoming unfastened. VVork is a necessity for man. Man invented the alarm clock.-Picasso. Better to have loved a short girl than never to have loved a tall. lk ll! lk lf you doubt that America is the land of untold wealth, ask the income tax collectors. 161 Ili Bk Teacher: "Are you yawning?" Frosh: "No, malam. That is a silent war whoop." FEBRUARY - 1940 UI-I-I-IUI-I R. I. G. Cupid drinks a toast To that member of the faculty who thought that only Mr. VValther could make the TowER LIGHT - Friends, members of thc faculty, classmates, los-lin' us your cars. VVe will divert our attention To another of his peers That twinkle of her eyes That crinkle of her nose Compels us her contribution To humor disclose: i. e. Mommy femphaticallyj: "lf you walk in that mud, l'll whip you!" Sonny: 4'You'd better whip me now, 'cause l'll do it anyway." Professor fafter bombarding the class with ques- tionsj: f'And what do you think, Iohnnie?" Student. "Please, sir, we don't have twice to think!" And today in speech class, this secret she expounded: That if you had 'ooomph' you could never be grounded." fEditor's Note: I. E. I. made the 'TOXVER LrcHT!!j ii A '41 '41 Which Are You? "The Arabs say that fools are of two kinds, 'simple' and fcomplexl A man who does not know everything and knows that he does not know, is a simple foolg while the man who does not know everything and does not know that he does not know, is a complex fool." :,': BQ: aft Poem of the Month: HHe stood by the gate in silence. The sky was studded with stars. The moon cast down a ribbon of silver, As for her he let down the bars. They stood by the gate in silence, Not a word between the two. But she brushed against him gently. As slowly they both passed through. Her eyes were both tender and soulful. But there's no loyc in them now. For he's only the hired man. And she is thc Icrscy cow." . .. ... ,gf s,. ,,. "Dippnition": i'Two old ladies fumble at a jewel casket. One throws a handful of pearls into the mud and the other coos with delight!" UH-HUH - R. I. C. 29 GUARANTEED WATCH REPAIR O'Neills Charles Street at Lexington Complintents of . . . TOWSON THEATER The Svetnnh ,Rational Zaank of Ulutnsun, HID. LOUISE BEAUTY SHOPPE 32 YORK ROAD - Phone, TOWSON 1022 CONYENIEXT FOR COLLEGE Specializing in Individual Styling and New Wella Hair Treatment People with Discriminating Tastes Prefer Esskoy' Quality MEAT PRQDUCTS 30 The Taming of the Shrew 1Continued from page Sy Bianca did follow, but with her pretended tutor, Lu- centio. who took a short cut to the church and married her on the sly. XVhen Lucentio arrived at his own home in Padua, his real father had arrived to visit him, so Lu- centio was in time to kneel at his feet and ask at once for his pardon and blessing imore of that who-struck- john stuffj ,E Pete had a swell time on his journey back to Padua, but poor Kate had to take it all the way. He made her obey every little wish of his. even sillier things than he had done at home. He made her kiss him in public un- der threat of taking her back to Verona if she didn't. my They were quite touchy about kissing in those days.j 2 And to wind this up real literary-like: Indeed, by the time they reached Lucentio's house there was no more obedient wife in all Italy. Katharina even went so far as to comment in her "Bly Day" speech that woman's greatest virtue is obedience to her husband. Moral - if any - Them days is gone forever. May I Help You? Innes CERNIK "MAY I help you? A fresh shoulder? How many pounds? Oh. six pounds! Lets see - humm qphandling fresh shoulder ly. How does this look? lholding up the! shoulderl. Oh. yes. I'll weigh it! Two ounces over six pounds. VVon't do? NVhy its only two ounces more than you want! Are you sure its too much? All right. I'll get you another. How is this? lholding up the shoulderj. Too fat!! Why. lady. this isn't fat at all!! It should have some fat on it or it will cook tough. XVhat do I know about cooking? I haven't been married live years for nothing! You want to see the first shoulder I had? Let's see. where did I put it? I put it right in front of you? You say the other fella took it? But I don't see where it is my fault because he sold the shoulder. I am sorry.- But I am keeping my mind on my business! YVhat was that you wanted? A quarter pound of bologna? That? all!!! Thank you!" l i 1 l I "I didn't send for a piano tuner." said the puzzlecl householder. "No," replied the piano tuner. "but the people next door did." TOWER LIGHT I Demons of Renunciation j fCO1lff11UCd from page l3j A from her allegiance to jthe feminine altar of dieting. Now, let us analyze. Mr. IA really wanted the steak and potatoes, but did not jeare to embarrass his wife: while Mrs. A really wanted 1 :the salad and coffee, but knew that she would have to itake the other evils if she accepted the tasty inorsels. g That is the situation - two guests, literally starving, de- isiring nourishment, and willing to accept it if encour- jaged enough, but what happens? The two guests leave ithe table hungry and disappointed, through their own efforts. No, it doesn't make sense, but this thing is con- ,stantly going on every day. Let us only hope that Mr. rand Mrs. A never repeat that the B's are not good hosts 'because they don't make you feel enough at home. ' These are only two classic examples, with no mention made of countless other types of refusal such as auto- matically declining to speak, to expend lnoney fa uni- ,-versal illustrationj , to lend things, to buy something, to i-go somewhere. or to ofliciate at an event. Human psy- Ilchology is a funny thing when one thinks about it. .There is nothing under the sun that has not been re- fused, when the refuser actually wants, desires, and even 'craves the thing. It is well not to confuse conscientious refusal with the subject now under discussion. Once in 'a while, some are actually sick, incapacitated, or preju- diced and as a result. when approached, refuse from the bottom of their heart. However, these individuals may be classified by their technique, for they refuse only jonceg they give their excuse and then shut up like a l clam - they simply will not argue. Do not be fooled by lrenunciation. If a person discourses long and feverish- ly, be suspicious and go right on insisting. sl Meet Charles Keller end Family jfCOI1f'I1lU6d from page Zlj the pen full of toys. "At IChristmas he ignored all his toys to play with a piece Qof red string. He's learning to like that rubber Porky Pig, though." It was evident, however, that Charles III ,lilovecl more than Porky Pig when one saw him romping jwith his father. ' Finally. I asked Mr. Keller. who is still in his early twenties: "Do you plan to stay in baseball very long?" HAS long as it makes a living for me." As I thanked Mr. Keller for his kindness and wished ,the family a successful New Year I felt a genuineness j in the man such as I rarelv feel onlv for old friends. Such .obliging folks, such famdus folks: on whom glory rests . so lightly! IQFEBRUARY - 1940 t A Deposit of 51.00 Opens u Claeclaing Account in the CHECKIVIASTER Plan at The Zliutnsnn jliatiunal Earth TOWSON, MD. Olir only charge is five cents for each check drawn and each deposit. Est. 1886 Telephones, Towson 4 and 5 You VVill Be A Vifelcome Depositor I11 The Bank of Baltimore Qlluuntp YORK ROAD . . . TOWSON, MD. Deposits Guaranteed to 555,000.00 1 'And what do you do when you hear the tire alarm, my good man?" 'AOh, I jest get up an' feel the wall. an' if it ain't hot I go back to bed." Civic Clubs. Churches, Fraternal Organizations, :md All Social Gatherings XYill Proht by the SPECIAL GROUP PRICES on Baltimore's Finest Ice Cream, I C E C H E fl m "1-llrvay f,y' Gnoa' Taxis" Also Special Molds and Ice Cream Cakes for Birthdays, Holiday Parties and Home Gatherings Order from Your Nearest DELVALE Dealer or Telephone UNivcrsity IISI DELVALE DAIRIES, INC. 2050 HARFORD ROAD - - UNivefSify 1151 Our Tlzim' Floor Is Eqzzzlbpea' To Serve The Well-D1'es5ed Young Man HUTZLER BFQTH EIS 0 31 BANKING SERVICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL Personal Loans 4271, Investment Certiflcates issued in multiples S ofa of 35000. Interest payable january lst 100 to 1000 d 1 1 At Fair Rates. an Ju y st' WE INVITE YOUR INQUIRY Citizens' Industrial Bankers, Inc. 104 ST PAUL STREET ---- BALTIMORE, MARYLAND SAIVIIEB IIMIIIDIINIIIIDACII lIEBVlIEolINIIlIIIINlIIl?-To lIFIlEolPollRlllIA.llRCllf IIIZ The imap Qrts Euilh 1Bre5ent5 IIIIIIDIILQQKMINIICTILIIHIIIIEB GILBERT AND SULLIVAN COMIC OPERA at STATE TEACHERS COLLEGE AUDITORIUM, at 8.I5 p.m. Sponsored by the Faculty for lIl5llE5lINlIlIEEllFlllGllT IDI? SIUIHIUIEB I3llllllLoGlITllllllRA.llLo llFlllllINIIllD TICKETS 50 AND 75 CENTS Mason's Service Station D0 Your "In-toownff Shopping Betholine - Richfield Gasoline at ofooiol AAA Station H 0 C H S C H I L D 24-HW Sem K 0 Il N Sr C 0 . TOWSON, MD. - Phone, Towson 554 Baltimore TOWER LIGHT ' .X 1 11' -' 1', ' -1: fx-2' 1 1 f' I M1 1 1 4. 1. 1 Yu 1 9 1 ' l" .41-'f"' 1' 1- I ' ' 3 wfj' U? 14 11M 1 1 ' 1 1 1 . , ' 1r1 1.'1:1 1,1 "'.w'1l . '1' 11"l Wm 1, ,-,, -1 1 . 1 , 1".'g 11 " 11. ,.1,,11 ,11 1 , 1. 11 ,Av P 121 L 11 1151 I7 1 W X ' 14 1 '11 ' '1 1.11 1 I I 1 - " :1 1 1 1 , W 1 X 1 4 I , I 1 1 1 1 X 1 1 1 A 1 1 1 1 1 -. 1 1 - 1 1 1 I 1 CHE5TERFIELD'S VALENTINE GIRL QM 425 E-,..m,, CHESTERFIELD De real reason why Chesterfields are in more pockets every day is because Chest- erf1e1d's Right Combination of the wor1d's best cigarette tobaccos gives you a better smoke... definitely milder, cooler and better-tasting. You ca1z'1f 17101 zz better czgzzretfe. MAKE YOUR NEXT PACK CHESTERFIELD c C ll 1940 OWEI' Zqkf ll an 1 'mf 65' -'FP' RR an FLAVUR O O in slower-burning I 'v-lr Camelsf says Bill Corum, 'famed sports writer and columnist SURE I WORK FAST- BUT I LIKE MY SMOKING SLOW. MILDER, COOLER CAMELS ARE CHAMPS WITH ME fb-2 ILL CORUM'S sports news isn't just printed . . . it's sprinted . . . at lightning speed from press-box to press and the Five-Star Final. But when the candid camera catches Bill in his office with a cigarette-well, "No speed for me in my smoking," he says. His own common sense and experi- ence tell him what scientists have found out in their research laboratories-that "slow-burning cigarettes are extra mild, extra cool, fragrant, and flavorful." Cigarettes that burn fast just naturally burn hot. And nothing so surely wrecks the delicate elements of flavor and fra- grance as excess heat. No wonder you get a hot. Hat, unsatisfactory smoke. The delightful mildness, coolness. fragrance, and flavor of Camels are ex- plained by this important finding - Camels proved to be the xlozvexbburn- ing cigarette of the sixteen largest-sell- ing brands tested! fTfJe ptulel at the right expltziui llwe 1exl.j MORE PLEASURE PER PUFF. .. MORE PUFFS PER PACK! LIGHTNING-FAST in the press-box.XWhy, Bill Corum's been known to File 3,000 words of siz- zling copy during a sin- gle big sports event. But no speed for him in his smoking - slower-burn- ing Camels are Bill Corum's cigarette. And here's Bill at work in the quiet of his office. Bill...typewriter...books Camels -slow-burning Camels. "I End them milder and cooler - and thriftier," he says. I rislir, livill R. J Ri-ynnlds 3 l'.r it-mm ,Will-Lim-Salt-ni,X.C' In recent laboratory tests, CAMELS burned ZSFE ,flower than the aver- age of the 15 other of the largest- selling brands tested-slower than any of them. That means, on the average, a smoking plus equal to ks'-Q1-.,, k. L---a v V 5 EXTRA s-3 Q l SMOKES PER PACK! L i I' "i . el Ca m S - fic cgafeffe jfgfflef' Zfafcaf MANAGERS A A S . ,:.,... THE STAFF EDITORS IZVELYN A, FIEDLIER KATIIIERINE FEASER RICIIARD CUNNINCIIARI CII.-XIKLICS GROSS CIRCULATION ADVERTISING MANAGERS Esther Royston Margaret Heck Virginia Roop Norma Gainhrill Elizabeth XVeems leancttc lones Margaret Lowry BUSINESS MANAGERS Yvonne Belt lohn Edward Koontz DEPARTMENT EDITORS Art Dorothx' Snoops Aliee 'l'I'Ott Miriam Kolodner Andrey Praniseliufer Marguerite XVilSOn Humor Katherine Iaeob Frances Shores Elizabeth Melenclez Srience Lee MeCarriar lohn Chileoat Ianies O'COnnOr Alblelics I lenrx' Steeklcr Catherine Paula Nolan Chipinan Lilimry Elizabeth Zentz Andrey Ilorner Doris Klank Mary Di Peppi Service Slatiou Jeanne Kravetz General Lilemtnre Nannettc Trott Irma Sennhenn Patrieia Ilernclon Alllsic Sydney Baker Exfbmzges X lilclrecl Ilkllllffllt Fashions Marie Parr Dorothy Sislc College Events Ilelen Pieeli Mari' Brashears Nancy Metzger Editorial Calvin Parker Catherine Cray Iannes Iett ALICICMUNN - - Managinglf clitor LBLLITLE-TJ' 1101 X111 ff MARCH - 1940 1 No. 6 C 0 N T E N T S PACE 'T'I'IOUGI1'1'S ABOUT YOU 3 FOREXVORD .... 4 FROBI 'I'IIli AVISDORI OF LAO-TZE S Two DIEN GO 'IO XX'7AR . ' 9 CIIURCIIYARD . . 6 TOWN RIICILTING . . . T INIRODUCINC KAPPA DELTA PI . 3 A BACIIICLOR IS BORN . . 9 XV I'1'II 'IIIE MUSES . . , 10 AIYSTICRIICS OI1' 'I'IIE MOON . , 12 lN'I'ERsEC'1'ION . . . , 1 3 TIIE LECEND OI" 'I'IIE DEEP . , H BIUCII ADO ABOUT SOXIETIIING . , 1-I MUSIC AND 'I'IIE :AVERAGE BIAN . . I5 TEI,EPA'rII1' . . . , 16 CNE 'IIIE CENSORS AIISSED . . l7 EDI'I'ORIAI.S . . . . lS ROOI-' OVER AMERICA . 20 CjRCII1CS'I'RA PERSONNEL . . Zl FLIIE LIBRARY - AI' YOUR SERYICI-I 'I IOI,AX'I'IIIi ..... 23 COLLEGE CALENDAR . 26 DERIOCRAIIC SC.-XNDINAVIA . 29 OLD SPORT, NEw RACE . . 30 SPORTS . . . 3l SUPERS'I'UIf1f . 32 .'M7Y1CR'I'ISICMLINTS . . Q SERVICE S'1'A'1'ION 'ro FRESIIBILIN . . . 3-l Design on Page -I .... Katherine Deelier Picture of lfreslnnan Class on Page 2 . llngheS Coinpany Photographs I...... Lee XleCarriar TIIIQ TOXVER LICYIIT iS publisliecl IIIOlllflIlA' - Oetoher through Iune - by the Students ot the State VIYCLICIICIN College at Towson, Maryland ......... 51.50 PICR YEAR Ill CIN is l'I li QNHPY ., V ll 'B' ! X, V , i Ina I It I f 1 I I .- 1 J,. -Y Y. M M me 1 -x KW Wkgi 5 :fig N wwf? AV S Luisa 'id I' V 3 E , Y H. M I !5mRFslWW?-256-QWWRWKWQSFNRWXWVWQSJFQWWIQQNWWKQSSQXWX Q, E 3 it Cfzouqlzfs I Eilfouf ou If 5 3 I MARIE M. NEUNSINGER, Class Adzfzscf' I TALL LETTERS stood at the top of the newspaper, and I thought about J E you. War, suspicion, hate, sickness, and death - all yours at the beat of a drum j and the sight of a flag. 5 Youths on parade - eager to change night into dayg intent upon making E 5 right all wrong, rapid in thought and action, but fearful in their quick young JY if hearts. I thought about you. ,E In the place of worship, the Priest and the Rabbi looked into the faces of 2 K those who had lived many years. Within these places of worship, vacant spaces jj ig stretched themselves along in a monotonous way. I thought about you. X Z I thought about you when the machines in the factory thumped their mean- T ,Qs ingless rhythm into the ears and minds of time-clocked young lives. I thought about you when the pictured page gave the world the faces of y those thirsty for possession, or power, and for other things necessary to the 2 Q5 destruction of a civilization. R R I thought about you, inheritors of a civilization with many faces .... A Powerful yet weak, progressive yet backward, religious yet sinful, loving yet ng hateful. And then, as the rays of the sun ran over the hills just ahead, I knew E Q, why I thought about you. You, with your young bodies against a blue sky - i 63 your young faces turning toward the rising red sun, were standing there - your R feet against the earth. You were thinking many things: of the ways your hands R and minds would shape the destiny of men, of your neighbor's goodness and 5 your trust in him, of the ideals and dreams ahead of you - but suddenly you 3 5? turned away when I slapped your face. You had spoken of something I did l I not understand or perhaps of something I had dreamed of long ago and had ga forgotten. Ignorant talk fell from my mouth and surrounded the place where M Q you stood. You were too astonished to speak. My talk went on and on, deafening '5' my own ears, and taking away almost all of your daring. R 5 As I thought about you, I looked at your faces, and then at the rising sun - N your hopes, your dreams, your future work, I remembered as once my own. The sky was clear again. y Ig My job is not to make you 'fgrow up," to make you forget all your good- 2 Wg ness - but to keep you standing with your face to the East. your ideals jf ? stretched before you. and your youth a star in the night. X l N : 2 I ixw5?Qf'anA! KKkmxsS??Q4aA! kmdikaml KXkgxs9?4?eMA!' QM! Xkms9?5Q4nA! EMLs9?9Q4zf 1 1 Freshman TOWER LIGHT STAFF General Cliairinan XXHLLIAIXI IETT BRERIER SHERMAN NIURIEL FRANIES LlXlARY E. STANLEY Advertising Connnittee Art KIA'I'H1iRINE DECKER fCvORDON F. SIIULES Humor l"lARRIE'l' FINE lX'lARY STAVROPOULOS ltlusie SYLVIA GELXVASSER, DORO'fII1' KAPP Science SIDNEY BLUINI, IOHN BAREIIARI Editorials - HARRY M, LONDON Fashions SHIRLEY l'lICKS General Literature - ALLAN O'NEILL. NIURIEL FRAIXIES ' gi-Qf--qi V g'- fl-S? I 'RK 963 - lF4DllRlEE 'WHEN ONE has published a book, and wishes to express to the publie his loye for a certain person, or his appreciation for the assistance rendered hiIII by other individuals, he writes in the forepart of his work what is eonnnonly known as a "dedication" Perhaps it would have been just as well for a group. the 'TOXVER LIGIII' statt, to put together. as of a1Iy other month, a regular issue, and print on page one or two, in ine-looking twelve point type, the words, "Dedicated to the Freshnian Class of State 'leaehers College." But such was not the intention of the VFOXYIXR LIGIfI'1"S edi- tors when they said that the next issue would be a Ul'lI'CSllI1lHll lssuef' XVhen those words were used in conjunction with the 'l'owIaR LIGIIIL it was intended that every freshman who wished to make his class better 4 WERE known would help in the issue. XVere we to assign o1Ie or two artieles in athletics tc individual freshmen, and let the class' work go at that the College would probably be impressed with the in clination of the class towards sports, and towards noth ing elsel By the same token, were only the library see tion authored by freshnien, the College might be ini pressed by the bookishness of the crowd. And so on. So. for a month and INOTC, the Freshman Class ha swarnied all over the 'l'owIiR LIOIIT ofliee, as if by insur rection. and has taken control, NYhat is to be read ii these pages is truly a representative work - not of . freshman, or of two freshmen - but of the entire class whose issue this is. This is the work of Iune '-P31 th credit lwe are sure it will be a credity lies with theni. TOWER LIGH' 'F rom l THE wlsoom or l.Ao-Tzs l MR. Kl5NNE'I'I'I IVIILLER F ootsore and lame In the fifth month I came To Tchisakar, The city-of-industrious-artists. In Tchisakar I found many artists: One said, "From this shapeless wood I carve Aphrodite." "HOW long to finish?" 'LA lifetime is too short - But it will be beautiful For Eternityf' Another heard a mother Wailiiig Over her dead son. "I make from these cries Immortal music, The symphony of sorrow." "And then - " n Then I am finished, My life's work done - My fame assured." Around a corner sat A huge fat man Holding a wondrous pipe, And smoking. He blew smoke-rings into the air, And watched them fade. "Your art?" "Smoke ringsg I seek to blow the Perfect Ring." "And if you do? And when the wind destroys it?" "Then," as his belly shook, I Laughing, "I'll try to blow another." I O l MARCH - 1940 Two Men Go To War ALLAN OYNIZILL "LOVE THY neighbor as thyself .... If a man smite thee upon thy left cheek, turn thc right also .... Thou shalt not kill .... Europe, my friends, may be at war, but thank God, America is not." Ilis thought- ful face unusually grave, Tom Crystal finished his talk and sat down. He had demonstrated the ruin and the utter idiocy of war. It was against all that is best in man. It was a sin thrown at the face of the Almighty. . . Every member of the church had come an hour earlier to hear Tom address the League. Ile was the out- standing young inan in his group: well-settled in his job, an engaging speaker, and a respectful listener to the words of his elders. The mother of every eligible daughter smiled broadly on him. Sitting near the back of the room was another fellow the same age to-the-day as Tom, twenty-three, and so much like him that they were often taken for brothers. George Mantz was not a conspicuous public figure, but he was liked by men in church and out. He lived a de- cent life, and did not argue with the pillars of the church, although he had some ideas of his own. Some of the older women shook their heads and just among themselves concluded "He is a nice youngster, but it's too bad, he is a little weak." VVell, that was 1915. The United States bankers still had their money, and public opinion was throwing kisses to Germany. But public opinion is a fickle lover, and with the propaganda mills working three shifts a day, in no time all Germans grew horns. and all English- men sprouted wings. VV e 'tloaned' the Allies our money, and then we went to war. Tom had a part to play. The old men talked of duty and cursed the barbarous Huns. Mothers hugged their children and prayed with suppliant eyes for Tom to protect them. He was a symbol - young America sav- ing democracy, saving civilization, saving the world. It was no time for questionings, for idle thought. Tom himself said: A'It's going to be a dirty job. but it has to be done." To George the whole business seemed like a Mardi Gras. A holiday spirit was in the airy brass bands went through streets on wagons. and a soap-box orator occu- pied every corner. The circus had come to town. But the circus lost its glitter and enchantment when George was cornered and made one of the attractions: when the moving pictures stopped. the lights went on, a pro- moter pointed him out in thc audience and asked him why he was not in France. Ile felt like an outcast in his own city. E Both Tom and George were drafted in the army. Through his connections. Tom got a place in the Quar- termaster Corps, safely behind the lines. A German shell exploded near his depot and slightly deafened him. Soon afterward he was given an easier position still farther back. George was sent up to the front. He lived with lice and the rats. He smelled the sickening stench of rotting Hesh, and heard the anguished screams of wounded men. Shrapncl hit him, too. It pulled his right arm out, crushed his collarbone, ripped off his chin, and tore away his nose. Luckily for unluckilyl he was rescued, carried to a dressing station. and later sent to the rear. The war ended and both men came back. George was placed in the Perry Point Hospital at Havre de Grace, where the doctors patched and grafted, chiseled and sewed. They took pictures of their work on him, and hung them in the lX'Iedical Museum in VVashing- ton, showing the marvels of present-day surgery. Sight, speech, and sanity gone. he lived another year, then died. Bathed in glory. Tom received a hero's welcome and Government pension with equal aplomb. To all in- quiries he replied, 'AYes. it was a dirty job, but it had to be done." He sat up front in church to hear more easily, and nodded his head in approval when the pastor preached, on Armistice Day. a sermon in honor of the late patriot, George Mantz, who Hgave his life to keep chaste our honor." "Love thy neighbor as thyself .... If a man smite thee upon the left cheek, turn the right also .... Thou shalt not kill .... Europe may go to war again, but, thank God, America never will." Churchyard IXIURIEL M. FRAMES I IIAD been walking through Lexington Market, snif- ting the aromas from the pans of baked beans and pickles: pricing the coarsely brilliant ealendulas. and the boxes of friendly-faced pansiesg happily munching an oversized banana - more conventional folk stared - and all the while thinking that Lexington Market is the most human spot in Baltimore. It stamps its feet in winter and perspires in summer: it swears and drinks, coaxes and harriesg there, men are men - and the womenfolk run the business! XVith my arms exuding bags and boxes of irresistible pansics and daisies. and the last vendor's cry slowly rc- eeding, I emerged upon an unfamiliar street. The curb 6 was a receptacle of trashg a eroupicr raked in its bits of debris. Each red-brick house presented white-stone steps, a requital for its own drabness. The church at the corner. dingy and deserted, was half-hidden behind a rather high brick wall. I saw an iron grill near the corner which proved to be a door and, on an impulse. I opened it. A granite block confronted mc, and though the in- scription was still a blur, I realized this was Poe's tomb. I paused, awed, for a moment while the Gold Bug, De- scent into the Maelstrom, and The Pit and the Pendu- lum collided in my mind. But there was more beyond. Uncut grass had encroached upon the flagstone walk, but it was still discernible. It was a straight and narrow path that led through this unkempt garden. I could en- visage the stern and implacable men who had directed its course, their only evidence the unperturbable tomb stones resting at weary angles, tired sentries whose un- eventful watch had been too long. The names they bore were Sarah and Susan, Zachary and Ionasg and the dates were often historical and always very old. Each blade of grass was insulated with silence, each loaf-like stone crusted with apathy. Outside the wall children must have been playing, cars honking, news-. boys screaming. But the occupants of that garden were not there to be disturbed by such raucity. and the old brick wall repelled every sound. I suddenly felt embarrassed at my intrusion. Those' epitaphs were not meant for my eyes. Rather. I think, I 4 1 they were understood only by the ones who rested int their shadows, by the faded grass, and the impotent win- dows that still pretended to watch over them. I 'A shudder slithered through me. I don't know why' Perhaps it was the close-set graves, the riddled win-I dows of the church, the lifeless moth that lay on 2 stone. All this belonged to things dead. The men anc' women who mouldered under that sod - had they laughed and loved, cried and suffered. wrestled witlt the soil and conquered the sea. borne children and killed men. and then died, to be interred for centuries in a neglected plot in a disinterested metropolis? Anc Poe, his follies, his failures, his successes, his 'timmortal' genius - yes, immortal! But suppose we could smasl' that granite tomb and look, would we still think of im mortality? XVas this degeneration about me truly sym' bolic? I thought of the market, so intensely alive. XVhaf was the answer? I had been taught oneg but was it thi truth? Then l saw it. A bird must have dropped the seed Out of this sterile soil had grown a lovely iris. Its paste petals were spotless, and it raised its head triumphantlj and victoriously above the dying grass and sunken graves Then I knew the answer. TOWER LIGH', Town Meeting Reported by Cl-IARLES LELIF "XV HAT S HOU LD our children learn about war?" The members of the Te-Pa-Chi Club of the Campus Elementary School were interested enough in this ques- tion to convert their monthly meeting into a panel dis- cussion of it. Dr. Wiedefeld was to have acted as mod- eratorg but illness prevented her attendance. Dr. Clinton VVinslow. professor of political science at Cvoucher Col- lege, proved a capable substitute. In opening the discussion Dr. Wfinslow pointed out that the panel did not intend to discuss war in the ab- stract, since in these times that would be fruitless and impossible. There was to be a statement from each member of the panelg then there would be a "catch-as- catch-can discussion," in which the audience, repre- sented on the platform by two empty chairs, was urged to participate. The first to speak was Miss Lena C. Van Bibber. Be- fore presenting her point of view she made it clear that the ideas which she was about to express were not neces- sarily her own. but, rather, those of several pacifist or- ganizations which she had consulted. Many of these groups frankly believe in indoctrination. They urge that textbooks be rewritten and instruction adapted so that the concept of the degradation and futility of war be imparted. The teaching of the evolution of society with- out considering the part played by wars they consider desirable. Mr. Paul L'Oiseaux, a veteran of the XVorld VVar and father of a boy at the school, approached the question with considerably more realism, He agreed that the great majority of us desire peace. However. he believed it nec- essary to face all the facts with an objective attitude. Since the world has become so small because of the mar- velous means of communication that we have, it is im- possible to keep war news from children. lt is his theory that we should not de-emphasize war, rather, we should emphasize the peaceful arts and sciences. Par- ticularly he opposed the idea that there never was a good war. UVV e live in a world in which we must strug- gle to exist. Many of the benefits of the world are the results of wars! If we are not willing to go to war to maintain them we shall lose them. It is morally right to be prepared to fight." ln closing. Mr. L'Oiseaux but- tressed his arguments with two quotations from the Scriptures. Mrs. Ralph Barnett introduced herself as an average mother. She believed that an appreciation of peace could be developed by pointing out the economic dev- MARCH - 1940 astation of war - the loss of lives and goods - and the set-back in cultural advancement. She believed that the truths of history should be sufficient to approach a so- lution of the problem. The next speaker, Mrs. Donald VVilson, agreed sub- stantially with Mrs. Barnett in many of her statements. Patriotism, she believed, should not be sentimentalized, the rights of other countries and nations should be em- phasized. The school should help the child understand the barrage of propaganda which he meets. Mr, Philip XVagner, the editor of the Evening Sun. declared that he doubted if parents have much control over the question in point. He was skeptical of the in- fiuence of pacifist ideas. H. C. VVells, who had become a pacifist after the last war, recently wrote an article sug- gesting that the Allies should bomb Berlin. Children, he believed, are not particularly upset by atrocities and horror pictures. He cited the popularity in Canada of sets of wounded-soldier toys. All children need not be given tlie same approach to war. Speaking finally. the moderator. Dr. VVinslow, told of a statement that he had found in a typical textbook in American history, published in 190-lr "The most im- portant event in American history was the Civil VVar." In a modern textbook now in use the theme is: How new citizens are made. The contrast indicated a marked change of emphasis. 'AI doubtf' he said. uwhether atti- tudes are determined so much by textbooks. else all the speakers would be inilitaristsf' To destroy pictures. toys. and other items that pertain to war would be merely to combat inconsequentials. The child should be allowed to make judgments on all the evidence he can collect. There should be a re-emphasis, perhaps. but no complete omission of references to wars from texts. After these six had made their statements. there fol- lowed a general informal discussion. Nfr. L'Oiseaux asked why we need peace propaganda. No one will say that war is a good thing. Mr. XVagner ventured in sup- port of this idea that recent polls indicate that 90 per cent of our people do not want war. Contrasted with this is the attitude of the Foreign Policy Association. a supposedly well-informed group. who are strong in their support of the Allies. Dr. XVinslow indicated that what and how we teach of wars depends upon the age of the child. He would not hesitate to point out the military genius of XVashington or Crant. A member of the audience. Dr. Newell. retiring pres- ident of the Te-Pa-Chi Club. jContinued on Page lOl 'I Introducing Kappa Delta Pi "CHARACTER - Achievement - Scholarshipn: these are the qualities which have been the measure for membership in Chi Alpha Sigma. the school honor so- ciety. Since 1925 membership in Chi Alpha Sigma has been one of the highest honors a student at this insti- tution can attain. But with the advance of the institution from Normal School to Teachers College status. the Chi Alpha Sigma Fraternity itself felt that there should be an honor so- ciety of greater renown - nothing less than a chapter of a national organization. for which only graduates of colleges and universities of high standing are eligible. After much study. correspondence. and consideration by Chi Alpha Sigrna. through its adviser. Dr. Dowell. and others. Kappa Delta Pi. an Honor Society in Edu- cation. was selected as the ultimate goal. For seven months more there was intensive effort-and at last hope grew into certainty. The culmination of effort and the realization of hope came on Saturday. February lf. 1940. when Epsilon Al- pha Chapter of Kappa Delta Pi was installed at the Col- lege by Dr. XYilliam C. Bagley of Teachers College. Co- lumbia University. Twenty-four persons. exemplifying "commendable personal qualities. worthy educational ideals. and sound scholarship." were initiated as charter members: Dr. YYiedefeld. Dr. Tall. Misses Brown. Cro- gan. Hill. Kestner. and Mr. Moser 1 faculty members who are graduates of the school and members of Chi Alpha Sigmal: and all members of Chi Alpha Sigma who re- ceived degrees from the College. or who are matricu- lating for a degree. After the initiation and installation ceremonies. held in the North Parlor of Newell Hall, the following ofhcers of the new Kappa Delta Pi chap- ter were elected: president. Mrs. Margery XVillis Har- riss: vice-president. Miss Marion Cunninghamg secre- tary. Miss Frances Iones: treasurer. Mr. Malcolm Daviesg historian-reporter. Mr. Charles Haslupg and counselor. Mr. Harold F.. Moser. Following the ceremonies. a luncheon sponsored by Chi Alpha Sigma to honor the new chapter. was held in Newell dining hall. Dr. Tall introduced the main speak- er after luncheon. Dr. Bagley. He spoke about Kappa Delta Pi. the "Phi Beta Kappa of Education" and one of the largest honor fraternities in this country fours being the one hundred twenty-first chapterl. Dr. Bag- ley told of the beginnings of Kappa Delta Pi at the Uni- versity of Illinois in 1911. and of the present important status of the society. He cited its noteworthy publica- 8 tions - The Educational Forum. the Kappa Delta Pi Lecture Series. and the Kappa Delta Pi Research Pub- lications. The Laureate Chapter of the honor society, 5 which numbers among its members lohn Dewey, Ed-. ward L. Thorndike. Charles H. Iudd. Elwood P. Cub- berley. Lewis M. Terman. XVilliam H. Kilpatrick, Dor-L othy Canfield Fisher, XVilliam C. Bagley lLaureate. Counselorl. Paul Monroe. Truman Lee Kelley. Mc- Keen Cattell. David Eugene Smith. Frank N. Freeman, XValter Damrosch. Charles A. Beard. and Patty Smith Hill. is the closest approach to an Academy of Educa-f tion to be found in the United States. . Dr. XYiedefeld. as president of the College. wel- comed the new fraternity as filling a long-felt need. Other distinguished guests who spoke a few words of greeting to the new chapter were Dr. Mary Braun. pres- l ident of Chi Chapter. Pi Lambda Theta lnational grad-' uate honor society for women l. at Iohns Hopkins Uni- versityg Dr. David E. XYeglein. faculty sponsor of Alpha Rho Chapter. Phi Delta Kappa L' national graduate hon- or fraternity J . at Iohns Hopkins University: and Mr. G. Gordon XVoelper. president of Alpha Rho Chapter. It was announced at the luncheon that Miss Nan- nette Trott would be the delegate from the Epsilon Chapter at the biennial convocation of Kappa Delta Pi' to be held in St. Louis at the same time as the N. E. A. meeting this year. 9 The following are charter members of Epsilon Alphal Chapter of Kappa Delta Pi: ' Dr. M. Theresa XYiedefeld Dr. Lida Lee Tall Mr. Harold E. Moser: Miss Stella Brown Miss Mary Crogan Miss E. Heighe Hill Miss Hilda Kestner: Mrs. R. P. Harriss '36s Marion Cunningham 'fn Frances Iones '38 Malcolm Davies '36 Charles Haslup '38 Larue Kemp '37 Sarah Strumsky 'SSM Muriel Iones '37 Helene Davis SS: Catherine Schottler '39 Ruth Dudderar 39: Louise Firey '39' Dorothy Vogel 39: Beverly Courtney '39 Charlotte Hurtt 'SQN Nannette Trott '-101 Evelyn Fiedler '40H Those of the faculty who are members of other chap-fl ters of Kappa Delta Pi. and who were also helpful inf the establishment of Epsilon Alpha Chapter. are Drfl west. f :SSIPOXYER Licnr Editors ' :Towns Lrcr-rr Staff Members ' TOWER LIGHTfl a l l . Crabtree. Miss Munn. Miss Steele. Dr. Tansil. and Drlli A Bachelor Is Born E.FISHEL "BILLY, YOU must!" "I can't!" "VVell, you'll have to if you intend taking me to Mar- jorie Peabody's dance." "But why, May?" "Billy Potter, you know very well that all the girls are going to wear corsages and - - " "May, I've told you a thousand times that I can't get any nrorrey from Mom or Dad this week." i "Either youll buy a corsage for rrre or I won't go with you!" XVith this statement and a good-bye, both ut- tered with corrrplete hnality, May Bevens strode with all of her twelve-year-old dignity toward her house. 'tG'bye," said Billy. turning away and scraping his .seuffed shoes on the pavement. He started muttering .to himself. "Darn ol' women. Always want something. I-VVhere am I goin' to get enough money for flowers by ytomorrow night? Darn ol' women." VV ith his head drooping all the way lrorrre, Billy rmrrn- lbled his troubles over and over again to himself. t'Guess fl should have told her to go ahead and go with that isnobby Sammy lohnson. If there's anyone I hate, it's the." Carried away by this last thought, he began play- iing with his loose front tooth and thinking just how Tmuch he hated Sammy Iohnson. No one was at home when he arrived aird sank un- ghappily into an overstuffed chair. Billy's first case of love .had struck him hard, but he appreciated May all the Qmore because he had had to iight off so many opponents :before Ire could claim her as his girl. He knew, too, that this hold on her adolescent heart was none too strong, ifor "money,' the main attraction of a boy, Ire did not have. May Bevens had him under perfect control, and ishe knew it. Naturally, she made the most of it and Ikept Billy busy running after her. Q Billy slumped deeper into the chair, thoroughly stumped. He rotated his tooth with his tongue as Ire always did when his mind was preoccupied. "lf there iwere only some way - - " 1 Suddenly Billy snapped out of his eonra. He had an jidea. and a good one - one which would work. WV hy rihouldn't it work?" Ire thought, as he rair upstairs to his bedroom. ' W'hen Billy's mother carrie home, she called imme- ,Idiately to see if her son were home. Billy had planned inn this and his answer was a low moan. Mrs. Potter :speedily diagnosed the origin of the moaning and in a few seconds was beside her one and only voicing all UMARCH - 1940 sorts of maternal sympathies. Finally she extracted the information from Billy that his front tooth was "hurting like all heck,'l and in true motherly fashion the fact that it was only a baby tooth, and a very loose one, didn't interfere with her intention of delivering her son from misery. Her offer to take Billy to the neighborhood dentist to have the offending tooth removed was refused. but the money to pay the dentist was not. Mrs. Potter carefully wrapped Billy's jaw to protect it from the cold and, with many forebodings. sent him on his way to the dentist alone. Once outside his home. Billy smiled happily. His plan was working. He went immediately to the Potter garage and found inside a piece of stout string. VVith this single surgical instrument, he started a delicate opera- tion. By looking into the ear mirror, he was able to tie the string around his loose tooth. and then it was brit a simple matter to tie the other end of the string to the knob of the garages side door. This done, Billy lresi- tated. A'Now to build up courage," he thought, as he plunged into a long youthful monologue. Finally the re- membrance of Mr. Potter's statement, "Billy, you're a little man and you have to act like one." proved the deciding point and he slammed the door. The door shut and Billy's mouth opened. Out carne a tooth and a yell. which abruptly gave way to low sobbing as he realized the danger of his mother's hearing him. At any rate. the deed was done, and he had money to spare. At six o'clock the next evening. Billy and May fcor- sagedj arrived at Marjorie Peabody's. He had suffered one of his few baths and Mrs. Potter had carefully brushed his suit. Even his hair was well groomed. May thought he looked wonderful and wondered why one usually so loquacious as Billy could be so quiet. He had opened his mouth only several times during the entire evening. and their only to mumble something. Sudden- ly when Ire again laughed at one of their youthful host- ess's jokes. she saw the reason for his silence - saw. but didn't understand. Had she realized that the gaping hole in Billy's mouth was created in her behalf. she might have acted differentlyg but she didnt know. After losing the first three dances with May to Sam- my arrd having been smrbbed by May several times. Billy at last perceived that sorrretlrirrg was wrong. A glance in a nearby mirror showed him what was the matter. His face did look ter- LContinued on Page ION 9 E V E N I N G ALEDA HEBNER PARTY OF THE POWERFUL h Lim' IANE CLocc Into the purple void of twilight, Slowly sinks the sun Like a burnished copper disk - Evening has begun. as ,arse-aa, W llH In the YVest the bands of gold And streaks of apple-green Change to blue and purple - Evening is serene. In the East an after-glow Nl H 5 Lights the pale blue sky And the roaring water surges YVhen the tides are high. V The beacon in the lighthouse turns, XVaves dash against the rocks, Rough, grey, and jagged - Boats anchor at the docks. Soon darkness crowns the heavens And the skies are filled VVith myriads of twinkling stars - The waters, too, are stilled. MY ROBIN I have a little robin, He always sings for me. He flew into a berry patch, And then into a tree. He is a jolly fellow, That is fat and fair. He flew to my window, And from there to my chair. Morgan Posey, Third Grade, Glasva School, Charles County. Teacher, Agnes Carpenter, '39. THE SUN IULE T. VV RIGHT Slowly, wearily, the sun climbed up the mountain VVhite with heat, he reached the top And fell exhausted in the cooling valley lake, XVhose ripples whispered "Stop . . . stop." He lingered there awhile, XV arming his watery nest. Then climbed the western sky, To fall again to rest. 10 4- rn Szzz, bang, crash! Figures fall, Buildings shake, Trees tremble, The guns roar with laughter. Screams, sighs, yells! Children die, Men scatter, YVomen pray, But the cannons feast on. 7 YVar . . . a gay party, Men are the food, VVomen the dessert, Children the humor. XVar . . . a desire of the strong, NV here innocent suffer And powerless obey And helpless die. . . THE OTHER WISE MAN Lois ANNE CHEETHAM YV here can I find the Christ?'l he asks. They answer naught. And so he passed. XV here can I find the Christ?" he pleads. "Cod knows l've sought." They heed not his needs. As through the night he onward goes, He breathes a prayer to Cod. Could he but be with those Three blessed men of earth, Clad ones who stood At the dear Saviour's birth. Ages on ages roll around. XVill thus it always be. The home it has not found? Of centuries there shall pass a score Ere he shall End at Calvary Rest in Christ forevermore. TOWER LIGH'g THE WIND XVANDA CARTER The wind Hangs in the trees in tangles, It moans Because it is caught so fast - It fights. The trees bend low, taunting The wind. MANIFESTO OF THE INDIVIDUAL H. M. L. This is the charter of his soul. his brief, He who seeks to live apart from men. YVho casts an introspection with his pen Upon his own dull thought, and minor role In the Hspeed-fraught" life of his companions. This role, I say, is not significant, It means but little to the rest of folk. Yet they are loath to see their yoke Of bondage not descended on his back. They post upon him penalties for lust, The lust, I mean, for rugged individualism. He seeks a path away from men, but They do ferret him well out, and seek To fast-iinpose on him the stifling rules Of all men. Of men who will be bound By ties of Hright and wrong," Of "good and evil," "love and hate," Of "lust and continencef' Of ucorruptness and Chastity." I cannot see where their concept of lite Is yet more virile than his, the individual's. Yet they are not denied, nor are they In any mood, at any time, to accept the Current scheme of things, I mean, Of native individualism. Bleed the man To death, rob him of his "wealth." Render him excommunicate. But individual He will not, he must not remain. This is the cruel totalitarianism Of group's fast life. Simultaneously Lived, which inhibits any truly free Expresion of his mind, or call it, If you will, his soul. MARCH - 1940 THE MARCH ON WASHINGTON They were a band of happy youth, To VVashington they sped, Intent upon expounding truth To a governmental head. They dressed in colors bright and gay VVhich dazzled all around. Their placards screamed UThis is our day," As the youth took over thc town. The rain it came, 'twas such a shame, But to them it did not matter. In them enthusiasm reigned In "unadulterated twaddlef' It My friends," the youth heard 'boye the clatter. They turned to him in glee, For here was one who knew the matter, A soul to listen to their plea. The Presidents speech we will not quote, As he lectured on the "isms." To reds and whites he solemnly spoke, Which added some blue to their prisms. That night the youth were very blue, Their spirit had been chilled, But, Lewis said, "I will be true - The C. I. O. must be filled." But Eleanor at Sunday noon Said, 'ANOW this is Amy dayf I'll help to change their gloomy tune, And send them on their way." Virginia Arneal, Anna Quintero, Martha lane Norris, Adele Mitzel. AIR RAID AT DAWN SHIRLEY C. GREENBERG The mist this morning rose as loath to take Its cover from the town. The shocked corn stood An army vigilant upon the Held, Its stalks as spears that pointed to the sky Alert to prick the clouds with metal shafts That yet fell short of any base. There came The shriek of demon motors. only two. No time for sirens - but street barricades Shelter in blind defeat the white-faced men Swarming from homes in which their children sleep Closing a hand upon eternity .... 11 ysteries of the Moon Ions BAREHABI IT XVAS in the year 1610 - over three centuries ago - that Galileo of Italy peered through the telescope. which he had invented. and discovered the rough and pitted surface of Earth's companion. Luna. He. and those who peered after him. compared the round holes they saw with the nearby volcano Vesuvius and called them "cra- ters," More than thirty thousand of these "craters" have been measured and mapped. the largest being IIS miles across. the smallest just wide enough to drop a school- house in. Throughout three centuries of study. and with three times ten thousand holes to observe. there has yet been no answer to the question: "YVhat causes the round and ringed depressions on the moon?" The first theory was that they were volcanoes. Many of them are entirely too big. however. to be classed as suchg if you stood near the center of one of these great craters. you would not be able to see the rim. more than fifty miles away, because of the moon's curvature. There is no sure evidence of lava's flowing from the rims. Certain astronomers much prefer the term "ring plains" to "craters," because they wholly reject the idea that they are dead volcanoes. The thought that these rings are the remains of huge lava bubbles that burst on the moon's surface is inter- esting. A bubble more than one hundred miles across would be a whopper! No material that would stand the strain of this great diameter is known, howeverg and since the moon is surely composed of rock material tnot cheese, as you may have been toldj the bubble- theory has burst. The idea that the moon has been bombarded by countless meteors, large and small. is held as most prob- able by some thoughtful scientists. A crash against the rocky surface of the moon tfor there is no water nor soil upon itj would throw the debris in a circular ring. It is a pity that there are certain objections to this so- pleasing explanation. Meteors should have struck slant- ingly upon the moon. and made elliptical tflattened circle! rings. whereas all the rings are practically true circles. The "ring plains" also occur in certain locations. leaving great smooth areas called seasg meteors would have bombarded all portions of the moon alike. not just certain areas. There is also a theory that after the moon had hard- ened outside. the fluid lava within seeped through small holes in the crust as the passing earth raised tides. These welled out, and then were sucked back. leaving a bit of ring each time. Finally. all the liquid rock froze. and left 12 the floors level within the rings of mountains. Geologists are now searching for types of rock upon the earth which they believe will chemically resemble the rock found upon the moon. The tests for these rocks are based largely on the color and quantity of light they reflect. If these scientists find the type of rock they seek. they will experiment with them in vacuum tanks, 1 i at high and low temperatures. Possibly thus they may: partly solve the mystery of the crater formations on the moon. WHEN JUNE COMES GORDON FORRER SHULES The shepherd boy with garment rude Sat silent on a knoll. And also there a gentle maid, XYith face not purer than her soul. And with her pipe played him a tune As he list' on sylvan sod. A tune as clear as ere had touched The silken ear of nymphite god. The sun was setting in the XVest. Said she, "Sweet lad. I leave you now, But will return in moonlit shades." Then kissed him on the mouth. and how! Br HELEN IDXVYER: AFRAID I would miss something of the glory that is' Broadway in the early morning hours. I stood at the hotel window gazing wonderingly at the ubig city." It' lay stretched before me in its shining amiour of bril-' liant lights. The stars in the heavens seemed to hav lost some of their brightness. when compared with the miracle of light which surrounded me. The dull tramp ing of millions of feet came to my ears. the warning note of a taxi horn. the weird siren of an ambulance battling its way through the dense traffic. the distant blast of a steamboat whistle. The faint din from Cal: Calloway's Cotton Club. combined with the softer. more soothing rhythm of Guy Lombardo's boys. pro duced a curious effect. yet stirring. Even the occasional gusts of wind which came through the open window were laden with whiffs of city life. Keyed to a high pitcl of excitement. I retired to dream - of Baltimore. TOWER LIGH U li l i I jTHE SOUTHWEST Comer of F Liberty and Lexington Streets is an ordinary corner in an ordinary city. The impassive but impressive Repre- rsentative of the Law, whose realm is bounded by its Curb, is only an ordinary cop. "Pretty dull evening?" I queried, by way of conver- " sation. l "Oh, just like all others. Nothing ever happens on i this corner." UNO accidents - no gunmen?" 'LNaw, nothing like that - not since I been here." "Ever see any interesting people?" "I did see Mrs. Roosevelt one day, and when Ann j Harding lived here she used to come by right often. But 'that's about all. The rest of 'em are just ordinary folks." "I think I better warn you, officer. I'1n being initiated into a sorority and have to stand on this corner from six until midnight, so please don't arrest me for loitering." . UO. K., lady - it's all right by me!', 4 Propped against a plate glass window, I waited for .twilight. Night was unobtrusively stamping out the last few flaming jets of the fiery sunset. The buildings - whose prodigious mouths had swallowed droves of work- ers that morning, digested them during the day, and emitted them at night, stared at each other, arrogant and taciturn. I A light blue silhouette shared my backrest. Her gloves and hat matched her dress, and a gold locket nestled in the curve of her neck. A smile answered my glance. "You waiting for someone, too?" "No, just waiting. And you?" "For my husband. He's working late - he often has to - but he'll have to run out for something to eat." 3 "Oh, I see. So you're going to surprise him as he runs." 1 "That's right. I - I have to tell him something. l :ouldn't wait. I think he'll leave by that side door over there, the one where the girl in the fiowered print is standing." , I watched her eyes. They were building castles of the t jfruit vendor's discarded lemons. She was very happy. j A minute paused, shrugged. and slid on. l "There he is! The man in the light gray suit - - Oh, Sod!" j , Printed flowers blossomed on a gray coatsleeve and . ivere crushed against the side of a broad shoulder. The , flowers and the gray suit turned a corner and disap- neared. j ' I scrutinized an uninteresting apple. i "I've been a fool," she said. "I didn't know. Good- ai 'I Veg? f 'MARCH - 1940 , Intersection "Good-bye." The rough boards of the corner fruit stall huddled to- gether as the vendor plucked the last of their lustrous feathers and left them to their nightly destitution. Pierc- ing yellow eyes gleained at me from every angle. Twenty feet above the asphalt the street was a red, green, and blue mosaic of neon signs, jutting out from every store. A single figure, clutching a suitcase, scuttled across the street to an idle taxi. 'AMunicipal Airport. I have to make the Clipper." The words were clipped and secretive. VVaves of the after-threatre crowd billowed toward the intersection, and then fiowed on. The streets were lanes of metal sausages, bumper-linked. By now it was very late. Straggling groups of char- women, their impossible figures skillfully draped by darkness, poured from the tall granite structures around me. A girl with mundane eyes walked by, too obviously, an over-evident poeketbook dangling from her arm. A dirty urchin shufiied glumly by, a symphony of patches, fringes, and grime. I moved to the curb beside a girl who had been poised there for a few minutes. She swayed once as I touched her arm. "Is anything wrong" Her look held the scorn that only a hungry person can feel for the well-fed. 'LI haven't worked for three months and I'm hungry and broke. I hope you're happy, too," she added, sar- castically. "VVhat's the idea of standing on a curb at midnight? Does that help?" "I'm waiting for a car to come - a fast car." She must have sensed the confiict in my mind. the parley with words. Then suddenly she stooped. XV hen she rose a five-dollar note, carelessly dropped by some- one during the day, lay on her palm. "Finders keepers?" she questioned. "I guess so." f'VVhere's the nearest bus station? I'm going home." I was leaving when a radio car slid to the curb. "XVhat's new, Tom?" asked the same cop. "Oh, usual stuff. A woman jumped in the harbor. Unidentified. VVas wearing a blue dress. and gloves. and a gold locket. A kid got bumped off at North and Charles. and they picked up a bank president at the Municipal Airport trying to make off with about a mil- lion dollars. NVhat's new with you?" "Not a damn thing. You ought to know by now - nothing ever happens on this corner!" 13 The Legend of the Deep IULE TnoMPsoN ONCE UPON a time. many ycars ago, in the far- away land of Imaga Nation. high up on a mountain there dwelt a strange people. secure from the rest of the world. Mother and Father Gigantomachy were well over fifty feet tall: and each of their six children, Eve boys and a girl, was rapidly approaching his parents' height. lt was upon a holiday while they were dining that our story has its beginning. The table was beautifully spread -all thirty square feet. There was a turkey for each child and two for each parent, there were bushels of po- tatoes and barrels of gravy and oodles of cranberry sauce -- just all kinds of good things to eat. But there was only one salt-shaker for the entire family. True. that one was of immense proportions, its capacity ex- ceeding ten pounds. Being carved of gold. the shaker was even more unusual. XVhen the meat course was served, Spacious. the beautiful golden-haired daughter whom Father Gigantomachy dearly loved. asked for the salt. ln his haste to give it to her, Father knocked it over. It dropped off the table. rolled out the open door, and went down the mountain side into the sea. Soon the good people of the land could not drink the briny waterg and the giant, on learning this, was very much distressed. ln an effort to mitigate the gross unpleasantness he had unintentionally caused his peo- ple. he sent a son to each of the five seas to End the cellar and the undissolved salt. And now. when you go to the seashore for your vaca- tion. the tangy air strikes your cheeks and the enormous the Gigantomachys have never given up their search. Until their shaker is found, the sea will be salty and! the water will be rough. Much Ado About Something RICHARD CUNNINGHAIXI ONE OF the most unique qualities of the human race is its insatiable capacity for celebration. From ear- liest times humans everywhere have seemed to feel the need or urge to designate, in some fitting manner, any event which strikes them as outstanding or memorable. Indeed, it would probably be safe to say that almost every year of civilized times has witnessed one or more of these festive celebrations. As our present year, 1940, ushers in a new, unfath- omed decade in history. we cannot but be conscious of the number of commemorations of noteworthy events which are taking place. No less than three of these have, to date, received wide-spread advertisement at the hands of the press. The Hrst, and probably the most publicized of these, is the live hundredth anniversary of the invention of printing by johannes Gutenberg, at Mainz, Germany. After inventing his printing ink, a press, a suitable mix- ture of metals for his type, and a system for molding the pieces of type, Gutenberg was able to print his iirst large work. a Latin Bible of 1.286 pages, and to "give the world that great boon which brings news, new ideas, and the world's knowledge to rich and poor every- where." Of subsidiary importance, but nevertheless meriting 14 much acclaim as an anniversary, is the three-day na-5 tional celebration to be held next month in honor of the centennial of organized dentistry. This movement originated in the Baltimore College of Dental Sur- gery. founded by Horace H. Hayden and Chapin A.: Harris in an effort to provide public instruction in den- tal education. For an interesting editorial on this sub-' ject see the Baltimore Evening Sun, February 20. 1940, and its article by Lee McCardell, entitled: 'Dentistry' as a Profession." The third major celebration to receive official press notice is that commemorating the founding of the Or- der of the Iesuits by lnigo Lopez De Recalde. more commonly known as Ignatius Loyola, just four hundred' years ago. Curiosity prompted the writer to investigate other anniversaries which might possibly be celebrated this year. and to submit a few of the more obvious occur- rences to the reader. Did you know that 1940 is V l. The thirteen hundredth anniversary of one of civ- ilizations most bitter episodes - the burning of the Library of Alexandria. Egypt, and its estimated fabu- lous treasure of seven hundred thousand volumes? It is believed that the books were fed as fuel to warm the public baths for six months. LContinued on Next Pagej' TOWER LIGHT waves from the sons' swimming beat against youg for I Music and the Average Man SYLVIA CvELXVASSER CGNFUCIUS, THAT Chinese intellect, whose ideas have become so popular during the past few months, once said. HVVouldst thou know if a people be well governed, If its laws be Good or bad examine the music it practices." 23 7 Here, certainly, Confucius recognized the truth, he Saw music as a fundamental expression of a people and Jf a nation. Music is appreciated by men of every age in every walk of life. It is a boon to the present civilization, a :ivilization living in the midst of much uncertainty. -Because of its universal appeal, music, even today, is the language of the German, the Frenchman, the Finn, the Russian, the American. lt is a language that springs sincerely from the inner man and is not adorned with ,ies or propaganda, it is a language of deep basic origin. This present generation is more music-conscious than ,aast generations have been. It realizes the fact that mu- faic is one of the greatest motivating powers in the world. Because of the afiiliation of music with certain very suc- :essful persons in American life, several modern psy- rhologists have suggested the idea that music might liave been a minor factor in their success within the .realms of business and politics. For example, George liastman, king of the photographic industry, donated 'en million dollars for the construction of a music school in Rochester. The late Charles M. Schwab, once presi- ylent of the Bethlehem Steel Company, started his career as a professional teacher and organist. Great statesinen have studied music, Francis Hopkinson was a composer of some note, while Thomas jefferson, Michael Hillegas, and George VVashington were lovers of music. The psychologists have given many reasons to back up the correlating of success with music. First is the fact that music is, in a sense, a science. lt is as symbolic as chemistry. Its notes, measures, key signatures, finger- ing, and position playing are comparable to formulas. Remembering notes, dynamics, time values, and key signatures simultaneously requires as much self-control and accuracy as performing a difficult experiment in physics. Anyone who expects to play a musical instru- ment well, must develop poise and efficiency. Music is important to the development of man from another angle. It acts as a great stimulus that enriches the emotional nature, and keeps this nature under good control. Emotional outlets are vital to the average hu- man, and no better or more profitable one can be found than that provided by music. There is still another factor that places music upon an important level, and that is its recreational value. Music is to the mind of the average person what play is to one's physical self: it is a fine source of refreshment and recreation. The chief aim of music is to enrich the mind and hap- piness of every living individual. Realizing this factor, modern man has acknowledged music one of normal living's necessities. MUCH ADO ABOUT SOMETHING 2. The one thousandth anniversary of the founding rf mints fnot julepsl in England? 3. The six hundredth anniversary of the first use made ry Occidental nations of gunpowder in warfare? Iron- eal as this anniversary may seem at this time, gunpow- ihe battle of Cressy, in 1340. 4. The four hundredth anniversary of the beginning if Francisco Coronado's exploration of what is now xrizona and New Mexico, in the search of "Seven Cities if Cibola" and rumored stories of gold and silver? 5. The centennial of penny postage in England? The irst postage stamp was issued May 6, l8-ffl. MARCH - 1940 i 9 I i l l . ler was first believed to have been used in Europe. at 3 . U 2 . I . f 2 6. The twelve hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the first use of the name f'England"? 7. The one thousand fiftieth anniversary of the found- ing of Oxford University by Alfred the Great. in SQO? S. The two hundred fiftieth anniversary of Englands first making white paper? 9. The fiftieth anniversary of our land-grant colleges in this country? l0. The three hundred fiftieth anniversary of the in- vention of telescopes by Iansen. a German. and of the invention of logarithms qstudents. note bcncl by Na- pier? Can you add to the list? 15 Telepathy SIDNEY BLUINI FRE Q U E NT LY TH E R F. appear in the news col- umns, accounts of incidents which are attributed to telepathy. For years scientists have been conducting tests to determine whether there really is such a thing as thought transference, or telepathy. Let us see what has been proved. First, telepathy should not be confused with clair- voyance. Clairvoyance is the act or power of discerning objects not present to the senses but regarded as having objective reality. Telepathy is the communication of impressions of any kind from one mind to another, in- dependent of the recognized channels of sense. For ex- ample: if a number of cards were placed on a table, face down, and someone tried to name them correctly. it would be a case of clairvoyance. Yet, if another person had known the positions and what the cards were, then telepathy might have come into action, for the first person might have named the cards by reading the mind of the second person, In surveying the field of telepathy one is impressed by certain outstanding facts. First, that all mind-reading demonstrations which have been performed on a public stage and which have been properly investigated have either been found to be fraudulent or, if the performer is sincere, to have been explained by some abnormal condition or influence. As regards scientific work in the field of telepathy there is this to say. A scientific test is a controlled test - all its factors must be controlled, and by changing one factor at a time we are able to tell, positively, what the effect is. It is extremely diflicult to control all the fac- tors in a telepathy test. If one person in a test flet us take a card test, for examplej is more successful than others, it proves nothing so far as telepathy is con- cerned. VVhy attribute the success to telepathy, when a number of other influences may be responsible for it? If we do not know what the reason is for success, it is just as logical, and probably more so. to assume that it is not telepathy. Another method of treating experimental results is to compare them with mathematical chance. Of course, an average may be affected by errors or outside influences, but not so easily as may an individual test. Probably the most reliable of all such studies was conducted by Dr. I. E. Coover at Stanford University. He tested many persons at guessing lotto blocks, playing cards. and other objectsg and in no instance, without exception, were the results more than might have been expected from chance. Professor Sumner Boyer Ely of the Carnegie Institute of Technology had this to say about telepathy in an article in the Scientific lwonthly for February, 1940. The reader must judge the worth of the following quota- tion: A'The final conclusion regarding telepathy is clear. It can be very positively and definitely stated that there has never been any evidence produced which would warrant the belief that there is such a thing as telepathy. The most careful and reliable tests show no indication whatsoever of it. XVhile, of course, this is a negative proof, yet after all it is proof that no such thing as telepathy exists. XVe can positively say that no mind has ever yet communicated with another mind other than through ordinary sensory channels." So You Think That You Know Science! IOHN BAREHAM and SIDNEY BLUBI l. lf a Farenheit thermometer registers zero, what would it measure if it were twice as cold? 2. XVhat is homogeneous light? 3. XVhat is the lowest temperature ever attained by scientific experiments? . 4. XVliat is the lowest temperature ever recorded in the United States? 5. XVhat is the greatest pressure ever exerted on a given surface through scientific experiment? 16 6. The largest camera on earth records how much sur- f. How tall is the tallest "homo sapiensn? S. VVhat is the largest and oldest tree on earth? 9. How old is the earth? . 10. How many different kinds of molecules are there? ll. How many humans exist on the earth? 12. How many different kinds of atoms are known? fAnswers on Page 36j TOWER LIGHT face at one exposure? 1 ne The Censors Misse News VVit Der Letter March the two States of the United Mein dear Cousin Hans: I now take my pen in hand and wright you mit a lead .pencilg we do not lif where we used to lif, we lif where we haf moved. to the place where we are now lifling. I hate to say, but your dear old aunt vot you loffed so well is dead. She died of new monia on New year's day at Hifteen minutes front of five. Some people think she lhad population of her heart. De doctor gave up all hopes when she died, her breath all leaked out. She leafs a family of two boys, two calves and two cows. Old Mrs. Offenbaeh is fairy sick. she is joust on death's door and de doctor thinks he can pull her through. She has such a nice little boy, he is joust like a human beast. Your brudder Gus took our dog Fido down by de saw- mill to have a fight. He runned up against one of de big circular saws, he only lasted one round. All de C-rassenbachs have de mumps and are having a swell time. I am sending you a black overcoat by express. In order to safe express charges, I cut off de buttons, you will find them in the inside pocket. I joust graduated from the college and took eleetrocution and physical torture. I leaf Ned to be a stingy grafter. Hands Kratz was sick. De doctor told him to take something so he went down street and met Ikey Cohen and took his watch. Ikey Cohen got him arrested, de lawyer got de case and Hands got de works. VVe have thirty chickens and a fine dog. De chickens are laying six eggs a day. De dog is laying behind de stove. De people is dying around here that nefer died before. Your brudder Frank is get- ting along fine mit de small pox and hopes he finds you de same. Hoping you will write sooner, I remain here, Your cousin, Max. P. X.-If you don't get the letter let me know and I will write you a nudder von soon. onfucius Said - - HELEN PICEK iSINCE CONFUCIUS is saying so much today, and I am confused as to what he did say, I feel that I -must be set aright once and for all, lest he turn over in his grave. I Confucius, or Kung-fu-tse, really lived. He was born 551 B. C. in the kingdom of Loo, now a province of lShantung, and was China's greatest philosopher and ,moral teacher, Confucius confined his teachings to the daily intercourse of men and their relations to each other. fHere I am stumped, for doesn't he still do so today?j Kung-fu-tse also expounded the writings of the ancients, for he believed one of the tragedies of hu- Iimanity to be that it had learned so little from its own Lpast. He is quoted to have said, "Study the past to dis- lcern the future." C This cue was probably the first to be lsnatched by history teachersj The principles from these ancient writings he emphasized, together with morality iof life and fidelity to ethical principles: hence, the in- unumerable proverbs. VVhen questioned by a student if there was any word which might be taken as a general ll'rule of behavior throughout a man's life, he replied, "Is lrnot such a word 'reciprocity'? Do not unto others what lyyou would not have them do unto you," he replied. 1 FMARCH - 1940 Besides the books containing his doctrines, Confu- cius is also accredited with the editing and pruning of collections of poems, folklore, annals, songs, and rites then in vogue in the various parts of the empire. Confu- cius became famous as a teacher in his early thirties. With his spread of fame he traveled to neighboring countries to preach and teach, thus having access to the various literatures. The proverb, "I have seen men die from treading on water and fire. but I have never seen a man die from treading the course of virtue," was heard and accepted by many. Confucius died at the age of seventy-three, saying. "No wise ruler appearsg no one in the whole kingdom desires my advice, it is time for me to die." Nowhere in my readings. however. did I find trace of the present paronomasia and so. to ease your con- science, Kung-fu-tse. and to beg your humble pardon, I shall say that you did not say: t'Man behind eight ball usually follow wrong cue." "He who takes Vitamins. knows his ABC's." Bum steer not always found in stockyardf' "He who cook up false rumor, often finds self in stewf' CContinucd on Page Il I 17 .I U lIE5lllDlll6llffIfL5lIRlllQfikllf9S si? An Individual' s Opinion Monrox Rl. KRIECER '43 EVERYONE HAS thought about religion at some time or another: it has been discussed many times and will always be discussed whenever educated people get together. Certain aspects of this subject have been brought out by the three speakers sponsored by the Stu- dent Council. However, the question, "How does the scientist, not affiliated with any 'religious organization', feel about religion?" has not been dealt with to any great length. I A clear definition of religion is needed. thlorals in religion will be discarded for it is debatable as to wheth- er tliey are a necessary part of religion.j Stated simply, religion is man's attempt to explain the universe. or na- ture if you like. From this point of view, science makes its declarations. Science is that knowledge of general truths or particular facts, obtained and shown to be correct by accurate observations and thinking. XVhat the scientist cannot explain concerning our universe - that is his religion. Science is never at a standstill. Thus, whenever the scientist learns something new about nature and makes this discovery factual. his religion is not supernatural. says the scientist. lt can better be considered a stimulus and a curiosity rather than that which incurs fear or terror. The scientist's religion is important to him even though it declines as science advances. fb' Science and Religion Issues P. OVCONNOR '42 The so-called contradictions between science and re- ligion. about which we hear so much today. very seldom originate in the work of true scientists or honest and in- telligent theologians. Instead. their fountainhead is the distorted reasoning of the not-too-well-informed person who knows very little of the subject. ln reality. there is no possible conflict between reason and faith because Cod is the Author of both natural and 18 supernatural truths. Thus. the opposition fwhich is only apparent J arises from the putting forth of one error or other as a scientific or a theological truth. Today the wise individual finds opposition impossible when he keeps religion and science within their own confines. One of the many reasons for this seeming conflict is the insistence on the part of pseudo-scientists of proofs and explanations for everything religious-the existence of God tmost of these persons boast of being atheistsj, the religious mysteries. passages from the Bible, etc. It is strange. indeed. that nearly everyone of these "scien- tists" feels quite positive that no reasonable arguments can be advanced for these religious doctrines, despite the fact that they have been tried and accepted by the majority of the greatest thinkers for generations. Many proofs of the existence of C-od through scien- tific reasoning have been advanced. but space forbids a development of these. However, they may be studied in the pages of any manual of natural theology tBeeder, Natural Theologyg Ioyce, The Principles of Natural The- ologyj. "Eymieu, in his La Cart des Croyants dans les Progre's de la Science an XIX Sie'cle, has listed the names of 432 scientists of mark. Setting aside 3-f whose religious views are unknown. he tabulates as follows: Atheists, 169 agnostics. li: believers. 367. Selecting out of this total 150 original thinkers and scientific pioneers he finds among them only S atheists and 9 agnostics. com- pared with l23 believers fthe views of 13 are un- known ." Such men as Linacre. Galileo. Vesalius. Stensen. Cal- vani. Laennee, Muller, Corrigan. Secehi, Mendel, Pas- teur. de Lapparent. and Dwight saw no difficulty what- ever in being loyal to both natural and supernatural truth. As Dr. Collingwood says: "These men were not afraid of fresh discoveries. for they had faith in the Cre- ator of all phenomena. Because they heard the voice of God. they were eager to catch every whisper of that voice in the world of nature." Those "scientific" minded persons who reject religion for its incomprehensible mysteries are foolish. indeed. These inexplicable truths are not unreasonable but. in- stead. are above and beyond the reasoning of a finite mind. Mystery is in no way peculiar to religion. Science tells us that the paths of planets vary very little. that the moon is held to its orbit by the earth's attraction. that a TOWER LIGHT heavenly body has a gravitational pull so many ti111cs greater tha11 that of the earth's, but when science tries to explain these facts. it merely uses phrases which are meaningless, and clarify nothing. As Newton truthfully put it: "I liIIOXV of the law of attraction, brit if you ask what attraction is, I really cannot tellf, 1 Another reason for the t'opposition" between science and religion is the determination of certain wcll-mean- i11g people to use the Bible as the last word 011 scie11- tific research. refusing to attribute to it anything but a literal translation. Their obstinate stand 011 the "Theory" of Evolution, despite the decisions of their churchesito the contrary. is the source of the present misunderstanding o11 this subject. Most churchinen agree with the Reverend Bertram Conway's statement that the 'Bible is not a textbook of science, and therefore cannot rightly be quoted either for or against evolution." Concerning a Student Council Meeting Event The Freshman Editorial Board does not, of course, .nake any class commitment on such an issue as the National Youth Congress. VVe believe sincerely. how- ever, that it is the express function of this staff to do rits utmost to exorcise from our midst, the type of con- ditioned opinion which motivated a freshman at a tneeting of the Student Council one day to say it was lhis idea that what he termed "propaganda" be removed from the halls so as not to unduly influence students no favor joining the Youth Congress. T In the first place, such an action, as that freshman well knows, constitutes an acrid, stenchy violation of what is known as "basic principle," as typified by such iocuments as the Bill of Rights. Surely, in an institu- :ion where the Student Government is held to be to the :tudent body what the Federal Government is to the United States, such a time-honored value as "freedom of press, of speech, of assembly, of petition, etc.," should 'eceive observance to its fullest, and most wholesome spirit. That alone makes a valid indictment against the zvarped, conditioned, red-baiting mind whence stemmed izhe Usuggestioiif' 1 1 TOWN TfContinued from Page 75 expressed the very signifi- tant fact that those wl1o are against war are very often the first to support a war. Mr. XVagner cited several in- cidents in his experience to indicate how difiicult is fthe obtaining of accurate war news. Mr. L'Oiseaux, in answer to a question. said that war. ihough generally destructive, had given quite an impetus 0 advancement i11 several fields - aviation. chemistry. E i':tc. 5 In our opinion. the most significant observation of the lv lliscussion was 111ade bv a member of the audience, Dr. fiMARCH . 1940 Secondly, our friend seems to have been totally mis- informed on the matter of propaganda. If he 'tracks back o11 his Latin, he will find that the word itself means "ought to be propagated." That is to say. that which is spread was worthy of spreading from the start. As our writer failed last 1no11th to point out i11 his re- view of t'The Fine Art of Propaganda," the word in question is today very n1uel1 abused. Iust as the name "Communist" has provided a valuable epithet to fiing at well-founded opponents, so has the word propaganda proved the best way of discrediting any statement, fron1 the brassiest of lies to the most self-evident truths. The freshman who made the suggestion is one who has but succumbed to the fashion of labelling everything prop- aganda. He was right. The posters were propaganda, but they were certainly worthy of "being propagated" si11ce they moved students to thought: made students worry whether to vote for, or kill the Youth Congress issue. Our regret, of course, is not that he was a freshman, but that conditions exist which beget such ridiculous state- ments. MEETING Leonard. It is rather ironical. he said, that an actual war crisis must be at hand before we have the impulse to have such a discussion about war. XVe wish with Dr. Leonard that we had more foresight about such vital problems. XVe rather regret, too. that 11one of tl1e speakers chose to discuss 111ore i11 detail those fundamentals which bring about wars - nationalism, imperialism. insecurity and its consequent greed. Perhaps such a discussion would have been more fruitful than a discussion of the cx- ternal symptoms of war. 19 Roof Over America A FA R-REACHING educational program, de- signed to give the American people fand especially those interested in building and improving their homesj straight-forward facts about housing, has been an- nounced by the United States Ofiice of Education. The information will be brought to the citizens by radio, printed bulletins, and graphic exhibits. Of out- standing interest to teachers is a bulletin to be issued by the U. S. Printing Office, tracing the historical rise of our diversified housing situation of today, telling of pioneer efiorts to effect improvements, largely by indi- viduals, and discussing present concerted efforts toward better conditions, both in city and rural areas. Charts, drawings, and photographs will serve to illustrate the popular style to be employed in the text. Besides this bulletin, and exhibits, which will be dis- played before thousands of persons in schools and col- leges and at meetings of public and educational groups. depicting how the Government not only tests materials and methods, but helps industry rehouse entire commu- nities, an unusual radio series entitled "Roofs Over America" will be broadcast by the Columbia Broadcast- ing System at 2 P. M., E. S. T., every Sunday. beginning March 24, and ending Iune l6. The titles and general content of these programs are as follows: March 24: XVhat Do NVe Mean, "Home, Sweet Home"? The status of housing today - Slums that blight metropoli- tan, industrial, and rural areas - Extent of sub-standard housing. March Sl: How XVe Got That XVay. History of the housing problem in America - Americans on the move from south to north, from east to west - Farm tenancy, one-crop farming, and droughts that blight rural America. April T: NVhat Price Bad Housing? Inadequate sanitation and infested homes raise doctor's bills -- Cheerless homes and checrless people - How so- ciety pays for the criminally and physically unfit. April l-f: Hurdles in Housing. How speculators and excessive costs created housing short- ages and high rents - The mortgagee, the "villain in the piece" - How building associations and Government agen- cies come to the rescue. April 21: The House That Icrry Built. Methods of the unscrupulous builder - How incompetent planning and the speculative fever led to jerry-built houses: attitude of home owner - How lack of knowledge of hous- ing standards and the possibility of a quick sale result in the home as a utemporary' abode. April 2S: Voices in the Wilderness. Battling for the better housing: XVork of Iacob Riis, lane Addams, Edith Elmer XVood. Barney Vladeck, Lawrence Vciller, Theodore Roosevelt. Lillian XVald. Iulius Rosen- wald, Herbert Hoover, Franklin D. Roosevelt- Rise of the tcclmicians: Robert D. Kohn, James Ford. Louis Pink. Z0 May 5: Doing Something About lt. Getting adequate housing laws - lncrcasing the number of local housing authorities - How civic, church, labor, social, and patriotic groups are "doing something about it." May 12: Streamlining the Home lndustry. Planners and builders get together - Can we have mass production of housing? - How the Bureau of Standards, U. S. Forest Products Laboratory, and private research foundations serve technicians and home owners - Narrow- ing the "no-man's land" in housing. Mav 10: The House Next Door. Advantages of the building restrictions and zoning regula- tions - Protecting "old" neighborhoods against deteriora- tion-Rural zoning: "How shall we best use this land?" - Experiments in zoning. May 26: Rooms with a View. The Garden Cities of England: Letchworth, Port Sunlight, Bournville, etc. - American experiments: Greenbelt towns, Sunnyside, N. Y.: Chatham Village, Pittsburgh, Happy Valley. Tenn. - Government enterprise in community planning. Iune 2: Keep the Factory Fires Burning. Better housing means better business - Government as a guarantor of building investment - Cooperation of archi- tects, contractors, materials, men, financial institutions for better construction. Iune 9: Here's XVhat XVe Mean, "Home, Sweet Home." A housing tour: Life in homes of slum-clearance projects, HOLC rehabilitated homes, resettlement homes, homes financed by FHA insured mortgages. Iune 16: Uncle Sam on the Housing Frontier. Public housing and the American tradition - Government services available to citv and farm owners - How Govern- ment helps private enterprise to provide a better Roof Over America. A BACHELOR IS BORN fContinued from Page 9l rible without that tooth, but hadn't he lost it for her? Nevertheless, all his at- tempts to explain what had happened were curtly dis- missed by Nay as she would go sailing off with Sammy. "VVell, let him take her home, then," was all Billy could say as he stamped out of the Peabody household. He walked up and down the streets for over fifteen minutes while he thought over women in general and one girl in particular, His mind could find no rest. but he knew his stomach still could. The corner drugstore drew his attention. Over his third chocolate soda he reached a conclusion. He sol- emnly vowed himself to life-long bachelorhood. TOWER LIGHT i l A i l l l Q l l 1 l IDIIRIVBIIHIIIIBSGIIIJIIRA IIEOIIEBIIRSGDIINIIIINIIIIBIIB - x ' I ft ,. SYLVIA GELXVASSER Gray, Schuclvly, RUhlIllL'ht'I' ,lltlffl-11, Mi1cDom1l1l iTHREE INDISPENSABLE units of any orchestra are the violas, the cellos, and the basses. The violas and I basses are needed for harmony, and the cellos sometimes play beautiful melodic strains, as well as accompani- iinent. Due to the interest and diligence expended by y both Miss Prickett and the student body, these instru- i l l 4, I ments are played by members of the College Orchestra. VV ith the exception of Miss Helen Rohnaeher, the stu- dents did not play these instruments until they entered State Teachers College. This fact, I think, is truly amaz- ing. Most of us realize how little time there is to take part in extra-curricular activities, even if those activities require no outside preparation, yet learning to play a musical instrument proficicntly takes outside prepara- tion, and also requires plenty of determination and pa- tience. The live members of this section are: Miss Helen Rolmaeher Miss Martha Schnebly Miss lane MacDonald Miss Catherine Cray Mr. Donald Martin l eadlme Q The Remedy of f TH E B A LT I M O R E Sun has been conducting an i i i experiment since last October. VVhile many of us did not know it is an experiment, for we didn't stop to think about it, The American Committee News Serv- ice for Democracy and Intellectual Freedom, a semi- monthly publication with an editorial board and con- tributing statf, including Professor Franz Boas of Co- lumbia University, Dean Ned H. Dearborn of New York lfUniversity and sixty other almost equally esteemed sages, Q has found it of sufficient importance to bring this matter r I I l, I r I I I l in s .i l r ,i lt l 3 ,l I. I before the eyes of all to whom this pamphlet is circu- lated. The Sun is following a clearly defined policy of: I. Presenting the news conveniently by organizing and collecting related stories. Mentality the Baltimore Sunj Z. Making the issues more intelligible through the in- corporation of background material, Frankly, an attempt to get away from uheadline men- talityf' from sensationalism and distortion. it is signifi- cant that the experiment began the day after England and France declared war against C-ermany. Double-deck headlines have been replaced by brief captions. Related stories are grouped together under captions like "XVar in the Air" or uPlight of the Neutralsf' Besides its technical and budgetary advantages, the plan gives the reader a better opportunity to compare conliicting dispatches, makes for easier presentation of explanatory material, and - above all - destroys head- line Sensationalism. CUNFUCIUS SAID - - QContiuued from Page I7j ' "Nut behind wheel, only thing wrong with auto." 'tHe who act like Donkey in daytime, in night beware lr of tattletale brayf' I And since Confucius did say: "The ancients were guarded in their speech. VMARCH - 1940 Like them we should avoid loquacity. Many words invite many defeats. Avoid entering many businesses. for many businesses create many difhcultiesf' - - I think it best to conclude. 21 THE LIBRARY AT YOUR SERVICE Europe In The Books IACK XVILLIARISON THE EUROPEAN situation continues to roll off the presses, and comes out now as three new books, two of which are devoted to himself, Adolf Hitler. Dr. Hermann Rauschning, one-time president of the Danzig Senate, and at that time on the uinsidel' of Nazi politics, is author of the first, The Voice of De- struction. It appears to be the result of his many talks with Herren Hitler, Goering, and Hess. The entire set- up a few years ago would appear at first glance a dream but, according to Dr. Rauschning, it is nothing short of a nightmare. As early as 1932, Hitler prophesied the present complex of European events, including the Rus- sian alliance, the ultimate partition of Poland, and the "anschluss" with Austria. At that time. de Fuehrer went so far as to "see" a German-inspired revolution in Mexico, and a general unrest in the United States. Often, he spoke wildly of dying a martyr to the Father- land. and then went on to mark savagely the advent of a new Roman Empire, having as its hub Berlin, Signifi- cant is one statement attributed to Hitler. NVe may be destroyed, he said, but if we are, we shall drag with us a world - a world in flames. Dr. Rauschning debates furiously with himself as to the extent of Hitler's san- ity, but comes to no logical conclusion. However, the author deserts his party long enough to declare con- vincingly that the Nazi realm is a house of cards that a single puff will destroy. Herr Hitler is again in the spotlight, under the critical focus of Dr. james Shotwell's book, Wfhat Ger- many Forgot. lt is Professor Shotwell's purpose here to debunk the now popular conception that the Treaty of Versailles determined Germany's economic and social downfall. Most Germans, says Professor Shotwell, seem to forget the war which preceded and made for the Treaty. Germany expected a "status quo" peace, and this she could not get. The depression that followed the peace was not caused by the peace terms. but rather by the war. Shotwell blames the Allies for the XVeimar Republics failure. The French occupation of the Ruhr. he writes. was the straw that broke the camel's back. and Germany's reaction was - Hitler. Soon after the present conflict broke out. Oswald Gar- rison Villard had the notable journalistic privilege of 22 T , Q :ig X j Q5Q,4!'. ul V j X jr 'S ,fv yglv y y l HT 'abil I j X "fmt ?7. y ' - T-Tie-jf n f-5' gli Y 0 " ri- I Q experiencing both the British and German attitudes. He spent most of his time, however, in Prague, and accepted conditions there as duplications of those in Germany. The contrast between England and Ger- many, therefore, he calls tremendous. For the Allied side of war-time Germany, don't miss Germany at Vlfar, and particularly its introduction, A'England at XVar". ,if Our Cozzntryiv Money. By Frederic Majer. Thomas Y. Crowell 8: Co. New York. 1939. 121 pages. Perhaps few institutions are so essential to our pres- ent-day civilization as moneyg yet very few are those of us who have ever stopped to consider how money originated, or the stages through which it has passed in its development, or its multiple function today. Are you one of the many who have always taken money for granted? Do you know what the earliest type of money is supposed to have been and can you name examples of it? Do you know about when and why coin- age came to be used in exchange? Do you know about when and why paper currency first came into existence? Do you know how our country's coins and currency are made? lf you feel in the least shaky about any of the funda- mental questions conccrning money. a brief perusal of Mr. Majer's splendidly illustrated little volume should prove helpful and highly enjoyable. Perhaps you are so fortunate as to be able to answer these questions, ln that case your main enjoyment from reading the book will undoubtedly spring from the dis- covery of such fascinating facts as: YVhere the word "dollar" comes fromg the reason why 1938 was chosen as the year in which to issue the jefferson nickel, the source of the slang expression. "two bits"g how the motto. uln God XVe Trust" came to be used on our TOWER LIGHT il it i coinage, as well as countless other bits of monetary miscellany. Primarily, the book was intended for juveniles and should prove valuable as Social Studies material for chil- dren from the sixth grade on, nevertheless, no adult should miss it if he has either the need or the yen to "discover" money. - R. H. C. ,E After Twelve Years. By Michael A. Musmanno. Alfred A. Knopf. New York. 414 pages. Very recently, several lawyers, as individuals. were ap- proached by other individuals, who had a very old story to tell. It was related to the barristers fwithout men- tioning namesj that a certain "party" was under indict- ment for passport falsification with intent to defraud. By expert legal handling, these lawyers were asked, twitli how light a sentence could the defendant be ipunished. The lawyers, who had great confidence in itheir powers of speech, answered, as individuals, that 'they thought the defendant might get off easily, with a fine of several thousands of dollars. Then they added, "What's the fellow's name? VVhat particular ease do iyou have in mind?" And the answer was, 'Earl R. 1-Browder." To this the lawyers countered with, A'Noth- ing doing. That is a political case!" During the trial, in this 'fpolitical case," Prosecuting Attorney john T. Ca- hill told the jury very movingly that Browder was the umocker of our most sacred institutions." On the other hand the judge presiding charged the jury that "Mat- ters of public policy or interest are not to be con- sidered." I retell this story because it typifies, as a current ex- ample, the American political trial. One may bleat all day of a "working democracy," with Hfree institutions,', but one cannot get away from the fact that an individual may be framed. Such is the anatomy of the political trial. However, it is not at all safe for us to touch the Browder ease too closely, for it is of today, and is doubt- less shaded over by superficialities. VV e can go back to iour books of history, and find, even here in America, a political trial which outranks all political trials in its ifilth, and corruption, and authorized murder. The ease iof which we speak will be noted as more notorious than ithe Browder case, since the man was, at least, 'tguilty" irof the charges. In the earlier case the defendants were inot guilty. That is certain, But they were anarchists: and and it has been demonstrated that when the State de- sires the "removal" of political enemies or offenders, jiiothing stands in the State's way. The case of which I Write is the case of Saeco and Vanzetti. It is with this case that After Twelve Years deals. As the title implies, the words are written about IMARCH - 1940 .Ip twelve years after a notable occurrence of some sort. Notable, indeed! August 22, 1939. was the twelfth anni- versary of the electrocution. with a ghastly finality, of a pair of Italian immigrants fpatriots of the time used the name "wops"j for a crime which they did not commit. judge Musmanno the sits in the Pennsylvania Court of Common Pleasj was a member of the Sacco- Vanzetti defense counsel in the later years of the trial. lncidentally, when we speak of ulater years," it is vital to note that six years were required for the Common- wealth of Massachusetts to as much as pass sentence on two men it had convicted earlier. As a judge, and as a legal light. the author doubtless, is well aware of the anatomy of trials, and legal procedure and, with this added experience of 1921-1927. is well aware, also. of the nature of the political trial. judge Musmanno has begun shooting verbal darts at the thick, impervious wall of Massachusetts' legal. judi- cial system, He has pointed out the host of impropri- eties, and abuses of the logical items, in the Common- wealth's system, and at points, the judge becomes so eloquent and so powerful that it would appear that the darts might in reality be cannonballs. Some of the abuses were fand arej lastingg some were temporary modifications expressly for the Sacco-Vanzetti ease. To name but a few, here are several of the most glaring ones: At the time of the trial. there was a peculiarity in Massachusetts law which put the defendants on display before the jury, et al., confined in a big barred cage. First, the prisoners are unable to point out to their counsel, perjuries, obvious falsehoods in testimony. Such is evil enough. Moreover, the jury is moved psy- chologically to assume. by powers of suggestion, that behind bars is exactly the fitting place for the defend- ants. And as long as the State is going to all this ex- pense to put away two men, it might as well electrocute them as send them to prison. Another glaring fault in the legal system is taught in this excerpt from the opinion of Massachusetts' Su- preme judicial Court to an appeal of the case: " . . . It is not imperative that a new trial be granted even though the evidence is newly discovered, and if presented to a jury. would justify a different verdict." jltalics inine-H. M. L.j. This is to say that after the State has gone to the expense ll believe it was about 52.000 per diemj of trying two men. there is absolutely no point in retrying them. even though they may be innocent, and even though it is their lives which are at stake. Massachusetts was engaged in reversing an old legal maxim and axiom which states that a defendant is "innocent 'til proved guilty." The axiom was being laid aside in the instance of two "anarchist wopsf' and 23 now rcad: A man is guilty 'til proved innocent. Yes, sir! The machinery of our justice is too complex to be set in motion twice for a pair of wops, who seek to over- throw our "most sacred institutions." I should hardly think that a more brazen statement than that made by the "Supreme judicial Court" has ever been read, or heard. If examined closely, it will be seen that, whether wittingly, or no, this statement speaks for the Common- wealth's attitude of "getting rid of two anarchists," no matter what anyone says, or thinks, or does. Furthermore, there is the 'Levil unto himself" of judge Wfebster Thayer, who was a very proper judge, because he was the type who, on the football field of Dartmouth, would say to his friends, 'fDid you see what I did to those anarchistic bastards?" With this state- ment and question in mind, I think that nothing more need be said of judge Thayer, for judge Musmanno has said what needs to be said, and if more information is desired concerning the man and his motives, one may read Upton Sinclair's two-volume novel, Boston. I shall quote a sample of judge Thayer's objectivity, and his earnest quest for truth and justice. Remember. lt was not a political trial, but here is what judge Thayer said to the jury as he opened the process: " . . . remember the American soldier had other du- ties that he would rather have performed than those that resulted in his giving up his life on the battlefields of France, but with undaunted courage and patriotic de- votion that brought honor and glory to humanity and the world Qhej rendered the service and made the su- preme sacrifice. So I call upon you to render this serv- ice here with the same spirit of patriotism, courage and devotion to duty as was exhibited by our soldier boys across the seas." QLong live P. Morganlj The above takes on new meaning when it is remem- bered that Sacco and V anzetti were "slackers", they fled the country in 1917 to avoid conscription Qfor which they were not eligiblej. l cannot here point out much of the nature of the evidence which sent the two men to the chair. I can only sum up the case for justice, by writing that fl repeatj whenever the State sees fit to remove an individual or individuals, no constitution, no law-books, or no evidence will deter that State from car- rying out its sacred mission. Imagine, just imagine, the girl who, upon seeing a car, running at IS miles per hour for one or two seconds, could describe Vanzetti to the last detail. That is not very puzzling, after one learns that the defendant was seated right before her eyes! judge Musmanno is no fool. He, as a jurist, knows that a jury can be affected by even one word of perjured, or framed evidence. And when he complains about the withholding of retrials, he knows quite well that it is the fault of persons, as well 24 Y as of the written law, In Massachusetts, for example, it was judge Thayer's place, before an appeal could be made to higher courts, to confess that he had not con- 1 ducted the trial impartially, and that he had made raw d decisions. Fancy that! To make one more point in the anatomy of political trials, I shall try to show fjudge Musmanno and Mr. Sinclair have done soj how the State government, hand - in hand with the Federal Government, and with every j citizen who was interested in currying favor from the Messrs. Big, all united to kill Sacco and Vanzetti. Mr. i Coolidge kept his mouth quite shut when he might j have cominuted jby suggestionj the sentence to life. ' After all, when men are dead, you cannot bring them f back, even to pardon them. VVhen they are safe away a in prison, matters are not quite so bad. VVitness Mooney and Billings in California. The Department of justice I had in its possession, it is believed, records of a red- baiting investigation of Sacco and Vanzetti, which 3 would have explained away their Uconsciousness of ' guilt," upon which the State rested so much of its case. . NV hy did the two men lie? The Commonwealth's Governor Fuller was about to commute the sentence when he got wind of the news that Coolidge Qthey were both good Republicansj was not going to run for office again. He, too, curried favor, f with the 'fpopulacef' by ridding us of wicked radicals. 1 And so on down. Some current sage, wisely anony-. mous, has said that you cannot beat a system. lt's true. ' You can't beat a system. Sacco and Vanzetti did not go out to puncture the integrity of Massachusetts' legal system. But in convicting the two men of crimes they- did not commit, the State removed its own veil, and the system, and its protagonists, were seen for what they were. judge Musmanno has written well. His is another Boston, with the superficialities of fiction and love re- moved. All loves, that is, but genuine love of justice. I - H. M. L. Since the girls have been wearing such short dresses' this year, instead of saying, "Pardon me," they say,i "Pardon knee." lk ll! 101 L Miss Muim unwittingly provided us with one of the' best puns of the year. She said, 'fNow, making a dress' is of material nature," ' The other day a big discussion was on in the Men's Room concerning an S. T. C. myth. One boy said,t "Marie Parr is the best looking girl in College." An- other said, "No" The first replied, "She's not parr from' I it " TOWER LIGHTII ,l Iolanthe ON FEBRUARY IZ, 1940, Iolanthe came to Tow- son. This mythical figure, as portrayed in the Gilbert and Sullivan operetta by the same name, was personified at the College by the Play Arts Guild of Baltimore. The presentation was made in the interest of the Cultural Fund for the students and was sponsored by the faculty. After an extremely slow and mediocre first act, the presentation gained momentum and the favor of the audience, which numbered near the 600 mark. The rea- son for the unsatisfactory beginning was probably the performers' inability to adapt themselves and their sing- ing to the large auditorium. This was to be expected, however, since their own Guild Theatre in which they are accustomed to act is not one-quarter as large as the Teachers College auditorium. The entire troupe made a remarkable recovery and adaptation in the closing of Ithe first act, where the Peers first made their appear- ance, and during the entire second episode. Iolanthe is a satirical play which ridicules the English Parliament. The story is made even more fantastic with the interweaving of complications involving marriages of fairies and men, resulting in half mortal-half fairy off- ispring, which is quite a handicap, as was pointed out in the play. The subtlety of the entire play hinges around the remark that uthe English Parliament should leave its nose out of affairs that it knows nothing aboutg namely, affairs of government." The plot is fast moving and the music distinctly Gilbert-Sullivan style, much like The llffikado. I The managers of the Guild deserve congratulations for the excellent scenery and lighting which portrayed to the audience thc desired mood. This was a definite aid to the selling of the show as was also the beautiful and elaborate costuming, Dean Gehring, a former student here, in spite of her evident temperament, possessed the finest female voice of the cast, while the Peer Tolloller, to whom Phyllis became engaged, was outstanding because of his brilliant red velvet robes and his baritone voice. The Lord High Chancellor deserves special mention for his fine acting. lt was obvious that he was the most experienced mem- ber of the company. The accompaniment was loud, but not perhaps with- out reason. lt should be considered that the new acous- tics may have made it necessary for the accompaniment to be fortissimo throughout, though many thought that this distracted from the singing. All in all, it was to be considered a successful per- formance. The remarks of the crowd as it made its way toward the exits were on the whole quite favorable. All enjoyed the production and since the Cultural Fund found itself some S300 richer, it was quite a financial achievement. It may be mentioned in closing that it is somewhat regrettable that the student attendance was not better. However, those who were not there must definitely feel that they missed a thoroughly enjoyable and worthwhile evening. Nlany thanks to the faculty. e Came, e Saw, e Left t D. KAPP NVE CAME! T Parts of costumes temporarily draped over furniture, ifioor, and partitions . . . makeup boxes scattering their contents everywhere . . . street clothes hanging from aracks . . . talking . . . laughter . . . phrases of Oh, .Iohnny, Oh, Iolinny! How You Do Love! . . . I. All this together presented the scene before us as we entered the Little Theatre immediately following the performance of Iolanthe. f Amid this din and confusion we freshman girls, who had come to ask an interview of Miss Dean Gehring, 'struggled toward the star's dressing room - the stage. There Miss Gehring received us and readily consented to talk to us about the Guild Players and her part in JWMARCH - 1940 their work. Through Miss Gchring's answering gra- ciously all our questions and adding other comments, we learned a little about the beginning of the Guild, its organization, and its work. The Guild Players is a semi-professional group, i.e., they give performances cv- ery week, but are not paid a salary. The organization was started fifteen years ago. as a result of some work done in the Hopkins Playshop. by Mr. T. Morris Cush- ing. The group gives performanccs every Friday and Saturday night at the Guild Theatre on 22nd Street. Since the audiences have been so great for Iolanthc. this production has been running since November, 1939. There are usually from QContinucd on Page 331 25 College Calendar January 24, 1940 - The College assembly enjoyed a piano recital by Miss Iulia Schnebly, a sister of our own Martha Schnebly. This program. the second which Miss Iulia has given us. again evidencd an unusual achievement for a young girl. ln a simple. unaffected style. Miss Schnebly played classical and modern compositions. Her playing was marked at all times by breadth of tone. and where needed. by a pleasing delicacy. She observes phrasing and plays with a certain spirit that shows that to her music is a great pleasure, a pleasure which her audience cannot but feel. Because Miss Sclmebly plays particularly well and because of her charming manner. the doors of the Col- lege will be open to her whenever she can favor us with a program. January 29, 1940 - Rose Quong. an English-educated, Australian Chi- nese, who is making a lecture tour of the United States. spoke in assembly on the f'Soul of China." Even though Miss Quong had an Oxford accent rather than the ex- pected Chinese, she looked very Oriental with her straight. glossy black hair, cut in bangs, and her beau- tifully embroidered Mandarin costume. ln acknowl- edging our greetings. Miss Quong reflected her ancestry in her graceful bows. Through translations of Chinese poems, fables. and legends. the proverbs of Confucius, and interesting an- ecdotes of modern China, Miss Quong instilled in her audience the feeling that China must, and will, create a new world out of the "very most dead and hopeless water." Perhaps one of the greatest factors in the molding of China has been the teachings of Confucius. not the Chinese whom we have been of late abusing. but the Confucius who left the world invaluable studies of human nature. Chinese life is imbued with this philoso- py of Confucius. Some of the proverbs as translated by Miss Quong might well be observed by us. Shall we remember: "Man by nature is born goodf' "A closed fist can receive nothingg a closed mind can receive nothing." and "The first thing a man must learn is to live at peace with other men." February l, 1940 - Reported by lX'lARIORIE SIEBERT The first of the religious syinposiums was held on February the first. The Reverend Gottlieb Siegenthaler, 26 pastor of St. Matthcw's Evangelical Lutheran Church, was the speaker. He presented the Protestant point of view on the Contribution of Religion to Education for Citizenship. First. Reverend Siegenthaler defines what the Protestants mean by education. Education is that process by which the community seeks to open its life to the next generation and enable young people to take their part in life. It attempts to pass on to them its cul- ture. XV here education is viewed as a stage in develop- ment, younger minds are trained both to receive it and to criticize and improve upon it. Herein the Protestant approach differs from that of either the Iewish or the Catholic. Both of the latter present codes. Salvation here and hereafter depends solely on the priest or rabbi. The Protestant view is much harder: You must stand on your own feet, live your own life and be answerable to your own C-od. The four ways by which religion contributes to edu- cation for citizenship are: l. The church is a home in our loneliness. Z. It is an armory in the conflict of high and low ideals. 3. lt is a nucleus of human brotherhood. a fellowship of free persons under the law of Christ. lt is supra-ra- cial, since it embraces within its fellowship peoples of every color. It is supra-class, recognizing no social dis- tinction between rich and poor. -f. lt points to a redeeming grace - men and nations' deepest. most desperate need is for a Saviour. That sac- rifice of Christ is the profoundest message of the Prot- estant Church. XVithout that message, practical life as citizenship would choke us like dust. February 8, 1940 - The second religious symposium in the series of three was led by Mr. Doehler. of Loyola College. He im- pressed us with the fact that we have a serious respon- sibility. First, we are a part of the "sole surviving sane nation." Secondly. we. as educators. are responsible for the preparation of the next generation for the recon- struction of America and the world. Our share in this nation's life is: citizenship - intelligent, responsible, cooperative membership in society. An intelligent cit- izen knows his function in societyg a responsible citi- zen accepts his rights with the accompanying dutiesg and a cooperative citizen protects the rights of all citi- zens. Religion is man's acknowledgment and fulfillment of his debt of dependence on God. Cod gives laws to his TOWER LIGHT I l 1 r l Eposscssions. Obedience in religion means that one ac- gcepts the laws of the god of that religion. Catholicism frecognizes three obligations of man: first. acknowledg- lment of God as Creator, Saviour, and Rulerg second, Hhe proper use of his own capacities, and third, normal lliving with his fellowmen. it Catholicism earnestly attempts to contribute to the ieducation of citizens. It has initiated many study groups ifand classes for adults. Likewise, Catholic action, a kind of mission work done by lay apostles in lay situations, tis doing an excellent piece of work in education for citi- szenship. Every effort is being made to develop charac- ,ters for the full life in a "peaceful, well-ordered society." , . l i i V l. li-February 15, 1940 - f Reported by FREDXVIN KIEVAL i i The third lecture in the series of religious symposi- frunis for the current year was delivered by Mr. Abraham llyloseph, a prominent Baltimore attorney. Mr. Ioseph it ll3 it Facult I , Dr. Crabtree, Miss Ioslin, and Mr. Miller attended ga meeting of the College English Association at College LPark on February l0. In attendance were representa- 'itives from colleges and teachers' colleges of Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, VVest Virginia, and the District of Columbia. The immediate problem under consideration was 'AThe Teaching of Freshman Composition." In the morning session Dr. Bement described a "VVriting Laboratory' experiment at George VVashington Univer- sity. The Maryland State English Supervisor discussed the problem from the high school viewpoint - what must high schools give to constitute adequate prepara- tion for college English? Following a delightful luncheon, with the University of Maryland as "host," came afternoon discussions. and olans for a future meeting. Dr. Anita S. Dowell was elected president of Chi Chapter tlohns Hopkins Universityj of Pi Lambda 1l'heta tnational graduate honor society for womenj, at Ll meeting of the society on February l7. She has served is secretary in previous years. T Towson has another faculty member who is an officer if a Hopkins chapter of a national graduate honor fra- QMARCH - 1940 spoke in the absence of Rabbi Abram Shaw, who was ill. ln his general remarks, Mr. Ioseph showed how three great VVestern religions stem from the same root and parallel one another in championing similar ethical values. He declared that the reason why so many con- flicts arise among tlie constituents of these three relig- ions is because religious differences are accentuated while their likenesses are pressed into the background. ln measuring the ideal citizen, the speaker used the nineteenth chapter of Leviticus as a yardstick. This chap- ter propounds social legislation affecting the home, fam- ily life, business, labor, and minorities. As a further contribution toward educating for citi- zenship, the speaker cited the Rabbinic injunction of "the law of the land you shall obey." Such an injunction came about after the destruction of the Temple in 70 A. D. and the subsequent dispersion of the Iews to all parts of the world. Thus the combination of the two legal systems, one Rabbinic and the other Biblical. makes a powerful force in educating for good citizenship. y Notes ternity. Mr. XValther is treasurer of Alpha Rho Chapter of Phi Delta Kappa. Mr. Minnegan spends his Saturdays at George YV ash- ington University. YVashington, D. C., as part of his plan for becoming A'Dr. Minneganf' Dr. VV est is busy writing workbooks to be used in connection with the recent series of junior high school texts. "Science Problemsf, of which he is an author. By now everyone should have seen, in professional magazines or on bulletin boards, the advertisements an- nouncing the new series of readers by Dr. Crabtree. her sister, and Dorothy Canfield Fisher. ,er MARRIAGES February 1, 1940 - The marriage of Madeline Veronica Dunne, Class of '27, to Ioseph Nathan Sanford. took place at the rectory of the Catholic Cathedral. February 2, 1940 - Gertrude Iohns and Nathan Iaffa, both of thc Class of '37, were joined in wedlock. 27 The Easter Parade SHIRLEY Hrcrcs IX THE spring a young girl's fancy turns to clothes. This year her attention will be drawn to pastels. Pastels are definitely "in" this season. Hot pink is a much dis- cussed shade. and. indeed. it has every right to be so. for its soft lights appeal to any girl's vanity. Pastel blue is still worn extensively. You who have blue eyes will do well to look into some of these lovelier shades of blue. 19-IO brings to the front another shade: gray. lt's quite the rage! Gray and hot pink. gray and red. gray and navy. Never before has so much of it been used. For those of you who are a little more conservative. navy is always good. particularly this spring. Featured at one Baltimore store is navy with garden colors. a very attractive and good-looking outfit. Caramel brown is also being displayed popularly. Solid colors are always lovely. but this year enough stripes cannot be had. Dashing prints are the vogue, also. along with the lighter monotones. As far as the general style of Easter fashions go. there is little change. Only a few things stand out as being different. One of these is the use of wool with silk print dyed to match the wool. or perhaps a stripe with a solid piece for trimmings dyed to match the background of the stripes. Vie shall see a lot of that this season. Another new aspect is the military influence. This is seen in the cash-and-carry pockets so popular on spring clothes. the military cut of coats. This latter is empha- sized by the use of epaulets. Moreover. buttons are made as gas masks: hats are fashioned after army caps. As for the hats. flowers prevail. The Easter bonnet of this March 2-1 will be a bunch of flowers perked de- murely on a head of curls. The hat will be adorned by a voluminous veil situated on the hat. but face veils are de- cidedly passe. Besides this. straw sailors and bonnets and felt spectators are numerous. This year. buyers will stick to the traditional patent leather or kid pumps. sandals. and spectators. New styles such as the wedge and bows are being forced. but the latter seem to be the only one to be successful. Handbags are about the same. Featured in patent leather. suede and kid. they vary as to size and shape. As to gloves. wear the white or neutral doeskin or kid. Doeskin is perhaps better because it can be easily laun- dered. For those of you who prefer colors. there are a variety of shades featured in suede. A most essential item is the accessory. Being sold now are countless pastel necklaces. pins. and bracelets of flowers. The iridescent jewelry is also being sold. Most 28 1 interesting are the pins and lapel decorations. found ini such things as musical instruments. golf bags. amusingk caricatures. just one hint: use color. However, as you use color, ll blend in your make-up with your color scheme. Nothing 4' can detract more from a girl's appearance than make-upi that clashes with the costume. i 4 Another thing: clothes do little for a person if shei herself is not tidy. YVatch the hair. Is it washed regu-? larly? ls it kept curled so that those objectional stray! pieces stay in place? ' 1 Nails are also essential. It takes but little effort oiii your part to keep your nails clean and well shapedfi Too long a nail is not pretty. Also. a bright. unsightlyi polish adds little to the appearance. Stick to the pret-fr tier shade of polish for the shorter length nails. . These are just a few beauty hints. but we all want tcl look our best on Easter Sunday: when arrayed in our new outfits. with perhaps a lovely corsage, we step befj fore our admirers. hoping for a nod of approval. l si The Men' s Revue A Nomx CHIPRIAN ' THIS YEAR the men have planned their Revue argl a departure from their policy of several years' standing: No longer is it to be an edition of the Mens Revolt, 011 the Mens Revenge. We are simply letting more expe, rienced and competent hands do our burlesquing ant are going to feature several reels of early films. whose every minute of running time is sure to keep you smilingQ tittering. or bursting into unpremeditated. untamablf laughter. The main feature will be Lon Chaney in Thr Phantom of the Opera. and two ole' time comedies wily round out the program. Following the films. thirty mi utes of selected vaudeville will be presented. featuring: none but four-star perfomiers. After the show. therifv will be dancing 'til one o'clock. with john Horst's tend' piece orchestra. which is still receiving wide acclaim, from those who heard it at the Sophomore Iamboree. .L ll Remember! The Revue is to be given only one nights At that time. we guarantee you a highly enjoyable eve- ning. Here are some of the men who are working harm preparing for the event: 'Weis Henderson. Seidlerllz Herold. Robinson. johnson. Kahn. Astrin. Weiner. Cert' nik. Lichter. XYilde. Lauenstein. Kassel. Chipman. Dawlf son. Brill. Weiner. and Schwartz. All you men have do is to hustle up a date somewhere and all you women have to do is to subtly convince some nice fella' with i' car that he simply can't miss 1Continued on Page 36: TOWER LIGHT' Democratic Scandinavia K I'I12r.rf:N Piioss and PIIYLLIS XVAL'rER FODA Y, IN our 'tpropaganda-conscious'' outlook on jill radio and newspaper reporting, it is with a sigh of ielief that we listen to any first-hand accounts of the European situation. Such was the feeling, we believe, 'if our student body when Mr. Arnold Kean, New York norrespondent of the Scandinavian Press. addressed our iissembly recently on the subject "Democratic Scandi- jiavia and the XVars". j Education. cooperation. and social legislation. ac- fording to Mr. Kean. are the watch words of Scandina- ,'ian and Danish culture. Education in these countries is not of a purely intellectual character. but is practical ind well adapted to the agrarian interests of the majority 'rf the Danish citizens. For example, Mr. Kean referred jo the relatively simple but efficient method of handling fmall business partnerships: The Danish folk put their rust in personal integrity rather than in complicated fontracts. As far as social legislation is concerned. too. jhey are progressive - having inaugurated such prac- iees as medical insurance and old-age security. Their wublic funds have been appropriated for benefits to -heir own race, rather than for destruction of others. The Scandinavians. with all their naivcte, are shrewd enough to realize that they would be helpless in the face of an invasion by a large power. Consequently, with the exception of Finland, they are putting forth every effort to maintain friendly relations with other European gov- ermnents. Although this is being accomplished with some economic loss, these small countries feel it is thc wise policy to pursue. Then, too, Denmark has a few aces up her sleeve of which Germany is well aware. Both countries know that it is more advantageous for Germany to allow Denmark to remain independent than to attempt any aggression. lt is this last fact, prob- ably, which accounts for the apparently happy, uncon- cerned outlook of the average Dane. In his address. Mr. Kean referred to a recently pub- lished book, Denmark, A Social Laboratory, by Peter Manniche. A copy of this book has been placed in our library by the I. R. C. XVe feel confident that with Mr. Kean's interesting remarks on Scandinavia as a stimulus, this book will soon be in great demand among the students. Father' s Day in the Campus School IAMES IETT 'HE BIRTHDAY of the Father of Our Country :Jas appropriately observed in the Campus School. The f'ather's Day program brought to the school 97 fathers- .nen who are interested not only in their own children, ilut who are curious to see the philosophies of modern Qdueation in action. They deemed the occasion as an Idueational one for themselves as well as their children. 't was their patriotic responsibility, as a part of an enor- mous social community - our country, to come and to earn. They saw education in action: we, from the in- ide, saw patriotism in action. i Grades four and live had special 'Aopening exercises" .3 start the day. Perhaps you, reader, may remember the lime when opening exercises were a universal and daily iroeedure in the elementary schools. However, in the irogressive schools of the country, which display the .Zimerican spirit of moving ahead swiftly but through -Jgical changes, the formal exercises are a thing of the fast. Yet these, given mainly for the benefit of the fath- its, were educational in their aspect. They might have een termed "modern opening exercises." VVIARCH - 1940 The teaching of arithmetic. reading. Social studies. science, and spelling was seen by most of the fathers - for nearly all the grades included these subjects in their morning program. Certainly there were evidences of cor- relation, that the fathers might see how the new philoso- phies provide for a continuation of the interests of chil- dren in a not too diversified way. May it be known, too, that an old-fashioned spelling bee was given in Miss Schnorrenberg's room. The fath- ers modestly refused to participate - probably because they didn't want to show their sons up Ui. Miss Grogan's first grade presented three plays, un- der the guidance of the student teachers - Misses Hut- ton and Mercer. A large stage in the front of the room had been made by the children. Backdrops of scenery were a product of the children - probably made in art classes. The muslin curtains were designed with child paintings - and the curtains drew. like those on a "reg- ular" stage. The three plays acted were "Little Red Riding Hood. A'Cat. Cat and Mouse, Mouse." and t'Three Billy Goats." All the iContinued on Page 35 I 29 ld Sport, 1X lARv1N M. GROUPS OF eager, hopeful men are discovered daily looking at idle factories, inspecting town halls, measuring school gymnaisums, and peering into empty barns in your neighborhood. Do not be alarmed, how- ever, for they are simply looking for a place to lay out badminton courts. For in badminton has been found the perfect week-end pastime. the duffer's delight. For you and me it is the simplest. most inexpensive of active games, whereby all may have fun. For the outstanding athlete it is an interesting game, and as fast a workout as any in which contestants are kept apart by a net. Upon seeing beginners patting one of those goose- feathered shuttle-cocks back and forth with their frail racquets. brawny athletes have turned pale. The thought occurs that they have permitted themselves to enter a scene in which a tame game is being played. This is an error, because the game has persisted among the sport- loving British and hardy Canadians since the distant days when man could not make a proper ball. First-class badminton singles calls for the footwork of a lightweight boxing champion, the wind of a dis- tance runner, and the quickness of eye and snap of the wrist needed by a man fighting bees with a popsicle. lt displays the fundamental strategy of tennis, plus a few tricks of its own. The shuttle-cock can be smashed with the force of a man's full strength, or slithered over the net with the dainty deadliness of a lady wasp slipping into her home. Not a new sport, badminton nevertheless had not made rapid strides in the United States until recently. No two authorities agree on the history of the modern version. Legend says it started in 1873 at a dull house party at the home of the Duke of Beaufort, from whose estate, "Badminton.'i it is supposed to have received its name. Among those at the party were two English army oflicers who had seen the game played in India under its original name of "poona." After sticking goose-quills in champagne corks, they began batting them across the table, and other guests proceeded to follow them. For the next twenty-live years, badminton led a double life. ln England, it enjoyed mild popularity as a socialite amusement, for which the proper uniform was evening dress. ln garrisons and officers' clubs in India. where it had been played as "poona" for centuries. bad- minton was played inore vigorously, and took Hrmer root. Despite the intense development of the game among the British and Canadians Ito whom it was introduced in 18953, the oldest club in the world is the Badminton 30 ew Rage KLOLIPUS Club in New York. The club was founded in 1878 b two young men who had learned the game in Englanc By 1887, it was organized with a board of governors i, full control, and with the charming and praiseworth policy that only "good-looking girls ever be permittej to join." On the court, the women wore trains and picture hat the men, Prince Alberts and choker collars. One 0, newspaper account described the game thus: 4'Badmii ton is an easy-going game which does not require th muscular exertion demanded in bowling, and is quite jolly withal. The game is bound to grow in favor if f no other reason than that it leaves the participan breath sufficient for chat and gossip." ' ln the United States, strenuous badminton did nc, put in an appearance until about 1927. About 1931, bac' minton began to boom and. in April, 1937. came of a when the national championships made it jump i daily papers from the society to the sporting pages. It currently the fastest growing game in this country, an exhibition, tournament, and intercity matches. as well state and national championships, are held regularl However, it has reached its greatest development i Canada. where it is organized nationally under the C nadian Badminton Association. ln an interview a few years ago with Quentin Rei nolds in Colliers Iack Purcell. world professional cha pion from Toronto, pointed out the game's chief dray back: "The beauty, and incidentally, the fault of ba- minton is that after a man plays it two or three time he thinks he's an expert. It seems very easy to hit thi Abird' back and keep it in play. lt is easy, if you are pla ing against a beginner. Because of this. players oftep just dub along without bothering to learn court strate and deception." This is significant because 1 am certain that mosti you who have played little badminton have experienc' just what Purcell mentioned. There are few sports NVlliC5 can be mastered without practice, and this one is r' exception. Therefore, if any of you aspire to becon. capable badminton players, steady practice and a know edge of the court fundamentals are essential. 4 Father: "YV ell, XVillie, what did you learn at scho' today?' YVillie jproudlyl: "I learned to say 'yes, sir' and 'n' sir,' and 'yes, 1na'am.' and 'no. ma'am'." Father. "You did?" YVillie: 'iYeah." 1 TOWER LIG , v i-Nsiapiaars-W Immoixnz KOLKER l lDMETIME YVITHIN the next five years you may ben your evening paper to the sports page and be greet- il by the following headline: i Wfliitey Lauenstein Sold to the lWajors iff course, this prospective success story has a few jltches to it, but VVhitey, being a catcher, may "back- jop" his way to the solution. For those of us who are Qbt acquainted with the ability of our hero, I might jynamically expound with glowing metaphors his clever jadership of the baseball team for the past three sea- jms, his mighty svvatting. or his flawless fieldingg but jlis is not necessary, for you will see for yourselves in li, few short months. ,Now for the story behind the headline. During the jast two seasons, VVhitey not only went behind the bat jar our team, but also climbed on the mound to pitch yhen called upon and also played first base, second base pd outfield upon different occasions. VVhat was the jzsult? VVhitey had taxed his throwing arm so greatly 'nat lameness and soreness have persisted ever since. ,Vhile this article is still at press, our hero will be re- jiiving treatment for his injured limb at the expense of jie Baltimore Orioles. who believe VVhitey to be of suf- jcient value in the future to offset any expense that they ,nay incur in priming him for a career in baseball. , If you do read this headline. remember that I TOLD j'OU SO. j --- lg During the last week of April, our College will be rep- jisented at the world-famous Penn Relays, which are jaditionally held at Franklin Field in Philadelphia. This jloriied and gala track and field meet is so arranged that lompetition is on an equal basis for each team entered. I-iother words. colleges or high schools of equal rank jompete against each other. Thus the race is a close one lyhether those competing are the best in the world, the jest in the country, or just average. j, The particular race in which we are interested is the lflason-Dixon One Mile Relay Race, in which each of our runners sprints a quarter of a mile. Q One of the quartet who carried our colors last season jid not return this past fall. Another runner is needed li fill this gap. All interested should speak with Mr. jlinnegan as soon as possible. T VVith the basketball season ebbing into hibernation. uid Coach Miimegan pulling his fast-greying thatch to MARCH - 1940 little avail. our mentor has at least found a silver lining to this fruitless seasons dark cloud. Edgar Fishel. a freshman, has blossomed under careful tutelage into an excellent prospect. The possessor of a fine frame, plenty of speed, grace, a fine eye. and an ideal temperament. this neophyte should become a fine ball player. If records and experience mean anything, State Teach- ers College will have a fine baseball team this spring. Yes. I mean the State Teachers College at Towson. Do not be surprised if at our opening game you find YVhitcy Lauenstein catching, Sam Cloppcr or Frank Dorn on the mound, Marty Brill at first base, jack I-Iart at see- ond. johnny Shock at shortstop, and johnny Horst on third base to round out the infieldg then Lou Cox in left field, jimmy Cernik in center field, and Harry Rus- sell or Charley Rembolt in right field. VV ith every man, except Frank Dorn. a veteran of our past campaigns. this team ought to go places. The fact that these names have been associated with all the positions on the team does not necessarily mean that there isn't any room for new talent. Every man who goes out for the team will not only receive a fair trial. but also will avail himself of the opportunity to learn baseball from the ground up. I regret that the following anecdote concerns XVhitey Lauenstein, for he has been the subject of much of this artieleg nevertheless. because of its irony, this story is of sufiicient interest to make us forget the names involved. State Teachers College played johns Hopkins Uni- versity in a baseball game at johns Hopkins near the end of the season last spring. Hugh Trader, a sports colum- ist for one of the leading Baltimore papers and the gent who selects the All-Maryland Baseball Team for his pa- per, was present at the game. Because of his sore arm. as was mentioned previously, XVhitey Lauenstein played first base in this game. During the course of the afternoon. in four times at the bat. Mr. Lauenstein crashed out two home runs and slashed a sizzling single. beside playing a fine de- fensive game around thc initial sack. Results! A week following. when Mr. Hugh Trader picked his All-Maryland Baseball Team. lo. and behold! there was YVhitey's name on the second All-lXIaryland Team. For what position? XVhy. first base. of course! Yes. Mr. Trader. who had seen our College team play only one game that season. had selected XYhitey as thc first baseman on the mythical second All-Maryland Base- ball Team. when Vlhitcy was undisputcdly thc finest catcher in the league. 31 .'lrtixt.f', .Sign Writers' and Engineering Supplies Studio, S Choo! und Drafting Room Furniture Drawing M aterial 0. willloelg 0 'yC6'0 214 W .fy Ol Ppllff EST FRANKLIN STREET BALTIMORE, MD. VERNoN3700 Compliments 0 a Friend Slll,llllDllE5lIRS6lllJlllIllPllf I'IARRIlfl'I' R. FINE and INIARY jo STAVROPOULOS GREETINGS, READERS! fVVe hope there are reac ers.j W'e're just poor freshmen struggling to give you decent substitute for XV. Norris VVeis' super "So VVhat Now, without further ado, we shall plunge into tl! Udirtn and see what our boys and girls are up to. . .A Ah! Romance - S. Sharrow and R. Nizer might just :I well not have gone to see "C, VV. T, XV." Richmoni parlor sofa would have served the purpose just as wel QAsk D. Hess about that parlor sofa.j . . . jack VVi liamson is an Eagle Scout in the B. S. A .... Oh, dear johnny S. and Harry R. are teaching. But Lou C. is bac with us and things oughtta start upoppin' " .... E, Cr! locks favorite song isn't Oh, Iolmnie by accident! . . C. Cross. who is prevented by student teaching fror censoring this, keeps the home fires burning QEI1, I V olk?j. VVe might help the Culture Fund by installir a parking meter in the lower hall, Q Three Guesses: A XVhat "brilliant" boy QFr. Zj asked Dr. Lynch female cows had horns? . . . VVhat ten-cent comic boc is rapidly replacing all college literature? QPssst! Super man.j g I Freshman Lingo: How many of you have succumed to Fr. -Vs "Arch:- SnafHe" lingo? It's been waffled around since a litt: while. Perhaps many of you have been wondering abot the way we freshmen have been talking to each otha. VVe shall attempt to enlighten you. After reading tlr, perhaps you will be able to enlighten us! Arch: name given to all freshmen Archie: lady arch Snaflle: too complex to define YVaffle: any meaning you care to give it On the snorton: on the level Snceburn: used at the end of all sayings Alphabatcric: hll in for poem lXIorphistetcry: fill in for same poem On the Zeeder Zye: locality of freshmen Snaff thc movra: and if so, why not? Kurwenal: we don't know what it means. eithe' Oo Oo Csecond Oo acccntcdg with thunis down VJ: you are done for Phadisee: down to the poolroom. boys Cratcric: so I ain't neat Isley laddo: this means you TOWER LIGH' Laddess: lady laddo Yea-a Mauro: form of greeting or salutation Hottentotten: hippa-dippa Phatisadel: gimme sumpin' XVe trust this has given you a start. If interested in nvestigating further. please consult "Grand Arch" irieger, Freshman 4. O Jur Dorm Students: S. Baker and Mary M. have been making nocturnal 'isits to Richmond parlor. We wonder what would happen if the Frosh Pres. -ver got the VVrights wrong or the wrong Wright? But hat couldn't be because two VVrights can't make him vrong for can they?j. Lou H. and Ruth are so much so that they even feed zach other bits of food at the breakfast table. i VVhose ring are you wearing, Ronnie? Why? Ask Curly what he learned at a Fr. Hallowe'en party. Practice makes perfect! . Are you inquisitive? Ask Ralph Lanei about the 'dogf' Ask Lillian S. about M. W. O Jnceremonious Finis: WVell, that's about all we have to impart to you right prow. VVe hope you've enjoyed us! WE CAME, WE SAW, WE LEFT 1Continued from Page ZSH thirty to forty members working in the Guild. y "Have you been with the Guild long?" , "For four years, ever since l left State Teachers Col- yegef' A'Have you studied draniaties or had any voice train- ng?Y7 'Al studied at Peabody for a year and had some ex- ,ierience with the St. Louis Opera Company during the ummer." i "Do you enjoy the work?" y "Oh, yes indeed. l'm crazy about it!" yi XVith this information, thank yous, and good-byes, uve left the charniing Miss Gehring with the intention if seeking interviews of the other members of the cast. ls we came from the stage we saw that the other women, who by this time had finished dressing. were beginning to tear down some of the brown paper that lllivided the room in two. Squeals of delight from the lvomen on one side - shouts of consternation from lhe men on the other side - - VVe left! l QMARCH - 1940 Complinzerzts of STEVENSON 'S lowers 304 AIGBURTH ROAD TOWSON, MD. Phone Tuxedo 1335 F R A N K M A L A C H RETAIL ck IVHOLES.-1LE DEALER IN Eggs and Poultry 5914 YORK ROAD BALTIMORE Reference Books? Try IIIICIISCIIILD K 0 IIN 8: C0. Baltilnore 1VIason's Service Station Betboline - Richfield Gasoline Official AAA Station 2-l-Hour Service TOWSON, MD. - Phone, Towson 55-E GUARANTEED WATCH REPAIR , a Nezlls Charles Street at Lexington Compliments of . . . TOWSON THEATER The bmah .Rational Bank uf illiutnsnn, jllllh. LOUISE BEAUTY SHOPPE 32 YORK ROAD - Phone, TOWSON 1022 CONVENIENT FOR COLLEGE Specializing in Individual Styling and New Wella Hair Treatment People with Discriminating Tastes Prefer Esskay Quality MEAT PRODUCTS 34 Service Station To Freshmen MANY FRESPIMEN have asked. f'VVhat is studen teaching? ls it as bad as they say? How much does i count? Is it important to work while at the College? Briefly, I shall attempt to answer these perplexin queries. Student teaching is a term applied to that portion C the time in the life of the student of State Teacheij College when he puts into practice the theories he ha, acquired during his career at the College. There ar' two terms of student teaching - one in the junior yea' and one in the senior year, each of nine weeks' duratior Student teaching is carried on by city students in varior. schools throughout the city, called practice center: County students do their student teaching either in th Campus School or at nearby county schools. Each stil dent gets one term in a primary grade-first, second, c third, and one term in an intermediate grade - fourtlv J. ji 4. l ! C 4 fifth, or sixth. flu the county. the seventh grade is als. T utilized by our student tcaehcrsj Usually there are twj students at each practice center. VVhile out practic' teaching or student teaching fthe terms are synonj mousj, the students are under the guidance of expr, rienced people in the field of education. These peopl are called practice teachers. Their job is to instruct an to guide the prospective teacher. After the student his spent nine weeks in the center, each practice teaehcj gives him a rating and fills out a gray sheet upon which is written an objective account of his work, teachiri: personality traits. attitude, etc. Upon the completion of both terms of student teael ing, the two marks are averaged according to the con bined judgment of the two practice teachers and tl' College supervisors who have seen the student teacl This final student teaching mark is very. very. impo, tant because it is averaged with one's rating on the Ba' timore City Professional Examinations to detcrmir one's ranking on the city lists. The answer to: "Is student teaching hard?" is ni easy to give in a short space. It depends to a great e tent upon the individual student and the indiyidui' teacher of practice. lf one has a good background ar the ability to organize work with reasonable facility. li will find student teaching not as hard as it would othc wise be. Still. it must be admitted that a greater per cel' of those who have been out student teaching will nf hesitate to tell you that there is more work attachci to teaching than there is to attending and prepariii for class at the College. One does not have to go o' student teaching to know that it is more difficult f teach others than it is for one to learn. lt is difficult to be more specific than this. for hc' TOWER LIGH' A L nany hours one spends in the practice center. and how lnany hours one spends at home in preparation depend Xrntirely upon how fast the individual can do his work. lnd how much work the specific practice teacher re- Qiuires. lt is only natural that some practice teach- prs require more work than others, although there has 'xeen an attempt to equalize the amount of work that is required. -F "ls it important to work while at the College?" hly linswer is, yes. l have two specific reasons for saying this. L l. lt has been found that there is a high correlation between people who receive high scholastic marks, and lhose who come out high in the professional examina- fions which are given at the end of the four years in the College ffor city studentsj . i 2. XVhat the individual learns at the College aids him lgreatly in the organization and presentation of his work ivhile teaching. ii 3. For the county student. the scholastic average Eneans even more. for this average. the student teaching piark. and the teachers personality are the elements Lvhich influence the County Supervisors' selection of a ireaeher. --- Student teaching is the pe1'iod when one puts into practice that which one has theorized upon. discussed api the various classes at the College, read about. and Lhought about. During this experience, one comes into rrontact with the class-room situation and finds what the gietual situation is like. One comes back from student reaching with the feeling that there is much more to be ltudied and learned. My sincere advice is to study and yearn before going out student teaching so that YOU ivill lic prepared to put forth your best effort in an at tempt to prove your worth, Remember that a little extra ifffort now may save you precious hours in your practical 'est l ff rnrnrirs mir IN THE cAMPus scnooi. !fContinued from Page 29D children participated in bhe acting. Did the fathers see the educational value of yihat period? The new education is the education of ex- perience, realized in part through the function of the petivities program. ii The climax was the assembly program: a great gath- flrring of fathers and their children - the fathers. sym- polic of XVashingtong the children, his fellow country- Lnen - ever desirous to be like the patriarch: idealistic. knowing that active cooperation was demanded in ttaining their ideals. The Gettysburg Speech of Lin- uoln was resaidg songs of patriotism resungg and the yyfkmerican Hag was featured, under the care of Cirl and Boy Scouts. 'l'he symbolism was complete in its univer- yyiralityz America's past and America's present. JMARCH - 1940 i l A Deposit of 551.00 Opens ll Cbecleiug Acmznzl in llae CHECKMASTER Plan at The Ulintnsun yatinual Bank TOWSON. MD. Our only charge is livc cents for each check drawn and each deposit, Est. 1886 Telephones, Towson -1 and 5 lt's really a home when it's planted by Towson! Towson URSERIES Ao YORK ROAD INC. N TOWSON, MD. I U E C H E H m ".-Ilzwlyx Cowl Tiiftr' Civic Clubs, Churches, lfratcrnal Organizations, ind .Xll Social Gatherings NYill Profit by the SPIVCI,-XI. C1aoUP lliueias on l3altiniorc's lfincst Ice Cream, Also Special Molds and Ice Cream Cakes for Birthdays, lloliday Parties and Iloinc Gatherings Order from Your Nearest IUICLVALE Dealer or 'l'elephonc UNivcrsity ll5l DELVALE DAIRIES, INC. 2050 HARFORD RoAD - - Uisrivefsifyiisi UUR QUALITY OUR SERVICE OUR PRICES Are Plczmzezz' To Please Y011 HUTZLER BFQTH Eli? Ci 36 BANKING SERVICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL Personal Loans -UIQ Investment Certificates issued in multiples Of, of S50.00. Interest payable January lst S100 to S1000 and July lst At Fair Rates. IVE INVITE YOUR INQUIRY Citizens' Industrial Bankers, Inc. 104 ST. PAUL STREET - - - - BALTIMORE, MARYLAND 1 You Wfill Be A Wfeleome Depositor In Ulibz Bank uf Baltimore Qllnuntp YORK ROAD . . . TOWSON, MD. Deposits Guaranteed to 55,000.00 Science Answers . Scientifically speaking. cold is the complete absence of molecular motion. Therefore. a definite answer to this question is impossible, . Tlieoretieally. homogeneous light is light which is made up of waves of one definite length. The coldest cold ever obtained by scientific expcrif ment is l 20 of a degree ccntigrade above Absolute Zero. . Sixty-six degrees below zero Fahrenheit was record- ed at the Yellowstone National Park in XVyoming on February 9. 1933. . :X pressure of l.-I-l0.000 pounds per square inch was produced at Harvard University. . :X surface of T60 square miles of ground was record- ed by a camera used by the United States Coast and Ceodetic Survey. . Robert XYadlow. of Alton, Illinois, towers S feet. 3 and 3i inches into the atmosphere. . The oldest and largest tree is located in Mexico and has a circumference of l0S feet. lt is believed to be more than 2.500 years old. . Some scientists have computed the age of the Earth to be between two and three billion years. . There are as many known molecules as there are compounds. Approximately 2.'500.000.000 individuals inhabit the Earth. . There are as manv known atoms as there are elef ments. or 92. O Freshmen In Sports .ALBERT Rant THE FRESHMEN have made a commendable showing in the fall and winter sports of the College namely, soccer and basketball, More than one-third ol the freshmen men have participated in varsity and jun ior varsity sports. ln addition. the class as a whole turnec in a fine performance on Play Day, capturing the trophy by amassing the greatest number of points. Their mos! notable feat was a hard-fought victory in the softbal' game with the sophomores. Among the freshmen who turned out for the soccc' team were Edgar Fishel. VX'illard Caver. and Marvin Klompus. Fishel showed great promise and has an ex cellent chance of winning a regular fullback post Ol next years varsity. Caver was also a fullback on the jun ior varsity, while Klompus was regular junior varsity in side-right. Other freshmen on the soccer squad were Cordon Sehules and Solomon Chaikin. An unusually large mnnber of freshmen men cami out for basketball. and two of these landed regula berths on the junior varsity five. They were Isaa- Sehldoven. and Fishel. who was high point scorer of thu team and who will probably play with the varsity nex fall. Other freshmen members of the junior varsitj squad were: Oscar Brilliant. Kloinpus. Robert Lytlt Icrome Pleet. David Hess. Morton Krieger. and Alber Raim. THE MEN'S REVUE 1 Continued from Page IS 1 the good time on thc 29tl" Now don't forget: Mens Revue. March 29. Lon Chaney in The Pliai tom of the Opera. comedies. vaudeville. dancing t l'lorst's styled swing and. perhaps - another attraetio. which you won't want to miss. Wie can't tell you aboi' that now. G, CO.. EAU, TOWER LIGH nj- 1-' , I - v vw ,lf-u - 1 - w-7 w ll--1 -4 If I ,, 'I' ,, , E- as M, ' VF lv' it I ' X " '4 If 1 l r ' A lu! F 1 - 1 w 1 55 iv J 'H-Q1 Three of the counfry's smartest fashion models SUSANN SHAW FLORENCE DORNIN DANA DALE Chesterfield Girls for March Ohio xg 'Dx QQ of s Wav X ,, x I X N. ff .Xa f'X 5 ' Q equi X 0 AA 3 0 'K 'woe' 52 ref' 000 l YOU CANIT BUY A BETTER CIGARETTE WIICII you ask for Clleslerfields i the dealer will say with a smile ...They Satisfy. You will find that Clleslcrficlds smoke cooler, 1 taste better and are definitely milder. ..for Cllesterfields have the right C0lllbillllli0ll if the i W u'0r1cl's best ciffurette lobaccos. , wayne O J byffffkfffzo E Eflprif 1940 ower .Eiqkf Xi t ffllg SLEIJ DUGS...YEAR'S SUPPLY UF SLOW-BURNING CAMEL CIGARETTES ACCUMPANY ADMIRAL BYHD T0 ANTARCTIC -in .46 ite Z Rr: 'Sf' it A Af '. r' T43 . ,, e gk-4, .,.i.. - I .T ,- I, X- V , H., t . 4, e 5' I ali -I 5 v rm xo? J r Y' f U s- ' 3 P' I' P, if fi Ip aim JS "MORE PLEASURE PER PUFF...MORE PUFFS PER PACK"... That's how these three members of the U. S. Antarctic expedition tell of the advantages of slow-burning Camels. Richard Moulton, senior dog-driver lrentez-J. says: "Slow burning is my measure of a milder. cooler, more flavorful smoke. I'd sledge a mile for a Camel." Nothing destroys a cigarettes delicate elements of flavor and fragrance like excess heat. Cigarettes that burn fast also burn hot. Camels are slower-burning...milder. mellower. and-naturally-cooler! Camels give you more pleasure per puff...and more puffs per pack free rigbll. FUR MILDNESS, COOLNESS, AND FLAVUR sei...-M , 4 ff- X xS,gr..,f I gp-W l w.. g . xx P wl- Y awe ii T IF YOU WERE LEAVING TODAY tO liX'ef'Ol'aWl'xOl6 year on the barren ice of the Antarctic. and if right uou' you had to choose the one brand of cigarette you would smoke through those months -you'd make sure you picked the right brand. The men on the Antarctic expedition were in a situation like that. The picture above shows what happened: The expedition took Camels! Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd explained: "Slow-burn- ing Camels are a great favorite with us. You can be sure we have plenty." You. yourself. may never go near the South Pole. but the right cigarette is important to yon. too. Camels give you exlra mildness. exlfa coolness, exn-.1 Havor-plus extra smoking in every pack. fsee lzelouuj In recent laboratory tests. CAMELS burned 2592 slower than the average of the 15 other of the largest-selling brands tested-slower than any of them. That means. on the aeMeL3 EELHTmg psf, 2 EXTRA i'E 5 SMOKBS .Wmwm,3 ITR . ...... ..,f IHCK! R N I Cupyrigln,1f1l0,R..l.Rcj-Annlds T-ibn :"4 nllviiipziriy, Winston-Salem, N. C, I rl THE STAFF EDITORS EVELYN A. FIEDLER KATHERINE FRASER RICHARD CUNNINCHALI CHARLES GROSS CIRCULATION ADVERTISING MANAGERS MANAGERS Esther Royston Elizabeth VVeems Margaret Heck Ieanette Iones Virginia Roop Margaret Lowry Norma Cambrill BUSINESS MANAGERS Yvonne Belt Iohn Edward Koontz DEPARTMENT EDITORS Ar! Service Station DOFOUIY SIIOOPS Ieanne Kravetz Alice Trott Miriam Kolodner Audrey Pramsehufer Marguerite SVilSOn Humor Katherine Iacob Frances Shores Elizabeth Melendez Science Lee MCCarriar Iohn Chileoat lanics O'COnnor Athletic: Catherine Paula Nolan Chipinan Library Elizabeth Zentz Audrey' llorner Doris Klank General Literature Nannette Trott Irma Sennlienn Patricia Herndon Music Sydney Baker Exchanges A lilclred Hament Fashions Marie Parr Dorothy Sisk College Events I lelen Pieek A IIIIV Brashears Naney Metzger Mary Di Peppi Editorial CalVin Parker Catherine Crax' Iaines Iett I ALICEMUNN - - AIZIIIEIUIIIC' Editor l QDWVLRLLIALITLI' Vol. XIII if APRIL - 1940 S, No.7 C 0 N T E N T S AN OPEN LETTER . 3 PACIC SOPHOAIORE CLASS SPIRIT . -I FOLLOVVING TRAILS IN THE AIR S ON THE lx-XIACINOT LINE . . , EDUCATION AND PEACE - IXIIONROE . S TREES HAVE SOULS . . . 9 THE FLESH IS XIVIEAK O POEIXIS ....... . ll HOW SV ELL DO YOU KNOXV MARYLAND? . ll BRANCH LIBRARY ..... . 12 MY DAY ..... . l3 ON GOING LIOIXIE FROIXI VVORR . H TAKEN FOR A RIDE . . . . lf, COSIXIIC RAYS . . . l5 HOIXIESPUN PHILOSOPHY . . lf EDITORIALS ..... l S THE LIBRARY - IRT YOUR SERVICE . 19 SPORTS . . . . 20 FASHIONS . 23 MUSIC ..,.... 2-l A PERIOD XVITII OUR HIE,-XL'I'II OFFICER . 25 COLLEGE CALENDAR .... . 26 POSTERS FOR YOU . 33 SO VV HAT . 23 ADVERTISEZXIEN'I'S . . . 30 SV HY I AGREE XVITH IDARXVIN :Al I-IVOXVER LIGIIT SCOOPS COUNTRY . . 32 Design OII Page ll Xlarguerite SYilSOn DeSign O11 Page Z3 lillen Anne lillste Pieture O11 Page 2 llughes Coiiipany Pliotograpli .... . . . LCC 3lCC11fTiH1' THE TOSVER LIGHT iS pulJliSlIed lNOllIlllA' - October through Iune - by the Students Of the State 'leaeliers College at ITYOXYSOII, Maryland ...... . - - : :I -3 w PRR XIIQAVR ' -ll Cillfs LS l7l'll l'Y aiu' -:W ni' iv " 4- 0-'J 5 U, up - .Mila trgrf .I QQ .r Y - Ds. uv CEU' 'HEBREW WEQKCZF' WEQKGW BWSEEZCFP WNW' WHXCGW wreak JKHQKGW' LUEMGU' GUEECGW' WEXGWWE AN itDi1tvrrr,ini lllbllt5'5lItClltlltBIIR M. TIIERESA XVIEDEFELD I FEEL strongly inclined to step out of character. as president of the college, and forgetful of all else for the time being, write only to my class. I may never have another chance. I am adviser to the Sophomore Class, the Class of '42, and that thought brings me more pride than comes from being president of the college and a member of the State Department of Education. I was appointed to preside over the eollegeg the Sophomores elected me to membership in their class. And so, here I leave you, dear readers, to have a talk with them. YV e all came here together, you and I. VVe were all new on that thirteenth of September in l938. You registered and I talked to you at the end of the day. I was as green as you, and you were not as frightened as I. I answered your questions as best I could and I told you what members of the faculty told me you should know. You started off on your own and you have managed your affairs with very little guidance or advice from me. I have sat with you during your class meetings and I have watched you grow. You were a mob of unrestrained, irresponsible. noisy, but enthusiastic young people. You had come from about one hundred different Maryland high schools. You were all striving for expression, and at times you seemed to be headed in a hundred different directions. I marvel at your development. Your cooperative strength is great. You are now a dynamic group of people, learning to assume more and more responsibility. You have exercised wisdom in the selection of your leaders. You have managed your affairs with excellent judgment and good taste. Your jamboree gave oppor- tunity to demonstrate the achievements of your many talented members. and it was delightful. Your dance was an expression of social and artistic standards of the highest order and made me proud that I belonged to you. Your participation in the Physical Education Demonstration gave me a new understanding of your strengths. I was impressed by your skill, your grace, your control, and your creative ability. The air was so charged with class spirit that even though I did not speak I felt that I had lost my voice, and later, when I tried to talk, found myself rather hoarse. VVhen you won the plaque I was A'secretly" proud. You will be remembered as the first full class to enroll for the four year college course, hence the first freshman class which did not have to be broken into city and county groups. I like to believe that you are the real A'Americau Youth". Because of you as such I can vision an era in a changing social order which is full of promise. one teeming with life and vitality. one actuated by wholesome purposes, and guided toward those goals which mean above all else the enrichment of the human per- sonality. You will be my dream come true, and I shall always be jealous for your success and your happiness. C3201-QEQIIICEH-M-HfQllfCf51f, -!l.fQlKQ'f.'lH. 4-Q.EQi21TCim-aiiiiiaa 1-QEQZTKCEQ-1 I aE?2?IIIS'3uf 4-REQKCEQQ UQEJBQEQQ aeibtlisia 43? C315 QQEQAI' SOPHOMORE CLASS SPIRIT EDGAR CLOPPER 'WYHAT THIS college lacls is school spirit." How often we resented this absence of enthusiastic loyalty which caused a minimum of participation in college events! So we decided to do something about it. Our initial problem was to End some way by which we could develop the few remnants of spirit which existed. As a possible solution we planned to offer more opportunities for students to display their college spirit in the development of projects for the year. Under the capable leadership of Aaron Seidler the Sophomore jamboree was planned and executed. lt was a grand success. Those who were present gave their whole-hearted support. and in doing so enjoyed themselves thoroughly. It was the success of this first attempt that proved to us that we were on the right track. The Student Council bought, earlier in the year. a badminton set to be used by the entire student body. XVe immediately saw this opportunity. and took ad- vantage of it. Virginia VVhite. who ranks second in the womenis division of badminton amateurs in Mary- land. was appointed to arrange a tournament in which the faculty as well as the student body might partici- pate. On College Night, after the tournament is ended. two trophies will be presented: one to the winner in the womens division. and one to the men's champion. You are hereby invited to compete for the prizes: they are yours for the taking. You may ask. "How were the Sophomores able to administer this program for the development of school spirit?" First. we have a great deal of talent in our class, ranging from orchestra leaders. to cham- pions in sport and leaders in community affairs. Sec- Sophomore TOWER LIGHT STAFF General Chairmen: PAIRICLA HERMJON EDGAR CLOPPER Music: Mildred Snyder Katharine Zirkle Eugene XVebster Lhtf jane Disney Henry Astrin Audrey Pramschufer Charles Guertler Sports: Aaron Seidler Dorothy Shinham Nolan Chipman Fashions: Alice Crane Ellen Elste Humor: Frances Shores Margaret Carter Editorials: Edgar Clopper Fredrica Biedermann Science: Iohn Chilcoat Norma Gambrill Assemblies: leannette Iones Margaret Zillmor General Literature: Madeline Cabell Mary Bickle Agnes Kernan ond, we have the will-to-work. Since we have thes requirements. we can justly conclude that we hav college spirit. Vve believe we are doing our part, but please r member that we need your cooperation! Show us th our work is not without results by your whole-heartee participation-not only on College Night-but in every day affairs of the College. CWB S0jl9lZ0l'lZOI'65 Fmxcns SHORES IT XYAS the day after the Sophomores had won the Girls' Demonstration that the inspiration to write this hit me. However. the incentive lay not in our prowess in battle. but in Miss Bader. After the allair was over. noble words concerning the Sophomores rang through the cavity in my head. My vocal cords showed signs of a permanent collapse and caused me to indulge in a bit of Listerine. When I retired. the bot- 4 I tle appeared to be three-fourths full. but the neil. morning it was empty. Evidently. in the excitemeif' of our victory. I must have drunk it for want r something better. But. to get back to the incentive. it was in histoir class the next day that my noble thoughts concernir my class were waylaid as I tried to explain in some ui certain terms what the commons on a feudal manr TOWER LIGH4 I u i 2 ! E l j' species. On each band, whether it be the ponderous I r I 'were The "is you is, not is you aint!" from the in- structor took the wind out of my sails, and I decided ithat I didn't know what I was talking about. It was lthen that I determined to be very particular about the ltcrms I applied to people, places, and things. Later, 'on my way to the library, I encountered Aaron Seidler, whose chest had expanded ten inches. The word Hsoph- omore' was being used at random. Then it dawned 'on me that since I didn't know much about a commons, I might certainly be a little vague as to just what a Sophomore is. Consequently, I went in to consult ,Mix Vfebster Cy not Eugene the violinist, but Noah the philologistj. Much to my surprise, I found that we Sophs have been calling ourselves names. The word "sophomore" comes from two Greek words which mean "wise fool." Cf course, being a wise fool is a step better than being just a fool. but jthey are both bad enough. For a while I had the notion of demanding that a publication containing such de- grading remarks bc removed from the library. but on second thought I decided there might be some truth sin it. "Sophomore, is also associated with the Greek or- der known as Sophists. Since I have yet to engage in the study of Monroes History of Education, I can state only a few facts concerning them. Originally the Sophists were "wise men" who established in Greece a curriculum that included science. mathematics, and languages. Ilistory does not say whether they advocated flash cards in math and projects in science. Later the Sophists came to excel in argumentation, though they frequently disregarded truth and judgment in order to have the last word. That, I suppose, is where we come in. Ilaving had the seeds of knowledge sown in our Freshman year, we are probably in a state in which we think we know a lot, but really know very little. Sophomores are also dehned as innnature, shallow. and bombastic. Although I resent the adjectives used to describe our order, I must admit that immaturity is directly related to my number sense. So we Sophomores are the wise fools who won the Girls' Demonstration and who are blossoming with spirit. But despite all philology says tpersorially, I wouldn't put a thing past those ancient Creeks after the predicament they left me in during a test last yearj, we still think we are a very. very good class- we sophomores. Following Trails In The Air IN THE old Department of Agriculture building in XVashington, occupying only a few feet of frontage on fone of its endless corridors. is one of the most inter- 'esting suites of oflices in the world. This is the head- 'quarters of a unique research project. Here Frederick C. Lincoln, biologist in charge of research in bird migration, and his several associates keep their lingers on the pulse of bird movement in the Americas. Across Mr. Lincoln's desk flows a constant stream of reports, the neatly tabulated results of thousands of lield hours of watching. trapping, and banding birds. .From the Arctic Qcean to Terra del Fuego more than 900 species of birds wear the distinctive aluminum or copper bands of the Biological Survev. Millions of r, individuals have been banded. And for everv band .placed a record eventually finds its way across Mr. r Lincoln's desk and into his ever-growing files. A bird so banded may then unwittingly reveal in- teresting facts about the habits and movements of its copper circlet fashionable for the legs of eagles and r condors or the tiny wisps of aluminum worn by hum- ' APRIL - 1940 ming birds and kinglets, certain information is stamped. There is a series of mnnbers and. in conspicuous let- ters. "Notify Biological Survey, XVashington. D. C." Each band is registered in the XVashington Oflice. as is the name of the person to whom it was issued. YVhen the band is placed on a bird, information con- cerning time, location, and species is compiled by the bander for the Survey. The released bird may then provide further data in a number of ways. It may return often to the trap where it was first banded. Always its number is read and its presence recorded by the station operator. It may be taken by a trapper hundreds of miles from where it was banded. thus showing distance of migration. It may be caught far away quite soon after banding. and a fact concerning speed of migration may be rc- corded. It may return to the same home ground year after year. Longevity information may thus accumulate. A bird sometimes is trapped by station after station along its migration route, and the actual lane of travel plotted with great accuracy. Even its desiccatcd dead body or a fragment of leg still bearing the band may 5 find its way back to the Survey via some interested cooperator. Bands have been found in the stomachs of iish, frogs and reptiles. Often information concern- ing manner of death accompanies the returned band, thus closing the record for that individual with a final useful bit of data. Bird banding was not begun by the Government. Enthusiastic amateurs invented the technique, and they remain the chief practitioners of it. The first band- ing to be done in the Americas was when john Audubon, in 1803, marked a brood of fledgling phoebes by wrapping a leg of each with silver wire. He had the amazing luck to have two of his birds return to the same location to nest the following year. In 1909, an organization called the American Bird Banding Association came into existence. Its members used bands of various manufacture and design, and laid the foundation for the solving of many biological riddles by the data they accumulated. Some banders of those earlier days designed and even made their own bands. This experimentation was of value, and gradu- ally the most suitable types of bands evolved. Some oddities appeared. The now famous lack Miner banded the ducks and geese that came to his sanctuary with bands on which were stamped not only his name and address, but often a verse of Scripture as well. The migratory bird treaty act of l9I8, and treaties with Canada and Mexico providing for the safety of birds migrating across their borders, led our govern- ment finally to assume full responsibility for bird band- ing in North America. Bands, methods of record keepf ing and the like were standardized, and all other band- ing outlawed. Those students desiring to use this method of study were investigated, and if found worthy were issued special permits to operate banding stations. Helpful information on the construction of traps, bait- ing, handling of birds, and similar topics went out constantly from the Biological Survey offices. The bird banding organizations of the nation, by this time three in number, cooperated whole-heartedly. They formed a loose federation of bird banding cooperatives, with the journal Bird-Banding as their official organ. This small journal cannot now accommodate the volume of studies made by the bird banding method, and thousands of interesting articles have appeared in the nation's other ornithological publications, notably The Auk, The VVilson Bulletin, and, on the Pacific coast, The Condor. The banding technique has been modified in a number of ways by students of special topics or by species of unusual habit. Perhaps the most interesting iimovation is color banding. In order that individual birds may be identiiied in the field without the necessity 6 of rctrapping, colored celluloid bands in recorded com-f bination are placed on the bird's legs in addition to the Biological Survey band. Thus a cardinal known to frequent a certain area may be given a yellow band over a red band on the right leg, and a blue band over the Survey band on the left leg. The combination may easily be seen with a good field glass, and the identity of the bird established at any time. Much life history and territory study is now being done with this tech-j nique. For instance, any reader of this might possibly, see. along the Bay, Herring gulls with gaudy bandj combinations. These birds are banded each year on theirj nesting grounds on islands off the New England coastf and at certain other locations. lf the color eombina-, tions can be accurately seen it might be well to record them: the banders would be happy to have any news: of their birds. Bird banding is not, of course. confined to the Ameri-j cas. It is now practised all over the world. English bird journals abound in studies made by bird "ringing".- North African ostriches have been roped and bands off galvanized iron affixed by diligent application of aj soldering iron. Australians have banded the almost extinct Kiwi. On VVake and Midway Islands, the Laya san albatrosses and gannets are banded by hundreds each year. And even now, among other things, thg scientihc assistants of the ubiquitous Admiral Byrd may perhaps be placing bands on the great Emperor pen- quins of Antarctica. ,V The bird banding cooperators of the Americas are: as varied as they well could be. From at least one old? lady in a wheel chair who bands twenty or thirty bird Tj a year at a window feeding shelf, to trained biologistsj who band thousands of such colonial or gregariousf forms as ducks, gulls. chimney swifts, and even vulturesg Mr. Lincoln's permit holders form an interesting array., So strategically are they located that the migrating' hordes of birds must tilter through a sieve of banding stations. In addition to the banding work, each stations is a sanctuary, where food and safety await the birds- Thus the mechanical requirements of conservation: the esthetic advantages of augmented numbers oil song birds, and the data for the solving of many phases of the riddle of migration, all are provided by birc.. banding. Q At the State Teachers College our banding statior.. is new. However, more than thirty birds already wear' our bands, and some of these have returned more thai' once to the traps. NVC hope eventually to find out 2' great deal about the movements of our campus birdsr and believe that the station will become one of thc most interesting of the perennial activities of our Del partment of Science. T O WE R LI G H 'li I- l i. I V A I n The aginot Line QA letter direct from the Frontj I Thank you very much for your letter received some ldays ago when I was in France. I am at present still in the Army but as I am a Theological student, the 1VVar Office has fetched me back from France and in due course I shall be released from the Army to con- tinue studying. As Colleges are greatly affected by the war I am not certain that I shall be able to get ad- 'mitted until after the war. in which case I shall proba- Qbly apply for a Commission, so at the moment I am rather uncertain as to what will happen next. but I expect I shall know within the next few weeks. As my letters are probably not censored now I can itell you far more than I could of my five months in 5Franec. It is a very hard life indeed which takes some getting used to. 'l'he food, though good, is not nearly llike home made. and is eaten in a very primitive fashion. iVVe always slept on the floor, though this was not nearly so bad once the knack of sleeping almost on one's fface was learned. I did not see one war casualty out 'there and I think that the number is under twenty for Wall the B.E.F. I did quite a lot of nursing of ordinary sickness and casualties through road accidents. etc.. and gained a lot of experience that will be very useful lto me in years to come, I really liked the nursing part las I felt I was doing something to help the fellows in- lstead of just hanging about and waiting. I have even fhad to help the doctors perform minor operations. As to the war itself, I did a spell of a fortnight up in fthe Line. I was with the troops who have taken over id sector of the Maginot Line. NVhile I was there. there pvas considerable artillery action but as I have said, not gone British casualty. Apart from the artillery and night lpatrols things are very quiet indeed. The Nlaginot Line lis a simply marvellous fortification and the French claim that it would take a million men to break it down yis no idle boast. If Hitler does ever overcome the Magi- fnot. he will not have enough men left to carry on the lrwar with. My personal opinion is that the Siegfried and Maginot Lines are both practically invincible and lthat when and if this war does really develop on land. lit will either be through Belgium or Holland on one fsicle. or Roumania and the Near-East on the other. The yAir Force and Navy seem to be having all the work at ypresent, though the Navy lads have got a thankless ftask searching for German mines, particularly the mag- fnetic mines which are lying on the bed of the sea and are. of course, invisible. Being on the east coast. C-reat IAPRIL - 1940 Yarmouth sees much of the Navy's activity and I ada mire the spirit of those lads very much. The cast coast also gets its share of air raid warnings. In fine weather at the front we had air raid alarms going almost all day and I have got so used to them now that they pass almost unheeded. l do not know the boy you mention in the R.A.N.C.. but since during the war the medical services are so I great it would be almost impossible for me to find him. Do you know what Unit he is in? I am sorry to disappoint your two girl friends but pen pals or the eoimnencing of pen friendships by the B.IE.F. is very much discouraged with all due apologies to your friends, because of the spy trouble. Many fora eign agents. both in England and abroad. try this means of getting information from the troops and we were told that it must stop. Anyway the letters would proba- bly be stopped by the censor. If you reply to my home address above, my mother can forward your letter to me wherever I am. back in the Army or at College. I hope that I shall be able to return to College. as the Army life is far from inspiring, and while there is nothing doing it seems such a waste of valuable time. Surely the Army would not miss just one! I hope I have not bored you with all this war and army talk but I have heard nothing else for the last few months. I shall be pleased to hear from you again as soon as you have time to write. Yours sincerely. bl.-yrrureic. PS. I have met many of the Canadians in England and their accent or intonation. whichever it can be called. rather fascinated me. RAIN B. A. Br A'I"l'IiR XVhcn we are sad enough to ery. Cod gathers up our tears Then sends them back to bless thc earth And quiets all our fears. 'I I I A u Education and Peace -- Mormon NiXNNET'FE TROTT rlliss Trott. as the delegate of Epsilon Alpha Chapter of Kappa Delta Pi to the Biennial Convocation in St. Louis, here reviews the address of Dr. Paul Monroe, Professor Emeritus of Education. Teachers College, Columbia University. on the significant subject, "What Can Formal Education Contribute to Further International Understanding and International Peace?"p TO PROVE that this question is a vital one, we have only to consider the three great wars going on at the present time involving two-thirds of the popu- lation of the world. Surely, no greater proof is needed to show that the question has not been settled. and that we. as liuinanitarians and educators, must still seek an answer to it. It is my sincere opinion that the problem of hostility between peoples can only be solved by education. In spite of wars some progress has been made toward the goal of international peace. In the first place, practically no people of the world really want war. All agree that wars are futile and unsuccessful in that they accomplish nothing. Even the German people, raised in a totalitarian ideal of government. would agree with us if we could get their honest opinion. This same at- titude would not have been so general a hundred or even fifty years ago. In the second place we have dem- onstrated that educational methods can control masses of people. This is particularly true of the Italian, Rus- sian, and German schools which use the same methods but have different aims. They have done a more thorough job than we, and have shown us that we have much to learn from them about education. In the third place we have demonstrated the use of the very modern methods of education-the radio and cinema. In this. too. we are far inferior to the Germans. Italians. and Russians who have demonstrated the effectiveness of these two agents. If we, as educators, do not use and control the radio and cinema, some other less com' petent othcials will use them in the wrong way. and completely abolish the privilege of adult education. The Persian government is buying the whole system of schools and placing the cinema and radio under inili- taristic influences. Can we in America afford to sell our educational birthright for a mess of pottage? XVhat then can we as educators do? In the first place we can control the curriculum material and purge it of the hostile and erroneous ideas which are all too prevalent in our textbooks. In a recent attitudes test given several groups of school children. the following 1 get these prejudiced ideas which have in them thi roots of intense race prejudices," we might well asl-I It is surely the responsibility of educators to contrd the sources of education. I In the second place we must make war as abhorren to children as we have made crime. XVC have done r good job in belittling crime, but too many of us fa to condemn war with equal vehemence. ' ln the third place we must use terms properly sl that they make clear what we really want to say. Fe example. the killing of innocent Chinese and Poles 5 7 murder, not war. YY e must bring about a eondemnatio: of aggressive warfare. ' In the fourth place we must remain optimists. Havi children realize that the human race is advancing. an. that. although we have always had war. it does nc. necessarily follow: that we must always have war. f we believe in progress. we cannot say that becaus others have reverted to the methods Neolithic ma would have used. we, too, must do it. In the fifth place we must rally youth loyalty aroun the idea of a super state. XVe are never going to solvr problems of international scope until we have som.. thing bigger than a mere nation or a nationalistic feel ing. XVe must be willing to sacrifice something thi? we prize for the common good of all. XVhat then woul: keep us from having a United States of Europe? Finally, if we wish to love our neighbor, we mug know our neighbor-for understanding breeds sympath' and sympathy breeds love. Let us seek to form a' quaintanceships between people of different group America is in a better position to do this than ar other country. Let us. then. rally all our forces arour the flags of all the world to promote understanding arf tolerance. Tourist: 'The Indians certainly don't say much." Government Agent: "They have their reservations A man paying his bill at a fashionable hotel notiecw ideas were expressed: Iapanese are queer, primitive, A- a sign above the door. "Have you left anything?" and bloodthirsty: Mexicans crazy: Germans are erooksg I Quickly he went back and said to the manager: "Thi and the Chinese. opium-eaters. "VVhere do childrent signs wrong: it should read. 'Have you anything left?' 8 TOWER LIGI-If li I i l I i I I 'I li l 4 I l I I I I l r I I I I I i I I I 71 i i I I I I l l Trees ave Souls EL1zABE'r11 M. Lewis OH. YES, trees have souls. Did you ever stop to wonder about that strange, tall combination of beauty against the morning sun? That apple tree. that cedar, that maple, pine, ash, oak, spruce, elm. hickory? Oh, I could go on naming them forever-each so closely related, and yet each so completely different. Growing in the same earth, shining in the same rain, breathing the same air, enjoying the same sunshine. Alas, lashed by the same tempest, split by the same lightning, beaten by the same cruel blows of mankind, broken by the same ice and snow, growing on the same hilltop, yet each producing so different an individual! Yes. not even among humans are there two souls alike. Trees have ideals-great, magnificent ideals! Each tree belongs to a certain family, each family having its own group of habits. aspirations, and ideals. VVher- ever they may grow, there is always the trace of that iremembered family ideal. The elm strives to be fairy- like and graceful! poplars strive for beautiful lines, straight, tall and majestic! The oaks strive for masculine beauty, and great, strong limbsg while the apple trees ambition is to be lovely. XVho has not been impressed by the wealth of beauty the apple tree displays in the springtime. Alas, many of them fail to fulfill their am- bitions, but is it not so even among humans? Sometimes I think that the greatest ambition among the tree families is to do great and good things for the betterment of humanity. Looking about me. I cannot help but feel that most of them have been successful. XVhat beautiful dresses they don purely for our end joyment! VVho among us might have pink apple blos- soms in bloom for his hat, topped with real birds for decoration? VV hat would we not give for a gown luxuri- antly figured with great magnolia blossoms? Oh, what friendship exists among the tree family! Together they strive to fulfill their ideals. I have seen them join hands and grow together, where there is hardly room for one. I am sure no other group of individuals could so clearly understand the true meaning of friendship. Each sacrifices its own completeness for the sake of sharing with a friend. Do I hear someone who doubts the existence of souls among the tree family? The Flesh Is Weak NOLAN CIHPMAN THE SKY is dotted with millions of stars. A gentle breeze is quietly rustling the plentiful june foliage. In the driveway of the Cromwell cottage, Ronald Mase- tield slowly opens the door of his black coupe and lazily swings his long legs to the ground. He is a handsome eighteen-year-old, faultlessly attired in sum- mer "formal." As he walks across the lawn, he looks at his watch and nods slightly with satisfaction as the radium dots tell him that he is ten minutes late. On the second step of the porch, he pauses to make a half- turn about and flicks his cigarette through the air in a long arch, watching until the tiny meteor buries it- self in the grass. His second ring of the door bell is answered by Mrs. Cromwell. 'Coocl evening, Ronald." "Good evening," said Ronald as he strode over the familiar threshold. "Make yourself comfortableg jane will be down in a minute." Ronald sat down, just a little annoyed, but with a resigned look on his face. As always. Mrs. Crom- well opened the conversation. APRIL - 1940 HRonald, aren't you glad that examinations are over?" "Yes, I really am!" "I know you are, My husband and I were talking at the supper table last night about his college days. XYhy Herbert used to sit up all night and study and often . . At this point, her voice trailed through space, Ronald was dreamily anticipating the interval between the end of the dance and the arrival home at some time in the morning. Ilowever, he nodded slowly, knowing that this would suflice to keep Mrs. Cromwell talking for a few minutes. Suddenly he heard, 'AHow's your Mother and Dad?" Automatically the reply was. "Oh they're fine," and as an afterthought, "Doc says that Dad can start back to the oflice in a week." Mrs. Cromwell didn't notice the contradiction, but began discussing her own ailing kidneys as Ronald kept nodding and changing his facial expression at prace tised intervals. By habit, he glanced at his watch. Mrs. Cromwell interpreted the signal and called upstairs. "jane dear! Ronald is waiting." 9 "I know Mother. And where is the lipstick that I just bought?" "It's in my bureau. In the upper right-hand drawer." "Thanks, and Mother. tell Ronnie that I'll be down in a minute." "Ronnie" limply bared his teeth as he heard the message first hand. Mrs. Cromwell walked back into the room. "jane is always late for her dates. I don't know what I'll do with her," she said with a noticeable amount of pride in her voice. Ronald remained silent-not that he wouldn't have liked to say something. Yes, jane always was late. True, she was lovely, she did possess a rare amount of charm and wit. but that was no excuse for always making him wait. Other girls just as popular always jumped at the chance to go out with him, and were always ready on time. XVell, they were not quite as popular. Ronaldjs eyes glowed as he thought of jane's eyes. her lips, her smile. Mrs. Cromwell awakened him. "I suppose jane does have an excuse this time, because the fellows didn't bring her and Marion home from the shore until seven o'clock. They said something about the car breaking down." Ronald looked up. For the first time that day, he was really awake. So jane had gone to the beach with Bob Lynch, that trombone player who was old enough to be her father. fTwenty-two, to be exact.j "Did they have a nice time down at the shore?" he asked, vainly trying to conceal any interest. "Yes, jane said that she had a marvelous time. You know, I didn't want to let her go, but she pleaded so and Mr. Lynch brought his married sister along so I thought it would be all right. And jane did have such a fine time." Ronald wished that he hadn't asked the question. He suddenly attached great importance to an Esquire which was lying on the sofa, and began thumbing through its cartoons, hoping to get the thought of Lynch and janejs being together out of his mind. As he was studying one of Petty's drawings, Mrs. Cromwell excused herself, and walked upstairs. He could hear her voice in the upper hall. "jane, dear. please hurry. You have kept Ronald waiting twenty minutes now." "All right, Mother, Ronnie docsn't mind. After all, you know it isn't my fault. YVhere is the tie to my white wrap?" Ronald was beginning to think. So he didn't mind, NO, he never did. Probably didn't count either. It was all very amusing. Mr. Lynch had a date all day, faked car trouble to get home late, and now. he, Ronald. had 10 to wait a half-hour for Her Highness. No, Ronald didn'tl mind. Shed see. He wanted to be a hermit anyh0w.' NVait until jane dear came down, IrIe'd tell her once' and for all. right here. Yes, right here in front of her' mother. If jane thought she could make a monkey out' of him. The same thing had happened night after night. XVas he a man or not? Maybe not, but it didn't take so much guts to tell a woman where to get off if one went about it in the . . . f'Hellooo! Really am a little sorry to have been Soi long." jane had appeared in the doorway. He looked, up and beheld a vision of loveliness swishing into the- room. V jane looked at him. "Get that odd look off your face. I'm not quite so fascinating that you must stand gaping, but . , . " she drawled through soft, perfect lips. Finally, Ronald recovered enough to hold her wrap. Her sudden appearance had made it possible to discern his thoughts. His knees were actually twitching. I "Be careful with these, theyre lovely," said jane as she smiled her sweetest and she put the box of flowers in his arms. By this time Ronald had regained some of his customary composure. ' f'Good night, Mrs. Cromwell." he said as he fol lowed jane through the doorway. On the porch. he helci her hand as tightly as a vise. but the serene faraway look on his face made jane wonder and forget to winced 1 HAVE YOU LIVED ? RIADELINE CABELL v 1 Have you heard at dawn's break j The sound of birds as they wake, Beheld the golden sun come up. Pouring from its shining cup All the beauty of heaven? Then you've lived. i Have you seen through the day As people travel on their way Happy thoughts expressed by smiles? Have you for love walked extra miles? XVith heart full, ended the day? Then you've lived. Have you watched as twilight falls The sun go behind heaven's walls? Seen the birds as they homeward wing? Does your heart with a prayer sing As you enter home-your palace halls? I Then you've lived. TOWER LIGHV' J I if .i ' . . 1 5'5" I ' -ii' ' angina: fi, sf f gi 'ff ' " ,if ..i:7'i v "I iQ5fi"" his x O . if 4 : . , . J ,r. . .JI- "- a- 'fr hi ' q,f,.:1f f fy' I 3 -N f' .- it '52-5" . nr, f .. ,'-1 , 4:- ,m,., ',. ,,.f,- .. -vt f 1'-, . - . .-Iiv-354 -Af. 1,5 ' A I v . if I' x V y .-.- --Z v Q V+ . ' xiii .- s iw , , . I ,- , I. .f . .W-., , ji .. fi f U 2 J. ,,. . . .. . N... ,-M. ., 51.55.54 1 thi .,A .,,. 'mf'-.'l"" ' ww ft' .-my W- s , i is is a- - an . -i.,.,vSLwfg ., , " -. .- -, iz , lille - -af ., A' by GW a gi ' f V' ' avg' 'IF f I its it g 4 If . , KA r by id ,i f .ii i , it egg' X 'gif ,I v .4 gba F 5 s AK J: A x in 4 1, rig I 6 V Q. 59' " j 1 5 I , f if 1 , ,SSA .fl . a, J P ', I X A if f , ina 'I FII' I M I 4 ff I grid , f' is., - I ' jpg 1 Y - N u ff' 1 . V-if f .. gxi ii 5 ,if In .gr if 1 tg -kr .i 1, X V 17 1 , QA ' -'I f 4 wif: h I EQ-yi fl L, - af' A ir- .L N ' I -11 i ', ' 1 l -in mt Q. ,az-' - 2 ' N Q 1, E A W- A- X . . 1" at I ,Q ,- v ., , J v. .. x . V h We ' S ,. f M. . cg, f s Ce' ll ' 'w ' ' ' V1,-!f, ... v.1r. .- i "" ' I . 'iii is A ! ,- itz J, Mx I v 93+ I . . , 'iff .aes A pi ' A . , f at if gif - . I ,gf" - aft, I af f .- 'r ii Ffili' ' ' 5 1 fi -' -- QV' skill' SPRING RETURNS BIARGUERITE XVILSON XVhen winter's reign is at an end And snow melts fast away, XV hen days are growing warm and long And birds arrive to stay. There comes a gentle, fragrant maid Wfho trips along the lanes And when she smiles, the sun shines bright And when she weeps it rains. She travels through the countryside New life to earth to shovvg And when the Howers raise their heads. She stoops to help them grow: She gives the streams a silver laugh, She makes the woodlands ring, YVith all of Nature waking up, YVe know the maid is Spring. THE NIGHT SKY C. IXIARTIN Often when I glimpse the nightly arch of sky Bending beyond like a darkened Roman road, I see the starry legions slowly twinkle by. But other times I feel the whole affair Is just a meadow hung up in the air, NV ith saffron-sprinkled daisies dancing in deepest blue. I have even thought of many eolors hiding there. High in that curving palette that's so tritelv called the sky. Then gods alone Could choose the hue VVith which to paint the world anew. Blending blue, and blaek, and white and night- Oh, the gods could make the greatest sight. APRIL - 1940 PRAYER IN PRACTICUM B. A. B. "Let my voiee thrill them Ilold them all spell bound! It only I am able To 'mow' them all straight down. 'When I play my musie. YVith one hand on the keys, Please, dear Lord, I'm asking- Fix the wobble in my knees. I praetiee singing do-miaso In aeeord with every rule. For tomorrow I teach musie Over in the Campus School." ON GETTING PEOPLE TO WRITE FOR THE TOWER LIGHT Pivrme IA HERNDoN Approach number one, XVhen there's work to be done. Is to smile very sweetly and say: HYVe have heard of your graeeg Your intelligent faee 7 ' ' P7 Makes us sure that you ll write right away. Gr, if that dOesn't fit. Here is one, you'll admit, That will set them to seribbling like mad: Your name was sent in To Miss Munng so begin On a topic-or get us an ad!" ii Or. another to try, YVhen the deadline is nigh. Is to look sort of harried and blue: "XVe've been tearing our hair In the depths of despair- 'Til we suddenly thought about you!" XVell. I've named but a few Cf the things you can do To make people write, but I know That once in a while. Though you've smiled your best smile. You are bound to hear someone say UNO!" And in ease of this last, XV hen all hope now is past. There is only one method to use: Spot your vietim and yell, Like a bat out of ---. "Please" 1 ll How ell Do You Know Maryland? lol-IN CZIIILCOAT AN EDITORIAL appearing in the Evening Sun last year has inspired me to write this article. Since 1 live on a farm among the rolling hills of Baltimore County, I have a considerable interest for the subject. 'AA man who has recently come to live in Maryland after a number of years in Utah, remarked the other day that it was a pity all Marylanders could not spend a lit- tle time in the Middle XVest. For then, and only then, he thought, would they realize to the full. the bounties which Nature has showered upon this State". To him. it seemed a revelation to find himself among people to whom irrigation had been little more than a word, who had never seen their soil whirling in the air and blowing away during a dust storm, never to return, who had never witnessed an attack of locusts or other vermin, or seen their cattle dying in the fields for lack of pasture or of water or had only in rare instances been troubled by droughts on the one hand and Hoods on the other. It annoyed him somewhat. to think that Mary- landers take their good fortune for granted, and that Baltimoreans in many instances think of their surround- ing countryside as so much territory to cover as soon as possible en route to Annapolis, Ocean City or other points north, south, east, and west. lt is about time for Nlarylanders, including the dwell- ers of Baltimore City, to take note of the States agricul- tural resources and her favorable geographical position, which for her size makes her one of the wealthiest farm- ing areas in the Union. In addition to being a large in- dustrial center and one of the country's leading ports, Baltimore City is also essentially a market town. Milk, meat, fruit, vegetables, and poultry are in daily demand by no fewer than 20,000,000 persons within a radius of 200 miles of Baltimore. XVithin close proxim- ity of Baltimore are four large cities: Philadelphia, XVil- inington, Vlfashington, and Annapolis, which can easily be served by means of trucks. From this, one may see that the Maryland farmer is reasonably sure of selling what he raises, with little transportation charge, unlike the farmer of the Middle VVest who has to go half way across the continent and pay large freight charges to reach his purchasers. As to climate, Maryland is situated midway between the most northern and the most southern State and, having both mountains and seashores, she enjoys the ad- vantages of both sections. Rainfall is abundant. varying from an annual precipitation of 41.56 inches on the Eastern Shore to 39.37 inches in XVestern Maryland. 12 XVe are thus a little above the average as compared with 61.6 inches at Mobile, and 7.8 inches at Phoenix, thc highest and lowest stations recorded by the United States XVeather Bureau. The growing season, calculated r from the last killing frost in autumn. varies from 1221 days at Oakland, Garrett County, to 212 days at SOlO'i mon's in Southern Maryland. "There is considerable va- riety in the quality of the soil in the various sections ol the State, but on the whole it is excellent and. wher not abused, retains its fertility. Of the 6.362.240 acres of land area, -1,374,398 acres, or two-thirds, are farni lands, divided into 43,203 farms." This is an average of 101 acres per farm. Agrieulturally, the State is broken up into four di-I visions which are: the Eastern Shore: Southern Mary land, comprising Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles, Prinec Georges and St. Marys counties, North Central, com. prising Baltimore, Cafroll, Frederick. Harford, Howard and Montgomery counties, and XVestern Maryland comprising XVashington, Allegany, and Garrett coun. ties, The character and production of the land is rough, ly uniform in each of these divisions, although the four areas are capable of further subdividing. For example the southern and northern Eastern Shore have individu, al characteristics, Anne Arundel is distinguished fron' the rest of Southern Maryland by the emphasis given tr- orcharding and trucking, and lllashington County, ii the Great Valley west of the Blue Ridge, is more nearly similar to the North Central area than to Allegany ann Garrett counties with which it is included. KTO be continuedl A STAR lE,xNNLi'1"1'Li IONES Like a drop of shining dew In the heaven's grass of blue. Little brightly sparkling star Send your friendliness afar. To the traveler lone in the dark, To the lovers dreamy in the park, To the child with wandering eye. To all of these and others too O shiny beacon in the blue. Quickly twinkle now and then Giving God's blessing to all men. T O WE R LI G Hf ' 1 1 il Q. SQ! 'I 14 -I I I .Y 'l fl 1 u'! 'l in i I l 4 i I Branch Library B. A. BLATTER I QTHE DQOR to the library was reluctant to open. It lalways had been a diflieult lock to manage, thought the itall woman dressed in black as she joggled the key. Per- lhaps the door shared some of her resentment at having ito go from the bright snnshiny freshness of the morning Lair into the musty atmosphere of the branch library. i'l"here was no glamor in being a librarian, she mused. lNothing ever happened to break the dull routine of istamping books out and checking books in. The same ilong rows of books stared at her as she entered. empha- isizing the beginning of another long day. ' The telephone was ringing shrilly. 'This is the li- ibrary .,.. Do we have what? . . . No. I'm sorry, we rdon't have any book-reports of Ivanhoe here." As she ihung up the receiver, the librarian could hear the young ?igirl's 'tOh" faintly echoing in her ear. A middle-aged women, obviously panting. pushed iopen the library door and sank in the nearest chair. I "Deane, pick me out a nice love-story." The librarian turned from the shelf with two light ilietion books in her hand. t'Have you read either of jthese?" I UI have so much trouble finding things to read," the iwoman complained. "You know, I have a very sensitive Imind and I must be careful what I put into it. The docf I A tor told me any excitement was bad for my blood-pres- sure. These arcn't. uh. very vulgar?" The woman coughed. "XVell. I believe I'll try them, but don't be too surprised if I bring them back tonight. You never can tell from the modern titles what the books are reallv like," I Two little boys ran in yelling. "Ili-ho. Silver!" and chased each other around the tables. They stopped sudf denly as they saw the librarian frown over the pile of books she was slipping. Immediately they assumed in- nocent expressions. "IXIiss, what time is story hour?" one of the eherubs asked. 'Td like a detective story for my brother who is sick in bed," ehimed in the other small boy. The librarian was selecting a properly exciting inys- tery book when the old man shuffled in. Promptly at ten-thirty every morning he came to the library to read the morning paper. So accurate was he that the large li- brary clock could be set by his coming. He greeted her with his usual "Good morning," and seated himself in his customary chair at the window. The door swung open more easily as each person cn' tered. There was something a little enchanting in turnf ing to see who was coming in next, the librarian thought, secretly amazed at herself for the discovery. l'If you wait long enough," she was thinking half aloud, "the whole world will come in." She smiled a little as she tiled some cards in the cabinet. There was something al- luring about her career after all. ELRANOR I : 5:00 a. m. I was awakened by a serenadc outside the 'garage from my black and white Romeo. Really he is a little too persistent, this daily wail comes to be a bur- den one cannot escape. I believe I do like the yellow Isuitor best, too: he is really handsome, with some Perf lsian blood, and so affectionate. Heigh-ho! there is really no hurry. I can take a little longer to make up my mind. 6:00 a. m. XVhen all was quiet again, I stole nimbly down the ladder rungs from the stored awnings. where I have made my boudoir. It was certainly cold on the .garage floor. I slipped out of the cat-hole of the garage I fhcredity will tell - I heard Iler say Iler grandmother :had a catahole with a little swinging door into the kitchen of their old homej. I thought, though it was still dark, .if I mewed under the bedroom window. She might I come to the back door and let me in. No. She did not .come VIAPRIL - 1940 8. Carr 7:15 a. m. She carrie into the kitchen. I heard Iler step and rushed to the little stool on the bench by the kitchen window sill. I scratched on the pane so hard with both paws that She heard me at once, and let me in. I like that pretty warm blue-green robe She wears: it has a belt and tassels to play with while She dresses. Sometimes if I sit in a chair back of Iflcr. I can reach the locks of her hair as she brushes it. Sometimes, these cold mornings, it crackles with something she calls elec- tricity. My fur does. too. 8:00 a. m. Very satisfactory breakfast. The mackerel seems to be a very good kind: I'd like it three times a day, but She says: "No, only once a day," when I run and put my paws on the tall white shining box in the pantry. where it is kept. I do not like the food so well at noon. 10:00 a. m. Ilavc had a good wash. played with my 13 mouse. and stretched a while. A nap on my cushion would be very restful. 11:00 a. m. She says I have to go out while She does errands. I don't see why it would do any harm for me to stay in. My paws are very clean: it would not hurt the blankets or the spreads if I napped awhile on them. Still. it is Kismet. I will use this time to see if everything is going well around the garage and yard. Golden Fur may call at noon. I-Ie snatched a kiss when he left me to go home to lunch yesterday. 1:00 p. m. Lunch did not please me so well today. Really, I detest vegetables. A saucer of milk is not espec- ially intriguing, either: it seems very plebcian to one who boasts an Angora grandmother, even if there were several mesallianees in her career. If She lies down on the couch and covers Herself with the little blanket for a while. as She sometimes does. I will curl up at I-Ier feet. So cozy and comfortable. She pats me and lets me stay there then. XVhy can't I at night. too? 2:00 p. m. Before She woke, I thought it would be a good chance to steal in to the big front room and ex- amine the ornaments. I enjoy looking at myself in that great shining glass back of the davenport. My stripes are really beautifulg my face is round and my features are well-shaped. I am sure my eyes are soulful and full of expression. I think it is time I made my debut in so- ciety: I never stir my foot off this place. After all, we're young only once. I was just playing very softly with some little objects on a round tray, when accidentally I patted one to the floor. I was frightened and ran under the davenport to I fi hide. She eamc in, and fetched me to Iler room and 7 shut the doorg but nothing was broken. She said, "No, , no!". but did not seold mc. V' 4:00 p. m. I helped Iler write letters today. First, I jumped on Iler desk lid. and chewed the end of the pen holder to help Her make black lines. and then She' put me on the floor and gave me a little pencil to roll and carry about in my mouth. Then She went into an- other rooin and sat down before a little instrument inl a black box. She hits a little black box and white keysj with Iler fingers, and little arms come up and strike aj piece of white paper. I I climbed up and sat in the box that covers the thing at night CI think She calls it a typewriterl. and I patted the keys, too, and put my paws on the paper. She said to mc: t'You're a great help. you are!" Then I chewed a little on some black paper She calls carbon. She laughed at me and called me "Dirty-Face." 'tDirty-Facefl She said. "go out and wash yourself, you're a disgrace!" 6:50 p. m. Dinner was really quite satisfying. I thinkr' I can last until morning without being hungry. I chased a match and slid over the kitchen linoleuin while She- washed dishes. I will help Her read the papers this even- ing. i v 8:30 p. m. My mistress was reading letters tonight! She said: "Your Auntie says if I'll bring you to visit at her house.. her kitty, Igor Stravinsky. will introduce you to all ther best back fences in Montclair!" 1 10:00 p. m. And so to bed. On Going Home From Work lVlADELINE CABELL THE YOUNG man walks briskly as the sun slowly sinks in the evening sky. Yes, he has had a busy day. and he is tired. But he thinks not of this: for at home she is waiting. Ilis young wife is there anxiously wait- ing. Yes, he must hurryg but hc walks to save the money for their new home. Every penny counts. lt is only a matter of time now until she will run to greet him. As he walks, he passes many people waiting for the bus. The young girl with the tired look waits impatiently. She must hurry home, too: but to an invalid mother. XVhat has happened during the day? Is her mother worse. better, or just the same? lilxhaustcd, she shifts her weight from one foot to the other. XVill the bus never come? That man. how worried he looks! Ile isn't old: but 14 worry has aged him. How is he going to tell them? XVhat is he going to say to her? XVhat will they do? He thinks of his job. I:Ie is no longer needed. past forty, too old. XVay must be made for the younger man, for the 1 college graduate. Yes, way must be made. made at his expense. Three little mouths to feed. I-Ie cannot bear to. think of them. Ilow is he going to tell her? I ji another. Last night she would have been peeved. butl A package drops. She stoops to pick it up and dropsf not tonight. I-Ier face glows with radiance. and she fl laughs as she picks them up. XVill Bob like her newr- dress? She hopes so. She has been saving for more than j a month. 'l'hcre is just enough time to get home, eat. - take a bath. and dress before he comes. XVhy is the bus so long in coming? TOWER LIGHT-F 4 Q 1 I l l l l l , . XV6?1I'1ly', a young woman of tlnrty takes her place among the "bus-waiting" throng. Have the children ldone well in school? ls little Bill's cold better? Have ilohn and Mary been playing out-of-doors? Did they lhave a good lunch? XV ill Bill be awake when she gets lhome? She hopes so. Often she's too late for that good- piight kiss, for that hug by two chubby little arms, for lthat A'Good-night, Mummy." How she misses them! llqhe bus should be coming. l The tall young man with the bovish face waits anx- liously. He has so much to tell the family about his new job. He hopes he has done well. The boss is so pleased with him, and said. "Report early tomorrow morning. Barnes." How pleased his mother will beg how proud to think that at last her son is one of the millions of workers, one of that great army! The money will help, too. Sis needs so much now that she is a Senior in high school. Yes, he has a lot to tell them. The bus is late to- night. Trailic must be heavy. The sun has gone to rest. The bright blue of the bus appears on the horizon. One by one the throng file to the curb and climb the steps. At last they are on their way home. 1 Taken for a Ride lTH I S XVAS to be a trying day in the life of Elmore 5VVilson. He knew it and was prepared for the worst. ElT'he people in his home town had given him careful in- Iistructions on what to do, and he made up his mind to see it through to the finish. As he walked through the door of the massive building, he was aware that all eyes iwere upon him, as if they had by some means known that he was coming. He tried to lose himself in the crowd that surged iibout him, but to no avail. He was too dressed-up for lthese city people. They acted as if they had never seen a pair of red and green striped Sunday pants. Elmore could feel cold merciless eyes following him as he sought the object of his visit. Now, he almost wished that he lliad stayed home and been content to listen to other lfolks tell about their visits to the city. This thought be- came a growing obsession, and several times he was tempted to turn around and go home. But no! He had gone too far to stop now. If he didn't go through with this, he realized that it would be a blow to his pride from which he would never recover. y The crowd was becoming thick, and he knew that he iwas nearing his quest. He hated crowds, especially city licrowdsg and now they had him heinined in on all sides. :He could feel the cold perspiration on his forehead and all thoughts had been pushed from his mind by the .singleness of purpose which drove him on, like an au- l A li ltomaton. Q The crowd moved slower now, and he could see the lsmall barred door to the room he sought. In a few mof pnents. he would enter that door with a few other people. ly A man in uniform was guarding the door, as with fal- ytering steps, Elmore entered the room. His first impres- lsion was of being herded into a cage. for the room i :APRIL - 1940 l i BfIINDELLE KANN would not accommodate more than ten people, even if all were standing. There was no other exit except the barred door by which he had entered. A feeling of panic welled up in him as the uniformed man closed the door. Elmore had been told in detail of the horrible deaths people die in such rooms as this, and his mind became somewhat resigned to such a fate. However, when he looked into the hard unflinching eyes of the man in uni- form, he felt something akin to a chill traverse his spine. Beside the man in uniform was a control-box upon which his gloved hand rested. Elmore's eyes rested on that hand, and tried to imagine what would happen when the big lever was pulled. The attendant's hand tightened on the handle of the big switch, and Elmore instinctively braced his feet more firmly against he knew not what. XVith sudden finality, the switch was thrown. An oppressive weight pressed against his feet, and his head began to spin in giddy circles. He lost all thought of the others in the room and clutched at the wall for support. Then it was all over. How he had ever lived through such a trying experi- ence, Elmore could not fathom. He hurried as quickly as possible to the street, and soon was on the bus going home. All during the ride, he formulated plans for tell- ing everyone about his experience, and it was with a feeling of exaltation and triumph that he descended from the bus and half walked, half ran toward his modf est home. As he neared the entrance. he could sec his mother-'s silhouette in the doorway. Ile was running. Coming within calling distance. he could restrain his pcnt-up emotions no longer. His excited voice rent the evenings quiet: "Hey, Nia . , . I just had my lirst elevator ride?" 15 l Cosmlc a s IOHN Bixaisirfxsr XVPIENEVER PIIYSICISTS. amateur or professional, meet and "talk shop," there is nearly always a discussion concerning cosmic rays. "Cosmic," in C-reek. means "the orderly universcf' today we translate it to signify "outer space." "Rays" imply ripples or waves moving through something or space going away from its center of origin. Cosmic rays come from an immense distance. They travel with too great a speed and strike too hard to have originated in the earth's atmosphere, There is no dif- ference in the number of these rays that come from re- gions of few and of many stars. and therefore they may come from outside that great galaxy of which our sun is an unassuming member. Cosmic rays possess tremendous energy. They penc- trate lead fwhieh stops x-raysj as easily as light goes through glass. Measuring instruments have detected them at the depth of 700 feet beneath the surface of a lake. No other ray is known to have pierced water to such a depth. Cosmic rays are most frequent near the poles. and least so near the equator. This fact has been confirmed by many expeditions, even by that of Commander Byrd in the Antarctic in 1935. This is the chief reason for be- lieving that the rays are really particles bearing strong charges of electricity. The earth's magnetic field must repel the bombardment. and cause the charged masses to turn away from the equator and toward the poles. Cosmic rays strike atoms of our air's gases. and expel electrons from them. This "atom dust" flies off at high speed, making it difficult to determine. in many of the experiments, whether the "primary particle" or "see- ondary particle" is being measured. ' Because of the effects that these rays are believed to have upon our existence, they are the chief interest of the most noted physicists in the world today. These men do not agree as to the complete nature of the rays. Some believe them to be rays. as the name iinpliesg othersl believe that they are merely particles. Evidence seems' to be amassing in favor of the 'tparticle theory." Never- A theless. the nature of the origin of cosmic rays is still one f of Scieiices most baffling problems. ' uotations from Teacher Education lournal fSeptember, l939j . "It's what you read when you don't have to, that de- -A terinines what you will be when you ean't help it." -QI Qhlotto over browsing shelves of the State Teachers College. Alva, Qklahoma. Authorship unknown.l O . A bright adolescent was asked to tell the difference' between a professor and a teacher. His answer: "XVell,! a professor is one who professesg but a teacher is one who can really teach." I 0 C I Ulf I cannot always be right. I will at least make ai desperate effort always to be elearg for if I am clear audi wrong I can be corrected, but if I am obscure and wrongf people will merely think that I am wise." - NVilliamf C. Bagley. I PROPHECY L. DU XIAL They say that in ten million years or so The world's growing older and colder. they say- The sun's heat will give out: and down here below. The sun's going farther and farther away. XVe'll all freeze to death-well. think you they know? The night's growing longer, and shorter the day- I doubt it! They shout it! 1 Suppose they are right. and that all of it's true. il If they've figured it out, what can I. or can you. ' Or can anyone else in the freezing world do About it? Ten million years. or a decade or two. XVhat does it matter. to me or to you? XVe'll know then as much as the scientists do About it! 16 In ten million years, it won't matter a lot. XVhether it's cold. or whether it's hot. Or whether there's sun-wc'll lie there and rot XVithout it! TOWER LIGHT' I l V i B, W i Homespun Philosophy I AARoN B. SEIDLISR i 'N Tllli course of one's life, one is subjected. will- +1gly or otherwise, to what other people have to say. gome of the sayers are wiser than the listener, others -fre not, some think more deeply, others think only on ine surfaceg some philosophize on the things that fiey meet in everclay life, and others pass them over is common-place and ordinary, and not worthy of ittention. lf one remembers that a man's wealth is not always ow much he owns, but rather his appreciation of what e owns, he caimot, unless through sheer laziness, iseount the wise and philosophic sayings of others. though they be neither sage nor philosophic. All of us iv things: but how do we say them? Are we subtle, flever. witty. or philosophical? it For the past five years, one of my hobbies has been The collecting of the sayings of others. They are listed ii my scrapbook as "Homespun Philosophy". You may '-r may not be familiar with the men who wrote them ir who said them, their names in this instance are of little value. To me it is not who they are, but rather 'what they say, and how they say it. XV ill you share some 'pf them with me? "kVe dare not trust our wit for making our house yileasaut to our friends. and so we buy ice cream."- Emerson. H "The man who has nothing to boast of but his Eillustrious ancestry is like a potato-the only good ipelonging to him is underground." - Sir Thomas llverbrrry. iw- "Blessed is the man who. having nothing to say, bstains from giving wordy evidence of it."-George i Eliot. "The work an unknown good man has done is like a 'ein of water flowing hidden underground. secretly making the ground greenf'-Carlyle. I "Education makes a people easy to lead, brit difficult '10 driveg easy to govern, but impossible to enslave."- 'loord Brougham. l , V, "l complained of having no shoes-until l saw a man 'tvith no feet." i "Labor has the power to rid us of three great evils- i l iorcdom, vice. and poverty." "Truth is tough, lt will not break, like a bubble, at lla touch: nay, you may kick it about all day, like a foot- .pall, and it will be round and full at evening. -Oliver l 4 Xfendell Holmes. 'l :APRIL - 1940 fi l l A"l'he only way to have a friend is to be one."- Emerson. "lt is a thousand times better to have common sense without education than to have education without common sense."--Ingersoll. WE MUST LOOK ON THIS THING SANELY lXfIARG.fx1rE'1' C..xR'1'1in Romance of course, was made for youth- For giddy. childish fools. Pledges of love can hold no truth And may prove dangerous tools. lf vou want me and l Want you. VVe both would be quite dense To Say yve've found a love thats true- lust Wouldnlt be good sense. So if I gaze at moonlit skies, And quote old Avon's bard, lt's just that due to your blue eyes My chemicals are iarred. FORGIVENESS PRISCILLA NTANLEY How beautiful to me the words That lesus spoke one awful day. XVhen nailed beside him on the cross A thief, who cried, "Remember me!" These words of cheer Christ spake to him, l truly say to thee, today ln heaven thou shalt dwell with me." Oh Christ, who spoke those thrilling words YVhile dying, mortal man to save. Teach mc forgiveness by Thy grace. And fit me for Thy home above! 4. Manager: XYhy did you send back those eggs? Verc- n't they cooked long enough? llc: Yes, but not soon enough. Dr. Abercrombie: In what sections will you hnd dust in the air? Freshman -lp lndnstrial sections. IT llt5lllDlIICllffIIDllRlIIAlIt9S Wanted: Mons: Discussion ON 'run HONOR sYs'rnM FREDRICA BIEDERBIANN IUST XVHAT does the term "Honor System" bring to our minds? Do yve picture tattling and wholesale cheating, or do yve think of the development of attitudes of honor? Do yve think of punishing the dishonest per- son and protecting the honest person. or do ive think of a yvay of helping the dishonest person, in a movement toyvard building honor? I'm afraid that many of us do not knoyv exactly yvhat yve do think. XVe need more discussion and more op- portunity to give important ideas their yvorth. The Open Forum proved to be a success. but ideas and opinions cannot stop there. In a feyv instances they have been carried farther into lunch table and panel discussions in several sections. These are clearing up ideas, but only to a mere handful of people. Let's have more discussion on this topic yvhieh is so very important. especially to future teachers. Here are some poignant questions yve should consider: l. Hoyv do Honor Systems yyork in other colleges besides those mentioned in the Open Forum? 2. XVhat is the real purpose of the Honor System? 3. Hoyv can yve build up honor? 4. Hoyy can yve prepare for an Honor System in this college? I Think This IN IARY BICKEL IT XVOULD be very interesting to see the results of a national poll. conducted perhaps by the eminent Dr. Gallup, on the question: "Is honesty the best policy and yvhy?" On the basis of such a poll, I think that most people could be fitted into one of the folloyv- ing groups: l. Those yvho believe, preach. and practice the doc' trine that honesty is the best policy. iYes. there are such people: I knoyv some of them personally. I 2. Those yvho believe and practice that honesty is the best policy. 4These people remember that Christ yvas crucitiedg they do not preach.J 3. Those yvho believe and preach that honesty is the best policy-for others. fTheir motto goes something like this, A'I'll take mine here boys. you'll get yours in heaven." J 18 -t. Those yvho practice that honesty is the best policy, tThey don't believe it, but they yvouldn't like to be,' or can't afford to be caught doing otherwise. yr 5. Those yvho preach that honesty is the best policy,k 1' XVhat they believe and practice you don't know until you have conducted business yvith them in yvhich the question comes up. t'XVho's it gonna be. chum, me or. you?" As a rule. you catch on rather rapidly.l 6. Those who do not preach, practice. nor believel that honesty is the best means for planning and con-l ducting one's affairs. tThey may be divided into three groups: I i a. Those yvho are caught. b. Those who are not. i c. Those yvho are still running. fj T. Those yvho believe that honesty is the best policy t but yvhy be a good apple in a barrel of rotten ones?l. As to what is honesty, I refer you to the dictionary: "Fair and candid in dealings yvith othersg trueg justg' uprightg trustyvorthyg characterized by openness or sin- cerityg frank. One who is honest in the highest sense- is scrupulously careful to adhere to all known truth and right, even in thought." No loopholes hereg no falling back on circumstances and implication. The dishonest are alike in kind. differing only in degree. Irony NORMA GABIBRILL ALFRED BERNHARD NOBEL. the great Syvedish chemist and engineer. was born in Stockholm over one hundred years ago, He devoted much of his life to the study of explosives. especially nitroglyeerin. He patented the invention of dynamite. and later per- fected several other explosives. At his death Nobel oyvned nearly a score of dynamite factories in various parts of the yvorld. 1 I By some queer quirk of conscience. Nobel left his. fortune. .1 fund of S9.000.000. to establish the Nobel Foundation. The interest from this fund is the moneyj given each year in the famous Nobel prizes. The in- terest is divided into tive parts. One part each is givenf to the man yvhose achievement is outstanding in phys- ics. cheniistry. physiology or medicine. literature. and in the interest of yvorld peace. Hoyv strange that thc man yvho invented dynamite. the deadliest of alll yveapons. should be yvilling to leave his money for the furtherance of peace. Maybe that is just human nature after all-trying to undo what has gone before. to bets ter conditions ive helped make bad! TOWER LIGH'Ig LIBRARY AT YOUR SERVICE lou and Heredity, by Amram Scheirifeld. Frederick A. Stokes I Company, N. Y. 1959. 454 pages. If Reviewed by NIARY DE PEPPr j'HERE ARE few of us who have not at sometime Qi our lives wondered just what makes the human body ick. Perhaps you were curious to know just why you lad certain individual characteristics of hairfcolor. eyed olor, skin-color, and features. Or maybe you have asked lourself such a question as "How long may I expect J live?" To turn to psychology. do you know the latest xl penetic facts in relation to that ever-fascinating subject, 1 ersonality? El, All of these questions have been answered in the llieently published, highly-entertaining book, You and lileredity. lVritten from a layman's point of view, or the author puts it, "from the outside, looking in," iltie material is presented in a manner unobstructed by lliclmical terms. and easily understandable even by :those with a limited scientific background. The infor- :Qiation contained is of a nature that will make it in- gjeresting and valuable to people in all walks of life. 4 The Dionne quintuplets are discussed in one of the pany chapters. A study made found that these live fihildren are "identicals"-the product of a single egg: lhus all carry the same hereditary factors. Three of the ilDionnes. Cecile, Annette. and Yvonne-have similar lharacteristics, while Emilie and Marie differ in several llespects. Marie and Emilie are more far-sighted than the ltliers, have slcnderer faces, have a peculiar way of girasping things, and are the smallest and lightest. 'ileeause of the fact that each Dionne is a distinct in- ,lividual in a uniform environment, the question has Qlrequently arisen: YVhich is more important, heredity r environment? Scientists wish there were another set I -f quintuplets. Each one would be raised in a different it-nvironment, and the results would be compared with Lyhe Dionnes. Also included in You and Heredity is an original lfgenetic study on the inheritance of musical talent. 'lylocal and instrumental artists, lamong whom are 'laany well known personalitiesl were approached and glsked direct questions as to talent in the family and lfalent as children. After the information was organized, iflhe following conclusions were made: I I. XVhen both parents were talented, in most mat- ings, one-half to three-fourths of the children were talented. FKIPRIL - 1940 , x 5 at ia I , l I ' 'jo . by ' I X vi f ,S 1 ' -tell miata 1 I iff ' ,.. 1 4 -i , f ' li I are . I ' g I , Iilli uw I I in F7 ' 1 ?-g g 1 YYY Li r Q 1 i' f 'Q Qiiiifa 2. XVhere only one parent was talented, in most mat- ing one-half the children were talented. 3. XVhere neither parent was talented. the average of talented offspring was oneafonrth or less. Cnly the highlights of material given in the book have been touched upon by this brief review. lf your interest has been sufficiently aroused. as I hope it may have been, you will find You and Heredity in the Science section of our library. Sue: A'He comes from a poor family." Maw: "XVhy. I thought they sent him to college?" Sue: "Sure Thats what made them poor." .-. ,-. .-. ff- -.- fy- Tommy: Mamma. why do they put Sunday next to Monday? Motlier: I don't know. Tommy: W'as it because cleanliness is next to god- liness? Teacher: lames. what is an island? lames: An island is a piece of land surrounded by water, except in one place. Teacher: ln what place? james: On the top. gf --1 se Caller: Good morning. Mrs. Smith. l'm from the elec- tric company. I understand there is something in the house that won't work? Xlrs. Smith: Yes, hes upstairs. ludge lin a dentists ehairl: "Do you swear that you will pull the tooth, the whole tooth, and nothing but the tooth?" 19 H cfllpflfllliiciliief QQ WV IEROME KOLKER XYITH MUSCLES straining. chests heaving, and faces writhing. two runners broke the tape in what was believed by all to be a "dead heat". Then from the announcement stand: "ln the S80-yard run, the first place medal was won by Driscoll of Hopkins, second place medal goes to Bob Cox of State Teachers Col- lege . . . and the voice bellowed through the am- plifier the names of the other place winners. Then was heard. 'The time" . . . fYes, the time-it must have been fast. XVhat was it?i . . . Mwas two minutes, three and one-tenth seconds. A New Record!" That's what the spectators saw and heard. but the story behind it . . . They missed that completely. Bob Cox had gone to the starting line along with the best half-milers of the Mason-Dixon Conference in a race for which his opponents had been primed for over three months. This was Bobs first half-mile race of the season. The sharp report of the starters gun sent the seven- teen runners sprinting around the first turn with Dris- coll of Hopkins leading the pack. XV ith only two hun- dred and twenty yards remaining, the race appeared to be a "run-a-way" with Driscoll fifteen yards ahead of the second runner and twenty-five yards ahead of Bob Cox who was running in fifth place. Then it happened! The clamor of the crowd paralleled the bid of a runner as their voices rose in a crescendo. Bob Cox moved up from fifth place to fourth. to third. to second . . . and then that long gap of fifteen yards. The roar of the spectators told Driscoll what was hap- peningg he put on his final sprint. Cox, driving on with terrific speed was gaining and gaining. The finish line fiew toward them: the tape was broken by one hurtling body and carried by the other. Yes. not one runner, but two had broken the existing recordg one a seasoned runner who ran a beautiful well-planue:l race. and the other. Bob Cox. of State Teachers College. who almost matched thc experience and speed of his adversary with a tremendous finishing sprint and will-to-win. Too bad. Bob. that you timed your sprint too late. XYC would certainly like to see you in the record book: Record for SSO-yard run held by Robert Cox of State Teachers College, Towson. Maryland. Time: Two min- utes and three seconds. 20 Perhaps we may see it yet. Bob still has two more chances at the record. O I ln the February issue of the Towizii LIGHT, the writer made the following statement upon which he was congratulated for his fine spirit. iEach congratu- lator felt that as far as the prediction was concerned, spirit was the only thing that left a loophole for congratulationi "Before the season is concluded, they may start. clicking, and then watch them." Of course, the state ment referred to the basketball team which, up to the time the February issue had gone to press, had won only two out of eleven games. Well, Colleagues. Mentor Minnegans men mightily- massacred their mediocre record by closing their bas- ketball seasons with three victories in their last four games, The writer is not gloatingg he is merely trying to point out the fact that the prediction made in the March issue concerning XVhitey Lauenstein should be taken more seriously. l assure you at the time each oli the two predictions were made, the latter seemc more probable. . O O 1 1 In athletic games at State Teachers College, or foil that matter. anywhere else. it is the man who scores. the points with spectacular outside shots in basketball and the player who kicks the goals in soccer who rel ceives the plaudits of the crowd and the backslaps oy hero worshipers. XVhile we are heaping praise on these men, and many times they deserve it. we are prone tt' forget the person whom Coach Minnegan calls "thai forgotten man of sports". l mean the team player-f the man whose fight and drive inspires his whole tean' to battle on even when the chances for victory seenf hopelessly lost. XYC have such an athlete here at the college. If yor' were told that he was the captain of the soccer team- then you would know immediately who he was: but, 9 prefer to introduce him in another way. i .N certain soccer player who was good enough tc play fullback on the varsity soccer team. became thi manager of the basketball team in his freshman veaf TOWER LIGH'? yi ,l gil i iWhen a sophomore, this same young man, besides keeping his post as manager, played basketball for the thirst time in his life: and this playing consisted of two far three games. NVhen the starting team of l938- H939 came out on the floor in their initial encounter. inany of the spectators rubbed their eyes in utter amaze- nent. "VVas that ------ on the starting team? l llliclift know he could play basketball." it The truth was that he couldn'tg but the drive, the -i ispirit, the rebounding power which this plavcr pos- l I . . ' ysessed forced the Coach to put him in the line-up and i'eave him iii. 'l'hcn this past season! Another change. and more cyc-rubbing! Yes. this same athlete-slightly over 5'l0" in stature was very frequently seen exploring the strato- sphcrc fsomewhcrc around the basketball hoopi gath- ering in rebounds for his team. Fighting. driving, guarding. rebounding . . . never a let-up! Need l tell you that it is Lou Cox about whom l am writing! VVhen Lou Cox graduates in lune. he will leave behind one of the finest athletic records ever compiled in this college: but even more than that. he will always be remembered as the most spirited team player we have ever seen. E Demonstration Night l D. C-RONERT ikl'HE FOURTEENTH annual girls' inter-class ilemonstration was held on March l-1. It was a great ilsuccess-for the Sophomores! But according to all zhccounts, everyone had a gala time. As was customary, the evening began with a stunt ioresented by each class. The Freshmen. dressed as mice find cats, executed an effective dance. The Sophomores 'firesented a classroom scene, complete with mathe- .ynatics, science and gym lessons, and a never-to-be- gliorgotten student teacher out for the fifty-fifth time. gllhe Juniors went back to the gay nineties for their inspiration. Their stunt consisted of barber shop sing- PL l ng and a display of the proper technique necessary for tandem riding. The Seniors. judges for the evening, isang several clever songs and reviewed their previous ii tatunts. All the presentations were enthusiastically re- .g3eived. The main events proceeded as follows: l. Lads a Bunchun.. ....,,.,. . .Iuniors 5. Rufty Tufty . . . . . . . , , . , .Iuniors English Country Dance 6. Sicilian Circle ..,. .,... . .Sophomores American Country Dance 7. Norwegian Mountain March. . . Freshmen Folk Dance 8. Cerman Bat Ball 9. lrish Lilt ..,. ..., I uniors Folk Dance 10. Black Nag ..., , , ,,,. . . ,Sophomores English Country Dance ll. Pop C-oes the XVeascl .,,.. . . .Freshmen American Country Dance l2. Newcomb l3. Throw and Stoop Relay The three classes then gathered at the front of the auditorium and sang their class songs in turn. There- after "Alma Mater" was sung by the entire student body 'g M ' D . . y Omg ance present. Finally Dr. VV1edefeld made the announce- il Z. New Castle ............ . . .Sophomores ment for which evervone was waiting-that the plaque i, , ' ' . il English Countrv Dance was to be awarded to the Sophomore class, which had '3 4 amassed 1 total of 788 Joints to the uniors' 78l3f4 ly 3. Hop lylother Annika. . .... Freshmen . 1 H 1, .PQ 1, . I ,. .N gg . points and the lireshmcns -1-if-i points. Vyith this ii Swedish Folk Dance . T. A 1 announcement. Demonstration lN1ght carrie to a happy 4. End Ball if somewhat tumultuous close. 'i I I T Gu-ls Sports A' DoRo'r'1rY SHINHABI 1 MANY PEOPLE wonder why the girls do not yiave a varsity basketball team. The girls themselves Igidmit it would be fun, but there are reasons why they hgyire content with things as they stand. ln the Hrst place, Wiliere is not enough money for a girls' varsity team. lQ.APR1L - 1940 ,V You may think there is no expense connected with it. but the amount of money which can be spent is sur- prising. To begin with, there must be good equipment. No team can win with balls that are showing their age. Then. too. there is the expense of actually conducting 21 a game with another college. A referee must be hired fifteen dollars per game is the usual chargel, trans- portation must be arranged. and visiting teams must be given their dinner in the dormitory fthirty-Eve cents for each personj. Then. of course. there would be the question of uniforms. The girls could not play in their gym suits. because each class wears a different color. If the student body really expected girls to have a varsity team. it would involve raising the student acf tivity fee several dollars. Besides the expense. there is another factor which Miss Roach and the Girls A. A. Board feel is more important than mere money. If there were a team it would mean that only a selected number of girls would have the opportunity and the experience of participa- ting in games. Not only that. but many girls would not have the chance to play at all. even in practice. because every bit of equipment and every bit of coaching would go toward improving the varsity squad. It is true that we could have junior varsitiesg nevertheless, man-A people would probably stay away from practice, bc cause they would feel that there was no chance for then on the team. ' As it is. any girl in this college may have the privileg- of playing on teams whether she is a skilled sports woman or not. If you aren't so good. no one make fun of you. Everyone is out merely to have a good tim- and to gain relaxation from classes and studying. O course. if you are athletically inclined you will hav every chance of improving your game. As for a reward. every girl who reports faithfully tw practice and who plays conscientiously will be given l place on one of her class teams. The class teams ther play each other to determine whether freshmen. soplil omores. luniors. or seniors will be superior in athleti prowess. Besides. every girl is eligible for a numeral, letter. or a star if she secures the required number 0 points. Sophomore Men in Competitive Sports Axriox SEIDLIZR THE SOPHS have clone well in comparison with last year's established record in our college's competi- tive athletics. Although one vear ago as Freshmen we believe we can present. as well Sophomores aided considerably. we furnish dependable strength for the as for the future success of the sports program at State Teachers College. Regarding S.T.C.'s sports program of the 1939--I0 season. we End that the soccer team. the most suc- cessful of our teams to date. was well represented by Sophomores. The backbone of this team's success was due principally to the following men: lack Hart. a ine center halfback: Creston I-Ierold. a versatile booterg XVarren Culbertson and Charlie Rembold. two boys with a high degree of consistency: and Don Mar- tin. Bill Kahn. and Ed Clopper. a group which did much more than words can describe to make this seasons soccer aggregation so successful. Other Sophs who lent their talent to the team were: Lucien Peters. Iohn Dawson. and Bob Reidt. Capably managing the team's affairs was Marty Brill. The Teachers' basketball quintet has closed its cur rent season. Not once during the basketball seaso' has Coach Minnegan been fortunate enough to hav his "first live" play together in intercollegiate compet tion. let alone practice together. Student teaching an-p other activities caused this condition. However. doin their share fighting against odds. were several me on the Varsity representing the Sophomores. Mart Brill with his brilliant shooting and play-making abilit deserves top honors for a splendid performance. O cupying berths on the Iunior Varsity were: Ed. Cloppe Charlie Rembold. lohn Dawson. and Morty XVeine" XVe should like to take this opportunity in behafiu of all the athletes to thank everyone for the increasi in appreciation of the sincere attempts of those who. t the best of their ability. represented the College i these intercollegiate athletics. I V Editors note: Aaron Seidlcr. the writer of the above articl' also deserves mention for his spirited and capable performance during the basketball season. I Sophomore Women in Sports DOROTHY SHINHABI A SINCE THIS is the Sophomore's own issue of the Towrza LIGHT. I hope the other classes won't mind if I turn the spotlight toward the Sportswomen in our class. 22 The last time we heard. Virginia XVhite rankei third among the women badminton players of Maisy land. She may be second by now. because that young lady is climbing. Remember QCOIIIIIIUCCI on Page 32 TOWER LIGHQ I I l , S llflll lll b N Q 1 A 1116WA, j 51 f MF: 4 Q j i iiiiwi l l A1616 Swing of 1 SPRING APPAREL ji l ELLEN ANNE ELSTE l :YES SIR! These S.T.C. students must be congratu- lated on their smart duds this spring. But before we make personal mention of our outstanding good tasters. let's review briefly some of the general fashion trends. ! 1 Q Suits are definitely Hin again-especially those with 1 the hip length jackets and boxy pockets. The skirts are l jlpleated or softly flared and are worn with fresh white lpique or batistc blouses. Most of the coats and suits are jlitted and have much less emphasis on shoulder pad- ding. Twceds and solid colors are most popular. j Color in spring always means pastel - just oodles of soft blues, pinks. beige. blue grays, and white. The leading color with which these lighter shades are worn is navy. Other new colors are cadet blue, dusty rose, and 1 zlalfodil. Ll XVhat are we seeing in the line of accessories? The jnewer gloves are mostly of doeskin or eapeskin, XVe ltind the Milan Breton sailors and toques are here jagain. Have you seen the "overseas cap" in legion red jand blue? lt's quite the thing for that tailored costume. jWe believe that the cash and carry pockets can bc li-'ightly called accessories this spring. They're being ifeaturcd not only on skirts. but on sports and afternoon jrzlresses, too. Their purpose seems to be to relieve milady jjof carrying a bag. XVe sec the trouser-waist belt is still quite popular accessory. 1 l I I QIAPRIL . 1940 li 1 je il How do you like those new waist-length belted jack- ets now in vogue in all the lovely pastels? They're grand for this "in between" weather. Saddle shoes and terry cloth socks are the present rage in footwear. A newer trend in saddle shoes seems to be those with side laeings. lneidentally, plaid shoe strings are still well liked. Now letls take a quick glance about the campus and utter a few words of applause. First to those coeds whose current choice of sweaters and skirts is just too perfect-Audrey P., Txliekey Mae C., Peggy M.. Margaret XV.. Alice C.. Katherine I.. Patsy H., Florence A., Eleanor XV.. Bridge B.. Kay li.. and Marjorie P. To the two Sophs who are particularly outstanding for their constant neatness in their whole appearance: Doris K. and Evelyn l. To Frances L.-that sophomore in the dorm who's always wearing new shoes she buys in XVashington. It was Frances who Hrst introduced us to the side-laced saddle shoes. lust now she's wearing a new pair of two- toned moccasins. Our boys certainly haven't lost any time in adopting the new Men's Dress Code. They can really pick up some snappy sweaters. A nod of approval goes to these: lrl. Astrin's pin stripe fAh yes, Henry, and with those saddle shoes you have that good old collegiate airl. I. Horst's A'Study in Green" is also quite effective. It's been reported that Bareham is right there in his tan sweater which he dons with his brown tweed trousers. XVon't you wear this ensemble more often. Mr. B2 A. Seidler and E. johnson. too, both seem to be Uwearers of the green". ls this a false assumption or are some of our men too sophisticated to take up this sweater-in-class idea? At any rate, by being so conservative they are definitely re- taining that dignified and professional man-about-town air. THE WISH IEAN CONNOR l would l we1'e a freshman who Could speak when he is spoken to - XVho tells his teachers when and where XVith statements smooth and debonair. But though l have a countenance That registers intelligence. lt often seems to me unfair To have to prove my brains are there! 23 IIMIIIIIISIIIIT3 Orchestra Personnel Maxrxn Barns 'WYHY DO we have an organ in the Orchestra? I never hear it." This is a question often asked of Miss Prickett and members of the orchestra. XYhy have it. then? The orchestra is built around the organ. The organ binds the orchestra in the middle. often doubling for the woodwind section. XVithout it. much of the blending harmony and various tone effects would be missing. Xllith these facts in mind. we should give Miss Celwasser and Mr. Horst the credit which is due them for their proficiency in playing this instrument. Most of us realize the importance of the piano in a small orchestra. XYithout the harmony of the piano chords. the effect of a small orchestra is incomplete. Be- cause it is not a solo instrument. it must be subservient to the rest of the orchestra. The piano. like the organ. must also double for other instruments. in the event that a part is weak. Therefore. it can be seen that a piano lends balance as well as harmony when skillfully played. XYithout the reeds or woodwinds. a noisy or stringy tone is effected by the orchestra depending upon the predominance of brass or strings. In a string ensemble the effect is charming. but a continuous string tone in orchestral expression becomes exceedingly monotonous. A feeling of breadth and power is desirable which can- not be had from the strings alone. The woodwinds help to achieve breadth. since their tones amplify or in- tensify those of the strings. and add brilliancy to them as well. For instance. when a plaintive. melancholy tone is desired. the clarinet can be played to give this special effect. Miss XYilhelm has been working diligently on the tympani. perfecting the essential rhythm which is al- lotted to these important percussion instruments. ,E THE ALUMNI ORCHESTRA Over a month ago. Alumni members of the Orchestra and Miss Prickett organized an Alumni Orchestra. which meets every other Tuesday night from 7:30 to 9:00 P. M. Anne Arundel. Baltimore. and Harford counties, as well as Baltimore City are represented by members of the graduating classes from 1930 to 1938. There are twelve charter members. who make up a C0111- 24 N-KISOII Grluuzssvr 5II.f:'l7Iill1 ll'1'lf1:'lm Hors! plete instrumentation. Members of the College I chestra who qualify will be invited to join the orchestr upon graduation. At the hrst meeting Mr. Malcolm Davies was electe president of the organization. Under the direction c Miss Prickett. the orchestra has begun work. Th members plan to make their initial public performanc on Memorial Day, at which time they will play a selei tion at our College assembly. Miss Prickett also plar to have a number combining the present College an alumni orchestras on this date. Notes from the Glee ON MARCH 27. the Clee Club took part in musical program for the benefit of the Metropolita Opera Association. This organization is conducting nation-wide campaign for funds with which to cc its work and this was the opportunity of the ' to help. The program was held during the period and a silver olTering taken. Last year the Clee Club joined the Maryland Fede' ation of Music Clubs and participated in the preview of the Spring Festival at the Maryland Casualty. YV have joined the Federation again this year and had part in its spring program. The selections sung by ou group were: "The Lords Prayer" - Malotte U "Roses of the South" - Strauss ' "Salvation is Created" - Tschesnokoff. The program was held on April 5. at the Peabody! Conservatory. ' 2' ALUMNI GLEE CLUB Let the Clee Club look to its laurels. There is noi an Alumni Clee Club! About seventy-tive graduates. all former Glee Clu. members. have responded by letter or their presence t TOWER LIGH 'V lr' li P "n invitation to organize and prepare for the seventy- l fth anniversary of the College next year. Because of i he difliculty in arranging the time of rehearsals to suit 'veryone, the attendance has not yet attained the goal 'hat suggests itself - the complete quota of seventy- .ve - one for each of the anniversary years. but the verage attendance of forty-live thus far achieved is fratifying. Rehearsals scheduled for the rest of this year are Qiuiiday. April 7. April ZS, and May l9. all at 3:00 P. M.. In room lOl of the Administration Building. XVe hope lo sing for our friends for the first time on Alumni Day. this year. lune S. eet--Maestro Horst L THE ENTHUSIASTIC reception accorded 'tlohnny Horst and His Boys" at the Sophomore Iamboree was an Lndisputable indication that we agile alligators are ca- pable of recognizing pure and unsullied swing - as pro- .lueed by creative swingaroos. . However. we are mere novices inducting ourselves into the depth of swing and are only cognizant of an .rtist in our midst. The important thing is that the abil- ity of 4'The Boys" has been acclaimed by an experi- enced and popular musician. Q On Friday and Saturday evenings. March lS and l6, Holmny Horst and His Boys" played at the 'Jolly jun- ior lubileew at Forest Park. Eddy Duchin. who was yurrently playing here in Baltimore, had accepted For- pst Parks invitation to visit the Iubilee on Friday even- ing. XVhen he heard the "Boys" "a-swingin' away." he immediately inquired the name of the band. Ile and Iohnny Horst met. Eddy Duchin commended the band with the profound utterance: uit has great possibilities." And that. dear students. in any man's language. is some thing! ! Musical Notes iXlILDRIiD SNYDICR Another Sophomore member of the Clee Club is adding laurels to his name now that hc is singing with "Horst,s Orchestra' '... of course. we mean lack Hart. O O The outstanding work of Eugene XVebster. Sopho- more violinist. is familiar to you because of his lovely duet with our guest harpist of a few months ago and because of previous accounts of his achievements. I O Very shortly we of the College shall see a new mem- ber in the orchestra. Miss Mary Metcalf of Sophomore 2. who has been studying violin with Miss Priekett this year, has joined the orchestra and is now practicing the repertoire of the orchestra. I O Some day in the far distant future when you ask your pupils to turn to page eight in their song books. dont be surprised to find the composer of the song to be M. M. XVilson. Recently Miss XVilson has set the childs prayer. A'Now I Lay Me." to music and has composed a few children's ditties. 5 Period With Our Health Officer Ti ESTHER BLUIXISTEIN l IS Monday morning. The last bell has rung. the nstructor smiles pleasantly. not apologetically. but Erm- Qy, as she begins with a question. not on the lesson, Vis there a health oliicer here?" Q Someone ineekly raises a hand and proceeds to rise. at the same time dropping a notebook which seatters its f:omponents none too gracefully. She walks towards the ivindows when suddenly. like a summer shower. she remembers the thermometer. This must be the one room in the building where that all-important device Lis yet has not been spied. The reading is seventy-two. Although this may sound comfortable. the rule states ihat when the temperature is seventy-two in any room. 'here is too much warmth. f Thereupon our health oificer proceeds to perform l5PRIL - 1940 her noble deed. After looking at both sides of the ra- diator tthe wrong side hrstj she opens the window ever so little. Uneonsciously. an attempt is made to analyze the amount. but why bother? No measurement is per- feet. Our health ofliccr need never be oppressed by thc thought that she will have to remain in her seat for an unendurably long time. Her training has begun. After half a period of comparative tranquillity. a tap is felt on the vertebrates with the summons. "lt's freezing in here. Turn on the heat. l feel as if l were in an iceboxf' The health oiiiccr has a mental debate. but under social pressure. gets up as unobtrusively as possible. carefully evades stumbling. and then turns her eyes to the thermometer, which now reads sixty-seven degrees. 25 She smiles as she closes the window, turns the wheel on the radiator to the left. Once more back in her seat, the health ofiicer is fairly complacent. when a firm tap is felt. "Turn off the heat. Open a window. lim roasting in here. l'll get a headache yet, and I'm going to a test next period." The health officer glances at her watch. That bell can't delay much longer. There, it rings! VValking i i through the halls with other students she hears, "Th next time l come to College Monday without my jacket' I hope somebody kicks me." Our health oflicer keeps her fingers crossed, hoping that perhaps by some good fortune, the next room wil' be in a healthful state or. if not, no one will know thi difference. 1 I ollege February 26, 1940- Brilliant Fagin, of the Hopkins Playshop, came to speak to us about various plays and productions. I-le told of producing 'Our American Comedy" in 1929. and of one of our own students who had a part in it. This comedy was first produced by professional players in 1789. Dr. F agin surveyed the typical drama of this country and England. America has not had much time to IJTO- duce tragedies, but Eugene O'Neill and Maxwell An- derson havc recently begun to write them. On the other hand. the Americans have produced a great deal of good farce. The comedies at which America laughs seein chiefly to have yokel-like characters. like Rip Van YV in- kle and David Harum. An outstanding actor in such roles was XVill Rogers. The English are noted for their barbed satire, such as that produced by George Ber- nard Shaw, and for their "teacup and saucer" comedies, which are comedies of manners with sparkling dialogue. Ben Ionson and Shakespeare were especially skillful at writing this type of comedy. and Philip Barrie. in his 'AA Philadelphia Story," now playing with Katherine Hepburn in the leading role, has produced a modern example of merit. Dr. Fagin gave us some idea about the work of the Hopkins Playshop and about plays and productions in general. The Mummers sponsored this assembly. February 29, 1940- A new type of campaign assembly was introduced at a meeting of the Student Council. After the student body, under the able leadership of Mr. Seidlcr and his corps of cheer leaders. had worked up a display of Col- lege spirit which culminated in the singing of "Stand Up and Cheer," the candidates for the various offices of the Student Council were called to the platform and introduced one by one to the student body. Each can- didate or campaign manager made a short campaign speech. Following these was a "campaign parade" with 26 I alendar E signs and more cheering and the singing of "For He's I jolly Good Fellow," to adjourn this spirited meeting. ' March 4, 1940- I Mr. Bettinger. an artist who conducts an art scho fi on the Caspe Peninsula. presented a color film of thi' beautiful country. ln his choice of subjects, which in eluded lovely wild flowers in brilliant colors, quaint do, carts, exciting winter sports, and the graceful bird lift of the peninsula, the speaker revealed himself the trui artist. There were no flaws in his photography. Eacl picture helped us to understand the life of this pictui csque region, and Mr. Bcttinger's humorous and run ning commentary sufliced to make every picture clear liven the accompanying music. the Franck D Mino Symphony, was aptly chosen for the film. No doubt tht speaker awakened a desire in many to visit this faq cinating country when we have a chance to travel. March 5, 1940- j At about 6:05 P. M. girls came down the steps read' for the birthday party, dressed like the "Cay Ninetiesj with tight waists, high necklincs and big sleeves. Mis' Creer's hat. with its large plumes. made a great hit' as did the many upswept hair styles. The wing of th-j dining hall, like "Little Old New York," had the lamj posts and street signs of Broadway and Fifth Avenue After the dinner, appropriate songs were sung and sev eral dances were introduced. Prizes were distributed fo' proficiency in dancing. All those who had birthdays iif November. December, january and February enjoyed' the old-fashioned party immensely. 1 March 6, 1940- At the regular Vesper Service on March sixth. wi were led in informal discussion by Miss Dorothy Em crson, a staff member of the University of Maryland and the Girls' State -llrl Club agent. The theme of th-I service was "Praycr." Many phases of this topic wer' Towi-:R LIGHT I i a l r I iseussed, the main ones being prayer for others. prayer ir self, and prayer when we don't recognize it as such. 'he problem of answered and unanswered prayer also roved to be an issue of great interest. To add to the Jirit of the occasion, Martha Sclmebly read several oeins, to the accompaniment of violin music by Gene Vebstcr. larch 8, 1940- Huge bunches of luscious-looking purple grapes hung 'om an auditorium banded with the colors of the Span- h flag. On the backdrop was a Spanish couple dancing. 'hus was the atmosphere of this year's Rural Club Dance - A Spanish Fiesta - set up. The soft music of ie orchestra and the gay rhythms of the Spanish danc- r, Esta Bablan, combined to make the dance an enjoy- ble one for all those present. Iarch 11, 1940- if Kirk's Silver Company of Baltimore presented an ed- :cational picture and lecture on the making of silver. ll rr l l l f. ii i '. 21 il r li fl 'l 1 ii rl. g. I i i yi 1 5 .I ri .F ll V. ill the important processes: melting, cutting, weaving, ngraving, chasing, and polishing were shown and ex lained. Of particular interest were the steps in fashion- ig a lovely silver teapot from a round disk of silver, and ie procedure employed in engraving and chasing de- gns by hand on other large pieces of silverware. All iose who saw the pictures should now have a better ap- reciation of the infinite amount of patience and crafts- ianship which are involved in the manufacture of per- :etion silverware. Iareh 18, 1940- Sponsored by the Natural History Group, Mr. Allan iliiruikshank, an instructor at Audubon Nature Camp, Joke on wild birdlife. His lecture was splendidly illus- trated with colored photographs which he had taken while observing birds. Mr. Crnikshank devoted a great deal of the time to gannets, wild birds which nest along the cliffs of the Gaspe Peninsula and upon nearby Bonaventure Island. Gther photographs of birds and mammals were shown and Mr. Cruikshank accompanied these by telling erst- while potential photographers how to begin to develop the technique of taking pictures. Among his photo- graphs shown were several which had gained wide recog- nition because of their excellence, one appearing in a recent Life magazine. The speaker emphasized the importance that photo- graphs have in teaching, stating that very few teachers recognize their value. He also spoke about the great pleasure and enjoyment he derived from his work and he reiterated the fact we so often hear that birds are the most fascinating of crea- tures to study. Nlr. Cruikshank talked in a personal and charming manner, and his conversation was often sprinkled with amusing comments. March 23, 1940- XVedding bells pealed for Grace M. Lowe, class of '3-1, and XVilliam L. Storv Anaheim, California, March 5, 1940- "Connie Mack thinks rookie Al Rubeling will till the order at third base for thc Philadelphia Athletics." Al. originally of the class of '34 here at State Teachers Col- lege, was purchased from the Atlanta Crackers. of the Southern Association, for the sum of S35,000 last sea- son. Al is a right-handed batter who hit well over .300 for the Crackers. Things e Can' t Live Without 1. Mr. Crook's haircut 2. Aggie Kernan's little blue skirt 3. Mr. lXIoser's 3-pointed handkerchiefs -l. Bill Kahn's announcements 5. Mr. Minnegan's "Steady, now" 6. VVhitey Lauenstein ! ! 7. The library's overdue sign 8. lack Koontz' friendliness 9. The place over the hill lf,PRIL - 1940 'A Q. 1 al lO. Charles Guertler's posters ll, lzzy's little white coat l2. XVhitey Lauenstein ! ! l3. The three lemons in the parking lot tfrcsh. at thatj l-1. The A'attractive" satin shorts our boys wear at games 13. Bernie Phelps' little hat 16. Tuesday, 'XVednesday, and 'lVil1l1l'SCl2l1' nights at ten! 17, Freddie Bfs impulsivcness 27 Posters For You IIENRY ASTRIN "lSN'T THAT a good-looking poster?" an admiring girl-student says of a piece of tagboard bearing modcrne India inked words. "Bah, not so hot!" replies a male and walks away. Lucky poster maker! You have been selected to serve on a publicity committee. and that. my son. is quite a privilege. You merely have to make a few posters, tliat's all, just a few small things, nothing elaborate . . . you may even develop the idea of the poster yourself. You may say to yourself, "Colly. I'm on the publicity committee! I wonder why they selected mc, of all peo- ple? XV ell, I had better get some materials from the book- shop. A piece of tagboard and a bottle of India ink! I suppose I'll have to pay for this myself. Oh, well. Okay. I-Iere's thirty cents. You're welcome. You know, I'm beginning to think it's almost worth thirty cents to be on the committee. I can just picture myself pointing nonchalantly to my poster and saying. 'Oh, yes, this is mine,' while my head grows out of proportion. . . . Now what can I put on this thing? Something terse, like ARE U COMING TO THE MAKEMORE REVUE? No, that wouldn't do at all! How about MAKE MORE FRIENDS AT THE MAKEMORE REVUE? Yes. that's pretty good! Novel and concise. I believe I'll use it .... How does one begin these posters. anyway? Let's see .... one, two, three, four, live .... I'll need five lines. The tagboard is two feet in length, so . . . live into twenty-four will go Eve. no four times with four left over. Thatls four and four-tifths inches. Heck, my ruler is divided into sixteenths. Oh. for a slide-rule! XVell, let's see. Thirty-two, forty-eight, sixty-four, eighty, eighty- six. Thats tive into eighty is sixteen, and that times for is sixty-four, also sixteen into eighty is five. So th: means that one-eighth, no, tive-eighths of an . . . Wai tive into sixteen should give me . . . aw, what a heat ache! I'll just put it on four lines. That means six inchcj to a line, or live with one inch between. There! No' I suppose I'll have to make a rough sketch of the letter' in pencil. M A K KI O . . . say, that doesn't look exactlj right. Oh, I left out the 'E'. There, that's better nov MAKE MORE FRIENDS AT THE M A K f' N O R E R E V U E. Now comes the hardest par Hoahum, Im getting a bit tired, too. Oh. oh, a littl too much ink on here! XVhew, I C311 hardly draw straight line with this kind of pen! XVhat kind of f would look best here, I wonder. Oh, what's the diff! don't like all these capitals. Should I make them low case? I wonder if some color might help, too. On sel ond thought, no! Etc., etc." I Fortunate man! You have iinally ended your labo and may now sit back and reap your reward. You do nr sign your name at the bottom, for you have been tol by your art teacher that only a few people in this worl are good enough to be able to put their names to a piec of art without any qualms of self-consciousness, an you. my boy. are not one of those few. So you display tt bit of publicity in the most prominent spot in the hall hoping you will be seen tacking it up. Of course. yc are never seen, and with the passage of time, the judgr fstudentsj also pass . . . all but a few who stop lor enough to say. "Isn't that a good-looking poster!" cf "Bah, not so hot!" I hat XV. NORRIS VVEIS HAIL SOPHOMORES! XVell, it's your issue, so let's read about you. To properly introduce you to these so- phisticated Sophs, it is only just to say that they are especially noteworthy because of their l. Supply of students who have a swell sense of humor 2. Cooperation in all College events 3. Participation on athletic teams 4. Injection of some real school spirit into the gang S. The Sophomore jamboree 6. The class "lovers" and the class "loves" 28 Things to Remember About the Sophs QIIow could we forget?j l. XVild YVilly Kahn's announcements 2. Seidler's Master of Cerimonying 3. Agnes' criticism of So Wfhat -I. johnny Horst's orchestra . Lou Hendersoifs "Good Humor" 6. Sam Klopper's "conduction" of class meetings ' T. Miss Parrich's lawn, eh. Bob Reed? S. jack I-Iarts's crooning 9. jim Cernik's Bund I 5 TOWER LIGHi I F r ! Interesting Note It has been pointed out that if all humor columnists Vere laid end to end. it would be a swell idea! I fe Sophomore Romances A QLest Vlfe Forgetj l l. Dave Hess and Peggitrude l 2. Willy Gaver and Miss Mercer. QAll's not wcll.j 3. Ruth Dietz has our Long Lou I 4. Nan Frey and Lucien Peters E S. Iohnny Dawson and Ronnie I 6. Bob Reed's Carr l 7. Sam Klopper and Ieanette Iones I u eff i Unrelated Ravings i 4 1 It was unusual to give way to two joint writers for the 'reslnnan issue, but the two co-eds did admirably with ine material in a limited space. Mary Io and Harriet .proved very observant for only being a year old. I .I lt if Learnings Required for Ll BS. ill 1. Topography of the Glen I Z. A'Livefiish" handshake 3. An automatic grin ,I -I. The receiving-line technique ll 5. To be able to classify scientifically the modern il' coiffures ll 6. Become a Mozart in four easy years 51 7. To eat undetected in the library ll S. Men: Acquire their Ph.P. fPhilosophy of Poolj 9. Electrical skill in handling the light switches in il the Parlor . The art of inasticating one's food without being 1 comprehended by the scrutinizing eye of the I0 librarian ,H l ll y News Notes on the Profs Did you know that - l. Coach Minnevan treated to cigars? . L 7 D D .X -. Miss XVeyforth got a ticket for reckless driving? I 3. Miss Birdsong joined the Maryland Youth Con- gress? fl. Miss Yoder hereby cancels all outstanding library Hncs? Q 5. Miss Bader refuses to interrupt a student while Q reciting? if No, we'rc not nutsg but this is April Foo. mouth. so .l life humbly ask pardon. illXPRIL - 1940 i I l I I. But it's not April lfool when wc report that ljddie Duchin congratulated Iohnny Ilorst when he rDuf chinj heard Iohnny playing at lforcst Park High. Thats some feather in the cap of your orchestra, Iohn, inc lad. fff So, until the May issue, when Lee McCarriar returns from the great outdoors fStudcnt Teaching to yousel to collaborate on the Iunior issue column. I say - So long, and, So XVhat! You Wfill Bc A Wfelcome Depositor In Ciba Zganh nf Baltimore Qluuntp YORK ROAD . . . TOWSON, MD. Deposits Guaranteed to 555,000.00 SO THEY SAY . . . He moved like a glacier of molasses. I'm so Hat they could play me on the victrola. She's so argumentative she won't even eat anything that agrees with her. Did you know that every year is Leap Year for pe- destrians? As badly off as a woodpecker in the petrified forest. Victor Columbia Decca Illucbird Records at IIIICIISCIIILD K 0llN 8: C0. llaltilnorc D 1 L E M M A IRAN CoNNoR Clever as I am, At one thing I'm inept - How to sign a late slip XVhen I merely overslcpt. Licxrxt 1'oN HIARKI i lloruxs Nl.-XRKITI PI 'wa 3310 at .1 .. , D. CALLAHANQS SUNS Sea Food Bi-u.'1'1AioRF xi.x1u'r,ixNn 29 WAT c H R E PAIR 'Neills Charles Street at Lexington GUARANTEED Compliments of . . . TOWSON THEATER Uibe Straub jfiattunal Bank of Ulutnsnn, MD. LOUISE BEAUTY SHOPPE 32 YORK ROAD - Phone, TOWSON 1022 CONVENIENT FOR COLLEGE Specializing in Individual Styling and New Wella Hair Treatment People with Discriminating Tastes Prefer Esskay Quality MEAT PRQDUCTS 30 .F Why I Agree With Darwin COLBURN RIARTIN 'l'HE DISMISSAL of assembly, and the ensuing in holocaust. is indeed a blot on the record of mankind.j'y XYhen the herd stampedes. all civility is dropped and' the generally mild lambkins turn instantaneously intoi inhuman killers. ' ln fact, the entire process of assembly-dismissing itself' is almost unbelievable. You have to be there to realiz the frightful loss of human life and property. lust a few minutes before the assembly period ends. a feeling of unrest and tenseness pervades the audience. About that time the barometer drops on all ships out on Chesa- peake Bay. John R. XVeeks sends out a storm warning- loyv-pressure area over northern Baltimore. YVhen Dr XViedefeld calmly announces "assembly dismissed." it is the equivalent of saying, 'Athe worlds coming to an end." As the President's words shatter the calm. even sineyv is strained. every deep breath has been taken, and all prayers have been said. There is a pinpoint of si-' lence. ln that brief instant the earth braces itself for the titanic explosion to folloyv. XVhen assembly is dis- missed. it's like letting the cats out of the bag - VVILD- CATS! Each person feels his sacred obligation to emulate a hurricane. Every child of nature returns to the Iunglc Layv. The yveaklings are trampled siekeningly under foot Once in a while above the clash. thunder and acric smoke. comes a belloyv from the bursting lungs of , helpless marshal, screaming: "XVomen and childrer first. XYalk. not run to the nearest exit! Remember thc Alamo. Haul in the yard arms! Reef out the uppers Batten doyvn the hatches and all men on deck!" And this is only one of a thousand pictures. All de scribe the same Armageddon. All shiver as they rememl ber the desolation left after the Hunlike horde has shot through the doors. Limp bodies. weak groans. and tat tered standards fallen in the dust, yvith xvisps of smokc still hovering like phantom buzzards above the battle' field. and yvith the faint note of a dying bugle call fad ing ayvay - this is the Flanders Field of State Teacherz' College. Here is xvhere Americas National Defense iz being strengthened, in our little old test-tube proving ground. the assembly. Here are forged the muscles. ant the broken-Held running of the hope of our nation. XVi cannot help but consecrate this halloxvcd ground to thi marshals. to the faculty. to all those hraxe souls xvhr have not died in vain. that we might get to lunch T.: seconds earlier. TOWER L1GHi 1 ifan Sant, S.T.C. '25, Appointed Iiffto New Post with City Schools 'IH E M AN Y Y. M. C. A. friends of Thomas A. Van int, Ir.. will be pleased to hear of his recent appoint- xant to the headquarters staff of the Baltimore Public llhool system. He has been made acting director of the ivision of Adult Education. iWMr. Van Sant was vice-principal of the Patterson Park pnior High School at the time of his appointment. He Its been a member of the faculty of the Baltimore Col- llge of Commerce - the Y. M. C. A. School of Account- Ilg and Business Management - for a number of years, ing instructor in Economies. He is one of our most pular faculty members. Iln addition to his interest in the educational work of Y. M. C. A.. Mr. Van Sant has come up through ISE ranks of Y. M. C. A. wrestling, and is a skilled ref- I?-ze in addition to being a several-time South Atlantic A. U. champion and a high scorer in national A. A. j. wrestling meets. He coached the Iohns Hopkins Uni- Ifsity wrestling squad for several seasons. illinowing Mr. Van Sant's eminent qualifications as I educator, as an athlete and as a man, we feel that the V school authorities could not possibly have made a tter appointment than this one to what is becoming increasingly responsible post in the city school sys- -From Y. M. C. A. News. ID YOU KNOXV THAT . . . ,, n. , i , Subjects have a right to partition the king? In most of the United States murderers are put to 1 death by elocution? Coethals was the man who dug the alimentary canal? The centaurs were half-hoarse because they had to live in damp eaves? A circle is a round straight line with a hole in the 3 middle? Milton was a blind poet who wrote "Paradise Lost." I VVhcn his wife died he wrote "Paradise Regainedn? ll vacuum is an empty space in Rome where the Pope ' lives? iThe Boar XVar was when Louis XIV hunted a wild pig? -Natural immunity means catching a disease without 7' the aid of a doctor? ilsouis KVI was gelatined during the French Revolu- tion? I I PRIL - 1940 A Deposit of 31.00 Opens a Checking Account in the CHECKZVIASTER Plan at Ulibe illutnsun Rational Zeank TOWSON, MD. Our only charge is five cents for each cheek drawn and each deposit. Est. 1886 Telephones, Towson 4 and 5 History. . . . . E ,..,.. Broadway Hit Psychology . .. IT PAYs TO ADVERTISE Fact.. ,. . . . For the CULTURAL FUND Tuesday, April 30th Price .........,..,,......V 4 .,,. A ..., 40 cents By special arrangement with Samuel French 1VIason's Service Station Betboline - Richfield Gasoline Official AAA Station 24-Hour Service TOWSON, MD. - Phone, Towson 554 SPRINGS IN THE AIR AT HUTZLER'S Everywhere in flze sfore ilzere are intriguing things to pep up your winter u'arci1'0be or fir a new spring Ulllffllif II TZLER BFQTHEIQ Q BANKING SERVICE FOR THE INDIVIDUAL Personal Loans if, Investment Certihcates issued in multiples Of of S50.00. Interest payable january lst S100 to S1000 and July lst. At Fair Rates. IVE INVITE YOUR INQUIRY Citizens' Industrial Bankers, Inc. ' 104 ST. PAUL STREET - - - BALTIMORE, MARYLAND Town .Ci scooPs courmzv CALVIN PARKER EVE R ON the alert for new ways to benefit its read- ers. the 'TOXVER LIGHT has beaten the entire literary world to the punch. NVe have succeeded in obtaining tat great expensej from Ballyhoo Magazine of happy mem- ory this amazing new feature - and, best of all, it will not cost you one penny extra! Sounds unbelievable, doesn't it? Of course it does. BALLYHOOS GLOSSARY OF ADVERTISING TERMS or How to Tell XVhat the Ad Pages Are Talking About In One Easy Lesson. "They laughed when l sat down with Harpers Bazaar." Advertising Plain English Parfum . , . Perfume Odner . . . . Odor Creme . . . Grease Mode . , . . , , , . . , , , , Fashion Poudre . , , . . . . , . ,Powder Delicate Membrane . Any Part of the Body Better-Class . . . ..... Higher-Priced De Luxe , . , , , . .,,, Expensive Oral Cavity . , , . . . . . , Mouth Lnbricate the Skin-Texture ..,.. . . .Put On Grease Pore-Deep Cleansing . Xkashing the Face Big Money ,,,, . , About Fifteen Dollars a XYcek llarsh Irritants All the Ingredients of a Competitors Product .Xrtisan . Factory XYorker lfrnollient , . , Oily Modern Science . , The Copy XYriter's Department Ordinary Rival Product Creation . . . , . Garment .Xstonnding .Xnything Slightly New .Xmazing , . . Ditto .Xchiex emcnt New Model .Xnyone with a Fancy Name Society Leader Great Scientist Any Doctor XVho XYill Sign An Endorsement Lifetime . , ..,., Until the New Model Comes Out Underthings ,,,, ,,,. ,.., ,,.,.,, U n d erelothes Dermatologist .,,.r , , , ,... Skin Doctor Pharmacologist , . . . Drug Clerk Exclusive .,... .,,. . . . Expensive Initial Expenditure ,,,. . , . Price Vitamins ,,,, , . . . . .The Alphabet Dentifriee . .,,. . .Toothpaste Pride of Ownership. . , . , , Snobbery Ultra,Violet . , . , . . , . Ultra Hooey Sophomore Women in Sports tContinued from Page 22,3 the exhibition which sh and Howard Stottlemyer gave at the Sophomore Ian boree? The crowd A'ohed" and "aired" during the ei tire match. She has a terrific drive and doesn't min using it on her opponents. In the early part of Marcl Virginia went to New York to participate in a tournn ment. There. among many top-ranking players of tt country, she reached the quarter finals ,... The girls didn't do so badly in basketball either. . large number of them came out for practice ever week. Then in the inter-class games. they tied tli Seniors for first place. YVho knows what might has happened if they had played off the tie. ix One freshma team was tops. tool . . . And of course there is Girls' Demonstration Nigh The Sophomores are rather proud of that plaque. Ii one can deny that we didn't work hard for it. XVe gar way to the luniors in Newcomb and in German Kick Ball but we were victorious in End Ball and in Thro and Stoop Relay. Our dances were such fun that v smiled as we danced. Could that be why the judg rated us so highly? Hats off to the luniors and Freshmen. They we good. too. as was shown by the closeness of the score' The judges must have been hard put to determine tl winner, but were glad they decided as they did. . . 32 E OND LUCSPG CO BL MORE In,-... . I' M' ' Im. I- 7.. ,- . . II V 'WUWT' ', Y.- ' . . ' " -He.. II. 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'I I ' .---'35, ' .J r 1' ' '1 ' ' I ' 'x I A" 4 I,-"..,4. .I" '.nI I.,'I1 I, " ,...I, .I II II , ,I . .44 II',,.'.'jI - -Im III- ' 4.- .I I I 1. ' ' I .,., I I L ' - .- ..- -., . 4 .1 . 1...-M W1. .. I! ' Tu L. ,. i. ,, . , . "Ne 5 T T xflzjgl , X M. .fx V , 4' Eff: .fy t N., . ,X Y K? ,, X haf, if-we fn?" Y' Ev WMM, N Af 'N X'ws.,,,, ,, A' 1 -ight Y 4 FRANCESCA SIMS of TEXAS 1 gf g chesferfaeld Girl Orme Month ,. g g T of Q so 6 0 j A roundup of all you E as ' want in a cigarette L 1 I kffkh , T75 1, , : A1 rm: ,cant co C o H5575 T Tl1ey're COOLER S. they TASTE BETTER 1hey're DEFINITELY MILDER These are the things you get from Cll6St6l'fi6ld,S right combination of the world's best cigarette tobaccos. Make sure of more smoking pleasure . . . make your next pack Chesterfield and you'll say "They give me just what I want . . . THEY SATlSFY.,' ..1'r.Bf'Mv T OWU' iqlzf if 1940 1 il 5 F OUT IN SANTA BAR- BARA. Xvest Coast girls play a lot of polo. Peggy McManus. shown about to mount one of her ponies. is a daring horsewoman... often breaks and trains her own horses. She has car- ried olf many cups and ribbons at various horse shows and rodeos. SPEEDS THE THING IN A HORSE, BUTI LIKE MY CIGARETTES SLOW BURNING THAT MEANS CAMELS THE CIGARETTE THAT GIVES ME THE EXTRASl PEGGY LICMAINPUS faborej has won nu- merous cups for "all-'round girl"...studied ranch management at the Ifniversity of California. Shes a swell dancer. swims. a crack rifle shot...handles a shotgun like an expert. She picks Camels as the "all-'round" cigarette. "They're miider. cooler. and more fragrantf' Peggy says. "By burning more slowly. Camels give me extra smokes. Penny for penny. Camels are certainly the best cigarette buy." MORE PLEASURE PER PUFF . . . MORE PUFFS PER PACK! S xiii 5.592 'A f ln' recent laboratory tests, CAMELS burned 25 95 slower than the average of the 15 other of the largest-selling ibrands tested - slower than any of them. That means, on the average, a smoking plus equal to S FAQ EXTRA SMOKES Q PER I ' PACK! zgx - z ...but the cigarette for her is slower-burning Camels because that means 1 ,. ' J 1 1,53-fjihs' V- '. S53-5 1 155575 ,yr A ai: V 1'-1 111 1 . :iv-,y-. ...P-at .- 1- "IQ ::E"K ' ' " ,ff xl 6352 .MMM NORTH. SOUTH. EAST. XVEST-people feel the same way about Camel cigarettes as Peggy does. Camels went to the Ant- arctic with Admiral Byrd and the U. S. Antarctic expedition. Camel is Joe DiMaggio's cigarette. People like a ciga- rette that burns slowly. And they Find the real. worth while exiras in Camels- an extra amount of mildness. coolness. and flavor. For Camels are slower-burning. Some brands burn fast. Some burn more slowly. But it is a settled fact that Camels burn slower than any other brand tested free leftl. Thus Camels give extra smok- ing...a plus equal. on the average, to five extra smokes per pack. Copyright, 1940, R. J. Riynolds Tob. Co.. Winston-Salem.X. C. 3 m S - Me cgifazeie pfbfgagfzrfzzig Qfffhgfacwf I gi is Ng N Tnnsrnrr EDITORS EVELYN A. FIEDLER KATHERINE FEASER RICHARD CUNNINGHARI CH.iRLES GROSS CIRCULATION MANAGERS Esther Royston Margaret Heck Virginia Roop Norma Gambrill ADVERTISING MANAGERS Elizabeth XVeems Ieanette Iones Margaret Lowry BUSINESS MANAGERS Yvonne Belt Iohn Edward Koontz DEPARTMENT EDITORS Art Dorothy Snoops Alice Trott Miriam Kolodner Audrey Pramschufer Marguerite XVilson Humor Katherine Iacob Frances Shores Elizabeth Melendez Science Lee McCarriar Iohn Chilcoat Iames O'Connor Athletics Catherine Paula Nolan Chipman Library Elizabeth Zentz Audrey Horner Doris Klank Service Station Ieanne Krayetz General Literature Nannette Trott Irma Sennhenn Patricia Herndon Music Sydney Baker Exchanges Mildred Hanient Fashions Marie Parr Dorothy Sisk College Events llelen Picek Mary Brashears Nancy Metzger T Q9 LH L Ll A LEE il' vo1.xI1I QQ MAY - 1940 ss No.8 CONTENTS PAGE RIACNOLIAS AND PROGRESS . . 2 CHILDREN IN THIS CHANGING YVORLD . 4 PROGRESS .,.... -I ON PROGRESS . 5 POETRY ..... 7 SCIENTIFIC AND SOCIAL PROGRESS . 8 PROGRESS FOR ONE ONLY . . . 9 CRIME AND PUNISHAIENT, BY FREUD . . ll EDITORIALS ..... . I3 LOTS OF LUCK . . . . 15 TIIE RED AND THE XVHITE . 16 MUSIC .... . 16 SPORTS . . . . IS COLLEGE CALENDAR . . 21 T IIE LIBRARY - AT YOUR SERVICE . . 22 ALUININI NEWS . . . . 23 SO XVHAT . . 24 XVHY A lh"IATH CLUB? . . 25 FASHIONS .... . 26 XVIIAT COLLEGE DID FOR ME . . 29 ADVERTISERIENTS . . 30 IIUIXIOR . . - 30 Photograph - Iunior Class Adviser PHgC 2 Orchestra Personnel . . - P2130 17 Mary Di Peppi Design on Page 13 ...... Miriam Kolodncr C lEfffI'jffi THE TOWER LIGHT is published monthly - October H YI 1 I' ' I' t, Catlwfine Gm- through Iune - by the Students of the State 'teachers College limes lm at Towson, Maryland. ....... . ALICE MUNY - - AI U' 0 Edt I ariablrle 1 Or PER YEAR . 20 CIHZNTS PVR COPY MAGNOLIAS AND PROGRESS 61126 97111164 I5 VI' OIR DOOR MJXIN. The willow trees that have hrtiveh' stood gnurd over our iee-ehoked brook through the long winter are now mix'- ing green baht' rihhons over its rippling snrfnee, The tunefni song spnrrows are singing in the Glen. or feasting on the inseets in the rnugnohrr trees. 2 josfilz Those hlessed inagnohn trees! Iloxx' the rnernory 1 their hlosaonw has cheered ns! How the 1Jl'Ol11iQC of the eonring hm heurtened ns in the days of Storm and eoli Their huge hronze hnds, stouth' resisting the pen trgiting eold. have kept up un nnhihored rhythm 1 growth. NYith gnnazing rapidity they ure now nnfoldir white and dusty pink hloasorns before our very eye TOWER LIGH 3 S blossoms of such beauty of line and color that we can i . . . imly stand motionless before them and gaze 111 silence. 1 j As they breathe out their almost transparent beauty jind shed their glow on man and wall, they seem to Hall us to springtime consciousness, to new effort and 1 ulfillment in all our ways. If we are willing to listen, hey whisper to us the secret of progress. 51 One of their first rules would be that we take stock :if ourselves as students, just as one cleans the attic i11 1 gpring, and make plans for successful unfoldment next wear and all the years. Do we need to discard some habits, habits that im- bede our progress, or some outmoded beliefs that have io further use? Are we wasteful and careless, even lazy lj nd indifferent concerning our great opportunities for jndividual development and democratic living? Are we iliscouraged over the results of our efforts to study and lehieve? Let us make a fresh start. Gratitude makes the ijtarting easier. Encouraging another is a great help. sjfwice this year has one member of the faculty been lieartened by the thanks of students, once by a student or assistance in the making of a teaching unit, and jince by a college class for attending a jamboree. Per- -iaps it will encourage the Assembly Committee to jzhank them periodically for the inspiring programs of- i ered us for convocation. N owadays, students and faculty alike seem to stay awake altogether. That I'1HlSt be a ign of progress. V 1 r L .1 ji Y. ,VVe can resolve to be flexible in making adjustments Jr the social good. VVays can be found to share o11r l ssets with organizations and other colleges to our l iutual benefit and understanding. ij We need to arrange our daily activities i11 a simple, flrderly fashion and sweep out unnecessary complexi- ies, as well as to turn from an uneritical, imitative i attern of living and teaching, to a plan of maturing l , idgment and originality. Let us not be like the Chinese 1 :holar who, Pearl Buck states, hated anything that was 1 'esh or original because he could not fit it i11to the r :yles he knew. . Let us be avid for learning, and approach the task .1 the spirit of receptivity and lllCiCPCllCiCllt accom- lishmentg let us be articulate as well as thoughtful and ijtilling to offer leadership to give impetus to progress: End above all, let us develop the art of attentive listen- jig, in order to live gracefully and to understand the ljrirring eve11ts of today. jj VVe 1'HllSt not be outdone by obstacles. Carleton .,IVashburne tells in his A Living Philosophy of Educa- jon of a XVinnetka child who entered a formal private jijthool in England. After some boring Chapel periods, ,ie boy addressed the astonished headmaster with an l F jjil-XY - 1940 -1 il in offer to make the assembly ll1Ol'C interesting. Later the headmaster told tl1e story, "lf the young blighter had been one of our own boys, l would have caned him for l1is impudenee. But l realized that he had just come from a new-fangled school i11 America, so I merely put l1i111 i11 his place!" VVhat is our solution for this problem? Let us laugh 111ore. Said a student of Buffalo State Teachers College recently, "Laughter keeps ugliness from a woman's face and meanness from a man's dis- position. A laugh is invigorating and cleansing to Hlllld and bodyfl Let us strive for good fellowship. In a letter to his wife at the close of the Civil VVar, Sidney Lanier writes thus of their children, "Let us try to teach them, dear wife, that it is only the small soul that ever cherishes bitterness, for the climate of a large and loving heart is too warm for that frigid plant." just as the enthusiasm of our students made a Tot Lot possible for little children in Baltimore, so we could organize a plan to share in alleviating the suf- ferings of children in war-torn Europe. It would mean sacrifice, but surely human happiness means IDOIC to us than amusements-and gum. Let us welcome our parents to the college. lt is good to have them come because all is well, and because we wish them to participate in our life, rather than to hear about it and pay the bills. Summer plans are sl1api11g themselves. One gro11p of juniors has a plan underway to see the Mississippi river this summer. The rest of us may go abroad at ho111e by enjoying trips to the mountains and ocea11. ln the sa111e way that the introduction of the practicums in the college has afforded opportunities for close obser- vation of child growth and deeper thought on pro- cedures to achieve this growth, so perhaps the college will sometime give proper credit for su1111ner camping with children on a twenty-four hour basis. Through all these experiences, o11r eyes and ears will be more attuned to soeiety's problems, and our hearts and minds will be ready to discover effective solutions and to raise worthwhile problems i11 11ew areas. These things will help our college to fulfill its destiny to stand like the magnolias in their places, sharing with the world the fragrance of its progressing ideas. The waters of inspiration will gush out fro111 it. and young people will come to it thro11gl1 the years. john Finley wrote the same message of our magnolia trees i11 The hflystery of the Minds Desire: "To be seeing the world made new every morning as if it were the 11lOI'I'1l1'lg of the first day, and tllCll to make the most of it for the individual soul as if each were tl1c last day, is the daily curriculum of the l1llIlCl'S desire." 3 hildren n This Changing orld PARENTS' PRIDE and joy! Teacher's little citi- zens! Gifted children! Unfortunate children! Poor children! Rich children! XVhite kiddies! Colored ones! C-ustaf-who speaks with an accent! lane-who enjoys elocution! Eleanor-who lives fifteen stories above the ground! Paul-who lives on a wheat far1n! Barbara- whose father is a bank president! Billy-whose father helps keep the city clean! Individuals-all of them, irrespective of their particular situations, Individuals because they live in a country that recognizes and pro- vides for the development of their individualism. How fortunate are these future American leaders in this changing world of today! And why do I say future leaders? Because now. more than ever, teachers are privileged to lead and to train children to live in a democracy. This means training in leadership and cooperative living, where responsi- bilities are shared by each member of a group. All of today's "infants" cannot be tomorrow's f'Roosevclts" or "Dewey-'s" or A'Fords" or "Thorndikes" but they can be leaders in their local governments. in their smaller professions, in their communities, and certainly all of them can be leaders in their families. But they must first be shown the ways of democratic livinU. Here the teacher's part is the most valuable one. Recently a Finnish teacher stood looking at the ruins of her nursery school. Two days before, the enemy had passed overhead in bombing planes, and almost im- mediately the school and the surrounding park and the church nearby had passed away with the planes. Some unfortunate women and little children had also been caught unaware. The teacher's heart seemed almost to stop. This loss had been great but there were still others who needed her guidance. She turned from this sight, relieved to know that she might be allowed to bring happiness for a little while to some children who might never realize freedom. At the same time an American teacher stood with her class pledging allegiance "to the Hag of the United States of America," She would soon start her day's duty of helping these Americans appreciate their free- dom and intelligently understand the positions of their "brothers and sisters" in other parts of the world. A significant movement is being started throughout this country by Dorothy Canfield Fisher that will aid all teachers in helping their pupils be democratic citi- zens. This movement is known as the Children's Cru- sade. Interest in the refugee problem led some Ver- 4 D mont people to care for young German refugee chil dren during the summer months last year that thej might learn American ways of living in New England The effect this had upon the American youth led Mrsl Fisher to her larger idea of the Crusade. Through thij Crusade, every American child may contribute pennief to be used for the aid of innocent children who arf the victims of greed and war. Such contributions will br made only after the teachers have helped the childrer realize the freedom and fortunate opportunities offered to them, and yet denied to boys and girls like them' selves who live in another part of the world. 1 This Crusade offers a wide field for the teacherz XV ill he use this opportunity and go on to devise othe- ways of giving children the freedom which belongs tc them? I To those of you who will graduate this year, am those of you who will graduate in years to come,-i' Y your interest "children"? Decide now how you will train intelligent happy citizens and begin your work Progress? CHARLES GROSS FOR A few fleeting seconds of this day and age I sat and pondered, not weak and weary, but reasonably aware of my insignificant position among these equally insignificant mites called men. Thoughts flashed, ii the meaningless manner which they have of flashing and carried me into the realm of those subjects whielf loom most prominently on the normal mental horizoi of the present day. The "isms" are rearing their uglr heads and ever stretching out to encompass some neva i mass of puzzled, less aggressive individuals. Certaii sectors of this globe have become so densely mobilize: and fortified that less informed persons might evei entertain a half-hidden hope of some sort of isostati: shift of land masses as a form of divine adjustment However, a saner view anticipates no such change. bu-5 merely a rearrangement in the powers that be witl' especial regard for the relation of this movement t-1 our own status in this country. After some thought oi the subject we must eventually arrive at the question Ol whether or not the species as a whole is moving toward TOWER LIGHT5. X 'Y i A higher lever of culture and ultimately a new and im- roved plane of civilization. Obviously, as separate units, ie are not agreed upon the most desirable plane. Here in this country we are amply supplied with Jhools, churches, means of communication and trans- Qqortation, wide recreational opportunities and plenty f natural resources, The same could easily be said of gjiany of todays belligerents. Today's model of each Q, it "I fl 'r K S ll .,-j ,, jr . 'n E. K f fl f the things mentioned is fortunately but a milestone n the road to something better, yet there is repre- ented in every case a product of the labor and ingenuity f man over a period of a few thousand years. The same 4 still true of these contributions of progress among he belliverents. Either we have become too passive v D nd complacent in the acceptance of the advantages of .iris age, or some countries are willfully miseonstruing , . hat which was actually meant to bring men to a closer, llretter understanding. l F VVho is to decide whether we are progressing or not? negative responses as well as a great many thoughtless ones. Since we never even expect a homogeneous rc- action from any group, especially on such a question, it seems wiser to consider a more objective variable, namely, the effect of certain innovations over long periods of time. Even at such an early stage man may review the major events of the past and with a reason- ably acceptable degree of success class them as either decided marks of progress or definite retrogressions, not because they were at the time of their occurrence helpful or harmful but because of their far-reaching effects denoting a greater or less degree of progress. Therefore, our conclusions should not be drawn too quickly, few of us would hesitate to sacrifice our lives in the defense of our own homes, in spite of our pre- viously well-founded ideas of what is or isn't genuine progress. Should we not then exercise a great deal of foresight in any major activity and immunize ourselves against this popular idea of blind acceptance of au- jf fjlertainly the decisions would vary with the individual thority through the use of a little more rational self- und we would be verv likelv to Get both positive and Guidance? r . . D l to ll jj. tl " n Progress jr ' REUBEN NIILLER l THE CHAIR or bench upon which you are sitting hand and similar objects made familiar through pre- jxists only because people such as yourself sit on it. vious experience. Second, a differentiation must be jf we are to find a more beneficial way of sitting, or made between the object and all other objects made if we were to abolish sitting altogether. or if in some familiar through previous experience. These are ac- jther unknown manner, we were generally to cease Using chairs for sitting purposes, the time would be pliiort indeed before they would exist only as relics llf an age gone by. This same obvious truth obtains not I r r ri l. r 1 V l l ii' P 3 f ff s ll july for a chair or a bench, but for a bed, a table, a fook, or radio-in short, anything that is the product if human effort. The history of the race is packed with lividences of culture that are today only representative if something that used to be. Pyramids, for example, ire no longer built, because they no longer serve the human motives that were manifestations of the specific religious, economic, and social conditions of the time Jiuring which they were built. Many other instances night be cited, but the point is too obvious to demand inrtlier exposition. j' Indeed, the idea of the function of an object plays ibn integral role in the very definition of it. Something 0 be defined. must first be recognized, and recognition intails at once two distinct processes of thought. First, in association must be made between the object at .,l.rAY - 1940 coinplished by generalization of all objects of the in- dividuals accumulative environment and are manifested in two ways: the idea of the physical properties and the idea of the functions of the matter. In other words, we never recognize a thing without considering its function as well as its material properties and then associating and differentiating it as far as these two attributes are concerned with objects of previous experience. A chair, as an example, is functionally a scat for one person and materially something with legs and a back, in no definition of "chair" can these two parts be omitted. ln many eases the idea of the function is more integral than the idea of the phyiseal properties because it is not so easily removed from the mind. Re- move the back of a chair, and although its function may remain the same, it is no longer a chair-it becomes a stool. Again, at times, a chair serves very well as something off which one cats-the function of a table. But in such cases, the object is still referred to as "rr chair used as a table." because the function ascribed to 5 it is still that of a scat, thus necessitating the modifying phrase "used as a table" in the designation. The foregoing implies that all material manifestations of present human culture have functions. This is in- deed true, especially when we realize that it is these functions that primarily supplied the original impetus for their institution and are continuously making for their propagation as long as they fthe functionsj re- main intact, ln the final analysis, the entire process is inevitably for the realization of the natural law which calls for satisfaction of living matter, or more specifi- cally. human life. As soon as there is a change in the human drive and in the corresponding function of matter to satisfy this drive, there follows a corresponding change in the form of the matter itself to further compensate that drive. The nature of progress implies first of all some change. As has already been pointed out, this change is the direct result of corresponding changes in the essential motivations of people which work toward increasing satisfaction of human life. Not all change is progress, however, there must be a change for the better in order to satisfy a complete definition of the term. It necessarily follows therefrom that the changes in human drives must themselves be of a higher standard. XVhat is the agency that makes for higher human aspiration? XVhat is the instrument that drives indi- viduals to seek ever more worthy ideals and realities? The one obvious answer appears as broad as the hori- zon: education. It is education that uncovers for one the wealth of acquaintances that he has hitherto not known. It is education that, because it reveals unrealized experiences, makes the individual dissatisfied with the banality and seeming uneventfulness of the present life. lt is education, that, because it makes him restive and impatient, eventually results in the progress neces- sary to satisfy that individual. In defining progress as change for the better, there is at once implied a comparison, and the two parts compared are easily understood when we realize the element of time that must be entailed. For in the evaluation of any progress, the comparison must be made between two well-defined periods in racial or geologic histories. True such evaluation is more fre- quently traced through a series of stations on the track of time, but essentially, such a process must consist of the accumulative comparisons between successive pairs of posts and a subsequent synthesis to make the trip a continuous one. The basis for comparison, however. is not as easily discussed. VVhat is to determine whether or not one thing is better than another? lt is correct to say that 6 a a thing is good to the degree to which it serves it:i purpose. But what is to be the measuring stick or which the goodness of one stage of civilization or om phase of culture can be compared with another? VVha', is to be the ultimate acme of perfection which will se' the goal towards which progress may be said to mov: and which will determine the road it is to take? Astronomy today is a far cry from its early astrologica, beginnings. "Legitimate" music of today is quite arf improvement over its mono-elemental rhythmic origin' And certainly today's art of teaching by far exceed the primitive method of training as far as applicatiori of psychology and philosophy are concerned. All of this present-day endeavor and any of many others tot abundant to specify have reached a more advanc i stage of scientific achievement, but how are we to saf that any one of them is inherently better than its any cestor of one, a hundred, or a thousand generations agoi The answer lies in the functional aspect of humar. culture already expounded. Things are better if thej increase the satisfaction of human life, and, conversely things are not better if they decrease the satisfaction og human life: the degree of progress varies directly a the degree to which it makes for personal happines, In this association there appears a pessimistic point-of' view that is decidedly difiicult to counter satisfactoril It is a point-of-view that is reactionary in scope an materialistic in character. The trend of reasoning i follows is this: If progress increases happiness, it i motivated only by the desire for happiness that is ii, turn inspired by education. Now happiness is the ba, ance that is accomplished between desires and thi satisfaction of those desires, and the less that person de sires, the happier he will be. Don't educate him! Th, fewer will be his desires, the less restive he will becom i the happier he will be. VVhy educate an individual t the modern method of taking a bath? lt will only mak' him want a bathtub, And to the extent that he doesn. get the tub, he will be unhappy. Granted it's n progressive, but if progress is simply the means to thi end of happiness, would not some other means be jus? as desirable? And isn't this other means simpler ti accomplish? Furthermore. doesn't it do away with tha- intermediate stage of unrest, that exists until progree can fulfill its function? Finally, isn't it true that educry tion besides breeding dissatisfaction, breeds more edi cation. which brings about more dissatisfaction, thu' making for a vicious momentum-gathering process that increases in size, rolling downhill like a snowball? ' The difiiculty in coping with such a point-of-view' lies in its pragmatism and is due to the education? principle that the concrete is more easily understooi fCoutinued on Page 27' TOWER LIGHl than the abstract and to the i ! I I l I j LAMENT OF THE NORMAL CHILD i PHYLLIS KICGINLEY !, lFrom The Educational F orum-March, I9-lOl 1. ll was strolling past a schoolhouse when I spied a sobbing I lad: i tHis little faee was sorrowful, "Pal, come tell me why 1 , you weep," I said, "and why you seem so sad." 1And thus the weeping child lisped his tragic tale. i in 9The school Where I go is a modern school I .Witli numerous modern graces, And there they cling to the modern rule 'I li i,Of "Cherish the Problem Cases!" iFrom nine to three I tl develop me, FI-I dance when I feel daney, f.Or everywhere lay on With creaking crayon ,lI'he colors that suit my fancy. ,l,But when the eommoner tasks are done, !iiDeserted, ignored, I stand, ,For the rest have complexes, everyone, z.One hyperacting band. i Oh, how can I ever be reconciled iiI'o my hatefully normal station! li Why eouldn't I be a problem child jEIndowed with a small fixation? l2Why wasn't I trained for a problem child .-IVVith an interesting fixation? il l i. 4 I I dread the sound of the morning bell, il !,The iron has entered my soul. IIIYITI a square little peg who fits too well iiln a square little normal hole. if or seven years iiln Mortimer Sears gqt-Ias the Oedipus angle Hourished, !And Iessamine Gray tiihe cheats at play riBeeause she is undernourished. ,The teachers beam on Frederick Knipe ,With scientific gratitude, ,For Fred, they claim, is a perfect type pf the Antisocial Attitude. find Cuthbert Iones has his temper riled ilin a way professors mention, ,LBut I am a perfectly normal child '50 I dou't get any attention: l'm nothing at all but a normal child 250 I don't get the least attention. EVIAY - 1940 l W A 3 l 'I'he others ieer as they pass me by, They titter without forbearance, "Hes Perfectly Normal" they shrilly ery, "XVith Perfectly Normal Parents." For I learn to read XV ith a normal speed, I answer when I'm commanded, Infected Antrums Don't give me tantrums, I don't even write left handed. I build with blocks when they give me blocks. XVhen it's busy hour, I labor: And I seldom delight in landing socks On the ear of my little neighbor. So here, by luekier lads reviled, I sit on the step alone. XVhy couldnt I be a problem child XV ith a ease to call my own? XV hy wasn't I born a problem child XV ith a complex of my own? C E I. L I N I IAMES G. IETT VVhose delicate works, whose soft and light design Have brought a nations potent genius forth? XV hose modeled thoughts have shown a peop And drawn their right distinction with a line? les' worth The workers work of works becomes a shrine- A thought that had its simple lyric birth Now shows two peoples' common thoughts XVhose lasting fame is this?-Cellini, thine! In shining silver. bronze, and gold are east The statues and the pieces of his art. In minds of men throughout the world is eau The mem'ry and the greatness of his past. Our hope of racial ties shall never part, on earth. ght It lives an ideal in the works that he has wrought. D E A D BIATILDA XVOLPIERT I saw him only yesterday: XVe spoke-and once he smiled. Oh, God, if only I had known His grief. his wild Despairing, hopeless pride. XVho knows . . . Ile might have liyedg Instead-hc died. 7 GORDON F. SHULES ARE NOT all men destined to die? If not on the tield of battle. then in their beds or in the factories wherein they slave? XVe wage a war to save an ideal. But I know. and you know. that we are slaughtered to save a vision. Not a symbol of peace and happinessg but one of money, and wealth. and greed. Not ours is this wealthg but the possession of others who tell us that we go to a glorious death to save Liberty. Men have fought for freedom before and will be asked to tight for freedom again. The ideal is gone but no one took it. It disappeared as ice that stands in the hot sun on a summer afternoon. Long years after. men will light and bleed and die for this freedom. I am like a drop of water that is lost in the Hood that covers the earth. But always the earth rises again. just as it rises now. I will die and no one but you will care. And as the years roll by you too will cease to care and look upon my name with pride written on a granite slab. "He died for Liberty." you'll whisper as all the i others whisper, and that will take the sting from my absence. Yes, I shall die and the symbol and the ideal will flourish: and then the ideal will die, and again men will murder each other to save the symbol and regain the ideal. And again and again this will happe A as it happened before. So be not sorry for me. I can look at the fools and laugh at the hideous jok of slaughter. The fools who seek to kill me are iightin for the same thing as I. so what is the difference whic dominates? Liberty will be the end . . . Liberty and to gain for others. for I shall be dead and cold an' forgotten. I shall not leave my medals for you to remember m by, for the senseless brass will moulder and the ribbons will fade and the token will be forgotten. I leave yo but a kiss. Its meaning will not be obscured by time nor will it ever be forgotten and lie around for sonic small child to find and wear bravely upon his ches Scientific and IAMES P. IN THE realm of physical science our generation is witnessing. whether it knows it or not. the most rapid and outstanding achievement which has taken place in any tield of endeavor since the dawn of civilization. This amazing progress is, I think, the principal feature of the age in which we live. Consider for a moment how the advance of physics and chemistry have revolu- tionized our ways of living and making a living. In comparatively few years science has brought to the door of the poorest citizen the necessities and luxuries which were formerly enjoyed only by the very rich. Or which were not available at all. The railroad. the air- plane. the X-ray. the electric light. the products of synthetic chemistry are all now within reach of every- one. To modern man nothing seems impossible in this era of physical advance, nor does he see any reason why such advance should not be continued. Scientific achievement has progressed with such great speed and iminensity that today it seems to be without limits. Yet at the same time we find that social develop- ment has gone forward at a snail's pace. and that at times it seems to have been at an absolute standstill. On questions of a political. economic. legal. and ethical 8 Social Progress OICONNOR nature man has shown himself to be a colossal blun dererg and through repeated error has found himself ii a muddle of perplexing social difficulties. The curren war will undoubtedly raise many new problems. and i is extremely doubtful whether it will solve any. During the nineteenth century. it is true, there seem to have been considerable social development. such a a rapid rise in the standard of living. the abolition o slavery in America, the more complete establishment 0 nationalism. the diffusion of popular education. and th extension of democratic government. Surprising as i may seem. these evidences of social progress are du chieiiy to the achievements of natural science. For instance. the introduction of power driven m chinery has lowered costs. raised the standard of livin and provided more leisure for millions of workers. The machine has transformed the character of human labo Previous to its introduction most men labored at purel routine drudgery. XVith the coming of machine powe human slavery ceased to be necessary. and those wh direct industry came to realize that the machine opera tor must be literate: he must be able to read and undef stand instructions. The rapid advance of popular educ TOWER LIGH' I symbol. I am comforted, for there is liberty to gain . . ' I I I I I ,I :L I. II I . I I I I I I QI fl I I. I I I I I Il I 'I I If 3. 'I F .on in industrial nations is accounted for more on this :Ore than on any other. And with popular education as come a desire on the part of the masses for greater artieipation in government. It must be admitted, however, that the influence of :ientifie achievement has oft times complicated social roblemsg for example, the airplane and poison gases ave added to the horrors of war, but such complica- ons only amplify the ery for adequate sociological Jlutions. Thus, we see an astonishing contrast between the hysieal sciences and the social studies. ln one field ie flow of progress has been rapid, in the other- uggish and interrupted. VVhy does this amazing situ- :ion exist? The answer to this question lies in the nature of the rigin and the development of the material universe fid the social structure. 'Nature. in constructing the former, has worked in 'ays we call "seientifiel', and there is in the universe 'wholeness and a oneness-an interrelation and an Iiterdependence. It is man's discovery of the unchange- ole laws of this universe which has enabled him to lvance so far materially. On the other hand man built the latter. not scientifically, but in the main hap- hazardly. He often confused a step forward with a step in the right direction. Instead of working towards an ideal, he changed the ideal and called it progress, for- getting that we can never know whether or not we are making progress unless we have a fixed point of reference. I think Dr. Ioseph Mayer struck the keynote of the whole problem when he said: Hlt is as if Nature in the dim distant long ago wrote a book, which we now call the natural sciences, and as if Man very much later began the writing of another book, still unfinished, the book of human society. Mans Book, to be understandable and scien- tific, should follow precisely the lines laid down by NaIture's Book, but it as yet does not. lt has been written largely as a child might write it, without understanding and knowledge, and its various era- sures and additions have occurred chiefly as war or famine or social upheaval has guided the pen. Only as man applies the lessons of the Book of Nature to the thoroughgoing revision of his Book of Society can he hope for intelligent and rapid social progress." Progress for One nl CATHERINE CRAY IIIOBILIZATION HAD come eight months ago IPI Ameriania, Men from twenty to thirty-eight had f sen called. There remained only those over thirty- I Ii ght, under twenty, and those young men with families fm support. Iohn Gallaudet was listed in this last group. IHe and Charles had looked after Mom since they 'ere twelve-sometimes selling papers. shining shoes playing errand boy for everyone in the neighborhood. -ion see Mom had heart trouble. The doctor said she i I I1ouldn't have worked so hard when the boys were Jung. She shouldn't have scrubbed floors and taken gp washing at the same time. But soon she could tend ieaeefully to a little garden as she always had wanted. fer boys found steady work. Then M day. Charles as the oldest-twenty-five. He left for the battlefield lith the first troops. Iohn was left. Charles and Iohn Iere different somehow. Charles read newspapers avidly Rad believed every word he read. He would have liked ,II have used his two strong brown hands on that little iflexander the Great and wrung every breath from his I Indy. john rarely read the newspapers. He was much IIAY - 1940 like his mother-small, pale and bespectacled. He read authoritative books a great deal. trying to decipher human nature, trying to understand it. hln time the little man's subjects were bound to revolt. No peaceful, intelligent country could long endure the enslavernent of their neighbors." Iohn could build a whole evenings conversation around these statements. Besides. he would tell you that it was none of his business. He felt that he didn't really know what the war was about or why his country was involved. It hadn't been attacked, no more ships were sunk by one side than by the other. For another thing, he didn't even like to see moving pictures of people being killed. He wasn't a coward, he was just different. So it was that Iohn stayed at home to work for Mom while Charles went to battle. Charles' story was at the other extreme. XVounded. and fighting under the severcst. nerve-wracking shell- fire, he led his regiment to a victory. Ile won a cross of honor and his name became a password for courage. He recognized the enemy and killed him whenever possible. He wasn't blood-thirstyg he was a good soldier. 9 At home john worked like fury. Always he studied in spare moments. He advanced in business to the position of senior clerk of the company. The golden opportunity of becoming manager loomed close. Here there was no killing. How he hated even the suggestion. Even though his company manufactured blades, he made sure that he didn't see the long. thin, shining pieces gleaming with anticipation. At home he was happy, too, His mother loved Charles, but john was the baby. They understood one another so well that no words were necessary. But john had a battle to tight, too. He fought it every morning, every lunchtime, every evening. He knew what people thought when they saw him on the street in civilian clothes. It wasn't easy to look at the fathers and mothers of sons who had gone "over there." It was hard to keep on walking when accusing eyes bored through his back, Once he felt like turning and screaming to the whole stupid, unfeeling lot of them, A'Wlio are you to stare at me? VVhat have I done? ls it a sin for me to keep my mother alive?" He never did. The hour that the little gold star had been placed in Mom's window, Mom had a heart attack. Expensive doctors were necessary and nurses, too. john worked harder, hoped that THEY would be satisfied with his brother's sacrifice and leave him alone. One day the whole matter was settled for him. A large white en- velope came announcing the fact that he was wanted at the war office. He had been drafted. His was the next class called-men with families. Little silver and black specks circled before his eyes. His heart con- tracted. He gasped. What about Mom? The letter said some money would be provided. He laughed, shrilly, hysterically. Some money! A country, already pinched by war, handing money to old women who couldn't raise a hand in defense of that country. And he-he couldn't Ere a gun. Even at the fairs. he jumped when Charles laughingly shot white tin ducks at the shooting galleries. And the long, shining bayonet he had seen on the posters. he couldn't plunge one of those into . . . Hjohn. dear. Come. Breakfast is waiting. You musn't be late." "Yes, mother. Comingf' "VVhat did the mailman want, dear?" The tiny woman buttered a piece of toast and placed it at john's plate. john had answered that question mentally. So many were called. Maybe he'd be forgotten. He smiled and gave some simple explanation. But governments don't forget-especially in time of war. One warm golden day john came home to mother with four soldiers-military police. His mother sat star- 10 l ing at the little gold star in the window. The four mer moved quickly to surround him. Their purpose was clear. "But john is my only son-now." The men were im mune to this. y "He can't use a gun." She continued to stare at thi star. john stared at the bayonets. "He doesn't like to harm people," was the last plea The men shouldered their rifles and two of the swung john around to leave the room, The paralyzing moment passed. The boy saw suddenly that he mus live the nightmare he had feared. He broke from the and ran to bury his face in his mother's lap. He crie and squeezed her hands, holding fast as though sh could save him. After a few minutes, he realized tha of solace, ha- his mother had offered no soft words y not smoothed his hair as had been her wont when hi up slowly ani came to her with trouble. He looked then very quietly rose. Soon he left the room with th police. john was spared from the tiring squad and sent ti the front, perhaps because of the circumstances,-hi' mother's death. Her heart failure could have beei caused by only one thing-possibly a second gold sta that only she could see. Wfhat john felt is not for u to imagine. THEY had taken his brother. THEY har taken his security. THEY had robbed him of a careei THEY had killed his mother. A pale nervous youtl became paler, ill-tempered, bitter and rebellious agains all the command that he held responsible. A drunken word from him caused fifty deaths and th loss of a strategic position. Drunken? Or quite sober Communication with the back lines was severed bi a clumsy soldiers misstep. Qjohn's.j Clumsy? Possibly His companions hated his regressive, sullen silence, hi half-hidden sneers. Volunteers. for the most part, the' had no use for a forced draft soldier and he had ng use for the Usaintly. hyprocritical, medal-worshipinl bunch". He knew that they saw him hang back whey an advance was ordered. He knew that they had ye to see him tire accurately or use a bayonet advar tageously. They were glad when he deserted. They cursed him when they heard he had joined the enemy They screamed for his blood when an advance wa thwarted because of information he had carried wit. him. They yelled with glee when a patrol surroundei an enemy squad and shot a particular one in the bac as he ran for shelter. As he lay on the field, john felt no regret for wha he had done, He had had his revenge and now it wa all over. There'd be no presidency of the blade corr pany for him. There'd be no tContinued on Page Z0 TOWER LIGHf l ll I-low Well Do You Know Maryland? !1ARYLAND S population of 1 600,000 in the 1930 ensus listed 660 000 or approximately one-third as ural Economically farming ranks second to manu- icturing employing about 85 000 people. I Generally speaking farming 1S diversified, indicated y the fact that with the exception of tobacco, prac- 1cally every important crop and every type of livestock nd poultry is produced to a greater or less extent in very county in the state Of the average 590,000,000 alue of farm products sold traded, or used by the perators families general farming accounts for 522,- 00 000 This figure can be compared with the following istribution of the types of farming carried on in Mary- ind in order of their y alue General Frrmm 523,000,000 Dairyin 22,000,000 Crop spcciilty 11,000,000 Truck 10,000,000 Poultry 6,000,000 Cish ram 6,000,000 Abnormil 5,000,000 Fruit 3,000,000 Xmmrl specirltx 2,000,000 Sclf sufHcin 2,000,000 Such terms as dairy ing truck poultry and fruit are IOHN CHILCOAT self-explanatory. Cash grain refers to corn, wheat, oats, barley, rye, and buckwheat - those grains that are threshed and sold immediately rather than those fed to animals whose by-products yield the profits. Crop specialty refers to tobacco, white potatoes, and sweet potatoes, animal specialty to beef cattle, sheep, hogs, and their by-products-those animals that are not kept particularly for their offspring, but instead are sold for their meat and slaughtered by-products. Abnormal refers to institutions, horse farms, forest products, etc., self-suflicing to farms where fifty percent or more of the products are used by the operator's family. General farms are those where the products from any one source are less than forty percent of the whole while the special types are farms where the products from any one source exceeds forty percent of the total. The agricultural picture of Maryland looks simple, but it is a mass of intricate problems that require solu- tions or certainly considerable improvements obtainable only by a greater educational system and a more thorough understanding and greater cooperation be- tween producer and consumer. Illhe and PlI.l1lSlI.l11el1lI BY rnnun 1. Prologue 1 HAD spent the evening engrossed in some harsh ,ut thought-provoking poems by Archibald 1V1acLeish. low the only thing 1 had ever learned from MacLeish ras how to Write poetry , and 1 prided myself some- fhat in having been able to reproduce the MacLeish fliom in personal yerse efforts. 1 repeat: 1 had spent the yening reading Maclueish' and as 1 am every evening ompelled to do betook myself to bed at 11 o'clock. lear of conscience, though a little drilled in visual apacities. Once under protection of a pair of woolen lankets little time elapsed before 1 was asleep: as Jundly as that prox erbial log which makes its way only y having dozing humans compared to it. 11. The Dream , Needless to say, my activity the rest of the night 1rAY - 1940 i 1 y l . 7 .1 7 A' 3 ' ,v 1: ' 1 . . 1 y .b . 7 . . , . , . . D, 1- I r A l' ' .5 U 11 , ' 7 , ' 1. '. '. . 1 J za A 11 ' ' : l . 2 ' g ...... ,... 1 g .,,....,, .. ' 'xiiif' W I 1 g ,' . . 1 +'.,c..ff.. I , 1" ' 2 I 'z ,' .....,.,, ...... QV " - g ..,..,............. 1 . , - . 1 , , , i ll 1 1 I 1 l o ' an 3, I 1 1 7 U 1 .. ,. 11 1, 1 , 1 1 1 ' ro 1 i 1 , J A - D 1 e 1' , , ., , 11 4 an 41 1 1 HARRY M. LONDON was not conscious. 1 had a dream, 1 did not experience the horridness of the night's affairs. 1 only witnessed them with the objectivity of a diagnosing doctor, with- out the diagnosis. My sleep began in a park: on a park bench, newly- painted green for the spring and the birds and the spring-fever-ridden men who percnnially turn to park benches for small-time salvation. 1 was on the bench, and here. too, 1 was sleeping . . . quite soundly. Under the bench was a very nebulous hound, whose nebulosity prevented my identifying it as to species. And behind me and the bench. a tree: thick-trunkcd. heayy-in- foliageg offering all the shade of thc African tree: but it was night, and my sleeping self had all the shade it needed. Passed five minutes of a thus far static dream, and an almost bald-headed man ncarcd the bench. The dog told me so, and because of his barking. 1 awakened. ll By the look on the gentleman's facc. I was to have been rudely startled out of park-bench sleep within the time it would have taken for him to pick up a rock and pitch it in my direction. And I could see that this gentleman was. from all facial appearances, Mr. MacLeish himself, whose picture I had seen in magazines. Now lXIacLeish is not a brutal man, though he has evinced some left-wing tendencies, and I saw now that, since I was already awake, he was discarding the rock, happily, not for better weapons. He seated himself on the bench next to me, kicking the dog away, but the Elthy little animal took up his place under the next bench. some thirty-tive feet away, realizing, perhaps, that I was in for a disastrous evening. MacLeish began to speak. But his hand was in his pocket. tense, much as one sees in the cinema. and I was not a good example of steady nerves .at the time. "I understand you've been imitating my style in recent months, hlr. ----- ," he opened. "And I want to know why!" He waited for a few moments, and got no answer, for Mr. -it was unusually in- articulate QI wasl, and the poet was moved to action instead of weak. oft-mistaken words. He Masked" me to come with him. His voice was gentle, and his manner calm, but his hand was still in his pocket. I could not refuse the dog-kicker. and so I proceeded to march wheresoever Nlaclseish decided he might do a better job of . . . well, shall we say i- revenge for plagiarism? Yes. Because then, in efforts to rationalize this dastardly act. I lit on the mildest of my offenses, aiming to show the world, later, if I were ever to come out of this night's trouble alive, for what "heinous crime" I had been punished. My end was not nearly so rapid as I had expected. I was seated uneeremoniously in a clean-looking, shin- ing-by-lamplight automobile. but at this junction I was blindfolded with a clean white handkerchief, and without any word at all, the car started. and I was being taken to . . . God and MacLeish knew where. XVe must have gone about on wheels for hours on end. and still I felt MacLeish neither tiring, nor resolv- ing fhe spoke nothingl to end up anywhere in particu- lar. I hoped then it wouldn't be the bottom of the lake. but the lake, I thought, might be better than . . . And still he stopped not. I linally mustered up suf- ficient nerve to ask him as to where the honorable poet and librarian was taking me for, if he preferred. where the honorable poet was goingl and when we would get there. To this he replied with harslmess that re- minded me of the booted dog's aching rib: "Shut up!" I trusted, since he valued his own life. that both his hands were where they belonged, that his gun I ffl was 12 no longer in a ready position to harm me were I to . . . But I was blindfolded. After "six years" of riding about he stopped the car, and. alighting. I was asked to march rapidly ahead.. I obeyed, ending the brief trek at the door of a house.. flt must have been a house, still, I was unable to See and it might not have been a house!j A "How are you, jimmy?" lNIacLeish asked the fellow' who had opened the door. But it wasn't a fellow. Itl was a girl. whose voice. I judged, belonged to a young lady about seventeen years of age. small, yet domineer- ingly large: thin. yet outstandingly plump. Perhaps my ears were deceptive tonight. Iimmy answered she was quite all right. and who was this nice-looking person Archibald had brought to the house CI had guessed correctlyj and wouldn't we both come in and have a cup or two of tea with her. I YVe came in. Maclseish and I. and the poet was gracious enough to permit me to take the blindfold off. whereupon I set eyes on a most beautiful creature: quite short. thin. but well-built, very dark-haired, and I shivered through and through when she said, 'AHOW are you today?" A moment later when she asked me whether or not I knew why Archibald had brought me to the confounded house lwheri I laid eyes on her it was already a blessed housej I almost fainted dead away for the passing thrill she sent vibrating through me. "Shake hands with the young lady, fellow!" Mr. MacLeish suggested. And so I did. But the squeeze she set on my right hand was something unbearableg her strength belied her "femininity" I winced in paing but the light was coming to terms with my eyes, and the nature of her face and her body allayed most all the pain I felt while she "held" my hand. I winced' under this pain for a half-hour while MacLeisli launched a tirade against what he called "adolescents usurping the pens and the glory of matured poets." I granted him all he said. and the truth thereof: yet I couldr1'ty keep my mind on him and on what he said. My thoughts were centered on the young thing that had a vise-like grip on my right hand. But MacLeish said, "If you promise me to stop writing in my style, I will tell Iimmy to let go your hand. because it hurtsg I know." To this bargain I agreed. though I felt I was getting a raw deal, for the grip, though not relaxing, was be- coming bearable. Yet I wanted to get away from the patent hellislmess of the whole scene. and the night, wherein I had been torn away from a relatively peace- ful. quieting sleep on a park bench. Iimmy let loose her grip. for which I pined a moment or two. Then. MacLeish advanced toward me. gently asked jimmy to step aside. CContinued on Page 28l TOWER LIGHT iiisiorsirriiairasirss l i i i i . S I-I ' X l i i. A ' Y X ,i -v' l ' 4 ' ll V --- il N" if un if S .5 N i s stu li ' -f if K I , i fl 'Do not ask if a man has been through college- n , , , !ilAsk if a colleve has been throuvh himf -CSIIAPEN. I D D P l Silence, Please ? PHYLLIS XVALTER iHERE lS no place in State Teachers College jhich is safe from noisy students. Even the library, Qhere silence is required, is filled with bustling, scrapf giggling, and buzzing voices, The halls, 'where ilking is permitted, are filled with the banging of ickers, stamping of feet, and the shrieks, screams, lzaring laughter, and raucous voices of boys and girls. iiould it be that these future schoolftcachers, through tiintact with small children, are trying to imitate their iture pupils? Or can it be possible that our students ive unfortunately never grown out of this stage? lf yis latter be true, then certainly the system employed i the elementary schools for keeping the school rea- :lnably quiet should be applied to the State Teachers lollegc group. All the students should enter the school 1 9:00 A. N. and leave it at 3:30 P. Xl., thus avoiding ie noise created by students in the halls during the ist and last classes of the dayg cloakrooms should be lovided to replace the lockers and the noise that ' ey makeg study periods should be eliminated to keep Vidents out of the halls during class sessionsg and young achers should have to participate in gym activities i i' E l AY - 1940 without changing their clothes, thus preventing the commotion caused by humans running through the halls from the gymnasium to the showers. Certainly, the accompanying reasons for elimination of the privi- leges of students is obvious. 'l'herc would be no days in which classes would begin late or end early, no study periods for library work or relaxation, no individual storage space, and no refreshing showers after gym. YVake up, students! Look at the advantages you possess! YV ill you throw them all away, or will you work hard to raise your ethical standards so that you may make college life pleasant for yourselves and for your fellow-students? Prove that State Teachers College is worthy of being called a A'Collegc"! STABLE OR EXPANDING Achvlhes IKICHARD CUNNINGHAM INTELLIGENTLY guided activity is conceded to be basic to all true learning situations, whether the process be with teachers, college students, elementary school children, adults, or with infants. This underlying principle deservedly permeates our curricular and extra-curricular program here at Towson. and gives our student council, our clubs, our classes. and our athletics their chief excuse for being. lf such a program is worthwhile, and there is little controversy on this point. its pursuance calls for the most effective participation of which the student body is capable, both personally and hnancially. Our major activities depend, ultimately. for their financial existence, on the activities fees which each student pays on registration day in the fall. As a matter of common knowledge, these fees include the fifty- cent Student Council fee, the dollar Class fee. the dollar and a half Towisa Lrcrrr subscription. the two and a half dollar Athletic Association membership, and the fifty-cent Culture Fund fee. ln all, the total amounts to six dollars per year. 'lhc question is, do our fees adequately meet the requirements of our activities, or are they exorbitant or insufhcicnt? Most of us will grant that the fees could hardly be smaller than they are without seriously impeding the general student program. Of course there are a few who, because of some ill-founded aversion to a particuf lar item treated in the fee. declare that the total sum might be reduced. The general opinion seems to be that the fees are all too slim for the needs. Several organizations which receive a definite allotment through the Student .Xe tivities allocation have felt that their programs. and the 13 resultant values of these programs to the students, have been decidedly curtailed by the comparative lean- ness of their appropriations in the light of the results expected of them. For some time these organizations, the Athletic Association and the 'TOXVER LIGHT, have vainly striven to get along on what they receive from the fees plus the small income derived from holding dances and from soliciting the support of the classes or the student body. Futhermore, the small proportion of the fees allotted to the Student Council seems meagre if the Student Council is really to function as the most important student group in the school. The inherent possibilities of a student council with greater reserves upon which to draw cannot be realized under the present set-up. Athletic programs. both of a phy- sical and a recreational type, dances, student dramatics, series of cultural assemblies-all of these might be handled much more effectively by the Student Council were its income larger. Finally, the activity fees make no provision for a school yearbook. If the majority of the students are in favor of a college yearbook, it cer- tainly must be financed at least partially from the ac- tivities fees paid by every student. And if it is to be a success, it must be a college project previously provided for financially. Vtfitness the disheartening failure of the present Senior Class in trying to raise enough funds, at the last minute, and without the whole-hearted back- ing of the entire student body, to finance a yearbook. It may be asked how other teachers colleges compare with ours as to fees. Scant knowledge does not permit me to make a broad generalization, but discussion at the Eastern States Association of Professional Schools for Teachers seemed to indicate that few institutions of an enrollment similar to ours could admit of such ridiculously low fees. Kutztown, Pennsylvania, with an enrollment of 470 students has a fee of S2250 a yearg East Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania. with 530 students has a fee of S2150 a yearg Edinboro, Pa.. with 400 students, S20 a yearg Fitchburg, Mass.. about S16 a year: North Adams. Mass.. S10 a yearg Frostburg, Md . S10 a year. The general range was from S10 to S2250. Many of the institutions definitely provided for their yearbooks in the fee. Frostburg provides that S2 of the S10 be set aside for the yearbook. North Adams designates S600 of its total S1430 to its yearbook fund. East Stroudsburg takes care of its yearbook problem by a general fee of S150 which is included in the activities fee and an additional toll levied on each member of the Senior Class amounting to S2.00. Are you one of those who feel that a teacher's edu- cation derives little value from activities sponsored by the cntire student body. or do you favor a more significant program not curtailed by an obvious lack of 14 funds? If you are of the first group. you will swear that these ideas constitute a betrayal of the student bodyg if of the second, you will give the ideas presented some thought. My personal conviction is that the present fees are inadequate. VVhat is yours? A DEBT BIATILDA XVOLPERT I never saw the setting sun, Its lovely colors one by one, Diffusing when the day is done, Until the summer 'thirty-one. I never saw the naked trees Stretched out against the sky like Nor saw the steepled horizon Until the summer 'thirtv-one. AL!!! vs, Oh, I'll remember 'thirty-one Until my days on earth are done, For round about my part of town, A row of houses was knocked down. PREFACE TO SPRING BIARGARET B, Owrxcs I love the sound of wind As it roars through the trees. I love the eerie whistle As it sweeps about the eaves. I love the graceful sway Of the branches as they dance. I love the swirling dust As it wisps by in a glance. I love to see the grass All bent and silver green. I love to feel the freshness As it sweeps the earth so clean. I love the clear cold feeling As it pushes 'gainst my face. I love my hair all tangled As it's tousled out of place. l love the way of wind As it drives the pouring rain. I love the scent of sweetness As it brings new life again. TOWER LIGH1 3 Do We Know hildren? LEON L. LERNER F W E keep an eye on where we, as potential teachers, ire going and what we intend doing, then we may surely wpeet to arrive at our destination more quickly. It f important, therefore, that we, in our four years of allege life, never allow ourselves to forget the children E'ith whom we shall associate. After all, we are spending I i Jur years studying children in order that we may spend ire next forty, or so, in living with them. Our object children. VVhat can help us know them better? 5 We can better know children by spending as much time as possible with them. Such a course of action hill aid in gaining insight into the ways of boys and irls, into their habits, their abilities, their likes and lfslikesg it will lead to discovering how to be a friend J them, how to gain and hold their respect. Certainly, Er Il one of the most serious charges that can be brought against a teacher is that she has lost contact with chil- dren, that she has stumbled away from the living things that children are and has buried herself in an assorted collection of books and theories and principles. The more time we spend away from children, the more prone we are to forget our duties towards them and our relations with them. Pestalozzi remarks in a letter to a friend, "I myself learned with the children. Our whole system was so simple and so natural that I should have had difficulty in finding a master who would not have thought it undignified to learn and teach as I was doing." It is apparent that living with children will mean learning both with them and about them. . Lots of Luck or DON'T LET IT GET YOU DOWN HELEN PICEK B AND THEN it came to pass. on the eighth day, lie set out for her practice center." She had seen her iassmates leave for theirs. nine weeks previously. She ad seen them return strong. determined in spirit, but naller of rank. They were all wishing her luck-those who had been ad those who had not been-just as tho' she were :Jing away never to return. She felt a lump rise in her iroat as she purchased a penny pretzel stick. They ad even taken away her locker key. She now did not wn a locker. Strange, that after three years she should licldenly feel such an affection for the old place. It stood magnificently on the hill with its tower early buried in the clouds. she noticed as she threw fleeting glance over her shoulder. Even this glance emed to bear finality. Someone was waving to her, iLots of Luck"-"Lots of Luck," she needed it-now ' Today she had taken her last math test. No. no :gretsg but she would miss math. Yet she would be :aching arithmetic in the school where she was going! Ah, there was still one more obligation! She had to IAY - 1940 i l nat she was going away. .i Q ll il i i is I q , x write a VTOXVER LIGHT article. On what? Student Teach- ing? XVhy not? She began: Did you know that: l. A certain bass fiddler supplied her class with rubber pencils on April the first? 2. Mac of the "So VVhat" slipped the following to his fifth grade: "All right, Lou, Know what to do?" 3. Nelson of the clarinet taught his class one of his own compositions? 4. Ifs seventh grade is catching on? "The next word is tmistf-XYhat's the matter, Iohnny?" Pupil: "Sorry, Nr. Iett. I 'mist' that one." S. A shy brown-eyed lass told her class to put their papers on the Hoor in front of Mr. Flowers. Imagine? Here endcth chapter I of the tale of that great ada venture. 15 The Red and The White jams G. jm- THE COLORS made from light and atoms are various. Red. to the scientist. is the reflection of light rays of a certain length, XVhite. scientifically. is a stimu- lus resulting from many reflected light rays. In respect to S. T. C. journalism. however. red and white now mean one thing: The First Annual 'TOXVER LIGHT Din- ner. held on the evening of Tuesday the second of April. this year of our existence. I9-IO. Such was the color scheme. carried even into the menu. XX-Ie had beets and potatoes-and steak. XVhat the steak was for. I don't know . . , to eat, I guess. The flames of the red candles lighted the tables with the white cover- ings. And. as Dr. AViedefeld noted. even Miss Munn repeated the color scheme with "a smiling pink face beneath snowy white hair." Sympathy and disappointment merged when we dis- covered that our speaker. Mr. R. P. Harriss, had sud- denly become ill and was unable to appear. His wife. an honor graduate and former staff-member, appeared for him. She had obtained Captain XYise. a member of Baltimore City College's English department. to come as an almost extemporaneous speaker. After dinner we all retired to Richmond Hall Social Parlor where Sydney Baker lent more color tof a dif- ferent material nature jj to the evening affair. Our minds were soothed with his violin selection. The more technical business of the evening was dealt with by Captain YYise. He spoke chiefly of the effect of language use and propaganda in connectio with the press. People are too often misled. he said? because they cannot analyze words and ideas. Captain XVise believes that a basis of fundamentals i- needed in life. just what fundamental he meant he di not sayg therefore. I presume he was speaking of funda- mentals in spelling. grammar. and arithmetic-or th "tool" subjects of the school curricula. Yet in order t connect this statement with his previous ones. he must also have meant science and history, for how could we analyze to get the right meaning had we no such basis? . - Getting a little more technical in regard to jour- nalism. the speaker told of some tricks in writing such as figures of speech. using effective words, and juggling words and phrases about to make the sentences more interesting. An instance to demonstrate his point was taken from the book of perfect literary style. the Bible. Captain XVise was helpful to us in many ways-of fering suggestions as to form and content of a publica- tion and also in attempting to analyze our difficulties. Glee Club--Past and Present IOSEPH HILLYARD XYOU LD YOU like to take a peek into the annals of our Clee Club? We find Miss XVeyforth taking over the directorship of the C-lee Club in 1928. The membership at that time was slightly more than half of its present enrollment. consisting of sixty-Eve girls' voices. We first have record of the men entering the Cslee Club during the school year 1929-30. Since then the Clee Club has grown in size and in quality of performance. The total membership is now one hundred fifteen and Miss XYeyforth is seeking to keep the mem- bership within this number. l93T was an outstanding year in C-lee Club history. as it was the year in which ninety academic gowns were bought and given to the C-lee Club for use on formal occasions. Different alumni groups contributed toward thc purchase price. and the Clec Club itself 16 gave a considerable sum, the money having been earned at public performances. The Clee Club firs appeared in the gowns at a Maryland State Teacher Association meeting at the Polytechnic in October. l93-. The evening was a high spot in both appearanc and performance. Since l92S four hundred persons have been mem- bers of the C-lee Club. About seventy members of this Alumni Group hold weekly rehearsals at the college. They will take part in the Alumni Day program. jun S. at which time the memorial windows to Dr. Tall will be unveiled. They will take part next year in th celebration of Towson's seventy-fifth anniversary. In addition to the various numbers sung separately by the Almnni group and the Clee Club. the combined chorus of one hundred and fifty voices will sing. TOWER LIGHT ll Q. 1 y. lg ji ll li U J i 3 i Orchestra Personnel lhl.-XRY REINDOLLAR NEARLY EVERY morning before nine we are greeted by evidences that the brass section is at work. The usual remark, if you notice, as one anroaches . l l the music room is, "They're at it again." Yes. theyfre at it again, but do you realize what they accomplish by working at it again and again? To use the theme of the junior class issue of the T owen Lrerrr. they show definite signs of "progress," real progress. Did you know that both Norman XVilde and Richard Cunningham have learned to play their instruments since attending Zollege? Any brass instrument. to be played well. ref quires study, but not over so long a period of time as stringed instruments. The brass section in our orchestra includes: three trumpet players. Norman XYilde. Richard Cunningham. and David Shcpherdg and two trombone players. Bill Kahn and Lou Henderson. There is an important part for each instrument. The trumpets lend volume and brilliancy in addition to majestic qualities. while the melodic tromboncs give solidity of bass and nobility of tone. i So the progress made in the early morning rehearsals is really progress toward a worthwhile cause. 50-P Clllllll-Ugfldlil Wilde Sliepfmrn' Hc11dc1'.fo11 Kuhn SYVINC MUSIC is on the way out. The jitterbugs if a year ago are now requesting waltzes of Americas eading dance maestros instead of A'Flatfoot Floogief' The swing maniacs who have been spreading nerv- Jus breakdowns for several years now-via African tomf om drums. shrill clarinets. and torrid trumpets-are due or a letdown unless they change their ways. Notes no longer will be unheeded dots on paper, and he non-exhibitionists, who prefer the Viennese waltz to he 'Suzy-Q," are due for a comeback. All of these ipinions were gleaned from an authentic interview with rhe well-known orchestra leader, XV ill Osborne. Osborne organized his orchestra at the ending of the l azz-era and soared to fame with the advent of sweet nusic bands. At the time of the debut of the American irooners, XVill Osborne and Rudy Vallee became rivals because each claimed to be the first crooncr. Now Dsbornc's orchestra plays "slide music." an effect reated by three tromboncs sliding from one note to nother. which is so different it is the only musical ffect known to be patented by the govermnent. Concerning the passing of swing. says Maestro Usborne: j 'Swing music has reached its pinnacle. Not long ago ' I played a waltz. the younger set would walk off the 'IAY - 1940 , I Q i I il . ,. I l 1 j. E i i , i . 1 l i I .4 i' Q25 . .1 i l l Tj Swing Finale B. E. TRIBULL QBased on an interview with Wfill Osbornej Hoor. Now they ask for waltzes. Like ragtime and jazz before it. swing was bound to fade-out sooner or later for another style. But the death of swing has been hastened by too much publicity. Today. every one knows the technique, the style. and the identifications of the bands as well as we do. They know who plays the trumpet for this orchestra and the drums for another. A few pioneers in a new field of music. prob- ably sweet again, are the only things needed now to sound the death note." T I M E Imoxrn KCILKIZR Time. Oh why must you pass so fast? Can you not wait for just a while For one who doesn't like a change? Oh why are you going away? Time. where are you going so fast? Have you no regard for me today? Time. why don't yon stop your onward rush For men to cease their wearing life. For all to pause and rest and think? 17 i H efllDllDllR.Glllief QQ sv' IEROLIE KOLKER The reach for serves, the sizzling ace, The starter's gun, the hard, fast pace, The whip of arms, the batters' raps, The Swish of clubs, fthose blasted trapsj, The stretch of bows, the arrows' hum All these are signs that Spring has come. YES, SPRING has come, and our attention turns toward our vernal sports' program. Baseball, track, teimis, and archery . . . each demands its place in our newly enlarged program. This year's baseball team threatens to steal the show, for Coach Minnegan po- tentially has a good team. By that I mean a team good enough to upset any other in the Maryland Collegiate League. Armed with a trio of good pitchers QCox, Dorn, and Clopperj and an experienced 'Lmurderer's row" Qlaauenstein, Dorn, Cernik, and Coxj, the team should be heard of with glowing reports. Finding a keystone combination fthat is, a shortstop and a second baseman who are capable of playing to- getherl has been one of Coach Minnegan's early season problemsg however, with Dorn at shortstop and Horst at second base, this problem has been solved. Do not be surprised to see some snappy double plays with the ball zipping from Dorn to Horst to Lauenstein. or from Horst to Dorn to Lauenstein, or from Lauenstein to -------- you get the idea. Someone might question my optimism in regard to the team, pointing out that our team's progress to date has not been a too pleasing one. There are many reasons for this, and they are NOT alibis. Coach Minnegan has been shifting players. changing the batting order, trying out rookie pitchers, giving all a chance, in short, trying to find his best combination for the competition which will shortly follow. The team look good, their chances for a successful season are also good. They will do their best to win. You do your part by coming out and cheering them on. Because the Towinz LIGHT is a monthly magazine, it is virtually impossible to give to the reader news which they have not heard before. By the time the May issue is distributed. the results of what has happened at the Penn Relays will be known to all, while at this time I am only able to tell who have been selected to make 18 the trip to Philadelphia. Bob Cox, Lou Cox, Charles' C-uertler, Henry Astrin, Ed Weiner and Ierry Kolkerr have been chosen. Ot the group, Guertler, Astrin, andl Weiner fall Sophomoresj are newcomers to the squad.f VV ith two more years after the present one in which to ' run, these men along with Bob Cox-who has one more season after the present one-should form a team most 1 worthy of representing our College. For all who are interested, a complete description of how the men fared at the Penn Relays will be found in the june issue. Our tennis team has truly been ua victim of circum-V stances". Not once to date have weather conditions! and court conditions been favorable for play. Arrange- ments in scheduling have been made so that the court-, men can travel with the baseball team to the variousl colleges. Of course the schedule will not be as large. as the one for baseball, but still it will allow the men to have more competition. This is the second year that State Teachers College, has considered tennis as a major sport, and while our team will not be the best in the State, much improve- ment is expected over last year's showing. Sol Snyder,j Iimmy O'Connor, and Howard Stottlemyer are the. returning veterans who will form the nucleus of this year's squad. Any predictions at this time as to theQ team's success for this season could only be a guess, and the writer does not wish to venture. Nevertheless, at this? time, we can at least pray for the men to have condi-I tions suitable for play. 6 ..- V For the past three years, perhaps more, there hasf been an argument raging at our College over the fol- lowing question: 1 ls thinking necessary in sports? . One faction claims that thinking is not necessary in 'I playing games. for the players perform the skills me-5 chanically without thinking. The other group believes, that thinking in sports is essential. The adherents off this latter group think it is necessary because of the, many different situations arising at split second intervalsy which demand instantaneous thinking. The writer is, not going to Skly with which group he is sympathetiC,f but instead is merely going to relate a brief anecdote. TOWER LIGHT iif an incident which occurred last season when our ipnaseball team was playing Salisbury Teachers College liit Salisbury. Let us see what light it throws upon the question. v i V With Towson leading S to 0 in the eighth inning, the iigame looked "in the bag". Salisbury had a runner on i, hird base, but just the same, there were two outs. Sam Ilopper, our pitcher, was breezing along having al- iflowed only a pair of hits. Charley Rembold, our catcher, fiivas handling Clopper well, Everything was serene. V his stretch and hurled the ball toward the plate. The pitch was wide and called a ball. Suddenly, someone from the Salisbury bench yelled, A'Let me see that ball", and held his hands out appropriately. Rembold, without thinking, threw the ball. Quick as a flash the runner on third base darted home to score Salisbury's lone run, ruining a shutout for our pitcher. This incident has not been elucidated for the pur- pose of punishing Charley Reinhold, in fact, it is being published with his permission. It is merely an attempt il1Note: The psychological conditions were as nearly to furnish evidence which might help to settle this llzontrolled as possible at a ball game.j Clopper took prolonged feud. if l gl The Dawn of Our National Sport it LILLIAN CONNALLY fi "BATTER-UP!" calls the ump and another game .tif baseball is under way. The packed, shouting crowd orobably have never realized how old the national game eally is. Baseball is a truly primitive game presented in a modern form. It is interesting to note the various addi- ions and subtractions of different centuries which to- laled have given us the sum of present day baseball. rom early records, we find that the game was a ' avored form of ancient recreation. Frequent references vere made to it by Greek and Roman writers. From a museum in Great Britain comes another proof of its Jeing an early game-a ball, thirty centuries old, used in he Nile Valley, appearing as the wretched forebearer if the modern baseball. Since these primitive days, nankind has learned much about the artifiee of the grand sport. l In the early l9th century, American youth of the Eastern States played a game called English "rounders" played, but was found to furnish considerable excite- ment. A stout paddle with a blade and dressed handle ierved as the bat, while the ball was apt to be composed if a bullet, piece of cork, or a metal slug wound tightly ivith yarn and stitched on the surface. Many other rames developed from Uroundersn. , Barn ball was the next game to appear. Two boys iartieipated-as batter and pitcher. The bat was a stick ir an old axe handle. One boy pitched the ball against he barn for the other to hit, upon its return. If the matter missed the ball, he was forced to surrender the mat to the pitcher. lf, however, he struck it, he tried to core by running to and touching the barn and re- urning to his former position before the pitcher could eeover the ball. Hence from barn ball came the funda- VIAY - 1940 in if l F Af " l i i i pr town ball. This was neither planned nor skillfully l i i s f' I 1 1 i . ii xl F 4 mentals of baseball: the pitcher, batter, base hit, and run. Later came the games of the 'fold-cat stage"-"one old-cat," "two-old-eat," 'Athree-old-cat," and 'tfour-old cat." More players and bases were added in each of these games. On the square Held of "four-old-cat," one of the most important developments in baseball took place, the system of competition was introduced to make the game more exciting and interesting. 'The players were divided into two groups which competed against each other, The team at bat scored runs until each player was put out in turn, then they yielded to the opposing side. The team with the highest score naturally was the victor. Now that competition held full sway with both fans and players, clubs automatically began to develop. The first known club of the national game in this country was the Knickerbocker Club of New York. An iinpor- tant contribution of this club was the publication of a drafted code of rules in 1845, including the elimina- tion of players to nine, and standards for uniforms. Strange as it seems, the ,uniforms of the Kniekerbockers consisted of blue trousers, white shirts. and straw hats! Later in the 70's and 80's, both amateur and professional clubs sprang up with ever increasing rapidity. Today baseball has a strong hold upon men and boys of America. Some years have elapsed since baseball made its debut into the world, lt was kindly welcomed in an- cient times and continues to be. "Indeed, it seems that baseball and America met at an early age and grew up together," says one author. XVhatcver the future of the game may bc. there is no likelihood of its ever bc- coming unpopular. Listen to the slapping down of bills and jingling of silver at the iContinuecl on Page :UH 19 College ight OPENING and closing with a bang. the annual College Night was a huge success. XYith a large crowd of enthusiastic students on hand. the Seniors and Fresh- men literally stole the show. The Seniors presented a one-act play. The W'edding. by Iohn Kirkpatrick. The leading players were very forceful in their portrayal of a nervous couple before the wedding. A glance back to the Gay Nineties was given by the Freshmen. The scene was the Diamond Horseshoe Cabaret in the gay old town of New York. The feature of the program was the dancing of the Can Can by six French girls imported from Paris for the. occasion. The Iuniors presented an amateur show, which lived up to its nanieg while a burlesque of pro- gressive education was given by the Sophomores. After each performance. the classes came forward to sing their class songs. At the conclusion of the en- tertainment, the audience was led by Norris XVeis in singing school songs. Refreshments were available and for the rest of the evening the crowd danced to the strains of the Southe