Topeka (CL 67) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1945

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Topeka (CL 67) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1945 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 148 of the 1945 volume:

I 1. Q XA V I I , 4 V? .'. 774012217 715 MZ MWMM Qfm fd WM? ya gygwamfhfhe mgfwfffffffv F, i 5' af F I Q1 I I The U.S.5. TUPEHA EL B7 i' The Story of a Fighting Ship and Her Fighting Men i 1944-1945 gl? -Q? C CQ!! QWAIC I7 7744 'T67 L9 1 L! 5 rib Published by The Officers and Men of The U.S.S. Topeka Captain Thomas L. Wattles, U.S.N. COMMANDING OFFICER Commander Oscar H. Dodson, U.S.N. EXECUTIVE OFFICER Chaplain Mitchell T. Ancker, U.s.N.R ' EDITOR Ensign H. W. Arthur, U.S.N.R. WRITER ,lack Irwin Leventhal, EM2c ART EDITOR Lt. Commander C. M. Williams, U.S.N Ltfjgj E. F. Swann, U.S.N. BUSINESS ARRANGEMENTS 2 DEDICATED TD Those who waited, Whose Love and Faith Kept our Homes Inviolate and whose prayers Sustained us, always. 3 HEAR ADMIHAL IIAHI. F. HIILDEN, U.5.N. Commanding Cruiser Division 18 REAR Admiral Carl F. Holden, U.S.N., was horn in Bangor, Maine. He entered the Naval Academy in 1913, and was grad- uated in 1917. During World War 1 he served in destroyers operating out of Queenstown, Ireland, and Brest, France. Until 1922 he continued duty in destroyers as engineering officer, navigator, executive officer, etc. From 1922 to 1924 Admiral Holden took post graduate Work in radio engineering, taking the final year at Harvard University, which conferred a Masters Degree in Electrical Communication Engineering. 'During the next three years he was Chief of Staff of Commander, Destroyer Scouting Force in the Atlantic. 1927 to 1930 he was a member of the U. S. Naval Mission to Brazil. He returned to sea in 1931 as Communication Ofiicer in the U.S.S. Arizona. In the latter part of 1932 he was on the Staff of Commander, Battleships Battle Force, Pacific Fleet. ln 1932 he took his first command as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer, U.S.S. Tarbell. In June of 19341 when the Tarbell visited Portland, Oregon, during the Tournament of Roses, Admiral Holden was knighted c'Knight of The Rose Cuba." 4 For two years until 1936 he served as DistrictfCommunication Officer in the 14th Naval District at Honolulu, Hawaii. During the neXt two years he was Navigator of the U.S.S. Idaho and Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Ramapo. From 1938 to 1940 he was in the office of Chief of Naval Operations in charge of all radio shore activities in the Director of Naval Communications office. He was ordered to the U.S.S. Pennsylvania as Executive Officer in 1940. He was with the ship in Pearl Harbor on the eventful December 7th, 1941. Early in January 1942, he was detached from the Pennsylvania and ordered to the Staff of Admiral King as Communication Officer, U.S. Fleet in which capacity he served until 15 Sep- tember when he became Director of Naval Communications. On 15 April 1943, he was ordered as commanding officer of the new battleship U.S.S. New Jersey which was commissioned in May 1943 and which after the normal shakedown period and several months operation in the Atlantic proceeded to the Pacific combat area in January 1944. The New Jersey joined the famous Task Force 38, at its inception, and with Task Force 38, or Task Force 58, participated in the Marshall Islands campaign, the first and second raids on Truk, the first raid on the Palau Islands and in support of General MacArthur's New Guinea operation off Hollandia in the spring of 1944. During this time the New Jersey participated also in the bombardment of Mille and Ponape. After this she participated in the Marianas operation which resulted in the capture of Guam, Tinian and Saipan and in the first battle of the Philippines. In August 1944, the New Jersey became the flagship of Admiral VV. F. Halsey, Jr., U.S.N. and in this capacity participated in the capture of Peleleu in the Palau Islands, the operations against the Philippines in support of the recapture of the Philippines, the second battle of the Philippines and in the famous South China Sea operation of the Third Fleet in January 1945. During this time, Okinawa, Formosa and other Japanese islands to the northward of the Philippines were also raided by air assaults. He was detached from command of the U.S.S. New Jersey in late January 1945 following which he was promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral and ordered as Commander, Cruiser Division 18, a new cruiser division of the Cleveland class. Cruiser Division 18 under his command participated in the final stages of the Okinawa campaign and in the final assault on the Japanese Empire from 10 July to 15 August 1945. During this time, the division made a mid-night anti-shipping sweep of the entrance to Tokyo Bay and conducted a bombardment of Nojima Saki at the entrance of Tokyo Bay. After this, the divi- sion participated in the initial stages of the occupation of Japan. During World War II, Rear Admiral Holden has been awarded the Legion of Merit and Bronze Star. He has the pre-Pearl Harbor ribbon with one star, the Ameri- can Theater ribbon and the Asiatic-Pacific ribbon on which he is entitled to wear ten engagement stars, commencing with one for Pearl Harbor and terminating with the one for participating in the final assault on the main islands of Japan. P Rear Admiral Holden is married. His wife and daughter reside in Washington, D. C. and a son, Lt. fjgj Carl F. Holden, Jr., a graduate of the U. S. Naval Academy, Class of 1944, is a naval aviator. 5 BAPTMN THUMAS I.. WATTLES, U.5.N. Commanding Ojficer fa ' s 5 if sf . ,N-xg' J' , kd e, yx ,. " 'si , 'X ,. I. 54? ,.,.77Sy V , ,. we . 1,4 :Q F 145- . ZH 1 PFFZQM. , 5 .a,., -, Q , XX 5' I ' ee ,, ,s,w?!e:2Se:g'gs.f,', f z3'v'55'5, . X rf -1,,w'z,er5:, 11551-:. , gi' - A' 'f 21 . K- QS ' - 5 :y wffmqafaagf , 'isfi5SL'c2s:-T. . fs 1 - . . . fwfr . f, -as 2 ' , .1 ,wp - f- ,- ,f --I1 , . . ,,,,,'- , A ' ga 1 I gf .,c, ,, 5ss .36 if if-Q. 1 J '.- -f 1 Y.: gy fi, X1 ff V 'sf " JI U-ir if .way . . .W ML ' Nsriff Q-'H 1 -W ft .... 4. 1,115 1 f. Arg: jx ,pax ,rffgtrf fax- 434. 5 gf. ,li if X my I s X, 5 , r B . 3 , K , f X X, .4 .,f ,viv- Y K f MF, f fwffff f..'fV1 r, wnifr 1 1 4 Msasyyvyg, gsm mesa, tw,--,, ,-rs-s, ,wc Q X .pq f , wiht 7 f 33' " " Qi ' gyiwsvffv f sat x , :SKsf21si""f -2 K nf y ew J, nj , 7 Q. F' 5 'fn JW 'N 'S X 1 ' f 'Q YR .SAL 7' VW' 29' f.i:4 ., vi rw- f- 44:51 , S as r QSM 554425 -Qs 'SY-' 1 fe- ' Q f X ,figs H ?'W if ix R71 fl ,vf 1 1' X ' i 'X lsfifffgz J' f jury, im '1 me -mu, APTAIN Thomas Lippitt Yvattles, the Topeka's skipper, was horn July 15, 1900 at Elmington, Clarke County, Virginia, the son of Charles William Wattles of Alexandria, and Mary Alexander Lippitt of 'LElmington". With War raging in Europe, and our own country taking up arms in the confiict, the Captain won an appointment to Annapolis, which he entered in June 1917. He served as Midshipman on the U.S.S. Wisconsin during the summer of 1918. In June, 1920 he was graduated from the Naval Academy in the class of 1921 and was commissioned an Ensign. His first ship was the' U.S.S. Oklahoma. Wihen detached from his duty he at- tended and graduated from the Destroyer Engineering School' Afloat, serving under instruction on various destroyers in the Atlantic Fleet. In October 1921 he reported aboard his first cruiser, the U.S.S. Denver, Special Service Squadron, which was operating in Central and South American waters. In contrast to the present, our skipperliserved on that cruiser as an Ensign. His promotion to Lieutenant came in June of 1923 while he was attached to the light cruiser Richmond. You will note on the Skipperis uniform gold Dolphins, proud insignia of the Navyis Sub- 1 K 1 i A 4 6 ,,.i marine Service. After intensive training at New London, he was graduated from Submarine School and in July 1926 the then Lieutenant Wattles reported to the U.S.S. R-3, in Pearl Harbor for underseas duty. From June 1928 to June 1929 he served as Commanding Officer of the R-3. Our Skipper then took up duties as the Detachment Gunnery and the Torpedo Overhaul Officer at the Sub Base in Pearl. Sent' to Newport, he was ordered to take the year long junior officers course at the Naval War College. Following June 1935, he served as personal Aide to Rear Admiral John Downes, Commandant of the Ninth Naval District. On July 1, 1936 he was promoted to Lieutenant Commander. The Captain commanded the destroyer Dahlgren operating in Pacific waters for over a year. Through 1938 and 1939 he was the navigator of the U.S.S. Texas. Ninteeen years after his graduation, the Skipper returned to Annapolis as a bat- talion officer in the Executive Department, and in the first few months of 1911-2 was the Executive Officer of Bancroft Hall. Again at sea, he served as Commander Destroyer Squadron Sixteen, having been appointed a Captain on September 11, 1942. From October 1943 to December 19441 he was the Pre-Commissioning Training Officer and subsequently acting Chief of Staff and Assistant Chief of Staff to Commander Fleet Operational Training Command, U. S. Atlantic Fleet. Captain Wattles participated in the invasion of Morocco in November 1942 and in the eventful invasion of Sicily in July 1943. He was awarded the Legion of Merit for his excellent work in the Sicilian campaign. The Captain married Annette McPherson Ashford of Washington, D. C., on No- vember 3, 1923. They have two daughters, Ann Wattles Strangman, the wife of Lieutenant Clive A. Strangman. U.S.N., and Mary Joan Wfattles. 7 The U. S. S l CL 1 TUPEIH-X B7 EUMMANDEH USE!-XB H. HUIISUN, U.5.N. ' Executive Officer 0 N, . Avll I J ix 2 X .2 ,E A + 'Z ' f I Q' fri 'tg X N 1 1' 2 1 s f -. SEQ? , , AX X, 7 A Q' we . , fr YZ5s.f,6fsS ,fi , ' A,,,,ayww 1w, f,,W?,,Z9 Z. ff V . WL s 1 X f 1 W 4 1 I is x J S25 WW fs V Qsa X , f if f f my 4 saw , f 0 w N x 1 f 5 I1 N A SWT? N1 . QV z., , .E .V Lkk g ym? A' ii s eg, I . , ,:,,,.Vjg, . -V ff Vzwgf jifc , ffs, f.-fc f- ,T V SW Z. Q. za ff x 7155 7 f Vs f- if 1' ,, fy! ff s- as' A ' f . r as X -3 swf sry? ' ffsxszf XJ A mx ,A ., , M is f ff X . ,, ,- , s 1 f W , 2 s f 'f ,N Wvyqg X 4 f ,5 f . if ,W - sf f ' iw? fs, X ' 1 ,ja iw- f M' , 4 . 5 My of , X.. f ' offer? ani,-, X f 1, - ,f:fUqi' svWS,'ff Qggw , 25 VZ gpfv r 1- , '., .ff' jg. gf . gwfs ff .x'4y.wy VL M , sr f ig w 'ML' ...uw Lei'-fi - X OMMANDER Dodson was horn in Houston, Texas on January 3, 1905. After graduating from Waco, Texas High School he earned an appointment to Annapolis. Prior to the present conflict, Commander Dodson served on board the USS. New York, U.S.S. Pittsburg, U.S.S. Idaho and the U.S.S. Vincennes. The Commander also took courses at the Naval Torpedo School, Newport, Rl. and the Naval Post Graduate School. During the present war, he served as Communication Officer of the USS. Hornet, during the Doolittle raid on Tokyo, which he has stated was his most thrilling ex- perience of the war. While on the Hornet he participated in the Battle of Midway and Battle of Santa Cruz, in which she was lost. He served as staff Communication Officer on the staff of Admiral F. C. Sherman in the carrier Enterprise. While he was staff communication ollicer for Admiral A. E. Montgomery in the carriers Essex and Bunker Hill he participated in raids on Wake Island, the Gilberts, the Marshalls, Truk and Rabaul. During the occupation of the Gilberts, the Marshalls, Hollandia, New Guinea and the Marianas, Commander Dodson was an important figure on board his ship. 10 V 1 l V l I l r E Q ri Admiral Halsey awarded him the Silver Star medal for gallantry in action at the Battle of Santa Cruz. He also wears the Presidential Unit Citation for duty in the U.S.S. Enterprise. Commander Dodson is married to Pauline Wellbrock and is the father of a six year old son, John. His wife's father, Captain Wellbrock, is now on active service in Washington, D.C. He is a student of numismatics, specializing in the collection of ancient Chinese, Creek and Roman coins. 11 TIJPEH UDYSSEY 'L ,j QXXPA1 f fy! x Q1 Q FQ ! yi- 'walkin I :T A - L .v7. x Z . -wil r xy Z, A 1, r' ' -4? A' .. X 1' ir -'QX 4 -I-ff-ad . ass. ' 1 it X 5 . ea- sV'vuv,fi' i l? - . 0 X i! ff 2, if-j.,,?'FfgxE - -s.g..5, .,S. :l,,Qy I 'H N . ,ff Q T 'hy 'iii -g i nj , fl! :Q "Liv .Q v ....'- ti- 01 l 4. Iwi : Lg. Q N V In X -f j 1 Hg ff ., .,..: N -' if lim .mtl rn ll E1 , ,i .1 ,qv Q ' ' lx ' 1 'Q 1 ' fe " waml'-1'-if'-7. ' 'r V . . ' . , 3, I '12 1 U v -iiif ' . ' 23' .fl - Il V' jf' l his Qi '. , j jf?" ww Witfll..i1ll1l'l'llllli3il -- li W1 2' llllr.. l""1uU' ll""- " .Q3- f"f-V... . fn W 5 l 1 4 ' t""T"M 4 - f 'I ' - f I -iiieiizri il 'IV' -11 ' - ff "ll ffifl' .4 f'SE3'f:lff' ' if qv ,gf-ggfl, lljjlll N , .. ggi -gg.-gg.-:::,!lj l ' if A r A '--..5g2iezg.,.ffi9Z2" -f -b 471153 - il 1 , ,H ..'.:i- lll Tllgigillll gl J X- If J J . Je fl' 4. - 4 ' ff J NI J-Q..,,. :H it i719-fa .9 .1-:" "' 1f. n -ii: - " -, i -R "' ' P '..4f- f'f' 'f' - "' 'M -,f- 1 ' ' T 'F' f ' I -----1 - '-""-4 ... -' ' 2 F231 .ill .-" 1 , X A N A - 2 . 1 2 " ff, ' 41 ' . . T " 5 " ' ' W! ff .f.. - - f- -2- F47iFf: -" One hundred eighty miles east of Tokyo, once-proud cap- itol of the treacherous Japanese Empire, Task Force 38 of the vaunted United States Third Fleet had just completed launching another great air strike against the Japanese homeland, and was steaming leisurely through the choppy seas in defiance of possible enemy counter-attack. On station in Task Group 38.1 was a relative newcomer, the U.S.S. Topeka, CL67, very nearly the baby of the Fleet. It is with her we are concerned. Condition Two Able-Able -anti-aircraft readiness condition-had been set upon se- curing from General Quarters. Nearly half the men aboard her were on watch, manning the guns and directors, the radios and radars, the lookout stations and the repair sta- tions, the engines and boilers. The rest of the men were just finishing breakfast or trying to catch a few minutes sleep. Peace rumors and proposals had been flying back and forth for several days, but there was no cessation of the Navy's War against Japan. Another strike was to be launched within the hour. From squawk-boxes all over the ship came the momen- tary, suspenseful hum that always precedes an announce- ment. Then came the electrifying news: The Japanese had capitulated to the Allied surrender terms, the war was over! This -- participation in the final death-dealing blows against the hated enemy and in victory for the United States - was the Topeka's shining hour, the climax of her thus- far brief career. It was, in effect, the end of a story, a story that began with the laying of her keel, and continued through her launching and commissioning, the gathering to- gether of her crew from the four corners of the nation, the shakedown cruise, the trip through the Panama Canal to Pearl Harbor, the voyage westward through Ulithi to the juncture with the Third Fleet, the stay at Leyte, the final smashing offensive which brought the Japanese warlords to their knees and peace to the world. The story would go on, just as the Topeka would go on, but there would never be another moment in her history to compare with the morning of 15 August 1945. if if -IG EG E? It would be impossible to tell the whole story of the To- peka and her men in one volume. This account will of nec- essity cover only the high spots of that story, and will at- tempt to preserve, for its sentimental value only, the career of the U.S.S. Topeka. J The story properly begins with the laying of the keel on 21 April 1943 at the Quincy Yard of the Bethlehem Steel Company at Quincy, Mass. At that time most of the men who were later to form the Topeka's crew were still work- ing at civilian jobs or going to school. Others were aboard ships of the fleet and would be transferred to the Topeka. Some were to have their ships shot out from under them before they joined the Topeka. American troops were fight- ing in Italy and on the islands of the Pacific, and the rap- idly-expanding Navy was dueling with the enemy on two oceans. Sixteen months later, when the Topeka was launched on 19 August 1944, most of the Topekais crew had joined the Navy and were being prepared for the job ahead at Shoot" camps and special schools. By this time, American soldiers were battling across France and the Navy had established its dominance over most of the Pacific Ocean. But there was still a lot of war to be fought. 1 During the early autumn of 1944 the first contingent of the Topeka pre-commissioning detail arrived at Newport NTS to begin the immense task of welding the ship and its personnel into a unit. Captain Thomas L. Wattles, U.S.N., was to be the commanding officer of the ship, and Com- mander O. H. Dodson, U.S.N., the executive officer. On 9 October, the pre-commissioning detail became official. From then until the ship was commissioned in December, life was a series of drills, happy hours, classes, watches and liberty in Newport. fNote on Newport weather: Rain to-day and tomorrowj Various groups of men took their specialized training at places other than Newport. One group was as- signed to the Cruiser Duluth during its shakedown cruise, another was aboard the battleship Wyoming for gunnery I2 Ready To Launch 13 - classes, others went to Philadelphia, Little Creek, Norfolk and New London. By 20 December they were all back in Newport, however, ready to leave for the commissioning on the morning of the 23rd. Meanwhile, in Quincy, another group of engineers, tech- nicians and hull department men had been working aboard, the ship for several months. They were the first of the crew lo see the Topeka. What they saw was a Cleveland class cruiser, carrying 12 6"f41-7 cal. guns in four turrets, 12 5738 cal. guns in six mounts, 10 40MM mounts and 10 ZOMM mounts, with an overall length of 610 feet, and a beam of 61 feet, displacement of 10,000 tons and a top speed of 32 knots. Although work on the ship was far from completed, she was ready to be commissioned on 23 December 19441. For this ceremony the entire crew was to be brought together aboard the ship, and was to live aboard her thereafter. The pre-commissioning training was over, and those who thought that training had been rugged, obviously did not know what the future held. On the afternoon of Saturday, 23 December 1944, the Topeka became a part of the vast United States Fleet when she was put in commission at the South Boston Navy Yard with traditional pomp and ceremony. During the morning, the pre-commissioning detail ar- rived from Newport and was embarked along with a draft of men from the Fargo Barracks in Boston. For the ma- jority of the men, this was the first time they had ever been on board a U.S. Navy warship, and for a good many of them, it was the first timethey had ever been aboard any- thing more imposing than a flat-bottomed skiff. Due to a rigid time schedule, it was necessary for the men to be- come acquainted in very short order with the location of their living compartments, bunks, lockers, and the mess halls, and for a short time, a mild chaos was more or less the order of the day. Shortly after noon, the stage was set for the commission- ing. Under dull leaden skies, with a hint of snow in the air, the ofhcers and crew assembled by divisions on the main deck aft of turret four, where the long, graceful barrels of the after six-inch guns formed an ominous backdrop for the ceremony. The crack ,Marine color guard and the Navy band from the Boston Receiving Station completed the picture. Promptly at 1400, Bear Admiral Felix X. Gygax, U'.S.N., Commandant First Naval District, read the order of the Navy Department to commission the ship. Upon comple- tion, the band struck up the national anthem, and the Na- tional Ensign, the lack, and the Commission Pennant were hoisted, followed by the hoisting of the Commandant's per- sonal flag. Captain Wattles accepted command of the ship from Rear Admiral Gygax, and ordered the watch set. The Topeka was ofiicially in commission. Brief speeches by the Honorable Leverett Saltonstall, Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the Honorable Frank J. W'arren, Mayor of the City of Topeka. Kansas, followed. ln behalf of the people of Topeka, Mr. Warren presented the ship with a loud speaker system and an album of records. The final ceremony was the presenta- tion to the Captain by Rear Admiral Gygax of the Bronze Star Medal for an uimportant contribution to the war effort" made when Captain Wattles was pre-commissioning officer for all types of vessels on the staff of the Commander, Operational Training Command, U.S. Atlantic Fleet. By 1600 all guests had left the ship and 15 minutes later the first of what was to be a long succession of general drills was held. The commissioning ceremonies had been impressive to the utmost, and the minds of officers and men had been opened to the full significance of what lay ahead. But it was the beginning of the Christmas weekend, and no one knew where the next Christmas would be spent. When lib- erty call sounded at 1700, the commissioning became a thing of the past, the most important matter of the moment was-HWhat kind of a liberty town is Boston?'l if- GC- -76 -P? W Life aboard the new ship began in earnest after the Christmas weekend. There was still a great deal of work to be done before the Topeka could be taken out to sea, and every day three shifts of workmen came aboard. It was vir- tually impossible to hold a real field day, but cleaning de- tails were busy every day trying to keep some semblance of order and cleanliness on the ship. Long days were spent loading equipment, stores, and ammunition. General drills were held nearly every day. And underscoring every activ- ity was thefcacophony of riveting, welding, drilling, and chipping, punctuated by the bells from the giant cranes and the hoarse whistles of ships in the harbor. lt wasn't all work, however. Liberty was on a two-out- of-three basis, and deaf as they might be to other calls, there was not a S2fc on the ship who couldn,t recognize liberty call when it was sounded at 1630. Boston was a good liberty town, and in some quarters Topeka men will not soon be forgotten. e The big event of the pre-shakedown period in Boston was the Topeka dance at the Hotel Statler on 8 January. ln the ballroom which was banked with huge floral decorations instead of the customary flags, more than 600 Topeka offi- cers and men danced until the small hours of the morning. Highlight of the affair was the Grand March led by Captain Wattles, at the conclusion of which Captain Wattles danced with Mrs. Mumford, pretty wife of the Topeka,s junior sea- man, William Mumford, and Commander Dodson danced with Mrs. Barba, the charming wife of Alex Barba, second junior man aboard. Presentation of the Battle Flag, purchased with the pen- nies of the school children of Topeka and presented to the ship by the City of Topeka, was another high spot of the evening. This flag will be returned to the city to be pre- served in its memorial library. ln the middle of the evening, the lights were dimmed, the music stopped, and a huge cake, adorned with a model of the ship was wheeled to the center of the floor. The three Y I I I l I 4 1 1 1 1 l r l I 1 - l r v i 4 l V l l l l lr ri 1 is 14 ls' fn- .1 . . . -2" 'wr J, xx . If N X x Q. .X X . 53- i. 0 f 'nf ' I W 'WV ' iififi 'ii ' 'A r Sf' M Mfd f' I K ' Q 62" fe wiyf-. s XNXXQ V-X N Q' 7 ta NWNKSB XX X X ,, ,.,.... .as..-----.L 'E' E. J'-lil llll ' llllllll 'f"'.-:f'?rt"Tf-..-in--:.j' , 'H"-iQ3f!-f5r"f?-':- Q " 'tn' J-:az Ist ff: ,l.-l"llif.-lllll-..l-L '-' -l . - .ik ' 'fi -Sa-. - "L !LiLi-Wh' "" .fli5'if js gi -351,-arfff-ggi Egllifi? t' -ia A -iii-. senior petty officers, C. F. Keenan, C. Adams and E. G. Gallery, all of them BM1fc, cut the cake and delivered the first piece to Captain Wattles. Later in the evening the decks were cleared for action, and after a wild flurry of flying feet and impossible maneu- vers, the prize for the jitterbug contest was awarded to Paul Lopez, Slfc, dancing with Mrs. Harold Crider, wife of H. D. Crider, BM1fc. Credit of the success of the dance went to the committee in charge-Lt. Partridge, Lt. Bracken, Lt. tjgj Murray, Thomas, BMlfc, Keenan, BMlfc, and Crider, BMlfc, with an assist to Miss Bradley, dance director of the USO, and George Carens, newspaper writer, for their help. The days were running by almost too fast, for there was much to be done. On 18 January, the Topeka shoved off to sea for the first time with her own crew to make a high speed run north of Cape Cod. The first, unpleasant cases of seasickness made their appearance, but the run itself was a success, all things considered. On 21 January the ship left port again, this time for a week of intensive drills in Massachusetts Bay. These readi- ness for sea exercises included general drills, gunnery drills, magnetic compass calibration and radio direction Hnder calibration. The weather was raw and biting, and night watches on deck were even more bitterly cold than they had been in port. On 25 January the ship returned to south Boston for final loading of provisions and ammunition before leaving on the shakedown. It was the last liberty in Boston for nearly six weeks. At 0004 on 27 January the Topeka was under way for Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, on the first leg of the shakedown cruise, with the destroyer Mayrant as screen. The trip to Norfolk will long belremembered by most of the oHicers and men as one of the roughest junkets they ever took. High seas broke over the Topeka's bow in great bursts of green water, and the long sickening swells took a high toll of white-faced boots and salty sailors alike. During the day the ship changed course to answer a merchant's ship's distress call, but other ships were able to reach the mer- chantman before the Topeka and her services were not needed. Some of the men found relief from seasickness only in their sacks, despite admonitions that fresh air was the best cure, and others, of a more playful nature, carried buckets with them as they went to watch. It was little con- solation to the enlisted man to know that in the Junior OHicer's Bunkroom very unhappy and unsalty Ensigns had crawled to what they hoped would be their final resting place. During the two-day run, 5" and 6" structural firing tests were conducted, and on the evening of 28 January the ship anchored in Hampton Roads. The next week was spent in Chesapeake Bay conducting general drills and gunnery drills. By this time nearly ev- eryone aboard recognized the bugle calls for fire drill, fire the rescue drill, prepare to abandon ship, and even more noteworthy, knew what to do when they heard the call over the squawk-box. Gunnery exercises included surface firing at towed sleds and anti-aircraft firing at towed sleeves and at drones, remarkable little miniature, radio-controlled aircraft which can do everything a Jap Betty can do and a lot more besides. On the afternoon of 4 February the ship got underway from Norfolk for the Naval Operating Base at Trinidad, British West Indies, one of the bases which the United States obtained in the famed M50 old destroyersn deal with Great Britain. The ship was scarcely out of Chesapeake Bay before the sea began to act up again and as the Topeka swung south off Cape Hatteras in company with a sister ship, the Oklahoma City, CL9l, and the destroyers Gainard and Purdy, there were men aboard who felt that their des- tiny would have been served much better had they joined the Army and been lying in a dirty foxhole, which, despite its obvious faults, would at least have been immovable. They all survived, however, and within two days a tropi- cal sun was beating down on the ship and the calm blue waters around her. En route to Trinidad, general drills and tactical exercises were conducted daily, sunbathing was per- mitted during the middle of the day, and Joe Doakes, S2fc, was beginning to see where they had gotten the beautiful pictures he had seen in the recruiting station. On 9 Febru- ary the ship arrived in the Gulf of Paria, where she was to spend the next 18 days on as rugged a daily schedule as her crew had ever experienced. Trinidad was by no stretch of the imagination a tropical paradise. The barren, sun-dried hills rose out of the sea to form a dull yellow-and-gray wall around the gulf. Perched on the northern rim of the South American continent, the island itself was a little more than 600 miles north of the equator. The sun hammered down on the ship relentlessly, and there was little relief from the heat below-decks or topside. ' X , fn W! 1 For 18 days the ship and crew ran through drill after drill designed to make them ready for actual battle. Day and night, the 6" and 5" guns fired at towed sleds and en- gaged in offset firing battles with the Oklahoma City. And day and night the 5", 401VIlVI and 20lVIlVl guns fired at towed sleeves and drones. It was simply practice, practice, prac- tice. In between firing, there were damage control prob- lems, fire drills, salvage drills, prize crew drills and aban- don ship drills. At regular intervals there was a complete battle problem which involved gunnery, tactics, damage control and materiel and personnel casualties. Tactical ex- ercises were held nearly every day, and there were two shore bombardment rehearsals by the 5" and 6" guns. As a climax to the training a complete inspection, plus battle problem and damage control, was conducted aboard the Topeka by personnel of the Oklahoma City, and the same was conducted aboard the Oklahoma City by Topeka per- sonnel. This was in preparation for the all-important in- spection in Norfolk which was to come later. Every fourth or fifth day the ship anchored off the Navy base in Trinidad, and liberty within the N.O.B. was granted for enlisted men and at the Macqueripe Officers' Club for ofhcers. This liberty consisted mainly of drinking beer or malted milks and trying to find suitable souvenirs to take home. The one big question on everyone's tongue as the shake- down period was drawing to a close was that of leave in the States when the ship returned. Just before the ship left Trinidad, the Captain announced that, providing the Topeka passed its inspection in Norfolk satisfactorily, 10-day leave for everyone aboard would be given, the first leave to begin the day the ship reached Boston. No greater tonic could have been issued, and on 28 February, the Topeka steamed out of the Gulf of Paria with visions of home in everyoneis mind. En route to the States, off Culebra Island, one of the Virgin Islands, the ship stopped for shore bombardment, then continued directly to Norfolk, again in company with the Oklahoma City. As usual, tactical and general drills were held along the way, and on 4 March the ship moored at Norfolk. The next two days were spent getting the ship ready for the big inspection to be conducted by the Commander Op- erational Training Command, U. S. Atlantic Fleet, and in assisting in the inspection of the Oklahoma City. This in- spection was to be held on 7 and 8 March and would in- clude a Military Inspection, Battle Problem and Damage Control Inspection. Failure to pass would mean additional weeks of training before the Topeka would be considered fit to take her rightful place in the battle line of the United States Fleet. On 7 March, Rear Admiral C. F. Bryant, USN, Com- mander Operational Training Command, U. S. Atlantic Fleet, assisted by his staff and personnel of the Oklahoma City, inspected all parts of the ship and all personnel of the ship. The next day, with Rear Admiral Bryant and his staff aboard, the Topeka went out to sea for the Battle Problem and Damage Control Inspection. With all the background of intensive training, the inspections were not as difficult as had been anticipated. With remarkably few exceptions, everything was more than shipshape, and the Topeka came through with flying colors. Immediately after the inspection, the ship shoved off for Boston and home. En route, there was drone firing off Cape May, New Jersey. Shortly before noon on 10 March, the Topeka tied up in South Boston, and within an hour half the officers and men had left the ship and were off on their leaves, with the other half waiting to go as soon as the first group returned. The shakedown cruise was over, it would not be long now. 99 'FF if if -39 The first leave party was gone until 20 March, and the second party left immediately upon their return. By 31 March all hands were back on the ship. During the leave periods those men present stood watch-on-watch becauseof the shortage of men. There was liberty every second night, however, and when both parties had returned liberty was put on a three-out-of-four basis, time spent, no doubt, im- proving the mind with the aid of the cultural advantages offered by the city of Boston. There was a great deal of work to be done on the ship during this time, and the chippers and riveters were at it again day and night-mostly night. No one knew for cer- tain when the ship would get underway again, but everyone knew that when she did, it would be for points west. The second Topeka dance was held the night of 4 April, again in the Statler ballroom, and again the Topekais finest and their lovely ladies made a memorable night of it. If there was an neat, drink and be merry for tomorrow we go to sea" attitude observed, it was wholly understandable- and Boston girls had been contending with that line for over two years anyhow. Early the afternoon of 10 April the ship got underway and steamed slowly out of Boston harbor. For most of the officers and men it was the last sight of the United States for several months, but characteristically, very few of them gave it a second thought. The Topeka was en route to Pearl Harbor via the Panama Canal. The end of both the Euro- pean and Pacific wars was in sight, though no one dared hope it would come as soon as it did. Eighteen months in the Pacific looked like a good bet---if the Zhip was lucky. On the way to Panama it was the usual round of general drills, gunnery exercises and tactical exercises. OH' Culebra Island the 6" and 5" batteries had another shore bombard- ment. On 15 April the ship anchored at the U. S. Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and a fortunate group got ashore for a few hours to drink American beer and Ameri- can malted milks. The next two days were spent in gunnery exercises in the operating areas off Guantanamo Bay. The morning of 19 April the ship was at the eastern entrance to the Panama Canal, and a Hrope yarn Sundayn, which is Navy for holiday, was declared. Only the deck, engine room and communication watches were stood. Everyone else was free to find himself a comfortable spot topside and watch the Canal go by. 18 Trying The Rudder Showing Off . . . It took the entire day to negotiate the Canal, from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. and not the least amazing as- pect of the trip was that the ship traveled southeasterly, instead of westerly direction, due to the fact that the isthmus of Panama nearly doubles back on itself in connecting the North and South American continents. The Panama Canal is truly one of the great wonders of the modern world. The isthmus is formed by a range of rugged mountains which are the southern extremity of the American Rockies. It is necessary, by a system of giant locks, figuratively to lift the great ships over the mountains and deposit them on the other side. The lock system is relatively simple in theory, but it becomes grandiose when it is conceived and engineered on the tremendous scale of the Panama Canal. The ship steams into the first lock and the gates are secured astern. Water is pumped into the en- closed area, raising the ship to the height of the water beyond the gates forward. Then the gates forward of the ship are opened and the ship steams into these waters. There are three series of locks raising the ship to the level of Lake Gatun in the middle of the isthmus, and three more which lower it to the level of the ocean on the other side. Along all lock chambers powerful cable cars, called elec- tric mules, on either side of the canal pull the ship into position within the locks. The gates separating the locks are also used as pedestrian bridges. Shut in from the cooling breezes of the sea by the high hills on both sides, it was intensely hot during the transit of the Canal, and the leisurely manner in which the canal' workers maneuvered the ship.-plus an occasional bright- frocked native girl-kept nearly everyone topside for the entire trip. Late in the afternoon, just before mooring, sight of the heavy carrier Franklin en route home with her decks twisted and charred, cast a momentary measure of forboding over the ship. The Topeka moored that night alongside a dock in Balboa, Canal Zone, and the first real liberty in a foreign port be- gan shortly thereafter. Everyone on the ship went ashore either that night or the next, and these were perhaps the most memorable libertiesjin the Topekais career. Balboa, in the Canal Zone. is a quiet, sober, Army and Navy controlled community. But the city of Panama, in the Republic of Panama, is a sensational, wide-open, dirty, native-controlled Rabelaisian city. A single avenue separ- ates the two geographically, but from a sanitary, cultural, moral or spiritual standpoint, they are worlds apart. Sailors linger in Balboa only long enough to cadge a ride to Pana- ma. Even Chaplain Albrecht was seen in Panama, giving the main drag the jaundiced eye and the curled lips. Sou- venirs were available at highly infiated prices, and many Hwlelcome to Panama" pillow covers will bring Topekamen daydreams and nightmares as they settle down on the family sofa in years to come. On the morning of 2I April the Topeka, still in company with the Oklahoma City shoved off from Balboa en route to Pearl Harbor. Speculation on the possibility of making a west coast port was soon dispelled-the ship was taking the direct route to Pearl. Again the tedious but necessary round of drills, exercises, and classes began, interrupted only by Captain's inspection. In addition, large numbers of men were studying for ad- vancement in rate. It was an ll.-day trip to Pearl Harbor, but there was little time for idleness--the Navy was cling- ing tenaciously to its timeless policy that a busy man is a happy man. On the afternoon of 2 May the Topeka stood into historic Pearl Harbor, backdrop for the uday that will live in infamyfl The ship remained in the Hawaiian area for I9 days, but her crew had little time to spare. Since this was the last major Navy base the Topeka would enter for some time, it was necessary to make all required repairs here, and to load up to the hilt with stores and ammunition. On three dif- ferent occasions, the ship steamed out to sea for three and four day periods of gunnery exercises--certain requirements of the Pacific Fleet had to be satisfied, and again the Topeka came through with one of the 'highest gunnery scores ever earned by a light cruiser. Exercises included the customary drone, sleeve and sled firing, plus shore bom- bardment of Kahoolawe Island. On the days the ship was in port, all-day liberty was granted by sections. Honolulu, the Royal Hawaiian Hotel and Waikiki Beach were the principal points of interest. Buses were chartered for day-long excursions around the island of Oahu, including a stop at one of the pineapple processing plants. One evening a troupe of Hawaiian en- tertainers were brought aboard to present what was billed as a typical Hawaiian show. And of course, the souvenir hunters found Hawaii ready and waiting for them. On 22 May the Topeka steamed out of Pearl Harbor. en route to Ulithi Atoll in the Western Caroline Islands. The ship and its crew were now presumed to be ready for com- bat. Aboard her was Commander Cruiser Division 18, Rear Admiral Carl F. Holden, USN, and his staff, and accom- panying her was her old friend, the Oklahoma City. Three days after leaving Pearl, the ship crossed the 180th meridian --the International Date Line-and the date jumped over- night from 25 May to 27 May, leaving out 26 May entirely. For the benefit of those men who lost a birthday in the shuffle, every man whose birthday was 26 May was given a special birthday cake on 27 May. There still remains some confusion in their minds, however, about how old they are now. Crossing the International Date Line also made every- one aboard eligible for membership in the uSacred Order of the Golden Dragon," and membership cards were issued to all hands later. Amidst the regular round of exercises and drills the ship continued westward, and on I June steamed into Ulithi to anchor near an island which bore the fascinating name of lVIog Mog. Ulithi is a typical Pacific coral atoll, consisting of a string of small coral islands which form a sort of circle, the center of which becomes a reasonably sheltered harbor. Because it was only 60 miles from the Jap-held island of Yap, the ship maintained gun watches throughout the short stay there. Liberty was granted morning and afternoon to play ball, swim and drink beer and coke. WITH PAIIIFIII W!-IH PAINT F. ---- L - .s- -In 1' - , . , g X " '.. ,1'v' - T i f ' 1 " 1 fix' .4 bf-N3 -L1 l XX 'KH W - . ,415 M M ffl I ,. ONS! ,.,, fz' if f? 1,11 fffyyff' Z qll 'll'-1 11 . 2 e . ' ' 11 it 33 , 2 rem 'f A X - 11 113 5 1 13353 is f . . l J v- Il ,F ' J ill A Minmfll HV -.EU.,. ' i.-Y-.Lil gf xfggbg gf- X ,sk l -Ni ki I, ,,.f -- U W ,W 4 f. I .. HN Uv N R U .rife aaa ff .JL 1 1 n , 32.17-J V " Q. - - Tc NQATQ-?f X X , V "J ,041-J - ll J: flflfklfi'-If ' V! -I M im , , ig . .-'I 'g ' 511 X 4 f is 7' f .f ,S N Z , 5,9-, JF ,. H 0 7 Q J Lt - 4 W fm .11 N. - A .sf ' , '-ia' 1' ' , , ,A -F ,-z.:-125 W ! Nix- X fit , I i ,,r-v- Q H , ,, LTFJ - - 1- 13 EX X X- , ...f . asain-.zf. f . .. .1 2 -. x :JA 1 . - -9 - V- - . -xx X ' - -- X' ' xl- X -.- - f' - l - - . N- .Xa Iljj, X Q14-, ifag igfl-:if'?1-:-'fg 1555? "Jil ,.., 4' 0 I: M if ' ' -fgf"f,4 A' "3-'1 M ' X u ""' Mog Mog Island, where the liberty parties went ashore, still had a number of native thatched huts, but most of the natives had been carried away by the Japanese or removed to other islands of the atoll. Native cemeteries were every- where on the island, and despite the presence of the newly constructed Navy buildings, there was a timeless air of placid permanence to the place. On 4 June the Topeka steamed out of Ulithi in company with the carrier Bon Homme Richard, the Oklahoma City and two destroyers to join with the fueling group then on its way to rendezvous with Task Force 38. The ship was at last about to move into the front line. The rendezvous with Task Force 38 was effected on 6 June, and the Topeka was ordered into Task Force 38.1, one of the groups comprising Task Force 38. The ship was now fulfilling the role for which she was designed-she was a part of the Fast Carrier Task Force whose mission was to destroy Japanese shipping, aircraft and shore in- stallations and whose lightning raids up and down the tenuously stretched Japanese Empire were fast annihilating the Japanese Fleet and demoralizing the Japanese govern- ment. These Task Groups were ordinarily composed of a half-dozen carriers, three or four battleships, seven or eight cruisers and a score or more destroyers. With their speed and fighting power, plus their ability to stay at sea for in- definite periods, they were the 'most devasting and most feared forces in the history of naval warfare. The group which the Topeka joined consisted of the carriers Hornet, Bennington, and Bon Homme Richard, the Battleships Indiana, Massachusetts, and Alabama, the light carriers San Jacinto and Belleau Wood, the heavy cruisers Baltimore and Quincy, the light cruisers San Juan, Okla- homa City, Atlanta and Topeka, and 15 destroyers. The group was operating about 300 miles east of Okinawa. On June 8 the carriers of the group launched an aircraft strike in support of the Okinawa campaign against enemy aircraft and installations on southern Kyushu, one of the three principal islands of the Japanese homeland. This was the Topeka's first taste of offensive action against the enemy. The ship went to General Quarters for the launching of the strike and for the recovery of the planes when they returned from the strike. This procedure was to become routine in the days to come, but on this day it was new and highly exciting. The crew had been warned that the greatest danger lay in the recovery of the planes by the carriers, for the Japanese aircraft frequently followed the planes back to the Task Group to attack at the time of recovery, when the carriers were most vulnerable. A few minutes after noon that day, the shrill call of air defense sounded over the ships Hsquawk-boxesf' Thirteen hundred men raced to their battle stations, believing that this, finally, was it. As it turned out, a bogey-unidentified aircraft-had been detected closing on the group, but it was identified as friendly just after the men reached their battle stations. This, too, was to become a familiar proce- dure, for it was not always possible to identify planes as friendly until they were close to the group. On 9 June the group fueled at sea in the morning and launched another air strike in the afternoon, and the fol- lowing day another strike was launched against Okino Daito Shima. For this strike, the Topeka lanuched one of its seaplanes for the air-sea rescue, but its services were not required. Late that day the entire group was underway for San Pedro Bay, Leyte, Philippine Islands. The Topeka had had herfirst opportunity-however short and indecisive it may have been-of playing on the first team. From now until the war ended, she would be a regular member of the first team. Three days later, with the decks hot enough to fry an egg from the merciless beating of the sun, the ship anchored in San Pedro Bay for minor repairs, painting and a general cleaning up. The 18-day stay at Leyte would have been more welcome had it not been for the weather. The sun bore down relent- lessly, and it was virtually impossible to sleep below-decks at night. From 1900 on, the topside decks were jam-packed with sleeping men. Those who cultivated the sun emerged with magnificently tanned skins. Because of the threat of enemy air action, gun watches were maintained just as they had been at sea. One night all the ships in the harbor were alerted by the shore radar station, but again the bogey turned out to be friendly. ' Liberty facilities at Leyte were limited, to put it mildly. The crew went ashore in groups of 200 or more to drink beef, SWIIH and play ball, but the oppressive heat confined 22 :.u+L'2 .53i1LIZL 5TZZ'l" 25132-ZLJ: . r Nobody Hurt ,lust a Training M ishap .... We Learned We Had To With An Admiral Aboard . . their activities to drinking beer and trying to trade with the natives for souvenirs. Most of the trading was for Philip- pine money, but the great quantities of clean crisp bills substantiated the story that the natives had obtained posses- sion of the presses on which the Japs had turned out occu- pation currency and were printing new money as fast as the sailors would buy it. There were too, the usual stories of what one could obtain in exchange for a package of Ameri- can cigarettes. Time passed rapidly, and before long the word was passed around that the Task Force would get underway 1 July for another series of smashing attacks on the Japanese homeland, these attacks to be co-ordinated with the pulver- izing bombing tactics of the Army's B-29s. When the ship steamed out of San Pedro Bay on 1 July. it was generally believed that she would be back in again within six or eight weeks, no one knew how much history would be written before the Topeka dropped anchor again. For nine days the Task Force tuned up for battle with numerous drills and practices, including a mock battle be- tween two groups of battleships, cruisers and destroyers. Enemy mines were spotted every day and exploded by destroyers of the screen. The great concern shown over the sighting of mines in daylight led to a certain amount of cynical discussion about the mines that must be just as nu- merous at night when they could not be seen. The group moved slowly north from Leyte during these nine days. Task Force 38.1, of which the Topeka was again a member, was composed of the carriers Bennington, Lex- ington and Hancock, the light carriers San Jacinto and Belleau Wood, the battleships South Dakota, Indiana and Massachusetts, the light cruisers Atlanta, Dayton, Okla- homa City, Amsterdam, and Topeka, the AA cruiser San Juan and about 18 destroyers. On the morning of 10 July the Task Force, composed of Task Groups 38.1, 38.3 and 38.4-, was ready to renew the onslaught against Japan. From a point off the eastern coast of Honshu, the central and most important of the three Jap- anese islands, a mammoth air strike was launched against the Tokyo Plains area, which includes the most heavily populated and most highly industrialized sections of Japan. From 0400 all through the day the planes roared off the carriers, and flew in to their targets, dropped their bombs and returned to be recovered, loaded, gassed and again launched. This routine was typical of the strike days to follow. As many as 2,000 missions would be flown in a day by the carrier planes. On this day, as in days to come, little opposition was encountered by the pilots although at some targets the anti-aircraft fire was moderate to heavy. The Topekais job on strike days was to maintain a sharp radar and lookout watch for enemy planes about to attack the Task Group, to open fire and destroy enemy planes as directed, and to supply air-sea rescue planes as ordered. During these days the ship went to General Quarters for launching and recovery of planes and twhenever enemy planes approached the formation, and maintained Condition Two Able-Able, with half to two-thirds of the men on watch, the rest of the time. Although few enemy planes, except those that were apparently suicide reconnaissance missions, approached close enough to cause any great alarm, it was a grueling routine, particularly for the anti-aircraftjbattery, the lookouts, and Combat Information Center. By sunset all planes had been recovered and the night combat air patrol had been launched. The group retired for fueling on 11 and 12 July, then steamed north for an attack on Hokkaido, the northernmost of the three principal islands, on the 13th. Foul weather prevented effective air strikes on the 13th, but on the 14th a full-scale attack was launched with enemy planes, enemy airfields and certain industrial points the targets. As on the 10th over the Tokyo area, many planes were destroyed on the ground and little opposition was encountered in the air. The Japanese either had run out of planes or were saving them for the expected invasion of the homeland. About noon two planes ap- proached the formation but were shot down by the combat air patrol before they could do any damage. The next day, the 15th, was in general a repetition of the 14th. That night the group retired for fueling the following day. While fueling on 16 July the Task Force was joined by a British task group of carriers, battleships, cruisers and destroyers, which was to conduct future air operations in conjunction with Task Force By the morning of the 17th the ships had again reached a point off Tokyo for scheduled strikes on that and the next day. Bad weather interferred again, however. The first two strikes of the day were launched on the 17th, but then the weather closed in, preventing any further operations that day or the next. But those who thought that operations were setting into a routine were due for a surprise that night. 1 At 1630 on 18 July the Topeka, along with her sister cruisers the Dayton, Oklahoma City and Atlanta, was de- tached from the Task Group for a shipping sweep off the eastern entrance to Tokyo Bay, within easy range of Jap warships, planes, and even shore batteries. Purpose of the mission was to destroy enemy shipping encountered and to bombard the southern tip of Nojima Cape. Navigating largely by radar, the four cruisers with -their destroyer screen, commanded by Rear Admiral Holden, USN, in the Topeka, approached the Japanese homeland in the early evening. At about 2200, radar contact was made with an unidentified surface craft. Two destroyers were sent out to investigate, but the contact turned out to be an American submarine. Just before midnight, steaming in column, the cruisers opened fire on Japanese radar installations on Nojima Cape. Belching flame and destruction, the 6" guns fired salvo after salvo toward shore in an awe-inspiring spectacle, and the target was seen to explode in a quick flash as the projectiles reached their objective, The Task Unit proceeded westward from Nojima Cape and reached a point 45 miles south of Tokyo, the closest to the .Japanese capital that any enemy force had ever been since the days of Genghis Kahn in the 13th century. Turn- f, fe,,,'lQ.4.:f':v A Q-W Q y -mag,-, S02 MW A., 11237 , ..,..., me ,Q V2 We Were Not Afraid . . . Welcome Aboard A Happy To Be Aboard .... ing south, the unit swept through the outer reaches of Tokyo Bay searching in vain for Japanese shipping. Although il was obvious that the unit had been picked up by Japanese radar, neither enemy planes nor ships ventured out to give battle. At 0135 on 19 Jul.y, having completed the sweep the unit turned east to rendezvous with the rest of the Task Force. En route, the radars picked up a single unidentified plane which closed and was taken under fire. The plane quickly withdrew and was not again detected. lnsignificant as it may have been tactically, the sweep made history in a small way for the Topeka, and provided another tip-off that the Japanese were about at the end of their rope. It might have been a dangerous mission, but the Japanese were unable, or unwilling, to make it so. Foul weather prevented further strikes until 211- July. On that day and the next the planes from the Task Force car- riers struck at enemy shipping in the vicinity of Kure and reported successful completion of their missions. Un the early evening of the 25th several -enemy planes followed the carrier planes back to the Task Force and were shot down by the combat air patrol without inflicting any dam- age to our forces. The force again retired for fueling, and struck once more at Kobe and Kure on the 28th and 29th of July. By this time the Japanese were suffering from a bad case of jitters because they were unable to keep up with the movements of the Third Fleet and never knew where it was going to strike next. Further, any one strike might have been the prelude to invasion at that point. With their fleet a negligible fac- tor, their air force shot to pieces and their major cities in ruins, the Japanese were looking at a black present and an even blacker future. On the afternoon of 29 July the Task Force shifted its position again. and on the 30th and 31st struck at the Tokyo-Nagoya area once more with devastating effects, then retired for fueling. For seven days no operations against the empire were undertaken while the Task Force fueled and engaged in anti-aircraft firing practice, moving gradually north to a position east of Honshu. Again on 9 and 10 August Task Force 38 struck savagely at the Japs, this time hitting northern Honshu with indus- trial centers and airfields, as well as aircraft, the principal targets. And on the 9th the Topeka, by the daring of one of its officers, stood momentarily in the limelight. On that day the Topeka had the routine air-sea rescue assignment. Purpose of the assignment is to recover from the water pilots of downed carrier aircraft. 1n the middle of the morning the Topeka was ordered to send a plane to the rescue of a downed British pilot from a British carrier operating with Task Force 38. Ensign Harry Poindexter, USNB, who is equally at home in a stud poker session, took off in his SC-1 Seahawk, a one- seater seaplane with space in the fuselage aft of the pilot to stuff a passenger, and flew to the point where the pilot had been reported downed, less than a mile from the Jap- anese beach and within range of shore batteries. Setting his plane down in the water, Ensign Poindexter picked up the British aviator, and was about to return to the ship when he was informed by radio that another British pilot had been downed about live miles away and was in the water. With some difhculty, Poindexter took off in the choppy water with his passenger and flew to the second pilot. While he knew that he could jam another passenger into the fuselage with only some slight discomfort to the passen- gers, Poidexter also knew that his light plane would be heavily over-balanced and might very well not be capable of taking off from the somewhat heavy seas. However, rather than leave the aviator to the mercy of the sea and the ma- chine-gunning Jap pilots, Poindexter set his plane down again and took the second pilot aboard. With friendly fighter planes circling overhead as protec- tion against Jap planes, Poindexter gunned his tail-heavy plane over the water and forced it into the air more by will power than anything else. When he radioed that he was bringing in two passengers, one of them badly injured, in his one-seater plane, half the shipis company was on the fantail to receive him and the Task Force Commander sent a message to the Topeka asking for complete details of the rescue. For his daring and courageous achievement in the D . 23 face of great odds, Ensign Poindexter was awarded the Dis- tinguished Flying Cross. On the evening of 10 August the ships retired again for fueling, but by this time there was but one item of conver- sation throughout the Topeka. A stateside radio news broadcast had told first of the Russian entry into the war, then of the devastating atomic bomb, and finally of the re- ported Japanese offer to surrender, which was supposed to have been transmitted to the U. S. and British governments through a neutral. Shortly after that, another report made the first official. Then there was no further news for a couple of days. But the ship was bright with jubilation for the long days of darkness seemed nearly at an end. With ine contempt for the Japanese efforts to extricate themselves short of unconditional surrender, Task Force 38 struck furiously at Tokyo again on 13 August, rested on 14 August, and that night moved back into position for another attack on 15 August. Meanwhile, newsbroadcasts from the states crackled with facts, rumors, speculation and hope. The Allied govern- ments had answered Tokyois plea for peace with a defiant reiteration that only unconditional surrender-specifically, an Allied Supreme Commander to whom the Emperor would be subservient-could bring an end to the holocaust which was crushing Japan. The world was awaiting the Japanese response, and in the little part of the world aboard the Topeka all the emotions that had been released by the earlier announcements were being held in check amid the deafening quietness which fell over the ship. At dawn on the-15th, the first wave of planes was launched, and the second. Before they reached their targets, the great news broke over the Task force like a tropical storm and the planes were recalled. Aboard the Topeka, men were going wild, singing, yelling, whistling and danc- ing. On the battle stations and living compartments, on the forecastle and in the wardroom, the word was the same: 26 ll J THE AHMIHAI. AND THE CAPTAIN . Y h . ' I f. 1 , , . i . . ,f f 1 .- , 4 Very Businesslike Too . . . i The war is over -we're going home!! And in the quieter, reflective after glow, men thanked God for the end of the bloodshed and maiming and killing. 54' 42 41- 62 QE The shooting was not quite over-some of the Jap pilots apparently failed to get the word. For the next three days, Task Force 38 cruised in an area southeast of Tokyo and several Jap planes spotted near the formation were shot down by the combat air patrol and by the ship's anti-air- craft batteries. After 18 August however, no more enemy planes were seen. Acting on instruc.tions, the Topeka had meanwhile or- ganized' a landing party to go ashore in Japan to secure naval bases and air strips prior to the landing of the occu pation troops. The Topeka's landing party consisted of Commander Becker, Lieutenant Willis, Marine Lieutenant Joens, the Topekais detachment of Marines numbering 41 men, and one yeoman. These men boarded the APA Garrard, on 19 August, and on 30 August, after being delayed by the ty- phoons, went ashore shortly after the fourth Marine Com- bat Team which had hit the beach in full battle dress pre- pared for any emergency. The Topeka's landing party, therefore, was among the first American troops to occupy Japan. Immediately upon landing, the battalion of which the Topeka's group was a part moved to secure the Yokosuka air strip, which they held throughout the signing of the surrender and until relieved by the Fourth Marines. At no time did they encounter any resistance from the Japanese and on'8 September they returned to the Topeka, loaded with souvenirs and tall stories. The next four weeks were the longest in the short history of the ship. From the 20th to the 23rd the ship received fuel, supplies and passengers for transfer to other ships, was detached from Task Group 38.1 and joined Task Group 38.3, and cruised about in an area 180 miles southeast of Tokyo. On the 23rd the Task Group headed west to patrol the area south of central Honshu. Arriving in the desig- nated area uStripes'i, it was learned that two typhoons were moving toward the group from the south, one slightly West and the other slightly east. It was impossible to avoid the outer perimeter of both typhoons, and as a result the Topeka put in a few very rough days with the ship wallowing in the heavy seas and several cases of seasickness were observed. It was notable, however, that the quaking seaman who once turned an un- healthy green at the thought of rough seas now treated the subject with a heavy-handed variety of light humor. The typhoon was no picnic, nevertheless-the raging seas bat- tered the forward end of the aircraft carrier Waspis flight deck until it curled like a split dandelion stem. For the balance of the month the Topeka along with the other ships of Task Group c.ontinued to patrol area f'Stripes,', furnishing air-sea rescue destroyers and combat air patrol over the direct route between Okinawa and Tokyo. Concrete evidence that the war was really over was sup- plied on 31 August when the first big group of officers and men with sufficient points for discharge were detached from the ship and put aboard other ships for transfer back to the States. For those who remained aboard, the routine was be- coming somewhat deadly-other ships were participating in the big events in connection with the occupation and sur- render while the Topeka patrolled area HStripes". The first two weeks of September offered no change. The Task Group continued to patrol its area while planes from the carriers were observing and making food drops on prisoner-of-war camps on Honshu. On 7 September the landing party returned to the ship after having spent three weeks at the Yokosuka Naval Base. And a few days later the ship was ordered to Tokyo Bay for upkeep and recre- ation. On 16 September the Topeka anchored in Tokyo Bay. The home waters of a Japanese Navy that had perished in a vain attempt to enslave the world. rippled around count- less units of the victorious United States Navy. The Topeka had been underway for 77 consecutive days, from the day the anchor was hoisted at Leyte until it dropped in Tokyo Bay. It had been a long, hard stretch. but liberty in Japan was now on tap. J Every day about 300 men went ashore in Yokosuka. Yokohama, or Tokyo, and what they saw filled them with mingled. pride, regret and saympathy. Great areas of the cities were completely burned out, people were living in shacks hung together with the wreckage, few automobiles were on the streets, trains and street cars were bursting with humanity, stores were very nearly empty of goods' to sell. virtually 100 percent of the men and boys wore bedraggled uniforms of some sort, and with the exception of the very young, all the women had the same look of resignation. despair and utter weariness on their faces. The demand for cigarettes and candy was incredible'-a pack of American cigarettes brought as much as 30 yen, two dollars, in a street corner trade. bartering though forbidden, flourished on side streets. The Japanese, except for those who wanted to trade. seemed to maintain an impassive resigned calm amid the hordes of sailors and soldiers. The hunt for souvenirs was unflagging, and the items brought back to the ship to be treasured and cherished in years to come ranged from the sublime to the ridiculous. Liberty in Japan was as if a country carnival, an Arabian Night and Macyis base ment had been scrambled up and left to untangle themselves amid the ruins of the Tower of Babel-and overtones of de- caying fish. The Topeka remained in Tokyo Bay for two weeks, with liberty parties every day, and those remaining on board cleaning. painting and repairing the ship. On September the news which was perhaps even more gladly received than the end of the war was broadcast over the loud speaker: The Topeka would be back in the United States for Navy 'Day on 27 October. If not more important it was certainly the perfect sequel to the peace news, and once again the men who had resigned themselves to remaining in the Pacific for an indefinite period. went wild with joy. if if s E l l 1 t -.1 -4 1 I 1 E l t 1 t I t t 1 l The Admiral and His Chief of Staff Nothing Wrong . . . We Hope, Sir . . . ' 1X Time passed quickly now. Nothing seemed so important as going home. On lt October the Topeka in company with carriers and destroyers steamed out of Tokyo Bay bound for Okinawa to pick up 550 passengers to take back to the States. This necessitated a certain amount of crowding but no one really cared. On 6 October the ship left Okinawa and headed for the United States. Word was passed that leave would be granted in the States, and as the information filtered down from higher commands, it was learned that the ship was to go directly to Portland, Oregon, remain there for the Navy Day ceremonies, then move to San Pedro, California, for at least two months, during which everyone would get 30 days leave. It was a happy ship that steamed eastward over the North Pacific Ocean. On 19 October in the early dawn the ship made a land- fall near the mouth of the Columbia River, the first sight of the United States in over seven months, and that after- noon she eased up against a dock in Portland. The war was won, and the men were back home. Though they had been among the last to arrive at the battle front, the Topeka and her men played their assigned part and played it well. They were a credit to the United States Navy, to themselves and to the people they came from and represented. It was the end of a story and the end of an era. 30 7, W We ,,f fy -fr X- ,f 44 fs , Uur Smokers Were Famous . . . Our Boxers Were Good Well . . . Yougd Be Tired Too ff, Wx f wWf,W X , -- N 1 ' lk, J My ,f ' Q NWNM E R' ht th -f , V f MQW-3 5 Q f 1 lg on e X K' 5 X 7 X V Mfyi' -1 1 . f f Adams- pp 0 I Right in the Eye . . . ,ft M. "wk 4 . 0 ,wwf ,y lets, f Z , MSA ,E 1 .Q I , Q ,Mi f if mi X E fi 1g,,N,,4, y ,,,7'l,'Z ,ze -Wg, 'Q 4, . fgzgz 'ffixlff .lv 'yn-J, , , , .- ,Nye ,,,, X, I Sn. ,f , , Encore Sitting Down ..... No G0 . . We Still Could Not Keep Our Eyes on Her Hands This Was Easier . . . Why Commander! . Hawaiian Torch Singer Scorching One .... Some People Never Miss Not Even When Birthdays are Lost At the Date line . . . Swimming Call . . Everybody In Mighty Nice . . If You Like It l ,. Y Y - --Vsshizla,-.11 ' HUT... All Wag Not ,lust Fun and Frolic Raising the Battle Flag . . . We,re in the War! 37 -,law Going Up . . Going . . . Going . . Long May She Wave . . . , Q The Fleet Warmly Welcomes A Kamakazi Nice Shooting . . But Heis Still Coming In w----V -' - 'ffm-Y' 1-'----'--W --A' V 55 -rw i . -,,-fm.--. ., ,,,, .-,,.,, ...,. 1 h, He's Out of Control . . W'e Hope S plashed One 4 1 1 Could the Admiral Complain A Beautiful Maneuver Off Like a Bird . . the Hard Way i 556, in A Like an Inert Thing . . But Safe . . and Home Again Helping a Rescued Wounded British Flyer Aboard . And Another f ' 5 x if . Hy' The Rescuing Pilot With Touseled Hair Talks It Over Thanks Pal! . . . With a Toothsome British Smile .1-,,-.,.. The Rescuer Stands Between The Admiral Pins on a Well Deserfved Distinguished Flying Cross 53 0 0 O E 4 rs -iuzgzcn-z.z,. ,,,Y, Y,-k L,J2'r.e2'g-g""561': 1?E.'54?1JFT .- L- As We All Stand at Attention on the Fantail 3-ff V H oly, Holy, ,f Holy, Lord God, Almighty QW? 4.iQmx9,.lM Strong Men Bowed Their Heads in Prayer . . 'c0ur Father 6cBlest Be the Tie that Binds . i,.-A-+3-'A , , V-..-. f,- z.:L.4J.J..-,g.,L .- -.:,.i:raggi+i3g.3.f-T., For Relaxation Sunbathing But No Relaxation Here for the Officer 0 f the Deck . 1751 The Wind Howled and the Sea Ruged . . And There We Were . Right in the Middle of A Typhoon We Were Lucky Thafs About All the Damage There Was . . l X 1 wi 2 5 1 E u J f t News .wDlYe onggnnna nnagz1Anogu fsmezs Warm ,gggsvs mu ampar- r cry ts ours JAPA9 Svmswwns Ye Mofianmwf Main: agwmrmaahod Hwvubala This one Explains modem df Cavan MJ: 1..wa6Ma,va5, of tfalivanafhwy Itself . . . Cbmnvandfmwlxcf qv the 0.8.8. TGFEKA as tho Ccnmwmw 169116 rlefdfbidw Scisiwlf M00 1, af av I 4 ky . 3 1 3, 14015109 me dwpafclse that tanmgsgfwld' Ng japan-fs wgadw t wmdd wrnwvvf. The Great Announcement The japanese Have Quit But japan Had to be Occupied . . Our Marines Were Ready . And So They Go ..... L' vvvvr - -v r 'pf' fi x NR x K , ' ml 1 X X -x .x f S 5: ?S ' A Q' :Q ,, gf, L . V : 1 , i FW Like This ,V With Willing Hands To Help HT LAST! It All Became Official When Admiral Nimitz Signed for the United States 53 why:-e-1-Y' ..'1:.m:-.5211-F-3?f,'v.?gffI.P ,-2 4152! So We Celebrated The Chaplain Cutting Cake . . . With Grimaces Uf Course the Cake Was Only Trimmins ' The Ufficers Were Not Glam . . . Neither Were the Chiefs Even the Admiral And the Captain . i ..m.,.'ac. :':"'f1'xr:vt"zTT,'f While the Band Played Un . . . Even the Cooks Didn't Mind . . Drumsticlcs and A Smile . . . .4 Q. K , W D A ' 8 5 ' he 0 'A 6 ' . 1 CD b . C5 Q . 3 m . . , fb , 6 if - --f' 4,,,.r L"A ' A - H ' 'Q ' A',A ' 4 l Q ' f-gg No Une Mzssed Thzs Celebiatwn And The: e Wei e M01 e 1 I i Y Some Soon Went Home . . i I . I I I 5 N if 1 1 il M With Honors L F 5 E s , . I for a Chief I 1 31 Years Qi Service . 1 2 WllI'S . L I Japanese Fishermen Greet V Us as We Enter 3 Tokyo Bay The Clouds Parted . . And There Was Fujiama . . d .5 4 f A , v w, f ""l1f? ff 2 'V QZVFV' 77,175 .1 'gms 3 I DE Eg. i u S Z 5 ' 'Tl px. ,-N: if ,SX 41 2, . ws I S 2 Q , - 1375 ff "" I- Q- fat ISIWR , KX.. ,, Q rf IQ ' sg , N X- , x- 1 , H: 1 , I A ,, 9514 gy V YA-4254? ff Lcbifmyw ' mzfgfw f aw x .. 4 V670 M A, Q42-My fa' We f ,, K X , , f gpww ,..,.,.f....,. 3 f f A ,I t. 6 Q K g ,M 5 Qi ' 29, ,ff ia' ,wff,. . W, x W 5 E , E5 L L 2 V W S16 532 s Jing ZQQ1,f',', Yf 5 xii? NJ! . iv ff ' ,AW -2 .S 3,1 5 imvawaa ,wma W MNA Anyone who has served on a ship knows the truth of an old sailors' saying that a ship has a so11l. An old chief who had served on many ships during his navy career said that the Topeka was a thoroughbred from the start and always would be. The soul of a ship is what her officers and men make it. It is a spirit, an esprit de corps. There are friendly ships and unfriendly ships, efficient and inefficient ships. clean and dirty, good feeders and poor, sharp ships and indolent ships. She is like people having that mysterious thing called personality. She is attractive or unattractive, and as inex- plicable so as any person. She has that certain something or she does not. As we said her personality comes from her men. lt is not anything the shipbuilders can give her. Ships? com- panies are different so ships are different. The thing we are talking about usually starts at the top with the Captain and the Executive officer. The first skipper, exec, and crew give the ship her soul which is mighty hard to change for good or bad thereafter. The Topeka was a champion at the start with Captain Thomas L. Wattles as her commanding officer, and Comman- der 0. H. Dodson as her Executive Officer, with a ward- room and compartments full of eager, smart, and energetic American youngsters. Youngsters is right, too, because the average age of the officers hardly touched twenty five, and the men's was barely twenty. The story of the Topeka officers and men is really amaz- ing. The large majority of the officers were civilian reserv- ists. Many of them were bearrdless collegiates who had never been to sea. The others were professional and busi- ness men, some long in the war, and veterans of many sea campaigns all over the lworld when they reported for duty to the Topeka. The men, too, were mostly civilians, from everywhere, and nowhere, with conglomerate and varied occupations that more than rivaled the officers'. Most of the men were high school graduates. There were a few collegiates, and a number of college graduates. One man had been a high school principal, one edited a mag- azine, another was a successful artist, others were farmers, ranchers, glass blowers, policemen, clerks, accountants, draftsmen, printers, photographers, musicians, newspaper reporters, radio announcers, and entertainers. Some were rich and some were poor, but most of them came from the substantial American middle class homes. They came from nearly every state in the Union, though the preponderant majority was from the East coast. The men from New England and the Middle Atlantic States out- numbered those from any other section. A slightly larger number came from the cities than from the towns and country. But the score was surprisingly close. There were Protestants, Catholics, Jews, Agnostics, and Atheists, in that order as far as numbers were concerned, and about in the same proportion as the population of the 66 East from which most of them came. As a perfect cross section of American manhood, the crew had as many national and racial backgrounds as there are nations and races in the world. If all the men who were bilingual had spoken their second languages in concert there would have been greater confusion aboard the Topeka than occurred at the Tower of Babel. Russian, Philipino Czech, German, Spanish, French, Swedish, Hebrew, and Japanese, are some of the languages spoken-while every dialect of English from broad Oxfordian and Boston Ameri can counterpart to the throaty mid-western of the great plains, up-state New York twang, soft Southern drawl, and the inimitable Brooklynese afforded a daily linguistic sym phony beyond musical comparison. The menis names were American to a syllable, Smith Llewllyn, etc, etc. There were tall men and short men, lean and fat, light and dark. The average Topeka sailor about five feet ten inches tall, weighed about 160 pounds, was fair with light brown hair, more than likely curly, and blue eyes. He was a handsome lad which was attested to by the uncommon at tention he received from the young fairer sex wherever he went. He jitter-bugged and Zombied with usual American zest and agility, while he was serious about his work and ambitious for promotion and advancement. His favorite pastime aboard ship was sleeping-according to his own unblushing account. His favorite movie star was as likely to be Bing Crosby as Hedy Lamar-which should give Hedy something to worry about, and the producers something to think about. His choice of authors ran the gamut from Burroughs to Shakespeare, and magazines from Pic to Mercury. On the average he read twenty magazines and two books a month. As a sportsman he was more of a participant than a spec tator. His favorite-right in the American tradition--was baseball. He played the game with average skill, and lots of pep. The whole truth is that he was a seasonal sports enthusiast. In the summer it was baseball,,tennis, golf swimming, in the fall football and hunting, in the winter skiing and ice skating, in the spring fishing. He handled his fists- fearlessly, developed a better than average boxing team, was an inveterate fight fan, and gave his team active as well as articulate support. The fact is that you know this man very well. He may be your son, brother or sweetheart. He may be the father of some of you old enough to read. All of you have met him on the street in his disheveled school attire looking as irre sponsible as an ancient ant-eater. Or he is the boy who de livered your paper, getting it to your door with a bang just after the clang of the milkman had half brought you to unwilling consciousness. It may be that he was the milk man. He could have been the kid who cut your lawn--as grudgingly as you work for your own dollars-or washed your car, or fixed your favorite sundae or ushakei' at the Brown, Jones, Love, Lopez, Cohen, Mashinski, Dwyer, 'Thi 77,7 Y .- K ...H ,.. ...,.-.,..Y.Y,. any W- -T315,r+3377-33-I-V r v - -A-fl 1--V-lqfi-ug Every Where Men at Work . . and the Ubiquitous Coffee . . Skill and Machines to Make Anything The Machine Shop . . . l 'cSweet Tooth Emporium" downtown. All the men were not youngsters, of course. Even some of them who we-re quite young had long been shouldering responsibilities as heavy as any you know. They really ranged in age from 16 - and maybe younger - to 39. Many of them were family men with from one to six children. One oldster of twenty-six received word while we were at sea fighting the enemy that his sixth daughter had arrived. He and his wife had been married all of seven years. Such champions make a champion ship. All in all the Topeka family was numerous and scattered all over the world from Australia to the countries of Europe. One of the cooks had a wife in Australia, and a new baby daughter whom, at the end of the war, he had not yet seen. Most of the newer families of the men were living with parents-for the most part perhaps with the girlsi parents. ln more incidents than you would guess, babies 'were born while the fathers were at sea. The most prevalent pin-ups on the Topeka were new babies in their girlish mothers' arms-or those shameless exposures of babies which so de- light parents, especially fathers, and embarrass children at least until they marry and have children of their own. In this matter man seems to learn so little from experience. These pictures play an important role in an unabashed blackmail practice used by every adult generation on the younger. Of course many of the men had already established homes, and were in the process of paying off the mortgage when the war caught them up. They were typical of the American places of which we are justly very proud-full of modern gadgets that make the American wife several grades higher than a slave, and giving evidence at every turn of the handiness and loving concern of her husband. He had that way about his work, whether he liked it or not, which astonishes people of every other country, and leads to some of the grossest misunderstandings about Americans and their country. Work to him is always at once a pleasure and a drudge so that he always appears to be fighting it or playing with it. And even when he fights he plays. It never seems that he is taking the thing serious- ly. For this and other reasons a foolish Hitler called him decadent, and the unhumorous Japanese attacked him with a stab in the back. The Japanese must understand by now that they have been defeated by these same irresponsible American youths. But one wonders whether they know, or would believe it if they were told what is the truth, that these men often prayed that enemy planes would come in close enough for some sure shooting-any action even dan- gerous action was preferable to withering boredom. The navy did an astonishingly fine job placing round pegs in round holes. But there are limits to which even psychologists can go. The Topeka did not carry cows S0 one dairy man was an electrican, and another a firecon- trolman. Farmers on the whole seem to be able to do any- thing and everything. For that matter so do soda jerkers, artists, truck drivers, or hobos. The American youth is the most versatile fellow in the world. A sales-manager for a large grocery house was a laundryman, a milkman was an evaporator operator, a building contractor was a cook- a thing We are pledged b'y a sacred oath never to reveal to his wife-an artist was a laboratory technician, a radio an- nouncer and script writer was a sergeant in the marines, a boxer a shipfitter, and so it went throughout the ship, men throwing around talents and skills no one including them- selves evetr knew they had. Naturally there were many career navy men who had been in the servic.e anywhere from five to thirty and more years. They were the cream in the coffee, as one might say, professionals who poured out their Hknow-hown and Hwhatw to the ample amateurs that did everything but out-know them. Add to these the professionals among the officers and the conglomerate amateurs with them and you have the mass- that was moulded into the unbeatable Topeka crew. Nothing was more astounding than the way these men got along with one another in crowded quarters which never offered any privacy, and at times under most tense circum- stances. You would not believe it if we told you that there neve-r was a cross word or a fight. You would be right be- cause it would not be true. There were sharp words at times, but really ver.y few, when men would fly at one an- other with brutal purpose. Even loving brothers do that at times, and that was about how it was. They were friends before they fought, while they fought, and after they fought. For instance here is a conversation between the Chaplain and one of the men whose one eye looked the worse for wear. '6Fight, son?" HYes, Padre." 4'Did you hit him back?" '4Yes, sir". 4'Did you shake hands when it was over?,' f'Oh, yes sirn. MOK, sonw. A spirit of genuine and warm camaraderie pervaded the ship from stem to stern within departments and as well be- tween departments. There was good natured rivalry for excellent performance, but the height of pride was in the ship and not in any single department. lt is pretty hard to compare the excellence of a cake with perfect gunnery, which is a very helpful factor in the cause of peace. Rivalry is a good thing but cooperation is absolutely necessary in the operation of a fighting ship. Our young Americans seemed to come by cooperation as naturally as they did their spirited love of contest. Willing helpful hands constantly tested your own initiative and ambition. They were attracted to undermanned jobs like ants to sugar. Of c.ourse there were slackers and gold-brickelrs, but they were too small a minority to set the tone of the crew. Many of them were shamed, cajoled, and disciplined to some gen- uine, or at least a semblance, of willing effort. Even the hardest could not forever withstand the pervading spirit. On one occasion a large numbelr of the men were taken suddenly and violently ill-it was something they ate-and before anyone could snap his fingers electricians, shipfit- ters, radio technicians, cooks et al became working hospital corpsmen. They stood by their buddy-patients doing some of the most unpleasant jobs imaginable in spite of the fact that they had had very little sleep for days, could have had some then, and had little promise of any for some time to c.ome. But that was only typical of what was going on in the ship every hour of every day. It is no wonder that the men who have served aboard the Topeka mention her with an inflection that denotes and at times oozes affection. 68 I ' UMW fn?-rc, V Ar H-"wh V V.,,,,,,w.-.v...,.,? 1,,:f,.,......-n ---' ---1-fu-ref The Weather is More Than A Topic of Conversation for the Aerographer . . Service With A Smile . . and Anything You Want at the Store . . . Bargains Every Day . . . II An Admiral entertained at one of the wardroom parti6S remarked that a good ship is always a hard working and hard playing ship. And he went on to say that he knew that the Topeka was just that. We can take that for an out- line for the rest of our story and show the men of the Topeka hard at work and hard at play. Work, of course, was our chief occupation. It all started months before and continued at Newport and Quincy where the men were given additional training. Most of them were called on to learn new techniques and to develop utterly new skills. They attended schools morning, noon and night at Newport, while the men at Quincy swarmed the ship learn- ing her mechanical innerds while she was being built. The first days were hectic and chaotic, though the Navy with its usual efficiency had injected a semblance of order that was gradually to be fully realized in a comparativel'y short time. Urgency marked every single effort. The times were urgent with the incompatibles, speed and thoroughness, re- quired of everything and everyone. The stor.y of the crew really began as early as the spring of 1944- when the first ofiicers and men reported for duty at the Quincy yard. At that time some of the men who were to become members of the crew were far in the Pacific desperately fighting a very determined, strong, and far from beaten foe. Others were at death grips with the European enemy on the Atlan- tic and inthe Mediterranean. They were brightening days but still dark enough to be disquieting to any but the in- different. Most of the men, and we mean by that about eighty per cent of them, were still in school or engaged in their civilian occupations. By the time the ship was launched in August they were in the throes of boot training being hard- ened, trained, and shuffled for their naval careers. The ship was commissioned in December, and the crew that was not in lVla'y, that was so many unrelated and in- experienced boots in August, and was in parts scattered all over the world even as late as September and October, was integrated and ready at least to sail the ship when it went aboard to take over for the Navy on the day of commission- ing at the Boston Navy Yard. It was an amazing feat of training and organization that warrants oceans of praise for the men of the Navy who had persevered against most dis- heartening odds and downright ignominy and disapproba- tion during the hectic decades of the twenties and thirties. The cry for ships and men came from the Pacific in an ever increasing crescendo. By the first of the year, 19415, the Naval leaders smelling victory and as eager for it as a hound dog after rabbits were planning the daring Naval strategy that was to pound the Japanese to submission not more than seven and a half months later. But in the ofiing were Iwo Jima and Okinawa which called for everything the Navy had and could muster. The officers and men of the Topeka knew that they were racing against time and victory. There was the urge to get there, an urge that be- came intense as time went on. There was a great new American Navy in the Pacific, greater than the world had ever seen before. It was a real- - ..,. ffm, , the dreams of littler people, and it was still ity beyond I . th increasing acceleration. What a disheartening growing wi sight to a treacherous foe who thought they had left our Navy an irrecoverable wreck in the shallow waters of Pearl Harbor! But the American Navy never was her ships, hulks of steel that can be shattered, burned, and sunk, but her men and their indomitable spirits, and their soaring dreams. After the commissioning the men of the Topeka worked with zeal and a will to make her good enough for a place in the great Pacific fleet that by its prowess, daring, and courage had already indelibly insc.ribed its name in glory on the pages of Naval warfare. But the goal so consumately to be desired was not easy to win. There would be test after test and trial upon trial that would call for perfection of performance of all departments which the oflicers and men knew they were not then capable of giving. The race began as soon as the men went aboard on a cold bleak New England winter's day that by the calendar was December 23, 1944. Only men of experience and vision could see this ship and crew ready to take its place with veterans in battle action within six months. But that is the record that was made, and let it be said that the Topeka was not the only American fighting ship to make such a record. But that she was among those that did will bea matter of great pride to every man who helped her do it, and those who will serve in her so long as she remains an active ship of the United States Navy. The work involved in this enormous task was prodigious. The engineering department with its divisions and sub- divisions was best prepared at the start to take over its duties. At least they were able to steam the ship within several days after the commissioning. That was due to the fact that many of the leading men of the department had been at Quincy while the ship was under construction and had had the opportunity of living with the equipment daily as it was installed. Even so there was little experience in operating such a gigantic and intricate plant-engines that would develop more than 110,000 horsepower under steam pressures and temperatures that most of the men had never heard of let alone handled. There were innumerable valves, switches, and throttles that had to be knowingly and carefully ma- nipulated. There were giant generators, producing up to 4110 volts of electricity that ran hundreds of motors fed by an intricate pattern of wires that were strung along bulk- heads and decks, an automatic telephone system and various other ship's communication systems, to be operated and maintained in efficient operating condition. Then there were the gyro-compasses and steering mechanisms, the lighting system, and many other things like the Ventilating system, fans, and water plant, too numerous to mention. All of this equipment, absolutely necessary to the life of the men and the efficient operation of the ship, depended for value on the ability of certain men to run and maintain it, men who five and six months before were in school, on farms, in offices and factories, doing anything and everything but running ships. And they did itl Again and again in these pages we will sing that refrain. They did it! 70 , . , , v - ., The Cobbler Plies His Ancient Trade . . . W W ,,.:af' 1S41Z fl V311 Q' M . X Payday . . and Never a Miss, W01'king for Uncle Sam . . 'V W ,,, 5:3 W.. an W f 5' J Sv Y 7 sw -ZCEGQ llzmmmse .s S They did it in the engineering department and in every other department, the supply department, the gunnery de- partment, the C. and R. department, the navigation, the communications, and the medical departments. Men in the supply department worked day and night ac- cumulating, transporting, taking aboard, and stowing, cata- loging and inventorying, the things the men and the ship would require for months to come. There were materials, tools and parts for the shipfitters, carpenters, electricians, evaporator men, construction and repair men of the hull department, the aviation unit with its three planes, the radio, radar, and telephone specialists, supplies for the laundry, the stores, the soda fountain, the barber shop, cobbler's shop, tailor's shop, the bakery, and the six galleys. Then there were the office supplies and print shop requirements, paper, ink, staples, cutters, typewriters, pens, pencils, clips, erasers, sponges, etc, etc ad infinitim. The supply department is operational as well as acquisi- tive. It is the accounting, pay, and banking department with its depository, trusts, allotments, claims, and foreign exchange divisions. It operated the six galleys in which a mountain of food was cooked three times a day to feed a city of ravenously hungry officers and men. It baked the bread, pies, cakes, rolls, and cookies that the men con- sumed by the tons daily. It mended their shoes in the cob- bler shop, pressed their clothes in the tailor shop, cut their hair in the barber shop, made their ice cream and served them sodas and cokes at the ugedunk standv, washed and ironed their clothes in the laundry, sold them cigarettes, cigars, candy, writing paper, fountain pens, soap, razors and razor blades, jewelery, tooth brushes and paste, in the ships store, and shoes, socks, underwear, caps, suits, hand- kerchiefs, in the small stores. If the Army travels on its stomach, the Navy floats on its. The food supply for thirty days on the Topeka amounted to 90 tons. When Turkey crowned the menu for one meal the cooks prepared half a ton of the holiday birds. With that would be consumed half a ton of potatoes, and '70 gal- lons of ice cream. The food bill for the men of the Topeka was more than a quarter of a million dollars a year. So far as the stores were concerned it was entirely a buy- ers market. In an average month the crew bought 32,000 packs of cigarettes, 19,000 cigars, 25,000 candy bars, and nearly 82,000 worth of ice cream and cokes. The men of the navigation department handled the actual operation of the ship underway, necessitating a high order of proficiency and alertness. The careful use of instruments and new skills had to be mastered by 'continual study and practice. K Men of the deck divisions doubled in gunnery and sea- manship. The ship existed and operated to shoot its guns with deadly accuracy. Not only the life of our ship depend- ed on the accuracy of our gunners, but in this modern air war where we operated primarily as protectors of our great air craft carriers, their safety as well. Long periods of op- erating at sea called for many frequent refueling and re- supplying details at sea which required seamanship of the' highest order. While everything was running quite normally for war time operations men of the C and R department, under the direction of the First Lieutenant, had to be ready for any emergency such as fire, hits by shells, torpedoes, and kama- kazis, or magazine explosions, and a thousand and one things that can happen to a ship in action that would jeopardize its safety, the lives of the men, and its efficient functioning. The medical department operated day and night guard- ing the health of the men, healing their hurts, performing minor and major feats of surgery, and tending the hospital- ized sick. lt had to be ever ready for any emergency, always on the alert to stay the progress of epidemic, and handle and treat the wounded in case of battle casualities. Corpsmen were trained in routine hospital technics such as nursing, surgical assistants, laboratory technicians, dental assistants, etc. . In wartime ships operate in formations. The formations are changed with the conditions the group or fleet encoun- ters. Sometimes they change regularly on a time schedule. Then again conditions arise that were unforseeable and the changes must be made on a split second command from the group commander. All of this calls for accuracy in com- munications involving every device for relaying messages and information ever invented and used by man from hand signals and mirrors reflecting the light of the sun to the most modern and intricate equipment such as radio of every kind and various kinds of radar. There was equipment aboard the Topeka that had only recently come from the scientist's laboratories. But with its installation came officers and men who had already been trained in its use and main- tenance. Many more young men learned under the tutelage of these specialists. , On a cruiser airplanes are an arm of the gunnery depart- ment. Their maintenance and operation called for a large staff of aviators and technicians. You read in one of the chapters of part 1 about Ensign Poindexter's heroic rescue of two British flyers. But he was not alone. With him were three other pilots, brave men everyone, and a host of avia- tion technicians who kept the planes in perfect condition. And speaking of gunnery: it is not just shoving shells into guns and pulling the triggers. That is about how quick- ly the firing is performed, but that is only because there are hundreds of officers and men who do complicated and dan- gerous maneuvers, feats of brain and brawn, with the ut- most care, agility, speed, and precision, as to make it all seem effortless, just like loading a gun and firing it. Many items of information are factors in the problem that must be solved before the gun can be aimed, loaded with fuses properly set, and fired with any assurance of hitting the target. And you must keep in mind that the target is more than likely traveling at a speed of three hundred and more miles an hour. It must be evident to everyone by this time that training and practice are two of the most important functions of a staff aboard a fighting ship. The schools ashore do excel- lent preliminary jobs, but that is only a bare beginning. It took six months of constant teaching and ractice aboard , an P Shlp to make the Topeka capable of going into battle with 72 2 How D0 You Feel Today With Salfves and Pills, and Wondrous Skills . . The Sick Bay . . . ---Q-w--.nqwnq-,--'nr ....:,. W., .,.,,Y ,,,,,',, ,..L. -- . -'...... .A-.fl - -I V.-,.:f,,: Ji Ah . . Cherry, Cakes Ice Cream . . . Never a Dry Moment. any degree of certainty that she would perform with pre- scribed efficiency. Training and teaching were not left to chance. It is far too important for that. Training is a function of the Cap- tain and every officer and man aboard. Topping this con- tinuing program was the Captain. Then came the Executive officer who delegated most of the programls administration to an officer who was designated Education Officer. Every division and assistant officer were his instructors. The re- sults of the program aboard the Topeka can be judged from the promotions in rates the men achieved during the year. -Eiucation in the Navy reached beyond the frontiers of training for technical proficiency in any or all of the cog- nate trades and professions. Men studied prescribed courses in almost any subject, for credit toward a high school di- ploma or a college degree, or for no more apparent reason than the evident one that the man wanted to learn. Men and officers with the technical know-how and the theoretical knowledge of whatever subject were always ready to tutor the ambitious students. And for subjects in which many men were interested, regular classes were held. It was through the education office that the men were constantly kept informed of the rights and privileges that were accruing to them with the passage of one and another of the GI legislative bills. There was an earnest effort on our part to direct the minds of the men toward what was best for them as individuals. This, of course, necessitated spending many hours in interviews with the men, for the most part, singly. Nothing of a manis requirements was neglected. Provi- sions were made for his physical and mental welfare and progress. But that was not all, his spiritual life was seri- ously taken into account, while the Navy did all it could to kindle it and keep it bright by providing the services of a Chaplain. It so happened that during the first year of the Topeka's history she had two Chaplains both of whom were Protestants. All groups were ministered to, and every pro- vision for worship according to a man's conscience or train- ing was made regularly and as frequently as circumstances allowed. And that is not all the Chaplain did. For the most part he had his nose in almost everything that might have effected the men in any navy. Their private and domestic troubles were his concern, primarily because of the confi- dence the men usually have in the Chaplain. Then there was the matter of recreation from education, and reading, to sports, sightseeing trips, concerts, sing-songs, shows, picnics, and their own Magazine. It will not be mere digression to get away from the work and training of the men. Sports and fun were never con- sidered minor matters aboard the Topeka. There was al- ways the conception of doing a thing well whether it was a party and ball game on Mog Mog or a formal dance at the Ritz. All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. There was no inordinate amount of play aboard the Topeka-there was not time for that. But .lack of the Topeka was any- thing but dull. He was sharp, he looked sharp, and acted sharp. He worked hard and he played hard. He was en- dowed with as many talents for entertainment and play as for work. His tastes in music ran from Waller to Wagner. Every compartment was equipped with an electric record player that was allowed to cool off only at night. The ship was well stocked with all kinds of records, thanks to our many friends in Topeka, Kansas. But the men did not rely on records for all their music. The Admiralis orchestra was an excellent musical outfit and played sweet and swing to the thorough enjoyment of everyone. Besides the profes- sionals there were many amateurs who played well on any and every instrument from electric guitars to sweetpotatoes. Groups naturally formed and performed formally and in- formally whenever the occasion called for the lighter mood. Singers abounded everywhere. Every division and com- partment had its minstrels-that ancient order of men who originate and sing their ditties and parodies as the moods and circumstances dictate. There is very little room aboard a cruiser for the prac- tice of sports. There was room for boxing, and that proved to be the major sport at sea. There were not many oppor- tunities for matches. After all we were fighting a war and we spent long stretches at sea. But when we spentt any time in port we had smokers on our own ship or another when our boxing team would meet others. Our team was good, and though we did not win every match, we were never disgraced. We had a couple of boys who could hold their own in the professional ranks. Whenever the men could go ashore they played football, basketball, and baseball. There were several team matches at ports in the Pacific. The ship was always well equipped with athletic gear of. all kinds. What we did not have the shore bases were prepared to issue. That was just another indication of the Navy's concern for the welfare of the men. The Topeka was a first class party ship. It started in Boston with two magnificent parties that closely followed the commissioning. The great success of the affairs was due to the fact that the Topeka men enjoyed being together. The major entertainment feature was the movies. There was a show almost every night-even when we were in the forward area-. The ship had her share of poor pictures, but the system of distribution was unexcelled. Real live shows were pretty scarce for us. It was not the fault of the entertainment world that provided many and good shows for the men all over the world. The Topeka just missed. But there were-two native shows that thorough- ly entertained the men, a Hula show in Hawaii, and a Phil- ipino troupe at Leyte. Both played aboard the ship to a great crowd of appreciative sailors. III The war is over, and only one man of the Topeka will not return. She has been a fortunate ship, but she is a good ship because she has good men and good leadership. As this is written there are changes everywhere. Many of the old faces are gone. New men have come to take their places. There is much that is not the same aboard the good ship Topeka. But that is the way it should be-so long as the spirit of the old men is not lost, the spirit that made the Topeka a champion. ' 74- To Give .Us .All .That Smart Topeka Look The Presser i Temperature Normal . . How's Your Pulse . . Up Tomorrow A Stitch in Time . . the Tailor . . With So Nimble Fingers . . But Shed a Tear . . Onions Will the Next Appear . Potatoes Now Black Gang Sailors in a Fire Room . . . Cigars Denote Babies or Advancement . . . Wanna Bet . . A Strong Back and a Soft . . Real Sailors At Work . . . The Chiefs Eat Well and Imagine . . . a for Sailors . . Illaririe Cook The Dough- Boys Were Sailors Too . . 'Bread for Hungry M ouths The Butchers Had No Point Troubles . . . Name Your Poison . . . ice Cream, Sundae, Soda Pop . . sw V gay, S 6 Sv just What Does A Sailor Have for a Stomach . . From Morn To Night the Cooks Do Slave . . , Gadgets, and Wheels, Buzzers and Bells . . . An Engine Room Watch . . . ,H ,,. ---.........-- The Payline Again . . . We Love That Picture . . . We All Loved the Mail and the Mailmen ,..., -.-qgzzx-f:'x::,:':.1:t: iw- A V- 1 Y ! E A Q '1-mpgs" They Printed Everything But Money . . . Charting the Course . . . Shooting Butts To Shooting Star . . a Mere Nothing for the Navigation Department . . Small Arms the Kind Not Usually Asso ciated With The Armory Keep 'em Flying . . and They Did . I the Hangar Deck . Sailors . . . ., . - .YVY ..-.:-wr'-J.r.:YL -11 V f- .-,- fwf-1,955 Relax? of Course. In the Crews Lounge . . . While the Chaplain's Yeoman, the Navigatofs Yeo- man, and the Education Officergs Yeo- man, Slafved Nearby . . . X, . E x' 5 ' , . sf? CH And We Ate And Ate . And Ate . . I A 1 5 ,I Q, 3 3 .1 .4 V ? A 1 .-4 4 3 I 4 3 li lljg EE!! gf ..., -, L .:-'es And This is What We Saw In Tokyo . . . Giving Us Some Indication What We Had Been Fighting For . . A Conquered, Homeless People Always On the Move . A Theatre . . The People Look For Recreation . 83 1 .Wffw x k x Vi ix g, Sr Q2 6 if e N Q N Japanese Women No Long Colorful Kimonos A GJ. Stands Guard at the Palace Entrance Some Beauty There Was Still . . . f , x The Glory is Gone . . the People Swarm the Streets Again . . . i X I .,Jsi....-fL..., , .fri - Happy C Bs Going Home Undressing for the Cleanup . . Then Chow . and. . . CC Going Home Wondrous . Never to be Forgotten Day . . . Home at Last . . . Arriving at Portland, Oregon. K S S- . WS"w , as 24 wk ' v we ' ,ik Km, 'f -141 -wg. X V ' Q I ff ,,.f. S ,, 1. f ' 1 QQ f 'CM xf ' N AH I 5 if F' 'SW Z0 W, 19 . fish A M D f Wx' 4R'V ' ya W W1 f aw W7 IA. fg W ,I X W3 lx ,K x' ' J'-ff if ,M ,X X ' f Ai 'f V 55 " -.-' ' A W - K f ,S 1, X f '97 x jg I Q? Ts - X Qi f b ay f ,f-g y My 59 6-4 M: wwf iw I 1 . Q .5 ix. 0 W Sw M Q Ya 5 I W ! sv 1 A . Qwjk aw , Q "MM f ,N X ' 1? -ns? 1 3 7 7X X. ..- - -fA-v-,v1f- .-.-,-,eff-.E-lt-. rag:':.,,ff,...'..--1:me1..:-xs:,, f . id ai ll Y I I The Admiral Presented A Japanese Bell I li U lx fx 12 I, If I 1 f a 5 l . i i E ui , is F to the City of Portland, Oregon ' F n M r l, E' it r 93 l I I I I I I I 1 AND HEHE WE HHE THE UEEIEEHE I I I I HND MEN I I UE THE U S S TIJPEH!-K EL E7 I I HERB AHMIHAI. EHHI. F. HIIILUEN, U.5.N Commander Cruiser Division 18, and His Staff CAPTAIN THUMA5 L. WATTLES, U.5.N. Commanding Oficer of the U.S.S. T0pekaQ and xHis Heads and Assistant Heads of Departments THE IJFFIIIEHS THE WARRANT UFFIIIEHS THE IIHIEFS THE FI. H THE FIRST DIVISIUN Wb pmkA X M X XX 'N-WNMNX XX Q1 NNZAW v-5rQaAM1fih8eK?v, X if A-AA' THE SEIIU ll DI ISIIJ " M ,, ., , 3 1 1 w , 3 . . N THE THIRD IJIVISIUN THE PUUHTH DIVISIUN THE FIFTH DIVISIUN THE SIXTH DIVISIUN "A" IJIVISIUN - V -.U ,, . rw- wr- 2,1-:sr ---- . I -..W ,,., , .,,..,.- .W ., ,..,,, ...,..... .... . , ..,..... , ., Q- , . ,,X,,,,,pf ...,, .:..m,,.:,.......,,,1...AJf.-.,.,if f4 y .. -M v. ., S1 44 "A" IIIVISIIJ -- ---x,-falliixl 'B" DIVISIUN HI ISIU FN 4.. ., f W ww , FMWQ I-' !-4 O 1 I ' , " i E 3 I u H II" IJIVISIIJN ' Officer? of the ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT Y MH Av., -- - -- --A. . -... ,.., ... -M.--f Y.--..,- -. ..----5-f .. , --Y Y. -4,...--,..,,,?,.,.,..1. -..,,.?,,,,,,, Yi vu Y - DIVISIUN g4 ,W ..7,.- ....?..Wfg-,ff-v W1-1?,f4,.:f.-.T--:iff V at . -, ,- -5--7-7V--,A----- g,ii.",,,,:if13 Y--l-+!fW '-- f-W "E" DIVISIUN W 1 F" DIVISIUN H" DIVISION I" DIVISIUN , 1, ,Wir----4-, - x1L N" nlvlslnm 2 WW A ,, W MW ,, wwf f Q S Q DI ISII1 IIIVISIUN vi .. A .-,.W-:?, V "H" IJIVISIIJN H" IJIVISIIJN S ' f Swv iw A TQ x Z . f . W v 51 - 5 W? Q1 E f Q 7' Q W V ix 0, 4 Q. ' X 5 sy xx Z wma, DI ISIIJ 5" IJIVISIIJN V" DIVISIIJN X" DIVISIIJN 0 THE !'IlHI1NE" IJIVISIUN THE BAND I-I N OO The Muster Hull nf the UPFIEEHS and MEN nf the U.5.5. TUPEHA 19115-1945 THEIHTWEEHS CAPT. T. L. WATTLES COMDR. O. H. DODSON COMDR. C. H. BECKER COMDR. F. G. BENNETT COMDR. E. V. BOGER COMDR. H. M. CAMPBELL LT. CDR. J. J. STILWELL LT. CDR. H. W. SCHLUETER LT. CDR. H. W. GEHMAN MAJOR H. G. GUNTER LT. CDR. H. W. BIESEMEIER . CDR. C. M. WILLIAMS . CDR. R. O. BRACKEN . CDR. W. G. BEHRENS F. T. FANNING . FUDICKAR, JR. . A. FITZ R. R. GATLING LT LT LT LT. CDR. LT. CDR. F LT. CDR. R LT. CDR. LT. CDR. E. J. KLINK LT. R. S. THOMPSON LT. H. S. SHEPHERD LT. H. W. BURCHETT LT. M. T. ANCKER LT. J. E. MACHINSKY LT. J. B. PAYNE LT. J. D. PRICE LT. J. B. KIRBY LT. J. A. CORK P. T. RIGNEY . R. W.. PARTRIDGE . F. T. BRABSON . C. L. WILMOT . F. W. SELL LT. LT . H. C. MASON . W. M. MARTINDALE B. S. WILLIS . O. E. HAEDIKE . B. C. OLLIFF . E. G. SHIELDS . C. F. BOWMAN LT LT LT LT LT LT. LT LT LT LT LT. J. E. MURRAY FLAG REAR ADMIRAL CARL F. HOLDEN CAPT. H. NORGAARD LT. CDR. G. O. HANSEN LT. G. H. FINN LT. R. D. HEAVISIDE LT. J. C. SCOTT 1 30 LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTQS LTKJS ENS. ENS. ENS. ENS. ENS. J J D ? ,v J ? ,n D ? ,P It ? iv ,r D C. D. OLSON R. W. WILSON L. R. JOHNSON . N. HOWE . F. SCHUMAKER J. R. SHANNON R. J. WOODRUFF L. N. JONES V. RESEBURG O B ZEMKE D R F. B. THOMAS T. D. COOKE T. A .COSGROVE A. J. SZIKNEY F. L. TILTON T. M. JOHNSTON ENS. N. ENS. H. W. ARTHUR C SAGER W. FULLER ENS. D. R. KRINSLEY C E F Q D. WILLIAMS H. WILLIAMS HARRILL A JOHNS R. . LT. R. N. JOENS USMC ENS. O. P. GROSS ENS. 1. ENS. W. O. WINGLER ENS. E. BARR ENS. A. M. VALLONE ENS. R. J.-WOLF ENS. W. J. WOODS ENS. H. E. POINDEXTER ENS. H. W. KERFOOT ENS. S. E. BATES ENS. R. D. FULLERTON . E. T. CLARK ENS. T. O. JOHNSTON ENS. M. C. RRITE ENS. R. V. TOWNER ENS S. SWIRE LTfjgJ M. H. SOHRODER Urqjgp E. F. SWANN LTfjgJ O. C. CHAMIS ENS. H. 1. COHEN ENS. O. L. DUHAMEL I I I ,F V 1 1 5 r V Y 1 i 1 l l l A s ABSTON, James Elmer . ADAM, Jack Burner . . ADAMS, George ...... . ADAMS, Raymond Sylvester . . . . ALABRONZINSKI, Zigmund William . . ALBRIGHT, Warren Carl . . ALEXANDER, Harold Edwin ALLEN, William .... ALSOP, William Dean . ALTHOFF, James Ralph . . ALTIERI, Lawrence Carmen . AMBROGIO, Carmen Frank . AMBROSELLI, John Frank . AMODY, Howard Samuel . ANDERSON, Edward George ANDERSON, James Phillipe . ANDERSON, Norman . . ANDERSON, Raymond Otto . ANDERSON, William John . ANDERSON, Woodrow James ANGLIN, James Webb . . ANTONIATO, Victor William APPEL, Sam ..... APPELSON, Lester . . ARMSTRONG, Harold James . ARMSTRONG, Harold Thomas ARMSTRONG, Wayne Edison ARNOLD, Edward Charles . ASH, Cecil Ray .... ASHCRAFT, Ronald Keith . ATHA, Joseph Thomas . . ATTERBERRY, Louie Case, Jr. AUSTIN, John Henry . . . AUTRY, Gerald Barnett . . AVELLAR, Vernon Richard . BACON, Marie Lucien Raymond BAHNER, Harry HRH . . . BAILEY, Clifford Walton . BAILEY, BAILEY, BAKER, BAKER, BAKER, BAKER, BAKER, Finley Ashley . Harold Donald . Henry Calvin . Edward . . . Lamoine Henry . Marion Merle . Raymond Francis BALACKI, Louis Henry . BALAZS, John, Jr. . . . BALDUF, Charles Franklin . BALL, Roy Herman . . . BALLANTYNE, Frederick Clarence . . BALLARD, Harold David . BALLOU, Roland Norman . BANDISH, Joseph .... BAPTISTE, George Philip, Jr. BARBA, Alex ..... BAREFIELD, Robert Stanhope BARNES, Paul Edwin . . BARNES, William . . . BARONE, Genarino James . THE MEN SSMC3c S10 CBM Wt30 EM20 Wt30 Sk30 StM10 S20 S20 S20 S20 S10 S20 S20 S10 F10 FCO3c S20 S10 S1 c S20 SC3c S20 S20 CGM S1 c F10 S20 S20 S20 GM30 SF30 Wt2c S10 S20 S10 S20 Wt3c -S20 GMl0 S20 S10 FC3c S20 F10 S20 S20 BM20 S10 S10 S20 S20 S20 S10 S10 S10 S20 S20 131 BARRY, Charles Richard . BARTH, Norman Chester . BARTHEL, Robert Joseph . BARTKUS, Bruno Stanley . BARTON, Edward Irving . BARTON, Frank Thomas . . BATES, Donald Arthur . . BATTISTONI, Vincent Frank BAUDY, John Joseph . . . BAUER, Raymond Edward . BEAMER, John Robert . . BEAN, James Edward . . . BEAULIEU, Robert Leonce . BECKSTROM, Ralph Bradford BEDARD, George Leo . . . BEDFORD, Daniel Henry . BEEMER, Philip Leroy . BEHAN, Richard Melvin . BELAIR, Antonio Philip . . BELANGER, Richard Joseph . BELDING, Harry Bernhardt . BELL, Alexander Barton . . BELL, James Emerson . BELL, Robert Gordon . . BEMIS, Don Maurice . . BENDALL, Donald Floyd. . BENNETT, Lemuel . . . BENSON, Donald Montgomery BERGER, Robert Lee . . . BERGERSON, Bernard Edward BERGMAN, Harold . . ., BERGNAN, Rudy Myron . . BERGSCHNIEDER, Ray William . . BERNARDO, Peter Anthony . BERNATSKY, Herbert . . BERNHARD, Elmer Edward . BERTRANG, John Peter . . BEVERSDORF, Hugo Arthur BIAS, William Carol . . . BILLINGS, Arthur Eugene . BIRT, James Russell . . BISHOP, Charles Thomas BISHOP, Henry Crady . BISHOP, Neil Everett . . BLACKBURN, William Pitts . BLACKSTONE, Robert Erland BLAHM, Albert Frank . . BLAIR, Edwin Thomas . . BLAIR, George William . . BLANCHARD, Maurice Donald BLANCHETTE, Joseph Marcel BLANDEN, Frank Adkins . BLANK, Elmer William . BLEA, Moses .... BLEASE, James Vernon . BLILEY, Sumner William . BLIVEN, Robert Edward . BLOCK, Harold Leo . . BLOCK, Leonard Willious S20 S20 S20 S20 RT30 S10 S20 Cwt S20 . ,Wt2c Cox. S10 S10 GM3c S20 S20 S20 S10 CCS S20 F20 S20 F10 S20 S20 CEM S10 QM30 S10 EMIO S20 GM3c F10 S20 S20 CM30 CM3c RdM30 V S10 S20 S20 S20 Cox. S20 S20 GM20 S20 S10 MOMM30 S20 F10 S20 CWT S10 RM30 Y20 S20 S20 CMM BLONSKY, George Ivan . . BOARDWAY, Alonzo William BODGE, Francis Ormand . . BODISCH, John Joseph . BOHLER, Carl Norman . BOEHM, Leonard Thomas . BOEHNKE, Arthur Woodrow BOGOSIAN, Harry . . . BOHANON, Walter Chapman - BOISVERT, Ernest Edgar . BOLAND, William Joseph . BOLLMER, Lee Henry . BONAREK, Peter John . . .. . BONENFANT, Robert Arthur BONESTELL, Charles . . '. BONZAGNI, Arthur Richard . BOONE, William Thomas . BOOTH, Kenneth Neil . . BORDERS, Andrew Gordan . BORDIS, Carlton Jack . BORGES, Anthony Manuel . BOSA, Arthur Joseph . . BOSTROM,'Hjalmar Evert . BOTNER, John Critington, Jr. BOUCHER, William Augustine BOULANGER, George . . BOURASSA, Ernest Eugene . BOURBEAU, Alderic Bernard BOURBONNAIS, Robert Howard . 4. BOWDEN, Albert Monroe . BOWDEN, Edward MVR . BOWER, John Roy . . BOWLES,-'Harold Edward . BOWSER, Paul Fuhrmann . J BOYLE, Arthur Homer . . BOYLE, James Edward . . BRACCIALE, Raymond Joseph BRACKINS, Ernest James . BRADLEY, Thomas Harvey . BRADY, Mack Edward . . BRANDIES, Cortez Martin . BRASSARD, Ernest George Jr. BRAUN, Carl Bernard Jr. . BREINLINGER, Arthur . . BRELSFORD, Richard Doyle BRENNAN,1'AndreW Joseph . ' BRENNAN, Bernard Francis A ,. BRENNAN, John Andrew . BRENNANQ Owen Ellsworth . BREWER,"Everett Sylvester . BREYER, :Leon . . . BREZNIAK, Tony Peter . - , BR1GHAM,5fHarry Waldo . BRINKLEY, Staley Butler Jr. BRITTAIN, William Oscar Jr. BROCK,.Arthur Francis . . BROCKWAY, George . BRODT, Paul Mead . . BROOKS, Gordon Eugene' BROOKS, Robert Owen . 1. A THE MEN S10 S20 FCO30 CGM ' S20 GM3c FC3c S10 S10 F10 1 S20 S20 " S10 S20 S20 S10 S20' S10 " S10 ' S20 S20 S20 S20 S10 WT1c SM3c S20 S20' 1 S20 ' TC10 S20 ' BM20 S20' A F110 S10: ' S10 S20 M20 S20 S20 it S10 S10 S20 . S20 'S10 S2611 S20 S20 S20 Wtlc S20 S20 S10 S20 ' S20 , 1 MM10 S20 ' F10 S20 S20 BROSNAN, John Francis . . BROTHERTON, Thorman Ogden BROUDER, James Joseph Sr. BROUGHTON, Irving Wilson BROWBER, Robert Lee . . ' BROWN ,'-Alan James . . -. BROWN, Arial Rommell . BROWN, Charles Mortimer . BROWN, 'David Clark . BROWN George Forrest Jr. . BROWN, Hal Eugene . . . BROWN, Harold Anthony II . BROWN, John Frederick . BROWN, Kenneth Mack . BROWN Lloyd Everett . BROWN Orville Dennis . BROWN, Robert Henry . BROWN, Willis Guy . . BROWNE, 'James Joseph . . BROWNING, Calvin Henry . BROWNING, Guy Edward ." BROWNSON, Douglas Harold BRUCH, Frank Stephen . . BRUNDA, Robert Rayfield . BRUNO, George .... BRUNO, James George . BRUNO,' Joseph Jr. . BRYANT, Richard Norris BUCKLEY, Jack Wesley . . BUCZEK, .Thaddeus John . . BUDNEY,-.Anthony Aloysius, Jr. BUFFINGT ON, Arthur Glenn BUFFKIN, George Wilton . BUKOWSKI, Leo Stanley . BURGESS,iEdward Winston . BURKE, Edward Thomas . . BURKE, Frank Raymond . . BURKE, James Michael . BURKE, Lester Elmo . . . BURKE,-:Redmond Patrick . BURNS, Roger Calmus . BURROUGHS, John Francis . BURROUGHS, Paul Emery . BURROUGHS, Thomas Edison BURNSON, Frank Kyle . . BUSH, James Thomas . . . BUSH, Lee Oscar . BUSSEY, Kenneth . . . BUTLER, .'- avid Harris . . BUTLER,-William Ellsworth . BUTTERFIELD, Joseph David BYRNE, Joseph Michael . . CADORETTE, Robert . . CAIN, Leonard Dalron . CAIN, Lloyd George . . CALL, Robert Francis . . . CALVARESE, Phillip Paul . CALVERT, Jethro Buchannan CAMARATA, Dominic Joseph, CAMPBELL, Ernest McKinley 132 SK20 S20 S20 I ' -S20 . -EM3c- S20 S20 - S20 S20 S10 GM2c ' S20 ' S20 BM20 S10 S20 S20 S20 Sl c S10 Buglc S20 S20 EM30 S20 S10 S20' 'S20 - S20 r S20 S20 SSMB20 SSMB2c F10 S20 S20 MMl0 S20 ' GM30 S20 " Cox S10 MM2c CY A MM30 GM10 ' StM10 S20 S20 S20 S10- S20 S10 S20 Cox S20 S20 S10 S10 S10 1,..7. l 1 l l 1 l I l l l I ! l l 1' I l 1 l l I l l V l l I I I l A l CAMPBELL, Floyd Donald . CAMPBELL, Paul Wesley . CAMPBELL, William Nicholas, CAMPIONE Louis Anthony CANGRO, Sylvan .... CANNON, William Howard, Jr. CAPLETTE, Leonard HEU . CAPOBIANCO, Carl John CAPONE, Louis Henry . . CAPPOLA, Amerigo Carman . CAPPS, Waymon Rosco, Jr. . CAPUTO, Carmen .... CARABILLO, Joseph Andrew CARAVELLO, John Henry I . CARD, Philip Gordon . CAREY, Francis Joseph . CAREY, Joseph, Jr .... CARLOCK, Elmer .... CARMICHAEL, Marion Ardell CARNAHAN, James Edwin . CARNEY, Edward Albert, Jr. CARNEY, Stanley Oldfield . CAROLAN, Thomas John . CARPENTER, William Johnson CARPENTIER, Gerald Maurice CARR, Clyde ..... CARRICK, Thomas Victor . CARTER, Harold Dwight . CARTER, John Ray . . CARTER, John Samuel . CARTER, Richard Lee . . CARTWRIGHT, Herbert Byron CARVER, Albert George . . CARVER, Charles Gregory . CARVER, Louis James . CASE, Donald Barton . .. . CASTLE, Clifford Eldon . . Jr CASTRONOVER, Dominick Louis . CAULFIELD, Jean Vincent . CELENTANO, Joseph Anthony CHADWICK, Chester Frank . CHANDLER, Warren Lynn . CHAPMAN, Donald Edward . CHAPMAN, Lamar Bruce . CHARTIER, Richard Rector . CHILTON, Thomas Erwin . CHRISTIANSEN, Gordon Norman 4 . ' CHILSON, Charles Sherman . CHRISTOPHER, Francis Paul CHRISTOUN, Gerald John . CHURCHLEY, Jesse Louis . CIANCIOLO, John .. . CIECIUCH, Henry Jakob . CLARK, Curtis Lynn . . . CLARK, Harold Frederick . CLARK, Myron Lloyd . . CLAVIN, James Joseph . CLAYTON, Earle Charles CLOUSE, Virgil "E" Bulus . COHAN, Ames Hamilton . T H E ME N S2c COLE,:Frederick Arthur, Jr. . S20 COLEMAN, Henry Jonathan, Jr. TC1c -' I COLLEY,fPhillip Fredrick . Slc COLLINS, John Edward . . S2c Coxi- I "W: S2c ' Slc. - S2c S2c' MM3c S2c' ' S2c S2c EM3c MM3c Slc I' Slc Flc Cox S2c n ' Slc S2c S2c S2c EM3c Cox Slc, WT3c Slc Fic S2c S2c S2c ' Slc A S2c Slc S2c CFC Slc F2c Slc S2c S2c CM3c Slc S2c S2c ' GM3c S2c F2c MM2c S2c' GM3c S2c GM2c S2c St3c Slc ' CRT CONNELLY, Dennis Francis, Jr. . . CONNELY, Francis Shade . CONNER, Robert William,Jr. CONNOLLY, James Thomas, Jr. CONNOLLY, Patrick . . . CONNORS, Edward John . COOK, Adrain Barney . COOK, John Francis . . COOPERQ Edward Grill . ' CORDES," Peter . . . CORNMAN, William Edgar . CORR, James Daniel . . . COSGROVE, Adam John . ' . COSGROVE, Francis Joseph, .Jr. .' . COSTA, 'Leoterio Ferreira . COSTELLO, Martin Francis . COTTER, William Francis, Jr. COURY, Fred Charles . . COXWELL, Jesse Willis, Jr. . CRAMER, Clarence . . CRANE, Henry .... CREMEANS, Robert James . CRIDER, Harold Dean I . CRINER, William Edwin . CRODDY, Maurice Elbert A. CROWL, Albert William . 1 CROWLEY, Edward Joseph 4. CROWNER, Paul Lorenzo CURTIS, Gerald Waldo . DAGENAIS, Raymond Nelson DALE, Glenn Ardin . . DALE, William Joseph . DALKE, Cornelius Frank . DANIELS, Norval George . DANSBY, Charles Edward . DARK, Clayton Edward . DAVEY,' James Joseph . DAVIS, Charles Lloyd . DAVIS, Renzer . . . DAVIS, Robert Frank . DAY, Robert Calvin . . DEANE, William Thomas DE BOER, Jake . . . DE CARO, Dominic . . . DECHENE, Fernand Joseph . DE COURSEY, William Spencer DEESE, James Henry . . . DE HART, Raymond Martin . DE ROSTER, Charles . . DELFORNO, Antonio . . . DELLA ROSSA, Eddie Arthur DELIASO, Michael Anthony I Q ,- . . DEMEL,,Edwin Norwood . . DENISON, Walter Horatio DENNINGTON, Harold Lee . DETMER, Eugene Henry . Ph.M3c CRT GM3c - Slc S2c Slc S2c FC1c Wt3c "MM1c EM3c Slcf PrtrM2c' CGMS Fic Slc' . S2c S2c GM3c EM2c Cox RM3c I CWT ' BM2c Flc ' MM2c CBM Slc ' CEM Flc Slc S20 ' - EM2c - Slc' ' f SF2c' EM3c Slc ' GM3c SF3c V Sk3c Slc SC2c StMlc S2c Q-EM2c I GM3c Cox S2c Slc St3c Flc SKDIC F20 I - - Slc F2c S2c BM2c S2c Flc GM3c DENNIS, George Robert . DESCHENE, Lionel Roland . DEVRIES, Walter Charles . DICKEY, Athel ..... DIGIOVANNI, Edward Joseph . DILL, James Robert .... DIOGUARDI, Amerigo . . . DIPAIZIO, Joseph Anthony George DISCIASCIO, Peter Anthony . . DITORO, Michael ..... DITULLIO, Gerard Anthony . . DIX, John William . . . DIXON, Charles William . DODRIDGS, Philip Lacey . DOGGETT, John Martin . . DOUDNA, Dee Elwin .... DOUGHERTY, James Howard . DOUGHTY, George Herbert, Jr. . DOWLING, Thomas Joseph . DOWNIE, William Porter, Jr. . DOYLE, John Thomas . . DOZIER, John Wilmer, Jr. . DRAKE, Francis Howard . DRURY, Everett Charles . DUGAN, James Stephen . DYE, Howard Dewey . . DYER, Clifford Leo . . EAGAN, Walter Vincet . . EASTMAN, William Charles . ECKFELDT, Thomas Hooper EDWARDS EDWARDS Clarence Howard EDWARDSJ Harry Clifford . EDWARDS, Lewis Webster, Jr. EDWARDS Richard Stewart, Jr. . Shelton Howard . EDWARDS, Waine Daniel . EGAN, James Kenneth .J EISENSTEIN, Paul Morris . ELDER, Merrill John .... ELLSWORTH, Charles Lovell . ENDICOTT, Donald Clyde . . EOAS, Peter John .... ERCOLANI, Joseph Louis . ERISMAN Harley Bryan . ERTEL, Franklin Lamont . ESSAFF, Lewis John V. , ETCHISON, Winfred Leona . EVANS, Willard Earl . . FAIN, Curtis Denzil . . FARLER, Elmer . . . FAULKNER, Willie Frank . FEEBECK, Daniel . . . FENDELL, Jordan Byron . FERRO, Vito James .... FERRI, Louis John .... FERRINGO, Juan Baptiste Antonio FIER, James Donald .... FILIP, Roger Francis . . FILIPPELLI, Bruno Joseph . FILL, Anthony Francis . THE MEN CEM MM3c RT3c CCS Wt3c Stlc Cox Wt2c B2c Rt3c Sk3c St3c MMIC Mlc EM3c BM2c GM3c CMOMM CY CFC SF2c SM2c S25 GM2c Sls RdM3c F2c Flo MM3c PhM2c Flc MM3c SF3c SSML2c Cox Cox Slc PhM3c SFIS Slc MM3c F20 S2c S2c PhM2c RM3c Flc StM1c Slc ' Slc Cox Cox S2c Slc S2c S2c S2c S2c S2c WT2c FILLIPELLI, Frank . . FINK, Ralph William . . . FINKBINNER, Fenton Lewis FISH, Richard "M" . . . FISHER, Herbert Edward . FITZGERALD, Gerald Euclid . FITZGERALD, James Leonard . FITZGERALD, Thomas Francis FITZPATRICK, Edwin Ray . . FITZPATRICK, Hugh Thomas, Jr.. FLAHERTY, John Patrick . . FLAMMIA, Rocco Thomas . FLEMING, Robert Mason FLEMING, Robert John . . . FLEMING, Steward Esmond . . FLESCH, Emil George Fredrick, Jr. FRESZAR, Joseph Frank . . . FLOCKEN, Gerald Francis FLOWER, Alva John . . FLOWERS, Archie Eldridge . FLYNN, Daniel Murphy . FLYNN, Floyd Louis . . FLYNN, Joseph Aloysins, Jr. . FOGARTY, Gerald Anthony . FOLEY, John Biddle . . . FOLEY, John Joseph, Jr. . FOLEY, Robert Francis . FOLIO, Anthony Dominick . FORD, James Richard . . FORLIE, Edward Livingston . FORREST, Leland Francis . FOSE, Donn Franklin .... FOSTER, Aloyoins Nicholas, Jr. . FOSTER, William . . . FOTTA, Arthur Stephen . . . FOURNIER, Joseph Albert Damien FOWLER, Joseph Lee .... FOWLER, Robert Kenneth . FOX, Richard Lawrence . FOX, Thomas Edward . FOY, Albert Moser, Jr. . . FRALEIGH, Douglas Martin . FRALICK, Curtis Gene . FRANCE, Richard Warren . FRANCIS, John Gilbert . FRASCO, Vito ..... FRATER, Richard Carlisle . FRAZIER, Robert Burns . FREAR, Howard . . . FREEMAN, Cylvester Lee . FREIDHOF, Clement Lee . FREUND, Norbert Nestor . FREUND, William George . FRIAR, Joseph Oscar . . . FRIEND, Thomas Willard . . FROELICK, Anthony Capparlli . FUCCI, John Michael . . . FULLER, Edward Ernest . FUSAKIO, Americo . FUSCO, Orlando Henry . 134- S2c EM3c EM2c Slc Flc S2c S2c S2c S2c S2c S2c Sklc S2c S2c Slc Flc S2c Flc S2c SF3c F2c S2c Slc S2c S2c S2c GM2c S2c Slc S2c RM2c S2c S2c RM3c. BM2c S2c S2c S2c S2c Hale S2c Slc S2c Slc EM2c GM2c S2c S2c MM3c Cox S2c S2c Flc Slc S2c S2c Slc Slc EM3c S2c GABEL, Ernest August . GABRIEL, Thomas Daniel GADBOIS, Hadley James . GALLAGHER, Francis Joseph, GALLINAT, Walter, Jr. . GALLO, Ferdinando John GAMBATESE, Peter . . GAMLEY, Robert Joseph . GANTER, Harvey Gordon GARAND, Frederick Arthur GARCIA, Joe .... GARDNER, David Spencer GARDNER, Richard John GARDNER, Ronald Marshall GARLAND, William Jule . GARWOOD, William Milton GATES, Richard Maurice . GATES, Robert Lee . GAUDEY, George Louis GEIGER, Eugene Thomas . GEIS, Paul Eugene . . GERR, Seymour Joseph . GERRY, Andrew Gordon . GERTH, Robert Allen . . GIACCO, George Joseph, Jr. GIAMBRUNO, John Gasper GIBSON, Archie Eugene . GIBSON, Hoot Denzil . . GIBSON, James Duval . GILES, William Keith . . GILLESPIE, Rex Virgil . GIMINIANI, Rudolph Paul GINTER, Weldon . . . GLEASON, Darrell Bouton GLEASON ' Robert Francis GLEASON? William Henry, Jr.. GLYNN, Leroy Joseph . GODARD, Oliver Ensworth . GOHL, Howard Henry . GOLDEN, Joseph Francis . GOLDFIELD, Sidney Irvin GOLDSTEIN, Alex . . . GOLDSTEIN, Murray Elias GOLUBSKI, Daniel Jack . GONDECK, Hebert Claire GOOCH, Clayborn Edward GOOD, Walter Clement, Jr. GOODMAN, Harry Junior GOSLANT, Perley Romeo J GOSSWEILLER, Herman Joseph . . GRAHAM, Council Menifield GRAHAM, Harvey Theodore GRAHAM, Howard Nicholas GRANGAARD, Roger Eugene GRANGER, Dale Howard GRASMICK, Stanley Joseph GRAVES, Ronald Harold . . GRAY, George Roberts . GRAY, James Frederick . GREAVES, Earl Pancost . THE MEN SC20 CST S20 EM3c GM30 S20 S20 S20 S20 GM2c Cox S20 S20 S20 StMlc S20 Sl 0 S20 S20 S20 MM3c S20 Sl 0 S20 S20 S20 S20 S20 StMlc Slc WT20 S20 S20 S20 S20 S20 S10 S20 HA1c S10 S10 Slc S10 S20 S20 F10 SM30 S20 S20 S20 SK30 Sk20 S20 S20 F20 F20 Cox S10 S20 Slc GRECO, Joseph Armond . GREEN, 'Gerald Eugene . GREEN, Gilbert Bernard . GREENBERGER, William GREGG, Warren Howard . GREGORY, Robert Miles . GREHAN, John Joseph . GRILLO, Rosario William GRIMALDI, Anthony Louis GRIMALDI, Robert Albert . CRIMES, Joseph Francis . GRINDER, Newell Ralph . . GROMAN, Arthur Abraham . GROSSMEYER, Hall Dale GROSS, Edward Earl . . . GROSSMAN, William George GRUGNALE, Nicholas Samuel . GRUSENMEYER, William Charles GUIDEN, Harold William . . GUILD, David Francis . GULACHOK, Walter . . . GUSEMAN, Richard Thomas . . GUTOWSKI, Thomas Richard . GUY, William Hayes . . . GUZEWICZ, John Francis GWYN, Edward Thodore . GYONGYOSY, William . HABER, Joseph George . . HABEREK, Eugene James . HAESLOOP, Bertram Gregory . HAGY, Harold Edward . . HAILEY, David Ralph . . HALCOMB, Rose Ross HALERAN, Micheal . HALEY, Willard Chester . HALL, Harold Eugene . HALL, Robert Benson, Jr. HALL, Russell Edward . HALL, William Phillipe III HALLMARK, Andrew Jackson, Jr. HALVACHS, Richard Stephen HAMEL, Philip Raymond . HAMEL, Reno Jean Noel . HAMILL, Paul James . . . HAMILTON, Donald Arthur . . HAMILTON, Richard Randell . HANDY, Ralph Jarome . . HANN, John Arnold . . HANSEN, Howard Orville . HANSHAW, Frederick Elbert . HARABAUGH, George Joseph . HARMON, Charles Carl . . HARRINGTON, James Calvin . HARRISON, James .... HARTENSTINE, William Herbef,Jf. . . ' HARWELL, Alfred Kelly . . HAUN, Henry Stenton . . . HAVHOLM, John Andrew . . HAWKINS, Quentin Raymond . HAVVKS, Charles William . SCl0 Slc S20 S20 S20 QMI0 S20 S20 S20 S20 MM3c S20 S20 S20 S20 S20 Slc S20 S20 S20 F10 S20 S20 Brk2c S20 GM30 SC20 S20 S20 MMIC S20 EM1c S20 MM2c S20 S20 S20 Y30 S20 MM20 F10 S20 S10 S10 BMIO RMIC StMlc Ha20 CSF Wt2c S20 BM30 S10 StM20 BMl0 S20 S10 EM30 Flc GM3c HAWLEY, Franklin Van Rensselaer . . HAYES, Ervie Lee . . . HAYES, Stephen William . . HAYLES, Champion . . HAYNES, Robert Lester . . AHEALEY, Sylvester Frank . HELLER, David Jarrell . . HENDERSON, Philip Lloyd . HENKEL, John William . . HENRY, Joel Benjamin . HERALD, Cecil Lloyd . HESS, Eugene Edward . . HEYER, Robert Amil . . HIEF, Charles Frederick . HILL, Melvin Lovell . . I'IILL,'Nathaniel .- . HILL, Warren Allen . HINES, Edward Junior . HINTZ, Harry William . HOBBS, Robert Phillip . HODGE, Kenneth Sidney . HOFFER, Robert Stanley . . HOFFMAN, Robert Andrew . HOFFMASTER, Richard Aaron HOFF MEYER, Oscar Jr. . . HOLLANDER, George . . . HOLLINGER, Phares . . . HOIMGAARD, Maynard Dennis HOLZER, Joseph Jr .... HOOTON, Arthur James . HOOVER, Henry William . HORTON, Marvin Edward . HUBBLE, Lewis Ray . . . HUGALL, Harold Reginald . HUGHES, Ward LeRoy . . HUNT, Donn Clinton' . . HUNT, Elmer Edward . . HUNTER, Robert Glenn . HUNTER, William Wayne INGRAM, John Chester . ISAACS, Lee Edward . . IVIE, Edward SJ" . . JAMES, Ross David . . JAMES, Von Ezekiel . . . JEWETT, Nelson Holland . JOHNSON, August . . JOHNSON, Charles Melvin . JOHNSON, Donald Ernest . JOHNSON, Eldon Lewis . . JOHNSON, William Hubert . JONES, JONES, JONES, JONES, JONES JONES JUSTH, 7 Edward . . . Howard Kelly . Richard William . Thomas Albert . William Anthony . . William Marvin . Harford Bradle , y . . JUTTNER, Richard Leonard . KABODIAN, Hrog Joseph . KAIL, Fredrick Eugene . . KAISER, William Joseph, Jr. . KANAK, Ernest Frank . . KAPLAN, Peter Stanley . . KASS, Arthur ..... KASCYSKI Michael Stanle Jr. . . , Y, KEENAN, Charles Francis . KELLEY, John Joseph, Jr. . KELLOGG, Harry Joseph . . KENDALL, Emmett Lyle . . KERIVAN, Thomas Edward . KERN, Grant Leroy . . . THE MEN RM3c StMIc Flc , CK2c CMM S2c RT2c S2c MMIC Rdm2c Blc FIC Y2c Wtlc Slc StM2c PtRIc S2c Slc S20 Slc SC3e MM3c Slc Wt3c RM3c MM3c MMlc S2c S2c Slc Slc EM3c Wt2c S'I'M1c I'IAIc Slc RM2c EM2c SC3c Flc Slc CEM Slc RDM3c WTIC Slc QM3c S2c Slc SK1c Slc EM2c F2c PhM2c S2c Flc CFC Slc CRM Slc MM3c Slc Slc SIC BMIC Flc ,MM2c RT2c S2c S2c 3 KEY, Kenneth Wesley . KIBURZ, Daniel Fredrick . KIEFER, Alfred Eugene . KIERNAN, Robert Mark . KILEY, Emmett Joseph . KIMBLE, Russell Earl . KING, Paul Cyral, Jr. . KING, William Watts . . KINKADE, Kenneth . . KINNEY, John Fredrick . KIRK, Ralph Jacob, Jr. . KJELDSON, Charles Albert KJELLIN, Carl Rowland . KLEESS, William Patrick KLEM, James Francis . . KLINE, Frank Dyche . . KLINGLER, Rex Ira . KLUG, Wilbur Edwin . KNELL, Edward Leslie . KNIGHT, Everett Fay, Jr. KNIGHT, Guy Newton . KNOP, Harold Richard . KNUTSEN, Kenneth . . KOLESAR, Francis Joseph KOUHY, Robert Melleck . KOVACS, Louis . . . KOVALESKI, Charles Frank KRACH, John Albert . . KRAMER, Luke Victor . KREISER, Marlin Richard KREUTZER, Joseph . . KRUCHELSKI, Alfred Johns KRUGER, Marshall Dean KRUSE, Henry Fredrick, Jr. KRUZAN, Henry Albert . KUETTNER, Kurt Paul . KURTH, Charles Thomas . LA BORN, Fred . . . LABRECQUE, Chanel Jean LAMEIN, Martin Joseph . LANE, Aron . . . A. LANG, Forrest Elmer . LANGLEY, Roy Everett . LANGSTAFF, Fred Charles LAROSE, Henry Francis . LARSON, Calvin Eugene . LATARE, Merlin Thomas - LAUER, Edward Leon . . LAVIN, Raymond Dwyer . LAVOIE, George Emol . LEACH, William Archibald LEACHMAN, John Clifford LEARY, Norman Keith . LEAVITT, Jack Warren . LEDERER, John Stanley . LEMASTER, Richard Aaron LENOIR, William Vaught, Jr. LEO, Angelo Junior . . LEVENTHAL, Jack Irwin LEWANDOWSKI, Julius . LEWIS, James Milton . . LINDSEY John Euwin . LINGHAM, William Sherman. ' LIS, Edward Lawrence . LITTLE, James Edward . LOCHIMO, Edward . . LODER, Harvey Dale . . LOMBARDI, Michael Angelo. ' ' LONGARIO, Louis . . . LOPEZ, Paul Encinas . . LOREDO, John . . 6 RM3c Y3c BM2c F2c Wtlc Flc Cox SC2c BMIC F lc S2c RT3c CTC MM2c EM1c MM2c WT1c F Ic S2c Slc SF2c MaM3c FC3c FC2c Slc Flc Slc Flc EM3c Slc MM3c GM2c MM2c Slc Slc 'CSF Slc Slc Slc Flo StM1c BMIC Slc MaM2c WT1c RT3c MM3c WT3c S20 SIC S2c Cox Slc TClc QM3c Slc WT2c CQM EM3c BM2c BM2c SSML3 Ck3c Flo Slc Rrn3c FC2c Slc Slc Slc Flc C LORENZ, Albert .... LOUGHRAN, John Stephen . LOVE, Elvis "D" .... LUCCI, Benny Ralph . . LUCERO, Epimenio NB" . LUDLUM, Malloney Otha LUDWICK, Donald Owings . LUKCO, Edward John . . LUNE, William Charles . LUPORI, Louis Peter . . LUTTE, Wilson Leopold . MACHELEDT, Micheal . MACK, Albert Paul . . MACK, George Leslie . . MAC WILLIAMS, William . MADISON, Ishmael . . . MAHON, Thomas Christopher MAITA, Nicholas Joseph . . MAKRIS, Edward . . . MANIPELLA, Frank Louis MANLEY, John James . MANLEY, William Dennis MANN, Ralph Edwin . . . MAPSTONE, Frank Charles . MARCUS, Harvy .... MARKHAM, John Bowan, Jr. MARKON, Richard Edgar . MAROTTA, Armando . . MARSH, John Stephen . MARTIN, Arthur Hall . . . MARTIN, James William, Jr. . MARTIN, Jasper Young . MARTIN, Paul Winefred, Jr. . MARTINO, Daniels Louis . MARTZ, Joseph Albert . MARULLO, Sam . . . MASI, Louis ..... MASSELL, Silverio Anthony . MASSING, Edward Anthony . MASTERSON, James John . MATTHEWS, William Calvin . MAUPIN, Robert Wesley . . MAXIN, Kenneth Jay . . . MAXWELL, Alfred Edward . MAYNARD, Hal Stokely . . . MAZANEK, Theodore Frederick . MC BRIDE, Charles Cleveland, Jr. . . MC CANE, Thomas William . . MC CARTHEY, Forrest Lynn . . MC CLENDON, Radford Franklin MCCORMICK, Donald Aloyoius MC CULLOCH, Thomas Brady . MC DANIEL, Floyd Raymond . MC DERMOTT, Thomas Martin . MC DOWELL, Olin Everette . . MC ELMURRAY, Ezra Blanton, Jr MC GILL, William Russell . . MC GOWAN, John Arthur . MC GUIRE, Edward Sonic MC KENNA, John William . . MC LAUGHLIN, John Francis, Jr. MC LAUGHLIN, Paul Francis . MC LAUGHLIN, Robert Charles . MC MAHON, John Joseph . MC MILLIAN, Paul Manuel . MEADE, James Kenneth . . MEIER, William Francis, Jr. . MELLI, Chester Michael . . MENTEER, Lee Robert . . METIVIER, Roland Howard . MICHAELS, Thomas Jr. . . MIDDLETON, Raymond Eugene MILLER, Elwood Rowland . THE MEN WT3c RM30 S10 Bug2c S20 S10 BM1c MM3c F20 S10 WT3c MM20 Cox S10 F10 StM2c MM2c S20 Y10 S10 MM20 S10 MoMM3c S10 RM30 S10 GM1c S10 S10 S10 Y2c CMM M30 SF30 S10 S1c S10 GM2c F10 S10 StM2c BMQI- S10 S10 RdM3c EM30 MM3c S20 MM3c Bkr10 RT30 CWT S20 AerM1c S10 F20 WT30 BM2c F20 F10 F10 S20 F10 S10 S10 FC3c S20 S10 MMIC S20 CCS MM3c RdM3c 3 MILLER, Robert Theodore MINOR, Robert Edward . MISYAK, Paul Anthony . . MITCHELL, Charles Henry . MITCHELL, George Gus . . MITCHELL, William Flynn . MITTELMAN, Sidney . . . MOFFETT, Jack .... MONINGTON, Edgar Emery . MOONEY, William Frank . MOORE, James Almas . MOOSA, Nagin Louis . . MORGAN, Gene Boswell . MORRIS, Victor Robert . MORRIS, Vincent George . MORSE, Edward David . . MORTON, David Elton . . MORTON Robert . . . MORVANJF, Noland Joseph Gillis. ' ' MOSER, John William . . MOSLEY, Edward .... MOTTESE, Eugene Joseph . , MoTToLEsE, Tonnnooo Anthony. ' ' MOWERY, Stanley Elsworth . MOYER, Charles William . MOYNIHAN, John Joseph, Jr. MUENCH, Earl William, Jr. . MULLEN, Chester Lawence . MULLIGAN, Edward Harper . MULLOY, Louis Tweedie . . MULVEY, James Bernard . . MUMFORD, William Albert . MUNCE, Thomas Watson . . MUNCY, William Howard . MUNSON, Millage Warren . MUNSON, Raymond Edgar . MURDOCH, Douglas Gray . MURPHY, Deward Lavern . MURPHY, John Bernard, Jr. . MURPHY, John Francis . MURPHY, Joseph .... MURPHY, Thomas William . MURPHY, William Lawrence . MURPHY, William Paul . . MURRAY, Lawrence Edward . MUSE, Charles William . . NACHTICAL, Frank Paul . . NADLER, George Robert . NAPLES, Everett Niel . . NAPPI, Frank .... NEILL, Gifford 'Wendell . NELSON, Frank Hess . . NELSON, Frederick Nials . NELSON, Robert Melvin . . NELSON, Theodore Samuel . NESMITI-I, Clarence . . . NESTOR, William Peter . . . . NEVILLE, Walter James .... . NEWLANDS, William Edgar, Jr. NEWMAN, Donald Paul . . . . NEWMAN, Kenneth . . . NICKERSON, James Harold . NIELSON, Walter Gram . . NOCETI, Norman Virgil . NOEL, Sidney Lucien . . NORRIS, Lloyd . . . NORTH, Clifford Harry . NORTZ, Allen Emery . . NOVOTNAK, John Clarence NOWAK, Stanley Joseph . . NUNNALLY, James Eldwood . OHDE, David Oscar . . . OHNEMUS, Neil Nicholsa GM2c StM2c S10 F10 PhM3c RdM1c S10 MM3c S10 S2c StM1c QM2c S20 EM30 F10 S20 S20 S20 S20 S20 S20 S10 Slc S1c S20 F10 S20 S10 S20 S10 FC10 S20 SF10 S20 S20 F10 S20 S20 S10 S20 S20 EM20 S20 EM30 S20 SC3c EM3c MoMM3c QM30 F10 ' Rt2c S20 S20 GM2c S2c S10 S10 S10 S20 GM1c S10 S20 PhM1c RM2c S20 FC30 S20 S20 S20 S20 RT20 FC2c Cox ONEAL, Forrest Eldon . . ONEIL, Joseph Jeremiah, Jr. . ORR, James Robert . . . OSBORN, Joseph Jr. . . . O'SULLIVAN, William Edward OSWELL, Evander Rudolph, Jr. OWEN, Otis Woodrow . . PACE, Benjamin Frederick . PACKER, Edward Lee . PALMER, Frank Dean . . PALMER, William Andrew . PALUMBO, Vincent Leonard . PARMLEY, Walter E. Junior . PARR, Claven Emerson . PARRISH, Clarence Wallace . PARROTT, John Van Dusen . PARTYKA, Leo .... PAULSON, Vernon Eugene . PAVLIS, Russell . . . PAXTON, Elbert Ireland . PAYNE, Leonard Earl . PAYNE, Wilfred Laverne . PEABODY, William Henry . PEARSON, Harold Cunliffe . PEACOCK, Darel Eugene . . PENCOVIC, Herman Theodore PENNY, Jack Robert . . . PEREA, Antonio Jr. . . PERKINS, James Lee . . PERRY, James Henry, Jr. . PERSONIUS, Merl Roger . PETERMAN, Keith Leroy . PETERS, Kenneth Walter . PETERSEN, Ellsworth James PETERSON, Earl .... PETERSON, Robert Edison . PETERSON, Rolan Laurel . PETROU, Christopher . . PETROVICH, Alex Thomas . PETRUSAK, John . . . PHELPS Arthur, Jr. . . . PHILLIRS, Lloyd William . PHILLIPS, William David . PICKEN, Gerald Ralph . PICKETT, Edward Francis PION, Paul Arthur . . PITTMAN, Alton Rudolph . PLAMP, Elmer Alfred . PLASTER, Clarence Oran . POETTER, Arthur Louis . . POHLMEIER, Aloc Joseph . POIRIER, Eugene Ely . POLHEMUS, Jacob Francis POORKER, Glenn Wood . PONKO, Robert Joseph . POOLE, Paul Howard . POTTER, Edward Clarence POWER, Harry Raymond . PRATT, James Clifford . PRESTON, Robert Lee . PREVOST, Ralph Joseph . PRICE, Paul Reese . . PRICE, William Everett . PRINES, Laddie John . . PROCTOR, Clifford Archie PUFFER, Harold Otis, Jr. PUGH, Earl Everett, Jr. . PUTNAM, Carroll Arthur . . QUILLEN, John Edward . . RACIOPPE, Joseph 'Dominick RAGAN, Omer Clay . . . RAINE, Royal Wayman . THE MEN MoMM3c MM10 PhM3c S10 S10 S10 SF30 MM20 SC3c S20 EM2c RM10 CY CM2c BugMst3c PhM2c GM1c F10 S20 S20 S20 F10 S10 S20 S20 MM20 MM20 BM20 S20 S20 WT20 S20 S20 S10 S10 EM2c CRT Y20 S20 MM30 S20 Cox S10 S20 S10 EM3c EM20 F10 S10 S10 Wt20 EM1c MM3c GM10 WT20 S20 S20 S10 S20 S20 S10 Y30 S10 F10 S10 F10 SM20 WT3c S20 S10 SC20 S20 138 RAKOW, Eldon Robert . RAND, Harold ..... RANDAZIO, Martin John . ' . RASK, Carl Henry .... RASMUSSEN, William Tycho RASSA, Charles Earl . . . RATHBURN, Donald James . RAVENSCROFT, Charles Henry REAVES, Marvin Wilson . . RECORD, Alferd .... REDDING, George Hackney . REED, Thomas ..... REESE, Bennie Earl . . REESE, Kenneth Plumer REESE, Maurice John . REGAL, Augustus James REIDER, George James . REILLY, Charles Augustus . REITH, Harold Frederick . RENAKER, Homer Lenz . . REYNOLDS, James Cornelius RICE, Heber Vincent . . . RICE, Robert Walter . . . RICHARDS, Wayne Romino . RICHARDSON, Frank Edward RICHARDSON, Harry Thomas RICHARDSON, Russell Edward RIDENHOUR, Robert Lee . RIES, Paul Leonard . . . RIFFE, Crit Cecil, Jr. . . RIGENCIA, Gregerio . . . REGGINS, Marlow Lamoine . RIGGS, Donald Lee . . . RIGGS, Jesse Buford . . RIVOTA, Edward . . . ROACH, Edward' Maurice . . ROBERSON, Walter Arthur . ROBERTS, Bays Bayron . . ROBERTS, Benjamin Green . ROBERTS, Frank Leslie, Jr. . ROBERTSON, Milford Frick . ROBINSON, Elmer Lester . ROBINSON, Richard Austin . RODRIGUEZ, Ishmael . . . ROOK, William George . ROSCKES, Robert Milton . ROSE, Hurles Sheldon . . ROSE, Sherman Rose . ROSS, Ishmael Lee . . ROSS, Nathan William . . ROTMAN, Raymond . . . ROUNTREE, Gordon Russel . ROUSE, Alvin Otto, Jr. . . ROWLETT, John Breen . RUDY, Paul John . . RUSSO, Anthony Joseph . RUSYNIAK, John .' . . RYCHEL, James Edward . SACKS, William . . SALAZAR, John . . SALEY, August Donald . SAMMIS, Leroy Earl, Jr. . SANDERS, James Dudley . . SANDERS, William Ralph . SANDOR, John HJ" . . . SANFORD, George Edward, Jr. SANTANGELO, Anthony Joseph SANTOS, Walter nj ., . . SARCIONE, Albert Joseph . SARSFIELD, Thomas Francis, Jr. . SAUNDERS, James Lewis . SAWALLISCH, William Carl S20 MM30 MM30 SK3c S20 S10 FC30 Cox MM20 Ck3c SC30 StM1c S20 CM30 RdM30 S10 S10 S10 S20 EM10 S10 SMlc S20 SSML3c S20 S10 S20 EM30 SKIO S20 CCK S20 MM30 S20 RM3c BM20 S10 MM1c MMS20 S20 S10 Cox S10 S10 EM30 S20 FC10 S20 S20 S10 S20 CPhM S20 EM2c F10 ' S20 S10 GM30 S10 Cox S20 S20 SK2c QTJ S20 S20 CSKQTJ SM30 QTJ S10 Cox S10 FC30 F10 SAYLOR, Johnny Thomas . . SAYON, Moises Chatto . . . . SCARCELLA, Dominick Micheal SCHALDACH, William Clarence J SCHMIDT, Ernest William . SCHMIDT, Paul Frank . . SCHMIDT, Robert John . . SCHMIDT, Tommie Edward . SCHRAND Victor Jose h e P - SCHRETTNER, William John . . SCHROCK, Clifford Micheal . SCHUGSTA, Paul Michael . SCHULTZ, William John . SCHWARTZ, Keith Arthur SCOTT, Nathan fnj, Jr. . SEIDEL, Arthur Edgar . SELBY, Walter Thomas . SELFINGER, Edward John . SELLGREN, Frederick Gunder SELMSER. Cecil Rollon, Jr. . SERRA, Pasquale fnj . . SERROEN. Paul Charles . SETTLE, John Ralph . . SETTLE. Jesse James . SEXTON, Cecil Friley . SHEFFER, Robert Floyd . . . . SHELLEY Harold Woodrow . SHEPHAISD, Robert Emerson, Jrf f I SHINN. Wayne Wesley .... . SILBERSCHLAG, Harold William SIMKINS, Edward Jerry .... . SIMS. Ernest Floyd .... . SISLER, John Pearson . SKILLEN, Robert Harry . SKOVER, Roy Albert . . SLOCUM, Edward Francis SMILEY, Walter fnj . . SMITH, SMITH SMITH SMITH SMITHZ SMITH, 7 7 George Edward Hugh Laverne Leroy Ward . Paul ful . . Ponnie "Gu . Robert Vernon SNOW, Edgar Deloy . SORMANTI, Albert Franc SPARRER, James Walter STEA, Salvatore Joseph STEFFENSEN, Donald Charles STEINER, James Knapp STERRY, Robert Welles . . STEWART, Donald George . STITHAM, Lloyd Wilbert STONE, Irving Kenneth STRONG, Aubrey Leslie . . STUBBS, Thomas Adolph, Jr. SUCHOCKI, Edward Joseph . SULLIVAN, William Edward . SUTTILL, William Scott SVEJCARA, Charles . SWANK, Ralph Lincoln SWANN, Richard Jackson . SZALKOWSKI, Louis ful . . TAMMS, Russell Cornelius . TANNOCK, Raymond Thomas TARDIF, Eugene Richard . . TAYLOR, John Couch . TAYLOR, Porter Emerson . e e o is. e Q c n o a e e 4 e TAYLOR, Robert .... TEAGUE, Earnest Emery . . . . TEMPLES, Chester Crawford TEMPLETON, Lawrence MOH TERRY, Charles Richards . . ..,.,J1!! ,I THE MEN Q S2c Cklc C Tj MM1c F2c Flc GM3c Flc Slc Prtr QMJ 2c GM2c CMM CAAJ Bkrlc S2c RdM3c StM2c Slc TC1c CWt GM3c WT2c Cox S2c CMM QAAJ StMIc Slc WT1c Fcc3c Sklc Glc CM3c Slc Flc Y3c Ylc S2c Slc EM3c Slc MMS2c Slc S2c StM2c Cox Slc Slc Flc Slc PhM1c Flc CSM WT3c F2c SF1c EM3c GM3c SF3c RdM3c MoMM2c Slc Cox BM2c Y3c SKIC RM2c GM3c F2c CSKD SC3c Slc WT2c Slc CCM 1 39 TETTING, Roland Harvey . THOMAS, Herman Jr . . . THOMAS, William Marion . THOMPSON, Don Morris . THOMPSON, Leonard George . THORNHILL, Robert James . THORNTON, Ralph . . . THROCKMORTON, Fred Allen . TOBIN, James Lawrence . . TOMKINS, Jack Warren, Jr. . . TORRES, Raymond Alvorado . TRAHAN, John Bucy .... TRIM, Herbert Theodore . . . TRIMPE, Paul Henry Louis . TWILLIGEAR, verlen Herbert, JL. f I VAN EMMERIK, John Martinus . VAN HORN, Walter Andrew . . VAUGHN, Dock Otis . . . VERACKA, Joseph John . . . VOTENDAHL, Eugene Robert . WACHOWICZ, Frank Chester WADDELL, Charles Edward . . WADLIN, Charles Trafton, Jr. . WAGNER, Richard James . . WALKER, Francis Xavier . WALLACE, Charles Ray . . WATSON, Raymond Lee . WATTS, Earl Deloss . WATTS, General, Jr. . . WEAVER, Leroy David . WEISS, Joseph Clement . WELDON, James Joseph . . WEST, Henry .... WEST, William Marcellus . . . WESTBERG, Henning Verner . WESTENDORF, Herman Henrich WESTERFIELD, Paul Augustus . WHITE, Enis ...... WHITSETT, Jasper Harvey, Jr. . WHITTEMORE, George Benjamin WIESINGER, Leo Brose . . . WIGGS, Chester David . . WIGHTMAN, Richey Ray . . WILK, William George . WILKIN, Robert Lee . . . WILKINS, Arthur Pritts . . WILLIAMS, Walter Calvin . . WILLIAMSON, Joseph Powell . WILSON, Thelmer Alexander W'ITTNER, Robert Joseph . WOLDT, Herman John, Jr. . . WOODS, Russell Edward . . . WORTHING, Arnold Frasier . . WORTHINGTON, Guy Grafton, Jr. f f WYERS, Paul Charles .... YARBOOCH, Bobby Gene . YAROSZ, John Stanley . YENCHICK, Michael fnj . . YOUNG, Ernest Franklin . . ZALOON, Basil Edward . . ZEITLER, Melvin Harold . . ZELENKA, James Robertson . ZIZZA, Anthony Martin . . ZUPUS, William Edward . . ZWERLING, Abraham fnj . ZWLICK, Joseph Peter . JANTZ, Olan Benjamin . . Cox RdM3c Slc SSMT1c GM2c Bkr2c Slc Cox GM2c RM2c Slc SM3c Slc Slc BMIc CEM CEM Slc BM2c Slc Slc Slc EMIc Flc Flc EM3c SSMB3c WT2c CK1c RM3c SM2c MM2c StM2c Slc GM1c F2c Slc Slc MM1c S2c RM3c CTC Slc Flc S2c RTIC F2c Cox Cox RdM3c Flc Slc RdM3c Slc Slc Slc Slc Slc S2c RdM3c Slc Slc CBM GM3c EM3c Slc RdM2c On Board for temporary duty under instruction. Tem porary duty to be completed on or about IO August 1945 in accordance with receipt authority. In Memory of William W. King, SCZ: 66 Looking for the Resurrection THE TUPEKA SUNG '4Now hear this TOPEKA, We have answered F reedom's call Sing out TOPEKA, Your the finest of them all. Now hear this TOPEKA, As we sail the Western Seag We'reton the go to Tokyo To strike a blow for libertyf' 142 THEE ll

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Topeka (CL 67) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1945 Edition, Page 99

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Topeka (CL 67) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1945 Edition, Page 52

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Topeka (CL 67) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1945 Edition, Page 85

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1945, pg 75

Topeka (CL 67) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1945 Edition, Page 141

1945, pg 141

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