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The U.S.5. TUPEHA
The Story of a Fighting Ship
and Her Fighting Men i
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The Officers and Men
of The U.S.S. Topeka
Captain Thomas L. Wattles, U.S.N.
Commander Oscar H. Dodson, U.S.N.
Chaplain Mitchell T. Ancker, U.s.N.R
Ensign H. W. Arthur, U.S.N.R.
,lack Irwin Leventhal, EM2c
Lt. Commander C. M. Williams, U.S.N
Ltfjgj E. F. Swann, U.S.N.
Those who waited,
Whose Love and Faith
Kept our Homes Inviolate
and whose prayers
Sustained us, always.
HEAR ADMIHAL IIAHI. F. HIILDEN, U.5.N.
Commanding Cruiser Division 18
REAR Admiral Carl F. Holden, U.S.N.,
was horn in Bangor, Maine. He entered the Naval Academy in 1913, and was grad-
uated in 1917. During World War 1 he served in destroyers operating out of
Queenstown, Ireland, and Brest, France. Until 1922 he continued duty in destroyers
as engineering officer, navigator, executive officer, etc.
From 1922 to 1924 Admiral Holden took post graduate Work in radio engineering,
taking the final year at Harvard University, which conferred a Masters Degree in
Electrical Communication Engineering.
'During the next three years he was Chief of Staff of Commander, Destroyer
Scouting Force in the Atlantic. 1927 to 1930 he was a member of the U. S. Naval
Mission to Brazil.
He returned to sea in 1931 as Communication Ofiicer in the U.S.S. Arizona. In the
latter part of 1932 he was on the Staff of Commander, Battleships Battle Force,
ln 1932 he took his first command as Commanding Officer of the Destroyer, U.S.S.
Tarbell. In June of 19341 when the Tarbell visited Portland, Oregon, during the
Tournament of Roses, Admiral Holden was knighted c'Knight of The Rose Cuba."
For two years until 1936 he served as DistrictfCommunication Officer in the 14th
Naval District at Honolulu, Hawaii. During the neXt two years he was Navigator of
the U.S.S. Idaho and Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Ramapo.
From 1938 to 1940 he was in the office of Chief of Naval Operations in charge of
all radio shore activities in the Director of Naval Communications office.
He was ordered to the U.S.S. Pennsylvania as Executive Officer in 1940. He was
with the ship in Pearl Harbor on the eventful December 7th, 1941. Early in January
1942, he was detached from the Pennsylvania and ordered to the Staff of Admiral
King as Communication Officer, U.S. Fleet in which capacity he served until 15 Sep-
tember when he became Director of Naval Communications.
On 15 April 1943, he was ordered as commanding officer of the new battleship
U.S.S. New Jersey which was commissioned in May 1943 and which after the normal
shakedown period and several months operation in the Atlantic proceeded to the
Pacific combat area in January 1944. The New Jersey joined the famous Task
Force 38, at its inception, and with Task Force 38, or Task Force 58, participated
in the Marshall Islands campaign, the first and second raids on Truk, the first raid
on the Palau Islands and in support of General MacArthur's New Guinea operation
off Hollandia in the spring of 1944. During this time the New Jersey participated
also in the bombardment of Mille and Ponape. After this she participated in the
Marianas operation which resulted in the capture of Guam, Tinian and Saipan and
in the first battle of the Philippines. In August 1944, the New Jersey became
the flagship of Admiral VV. F. Halsey, Jr., U.S.N. and in this capacity participated in
the capture of Peleleu in the Palau Islands, the operations against the Philippines
in support of the recapture of the Philippines, the second battle of the Philippines
and in the famous South China Sea operation of the Third Fleet in January 1945.
During this time, Okinawa, Formosa and other Japanese islands to the northward
of the Philippines were also raided by air assaults. He was detached from command
of the U.S.S. New Jersey in late January 1945 following which he was promoted
to the rank of Rear Admiral and ordered as Commander, Cruiser Division 18, a new
cruiser division of the Cleveland class. Cruiser Division 18 under his command
participated in the final stages of the Okinawa campaign and in the final assault on
the Japanese Empire from 10 July to 15 August 1945. During this time, the division
made a mid-night anti-shipping sweep of the entrance to Tokyo Bay and conducted
a bombardment of Nojima Saki at the entrance of Tokyo Bay. After this, the divi-
sion participated in the initial stages of the occupation of Japan.
During World War II, Rear Admiral Holden has been awarded the Legion of
Merit and Bronze Star. He has the pre-Pearl Harbor ribbon with one star, the Ameri-
can Theater ribbon and the Asiatic-Pacific ribbon on which he is entitled to wear ten
engagement stars, commencing with one for Pearl Harbor and terminating with the
one for participating in the final assault on the main islands of Japan. P
Rear Admiral Holden is married. His wife and daughter reside in Washington,
D. C. and a son, Lt. fjgj Carl F. Holden, Jr., a graduate of the U. S. Naval Academy,
Class of 1944, is a naval aviator.
BAPTMN THUMAS I.. WATTLES, U.5.N.
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APTAIN Thomas Lippitt Yvattles, the
Topeka's skipper, was horn July 15, 1900 at Elmington, Clarke County, Virginia,
the son of Charles William Wattles of Alexandria, and Mary Alexander Lippitt of
'LElmington". With War raging in Europe, and our own country taking up arms in
the confiict, the Captain won an appointment to Annapolis, which he entered in June
1917. He served as Midshipman on the U.S.S. Wisconsin during the summer of
1918. In June, 1920 he was graduated from the Naval Academy in the class of 1921
and was commissioned an Ensign.
His first ship was the' U.S.S. Oklahoma. Wihen detached from his duty he at-
tended and graduated from the Destroyer Engineering School' Afloat, serving under
instruction on various destroyers in the Atlantic Fleet. In October 1921 he reported
aboard his first cruiser, the U.S.S. Denver, Special Service Squadron, which was
operating in Central and South American waters. In contrast to the present, our
skipperliserved on that cruiser as an Ensign. His promotion to Lieutenant came
in June of 1923 while he was attached to the light cruiser Richmond. You will
note on the Skipperis uniform gold Dolphins, proud insignia of the Navyis Sub-
marine Service. After intensive training at New London, he was graduated from
Submarine School and in July 1926 the then Lieutenant Wattles reported to the
U.S.S. R-3, in Pearl Harbor for underseas duty. From June 1928 to June 1929 he
served as Commanding Officer of the R-3. Our Skipper then took up duties as the
Detachment Gunnery and the Torpedo Overhaul Officer at the Sub Base in Pearl.
Sent' to Newport, he was ordered to take the year long junior officers course at the
Naval War College.
Following June 1935, he served as personal Aide to Rear Admiral John Downes,
Commandant of the Ninth Naval District. On July 1, 1936 he was promoted to
The Captain commanded the destroyer Dahlgren operating in Pacific waters for
over a year. Through 1938 and 1939 he was the navigator of the U.S.S. Texas.
Ninteeen years after his graduation, the Skipper returned to Annapolis as a bat-
talion officer in the Executive Department, and in the first few months of 1911-2 was the
Executive Officer of Bancroft Hall. Again at sea, he served as Commander Destroyer
Squadron Sixteen, having been appointed a Captain on September 11, 1942. From
October 1943 to December 19441 he was the Pre-Commissioning Training Officer and
subsequently acting Chief of Staff and Assistant Chief of Staff to Commander Fleet
Operational Training Command, U. S. Atlantic Fleet.
Captain Wattles participated in the invasion of Morocco in November 1942 and
in the eventful invasion of Sicily in July 1943. He was awarded the Legion of Merit
for his excellent work in the Sicilian campaign.
The Captain married Annette McPherson Ashford of Washington, D. C., on No-
vember 3, 1923. They have two daughters, Ann Wattles Strangman, the wife of
Lieutenant Clive A. Strangman. U.S.N., and Mary Joan Wfattles.
The U. S. S
EUMMANDEH USE!-XB H. HUIISUN, U.5.N.
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OMMANDER Dodson was horn in
Houston, Texas on January 3, 1905. After graduating from Waco, Texas High School
he earned an appointment to Annapolis.
Prior to the present conflict, Commander Dodson served on board the USS. New
York, U.S.S. Pittsburg, U.S.S. Idaho and the U.S.S. Vincennes. The Commander
also took courses at the Naval Torpedo School, Newport, Rl. and the Naval Post
During the present war, he served as Communication Officer of the USS. Hornet,
during the Doolittle raid on Tokyo, which he has stated was his most thrilling ex-
perience of the war. While on the Hornet he participated in the Battle of Midway
and Battle of Santa Cruz, in which she was lost.
He served as staff Communication Officer on the staff of Admiral F. C. Sherman
in the carrier Enterprise. While he was staff communication ollicer for Admiral
A. E. Montgomery in the carriers Essex and Bunker Hill he participated in raids on
Wake Island, the Gilberts, the Marshalls, Truk and Rabaul. During the occupation
of the Gilberts, the Marshalls, Hollandia, New Guinea and the Marianas, Commander
Dodson was an important figure on board his ship.
Admiral Halsey awarded him the Silver Star medal for gallantry in action at the
Battle of Santa Cruz. He also wears the Presidential Unit Citation for duty in the
Commander Dodson is married to Pauline Wellbrock and is the father of a six
year old son, John. His wife's father, Captain Wellbrock, is now on active service
in Washington, D.C.
He is a student of numismatics, specializing in the collection of ancient Chinese,
Creek and Roman coins.
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One hundred eighty miles east of Tokyo, once-proud cap-
itol of the treacherous Japanese Empire, Task Force 38 of
the vaunted United States Third Fleet had just completed
launching another great air strike against the Japanese
homeland, and was steaming leisurely through the choppy
seas in defiance of possible enemy counter-attack.
On station in Task Group 38.1 was a relative newcomer,
the U.S.S. Topeka, CL67, very nearly the baby of the Fleet.
It is with her we are concerned. Condition Two Able-Able
-anti-aircraft readiness condition-had been set upon se-
curing from General Quarters. Nearly half the men aboard
her were on watch, manning the guns and directors, the
radios and radars, the lookout stations and the repair sta-
tions, the engines and boilers. The rest of the men were
just finishing breakfast or trying to catch a few minutes
sleep. Peace rumors and proposals had been flying back
and forth for several days, but there was no cessation of the
Navy's War against Japan. Another strike was to be
launched within the hour.
From squawk-boxes all over the ship came the momen-
tary, suspenseful hum that always precedes an announce-
ment. Then came the electrifying news: The Japanese had
capitulated to the Allied surrender terms, the war was over!
This -- participation in the final death-dealing blows
against the hated enemy and in victory for the United States
- was the Topeka's shining hour, the climax of her thus-
far brief career. It was, in effect, the end of a story, a story
that began with the laying of her keel, and continued
through her launching and commissioning, the gathering to-
gether of her crew from the four corners of the nation, the
shakedown cruise, the trip through the Panama Canal to
Pearl Harbor, the voyage westward through Ulithi to the
juncture with the Third Fleet, the stay at Leyte, the final
smashing offensive which brought the Japanese warlords to
their knees and peace to the world. The story would go on,
just as the Topeka would go on, but there would never be
another moment in her history to compare with the morning
of 15 August 1945.
if if -IG EG E?
It would be impossible to tell the whole story of the To-
peka and her men in one volume. This account will of nec-
essity cover only the high spots of that story, and will at-
tempt to preserve, for its sentimental value only, the career
of the U.S.S. Topeka. J
The story properly begins with the laying of the keel on
21 April 1943 at the Quincy Yard of the Bethlehem Steel
Company at Quincy, Mass. At that time most of the men
who were later to form the Topeka's crew were still work-
ing at civilian jobs or going to school. Others were aboard
ships of the fleet and would be transferred to the Topeka.
Some were to have their ships shot out from under them
before they joined the Topeka. American troops were fight-
ing in Italy and on the islands of the Pacific, and the rap-
idly-expanding Navy was dueling with the enemy on two
Sixteen months later, when the Topeka was launched on
19 August 1944, most of the Topekais crew had joined the
Navy and were being prepared for the job ahead at Shoot"
camps and special schools. By this time, American soldiers
were battling across France and the Navy had established
its dominance over most of the Pacific Ocean. But there
was still a lot of war to be fought. 1
During the early autumn of 1944 the first contingent of
the Topeka pre-commissioning detail arrived at Newport
NTS to begin the immense task of welding the ship and its
personnel into a unit. Captain Thomas L. Wattles, U.S.N.,
was to be the commanding officer of the ship, and Com-
mander O. H. Dodson, U.S.N., the executive officer. On 9
October, the pre-commissioning detail became official. From
then until the ship was commissioned in December, life was
a series of drills, happy hours, classes, watches and liberty
in Newport. fNote on Newport weather: Rain to-day and
tomorrowj Various groups of men took their specialized
training at places other than Newport. One group was as-
signed to the Cruiser Duluth during its shakedown cruise,
another was aboard the battleship Wyoming for gunnery
Ready To Launch
classes, others went to Philadelphia, Little Creek, Norfolk
and New London. By 20 December they were all back in
Newport, however, ready to leave for the commissioning on
the morning of the 23rd.
Meanwhile, in Quincy, another group of engineers, tech-
nicians and hull department men had been working aboard,
the ship for several months. They were the first of the crew
lo see the Topeka. What they saw was a Cleveland class
cruiser, carrying 12 6"f41-7 cal. guns in four turrets, 12
5738 cal. guns in six mounts, 10 40MM mounts and 10
ZOMM mounts, with an overall length of 610 feet, and a
beam of 61 feet, displacement of 10,000 tons and a top
speed of 32 knots.
Although work on the ship was far from completed, she
was ready to be commissioned on 23 December 19441. For
this ceremony the entire crew was to be brought together
aboard the ship, and was to live aboard her thereafter. The
pre-commissioning training was over, and those who thought
that training had been rugged, obviously did not know what
the future held.
On the afternoon of Saturday, 23 December 1944, the
Topeka became a part of the vast United States Fleet when
she was put in commission at the South Boston Navy Yard
with traditional pomp and ceremony.
During the morning, the pre-commissioning detail ar-
rived from Newport and was embarked along with a draft
of men from the Fargo Barracks in Boston. For the ma-
jority of the men, this was the first time they had ever been
on board a U.S. Navy warship, and for a good many of
it was the first timethey had ever been aboard any-
thing more imposing than a flat-bottomed skiff. Due to a
rigid time schedule, it was necessary for the men to be-
come acquainted in very short order with the location of
their living compartments, bunks, lockers, and the mess
halls, and for a short time, a mild chaos was more or less
the order of the day.
Shortly after noon, the stage was set for the commission-
ing. Under dull leaden skies, with a hint of snow in the air,
the ofhcers and crew assembled by divisions on the main
deck aft of turret four, where the long, graceful barrels of
the after six-inch guns formed an ominous backdrop for the
ceremony. The crack ,Marine color guard and the Navy
band from the Boston Receiving Station completed the
Promptly at 1400, Bear Admiral Felix X. Gygax, U'.S.N.,
Commandant First Naval District, read the order of the
Navy Department to commission the ship. Upon comple-
tion, the band struck up the national anthem, and the Na-
tional Ensign, the lack, and the Commission Pennant were
hoisted, followed by the hoisting of the Commandant's per-
Captain Wattles accepted command of the ship from Rear
Admiral Gygax, and ordered the watch set. The Topeka
was ofiicially in commission.
Brief speeches by the Honorable Leverett Saltonstall,
Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, and the
Honorable Frank J. W'arren, Mayor of the City of Topeka.
Kansas, followed. ln behalf of the people of Topeka, Mr.
Warren presented the ship with a loud speaker system and
an album of records. The final ceremony was the presenta-
tion to the Captain by Rear Admiral Gygax of the Bronze
Star Medal for an uimportant contribution to the war effort"
made when Captain Wattles was pre-commissioning officer
for all types of vessels on the staff of the Commander,
Operational Training Command, U.S. Atlantic Fleet.
By 1600 all guests had left the ship and 15 minutes later
the first of what was to be a long succession of general
drills was held.
The commissioning ceremonies had been impressive to
the utmost, and the minds of officers and men had been
opened to the full significance of what lay ahead. But it
was the beginning of the Christmas weekend, and no one
knew where the next Christmas would be spent. When lib-
erty call sounded at 1700, the commissioning became a
thing of the past, the most important matter of the moment
was-HWhat kind of a liberty town is Boston?'l
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Life aboard the new ship began in earnest after the
Christmas weekend. There was still a great deal of work to
be done before the Topeka could be taken out to sea, and
every day three shifts of workmen came aboard. It was vir-
tually impossible to hold a real field day, but cleaning de-
tails were busy every day trying to keep some semblance of
order and cleanliness on the ship. Long days were spent
loading equipment, stores, and ammunition. General drills
were held nearly every day. And underscoring every activ-
ity was thefcacophony of riveting, welding, drilling, and
chipping, punctuated by the bells from the giant cranes and
the hoarse whistles of ships in the harbor.
lt wasn't all work, however. Liberty was on a two-out-
of-three basis, and deaf as they might be to other calls,
there was not a S2fc on the ship who couldn,t recognize
liberty call when it was sounded at 1630. Boston was a
good liberty town, and in some quarters Topeka men will
not soon be forgotten. e
The big event of the pre-shakedown period in Boston was
the Topeka dance at the Hotel Statler on 8 January. ln the
ballroom which was banked with huge floral decorations
instead of the customary flags, more than 600 Topeka offi-
cers and men danced until the small hours of the morning.
Highlight of the affair was the Grand March led by Captain
Wattles, at the conclusion of which Captain Wattles danced
with Mrs. Mumford, pretty wife of the Topeka,s junior sea-
man, William Mumford, and Commander Dodson danced
with Mrs. Barba, the charming wife of Alex Barba, second
junior man aboard.
Presentation of the Battle Flag, purchased with the pen-
nies of the school children of Topeka and presented to the
ship by the City of Topeka, was another high spot of the
evening. This flag will be returned to the city to be pre-
served in its memorial library.
ln the middle of the evening, the lights were dimmed, the
music stopped, and a huge cake, adorned with a model of
the ship was wheeled to the center of the floor. The three
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senior petty officers, C. F. Keenan, C. Adams and E. G.
Gallery, all of them BM1fc, cut the cake and delivered the
first piece to Captain Wattles.
Later in the evening the decks were cleared for action,
and after a wild flurry of flying feet and impossible maneu-
vers, the prize for the jitterbug contest was awarded to
Paul Lopez, Slfc, dancing with Mrs. Harold Crider, wife
of H. D. Crider, BM1fc.
Credit of the success of the dance went to the committee
in charge-Lt. Partridge, Lt. Bracken, Lt. tjgj Murray,
Thomas, BMlfc, Keenan, BMlfc, and Crider, BMlfc, with
an assist to Miss Bradley, dance director of the USO, and
George Carens, newspaper writer, for their help.
The days were running by almost too fast, for there was
much to be done. On 18 January, the Topeka shoved off
to sea for the first time with her own crew to make a high
speed run north of Cape Cod. The first, unpleasant cases
of seasickness made their appearance, but the run itself was
a success, all things considered.
On 21 January the ship left port again, this time for a
week of intensive drills in Massachusetts Bay. These readi-
ness for sea exercises included general drills, gunnery drills,
magnetic compass calibration and radio direction Hnder
calibration. The weather was raw and biting, and night
watches on deck were even more bitterly cold than they had
been in port. On 25 January the ship returned to south
Boston for final loading of provisions and ammunition
before leaving on the shakedown. It was the last liberty in
Boston for nearly six weeks.
At 0004 on 27 January the Topeka was under way for
Chesapeake Bay, Virginia, on the first leg of the shakedown
cruise, with the destroyer Mayrant as screen. The trip to
Norfolk will long belremembered by most of the oHicers
and men as one of the roughest junkets they ever took.
High seas broke over the Topeka's bow in great bursts of
green water, and the long sickening swells took a high toll
of white-faced boots and salty sailors alike. During the
day the ship changed course to answer a merchant's ship's
distress call, but other ships were able to reach the mer-
chantman before the Topeka and her services were not
needed. Some of the men found relief from seasickness only
in their sacks, despite admonitions that fresh air was the
best cure, and others, of a more playful nature, carried
buckets with them as they went to watch. It was little con-
solation to the enlisted man to know that in the Junior
OHicer's Bunkroom very unhappy and unsalty Ensigns had
crawled to what they hoped would be their final resting
place. During the two-day run, 5" and 6" structural firing
tests were conducted, and on the evening of 28 January the
ship anchored in Hampton Roads.
The next week was spent in Chesapeake Bay conducting
general drills and gunnery drills. By this time nearly ev-
eryone aboard recognized the bugle calls for fire drill, fire
the rescue drill, prepare to abandon ship, and even more
noteworthy, knew what to do when they heard the call
over the squawk-box. Gunnery exercises included surface
firing at towed sleds and anti-aircraft firing at towed sleeves
and at drones, remarkable little miniature, radio-controlled
aircraft which can do everything a Jap Betty can do and a
lot more besides.
On the afternoon of 4 February the ship got underway
from Norfolk for the Naval Operating Base at Trinidad,
British West Indies, one of the bases which the United
States obtained in the famed M50 old destroyersn deal with
Great Britain. The ship was scarcely out of Chesapeake
Bay before the sea began to act up again and as the Topeka
swung south off Cape Hatteras in company with a sister
ship, the Oklahoma City, CL9l, and the destroyers Gainard
and Purdy, there were men aboard who felt that their des-
tiny would have been served much better had they joined
the Army and been lying in a dirty foxhole, which, despite
its obvious faults, would at least have been immovable.
They all survived, however, and within two days a tropi-
cal sun was beating down on the ship and the calm blue
waters around her. En route to Trinidad, general drills and
tactical exercises were conducted daily, sunbathing was per-
mitted during the middle of the day, and Joe Doakes, S2fc,
was beginning to see where they had gotten the beautiful
pictures he had seen in the recruiting station. On 9 Febru-
ary the ship arrived in the Gulf of Paria, where she was to
spend the next 18 days on as rugged a daily schedule as her
crew had ever experienced.
Trinidad was by no stretch of the imagination a tropical
paradise. The barren, sun-dried hills rose out of the sea to
form a dull yellow-and-gray wall around the gulf. Perched
on the northern rim of the South American continent, the
island itself was a little more than 600 miles north of the
equator. The sun hammered down on the ship relentlessly,
and there was little relief from the heat below-decks or
For 18 days the ship and crew ran through drill after
drill designed to make them ready for actual battle. Day
and night, the 6" and 5" guns fired at towed sleds and en-
gaged in offset firing battles with the Oklahoma City. And
day and night the 5", 401VIlVI and 20lVIlVl guns fired at towed
sleeves and drones. It was simply practice, practice, prac-
tice. In between firing, there were damage control prob-
lems, fire drills, salvage drills, prize crew drills and aban-
don ship drills. At regular intervals there was a complete
battle problem which involved gunnery, tactics, damage
control and materiel and personnel casualties. Tactical ex-
ercises were held nearly every day, and there were two
shore bombardment rehearsals by the 5" and 6" guns. As a
climax to the training a complete inspection, plus battle
problem and damage control, was conducted aboard the
Topeka by personnel of the Oklahoma City, and the same
was conducted aboard the Oklahoma City by Topeka per-
sonnel. This was in preparation for the all-important in-
spection in Norfolk which was to come later.
Every fourth or fifth day the ship anchored off the Navy
base in Trinidad, and liberty within the N.O.B. was granted
for enlisted men and at the Macqueripe Officers' Club for
ofhcers. This liberty consisted mainly of drinking beer or
malted milks and trying to find suitable souvenirs to take
The one big question on everyone's tongue as the shake-
down period was drawing to a close was that of leave in
the States when the ship returned. Just before the ship left
Trinidad, the Captain announced that, providing the Topeka
passed its inspection in Norfolk satisfactorily, 10-day leave
for everyone aboard would be given, the first leave to begin
the day the ship reached Boston. No greater tonic could
have been issued, and on 28 February, the Topeka steamed
out of the Gulf of Paria with visions of home in everyoneis
En route to the States, off Culebra Island, one of the
Virgin Islands, the ship stopped for shore bombardment,
then continued directly to Norfolk, again in company with
the Oklahoma City. As usual, tactical and general drills
were held along the way, and on 4 March the ship moored
The next two days were spent getting the ship ready for
the big inspection to be conducted by the Commander Op-
erational Training Command, U. S. Atlantic Fleet, and in
assisting in the inspection of the Oklahoma City. This in-
spection was to be held on 7 and 8 March and would in-
clude a Military Inspection, Battle Problem and Damage
Control Inspection. Failure to pass would mean additional
weeks of training before the Topeka would be considered
fit to take her rightful place in the battle line of the United
On 7 March, Rear Admiral C. F. Bryant, USN, Com-
mander Operational Training Command, U. S. Atlantic
Fleet, assisted by his staff and personnel of the Oklahoma
City, inspected all parts of the ship and all personnel of the
ship. The next day, with Rear Admiral Bryant and his staff
aboard, the Topeka went out to sea for the Battle Problem
and Damage Control Inspection. With all the background
of intensive training, the inspections were not as difficult as
had been anticipated. With remarkably few exceptions,
everything was more than shipshape, and the Topeka came
through with flying colors.
Immediately after the inspection, the ship shoved off for
Boston and home. En route, there was drone firing off
Cape May, New Jersey. Shortly before noon on 10 March,
the Topeka tied up in South Boston, and within an hour
half the officers and men had left the ship and were off on
their leaves, with the other half waiting to go as soon as the
first group returned. The shakedown cruise was over, it
would not be long now.
99 'FF if if -39
The first leave party was gone until 20 March, and the
second party left immediately upon their return. By 31
March all hands were back on the ship. During the leave
periods those men present stood watch-on-watch becauseof
the shortage of men. There was liberty every second night,
however, and when both parties had returned liberty was
put on a three-out-of-four basis, time spent, no doubt, im-
proving the mind with the aid of the cultural advantages
offered by the city of Boston.
There was a great deal of work to be done on the ship
during this time, and the chippers and riveters were at it
again day and night-mostly night. No one knew for cer-
tain when the ship would get underway again, but everyone
knew that when she did, it would be for points west.
The second Topeka dance was held the night of 4 April,
again in the Statler ballroom, and again the Topekais finest
and their lovely ladies made a memorable night of it. If
there was an neat, drink and be merry for tomorrow we go
to sea" attitude observed, it was wholly understandable-
and Boston girls had been contending with that line for
over two years anyhow.
Early the afternoon of 10 April the ship got underway
and steamed slowly out of Boston harbor. For most of the
officers and men it was the last sight of the United States
for several months, but characteristically, very few of them
gave it a second thought. The Topeka was en route to Pearl
Harbor via the Panama Canal. The end of both the Euro-
pean and Pacific wars was in sight, though no one dared
hope it would come as soon as it did. Eighteen months in
the Pacific looked like a good bet---if the Zhip was lucky.
On the way to Panama it was the usual round of general
drills, gunnery exercises and tactical exercises. OH' Culebra
Island the 6" and 5" batteries had another shore bombard-
ment. On 15 April the ship anchored at the U. S. Naval
Base at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, and a fortunate group got
ashore for a few hours to drink American beer and Ameri-
can malted milks. The next two days were spent in gunnery
exercises in the operating areas off Guantanamo Bay. The
morning of 19 April the ship was at the eastern entrance to
the Panama Canal, and a Hrope yarn Sundayn, which is
Navy for holiday, was declared. Only the deck, engine
room and communication watches were stood. Everyone
else was free to find himself a comfortable spot topside and
watch the Canal go by.
Off . . .
It took the entire day to negotiate the Canal, from the
Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean. and not the least amazing as-
pect of the trip was that the ship traveled southeasterly,
instead of westerly direction, due to the fact that the isthmus
of Panama nearly doubles back on itself in connecting the
North and South American continents.
The Panama Canal is truly one of the great wonders of
the modern world. The isthmus is formed by a range of
rugged mountains which are the southern extremity of the
American Rockies. It is necessary, by a system of giant
locks, figuratively to lift the great ships over the mountains
and deposit them on the other side. The lock system is
relatively simple in theory, but it becomes grandiose when
it is conceived and engineered on the tremendous scale of
the Panama Canal. The ship steams into the first lock and
the gates are secured astern. Water is pumped into the en-
closed area, raising the ship to the height of the water
beyond the gates forward. Then the gates forward of the
ship are opened and the ship steams into these waters.
There are three series of locks raising the ship to the level
of Lake Gatun in the middle of the isthmus, and three more
which lower it to the level of the ocean on the other side.
Along all lock chambers powerful cable cars, called elec-
tric mules, on either side of the canal pull the ship into
position within the locks. The gates separating the locks
are also used as pedestrian bridges.
Shut in from the cooling breezes of the sea by the high
hills on both sides, it was intensely hot during the transit
of the Canal, and the leisurely manner in which the canal'
workers maneuvered the ship.-plus an occasional bright-
frocked native girl-kept nearly everyone topside for the
entire trip. Late in the afternoon, just before mooring,
sight of the heavy carrier Franklin en route home with her
decks twisted and charred, cast a momentary measure of
forboding over the ship.
The Topeka moored that night alongside a dock in Balboa,
Canal Zone, and the first real liberty in a foreign port be-
gan shortly thereafter. Everyone on the ship went ashore
either that night or the next, and these were perhaps the
most memorable libertiesjin the Topekais career.
Balboa, in the Canal Zone. is a quiet, sober, Army and
Navy controlled community. But the city of Panama, in the
Republic of Panama, is a sensational, wide-open, dirty,
native-controlled Rabelaisian city. A single avenue separ-
ates the two geographically, but from a sanitary, cultural,
moral or spiritual standpoint, they are worlds apart. Sailors
linger in Balboa only long enough to cadge a ride to Pana-
ma. Even Chaplain Albrecht was seen in Panama, giving
the main drag the jaundiced eye and the curled lips. Sou-
venirs were available at highly infiated prices, and many
Hwlelcome to Panama" pillow covers will bring Topekamen
daydreams and nightmares as they settle down on the family
sofa in years to come.
On the morning of 2I April the Topeka, still in company
with the Oklahoma City shoved off from Balboa en route
to Pearl Harbor. Speculation on the possibility of making
a west coast port was soon dispelled-the ship was taking
the direct route to Pearl.
Again the tedious but necessary round of drills, exercises,
and classes began, interrupted only by Captain's inspection.
In addition, large numbers of men were studying for ad-
vancement in rate. It was an ll.-day trip to Pearl Harbor,
but there was little time for idleness--the Navy was cling-
ing tenaciously to its timeless policy that a busy man is a
happy man. On the afternoon of 2 May the Topeka stood
into historic Pearl Harbor, backdrop for the uday that will
live in infamyfl
The ship remained in the Hawaiian area for I9 days, but
her crew had little time to spare. Since this was the last
major Navy base the Topeka would enter for some time, it
was necessary to make all required repairs here, and to load
up to the hilt with stores and ammunition. On three dif-
ferent occasions, the ship steamed out to sea for three and
four day periods of gunnery exercises--certain requirements
of the Pacific Fleet had to be satisfied, and again the
Topeka came through with one of the 'highest gunnery
scores ever earned by a light cruiser. Exercises included the
customary drone, sleeve and sled firing, plus shore bom-
bardment of Kahoolawe Island.
On the days the ship was in port, all-day liberty was
granted by sections. Honolulu, the Royal Hawaiian Hotel
and Waikiki Beach were the principal points of interest.
Buses were chartered for day-long excursions around the
island of Oahu, including a stop at one of the pineapple
processing plants. One evening a troupe of Hawaiian en-
tertainers were brought aboard to present what was billed
as a typical Hawaiian show. And of course, the souvenir
hunters found Hawaii ready and waiting for them.
On 22 May the Topeka steamed out of Pearl Harbor. en
route to Ulithi Atoll in the Western Caroline Islands. The
ship and its crew were now presumed to be ready for com-
bat. Aboard her was Commander Cruiser Division 18, Rear
Admiral Carl F. Holden, USN, and his staff, and accom-
panying her was her old friend, the Oklahoma City. Three
days after leaving Pearl, the ship crossed the 180th meridian
--the International Date Line-and the date jumped over-
night from 25 May to 27 May, leaving out 26 May entirely.
For the benefit of those men who lost a birthday in the
shuffle, every man whose birthday was 26 May was given a
special birthday cake on 27 May. There still remains some
confusion in their minds, however, about how old they are
now. Crossing the International Date Line also made every-
one aboard eligible for membership in the uSacred Order
of the Golden Dragon," and membership cards were issued
to all hands later.
Amidst the regular round of exercises and drills the ship
continued westward, and on I June steamed into Ulithi to
anchor near an island which bore the fascinating name of
Ulithi is a typical Pacific coral atoll, consisting of a
string of small coral islands which form a sort of circle,
the center of which becomes a reasonably sheltered harbor.
Because it was only 60 miles from the Jap-held island of
Yap, the ship maintained gun watches throughout the short
stay there. Liberty was granted morning and afternoon to
play ball, swim and drink beer and coke.
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Mog Mog Island, where the liberty parties went ashore,
still had a number of native thatched huts, but most of the
natives had been carried away by the Japanese or removed
to other islands of the atoll. Native cemeteries were every-
where on the island, and despite the presence of the newly
constructed Navy buildings, there was a timeless air of
placid permanence to the place.
On 4 June the Topeka steamed out of Ulithi in company
with the carrier Bon Homme Richard, the Oklahoma City
and two destroyers to join with the fueling group then on
its way to rendezvous with Task Force 38. The ship was at
last about to move into the front line.
The rendezvous with Task Force 38 was effected on 6
June, and the Topeka was ordered into Task Force 38.1,
one of the groups comprising Task Force 38. The ship was
now fulfilling the role for which she was designed-she
was a part of the Fast Carrier Task Force whose mission
was to destroy Japanese shipping, aircraft and shore in-
stallations and whose lightning raids up and down the
tenuously stretched Japanese Empire were fast annihilating
the Japanese Fleet and demoralizing the Japanese govern-
ment. These Task Groups were ordinarily composed of a
half-dozen carriers, three or four battleships, seven or eight
cruisers and a score or more destroyers. With their speed
and fighting power, plus their ability to stay at sea for in-
definite periods, they were the 'most devasting and most
feared forces in the history of naval warfare.
The group which the Topeka joined consisted of the
carriers Hornet, Bennington, and Bon Homme Richard, the
Battleships Indiana, Massachusetts, and Alabama, the light
carriers San Jacinto and Belleau Wood, the heavy cruisers
Baltimore and Quincy, the light cruisers San Juan, Okla-
homa City, Atlanta and Topeka, and 15 destroyers. The
group was operating about 300 miles east of Okinawa.
On June 8 the carriers of the group launched an aircraft
strike in support of the Okinawa campaign against enemy
aircraft and installations on southern Kyushu, one of the
three principal islands of the Japanese homeland. This was
the Topeka's first taste of offensive action against the enemy.
The ship went to General Quarters for the launching of the
strike and for the recovery of the planes when they returned
from the strike. This procedure was to become routine in
the days to come, but on this day it was new and highly
exciting. The crew had been warned that the greatest
danger lay in the recovery of the planes by the carriers,
for the Japanese aircraft frequently followed the planes
back to the Task Group to attack at the time of recovery,
when the carriers were most vulnerable.
A few minutes after noon that day, the shrill call of air
defense sounded over the ships Hsquawk-boxesf' Thirteen
hundred men raced to their battle stations, believing that
this, finally, was it. As it turned out, a bogey-unidentified
aircraft-had been detected closing on the group, but it
was identified as friendly just after the men reached their
battle stations. This, too, was to become a familiar proce-
dure, for it was not always possible to identify planes as
friendly until they were close to the group.
On 9 June the group fueled at sea in the morning and
launched another air strike in the afternoon, and the fol-
lowing day another strike was launched against Okino
Daito Shima. For this strike, the Topeka lanuched one of
its seaplanes for the air-sea rescue, but its services were
Late that day the entire group was underway for San
Pedro Bay, Leyte, Philippine Islands. The Topeka had had
herfirst opportunity-however short and indecisive it may
have been-of playing on the first team. From now until
the war ended, she would be a regular member of the first
Three days later, with the decks hot enough to fry an
egg from the merciless beating of the sun, the ship anchored
in San Pedro Bay for minor repairs, painting and a general
The 18-day stay at Leyte would have been more welcome
had it not been for the weather. The sun bore down relent-
lessly, and it was virtually impossible to sleep below-decks
at night. From 1900 on, the topside decks were jam-packed
with sleeping men. Those who cultivated the sun emerged
with magnificently tanned skins. Because of the threat
of enemy air action, gun watches were maintained just as
they had been at sea. One night all the ships in the harbor
were alerted by the shore radar station, but again the bogey
turned out to be friendly. '
Liberty facilities at Leyte were limited, to put it mildly.
The crew went ashore in groups of 200 or more to drink
beef, SWIIH and play ball, but the oppressive heat confined
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their activities to drinking beer and trying to trade with the
natives for souvenirs. Most of the trading was for Philip-
pine money, but the great quantities of clean crisp bills
substantiated the story that the natives had obtained posses-
sion of the presses on which the Japs had turned out occu-
pation currency and were printing new money as fast as the
sailors would buy it. There were too, the usual stories of
what one could obtain in exchange for a package of Ameri-
Time passed rapidly, and before long the word was
passed around that the Task Force would get underway 1
July for another series of smashing attacks on the Japanese
homeland, these attacks to be co-ordinated with the pulver-
izing bombing tactics of the Army's B-29s.
When the ship steamed out of San Pedro Bay on 1 July.
it was generally believed that she would be back in again
within six or eight weeks, no one knew how much history
would be written before the Topeka dropped anchor again.
For nine days the Task Force tuned up for battle with
numerous drills and practices, including a mock battle be-
tween two groups of battleships, cruisers and destroyers.
Enemy mines were spotted every day and exploded by
destroyers of the screen. The great concern shown over the
sighting of mines in daylight led to a certain amount of
cynical discussion about the mines that must be just as nu-
merous at night when they could not be seen.
The group moved slowly north from Leyte during these
nine days. Task Force 38.1, of which the Topeka was again
a member, was composed of the carriers Bennington, Lex-
ington and Hancock, the light carriers San Jacinto and
Belleau Wood, the battleships South Dakota, Indiana and
Massachusetts, the light cruisers Atlanta, Dayton, Okla-
homa City, Amsterdam, and Topeka, the AA cruiser San
Juan and about 18 destroyers.
On the morning of 10 July the Task Force, composed of
Task Groups 38.1, 38.3 and 38.4-, was ready to renew the
onslaught against Japan. From a point off the eastern coast
of Honshu, the central and most important of the three Jap-
anese islands, a mammoth air strike was launched against
the Tokyo Plains area, which includes the most heavily
populated and most highly industrialized sections of Japan.
From 0400 all through the day the planes roared off the
carriers, and flew in to their targets, dropped their bombs
and returned to be recovered, loaded, gassed and again
launched. This routine was typical of the strike days to
follow. As many as 2,000 missions would be flown in a day
by the carrier planes. On this day, as in days to come, little
opposition was encountered by the pilots although at some
targets the anti-aircraft fire was moderate to heavy.
The Topekais job on strike days was to maintain a sharp
radar and lookout watch for enemy planes about to attack
the Task Group, to open fire and destroy enemy planes as
directed, and to supply air-sea rescue planes as ordered.
During these days the ship went to General Quarters for
launching and recovery of planes and twhenever enemy
planes approached the formation, and maintained Condition
Two Able-Able, with half to two-thirds of the men on watch,
the rest of the time. Although few enemy planes, except
those that were apparently suicide reconnaissance missions,
approached close enough to cause any great alarm, it was a
grueling routine, particularly for the anti-aircraftjbattery,
the lookouts, and Combat Information Center.
By sunset all planes had been recovered and the night
combat air patrol had been launched. The group retired
for fueling on 11 and 12 July, then steamed north for an
attack on Hokkaido, the northernmost of the three principal
islands, on the 13th. Foul weather prevented effective air
strikes on the 13th, but on the 14th a full-scale attack was
launched with enemy planes, enemy airfields and certain
industrial points the targets. As on the 10th over the Tokyo
area, many planes were destroyed on the ground and little
opposition was encountered in the air. The Japanese either
had run out of planes or were saving them for the expected
invasion of the homeland. About noon two planes ap-
proached the formation but were shot down by the combat
air patrol before they could do any damage. The next day,
the 15th, was in general a repetition of the 14th. That night
the group retired for fueling the following day.
While fueling on 16 July the Task Force was joined by a
British task group of carriers, battleships, cruisers and
destroyers, which was to conduct future air operations in
conjunction with Task Force
By the morning of the 17th the ships had again reached a
point off Tokyo for scheduled strikes on that and the next
day. Bad weather interferred again, however. The first two
strikes of the day were launched on the 17th, but then the
weather closed in, preventing any further operations that
day or the next. But those who thought that operations
were setting into a routine were due for a surprise that
At 1630 on 18 July the Topeka, along with her sister
cruisers the Dayton, Oklahoma City and Atlanta, was de-
tached from the Task Group for a shipping sweep off the
eastern entrance to Tokyo Bay, within easy range of Jap
warships, planes, and even shore batteries. Purpose of the
mission was to destroy enemy shipping encountered and to
bombard the southern tip of Nojima Cape. Navigating
largely by radar, the four cruisers with -their destroyer
screen, commanded by Rear Admiral Holden, USN, in the
Topeka, approached the Japanese homeland in the early
evening. At about 2200, radar contact was made with an
unidentified surface craft. Two destroyers were sent out to
investigate, but the contact turned out to be an American
Just before midnight, steaming in column, the cruisers
opened fire on Japanese radar installations on Nojima Cape.
Belching flame and destruction, the 6" guns fired salvo after
salvo toward shore in an awe-inspiring spectacle, and the
target was seen to explode in a quick flash as the projectiles
reached their objective,
The Task Unit proceeded westward from Nojima Cape
and reached a point 45 miles south of Tokyo, the closest to
the .Japanese capital that any enemy force had ever been
since the days of Genghis Kahn in the 13th century. Turn-
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ing south, the unit swept through the outer reaches of Tokyo
Bay searching in vain for Japanese shipping. Although il
was obvious that the unit had been picked up by Japanese
radar, neither enemy planes nor ships ventured out to give
battle. At 0135 on 19 Jul.y, having completed the sweep
the unit turned east to rendezvous with the rest of the Task
Force. En route, the radars picked up a single unidentified
plane which closed and was taken under fire. The plane
quickly withdrew and was not again detected.
lnsignificant as it may have been tactically, the sweep
made history in a small way for the Topeka, and provided
another tip-off that the Japanese were about at the end of
their rope. It might have been a dangerous mission, but
the Japanese were unable, or unwilling, to make it so.
Foul weather prevented further strikes until 211- July. On
that day and the next the planes from the Task Force car-
riers struck at enemy shipping in the vicinity of Kure and
reported successful completion of their missions. Un the
early evening of the 25th several -enemy planes followed
the carrier planes back to the Task Force and were shot
down by the combat air patrol without inflicting any dam-
age to our forces.
The force again retired for fueling, and struck once more
at Kobe and Kure on the 28th and 29th of July. By this
time the Japanese were suffering from a bad case of jitters
because they were unable to keep up with the movements of
the Third Fleet and never knew where it was going to strike
next. Further, any one strike might have been the prelude
to invasion at that point. With their fleet a negligible fac-
tor, their air force shot to pieces and their major cities in
ruins, the Japanese were looking at a black present and an
even blacker future.
On the afternoon of 29 July the Task Force shifted its
position again. and on the 30th and 31st struck at the
Tokyo-Nagoya area once more with devastating effects, then
retired for fueling.
For seven days no operations against the empire were
undertaken while the Task Force fueled and engaged in
anti-aircraft firing practice, moving gradually north to a
position east of Honshu.
Again on 9 and 10 August Task Force 38 struck savagely
at the Japs, this time hitting northern Honshu with indus-
trial centers and airfields, as well as aircraft, the principal
targets. And on the 9th the Topeka, by the daring of one of
its officers, stood momentarily in the limelight.
On that day the Topeka had the routine air-sea rescue
assignment. Purpose of the assignment is to recover from
the water pilots of downed carrier aircraft. 1n the middle
of the morning the Topeka was ordered to send a plane to
the rescue of a downed British pilot from a British carrier
operating with Task Force 38.
Ensign Harry Poindexter, USNB, who is equally at home
in a stud poker session, took off in his SC-1 Seahawk, a one-
seater seaplane with space in the fuselage aft of the pilot
to stuff a passenger, and flew to the point where the pilot
had been reported downed, less than a mile from the Jap-
anese beach and within range of shore batteries. Setting
his plane down in the water, Ensign Poindexter picked up
the British aviator, and was about to return to the ship when
he was informed by radio that another British pilot had
been downed about live miles away and was in the water.
With some difhculty, Poindexter took off in the choppy
water with his passenger and flew to the second pilot.
While he knew that he could jam another passenger into
the fuselage with only some slight discomfort to the passen-
gers, Poidexter also knew that his light plane would be
heavily over-balanced and might very well not be capable
of taking off from the somewhat heavy seas. However, rather
than leave the aviator to the mercy of the sea and the ma-
chine-gunning Jap pilots, Poindexter set his plane down
again and took the second pilot aboard.
With friendly fighter planes circling overhead as protec-
tion against Jap planes, Poindexter gunned his tail-heavy
plane over the water and forced it into the air more by will
power than anything else. When he radioed that he was
bringing in two passengers, one of them badly injured, in
his one-seater plane, half the shipis company was on the
fantail to receive him and the Task Force Commander sent
a message to the Topeka asking for complete details of the
rescue. For his daring and courageous achievement in the
D . 23
face of great odds, Ensign Poindexter was awarded the Dis-
tinguished Flying Cross.
On the evening of 10 August the ships retired again for
fueling, but by this time there was but one item of conver-
sation throughout the Topeka. A stateside radio news
broadcast had told first of the Russian entry into the war,
then of the devastating atomic bomb, and finally of the re-
ported Japanese offer to surrender, which was supposed to
have been transmitted to the U. S. and British governments
through a neutral. Shortly after that, another report made
the first official. Then there was no further news for a
couple of days. But the ship was bright with jubilation for
the long days of darkness seemed nearly at an end.
With ine contempt for the Japanese efforts to extricate
themselves short of unconditional surrender, Task Force 38
struck furiously at Tokyo again on 13 August, rested on 14
August, and that night moved back into position for another
attack on 15 August.
Meanwhile, newsbroadcasts from the states crackled with
facts, rumors, speculation and hope. The Allied govern-
ments had answered Tokyois plea for peace with a defiant
reiteration that only unconditional surrender-specifically,
an Allied Supreme Commander to whom the Emperor
would be subservient-could bring an end to the holocaust
which was crushing Japan. The world was awaiting the
Japanese response, and in the little part of the world aboard
the Topeka all the emotions that had been released by the
earlier announcements were being held in check amid the
deafening quietness which fell over the ship.
At dawn on the-15th, the first wave of planes was
launched, and the second. Before they reached their targets,
the great news broke over the Task force like a tropical
storm and the planes were recalled. Aboard the Topeka,
men were going wild, singing, yelling, whistling and danc-
ing. On the battle stations and living compartments, on the
forecastle and in the wardroom, the word was the same:
THE AHMIHAI. AND THE CAPTAIN
. Y h . ' I f. 1
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Very Businesslike Too . . .
The war is over -we're going home!! And in the quieter,
reflective after glow, men thanked God for the end of the
bloodshed and maiming and killing.
54' 42 41- 62 QE
The shooting was not quite over-some of the Jap pilots
apparently failed to get the word. For the next three days,
Task Force 38 cruised in an area southeast of Tokyo and
several Jap planes spotted near the formation were shot
down by the combat air patrol and by the ship's anti-air-
craft batteries. After 18 August however, no more enemy
planes were seen.
Acting on instruc.tions, the Topeka had meanwhile or-
ganized' a landing party to go ashore in Japan to secure
naval bases and air strips prior to the landing of the occu
The Topeka's landing party consisted of Commander
Becker, Lieutenant Willis, Marine Lieutenant Joens, the
Topekais detachment of Marines numbering 41 men, and
one yeoman. These men boarded the APA Garrard, on 19
August, and on 30 August, after being delayed by the ty-
phoons, went ashore shortly after the fourth Marine Com-
bat Team which had hit the beach in full battle dress pre-
pared for any emergency. The Topeka's landing party,
therefore, was among the first American troops to occupy
Immediately upon landing, the battalion of which the
Topeka's group was a part moved to secure the Yokosuka
air strip, which they held throughout the signing of the
surrender and until relieved by the Fourth Marines. At no
time did they encounter any resistance from the Japanese
and on'8 September they returned to the Topeka, loaded
with souvenirs and tall stories.
The next four weeks were the longest in the short history
of the ship. From the 20th to the 23rd the ship received
fuel, supplies and passengers for transfer to other ships,
was detached from Task Group 38.1 and joined Task Group
38.3, and cruised about in an area 180 miles southeast of
Tokyo. On the 23rd the Task Group headed west to patrol
the area south of central Honshu. Arriving in the desig-
nated area uStripes'i, it was learned that two typhoons were
moving toward the group from the south, one slightly West
and the other slightly east.
It was impossible to avoid the outer perimeter of both
typhoons, and as a result the Topeka put in a few very
rough days with the ship wallowing in the heavy seas and
several cases of seasickness were observed. It was notable,
however, that the quaking seaman who once turned an un-
healthy green at the thought of rough seas now treated the
subject with a heavy-handed variety of light humor. The
typhoon was no picnic, nevertheless-the raging seas bat-
tered the forward end of the aircraft carrier Waspis flight
deck until it curled like a split dandelion stem.
For the balance of the month the Topeka along with the
other ships of Task Group c.ontinued to patrol area
f'Stripes,', furnishing air-sea rescue destroyers and combat
air patrol over the direct route between Okinawa and
Concrete evidence that the war was really over was sup-
plied on 31 August when the first big group of officers and
men with sufficient points for discharge were detached from
the ship and put aboard other ships for transfer back to the
States. For those who remained aboard, the routine was be-
coming somewhat deadly-other ships were participating in
the big events in connection with the occupation and sur-
render while the Topeka patrolled area HStripes".
The first two weeks of September offered no change. The
Task Group continued to patrol its area while planes from
the carriers were observing and making food drops on
prisoner-of-war camps on Honshu. On 7 September the
landing party returned to the ship after having spent three
weeks at the Yokosuka Naval Base. And a few days later
the ship was ordered to Tokyo Bay for upkeep and recre-
On 16 September the Topeka anchored in Tokyo Bay.
The home waters of a Japanese Navy that had perished in
a vain attempt to enslave the world. rippled around count-
less units of the victorious United States Navy.
The Topeka had been underway for 77 consecutive days,
from the day the anchor was hoisted at Leyte until it
dropped in Tokyo Bay. It had been a long, hard stretch.
but liberty in Japan was now on tap. J
Every day about 300 men went ashore in Yokosuka.
Yokohama, or Tokyo, and what they saw filled them with
mingled. pride, regret and saympathy. Great areas of the
cities were completely burned out, people were living in
shacks hung together with the wreckage, few automobiles
were on the streets, trains and street cars were bursting with
humanity, stores were very nearly empty of goods' to sell.
virtually 100 percent of the men and boys wore bedraggled
uniforms of some sort, and with the exception of the very
young, all the women had the same look of resignation.
despair and utter weariness on their faces. The demand for
cigarettes and candy was incredible'-a pack of American
cigarettes brought as much as 30 yen, two dollars, in a
street corner trade. bartering though forbidden, flourished
on side streets. The Japanese, except for those who wanted
to trade. seemed to maintain an impassive resigned calm
amid the hordes of sailors and soldiers. The hunt for
souvenirs was unflagging, and the items brought back to the
ship to be treasured and cherished in years to come ranged
from the sublime to the ridiculous. Liberty in Japan was
as if a country carnival, an Arabian Night and Macyis base
ment had been scrambled up and left to untangle themselves
amid the ruins of the Tower of Babel-and overtones of de-
The Topeka remained in Tokyo Bay for two weeks, with
liberty parties every day, and those remaining on board
cleaning. painting and repairing the ship. On September
the news which was perhaps even more gladly received
than the end of the war was broadcast over the loud
speaker: The Topeka would be back in the United States
for Navy 'Day on 27 October. If not more important it was
certainly the perfect sequel to the peace news, and once
again the men who had resigned themselves to remaining
in the Pacific for an indefinite period. went wild with joy.
Chief of Staff
Nothing Wrong . . .
We Hope, Sir . . .
Time passed quickly now. Nothing seemed so important
as going home. On lt October the Topeka in company with
carriers and destroyers steamed out of Tokyo Bay bound
for Okinawa to pick up 550 passengers to take back to the
States. This necessitated a certain amount of crowding but
no one really cared. On 6 October the ship left Okinawa
and headed for the United States. Word was passed that
leave would be granted in the States, and as the information
filtered down from higher commands, it was learned that
the ship was to go directly to Portland, Oregon, remain
there for the Navy Day ceremonies, then move to San Pedro,
California, for at least two months, during which everyone
would get 30 days leave. It was a happy ship that steamed
eastward over the North Pacific Ocean.
On 19 October in the early dawn the ship made a land-
fall near the mouth of the Columbia River, the first sight
of the United States in over seven months, and that after-
noon she eased up against a dock in Portland.
The war was won, and the men were back home. Though
they had been among the last to arrive at the battle front,
the Topeka and her men played their assigned part and
played it well. They were a credit to the United States
Navy, to themselves and to the people they came from and
represented. It was the end of a story and the end of an era.
We ,,f fy -fr
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Well . . . Yougd Be Tired
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Encore Sitting Down .....
No G0 . . We Still Could Not
Keep Our Eyes on Her Hands
This Was Easier . . .
Why Commander! .
Hawaiian Torch Singer
Scorching One ....
Not Even When
Birthdays are Lost
At the Date line . . .
Swimming Call . .
Mighty Nice . . If You
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All Wag Not ,lust Fun and Frolic
Raising the Battle Flag . . .
We,re in the War!
Going Up . .
Going . . .
Going . .
Long May She
Wave . . .
The Fleet Warmly Welcomes A Kamakazi
Nice Shooting . . But Heis Still Coming In
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He's Out of Control . . W'e Hope
S plashed One
Could the Admiral Complain
A Beautiful Maneuver
Off Like a Bird . . the Hard Way
Like an Inert Thing . . But Safe . . and Home Again
Helping a Rescued
Wounded British Flyer Aboard .
f ' 5
Talks It Over
Thanks Pal! . . .
With a Toothsome British
The Admiral Pins on a
Well Deserfved Distinguished
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As We All
H oly, Holy,
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Prayer . .
that Binds .
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The Wind Howled
and the Sea Ruged . .
And There We Were .
Right in the Middle of
We Were Lucky
Thafs About All the
Damage There Was . .
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It All Became Official When Admiral Nimitz
Signed for the United States
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So We Celebrated
The Chaplain Cutting
Cake . . .
Uf Course the Cake
Was Only Trimmins
The Ufficers Were
Not Glam . . .
Neither Were the
Even the Admiral
And the Captain .
While the Band
Played Un . . .
Even the Cooks
Didn't Mind . .
A Smile . . .
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Went Home . .
for a Chief I
31 Years Qi
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,AW -2 .S
Anyone who has served on a ship knows the truth of an
old sailors' saying that a ship has a so11l. An old chief who
had served on many ships during his navy career said that
the Topeka was a thoroughbred from the start and always
The soul of a ship is what her officers and men make it.
It is a spirit, an esprit de corps. There are friendly ships
and unfriendly ships, efficient and inefficient ships. clean
and dirty, good feeders and poor, sharp ships and indolent
She is like people having that mysterious thing called
personality. She is attractive or unattractive, and as inex-
plicable so as any person. She has that certain something
or she does not.
As we said her personality comes from her men. lt is
not anything the shipbuilders can give her. Ships? com-
panies are different so ships are different.
The thing we are talking about usually starts at the top
with the Captain and the Executive officer. The first skipper,
exec, and crew give the ship her soul which is mighty hard
to change for good or bad thereafter.
The Topeka was a champion at the start with Captain
Thomas L. Wattles as her commanding officer, and Comman-
der 0. H. Dodson as her Executive Officer, with a ward-
room and compartments full of eager, smart, and energetic
American youngsters. Youngsters is right, too, because the
average age of the officers hardly touched twenty five, and
the men's was barely twenty.
The story of the Topeka officers and men is really amaz-
ing. The large majority of the officers were civilian reserv-
ists. Many of them were bearrdless collegiates who had
never been to sea. The others were professional and busi-
ness men, some long in the war, and veterans of many sea
campaigns all over the lworld when they reported for duty
to the Topeka. The men, too, were mostly civilians, from
everywhere, and nowhere, with conglomerate and varied
occupations that more than rivaled the officers'.
Most of the men were high school graduates. There were
a few collegiates, and a number of college graduates. One
man had been a high school principal, one edited a mag-
azine, another was a successful artist, others were farmers,
ranchers, glass blowers, policemen, clerks, accountants,
draftsmen, printers, photographers, musicians, newspaper
reporters, radio announcers, and entertainers. Some were
rich and some were poor, but most of them came from the
substantial American middle class homes.
They came from nearly every state in the Union, though
the preponderant majority was from the East coast. The
men from New England and the Middle Atlantic States out-
numbered those from any other section.
A slightly larger number came from the cities than from
the towns and country. But the score was surprisingly close.
There were Protestants, Catholics, Jews, Agnostics, and
Atheists, in that order as far as numbers were concerned,
and about in the same proportion as the population of the
East from which most of them came.
As a perfect cross section of American manhood, the
crew had as many national and racial backgrounds as there
are nations and races in the world. If all the men who were
bilingual had spoken their second languages in concert
there would have been greater confusion aboard the Topeka
than occurred at the Tower of Babel. Russian, Philipino
Czech, German, Spanish, French, Swedish, Hebrew, and
Japanese, are some of the languages spoken-while every
dialect of English from broad Oxfordian and Boston Ameri
can counterpart to the throaty mid-western of the great
plains, up-state New York twang, soft Southern drawl, and
the inimitable Brooklynese afforded a daily linguistic sym
phony beyond musical comparison.
The menis names were American to a syllable, Smith
Llewllyn, etc, etc.
There were tall men and short men, lean and fat, light
and dark. The average Topeka sailor about five feet ten
inches tall, weighed about 160 pounds, was fair with light
brown hair, more than likely curly, and blue eyes. He was
a handsome lad which was attested to by the uncommon at
tention he received from the young fairer sex wherever he
went. He jitter-bugged and Zombied with usual American
zest and agility, while he was serious about his work and
ambitious for promotion and advancement.
His favorite pastime aboard ship was sleeping-according
to his own unblushing account. His favorite movie star was
as likely to be Bing Crosby as Hedy Lamar-which should
give Hedy something to worry about, and the producers
something to think about. His choice of authors ran the
gamut from Burroughs to Shakespeare, and magazines from
Pic to Mercury. On the average he read twenty magazines
and two books a month.
As a sportsman he was more of a participant than a spec
tator. His favorite-right in the American tradition--was
baseball. He played the game with average skill, and lots
of pep. The whole truth is that he was a seasonal sports
enthusiast. In the summer it was baseball,,tennis, golf
swimming, in the fall football and hunting, in the winter
skiing and ice skating, in the spring fishing. He handled
his fists- fearlessly, developed a better than average boxing
team, was an inveterate fight fan, and gave his team active
as well as articulate support.
The fact is that you know this man very well. He may be
your son, brother or sweetheart. He may be the father of
some of you old enough to read. All of you have met him
on the street in his disheveled school attire looking as irre
sponsible as an ancient ant-eater. Or he is the boy who de
livered your paper, getting it to your door with a bang just
after the clang of the milkman had half brought you to
unwilling consciousness. It may be that he was the milk
man. He could have been the kid who cut your lawn--as
grudgingly as you work for your own dollars-or washed
your car, or fixed your favorite sundae or ushakei' at the
Brown, Jones, Love, Lopez, Cohen, Mashinski, Dwyer,
77,7 Y .- K ...H ,.. ...,.-.,..Y.Y,. any W- -T315,r+3377-33-I-V r v - -A-fl 1--V-lqfi-ug
Men at Work
. . and the
Coffee . .
Shop . . .
'cSweet Tooth Emporium" downtown.
All the men were not youngsters, of course. Even some
of them who we-re quite young had long been shouldering
responsibilities as heavy as any you know. They really
ranged in age from 16 - and maybe younger - to 39. Many
of them were family men with from one to six children.
One oldster of twenty-six received word while we were at
sea fighting the enemy that his sixth daughter had arrived.
He and his wife had been married all of seven years. Such
champions make a champion ship. All in all the Topeka
family was numerous and scattered all over the world from
Australia to the countries of Europe. One of the cooks had
a wife in Australia, and a new baby daughter whom, at the
end of the war, he had not yet seen.
Most of the newer families of the men were living with
parents-for the most part perhaps with the girlsi parents.
ln more incidents than you would guess, babies 'were born
while the fathers were at sea. The most prevalent pin-ups
on the Topeka were new babies in their girlish mothers'
arms-or those shameless exposures of babies which so de-
light parents, especially fathers, and embarrass children at
least until they marry and have children of their own. In
this matter man seems to learn so little from experience.
These pictures play an important role in an unabashed
blackmail practice used by every adult generation on the
Of course many of the men had already established
homes, and were in the process of paying off the mortgage
when the war caught them up. They were typical of the
American places of which we are justly very proud-full
of modern gadgets that make the American wife several
grades higher than a slave, and giving evidence at every
turn of the handiness and loving concern of her husband.
He had that way about his work, whether he liked it or
not, which astonishes people of every other country, and
leads to some of the grossest misunderstandings about
Americans and their country. Work to him is always at
once a pleasure and a drudge so that he always appears to
be fighting it or playing with it. And even when he fights
he plays. It never seems that he is taking the thing serious-
ly. For this and other reasons a foolish Hitler called him
decadent, and the unhumorous Japanese attacked him with
a stab in the back. The Japanese must understand by now
that they have been defeated by these same irresponsible
American youths. But one wonders whether they know, or
would believe it if they were told what is the truth, that
these men often prayed that enemy planes would come in
close enough for some sure shooting-any action even dan-
gerous action was preferable to withering boredom.
The navy did an astonishingly fine job placing round
pegs in round holes. But there are limits to which even
psychologists can go. The Topeka did not carry cows S0
one dairy man was an electrican, and another a firecon-
trolman. Farmers on the whole seem to be able to do any-
thing and everything. For that matter so do soda jerkers,
artists, truck drivers, or hobos. The American youth is the
most versatile fellow in the world. A sales-manager for a
large grocery house was a laundryman, a milkman was an
evaporator operator, a building contractor was a cook-
a thing We are pledged b'y a sacred oath never to reveal to
his wife-an artist was a laboratory technician, a radio an-
nouncer and script writer was a sergeant in the marines, a
boxer a shipfitter, and so it went throughout the ship, men
throwing around talents and skills no one including them-
selves evetr knew they had.
Naturally there were many career navy men who had
been in the servic.e anywhere from five to thirty and more
years. They were the cream in the coffee, as one might say,
professionals who poured out their Hknow-hown and Hwhatw
to the ample amateurs that did everything but out-know
them. Add to these the professionals among the officers and
the conglomerate amateurs with them and you have the mass-
that was moulded into the unbeatable Topeka crew.
Nothing was more astounding than the way these men got
along with one another in crowded quarters which never
offered any privacy, and at times under most tense circum-
stances. You would not believe it if we told you that there
neve-r was a cross word or a fight. You would be right be-
cause it would not be true. There were sharp words at
times, but really ver.y few, when men would fly at one an-
other with brutal purpose. Even loving brothers do that
at times, and that was about how it was. They were friends
before they fought, while they fought, and after they fought.
For instance here is a conversation between the Chaplain
and one of the men whose one eye looked the worse for
wear. '6Fight, son?" HYes, Padre." 4'Did you hit him
back?" '4Yes, sir". 4'Did you shake hands when it was
over?,' f'Oh, yes sirn. MOK, sonw.
A spirit of genuine and warm camaraderie pervaded the
ship from stem to stern within departments and as well be-
tween departments. There was good natured rivalry for
excellent performance, but the height of pride was in the
ship and not in any single department. lt is pretty hard to
compare the excellence of a cake with perfect gunnery,
which is a very helpful factor in the cause of peace.
Rivalry is a good thing but cooperation is absolutely
necessary in the operation of a fighting ship. Our young
Americans seemed to come by cooperation as naturally as
they did their spirited love of contest. Willing helpful
hands constantly tested your own initiative and ambition.
They were attracted to undermanned jobs like ants to sugar.
Of c.ourse there were slackers and gold-brickelrs, but they
were too small a minority to set the tone of the crew. Many
of them were shamed, cajoled, and disciplined to some gen-
uine, or at least a semblance, of willing effort. Even the
hardest could not forever withstand the pervading spirit.
On one occasion a large numbelr of the men were taken
suddenly and violently ill-it was something they ate-and
before anyone could snap his fingers electricians, shipfit-
ters, radio technicians, cooks et al became working hospital
corpsmen. They stood by their buddy-patients doing some
of the most unpleasant jobs imaginable in spite of the fact
that they had had very little sleep for days, could have
had some then, and had little promise of any for some time
to c.ome. But that was only typical of what was going on
in the ship every hour of every day. It is no wonder that
the men who have served aboard the Topeka mention her
with an inflection that denotes and at times oozes affection.
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The Weather is More Than
A Topic of Conversation
for the Aerographer . .
A Smile . . and
Want at the
Store . . .
Day . . .
An Admiral entertained at one of the wardroom parti6S
remarked that a good ship is always a hard working and
hard playing ship. And he went on to say that he knew
that the Topeka was just that. We can take that for an out-
line for the rest of our story and show the men of the
Topeka hard at work and hard at play.
Work, of course, was our chief occupation. It all started
months before and continued at Newport and Quincy where
the men were given additional training. Most of them were
called on to learn new techniques and to develop utterly new
skills. They attended schools morning, noon and night at
Newport, while the men at Quincy swarmed the ship learn-
ing her mechanical innerds while she was being built. The
first days were hectic and chaotic, though the Navy with its
usual efficiency had injected a semblance of order that was
gradually to be fully realized in a comparativel'y short time.
Urgency marked every single effort. The times were
urgent with the incompatibles, speed and thoroughness, re-
quired of everything and everyone. The stor.y of the crew
really began as early as the spring of 1944- when the first
ofiicers and men reported for duty at the Quincy yard. At
that time some of the men who were to become members
of the crew were far in the Pacific desperately fighting a
very determined, strong, and far from beaten foe. Others
were at death grips with the European enemy on the Atlan-
tic and inthe Mediterranean. They were brightening days
but still dark enough to be disquieting to any but the in-
Most of the men, and we mean by that about eighty per
cent of them, were still in school or engaged in their
civilian occupations. By the time the ship was launched in
August they were in the throes of boot training being hard-
ened, trained, and shuffled for their naval careers.
The ship was commissioned in December, and the crew
that was not in lVla'y, that was so many unrelated and in-
experienced boots in August, and was in parts scattered all
over the world even as late as September and October, was
integrated and ready at least to sail the ship when it went
aboard to take over for the Navy on the day of commission-
ing at the Boston Navy Yard. It was an amazing feat of
training and organization that warrants oceans of praise for
the men of the Navy who had persevered against most dis-
heartening odds and downright ignominy and disapproba-
tion during the hectic decades of the twenties and thirties.
The cry for ships and men came from the Pacific in an
ever increasing crescendo. By the first of the year, 19415, the
Naval leaders smelling victory and as eager for it as a
hound dog after rabbits were planning the daring Naval
strategy that was to pound the Japanese to submission not
more than seven and a half months later. But in the ofiing
were Iwo Jima and Okinawa which called for everything
the Navy had and could muster. The officers and men of
the Topeka knew that they were racing against time and
victory. There was the urge to get there, an urge that be-
came intense as time went on.
There was a great new American Navy in the Pacific,
greater than the world had ever seen before. It was a real-
- ..,. ffm, ,
the dreams of littler people, and it was still
ity beyond I .
th increasing acceleration. What a disheartening
sight to a treacherous foe who thought they had left our
Navy an irrecoverable wreck in the shallow waters of Pearl
But the American Navy never was her ships, hulks of
steel that can be shattered, burned, and sunk, but her men
and their indomitable spirits, and their soaring dreams.
After the commissioning the men of the Topeka worked
with zeal and a will to make her good enough for a place
in the great Pacific fleet that by its prowess, daring, and
courage had already indelibly insc.ribed its name in glory
on the pages of Naval warfare. But the goal so consumately
to be desired was not easy to win. There would be test
after test and trial upon trial that would call for perfection
of performance of all departments which the oflicers and
men knew they were not then capable of giving.
The race began as soon as the men went aboard on a cold
bleak New England winter's day that by the calendar was
December 23, 1944. Only men of experience and vision
could see this ship and crew ready to take its place with
veterans in battle action within six months. But that is the
record that was made, and let it be said that the Topeka
was not the only American fighting ship to make such a
record. But that she was among those that did will bea
matter of great pride to every man who helped her do it,
and those who will serve in her so long as she remains an
active ship of the United States Navy.
The work involved in this enormous task was prodigious.
The engineering department with its divisions and sub-
divisions was best prepared at the start to take over its
duties. At least they were able to steam the ship within
several days after the commissioning. That was due to the
fact that many of the leading men of the department had
been at Quincy while the ship was under construction and
had had the opportunity of living with the equipment daily
as it was installed.
Even so there was little experience in operating such a
gigantic and intricate plant-engines that would develop
more than 110,000 horsepower under steam pressures and
temperatures that most of the men had never heard of let
alone handled. There were innumerable valves, switches,
and throttles that had to be knowingly and carefully ma-
nipulated. There were giant generators, producing up to
4110 volts of electricity that ran hundreds of motors fed by
an intricate pattern of wires that were strung along bulk-
heads and decks, an automatic telephone system and various
other ship's communication systems, to be operated and
maintained in efficient operating condition. Then there were
the gyro-compasses and steering mechanisms, the lighting
system, and many other things like the Ventilating system,
fans, and water plant, too numerous to mention. All of
this equipment, absolutely necessary to the life of the men
and the efficient operation of the ship, depended for value
on the ability of certain men to run and maintain it, men
who five and six months before were in school, on farms,
in offices and factories, doing anything and everything but
running ships. And they did itl Again and again in these
pages we will sing that refrain. They did it!
, . , , v - .,
The Cobbler Plies His
Ancient Trade . . .
W ,,.:af' 1S41Z
fl V311 Q'
M . X
Payday . . and
Never a Miss,
Uncle Sam . .
They did it in the engineering department and in every
other department, the supply department, the gunnery de-
partment, the C. and R. department, the navigation, the
communications, and the medical departments.
Men in the supply department worked day and night ac-
cumulating, transporting, taking aboard, and stowing, cata-
loging and inventorying, the things the men and the ship
would require for months to come. There were materials,
tools and parts for the shipfitters, carpenters, electricians,
evaporator men, construction and repair men of the hull
department, the aviation unit with its three planes, the radio,
radar, and telephone specialists, supplies for the laundry,
the stores, the soda fountain, the barber shop, cobbler's
shop, tailor's shop, the bakery, and the six galleys. Then
there were the office supplies and print shop requirements,
paper, ink, staples, cutters, typewriters, pens, pencils, clips,
erasers, sponges, etc, etc ad infinitim.
The supply department is operational as well as acquisi-
tive. It is the accounting, pay, and banking department
with its depository, trusts, allotments, claims, and foreign
exchange divisions. It operated the six galleys in which a
mountain of food was cooked three times a day to feed a
city of ravenously hungry officers and men. It baked the
bread, pies, cakes, rolls, and cookies that the men con-
sumed by the tons daily. It mended their shoes in the cob-
bler shop, pressed their clothes in the tailor shop, cut their
hair in the barber shop, made their ice cream and served
them sodas and cokes at the ugedunk standv, washed and
ironed their clothes in the laundry, sold them cigarettes,
cigars, candy, writing paper, fountain pens, soap, razors
and razor blades, jewelery, tooth brushes and paste, in the
ships store, and shoes, socks, underwear, caps, suits, hand-
kerchiefs, in the small stores.
If the Army travels on its stomach, the Navy floats on its.
The food supply for thirty days on the Topeka amounted
to 90 tons. When Turkey crowned the menu for one meal
the cooks prepared half a ton of the holiday birds. With
that would be consumed half a ton of potatoes, and '70 gal-
lons of ice cream. The food bill for the men of the Topeka
was more than a quarter of a million dollars a year.
So far as the stores were concerned it was entirely a buy-
ers market. In an average month the crew bought 32,000
packs of cigarettes, 19,000 cigars, 25,000 candy bars, and
nearly 82,000 worth of ice cream and cokes.
The men of the navigation department handled the actual
operation of the ship underway, necessitating a high order
of proficiency and alertness. The careful use of instruments
and new skills had to be mastered by 'continual study and
Men of the deck divisions doubled in gunnery and sea-
manship. The ship existed and operated to shoot its guns
with deadly accuracy. Not only the life of our ship depend-
ed on the accuracy of our gunners, but in this modern air
war where we operated primarily as protectors of our great
air craft carriers, their safety as well. Long periods of op-
erating at sea called for many frequent refueling and re-
supplying details at sea which required seamanship of the'
While everything was running quite normally for war
time operations men of the C and R department, under the
direction of the First Lieutenant, had to be ready for any
emergency such as fire, hits by shells, torpedoes, and kama-
kazis, or magazine explosions, and a thousand and one
things that can happen to a ship in action that would
jeopardize its safety, the lives of the men, and its efficient
The medical department operated day and night guard-
ing the health of the men, healing their hurts, performing
minor and major feats of surgery, and tending the hospital-
ized sick. lt had to be ever ready for any emergency,
always on the alert to stay the progress of epidemic, and
handle and treat the wounded in case of battle casualities.
Corpsmen were trained in routine hospital technics such as
nursing, surgical assistants, laboratory technicians, dental
assistants, etc. .
In wartime ships operate in formations. The formations
are changed with the conditions the group or fleet encoun-
ters. Sometimes they change regularly on a time schedule.
Then again conditions arise that were unforseeable and the
changes must be made on a split second command from the
group commander. All of this calls for accuracy in com-
munications involving every device for relaying messages
and information ever invented and used by man from hand
signals and mirrors reflecting the light of the sun to the
most modern and intricate equipment such as radio of every
kind and various kinds of radar. There was equipment
aboard the Topeka that had only recently come from the
scientist's laboratories. But with its installation came officers
and men who had already been trained in its use and main-
tenance. Many more young men learned under the tutelage
of these specialists. ,
On a cruiser airplanes are an arm of the gunnery depart-
ment. Their maintenance and operation called for a large
staff of aviators and technicians. You read in one of the
chapters of part 1 about Ensign Poindexter's heroic rescue
of two British flyers. But he was not alone. With him were
three other pilots, brave men everyone, and a host of avia-
tion technicians who kept the planes in perfect condition.
And speaking of gunnery: it is not just shoving shells
into guns and pulling the triggers. That is about how quick-
ly the firing is performed, but that is only because there are
hundreds of officers and men who do complicated and dan-
gerous maneuvers, feats of brain and brawn, with the ut-
most care, agility, speed, and precision, as to make it all
seem effortless, just like loading a gun and firing it. Many
items of information are factors in the problem that must
be solved before the gun can be aimed, loaded with fuses
properly set, and fired with any assurance of hitting the
target. And you must keep in mind that the target is more
than likely traveling at a speed of three hundred and more
miles an hour.
It must be evident to everyone by this time that training
and practice are two of the most important functions of a
staff aboard a fighting ship. The schools ashore do excel-
lent preliminary jobs, but that is only a bare beginning.
It took six months of constant teaching and ractice aboard
, an P
Shlp to make the Topeka capable of going into battle with
How D0 You Feel Today
With Salfves and Pills,
and Wondrous Skills . .
The Sick Bay . . .
---Q-w--.nqwnq-,--'nr ....:,. W., .,.,,Y ,,,,,',,
,..L. -- . -'...... .A-.fl - -I V.-,.:f,,: Ji
Ah . .
Cream . . .
Never a Dry
any degree of certainty that she would perform with pre-
Training and teaching were not left to chance. It is far
too important for that. Training is a function of the Cap-
tain and every officer and man aboard. Topping this con-
tinuing program was the Captain. Then came the Executive
officer who delegated most of the programls administration
to an officer who was designated Education Officer. Every
division and assistant officer were his instructors. The re-
sults of the program aboard the Topeka can be judged from
the promotions in rates the men achieved during the year.
-Eiucation in the Navy reached beyond the frontiers of
training for technical proficiency in any or all of the cog-
nate trades and professions. Men studied prescribed courses
in almost any subject, for credit toward a high school di-
ploma or a college degree, or for no more apparent reason
than the evident one that the man wanted to learn. Men
and officers with the technical know-how and the theoretical
knowledge of whatever subject were always ready to tutor
the ambitious students. And for subjects in which many
men were interested, regular classes were held.
It was through the education office that the men were
constantly kept informed of the rights and privileges that
were accruing to them with the passage of one and another
of the GI legislative bills. There was an earnest effort on
our part to direct the minds of the men toward what was
best for them as individuals. This, of course, necessitated
spending many hours in interviews with the men, for the
most part, singly.
Nothing of a manis requirements was neglected. Provi-
sions were made for his physical and mental welfare and
progress. But that was not all, his spiritual life was seri-
ously taken into account, while the Navy did all it could to
kindle it and keep it bright by providing the services of a
Chaplain. It so happened that during the first year of the
Topeka's history she had two Chaplains both of whom were
Protestants. All groups were ministered to, and every pro-
vision for worship according to a man's conscience or train-
ing was made regularly and as frequently as circumstances
allowed. And that is not all the Chaplain did. For the most
part he had his nose in almost everything that might have
effected the men in any navy. Their private and domestic
troubles were his concern, primarily because of the confi-
dence the men usually have in the Chaplain. Then there was
the matter of recreation from education, and reading, to
sports, sightseeing trips, concerts, sing-songs, shows, picnics,
and their own Magazine.
It will not be mere digression to get away from the work
and training of the men. Sports and fun were never con-
sidered minor matters aboard the Topeka. There was al-
ways the conception of doing a thing well whether it was a
party and ball game on Mog Mog or a formal dance at the
All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. There was
no inordinate amount of play aboard the Topeka-there
was not time for that. But .lack of the Topeka was any-
thing but dull. He was sharp, he looked sharp, and acted
sharp. He worked hard and he played hard. He was en-
dowed with as many talents for entertainment and play as
His tastes in music ran from Waller to Wagner. Every
compartment was equipped with an electric record player
that was allowed to cool off only at night. The ship was
well stocked with all kinds of records, thanks to our many
friends in Topeka, Kansas. But the men did not rely on
records for all their music. The Admiralis orchestra was
an excellent musical outfit and played sweet and swing to
the thorough enjoyment of everyone. Besides the profes-
sionals there were many amateurs who played well on any
and every instrument from electric guitars to sweetpotatoes.
Groups naturally formed and performed formally and in-
formally whenever the occasion called for the lighter mood.
Singers abounded everywhere. Every division and com-
partment had its minstrels-that ancient order of men who
originate and sing their ditties and parodies as the moods
and circumstances dictate.
There is very little room aboard a cruiser for the prac-
tice of sports. There was room for boxing, and that proved
to be the major sport at sea. There were not many oppor-
tunities for matches. After all we were fighting a war and
we spent long stretches at sea. But when we spentt any
time in port we had smokers on our own ship or another
when our boxing team would meet others. Our team was
good, and though we did not win every match, we were
never disgraced. We had a couple of boys who could hold
their own in the professional ranks.
Whenever the men could go ashore they played football,
basketball, and baseball. There were several team matches
at ports in the Pacific. The ship was always well equipped
with athletic gear of. all kinds. What we did not have the
shore bases were prepared to issue. That was just another
indication of the Navy's concern for the welfare of the men.
The Topeka was a first class party ship. It started in
Boston with two magnificent parties that closely followed
the commissioning. The great success of the affairs was due
to the fact that the Topeka men enjoyed being together.
The major entertainment feature was the movies. There
was a show almost every night-even when we were in the
forward area-. The ship had her share of poor pictures, but
the system of distribution was unexcelled.
Real live shows were pretty scarce for us. It was not the
fault of the entertainment world that provided many and
good shows for the men all over the world. The Topeka
just missed. But there were-two native shows that thorough-
ly entertained the men, a Hula show in Hawaii, and a Phil-
ipino troupe at Leyte. Both played aboard the ship to a
great crowd of appreciative sailors.
The war is over, and only one man of the Topeka will
not return. She has been a fortunate ship, but she is a good
ship because she has good men and good leadership. As
this is written there are changes everywhere. Many of the
old faces are gone. New men have come to take their places.
There is much that is not the same aboard the good ship
Topeka. But that is the way it should be-so long as the
spirit of the old men is not lost, the spirit that made the
Topeka a champion. '
To Give .Us .All .That
Smart Topeka Look
Normal . .
Pulse . .
A Stitch in Time . .
the Tailor . . With So
Nimble Fingers . .
But Shed a
Tear . .
Black Gang Sailors in a
Fire Room . . .
Cigars Denote Babies or
Advancement . . .
Wanna Bet . .
A Strong Back
and a Soft . .
At Work . . .
The Chiefs Eat Well
and Imagine . . . a
for Sailors . .
Sailors Too . .
Hungry M ouths
Had No Point
Troubles . . .
Name Your Poison . . .
ice Cream, Sundae, Soda Pop . .
just What Does
A Sailor Have
for a Stomach . .
From Morn To
Night the Cooks
Do Slave . . ,
and Bells . . .
An Engine Room
Watch . . .
,H ,,. ---.........--
Again . . .
We Love That
Picture . . .
We All Loved
the Mail and
,..., -.-qgzzx-f:'x::,:':.1:t: iw- A V- 1
Money . . .
Course . . .
Star . . a Mere
Department . .
the Kind Not
Flying . . and
They Did . I
Sailors . . .
., . - .YVY ..-.:-wr'-J.r.:YL -11 V f- .-,- fwf-1,955
Relax? of Course.
In the Crews
Lounge . . .
man, and the
Nearby . . .
X, . E
5 ' , .
And We Ate
And Ate .
And Ate . .
..., -, L .:-'es
And This is
What We Saw
In Tokyo . . .
Giving Us Some
We Had Been
Fighting For . .
On the Move .
A Theatre . .
The People Look
For Recreation .
.Wffw x k x
A GJ. Stands
Guard at the
Still . . .
The Glory is
Gone . . the
Again . . .
.,Jsi....-fL..., , .fri -
Happy C Bs
Cleanup . .
Then Chow .
and. . .
Never to be
Day . . .
at Last . . .
K S S- .
, as 24
wk ' v
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..- - -fA-v-,v1f- .-.-,-,eff-.E-lt-. rag:':.,,ff,...'..--1:me1..:-xs:,, f .
The Admiral Presented A Japanese Bell
to the City of Portland, Oregon '
1 AND HEHE WE HHE
I I UE THE
U S S TIJPEH!-K
HERB AHMIHAI. EHHI. F. HIIILUEN, U.5.N
Commander Cruiser Division 18, and His Staff
CAPTAIN THUMA5 L. WATTLES, U.5.N.
Commanding Oficer of the U.S.S. T0pekaQ and xHis Heads and Assistant Heads of Departments
THE WARRANT UFFIIIEHS
THE FI. H
THE FIRST DIVISIUN
Wb pmkA X M X XX 'N-WNMNX XX Q1 NNZAW v-5rQaAM1fih8eK?v, X if A-AA'
THE SEIIU ll DI ISIIJ
" M ,, ., , 3 1
THE THIRD IJIVISIUN
THE PUUHTH DIVISIUN
THE FIFTH DIVISIUN
THE SIXTH DIVISIUN
- V -.U ,, . rw- wr- 2,1-:sr ---- .
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5 sy xx
THE !'IlHI1NE" IJIVISIUN
The Muster Hull
UPFIEEHS and MEN
CAPT. T. L. WATTLES
COMDR. O. H. DODSON
COMDR. C. H. BECKER
COMDR. F. G. BENNETT
COMDR. E. V. BOGER
COMDR. H. M. CAMPBELL
LT. CDR. J. J. STILWELL
LT. CDR. H. W. SCHLUETER
LT. CDR. H. W. GEHMAN
MAJOR H. G. GUNTER
LT. CDR. H. W. BIESEMEIER
. CDR. C. M. WILLIAMS
. CDR. R. O. BRACKEN
. CDR. W. G. BEHRENS
F. T. FANNING
. FUDICKAR, JR.
. A. FITZ
R. R. GATLING
LT. CDR. F
LT. CDR. R
LT. CDR. E. J. KLINK
LT. R. S. THOMPSON
LT. H. S. SHEPHERD
LT. H. W. BURCHETT
LT. M. T. ANCKER
LT. J. E. MACHINSKY
LT. J. B. PAYNE
LT. J. D. PRICE
LT. J. B. KIRBY
LT. J. A. CORK
P. T. RIGNEY
. R. W.. PARTRIDGE
. F. T. BRABSON
. C. L. WILMOT
. F. W. SELL
. H. C. MASON
. W. M. MARTINDALE
B. S. WILLIS
. O. E. HAEDIKE
. B. C. OLLIFF
. E. G. SHIELDS
. C. F. BOWMAN
LT. J. E. MURRAY
REAR ADMIRAL CARL F. HOLDEN
CAPT. H. NORGAARD
LT. CDR. G. O. HANSEN
LT. G. H. FINN
LT. R. D. HEAVISIDE
LT. J. C. SCOTT
C. D. OLSON
R. W. WILSON
L. R. JOHNSON
. N. HOWE
. F. SCHUMAKER
J. R. SHANNON
R. J. WOODRUFF
L. N. JONES
O B ZEMKE
F. B. THOMAS
T. D. COOKE
T. A .COSGROVE
A. J. SZIKNEY
F. L. TILTON
T. M. JOHNSTON
ENS. H. W. ARTHUR
ENS. D. R. KRINSLEY
LT. R. N. JOENS USMC
ENS. O. P. GROSS
ENS. W. O. WINGLER
ENS. E. BARR
ENS. A. M. VALLONE
ENS. R. J.-WOLF
ENS. W. J. WOODS
ENS. H. E. POINDEXTER
ENS. H. W. KERFOOT
ENS. S. E. BATES
ENS. R. D. FULLERTON
. E. T. CLARK
ENS. T. O. JOHNSTON
ENS. M. C. RRITE
ENS. R. V. TOWNER
LTfjgJ M. H. SOHRODER
Urqjgp E. F. SWANN
LTfjgJ O. C. CHAMIS
ENS. H. 1. COHEN
ENS. O. L. DUHAMEL
ABSTON, James Elmer .
ADAM, Jack Burner . .
ADAMS, George ...... .
ADAMS, Raymond Sylvester . . . .
ALABRONZINSKI, Zigmund William . .
ALBRIGHT, Warren Carl . .
ALEXANDER, Harold Edwin
ALSOP, William Dean .
ALTHOFF, James Ralph . .
ALTIERI, Lawrence Carmen .
AMBROGIO, Carmen Frank .
AMBROSELLI, John Frank .
AMODY, Howard Samuel .
ANDERSON, Edward George
ANDERSON, James Phillipe .
ANDERSON, Norman . .
ANDERSON, Raymond Otto .
ANDERSON, William John .
ANDERSON, Woodrow James
ANGLIN, James Webb . .
ANTONIATO, Victor William
APPEL, Sam .....
APPELSON, Lester . .
ARMSTRONG, Harold James .
ARMSTRONG, Harold Thomas
ARMSTRONG, Wayne Edison
ARNOLD, Edward Charles .
ASH, Cecil Ray ....
ASHCRAFT, Ronald Keith .
ATHA, Joseph Thomas . .
ATTERBERRY, Louie Case, Jr.
AUSTIN, John Henry . . .
Gerald Barnett . .
AVELLAR, Vernon Richard .
BACON, Marie Lucien Raymond
BAHNER, Harry HRH . . .
BAILEY, Clifford Walton .
Finley Ashley .
Harold Donald .
Henry Calvin .
Edward . . .
Lamoine Henry .
Marion Merle .
BALACKI, Louis Henry .
BALAZS, John, Jr. . . .
BALDUF, Charles Franklin .
BALL, Roy Herman . . .
BALLANTYNE, Frederick Clarence . .
BALLARD, Harold David .
BALLOU, Roland Norman .
BANDISH, Joseph ....
BAPTISTE, George Philip, Jr.
BAREFIELD, Robert Stanhope
BARNES, Paul Edwin . .
BARNES, William . . .
BARONE, Genarino James .
BARRY, Charles Richard .
BARTH, Norman Chester .
BARTHEL, Robert Joseph .
BARTKUS, Bruno Stanley .
BARTON, Edward Irving .
BARTON, Frank Thomas . .
BATES, Donald Arthur . .
BATTISTONI, Vincent Frank
BAUDY, John Joseph . . .
BAUER, Raymond Edward .
BEAMER, John Robert . .
BEAN, James Edward . . .
BEAULIEU, Robert Leonce .
BECKSTROM, Ralph Bradford
BEDARD, George Leo . . .
BEDFORD, Daniel Henry .
BEEMER, Philip Leroy .
BEHAN, Richard Melvin .
BELAIR, Antonio Philip . .
BELANGER, Richard Joseph .
BELDING, Harry Bernhardt .
BELL, Alexander Barton . .
BELL, James Emerson .
BELL, Robert Gordon . .
BEMIS, Don Maurice . .
BENDALL, Donald Floyd. .
BENNETT, Lemuel . . .
BENSON, Donald Montgomery
BERGER, Robert Lee . . .
BERGERSON, Bernard Edward
BERGMAN, Harold . . .,
BERGNAN, Rudy Myron . .
BERGSCHNIEDER, Ray William . .
BERNARDO, Peter Anthony .
BERNATSKY, Herbert . .
BERNHARD, Elmer Edward .
BERTRANG, John Peter . .
BEVERSDORF, Hugo Arthur
BIAS, William Carol . . .
BILLINGS, Arthur Eugene .
BIRT, James Russell . .
BISHOP, Charles Thomas
BISHOP, Henry Crady .
BISHOP, Neil Everett . .
BLACKBURN, William Pitts .
BLACKSTONE, Robert Erland
BLAHM, Albert Frank . .
BLAIR, Edwin Thomas . .
BLAIR, George William . .
BLANCHARD, Maurice Donald
BLANCHETTE, Joseph Marcel
BLANDEN, Frank Adkins .
BLANK, Elmer William .
BLEA, Moses ....
BLEASE, James Vernon .
BLILEY, Sumner William .
BLIVEN, Robert Edward .
BLOCK, Harold Leo . .
BLOCK, Leonard Willious
BLONSKY, George Ivan . .
BOARDWAY, Alonzo William
BODGE, Francis Ormand . .
BODISCH, John Joseph .
BOHLER, Carl Norman .
BOEHM, Leonard Thomas .
BOEHNKE, Arthur Woodrow
BOGOSIAN, Harry . . .
BOHANON, Walter Chapman -
BOISVERT, Ernest Edgar .
BOLAND, William Joseph .
BOLLMER, Lee Henry .
BONAREK, Peter John . . .. .
BONENFANT, Robert Arthur
BONESTELL, Charles . . '.
BONZAGNI, Arthur Richard .
BOONE, William Thomas .
BOOTH, Kenneth Neil . .
BORDERS, Andrew Gordan .
BORDIS, Carlton Jack .
BORGES, Anthony Manuel .
BOSA, Arthur Joseph . .
BOSTROM,'Hjalmar Evert .
BOTNER, John Critington, Jr.
BOUCHER, William Augustine
BOULANGER, George . .
BOURASSA, Ernest Eugene .
BOURBEAU, Alderic Bernard
BOURBONNAIS, Robert Howard . 4.
BOWDEN, Albert Monroe .
BOWDEN, Edward MVR .
BOWER, John Roy . .
BOWLES,-'Harold Edward .
BOWSER, Paul Fuhrmann . J
BOYLE, Arthur Homer . .
BOYLE, James Edward . .
BRACCIALE, Raymond Joseph
BRACKINS, Ernest James .
BRADLEY, Thomas Harvey .
BRADY, Mack Edward . .
BRANDIES, Cortez Martin .
BRASSARD, Ernest George Jr.
BRAUN, Carl Bernard Jr. .
BREINLINGER, Arthur . .
BRELSFORD, Richard Doyle
BRENNAN,1'AndreW Joseph . '
BRENNAN, Bernard Francis A ,.
BRENNAN, John Andrew .
BRENNANQ Owen Ellsworth .
BREWER,"Everett Sylvester .
BREYER, :Leon . . .
BREZNIAK, Tony Peter . - ,
BR1GHAM,5fHarry Waldo .
BRINKLEY, Staley Butler Jr.
BRITTAIN, William Oscar Jr.
BROCK,.Arthur Francis . .
BROCKWAY, George .
BRODT, Paul Mead . .
BROOKS, Gordon Eugene'
BROOKS, Robert Owen .
A THE MEN
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BROSNAN, John Francis . .
BROTHERTON, Thorman Ogden
BROUDER, James Joseph Sr.
BROUGHTON, Irving Wilson
BROWBER, Robert Lee . . '
,'-Alan James . . -.
Arial Rommell .
BROWN, Charles Mortimer .
BROWN, 'David Clark .
BROWN George Forrest Jr. .
BROWN, Hal Eugene . . .
BROWN, Harold Anthony II .
BROWN, John Frederick .
BROWN, Kenneth Mack .
BROWN Lloyd Everett .
BROWN Orville Dennis .
BROWN, Robert Henry .
BROWN, Willis Guy . .
BROWNE, 'James Joseph . .
BROWNING, Calvin Henry .
BROWNING, Guy Edward ."
BROWNSON, Douglas Harold
BRUCH, Frank Stephen . .
BRUNDA, Robert Rayfield .
BRUNO, George ....
BRUNO, James George .
BRUNO,' Joseph Jr. .
BRYANT, Richard Norris
BUCKLEY, Jack Wesley . .
BUCZEK, .Thaddeus John . .
BUDNEY,-.Anthony Aloysius, Jr.
BUFFINGT ON, Arthur Glenn
BUFFKIN, George Wilton .
BUKOWSKI, Leo Stanley .
BURGESS,iEdward Winston .
BURKE, Edward Thomas . .
BURKE, Frank Raymond . .
BURKE, James Michael .
BURKE, Lester Elmo . . .
BURKE,-:Redmond Patrick .
BURNS, Roger Calmus .
BURROUGHS, John Francis .
BURROUGHS, Paul Emery .
BURROUGHS, Thomas Edison
BURNSON, Frank Kyle . .
BUSH, James Thomas . . .
BUSH, Lee Oscar .
BUSSEY, Kenneth . . .
BUTLER, .'- avid Harris . .
BUTLER,-William Ellsworth .
BUTTERFIELD, Joseph David
BYRNE, Joseph Michael . .
CADORETTE, Robert . .
CAIN, Leonard Dalron .
CAIN, Lloyd George . .
CALL, Robert Francis . . .
CALVARESE, Phillip Paul .
CALVERT, Jethro Buchannan
CAMARATA, Dominic Joseph,
CAMPBELL, Ernest McKinley
CAMPBELL, Floyd Donald .
CAMPBELL, Paul Wesley .
CAMPBELL, William Nicholas,
CAMPIONE Louis Anthony
CANGRO, Sylvan ....
CANNON, William Howard, Jr.
CAPLETTE, Leonard HEU .
CAPOBIANCO, Carl John
CAPONE, Louis Henry . .
CAPPOLA, Amerigo Carman .
CAPPS, Waymon Rosco, Jr. .
CAPUTO, Carmen ....
CARABILLO, Joseph Andrew
CARAVELLO, John Henry I .
CARD, Philip Gordon .
CAREY, Francis Joseph .
CAREY, Joseph, Jr ....
CARLOCK, Elmer ....
CARMICHAEL, Marion Ardell
CARNAHAN, James Edwin .
CARNEY, Edward Albert, Jr.
CARNEY, Stanley Oldfield .
CAROLAN, Thomas John .
CARPENTER, William Johnson
CARPENTIER, Gerald Maurice
CARR, Clyde .....
CARRICK, Thomas Victor .
CARTER, Harold Dwight .
CARTER, John Ray . .
CARTER, John Samuel .
CARTER, Richard Lee . .
CARTWRIGHT, Herbert Byron
CARVER, Albert George . .
CARVER, Charles Gregory .
CARVER, Louis James .
CASE, Donald Barton . .. .
CASTLE, Clifford Eldon . .
CASTRONOVER, Dominick Louis .
CAULFIELD, Jean Vincent .
CELENTANO, Joseph Anthony
CHADWICK, Chester Frank .
CHANDLER, Warren Lynn .
CHAPMAN, Donald Edward .
CHAPMAN, Lamar Bruce .
CHARTIER, Richard Rector .
CHILTON, Thomas Erwin .
CHRISTIANSEN, Gordon Norman 4 . '
CHILSON, Charles Sherman .
CHRISTOPHER, Francis Paul
CHRISTOUN, Gerald John .
CHURCHLEY, Jesse Louis .
CIANCIOLO, John .. .
CIECIUCH, Henry Jakob .
CLARK, Curtis Lynn . . .
CLARK, Harold Frederick .
CLARK, Myron Lloyd . .
CLAVIN, James Joseph .
CLAYTON, Earle Charles
CLOUSE, Virgil "E" Bulus .
COHAN, Ames Hamilton .
T H E ME N
S2c COLE,:Frederick Arthur, Jr. .
S20 COLEMAN, Henry Jonathan, Jr.
TC1c -' I COLLEY,fPhillip Fredrick .
Slc COLLINS, John Edward . .
S2c n '
CONNELLY, Dennis Francis, Jr. . .
CONNELY, Francis Shade .
CONNER, Robert William,Jr.
CONNOLLY, James Thomas, Jr.
CONNOLLY, Patrick . . .
CONNORS, Edward John .
COOK, Adrain Barney .
COOK, John Francis . .
COOPERQ Edward Grill . '
CORDES," Peter . . .
CORNMAN, William Edgar .
CORR, James Daniel . . .
COSGROVE, Adam John . ' .
COSGROVE, Francis Joseph, .Jr. .' .
COSTA, 'Leoterio Ferreira .
COSTELLO, Martin Francis .
COTTER, William Francis, Jr.
COURY, Fred Charles . .
COXWELL, Jesse Willis, Jr. .
CRAMER, Clarence . .
CRANE, Henry ....
CREMEANS, Robert James .
CRIDER, Harold Dean I .
CRINER, William Edwin .
CRODDY, Maurice Elbert A.
CROWL, Albert William . 1
CROWLEY, Edward Joseph 4.
CROWNER, Paul Lorenzo
CURTIS, Gerald Waldo .
DAGENAIS, Raymond Nelson
DALE, Glenn Ardin . .
DALE, William Joseph .
DALKE, Cornelius Frank .
DANIELS, Norval George .
DANSBY, Charles Edward .
DARK, Clayton Edward .
DAVEY,' James Joseph .
DAVIS, Charles Lloyd .
DAVIS, Renzer . . .
DAVIS, Robert Frank .
DAY, Robert Calvin . .
DEANE, William Thomas
DE BOER, Jake . . .
DE CARO, Dominic . . .
DECHENE, Fernand Joseph .
DE COURSEY, William Spencer
DEESE, James Henry . . .
DE HART, Raymond Martin .
DE ROSTER, Charles . .
DELFORNO, Antonio . . .
DELLA ROSSA, Eddie Arthur
DELIASO, Michael Anthony I Q ,- . .
DEMEL,,Edwin Norwood . .
DENISON, Walter Horatio
DENNINGTON, Harold Lee .
DETMER, Eugene Henry .
S20 ' -
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F20 I - -
DENNIS, George Robert .
DESCHENE, Lionel Roland .
DEVRIES, Walter Charles .
DICKEY, Athel .....
DIGIOVANNI, Edward Joseph .
DILL, James Robert ....
DIOGUARDI, Amerigo . . .
DIPAIZIO, Joseph Anthony George
DISCIASCIO, Peter Anthony . .
DITORO, Michael .....
DITULLIO, Gerard Anthony . .
DIX, John William . . .
DIXON, Charles William .
DODRIDGS, Philip Lacey .
DOGGETT, John Martin . .
DOUDNA, Dee Elwin ....
DOUGHERTY, James Howard .
DOUGHTY, George Herbert, Jr. .
DOWLING, Thomas Joseph .
DOWNIE, William Porter, Jr. .
DOYLE, John Thomas . .
DOZIER, John Wilmer, Jr. .
DRAKE, Francis Howard .
DRURY, Everett Charles .
DUGAN, James Stephen .
DYE, Howard Dewey . .
DYER, Clifford Leo . .
EAGAN, Walter Vincet . .
EASTMAN, William Charles .
ECKFELDT, Thomas Hooper
EDWARDSJ Harry Clifford .
EDWARDS, Lewis Webster, Jr.
EDWARDS Richard Stewart, Jr. .
Shelton Howard .
EDWARDS, Waine Daniel .
EGAN, James Kenneth .J
EISENSTEIN, Paul Morris .
ELDER, Merrill John ....
ELLSWORTH, Charles Lovell .
ENDICOTT, Donald Clyde . .
EOAS, Peter John ....
ERCOLANI, Joseph Louis .
ERISMAN Harley Bryan .
ERTEL, Franklin Lamont .
ESSAFF, Lewis John V. ,
ETCHISON, Winfred Leona .
EVANS, Willard Earl . .
FAIN, Curtis Denzil . .
FARLER, Elmer . . .
FAULKNER, Willie Frank .
FEEBECK, Daniel . . .
FENDELL, Jordan Byron .
FERRO, Vito James ....
FERRI, Louis John ....
FERRINGO, Juan Baptiste Antonio
FIER, James Donald ....
FILIP, Roger Francis . .
FILIPPELLI, Bruno Joseph .
FILL, Anthony Francis .
FILLIPELLI, Frank . .
FINK, Ralph William . . .
FINKBINNER, Fenton Lewis
FISH, Richard "M" . . .
FISHER, Herbert Edward .
FITZGERALD, Gerald Euclid .
FITZGERALD, James Leonard .
FITZGERALD, Thomas Francis
FITZPATRICK, Edwin Ray . .
FITZPATRICK, Hugh Thomas, Jr..
FLAHERTY, John Patrick . .
FLAMMIA, Rocco Thomas .
FLEMING, Robert Mason
FLEMING, Robert John . . .
FLEMING, Steward Esmond . .
FLESCH, Emil George Fredrick, Jr.
FRESZAR, Joseph Frank . . .
FLOCKEN, Gerald Francis
FLOWER, Alva John . .
FLOWERS, Archie Eldridge .
FLYNN, Daniel Murphy .
FLYNN, Floyd Louis . .
FLYNN, Joseph Aloysins, Jr. .
FOGARTY, Gerald Anthony .
FOLEY, John Biddle . . .
FOLEY, John Joseph, Jr. .
FOLEY, Robert Francis .
FOLIO, Anthony Dominick .
FORD, James Richard . .
FORLIE, Edward Livingston .
FORREST, Leland Francis .
FOSE, Donn Franklin ....
FOSTER, Aloyoins Nicholas, Jr. .
FOSTER, William . . .
FOTTA, Arthur Stephen . . .
FOURNIER, Joseph Albert Damien
FOWLER, Joseph Lee ....
FOWLER, Robert Kenneth .
FOX, Richard Lawrence .
FOX, Thomas Edward .
FOY, Albert Moser, Jr. . .
FRALEIGH, Douglas Martin .
FRALICK, Curtis Gene .
FRANCE, Richard Warren .
FRANCIS, John Gilbert .
FRASCO, Vito .....
FRATER, Richard Carlisle .
FRAZIER, Robert Burns .
FREAR, Howard . . .
FREEMAN, Cylvester Lee .
FREIDHOF, Clement Lee .
FREUND, Norbert Nestor .
FREUND, William George .
FRIAR, Joseph Oscar . . .
FRIEND, Thomas Willard . .
FROELICK, Anthony Capparlli .
FUCCI, John Michael . . .
FULLER, Edward Ernest .
FUSAKIO, Americo .
FUSCO, Orlando Henry .
GABEL, Ernest August .
GABRIEL, Thomas Daniel
GADBOIS, Hadley James .
GALLAGHER, Francis Joseph,
GALLINAT, Walter, Jr. .
GALLO, Ferdinando John
GAMBATESE, Peter . .
GAMLEY, Robert Joseph .
GANTER, Harvey Gordon
GARAND, Frederick Arthur
GARCIA, Joe ....
GARDNER, David Spencer
GARDNER, Richard John
GARDNER, Ronald Marshall
GARLAND, William Jule .
GARWOOD, William Milton
GATES, Richard Maurice .
GATES, Robert Lee .
GAUDEY, George Louis
GEIGER, Eugene Thomas .
GEIS, Paul Eugene . .
GERR, Seymour Joseph .
GERRY, Andrew Gordon .
GERTH, Robert Allen . .
GIACCO, George Joseph, Jr.
GIAMBRUNO, John Gasper
GIBSON, Archie Eugene .
GIBSON, Hoot Denzil . .
GIBSON, James Duval .
GILES, William Keith . .
GILLESPIE, Rex Virgil .
GIMINIANI, Rudolph Paul
GINTER, Weldon . . .
GLEASON, Darrell Bouton
GLEASON ' Robert Francis
GLEASON? William Henry, Jr..
GLYNN, Leroy Joseph .
GODARD, Oliver Ensworth .
GOHL, Howard Henry .
GOLDEN, Joseph Francis .
GOLDFIELD, Sidney Irvin
GOLDSTEIN, Alex . . .
GOLDSTEIN, Murray Elias
GOLUBSKI, Daniel Jack .
GONDECK, Hebert Claire
GOOCH, Clayborn Edward
GOOD, Walter Clement, Jr.
GOODMAN, Harry Junior
GOSLANT, Perley Romeo
GOSSWEILLER, Herman Joseph . .
GRAHAM, Council Menifield
GRAHAM, Harvey Theodore
GRAHAM, Howard Nicholas
GRANGAARD, Roger Eugene
GRANGER, Dale Howard
GRASMICK, Stanley Joseph
GRAVES, Ronald Harold . .
GRAY, George Roberts .
GRAY, James Frederick .
GREAVES, Earl Pancost .
GRECO, Joseph Armond .
GREEN, 'Gerald Eugene .
GREEN, Gilbert Bernard .
GREGG, Warren Howard .
GREGORY, Robert Miles .
GREHAN, John Joseph .
GRILLO, Rosario William
GRIMALDI, Anthony Louis
GRIMALDI, Robert Albert .
CRIMES, Joseph Francis .
GRINDER, Newell Ralph . .
GROMAN, Arthur Abraham .
GROSSMEYER, Hall Dale
GROSS, Edward Earl . . .
GROSSMAN, William George
GRUGNALE, Nicholas Samuel .
GRUSENMEYER, William Charles
GUIDEN, Harold William . .
GUILD, David Francis .
GULACHOK, Walter . . .
GUSEMAN, Richard Thomas . .
GUTOWSKI, Thomas Richard .
GUY, William Hayes . . .
GUZEWICZ, John Francis
GWYN, Edward Thodore .
GYONGYOSY, William .
HABER, Joseph George . .
HABEREK, Eugene James .
HAESLOOP, Bertram Gregory .
HAGY, Harold Edward . .
HAILEY, David Ralph . .
HALCOMB, Rose Ross
HALERAN, Micheal .
HALEY, Willard Chester .
HALL, Harold Eugene .
HALL, Robert Benson, Jr.
HALL, Russell Edward .
HALL, William Phillipe III
HALLMARK, Andrew Jackson, Jr.
HALVACHS, Richard Stephen
HAMEL, Philip Raymond .
HAMEL, Reno Jean Noel .
HAMILL, Paul James . . .
HAMILTON, Donald Arthur . .
HAMILTON, Richard Randell .
HANDY, Ralph Jarome . .
HANN, John Arnold . .
HANSEN, Howard Orville .
HANSHAW, Frederick Elbert .
HARABAUGH, George Joseph .
HARMON, Charles Carl . .
HARRINGTON, James Calvin .
HARRISON, James ....
HARTENSTINE, William Herbef,Jf. . . '
HARWELL, Alfred Kelly . .
HAUN, Henry Stenton . . .
HAVHOLM, John Andrew . .
HAWKINS, Quentin Raymond .
HAVVKS, Charles William .
HAWLEY, Franklin Van Rensselaer . .
HAYES, Ervie Lee . . .
HAYES, Stephen William . .
HAYLES, Champion . .
HAYNES, Robert Lester . .
AHEALEY, Sylvester Frank .
HELLER, David Jarrell . .
HENDERSON, Philip Lloyd .
HENKEL, John William . .
HENRY, Joel Benjamin .
HERALD, Cecil Lloyd .
HESS, Eugene Edward . .
HEYER, Robert Amil . .
HIEF, Charles Frederick .
HILL, Melvin Lovell . .
I'IILL,'Nathaniel .- .
HILL, Warren Allen .
HINES, Edward Junior .
HINTZ, Harry William .
HOBBS, Robert Phillip .
HODGE, Kenneth Sidney .
HOFFER, Robert Stanley . .
HOFFMAN, Robert Andrew .
HOFFMASTER, Richard Aaron
HOFF MEYER, Oscar Jr. . .
HOLLANDER, George . . .
HOLLINGER, Phares . . .
HOIMGAARD, Maynard Dennis
HOLZER, Joseph Jr ....
HOOTON, Arthur James .
HOOVER, Henry William .
HORTON, Marvin Edward .
HUBBLE, Lewis Ray . . .
HUGALL, Harold Reginald .
HUGHES, Ward LeRoy . .
HUNT, Donn Clinton' . .
HUNT, Elmer Edward . .
HUNTER, Robert Glenn .
HUNTER, William Wayne
INGRAM, John Chester .
ISAACS, Lee Edward . .
IVIE, Edward SJ" . .
JAMES, Ross David . .
JAMES, Von Ezekiel . . .
JEWETT, Nelson Holland .
JOHNSON, August . .
JOHNSON, Charles Melvin .
JOHNSON, Donald Ernest .
JOHNSON, Eldon Lewis . .
JOHNSON, William Hubert .
Edward . . .
Howard Kelly .
Richard William .
Thomas Albert .
William Anthony . .
William Marvin .
, y . .
JUTTNER, Richard Leonard .
KABODIAN, Hrog Joseph .
KAIL, Fredrick Eugene . .
KAISER, William Joseph, Jr. .
KANAK, Ernest Frank . .
KAPLAN, Peter Stanley . .
KASS, Arthur .....
KASCYSKI Michael Stanle Jr. . .
KEENAN, Charles Francis .
KELLEY, John Joseph, Jr. .
KELLOGG, Harry Joseph . .
KENDALL, Emmett Lyle . .
KERIVAN, Thomas Edward .
KERN, Grant Leroy . . .
KEY, Kenneth Wesley .
KIBURZ, Daniel Fredrick .
KIEFER, Alfred Eugene .
KIERNAN, Robert Mark .
KILEY, Emmett Joseph .
KIMBLE, Russell Earl .
KING, Paul Cyral, Jr. .
KING, William Watts . .
KINKADE, Kenneth . .
KINNEY, John Fredrick .
KIRK, Ralph Jacob, Jr. .
KJELDSON, Charles Albert
KJELLIN, Carl Rowland .
KLEESS, William Patrick
KLEM, James Francis . .
KLINE, Frank Dyche . .
KLINGLER, Rex Ira .
KLUG, Wilbur Edwin .
KNELL, Edward Leslie .
KNIGHT, Everett Fay, Jr.
KNIGHT, Guy Newton .
KNOP, Harold Richard .
KNUTSEN, Kenneth . .
KOLESAR, Francis Joseph
KOUHY, Robert Melleck .
KOVACS, Louis . . .
KOVALESKI, Charles Frank
KRACH, John Albert . .
KRAMER, Luke Victor .
KREISER, Marlin Richard
KREUTZER, Joseph . .
KRUCHELSKI, Alfred Johns
KRUGER, Marshall Dean
KRUSE, Henry Fredrick, Jr.
KRUZAN, Henry Albert .
KUETTNER, Kurt Paul .
KURTH, Charles Thomas .
LA BORN, Fred . . .
LABRECQUE, Chanel Jean
LAMEIN, Martin Joseph .
LANE, Aron . . . A.
LANG, Forrest Elmer .
LANGLEY, Roy Everett .
LANGSTAFF, Fred Charles
LAROSE, Henry Francis .
LARSON, Calvin Eugene .
LATARE, Merlin Thomas -
LAUER, Edward Leon . .
LAVIN, Raymond Dwyer .
LAVOIE, George Emol .
LEACH, William Archibald
LEACHMAN, John Clifford
LEARY, Norman Keith .
LEAVITT, Jack Warren .
LEDERER, John Stanley .
LEMASTER, Richard Aaron
LENOIR, William Vaught, Jr.
LEO, Angelo Junior . .
LEVENTHAL, Jack Irwin
LEWANDOWSKI, Julius .
LEWIS, James Milton . .
LINDSEY John Euwin .
LINGHAM, William Sherman. '
LIS, Edward Lawrence .
LITTLE, James Edward .
LOCHIMO, Edward . .
LODER, Harvey Dale . .
LOMBARDI, Michael Angelo. ' '
LONGARIO, Louis . . .
LOPEZ, Paul Encinas . .
LOREDO, John . .
LORENZ, Albert ....
LOUGHRAN, John Stephen .
LOVE, Elvis "D" ....
LUCCI, Benny Ralph . .
LUCERO, Epimenio NB" .
LUDLUM, Malloney Otha
LUDWICK, Donald Owings .
LUKCO, Edward John . .
LUNE, William Charles .
LUPORI, Louis Peter . .
LUTTE, Wilson Leopold .
MACHELEDT, Micheal .
MACK, Albert Paul . .
MACK, George Leslie . .
MAC WILLIAMS, William .
MADISON, Ishmael . . .
MAHON, Thomas Christopher
MAITA, Nicholas Joseph . .
MAKRIS, Edward . . .
MANIPELLA, Frank Louis
MANLEY, John James .
MANLEY, William Dennis
MANN, Ralph Edwin . . .
MAPSTONE, Frank Charles .
MARCUS, Harvy ....
MARKHAM, John Bowan, Jr.
MARKON, Richard Edgar .
MAROTTA, Armando . .
MARSH, John Stephen .
MARTIN, Arthur Hall . . .
MARTIN, James William, Jr. .
MARTIN, Jasper Young .
MARTIN, Paul Winefred, Jr. .
MARTINO, Daniels Louis .
MARTZ, Joseph Albert .
MARULLO, Sam . . .
MASI, Louis .....
MASSELL, Silverio Anthony .
MASSING, Edward Anthony .
MASTERSON, James John .
MATTHEWS, William Calvin .
MAUPIN, Robert Wesley . .
MAXIN, Kenneth Jay . . .
MAXWELL, Alfred Edward .
MAYNARD, Hal Stokely . . .
MAZANEK, Theodore Frederick .
MC BRIDE, Charles Cleveland, Jr. . .
MC CANE, Thomas William . .
MC CARTHEY, Forrest Lynn . .
MC CLENDON, Radford Franklin
MCCORMICK, Donald Aloyoius
MC CULLOCH, Thomas Brady .
MC DANIEL, Floyd Raymond .
MC DERMOTT, Thomas Martin .
MC DOWELL, Olin Everette . .
MC ELMURRAY, Ezra Blanton, Jr
MC GILL, William Russell . .
MC GOWAN, John Arthur .
MC GUIRE, Edward Sonic
MC KENNA, John William . .
MC LAUGHLIN, John Francis, Jr.
MC LAUGHLIN, Paul Francis .
MC LAUGHLIN, Robert Charles .
MC MAHON, John Joseph .
MC MILLIAN, Paul Manuel .
MEADE, James Kenneth . .
MEIER, William Francis, Jr. .
MELLI, Chester Michael . .
MENTEER, Lee Robert . .
METIVIER, Roland Howard .
MICHAELS, Thomas Jr. . .
MIDDLETON, Raymond Eugene
MILLER, Elwood Rowland .
MILLER, Robert Theodore
MINOR, Robert Edward .
MISYAK, Paul Anthony . .
MITCHELL, Charles Henry .
MITCHELL, George Gus . .
MITCHELL, William Flynn .
MITTELMAN, Sidney . . .
MOFFETT, Jack ....
MONINGTON, Edgar Emery .
MOONEY, William Frank .
MOORE, James Almas .
MOOSA, Nagin Louis . .
MORGAN, Gene Boswell .
MORRIS, Victor Robert .
MORRIS, Vincent George .
MORSE, Edward David . .
MORTON, David Elton . .
MORTON Robert . . .
MORVANJF, Noland Joseph Gillis. ' '
MOSER, John William . .
MOSLEY, Edward ....
MOTTESE, Eugene Joseph . ,
MoTToLEsE, Tonnnooo Anthony. ' '
MOWERY, Stanley Elsworth .
MOYER, Charles William .
MOYNIHAN, John Joseph, Jr.
MUENCH, Earl William, Jr. .
MULLEN, Chester Lawence .
MULLIGAN, Edward Harper .
MULLOY, Louis Tweedie . .
MULVEY, James Bernard . .
MUMFORD, William Albert .
MUNCE, Thomas Watson . .
MUNCY, William Howard .
MUNSON, Millage Warren .
MUNSON, Raymond Edgar .
MURDOCH, Douglas Gray .
MURPHY, Deward Lavern .
MURPHY, John Bernard, Jr. .
MURPHY, John Francis .
MURPHY, Joseph ....
MURPHY, Thomas William .
MURPHY, William Lawrence .
MURPHY, William Paul . .
MURRAY, Lawrence Edward .
MUSE, Charles William . .
NACHTICAL, Frank Paul . .
NADLER, George Robert .
NAPLES, Everett Niel . .
NAPPI, Frank ....
NEILL, Gifford 'Wendell .
NELSON, Frank Hess . .
NELSON, Frederick Nials .
NELSON, Robert Melvin . .
NELSON, Theodore Samuel .
NESMITI-I, Clarence . . .
NESTOR, William Peter . . . .
NEVILLE, Walter James .... .
NEWLANDS, William Edgar, Jr.
NEWMAN, Donald Paul . . . .
NEWMAN, Kenneth . . .
NICKERSON, James Harold .
NIELSON, Walter Gram . .
NOCETI, Norman Virgil .
NOEL, Sidney Lucien . .
NORRIS, Lloyd . . .
NORTH, Clifford Harry .
NORTZ, Allen Emery . .
NOVOTNAK, John Clarence
NOWAK, Stanley Joseph . .
NUNNALLY, James Eldwood .
OHDE, David Oscar . . .
OHNEMUS, Neil Nicholsa
ONEAL, Forrest Eldon . .
ONEIL, Joseph Jeremiah, Jr. .
ORR, James Robert . . .
OSBORN, Joseph Jr. . . .
O'SULLIVAN, William Edward
OSWELL, Evander Rudolph, Jr.
OWEN, Otis Woodrow . .
PACE, Benjamin Frederick .
PACKER, Edward Lee .
PALMER, Frank Dean . .
PALMER, William Andrew .
PALUMBO, Vincent Leonard .
PARMLEY, Walter E. Junior .
PARR, Claven Emerson .
PARRISH, Clarence Wallace .
PARROTT, John Van Dusen .
PARTYKA, Leo ....
PAULSON, Vernon Eugene .
PAVLIS, Russell . . .
PAXTON, Elbert Ireland .
PAYNE, Leonard Earl .
PAYNE, Wilfred Laverne .
PEABODY, William Henry .
PEARSON, Harold Cunliffe .
PEACOCK, Darel Eugene . .
PENCOVIC, Herman Theodore
PENNY, Jack Robert . . .
PEREA, Antonio Jr. . .
PERKINS, James Lee . .
PERRY, James Henry, Jr. .
PERSONIUS, Merl Roger .
PETERMAN, Keith Leroy .
PETERS, Kenneth Walter .
PETERSEN, Ellsworth James
PETERSON, Earl ....
PETERSON, Robert Edison .
PETERSON, Rolan Laurel .
PETROU, Christopher . .
PETROVICH, Alex Thomas .
PETRUSAK, John . . .
PHELPS Arthur, Jr. . . .
PHILLIRS, Lloyd William .
PHILLIPS, William David .
PICKEN, Gerald Ralph .
PICKETT, Edward Francis
PION, Paul Arthur . .
PITTMAN, Alton Rudolph .
PLAMP, Elmer Alfred .
PLASTER, Clarence Oran .
POETTER, Arthur Louis . .
POHLMEIER, Aloc Joseph .
POIRIER, Eugene Ely .
POLHEMUS, Jacob Francis
POORKER, Glenn Wood .
PONKO, Robert Joseph .
POOLE, Paul Howard .
POTTER, Edward Clarence
POWER, Harry Raymond .
PRATT, James Clifford .
PRESTON, Robert Lee .
PREVOST, Ralph Joseph .
PRICE, Paul Reese . .
PRICE, William Everett .
PRINES, Laddie John . .
PROCTOR, Clifford Archie
PUFFER, Harold Otis, Jr.
PUGH, Earl Everett, Jr. .
PUTNAM, Carroll Arthur . .
QUILLEN, John Edward . .
RACIOPPE, Joseph 'Dominick
RAGAN, Omer Clay . . .
RAINE, Royal Wayman .
RAKOW, Eldon Robert .
RAND, Harold .....
RANDAZIO, Martin John . ' .
RASK, Carl Henry ....
RASMUSSEN, William Tycho
RASSA, Charles Earl . . .
RATHBURN, Donald James .
RAVENSCROFT, Charles Henry
REAVES, Marvin Wilson . .
RECORD, Alferd ....
REDDING, George Hackney .
REED, Thomas .....
REESE, Bennie Earl . .
REESE, Kenneth Plumer
REESE, Maurice John .
REGAL, Augustus James
REIDER, George James .
REILLY, Charles Augustus .
REITH, Harold Frederick .
RENAKER, Homer Lenz . .
REYNOLDS, James Cornelius
RICE, Heber Vincent . . .
RICE, Robert Walter . . .
RICHARDS, Wayne Romino .
RICHARDSON, Frank Edward
RICHARDSON, Harry Thomas
RICHARDSON, Russell Edward
RIDENHOUR, Robert Lee .
RIES, Paul Leonard . . .
RIFFE, Crit Cecil, Jr. . .
RIGENCIA, Gregerio . . .
REGGINS, Marlow Lamoine .
RIGGS, Donald Lee . . .
RIGGS, Jesse Buford . .
RIVOTA, Edward . . .
ROACH, Edward' Maurice . .
ROBERSON, Walter Arthur .
ROBERTS, Bays Bayron . .
ROBERTS, Benjamin Green .
ROBERTS, Frank Leslie, Jr. .
ROBERTSON, Milford Frick .
ROBINSON, Elmer Lester .
ROBINSON, Richard Austin .
RODRIGUEZ, Ishmael . . .
ROOK, William George .
ROSCKES, Robert Milton .
ROSE, Hurles Sheldon . .
ROSE, Sherman Rose .
ROSS, Ishmael Lee . .
ROSS, Nathan William . .
ROTMAN, Raymond . . .
ROUNTREE, Gordon Russel .
ROUSE, Alvin Otto, Jr. . .
ROWLETT, John Breen .
RUDY, Paul John . .
RUSSO, Anthony Joseph .
RUSYNIAK, John .' . .
RYCHEL, James Edward .
SACKS, William . .
SALAZAR, John . .
SALEY, August Donald .
SAMMIS, Leroy Earl, Jr. .
SANDERS, James Dudley . .
SANDERS, William Ralph .
SANDOR, John HJ" . . .
SANFORD, George Edward, Jr.
SANTANGELO, Anthony Joseph
SANTOS, Walter nj ., . .
SARCIONE, Albert Joseph .
SARSFIELD, Thomas Francis, Jr. .
SAUNDERS, James Lewis .
SAWALLISCH, William Carl
SAYLOR, Johnny Thomas . .
SAYON, Moises Chatto . . . .
SCARCELLA, Dominick Micheal
SCHALDACH, William Clarence J
SCHMIDT, Ernest William .
SCHMIDT, Paul Frank . .
SCHMIDT, Robert John . .
SCHMIDT, Tommie Edward .
SCHRAND Victor Jose h
e P -
SCHRETTNER, William John . .
SCHROCK, Clifford Micheal .
SCHUGSTA, Paul Michael .
SCHULTZ, William John .
SCHWARTZ, Keith Arthur
SCOTT, Nathan fnj, Jr. .
SEIDEL, Arthur Edgar .
SELBY, Walter Thomas .
SELFINGER, Edward John .
SELLGREN, Frederick Gunder
SELMSER. Cecil Rollon, Jr. .
SERRA, Pasquale fnj . .
SERROEN. Paul Charles .
SETTLE, John Ralph . .
SETTLE. Jesse James .
SEXTON, Cecil Friley .
SHEFFER, Robert Floyd . . . .
SHELLEY Harold Woodrow .
SHEPHAISD, Robert Emerson, Jrf f I
SHINN. Wayne Wesley .... .
SILBERSCHLAG, Harold William
SIMKINS, Edward Jerry .... .
SIMS. Ernest Floyd .... .
SISLER, John Pearson .
SKILLEN, Robert Harry .
SKOVER, Roy Albert . .
SLOCUM, Edward Francis
SMILEY, Walter fnj . .
Leroy Ward .
Paul ful . .
Ponnie "Gu .
SNOW, Edgar Deloy .
SORMANTI, Albert Franc
SPARRER, James Walter
STEA, Salvatore Joseph
STEFFENSEN, Donald Charles
STEINER, James Knapp
STERRY, Robert Welles . .
STEWART, Donald George .
STITHAM, Lloyd Wilbert
STONE, Irving Kenneth
STRONG, Aubrey Leslie . .
STUBBS, Thomas Adolph, Jr.
SUCHOCKI, Edward Joseph .
SULLIVAN, William Edward .
SUTTILL, William Scott
SVEJCARA, Charles .
SWANK, Ralph Lincoln
SWANN, Richard Jackson .
SZALKOWSKI, Louis ful . .
TAMMS, Russell Cornelius .
TANNOCK, Raymond Thomas
TARDIF, Eugene Richard . .
TAYLOR, John Couch .
TAYLOR, Porter Emerson .
TAYLOR, Robert ....
TEAGUE, Earnest Emery . . . .
TEMPLES, Chester Crawford
TEMPLETON, Lawrence MOH
TERRY, Charles Richards . .
Cklc C Tj
Prtr QMJ 2c
TETTING, Roland Harvey .
THOMAS, Herman Jr . . .
THOMAS, William Marion .
THOMPSON, Don Morris .
THOMPSON, Leonard George .
THORNHILL, Robert James .
THORNTON, Ralph . . .
THROCKMORTON, Fred Allen .
TOBIN, James Lawrence . .
TOMKINS, Jack Warren, Jr. . .
TORRES, Raymond Alvorado .
TRAHAN, John Bucy ....
TRIM, Herbert Theodore . . .
TRIMPE, Paul Henry Louis .
TWILLIGEAR, verlen Herbert, JL. f I
VAN EMMERIK, John Martinus .
VAN HORN, Walter Andrew . .
VAUGHN, Dock Otis . . .
VERACKA, Joseph John . . .
VOTENDAHL, Eugene Robert .
WACHOWICZ, Frank Chester
WADDELL, Charles Edward . .
WADLIN, Charles Trafton, Jr. .
WAGNER, Richard James . .
WALKER, Francis Xavier .
WALLACE, Charles Ray . .
WATSON, Raymond Lee .
WATTS, Earl Deloss .
WATTS, General, Jr. . .
WEAVER, Leroy David .
WEISS, Joseph Clement .
WELDON, James Joseph . .
WEST, Henry ....
WEST, William Marcellus . . .
WESTBERG, Henning Verner .
WESTENDORF, Herman Henrich
WESTERFIELD, Paul Augustus .
WHITE, Enis ......
WHITSETT, Jasper Harvey, Jr. .
WHITTEMORE, George Benjamin
WIESINGER, Leo Brose . . .
WIGGS, Chester David . .
WIGHTMAN, Richey Ray . .
WILK, William George .
WILKIN, Robert Lee . . .
WILKINS, Arthur Pritts . .
WILLIAMS, Walter Calvin . .
WILLIAMSON, Joseph Powell .
WILSON, Thelmer Alexander
W'ITTNER, Robert Joseph .
WOLDT, Herman John, Jr. . .
WOODS, Russell Edward . . .
WORTHING, Arnold Frasier . .
WORTHINGTON, Guy Grafton, Jr. f f
WYERS, Paul Charles ....
YARBOOCH, Bobby Gene .
YAROSZ, John Stanley .
YENCHICK, Michael fnj . .
YOUNG, Ernest Franklin . .
ZALOON, Basil Edward . .
ZEITLER, Melvin Harold . .
ZELENKA, James Robertson .
ZIZZA, Anthony Martin . .
ZUPUS, William Edward . .
ZWERLING, Abraham fnj .
ZWLICK, Joseph Peter .
JANTZ, Olan Benjamin . .
On Board for temporary duty under instruction. Tem
porary duty to be completed on or about IO August 1945
in accordance with receipt authority.
In Memory of William W. King, SCZ:
Looking for the Resurrection
THE TUPEKA SUNG
'4Now hear this TOPEKA,
We have answered F reedom's call
Sing out TOPEKA,
Your the finest of them all.
Now hear this TOPEKA,
As we sail the Western Seag
We'reton the go to Tokyo
To strike a blow for libertyf'
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