Texas (CGN 39) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1991

Page 14 of 136

 

Texas (CGN 39) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1991 Edition, Page 14 of 136
Page 14 of 136



Texas (CGN 39) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1991 Edition, Page 13
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Page 14 text:

Proud Heritage... The first ship named TEXAS was a sloop of war commissioned in the Texas Navy on January 5, 1840. The TEXAS was 125 feet long and weighed 600 tons, consisting mainly of heavy oak frames and copper sheathing. She had eighteen 24-pound columbiad guns with 25 rounds of solid ammunition and 13 of canister and 12 of grape, with powder for 25 rounds per gun. Her compliment was to be 24 officers and 147 men, but she was never fully manned. The TEXAS was allowed 30 muskets, 10 pistols, and 30 cutlasses. She was to carry 8,000 gallons of water, a 26-foot launch, and four smaller boats. On April 20, 1840, President Lamar changed the name of the TEXAS to AUSTIN, and on May 11, 1846, she was transferred to the U.S. Navy. In 1848 she ran aground and broke apart. The second ship named TEXAS was originally a Confederate twinscrew ironclad ram. She was seized by Union forces in 1865 and taken to the Norfolk Navy Yard where she was sold in 1867. The third TEXAS was the U.S. Navy's first battleship. She was launched in 1889 at the Norfolk Navy Yard, under the sponsorship of Miss Madge Houston Williams, granddaughter of Sam Houston. She cruised to Galveston in 1898 to be visited by the citizens of Texas. The night she arrived there, the battleship MAINE blew up in Havana Harbor in an appalling catastrophe which precipitated the Spanish-American 1 2 X l I l I 1 l l l 1 3 w s l l l A

Page 13 text:

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Page 15 text:

War. Beginning in IVlay 1898, TEXAS was on constant blockade patrol between San- tiago and Guantanamo Bay. In July of that year, TEXAS was involved in the battle in which the entire Spanish Fleet was either captured or destroyed at Santiago. From 1908 until 1911, TEXAS senfed as station ship at Charleston. Among those assigned quarters on the battleship was future Fleet Admiral Chester W. Nimitz. ln 1911 she was decommissioned and renamed SAN MARCOS. Sometime later she was sunk as a target for gunfire practice. Built by Newport News Shipbuilding, the fourth TEXAS fthe second battleship USS TEXASJ was commissioned in 1914. Her twin-gunned 14-inch turrets were of the lat- est design, and she had what was reputed to be the largest and most efficient set of reciprocating main engines afloat. ln her speed trials she made her designed speed of 21 knots, and her gunnery scores laid the foundation for her reputation as one of the finest gunnery ships in the Navy. A During World War l she senfed in European waters and was present at the surren- der of the German Imperial High Seas Fleet. On the fateful day of December 7, 1941, TEXAS was in Portland, Maine. Shortly thereafter she began sewing as an escort for convoys to Europe. These escort duties extended through 1942 and 1943, and in April of 1944 she was ordered to remain in the European theater to prepare for the Invasion of Normandy. On June 25, 1944, she was struck by enemy fire for thefirst time in her 30-year career. During a three hour dual with the German guns at Cherbourg, TEXAS took

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