Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA)

 - Class of 1943

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1943 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 574 of the 1943 volume:

Iulitdr-iii-Chief . . Business Manager . Issociale Editor Photography .... ......H. Keith Fischer . . . . Andrew Sokaldiuk ..Clarence L. Lehman Norman I). MacKcn ie TEMPLE II I V E It s I I Y SCHOOL OF MEDICI Enil TEM PLE I NIVKRSI I S SCHOOL MEDIC IN E ■mw i r . i . - i i 4 ■' A' THE SKULL PRESENTED BY THE (.RADI’A I INC. CLASS OF 1943Ml R E II II li II The years of preparation are over and ihe lime of opportunity and action has arrived- for our Nation and for ourselves. In an incomplete general way the SKI LL of 1943 makes an attempt to relive our years at 1 cmple Medical School—not the long hours in the lecture room always three sentences and a sore middle finger behind the prolessor, but rather at the side of this same professor in his laboratory or in his clinic where something more than science began to bind us together for the first time as men. then as apprentices in the Great Profession. It is also from this uni |ue contact with these great men that we look beyond the present period of alteration, correction and renovation to the years of peace in the future with the sober confidence that we have been prepared lor more than merely fighting a winning battle—we have been prepared by these influences and contacts to build for the day when we shall assume our places in the ranks of those to whom today we owe so much. We. the Class of 1943, are the future of the medical profession. Our direction has been well charted of that, let the SKULL of 1943 he an enduring record. Ml I f 1 T I II 1 In the- place where one expects the head of a department to be an outstanding leader in his chosen lield. scientific skill and knowledge is the prime prerequisite. Scientific skill and knowledge can exist in an inanimate lorm in books, where, of itself. it can accomplish great things. But when expert application is combined with a friendly, energetic, radiant, human personality, it is integrated to its ultimate possibilities. To you. Dr. Lillie, we. the Class of kjj), gratefully dedicate our SKVI.I.: Not only because you have been an able Professor of Ophthalmology and successfully demonstrated to us the unusual importance and inherent interest of your subject; . . . But because you have given us more than Ophthalmology—because you have been a friend, and an inspiration —because you have combined truth, honesty, optimism and success in such a vital way— And because each of us will begin his career in medicine deeply enriched by our contacts with you. • m! It 1Dr. Lillie describes the fuiijdal picture. Dr. Walter I. Lillie. M.D.. M S. (Ophthal.) DR. WALTER I. LILLIE WALTER IVAN LILLIE. M.D.. MS. in Ophthalmology, was born November 5, 1891. in Grand Haven. Michigan, the third of four sons of Walter Irving Lillie, Attorney-at-law, and Ella McGrath Lillie. His brothers arc Harold Irving Lillie. M.D.. Head of the Department of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Mayo Clinic; Leo C. Lillie. Attorney-at-law, Grand Haven, Michigan, and Hugh E. Lillie. Senior United States Attorney, Interstate Commerce Commission, Columbus. Ohio. He graduated from the Grand Haven High School in 1909, and entered the University ol Michigan that year. In 1915 he received his Medical Degree from the University of Michigan, and interned at the University Hospital. Ann Arbor, from September 1915 to June 191 ( . Front July 1. 1916 until July t. 1917, he was in service at the Buick Emergency Hospital, Flint, Michigan. On August 30, 1916 lie married Opal C. Jones in St. Johns, Michigan. There arc two sons: Robert J. Lillie, a student in Poulin Husbandry at Penn State College, and Phillip M. Lillie, an Aviation Cadet. U. S. Army. On July 1, 1917. he went to the Mayo Clinic as an Assistant in Ophthalmology and a Fellow in Ophthalmology. Mayo Foundation. University of Minnesota Graduate School. From August 1917 to March 1919 he served as 1st Lieutenant in the Medical Reserve Corps, both with the British and American Expeditionary Forces in France, where he was privileged to serve tinder Sir Frederick Mott, noted British neurologist and neuro-pathologist. On his return from Service, he continued his Fellowship in Ophthalmology at the Mayo Clinic, and in 1922 was granted a degree of Master ol Science in Ophthalmology from the Graduate School of Medicine. University of Minnesota. He was then appointed Instructor in Ophthalmology at the Mayo Clinic. He continued his service as such until 1925, when he was appointed an Associate in Ophthalmology, and again in 1927 an Associate Professor of Ophthalmology at the Graduate School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, and as Consultant in Ophthal tnology at the Mayo Clinic. Dr. Lillie's rapid rise at the Mayo Clinic was the result of hard work, good work, and a large amount of work. In addition to his medical and surgical service Dr. Lillie was the Neuroopluhalmic Consultant, and his original work in this field was one of the pillars upon which the Neuro-surgical Depart menr of the Mayo Clinic was built. I)r. Lillie begins 10 remove a cataract with knife and forceps while Dr. Kinnnel assists.iii Novcmbe) 1931, he traveled 10 Shikar-pm, India. 10 serve with Dr. II. |. Holland ai his large Ophthalmic Surgical Clinic lor a two-months period. During his slay I here. Dr. Lillie perlormed as main as one hundred cataract operations in a day. He returned In way ol the Orient in March of 1932. and continued his work at the Mayo Clinic. In Scpiembet 1933. he was appointed Pro-lessor and Head ol the Department of Ophthalmology at Temple University School of Medicine, and Consulting Ophthalmologist. Temple University Hospital: Shritiers Hospital. Philadelphia, and Norristown State Hospital. Norristown, and Guest Lecturer in Neuro-ophthalmology. Graduate School, University of Pennsylvania. He is a member and past president ol the Eye Section of the Philadelphia County Medical Society. He is a member of the American Medical Association and the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology. He has frequently been honored by 1 it is society by being selected to give postgraduate instruction courses to the members at their annual meeting. Dr. Lillie is a member and chairman ol the Program Committee of the American Ophthalmological Society. He is also a member of the American College of Surgeons. Philadelphia College l Physicians. Sydenham Medical Coterie, the Harvey Cushing Society and Sigma Xi. He is an author ol numerous articles dealing with Ophthalmology and is a co-author of the textbook. "Cardio vascular Renal Disease.” He is also contributing editor of the Pennsylvania Med ical Journal, and the Confines Xeurologica. From his clinics we learn that Dr. Lillie has mastered the art, as well as the science ol in'cdicirte. He is always the same and works with enthusiasm—dispensing medicine, cheer. and optimism wherevtri ihe are needed. Dr. Lillie is a friend ol the student and ihe younger men in the profession and he is always anxious to help them when necessary. He has a series of sage remarks which are sprinkled through his day and are always appropriate, among which are:- “One robin doesn’t make a sprinef; "You can still have the ‘old raT and get hit with a height car": "The further out you stick your neck the more room there is lot footprints on it"; "One grows older but never old"; "Ophthalmology is the aristocrat of the specialities”; "II you are born to be shot, you’ll never be hanged": "You were a perfect patient"; and many others. He excels in his hobby which is small game hunting and trap shooting and he has won mam trophies and honors in this sport. He is a member ol the Philadelphia Countr Club, the Roxborough Cam Club, and the Atlantic Indians. Since Dr. Lillie has been such a guiding influence to our class, as well as to many classes before us. since he has contributed so much to our Medical School and Temple University, since he is such an important influence in Philadelphia’s Ophthalmology, and since he has given so much to National Ophthalmology and the Ophthalmic Literature. we, the (Mass of "l.V ate pleased and proud of our selection for this year's SKULL dedication. However. Dr. Lillie alone does not deserve all the credit for his brilliant succe ss. He has had a marked advantage in the1 timeh advice and inspiration ol Mrs. Lillie. To know Dr. Lillie’s sons is to know two gentlemen, to know Mrs. Lillie is to know a charming lady, and to know Dr. Lillie is a real privilege. With ;i fees skilled movements, the opaque lens is removed and tin- eyes are bandaged. ()| cration is over in 10 minutes and Di. Lillie shows mbrose the enucleated specimen.i1 ii m ii m 10 I HE CLASS OF 1943 Perhaps Temple University never has performed a more important single service to humanity than she has this year when she gives to America her 1943 class of doctors and nurses. You are bearers of healing to a world whose need for healing is without precedent. Men everywhere, shattered in body and mind, will be awaiting your ministrations. Hasten, then, on your mission. It may take you, eventually, to steaming jungles or arctic wastes, but. suffering there will be lessened by your presence. And when wars are done, God speed your return to America’s homes, hospitals, and laboratories. Public health, industrial medicine. private practice, research, and the other fields of your profession will have need of your skill and training. Those who die to make men free arc heroes. No less so are those who live selflessly to make and to keep men whole. May this always be your high calling. Robi.rt Livingston Johnson. II It. It O II 1: R TL . 1 O H S O Nii m GREETINGS TO THE CLASS OF 1:943- VVhat a time in which to graduate! Plans which you have made are shattered by this world upheaval, but do not spend any time in contemplating “what used to be. in the Good Old Days.” Things have changed, and like it or not, we must face the problems confronting us. When the world tragedy ends, you will have a chance to play a part in the construction of the "new world": the opportunity to help build a just, humane and endurable peace. New horizons of medical progress will be opened, the potentialities ol which you do not yet dream. It is highly probable that the practice ol medicine as you now know it. will be changed. Try to guide this trend in the right direction, and if possible, prevent its becoming political in control. Wherever you may be, remember there is but one-straight road to success, and that is the road of merit. The man who is successful is the man who is useful. That you may all lead useful lives is the sincere wish of your Dean. William N. Parkinson. II It W I lon r Ljears ewe we first came to the Temple University Medical School. It seems impossible that the years have passed so swiltly when we consider how long the hours and clays have been. Still it is difficult to completely recapture the confusion and despair that was so well known to us in that first year. Broad Street was Broad Street even then as now, but it had a colder and less friendly look on our first arrival. The school building itself was austere and seemed reluctant to receive us as neophytes to tlie old and practiced medicine that it had come to represent. Stranger meeting stranger and each, fearing that the other was far more steeped in the erode than he. wondered at his own audacity to seek knowledge of a kindly science in such cold surroundings. Despair was soon to give-way to the new-monster Fear, however, for medical professors have a way of cramming knowledge down the student's throat, long after the anti-peristaltic waves have been established, and wondering at their poor retention. Drawings, laboratory procedures, cadaver-ing. definitions, origins and insertions, nerve supplies, blood supplies, the microscope, the developing fetus, the fourth floor lavatory, the next man—all of these bring a smile now even as the awakening dreamer smiles in the security of knowing "it was only a night mare." But that year passed as all years have a way of doing, and we were no longer the dregs but sophomores—which. I understand, is often translated “sophisticated morons." In spite of the fact that we were in a lighter weight group we were glad the bell had saved us for a second round, so we tightened our belts and went back to work. Working now a little closer to what we had previously thought was medicine we began to take heart. Phvsiology unfolded the wisdom of the human economy to us. and Pathology showed us that same economy under the stress and strain of poorly balanced supply and demand and disease. Then Pharmacology stretched forth its curative hand to offer us the best it had toward reestablishing this normal economy. But it was September again and ty.ji, and we were juniors. Now, that faculty-to-forget which we had cursed so vehemently for two 10 v aSdea___jl ince years tame to have a meaning, for new things were brought to our attention and whole-sections of disleveled cortex had to be cleared or rearranged for the new planting. A new and more vital seed was sewn and we were already looking forward to the harvest. Surgery. Pediatrics. Medicine and all thcii various specialties convened to bring us closer to an understanding of the noble art. and we began to amaze ourselves with our own profound utterings; It was also as junior students that we invaded the hospital and to our surprise found that we were no longer strangers but a growing part of the profession. Summer time and school for the senior went on. The air was thick as syrup. The constant drone of the never ending procession ol cars and busses could be heard through tlie-open windows. Flies droned about the heads of students, and the professors droned in their classrooms. Most of us staggered through the long sultry days grimly, but a good many others openly hibernated in the lecture rooms. Sweat oozed unilaterally from Dr. Brown’s plethoric forehead and Dr. Bacon shed his big bear coat. “Tomorrow and tomorrow" did some sure-enough “creeping.” and the "joie de vivre et d'etudier" reached a new low. “Itivita Minerva" the student finally succumbed to Lethe, and progress, if any, was of unknown etiology. Suddenly Fall brushed a cooling hand across the fevered brow. The delirious mind looked about dazed to find the leaves once more stripped from the trees and Philadelphia's own inimitable ugliness rudely exposed. I he tissue juices juiced and the marrow cried out for more iron to meet new demands. Work had to go on now as never before. Our country was at war and its people needed medical attention more than ever before. Graduation was set for March instead of July and l ime’s new pace had to be met. Four years have passed since we first came to Temple University Medical School . . . four great years that can never be returned. In times to come perhaps this will serve in some way to recall a few of the joys and heartbreaks of the past four years that were yours and mine. . . .» ..a .-, hyaton and i€sculapms.'SHealthsM ncalfeaD thejgods' goddesses that according tomy abffltyX. judge' nent. . i . lWLKkp THIS G TH this stipuJadon-tx) reckon him who taught me this Axt equally dear tome as my parents to share my substance ____ ___ with him rrlieve his necessities if recpredto look, upon his offspring irt the same footing asmy own brothersAto teach them this A rt if thcy shall wish to learn it. ' ’VITf V'PFEE Ok OTPviX' r 1 ON COtfat Gypreetpr lecture, fa every offer modi gf instruction wifTimparro ire drt to my own soyistytfosc of my teachers. cdsoipies fomcffy astipulation iSdtttl 'According to rtmdtwof 'miIcicfN e )M fur to wone orders Jivi T offowthesystcm ofdeyimen wfirf. fnja acccrdtiu to my a nUty c' judgement. consider ' ;t®!i fqfjthe enefit of kt patients ftn M tr faafstain from whatever is deleterious b msefievous. tnfl'yive . no deafy medicine to 'any one if asfed nor syqyest any sucf counsefb in life manner! wiunotcjive lo a woman a pessary tojproduce abort™ m -pvR giwifH Hql ess IwL m PA$s AxtLLFE fa practice My Art Iwiiinot cutyersons laForiiw under the stone rJutwiJTleave rfis to he wif done — V _z_- ' r M . •— A as reckoning that all such should be kept secret ? , t While I continue to keep this Oath unviolated. it be granr o me to enjoy I ifeH the practice idfy or the Art respected by all men in all times! Mg But should ) trespass STviolate this Oath : »jj may I he reverse be my lot! m U N I V E Y T HARRY LEROY ALLEN Philadelphia, Pa. Pin Rno Sigma U. S. Navy WHITEY was given his nickname by I r. Prichard back in his freshman year in order to distinguish him from Blackie of the same name. Although at the greatest disadvantage (alphabetically) for oral quizzes, when called upon he always acquitted himself valiantly. Allen was born in Holyoke. Massachusetts. He remained in New England for his pre-medical work, obtaining an A.B. in chemistry and zoology at Dartmouth. At Hanover he was a member of Zeta Psi. His hobby is sailing, and during the summer months he max be found on a yawl in Long Island Sound. On August 9. 1941. he married Jean O'Brien, and in October of '42 little Susan arrived to give W’hitey first hand practice in pediatrics. 18 United States Naval Hospital 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL • 1943s C II o O F ROBERT WHITNEY ALLEN Reading. Pa. Pin Alpha Sigma U. S. Army PRODUCT of Reading, Bob. occasionally known as Blackie. attended Albright College for his B.S. degree. As an undergraduate, he used to run the half-mile on the track team. At Temple, Allen became a brother in Phi Alpha Sigma Medical Fraternity. Hustling and energetic, he is the high-tension type of individual who gets things done. We ma add. however, that the least successful of all his enterprises was his abortive attempt to raise a mustache! He catered to his wanderlust during vacation b shipping abroad a freighter to the West Indies. Bob regards psychiatn as his possible specialty. St. Joseph's Hospital. Reading, Pa. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3FRANCIS ANDREW AMBROSE Paterson. N. J. Phi Alpha Sigma U. .S'. Army IT'RANK attended Princeton University for his pre-medical work before ■ coming to Philadelphia. At college he was a member of the Chemistry Society and was active in track. He was graduated with an A.B. in chemistry after having been on the dean's list for several years. He spends much of his vacation-time in New York, where, though neither a native nor a resident, he is able to get rid of his year-long New York-sick ness. Frank’s hobbies include astronomy, classical mythology, foreign languages and the study of Dante. He is class editor of the SKULL. Internal medicine is his special interest. 20 Sr. Joseph’s Hospital. Paterson, N. J. i943 SKULL . 1943 SKULL • 1943O F M JOHN DINWIDDIE ASHBY Ccdar RaPids Iowa Pm Cm U. S. Army JOHN took his freshman year at the University of Iowa Medical School where he became a member of Nu Sigma Nu. His undergraduate Alma Mater is Coe College, which awarded him an A.B. in zoology and chemistry and a commission in the R.O.T.C. He was also on the track team there. Ash is a traveler and no corner of Philadelphia is strange to this great lover of romance and song. During live summer his diversions include farming, painting barns, and just loafing. After his engagement with the United States Army, he intends to return to Iowa and practice surgen as a member of the stall of St. Luke’s Hospital in Cedar Rapids. Tk.mim i Univkrsity Hospital 21 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3CARMEN THOMAS BELLO Philadelphia, Pa. Phi Beta Pi U. .S'. Army TV T ODEST, hard working, blessed with a sunny disposition. Dash has kept the • ■ ■ ■ class on its toes on all matters pharmacological, for he is an expert pharmacist as well as an alert student of medicine. Bello attended Temple University and the School of Pharmacy, obtaining a B.S. at the latter institution. As an undergraduate, he was an active member of the Minehardt Society. His spare time is employed in compounding prescriptions in our drug room. As a hobby. Carmen has selected (of all things) pharmacology. His professional interests are divided between internal medicine and surgery. 22 Temple University Hospital 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL • 1943ARMAND LOUIS BERNABEI Philadelphia, Pa. Pin Beta Pi V. .S. Army (.RADI'A I K phanna isi, with a B.S. from the Temple University School of Pharmacy besides his degree in biology from Yillanova, Bcrnic has had excellent groundwork for his career in medicine. t college he was a member of Lambda Kappa Delta and Kappa Psi, the latter a pharmaceutical fraternity. Bernabci spends vacations in doing drug store work. His favorite diversions are sports of all kinds. In medical school he is recognized as a serious, hard working young man who by his application and industry is destined to go far in his chosen field oi internal medic ine. Sr. Li ke’s Hospital, Pint i ei.phia 23 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3VICTOR JOSEPH BIERMAN Philadelphia, Pa. Phi Alpha Sigma U. S. Army TriC is one who always seems io represent to us the true “scientific approach.” ’ Not to be led astray by words or high-flown hypotheses, he probably should have come from St. Louis or Kansas City instead of Philadelphia. He has the dogged determination of a real Truth Seeker. It was at St. Joseph’s College that he acquired his B.S. in Biology and Chemistry. As an undergraduate he participated in the activities of the Chemistry and the Physics Clubs. Bierman spends his spare time in swimming, driving, reading, and stamp collecting. He will probably engage in general practice. 24 Philadelphia General Hospiiai 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL . 1943DONALD PAUL BLOSER Enola- P; Phi Rho Sigma U. S. Army rpHE rotund, beaming, rosy-cheeked countenance which makes Don look like a - ■ Drink milk poster should be a ven good advertisement when he gets into practice. It must be the air in Enola. or something—(vitamins?). At Dickinson College Bloser majored in chemistry and came away with a B.S. It is his desire to have a rural practice: unsympathetic friends call it a rctire-io-a-larm complex. It has always seemed to us that at least one member of a class of medical students should someday become a Physician: Don Bloser is our nominee for this distinction. IIarrisbcrg Gfnkrai. Hosphai 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ED LANE BRINSON, JR. Bellingham. Wash. Phi Chi U. S. Army T IKEABLE Lane came to Philly from out of the great Northwest where, we understand, men are men. He studied at the universities of Washington and Oregon, obtaining his B.S. in .oology. As an undergraduate he became a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon. At Temple, his good nature and capacity for gening on with people have been fully appreciated by the entire class. Brinson spends his summers vacationing—in complete relaxation after the arduous school year. For recreation he turns to various athletic activities— physical and esthetic. Rather than engaging in one particular specialty, Lane chooses to enter general practice. 26 King County Hospital, Seattle, Wash. 1943 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3AH rill R EDWARD BROWN. JR. Harrisburg, Pa. iS. A rmy NA I'lVE of ihe Pennsylvania state capital, Art went up to Cambridge 10 acquire a liberal education at Harvard University before coming to medical school. He received his .B. in mathematics. In med school his scholastic ability was recognized and acknowledged by election to the Babcoc k Surgical Society. In both junior and senior years lie was elected to the presidency of the class. One summer vacation was spent working in the laboratory of the Harrisburg Hospital. i'ennis is Brown's favorite diversion, although it is rumored his finesses always work and his Congo ranks with the bravest. Philadelphia General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULLT Y SAMUEL JACOB BUCHER Dallastown, Pa. SAM was born and raised in the white rose country of York. He went to the Midwest for his pre-medical training—attending Goshen College and graduating with an A.B. in biological science. Bucher spent vacations working at home on a small truck farm. His outside interests include tennis and music. Here at Temple we have found Sam a model student. Serious, diligent, soft-spoken, and gentlemanly, he may be counted upon to do his best at all times. He has always been an excellent example for the whole class. As a specialty preference Bucher lists internal medicine. 28 York Hospital, York. Pa. 1943 SKULL . 1943 SKULL • 1943BERNERD HUBERT BURBANK Berlin, N. H. U. S. A rmy rpHIS musical New Englander comes from the While Mountains of New J Hampshire. He attended Colby College where he was active in dramatics, a member of the college band and president of the Glee Club. Burbank was also enrolled in Chi Epsilon Mu. an honoran chemical society. Very appreciative of good music. Luthier is quite a musician himself, playing the piano or trumpet with equal ability. Benue has worked for the Brown Company as a lumber jack and in the research department. He has also been employed as a camp counselor and as a musician with hotel dance orchestras. His probable specialty preference is internal medicine. l lMIM.K UNIVERSITY HoSPITAI 29 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3CARROLL FOSTER BURGOON, JR. Harrisburg, Pa. Phi Chi U. S. Navy AV 7HEN Scotty, at Franklin and Marshall, decided 10 major in German, and so obtain his A.B. in a modern language, it was probably with the intention of demonstrating that it was not at all necessary for one to major in science courses in order to become a successful medical student (or a physician). To that we might add. QED! At F M he was a member of Phi Kappa Sigma and the Blue Key Society. Fast friends with Brown, it's always "two at a time.” Burgoon was elected a member of the Babcock Society at Temple. His private racket was that ever fascinating Saturday football pool. 30 Philadelphia General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3LA VERNE THOMPSON BURNS Detroit, Mich. U. S. Army PALL, spare, handsome LYTB of Detroit was educated at the University of Michigan, where he took part in intramural athletics and was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa and Michigan Union. Having acquired his Bachelor of Arts in science and mathematic he came east to Philadelphia and Temple. Here we have known Burns as the young man with laughter in his eyes, of quick and incisive wit. generous and understanding. One of his summers was spent in the most enviable position of medical attendant at a YWCA camp. He has also been employed as a truck driver, salesman, bookkeeper, and stock boy. For relaxation Burns indulges in golf and other sports. It is his intention to enter general practice. Temple University Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3CLAUDE HENRY BYERLY Sanford, N. C. U. S. Army A 1 WAKE FOREST, in Ins home state of North Carolina. Pepper took a B.S. an(| tWo years of prcclinical medicine before coining to Temple. He played basketball, was captain of the track team, and served as gym instructor. During his college days he participated in the activities of the Monogram Club, the Glee Club. Gamma Xu Iota, and Phi Chi. Byerly's vacations were spent far afield, surveying for the State Highway Department. For recreation, he turns to swimming or hunting. Pictures of this Southern gentleman with his good nature, drawl, and julep will long remain with us. 32 Rt x Hospital, Rai.fioh. X. C. 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL • 1943STUART NEWTON CAHOON Brookline. Pa. U. S. Army A NATIVE ol Pittsburgh, blit a resident of Philly. Stu took his pre-medical -f - work at Qberlin College, where his extracurricular activities included dramatics. musical comedy, and the presidency of the Regent House Group. Several summers were spent working in the New Haven General Hospital. He represents one-third of that merry trio: Burns. Chachkin, and Gaboon, which was responsible for much of the good humor in the class. Stu’s hobbies are dramatics and music, including musical composition. In September of 1942 he married Katherine Opdyke. He is particularly interested in obstetrics and gynecology. Wilmington Gi neral Hosimvai 33 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ROBERT DONALD CALLISON Union, Washington U. S. Navy TJ7HEN Don came out of the great Northwest to Philadelphia, he had acquired his Bachelor of Science in chemistry at the University of W ashington. At college he had become a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon Fraternity. On September 7. 1939. Callison married Marguerite Rolle. Athletic in appearance (appearances are not deceiving) he claims sports as his main diversion. He is particularly interested in skiing, although aviation also occupies a good share of his attention. It has been to our advantage to know Don. His Omar-Khayyam philosophy of life has made us wish we knew more. 34 King County Hospital. Si.aitle. Wash. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3HAROLD IIARDERN CASHMAN Morgantown, W. Va. Phi Chi U. .S'. A rmy IV 7 HITEV obtained an A.B. at West Virginia and took two years of medicine there before transferring to Temple. He came here with a B.S. in medicine and membership in Alpha Epsilon Delta and Tau Kappa Epsilon. Although he was not with us for four years, the class has grown to like and respect "the fair-haired boy." His summers were spent doing otld jobs. When he wasn't working he found relaxation in books. Internal medicine is his chosen field, with particular emphasis on phthisiology. Wilmington Gfnerai Hospitai 35 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3SAMUEL CHACHKIN Philadelphia, Pa. Phi Lambda Kappa U. S. Army QAM has been a most agreeable associate of our four years at Temple Med. Generous, helpful, overflowing with idealism, he has been ever ready with that infectious smile and a "Chachkin joke” to brighten the day. He received his A.B. from his revered Temple University where he was president of the Hammond Pre-medical Society and a member of the Pyramid Senior Honor Society. His summers were beautiful idylls spent on a farm absorbing sunlight and fresh air. Sam also found time to improve his golf game. After the war is won, Sam wishes to enter general practice. 36 Jkwish Hospital, Philadflpiiia. Pa. 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL • 1943ROBERT BRADY COCHR AN New Cumberland, W. Va, U. S. Xax y A MONG the most entertaining people we met at the beginning of our junior year was the lad from West Virginia. After taking his A.B. ancl two years of medicine at the state Inivcrsity where he played basketball and sang in the glee club, he came to Temple. Fhc talent and character in that stern physiognomy is not to be disguised even by the ever present chewing gum or feigned somnolence. After holding out till the middle of his first year here. Bob married Virginia Ruth Gcrwig—a miss from the Mountaineer state. We unhesitatingly forecast a brilliant future for him in his preferred specialty of obstetrics and gynecology. U. S. Naval Hospital 37 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3GRACE MARIE COMARATTA Buffalo, N. V. T)ETITE, smiling Gracie has added a touch ol color to the at-iimes-tedious ■ - routine of medical students, fhc girl from Buffalo has a sprightly personality which has brightened many a day. She received a B.S. in biolog) at Mary wood College where she sang with the Glee Club and participated in the activities of the Roger Bacon Chemical and the Pasteur Medical Societies. Vacations were spent working—in Atlantic City lot two summers and in the laboratory of a state hospital. At the moment Gracie has no particular medical specialty in mind. She will probably become a general practitioner. 38 Polyclinic Hospital, Harkisburg Pa. 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL 1943RODRIGO M. CORRADA-GUKRRERO Morovis. Puerto Rico Phi Alpha Sigma Ft ROM Morovis, on the island of Puerto Rico, came this suave, soft-spoken young man. with his B.S. in biology and chemistry from the University of Puerto Rico. As an undergraduate he was a member of Xu Sigma Beta and the Peripatus Biological Society. Most of his summers have been spent relaxing on the family sugar-cane plantation, but he has been employed as a Junior Engineering Aide by the War Department in San Juan. His dry, subtle humor, tinged with cynicism has made him a most engaging conversationalist; while his rhumba and dashing technique give us lesser mortals a mark to aim at. He regards neurolog) as a possible specialty preference. Fajardo Charita District, Fajardo, P. R. 39 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3LOUIS HOWARD CREIGHTON Spimwocxl, N. D. Phi Beta Pi U. S. Army LOU was born and raised in the Midwest. He attended North Dakota State 1 College and the Stale Teacher’s College before entering the University's medical school. As an undergraduate he had definite medical interests but this is doubted by many of his fraternity brothers. Summer vacations were spent working as postmaster, attending summer school, farming, and fishing. His hobbies he lists as: "Outdoor sports, hunting, fishing, swimming, and. reservedly, nurses.” Creighton prefers surgery or obstetrics as a specialty. When the war is over he intends to practice in Idaho. 40 Wilmington General Hospital 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL • 1943KENNETH ARTHUR DANFORD Mahnomen. Minn. Phi Beta Pi U. S. Xavy T EN must have heard the “Flight of the Bumble Bee" at a ver earl age “ because he has been buzzing around to that almost impossible tempo for a long time now. He has attended the I'niversitics of Minnesota. North Dakota and Oregon. After taking two years ai North Dakota Medical School, he came to Philadelphia to finish up. His summer hours are passed in fishing, traveling and working at various jobs. As a diversion, he spent some time in learning the lumber business, so he married Marian Schmerbeck—a nurse from Altoona, Pa. in June 1942. Ken is interested in outdoor sports—hunting and fishing in particular. He will probably enter general practice. Asblrv Hospital. Minneapolis. Minn. 4» 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3THURMAN BERT DANNENBERG Heber City, Utah Phi Chi U. S. A rmy nPHURM, that tall, good-looking chap from the Rocky Mountain country, attended the Universities of California and Utah. He came to Philadelphia and Temple with a B.S. degree. Vacations were spent in working in his father’s hospital in Heber City. Utah; or in traveling, fishing or camping. Like all Westerners, Dannenberg is fond of the great outdoors and his favorite pastimes are fishing, hunting or hiking. Danny was married in 1938 to Bernice Walker. He intends to take up surgery as a specialty, thus following in his father’s footsteps. 42 San Francisco Hospital. Stanford Service 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JAY HOWARD DAVIDSON Philadelphia, Pa. Piii Delta Epsilon f. S. Army NATIVE son of Bill Penn’s enterprise, Jay attended the undergraduate school where he became a member of the swimming team. He was granted a Bachelor of Arts degree. Summers were occupied with work as a waiter, as a lifeguard and as a swimming counselor at a summer camp. [ay’s favorite recreations are musical in nature; playing the violin, banjo or guitar. His dose friendship with Bill Robbins is proverbial. For years they have been one in thought, until Jay up and married Claire Silverman in September, 19.12. Jewish Hospital. Philadelphia ‘13 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JAMES ROLAND DEGGE. JR. Evercii. Washington Phi Chi U. S. Navy JIM comes from the land of glaciers and lumberjacks. He went to college in his home state, obtaining a B.S. in chemistry from the University of Washington. As an undergraduate he was manager of the varsity track team. Summers were spent working in ‘ vacation-land ": Mt. Ranier and Glacier National Parks. He apparently selects his environment when he works. For diversion Jim turns to sports, all kinds and all shapes. Tall and distinguished looking, Degge has that certain professional air. Internal medicine is his probable specialty preference. 44 Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, Mb. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3MILES FREDERICK DILLS Strattariville, Pa. Phi Alpha Sigma U. S. Army 4 1 Maryville College in Tennessee Fred was the holder of several student a$-sistantships beside being active in intramural sports, dramatics and playing an occasional round of golf. He received an A.B. in biology cum laude. At college he was also a member of the Alpha Sigma Society. On coming to medical school he joined Phi Alpha Sigma and was eventually elected primarius. Here we have come to know him for his all night work at the “desk." his struggles against Morpheus during lectures and his amazing stock of stories. Summers were spent working and traveling far and wide. Dills intends to specialize in orthopedics. St. Vincent's Hospital, Erie, Pa. •15 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3PRESTON MARKHAM DUNNING, JR. Elmhurst, N. V. U. S. Army ANEW YORKER by choice rather than by birth (coining originally from Plainfield, N. J.), Pres attended Columbia College, along the upper reaches of the Great White Way. As an undergrad, he participated in the activities of the Riding and the Bowling clubs. His vacations were filled with employment: camp work for one year, and office work in the big city for five years. Dunning’s hobby is music, with particular reference to the playing of the piano and the organ. COKEMAUGH VALLEY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL. JOHNSTOWN, Pa. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JULIA BRANDT EDWARDS Mount Jov, Pa. A T the Pennsylvania Stale College where she majored in chemistry and zoology, Julie catered to her musical inclinations by becoming a member of the Louise Homer Music Organization, by singing with the college choir and the Round I able Choir for lour years. She was elected secretary of the Pre-medical Society, and was a sister in Gamma Phi Beta. Here at Lem pie we have come to know her for her friendly charm, her “drawling" questions, and her insatiable curiosity and occasional “wicle-eyed" wonder. Her summers are spent in traveling and in otherwise enjoying herself. She married Lt. George W. Edwards. U.S.A.M.C. on August 1, 1942. Oranoi Glniral Hospn u . Orlando, Fi.a. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3HAROLD HOFFMAN ENGLE Marieua. Pa. T EFORE entering Medical School. Harold was educated at the Messiah Bible College and at Greenville College. As an undergraduate, he was a member of the Debate Squad, and the A capella and Male Choruses. He majored in Zoology and Chemistry and was graduated with an A.B. degree. At Temple, Engle was one of the most agreeably dispOsitioned persons we have ever known. Harold spent his summers working—for an ice cream company and for the Veterans’ Administration Facility in Coatesville. He enjoys music, swimming and hiking. Engle intends to specialize in Internal Medicine. 48 Lanrenau Hospital, Philadelphia 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3O F KENNETH RALPH FICKES Altoona, l a. U. .S'. Navy 1 EN. from Altoona, Pa., received his pre-medical education at Juniata College. where he played varsity basketball lor four years and was a member of the Chemistry (dub. It was in chemistry and biology that Ken was awarded his B.S. Vacations were spent in a variety of ways, which inc luded working as a drugstore clerk, as an employee of the Pennsylvania Railroad and as a swimming instructor. Ken is of the cpiieter sort, not one of those who would win recognition by the blaring of trumpets and the rolling of drums. He is willing to let the results speak for themselves; and having observed some of the results, we think he is quite justified. Polyclinic: Hospital. Harrisburg, Pa. 49 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3HADWIN KEITII FISCHER Gettysburg, Pa. Phi Chi V. S. Xavy YVy R1TKR, musician, atlilete, student, Keith spent four active years at Gettys-" burg, participating in football, basketball, dramatics and journalism, and incidentally—collecting his A.B. in chemistry. And we've all heard the way he plays the piano! Until the summer of 1939 his vacations were spent as a Red Cross Life Saving Instructor at summer camps. Then he worked as an orderly in the Germantown Hospital. Finally he was employed as a gasoline and lubrication sales expert by the Atlantic Refining Co. Between tennis and rumba parties in Germantown and “bridge” in the cafeteria, he found time to be Editor-in Chief of the 1943 Skull. Keith intends to enter general practice. 5° Williamsport Hospital, Williamsport, Pa. 1943 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3SAMUEL HESS FISHER Merchamville, N- J r. S. Army QAM, the big. jovial gentleman from Merchaniville, J., was born in Phila- dclphia. And it was to this city that he came for his pre-medical work, matriculating at the Temple University College of Liberal Arts. He came to the graduate school with an A.B. and a personality winning enough to make him a popular member of any class. One of his interesting characteristics is his nimble repartee in quiz sessions. S. H. has spent his summers working: for the P.R.R. as freight trucker (not concerned with dancing), for the Phila. Dairy Products Co., Campbell's Soup and the Atlantic Refining Co. His outside interests include photography, woodworking, and fishing. In June iq.ja he married Peggy K. Mesclucr. Tempi.k University Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JOSEPH EDWIN GABLE Estcrly, Pa. Phi Alpha Sigma U. S. Army JOE. otherwise known as "Clark." came down from the hills of Reading and Albright College to Temple and Phi Alpha Sigma. He gained quite a reputation as a prankster when, standing in an open car (Kriebel’s), he preceded Wendell Wilkie down Broad Street, nodding right and left to the adoring throngs. Gable's hobbies include music, tennis, and traveling. In his undergraduate days he was a member of the Albright Glee Club, Band and Orchestra. He also participated in the activities of the SKULL and the Alchemists Societies. During the summers, among other things, he has been an optician and a florist. Upon being discharged from the army, he prefers to engage in internal medicine. On September 5. 19.12, he married Dorothy K. Wagner and missed I)r. Moore’s lecture for the day. 52 Reading Hospital, Reading, Pa. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3WILLIAM JOHN GARVIN N‘ »'ih Yonkers, N. Y. Phi Chi U. S. Army I"J was at Columbia I'Diversity that Bill obtained his A.B. Was it not there too, that he held a 'scholarship, ran the quarter for the track team and sang tenor lot the Glee Club? But this wasn't all. for his interests extended to membership on the Senior Society of Sat Items, the Spiked Shoe Society, the Varsity C Club and Delta Phi. t Medical School he is an athletic member of the Babcock Surgical Society. In his “spare time" he occupies himself with reading, drawing, music and sports. He is Art Editor of the 1943 SKILL. Bill is partieiilari interested in surgerv as a specialty. St. John's Riverside Hospital. Yonkers, X. Y. 53 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3ROBERT DALE GILLIAM Collingdale, Pa. V. S. :nvy T) IG Bob, a native of Philadelphia, attended Princeton University and while there won varsity letters in basketball and lacrosse before coming to Temple. At college he was also manager of the Key and Seal Club. He graduated with departmental honors in biology. Chas. Atlas’ local exponent spent his vacations as a life guard on the beach at Wildwood, New Jersey. Energetic and industrious, the popular Gil always had a multitude of good friends attracted by his imaginative wit and sincere good-fellowship. He is as yet undecided concerning a specialty preference. His hobby is medicine. 54 U. S. Naval Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ABRAIIAM GtNSBlJRG Philadelphia. Pa. Phi Lambda K ppa U. S. Army O I UDEN I . philosopher, artist, uncompromising opponent of ultra-conserva-iism Abe is all these and heaven 100. Crossing swords with Gimburg in argument. whether the subject be physical or metaphysical, is always a stimulating exercise. lie attended La Salle College here in the city and rose to the editorship of the La Salle Pre-Medico. His Bachelor of Arts was obtained in science. His vacations are passed, he says, in just resting. Actually for relaxation he turns to creative art: sculpturing and painting in oils. He is on the Art staff of the SKULL. His specialty preference in medicine is psychiatry. Jewish Hospital. Philadelphia 55 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ROY KEENE GODDARD. JR. Skiatook, Okh. Phi Chi U. S. Xavy T OV hails from (he oil-rich, former Indian Territory, bin lw cast off his high-heeled boots and ten gallon hat and ucm to school at Centre College in Kentucky, majoring in biology and obtaining an A H. in that subject. It was at Cornell that he began his medical education, but alter a year there, he came to Temple and Philadelphia to finish up. Goddard doesn't work during the summers, believing that vacations are for vacationing, and we can’t say we disagree with him. For recreation, Roy engages in various outdoor sports—too numerous and bizarre to mention. 5 U. S. Naval Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3s c o O F v MAURICE GOLDBERG Wilmington. Del. I’m Lambda Kappa U. S. Army Ft ROM the capital of ihe Du Pom empire. Wilmington. Mauri sought his higher learning at the Temple undergrad school. His extra curricular activities included membership in the Hammond Pre-Medical and the Pyramid Honor Societies. In medical school. Goldberg continued an excellent scholastic record. Mauri’s summer activities oscillated between the most repugnant and the most pleasurable of all states: working and loafing, respectively. His hobby is photography. Ever conscious of the humorous anti the ridiculous in life his sage observations have left us few dull moments. Dei ware Hospital. Wilmington. Del. 57 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3MARK PAUL GRAEBER Aberdeen, S. D. U. S. Army 1YyTARK is a Midwesterner who attended the Universities of Minnesota and South Dakota before being graduated with an A.B. At college he played basketball. He took two years of pre-clinical medicine at South Dakota, then transferred here. Playing tennis and sleeping are his main interests during the summer vacations. One can't say those South Dakotans don’t know how to relax after a hard year! Among his hobbies, his favorite is drawing. Mark has been a serious, conscientious worker among us . . . the kind who believes in getting things done. After the present crisis when we return to normal living. Graeber wants to be an obstetrician. 58 Kansas City General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3CONSTANCE LOOMIS GRANT New Britain, Conn. ("i ON NIK. a Connecticut Yankee, went to Cornell University for her pre-■ medical training. At Ithaca, "far above Cayuga’s waters,” her outside interests included activity in Sigma Kappa Sorority and the secretaryship of Aesculapius, the Women's Pre-Medical Society. She was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in the pre-medical sciences. Vacations were spent (in part) working in her Dad's Radiology laboratory. Horticulture is her favorite diversion and we know that her garden must be a thing of beauty and interest. Connie's inclinations in the way of a medical specialty tend toward either radiology or pediatrics. Springfield Hospital, Springfield, Mass. 59 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3MILTON MONHOE GROVEK, JR. Wingdale, N. Y. Pm Cm U. S. . rovy A NATIVE of New York City but now residing fan her upstate. Mill went to Princeton for his pre-medical work. There he became a member of Dial Lodge and engaged in intramural sports of various kinds. He was awarded his ArtiUm Baccalaurcus in Biology. His summers have been spent working as a laboratory technician, but sports in general constitute his favorite amusements. By nature, it would seem that Grover were born in the Southland instead of in the Empire City. Leisurely, good-natured, nonchalant, he extends himself only when necessary, but then he leaves nothing to be desired. Milt's specialty preference in medicine is obstetrics. 60 Jersey City Medical Center 1 9 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ROBERT BURKE HAMILTON Fainiioum. W. Va. U. S. Army FT AM" spoili his undergraduate clays at the University of West Virginia where he was a member of the band, glee club and two fraternities. After receiving his A.B. lie remained at the same university for his first two years of medical training, adding a B.S. degree to his achievements while there. I lie past four years have found Hamilton employed by the Butler Hospital of Providence; the Domestic Coke Co. of Fairmount. W. Va., and the State Road Commission. Busy as he was. however, he still found time to enjoy athletics in all forms. Hamilton's unbridled wit is hidden in various parts of the SKI LL. Bob is uncertain as to whether he will specialize in Surgery or in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Wit MI NOTON GfNKRAL HOSPITAL 61 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3BEN NICOL HAMMERS Sraithton, Pa. U. S. Navy TNDERGRADUATE life ai Muskingum College was far from dull for Ben. An all-around athlete, he played baseball, football, basketball and various intramural sports. He was on the Social Committee and a member of both the Stag and the "M” Clubs. And when he was through, he brought his B.S. in chemistry and biolog)' to Temple Med. Here in recognition of his scholastic ability he was elected to the Babcock Surgical Society. During vacations Ben worked in a coal mine; evenings and holidays were spent in “the various forms of relaxation.” For recreation he indulges in sports of all kinds. Hammers intends to enter general practice. 62 Pittsburgh Medical Center 1 9 4 3 SKULL 1 9 4 SKULL 19 4 3WILLIAM FRANCIS HANISEK Ma leton. I’a. Phi Rico Sigma U. S. Army BILL is a native of the Keystone State who received his higher education and B.S. degree at Penn State College. As an undergraduate he was a member ol Theta Kappa Phi Fraternity. Here at Temple. Bill’s populariiy was attested to by the fact that in his Sophomore year he was elected President of the class. He was also granted membership to the Babcock Surgical Society. Summers were spent working at a hotel in Maine. His pet diversions are hunting, fishing and photograph)'. Bill is a hard worker and is a member of the SKI LL business staff. A BING ton Memorial Hospital r 3 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3HARRISON FRANKLIN HARBACH Gettysburg, Pa. U. S. Army SKIP, a native of Gettysburg, went to Gettysburg College for Bachelor of Arts in Chemistry. The fraternities of Sigma Alpha Epsilon and Scabbard and Blade enrolled him as one of their members. On coming to Temple his congenial personality soon won him a host of friends. Clever, likeable, fun-poking episodes in which Skip was involved provided a source of never-ending good humor for the class. His particularly close associate in Med School has been John Trimmer. Harbach spent his vacations on duty at various army camps or driving a truck in the eastern U. S. He intends to enter general practice. 64 G ERMANTOWN HOSPITAL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3SAMUEL MILTON HAZLETT Tarenium, Pa. U. S. Army PRODUC I of Allegheny College, the- scholarly yet jovial Sam as an under-- • graduate engaged in numerous activities, including the Playshop, the Glee Club, the Biology Chd , the Men’s Interfraternity Council and cheerleading. He was enrolled among the members ol Delta I an Delta and Pi Beta Pi. English and biology were his major subjec ts. At Temple, he achieved the distinction of being elected to the Babcock Surgical Society. Sam spent his summers working at Chautauqua, N. Y.- with the Publicity Dept, for three years and with the Health Dept, for a similar length of time. In June t )ji he married Ethel Jane Snebold. R.N., Temple University. 1939. Wkstfrn Piwa. Hospital. Pittsburgh. Pa. 65 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ROBERT ARTHUR HEEBNER Philadelphia. Pa. u. .S'. Navy TT EEB got his B.S. at the undergraduate school where he was on the swimming team and a member of the orchestra. A scientific skeptic. Bob was one of the question-askers—one of the "doubtful Thomases” Dr. Roesler talks about. Always a hustler, he found enough time during vacations to work in shipyards, mountain resorts, summer camps, finance companies, engineering companies. hospitals, etc. He plans to enter the United States Navy for the duration. And when it's all over he wants to specialize in obstetrics and gynecology. 66 Temple University Hospital 1 9 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3WALLACE EARL HESS Farmington, Utah Phi Chi U. S. Navy A MODEL outdoorsman. Wall} is all we expected a true Westerner to be. After receiving an A.B. in anatomy ai I'tab, he took two years of pre-clinical training in the medical school there. He became a member of Phi Chi and the A. M. S. before coming to Philadelphia. His hobbies include all types of athletics. Vacations were spent working: as a gardener, a truck driver or a roller-coaster operator. Wally blushing!) admits he was late at his own wedding. January, 19.12, to Marjorie Muir. Daughter Suzanne is his private pediatric pride and joy. Hess would like to obtain a residency in surgery. L. D. S. l-Iospn t.. Sm.t Lake City. I 'tah 67 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3ROBERT HUGGINS HIGH Philadelphia. Pa. U. S'. Army ONE of ihe “from row men" in more ways than one. Bob has a personal, sentimental attachment to our hospital, having been born here when it was still the Samaritan. He came here from the undergraduate school where he was a member of the Hammond and Pyramid societies, then went right on achieving distinctions by becoming a member of the Babcock Society. His popularity among his colleagues is evidenced by the fact that he has been elected class treasurer as long as we can remember. Bob has spent his vacations working—for Philco, Abbott. Sharp : Dohme, etc. But for recreation he turns to gardening and chemistry. 68 University of Pennsylvania Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3FRANK BURNARDE HILL Waynesbui-gt Pa. I'. S. A mix T) ERNIE went to school at Waynesburg College in his home town and re- ceived a B.S. there, although he took a year at the Temple undergraduate school before entering medicine. Summers are spent working in his lather's electrical appliance store. Hill has also played in a dance orchestra for a number of years. His vcrsatilitN is reflected in the variety of his outside interests: dancing, semi-classical music, physics and science in general. Frank has never been a boisterous companion but we have appreciated his quiet courtesy and friendly manner. As to his specialty preference in medicine, he chooses either obstetrics or surgery. A Bing ton Memorial Hospital 69 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ROBERT THOMAS HUBBARD Spray, N. C. U. S. Army TT UBBARI) is a Southerner who attended North Carolina State and Wake -1- - Forest for his pre-medical education. It was from the latter college that he was graduated with a B.S. Half of his preparation for medicine has been spent at Wake Forest Medical School, entering Temple at the beginning of his Junior Year. Hubbard is the somewhat reserved type of individual, but his tall, dark arid handsome appearance reflect a toxic combination which acts like the sympathetics on the unstable female heart. He intends to enter general practice. 7° City Memorial Hospital, Chari oite, X. C. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3PAUL LUTHER JOHNSON Taylor. N. 1). U. S. Army XT' ROM a ranch in North Dakota, Johnm attended St. Olaf College and tlie University of North Dakota for his pre-medical education. At college he played intramural football, basketball; engaged in boxing and swimming and sang with the Glee Club. For two years he studied medicine at North Dakota before entering Temple. Paul’s vacations are interestingly spent on his father's ranch: "Here I keep house to my delight; catch up on my sleep lost in the past and to be lost in the future. I arise when it people are going to bed; go to bed when it gets dark; Slitdv Indian lore and search for relics." St. Joseph’s Hospitai . Pint adelphia i 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL o 1943JAMES BRADY KINLAW Elizabethtown. N. C. U. S. A rfny rPHIS gentleman from the South is a native and a resident of North Carolina. A It was not illogical therefore for him to choose Wake Forest College when he entered upon higher education. He was graduated with a B.S. in general science. Jeep came to Temple after two pre-clinical years at Wake Forest Medical. Summers were spent in various employments, including work as a clerk in a furniture store and measuring farm land. He has no particular specially preference in medicine and will probably enter general practice. 72 Rex Hospital, Raleigh, N. C. 1943 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JOHN KUNKEI, KITZM1LLER Harrisburg. Pa. U. S. A rmy npHE studious, retiring Kit comes from Harrisburg, Pa. It was at Lebanon Valley College that he took his pre-medical work which led to the degree of Bachelor of Science in biology and chemistry. At Temple, although he remained very reserved, his scholastic ability was acknowledged when he was elected to the Babcock Surgical Society. During vacations John has worked in his father’s drug store or at the Hershe Amusement Park. As a form of relaxation, he is particular!) interested in raising tropical fish. Kiumillcr is a modest, thorough, precise young man who appears certain to reach almost any goal he desires. Harrisihrg General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3ENOCH GEORGE KLIMAS Philadelphia Phi Chi V. S. Army r T T. S in our own Temple University Hospital that Enoch got his start in life and from this early acquaintance a fond attachment developed. He attended the University of Pennsylvania for his undergraduate work and at college was inducted into Delta Chi Fraternity. Upon graduation he was awarded an A.B. in zoology. On June 17, 1939. Enoch married Evelyn Adams. His summers are spent relaxing at the seashore, where the sun, sea and sand provide a recuperative environment after a year of medicine and tedious post-class discussions. Tennis is the sport in which Klimas is particularly interested. He will probably enter general practice. 74 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3NATHAN SOLOMON KOLINSKY Philadelphia. I’a. Phi Lambda Kappa V. .S'. Army rpKMPLE University was the site of Nat's undergraduate work. Down at ' Broad and Montgomery he joined the Hammond Pre-Medical Society arid made a considerably bettcr-than-average scholastic record for himself. He received his B.S. in pre-medical sciences alter his first year in medical school. During vacations he has demonstrated his adaptability by working successfully at more than twenty miscellaneous jobs (not simultaneously). Golf and tennis are the athletic activities which claim the major part of his outside interest. Kolinsky married Claire Salonic in September. 1912. He has decided to limit his professional activity to the field of internal medicine. Jewish Hospital. Philadelphia 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3VICTOR KREMENS Chicago, ill. Pm Delta Epsilon V. S. A rmy VTIC was introduced to out class by Dr. Kolmer between sentences while blessing sulfanilamide and neo-prontosil. His home is now in the midwest town that poets have written about, and in his educational travels he stopped at Penn State for four short years where his social life revolved about Sigma Tau Phi and the honorary fraternities of Phi Eta Sigma and Alpha Epsilon Delta. He graduated with a B.S. degree in the pre-medical course. During the summer vacations Vic advanced in popularity from waiter to camp counselor to life guard. He still retains the muscular physique that goes with the latter occupation. At Temple he won membership in the Babcock Surgical Society and we find some of his original ideas incorporated in this issue of the Skull. 76 Michael Reese Hospital. Chicago, III. 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3DOROTHY ELY KRIEBEL Bethlehem. Pa. AS DOTT1E and “Soo y.” her ever-complaining Ford, arrived together at I'emple Med alter years of limping north, east, south and west over the continent, a beautiful friendship entered a new phase of existence. While “Soozy” stayed respectfully on the side-lines, her master began the study of medicine and became secretary ol her Freshman and Sophomore classes. Later she continued her work as a member of the Ski’i.i literary staff. In the summer beside her travels. Dottic turned to athletics—especially swimming and life-guard work for relaxation. Dot.tie admits to no special secret ambitions but we think she would like to be a pediatrician. Reading Hospi i m . Reading, Pa. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULLMATTHEW EMIL KUBER Philadelphia, Pa. U. .S’. Navy T IGf good-natured Matty is one of the most popular men in the class. An ex football star from Villanova (where he also played freshman basketball), his scholastic standing is impressive enough to win the respect of all his classmates, if his size doesn't. As an undergraduate, he was on the Mendel Bulletin Staff and a member of the "V” club. His Bachelor of Science degree was obtained in biology. At Temple, Kuber was elected Vice-President l the (lass in the Junior and Senior years and held down a position as Miss Guldin’s right hand man for four years. During the summer he has been employed in a shipyard as a pipefitter. After the expiration of his commission in the Navy. Matty hopes to practice surgery as a specialty. 78 U. S. Naval Hospitai 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3CLARENCE LONG LEHMAN Palmyra, Pa. Pm Rho Sigma U. S. Army F) EFORE coming 10 Temple Clarence received his B.S. in biology and chcmisti U at Lebanon Valley. At college he satisfied his journalistic inclinations by work on the school paper and the year book. His interests also included dramatics and student government. i Temple he was appointed to membership in the Babcock Surgical Society. He is associate editor of the Skia i.. His work at Hershey Park during the summers seems to have entailed an endless variety of duties. Lehman's hobbies include coin collecting and photography. He married Helen E. Spancake in June, 1941. His principal interest in medicine is in the field of cardiology. Harrisburg Gknf.rai Hospital, Harrisburg, Pa. 79 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3LEO LEVITOV JerseY Cit - N- J- U. S. Army 1’EVITOV is the young man who used to attend classes with that so character- istic air of case and nonchalance, but who always knew all the answers when they were required. We used to watch hint wear himself out tapping cigarettes. a tired expression on his face—then look up with the solution to the knotty problem of the moment. From ilie domain of Frank Hague, Leo came to Phil I) to enter Temple Undergraduate school and become a member of the Hammond Pre-Medical Society. During the summer of ‘. i he worked in pathology at J. C. Medical Center. Leo is feature Editor of the Skull. His favorite outside interests include numismatism and writing. 80 Wilmington General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JOSEPH GIBSON LOCKHART Philadelphia r. S. Army M Lockhart of State. Who are you?”—was ihc greeting we got from Joe the first day of school. Since that moment he has been quite conspicuous in lass activities. His broad smile and genial words have brightened many a tedious hour. Joe was awarded his B.S. in pre-medical work at Penn State. His summers were spent working as ice-man. insurance agent and brewery bottler. When he has time for it. he finds relaxation in exploring the anatomy of decrepit Fords. Joe intends to do his bit in one ol the services after his internship. His interests professionally are divided between cardiology and surgery. PHlt.ADKI I’U IA C.FM R At HOSPITAL 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULLEDWARD RAMON LUCENTE Philadelphia U. S. Army HP HE excellence of Ed's singing is matched only by the bizarre brilliance of his sport coats—the combination giving us an unforgettable picture. Ed received his B.S. in biology at Villanova, where he was co-editor of the Mendel Bulletin and. naturally enough, a member of both the Glee Club and the Dramatic Society. During vacations, Ed has helped build the radio lower for YVIBG, worked in Schulte’s cigar stores, and generally enjoyed himself playing tennis, swimming and attending concerts. Ed hopes to enter the field of obstetrics or surgery. We hope he keeps singing —his voice is really good medicine. 82 Temple University Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JOSEPH FORD MABEY Mala l cit ' Idaho Phi Beta Pi U. S. Army JOE, son of a prominent surgeon, came out of the wide open West, and the University of Utah. Hard work, conscientiousness and sincerity placed him in the illustrious ranks of the Babcock Surgical Society. He also belongs to the Phi Beta Pi Fraternity and was its President his Senior year. Joe is quiet and unassuming: a believer in results rather than ballyhoo, lie spends his summers driving trucks or tractors, or hunting, or just plain “relaxing." Mabey intends to return to the Rocky Mountain territory to make a name for himself in either internal medicine or surgery. Graduate Hospital, Philadelphia 83 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3NORMAN DUNCAN MACKENZIE Philadelphia rpO SAY that Mac has traveled to obtain his schooling would be understating the case, and in his peregrinations he has obtained a well-rounded education. His undergraduate work was taken at Bucknell. Drexel. Penn and Temple. At college Norm was captain of the track team, played basketball, ran cross-country and was assistant manager of the football team. In addition he was a member of an honorary chemical society, the senior honor society and Phi Kappa Psi fraternity. Mackenzie received a B.S. in chemical engineering from Bucknell. He is particularly interested in photography and music as outside interest. The photography in the Skuli. is an evidence of his ability in that field. 84 Temple University Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3BRUCE MACKLER Collingswood, N. J. Pm Delta Epsilon U. S. Army Tl f AC attended the Massachusetts Instiutte of 'rechnology, ihe University of -’J Pennsylvania and Temple before coming to medical school. Here he achieved the distinction of election to the Babcock Surgical Society. Vacations arc spent in traveling and in enjoying camping and fishing trips. Such trips, plus sports of all kinds and reading make up his favorite forms of recreation. The youthful Bruce has been an interesting study to his many friends. Out wardh somewhat cynical and materialistic, there is more than a suspicion that underneath he is just an old sol tie. In our lour years at Temple we have come to know Mackler as a good student, a good sport and a good friend. Temple University Hospital 85 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3MORTON MARKS M Philadelphia, Pa. Phi Delta Epsilon U. .S'. Army ORT first opened his eyes in Vineland, N. J. When his family migtated to Philadelphia, he closed them again and has been squinting through narrower orifices ever since. At Temple University, where he took his pre-medical work, he was research assistant in chemistry, yet found time to add his wavering but passable tenor to the conglomerate efforts of the Temple Glee Club. He is fond of walking and reading, but il the mood seizes him. he is apt to let his superior palpebral folds out another notch and go to sleep. Marks intends to specialize in neurology and neurosurgery. 86 Temple University Hospital 1943 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3GEORGE POWERS MATTHEWS Rose Mill, N. C. Phi Chi V. .S'. Army MATT spent six years at Wake Forest before crossing the Mason-Dixon line to finish his schooling. As an undergraduate he joined Gamma Nu Tota Pre-Medical Societ . He was graduated with a Bachelor ol Science degree. For two years more he attended Wake Forest College School ol Medicine. When he finally left the land ol cotton and tobacco lie decided to complete his formal education in medicine at Temple. Ho enjoys his vacations on a farm in his native North Carolina. Hunting, fishing and baseball are his pet diversions. Matthews will probabh enter general practice. Grady Hospital, Atlanta, Ga. 87 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3GERALD MATTHEW McDONNEL Salt Lake City, Utah U. S. A rmy XT'ROM the diy of Great Salt Lake, Jerry is another Westerner who tame to I'emple and made good in more ways than one (see below). This tall good-looking chap graduated from the University of Utah with his Bachelor of Arts. As an undergraduate he was a member of Scabbard and Blade. Jerry remained for two years of pre linical medicine before coming to I'emple. Summers were spent resting and working at a resort near home. In September, 1.941, Jerry and Dorothy E. Cowley were married. Now Mac has tabled his favorite musical records to take care of Anne Cowley McDonnel who arrived in November of '42. Mac has not yet selected a medical preference. 8S Temple University Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3EDWARD RIGGS McKAY Sail Lake City, Utah Phi Cm U. Xavy El) IS one of ilie “I talians" who tame East for his last two years of medical education. His pre-medical work was taken at the University of Utah, where he was an active member of Pi Kappa Alpha and Delta Phi. He continued at the same institution for his pre-clinical medicine. Summer vacations were spent working at Old Faithful Lodge in Yellowstone Park. Mac is a member of the Ski u business stall. In June. 19-|2. Ed married Lottie Lund. We have come to know and appreciate McKa as a congenial and entertaining colleague. Femi’LE University Hosimtal 89 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3MANSON MEADS Berkeley, Calif. Pm Cm U. S. Army A UR talented gentleman from the west came to Temple from the University of California at Berkeley, where he was on the track and golf teams and earned his A.B. in zoology. At college he belonged to Alpha Delta Phi. Here he has distinguished himself by his ability and interest in medicine. Manse is President of Phi Chi and has been a three-year member of the Babcock Surgical Society. His summers have been spent as a counselor at a boy's camp in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. When the present emergency is over. Manson would like to establish a clinic in California. 90 University of California Hospital 1943 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ALLEN COOK MILLER New Oxford, Pa. U. S. Army IT'ROM New Oxford. Pa., Ace went to Gettysburg College for his pre-medical - • education. As an undergraduate, lie played soccer and participated in the activities of Phi Kappa Psi. He entered 1'cmple Med School with an A.B. in chemistry and the kind of personality that wins friends by the dozen. Those stories of how the Ace stopped the floor show to do his tango arc just tame so we hear. Miller is a niembet of the Skim business staff. During the summer vacation of 1940. Miller was employed in a hotel in Maine; the following year he worked for the Atlantic Refining Co. as lubrication and gasoline sales expert. His hobbies include stamp collecting, athletics and bridge. Williamsport Hospital 91 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3JAMES DANIEL MOATZ Allentown. Pa. U. S. Xavy JIM is the foot-man of the class; that is to say. he has a flourishing practice in chiropody. He attended Muhlenberg College and Temple University, including the School of Chiropody before coming to Medical School. In his college days he was secretary of Pi Epsilon Delta and a member of the Stirling Anatomical Society and the Blue Key Fraternity. Since 1936 Moat , has had an active practice in surgical chiropody, and for several years he has been prominent in the affairs of the National Association of Chiropodists. Jim finds relaxation in outboard motor-boating, golf, horses and early American antiques. His specialty preference is orthopedic surgery. 92 Temple UsiviRsm Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3MATTHEW EDWARD MORROW, JR. Jacksonville, Fla. Phi Chi U. S. Army CONGENIAL, likeable, respected. "Ederd" upholds the reputation for affabil- ity for the folks of the old South. Ed lives in Jacksonville. Florida; went to school in North Carolina: Davidson College. Here he won membership to Phi beta Kappa, became President of Beta I beta Pi and was active in Alpha Epsilon Delta, honorary pre-medical society. As an undergraduate. Ed engaged in a variety of strenuous athletic activities. Vacations were largely spent, as he puts it. "as a beach lizard." At Temple, lie was elected President ol our Freshman Class. Ed was also a member of class dance committees, of Phi Chi and is the Literary Editor of the Skim.. Internal medicine is the specially in whic h he is most interested. Tempi.e University Hospital 93 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 1 9 4 2FREDERICK MURTAGH. JR. Philadelphia. Pa. Phi Chi U. S. Navy TJ1 REDEKICK MURTAGH, JR., came 10 mod school by way of the University of Pennsylvania and Muhlenburg where he studied pre-medical subjects between hours of rowing and boxing. The time was well spent, however, for soon after arriving at Broad and Ontario Streets he collected membership in the Babcock Surgical Society and secretaryship to the Phi Chi fraternity. In the summers Freddy has had experience as yachtsman, fisherman and sailor at Ocean City and as professional oil man for Atlantic Refining Co. in Philadelphia. After completing med school work and junior internship at Joseph Price Hospital, Freddy goes on to senior internship and a practice of surgery or neurology. 94 U. S. Naval Hospital 1943 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3J. MEYER 1WUUS Grand Forks, N. I). Pm Beta Pi U. S. Army WJiyf OOSK" looked up from a pile of ledgers, financial sheets, and sto k records. J' - - In reirospeci he looked back on those years at Universities of North Dakota and Oregon where he had learned science, commerce and accounting. He thought of his brother practicing medicine in Crank Forks. Then the bug hit him. Back to North Dakota he went for his pre-clinical work, then on to Temple. Meyer enjoys golf, bowling and bridge as his chief diversions. In the summer of ’42 he married Lillian W'iedenhoeft. a nurse from Wisconsin. Mitus will enter general practice with his brother. Henry Ford Hospital. Detroit, Mich. 95 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3J. ERLING NORD Detroit Lakes. Minn. Phi Beta Pi U. S. Army ALTHOUGH he has been with us for only two years, we have all come to appreciate Erling’s serious and mature opinions. He attended St. Olaf College and North Dakota State, obtaining a B.S. in Pharmacy as well as a B.S. in medicine. He took his pre clinical training at the University of North Dakota, coming to Temple at the beginning of his Junior year. During vacations. Erling fills prescriptions in his home town. Detroit Lakes. He is very fond of hunting and is quite proficient at the sport. His other interests include woodworking and baseball. General practice appeals to Filing; his sincere, hard work should insure success. 96 St. Barnabas Hospital, Minneapoi is, Minn. 1943 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JAMES SPRUILL NOWELL Franklinton, N. C. Phi Rho Sigma U. S. Army JIM comes from Franklinton, North Carolina, not fat from Wake Forest where he went to school. At college he received a 15.S.—having majored in science and minored in mathematics. He then stayed on at Wake Forest to take two years of pie-clinical medicine before coming North to Temple. Jim probabh represents the class’ nearest approach to the “pure scientist”: quiet, reserved, hard-working, intelligent, and wasting no time on unprofitable extra-curricular Activities. His special hobby is mathematics. Nowell wishes to specialize in internal medicine. Atlantic City Hospital 97 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3PAUL DAVID OCHENRIDER Aristes. Pa. U. S. Army CHEY attended Susquehanna University where he demonstrated his versatility V-' by being active in football, the college band and the Motet Choir. In addition he won a chemistry scholarship and became President of Beta Kappa. He acquired an A.B. in chemistry. For six summers Paul has been engaged in the somewhat unusual occupation of electrician in anthracite coal mines. Paul is rather serious, studious type but he is not to be left out of the funmaking when the occasion arises. He finds recreation in outdoor sports in general. His professional interests lie in psychiatry and or obstetrics. 9» Wilkes-Barre General Hospital 1 9 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3EDWIN KYLE OWN BEY Winston-Salem, N. C. Pm Cm U. S. Navy WNBEY is a native ol Virginia but at present is living in Winston-Salem. " " North Carolina, deep in the tobacco country. It was at Wake Forest College that he took his undergraduate work; and there, too. he worked as biology assistant, played basketball and participated in the social activities ol Gamma Nu lota. I wo prc-clinical years were also spent at Wake Forest before coming to Temple. During summer vacation “champ" has worked at the Surf Beach Club at Virginia Beach. Own bey chooses obstetrics as his particular field to practice in conjunction with his older brother. U. S. Naval Hospital 99 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3RAYMOND PENNEYS Philadelphia. Pa. Phi Delta Epsilon U. S. .truly RAY is a native l Philly and received his more than adequate pre-medical education at the undergraduate school. While there he played tennis for the cherry and white for two years in addition to being counted among the more prominent members of the Hammond Pre-Medical Society. At Med school Pcnneys joined Phi Delta Epsilon and won election to the Babcock Surgical Society. During the summer of 1940 he worked in the pathology laboratory of the Philadelphia General Hospital. Tennis, of course, and good music are his principal outside interests. His natural ability combined with his intense application will make Ray a sure winner in whatever field he may select. 100 Philadelphia General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3MARSHALL JULIUS PIERSON Akron. Ohio U. S'. Navy Tl T ARSHALL’S home town is closer to the equator than that of am other member of the class: he was born in Colon. Panama Canal Zone, but now resides in Akron, Ohio. Pre-medical education was obtained at Ohio State University and at Western Reserve. He was graduated from the latter institution with an A.B. in biology. I hc summer of 19.41 was spent working at autopsies and pathology in general in the Akron City Hospital. On June 20. 1942. Pierson married Mary Helen Richardson. Internal medicine and diagnosis are his preference. Temple University Hospital 101 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3HAROLD R. PILTINGSRl D Leeds. X. D. Phi Beta Pi U. S. Army [ I WAS at the University of Minnesota and the University of North Dakota (N. D. being his home state) that Pilt acquired the education necessary to begin the study of medicine. As an undergraduate he sang to the sweetheart of Sigma Chi. Pilt then spent two years at the medical school of North Dakota and packed his bags and his new B.S. and came on to Philadelphia. Summer work was passed as an interne at the State School for the Mentally Deficient. Visitors to the northwest will find Pilt ice skating, playing hockey, or swimming between office hours of his general practice. 102 Wilmington General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3HOWARD EMERSON PRATT Kccne- N- " Pm Rho Sigma U. S. Army ROM ilie land of snow and skiing and green Indians. Bud descended on Philadelphia with an A.B. from Dartmouth. While he was up there among i he White Mountains he engaged in foot Dal 1 and track., participated in the activities of the Outing Club and was a brother in Alpha Delta Phi and Alpha .eta Psi. His vacations were spent at work and at play: driving a truck for a construction company, working for the State Highway Dept., and camping out and enjoying nature in the raw! His hobbies include tennis, swimming, hunting, fishing and mechanics. In January. 19.12. Bud married Dorotln Grubc. Pratt intends to specialize in orthopedics. Eastern Maine Ge neral Hospital, Bancor, Maine 103 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3PHILIP FRANCE HOWARD PUGH Sioux City, Iowa U. S. Army wpiiG" was born in Texas, but now makes his home where corn really grows. 1 He received his B.S. at Iowa State College where he won honor keys and engaged in football and boxing. Phil spent his first two wars in medicine at South Dakota University School of Medical Sciences. Ihigh was the gent who always arrived at class in time to mystify us with the latest theories of neurology et al and give a few suggestions on those tough cases. For the past several summers he has spent his vacations working in industry as a welder. His pastimes vary from grand opera to boxing contests. In June, 1942, he married Betty Lu Rumsdell. Professionally he is particularly interested in surgery. Broadlawns General Hospital, Des Moines. Iowa 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3LESTER RAUER Philadelphia, Pa. Pm Delta Epsilon U. S. Xavy I I S attended the undergraduate school where, we understand, his scholastic rating was as outstanding as it has been in medical school. He was a member of the Hammond Pre-medical Society, and used to engage in swimming and handball. After coming to the graduate school he joined Phi Delta Epsilon. In time to come when we think of unspoiled, enthusiastic, light-hearted youth devouring the precepts ol medicine we shall recall the cheerful, ruddy-cheeked countenance ol Lester Rauer. His summer work included employment in pathology at Frankford and Temple Hospitals. Pathology and internal medicine are his two choices as possible specialties. Philadelphia General Hospitai. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULLWILLIAM LEROY REED Rural Valley. Pa. Pm Alpha Sigma U. S. Army SPARKLING with personality. Bill has been the fountainhead of ambition and enthusiasm in the class. Here is a go-getter who combines energy with ability to achieve the desired results. His home is in Rural Valley, Pa. At Allegheny College he was a member of Alpha Chi Rho, Phi Beta Pi, the college band and the choir. He also participated in fraternity sports. Reed received his A.B. in biology. FOr recreation he turns to aviation (in which he has a private license), photography, rugs, music and collecting records. In 1941 Bill was married to Yvonne Bowser. 106 Wilmington General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3FRED WILLIAM REESE Danville, l a. U. S. Army WHEN Fred Reese of Danville went oil to college he chose Bucknell Ini vcrsiiv. There he majored in biology, while his extra-curricular activities included four years of membership in the university Glee Club and enrollment in Phi Kappa Psi. Then he came to Temple where he added to his long list of friends—among the new ones being one W illiam Rumsey. The Reese-Rumsey combine has been outstanding in the constant production ol wit and humor. Fred is the classic example of an agile mind and a fertilized imagination. He spent his summers as rodman on the surveying corps for the state. It is his intention to enter general practice when his service with the government is terminated. Gi isinc.lk Memoriai Hospital. Danville, Pa. 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3DONALD HARPSTER RICE State College, Pa. Phi Rho Sigma U. S. Army HON went to school in his home town of State College, Pennsylvania. While there he became a member of the Pre-Medical Society and the Penn State Club. Table Tennis Tournaments occupied much of his leisure time. He is a member of Phi Rho Sigma at Temple, and is on the photography staff of the Skull. His main avocations are flying and photography. His interest in aviation has led him to consider a career as Army flight surgeon, although for civilian life he prefers general practice in a small town. Don’s easy-going good nature has made him a confidante of the whole class. Don married Virginia Faucet, December 23, 1942. 108 Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. 1943 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3FRANK LOUIS RICHARDSON Philadelphia, Pa. Ai piia Kappa Kappa U. .S'. Navy T RANK look his undergraduate work ai ilie I'niversity of Pennsylvania and at - ■ Temple. receiving an A.B. degree on graduation. At college he played football and was an active member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon. i Temple. Prank was the originator of those class "outings” which wrote finis to our school terms each year, and incidentally made the class and Frank famous. Vacations were spent in various ways—Ins summer employment including work as a lifeguard at a swimming pool, and junior interne. St. Vincent's Hospital. Bridgeport. Prank’s hobbies are sports of all kinds. Always a sentimentalist to the core. Prank became a June (1912) bridegroom when he married nn Deitrich. Either clinical medicine or neurology will be his specialty in practice. U. S. Navai. Hospital 109 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ARTHUR JEROME RICKER East Lansing, Mich. Phi Chi (r. .S'. Army W A RT” was born in Cadillac, Michigan, in 1916. He attended the University of Michigan and received an A.15. in political science. At Temple he became a member of Phi Chi and met Bill Wicks, his buddy and boon companion. It’s sort of a Damon and Pythias set-up. Art married Margaret Linda Evans in 1939. and like all other married men, turned to bridge as a pastime. During the summer, he plays collector for the business office of our hospital. In bis lighter moments they say he’s tough to beat on a badminton court. After service in the army, he hopes to become an obstetrician. 110 Harper Hospital, Detroit, Mich. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ROBERT BURCUELL ROACH Lowell, N. C. r. s. Savy npHlS quiet, Iriendly son of the Old South came to Temple at the beginning of our junior year, and we have found him a most welcome colleague. 11 is pre-clinical years were spent at Wake Forest, alter having obtained his B.S. in chemistry at Presbyterian College. As an undergraduate, he found time to participate in track, tennis, swimming and the Glee Club, as well as taking part in the activities of the Chemistr and Biology Clubs. Bob passes his summers hard at work for a construction company, which probably accounts for his vigor and even disposition. In September, 1937, Bob married Mildred Faulkinbury: they have one daughter: Myra Jean. He is interested in general practice, with an eye to obstetrics as a specialty. I . $. Nava 1 Hospital 111 19 4 3 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3WILLIAM STANTON ROBBINS Philadelphia, Pa. Phi Delta Epsilon U. S. Army nnHIS disciple of Hippocrates left his garage in North Philadelphia to come to Temple, first for his A.B. then for his medical work. As an undergraduate he was a member of Zeta Lambda Phi and the Hammond Pre-Medical Society. At Broad and Ontario he joined Phi Delta Epsilon and became its treasurer his senior year. Bill confesses that his favorite summer exercise consists of relaxing at the seashore, listening to any good music and watching baseball games. Any leisure time outside of this is reserved for rest. Bill has selected pediatrics as his professional preference. 112 Philadelphia General Hospital 1943 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3O F S € KRYIN EDI RODRIGUEZ Ponce, Puerto Rico Phi Alpha Sigma U. .S’. Army TT' R conies from the West Indies where lie attended the University of liis native Puerto Rico, but it was at the University of Syracuse that he finished his pre-medical education. At college he was elected to Phi Sigma Alpha and was active in athletics. At Temple the "Senor" has been the master of rhumba, conga and gallantry, not to mention his excellence in his chosen profession. During idle hours Edi likes to engage in various sports—particularly basketball and swimming. Rod intends to take up practice of internal medicine at his home in Ponce, Puerto Rico. St. Joseph's Hospital, Reading, Pa. 1 3 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ROBERT ARNOLD ROGERS Keyser, W. Va. Phi Beta Pi U. S. Army FROM the mountaineer country of West Virginia. Bob acquired by far the greater part of his education in his home state. He attended the Potomac State School and the I’niversity of West Virginia for his undergraduate work, then took two pre-clinical years at the medical school of U. W. V. Bob spent a recent summer vacation working in a clinic at the Spencer State Hospital. His particular outside interests are photography, hunting and fishing. He has selected obstetrics as his specialty preference in medicine. i 14 Wilmington Generai. Hospital. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3O F S c JERMAN WALTER ROSE. JR. Henderson. N. C. U. S. Navy T OSIE is one of the gentlemen from North Carolina who joined us at the beginning of junior year. He went to Wake Forest College for his undergraduate work and liked the place so well he remained there for his two pre-dinical years before forgetting the Civil War and crossing the Mason-Dixon line to Broad and Ontario. Rose was Vice-President of the School of Medicine at Wake Forest, and also of Gamma Nu Iota. Vacations were spent at work surveying crops for the U. S. Soil Conservation Program and employed in a Solvay Process chlorine plant. His hobbies are hunting and photography. Gynecology and obstetrics arc his chosen fields. U. S. Naval Hospital 11 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL • 1943WILLIAM POTTER RUMSEY Swanhmore, Pa. U. S. Army npHIS bashful youth who states with conviction that the best letters Reese’s girl A ever got were from him. comes to Temple from Penn State where he was a member of Delta Upsilon ancl the Pre-Medical Society. Incidentally he earned his B.S. in science there too. Rumse has been a member of the class dance committee ancl is on the literary staff of the Skui.l. As a youth Pete worked in his father's garage. Later he worked at the Chester Hospital. Horseback riding and Reese arc his favorite diversions. Internal medicine is his chief professional interest. 116 Philadelphia General Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ALDEN PACK SARGENT Kamas, Utah U. .S'. Army IT ROM the mountains of Utah Aldcn came to Temple Med after completing his pre-medical work at Brigham Young University and the University ol Utah. A good student, though somewhat reserved, he has impressed us as the strong, silent man from the West. He is a true outdoorsman. and where he comes from there seems to be quite a bit of outdoors. When he gets a vacation he returns to Utah to work on his father’s farm or in the woods as a sawmill hand or a logger. He has even been employed 1)' the 1. S. Forest Service as a fireguard. Sargent wishes to become a general practitioner. Methodist Hospital. Memphis. Tenn. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULLWALTER WESLEY SAWYER Elizabeth City. N. C. Alpha Kappa Kappa V. S. Navy WIVT ALT”— (or “Tom,” as Mark Twain loved to call him)—didn’t fool around much at Duke and Davidson. No sir! He started in by joining Sigma Phi Epsilon and Delta Phi Alpha; got some exercise participating in baseball and interfraternity sports and topped it off with a B.S. in chemistry for dessert. Forsaking the warmth of the sunny clime, Walt brought his southern drawl and a ready wit to Temple where it has functioned unfailingly ever since. He is a member of the Skull business staff. Summers were spent swimming and fishing with his camera not far from his side. Walt married Miriam Sherlock Sawyer in 1934. Favorite interests professionally are obstetrics and general medicine. Temple University Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3SIDNEY GEORGE SEDWICK Kiuanning. l a. U. S. Army Oil) came from Allegheny College with his B.S. in biology to make good at Temple. As an undergraduate he belonged to Phi Gamma Delta and Phi Beta Phi. In medical school he continued an excellent record by being elected to the Babcock Surgical Society in his sophomore year. Pishing and hunting are Sid's favorite diversions. Vacations are spent “in Canada, fishing or looking for some one to go fishing with." In June. 1942, Sedwick was married to Mildred Hutchison. It is his intention to take a residency in surgery alter the present emergency and thus follow his father's footsteps. W estern Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. "9 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3BURKE McARTHUR SNOW Salt Lake City, Utah Pm Cm U. S. Army l I’RKV tomes from ihe Rockies where he sianed a famous career by becoming - -• All-State Nevada football player. 1‘hen he went to the University of Utah where he joined Delta Phi, received his bachelor degree and studied two years of medicine. After spending two and a half years in Germain as a missionary for the Mormon Church, Snow left as the war arrived. Me then turned to medicine. Burke’s favorite pastime is skiing at Alta. Utah, where, he says, skiing is at its best. Like his father, Snow is partial to orthopedic surgery. I 20 Temple University Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3ANDREW SOKALCHUK Philadelphia, Pa. V. S. Navy PROBABLY the busiest member ol the class, and scholastically one ol the top notchers, Andy is merely continuing the full and illustrious career which he had already begun at the undergraduate school. At the College of Liberal Arts. Sokaldmk was a research assistant in chemistry and a member of the Hammond Pre-Medical Society. On coming to medical school he won membership to the Babcock Surgical Society, and is Business Manager of the 1943 Ski 1.1.. Vacation employment has included work as an automobile mechanic, an insurance salesman and assistant in physiological research. He lists his hobbies as: "research (Physiology), rifle shooting, long rough hikes, good music.” Vnd will probably engage in clinical medicine associated with research. iKMI'tl I'MMRSm Hospitai 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JOHN SIEGFRIED STEWART uancn. Pa. U. S. Army FROM Warren, Pa., Johnnie went to Duke Universit) and ilie University of Buffalo for his pre-medical training. As an undergraduate he participated in the activities of Kappa Alpha and Phi Eta Sigma. During his first years at Temple we found that one of Stu’s characteristics was an insatiable scientific curiosity which made him one of the foremost “quiz kids” of the class. For two summers he has worked in the financial office of the Chautauqua Institution in New York, and he is “femme fatale" of the Skui.i. business staff. Stewart turns to the great outdoors for recreation—in sailing, hunting and fishing. His specialty preference is urology. 122 St. Vincent’s Hospital, Erie, Pa. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3A. J. RICHARD STUELAND loromo, s. d. (r. S. A rmy DICK came i » Temple at the beginning of the junior year with a B.S. in medicine from the University of South Dakota. His undergraduate work was taken at St. Olaf College, Minnesota, where he played in the college band and orchestra and was a member f Kappa Sigma. His summers were spent in directing the municipal band of his home town. Toronto, S. D. His hobbies include instrumental music and fishing. I'he presence ol the staid, studious Stueland always had a beneficial effect on some of his le s serious friends. Dick married Catherine Green Stueland in July. 1941. He is undecided as to whether he will enter general practice or specialize in obstetrics. Axckf.r Hospital. St. Paul, Minn. -3 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3TAKESHI TAHAKA Hilo, Hawaii CCHARLIE comes from that chain of islands which suddenly became famous J December 7th, 1941— Hawaii. Forsaking the hulas and ukcldes Tahara rook pre-medical work at the University of Hawaii and Northwestern. Continuing his travels, Charlie arrived in Philadelphia for his medical education and soon achieved fame with a terrific rendition of the hula at Dr. English’s party for the class two years ago. Charlie returned home to Hilo in the summer of 1941 (when he was exactly half an M.D.) to spend his vacation and prepare a volume for Dr. Hartley’s health survey. For diversions. Tahara turns to model-building and fishing. Charlie is primarily interested in general medical practice. 124 St. Vincent’s Hospital. Erie. Pa. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3WILLIAM DILL TODHUNTER Johnstown, Pa. U. S. Army 1)11.1. washed in from Johnstown by way of the famous little Allegheny College where he got his A.B. in science. I'od, the man of many nicknames, is a top flight student but they say he always found time to raise a mite of Cain with his classmates. His scholastic efforts were rewarded with membership in the Babcock Society. After toughening-up by spending his summers working for the Bethlehem Steel Co., Bill married Betty Blackburn Boyd in July. 1941. His special interests include photography and art. Bill intends to enter general practice. Temple I xivERsm Hospital 25 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JOSEPH JAMES TOLAND Philadelphia, Pa. Pm Alpha Sigma U. S. Navy JAY-JAY, a Philadelphia boy, attended Villanova where he was editor of the Villanovan, cheer leader, member of the Student Council and of many class committees. At Med School Joe continues his journalistic career on the Skull staff. Toland spent his summers as counsellor in children’s camps in Maine and New Hampshire. Fond of the great outdoors, Joe likes “roughing it." During a recent summer vacation he and his brother went on a 10.000 mile tour of the U. S. Toland married Marjorie McCairns in December of 1942. His professional interests appear to be divided between surgery and obstetrics. 12G Nazareth Hospital, Philadelphia 1943 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3JOHN HENRY TRIMMER. JR. Vork. Pa. V. S'. Army HP MIS very personable young man obtained his A.B. in Biology at Gettysburg 1 before coming to medical school. From the very first clays of freshman year the whole class appreciated his modest demeanor and suave courtesy. We recall that he was the first of our offic ial operators of the slide projectors (nominated by acclamation). John lias a very tangible sense of humor, but beneath it lies a seriousness which foriokcns an eminently successful career in medicine. For the past six summers he has been engaged in the businesslike diversion of managing frozen custard stands at shore resorts. He prefers to specialize in orthopedics or neurology. York Hospital, Y’ork, Pa. 1943 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3KENNETH VANN TYNER Leaksvillc, N. C. U. S. Marty TT" EN makes liis home in Leaksville, North Carolina. He took his undergraduate work and pre-clinical medicine in the South studying at Wake Forest College and Medical School before transferring here for his junior year. His vacations were not spent idly. For three years he attended summer school, while in 40 and ’41 he worked in a local hospital. Tyner's hobbies are athletic in character: golf, tennis, swimming. He expects to follow his dad into the field of surgery. Studious, unobtrusive, gentlemanly he is one of the Wake Forest group which has added much to the prestige of the class. iu3 North Carolina Bapilst Hospital, Winston-Salem 1943 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3EDWARD CLAUDE UHRICII Mersey, l a. I’m Rho Sigma V. S. Army VV,' HEN Eddie went to Penn State lie decided to direct his attention to several sciences—so he collected his B.S. in chemistry, physics, and zoology. At college he was a member of the Pre-Medical Society. After a short time at Temple he took over the job of keeping the hospital running and in good spirits—a job he has kept ever since. Later he added duties on the Ski 11 business staff. Summers were spent working in his home town at the Hershey Amusement Park. Favorite diversions are sports and stamp collecting. Ed favors general practice with special interest in pathology. Polyclinic Hospital, Harrisbirg. Pa. 129 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL o 1943WILLIAM F. UTTERMAN Climax, Colo. Ui S. Army P ILL was born in Wisconsin, bui later migrated westward to his present abode in Climax, Colorado. Undergraduate work was divided between Mesa Junior College and the University of Utah, where he was graduated with an A.B. Utterman then took two years of medicine at Utah, and transferred to Temple at the beginning of his junior year. His summer employment was work in a molybdenum mine. He also spent part of his time traveling. Hobbies include sleeping, resting and reading in that order. Bill’s special professional interest is internal medicine. 130 1943 SKULL 1943 SKULL 19 4 3EDWARD JEROME VOGELER. JR. Eitiiz. Pa. Pm Chi V. S'. Navy JERRY is our representative from the Lone Star State, although his present home is in Pennsylvania. Me was educated at Franklin and Marshall where he was on the editorial stall of the school newspaper and a member of the debating team. He was graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Science. For the past five summers. Jerry- has been a counselor at Camp Sunapee in New Hampshire. His hobbies include swimming, boxing and collecting news items of scientific interest, particularly those concerning recent development in medicine. Yogeler intends to practice cardiology. U. S. Naval Hospital »3« 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3CHARLES ORR WAGENHALS Syracuse. N. V. Alpha Kappa Kappa U. S. Army C'iHUCK attended Middlebury College and Syracuse University before obtain A ing his A.B. in biology. In those carefree college days Chuck thought nothing of working for the Student Council, Intel fraternity Council, the Aviation Club, the German Club and the Sigma Phi Epsilon and National Physics Honorary Society all at the same time. Continuing at Temple he became President of Alpha Kappa Kappa and Class Secretary for his Junior and Senior years. During the summers, he held a position as assistant medical director at a Scout camp. Chuck intends to start general practice before work in O. B. or pediatrics. 132 Edward L. Meyer Memorial Hospital, Blitalo, N. V. 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3O F JAMES ERNEST WALLACE Oil City. l a. Phi Chi U. S. Army T HE Deacon is a native ol Sapulpa, Oklahoma. For his undergraduate work he attended Mercer University and Duke University, receiving his A.B. from the latter institution. At college he was on the track and cross-country teams for four years, a member of the Macon Camera Club, the Mercer Photographic Society and the Alembic Club. In addition he worked as senior instructor in the biology lab. Jim came to Temple after taking his first pre-clinical year at Duke. During vacations he has been employed by the Oil City General Hospital and the Allied Barrel Corp. Photography, tropical fish, hunting, fishing, golf, and boating are some of his diversions. Allegheny General Hospital. Pittsburgh. Pa. ‘33 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3CLARKSON WENTZ Wynnewood. Pa. U. S. Army LARK attended Yale University and Dickinson College for his pre-medical education. It was from the latter institution that he was graduated with a B.S. degree. At college he became a member of Alpha Sigma Phi. At Temple we have appreciated his friendliness and good humor and have recognized him as a good bridge partner. The Wentz's main line parties are memories of a perfect host. One summer was spent doing autopsy work at PGH. Other vacations were enjoyed sailing or mountain climbing in Maine. In August, 1940, he married Eleanor Booth with whom lie shares his interests in tennis, sailing and hiking. Wentz believes he will probably enter general practice. 134 Bryn Mawr Hospital 1943 SKULL • 1943 SKULL 19 4 3O F JAMES SPENCER WEST Salt Lake City, Utah Phi Beta Pi U. H. Army JIM was born in Salt Lake City, lived a while in New York, then returned to his home town. He attended the University oi Utah and earned his B.A. in bacteriology. Later he taught this subject at the University of Wisconsin. At Utah, he took two years of pre-clinical medicine. Fraternity memberships were in Beta Theta Pi. Phi Beta Pi. and Zeta Phi Zeta. Versatile summer work was obtained b laboring at clerical work, assisting the war department, and helping at a copper smelter. On September 3, 19.J1. Jim married Louene Stoker. West is especially interested in anesthesia as a specialty. San Francisco City and County Hospital '35 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3WILLIAM ABEL WICKS West Piuston. Pa. U. S. Army BILL left West Piuston, Pa., (or Syracuse University when the time came for him to acquire higher learning, but before he was graduated he had transferred to the University of Alabama. At college he tooted a sax in the band and joined Beta Theta Pi fraternity. It was in the deep south that he received his A.B. in chemistry one warm day. Wicks took a course in physical therapy at the U. of P. Graduate Hospital in $5- Bill is married to Ann Smith: the date— Ma 20, 1937. This member of the Wicks-Ricker bridge combine intends to specialize in internal medicine. 136 Bryn Mawr Hospital 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3GROVER FRANKLIN ZERBE Valley View, Pa. Phi Ri-io Sicm U. S. Army rI ERBF went to Lebanon Valley College and made quite a mark for himseli there, both scholastically and socially. He was on the Year Book Staff, a member of the Biology and the German Clubs, and took part in the class play. In addition, he was elected President of the Junior Class and of Kappa Lambda Sigma Fraternity. Zerbc was awarded his B.S. in biology. At Temple. Frank joined Phi Rho Sigma. He continued to show his organi .a tional and executive ability as chairman of numerous dance committees. Vacations were passed in loafing and working in Hershey Park. Tennis, baseball and bridge are his hobbies. HaKKIMU'KC. Pot YCl.lNK HoM’l lM. »:17 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3 SKULL 19 4 3JUNIORS 1. Auer. Edwtrd Thomas 2. Barkley. William W.. Jt 3. Barber. Tracy Etta. Jr. •4. Barton. Ray Hunter. Jr. 5. Bashline. Donald LeRoy 6. Beefs. Phyllis Mae 7. Behrens. Clayton Lee 8. Bellew. Bernard A. L. 9. Brcnsinger. William J. 10. Bryan. Allen Lindlcy 11. Burke. Joseph Fr- 12. Caldwell. John Rankin 13. Ccnni. Louis Joseph. Jr. I r. own. n iiiuviu 16. Corson Margaret Louise 17. Cowdery. John S. 18. Cross. Albert James 19. Day. Max Faekrell 20. Dean. Roscoc E.. Jr. 21. Deitrtck. George A.. Jr. 22. Diax. Angeles 23. Dierolf. Leon W.. Jr. 24. Draper. Harry R.. Jr. 2?. Driscoll. John J.. Ir. 26. Drumheller. John F. 27. DudnicJt. Henry Joseph 28. Emich. John Philio. Jr. 29. Faludi. Heinx Karl 30. Fett. Herbert C.. Jr. 31. Fleischman. Henry 32. Frantx. Alfred Sawyer 33. Freeman. William S.. Jr. )4. Frumin. Morris Jack 35. Gamon. Adam E.. II 36. Gaydos. John Daniel 37. Gibson. F. Clay 38. Gleicherr. James Elder 39. Goodtpced. William K. 40. Gordon. Joseph 41. Gove. Richard R.. Jr. 42. Green. Valerie Hadden 43. Criesemer. Laurence C. 44. Griffith. Newell Jerome 45. Grimes. George Raymond 46. Grover, Harle Burton 47. Grua. Oscar Ernest 48. Gwinn, Beniamin Clark 49. Hall. Jack Herod 50. Harada, Thomas Taketo 51. Hauser. William P. 52. Hering. Alexander C. 53. Hogshead. Ralph. Jr. 54. Hutchinson. Bernard M. 55. Irey. Philip M.. Jr. 56. Jackson. Bernard Richard 57. Jones. Helen Elisabeth 58. Karr.en, George Francis 59. Kolmcr. John Herron 60. Lachman. John Walter 61. Lapin. Matthew Rubie 62. Laubach. Charles A., Jr. 63. Leiser. John Young 64. Leonard. Charles Lee 65. Longo. Mary Eleanor 66. MacKinnon. Sterling A. 67. Maloney. Walter Hugh 68. Margolis. Bernard 69. Mclman, Estelle 70. Menges. Charles C. H. 71. Mcscntcr. Peggy Florence 72. Miller. Herbert Levere 73. Miller. James Edward 74. Milhron, William G. 75. Modisher, Melvin W. 76. Mount. Blanche M 77. Nicholson. Robert W. 78. Osborn. Karl Allen 79. Pang. Allen Kwan Sau 80. Parkinson. Gaylord B..Jr. 81. Parrott. George Fountain 82 Race. George Alexander 83. Ralph. Fenn Tompkins 84. Rath. Charles Kirby. Jr. 85. Rcichwein. George F. 86. Reinoehl. Warren L. 87. Rhoads. John McFarlane 88. Richards. Lcnore 89. Robbins. Robert 90. Rogers. LaMar 91. Rushmore. Charles Henry 92. Ruud. Edward Taylor 93. Ruud. John E. 94. Sabol. John Benedict 95. Sarshik. Milton 96. Sawchuk. Steven 97. Schellcr. Donald LeRoy Schwarts. Harold Shuman. Charles Ross Siman. Bernard Israel Sivick, Edward Michael Snyder. Marion Rita Snyder. Richard Vinson Spear. William Nelson Spencer. Robett Stafford Stitt. Donald Golder Sxakalun. Leo Stanley Thompson. Harry Glenn Thompson. Parley Dale Trapp. Harry Edwin. Jr. Umlauf. Charles William Urie. John Carlson Uthus. Oliver Sherman Vadheim. Albert Lewis. Jr. Wagner. Thomas Edison. Jr. Weber. Ruth Esther Weigel. Joseph Henry Wer.dling. Woodrow Wilson Westley. Kent Forbes Wmstanley. Robert Atthur Wyche. George Griffith Yoder. Morris Leroy. Jr. Hack Row: 14 - 64 - 55 - 85 - 106 • 83 • 35 • 67 - 121 -37-11-32-27-31-21. Middle Row: 107 • 23 - 38 - 3 - 47 - 78 - 9 - 2 • 115 • •03 • 4 - 53 '5 • 68 - 63. Front Row: 87 - 30 • 74 79 46 - 43 - 28 - 39 - 42 • 77-9' • 5° • «oo • 61. Back Row: 62 - 12 - 95 - 29 - 90 • 92 • 108 - 34 - 86 -33-117-40- 104 -54 56 • 96 • 1 - 16 - 4. Middle Row: 26-65-36-71 - 120 - 109 - 111 • 102 - 88-60-59-41 • 7 - 82 • 89 - 119-22-69-57. Front Row: 84 - 44 • 73 - 18 • 114 - 66 - 80 - 70 - 1 to • 99 - 122 - 98 - 93 - 113. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. lor. 106. 107. 108. 109. 110. 111. 112. 113. 114. 115. 116. 117. 118. 119. 120. 121. 122.Back Row: 39 8 - 9 • | 3 3° I' ' 28 23 20 3' • I 27 • M-Middle Row: 19 • 50 4.9 - 16 - 10 - 32 - 21 - 18 - 38 -3 - ii • 12 - 46 - 5-Front Row: 11 .jo - 15 - 29 ■' 17 37 ' 7 21 - 36 33 25 43 • 35- Back Row: 70 G8 - 26 Bo - 55 6', - 75 2 - Be - 76 Go - »B. Middle Row: 71 100 - - 74 - 57 ' 79 ,s7 62 ■ 54 - 73 - 8(i • H ' 9- ‘ «8-Front Row: 97 -91 - Hi - 52 - 53 • 78 - 99 - 89 - 56 -77 - 66 - 42 - 59- SOI II OMORES 1. Adclman. Bernard Pallet 2. Ainsworth. Tho». H . Jr. 3. Baezewski, Zbigniew John «. Bair, Howard Nelson 5. Baker, Joseph Jacob 6. Barclay. Paul Lloyd, Jr. 7. Barr. Samuel Stauffer 8. Blasco. Walter Joseph 9. Blumberg. TKco. Thomas 10. Brooks. Robot 11. Brown. Molly Agnes 12. Bucher. Robert Monroe 13. Campana. Joseph Francis M. Casey. Donald John 15. Casey. Margaret Teal 16. Ciell, August Paul. Jr. 17. Cleaver. Holstein DeHaven 18. Clyman, Byron 19. Cochran. Bryce Clark 20. Colley. Alfred Leroy 11. Conrad. Joe Elvin 22. Copp. Newton Hogan 23. Davis. Edward Wilson 24. Dccherney. Herman C. 25. Dill. Ja». Newcomer. Jr. 26. Ditzler. J. William 27. Donaldson. James Bowie 28. Eastwood. Frederick T. 2' . Edwards. Margaret Hay 30. Eisenberg. Morton Simon 31. Eiserutcin. Bernard 32. Evans. William Guy. Jr. 33. Eylcr. Joseph Albert 34. Faust, Arthur Win.. Jr. 35. Florio. Joseph 36. Fong. Willis Ming 37. Frost. Phyllis P. C. 3S. Gardner. Melvyn Jack 39. Geer. Enos Throop. Jr. 40. Gonralc:. Lydia 41. Haas. Hugh Sylvan 42. Hall. William Thomas 43. Hallahan, John Dallas 44. Harrington. Lee 45. Harris. Carl Alfred 46. Harrison. Joseph. Jr. 47. Hicks. Dorothy Jane 48. Himes. Richard Singer 49. Hughes. Grant B. 50. John . Richard Elias 51. Johnson. The Benjamin 52. Kamslcr. Patricia Mary 53. Krisukas. Vera Palmer 54. Krueger. Henry Geotge 55. Krumperman. L. Wright 56. Larson, John William 57. Listen. John Joseph 5$. LeFever, Robert Spangler 59. Lichtcnfcls, Fred. V.. Jr. 60. Lippi. Frank A.. Jr. 61. Lum, Edward Chang Wo 62. Mansuy. Matthew Melvin 63. Maroshek. Fran: Andrew 64. Martin. Richard Gordon 65. McCall. Joel Virgil. Jr. 66. McCloskey. George Albert 67. MeGavin. Thomas Alfred 68. McKinney. W. Louis. Jr. 69. McPcak, Charles Joseph 70. Morton. Edwin Doyle 71. Myers. William Mahon 72. Necse. Harry Glen. Jr. 73. Nicklcs, W. Alfred. 3rd 74. Ottenbcrg. Donald Jay 75. Overman. William Joseph 76. Papola. Gino Gaetano 77. Pcloii. Louis M. 78. Perlman. Scvena 79. Puncheon. Robert Leepcr 80. Reiber. David Edward 81 R on. Thomas Nelson 82. Sausser, Eugene Walter 83. Show. Whitlaw Misaimer 84 Sisson. Thomas R. C. 85. Snyder. Robert John 86. Steinhorn. Paul 87. Stcller. Fred. Charles 88. Stiflel. Arthur 89. Stoehen. Helen Frances 90. Swift. Charles Cavcrly 91. Tulla. Miguel A. 92. Twiss. Alston Cornelius 93. Urban. Geo. Joseph. Jr. 94. Van Meter. Ralph H 95. Watson. James Gibton 96. Watters. Franklin Benj. 97. West. Harold Frederic 98. Whitney. Leslie Winfield 99 Wolf. Doris Ann 100. Yankauskas. Peter Chas. 101. Zatuchni. Jacob 102. Zeigler. Charles M. I.Rack Row: 44 . 14 . 46 • 33 • 25 • 12 - 4 ' 9 • 4S 45 S» • 29 • 2 • 50 69 si. Middle Row: 71 63 - m2 • 49 56 58 S'- 64 66 59 n7 71 ‘ 7 7 6 ■ 52 - A • 67 "5 102. From Row: u • 119 • 19 • 58 • 47 20 • 114 - 97 - 62 - hk) • 54 • S • o • Ha. Back Row: 27 • »5 26 120 • to6 - 103 • 16 - o - 87 • 89 • 22 • 88 97 3 • 109 % 95 • 9 70 • Ml. Middle Row: 8$ 99 - 104 • $8 • 107 • 108 68 • 61 101 - 65 • 94 • mo • 79 • • 57 - 55 $0 • 72 • 9 - Front Row: 75 • j8 . 98 • 77 - 76 • 60 • 28 • 42 • M5 2 • 86 - 8() - H • 35 - r) - 73 • 90. FRESH 4IEN 1. Adams. Andrew Borden 2. Alesbury. Robert Johnson 3. Allen. Wayne Harding 4. Bair. Edward Hart 5. Barne». Glenn Leslie 6. Bcdrossian. Edward H. 7. Berry Hetrich Ralph. Jr. 8. Bohol!. Rhodyn Jones 9. Boscll, Schuyler Murray 10. Bralow. Saul Philip. Jr. 11. Brinning, Elbert C., Jr, 12. Buckley, lohn Joseph 13. Burns. William Thomas la. Burton. A. McFarland 15. Campbell, William Nelson 16. Casey. Paul Robert 17. Cassidy. William J. 18. Chapman. William Leroy 19 Char. Walter Fook Sen 20. Coleman. William Henry 21. Cordrey, Lee Jamo 22 Craig. Robert Leslie 23 Cross. John Doling 24 Cunningham. R. r.; Jr. 25. DcLoiier. Joseph Wilmer 24 DcsPfcz. Renkett John 27. Dickey. Robert Lewis 28. Dorrancc. William L. 29. Durham. Frederick W. 30 Edwards. Harry Me 31. Erskmc. Frederick A 32. Fmewone, Albert Justin 33. Fox. Roger Evan 34. Fulton. Albert Eugene 3 . Ccib. Philip Oldham 36. Cerson. Theodore F. 37 Gicsen. Charles Phillip 38 Cithens. John Horace. Jr 39. Cladding. Samuel W'atson 40. Corton. Richard Kenneth 41. Graft. Richard Shelar 42. Green. Robert Lemuel 43. Greenberg. Harold A. 44. Hansen. A. Victor. Jr. 4t. Hausc, Clark I). W'. 46. Hclsing. Walter John 47. Henson. Joseph B . Jt 48. Hooper. William Edward 49. Hopkins. George C.. Jr. 50. Jackson. Richard DcW'itt 51. Kites, William A.. Jr 52. Kay. Richard 53. Kelly, William John 54. Kistier, Edwin Motley 55. Krttoek. Joseph William 56. Kurt:. John Stephen 57. Lents. Clark Herbert 58. Levinsky, Wfalter John 59. Le Worthy. George W. 60. Ltcblcr. John Baxter 61. Livingston, N B.. It. 62. Lyons. Thomas J.. Jt. 63. Marotti, Rita Christina 64 Mather. Robert W, 65. Mauricllo, Dominic A. 46. May. Robert Oscar 6", McCafftrtv, William H 68. McCracken. Stewart 69. McDonald, Rov Ernest 70. McKinley. Arthur Randon 71. McLean. Alexandria A. 72. McMahon. Elisabeth 1. 7 . Millington. Ccorge Henry 74. Milnor, John Campion 75. Moats, Anthony, W,, Jr. 76. Morgan. Winfield S.. Ill 77. Meylan. Joseph Ernst 78. O’Connor. Thomas V. 79. Packer, Lawrence L.. Jt. 80. Pearce. Louis Leverett 81 Penman. Wilium Robert 82 Pickett. Merle Elmer 83 Pierce, Anna Grace 84. Realc. Thomas Frank 85. Rcber. Earl Wayne 86. Rees. Roberts Moss 87. Reiner, Charles 88. Reinhart. Raymond B., Jt 89. Rcinwl. Richard Curtis 90. Repetto. John Philip 91 Richard . Robert N 92. Roger0. Clarence R 93. Rumbaugh. Marsb'll I; 94 Rsonca. Henry John 95. Sanford. Robert S. 96. Santo. Ralph Vettei 97. Saniorc. Felice 98. Schlafl, Zachary 99. Shade. Elaine Dengler 100. Shcchy. Thomas F., Jr. 101. Shore. Seymour M 101. Short. Elcanot E. 103 Short. William J. 10 . Shorter . Samuel Sanford 105. Siegel. Seymour 106. Sillats. Charles Henry 107 Smith. Kenneth Asa 108. Steel. Howard Haldeman 109. StohehiW. Robert Be 1 tell HO. Stout. WiWv.im J. HI. Swingle. Roy CWmer 112. T avlot. Harry V.. Jt. 113. TopVu. Lillian Barbara 114. Trait;, James Joseph 1H. Uber. Ralph Leroy 116. Van den Bosch. T., Jt. 117. W’altemyct. W C . Jr. 118. Watson. Gcoigc Smith 119. W ray. Henry C., Jt. 120. Wiye, John CametonPRE CLINICALI s i Dr. John B. Roxby. Professor of Anatomy, whose vivid lectures on the Serratus and Pectoral is muscles are classic examples of a memorable study. ANATOMY The freshman medical student has two major clinical manifestations. One. fairly constant, is the befuddled expression to be found on his face.-The other, the most constant finding by far, is the peculiar odor of formaldehyde which permeates the air whenever one of the species is nearby. It has long been a matter of no little concern, especially to such of the laity who are apt to come in contact with freshmen traveling on crowded subways and buses, as to the possible source of so nauseating an effluvium. We were little more than laymen ourselves the day we were introduced to our cadavers. “You think yours stinks? Come over here and take a whiff of this one!” “Me touch that thing? Not on your life!” “I really don’t mind it so much. My complexion is normally green.” And through it all—"midst horrid sights Dr. John F. Huber gives well-planned and presented lectures on everything from muscle fibers to nerve endings. Levitov. Trimmer and Bcrnabei arc quizzed by Dr. Huber.Brown, Cochran. Pugh and High study the intercostal nerves with Dr. Roxbv's dissection. Working in one of the finest anatomy labs there is. and shrieks and sounds unholy” (omitting the odor), floated the calm imperturbable Dr. Huber. "Hum hm. All right. Just clean it up a bit.” His clearly diagrammed lectures could explain everything but the smell. He was ably assisted in the laboratory by Dr. and Mrs. Weston. Dr. Pritchard took an occasional jaunt through the lab quizzing the students and pointing out the smaller anatomical structures with the palm ol his hand. “The geniculate ganglion? Here it is. Right under my arm.” The inimitable Dr. Roxby regaled us with his timeless tales ol backwoods medicine. “Yes, madam, your dear little son is dead-dead drunk!” “—and that’s the way I delivered her. They were women in those days." "She didn't want to nurse her own baby. You know what 1 told her, don’t you?” Pierson hunts for a tiny nerve in the ankle. Emil shows Mackenzie and Raucr how Drains arc preserved.Dr. Melvin A. Saylor, Professor of Physiological Chemistry, CHEMISTRY CLAUDIUS GALEN—1)0-201 A.D. On entering medical school Chemistry probably ranked second to the Philadelphia water supply in the etiological background for the freshman purge. As the year advanced, however, it proved to be the student’s first taste of real medicine. Perhaps today as we look back to that first year we realize that ii was the professor even more than the subject that finally brought about our conversion. Kind and subtle. Dr. .Saylor will always be remembered for his elaborate experiments which he carried out to perfection without so much as a test tube. After the actual course is over the subject grows, and we see it’s ever-increasing importance become Physiology, then Pharmacology and finally we realize that here is the very key to a profound understanding of medicine itself. Dr. Saylor will ever be endeared in our memories with the better, the more vivid, and, succinctly, the vital chemistry that deals with the human economy. Dr. Hamilton shows Sokatchuk the secret of getting good results. Dr. Saylor keeps dose touch on Matthews and 'Poland. Dr Mona Adolf does research in colloid chemistry.Dr. J. Garrett Hickey. Professor of Physiology. Physiology, the buga-a-boo of the pre-clini-cal years with a long imposing list ol victims through the centuries! We edged our way into the lab, prepared for the worst. We found it. We smoked drums, pithed frogs (not counting an occasional turtle), fought with our partners, and every Saturday were led into the auditorium like lambs to rhe slaughter, for our weekly quiz. “The law ol the heart is . . ." We’d try to think ol what Dr. Hickey had said in lecture and we'd pray fervently that somewhere on our person we held the precious dollar bill that we had received in change, that contained the notes that the good doctor had jotted upon it in preparation lor his lecture. Hill. Stewart and Kitzmillcr watch Dr. Oppenheiiner make an expert tracing of a research problem. PHYSIOLOGY Perhaps, a question on material that Dr. Oppenheimer had covered somewhere on the twelve cards of notes he gave in one hour last week? Or one ol Dr. Collins' questions on the cndocrines? Better still, one of Dr. Spiegcls’ questions on neurophysiology. Let's see. 11 we removed the cerebrum from a cat in one fell swoop and it became rigid, the phenomena was known as decerebrate rigidity. There was also something of significance about the crosseyed bunnies wc used to pass around, in class lor inspection, but we never could quite figure it out. The heart action of a frog is studied Murtagh and Meads describe action Miss Casey puts her assistant Sokal- by Dr. Hickey, Sokalchuk. Ricker. of blood vessels for Dr. Collins. chuk to work on an original research Stucland and Fickcs. studyPHARMACOLOGY The subject of pharmacology in its broader sense was soon recognized as a vast field where experimental work is continuously being carried on and will be continued until the end of time. The approach to the proper therapeusis of human disease lies in the hands of a great army of investigators always searching for the newer, more specific, and less toxic preparations. Dr. Livingston’s stern expression in the lecture room made us appreciate the-exactness behind this man's scientific thinking. In the laboratory we were amazed at the array of bottles about whose contents we knew little or nothing. As time went on and we tasted, smelled, and drank some of these solutions, together with Dr. Larson's famous experiment pointing out their explosive quality, we were agreed that some of them were quite potent! The course is arranged so that the first six weeks of the first trimester of the Sophomore year are spent learning the physical characteristics and chemical properties of a whole host of drugs in the laboratory, while didactic material is piling up in the classroom. With the shift to animal experimentation we had practice in animal surgery, anesthesia, and observed the action of drugs on almost every system ol the AMBROISH PARE— 1MO-H90 Dr. Livingston and Kinlaw watch Cochran check a rabbit's Heart beat. Dr. Alfred fc. Livingston, Professor of Pharmacology. Moser and Kinlaw watch Dr. Livingston adjust his delicate kymograph.animal’s anatomy- Sections worked under Drs. Livingston, Larson, Cunningham, Bradley, and Fellows. The well-known kymograph of Dr. Livingston's was a remarkable instrument of ingenuity, and as levers bobbed up and down and time markers clicked, the students prayed that the experiment might be good enough to have been of some value in scientific research. Dr. Bradley's experiments were always fascinating because they involved the ingestion ol spiritus frumenti, but no cases of acute alcoholism were reported, perhaps by this time a tolerance had been produced. Dr. Fellows presented a short course in prescription writing where we could appetite rules of solubility and incompatibility previously learned. But when sheets of Latin were passed out we stopped in horror, remembering, of course, the days of Cicero. Finally the ax was beginning to fall and we could feel its blue coldness each time we entered those oral quiz sessions with the chief and his collaborators. With seemingly as many doses and facts to remember as there were dollars in the national debt we entered the final exam well-prepared in a subject that in future years may mean our very bread and butter. 1 2 3 4 5 1. l)r.. Larson asks Wageiiluils and Robbins some embarrassing questions. 2. Dr. Fellows thinks To-dliu liter's prescription needs revision. 3. Dr. Cunningham demonstrates some load anesthesias. 4. Bloscr sees a double distillation in Dr. Larson’s lab. 5. The study of analeptics and anticonvulsants.With microphone in hand and an expression of strong determination Dr. Kolmer expounded the didactic material in these three courses during our sophomore year. Suffice it to say he gave such complete and well organized material that we treasure it with the best. His factual presentation left no doubt that here was a physician who did practice what he preached. l)r. Spaulding presented the demonstrations in the bacteriology laboratory and first taught us the value of anaerobic culture methods with their practical application. It took an unknown to convince us that we were not bacteriologists. Dr. Gault’s enthusiasm over parasitology still left MacKenzie sound asleep in the second row but served to point out that with speeded transportation these diseases might become more common in the United States. Life cycles of certain worms and flukes seemed impossible and now we can’t even enjoy a swim in the old "swimmin’ hole.” Dr. Kolmer introduced us to the immunological reactions by lecture in the third trimester and brought us to date on the Wassermann reaction, research on polio vaccination, and his recent work on brucellosis. BACTERIOLOGY, PARASITOLOGY IMMUNOLOGY Dr. John A. Kolmer, Professor of Medicine and in charge of Bacteriology and Immunology. 1. Dr. Spaulding reads hlood agar cultures. 2. Parasitology exhibits help clarify troublesome ova. 3. Mr. Bondi discusses Brucella abortus with Ambrose and Bello. ,j. Uhricb and Tyner see Dr. Spaulding's .ancrobic culture apparatus.HISTOLOGY AND EMBRYOLOGY "Waste No Time!" were the words appearing on every set of histology lab directions, and this expression became the keynote of our work in the laboratory. In the beginning we were so pressed for time that catching up seemed like some fond but fanciful dream. "Who’s the canary?" Dr. Pritchard would ask if some light-hearted lyricist ventured to whistle while he worked. We would then be assured that "we don’t need any music!” Surely Dr.. Pritchard can be excused if he was a iittle exacting during those quiz sessions: he thought we should be able to learn the material as well as he had. With a few wide, rapid gyrations of his arms, Dr. Pritchard would suddenly make a human embryo appear on the board. The term "embryology” stirs visions of unborn pigs and unhatched chicks, of countless hours spent over countless drawings, of Dr. Chase vainly trying to set us straight, of those awful mornings when we were among the "next-men" who could not "tell me right." We shall never forget Dr. Pritchard’s passionate exhortations to harder study—followed by his solemn assurances that we were the dumbest class in the history of the school. This hurt, until we compared notes with the other classes. 1. The amazing Dr. Pritchard, Professor of Histolog' and Embryology, makes us learn most in the shortest time. 2. Dr. Chase puts little red marks on our drawings. 3. Dr. Pritchard doesn't see the boys loafing in the background. 4. A sagittal section is a great source for quiz questions. Dr. Pritchard is very familiar with modest ".Susan"!HISTORY OF MEDICINE s3»HP-w 2T fOS Once a week for the first semester of freshman year we enjoyed lectures of unvarying interest by that master story-teller. Dr. Victor Robinson. Illustrated by an exceptionally complete set of slides, this course brought to life the colorful past of the healing art. Dr. Robinson, with his pointed observations and unfailing wit, took full advantage of the human side of the story of medicine. Choice anecdotes, delivered in his unequaled style, will remain with us long after obscure, cold facts have passed into oblivion. MEDICAL CORRELATION 1. Dr. Victor Robinson gives graphic descriptions of tlie origin and development of medicine. 2. Early surgeons do their stuff! 3. Dr. John A. Kolmer gives Freshmen their first contact with the sick. j. A Kolmer clinic begins the discussion of a typical case. The second semester of our freshman year brought to us that thrilling introduction to clinical medicine and the Patient. Dr. John A. Kolmer’s task was to show us dramatically that the exhausting hours of laboratory work played a vital part in the practice of medicine. Dr. Kolmer presented in these clinics the history and diagnosis of many diseases. He showed us dearly how necessary anatomy, physiology, chemistry and histology are to the understanding and, therefore, the treatment of humanity's ills.I Pathology in the Sophomore year is designed to introduce the student lo a study of disease of the human hotly upon which he may base his subsequent interpretation of clinical signs and symptoms. Dr. Smith and Dr. Gault deserve much credit for their arrangement and presentation of the vast amount of material which this subject necessarily comprises. The first part ol the year touches upon the fundamental processes of cell function and form which go to make up disease. The secontl part deals with the classification, origin, and nature ol the numerous tumors of the body. The last pari of the year correlates various pathologic states with' the lesions of the different organ systems. Every day there are lectures delivered by Drs. Smith, Gault, Konzelmann. Acgerter, Pealc, or authorities from neighboring institutions. Just as regularly, the microscope is waiting with endless numbers of slides to be examined. Laboratory work is occupied with occasional hours in the micro-projection room, amongst the specimen jars in the museum, and in rotating sections for autopsies at Temple University Hospital. 1. l)r. Luvrcnce W. Smith. Professor and Head of Department of Pathology. 2. Dr. Edwin S. Gault. 3. Dr. Frank . Konzelmann. ,j. Dr. Acgerter discusses morbid pathologr in the museum. 5. Stneland and Bicrman sec Dr. Pcale run a frozen section. 0. Dr. Acgerter conducts brain autopss with l)is. Gault. Pictrolongo and Weston.BLOOD-LETTING—17th Ccn. PREVENTATIVE MEDICINE l)r. Hartley’s course was presented to us throughout the sophomore years. The good doctor and her many assistants lectured to us upon the important aspects of water supply, milk control, sewage disposal, vital statistics and the control and prevention of disease. Off and on during the year we made “field trips” to the Belmont Water Works, a sewage disposal plant, Abbott’s Dairy, and Sharp and Dohme’s Mulford Division. Dr. Hartley conducted most of these trips .carrying her roll book, which it was our pleasure to sign at the conclusion of the outing. As an added attraction to the course we were required to prepare and hand in a Public Health Survey of our home town. How we all envied the transfers who did not have to meet this requirement! Now with our country engaged in the present titanic world struggle the material presented to us by Dr. Hanley has assumed a major prominence. All of us will face vital problems of public health either in the field with our fighting forces or at home under wartime conditions. Surely, in the end. preventive medicine is the grand ideal toward which we all must work. Perhaps someday we shall participate in the great achievements awaiting Medicine in the prevention of disease. i. 3 4 i. Dr. Harriet L. Hartley, Professor of Preventive Medicine. Hygiene, and Public Health, e. Waiting for a ride home from Sharp and Dohmc with our samples. 3. The boys wait to sign the guest register! 4. Sewage disposal fascinates some—the springtime others.PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS U was Dr. Kay who first introduced us to this fascinating subject which seemed to glow with the art of medicine. “As Oslei once said"—Dr. Kay would frequently remark, and then go on to quote this great clinician whose observations still stand us in good stead. The lecture course served to introduce us to such pioneers in physical diagnosis as Auenbrtigger and Laennec; it first taught us that there is a logical approach to physical diagnosis through inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation; and it gave us didactic material on a subject we later learned could only be mastered at the bedside. Practical work on Friday afternoons was first aimed at acquainting the student with the normal and in smaller sections Drs. Kay. Ginsburg, Durant. McDaniel, Wood-house, and the Resident .Stall in medicine during the first semester gave instruction on normal finding on physical examination. The second semester was occupied by section work on the wards of Jewish and Episcopal Hospitals where the signs of disease were pointed out in contrast to the normal, and paved the way lor a better understanding of the clinical problems brought up in the third year. 1. Dr. James Kay. master of Physical Diagnosis, with his monaural stethoscope 2. Dr. Mark keeps track of the lectures by the student's weekly complaints. 3. Dr. Kay shows a ease of “Steeple-head." |. Dr. Learner helps Davidson with a physical. HDr. O. Spurgeon English, Professor of Psychiatry, makes his subject an interesting and practical study. PSYCHIATRY When we began to learn that almost everything we did or had done to us during the first years of our life affected our personality, Dr. Pearson gave us some swell material lor rationalization. This foundation, however, assumed importance as Dr. English used it as the basis ol therapy and psychoanalysis lor the neuroses which he discussed in detail with the Sophomores. Soon we had tauglu the idea but lor a short while everything we couldn't otherwise diagnose was labeled a neurosis. Dr. Gerald H. J. Pearson lectures on the development of personality. Dr. Edward Chamberlain, Professor of Radiology. master physician, physicist, and personality. Dr. George C. Hcnny works within maze of scientific apparatus. X-RAY The mysterious subject of Radiology first penetrated our minds as freshmen when a course was given which treated first with the tundamenial physics ol X-ray as presented by Dr. Hcnny. The biologic effects of these invisible rays was later discussed by another member of the stall to be followed later by slide-lecture presentations by Drs. Roesler, Young, and Ar-buckle. 1 his plan was continued during the sophomore year. Special oCectureA To give us a more complete outlook, special lecturers gave us talks on specialized subjects throughout the year. i. I)r. K. Cl. Faust. Professor of Parasitology at TulanC, talked about the parasitic infestations. 2. I)r. Stanley Rcinianii, Professor of Oncology at Hahnemann. demonstrated ideal tumor conferences. 3. Capt. E. C•. Hakansson, M.C., t'.S.N.. talked about the dysenteries, j. I)r. Gilbert Horax. Professor of Neuro-surgery at Harvard, told about the origins of neuro-surgery. 5. Dr. Faust discusses his exhibit with the students, ( . Dr. Edward T. Salisbury. Medical’ department of Cnited Fruit Co. talked about malaria. Dr. Virgil Moon of Jelferson and Dr. Joseph McFarland of Penn and others also contributed to this year's lecture series.OPPORTUNITY LOST Sir John went with our Sir Charles on a psychopathic bent Went out to PGH with demeanor quite intent. They went up to Womans West to see a colored gal Not suspecting for a moment that she had a couple of pals. Everything was going nicely as the gal began to talk When suddenly IT happened and Sir John let out a squawk. Not one gal the room supported, but suddenly six more. Sir Charles will tell you strongly there were two close by the door. Sir John he up and left ’em with “No ladies’ man am I; I’ll let you take 'em. Charlie, I'm not used to flying high. I’ll off and see the nurses and bring you back the chart.” Sir Charles with both lists swinging cried; "For God’s sake have a heart.’’ “Hawaiian babes I slay with ease, they can't resist my charm, But these here dames are quite too much—Hey, leggo my arm." Not-once he fell but twice, then thrice, the females howled with glee Sir Charles he threw them left and right, "You can’t do this to me." By now Sir John, his conscience pricked, returned to join the fray ’Tis Well he did or Charles would ne’er have seen Dawn’s light today. Now back to back with nurses’ aid they fought to dear the room. Sir Charles slugged the daft maids off before they sealed his doom. When once outside, the blood wiped off, their tete-a-tete was done The maids locked up, the bars slapped down, the victory was won. Sir John and Charles sat down to think what had the battle cost. No cuts or breaks but Charles was sad,—he had his great chance lost. That night in prayer to Lord above they heard Sir Charles say— "Oh, Lord, my chance has come and gone, but for one thing I pray, Next time six dames set out at once to get me by their craft, I care not be they black or white-LET NONE OF THEM BE DAFT.” By Joe Toland.LOUIS PASTEUR—1822-I$9f CLIRICAL1. Dr. Charles L. Brown. Professor aiul Head of the Department of Medicine. 2. Sokalchuk and Kreibcl share I)r. Lansbury's humor. 3. Sympathetic Dr. Durant goes over a problem with Moatz and Matthews, j. Scdwick's P.A. case is O.K’d by Dr. Farrar. MEDICINE For this we have struggled—"to look up and not down, to look forward and not back, and to lend a hand." The task was not an easy one. There were endless hours ol tedious study, of laboratories and clinics, and ol lectures. This is what it finally meant to us— the vital feel ol a bounding radial pulse under Astute, practical Dr. Bcckley takes time to show Mttrtagh and Garvin a medical case. Dr. Weiss’ psychosomatic clinic shows relation of psyche to disease.our lingers instead ol the cold, clammy feel ol the cadaver; the dean, exhilarating smell of the hospital in our nostrils in exchange for the miasmit compost of odors that filters out of the laboratories; the awesome, thought-provoking sight of a swollen heart dashing itself madly against the rib cage in place of long lines ol test-tubes, beakers, and flasks; the sound ol tell-tale murmurs and rales at the other end of our stethoscopes superseding the monotonous tick-lock of the clocks on our desks ticking away the hours while we read ponderous words in even more ponderous books. Medicine in the Junior and Senior Year was all that we had hoped for. 1. Dr. Swalm teaches Gastro-enterolog) from first-hand information. 2. Miller and McKay get the "inside" from Drs. Sterner and Honvitz. 3. Friendly Dr. Cohen points out TB to Matthews. McDonncl and Menendez. 4. Trimmer and Tyner watch Dr. Gold inject varicose veins. 5. The boys assist Dr. Miller with desensitization of allergy patients. 6. Dr. Tuft docs a skin test, which is OK with Dr. Blumstcin.Dr. Wolffe dictates a cardiology report. Cochran. Danford. Allen and Sawyer learn about ECC from Dr. Roesler Marks and Mabex conclude it's more fun to watch Dr. Donnelly checks with Lehman and Lucentc. than swallow a stomach tube. Dr. Davis and Dr. Reid see if a patient's diabetes is controlled. Dr. Wohl discusses a metabolic problem with Not'd. West and Wallace get help on a cardiac problem front Ownbcy, Nowell and Murtagh. Dr. Solofl.Dr. Klcinbart takes the pulse while Dannenberg and Richardson watch. We will never forget our sessions with Professor Brown for the clear-cut logic of his diagnoses. We will never forget Dr. Brown lor the little things we always seem to underrate and which somehow stay with us the longest—the ruddiness of his face and of his disposition, the sincerity and practicality of his teachings, and the way he used to sweat with honest effort during those hot summer clinics of the senior year. They were all there to assist us at any time. Dr. Thomas Durant was there with his sincere friendship, philosophy and ability to teach. From him we got complete notes on the heart and lungs and their diseases. Few ol the great treasures ol beauty have impressed us more than that memorable discourse he gave us following the loss ol his father. Many of us under similar trial will think ol his words for the equanimity that they can bestow upon us. Dr. Groff helps Ullrich and Tyner with a clinic patient. Buerger’s patients get an injection under Dr. Franklin's direction. l)r. Farrar helped us greatly with his down-to-earth policies and his sympathetic understanding. “Nobody around these parts ever sees any ol this anymore, but it's on the list and we might as well discuss it.” l)r. Lansbury injected his crisp vocabulary and crisper humor into his lectures and we were the better for it. Dr. Full gave his classical lectures on allergy. Dr. Davis lectured on dietetics and presided us with a few out ol the ordinary demonstrations ol diet preparation. Dr. Weiss drew from his ample store of knowledge and taught us much in nis quiet, ear-soothing fashion. Dr. Swalin lectured to us informatively on liver and G-l disorders. In the clinics and classroom perhaps no other department in the school has enabled us to broaden our outlook so much during this critical period in world history as has this group of men. Dr. Impcriale prepares for a ward section.SURGERY Surgery is practically the ‘‘staff of life" of the Junior and Senior years. First introduction to surgery conies during the Sophomore year when Dr. Giambalvo and Dr. Rosemond lecture on minor surgery including everything from burns to snake bites. Next year Dr. YV. Wayne Babcock, with his perpetual youthfulncss and vast store of knowledge and experience greets the members of the Junior and Senior classes at 8 A.M. on Mondays. In addition to words of wisdom from our patriarch and comments from the selected students, the lectures were supplemented by slides and moving pictures to give more details on the appearance of surgical specimen and methods of their removal. Tuesdays at 5 1 M.. Dr. Babcock continues with a conference of surgical experience and discus- Dr. William A. Steel's quiet confidence inspires l oih student and patient. Dr. John I . Enrich.1. Dr. Burnett is a special favorite and his lectures. clinics and surgerv arc tops. 2. Tuesday. 5-6 P. M.: Dr. Babcock and specimen. Dr. Ha lett. Dr. Holland and roll book. 3. Dr. Coombs dresses a patient in clinic. 4. Dr. Astlcy palpates an abdomen. 5. Dr. Coombs makes daily ward rounds. 6. Dr. Burnett investigates a mediastinal mass.Dr. Zaborowski goes in after a hot gall Madder. Dr. Caswell and "stall"—Sokalchnk. Stucland. Sargaitl. Scdwick and Snow—in action. sion with the surgical assistants about happenings in the O.R. Case histories and specimens also received careful consideration. Dr. Emory "Mose" Burnett lectures to the Junior class in his very stimulating manner and all are ready for a surgical emergency when his peptic ulcer ruptures. His enthusiasm, demonstrations and stories kept everyone conscious of the point under discussion. Wednesday’s at PGH found Drs. Burnett and Astlcy presenting cases to correlate the lecture material. Here we got a chance to see the staff practice what they preached. Dr. Astley also conducted his weekly. “What am I thinking” session for the Juniors. Dr. Coombs sees and hears from both classes. His steady, consistent but efficient manner is demonstrated to the juniors with practical demonstrations in the more common procedures and principles of surgery. In his Dr. Giaiubnlvo operates. Ruinsey and Robbins check with Dr stle . FIRST ETHERIZATION—DR. MORTON IMAi. Students oil surgical assist watch everything. 2. Macklcr and Morrow write up a ease. 3. Dr. Rosemond looks to sec. how the incision is healing. conference the Seniors review previous work and discuss new approaches 10 old problems. Dr. William A. Steel, another of Temple’s patriarchs, assisted by Dr. Giambalvo, gives lectures and demonstrations on traumatic surgery to the Juniors. The confidence of Dr. Steel’s patients and his pleasant manner will long be remembered. Senior year finds Dr. Burnett giving the diagnostic, pre- and post-op angles of his specialty of thoracic surgery as well as other valuable suggestions on technique and other practical subjects. In the Babcock ward juniors hold bedside conference while the seniors do histories and physicals. Here the sump drain, closed drainage systems and steel wire show their superiority. Here the student studies the results of what he sees being done in the O.R. The Juniors also get “wrapped up’’ in a 4. Dr. Leedom directs Toil burner in the dispensary. 5. Dr. Fiskc does ;i G-l anastomosis. special session featuring the various spicas. Gibson, Barton, and Velpeau bandages. In the accident dispensary with Dr. Leedom the seniors dress wounds, take out stitches: learn to use Balsam of Peru, wet dressings. Unna’s boots: and put on a decent useful Gibney boot. Surgical diagnostic clinic deals with hernias, tumors, G-B. appendix and the other surgical problems. The pay-off of the senior's surgery course is his chance to take his place at the operating table as a surgical assistant. This service teaches the technique of donning cap, mask, gown and gloves after the proper preparation; demonstrates operative technique and gives intimate association with the staff at work. It is only at this time that the student finally realizes that it will take more than lectures before he joins the ranks of those whom he now assists.OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY Dr. Thaddcus L. Montgomery. Professor and Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. GRAVIDA— MOO UipiH l According to most citizens who think that the facts of life are elementary, uncomplicated and otherwise chronically.uninteresting, obstetrics consists of somebody gathering a small bal out of somewhere, presenting it to the proud parents as though he had done something, and then quietly but emphatically demanding a fee. Well, friends, from the day Dr. Quindlen began his lectures in the Sophomore year to the final completion of that clinical notebook for Dr. Montgomery, obstetrics was a well-organized, well-prepared and well-complicated subject. The lectures in the Sophomore year taught us the normal anatomy and the physiology of the birth organs and tract and the mechanism of normal labor. We learned the normal pelvic measurements and all about the powers, the passages and the passengers in the various stages of labor. Through all this, Dr. Duncan operates with the aide assistance of Dr. Ales bury as Dr. Hobcnnan observes. Emeritus Professoi Arnold lectures on the Treatment of Eclampsia.patient, mild-mannered l)r. Qnindlen answered dozens of silly questions from us eager neophytes. In the Junior year Dr. Montgomery began the study ol normal and abnormal obstetrical conditions with a series ol lectures. Dr. Alesbury reviewed and detailed the tare ol the prenatal patient giving many sound points and hints about the management of this period. We also learned to watch weight-gain, blood pressure and various laboratory tests as evidence of the normal development ol the fetus and good condition ol the mother. Jovial Dr. Hoberman explained the various types of presentation and delivery and gave a never-ending supply of advice and encouragement to the boys in the back row who never seemed to be listening. Based on his wide personal experiences, Dr. Duncan dramatically discussed diverse developmental and acquired gynecological entities. We heard about retroflexion and retroversion, while colporrhaphy and other operations fixed various parts ol the injured birth canal. BID came to mean more than a government agency and we began to look lor the different types of discharges caused by G.C., strepts and staphs. Dr. Bceiham told us about the common neoplastic conditions ol the female genital tract and we prepared to do continuous Friedman's in suspected cases ol terminated hydatidiform mole or chorion-epithelioma. To top it off. Juniors spent ten days running to the delivery room at any old hour just to catch a glimpse of something more than a placenta. Meanwhile a series of conferences with Dr. Dr. Forman does a gvne operation with Dr. Dealing's help. Biinson and Hammers learn about the Arnold forceps from jovial Dr. Hoberman.Dr. Bcccham diagrams ihe cervix and adnexa for Dr. Miller points out delivery routine to Goldberg. Wicks. Pugh and Burbank. Bucher and Piltingsrud as they start the "inside." Dr. Friday docs a pelvic for Kremens and Gilliam Rumsey and Rodrigue see Dr. Hayford measure the fundus. Montgomery and members of the start gave the clinical side of obstetrical and gynecological problems of patients from the wards. Juniors and Seniors kept a complete notebook of the methods of diagnosis and treatment which is now a little textbook of the subject. Seniors enter one of their busiest and most interesting services when they spend two weeks in the O.B. clinic. The routine, general conduct and efficiency of the clinic is a pride of the department. Here we took histories and physicals, made prenatal progress notes, measured the funclus and listened for the fetal heart sounds, to say nothing of hunting for monilia or swimming trichomonae. I he piece de resistance in O.B. is the opportunity to conduct deliveries in the hospital At last we had the worries which I)rs. Alcsburv and Hoberman had predicted the Dr. Reynolds tells Poland and Ruber the labor is progressing satisfactorily. ■s »• Miss Wells tells Drs. Alcsbun and IJeechani al out the Dj-. Amsterdam wails in his oIIkc foi conferemc with clinic. Ik vs on the "outside." previous year. But at least we were at last on the way to adult practice in obstetrics. Beside attending the ward deliveries, we had the opportunity to observe and assist the members of the stall'. Along with our regular ward rounds we had several rounds with the nurses who always got playful when we were most sleepy. Alter a week we graduated to the home delivery service where we ran to all corners of the city to deliver a baby or a placenta in some shack with countless children hiding behind chairs and tables looking with awe at the man the eldest would designate as "da doc.” We wish to pay tribute to the careful planning, the gentlemanly conduct of the staff and finally their preparation, presentation and demonstration of their subject. I)r. Doming lies and drosses the cord and Credo's I he eyes. Gable and Connie return from die “outside" tired Imt happy Dr. Stewart shows a Friedman tost to Ginsburg. Goldberg and Pcnnys. THE HEADACHE W. HUELLE—1 AD-1 97 Dr. Temple Fay, Professor and Head of the Derailment of Neurology and Neurosurgery. NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSURGERY Wallace and Wentz study a problem with Dr. Silversicin. Dr. Scott and Levitox discuss the positive Hollman sign. Dr. Fay checks on the metal capsule freezing the brain about the area of a removed glioblastoma multiformi. Fresh from studying the anatomy and physiology' of the CNS, Dr. Gilpin takes the Juniors and soon has them doing fairly well out at PGH on the tough ones. Pleasant, straightforward Dr. Gilpin teaches neurology with emphasis on the general practitioner's viewpoint and approach. Comes the Senior year and Dr. Fay. Combining highly scientific information, careful observation and imagination, Dr. Fay constantly looks forward into new realms of treatment and cure. With special emphasis on an aggressive treatment of head trauma patients, the principles of dehydration to permit the brain to live, the study challenges us to treat cases most doctors neglect. Neurosurgical conference brings the brains of Ophthalmology, Otology, X-ray, Pathology and Neurology together for an exchange of ideas for diagnosis. It shows the methods of arriving at diagnoses, handling and treatment in these difficult cases. .Personable Dr. Gilpin is a class favorite. Nemo Conference on Mondays was always practical. Drs. Sloan and Wycis show Tabari some neuro-opluhalinologic signs. ANESTHESIA Temple Medical School scored again when it obtained the services of Dr. Woo bridge from the Lahey Clinic. Here is a man whose knowledge and insight of the subject of anesthesia is paralleled by a keen desire to have the student understand the principles and the fine points of his art. An anesthetic sensation has been known to be a part ol many a classroom. but strangely enough it had no part in the classroom where it was the chief subject. As a senior service anesthesia was a bright spot amidst the gloom of many less colorful clerkships. The balance of life and death was first intrusted to our eager but faltering hands by this service, and constant and careful observation of the patient kept our own pulse and blood pressure a bit on the elevated side. Dr. W’oodbridgc—master of Anesthesiology. Fisher holds for a spinal. Dr. Woodbvidge demonstrates the apparatus to Bieiman. Brinson and Bloscr.i. Kriebcl examines a baby under Dr. Anderson's watchful eye. 2. Dr. Waldo Nelson, Professor of Pediatrics. 3. Dr. Bariraui with Hess and Heebner check a patient's convalescence. j. Pediatric conference continues with Drs. Nelson and Gold! crg and Julia, Stewart and Snow. 5. Dr. Kendall and Reese look over another "2 by 2.” G. Roach and Rose think of sickle cells while Dr. Cuciuoita makes up his mind. PEDIATRICS In order to become acquainted with the normal physiology, medicine and surgery pertinent to early lile, the Junior students are introduced to Pediatrics. The chief, Dr. Waldo E. Nelson, with his characteristic slow, drawling speech and many pearls of wisdom, elaborates on the most important diseases with special stress on his favorites ol tuberculosis and diabetes. Capable and attractive Dr. Nina Anderson uses her spit fire style of delivery to teach the normal physiology of the newborn, factors determining normal growth and development, and a myriad pathological conditions common to this period. Dr. Lucchesi leaves his Municipal Hospital for Contagious Diseases to acquaint the Juniors with all the inlectious diseases from mumps to anterior poliomyelitis. In his entertaining way, interpolating an occasional choice and always-welcome story, he carefully expounds the etiology, incubation, signs and symptoms, stages, complications and treatment with many valuable points drawn from his extensive experience. In Pediatric ward the Juniors work up cases, discuss differential diagnosis and treatment and learn good pediatric technique. Practical Saturday conferences for Seniors with Dr. Nelson and assistants place emphasis on diagnostic problems—always hoping for some stray brain-storms to help the stalf! In Pediatric clinic and ward. Seniors take histories, do physicals (they have their difficulties), record impressions, suggest therapy, prescribe formulae and administer immunity to round out the course with finally putting theory into practice.i. I)r. Moore completes ;m open reduction. 2. Dr. Jolni K. M(k ic. Professor of Orthopedies. 3. I'tiesday on hoped i teamwork makes a good job of an intrncnpsulnr with a Smith-Peterson nail and the nullliplane 11 Horoscope. |. Dr. Seifer puts on a east undci Gable’s obseivation. 5. Sautrtla morning conference with a lateral scoliosis case. G. Gentle massage with warm water makes the recovery more rapid. For two years we went to the O.R. every Saturday morning to hear lectures from Dr. Moore in Orthopedics. The Junior course consisted of the study of malformations and infections and neoplastic disease. The subjects were often illustrated with actual cases. Occasionally Dr. Moore would demonstrate the interne or- any other available person as a normal. Talipes equinovarus, Shenton's line, Bryant’s triangle were new terms but they soon acquired significance. In addition to lectures, Juniors attended the orthopedic clinic where we observed theory being put into practice. Here we learned the importance of complete accurate historytaking, diagnosis, x-ray interpretation and treatment. The Senior year began with lectures on the physiology of bone repair and requisites for union. Mechanical and surgical methods of orthopedics were reviewed. ORTHOPEDICS When individual fractures came up, we were somewhat disturbed at the number which bore proper names. But on seeing patients and their x-ray films which were carefully explained, we finally caught on. At those early 8 A.M. lectures, still-sleeping Seniors would duck a finger pointing at them followed by a series of rapid-fire questions . . . “Somebody . . . anybody! Well what would you do? An open reduction?” The energetic, conscientious Dr. Moore would beg us to “jot it down—it's important!” Seniors were also given an opportunity of working in both out-patient department and ward for more practical application of orthopedic principles.Dr. Carroll S. Wright, Profcssot of Dermatology and Syphilology. Ur. Ficidm.ui discusses a case Rice and l'iliingsrud. with Dr. Wright and Dr. Guc |nirrc look o'er a case of alopecia. DERMATOLOGY AND SYPHILOLOGY i i Who is not reminded of the old maxim "Beauty is only skin deep" while listening to Dr. Wright and Dr. Freidman unfold the wonders of the "skin game." From the very first day we were confused over just what was and what was not a "macular, papular, squamous eruption.” Messy-looking and bewildering afflictions, all of which looked and sounded alike, began to differentiate themselves under the patient instruction of this department. The well-written little blue manual published by Dr. Wright occupied much of our time so that his big, ominous-looking roll record book would not catch us with our sacral dermatomcres exposed on quiz days. Junior year was made up of didactic instruction and Slide presentation of cases, while in the Senior year we were privileged to examine selected cases brought into clinic. Each section had its turn in out-patient departments where we began to learn dermatology. It was in Syphilology dial we learned the devastating effects "the great imitator” visits on those who stray from the straight and narrow. It was here, too, that we first tremulously learned to give intravenous neo and intramuscular bismuth to unsuspecting patients who did not know our student status! Dr. Gross looks on with the group to see if Muus and his bismuth needle can miss a huge target. Lehman hunts for a vein while Mabcy and Dr. Schwartz watch.RADIOLOGY 1. Dr. Chamberlain, x-ray genius, places a patient for Vogclcr and Klimas. 2. Grover and Kolinsky learn about fluoroscopy from Dr. Young. During the Junior year we were treated with a course on "Organ and System Pathology as Revealed by the Roentgen Ray." It was during these discussions that the student learned to appreciate the tremendous understanding Dr. Chamberlain had, not only of X-ray, but of physiology, anatomy, and internal medicine. The clinical-radiological Conferences of the Senior year pointed out the limitation and uses of the X-ray in diagnosis, and the radiologist was held forth as a consultant in various branches of medicine and surgery. Dr. Weiss presented the clinical history and physical findings in a given case and Dr. Chamber-lain or Dr. Young pointed out the value of X-ray in showing the way to a final solution of the case presented. 3. Dr. Aibuckle goes over a G-l scries with MucKcn ic and Fickcs. .j. Dunning secs how Dr. lilady and l)r. Gcmnicll give x-ray therapy. 5. Dr. Roesler docs an ortho-diagram of the heart. G. Davidson is the patient for Dr. Bird and Fisher.4. Dr. English points out psycho-somatic relations. i. Dr. Gibson can see minute conical lesions with the slit lamp. i. Dr. English makes psychiatry fascinating foi Muus. Pierson and Ochcnreidcr. 2. Dr. Pearson conducts a conference in child psychiatry. 3. Aftei interviewing the patient. Dr. Freed discusses the diagnosis. PSYCHIATRY Recovering from overzealous ambitions to call everything psychic difficulties, we worked up our own cases for PGM sessions where Dr. English showed his masterful technique for interviewing and handling patients. Seniors continued with clinic classes under Drs. English. Pearson and Freed. Finally in psychosomatic conference we learned that mental conflict can cause physical disease. OPHTHALMOLOGY The first semester of the Junior year finds us learning-through the untiring efforts of Dr. Lillie and Dr. Gibson—the relationships of the eye to intracranial lesions. Second semester treats (he intrinsic diseases of the eye. Practical work follows in the Eye clinic during the Senior year with essential points for internship and future practice. 2. Dr. Wolf treats a case with Lockhart as Drs. Gibson and kimmcl look on. 3. The Stall in Ophthalmology. 4. Dr. Kimmcl looks foi pathology in the eye clinic.,j. Hanford. Creighton and Cochran observe a Barony test by Hi. Kacblis. t. Friendly Dr. Roljcrt F. Ridpath is Professor R iVino-La r y ngology. 1. Dr. Ersner begins the operation as Allen watches a nerve block. 2. Dr. Matthew S. Ersner, Professor of Otology. 3. Dr. Greenway works on I'hrich while Todhnmcr approves. OTOLOGY The anaiomy. physiology, and pathology of the ear as presented by Dr. Ersner during the Junior year wound up with his wheeling into class a barrage of syringes and suction apparatus which he demonstrated in rapid succession. Senior lectures in the amphitheater found “Unde Matt” with gown, cap and gloves playing a radio and a phonograph while demonstrating the decibels of noise produced in a modern industrial plant. RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY Dr. Ridpath and Dr. Davis combined to give us Rhino-Laryngology for a short time in both Junior and Senior years. Slides and demonstrations plus an abundance of clinical material made possible by the Philadelphia sinusitis climate constituted the course. Here we learned about the all-important sinuses, and how to relieve suffering souls from this ever-present condition. 2. Dcgge, Graeber and Gilliam watch Dr. Dav is operate. 3. Dr. Anders and Bycrlv work on Todhmuer. .j. Dr. Davis demonstrates the Proctz treatment to Mabcv and Marks.i. Dr. Horsey Thomas, Professor of Urology. 2. Dr. McCrea demonstrates expert cystoscopic technique to Lehman. 3. Hanisck, Hammers and Grant go over some practical points with Dr. Fret . UROLOGY Dr. W. Hersey Thomas makes his lectures to the Juniors in Urology something to be remembered. A ready wit and a huge store of personal experience make a combination hard to beat. Assisted and complemented by lectures and clinics with Dr$. McCrea and Fret the Juniors and Seniors observed, diagnosed and treated cases in the hospital to complete the course. j. ZctIk:. Broun and male nurse Speck check postoperative conditions. PROCTOLOGY 1. Dr. Schneider and "stair make the diagnosis in clinic. Dr. Bacon, assuming the professorial robes of the late Dr. Hibschman, undertook to lead us through a detailed and complete study of the common and troublesome diseases of the anus, rectum and sigmoid colon. The final examination startled us, and the last question on “gene mutation of somatic cells in relation to disseminated adenomata” left us wondering why, after all, we hadn't taken up law. 2. Dr. Harry Bacon. Professor of Proctology, was editor of the hrst SKI LL 3. Proper usage of the Sigmoidoscope is employed by Dr. Eisenberg. 4. Another hemorrhoidectomy by Dr. Bacon.Dr. C. L. Jackson continues the work Dr. Chevalier Jackson developed I iron of his famous father. choscopy into an important speciality. Cahoon and Comaratta watch Dr. Norris in the bronchoscopic clinic. BRONCHO- ESOPIIAGOLOGY CLINICAL PATHOLOGY Near the end of the Junior year the student is led through the dark and relatively tin-chartered domain of Broncho-Esophagology by Or. Chevalier L. Jac kson. What lies therein becomes somewhat illuminated by the enlightening words, well-planned outlines and lantern slides of Dr. C. L. (whose father is well known for pioneer work in this field). However, it is not long before the student realizes how difficult it would he to teach anything but tlie principles in such a highly specialized subject. Chest conferences on Friday afternoons bring before the student the value of Bronchoscopy in the diagnosis and treatment ol numerous chest conditions. We wish to pay tribute once again to the Chevalier Jacksons, father and son, for their excellent accomplishments in the special technic) ties of Broncho-Esophagology. The role of clinical pathology as an aid to diagnosis could be expressed no more vividly than by Dr. Konzelmann, whose straightforward expression made each assertion seem like truth itself. In the Junior year students had experience at the autopsy tables at TUH and PGH under the direction of members of the pathol-ogy department. Again the Senior years found the students sweating with CBC's and urinalyses on the "merry-go-round." The outstanding correlation of disease and pathology in the ward and autopsy was held Tuesday afternoons with Dr. Brown making the diagnosis and Dr. Konzelmann giving the autopsy report. We were amazed by Dr. Brown’s clear, quick analysis which was nearly always right "on the nose." Dr. Broun discusses the diagnosis while Dr. Koiuelniann collects the bets. Pleasant Miss Spearing checks Goddard's count while Hazlctt and Johnson struggle along alone. GENERAL IIOSPITAL Our first contact with “Old Blockley” impressed us with its wealth of teaching material and busy expression on the intern's face. The Wednesday morning sessions during our Junior year could be written a an endless caravan of patients wheeled before us with bowel obstruction, cholecystitis, or peptic ulcer as outlined by Drs. Burnett and Astley; with schizophrenia, neurasthenia, or senile psychosis presented by Dr. English; with chorea, athetoses, multiple schlerosis, or alcoholic neuritis discussed by Dr. Gilpin. Wednesday afternoon sessions our. senior year continued PGH work as we struggled to find our section in neurology, gynecology, surgery, medicine, pathology, or urology. Practical instruction in these subjects was fortified with an abundance of clinical material drawn from the spacious wards, and if superman x-ray vision had allowed us to see the patho1-ogy under the epithelium of these patients a textbook could have been written at one silling. Not to be forgotten are Dr. Kleins clinico-pathological conferences in medicine where we always believed somebody told him the answer before we started. 1. Dr. Thomas Klein begins to tear apart Zerbe's diagnosis. 2. Dr. Konzclraann always looks on the atrial wall for rheumatic roughening. 3. You ask for the arrhythmia —Dr. Dom produces it for Burns and Burgoon. • . Dr. Gilpin finds the Babinski positive. 5. A paretic performs for Dr. English and the class. PHILADELPHIARUDOLF VIRCHOW- IS2H902 JEWISH HOSPITAL With the roar of the subway still in their gars Seniors attend classes at Jewish each morning and look |uite perplexed when Dr. J. C. Doane fires the question, “What is a bruiule-la-hydroliquc?” Ward sections present cases for Drs. Ik Goulcy, J. Weiner, Kaudcrs, A. Kai . and £. Abramson in small groups. Drs. Aillin, Kat . and Rosenfeld bring to. light pearls of applied therapeutics. Physical diagnosis is made more real by Drs. N. Blumberg and I). Kish back when many findings arc confirmed for the student by use of HHoroscope. Other highlights at Jewish are l)r. Truman's gastro intestinal conference and Dr. S. Goldberg’s pediatrics. t. Dr. Joseph C. Doane. Professor of Clinical Medicine. Dns. .isserman and Blnmlierg listen to Goddard's case. 3. l)r. Goldlrcrg gives a practical j ediaiii conference. Dr. I'uiiieii discusses a C-l problem with Dr. Fish-bach. 5. A case of snhacnlc bacterial cndOGtrdilis gels Dr. l)oatic’s sympathetic attention.Dr. Kay and Dr. Vogel meet in an Kpiscopal var l. Dr. Vogel demonstrates a patient for the diagnosis section. EPISCOPAL Physical diagnosis assumes more realistic form during the Sophomore year when students observe patients on these wards and apply the cardinal principles that Dr. Kay has taught them—inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation. In smaller sections Dr. Kay impresses the student with his keen eyes and gentle hands, while we never forget that a shock is a tapping sensation. Seniors in small groups go hack to Episcopal to again go over these cardinal principles and to round off the course in physical diagnosis with those numerous observations that Dr. Kay so often told us are not fairy talcs. Of all the subjects in medicine we feel that here is the one which will stand us in best stead in our future practice. MUNICIPAL At “Muny" Seniors see those troublesome contagious diseases that grandma knows most about. Each Tuesday and Thursday a small group brave the elements and dodge the tombstones to lake a peek at a maculo-papular rash. Dr. Lucchesi presents a variety of cases and it is here we may have heard the first “whoop” of pertussis, seen the first tracheal tube in use, the first Koplick spot, or seen the Kenny treatment of poliomyelitis in action. MacKcnzic amuses a young patient. Dr. Lucchesi and Dr. Weaver at die dedication of a Kenny treatment wal'd at Muni. (Phila. Record I’hoto.)M0m araBBs; ■' • y ty.wn.,.';'.: fi-y.y, Ir'vVJvtyv. I f v-VSIR VVM. OSLER—1849-1010 FRATERNITIESOFFICERS: Presiding Senior ..Manson Meads Presiding Junior. Charles Leonard Secretary .....Fred rich Murtagh Treasurer ... .Woodrow Wend ling. Judge Advocate ..William Garvin PHI CHI FACULTY: Jesse O. Arnold Mason Astlcy Robert Arbucklc W. Wayne Babcock Harry Bacon Allen Bcckley Franklin Benedict John Bower G. C. Bird John Emich George Farrar Philip Fiscella Worth Forman Sherman Gilpin G. P. Giambalvo Bradford Green S. Bruce Greenway Henry Groff Hugh Hayford D. J. Dennedy John Leedom Hesser Lindig Robert MacKinnon Edwin Mcllvain John Royal Moore Morton Oppenheimcr William Parkinson William Pritchard James Quindlen Chester Reynolds John Roxby Harold Roxby William Steele Barton Young F. T. Zaborowski SENIORS: Ed Lane Brinson Carroll Burgoon Thurman Dannenberg James Degge Keith Fischer William Garvin Roy Goddard Milton Grover Enoch Klimas Gerald McDonnel George Matthews Manson Meads Edward Morrow, Jr. Frederick Murtagh, Jr. Arthur Ricker E. Jerome Vogler, Jr. James Wallace JUNIORS: Albert Cross Herbert Fett Larry Greisemar George Grimes William Goodspeed Fenn Ralph Jack Rhoads Jarry Trapp Woodrow Wend ling George Race William Miliron Ralph Hagshead Charles Leonard Harry Draper John Emich Robert Nicholson Fountain Parrott Leo Szokalum SOPHOMORES: Edward Davis Joseph Florio Richard Himes Frans Marachek Mahon Myers Gene Sausser Henry Kruger Thomas Sisson James Watson Joel McCall Edward Morton Whitlow Show Miquel Tulla FRESHMAN: Howard Bedrossian Ralph Berry Schyler Bissell William Chapman Robert Craig William Dorrance Victor Hanson George Hopkins Richard Kay Steven Kurtz Clark Lentz Thomas Lyons John Milnor John Repetto Marshall Rumbaugh Thomas Sheehy A Saturday night parly at the house.Theta Upsilon Chapter The Theta Upsilon Chapter dates back to 1910 when Omega Upsilon Lambda, which had been founded at the Medical School in 1907, became affiliated with Phi Chi National Medical Society. A very active Alumni and a remarkable faculty membership have made the spacious chapter house at 1512 Allegheny Avenue possible. Under the able leadership of Manson Meads our senior year in the fraternity house has been particularly gratifying. We will always remember with pleasure the many happy occasions that we have enjoyed as members together—Saturday night beer parties. Founder's Day Banquets, Tri-Chapter dances, yes, and even the long bull sessions and the studying together. Many have gone before us, and there will be still more to follow when we arc gone, but we will always be proud that we were at least a small part in the moving parade that is active Phi Chi. The fraternity salutes you that have mastered your work, she reassures you who are on the brink of your careers, and ever faithful she turns back to encourage you who are still active members.OFFICERS: President.....William F. Hanisek Vice-President . .Franklin G. Zerbe Treasurer.......Donald P. Bloser Secretary........John W. Larson Steward..........Donald J. Casey PHI RnO SIGMA I FACULTY: Ernest Aegertcr James Nowell Harry G. Nesse Ralph C. Bradley Howard E. Pratt Franklin Watters Sacks Bricker Donald H. Rice John La zeri Joseph C. Doane Edward Uhrich FRESHMAN: John F. Huber Franklin G. Zerbe Andrew Adams Robert S. Huffner JUNIORS: Paul Casey Thomas Klein William J. Brensinger Lee Cordrey Pascal Lucchesi Herbert Miller Albert Fulton ? . A. Mitten Thomas Wagner, Jr. Edwin Kistler Robert Rid path SOPHOMORES: George LeWorthy W. Horsey Thomas Howard N. Baier John Liebler SENIORS: Donald J. Casey Anthony Moats, Jr. H. LeRoy Allen Joseph Conrad Joseph Moylan Donald Bloser William Evans Merle Pickett William F. Hanisek John Larson Earl Reber Clarence Lehman Richard G. Martin Robert Richards Kenneth Smith Relaxation aflct meals in the | parlor. A popular corner in the game room.Alpha Lambda Chapter Phi Rho Sigma was founded on October 31, 1890, by Milbank Johnson at Chicago, 111. Tin's date, October 31, has since been observed as Founder’s Day by all the chapters throughout the country. The Alpha Lambda Chapter was founded at Temple in 1932 through the efforts of Drs. Robert Ridpath, Norman MacNcill, and the late Drs. A. C. Morgan anti Harry Hibschman. Fraternity activities are centered about the house at 3232 North 16th Street where the stimulating discussions may drift from medicine to politics, the war, economics, or other topics of timely interest. At intervals faculty members present fireside talks on the broader aspects and the Art of Medicine. These are of value in helping the student chart a future course in medicine. The climax to the social season is the annual Tri-Chapter Dance held at a downtown hotel where the members of this chapter broaden their acquaintances to include those of Penn and Jefferson. Phi Rho is justly proud of its program of character building, culture, scholarship, and in the development of a sense of professional responsibility. bridge is a fascinating pastime. Rice is a dead-eye or the picture is faked!OFFICERS: President . .Charles O. YVagenhals Vice-President, Walter W. Sawyer, Jr. Treasurer........Harle B. Grover Secretary ........J. Albert Eyler District Deputy, W. Edward Chamberlain ALPHA KAPPA KAPPA I FACULTY: W. Emory Burnett W. Edward Chamberlain Thomas A. Durant Frederich A. Fiske EugeneC. Fov faques P. Quequierre Chevalier Jackson John A. Kolmer A. Neil Lemon Joseph S. Lynch Waldo E. Nelson Earl A. Shrader Harry T. Stewart Staughton Vogel SENIORS: Frank Richardson Walter Sawyer, Jr. Charles Wagenhals JUNIORS: I)on T. Bashline George A. Dietrich Clay F. Gibson Harle B. Grover John H. Kolmer Karl A. Osborne SOPHOMORES: Samuel Barr Augustus Ciel James Dill J. Albert Eyler Thomas B. Johnson Frederick V. Lichenfels Matthew Mansuey George A. McCloskey William A. Nickles Robert J. Snyder George J. Urban Charles Ziegler FRESHMAN: Robert J. Alesbury Joseph W. DeLosicr Frederick Durham Charles P. Gieson Walter J. Helslng N. B. Livingston, Jr. Robert Mather Robert O. May William McCafferty Robert M. ReesBeta Omicron Chapter On September 29, 1888, a group of students at Dartmouth Medical School met and organized the Alpha Kappa Kappa Medical Fraternity. The aims and purposes of the fraternity were social intercourse, mental development, scholarship, and mutual assistance. Those were broad purposes but we of Alpha Kappa Kappa feel they have been accomplished and are being carried on. The Beta Omicron Chapter was granted its national affiliation on May 7, 1932. Thanks go to Dr. W. Emory Burnett and to the charter members for establishing a chapter which has gone far toward making our medical education more interesting, more practical, and even at times more tolerable. The fellowships enjoyed, the common interests shared, all part of our fraternity life have contributed in making that life something to be looked back upon in the future with pleasant recollection. This scholastic year, started in times of emergency, certainly has not lacked variety. We've had a lot of fun in Alpha Kappa Kappa and extend our wishes for those in the coming years to enjoy our fraternity as much as we have.OFFICERS: Archon .........Joseph F. Mabey Vice-Archon .....Erling J. Nord Set retd )•) • Treesu rer, O. Ernest Grua PHI BETA PI FACULTY: Clayton Beecham H. L. Bottomly James E. Bowman Charles L. Brown J. Norman Coombs T. Carroll Davis Charles O. De Lucca Dan J. Donnelly J. V. Farrell Glenn G. Gibson L. Vincent I Iayes Frank YV. Konzelmann Edward Larson Walter I. Lillie Savere A. Madonna C. K. Miller Charles S. Miller Herbert Raines J. N. Richardson Melvin A. Saylor Henry Schneider Scott L. Verrei Edward Weiss Jack Welty SENIORS: Robert B. Cochran Louis H. Creighton Kenneth A. Danford Joseph F. Mabey J. Myer Muus Erling J. Nord Harold R. Piltingsrud Philip F. H. Pugh Robert A. Rogers JUNIORS: Tracey E. Barber Clayton Behrens Raid B. Chappell Max F. Day O. Ernest Grua Jack H. Hall William P. Hauser Bernard Hutchinson John E. Ruud Edward T. Ruud William N. Spear P. Dale Thompson Oliver S. Uthus Kent F. Westley SOPHOMORES: Newton H. Copp Grant B. Hughes Harold F. West FRESHMAN: Glenn L. Barnes Arthur M. Burton Samuel Gladding John K. Cross Richard K. Gorton William J. Kelley Joseph Krcsok Changing records at an evening swing session. Cross entertains at the piano.Beta Eta Chapter Phi Bela Pi is represented on the Temple campus l y Beta Eta Chapter, which until 1934 was 1 he Upsilon Chapter of Omega Upsilon Phi. In that year a merger of the two fraternities was effected, largely through the efforts of Drs. T. Carroll Davis and Edward Larson, and Beta Eta emerged as a representative of a progressive national fraternity numbering over .jo chapters in leading medical schools of the country. Dr. Larson is now Eastern Praetor of the fraternity and serves with Dr. Henry Schneider as advisor to our chapter. Other faculty members exhibit an ever-increasing inter- est in the group and frequently spend an evening in reminiscence or instruction at the house. “Home” is at 3327 North 16th Street, where frequent open-houses are held to foster the fellowship Phi Beta Pi embodies. Recent improvements in the property have made these get-togethers even more enjoyable. An able corps of officers, backed by enthusiastic faculty members, have led Beta Eta Chapter to a new high point in the realms of scholarship, fellowship, and loyalty to Temple. Discussing the location of the foramen spiuosum! Action in the recreation room of the Phi Beta Pi house.OFFICERS: Primarius...........Miles F. Dills Sub-Primarius ..George G. Wyche Gustos......Thomas A. McGavin Scribe.........Bernard A. Bcllcw PHI ALPHA SIGMA FACULTY: J. Garrett Hickey Wilmer Krusen S. L. YVoodhouse, Jr. J. Roy Van Meter Charles H. Grime M. J. I-IufFnagel George McReynolds T. R. Wolff SENIORS: Robert Allen Francis A. Ambrose Victor J. Bierman Miles F. Dills Joseph E. Gable Rodrigo Mcndez-Corrada William T. Reed Ervin E. Rodrequez Joseph J. Toland JUNIORS: Louis J. Cenni, Jr. William S. Freeman, Jr. Bernard A. Bellew Robert S. Spencer George G. Wychc John C. Urie Richard R. Gove, Jr. SOPHOMORES: William T. McKinney, Jr. Thomas A. McGavin Arthur W. Faust, Jr. Robert T. Puncheon Joseph H. Swift, Jr. Frederich C. Steller Peter C. Yankauskas FRESHMAN: Dominii A. Mauriello Arthur R. McKinley Winfield S. Morgan Louis L. Pearce Henry Rzonca William J. Short Samuel $. Shorter Ralph T. Uber Gathered around grandfather’s clock. The bull's-eye is mighty small—(what, another faked hit?)Iota Chapter Dr. Nathan B. Van Ettcn. former president of the American Medical Association, founded Phi Alpha Sigma in 1886, at the Bellevue Hospital Medical College. The' Iota, youngest of its chapters, was established at Temple in the spring of 1932 by Drs. Wilmer Krusen. Samuel B. Huddcn, and Nelson B. Davis. There is a spirit of good-fellowship, sincerity and understanding at Phi Alpha Sigma. Harmony is the keynote. Frequent informal meetings with mutual interchange of ideas has done much to promote this attitude. Emphasis is laid upon scholastic achievement. The members of the Iota Chapter are constantly striving to maintain Talking it oi in the living room. the good reputation of the fraternity in this regard. During the school year the fraternity gives colorful banquets to which the members ol the laculty are invited. These occasions are always outstandingly successful. At various times guest speakers are invited to address the members on topics of particular interest. Iota regularly joins with her sister chapters in festive reunions, keeping alive contacts with the fraternity in other medical schools. Whether at work or at play Phi Alpha Sigma has always been friendly, cooperative, and sincere. The important part of the recreation room.OFFICERS: Consul..........Raymond Penneys Vice-Consul......Victor Kremens Scribe............Bruce Mackler Chancellor ...William S. Robbins Senator.........Jay H. Davidson PHI DELTA EPSILON FACULTY: Simon Ball Nathan Blumberg T. S. Caplan Louis Cohen S. W. Eisenberg Mathew S. Ersner Isidor Forman Frank Glauser Martin Gold Samuel Goldberg J. N. Grossman Sydney Harberg Maurice S. Jacobs Nathan M. Levin David Myers Irving Rush Saul P. Savitz Michael Scott Harry Simpkins Louis A. Toloff Edward A. Steinfeld Henry J. Tumen E. M. Weinberger Sydney Weiss Michael Wohl Joseph B. Wolffe SENIORS: Jay H. Davidson Victor Kremens Bruce Mackler Morton Marks Raymond Penneys Lester Rauer William S. Robbins JUNIORS: Henry Dudnick Joseph T. Gordon Robert Robbins Milton Sarshik Harold Schwartz Bernard Siman SOPHOMORES: Bernard Adelman Theodore Blumberg Robert Brooks Byron Clyman Herman Dcchcrney Morion Eisenberg Bernard Eisenstein Melvyn Gardner Donald Ottenberg Paul Steinhorn Arthur Stieffcl FRESHMAN: S. P. Bralow, Jr. Albert J. Finestone Theodore F. Gerso . Harold A. Greenberg Zachary Schlaff Seymour M. Shore Seymour Siegel Talking it over in the corner. Mean rhythms and harmony at the piano.Sigma Chapter . . the fraternity has been established to promote good fellowship, equality and unity among its members; to encourage the highest standards of achievement in the science and art of medicine; and to maintain the highest standard of either in the practice of medicine. . . With this quotation from the preamble of the constitution of the national organization, the Sigma Chapter here at Temple presents its aim and purpose. Scientific activities this past year have been highlighted by a series of symposia on medical subjects of current interest presented by both faculty and student speakers. The social program traditionally ranges from stag sessions to several formal dances and banquets given throughout the year. The fraternity was founded in 190.} at the Cornell Medical School by a group of eight students. Today Phi Delta Epsilon ranks with the larger national medical fraternities and has sixty-two active chapters in the United States. Checking lip on ;m i hi porta n l point. Resting before swinging into action.OFFICERS: Superior.......Samuel Chachkin Chancellor.....Maurice Goldberg Scribe ...................Jacob Zatiechni Exchequer .....Bernard Margolis PHI LAMBDA KAPPA FACULTY: Morris Brody Herman Gold Louis K. Hoberman Isadore Katz Morris Kleinbart Joseph Levitsky Jerome Miller Herman Snyder Louis Tuft SENIORS: Samuel Chachkin Abraham Ginsburg Maurice Goldberg Nathan S. Kolinsky JUNIORS: Bernard Margolis M. Frccmin SOPHOMORES: Jacob Zatiechni FRESHMAN: Charles Reiner little review in usteoloj’}. Golril cig returns a fast one.Alpha Iota Chapter Phi Lambda Kappa Medical Fraternity was founded at the University of Pennsylvania in 1907. It has grown and expanded rapidly until today the fraternity has active chapters in forty medical schools. In 1928 the Alpha Iota Chapter was founded at Temple Medical School. The spirit and purpose of the fraternity is well summed up in the following: “To foster and maintain among the Jewish medical students and doctors a spirit of fraternalism and of mutual aid and moral support; to promote and advance the concept to instill and maintain in the hearts of all members a love and a loyalty to their Alma Mater and its ideals; to inculcate such ideals as will result in actions worthy of the highest precepts of human endeavor.” The Temple Chapter shares the frater-nitv house at 1128 Spruce Street with the other Philadelphia Chapters. In addition to its regular business meetings and scientific presentation the fraternity's many parties and socials serve to create a bond and mutual interest between the students of the various schools in Philadelphia. Kolinsky really can play a piano. Pulling on some music for dancing.BABCOCK SURGICAL SOCIETY OFFICERS on ora ry Presiden I W. W. Babcock, A.M., M.D., LL.D.f F.A.CiS. President William A. Sieclc, B.S., M.D., F.A.C.S. Vice-President John P. Emich, M.D. Student President Arthur E. Brown Secretary John P. Emich, Jr. SENIORS Arthur E. Brown Carroll F. Burgoon William J. Garvin Bcnj. N. Hammers William F. Hanisek Samuel M. Ha lett Robert H. High John K. Kit miller Victor Krcmcns Clarence L. Lehman Edward R. Luccnte Joseph F. Mabcy Bruce Mackler Manson Meads Frederick Murtagh Raymond Penneys Lester Rauer Sidney CL Sedwick Andrew Sokalchuk Wm. I). Todhunter JUNIORS 1). L. Bash line A. L. Bryan L. J. Cehni, Jr. I). W. Clare A. J. Cross P. Emich. Jr. . C. Fen, Jr. H. Flcischman W. S. Freeman L. C. Griesemer O. E. Grua J. H. Kolmer j. W. Lachman S. A. MacKinnon W. H. Malmey J. E. Miller G. F. Parrott J. M. Rhoads A. L. Vadheim. Jr. M. 1). Yoder SOPHOMORES H. J. Casey A. Colley J. N. Did, Jr. W. T. Hall J. I). Hallahan L. Krum|)erman M. M. Mansuy E. I). Morton W. M. Meyers D. J. Ot ten bergA year following the thirty-fifth anniversary of the Surgical Society finds our world locked in combat where new fields are opening for aspiring young surgeons and where great strides are being made in the care of the wounded. Ever since its organization in 1907 the chief aim ol the society has been to present recent advances in the field of surgery by means of student papers, general discussion, and by speakers, from our own fatuity or from other hospitals, who are well versed in a particular aspect of surgery. It boasts today of being the only undergraduate medical society in the United States which has existed for thirty-six years under its original name, and with its original Patron still an active surgeon. The social side of the student's life is augmented each year by the traditional banquet or picnic. Dr. Zaborowski entertains the group frequently with his beautiful koda-chrome slides of the professors in a less dignified role. The pictures of Dr. Babcock's fishing trips to Canada impress one with this great man's youthfulness and his ability to cast off the cares of a busy practice. In the selection of students for the society the points taken into consideration are scholarship, personality, and character, l en members of the sophomore class are chosen from a list of applicants by the faculty committee, ten more arc added the junior year by vote of the society making a total of fifty members. In the course of future events those things which will remain most vivid in our memory will be our associations with great men who have devoted their lives to a profession that will stand above all others.Top row: Drs. Bransford, Stauller, Wycis, Norris, Hin-in;m, Caswell, Dean Parkinson, Chief Resident Saul, Pietrolongo, Hymen, Markle, Friday. Seated: Dis. Seifer, Kinnncl, Long. Roxby, Denting. Learner. Top row: Drs. Kligcrman, Ermilio. Lawrence, Chief Resident Saul, Piscrchia, Ealy, Hazlctt. Bottom row: Drs. Reid, Bvnngardncr, Hall. Dean Parkinson. Richardson. Wesner (dental), Hosncr. RESIDENTS INTERNESDIRECTOR OF NURSING We dropped in 10 see Miss Lofius. With a graceful wave, she indicated chairs on the opposite side of her desk, and we advanced toward them, already warmed by the friendly glow in the depth of her gray eyes. She pushed aside the shea! of papers she was studying, as though there were not a half million more important subjects awaiting her consideration. With her typical directness, she stated that her preference above all other types of nursing administrative positions is that one which offers opportunity for working with student nurses. Creating a warm atmosphere and building a friendly spirit of cooperation among her co-workers arc the objectives in all her decisions. But her personality is not all hospitalized. Her very diversified knowledge of present-day affairs and trends of human nature has been nourished by extensive lours in our own country as well as abroad. Her interest in the theater and the legitimate stage is one of long standing, but as less conservative pastime, she excels in Chinese checkers and bridge. Instead of offering the proverbial red apple, extend an invitation to mid-afternoon tea, have red roses on hand, you will have begun to win her approbation. As the first class to graduate under Miss Lofius’ administration, we wish to show our appreciation for the numerous privileges at our disposal, and to wish her happy years at Temple U. Hospital School of Nursing.ADMINISTRATION HEM) SURSES Upper I. to r.: Misses Chamberlin, Xodziak, tinea-weaver, Tilcv, Schciblc, Simpkins. Tusscy, Baldowski, Eschelmir iM'cr I. to r.: Misses 1’olinkn, cuman, Dill, Corielmi, Kelly, Cioli, Anderson, Deremer Miss McGloiic Miss Norman Miss Jones Miss Erickson Mix 0(1PRE-CL1NICAL PERIOD Came the dawn . . . and heretofore leisurely risers jumped at the first warning of an alarm clock. Came anatomy and chemistry . . . and a mending of the fax nays tee did studying in high school. Came Mrs. Chase ... amiable and congenial no matter what the mistake. Came our uniforms and away with patent pumps and jitter-bug skins tor daytime wear. Tilings new and intriguing appeared . . . the old familiar talk lapsed into the background. "Time is the essence of the contract"... there simply were not enough hours in the day, and the relentless passage of time (especially playtime) was made increasingly apparent. The Saturday night midnight deadline seemed so dose; why did the end of the micro lab keep its distance? Six months of acquiring information, manual ability, friends . , , the beginning of firmly tied bonds to Temple University Hospital.Rear, 1. to r.: Conti, Shelley. Krepps, Blaha. Cunningham. Barstler, Klotz, Brodi. Cope. Mack. Brulc Miller, Wcast. Petrovich, Waleceivich Center,-1. to r.: Sokolnici. Zapor. Zamalis. Van Cam pen, Arledgc, Laurence. Van Wagner. Caldwell Wilson. Puncheon. Wiles. Dougherty. Nanovic Barnes. Cowley. Davis Front, 1. to r.: Heid, La Torre. Drake. Martincc Meyers, Earle, Milford. Hall. Heath. Hanna. Simon olL Trancek. Gilger, Hocken, Campbell. Goodyear Goodyear, PurcellOn duty now with newly earned dignity in the form of a starched cap and bib . . . putting into practice all the procedures which seemed inane when we first heard of them . . . “cleanliness next to Godliness” seemed the order of the day, with baths, beds, and improving the appearance of the ward. . . . An intern said “good-morning” today ... a patient gave us a box of candy . . . oxygen tent and adrenalin proved useless in that case this afternoon. . . . Student Association dues and formal . . . our first efficiency records to sign. . . . ( :$o a.m. at Chapel is a definite appointment, wc learned . . . Wissa-hickon Creek for us on Sunday long-days . . . white-jacketed figures making ward work interesting . . . unbelievably oppressive fears of night duty . . . marvels of the ellicacy of a placebo . . . new uses for old hot water bottles ... a new name, oil-repeated and significant-----"NUR-R-RSE”INTERMEDIATES Umm-m nice—the stripe does interesting things to the cap . . . we move up a line in chapel . . . reach breakfast one class sooner . . . doctors treat our suggestions as if we do have some knowledge, alter all . . . added responsibility . . . now teachers as well as students—underclassmen are openly envious . . . dread of night duty dispelled . . . we use medical terms like veterans . . . can tell endless moron tales . . . spend our afternoon off-duty at an eleven-tent movie with a seven-cent ice cream cone . . . Wednesday night caravan across Broad Street . . . new seniors in new rooms—1421 and 1423 . . . rumors of shortened training period . . . Bedtime stories in Children’s Ward . . . quaking with fear at our first “scrub” . . . trudging the miles from 400 to 419 . . . todays the first—are your case reports in? . . . going to sleep, sleep, sleep, on pur day off . . . who spilled the white shoe polish? . . . where's the receipt for my watch at the repair shop?.. . . how many more hours to the finishing date? . . . a taste of white but back to pink . . . the end ol three full years . . .Upper 10 t. . KonoU e. RusseH. Oakes. Meyers. R. Gross. BouYdin. Homa. Odc cs o.. Jatvnski. ana-vage. GimbatuV.. V . Gross. bridges. Kunach, Fisber. Kurnev. ftenc'"t. CooV.. Z.avosVy, Fdiciam. MctW an . Johnson Lower . lo r.: Parron. OberVioKrer. DWiticciuo. Cut' uss. Harris, KcUow, Jones. Ne ms. Kossacb. CViuiko. bd wards. I'oimic. Sv ch cr. 7.u icV.Miss L. Frank Miss E. Shenk Miss G. Simpkins Miss E. Dinkekicker WORK BY I IGHT From inspect ion at nine to morning report at seven . . . delicious rest all day long . . . spoken of as “hibernation” . . . Bob's frappe at 3 a.m. . . . and G.M. all . . .AFFILIATION As an extra course ol instruction. Senior student nurses may affiliate at Municipal Hospital lor Communicable Diseases. There they are drilled in the techniques of the cures and prevention of spread of infectious diseases, with classes and practical work on the wards. As added attractions are the nurses home, the fewer working hours, the opportunity for exchange of ideas with students from other hospitals.STUDENT ASSOCIATION The Student Association ol me nursing school has, as its representation to the nursing school Office, a student council. Chosen by vote front the three classes, the girls on council meet to discuss problems of student happiness and errors in student behavior. As an extra-curricular activity. a formal dance, the high-spot of the late winter, is held annually at Mitten Hall. To new students and to newly-capped Juniors, as they join the association, is given a handbook containing all of the rules and suggestions set by the nursing school office, concerning all, from hours in the nurses home to where to place soiled laundry on Wednesday night.President: Thelma Kemp; Vice-Pies.: Belle M. Jones; Secretary: Anna Biasco; lreasurci: Mary Hcdcsli SKULL STAFF Editor: Grace Licbcnnan; Coed.: Jane Tompkins; Literary Editors: Betty Lester, Justine Yuikovich; Photography: Grace Belli, Susan Sclkrcgg (with due thanks and appreciation to Norman Mackenzie); Business Manager. Alice Belekanich.0 DEDICATION Throughout our years as student nurses, with the first questioning in our minds, the first rise of doubt, it's been—“ask Miss White. She ll know”—Materia Medica? Anatomy? Ethics? Homesickness? Alter Miss White explained it, there wasn’t even a vestige of the problem remaining. With years of experience and a fondness for young people, she knows the best prescription for curing the blues, or Hunkees, or a bedsore, or procrastinators, even a dull party. You know Miss White, even those of you who have not had the good fortune to be one of her pupils. You recognize her as the dignified lady in crisp white with Victorian collar, toward whom all eyes turn and to whom everyone listens respect-fully, realizing that her words hold value. Her eyes sparkle and with her hearty laugh, she puts everyone at ease; it was a matter of course that the Class of June, 1943, should choose her as class director and advisor. In appreciation lor her assistance, in admiration for her extensive knowledge and willingness to share it, in fondness for a woman of such an endearing personality, we unanimously and appropriately dedicate the nurses' portion of the Skull of 1943 to Rena L. White.MARY J. AN I ENL'CCI Philadelphia, Pcnna. ANN A M. RARRE I I Philadelphia, Penua. (JR ACE E. RE HR Xllcmown. Penria. 2 2 I A LICK Bl.LEKAMCH Ha elion, Penna. the presence of this assembly to pass my ANNA M. BRASKO Philadelphia, Pcnna. MARY E. CALABRESE Philadelphia, Penna. 222VIOLA LA V„uW. New J« • ISAUEL M. C AKSOK Vhi uc c Uia, Venna. KATHLEEN 1 DAHLEN Belleville. Penna. life in purity and 10 practice my profession 223HELEN DEMYANOVICH Lansford, Penna. faithfully. I will abstain from whatever is ELIZABETH A. GRIB BIN Shamokin. Penna. WINIFRED HARDING Pen Argyl, Penna. 22. MARA 1IEDESH Cdaldale. Penna. I HELM A MAE KEMP Philadelphia, Penna. KATHERINE A. LEECH Philadelphia. Penna. deleterious ancl mischievous, and will not 223BETTY L. LESTER Newport News, Virginia take or knowingly administer any harmful ELEANOR T. MOSIER Cynwyd, Penna. MARY M. OLTEAN New Castle, Penna. 22GDORIS MAE PAR SO.VS Pen Argyl, Penna. M R IMA PE PERSON Philadelphia. Penna. RIEN1 C. SCHERER Binghamton, New York power toDORIS IRENE SQUIER Nicholson, Penna. maintain and elevate the standards of RUTH STOKES Wildwood. New Jersey ELSIE JANE I'OMERIN’S Balboa, Canal Zone 228MARION I.. WERNER Shippciisbmg. I’enna. DORIS YOCl'M Lewisb'iirg. Renna. MILDRED M SKOSKI Mi. Carmel. Eenna. my profession. and will hold in confidence 229PAD line ZABOROWSKI .Shenandoah, Penna. KATHRYN R. BOWMAN Delano, Penna. BETTY E. CRAYTON Leinovne, Penna. all personal matters committed to my 230JUNE C. CULVER West Piusion, Penna. BETI’V L. HALE l.enioyne. Penna. BE I n. M. JONES Miiic-j s ille. Penna. keeping, and all family affairs coming 231GRACE M. LUMBERMAN Chicago, Illinois ELIZABETH MAYNARD Mincrsvillc, Eenna. F. JEAN MORRISON Mincrsvillc, Pcn'na.MARIE l MIR MAX. Wilkes-Bane, Penna. IRENE RIEBE Lansford. Penna. SUSAN SELKREGG Northeast. Penna.BE ! I V S. SHAW Poitsvillc. Pcnna. DOLORES J. SMITH Philadelphia, Pen ha. MARION L. WESTON Media, Penna. to aid the physician in his work, and devote 234ANNA M. WILES New Cumberland, Eenna. | LS I INE N. YURKOVICH Bcmleysville, Renna. myself to the welfare of those committed to my care." Florence Nightingale Pledge 235Compliments of Broad and Locust Philadelphia CARL'S BEAUTY SHOP 3426 Germantown Ave. Philadelphia SI ®a5® 3642 North Broad St. Philadelphia 236TECHNICIANS OF 1943 This is a two-year record of our varied experiences as student technicians . . . experiences which we will always remember. From our first "coag" to our last quiz in Bacteriology our time was spent trying to absorb what seemed then to be an endless number of technical terms, theories, and procedures, but our student days are over and we are honored to be able to join the ranks of our profession. Front: Marjorie Haas, Parasitology; Catherine Clarkson. Histology; Ruth Rotman, Urinalysis; Katherine Collins, Bacteriology; Elsa Lynch, Serology. Back: Bcttic West, Hematology; Frances Osborne. Bacteriology; Sybil Kahn, Allergy; Constance Woodring, Hematology: Janet Griest. Bacteriology; Miriam Benton, Blood Bank; Kim Ralph. Chemistry; Ixnor.i Clements, Hematology.Luca D. D'Agostino New field, N. J. Temple University Cecelia Marie Chemerda New Castle, Pa. Temple University Sarah N. Bruce Wilmington, Del. The King's College Temple University Ruth Elizabeth Baker Newport News, Y'a. University of Missouri Catherine C. Eck York. Pa. 1 emple University Mithaclinc B. Fiala Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Norma E. Pick Sharon. Pa. Thiel College Gertrude Anne Finan Glcnolden, Pa. Temple University Rebecca Finnic Norristown, Pa. Bates College Helen Louise Gales Freeport, Pa. Temple University I Jk Doris Virginia Garren Hatboro. Pa. Temple University Lydia M. Hcnseling Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Nancy Hewes Chester. Pa. Temple Univcisity Kleanor Hope Reiman Derby. Conn. Iemple University Greta l.amhvehi Weisloth. Germany Iemple University Mary Mullah) Amhler. Pa. Temple University belly Craig Wilson Washington. D. C. American University Temple University Esther Went el Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Nellie Jane Marshall Mason low n, Pa. West Virginia University Iemple University VHEMATOLOGY TYPING Ii hardly seems possible that the first three months of onr training could have passed so quickly. Remember the day we took a peek into the microscope and gasped at the idea of counting all of those cells . . . and how proud we were when we had mastered the automatic counters and could make the lab sound as if it were hailing on a shingle roof . . . the day we took our first count and were so nervous we almost swallowed the aspirator . . . the intricacies of putting the clamps on hematocrits . . . trying to decide whether granules were neutrophilic, basophilic or azurophilic and the proper identification of the Turck Irritation cell . . . learning that while Miss West might not always be right about differentials, she was never wrong. Then in Typing—still in the Hematology lab, but elevated to typing and crossing bloods for transfusions . . . mastering the complexities of agglutinins and agglutinogens . . . our jingle for remembering the crossing set up: Patient’s serum in the bottom and the donor's in the top, Reverse it for the cells, don’t forget to mix it op. Dr. Konzelman’s tragic story of the RH positive fathei and the RH negative mother . . . our pride at showing-off the streamlined Jones basal metabolism machine . . . and complications with the parallel ruler. "No kibitzing, please." Hematology is such a solemn business. "One-stick-Hine" at work. "Yes. 110% hemoglobin is possible.”CLINICAL PATHOLOGY Then, of course, we could just give up laboratory work and revert to the class room. Bacteriology every morning at nine, Chemistry on Thursday at one. Clinical Pathology, Physiology, Parasitology. “When will these Blood Counts be taken, when those crossings be read?” If we don't cut class we’ll never get home tonight. We groaned, we argued, we rationalized, but we went to class. Bacteriology, our first introduction to the microbe, taught us much. We learned just about all there is to learn about bacteria (so we thought when we passed the exam) and lots more. Now we know that before we fall in love we must investigate the allergic tendencies of the man in question! In Parasitology we learned that the people in the South are lazy because they have Uncineriasis. Chemistry taught us never to eat spinach without a milk chaser, what urine indican is, and the difference between pasteurized and human milk. In Clinical Pathology we learned that “Maiden Swoon Disease” is easily cured by soaking our Knights' Swords in water and drinking the resulting potion. Ah, yes, we have become wise! Our pride and joy and the newest contribution to the hospital, made last year by Dr. Konzelmann ... the Blood Bank. We feel like mathematical geniuses keeping tract of internes' and patients' debits and credits and gloatingly survey shelves that can furnish whole blood, frozen plasma, or dessicated plasma at a moment's notice . . . and now we realize the miles of rubber tubing, the oceans of distilled water and the years of autoclaving behind those rows of bottles. Premyclocytic stage of the polymorphonuclear neutrophil. of course." "Kline negative and donor compatible." "Looks like a Type AB from here." Washing up comes before setting up.Perfect timing on li a ml K. Endless job. Ribboning is no joke. Sue. HISTOLOGY Histology is a strict taskmaster and it didn't take us long to find that discipline and split-second timing were necessary in order to complete surgical slides in twenty-four hours. There were tense moments alter the message “frozen section coming over” and breathless ones trying to ease fluid "buttons” out of tubes without nervous collapse. Here we had our first encounter with autopsy tissues . . . admiringly watched Miss Brentz cut those beautiful ribbons . . . learning that cutting and coverslipping required more than just a steaejy hand. None of us will forget those Thursday afternoon dashes to the staff room for the “conference case.”Serology was one of our favorite labs alter we conquered the mixes and transfers and plus i Kahns . . . Blood Bank kept us supplied with Klines in our spare lime . . . remember Mrs. Lynch s roundtable quizzes . . . the classical questions— "What is a non-specific prozone reaction?" and "Did anyone turn ofl the oven?" Our fust month we almost drowned in dishwater and met Garibaldi and Geraldine . . . remember when we were introduced to "The Carriage” and learned to spot a likely vein from the door of the ward . . . and how dark it was the mornings of diabetic clinic . . . and our solution-only half the problem was computation. BIOCHEMISTRY AND SEROLOGY Freshmen snow all alxnit everything— Don't we look busy! "59 minutes; 59 seconds; phosphatase.' dish pa ns and centrifuges.BACTERIOLOGY AND PARISITOLOGY We thought we'd never meet any other bacteria except Mycobacterium 'tuberculosis that first month, but reading plates in the morning introduced us to everything that grows on blood agar . . . including the non-hemolytic staph albus that is hemolytic staph aureus tomorrow. The girl in the kitchen had to keep an eye on four gauges at once while adjusting a slippery pH, but she certainly made beautiful blood plates—and 50 plates to a batch, too. Margaret Green was her guardian angel—responsible for keeping the bacteria from starving. Making up vaccines was exacting, but streaking fan-shaped plates was our favorite pastime. Gremlins went ice skating on the blood plates occasionally until we bribed them with immersion oil. The size and nucleus of balantidium coli was an answer to a parasitologist’s prayer—we couldn't miss it. We learned that tapeworms have more proglottids than there is rice in China, and that Superman lives an uncomplicated existence compared to the Schistosomes. We played upstairs maid to the mice and learned to handle the baby ones without our toes curling. In our spare time we invaded the library to write our papers and to realize the staggering scope of Bacteriology. Our unknown organism had us puzzled for a while, but a few hours' thumbing of Bergey smoothed the way. As we reviewed for the final examinations we breathed a thankful sigh for those weekly quizzes that had helped us to absorb so much so painlessly. Viridans strcpi—not swept viridans. Very nourishing menu today. Salmonella cholerae suis—or Proteus morhani? Parasitology relaxes for a moment.U RINALYSIS-GASTRO-ENTEROLOGY AND ALLERGY After two months in urinalysis we began to feel like veterans . . . we had taken our venipunctures (with cooperative patients' veins) and recognized that Miss Rotman could find a vein il the patient had it hidden in his pocket. Our first days at the scope began to show fruit and with Miss Rot man's help we could differentiate between red cells and white cells . . . and found that ail unclassified is “amorphous material.” With our introduction to the RehfuSS tube, we realized that Castries would be no "pushdown" (Oo! Ed. note.) W ith the standard exhortation “Breathe and swallow.” our first patient finally took the tube, much to the rebel and amazement l all ol us. W e were made to feel apologetic, offering the patients bread and water for breakfast, until we explained that it was the test meal . . . they were not impressed. Our work in Allergy was much diflcrent from the work in the other labs . . . for the first time in our lives we realized that dust can be useful we made vaccines to prove it . . . also that there isn't any substance in the world that someone isn't allergic to—or so it seemed at the time. Clinic day in Allergy was a busy time of mass production setting up and skin testing . . . we never realized how many syringes and needles were used until wc washed and sterilized them ad infinitum. Check the albumin. Hans and two of the "Bosses." "UV11 have to give histamine." .0001 Ragweed for Silverstcin.Cloncjratulat ? . —seniors: ions. We are indeed happy and proud that you are about to become fellow alumni. The opportunity to serve your Medical School and University is afforded through membership in your Alumni Association. A life membership is now avail-able in the Medical Alumni Association on the payment of ten dollars. We cordially invite you to join. THE MEDICAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF TEMPLE UNIVERSITY 248ZJhe 5redhmen Ok row a 2 ance On Friday, December nth, everyone put away his stethoscope, scalpel and notebook and alter shower, shave and shine trekked downtown to the Barkley’s beautiful Mirage room and its environs lor the Freshman party. Some danced, some talked ami some just made eyes at each other but everyone had a good time. Alter a short night of relaxation, back they went to the old grindstone.Seniors on When the staff of Aesculapius is temporarily set aside for some fleeting moments of fun and relaxation, one would find the members of the Present Senior class doing 120 or more different things. From Maine to Florida, Oklahoma, California, Washington and back again, some would be working, some would be playing, but all would be having a good time.The Home of DRUCO-OPTUS DRUG PRODUCTS The Standard of Quality and Value Sold by 1500 Registered Pharmacies Who Display This Seal PHILADELPHIA WHOLESALE DRUG COMPANY PHILADELPHIA 251 11707107EXPECT THE Come to The Barclay for luncheon or dinner keenly anticipating the most delectable food imaginable. Don't forget — Saturday—The Barclay's New Mirage Room and Baroque Lounge, 10 P. M. till closing. RITTENHOUSE SQUARE Arthur T. Murray, Managing Director Boll Phone. Spruce 2338 CHAS. MANGOLD Manufacturer of ORTHOPAEDIC APPARATUS Abdominal Supporters, Elastic Hosiery, Artificial Limbs, Trusses and Suspensories 151 NORTH FIFTEENTH STREET PHILADELPHIA Frank L. Lagan Geo. H. McConnell PHILADELPHIA SURGICAL INSTRUMENT CO. 1717 Sansom Street — Distributors — HAMILTON WOOD AND STEEL TREATMENT ROOM FURNITURE CASTLE STERILIZERS 252 RIT. 3613JOHN A. 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Phones: 255 PHARMACY: RAD. 9955 GIFT SHOP: RAD. 9809THE CLOCK CAFE M. I. KELLY CO. MEATS and FOOD PRODUCTS Since 1874 Anytime Is the Right Time for Your Recreation at THE CLOCK 24 S. DELAWARE AVENUE PHILADELPHIA, PA. WALnut 3712 3649 Germantown Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. CANDIES THAT TASTE BETTER Because They're Made Better jRarguetantTs THREE CONVENIENT STORES 914 Chestnut Street 3630 N. Broad Street 3633 Germantown Avonue Tuxedos Rented $1.75 Full Dress Suits S3.00 RIECHMAN THE TAILOR 1605 W. Venango Street RAD. 0697 JOSEPH CAFARO MODERN SANITARY BARBER SHOP Specialty in Ladies' Hair Dressing Electric Vibro Treatment with Every Haircut 14 U W. WESTMORELAND STREET Established Since 1854 D. KLEIN BROS. Incorporated Tailors of Quality Nurses' Capes 715-17-19 Arch Street Philadelphia. Pa. 256John J. Henry J. Albert Hallstrcm HENRY HALLSTROM THIS SYMBOL ON A PRODUCT Manufacturers and Fitters Orthopaedic and Fracture Appliances Is Your Assurance of Trusses. Crutches, Elastic Hosiery. Supporters. Etc. PHONE, RITTENHOUSE 7483 Qccuracy 141 NORTH 16th STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. Q URITY SAG. 7320 0 ONSISTENCY Harry Brookstein Men's Clothier and Haberdasher At Broad Street and Erie Avenue Over a Quarter Century of Dependability AMERICAN PHARMACEUTICAL CO., INC. MAIN OFFICE AND LABORATORIES 525 WEST 43 STREET NEW YORK, N. T. A COMPLIMENTARY SUGGESTION TO— BUY WAR BONDS William A. Weaver Hospital and Institution Equipment 6742 LAWNTON AVENUE (Oak Lane) PHILADELPHIA, PA. Phone: WAVerly 6139 Compliments of... Publicker Commercial Alcohol Company 257 1429 Walnut Street Philadelphia, Penna.TRADITION The strict codes of manufacturing excellence and ethical promotion which characterize Wyeth policy have been dictated by a deeply-rooted sense of responsibility to the art of medicine. They yield the secret of continuous and reliable service during eighty-two years. These self-imposed standards have even a greater significance than merely to supply reason for endurance and the successful fulfillment of past obligations . . . they are the necessary stabilizing influences in the progressive program of today, dedicated as it is to scientific research and therapeutic advance. They represent experience and dependability. They are the traditions of Wyeth. ant [AA AuA fA 2582), W ornery 2) oeA a C aeAarian When done l an expert like Dr. Tliaddcus L. Montgomery. birth by the method traditional!) made famous by Caesar looks easy. However, if you think so, you had better study these steps first: I. Dr. Montgomery and hi? assistant Dr . Doming and Ermilio scrub for It minutes. 2 Meanwhile, anesthesia expert Dr. Woodbridge begins a caudal injection into the leaver end of the spinal cord. 3. By this time Dr Montgomery and assistants have carefully dtaped the patient with sterile sheets and a local nerve block is done about the site of the planned incision. 4. The abdomen is quickly opened with a 6-inch incision while the assistants deftly clamp hemostats on severed vessels. 5. Now the uterus has been exposed and preparation is being made to enter it. 6. Dr. Montgomery, now making every movement count, gently extracts the baby, feet and breech first in this case, while one assistant holds open the incision and the other uses the suction tube. 7. A moment liter, the baby completely bo-n. the cord is clamped and separated and the baby handed to another assistant for care. 8. Following the baby, tbe placenta is removed from ts attachment inside the utetus. (Previous X-ray study has told Dr. Montgomery that the placenta was not directly under «he site of the proposed uterine incision—thus avoiding technical complications.) 9. The uterus and the body wall arc then sutured and finally skin clamps close the external wound. Th«_ entire procedure hat taken only 30 minutes. "Yes. but the baby—what about the baby?" 10. "She's well, thank you?"— Crying lustily in her warmed crib at the doctor and nurse dress the cord and give the eyes prophylaxis before her first ride to tbe nursery.Deliciously Different VlstorraL ICE CREAM DARLENE ICECREAM SAG. 8835 STARR JEWELRY COMPANY DIAMONDS - WATCHES SILVERWARE 3639 Germantown Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. John J. Krastell FOR NEW OR USED FURNITURE REMEMBER STRAND Strand Furniture Company 3447 Germantown Avenue Philadelphia. Pa. Phila. Dairy Products Co. 4th and Poplar Streets Compliments of- ESTHER DAVE'S STORE Formerly Bill's Luncheonette 1522 W. Or.ta'io Street Philadelphia. Pa. Remember the Good Times You Had in . . . THE CAFETERIA ★ TEMPLE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE 261Compliments of HOSPITAL CLOTHING CO. UNIFORMS FOR NURSES STUDENTS — GRADUATES 1107 Walnut Street Philadelphia. Pa. Phone: PENnypacker 8576 TUX BRAND CANNED FOODS ARE JUST BETTER GEO. B. VROOMAN, INC. PHILADELPHIA, PA. UPTOWN CAMERA SPORT SHOP Photographic and Athletic Supplies 3617 Germantown Avenue {Vi Block below Erie Avc.) Success to the Class of 1943 It Was Grand Knowing You Management and Staff of TIOGA THEATRE 3540 North 17th Street Philadelphia, Pa. Where the Medical Students Gather for an Evening of Relaxation Best Wishes from the Manufacturers of • BENZEDRINE INHALER • BENZEDRINE SULFATE TABLETS • PENTNUCLEOTIDE • Accepted by the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry of the American Medical Association SMITH, KLINE FRENCH LABORATORIES PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA Established 1841 262STEVE" Welcomes You lo the COLLEGE INN WHERE TO MEET YOUR FRIENDS WHERE TO MAKE FRIENDS WHERE TO BRING YOUR FRIENDS Something New and Deliciously Prepared Each Day in the Chefs Special See "STEVE." He's Always Willing to Oblige. The Recreation Center Between and After Classes DOWNSTAIRS — CORNER BROAD ONTARIO Phone: SAGamore 9979 263 • Just to Remind you of . . . THE MUSIC LOVERS' A Complimentary Wish for RENDEZVOUS The United Nations Victory VICTOR CAFE and JamouS for (food (dood Your Continued Success in a and CxJLnt Record'd WuS'C Peaceful Future 1303 DICKINSON STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. HOWard 3040 JOHN DI STEFANO, Mgr. lowers And MRS. J. H. CLAUS Germantown Avenue and Tioga Street. Philadelphia Established 1918 FULton 3040 Phone SAG. 5526 JohnDiStefano’s Best wishes from— RAY V. HANCOCK WUc Store Funeral Director 1824 CAYUGA STREET PHILADELPHIA RCA VICTOR RADIOS DAVenpoit 5613 VICTROLAS RAD. 3818 OPEN EVENINGS LOU GILBERT 3222 GERMANTOWN AVENUE Opposite Carman Theatre All Makes of Records TUXEDO CUTAWAY FULL DRESS SUITS TO HIRE 1300 Vi DICKINSON STREET Guaranteed Fit! Prompt Servtco! Let Us Worry About Your Clothos FOR WEDDINGS DINNERS DANCES PHILADELPHIA, PA. 264In an Emergency There Is No Substitute for Money in the Bank Various forms of investment are important in a well-rounded financial plan. But a cash reserve—money in the bank—comes first. If you have a bank balance, try to conserve it. If you haven't, why not start building one right now? We will be glad to have you as a depositor. NORTH PHILADELPHIA TRUST CO. Broad Street and Germantown Avenue above Erie Avenue PHILADELPHIA. PA. Member of Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation I. MILLER Ladies’ and Men's Tailor Cleaning - Pressing — Repairing 3753 N. Park Avenue RAD. 6175 DAN'S BARBER SHOP Prompt and Sanitary Service 1508 W. VENANGO STREET PHILADELPHIA. PA. I-OMbard 8712 Nursecraft Uniforms, Inc. Complete Line of Lab. Technicians' and Nurses' Uniforms 1001 Chestnut Street Philadelphia. Pa. Open Daily 9 A.M. to 6 P.M. Wednesday 9 A.M. to 9 P.M. TRY.... MOSEBACH'S for Excellent Foods and Liquors 3736 GERMANTOWN AVENUE PHILADELPHIA. PA. RAD. 9776 265ARMY-NAVY 0 eew UNIFORMS ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Custom Tailored Twenty-six years ago young America en masse made the shift from mufti to khaki. Today that metamorphosis is again m motion. Again today, L. R. Ermilio Company is tailoring officers' uniforms, befitting officers. All uniforms must be regulation as to style, but in the matter of quality, naturally, there are many grades, and you are your own judge. Your uniforms by Ermilio will be minutely correct and to your liking in every detail. They will embrace superb material, faultless tailoring and perfect fit. We ir.vito you to know them. Prices are moderate. TAILORS since 1904 1605 Walnut Street - Philadelphia I 266When your son joins- the Navy, you need not tear that thousands of miles of water between him and the family medicine chest will be a serious handicap, for some of the best medical equipment and minds are constantly awaiting call to his service. Note: All photographs on this page are OFFICIAL U.S. NAV AL PHOTOGRAPHS. NWtfs.1 Yledicine Whether in Australia, Egypt. Berlin or Tokyo as the times show, wherever our boys in khaki choose to go, doctors and men of the Army Medical Corps take entire hospitals right alter them. Under a shady tree or in some farm house, the medical care does not vary with the surroundings—it is always efficient. Note: All photographs on this page are PHOTOS BY THE U. S. ARMY SIGNAL CORPS.Who have found in our uniforms the complete satisfaction of fit, comfort and appearance. To further warrant their confidence we have always operated on a low, one-profit basis made possible by a maker-to-wearer operation. Selection inav be made with confidence under the guidance of experienced attendants. Fitting will be carefully done by experts accustomed to tasks of this type. ARMY Elastique Blouse, $45; Barathea and Pinks, Beaver Overcoating, All Summer Fabrics NAVY Fine Regulation Serge, $50 Also Fine Gabardine and Elastique Cravenetted Whipcord Raincoat, $47.50 Kersey or Beaver Overcoatings Naval Aviation and Marine Materials—Chief Peth• Officers' Uniforms You Axe Assured of Sincere Personal Attention 48-Hour Delivory if U.gont nelson-trait 1627 CHESTNUT STREET 269 Second Floor Rit. 1147CHILDREN NEED MILK PRESCRIBE - ARISTOCRAT HOMOGENIZED VITAMIN D MILK NOTICE BETTER FLAVOR - SCOTT-POWELL DAIRIES KITCHEN UTENSILS VICTOR V. CLAD CO. Food Service Equipment China — Glass — Silverware 117-119-121 South 11th Streot Philadelphia, Pa. F. R. DAMBLY'S GARAGE Distributors Ball Ball Carburetors Batteries Recharged and Repaired 3332 N. Broad Street Philadelphia. Pa. AUTOMOBILE STORAGE AND PARKING DAY AND NIGHT BROWN PACKING COMPANY Manufacturers and Processors Soloct Fresh Frozen Fruits — Vegetables Fruit Juices Shelled Nuts Mince Meat and Glaced Fruits CHRISTIAN AND HOWARD STREETS PHILA.. PA. Uniform . . . Dependable . . . Profitable . . . For more than 50 years the Armour Laboratories have manufactured medical and surgical products of animal origin. The Armour Label is your assurance of uniformity, dependability and prescription profits. The ARMOUR LABORATORIES Armour and Company Chicago. Illinois For extra curricular activities try: MCDONALD'S CAFE Cor. Germantown and Erie Avenues 4E o 5 EXCELLENT FOODS and REFRESHMENTS! 270 Jhe ClncjliblxS Entertain the .Soph op To spacious, beautiful “Pennbroke,” the home of Dr. and Mrs. (). Spurgeon English in Penn Valley, went the Sophomore class on Saturday, November 21st. Ior several hours the class had the time of its lile playing bridge, dancing, singing and enjoying themselves. Perfect host and hostess, Dr. and Mrs. English take this opportunity to meet the class and at the same time furnish the highlight ol the Sophomore social swirl. umorS at wor t worh jor ydili felic3 too,Since 1876 WILLIAMS' UNIFORMS for CIVILIAN and NAVAL INTERNS have topped them all in Quality and Service Write Today for Samples and Prices C. D. WILLIAMS COMPANY bedianerd and 11]an a facta rerd 246 SO. ELEVENTH STREET PHILADELPHIA. PA. 273Bell, WALnut 1463-69 ohhso Oxygen Nitrous Oxide Hydrogen Ethylene Carbon Dioxido Helium Medicinal Oxygen Co. Oxygen Tent Rental Service 1614 Summer Street. Phila., Pa. Rit. 0497 Compliments of BELL BELTZ LABORATORIES Clinical Chemists and Bacteriologists S. W. COR. BROAD AND ONTARIO STREETS RADcliff 4584 PHILADELPHIA. PA. TEMPLE FLORAL SHOP North Philadelphia's Most Outstanding Florist Corsages and Cut Flowers 3508 N. Broad Street Rad. 3645 Keystone, Race 9609 W. E. RYAN “Down Home Farms" DOWN HOME BUTTER. EGGS AND POULTRY Reading Terminal Market, Philadelphia MISS ROGAN S E I B FRENCH CLEANERS AND DYERS Completely Insured Fur Storage Established 19C5 1304 W. TIOGA STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. RAD. 5178 BARNEY'S CAFE Tasty Food — Dancing and Refreshments with Excellent Service SAG. 1552 W. R. KEYS lies ictmonels • 7 Uatclu $ewetry Silverware • clxdusive Cji !. J. H. MYERS CO. 3627 N. Broad Street In the Arcade Appraisements for Estates on Diamonds, Jewelry, etc. 274CAMPUS PUBLISHING CO. INCORPORATED 1316 ARCH STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. Producers of 1943 SKULL OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS to the SKULL of 1943 ★ SARONY STUDIOS 1206 CHESTNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA 2751 I ★★★★★★ SUCCESS TO THE CLASS OF 43 Your selection as Officers exemplifies the value of specialized training. As America’s Fortm st Uniform House . . . Reed’s have been "in training" . . . for 119 years outfitting U. S. Officers with GOOD UNIFORMS continuously since 1824. We've GOT to be RIGHT . . . to have enjoyed this honor and privilege so long! Today, as never before, buying quality is the soundest economy! Make Reed's your headquarters for Uniforms, Caps and Devices. Reed’s are official distributors of Naval Uniforms at Navy, established low prices. Reed’s are also authorized retailers for Army Officers' Uniforms at low Army Exchange Prices. UNIFORM DEPARTMENT—THIRD FLOOR—REAR 1424-1426 CHESTNUT ST.. PHILADELPHIA Full Line of Regulation Shoes for Army and Naval Officers, $7.95 to $12.95—First Floor. Reed's 276Seniors Alter each ol the past two school years, the class has felt iisell obliged to leave the coniines ol the city for a short sojourn in the country. Here, with the freedom ol the proper atmosphere, good refreshments and no school lor a while, they relaxed. DEDICATED TO THE HEALTH AND HAPPINESS OF YOUR FEET! Your feet deserve most careful consideration. Entrust them to Freoman's where shoes are fitted —not merely sold; ’where your Doctor's prescription is filled by an expert Freeman shoe fitter; where the most modern health shoes are both scientific and smart looking. "No Foot Too Difficult To Fit" Special discount to Doctors and Nurses RADcliff 2985 THE FREEMAN co The Original FREEMAN Correct Footwear 3628 GERMANTOWN AVE. {In the Arcade) Philadelphia, Penna.Remember . . . Restaurant — 3 5 4 5 — NORTH BROAD STREET 279The tree grows best WHICH ADAPTS ITSELF MOST FULLY TO THE CONDITIONS OF ITS ENVIRONMENT. RUSSELL H. CO SWELL Surely, These TVor is 0 The Tounder JTelp Quide Temple University Tn The TMarch To Victory. TEMPLE UNIVERSITY 280The Chas. H. Elliott Company Seventeenth Street and Lehigh Avenue Philadelphia. Pa. FELIX SPATOLA SONS ESTABLISHED 1880 Fresh and Frosted Fruits and Vegetables ENGRAVERS - PRINTERS - JEWELERS READING TERMINAL—PHILADELPHIA. PA. The Largest College Engraving House in the World Bell: Walnut 5600 Keystone: Race 7351 Compliments of a Friend For added wear— BON TON HOSIERY White and Dress Hosiery and Lingerie 3538 Gormantown Avenue, Philadelphia. Pa. A Modern Concept of an Institution of the Last Rite PROFESSIONAL LAUNDRY REG. THE COMPLETE NEW FUNERAL PARLOR AND APARTMENTS WE ARE CAPABLE OF SUPPLYING THE METICULOUS LAUNDRY SERVICE REQUIRED BY . . . NURSES—INTERNS—STUDENTS—TECHNICIANS William H. Battersby's Sons Fifty-four Years of Funeral Service Broad above Westmoreland Street ENTIRE GARMENTS IRONED BY HAND 3407 North 13th Street Philadelphia, Pa. RAD 0651 SAGamoro 2667 Philadelphia, Pa. MIKE'S JENKINS ELEVATOR AND MACHINE COMPANY, INC. BARBER SHOP Representative—Shepard Elevator Company 1310 W. TIOGA STREET Installation • Maintenance - Repairs - Parts Jenkins Interlocks A Special Courtesy for Students 443 NORTH THIRTEENTH STREET PHILADELPHIA. PENNA. Bell Phones: Lombard 2503 • 2504 • 2505 Keystone Phonos: Main 2077 - 2078 SMITH BROTHERS WHOLESALE PURVEYORS SEA FOOD, POULTRY AND GAME N. E. Cor. Water and Dock Streets Philadelphia, Pa. THE HAMILTON MEN'S SHOPS Incorporated MEN'S WEAR 3830 Germantown Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. BALdwin 2100 PARK 2017 The Germantown Electric Supply Co. A Complete Electric Supply House Under One Roof SECURITY STORAGE CO. 3939 GERMANTOWN AVENUE PHILADELPHIA, PA. Bell Phone: RADcliff 1700 General Offices, Showrooms, Lighting Fixture Studios MOVING 3138-48 GERMANTOWN AVENUE PHILADELPHIA, PA. STORAGE PACKINGTHE 1943 SKULL STAFF Editor-in-Chiej... Business Manager Associate Editor. . Photography....... Class Editor...... IJlerary Editor. . . Art Editor........ Feature Editor. .. ......H. Keith Fischer .....Andrew Sokalchuk .. .Clarence L. Lehman .Norman D. MacKen ic ... .Francis A. Ambrose M. Edward Morrow, Jr. .....William J. Garvin ...........Leo Levitov Literary Staff J. J. Toland S. N. Cahoon K. R. Fickes W. P. Rumsey R. B. Hamilton F. W. Reese R. H. High A. E. Brown 1). E. Kriebel J. B. Edwards J. S. Stewart E. C. Uhrich A. C. Miller B. M. Snow Business Staff M. E. Kubcr E. R. McKay W. W. Sawyer W. F. Hanisek F. Murtagh, Jr. Art Staff A. Ginsburg V. Kremens Photographic Staff J.E. Gable S. H. Fisher D. H. Rice The editors relax; 'Sokalchuk. Pischci and Lehman. MacKen .ie always prepares for tin-end which never comes.I» ATRONS Dr. Robert L. Johnson..............President Dr. William N. Parkinson............... Dean Dr. Ernest E. Aegertcr Dr. |. Marsh Aleshin Dr. Julius Amsterdam Dr. Nina A. Anderson Dr. Jesse (). Arnold Dr. CL Mason Astley Dr. M. Royden Astley Dr. V. Wayne Babcock Dr. I Ian v E. Baton Dr. Allen (.. Berkley Dr. Clayton Beet ham Dr. John V. Blady Dr. George I. Blumstein Dr. Charles S. Brown Dr. W. Emory Burnett Dr. Edward W. Chamberlain Dr. Louis Cohen Dr. Dean A. Collins Dr. J. Norman Coombs Dr. Domenico Cucinotta Dr. Joseph (1. Doane Dr. Harrs A. Duncan I)r. Thomas M. Durant Dr. Samuel William Eisenberg Dr. O. Spurgeon English Dr. Matthew S. Eisner Dr. H. CL Eskin Dr. George E. Farrar Dr. Temple Fay Dr. Robert K. Ai buc kle Dr. John B. Barnaul Dr. Gustav us C. Bird Dr. Lee E. Bransford Dr. Heath 1). Bumgardner Dr. Philena E. Chase Dr. A. J. Cohen Dr. Raymond W. Cunningham Dr. Edwin J. Fellows Dr. Frederick A. Fiske Dr. Isadore Forman Dr. Rupert Fridas Dr. Herbert Freed Dr. Edwin S. Gault Dr. Glenn G. Gibson Dr. Sherman Gilpin Dr. Samuel Goldberg Dr. Jacques Guequierrc Drs. R. H. and . S. Hamilton Dr. Harriet L. Hartley Dr. I lugli I lay ford l)i. Lewis Karl Doberman Dr. John Franklin I Iubci Dr. Chevalier Jackson Dr. Chevalier L. Jac kson Dr. James Kay Dr. Norman Kendall Dr. 1 homas Klein Dr. John A. Kolmcr Dr. Frank W. Konzelmann Dr. John l.ansbury Dr. Valter 1. Lillie Dr. I lesser G. C. Lindig Dr. Vlfred E. Livingston Dr. R. 1). MacKinnon Dr. Lowrain E. McGrea Dr. C. Kenneth Miller Dr. Thaclcleus L. Montgomctv SIBSCRIBERS Dr. Howard CL Fret Dr. Reuben Friedman Dr. Martin Gold Dr. J. Garctt Hickey Dr. Merl F. Kimmel Dr. John Leedoni Dr. George Mark Dr. Joseph CL B. Markle Dr. John Royal Moore Dr. Neidelman Dr. Waldo E. Nelson Dr. Augustin R. Pealc Dr. Gerald Pearson Dr. William C. Pritchard Dr. James P. Quindlen Dr. Burech Rachlis Dr. Chcstci Reynolds Dr. Robert F. Ridpath Dr. Vic tor Robinson Dr. George P. Roscmond Dr. Henry G. Schneider Dr. Michael Scott Dr. Paul Sloane Dr. Mexander Silverstein Dr. Lawrence W. Smith Dr. Louis Sololf Dr. William A. Steele Dr. William A. Swahu Dr. Louis I ufl Dr. Scott P. Yerrei Dr. and Mrs. J. K. Weston Di. M ichael CL Wohl Di. I .ewis R. Woll Dr. Joseph B. Wollfe Di. Philip I). Woodbridgc Dr. Barton R. Young Dr. Franc is L. Zaborowski Dr. Charles M. Norris Dr. Hugo Rocsler Dr. John B. Roxby. Sr. Dr. Melvin A. Saylor Dr. Reuben Schwartz Dr. Ernst Spiegel Dr. Edward Weiss Dr. Henry T. Wycis This book is made possible by the interest and generosity ol our Faculty and friends who serve as Patrons and Subscribers. We are sorry that a lew names arrived too late to be included in the above list, l o them we offer out apologies no less than our thanks with those named above.A JOB WELL DONE The class of 1943 has reached the goal which it has long sought and toward which it has diligently pressed. It is to be congratulated on a job well done. As it contemplates with pride and justifiable satisfaction the achievements ol the past, it is all essential to realize that there are before the graduate ever widening fields of possible accomplishment. Especially is this so today with our nation engaged in a titanic struggle to defend the principles which made it great among the countries of the earth. I o an even greater extent will it be true in the period of reconstruction which will follow. Whether his environment be military or civil, the doctor as a man of influence may stand, not only as an exemplar of scientific integrity, but as a great influence for spiritual progress. His should be the realization that "the fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom, and the knowledge of the Holy is understanding." Thus may it be possible once more at the end of a life so ordered to look back on a job well clone. Thomas M. Durant.ISKULL 0 U L| §11} jl;-yWALT JACKLibrary Temple University Medical School COPYRIGHT DECEMBER, 1943 Don LeRoy Bashline. Editor Alfred S. Frantz, Business ManagerPUBLISHED BV THE SEfllORS OF THE SCHOOL OF HIEDICIOE TEIHPLE OlllVERSITY, PHILHDELPHIR, PEOOSYLVOOIBMS oretoor IS often realized belatedly that a graduat-flt ing class is never again brought together in a entirety after the day of commencement. Physically, it is impossible, but memories of friends, teachers, the time and place and many personal experiences may be retained when strengthened by a word or picture. Those who composed this book earnestly desire that their humble effort help you to review some day the most memorable of medical school events, and that the exigencies of the war and even busier days perhaps to follow will afford time to relax occasionally in a quiet corner and chuckle as you slowly turn the pages. mmm ‘' S? ■ -rlSherman F. Gilpin, Jr., M.D. For . . . frankness, sincerity, honesty and utter practicality ... a teacher, didactical and clinical ... a friend, warm and enriching . . . 6We Dedicate the December 1943 Skull On a bench in the amphitheatre of “Old Blockley.’’ not too many years ago, sat a red-headed boy intently watching his father conduct the Saturday afternoon neurologic clinic. So it was that the seed was planted for a tree which would later show the identity of its paternalism; as. later in life, this lad was to take his father’s place in the same pit. Dr. Sherman F. Gilpin, Jr., was born on June 29. 1903 in West Philadelphia of Scotch-English parents. Fie attended primary and high school in West Philadelphia, college at Ursinus and in 1929 graduated from the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. A two-year internship at Philadelphia General Hospital brought out an interest in obstetrics and pediatrics, but the day for neurology was saved by a service as assistant chief resident in neurology at the same hospital and shortly afterwards by a fellowship in neurology at the Mayo Clinic from 1932 to 1933. Following this, Dr. Gilpin was first assistant in neurology at the Mayo Clinic until 1937 when a call for a clinical professor of neurology from Temple University School of Medicine was answered. Since returning to Philadelphia, he has been neurologist to Germantown. St. Luke’s, and Children’s Hospitals. At present Dr. Gilpin is on the staff at Methodist and Philadelphia General Hospitals, besides his association at 1 emple University Hospital. A versatile personality, the "Gilp” was thespian. head of student government, and organizer of the glee club at Ursinus College. A musician and singer, he studied voice and piano in earlier days; now dotes on pianistic harmonizing with the radio, on singing barber-shop tunes, on impromptu swinging with an old cornet. Not a shy courtier. Miss Kathryn Lawser was calmly told that she was to be Mrs. Gilpin at their first meeting, and it took only a few June days in 1937 at Rochester. Minnesota, to convince this native Philadelphian. The members of the December Class of 1943 have thoroughly enjoyed their contacts with staccato, explosive, earthy Dr. Sherman F. Gilpin. Jr., and they take much pride in dedicating this edition of the Skull to him. The home of Dr. and Mrs. Gilpin is beautifully situated at 630 Mulford Road in Wyncote. The Gilpins pose at the gate leading onto the front terrace. In the study the newest neurological tome is perused. A picture of the late Dr. Gilpin. Sr., may be seen. 7DR. ROBERT L. JOHNSON, President It is a privilege to have the opportunity of greeting the graduating class of the Temple University School of Medicine. You have studied diligently to perfect yourselves in one of the highest of professions and now you come to the end of a long road—yet it is but the beginning of another. The beginning of a life dedicated to unceasing labor and self-sacrifice. Many of you are about to be commissioned in the Army of the United States or in the United States Naval Reserve, and you will serve your country in a twofold capacity. Yours will be the tremendous task of preserving man in the midst of the powers that seek to destroy his body and soul I am sure that all of you are fully aware of the hardships and the difficulties that lie ahead and yet you have not faltered. You go forth to serve America at war. and you will continue to serve America at peace. You will bring to men suffering with pain on some far battlefield, blessed relief; you will care for those at home and patiently toil to keep the men and women of America well and strong that they may support our fighting men. Always you will work untiringly without thought of personal welfare or remuneration. This is the task which you have set for yourselves and it is a glorious one. 1 pray that He. Who is the greatest of all physicians, may guide your every endeavor and bring to you a life that is rich in the service to which you have dedicated yourselves. 8 Robert L. JohnsonDR. WILLIAM N. PARKINSON, Dean At this time of graduation, a message for the Senior Class is expected from the Dean. It is most difficult to give such a message when 1 know that your personal plans, as well as the ambitions and plans of your parents have been shattered by the upheaval through which the world is passing. I think of the last war—how we entered it with the lofty thought that we were engaging in a crusade that would make the world safe for Democracy—"a war to end wars”—and I also think of how we broke faith with those who died. How. after 1919, the world started along the wrong road and how the level of civilized life sank until international morality made a new all-time low. Should we not look upon the world today as an international community? Technological advances have united the world so closely that the community now takes in every region and every person on the globe. The human race must now be considered as one family and human beings everywhere as brothers, and all nations as part of an indivisible community. Yet the world community, which even row exists, has no government Let us create a world government and give it power to suppress the crime of war. Treaties have failed us so let us have international law with sufficient force in back of it to suppress and smite any international gangster or bandit who dares to try to disturb the peace of the world If we cannot have some such federation of nations, wars will continue to recur— wars even more brutal than the tragedy through which we are now passing. May 1 urge you. who are just entering your professional life, to support any and all plans that may contribute to lasting peace. 9 William N. ParkinsonDays To Remember . . It was not the usual picture of enrollment day at any university that confronted the freshman on September 17. 1940. With expression designed to be jaunty and completely aware of things, he peered with strained face past other strained faces attempting a like nonchalance, at the notice, “Freshmen report to 603 at 9 A. M." It was not the usual picture for a number of reasons. Many had just slaved in summer schools to scramble together enough credits. Some, for this and other reasons. were deep in financial difficulties. A few were markedly disturbed over the prospect of the entry of the United States into the war. There were those who had missed the boat on first year finals; they dropped medical gems into the willing cars of the uninitiate. Those who had majored in English listened in worried silence to the scientific exploits of the chemistry majors (they who lived in blissful ignorance of Dr. Saylor). The Dean welcomed us. standing before a miniature Valhalla of freshmen gods. One of these gods adjusted his spectacles and we heard the memorable opening address to the freshman class by Professor John B. Roxby: ”. . Gone are the carefree college days. Behind you are the lazy hours passed in reverie under the greenwood tree . . .You have chosen a great but difficult path, and the travail which lies ahead is of a quantity which may defy your present imagination ... Be advised by those who have gone before you. to work hard, and you will be successful, as have thousands like you ..." That Dr. Roxby himself had worked hard we had no doubt, as we followed in dizzy fascination his textbook description of the astounding course of the pec-toralis major fibers: "... proceeding infero-laterally with respect to. and anterior to. the deep fascia over-lying, and in close proximity to. the etc. and etc. . . and inserting into the antero-medial aspect of the medial portion of the groove along the medial border of the line extending caudally from the lesser tuberosity of the humerus." (The humerus was in our bone boxes, it seemed.) For a time during the first months we felt much like a medicine ball tossed between Drs. Pritchard and Saylor. But there were compensations; for instance, the day Dr. Saylor crept up behind McEwan (who was idly titrating tenth normal I ICI against tenth normal I IC1) and twanged: "Yew can’t bluff your way through this course." Later that day. Dr. Roxby crept up behind Dr. Saylor. Anatomy laboratory held no terrors for us much; we carelessly compared obesity and leanness, color and olfactory effulgence of our respective cadavers, but first incisions differed amazingly in intensity of purpose. Some were straight and clean, others wavy; some grated on the vertebral column, others barely nicked the epidermis; and Dr. Huber will never understand just what it is that freshmen do to superficial nerves. Perhaps the grimmest day. in our otherwise untroubled association with Dr. Pritchard, was that on which we were served up unusually fresh pig trimmings for intimate dissection. I low we longed to indulge in furtive emesis. Those who stuck it out. even unto the last laryngeal cartilage, were martyred for life. Second to this uncherished episode were several lesser ones with cats. None of the male cats had ovaries, it was found. To the chemistry lab in peanut butter jars, milk bottles (quart, pint, or half-pint, depending on a number of factors). Vat 69 bottles and Erlcnmeyer flasks came the multi-tinted urines of the freshmen for personal analysis. Capacities ranged apparently from 50 cc. to 3000 cc.. and the ratio of day to night volume was far from constant. Dr. Schrader's battle cry will long ring in our ears: "Have them in by twelve o’clock. I’ve got to have six liters.” But we passed the examinations in spite of all these hazards. A pre-acceleration vacation pexied our ptotic viscera to the extent that we faced with impunity Dr. Smith's pipe and Dr. Gault's cigar. Coming at last to the clinical correlation with the basic sciences, we gloried in the opportunities for a pseudo-professional laying-on of hands as we stalked the wards. While the spirits of Aesculapius. Hippocrates. Osier, ct a!., taught and guided our minds and hands. World War 11 drew closer to home. We joined the Army and Navy and got reserve commissions. Then we were requested to resign them. However, with resignation came monetary aid for privates and seamen, a governmental boon long past due for many of us; and. concomitant with the first paycheck, marriage was in vogue. The Army received uniforms first, and feeling ran high. While the Navy slept, the Army rose with the first cock and drilled in a neighboring schoolyard. Eventually, a form of militarization hit the combined army, navy, and civilian forces. In order to assure headquarters of our constant presence in school, we were to present tickets—coming out of class. With the advent of the navy uniforms came much anecdotal material. Gobs saluted cadets and blushed. Broad Street seemed thronged with policemen, and one student inadvertently held up traffic at a large intersection. In a downtown theatre a navy student was severely admonished for refusing to distribute programs to the audience of Othello. The Wagner-Murray-Dingcll bill proposing a form of socialized medicine occupied our attention for a few days: much was said pro and con. mostly the latter. But following a sensible talk by Dr. Edward Chamberlain. we decided not to rise up in arms after the manner of the South Carolinians. The "Old Guard" made its rather stubborn stand in periodicals and in gatherings of the clan: the "radicals" argued hotly against the present system. What was agreed upon embodies the general idea that, at any rate, the present bill is not the answer, although it is granted that in the not too distant future, some more practical plan than any so far must be devised. Now. with the hospital procurement organization having its say on intern quotas, we look forward to interning, suspicious, but on the whole, hopeful! 10 mEDICInflE DOCTOR Purposefully, together we have been. And scrutinized the future, with small hope. Held by the spell of healing, and have seen The skills of comfort come within our scope. Patiently they have dealt with us, our gods. Given and forgiven misconcepted truth, Verified us, and underwrote the odds. Suffering the restless dubiousness of youth. Out of that fire they kindled, watch it now. Structurally welded of our separate seeing. Hammered from weakness unto strength, and how Practiced it is, this unipurposed being. Thus, after years’ long tempering by its flame. The doctor merits, now, his honored name. u April 22. 1943 S. A. M.The three major forces which work for the maintenance or restoration of health are correct mental attitude, normal physiological activity and medical and surgical therapeusis; of these the Inst is probably the least. —ANONYMOUS EDUJRRD I. AUER Auer’s vulnerable position as No. I man in the alphabet early excited our sympathy for him. We soon found him a student at heart and one who did not need our sympathy. Though a brother of Psi Upsilon at University of Rochester and active in track and dramatics, he concentrated his efforts on psychology and carried on some research in physiological psychology. At Temple his interest in basic sciences and research in physiology were further testimonies to his faith in the experimental approach which has made medicine what it is today. His efforts were rewarded by election to Sigma Xi in March. 1943. Close friends know that Ed will take up any argument presented with vehement rebuttal, perhaps as a form of mental exercise. He likes the theatre and varied types of music. Summers have been spent as camp counselor and assistant camp director. His shrewd insight and unquenchable enthusiasm will be valuable assets in his chosen field of pediatrics. Internship: Abington Memorial Hospital: Army. 12The phyulclan who bringeth love and charity to the kick, if he be good and kind and learned and skillful, none can be better than he. Love teaches him everything, and will be the measure and rule of all the measures and rules of medicine. —Savonarola Tracy began his practical experience early by interning at Grafton State Hospital for the mentally deficient and doing research work with Dr. G. A. Talbert, world renowned physiologist. These activities were a part of his pre-transfer work at the University of North Dakota. Here, too, he served as instructor in physiology and pharmacology, received his B.S. and B.A. and was awarded membership in Kappa Kappa Psi and Blue Key, honorary fraternities. I he call of the woods lured him to camping, fishing, hunting, and canoeing; favorite sports were basketball, baseball, and hockey. Other odd hours were devoted to music and the raising of blue-ribbon gladioli. In January. 1943. Tracy married Betty Jane Erickson. After a Navy internship he plans to return to the West to practice orthopedic surgery. His thorough and serious approach to medical problems should assure his success as an "orthopod.” Phi Beta Pi is his medical fraternity and dermatographism his personal cross.To read textbooks is easy, but to do research work is to grapple, inch by inch, with the obscure, and battle, step by step, with the unknown . . . —Victor Robinson From the cloisters of the Lutheran parsonage in Shippensburg, Pa., emerged personable, generous Bill, endowed with a sympathetic understanding of human nature and a winning disposition that equipped him well to undertake the study and practice of medicine. Collegiate days at Gettysburg were filled with responsible extra-curricular activities, including positions as managing editor of the newspaper, sports editor of the yearbook, and presidencies of Phi Sigma Kappa Fraternity and Pi Delta Epsilon Honorary Fraternity. He enjoys swimming and living under the sun in summer and spent several such seasons as camp counselor. Recently, in preparation for his surgery courses, he got employment in an abattoir. In addition to his athletic and social inclinations, he is a fond listener to Tschaikowsky. and. in a lighter vein. T. Dorsey and Harry James. Fie is frank yet kind and has won a host of fast friends among the medicos. Special interests are obstetrics, gynecology, and surgery. He will intern in a U. S. Naval Hospital. UJILLIHm UJ. BARKLEY, JR. 14A sickly. Infirm look is a disadvantageous to the physician as that of a rake in a clergyman, or a sheepish look in a soldier. —Samuel Croxall RAY HUflTER BflRTOfl, JR. When Ray transferred to Temple from University of Utah, he brought with him his charming wife. Helen, and their two children. Catherine and Grant. As Ray was a warm, friendly, and communicative individual, we soon learned that he had spent two years in Eastern Canada as missionary for the Mormon Church and had quite an interest in music, having participated in the University of Utah Glee Club. Male Quartette, and String Quartette. An accomplished violinist. he was concert master of the orchestra and performed numerous radio broadcasts with his violin. Ray is known in class by his enthusiasm, his innumerable questions, his reiteration of already stated facts for the sake of emphasis and clarity, and the invariability with which he starts and ends the applause accompanying each lecture. Voluminous, careful histories testify to his sincere, conscientious approach to medicine. He will intern at L. D. S. Hospital. Salt Lake City, Utah, and following service in the Navy, will practice in the West, perhaps eventually specializing in obstetrics. Delta Phi Honorary Fraternity. 15Diseases crucify the soul of man, attenuate our bodies, dry them, wither them, shrivel them up like old apples, make them so many anatomies. —Robert Burton. "Anatomy on Melancholy" Don L. BRSHUflE A characteristic explosive outburst of laughter rocks the classroom followed by a reverberation of mirthful chuckles as classmates respond to Don’s belated, but genuine jocularity. Journalist. musician, athlete—at Grove City he edited his college paper, tortured and soothed jangled nerves with his slip-horn, and worked off excess steam at track and basketball. Me has enjoyed travels to Europe and Canada and takes delight in sailing, tinkering with a Model A, and photography. His lovely, red-headed bride is the former Patricia Reber. Don plans to specialize in surgery. His deliberate conversation, unhurried gait, and suave manner bespeak the imperturbable self-assurance and confidence he possesses- excellent attributes for a surgeon to have. In the future, he plans to practice with his father and brothers in Grove City. Pa. Editor of the Skull. Alpha Kappa Kappa Fraternity; Navy; Babcock Surgical Society. 16A country physician needs more brains to do his work passably than the fifty greatest industrialists in the world require. —Walter B. Pitkin Mrs. Mac, to her everlasting credit, is “just one of the boys,’’ whether sparking a bull session at “Steve’s'' or cutting the deck in the cafeteria. Coming to Temple from Ursinus College with a B.S. in biology, she impressed us in general and Malcolm J. MacDonald in particular, with her elfish twinkle, good-naturedness, and pianistic dexterity . . . Phyl and Mac were married in May of 1942 and what with following the fleet and her own career, her future should be far from dull. Chief among the interests, which she and Dr. Mac share, is music; music of all forms, from jive to symphonic—even whistling. I he MacDonalds hope to settle down in North Carolina some day. Wherever they land, the practice of medicine will certainly be enhanced. PHYLLIS BEERS MOflRLD 17Truth is the dauichtcr of Time and not of authority. —Leonardo “Cowboy” is one of those present day rarities—a bona fide rancher from the Black Hills of South Dakota. He particularly enjoys hunting (probably gophers) and fishing. Before transferring. Clayton earned his B.A. at South Dakota School of Mines and studied the basic sciences of medicine at the University of South Dakota. Quiet, unassuming and with a slow western drawl, his deliberate thought and action inspire the confidence of his fellow students and patients in clinic. He had a junior internship at Fredrick Douglas Memorial Hospital and. after graduation. will intern at Broadlawns General Hospital in Des Moines, Iowa. His fellow internists will, undoubtedly, be impressed by his diagnostic acumen, ability on the baseball diamond and ruthless poker playing. Clayton is interested in general surgery and. after a sojourn in the Army, he plans to return to his home town of Rapid City. S. D.. to practice. Phi Beta Pi. 18In a Kood surgeon; a hawk'a eye, a lion’s heart and a lady's hand. —Leonard Wright (1589) Versatile Barney comes to Temple Medical from Villanova. where he was a key writer on the ViHanoi an. perennial class treasurer, and member of Lambda Kappa Delta Honorary Fraternity. In addition, after having set a national interscholastic indoor record at 800 meters in high school, he was a mainstay of the Villanova track team and Middle Atlantic A. A. U. half-mile champion in 1938. After earning his B.S. in biology. Barney walked around the corner to enter Temple, where, with his wide grin, easy laugh and air of assurance, he became an integral part of the class life. Enjoying several months of leisure each year. Barney has spent the summers travelling throughout Canada. New England and the southern United States. His special interest is centered in the neoplastic diseases. After an internship in the Navy. Barney hopes to return to Philadelphia to practice. 19A library Is a great catalyzer, accelerating the nutrition and rate of progress in a profession. —Sir William Osler Music-loving medico Brcnsinger. the blond-headed Dutchman, joined our ranks from Lebanon Valley College. He grew up in Emmaus. Pa., the site of his birth. At college. Bill played his trumpet and French horn in the band and symphony orchestra and enjoyed it so much that he still practices at intervals. He was a member of the Kalozetean Literary Society and Pi Gamma Mu Fraternity and industriously worked as biology assistant and at various jobs to help earn his tuition. Vacations he worked in his father's grocery store, in a tree nursery and a peach orchard, when he was not sporting under the sun. At medical school Bill joined Phi Rho Sigma, became an expert at table tennis and served as house secretary and vice-president. He is especially interested in cardiology and psychiatry, but plans a career as a general practitioner in his home town. Internship: Allentown General Hospital. Allentown. Pa.: Army. 20A physicinn can sometimes parry the scythe of death, but has no power over the sand in the hour g|ass —Hester Lynch Piozzi (1741-1821) flLLEn LinDLEY BRYfln A1 was only around Philly a few weeks until someone dubbed him "Silky” a very self-explanatory name. “Join the Navy and see the world,” fits Al’s past. Following his Navy dad. Silky has seen everything from the Brooklyn Navy Yard to Hawaii. His preparation was obtained at the University of Hawaii. U. C. L. A., and Stanford University, terminating in a B.A. degree. At Stanford. A1 joined Nu Sigma Nu and at Temple he is one of the Babcock Surgical Society. Jitter-bugging isn't his only sport—he likes swimming, baseball, and football and has spent some time on race tracks. In the future A1 plans to be a surgeon. Strictly a Navy man by virtue of paternal influence and his own choice, he has not yet decided whether or not he will make a career of it. For internship he crosses the street to Temple University Hospital. 21Too late Is the medicine prepared, when the disease has gained strength by long delay. —Ovid. "Remediorum Amoris” JOSEPH F. BURKE, IR. Philadelphia cannot boast of a more good-natured man than Joe. He’s friendly and kind, like a big. shaggy Saint Bernard dog. People like to be with him because of his superb disposition joviality, and amiability. He was born in Philadelphia, attended Northeast Catholic High and Mount St. Mary’s College, where he majored in chemistry and biology to receive his B.S. degree. With fervor. Joe threw his hulk into action on the football field; and he learned the manful art of boxing. Since then he has playfully dealt many an egg-sized hematoma to the arms of Lach, Kolmer and Bryan, receiving in retaliation like measures on both arms. He has engaged in various jobs, including plumbing and railroad express work. Joe’s interest lies in the fields of surgery and internal medicine. In all probability he will practice general medicine in Philadelphia or Williamsport following service in the Army. He interned at Episcopal Hospital during the senior year and upon graduation he will go to Williamsport for senior internship. 22The best surgeon is the one who has been hacked himself. —Anonymous Nestled among the hills of western Pennsylvania lies Bedford, the home of this genial medico There, in the hot seasons, he was a pipe-liner, gardener, and draftsman on the "dream highway.’' and he indulged in tennis, swimming, and hiking during vacation hours. At Lafayette College extra-curricular activities included Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity, choir, track, and Touchstone Literary Journal. One summer, caught by the wanderer’s urge, he travelled after the manner of the knights of the road to California, stopping off at the Chicago stockyards to see the "hog butchers of the world” and earn a few shekels. His literary preferences are to be found in the realms of poetry, philosophy, and psychology; and musically minded, he delights in everything from Bach to Cole Porter. One of Caldwell’s favorite topics is why people do the things they do and think the thoughts they think; this is in line with his interest in psychiatry, his choice of specialities. He aspires to achieve a scientific and sympathetic understanding of human nature. Internship: Naval Hospital; Skull. JOHfl R. CRLDU1ELL 23Despair of all recovery spoils longevity and makes men’s miseries of alarming brevity. —Byron. "Don Juan" LOUIS JOSEPH CEUIll, JR. Up from the crossroads of Brandy Camp. Pa., sprang this impetuous, energetic lad. On short acquaintance, Lou was recognized as a sincere student, eager to learn, ambitious to get ahead. Because of his affable nature he soon attracted many friends. They learned of his rabid interest jn baseball, his college baseball experiences and of the summers he spent hunting, fishing, camping, and hoisting beer kegs. Pre-medical education was obtained at University of Notre Dame, where he garnered a B.S. degree, majoring in biology. In Temple's extra-curricular sphere, Lou acted as secretary of Phi Alpha Sigma and was a member of Babcock Surgical Society. In his sophomore year he was vice-president of our class. Lou is especially interested in pediatrics, but will probably be a general practitioner. He obtained valuable clinical training in a junior internship at St. Joseph’s Hospital and plans to intern in the Navy after graduation. 24Not one among a thousand knows how to separate the harmful parts from the helpful in simple laxatives. —Roger Bacon (1214-1294) RAID CHAPPELL Raid, a Montanan by birth and North Dakotan by preference, came roaring out of the West to take Temple by storm. Preliminary education and two years of medicine at North Dakota University had fitted him well for the hurly-burly of life in the East, where he found new-material to foster his interest in photography, poetry, and gastrocnemic curves. After a short disagreement with an air-raid warden as to the status of a light bulb, he resigned himself to life in Philadelphia, joined Phi Beta Pi. procured a junior internship at St. Joseph's Hospital, joined the Army, and participated in heated debates on all subjects. While at Army camp Raid became known as K. P. Simmons. The surname is one he assumed under momentary stress, and the initials indicate his subsequent course. In the department of miscellany. Raid is not married, has no children, will intern at Los Angeles County General Hospital, is interested in bacteriology and surgery, is fond of sports, and has travelled through all the western states. 25It is a solemn fact that the discovery of a new disease immediately creates a demand for it. —J. A. Spender From Thiel to Temple Dave came, with his sagacious, soft-spoken wit. At Thiel he acquired a B.S. in chemistry and minored in English. His interest in the arts is manifested by his love of music and painting. All. who have seen his sketches, are aware of his fine talent. Among the athletic greats at Thiel, his name is listed for his accomplishments in basketball. In summer, he enjoys camping and fishing in the mountains of Pennsylvania. His stable temperament and assurance will, undoubtedly, gain for him the faith of his patients. Although usually modest, Dave has always contended he defeats Jim Miller at billiards. Miller flatly denies this. Those who wish to know the truth might arrange a contest. Dave will be a general practitioner. He goes to the Medical Center at University of Pittsburgh for his internship. Babcock Surgical Society; Army. 26 11031669Many dishes, many diseases. Many medicines, few cures. —Benjamin Franklin, "Poor Richard.” 1734 From up-state Pennsylvania via Susquehanna College hails our Peg. At college she majored in chemistry and biology and was interested, also, in German, athletics and music. Peg seemed to have the jump on most of us as freshmen, for having been a medical technician she was better acquainted with the language of things medical. Pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology are the fields of medicine which especially appeal to her. In her leisure hours she chooses sports of all kinds, or for relaxation Peg appreciates music, symphonic and operatic. Peg has already served a junior internship at Woman's Hospital in Philadelphia and will carry out her senior internship back in her own locale at the Williamsport Hospital. Williamsport. Pa. 27He who was never sick dies the first fit. —Thomas Fuller.'■Gnomologia'' JOHfl 8. COUJDERY On October I. 1915, a kangaroo-legged male child leaped from his king-size bassinet and chased a nurse down the corridor. Let us not dwell too much in detail upon his youthful career except to include the phrase. “Persistence of infantile trends." Oh. Father John, what an ambulatory encyclopedia of social. economic, medical and nursing whimscy you arc! And rightly so. for Johnny served time in almost every walk of life, including that of house mother, in order to keep his medical star in the ascendency. Internal medicine and pediatrics interest him most, with the latter as probable specialty. While at Columbia. John ran on the track and cross-country teams, was president of the Varsity “C" Club. Historical literature and classical music interest him particularly, but that black suit was not for concerts. Junior and senior internships at the Roosevelt Hospital. New York. N. Y.; Navy. 28By self-indulgence, the dreadful dropsy grows apace. —Horace. "Odes” A1 comes to Temple from Scranton, the heart of the hard coal region, by way of Wyoming Seminary and Lehigh University. When not socializing, wrestling, or playing baseball at Lehigh, he was busy at pre-med studies or acting in his office of president of the Alpha Chi Rhos. In college he earned his B.A. degree and. doing special work in bacteriology, received a .Master of Science degree. Al’s favorite diversion is baiting Moe Fett. In past summers he enjoyed "summer farming" in the Poconos and dry fly fishing. He served junior internship at Northeastern and will go to Temple University Hospital upon graduation. Medical interests center around obstetrics, surgery, and ophthalmology with the latter his probable specialty. A1 has been a loyal member of Phi Chi and Babcock Surgical Society. After his internship he will take his part in the war as an Army Medical Officer. Recent Navy Communique: Carolyn P. Lansing. U. S. N. R.. wed to Army Medical Student. A. J. Cross. July 27. 1943. ALBERT IAITIES CROSS 29Some mnladies are rich and precious and only to be acquired by the riKht of inheritance or purchased with Kold. —Hawthorne, "Mosses from an Old Manse" On a hot. sultry day in July Max swaggered into class and settled his long frame on a back row bench, the better to think and to sleep, said he. From the valley of the Great Salt Lake, the village of Bountiful, he came, with a record of his pre-clinical work at the beauteous University of Utah in one pocket and poker chips and cards in the other. He moved into the Phi Beta house and there he stayed until one day in March when Helen Marcincavage moved his trunk into her apartment and changed her card under the doorbell to Mrs. Day. Max enjoys sports without exception and excels in all. With a philosophy of living life from day to day. and taking everything in stride. Max manages to find pleasure in every day. After an internship, probably at Salt Lake County General Hospital, the Days plan to settle in the Salt Lake region and administer to the ailments that befall the feminine world. Navy. 30A physician' physiology has much the same relation to his power of healing as a clergic’s divinity has to his power of influencing conduct. —Samuel Butler ROSCOE EUR DEI, JR. On his father's 2000-acre stock farm in the great northwest. Roscoe learned his first lessons in the meaning of work and developed his love of the plains. A native of Wessington Springs. S. D.. he went to Wessington Springs College and took pre-clinical years study at the University of South Dakota. In college he distinguished himself in debating as a member of the varsity squad for four years and climaxed his debating career by winning fourth place in national oratory in 1940-At the University of South Dakota he was sophomore class president and travelling representative for the university. W'e know Roscoe as an eager, industrious student, serious-minded and thorough. Roscoe and his wife, the former Helen Hay. are now the proud parents of a year-old boy. Roscoe the III. A man of religious nature. Dean feels that the finest literature he has ever read is to be found in the King James version of the Bible. He will intern at Ancker Hospital. St-Paul. Minn., and intends to practice in South Dakota. Army. ■ 31It i true that joy can activate the nervoun system more efficiently than all the cardiac stimulant that can be had from the druKRist. - -Schiller This congenial, friendly native of Sunbury. Pa., obtained a part of his preparation for life and the practice of medicine at the Sunbury High School. Mercersburg Academy, and the University of Pennsylvania. At Penn Undergraduate School he majored in English receiving his B.A. degree, participated in various sports being a member of the varsity basketball team and having an active interest in swimming, football, and baseball. Here he was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon and of the Varsity Club. Since coming to Temple he has become a brother of Alpha Kappa Kappa. Easy-going George doesn’t appear to be a candidate for hypertension and we will be looking forward to seeing him come back for the 1993 reunion still taking his time and still manifesting the same interest in the human angle of every situation. Internship: Temple University Hospital: Army. GEORGE H DEITRICR, JR. 22How many errors have been committed because the physician ha not been able to discern, under the mask of the invalid, a man. —E. Rist ANGELES DIRZ Scnorita Maria de Las Angeles Diaz y Riveria, otherwise known as Angie, is our Puerto Rican representative. Our Caribbean territory could scarcely have furnished a more amiable member for the class. Angie accomplishes the impossible in that she retains all of the dignity of her blue-blooded Spanish ancestors and at the same time holds her own with her somewhat less sedate Yankee associates. Her contagious smile and charming accent are colorful additions to a class which has representatives from almost every clime. She was educated in pre-medical subjects at the University of Puerto Rico where she was also a member of Eta Gamma Delta Sorority. Her favorite sports have been horseback riding and seashore activities. Occasionally in spare hours she enjoys reading the literature and history of Spain, the land of her birth. Angie took a junior internship at St. Joseph’s Hospital. Reading. Pa. Eventually she plans to specialize in obstetrics and gynecology at her native island following internship at King's County Hospital in Brooklyn. N. Y. 33Judge n physician by his cures. —Paracf.i us From Lancaster County with its beautiful gardens and fertile farms comes Leon. He is one who gets the most out of life by not taking it too seriously. Possessed with good judgment, the perplexity of making decisions bothers Leon but little, as he usually makes the right choice, gridiron bets notwithstanding. His good-naturedness and willingness to lend a hand to others gives him the respect of all. Pre-medical education in biology and chemistry majors netted him a B.S. from Franklin and Marshall College. Several summer vacations have been spent working for Lancaster's well-known cork company and travelling up and down America’s countryside. Leon is a familiar sight in his Chevy coupe, at the bridge table, or with his candid camera in hand. Following internship at Lancaster General Hospital. Leon will do his bit with the Army Medical Corps. 34Many funeral dUcredit a physician. —Bf.n Jon son In the fire of a bombastic harangue Drape informs us that he is a West, "by gawd." Virginian. This is to stamp out for all time the northern misconception that West Virginia is a part of Virginia. Harry attended college somewhere in the western part of Virginia at an Institute of Technology and University where he distinguished himself as editor of the paper, varsity trackman, and musician in the band and glee club. With characteristic ambition he worked in several industrial companies and with the highway commission. Taken by the wanderlust Harry thumbed and bummed his way through most of the United States. Canada and Mexico. Coming to Temple Medical in the junior year he joined Phi Chi and developed an interest in obstetrics and orthopedics. A junior internship was served at Chestnut Hill Hospital and his senior internship will be at Philadelphia General Hospital. Harry plans to specialize in obstetrics or orthopedic surgery after he rides the waves as a Navy surgeon. HARRY RICHARD DRAPER, JR, 35- . . happineuft lies in the absorption in some vocation which satisfies the soul ... we are here to add what we can to, not to get what we can from. life. —Sir William Osler JOHN JOSEPH DRISCOLL, JR. Hyperkinetic Jack, the wild-headed Irishman from Massachusetts, descended on Temple like a storm from the North. Classmates were impressed by his tough-minded, positive, brusque manner. Those who came to know him well were enlivened by his candid, prankish humor. The accurate, detailed description of the course and relationships of the chorda tympani nerve Jack gave in anatomy quiz one day typifies his thorough approach to all branches of medicine. At Lafayette Driscoll majored in biology and did advanced study in psychiatry. Although he was a mainstay of the varsity football team, his yearning for scientific knowledge far surpassed this interest. Many summers Jack worked as a lobster commission man with old salts along the Atlantic seaboard. During the senior year love stepped into his life in the form of charming Irene McBride and they were married on April 26th. Jack's indefatigable effort and interest will carry him far in neuro-surgery, his special inclination. Internship at Grasslands Hospital: Army. J 36Work i» the center of the circumference of onc’n life in medicine, and only through the ambitiou pursuit of one's work can one continue to enjoy the routine tasks and smile at disappointment. -Verne Hunt in FRflflHUfl DR1HELLER On a farm in Sunbury, this enterprising, energetic scholar earned his tuition by raising strawberries and established for himself the title of "Strawberry King.” He received his B.A. degree at Susquehanna University, where he specialized in chemistry and biology, gave expression to his musical urge in the symphonic orchestra and band and held membership in Beta Kappa Fraternity. The Susquehanna River was his local playground and there he engaged in sailing, swimming. and fishing. During the senior year. John interned at Chestnut Hill Hospital. He has been industrious and diligent in his study of medicine and shows a keen interest and perseverance in his work. One of his favorite sports is engaging opponents in philosophical arguments. The Auer. Drumheller. and Cowdcry combination will be remembered for their lengthy, weighty, and frivolous disputations. John will be in the Army following internship at Geisinger Memorial Hospital in Danville. Pa. His chief interest is in diagnostic problems and he plans to specialize in internal medicine. 37Prevention is better than cure. •Dickens. "Martin Chuzzlewit” A native son of Philadelphia. Henry has only forsaken the City of Brotherly Love to spend summers working at seashore resorts. On the beach, no doubt, much of his interest in the so-called descendants of Eve was nourished, just as his interest in the science of medicine was stimulated at Temple University Undergraduate School. Throughout the years, classical music has been one of his favorite diversions, and throughout the noon hours of medical school days bridge in the cafeteria has been his favorite pastime. Phi Delta Epsilon is his fraternity. Reserved, yet amiable and considerate, he is a welcome party at any gathering. This winter he begins his internship at Jewish Hospital. After his experience in the Army Medical Corps he will probably resume his residence in Philadelphia practicing general medicine. HENRY J. DUDniCH 38Our foster nurse of nature Is repose. —Shakespeare, "King Lear John is our fanciful gentleman farmer who spent many pacific summer vacations rusticating at his Buck's County estate, commuting to Philadelphia, and various shore points in his trusty station wagon to fulfill the demands of society for his effervescent company. His debonair attire and nonchalance mark him as a sophisticate and cynosure whose charm has made him a popular member of Phi Chi and carried him to presidency of Babcock Surgical Society. From Philadelphia. John went to Dartmouth College and thence to Muhlcnburg where he majored in chemistry and received the B.S. degree. Following the paternal trail, he came to Temple to develop special interests in surgery, obstetrics and gynecology. Favorite avocations are Gilbert and Sullivan operettas, as well as certain outdoor and indoor sports. Internship: Temple University Hospital; Navy. 39.. . the study of medicine apart from its scientific basis creates neurotics rather than scientists. —J. B. S. Haldane HEinZ HflRL FflLUD From the Old World. Heinz sailed the Atlantic in 1938 to come to the land of opportunity for his medical education. His birthplace and home was Vienna. Austria, romantic center of much European cultural development in the past. He attended the University of Vienna, was president of his class for three years, and often engaged in skiing, mountain climbing, swimming, other forms of athletics, and attendance at the opera and symphonic concerts. His continental air and pleasing disposition have made him a welcome addition to our class. Heinz has been on his own since his arrival in the United States and earned his way through medical school doing various jobs. In January. 1943. he married Shirley Sklar of Germantown, known to all of us as the delightful hostess of our senior class party. Cardiology and pediatrics have attracted Heinz especially. He will serve his internship at Philadelphia General Hospital. Future practice of medicine he expects to effect in Germantown. Philadelphia.The lawyer are the cleverest men, the ministers are the most learned, and the doctors the mo: ible. —Oliver Wendell Holmes All you have to do to cause an uproar is ask “Moe” where he comes from -your answer sounds like something from Damon Runyon. "Dem bums” of Brooklyn have no more rabid backer in the U. S. A. than Herb. By way of Poly Prep Country Day School and Williams College where he majored in biology and chemistry. Moc got a B.A. and came to Temple. While at Williams he participated in lacrosse and wrestling and joined Phi Sigma Kappa. At Temple he is a Phi Chi and a member of Babcock Surgical Society. Some of Herb’s most vivid recollections are those relating to the summer he worked on a freighter and sailed the seas to Hawaii. Other summers he has worked as an A. P. stock auditor and engaged in such sports as golf, handball, boating and fishing. An interest in surgery, obstetrics and gynecology has been pursued as a junior intern at Northeastern Hospital in Philadelphia. Moe intends to follow his father’s steps and intern in the Navy. HERBERT CHARLES FEET, JR. 41It is a step toward health to know the disease. —Erasmus, "Adagia" The thing that marks Henry for success is his insatiable appetite for knowledge. This is well exemplified by his choice of specialty—oncology. He got his B.A. degree at the University of Alabama where he majored in chemistry and belonged to Alpha Epsilon Delta. Evidence of Flcisch's aesthetic appreciation is his excellent record collection, especially of Tschaikowsky and Dvorak, his enjoyment of John Sloanc’s paintings, and his interest in model ship building. Among his varied experiences during vacations have been travels to Europe and acting as guide at the New York World's Fair. In 1940 Henry married the lovely Marie Chmelar of Czechoslovakia. At Temple he has. through diligence and industry, achieved a topnotch rating as a student and by virtue of his kindly joviality gained many lasting friends. He will intern at New York City Hospital: Babcock Surgical Society: Army. 42For the world. I count it not an Inn. but an Hospital; and a place not to live, but to die In. —Sir Thomas Browse 1 His is Al. resourceful, ambitious business manager of the Skull. He Has Had previous experience along this line managing the knotty, financial problems of his college paper and year book at Catawba. We are fortunate to have such a staunch patriot to help shoulder responsibility for our year book. At Catawba Al was president of the Debating Society, a member of Sigma Pi Alpha, and an energetic athlete on the football and soccer teams. In past summers he held jobs as camp counselor, farm-hand, waiter, etc. A lover of travel, several years ago he broke away from Philadelphia for a hitch-hiking jaunt to Texas and found the experience stimulated the Walt Whitman Wanderlust in him. In leisure he reads from a wide range of literature and appreciates all varieties of music. Gynecology and obstetrics interest him especially. One of the drawbacks of graduation is the disruption of friendships such as have been formed with men of Al's high caliber. Internship: Temple University Hospital: Army. 43The nr of medicine i» a question of timeliness: wine timely given helps, untimely harms. —Ovid, "Remediorum Arnoris" Because of his brilliance and knowledge. Bill is highly respected by his fellow students and teachers. He majored in biology and chemistry at Rutgers University and also pursued an interest in art and military tactics. Away from the books, he is an admirable sportsman. Since medical school, occasional swimming and hiking have had to suffice, but in college. Bill was a member of the varsity football and baseball teams. In recent summers he increased his knowledge of chemistry by working at the Squibb Labs. After his service in the Army he would like to go back to his home town. New Brunswick. N. J.. to practice obstetrics and gynecology in association with Middlesex Hospital. From our associations with him we have every reason to expect high achievements from him in the future. His lovely wife, since June. 1942, is the former Rita Mallory. Internship: Temple University Hospital: Beta lota Lambda and Phi Alpha Sigma Fraternities. UJILLIflfH 8. FREEfllfln, JR. 44It is dainty to be sick, if you have the leisure and convenience for it. —Emerson. "Journals” “Members of the class, these arc not fairy tales! I never let a day go by’’ abruptly the words of wisdom of our sage adviser in physical diagnosis are brought to a close as Frumin. the fifteenth latecomer, tries to sneak into the room. Ah. classmates, can we ever forget the throttling incident of 1941? No, the memory will cling—Frumin. livid, eyes bulging from their sockets, learning for all time his lesson in punctuality. Good old Morris is also known in class as one having a keen interest in psychosomatic medicine. He delves into political and social problems and has done much reading and thinking along these lines. With his wife, the former Helen Goldberg, he shares his record collection and love of classical music. In literature, for some unknown reason he likes Arthurian legends. Special medical interests are pediatrics, child psychiatry, and neurology. Internship: Morrisania Hospital. New York: Phi Lambda Kappa Fraternity. 45Men worry over the Kreat number of disease., while doctors worry over the scarcity of effective remedies. —Ch'in Yueh-jen (c. 225 B. C.) Industrious, serious-minded Eld. a warm-hearted and genuine friend of many of us. built some of his philosophy on four years' experience at Alfred University and on such diverse occupations as church sexton, farmer, and filling station attendant. At Alfred, while earning his B.A. degree he assisted in the biology department and was a member of the German Club. These activities were dwarfed by his marriage in 1939 to Lottie Snyder. Somewhat asthenic. Eld demonstrated his tenacity and determination by gaining weight in a unique manner in order to pass his Army physical examination. He loves to while away the hours in the summertime in fishing, canoeing, swimming, and hiking. These are with the past, however, for the coming months will be taken up by internship at the New York City Hospital and then he goes to war with the Army. Special medical interests: obstetrics, gynecology, and cardiology. 46The book of Nature it that which the physician must read; and to do so he must walk over the leaves. —Paracelsus Verily it is written in letters of flame ten feet high that from small packages come big things. As the tumult and the shouting die, we see Honest John Anything-for a-laugh Gaydos haranguing his cult of Ariels, court jesters, Pucks, and psychosomaticists. At graduation from Franklin and Marshall College. Johnny ran down off the platform clutching his B.S. degree and screaming. “It doesn't mean a thing, but it’s mine, all mine!" Past history includes the usual childhood diseases plus summers of working in a drugstore, working with the American Car and Foundry Company, and serving as an assistant instructor in biology at Franklin and Marshall. John likes swimming. tennis, is fond of poetry (we suspect Byronic tastes here). His special interests in medicine arc psychiatry and surgery, accent on the surgery, in which he plans to specialize. Junior internship at Roxborough Memorial Hospital; senior internship at Harrisburg Hospital: Army. JOHfl DflniEL GAYDOS 47Every physician, almost, hath his favourite disease. —Henry Fielding Out from the roaring hearths of the steel mills strode this staunch Dutchman to captivate the affections of all who have known him. from Kiski Prep to Colgate and finally to Temple. As an undergraduate. Dutch was an eminent Fiji and played a mean brand of football. Here we have known him as a generous and persevering character, whose many sterling qualities and faculty for good humor have carried him to the president's chair in the Alpha Kappa Kappa house. April of this year found Dutch ripe for plucking and the lucky girl was Margaret Guthrie, to whose charm many of us have succumbed upon first meeting. His internship will be served at the Presbyterian Hospital in Philadelphia, where he will prepare to join the ranks of general practitioners. His choice of services is the Army.Cod hcnls, and the Doctor take the Fee. —Benjamin Franklin JflfTIES E. GLEICHERT Jim, deliberate and thoughtful, always cool and collected, is a man who has known the answers and left the disturbing impression to some that he doesn’t work at all. He was a native of Altoona until he came to Philadelphia to Temple University for his undergraduate and medical training. Extra-curricular pleasures include historical literature and classical music. 1 he quality of bridge exhibited by the Cafeteria Noon Club is improved by his smooth playing. June 3. 1043. he married Nancy Ann Cockerille. Thoracic surgery and cardiology have attracted him most and he plans to specialize in surgery. His unhurried efficiency and thoughtful action will be great assets in his chosen field. Internship: Geisinger Memorial Hospital. Danville. Pa.: Army; Pyramid Society. 49There Is a tfrcat difference between a good physician and a bad one; yet very little between a good one and none at all. —Arthur Young, 1787 Bill presided competently and faithfully over our formal and informal sessions for three years. Then, in order to forestall fourth term party split and retain control, the Phi Chi’s introduced a dark horse and made William presiding senior of the fraternity. Bill and Virginia are enthusiastic protagonists of the theory that medical students are better off married in their freshman year. Three summers of bicycling in Europe, four years at Colgate, and a stretch with a New York real estate firm, have given Bill a debonair suavity which should send him patients in droves. A touch of the continental never hurts, we understand. Special interests are hunting, surf fishing, skiing, sketching, and camping. Surgery in Massachusetts will find the Goodspeeds in close attendance if things go as planned. Senior internship at Muhlenberg Hospital. Plainfield. N. J.; Navy. 50The daughter of limb-relaxing Bacchus and limb-relaxing Aphrodite is limb-relaxing Gout. —Hedylus His home since birth has been Philadelphia. He attended Temple University Undergraduate School, where he earned a B.A. degree in pre-medical sciences. As vice-consul he served the medical fraternity. Phi Delta Epsilon, in his senior year. Big. angular Joe. quiet, unobtrusive and friendly, has gained the respect of his classmates by his modest manner and consideration for others’ feelings. Joe has spent his summers working at various jobs, swimming, and playing tennis. On June 20. 1943, Florence Rosen and Joe were married. His internship will be at Jewish Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. Here he can devote some attention to internal medicine, obstetrics, and gynecology, his favorite subjects. Joe will serve his country as a first lieutenant. Medical Corps. U. S. A. He plans finally to practice in Philadelphia. Pa. 51Polite diseases make some idiots vain. Which, if unfortunately well, they feign. —Young From Villanova. where he graduated with a B.S. in chemistry. Dick entered upon the study of medicine with an equanimity based on his proficiency in other occupations. As a sailor. Captain Richard is as familiar with the New Jersey coast, after running deep-sea fishing parties for the past seven years, as is Dr. Huber with the dorsal arterial pattern of the foot. As a businessman Dick has demonstrated his abilities by serving two years as house chairman of Phi Alpha Sigma, and by recurrently anticipating the local demand for pocket flashes, batteries, and imported cigarettes. In December, of 1942, Dick married Anne Marie Christoph, sweetheart of his college days. In medical school, orthopedics and obstetrics have had special appeal for him. After an internship in and service with the Navy he will probably settle down to a general practice in New Jersey or Pennsylvania. 52When men n rinngerous disease did 'scape Of old. they gave him a cock to Acsculape. —Ben Jonson Outspoken individualist. Valerie is a staunch champion and vigorous exponent of the important place of woman in modern society. Coming to Temple from coeducational Ursinus. where she was a member of Hall Chemical and Anders pre-medical societies, she soon impressed all her friends and acquaintances with her determination to know all about everything with which she came in contact in lab or clinic. Not dismayed by the winter s grind, she worked during the summer as well, and during one period of her medical course even found time and energy to hold down a full-time night job in a defense plant. Val is not a maid of all work and no play, for she also is a reader of catholic taste, an amateur writer, and an admirer of good music, especially Bach. She is a devotee of the bull session, where people really say what they think. After an internship at Philadelphia General Hospital she will go into civilian practice, hoping eventually to specialize in surgery or gynecology and obstetrics, unless she is permitted to serve in the Army Medical Corps. 53Nor bring, to see me cease to live. Some doctor full of phrase and fame. To shake his sapient head, and give The ill he cannot cure, a name. — MaTTHEW ARNOLD (1822-1888) LRUREI1CE CRANE GRIESELT1ER Larry came to Temple by way of Pingry School and Amherst College, where he was a member of Phi Gamma Delta. A Phi Chi at Temple, Larry is also a member of Babcock Surgical Society and has found time to take a junior internship at Northeastern Hospital. Quiet and unassuming. the "Ace" says little and sees much: his characteristic swagger is well known and its owner respected by the whole class. During past summer vacations Larry alternated camping trips in the Adirondacks with loading trucks in Elizabeth, N. J. In the winter he has spent most of his spare time on a 7' foot pair of hickories, but we suspect that these skiing trips have had a dual purpose, for his fiancee, and erstwhile roommate's erstwhile date, is also a devotee of the sport. He goes to New York City to intern at the Lenox Hill Hospital following graduation; Army. 54I’m ill. I end for Symmachus; he' here. An hundred pupil following in the rear: All feel my pulse, with hands as cold a snow: I had no fever then—1 have it now. Martial (c. 40-140 A. D.) Oberlin College, the cradle of coeducation, gave Jerry his start on the paths to higher learning. During the course of four years there, in addition to making a thorough study of the modern results of this educational pioneering, he joined White House, made local history as captain and star of the swimming team, and participated in varsity soccer, track, and intramural sports. Graduating with a B.A. in economics he went to the University of Michigan for more pre-medical work before entering Temple to study medicine. Here his broad smile and ready tongue have made him many friends and his charter membership in the Cafeteria Bridge Club has provided him with almost as many bridge partners. Besides medicine his interests lie in a continued participation in outdoor activities, in reading pocket book classics, and in listening to an occasional symphony. During the course of school years and summers he has worked at almost everything from waiter and artist's model to lifeguard, camp counselor and day laborer. He hopes eventually to practice medicine somewhere in the midwest. Army; internship: Temple University Hospital. 55It is impossible at the same time to seek riches and to practice medicine worthily, for he who eagerly cleaves to the one must of necessity neglect the other. —Galen (130-200 A. D.) Cool, calm and collective in his approach to the fair sex, George is also well known to us for his generosity, his ever-changing repertoire of rumors, and his efficient discharge of the duties of first sergeant. This friendly lad. the epitome of gentlcmanliness. came to the North after four years at the University of Florida, where he was a member of Alpha Sigma Pi and Kappa Sigma and was active in intramural sports, fraternity functions and social affairs in general. A man of varied experience, he has roamed from Bermuda and Key West to Canada and the coast of Maine for the past eighteen summers, sometimes working, but always enjoying to the fullest the available swimming, sailing, golfing and partying. After service in the Army he hopes to return to Palm Beach to practice surgery. Phi Chi Medical fraternity; internship: New ork City Hospital. GEORGE RRYDflD GRIfDES 56Physical ills nrc the taxes laid upon this wretched life; some are taxed higher, and some lower, but all pay something. —Lord Chesterfield. "Letters." 1757 HflRLE BURIOd GROVER From his birthplace in East Ely. Nevada. Harle covered a large area of the country (with a bouncing stride, we bet) before he came to Temple Undergraduate School to earn his B.S. in biology. Although he was there but three years, with characteristic zeal he found time to participate in gymnastics, varsity wrestling, swimming, fencing, dramatics and glee club. In addition he served as vice-president of Hammond Pre-Medical Society and treasurer of Templaycrs. Since entering medical school. Harle has continued an enviable record of scholarship, as well as being recording secretary of Alpha Kappa Kappa for two years. During summers Harle has found outlet for his athletic prowess in aquatic directing at various camps, life guarding and forest ranging at Maine’s Acadia National Park. July of this year he was married to Frances Nicholson. His special interests lie in the fields of neuro-surgery and orthopedics and he plans to specialize in surgery. Internship: Abington Memorial Hospital; Army. 57A prattling physician is another disease to a sick man. -Menander (342-271 B. C.) 0. ERflEST GRUfl Perennial politician, fencc-straddler extraordinary and serious student. O. E. spends a large share of his time denying that his thinning locks have the classical moth-eaten appearance. His impassioned rebuttal and negative serology usually serve to convince doubters. Utah is past and future home to Ernie, and there he hopes to practice internal medicine. At the University of Utah he evidenced an interest in bacteriology, joined Pi Kappa Alpha. Phi Sigma and Zcta Phi Zcta. At Temple he is a Phi Beta and member of the Babcock Surgical Society, and he found time to serve a junior internship at Taylor Hospital. Ridley Park. Pa. Ernie’s accounts of his summer activities sound like a combination travel folder and educational movie, everything from fruit handler and taxi driver to hunter and fisher. For good measure he has an appreciation of classical music, a commodity he has occasionally dispensed. Senior internship: Alameda County Hospital. Oakland. Calif.: Army. 58. . . If a physician or a steersman were in slavery, he would be obeyed. —Diogenes the Cynic (412-323 B. C.) Nebraska-born Ben left the West for his education. He came to Pennsylvania to college at Mansfield for a B.S. in education and to do post-graduate work in social studies. Then the medical bug bit him and he came to I emple. At college, he diverged into band, orchestra and choir, built up a hobby of photography and model building, and was elected to Sigma Zeta, honorary science fraternity. Pie shouldn't have much trouble shifting any worries to the winds, if he follows through with the many forms of occupational therapy he has already engaged in. such as fishing, hunting, electrical and chemical home laboratory work, tennis, hiking, basketball, and cycling. Last year Ben married Eleanor Cotter and plans to settle down for a life of domestic bliss, as much as that is compatible with the life of a busy practitioner. He will intern at the Protestant Episcopal Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa.; Army. BEUfl CLARK GLUIRfl 59Medicnl men don't learn to know druK they use, nor their prices. —Roger Bacon (1214-1294) Jack, jovial West Virginian, is luckily endowed with the faculty for distributing his energies between work and play so as to gain the greatest benefits and enjoyment from each. A Morgantown lad from birth to maturity, he attended the University of West Virginia, where he received his pre-medical and pre-clinical training. Chemistry and psychology were subjects of prime interest to him in collegiate days. Here, he played in the band and orchestra, enjoyed such sports as swimming and canoeing, and started his hobby of collecting antiques, especially old guns. He is a lover of classical music and spent a summer in 1940 playing in a symphony orchestra at Green Brier Hotel. In 1941 when the motorcycle craze hit him. he travelled much of Virginia. West Virginia and Pennsylvania. Jack is quite interested in radiology and plans to become affiliated with a hospital as a specialist in radiology. He interns at Orange County General Hospital in Orange, Calif.; Phi Beta Pi Fraternity; Army. 60Doctors arc a social cement. —Lord Salisbury THOmflS T. HflRflDfl From the lush tropicana of Hawaii by way of the North Dakota University School of Medicine comes young Thomas to seek his place in the sun. 1 he sun is here. Tommy, but unaccompanied by clear water, white beaches, surf boards, or wild gardenias. Behind a mcphistopheliangrin. Tommy is wont to conceal his true lights, so if you think you got in the last word, you're mistaken: Socrates never had a more apt pupil. Although anxious to get back to diving for fish with spear and goggles. Tommy will delay (U. S. Army notwithstanding) long enough to take his senior Internship at St. Joseph’s Hospital. St. Paul. Minn., where he likes “to see the snow piled up on the ground.” General practice, with a position on the staff of one of the large pineapple plantations. is the pearl in Tommy’s oyster. By the way. Tom. what happened to that speculum? B.S., University of Hawaii: Kappa Sigma Fraternity; Army. 61Divide your Attentions equally between books and men. —Sib William Oslf.r In his lifetime. Bill has driven a Budweiser beer truck, been a life guard, and married Grace M. Coughlan—three startling activities that have no interrelationship. I he first lasted for a summer in the dim past, the second lasted four summers, and the third promises to last a lifetime to quote their own pledges of last March 3. Bill, thereafter, attended morning classes religiously, a fact which probably has no significance. Bill is a self-styled westerner from North Dakota, has a passion for manly sports, swimming, skiing and hunting included. At the University of North Dakota he was house manager of Phi Delta Theta, a member of Beta Sigma Alpha, and active in boxing and intramural hockey. After his internship at Tacoma General Hospital, he plans to return to the bleak wastes of Montana and settle down, the Army and God willing. Phi Beta Pi Fraternity. lUILLIflm P. HAUSER 62Phyuldam are the only true natural philosophers. —Thomas Hobbes The Dean saw no evil, heard no evil, spoke no evil, but admitted this English major, this gay dog (as he prefers not to be known), to the school of medicine. Endowed with an abysmal horror of the split infinitive, Chan read his Smith and Gault with mixed emotions, making illegible scribblings in the margins. When not dodging class communists or propounding "Exodus to Liberia” legislation, he dodged the pigeons at the Academy of Music in order to hear his favorite orchestra. At Haverford College, Pa.. Chan high-jumped into oblivion on the track team, was a member of the glee club and quartet, taught in the Janitors’ School and was secretary of the Cap and Bells Club. In July, 1943, he married Anne Daly Osier of Chappaqua. N. Y. Special interests in medicine are surgery, gynecology and obstetrics. Senior internship at Temple University Hospital; Navy. » 631 he most obstinate Stoic, exposed to the agonies of a calculous colic will never be able to boast that he has not experienced any pain. —Schiller RALPH HOGSHEAD, JR. On May 21. 1919. as the sun wended its weary way up over the Blue Ridge Mountains and the Martins and Coys set out for a new day of feudin'—the “ridge runner” was born. Hoggie tooted his trombone through Montgomery High. University of West Virginia Undergrad School and was promptly given a B.A. Not to be stopped at this point, he spent two more years there in prc-clinical medical school getting a B.S. and finally transferred to Temple in his junior year. At college. Ralph was a member of Phi Sigma Kappa and later Phi Chi Medical Fraternity. As a a civilian pilot he has greatly enjoyed amateur flying. He likes obstetrics and gynecology, and. when asked what he plans to do in the future, claims he aims to get back to the good old hills of West, "by the grace of God.” Virginia where mountaineers are always free. His college experience in the R. 0. T. C. has given him a valuable background for his service in the Army. Junior internship: Chestnut Hill Hospital. Philadelphia: senior internship: Germantown Dispensary and Hospital. 64Take back home a homesick person whose agonies have reduced him to a skeleton and he is quickly rejuvenated. —Schiller Little Tommy, aged nine, is a first-class model airplane builder. His old man. known to us as Hutch, must perforce render assistance as consulting engineer before settling down to Osier et al in the evenings. Hutch’s rather impressive existence began in 1907 in Flatwoods, W. Va. While an undergraduate at the West Virginia University, he married Helen Louise Buseman. After collecting B.S. and B.A. degrees, he taught high school in Sutton until he entered the West Virginia University School of Medicine. Hutch is headed for general practice, “somewhere in West Virginia,’’ following his internship at the Charleston General Hospital. Charleston. W. Va. When you’re cornin’ round the mountain. Hutch, watch that lateral stability. Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity: Army. 65At » time when few things are called by their right name , when It is against the spirit of the times even to hint that an act may entail consequences—you are going to join a profession in which you will be paid for telling men the truth . . . —RuDYARD KlPLJNG (1908) PHILIP II1USSER IfiEY, JR. Although his lean taciturnity and dry humor suggest an Atlantic Coastal background, actually Phil has lived in almost every section of the United States outside of New England. He decided on Ursinus College for his pre-medical work, after finally settling in Pennsylvania, and from there came to Temple, with a prayer on his lips and a skeleton named Philena in a box to help him in passing the pitfalls of the freshman year. They worked, he did, and while medicine became more absorbing, his extra-curricular interests also developed, culminating with his marriage to Katherine R. Hummel in March. 1943. Among Phil’s special attributes are a phenomenal knowledge of all makes and models of automobiles and a characteristic calm, unhurried bearing on all occasions, the latter of which at least will prove of value in the general practice he hopes to enter upon following internship at Methodist Hospital. Philadelphia, and service with the Army. 66The dignity of n physician requires that he shall look healthy, and ns plump n nature intended him to be ... Then he must be clean in person, well dressed, nnd anointed with sweet-smelling unguents that are not in any way suspicious . . . —HlPPOCRATF.S (c. 460-357 B. C.) DEMID RICHARD IRCHSOR At home with his wife. Beth. Bernic, skilled punch mixer and spaghetti cook, has delighted his friends as the host par excellence. A raconteur of ability, he derives many of his stories from his extensive tours throughout United States. Mexico, and Canada and anecdotes from Ellery Queen’s mysteries which he loves to read. He was circulation manager of his college newspaper and a member of the basketball, golf, and tennis teams at Wake Forest College. N. C. At present, one thing that Bernic gets a kick out of is watching Lach cringe as he tells him in characteristic Jacksonian manner of his plans for the future and about his philosophy of life. Jackson took a junior internship at Doctors' Hospital this year. After Navy life he would like to establish a clinic, preferably in California, his favorite clime, to follow his special interest—surgery. Pi Kappa Alpha Fraternity. 67Your patient hn no more right to all the truth than he has to all the medicine in your saddle-bag. He should get only so much as is good for him . . . —Oliver Wendell Holmes Although born on October 15, 1918 in Scranton, Pa., Helen spent most of her pre-college life in Asbury Park. N. J.. where she attended high school. From here she went to Monmouth Junior College. Then, desiring to see more of the country, she took a pre-medical course at the University of Michigan, where her extra-curricular interests centered about music and dramatics with memberships in the choir and dramatic society as well as active participation in the Psychology Club and German Club. She has spent many an enjoyable summer at the shore where she also picked up some valuable knowledge as an assistant in one of the beach first aid stations. Helen more well known as "Jonesy” to her closer friends, has developed a special interest in pediatrics and obstetrics. In the latter half of her senior year Helen interned at Chestnut Hill Hospital. Following graduation she will intern at Jersey City Medical Center.There are only two sorts of doctors, those who practice with their brains, and those who practice with their tongues. —Sir William Osler GEORGE FRflnCIS HfifTlEn Red-headed. husky-voiced George hails from Caldwell. N. J. A graduate of Yillanova College, he came to Temple sporting letters and trophies won on the field of athletic encounter. Belying his physical stature. George is calm and retiring, unless unnecessarily irritated by physical or mental torments. His bass voice found its way into the Glee Club atVillanova, where it proved its merit in an artistic sense as well as at shouting signals on the football field. At college he was a member of the Varsity Club. Phi Kappa Pi Engineering Fraternity, and the American Chemical Society. Red has worked as a stevedore, in the shipyards and steel works, as well as being a bread salesman before coming to medical school. As a result of his special interest and activity in research. George is affiliated with the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine. Recently, he has published a paper, dealing with an original hypothesis, on the breakdown of fats in the “shock’' syndrome. Internship at Abington Memorial Hospital; Army.He In the bent physician who is the best inspirer of hope. --S. T. Coi.F.RlDCF.. This fun-loving, genial Philadelphia gentleman spent pre-medical years at Malvern Prep School and Villanova College. At Malvern he was president of the Varsity Club and a “Blue and Whiter.” At Villanova. Lambda Kappa Delta was his fraternity. He participated in football and ice hockey, and served on the Mendel Bulletin staff. During summer vacations John spent much time at Ventnor. N. J.. worked as filling station attendant and camp counselor, and had extensive travels throughout the United States. Mexico. Canada. Hawaiian Islands, and Bermuda. Profitable time has been spent gaining experience in his father’s office and at the Doctors’ Hospital where he interned in his senior year. At present he is engaged for the matrimonial future to Gertrude McAllister. At Temple. John joined Alpha Kappa Kappa and was elected to Babcock Surgical Society. His special interests are internal medicine, obstetrics, and gynecology. He will intern at Temple University Hospital and then serve with the Navy.Chance favors th .repared mind. —Louis Pasteur Member of the great Kolmer. Jackson. Lachman triumvirate. John, by virtue of his winning smile and kindly manner, has won the friendship of all who have known him. Since birth he has lived in the vicinity of Philadelphia, attending Haverford High School and Temple University Undergraduate School. He is one of our classmates who will intern at Temple University Hospital. He has not yet decided upon a specialty, but will probably enter the field of internal medicine. Several summers not devoted to the pursuit of happiness were employed in working for General Electric and the Philadelphia Electric Company. John was elected to the Babcock Surgical Society and interned as a senior at Northeastern Hospital. For his part in the war. John will be with the Navy. 71Doctors do more good to mankind without a prospcct of reward than any profession of men whatever. Samuel Johnson Mat is probably the most travelled man in the class, having rolled many thousands of miles between Trenton and Philadelphia commuting to the Temple School of Liberal Arts and the School of Medicine. He is the youngest of four brothers, all Army Medical Corps M.D.'s. and has spent some time assisting in one brother’s office. Mat enjoys most sports, gardening, and good music. He is a master at the art of relaxation and will upon occasion regale his listeners with Trentonisms; these consist of anecdotal material about as subtle as a General Sherman tank. After the conflagration. Mathew expects to practice internal medicine in Trenton. He will take a senior internship at Mercer Hospital. Trenton. N. J.: Army. 72Before the curing of a strong disease, even In the instant of repair and health, the Fit is strongest. —Shakespeare. "King John CHARLES A. LflUBflCH, JR. This red-headed, energetic enthusiast is our representative from Pennsylvania State College. Here he supplemented his scientific pre-medical course with studies in language, literature, and social subjects, receiving his B.A. degree. At college he was active in basketball and tennis, tooted his horn in the band, and was affiliated with the Penn State Club. Christian Association, and Wesley Foundation. Before the accelerated program. Charlie worked summers in Berwick. Pa., his home town, at a local department store and with the government census bureau, fingerprinting division. An eager student in the best sense of the word. Charlie devoured pathology and developed a special interest in internal medicine in which he intends to specialize. He did some junior interning at Bloomsburg Hospital and will go to Abington Memorial Hospital. Philadelphia, for his senior internship. Military service: the Army. 73Greatness consists not in the holding of some future office, but really consists in doing great deeds with little means and the accomplishment of vast purposes from the private ranks of life. —Russell H. Conwell Curly-headed John uttered his first howl of protest November 2. 1916, in Lcwisburg, Pa. At Buckncll University he received his B.S. degree after having concentrated his efforts on chemistry, biology, and mathematics. Here he developed his athletic abilities with tennis, handball, and soccer. Just before Christmas in 1942 he married Frances Dubin, medical technician. In the distant future John and his wife plan to live in Lcwisburg where he will specialize in obstetrics and surgery, the two fields which interest him most. He will serve in the Army after an internship at Mercer Hospital. Trenton. N. J. Aside from his work, he will continue to indulge in his favorite hobby, photography. JOHN YOUNG LEIGER 74I firmly believe that if the whole materia medica could be sunk to the bottom of the tea, it would be all the better for mankind and all the worse for the fishes. —Oliver Wendell Holmes CHARLES L. LEOflfiRD Charlie joined our junior class after getting educated at Davis-Elkins College and West Virginia University. College work and pre-clinical studies at West Virginia University netted him B.A. and B.S. degrees. He was a member of Chi Beta Phi Honorary Fraternity and with his characteristic industry and resourcefulness upheld the job of business manager of his college paper. During high school and college he functioned as grocery store clerk on the side and indulged in his favorite diversions—fishing and hunting. At Temple he served loyally as presiding junior in the Phi Chi Fraternity. Taking a junior internship at Germantown Dispensary and Hospital, he was accepted as senior intern at the same institution. Under the spell of Dr. Burnett’s charm he was converted to surgery and plans to specialize in this field in the future. Navy. 75There are worse occupations in this world than feeling a woman's pulse. —Sterne Mary is a local girl whose festive board is reputed the best in all Philadelphia. We will remember her as a particularly energetic student who never slept in class, an almost unheard of state of wakefulness for most of us hypotensives. While at Immaculata College, Mary was associate editor of the college year book and school paper, an officer in the German Club, member of the Glee Club, and was graduated in biology. Along with side-kick Stell Mclman. she was a student intern at Philadelphia State Hospital and a junior intern at the Woman's Hospital. These experiences helped to stimulate her interest in obstetrics and gynecology. After interning at the Miscri-cordia Hospital. Mary expects to practice in Philadelphia, along lines of obstetrics, gynecology, and pediatrics. Her favorite sport is travelling; at the moment, we sympathize. 76• • • In the physician or surgeon no quality takes rank with imperturbability . . . —Sir William Oslek Unable to convince Dr. Pritchard that the mammary gland is the most important accessory organ of the skin. “The Great Wide Father" lumbered along, and here he is a senior. At this writing. Mac is the head of the class Paternity Club, with three fine young bairns already in his nursery. Pax Vobiscum. Pater Familias (which is a Scottish battle cry meaning. "The MacKinnons are coming, hurrah, hurrah!”). Mac studied at the University of Berlin. Princeton, and Temple University Undergraduate School, during which time his activities centered about literary and artistic endeavor, particularly poetry and graphic art. Other favorite diversions have been photography. golf, fishing, boating, and swimming. Mac and Patty (Robinson), whom he married in May. 1939, also have quite a respectable collection of recorded music. Mac hopes to practice orthopedics in Philadelphia and perhaps sire another Bobby Burns. Army: Babcock Surgical Society: internship at Temple University Hospital: Skull. sterlhig a. mm 77While the doctors consult, the patient dies. John Heywood. "English Proverbs" WALTER HUGH HALOAEY The temperamental, cheerful, capable Walt is a person of many and diverse interests. Though a proficient boxer and good athlete, he devoted most of his extra-curricular time at Allegheny College to the Allegheny Singers, of which he was a tenor member, and to the Outing Club, of which he was president. Walt also won his wings in the C. A. A. student training program and was a prominent brother of Sigma Alpha Epsilon and Phi Beta Phi. At Temple to which he came with a B.A. in biology, he was elected to Babcock Surgical Society in his sophomore year, has consistently maintained a high standard of scholarship, and has managed to become almost as familiar a figure during the small hours at the hospital as Miss Dinkelacker, night supervisor. He married Arlene Scherer in October. 1943. Walt's special interests lie in the fields of anesthesia and bronchoscopy. in which he hopes to practice after internship at Temple University Hospital and service with the Army. 78The dinobedient patient makes an unfeeling physician. —Publius Syrus Bcrnic won the Hammond Pre-Medical award, came to Temple and is at present enjoying the title of “Most Ethical Consultant” at the Jewish Hospital. This indefatigable student is interested in everything. One day he unearthed some figures concerning the percentage of the population over fifty years of age—result, his future specialty, geriatrics. Bernie is also interested in idiopathic diseases, a fact which we believe bodes well for the advancement of medicine. Past summers have been spent as camp counselor and at the Lankenau Research Institute. History of medicine, literature, and operatic music occupy many of his leisure hours. Secretary and treasurer of Phi Lambda Kappa Fraternity. Senior internship at Jewish Hospital: Army. 79To preserve a man alive in the midst of so many chances and hostilities, is as great a miracle a to create him. —Jeremy Taylor. "Holy Dying’ A Philadelphian from the word “go." which was ’way back in 1920, Stcll prc-medicated at Temple where she was a member of the Liberal Arts Club for women, the Jewish Student Association. and Hammond Pre-Medical Society. Debating and psychology fascinated her at undergraduate school. Extra-curricular diversions are creative writing, the theatre, music, dancing, and Mary E. Longo. During recent summers, she has been camp counselor, librarian at Philadelphia Free Library, and student intern at Philadelphia State Hospital. Stell is particularly interested in internal medicine, pediatrics and psychiatry. Although her plans for the distant future are indefinite the present finds her well occupied with senior activities and junior internship at the Woman's Hospital. Upon graduation she will go to Jewish Hospital to serve her senior internship. ESTELLE 1LIM1 80True knowledge of anatomy can alone be obtained by the study of this, the only correct authority, the body of man. —Vesalius CHARLES G. H. URGES Blessed with three Christian names—Charles, George, and Henry—"Meninges” migrated from Menges Mills in York County. Pa., to reside in York. Later he attended Gettysburg College, where aside from interests at Hood College and memberships in various organizations including Phi Sigma Kappa Fraternity, he devoted much time to the band and orchestra. A talented tenor sax man. he crossed the Atlantic with the Gettysburg Collegian Dance Band, employed by a Cunard White Star liner. It was a tense moment when England's declaration of war on Germany left them stranded in England, but fortunately George returned to us to become a highly respected classmate and an enthusiastic student of medicine. His favorite sports are swimming and tennis—his cultural diversion. Duke Ellington’s hot licks. For internship he goes to York Hospital. After service with the Army, he will specialize in obstetrics and gynecology or else in surgery, probably returning to York. Pa., to practice. 81Languor seize the body from bad ventilation. —Ovid, "Ars Amotoria” PEGGY (T1ESCHTER FISHER From Long Island City. N. Y.. Peggy came back to the city of her birth for her undergraduate and medical schooling at Temple University. In college she was an active member of the German and Biology Clubs and also found time to teach in the physical education department and do social service work in settlement houses. At medical school Peggy’s classmates were rapidly won over by the friendliness, sympathy, and understanding which have made her a favorite with all who have come in contact with her. For two years she was class secretary. On June 6. 1942. Peggy combined matrimony with medicine, but she didn’t stray far afield, for Samuel H. Fisher is also an M.D. She will intern at Methodist Episcopal with the merry crew of Nicholson. Osborn. Reichwcin. Irey and Uric. She plans to specialize in the field of obstetrics and gynecology. 82Happy is the physician who is called in at the end of the illness. —Rabelais From ’way up-state comes the man with the longest hair in the class, a walking advertisement for tonsorial fertilizer. At Lebanon Valley College. Herb received a B.S. in chemistry, was vice-president of the Biology Club, member of the student council, and active participant in archery, fencing, and photography. Summers were spent at Mt. Gretna, viewing the state of Maine, and working in Hershey. Pa., amusement park. In December. 1942, Herb married Audrey J. Council of Hershey. Obstetrics is one of Herb’s special interests in medicine, but surgery will probably be his practicing specialty. Senior internship at Eastern Maine General Hospital. The combination of up-state Pennsylvania and down-east Maine should produce an engaging accent. Service: Army. 83Ignorance in not so damnable ns humbug, but when it prescribes pills it may happen to do more harm —George Eliot JAR1ES EDWARD DULLER After a short term at St. Francis College and three years at Washington and Jefferson College. Jim received his sheepskin which represented a major in biology, a minor in chemistry, and a B.S. degree. At Washington and Jefferson, this enterprising coal cracker from Barncsboro, Pa., became a member of Phi Sigma Biological Fraternity and a loyal brother of Phi Delta Theta. Tennis and bridge were his favorite diversions in college, and members of the Cafeteria Bridge Club know that Jim is still an eager student of Culbertson. At Temple. Jim was elected to Babcock Surgical Society and was further honored by being chosen vice-president of our class in the junior year. Conscientious and sincere in his approach to medicine. Jim got some extra experience serving a junior internship in the Windber Hospital at Windber, Pa. He goes with the Army after serving his senior internship at Temple University Hospital. 84No man values the best medicine if administered by a physician whose person he hates or despises. —Jonathan Su’ift (1667-1745) » Bill's surname is peculiarly appropriate to the territory from which he comes a valley lined by spouting Bessemer converters. In the locality of Monaca, Pa., his home, Milliron labored in an iron mill for a year after graduation from Geneva College to earn the wherewithal for the beginning of his medical course. At Geneva, afternoon tea. bull sessions, contact with the fair sex, and chess added a lighter touch to his pre-medical course. After a trying freshman year in the turbulent Driscoll-Caldwell atmosphere of 1424 W. Ontario Street. Bill moved to the Phi Chi house for a more peaceful existence. In all probability he will enter general practice following service with the Army, although his interest in pediatrics and obstetrics may lead him to specialize in one of these fields. Internship: Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, Pa. 85To ntudy the phenomena of disease without books is to sail an uncharted sea, while to study books without patients is not to go to sea at all. —Sir William Osler Pennsylvanian Mel has trod the Temple corridors with reserve and dignity. After finishing his high school years at Meadville. Pa., he went to Wheaton College where he majored in zoology and devoted much extra-curricular time to sports, being a member of the varsity track team for three years. During summer vacations. Mel worked in the personnel department of a large industrial concern, in a rayon mill as a chemist, and also as a house painter. Ophthalmology and pediatrics have especially drawn his attention in his medical studies. June 26. 1942, he was married to Cora Lackland. At the conclusion of his Naval service he intends to forsake the state of his nativity and move with his wife to the West, probably Colorado, with the idea of joining a group clinic in one of the western towns. Shortly after receiving his sheepskin and taking his bow he will go to Abington Memorial Hospital to intern. (TiELVin QJflYnE mODISHER 86morally and physically. If ever the human race is raised to its highest practicable level intellect 9 the science of medicine will perform the service. —Rene Descartes I BLflncHE m. mourn It seems rather incongruous to us that one so sedate and lovely as Blanche should have at one time worked as a grease monkey and camp cook, but these are facts. Nevertheless, the grace and poise with which she has excited our admiration have been unaltered by the experience and our only reaction is one of wonder at her remarkable adaptibility. Blanche has worked as a nurse, gone bicycling, and actually enjoyed sewing and cooking, withal retaining a fondness for dogs of all sorts—further evidence of her diversity. Before taking her pre-medical course at Temple University. Blanche attended Blackburn College for a while. At medical school she soon found her prime interest to be centered on the fields of obstetrics and gynecology. For a junior internship she went to Woman’s Hospital and upon graduation plans to go to the Medical Center in Jersey City for her senior internship. Eventually. Blanche will practice somewhere in New Jersey, the state of her nativity. 87Everything in excess is opposed to nature. —Hippocrates. "Aphorisms” ROBERT WILUflni RICH0L80R President of the class in his senior year. Nick displayed a hitherto unnoticed flair for matters politic and turned in a creditable job as head man. At Kenyon College where he studied pre-medically. he was a member of renowned Kappa Beta Phi Honorary Society. Philomathesian Honorary Society, president of the Pre-Medical Society, and a Delta Kappa Epsilon of no mean capacity. Active in intramural sports. Nick also devoted much time to promoting good will among the students. During his summer vacations he strove to reduce his equatorial bulge by slaving in the steel mills. His happiest diversion is attempting to avoid all forms of work, but he has been notoriously unsuccessful, to his continued annoyance! Occasionally he will shoot eighteen holes in the eighties, but more consistently will just lie comfortably under his favorite cork tree. Surgery and internal medicine both have drawn his interest, but Bob believes his specialty will be medicine. Phi Chi Fraternity; internship: Methodist Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa.; Skull; Army. 88There in but one temple in the universe, and that is the body of man. —NOVALI5 Stroudsburg, Pa., is not only noted for its beautiful surroundings, but also as the birthplace of Karl Osborn, known to one and all as "Ozzie” or "Crusty.” 1 his noted event took place in 1917; a year later the Germans heard of it and gave up the ghost. For his pre-professional training. Ozzie made the rounds of Penn State and Muhlenberg; the latter institution gave him a B.S. degree. He then came to Temple, joined Alpha Kappa Kappa and settled down to work. In September. 1941, he married Lillian E. Howard and last year was blessed with a baby girl. Linda Jane. Internal medicine, obstetrics, and pediatrics interest him most, but he claims that watching for Linda's first tooth has gripped his attention recently. Ozzie likes to play golf, handball, and read good literature in his spare time. He plans to intern at Methodist Hospital in Philadelphia and then do his best with the Army. 89The best of healers is good cheer. —Pindar. "Ncmean Ode 4" GAYLORD B. PARKHIGOI), JB. Parky, the debonair, cultured gentleman from California, after travels in Mexico, the West Coast, and Canada, decided to know the Easterners. His attention was directed to Philadelphia, one of the world’s greatest medical centers, and he soon joined our ranks. Zoology and history took a large part of his time at San Diego State College. Although the majority of his vacation time was spent sleeping, eating, and going from place to place, he managed jobs such as cook, salesman. stockroom man. florist, and gardener. “Hattie ’n Parky” became known to us in June. 1942. when Gaylord and Harriet Webber were married. Their Porresdale apartment with its unique mural whimsey. Pennsylvania Dutch furniture, homemade rugs, and other homey touches which reflect the artistic taste of these excellent hosts was recognized by medicos and friends to be one of the best local oases for rare vintages, and heated discussions of life. love, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. Internship: Temple University Hospital: Phi Lambda Xi Fraternity. 90It i part of the cure to wish to be cured. —Seneca. "Hippolytus” GEORGE FOUniRlfl PARROTT This brave little citizen, born in Norfolk. Va.. in 1918, left for Kinston, N. C., as soon as he could navigate, because he was too close to Yankeeland. A Kappa Sigma at University of North Carolina, he was intramurally athletic and was blessed in due course with a B.A. at the hands of his idol. Dr. Frank Graham. At Temple, Founts and Dr. Pritchard discovered in each other a kindred spirit who would rather shoot ducks than peer at striated muscle. A credit to Fount's artistic nature are the water colors and oils of the wild life he knows so well. Most absorbing to him recently have been the following: (I) the World War II perambulations of a World War I four-stacker, the U. S. S. Parrott, (2) the peregrinations of a small-time desperado of a former era, George “Big-Nose” Parrott. (3) pursuing his career as a surgeon, and (4 homcmaking with Dorothy Lewis Wyatt, whom he married in March. 1943. Phi Chi Fraternity: Babcock Surgical Society: Navy; internship at Temple University Hospital. V 91For the general practitioner, a well-used library is one of the few correctives of the premature senility which is so apt to overtake him. —Sir William Oslf.r I he Manhattan merry-go-round has been George's playground since birth. Several years ago he broke away for a trip around the country and in past summers he has gone to summer camps as counselor, but he is still a New Yorker at heart and speaks of his city fondly. He attended Field-son School before going to Columbia College for his pre-medical course and supplemented his scientific majors with a minor in music, affiliation with the Newman Club, and participation in the Columbia University Orchestra. At Temple. George was one of the Phi Chi brothers and found his strong suit to be internal medicine. His wide horizon of interests makes him an active participant in any conversation and his broad laugh is characteristic and universally appreciated, hollowing graduation. George and Margaret Mollner of Minnesota plan to be married. Then the Races will go to New York where George will intern at the City Hospital. Welfare Island; Army. GEORGE RLEXRflDER RACE 92William Harvey taught anatomy not from book philosopher but from the fabric of nature. but from dissections, not from supposition of —J. Ewing Mears Undoubtedly Fenn holds the record for asking more questions than anyone else in the class, but this is really an admirable trait and can be attributed to his wholesome desire to get everything straight. We have learned much from the answers his queries have called forth. Preparatory study was done at Colgate where he was a member of the track, golf, and debating teams, and vice-president of Phi Delta Theta Fraternity. Recent summers have been spent in the Adiron-dacks. His special enjoyments are golf, archery, and dancing, and many an evening you may find him waxing in heated competition with John Sabol over a dart board in one of the local gathering places. His wife, since their marriage in December. 1940. is the lovely erstwhile Zora Kimmey. Fcnn's main medical interest is in orthopedics, and he plans to practice in New’ York State. He will intern in Bridgeport. Conn.; Army; Phi Chi Medical Fraternity. 93 ' ' I cnnnot Ko to cure the body of my patient, but I forget my profession, and call unto God for his soul . . . —Sir Thomas Browne CHARLES H. RATH, JR. Charlie hails from Elizabeth, N. J. He prepared for medicine at Pingry Prep School and Colgate University where he was a member of Lambda Chi Alpha Social Fraternity and the varsity swimming team. Pie received his B.A. degree from Colgate in 1940. A sincere, conscientious student, with a deep love of medicine. Charlie will be gratified to obtain his degree, thereby realizing an ambition that originated in his early childhood. When not around the school, he can often be found observing surgical procedures in the amphitheatre for surgery is his favorite subject. Further evidence of this is the frequency with which he ties surgical knots on anything he can find. As a member of Phi Chi. Charlie has kept the house in order as house manager. He served a junior internship at Elizabeth General Hospital and is going to Grasslands Hospital. West Chester County. N. Y., in 1944; Army. 94In our study of Anatomy there is a mas of mysterious Philosophy, and such a reduced the very Heathens to Divinity. —Sir Thomas Browne Ashland. Pa., claims a long line of Reichweins. but to our mind the most illustrious is “Rick.” Phrase-coiner par excellence, Rick is responsible for many of the colloquialisms heard around school. After attending high school in his home town, he went to Muhlenberg, where his interests included varsity football, track, and getting his B.S. degree. It’s a little hard to visualize, but Rick actually trod the boards as a member of the Mask and Wig Club at Muhlenberg: (just to keep in training, no doubt). He also included in his schedule membership in the Pre-Medical Society and Varsity M Club. His rotundity and captivating good humor have earned him innumerable friends in all classes. Rick likes obstetrics and hopes to go into general practice following his internship at Methodist Hospital. Philadelphia, and sojourn in the Army. 95When I consider the assiduity of this profession, their benevolence amazes me. They not only, in Keneral, Rive their medicines for half value, but use the most persuasive remonstrances to induce the sick to come and be cured. —OLIVER GOLDSMITH (1730-1774) UJflRREfl L. REinOEHL Tall, retiring, logical Warren, a native son of the soil, came to Temple after finishing his pre-clinical work in medicine at the University of South Dakota. Born and raised on a farm, he has spent his summer vacations working with his father on the home place near Winner, S. D. In his spare time. Warren hunts the plentiful wild life of the South Dakota prairies, or angles in the nearby lakes. Having served a hitch with the National Guard, and with a college background in R. O. T. C.. he plans to serve again with the Army and then return to his home state to practice. Warren has worked as a junior intern at the Fredrick Douglas Memorial Hospital during his senior year and will serve his senior internship at the Broadlawns General Hospital in Des Moines. Iowa. S6. . medical training is not capable of developing or even originating some of the social and personal excellencies which are perhaps greater determining factors in success than a knowledge of anatomy or of organic chemistry. —JOSEPH C. DoaNE. M.D. JOHfl MRLRflE RHOADS Who among us has not been delighted by the jocularity of this merry lad? In college, aware of the imminence of war. he joined the R. 0. T. C. and in a short while was issuing orders to his cohorts as a second lieutenant in the Coast Artillery Reserve. The site of this activity was the Virginia Polytechnic Institute where he majored in biology and chemistry, receiving his B.S. degree. At college he helped in the administration of the honor system as a member of the honor court. In the interims between school work he often flies to Miami, his favorite vacationland. and occasionally he does some work down there as a truck driver’s helper. At Temple he became a member of Phi Chi Medical Fraternity and was elected to Babcock Surgical Society. Upon graduation, Jack will intern at the Philadelphia General Hospital, after which he will serve in the Army. 97Physicians, like beer, arc best when they arc old. -Thomas Fuller (1642) “Bubbles.” the Boston-born girl from the Mormon country, came to Temple after her sophomore year at the University of Utah Medical School. Her great love of living and remarkable, jovial sense of humor make her a welcome addition to any group. An enthusiast of the legitimate stage, she won several honors for her dramatic ability while attending college. Her travels throughout Europe. Canada, and the United States add flourish to her comments and conversation. From her travels she can display an amazing assortment of trinkets and souvenirs, each representing some phase of her wanderings. At home in the saddle, she loves to ride through the Rockies that surround the family summer home in Little Cottonwood Canyon. Those who have seen Lenore excitedly cheering at a good basketball game can readily vouch for her enthusiasm over this sport. After her internship at C incinnati General Hospital, she intends to return home to go into practice with her father and further pursue her love of surgery. LEflORE RICHARDS 98Sicknes comes on horscbnck. but rocs away on foot. —W. C. Hazlitt Bob’s first glimpse of the world was at Allentown, Pa., on February 16. 1918. He soon drew a bead on his life’s work and came to us via Monmouth Junior College and Temple University Undergraduate School. In the physics labs down Broad Street way. Bob found a chief interest and. resourcefully, is going to apply this to radiology, his specialty in medicine. His popularity and scholarship gave him the presidency of the Pyramid Honor Society. Perched in a beach concession. Robby added to his knowledge of applied anatomy and relieved his sinusitis. Practical experience was obtained in the Temple Accident Dispensary and at Monmouth Memorial Hospital as a junior intern. The camera, the radio, and the record player provide his other enjoyments. Bob remains at Temple University Hospital for internship, where he will devote as much time as possible to Dr. Chamberlain's department: Army.The confidence of a patient can only be gradually obtained If one use hi own language. —Schiller LflfUflR ROGERS Young La Mar came out of the West after finishing his pre-clinical years at the University of Utah. Before entering University of Utah, he attended Utah State Agricultural College, receiving a B.S. degree in chemistry and zoology. Prime interests in college and since have been piano, violin, and orchestral music as well as most sports, especially swimming, baseball, and basketball. Shortly after he entered medical school, he married Johanna Gablar. who is now a graduate nurse at Temple University Hospital. LaMar was somewhat thin then, but Jo has taken such good care of him that he joined the Army just to get some bigger clothes. Virtual jack-of-all-trades. La Mar has amused himself during seven succeeding summers by working at seven different jobs. When not thusly engaged, he often hiked in the Rockies and tried to lure the unwary trout. Future plans of the Rogers embody a trial at general practice with an eye for specialization in surgery somewhere in the West. Senior internship: Dee Hospital. Ogden, Utah. 100If a doctor’s life may not be a divine vocation, then no life is a vocation, and nothing is divine. —Stephen Paget On February 7, 1917. a cherubic bantling was born to the Rushmores in Henryville. Pa. They named him Charles, hoped he would be president some day. and sent him to Clark's Summit High School, Keystone Junior College. Brown University, and Alfred. Choosing instead to study medicine. Charles wisely selected Temple. Because of his fatherly benignity and friendly country doctor manner. "The Chief" has acquired a thriving local private practice already and also Mary E. Waite, whom he married in March. 1943. His other interests have been music and managing a summer hotel—capacity, three hundred. He was the Chief there, too. We lose this affable, familiar friend, when he goes to Providence. R. I., to intern at the Rhode Island Hospital. Zeta Psi Fraternity; B.A. from Alfred University; Army. CHARLES H. RUSHH10RE 101Water, air and cleanliness are the chief articles in my pharmacopoeia. -Napoleon Bonaparte EDWARD TAYLOR RUUD Ed. born and raised in the great Midwest, managed to earn a B.A. and B.S. from the University of North Dakota before transferring to Temple for the last two years. Alpha Tau Omega, Phi Eta Sigma. Scabbard and Blade, and debating were his legitimate activities there, but he managed tospend some time at baseball, tennis, and reading E. Queen to T. Wolfe to 0. Nash. Summers were spent in the great outdoors at numerous camps and Yellowstone Park. Son of an ophthalmologist and admirer of Dr. Lillie. E. T. aspires to a knowledge of the eye—evil or otherwise and hopes to apply it when he settles down to practicing west of the Mississippi after the Army releases him. The young Dr. Ruud will intern at Orange County General Hospital in California. 102He'» the bent physician that knows the worthlessness of the most medicines. —Benjamin Franklin. "Poor Richard." 1733 Sabol. philosopher and sympathetic consultant on any problem, developed his interest in biology, psychology, and the nature of man from his studies at Lehigh, and sought further enlightenment in the study of medicine. Along with pre-medical work he was active in dramatics, music, debating, the fine arts, and boxing. Here. too. he developed his talent for sketching. His varied interests led him into jobs as surveyor, draftsman, physics testing technician, swimming instructor, hotel clerk, and librarian. John’s excellent record collection has provided many an hour of enjoyment for music-loving medicos and their girls, and his fascination for psychiatry makes him an eager partner to any profound discussion of the motivations of man. He will intern at the Harrisburg General Hospital. Alpha Epsilon Delta Fraternity; Army: Skull. 103“What! don't you know what a Sawbones Is, Sir?" Inquired Mr. Weller. "I thought everybody know'd as a Sawbones was a Surgeon." —Dickens, "Pickwick Papers" The Doctor’s Hospital’s most cheerful junior intern is also a more or less recognized authority on chows, poodles, and the vitamin content in dog food (unpublished anecdote division). Milt is a native of Philadelphia, but strayed from town recently to test the Gulf Coast nights and the moon over Miami, which evidently weren’t enticing enough, as he says he would rather live here because the weather is so different. The Mayor’s scholarship to Temple University climaxed a scholastically and athletically successful high school career. At Temple, he played on the tennis team, joined the Hammond Pre-Medical Society, and Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity. After interning at Temple University Hospital. Milt expects to concentrate on internal medicine and pediatrics, and after the war will likely be a leading member of the Philadelphia County Medical Society. Army. 104The skillful doctor knows by observation, the mediocre doctor by interrogation, the ordinary doctor by palpation. —Chang Cmung-cminc (fl. 170-1% A D.) SIEVED SflEUCHUH Vaudeville’s loss is medicine’s gain in the person of Steve, the great imitator. Be it Dr. Nelson’s gesturing, high-arched palm. Race’s rolling rhythm. Dr. Steel’s lisping lecture, or the orthopedists' staccato enthusiasm, Steven's fertile little brain can bring them back alive. Son of a Ukrainian minister and pride of the parish. Steve's time at Temple has been passed in study, with the church, and with Olga, the future Mrs. Sawchuk. Since his chosen field is obstetrics and gynecology. we send him on his way to Episcopal with the admonition that imitation must have its limitation. Hammond Pre-Medical Society at Temple University; Army; junior and senior internships at Episcopal Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. 105Happy is that doctor who. in devoting himself to continuous scientific advance, does not neglect spiritual development. —Thomas M. Durant. M.D. 1 ransferring from South Dakota to begin his junior year at Temple came this good-natured, sincere, and conscientious student. He obtained his pre-medical and pre-clinical education at the University of South Dakota, receiving a B.A. degree and certificate of medical sciences. There he engaged in intramural boxing, basketball, and baseball. Summer activities included work as drugstore clerk, highway surveyor, and harvest hand. He enjoys visiting places of historic interest and scenic beauty in the East with his wife, the former Eleanor Schneider, whom he married in 1942. A diabetic, he has taken up the satirical challenge of the Christ. “Physician, heal thyself," and will specialize in metabolic diseases with emphasis on diabetes. Don is going to practice in the Middle West, “God's country, where you can breathe without swallowing a fish.” He will intern at Broadlawns, Polk County Public Hospital. Des Moines, Iowa. 106In illnets the physician is a father; in convalescence, a friend; when health Is restored, he is • Kuardlan. —“Brahmanic saying" This brilliant, dynamic personality has captured the admiration and respect of all who have known him and has charmed us with his dashing cosmopolitan air. Born in Harrisburg, he soon afterward was moved to Gettysburg, to which he now has strong and outspoken attachments, having received preliminary and pre-medical instruction in the schools and college there. In college. chemistry was his forte; he was actively interested in tennis and was a prominent Phi Sig. Shu finds his favorite diversions in a good pipe, a game of bridge, and Lunceford records. In the near future he will intern at Temple University Hospital and then serve in the Army, no doubt continuously pursuing his interest in internal medicine with the same diligent, scholarly approach that has characterized his study of medical lore to date.. . . for «s from our beginning we run through variety of Look , before we come to consistent and nettled Face ; no before our End. by ick and languishing Alterations, we put on new Visages . . . —Sir Thomas Browne BERNARD ISRAEL SHARD From Temple Undergraduate School, where he majored in the pre-medical sciences, was treasurer and then president of Hammond Pre-Medical Honorary Society, and received a B.A. degree. Bcrnic came up Broad Street to the Medical School. Here his ready smile and affable personality made him many new friends, his good nature enabling him to get along with everyone. At Medical School he was elected president of Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity, maintained a good standard of scholarship, and found time to work for the Railway Express Company, acquiring thereby more relatives than any other man in school by affiliating with the Railway Brotherhood. His special interests outside of medicine are playing and listening to symphonic music and building models—of anything. He plans to do general practice after serving in the Army. Internship: Frankford Hospital. 108The physician must have at the healthy and the sick. his command a certain ready wit. as dourncss is repulsive both to —Hippocrates (c. 460-357 B. C.) This inveterate, insatiable punster has made us delight at his humor, imitations, and impersonations. His home has been Lemoyne. Pa., and he pursued pre-medical studies at Susquehanna University. Evidently. Ed likes his old tramping grounds for he plans to practice there in the future, and emphatically, not in Philadelphia. At Susquehanna, presidency of his fraternity. Phi Mu Delta, kept him from being scclusivc; tennis and basketball kept him in trim. He also was vice-president of the Men’s Student Council. Ed is rarely to be found around Temple over the week-ends and rumor has it that—there is a girl in Harrisburg. Harrisburg General Hospital will have him for intern—after that, the Army. We predict his course to be that of an unassuming yet capable and successful physician. 109. . . the common fallacy of consumptive persons, who feel not themselves dyinK. and therefore still hope to live . . . —Sir Thomas Browne Born May 13, 1919 in Philadelphia, Pa.. Marion has remained a resident of Philadelphia ever since. Her college work was taken at Temple University College of Liberal Arts. Here she was a member of Astron Senior Honor Society. Newman Club and the Women’s League. In 1940 she received her B.A. degree. Summers have been spent loafing at the seashore and at home with occasional travels to Canada. In clinical clerkships in the wards of Temple University Hospital, we hear that Marion experienced palpitation and sweats presenting a picture closely akin to an acute anxiety state when Miss Brigman made the unfortunate mistake of assigning several cases to Snyder and several to Brown on the same day. Such confusion has arisen since Marion became married to Patrick Brown, now a senior at Hahnemann Medical College. Marion and her husband expect to practice general medicine together in Connecticut. Her internship will be served at Meriden Hospital. Meriden. Conn. 11UFor thousands of years medicine has united the aims and aspirations of the best and noblest of mankind. —Karl Marx Research worker. Dick Snyder, entered Temple with his M.S. degree after considerable experience in the fields of bio-chemistry and parasitology. For two years after graduation from the University of Washington. Seattle, he held the National Canners’ Association Research Fellowship under whose auspices he travelled in Alaska, around the Bering Sea. and points south. From the delight he takes in talking of his trips to California. Seattle, and Florida we know that he is a wanderer at heart. Dick’s animated gesticulations and argumentative manner have made him a welcome figure at any gathering where a liberal discussion is in progress. In his senior year, he enhanced his knowledge and finance by doing night work at the Exide Battery accident dispensary. Internship: King County Hospital. Seattle. Wash.; Navy: Phi Gamma Delta Fraternity; Phi Sigma Society; American Chemical Society. IllThe beginning of health is to know the disease. —Cervantes. "Don Quixote" UJILL flELSOfl SPEAR Bill came to Temple after completing his pre-clinical years at the University of North Dakota. In his trunk he brought an assortment of awards which help to back up some of the stories of his athletic prowess on the plains of the Midwest. A great lover of the bright lights and crowded places, one can depend on Bill to know what is going on in town. During the summer vacations he has worked as a porter and a "pack-rat” to hotel guests in Yellowstone National Park. Besides being an athlete. Bill was also a Phi Delt at the University of North Dakota, and since coming to Temple has joined Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity. After completing his internship at King County Hospital, Seattle. Wash., he intends to return to the Midwest and practice general medicine with special accent on obstetrics and surgery. Army. 112It is not for « skillful leech to whine charms over a sore that craves a knife. —Sophocles (4" 5-406 B. C.) Although he was born in Denver. Colo.. Bob's later residence in Fort Worth and his studies at Texas Christian University converted him into a true-hearted Texan. Unfortunately he had to abandon the cowboy boots which signaled him as a Texan because of the metatarsalgia induced by this footwear. At Texas Christian he won his B.S. and participated in the band and orchestra. On March 27. 1943, he made his matrimonial vows to Anna L. Edgar. Bright, ambitious Bob. one of the youngest members of our class, got himself a job early in his medical course as a laboratory technician at Byberry. Later he forsook this post for a junior internship at Northeastern Hospital, Philadelphia. He enjoys swimming, hunting, and fishing, and satisfies a need for the finer things in life by listening to symphonic music. He will be in the Army following an internship at Wilmington General Hospital. After the war he plans to specialize in obstetrics and gynecology. Phi Alpha Sigma Fraternity. 113Dincnscs of the soul arc more dangerous and more numerous than those of the body. —Cicero. "Tusculanarum Disputationum" A welcome carry-over from the days when Don was a dynamite salesman in the Western Pennsylvania oil fields is the inexhaustible supply of jokes he springs on us. Lean, gaunt, asthenic Stitt began his career at Grove City College, pursuing a major in mathematics and engaging in track, dramatics, and work on the college paper. After finishing college in 1935, Don worked five years as an insurance investigator, cost accountant, and salesman before undertaking his medical course. He has proven himself to be industrious and resourceful, getting a head start on all of us by taking a junior internship at Memorial Hospital. Roxborough, Pa., in his junior year. Don’s favorite sports are hiking, biking, swimming, and tennis. He is a man of diverse interests, enjoying the drama, semiclassical music, and mystery stories, with photography as his pet hobby. Last January, he married Edna Mary Clare, sister of our erudite classmate Dave. He will intern at Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh. Pa.; Army. 114For the physician there la only one rule: Put yourself in the patient’s place. —Lord Lister “Zokalom, Saakolaam. Szkallun, Sazakaa—(misery) 1 hompson, where’s 1 hompson?’’ Oh Leo. why have you brought this name to torture and confound your professors? A ruse, no doubt, to make them give up and call on the next man. Professors started garbling Leo’s name at Franklin and Marshall College. There he also was distinguished as a member of the band, symphony orchestra, Photography Club. Chess Club, and as a civilian pilot trainee. Flying and music are his favorite hobbies, and his musical preferences are Beethoven. Tschaikowsky. and Gershwin. One of the most interesting summer jobs Leo has had was that of analytical chemist working on plastics in 1941. Szakalun will specialize in cardiology or surgery in the future. Neo-plastic diseases have also attracted his special interest in medical school. His internship will be at Lancaster General Hospital. Phi Chi Medical Fraternity; Army. 115. . . the love of people and a growing understanding of human nature round out the fullness of ability and usefulness of the true physician. —Charles L. Brown. M.D. Fired with high ambitions and great energy, Glenn slaved in the heat and grit of an Ohio steel mill several years earning shekels required by Muskingum College for matriculation and tuition. At college, his friendly nature and capacity to assume responsibility won him election as class president and vice-president of the Student Council and Student-Faculty Association. Glenn likes the prose and poetry of England, enjoys badminton, handball, swimming, and hiking. Friends have always found him to be of an even disposition, rational, tolerant, and altruistic. He married Mary Caldwell in 1942. Surgery is Glenn's special interest and he is serving his internship at Germantown Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. He will do his part toward winning the war by service in the Navy; then the Thompsons will settle down in Eastern Pennsylvania where Glenn intends to practice. 116Doctors are always working to preserve our health and cooks destroy It. but the latter are the more often successful. —Diderot % PARLEY DALE THOfllPSOD Suave, soft-spoken Dave arrived at the gates of Temple in the fall of 1940. tanned by the western summer sun over his Utah home at Sandy. His friendly, considerate nature made him a welcome figure in the class. Dale spent his pre-medical years at the University of Utah. Vacations found him working in a copper concentrating mill, travelling about the West and Mexico, and horseback riding in the Wasatch Range of the Rockies. On return to school after the summer vacation of the sophomore year. Dale pleasantly surprised the boys by introducing them to his new and charming wife, the former Mary Lou Muir. After an internship the Thompsons plan to return to the valley of the Great Salt Lake, where Dale intends to do general practice. Phi Beta Pi Fraternity; Navy. 117Laws are like medicine; they generally cure an evil by a lesser or a passing evil. —Bismarck HARRY EDI! TRAPP, JR. Harry, known widely as Trapper, spent the days of his childhood and youth in New Hampshire. Orchestra and football occupied a small portion of his time in high school, and his efforts later at Dartmouth were rewarded with a B.A. degree in chemistry and zoology. When he arrived at Temple it was inevitable that he should become a Phi Chi. A Dartmouth Chi Phi with a flair for the dramatic would obviously have no other choice. Beyond that, he has developed an interest in surgery as a future specialty, joined the Army, and aligned himself with the bachelors in school. Trapper has declined to leave New Hampshire even during vacations, as testified by the fact that he spent several summers working in an iron foundry there. Throughout the year he devotes his leisure time to women, reading, hunting, and fishing, women, horseback riding, boating, women, tennis, swimming, movies, and. of course, women. Internship: Germantown Hospital and Dispensary. Germantown, Pa. 118To b« a caligraphikt requires the wasting of paper; to be a good doctor requires the sacrificing of lives. —Su Tunc Po One of the most vivid recollections of our sophomore year is that cry of pain echoed by many of us in mental anguish. “Oh Gaulty, lay offen me!” We are deeply indebted to Chuck for this and many another choice phrase elaborated by his ready wit. This intelligent, imaginative student with the rare sense of humor hails from Ashland. Pa. An ardent sportsman, he played varsity ball on the 1935 Ashland State Champion Team. Undergraduate days were spent at Temple where he obtained a B.S. degree. There he engaged in a little boxing and worked at numerous jobs to earn his education, including service as student assistant in the biological laboratories. He is looking forward to the good family life since his marriage to Ruth Zimmerman in 1943. Chuck, an accomplished trumpeter in days gone by. has now turned to classical music to satisfy his musical desires. Ace bridge players testify that he is slick with the cards. Upon graduation he goes to Staten Island. New York, for intern training with the United States Public Health Service. Army. CHILES HJILLIRHl UlflUF 119Sickness is felt, but hcnlth not at all. Thomas Fuller, "Gnomologia” jonn C. URIE John is a citizen of Drexel Hill. Pa. After his grammar school education he attended St. Joseph’s Prep School in Philadelphia following which he went to Villanova College to receive a B.S. degree in biology. Meticulous in every respect. John has always impressed us with his impeccable attire. Upon coming to Temple he joined Phi Alpha Sigma Medical Fraternity and in his senior year was elected secretary of his class. With perseverance, John has pursued his studies of internal medicine, his preference of medical subjects. Following the war. when his term with the Navy has been served, he plans to enter general practice in or around Philadelphia. A man of varied interests. John's favorite diversions are the theatre, semiclassical and classical music, and biographical novels. Some of his best summer vacations have been spent at Ocean City, where he engages in swimming and sailing, two of his preferred sports. Upon graduation. John will serve his senior internship at Methodist Hospital. Philadelphia. 120A physician who profes»cK to cure for nothing s often worth nothing. —Hf.rshon OLIVER 5. UTHUS Called Joe by his friends, because he is a “good Joe.” this robust, red-headed son of old Norge came to Temple following four years of arts at North Dakota State and pre-clinical years at the University of North Dakota. Born and raised in Fargo. N. D.. he is Temple’s most ardent champion of the Midwest. Belying the color of his hair, he is quiet, thoughtful, and thorough in word and deed. Ollic loves the small quiet places far from the rush, noise, and dirt of the big city. A sportsman in every phase of the word, he also enjoys all types of music, poetry, and working with flowers. Marjorie D. Poling became Mrs. 0. S. Uthus in September of 1942. Oliver is a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon Social Fraternity and Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity. He plans to enter general practice after completing his internship in Duluth, Minn., and service in the Army. 121The good doctor pays constant attention to keeping people well so there will be no sickness. —Huai Nan-tzu Chow Dynasty (121-249 B. C.) Blond, good-natured A1 claims the state of the ten thousand lakes, Minnesota, as his present home, but he is a Montanan by birth. He spent his boyhood days roaming around the Rockies, hunting, fishing, or just tramping. He attended the University of Montana and later the University of Chicago, where he received his B.A. degree and went on to do advanced work in bacteriology. With this background. A1 spent several profitable summers working with the Montana State Board of Health. An ardent sports enthusiast, he enjoys all sports with special emphasis on outdoor sports. A1 was an honor student in college, student manager of the athletic board, and a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon Fraternity. At Temple he has been highly respected for the fine quality of his scholastic achievement and is a member of Babcock Surgical Society. On July 24. 1943, Al joined the ranks of the married folk when he took the hand of Mildred Spain. Temple University Hospital dietitian. After an internship at Temple University Hospital and service with the Army. Al thinks he may pack back to the Rockies in Montana. ALBERT LEWIS VADHEHI), JR. 122The hospital is the only proper college in which to rear a true disciple of Aesculapius. —Abernethy This enterprising student joined us after having formed many associations in and around Harrisburg. Pa., the site of his birth and home. He attended Dickinson College, where he served as president of the French Club and was a member of the Alpha Chi Rho Fraternity and the College Social Committee. Tom’s major was psychology. Excelling in this subject and French he later taught psychology and French at Dickinson College, much to the delight of Dickinsonian coeds. As a carry-over from the days of intramural college sports Tom still retains his enjoyment of tennis. swimming, and dancing. A man of varied talent, he also held a job with the Atlantic Refining Company as a chemist and accountant. In the Blue Ridge Mountains. Tom’s family have a little summer cottage where Tom used to spend his vacations. He is especially interested in surgery, accent on thoracic surgery, and plans to make this his specialty eventually. He will intern at the same place at which he took his junior internship. Harrisburg General Hospital. Harrisburg. Pa. Army. 123The only perxon to whom a Doctor can ay exactly what he thinks about another Doctor is to his wife. That is why practically all Doctors are married. —Joyce Dennys RUIH E. ILIEBER Wee sufferer from northern cold and Yankee idiosyncrasy. Ruth compares Miami Beach with Philadelphia, using her own incredible adaptation of Schopcnhauerian wit. pH 4.5. La Belle Dame Sans Merci is vintage 1920 from Pensacola. Florida, where she and the Naval Air Station were started at about the same time. At Florida State College for Women. Ruth majored in psychology. was president of the German Club, and a member of Alpha Chi Omega Social Sorority. Merry southern facies agleam. Ruth has been a fascinated spectator of the Cherry and White fighting with all its might, has danced ’til the fiddlers dropped, and withal has performed skillfully and conscientiously the task of preparing for a career in obstetrics and gynecology. Junior internship at Chester Hospital. Chester. Pa. Senior internship at Jackson Memorial Hospital. Miami. Florida. 124How easy it is to misapply the physiologic requirements of a healthy active person to the limitations of the sick. _ K —W. Wayne Babcock. M D. Quiet, thoughtful Joe, a proud scholar of the school of hard knocks, came to Temple from Geneva College. Working nights in a steel mill and attending college by day. Joe received his B.S. degree in 1938. During summers he held various jobs on the railroad and on surveying crews, as well as in the steel mills. Offered the chance to go to Randolph Field as a flying cadet, he refused this to go to college and plan for his medical career. Retiring, but never obscure. Joe usually has a sound and logical bit of information to offer on most issues discussed when the shouting and tumult of the more garrulous dies down. Pittsburgh. Pa., will be his home for the next year, while he is serving his internship at Allegheny General Hospital. Navy. JOSEPH HEM HJEIGEL 125Physicians nnd politicians resemble each other in this respect, that some defend the constitution, and others destroy it. —Anonymous Woody, transplanted from Chapman Station. Pa., the site of his birth, to Wcscosville, R. D. No. I. finally emerged from this Pennsylvania Dutch countryside to attend Allentown High School and Muhlenberg College. At Muhlenberg he became known for his activities as football manager and prominent positions in Phi Kappa Tau and Kappa Phi Kappa. His sterling ability as a record keeper and organizer was recognized by his brothers of Phi Chi last year when they elected him treasurer. Physics and math interested him in college and he was especially fascinated by the study of electricity. In the summers he put his knowledge to good use as electrician and mechanical repairman in the steel mills. In March. 1943, Woody left the ranks of the bachelors to marry Saretta Edwards. He will intern at Protestant Episcopal Hospital in Philadelphia and in the future plans to practice general medicine somewhere in Pennsylvania, preferably in the country. 126Medical knowledge is taken too directly from the source of life not to render him who possesses it more human. _ J.J —E. Rist Polytheistic Kent, devotee of Orpheus and slave of Morpheus, was born in Cooperstown, N. D. He matriculated at the University of North Dakota where he obtained his B.A. and B.S. degrees and enjoyed membership in Beta Theta Pi and Kappa Kappa Phi. This brother of the literati is also a devoted listener to music “from Bach to barrelhouse.” At Temple. Kent joined Phi Beta Pi and brought his literary talent to the aid of the editorial staff of the Skull. He likes softball, tennis, and flicking the shutter on his camera when a photogenic object is in view. Kent is in the Army. He plans to intern at St. Luke s Hospital in Duluth. Minn., and eventually to be a general practitioner. 127The patient die while the physician sleeps. —Shakespeare. "Lucrece" I his Johnstown lad no doubt could have led a successful musical career had the lure for medical knowledge not taken him. He has had much experience singing in various musical organizations and playing his French horn in more than one band, orchestra, and symphonette before coming to Temple. In his youth he went from Johnstown to Valley Forge Military Academy and from there to 1 emple to receive his pre-medical and medical education. Bob has pursued his favorite sports, including fishing and camping, during vacations. For his serious moments and lighter hours he likes to draw down an appropriate book from his shelf or turn to records suiting his mood. In September of this year Bob was married to Mary Elizabeth Winton. For internship Bob goes to Abington Memorial Hospital, then to the Navy, and ultimately to his home town to specialize in ophthalmology. 128That Physician will hardly be thought very careful of the health of others who nctclects his own. —Francois Rabeuais With his Texan drawl and colorful high-heeled boots as proof of his nativity. George joined us at Temple. He spent part of his undergraduate days at the Texas College of Arts and Industries and received his B.A. degree from Baylor University. Vacation times were spent hunting or tramping through southern Texas and the West and working on a drilling machine in the oil fields. As a result of extensive travel in Mexico. George is well versed in the lore of “Old Mexico.” Finding a Yankee girl to be more enchanting than the Texan belles, he broke with tradition to marry Adda Speirs, May 8, 1943. At Medical School his special interests have been abdominal surgery and internal medicine. George has been an active member of Phi Alpha Sigma Medical Fraternity, serving finally as president. After December the Wyches will be in Texas while George interns at the Jefferson Davis Hospital in Houston. Navy. GEORGE G. UJYCHE 129Nothing is more estimable than a physician who. having studied nature from his youth, knows the properties of the human body, the diseases that assail it. the remedies that will benefit it. exercises his art with caution and pays equal attention to the rich and poor. Volt AIRE (1694- 1778) Morrie came to I cmplc from Ursinus. where he must have had some experience with magic lanterns, because the first day of freshman year the cry of “Yoder!” elected him perennial president of the Slide Projector Operators' Union, which office he has ably filled, at the expense of much copying of other peoples’ notes since then. At Ursinus his extra-curricular activities included work on the newspaper and yearbook staffs, membership in the Chemistry Club, and presidency of the Pre-Med Club. At Temple Morrie has distinguished himself by his engaging grin, by his modest personality, and by his futile efforts to get Frantz to run the slide machine. He is a member of the Babcock Honorary Surgical Society and of the Skull staff. His outside interests include swimming. football, and camping, and his summer enjoyment has ranged from camp counseling to inspecting truck parts for the Army. Internship: Lankenau Hospital. Army. mORRIS L. YODER, JR. 130, !lscui i H alth?c AlHxnl£aI] tfafeocbj: llut .toxhtcIiho to ni ability . |nd§t‘mcnt - o keep this Qm I this stiintasKto reckon Innnvlio taught’me tlus ctjiMlfydear tome as my parents to shaix my ,suIh.Ukv , v - Ji with ium Kitfievv his ncvcssitit-.s lhixiuiiwlio look upon Ispiiiioiittlivsimv Idlingasnjyown hxuherXAio leachllicni this Art rtAgMr !• 1JOHN B. ROXBY. M D. Professor of Anatomy From the morning when Dr. Huber invites the class to enter the dissection room for the assignment of tables, the individual student is identifiable by reason of Emil’s perfume, to which he will become accustomed, but is destined to carry as a trade mark until the end of the year. Unveilings are always fraught with suspense, but nothing comparable to the soul-shaking moment when the wrappings are removed from one’s cadaver. It is with some disappointment that one learns the face and head are not to be unmasked for some time. However, when the face finally is laid bare, no feeling of humanity exists for it. It is merely the cephalic portion of a "thing.” That it once lived seems fantastic. Then. too. when the features finally are undraped. having flayed and disrupted the various systems of this acquaintance, and explored the length and breadth (quite literally) of its bowels, it is scarcely odd that it is so familiar: nothing about it can be considered very surprising. Meantime, Dr. Huber. Dr. Roxby. and the members of the department have been lecturing, instructing, and quizzing the group concerning the nature of the material being laboriously analyzed at the dissection tables. It is only after a few practical examinations on anatomic material itself, that the student begins to realize that he really has learned. Freshmen learn from the master of perineal dissection. Dr. John F. Huber rediscovers the internal abdominal ring for the neophytes."Have you fellows read up on this?" is Dr. Brom Bones makes the acquaintance of Jones Jean K. Weston's query. and Jones—Saturday afternoons. VISCERAL ANATOMY Gruff, freshman-frightener Dr. Pritchard takes the incoming class and welds, threatens, bullies it into a fast-moving, fairly conscientious group literally scares them into cerebrating. Visceral anatomy becomes suddenly, dynamically important. Few men are so resented, later so loved. Not until the sophomore year, when the dust has cleared, is "Pritch" revealed in reality as warm-hearted, forbearing. No classes does he teach the juniors and seniors, but witness their cheers breaking out as he passes through the lab to his office. "We know now." they say. and so affectionately thank him inwardly for goading them into studying. Patiently, while seemingly impatient. Dr. Pritchard drills visceral anatomy into not-too-interested-heads. "You better know that!". "Get that?", and "Next man!" keep students on their toes. Tossing sections of the human body in front of the bewildered victim in quiz hour served more to confuse than help him—until he learned "Pritch” had slyly turned the piece upside down. But beware! the cocky student, for who but "Pritch” can find the question that can t be answered? All drawings must be finished by the first week in October. The sagittal section is Vesalius would have been happy one of the most trying.NEUROANATOMY The fascinating complex of the human central nervous system was brought to us, replete with a super abundance of new terms, by Drs. Pritchard and Weston. Hours of real work gavetosomcof us thedubious reward of going even further into the maze of vascular plexus, spinal cord tracts, colliculi. We learned where the localization areas were on the cortex, where the decussations. The rudimentary lesions of the cord and brain stem were explained. Pathways to the cortex, visceral efferent impulses, proprioceptive sensation—how familiar we were with those entities! Perhaps here was our peak in abstractions. Like mathematics, neurology is exact, logical, sequential. For many of us it became fun to work out the problems of "finding the tumor’’ or the effects of a lesion of the C. N. S. And many found the cerebral exercise tedious, over-exacting. Embryonic neurologists began to see the light, chemists and pharmacologists were tolerant. The functional components of the autonomic nervous system arc charted on the blackboard. Models of bronchopulmonic segments of the lung are displayed by Dr. Huber who is well known for his work in this field. SPECIAL ANATOMY If Dr. Roxy were damned, as he invites himself to be, for every repair of the perineum done without regard to the special vicissitudes of the anatomy of this region, he would long since have been having it out hot and heavy, and man to man. with the controller of Hades. Instead, he flows through our undergraduate years like the healing flood. I imeless and irrevocably practical, he will share his hours as unstintingly now as he has done with our fathers before us. so that our anatomic armamentcrium will be as certain when we leave Temple to practice the art as it was when as first year men we left him knowing "all about the body structure.” For the special delectation of the junior class, he entertains about noon, one or two days a week, in his anatomy museum, and at these times amazes us both with our own ignorance of the major structural systems, and his encyclopedic knowledge of the human body, l or confection, he will reminisce through the many happy years of a full medical life, and almost imperceptibly imbues his students with that homogeneous appreciation typical of physicians as a class. 136HISTOLOGY RflD EMBRYOLOGY Labelled by some wits as the "Saturday Afternoon Course." embryology threatened to occupy our every waking moment. Let him who wonders where time flies seek out the lab where patient freshmen sit by the hour, make innumerable drawings. Here the knowledge of the origin and development of the human ovum was made plain; here tiny embryos were examined, sectioned. mounted on slides. Lest we linger thoughtfully, pondering the where and why of men from such tiny beginnings. "Pritch" bombards us with admonition and exhortation. Even the long Saturday afternoon stretches catching up on work failed to pacify “the old man." More work, better drawings. harder quizzes! The twin course, histology, was one in which "Pritch" could do little to help; here we "dug it out for ourselves." Charts and drawings were exchanged for slides and microscopes: every tissue in the body was examined, stained, scrutinized under the "scope." By patient study we came to recognize the microscopic structure of the bladder, prostate, uterus, brain, and all the others. It seemed like a colossal feat then we couldn’t visualize the still greater feat the sophomores were vaunting in our faces. "500 slides per student." That lay ahead, but not so far that we didn't make sure we knew our normal histology: "Pritch" had the same idea. WILLIAM C. PRITCHARD. M D. Professor of Histology and Embryology "All right! Now show me where." Saturday matinee. MELVIN A. SAYLOR. I .S.. M.D. Professor of Physiological Chemistry CHEmiSTRY HDD TOXICOLOGY With some apprehension and many misgivings the class approached chemistry. This was the course that had proved Armageddon to so many before us. Dr. Melvin A. Saylor must have looked at us. too. that day with some consternation. for we w'ere a motley crew. Before long we fell into the routine of things. Dr. Saylor's personality dominates the classrooms. Quietly sceptical, thoughtful, occasionally doubting the astonishing answers, he quizzes rather than lectures. Little humor here. Dr. Saylor dryly whines in nasal twang. "Why. man . . . you don’t listen to the question!”; pulls freshmen into his office for the feared post-midterm diatribe: generally adds to the first yearman’s trepidation. Shrewd, hawk-eyed, wizened Dr. Saylor daily paces the lab. knows who boils his Folding's after the urine is added, who sloppily passes over his chores. So exacting is his interpretation that the quiz hours pass and only two questions have been answered, but those, thoroughly. A complete change in pace catches the class off guard as brilliant, young Dr. Hamilton swirls by it with lectures on bile salts and vitamins. The time is short, much to be put across, so come extra meetings, mimeographed sheets with more material, massive quantities of facts, tables, com- Dr. Saylor checks an end point. Unknowns . albumin, blood, bile, sugar?parisons. Almost it seems as though there is "just too much ’ Each freshman beneath his constant line of griping slowly comes to the realization that perhaps he won t make it. Now he understands the mortality in the first year. A charming respite from the tension are the hours with Madame Spiegel-Adolf and colloidal chemistry. Between quaint jokes we gained a healthy respect for the intricacies of pure scientific research, carried out by patient, earnest men and women. But mostly we liked to sit back and just listen to Madame Spiegel-Adolf. Bombastic Dr. Earl A. Schrader, since gone into the Chemical Warfare service as Captain. U. S. Army, reviewed experiments, quizzed, prepared solutions, growled at shortcomings, reminded us about six liters Monday A. M. for unknowns. Came Monday A. M.. we sniffed and compared sniffs: ran sugars, phenylhydrazines. Guaiacs'. benzidines. Gmelins’. Legals’, Gerhardts’; finally scribbled our indefinite conclusions. Kept notebooks. had to be just so. up-to-date, with nothing left out. and in for checking on time. To many, the lectures on toxicology which filled the second semester were a serious matter. To others there clings the lemembrance of an unexpected talent of Dr. Saylor’s. On one occasion, acting out the role of a sick dog with histrionic ability worthy of the stage, we remember him relaxing on the front table into a profound, moribund state, continuing with the story. Alarmed at the state of her pet the fidgety neighbor had demanded an antidote. Dr. Saylor, equal to the occasion, administered an overdose of strychnine. Soon the effects were apparent on the dog (per Saylor). Stiffening in a typical strychnine convulsion. Dr. Saylor described how he overcame this state by re-overanesthetizing the dog. The end of this story has been forgotten, but few will overlook the antidotal and toxic effects of chloroform and strychnine. impressed on us in such realistic manner. A few of us may forget some chemistry: few will ever forget Dr. Saylor. The question of positive or negative needs often to be settled by Dr. Robert f 1. Mamilton. Professor of Colloid Chemistry. Dr. Mona Adolf, poses in her laboratory. Blood COj determinations are explained in a special section. Part of the collection for the six liters. 139PHYSIOLOGY J. GARRETT HICKEY. M D. Professor of Physiology Scholarly, tonsured by nature, Dr. J. Garrett Hickey presides over the physiology classroom and lab like a dignified friar, informing us of the intricacies of metabolism, the intangibles of special senses. Numerous dog-eared papers held his lecture precises and from what part of his anatomy they would next appear became to us a topic of much anxiety. Invariably they would appear, however: each time a lecture would result. worthy of a "Best and Taylor.’’ Especially appreciated was the lecture during which a Martini glass appeared from nowhere to illustrate a point—with it coming the timely remark. "I assume some of you know what this is." To lend variety were the jam-packed, informative lectures of Dr. Oppenheimer. Belying his slow, leisured appearance, his mental gyrations were a strong contrast. Through the most difficult material wc swept without a pause: less swift note-takers were lost, the speedy barely managed to keep up; truly it is said that is where Leo lost his hair. Miliron became prematurely gray. Cohort, quiet Dr. Collins gave forth with even, informative lectures, rounding out the course. The "Saturday Sessions" quietly, smoothly, cut a sickening swathe into our assurance. Frantically we worried through pages of quiz questions. finding words for fill-ins such as. "Halfstrength .......causes.........to .... muscle." Instructor Mrs. Weston and Dr. Oppenheimer pray for the safety of the tracing. Mrs. Hamilton. M.D., elaborates on the experimental findings.Find the frenulum, thread it. tie it. Oops! Get another frog. Smoking drums turn slowly, don't overheat! NEUROPHYSIOLOGY Deft, accented Dr. Ernest Spiegel gave of his time to offer us information on the dynamic working physiology of the nervous system. From his current experiments he drew material, explanations. to acquaint us with the underlying principles of neurophysiology. Segmental innervation, paradoxic mydriosis. the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous system all underwent intense scrutiny. Animals were decerebrated for us, labyrinthectomies done, anesthetized and very limp rabbits and cats passed from seat to seat. By many means, we were made to realize that neurophysiology was basic to life itself. Each day. tranquil Dr. Spiegel perched atop his high stool and. equipped with pointer, carried us further into the working nervous mechanism. The mimeographed neurophysiologic material became treasured, coming as it did from such a recognized authority. Hours were spent deciphering the gems instilled into a paragraph or even into a sentence. Cervical sympathetic stimulation. Brown-Sequard syndrome, effects of complete transverse cordotomy; all were minutely explained, drawn, correlated with the antics of the classroom menagerie. Dr. Dean A. Collins quietly sup- The professor pulls a few strings. We had to shake our own Van Slykc. ervises the experimental setups.ALFRED E. LIVINGSTON. B.S.. M S.. Ph D. Professor of Pharmacology P H fl R m fl C 0 L 0 G Y Dr. A. E. Livingston, earnest, ardent advocate of pharmacological lore, met the class with as well-rounded a program as we had yet encountered. Stolidly behind him. aligned to bring us face to face with every aspect of knowledge concerning useful drugs, were his gencrals-in-arms: Dr. Cunningham to handle the section on effects of drugs on animals. Dr. Fellows to teach us how to master prescription writing, the late Dr. Bradley to supervise experiments on ourselves. Dr. Larson to drill us in the chemical properties of drugs. Over all fell the weighty authority of Dr. Livingston, who with purposeful mien saw that all went well in this encounter with the mighty horde of therapeutic drugs and surprised us with the explosive quality of Ethylene. But all was not direct assault: our knowledge grew by steady roundabout toil and grind: months first in the lab sniffing and tasting medicaments. Could we ever remember these when they were used for unknowns? Then a large amount of drugs to compound by ourselves, reports to make on properties of others. Yes. and the inevitable and steady bombardment of quiz questions to answer. Soon we were marshalled into more efficient units to directly try these remedies on animals, all properly anesthetized. In groups of four we Dr. Edwin J. Fellows ask the significance of the action of mag sulfate on the rabbit intestine. Dr. Eld ward Larson corroborates the Temple dehydration therapy.worked, placing cannulas, ticing off arteries, attaching kymographs, and tinkering with those little levers, injecting drugs, watching for results and caring foi the anesthetic. Other hours we spent in session with Dr. bellows, writing awkward, crude presciiptions: only belatedly growing more adept. Experiments presaged clinical years ahead: effect of sodium chloride and magnesium sulfate on volume of intestinal contents and cerebrospinal fluid pressure—our introduction to “Pappy” Arnold’s dehydration for pre-eclamptics; effect of drugs on the uterus prelude to Dr. Montgomery's care in the puerperium. Many nights did the “midnight oil” burn as we pondered the classical work of Goodman and Gilman. Here was the meat of pharmacology exemplified in print, a text to be kept always. Likewise, the oil burned as kymograph records were scissored, pasted: lab results were gathered, outlined . . . was there to be no end to this notebook? Toward the end of the course, since this was medical school, things got tough. Added quizzes loomed, our voluminous notebooks were due. lectures kept right on. miles of kymograph records piled up. lab “unknown” soon—for awhile the battle was more nearly lost than won. This pharmacology was not a course we were taking, but a way of living. And the days wore on and soon the final. We who passed wonder how and why we did. Here we learn that the power of suggestion, as well as drugs, alters the blood pressure. Later, in our clinical years, we would occasionally visit Third North to review the properties and actions of drugs we wished to prescribe. Also, because ol the rapid advancement of sulfonamides and the increased emphasis placed on therapy of tropical diseases, we kept our contacts with the Pharmacology Department almost until the day of commencement. T. P. R.s on drugged students. Records arc reviewed by Dr. Raymond W. Cunningham. The professor demonstrates a record made by his ingeniously constructed kymograph. 143LAWRENCE W. SMITH. A.B.. M.D. Professor and Head of Department of Pathology PATHOLOGY Sophomores, feeling the confidence of their high position, come to pathology assured of their knowledge of the workings of the normal body. But here their optimism ends. The assignment is to gain an understanding of the fundamental changes which take place in the body in disease— a big task! Perhaps in no other medical school does the student have a better opportunity to grasp the pathological tissue responses to disturbances in circulation, inflammation, the infectious diseases. Nor can he gain elsewhere a better knowledge of the various types of tumors—their origin. classification, appearance in the patient. The answer to this is the exhaustive text. Essentials of Pathology, written by our professors, Drs. Lawrence M. Smith and Edwin S. Gault. Three hundred actual case studies arc included in the material in the text, giving the worthy sophomore opportunity to follow diagnosis, present illness, past history, physical examination, laboratory findings, subsequent history, autopsy findings and microscopic examination on each case. In addition every man finds in his locker over five hundred loaned slides, one or more of which comes from the corresponding clinical case. As James Ewing has stated in the introduction to the volume, "No other device has proved so efficient as the study of case reports interpreted in the light of gross pathological data and analyzed by the methods of histopathology." “There is .1 plasma cell at about six o’clock ’ Dr. Gault. Full house. Dr. Pcale finds a malignant cell before the carbon dies. 5Clinical path lab finds the technician keeping the boys busy. Dr. Aegerter conducts an autopsy at Old Blockley. CLINICAL PATHOLOGY For us. here was the real thing. The "Essentials” over all other books became our bible. Pathology over all other courses became our way of life. "We don't want to make lab workers out of junior students, but we do want you to know what happens when you blithely order lab tests." Nevertheless, ample practice training came our way in laboring over blood counts, taking blood, doing urinalysis, cross-matching for transfusions; all of inestimable value for our senior year. Jovial, paunchy Dr. Frank Konzelmann was our mentor, leading us in laboratory diagnosis of disease in all its variegated forms. Kindly, a real friend to students, he would not hesitate to be- come the stern taskmaster if he thought we were negligent in our studies. We were to thank him for his work with us when we labored in the hospital next year with actual patients. SURGICAL PATHOLOGY In the junior year, pathology for the class deals with autopsy technique and surgical pathology. Each student section does numerous autopsies, begins to recognize pathology as it is "on the table." Philadelphia General Hospital is our hangout, the white tiled room our “workroom.” Some few hardy souls even brought their lunches after the first few viewings. Wednesday afternoons found us again over the microscope—special surgical specimens. The characteristics of the leucocytes as drawn by Dr. Konzelmann. I Pathological conferences in the museum aid the student in reviewing essentials of pathology.JOHN A. KOLMER. M S.. M.D.. F.A.C.P. Professor of Medicine in charge of Bacteriology and Immunology BACTERIOLOGY Curtain raiser of the second year, bacteriology (and physiology, both with notebooks) make the first trimester a prologue to ordeal. The class as a unit is sustained chiefly by the realization that the third and fourth years have constantly been recruited from the ranks of the sophomores, and no alteration of this method is contemplated. Perhaps the most satisfactory portion of the course, from the student's point of view (other than receiving a passing grade) is the problem presented by the “unknown.” As a review of the subject, it offers a last resume of material studied, and leaves the successful analyst feeling very much a well-grounded research man. In addition, the practice in taking exhaustive notes from Dr. Kolmer stands the student in good stead throughout the clinical years. With Dr. Spaulding conducting, the morning laboratories arc a symphony of germ study, and heaven protect the luckless fellow who desires to know “what this 'bug' is!” And as the conclusion of the course approaches, it would be a mercy to know certainly how heavily the shaky marks in the laboratory quizzes will affect one’s final grade. From the standpoint of the services, the series of lectures and the laboratory work given over to the organisms causing the entcritides are presently of extreme importance. The vacuum machine for anaerobic cultures, as designed by Dr. Spaulding, is demonstrated by Dr. Bondi. Practical work in bacteriology. Culture transfers by Trapp are checked by Uric.PARASITOLOGY Given as an adjunct to bacteriology, the course comprises a series of lectures by Dr. Gault and the staff. Fecal smears, blood smears, and the vagaries of scoliccs are made understandable through the facilities of the laboratory, and detailed demonstrations employing most typical, most illustrative specimens. Because of etiologic importance in relation to appendicitis in children, and because of the discomfort of the infestation itself. Entcrobius vermicularis was carefully investigated. “The pin worm manifests itself by intense perianal pruritus, occurring chiefly at night, and causing the child to lose sleep, and become an undernourished, very nervous individual. This is most likely because the female, unhappy in her colonic surroundings, comes out for fresh air, when the time for deposition of the eggs has arrived.’’ In the past two years, parasitology has risen sharply in its importance medically, due to the nature of the campaigns, both of the Army and the Navy. IMMUNOLOGY A cursory appraisal of the statistics on the incidence of disease in our armed forces is all that is necessary to convince even the most skeptical as to the success attendant upon the application of the principles of immunology to masses of potentially cross infectious humanity. Yet there are individuals, and groups, who decry the “introduction into the human body of extracts that dare to interfere with the patterns of nature, etc.’’ That men of Dr. Kolmer’s caliber have been able to advance the science of immunization to its present state of successful function is. in the light of such unqualified prejudice and unreasoning bigotry, an achievement for which all modern medicine daily pays practical homage. The professor describes the colony of hemophilus influenzae on blood agar. We learn that tapeworms are like rabbits. Dr-Spaulding points out reproductive organs in a segment. Parasitology lab . . . 0 pallida! O mores! "Boys and girls as future physicians in the practice of medicine . 147HARRIET L. HARTLEY. M.D.. F A P.H.A. Professor of Preventive Medicine, Hygiene and Public Health PREVENTIVE IREOICIRE If. after completing Dr. Hartley’s course, one is impelled to scrutinize the under surface of all pastry, and to drop a little calcium hypochlorite into one's drinking water, who would deny the wisdom thereof? As the student's first contact with public health, this course serves to make him aware of his tremendous responsibility to the public at large: it needs a deal of medical supervision. When it becomes apparent that, even in the matter of protection of the milk supply of society as a whole, an infinite amount of thorough and painstaking preventive measures must be taken to offset disinterest, sloth, and ignorance, one appreciates how certainly the physician must be his brother's keeper. However persuasively, out of her long experience. Dr. Hartley argues the case for the Philadelphia water supply, her classes in the medical school cannot help but feel, after sampling the product at any faucet within the city limits, that the day when it was the shining example for municipalities everywhere has passed into a night colored darkly with the seepage from the upstate coal mines. The Belmont water reservoir . . . coming downstairs alongside a tank. There were slow sa-.d filters, too. At a sewage disposal plant there is seen Philadelphia’s passing parade. KEEP OUT RESTRICTED AREACHARLES LEONARD BROWN. B.S.. M.D.. FA CP Professor of Medicine and Hi ad of the Department of Medicine If juniors were asked to name their most time-consuming subject they might well answer: “Medicine.’’ Medicine represents the culmination of more prcclinical work, more study, more debate than any other subject. As freshmen, students had early seen their first clinical cases presented by earnest, grandiloquent Dr. John Kolmer; heard the history of their profession from Prof. Victor Robinson. Sophomore year brought Dr. Kay and physical diagnosis. Juniors got into the thick of it with Dr. Brown in therapeutics, Cohen in “chest.” clinical clerkships. Seniors heard more lectures; did clinical, ward work. Especially memorable: Dr. Brown’s demonstration of basic drugs and instruments for the average practitioner’s bag. The cost seemed astronomical. Also. Dr. Davis’ hour given over to the Misses Hill and Griswold, dietitians. Chief class comment: “God spare me from diabetes, and the necessity for calculating or eating the diet. For more detailed account see following pages. In medical correlation Dr. Kolmer first acquaints the freshmen with the signs and symptoms of disease. Philadelphia General medicine: Dr. Thomas M. Durant presents clear-cut diagnostic gems. This patient had a sulfathiazole rash.HISTORY OF MEDICINE Eloquent, vociferous Dr. Victor Robinson traces for freshmen the circuitous, devious route of medicine from the times of trephination and bloodletting to the candid present. Cheers greet the fast-talking, fast-thinking professor as he prepares to launch forth into Alexandrian lore. Egyptian medicine. Fluently, hypnotically he weaves a spell over the most pragmatic freshman, bringing the colorful past to the complacent present. The romance of medicine reliving of the dawn of experimental science . . . these add richness to the sterile, exacting drabness of freshman drudge, work and fears. The kaleidoscopic panorama was spread before us: 18th Century England that Golden Age of Quackery: uroscopic diagnosis of love-sickness and female-chastity by exam of urine held up to the sun: Jenner at Sodbury with the country- girl and cowpox; the body snatchers and sack-’cm-up men of John Hunter’s day. Dr. Victor Robinson told us of the 18th century At Episcopal Hospital we heard Dr. Kay tell urine bottle: "You've made a slip, my darling of the sense of resistance as determined by the daughter. 1 see a bantling in your water." pleximeter finger. PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS The ladies and gentlemen of the class are in all likelihood unacquainted with the founder of the art of percussion. Dr. Kay. with inimitable grace ("the wrist must be fluid, the movement precise and rhythmic”) illustrates the proper method while honoring Leopold Auenbrugger. who first applied the technique after observing the success with which vintners marked the receding levels of the wine in their casks. He first noted the musical quality of the sound thus obtained while a student (and. doubtless, a medical student). It is from such revelations out of the past that the modern imbiber can take hope. Today’s glass of beer may be the fountainhead of medical progress tomorrow. As one becomes more adept at inspecting, palpating (against the patient's palpitations), percussing. and auscultating, it is gratifying to observe the dawn of respect in the eyes of suffering humanity. Never let the uncertainty you feel concerning the patient's status communicate itself to him. By your manner, you have convinced him of your infallibility, and it would be the violation of a sacred trust were you to permit him to suspect how desperately you wish you had a text of signs and symptoms beside you. 151THERAPEUTICS Essentially the culmination of the study of medicine is practicing treatment. Here again Temple is well represented among clinicians. Drs. Brown. Durant. Lansbury. Kolmer, and Farrar handle lecture material ably, convert pharmacology into dynamic, specific therapy. Building upon the foundation Dr. Livingston’s staff has for underclassmen, Brown’s men make doctors. Of these clinicians, closest to students, spending more hours each day with seniors is lanky, quiet 1 om Durant. Polled opinions among classmen place Dr. Durant tops in pleasing personality, perspicuity, pleasantness. All the remedies concerning cardiac and pulmonary diseases are his forte. Plump, practical, perspiring Charles Leonard Brown probably does more in any given day than any on the medical staff. Member of the Board for Revision of the U. S. Pharmacopeia. Professor of Medicine and Head'of the department here at Temple, he keeps in the midst of practical down-to-earth medicine. Like Dr. Brown, his course in therapeutics is solid, sober, soundly substantial, covering with amazing efficiency innumerable aspects of modern treatment of disease. BIOTHERAPY AND CHEMOTHERAPY First experience of many students with clinical medicine was through melodramatic, earnest Professor John A. Kolmer. Speaking from the floor of the Erny Amphitheatre in those early days, the serious, rhetorical Kolmer dwelt on matters biochemic, diagnostic, therapeutic, leavening his account with some basic facts bluntly put. Freshmen at that time were astonished, amused at the high-sounding method of presentation; were attentive, grateful for their first glimpse of medicine and patients. Later the students become accustomed to the somewhat In allergy clinic: skin and scratch testing and therapeutics with Dr. Louis Tuft. A patient with a keloid on his chest finds his way into medical clinic to be examined by Dr. Solotf with Thompson and Umlauf. Dr. Weiss warns against over-zealous psychiatric diagnosis.histrionic delivery, learn to discount the dramatics, get at the patient’s trouble. Kolmer stresses the bio- and chemotherapeutic angle of treatment; and is listened to. Truly an authority, he has much to give students. In the third and fourth years, upperclassmen again meet Dr. Kolmer. Unless one sits underneath the amplifier in Room 502, these lectures in advanced therapeutics arc practical, extensive, worth hearing. Only occasionally docs he slip into the morass of pompousness. Backed by years of experience in his field. Kolmer has a wealth of anecdote and story to fit each disease; can give good emphasis to even the therapeutic rarities. “This heart should weigh about 575 gms " Clinical pathological conference Tuesday at 4 P M. "I’ve been having this done for 14 years. Doc.” Buerger clinic. Bedside medicine with Dr. Jchn Lansbury. Dr. Cohen asks Caldwell if he hears rales. Brensinger wonders. DISEASES OF THE CHEST Weekly lectures on tuberculosis bring Dr. A. J. Cohen before third-year men. An authority of repute in his own right. Cohen is nevertheless mild of manner, unassuming. I o students this comes as a pleasant change from other lecturers. From an occasional consultation with a piece of paper, he puts forth facts on all aspects of tuberculosis . . . the high index of suspicion, survey of the patient’s family, benefits of a sanitoiium. etc. Biggest thing students learn is to suspect tuberculosis any and everywhere; next biggest is their healthy doubt of ordinary methods of diagnosis. Confides Cohen: "Let me tell you students, there is no man that can make the diagnostic batting average of the X-ray and don’t let anyone tell you otherwise!’’ So we heard that the sedimentation rate is unreliable, the stethoscope not acute enough, the Mantoux test not specific enough to pick up the cases we should. Students thank Dr. Cohen for his frankness, admire his boldness, are astounded at his brashness in asking in the final to "Write all you know about tuberculosis." "Either he isn't very optimistic." relates one junior, "or else he doesn’t read the exams at all.”LECTURES Clearly the basis for all work at the bedside are these lectures in medicine that come "too late with too little.” By the fourth year, even the third year, students have completely plowed the ground here covered. Unfortunately. the previous plowing has been partial, spotty, the facts learned, unsound, controversial. So Dr. Weiss’ lectures on renal disease are an anti-climax. Dr. Lans-bury's notes on peptic ulcer an unconvincing letdown after surgery’s influence. Irreplaceable, however, arc lectures on the medical conditions of the gastro-intestinal tract by able master of the incisive wit. Dr. Lansbury. Erudite, irrasciblc. exponent of the well-turned phrase, he kindly but thoroughly dispels with chosen sarcasm the boogies of internal medicine. The class spent many enjoyable hours listening to his lectures. Had they been earlier in students' careers they would have been more pertinent. Not to be omitted are Dr. Hugo Roessler’s memorable lectures on cardiology. Deliberate, imperturbable Hugo gives forth in droll, colorful speech his thoughts on cardiac symptomatology and its significance. Amiable, friendly Dr. George Farrar hides beneath an abashed manner an astute mind, capable of careful analysis. Students felt that by understating important points he may not give proper emphasis to them. His lectures, however, have meat in them supply good knowledge of the anemias. At the Jewish Hospital Dr. Doane discourses on dicoumarin. heparin and lantocide-C. The juniors hear of blue eyes and long ears from Dr. Farrar. Hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy ? CONFERENCES All medical students know the proof of a diagnostician’s pudding is in the autopsy. There distinguished diagnosticians are proved dunces, less clever men closer. Post-mortems are as near to final authority as students care to come; only Deity can be more right. So each week seniors arc put to the test, given protocols and histories of cases, told to diagnose them. Each week illustrious members of the staff show how mistaken even seniors can be. An example: startled, stunned students heard that 100 per cent they had mistaken a case of glioblastoma multiforme for tuberculous meningitis. Small consolation was the fact that faculty men were on the wrong side of the fence with them. Dr. Brown handles the diagnostic end. proves repeatedly to seniors his remarkable diagnostic acuity. Foxy Konzelmann dispassionately cuts down professor and students alike on occasion with attested autopsy findings. Of some value to students is the P. G. H. session with Dr. Thomas Klein, but mostly so to those who are “called down.” 154CLINICS Students have gathered like Quakers to a town meeting, repeatedly, continually, through their last three years. Amphitheatre sessions provide opportunity for the whole class to observe, listen to the examiner going over a patient. I o some men, the patient provides a good opportunity to show the overt signs of disease on the personality as well as the body; to others the patient might as well not come in. Staff members alternate in bringing cases to the amphitheatre. launching from them into discussions of diagnosis and therapy. Students learn as much from these hours as from the more formal lectures; all that's learned not finding its way to their notebooks. Dr. Lansbury's by-now famous clinics on the arthri-tides, his cases of gout, are on record as top billing. Durant’s patients, with cardiac abnormalities, are always well worked-up, thoughtfully given. Dr. Farrar brings many examples of blood dyscrasias to us; in his self-depreciating manner gives many pertinent points. Most frequent, object of most controversy, arc those clinics conducted by Dr. Soloff. Acute clinician, young Dr. Soloff's lectures are crammed with good material, valuable hints, diagnostic aids. CLERKSHIPS "A good doctor is recognized not by what he knows, but by what he docs.” So students in their clerkships learn by doing. Juniors get their first taste of patient-doctor relationship when they are given cases to work up have individual sessions at the bedside. By the time they have rotated through all the services they are almost seniors, are impressed by what will be expected of them next year. Somehow the gap between having the diagnosis discussed and making it on your own has never seemed so wide. Seniors on ward service are so busy from the first day on. spend spare time griping at their overburdening work so fervently, that they find no time to be apprehensive of the task. Blithely they step in where wiser men tread with care. Miss Brigman has a way of seeing they are kept busy. Some seniors, with three histories, physicals and lab studies to do on Saturday afternoon, have been known to wonder at it all. Somewhere there seems to be a discrepancy between the value of "giving every student experience with a patient” and "giving every patient a blood count and urinalysis.” The shift in viewpoint is important, say seniors. The rest of the senior year students rotate in the outpatient clinics, gain appreciated and worthwhile experience. This work few students care to miss. 155 "It is not so. is it not." says Dr. Klein to Parrott. Miss Spearing teaches rapid, accurate blood diagnosis in the student lab. Two busy senior clerks.DR. W. WAYNE BABCOCK. A M.. M.D.. LL D . F.A.C.S. Professor of Surgery and Clinical Surgery Medical students go forth from school to be general practitioners or surgeons, according to their bents, but each can be no better than his training. Teaching and training are of prime importance to any group of future doctors— especially surgeons. Singularly gifted, fortunate in this aspect are those of Temple Medical. Few students can boast with such righteous pride of their surgical staffs. Few groups can be gathered under one roof to compare with their experience. That this is no mere boast witness our “chief.” W. Wayne Babcock. A familiar spectacle to sophomores and seniors alike in his "grand rounds” made once a day. “Babby” spryly maintains a schedule of work that exhausts lesser (and younger) men. At eight A. M. on Monday mornings he conducts lecture-quizzes for juniors and seniors, at nine can be found tackling a proctosigmoidectomy, perhaps by twelve a gallbladder removal: invariably no halt for lunch, right on through the afternoon with operations. Indeed, we wonder when he meets patients before they appear on the table. An old-timer in years of experience. Dr. Babcock is noted in the professional world for pioneering in the use of spinal anesthesia, for the early use of steel wire sutures, for innumerable operations ingeniously devised, and for his “Textbook of Surgery.” Dr. Astley lays on hands. Dr. Burnett probes the diagnostic acumen of "the Club.”The "chief” discusses matters of controversy Dr. Giambalvo "takes it away." Tuesday afternoons. Youngish, blond Dr. Emory Burnett is perennially a student favorite. Caustic on occasion, not above a good fast joke to fit the situation. Dr. Burnett gives juniors a solid, thorough set of didactic lectures on general and regional surgery. "Putrid empyema,” we learn, ‘is as important a medical emergency as a hot appendix.” By a happy, though rare, coincidence of being at once a good physician and an equally good teacher. Dr. Burnett gets across perhaps more than any other professor in surgery. Sharing the burden of lectures with him is his able, young assistant. Dr. George Rosemond. Students regard this lanky, tanned southerner with the schoolboy’s face as one of the most promising of their teachers. His informal, accented lectures on the thoracic wall and pleura were complete. concise. Those who worked at the operating table with him liked him. Wednesday morning at eight in the junior year Dr. Burnett began the first of many conferences. Drawing on the immense amount of clinical material at Philadelphia General, cases were presented, accurately correlated with the week’s lectures. Seniors continued these conferences at Temple, became pardonably cocky by year’s end: asked needling questions, invariably got keen straightforward answers. Few courses made the The efficacy of the accident dispensary drug shelf is Dr. Zaborowski certifies a surgical diagnosis. vouched for by Dr. Leedom.transition from didactic lecture to clinical case so easily, so rapidly; in none was it more necessary to cover the field. It was affectionately known as the "Three Ring Circus.’’ Ring leader: Dr. W. A. Steel. Performers: contented and pleased patients. Seniors may well emulate some of the chuckling, chortling, charm of aged, spry Dr. Steel. His clinical conferences were entertaining, informal, instructive. Buerger’s cases were hurried into the amphitheater, paraded, questioned, whisked out in that length of time. An endless parade of tragic performers, displaying all the multiform costume of symptomatology in peripheral vascular disease. Swarthy, keen Dr. Giambalvo acted often as cohort with Dr. Steel. Students knew him as their tutor in former years—principles of surgery: inflammation, repair, suppuration, ulceration. Believer in learning by rote, having the stuff on your tongue’s end. blunt Dr. Giambalvo pounds it in. Not effusive. "Jim-Balvo" is nevertheless a student’s behind-the-scenes friend. Euphemistically, affectionately termed "Ghastly Astlcy.’’ Dr. G. Mason Astley is the hardest worker, most unsparing of himself of any on the staff. A bald, sober, soporific lecturer, a hernia hunter, doctor of the old school, is Astley. Dr. Steele remarks the difference between the normal and Buerqer's Auer sidesteps Dr. Coomb's change of pace Getting down to practical operating-room skills, juniors hear from Dr. J. N. Coombs. Small, garrulous Dr. Coombs expounds on aseptic techniques, suture materials, instruments, operating-room behavior. Juniors pay attention, for before long they arc to be standing beside him. assisting. Believe it or not. juniors become seniors; few feel any different. In surgery the transition is marked by class members appearing regularly to scrub up (interminably), to stand for hours beside the table holding retractors. Tenacity becomes a surgical virtue. Preceded by clerkships in the wards students can follow their cases, note the results of suggested diagnostic studies—see the cases on the table. Seniors, self-consciously casual, become acclimated to the tension and alertness that is second-nature in the operating room. Many marvel at the promptness with which the older men sec infractions of technique, sense persons near them without looking, catch seniors with their hands at their sides in sterile gowns. So students have come this far. For overall knowledge of surgical statistics, surgical diagnosis, and surgical therapeutics they thank Drs. Babcock and Burnett. For surgical methods, minor surgical procedures, and help in ' assists" they are grateful to Drs. Coombs and Caswell. 158NEUROLOGY ROD HEUROSURGERY Neurology to freshmen is the study of nerve distribution on the cadaver, a didactic discussion of sympathetic vs. parasympathetic nervous systems. Sophomores know substantially more, carry a working picture of innervation from physiology and pathology. Disease of the C. N. S. is first encountered in the junior year, there adequately and minutely analyzed. Seniors think of neurology at Temple as neuropathology taught to them by four men. Four different outlooks shape their understanding, direct their inquiry of clinical material. Able, likable Dr. Scott talks over neurosurgery . . makes it simple by keeping to example. case: cutting didactic material to the bone. His approach is scholarly, at the same time practical. His is the decision to operate in a given case; his is the question, “How do you fellows feel about it?’’ Pudgy, boy-wonder Wycis. is his capable assistant. Stocky, broad-browed Dr. Gilpin, architect of the unconventional, says what he thinks, beats about no bushes. Gilpin teaches with his coat off. has a vigorous, definite air: is direct, brisk. Flashy, tanned Dr. Silverstein adds fine points, embellishments to our neuro-knowledge. Soft-spoken, understanding Dr. Sloan emits abstruse profundities. DR SHERMAN F GILPIN. Jr.. B.S.. M.D.. Clinical Professor of Neurolo-y DR M1CIIAEL SCOTT. B.S.. M.D.. F.A C.S.. Assistant Projessor of Neurosurgery "If you leave here knowing nothing else. I hope to heaven you'll at least remember this!" The Silver Scott fixes that corneal refiex in the minds of cne group.DR. THADDEUS L. MONTGOMERY. A.B.. M.D, F.A.C.S. Professor and Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology OBSTETRICS MID GYflECOLOGY In few subjects does instructor’s personality play a more paramount part than in teaching obstetrics. Lucky in having top-rank men in this respect are Temple seniors. Montgomery. Ales-bury. Hobcrman, and Quindlen bring obstetrics into students’ lives so they'll never forget it. Duncan. Beecham. Forman, and Stewart do the same with gynecology. Scholarly, deliberate Dr. Montgomery has outlined an ambitious program for students, beginning from the moment they pass into the sophomore year. Soft-spoken Jimmy Quindlen is there waiting to instill the necessary preliminary jargon. obstetrical point of view; prepare the way with the mechanical details of labor. Juniors run smack into Dr. J. Marsh Ales-bury; arc astonished, pleased at his forthright attitude, chortle at his brash impertinences. More often than many modern clinicians Ales speaks clearly and he has strong opinions to offer on the whole held. He catches students' imagination, receives their admiration. "The Chief.” Dr. Thaddeus L. Montgomery, seniors find is just as they'd pictured the head of obstetrics. Serious, solemn, ever conscious of his position, he demands and receives everyone's respect. Mis lectures are slow, thoughtful, complete. Because of his aloofness students have been surprised to find a considerate, kind teacher in the "Chief.” Those intimate with him have always known him for that. "Of course, you'll find the actual customer a little more slippery." Dr. Reed promises. Bill and Eld mark the "lie."The main body of didactic obstetrical lectures is carried by Alcsbury with the able help of jolly, rotund Hobcrman. Between the two. rest assured, there is little left to the imagination. They delight in direct, straightforward accounting, do not submerge the facts in too great punctiliousness. But behind the occasional gaiety is a lot of earnest attention to good obstetrical management. Our hats off to these men. Junior year carries with it another experience in obstetrics even more startling than Ales and Hoby. "On Call Nights" serve the same stimulating effect. (Where were you when that primip delivered at 3:27 A. M.?) Seniors spend their days entirely in outpatient clinics, ward work or on outpatient delivery service. And many a tale they can tell of delirious delivery amidst turbulent turmoil—to put it mildly. Senior conferences were for polishing off fine points, succeeded in helping re-arrange our knowledge. Gynecology was not stinted in time or attention, receiving its full quota of lectures, conferences, clinics. Dr. Beecham can be heard quietly dissecting the patient s recent behavior, pointing toward some cool conclusions. Imperturbable, erudite Beecham in his smooth manner lectures to lackadaisical students, soon has them scribbling notes at high speed. Adroit, reasoning Dr. Forman is a prime example of a capable teacher. No believer in rote memory, he leads Seniors to see and arrive at their own conclusions by analysis of symptoms. Gyny is logical, sequential, meaningful. under his tutorage. Any senior missing the diagnosis of ruptured ectopic will have to answer to him. And remember the treatment of ectopic before, during. and after rupture? From these beginnings, from such teachers. Temple seniors can be confident that they have been given the best in Obstetrics and Gynecology. Dud and "Post” obviously have urgent business elsewhere. "Leis” gleans an O. B. gem for that notebook, while Matty listens, and Dr. Montgomery conducts the ward walk Drs. Forman and Duncan critique the morning's "Gyne" problems. Dr. Reynolds demonstrates. Dr. Alesbury makes the whole thing orthodox. 161DR. WALDO E. NELSON. A B„ M.D.. Professor of Pediatrics PEDIATRICS Drawling, jut-jawed, is genial Waldo Nelson. Professor of Pediatrics. Standing with hands deep-thrust in pockets. Nelson impresses the scope and significance of pediatric practice on us all. He makes us feel, through a gruellingly paced junior and a more leisurely senior year, that pediatrics is nothing less than miniature medicine practiced with delicacy. Long will be remembered that series of junior lectures. Hour after hour Nelson narrates; hour after hour Anderson whips like a feminine ‘'spitfire’'. scarcely breathing from start to finish: card after card of notes accumulate until the stack becomes unwieldy. The medical student. who elbows his way forward to a front seat in 316, has learned to take his notes either (I) in optimistic scramble, or (2) in inaccurate scribble. Reason: Anderson's headlong haste. Junior clinics add a realistically practical foreground to the backdrop of words. It is one thing to hear about Mongolian idiots; quite another to have three presented in succession. It is a simple matter to academically rant about stools: more difficult to differentiate diapers of diabetes, dex-tro-maltosc. diarrhea. We still blush at our diagnosis of one case, including as it did all the possible lymphadenopathies. several surgical emergencies and a variety of pulmonary complications: final diagnosis: laryngitis and constipation. The practical application of didactic material was further achieved in the senior year in the Drs. Uthus and Tracey consider the light-Dr. Nelson will always have time for youth. hearted evidence.Saturday morning classes and the special pediatric conferences held in the X-ray museum. A constant procession of patients helped to nail down previously acquired book learning. Several rare birds preened their feathers: dystonia musculorum deformans, multiple congenital hemangiomata, pyocaneus meningitis, congenital ectodermal dysplasia. Perhaps the outstanding conference was one conducted by Dr. of the National Research Council. Intimately associated with the most recent work on penicillin, he presented the results to us in a striking array of graphic and statistical material. Other conferences were devoted to diarrhea, diabetes, convulsions, coma, tuberculosis and “Common Pediatric Problems.” These seminars were popular, were enthusiastically attended. Highlights: 'Andy’s” tireless efforts . . she seemed to go on day and night . . if she was speedy, severe, she was also concise, careful, constantly cautious. That anonymous answer to the question on Kenny polio precepts: “It has something to do with muscle incoordination, but I can’t see how it will have any effect on my pediatric practice.” Dr. Anderson’s bi-monthly, one-night stands in formula propping. She made a charming hostess, though the refreshments were in some ways wanting. An actual demonstration of the Kenny technique by R.N’.’s trained by the good Sister herself. Dr. Luchesi who rounded out our Kenny knowl- edge with an amusing portrait of the bush nurse, accounts of his attempts at baiting her. Said he: “She was very much on the defensive with the medical profession and would indignantly rebuff any suggestion of error in theories or practice.” The extensive use of penicillin in a case of pneumo-coccic meningitis. Unfortunately not successful; reason: complicating multiple brain abscesses. The source of the "knock" is mapped out by Dr. Anderson. Dr. Lucchesi points out the photographer to a young patient. The assurances of Dr. Bartram that no one expects you to remember this are not borne out by his own easy familiarity with the subject matter. Dr. Kendall and a senior section pause for a pediatric chat at Municipal Hospital.DR. JOHN ROYAL MOORE. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.C.S., I.C.S., Professor of Orthopedics ORTHOPEDICS Dr. John Royal Moore, muscular, vigorous exponent of the athletic life, is best known to us as the head of a busy orthopedic staff. In our junior year we were introduced to the high-strung. temperamental “Dinty" on Saturday mornings early. He had a name for being there early, for wanting complete attention. Juniors have a scries of orthopedic surgery lectures covering congenital abnormalities, osteomyelitis. chronic strain lesions, arc given the latest on treatment of tuberculosis of the bone, of osteogenic tumors. Clad only in scrub-suit and cap. Dr. Moore “performs in the pit”; realistically portrays each gait, each hobble produced by orthopedic problems. His quick command if attention wavers: “I want your attention here!" Off-scene contact with the Chief discloses an earnest if peremptory teacher, inclined to criticise, quick to help a student on matters orthopedic. Seniors begin serious study of fractures with didactic lectures on the ankle, metatarsal and os calcis fractures. Pott's, Dupuytren's. and Cotton's fractures become familiar I The Army boys perk up their ears at the account of “march fracture." By Dr. Moore's sponsorship, an afternoon was spent at the great sprawling Valley Forge General Army Hospital: priming on actual cases from the battlcfronts. noting elbow fractures from El Guettar. Maknassy and Fondouk. getting the facts about field medical service, the type of casualties from our mauling at the ill-fated Kas-serine Pass. Fracture care somehow becomes more important with the nearness of war.Corson discourses on anxiety hysteria while Dr. English thoughtfully agrees I he psychiatry clinic enjoys a case with Dr. Fried. PSYCHIfl RTY Capable, whimsical Dr. Gerald Pearson met us as freshmen, and took us from the oral stage through adolescence. “Now consider the case of the eleven-year-old girl with the pain in her side which was not appendicitis ...” We met this same little girl later, in junior pediatrics, but in the intetim, she had developed intractable eneu-resis. With Dr. Pearson, we found ourselves in a world of Ego. Superego, and Subconscious, which was colored by conflicts between instincts and environment. We listened aghast to tales concerning horrible infants whose only desire was to eat up their mothers. The following year. Dr. 0. S. English, accordionist and perennial host to the sophomores, announced that the Temple approach to psychiatry would be on a basis of Freudian psychoanalysis (by means of which the patient learns from himself, not from the analyst) rather than the psycho-biological approach, which does not place much emphasis on the first five years of life, and does not entirely accept the concept of the subconscious. Whereupon we were launched on the fascinating study of the common neuroses of children and adults. At the Philadelphia General Hospital, as juniors we saw a motley crew of manic depressives. paranoids, alcoholics, compulsives, and luetics: many hallucinated, some illusioncd. and others delusioned. Presenting our own cases, we attempted to manage them with the same degree of savoir faire displayed by the chief, but . . . DR. O. SPURGEON ENGLISH. M.D . Professor of PsychiatryDR. CARROLL S. WRIGHT. B.S.. M.D.. Professor of Dermatology and Syphilology DERMATOLOGY “Some men have little use for lotio calamine compound, but in my practice. I have used it in many severe cases, and have found it beneficial in the majority.” In many other courses we had been drilled as to the differential characteristics of chancroid, chancre, and carcinoma, but Dr. Wright’s lecture was classic. Unforgettable, too. was the dissertation on alopecia, during which several moth-eaten heads were discovered blushing where the roots used to be. To cheer those thus afflicted came the subtle statement that eunuchs usually have fine heads of hair. The most euphuistic description of disease was that of leukoderma colli, a cutaneous manifestation of syphilis; “. . . patches of depigmentation around the neck, like a string of pearls.” Tor a time, we were mildly discouraged at the depressed level of our dermatologic acumen; attempts to recall the clinical pictures of dermatoses we had never seen ended in a confused jumble of primary and secondary dermatological lesions: . . pinhead to pea-sized maculo- papulo-squamous rash, with occasional pustula-tion. induration, central clearing and imbricated silvery scales on the extensor surfaces.” Later, however, struggling to stay awake in stuffy “603,” we studied the excellent clinical material from Dr. Wright’s slide boxes, and with the help of Drs. Gequierre. Friedman. Niedel-man. and others, we were able to correlate, differentiate. and properly appreciate. "Uncomfortable, but not as bad as Spcnccr and Brown are exposed ... , . , . , . thedcntist sdrill says Dr. Wright. to a n,uy Problem. Arsphcnammc! Arsphenamme!Dr. Bird cheerfully draws a bead for the next shot. "Now this next case taught us all something." Dr Roesslcr supervises scrupulous attention to detail. ROENTGENOLOGY AND CARDIOLOGY Dr. I lanney led off with atomic weights, halfabsorption power per a defined thickness of target. and startling statements such as: "If A takes one hundred volts, and B is four centimeters thicker. B will require four hundred volts.” Dr. Chamberlain warned us about the tendency of diagnosticians to be lulled asleep by a negative X-ray. The interlobar fissures of the lungs were learned, forgotten, relearned, and. we hope, at last remembered. Beck’s sarcoid, cannon ball metastascs, the atalectasis of bronchogenic carcinoma. blocked bronchus, pvclo-venous return, pineal shift, and the greatest of these is Platy-basia. If an imaginary line be drawn from the top of the foramen magnum to the roof of the hard palate, and any part of a cervical vertebra be found above this, suspect Platybasia, but don’t call it Chamberlain's line. Dr. Arbuckle, with limited time at his disposal. chased us through the pathology of the gastro-intestinal tract in a rapid wave of peristalsis: gave us the essentials of urography in one hour, and delivered a valuable lecture on bone age. Dr. Bird appeared as his alternate. Master scholar, pseudo-cynical philosopher, and deliberate, logical lecturer. Dr. Hugo Roesslcr seldom failed to impress the point of his talks even upon the chronic slumberers. and so we learned much of "ze E. K. G. ahortic stenozees. and of ze venous poise in zc neck.” DR. W EDWARD CHAMBERLAIN. B A , M D. F.A.C.R . Professor of Radiology and RoentgenologyMIRESTHESIOLOGY DR. P. D. WOODBRIDGE. Projessor of Anesthesiology Early drugs used as analgesics included opium, cannabis, indica. mandrake, and alcohol, whatever that is. In 1842 a gentleman named Long, and several of his friends, indulged in what were popularly known as Ether frolics. Arguments as to whether Long or Morton deserves the credit for introducing inhalation anaesthesia usually revert to the story of the Garden of Eden (via Sir Humphrey Davy), where “God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam ..." and "In sorrow shall ye bring forth children.” Dr. Woodbridge presented us with a staggering list of references anacsthesiologic. and then delivered a clear and concise series of lectures. "The metabolic rate parallels the reflex activity. It is affected by hyperthyroidism, fever, pain, apprehension, atropine, pregnancy, sthenicity. hypothyroidism, anemia, shock, debility, obesity, narcotics, and anaesthetics. Cyclopropane combines low toxicity with good relaxation and excellent anaesthesia. In examining for anaesthetic risk in a prospective candidate for operation, the minimal considerations are: apprehension, reflex irritability, blood pressure, hemoglobin, and urinalysis. If the patient is fifty-five years or over, he is out of the grade one risk." The first cry of pain through the piimitive jungle was the first call for the anaesthesiologist. “Two snaps and you’re in the vertebral canal.” Fett inducts his first ether.Under Dr. Kimmel’s steady hand, the exact amount enters the eye. Dr. Lillie's happy family. OPHTHflUOLOGY Dr. Walter I. Lillie, after making it clearly understood that he who failed to spell ophthaL mology correctly would be in the army sooner than expected, switched off the lights and showed us the fundal vessels and adnexae (those little things the ophthalmologist uses to beat the other specialists to the diagnosis). There, are the vessels that we were to hunt for later in vain as we sighted along the patient's alac nasae looking for the disc margin. Although it took some of us quite a while to pigeonhole elusive terms like homonymous hemianopsia and cecocentral scotoma, we were inspired by the excellence of the teaching and the personalities of the teachers to the extent of storing many ophthalmologic essentials in our intracranial dcadspace. We heard of retrobulbar neuritis. an inflammatory state involving visual acuity which may afflict the unwary user of depilatories containing thallium acetate. If one was going to have glaucoma, it was better to have an acute case. Strangler Lewis married an eye. ear. nose and throat doctor after she got his wrestler’s trachoma under control. The philosophy of the inimitable Chinese was illustrated in the story of trachoma patients in a British labor battalion: as each Chinaman writhed on the ground from the pain induced by the copper sulfate crystals, his fellows behind him in line would howl in glee at his plight. Confucius may be proud. DR WALTER I. LILLIE. M.D.. M S.. FACS. Professor of OphthalmologyDR. MATTHEW S. ERSNER. M.D.. FACS.. Professor of Otology OTOLOGY “The round window is situated in the middle ear—did I tell you about the little bug that crept in and crept out? Maybe you would like better the Yodler’s dismay’?’’ Magnanimous Uncle Matty, recognizing certain of our shortcomings, assumed that we would permit much of his teaching to flow in one external auditory canal and out the other, without filtration: so he did us the kindness of selected repetition. “Any chronic suppurative ear should be regarded with suspicion. Any infection of the middle ear or eustachian tube is secondary. Mastoiditis should be operated when it cools off. Mastoiditis may have the following terminations or sequellae: resolution, thrombosis of the lateral sinus or cavernous sinus, septicemia, meningitis, chronic suppurative otitis media, osteomyelitis of diploic bone, embolism, facial palsy, osteitis of pneumatized bone, deafness, labyrinthitis, and petrositis.’’ In senior otology clinic, clad in traditional E. N. T. headgear, we struggled to keep the light beam in the ear speculum, secretly longing for the compact otoscope. Eventually, after disengaging our necks from positions of acquired torticollis. we found that if we turned the patient's head, we were even able to visualize Shrapnel’s membrane. Dr. Ersner goes into the temporo-petrcsal region. A perforated drum is shown by Dr. Rachlis in ear clinic.Dr. Davis' effective antispasmodic laughter and more laughter. Spear looks. Dr Davis anticipates a deviated septum. RHtnOLflRYflGOLOGY Kindly, jocular Dr. Ridpath gesticulated, cavorted, imitated and regaled in familiarizing us with his specialty. The most important function of the nose is breathing: we didn’t argue: one can’t smell unless one breathes. Adenoids can produce two dozen sundry signs and symptoms including enuresis. Sphenoid sinusitis, besides giving one an occipital headache, can cause plantar "archalgia.” Most amazing was the information that cauterizing the sex areas at the posterior of the inferior and middle meatuses may cure dysmenorrhea. Dr. Davis warned us not to be tonsil snatchers or to be so precocious as to remove the ychudian adenoids of an adult. L-ater we were given a tidy list of indications for tonsillectomy; told that the snare was rapidly becoming a museum piece, since the la Force tonsillotomc. an ingeniously constructed guillotine which combines the functions of scalpel, hemostatic forceps and tongue depressor, was the instrument of choice . . if we knew how to use all the little screws and levers. We met the post-nasal pack in senior clinic one afternoon, shortly met it again in the final examination. I he Caldwell-Luc operation appeared to be a kind of skilled carpentry which made sleep in the rear of the amphitheatre impossible. In clinic we learned that it is better to blow the nasal discharge into a handkerchief than into the face of the intrepid examiner, that adjusting a head mirror requires imagination. Dr. Davis displayed his pet personal spur: lone symptom, sneezing. DR ROBERT F RIDPATH. MD.S:D.FACS. Profcsior of RhinolaryngologyDR. CHEVALIER L. JACKSON. B A . M.D.. M.Sc.. F.A.C.S.. Professor of Broncho-esophagology BROnCHO-ESOPHflGOLOGY Most of us had heard that Temple boasted of renowned Dr. Jackson years before we became students of gross anatomy. We learned that perseverance. hard work and ambidexterity were factors responsible for success in this field, as well as an appreciation for art. especially shades of color. Seeking only foreign bodies. Ca and the like in the lower respiratory tract and the esophagus, the Jacksons have somehow caught the fancy of the general public. Before the screen in ‘'603” we watched the drama that has characterized the careers of Drs. Chevalier Jackson, senior and junior, unfold. The younger Dr. Jackson, aided by resident Dr. Charles Norris, explained the symptamatology and diagnosis of foreign bodies in the respiratory and food passages; the indications for bronchoscopy; the mechanism of hoarseness; the tragedy of an improperly performed tracheotomy. To help those afflicted with an “A” deficiency, he passed out lucid syllabi on the subject of the day. We did not have the benefit of this course during our senior year, a disappointment to many, but we were free to watch the Bronchoscopic Clinic in action on Tuesday and Thursday mornings. Some of us who went to a recent Babcock Surgical Society meeting enjoyed Dr. Jackson s talk on laryngectomy and the elderly man who had learned how to talk sans larynx by burping swallowed air. This man is now eleven years past his laryngectomy for Ca and is an enthusiastic orthenician for those without a noise-maker. Chief asset in Bronchoscopy is bimanual dexterity combined with the patience of Job. Assorted scrap from the tracheae and esophagi of Dr. Jackson's innumerable well-wishers. Dr. Norris passes one.Up a twisted path with Dr. Fretz. Dr. McCrea puts color into cystoscopic photography. UROLOGY Always encouraging to the neophyte. Dr. Thomas assured us that we would have plenty of time for a post-graduate study of urology, because during the early days, our “practice” would come in only twice a week. The most common symptom of disease of the urinary tract is pollakiuria. or frequency of urination. (This makes of life a series of button-ings and unbuttonings.) Pain, hematuria, and pyuria are next in order. The postoperative treatment of adult circumcision includes bromides, ice bag. and instructions to read the lamentations of Ezekiel. If a patient comes into your office and says. "Doc. I want to talk to you about something.” begin to hunt for the Gram stain. A difficult patient is that one who fails to return for a second visit. “If I've got something. I don’t want to know about it.” Talk to the patient about his disease, not his morals; he already knows about them. If. three weeks or so after an acute Neisserian urethritis, a patient is strolling down Chestnut Street, and is seized with a severe pain, think of an acute epididymitis, and follow with a Block-ley bandage (as historic a therapeutic measure as any in Philadelphia). Of special interest recently have been Dr. Lowrain McCrca’s cystoscopic photography exhibits. Much credit is due this modest pioneer who. at his personal expense, has achieved such superlative results in urological research. DR. W. HERSEY THOMAS. B A . M.D.. F.A.C.S.. Professor of UrologyDR. HARRY E. BACON. B.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.S.. F.I.C.S.. F.A.C.P.S., Professor and Head of Department of Proctology PROCTOLOGY "In this course we will consider the diseases of the anus, rectum, and sigmoid colon. To supplement classroom discussion, there will be a certain amount of outside reading. Would you rather write a weekly essay or be subject to occasional examination?" We would rather be subjected. After this somewhat ominous introduction. Dr. Harry E. Bacon, assisted by Drs. Schneider. Eisenberg. and Benedict, gave us a well-oriented series of discourses on matters ano-rectal and sigmoidal. "Above all, ladies and gentlemen, thoroughness and gentleness are criteria in proctologic examination. Peek before you poke, then get to the bottom of things. General symptoms are pain, protrusion, itching, change in bowel habit, and bleeding. The most painful condition in or around the rectum is fissure in ano. The rectal mucosa of chronic cascara sagradians has a snakeskin appearance. Pruitis ani is a symptom, not a disease. It is a syndrome embodying an alteration in anal and perianal skin due to irritation of the peripheral nerve endings, and caused by some local or systemic disease.” A big day on the hospital proctologic service begins with the rapidly disseminated news flash that the "chief” is going to do an "over and under.” the famed Bacon-Babcock abdominoperineal proctosigmoidectomy. Hemorrhoids are deftly excised by Dr. Schneider. The perineo-abdominal procto-sigmoidcctomy is Dr. Bacon's classic.FRESHMEN Front Row. left to right: H. S- Anhalt. J. W. Annand. J. A. Anthony. A. A. Arce. R. K. Ashley. O. L. Babcock. G. W. Bagby. G. L. Barnes. F. Barnum. R. L. Bauer. S. H. Bear. Middle Row: W. C. Beck. Jr.. F B. Becker. R I... Bennett. W. A. Birt. R. L. Bowen. Jr . W. E. Brown. C. W. Burroughs. D. W. Call. G. J. Callenbcrger. K. Chalal. R. S. Christman. Back Row: J. R. Clarken. R. A. Cochran. T. P. Cortelyou, M. J. Costik. F. P. Dale. A. 0. Davies. D. R. Davis. Front Row. left to right: L. D. Day. R. W. Depaplaine. A. M. Di George. N. Dintenfass. N. Epstein. G. Fagot. R- Feliciano. H. E. Fishel. A. D. Fisher. J. R. Foster. Middle Row: R. B. Francis. H. S. Gallagher. R. S. Goodwin. R. B. Graybill. G. E. Groleau. J. H. Hall. Jr.. J. A. Hargleroad. H- Hay-ford. Jr-. W. C. Hcmmerly. A. R. Henderson. Back Row: R. B. Hess. H. C. Huber. C. J. Kasalcs. J. S. Kaufman- 175Freshmen not in Group Pictures: J. H. Arce. S. A. Berio. E. C. Brinning, Jr.. R. J. Desprez. R. W. Gilmore. G. C. Hopkins. T. M. Horrax, H. H. Lyons. W. M. Snow. H. L. Steven. J. H. Swift, L. W. Turner. R. W. Weller. D. D. Woodring Front Rou left to right: H. E. Klcincrt, E. W. Klink. W. E. Kohlhcim. E. W. Lautcrbach, J. A. Leer, Jr.. V. Miller. E. J. Lcgenza, L. L. L.evy. J. Lione. J. T. Mallams- Back Row: R C. Minick, R. G. L. Megaw. J. C. Mengcs. P. H. Powell. Jr.. R. A Niles. J. Oritt. E. R. Owens. F. Oycn. D. A. Paris. J. C. Payne. R. C. Powell, W. J. McCandless. Front Row. left to right: H. D. Fropst. R. Rapp. G. M. Rhodes. Jr.. P. W. Rider. R. E. Reuting, E. W. Woodridge. G. L. Rubright. J. Schcchter. J. H. Roeder. J. H. Sheble. III. Middle Row: R. N. Shoemaker. G. R. Shore. W. A. Shuman. D. P. Storer. W. M. Strunk. D. J. Summerson, F. Sutliff, H. J. Taylor. G. E. Muchsam. A. Woldow. F. Williams. Jr. Back Row: R. T. Wheeler. Jr.. J. M. Snauffer. F. W. Winters. Jr.. E. F. Wicrzalis. W. D. Warner. R. L. Wall. H. J. Umlauf. Jr. 177SOPHOMORES Front Rou). left to right: J. W. Delozier. W. L. Dorrance. W. H. Chapman. J. D. Cross. A. M. Burton. R. J. Alesbury. A. B. Adams. R. F. Cunningham. S. P. Bralcw. W. 11. Allen. Second Row: R. L. Craig. E. H. Bedrossian. W. H. Coleman. W. F. S. Char. W. N. Campbell. P. R. Casey. W. T. Burns. W. T. Bisscll, E. H. Bair. Bach Row: FI. R. Berry. R. J. Bishoff. W. J. Cassidy. J. J. Buck- Icy. R. H. Dickey. L. J. Cordrcy. First Row. left to right: S. W. Gladding. R. L- Green, R. S. Graft. F. A. Erskine. F. W Furham. H. M- Edwards. C. P. Giescn. A V. Hansen. A. E. Fulton. A. J. Fines tone. Second Row: J. W. Kresock. W. J. Kelly. P. O. Ccif. J. H. Githens. J. S. Kurtz. T. F. Ccrson. R. Kay. E. M. Kistler. Back Row: R. D. Jackson. R. E. Fox. J. B. Henson. W. J. Helsing. W. A Kates. H. A. Greenberg. C. D. W. Hause. W. E. Hooper. 178Sophomores not in Group Pictures: R. K. Gorton. J. C. Milnor. R. L. Puncheon. R. U. Rumbaugh. W. J. Short. R C. Swingle. Front Row. left to right: R. E. McDonald. W. J. Levinsky. T. J. Lyons. E. J. McMahan. R. C Marotti, A A. McLean. A. G. Pierce. G. W. LcWorthy. J. E. Moylan. T. F- Rcale. Second Row: T. W. O'Connor. A. W. Moats. N. B. Livingston. R. 0 May. R. W. Mather. D. A Mauriello. J. B. Liebler. W. R. Penman. M. E. Pickett Third Row: C. H. Lentz. G H Millington. J. C Milnor. A. R. McKinley, W. S. Morgan. S. McCraken. L. L. Packer. Front Row. lift to right: K. A. Smith. C. Reiner. S. Shore. J. J. Traitz. F. Santore. E. D. Shade. E. E. Short. L. B. Topkis-SchlofT. W. C. Waltemyer. T. Van den Bosch. W. J. Stout. R. N. Richards. Second Row: G. S. Watson. R. L. Ubcr. H. H. Steel. R. V. Santo. E. W. Reber. C. H. Sillars. R. B. Reinhart. Z. Schloff. H. J. Rzonca. J. P. Repetto. H. W. Taylor. R. C. Reinsel. Third Row: T. F. Shechy. S. S. Shorter. S. Siegel. J. C. Wrye. R. R. Stonehill. R. S. Sanford. C. R. Rogero. R. M- Rees. 179JUNIORS Front Rou). left to right: A. L. Colley. M. N. Abramson. W. J. Blasco. B. Clyman. R. Brooks. M. A. Brown, Z. J. Baczewski. J. J. Paker. E. W. Davis. R Bucher. Back Row: H. G. De Cherney. J. W. Ditzler. W. C. Covey. Jr.. J. F. Campana. F. H. Ainsworth. B. C. Cochran. H. De H. Cleaver. Jr. Front Row. left to right: J. Florio. M. J Cardncr. B. Eisenstein. M. I I. Edwards. P. C. Frost. J. B. Donaldson. P. M Kamtlcr. D. J. Hicks. R. S. Himes. G. W. Hogshead- Middle Row: J. A. Eyler. W M. Fong. R. E- Johns. L. W. Krumperman. Q. B. Hughes. J. M. Edmiston. J. Harrison. Jr.. W. T. Hall. J. N. Dill. Back Row: H. G. Krueger. J. Alvarez. H. S. Haas. L. Harrington. E T. Geer. Jr.. F. T. Eastwood. T. B. Johnson. J. D. Hallahan. 180Juniors nol in Group Pictures: F. Steller. W. Kirkpatrick. G. F. Wood. D. J. Ottenberg. J. E. Conrad. H. G. Neese. Jr.. D. Casey. T. N. Ryon. M. S. Eisenberg. E. W. Sauseer. G A. McClcskey. F. B. Watters, J. W. Larson, R. C. Baughman. J. E. Ruud. I. Nieda. L. W. Whitney. N. Copp. 1- A. McGavin. W. McKinney. Front Row. left to right: R. G. Martin, T. C. MacFarland. R. I.eFcver, E. C. W. Lum, V. J. Krisukas. N. E. Malcolm, L. M. Pelozzi. E D. Morton. F. V. Lichtenfels, D. E. Matthison. Back. Row: M M. M- Mansuy, A. P. Cielle. D. E Richer. W. G. Evans. F. A. Lippi. F. Maroshek. C. G. Papoln. W. J. Overman. C. C. Peterson, J. J. Lazzcri. Front Row. left to right: T. R. C. Sisson. J. G. Watson. A. C. Twiss. W. M. Myers. H. F. Stochen. M. C. Collins. R. J. Snyder. H. F. West. A. Stiefel. P. Steinhorn. Middle Row: H. Schwartz, H. A. Stokes. Back Row: F. G- Wade. J. Zatuchni. M. A. Tulla. J. V. McCall. B- P. Adelman. C. C. Swift. C. I. M. Ziegler. L. G. Sheffel, R. H. Van Meter. H. C. Smith. 181DAVY IHEDICII1E A Message from the Surgeon General of the U. S. Navy To all ircrr.fcers of the graduating class of Temple University Medical School, 1 wish to send my heartiest congratulations and best wishes. To the Navy men of the class. I have a special message of welcome into the Medical Corps. I know you are proud to be prospective naval medical officers and are impatient to enter upon active duty. The heroism and sacrifices of this corps in the present struggle will challenge you to give your best in service to your country. Moreover, you have the splendid record of your Temple alumni to perpetuate, for many of them are serving with distinction in the Armed Forces. Yours is one of more than three score approved medical schools which arc participating in the Navy’s V-12 program. Temple is, through you. doing its part in helping to insure a steady flow of medical officers into the Naval Service. More than 5,000 medical students are now enrolled in the Navy’s V-12 program. Most of you in the graduating class are in the unusual position of beginning your medical careers in military practice and going thereafter into civilian practice, quite the opposite of the usual procedure. In my judgment, you have a unique privilege. I feel that your military experience will benefit you professionally and spiritually. You will obtain a perspective and an insight into human values enjoyed by the few. To those who will launch careers in civil life. I would give this message: Your contribution is potentially no less essential than that of the doctor in uniform. Serve where you are needed most and adhere to the noble spirit of your Hippocratic oath. In so doing, you will ever be a credit to your alma mater and your country. Very truly yours. Ross T. Me Inti re. Rear Admiral (M. C.) Surgeon General. U. S. Navy Official V. S. iYa-y photo {r d,■ It  «■»MY IHEDICIHE A Message from the Surgeon General of the U. S. Army To Members of the Class of 1943, Temple University Medical School: It is encouraging to learn that 95 per cent of the medical students of Temple University this year arc preparing to serve their country as they can serve it best as medical men with the Armed Services. At no time in history has our nation been faced with the need confronting it today for medical skill to maintain health and to care for our wounded soldiers. And at no previous time has a greater opportunity been offered to young physicians and surgeons. We are fighting today on land and sea. in the air overhead and under the waters of every ocean. We are fighting against every virus, germ and parasite known to man in every climate and in most of the countries of the world. 1 o the ever increasing honor of our profession we are meeting the challenge of every force of destruction let loose on the earth today. The Army Medical Corps and the Navy Medical Corps have already hung up an enviable record in the conquest of disease and the saving of lives of the wounded. The Four Horsemen no longer inspire terror in the hearts of American soldiers who know- that their chances of dying arc far less than in any previous war. We are not satisfied nor complacent over that record. It can and will be bettered and you members of the Temple University Medical School Class of 1943 and those who follow you are among those destined to better it. There are few parades, few medals and decorations and little glory for medical men in war. But there is in it an undying satisfaction and stimulating pride in knowing that you serve on the life-saving side of w'ar and have a share in preserving the lives of thousands of men who would die but for your skill. Sincerely yours. Norman T. Kirk Major General, U. S. Army. The Surgeon GeneralTEMPLE UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL Residents Front Row. left to right: N. Learner. H. T. Caswell. A. F. Scifer, L.. L Knight. Dr. Parkinson. L. Hin-man, M. Kimmcl. L Brnnsford. Second Row: A. Fictroluongo. G. A. Lawrence. Jr.. H. Hyman. J. H. Hall. M. Kligerntan. C. M. Norris. J. W. Hosncr. H. D. Eumirardrer. H Stauffer. J- long. Residents Not in Picture: C. A. Holland. F. Doming. E. E. Reid. F- P. Ermilio. J. B. Roxby. Jr.. H. T. Wycis, D. Luther. Interns Front Row. left to right: E. R. McKay. C. T Bello. Dr. Parkinson. E. R. Luccnte. M. E. Morrow. Jr.. G. M. McDonnel. Back Row: M. Marks. B. Mackler, W. D. Todhunter. B. M. Snow. N. D. MacKenzie. W. W. Sawyer. Interns Not in Picture: J. D. Ashby, L. T. Burns. R. A. 1 leebner. M. J. Pierson. A. Sokalchuk. B- H. Burbank. S. H. Fisher. 186ALPHA AAPPA AAPPA, BETA 0A1ICR0A One of the most astounding feats of all time in the history of Beta Omicron was announced at the annual banquet on September 26 at the Warwick Hotel by treasurer Joe De Lozier who reported that in the past four years we had come from several hundred dollars in the red to a present balance of over one thousand dollars, “with all bills paid.’’ Another highlight of that memorable evening was Dr. John Kolmer’s eloquent reminiscing of his life. Need we mention the stories of “Mose” Burnett. Beta Omicron of Alpha Kappa Kappa started its life on May 7. 1932 when a group called the 'Crescent Club’’ with the leadership of Dr. Burnett was initiated as Alpha Kappa Kappa’s at the Epsilon Chapter of Jefferson Medical College. Under the guidance of enthusiastic Dr. Chamberlain, District Deputy. Beta Omicron has benefited socially and financially. Things to remember always are the Tri-chapter Dance, the Saturday night “socials,” bull sessions in second floor front. Speaking of the war, “Shorty” Giesen says. “We will contribute our particular knowledge and skill to the potent bacteriocide which is already in the process of eliminating the purulent exudate emanating from Berlin and Tokyo, a double foci which has infected the vital organs of freedom.”MEMBERS FACULTY W. Emory Burnett W. Edward Chamberlain Thomas A. Durant Frederick A. Fiske Jaqucs P. Guequierre Chevalier Jackson John A. Kolmer Waldo E. Nelson Earl A. Shrader Staughton R. Vogel SENIORS Don L. Baahline George A. Deitrick F. Clay Gibson 1 larle B. Grover John H. Kolmer Karl A. Osborn JUNIORS Samuel S. Barr August P. Ciell James N. Dill J. Albert Eyler Thomas B. Johnson Frederick V. Lichtenfels Matthew M. Mansuy George A. McCloskey William A. Nickles Robert N. Snyder George J. Urban Charles M. I. Ziegler Thomas H. Ainsworth SOPHOMORES Robert J. Alcsbury Joseph W. De Lozier Fredrick W. Durham Charles Phillip Giesen Walter J. I lelsing Norloso B. Livingston Robert W. Mather Robert Oscar May Robert Moss Rees Raymond F. Cunningham William E. Hooper FRESHMEN William H. McCafTcrty Stewart Goodwin Kirk Ashley Payne Dale David Reese Owens Delmo Paris Waller Rees "Big Charley" prepares for Guadalcanal. Probably G minor. 1 lard to believe.THE MEMBERS OF PHI ALPHA SIGMA SIGfTIfl, MEMBERS FACULTY Charles H. Grime J. Garrett Hickey M. J. Fluffnagel Wilmcr Kruscn George Me Reynolds J. Roy Van Meter T. R. Wolff S. L. Woodhouse. Jr. SENIORS Bernard A. Bellew Louis J. Cenni. Jr. William S. Freeman. Jr. Richard R. Gove. Jr. Robert S. Spencer John C. Uric George G. Wychc. Jr. JUNIORS Arthur W. Faust. Jr. Thomas A. McGavin William T. McKinney. Jr. Fredrich C. Steller SOPHOMORES Dominic A. Mauriello Arthur R. McKinley Winfield S. Morgan Robert T. Puncheon Henry Rhzonca William J. Short Samuel S Shorter Joseph H. Swift. Jr. Ralph T. Uber FRESHMEN Robert B. Francis W'arren J. McCandless Larry L. Packer Ralph C. Powell Charles Sillars Daniel P. Storer Edward F. Wierzalis OFFICERS Primarius George G. Wyche. Jr. Sub-Primarius . . William S. Freeman, Jr. Custos .... .....Thomas A. McGavin Scribe ... ........ Arthur R. McKinley Steward ............ Fredrich C. Steller House Chairman........... Ralph T. UberDr. Nathan B. Van Etten, former president of the American Medical Association, founded Phi Alpha Sigma, in 1886 as one of the first medical fraternities in the United States. The Temple chapter, lota, is the youngest, being established in 1932 by Drs. Wil-mer Kruscn. Samuel B. Hadden, and Nelson B. Davis- The well-earned relaxation of one short hour before study. McGavin is high man at "polo" despite the lack of a horse Faust. Swift and Wyche enjoy the facilities of the bar. Fraternity activities are centered about the house on 3336 North 16th Street, where frequent meetings are held discussing medical problems and current interests. As an aid to the members in their studies, the fraternity provides such things as movies on medical subjects, informal talks by guest physicians, phonographic recordings of normal and pathologic heart sounds, stereoscopic studies of human anatomy, dermatology, etc., and by means of a modest library, a supplement to the members’ own texts. Recreation centers about such activities as cards, table tennis, darts, table polo and chess. Social activities consist in colorful parties with dancing in the house's spacious living and dining rooms and thirst quenching at the bar in the basement recreation room. In addition there arc annual dances and smokers with chapters from Jefferson Medical College. University of Pennsylvania Medical School and Cornell University Medical School. The freshmen learn their osteology with the help of Adolf.MEMBERS PHI BETA PI, BETH Ell) OFFICERS Archon Vicc-Archon Secretary Treasurer O. Ernest Grua Kent F. Westley Grant B. Hughes Jack H. Hall FACULTY John B. Bartram Clayton Beecham H. L. Bottomley James E. Bowman Charles L. Brown J. Norman Coombs T. Carroll Davis Charles O, Dc Lucca Dan J. Donnelly J. V. Farrell Glenn G. Gibson L. Vincent Hayes Frank W. Konzelmann John I ansbury Edward Larson Walter I. L.llie Savere A. Madonna C. K Miller Charles S. Miller Herbert Raines J. N. Richardson Melvin A. Saylor Henry Schneider Earle H. Spaulding Scott L. Verrei Jack Wclty SENIORS Tracey E. Barber Clayton Behrens Raid B. Chappell Max F. Day 0. Ernest Grua Jack H. Hall William P. Hauser Bernard Hutchinson Edward T. Ruud William N. Spear P, Dale Thompson Oliver S. Uthus Kent F. Westley JUNIORS Joseph Alvarez Newton H. Copp Grant B. Hughes Clifford C. Peterson John E. Ruud Harry Smith Harold A. Stokes Alston C. Twiss Harold F. West SOPHOMORES Arthur M. Burton John K. Cross Samuel W. Gladding Richard K. Gorton William J. Kelly FRESHMEN Antonio Arci George W. Bagby Glenn L. Barnes Robert L. Bowen. Jr. L. Dean Day Gabriel Fagot Harold E. Klcinert Walter R. Kohlhcim Harry J. Umlauf. Jr. Freshmen and Sophomores of Phi Beta. Juniors and Seniors of Phi Beta.Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity dates its beginning from March 10. 1891. when at the University of Western Pennsylvania, now the University of Pittsburgh, the original charter was drawn up. From this beginning the fraternity spread to medical schools throughout the country and at present represents an organization of over forty active chapters. Beta Eta was organized in 1934 and as such constitutes a merger between Omega Upsilon Phi and Phi Beta Pi. Previous to this date, the organization at Temple constituted the Upsilon Chapter of Omega Upsilon Phi. In Beta Eta’s short period of existence, the chapter has grown and now claims greater strength than in any other previous year. Beta Eta is not only proud of its members but claims a Faculty and Alumni Association second to none. On July 10. Drs. John B. Bart ram. FI. L. Bottomley. John Lansbury, and Earle H. Spaulding were placed on the roll of Phi Betes when, at a special faculty and active chapter banquet, these men were initiated. Under able leadership the chapter house at 3327 North 16th Street proved to be a "hive of activity." Not only was midnight oil burned there in the search for knowledge but also for the fostering of fraternal friendship. In a newly decorated party room. Phi Betes and friends spent many enjoyable evenings exercising their humero-ulnar joints. Lounging around with Hall and his guns. Burton and Kelly listen for fetal heart sounds. 193 A party in the new Phi Beta wreck room. AH the clan enjoys dinner at the house.PHI CHI, THETfl UPSILOn MEMBERS FACULTY Robert Arbucklc Jesse O. Arnold Mason Astley W. Wayne Babcock Harry Bacon Allen Beckley Franklin Benedict G. C. Bird John Bower D. J. Denncdy John Emich George Farrar Philip Fiscclla Worth Forman G. P. Giambalvo Sherman Gilpin Bradford Green S. Bruce Greenway I larry Groff Hugh Hayford John Leedom Hcsser Lindig Robert MacKinnon Edwin Mcllvain John Royal Moore Morton Oppenhcimcr William Parkinson William Pritchard James Quindlen Chester Reynolds Harold Roxby John Roxby William Steele Barton Young F. T. Zaborowski SENIORS Albert Cross Harry Draper John Emich Herbert Fctt W'illiam Goodspeed Larry Greisemer George Grimes Ralph Hogshead. Jr. Charles Leonard William Milliron Robert Nicholson Fountain Parrott George Race Penn Ralph Charles Rath John Rhoads Leo Szakalun Harry Trapp Woodrow Wendling JUNIORS Edward Davis John Edmiston Joseph Florio Richard Himes George Hogshead Fredrick Kelley Henry Krueger Franz Maroshek Joel V. McCall Thomas McFarland Edward Morton W. Mahon Myers Eugene Sausscr Thomas Sisson Miquel Tulla Frank Wade James W atson SOPHOMORES Howard Bedrusian Ralph Berry Schyuler Bissell William Chapman Robert Craig Robert Dickey William Dorrance Victor Hanson Richard Kay Steven Kurtz Clark Lentz Thomas Lyons John Milnor John Rcpctto Marshall Rumbaugh Thomas Shcchy FRESHMEN Oliver Babcock Stanley Bear Fredrick Becker William Birt Dee Call Robert Cochran Donald Davis Renkert DesPrez John Foster John Leer Robert Olstad Fritz Oven Courtland Payne Frank Pierce Robert Rapp OFFICERS Presiding Senior.....William K. Goodspeed Presiding Junior...........Henry G. Krueger Secretary.................James G. Watson Treasurer................. Edward W. Davis Judge Advocate.................Albert J. Cross Officers of Phi Chi. 1943: Watson. Goodspeed, Foster. "Nick.” and Kruger Kruger. Cron. Emich. Craig. Hansen. contemplate laundry economy. Rehabilitation of the inner man. Foregathering of the member of Phi Chi. In 1910 Omega Upsilon Lambda was chartered as Theta Upsilon of Phi Chi. Since that time the local chapter has come a long way. with a present enrollment of 68 members. Under the able leadership of William Goodspeed the activities of the house have been most gratifying. We have had the good fortune in having had a number of seminars conducted by several prominent faculty members as well as men from other institutions. We feel sure that we shall all remember with fond recollections the good times that we have enjoyed as members together, especially the Saturday night beer parties. Tri-chapter dances, and even the long bull sessions at which we tried to contemplate what the services would do next now that we all belonged to either the Army or the Navy. However, in the midst of the present world strife Phi Chi continues to uphold the ideals upon which it was founded. We salute those who have gone before us, encourage those who arc about to begin their careers, and extend a hand of fellowship and brotherly love to those who remain as active members. Milliron conducts an informal study ball. Ususal post-prandial activities.PHI DELIA EPSILOD, SIGfllfl Since its founding thirty-nine years ago at Cornell University, Phi Delta Epsilon has enjoyed a steady growth until today it has sixty-two active chapters in the United States, and ranks with the larger national medical fraternities. The activities of Sigma (established at Temple in 1917) center in the chapter house at 1033 Spruce Street. On Saturday nights, the cares of the week are forgotten, in the pleasure of mingling with the members of the other chapters at the regular weekly parties. I he social program traditionally ranges from stag sessions to several dances and banquets given throughout the year. But the fun and frivolity of fraternity life is not allowed to overshadow the primary purpose of the members to develop as good physicians. Discussions, lectures and symposia on medical topics of current interest have been conducted by members, graduates, and prominent specialists representing many branches of medical thought. And with virtually the entire membership of the fraternity in the uniform of our country, more thought and discussions on military medical topics have been the rule. OFFICERS Consul ............. .......Bernard Siman Vice-Consul...... .. Joseph Gordon Chancellor. ................Henry Dudnick Scribe...... ...............Byron Clyman Senator .......... Bernard Eisenstein The banker is the money man. as usual.Gardner’s boogie-woogie sends the Phi Delta. The most strenuous exercise in the house. MEMBERS FACULTY Simon Ball Nathan Blumbcrg Leon Caplan Louis Cohen S. W. Eisenberg Mathew S. Ersner Isidor Forman Frank Glauser Martin Gold Samuel Goldberg J. N. Grossman Sydney Harberg Maurice Jacobs Nathan Levin David Myers Saul Savitz Michael Scott Harry Simpkins Louis Soloff Edward Steinfeld I lenry Tumen E. M. Weinberger Sydney Weiss Michael Wohl Joseph B. Wolffe SENIORS Henry Dudnick Joseph Gordon Milton Sarshik Bernard I. Siman JUNIORS Bernard Adelman Robert Brooks Byron Clyman Morton Eisenberg Bernard Eisenstem Melvin Gardner Harold Schwartz Arthur Steiffel Paul Steinhorn SOPHOMORES Sol Bralow Theodore Gerson Harold Greenberg Albert Finestone Zachary Schlatf Seymour Shore Seymour Siegel Charles Reiner PLEDGES Kenneth Chalat Norman Dintenfass Norman Epstein Arthur Fisher James Kaufman Lewis Levy Jack Oritt Jack Schechter Asher Woldow SIGMA CHAPTER: QUIET MOMENTOFFICERS President ... .............Don Casey Vice-President William Brensincer Secretary ..........Andrew Adams Treasurer Harry Neese MEMBERS faculty Ernest Aegerter Sacks Bricker Joseph C. Donne John F. Huber Robert S. I luffner Thomas Klein Pascal Lucchesi A. A. Mitten Robert Ridpath W. 1 lershey Thomas SENIORS William J. Brensinger JUNIORS 1 toward N. Baicr Donald J. Casey Joseph Conrad J. William Ditzler William Evans John Larson Richard G. Martin I larry G. Neese Franklin Watters Joseph Lazzeri SOPHOMORES Andrew Adams Paul Casey Lee Cordrey Albert Fulton Edwin Kistler George I-eWorthy John Liebler Anthony Moats. Jr. Joseph Moylan Merle Pickett Earl Reber Robert Richards Kenneth Smith FRESHMEN John Annand Ferdinand Barnum Clarence J. Kasales Edward Legenza Paul Powell William Strunk Fred J. Williams PHI RHO POSES ON THE FRONT PORCH 00338334Since its inception at Temple in 1932. the Alpha Lambda Chapter of Phi Rho Sigma has made rapid progress in fraternity activities on the campus. The newly renovated fraternity house at 3232 North 16th Street is the home of fifteen members. The balance of the members maintain close contact largely through the boarding club. Neese serve a hot one to Casey. Liebler cries in his mug over Baier's joke Conrad leads the Phi Rho choristers Williams trumps one. Relaxation after the arduous schedule of the day comes after the evening meal when everyone behooves himself to retire to the game room. Darts, table tennis, bridge and the ever-amusing bull sessions arc enjoyed until the time for study. Athletically minded, the boys of Phi Rho are justly proud of their record of a clean sweep in the interfraternity softball league. Monthly parties keep the social side of our fraternity life alive but the climax is reached in the annual tri-chapter dance at a downtown hotel. An annual fraternity picnic has lately been added to the social program. Close faculty contact prevails with frequent visits by many of our faculty members, at which times phases of medicine not told in the classroom are informally discussed and many enlightening aspects of the intricacies of medical practice are gained. The portals leading into the spacious, lawn-surrounded. single, graystone house are open to incoming freshmen, as arc those of the other fraternities. Phi Rho promotes interfraternity socials on Saturday evenings to aid in building the fraternity spirit at TempleTHE BABCOCK HOnORARY SURGICHL SOCIETY The society, founded thirty-six years ago by a group of students who wished to honor Dr. Babcock, is the only student surgical society in the United States whose patron is still engaged in active practice. Dr. William Steel has been the president of the society since its inception; Dr. Emich has for many years past attended to its needs and been the fountainhead of its most enjoyable meetings. Candidates are chosen by the faculty and student members on the basis of personality, character, and scholastic standing. At the meetings, papers prepared by the student members or guests are read and discussed, and in this way a close touch is maintained with more recent trends in surgery, and other phases of medicine. Speakers from our own faculty, as well as those invited from other institutions, attend these meetings, and address the society. The gatherings conclude, as a rule with informal discussions between students and their guests over refreshments. Each year it has been the custom to have two principal gatherings, one a picnic, at which faculty and student members meet one another on an entirely informal footing; the other a banquet at which the new members are officially presented to the patron. OFFICERS W. W. Babcock, A.M., M.D., LL.D., F.A.C.S..............Honorary President W. A. Steel, B.S., M.D., F.A.C.S............................... President J. P. Emich, M.D........................................ Vice-President J. P. Emich, Jr. .................................... Student President W. M. Myers.....................................................Secretary MEMBERS SENIORS D. L. Bashline A. L. Bryan L. J. Ccnni. Jr. D. W. Clare A. J. Cross J. P. Emich. Jr. H. C. Fett. Jr. H. Flcischman W. S. Freeman L. C. Griesemcr 0. E. Grua J. H. Kolmer J. W. Lachman S. A. MacKinnon W. H. Maloney J. E. Miller G. F. Parrott J. M. Rhoads A L. Vadheim. Jr. M. D. Yoder JUNIORS T. H. Ainsworth. Jr. H. N. Baier R. M. Bucher D. J. Casey A. Colley J. N. Dill. Jr. W. T. I Tail J. D. I iallahan R. S. I limes R. E.Johns L. Krumperman M. M. Mansuy J. V. McCall. Jr. E. D. Morton W. M. Myers D. J. Ottenberg W. J. Overman D. E. Reibcr F. B. Watters L. W. Whitney SOPHOMORES R. J. Alcsbury S. M. Bisscl W. N. Campbell R. L. Craig R. Kay W. J. Kelly R. W. Mather S. Scigel H. H. Steel R. C. Swingle 200201 The triumvirate of the society: Drs. Emich Babcock and Steel.A contribution to "The Historic Pageant’’ celebrating the Fiftieth Anniversary of Temple University Hospital School of Nursing. May 7. 1943. "OUR NURSES—MAY THEY EVER GROW. BUT NEVER GROW OLD” "Backward, turn backward. Oh Time in your flight,” Make these good nurses here young for tonight; Lift from their shoulders the burdens they bear— Give back to them now their once bonnic brown hair Let the blushes of youth paint their cheeks as of yore. E’er they learned how to blush with their paint from the store! Twas thus we once knew them, e’er age crept apace. Oh Time, bring them back with but smiles on the face Tis a big undertaking, no doubt you arc right. But try it once, anyhow, just for tonight. Here’s a chance for you now. show us what you can do. These old Nightingale girls have a challenge for you! So kiss from their foreheads all furrows of care— Some contract. 1 grant you. but do not despair. For in spite of the years, with their wrinkles forsooth. You'll find ’ncath it all. the heart-throbs of youth. "What is age but a dream, and the gray hairs that gleam. But the sunbeams that linger from life's early morn— Happy hearts arc as young as the day they were born.” Then backward, turn backward, you Old Tyrant Time. Don't embarrass young nurses just reaching their prime! And even some doctors would smile with delight, If you'd back up a little for them, in your flight; We’d not ask you for much- -just a fifty or so Half a hundred's not long, as years come and go.— Have a heart, and be merciful, just to please us. And cut that remorseless big hurry and fuss! Tear down your old calendar, hide it from sight. Don't try with your figures to fill us with fright; Your scores and your decades, like birthdays, are jokes— Away with such nonsense, growing old's all a hoax! Ageing nurses? Not These! They've turned a new page, And fain would forget all the foibles of age; Just look at them there, as they laugh and grow fat— No place for despair 'mongst youngsters like that! So here’s to our NURSES, and the u or ( they have done. And here's to the SCHOOL, where that work was begun— May both School and Alumnae, as their futures unfold. Keep on in their growing. BUT NEVER GROW OLD. 202i T E ID P L E U n I V E R S I T Y HOSPITALThe meager accounts coming to us from all over the globe show us the real heroism of our army and navy nurses. No imagination can take us to some of the places they arc. Of those taken prisoners we know almost nothing. The sufferings of those on Bataan and Corrcgidor prove the value of their training to protect themselves as soldiers, and to nurse expertly through every possible war emergency. During our three years at Temple we have developed intellectually, morally and physically. Our task will be to help make America a healthy nation and keep it so. since the health of military forces in modern warfare is inseparable from that of civilian populations. Our decision as to where we will serve in this horrible conflict must soon be made. When in the future we turn back to view these years, may this, the 1943 edition of The Skull, aid in recalling the forgotten joys, friendships and experiences in our training. R. GrossBorn at Montrose, Pa., and a graduate of Howard Hospital. Miss Loftus brings to Temple a vast experience in administrative nursing. She has been operating room supervisor at Howard Hospital, and later at Columbia Hospital in Pittsburgh, Assistant Directress of Nurses at Callin-ger Hospital in Washington. D. C.. Directress of Nurses at Howard Hospital until it merged with the Graduate Hospital of Philadelphia. Directress of Nurses at Mt. Sinai Hospital for five years, following which she served as Superintendent for five years, and Directress of Nurses at the Doctors Hospital in Washington. D. C.. before coming to Temple in August. 1942. Although it is not within a mere student’s province to play “peeping Tom”—we have done a bit of snooping and have discovered, on good authority, that Miss Loftus enjoys the theatre, playing bridge and cooking. We also learn she is something of a globe trotter, having made several trips to Europe, and travelled extensively in this country. It was likewise confided that her chief interest in life is young people. This fact, however, was not news, for our relations with Miss Loftus have been friendly and direct. We have found her understanding and cooperative, always willing to lend a sympathetic ear to student problems. It is with sincere gratitude and appreciation for her ceaseless efforts to obtain improved standards in the School of Nursing and student welfare that we, the Class of 1944. dedicate this section of The Skull to Miss Loftus. Dedication FRANCES L. LOFTUS Directress of Nurses 205nDfninisTRRTion Miss Super Miss Jones 206 Miss Cunningham Miss NormanHead Nurses ■ i f r First Rou), left to right: C. O'Neal. G. Chamberlain. E. W. Hopkins. M. A. Sokalchuk. D Reinhold Second Row: T. Krezanowsky. M. Blair. R. 1 lofTman. E. Siringhaus. E. Newman, O. Heiniy. F. Georgelson. By Night Miss E. Dinkelacker Miss G. Simpkins Miss Shcnk Miss PolinkaFrom Iceland lo New Guinea . . . From India lo North Africa. Diked out in Khaki uniform. 7 hey have a duty to perform. 7 hey are not out for hearts to break But. fcllowman, for their country’s sake. Be it spring, summer or winter bleak• It’s the Army Nurse Corps of which we speak. CLASS OFFICERS President Secretary Student Council Betty Cook Ada Fisher Ann Oakes o wavy nurses Jar ana wiae To hearts of courage, deep inside Fullness of soul and aims so clear Vows to k P what they hold most dear To you who send them back to sea And fight for constant victory, We stand behind you proud and strong May we your sisters cheer you on. V ice-P resident Treasurer Student Council Gerry Jones Lois Johnson Reida GrossThe greatest satisfaction in life is to do good work. DORISANNE BENDER Berwick, Pa. Flash! Bang! Crash! We might have known it’s Berwick’s stepchild, “Reds.” as she was originally from Philly. This miss is a rare and interesting combination of beautiful red hair, brown eyes and a winning smile which gives her a personality all herown. Her chief interest, ambition, present and future, arc “Clem.” (Mis hair is red. too.) She says what she thinks and does what she pleases and you never know what to expect next it’s usually the unexpected. She's the pepper in our chili and cream in our coffee when it comes to pleasure, so we know now that nursing isn’t all work and no play. SARAH ELIZABETH BRIDGES Akron. Ohio “Sally” crossed the border in 1941 and came to learn nursing at Temple University Hospital. She is quite precise in all she does and is very systematic, which all goes to make a good nurse. She loves sardines like a duck loves water and takes many ribbings from her neighbors, but only replies with her tantalizing smile. Sally’s voice was always the loudest and loveliest at 6:30 A. M. chapel as we drowsily wondered how she did it. Her final goal, however, is to persuade her classmates to let her retire some night at 9 o’clock. Sally will probably join the Navy after graduation, so look out you gobs! 210A Round heart is the life of the flesh. DOROTHY JEAN BOULDIN Irwin. Pa. From the grassy hillsides of Irwin comes our "Jeanie” whose biggest problem is keeping her shoes as white as "Eddie’s.” With eyes as sparkling as the diamond she wears on her left hand, you never know if she is laughing at or with you. She shows loyalty to all and proves it when a confided secret never goes further. Jean loves children and proved her worth in nursery, which she loves. The crystal gazer tells us that she will probably marry a captain in Uncle Sam's Army. We know that all she has learned at Temple University Hospital has not been in vain. ANN CHIAKO Moosic, Pa. Of quiet manner and immaculate grooming "Chiako is the "efficiency plus” member of our class. In choosing Temple to further her education Moosic’s loss became our gain for here we recognize Ann as a cooperative and able worker and a true friend. In the O. R. we find Ann at the height of her glory so it’s a natural tendency that for her future work she should show a preference toward surgical assisting. Ann's secret desire is to some day attend Duke University to obtain her B.S. in nursing . . . Knowing Ann as we do. we feel certain that her dreams of today will be tomorrow’s realities. 211Determination is the battery that commands every road of life. JENNIE N. CIMBALUK Philadelphia, Pa. Jennie is one of the few members of our class who hails from "Philly” itself. Those who know Jennie best are well aware of the fact that her haughty and care-free manner serves as a thin veneer for a quiet, dignified and more or less pensive nature. Jennie’s hobbies are innumerable. Her fondness for music can only be surpassed by the interest she shows in her hospital work. Among other hobbies are reading and record collecting. As a specialty Jennie turns to foreign duty—with a preference of nursing in Russia or China and with emphasis on Russia. BETTY COOK Lock Haven, Pa. Oop! there goes "Cookie” again. I wonder if she's in trouble or if she’s just trying to achieve something for our class—being President is almost a full time job. Cookie is a blond, green-eyed lass from Lock Haven. Pa. She attended Lock Haven State Teachers’ College with the intention of being a school marm. She is the "Mr. Anthony” of the class—always willing to listen to the woes and trials of her friends. Due to her kind, generous nature, she wants to continue her education and perhaps be a Directress of Nurses (?). or maybe she likes Navy Blue. 212God looks only to the pure, not to the full hand . CHOLENA CURTISS Penn Yak. N. Y. Of noble deeds and friendly mien, there is none more gracious than Cholena. This petite minister's daughter was born in Waynesboro. Ohio. Cholena's humanism and genuine interest in the welfare of people can be appreciated in the fine work she has done, teaching a children's class in Sunday School before entering training, choosing nursing as a profession so that she can better accomplish this. “Cholly” likes good music, books and can play a “nip-and-tuck” game of tennis. She hopes to express her talent for teaching, majoring in Materia Mcdica. We are confident she will be instrumental in the training of good nurses. JULIA JANE DI VINCENZO Downingtown. Pa. “Judy” hails from Downingtown. where history was made. At Temple, we have come to know Judy as an enthusiastic student. capable and dependable nurse and loyal friend. Her capacity for enjoying life is infinite. One may depend upon her discovering the comic side of life's little tragedies. For Judy, obstetrics is to nursing as cream to coffee! -delivery room being her specialty. Music, books and swimming are among Judy's hobbies, her pet diversion— a midnight gabfest. where ready wit serves her well. She is treasurer of Student Council and business manager of the Skull. We feel Judy will outdo the forefathers—and make some history on her own. 213Some people grow under responnibility, others merely swell. MARIAN ALICE EDWARDS COALDALE. Pa. Petite, charming "Eddie” is Coaldale's contribution to Temple University Hospital. Although always a social success, behind those laughing green eyes (which are anything but cool and limpid} lies a deep sincerity and earnestness. She especially likes internal medicine but is quite capable in all fields. Eddie is very fond of music and incidentally has quite a lovely voice. Her biggest problem is gaining weight and keeping it. We have highest hopes for Eddie’s future and whether it be nursing or homemaking, we know that it will be one hilarious round of fun. LUCY FELICIANI Old Forge. Pa. Lucy was a friendly classmate with a jolly disposition at all times, also definite in her ways. Her pastime is spent in collecting poetry and quotations. "Felice.” as she was often called, made her mark in obstetrics, although she does not intend to specialize in that field as she will probably enter the Army Nurses' Corps. She takes great pride in having three brothers in the Marines and one known to us as "Joe” in the Army. Lucy seems to be quite the domestic girl—wearing a large variety of self-designed clothes. Felice has a date with Cupid in the future and here’s wishing her all the luck in the world. 214Concentrate, though your cont-tails be on fire. ADA MAE FISHER Selinsgrove. Pa. Ah! Now we come to one of the happy-go-lucky girls of our class, one who served as our secretary. Among a group of girls she is sure to be the cause of most of the merriment with her witty sayings. Ada’s hobby is reading and although studying is easy for her. it’s not Fisher’s line. No greater hospitality can be found anywhere than at Ada’s home. Of course you’ll not be counted as a guest, but as one of the family. She seems to like the obstetrical department most but will succeed in anything she attempts. Her future remains unplanned. HELEN LOUISE GROSS Shinglehouse. Pa. Unassuming and generous with a slight dash of temperamentality add up to make Helen a vital member of our class. As a favorite pastime we have a toss up between eating and writing long letters to a certain person somewhere in the Atlantic. With an interest in obstetrics and pediatrics and a fondness for home life, we predict for Helen a successful career, a happy marriage, and a cuddly little daughter whose name (after much contemplation and planning) shall be Wanda. With such a future to look forward to. who could wish for anything more? 215Patient, persistent effort is often the price of success. RE!DA JANE GROSS Narvon, Pa. Ambitious, persistent, practical and still more ambitious—these words hardly do justice to the personality who as editor-in-chief of the year book is largely responsible for its success. Although quiet and somewhat shy. Reida is the "go-getter" of our class. Rcida takes pride in being quite a philatelist. Her skill in hair-cutting has resulted in many of us sporting "Reida’s extra-special feather-cuts.” "Dutch,” coming from the farm, is a lover of outdoor life, especially horseback riding, hunting, and hiking. Reida hopes to attain a higher goal than just an "R.N.” With her enthusiasm and stick-to-it-iveness, she’ll climb the steps to success. ANNE HARRIS McAooo. Pa. “Harris” was born in Lansford, Pa., and at the age of nine moved to McAdoo where she started treading the path of gaining knowledge. Temple has found her to be quite a little "hustler” in her work. Anne likes dancing and enjoys light classical music. She seems to be attracted to obstetrics, as steel is to a magnet, and considers taking a post-graduate course in that field. You will probably find her bark worse than her bite, for beneath a gruff exterior we discover a heart of gold. 216The soul Is dyed with the color of its leisure thoughts. F. PAULINE HOMA Arnold. Pa. Did you know that ‘‘Polly’' came to Eastern Pennsylvania to escape Pittsburgh's dirt? So she thought, until "Philly” also proved to have its odds (as well as ends). Polly’s acquaintance reveals a very secure ambition to be a conscientious member of her profession. She aims to excel. Her pleasant personality, interwoven with an “air of dignity.’’ has made Polly a friend of all. Leisure time is spent in reading and swimming. Her appreciation for good literature and good music helps her entertain herself as well as broaden her philosophy of life. WANDA ALYCIA JACZYNSKI Simpson, Pa. Quiet and reserved but always dependable “now don’t fret” Wanda can always “chip’ in when the wisecracks pass around. You should watch her ears perk up at the mere mention of Simpson. She shows a lot of interest in her work and is always willing to do her part in any activity. Wanda’s hobbies include eating, playing the accor-dian and walking. As for the future, until the right man comes along, she will probably stick to her career, which with her fine personality will without fail be a success. If you have not had the opportunity of knowing Wanda, it is now time for introductions. 217You may consider that nothin in the world is more excellent than friendship. INA LOIS JOHNSON Johnstown. Pa. First a smile, then a giggle and finally a hearty laugh, that’s our "Johnny’’ from Johnstown and mighty proud of it. She’s the gal we all steer clear of the end of the month, because Lois is our treasurer and she’s at our heels for class dues. Johnny has a strange hobby she loves to sit on the porch in a rocking chair and watch the people go by. To her men do not exist, just turn on some good music and give her a good book (with a box of chocolates) and she’s set for hours of pleasure. Lois hopes to study for her B.S. at Carnegie Tech in Pittsburgh. GERALDINE ALICE JONES Mount Carmel. Pa. “Gerry” is a hard worker and we feel sure this will help pave her way to success. Her enthusiasm for nursing can be equalled only by initiative shown in taking part in extra-curricular activities. We have discovered in her a born organizer. After two semesters at Susquehanna University. Gerry came to Temple where she served as vice-president of our class. She enjoys playing the piano, and like the proverbial postman goes for a walk when off duty. At the wee-small hours you might find Gerry indulging her passion for good mystery stories. Gerry will continue with her profession and hopes to complete work for her B.S. 218Understanding is the wealth of wealth. BETTE KELLOW Fort Lauderdale. Fla. "Bette.” who came to us originally from Perry Point. Md.. turned Rebel when her family recently moved to Fort Lauderdale. Fla. She is quite noted for receiving three-fourths of all the telephone calls at 1423. Buying new dresses and wearing earrings are among her pleasures. Bette contributes a lot to her work and likes it. A “long day” is usually put to good use with an occasional trip to Aberdeen. The Navy lies in Bette's future so here’s wishing her smooth sailing. MARY LOUISE KONOLIGE Bethlehem, Pa. Just as happy as a lark and always busy as a bee. Mary Louise has actually buzzed with activity since she entered Temple. Did you know of the time we all just envied “Connie” with her thirteen sisters?? Never a dull moment—Connie indulges her many hobbies by way of entertaining herself. Photography, dancing, swimming and shooting the breeze number among these. Connie has a secret ambition, so don’t tell a soul but we ll tell you she’d really like to sing with an orchestra—so. get those vocal cords in trim. 219Patience is the art of hopinK- SARAH RUTH KOSSACK Nickleville. Pa. As the old saying goes— “all good things come in small packages”—so we have “Sue.” She hails from Somcrton, the little farming district where bags are “pokes.” whcnceforth her family is now living out in the vicinity of Oil City. Her appearance is one of quietness and bashfulness, but these characteristics fluctuate into petite-ncss, fun-loving, and a pleasing personality. Although she is not one of the Russian Kos-sacks. she loves music and is an excellent pianist. Sue loves her work and comes off duty daily with a tale of some little incident. To Sue we wish health, happiness, and luck for a successful future. HELEN KURVACK Arnold. Pa. Coming to Philadelphia in search of larger fields, we know Helen is amply rewarded. Sincerity, understanding and skill mark her work. Always chic we consult her in what the well-dressed woman wears. Quiet, reserved, poised—though beneath lurks a merry sparkle. A regular outdoor girl, swimming and tennis rate tops, but the joy of life is "the dance.” Helen’s appreciation and execution of anything from lowly jive to dreamy waltz is the envy of all. As for the future—a third finger left hand has her tattooed. 220We employ the mind to rule, the body to serve. MARGARET M. KUTNEY Lansford. Pa. After that glorious time known as ' one’s high school days.” “Margie” cametoTemple where she expanded her scholastic ability as well as her ability in art—of which we are very proud. Nothing is too difficult if you attack it in the right way as Margie always does stick your nose right in it and hang on until your goal has been obtained. Kutney just loves to read making reading quite a beneficial hobby with only good literature flavored by a dash of fiction. May your kindness, ability, and willingness speed you on and success be yours. NELLIE JANE MacELHANEY Lewistown. Pa. This quiet little lass is the bookworm of our class—that is. she likes reading novels at bedtime. She likes to make new friends and always enjoys company; however, her favorite pastime is heated discussions — with her roommates. Nellie went about her work with great determination; happy-go-lucky and ever willing to be of assistance where called upon. We will always remember Nellie resting her eyes during lectures. Throughout training she seemed most happy in the nursery, this perhaps is because Nellie's chief ambition is to have a large family of her own some day. 221A useless life is only nn early death. ANNABEL RHETA MEYERS Ridcway, Pa. Annabel our truest blonde with blue eyes! Yes, she’s nearly a platinum. At Temple she is often seen, but frequently not heard. She enjoys living in the softer tones of life. Night duty seems to be Meyers' specialty, maybe some day some hospital will have the good fortune having her as a night supervisor. Annabel has no specific hobbies, but always finds some way to entertain herself. Perhaps we could call "havin’ fun" her main hobby. Of her ambitions we know little, but whatever she does we feel sure will prove successful. R. ELEANOR NELMS New Holland, Pa. "Onie” spent her childhood days in a little quiet town in Lancaster County. (Did you ever hear of Voganville?) After four years at New Holland High School she became a pleasant cog in the "Temple wheel.” lo us she's known as "the little one" who leaves a streak as she speeds down the hallways. Even with her peculiar little trot she gets her work done rapidly and is always looking for a chance to help someone else. Her life ambition is to become an airline hostess. With her kindness, cheery personality and ambition we feel sure that Onie will be a very successful hostess of the air. 222Every noble activity makes room for itself. MARIAN NESBITT Wilkes-Barre. Pa. Wc delve deeply—we who try fathoming Marian's personality. From this deep personality evolves a multitude of activities. Poetry seems outstanding in these—spare moments finding her either writing or reading heavier literature. Life was made interesting for "Ne y” on 0. B.. but exploration finds her heart in surgical assisting. Outstanding wit and humor, coupled with brilliant conversation, win for Marian many friends. It is rumored that our Marian is quite an expert swimmer, having won a number of trophies. A mighty contribution was made to the Class of '44 when Marian transferred from Wilkes-Barre General to Temple. ANN EVERTON OAKES Maplewood. N. J. Ann first opened her eyes in the quiet little town of Maplewood. N. J. After her training here, her plans are to attend school somewhere in New York where she may obtain her B.S. degree. Because of her friendly personality and kindness toward all, "Annie” is known as a favorite among her classmates. Many hours pass by as Ann indulges in good books and cigarettes. Outdoors you can find Ann traveling with her tennis racket; tennis being her favorite among sports. On the serious side of life, however, she hopes to have a home located in the countryside of one of the New England states. 223Great actions bespeak great minds. SONIA SYLVIA ODOLESKI Hazleton, Pa. Did you ever notice that slick little affair with every hair just in its proper place? If not, we invite you to look at our “Nightingale” from Hazleton. Pa. Born and educated in the small town atmosphere. Sonia finds that she enjoys the Philadelphia breezes. Hard work and long hours do not seem to detract from her enthusiasm and pleasure of life at large. Her radiant smile helps banish all blues, both in the classroom and at the bedside. Willing to work, cooperative and always making life worth while, correlate Sonia. RHODA E. OBERHOLTZER Palmyra, Pa. Rhoda was born in the post-war period of the ” 1920’s” in Lebanon. She lived and learned in the quiet ways of her people until she went to Hershcy's Junior College. She became an excellent leader and very active in social activities and sports. Then she came to Temple. "0. B.” likes badminton, hiking and. above all. swimming. Rhoda’s present aim is to become a naval nurse, but she also has a secret aim—that is. she hopes some day to become an aviator. With her generally known smile, friendliness and other virtues, how could she fall short of her aims? Best wishes. ”0. B.” 224The Acts of this life are the destiny of the young. MILDRED T. PARTON Philadelphia, Pa. Well, if it isn't "Millie” -can’t call her one of the city gals because part of her heart still remains back in the old home town Pottsville. Always happy in a carefree way with few or no worries, that's Millie. She gets a great satisfaction out of nursing, but then Millie has interests elsewhere too. There’s nothing Parton likes to do better in her spare time than to darn socks —not saying whose socks but all joking aside it may come in handy some day at any rate we hope so. don’t wc. Millie? MARY ETHEL ROHRER Brownsville. Pa. Mary Ethel has the distinction of being one of the taller girls in our class. Her height is exceeded only by her generosity and thoughtfulness. Her many friends enjoy her keen sense of humor and appreciate her cheery disposition. High school days found her swinging a mean baton, guess what she’s swinging now??—thermometers! As a hobby Mary Ethel chooses dancing waltz or moderate swing. During her training she received greatest enjoyment in the obstetrical and surgical departments. In the future she hopes to further her knowledge in these fields, and also hopes to be caught in the grip of Uncle Sam’s Navy. 225Charity is a virtue of the heart and not of the hands. HELEN ROSS Centre Hall, Pa. Helen was born in the beautiful region of Penn State where she acquired her appreciation of nature's best. After three semesters at Penn State College, she entered Temple to further her medical knowledge. Helen’s quiet domestic ability will fulfill her secret ambition—should we say—the mistress of a beautiful home somewhere in the South? Ross loves hiking and music. Just invite her to a concert or an opera and you’ll find a very happy young lady. With her ambition, intelligence and evcr-willingness to work, she will master whatever task she undertakes. ISABEL CHAPMAN RUSSELL St. Augustine. Fla. Southern sunshine always adds a great deal to the beauty in life. She has even taught us Yankees to appreciate this and respect the South. ‘Russ’’ was born in St. Augustine. Fla. She spent her school days in the South, then decided to further her education in the northern way. At Temple she is known for her sunny disposition which blossoms both professionally and socially. Her favorite hobbies are swimming and dancing. Vacations (three weeks annually) arc spent on the shores of Florida with her family and a friend whom we all know as "Cliff." 226Character is destiny. JANET M. STICKLER Reading, Pa. Stickler glided into this old “burg" when we were all looking as green as grass. Janet is known to many as Peanut.” A ready smile, a hearty laugh best describe Janet s nature. With hardly a serious moment and a gay. care-frcc perspective Janet enjoys her work. When not working, a good book and a coke afford real pleasure for Janet! As a sports enthusiast she favors bowling and swimming. Since "Stick” lives so near home, we find she and suitcase homeward bound quite often. Janet hopes to join the Nurses’ Army Air Corps upon graduation. CHARLOTTE T. YANAVAGE Shenandoah, Pa. We've all learned to know Charlotte as an exception to the old supposition- -a redhead with a fiery temper. Patience is her greatest virtue. Her greatest source of inspiration is someone whom we all call "Uncle.” We are wondering if Dr. Zabo-rowski objects to so many nieces? Yana-vage can entertain herself in nearly anything. although playing the piano, dancing and skating rate Al. Charlotte naturally takes to surgery as a duck does to water. She probably will spend part of her future in surgical assisting. Best wishes. "Rusty." 227They can conquer who believe they can. ELEANOR G. TOLMIE Pemierton. N. J. " I olmie” comes to us as a transfer from way out in Rockford. III. She has travelled quite a lot and has attended schools from Washington. D. C.. to somewhere in Utah. However, she has turned farmerette and now lives at Pemberton. N. J- the pride and joy of the farm being the beautiful English setter. "Flika.” This witty lass has a gift for making everything seem colorful and humorous. I olmie likes real jive and has a weakness for queer stationery and rare perfumes. Aside from being quite a bowler she likes to swim and sleep. There was no mistake when she chose nursing as a profession. ANNE ZAVOSKEY Everette. Pa. To the Class of '44 comes one who is scholastically outstanding. When it comes to "book-learnin’ ” there is none better than Ann. Outwardly Ann appears quite serious, but to her friends she is very witty and always adds to the entertainment at bedtime chats. If there is anyone whose hair looks neater and is better kept than Ann’s, we don’t believe it. On duty, she maintains all the professional dignity of her uniform and will probably make a fine supervisor in the near future. 228Nothin is more simple'than greatness; Indeed, to be simple is to be great. HELEN MICHAEL ZULICK COALDALE. Pa. This conscientious nurse hails from Coal-dale. Pa. Her acquaintance reveals a heart of gold and while on or off duty her friendly smile begs your friendship. Her ambition is to write, travel abroad and then write some more. As the youngest of twelve children she has helped overthrow the idea of ’ the spoiled baby,” rather she is an individualist and with good reasoning solves her own problems. As a student. “Zulicki” has always been enticed by the operating room and hopes that some day she will be a doctor’s scrub-nurse. Our Class Advisor—Miss Lois Frank Our book would be incomplete without some mention of Miss Frank. We sincerely appreciate her guidance and encouragement throughout the time she has served as class adviser. We first made Miss Frank’s acquaintance when she was supervisor on Babcock Men’s ward. Those days are well remembered by many. Then we had the pleasure of having her supervising us by night and now we know her as assistant to the medical director. Miss Frank has helped make all our social activities successful. We shall never forget the happy moments spent with her. 229■H99I PRE- CLINICALS First Row. left to right: V. Colis. M. Tanaka. M. Mecenka. A. White. Y. Hollinger. R. Sell. T. Tompkins. C. Schroder. H. Cher. Second Roto: J. Peace. M. Spiers. D. Struve. A. Pcnsak. J. Sears. M. Drozdiak. I. Hampton. L. Menge. AM JUNIORS First Row. left to right: D. Cusatis. J. Carpenter. J. Jones. B. Paulding. R. Dodd. D. Cadden. F. Di Christopher. R. De Luca. K SchatzcJ. J. Wood. T. Hanck. E. Pctrini. L. Brown. J. Carson. D. Bcn-sing, A Raybuck. S cord Rite: M. Eckert. V. Pcrshau. F. Vitali. J. Kaftanowicz. V. Navitsky. F. Dugan, j". Bailey. C. Mackarcwicz, H. Schilling. J. Best. D. Chcslock, I. Gimmcr. L. Tavani. J. Boyle. G. Capriotti. 230First Row. left to right: I Weast. E. Purcell. L. i lacken, L. Gilger. F Hall. M. Trancek. D. Nanovic. C. Goodyear. B. Milford. M. Martinec. V. La Torre. E Van Wagner. F. Arledge. D. Walukwiecz. INTER- R. Shelly. Second Row M. Keendrat. B. O'Donnell. J Harris. B Wagner. B. Schlcssinger. M. IV tern ATre Schlegcl. D. Badur. J. Palmer. M. Patrick. D. Phillips. J. Knowles. P. Mayes. I I. Giovinclli. C. Jones. IVHLL I V 1 to v Reed. G. Smith. M. Gunzara. Third Row R Meyers. I. Drake. II. Heath, G. Solknicki. M. Zapar. R. Miller. V. Mac. I Materewiecz. J. Campbell. P Cowley. B Davis. E. Cape. S. Barstler. D. Cunningham. E. Brodi, M. Conti. E. Goodyear. G Barnes. F. Dougherty. P. Caldwell. K. Bruley. L. Van Campen. L. Wiles. R. Klatz. I. M. Kutney: 2. N. McEIhaney: 3. H. Gross-.4. L. Feliciani: 5. J. Di Vincenzo: 6. M. Parton. P. SENIORS Homa: 7. E. Nelms. R. Oberholtzer; 8. A. Zavoskey. H. Zulick. C- Yanavage; 9. D. Bouldin; 10. C. Curtiss. 231 HANDS OR CHARITYfllEDICflL TECHNOLOGISTS of 19 4 4 Introductions . . . T hcsc have been the shortest, yet the fullest two years of our lives. The experiences gained as student technicians have been both enjoyable and interesting. We graduates will retain them in our memories for many years to come. We have learned the necessity of cooperation and willingness and gained the ability to work quickly and efficiently. Since those first days characterized by utter confusion we have gradually obtained the ability and confidence descriptive of our profession. All our work was not confined to the laboratory. There were lectures to attend: bacteriology, parasitology, physiology, chemistry, and clinical pathology. We worried how and when the work would get done, and secretly hoped the counts in nursery would be taken, our phosphotase would be taken out of the oven on time, and that the charting would be done. We loved bacteriology, even though it did require a lot of study. We thought of ways to remember the Gram stain above the waist. Gram positive; below the waist. Gram negative and then learned the list of exceptions. We struggled with morphologies, antigenic structures, and lab diagnoses. Dr. Hamilton taught us in bio-chemistry that there was another "bucket brigade” besides one used to put out fires. We learned what dopa oxidase is. that spinach has too much oxalate, and "The Line Test" has to do with bone structure. We tried to comprehend Dr. Saylor’s lectures on proteins. In parasitology we worried about life cycles, learned we could have worms and not know it. and wondered how to spell Enterobius vermicularis. Dr. Konzelmann in clinical path gave us the “inside dope on much of our lab work. We felt mighty smart when we helped Miss Woodring in the Student Lab. We worked hard, but we had fun. We talked “shop” whenever we met. A get-together in the evenings always resulted in discussing the work of the day. how we had 1 10 specimens. 2 positive Kahns, or there were 16 baskets to embed mostly “on edge. We lived and breathed Technology. DR. KONZELMANN While still in undergraduate school, we were greatly impressed by Dr. Konzclmann's interest in behalf of the technicians and the course for medical laboratory technologists. During our twenty-two months here at medical school, we became convinced that the faith we placed in him was well founded. We felt very proud when we learned Dr. Konzelmann had been elected president of the American Society of C finical Pathologists. So. to our chief, we owe appreciation for our school and for the unparalleled training he has devotedly given to us. 233THE SEfl10RG Marilyn C. Bender MEDICAL TECHNOLOGISTS- Philadelphia. Pa. Temple L'mversity thinly that I shall never see. A course like Medical Technology. A course of test tubes and of racks That rattle 'til your cranium cracks. A course wherein the cells you count. Will not make your hemo' mount. Of sugars, ureas, a COj. And hundreds of tests that you must do. A course of syringes and of needles. That sting you like those Jap'nese beetles. A course wherein we all complain. But get the work done just the same. Poems are made by fools like me. Who think they know Technology. "Lee" Gambescia. Florence B. Brown Lew is town. Pa. Bucknell University Frances A. Caldaraio Elizabeth. N. J Temple University Ann M. Castelow Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Going home at last. Final instructions. Mary E. Dufner Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University W, lliam M. Fisher Atlantic City. N. J. Temple University Minnie Fried Bridgeport. Conn Temple UniversityI Licia G. Gambescia Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University LAROLYN 11. I 1INE Orson. Pn. Catawba College Temple University Challiss A. Haines Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Elizabeth M. Heck Philadelphia. Pa Temple University Poor hands? 'Til be back with this in a "Hold your foot still.” few minutes.” Nancy J. I Iirsh Elkins Park. Pa. University of Penna. Evelyn I. Jones Buffalo. N Y. Temple University Janice C. Kenney Philadelphia. Pa. I emple University Elizabeth McComb Haddonfield. N. J. Temple UniversityRosalind K. Mundek Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Susan Nubkr Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Eleanor R. Oakes Northumberland. Pa. Temple University Mildred M. Padilla Arccibo. Puerto Rico Marywood College Temple University Tuesday or Thursday afternoons Hold your breath Coking’’ at Kessals Jacqueline R. Shears Lambertvillc. N. J. Temple University Mary E. Smith Forty Fort. Pa. Temple University Dorothy Smith Haddon Heights. N. J. Temple University Helen L. Uhler Indiana. Pa. Indiana State Teachers CollegeMary E. Warren I larrisburg. Pa. l'cmplc University Sylvia Wf.iss Paulsboro. N. J. Temple University Dorothea L. Windish Thorofnre. N. J. Temple University Mary Sinclair Lakewood. N. V. I lirain College. Ohio fllEDICBL TECHH0L0GY HAS fl BRIGHT FUTURE Since my early days in the laboratory, it has seemed to me that there was a distinct place for someone whose special interest was laboratory technique and whose activities would be concerned with technical procedures alone. As the years have passed and newer methods have been devised for the early diagnosis of disease, the need for such experts has become even more evident. One cannot help admit that the early clinical signs and symptoms of some diseases are vague and not at all diagnostic; indeed, in some clinical signs are entirely lacking Medical research has established that before functional failure or grossly evident morphological changes occur, there are discoverable alterations in the chemical composition of body fluids, or as in the case of tumors, in the cell structure of organs and tissues. Consider, too. the long list of fevers with almost identical symptoms in the early days of the disease, the true etiological factor of which is demonstrable only by more or less elaborate cultural studies. In each instance the demonstration of these early changes depends upon the employment of involved chemical and physical or biologic methods Expertness in the handling of these methods can be acquired only after a thorough background has been established by the study of elementary chemistry, physics and biology. One person cannot hope to be expert in all of these and in medicine, too. so that the physician, whose specialty is clinical pathology, must choose between serving as the master technician and serving as the correlator of laboratory and clinical data. It has seemed to me that the latter is his true function, and it is in this direction that many clinical pathologists are moving today, leaving the technical problems entirely to those who by early training in the basic sciences are better prepared than he. This opens up for the medical technologist a wider field and an opportunity for specialization, for the newer developments in each one of the basic sciences are sufficiently involved to occupy all of one's thoughts. So the trend in the larger hospitals is seen, wherein departments of chemistry, bacteriology, etc., employ as heads of these departments those who have devoted special attention to either chemistry or one of the other sciences, and aspire only to expertness in the one phase. The demand for those holding the Master s or Doctor's degree in these sciences is constantly increasing. I am convinced that in the future those engaged in the specialty of medical chemistry or medical bacteriology will, after the completion of their basic studies in these fields, follow a course of training designed to prepare them especially for these subdivisions by the addition of such subjects as human anatomy, physiology and pathology. Without a thorough understanding of the human organism, and the diseases to which it is subject, a knowledge of chemistry or any other of the basic sciences is inadequate. So. I look forward to the birth of a new profession which will have had its beginnings in medical technology. 237 Frank W. Konzelmann.1. Chalk one up for Miss Rotman. 2. “I hope I'm not allergic to chocolate.” 3. Free acid, no histamine. 4. "Looks like a positive sugar from here." URIIMYSIS, GflSTRO-EflTEROLOGY M ALLERGY While in Urinalysis for two months, we learned a variety of tests—P. S. P.’s, B. M. R.’s, E. S. R.’s, and P.'s. We encountered endless rows of bottles and bottomless piles of charting. We shook far more than the patient at our first venipuncture . . . and said afterwards. “It wasn't so bad.’’ Remember how at 4:43 we wished the only test we ran on specimens was the “sink” test? And how we hoped the 0. B.’s (our best customers) didn’t have positive sugars? “Keep It Down.” applied to both patient and technician in Castries Lab. After we first learned to “pass that tube.” we felt like veterans, until we encountered a “plus four” retching and invariably with these cases— no free acid—use histamine. Ugh, one hour more. We learned titrations and microscopies. Imagine our surprise when Miss Masalsky said our meat fibers were nothing but scratches on the slide and our predominance of red cells—air bubbles. In Allergy we made vaccines from vacuum cleaner dust, skin tested with the idea that everyone must be allergic to something, and “popped” a seemingly endless pile of syringes. We nursed blisters for days after we made up buffered saline, and remember how we hated to give up chocolate, potatoes, and coffee when we acted as the “guinea pigs” for passive transfer tests.PATHOLOGY, HISTOLOGY, MID BIO-CHEffllSTRY As freshmen in Chemistry we washed dishes and when we finished one pile there was always another pile. During our junior month we dealt with sweeter things like sugars, ureas, and COj’s—Ah! mercury in the machine, girls—not on the floor. Carriage and clinic were part of our work—a vein?—we were lucky if we found one. Remember how as seniors we groaned when the choles-terols and esters came in? And how we tried to make N 12 sulfuric from concentrated ? It was in Pathology that we learned how to prepare autopsy tissues for embedding and cutting and later staining and mounting for microscopic work. How bewildered we were when we first watched Miss Brenz cutting at the microtome! We couldn't imagine ourselves ever being able to cut ribbons, but practice certainly did work wonders. No one will ever forget boiling and drying those countless slides or the mad dash Thursday afternoons to the fifth floor for the conference case. We ran the "surgicals” through in Histology. We held our breath as we changed the Jackson tissues and mumbled as we tried to get the "button’’ out in one piece. And remember cutting our first surgical—a humble appendix ? I I think that the paraffins had better be filtered " 2. Path techs smile for us. 3. The Van Slyke doesn't usually draw so many smiles. 4. Everything is under control in the chcm lab. 2391. Getting ready to set up in serology. 2. Aureus or albus? 3. The humidity is terrific. 4. Spaghetti. Mrs. Haas? SEROLOGV, BACTERIOLOGY, ROD PARASITOLOGY One of our favorite labs was Serology. Kolmer-Wasser-manns and other complement-fixation tests. Kahns. Maz-zini’s. spinal fluid serologies, and titrations form the nucleus of the course. We never thought we would assimilate what and how much goes into which tube and why. We played nursemaid to a 36-dcgree water bath, and pampered guinea pigs after we bled them from the heart. Mrs. Lynch, in the monthly round-table quizzes, cleared up our jumbled thoughts in preparation for Dr. Kolmer's oral. Remember the nine-o’clockers asking immediately if the sheep cells were clear, and how we disregarded the patient in our joy to have a plus-four report. Bacteriology was our final lab of our course as student technicians. Our first month was a constant search (usually fruitless) for acid-fast bacilli. In the media kitchen during our second month, we worked as chefs for our bacteria friends. As juniors we were in charge of vaccines and frequented the library in search of material for our paper. Our last month was so-called "worry” month—did we have Salmonella enteritidis or Salmonella acrtrycke. In Parasitology we found that the female worms (technically speaking Helminths) were far larger than the males. We struggled with pronunciations and spellings and were glad when we had Balantidium coli—Oh. they were so obvious.1. Eight-inch tubing, the observation tube, then the long piece. 2. Donor compatible. 3. ”1 II get those two counts in Babcock.” 4. Get busy! There are counts to be done. HEIMOLOGY, TYPING, ODD BLOOD BOOB We started many a morning in Hematology sleepily groping around unlit halls at 7 A. M. awaking patients with. "Good morning. I’m going to stick your finger.’ This started a regular routine of taking counts, counting them, getting an occasional hematocrit, "retie.” or malarial smear, and going for more counts. The freshmen seemed to be everywhere—taking "coags.” reading "hemos,” staining slides, charting, and washing a never-ending supply of pipettes. A “suburb” of hematology, typing, was the lab where we learned that A and B could mean far more than just the first two letters of the alphabet. "Donor compatible, blood ready.” was our favorite telephone phrase. We also were in the basal business, pushing the Sanborn-elephant or Jones-deluxe to patients' rooms for dummy tests or the actual B. M. R. During the month spent in Blood Bank, we were certain of two things the importance of sterile technic (ah. pyogens) and the loss of weight in cheating death crossing Broad Street innumerable times each day. Here, we assisted the lab intern as he drained blood from any willing donor. Each time the centrifuge was started we muttered silent prayers. "May those bottles be wfell balanced. Amen.” We ll never forget pooling and how amazed we were that the red cells didn’t sneak into the plasma bottle for Miss Benton. 241RALPH CLARKE BRADLEY. M.D.. Captain, Army Medical Corps Born in May. 1898, Dr. Bradley graduated from Colby College in 1925. and from the Medical College of the University of Pennsylvania in 1929. He served for twelve years at Temple as instructor in pharmacology; was also flight surgeon for the Pennsylvania National Guard for nine years. He died April 28. 1943, at the Tilton General Hospital. Fort Dix. N. J., at forty-four years of age. His death was a great shock to all the students who worked under him. and from him acquired a fresh and wholehearted devotion to the subject of medicine. 3(n Jflemortatn HAROLD LYNN EOTTOMLEY. M.D. Dr. Bottomley. although a native of Philadelphia, being born here September 16, 1896. was raised in Virginia. He graduated from Roanoke High School. May 27. 1914. and after completing two years at Medico-Chi graduated in medicine from the Medical School of Temple University, in 1919. He interned and was chief resident at the Samaritan Hospital until 1921. He was a member of the gynecological staff at Temple under both Dr. Hammond and Dr. Montgomery. He is survived by his wife and their two children. His death in August. 1943, brought much sorrow to his many friends here at Temple, both on the faculty and among the student body. 242THE SKULL FEATURES and HDVERTISEfUEflTS 243And It Stuck! A New Method of Skirt Grafting Developed by Machteld E. Sano, M.D. Dr. Sano's research in pathology requires much paper work. This exclamation is still ringing through the halls of Temple University Hospital as Dr. Sano’s research in the perfection of a physiological glue for skin grafts results in the performance of feats of skin grafting that have never before been successful. Dr. Machteld E. Sano. while working desperately with Dr. Steel in an attempt to successfully suture skin grafts, became very much disgusted with the continued tug-of-war that was ensuing with Sano on one side and the stubborn graft on the other. “Why not just glue them on?” she exclaimed. But what to use for glue was the prompt query. Dr. Sano didn’t let it rest there, she was determined to stick them on. Out of this evolved her coagulum-contact method, which consists of a substance dubbed by Dr. Babcock as “physiological glue.” made from the patient s own blood which, by a few simple steps, is separated into the two essential substances in the process, one of which is plasma, the other a cell extract obtained from the buffy coat or the erythcocytes plus the buffy coat and is called “leucocytic cream.” In using this glue for grafting, the unwashed sterile graft is moistened on the under surface with the cell extract and with another brush the plasma is painted on the recipient area. The graft is then fitted on and edges carefully adjusted with forceps and any air expelled from underneath the graft. Adherence occurs in a few minutes equalling the speed of Best-test cement that all the students used in pharmacology. A single strip of boric acid gauze is then placed lightly over the graft. No other dressings arc needed, no sutures and yet it sticks. For best cosmetic results, the graft is Case No. I (Courtesy of Dr. W. E. Burnett.) The tip of the nose was bitten by a dog. This is the graft three weeks after application. 244Case No. 8 (Courtesy of Dr. C. P. Giambalvo.) Forty-eight hours following a thin split-skin graft. This patient was able to leave the hospital seventeen days later. made slightly larger than the recipient area and the edges trimmed to fit exactly. Within forty-eight hours the graft becomes purplish and there is sufficient circulation to take care of any serous fluids which might accumulate underneath. Sections of animal grafts show the small capillaries that rapidly grow up into the graft arc filled with healthy erythrocytes. Over 100 square inches of skin had been grafted at the time of Dr. Sano’s report and less than one square inch had been lost. Dr. E.. Burnett first accepted this method for practical trial and the first five cases in Dr. Sano's series belong to him. The first case was that of a five-year-old white boy (No. I) who had the tip of his nose bitten off by a non-rabid dog. He was treated with sulfathiazole ointment and grafted with a thick split skin graft which turned purple in about 48 hours. This boy went home as good as new without a dressing three days later. Another interesting case was that of a colored male (No. 8). 48 years of age. who severely burned his right leg in alkali. Forty square inches of thin and thick split skin grafts were used. Three days later showed suppuration around graft which on culture showed mixed staph hemolytic aureus, hemo- k A follow-up of Case No. 8 showed this result six weeks after the first graft was applied. lytic streptococcus type A. and streptococcus albus. There wets no tissue loss with use of sulfathiazole spray. This method has numerous advantages, among which are the fact that no sutures are needed: the glue is an ideal medium for cell growth and stimulates cell growth as well as preventing excess exudation. The exact method of preparation is exceedingly simple and is presented here in as brief a fashion as possible: 1. Into a 10 cc. syringe containing I milligram of heparin dissolved in 1.0 cc. of Ty-rode's solution (buffered salt solutionl. 5 cc. of the patient’s or homologous blood are drawn. 2. Blood then centrifuged and plasma transferred to a small 3 cc. test tube. 3. 1.5 cc. Tyrode’s solution added to remaining red cells and buffy coat or to buffy coat alone if it is convenient to separate it from the red cells. 4. This cell mixture is agitated with glass beads. This is then decanted off and the "leucocytic cream” is ready for use. unless buffy coat has not previously been separated from red cells, in which case the mixture must be centrifuged and the supernatant fluid removed to another sterile tube. 245 eiuat i ARE indeed happy and proud I that you are about to become fellow alumni. The opportunity to serve your Medical School and University is afforded through membership in your Alumni Association. A life membership is now available in the Medical Alumni Association on the payment of ten dollars. We cordially invite you to join. THE mEDICAl RLUfTini RSSOCIflTIOn OF TER1PLE UniVERSITY 246DO YOU REALLY KNOW HOW IMPORTANT AN EXECUTOR IS? YOUR EXECUTOR will be the key to prompt, efficient and economical distribution of your estate. Your choice may mean the difference between anxiety and peace of mind for your family. Your executor will have many important responsibilities. Every one is important. Every one requires experience. Your choice is more than a matter of loyalty to a friend or relative — it is a matter of deep concern to your heirs. In view of these facts we suggest that you look into our qualifications to serve as your Executor. NORTH PHILADELPHIA TRUST CO. BROAD ST. AND GERMANTOWN AVE. ABOVE ERIE AVE. PHILADELPHIA MEMBER OF FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION "PIERRE UNIFORMS” Manufacturers and Designers of 0 QUALITY INTERNE SUITS POLLY MADISON ICE CREAMLM 224-226 South Eleventh Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. • ARMY, NAVY AND MARINE Aristocrat OFFICERS' UNIFORMS ICE CREAM AND EQUIPMENT • • DARLENE ICECREAM You are entitled to the best.. . Insist on Pierre's to be sure to get it. • Every Garment Guaranteed Phila. Dairy Products Co. to Give Complete Satisfaction. 4th and Poplar Streets 247BROflCHOLOGY HE CHEVALIER JRCKSOn CLIMC The art of endoscopy is almost as ancient as the interest that medical men the world over have had in the mysteries of the interior of the body and its cavities. We remember the story of the ancient medic who. sighting through his crude tube into the bladder for stones, exclaimed. “Urethra, 1 have found it!” Instruments have been devised for looking into many of the body's openings such as the cystoscope for visualization of the bladder and the anoscopc and proctoscope for diagnosing lesions of the anus and rectum. All of these instruments are based on the principle of objective examination and were collectively called scopes from the Greek, scopein, meaning to view. Out of this series of internal investigations arose a long-felt need to view the interior of the human food and air passages and hence the development of the bronchoscope and the esophagoscope. “Into my Sunday throat" or "down the wrong way" has frequently been ascribed to the choking and strangling caused by foreign particles entering the larynx which seemingly put the victim very near death. Thus developed a fear of entering with tubes regions which were so sensitive and seemingly so dangerous. This fear of killing the patient was one reason for the delay in the development of bronchoscopy and it was not until 1897 after the work of several pioneers in the field had shown that medicaments and tubes could be safely introduced through the larynx into the windpipe that this fear was overcome. Kirstein in 1897 described tracheoscopy as well as his now well-known direct laryngoscopy. For the latter he used at first a tubular spatula with good results but it remained for Killian in 1897 to make the greatest steps in endoscopy when he removed a foreign body from a bronchus and demonstrated the feasibility of upper bronchoscopy. Later he developed lower bronchoscopy. Esophagoscopy moved a little more rapidly and actually started in 1807 with Bozini who examined the upper end of the esophagus and was further developed by Einhorn in 1902 who devised an esophagoscope having an auxiliary tube in the wall of the main tube through which a wire passed for distal lighting. Chevalier Jackson in 1904 combined the lighting principle of the Einhorn esophagoscope with the tube of Killian, and in 1905 he designed a scope with a drainage tube as well. Since that time Dr. Jackson has designed newer and better scopes for his carefully acquired art. It was in 1917 that there was established the "Association of American Peroral Endoscopists" but the task of forcing the tongue through such gyrations in its pronunciation led four years later to the more euphonic “The American Bronchoscopic Society.” Dr. Jack-son. however, believed that he and his colleagues were more than just a society interested in looking through the mouth and that the society justified a change in name to include not only viewing but the complete study of that which they saw. Thus in 1938, Dr. Jackson delivered an address to the society which led to the evolution of the American Broncho-Esophagologic Society. Wc now know this change was justified as not only is bronchoscopy done for viewing and the removal of foreign objects but over 90 per cent of it is done for the diagnosis and therapy of disease. Dr. Jackson's work in the field of broncho-esophagology has perhaps done more to shed light upon the darkness and mystery that has always shrouded the interior of the thorax than that of any other individual. The many new instruments devised by Dr. Jackson, such as his numerous types of grasping forceps and specula, and his many revisions of ancient equipment, such as his method of distal illumination with its innumerable advantages over the earlier headlamp and headmirror method. 248have made the Temple University Hospital Clinic one of the most up-to-date and certainly the most progressive and best operated broncho-esophagologic clinic in the country. His work in perfecting the technical aspect of broncho-esophagology is only one of Dr. Jackson's many achievements. How many young children did we formerly see whose throats had been burned and scarred by the caustic action of lye which had carelessly been left within their reach by thoughtless parents. It was through Dr. Jackson’s tireless efforts that the number of these innocent victims has been materially reduced. His doggedness and courage in attempting to put a stop to these accidents brought about the passage of the Federal Caustic Act by Congress and signed by President Coolidge on the 2nd of March. 1927, providing on every can of lye or other caustic that goes into a home today, in large letters the warning POISON! and the effective antidote. The Chevalier Jackson Bronchoscopic Clinic of Temple University Hospital was established in 1930 when a chair of bronchoscopy was created at this institution and it is here that Dr. Jackson and his son. Chevalier Lawrence Jackson, arc working exclusively. The clinic constitutes a very compact unit, occupying the entire third floor of one wing of the hospital. When a new patient comes in. a careful history is taken by a thoroughly trained secretary. He is then seen in one of the preliminary nose and throat examining rooms by a member of the clinic staff. Teamwork is the keyword on clinic days as frequently there is a list of twenty or thirty patients, all of which must be seen. The extreme care with which each patient is handled in the clinic cannot be over-emphasized. Each case is individual and although the procedures used depend on past experience with just such a case, individual factors are not lost sight of. The importance of knowledge of previous cases is shown by the careful clinic records that are kept of each patient entirely independent of the hospital records and which are at the fingertips of the operator. Likewise every foreign object removed from a patient is preserved and catalogued with numbers corresponding to the patient's chart. Hundreds of coins, stones, beads, pins and other objects are thus kept in carefully prepared trays for the convenience of the staff. Through this collection. the Jacksons have found that all objects no matter how similar have individual characteristics. Each pin has a little different bend in the wire from its neighbor, a little different point, a little different catch, a little more or less tension in the wire used. All this sounds needless but an example will offer an explanation: Little Jackie swallows a safety pin and is brought into the clinic by an anxious and frightened mother. On examination the X-ray shows the pin to be of medium size, a little odd shaped, and lodged in the mucous membrane at the corina of the trachea, showing that the pin had been insufflated. This pin is then checked with the catalogued collection and a copy pin is selected: the case is then looked up and studied. Frequently it means going through several cases before a like case is found but when one is found, it is studied to determine if the presenting case can be handled in a similar manner. If an unusual problem presents itself, the copy pin is inserted first in a rubber tube which simulates the human passage and after careful study of the necessary maneuvers for removal, it is so inserted in the cadaver and again removed, f inally a living anesthetized dog is used and the foreign body again inserted and dislodged by the instruments until the technic is mastered. By then the operator is ready for the patient. 1 he practice removals arc. of course, dependent on the acuteness of the surgical emergency. The painstaking efforts of the operator to master the removal of the object from other subjects, prior to the actual operation on the patient, results in a more skillfully executed procedure with less trauma and less post-operative dangers. In Dr. Chevalier Jackson’s earlier teaching days his accurate colorful chalk sketches enlivened the lectures and enlightened his eager students. He has always been quite an artist and his sketches w’ill live in the memory’ of his friends and associates. Perhaps the most well-known chalk sketch is the one illustrating the perforation of an esophageal diverticulum in the blind passage of a bougie, thinking it to be entering a constricted portion of the esophagus, rather than (actually) the neck of the diverticulum. This illustration is only one of his many 249Success to the Class of '45 Your selection as Officers exemplifies the value of specialized training. Reed's too have been "in training"—for 119 years, outfitting U. S. Officers with GOOD UNIFORMS continuously since 1824. We've GOT to be RIGHT. Reed’s are official distributors of Naval Uniforms at Navy established low prices. Reed's are also authorized retailers for Army Officers’ Uniforms at low Army Exchange prices. UNIFORM DEPARTMENT -THIRD FLOOR REAR fjaooh (leeSi 1424-1426 CHESTNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA Full line of Regulation Shoes for Army and Navy Officers, $7.95-512.95—First Floor Rear warnings to students that the blind passage of instruments is only courting disaster. Dr. Jackson’s teaching ability in his subject of broncho-csophagology is unexcelled and equalled only by that of his son. Dr. C. L. Jackson. The work carried on in this institution by father and son is truly "anatomy and pathology through a tube”, but more, it is the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that heretofore had led to permanent disability and death. CHAS. MANGOLD Manufacturer of ORTHOPAEDIC APPARATUS Abdominal Supporters. Elastic Hosiery, Artificial Limbs, Trusses and Suspensories 151 NORTH FIFTEENTH STREET Bell Phone. Spruce 2338 Philadelphia PROFESSIONAL LAUNDRY --- . ■ —. - ■ UREG. We are capable of Supplying the Meticulous Laundry Service Required by . . Nurses - Interns - Students - Technicians Entire Garments Ironed by Hand 3407 NORTH 13th STREET RAD. 8835 PHILADELPHIA M. J. KELLY CO. MEATS and FOOD PRODUCTS Since 1874 ♦ 24 S. DELAWARE AVENUE WALnut 3712 PHILADELPHIA. PA. 250The Home of DRUCO-OPTUS DRUG PRODUCTS The Standard of Quality and Value Sold by 1500 Registered Pharmacists Who Display This Seal PHILADELPHIA WHOLESALE DRUG COMPANY PHILADELPHIA 251AT EASE! Between classes, on week-ends and during brief vacations the seniors found time to play. 1. The class party—Lenore catches as Peg swings. 2. Same party—Dot and Fount sit in. Bill and Ginny sit out and John quips. 3 and 4. Dick and "Sabc" on Florida beaches. 5. The wildest dance ever—"Who threw the water?" 6. 7 and 8. The 1-F dance. 9. We spent hours on the train to Phoenixville, then rode the buses to the Army Hospital. 10 and 11. The local pub at Phoenixville. 12. Waiting for the 4 o'clock class. 13. Frequent foursome—Joe. Peg. Lach and John. 14. Carol and Al. 15. Drummy in the Susquehanna. 2521. We missed Allen Pang this year. 2. Leon "enjoys'' a clinic. 3. An epitome of the 4 o'clock medical conference at P. C. H. 4. I lam on rye at Steve's. 3. Cafeteria bridge club. 6. Out for a breather. 7. Looking for a fourth at Somerton. 8. Same place—When do we eat? 9 "Yodc" and Red are good beachcombers evidently, 10. Faludi's nursery school. 11. A1 and Dutch have fun. 12 Blanche and Lenore —knee deep. 253For added wear— BON TON HOSIERY White and Dress Hosiery and Lingerie 3538 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia. Pa. MASTER SHOE REPAIR 1421 Wostmoroland Street Specialist in Orthopedic Shoes Beil. WAL. 1468-69 Kevstone, Race 9609 W. E. RYAN ‘ “Down Home Farms" DOWN HOVE BUTTE 1, E 5GS, N ) FOULTRY Reading Terminal Market Miss Rogan Philadelphia WILLIAM A. WEAVER Hospital and Institution Equipment 6742 LAWNTON AVENUE (Oak Lane) PHILADELPHIA, PA. Phone: WAVerly 6139 HAVE COTrtlOHT » 3I by INS. CO. O NORTH AMERICA Insurance Company of NORTH AMERICA Philadelphia • founded 1792 METROPOLITAN DEPARTMENT PUBLIC LEDGER BUILDING 6th and Chestnut Streets Philadelphia THE NORTH AMERICA AND ITS AFFILIATED COMPANIES WRITE NEARLY EVERY TYPE OF INSURANCE EXCEPT LIFE Compliments of HOSPITAL CLOTHING CO. UNIFORMS FOR NURSES STUDENTS — GRADUATES 1107 Walnut Street Philadelphia, Pa. Phone: PENnypacksr 8576 DAN’S BARBER SHOP Prompt and Sanitary Service 1508 W. Venango Street Philadelphia, Pa. JOHN S. BERKELBACH Established 1904 FUNERAL DIRECTOR 3730 Germantown Avenue Philadelphia at Broad Street _ DAVE wishes you all Success 254SAG. 1552 W. R. KEYS J. H. MYERS CO. 3627 N. Broad Street In the Arcade Appraisements for Estates on Diamonds, Jewelry, etc. YERKES CO. Insurance Drexel Building—Philadelphia Protect your Educational Investment by purchasing the necessary insurance to cover unknown hazards. • Professional and Personal Liability • Fire Insurance Office and Residence • Theft Insurance Office and Residence • Automobile—All Coverages • Income at your retiring age • Income and Medical Expense from Personal Accidents 255In buying WILLIAMS’ INTERN SUITS for a Civilian or a Naval Internship you're assured THE BEST in QUALITY and SERVICE Send today for Samples and Prices C. D. WILLIAMS COMPANY Designers and Manufacturers since 1876 246 South Eleventh Street Philadelphia, Pa. Bell Phone: PEN. 1580 Compliments of ORTHOPAEDIC SHOE SHOP REAL ESTATE TRUST BUILDING (S. E. Cor. Broad Chestnut Sts.) PHILADELPHIA. PA. SUITE 627-635 KINgsley 0288 WOLTERS BRITTINGHAM The Complete Men's Shop 3709 Germantown Avenue, Philadelphia (Next to North Philadelphia Trust Co.) ARROW SHIRTS BOTANY TIES INTERWOVEN SOX NUNNBUSH SHOES DEVONSHIRE CLOTHES MALLORY HATS Compliments of BELL BELTZ LABORATORIES COMPLIMENTS OF Clinical Chemists and Bacteriologists A FRIEND S. W. COR. BROAD AND ONTARIO STREETS RADcliff 4584 PHILADELPHIA, PA. TEMPLE FLORAL SHOP Corsages and Cut Flowers a Specialty 3508 N. Broad St. Rad. 3645 SAVE THE KNEE Davies Metal Limb Made Complete in One Day C. H. DAVIES CO. 1136 Girard Avenue STEvenson 6246Uniform . . . Dependable . . . Profitable . . . For more than 50 years the Armour Laboratories have manufactured medical and surgical products of animal origin. The Armour Label is your assurance of uniformity, dependability, and prescription profits. The ARMOUR LABORATORIES Armour and Company Chicago, Illinois TOMORROW’S POLICY . A BRAND NEW ALL-INCLUSIVE PERSONAL LIABILITY POLICY TODAY A SINGLE CONTRACT for Bodily Injury (public and employee) Property Damage Medical Payments A SINGLE LIMIT for Bodily Injury and Property Damage Liability Employers Liability (irrespectiveof number injured) A SPECIFIC LIMIT for Medical Payments (not limited to residence accidents) Covers "occurrences"—not just "accidents" Covers anywhere in the world! Many exclusions formerly included, now eliminated Write for particulars and sample policy GENERAL ACCIDENT FIRE AND LIFE ASSURANCE CORPORATION General Buildings - Philadelphia. Pa. WALT Welcomes You to the COLLEGE INN for a • Tasty Breakfast • Our Chef's Delicious "Noon Special'' • Full Course Evening Meals • A "Coke" or a Bite Between Classes See Walt—He's Always Willing to Oblige The Recreation Center Between and After Classes DOWNSTAIRS-CORNER BROAD ONTARIO Phone: SAGamore 9979 257MRS. J. H. CLAUS t=-3lcivets Germantown Avenue and Tioga Street SAG. 5526 PHILADELPHIA UPTOWN CAMERA SPORT SHOP Photographic and Athletic Supplies 3617 Germantown Avenue (One-half Block below Erie Ave.) For Better Quality and Courteous Service EPPLEY’S PHARMACY Cor. W. Westmoreland and 15th Streets CANDIES That Taste Better Because They’re Made Better Jflarguetanb’S THREE CONVENIENT STORES 914 Chestnut Street 3630 N. Broad Street 3633 Germantown Avenue DEDICATED TO THE HEALTH AND HAPPINESS OF YOUR FEET! Your feet deserve most careful consideration. Entrust them to Freeman’s where shoes are fitted—not merely sold; where your Doctor's prescription is filled by an expert Freeman shoe fitter; where the most modern health shoes are both scientific and smart looking. "No Foot Too Difficult To Fit" Special discount to Doctors and Nurses RADcliff 2985 THE FREEMAN co Correct Footwear The Original FREEMAN 3628 GERMANTOWN AVE. (In the Arcade) Philadelphia, Penna. KITCHEN UTENSILS VICTOR V. CLAD CO. Food Service Equipment China—Glass—Silverware 117-119-121 South 11thStreet. Philadelphia. Pa. ERIE GRILL Erie at Broad Excellent Food in a Good Atmosphere LEON’S BARBER SHOP Best in Tioga 1637 W. Venango Street For the best in Men's Wear M. WALTER GROSS 3643 Germantown Avenue Philadelphia, Pa. Stetscn Interwoven Arrow Hats Socks Shirts 258Restaurant -3545-NORTH BROAD STREET 259★ A Complimentary Wish for The United Nations Victory and Your Con inued Success in a Pe eful Future ★ Remember the Good Times You Had in . . . THE CAFETERIA TEMPLE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE 260TRADITION The strict codes of manufacturing excellence and ethical promotion which characterize Wyeth policy have been dictated by a deeply-rooted sense of responsibility to the art of medicine. They yield the secret of continuous and reliable service during eighty-two years. These self-imposed standards have even a greater significance than merely to supply reason for endurance and the successful fulfillment of past obligations . . . they are the necessary stabilizing influences in the progressive program of today, dedicated as it is to scientific research and therapeutic advance. They represent experience and dependability. They are the traditions of Wyeth. flAn o' u .flue..Manufacturers of Surgical and Orthopedic Appliances ARTIFICIAL LIMBS ♦ ♦ HANS W. CHRISTOPH, Inc. 1927-33 DELANCEY STREET N. E. Cor. 20th Delancey Streets PHONE: RITtenhouse 6225-6226 Philadelphia, Pa. EVERYTHING FOR THE MILITARY OFFICER IN STOCK I Headquarters for Military Caps Tailors to Gentlemen Since 1890 1337 CHESTNUT STREET COLLEGE SHOWROOMS: 3653 WOODLAND AVENUE ELECTRIC POWER CONSTRUCTION CO. Electrical Engineers and Contractors ★ 3852-58 Pulaski Avenue, Philadelphia 262WILLIAMS, BROWN EARLE INCORPORATED Scientific Equipment and Supplies • MICROSCOPES • DIAGNOSTIC INSTRUMENTS • BLOOD PRESSURE APPARATUS • HAEMACYTOMETERS • HAEMOMETERS • STETHOSCOPES 918 CHESTNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA Compliments of DAVE ESTHER'S LUNCHEONETTE Delicious Sandwiches 1522 W. Ontario Street. Philadelphia. Pa. LE ROY LOWE Radios, Records, Technical Books Television, Recording, Communication and Scientific Electronic Equipment Park 1442 -Rad. 3322 3319 N. Broad Street JENKINS ELEVATOR AND MACHINE COMPANY, INC. Representative—Shepard Elevator Company Installation—Maintenance—Repairs Parts—Jenkins Interlocks 443 N. 13th Street Philadelphia, Penna. Oxygen Ethylene Nitrous Oxide Carbon Dioxide Hydrogen Helium Medicinal Oxygen Co. Oxygen Tent Rental Service 1614 Summer Street. Philadelphia. Pa. Rit. 0497 JOHN A. CONNOLLY ARROW VAN HEUSEN SHIRTS INTERWOVEN SOCKS—STETSON HATS 3445 Germantown Avenue. Philadelphia. Pa. THE HAMILTON MEN’S SHOP 3630 Germantown Avenue. Philadelphia, Pa. BERNARD'S PHARMACY 15th and Tioga Streets Established Since 1854 D. KLEIN BROS. Incorporated Tailors of Uniforms for Every Use 715-17-19 Arch Street Philadelphia. Pa. Famous Reading Anthracite SMITH and BOYD Lehigh Avenue and Jasper Street Bell: REGent 6700-6701 Keystone: East 8315 Heated Garage Gas Heat TIOGA LODGE NEWLY FURNISHED ROOMS SAGamore 9752 3450 N. Broad Street GEORGE GREEN TAILOR. CLEANER. DYER 1515 W. Tioga Street 263KEESAL'S PHARMACY Registered Pharmacist Always in Attendance STUDENT SUPPLIES (Everything the Student Needs) SKULL PEN AND GIFT SHOP A Full Li ne of Fountain Pens When You Equip Your Office Let Us Supply Your DESK SET We Repair Fountain Pens Checks Cashed for Students Next to Medical School 3434-3436 No. Broad Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. Phones: 264 PHARMACY: RAD. 9955 GIFT SHOP: RAD. 9809Frank L. Lagan Gee. H. McConnell PHILADELPHIA SURGICAL INSTRUMENT CO. Distributers HAMILTON WOOD AND STEEL TREATMENT ROOM FURNITURE CASTLE STERILIZERS RIT. 3613 1717 Sansom Street Best Wishes from the Manufacturers of • BENZEDRINE INHALER • BENZEDRINE SULFATE TABLETS • PENTNUCLEOTIDE • Accepted by the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry of the American Medical Association. Smith, Kline French Laboratories PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA Established 1841 2651 No, those alone will not result in a yearbook—it's how they are arranged that makes the true picture of student life. Layout—an original and attractive layout—is the foundation for any outstanding annual. New ideas, improvements in yearbook design and engraving procedure, absolute BUDGET CONTROL, quality engravings—all of these are important features in a successful publication. They aren't to be found everywhere BUT you are sure of getting them when you choose as your engraver and designer . . . THE BASIL L. SMITH SYSTEM Specialists in yearbook engravings and layouts 1016 Cherry Street Philadelphia 7, Penna.UNESSi TY'ODNSISTs' DOING SOME; IreatdeedwiTh hTLE'MEANS CONWELL TEMPLE UNIVERSITY PHILADELPHIA is proud to carry on the tradition of service established by its Founder, whose life purpose was to make an education possible for all young men and women who have good minds and a will to work. 267For extracurricular activities try: MCDONALD’S CAFE Cor. Germantown and Erie Avenues EXCELLENT FOODS and REFRESHMENTS! A. H. KROEKEL BRO. PRINTERS and STATIONERS Fine Printing for Even A red 505 Vine Street Philadelphia, Pa. HENRY SAUR CO., INC. Manufacturers of Orthopaedic and Surgical Appliances 515 N. 8th STREET MARket 3400 Philadelphia, Pa. LOU GILBERT TUXEDO -- CUTAWAY FULL DRESS SUITS TO HIRE 3222 GERMANTOWN AVENUE RAD. 3818____Opposite Carman Theatre Social Stationery Telephone Circulating Library RADcliff 3469 BOOK LOVERS’ RETREAT YOUR BOOK SHOP 3621 N. Broad Street Edna W. Hodges Philadelphia. Pa THE SKULL STAFF Editor........................Don I.. Ba.siii.ine Business Manager l.FRED S. FraNTZ Associate Editor Sterling A. MacKinnon Advertising Manager Morris L. YodBr. Jk. Circulation Manager Class Editor................John R. Caldwell Literary Editor .GaYLORO B. Pa REIN SON Feature Editor IIarle B. Grovek Art Editor . . John B. Sabol LITERARY STAFF Tracy E. Barber Robert W . Nicholson Jerome N. Griffith Kent F. W estlcy Alexander C. Hering George F. Reich wein BUSINESS STAFF Charles R. Shuman IIarle B. Grover Roscoe E. Dean. Jr. John P. Einicli. Jr. Richard R. Gove, Jr. W illiam K. Goodspeed PHOTOGRAPHY STAFF Heinz K. Faludi Donald G. Stitt l,eon W. Dierolf Seniors’ Names and Addresses Edward Thomas Auer 3416 W. Penn St.. Philadelphia. Pa. Tracy Ezra Barber, Jr. 434 Bridge St.. Crookston. Minn. William Wallace Barkley, Jr. 106 E. Orange St.. Shippensburg. Pa. Ray Hunter Barton, Jr. 29 Kensington Apts.. Salt Lake City. Utah Donald LeRoy Bashline 220 W. Pine St.. Grove City. Pa. Phyllis Beers MacDonald Little Rock. S. C. Clayton Leo Behrens Hermosa. S. D. Bernard Anthony Leo Bellew 3343 N. 13th St.. Philadelphia. Pa. William Josiah Brensinger 563 Ridge St., Emmaus. Pa. Allen Lindley Bryan 187 Lincoln Ave..NewLondon.Conn. Joseph Francis Burke 2710 N. Front St.. Philadelphia. Pa. John Rankin Caldwell 244 E. Penn St.. Bedford. Pa. Louis Joseph Cenni, Jr. Brandy Camp. Pa. Raid Chappell Dickinson. N. D. David Winfield Clare 320 S. 2nd St.. Apollo. Pa Margaret Louise Corson Uughcsville. Pa. John Stewart Cowdcry 45 Perry St.. New York. N. Y. Albert James Cross 1725 Wyoming Avc.. Scranton. Pa 268Max Fackrell Day Bountiful. Utah Roscoc Elmer Dean. Jr. Wessington Springs. S. D. George Albert Deitrick, Jr. 242 Arch St.. Sunbury. Pa. Angeles Diaz Manati. Puerto Rico Leon William Dierolf, Jr. 120 Peeke Avc., Kirkwood. Mo. Harry Richard Draper, Jr. Box 188. Rainclle. W. Va. John Joseph Driscoll, Jr. 3718 N. Broad St.. Philadelphia. Pa. John Franklin Drumheller R. F. D. No. 3. Sunbury. Pa. Henry Joseph Dudnick 581 I Spruce St.. Philadelphia. Pa. John Philip Emich, Jr. 1231 W. Allegheny Avc.. Phila.. Pa. Heinz Karl Faludi 328 W. Duval St.. Philadelphia. Pa. Herbert Charles Fett, Jr. 321 I_akeview Ave.. E. Brightwaters. Long Island. N. Y. Henry Fleischman 418 E. 70th St.. New York. N. Y. Alfred Strayer Frantz 220 Roscmore Ave., Glenside. Pa. William Shourds Freeman, Jr. 116N. 4th Avc.. Highland Park. N. J. Morris Jack Frumin 4533 Frankford Ave., Phila.. Pa. Adam Edward Gamon, II 167 Harrison Ave., Montclair. N. J. John Daniel Gaydos !228 Second Ave.. Berwick. Pa. F. Clay Gibson 629 Walnut St.. Latrobe. Pa. James Elder Gleichert 914 Third Ave.. Altoona. Pa. William Kennedy Goodspccd 910 Belvidere Ave.. Plainfield. N. J. Joseph Gordon 1035 W. Wyoming Ave.. Phila.. Pa. Richard Raymond Gove, Jr. 8351 Roberts Rd.. Elkins Park. Pa. Valerie Hadden Green 407 New Broadway. Brooklawn. N. J. Laurence Crane Griesemer 515 Locust St.. Roselle. N. J. Newell Jerome Griffith 96 Bella Vista St.. Tuckahoc. N. Y. George Raymond Grimes 3217 Washington Drive. W. Palm Beach. Fla. Harle Burton Grover 2306 S. Eads St.. Arlington. Va. Oscar Ernest Grua, II 1746 Herbert Ave.. Salt Lake City. Utah Benjamin Clark Gwinn 62 Sherwood St.. Mansfield. Pa. Jack Herod Hall 3327 N. 16th St.. Phila.. Pa. Thomas Taketo Harada 1252 Palolo Ave., I lonolulu, Hawaii William Pershing Hauser 204 2nd Ave., W.. Dickinson, N. D. Alexander Chandlee Hering Lawrence Farms South. Mt. Kisco. N. Y. Ralph Hogshead, Jr. Montgomery. W. Va. Bernard Mearns Hutchinson Sutton. W. Va. Philip Musser Irey, Jr. 1321 Spruce St., Philadelphia. Pa. Bernard Richard Jackson 50th and City Line. Bala. Pa. Helen Elizabeth Jones 703 Sunset Ave.. Asbury Park. N. J. George Francis Kamen 29 Brookside Ave.. Caldwell. N. J. John Herron Kolmer I Montgomery Ave.. Cynwyd. Pa. John Walter Lachman 1000 Allston Rd.. Brookline. Pa. Mathew Rubie Lapin 127 Perry St.. Trenton. N. J. Charles Andrew Laubach. Jr. 603 Mulberry St.. Berwick. Pa. John Young Leiscr R. D. 3, Lewisburg. Pa. Charles Lee Leonard Beverly. W. Va. Mary Eleanor Longo 1505 S. Broad St.. Philadelphia. Pa. Sterling Alexander MacKinnon 21 I Grayling Ave.. Narberth. Pa. Walter Hugh Maloney 895 1 2 Market St.. Meadville. Pa. Bernard Margolis 5102 Diamond St., Philadelphia. Pa Estelle E. Mclman 1525 N. 8th St.. Philadelphia. Pa. Charles George Henry Menges 1816 W. Philadelphia St.. York. Pa. Peggy Mcschtcr Fisher 4405 Westfield Ave.. Camden. N. J. Herbert Lcverc Miller 18 E. Main St.. Hummelstown, Pa. James Edward Miller 708 Chestnut Ave.. Barnesboro, Pa William Galbreath Milliron Monaca. Pa. Melvin Wayne Modisher 952 Morgan St.. Meadville. Pa. Blanche M. Mount Freehold Rd.. Hightstown. N. J. Robert William Nicholson 516 Spring Ave.. Ellwood City. Pa. Karl Allen Osborn 1 15 N. 6th St.. Stroudsburg. Pa. Gaylord Benton Parkinson, Jr. 3226 Lucinda St.. San Diego. Calif. George Fountain Parrott 901 N. College St.. Kinston. N. C. George Alexander Race 448 Howe Ave.. New York. N. Y. Fenn Tompkins Ralph Corinth. N. Y. Charles Kirby Rath, Jr. 746 Salem Ave.. Elizabeth. N. J. George Francis Reichwein Ashland. Pa. Warren L. Reinoehl 3rd and Lamro Sts.. Winner. S. D. John McFarlane Rhoads 738 E. Phil-Ellena St.. Phila.. Pa Lenore Richards Bingham Canyon. Utah Robert Robbins 509 13th Ave.. Belmar. N. J. LaMar Rogers Ogden. Utah Charles Henry Rushmore 108 Spring St., Clark's Green. Pa. Edward Taylor Ruud I I 18 Reeves Dr.. Grand Forks. N. D. John Benedict Sabol 105 Ridge St.. Freeland. Pa. Milton Sarshik 6400 Lincoln Drive. Phila.. Pa. Steven Sawchuk 518 W. Berks St.. Philadelphia. Pa. Donald LeRoy Scheller Gettysburg. S. D. Charles Ross Shuman 50 E. Broadway. Gettysburg. Pa. Bernard Israel Siman 20 E. Lancaster Ave.. Ardmore. Pa. Edward Michael Sivick 1607 Letchworth Road. Camp Hill. Pa. Marion Snyder Brown 2513 E. Monmouth St.. Phila., Pa Richard Vinson Snyder Route 3. Box 284. Seattle. Wash. William Nelson Spear 610 1st Ave.. W., Dickinson. N. D Robert Stafford Spencer Fort Worth. Texas Donald Colder Stitt 214 Jackson Ave., Bradford. Pa. Leo Stanley Szakalun 329 S. 3rd St.. Colwyn. Pa. Harry Glenn Thompson 538 W. Glenoven Ave.. Youngstown. Ohio Parley Dale Thompson R. D. No. 1. Box 554. Sandy. Utah Harry Edwin Trapp. Jr. 26 Fair St.. Laconia. N. 11. Charles William Umlauf 301 S. Hoffman Blvd., Ashland. Pa John Carlson Uric 832 Childs Ave.. Drexel Hill. Pa. Oliver Sherman Uthus 91 I First Ave.. S.. Fargo. N. D. Albert Lewis Vadheim, Jr. Box 161. Tyler. Minn. Thomas Edison Wagner, Jr. 1932 Bellevue Rd., Harrisburg. Pa. Ruth Esther Weber 11935 N. E. 5th Avc.. Miami. Fla. Joseph Henry Weigel 1001 Washington Ave.. Monaca. Pa. Woodrow Wilson Wendling R. F. D. No. I. Wescosville. Lehigh Co.. Pa. Kent Forbes Westley Cooperstown. N. D. Robert Arthur Winstanley 150 Vaughn St.. Johnstown. Pa. George Griffin Wyche, Jr. 310 N. Wright St.. Alice. Texas Morris Leroy Yoder, Jr. 19S. Llanwellyn Ave..Glenolden. Pa. 269WESTBROOK w HEN our imprint appears ou a magazine or hook, you may feel sure the editors have had at their disposal every feature of service which nearly 35 years of specialization have shown to be most desirable. Westbrook Publishing (Jo. 5800 NORTH MERVINE STREET Philadelphia, Pennsylvania OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS to the SKULL OF DECEMBER 1943 ir SARONY STUDIOS 1206 CHESTNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA 270PATRONS DR. ROBERT L. JOHNSON .........President DR. MILLARD E. GLADFELTER.Vice-President DR. WILLIAM N. PARKINSON... ........Dean DR. ERNEST E. AEGERTER DR. J. MARSH ALESBURY DR. NINA ANDERSON DR. G. MASON ASTLEY DR. M. ROYDEN ASTLEY DR. W. WAYNE BABCOCK DR. HARRY E. BACON DR. ALLEN G. BECKLEY DR. CLAYTON BEECHAM DR. JOHN V. BLADY DR. CHARLES S. BROWN DR. W. EMORY BURNETT DR. EDWARD W. CHAMBERLAIN DR. J. NORMAN COOMBS DR. DOMENICO CUCINOTTA DR. JOSEPH C. DOANE DR. HARRY A. DUNCAN DR. THOMAS M. DURANT DR. JOHN P. EMICH DR. MATTHEW S. ERSNER DR. FREDERICK A. FISKE DR. ISADORE FORMAN DR. HERBERT FREED DR. EDWIN S. GAULT DR. GIACCHINO P. GIAMBALVO DR. GLENN G. GIBSON DR. JOSEPH GROSSMAN DR. JACQUES GUEQUIERRE DR. HUGH HAYFORD DR. LEWIS KARL HOBERMAN DR. JOHN FRANKLIN HUBER DR. CHEVALIER JACKSON SUBS DR. JESSE O. ARNOLD DR. JOHN B. BARTRAM DR. A. J. COHEN DR. RAYMOND W. CUNNINGHAM DR. REUBEN DAVIS DR. D. J. DONNELLY DR. O. SPURGEON ENGLISH DR. GEORGE E. FARRAR DR. EDWIN J. FELLOWS DR. HOWARD G. FRETZ DR. REUBEN FRIEDMAN DR. SAMUEL GOLDBERG DR. JAMES KAY DR. NORMAN KENDALL DR. JOHN A. KOLMER DR. FRANK W. KONZELMANN DR. JOHN LANSBURY DR. JOHN LEEDOM DR. WALTER I. LILLIE DR. R. D. MacKINNON DR. LOWRAIN McCREA DR. THADDEUS L. MONTGOMERY DR. JOHN ROYAL MOORE DR. WALDO C. NELSON DR. AUGUSTIN R. PEALE DR. GERALD H. J. PEARSON DR. WILLIAM C. PRITCHARD DR. JAMES P. QUINDLEN DR. BURECH RACHLIS DR. CHESTER REYNOLDS DR. ROBERT F. RIDPATH DR. VICTOR ROBINSON DR. GEORGE P. ROSEMOND DR. HENRY C. SCHNEIDER DR. MICHAEL SCOTT DR. LAWRENCE W. SMITH DR. LOUIS SOLOFF DR. WILLIAM A. STEELE DR. WILLIAM A. SWALM DR. LOUIS TUFT DR. JOSEPH B. WOLFFE DR. CARROLL S. WRIGHT DR. BARTON R. YOUNG DR. FRANCIS L. ZABOROWSKI CRIB6RS DR. J. GARRETT HICKEY DR. CHEVALIER L. JACKSON DR. MORTON J. OPPENHEIMER DR. HUGO ROESLER DR. JOHN B. ROXBY. SR. DR. MELVIN A. SAYLOR DR. PAUL SLOANE DR. EARLE H. SPALDING DR. EDWARD WEISS DR. MICHAEL G. WOHL DR. P. D. WOODBRIDGE 271And Now . . . we have come to the end of a book. It has been designed to record a medical student's life from the time he begins to take notes in his first class until the day when he attains the culmination of twenty years of study . . his diploma as a Doctor of Medicine. It has been made possible not only by the seniors who directly contributed writings but, also, by every medical student who in his daily life adds to the art his abilities and inspires professors as well as classmates by an insatiable thirst for knowledge, truth and the understanding that comes with both. It appears more and more that this graduating class will bear the brunt of many of this war’s campaigns which are yet to be fought. But whatever may be the outcome for us individually, we will have the satisfaction of knowing that our years of preparation, the financial sacrifices of our parents and of many of us personally have been made to fulfill a basic need of all men everywhere . . . the relief from pain, the return to health following disease, the repair of disfigured faces and limbs and, most of all. the comfort to a wondering soul. May we never forget that we shall be always students of medicine. 272HARE RtcKy 2ABBiE3?ec.


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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1940 Edition, Page 1

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1941 Edition, Page 1

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1944 Edition, Page 1

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