Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA)

 - Class of 1942

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1942 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 320 of the 1942 volume:

 THE 19 4 2 SKULL Gilbert H. Diehl David S. Marshall John J. DeStefono David P. Osborne Editor -in- Chief Art Editor Editor of Photography Business ManagerPublished by The Senior Class Temple University School of Medicine Philadelphia, PennsylvaniaFOREWORD There is o short pause in our lives that we will remember as our medical school years. During this pause we will have collected many moments of pleasures, trials, tribulations, inspirations, and pleasant associations—things to be remembered. Yet, quite often memories of such things seem to become dim or to obscure themselves in a haze of forgetfulness. It is then that a sound of a voice, a picture, or a printed word may bring them flooding back with a mellowed brightness. But we are living in an unusual time, war time. Many of the voices may be forever stilled, but it is our hope that the pictures and words, informally recorded here, will at some time bring many pleasant hours of happy recollection. Dr. Charles Leonard Brown, B.A., M.D., F.A.C.P. Professor of Medicine and Head of the Department of Medicine In admiration for the pre-eminent position he has attained in medicine, in appreciation of his work and ability as a teacher, and in esteem of his genuine, unselfish, and sincere good will os a physician, gentleman, ond friend, the Class of 1942 respectfully dedicates this book. On April 27, 1899, Dr, Brown was born in the small town of Metropolis. Illinois. His father. William Andrew Brown, is a descendant of the North Irelanders and his mother, Martha Wallace Brown, is o( Scotch-lrish ancestry. It was in this town along the banks of the Ohio River that Dr. Brown spent his early boyhood and began his early education. At the age of ten his family moved to Geary. Oklahoma, where he continued his grammar school education soon after his -fifteenth birth-moved to Monrovia. California. After residing here for a few months, they took up their residency at Selma. California, in the San Joaquin Valley. The Brown family then returned to Geory, Oklahoma, where Dr. Brown finished his high school eeducation soon after his -fifteenth birthday. Before entering college he attended the Capitol City Business College in Guthrie, Oklahoma, to learn shorthand and typing. For a long time before entering college, Dr. Brown had decided to make the practice of medicine his life work. With this goal in mind he began his premedical work in the fall of 191 5 at the University of Oklahoma and has since given his entire time and effort to the study, practice, and teaching of medicine. After two years of premedical work he entered the School of Medicine at the University of Oklahoma to begin his distinguished accomplishment of becoming one of the youngest professors of medicine in the United States. After his first year in medical school he became an assistant in the department of anatomy. After his second year he became o' resident pathologist at St. Anthony's Hospital in Oklahoma City, where he completed his final two years of medical school. It was in 1919 that he joined the Alpha Lambda Chapter of the Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity and it was during this year that he received his Bachelor of Science degree. After getting his M.D. degree in 1921, Dr. Brown began to practice medicine as an assistant in the office of Arthur W. White in Oklahoma City. In February of 1922 he received his appointment os a house officer in medicine at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston. From the time he left Oklahoma City until his arrival in Philadelphia, his rapid advancement in the field of medicine is a fitting record of Dr. Brown’s energy and capabilities. After serving the sixteen months os house officer at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital, he became resident pathologist at the Children's Hospital in Boston from 1923 to 1924, Instructor in Pathology at Harvard from 1923 to 1925, Resident in Pathology at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital from 1924 to 1925, Resident Physician in Medicine at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital from 1925 to 1927, Teaching Fellow at Harvard from 1925 to 1927. and Junior Associate in Medicine at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital from 1927 to 1928. In addition, while in Boston, he practiced as office assistant to Dr. Henry Christian in 1927 and 1928. In July of 1928, Dr. Brown was appointed Assistant Professor of Medicine in the Department of Medicine of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. After serving one year in this capacity, he was appointed Associate Professor of Medicine at the University of Michigan and retained that position until he came to Temple Medical School as Professor of Medicine and head of the Department of Medicine in 1935. In addition to his work at Temple he is Chief of the Division of Medicine at Philadelphia General Hospital. While still in Boston, Dr. Brown married Ruth McAllister Jamieson on June 9. 1928, in Lowell, Massachusetts. Two of Dr. and Mrs. Brown's chief interests in life are their daughters, Janet Jamieson and Martha Ann, ages eleven and eight years resoectively.Dr. Brown's interests outside the field of medicine ore definitely limited because of the extreme amount of time he spends on medical activities. He is an amateur movie photographer and likes to travel when ever possible. His favorite means of relaxation is to sit at home with a cigar and book. The Class of 1942 is justly proud of having the opportunity of studying under this distinguished physician. Memberships in Scientific Societies: 1. Fellow of the American College of Physicians 2. American Society of Clinical Investigation 3. Central Society for Clinical Research 4. American Association for Advancement of Science 5. American Gastro Enterological Association 6. American Therapeutic Society 7. American Medical Association 8. Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania 9. Philadelphia County Medical Society 10. Massachusetts State Medical Society (nonresident member) I I. College of Physicians of Philadelphia 12. Physiological Society of Philadelphia 13. Sydenham Medical Coterie 14. Revision Committee of the United States Pharmacopeia XI and XII 15. Chairmanship of United States Pharmacopeia XII—Hormone Advisory Board 16. Board of Governors of the Philadelphia Heart Association 17. Board of Directors of the Philadelphia County Medical Society 18. Member of the House Delegate of the Medical Society of the State of Pennsylvania 19. Loennec Society of Philadelphia 20. Medical Club of Philadelphia One of Dr. Brown' chief interest in lifo is hi family. Janet Jamieson, Mr . Brown, Dr. Brown, and Martha Ann in Dr. Brown's study. After coming home, many hour are ipcnt writing and read-his favorite subject—medicine. Dr. Brown presides at the weekly medicine conferences. Dr. Brown in a moment of relaxation with daughter Janet.WJe pause lo listen w U . AN OLD GRAD REMINISCES by Dr. Granville A. Lawrence What could be more tiresome than the musing of an old man? These are war times, however, and orders ore orders. Your correspondent was ordered to put it down: but you don't have to read it. The Medical School was started by Dr. Con-well os a part of his original idea of providing an education for those who had to earn it. On this basis a night school was started for those who worked by day and could study at night. The courses covered five years—nine and a half months each year, six nights a week from seven until ten p.m. The original physical equipment was not much to be proud of. The dissecting room was located in the old stable that stood in back of the hospital. It was equipped with four pine tables. The bodies were preserved in a pickle vat by the State Anatomical Board until ready for distribution. They were then sent to the school. Our old friend, Emil, was there with his embalming and injecting fluid to prepare the bodies. Dr. John Byers Roxby with his personal help to explain how this blood vessel advances steadily forward, downward, outward, inward, around this and over that to its distribution in the periphery. His reverence and respect for the piles of human flesh and debris—lifeless and stinking—gave us an insight to the warmth within the soul of a physician. No disrespect to our subject was tolerated. I can never forget his talk to us, when as green freshmen, we first entered this room: "This is all that remains of a house, in which dwelt a soul, perhaps someone's mother or father. Certainly a son or daughter of some loving parents. If we could know the history of this life, what tales of sorrow, joy, remorse and happiness could be related. Fate kind to some, but more cruel to these, brought them here." Thus were lessons taught, not only of practical anatomy but something which goes into the making of a Physician in its larger sense. Our laboratories were equipped at first largely by the teachers. The school owned one microscope which was available to the students. Dr. Bateman, who taught histology, brought his own and one or two others were loaned for the night. Also, he brought the sections ready cut which we stained, mounted and examined—each man taking his turn at the scope. The classes were small so that instruction was more on an individual basis. Much of the time was taken up in question and answer style. Lessons were assigned and a quiz conducted at the next meeting. The teachers asked the questions and more often than not gave the answers—not from desire but from necessity. Thus, we can see that quiz programs are not new. Somehow, we finally learned what they were after. This fact. I believe, is verified by the results before the State Dr. Gronville A, Lawrence. Sr., rebates mony iolo obout the first gonorotion of Tomplo Medical studonfs. while Granville A. lowronce. Jr„ compares them with his oxporionces of today. Board. There was not a single failure up to and including my class. I do not know when the first failure was recorded. One of my own classmates received the highest mork in the Blockley examinations that year and another was fifth or sixth on the list of over one hundred applicants from many medical schools. Embryology was taught by Dr. Arnold, who was as good a teacher then as he is today. Our own Dr. Robin taught pathology, bacteriology and hygiene. Try and picture one man. with no assistants, teaching all this with limited laboratory facilities! Materia Medica was expounded by Dr. Mer-vyn Ross Taylor with his story of feeding the ten little guinea pigs on Tr. Nux. Vom. instead of vitamins. Chemistry was under Dr. Affix, who could always emphasize the point he was making with an appropriate story. Physiology and Dr. Slifer seemed to fit each other like ham and eggs, corned beef and cabbage or the pork and beans on which he and his wife lived and thrived as an experiment in dietetics, sans calories. Dr. Steel soon appeared, with his pizzacato laugh, an arm full of bandages, minor surgical tools and well-systemized notes. As we progressed to the practical subjects in the upper classes, we began to realize the importance of the fundamentals. It was in the third year that we learned the merits of the correlated system of teaching, which incidentally was originated by Dr. I. Newton Snively, our first Dean. Diseases of the chest, the gastro-intestinal tract, the nervous and circulatory system and so on through the entire realm of disease were each discussed from the standpoint of the various department at the same time.Improvements had been made each year. The Philadelphia Dental College was acquired and became a part of Temple College. Some of our work v as then transferred to the Dental Buildings. Later the college become a university. The Samaritan Hospital was enlarged and some new classrooms were added. Then came word that the State Board of Medical Examiners would no longer recognize the Night School after those already entered had graduated. The Day School was organized with new teachers in some departments. Some of the Night students shifted over to the Day School but for most of us this was financially impossible. It was either finish at night or not at all, so we finished as we started—with the owls. We v ere critical and disappointed at the passing of the Night School. One's vision is limited when standing on the level in midst of the crowd but from the height of the mountain the perspective changes. We had received the best obtainable at that time, a big improvement over the original methods of obtaining a medical education. See "THE COUNTRY DOCTOR" for details. When we consider the various steps in the development of our School up to what we have today, who can fail to honor those who have taken their responsibilities seriously and acted accordingly? Dr. Babcock, with his inexhaustible energy, his restrained laugh and clear logic, taught us surgery. Dr. Samuel Wolf, from the Pennsylvania Dutch country, mixed his medicine with the accent. Dr. Wilmer Krusen and Dr. Frank Hammond. the Damon and Pythias with gynecology, and Dr. J. C. Applegate, who insisted on Edgar's Obstetrics as a text book, talked about the ladies. There were many others who also contributed their time and talents helping to perpetuate the Oath of Hippocrates. Lack of space prevents us from mentioning them all. The student body was on earnest group. Each had a definite ambition and many were the difficulties which had to be solved. All were employed during the day earning a living and some supporting a family. In those days a ten-hour day and sixty-hour week was the rule for the working man. Some had easy jobs in an office where fifty-five hours usually constituted a week's work. Then three hours of class each night, six nights a week, followed with study after 10:00 p.m. and on trolley cars and at times over the meal table. Four and a half to five hours was the average for sleep. This was the average student's schedule. Preserve these musings of the Old Grad of thirty-five years ago. Take a careful inventory of what you enjoy today and then look back over it in another thirty-five years and wonder how those old timers of 1942 were ever able to make out with such primitive equipment and limited or false views of the subject of health and disease. Physiological chemistry will have solved many of our most stubborn problems of today—perhaps malignant growths, hypertension and cardiac diseases. My chin is out in plain view but why should I worry? Thirty-five years from now who will be so unkind as to dig up my old decoying mandible to take a punch at it? .............and Aoy after reviewing the Jemplc VY}edica( Schoo N ij.edtenj.eary we he jin the iforij of Jentpde YJdJedicad School in 1942 lj predentinj............DR. WILLIAM N. PARKINSON. Dean and Professor of Clinical Surgery B.S.. M.D., M.Sc. (Med.), P.A.C.S., LL.D.On September 17, 1941, another freshman class, the supposed CIcss of 1946, began their careers as freshmen medical students. For a majority it would be a vision come true. For some, however, it would develop into a confused scheme of complexity too great to cope with. For, as Dr. Harvey Cushing once said, "the study of medicine requires a good head, a good heart, skillful hands, one who is possessed of a spirit o' service, and one who is not afraid to work." The courses covered during the freshman modern medianyeor lay the foundation upon which the lifelong study of medicine is built. There are many hours of didactic work covered in the classroom and many more spent in the laboratory. These would undoubtedly be long, wearisome hours if it were not for the unfor-getable personalities and the spirit they create making this first year at Temple a memorable one. We. therefore, begin the story of the four classes at Temple Medical School by recording in words and pictures the personalities and actions of the first year. noiu acaiurinFIRST SEMESTER. IS HISTOLOGY AND EMBRYOLOGY Histology and embryology makes up one of the major studies of the first semester. Under the guidance of Professor Pritchard and Dr. Chase, the student finds himself in a highly organized department and is soon correlating the development of the human body with its final microscopic structure. In addition to the lectures, many hours each week are spent in the laboratory preparing slides, studying the slides under the microscope, making countless drawings, studying the embryos of man and the lower animals, and sitting in the projection room being quizzed by "Pritch." ANATOMY Anatomy, under the guidance of keen, quick witted Professor Roxby, demands a greater part of the effort of the first year medical student. In the first semester many conferences are held by Professor Roxby and Dr. Huber. Here, a comprehensive and systematic study of the human body is correlated with the work in the dissection room. The hours spent in the anatomical laboratory are considered the golden hours of anatomy and the constant attendance of the staff greatly facilitates and encourages this work. TOPOGRAPHIC AND VISCERAL ANATOMY Topographic and visceral anatomy is the study of surface anatomy and of the relationship of structures in transverse and sagittal sections. The principal part of the laboratory work consists in drawing life size pictures of cross sections of the human body. In addition the surface anatomy is mapped on fellow students. Dr William C. Pritchard, in the first feme iter loyS the foundation in histology. vi»-coral anatomy, ond embry ology. Room 510. lomous for long hours of mitfoscoping and drawing. Dr. Pntchord gives onother "pointer" to the freshmen. Dr Chase drops a helpful hint obovt those endless embryology drawings.RADIOLOGY Radiology lectures presented by Professor Chamberlain and his X-ray department, further amplifies the course in anatomy. The subjects studied are the fundamentals of X-ray physics, the biological effect of X-ray, and a systematic presentation of "Anatomy as Revealed by the Roentgen Ray." HUMAN ANATOMY A Diagnostic Major By Professor John B. Roxby, M. D. Professor of Anatomy and Histology A Freshman Medical Student, scanning the far horizon of the "art of medicine," must needs foreshorten his vision to a close inspection of first things first." No subject that is a "first" intrigues him more than a study of the human body. During his academic years, he has acquired a fair proficiency as to laboratory methods in physics, chemistry, and biology. In the latter, he has done more or less comprehensive work in comparative anatomy. He has had little, if any, contact with the human body as a revealing study. He is wondering what human dissection will uncover for him, in the domain of diagnostic help. Professor John 8. Ro«by proves human anatomy to be "o diagnostic measure." McCiosley and Wunder care fully dissect skin flaps. Dr. Huber gives unceosingly of his time and effort in the class room ond the dissecting room. Dr. Pritchard gives a friendly word of advice in the visceral anatomy laboratory.Or. Chomberlom lecture to the frethmen on onotomy o revealed by the Roentgen roy. Or. Henney give .’he fundomen. tol of X-roy phyiic . After all, ninety-nine per cent, plus, wish to become painstaking diagnosticians. Is it not a truism, that, granted o reasonably accurate diagnosis, the "art of healing" takes on form and substance? We can, therefore, lay down this principle, his most vital knowledge for the purpose, is a sound concept of the form and function of the human economy. Entering the anatomical laboratory, he is assigned to study a succession of "ports" of the body. In each instance the skin is ottacked first. Ere it is cut. why not examine the integument of a like part of his colleague? Compare the living with the cadaver. Is any area possessed of an increased number of hair follicles, sebaceous, or sweat glands? Why? Is there reason to suppose that superficial veins, nerves carrying tactile, pain, or temperature sense, are of especial significance? To elicit an answer, chapter after chapter of text must be searched. So, the habit of cross reference is begun. Close observation is initiated. Proceeding, the deep fascia is cut. Fascial plones are exposed. Delaminations, forming muscle sheaths and vascular investures appear. The functional implications of such an arrangement ore mode plain. The muscles themselves, with consequent manipulation of joints and bones are understood. The related vascular and lymph systems are pictured. The impulse factors, nerve distribution, become an essential reality. Cavities are opened, viscera portrayed and critically examined. Their capabilities in relation to the processes of life itself are made clear. Concurrent studies of bio-chemistry and physiology become morphologic co-ordinates. And all the while, microscopic examination of tissues rounds out a synchronized concept of the whole body. The living human becomes personalized. Basic intelligence is established. Truth makes one free. Science is truth. Finally, to moke more sure of ingrained anatomic knowledge, educated hands are a "must." Visualization is imperative, but tactile education is necessary to formulate the permanent mental record. Out of such foregoing methods, the Doctor of Medicine of tomorrow is created. Dr. Hamilton eiperimenl in hi pri vote laboratory. Or. Shroder get reody for the "unknown ." r Saylor pend» much time m the jborotory helping and oiiCuismg.CHEMISTRY Chemistry, under the careful supervision of Professor Melvin H. Saylor, is another of the fundamental courses which forms a background for the full understanding of the mechanism of disease. The lectures of the first semester are given by Drs. Saylor. Hamilton, and Speigel Adolph. These are designed to teach physiological phenomena and their relation to functional activity. This is followed by a course covering the fundamentals of physiological chemistry. This course covers the chemistry of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, the tissue secretions and excretions, including the intermediate and final products of metabolism. In oddition to the obove lectures Dr. Spiegel Adolph gives a series of lectures on colloidal chemistry. These lectures lay special emphasis on the colloidal chemistry of proteins and lipoids with special ref-ference to biology. These were interspersed with practical demonstrations on methods of doing colloidal golds, creating sols and gels. The laboratory work of the first semester includes volumetric analysis, chemistry of food stuffs, enzymes, digestive juices, blood, and hemolysis. The course while conclusive emphasizes the practical application to modern medicine. HISTORY OF MEDICINE The history of medicine course, presented by Dr. Victor Robinson on Wednesday afternoons of the first semester, proves to be one of the interesting high lights of the first semester. What graduote of Temple Medical School can forget Dr. Robinson's stories and pictures of medicine through the ages? From the time he begins with "the first cry of pain through the primitive jungle," the developing panorama of medicine is revealed to the freshman student in a most interesting manner. PSYCHIATRY Psychiatry at Temple Medical is under the capable supervision of Professor O. Spurgeon English. The freshman begins the subject, which is continued through his four years, with an introductory course dealing with the development of personality. The interaction of the human being with his instinctual drives and moulding forces of his environment at various life periods is fully covered by Dr. Brody. A discussion of the interrelationships between feeding and emotional development, bowel and bladder training and emotional development, the relations between child and parents, and the effect of severe physical illness on psychological development, was carefully covered. Thus it became apparent that "the adequately trained physician of today must know something of mental as well as physical functions of the organism in order to properly diagnose and treat his patient." Dr. Robinson rcvcoli that "medicine it a notural art, conceived in sympathy and born of necettity.'' Dr. Morrii Brody lecfuret to the freshmen on the development of the personality. the freshmen complete their first semester and pass on to- e 6econ J aemc tcr to 3 fit cli OtO'O fcoxb'f o « Vo« » anatomy Anotomy in the second semester is o continuation of the lectures from the first semester on general anatomy. This is again correlated by the ■work in the dissecting laboratory. Dr. Huber lectures on the extremities and face, carefully covering the muscles, bones, veins, arteries, nerves, ond fascia of each part. This work is supplemented by oral carted written quizzes and by the never to be forgotten spot examinations. In these exams practically every cadaver in the room has some particular artery, vein, nerve, bone, or organ tagged so that the student has to identify the part or answer a question about the part in a limited amoun-t of time. In April. Professor R ox by returns to review the important practical highlights of the course and the student realizes again that his professor of anatomy is not only a practical anatomist taut on outstanding physician os well. VISCERAL AMD COMPARATIVE ANATOMY Visceral and comparative anatomy «s also continued during the second semester fc y Dr. Pritchard. The work is carried on mostly in the laboratory witH a continuation of the study of cross sections and visceral systems of the body. The second semester takes up the gastrointestinal tract, liver, pancreas, kidneys gen.to-ur. nary systems. and extremities. Every Thursday Dr. Pntchard conducts his {emous oral qu.rz. Th.s covers the fields of general, visceral, and neuro-anatomy and ,s long fa be remembered os the inimitable Patch gives out His characteristic next man.NEURO-ANATOMY AND NEURO-HISTOLOGY Neuro-anatomy becomes one of the freshman's most important and yet one of his most perplexing subjects of his second semester. However, it is hard to imagine how complex the subject could really be if it were not for Dr. Pritchard's endless striving to ease the complexity of learning neuro-anatomy. For in this course the correlation of the embryology, histology, and anatomy of the central nervous system which Dr. Pritchard attains is all important. In the laboratory the student dissects the cord and brain, examines serial sections of the cord and brain under the microscope, and reviews the embryology of the nervous system. Drawings by the student again play an important role in teaching the course. CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGY The didactic work in chemistry in the second semester deals with the morbid conditions affecting the character of the gastric juice, blood, and urine. Basal and abnormal metabolism are studied and respiratory metabolism and regulation of neutrality are discussed, in which the various alkaloids, the common metal poisons, and the most common gases are considered, together with their effects, detection, and treatment of the symptoms and conditions arising from their use. The laboratory work of the second semester, under the careful supervision of Drs. Saylor, Hamilton, and Shrader, considers the important practical aspects of clinical chemistry and nutrition. The work is largely quantitative including the analysis of gastric juice and urine, determining renal efficiency, and analyzing blood and milk. In addition actual metabolism experiments are carried out by the student upon themselves. These are so planned to bring out the essentials and to familiarize the procedures having important and direct application on medical practice. Or. Spiegel-Adolph demonstrates the intricacies of colloidal chemistry. Dr. Pritchard demonstrates the spinal cord in ncgroanatomy. Or, Saylor has his yearly talk with certain freshmen. Dr. Shrader supervises the chem. istry laboratory.PHYSIOLOGY The science which treats of the functions of the living organism and its parts begins in the second semester of the first year. Here the student is taken from the lifeless tissue of the dissecting room and the inanimate atoms of the chemistry laboratory to study the living tissues and functions of man and the lower animals. In the first semester the cardiovascular. lymphatic, respiratory, and part of the gastro-intestinal systems are covered. Lectures from Drs. Hickey. Oppenheimer, and Collins are followed in the laboratory by many carefully planned experiments on lower animals and the students themselves. Under constant supervision, the student works in pairs with unusual and adequate equipment. He is required to make permanent records of all experiments and to keep these records plus a summary of each experiment in a well organized notebook. In addition the department has prepared questions on each experiment which gives the student an opportunity for collateral reading. 1 Professor J. Garrett Hickey. 2 0 r 1. Oppenheimer and Collins teach mony phyjiologicol facts on onejthetired animal . 3 Smoking drum for the kymogrophs become on integrol port of the physiol, ogy loborotory. 4 Frejhmen loom the phytiology of the circulatory y tem. 5 Dr. Hickey show what on etperienced odiuJlment mean to o proper recording.X-RAY Dr. Chamberlain and his department continue the lectures and demonstrations of normal anatomy as seen by the X-ray in the second semester. In addition, occasional pathological films are shown to compare with the normal. For example, Dr. Chamberlain lectures on low back pain and sacroiliac slip. He demonstrates his method of diagnosing it by measuring the differences between the pubic bones at the smphysis in different positions of standing. This demonstration and many others gives the student an appreciation of the use of X-ray in solving many medical problems. MEDICAL CORRELATION During the second semester of the first year the freshman student comes in contact with his first patient in the medical correlation course under the guidance of Professor John A. Kolmer. It is indeed a vital and stimulating factor in the first year when ihe student who is spending so much time in the laboratory has this opportunity of gaining access to the medical atmosphere of the hospital. The medical clinics are so planned to bring the student into close contact with selected cases and the application of the fundamental sciences of anatomy, chemistry, and physiology in relation to the manifestations and course of the disease selected. Dr. Kolmer presents the first mcdicol clinics to the freshmen. Dr. Chamberlain continues his radiology lectures. Dr. Arbuel'e c amir.es and dictates his findings. Dr. Kolmer reviews a history.Front row. left to right: 48. $4. 78. 74. 16, 81. 30. 12. 105 Second row. left to right: 55, 101. 88. 58. 98, 91. 17, 34, 93. 74 Third row left to right: 27. 109. 71. 69 . 66. I. 77, 53 , 73. 100. 35 Front row. left to right: 47. 36. 38. 72 67. 102, 4|. 89. 19. 76. 80 Second row, left to right: 63. 104. 106. 52. 7, 39. 14. 18. 97. 103, «9 Bock row. left to right: 13. 15 . 20. 29 9S 70, 59 , 50 40. 60. 2. 79. 44 Front row. left to right: 33. 3. 62. 37. 108. II. 6. 87. 25 Second row. loft to right: 64. 83. 96, 21. 8. 9. 32, 26, 23. 86 8ock row: 90. 65. 28. 10. 24. 42. 82 45, 6. 43. 75 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 49. 50. 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. (I. 62 63. 64. 65. 66. 67. 68. 69. 70. 71. 72. 73. 74 75. 76. 77. 78. 79. 80. 81. 82. 83. 84. 85. 86. 87. 89. 89. 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 100. 101. 102. 103. 104. ICS. 106. 107. 106. 109. THE FRESHMAN Bernord Porker Adelmon CLASS Thomos Horgroves Ainsworth Zbigniew John Boctewski Howard Nelson Baier Joseph Jacob Baker Paul Lloyd Barcloy Samuel Stouffer Barr Richard T. 8lockwell Walter Joseph Bfosco Theodore Thomos Blumberg Robert Brooks Molly Agnes Brown Robert Monroe Bucher Joseph Francis Compona Donald John Cosey Margaret Teol Cosey August Paul Ciell. Jr. Holstein DeHaven Cleaver, Jr. Byron Clyman Bryce Clork Cochran Alfred Leroy Colley Joe Elvin Conrad Newton Hogon Copo Edward Wilson Dovis Hermon George Decherney Jomes Newcomer Dill J. William Ditilor James 8awie Donoldson Frederick Thomas Eastwood Margoref Hoy Edwards Morton Simon Eisenberg Bernord Eisenstein William Guy Evans Joseph Albert Eylcr Arthur Williom Foust Joseph Florio Willis Ming Fong Phyllis Priscilla Cleveland Frost Melvvn Jock Gardner Enos Throop Geer Molina Lvdio Gonrolez Hugh Sylvan Haas Williom Thomos Holl John Dallas Hallahon Lee Horrington Carl Alfred Harris Joseph Harrison Dorothy Jpne Hicks P.ichord Singer Himes Grant 8. Hughes Burton Cowles Jameson Richard Elias Johns Thomas Benjamin Johnson Patricio Mary Kamslcr Henry George Krueger LeRoy Wright Krumperman John Williom Larson John Joseph Lorxeri Robert Spongier Lefever Frederick Victor Lichtenfels Fronk A. I ippi Edward Chong Lum Matthew Melvin Mansuy Front Andrew Maroshek Richard Gordon Martin Joel Virgil McCall George Albert McCloskey Thomas Alfred McGavin W lliom Louis McKinnoy. Jr. Charles Joseph McPeak Milton Valentine Miller. Jr. Edwin Doyle Morton Williom Mahon Myers Glen Neese. Jr. Williom Alfred Nickles Oonota Jay Ottenberg William Joseph Overman Verg Jean Palmer Gmo Gastono Papola Louis M Pelosi Seveno Perlman Robert leeper Puncheon Frank Thomos Reole Dovid Edword Reiber Thomas Nelson Ryon Henry Thcron Soin Eugene Wolfer Sausser Whitlow Missimer Show Thomas Rondolph Clinton Sisson Kobert John Snyder Paul Steinhorn Frederick Charles Stcller Arthur Stiffel Helen F ooccs Stochen Chorles Caverly Swift Joseph Hampshire Swift. Jr. Miguel A. TuKo Alston Cornelius Twiss George Joseph Urban. Jr. Ralph Harmon Van Meter James Gibson Watson Franklin 8cnjomin Watters Jr Horold Frederic West Leslie Winfield Whitney Doris Ann Wolf William Frederick Wgnder Peter Chorles Yankauskas Jocob Zotuchni Charles McClellan ZeiglerIt hos been said that a freshman does not worry about becoming a doctor. His only wish is to be a sophomore. It takes the better part of the freshman year for the medical student to get his feet on the ground. When he does gain the comparative security of his second year he no longer has the overwhelming fears of the unknown. He is an insider now. In a way he is established as a member of the medical family. Many of the terms which were at first strange and confusing are now an accepted part of his vocabulary. At the end of the first year he may knowmore anatomy than he will ever know again. He has finally (he thinks) said goodbye to chemistry. He is already giving weighty advice to ailing friends. The freshman year is probably most difficult for most students because everything is so new and confused but the prospective physician will find plenty to occupy his mind os a sophomore. Even the ablest must keep eternally up with his books and laboratory work to make the grade in physiology, pharmacology, bacteriology. and pathology. T e famous sophomore squint comes from looking through a microscope.....FIRST TRIMESTER BACTERIOLOGY The average medical student read "Microbe Hunters" at an early age. Ever since he has dreamed of finding the cause or cure of some pestilence through a microscope. In his second year he is formally introduced to the work of Koch, Pasteur. Lister and many others equally great but less publicized. Every morning he sits before Dr. Kolmer taking down from his lips information that some of medicine's greatest minds have spent years discovering. Along with the lectures he learns himself to do Gram stains and cultures and other bacteriological procedures. With Dr. Spaulding's help he runs an unknown culture thru analysis and finds out for himself what bacteriology means. Dr. Kolmer, who lectures in bacteriology it prominent in research. Dr. Spaulding points out feoturos of a culturo plate to a student group. Dr. Spaulding explores the sub visible world of the bacteria.PHYSIOLOGY AND NEURO-PHYSIOLOGY The sophomore finds that he has not burned all of his freshman bridges. Returning after vacation he -finds his old friends Drs. Hickey. Oppenheimer. and Collins awaiting him with open arms. It seems that there are still a few things that they neglected to mention in their extensive field. There are more kymographs to be blackened at the expense of scorched fingers. There are more frogs slippery as ever to be pithed. There are lectures, too, to cover sheets and cards and there are the weekly objective tests on subjects that always seem to have been forgotten in the intensive study the night before. Something new has been added also. Having struggled thru the intricacies of neuro-anatomy the student must now learn how the nervous system operates. Dr. Spiegel, distinguished neurophysiologist, has the somewhat questionable pleasure of putting this across. At first, the sophomore thinking back, gets the impression that neuroanatomy was child's play by comparison but gradually in Dr. Spiegel's time-skilled hands the whole field gets a new meaning. His references to the work that he himself has done to clear up this little understood phase of medicine gives life to the whole course. Every student complains of the overwhelming mass of information met in physiology. Later on his only complaint is that he did not learn enough physiology. Or. Hickey explains the action of the vocal cords. Instructive experiments are demonstrated on well anesthetized animals by Dr. Collins. tow and why the body acts as it does is Dr. Hickey's problem. Dr. Wycis assists Dr. Spiegel in neuro-physiological experiment. Dr. Spiegel is a recognized authority on the nervous system. The strange and varied features of talis are emphasized by Or. Livingston. Dr. Fellows prepares for an eipcrimental injection. Dr. Livingston is justly proud of tho kymographs he has designed. PHARMACOLOGY A large part of the glamor of medicine lies in the romance of drugs, the magical substances which hove the power to cure men's ills. Thus it is a step of real importance when the medical student starts his pharmacology course. The first trimester's work is devoted largely to pharmacy and the student smells and tastes queer powders and solutions. He mixes up most of the preparation forms which he will in the future prescribe for his patients. From Drs. Livingston and Larson he learns the physical and chemical properties of the herbs and alkaloids and their physiologic action. From Dr. Fellows he gets his first pointers on prescription writing and finds that he is not through with linguistics until he has mastered prescription Latin, a tongue that resembles at first glance nothing under heaven. The whole is novel and interesting having but one flaw, the weekly question bee recalling strong memories of chemistry. Ferric chloride plus tannic acid equals what? Dr. We ton clear up lome fine anatomical point for tho Sophomore .PREVENTIVE MEDICINE The Temple man meets no more dominant personality in his school career than Dr. Hartley, Public Health expert and the "best politician in the city of Philadelphia." Dr. Hartley starts out with the topics of water supply, air and sewage disposal. In general it moy be said that Philadelphia water can be matched with any in the world and it is poor policy to put the privy just above the spring. PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS As a sophomore the student has a visitor from the Episcopal Hospital. Dr. Kay of the measured word comes to take the first step in making another group of diagnosticians. The methods of physical diagnosis, he informs them, are inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscutation and sometimes olfaction in order of importance and practice. Friday afternoons the student has an opportunity to practice some of his new-born knowledge in the examination of his classmotes "normal" chest. Probably no greater thrill awaits him than when he listens knowingly to a heart beat through his own stethoscope. Dr■ . “• - Profenor Jammt Kay teache, th fundamental, of phytScoI diagnot- or. Kay dtmonitratet th« porcuuion of o normal choit. ..SECOND TRIMESTER Or. Loricn adiuit« a burette In the Phormocology laboratory. PHARMACOLOGY In the second trimester Pharmacology comes into its own. Long hours are spent in the laboratory testing out the effect of various agents on animals from frogs to fellow classmates. Results are recorded on kymographic sheets ten feet long. Lecture material piles up on all kinds of pharmacologic actions. Dr. Fellows lectures and sets problems before the students. There are doses to be learned. Th« ff«ct of alropino on an animal preparation it clarified by Dr. Livingiton. Dr. Bradley eiplaim the principle of the iphygmomanometer. The place of piychiatry in the practice of medicine ii explained by Dr. Engliih. How can anyone know them all? Notebooks of experimental work must be made. Former classes remember conning the literature for pharmacology papers. Then at last the three hour informal quizz sections, examination, and a headache. Phamacol-ogy is over but the friendly instruction of Dr. Livingston and his associates will stand by future doctors.Or. Quindlen make a point clear after clou. Dr. Quindlen demonstrate the breech preientation. PSYCHIATRY The student meets psychiatry in each of his four years. It is a subject of great importance in any practice that has been much neglected by the profession. In the second year Dr. English clearly approaches the problems which the student will meet in every day practice calling for intelligence in diagnosis and correction, but within the scope of the general practitioner. OBSTETRICS Dr. Quindlen initiates the sophomore into the secrets of Obstetrics. Still struggling through the morass of laboratory work in the basic sciences the student is plunged into one of medicine's most important specialities. The beginning is a review of anatomy and physiology with special reference to the femole reproductive tract. The intricacies of the various types of female pelvis are pointed out and the mechanism of labor is covered in detail. A new sense of importance is achieved by the second year man who is now learning something that he himself can and will actually do as a physician. Dr. Rowmond check over one of hi Minor Surgery lecture . Surgically terile. Dr. Giombalvo owoit the ano theti t'» nod to operate. MINOR SURGERY For a brief instant in the second trimester the sophomore gets a glimpse of the romonce of surgery. It is a prosaic glimpse offered by Drs. Rose-mond and Giombalvo, however, of contusions and lacerations, abscess and ulcer, shock and hemmor-hage. It seems a long cry from here to the aseptic room with lights, masks, gloves and gowns that he has observed longingly in his infrequent, unofficial visits to the surgical amphitheatre. Only as the short course of lectures concludes does he suddenly realize that here, in his notes, is the whole of surgery. Everything else only increases the complexity. It does not add to the basic truths.Dr. Smith with inevitable pipe report on a pathological ipeci-men. PATHOLOGY Always before when the student has found reason to complain about difficulties in his studies superior upperclassmen have said, Wait till you have Pathology!" with a knowing attitude. Now. he has Pathology. Equipped with a big red book he goes to the room that he knew as the bacteriology lab. Waiting for him he finds trays so full of slides that his former histology collection is dwarfed by comparison. Starting slowly. Dr. Smith lectures on the fundamentals. The first slides are those of pigmentary changes in the liver and other familiar tissues. Gross organs are studied with Dr. Aegerter. Gradually momentum develops and the sophomore knows that he has met his motch. Dr. Gault, microicopist extraordinary examine! itaincd material. CLINICAL PATHOLOGY Pathology is the study of findings generally unavailable in the living patients therefore relatively valueless in diagnosis of a given case. Clinical pathology is the study of laboratory findings that may be of value in making diagnosis and prognosis. Under Dr. Konzelmann's strict, but helpful tutelage the sophomore learns to stab his partner in the finger, not the back. He gets much practice in cleaning blood pipettes with suction and incidentally some in making blood counts. From Dr. Konzelmann's lucid remorks he learns much about the clinical interpretation and use of the procedures he does. Once again he remembers chemistry and curses himself for not remembering more. In morbid anatomy Dr. Aogerter •how the remits of on autopsy. The "blood count brigade" loarm Portrait of a icicntiit. Dr. Kon- laboratory technique! of clinical xelmonn. value.Friday aftornoon at Jewish Hospital. Dr. Kay lays the foundation for physical diagnosis. PHYSICAL DIAGNOSIS In the second trimester Dr. Kay continues his discussion of the signs of disease that a good clinician calls on to help him in diagnosis. With his several assistants he nelps the sophomores practice the important techniques. Then, on a day always to be holy in retrospect, the student goes to the wards of the Episcopal or Jewish hospitals and stands at the bedside of a sick human being. MEDICINE The subject matter of medicine per se is begun at this time by Dr. Durant. The effect is now being made to force most of the lecture material down into the first three years leaving the last year open for practical clinical work. The sophomore gets one step closer to his life ambition. Dr. Durant give much personal help after the lecture. Dr. Thomos Durant prepares another well organized lecture on the heart.MEDICAL CORRELATION Once more the student finds himself rising at dawn to get to the Erny Amphitheotre for Dr. Kol-mer's clinics. The cases brought in are, as always, whotever the wards afford at the time but Dr. Kolmer tries to correlate them as much as possible with the other courses of the sophomore year. To aid him in this he calls in members of the departments of physiology, pharmacology, and pathology who emphasize those points of the case having a relationship to the work in their respective fields. In this woy the student has a clearer understanding of the practical applications of his non-clinical work. A little citizen" meeti Dr. Kolmer in the Erny Amphitheatre. Sophomores crowd Dr. Gault's demonstrations of onimol parasites. Dr. Hartley confers on a question of Public Health. PARASITOLOGY Following directly upon the course in bacteriology, Dr. Kolmer continues with lectures in mycology and parasitology. These are fields which, while they are not extremely important in and around Philadelphia, are vital in the tropics where the student mey find himself, whether or no. in the not distant future. Parosites of all sizes are discussed. The student learns to recognize, with the help of Dr. Gault's slides and specimens, lice, fleas, worms, and the protozoa. It is not difficult to spot a louse except when the man who looked at the slide before leaves one of the legs under the microscope. This, at times, has resulted in the diagnosis of a tape worm. PREVENTIVE MEDICINE Dr. Hartley carries on in the fields of preventive medicine, hygiene, and public health throughout the year. With the aid of an able corps of assistants recruited largely from the Department of Public Health of the city of Philadelphia she goes into all the phases of this complex problem. So many of the experimental advances of the medical profession can have no benefit to society until they come into general usage under the banner of public health. The student learns the importance of food and milk inspection, quarantining of contagious diseases, vaccination, school health, and vital statistics. He learns what his own duties and privileges will be in respect to these things and he learns of the advantages of specializing in the public health field from an efficient salesman who takes pride in her work.THIRD TRIMESTER PATHOLOGY As the third trimester rolls around and the hope of spring appears again, the sophomore finds that he has had no more than a taste of pathology. He also finds that he has been somewhat remiss in his attention to it. The serious part of the pathology course is started off with a bong by a short slide and written examination. It has been rumored that grades are never recorded for this test. Be that as it may, the test is so thorough that few sophomores dare neglect their work afterwords. Every day there are lectures delivered by Drs. Smith, Gault. Konzelmann, Aegerter, Peale and many authorities brought in from neighboring institutions. Every day the microscope is waiting with seemingly endless slides to be examined, each one demonstrating some aspect of diseosed human tissue. thousands of little points of importance, so easily forgotten. A great help in the mental establishment of these points are the periods in the micro-projection room. There the student has the opportunity of seeing the slide at the same time as his instructor while the items of interest are pointed out in a personally conducted tour. The study of gross material is in no way neglected. Whenever an autopsy is performed a sophomore section is present to observe diseased organs in situ. In the classes in morbid anatomy the student sees for himself both fresh and preserved specimens. Students find micro projection on instructive oid in learning pathology. Sophomores of microscopes Slide tray of one hand, "Smith and Goult" of the other. In case the sophomore has misinterpreted the indications of the first quiz the point is brought home regularly by similar tests throughout the course. Every student must be on his toes constantly, fully oware of all the moterial assigned, to cross these hurdles. The period of study ends as it began, suddenly, with a colossal slide test, a practical and oral examination in morbid anatomy, and the final over all written examination. A flabbergasted student awaits his grades in cold sweat and prayer. Or. Smith leodi on informative discustion in the pothologicol muievm.Sophomores spend many voluoble hours studying under the supervision of Dr. Peoie. Dr. Aegerter carefully describes the pathology found in the pickled specimens. CLINICAL PATHOLOGY Dr. Konzelmonn proceeds with the work in clinical pathology as begun in the second trimester. Laboratory procedures as practiced on the blood, urine, spinal fluid, and feces are explained and then performed by the student usually on himself or his partner. Almost everything that he has learned so far has a bearing here. PREVENTIVE MEDICINE The third part of this course is spent largely in trips. The sophomore visits a school physician, a health center, a dairy, a filtration plant, and a sewage disposal plant. During the ensuing yeor he is required to make a sanitary survey of his home community. The sophomores watch milk being poneutiisd at Abbotti Dairy. Episcopal Hospital ©Hors the medical student mony opportunities to leorn physical diagnosis.Dr. Kolmer, in typical po e, explain Or. Tuft lecture and demonjtrote the Dr. Kolmer carrie mony teaching the importont feature of immunology. technic of immunology. from the clattroom to the bedtide in clinical medical correlation. IMMUNOLOGY This is the only new course started in the third trimester. Dr. Kolmer takes up the important questions of the mechanism of immunity and anaphylaxis and their clinical importance in a short series of lectures. Dr.'s Quindlen, Durant, and English continue with their various topics; Dr. Kolmer continues to drag sophomores and patients into the Erny Amphitheatre in the early morning; Dr. Kay continues to speak to the "members of the class": and the student becoming more and more accustomed to patients in the wards continues to dream of days to come and the physician to be. Dr. English continue hi lecture in ptychiatry in the third trime ter. Dr. Durant review the phyrfology of the heort. Dr. Quindlen illuitrate hit lecture with movie .1. Edward Thomas Auer 2. William Wolloce Barkley. Jr. 3. lucien Barnes, Jr. 4. Oonald LeRoy Boshline 5. Phyllis Mae Beers 6 Bernard Anthony Bellew 7 William JosioK Brensinger 8. Allen Lindley Brvon 9. Joseph Francis Burke 10. John Ronkin Caldwell 11. Louis Joseph Cenni, Jr. 12. David Winfield Clare 13. Margaret Louise Corson 14. John Cowdery 15. Albert James Cross 16. George Albert Deitrick 17. Angeles Dioz 18. Leon William Dierold. Jr. 19. John Joseph Driscoll. Jr. 20. John Franklin Drumhellcr 21. Henry Joseph Dudnick 22. John Philip Emich. Jr. 23. Heinz Karl Faludi 24. Herbert Charles Feft, Jr. 25. Henry Fleischman 26. Alfred Stroyer Frantz 27. William Shourds Freeman, Jr. 28. Morris Jock Fmmin 29. Adorn Edward Gomon, II 30. John Daniel Gaydos 31. F. Clay Gibson 32. James Elder Gleicherf 33. Williom Kennedy Goodspeed 34 Joseph Gordon 35. RSchord Raymond Gove. Jr. 36 Valerie Hadden Green 37 Lourence C. Griesemer 38. Newell Jerome Griffith 39. George Raymond Grimes 40. Horle Burton Grover 41. Oscar Ernest Gruo 42 Benjamin Clork Gwinn 43. Douglos Loale Hayward 44. Alexander Chondlee Hering 45. Philip Musser Irey Jr. 46. Bernord Richord Jockson 47. Helen EUzobeth Jones 48. George Froncis Komen 49. Frederick Stone Kelley 50. John Herron Kolmer 51. John Walter Lochmon 52. Mothew Rubio Lopin 53. Charles Andrew Lauboch, Jr. 54. John Boxter Lecdom 55. John leicer 56. Mory Eleanor Longo 57. Sterling Alexander MacKinnon 58. Walter Hugh Maloney 59. 8ernord Morgolis 60. Estello Melmon 61. Charles Henry Monges 62. Pegay Florence Moschter 63. Herbert Leverc Miller 64. James Edward Miller 65. William Golbreath Milliron 66. Melvin Wayne Modisher 67. Blanche M. Mount 68. Robert William Nicholson 69. Gaylord Benton Parkinson. Jr. 70. George Fountoln Porrot 71. Karl Allen Osborn 72. George Alexander Race 73. Fenn Tompkins Ralph 74. Charles Kirby Roth 75. George Froncis Reichwein 76. John McForlqne Rhoods 77. Robert Robbins 78. Charles Henry Rushmore 79. John Sobol 80. Milton Sarshik 81. Steven Sowchuk 82. Horold Schwortz 83. Charles Ross Shuman 84. Bernord Israel Simon 65. Edward Michoel Sivick 86. Morion Rifs Snyder 87. Richard Vinson Snyder 88. Robert Stofford Soencer 89. Donold Golder Stitt 90. Leo Stanley Szakalun 91. Horry Glenn Thompson 92. Parley Dale Thompson 93. Horry Edwin Trapp. Jr. 94. Charles Williom Umlauf 95. John Carlson Urie 96. Albert Lewis Vadheim. Jr. 97. Thomos Edison Wagner. Jr. 98. Ruth Esther Weber 99. Joseph Henry Weigel •00- Parley Edgar Wellstead '51- Woodrow Wilson Wendling l®2. Robert Arthur Winstontley 103. George Griffith Wyehe 104. Morris Leroy Yoder. Jr.The junior yeor! Now, for the first time the student meets medicine. No more socred mysteries to remain unrevealed, no more laboratory periods all too reminiscent of undergraduate days. Now like a breath of fresh air comes the realization that he hos gained the first step in the life long ladder of his chosen career. After the hours spent in establishing a foundation in the basic sciences, so vital yet apparently irrelevant, he is deemed worthy to hear and to some extent see how modern medicine is practiced. The tantalizing glimpses of the first twoyears will now be expanded os the whole panorama of this new world is la-d before his view. Everywhere he hos heard allusions to what lies ahead of him so commonplace to his instructors but lacking the vital links to moke it into a comprehensible whole for him. Dr. Roxby’s fascinating stories of private practice. Dr. Kolmer's lucid presentations of selected coses, fundamentals in obstetrics and surgery, even the proud moments with actual patients at Episcopal and Jewish were only hints of what was to come. Away with the trivial! This is the stuff of which doctors are mode. . . .Dr. Brown heads the Department ol Medicine ond lectures on therapeutics. MEDICINE Yes, Doctors are made of this but hardwork and long hours go into the making. Day after day the junior sits listening, listening while fountain pens scratch on endless sheets of paper. Internal medicine, the backbone of general practice. consumes much of his time. First in Dr. Durant’s well ordered tones he learns about that organ of first importance, the heart and the afflictions to which it is heir. Each one is neatly classified and signs and symptoms are expounded. Correlated with this Dr. Brown gives the student his first introduction to what is being done and what he can actually do for the alleviation of the ills that are presented. At the same time Dr. Roessler gives in a few short talks some of his conclusions derived from his years in the practice of cardiology. The student learns that he may expect to see more diseased mitral valves than tricuspids although in physiology he always thought they were pretty much on a par with each other. He learns more about digitolis and loses no respect for that wonder drug. Then as Dr. Durant closes his summary of the vital pump, Dr. Farrar introduces the question of the blood. In his friendly easy going manner he takes up the everpresent anemias and the rare and fascinating leukemias. These important conditions of which the student has heard much are now placed in a clear perspective where they must be in order to understand, diagnose, and treat them. In his turn then Dr. Farrar gives way to suave diplomatic Dr. Weiss, who opens the door to his favorite study, the kidneys and cardio-vascular-renal disease. The junior sees a new significance to these Diseases of Ihe blood are presented by Dr. Fcrrar. Dr. lonsbury talks about body types. Dr. Durant methodically presents the diseasos of the heart and lungs.organs as he learns that more of his patients will die of this group of disorders than from any other cause. Then os the calendar moves on and Dr. Durant again has his say aout the thoracic neighbors of the heart, burly calculating Dr. Lansbury follows with medical disorders of the digestive tract. In the spring the Junior again meets one of his oldest and best friends, Dr. Kolmer, who discusses the biologic therapy of which he is master. Dr. Kolmer is father of the statement that any grade above 75 is pure gravy, a rare fluid among medical students. Or. Roesler develops hit own electro-cardiograms. PEDIATRICS Pediatrics too helps shine the seats of many trousers. Like an avalanche upon the student is poured medicine, surgery, and all the specialties as practiced with the younger members of society. Dr. Nelson, drawling voice of experience and study, leads the procession covering thoroughly the variations in diseases as they are met from birth to adolescence. Dr. Anderson, able and attractive aide, complements him with a bewildering rapid fire of facts and statistics. From the Municipal Hospital for Contagious Diseases comes Dr. Lucchesi with sly, knowing manner and stories not always repeatable to inform on measlies, mumps, ana the other infectious conditions usually peeculiar to childhood. Dr. Pierson takes up the all-important psychic development of children. These instructors are ably supported on occasion by Dr. Bertram and others. The Junior student is finally left high and dry at the year's end a little breathless and dazea by this vision of all medicine in miniature. Of. Kolmer expounds on vaccines ond sera. Dr Weiss lectures on kidney disease. Dr. Nelson relaxes with his pipe. The ropid fire delivery of Or. Ander- son keeps student Fens busy.SURGERY Df. lucchcti brinqt hit '•nowledge of conlogious diseoses to Temple juniors. The romance of medicine in the minds of lay people and most pre-medical students is in surgery where miracles are performed routinely. After only a few lectures in the basic principles the student in his junior year is introduced to the surgeon's work. Dr. Babcock. Temple patriarch and master craftsman starts off every week at eight o'clock Monday morning meeting the juniors and seniors together. In odd years he presents motion pictures exhibiting surgical techniques to the combined group and in even years he conducts oral quiz sections of selected students before the two classes. Boisterous Dr. Burnett carries the weight of the surgery course material. Endearing himself to his classes by his cheerful manner and sense of humor, his knowledge of the material, and his efficient presentation gain him respect. He is a fount of information carving his way from the appendix through and out the abdomen through the chest and only concluding when he has reached the relative pinocle of the face. His store of medical Americana is unlimited. Juniors will not forget the lady who practiced physical therapy to the "Farmer in the Dell." Supplementing the work of Dr$. Babcock and Burnett is Dr. Astley, methodical questioner who sees that juniors do not fall behind in their study and incidentally himself presents many pointers of value. Dr. Coombs, too, presides over a weekly lecture-clinic on the question of surgicol techniques not otherwise covered. In the latter part of the year Dr. Steel adds to this his own discussion of ones-thesia with demonstrations. Dr. Bobcock keepi juniors and senior! up to mark in hi» weekly conference!. Dr. Burnett out! o dynamic personality info hi surgery lectures. Th« fiold of Nourology 1 clearly propounded by Or. Gilpin. Many helpful pointt are presented by Dr. Astley. DERMATOLOGY In the third year the student first meets the men whose field is the whole body—on the outside, the dermatologists. The junior finds from practical Dr. Wright that although there are only a few different lesions of the skin, these can be caused by many different factors and combined in surprising ways. He finds also that treatment o? skin diseases is complex and only calamine lotion is flawless. In the second part of the year Drs. Wright and Friedman take up syphilis and its treatment and the student finds that here is an enemy that he is armed to destroy. NEUROLOGY Fiery, fervent Dr. Gilpin finally throws a light upon the practical use of all the information the student has accumulated in neuroanatomy and neurophysiology. One after another he traces out the features of the obscure malignant syndromes, from vitamin deficiency polyneuritis to multiple sclerosis. Always he clamors for common sense. ‘'With a patient who has never been out of Philadelphia. don't think of leprosy first!" Or. Wrighf't roll book it th« torror of tho [uniort. "Calamino lotion, Whitfiold'i oint-m nt, or X-roy may givo tome improv m nt."In working garb, Dr. Montgomery goes over student Dr. Alesbury works In his office on Erie Avenue, notebooks. O B S T E Today the junior is already rooted in obstetrics when he starts that year. Past juniors have met that field, too, for the first time. Dr. Montgomery begins the year following Dr. Quindlen's sophomore lectures methodically taking up the routine problems of labor and the puerperium as conducted in the normal uncomplicated cose. At the same time Dr. Alesbury meets the question of pregnancy, normal. and when local and systematic pathology intervenes. His is the question of moternal mortality and its prevention. Woe betide the Temple man who lets a mother die who could and should hove been saved. t r i c s In Dr. Montgomery's mind, obstetrics is a practical subject lending itself but little to theorizing and academic discussion. Consequently as soon as the last essential foundation stone is laid he brings in his patients. From this early time the medical student actually sees the problems that the obstetricians are meeting day by day and with them attempts to find a solution. By the end of the junior year he has. perhaps a greater understanding of the problems of reproduction than of ony other field in medicine. Or. Reynolds and Dr. Hoyford confer on an obstetrical cose. Or. Alesbury gets ready for on examination.Or. Montgomery it director ond coordinotor of obstetrics and gynecology. Or. Duncan calls on great eiperience for his lectures in gynecology. GYNECOLOGY Also under Dr. Montgomery s able supervision is the Department of Gynecology. The prophylaxis ond therapeusis of the many ills to which the female reproductive tract is liable are correlated as closely as possible with the obstetrical work. Initially Dr. Stewart reviews and enlarges on earlier instruction in the anatomy, embryology, and physiology of this system. Later when obstetrics has passed out of the lecture phase Dr. Duncan, with the kindly manner that has endeared him to so many frightened women, takes up gynecologic dis- ease. He describes medical ond surgical treatment of displaced and injured organs and the common infectious and inflammatory conditions. Finally Dr. Beechom, of pill and hymnal fame, exposes the tumor question. The junior learns the importance of early diagnosis. Semi-annual pelvic examinations are as imoortant to health and more vital to life than regular visits to the dentist. Dr. Beechom is a man of single purpose and no student can pass through his course without realizing the importance of this fact. Or. Beechom oicertoin a gynecologic diognoiii. Or. Stewort checki wme endocrine attayt.DISEASES OF THE CHEST Dr. A. J. Cohen leclurot on pulmonory tubercoloiit. Pncumothoro fechnlqoe it demon-jtrofcd by Dr. Cohen of the Eagle-ville Sanotoriom. The Great White Plague is discussed by Dr. Abraham J. Cohen of Eagleville Sanitorium. In definite terms he brings to the juniors, signs and symptoms. complications, and modern treatment with many illustrative anecdotes. He has spent his whole life in this field and he speaks with authority from wide experience. Non-tubercular diseases erf the chest are taken up by Dr. Arthur Penta of Saranac Lake, who has made a careful study of this rather obscure field. Aided by slide demonstrations he takes up the mycotic infections of the lungs and the pneumoconioses. OTOLOGY Dr. Matthew Ersner, who likes to be known as Uncle Matt, conducts the junior tour of the ear. He points out the importance of this all too often overlooked organ in engaging style replete with stories of his own and other's experiences. Who will forget his medico! school experience when he prescribed atropine for his uncle, a street car motor-mon who thereupon took the whole bottle in a single run and suffered accordingly? Interspersed between the anecdotes, however, pathology and therapy of otic conditions is covered thoroughly. A gentle man himself, Dr. Ersner teaches his students gentleness in treating the delicate and painful salpingitides, foreign bodies, furuncles, celluitis. mastoiditis, and many others. As the course concludes each student knows thot he has made a real and lasting friend in Uncle Matt.OPHTHALMOLOGY Another smol! organ, the eye, shows itself to present complexities also. Or. Lillie and his co-workers stort to talk in September and only coll a holt as summer again approaches when the student finds his medical horizon broadened consider ably. The first half of the year is given over to the eye in relation to systemic disease and diagnosis by the ophthalmoscope. Dr. Little points out thot the retina is a true mirror of the status of the whole vascular tree and by its ophthalmoscopic study the clinician can learn much about hypertension, diabetes, nephritis, arteriosclerosis, and leukemia even before these conditions are observed elsewhere. The second semester is given over to the intrinsic diseases of the eye which Drs. Lillie and Gibson present very cogently with many slide demonstrations. the oyi dipartmint: Fronts Dti. Gib Or, G b or d%trwwtrQ % oc Aar % V son, Stillii, lynch; Roar, Kimmol, r %ovh%it w v Bronsford, Hinmon.Dr. Chomberlain clearly preientt the important role of radiology in medicine. A new day it greeted with xett in the X-roy department. Dr. Jockion studies the retpirotory paitaget through a bronchoscope. RADIOLOGY Early every Friday morning the junior rises to have Dr. Chamberlain demonstrate to him Pathology as revealed by the Roentgen Ray." The vast store of the X-ray department's files is called upon and the student sees and begins to understand the immense importance of X-ray as a diagnostic measure. BRONCHOSCOPY In a few talks near the year's end Dr. Chevalier L. Jackson introduces the junior to a field that wos literally mode by his father, bronchoscopy and esophagoscopy. The important features of this work are briefly outlined with the oid of slides and motion pictures. ORTHOPEDICS Dr. John Royal Moore, wizard of the locomotor system, meets the juniors in full regalia. Dr. Moor hoi o f w words fo toy about congenital d formiti i. Th application of a cast it demonstrated by Dr. Moore.Profoiior W. H«rs«y Thomas, Professor of Urology. Dr. Bacon and Or. GiambaWo enjoy o cigarette botween operations. Warmhearted Or. Ridpath discourse on the tonsils. Saturday is orthopedic day in the lemple operating suite and anxious to waste no time Dr. Moore lectures in surgical garb. Strange and tearful are the diseases he discusses—congenital deformities, osteomyelitis, the ostecchondritides. Pott's disease —and the treatments are long, wearisome, requiring infinite skill and potience of the physician. The student wonders at his preceptor who knows all these things and practices them with almost magical ability. UROLOGY The diseases of the genito-urinary tract are the subject of Dr. Hersey Thomas's talks in the first part of the third year. He mentions these unmentionable conditions in some detail. All of his long medico! life has been spent in this work. In the early days of the century study abroad was considered a must for the finished practitioner and Dr. Thomas initiated his labors there. He brings to the juniors deep understanding and a wide experience in his field. His accounts of unfortunate occurrences in the lives of his patients are not only greatly enjoyed but these incidents will aid future physicians in remembering important points in dealing with their urologic potients. PROCTOLOGY Following on the heels of Urology. Proctology is taken up by Dr. Schneider, who has taken up where Dr. Hibshman left off. On occasion he is supported by Dr. Bacon and other members of the department. Those common, lorgely non-vitol, but troublesome disturbances of the anus and rectum are outlined to the oncoming practitioners who will find that patients are often more grateful for the relief of discomfort than for the saving of a life which they may not comprehend as well. RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY Even more than the rectal area, the nose and throat cause the human race infinite discomfort. No one is immune from the common cold in Philadelphia. at least, few are free from sinusitis, hypertrophied tonsils and adenoids, and the complications of these unpleasant conditions. Dr. Davis fires the first gun in this series with his discussion of the nose ana accessory sinuses, their disorders and their treatment. At intervals Drs. Lemon and DeLuca supplement his lectures and then Dr. Ridpath. youthful and jolly has his say about the tonsils and the treatment of throat infections in general. The last lecture is over. The student faces the world with assurance. There are a few points on which he is not entirely clear but another year is more than enough time to fill them in. . . .TEMPLE JUNIOR CLINICS Throughout the junior yeor the deportment of medicine presents coses of interest and importance to the class os a whole in the time hallowed, uncomfortable Erny Amphiteatre. As a rule this duty rotates with the current chief on service in the medical wards. The junior sees men whom he has known before or met this yeor os Drs. Ginsburg Farrar, Lansbury and Weiss and meets some anew who have a vital part in the hospital's functioning like Drs. Donnelly and Beckley. Depending .on what is in the hospital wards at any given time he sees cases of pneumonia, all types of heart diseose, endocrine disturbances, nephritis, gastrointestinal disease, and pure diagnostic problems. This actual contact with disease itself serves to clarify and crystallize the subject matter of the lectures. In the second port of the year Dr. Montgomery presents obstetrical problems to the class, also. The student sees himself what his lecturers meant by placenta previa, toxemia, puerperal sepsis, and polyhydramnios. Dr. Montgomery, like all good teachers, realizes that a practical subject must be taught in a practical manner. Dr. Lansbury printing the junior medical clinic. Dr. William A. Steel. Professor of Principles of Surgery. Dr. Giambolvo redresses a leg in Dr. Steel's clinic. Dr. Montgomery presents an obstetrical problem to the junior clinic.PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL It is ot the boundless fount of the Philadelphia General Hospital where the junior sees most of his pathology on the hoof. Every Wednesday before seven he arises and makes his way to West Philadelphia to see what new wonders Oid Blockley can present. Dr. Burnett alternates week by week with Dr. Astley in presenting the surgical cases. Rolling in and out of the amphitheatre the junior can see an endless array of hernias, appendices, gall bladders, tumors, abscesses, empyemas, and thyroids. Almost every disease that afflicts mankind gets to Philadelphia sooner or later and when it does it comes to Philadelphia General. Of. A»tley consider ot P.G.H. I Humor ploy o considerable port in Or. Burnett' clinic . The symptoms of compuliion neurosis ore cataloged by Dr. English. Dr. English domonstrotei good technique in deoling with psychotic patients.After the material surgeon comes the ethereol psychiatrist. Dr. English comes down to solid ground after the theoretical work of the first two years and presents some of the mental cases from the adjacent psychiatric pavilion. The patients are always interesting, sometimes entertaining but they indicate to the student whot a serious problem is the mental question which was always to him a little apart from the actual practice of physical medicine. Dr. Gilpin too makes the trip to Blockley and proceeds to show that his field is a real full one of tragedy and unanswered questions. One after another he introduces the shattered wrecks of human beings who have been sitting in their wheelchairs or lying in bed. Many have lived here for the better part of their lives with no change in routine save the occasional visits to dosses of medical students. Every week when the clinics ore over one-fourth of the class goes to the morgue to watch and in part perform an autopsy. Under the guidance of a member of the pathology department the students perform various parts of the examination including the examination of the histologic slides. The history of the case is mimeographed and given to the rest of the class for diagnosis. The following week the student pathologists report their findings after a member of the medical department has attempted more or less successfully to make o diagnosis from the history os given. Other members of the class meet with Dr. Louis Cohen to exomine the chests of proven tuberculosis cases. Or. Louit Cohen tupervitet the examination of a tuberculous chett. Dr. Gilpin hot a wealth of neurological moteriol of Philadelphia General.CLINICAL CLERKSHIPS "Th heading it crowning." A junior 0.6. section. Diarrhea of childhood is expounded by Dr. Cucinotta in the convalescent ward. Dr. Moore is jovial as he demonstrates the application of a full-body cast. Dr. Benedict shows the junior section an ischio rectal abscess. In the third year the medical student has his closest contact with the potient in the wards and clinics of the hospital. Here he learns the relationship of physician and patient and sees the methods that ore employed in the various services of the hospital. Six weeks are spent in the Pediatrics word. Dr.'s Anderson. Bortram. Cucinotta. and Levitsky alter- nate in discussing the management of the various diseases of childhood and the care of the infant with selected cases for illustration of common procedures. A similar period is spent in the Babcock Wards. With various members of the surgical staff the student makes rounds, sees and discusses the patients and learns something of pre- and post-operativeJUNIOR CLINICAL A medlcol co I p «Mni.d to Dr. KLinbort ond »► • W™ ' cfioP- Or. Coh.n d.mon.trot.i o mitrol mwrmwr. Dr» Babcock Coombi. Fi»k«, ond Aegerter ar« in a quondry ovtr Tht qottlion of h«rn!o it diicuited by Dr. lowr nc«. a ‘ well tcarred abdomen. Dr. Ro by gi e» the juntorj o jhort review of important onotomy. care. Every week he attends the surgical conference where difficult cases ore presented before the whole staff. In the medical wards for three weeks students are assigned cases to be examined and presented before the chief on service. It is here that the junior first meets a patient on his own. Another three weeks is spent in the junior medical clinic where there is an opportunity to work up ambulatory patient, and diagnose and prescribe for them. Neurology also holds the student's attention for a like time. Rounds are made with various members of that department and the principles of the neurologic examination are made clear.CLERKSHIPS Or. Coswell Instruct the juniors in Drt ri..:__ . , . . Dr- ottot Is doubtless discuss- the technique of foot bandaging. a low l .V. ™ 0m P rL°rm infl » • advisability of liver u u ° ,0" Creeps assist on the mann.ken. therapy for a chronic potienf. In the cystoscopy room Dr. Frets remarks on urologic method . Dr. McNurnie demonstrate the rebound phenomenon on a cooperative patient. The remainder of the junior clerk's time is split up. He makes rounds with the urologists and learns something of cystoscopy. He makes rounds in orthopedics, gynecology and proctology. He spends a few hours with Dr. Roxby to refresh his anatomy. He learns the principles of bandaging and practices them. From Drs. Amsterdam. Lomax. Quind-len and others he learns the technique of labor and the use of forceps on the mannikin. Above all else, however, is his ten doys on obstetrics. For this period he is subject to call at all hours of the day and night whenever a new citizen is ready to enter the world. Assuming cap, gown and mask he watches the delivery a scarce ten minutes from a rude awakening.Front row. left to right: 42. 28. 36. 25. 17. 13. 15. 34. II. 59. 35. 33. 32. 48. Middle Row. | ft to right: 6. 5. 30. 31. 24. 46. 7, 41. 51. 47. 49. 26. 29. 57. 10. 21. 20. Bock row. left to right: 54. 50. 27. 12. 8. 56. 45. 61. J U N I D R CLASS Horry LeRoy Allen 0H Robert Whitney Allen 3. Froncii Andrew Ambrose 4. John Dinwiddie Ashby •» Carmen Thomos Bello 6. Armond Louis Bernabei Ip Victor Joseph Blermon sf Donald Paul Bloser v. Julio Mortho Brandt 10. Ed Lone Brinson. Jr. 11. Arthur Edward Brown. Jr. 12. Samuel Jocob Bucher 13. Bernord Hubert Burbonk 14. Carroll Foster Burgoon, Jr. 15. LaVerne Thompson Burns 16. Claude Henry Byerly r ■' Stuart Newton Cohoon Robert Donald Collison T9 Horold Harden Coshmon Samuel Chochkin •I Robert Brady Cochran Grace Marie Comprolta 23. Louis Howard Creighton 24. Kenneth Arthur Danford •9. Thurman Bert Dannenberg 0 - Jay Howord Davidson 27. James Rollond Deaqe. Jr. 0- Miles Frederick Dill Preston Morkhom Dunning. 30. Horold Hoffman Engle 32. - • 35. 36. 38. 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44 m. 0 47, 1 55. 56. 57. 58. 4 Kenneth Rolph Fickes Hadwin Keith Fischer Samuel Hess Fisher, Jr. Josoah Edwin Goble William John Gorvin Robert Dole Gilliom Abraham Ginsburg Roy Keene Goddard Mourice Goldberg Mark Paul Graeber Constance Loomis Gront Milton Monroe Grover. Jr. Robert Burke Homilton Beniomin Nicol Hammers William Francis Honisek Horricon Fronklin Harboch William Pershing Hauser Somuo Milton Hozlett Robert A Hccbner V allace Earl Hess Robert Huggins High Frank Burnorde Hill Robert Thomos Hubbard Poul Luther Johnson James 8rody Kinlow John Kunkol Kitjmillcr Enoch G. Klimas Nothan Solomon Kolinsky Victor Kremens Dorothy £lv Kriebel Matthew Emil Kuber 92. Fred William Reese 62 Clarence Long Lehman 63. John Young Leiser Leo Levitov 46- Joseph Gibson Lockhorf 66. Edward Ramon Lucente 67. Joseph Ford Mobev 68. Normon Duncan MacKenzie 69. Bruce Mockler .4 Morton Marks 71. George Powers Motthews ’2. Gerald Matthew McDonnel Edward Riggs McKoy 7fcMonton Meads 96 Rodrigo Menendez-Corroda 40 Allen Cook Miller 77. Jomes Daniel Mootz 78. Motfhew Edword Morrow, Jr. 79. Frederick Murtagb, Jr. 60. J. Mever Muus 81. Erling J. Nord . James Spruill Nowell . Paul Dovid Ochenrider 84. Edwin Kyle Ownbcy 85. Roymond Penneys 66. Marshall Julius Pierson 87. Harold R. Piltingsrud 86. Howord Emerson Pro . 9. Philip France Howard Pugh 90. Lester Rauer 91. Williom Leroy Reed 93. 94. •95. 96 -- 99 100. 101. ■m 103. 106. XI: III. X: 114. -M6. 116. 119. %■ Donald Horpsfer Rice Frank Louis Richardson Arthur Jerome Ricker Robert Burchell Roach William Robbins Ervin Edi Rodriguez Robert Arnold Rogers Jrrmon Walter Rose Williom Potter Rumsey Alden Pack Sargent Walter Sawyer. Jr. Sidney George Sedwlck Burie McArthur Snow Andrew Sokolchuk John Siegfried Stewart A. J. ’Richard Stueland Takeshi Tahoro Williom Dill Todhunter Joseph James Tolond. Ill John Henry Trimmer. Jr. Kenneth Vann Tyner Edward Claude Uhrich Williom Frederick Utterman Edward Jerome Vogeler. Jr. Charles Orr V agenhols Jomes Ernest Wallace Clarkson Wentz Jomes Spencer West Williom Abel Wicks Grover Franklin Zcrbe Front row. |0f» t0 righl: 101. 95. 73. 92. 112. 67. 97. 75. 89. 84. 77. 94. 76. 85. Middle row left to rinht• 114 105. 64. 102. 91, 86. 19. 22. ■ a 02 43. 98. 19. 109. 58. 121. 88. 81. 71. 60. I. 117. 68. 22 62, 80. 106. 7°. 90. |(| n0 79 ||6i 93. 78. 74. 83. Back row left, to right: 6V.The senior year! That long awaited year has finally arrived when we are only a short distance from our intended goal. There will be no more of those long hours of didactic lectures of the junior year for now our attention will be directed towards the climax of becoming clinicians. We are soon to discover that the step from books to bedsides is not an easy transformation. For the first time we fully realize the importance of the human element in the practice of medicine and that the difference in practicing the art of medicine and the science of medicine lies in understanding this important factor. The senior year is the most interestingand fascinating year spent in medical school. The major portion of the senior’s work is done in the outpatient department and in the different hospitals. Here he becomes a junior physician, doing most of the work related to the practice of medicine. but always under careful supervision. It is the thought of losing this supervision in a short time that suddenly makes the senior realize that his student life is about to end and that he will soon be out in the world to shift for himself. However, this last clincal year has afforded him the opportunity of gaining much practical knowledge which should enable him to give a good account of himself.LECTURES IN.. MEDICINE Medicine lectures in the senior year are given twice a week by Professor Brown and his staff. These are planned to supplement the course of lectures given in the third year. Dr. Lansbury starts in September by finishing the work on the diseases of the gastro-intestinal tract. In his practical analytical manner, he covers regional ileitis, tuberculosis of the intestines, diverticulosis. Hirschprung's disease, tumors of the bowel, and functional gastrointestinal disturbances. After completing this series of lectures he next discusses the diseases included under the broad heading of rheumatism. At the same time Drs. Weiss and English are discussing the important psychosomatic relationships in medicine. this is accomplished with correlated clinics and lectures by the two men. Dr. Tuft then gives a series of lectures on the diagnosis and treatment of the allergic diseases. Dr. Lansbury returns in December to begin his lectures on endocrinology. Although required to cover the subject in twelve lectures, the important and practical endocrine dysfunctions and their therapy is thoroughly discussed. Dr. Davis then takes over to discuss diets and diobetes. After giving a general review of the different diets and their applications, he lectures on diabetes, its diagnosis, treatment, diets, and complications. Dr. Davis finishes his course of lectures by giving special diets for underweight, obesity, gout, tuberculosis, hyperthyroidism, hypertension, heart disease, and metabolic anomalies. Following Dr. Davis. Dr. Swalm lectures on the diseases of the liver. He discusses the liver function tests and the significance of each. He then trav-erses the pathologicol conditions with emphasis on early diagnosis and treatment of the important ones. Dr. Kolmer then finishes the didactic work in medicine with a course of six lectures on dental conditions as related to medicine. At the end of four years of study the senior student graduates with the assurance that he has gained training in acceptable technical methods for the intelligent examination of patients, as well as in the principles of diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of disease. SURGERY Professor Babcock's lectures and quizzes on Monday mornings are devoted to a discussion of the diagnosis and treatment of surgical problems. This Monday morning session is held as a combined class for senior and junior students. Every other year moving pictures of different surgical technics are shown. These are then discussed by members of each class, and Dr. Babcock quizzes the student on certain phases of the discussion. The other years r. Babcock conducts the class in the form of a quiz and discussion hour with emphasis on the quiz. ! 'V®kor s,x members of the two classes are called in u °rm ° sPen on anxious hour, trying dwnC K those many little points that Dr. Babcock always has on hand. Or ftabcocV WWVtalM de c p ‘ion ol a totd»ot lomponode a of6 «»or obtocv Or. .onvfc u»V beat' o ibou' o paWftM n pvycWsomolic clinic.NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSURGERY The didactic work in neurology and neurosurgery is covered in a series of lectures on Thursday mornings at 9:00 A. M. Professor Temple Fay begins the senior lectures by presenting a series of discussions on the basic concepts of neurology as it applies to general medicine and surgery. He discusses the Monro-Kellie doctrine, the bill of rights, the fundamental requirements of the nerve cell, and the basic laws of surgery and medicine with their application to the diagnosis and treatment of disease. Dr. Fay, with his energetic driving spirit, explains his theory on water balance and the use of its mechanism in treating eclampsia, epilepsy, head trauma, and other conditions of the central nervous system. He explains the hydrodynamics of the enclosed cranium with its three component substances of brain, blood, and cerebrospinol fluid. We learn that to increase the amount of one of these three in this confined space means that one of the others or parts of the others must be decreased. As a substitute Dr. Wycis proved to be an able assistant to Dr. Fay. He pinch hits for his chief by presenting the practical points on treating head trauma. Dr. Wycis begins by treating the case os it enters the accident dispensary until the patient is safely through the danger period, giving the proper procedures for each step. The dynamic "little chief," Dr. Scott gives a series of lectures on the very important subject of epilepsy. With a background of past experience in this field. Dr. Scott is able to cover the subject completely. With well organized notes, he covers the history, classification, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, and treatment of the different phases of epilepsy. Dr. Scott proves himself to be quite an actor by giving actual demonstrations of what the grand mal and petit mal attacks are like. Dr. Taeffner gave several lectures on electroencephalography in the usual Taeffner manner. Dr. Fay then returns to give a series of lectures on pain: its causes and treatment. "Think things through" and "a pint's a pound the world around'" will always recall this unusual course. Dr Foy explains the requirements of the broin cell. Or. Foy and assistants check a refrigeration unit. Dr. Scott not only lectures on, but dramatizes the convulsions of epilepsy.Dr. Moore demonstrates the proper fracture letting technic. "The sign ond symptoms of e tracopsu or trochanteric fractures ore ..." Dr. Moore does an arthrodesis of the hip joint. "V hot would be the deformity?" ORTHOPEDICS Professor John Royal Moore continues the study of orthopedics in the senior year by considering the important subject of fractures, their diagnosis and proper treatment. After defining, classifying, and giving the history of fractures, the driving, energetic Dr. Moore discusses the principles of fracture setting and fracture repair. It is in these first lectures that the following basic principles ore explained: Approximation and immobilization is the secret to successful fracture work, the only exception to this being a rapidly growing sarcoma of bone: the joint above and the joint below the fracture should be included in the cast: immediate immobilization and casting is important as the first step in treating a fracture, the bone can be set next week if necessary; never maintain traction or bending force by plaster of paris; delayed union is any fracture which is not firm in three months: any fracture which is not firm in six months is nonunion; any patient in which axial alignment is not correct or tneir is shortening or lengthening is mol union. These and many other essential principles are taught by Dr. Moore. After the basic principles are given, Dr. Moore then begins the discussion of the individual fractures. Each possible fracture with its complications, diagnosis, and proper technic of setting and costing is analyzed. These lectures are interspersed with demonstrations of the different fractures on the patients in the hospital and the different technics employed, such os the placing of pins, the different splints used, the Smith-Petersen nail technic, and many others. The entire course is illustrated by a series of lantern slides which demonstrate the important fractures by X-roy.CONFERENCES IN Dr. Ridpath demonitrote the Dr. Dovi ond Or. Ridpolh. principles of o proper tonsillectomy. DERMATOLOGY Dermatology in the senior year consists of o clinical review of the common dermatological diseases. Professor Wright presents many interesting cases to the senior class, at which time different members of the class are called upon to diagnose and recommend treatment. Dr. Wright would then give a brief review of the outstanding characteristics of the disease presented with the latest accepted treatment. Most of us could describe those variously sized reddish, dry, rounded, sharply defined patches, covered with imbricated silver scales, but when it came to naming it many found that elusive dermatological vocabulary to be wanting. RHINOLOGY AND LARYNGOLOGY The clinics in rhino-laryngology are conducted by Professor Ridpath on Monday afternoons for a series of eight conferences. The important diseases of the sub[ect ore reviewed with emphasis on the treatment. In addition different surgical procedures employed in rhino-laryngology are demonstrated. Dr. Ridpath and Dr. Lemon perform the best technics for tonsillectomies and adenoidectomies. Dr. Ridpath then makes sure that the seniors know how to do a post-nasal pack and climaxes the conferences by doing a modified Caldwell-Luc operation for a chronic maxillary sinusitis. Dr Carroll S. Wright. Pro-fcitor of Dermatoiogy ond Syphilology. Dr Wright' lenior conference reveols much practical dermotology.Cutler. Uncle Mat ond Chris-lion discuss o radical mastoidectomy. Goughner examines the oar, Dr. Ersner shows Rowland the proper Ireotment for a chronic otitis media. OTOLOGY Professor Ersner presents a series of eight conferences to the senior class in which a review of otology is correlated with the diagnosis and treatment of clinic material available. Dr. Ersner, better known to the students as Uncle Matt, demonstrates the proper methods of examining and treating the ear as well as the proper use of the head mirror. This year some time was devoted to the war injuries of the ear. Dr. Ersner reviewed the common injuries to the ear that have been experienced in war countries from bomb explosions, bums, shrapnel. etc. He also discussed the prophylactic methods now employed to protect the sensitive hearing mechanism from the extreme pressure changes caused by the detonation of the large guns now being used. THERAPEUTICS Professor Brown begins a series of lectures in March by taking one hour a week to discuss special therapeutic problems and to lecture on some of the diseases not fully covered in the regular medicine lectures. Such diseases os typhoid fever, malaria. Rocky Mountain spotted fever, and other of the more rare diseases are covered. The rest of the time is spent in discussing therapeutic problems. Dr. Brown in his usual organized thinking manner, makes it clear to the senior that therapeutics is not a simple equation that can be formulated and then applied to each patient that comes along but it is an individual problem that has many complicating factors entering into the final outcome. Dr. 8rown discusses special therapeutic problems with the seniors. Dr. Brown and staff drop many therapeutic pearls on Saturdays.Of. Brown itviewt tho cow wKi e Of. Konxe'mQf'n too’''' the icotc. CLINICO-PATHOLOGICAL CONFERENCE Every Tuesday afternoon Professors Brown and Konzelmann hold the clinico-pathological conference for the seniors. Protocols ore handed to the seniors the day before and each student then studies the case and makes his diagnosis which he hands to Dr. Konzelmann on Tuesdoy. While Dr. Konzelmann tabulates the different diagnoses. Dr. Brown discusses the cose. The case is carefully considered from the clinical picture presented. The seniors never cease to wonder at Dr. Brown's unending lists of possibilities that he thinks of for each symptom and sign. After spending the major part of the hour in discussing these clinical possibilities and then ruling out the less likely, Dr. Brown makes his diagnosis. Dr. Konzelmann then takes over and reviews the pathology found at autopsy or at the operating table. This gives the student the opportunity of making a diagnosis of a case, having his errors in diagnosing pointed out. and then finally seeing the actual pathology involved. THE COOMBS SURGICAL CONFERENCE Every Thursday morning at 8:00 A.M. Dr. J. Norman Coombs meets with the senior class and reviews many surgical conditions. This is done by informal quizzing and discussion of cases, applied surgical technics, and surgical therapeutics. coMetc '- Or. Coombs hotds conference on IbvirsdofS atrdof »AO -r . Y ho'd' F«n ot,e,nooov Jfo'ofl100' t0n te«cnc« oft NEUROLOGY The senior student ot Temple Medical School has vast opportunities to learn much practical neurology in two neurological conferences a week. The one conference on Monday afternoons is conducted by Professor Temple Fay. This is the neurological conference of the hospital in which not only the deportment of neurology but the departments of neurophysiology, pathology, radiology, ophthalmology. and otology take part. Here the student is able to sit with these medical leaders and learn many important points about neurological examinations, the use of the ophthalmoscope in neurological problems, the importance of X-ray and the air encephalogram, and the use of the Barany Test. Many unusual cases were presented by Dr. Fay and the student has the opportunity of studying many brain tumors, subdural hematomas, and other lesions before and after operation. This made it possible for the student to see the neurological signs and symptoms caused by the pathology that would be revealed to him the following week. The other conference in neurology is conducted by Dr. Sherman F. Gilpin, clinical professor of neurology, on Thursday afternoons. Dr. Gilpin has that unexplainable ability of teaching the important practical points of neurology. Patients from the out patient department are presented to the class. These would then be discussed as to diagnosis and treatment by the members of the class. In this way Dr. Gilpin made clinical neurology a more simplified subject and one which the student could more easily grasp. Dr. Van Meter presented several lectures on the psychological development of children and its associated subject of child neurology. Of. G'tVpin'i cV«n cs on Thundayt o»e a ay interesting and pract'icaV. Of Van Welef enlightens o n4Vi ro'ogy observed in chiidren. Of. fay presents q neufo'ogicot prob'em. Of. fay demonstrates o neurological sign to help tocatiie the lesion.Or. . Chamberlain gain! the confidence of a v«rV l,,,le P0,, n,• Dr. Rociler prepare! for the senior X-ray conference. RADIOLOGY Radiology in the senior year is a course in clinical radiology. Most of the conferences are presented by Dr. Roesler on Tuesdays at 8:00 A.M. The limitations os well as the uses of the various radiological procedures are emphasized. The student is taught to look upon the radiologist as a consultant in the various branches of medicine and surgery, rather than as a practitioner in a separate specialty. Dr. Roesler accomplishes this by having the student examine and discuss before the class numerous X-ray slides. Over sixty different subjects are covered throughout the year. These sessions with Dr. Roesler ore interspersed with conferences by Professor Chamberlain, Dr. Blaa’y. and Dr. Henny. Of. Young studies filrrn in his office Dr. Chamberlain demonstrates the apoaratus that he and Dr. Fay have devised for studying the physics of the cranium. His lecture on constipation will always be remembered os a Chamberlain masterpiece. Dr. Blady demonstrates the use of X-ray and radium in the treatment of cancer and Dr. Henny demonstrates his invention for finding lost radium. Or. Blody lectures on the uie of rodium ond X-ray therapy m the trootment of Cancer.OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY Professor Thaddeus Montgomery's senior conference in obstetrics and gynecology proves to be one of the most valuable conferences of the senior year. Every Saturday morning Dr. Montgomery or one of his staff conducts a clinic-conference on the important cases found on the obstetrical and gynecological words. The students are required to keep a note-book containing a summary of the coses presented throughout the year. Upon reviewing this note-book one finds that practically all of the important obstetrical and gynecological problems have been discussed. In addition, at the beginning of the year, the beloved Dr. Jesse Arnold, retired Professor of Obstetrics, discusses eclampsia and the Temple treatment. Dr. Arnold often sits in on these conferences during the year and is always a source of inspiration to the beginner in the field of obstetrics. Dr. Beecham reviews the tumors of the ovaries and Dr. Stewart presents a conference on the subject of infertility. Dr. Montgomery also presents a moving picture on contraception and its place in modern obstetrics. Many slides and pathological specimens are shown throughout the year to illustrate the cases presented. Dr. Stewart ditcvties infer-tillfy. Montgomery doet on abdominal o»om while Oiborne look on. Smith tvmmor zei the cate.CLINICS IN.... Or Kolmer preporei fof hi chemotheropy lecture Now, Lodie ond Genl'emon. in puerperal ep is hil hard O'1® promptly with tveopronai.l!” CHEMOTHERAPY As o continuation of his junior lectures in biotherapy. Dr. Kolmer gives a series of lectures on chemotherapy and its application to disease. After first reviewing the history and development of chemotherapy. Dr. Kolmer relates that, while any drug given to treat disease is really chemotherapy, he will confine his lectures to the more later drugs in the sulfon group in most cases. He first considers the entire group os a whole and then takes up the different diseases to which they are applicable. He gives the accepted dosages, drug preferred, indications for combined therapy, and contra indications for each disease considered. MEDICINE AT PGH Dr. Klein conducts the medical clinics at Philadel-hia General Hospital every Wednesday afternoon, ach week a case history is given to the student who then studies the case, makes his diagnosis, and writes a report supporting his diagnosis with a complete differential diagnosis included. The following Wednesday Dr. Klein selects four or five of the diagnoses and the students making them are invited into the pit to discuss the case. After many valuable points and pearls have been given, the pathology of.the cose is reviewed. There is an old saying that ' anything can happen at PGH" and usually does. Dr. Klein puzzle over Mallory' diagnosi of jickle cell anemia. Dr. Thomo Klein. Dr. Klein ond Hand di cu s Motllemon's diagnosis.Dr. Duront listens to o rheu-motic heort MEDICINE AT TUH Bv the time 4.00 P. M Friday ofternoon arrive! Abe find relief in sweet repose. The formal clinics in medicine at Temple University Hospital are held in gloomy old Erny Amphitheatre. These clinics are conducted by Professor Brown and his staff ond ore designed not only to advance the clinical experience ol the students but likewise to present in a practical manner the subjects of pathology and physiology of internal diseases. The clinical features of diseases ond differential diagnosis are emphasized in these clinics. Dr. Brown, with his vast clinical experience, began the clinics by presenting a case of hyperthyroidism and its associated problems. Drs. Durant and Lansbury then presented their usual practical and valuable clinics for which both men are noted. These were interspersed by clinics given by Dr. Ginsburg who always had some practical point to pass on. In December Dr. Duront started to divide the clinical hour between clinical heart cases and didactic work on the electrocardiogram. The case presented was always correlated with the fundamentals of the electrocardiograph thot were to be discussed. Dr. Durant again proved himself to be the teacher par excellence. Dr. Klem presented many of the Friday afternoon clinics and always had well prepared material for the discussion of each case. Or Farrar palpates for the spleen. Or. Ginsburg watches the health of the students ond presents un usvol clinics.Dr. Burnett Doints out o r jh» femorol and a left inguir.ol hernia on the same subject. Or. Babcock inspects a gross specimen of a recent gos-trectomy. SURGERY Two hours a week are devoted to surgical clinics in the senior year. Professor Babcock conducts the one from 5:00 to 6:00 P.M. every Tuesday and Dr. Burnett has charge of the one on Tuesday morning. In Dr. Babcock's Clinic, the interesting cases that have presented themselves to the surgical staff during the week are brought to the attention of the student. He then discusses the problems in diagnosis and treatment of the different cases and then tells what he has done or plans to do to relieve the situation. Many of the pathological specimens obtained during the week are displayed and slides are used to illustrate when necessory. Dr. Emory Burnett. professor of clinical surgery, in taking charge of the other surgical clinic on Tuesday, presents many chest cases as well as abdominal conditions. He reviews each case with the students as a new one and then different members of the class are asked to discuss the diagnosis and important points. Dr. Rosemond substitutes in Dr. Burnett's absence. Dr. Burnett reads the history. Dr. Burnett palpates the liver two fingers below the costal margin.PEDIATRICS Under the supervision of Professor Waldo E. Nelson, the senior student learns that the way to learn and enjoy pediatrics is by clinical study of the different pediatric conditions. For many of those long, didactic, junior lectures only gain their rightful prominence after Drs. Nelson and Anderson have presented an actual case in the clinic. Most of the cases presented are the more common diseases encountered in general practice and the ordinary pediatrical practice. Emphasis is placed upon differential diagnosis and management of the demonstrated cases. The clinic is conducted in such a monner that an important part of it is devoted to auizzing the individual senior on the differential diagnosis and treatment. Dr. Nelson presented such cases as gastro-enteritis. diabetes, erythema nodosum, tuberculosis, interstial pneumonia, meningitis, leukemia, glomerulo nephritis, Mediterranean anemia, heart diseases, respiratory problems, and pyelitis. Dr. Anderson reviewed delayed mental development, causes and treatment of diarrhea, and anemia of the new born. Dr. Lucchesi returned to present a review of anterior polyomyelitis. Dr. Bar-tram demonstrated a case of pyloric spasm and Dr. Kendall discussed the causes of cyanosis and stridor. These and many other cases made this one of the outstanding clinics of the year. Or. Nelson presents mony interesting pediatric clinics on Soturdoy mornings. Dr. Anderson conducts a clinic on the onemios. Dr. Nelson carries the discussion on ofter closs. Dr. Bertram examines Gloria in well baby clinic.CLINICAL CLERKSHIPS Or. leedom jupprviwi work in the Occident dispensary. Each day the senior students spend many hours acting in the capacity of clinical clerks. As such they have an opportunity to put into actual practice much of the knowledge obtained from lecture courses, clinics, conferences, and many hours of study. In the accident dispensary, under the supervision of the wise and amiable Dr. Leedham, seniors are kept busy treating cuts and bruises, strapping backs and ankles, removing stitches, changing dressings, and performing all the other tasks which are familiar to the dispensary. Dr. Leedhom’s quizzes on prescription writing are a daily occurrence—“Man 35 years of age complains of headache, pain in the abdomen, spots before his eyes, dizziness, ringing in the ears, and right foot falling osleep." Write a prescription containing three drugs! The surgical diagnosis clinic affords seniors opportunity to test their diagnostic acumen. Goitre, gall-bladder, hernia. Co. these and many other conditions are seen by the students, who take histories, do physical examinations on each, attempt to make correct diagnoses, and soon discover that few cases present the classical text-book picture. K «. Bf°' »«• Dr McC'eo regol®t Thomp oi Wolmsr onj Shugerr »ith on omuiing onccdofe. Learning how to diagnose and treat Buerger’s Disease is a special clinic devoted to this disease. The students are surprised, often indignant, os the patients offer much advice on the technique of intravenous injections. From members of the X-ray department, seniors receive excellent instruction in the proper methods of making and reading films. In genito-urinary clinic, seniors learn how to pass sounds, correctly, gently, painlessly—"So your patient doesn't try to climb right up the wall to the ceiling"; massage prostates, treat G.C. urethritis, and many other urological conditions. Hugely enjoy Dr. McCrae's stories and prolific -use of the synonym. In voricose vein clinic they inject veins, perform Trendelenberg tests, apply A.C.E. bandages, and Unno's Boots. Dr. Moore end Dr. Seifer supervise seniors in the orthopedic clinic. They see plenty of talipes, flat-feet, dislocated hips, learn technique of proper costing and soon discover they have forgotten much anatomy. Seniors learn how to do a complete eye examination in eye clinic, become skilled in use of the opthalmoscope and study modern treatment methods. A few trips to the Municipal Hospito' with Dr. Lucchesi provide seniors with first hand information on proper management of the patient with one of the contagious diseases. He may see anything from measles to leprosy. Dr Se lcr palpate a btoVcn mclotar o' Wall demonstrate a per,metric deter m'mot'O'v V-uccbeii e«ptain tt « Dt»«lV r RewroteGetting at the leal of the trouble. Livingifore looks deep into patient's ncrcs. Leonora gets o peek ot the normal ear drum. A profound discussion on impected cerumen. 3atoff tries to get a peak at those tonsils. Hemorrhoids, cryptitis, ischio-rectal abscesses— these and mony other conditions are seen by the seniors, who learn modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of proctologic conditions in rectal clinic. They become proficient in use of the ano-scope and sigmoidoscope. Receiving valuable training in the nose and throat clinic gives experience in the use of the head mirror, nasal speculum, and eustachian catheter. Seniors become proficient in the diagnosis and treatment of the many interesting diseases of the ear in otology clinic. Gain valuable training and experience in the use of the otoscope, on instrument almost indispensable to the modern practitioner of medicine. Students from the Temple undergraduote schools receive their routine physical examinations in the medical school at the hands of the senior students. They goin the benefit of going over mony normal,healthy young adults from head to foot. Occasionally the student is rewarded for his efforts in the form of a nice murmur, a beautiful pair of flat feet, or some other piece of choice pathology. They are not disappointed when the reward is not forthcoming. for they remember well, the oft-repeated words of Dr. Kay who taught them the essentials of physical diagnosis when they were Sophomores— Never tire of going over the normal chest." In the medical dispensary the senior student is provided with a small room where he receives his patient. He then becomes the 'doctor," equipped with office and patient. He records a careful history. does a thorough physical examination, arrives at a tentative diagnosis, and decides a proposed method of treatment. He then consults with some member of the staff, Dr. Farrar, Dr. Lansbury. Dr. Wood, Dr. Groff, or any one of the others, on his case. The consultant reviews the case, points out errors, offers helpful suggestions and advice, and Looks like Dr. Parror hos Collier and Chris-lion worried. Dr. GroH discusses cose with Posafko and Pfaltrgraff. Queeny and Pro»ell confer on a cardiac cose. The inimitable _ Dr Lansbury presenting chest cose os O'Brien and Nunnaley listen in. fently. Or. Wood explains a fever therop bo management of the patient is decided upon. This gives much valuable clinical experience in dealing with the problems of internal medicine. Dr. Wood delivers chatty, informal lectures on the increasingly timely topic of physiotherapy. He demonstrates the short-wave diathermy machines, ultraviolet and infra-red lamps, hydrotherapy equipment. and all the other "tricks of the trade" employed by the modern physiotherapist. Seniors are impressed that it is a valuable adjunct in the treatment of many conditions and Dr. Wood admits that the old familiar electric light sweat box has follen into disrepute and is no longer used, then slyly adds, except by internes with "hang-overs." In neurology clinic, seniors armed with percussion hammers, safety pins, flashlights, tuning forks, and dermatomere charts, ottack the interesting and complicated problems engendered by diseased states of the nervous system. Brain tumors. Aphasias. Friedrich's Ataxia. Oppenheim's Disease— these and many other conditions test the diagnostic skill of the neophytic neurologists. They ore given generous help and advice by Doctors Gilpin. Sloane. Van Meter. Scott. Silverstein and others of the Neurology deportment. Gastric clinic provides the seniors with on abundance of material with which to amplify their knowledge of diseases of the stomach. They study cose histories, pass stomach tubes, interpret gastric analyses, leorn the use of the gastroscope, listen to informal talks by Dr. Swalm and Dr. Horowitz. Psychiatric cases are jointly studied by either Dr. English or some member of his staff and the senior students. The patients ore interviewed, students participate in the questioning and obtain a working knowledge of the methods employed in thorough study of a psychiatric patient. They are impressed by the fact that one should possess as complete an understanding of the mental ills as of the physical. All forms of chest pathology pass in review be- Or. English amusingly digresses. Mhyre posting stomach lubes Or. Cohen pointing out a bit of lung pathol ogy.Dr. Wolf wifh students in cordiology clinic. Dr. Koy at the bedside wish o group ot seniors. fore the observant seniors in chest clinic. . . . atelectasis, tuberculosis, pneumothorax, emphysema. and other forms of pulmonary diseases are studied. Seniors gain much valuable experience from the careful examinations under the supervision of Dr. Louis Cohen and others. Problems of the heart, medically speaking, receive the undivided attention of the seniors in cardiology clinic. Under the able tutelage of Dr. Wolf and Dr. Roessler they spend many hours studying cardiac cases. At Episcopal Hospital. Dr. Kay reviews with seniors. the essentials of physical diagnosis which he taught them as Sophomores. They are dismayed frequently, in dermatology clinic, when they can't seem to remember—"Let's see now. was it supposed to have central clearing with gray scales, or was that the one with the silver scales and red edges?" Of. Guequirre bets this one is o tinea capitis. Dr. Wohl discusses an endocrine cose. Dr Tufls flits syringe os Bonier looks on in-tently. Or. Rayburn giving Hoy Fever "shot.-Busy in She pre-nofol clinic. Or Amsterdam does o pelvic. Joviol Or. Hoberman palpoles the fvndvs. Dr. Wohl in endocrine clinic, by presentation of selected coses, straightens the seniors out on the diseases of the ductless glands. In immunology clinic, they listen to informal discussions on advanced immunology, study cases, and skin test hay fever patients. Senior students find the obstetrics and gynecology clinic to be one of the best organized and most efficiently handled in the out patient department. The senior is given the opportunity to deal with all types of obstetrical and gynecological problems. He does routine histories and physicals on prenatal cases, examines the postnatal patient, and learns to treat gynecological diseases. Regular examinations to check weight gain, blood pressure, and the signs and symptoms of toxemia are done by the senior student. He then gets to examine the postnatal patient and to follow the changes and complications following delivery. The work with the gynecology patient consists in taking histories, doing physical examinations, pelvic examinations, taking smears and cultures, and in general gynecological work. It is here that he learns to use the speculum, to cauterize the cervix, insufflate for trichomoniasis. and to recognize the different lesions. The student is carefully supervised by Professor Montgomery and his staff, including Drs. Alesbury, Beecham, Stewart. Lomax, Hoberman. Friday.Miller, Quindlen. Halford, Ryan, Amsterdam, Foreman, Savitz, and Minehart. Quiet, soft spoken, popular Dr. Stewart reviews the endocrinology of the female genital tract, explains the pregnancy of the pregnancy tests, and demonstrates the actual tests. Dr. Beecham covers the tumors of the female tract and attendance at the weekly tumor conferences is required. In the smoothly run Pediatrics clinic, seniors, under the supervision of members of the staff, meet for the first time the types of problems that may confront them many times in the years to come, the baby has a rash, it doesn't gain weight, cries too much, eats too much or else not enough, and so on. He soon learns that no matter what the complaint, the formula is probably at fault, and that if you add or subtract the right amount of milk, sugar or water the baby's ills will probably vanish, or else they won't and then is when the going gets tough. They attend pediatric conferences on Thursdays and participate in the discussion of interesting cases. In Hematology clinic the patients seen by the senior students are pernicious anemia, nine times out of ten. Students do the routine examination, write progress notes, work up new cases, give liver injections, discuss cases with Dr. Farrar. Dr. Konzel-mann, Dr. Wood, or some other member of the medicine department. The student expects to find all sorts of blood diseases and is surprised to find only P.A. He soon finds the answer. All the anemias Dr, Nelson with his Pediatric Conference.Mony hands make light work. The thrill of o lifetime—assisting Or Babcock. A tense moment in the O. R and leukemias of childhood are taken care of by the pediatricians: the medicine department treats the ordinary secondary anemias, purpuras, and the like: leukemias and Hodgkin’s are over in X-ray: Banti's, congenital hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenic purpura are probably over in the house having their spleens removed. On surgical assist, seniors take their places at the operating toble. For some it is the first experience in the O.R.. for those ambitious of becoming famous surgeons, if is the most glorious period of their entire four years in medical school. For all, a thrilling and inspiring experience. They learn proper methods of scrubbing, of donning gown and gloves, considerable modern operative technique, and that the retractor is held with the cerebrum as well os the hand. The day spent assisting in the "front room" with Dr. W. Wayne Babcock. Professor of Surgery, is one to remember. Seniors ore amazed at his tremendous store of pep and vitality. He operates from eight till four, no time off for lunch, dictates operative notes, holds conferences and clinics. On the anesthesia service they administer various types of anesthesia, under the supervision of an anesthetist. They take operative notes from the surgeon and when not occupied with these duties, are required to observe the operation. Here they gain much practical and valuable experience which will prove to be of great value in the interneship days to come.On pediatrics service in the hospital, seniors are on 24-hour call. They interview parents, get the history, do physical examinations in the ward, later do complete blood counts and urinalyses on each patient to whom they are assigned. Every morning they are met by some member of the department, discuss, informally, the interesting cases in the word at the time. Are impressed with the necessity for the conduct of sterile technique on the ward. Seniors who have their medicine service at Temple University Hospital ore assigned to new admissions. They ore required to do complete case studies, including histories, physicals and lab work. They are met by members of the medicine department for informal chats concerning coses of interest on the wards and make daily ward rounds. ' Grand Rounds’ are mode with Dr. Charles Brown and his staff, every Saturday. The student thus gains much clinical experience applying their "book learning" at the bed-side. The surgicol diagnosis service enables seniors to study surgical coses. They do histories, physicals, lab work, follow their patients to the O.R., and observe his course post-operatively. In addition there are daily informal conferences with staff members in which cases are discussed. The seniors soon learn that on Babcock Ward, a physical exam which doesn't include a rectal is worthless. Dr Nclton tretting a point. the rT,0 't or»d gown mow1 On Pediatric"MERRY-GO-ROUND" On the Merry-Go-Round" seniors reolly go for a "ride." Miss Brigman is at the controls, also takes the "tickets." This busy hospital service embraces the following: gynecology, urology, proctology, neurology, and orthopedics. Students are assigned to cases on each and may get one or two a day. Histories, physicals, and laboratory studies are done and in between cases, they attend informal talks and demonstrations by staff members representing each specialty. The rest of the time in a great mony cases is spent in the student laboratory, repeating red counts for Miss Spearing, the pleasant, ever-smiling, competent, skilled technician. Seniors on this service learn that gynecology includes a great deal more than P.I.D.; proctology doesn't mean just hemorrhoids: urology implies more than simply G.C. urethritis. He learns to more fully appreciate the value of fluid balance on the neurology ward. Among other things on orthopedics service, seniors discover that the right time to set a fracture is Tuesday morning. They become more or less experts in doing red, white and differential blood counts, also urinalyses, skillfully executing the difficult "sink" test. It is a busy ride they take on this "Merry-Go-Round," but at the same time seniors hail it as one of the most interesting, educational and enjoyable—even if there isn't a brass ring. 1 Thompson goes over on orthopedic cose. 2 The student lob in the hospital. 3 Definitely, a vrologic problem. S Dr. Stewart goes over o gyre patient with group.On the insido Obstetric Service seniors receive on obundonce of volu-oble instruction end procticol oxperi-enco. They work in groups of two ond live in the hospitol while on service, taking turns going out for their meals, so that one of them is available at all times. As soon as they come on service they are instructed in the correct manner of performing the routine daily examinations, of the importance of keeping the charts up to date ond learn how to write the routine orders. They are warned of the danger of being caught writing up charts at the nurses station, or engaging student nurses in conversation, by O certain floor supervisor. Whon these matters have been attended to, they usually retire to their quorters to await that first cose. Usually the flip of a coin decides which one will get tho first delivery. Then it hoppens —the nurse knocks on tho door, announces that there is o new admission and somebody had better hurry over to soe her. The ono who won the toss quickly slips into 0 clean white gown ond those new white moccasins he bought especially for this occasion and rushes over to the labor room, relioved to discover that the situation does not demond urgent attention. He then does the history and physical examination, calls the interne on service to check over his work, ond oventually decides that the patient is ready for delivery. The student calls the doctor who is on OB. service. an anesthetist, and the junior obstetrics section who will watch him do his first delivery. In the delivery room, he ond his partner scrub up. anxiously watching thoir patient. This is o big event in his life and nothing must go wrong. The patient is carefully draped, the parts cleaned well with sterile solutions. and then under the watchful eyes of the "chief." the young obstetrician successfully delivers his first case. He makes sure the baby is broathinq. His portner clamps and cuts the cord, and is responsible for the core of the cord stump and the eyes. Following delivery the student massages the fundus till he is sure it is firmly contracted, takes blood pressure ond pulse ot regular intervols. Thus the medical studont delivers his first baby. Scrubbing up before the delivery. Cleanse the porlj well. Steady—ihe head is crowning. About to clomp the cord. Application of the belly band. Massaging the uterus ofter delivery.PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL SERVICE Each Wednesday afternoon seniors journey out to the Philadelphia General Hospital, where they attend ward sections in neurology, urology, surgery, pothology, medicine and gynecology. They are not long in finding out that at P.G.H. anything can happen—and usually does. From the neurology wards. Dr. Taeffner brings some of the most interesting and classical patients, for study and observation by the students. Dr. Astley and Dr. Thompson present interesting surgical cases, quiz the students, deliver informal talks on diagnosis ond treatment of surgical conditions. The pathology sections attend autopsies. There they study gross morbid anatomy and discuss the clinical side of each case. For his medicine sections, Dr. Kline gives short, snappy, informal lectures and brings patients from the wards to demonstrate points brought out in his lecture. Students go over each case and take away with them much clinical information. Dr. Hersey Thomas with his assistant "Babe." presents mcny classic urologic cases to the seniors. The Babe" hates formality and never wears gloves. Dr. Forman brings before the students many interesting gynecologicol cases. Ov '° mo Of. Hefshsy Thomas demon-strotes patient to Urology section. When on Medicine Service with Dr. Thomas Durant at P.G.H. seniors literally eat, sleep, and drink" medicine. They are assigned to cases on the wards which they work up completely. Each student presents his cose to the entire group the following day, the presentation is interspersed with salient and pertinent remarks by the young and popular Dr. Duront. There follows a very thorough discussion of the case from the standpoint of etiology, diagnosis, differentia' diagnosis, and treatment. Students moke word rounds with Dr. Brown once a week. A novel and enjoyable feature of this service is Dr. Durant's "Luncheon Club" every day. Students take lunch with the doctor and meet him on a socicl basis. Each day a student reads a scientific paper on some phase of internal medicine. The chief topic of conversation—you guessed it -medicine. ito" JEWISH HDS Seniors oct os clinicol clerks in the words and dispensaries of the Jewish Hospital for eight weeks. They do complete case studies on patients, including laboratory work, and present them to the entire group. The clinical conferences with Dr. J. C. Doane are most interesting and provide students with a plethora of valuable clinicol tid-bits found in no text book. They attend ward classes under Drs. Kauders, B. Gouley, J. Weiner. Kravitz. and E. Abramson.PITAL SERVICE Drs. Adlin. A. Kotz and A. Rosenfeld present a very informative short course in applied therapeutics. Seniors wouldn't miss that pediotric conference with Dr. S. Goldberg. It’s tops. They attend clinico-pathologic conferences with Dr. D. Fishback. physical diagnosis section with Dr. N. Blumberg, vascular disease conference with Dr. A. Rosenfeld.EAGLEVILLE SANATORIUM The institutional care of tuberculosis is demonstrated at the Eagle-ville Sanatorium by Dr. A. J. Cohen.FHISHMAM YEAR 1. Anatomy Me t linen Ka riHeurt Trial 1. Lecture 33 33 30 Laboratory 136 112 247 Vaoeral Neuro 6 32 77 Lecture 32 32 Lobararaty 32 32 t Chemistry 50 46 ICS 4. Laboratory 90 60 170 3. Hletok-gy and Erofcryolo-jr 60 Lecturer 60 6. Labcralory 4. HUlccy ol Medicine 90 IS 93 16 7. S. Medical Correlation IS 16 6 1. L ctu?w 46 laboratory 96 96 7. Psychiatry 9 9 9. H. X-ray IS 16 31 SOPHOMORE YEAR Lecture Laboratory Lecture Field Work 20 Total hour in U Ireihmor. year 109 Lecture Laborasory General Lecture Genera! Laboratory Hern Hwn Hzun Hrun Ho us tbM Total Re«M TtUH Total TrhmW Man 7nfi« t 7iu»»«-ei fine 2D Oaucol lecture 10 10 a Gatiooi Laboratory a so 40 40 10. Phattnacolo-gy IU Lecture .. 20 40 60 laboratory X w go 10 10 20 n II. Physical Kagnoel 2D 20 40 LonurtM to ID 10 » 10 10 Frac cal Week a a a 60 10 10 a 12. Physiology in in y, One ml Lecture .. so 60 IV IU Meuto Lectute 10 10 10 10 a 1 oboratory •.... .. 60 so U. PrcTMitrr Medicine .. » a 10 30 10 a 14. Peychlnlry 10 10 a 16. Surgery (minor) 10 10 20 50 n — 40 ISO iso fi I JW 1000:OR YEAR Applied AaHoBy Adroncad Phyncal Diagnoeu sod ioltheChe.1 Lecture P.GH dune ... . Broncho atephogology Cardiology Dennoiology and SrphUo Hjr Gynecology Lecture CUnloal Clerkrtup Leeturo QtniCT Chrucal Qarkahrp Neurology Lecturna Qinta at PGH fltiwul CWbhl[a OfaaMika Lecture . Clinic . and Ccr.ierrmae CHnxnl Clerkship t Orthopedic leeturee .......... CJinicoJ OetUhip 1 Otology 22 7 ( S 10 30 » • 62 3! 68 31 31 32 62 8 31 31 8 IS It Pathology (Special] Moan 43 IS. Podwtne. Leeturee a CSauea! Clarkahipe 36 It . Ja 1 Jin , IS Leeturee Clinical Oetk»h:fj 6 IT. P rc doUT 31 II. Radio logy 31 19. Rhino laryngology IS 20. Su»9»nf .. 102 Leeturee .OMn ..... . 31 Coohmon SS Clinical Qerkshipr .. 66 XI. Therapeutic 21 22. Urology IS Lecture .... Conical Gerkalup 6 Total hour in the tumor year 1081 SENIOR YEAR 1. CHatnolherapy 8 2. Deontology CorJerenctn 9 Clinical Clerkihife .. 10 3. Medicare Led urea to Clinic 90 CUrscol Oscsships PGM Mstfcans Ssrstcs Jwish Hoscrtal 5srrlc I Neurology ®d Neurosurgery Ucta« Ccnistoncas ........... CWuhipt PGH Neurology S fK» i. Obstetrics and Gynecology CottlsretlOW........... Chnical Clerkships’ Obstetrical Dsluery S rv« (ovg I PGM. Gynecology Service Clmical CSer'tshlpe 7. Orthopedics Lectures Clinical Clerkships ». Otology Conferences Clinical Clerkships ■ Pathology Chn.capa'hcioycnl Conference PGH Moon 10. r»Mci CtMcs............. Clinical Clerkship!‘ Iwnh Hasptal Psdwtnc 1 6 9 112 30 ■ 12 I » 38 100 I C w rri Qflrkshipa «a«ry direct Clerkship Conferences Qlrscnl Oerksktys 30 12 5 e 31 ■ X X 10 ■ n s 4ms lx MtluSs Ike 11. It It 18- _ Conference Oiroffil Qtfkihtpa It Surgery Lecture Conference Clinics .,............ PGH Surgery Semnoe Clinical Clerkships It Therapeutics 17. Otology CeuA cai rUrtrfiira PGH Urology Some Tctai hours m the eerucr yoar ... Total bouts in the lumor year Total bouts in the aophooors yoar Total bouts i Tbs total bouts m lout yam . 7 . 23 • 8 8 31 X 61 16 72 8 . 8 . 10 isis 1081 1000 10W 090THE CLASS DF 1942iZLrt 2). JULn Robert Donkin Allen was born in Auburn, California, May 21, 1916, however, the Northwest with its lure of lakes and mountains made Seattle, Washington, his home. He attended Garfield High School, and the University of Washington in Seattle. Allen's first two years of medicine were spent at Wake Forest College in North Carolina where he received his B. S. degree after his first year. Not only the art of Aesculapius, but the music of Orpheus have animated the personality of Allen, who is a virtuoso of the pianoforte in his own right, and an admirer of Rachmaninoff and Debussy. His interests also include color photography, and his Kodochrome of the Northwest does justice to its natural beauty. Allen is a member of Phi Chi Fraternity. He held a junior interneship at Temple Hospital, and goes this year to King County Hospital in Seattle, Washington.PoJ3.jU, rode In Pittsfield, Massachusetts, in the heart of the Berkshire Mountains, on Christmas day, 1915, Paul Ambrose began his career. After attending Pittsfield High School he matriculated at Dartmouth College where he received his B. A. in 1938. At Dartmouth, Paul was a member of Zeta Alpha Phi, local Scientific Honorary. He turned to vix medicatrix at Temple where he has been a member of Babcock Surgical Society, treasurer of AKK Medical Fraternity for two years, and a member of the circulation staff of the Skull. Junior interneship was at St. Luke’s in Pittsfield, and senior interneship will be at St. Vincent's in Bridgeport, Connecticut. A typical bouncing baby boy, Jack first saw the light of day in DuBois, Pa., on September 28, 1916. At a later date his family moved to Elkland, Pa. He attended Bucknell University and was graduated in 1938. According to Jack his interests there were numerous and varied, not the least of which was his effort in the field of pugilism. After several fine ring performances, he woke up one night at the University of Pittsburgh flat on his back, staring through glassy eyes at the overhead ring lights. Next day he hung up his gloves. He is a member of the Alpha Kappa Kappa Medical Fraternity and will interne ot the Williamsport Hospital, Williamsport, Pa.Witton A Batoff Milt was born on August 3, 1915 in South Philadelphia, the youngest of a rather large family. For a long time he was uncertain in the choice of a career, but upon leaving Temple with an A.B. in 1937 he felt that medicine was to be his first love. Always a diligent worker, he spent most of his spare time os an assistant pharmacist, and in his last sumer at Med School he was a beach doctor in Atlantic City. He joined Phi Lambda Kappa and really learned about extra-curricular activities. He will interne at Mount Sinai Hospital in Philadelphia.Rated J4. Eect Robert Houck Beck was born in Huntingdon, Po., traditional for the Standing Stone Legend of Juniata Valley. Bob forsook his father’s profession, law, for that of his uncle, who hod been a former student of Babcock and Roxby. Beck received a B. S. degree from Juniata College in 1938. He believes in learning medicine from the ground up, and so has spent the last four summers in the local cemetery digging graves and getting some hindsight on the profession. In 1938 he married Betty Ruth Stouffer. Bob spends his spare time fishing for trout and bass, and collecting old books. Interneship is ot Lancaster Generol Hospital, in Lancaster, Pennsylvania.Ben, os he is known to all of us, was delivered into this world in Newark, New Jersey, on August 14, 1915. As soon as he regained his birth weight he was whisked to the home of his parents in East Orange, N. J. Matriculated at Mercersburg Academy and was graduated from Dartmouth College in 1938 after four years of science, snow, skiing, and winter carnivals. Married Miss Mildred V. Herdman, a graduate of the Temple Hospital School of Nursing, on July 12, 1941. He was president of the Alpha Kappo Kappa Fraternity in his senior year. His junior interneship was spent at St. Vincent's Hospital, New York City, and returns to St. Vincent’s for his senior interneship.csCeuuis Lewis Wilson Berry was delivered into this world September 20, 1916, by the only M. D. in the Osteopathy center, Kirksville, Missouri. He lived in Long Beach, California, from 1923 to 1928, but Wenatchee, Washington, home of the world-famed Wenatchee Apple, is his home town. Berry attended the University of Washington, graduating in 1938 with a B. S. in Anatomy. This exponent of boogie-woogie collects early jaxx and "good swing" records. He is a member of AKK Medical Fraternity. He was married to Marjorie Dorothea Foreman in February of 1941 and is now the proud father of Lewis W. Berry III. Junior interneship was at Seattle General Hospital, and he goes this year to St. Vincent’s Hospital in New York City. W. Eenj yt)auicl .5. (J3ew On January 5, 1916, David Fitzsimmons Bew arrived in this world on the shores of the stormy Atlantic in Atlantic City, New Jersey. He attended the public schools of that city and his summers were spent striving to emulate Johnny Weismuller's swimming ability. He spent his college years at Duke University, where he was on the swimming team and a member of Phi Kappa Psi. After three years at Duke he started his medical career at Temple. The first week in June, 1939, was one that Dave will long remember as he married Jeannette Chapman on June 3, 1939, and two days later received his A. B. degree from Duke University. The Bews are now proud possessors of one daughter, Elizabeth. At Temple he has chosen Phi Chi for his medical fraternity. He spent his junior interneship as beach surgeon at Margate City Beach Emergency Hospital and goes to the Atlantic City Hospital for his senior interneship. ■ Rickard R Bokk This disciple of Schopenhauer was ushered info this ethereal plane on April 18, 1918, in Herndon, Pennsylvania, famous as the birthplace of J. Richard R. Bobb. Dick attended Lykens High School in Lykens, Pennsylvania, and Lafayette College, graduating with Bachelor of Arts summa cum laude in 1938. In college he was on the rifle and pistol teams, a member of Kappa Sigma Fraternity and Phi Beta Kappa. Following in his father's footsteps, who was a member of the Class of 1919, he entered Temple Medical School. Bobb's quiet dignity and proficiency is echoed by his credo, Per asper ad astro. He says he spent last summer at the Harrisburg State Hospital— as a junior interne? Senior interneship will be at the York Hospital, York, Pennsylvania.joL 2). onzer Mayor Bonzer's son, John D., was born in Lidgerwood, North Dakota, on October, 1918. He attended Lidgerwood High School, and was a member of Sigma Chi Fraternity at the University of North Dakota, where he received an A. B. degree in 1939, and a B. S. in 1940. This modern Eros, master of the affaire de coeur, favourite of every Dulcinea, with his captivating faire I'aimable, was voted "Dream Man" by the girls of North Dakota. His first two years of medical school were spent at the University of North Dakota. He is a member of Phi Beta Pi Medicol Fraternity. Junior in-terneship was at the Atlantic City Hospital, where he returns this year.JranL 12. Be oyei Frank Roosevelt Boyer began life in Allentown, Pennsylvania, on November 16, 1917. His early schooling was in the Allentown High and he then entered Muhlenberg where he received his bachelor of science degree in June of 1938. In college he was a member of Phi Kappa Tau Fraternity, president of the Interfraternity Council, in the band, and a member of the Premedical Society. Since coming to Med School several summers have been spent as a park roller coaster operator. Boyer plays the piano for amusement and is an ardent midget auto racing fan. He also does a little racing of his own in his time honored model T. He is a member of Babcock Surgical Society and Phi Chi Medical Fraternity. Last summer he held a junior interneship in Allentown General Hospital where he will return for senior service.Robert (J3raifman This quiet lod was born on the first day of March in 1917 in our own Philadelphia. He spent his early years in ambitious study and industrious work in various odd jobs. He made varsity football when he attended West Philadelphia High School. In college (Temple) he was honored with bids from the Hammond Pre-Medical Society and the Pyramid Honor Society. He graduated in '38 with a B. S. and took up his serious life work at our School, with only the poetical call of music and nature to fill his hours of relaxation. Service with the Atlantic City Beach Patrol in '41 prepared him for his interneship at Mount Sinai Hospital in his native city. He is a member of Phi Lambda Kappa Medical Fraternity.KoLrt C. town At Pottsville, Pennsylvania, in the heart of the anthracite coal region, on January 22, 1917, Mr. and Mrs. Edgar Brown were rejoicing over the arrival of their first-born, Robert. Never ceasing to be a source of amazement to his parents, Bob spent his youth in Pottsville and attended the local schools. College days at the Pennsylvania State College were occupied by study and swimming; a member of the varsity swimming team for three years. A member of the Alpha Kappa Kappa Medical Fraternity, his junior interneship was at the Reading Hospital. He will senior interne at the National Naval Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland.William C. B rown First saw light of day in Newtown, Pennsylvania, on July 13, 1916. He was educated in the Newtown schools and then traveled to Durham, North Carolina, to receive his A. B. degree from Duke in 1938. While at Duke he played in both the band and the orchestra. Even the‘mightiest must fall, so Bill married Margaret C. Fillmore on September 10, 1941. At Temple he is affiliated with the Phi Chi Medical Fraternity and the Babcock Surgical Society. He served his junior interneship at Abington Memorial Hospital and goes back there for his senior interneship. He is interested in internal medicine. iver run Oliver Hooper Brundoge was born September 30, 1917, in Upland, Pennsylvania. He attended Chester High School and Duke University, where he graduated with an A. B. degree in 1938. He was a member of Kappa Sigma Fraternity and Duke Pre-Medical Society. At the drop of a hat he can name the six animals that do not have gall bladders. He spent the summer of '38 and '39 working in the Sun Oil Company Laboratories, the summer of ’40 in the Chester Hospital, and the summer of '41 in the Taylor Hospital. He is the secretary of Phi Chi Medical Fraternity and a member of Babcock Surgical Society. On Decembor 25, 1941, he was married to Gertrude Spellacy. Interneship will be at the Bryn Mawr Hospital in Bryn Mawr, Pennsylvania.2x umcjardner Heath Denton Bumgardner was born on August 19, 1916, in Mount Holly, North Carolina, but spent most of his youth in Stanley, North Carolina, where he learned his three R's and attended Stanley High School. His pre-medical work and two years of his medical school career were spent at Wake Forest College. He hod more than the usual number of proverbial irons in the collegiate fires as he was active in basketball, orchestra, Sigma Pi Social Fraternity, Omicron Delta Kappa National Honorary Fraternity, the Golden Bough Scholarship Fraternity, president of the student body in '39, and chosen for the Collegiate Who's Who in '39 and '40. He has spent his summers playing in college orchestras and music is his favorite pastime. He served his junior interneship at the Philadelphia State Hospital and stays at Temple University Hospital for his senior interneship.£(Lt D. Busk, A Elliot T. Bush, Jr. was born on February 10, 1916 in Elmira, New York. It was here, in the town that Mark Twain conceived his immortals Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn, that he spent his youth. Preceded by a great-grandfather, a grandfather, and a father in the medical profession, he arrived on earth with a caduceus in one hand and the oath of Hippocrates in the other. His early education was obtained in the Elmira Free Academy. He then took his pre-medical work at Cornell. Here he was active in golf and tennis and a member of the Sigma Alpho Epsilon Social Fraternity. He spent the summer of 1933 touring France and England. His other summers have been spent in the Elmira Hospital and had his junior interneship at the Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City. He expects to take his senior interneship in Toronto. Canada.Jl.S.C ciicinova -2). ICIZ Casanova journeyed far from his native land to seek his medical education. For he was born on June 23, 1918. in Barceloneta. Puerto Rico. He first got his inspiration to follow the life of an Aesculapean from his uncle, Dr. M. Diaz-Garcia, who was one of the leading surgeons of the island. After attending the Arecibo High School, Casanova graduated with honors and a B. S. degree from the University of Puerto Rico in Rio Piedras. He has spent his summers on the sugar plantation of his grandfather, swimming and "resting." At Temple his outstanding scholarship and friendliness have mode him one of the eminent members of the setiior class. He is a member of the Babcock Society and the Phi Chi Medical Fraternity and will serve his senior interne-ship at Temple University Hospital. XL n 2). (Christian Christian, a smilin’ son of the South, was born in the heart of the cotton, peanut, and tobacco country, Rocky Mount, North Carolina, on November 19, 1918. Like all Southerners he never bothered wearing shoes until he went to Wake Forest College. While there he was a member of the '35 and ’36 boxing teams, Pi Gamma Sigma, and graduated with a 8. S. in Medicine in 1939. He has spent his summers at a boys' camp in North Carolina and working in a hotel at Virginia Beach. He likes to play bridge, golf, and tennis. He came to Temple in his junior year and served his junior interneship at Rocky Mount Sanitarium in North Carolina. He returns to the scenes of his college days at Wake Forest Medical School, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, for his senior service. He is a member of Phi Chi Medical Fraternitv Edward W. Closson, Jr., was born September 7, 1914, in Lambertville, New Jersey. He attended Solebury School, New Hope, Pennsylvania, and Cornoll University, played polo and baseball, and graduated with a bachelor of science degree. Closson has spent his summers working with his brother on their 200-acre form in New Jersey, and managed to find time for fishing and sailing on the side. This son of the soil has two hobbies: horses, and farming. Interneship will be in the Methodist Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.a more m cut, j . Elmore calls Clarksburg, West Virginia, his home town for he was born there November 29, 1916. He spent most of his youth there except for several years he resided in Norfolk, Virginia. He attended St. Mary's High School in Clarksburg and later received his A. B. and B. S. degree from West Virginia University. He is affiliated with Alpha Epsilon Delta, Phi Beta Pi, Phi Delta Theta, and the Newman Club. Elmore transferred to Temple after his sophomore year. His summer vacations have been spent in Reserve Officers' Camps and in the works laboratory and control laboratory of the National Carbon Company, Clarksburg, West Virginia. He will serve his senior interneship at the Wheeling Hospital, Wheeling, West Virginia. amei 5 (Collier The son of a fine physician, James Collier was born on February 4, 1916, of Susquehanna, Pa. He spent most of his youth in Connecticut and New Jersey. Attended Holy Cross College, where he was very active in campus publications. He graduated June, 1937. Jim has spent many of his summers working as a reporter in Camden, N. J. His favorite sport, and one at which he excels, is tennis. He is a member of Alpha Kappa Kappa Medical Fraternity and served his junior interneship at Lankenau Hospital, Philadelphia. Will serve his senior interneship at Cooper Hospital, Camden. N. J.Qtenn W. CorLti In 1847 Brigham Young led the first movement of the Mormons to Utah. In 1849 the grandparents of Glenn Corbett, who were originally from Maine, cut grooves through the sagebrush with a wheeled cart train across the plains and settled in Utah. Glenn's father moved to Idaho in 1890 and Glenn Corbett was born in Grace, Idaho, on February I, 1915. He attended Grace High School and the University of Idaho, Southern Branch, at Pocatello, receiving a B. S. degree in Pharmacy. After one year of graduate work at the University of Idaho he attended the University of Utah, School of Medicine, from 1938 to 1940. Glenn is an angler at heart and he can cast a wicked fly for a six-pound rainbow trout in those Idaho streams. Interneship is in the Hospital of the Good Samaritan, Los Angeles, California.L riAAman Cris was born on September 16, 1914, in Siloam, North Carolina. Four years later his family moved to Pittsboro, North Carolina, where he has lived ever since. He has spent his summers raising tobacco on his father's tobacco plantation. He is on authority on the scientific methods of tobacco farming and finds it a very profitable pastime. Due to long hours of working with the weights he has become quite on Atlas and wields a mean indian club. He is a member of Phi Rho Sigma Medical Fraternity and will goto Atlantic City General Hospital to complete his training.K.Cu Preston Royal Cutler was born February 3, 191 I, in Hyrum, Utah, attended West High School in Salt Lake City, and the University of Utah. Following his father, a general practitioner, and a brother in medicine, he entered the University of Utah School of Medicine before coming to Temple. Cutler enjoys hiking and horseback riding among the peaks of Mt. Olympus and Mt. Timpanogas, from which vistas one develops a perspective of the insignificance of man. He has spent his summers employed as a resort doctor. On August 28, 1941, he was married to Virginia A. Wiggill. He is a member of Phi Chi Medical Fraternity. Interneship will be in the Baltimore City Hospital, Baltimore. Maryland.Russell was born in the City of Brotherly Love on December 3, 1917. He lived here for three years and then moved to Glenside, Pennsylvania, from 1920 to 1925. Returning to Philadelphia he received his early education in the local schools and Olney High. He then entered Temple University for his pre-medical work and received his B. S. degree in 1939, after his first year in medical school. He has spent his summers working in the Edward G. Budd Manufacturing Plant and courting Mary. Last summer was spent at the Episcopal Hospital of this city, where he returns to do his senior interneship. He is to marry Mary Heim in June.Un 2)e Stefc ano John is a native son of Philadelphia, having been born here on July 7, 1912. He attended the South Philadelphia High School for Boys and then graduated from the Temple School of Pharmacy in 1932. He then decided that he also wanted to do the prescribing and went back to Temple to get his B. S. degree in 1938. While in medical school he has spent his "spare time" working as a pharmacist and in the dark room. All who know John have faced his camera at one time or another. He has been the photographic editor of the 1942 Skull and most of its pictures verify his skill. He will serve his senior interneship at Montgomery Hospital, Norristown, Pennsylvania.QJLrt J4.2)iJJ Gilbert Diehl was born on the 18th of May, 1916, in the Western Pennsylvania town of Butler. He graduated from Butler High School and then attended Grove City College, Grove City, Pennsylvania, where he received his B. S. degree in Chemistry. While in college he was a member of the Grove City Pre-Medical Society, Adelphikos Social Fraternity, Science Club, and editor of his college year book. "Forsaking all others" he married Nancy Simons on August 17, 1940. The summer of '39-'40 was spent in the laboratory of the Butler County Memorial Hospital. Last summer he served his junior interneship at Polk State Hospital and is going to Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, for his senior interneship. He is a member of Alpha Kappa Kappa Medical Fraternity and is the editor of the 1942 Skull. JJ-elen £1. lues tro Helen is one of fhe fortunate members of our class who saw something of the old world before it was ravaged by World War II. She was born in Philadelphia on May 10, 1918, and attended Collegio della Montellate in Florence, Italy. She lived in Florence during the winters of 1930-32 and traveled in both Italy and France at that time. During the summer of 1937 she lived in Grenoble. France, and when she returned to Philadelphia she attended St. Leonard's Academy and then graduated from Rose-mon College in June, 1938, with a B. A. degree. She is following her brother into the field of medicine. She will interne at Misericordia Hospital in Philadelphia.er Christopher Royer Donoho was born October II, 1915, in the little hamlet of Merchantville, New Jersey. He spent his early years amid these rustic surroundings, eventually graduating from Merchantville High School. Following his father's footsteps he attended the University of Delaware for his pre-medical work. Here he played varsity tennis for four years, dabbled in dramatics, and became a member of Sigma Nu Fraternity. Here, also, he met Dorothea Elizabeth Thiel who was to become his wife. He received his A.B. degree in 1938 and initiated the study of medicine in the same year. Following his first year at Temple, Roy took the nuptial vows on June 24, 1939. Since then his time has been occupied in the marts of trade and the Delaware Hospital where he will take his senior interneship. His prime interest is pediatrics.flommu 3. tZandaM Ctti lion Nomma was born in Murray, Utah. She attended high school at St. Anthony, Idaho, which was followed by a college course that oscillated from major to minor and back again. She then decided to follow in her father's footsteps and get an M.D. She has spent her summers camping in Yellowstone National Park and the interesting work of blending foster families. Her greatest pride is her collection of illustrated children’s books, of humorous and biographic texts. She has chosen psychiatry os the field for future endeavor. In June 1941 she married her classmate, George E. Randall, and travels across the country with him to take her senior interneship at the Good Samaritan Hospital in Portland, Oregon.James Theodore English saw the light of day on July 22, 1914, in North Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. At the age of three weeks his soldier father left for France and World War I, and residence was changed to Everett, Washington, in the shadow of the Cascades and the Olympics. Ted attended Everett High School and the University of Washington, where he received his Bachelor of Science degree in 1938. A desire to see what lies beyond the next hill has taken him through most of the 48 states, and this same morbid curiosity has led to the pursuit of tinkering, or by a stretch of the imagination, research. He is a member of Kappa Sigma Social Fraternity, the University of Washington Club of Philadelphia, was class representative to the A. M. S. convention in 1938, and is associate editor of the Skull. Interneship is in the San Francisco County Hospital of the University of Stanford Medical School Service.ran rmilio A native of the city of Philadelphia, Frank first started his life here on November 17, 1916. As the son of a tailor, he decided to sew his stitches in human dermis instead of gabardine, tweed, or covert. Frank graduated from Overbrook High School and then traveled across the country to Loyola University in Los Angeles for his first college year. He returned to the East to complete his last three years at Villanova for his G. S. degree. At Villanova he was active in the Day Hop Club, Science Seminar, and on the Junior Prom Committee. He is especially interested in music and sports n general. He served his junior interneship at St. Joseph Hospital, Philadelphia, and remains at Temple University Hospital for his senior interneship.m Edgar Morris Ernst is a congenial fellow who was born January 14, 1917, in Oil City, Pennsylvania. He attended high school in Reading, Pennsylvania, and Muhlenberg College in Allentown, where he graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1938. Edgar was a virtuoso of the violin, but now, alas, his sound post has fallen and his G string is brokon. Recently he distinguished himself by appearing in a cast after breaking his scaphoid while playing touch football at PGH. Edgar lives in anticipation of the week-ends and expects to be a groom in June. Two summers were spent at Berks County T. B. Sanatorium and he will interne at the Reading General Hospital in Reading, Pennsylvania.$on Price £i uand Jon Price Evans made his appearance December 14, 1914, in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania. He attended Wyoming Seminary in Kingston, Pennsylvania, and Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia, graduating with an A. B. degree in 1937. He was on the wrestling and boxing teams and a member of Phi Kappa Psi Fraternity and Sigma Delta Chi, Honorary Journalistic. He is interested in photography and his dark-room technique is excelled only by his ability to trip the light fantastic with the fairer sex, or you may see him at Hemlock Hill on Harvey's Lake Flash splashing along at 42 MPH. He held a junior interneship at the Wilkes-Barre General Hospital and returns there this year to take out the nurses that he didn’t take out last year. illuun The fighing Irish had on addition to the dan when William Finnegan entered this world on the morning of February 20, 1914, In New Brunswick, New Jersey. Bill went to St. Peter's High School and $t. Peter's College, graduating in 1938. During the summers he has worked as a switchboard operator for the local fire department, as a laborer on construction work in the New York harbor, and held a junior intemeship at Doctors Hospital in Philadelphia. This inexorable Irishman believes in saying what he thinks legardless of the consequence .f111 he conflagration is sometimes terrific. He was married to Ruth Germaine Newhouse in 1940, and is the proud father of Robert Damian Finnegan. For intemeship he goes to Kings County Hospital in Brooklyn, Now York. ffl ' ' -Frederic Frederick Edward Foertsch was born on July 16, 1917, in New Haven, Connecticut. Leoving the Nutmeg State in 1918, he moved to Pittsburgh where he lived until 1929 when he came to the Quaker City. He attended Germontown High School and then matriculated at Temple University for his pre-medical work. He received his B. S. degree in 1939 after his first year in the medicol school. His summers have been spent in the offices of the Gulf Oil Company. Fred would like to practice in the field of surgery, obstetrics, and gynecology after his senior interneship at Abington Memorial Hospital.Eugene Mortin Frame was born May 27, 1915 in Gassaway, West Virginia, and here he attended high school. At West Virginia Tech he was captain of the basketball team and president of the student council for 1935 and 1936. Medicine as a career beckoned and he entered West Virginia University School of Medicine before coming to Temple. Sumer before last he worked in an analytical chemistry lab making prcs-tone and anti-freeze, and last summer he held a junior interneship in the Taylor Hospital at Ridley Park. For interneship the United States Navy is reserving a hammock for him.ranam Born on Februory 20, 1915, in Clifton, N. J., he grew up with a desire to travel which he curbed until he finished high school. When his family moved to Philadelphia, its industry so impressed him that he at once left to attend the pastoral (by contrast) University of Michigan. Fortified with an A. B. (1936) he returned to Philadelphia, where he entered Temple to broaden his literary background; but finally he acquiesced to his inner desire to become a doctor, and remained at Temple. He spends his summers traveling around our country, and last summer was a Beach Doctor on the Atlantic City Beach Patrol. In order to round out his medical training he carefully studied bridge. Chinese art, and argumentation in P. L. K. He will interne at St. Luke’s Hospital (Philadelphia). His medical fraternity is Phi Lambda Kappa. M3 ruminFrancis Joseph Gaydosh was born November 21, 1917, in Wheeling, West Virginia, where he attended Central Catholic High School and the West Virginia University, graduating with an A. B. degree in 1939 and a B. S. in 1940. In college he was active in basketball and tennis, and was a member of Beta Theta Pi Social Fraternity. After two years of medicine in the West Virginia Medical School he entered Temple. He has spent his summers as life guard and swimming instructor in beautiful old moss-bound Oglebay Park. Interneship begins July I in the Philadelphia General Hospital.One night obout the year 1905 Russel Conwell came to the home of the Henry Gerlach’s wishing to purchase their back yard which lay behind the Samaritan Hospital and is the land on which the nurses home and port of Temple Hospital now stands. Although Conwell wanted the land and $1500 with which to put up a building, he had no money, but with his usual business ability he persuaded Mr. Gerlach to give him not only the land which was valued at $2500, but also a loan of $1500. The granddaughter of Henry Gerlach, Margaret Jane Gerlach, was born in Philadelphia, March 21, 1917. She attended John W. Hallahan Catholic Girls' High School ond Temple University, graduating in 1938 with an A. B. degree. Peggy has spent two summers working in the Philadelphia Public Library, and held a junior interneship last summer in the Philadelphia State Hospital. For interneshio she goes to the Women's Hospital of Philadelphia.With the shade of Aristotle os a godfather, he first saw light on October 17, 1916, in this academic city of Philadelphia. A true son of the honored institutions of that city, he entered Temple from Olney High, bursting with knowledge and happy in his hunger for more. His education was based on books and libraries, but was finished with a gloss arising from a serious contemplation of his fellows, or our society, and of his raison d’etre. Leaving college in '38 with an A. B., he submerged himself in medicine. but would come up for air, music, and arguments once in a while. He internes at Mount Sinai Hospital in Philadelphia. He is a member of Phi Lambda Kappa Fraternity. ameA v! Cjoodson James Roy Goodson hails from Davy, West Virginia, where he was born January 6, 1914. After attending Welch High School in Welch, West Virginia, he entered the West Virginia University, where he received an A. B. degree in 1938 and a B. S. in 1939, and the first two years of medicine were taken in the same institution. Good-son's claim to fame lies in his military experience, for at the University he was tops in rifle marksmanship and at Camp Perry, Ohio, he was on the rifle team of twelve men selected from five states. He is a member of Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity. Junior interneship was in St. Joseph’s Hospital, Philadelphia, and for senior work he goes to Providence Hospitol in Washington, D. C.Wron w. CjouyL nour This likeable Irishman, Myron William Goughnour, was born March 31, 1916, in Hazelton, North Dakota, but claims East Grand Forks, Minnesota, in the heart of the Red River Valley, as his home town. He attended the University of North Dakota where he received a B.S. and B.A. degree, and the North Dakota School of Medicine for two years before entering Temple. Summers have been spent working and fishing for Northern or Walleyed pike and bass in the state of ten thousand lakes. He goes this year to a rotating interneship in the Mercy Hospital, Toledo, Ohio. He is a member of Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity where he was treasurer in 1941.In 1915, Toby was born in this city of Philadelphia which surpasses any other in the number of medical schools. From all of these schools he chose Temple after his graduation from Villanova in 1938. He was a member of the varsity swimming team for three years in college and its captain in his senior year. For eight summers he has been life guard at Margate City, N. J., and there again he was captain of the life guards last summer. He finds time to play a round or two of golf between swims. This summer he will start his interneship at Methodist Hospital in South Philadelphia, where he was born and raised. -oDorothea A J oran Dorothea Anita Halloran first brought sunshine to the wintry days of Hoboken, New Jersey, January 5, 1919. "Cheerie," as she has been known to her friends, has been spreading sunshine ever since in many clubs and activities at school and college. High school days were spent at A. J. Demarest High in Hoboken, and then it was across the river to Washington Square College of New York University, where, in 1938, she received her A. B. degree. Her summers have been busy with days down at the Jersey shore, weeks of fun as a camper and counsellor at a Girl Scout camp, and finally with a junior interneship at the Philadelphia State Hospital. In addition she has enjoyed photography, Girl Scouting, and collecting dogs. For the next two years she will have her senior interneship at the Jersey City Medical Center, Jersey City, New Jersey.Frederick Gordon Hand mode his appearance on May 2, 1914, in South Orange, New Jersey. He attended Carteret Academy in Orange, New Jersey, and Temple University. He has spent his summers carpentering and doing odd jobs while the past summer he held a junior interneship in Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City and worked in a dispensary in Hoboken. He is interested in archery and makes archery equipment, builds ship models, collects old guns, and lifts weights—his best record on the clean-and-jerk is 250 pounds. Hand has a bit of original philosophy: "Those who are strong seek to emulate the great. The weak are satisfied to belittle." He is a member of Phi Rho Sigma Medical Fraternity. For interneship he goes to Orange Memorial Hospital in New York City.Donald Beauregard Hawkins wu» corn on April Fool's Day, 1916, at Passaic, New Jersey. However, the rock-bound coast of Maine beckoned and Sedgwick. Maine, became his home town. He attended Blair Academy in Blairstown, New Jersey, and Brown University in Providence, Rhode Island, graduating with an A. B. degree in 1938. This blond Mariner is a nautical Argonaut who is the skipper of a thirty-five-foot cutter, and he has charted the coast from Nova Scotia to Boston. He has not only a propensity toward the sea. but also is penchant to flying. He was married to Adelaide Fox Gay in June of 1938 and their son, Donald B. Hawkins. Jr., was born March 20, 1942 at 9:40 A.M. Interneship will be at the Moine General Hospital. Portland, Maine.Twenty-four years ago last March 27 William was a newcomer to Kingston, Pennsylvania. After spending his early school days in Stony Brook, Long Island, he journeyed to Illinois to attend Wheaton College. He graduated there in June, 1938, with an A. B. degree. The next June he married Florence Loescher. His hobbies are bridge books and babies—he has two of the latter, namely, William Henry, Jr., and Jane Ruth. He has spent his summers working around hospitals, his junior interneship was spent in Danville State Hospital at Danville, Pennsylvania, and he will stay at Temple for his senior service..Arthur (j. Mitt Arthur George Hill was born May 23, 1917, in Lorain, Ohio. He attended the Steubenville High School in Stubenvillc, Ohio, Ohio State University for one year, and Western Reserve University for two years. In college he was vice-president of Lambda Chi Alpha Froternity, and a member of the Interfroternity Council. Summers have been spent grinding lenses for his father, an optometrist, onj vacationing on fishing trips in Canada. He had planned to go Into ophthalmology but for the war. Interne-ship is in the Stamford Hospital, Stamford, Connecticut.Eldon G. Hoachlonder was born June 30, 1916 in Greencastle, Pennsylvania. Here he attended Greencastle High School and then entered Temple University, graduating with an A.B. in 1938. Several summers were spent working as a truck driver, and last summer he held a junior interneship in the Emergency Hospital in Easton, Maryland. Hobbies include golf, bridge, and bowling. He is president of Phi Rho Sigma Medical Fraternity this year. Interneship is in the City Hospital of Akron, Ohio. odeph £1. oennitifyer Joe was born in Lancaster, Pennsylvania, the home of the Hamilton Watch, Armstrong Linoleum, and the center of the thriving Pennsylvania Dutch territory. He later moved to Oxford, Pennsylvania, where he attended high school, but returned to Lancaster to enter Franklin and Marshall College. In college he was a valued member of the Glee Club. Last summer he journeyed to Raleigh, North Carolina, where he junior interned at Rex Hospital, but his interests seem to lie in Lancaster for he goes back there to St. Joseph's Hospital for his senior interneship.(j-odepli (L. Jdoward, J}r. A native son of Roseboro, North Carolina, Joe is one of the younger members of the class, for he will graduate after having had his 23d birthday on March 5. He attended Salemburg High School, then went to Wake Forest to begin his medical education. He received his B. S. degree there in 1939 and then took two years of medical school before he entered Temple. Farming and work on a United States agricultural soil conservation program has helped him to put in the summer vacations. He will go to the James Walker Memorial Hospital in Wilmington, North Carolina, for his senior interneship.1AJ. Jordan Luke William Jordan was born December 23, 1915, in Babylon, Long Island. He attended Birdsboro High School in Birdsboro, Pennsylvania, and Temple University where his interests centered around swimming and the Newmon Club. He received his sheepskin in 1938. The last four summers have been spent as a life guard and swimming instructor in the City Swimming Pools for the Bureau of Recreation. Having a particular interest in orthopedics, Luke intends to make it his specialty. His many hours of observation and association with this department should serve him in good stead in following in the footsteps of his ideal, Temple's distinguished orthopedic surgeon, Dr. John Royal Moore. Last summer he held a junior interneship in Fordham Hospital, Bronx, New York, and this June will go to Philadelphia General Hospital for senior service.Mary Ella Kirby was born on April 20, 1916, at Sadiyo, Assam, Indio. After s;x years in the Orient and ten years in Ohio she returned to India where she attended Mount Hermon Schools at Darjeeling in the Himalayan Mountains. For two years she attended Judson College of the University of Rangoon in Burma, where she was the only white student. In 1936 she came to the United States and received her A. M. degree from Denison University in Ohio, where, among other activities, she was a member of the Alpha Omicron Pi Sorority. Mary has enjoyed her summers having fun on Onion Island in Buckeye Lake. Her hobbies have been collecting stamps and, true to India—elephants. Mary's ambition is to return to Assam, where her parents are medical missionaries in charge of a Leper Colony. Her senior interneship is at the Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, Pennsylvania.George Kunz heralded the New Year in 1914 in Tacoma, Washington, the accousheur being his F.A.C.S. father. Education was cosmopolitan in its scope: prep schools in Seattle, San Francisco, and Blairstown, New Jersey, then the University of Washington at Seatile, where a Bachelor of Science degree was conferred in 1935, followed by graduate work at the University of Chicago, then Law School at the U. of W. for one year, from thence to Med School at the University of North Dakota, and on to Philadelphia and Temple. Summers have been spent as chair guide at the Chicago World's Fair, assistant in the pathology department of the Tacoma General Hospital, and junior interne in the same hospital. George is a member of Zeta Psi Social Fraternity and Phi Chi Medical Fraternity. Interneship is in the King County Hospital. Seattle, Washington.Paul S. LaFollette was born in Huntsburg, Ohio, on May 10, 1916, and early schooling was in Barnesvillc High. His bachelor of science degree was warded by Mount Union College in 1938. Paul's extra-curricular activity included color photography, and he has worked during the summers installing public address systems, in a boys' camp, and last summer was a junior interne at T.U.H. For senior service he goes to Saint Luke's Hospital in Cleveland, Ohio.Cjranviiie cjCc awrence Following in the footsteps of his father, who graduated from Temple Medical when it was still in the embryonic stage, Al entered Temple after completion of his pre-medical work at Lafayette. At Lafayette he was a member of Kappa Delta Rho Social Fraternity, member of the baseball team, song in the college choir, and belonged to the pre-medical society. He has spent his summers as a hotel clerk on the coast of Maine. His extramedical activities include tennis, golf, hunting, fishing, music, and short stories. After graduation he will take his senior interneship at Temple University Hospital.Johnsey Lea Leef can't wait to get back to the hills of West Virg:n;o where he was born August I, 1918, in Grassy Meadows. He attended Smoot High School in Smoot, West Virginia, and obtained his B.S. degree from Marshal! Co'iege lit Huntington, West Virginia. The first two years of med school were spent at i'ne Wy t Virginia University School of Medicine. It is said that when Leef starts for home he takes a train, changes to a bus, finally gets in a cor and ends up in a pack train in the hills of West Virginia. Ho has spent his summers working on a farm, and last summer held a junior interneship in the Charleston General Hospital, in Charleston, West Virginia, where he returns for senior service. ejCeonard Born in Lexington, North Carolina, in July 26, 1915, Ruth attended Lexington High School, Davenport Junior College, and Catawaba College. She was a member of the Dramatics and the Science Clubs and also of the Phi Epsilon Literary Society in college. She left Catawaba in 1934 with her A. B. degree and for three years taught in the Lawrenceville High School. Feeling sure after that time that a medical career was her destiny, she entered University of North Carolina and took her first two years there before coming to Temple to join us as a junior. Her junior interneship at Temple University Hospital furthered her interest in Radiology and she hopes to specialize in that field on completion of her interneship at West Penn Hospital in Pittsburgh.I Lorry Limbert was born in Akron, Ohio, on May 6, 1915. He attended high school in Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, spent one year in the Pennsylvania School of Business, and three years in Pennsylvania State. His hobbies include reading Argosy and worrying obout his sinusitis. He enjoys golf and tennis and is a chronic bridge player. His aquarium exhibits of tropical fish include Colisa Lalia, Pterophyllum Scalare or Amazon angel fish, and Hemigrammus Ocellifer Steindachner or head and tail light fish. He is a member of Phi Chi Fraternity. Junior interneship was held in the Harrisburg Polyclinic Hospital, where he returns this year. N Sydney v cJlivinaston ivinfy. Sid Livingston was born August 14. 1916, in New York City. He attended De Witl- Clinton High School in the Bronx and then the City College of New York, graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in February of 1938. In college he belonged to the Biology Society and was active in sports. He has spent his summers loafing and working and indulging in his hobbies of tennis and swimming. Sid is a hard and earnest worker in his chosen profession. He is a member of Babcock Surgical Society. Interne-ship is in the New York City Hospital.oCoomid Hap Loomis was born in +he C'»y o -he G'eot Salt Lake on May 14, 1917, and attended South High School in Sait Lake City and the University of Utah, where he graduated with an A. B. degree. His first two years of medicine were spent at the University of Utah before coming to HniJadelp 'a and Temple. Hop is a happy sort of fellow who always seems to be going somewnc.-e. He has spent his summers working in hospitals and put in one summer c.: ortenduc •" the State Mental Deficiency Institution. He has a hobby of col'c ru •'.tt-neship he goes to the Solt Lake County General Hospital. Jlenry oCuiter On July 15, 1917, in the Reign of Cancer the Crab, an enemy of Cancer the Terrible was born. He attended Simon Gratz High School and majored in asking questions and politics. After co-editing the year book he entered Temple, where he nearly became a physicist, but the lure of being a physics-ician was greater. His honors in college were three: bids from the Hammond Pre-Medical Society, the Pyramid Honor Society, and Temple Medical School. He left college as a Bachelor of Science in '38, but soon terminated this when he married the most beautiful and brilliant Eleanor Blumfield on July 3, 1939. He spends his leisure time in making and fixing radios, photography, listening to music and his wife, and thinking up questions to ask. He'll interne at the Philadelphia Jewish Hospital. He was '39 secretary and '41 president of Phi Lambda Kappa Medical Fraternity. ean Ligonier, Pennsylvania was the birthplace of Dean Luther on July I, 1915. He forsook Pennsylvania for sunny California where he attended San Diego State College, and the University of California where he received his A.B. Degree in 1938. Returning East he entered Temple and has been a member of Babcock Surgical Society. Summers have been spent working at various jobs which included work in the Lee Tire Company and Campbell Soup Company. In his spare time Dean plays golf, does some photography and fishes for trout and bass. He will interne in the Bryn Mawr Hospital.This southern gentleman, Malcolm J. MacDonald, was born in Little Rock, South Carolina, on May 31, 1914. High school in Dillon, South Carolina was followed by matriculation at the Presbyterian College, Clinton, South Carolina, where a B.S. degree was awarded in 1935. He was a member of Alpha Kappa Pi Social Fraternity, and played in the college band. Preliminary medical training was done at Wake Forest Medical School before entering Temple. Mack has an interest in music of all kinds, vocal and instrumental. One summer was spent playing in a dance orchestra, and one summer as camp doctor for a boys' camp in the Adirondacks. He will take his senior interneship with the Navy.Wurdina W- WacJar uLar Murdino MocKenzie MocFarquhar was born on the Isle of Lewis, Scotland, on November 14, 1916. Leaving her native isle in her early years she came across the North Atlantic to malce her home in Elizabeth, New Jersey. She was graduated from Botten High School in her home town and in 1938 she received her A. B. degree from Smith College in Massachusetts. During the summers she has been a camp counsellor and for one summer at Cold Spring Harbor, Long Island, she assisted in a research problem concerned with hemolysis. Ina, or "Scottie," as she is known to the class, had a junior interneship at St. Clare's Hospital in New York City, where she spent the entire vacation escorting tiny, crying bundles of humanity into this world. She is to have her senior interneship at Lincoln Hospital, New York City. RoLrt WJLy, III Robert Mallory, III, one of premature twins, born in New York City, March 20, 1916, spent his childhood in Rye, New York, later moved to Farmington, Maine. Bob attended Hotchkiss School, Lakeville, Connecticut, and received his B. S. at Yale in 1938. Summers were spent hunting, fishing, and taking movies in Alaska and the North woods. He was married to Phyllis Vaughan in Louisville, Kentucky, June 17, 1939, and they spent their honeymoon in Honolulu. Their first child, Bob the 4th, was born December 31, 1941. Extracurricular work in med school, has been making medical films for teaching purposes. He is a member of the Yale Club of Philadelphia. The Apawamis, and Manursing Island Clubs of Rye, N. Y. Interneship is at the Methodist Episcopal Hospital, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He intends to practice in Rye, New York.2W S. WaJJt David Samuel Marshall was born August 8, 1916, in Ashland, Pennsylvania. He attended Upper Darby High School and Temple University, graduating in 1938 with an A. B. degree. In college he belonged to the Radio Club, English Honorary Society, and German Club. This modern Rembrandt possesses a concinnity of artistic adroitness well exemplified by his work on the Skull. Besides design he does landscaping and lists Grant Wood, Sason, and El Greco among his favorites. His appreciation in another realm of art, namely music, is observed in his collection of orchestral, symphonic, and tone poem records here the works of Mozart, Brahms, and Beethoven live again. He has spent his summers basking in the sun ot Ocean City, as camp doctor, and last summer held a junior interneship ot t e Harrisburg Polyclinic Hospital, where he returns this year.Wervtn J. Watluat On December 15, 1917, o rather long bundle of joy arrived at his parents' home and ten days later Merv sat down to his first Christmas dinner. Growing was his main preoccupation os he made his way through Central High School and entered Temple, where he was invited to join the Hammond Pre-Medical Society and the Pyramid Honor Society. He graduated in '37 with an A. B. and a nev'ly acquired knowledge of girls and a yen for hiking, so he hiked up Broad Street and decided that Temple had the most to offer. After serving a iunior interneship at Northeastern Hospital he's all set to hike up Broad Street to the Jewish Hospital in June. He has been a member of Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity for four years.Ylatkan WattL eman "Toot" was born on August 25, 1916 in Philadelphia. He always was a "regular fellow", working diligently, and playing hard. He graduated from Central High School with honors and a broken nose he earned on the gridiron as tac!;le on a championship team. In Temple he was president of the Hammond Pre-medical Society and was very active in intramural athletics. In patois, one can easily remember his "Kaff, kaffl Slip me the wire, Bud" or "Cheese V Crackers! Grab a gander, will yal", and no less easily, his easy-going noture and generous spirit. He plays bridge, hunches (from his ouija-board), and ball with equal verve. He will interne at the Philadelphia Jewish Hospital. For a medical fraternity he preferred Phi Lambda Kappa and was president ir. '41 and vice-president in '42. nuL £. m aurer Martha Elizabeth Maurer saw her first dawn in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, November 2, 1916. Since then she has lived in Richmond, Virginia, Union City, New Jersey, and now makes her home in Newark, New Jersey, where she was graduated from Barringer High School. Marty's alma mater is the University of Pennsylvania from which she received her A.B. degree in 1938. While in college she was a member of the German Club and the Alpha Chi Omega Fraternity. Marty is fond of sports and sewing and has had fun in making collections of silhouettes and miniature shoes. During vacation days she has had a leisurely time enjoying the various summer sports and making clothes which any professional would admire. Her senior internship is to be at the Hospital of St. Barnabas and For Women and Children, Newark, New Jersey.JCnnA X WcC °u Kenneth was born in Hamlet, North Dakota, on April 12, 1917. In his early youth he moved to Wildrose, North Dakota, where he received his public school education. He received his pre-medical education at Jamestown College. Jamestown, North Dakota, and was graduated with a B.S. degree. While in college, he was active in the chemistry and medical clubs, a leader in Boy Scout and V.M.C.A. work, and an instructor in swimming. His first two years of medicine were studied at the Univorsity of North Dakota and came to Temple as a Junior. He is a member of Phi Beta Pi and is interested in farming and swimming. He has spent his summers working on the farm, surveying for the government, and building the Fort Peck Dam in Montana. He served his junior interneship at St. Joseph's Hospital, Philadelphia and goes to the Providence Hospital, Washington, D. C.CLarL M. m£L wee This connoisseur, Charles Henry McElwee, was born March 20, 1916, in Ithaca, New York. He attended Ithaca High School, and played Varsity Hockey for Cornell University where he graduated in 1938 with an A.B. degree. Hobbies include resting, upland hunting, fresh water fishing, swimming, ice skating, and skiing. Mack is a member of Phi Rho Sigma Medical Fraternity, and Babcock Surgical Society. For interne-ship he goes to the Binghamton City Hospital in Binghamton, New York.-3rancid Francis James Menapace was born July 6, 1916, in Atlas, Pennsylvania. He attended Mount Carmel Township High School and took his college work at Villanova. Here he was active in intramural athletics, os a member of the Orientation Committee, and as a member of the Junior Prom Committee. A constant worker, he has spent his summers at many and sundry jobs. He chooses swimming as his sport and relaxes by reading medical journals. Frank took his junior interneship at the Ashland State Hospital, Ashland, Pennsylvania. He goes to Wilkes-Barre General Hospital for his senior interneship. At Temple he has been a member of the Phi Alpha Sigma Medical Fraternity. He has applied for a commission in the Army Medical Corps and is interested in surgery as a specialty. Ylfienapa.ceFrom the broad sweep of the North Dakota plains came this olond-headed luminary, James Gifford Myhre, born September 21, 1917, in Walcott, North Dakota. At a tender age we find him chauffeuring a ten-ton tractor. The resultant health and vigor accruing there from were augmented by a clean life—this Galahad has never tasted liquor nor tobacco. Starting at Walcott High School he was valedictorian and class flirt as well. He attended the North Dakota State School of Science for one year, University of North Dakota for two years, and medical school at the same institution for two years where he received his B.S. degree in medicine. He was a member of Theta Chi Social Fraternity and Phi Chi Medical Fraternity. Three summers have been spent as sales contest winner for Northrup, King ond Company. Interneship is in the Philadelphia General Hospital.omai On October 24, 1915, Norwich, New York, welcomed Thomas to its midst. He attended Norwich High School and later matriculated at Muhlenberg College in Allentown, Pennsylvania, for his pre-medical education. At college he joined the Phi Kappa Tau fraternity and was a member of the football and baseball teams. He also belonged to the pre-medical society and was its president in his senior year. At Temple he was treasurer of the Junior Class and president his senior year. He held a junior interneship at Sacred Hoart Hospital in Norristown, Pennsylvania, and will go back there to the Montgomery Hospital for his senior service. He married Dorothy Irene Leiser in 1938 and they have one daughter, Dorothy Nancy. S' ' 4 ‘ In nineteen hundred and seventeen the Newhart family welcomed Earle on All Fools’ Day in Ashley, Pennsylvania. He learned his A. . C's in Trucksville, Pennsylvania, and attended Kingston Township High School and Wheaton College. The summer of 1939 he worked on a highway construction job. In 1940-41 he held junior interneships at Wilkes-Darre General Hospital. In June 1937 he pledged eternal marital fidelity to Eleanor Louise Clauser. He now has a son David Elliott. He is very fond of music, especially the violin, and is also interested in athletics. He goes to Robert Packer Hospital in Sayer, Pennsylvania, for his senior interneship and hopes to enter surgery in the future.A quarter of a century ago William wcs the surprise package which the Nun-nallys received on Christmas Day. He spent his high school days in Gary, West Virginia, although his home town is Wilcoe, West Virginia. He attended West Virginia University, graduating in 1939 with an A.B. degree. While in college he was a member of Alpha Epsilon Delta, a pre-medical fraternity, Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity, and Le Cercles Francois Honorary French Fraternity. He came to Temple as a junior and is a sports enthusiast. He took his junior interneship at Taylor Hospital, Ridley Park, Pennsylvania, and goes to Methodist Episcopal Hospital for his senior interneship. Surgery is the specialty he is interested in.f William -A. Obrien, III William A. O'Brien was born in Leaksville. North Carolina, on September 16. 1918. He attended high school in Lealcsville and college at Wake Forest where he was a member of Gamma Sigma Epsilon. National Honorary Chemistry Frate» 'ty. The first two years of medicine were taken at Wake Forest where he received a Bachelor o Science degree in 1939. This southern gentleman is in possession of a philosophical attitude, a suave manner, and likes everything and everybody. Two summers have been spent as a playground instructor and swimming pool supervisor, and hobbies include books, model airplanes, and a collection of classical records. He is interested in neurosurgery an ± is a member of Phi Chi. Junior interneship was in the Philadelphia S+ate Hospital and he goes this year to the Baptist State Hospital a Winston-Salem N«r+h Carolina.£ O’ bonnJt Light Horse gave forth his first lusty cry in Wilson, Kansas, on July 5, 1914. His boyhood pranks were played in Junction City, Kansas, where he attended junior and senior high school. He matriculated for his pre-medical education at the University of Kansas and graduated in 1938 with an A.B. degree. While in college he was a member of Phi Kappa Psi Social Fraternity. His summers were spent in the office of his father, who is also a follower of Aesculapius, and in hunting and fishing in Minnesota. Forsaking his life of celibacy, he married Margaret Large on September 7, 1941. He took his junior interneship at Atlantic City Hospital and will serve his senior interneship at the same institution. Phi Beta Pi is his chosen medical fraternity. t)auid f aui Osl orne. The son of a Presbyterian minister, David Osborne was born on February 20, 1915 at Bradford, Pa. He spent his youth changing residence to Franklin, Pa., State College, Pa., and Port Allegany, Pa. Attended the Pennsylvania State College and was graduated in 1938. While in college he was o member of the Glee Club and song bass on the Varsity Quartet. Prefers tennis and golf for recreation. A member of the Alpha Kappa Kappa Medical Fraternity, he was President in 1940-41. D. P. was president of the Junior Class and Business Manager of the Skull and served his junior interneship at the Warren State Hospital, Warren, Pa. He will serve his senior interneship at the United States Naval Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa.York, Pennsylvania. the capital of the nation for ten historic months in 1777 was the birthplace of this member of our class in September, 1917. He wrested his B.S. degree from Elizabethtown College where he was business manager of the year book and president of the science club. The summer of 1939 he spent as a male nurse, the next summer he was clerk at Episcopal Hospital and n 1941 was doctor at Webster Settlement House. He enjoys music and beekeeping and it is rumored that he is soon to give up his single life. He will go to Lancaster General Hospital for his senior interneship.3)avid j?. Phillip David J. Phillips started his career in Germantown on January 14, 1911, and it is said that even at that time ho could detect 100 drugs by their odor. He attended Germantown High School and then entered Temple Universtiy, receiving a Ph. G. degree in 1934, followed by a B.S. in 1936. He has worked as a pharmacist, and obtained his start in medicine while working in the Pharmacology Department of Temple Medical School. He was representative to the A.M.S. convention in '38, '39 and '40, and treasurer in '39 and '40. He is a member of Phi Beta Pi Medical Fraternity and Babcock Surgical Society. For interneship he goes to Philadelphia General Hospital.Peter C. PoialL o Plains. Pennsylvania is the birthplace of this member of the class. After attending the public schools there, he entered Bucknell University Junior College ond then came to Temple where he graduated in 1938. At Temple he was a member of the Hammond Pre-medical Society. He helped to shorten the grind of medical school by some highway construction work and is one of the few who have realized the ambition to ride on a clanging fire truck. He also has a notable collection of classical and popular records. He will go to Harrisburg Polyclinic Hospital for senior interneship.(Beatrice Prazah Beatrice was born in Elizabeth, New Jersey, on May 8, 1915. She attended Battin High Schol there and then matriculated at Cornell University where she received her A.B. degree. In college she was busy with many extra curricular activities being a member of the Aesculapius Premedical Society, glee club, choir, Women's Self-governmenf Association, and was active in sports. At Temple she is an Associate Member of the American Medical Women’s Association. She spends her summer vacationing in the mountains enjoying her favorite sports of riding, golf, and swimming. Her favorite pastimes are listening to classical music and trying her hand at interior decorating. She will interne at Elizabeth General Hospital, Elizabeth, New Jersey, and Medical Center, Jersey City, New Jersey, for two years and one year respectively. She served her junior interneship at Medical Center.The 130-ocre farm on which Joe Prowell was born June 5, 1912, is near the Susquehanna River in Fairviewtownship, York County, Pennsylvania. He attended High School in New Cumberland, and Lebanon Valley College, graduating with a bachelor of science degree in 1937. He was a member of Philo Kosmian Literary Society and held an assistantship in Biology. He worked his way through college by working on the state highways, on the railroad, for a construction company, and N.Y.A. During med school he worked for Bethlehem Steel in the summer of '40 and for Budd last summer. Hobbies include ornithology, botany, tennis, and hunting. Joe expects to practice medicine in a rural community where a man can take a deep breath and his path is not darkened by the shadows of tall buildings. Interneship is in the Polyclinic Hospital in Harrisburg.3- Mary started life in Boston, one of the leading medical centers of the country, on May 21, 1917. When she was only five her family moved to Schenectady, New York, and from there to Philadelphia where Mary attended Merion Academy and Rosemont College. At Rosemont she was a member of the debating team and liked all kinds of athletics. Her junior interneship was spent at the Temple Hospital Clinics and she will interne for one year at Misericordia Hospital in Philadelphia. She is very much interested in photography and her favorite outdoor exercise is golf. Her rainy day diversion is cooking, perhaps she believes the adage that "the way to a man's heart is through his stomach." Q ueeneyGeorge Randall was born October 28, 1914, in Paterson, New Jersey, a silk center and home of the Wright Aeronautical Corporation. George received his high school training at Eastside High School in Paterson and then went to Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. Here he played football for two seasons and became affiliated with the Kappa Sigma Social Fraternity. He has worked five summers with the Borden Milk Company in Paterson and has been working for the City Water Department for two. He married Nomma F. Ellison in June, 1941, and will take his senior interneship with her at Portland, Oregon, at the Good Samaritan Hospital. He is interested in a general practice or in surgery. olin f earich John lived in Philadelphia for two years when he was very young. He was born here in 1914 then lived in Frederick. Maryland, until he was 13. when he migrated north to Warren, Massachusetts. He attended Temple undergraduate school and gained his A.B. degree there in 1937. While at Temple he became interested in Pathology and is the only member of this year's graduating class who expects to take it up as a specialty sometime in the future. During his junior interneship at St. Vincent's Hospital in Worcester, Mass, last summer, he paved the way to return there for his senior interneship this year. ameA . t ichardson Jomes Justus Richardson's birthplace was Patsburg, Alabama, March 31, 1917. Residence was changed to Jacksonville, Florida, and here he attended Andrew Jack-son High School. At the University of Florida he was a member of Phi Eta Sigma, Phi Kappa Tau Social Fraternity, was president of Alpha Epsilon Delta, National Premedical Fraternity, was on the staff of WRUF, and received a bachelor of scionce degree in 1938. Jim has become a cog in the T.'J.H. machinery where he has worked in the accident dispensary, at the information desk, and in the record room. He is a member of Babcock Surgical Society, and will intern in the Temple University Hospital.Alexander Rocke Robertson, V, comes from a long line of doctors lor he is the 6th generation to follow the art of Aesculopius. Born on December 12, 1916, in Maidenhead, England, he spent one year in Vancouver, British Columbia, before landing in Seottle, Washington, where he attended Broadway High School and the University of Washington. At present his physician father is in Soap Lake, Washington, which holds promise of someday being the arthritis center of the world. During the school year and through the summers Rocke has worked at Temple University Hospital where he will stay on for interneship.a eanor Eleanor Rodwell was born on August 16, 1917 of Weldon, North Carolina. Her school days were spent at Norlina where she was graduated from high school and college days at Meredith College from which she received her A. B. degree in 1938. While in college she was a class officer and was active in sports, receiving several awards for her outstanding ability. For the first two years of her medical education she studied at the School of Medicine, Wake Forest College, North Carolina. During her first two summers Eleanor took life easy but in 1940 worked at the Mary Elizabeth Hospital, Raleigh, North Carolina, and in 1941 had a junior interneship at Watt's Hospital. Durham, North Carolina, where she plans to return for her senior interneship. VHe was born on February 17. 1917 and was expelled from the hospital on February 27. 1917 because he made eyes at a nurse, they say. However, he determined to become a doctor so that he could do it in a socially approved fashion. Rapidly entering Gratz High School, he quickly finished at Temple with a B. S. (in ‘38). two keys (his fraternity's, and that of the Hammond Pre-medical Society), and a date-book which had to have extra pages inserted. He denies biing married, sells furniture in the summer, and spent a summer interneship at Philadelphia Jewish Hospital where he will also do his senior interning. He is a member of Phi Delta Epsilon Medical Fraternity.George Austin Rowland was born in Ardmore. Pennsylvania, on December 13. 1917. His youth was spent in St. David's, Harrisburg, Elkins Park, and Shippensburg. He attended Shippensburg High School and then took his pre-medical work at the University of Pennsylvania. After three years at Penn he entered Temple Medical School. George had a busy summer in 1940 for he married Liberty Louise Gilbert on June 4 and then finished the work for his A.B. degree a the University of Pennsylvania. He gets his share of fun out of life by piaying bridge, collecting classical records, reading, swimming, and whipping up a fluffy omelet. He serves his senior interneship at Abington Hospital.Joseph l uclolpli This sturdy pillar of Aesculapius was born on June 26, 1917 in Philadelphia and attended Central High School soon after. Moving to Norristown Joe went to Ursinus where he joined the wrestling, soccer, and chess teams, but his physical prowess qualified him only for the last. After dodging the fair sex for four years he got his A.B. in '37 and entered Temple the next year, only to fall for the fair Libby who has since replaced all his former hobbies. He spent a splendid junior interneship in Obstetrics and Gynecology at St. Luke’s (Philadelphia) and will interne at the Jewish Hospital. He has chosen Phi Lambda Kappa for his medical fraternity.Jeder W. Said, man This exponent of the one centimeter haircut was born on October 23, 1917 in Bayonne, N. J., but moved soon to Kingston, Pa. Versatility prompted him to busy himself with the Hammond Pre-medical Society, Pyramid Honor Society, and the Temple News Staff while in college. His interest in medicine arose from a hobby of collecting medical cartoons, and when he entered Temple Medical this hobby stood him in good stead. When he went to work in the accident dispensary a cop went berserk there, but our hero showed him a cartoon and the policeman hod sense enough to faint. He liked A. B. well enough to work for it for four years, but he just couldn't get used to A. M., especially at eight, so he selected the Wilkes-Barre General Hospital where internes arise at nine. He is a member of Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity.Born in Smithfield, North Carolina, on June 27, 1916, Hyman moved to Rocky Mount, N. C. with his family when he was very young. He attended the local public schools there and like so many of the North Carolina boys, he took his pre-medical work at Wake Forest College, got his B.S. degree and then took the first two years of his medical education there before he transferred to Temple. At Temple he joined the Phi Rho Sigma medical frate-nity but before his senior year he grew tired of not having a home of his own so On September 4, 1941 he pledged his marital vows to Margaret Ann Weaver. He held a junior interneship ot A.C.L. Hospital in Rocky Mount, N. C. and will go to the nearby city of Wilmington, Delaware, for his senior service.J. Patrick Schilp, Jr. was born on January 19, 1915, in Philadelphia, and has called this his home town ever since. He received his elementary education in the Germantown district and attended Germantown High School. He graduated from La Salle College in 1937 with a B.A. degree. His favorite pastime is bridge. J. Patrick went to the Warren Hospital, Phillipsburg, New Jersey, for his junior interneship and would like to specialize in surgery after his senior interneship ot Mercy Hospital in Toledo, Ohio. ftf. uiiuS chult: This disciple of Friar Bacon said "Fiat lux" on February 12, 1915. He was a chubby youngster who made his way through Philadelphia Central High School unlabored and unhurried. The U. of P. beckoned to him and there he found that Medicine was most fascinating. He did research in supersonics and dieting, made the varsity fencing team in '35 and '36, and graduated with an A. B. in bacteriology and an M. A. in Public Health. His busy life caused him to suffer a subluxation of his superego, but undaunted, he came to Temple Medical School and in between his regular courses he did research in Biophysics and Cancer-control. His brain-children include lyophilized water, a method of determining specific gravity by a falling drop, and the founding of the K. Z. O. He'll interne at Mount Sinai in Philadelphia. Phi Lambda Kappa was his medical fraternity preference. Worton Sck wal When he was quite young, he was born near Cobbs Creek in Philadelphia on December 29. 1916. Quietly, he graduated from Overbrook High and then the U. of P. in 1937 with an A. B., and took up graduate work at Temple in the following year, entering the medical school at the end of that time. He was studious and serious, usually quiet, but occasionally inquisitive, sometimes asking the professor to answer a question which was quite intelligent but (unfortunately for him) which had been answered at great length just a few minutes before. He interested himself in the problems of youth, and spent a most enjoyable summer as a camp counselor. As avocations, music and hiking offer him opportunities for relaxation and enjoyment. Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity is his medical fraternity. t orotLi £1. hachlett A Philadelphia daughter Dorothy has been educated in its schools, attending Germantown High School, then going to the University of Pennsylvania where she graduated in 1938 with an A.B. degree. At Penn she was a member of the Sphinx and Key Honorary Society, Secretary of the Womans Student Government, and was on the Deans Advisory Board. She was also a member of the Alpha Chi Omega Fro-ternity. During the summers she has worked in the Medical and Syphilology Clinics at Temple University Hospital. She likes to play tennis and swim in her spare time. After interneship at Philadelphia General Hospital she hopes to go into the field of Radiology or Internal Medicine.SL On the 17th of August, 1915, a raconteur was born at Palatlca. Florida. Although well known for other reasons, Palatka will be long remembered by his classmates because of the bountiful supply of tall tales with which it has supplied Joe. Who will ever forget them! He attended Putnam High School and graduated from the University of Florida in 1938 with a B.S. degree. His chief interests outside of medicine are hunting and fishing. He is a member of Alpha Kappa Kappa Medical Fraternity and the Babcock Surgical Society. His junior interneship was spent at the Florida East Coast Hospital, St. Augustine. Florida. Senior interneship is at Duval Hospital, Jacksonville, Florida.3°t‘ It was on June 8, 1916 in Rochester, Pennsylvania, a town about twenty-five miles down the Ohio River from Pittsburgh, that John first saw the light of day. He had his early training in the Rochester Public and High Schools and then traveled up the Beaver River to take his pre-medical work at Geneva College. Beaver Falls, Pennsylvania. John is following his father and two brothers into the practice of medicine. He took his junior interneship at the Warren State Hospital, Warren, Pennsylvania and is interested in internal medicine after his senior interneship at Allegheny Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.Jomes Smith, son of o Presbyterion Minister, was born September 9, 1916 in Williamstown, Pennsylvania. The family moved to New Freedom where Jim attended High School after which he matriculated at Gettysburg College, graduating in 1938 with an A. B. degree. Smith heeded the call of ministry to the body with the intent of general practice on completion of his medical training. He has spent his summers working in camps, factories, and as an ambulance driver. The most spectacular thing about him is his ability to get in automobile accidents—and out of them alive! He was married to Charlotte L. Waltemyer in August of 1941. Junior interneship was held in York Hospital, York, Pennsylvania, and Uncle Sam has taken him into the Navy for his senior interneship at The National Medical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.3LtcLr VU.SlreJz Fletcher William Streclc was born July 21, 1911 in Alice, North Dakota, but soon moved to sunny Californio and made his home in San Francisco. He attended the Polytechnic High School in San Francisco and then went back to North Dakota to the University from which he received a B.A. degree in 1938 and a B.S. in 1939. In college he was on the Varsity Ice Hockey team and belonged to the Biochemical Club and Sigma Alpha Epsilon Social Fraternity. He attended the University of North Dakota Medical School for two years before entering Temple. Streck intends to go into surgery and hopes to be a second Babcock. He was married to Leola S. Moelk on July 15, 1931 and has two children, William F. Streck, III, and Elizabeth Anne Streck. He is a member of Phi Alpha Sigma Medical Fraternity. Junior interneship was in St. Joseph's Hospital, Philadelphia, and senior service will be in Mt. Zion Hospital, Son Francisco, Californio.Jit Jen S. Ok ompdon Alden S. Thompson blew in with a northwestern on July 22. 1916 in Gloucester, Massachusetts. Here he attended Gloucester High School and then entered Bucknell University where he was a member of Phi Gamma Delta and Phi Sigma, and from which he graduated with a B.S. in 1937. For generations the men of his family have gone to sea. but he broke this tradition to follow Aesculapius, however, his interest and hobbies still lie in things nautical. Summers have been spent loafing around Gloucester, but last summer he held a junior interneship in the Essex T.B. Sanatorium in Middleton, Massachusetts. For interneship he goes to the New York City Hospital. IJMU O. roAow This laconic and unassuming boy was born on December 29, 1917 in Philadelphia and didn't say a word until he graduated from Central High. In Temple, he joined the Hammond Pre-medical Society and was so quiet he didn't even answer the roll call. He graduated in '38 with an A.B. In Medical School, one had to be aggressive to engage this aphonic individual in a conversation in which it was thought he sometimes said "yes" or "no." But when one reclly got to know him, a fascinating personality unfolded itself. His humor was genuine and ever-present, and frequently covered up some intelligent observation, or winked at the less genuine attitudes others inadvertantly found themselves cultivating. He is a member of Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity and will take his interneship at Mount Sinai Hospital, Philadelphia.li olert rotter Trotter's family tree dates back to his mother's ancestors who came from Holland in 1632 on a boat called the Brown Cow. Robert Russell Trotter was born a blue baby, April 23, 1915, into a family of teachers, for his father was professor of Law at the University of West Virginia and his uncle was president of the University for 17 years. Trotter attended Germantown High School and the University of Pennsylvania for one year before entering the U. of West Virginia where he graduated with an A.B. and B.S. in medicine. One summer was spent as messboy on a ship to South America, one summer he was employed by the Pennsylvania and Reading Railroads. This congenial and hospitable oesthete makes his home at the Phi Chi Medical Fraternity. Last summer was spent in the Philadelphia State Hospital and interneship will be in the Pennsylvania Hospital.Un 2b. WJ, mer His birthplace was Jonestown, Pa. in the beautiful Lebanon Valley on St. Valentine's Day 1917. He attended the Jonestown schools and entered Lebanon College where he excelled in football and was an active member of the varsity club. Many of his summers have been spent os an employee at the Hershey Park pool in chocolate land. His interest in horticulture is second only to his fondness for the medical arts. At Temple he joined the Phi Rho Sigma fraternity, the Babcock Surgical Society, and he is now a member of the 510 Coast Artillery Reserves, U. S. Army. Christmas of 1939 he married Edna Binkley. He will go to Harrisburg for his senior interneship.a arietta 'lAJeyiand Charletta Kathern Weylond was born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania, August 4, 1916. After being graduated from Linden Hall at Lititz, Pennsylvania, she forsook the North for sunny Virginia. In 1938 she received her A.B. degree from Randolph-Macon Woman's College where she was active in sports and was a member bf the Delta Zeta Sorority. The North reclaimed its own when Chartie, influenced by her father's work, decided to study medicine. During the summer of 1939 the yen for travel took her to the British Isles. She was in Cambridge when war was officially declared and had many exciting experiences in blackouts and returning to this country. Chartie is fond of reading and music and has made collecting books and records two of her hobbies. Last summer she had a junior interneship at the Lancaster General Hospital where she plans to return for her senior interneship. ■  La,J W. This suave aesthete, Edward Michael Whalen, was born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, July 19, 1916. He attended St. Mary's High School, St. Bonaventure College, and the University of Scranton where he received his bachelor of science degree in 1938. College activities were many including, membership in the Pre-medical and Chemical Society, debating, college paper, and playing the clarinet and sax. Summers were spent working on the state highway, as camp counsellor, playground teacher, and waiter in a summer hotel. Ned has a flare for politics and was president of the class the sophomore year. He is a member of Phi Rho Sigma Medical Fraternity and Babcock Surgical Society of which he was treasurer the junior year, and president this year. Interneship is in Mercy Hospital, Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania.Edwin. Edward Wieckowski was born in Philadelphia on October 20, 1917, He attended Northeast High School and Temple University, was on the varsity tennis team, and graduated with a Bachelor of Science Degree. He has spent his summers as a camp doctor. He has a painstaking diligence and assiduity toward his chosen profession, and his proficiency is also seen in the realm of art in the form of water colors and soap carvings. He is a member of Babcock Surgical Society. His desires are three: Fritz, three children, and a sailboat. Interneship will be in the Frankford Hospital in Philadelphia.l ecfinJcl C. Wiffli iam5 Reginald Gaylord Williams began his extraordinary career July I, 1918 in Detroit, Michigan. The family moved to Plains, Pennsylvania where Reg went to high school. After this he attended Temple University for three years before entering the Medical School. He has spent his summers camping, as camp counsellor, and os beach doctor. This likeable fellow has an amazing alacrity and adroitness in whatever he does, and his ability is enhanced by Lady Luck who is always smiling on him. Wedding bells rang on December 23rd, 1941 as he wolked down the aisle with lovely Helen Claire Rink. Interneship will be in Atlantic City General Hospital.D. Another cosmopolite who mode his way into our class is this quiet, curly-haired, cheerful lad. Born in Omaha, Nebraska, on September I, 1917, he received his call to the Hippocratian Oath while living in Vienna, Austria, where his physician-father went to broaden his own medical and cultural background. He graduated from the Philadelphia Central High School and four years later, in '38, from the U. of P. with an A.B., but left behind monuments of his achievement: he founded the Undergraduate Pre-medical Society and the U. of P. Photographic Society. In Medical School, he joined the Babcock Society, and still retains his hobbies of photography and fencing, as well os literature and travelling. He will interne at Temple University Hospital. He is a member of Phi Delta Epsilon Fraternity. i !1AJ. -ranh 'lAJorthen Willard Frank Worfhen saluted this world on the morning of April 4, 1914 in Salt Lake City, Utah. Here he received his preliminary training in East High School after which he entered the University of Utah, receiving a B.A. degree in 1936. He was a member of Phi Sigma and Scabbard and Blade. He is interested in Army work and his avocation will probably become a vocation before very long. He attended the University of Utah School of Medicine for two years before coming East to complete his training. Summers have been spent working at various jobs to obtain tuition. He held a junior interneship at Doctor’s Hospital in Philadelphia and will interne in the Southern Pacific General Hospital, San Francisco, California.John Wozniolc came blustering into this world on September 23, 1915, in McKeesport, Pennsylvania. He attended high school in McKeesport and then entered Ursinus College where he graduated with a B.S. in 1938. He has spent his summers traveling and working in his mother's restaurant. For hobbies he lists photography, tennis, swimming, ping-pong, reading dramas, and weight-lifting. Of course you have heard Johnny say, "I've got a new joke, boys." Last summer he held a junior interneship in the McKeesport General Hospital where he returns for senior service. Am emorium rancis C unninalt am Francis R. Cunningham was born in New York City on June 20, 1915. He moved shortly to Miami Beach, Florida, where he lived and spent his early boyhood. From 1921 to 1925, Frank lived in France where he received his elementary education. After returning from France he conlinued his education at Hotchkiss School, Lakeville, Connecticut, and received his A.B. degree from Yale in 1938. His summers were spent hunting and fishing in Alaska and the North Woods. During Christmas vacation on December 18, 1939, Frank met his demise in an automobile accident on U.S. I south of Datona Beach, Florida. He was a member of The University Club of New York City.ALPHA OFFICERS President Arlington Bensel. Jr. Vice President Jack F. Bailey Treosorer. Secretory District Deputy W. Emory Burnett FACULTY A, Neil Lemon W. Edward Chamberlain Joseph S. Lynch Thomos M. Durant Waldo E. Nelson Frederick A. Fiske Earl A. Shrodcr Eugene T. Foy Harry L. Stewart, Jr. Jaques P. Gueauierre David Steuart Chevalier Jockson Theodore H. Swon John A. Kolmer Stoughton R. Vogel Paul Ambrose SENIORS James F. Collier Jock F, 8oi!ey Arlington Bensel. Jr. Lewis W. Berry David Pool Osborne Robert C. Brown Joseph A. Shelley Charless Orr Wogenhols JUNIORS Fronk L Richardson Walter W. Sowyer Don L. Boshline SOPHOMORES Harle 8. Grover George A. Oictrick, Jr. John H. Kolmer F Clay Gibson Korl A. Osborn Somuel Barr FRESHMEN Gco'ge A. McCloskey James Dill William A. Nickles Joseph A. Eyler Robert J. Snyder Frederick V. Lichtenfels George J. Urbon Matthew Monsuy Charles h . 1, Zeigler Front row, left to fight; Shelley. Osborne, Ambrose, Bensel. Bailey, Berry, Brown, Collier Second row, left to right: Bcshline. Grover, K. Osborn. Wogenhols, Snyder, Sawyer, Nickels, Eyler. Third row, left to right; Deitrich. Lichtctnfels. Urbon. Zeigler, McCloskey Mansvy, 8orr, Dill. Dr. Ourant enjoys Thanksgiving dinner with the AKK's. The Annual Tri chapter Dance.KAPPA KAPPA Beto Omicron found its roots in o group at Temple Medical called the Cresent Club. Under the guidance of Dr. Emory Burnett and the enthusiastic support of other faculty members of Alpha Kappa Kappa, the Crescent dub was transformed into the present chapter on May 7. 1932. Although its years number few, Beto Omicron has achieved a staunch position of leadership in the activities of the school. The newly elected Deputy. Dr. Chamberlain, is an enthusiastic booster and the other faculty members have always found time to visit Beta Omicron. Quite regularly the faculty is invited to a Saturday-night spaghetti dinner where the members have an opportunity to personally know their teochers. The present residence of Beta Omicron is conveniently located at 3329 N. 16th Street in a large, comfortable brick house. Here the members live in close fellowship. Beta Omicron has the distinction of being the only fraternity in the school that maintains the three-meals-a-day schedule. Before taking up the chore of evening study there ore many good tales traded at the after-dinner bull sessions. On numerous Saturday evenings the Fraternity entertains in an inimitable style in its new. improved basement "hide-away.” These "only night a week off" sessions sound the note for friends from other froternities to gather. The gaiety runs high and the memories of such evenings linger long. Member of Alpha Koppo Kappa o» work. Osborne and Tucrffs take the foreground »o trip the light fontoitic at the Tri-chapter Ball. Dr, W Edwara Cbombcrlom— District Deputy for Beto Omicron. Drs. Nelson and Collier discuss childhood tuberculosis while Or. Burnett entertains Brown with one of his good ones. The member of Phi Alpha Sigma. IOTA DF PHI ALPHA SIGMA Primoriu ... Sub-Primoriu Cujtos ....... Scribus....... OFFICERS .Francis J. Menopace ........Mile F. Dill .......George Wyche .....Robert W. Allen E. L. Clemens J. Garret! Hickey Wilmer Krusen J. Ray Von Motor S. L. Woodhouse. Jr. FACULTY Cborlc H. Grime M. J. Huffnaglo George McReynoldt L. R. Wolff Francis J. Monopacc SENIORS F. William Streck Robert W. Allen Frank A. Ambrose Victor J. Biermon Milos F. Dills Rodrigo Menende; Bernard Bellow Williom Freeman Richard Gove Louis Sonni JUNIORS Ervin E. Rodrigue; Williom Reed Joseph J. Tolond Joseph E. Gable SOPHOMORES Robert $. Spencer John C. Urie George Wyche Arthur W. Faust. Jr. Thomos A. McGovin Williom L. McKinney Robert L, Puncheon FRESHMEN Frederick C. Stellar Joseph H. Swift. Jr. Peter C. Yankowkas A few minutes of music after dinner always makes for better studying. A well supplied library settle all medical discuisions.The officer of Phi Alpho Sigmo. Although the Phi Alpha Sigma Medical Fraternity was established in 1886 at Bellevue Medical College, it was not until May 16. 1932 that lota was started at Temple. The chapter house is located at 3336 North Sixteenth Street. Here the members enjoy a spacious chapter room, an attractive dining room, and comfortable living quarters. The extensive library is of considerable value to the students. Members of the four classes reside in the house, and the upper classmen endeavor to establish scholastic standards which the preclinical students may profitably imitote. Throughout the group there is on attitude of friendly cooperation and mutual interest. For recreation the members of lota take to cards. chess, or table-tennis. Parties are occasionally held, and the interchapter social functions with the local sister groups of Phi Alpha Sigma provide a regular source of entertainment. In addition addresses by eminent medical personalities and medical moving pictures ploy a major role in extra-curricular activities. The Saturday night hospital' ol Phi Alpha Sigma it well known. Ping pong—the medical tlvdenft enerdic. Upper dots membert ore oiwov o give the frethmo" o 0f odvice.BETA ETA DF PHI BETA PI OFFICERS Archon..............................Horry E. O'Donnell Vice Archon.......... ............... John Reorick Secretary................ ..............John Woznialc Treasurer ...................... Myron W. Goughnour Some or the member of Phi Be»o Pi. All it not work for the Phi Be oi, 01 they entertain friends at one of the school donee . The newly acquired member ore becoming firm pillars in the fraternity. Bonzer's hand doesn't look good and we wonder what hi opponent bid on. By the look on McCoy’s face it most be another Wozniok joke.FACULTY H. L, BoMomly Edward Larson Jame E. Bowman Walter 1. Lillie Chorlc Brown Savere A. Madonna J Norman Coombs C. K. Miller T. Carroll Davis Charles S. Miller Chorles O. De Lucca Herbert Raines Dan J. Donnelly J. N. Richordson J. V. Farrell Melvin A. Saylor Glenn G. Gibson Henry Schneider L. Vincent Hayes Scott L. Verrci Frank W. Konrelmann Edward Weiss Clayton Beecham Jock Welfy SENIORS John D. Bonier Horry E. O'Donnell Eugene M. Frame David J. Phillips Myron W. Goughnour Kenneth L, McCoy John Rearick William O. Nunnally John Woxniok JUNIORS Robert B. Cochran Robert Rogers Joseph Mobey SOPHOMORES Earneit Grua Dale Thompson PLEDGES Kenneth Donford William Houser Erling Nord H. R. Piltingirud Meyer Muu L. H. Creighton Horold West Originally organized os the Upsilon Chapter of the Omega Upsilon Phi, Beta Eto is now a member of a progressive notional fraternity numbering over forty chapters in the prominent medical schools of the country. It was largely through the efforts of Drs. T. Carroll Davis and Edward Larson that the merger of the former nationol group with Phi Beta Pi was brought about. A small but compact group, the chapter is active in the notional organization as well as at Temple. Its members have always been active in class functions and extra-curricular campus endeavor. Included in its members in facul-tate are many of the most prominent members of the faculty whose guidance and interest are a source of pleasure and gratitude to every Phi Bete. Any evening the boys may be found at home at 3327 North 16th Street playing ping-pong or enjoying the "King's pastime" of Bridge until study hour rolls around. There nothing like o Phi Beta Pi porty. The informcl relaxation Ihot moke the life of a medical fraternity.Front row: Christion. Allen Boyer. Brundoge. Trotter. Dovey. Cosonovo. Second row: Garvin, Burgoon. Murtagh. Mo'row. Degge. Richer. Donnenberg. Third row; Wallace. Grover. Goodspeed. Ro»h. Cross. Fourth row: Davis. Florio. Vogglcr. Milliron Kelley, Rl oodej. Wendling, Race. Wotson. Krueger. Theta Senior President................. Junior President................ Secretory....................... Treasurer.................... FACULTY Robert K. Arbuckle Jesso O. Arnold G. Mason Astley W. Wayne Babcock Harry E. Bacon Allen G. Beckley G. C. Bird. Jr. John P. Emich George E. Farrar Phillip Fiscclla Frank L. Follweitcr Shermon F. Gilpin. Jr. G. P. Giambolvo Brodford Green S. Bruce Greenway Henry C. Groff Robert Allen David F. 8ew ...............Robert R. Trotter .................William Garvin ...............Oliver Brundage ................. Milton Grover MEMBERS Hugh Hoyford John leedom Hesser C. C. Lindig J. Royol Moore Morton J. OppenKeimer William N. Parkinson Wm. C. Pritchard James P. Quindlen Chester Reynolds Bruce S. Roxby John B. Roxby Harold C. Roxby William A. Steel Borton R. Young F. L. Zoborowski SENIORS J. Russell Davey. Jr. A. S. Casanova-Dior Franklin R. Boyer Lawrence Limbert William E. Brown Sidney R. Livingston Oliver H. Brundage Williom A. 0'8rien. Ill J. D. Christian Robert R. Trotter JUNIORS Carroll Burgoon Manson Meods Thurman Donnenberg Frederick Murtogh. Jr. James R. Degge Keith Fischer Edward Morrow, Jr. William Gorvin Arthur Ricker Milton Grover E. Jerome Vogeler Enoch Klimas James E. Wollace SOPHOMORES Albert J. Cross George Race Herbert Feft Fenn Ralph Williom Goodspeed Lawrence Gricsemer Chorles Roth George R. Grimes John Rhoads Frederick S. Kelley Horry Tropp Williom Milliron Woodrow W. Wendling FRESHMEN Edward Dovis Thomas R. C. Sisson Joseph Florio Hank Krueger James Watson Brother Zaborowski conducts on extraordinarily interesf-ng Officers of Phi Chi: Grover, treasurer; Garvin, junior president; Trotter, president; Brundage. secretory. seminor.’Subject: "The Breast." Nice slides, 'nn.Upsilon of Phi Chi Since Omego Upsilon Lambda was chartered as Theta Upsilon of Phi Chi in 1910. the local chapter has always been one of the largest organizations of its kind at Temple Medical School. Three years ago, the Chapter moved to its present home, a large, comfortable, and convenient house at 1512 W. Allegheny Avenue. Year by year, many changes have been made by a succession of industrious house managers: outstanding this year has been streamlining of the cellar into a recreation room and rathskeller where, once or twice a month, the relaxing brothers hold open house. Except for the above mentioned occasions, the house is customarily inhabited by students trying to emulote the illustrious records of their predecessors, many of whom are now prominent members of the medical profession. Further to stimulate the scholarship of the Phi Chi's, Dr. J. Royal Moore some years ago donated a trophy named in honor of Dr. W. Wayne Babcock; the scholarship cup is presented each year to the Senior having the highest average during his first three years. Throughout the year a number of seminars are held, and the fraternity has been fortunate in having several prominent faculty members as well as outstanding men from other institutions to conduct these meetings. Phi Chi strives to foster among its members a high standard of scholarship, a spirit of fellowship, and furtherance of the growing Temple traditions. Trotter ond Christian hove it out. Brother Kelley has grown efficient ot promoting |oviolity. Look at the barflies! The AKK's were hoving fun with us this evening. Is thot Bonier'! bock? More Rathskeller business!SIGMA DF OFFICERS Consul .................................... Lester M. Soidman Vice Consul..................................... Irving Rosenberg Chancellor.................................................Victor Kremens Secretory ..................................... George T. V ohl Senator ....................................... Morton Schwab FACULTY Simon Boll Nothon Blumberg L. S. Coplan Louis Cohen S. W. Eisenberg Mothew S. Ersner Isidor Formon Frank Glouser Martin Gold Somuel Goldberg J. N. Grossmon Sydney Horberg Maurice S. Jacobs Nothon M. Levin Dovid Myers Irving Rush Soul P. Savifz Michael Scott Horry Simpkins Louis Solorr Edward A. Steinfeld Henry J. Tumen E. M Weiberger Sydney Weiss Michael G. Wohl Joseph B, Wolffe SENIORS Mervin A. Mothios Morton E. Schwob Irving Rosenberg George T. Wohl Lester M. Saidmon JUNIORS Jay H. Davidson Victor Kremens Bruce Mocklcr Morton Marks Roymond Penney Lester Rouer SOPHOMORES Henry J. Dodnick Horold Schwarts Joseph Gordon Bernord Simon Milton Sarshik FRESHMEN Robert Brooks 8yron Clyman Bernard Eisenstcin Mclvyn Gardner Arthur Steifei Pool Steinhorn The officers of Phi Delto Epsilon-. Wohl Schwob. Saidmon, Rosenberg, Kremens. The undercloss postulate some profound problem. The pledges get in o huddle.PHI DELTA EPSILON Since its founding thirty-eight years ago at Cornell University, Phi Delta Epsilon has enjoyed a steady growth until today it looks with pride on sixty-two active chapters throughout the United States. The Center of Sigma activities is the chapter house at 1033 Spruce Street. Here Sigma men can be found almost any night solving the problems of the world in discussion around the bar. keeping the pounds down at the ping-pong table, ond diverting their minds from the cares of the day at bridge. On Saturday night, the cares of the week are forgotten, in the pleasure of mingling with the members of the other chapters (and their dates) at the regular weekly parties, sponsored in succession by the various chapters. Rosenberg «n er»oins while Soidman WoM. Mathglt. and Schwab look on. But the fun and frivolity of fraternity life is not allowed to overshadow the primary purpose of the members—to develop into good physicians. Scientific discussions and symposia are held in conjunction with the other chapters throughout the school term, in which the group is addressed by prominent practitioners and specialists representing many branches of medical thought. Though several banquets are held throughout the year, the social highlight of the Phi Delta Epsilon season is the annual Spring Formal, which this year was held at the Warwick Hotel, and the proceeds of which were devoted to the purchase of Defense Savings Bonds. The Sigma Chapter.ALPHA IOTA OF OFFICERS Worthy Superior ........ Worthy Chancellor . . ...... Worthy Guardian ..____... Worthy Scribe........... Honorary Worthy Superior .....Henry Luster Nathan Mbttleman Maurice Goldberg Bernard Margolij Dr. Jack S. goner FACULTY Morris Brody Herman 'Gold Lewis Hoberman Morris Kleinborf Julius Kimmelmon Louis Kimmelmon Joieph Levitsky Jerome Miller Henry Perlman Herman Snyder Louis Tuft J. G. Weiner Julios Winston Henry Woleshin SENIORS Milton A. Botoff Robert A. Broitman Abrohom M. Frumin Bernard Goluboff Henery Luster Nathan Mottlemon Joseph Rudolph Julius Schultz JUNIORS Samuel Chachkin Abraham Ginsburg Maurice Goldberg Nathan Kolinsky Morris J. Frumin SOPHOMORES Bernard Morgolis FRESHMEN Jacob Zofuchni 1 I tie Phi Lombda Kappas pose informally for the SKULL. 2 Mrs. Luster occomonios the chopter in a song fest. 3 Informal seminors maintain scholarship. A skeleton is always on hand at the Phi Lombda House for the boys who get lonely.PHI LAMBDA KAPPA The Phi Lambda Kappa Fraternity was founded in nineteen hundred and seven at the University of Pennsylvania Medical School. Since then, chapters have been formed at forty schools and alumni clubs in eighteen cities. The Alpha Iota chapter was formed at Temple Medical School fourteen years ago. The house for the four Philadelphia chapters is located at 1128 Spruce Street. There, at frequent parties, scientific lectures and meetings, members of the city's four medical schools meet for merriment, cultivation, and good fellowship. Thanksgiving and spring formals are given annually. To inspire excellence in the classroom there is a freshman award and a senior award presented by Dr. Tuft. With little time for non-essentials, the stated purpose of the local, as well as the national group is: To foster and maintain, among Jewish medical students and doctors, a spirit of froternalism and of mutual aid and moral support: to promote and advance the concepts of the medical sciences: to instill and maintain in the hearts of all members a love of and a loyalty to their Alma Mater and its ideals; to inculcate such ideals as will result in actions worthy of the highest precepts of human endeavor." The keynote of this group is froternalism and the aim of all the members is to make each member's four years easier and more enjoyable. 1 The officers of Phi Lambda Kappo. 2 Informal sessions around the radio provides relaxation. 3 Ping pong is one of the favorite pastimes ot the Phi tombda Kappo House.Phi Rho Sigmas stood on their front porch ond watch the passing poooromo. OFFICERS SENIORS Eldon G. Hoochlonder ...Charles H. McElwee ....Edward M. Whalen ...William J. Brensinger ....William F. Honisek Joseph £. Hoenningcr Charles H. McElwee L. Hyman Sanders John D. Walmer Edward M. Whalen President..... Vice President, Trcoturer..... Secretary..... Steward....... Ciinton S. Crissmon Jon P. Evans Fred E. Foertsch Frederich G. Hond Eldon G. Hoochlonder FACULTY JUNIORS Thomas Klein Pascal F. lucchesi A. A. Mitten Robert F. Ridpath W. Hershey Thomas Ernest Aegerter Ralph C. Bradley Socki 8ricker Joseph C. Doonc John F. Huber Robert S. Huffner H. Leroy Allen Donald P. Bloser William F. Hanisek Clarence L Lehman James S. Nowell Howard E. Prolt Donald H. Rice Edward C. Uhrich Franklin G. Zerbe McElwee. Hoochlonaer. Crissmon. ord Hoenningcr ploy nightly gomes of bridge, the life of seniors. The Phi Rho parties ore among the most fomous ones; hi their hospitality and good will is hard to equol.The Alpha Lambda Chapter of Phi Rho Sigma was founded in December. 1931. through the efforts of Dr. J. C. Doane. Dr. R. F. Ridpath. and the late Drs. A. C. Morgan and H. Z. Hibschman. Approval of the organization was granted by the University Council in February, 1932. The chapter house is located conveniently at 3232 N. 16th Street. There are rooms for fifteen members. The boarding club, where the majority of the members eat. forms an important link in fraternity life. In order that the embryo medicos may break away from the rigorous demands of class and hospitol work for a short time, there is ample opportunity for relaxation. Darts, table tennis or cards may be played; in addition there is a chapter library to which aspiring students may refer if they consider their own textbooks inadequate. At intervals faculty members present interesting fireside chats concerning their specialties or other phases of medicine in a much more informal manner than is possible in the classroom. The peak of the fraternity's social season is in the cnnual Trf-chopter Ball. The steadily increasing membership, os well as the academic achievements of the members, are tributes to the success of the fraternity. The usual alter dinner bull sessions o Phi Rho ore no famous R H D SIGMA The old piano i still capable of o few hormoniou bort Ned Whalen scent Saturday ofternoon of the Temple Sfodium. The Phi Rho ore men of outstanding athletic obility os e«emplifi»d by the great weight lifter Clinton C'issmon. SOPHOMORES Dor.ald J. Casey Richard G. Mortin Joseph E. Conrad Horry G. Neese Thomas E. Wagner. Jr. William J. Brensinger Herbert L. Miller William Evon Fronklin B. Watters FRESHMEN PLEDGE Howard N Boise John W. Larson John J. laneriThe Thirty-Fifth Anniversary of THE BABCOCK SUBGICAL SOCIETY OFFICERS Honorary President W. Wayne Babcock, A.M.. M.D., LL.D., F.A.C.S. President William A. Steel, B.S., M.D., F.A.C.S. Vice President . . . John P. Emich, M.D. Student President Edward M. Whalen Secretary ...........................Arthur E. Brown t iSENIORS Paul Ambrosa John R. Bobb Fronklin Boyer Williom C. Brown Oliver H. Brundoge A. S. Caionovo-Dioz Toby Groco Granville Lawrence Sydney Livingston Ralph D. Luther Charles McElwee Carl E. Newhart David J. Phillips James J. Richardson Joseph A. Shelley John H. Shugert John J. Walmer Edward M. Wholen Edwin E. Wieclcowski George T. Wohl JUNIORS Arthur E. Brown Corroll F. Burgoon William J. Garvin Benjamin N. Hammers Williom F. Hanisek Samuel M. Hozlett Robert H. High John K. Kitzmiller Victor Kremons Cloronco L. Lohman Edward R. Lucente Joseph F. Maybey Bruce Mackler Manson Moods Fredorick Murtogh Raymond Penneys Lester Rauer Sidney G. Sedwick Andrew Sokalchuk Williom D. Todhunter SOPHOMORES Donold Bashline Albert J. Cross John P. Emich. Jr. Herbert C. Fett. Jr. Henry Fleischman William S. Frccmon John H. Kolmer Sterling A. MocKinnon Walter H. Moloney George F. Parrott Dr. I. 5. Ravdin delivers a lecture on the wounds treated o' Pearl Harbor, in honor of Dr W, Wavne Babcock. Dean Parkinson introduces the honored guest. Dr. W. Wayne 8obcock Drs. 8abcock and Parl nson cote before tho banquet for the SKULL photegropher.HISTORY GF THE BABCOCK SURGICAL SOCICTY by Professor William A. Steel Thirty-five years ago, at the night clinic of the embryo Temple Medical School, a relatively unknown. boyish surgeon demonstrated hersoge. or nerve fibre freeing, following a brachial plexus injury. The following evening in the dissecting room seven students worked out a brachial plexus in an effort to understand the fine piece of nerve surgery done by Dr. Babcock the night before. Then and there the idea of honoring this young and brilliant surgeon was conceived, and one month later, on October 9th, 1907. the Babcock Surgical Society was born. This first dissecting room was in the hay loft over the ambulance horses in the lot back of the old Samaritan Hospital. The men were night-students in what was then dubbed the Temple Sunset School; a medical school whose M. D. degree followed a five-year course of ten months each year, with hours six days each week from seven to ten P. M. or longer. The students worked all day for their livelihood and studied when they could. Our Society's strength and success today may well be traced to the energy, effort and grit which these pioneers passed on to their successors. The Society's objects were largely extra-curricular —such os presentation of student papers covering medical history, the lives of famous surgeons and medical subjects not stressed in the clossroom. Most pleosing to the undergraduates was the social contact with teachers from their school and with surgeons from other local and distant medical schools. The number of such contacts is shown by the list of famous guest speakers which is almost a surgical Who's Who of the past quarter century. For mony years the quarterly meetings were held alternately at the homes of Drs. Babcock and Steel. Clinics given by guest surgeons were held in the old Samaritan operoting-room. and later in the more commodious quarters of the new hospital or medical school. The yearly spring banquet has gradually assumed the character of on annual medical school affair. An occasion of home-coming of the older graduates and honored guests of post years, with a gathering of eminent surgeons from all ports of the East. The influence of the Society extends far beyond the limits of the medical school. Its coveted membership key is worn by graduates throughout the United States; and presented as a mark of honorary membership to famous medical guests, and on occasion to laymen, who have done something outstanding for the Society. It is a matter of pride to today s student that he belongs to the only under-graduate medical society in the United States which has existed for thirty-five years under its original name, and with its original Patron still an active, hard-going young surgeon, and to its pioneers a satisfaction to have created an organization of six hundred and fifty active ond fifty honorary members, all of which they saw and some of which they were.''CHARTER MEMBERS OCTOBER 9th, 1907 1. . . . WILLIAM A. STEEL PRESIDENT 8. 9. E. E. LENHARDT G. W. MANNING 2. 3. C. T. RUSSELL A. N. COLE 10. JULES PREVOST SECRETARY 4. W. D. LEITHGOW 11. J. S. GALLAGHER 5. G. A. LAWRENCE 12. 13. R. T. DEVEREUX J. H. SNOKE b. F. E. FREEMAN 14. J. C. ROMMEL 7. M. C. O'BRIEN 15. .H. W. BOEHRINGER 235236The Practice of Medicine by Dr. W. Woyne Babcock, A.M., M.D., LL.D., F.A.C.S. Professor of Surgery and Clinical Surgery All may be synthetic and carry a degree of toxi- It has been written that medicine should be restudied every seven years lest the advances of a previous decade be forgotten under the flood of medical advance. Surely it is difficult to cling to the old when a thousand things are urged os better. The white basin of the professional blood-letter no longer hongs in the window of the Philadelphia barber, nor does that overworked prescription of Revolutionary days. "5 and 10" (Jalap 5 grs., Calomel 10 grs.), engage the apothecaries, yet our hospital received a very substantial donation because an intern recalled a life-saving use for phlebotomy, and many a patient went to an untimely end during the period when the forgotten "5 and 10" principle had yet to be reintroduced under the designation "mercurial diuretic." Only a supermind could keep in use the innumerable details of the art of medicine. Most of us use or will use but few medicines but we follow the prevalent fashion although it may not be the best practice. At present prescribing seems to include rather routinely a barbituate. a sulfonamide, vitamins, and possibly a hormone. city of the parent coal tar. As always, we hope for something better in the next decade. How easy it is to misapply the physiologic requirements of a healthy active person to the limitations of the sick. For example, an authority offers proof that an adult loses 3500 cc of water daily—and so in a thousand surgical clinics we thoughtlessly drown the tissues of immobilized elderly surgical patients. Diagnostic aids have multiplied to a degree difficult to compute. At times they lead us to omit the diagnostic use of our own five senses, which always should be brought to full use before putting responsibility on ancillary measures for which we so heavily lean on the laboratories. A recently lamented colleague strongly emphasized simple personal methods—even olfaction. Though judgment be often fallacious and reason difficult, we should make full use of the diagnostic methods of which we are capable. The Class of 1942 carries my affection and hope of abundantly successful careers in the service of the afflicted.Lure, Curiusity, Ambition, Devotion, Fruition. by Dr. Charles L. Brown, B.S., M.D., F.A.C.P. Professor of Medicine and Head of the Department of Medicine The lure of Medicine. What is it that attracts young men and women to the study of Medicine? Many factors are involved, and it is difficult to answer this question in definitive language. So often it is said that one enters this profession or that because of receiving the "call"; some inherent feeling has guided one into his or her life’s work in which he or she can be of most useful service and good to one's fellow-man, which further implies thot one is especially equipped temperamentally and otherwise to accomplish the greatest achievements in a particular field. One anticipates doing well because one loves this field of work. Others are attracted through admiration and respect for the family physician, or father or friend who is a physician, and wish to emulate him in his character and accomplishments. Today, more than ever before, students arrive in Medical School because of having developed an interest in Medicine during their earlier school days. The fundamental knowledge of the biological sciences taught in our High Schools and Colleges is shown to have such thorough practical application in the diagnosis and treatment of human ills, and when the young student is confronted with choosing his life's work, whether he will be an engineer, a chemist, a geologist, a minister, a lawyer, or follow some other profession, trade or business, this bosic knowledge not only encourages the call.'' but strengthens the "call" if it is there. The desire, the fundamental training, and the aptitude for the profession constitute the "follow through" of the lure to the study of Medicine. It is a fascinating and never ending study which grows without mathematical limitations: every patient is a problem unto himself, and the individual features of his illness provide the comprehensive and fertile field for scientific exploration and investigation; the love of people and a growing understanding of human nature round out the fullness of ability and usefulness of the true physician. There is a happy blending of the science and the art of the practice of Medicine. To you. Seniors, I say your arrival at Commencement is evidence of your full response to the lure of Medicine, and my heartiest congratulations to you. Graduation from Medical School in 1942 carries with it great and different responsibilities and privileges: it is the first year of World War II. and the military services, as well os the civilian population need the benefit of your training and ability. Have no fear; you have been trained well and have "caught the spirit." Wherever duty calls, you will continue to make progress, come to full realization of your many privileges, and Temple will be proud of you. Having gained your fundamental start, the further successful pursuit of your profession, in a large measure, will depend upon curiosity, ambition. and devotion to your work. Health, discipline of mind, and opportunity will influence the individual outcome. 238Curiosity tronsforms the dullest clinical problem into one of great interest: curiosity is the mother of many ideas for investigation and research. Fortunate, indeed, is the patient whose physician maintains a sense of curiosity about his condition. Given a patient with muscular cramps and twitching who has had prolonged vomiting or excessive perspirotion; ask yourself why are these symtoms coexistent. The problem becomes more interesting when one's curiosity leads to the investigation and the correlation of the accompanying metabolic disorder of tetany to these symptoms. The satisfaction of understanding is a comforting reward. The patient is treated more efficiently. The curiosity about on obscure weakness may result in establishment of a definite diagnosis and proper treatment of myasthenia gravis or adrenal insufficiency. Many illustrations might be given, but, fundamentally, curiosity is the initiating factor in stimulating interest, pursuit of investigation, and final satisfaction in understanding. Ambition is variable, it is stimulated by success and is depressed by failure. Ambition is the drive necessary for success, and the physician in the face of discouragement should find a way to regenerate the ambition that carried him through his years of training. Devotion, or consecration to his work, is a spiritual quality and can not be measured by ordinary standards. It involves an intensity of purpose exemplified in persevering study in the laboratory, at the bedside, in the library, a relationship of sympathy between the physicion and the patient, the promotion of science and care of the patient without thought of promotion of self, and a sense of responsibility to the community. Curiosity, ambition, and devotion are the ways and means to the ripe fruition of the physician. When is the fruition of the physicion complete? Probably never, even to the end of his days: if his has been a full life, the influence of his character and accomplishments will be felt long after his going, and the seeds he has sown will continue to bear fruit. Medicine is so comprehensive in its scope that no one can become proficient in all of its phases and branches: even one can not keep familiar with all of the literature of Medicine. Graduate education is highly desirable, and a certain amount is necessary. It seems that too much can not be obtained. The internship and the residency ore the orthodox forms of training: the more special training is not available to all, and it is not desirable that it should be so. The general practitioner will continue to be the backbone of the medical profession, and the well trained family physician is entrusted with many joys and privileges held by no one else. In whatever field of endeavor, the physicion has four responsibilities, the procurement of established fact and knowledge, the proper and efficient care of the patient, the imparting of knowledge to others in the field of Medicine, and the addition of knowledge through investigation and research. The execution of these responsibilities to the best of one's ability and opportunity provides a full and happy life. Having been lured by the fascination of Medicine. curiosity, ambition, and devotion lead to a bountiful fruition of the physician. 239PERSONAL and PROFESSIONAL INTANGIBLES by Dr. Joseph C. Doane, M.D., F.A.C.P. Professor of Clinical Medicine Most will agree that a Class A medical school is capable of fitting young men and women of average intellectual ability to meet the scientific requirements of the public during their after years of practice. But by the processes of class room instruction the most important traits of a safe physician can in no degree be inculcated in a student. You cannot by lecture or by class drill create uprightness, probity of character, straight moral thinking and a high ethical vision. Medical colleges have not as yet been able to find a formula by which the character of the pre-medical student and hence of the future physician may be gauged. In other words, medical training is not capable of developing or even originating some of the social and personal excellencies which are perhaps greater determining factors in success than a knowledge of anatomy or of organic chemistry. Little instruction is given in the medical class room in recognizing and adopting what Osier has termed “a proper way of life." Some young physicians stumble into financial pitfalls early. May I direct attention to the danger of assuming early in the young physician's professional life a continuing expense which ever mounts and never recedes. It appears as sound advice to grow slowly in physical equipment, to progress consistently year by year in mentol attainment. Keeping up with the Medical Joneses is a dangerous slogan for the youthful doctor. A knowledge of the psychology of human beings in distress is of prime importance. Sickness plus personality produces an end result which is not of test tube simplicity. It may bring out such traits as bravery, understanding, courtesy and kindness, the presence of which have not been suspected hitherto, or it may produce discourtesy, selfishness and the cruder traits of humon nature. Herein lies the value of bedside experience. Again to understand that all persons, men and women of whatever social grade, possess a modicum of modesty is highly important. To remember that beside etiquette requires an entirely new attitude on the part of the physician than that which he might adopt elsewhere—warm clean hands and stethescope bowls, an avoidance of any personal reference to unusual physical appearance or findings ore good practices to early adopt. It is questionable whether the young physician should allow himself to be unusually attracted by local political, lodge or fraternal groups. The discussion of controversial subjects with the patient or his relatives is to be avoided. One should not be considered puritanical in his outlook if he directs attention to the devastating effect of the use of alcohol on the reputation of the physician. Immaculate personal appearance in dress is to be recommended. Smoking in the presence of the patient is to be deprecated. Was it not Oliver Wendell Holmes who cautioned other members of a Harvard graduating class against appearing in the boudoir of suffering loveliness reminiscent of the odors of an extinguished meerschaum. I have often thought of the irresistible drawing power of confidence in a physician which he has unconsciously built. The X in the Rx represents that unknown quality which causes a patient to believe that this physician and this physician alone possesses an ability to so combine his me- 240dicaments thot relief is sure to follow their ingestion. This abstract quality called patient's confidence in his doctor'' drows him over countless miles past the offices of excellent colleagues and by the open doors of the most splendid institutions. How it is built, nurtured and increased no one individual moy say. It is no doubt a recognized combination of probity of character, unselfishness of service and a medicol knowledge grown ripe with experience. The practitioner of yesteryear possessed in full measure this ability to inspire belief in himself. He it was who in his solitary midnight drives would stop to inquire if all were well when a lonely hillside farmhouse displayed a light which usually was not there. He practiced the science of medicine perhaps not with the same finesse as his present day colleagues, but even to a greoter degree was he a student of practical human psychology. He knew what misfortune does to character. He recognized that such a high sounding name as ethics is but a description of the simple rules which ought to determine our relationship with our fellow. The young physician os he enters practice should carefully consider the business policies under which he will conduct his office. It is far better to be utterly frank with one's patients as to the expense of treatment. Bills should be sent monthly; contract prices for the treatment of a medical or surgical condition are to be avoided. Office fees may hove to be altered to suit the individual and still no implication should be made that favoritism is being shown. Probably it is unwise to endeavor to collect bills by the process of law. If patients are encouraged to pay os they go. this will often not be necessary. To be socially friendly with many of one's patients is probably not wise. One notes that when a family with whom the physician has vacationed, golfed or fished experiences a serious illness, the advice of another is frequently sought. To refuse to visit a new potient until one is certain that no other doctor is in attendance is a right and proper practice. An occasional patient lost through adherence to this rule will represent many gained because of a proven desire on the part of the doctor to be ethical. It does not harm the reputation of a physician to perform services which are not wholly medical. To meet a train and bring the mother of a stricken patient to her bedside is a nice gesture. To send greeting cards on the birthday of patients creates a splendid impression of continuing interest. Such an act is not cheap nor compromising to the dignity of the doctor. The physician is not a scientific automaton who lives and moves mechanically in a community. He should be always the exemplification of those fine human virtues which only serve as a background to bring out the finer and firmer lines of his scientific ability in the presence of sickness. Just as acute suffering con result when minds ore distressed and hope for the future foils os when inflammation flares and fever mounts. At the outstart I remarked on the abstract nature of professional and personal reputation. As I reread my endeavor to describe its dimensions of the fabric of which it is made I om forced to conclude thot being a good’ doctor is a goal worthy of our very best effort. For the good doctor is by the same token an understanding father—a community leader in all that is fine and above all a good citizen. 241The Ophthalmoscopic Aspects of Hypertension Walter I. Lillie, M.D., M.S. (Ophthalmology). F.A.C.S. Professor of Ophthalmology Since the invention of the ophthalmoscope by Helmholtz in 1851. and its subsequent improvements to the present simple electric instrument, studies and interpretations of pathologic eye-grounds associated with general diseases have kept pace with medical progress. Arterial hypertension is the result of an increased peripheral resistance secondary to arteriolar constriction. Inasmuch as the retinal arterioles ore the most accessible portion of the peripheral arteriolar bed for observation and study, ophthalmologists have assumed an important role in aiding the internist to properly classify arterial hypertension by correctly interpreting the associated retinol changes. These primary changes are observed in the retinal arterioles and may be functional or organic in nature. The functional changes ore those that may and do occur before permanent organic damage becomes visible. The rapidity of the hypertensive changes depends on how readily the peripheral arteriolar system responds or compensates to whatever is producing the clinical picture of hypertension. In essential hypertension, if the onset is not too precipitous, the retinol orterioles reveal a generalized constriction or attenuation without any irregularities in the lumen. Usually the nasal retinal branches are first involved in their second and third bifurcations. Associated with this, the arteriolar light reflex is widened, and arteriovenous crossings show compression. If the onset of the hypertension is precipitous, the functional changes observed in the retinal arterioles develop more rapidly and are more severe, but may be transitory. Superimposed upon the general attenuation or constriction of the arterioles, localized spasms of the arterioles occur, which in turn, depending on the severity of the spasm or complete obliteration of the retinal arteriole should not be interpreted os a definite organic change at this stage. Repeated observations reveal that the arteriole may. and sometimes does, return to normal if the cause is eliminated before organic changes occur. Persistence of the general attenuation or constriction of the arterioles results in domaqe to the intima. which is revealed as irregularities in the lumen of arterioles. When this occurs, sclerosis is now superimposed on the already described functional picture, which signifies permanent damage to the peripheral arteriolar system. Depending upon the frequency of these irregularities, the sclerosis is classified in degree from I to 4, which is on arbitrary classification similar to that universally used for the Wassermann reaction. When generalized attenuation of the orterioles is observed with the evidence of sclerosis, graded from I to 4, with the associated widening of the arteriolar reflex stripe and arteriovenous compression the patient can be classified clinically as having essential or "benign" hypertension. The systolic and diastolic pressure will be elevated in proportion to the severity of the arteriolar changes, but the cardiac and renal function may be quite adequate and the prognosis satisfactory. Associated with these retinal changes, a thrombosis of a branch of the central retinal vein sometimes occurs. This is purely a local change due to excessive compression by a sclerosed arteriole at its venous crossing, and should not be confused with a retinitis of severe benign hypertension. The hemorrhages and exudates will absorb os soon as a collateral circulation is developed. The mortality rate in this group (aged 18 to 65) is about 30 per cent, in a four-year period. The retinal changes of severe "benign" hypertension are characterized by the presence of exudates and hemorrhages associated with mild angiospasm of the retinal arterioles with irregularity of the lumen (sclerosis), widened arteriolar reflex stripe and arteriovenous compression, but without edema of the disks. The presence of this retinitis is significant of severe vosculor damage, and both the systolic and diastolic pressure will be consistently higher than in the essential hypertension group, but the cardiac and renal function remain quite satisfactory for a variable period although early impairment may occur. This ophthalmic observation is highly significant when one realizes that most hypertensive patients are ambulatory and their systemic symptoms are usually not severe. The presence of the retinitis increases the mortality rate in the same age group from 30 per cent, to 65 per cent, in a four-year period. 242Angiospostic hypertension may be divided into a pre-orgonic and organic phase. The term "angiospasm" signifies a narrowing of an arteriole either partially or completely to such an extent that it oppears as an ill-defined line. When the peripheral arteriolar bed is precipitously affected without previous organic damage the fundus presents a picture of edema of the disk and retina with associated cotton-wool exudates and hemorrhages, markedly attenuated or even completely obliterated arterioles, without evidence of sclerosis. Just how long angiospasm can persist without producing permanent damage to the arterioles is not known. If the basic cause con be eliminated before a permanent vascular change takes place, this type of retinitis con improve or may subside without residual vascular damage. The mortality rate in this group increases from 65 per cent, in the severe benign hypertension group to an 87 per cent, rote in a four-year period. If the precipitous angiospasm is severe enough to produce early vascular damage, or if it is superimposed on a previously damaged peripheral arteriolar bed, the retinitis is characterized by edema of the disk and retina, with associated cotton-wool exudates and hemorrhages and definite sclerosis of the retinal arterioles. When this change is observed, the retinitis of malignant hypertension is present. The presence of an incomplete or complete macular star, not infrequently seen in both the pre-organic and organic angiospastic retinitis, signifies that the retinal edema is absorbing and the retinitis has been more severe. It does not mean that there is an associated nephritis, as often in this group the renal function is quite adequate. The mortality rote increases to 94 per cent, in a four-year period in malignant hypertension. Until recently it had been generally accepted that any fundus revealing diffuse edema of the disk and retina associated with cotton-wool exudates. hemorrhages and macular stars was caused by a toxin of some nitrogenous waste product in the blood due to reduced renal function. This had been accepted even though it was well known that the toxin of some nitrogenous waste product in the blood associated with pros-totic obstruction, hydronephrosis or pyelonephritis rarely if ever produced a retinitis. Rather, it is the hypertension itself, with its associated angiospasm (and not the retention of nitrogenous waste products) that is responsible for the retinal changes. The acute angiospostic retinitis which occurs somewhat precipitously as a terminal complication of glomerulonephritis is associated with the hypertension and severe secondary anemia which accompanies the renal insufficiency. The disks, retina and choroid are anemic, and the edema, cotton-wool exudates and hemorrhages are associated with spastic or attenuated retinal arterioles. At times a diffuse edema of the retina accompanies the generalized body edema in cases of subacute or chronic glomerulonephritis. This latter type of retinitis is never seen in essential hypertension. According to Wagener, the mortality rate is greater in this group thon that for malignant hypertension; most patients die within six months after the oppearance il the retinitis. The term albuminuric retinitis has loosely included all of the above described types of retinitis and obviously is a misnomer, and should be eliminated from our present-day terminology as it is too all-inclusive. Moreover, the albuminuria is not the factor responsible for the retinal changes. Careful ophthalmoscopic study of retinal lesions associated with arterio! hypertension when properly interpreted will best classify hypertension from a clinical and pathologic standpoint. In brief, angiospastic changes in the retinol arterioles signify progressive activity. Sclerosis of the retinal arterioles signifies chronicity rather than activity. The conversion of angiospastic into sclerotic lesions signifies an individual ability to resist the spastic features of hypertension. The development of a -•etinitis is a serious prognostic sign, and the presence of edema of the optic disks in association with the other hypertensive retinal changes is almost always a fatal prognostic sign. The clinical and ophthalmologic classification of arterial hypertension as proposed and used by Keith and Wagener, not only represents an advance in our knowledge, but gives practical help in the management of an all too common general condition. Its adoption would be a great aid to ophthalmologists and internists to understand better the clinical problems of arterial hypertension. “Cardiovascular Renal Disease—Appleton Century Co., 1940. 243COMMENCEMENT by Dr. Thomas M. Durant, B.S., M.D., F.A.C.P. Associate Professor of Medicine Graduation, for the medical student, marks the attainment of a long and zealously sought goal, and is an attainment of which he may be justly proud. Far more important, however, it marks the commencement of a life of service on behalf of a humanity which is subject to many ills and heartaches. His will be the magnificent privilege of applying freely the discoveries of the greatest of medical scientists, a heritage equalled by few others in this life. As he runs the race that is set before him he will come to regard as one of his greatest rewards the joy of beholding suffering alleviated and, often, health restored as a result of his ministrations. Happy is that doctor who, in devoting himself to continuous scientific advance, does not neglect spiritual development. Such a one will be able to fulfill, not only the needs in his own life, but those of many who come in contact with him. It is devoutly to be desired that his life may be dedicated to the Great Physician who, with His healing touch, gives a peace which passes all understanding. 244The baptist temple CFOUNOEO BY RUSSELL H CONWELL) Broad and Berks Streets Philadelphia DANIEL A. POLING MINISTER To the Senior Class, 1942, of the Temple University School of Medicine: I am happy to have the opportunity to greet you through the pages of "THE SKULL," and to congratulate each one of you upon the completion of your educational preparation. In a world torn by strife and filled with suffering, your trained services will be needed more than ever before. You may not be able, as originally you planned when you entered the University, to go forward in your chosen profession, but at your country's call you may face an even greater opportunity to serve mankind. In such a time as this, the doctor has not only responsibility for the well-being of the bodies of men, but for the minds and spirits. Frequently the greatest victories are won "behind the lines." I have had the pleasure of meeting many of you personally during your years at Temple. What you have already accomplished is a notable achievement. I count it a privilege to send you this greeting and to express my every good wish for you in the future. Sincerely, 2Wuf (3. Paf;«3 DAPrfsh 245Faculty of the Temple University School of Medicine ANATOMY JOHN B. ROXBY. M.D. Professor of Anatomy WILLIAM C. PRITCHARD. M.D. Profossor of Histology and Embryology JOHN FRANKLIN HU8ER. A.M.. M.D.. Ph.D. Associate Professor of Anatomy. Histology and Embryology MOE B. MARKUS. D.D.S. Lecturer on the Anotomy of the Mouth and Jows CLINTON S. HERRMAN. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Demonstrator of Anatomy JOSEPH C. DONNELLY. A.B. D.D.S.. M.D. F.A.C.S. Demonstrator of Anatomy PHILENA EVANS CHASE. A.B.. Ph.D. Instructor In Histology and Embryology FRANK GLAUSER. M.D. Assistant in Anatomy JEAN KENDRICK WESTON. M.A.. Ph.D.. M.D. Assistant In Anotomy BACTERIOLOGY. PARASITOLOGY AND IMMUNOLOGY JOHN A. KOLMER. M.S.. M.D.. Dr. P.H.. D.Sc.. LL.D.. L.H.D.. F.A.C.P. Professor of Medicine and in chorge of Bacteriology and Immunology EDWIN S. GAULT. M.D. Associate Profossor of Pothology and Bocteriology EARLE H. SPAULDING. B.A., Ph.D. Assistant Professor of Bacteriology LOUIS TUFT. M.D. Associate in Medicine (Immunology) LeROY J. WENGER. M.D. Associate in Medicine (Immunology) AUGUSTIN R. PEALE. A.8.. M.D. Instructor in Bactoriology and Pathology ROBERT H. GUIBERSON. B.S.. M.S. Instructor in Bactoriology DOROTHY SAGE. B.S., M.A. Instructor in Bactoriology BRONCHO-ESOPHAGOLOGY CHEVALIER JACKSON. M.D.. Sc.D.. LL.D.. F.A.C.S. Honorary Professor of Broncho-esophogology CHEVALIER L. JACKSON. A.B.. M.D.. M.Sc. (Med.). F.A.C.S. Professor of Broncho-esophogology EMILY VAN LOON. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Associate Professor of Broncho-esophogology CHEMISTRY AND TOXICOLOGY MELVIN A. SAYLOR. B.S.. M.D. Professor of Physiological Chomistry MONA ADOLF. M.D. Professor of Colloid Chemistry EARL A. SHRADER. B.Sc.. M.S. Ch.E.. Ed.D. Associate Professor of Physiological Chemistry ROBERT H. HAMILTON. Jr.. M.A.. Ph.D., M.D. Associate Professor of Physiological Chemistry DERMATOLOGY AND SYPHILOLOGY CARROLL S. WRIGHT. B.S.. M.D. Professor of Dermatology and Syphilology JACQUES GUEQUIERRE. B.S.. M.D. Associate Profossor of Dermatology and Syphilology REUBEN FRIEDMAN. M.D. Assistant Professor of Dermatology and Syphilology J. NEAFIE RICHARDSON. B.S.. M.D. Instructor in Dermatology and Syphilology STANLEY JOSEPH SKROMAK, M.D. Instructor in Dormotology and Syphilology KENNETH M. REIGHTER B.S.. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Dermatology and Syphilology GENNARO C. NICASTRO. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Dermatology and Syphilology M. H. SAMITZ. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Dermatology and Syphilology LARYNGOLOGY AND RHINOLOGY ROBERT F. RIDPATH. M.D.. Sc.D.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Laryngology and Rhinology T. CARROLL DAVIS. P.D., M.D.. F.A.C.S. Clinicol Professor of Loryngology ond Rhinology CHARLES Q. DeLUCA. M.D. Assistant Professor of Loryngology and Rhinology A. NEIL LEMON. M.D. Assistant Professor of Laryngology and Rhinology J. WESLEY ANDERS. M.D. Associate in Laryngology and Rhinology CHARLES H. GRIMES. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Associate in Laryngology ond Rhinology SAMUEL S. RINGOLD. M.D. Lecturer on Laryngology and Rhinology MERRILL 8EMIS HAYES' A.8.. M.D. Instructor in Laryngology and Rhinology KERMAN SNYDER. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Loryngology and Rhinology MORRIS S. ETTENGER. B.A.. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Laryngology and Rhinology MEDICINE CHARLES LEONARD BROWN B.S., M.D.. F.A.C.P. Professor of Medicine and Heod of the Deportment of Medicine Temple University Staff CHARLES LEONARD BROWN. B.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.P Professor of Medicine JOHN A. KOLMER. M.S.. M.D.. Dr.P.H.. D.Sc.. LL.D.. LH.D.. F.A.C.P. Professor of Medicine. Im. EDWARD WEISS. M.D.. F.A.C.P. Professor of Clinical Medicine ALLEN G. BECKLEY. M.D.. F.A.C.P Clinical Professor of Medicine MICHAEL G. WOHL. M.D. Associate Professor of Medicine. End. JOSEPH B. WOLFFE. M.D. Associoto Profossor of Medicine. Card. WILLIAM A. SWALM. M.D. Associoto Professor of Medicine. G. I. G. MORTON ILLMAN. M.D. Associoto Profossor of Medicine JOHN LANSBURY. M.D.. C.M.. M.S.. F.A.C.P. Associoto Professor of Modicine THOMAS M. DURANT. 8.S.. M.O.. F.A.C.P. Associoto Profossor of Medicine SAMUEL A. SAVITZ. M.D. Associoto Professor of Medicine GEORGE E. FARRAR. JR.. B.S., M.D. Assistant Profossor of Medicine, Hem. DANIEL J. DONNELLY. M.D. Assistant Professor of Modicine LOUIS COHEN. M.D. Assistant Profossor of Modicine. Chest LOUIS TUFT. M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine. Im. HENRY C. GROFF. M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine ELLIS B. HORWITZ. M.D. Associoto in Medicine. G. I." REUBEN DAVIS. M.D. Associoto in Medicine. Met, LEROY J. WENGER. M.D. Associoto in Medicine. Im. RALPH A. KLEMM. M.D. Associate in Medicine MORRIS KLEINBART. M.D. Associate in Modicine LOUIS SOLOFF A.B.. M.D. Associate in Medicine MAX B. WALKOW. B.S.. M.D. Instructor in Medicine, Card. ROBERT F. STERNER. B.S.. M.D. Instructor in Modicine. G. I 246SAVERE F. MADONNA. M.D. Instructor in Medicine MAX SCHUMANN. M.D. Instructor in Medicine. Cord. GEORGE ISAAC BLUMSTEIN. M.D. Instructor in Medicine. Im. J. PAUL AUSTIN. M.D. Instructor in Medicine. Met. ISADORE WILCHER GlNSBURG. A.B.. M.D. Instructor in Medicine STOUGHTON R. VOGEL. M.D. Instructor in Medicine DAVID SUITER. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Medicine. G. I. EMANUEL M. WEINBERGER. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Medicine Chest MILFORD J. HUFFNAGLE. A.B.. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Medicine VICTOR ANDRE DIGILIO. B.S.. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Medicine. Cord. DAVID STEUAP.T. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine. Cord. FRANK M. DYSON, M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine, Card. JOSEPH A. PESCATORRE. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine, End. LAWRENCE N. ETTELSON. B.S.. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Medicine. End. LEON S. CAPLAN. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Medicine. Chest C. CHARLES IMPERIALE. A.B.. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Medicine LESTER MORRISON, M.D. Clinicol Assistont in Medicine. G. I. ROBERT COHEN, M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine JEROME MILLER. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Medicine. Im. OSCAR T. WOOD. B.S.. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine. Phys. Mod. BRUCE STEELE ROXBY. A.8.. M.D. Resident in Medicine FREDERICK WALKER RAYBURN. M.D. Resident in Medicine NORMAN LEARNER Resident in Medicine Philadelphia Generol Hospital Staff CHARLES LEONARD BROWN. B.S.. M.D.. FA.C.P. Professor of Medicine EDWARD WEISS. M.D.. F.A.C.P. Professor of Clinicol Medicine THOMAS KLEIN. A.B.. M.D. Prcfessor of Clinicol Medicine THOMAS M. DURANT. B.S.. M.D., F.A.C.P. Associate Professor of Medicine LOUIS COHEN. M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine, Chest REUBEN DAVIS. M.D. Associate in Medicine. Met. JACK W. WELTY. M.S.. M.D. Associate in Medicine STOUGHTON R. VOGEL. M.D. Instructor in Medicine ALFRED WIILITS McKINELY. M.D. Instructor in Medicine Listing according to special medical clinics. Temple University Out-Patient Department: Im.—Immunology. Chest. G. I.—Gostroenterology. Cord.—Cordiology. End.—Endocrinology. Hem.—Hematology. Met.—Metobolism. Phys. Med.—Physical Medicine. Jewish Hospital Staff JOSEPH C. DOANE. M.D.. F.A.C.P. Professor of Clinical Medicine NATHAN BLUMBERG. M.D.. F.A.C.P. Associate Professor of Medicine EDWARD A. STEINFIELD, M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine HENRY I. TUMEN, A.B., M.D. Associate in Medicine MAURICE S. JACOBS M.D. Associate in Medicine JOSEPH G. WEINER. M.D. Associate in Modicine SYDNEY HARBERG. M.D. Instructor in Medicine EUGENE M. SCHLOSS. M.D. Instructor in Medicine MYER SOMERS. M.D. Instructor in Medicine EDWIN LeWINN M.D. Instructor in Medicine MITCHELL SELICKMAN. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Medicine ALBERT ADUN. M.D. Clinicol Assistont in Medicine A. ROSENFELD, M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine LOUIS ZISSERMAN. A.B M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine J. GEORGE TEPUCK. A.B.. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine SAMUEL BAER. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Medicine Episcopal Hospital Staff JAMES KAY. M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine w. Gordon McDaniel, b.s. m.d. Instructor in Medicine S. LAWRENCE WOODHOUSE. Jr.. A.B. M.D. Instructor in Medicine Eagleville Sanatorium A. J. COHEN M.D. Clinicol Professor of Medicine LOUIS COHEN. M.D. Assistant Professor of Medicine Special Lecturers VICTOR ROBINSON. M.D. Professor of History of Medicine A. J. COHEN. M.D. Clinicol Professor of Medicine ARTHUR Q. PENTA. M.D. Instructor in Medicine NEUROLOGY AND NEUROSURGERY TEMPLE FAY. B.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Professor and Head of the Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery SHERMAN F. GILPIN. Jr.. B.S.. M.D. Clinicol Professor of Neuroloqy MICHAEL SCOn B.S., M.D.. F.A.C.S. Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery JAMES J. WAYGOOD. Ph.B.. M.D. Associate in Neurology EDWARD L. CLEMENS A.B., M.D. Associoto in Neurology PAUL SLOANE. A.B.. M.D. Lecturer on Neurology ALEXANDER SILVERSTEIN. M.D. Lecturer on Neurology JOHN H. TAEFFNER. 8.S.. M.D. Associate in Neurosurqery J. RAY VAN METER. B.S.. M.D.. Lieut. M.C., U.S.N. Clinical Assistant in Neurology GEORGE N. RAINES B.S.. M.D.. Lieut. M.C.. U.S N Clinicol Assistant in Neurology HENRY WYCIS. B.S., M.D. Resident in Neurology 247OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY THADDEUS L. MONTGOMERY. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Profossor and Head of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology HARRY A. DUNCAN. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Clinicol Professor of Gynocology J. MARSH ALESBURY. M.D. Clinical Professor of Obstetrics C. KENNETH MILLER. M.D. Lecturer on Obstotrics CHESTER REYNOLDS. A.M.. M.D. Demonstrator in Obstetrics LEWIS KARL HOBERMAN. M.D. Instructor in Obstotrics JOSEPH LOMAX. B.S.. M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics JAMES P. QUINDLEN, M.A.. M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics HUGH HAYFORD. M.D. Instructor in Obstetrics HELEN HAYES RYAN. M.D. Instructor in Obstotrics JULIUS AMSTERDAM. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Obstotrics CLAYTON BEECHAM. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Associate in Gynecology CHARLES SCOTT MILLER. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Lecturer on Gynecoiogy ISADOR FORMAN. M.D. Demonstrator in Gynecology HARRY L. STEWART. Jr.. A.B.. M.D. Instructor in Gynecology ond Director of the Laboratory of Endocrinolgy HAROLD L. BOTTOMLEY. M.D. Instructor in Gynecology SAUL P. SAVITZ. M.D. Instructor in Gynecology JOHN R. MINEHART. A.B.. M.D. Instructor in Gynocology RUPERT FRIDAY. A.B., M.D. Residont in Obstetrics and Gynecology OPHTHALMOLOGY WALTER I. LILLIE. M.D.. M.S. (Ophth.). F A.C.S. Professor of Ophthaiomology GLEN GREGORY GIBSON. M.D. Assistant Professor of Ophthalmology LEWIS RANDALL WOLF. B.S.. M.D.. M.S. (Ophth.) Instructor in Ophthalmology JOSEPH S. LYNCH. B.A.. M.D.. M.S. (Ophth.) Instructor in Ophthalmology EDWIN F. TAIT, Ph.D.. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Ophthalmology LOUIS F. HINMAN, B.S.. M.D. Residont in Ophthalmology LEE E. BRANSFORD. B.S., M.D. Resident in Ophthalmology MERL F. KIMMEL. B.S.. M.D. Resident in Ophthalmology ORTHOPEDICS JOHN R. MOORE. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Profossor of Orthopedic Surgery WORTH B. FORMAN. M.D. Lecturer in Orthopedics ARTHUR F. SEIFER. B.S.. M.D. Resident in Orthopedics GEORGE SARDINNI. B.S.. M.D. Resident in Orthooodics MARKLE Resident in Orthopedics OTOLOGY MATTHEW S. ERSNER. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Otology EDWARD K. MITCHELL M D.. F.A.C.S. Associate Professor of Otology JULIUS WINSTON. M.D. Associate in Neuro-otology S. BRUCE GREENWAY. M.D. Assistant Professor of Otology DAVID MYERS. M.D. Lecturer on Otology SIMON BALL. M.D. Instructor in Otology BURECH RACHLIS. M.D. Instructor in Otology LOUIS H. WEINER. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Otology HARRY G. ESKIN. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Otology FRANK L. FOLLWEILER. B.S.. M.S.. Ph.D.. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Otology FRANCIS A. HAROLD SANDERS. A.B.. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Otoiogy IRVING ARNOLD RUSH. A.B.. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Otology JAMES H. KATES. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Otology PATHOLOGY LAWRENCE W. SMITH. A.B.. M.D. Professor ond Heod of Department of Pathology FRANK W. KONZELMANN. M.D. Profossor of Clinicol Pathology EDWIN S. GAULT. M.D. Associate Profossor of Pothology and Bacteriology ERNEST E. AEGERTER. A.B. 8.S., M.D. Assistant Professor of Pothology AUGUSTIN R. PEALE. A.B.. M.D. Instructor in Pothology MACHTELD E. SANO. M.D. Research Assistant in Pothology ANTHONY L. PlETROLUONGO. B.S.. M.D. Residont in Pathology PEDIATRICS WALDO E. NELSON. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.A.P. Professor of Podiatrics SAMUEL GOLDBERG. M.D.. F.A.C.P.. F.A.A.P. Clinical Professor of Pediatrics P. F. LUCCHESI. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.A.P. Associate Professor of Pediatrics NINA A. ANDERSON. B.S.. M.D. Assistant Professor of Pediatrics JOSEPH LEVITSKY. M.D. Instructor in Pediotrics DOMENICO CUCINOTTA. M.D. Instructor in Pediatrics JOHN 8. BARTRAM. B.S.. M.D. Instructor in Podiatrics NORMAN KENDALL. M.D. Instructor in Podiatrics WALTER L. COHN, B S.. M.D. Resident in Podiatrics CLARA L. WERTIME. M.D. Resident in Pediatrics PHARMACOLOGY ALFRED E. LIVINGSTON. B.S.. M.S.. Ph.D. Profossor of Pharmacology EDWARD LARSON. B.S.. M.S.. Ph.D. Associate Professor of Pharmacology RALPH C. BRADLEY. B.S.. M.D. Associate in Pharmacology EDWIN J. FELLOWS. B.S., M.S.. Ph.D. Associate in Pharmacology RAYMOND W. CUNNINGHAM. B.S.. M.S.. Ph.D. Associate in Pharmacology PHYSIOLOGY J. GARRETT HICKEY. M.D. Professor of Physiology ERNST SPIEGEL. M.D. Professor of Neurophysiology 248MORTON J. OPPENHEIMER. A.B. Ed.M.. M.D. Associoto Professor of Physiology DEAN A. COLLINS. Ph.D.. M.D. Associofe Professor of Physiology MARGARET SUMWALT A.B.. M.S.. Ph.D. Instructor in Physiology KATHLEEN WESTON. A.B.. M.A. Instructor in Physiology PREVENTIVE MEDICINE. HYGIENE AND PUBLIC HEALTH HARRIET L. HARTLEY. M.D., F.A.P.H.A. Professor of Preventive Medicine. Hygiene and Public Hoolfh LYLE JENNE, B.S., Ch.E. Assistant Professor of Sanitation ond Public Health WALTER S. CORNELL. B.S.. M.D.. D.P.H. Assistant Professor of Preventive Medicine, Hygiene and Public Health T. RUTH WEAVER. M.D. Assistant Professor of Epidemiology and Vital Statistics J. MOORE CAMPBELL. B.S.. M.D. Assistant Professor of Preventive Medicine. Hygiene ond Public Health MIRIAM WARNER. M.D., Dr. P.H. Assistant Professor of Preventive Medicine. Hygiene and Public Heolth JAMES HALE PAUL M.D. Demonstrator of Preventive Medicine. Hygiene ond Public Heolth DONALD RIEGEL. M.D. Demonstrator of Preventive Medicine. Hygiene ond Public Health DOROTHY DONNELLY-WOOD. M.D Demonstrotor of Preventive Medicine. Hygiene and Public Heolth PROCTOLOGY HARRY Z. HIBSHMAN. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Proctology HARRY E. BACON, B.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Clinicol Professor of Proctology FRANKLIN D. BENEDICT M.D. Demonstrotor of Proctology SAMUEL WILLIAM EISENBERG A.B.. M O. Clinical Assistant in Proctology HESSER C. C. LINDIG. B.A.. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Proctology HENRY C SCHNEIDER. B.A.. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Proctology VALENTINE R. MANNING. Jr. A.B.. M.D. Clinical Assistant in Proctology PSYCHIATRY O. SPURGEON ENGLISH M.D. Professor of Psychiatry GERALD H. J. PEARSON. A.B., M.D.. D.Sc. Associate Professor of Child Psychiotry MORRIS BRODY. M.D. Lecturer on Psychiotry CAMILLA ANDERSON A.8., M.D. Lecturer on Psychiotry HERBERT N. FREED. M.D. Clinicol Assistont in Psychiotry RADIOLOGY W. EDWARD CHAMBERLAIN. B.S. M.D. Professor of Radiology HUGO ROESLER. M.D. Associate Professor of Radiology BARTON R. YOUNG. M.Sc. (Radiology). M.D. Associate Professor of Radiology GEORGE C. HENNY. M.S.. M.D. Director of Deportment of Physics ROBERT K. ARBUCKLE B.S., M.Sc. (Radiology). M.D. Instructor in Radiology GUSTAVUS C. BIRD Jr.. M.D. Instructor in Radiology HENRY B. ZWERLING. A.B.. M.D. Instructor in Radiology HERN J. WOLOSCHIN. M.D. Resident in Radiology HERBERT STAUFFER, B.S.. M.D. Resident in Rodiology SURGERY W. WAYNE BABCOCK A.M.. M.D. LLD.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Surgery and Clinicol Surgery WILLIAM A. STEEL. B.S.. M.D., F.A.C.S' Professor of Principles of Surgery W. EMORY BURNETT. A.8.. M.D., F.A.C.S. Professor of Clinical Surgery JOHN LEEDOM M.D. Associate Professor of Surgery G. MASON ASTLEY. M.D. Associate Professor of Surgery JOHN P. EMICH. M.D. Associate Professor of Surgery J. NORMAN COOMBS. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Associate Professor of Surgery GIACCHINO P. GIAMBALVO. M.D., F.A.C.S. Associate Professor of Surgery GEORGE P. ROSEMOND B.S.. M.D. Assistant Professor of Surgery DANIEL J KENNEDY. M.D. Demonstrotor in Surgery M. H. GENKIN. M.D.,'F.A.C.S. Demonstrator in Surgery LOUIS KIMMELMAN.' M.D. Instructor in Surgery JOSEPH N. GROSSMAN. M.D. Instructor in Surgery R. D. MacKINNON. M.D. Instructor in Surgery MORRIS FRANKLIN. M.D. Instructor in Junior Surgery F. L. ZABOROWSKI. M.D. Instructor in Surgory EUGENE T. FOY. M.D. Instructor in Surgery MARTIN H. GOLD M.D. Clinical Assistont in Surgery L. VINCENT HAYES. M.D. Clinicol Assistant in Surgery FREDERICK A. FISKE. B.S.. M.D. Clinicol Assistont in Surgery C. HOWARD McDEVITT, M.D. Clinical Assistont in Surgery HAROLD COFFMAN ROX8Y, B.S M.D. Clinicol Assistont in Surgery HERBERT S. RAINES. A.B., M.D. Clinical Assistont in Surgery THEODORE H. SWAN. A.B. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Surgery RICHARD P. THOMPSON. A.B.. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Surgerv M. ROYDEN C. ASTLEY. A.B.. M.D. Clinicol Assistont in Surgery O. P. LARGE. M.D. Resident in Surgery FRANKLIN BAILEY WILKINS. B.S.. M.D. Resident in Surgery MILLARD NULL LAWRENCE, M.D. Resident in Surgery UROLOGY W. HERSEY THOMAS A.B.. M.D., F.A.C.S. Professor of Urology HOWARD G. FRETZ. A.B. M.D. Associate Professor or Urology LOWRAIN E McCREA. M.D. Assistant Professor of Urology HARRY BERNSTEIN. M.D. Instructor in Urology J. HENRY HINCHCUFFE, B.S.. M.D. Clinical Assistont in Urology 249[unnraniinirniuKmniiiiimoiauiiBKiinniimifniKnniinrniiHiiiiKniiniiiDiaiiwM fti iiiiHiiiiiijiiiiii!iiiii!iiuiniiiiiiHiniiniiiiiu!iiiiiiiuiiijii]iHiiiimii!iMiiuiiiiiMii!iniiiiiiiiiiiHimmii)iuiiiRiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiumiiniiiiHiiiiiiiiiiiiiiia[ii We mo ria HARRY Z. HIBSHMAN, M.D., F.A.C.S. Born June 11,1879 - Died March 17,1942 Assistant in Proctology 1908-22 Clinical Professor of Proctology 1922-34 Professor of Proctology 1934-42 iiiiiiniiniiiiiiiiiiiniiiiiiiiiiiiiiiDiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiii m Editor-in-Chief Gilbert H. Diehl EDITORIAL STAFF Art Editor................. ........................ David S. Marshall Editor of Photography . ............ John J. De Stefano Assistant Editor , ......................J. Theodore English Assistant Editor..................................George A. Rowland Assistant Editor ........ . . . Robert C. Brown BUSINESS STAFF Business Manager David P. Osborne Co-advertising Manager ............ Lewis W. Berry Co-advertising Manager ........ C. Royer Donoho Circulation Manager.............................................Paul I. Ambrose Ass't Circulation Manager .... Jack F. Bailey NURSING SCHOOL STAFF Editor ........................................Ruth Moriority Co-editor .............................................. Martha Ford Editor of Photography ........................ . Martha Lehotsky Literary Editor Leona Knight Wit and Humor.......................................Constance Sauln Poetry..............................................Frances Vercusky Business Manager . . Orel Hienly Staff of the School for Technologists Kay Collins Edith Eckstein Rachel Levitz Claudia Goode Katherine Lewis Jeannette Bisson Betty Wilson 2S0- .W • • ik' T.scu!apiiiS?Z Health Apollo th j fttrysfpan and n ov.uiopiiu,u.i u. cum la Alnieal aD thggods goddesses that according tomy abibty judgement. I - .- ■ I II L KEEP THIS d TH X'fy this stipulatJon-tD reckon rnra who taught me mis A t equally dear tome as my parents to share my substance v _____ with him rrlfeve his necessitiesjfrcquiiwito look upon .. .spring id the same fooling asnry own brothers lo reach them this A rt if they shall wish to learn It, A '• i "'VlTHdV’PFEE0kOTVU Tl0K rtiat 6y precepr fccturr. fa every offer mode gf instruction wi Timparr aftqwfedpe oprtic iff to try ou r So te, jjjttiose oflny teactiersi etrscipies tioimftiy'astipulation (£ bfati - ■ 'According to ehelAwof AibEMne Out to ryone ottiers JiyifTfctifowJne systempfreqi men u ficti-acccrdvnp to wyabiUty. KSyiiayemenC 1 consider FOtOHE'BENEFlT OF K7 PATIENTS faatistatn tiym whatever is deCeierioi s msefievous. tn(Iytve no cfeady medicine to '‘any one if ashed nor jyqyest any sued counsefijfn ffe manner wiflnotgive tv a woman a pessary toj»'oduce Y Wr aborCion im WRltr0WlT'H HqE ESS [ will m “Kx ixjss. M rr ?A . 1-1) tn -pA practice or nor in connection wittiTt.' see or fear. S tf tn tfe fif e cpmen w nefcup ft not to tie spoken ;; I as recia nlr,9 Ihat all such should be keptsecret M, While I continue to keep this Oath unviolated ’iV } may it be granre ome to enjoy life the practice °f the Art respected by all men in all times! fSgX But should | trespass CTviolate this Oath may I he revere be my lot! N ' v I i eemen ci£ s aves my professionaf SENIOR YEAR Two stripes! At lost the rating of senior! Excited at the prospect yet awed at the new depth of responsibility. Remember "gripe sessions'": 1421 and 1423: the corner drug store: senior rings and pins: the latest "who's dating whom": the always present question. "How to raise money?"; haunting ideas of Children's Ward with talk of cubicles, sidegates. and cross infections? Yes, our feelings seemed at cross-currents, but the desire to graduate overcame our dread of parting from classmates, who have become close friends. Enthusiastically, we look forward to new experiences in our chosen profession. ' We hold up boby to lee hit Daddy-' LOOKING BACK "All ready for God'i next addition to the world.'' "Your little son weighs nine pounds. Mrs. J— A joy we'll never forget, will be our service in the Obstetrical Department where we cuddled the babies and comforted the mothers in lobor. Remember how difficult it was to find fetal heart sounds, to get the pins on breast binders in their proper places, and to keep the prospective fathers from fainting? (There goes Miss Kline speeding down the hall. "Answer 415’s bell, it's been on for a half an hour. Okay. Hon?"—) ("Miss Wood will now supervise you in perineal preparation.") Yes. it was fun: practical jokes on the medical students, placentas, and "Mom" Smailer's sweetness. We checked cords for bleeding every fifteen minutes while we held Arnold Clamps in trembling, perspiring hands. Those twenty weeks will always have a special place in our hearts. And then we found ourselves on the roof garden where it would seem our babies had grown to childhood. The first few days in Children's Ward we felt like probies especially when we found ourselves again under the guidance of Miss Derk, whom we had loved and admired during our first months in the Nursing School. "Second Tuesday in Next Week!" Remember how Dr. Cohn satisfied the children by this statement when the little ones questioned him about going home? He was so very convincing that even we wondered if there could be a "Second Tuesday in next week." "Now the moit important thing in govaging a baby it--------------------" W "The Klddiet ploy Doctor and None." Jean Pauline Anceravige Mahonoy City, Pa. Jeanie is a little girl: we will never forget her kind and cheerful ways. Mary T. Anceravige Mahanoy City, Pa. Always smiling: always happy. We will also remember your keen wit, Mary. Yolanda M. Bond Jessup. Pa. Your winsome smile and charming ways—have brightened many darkened days.Ruth Marie Boyle Freeland, Pa. Quiet and dignified: possessor of a special charm. In class she out-witted us all. Ida Marie Biscotti Philadelphia, Pa. Your sunny disposition will never let you down. Dorothy Mae Boring Altoona, Pa. Here's to a little 'Dottie" who is not only an efficient nurse—but as a friend we’ve found her true blue. Helen Elizabeth Brill Philadelphia, Pa. Philo, gave us short, pretty Brillie' with a lovable grin, a gift gob and oVes galore. Rosetta L. Buyanowski Edwardsville. Pa. Tall and gracious — a willing nurse and a lovable friend. We wont forget your leadership and fine spirit. Phoebe Byrnes North Brookfield. Mass. "Penny" has the cutest accent and a very charming personality. Elizabeth Bell Caviston Easton, Pa. Quiet and unassuming—bu of the most honest, noble girl will ever know. Helen E. Coleman Millville, N. J. Here's to a pretty little re head; alwoys so neat—Whof ii feme wouldn't fall for a girl lik you? Mildred V. Farner Chambersburg, Pa. Was It your curls so neat and dark, or was it your precious squeaky laugh that mode everybody love you. Mid?Martha A. Ford Philadelphia, Pa. Blonde—tall—a picture in pink and white that would inspire any patient to a rapid recovery. Theodora Dorothy Grabania Wrightstown. N. J. The famous farmer’s daughter is “Teddy": cute and witty, we ll never forget your winsome ways. Antonette Marie Gayusky Mahanoy City. Pa. A willing heart, a helping hand: always ready on demand.Katherine Kennedy Gillespie Shinnston. W. Vo. The girl from the south with that southern draw!—may your ever sunny disposition prepare you for the best. Orel Mae Heinly Frackville, Pa. A perfect woman, nobly planned: to warn, to comfort and command. Tillie Krezanowsky Chester, Pa. Individuality and humor all her own—very delightful to all of us.M ortho Lehotsky Cooldale, Pa. A radiant girl whose charm is enhanced by her sparkling eyes and daintiness. Helen T. Marcincavage Shenandoah. Pa. Our lovely sophisticated lady who found life one long excuse for laughing. Ruth Frances Moriarty Philadelphia, Pa. A true, sincere, and genuine friend to each one of us.Clara Virginia O'Neal Merchantville, N. J. Sweet, shy, and reserved in her own inimitable way. Marie Parry Merchantville. N. J. Your score is mighty high with —May you never change. Helen Polinka Ranshaw, Pa. The great mind knows the power of gentleness.SEMI H S Doris Janda Reinhold Manoa, Pa. Helpful, kind, sincere, and "one for all." Constance Sauln Freeland. Pa. ' Charm personified, the glass of fashion, the mold of form." Dorothy Marie Shank Stoystown, Pa. "Spanky" will always stand out in our minds as a bundle of complete sunshine—From little sparks may burst a mighty flame!Adda Carmelle Speirs Philadelphia, Pa. Frank, sincere, and with a flare for art. Alicia Teresa Spudis Shenandoah, Pa. Her heart was not more sunny than her hair. Vivian Leona Stahl Lewisburg, Pa. Well-timed silence hath more eloquence than speech.Monica Elizabeth Thomas York. Po. Loyal, quaint, with on ever cheerful smile is "Monny.'' Frances E. Vercusky Freeland. Pa. Good nature is the best feature in the finest face. Frances Wingert Dubois. Pa. Poise and graciousness were among her many virtues.Edna Woods Morristown, N. J. ' Amiability shines by its own light." Ruth A. Zimmerman York, Pa. "She cannot fade: forever will we love, and she be fair." Phyllis J. Fran ice Tremonf, Pa. A form more fair, a face more sweef. Has never been our lot to meet.Moe R. Franlcenberger Millheim. Pa. "Conscientious and determined to succeed." Laberta E. Galster Nanticoke, Pa. Her modest answer and graceful air Show her as wise as she is fair. Freeda Georgetson Port Allegany. Pa. Here's a girl who gallantly defends the cherry and white."Ruth E. Hoffman Hagerstown, Md. Happy as she worked along. You could always hear her song. Lucy Houck Nozareth, Pa. "Silence and subtleness sometimes deceiving." are Mary T. Keeley Philadelphia. Pa. In our hearts no one shall ever be. as tender, sweet and clever as she.Groce Kennedy Erie, Po. Always ready with tinkling laughter She remains in your heart forever alter. Leona Knight Henderson. N. C. Dark and lair, this Southern Belle To hove her at Temple is surely swell. Agnes A. Kocay Freeland. Po. We found it the source of an exquisite pleasure To know her, a joy we'll forever treasure.Elvo Neuhauser Phoenixville, Pa. Always happy, full of fun From early morn till day is done. Sarah Prestopino Hammonton, N. J. If Walter Winchell only knew What competition she could brew. Amelia M. Reed Philadelphia, Pa. Of sound mind and keen wit She is one we can't forget.Sue Super Jeanesville, Pa. Never idle, never still— Tall: she must and talk she will. Elsie W. Washburn Easton, Pa. Calm and kind she always looks These qua'ities need no record ooks. Erna I. Siringhaus Ashland. Pa. Like the wise old owl who sat in an ook, She learned much but seldom spoke.Ann Werner York, Pa. Of charming manners and gentle affection. A personality near perfection. Mildred Zimnisky Luzerne. Pa. She rushes by a mile a minute Speed for her—the sky's the limit.LOOKING FORWARD... The Class of 1942 sends this message to their sponsor: Our Miss White: Because you have endeared yourself to us by your untiring, constant interest in our class, we are writing this. We feel you are a vital part of us and as we look up to you on your pedestal of fineness we pray that some day, some where we may find a fragment of your tender qualities. No written word of love, or book, or flower could fully express our appreciation and admiration. Miss White, in us you have instilled confidence and from you, we have absorbed the ability to meet the problems of life more intelligently. And so when we don our white uniforms may we prove worthy and acceptable not only to society but mostly to you. "There is a mystic borderland that lies just past the limits of our workday world, and it is peopled with friends we met and loved, a year, a month, a week, or day, and parted from with aching hearts, yet know that through the distance we must loose the hold of hand with hand and only clasp the thread of memory." We stand ready to travel down the golden road of the future with the self reliance, patience, charity, and the courage you have taught us. Thus we come to the end but it is not good-bye for us, Miss White, for you will always be like the brightest star that enchants the heavens, ever-ready to guide us to our highest goals. So in closing may we humbly say a simple thank you, Rena White, and may God bless you—always. Sincerely, YOUR CLASS.JEANNETTE M. BISSON Berlin, N H. University of Vermont LENORA R. CLEMENTS Philadelphia Temple University CATHERINE E. COCHRAN Princeton, N. J. N, J. College for Women SHIRLEY J. COHAN West Hartford, Conn. Temple University KAY E. COLLINS Philadelphia Temple University Although the Deportment of Medical Technology is a comparatively new one at Temple University, its graduating class this year boasts twenty-two students, representing several different states and eight undergraduate colleges. Each graduote will undoubtedly carry away with her many and varied memories of her experiences here. Of these we have attempted to record the most memorable. EDITH G. ECKSTEIN Trenton. N. J. Temple University DORIS P. EDWARDS Woodsto»n, N. J. Temple UniversityGRACE E. HARRISON Philodelphio Temple University ELEANOR M. FREDERICK Philodelphio Temple University CLAUDIA N. GOODE Son Antonio. Tcxos A.8., University of Texas EVELYN M. GROSSMAN Mt. Cormel. Po. Temple Univers-ty The mouse objected but to no ovoil. Night before Christmas In hematology. More specimens. JEAN E. HAUSER Cleorfield. Po. B.S., Grove City College NANCY E. HERR LoncosW Po. Temple University RACHEL LEVITZ Lebonon, Po. Lebanon Volley College Temple University KATHERINE A. LEWIS West Pittston. Pa. Bucknoll Junior Collego Temple UniversityWe've seen and done a lot in our two years os student technicians and much of it has been so-called "extra-curricular." Our Technicians’ Club, in its second year of existence, carried out a full program of activities with Kay Collins. Koty Lewis. Louise Gales, and Jane Loroh (our president, vice-president, secretary, and treasurer, respectively), keeping us together as a highly organized group. Our December card party was completely successful despite the downpour; the dreary black-out point in hematology enhanced an ingenious Christmas display: and the locker room was renovated to our satisfaction. These and many similar happenings will be remembered os long as the academic aspects of our course. More traction, please. Nursemaids for a bunch of mice. FRANCES WEINER Philadelphia Temple University JANE E. 10RAH Reading. Po. Temple University ANNA R. MULLAN lambcrtville. N. j. Temple University EDITH E. NOVACK Philadelphia Temple University MIRIAM S. SAWYER Eiiiabeth City. N. C. East Corolino Teachers College BLANCHE WARSHAFSKY Philadelphia Temple University BETTY GENE HEYl Conneautville, Po. Temple UniversityTEMPLE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF NURSING AND SCHOOL OF TECHNOLOGY We herewith present the story of our never-to-be-forgotten experiences in the School of Nursing at Temple University Hospital. As we turn these pages may they bring to our minds oil those pleasant reminiscences and great tradition' of our nursing school.Through all these years you have given us care and encouragement, you have sacrificed and prayed for us. We only hope that in some small way this book will express our love ond appreciation. Nothing we can do will ever fully repay you, but we will hold in our minds the ideals you so faithfully instilled.A Challenge to Nursing by DELLA S. BERGEN, R.N.. B.S. Director of Nursing The democratic way of life is more seriously threatened today than at any other period in the history of our nation. Traitors within and enemies without constitute this threat to our most treasured possession. Shall we continue to procrastinate or shall we face the issue squarely and mobilize our total strength to overcome this menace? For nurses, mobilization of total strength means long hard hours of gruelling labor either at civilian or militory duty, it means the summoning of courage to endure danger and privation, it means the nurturing of faith in our ideals, our institutions and our country. For every one it means an unparalleled opportunity for service to others. RENA L. WHITE, R.N., B.S. Class Advisor and Educational Director, sends . . . Greetings to the Members of the Graduating Class of 1942 You are joining the army of the women in white whose work it is to nurse the sick and preserve health. May you meet with success in your chosen field. These are difficult and trying times. Difficult, because the whole world is in a mad state of confusion; trying, because you are on trial and must prove to yourself and others your.worth as a member of society. Your chance today rests on a concrete foundation of character which was slowly poured in times past. Do you have the strength of character to assume the responsibilities which will be placed upon you? Will you, through interest in your work, instil confidence in those who place you in such positions? I sincerely hope that your experience as a student nurse has made you more tolerant, more kind, more considerate, and more desirous of service to mankind. My greatest wish for you is happiness and contentment; and these you will find through toil.M. HUEY, R.N.. B.S. E. WHITE, R.N. Assistant Director of Nursing Assistant Director of Nursing H. ROGERS. A.B., R.N. D. ERICKSON. R.N. Nursing Arts Instructor Assistant Nursing Arts Instructor ADMINISTRATORS M. DUNN L. WOOD J. DERK Operating Room Supervisor Obstetrics Supervisor Pediatrics Supervisor M. BURT E. SMAILER L. DOGGETTHISTORY PRE-CLINICAL September 18, 1939 and February 5, 1940 brought with them the dawn of a new life. Yes. we were in our Pre-clinical period with all its joys, fears and homesickness. We paid our tuition, had our physical examinations, and were measured for uniforms. Remember how large the shoes appeared and how long the aprons were? Getting acquainted with our new roommates, who were soon to become our life long friends, was fun—wasn't it?Will we ever forget our tour of the hospital and Medical school; compositions on, Why I want to be a nurse," our first class. Anatomy; Sharp Dohme Laboratories; and our first thermometer readings of 93.4? When we first went on duty we wondered whom was more afraid, the patients or us. Oh, thot first both, completed in the short time of three hours. We had time for nothing but study and more study and to wonder Will I be capped?" Well, we hod plenty of fun and mony heartaches, but we came out on top feeling stronger, more courageous and five years older.JUNIOR YEAR Next came our beautiful capping exercises. How proudly we carried our lighted candles to receive our caps. Remember the white flowers, "Follow the Gleam." the soft utterance of the Nightingale Pledge? Yes, we now had our caps, bibs and "swelled heads." We were Juniors. Full-time duty, exhaustion at night, and oh, these aching feet. Of course we did all the insignificant things while seniors were "making rounds" with the doctors.8ock row, itonding, left to right: H. Hymon, W. Meyert C. Holland. J. Homer, L. Knight. J. Clare, M. Kligerman, F. Saul. Front row. leatcd, left to right: J. Evoni, F. Oeming. H. Coiwell, A. Wagner, G. Pitchcrio. Our first nurses' formal. Whot excitement was created by discriminating men and gowns! The Junior year brought acquaintance with Head nurses and Doctors who soon became very important people with us. We helped them with our first spinal tap and blood transfusion, clumsily, of course, but. "Please don't say it. Doctor!" This year also brought its pleasures. We were permitted to join the basketball team. l«ff fo right: P. Tiloy, F. Riemer, M. Cobb, I. Anderion. M. Newman, E. Mormon, F. Erode, M. Cunningham. M. Garret, A. Englith, L. Frank.aiwwcNl COUNCIL Bock row, standing, left to right; Misses C. l« ch, A. P. Byrnes, M. Weston. .. . , . c •, front row, noted, left to right: Miner M. Anfent cci. c. ringhouse, 6. Heinly, R. Buyonowtki, A. Sherer. STUDENT ASSOCIATION The purpose of the student government is many-fold. It mokes and executes the necessary by-laws; it acts as the necessary medium for student-faculty relationship; it boosts the morale of all the students in their realization that they ore well represented in a form of government of, for, and by themselves. It fosters a better social life, and makes for an ever increasing interest and enthusiasm in a work thot soon will carry great numbers to the far corners of the world. JUNIOR CLASSINTERMEDIATE YEAR Stripe One! Intermediates. More courage but also more responsibility. The much awaited vacation at last arrived and had gone all too quickly. However, it was good to be back. This was to be a very full year. With fear and trembling we did our nursing on our first period of night duty. Then came the diet kitchen with that everlasting weighing of foods for diabetics. What a strange Christmas without our families, our Christmas tree, and our usual number of presents. We now thought of the patients who needed cheer. Singing Christmas Carols before sunrise, for the less fortunate gave us a thrill long to be remembered. MISS E. DINKEIACKER. R.N. Heed Night Supervisor NIGHT SUPERVISORSINTERMEDIATE CLASS AFFILIATION "No Admittance—Operating Room" Words of mystery and intrigue. What goes on behind those doors? And then came our turn to enter those frightening green portals! Wide-eyed and trembling we viewed the strange rooms, and asked Miss Dunn ninety-nine thousand questions. Do you recall the many T A's, the trays of soiled instruments, circulating for craniotomies and the first time you scrubbed? We worked with all the greot doctors and shuddered trying to anticipate their unexpected moves. Scalpel, Sponge. Clamp: hot wets, sewing string sponges, overtime, night duty, emergencies—all these and many more, will be our treasured memories. LIFE IN THE OPERATING ROOMDr. Konxclmann d«» cca» t plaima. Lydia Hanseling and Mary Mvllahy strike oil. Hiss Woodring tokm. count. M;«» Wet the homafoloflir Mr . lob. Hoo HEMATOLOGY TYPING PLASMA BANK Betty Wilton. Ann Mullan, and Mitt Keyter prepare to "swing it.” Probably among our earliest experiences ore those associated with hematology. We spent three months learning that there's more to hematology than taking and counting C.B.C.'s. By the time we finished our first month, we'd learned that the new born have no blood (at least we couldn't find it) and that we were more frightened than the patient when we took our first count. Somewhere along the line we learned to distinguish between purpura hemorrhagica and hemophilia. that the immature pathologic lymphocyte ond not the monocyte is diagnostic of infectious mononucleosis, ond that it would take us more than three months to absorb oil Miss West could teach A CBC in Babcock—courteiy Evelyn Gioiimon and Lucy D'Agostino. US. We devoted another month to the hematology laboratory—this time to learn the ins and outs of typings and cross-matchings, agglutinins ond agglutinogens. Lulu Sanborn and Susobella Jones. Through the efforts of Dr. Konzelmann a blood and plasma bank has been established here this year. The technique requires us to correlate knowledge acquired in several other lobs. During our month of training we learned to assist the doctor in collecting blood, typing blood, extracting and pooling plasma and preparing it for storage. And was our face red the day we proudly displayed the contents of our freezing chamber to visitors, only to find the thing lined with Milky Ways!URINALYSIS GASTRO-ENTEROLOGY ALLERGY During our two months in urinalysis we discovered that kidneys hove functions and that urine contains various normal and abnormal things— some of which are alive. We took our first venipunctures, encountered endless lines of bottles and bottomless piles of charts, and came to realize that Miss Rotman's patience is limitless. We recognized a cast os something more than a scratch on the slide (after our first days at the scope), and found a "mouth-fur a rude reminder of careless pipetting. We approached the gastrics lob that first day with cautiously empty stomachs to find that sympathetic gulping upheld the lab motto of "Keep It Down" for both technician and patient. After two months we could entertain gagging patients with purely imaginary tales of "the first time I took a tube." We never complained of monotony—titrations and microscopies, and grabbing clamps as tubes slid down throats of patients with too cooperative peristalsis kept us well occupied. One month of our career as students was spent in the allergy department—both clinic and laboratory. In clinic we assisted in setting up and in skin testing. By far the most interesting, however, were our days in lab when we squeezed opples, peaches, fish roe. and even dust; and acted as victims of passive transfer tests. Min Rotman and Gert Finan eiamine specimens. Rebecca Finnie and Louise Goles get sugar despite priorities. Mrs. Kahn gives Mantov Test to Doris Gorren. Miss Masalsky demonstrates a fine point to Shirley Cohan and Greto londwehr. Esther Wentiel and Nancy Hewes reclaim lavages while Edith Novack does o microscopy.HISTOLOGY- PATHOLOGY- END DCHINDLO GY Mine Kronw, Clopp. and Ltvitx prepore O clou »ct. Edith EcVitein ond Kothtrin Lewii find corpora hemor. rhogtco. Soroh Bruce and Mickey Fialo embed. Normo Feik watchai Miu Clorkton cut o '’Jackion.'' An important port of our training was learning to prepare and stain tissue for miscroscopic study. Here we discovered the secrets of fixing, dehydrating. clearing, ond embedding tissues: and the cutting. staining and mounting of sections made from these. Our two months’ instruction in this field was taken either with Miss Clarkson in histology, doing work on biopsies and surgical specimens: or with Miss Brenz in pathology where specimens are autopsy tissues. From these deportments we take with us memories of our first ribbon." uterine curettings that floated to the top of the paraffin when we tried to embed them, the excitement of frozen sections. and our admiration of the speed and skill always evident in the work of the Misses Clarkson and Brenz. We used to jump on chairs when we saw mice, but after two months of endocrinology we didn't even object when they crawled on our arms. In fact, after breeding and injecting mice, taking vaginal smears on them, and cleaning their cages, we came to consider them as friends of the family. We learned also to do Friedmans, to prepare sections of the mice's ovaries for histologic study, and under Dr. Stewart's patient tutelage we acquired an insight into the theories of biologic assay methods and the mysteries of hormones. Miu Breni cxplaini paraffin infiltration to Catherine Eck.joannette Biuon and Hop Kalman on carriage. A CO- holds the attention of Batty Baker, Hope Kalman, ond Mrs. Ralph. BIOCHEMISTRY SEROLOGY Our first encounter with dishwashing in real quantity was in our first month in biochemistry. After the siege of "dishpan hands" had abated and we were well along in our junior month, there was a rendezvous with "carriage" at central supply every morning at eight. (So many of those ward patients just don't have any veins!) Besides the impressive CO- apparatus there were the exasperating cholesterol esters, fifty-nine-min-ute-sixty-second-phosphatases. and our invaluable aides: Geraldine, Gertrude, and Garibaldi. We mastered Beer's Law and normality problems and found that urobilinogens have a definite odor all their own. Usually during the second year of our training we spend three months in serology. Kolmer-Was-sermons and other complement-fixation tests. Kahns, Klines, spinal fluid serologies and titrations form the nucleus of the course. But none of us will forget Mrs. Lynch's monthly oral quizzes when she answered more questions than she asked: making Dr. Kolmer's 8:50 A.M. coffee: guinea pigs who seemed to hide their hearts in their feet when we were learning to bleed them: beating the egg albumin too vigorously and winding up with meringue: and the classic answer to the classic question: ' Why do we use 0.9% saline on Friday?” Dorii Edwordt, Blanche War-thafsky, Eleanor Frederick and Grace Harriion let up Kahnt. Rachel levitx and Nancy Haii invite diihpan handi. Mrt. Lynch knowt the bait woy to o guinea pig'j heart.BACTERIOLOGY PARASITOLOGY We entered bacteriology lab with the true spirit of "microbe hunters," but after one week we dis- Dr. Spaulding, Mitt Realtor, and guinea pig (T8 or not TB). carded all thoughts of doing any hunting—too Joon Hauler and Min Green in th mtdSo kitchen. many hod already been found! So we spent the next four months learning os much as possible about as many as possible. Gradually, acid-fast, "rod set-up," normal flora. "shot-gun broth." and many other awe-inspiring terms lost their glamour and took on meaning for us. Our daily reading of plates was a pleasant and informative ritual. We eventually learned even to distinguish between pneumo and viridans. We spent our third month in the media kitchen concocting various delicacies to tempt the fastidious appetities of the bacteria. After feeding billions of organisms we left the kitchen firmly convinced that this "hot-spot" was os fatal to excess poundage os a Turkish bath. Dr. Spaulding's weekly quizzes kept us on our toes and were invaluable in keeping us up to date with our studying. The nucleus of the balantidium coli was the answer to our prayer in parasitology—we couldn't miss that. We learned that the number of nuclei in an amebic cyst was a question of paramount importance: that tape worms have more complicated lives than Dick Tracy: and that the mere mention of fleas, bedbugs, and lice made us scratch. Min Tuerffi ihowi type III pneumo to Kay Cochran, Francet Woiner. Jane Lorah. and Claudio Goode. Jon« Lorah, Min Flottmon, and much top« worm.ADVERTISERS and PATRGNS 29bThe Home of DRUCO-OPTUS DRUG PRODUCTS The Standard of Quality and Value Sold by 1500 Registered Pharmacies Who Display This Seal PHILADELPHIA WHOLESALE DRUG COMPANY PHILADELPHIA 296BEST WISHES American Sterilizer Company ERIE, PENNSYLVANIA Philadelphia Headquarters: 1616 Walnut Street "PIERRE UNIFORMS" Manufacturers and Designers of . QUALITY INTERNE SUITS . 224-226 South Eleventh Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. ARMY, NAVY AND MARINE OFFICERS' UNIFORMS AND EQUIPMENT You are entitled to the best .. . Insist on Pierre's to be sure to get it Every Garment Guaranteed To Give Complete Satisfaction 297KEESAL’S P HARMAEY Registered Pharmacist Always in Attendance STUDENT SUPPLIES (Everything the Student Needs) SKULL PEN AND GIFT SHOP A Full Line of Fountain Pens When You Equip Your Office Let Us Supply Your DESK SET • We Repair Fountain Pens Checks Cashed for Students . .Next to Medical School. . 3434-3436 No. Broad Street PHILADELPHIA, PA. Phones: PHARMACY: RAD. 9955 GIFT SHOP: RAD. 9809 298TIOGA TAILORING Cleaning - Dyeing - Pressing Repairing - Relining Remodel Furs at Reasonable Prices ROBERT JONES (Formerly with Wanamaker) 1533 W. Ontario St., Phila.. Pa. - Rad. 7486 The Ohio Chemical Mfg. Co. 3623-25 Brandywine Street Phila., Pa. NITROUS OXIDE OXYGEN Oxygen Therapy Equipment HEIDBRINK Gas Machines and Accessories Established Since 1854 D. KLEIN BROS. Incorporated Tailors of QUALITY NURSES CAPES 715-17-19 Arch Street Phila., Pa. M. I. KELLY CO. MEATS - FOOD PRODUCTS ★ 24 So. Delaware Ave. Philadelphia, Pa. TEMPLE FLORAL SHOP North Philadelphia's Most Outstanding Florist Corsages and Cut Flowers 3508 N. Broad St. Rad. 3645 Race 4278 Poplar 5015-5016 JENKINS ELEVATOR and MACHINE COMPANY Incorporated 443 N. 13th St. Philadelphia, Pa. S E I B French Cleaners and Dyers 1304 W. Tioga Street RADcliff5178 NIKEL'S FOR DEFENSE for defense ol a neat appearance Professional Laundry Nurses—Interns—Students—Technicians For uniforms White as Snow All garments ironed by hand 3407 N. 13th St. Rad. 0651 Where the PILLING surgical instrument and business startod 128 years ago near Second and Dock Sts. The firm has boon in continuous operation since then. WE MAKE AND SELL AT RETAIL Instruments for general surgery, ear, nose, and throat, bronchoscopy, neurosurgery, diagnosis, and all hospital and physicians' supplies. P1LLING-MADE INSTRUMENTS COST NO MORE THAN GOOD INSTRUMENTS SHOULD GEORGE P. PILLING SON E0. Arch $ 23rd Streets. Philadelphia, Pa. 299REMEMBER . . . RESTAURANT — 3 5 4 5 — NORTH BROAD STREET ★ 300For Fraternity House and Personal Radios—Players—Records Radio Parts Equipment Co. 3319 N. Broad St. Phila., Pa. FOR ADDED WEAR BON TON HOSIERY White and Dress Hosiery 3538 Germantown Ave. Phila.. Pa. Walnut 1468 W. E. RYAN, Inc. "Down Home Farms" Butter, Eggs, Poultry and Sausage Stalls 544 and 554 Reading Terminal Market Philadelphia, Pa. PHARMACEUTICALS E MULFORD B10L0GICALS REAGENT SPECIALTIES for Microscopic Technique ★ HARTMAN-LEDDON CO. Manufacturers of Harleco Reagent Specialties Catalogue on Request PHILADELPHIA, PA. BERNARD'S PHARMACY 15th Tioga Streets MARIE'S Professional Laundry Students' Coats and Nurses' Uniforms Done by Hand 3336 N. Broad St. Bal. 1703 301STEVE" Welcomes You to the COLLEGE INN WHERE TO MEET YOUR FRIENDS WHERE TO MAKE FRIENDS WHERE TO BRING YOUR FRIENDS ☆ Something New and Deliciously Prepared Each Day in the Chef's Special ☆ See "STEVE.” He's Always Willing to Oblige. ☆ The Recreation Center Between and After Classes DOWNSTAIRS — CORNER BROAD ONTARIO "STEVE” YANNES, Proprietor SAG. 9979 302Compliments ot Hospital Clothing Co. UNIFORMS FOR NURSES STUDENTS — GRADUATES 1107 Walnut Street Philadelphia. Pa. Phone: PENnypacker 8576 William A. Weaver Hospital and Institution Equipment 6742 Lawnton Avenue (Oak Lane) Philadelphia. Pa. Phone: WAVerly 6139 Bell Phone: SAG. 1552 J. H. Myers Co. 3627 N. Broad St. (Arcade) Diamonds—Watches—Jewelry CAMERAS GIFTS Lamb Brothers STATIONERS and PRINTERS ★ 708 Chestnut Street Philadelphia, Pa. Bell: LOMbard 6957 Keystone: Main 1707 Best Wishes from the Manufacturers ot • BENZEDRINE INHALER • BENZEDRINE SOLUTION • BENZEDRINE SULFATE TABLETS • PENTNUCLEOTIDE • Accepted by the Council on Pharmacy and Chemistry of the American Medical Association SMITH, KLINE FRENCH LABORATORIES PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA Established 1841 303CIVILIAN AND MILITARY TAILORS The real pleasure and satisfaction in an Ermilio hand-tailored garment come from the feeling and assurance that your suit has been made for you alone, that it enhances your personality, that it expresses you at your best. You cannot be sure of these things in garments made on a mass production basis. That is why the finest clothes are custom made—by hands of deftness, skill, and precision—by men who might list a craftsman's love of fine work among their tailoring tools. imilio TAILOR 1605 Walnut Street - Philadelphia More and more, the youth of America is learning and training with motion pictures. And the genius of Bell Howoll has produced the best—precision-built cameras, projectors, and accessories—for the genius that is America—Youth! Greater number of students, schooled in science, research, and precision, are demanding this finer equipment. No one should neglect the new opportunities for learning. No one should overlook tho advantage of using tomorrow's methods today. Kcop a valuable, motion picture, film record of your work and play. Filmo Dealer Service Regardless o! your need or desire. we, a your Bell Howell dealer and Filmo motion picture equipment consultant, are eager to assist you. Come in and see the ultimate in precision-built 8mm. and 16mm. cameras, projectors, and accessories, or write to . . . Williams, Brown Earle, Inc. Scientific Instruments and Supplies 918 Chostnut Street • Philadelphia DOLLY MADISON ICE CREAM yfmturrat CE CREAM DARLENE ICECREAM Phila. Dairy Products Co. 4th Poplar Sts. 304WILLIAMS' UNIFORMS Since 1876 T T T T A C ' TTM TT7 A D 1VA C WlLLlAMb UJNlrvJnMo for CIVILIAN and NAVAL INTERNES C. have topped them all in Quality and Service ★ D. WILLIAMS AND COMPANY Designers and Manufacturers 246 So. Eleventh Street Philadelphia. Pa. Frank L. Lagan Geo. H. McConnell PHILADELPHIA SURGICAL INSTRUMENT CO. 1717 Sansom Street ★ — Distributors — HAMILTON WOOD AND STEEL TREATMENT ROOM FURNITURE CASTLE STERILIZERS ★ RIT. 3613 305For Quality and Service EPPLEY'S PHARMACY Cor. W. Westr-ioreland £ 15th Streets Famous Reading Anthracite SMITH and BOYD Lehigh Ave. and Jasper Street Bell REGent 6700-6701 Keystone: East 8315 Congratulations and Thanks From BILL'S 1522 W. Ontario Street Uptown Camera Sport Shop Photographic and Athletic Supplies 3617 Germantown Avenue (V Block below Erie Ave.) UNIFORM . . . DEPENDABLE . . . PROFITABLE . . . For more than 50 years the Armour Laboratories have manufactured medical and surgical products of animal origin. The Armour Label is your assurance of uniformity, dependability and prescription profits. The ARMOUR LABORATORIES ARMOUR AND COMPANY CHICAGO. ILLINOIS The medical profession is known to give sound advice. Doctors, nurses and technicians advise everyone to drink milk. Good milk contains many of the substances prescribed for the purpose of curing ailments. No other beverage has equal health building qualities, none is so indispensable. Milk is not only the most nearly perfect food, it is one of the least expensive. A Good Prescription . . . DRINK . . . Homogenized VITAMIN D MILK! ‘'NOTICE BETTER FLAVOR" SCOTT-POWELL ARISTOCRAT DAIRIES 45th Parrish Sts. Phila., Penna. Compliments of . . . Publicker Commercial Alcohol Company 18th Street and Lehigh Avenue Philadelphia. Penna. 305DEDICATED TO THE HEALTH AND HAPPINESS OF YOUR FEET! Your feet deserve most careful consideration Entrust them to Freeman's where shoes are fitted —not merely sold; where your Doctor's prescription is filled by an expert Freeman shoe fitter; where the most modern health shoes are both scientific and smart looking. The FREEMAN Co. 3628 Germantown Avenue (In the Arcade) "No Foot Too Difficult To Fit" Special discount to Doctors and Nurses Victor V. Clad Co. Manufacturers of Food Service - Kitchen Equipment China - Glass - Silverware TUX BRAND CANNED FOODS ARE JUST BETTER MARQUETAND'S 914 Chestnut St. 3633 Germantown Ave. 3630 N. Broad Street Oxygen Ethylene Nitrous Oxide Carbon Dioxide Hydrogen Helium Medicinal Oxygen Co. Oxygen Tent Rental Service Rit. 0497 1614 Summer Street Phila.. Pa. Your Surgical Store . . INVITES YOU 117-119-121 South 11th St. Philadelphia. Pa. COMPLIMENTS END TO FFF THE LATEST IN MEDICAL EQUIPMENT SURGICAL INSTRUMENTS SHORT WAVE APPARATUS ULTRA-VIOLET LAMPS BASAL METABOLORS ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHS FLUOROSCOPES X-RAY APPARATUS MICROSCOPES LABORATORY EQUIPMENT All on Display in Philadelphia's Most Beautifully Appointed Showrooms at I. BEEBER COMPANY OF A FRI 307 1109 Walnut Street Philadelphia. Pa. Kingsley 0646 838 Broadway New York City Algonquin 4-3410OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS to the SKULL of 1942 ★ SARONY STUDIOS 1206 CHESTNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA JUST A REMINDER . . . of the Good Times You Had in .. THE CAFETERIA ★ TEMPLE UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF MEDICINE 308I UJNSISIS ■DOING SOME DEEDWflH ■MEANS CONWELL To IVnipIr's Founder, “Diamonds" were wherever un opportunity for service could In found. 11 was upon the opportunity to serve seven young men who “wanted un education' that Temple University was first visualized. From that original enrollment of seven students taught by Dr. Con well in 1881 Temple University has. in the span of 56 years, educated m ire than 100,000 young men and women. Each year, the Founder's Philosophy of “Education for All" is being more and more extended, developing and supplementing the ability of each new generation to live more enjoy ably . . . more purposefully. TEMPLE UNIVERSITY fi PHILADELPHIA Sentl for our ncic illustrated booklet, "About Tempte University” “ACRES OF IH MONOS' mailed upon request 309MEDICAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION O f TEMPLE UNIVERSITY ☆ OFFICERS FOR 1941—1942 DR. BARTON R. YOUNG. .. DR. H. TAYLOR CASWELL DR. WM. T. SNAGG 2nd Vice-President DR. REUBEN FRIEDMAN.. ☆ BOARD OF DIRECTORS Name Term Expires DR. J. M. ALESBURY June 30th. 1942 DR. I. GINSBURG «• ii ii DR. M. B. HAYES DR. R. D. MacKINNON • DR. B. S. ROXBY ii «• «% DR. I. R. WOLF « DR. J. S. ERSNER June 30th. 1943 DR. M. S. ERSNER » DR. J. J. FORD % ii n DR. S. F. MADONNA u ii %% DR. J. P. QUINDLEN ii % %% DR. H. E. BACON DR. I. FORMAN % n «i DR. M. H. GENKINS ii ii n DR. G. P. GIAMBALVO . ... %% %% n DR. W. N. PARKINSON. .. . ii ii n 310CAMPUS PUBLISHING CO. INCORPORATED 1316 ARCH STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. Producers of 1 942 SKULLPATRONS J. Marsh Alesbury, M.D. Nina A. Anderson, M.D. Jesse O. Arnold, M.D. G. M. Astley, M.D. M. Royden Astley. M.D. W. Wayne Babcock, M.D. Harry E. Bacon, M.D. Clayton Beecbam. M.D. Della S. Bergen, R.N. Charles L. Brown, M.D. W. Emory Burnett. M.D. Edward W. Chamberlain, M.D. James N. Coombs, M.D. Charles Q. DeLuca, M.D. Joseph C. Doane, M.D. Harry A. Duncan, M.D. Thomas Durant, M.D. Matthew S. Ersner, M.D. George Farrar, Jr., M.D. Temple Fay, M.D. Isadore Forman. M.D. Edwin S. Gault, M.D. G. P. Giambalvo, M.D. Glen G. Gibson, M.D. Sherman Gilpin, M.D. Isadore Ginsburg. M.D. Samuel Goldberg, M.D. Joseph N. Grossman, M.D. Jacques Guequierre, M.D. Harriet L. Hartley, M.D. Hugh Hayford, M.D. Harry Z. Hibschman, M.D. John F. Huber, M.D. G. M. Illman, M.D. Chevalier Jackson, M.D. Chevalier L. Jackson, M.D. James Kay, M.D. Thomas Klein, M.D. John A. Kolmer, M.D. Frank W. Konzelmann, M.D. John Lansbury, M.D. Waiter I. Lillie, M.D. Hesser C. C. Lindig, M.D. Alfred E. Livingston, Ph.D. Pascal F. Lucchesi, M.D. R. D. MacKinnon, M.D. C. Kenneth Miller, M.D. Thoddeus L. Montgomery, M.D John Royal Moore. M.D. Waldo E. Nelson, M.D. William N. Parkinson, M.D. Gerald Pearson, M.D. William C. Pritchard, M.D. James P. Quindlen, M.D. Robert F. Ridpoth. M.D. Victor Robinson. M.D. Saul P. Savitz. M.D. Michael Scott, M.D. Lawrence W. Smith, M.D. William A. Steel, M.D. William A. Swalm. M.D. Stoughton R. Vogel. M.D. Michael G. Wohl. M.D. Joseph B. Wolffe, M.D. Carroll S. Wright. M.D. Barton R. Young, M.D. Francis L. Zaborowski, M.D. SUBSCRIBERS Robert K. Arbuckle, M.D. Abraham J. Cohen. M.D. Robert V. Cohen, M.D. Daniel J. Donnelly. M.D. O. Spurgeon English, M.D. Reuben Friedman. M.D. J. Garrett Hickey. M.D. John Leedom. M.D. A. Neil Lemon, M.D. Joseph Lomax. M.D. Burech Rachlis, M.D. Chester Reynolds, M.D. Hugo Roesler, M.D. John B. Roxby, M.D. Melvin A. Saylor, M.D. Earl H. Spaulding, Ph.D. Ernst Spiegel. M.D. Edward Weiss. M.D. 312w tr • • 313   

Suggestions in the Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) collection:

Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1939 Edition, Page 1


Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1940 Edition, Page 1


Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1941 Edition, Page 1


Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1943 Edition, Page 1


Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1944 Edition, Page 1


Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1945 Edition, Page 1


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