Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA)

 - Class of 1933

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1933 Edition, Cover
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Text from Pages 1 - 304 of the 1933 volume:

Health Sciences Center LibraryPresented by FRANK COSTA EDITOR-IN-CHIEF LOUIS C. PESSOLANO 8USINESS MANAGERLIBRARY Temple university NURSING SCHOOLThe Skull 19 3 3 PUBLISHED BY THE SENIOR CLASS OF THE TEMPLE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL SCHOOL PHILADELPHIA. PENNSYLVANIAForeword The culmination of four years of work has been briefly but carefully chronicled on the succeeding pages. If we seem to deviate from the truth in the ensuing manuscript, we humbly beseech your forgiveness. We have striven to leave a befitting emolument of that time when we too were students and it is hoped that its contents will instil in you the SPIRIT of TEMPLE MEDICAL SCHOOL.Contents INTRODUCTION THE SCHOOL Hospitals Administration CLASSES Senior Junior Sophomore Freshman FEATURES ORGANIZATIONS Medical Societies Fraternities HUMOR ARISTOTLEChevalier Jackson From out of darkness, bleak as night is long, Into the dawn, this healing man appears, With his great work, dependable and strong, Which brings still greater thanks with passing years. To those whose lives with sorrow did abound, He brought back hope to their dispairing eyes; Those legions who now proudly gather round, To swell their deep-felt thanks unto the skies. But there is more than mystic genius here, More than the thought of laurel wreath to gain. There is a hope, as fresh as morning cheer; To lives that share the haunt of midnight pain, A champion who would quell the darkest fear, Like sunshine which dispells all thought of rain. ro?'Di ! .''r- . 0 «a iifM .ermV ' WIO n6m £.! ' f ! -I t • •- fcn©q . sip '-'W .CTSU 'i 5C r! Hrfi.ipnno y ■mu C. . ir n •. - v!| o. f ?»Y° P w v y.o ' «v igucod ©H ,bn-. i r r • v. oipol MCJ " oi j 2 £wi; !• . '-it.-f jv K oeb vad .e .©H toil. 'trh ■ 3io(t; jtl -rlv it. map ©1 J . c :: d uodf udf a Hi 10M ; 9dr • cm it if o ? AP frv mV • orft -uH dt it ,v ■• - '• .ip £-‘uO •■ o; vcm • nie' . t pui tttoqtib ftaidv, gniruny. mllj  ‘ The Skull Chevalier Jackson — A Biography (Reprint from "Medical Mentor." Vol. 3. No. I, 1932) Though he had thought seriously of devoting his life to painting, he began the study of medicine under a preceptor at the age of sixteen, and two years later matriculated at the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia. He graduated from that institution three years later (1886) and went to Europe in the fall of the same year to continue his studies. He visited clinics in Vienna. Berlin. Paris and London. It was the work of Morrell McKenzie in London that most impressed him. and in fact it was during the months spent there that he finally made up his mind to specialize in laryngology. Returning to Pittsburgh, he opened an office there, specializing in diseases of the nose, throat, and ear. He was interested in laryngeal stenosis and foreign body cases from the beginning. Endoscopy seemed to have an unnecessarily high mortality and the problems it presented appealed to his mechanical bent. His studies on the larynx in typhoid fever, carried out chiefly at the West Pennsylvania Hospital, attracted considerable attention. He soon became a member of the staff of the Eye and Ear. the Presbyterian, and the Allegheny General Hospital, as well as a number of others. Gradually he restricted his work more and more to laryngology and endoscopy, giving up first the ear and then the nose and pharynx. In 1907 he published "Tracheobronchoscopy Esophagoscopy and Gastroscopy." the first textbook on endoscopy in the English language. Since then he has become internationally known as a pioneer in the new specialty most generally known as "bronschoscopy." From 1912 to 1916 Dr. Jackson was professor of laryngology at the University of Pittsburgh. In 1917, he was called back to Jefferson Medical College in Philadelphia as professor of laryngology, succeeding Professor D. Braden Kyle. Seven years later a chair of bronchoscopy was created and he resigned the professorship of laryngology to become Professor of Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy. Shortly thereafter a similar chair was created for him at the Graduate School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania. In 1930, a chair of bronchoscopy was created at Temple University. The latest of Dr. Jackson's clinics to be established is that at CHEVALIER JACKSON was born in Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania, on the fourth day of November. 1865. His father was English and his mother of French and Dutch descent. As a boy his chief interests were making things with tools and painting pictures. His boyhood was spent just outside of the city, part of it on a farm. 1933Ihe Skull the Temple University Hospital, and it is at that institution, where he is assisted by his son. Chevalier Lawrence Jackson, that Dr. Jackson is now working exclusively. Student physicians come from all over the world to take Dr. Jackson's post graduate course in endoscopy. He has given similar courses in Paris, in the clinics of Professor Lemaitre and Professor Sebileau in 1925, 1927, 1929 and 1930. France has made him Chevalier and later Officier de la Legion d'Honneur, and Belgium Chevalier d I’Ordre de Leopold, in recognition of his internationalism. Within the present year (1931) he was made on Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Medicine, being the first laryngologist to receive that honor. In 1933 Dr. Jackson was mad© Commander of the Order of the Crown of Italy. He is likewise a member of the Scottish Society of Otology and Laryngology. Membre Correspondent de la Societe de Laryngologie des Hopitaux de Paris. Member of the Medical Advisory Board in America of the American Hospital of Paris, Membre d'Honneur de la Societe Beige d'Otorhino-laryngologie. Membre d'Honneur de la Societatee Romana de Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie, Honorary Member of the Polskie Towarzystwo Otorhinolaryngologiczne. Societa Italiana di Laringologia Otologia e Rinologia Sociedad Otorniolaringologica Madrilena, Academia Nacional de Medicinade Mexico. Svenska Lakaresallskapet. Commendatore del Ordina della Corona d'Italia and Membre Correspondent de la Societe d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie de Lyon et de la Region. Dr. Jackson's internationalism is well exemplified by his interest in the Pan American Medical Association. He attended the First Congress of the Association in Havana in 1928-1929, when he presented a paper on "The Bronchoscope as an Aid to the Physician and Surgeon in the Treatment of Disease of the Lung." Again in the past year he attended the Third Congress of the Association in Mexico City, where, with his son. he presented a paper on "Diseases of the Esophagus." Among Dr. Jackson's literary works may be mentioned especially: "Tracheobronchoscopy Esophagoscopy and Gastroscopy" (1907). "Peroral Endoscopy and Laryngeal Surgery" (1914), "Bronschoscopy and Esophagoscopy" (1922 and 1927). The latter two have been translated into French. In addition to these books. Dr. Jackson has published many monographs and articles on every phase of laryngology and peroral endoscopy, served as co-editor and contributor to Jackson-Coates on "Diseases of the Nose. Throat and Ear" and as contributor to Dean Lewis's System of Surgery and many other works. Eleven 1933Ihe Skull TRAOCLirr S021, RlTTZVMOUSr 8 + 00 CAIltl. AO RC»(l .ClItVAl. PmLAOtmiiA Dr.Chevauer Jackson Dr. Chevalier Lawrence Jackson 3-V32 North Broad Street Pin LADE L PH IA, B .,U S A. April 4, 1933 To the Senior Class, It is a pleasure to greet and congratulate the Graduating Class of 1933 of Temple University School of Medicine. You are to be congratulated not only upon the achievement of qualifying for the degree of Doctor of Medicine but equally upon your admission to the profession that has done, and will do, more than any other for the physical welfare of the human rece. You are to be congratulated on the opportunity you now have to carry on the traditions of this great and noble profession. Yours sincerely Chevalier Jackso CJ AS 933The Skull A Herbert Tilley, F.R.C.S., M.D. Consulting Surgeon (Dis. Ear. Noso and Throat) University Collego Hospital (London) Ex-President: The Medical Society of London $ I WRITE these lines, it is exactly a year ago (February 20. 1932) since Mr. Wilfred Trotter. F.R.S.. took, as the subject of his Hunterian Oration before the Royal College of Surgeons—"The Commemoration of Great Men." In that memorable and profoundly thoughtful address, the following paragraph will be found: "It is possible that a future and more realistic age may reach the conclusion that the time to celebrate its heroes is while they are alive, and not to wait with our remarkable patience until they are safely dead. Such an age will perhaps reason in its clear way that its duty towards its great men is to get as much out of them as it can. and that no piety after their death can equal in effectiveness for the purpose, a receptive and sympathetic understanding during their lives." These lines came to my mind when the invitation reached me to send some "message" for the annual publication of "The Skull." which is to be dedicated to my long-time, valued, and loyal friend—Dr. Chevalier Jackson. Here—I said to myself—is a splendid opportunity for obeying the injunction of our Hunterian Orator to praise a Master-mind in medicine while he is yet with us, and who, for all time—will rank with those of whom it has been said—“These were honoured in their generations, and were the glory of the times." (Ecdesiasticus xliv. 7.) But. Mr. Editor, with only mere words as an executive medium, my task is as hopeless as it is honourable, nor would I undertake it, if it were not with the certain knowledge that the cement which binds an understanding friendship will not be loosened by any poverty of expression on my part. Memory takes me back some thirty years to the occasion when I first met Chevalier Jackson in London at a Medical Congress, and like many of my colleagues, I was struck with his modest demeanour, his stubborn adherence to facts acquired by personal experience, and his "I don't know" where he did not consider a final expression of opinion was warranted. It was in those days that Killian had already established the value of Direct Endoscopy of the Larynx, and Lower Air Passages and the Oesophagus, especially as a means of removing foreign bodies from those regions. In his instrument, the electric Thirteen 933 The Skull bulb was so fixed to the proximal end of the tube that only 50% of its light was available for illumination. Shortly afterwards. Killian's assistant, Bruning. improved the mechanism so that nearly 100% of light could be directed on the field of observation. But this proximal illumination involved a good deal of top-hamper, and the surgeon had to look through a sort of "key-hole” during the manipulation of his forceps, etc. An enormous improvement was soon to follow when Chevalier Jackson placed the light bulb at the distal end of the tube and thus provided for a full, unhindered view of the regions under examination, and removed those hindering mechanisms to which I have first referred. It seems strange to some of us that proximal light is still used in some of the Continental Clinics. As one who used the Bruning-Killian instrument for five to six years, I have often thought that to Jackson's transference of the light from the near to the distal end of the tube, is due the perfection of the art of Direct Endoscopy as we know it to-day, and in consequence the saving of thousands of lives from imminent peril. Fourteen But "The Moving Finger writes, and having writ Moves on; . . . and the exigencies of time and space preclude me from saying more of what humanity owes to our friend for all he has done to make of Peroral Endoscopy one ot the great beacon-lights in the history of Medicine, and to have substantiated the prediction of The Great Teacher, who some 2,000 years ago said: "There is nothing hid which shall not be manifested." Mark iv. 22.) If these lines catch the eye of anyone whose work lies outside the ambit of the subject, but who may. nevertheless, be interested in it, let him open Jackson s "Peroral Endoscopy"—the Bible of the Endoscopist—where he will be able—alas:— to see how scant justice I have been compelled to do its author. His fellow-countrymen—professional and lay—have bestowed their highest honours upon him. and most of the medical centres of all civilised countries have in various ways shown their appreciation of his work. It will always be for me a proud recollection that in that Autumn of 1930, I was able to procure for him an invitation from the Royal Society of Medicine. London, to give a General Lecture on "Bronchoscopy in Relation to Diseases of the Chests." It is an honour reserved for the few. The large lecture hall was packed as never before or since; the audience was held spell-bound by the quiet yet forceful delivery of the lecturer, and almost awed by his capacity for making chalk-drawings without interrupting his discourse. By my side sat Lord Moynihan —President of the Royal College of Surgeons—who turned to me and said: "What an artist!" A few weeks later ihe name of Chevalier Jackson was added to the small list 1933The Skull of Honorary Fellows of "The Royal Society of Medicine"—it has no greater honour at its disposal. The following evening the Laryngological Section of that Society gave a dinner with Jackson as our chief guest, during which we were delighted to discover in him, a hitherto unknown but deep spring of sparkling humour which, as might have been expected, was frequently directed against himself. In these few halting lines, and with indifferent success—it has been my purpose to make such simple reflections as are fitting for an occasion when we all desire to commemorate one of the great Masters in Medicine, who is still amongst us. In St. Paul's Cathedral, London, there may be seen over the tomb of its architect—Sir Christopher Wren—the engraved lines: "Si monumentum requiris. circumspice." He did not live to see them, but our colleague. Chevalier Jackson, whom we honour today, must be one of the few who has long since seen his own monument the Bronchoscopic Clinics, which a grateful city has erected in appreciation of his brilliant pioneer and still sustained work in that particular branch medicine. If I may be allowed to speak for my British associates, it would be to say that we would like to join the Graduating Class of Temple Medical School "in expressing, in the columns of "The Skull" our respectful admiration of Chevalier Jackson s life's work in Peroral Bronchoscopy, to acknowledge how much we have learned and still hope to learn from him, and last but not least, how deep is our admiration of all those intangible virtues which make him so much beloved by his friends and so deeply respected by all. Fiftoen 933 ■ Ihe Skull DOCTEUR FERNAND LEMAITRE Sixteen Professeur a la Faculte de Medecine Oto-Rhino-Laryngologiite de L'Hopital Lariboisicre QUE dire du Professeur Chevalier-Jackson? Nous le connaissons tous, et tous, nous I'admirons autant que nous I'aimons. J'ai eu, a differentes reprises. I'heureuse occasion de me trouver a ses cotes; je connais aussi bien I'Homme que le Medecin; je n'hesite pas £ dire de lui: Apotre convaincu. Artiste fin et distingue, il est avant tout un Grand Coeur. Apotre convaincu, il va. prechant de par le monde la Science de la Broncho-oesophagoscopie qu'il a su faire sienne. II repand ainsi la bonne parole partout ou on le lui demande mais. comme tout apotre. il a. en dehors de sa Patrie. sa terre de predilection; et. pour lui. la terre de predilection, c'est la France. Je n'oublierai jamais avec quel enthousiasme, avec quel desinteressement, il a repondu a tous mes appels. Qu'il me soit permis de Ten remercier aujourd'hui publiquement! Artiste aussi fin que distingue, il est pourvu de dons merveilleux qu'une bonne fee lui prodigua sans compter le jour de la naissance. Son habilete est vraiment extraordinaire. On est sous le charme auand on le voit dessiner. de ses deux mains un peu anguleuses mais toujours si souples, les remarquables petits tableaux dont il dime illustrer son cours et que signeraient volontiers les plus grands maitres. On est dans I'admiration quand. tel le plus etourdissant des prestigitateurs, il jongle du bout de sa pince avec les corps etrangers les plus rebelles. enclaves profondement dans les voies respiratoires. Et, ce qui ajoute encore aux qualites de I'artiste, c'est la simplicity, c'est I'aisance, c'est la modestie avec lesquelles tout cela est accompli . . . Le Professeur Chevalier-Jeckson est avant tout un Grand Coeur. Cela ne s'analyse pas; cela se sent. Point n'est besoin d'avoir de delicates antennes pour percevoir les ondes qui emanent de toute sa personne. Ces ondes traversent aisement les mers, et c'est pour cela que nous apprecions si vivement. de ce cote de I'Atlan-tique. la grande bonte de notre grand ami. Elies agissent. naturellement. plus encore sur les etres qui evoluent au sein meme de son orbite et c'est pour cela que, dans son entourage immediat, on nourrit h son egard, des sentiments qui rappellent le culte que les croyants professent pour leur Dieu: Admiration, Silence et Recueillement. Chevalier-Jackson est notre gloire medicale mondiaie. 1933I T IS a pleasure to have this opportunity to congratulate you and the editorial staff ■ of the "Skull" in paying this tribute to Dr. Jackson who has done more than anyone living to advance and to place on a firm foundation the field of Bronchoscopy Esophagoscopy. I am glad to join in this expression of admiration for Dr. Jackson and to extend to him my best personal wishes. Sincerely. THOSE of us who have known Doctor Chevalier Jackson always, remember him as ■ a teacher filled with enthusiastic energy and v ho stimulated scientific interest; an indefatigable worker and one possessed of an unusual amount of technical skill; a humanitarian of high order; a lovable friend. DEAN OP THE UNIVERSITY OF PITTSBURGH MEDICAL SCHOOL I T IS a privilege to extend my greetings to Dr. Chevalier Jackson through the medium of "The Skull." Even greater than his scientific and technical achievements has been his ability to inspire faith and confidence. He has built up a unique field by the force of his own example and as the result of his own idealism. With cordial greetings, believe me. CLEVELAND CLINIC. CLEVELAND. OHIO Seventeen 1933Jhe Skull | FORGET who was the politician who said:— "A merciful providence fashioned us hollow “So that we might our principles swallow." Anyhow, the same providence was merciful in creating various hollows in our anatomy for the investigation, study and creative skill of Chevalier Jackson. This is an age of records and record-breaking. It is not likely that anyone will ever beat his record of having seen more of the hollowness of mankind than any Diogenes, any Schopenhauer, or all the cynics of antiquity. Although he has often seen humanity through and through he still keeps a good heart and believes in good fellowship. He is the mildest mannered man that ever cut a throat or commandeered a foreign body. We wish him well. Post President of the Royal Society of Modicine and the Medical Society. London. England. Emeritus Professor of Laryngology in King's College Hospital. 1933 EighteenIn h l ■ ■ ■ ■ I li t when thy summons com e ► in that i n n u m erable caravan ich moves to that mysterious realm here each shall take his oh In the silent hells of death o not like a quarry night, soourg tained end s'tering who ach thy couch the JraRer. h i m • d But ep oui pie n d I i° s d to thecJ like of hi: d own mber His dungeon nt Thanatopsis (W'. C. B.) r?orneM r! ivP an - mu v ' -Jw i: r,..v- - c lt o 1. Tlt»: » 'I,til . oi '.w Vym teH c « flro ' ‘W 1Q«.:-Y!£ rk 4 fl«Ul iiOf! ' I toHW ■ lo ill i. t •( fry •itup «di. mV. ut .r » • .; b i ti oi Jfespnj .tu’gjiv sv.- !? L- ♦bo. l -Ml at • •iafrr.u vrtw f dV« -qA i.i to W i br nv i:.wcA trio. tie ol . iacj (s , v, . I FRANCIS BRECKER1933 TEMPLE UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL Ihe SkullThe Skull Twenty-five 1933 The dedication of a new building on June 28, 1925, greatly enlarged the Samaritan Hospital and the renovation of the older sections enabled this branch of the institution to fake its place among the largest and best-equipped hospitals of the city. The bed capacity at this time was 330. The close connection between the hospital and School of Medicine was shown in the winter of 1929. when it was decided to change the name of the hospital to Temple University Hospital. Ground was broken for the new Medical School building in the Fell of 1929, to be erected directly opposite the Hospital at Broad and Ontario Streets. The building was ready for occupancy in September, 1930, after a total cost of the complete structure of a million and a quarter dollars. A beautiful room was built to house the splendid library which had been at the disposal of students and instructors in the cramped quarters at Eighteenth and Buttonwood Streets. Dispensaries and administrative offices share with the library the first and second floors. The third floor houses the Departments of Neurological Research and Pharmacology. The fourth floor is devoted to the Departments of Chemistry and Physiology. The Departments of Pathology, Bacteriology and Public Health occupy.the fifth floor and the sixth floor is assigned to the Department of Anatomy and Radiology. The seventh floor contains storage facilities and the medical and surgical Research Rooms. The Garretson-Greatheart Hospital was moved to Broad and Ontario Streets in the Summer of 1932. and a new floor erected in the Temple University Hospital. making a total of 469 beds. This is known as the Greatheart Floor and is devoted exclusively to the Obstetric and Pediatric Departments.Fhe Skull MEDICAL SCHOOL LOBBY Twonly-six THE LIBRARY 1933Ihe Skull 1933HOSPITALS ENJOYING the privileges of study in eight large hospitals, as well as the Temple University Hospital, the student in his clinical years is afforded opportunities that are unparalleled. The strategic position of the Temple University Hospital in North Philadelphia, is a gateway, as it were, to the outpatient in that part of the city. Acutely awar. that the old Greatheart-Garretson Hospital was becoming somewhat antiquated, the Board of Trustees built, within the past year, a new wing on the University Hospital, with most modern facilities known to the healing art. Standing very impressively at the end of the Broad Street subway, with its majestic spires pointing to the sky. is the Jewish Hospital, to v hose wards the Temple students have access. Old Blockley, now Philadelphia General Hospital, by far the largest Hospital in the city, throws its doors open to the men of Temple as well as does the Municipal Hospital. Orthopedics could find no better place to be studied, and the principles of that phase of medicine be applied than at the Shriner's Hospital, situated on the Roosevelt Boulevard. St. Christopher's Hospital supplies all that is necessary to the earnest student of Children’s diseases, and Eagleville Sanitarium, a type of institution which stands very highly in the field of treatment for Tuberculosis. Finally, but not least of all, where the fledglings in medicine are first initiated into the sanctum sanctorum of the bedside, the Episcopal Hospital graciously allows the Sophomores to study Physical Diagnosis within its walls.Ihe Skull The Temple University Hospital THO' not the largest hospital in Philadelphia in point of size, nor boasting the greatest bed capacity, yet our hospital is second to none in activity. Temple University Hospital has a capacity of 438 beds, including 51 bassinettes, and the greater part of its out-patient department is conducted in the new medical school building. During the junior year we were first initiated into the clinics and ward walks on both sides of Broad Street and 'twas then that we realized the entire principles of the art and science of medicine were not locked up in the notebooks of our freshman and sophomore years. The senior year brought us a more intimate view and knowledge of our hospital. Our classes in the "Amph." our "O. R. Regime," and most of all. our case assignments made us feel that we were really and truly cogs, however small, in the great healing machine. On the staff of Temple University Hospital are Clinicians who are not only eminent in Eastern medical centers, but who are both nationally and internationally known. Their contributions to medical science, art, and literature are a source of pride to us who are privileged to attend this institution. Each year men of renown in some particular field of medicine are added to its staff, who, together with Dean Parkinson, medical director of the hospital, ably guide its destiny in keeping with the spirit of progress of a Greater Temple. Thirty 1933TTTe Skull WEDNESDAY—Philadelphia General. On this day, the Junior and Senior classes, divided in sections, receive instruction in the various departments of this mammoth hospital, where a wealth of material in every branch of medicine is to be found. This hospital began as the Almshouse, known as "The Green Meadows," which was first located at Third and Pine Streets. According to Agnew, "Green Meadows" was the first hospital in this country, having been founded in 1731. In 1767, this institution was moved to Tenth and Pine Streets, and renamed the "Bettering House." By order of the State Legislature, the present site was purchased in Blockley Township in 1882. At the suggestion of Dr. Gerhard, the man who established the distinction between typhoid and typhus fevers, the name, "Philadelphia Hospital, was adopted. Subsequently, the three main divisions of the institution were called, "The Philadelphia Home and Hospital for the Indigent," which sheltered the paupers; "The Philadelphia Hospital for the Insane"; and the hospital proper, "The Philadelphia General Hospital." PHILADELPHIA GENERAL HOSPITAL The Philadelphia General Hospital Thirty-two 1933The Skull Thirty-three 1933 m .7 'ivstw cm The Municipal Hospital IN 1726, the Municipal Hospital was called the "Pest House" and was located at Ninth and Spruce Streets in the city. For over a hundred and fifty years this institution would disappear, then reappear again, in time of need, in a more remote part of the city. In 1865, the hospital was located at 22nd and Lehigh, in a group of crude buildings which served its purpose until 1909. During this year thirty-one separate buildings were constructed at a cost of about two million dollars, at the present site at Second and Luzerne. In 1908, the late Dr. Samuel S. Woody became Medical Director. He stated that the then distant site was chosen for the hospital because "With everyone holding the misconception that infectious diseases were disseminated through the air, it was thought that no more isolated spot could be found than this which was. and is, bounded by farm land, a brick yard, and two cemeteries. Now, we know that the institution could stand at Broad and Chestnut Streets with perfect safety to the community." Yet how many medical students still heave a sigh of relief when they take off their gowns at two thirty on Tuesday afternoon. [he Skull The Jewish Hospital THIS modern, spacious hospital, located at York and Tabor Roads, was first opened in a small building on Westminster Avenue at Haverford Road and Fisher's Avenue, now Fifty-sixth Street in West Philadelphia. The following inscription in one of the hallways epitomizes its aims and purposes: "This hospital was erected by the voluntary contributions of the Israelites of Philadelphia and is dedicated to the relief of the sick and wounded without regard to creed, color, or nationality, under the management of a Board of Members of the Jewish Hospital Association," Through the kindness of its Board of Managers, this hospital became affiliated with Temple University in 1928. Under the supervision of Doctor Joseph C. Doane. former superintendent of the Philadelphia General Hospital, now director of the Jewish Hospital. the Senior Class has access to the wealth of medical and surgical material of this institution. We are indeed deeply indebted and very grateful to the authorities of the Jewish Hospital. Thirty-four 1933The Skull Eagleville Sanatorium THE sanatorium, one of the most modern and best equipped in the country, is a magnificent group of buildings including a modern hospital; a convalescent building; a children's pavilion, ten cottages for recuperating patients, a nurses' training school and home: an administration building; a dining hall; power plants and other structures covering an area of seventy-six acres. Doctor A. J. Cohen, clinical professor of medicine at Temple University Medical School, and his staff, founded the Eagleville Sanatorium in 1909. Since then it has grown until it is now among the best institutions of its kind for the treatment of diseases of the chest. While every kind of tuberculous patient, and every type of tuberculosis is treated here, the institution is perhaps better known for its work in the surgical treatment of tuberculosis. Its staff was among the first to employ artificial pneumothorax—a treatment now universally recognized for its efficacy. In 1919 the Eagleville Dispensary was opened in Philadelphia, and is now located at Broad and Fitzwater Streets. Here patients are examined, studied, classified and cared for until they are admitted to the sanatorium at Eagleville. It is a great privilege for the Junior and Senior Classes to study the management of the sanatorium and treatment of tuberculosis at the institution and we are genuinely appreciative of this splendid opportunity. Thirty-five 1933The Skull Thirty-six 1933 Episcopal Hospital A CHARTER was obtained to build the Protestant Episcopal Hospital in 1851. The same year it was erected on its present site at Lehigh Avenue and Front Street. During 1852 only six patients were accommodated while in 1904 there were 2.951 patients served in the hospital and an additional 23.337 patients cared for in the dispensaries. Today the Episcopal Hospital has a capacity of 450 beds and a very large out-patient department. This hospital, among the leading in the city, has newly equipped buildings and an abundance of teaching material. It is here that the Sophomores are initiated into Clinical Medicine under the expert guidance of Doctor James Kay. With a feeling of pride we acknowledge our sincere appreciation in being fortunate enough to be associated with the Episcopal Hospital. The Skull The Shriner's Hospital for Crippled Children 1933 ESTABLISHED in 1926, the Shriner’s Hospital for Crippled Children is located just ■■ north of the city on Roosevelt Boulevard. It has a capacity of over 100 beds, and a very large out-patient department. There are always hundreds awaiting admission, and thousands cared for annually. The institution has truly done yeoman service for the youth of this country, both near and far, spreading messages of hope and cheer with unheard-of accomplishments, to the hundreds and thousands of tortured little souls, calling them down the road to health and happiness. It is in this institution that we receive practical teaching in every phase of orthopedics from Dr. John Royal Moore, its chief surgeon and our own Professor of Orthopedics. Temple University is indeed fortunate in having its students admitted to this Hospital, and privileged to the most able guidance of such a master as young J. R. Thirty-sovonHARVEY .THE FACULTY AS WE stand on the threshold of our careers, the future beckons us to take our places in the profession for which we have so long labored and aspired to become a part. 'Though commencement is an inevitable milestone on the way to our coveted goal, we approach it with a peculiarly discomforting feeling. We face the unpleasant realization that we shall no longer be able to enjoy the sense of security afforded by the close proximity to our professors. We must now go forth relying upon our own resources. Now. as the end approaches, we recount the experiences of the four years which come to a close. With a deep sense of obligation and reverence do we recall the role played by our beloved teachers. From the first day of our initiation into the intricacies of medicine, they lead us through the maze of a strange pursuit. Months and years roll on and we constantly delve more deeply. Obstacles that seem, at times, insurmountable, present themselves with discouraging regularity, only to melt away under their able efforts and guidance. In retrospect we can appreciate the care we have been and the aggravation we must have caused. How can we show our gratitude? With the poet's verbal fluency we might adequately pen their praises. With the sculpture's chisel we might carve a monument to their efforts in our behalf, but an opportunity more substantial awaits us as we venture forth in all directions to practice the Art and Science of Medicine which they have taught us. We pray that our endeavors and achievements may serve os a more enduring monument to their efforts. Taking our leave we do so with an attitude of servitude to humanity and our profession, a keen appreciation for our teachers and with a pledge of allegiance and support to our Alma Mater and its administrators who have so magnificently built an institution which swells our bosoms with pride.The Skull CHARLES E. BEURY, B.A., LL.B., LL.D. President of the University Forty 1933 "The Skull DR. WILLIAM N. PARKINSON, B.S.. M.D., M.Sc. (Med.). F.A.CS. Dean and Professor of Clinical Surgery Forty-one 1933 ITTe Skull Forty-two 1933"The Skull FRANK C. HAMMOND, M.D., Sc.D., F.. Honorary Dean and Professor of Gynec Forty-three 1933"The Skull WILMER KRUSEN. M.D.. F.A.C.S.. L.L.D., Sc.D. Emeritus Promisor of Gynecology HENRY F. SUPER. M.D. Emeritus Professor of Physiology SAMUEL WOLFE. A.M.. M.D. Emeritus Profossor of Medicine ARTHUR C. MORGAN, M.D., Sc.D. F.A.C.P. Emeritus Professor of Clinical Modicine Forty-four 1933Ihe Skull DR. H. BROOKER MILLS Emeritus Professor of Pediatrics yO DR. H. BROOKER MILLS wo owe our first ' insight into that young subject, Ped at':cs: to him the school owes the development of its Pediatric department, for it was through his tireless efforts of seventeen years' service that advancement towards our present Pediatric department took place. Which one of us cannot recall this grand man. punctual in all his undertakings and eager to impart to his students the knowledge gained from a wealth of experience. Of Dr. Mills, who has retired, it moy bo said that all who were associated with him have marveled at his tireless activity and his unselfish devotion to Temple. He has thoroughly earned the abundant affection and high esteem in which he is held by all. Forty-five 1933 DR. WILLIAM EGBERT ROBERTSON Emeritus Professor of Theory and Practice of Medicino and Clinical Medicine yA LTHOUGH we as a class have only been in contact with Dr. William Egbert Robertson during our junior year, yet it was long enough to roolize that hero was a man. a physician, a teacher, a gentleman and a scholar. To him was entrusted the teaching of that groat subject "Medicino," ond he will long be remembered by oil who ever "sat on the benches" during his lecturos, as a great teacher and scholar. Ho has contributed much, in a brood, material way, to the growth ond development of our medical school. However, he contributed still more in a spiritual way and his students, particularly, will remember him for this contribution and the inspirations derived from his teachings. Practicing what he preached, small wonder, then, that he enjoyed the confidence, admiration, respoct and love of all who came in contact with him. The Skull W. WAYNE BABCOCK A.M. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Surgery Born in East Worcester, New York, June 10, 1872. M.D.. College of Physicians and Surgeons. Baltimore, Md.. 1893. University of Pennsylvania I89S Medico-Chirurgical College. 1900. A.M., Honorary. Gettysburg College, 1904. Formerly Resident Physician. Philadelphia Polyclinic and College for Graduates, 1895-1896: House Surgeon Kensington Hospital for Women. Philadelphia. 1896-1893; Dcmonstrotor ond Lecturer in Pathology and Bactcr.-ology. Medico Chirurgical College. Philadelphia, 1896-1903; Curator to the Pathological Society of Philadelphia. 1896-1903; Professor of Gynecoloqy at the Kensington Hospital for Women, 1903; Professor of Oral Surgery. Philadelphia Dental College, 1907-1908; Professor of Surgery and Clinical Surgery, Temple University Medical School. 1903—. Fellow of American College of Surgeons, Member of American Therapeutic Society (past president; Pathological Society of Philadelphia. American Association of Obstetricians. Gynecologists, and Abdominal Surgeons. Societe Des Chirurgiens de Poris. Phi Chi. Author of "Text 8ook of Surgery." 1928: Co-author "Prophylaxis." Vol. V. Cohen's System of Physiologic Therapeutics, 1903; "Preventive Medicine" (prize essay). 1902; and of numberless reprints and articles of surgical subjects and coses. Designer of numerous surgical instruments. 1933 Forty-six BABCOCK SURGICAL WARDThe Skull JOHN A. KOLMER M.S.. M.D.. DR.P.HDSC., LL.D: Professor of Medicino Born in Lonaconing. Maryland. April 24. 1886. M.S.. Villanova. 1917; Or.P.H . University of Pennsylvania. 1914; M.D.. University of Pennsylvania. I9C3, D.Sc.. Villanova College. 1926; LL.D.. Villanova College. 1928. Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology in the Graduate School of Medicine. University of Pennsylvania. 19(9—-7-; Head of the Department of Pathology and Bacteriology in the Research Institute Cutaneous Medicine. 1922------; Assistant Professor of Experimental Pa- thology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. 1915-1919; Pathologist to Philadelphia Hospital for Contagious Diseoses. 1910-1915; Assistant Bacteriologist. Bureau of Health. 1910-12; Pothologist and Director of Laboratories .Graduate Hospital, Philadelphia. 1919 ----; Consulting Pathologist to Jeannes, Memorial. S'.. Agnes. St. Vincent's. Misericordia Hospitals. Philadelphia. Pa. Author of: "Infection, Immunity and Biologic Therapy": "Chemotherapy with Special Reference to the Treatment of Syphilis"; "Serum Diagnosis by Complement Fixation"; Co-Author with Bcerner on "Laboratory Diagnostic Methods"; Co-Author with Schamberg on the "Acute Infectious Diseases"; Co-Author with Boer ner and Garber on "Approved Laboratory Methods"; Author of a number of papers on research work in Immunology, Bacteriology and Chemotherapy. 1933 MEN'S MEDICAL WARD Forty-sevenThe SkUll PEDIATRIC CLINIC Forty-eight RALPH M. TYSON M.D. Protestor of Pediatrics Corn Montgomery. Pa., May. 1888. Graduated. Jefferson Medical College. 1915. Chief Resident Physician. Jefferson Hospital; Captain Medical Corps U. S. Army, two years: Associate in Pediatrics, Jefferson Medical College. 1919-1932: Pediatrician to the Pennsylvania Hospital; Consulting Pediatrician to the Shriner's Hospital for Crippled Children. Member of the American Academy of Pediatrics; American Medical Association; Association of American Teachers of Diseases of Children (Former President); Philadelphia Pediotric Society (Former President); Philadelphia County Medical Society; College of Physi-cions; Pennsylvania State Medical Society. Member of Alpho Kappa Kappa Medical Fraternity; Alpha Omega Alpha Honorary Fraternity; Sigma Alpha Epsilon Literary Fraternity. 1933The Skull WILLIAM A. STEEL 8.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.S- Professor of Principle! of Surgery Born in Camden. N. J., 1874. KM B.S., University of Pennsylvania, of Pennsylvania, 1899. I89S; M.D., University Assistant Instructor in Mammalian Anatomy; Human Osteology ond Humon Anatomy; School of Biology University of Pennsylvonio. I89S-I899. Past House Surgeon. St. Mary's Hospital, Philadelphia. Fellow of The American College of Surgeons; Philadelphia Medical Association; Pennsylvania State Medical Association. Booklets on Fractures ond Dislocation; Surgicol Technique; Anesthesia; Minor Surgery. Many articles on Surgical subjects. SURGICAL DISPENSARY Forty-nine 1933"The Skull DELIVERY ROOM JESSE O. ARNOLD M.D., F.A.C.S Professor of Obstetrics Born in Fayette County. Pa.. December 28. 1868. M.D.. Jefferson Medical College. 1896. Assistant in Surgical and Neurological Departments. Jefferson Medical College. I896-I9C4; Department of Obstetrics. Temple University School of Medicine since 1904; Obstetrician to Northwestern General Hospital. 1921 to 1924; P. G. work in Vienna and Edinburgh. Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. American Medical Association. Philadelphia County Medical Association, Obstetrical Society of Philadelphia, etc. Author of numerous obstetrical pamphlets and articles; of an "Outline of Obstetrics"; of "Obstctricol Booklet” for Temple University Hospital and Medical School. 1933nripl.XUJ- Fifty-one The Skull NATHANIEL W. WINKELMAN M.D. Professor of Nourology Born in Philadelphia. Pa., October 28. 1891. M.D., University of Pennsylvania. 1914. Deportment of Neuropathology. University of Pennsylvania Graduate School. 1920-1927; Professor Neuropathology. University of Pennsylvania Graduate School. 927-----; Neurologist to Mf. Sinai Hospital; Consul- tant Neurologist to Norristown State Hospital. Member of American Neurologic Association. Philadelphia Neurologic Society (former President); Philadelphia Pathologic Association. American Psychiatric Association. Philadelphia Psychiatric Association, American Medical Association, etc. Patron and Honorary President of the Winkelman Neurological Society, Temple University; President of Staff. Tcmoic University Hospital. Author of numerous publications on neurology and neuro-pothology. NEUROLOGICAL DISPENSARY 1933 The Skull CHEVALIER JACKSON M.D.. SC.O., Ll.D.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy Born in Pittsburgh. Pa., November 4, 1865. Former Professor of Laryngology, University of Pittsburgh 1712-1916: Jefferson Medical College. I9i6-I924; Professor of Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy. Jefferson Medical College, 1924-1930; Graduate School of Medicine. University of Pennsylvania. 1924-1930; Temple University Medicol School. 1930-----. Member of the Medical Advisory Board in America; the American Hospital of Paris; American Larynogological Association; the loryngological, Rhinological. and Oto-logical Society; The American Academy of Ophthalmology and Oto-Laryngology; The American 8roncho-scopic Society; The American Philosophical Society; The Pittsburgh Academy of Medicine; The Philadelphia College of Physicians; and the Philadelphia Laryngo-logical Society. Fellow of the American College of Surgeons (Founder member). Honorary member of the New York Academy of Medicine, Scottish Society of Otology and Laryngology; Member correspondent dc la Socictc dc Laryngologie dcs Hopitaux de Paris; Membrc d'Honncur dc lo Socictc Beige d'Oto-Rhino-Laryngologie; Membre d'Honncur dc lo Socictatea Romana de Oto-Rhino-Laringologie. Officicr dc 'o Legion d'Honncur; Chevalier de I'Ordre de Leopold: recipient of the Henry Jacob 8igclow Medal of the 8oston Surgical Society. 1928; and of the Crcsson Medal of the Franklin Institute, 1929. Member of the Sigma Xi and Alpha Omega Alpha honorary fraternities and the Alpha Kappa Kappa Fraternity. THE BRONCHOSCOPIC AND OESOPHAGOSCOPIC CLINIC Fifty-two 1933GYNECOLOGIC DISPENSARY Fifty-three ITFe Skull FRANK CLINCH HAMMOND M.D.. SC.D., F.A.C.S. Honorary Doan and Professor of Gynecology Born in Augusta, Georgia, March 7, 1875. M.D.. Jefferson Medical College, 1895; F.A.C.S., American College of Surgeons. 1915; Sc.D., (Honorary) Temple University. 1930. Formerly connected with Jefferson Medical Coliege, Department of Gynecology: Jefferson Hospital. Department of Gynecology; Former Dean, Temple University Mcdicol School. Present Visiting Gynecologist and Obstetrician, Philadelphia General Hospital; Visiting Gynecologist, Philadelphia Hospital for Contagious Diseases; Consulting Gynecologist. Newcomb Hospital. Vineland, N. J., and Delaware County (Penna.) Hospital. Medical Societies; Philadelphia County Medical Society (E»-President). Medical Society State of Pennsylvania: American Mcdicol Association; Obstetrical Society of Philadelphia Clinical Association (Et-President); Medico Legal Society of Philadelphia. Medical Club of Philadelphia (President); Physician's Motor Club; Fellow of American College of Surgeons. Editor of Pennsylvania Mcdicol Journol and author of many scientific articles in current medical literature. sCCUUSh 1933 The Skull ROBERT F. RIDPATH M.D.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Rhino-Laryngology Born in Jenkintown, Pa., April 3. 1878. M.D., Medico-Chirurgical College. 1898. Associate Professor of Rhino-Laryngoiogy at Post-Graduate School, University of Pennsylvania; Associate Professor of Rhino-Larynogology at Medico-Chi College: Chief of Rhino-Larynology and Otology at Jewish Hos-pital, Temple University Hospital, St. Agnes Hospital, and Medico-Chi Hospital. Consultant Rhino-Laryngologist to Skin and Cancer Hospital, Lucien Moss Home, etc. Member of American Medical Association; Pennsylvania Medical Society, Fellow of College of Physicions; Member and past president ot the Philadelphia Laryngo-logical Society; Philodolphia County Medicol Society; Fellow of the American Laryngological Society and the American Laryngo-Rhino-Otological Society; Fellow and past vice-president of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Oto-Laryngology; American College of Surgeons; Major in Medical Corps in World War; Associate of 8oard of Oto-Laryngoiogy, etc. Author of numerous publications, pamphlets and papers dealing with Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. RHINO-LARYNGOLOGICAL DISPENSARY Fifty-four 1933The Skull W. EDWARD CHAMBERLAIN 8.S., M.D. Professor of Radiology Born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, August 5, 1892. B.S.. University of California, 1913; M.D.. University of California, 1916. Former instructor in Roentgenology at University of California Medical School, 1916-1917 and 1919-1920; Assistant Professor of Medicine, 1920-1923. Associate Professor of Medicine, 1923-1926; Professor of Medicine. 1926-1930; Stanford University Medical School; Visiting Roentgenologist to the French Hospital, San Francisco, 1916 1917; Roentgenologist-in-Chicf, at Marc Island. Naval Hospital. Californio. 1917; Roentgenologist-in-charge. G. S. Navy Base Hospital No. 2. Strathpeffer, Scotlond. 1918; Visiting Roentgenologist to the Children's Hospital, Hahnemann Hospital and St. Mary's Hospital. San Francisco. 1919-1920; Radiologist-in-Chief-Stonford University Hospital and Consultant to San Francisco Hospital. 1920-1930. Member of San Francisco County Medical Society. California Medical Association; American Medical Association. California Academy of Medicine. American Roentgen Ray Society. Radiological Society of North America (Past Vice-President), American College of Radiology (Chancellor), Alpha Kappa Kappa. Author of numerous articles in current medical literature on a variety of medical and radiological subjects. ROENTGENOLOGICAL DEPARTMENT Fifty-five 1933 The Skull MATTHEW S. ERSNER M.O.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Otology Born in Russia. July 23. I8"90. M.D., Temple University Medical School. 1912. Associate Professor in Otology at the Graduate School of Medicine University of Pennsylvania: Otologist at the Graduate Hospital; Oto-Laryngologist at the Mf. Sinai Hospital; Oto-Laryngologist at the Northwestern General Hospital; Consultant Oto-Loryngologist to the Jewish Maternity Hospital, Jewish Sheltering Home, Downtown Jewish Orphans Home. Uptown Home for the Aged and the Juvenile Aid Society. Fellow of the Amcricon College of Surgeons, Fellow of the American 8oerd of Oto-Laryngology; Member of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and Oto-Laryngology, American Otological, Rhinological and Laryngoiogical Society. Inc.; American Medical Association; Pennsylvania State Medical Society; Philadelphia County Medical Society and American Mcdica Author’s Association; Phi Delta Epsilon, Alpha Omega (Honorary) Fraternity. Author of numerous papers and publications concerning Oto-Rhino-Laryngoiogical subjects. OTOLOGICAL DISPENSARY Fifty-six 1933NEURO-SURGERY CLINIC Fifty -seven "The Skull TEMPLE FAY 8.S.. M.D F.A.C.S. Professor of Neurosurgery Born in Seattle. Washington, January 9, 1895. B.S., University of Washington, 1917; M.O., University of Pennsylvania, 1921. Instructor in Neurology, University of Pennsylvania, 1923-1925; Instructor in Neuropathology, University of Pennsylvania. 1925-1926; Instructor in Surgery. University of Pennsylvania, 1924-1927; Associate in Neurology. University of Pennsylvania. 1925-1929; Associate in Neurology, Graduate School of Medicine. University of Pennsylvania. 1924-1929. Neurosurgeon to Episcopal, Jewish, Philadelphia General. Orthopedic and Temple University Hospitals of Philadelphia; Director of D. J. McCarthy Foundation for Investigation of Nervous ond Mental Diseases. Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. American Neurological Association, Philadelphia Neurological Association. Philadelphia Psychiatric Society. A. M. A., A. O. A.. Sigma Xi, Diplomat National Board of Medical Examiners, etc. 1933The Skull ORTHOPEDIC DISPENSARY Flfty-eighf JOHN ROYAL MOORE A.B.. M.O. Proftttor of Orthopedic Surgery Boro, in Nevada, December 25, 1899. A.6.. University of California. 1921; M.D.. University of California. 1923. Former Associate in Arthopedic Surgery. University of California Medicol School. 1926-1927; Former Resident in Orthopedic Surgery. San Francisco Shrine Hospital, 1925-1927; Former Resident in Orthopedic Surgery, Piedmont Hospital, Atlanta. Go.. 1927 1928; Surgeon Chief, Shriner's Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa.. 1928-; Associate in Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School, University of Pennsylvania; Orthopedic Surgeon Chief. Philadelphia General Hospital. Forum Interstate Orthopedic Club; Philadelphia County Medical Society; Pennsylvania State Medical Society; American State Medical Association; Diplomat. National Board; Phi Chi Medicol Fraternity. 1933The Skull W. HERSEY THOMAS A.B.. M.O.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Genito-Urinary Surgery Born August 9, 1873. A.B., University of Pennsylvania. 1890; M.D.. University of Pennsylvania. 1894. Formerly Assistant Professor of Surgery, Medico-Chirurgi-cal College. 1908-1916; Assistant Surgeon to Medico-Chirurgical Hospital. 1903-1916; and to Philadelphia Goncral Hospital. I90S 1916. Present Chief of the Genito-Urinary Service a» the Temple University Hospital and Chief of the Department o Urology at the Philadelphia General Hospital- Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, Member of American Urological Association. Philadelphia Academy of Surgery. Philadelphia Urological Society. Philadelphia Pathological Society, etc. Translotions from the German of Sobotto's "Atlas ond Text Book of Human Anatomy." Schultie's "Atlas of Topographic and Applied Anatomy." Schaeffer's Hand Atlas of Gynecology," Sultan's "Hand Atlas of Ab-dominol Hernias." Sahli's "Mcdicol Diagnosis" ond many articles in Nothnagcl's "Practice of Medicine." CYSTOSCOPIC ROOM Fifty-nine 1933 The SkuUl CARROLL S. WRIGHT B.S.. M.O. Professor of Dermatology and Syphilotegy 8orn in Freeport. Michigan. 1895. B.S.. University of Michigan. 1917; M.O., University of Michigan, 1919. Associate Professor of Dermatology and Svphiiology, the Graduate School, the University of Pennsylvania; Associate Dcrmotologist to the Radiologic Staff, the Philadelphia General Hospital; Associate Dermatologis--, Municipal Hospital; Consulting Dermatologist, V idcner Home for Crippled Children. Member. American Medical Association; College of Physicians of Philadelphia; American Dermatologic Society; Nu Sigma Nu. Medical Fraternity. Articles on Porokeratosis. Medicinal Eruptions. Congenital Syphilis, 8ismuth. Lupus Erythematosus, Physical Therapy in Dermatology. Pruritus ond Numerous Others. DERMATOLOGICAL DISPENSARY Sixty 1933The Skull •MAX H. BOCHROCH M.D. Professor of Psychiatry 8orn in Wilmington, Delaware, March 7, 1861. M.O.. Jefferson Medical College. 1880. Chief of Out-Patient Nervous Deportment. Jefferson Medical College Hospital; Demonstrator of Neurology and Lecturer on Electro-Therapeutics. Jefferson Medical Collcoe; Neurologist to Jewish. St. Joseph's, and Franktord Hospitals. Visiting Physician to the Psychiatric Department of the Philadelphia General Hospital Fellow of the College of Physicians. Member of the Philadelphia Neurological Society; American Medical Association; Philadelphia County Medical Society, etc. ‘Deceased. PSYCHIATRY CLINIC Sixty-one 1933Fhe Skull FRANK H. KRUSEN M.D. Associate Doan; Associate in Medicine; Director Physical Therapy Department Born in Philadelphia. Pa., June 26, 1898. M.D.. Jefferson Medical College. 1921. Former Clinical Assistant in Surgery at Jefferson Medical College; Former Assistant Surgeon American Oncologic Hospital; Former Assistant Physician at Jewish Hospital; Associate in Medicine Temple University Medical School; Director of Department of Physical Therapeutics. Member oi American Medical Association; Philadelphia County Medical Society; Philadelphia Pathological Society; Pennsylvania State Medical Society (alternate delegate); American Academy of Physical Therapy; American Congress of Physical Therapy; Pennsylvania Physical Therapy Association. (Vice-President); Associate Editor Pennsylvania Medical Journal. Author of many publications and papers dealing with the various phases of Physicol Therapeutics. Author of Text on Light Therapy—Hoeber. Director of Department of Physicol Therapy at the Jewish Hospital. Consultant in Physical Therapy to the Norristown State Hospital. Chairman, Committee on Physical Therapy. Member Philadelphia County Medical Society. ' rzrs x PHYSICAL THERAPY DISPENSARY Sixiy-lwo 1933The Skull JOHN BYERS ROXBY M.D. Professor of Anatomy Born in Shenandoah, Pa., May 18. 1871. M.O.. Medico-Chirurgical College, 1896. Demonstrator of Anatomy. 1897-1899; Chief Demonstrator of Anatomy. 1889-1902; Medico-Chirurgical College; Professor of Anatomy. Temple University. 1903-1912; Lecturer on the Anatomy of the Central Nervous System. Women's Medical College. 1903-190‘S; Professor of Anatomy. Philadelphia Dental School. I90S-I9I2; Re appointed Professor of Anatomy. Temple University Medical School in 1925. Member of Delaware County Medical Society (First Vice-President. 1921; President. 1922), Pennsylvania State Medical Society. Fellow of the A. M. A . Philadelphia Medical Club; American Association of University Professors. Author of many papers on a variety of Anatomical Subjects. Sixty-three 1933 ANATOMY LABORATORYThe Skull J. GARRETT HICKEY O.O.S., M.O. Professor of Physiology Born in Auburn. N. Y., July 10. 1875. O.D.S.. University of Pennsylvania. 1899; M.D.. Univer-sify of Pennsylvania. 1911. Formerly Assistant in Physiology. University of Pcnnsyl-vania School of Dentistry and Veterinary. 1900-1906: Instructor in Physiology, School of Medicine, 1906-1919; Professor of Physiology. Temple University School of Medicine. 1921—. Member of Philadelphia County Medico' Society; American Association of University Professors. Author of many papers on o variety of Physiological subjects and Experimental Physiology. 1933PATHOLOGICAL LABORATORY AND MUSEUM Sixty-five "The Skull JOHN |. FANZ M.D. Professor of Pathology, Bacteriology, and Hygiene Born in Philadelphia, Pa.. February I. 1891. M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1912. Former demonstrator in Biology, Jefferson Medical College. 1918-1921; former demonstrator in Physiology. 1914-1917; Bacteriology. 1913-1916; Curator of Museum. 1918-1921. at Jefferson Medical College; former pathologist to St. Agnes Hospital. Philadelphia. 1918-192); present visiting pathologist Philadelphia General Hospital. Member of American Medical Association; Philadelphia County Medical Society; Pathological Society of Philadelphia; American Association of University Professors. Author of many papers on a variety of bacteriological and pathological subjects. 1933[he Skull MELVIN A. SAYLOR M.D. Professor of Physiological Chemistry 8orn in Quakortown, Pa., May 6. 1874. B.S., Drexel Institute, 1906. M.O.. Jefferson Medico! College, 1915. Instructor in Chemistry at Orexc Institute. 1906-1911; Instructor in Chemistry. Deportment of Domestic Science, Drexel Institute. 1908-1911; Lecturer in Physiological Chemistry at Drexel Institute, 1915-1919; Demonstrator in Chemistry. 1906-1911, Associate in Chemistry. 1911-1916. Associate Professor in Chemistry. 1916-1922; American Chcmica; Society, etc.; American Association of University Professors. Member of Alpha Omega Alpha; Philadelphia American Chemical Society, etc,; American Association of University Professors. Member of Philadelphia Section of Chemical Society. Association for Advancement of Science. THE CHEMISTRY LABORATORY Sixty-six 1933Fhe Skull ALFRED ERWIN LIVINGSTON M.S., PH.D. Born In Frost. Ohio, December 6. 1883. 8.S., Ohio University, 1910; M.S., Ohio University. 1911; Ph.O.. Cornell University, 1914. Engaged in teaching and research in Ohio University. (Biology Department). 1909-1911; Cornell Mcdicol School (Physiology). I9IM9I4; U. S. Department of Agriculture (Pharmacology), 1914.1916; University of Illinois Medical School (Physiology). 1916-1918; U. S. Public Health Service. 1918-1921; University of Pennsylvania Medical School (Pharmacology). 1921 1929. Professor of Pharmacology. Temple University Medical School, 1929. Member of American Physiological Society, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, The American Association for the Advancement of Science, Sigma Xi; Phi Beta Kappa. Included in "American Men of Science." Author of many publications and papers dealing with pharmacology and experimental therapeutics. THE PHARMACOLOGY LABORATORY Sixty-seven 1933The Skull WILLIAM C. PRITCHARD M.D. Professor of Histology and Embryology Born in Wilmington, Delaware, November 7, 1881. M.D., Jefferson Medical College, 1906. Demonstrator of Histology ond Embryology. Jefferson Medical College. 1906-1918; Demonstrator of Anatomy, 1907-1910; Associate in Histology and Embryology. Jefferson Medical College, 1918-1929. American Medical Association, Philadelphia County Medical Association, West Philadelphia Medcal Society Physicians' Motor Club, Medical Club of Philadelphia. THE HISTOLOGY AND EMBRYOLOGY LABORATORY Sixty-eight 1933WILLIAM N. PARKINSON B.S., M.D.. M.S.C. (MED.). F.A.C.S.. LL.D. Dean and Profossor of Clinical Surgory Born in Philadelphia, Pa., September 17. 1886. B.S.. Villanova College; M.D.. Temple University Mcdica1 School 1911; M.Sc. (Med.) University of Pennsylvania 1923. Formerly Assistant Surgeon, Joseph Price Hospital. Philadelphia 1912-1917; Assistant Surgeon Philadelphia Dispensary, 1912-1917; Surgeon, Montgomery Hospital, Norristown, Pa.. 1921-1924; Surgeon. Flagler Hospital. St. Augustine. Florida. 1925-1928: Chief Suroeon. Florida East Coast Railway and Hospital, St. Augustin , Florida 1925-1929. Associate Dean. Temple University Medical School. 1922-1925, Surgeon. Field Hospital. Co. III. 28th Division. 1916-1918. Member of Philadelphia County Medical Society. Pennsylvania State Medical Society, A. M. A.. Fellow of the American College of Surgeons. Sixty-nine The Skull JAMES CONNOR ATTIX 8.S.. M.D., D.D.S., M.S.. P.D. Professor of Toxicology Born in Dover, Dclowarc, February 28. 1870. B.S.; Lafayette College. 1895; M. S. Lafayette College. 1896; D.D.S.; Medico-Chi. 1901; M.D.. Medico-Chi. |90 ; P.D.. Temple University, 1912. Electro - therapeutist at Medico • Chirurgical College; Chemist. Bacteriologist, Pathologist. National Stomach Hospital; Assistant in Chemistry. Pennsylvania State College; Assistant in Chemistry and Dental Metallurgy, Medico-Chirurgical College. Philadelphia Chemical Society, Philadelphia County Medical Society, etc. Author of "Handbook of Chemistry." 1933Ihe Skull VICTOR ROBINSON ph.G; ph.C: m.d. Profossor of History of Modicine Born in New York City. August 16. 1886. Ph.G.. New York University, 1910: Ph.C., University O' Chicago. 1911; M.D., New York University. 1917. Founder and Editor of Medical Life, 1920. the onl monthly journal in the English language devoted »c Medical history. Founder and Director of the Amen can Society of Medical History. Official delegate tc i Con 3fc« of the History of Medicint at Leyden. Amsterdam 1927. Prinapol writings include: (I) Essay on Hashish. 1912 Oui.’ote of p udc,s ,n Medicine. 1912-1929; (3) Do. tro 1919 (S rV ,9,’: (4) Pi nc °f Birth Con A Jacob-i. (?928f?7 °fThJi‘C b « Life ol • v'l ihe Story of Medicine, in press HARRY Z. HIBSHMAN M.D.. F.A.C.S., F.A.P.S. Clinical Professor of Proctology Born in Trcmont. Pa.. June II, 1879. Keystone Teachers' College. M.D.. Medico Chi. 1908: Assistant in Proctology at Terr pie University. 1908; Clinical Professor of Proctology. 1922. Member of American Medical Association; Pennsylvania State Medical Society; County Medical Society: Phi Rho S.gma Fraternity. Author of numerous articles on Pedology. Seventy 1933Seventy0"® 1933 BENJAMIN GRUSKIN M.O. Director of Oncology end E p«rimonfal Pathology 8orn in Vilno, Lithuania, 1882. M.D., Valparaiso. 1911. Formerly Associate Professor of Patholo9y. Loyola 0« vcrsity. kenau Chicago: Hospital. Philadelphia. Formerly Immunologist Lan the rinigijv K"lu Member of the A.M.A.; Philadelphia County Medical Society: Philadelphia Pathological Society; Chicago Pathologicol Society: Americon Chemical Society. "• Gruskin Test for Malignancy. Publisheo Suaar and Urea in the Blood. Journal Originator of the Gruskin Test for Malignancy. Published 1929; Tests for Sugor and Urea in the Blood. Journal of Laboratory and Clinical Medicine. 1926; Studies in Hemolysis in Relation to Various Oiseoses. the Medical Review, 1924: Test for Spinal Fluid Differentiating Meningitis. Paresis, and Tabes. American Journal Clinical Pathology. 1931; In Publication, an Intradermal (ap tnf MAlianAnCv. Ihe Skull d. J. McCarthy A.B., M.O., F.A.C.P. Director of Neurological Research Born in Philadelphia. Pa.. 1874. A.D.. M.O., University of Pennsylvania. 1895. Formerly Professor of Medical Jurisprudence. Women's Medical College and University of Pennsylvania Medical School. Neurologist to the Philadelphia General Hospital. St. Agnes Hospital ond the Henry Phipps Institute. Consultant Neurologist to Norristown State Hospital. Former Neurologist to Phocnixvllle Hospital, St. Christopher and Kensington Tuberculosis Hospitals. Member of College of Physicians; American College of Physicians. American Neurological Society. Philadelphia Neurological Society, Americon Psychiatric Society. Philadelphia Psychiotric Society, the Association for ♦ he Study of Internol Secretions. County Medical Society. etc. Author of "The German Prisoner of War." Colonel in ♦he World War; Member of Council of U.S. Veterans' Bureau. Washington. 0. C.; One of Original Organizers of "Tuberculosis Movement" in this country and on originol member of the Henry Phipps Institute Staff. Probably did the first and most important studies in Neurology in connection with Tuberculosis.Ihe SkUTl MONA SPIEGEL-ADOLF M.D. Professor of Colloid Chemistry Born in Vienne, Austria. February 23. 1893. M.D., Vienna University, 1918. Docent of the Medical Faculty. Vienna. 1930; Institute for Medical Colloid Chemistry. University of Vienna 1919-1930. Member. Gcsellschaf der Aerzfe. Vienna; Deutsche Kolloid Chemische Gescllschaft; Biologische Gescllschaft. Microbioloq. Gesellsch. Vienna: Physiological Society. Philadelphia. Author of about 50 papers on colloid chemistry, particularly of proteins. Seventy-two ERNST SPIEGEL M.D. Professor of Experimental and Applied Neurology Born in Vienna. .Austria, July 24. 1895. M.D.. Vienna University, 1918. Docent of the Medical Faculty. Vienna. 1924.1930; Neurological Institute ond Policlinic. Vienna. Neurological Department. 1918-1930. Member. Gescllschaft der Aerrtc. Vienna. Gescllschaft Deutscher Nervenaente (Germony); Biolog. Gesellsch., Psychiair. Neurol. Vexcin. Vienna; Neurolog. Society. Philadelphia. Physiolog. Soc. Phiia., Harvey Cushing Society. Author of “Tonus der S clett■Muslculafur,■ "Zenfren Oes Autonomcn Ncruensysfem." 1928; "ExperimenTelle Neurologie." 1928: Oto-Ophthalmo-Neufologie (1932. wifh T. Sommer) and of about 120 papers on physiology, pathology and clinic of the nervous System. 1933The Skull 1933 ALLAN G. BECKLEY, M.D., F.A.C.P. Clinical Professor of Medicine JOHN O. BOWER. Ph.G.. M.D. F.A.C.S. Clinical Profossor of Surgical Research A. J. COHEN, M.D. Clinical Professor of Medicine Seventy-three SAMUEL GOLDBERG Clinical Professor of PediatricsIhe Skull W. EMORY BURNETT. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Lecturer in Surgery EDWARD WEISS. M.D.. F.A.C.P. Clinical Professor of Medicine Seventy-four 1933he Skull Surgery W. WAYNE BABCOCK A.M., M.D., LL.O.. F.A.C.S.. Professor of Surgery and Clinical Surgery WILLIAM A. STEEL, B.S., M.D.. F.A.C.S................... . Professor of Principles of Surgery WILLIAM N. PARKINSON. B.S., M.D., M.Sc (Med.), Ll.D.. F.A.C.S.. Professor of Clinical Surgery JOHN LEEDOM, M.D. Associate Professor of Surgery G. MASON ASTLEY. M.D......................................... Associate Professor of Surgery JOHN P. EMICH. M.D.....................................................Associate Professor of Surgery JOHN HOWARD FRiCK, M.D.. F.A.C.S...................................... Associate Professor in Surgery GIACCHINO P. GIAMBALVO. M.D........................................ ... Associate in Surgery J. NORMAN COOMBS, M.D.. F.A.C.S....................................Lecturer in Surgery WORTH B. FORMAN. M.D.....................................................Lecturer in Surgery W. EMORY BURNETT, A.B., M.D., F.A.C.S..............................Lecturer in Surgery DANIEL J. KENNEDY. M.D. ................................... Demonstrator in Surgery LOUIS KIMMELMAN. M.D................................................... Instructor in Surgery LEON O. DAVIS. M.D.................................................... Instructor in Surgery ALBERT F. MOXEY. M.D............. ...........................Instructor in Junior Surgery JOSEPH N. GROSSMAN. M.D. .............................................. Instructor in Surgery R. D. MacKINNON. M.D................................................. Instructor in Surgery GRIFFITH J. RATCLIFFS. M.D............................................ Instructor in Surgery HUGH HAYFORD. M.D. ............................................Clinical Assistant in Surgery MARTIN H. GOLD. M.D......................................... Clinical Assistant in Surgery HARRY HERMAN. M.D............................................ Clinical Assistant in Surgery S. A. BRODY. M.D.............................................Assistant in Operative Surgery F. L. ZABOROWSK1. M.D......................................... Clinical Assistant in Surgery W. BENSON HARER, M.D....................................................Clinical Assistant in Surgery EUGENE T. FOY. M.D.....................................................Clinics.’ Assistant in Surgery M. H. GENKIN, M.D.....................................................Clinical Assistant in Surgery L. VINCENT HAYES, M.D........................................ Clinical Assistant in Surgery GERALD H. PRATT. M.D....................................................Clinical Assistant in Surgery Medicine JOHN A. KpLMER, M S.. M.D., Ph.D.. D.Sc., LL.D., F.A.C.P..............Professor of Medicine VICTOR ROBINSON. M.D. . Professor of History of Medicine ABRAHAM J. COHEN. M.D..................................... Clinical Professor of Medicine ALLEN G. BECKLEY, M.D., F.A.C.P. .........................Clinical Professor of Medicine JOSEPH C. DOANE. M.D., F.A.C.P.......................... Clinical Professor of Medicine EDWARD WEISS. M.D., F.A.C.P.............................. Clinical Professor of Medicine SAMUEL A. SAVITZ. M.D. ................................. Associate Professor of Medicine MICHAEL G. WOHL. M.D. ............................ . .Associate Professor of Medicine JAMES KAY. M.D........................................... Associate Professor of Medicine FRANK W. KONZELMANN, M.D. ..................... Associate Professor of Clinical Pathology JOSEPH B. WOLFFE, M.D.....................................Associate Professor of Medicine WILLIAM A. SWALM. M.D.....................................Associate Professor of Medicine HUGO ROESLER, M.D. . .................................. Associate Professor of Medicine Seventy-five 1933Ihe SkUll G. MORTON ILLMAN, M.D................................Associate Professor of Medicine EDWARD A. STElNFIELD. M.D.............................Assistant Professor of Medicine NATHAN BLUM8ERG. M.D................................. Assistant Professor of Medicine HENRY C. GROFF, M.D.............................................Associate in Medicine LOUIS COHEN, M.D............................................. Associate in Medicine FRANK H. KRUSEN. M.D., Associate in Medicine and Director of the Department of Physical Medicine ELLIS B. HORWITZ, M.D.............................................Associate in Medicine DANIEL J. DONNELLY. M.D...........................................Associate in Medicine LOUIS TUFT. M.D...................................................Associate in Medicine HENRY I. TUMEN, A.B., M.D..................... .. .............Associate in Medicine ROY L. LANGDON. M.D...............................................Associate in Medicine REUBEN DAVIS, M.D......................... ....................... Associate in Medicine LEROY J. WENGER. M.D.................................... . .......Associate in Medicine JOSEPH FLElTAS, M.D.................. ............ ......... .....Associate in Medicine MAURICE S. JAC08S. M.D............... ............................Associate in Medicine FRANK C. HAMMOND, M.D.. D.Sc.. F.A.C.S. ... EDWIN H. MclLVAIN. M.D.................. JOSEPH G. WEINER. M.D. ................. ENOCH G. KLIMAS. M.D.................... MAX B. WALKOW. B.S.. M.D................ ROBERT F. STERNER. B.S.. M.D............ SAVERE F. MADONNA. M.D.................. RALP A. KLEMM, M.D...................... w. Gordon McDaniel, b.s., m.d........... MAX SCHUMANN. M.D....................... WILLIAM L. LONG, B.S.. M.D.............. SYDNEY HARBERG. M.D..................... VICTOR SHERMAN. Ph.G., B.S.. M.D........ CHARLES-FRANCIS LONG. B.A., M.D......... WASHINGTON MERSCHER. M.D................ MORRIS KLEINBART, M.D................... EUGENE M. SCHLOSS. M.D.................. MYER SOMERS. M.D........................ MERLE M. MILLER. B.S.. M.D.............. EDWARD G. TORRANCE. B.S.. M.D........... GEORGE ISAAC BLUMSTEIN. M.D............. WENDELL E. BOYER. B.S.. M.D............... MARY H. EASBY. B.A.. M.D................ J. PAUL AUSTIN. M.D..................... WILLIAM ROBERT STECHER. M.D............. JOHN M. ADAMS. M.D...................... ARTHUR Q. PENTA, M.D..................... DAVID L. SUITER. M.D............. ...... EMANUEL M. WEINBERGER. M.D.............. NATHANIEL HURWITZ. B.S., M.D............ MARTIN D. KUSHNER. M.D.................. MILFORD J. HUFFNAGLE. A.B.. M.D......... VICTOR ANDRE DIGILIO. B.S.. M.D......... DAVID STEUART. M.D...................... S. LAWRENCE WOODHOUSE. JR.. A.B.. M.D. .. ..........Lecturer on Medical Ethics . Lecturer on Medical Jurisprudence ............Demonstrator in Medicine ..............Instructor in Medicine . ........ .Instructor in Medicine ........... .Instructor in Medicine .... . . Instructor in Medicine . ............Instructor in Medicine ..............Instructor in Medicine ...............Instructor in Medicine ..............Instructor in Medicine ...............Instructor in Medicine ..............Instructor in Medicino ...............Instructor in Medicine ...............Instructor in Medicine ... . Instructor in Medicine ..............Instructor in Medicine ........................Instructor in Medicine ...............Instructor in Medicine ......... .... Instructor in Medicine ............Instructor in Medicine ............ Instructor in Medicine ............Instructor in Medicine ..............Instructor in Medicine ..............Instructor in Medicine .......Instructor in Medicine ........... Instructor in Medicine .....Clinical Assistant in Medicine .....Clinical Assistant in Medicine . .Clinical Assistant in Medicine ... .Clinical Assistant in Medicine .....Clinical Assistant in Medicine . .Clinical Assistant in Medicine .....Clinical Assistant in Medicine . . .Clinical Assistant in Medicine Seventy-six 1933The Skull JOHN B. ROXBY, M.D....... CLINTON S. HERMAN. M.D. FRANK E. BOSTON. M.D. .. JOSEPH C. DONNELLY. M.D. MOE B. MARKUS. D.D.S. JACOB GLAUSER, M.D....... FRANK GLAUSER. M.D. ... JOSEPH D. LIMQUICO. M.D. ISADORE KATZ. M.D....... A. E. SIEGAL. M.D...... A. A. EUSTER. M.D........ Anatomy .........Professor of Anatomy. Histology. Embryology .............................Demonstrator of Anatomy .............................Demonstrator of Anatomy .............................Demonstrator of Anatomy .. Demonstrator of the Anatomy of the Mouth and Jaws ............................... Assistant in Anatomy ................................Assistant in Anatomy .............................. Assistant in Anatomy ............................... Assistant in Anatomy ................................Assistant in Anatomy ................................Assistant in Anatomy Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy CHEVALIER JACKSON. M.D.. LL.D.. F.A.C.S.. Professor of Clinical Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy CHEVALIER L. JACKSON. A.B.. M.D.....Professor of Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy EMILY VANLOON. M.D.. F.A.C.S., Associate Professor of Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy Chemistry and Toxicology MELVIN A. SAYLOR. B.S.. M.D................. . Professor of Physiological Chemistry JAMES C. ATTIX. M.S.. D.D.S., M.D., P.D. .... . . ... .... . Professor of Toxicology EARL A. SHRADER. B.Sc., M.S.. Ch.E........Associate Professor of Physiological Chemistry Dermatology and Syphilology CARROLL S. WRIGHT. M.D................. Professor of Dermatology and Syphilology JACQUES GUEQUIERRE. M.D................ Lecturer in Dermatology and Syphilology REUBEN FRIEDMAN. M.D............................... Instructor in Dermatology Genito-Urinary Surgery W. HERSEY THOMAS. A.B.. M.D.. F.A.C.S...............Professor of Genito-urinary Surgery HOWARD G. FRETZ. A.B.. M.D. ..............Associate Professor of Genito-urinary Surgery LORENZO L. MILLIKEN. M.D., M.Sc. (Med.). D.Sc. (Med.) Associate in Genito-urinary Surgery LOWRAIN E. McCREA, M.D. ............................Associate in Genito-urinary Surgery Gynecology FRANK C. HAMMOND. M.D.. D.Sc.. F.A.C.S.... ...... Professor of Gynecology HARRY A. DUNCAN, M.D.. F.A.C.S...............Associate Professor of Gynecology CHA$. SCOTT MILLER. M.D.. F.A.S.C. . Lecturer on Gynecology HAROLD L. 80TT0MLEY. M.D........................... Instructor in Gynecology ISADORE FORMAN, M.D.................................. Instructor in Gynecology JOSEPH H. SCHOENFELD. M.D........................... Instructor in Gynocology F. F. OSTERHOUT. MD......................... Clinical Assistant in Gynecology SAUL P. SAVITZ, M.D......................... Clinical Assistant in Gynecology Sevonty-seven 1933The Skull Histology and Embryology WILLIAM C. PRITCHARD. M.D. Professor of Histology and Embryology in the Department of Anatomy CHARLES L. DEARDORFF, M.D...................Associate in Histology and Embryology History of Medicine VICTOR ROBINSON. M.D.................... .. . .... Professor of History of Medicine Medical Ethics FRANK C. HAMMOND. M.D.. Sc.D.. F.A.C.S...............Lecturer on Medical Ethics Neurosurgery TEMPLE FAY. B.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.S..................... Professor of Neurosurgery NICHOLAS GOTTEN. M.D......... ... . .... ......Lecturor in Neurosurgery Laryngology and Rhinology ROBERT F. RIDPATH. M.D., F.A.C.S...........Professor of Laryngology and Rhinology T. CARROLL DAVIS. M.D. Associate Professor of Laryngology and Rhinology J. WESLEY ANDERS, M.D......................Associate in Laryngology and Rhinology CHARLES H. GRIMES. M.D. ...................Associate in Laryngology and Rhinology CHARLES Q. DeLUCA. M.D.......................Instructor in Laryngology and Rhinology SACKS BRICKER. M.D................... .....Instructor in Laryngology and Rhinology A. NEIL LEMON, M.D. ... .. ........Instructor in Laryngology and Rhinology J. VINCENT FARRELL. M.D............ Clinical Assistant in Laryngology and Rhinology R. PENN SMITH. M.D. ................Clinical Assistant in Laryngology end Rhinology GEORGE D. MULLIGAN. M. D.............Clinical Assistant in Laryngology and Rhinology SAMUEL S. RINGOLD. M.D. ............Clinical Assistant in Laryngology and Rhinology KERMAN SNYDER. M.D...................Clinical Assistant in Laryngology and Rhinology Neurology N. W. WINKELMAN. M.D......... ........... ......... . . Professor of Neurology EDWARD L. CLEMENS. A.B., M.D. ..................... . . .Associate in Neurology ALEXANDER SILVERSTEIN. M.D.................................Associate in Neurology MATTHEW T. MOORE. M.D. .............................. Demonstrator in Neurology DAVID NATHAN, M.D...................................... Demonstrator in Neurology PAUL SLOANE. A.B.. M.D........................... .. . Demonstrator in Neurology HERBERT J. DARMSTADTER. M.D. .. ... Instructor in Neurology RALPH L. DRAKE, A. B., M.D............................... Instructor in Neurology Obstetrics JESSE O. ARNOLD. M.D.. F.A.C.S. CHARLES S. BARNES. A. 8.. M.D. J. MARSH ALESBURY. M.D.......... GLENDON F. SHEPPARD. M.D........ .........Professor of Obstetrics Associate Prcfossor of Obstetrics Associate in Obstetrics ........ Instructor in Obstetrics Seventy-eight 1933The Skull BRADFORD GREEN. B.S.. M.D. PHILIP FISCELLA, M.D.... MORRIS FRANKLIN, M.D.... N. P. A. DIENNA. M.D... GEORGE G. GIVEN. M.D. 2. B. NEWTON. M.D....... C. KENNETH MILLER. M.D. .. LEWIS KARL HOBERMAN. M.D. CHESTER REYNOLDS. M.D. .. ... Instructor in Obstetrics . . Instructor in Obstetrics Clinical Assistant in Obstetrics .Clinical Assistant in Obstetrics Clinical Assistant in Obstetrics .Clinical Assistant in Obstetrics Clinical Assistant in Obstetrics .Clinical Assistant in Obstetrics Clinical Assistant in Obstetrics Ophthalmology H. WINFIELD BOEHRINGER. M.D. . HENRY O. SLOANE. M.D......... JOHN C. ROMMEL. M.D. .. . . EDWARD BEDROSSIAN. A.B.. M.D.. ADOLPH RUFF. M.D.......... . Associate Professor of Ophthalmology .........Lecturer in Ophthalmology Demonstrator in Ophthalmology Demonstrator in Ophthalmology ........Instructor in Ophthalmology Orthopedics JOHN R. MOORE. M.D............................... Professor of Orthopedic Surgery CHARLES H. McDEVITT. M.D. .................................Demonstrator of Orthopedics Pathology, Bacterioligy, Immunology, Serology, Hygiene, and Public Health JOHN I. FANZ. M.D....................Professor of Pathology. Bacteriology and Hygiene HARRIET L. HARTLEY, M.D.......................... Associate Professor of Hygiene EDWIN S. GAULT. M.D..................Assistant Professor of Pathology and Bacteriology DAVID B. FISH8ACK. M.D....................................... Instructor in Pathology Otology MATTHEW S. ERSNER. M.D.. F.A.C.S. EDWARD K. MITCHELL. M.D. JULIUS WINSTON. M.D........... S. BRUCE GREENWAY. M.D........ LOUIS H. WEINER. M.D.......... HARRY G. ESKIN. M.D. ......... SIMON BALL. M.D.............. FRANK L. FOLLWEILER. M.D. .. BURECH RACHLIS. M.D........... DAVID MYERS. M.D.............. FLOYD W. UHLER. M.D........... . . . . . . Profossor of Otology Associate Professor of Otology .Associate in Neuro otology ...... Demonstrator in Otology . Clinica1 Assistant in Otology .Clinical Assistant in Otology Clinical Assistant in Otology . .Clinical Assistant in Otology Clinical Assistant in Otology Clinical Assistant in Otology . . Clinical Assistant in Otology Pharmacology ALFRED E. LIVINGSTON. Ph.D............................Professor of Pharmacology EDWARD LARSON, Ph.D................... • • Associate Professor of Pharmacology RALPH C. BRADLEY. M.D................................Instructor in Pharmacology Seventy-nino 1933The Skull Physiology J. GARRETT HICKEY. M.D................................... Professor of Physiology RUTH WEBSTER LATHROP. M.D.......................Associate Professor of Physiology Proctology HARRY Z. HI8SHMAN, M.D. . . Clinical Professor of Proctology EDWARD C. DAVIS. M.D. ........................... Assistant Professor of Proctology HARRY F. WEBER. M.D. Demonstrator in Proctology HARRY E. BACON. M.D......... ......... . Demonstrator in Proctology FRANKLIN D. BENEDICT. M.D................................ Instructor in Proctology Psychiatry •MAX H. BOCHROCH. M.D. ......................................Professor of Psychiatry Radiology W. EDWARD CHAMBERLAIN. M.D............................. Professor of Radiology ALBERT K. MERCHANT. M.D.................. . Associate Professor of Radiology H. TUTTLE STULL. M.D. Associate in Radiology BARTON R. YOUNG, M.D. Clinical Assistant in Radiology WILBUR BAILEY. M.D. . Clinical Assistant in Radiology Department of Medical Art WM. BROWN McNETT .................................................. Director Pediatrics RALPH M. TYSON. M.D. .. .............. SAMUEL GOLDBERG. M.D.................. GERALD H. J. PEARSON. A.B.. M.D....... HENRY H. PERLMAN. M.D.......... ...... VINCENT T. CURTIN. A.B.. M.D.......... P. F. LUCCHESI. A.B., M.D. EDWARD D. ATLEE. M.D.................. WM. H. CRAWFORD M.D................... JAMES E. BOWMAN. M.D. ................ PAUL F. BENDER. M.D................... ROBERT S. HEFFNER. M.D................ SCOTT L. VERREI. M.D. JOSEPH LEVITSKY. M.D.................. DONALD FRASER LYLE. A.B.. M.D......... CHARLES R. BARR. M.D. Eighty ............ .. Professor of Pediatrics Clinical Professor in Pediatrics .. ...........Lecturer on Pediatrics Demonstrator in Pediatrics .............Demonstrator in Podiatrics ..... . . Demonstrotor in Pediatrics ...............Instructor in Pediatrics . Instructor in Pediatrics .............. Instructor in Pediatrics ..... Clinical Assistant in Pediatrics . ......Clinical Assistant in Pediatrics .Clinical Assistant in Pediatrics Clinical Assistant in Pediatrics .Clinical Assistant in Pediatrics . . .Clinical Assistant in Pediatrics 1933TITe Skull Faculty Messages | WANT to take this means of saying farewell to all of you anc wish you success, happiness, and contentment in your life work. Scattered as this Class will be to the four winds may you all keep up the reputation that Temple University students are now enjoying. The School has paid its debt to you with your graduation; your debt to the School now begins. Future generations wi be judged by your activities. ITH the advent of Springtime. Mother Nature sends adrift her buds and flowers. A new world of living things is created. Not to be outdone, Alma Mater, your foster mother, is likewise sending forth a progeny—a creation requiring a developmental period of four lonq. tedious and laborious years. We. who have helped develop this progeny in its mental growth, are justly proud. We have tosted it in the making, and have found it good, we feel no hesitancy in giving if its birthright and wo know that it will fulfill our expectations in its struggle with the malevolent, both in disease and morals. As a Godspeed to the Class of 1933, we wish you success in all its fullness. Sincerely yours, To the Class of 1933: URING the past half century. Medical Science has made marvelous advances in the prolongation of human life, and in the reduction of disease and death rates. Still, today, there is a vast amount of unnecessary sickness, and many thousands of untimely deaths. It is my sincere wish that the CLASS OF 1933 has acquired tho true spirit of scientific medicino: that you may redeem human lives and relieve human suffering; that you may extend the bounds of knowledge in everything that concerns the welfare of mankind, remembering always that physical and mental health is a nation's greatest asset. May you all find much happiness in the practice of your profession!! Eighty-one 1933Ihe Skull Dear Friends of '33: I T IS a pleasure indeed to congratulate the class upon having at last reached the goal of ambition, I the Doctorate in Medicine. I wish for you, one and all. that degree of success, (in your endeavor to carry on in internoship To the Senior Closs of 1933: WE ARE living through an era which is making history for the future generation. This world economic turmoil has put us to the test and we. too. have been offectod not only os physicians but as part of the public. To the Class of 1933: k iEDlClNE is one of the most ancient of professions. Sir Thomas Watson said, if has its own system of rewards and punishments, its own dignities and glories; and is characterized by the most splendid charity. One should enter it with properly exalted ideas; with a belief in its greatness, its dignity, its real importance: and resolve at the beginning to think and observe, to compare ond to analyze, and to be conscientious and charitable. and practice), which the hard effort of the student years ought to bring. Chorish tho friendships made here, for they will mean much during the future days. Again wishing the best for all of you, I am, Sincerely, For the lawyer, the banker, the artisan and the laborer there can be substitution in the interim, but I know nowhere in this earth whore the Doctor's position can bo filled in an acute illness. Wo. as members of the medical profession, must cooperate ond be prepared to combat with the political confrere whose intent and purpose it is to socialize us. We physicians must not allow ourselves to become political footballs. The tradition of our medical profession is too fine to yield to political influences. The clovetion of the profession is paramount to all outside issues and calls for progressive expansion rather than retrenchment. Lot US see to it that WO in our profession hove more of tho esprit de corps or "all for one— and one for all." Sincerely yours, 1933 Eighty-three The Skull To the Class of 1933: iij |E THAT climbs tho toll tree, has won right to the fruit, and he that leaps tho wide golf, should prevail in the suit.'1 If it is truo that “there is no excellence without difficulty." then I think I see greoter achievements awaiting the “survival cf the fittest" of the class of ‘33. than will have been attained by most classes in recent years. “The old order chongeth." and you go out into a radically changing professional world to meet more doubt and uncertainty, more formidable obstacles, with taller trees ond wider gulfs than has fallen to the lot of those who went forth in less perilous times. Congratulations, therefore—upon whot you have iust done? Yes. but more upon what you have yet to do; and especially upon the difficulties that confront you. for these will lorgely determine your degree cf success. Sincerely yours, JT IS with a mingled feeling of pleasure and sadness that I write each year a farewell message to the outgoing class of Temple Medical School. There is a feeling of sadness because I know that I may not see many of you again; it is with pleasure because I know that each of you has attained a long sought for gool. May 1 remind you. however, that your real work is iust beginning; that from this time on you will begin to reap the fruits of your post endeavors. The greatest pleasure that will come to you will be in observing what you con accomplish for the relief of others. There are two types of individuals in this world; one type who believe that the world owes them a living, and the other type who believe that they have been placed in the world to bo of some service. The fact that you have chosen medicine as your profession shows that you belong to the latter group and you will have far more pleasure in life then those individuals who bolong to the former group. Steer your course in life so that you will be able to accomplish tho moximum in sorvico to others, and you will be sure to succeed. One ship drives West; another drives East By the selfsame winds that blow. It is not the gales but the set of the sails Thot determines the way it shall go." 1933Ihe Skull ■J H£ rapidity of development of your diagnostic acumen depends os much upon evaluation as upon recognition of symptoms and signs. You will be continually confronted with the necessity of referring bock to fundamentals. When you discover a weakness in your concept of generol principles, do not rest content until you have corrected the difficulty. Your situation is in no wise different from that of the builder who. upon discovering faults in the superstructure, looks to the foundation. Accept my expressions of good will and confidence that you will uphold and advance the good name of Temple. "| HE present Senior Class is graduating in a very trying oconomic period. Your ideals, character and courage will be severely tested. You must not compromise in any way: go forth with all the endowment afforded you. You have my hoarticst congratulations and sincerest best wishes for the future. To ho Editor of -he Skull": Eighty-four To the Graduating Class of 1933: A TASK completed, a work well done is a pleasant thing to think about—this is your thought today. Tomorrow, a new task. A Greater Work, awaits you. You must begin again, and oach day some other problem, some other work confronts you—an endloss thing to think about. But with the skill you have acquired, combinod with a pleasant smile, a gentle touch, and an understanding, you Can make your days, days of happiness and contentment, not only for yourself but to Others which may be your privilege to seive. So. in tho years to come, your dreams will be pleasant dreams, not only of work well done and tasks completed, but Dreams of Men. Dreams of Women. Dreams of Youth, and Dreams of Little Children whom you have benefited, and whose lives you have made more pleasant, producing friendships which are everlasting. So that when it comes your time to pass to The Great Beyond, loving hands will gently close your eyes and fold your arms across your breast. Heads will be bowed. Silent prayers will be said, asking that their lives may be such as the one who has passed away. This now may appoar to you as a poor reward, but no greator reward can I wish for you. 1933"The Skull ■J“HE Department of Medicine congratulates you upon graduation from one of the finest medical schools in the country and wishes you every success in the future. The faculty has put forth a very earnest effort toward preparing you for the practice of medicine and surgery and will follow your career with interest and sympathy. From now on your future is largely in your own hands and Temple expects you to "make good" wherever you are and in whatever you do. You are being admitted to one of the noblest of professions and at one of the most difficult and trying times in the history of the world, but remember that hard work and high moral character is o combination that cannot be beaten regardless of obstacles and difficulties to be met and overcome. May God bless and prosper you on tho balance of your journey through I fe. To the Class of 1933: REETINGS. May you carry on the principles of preventive medicine and find in the application of the knowledge which you have obtained, a wider usefulness and a cloaror understanding of the principles involved. Evory patient is a problem which requires a most careful analysis and individual modification of routine treatments which have been evolved for the good of the greatest number. I should like to emphasize the fact that formulas, procedures and doses of drugs, as well as corrective therapy, must bo intelligently modified to meet the requirements of each case, sometimes increased beyond the usually recognized limits but more often decreased or modified, depending upon the individual case. In every instanco. the clinician should boar in mind the objective to bo obtained by any measure introduced rather than the use of the measure because it is an accoptod custom. You will obtain the additional benefits of this application of individual therapy. Your rosults will be above the averago and your experience rich in the additional knowledge and keen onalysis which constitutes a basis for confidence and clinical judgment, that is so frequently required when unusual problems are presented. May you find in Medicine, the joy that comes from service to humanity rendered to the fullest extent of your abilities and the satisfaction of work well done. Sincerely, To tho Class of 1933: OU are to be congratulated upon receiving your degree in medicine this year. It marks the end of one long effort and the beginning of another in the most ncblo of professions. Our physical and mental faculties are capable of accomplishing much more than our wills command them to do. Everyone is cortainly to some extent hindored by tho curse of satisfaction. May your progress toward perfection in the art of medicine be accelerated by a determination equal to the obligation now upon you.The SkuUl TWO years' association with your class has been a most enjoyable one. It is with rogret that I see you depart to the four corners of our country, but I trust each of you will increase the fame of Temple Medical School by your services to mankind, and will strivo to be a leader in your chosen profession. To the Graduating Class: k I EVER forget that the chief aim of medicine is to relievo the sick and suffering pationt. All else is subservient to this. At a dinner ot the Neurological Society. Weir Mitchell pointed to the experts present ond said to his assistant. "Any one of these doctors can make a better diagnosis of organic disease of the nervous system than I con but not one of them can euro the patient as I can.'' It was lorgely because Dr. Mitchell did what others failed to do, cured his patients, that he was the outstanding figure in his specialty. Who could fail in practice if he would exercise but half the detailed cere shown by Ambroisc Pore for his potients! Perhaps you recall, for examplo. the directions he gave for the treatment of M. d'Auret, ill almost to death of a gunshot wound of the thigh, of which the following is only a part: "For the bedsore . . a fresh soft bed. with clean shirt and sheets. For the swelling and coldness of the limb hot bricks, sprinklod with a decoction of nerval herbs in wine and vinegar, and to the feet an earthenware bottle filled with the decoction. The thigh and the whole of the leg to be fomented with a decoction made of sage, thyme, lavendar. flowers of chamomile and molitat. red roses boiled in white wine, with a drying powdor made of oak ashes and a little vinegar and half a handful of salt. For the bedsore a large plaster made of the desiccative rod ointment and of Ung. Committisae equal parts. And for the strrngthening of the heart a refrigerant of oil of water-lilios, ointment of roses, and a little saffron dissolved in rose-vinegar and troacle. spread on a piece of rod cloth. For the syncope—good nourishment full of juices, as raw eggs, plums stewed in wine ond vinegar, broth of the meat of the great (stock) pot. the white moot of fowls, partridges' wings minced smoll and other roast meats easy to digest, as veal, kid. pigeons, partridges, thrushes and the liko, with sauce of orange, verjuice, sorrel, sharp pomegranatos: or he may have them boiled with good herbs os lettuce, purslane, chicory, buglass. marigold, and the like. At night he can take barley water, with juico of sorrel and of woter-lilies. of each two ounces, with four or five grains of opium, and tho four cold seeds crushed, of each half an ounce. . . . For the great pain in his head his hair must be cut and his head rubbed with rose-vinegar just warm—also a fore-hoad cloth of oil of roses and water-lilies and poppies, and a little opium and rose-vineaar. with a little camphor, all wrapped in a handkerchief, to be held some time to his nose. And we must make artificial rain, pouring water from some high place into a cauldron, that he may hear the sound of it by which means sleep sholl be provoked in him. . . . For the knee, ointmont of mallows and oil of lilies, and a little eau-de-vie and a wrapping of black wool with the grease left in it." That you who graduate this year may signally advance the art of healing is the well wish of 1933The Skull To the Class of 1933: | PERSONALLY, wish to thank ©very member of this Class for their attention and interest displayed during their two years of work in my department I heartily congratulate you on your reaching the port of your ambition. Now. that you hove succeeded, and are fully equipped to go forth to work in your chosen profession—hitch the already ascending emulation to a higher star and ever work for its attainment. "One ship drivos east and another drives west. While the self-same breezes blow; It's the set of the sails and not the gales. That bids them whore to go. ' To tho Senior Class of Temple University: |T IS with a groat doal of pleasure thot I seize this opportunity to express to you my very groat appreciation of the courtesy that you have shown mo personally and members of the Pediatric Staff and the greot interest that you have demonstrated in Pediatrics during this, my first year at Templo University Medical School. I trust that I have been able to stimulate in you an interest in children and that you will regard work with children from tho Pediatric angle and not consider them as little adults. I know of no better way for a young doctor to securo a practice than by being able to take care of children in a satisfactory manner. You must understand them, bo kind and patient in your dooling with them and above all convince the mother of a roal heartfelt sympathy in her own individual problems in child management. It always pays to be kind and courteous to your patients and to have patienco in order that you may have more patients. I wish you all much succoss in th© practice of medicine in whatever particular field you direct your energies, but above all I wish you happiness and good luck. Eighty-seven 1933t ' PARElibrary Temple university nursing school The SchoolPARE YflAflau mafBvirtU 3J3M3Y J00H02 OWSflUWThe SchoolTEMPLE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER . TODAY an Intensive warfare is being waged on behalf of the greatest values in human life. The issue is man's freedom from suffering, from incapacity, from premature death. The soldiers are scientists, physicians, and nurses: battle-fronts are the research laboratory, the clinic, the hospital. Disease is the enemy, and the warfare is Civilization's fight against the forces of ill-health. In the heart of Philadelphia a Medical Center has been established by Temple University that is an important sector in this far flung battle line striving to save life and multiply human happiness. This Center is a coalition of three powerful agencies which comprise a staunch bulwark against the inroads of disease: I. The School of Medicine of Temple University, which for more than a quarter of a century has been traininq serious-minded young men and women for the medical profession. 2. The Temple University Hospital, which for forty years has dedicated itself to the relief of human suffering. 3. The School of Nurses, where novices are prepared for the noblest of professions —the care of the sick. Through the medium of exhaustive research into the causes and treatment of disease: the training of physicians and surgeons; the conduct of public clinics and dispensaries: the establishment of medical and surgical foundations: the education of expert nurses; it guards closely the physical welfare of thousands. Directing this great humanitarian work is a staff of medical and surgical experts, each a recognized authority in his specialized branch of medicine or surgery. 1933 TEMPLE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL SCHOOL The SkullIhe Skull School History The Medical Department of Temple College, like all other departments of the institution, was not opened until a demand was made by a representative number of ambitious young men and women. It was opened in 1901, with evening classes distributed over five years to give an equivalent of a four-year day course. 700 hours of actual day work were required each year. Classes were held at the main college, and at the Samaritan Hospital. The latter had been taken over by Dr. Conwell in 1891, when its founders had run into financial difficulties. The graduates were finding it impossible to obtain the necessary licensure to practice in many states, due to unfavorable legislation. It soon became apparent that the evening classes would have to be abandoned and the students were urged, wherever possible, to transfer to the day classes which were being organized. The evening classes were discontinued in 1909. In 1907 the Philadelphia courts granted the title of "Temple University” to the institution. Shortly afterwards the Philadelphia Dental College and Garretson Hospital at Eighteenth and Buttonwood Streets, were annexed to Temple University and medical classes moved to that location. The clinical and ward teaching were taken care of by means of the 75-bed Garretson Hospital and the 125-bed Samaritan Hospital. In 1908-1909 the enrollment of the School of Medicine was 238 students and the teaching staff had reached 85. At the present time this number has been more than doubled and the school now has a well-balanced and well-organized teaching staff. Due to the fact that many industrial plants were moving to suburban locations and the maternity department had been moved to the Greatheart Hospital in 1923, it was felt that the Garretson Hospital had outlived its usefulness. The three upper floors were to be utilized for laboratories. Modern equipment was installed for the Department of Physiology. Embryology and Histology. Pathology and Bacteriology. In the basement of Medical Hall, a new medical dissecting room with improved facilities was installed. During the next three years the Garretson Hospital was moved to the Spring Garden Street Building, and the entire building on Hamilton Street was utilized for teaching purposes. Since each laboratory department now has an entire floor, this meant larger classes might be accommodated. Twenty-threeThe Skull CHOIR CLM OFHttRI PONftLP UJ- INGHftrri .. pRe tP£f',T" RflVmOMP FIN€ ••vice -PRe ioer T.. HUGH 6 Bovue WRniflM kiN6 Btfl, . . y€CB€TBRy • • Tfc€A. uReR .. 1933Skull Senior Class History The 1933 Ninety-one Yet odors and cadavers notwithstanding, that dissecting room holds some of our most precious memories. Perhaps it was because he "got first crack at us;" perhaps it was for some other reason, but Prof. John B. Roxby stands out first and foremost in these memories. His threats used to sound so real even Foy believed them, and it wasn't until quite late in the year that the rest of us learned that wiser than taking the threat with a grain of salt was taking the salt alone. Still, the old fox win always remain a favorite and it shouldn't take more than an apple tree in the summer time to bring him to the fore of our minds. That anatomy room carries so many memories! It was here that the first class officers were ordained—remember? Ed Levin, Grand Mogul; Ken Reinheimer, Less Grand Mogul; Ed. Pugh, Scribbler; and John Freeman, Moneybags. It was here, too, that the dance committee planned that memorable Freshman Dance. (Do you still have your luminous skull?) It was here that Rogan was voted the most proficient T. L. in the class. It was here that "pis d’go —where is this cames from? JoJo" carried on. It was here that "carnation Joe" hurled devastating epithets at the naughty Freshman. How readily one thought evokes its fellow: the Glausers. Boston. Emil, box of bones, navicular, lunate, triangular —now let's see, never lower. Tillie's, p—oh, yes, pisiform, etc. Who'll forget Dr. Stull and his course in roll-calling and X-ray anatomy? G The scene reluctantly changes. Long, black tables, a small, single black-board, again a long, quite narrow room, the same Freshmen, but new realms and new GRIT your teeth ! We're off ! ! In September. 1929, as a hundred odd apple-cheeked, naive youngsters, dressed in their Sunday best, we assembled for the first time as the Freshman class of the Temple University School of Medicine. Who shall tell of our lofty dreams, our cherished hopes, our fond expectations? Who shall describe our doubts, our tears, our uncertainties? What does it matter? Here we were, the most pretentious. the largest class the Medical School had ever admitted. And what a school! A hodge-podge rather, for, as kaleidoscopic images flit before us, we see a jumble of schools of Dentistry, Pharmacy. Chiropody and Medicine all crowded into one old building: we see a long, narrow anatomy lecture and dissecting room in the basement, drab stone tables, ordinary dunce stools, poor lights, poor ventilation (we've all met worse odors since but certainly none ever produced as pronounced an effect as those that baptized our olfactory fibers during the early days)."The Skull expounders of gospel. Prof. Fanz and Dr. Gault, Prof. Pritchard and Dr. Weigand— four names to conjure with, but let's be frank; there was always more awe connected with the names of Franz and Pritchard, both veritable dynamos of energy, both masters of their subjects, but all four—real men, sincere in their work, all in the teaching of medicine not for what they could get but for what they could give. Look through those Bacteriology, Histology and Embryology notebooks, and in the vernacular "how they gave!" "Tell him, next man. Aw, tell him, Henderson." (And Jacquish, do you still insist that you didn't aim that piece of chalk at our Black Prince?) The scene shifts again. The huge amphitheatre, where an instant previously Dr. Saylor had held sway, now holds a new face in its pit. Dr. Wolfe, the acme of enthusiasm, let the subject in Medical Correlation be a cardiac one and the man lost all restraint and literally poured out his soul. Even Egoville had no "comeback." A few words concerning the class, itself. There was plenty of evidence that Temple University had "picked" some of the best students that academic colleges could offer. Many were naturally brilliant; most were terrible "grinds": and to be truthful, a few belonged to the common garden variety of cabbage. However, all worked diligently: and all feared mightily; all hoped fervently; and the hundred odd of us became Sophomores. Clearly articulated words, slowly enunciated, coming from a pair of thin lips next reverberate in our memories. "No formulas, they can be found in any chemistry book," and with this proclamation we were introduced to a course in Physiological Chemistry that was a revelation of how simply a difficult, and to many, an arduous subject could be presented. Somehow, Dr. Saylor’s position in our recollection is unique; a clever man. the sort of person with whom there was little use assuming a look of understanding or head-nodding while he was explaining an involved or difficult subject, for with his intrinsic ability to teach, he could "feel" one's failure to understand and invariably he'd start anew. What a medical school it would be could it boast five such Saylors! And if you made a "ten" in your unknown, who'd want a more decent chap than Mr. Shrader. But if you didn't, (sh, sh. not so loud. Hadden.) It’s practically all over now and one may look back and judge. In manys ways, the Freshman year was the most difficult. Medical school atmosphere, a new language with its strange vocabulary, new responsibilities, new teachers, different methods of teaching, the learning of techniques, the process of becoming medically Ninety-two 1933The Skull minded, the confusion that must have attended the unfolding of the vast vistas of medicine, the expulsion of erroneous concepts, the visualization of what could hardly be seen, the tremendous amount of knowledge to be acquired and retained—yes. if only to examination time—all contributed to our hardships. But the cornerstone had to be laid! (We can see Beloff, J. J. Cohen. A. J. Rosenfeld, and a few others smile at the word "hardships"—they considered it a pleasure! Then the miracle occurred! Another phase of Dr. Conwell’s dream came true, and as if in response to the wave of a magic wand, a magnificent structure arose at Brood and Ontario—the Medical School of Temple University. How much our dean. Prof. Parkinson, had to do with the waving of the wand is not a difficult matter to conjecture; for, everyone of us knows the Medical School has no more staunch supporter. As a new newly christened Sophomore class then, we entered a newly christened Medical School. A year of crude fundamentals hammered into us in a crude workshop by master workers and now we were being rewarded. All handicaps were removed. The cry had been the latest and the best of everything and with the answer still resounding in our ears, we started again to assemble our ranks and face our objective. Everything was in our favor; the four horsemen, Roxby. Fanz. Saylor and Hickey commandeering the battle; a wonderful citadel in which to maneuver; the finest armamentarium available and more formidable opponents to overcome. Pathology, Neuro-anatomy and Chemistry meant we were in the hands of three old friends again. But Physiology meant the sine qua non and that the fourth horseman was with us. Looking back, trepidation seizes us. All those frogs, those gastrocnemius preparations, those Stannius No. I's and No. 2's, those smoked drums, those hypertrophied enema bags, that case of tympanites requiring the special milk and molasses enema! What a mess! Whose lab report was it that came back marked "Liar"? (Don’t blush, Kondor, we won't give you away. And was Beals your fellow in crime?) Memories next give us austere, matronly Dr. Lathrop, most often ready to advise and assist and only occasionally hurling us violently back to the "Directions"; and, as if he were encompassing all within his outstretched arms. Dr. Hickey. There’s so much about that personage that still wants knowing. (What's the dirt, Hand?) It is generally rumored, but, of-course, the margin of trust-worthiness is so slight, that it was amidst this atmosphere of philosophic physiology and frog's legs that love came to one of our members, God keep her. We, all of us. really owe the lady a vote of thanks for no one can guess how often she saved us from having to listen to one of those stories, don't you know, that one of our professors was just aching to tell. Lest we forget to say so later, Dr. Hersey Thomas certainly never experienced this ache. The four horsemen weren't the only ones to "ride" us during the sophomore year Ninety-three 1933[he Skull —Dr. Livingston, Dr. Larson and General Bradley also showed us their spurs—but with their host of drugs, dogs, cats, and kymographs they gave us a most practical grounding in Materia Medica and Pharmacology. All will agree that little time was devoted, in this course to "talk and theory" and much to "doing things"—unless, of course, you were one of those gentlemen who pleased to rely on Keesal's ability in preparing an "Homogeneous Emulsion of Cod Liver Oil" or any of those other drugs we were supposed to compound ourselves. Only a fool would dare to suspect as finished a pharmacist as Boone or Willig. Now, gentlemen, smack your lips, (don't you try, Gerber) select one of your hushed tones of voice, emit the words "Physical Diagnosis," pause, whisper"fascin-ating," smack your lips again, rub the palm of your hand across your forehead. Can you see him? Say, which ones of you were in that little room in the subbasement when Dr. Kay asked the time of a certain murmur which had fascinated us and one, more deeply fascinated than the rest, answered "a quarter to four"? When you, venerable doctors, are old and gray, you may. if you will, take your grandchildren into that little sub-basement room and show the youngsters the impression where, on the above occasion, Dr. Kay hit the ceiling. Ceilings remind us of walls and walls of those marvellous "pixstchuz" with which Dr. Emich held us spellbound in his course of Minor Surgery. Surely, we should all feel grateful to Dr. Emich. for he alone deserves credit for everything we know about "lumbar punchers." Cow punchers have no advantages over us, no. not even when it comes to the construction of a privy or the writing of a Sanitary Survey. It may be suspected that we are no longer talking about John Emich. With all due respect to that gentleman, a much prettier face appears before us. What dignified white locks! What a heaving of the bosom and fiery animation of the mind when she spoke of those awfully terrible places where for a mere nothing they dispensed hordes and hordes of spirochete pallida. But what chance does one or a billion spirochetes stand against a high Neo coefficient in the hands of one of our worldly classmates? The writer heartily sympathizes with the reader. What is this? A history of the Senior class or a history of Temple's teachings corps? What of the class? Why not mention that in the Sophomore year. Jack Hartman was President, that Hughie Boyle was Vice-President, that Charlie Calasibetta was Secretary, that Leon Saunders was Treasurer? Why not say something about how worried the fellows were with those unannounced exams, how diligently they all studied lest they be caught with their panties around their ankles, how flabbergasted they all felt when they were so caught? Mention Livingston’s cup d' etat, Fanz's thrust in the back, Hickey's surprise party. What? And no mention of those happy moments in the lecture rooms before the professor's arrival? Shall we omit even reference to those gleeful occasions when one of those cabbage heads, earlier mentioned, sent a flaming 1933[he Skull Ninety-five newspaper sailing across the room or when one of those simply cunning pranks sent a burning cigarette butt shooting by your ear (we're not even looking at you. Peters) or if your ears were big enough, clear into the Eustachian tube—tympanic membrane notwithstanding? And no mention of those brave souls, who already burdened with trials and tribulations, boldly took unto themselves one of those sweet, delectable, heaven-sent, wide-pelvised helpmates—a wife? Certainly, we'll want to think back to the days of our Sophomore dance. Like our first year dance, it was a unique affair. Perhaps our notions were warped, but it seems both the Freshman and Sophomore dances had a twang that has never been duplicated. It probably wasn't the Elk Club ballroom or the Majestic Hotel ballroom: it probably wasn't the orchestra: what was it? (Boyle will probably insist there never was any difference: any dance was a huge success to him if he had a phone booth and a pretty girl who didn’t slap his face. Gurley might know he was always present in good spirit.) Oh, suppose we drop the matter entirely and proceed to the Junior year. The Junior year! What a boon to suffering mankind could we but go among the sufferers and intelligently apply merely one arithmetical half of all we learned during that year. It reminds one of a cornucopia overflowing with the best of everything. A mere list of the subjects covered is astounding. One hardly knows how or where to start recording impressions. Babcock’s colossal course in Surgery, Coomb's shorter but almost colossal course in Operative Surgery, Steel’s lectures in Surgery with color and sound effects, Burnett’s lively and thorough quizzes and the sallies of the other members of the Surgical department, all indicate that Surgery held the foreground in our Junior year. Without a doubt, though, it was the Surgery on Monday and Tuesday morning at nine that kept our spirits in constant dread and our nerves on constant tension. Can anyone forget the straining of eyes for that little projection machine? Can't everyone still feel that wave of relaxation with its appearance? Or were you not one of those who, with the darkening of the room and the drawing of the blinds, promptly proceeded to court old man slumber to the tune of a certain well-modulated voice? Words really fail us and our brows wrinkle when we try to express our feelings about Dr. Babcock. Such a little fellow! Even Pessolano could stand up against him. physically—but surgically, what a giant! Though the fineness of his diagnostic acumen and operative skill might have escaped our inexperienced eyes, his correctness of diagnosis and highly successful operative results did not fail to capture and arouse our warmest admiration. Almost in the same breath we feel we must include Dr. Burnett. If we are not mistaken, he entered Temple about theIhe Skull Ninety-six same time the rest of us did. Wasn't it he who used to sit in with us on one of Roxby's slide lectures in Anatomy? Anyway, he repeatedly, since then, proved himself to be one of the boys, a regular fellow, fair, square and. we hope he doesn’t misunderstand the expression, quite lovable. We'd love to linger along these ways but the limit of four thousand words is not far off. Furthermore, the Junior year, at this writing, seems to belong more to the present than to the past, and in accordance with the lews of human conduct we want to rush on, we want to turn today into yesterday, and tomorrow into today! Why? Who knows? (Must we again turn to Freed?) So, onward is the cry. Dare we. though, rush by Prof. Robertson. Prof. Beckley and the other excellent men in the department of Medicine? We shall not. It was only on a few rare occasions that we had the pleasure and good fortune of attending Prof. Robertson’s lectures. (Even Marbach didn't fall asleep here.) We regretted the curtailed privilege yet we were thankful that the man who did give us most of our medicine was Prof. Beckley—a most conscientious instructor, an excellent diagnostician and a friend in need. Without a doubt, many will complain of the brevity of their contacts with the other members of this department, time is fleeting. Time is fleeting but a certain bespectacled figure is sitting back and. if only figuratively so, drawing on a fat, black cigar. Time and more time! Gentlemen, we give you Prof. Jesse Arnold, accoucheur par excellence. Because he had faith in his convictions and practised what he preached, he will always command our respect. Perhaps the day is not far distant when those little Obs. case reports we read in class and those two or three questions we simply had to ask at the end of each report will reappear before us in form of a life saved, a stupid error avoided, or a brilliant move accomplished, it all depends on how we sow our seed. Watch those ejaculatory deliveries. Menza!) And Dr. Alesbury—whose ears didn't snap up to attention when they heard, "Now, fellows, I tell you frankly—"? He told us. . . And so did Prof. Winkelman—with the result that the Junior class voted unanimously that if a better course in Neurology be given in any other medical school and if there be a better man to give it—it's a lie! What other neurologist, we argued, could show as many brains in his laboratory to bear out his diagnosis? It shouldn't be. but then it may be boring to read first these few words about one man and then those few words about another. Time, the great mellower, must be given his opportunity. Ten years from today—twenty—thirty, perhaps, you may open this yearbook, turn to this page and read at this point . . . not that the child is unable to nurse, he can nurse! Not that he isn't hungry, he is hungry! Not that the mother's breasts aren't full, they are full! Not that he doesn't want to nurse, he 1933Fhe Skull does want to! But, the infant flatly refuses to nurse!!! And before your bi-focal lenses will appear, on the one hand, a trim, peppy, dapper gentleman, and on the other hand, a poor, unfortunate infant begging you to take note of his intracranial hemorrhage and imploring you to prevent his walking some day like a pair of scissors. Gentlemen, a toast to Dr. Mills, who. though our Junior year was his last one at Temple, will always remain in our memories. Or when you come to this point you'll smile because you will expect to be able to shut your eyes and once again see that jovial, pleasant-voiced, mischievous-eyed rhino-laryngologist, Prof. Ridpath, surrounded by his numerous aides-de-camp. And right close by Prof. Hibshman v ith his well-greased finger poised and eager to plunge into somebody's slimy depths. How much more esthetic to gaze instead at some sweet young soul v ith a pain in her ear. to lean over her and whisper "I Bet You Five Dollars." Shades of Ersner! (Goldfine, can you recall the junk we got out of your ears when you presented them as model appendages?) Yes, this was the year when, in addition to the "ists" previously mentioned, we became dramatologists and syphilologists, gynecologists and genito-urinary specialists, neuro-surgeons and orthopedists, physical therapists and roentgenologists, psychiatrists and tuberculosis experts, specialists in the art of therapeusis, tropical medicine, medical history and medical I aw. shining exponents of medical ethics, and last, but not least, laboratory technicians. No matter how old we may grow or how faded these pages may become, will anyone ever fail to correctly associate Professors Hammond, Krusen, Bochroch, Moore, Fay. Thomas. Wright. Cohen, Konzelmann, Savitz. Chamberlain. Sheldon and Mcllvain v ith the aforementioned specialties? Which one was the whirlwind? Which the big bully? Which the spicy story teller? Which the greatest magician? Which the most vehement? And because we merely mention the heads of departments, does it mean we intend forgetting their respective staffs? No sir!! It was quite some distance back that we started cataloging this Junior year and now the end is near. All we shall add is mention of the huge success of the Skull Dance tendered the Senior class, and the good work of the Junior class officers, Gurley, President; Arbuckle, Vice-President; Henderson, Secretary; Reichwein, Treasurer. They deserve more than mention here but let them seek their reward in the honor of their positions. We hope we could end the last paragraph with its previous sentence. Good fortune had been so true to us: why did she have to mar her excellent record? Those who gazed for the last time at the serene and immobile features of Francis Brecker ought never be able to erase the image; those who heard the bereaved Ninety-seven 1933[he Skull Ninety-eight father's few words to us can never forget the poignancy of the occasion. We bow our heads. The Senior year! Blare, trumpets, blare! Victory is nigh! If you think the words too dramatic—we have no apologies to offer. The past few years have been the most dramatic of our lives. The lofty dreams are turning to realization, the cherished hopes are surging to greater heights, the fond expectations are in full bloom. No longer can one see a hundred odd apple-cheeked youngsters. Nativity is gone. Sophistication is ubiquitous. (Even Tom Brobyn hasn’t escaped.) Just as the Junior year was the most burdensome as far as the number of subjects and the amount of studying were concerned. so was the Senior year the most burdensome from the point of view of actually "going places and doing things." But we loved every bit of it. We were actually dealing, at first hand, with sick, living human beings, taking histories; doing physicals, making diagnoses, prescribing remedies, advising treatment, giving prognoses, administering anesthetics, clamping hemostats. bringing new beings into the world and engaging in hosts of other real, vital, essential problems that concerned our fellow humans. The Temple slogan of "Always Onward" was flaring in the breeze. The internationally famous Dr. John Kolmer succeeded to the chair of Professor of Medicine and promptly proceeded to deal out little masterpieces every Monday and Friday at nine. Dr. Ralph Tyson assumed the duties of Professor of Pediatrics and commenced to pour huge doses of up-to-the-minute clinical pediatrics down our Senior throats. Dr. May simultaneously hurled ophthalmology at us in a most merciless manner. Did we say Dr. May? How stupid of us—we meant Prof. Boehringer. Certainly, those side-splitting stories never came from May's. So there we were: austere Senior heads perforce stuck through that hole in the canvas and almost the entire medical corps of Temple scrambling to take a parting shot at us. As if that weren’t sufficient cause for anxiety, an awful dilemma seized the greater part of the class. Interneships! Letters of application, photographs, credentials, letters of recommendation. wire pulling, special examinations, interviews, what a turmoil! Slowly, order descended upon the confusion. About this time. Dame Fortune again stumbled. Our revered Prof. Bochroch suddenly ceased his attempts at unraveling this tangled skein of life and left a multitude of mourners everywhere. Then. Jacquish. that great, big. healthy he-man. decided to sneak away and play nursemaid to a host of acid-fast organisms. A bad break for Jake—he has the heartfelt sympathy and best wishes of every one of his classmates. 1933Fhe Skull 1933 Ninety-nine There isn't much more, is there? Class officers? After the pow-wow Don Ingham emerged as Big Chief; Ray Fine, Little Chief; Hughie Boyle, goose quill: and Norman Beals, catch-much-money. It is possible we omitted much that some of you might have wished included in this "so-called" history. Some may even at this point be bewailing the absence of any reference to our dedicatee. Prof. Chevalier Jackson—but, indeed, we are. at the present writing, looking forward to his course in Bronchoscopy and Esophagoscopy with the keenest pleasure. And we have written very little about our Dean. Isn't that quite human, too? Are we accustomed to showering eulogy and words of admiration upon those we love and respect most, those who are nearest to us? It's a flaw in human nature. Dean Parkinson was so tolerant with us in the past that he commands the deepest respect of every member of the Senior class: and that everyone will always remember him as an excellent Dean, an accomplished surgeon and a gentleman of the finest mettle. The Seniors are off! Ungrit your teeth. It’s over! JOHN JAY FREEMAN. Historian.The Skull FRANK M. ANDERSON I IP FROM the sunny clime end the land of Ever glades comes one of Florida's native sons. Southern geniality is elegantly portrayed by this man whose personality is as mellow as the oranges of his native state, whose temperamont is steeped in good will, whose spirit is uplifting and gratifying, and whose mind is but a place for the incarceration of benevolent thoughts. His quietness and solitude merely lend a decorative touch to his outstanding singularity. Thus, we entertain no fears or doubts as to Andy's future Aesculopian accomplishments—his inherent aptitude will play no small role in his ultimate success. Keep away from the alligators! Orlando. Flordia Universtiy of Florida; Columbia University Fraternity—Phi Kappa Alpha. Internship—Chester Hospital, Chester, Pa. ROBERT K. ARBUCKLE, B.S. DOB came in our midst four years ago. hailing from a mid-western college and soon made many friends with hi$ quiet, self-assuring manner. This young "medico' will not have to worry about a practice for his winning smile will obtain many patients, especially female. The ol' rheumatic fever bug got a hold of 8ob thij past winter and put him to bed for a few weeks but Doctor Kolmer's salicylates and a good rest soon had Bob back on his feet. Bob has been holding forth out at Taylor Hospital in Ridley Park the past year and he has had some good experience to start showing the "chiefs" at Episcopal Hospital what a Temple man can do. Coatesville. Pa. Knox College Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organ'.iations—Bobcock Surgical. Hickey Physiological. Vice-President. Junior year. Internship—Episcopal Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred 1933he Skull NORMAN KING BEALS. B.A. ERY few men are endowed with the fine qualities possessed by "Norm" a quiet, unassuming, dignified. scholarly man. whose common sense and sound judgment are the pillars of support for those who are wont to seek his advice. A very ardent student of Aesculapius, sitting in the front row throughout his medical career, giving sound logic and reason when called upon to recite. His soriousness did not deter him from varied activities when called upon to assume responsibilities, a man whose personality and readiness to lend a helping hand made a multitude of close friends. In view of his past accomplishments, wo predict a highly successful and prosperous future, and expect from Norm many promising contributions to the mysteries of the healing art. Pull the cot out of the bog. Houdini! Emlenton, Pa. Allegheny College Fraternity—Phi Rho Sigma. Organizations—Babcock Surgical Society. Hickey Physiological Society. Interfraternity Council. Internship Memorial Hospital, Pawtucket, R. I. HARRY BELOFF 111 IFE. said Shakespeare, "is a talo told by an idiot." Beloff's career is an excellent refutation of this epigram. A splendid master of theories, enemy of crude empiricisms, he has strivon for the construction of a homogenous and uniform medical knowledge, seeking strict limitation and definiteness of his concepts, and searching for inner freedom from contradiction. Harry's labors have been intensive: his astonishing pleasure in detail reveals his close investigations into the medical science: like Ovid's flea, he diligently seeks all corners of the wench, nor does he allow her to rest quietly at night. We foresee for him a scientific life "like a luminous tract in the great night of the Infinitesimally Small." Light a candle! Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Organization—' Skull" Staff. Internship—Philadelphia General Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred one 1933Jhe Skull BENJAMIN B. BERKOWITZ, B.A. THE eternal commuter is Ben. During his Freshmen year Berkie camo all the way in from Camden, and then during his Sophomore and Junior years Glenside was his abode, and then to cap the climax he came in from Salem. New Jersey, every day and he even got here in time for the usual nine o'clock classes. And now that his school days are over he will further commute to the Conemeugh Valley Hospital away up where the flood started. Johnstown, Pa. Ever a smile, regardless of how tough the going was. we regarded as one of Ben’s most valuable assets. Many things were acquired by Berkie during his four-year stay at Temple, among others being a wife. Look out for the rolling pin! Salem, N. J. University of Penna. Societies—Winkelman Neurological Society [ Presi dent), Tyson Pediatric Socioty, Hickey Physiological. Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Internship—Conemaugh Valley Hospital, Johnstown. PAUL E. BIRON |- OWN from the White Mountains of New Hamp- shire comes this dynamic personality, to shine with ever increasing brilliance in our midst. In fact, his face beamed with so much intelligence one Frid.ay afternoon, not so long ogo. that Dr. Kay asked him the time of a murmur. With his over-ready willingness to answer questions, he promptly replied—3.30, Sir! Paul is olways in a hurry—yet ever ready with a good word or willing to lend a helping hand whenever needed. We know he will meet with great success in the healing art end will spread the gospel of Temple in his native heath of New Enqlond. Skoal! Manchester. N. H. Dartmouth Fraternity—Phi Chi Organizations—Babcock Surgical. Winkelman Neurological, Dermatological, Tyson Pediotrics. Hickey Physiological. Internship—St. Luke's Hospital. Now Bedford. Mass. One hundred two 1933The Skull JAMES BLOOM D LOOM i$ fortunate. He Has never, in the course of His career, come to look upon his more elevated objects as impractical or as too remote from realization to be more than a vision or theory. Ho is mature, endowed with dignity of presence, possesses an excellent mastery of languego, and is a trenchant dialectic. Bloom's ordent defense of biliary drainage against numerous hecklers, and his thorough investigations into the psychic phase of patients (including dyspar-eunic tendencies) are noteworthy. We must record among his failures an effort to reform Beloff, whose persistent refusal to see the light (through bile-tinted glasses) was a matter of much concern to this conscientious and righteous Harrisburger. Heaps o' luck, Bilioncephalon! Harrisburg, Pa. Temple Univorsity Fraternity—Sigma Alpha Mu Organizations—Hammond Pre-Medico! Winkelman Neurological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Harrisburg General Hospital. Harrisburg, Pa. CHARLES A. BOGUE. B.A. XA HEN from the ends of the world we gathered— “ ’ to become atoms in the frame-work of Medico! Science, oach having his own special affinity of attraction.—few were better endowed than Charley. Straightforward and good-natured, ever ready to do you a favor, never a knocker—always a booster— with a mind that did not folter over the long path that he travelled, till the accumulated knowledge is sufficient to grant one the longed-for title of Doctor. There is much we have learned about this fellow in the four years we have been together. Wo are sure that no one will hold the ideals of our profession higher. So here's to Charley Bogue, the Doctor. Take off the false-face! Warren, Ohio Western Reserve University Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organization—Hickey Physiological. Internship—Harrisburg Hospital, Harrisburg, Pa. One hundred three 1933TFT is The Skull LESLIE J. BOONE LJ ORE'S !:o Joe Smoothie, Kingston's best dressed ■ man, and who no doubt has already won a warm place in the hearts of the ladies! "We learned about women from him." We often wondered where he acquired his technique—was it his bridge etiquette, was it his dominating personality—or was it that fine misplaced growth which is parked beneath his proboscis—we still wonder! But wc feel that "Les" can't go wrong: his happy-go-lucky personality, his carefree attitude and his willingness to lend a helping hand surely will not send him amiss in his chosen profession. How's the babe. Les? Toodle loo----- Kingston, Pa. St. Thomas. Scranton, Pa. Fraternity—Omega Upsilor. Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society, Interfraternity Council. Wink-elman Society. Wright Dermatological Society. Internship—Wilkes-Barro General Hospital, Wilkes-Barre. Pa. F. CLYDE BOWERS, B.S. A MAN of girth and a man of mirth—Clyde. A member of the Midget's League—you know. Biron. Imperiale. Long and that crowd. They threatened to team up once and lick Pessolano and Glenn, but the latter two gave each Lilliputian a nickel and the war was called off. Clyde's a man who really has tho courage of his own convictions and we have yet to hear him "hedge" when asked for an opinion. Not only that, but, once oxpressod. he will go to the mat willingly in defense of his thought. And we all know Medicine needs men of his type. Say something disparaging about the country practitioners some time. Then sit back and listen to some common sense statements put across with convincing forcefulness. He shared a great deal of the labor in the production of this book with Costa. If you like it, this fellow's work is one big reason why you do—and if you don't, tell Clyde. So long, boy, here's to your increasing success and decreasing waist line! Easton, Pa. Lafayette College Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Theta Xi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Winkel-man Neurological Society, Tyson Pediatric Society, "Skull" Staff. Intornship—Morristown Memorial Hospital, Morristown. N. J. One hundred four 1933Ihe Skull HUGH G. BOYLE IUST another son of Erin seeking a place in the Hall of fame! We shall never forget how he tied up the female market in Philadelphia or some of the embarrassing positions in which he found himself. Soy. Hugh, do you think you can have your engagements arranged so that they won't conflict?—because women will talk. Could you fix it so that "Never the twoin shall meet?" Well, my boy. go back to Luzerne and do your stuff. We know you have the makings of a good practitioner. Here's hoping you have a lot of little furuncles. Luzerne, Pa. Villanova Fraternities—Lambda Kappa Dolta, Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological, Tyson Pediatric Vice-President Sophomore Class. Secretary Senior Class. Internship—Scranton State Hospital. Scranton. Pa. THOMAS E. BROBYN, B.A. j IP FROM good old Transylvania, in the Blue Grass. came our good colleague, Tom, not Tom of cld Tom's Cabin but just a northerner who proved his worth to the Kentuckians, so much so that they will be glad to welcome him back as an intorne in one of their leading hospitals. Maybe some day he'll be a Kentucky colonel, who knows—who cares! But having seen Tom put forth his efforts in the assiduous tasks which have confronted him. we feel sure that he can deal with other problems without faltering and shall bring success to him on the consummation of these efforts. Bring home the bacon, old man! Philadelphia, Pa. Transylvania University Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organization—Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Good Samaritan Hospital. Lexington, Ky. One hundred five 1933he Skull MORRIS W. BRODY LJE HAD convictions and convictions which were ■ ■ usually right—but his idea of an agreeable person is a person who agrees with him. To him belongs the honor of being the only man to confuse Dr. Louis Cohen. Morris was the handy man of the classrooms. Any torn shades or obstinate windows seemed to respond to his touch, and how he climbed those poles! And we can still hear his voice reverberating. "In goes good air, out goes bad air." But he is not only an acrobat in a physical sense but a mental gymnast as well. His studious efforts have not boen in vain for ho has proven himself worthy of the reward that comes to those who labor. You take the cake. Brody! Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Societies—Hickey Physiological. Wright Dermatological; Tyson Pediatric. Fraternities—Theta Omega Psi. Phi Lambda Kappa. Internship—Saint Mary's Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. DAVID BROOKS. A.B. TISSUE extracts, sedimentation phenomena, and cancer cells held a lure for diminutive (size only) Dave, for two consecutive summers he spent doing research in the aforementioned departments. That he got more than research finished can be attested by his intimates. Aside from the research end of the school work. Brooksie spent his spare moments doing the official worrying for a chosen few. It was his wont to carry their burden on his snouldors, which became slightly bent from the task. In between his arduous scholastic duties, Dave had plenty of time to become secretary of the Winkelman Neurological Society, and what's more he was historian of his fraternity during his senior year. Internal modicine with special reference to chest pathology will be his forte—C’est tres bon, Davie—Cherchez la femme! Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Winkelman Neurological Hickey Phys-ioligical, Secretary Winkelman Neurological. Historian Phi Delta Epsilon. Internship— One hundred six 1933The Skull CHARLES CALASIBETTA, B.A. THE kid from Cornell! Say Charlie, do you know Rip Van Winkle?—sometimes I think you're a direct descendant, or do you sleep on a Simmon's?—We often review past events, Charlie, ond we wonder how you pulled away from your bed in Newark to come to Philadelphia. Well, you're looking great, anyhow! This chap has made a myriad of friends during his stay in Philly, no doubt due to his scintillating personality and good-naturedness. In spite of his willingness to visit in the arms of Morpheus there is one thing jure—he'll be awake at the right moment! Sweet Dreams. Charlie! Newark, N. J. Cornell University Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi, Alpha Phi Delta. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society, Babcock Surgical, "Skull'' Staff. Secretary of Sophomore Class. Internship—Elizabeth Genera! Hospital. Elizabeth N. J. LOUIS CHAESS, B.A. I OU lived in a world all his own. His thoughts, his actions, his prophecies were all his own. When Lou recited the betring ran high. In the sophomore year he beamed forth as a cardiologist, having had Dr. J. B. Wolffe assist him in research problems. Lou could be seen always on the go. His many appointments and probloms must have kept him busy. But, truthfully, folks. Lou has always striven earnestly to learn and has worked diligently in his assignments— hence, we quote: For just experience tells in every soul and soil That those that think must govern those that toil." Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania Societies—Hickey Physiological, Wriqht Dermatological. Fraternity—Phi Lambda Kappa. Internship— One hundred sevenIhe Skull GEORGE W. CHERNOFF, A.B. A MORE conscientious worker than our Georgie never did exist to our knowledge—unless it happened to bo his friend. Ray Fine. It was therefore no great surprise to find Georgie's average mount to greater heights each succeeding year. There wos one thing about George, however. thaf did roolly have us puzzled for a while concerning "change of climate." Each week end. with his sinuses as an excuse. George would take a hurried trip to the shore. And it was remarkable how those frontal headaches disappeared. With his pleasing personality and his persistent plugging, George is sure to win the plaudits of both his colleagues and patients. Here's hoping they don't have spastic paraplegio. Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Winkelman Neurological, Tyson Pedi-otric. Hickey Physiological. Internship—Northern Liberties Hospital, Philadelphia. Pa. JACOB J. COHEN. B.A. JAKE studied with a ferocity from the time he knew the pleurococcus grows on the north side of trees until he knew all about the inverted T. Waves. He was a connoisseur of grades and olways strived to add o few points over his provious mark in the last examination. Some soy he worked ond some say ho worried but he labored greatly as ho fretted. It can be said that Joke is the "model" schoolboy who never "cut" or was absent from a lecturo. At times Jake thought he was not getting his money's worth at school, so he looked three or four times at some new cases in clinic to make sure. However, ne was a quiet and an unassuming fellow and will, no doubt, succeed. Philadelphia. Pa. Univorsity of Pennsylvania Societies—Wright Dermatological. Hickey Physiolooi cal. Fraternities—Theta Alpha Phi. Phi Lambda Kappa. Internship Mt. Sinai Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred eight 1933The Skull REUBEN J. COHEN B.A. I I AD Reuben Cohon lived in the nineteenth cen-1 tury. the world would have never hoard of Benjamin Disraeli. Quintupling the ardor of Henry the Eighth, the romanticism of Anthony and Cleopatra, and the fieriness of Frederic Barborossa, gives us but a mite of this man's character. Would that space permitted, that we might pen the biography of this outstanding classmate ... his biography would read lifce Ludwig's Napoleon, his accomplishments like those of the immortal Hippocrates, and his associations like Who's Who. But truthfully we must admit that Rube is a delightful chap-—his wit. his smile, his willingness will ever be his greatest attributes! Heaps o uck, Rube! Philadelphia. Pa. University of Pennsylvania Organizations—"Skull" Staff. Hickey Physiological Society. Wright Dermatological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. Internship—Mt. Sinai Hospita1 Philadelphia. Pa. FRANK COSTA ASA general rule one must be quite circumspect when making any sort of comment about an editor. For one usually knows a thing or two that could be said—but, it might prove to be a boomerang. So-ooo-o. may we present Frank, the editor, than whom there is none whomer. tho man whose facile pen has created much of this book. This aforementioned book is a heritage that each succeeding Senior class resolves to co-operate wholeheartedly in producing. But. invariably, one or two boar the final burden. Frank's shoulders have proven adequately broad. A man of unceasing labor, a reconteur of much ability—a wooer of Pegasus—all of these and a good student—Frank. Prosit! Verona. Pa. University of Pittsburgh Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Babcock Surgical Society, Hickey physiological Society. Editor of "Skull" {4). Internship—Reading General Hospital Reading Pa. One hundred nine 1933Ihe SkUll CLINTON R. COULTER, B.S. IT HAS been whispered oround that Clint made a 1 man of his closeby colleague, "Rube Cohen.” It has been rumored that Clin: was the peacemaker between Costa and Cohen—and that he was the pacemaker for the class in certain other inclinations. Well —that may not be difficult to fathom, but what we really want to say is that Clint had the sterling qualities which attracted friends and those that came within his sphere—as the moths take to the flame. Quiet, demure and handsome—and someone found the latter characteristic very magnetizing, in fact, the opposite sex found this first. Beware. Clint': Clint will make his futuro grades on high without a doubt. Cheerio. Wesley. Pa. Grove City College Organization—Hickey Physiological Society Internship—Northeastern Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. JOSEPH F. DREIER, B.S. COME men are born scholars, others are exposed '■'to an education and then go forth. Joe is a devoted student of the Aesculapian Art who will go forth with a store of knowledge more than the result of a "mere exposure." To prove his ability Joe’s name has already appeared in the literature. That he possesses versatility may reodily be detected by "listening in" on some of the sport discussions that go on from time to time. We understand that before his medical school days Joe was a football and basketball per former of quite some color. His venture in business, we are told, was also highly successful but the lure of medicine captivated him end no doubt succoss will crown his efforts. Nanticoke, Pa. Duquesno University West Virginia University Fraternity—Phi Alpha Sigma. Organization—Tyson Pediatric. Internship—Mercy Hospital, Wilkes-Barre. Pa. One hundred ten 1933he Skull HELEN E. ELLIOTT, B.A. LJlSTORY can Have its Helen of Troy: we have our Helen of Binghamton. Durino the first two years she wos the only co-ed in the Class of '33. but what a pace she set for the boys! Her motto from the start seemed to be: "The fe-meil must go through."—aye, and there was no call for volunteers to Red Gulch. Through the years she has carried the sobriquet of the "Kid," and so thoroughly relished it, that we doubt if it will ever be changed. We are proud of our Helen, and she is our Helen, in spite of the earnest advances of a certain, ver- promising. Blockley interne. She goes to the "Jewish" next year but there will be no new fields to conquer; she has managed that great institution now for the past three yeors. Good luck. Kid! Binghamton. New York New York State College for Teachers Sorority—Delta Omoaa. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Jewish Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. JOHN W. EGOVILLE IN ALL the frenzy and garboil of this world's rumina- tions. we are still confronted by one who still in vehement utterings connot become reconciled to a shift to the left. John is usually involved considerably in the discussions made fulminating by his corrosive injoctions of ironic skepticism. Yet in the face of opposition and defeat he still smiles—rather sardonically—but yet ho smiles—what a great heart he must have—we must express our admiration. Despite the fact that a? times faith wanes somewhat ot some of his therapeutic measures—we welcomed the benign infestation of our class by such men of nis calibre—because we learned much and sought more through his channels. Well done. John. Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Organization—"Skull" Staff. Internship—Miscericordie Hospital Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred eleven 1933Ihe Skull OTTO ANDERSON ENGH, B.A. A NO after the flood had subsided and a quarter of a century passed by. Temple Medical School was presented with one of Johnstown's noble sons. Otto Engh. the Scandanavian. To talk of his good work while here at Temple would be a repetition of ■what is already known of his good spirit; but to listen to his undulating rantings on a Steinway is a revelation to Chopin himself—although the neighbors may complain at times. Quiet in mood, mysterious in mien, and assiduous in his application to the books have built a character in Otto which will give him a cardinal place In his ensuing years at Johnstown. Johnstown. Pa. Ohio University Organizations—'Babcock Surgical. Hickey Physiological Tyson Pediatric, Winkelman Neurological Internship—Co'nemaugh Valley Memorial Hospital. Johnstown. Pa. MORRIS E. ETTENGER, B.A. THE fastest wit in the class, that was our Moe. I What Or. Ersner was to the faculty. Morris was to our class. The only difference was that Dr. Ersner has already had his first ear patient. But never fear Moe. those ear patients will come flocking your way. too. as soon as you start practising, and probably, beside an occasional myringotomy, they'll get an earful of your keen wit and humor. Sardonic to the end, but always bright and cheerful to all about him. Moe gained quite a "rep" as an operator on the ear model, but we must caution, don't do too much ear bending, or we shall have a new pathological condition called "witorrhea etten-geri." You have the ear-marks, alright! Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternity Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Winkoiman Neurological. Tyson Pediatric, Hickey Physiological. Internship—Roxborough Memorial Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. One hundred twelve 1933Ihe Skull PAUL RAYMOND EVANS kylOST dll of us have com© in contact and highly appreciated the wit and cheerfulness of this man from the "Dutch' center of Pennsylvania. He has proven to be one of those interesting chaps from the Susquehanna area, humorous and jovial, yet sincere and conscientious in his work—always doing well and influencing others to do the same. The notes he always took so systematically were the envy of every other student, and could be well understood by any who chanced to come in contact with them—a merit in itself. His magnificont talents buoyed up by a logical medical mind makes "Ray" a man upon whom Temple glory will surely fall. His potentiality is yet uncapped. Wo do not doubt his future success. 8est of luck to you and the "wife." Muir, Pa. Penn State Fraternity—Phi Rho Sigma. Societies—Hickey Physiology Socioty. Tyson Pediatric Society. Winkleman Neurological Society. Wright Dermatological Society. Internship—Reading Hospital, Reading. Pa. WILLIAM F. FEARN, B.S. A STUDENT, a scholar, and a gentleman, even to a preference for blondes. His frequent visits to a well-known hospital caused rumors of severe chest pathology, but investigation proved the condition a cardiac weakness which enabled him to look more "Rosalie" upon life. Scholastically, his ability, equanimity, and quiet confidence leave little to be desired. His discussion on obstructive jaundice is a classic well remembered by all who were present on that fateful day. Armed with these qualities, plus his ability to think deeply and clearly, and a steadfast adherence to the highest ideals of medicine, he will go far in his chosen profession, with the good will and high esteem of all who knew him. Berlin, N. J. St. Joseph’s College Fraternity—Omego Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Tyson Pediatric Society. Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—St. Ftancis Hospital, Trenton, N. J. One hundred thirteen 1933Fhe Skull ROSWELL H. FICHTHORN CAY Ross, what is the name of that town you come from? Oh, yes, Manorville—. Well. I guess your cognomen won't look so bad on ono of these birch shingles up your way oscillating majestically on your front gate. Won't the home town folks be proud? My! My! Ross is very well liked everywhere he goes—to say nothing of various affections from Manorville and Chambersburg; the ladies still admire physiques patterned after Apollo. Practicability and common sense lead to success— and Ross holds the reins! Don’t get your feet wet! Manorville, Pa. University of Pittsburgh Organizations—Babcock Surgical Society, Tyson Pediatric Society. Hickey Physiological Society. Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Internship—Western Pennsylvania Hospital, Pittsburgh. Pa. RAYMOND FINE, B.A. DAY, far from being a recluse by nature, was one ' of those boys who lived by the adage: "A still tongue makes a good audienco." While the most boastful of the boys would speak of their interesting episodes. Ray would sit back and listen and think; and at class meetings or other congregations he was the proverbial "Fly in tho ointment. However, by his naive manner and pleasant personality he was well thought of by all of us as is shown by being elected Vice-President of the class. Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania Societies—Hickey Physiological, Wriqht Dermatological. Winkelman Neurological. Vice-President. Senior Class. Fraternity—Phi Lambda Kappa. Activity—Vice-President. Senior Class. Internship—Northern Liberties Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred fourteen 1933The Skull AARON E. FISHMAN, B.A., M.A. COHO, both in stature as well as in character, this square shouldered gentleman from the West (of Philadelphia), was not very long in gaining recognition as quite a doctor. When Dr. Tyson said "Fishman. I'm proud of the way you presented that case in clinic yesterday." he was the cynosure of all. With his quiet unassuming ways. Aaron won the friendship of all the fellows. His smile could always be counted upon, even while smoking some of Frcod-man's pipes. If intelligence and appearance mean anything at all in deciding our future success, and we are sure they mean a great deal, then Aaron's future is bound to be a most satisfying and happy one. Tread lightly, remember Aaron Burr! Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organirations—Winkelmon Neurological, Hickel Physiological. Tyson Pediatric. Internship—Northern Liberties Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. MORRIS S. FLEISCHMAN A HO is that immaculate collar ad walking across ’ " Journal Square, with spats so neat, coat so trim, and a trouser crease that would be the envy of any Bard-Parker edge. Why yeahl that's our own "Chisel." now the eminent Dr. Floischman of Joisy City. Morrie always was a quiet lad. but yet he was outstanding on account of his sartorial perfection. This and the ease with which he seemed to mastor his professional studies always drew sighs of envy from his classmates. But "Palmam qui meruit feret,"—"Honors to he who deserves honors." Shall we say that the Saturday Evening Post was Chisel's weakness, or his passion, but nevertheless it was Chisel’s. Stay off the park benches. University of Pennsylvania Jorsoy City. N. J. University of Pennsylvania Fraternitios—Omega Alpha Tau. Phi Delta Epsilon. Organization—Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Jersey City Medical Center. Jersey City. N. J. One hundred fifteen 1933IhT Skull WILLIAM E. FORD, B.S. kyjUSIC—music everywhere—but where is Bill Ford. with his everlasting smile emanating from beneath his ever so well groomed mustochio! But Bill isn't as scarce os that! Always quiet and modest in his work and scholastic affairs. This little "bin chief" of the A. K. K. house has the rep. of keeping the house in good shape—what shape we know not! Where Bill gets his voluminous supply of joviality mystifies us but this bit of mesmerism will stand him in good stead at the bedside. In him wo find the ideal way to approach those souls unfortunate in heolth, with an assuring smile, a reassuring pat and the characteristics which inspire confidence! Keep your chin up! Now Bethlohom, Pa. Geneva College Fraternity—Alpha Kappa Kappa. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society Inter fraternity Council. Internship—Washington County Hospital, Washington. Pa. W. EDWARD FOY There I was birched, there I was bred There like a little Adam fed From Learning s woeful tree. HROM the land of the golden sunshine and the Everglades came to us this chap, who with his joviality and congenial moods captivated our friendship. Ed has ever held Temple's banner high and has shown his deep interest in the matters which concerned his closs. Ed may not be too interested in the theories which are easily confusiblc. but he does have a wealth of practical experience which will carry him far in the role of a physician. The young ladies will surely miss "Eddy'- when he leaves Philly—but at least they'll have two years of him yet. So long, Ed. St. Augustine. Fla. Villanova College Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society, "Skull" Staff. Internship—Temple University Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. One hundred sixteen 1933Ihe Skull SAMUEL FRANKEL CAM was one of the men of our class from whom w© heard very little throughout our medical course. Some great Dersonage said "Silence is Golden," and another. ' Good goods comes in small packages," and we know that these adequately befit our genial friend. Consistency in scholarship was his objective and Sam certainly gained his end. One striking fact was his companionship with Los Morrison, and the two seemed to do things with fervor. A question arises. "Another Damon and Pythias in our midst." Howevor. with his consistency and silence, Sam is sure to do great things under the Oath of Hippocrates. Hip. hip, hooray! Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organiration—Winkelman Neurological Society. Internship— HERBERT FREED M| IERB" could alwoys be depended upon to ask ■ questions during or after any class. Ho really typified the sincere, conscientious student—eternally curious, always seeking after more knowledge.—and he never rested until he learned the latest views on the subject. As a result one could often hear his staccato, high-pitched voice breaking the silence, with o most startling series of strange medical terms which often were comprehended only by the professor in charge. In addition to being truly erudite in things medical. Herbert possessed a keen sense of humor, good common sense and an agreoable personality. It is no wonder then that, possessing all these qualities, wc foresee a brilliant medical career and achievements of outstanding merit which will place him among the leaders of his profession—and a connoisseur of mustachios! Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Internship—Philadelphia General Hospital. Phila-Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred seventeen 1933Ihe Skull JACOB J. FREEDMAN CHORT in stature but not in brains. Possessing on uncanny ability to absorb what professors have said "Jake" made up for his lack of height. Always in the bullying mood he had Mike Freedman and Pessolano in constant dread. A South Philadelohia lad—he is going to show uptown Philadelphia what medicine is all about while at Northern Liberties Hospital. With aptitude for getting along and having at his command a pleasant smile and on enaaging personality. "Jake' no doubt will succeed. Watch the "birdie." Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania Societies—Hickey Physiological, Wright Dermatologi cal. Fraternities— Theta Alpha Phi, Phi Lambda Kappa. Internship—Northern Liberties Hospital, Philadel- phia. Pa. MEYER FREEDMAN, B.A. VA HAT a man this Meyer person was! He could roll a cigar between his fingers as gracefully as Edward G. Robinson, swing a pipe from his teeth as gracefully as John Barrymore, and when he played ping pong his swing could not be duplicated by Bill Tilden, and as for the faireV sex. well—only the Prince of Wales could compete with Meyer. Yet with all these accomplishments. Meyer has a passion to become a great clinician. And even this came naturally, for before exams Meyer would go to tho movies, ar-d then knock off high grades. He took it all in his stride, easily and comfortably. From such a man we can. with forgiveable certainty, expect great things in the neor future. Watch the bumps! Philadelphia. Pa. University of Pennsylvania Societies—Winkelman Neurological, Hickey Physiological, Tyson Pediatric. Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Internship—Roxborough Memorial Hospita:, Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred eighteen 1933The Skull JOHN J. FREEMAN, B.A., M.A. XA HERE the wheel; of Industry turneth, no grass " ' groweth. Time has borne out the truth of this statement for has it not been so with John—no. not John, the Baptist, but John J. Freeman? We have learned that one of John’s outstanding Post-graduate activities was a one-semester course at Boyle's Thirty Acres. However, we are not omazed to be informed, for, since his stay here, he certainly has puffed things up a bit. Well, it is all off. John. Although the above story contains some incongruities. we can wholeheartedly say wo find in him the ability to make good: a loyal student—a persevering scholar—a true man of science! Good luck. John, on the old sidewalks of New York. Be there whon the whistle blows. John! New York City, N. Y. College of City of New York Columbia University Oxford University Fratornity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society, Tyson Pediatric Society. Winkelman Neurologicol Society, "Skull" Staff. Internship—Brooklyn Jowish Hospital, Brooklyn, N. Y. WILLIAM ABEL FRITZ, B.A. XA ELL. Willie, how do you like it above the Mason " ’ and Dixon Line? By this time you’ve about forgotten the Sunny Southland—they don't have a pediatrics department as we entertain here—especially the babies! So. "Fritzie" boy, we've come to the end of the road and wo see that you have taken a year's stay at Bryn Mawr—Pretty lifzio for Fritzie! Well, old man, keep your boots on—we know that your success is imminent, your storling qualities will see you through—you have the stuff! Stay off the Main Line! Hickory, N. C. University of North Carolina Fraternity—Theta Kappa Psi. Organization—Wrignt Dermatoiogical Society. Internship -Bryn Mawr Hospital, Bryn Mawr, Pa. One hundred nineteen 1933IhI Skull LAWRENCE D. GALLAGHER XA HAT! Another Irishmen. Yes. end from the ’ gateway to the West. Aitoone. Pennsylvania, end weren't wo surprised when he dropped into our midst! No one knew from where, nor how; but we suspect he slid in on his heed, how bout it. Gel? They telk ebout the wiles of women—but whet is it. Gol, the? mekes you so ceptiveting end indispensiblo to the ledies? Do you use the Culbertson system or the Boone method? One cannot help but wonder how so much knowledge can be stored in such a little bundle of Humanity. Altoona has plenty to look forward to— Get back in your cradle! Altoona. Pa. University of Pittsburgh Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. Winkelman Neurological Society, Babcock Surgical Society. "Skull'' Staff. Internship—Altoona Hospital. Altoona. Pa. PHILLIP GERBER, A.B., A.M. DHIL is one of those quiet young men who let their actions speak for them. A good student, a thoughtful friend, and a hard worker. Phil made many friends both among his teachers and his fellow students. In his Freshman year, this handsome fellow won the Histology prize for the best colored drawings. Later, liver function interested this future G.I. man and he assisted in the writing of a paper which later found itself in the A.M.A. Journal. Is it any wondor, therefore, that in wishing Phil farewell we feel that his course on the Sea of Medicine is well charted and that he is headed rapidly in the direction of happiness and success? Got your water-wings? Philadelphia. Pa. University of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Winkelman Neurological. Mills Pediatric, Hickey Physiological. Internship—Jewish Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred twenty 1933HE SkULT FRANCIS WILLIAM GLENN, B.A., B.S. I ET US play a little Sleepy Hollow Tune for our own Sleepy Glenn! This lad is just one of the Mountaineers who has invaded the City of Brotherly Love for the sake of acquiring a medical aspect on the world’s affairs—and how he goes at it! Maybe it's because of his athletic traininq, eh? Well. Glenn, take your internship for another touchdown and no doubt you'll score the necessary points at the State Boards! Temple will surely admire this chap in all respects; he's dependable and judicious in his care of the sick; and last but not least—he'll have no trouble with the T. U. Nurses. Keep off the Sofas! Smithfiold, Pa. West Virginia University Fraternity—Phi Beta Pi. Organizations—Tyson Pediatric. Winkelmen Neurological. Internship—Temple University Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. HARRY GOLDFINE, B.S. SOME are born great, some achieve groatness. and some have it thrust upon them—I But you can tell some of the people some of the time, and some of the people all of the time—but you can tell Harry Goldfine nothing. The machinations of this universe hold no mysteries for our Harry—a veritoble Machiavelli in the field of medicine. Trouble our minds no further. O Loki, for down in our hearts we really and truly hold the deepest affection for this member of our class. He has rendered his services unstintingly to whatever demands that may have been thrust upon him. His modest efforts, his sympathetic attitude and his sincere co-operation stamp him as a true gentleman— a worthy Aesculapian. Lots of luck. Harry—Have a cracker! One hundred twenty-one 1933Ihe Skull LYCURGUS M. GURLEY, B.S. From the depths of 9000“ old Johnstown Where the steel mills blast 0 "heat’ We welcome here a friendly soul— A friend you'd like to meet. Always shined up in his very best From colored suspenders to immaculate vest A chubby smiling meo'ic of no mean physique A match for the strong; a balm for the weak. Smiling and joyous wherever he goes Chuckling and chanting to all that he knows— He's a success before he begins We ll stack all—he always wins. So now we've come to journey’s end— At the rainbow's pot of gold We wish you a wealth of health and cheer— New friendships may you mould. Johnstown, Pa. University of Pittsburgh Fraternity—Delta Tau Delta. Organizations—Babcock Surgical Society. Hickey Physiological Society, President Junior Class. Internship—Conomaugh Valley Memorial Hospital Johnstown, Pa. STANLEY HACKMAN. B.S. DIG HEARTED and generous. A friend of all and enemy of none. H© is always roady to lend a helping hand. To those who know "Stan” more intimately he is quite a "man of affairs." His life has had many experiences. from motorcycling to hunting and fishing. "Stan" was also a famous vocalist in his years at Franklin and Marshall but his interest in medicine prevented him from the furthor study of music. "Stan" is way ahead of most of us in view of the fact he has been married for several years and is one of the few "proud papas" in his class. For the past three summers he has been adding to his practical knowledge by serving a Junior Internship at rhc Norristown State Hospital. Solf-confidence and gentlemanly manner assure a brilliant future for him. Norristown, Pa. Franklin and Marshall Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organization—Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster, F'a. One hundred twenty-two 1933he Skull ■PBS' THOMAS MILES HADDEN, B.S. TOM, T, Miles" to you. is another of them thar 1 hc-men from Smokytown. Pa., and don’t you forget it. Tho most curious guy in school, can't miss a thing, sees all. knows all—no, he don't tell all. Ladies' rnan. That used to be. but he got cured of that pretty suddenly, lately. Them birds from The Erie 8yberry took him in hand and he's an all right fellow. Sportin' man. too—tennis, golf, handball, hearts, bridge, sidecars and whatnot. On the side he's a good student and will knock his hospital for a loop. That is. if the nurses let him alone. Fine guy. this fellow Hadden! Wilkinsburg. Pa. University of Pittsburgh Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations — Hickey Physioloaical, Sophomore Dance Committee. "Skull" Dance Committee. Internship—Pittsburgh General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pa. EVELYN M. HAINES A £LL—Monrootown loses a good citizen—and “ Temple Mod will lose a charming personality. Evelyn has been one of the most pleasant members of our class. Since she is scon to leave us and go down to the "Pearl of the Antilles" to practice medicine.—would that we could tell the folks down there more of this little "femme"! Her pleasant ways and gentleness will gain their utmost respect and San Juan will enter a new ora in medicine: and may we send our best wishes to her future colleague and esposo? Bon Voyage—Senora. Monroeton, Pa. Georgian Court Elmira Cornell Internship Municipal Hospita.. San Juan, Porto Rico. One hundred twenty-three Ihe Skull LEO VINCENT HAND, B.A. I EO the Lion never boasted a greater heart nor a more lasting leadership among his fellows than our own Leo. During our stormy Freshman days with the “Black Prince.'' this hardy Englander was a veritoble gift from Providence in more ways than one. And the following year, the Hickey Society reached its greatest heights under his leadership. A hard worker and an earnest, capable student. Leo went along the rough, rocky road of four years in medical school, taking all his courses in high, and never shifting gears during his quest for the desirod medical education. To a certain, very charming, young lady he is a Hand-some chap, but to us he is "some chap. Hand. The Class of '33 will never forget its Leo. Good luck, old top! Providence. R. I. Brown University Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological (President). Babcock Surgical. Internship—Rhode Island Hospital. Providence. R. I. JOHN F. HARTMAN. Jr., B.S. JACK, one of the prized sons of Allegheny, has been with us during the entire course, so is well known to everyone. Early in the first year, he became one of the outstanding men and the boys recognized his ability and promixe. elected him President of the Sophomore class. At the Taylor Hospital he h done an excellent piece of work and, in addition to his many valuable experiences, he has found that kindness and consideration for each individual patient is far more valuable than the drugs, in many cases. After another year of internship at Erie, Jack expects to locate in Northwestern Pennsylvania, and do general practice. Our best wishes go with him. Philadelphia, Pa. Allegheny Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Babcock Surgical. President, Sophomore year. Internship—St. Vincent's Hospital. Erie. Pa. One hundred twenty-four 1933The Skull KENNETH PHILIP HENDERSON THIS elongated gentleman from across the Dola- war© has been head and shoulders above his class during his four years hero. We wonder if his long legs were designed especially for spanning the swamps of his native state. The rule that big people are good natured applies to him in minutest detail. During the past year he has been holding forth as Junior Interne at the Northwestern Hospital where his experiences have been varied and instructive. He leaves a host of friends at Temple. May success continue to be his, but we hope that he will find his equal somo day. Bridgeton, N. J. Temple Univorsity Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organiiation—Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Atlantic City Hospital. Atlantic City. N. J. C. CHARLES IMPERIALE. B.A. CHARLES the First had his Cromwell; Napoleon, his Waterloo; and the Class of 1933, its Imperiale— Up from the briny shores of Southern Jersey, came this man of fortune—with a wealth of knowledge, a wealth of foresight, a wealth of practical capabilities —but lacking that necessary pituitary substance which lends to the making of the great—wo moan the great in size—but. fortunotely. he received enough to keep him within the limits of visibility. Many will practice the theories they have been taught—many will solve things yet unknown to science, many will bo successful in their field of endeavor, but it is the selected few that will render the helping hand in the time of need—and Charlie is one of these few. Good Fortune, Charlie. Vos you dere, Charlie? Atlantic City, N. J. Univorsity of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Babcock Surgical Society, "Skull" Staff. Internship—Temple University Hospital. Philadel- phia, Pa. One hundred twenty-five 1933Ihe Skull DONALD W. INGHAM, B.S. TAKE of? the hats, gang—Here comes the boss! ' Wo've come to the end of a good trip and this lost year's pilot brought us through the fog in good shape. But during this time the voyage has been sprinkled, with music rendered by Don and his pa! Bill Rudolf—with a few Webster speeches to the class, and with a smile and abundont soothing words to the angry mob. Well done, 8oss. Don. as president of the Senior Class exercised his office ro the advantage of his classmates and despite the precarious position has emerged untarnished. This chap is deportino to the Dutch Stronghold. Lancaster, Pennsylvania, to serve his internship—they have gained a good soldier—a valiant fighter for health. So long, Boss. Schuylervillo. N. Y. Villanova College Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—President (4), Babcock Surgical Society, Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Lancaster General Hospital. Lancaster, Pa. WALTER A. JOHNSON A HEN we assembled for Junior year. Walter was ’ A. W. O. L. Some time later he rolled in trussed up like Reilly's pet goat with a broken mandible. The story he always stuck to was one of an auto accident—tail spin, or something of the sort. But between thee and me. I heor tell he called a traffic cop acromegalic, and the cop knew what it meontl Suave, agreeable and good company—Walt. He has his moments, naturally, and one of them is Greta Garbo [Patriotic loyalty? Of courso!) His inseparable partner in crime was Gurley and they never missed a class in four years. What—never? Well . . . He's going way out to Ohio again—for a long while this time. Well, Walter, if they don't like you Out thoro, come back—we do. Toledo, Ohio Washington and Jefferson Fratornity—Phi Kappa Psi. Organizations -Babcock Surgical Society, Hickey Physiological Society, "Skull" Dance Committee (3). Internship—St. Vincent's Hospital. Toledo. Ohio. One hundred twenty-sixhe Skull JACOB KAUFMAN, B.S. I AUFMAN was originally a young man from Wan batten who followed Greeley's famous advice, and went to Wisconsin. After two yoors ho perceived the error of his ways and came to Temple. His sojourn in the stamping grounds of bears, beers and barrens, although brief, was of great influenco on this virgin intelligence and he returned east thoroughly saturated with Maxims and Maksims. Ho is. at present, after two years under Babcock, Kolmer, et al. a sadder and wiser man. and his pulse, respiration and temper ature are approaching normal. He brings to the profession a keen, analytical mind, and a trained vision, which we are confident will enable him to practice intelligently and after the manner of his great preceptors in this institution. Keep the home Fires burning! Madison, Wisconsin University of Wisconsin Internship—Metropolitan Hospital, New York City. N. Y. JOSEPH S. KONDOR, B.S. THEY say it was at "dear ol" Rutgers" that Joe learned how to get a maximum of work done with a minimum of effort. He is fully convinced that "high tension living" is a factor in all diseases of late life and if one should seek to be o "strong old man" Joe will no doubt advise his favorite prescription— "One nap—P. R. N." From his pursuit of knowledge Joe is quite readily diverted by a "fow good hands" of bridge or some golf—they say he shoots in the 80's—we don't know if that is for 9 or 18 holes. We have little doubt that he will make the most of his Trenton internship. Let's hope so! Trenton, N. J. Rutgers University Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickev Physiological Society Tyson Pediatric Society, "Skull" Staff. Internship—St. Francis Hospiia Trenton, N. J. One hundred twenty-seven ir wrax. 1933Ihe Skull JOSEPH KRISTOFF, B.S. TROM the land of the "black diamonds," cut of the carboniferous nebulae, from the little town of Jessup, emorgcd this youth, seeking the fountain of Aesculapius, a neophyte in the field of medicine, with a face enwreathod in smiles and his auricular appendages beclouded with anthracite. Ho has bathed four years in the mysteries of the human economy and is now offervescinn with knowledge. As you know, Joe and the Sandman are well acquainted. He must have pleasant dreams; would that we could read the human mind. However, in his waking moments. Joe lets no stones unturned. And let us soy of Joe as the artist who describes the trees, his character is full of color, his actions dashed with personality, and his deeds rooted with persever-ence. Heaps o' luck!—Throw out ycr chew! Jessup, Pa. St. Thomas Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Tyson Pediatric Wright Dermatological. Internship—Mercy Hospital. Wilkes-Barre, Pa. PETER KWITEROVICH, B.A. I ISTEN to that dynamo; what o terrific whir— what power there must be in such a prolific machine—no wo re not talking of generators—we're speaking of none other than our own Pete! How one man con exist in such a tumultous state—for days and weeks at a time—wc have been unable to fathom. Ciass meetings no doubt would have fallen flat had it not been for the "Patrick Henry" pleas of our good fellow classman'—even though the placidity of the class was somewhat disrupted for the subsequent weeks. Pete's critical attitude and commanding explosions will probably stand him in good stead with his patients—they'll do what he soys—no doubt—and after all—the success of a physician usually depends on the patient following his orders—good boy! Mt. Carmel, Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Pi Kappa Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society, Wright Dermatological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. "Skull" Staff. Internship—St. Joseph's Hospital. Lancaster. Pa. One hundred twenty-eight 1933Ihe Skull EDWARD JEROME LAVIN, B.A. ARSON DALE'S own little sparkling contribution to Medical Science—Eddie Lavin. from the utmost confines of the black diamond industry! His hometown can well be proud of his achievements; even to the extent of congratulating him in his membership in the "Two Musketeers," of Rogan, Lavin. ond Rogan. Those two hove been as twins, inseparable for years, and as a team they've pulled well together! But now they have come to the parting of ways— to both we give our blessing I Ed nas the understanding and sympathy of a real physician, the initiative to surge ahead, and the ability to instill courage in those who need comfort. On to Sayre! Carbondale, Pa. St. Thomas's College Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Societv Winkel man Neurological Society, Tyson Pediatric Society. Wright Dermatoioqical Society. Internship —Robert Packer Hospital. Sayro, Pa. MORRIS LAVIN. Ph.G. “Great men work with both body and mind." IF THIS proverb be true, and we must agree that it is ’rue. then Morris should be o great man. When not busy studying, he was always busy filling prescriptions in some apothecary shop about town. This work, however, never interfered with his scholastic dutios. which was evidenced by his good recitations, especially in surgory. Unless our prognostication is wrong. Morris should become a surgeon of note. Morris possesses two great assets which we expect will carry him successfully through life, namoly, his power of reasoning, ond his adeptness at making friends. He has always had a smile and a cigar for everyone, and his great interest in life is due to his love for his "Little June."' Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Phi Lambda Kappa. Societies—Wright Dermatologicol. Winkeiman Neurological. Hickey Physiological. Internship—Roxborough Memorial Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred twenty-nine 1933Jhe Skull E. KERN LINDER, B.S. lyERN is one of the "Devil-may-care ' typo of in dividuals. His weaknesses, if any. are driving his Model "1902'' Ford down Broad Street at the rate of 65 miles per hour; beating up drunkards in the Northeastern Dispensary, AND visiting West Philadelphia?? Those of us. who have had the privilege of riding with him in his "chariot" are still receiving treatment for essential hypertension. He is one of the most practical and level-headed of our class. His sense of humor and practical joking will romain with us os pleasant memories. May his "Wim-Wigor ond Witality” never cease. His fondness for youngsters, coupled with memories of o happy childhood, moy yet lead him to pediatrics, where his pleasing manner and his medical keenness will assure him of success. Orwegsburg, Pa. Franklin and Marshall Fraternities—Sigma Pi. Phi Chi. Organization—Hickey Physiological. Intornship—Reading Hospital. Reading. Pa. EDWARD I. LIPSIUS LJARD working, always plugging, Eddie, the pride ' of West Philadelphia, came into Temple Medical School full of ambitions, and eager for knowledge in the fall of 1929, got all he came for and then some. To stop the entire populace with a gaping expression. Eddie went out in the dying days of our Senior year and became a Benedict, just like that, with the same apparent ease he went through with his school work. A more able representative than Eddie could not be found to send out to the Gold Coast, for what the east will lose, the Fresno County Hospital will gain, and we are positive that his dogged determination and will to do will carry him far along in his medicol career. Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Haverford College Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Winkel-man Neurological Society. Intornship—Fresno County Hospital, Fresno, Cal. One hundred thirty 1933he Skull WALTER R. LONG, B.S. THIS disciple of Dr. S. Q. Lapius has the finest and most extensive reserve of Attic wit it has been our privilege and pleasuro to encounter. The day was never so gloomy nor the examination so disastrous as to dampen his fine spirit, and to him the class owes a great debt for preserving its moral tonus during the nightmarish Junior year. Let us mention that he is a fine and profound scholar of the science of medicine, and that he has a very excellent practical knowledge of its art. We acknowledge it an honor and delight to have been associated with him these four years, and we can conceive nothing but fineness and greatness in his future career—as a proponent of many filibusters! Philadelphia. Pa. St. Joseph's College Organizations—Tyson Pediatric Society. Hickey Physiological Society, "Skull" Staff. Internship—St. Mary's Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. GEORGE MAKSIM, Jr. DETERMINATION has carried George, in his quest of knowledge from the "Banks of the Raritan" to the cool lakes of Wisconsin—and finolly into the humidity of Philadelphia. As a student. George has impressed us by his earnestness and consistency. It is evident that he is well grounded in that mid-western thoroughness that will carry him to the solution of many problems in his future endeavors. He also has the ability of approaching and impressing his patients. Consequently tho young "blond doctor" will have no oiffi culty in getting good histories from mothers and daughters and even people who "heor voices." So George, old boy. keep up the good work during your residency in North Jersey. Don't talk in your sleep. Elizabeth, New Jersey Rutgers University Marquette University School of Medicine Organization—Tyson Pediatric. Activity—"Skull" Staff. Internship—St. Elizabeth Hospital. Elizabeth, N. J. One hundred thirty-one 1933 The Skull DANIEL D. MALONEY, B.A. ho is known to many of us. hails from a beautiful mountainous section of West Virginia. He came to us unheralded and it was not long before Dan was known to all and a friend of every one—yes, the girls of Philadelphia will never forget Dangerous Dan! As we all know, West Virginia has been called the "Snake Country," but Dan is not of the snake-charmer type—rather, his character and intelligence are of the best and his sincerity is supreme. Dan in his medical school days has been quiet and reserved: yot, his name shall be irrevocably wound with incidents and contacts which he shared with his multitude of comrades. Come out of the grass! Buckhannan, West Virginia West Virginia University Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Hickey Physiologica Society, Wrigh; Dermatological Society. Internship—St. Vincent’s Hospital, Erie. Pa. ABRAHAM MAPOW, A.B. A BE is that rare vintage of student that mellows with age. You see, during his high school days, he was on athlete and as such he gained his varsity letter thrice. During the Senior year, the oie brown Ford became a part of Abe's armamentarium, and this helped him quite considerably in his guest for more knowledge. The great distinction of Mapow’s was his membership in that everlasting triumvirate of Mcllitz and Myers. Always after each exam they would gather round and argue about tho merits and demerits of the questions, a habit which many tried to break. We predict a great future for Abe, his assiduity will go a long way in the field of internal medicine. It's a long trail! Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Society—Hickey Physiological. Internship—Mt. Sinai Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. One hundred thirty-two 1933The Skull A. HERBERT MARBACH A PERSISTANT worker, williog to give gonorously of his time and labors, Herb spent a good deal of his time either working for the school or in research probloms. At the end of his Sophomore year, and again at the end of his Junior year Herb was a Junior interne, and each time he came back to us with a greater store of knowledge and stories, the stories being whispered into the ears of the sacred few. such as Nelowet and Gerber. Herb is an old newspaper man, and when he was appointed as one of the literajv editors of the "Skull" it was only in recognition of his innate .‘alont. He hopes some day to be an accoucher, and if that be his will. Good Luck! Philadelphia, Pa. Villanova College Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Societies—Winkelman Neurological, Tyson Pediatric. Hickey Physiological. Literary Editor of the "Skull." Internship—Philadelphia General Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. CLIFFORD BUIZILLA MATTHEWS A HO IS this mysterious personage that comes into doss at dawn and leaves again at sundown— Have Dr. J.ekyl and Mr. Hyde been revived?—or have we been deceived? Yes, dear reader, it is none other than our erstwhile colleogue, Buizilla! Snappy, serious, and unceremonious—yet his mien does not discourage the development of friendliness. Cliff has resigned himself to the profession—and we can truthfully say that he is bristling with knowledge. Napoleonic in stature and Napoleonic in attitude. In reference to his life work—and may he never see a Waterloo—Toodle Loo. Trenton, N. J. Hahnemann Medical College Organizations—Hickey Physiological Wright Dermoto-logical, Winkelman Neurological. Internship—St. Francis Hospital, Trenton. N. J. One hundred thirty-three 1933Fhe Skull CHARLES H. McDEVITT, Jr. Down from good old Lehigh To good old Phil.ly town There came this lad, so young, so glad— To study here beside his dad! He learned to work, to treat the ill— To help them live, and with his skill 3rought them life, ain't that a thrill! But here we are. at parting's ways— We've never seen much better days— 8ut now we part and in our heart— To be like Mac. We'll say it pays! We wish him luck—with all his pluck He'll get along O. K. He's got the stuff—and thats enough— What is there more to say? Philadelphia, Pa. Lehigh University Fraternity—Alpha Mu Pi Omega. Organizations—Babcock Surgical Society. Hickey Physiological Society, "Skull" Dance Committee (3). Internship—Chestnut Hill Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. LEWIS MIDDLETON McKEE k AC" came to our midst in the Junior year from the University of North Carolina, and shortly had won a host of friends, becoming one of the most popular boys of the class. With his quick wit, blithe spirit and pleasing Southern personality, he makes life more pleasant for all with whom he comes in contact. He is the type of chap one is pleased to have around under any circumstances, one whose friendship is hiahly valued. With his academic and practical medical knowledge. clear thinking and abundance of versatility, he loaves no doubt in the minds of his classmates as to his success in his chosen field and credit to his profession. Yo' all sho' can do it, mah boy! Durham, North Carolina University of North Carolina Fraternity—Alpha Kappa Kappa. Organization—Tyson Pediatric Society. Internship—Watt's Hospital, Durham, N. C. One hundred thirty-fourhe Skull DAVID I. MELLITZ, B.A. THAT good-natured chap with a cigarotte between his lips is Devey Mcllitz. Broad shoulders must have someone to recline on them, and in this case we find none other than 'Unchy" Myers finding solace in the heated denunciations of Dave about the unfairness of this or that examination. Honest, between the two or them they have a perfect P. M. rocord as far as exams go. Besides his weakness for the "butts." Dave loved to go to dances, and we thinlc he has the distinction of never having missed a class or fraternity function throughout his stay at medical school. A true social lion for whom wo predict an auspicious practice of medicino. Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Winkelman Neurological Society, Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Chester Hospital, Chester. Pa. DANIEL MENZA r ANlEL of the Lions Den sought for rightoousness; Daniol Boone hunted for bears; Daniel Webster hunted for words, but our Daniel looks for none of these worldly goods, he searches only for Aschoff bodies! Already our Don has added to the medical vocabulary a new phrase—"on ejaculatory delivery," but ho has taught us more, that even a little man can chew "Five Brothers" and get away with itl Dan. too, has his avocation.—just think, girls, it's tripping the "light fantastic ! And boy, does he shake a wicked hoof I Despite certain eccentricities, Dan is a likeable chap and we admire his stick-to-it-iveness. Sincerity in purpose honesty in his opinions, and thoroughness in investigating the truth—bespeak a fruitful future for Danny. Pox Vobiscum. Altoona, Pa. University of Pittsburgh Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Socieiy, Tyson Pediatric Society, Wright Dermatological Society. Internship—Altoona Hospital, Altoona. Pa. One hundred thirty-five 1933 The Skull THEODORE R. MILLER Here's to Teddy Miller, we'll chant a little rhyme Tho' I'm not a Schiller, I'll toll you of his climb! He's always been so busy and alert— To compare our marks, I'll say it hurt— But alas—he's also human! To build a notebook was his pride— A medal for his busy hide! He worked by day. he worked by night— To rid the humans of a blight But to this lad we'll give a cheer, To port with him—we shed a tear— But who knows—it's for the best— It may mean medals for his chest— So, good luck, good cheer, good-bye Keep your aims forever high. Prosit! Drexel Hill, Pa. Swarthmore, Yale Organization—Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Hackensack Hospital, Hackensack. N. J. MACK E. MOORE. A.B. LJERE in our midst of the descendants of Hippoc-1 1 rotes we have "Mack," a quiet, unassuming individual. a man respected by everyone. He has been an asset to our class with his quiet, friendly manner, his remote sense of humor, and his inherent wit. "Mack" is not the tyoo to worry about, judging from the grades he received throughout the four years we have known him. He is a staunch and loyal friond. His oopularity and magnetic personality will bring him success whenever he goes. We are certain the same confidence that "Mack" has inspired in us. will be impressed on his patients. Of his success we have no doubt. Good luck to you. "Mack." Look out for the truck! Seaman, Ohio Miami University Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. Internship—Akron City Hospital, Akron, Ohio. One hundred thirty-six 1933Fhe Skull WILLIAM A. MORGAN, B.S. I ITTLE has boon hoard of him since his Freshman " year, by word of mouth, but in his Junior year Bill blossomed forth with the prize in Rhinolaryn-qology. This speaks well for the old adage, "Silence is Golden." With reverence, Bill looked up to his ever-present partner (bridge included), Sol Pcrchonock. When one looked for Bill one found Sol and so it was throughout the four years in Temple's Halls. But we wonder—why did Bill always take the 8road Street Bus all alone? With the demure one’s voluble spurts on dermatology at the Jowish Hospital, we wonder will that be his specialty? Be that as it may. we wish him good luck and God-speed.—Slide. Kelly, slide! Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternities—Theta Omega P$i. Phi Delta Epsilon. Organization—Wlnkelman Neurological Society. Internship—Mr. Sinai Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. LESTER MORRISON I ESTER often sounded very impressive as he drawled forth, in "immaculately" correct English sentences, replies to professional queries. His slight English accent would lend almost a literary color to even the most prosaic of recitations, as, for example, the diagnosis is made one day in a dermatological conference, in the form of a short dissertation on "primary acne" and "secondary lues”—a classic of description, in its day. Lester was a good student, and in addition found time to satisfy the artistic and cultural needs of a well educated gentleman by indulging in matters musical as well as literory. Lester combines the qualities of a student and a cultured gentleman. There is no doubt, that with such invaluable osssets, he will easily make for himself an enviable record in the practice of medicine. Philadelphia, Pa. McGill University Temple University Internship—Delaware Hospital, Wilmington. Del. One hundred thirty-seven 1933he Skull ROLAND SUMNER MURT A EST PALM BEACH—well, we can at least say— "a Southerner knows a good school when he sees one." even though he has to wade through the swamps to get there. Murt has always been a prominent figure in our midst. Probably the love for tho great outdoors and his wanderlust hove given him his pleasant ways of action and expression which he has so excellently exercised with us—and not to forgot the feminine Creatures—where that trait reaches its perfection. Liberal and outspoken in thought, sincere in purpose—tolerant with all—these make the man. Do your duty—Murt. West Palm Boach, Florida Pennsylvania State Organization—Babcock Surgical. Internship—York Hospital York, Pa. ABRAHAM MYERS, B.A. EVERYTHING comes to he who woits and Abo “ waited just long enough. A high pressure student from tho word go, Abe started cut in his Freshman year ike a cross-country runner, and wound up in the same manner, garnering several honors along the way. "Unch" was one upright mortal who was indefatigable when it came to work. Where this slight frame got the capacity for the labors assigned to him will remain a mystery, for it surely seemed that he was a human dynamo, and so we hope that in the practice of medicine Abe will again prove the Hercules and become one of the leaders of the profession. Grit your teeth! Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Babcock Surgical, Hickey Physiological, Winkolman Neurological. Internship—Temple University Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. One hundrod thirty-eight 1933[he Skull ERWIN J. NELOWET, A.B. HRWIN was one of ihe real personality men of the class, and to say the least, one of the most practical men of the contingent. In fact, the man's true worth was ably demonstrated during our final two years in medical school when we were able to see that Erwin's hands were capable of doing what his mind was taught to do. "Neil" know what it meant not to carry excess baggoge. for he surely had the knack of knowing what to study and what not to study. He had a keen sense of values, and o good quoliiy known as persistence. With Obs. as his forte, we feel sure he will spend "Timo and More Time" making himself the acme of perfection in his chosen field. Have a Murad! Norristown, Pa. West Virginia Univorsity Fraternities—Pi Lambda Phi, Phi Delta Epsilon. Societies—Winkolman Neurological. Tyson Pediatric. Hickey Physiological. Internship—Montgomery County Hospital, Norristown. Pa. NATHAN PASTOR DENEATH a scholarly visago that bespeaks the erudition his colleagues have learned to anticipate, there lurks the glowing, flushed countenance of the masterful iover; and in juxtaposition to his manly chest which has so successfully warded off the professors' pert questions, palpitates a "Cor Divinum," a vortex of emotion, a seething torrent of sweet nothings. His focility for utilizing that inherent quality, "common sense" has brought him to the fore both scholastically and socially and in combination with his undoubted ability os a "mixer." particularly in "mixing everything with a little brains." leavos no doubt as to prognosis. He did not need to be bom in 8oston, nor to have greatness thrust upon him, for suroly he will achieve it. When in doubt, pasteurize! Philadelphia, Pa. Temple Univorsity Organization—Wright Dermatological Society. Internship—Northeastern Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. One hundred ihirty-nine 1933Ihe Skull AUGUSTIN PEALE, B.A. A N OTHER great example of the man who never hurries. Gus always seemed to be there—seldom if every tardy: yet you never saw him run. And we are quite willing to wager that you never saw him really lose his temper. If one were looking for an exemplification of the Serene Soul. Gooz would qualify quicker than anyone in the class. And while we are about it. we might also tack "student" to the above qualities. "Study last night, Gus?" A slow smile, a soft voice answered. "Well, I looked it over." (Which means that he knew it cold). You know, wo hove all heard a few things about each other during the past four years—Yet never a word of Gus that was anything but complimentary. He's a gentlemon and, yossuh, we mean it. Skoal: Philadelphia. Pa. St. Joseph's College Organization—Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—St. Mary's Hospital, Philadelphia. Pa. SOLOMON PERCHONOCK QOL commands both the respect and the affection of his follow-students, the former for his practical knowledge of medicine, the latter for his fine personality. His foremost quality is o philosophic calm. He has no bombast, he does not strive after effect; he can speak with authority on many subjects without raising his voice. Nor can he be said to be of quick mind, but then, quickness is among the least of the mind's properties: the mad often retain it. education does not give it. and reflection takes away from it. We prophecy a successful career for Sol—Adios! Restrain your wives! Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Internship- -Frankford Hospital, Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred forty 1933The Skull LOUIS C. PESSOLANO, B.S. X ILLANOVA misses him. Shikat misses him and ” Temple will soon be without him, but ho will live forever in memory's warehouse of unforgettable personages. Who will forget his buzzing imitations of motor boats and aircraft which mythically pervaded the classroom? At times the buzzing and low hum of the motordrone could be heard emanoting from his vicinity, much to the amusement of his colleagues. But there is one thing we want to get straight, Lou—. have you convinced Gruskin of the feasibility of your Cancer Theory? By the way, how about letting us in on this theory business! But without jest, some day you may enlighten the world on th© matter—we expect big things of you, Lou! New Kensington, Pa. Villanova College Fraternity—Phi Chi Organizations—Business Manager of the "Skull." Internship—Montgomery Hospital. Norristown, Pa. GEORGE STANLEY PETERS, A.B. HEMEMBER back in Freshman year? Remember ' George making the door in nothing flat when a quiz was announced (or even rumored)? His pet phobia—exams, will bother him only once more and we feel quite sure he will be equal to the task. The odd part of it all was that he breezes through them in spite of his worry. But of late he seems to have realised that "today is the tomorrow we worried about yesterday" and is becoming a changed man. We liked him because of his earnestness. Simple and direct—not a seeker of the spotlight and a man v o know who will make a d----- good doctor. Bon voyage! Cleveland. Ohio Ohio Wesleyan University Fraternity—Phi Delta Theta. Organizations—Hickey Physiological, Winkelman Neurological. Wright Dermatological. Internship—St. Alexis Hospital, Cleveland. Ohio. One hundred forty-one 1933he Skull JOHN WESLEY PLOWMAN, B.S. |N THE first hectic days of the Freshman year when everyone is seeking to form new friendships, the man with tho ready smile and glib of tongue is often accepted uncriticolly. One whose friendship is still sought and valued after four years of close association •s surely well endowed. Such a man is Wes Plowman. Wes has the happy faculty of grasping things easily. Not only is he a good theorist, but ho has proved himself to be practical in his clinical work. Theso qualities augur well for a successful medical career—and a one-way ticket to New York! Harrisburg. Pa. Franklin and Marshall College Fratornity—Phi Kappa Sigma, Phi Chi. Organizations—Wright Dermatological. Tyson Ped iatric. Hickey Physiological. Internship—Harrisburg General Hospital, Harrisburg. JAMES EDWIN PUGH 1 CD" OR "Jep." the versatile of versatile, omong the leadors and one of the popular members of our class. We find him busily engaged during his Senior year at Taylor Hospital practicing the art as woll as the science of medicino. His humor, intelligence, and engaging personality coupled with his musical ability and "sang froid" have made him extromoly popular with both sexes. His scholostic diligence has been exceeded only by his love and ability to recount humorous stories. The final proof of his ability is the signal honor of being the first Temple student to bo accepted for internship of the Pennsylvania Graduate Hospital. We are confidently lookinq forward to hfs long and brilliant medical career. Judging from his post record and personal qualifications: providing he does not die from apoplexy at an early oge during some University athletic contest. Port Deposit. Maryland Tomple University Fraternities—Blue Key. Sigma Chi. Phi Chi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological (Treasurer) Babcock Surgical (Secretary and Vice-Pres.dent). Internship—Graduate Hospital University of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Pa. One hundred forty-two IIhe Skull DANIEL PUTIGNANO, B.S. XA OULD that we could read the handwriting on the wall, or gaze into that famous crystal ball— and decipher what the future holds for this Brooklyn lad. but we certainly know much of his present activities! No one can sell Dan a "rete peg" or a fallopian tube—but why does he pick on blind dates? Say, Dan, just where do you go on these frosty evenings—O. B. cases, eh? Just so you stay within the realm of medicine! May you. in your meanaerings in this labyrinth of medical science, emburnish your name indelibly upon the walls of Aesculepien fame. Thoro is no tampering with the truth when we soy—He shall render to suffering humanity the glow of health, the hope of life, and the delight of living. Back to Manhattan! Brooklyn, New York Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. St. John’s College Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. Winkelmao Neurological Society, Wright Dermatological Society, ■‘Skull'" Staff, Internship—Harlem Hospital, New York City. CARL REICHWEIN OUT of the dim and unknown past, was thrust upon us one Carl Reichwcin—God's own little ray of sunshine. Getting all dressed up is one of Carl's extra curricular activities—Who is it. Carl—Greta Garbo? Oh no. you can't fool us. we tank she go home! Or may we suggest a possible rendevouz at St. Joe's? Tread softly, me led—Three queens may be a strong hand—but beware of the Kings. We can truly say that Carl will never be a biotch on the family escutcheon. He came, he saw. he conquered. and we know that when he reaches that final judgment day, it will be truthfully said. "Well done, thou good ond faithful servant." Sound your Klaxon! ! Ashland. Pa. Villanova College Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society, Treasurer of Class, Junior Year. Internship—Easton Hospital. Easton Pa. One hundred forty-three 1933The SkUll KENNETH G. REINHEIMER, B.S M HUTCH" arrived at Temple hailed as a great student. To those who know him intimately he has proven to be more than that. He has continued his studious ways always standing near the top of the roll, but has found plenty of time to enter numerous activities and to be a loader in this field also. Freshman year found him a class officer; Sophomore year, chairman of the class dance: Junior year, an officor of the Robertson Honororv Society; Senior year a leader of the Interfraternity Council. His record to date is perfect; his future insured because he is one of those individuals with rare ability in combining an extensive textbook knowledge with the knack of applying this clinically. We expect great things from him at Allentown and later in his home town of Lehighton. Lehighton, Pa. Bucknell University Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Babcock Surgical Society, Inte'frater-nity Council. Internship—Allentown General Hospital, Allentown. Pa. ADOLPH F. REITER, Ph.G., B.S. A E SHALL always think of Adolph as that earnest. ’ ’ austere gentleman who had little to soy but had much to do. And that he completed everything os-signed to him. and all that he assigned to himself, goes without saying for "A.” as he was gingorly called, was one of the most popular men of the class. To mention a little personal matter about "A." it seems Adolph had his mind set on being a medico, and even after a lapse of ten years as a pharmacist, he has now completed a childhood assignment, that of being a disciple of Aesculapius. To say that such a personality will do much in the profession is needless, for he bears the true brand of Hippocrates—show your seers! McKeesport. Pa. University of Pittsburgh University of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations -Winkelman Neurologicol, Hickey Physiological. Babcock Surgical. One hundred forty-four 1933"The Skull WALTER J. ROGAN, B.S. XA H.EN my eyes shall be turned to behold for the ” last time the sun in heaven, may I not see you standing on the broken and disrupted fragments of a once glorious coal mine—because the coal mines made the Coal Region—and the Coal Region, our "Rogie"! Here's the gentleman who is most intimately known to the professors and keeps them spellbound by his vocal anaesthesia—but "a man's a man for all that." Sy his determination of do or die, he has attained an enviable record during his four years' stay with us. We foresee a brilliant future for this young medico. Tip your hat! Carbondale, Pa. St. Thomas College Fraternity —Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Winkelman Neurological, Tyson Pediat rics. Wright Dermatological, Hickey Physiological Society. Internship—Montgomery General Hospital Norris town. Pa. PETER W. ROMANOW A E CAN look forward to that last name being ' attached to new medical terms ond now entities —will there be a new Romanowsky Stain? Here’s a lad that makes hay whilo the sun shines—to say nothing of what happens when the moonbeams make their bow. This classmate, in spite of paling around with another colleague who is eternally in the somnolent mood, has not acquired a sleepy disposition but rather is alert, wide awake and ready for action at all times. Although we cannot account for Ids disappearances— we figure he may bo building up a future practice in these moments. But don't forget, Pete—"When in doubt," Doctor Roxby will be standing by—Don't swallow that chew! Philadelphia, Pa. St. Thomas' College Fraternity—Omega Upsilon Phi. Organizations—Wright Dermatological. Tyson Pediatric, Hickey Physiological. Internship—Northeastern General Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa. One hundred forty-five 1933Ihe Skull ABRAHAM J. ROSENFELD. B.S. A PSYCHIATRIC diagnosis, given with the acumen of a Bochro.ch or Streckor, certainly gave a solid reputation to A. J. at the Jewish Hospital during his section work there. But there is no doubt that Abe will excel in any subject he decides to major in, for the fates are kind to those who work willingly. A condition called "studentitis" troubled Abe during the Freshman year, such a condition being described by many as. "a suffering of all known diseases by the Freshman. It took a whole year to Cure the "Brick top" of these ailments but now that it's all over, we wish him many years of healthy life— for the benefit of suffering humanity. Cheerio A. J., you’ll need it! Philadelphia. Pa. University of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Winkelma-. Neurological Hickey Physiological. Internship—Jewish Hospital, Philadelphia. CHARLES ROSENFELD INTRODUCING the "lote" Dr. Rosenfeid. ladeez and gentulmen! (We arc referring not to his demise, but to his penchant for strolling into school two minutes past nine, bearing his coat over his arm. and grinning from ear to ear). Let it not be thought, however, that his chronic lateness was without just cause. Charley literally worked his way through medical school. He worked at night for Uncle Sam—and many, and many a night he slept only two or three hours. Let us pay a tribute to such singleness of purpose, and unfaltering ambition as that of Charles Rosenfeid—whom we are indeed proud to know end call our friend. Take oft your hat! Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Phi Lambda Kappa. Societies—Hickey Physiological. Wright Dermatological. Activities—President, Wright Dermatological, 'Skull" Staff. Internship—Mt. Sinai Hospital, Philadelphia, P'a. One hundred forty-six 1933"The Skull WILLIAM RUDOLPH, B.S. A BOUT the only man wo over knew who could take a little kidding concerning his falling hirsute embellishment. Willie could take it and, when occa sion arose, could also give it. He came daily from "way out thar," slightly out of breath ond muttering maledictions on the maker of antique Lizzies. Will's pet died during Junior year, and it seemed to lift a load from his harassed soul. A lover of Syncopation (did you ever hear the Ing-ham-Rudolph duet?), a man of great possibilities and one of those people you like to know. And. ah. by the bye. have you ever seen Agnes? If so, you'll know where Bill did his homework. Salute, Bill! Bywood. Upper Darby, Pa. Villanova Organizations—Hickey Physiological. Skull Staff. Internship—St. Agnes Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. EUGENE A. RUSHIN, B.S. nROM the anthracite region there came to us another gentleman called "Gene," or was it "Jester," who aspired to conduct himself in a "Victorian" manner. When there is babbling of tongue and childish pranks ofoot. anyone can guess that Rushin is in the immediate vicinity—thus, can wo help but predict that he will be o successful Pediatrician? But we say in unison, Gene has the rare practical ability; the investigation, scrutiny ond the untiring mellow characteristics—conducive to a successful career. Thus, he will go forward woll stoepod in things medical and shall proceed unhampered into the reolm of fame. Don't boil over! Nanticoke, Pa. Penn State Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society, Tyson Pediatric Society. Internship—Mercv Hospital, Wilkes-Barre, Pa. One hundred forty-seven 1933The Skull M. HARRISS SAMITZ HERE ho is, folks—the essence of cheer, the spirit of vivacity, and the soul of generosity, all in one. Maury always was a sort of tonic, to be prescribed at examination time in large doses—to rouse us out of tho pre-examination doldrums. One glance at Murray's smiling face, and we went into the Room of Horrors (316) quite fearlessly. But behind this young medico's smiling exterior lies a keen brain and a heart of gold. We can recall but one incident, however, that we regret most deeply: that is. when this Sasanovan gentleman deserted the fair sex for good and all, and took unto himself a fiancee. Lots of luck. Maury, but what will the remaining females do now that you're a Benedict? Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Alpha Gamma. Phi Lambda Kappa. Organizations—Wright Dermatological Society Hickey Physiological. Skull Staff. Danco Committee (Freshman and Skull). Internship—Mt. Sinai Hospital. Philadelphia. Pa. ABRAHAM B. SAND, B.A. QHEPHERD plaid ties he woro. ond truly ho was a shepherd, for Abe lod us out of our social difficulties whenever they arose, with the ever present ticket for this or that dance. And, boy. how often he produced those tickets. But, really, aside from his adeptness at being a host. Abe really was one of the swell fellows of the class. A bit perky, a bit fidgety at times, but always calm, cool and collected when having a little private squabble with his pa! and colleague, Rube Schwartz: and always able to smile, when his partner trumped his ace. These inheront qualities certainly will aid him in becoming a top-notcher in the Field of medicine. We hope he doesn't use the Culbertson System. Philadelphia. Pa. Temple University Fraternity—PTii Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Tyson Pediatric. Internship—St. Agnes Hospital. Philadelphia, Pa. One hundred forty-eight 1933The Skull FRANCIS SANDERS. B.A. CRANCIS can be remembered as the boy who was always seen with Henderson—the contrast in height will always be a reminder of both, who have been inseparable since their pre-medical days at the Temple Undergraduate School. Sanders has always been willing to help out in important matters, which fact we can prove by his earnest efforts in that very difficult office of "Treasurer of our class" which he held during our Sophomore year. Francis is a very serious student and retains all the knowledge handed to him by our professors. We certainly wish him well! Stay out of the subways! Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organization—Hickey Physiological. Internship—Chester Hospital. Chester, Pa. REUBEN SCHWARTZ. B.S. CONFIDENCE men are known the world over, but the real confidence man is known to Temple University Medical School os Rube Schwartz. One thing about this man, he knew he could o’o things, and onother thing, he actually did them. Rube really was effervescent confidence, he fairly bubbled over with it. He was tyrannical in his convictions, and yet knew his limitations. These all went into the make-up of Rube, The Mighty. At the end of his Junior year, to show his fellow classmates that he meant to be a clinician of note. Rube graced the portals of the Allentown Gonerel Hospital, and gave them the latest in the knowledge of medicine. A man so imbued with his own convictions as Rube is certainly will mako a success as a physician. Here's luck, Rube, old boy. Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Fraternity—Phi Delta Epsilon. Organizations—Winkelman Neurological, Hickey Physiological Societies. One hundred forty-nine 1933IhI Skull EMIL SPOSATO, B.A. DUCKNELl sent him to us but he came not alone— he brought with him one of this institution's fair daughters and made her his life’s partner. Just as he is sorious in love, so he is serious in all his work, sincere in attitude, determined in purpose and earnest in performance of his tasks. “Spo" is the typo of fellow you like to know, the kind of a lad you are glad to call a friend and the sort of a chap you are happy to trust. These attributes are outstanding in his personal make-up and. in the future, will attract many to his side for advice—medical or otherwise. Dormont. Pittsburgh, Pa. Bucknell College Fraternity—Theta Upsilon Omega. Organizations—Hickey Physiological. Wright Dermatological. Tyson Pediatric. Internship—Washington Hospital, Washington. Pa. FRANK SCIPIONE STORACI, B.S. Here’s to Terry McGovern— Sort o'Dcmpsoy in his way— Who was a master at his game In his immortal day. But bygones are bygones— He's left that game for good— He'll make a darn good medic— His traits have proved he would. So lets lift a stein to Terry boy And wish him luck and cheer To help the frail, to sooth the ill— Their lives in health to steer. Success will be an open door Thru which he'll surely walk And of his joyful helpfulness The world will surely talk. Trenton, N. J. Bucknell University Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society, Winkel-man Neurological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. Internship—St. Francis Hospital, Trenton. N. J. One hundred fifty 1933Ihe Skull CLARE ANDREW TRUEBLOOD, B.S. 11 C PEAK softly, and carry a big stick"—he speaks softly but as yet wo haven't spied the big stick. This bit of still water runs so deep that we can't hear the ripples on the surface—but anyhow—isn’t that different? Clare, in his four years here, has the reputation of yet to have on argument with anyone, lasting over two minutes. Clare has worked incessantly to increaso his medicc1 capacity and sin duda we can say that he typifies a type of successful physician who soys little and does much! Don't fall asleep! Indianola, Iowa Guilford College Organizations — Winkelman Neurological Socioty. Hickey Physiological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. Internship—Iowa Methodist Hospital. Des Moines. Iowa. ANTHONY J. TURTZO THIS immaculate, clean-cut fellow came to us from Penn State, of which he is a loyal rooter—displaying it if necessary with the roar of o true Nittany Lion. He is a splendid fellow, a persevering student and has the faculty of being a good sportsman and a congenial companion. But truly. Turtz. how did you ever get away from the slate belt ond the arms of dear old "Monny"? We often wondered why you made so many week-end trips up to Bangor and why you remained in Philadelphia on certain other week-ends—but finally wo learned there was a very definite reason. However, Turtz's gentlemanly character, his earnest attitude and his magnetic individuality bespeak a long, useful and successful career. Bon Voyage! Bangor, Pa. Penn State Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society, Tyson Pediatric Society, Wright Dermatological Society. ''Skuir Staff. Internship—Easton Hospital. Easton, Pa. One hundred fifty-one 1933The Skull EARL STANLEY VOLLMER, B.S. If we were to build a monument To a man of sterling worth We'd build a gold pagoda To this lad of mighty mirth. He just loves pediatrics On the roof-garden overhead They say he likes the babies— I think it's someone else instead. But we have not the sculptor's hand Nor the artists golden quill— To tell you what we might Would give you all a thrill. But lost we chide too long— We ll don our daily mask— He's snappy, efficient, courageous. What more can the public ask? Philadelphia, Pa. University of Pennsylvania Fraternity—Alpha Kappa Kappa. Organizations—Wright Dermatological, Advertising Manager of "Skull." Internship Abington Memorial Hospital. Abington, Pa. JAMES ALLEN WHITAKER From the Sunnv Southland To good old Schuylkill's shores Came this rustic rebel And Temple swung its doors. So quiet, and witty in his way— His lingo was divine— Ask the nurses—that's what they say— He musta hadda line! But aloof with all this banter And on his heao. let's place a crown While on life's highway in slow canter On poor health and disease he'll frown. But the day belongs to "Whit"— We'll put it in his hands— He'll give joy as he sees fit May good fortune be this man's. Zcbulon, N. C. University of North Carolina Fratornitics—Phi Delta Theta. Phi Chi. Internship—Chestnut Hill Hospital. Philadelohia, Pa. One hundred fifty.two 1933The SkUll CLARENCE WILLIS. Ph.G., B.S. DUILT exclusively for the medical profession, suave, debonair, nonchalant and of portly frame, our own platinum blonde symbolizes idealism of thought, manner and action in the art of medicine. Inveigled from the land of pill rollers, he gained immediate popularity, not only by his keen wittism, but again when therapeutic knowledge was in the offing; and nearby seats were held at a premium. Few dared to question his profound dictum in the action and uses of drugs. He received early recognition in Freshman year os one of the four horsemen, for his timely satiable interventions and again in solving tho mystery of the stolen organs. With a corpus callosum of enviable calibre, of authoritative approach and high ethical standards, we do not hesitate to predict his early success. Swedesboro, New Jersey Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science University of Pittsburgh Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organization—Hickey Physiological. Internship—Sr. Joseph's Hospital. Pittsburgh. Pa. WILFRED H. WINEY XA INEY came to us from Conemaugh Valley, of ™ which fact he is very proud, always ready to defend the splendid opportunities which Johnstown has to offer, especially since the fall of 1932 when ho began to look at life from a double angle. Winey is a very fine friend to hove and it is a pleasure to have him as a classmate because of his pleasant disposition and always helping hand. He has a smiie for everybody and we know that he cannot fail to be a great success in tho medical profession because of his fine attitude and practice: ability—if he stays awav from choir girls! Scottdale. Pa. University of Pittsburgh Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Bobcock Surgical. Winkelman Neurological. Tyson Pediatric. Hickey Physiological, Wright Dermatological. Internship -Lancaster General Hospital, Lancaster. Pa. One hundred fifty-three 1933Ihe Skull BENJAMIN WORO, A.B. klO SINNER and no saint—but the vory best of fellows. Association with men of Ben's calibre is what makes school-day memories so dear to our hearts. Most characteristic of Ben was his inhorent knowledge —this was supplemented by those sterling qualities of joviality, unselfishness and the ability to play a good hand of pinochle. If singular incidents spell the origination of reputations. then Ben's reputation as a future obstetrician !s a certainty. We had the pleasure of observing Ben conduct his first delivery. He was a proficient accoucheur when on Ob. service. Because of Ben’s ability to assimilate and make best use of his knowledge plus his sympathetic nature, wo can prophecy only success and eminent heights for his future. Philadelphia, Pa. University of Ponnsylvonia Fraternity—Phi Lambda Kappa. Societies—Hickey Physiological Wright Dermatological. Internship—Pittston Hospital. Pittston. Pa. CHARLES HARRY YEUTTER SILENCE is the absence of sound, noise, motion, and designating secrecy, oblivion ond the cessation of activity. Yet, here is this chap wc have the refutation of this statement—yes. there is silence, but there is activity, motion and a veritable explosion of power— but all is done silently. Charlie seldom added to what his colleagues had to say—not because he couldn’t—but because he wished to listen. What a charming hobby—listening! Charlie's opinions when given were well thought of and were expressed in the same silent manner by which he qoverned himself. He surely will command the respect of all his pat’-ents with so pleasinq an ear and so omnipotent a silence. Do you know Dr. Jekyl and Mr. Hyde? Philadelphia, Pa. Temple University Organizations—Hickey Physiological Society. Wright Dermatological Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. Internship—Frankford Hospital Philadelphia. Pa. One hundred fifty-four 1933Fhe Skull PETER ZEMO DETE came to us from the University of Pittsburgh 1 in our Freshman year with a big brood smile ond a hearty lough. He has worked hard both in and our of class—the latter proved by the loss of several partitions at the Phi Chi house. Pete has been gifted with a keen mind and an observant attitude which was shown in his clinical analysis of his patients. There is no doubt about his future success in Medicine bocause of his ability and a certain "Ann" who will urge him along in the right pathway of success, besides assisting him in that "not clearly understood" branch of medicine—"Physical Therapy." A very fortunate gentlemon indeed! Get on your steed! Uniontown, Pa. Waynesburg, University of Pittsburgh Fraternity—Phi Chi. Organizations—Hickey Physioloaical Society. Tyson Pediatric Society. "Skull" Staff. Internship—Harrisburg Polyclinic Hospital, Harrisburg. Pa. JONATHAN ZOOLE, B.S. SKILLED in the arts, except that of love, for being ever the true friend, he has left this to Nathan Pastor. Past-Master, he has given most generously of himself to endow this book with the fervor, beauty and ardor of impassioned art and engraved design. For the lock of physical stature that he may bemoan, he has been compensated by a lofty mental capacity, etc., etc. Standing out among bis propensities is a mordant sense of humor and a devastating wit. It is on his suggestion that wo sholl list the 3oston Baked Bean in our therapeutic armamentarium as leader of a new class of drugs. "The Sonofocients." Philadelphia, Pa. Tomplc University Organization— Skull" Staff. Internship—Uniontown Hospital. Uniontown. Pa. One hundred fifty-five 1933METCHINIKOFFCD Lv uj JUNIOR CLASS Ihe SkullIhe Junior Class History OFFICERS President.............. DANA D. BURCH Troosuror..............JOHN E. BIDDLE Vice-President ....... RICHARD C. BEW Secretary ...........SAMUEL M. DlSKAN IN ORDER to gaze back fondly over the fleeting years and to preserve from the obliterating hand of Time the memory of our trials and tribulations we herein relate our class history. Pre-eminently worthy of record are our sentiments and reactions on registration day. Still elated over being among the chosen few. in the early autumn of 1930, we arrived from sundry parts of these United States and its possessions to embark upon the most important phase of our careers. With intermingled feelings of awe. diffidence, and trepidation at the strangeness of it all. and admiration for the imposing new structure, we wondered ’’what," the parlance of the day. "it was all about." Doctors Saylor, Roxby, Hickey and Fanz soon introduced us to the horrors which we had heard were an integral part of the life of every Freshman. They imparted to us in their own inimitable ways the foundations upon which our careers are based. Proteins, cadavers, impulses, and bacteria, plus histological slides kept us occupied and before we realized it, we had passed the first milestone. During the second year of unannounced exams the same major faculty members continued their guidance. The nightmares consisted of "beakers." tracts, reflexes, wet specimens, and drugs, occasionally interspersed with a trip on Friday with Doctor Hartley or a game of follow the leader with Professors Livingston and Larson. We received more than the rudiments of medicine during those two preclinical years. We came to realize the spirit of the late Doctor Conwell because during our sojourn at Temple a feeling unconsciously swept over us that everyone connected with the institution had the interests of the students at heart and gave unstintedly of their time and talents to endeavor to bring the goal within our reach. We began the Junior year with renewed vigor. The announcement of a new medical program together with a number of faculty changes pleased us and we returned to school prepared to absorb every morsel of learning we could. We further strengthened this aim after Doctor Babcock's first class and his admonition concerning the correct spelling of "an inflammatory exudate." His lectures and clinics were always thoroughly enjoyed and well attended even though a surprise roll-call did list about fifty students among the missing. The following week these tardy ones were among the first arrivals. Doctor Babcock was ably assisted in his pedagogical duties by the ever-smiling Doctor Burnett, who commands attention not only by his demeanor but because his eyes see all. Even a quick glance at the clock is apt to merit a question unless the recipient occupies the corner seat in the rear of the room v hich entitles him to two or more questions. The appointment of Doctor Kolmer as Professor of Medicine was heralded far and wide as a boon to Temple. The dramatic manner in v hich he delivers his lectures imprints them indelibly, we hope, in our minds. Our only regret is that we did not have Doctor Kolmer for our first two years also. His associate professor. Doctor Weiss, has made many of the clinics both interesting and profitable to us. One hundred fifty-nine Skull mmThe SkUH 1933 at the same time establishing a high regard for his ability as a diagnostician and teacher. Doctor Savitz's lectures were clear, concise and a pleasant dose to swallow. The subject of Obstetrics was very new to us. but given "time and more time" by Doctor Arnold, we seem to be progressing nicely and without too much labor. After seeing and hearing Doctor Alesbury for the first time we realized why he has such a large practice. Dr. Krusen also added an interesting and electrifying subject to our curriculum, that of Physical Medicine, where we learned of the benefits of artificial sunshine, and man-made electricity in application and treatment of numerous conditions amenable to the soothing implements of Physical Therapy. Doctor Hammond has taught us to be exact, not only in Gynecology but in spelling and in answering questions as asked. The lectures of Doctor Thomas were humorous as well as instructive and eagerly looked forward to on Thursday. Another happy hour was that of Doctor Ridpath whose infectious smile was passed on to every member of the class. Doctor Ersner. too. was among the professors who knew how to make an hour more enjoyable by the insertion of a few timely witticisms. The Junior year found us again under the wings or "thumbs" of Doctors Fanz and Gault. If there were any of us who did not appreciate these men in the first two years, the autopsies at P. G. H. and the conferences in 502 confined any doubts as to the conferring of the palm of glory. The discussions by Doctor Fanz will long be remembered as masterpieces and were sufficient to us that he knows not only Bacteriology and Pathology but the entire realm of general medicine. His methods of reviewing a case will oft be remembered when we are taking histories. Doctor Winkelman's course in Neurology had us testing our reflexes occasionally but, thus far. none of us have been able to demonstrate any of the syndromes which he has so lucidly presented to us. Many of us. too, were suspicious of an afternoon rise in temperature and night sweats but the thought of Tb. no longer holds any horror for us since Doctor Cohen lectured on artificial pneumothorax. For anyone desirous of securing first hand information concerning the etiology of "writer's cramp." members of the Junior Class extend an invitation to attend the lectures of Doctor Wright for a mild case and if not convinced remain seated for Doctor Tyson’s lecture. We guarantee that after the two lectures one of the upper extremities will be supported in a sling or carried about in one of Doctor Steel's casts. To duplicate this condition on the opposite extremity we might suggest one of Doctor Konzelman's lectures concerning the reticulo-endothelial system. To the above teachers and the many others who are engaged in instructing us we are filled with a sense of appreciation for the good fortune which brought us in contact with them. These men imbued with ideals which are the objective of medical ethics have done their utmost in the classroom and out of it to train us intellectually and have imbedded in our minds and hearts the desire of attaining those ideals which they typify and which are our greatest assurance of success. May our Senior year find us closer to the dream which they would have us realize. JAMES P. QUINDLEN. One hundred sixtyThe Skull Class Allwcin. Joseph Witmer, B.S. Andujar. John Jose. 8.S. Arkless, Henry A.. 8.A. Babacz. Teofil Begley. Clifford Edward. B.S. Banks. Walter Alfred Heaster, B.S. Barckloy, Thomas Wilson Beddow, George Richard, B.S. Bow. Richard Conard, B.S. Biddle, John Eves, B.S. Blank. Samuel Boag, Alexander Park. B.S. 8ower, Ernest Zieqler Brooks. Harry Raymond Burch. Dona DcWitt Cargill, Marlin Shimp, B.A. Ccraso, Louis Charles. B.S. Chernoff. Benjamin Conrad. Chester Amos Coppes. Charles Daniol Cox. Paul Albert. B.S. Crosson. John Wiiliam. Jr.. B.A. Decherney. William Dion, Harry. B.A. Diskan Samuel Morris. B.S. Ealy. Lyle Clark. B.S. Eisenberg, Samuel Williams. B.A. Ellery. James Albert. B.S. Ellinwood. Everett Hews, B.A. Engolhart, Ferdinand Karl Epstein, William Michael. B.A. Evons. Edgar Jackson. B.S. Feinman. Jock Irwin Ford. John Joseph. B.S. Forman. Joseph Gaev Samuel David. B.A. Galloway. John D. Brown G’msburg. Isadore. B.A. Click, Abraham. B.A, Goodman. Lcuis Griffiths. James Alexander Hanna, Edward Alexander Hartman. Earl Bailey Harron. Roman Albert Hayes. Francis Merrill. B.S. Herbert, Michael John B.A. Hayes. Merill Bemis. B.A. Herbert, Michael John, B.A. Holland. Mark Peter. B.S. Honioman. Milton Albert. B.S. House, Benjamin. B.A. Ilacqua. Anthony Isard. Harold Joseph JacobiHi. Edmund E.. B.A. Janoff. Henry Katzen, Raymond. B.S. Kessler. Israel. B.A., M.S. Kettrick. James Patrick Henry Kressler. Robert James. B.S. Lambert!. William Frank. B.A. One hundred sixty-ono 1933 Roll Lane. James Augustine. B.S. Lodqor, Goorqe Hamilton, B.S. Levitt. Samuel Jacob Lihn, Barney Macklin. Martin Thomas Matonis, Joseph Francis McElroy. Walter. D.. B.A. McHugh, John Bernard Melenson, David Mauze, B.A.. M.S Merlin, Albert Abraham Milstein, David. B.A. Monteith. Anita Alexandra, B.S. Morton. Smith Davis Nelson, William Howell, Jr. Nuzum, Russell Kraft. Jr. Peristein, Samuel M. flumcr, Joseph Neilson. B.S. Posey. Charles Fry Preston. Daniel Jerome Preston. John Zenas. B.A. Quin. John Aioysius. B.S. Quindlen, James P.. 8.A., A.M. Rappaport, Irving. B.S. Reighter, Konnoth McFeeley, B.S. Richardson. Jefferson Neafie. B.S. Rise, Wilson Saxman. B.S. Roms. Bernard Joseph Rosemond. George Parrott. B.S. Rubin. Milton Raymond Sain, Fletcher Dover Selby. William;Elledac Shannon. Deon Richard, B.S. Shaver. Kenneth Lee Sheplan, Leon Shucher. George Siegel. Jacob Ross. B.S. Skromak. Stanley Joseph Skwirut. Frank A., B.A. Slipakoff. Bernard Gordon, B.A. Snyder. G. Gordon. B.A. Solit. Jacob Spark. Isadore Stark, Georae J.. B.S. Stupniker. Sonia Sullivan, Daniel Joseph Tasker, Samuel. B.A. Testa. John William, B.S. Thumma. Raich William. B.S. Trommer. Phil'" R-, B.A. Voss. John Carl, B.A. Wogner, John M.. B.S. Walsh. Martin John Waring, John Henry. B.A. Weiss, Eugene K. Winson. Samuel G.. B.A. Witkin, Leon, B.S. in Biol. Wolf, Lewis Randall. B.S. in Chem. Zelosnick. Gabriel. B.A. Zibelman. Samuel Carl, B.S.BERNARDThe Skull Sophomore Class History OFFICERS President .......................... . ..HAROLD GEIGER Vice-President.............................LOUIS L. BUZAID Secretary .............................. CHARLES A. STEINER Treasurer.............................FRANCIS I. TOMLINS ALONG v ith the mighty depression came a large group of students to Temple Medical College for the purpose of learning the art of healing. On that bright September morning we climbed four flights of stairs in all our glory. In the spirit of self confidence that only Freshmen medical students can possess we listened to Dr. Hickey. How true were those words that impressed us. Scarcely a week had passed when we were in the "fog" never to see light rill the following June. As time went on, the fog grew thicker and then at times it cleared only to become heavier by such things as maltose or lactose in an unknown, or perhaps Dr. Fanz would mention that we did not have time for an exam. Can we ever forget that first written in Histology? We were soon advised by a stately Sophomore that we were to choose leaders from among us, and what a task, for then we knew at least two dozen names. But finally we decided on Ralph Ellis as President, Robert Thomas, Vice-President; John German, Secretary, and John Frick, Treasurer. The night before we were to leave for our Christmas vacation we were delightfully entertained by the Sophomore Class at a dance held at Mitten Hall. Early in February our class returned this dance. It was not long before we discovered that we had several geniuses in our class, for only geniuses could venture such answers as: The liver weighs twenty pounds, cryptorchism may become general if not corrected, and the male urethra is twenty inches long. The year was not long in passing and before we knew it we were facing final exams from which we eventually recovered. Hardly had Mother Nature begun showing signs of on-coming autumn when we began assembling. We were all eager to renew old friendships, discuss vacation experiences, but most of all we wanted to know what iay before us for the academic year. Surely, Dr. Koimer, our new Professor of Medicine, would have something new for us. This time it took but a few days until we were again oriented to our little world in which we were eager to live for another year, knowing full well that within that short time many mysteries would be cleared as well as new ones presented concerning the "Human Economy." An end must come to everything and our vacation became history as we crowded into the elevator bound for the sixth floor. The chatter of the class was soon replaced by applause as Dr. Kay came into the room. Hardly a few moments had passed until we were "cognizant of the fact" that we were all going to be proud owners of stethoscopes. As we were assigned to our first patient, we could One hundred $ixty-five 1933Ihe Skull well appreciate Laennec's embarrassment when he was called upon to roll his scroll into the first stethoscope. Then we were back with our old friend Dr. Roxby. who outlined our trip through the central nervous system. Up and down the tracts of the cord we travelled, and at each decussation we considered should we become contralateral or remain ipsilateral. As weeks passed on we finally reached the obex where v e could look out upon the Fourth Ventricle—and what a sight—what a revelation! There before us was the cerebrospinal fluid flowing majestically over the floor of the triangular area which contained the origin of some of the nerves v e tried so hard to learn a month before. All about us was brain, gray matter, white matter, nuclei, and fibres running in all directions to make up the complicated tracts and association pathways. Our guides were good and they led us out of the maze in the first half of the year. The rest of the year was devoted to the study of the special senses and a review of gross anatomy. Even v ith ihe sincere promise to ourselves that we would study Pathology as Drs. Fanz and Gault gave it to us, we soon began to worry about the exam—the hour of which no man knov s. We all concluded that we were suffering from cerebra1 atrophy—perhaps of the "redundant" type, when we finally did get the exam. Redundant atrophy or not, v e were taught to follow directions in the Physiological laboratory. We soon learned that when the directions said, "decerebrate a frog" it hardly meant cut its head off. But in all Dr. Hickey and Dr. Lathrop were very kind in reproving us—they must have thought much more than they said. Dr. Saylor once more greeted us with his winsome smile and endeavored teaching us the actions and reactions of carbon moiety within our bodies. We were told how our faithful kidneys deliberately threw away our own weight in solids in three years. Under the guidance of Mr. Shrader we were pacing the halls with the steady cautious stride of the urocopists ever trying to avoid avoiding. It was not long before we were initiated in the Apothecaries Art under the direction of Professor Livingston, Dr. Larson, and Dr. Bradley. Sad was the day when one of the students wrote: "Take thou in the name of Jupiter—Olei Tere- binthinae and make ten suppositories." Dr. Hartley, the one who endeavored to show us the ins and outs of the city— from the Belmont Water Works to Wheat SKeaf Lane, gave us many important facts about Public Health, such as—the pail and dirt method is very good if well carried out, and always cook the stew for a long time. To add to our list of subjects which made us feel more like medicos was Dr. Emich's course in Surgery. It would not have been complete without his "pikstchers." The Freshman Reception Dance was held just before Xmas vacation and it was a huge success. Much credit is due the committee. Soon the dreaded week came in May and we made one last stand to show our Professors and the folks at home, that v e had spent "some" time on our work during this most enjoyable year. W. H. G. J. M. F. One hundred sixty-six 1933 t Ihe Skull Class Begner. Jacob, B.A. Bieror, William Earl. B.A. Birins. James Andrew, B.S. Bikle, Charles Earle. Jr.. B.A. Bird, Gustavus Claggott. Jr. Bookman. Albert A. Boice, Gwernydd Newton Booth, George Reginald. B.A. Boucher, Irvan Andrew. Jr., B.S. Bradley. William Arthur. B.S. Brodsky. Maurice Lyon, B.A. Bruno. Miles Milian, B.S. Buzaid, Louis Lawrence. B.S. Cardot. Francis Herbert B.S. Cary, Joseph Frank, B.S. Clemente. Alphonse, Ph.G. Cohen. Leon Cohen, Samuel F.. B.A. Connolly. Thomas Patrick. B.A. Curry, Samuol O Neal. B.S. deQuevedo. Nestor Garcia. B.S. Dershawetz, Samuel B.A. Dils. Grover C., B.S. Dougherty, Hugh Robert. B.S. Duca, Philip Joseoh. B.A. Ellis. Ralph Glodhill Fintelstein, David Firth, George Elmer Flood. James Murlin. B.A. Forbes. Harry Miller Frank. Reuben. B.A. Freedman. Esther Fannie. B.A. Freedman. Milton Arthur. B.S. Frick, J. Howard. Jr. Galinsky, Morris David Geioer, Harold Charles. B.S. Geinett, William Harold. B.S. German. John .Elmer. B.S. Giovinco. Pau! Adams. B.S. Gonzaga. Eduardo John, B.A. Goodman. Bernard Greenwood. David Nisan. B.A. Grossman, Joseph Nadell, B.A. Gutmaker. Hymen Ralph Hankin. Samuel, B.A.. M.A. Harris. James Joseph, B.S. Hatch. Joseph Courtney. B.P.E. Hayes. Catherine LaRue, B.S. Heckman. Nellie Elizabeth. 8.A.. B.S. Heinbach. Wilfred Francis, Jr., B.S. M.S. Hoist, Carroll Eugene Horton. Leonard Moss, B.S. Hunsberqer. Joseph Leidy, B.A. Husted. Gerald Wilson Jenkins, Benjamin Wheeler, B.A. Kosser. Max David Kaufman, Abraham Keller, John Ephraim Klein. Eugene C.. B.S. One hundred sixty-seven 1933 Kratka, William Herbort Cac.or Krestzer, Albert Edward. B.S. Kratzer. Guy L. Kravitz, Charles Hyman. B.A. Krichovetz. Kube. 8.A., M.A. Labess. Morris, B.A. Lanciano, Ralph Claude Lawson. Edward Kirby. Jr. Lisella. James Guido, B.S. Lopez, Concepcion, B.S. Manly. James Pitchford, B.S. Mather. Homer Raymond. Jr.. B.S. McConncl. Charles Stewart. B.S. McCune. Quay, 8.S. McHuah, Hugh McWethy. Wilson Harry, B.S. Miller. Morris Minehart. John R., Jr. Morgan. Russell Evan, B.S. Morgenrotn. Irvin Morris. Karl Elwood. Ph.G. Muckinhoupt, Frederick Huber, B.S. Nagler. Simon Henry. B.A. Nempzoff, Samuol Nocentini. Joseph Louis Nowacki. Stanley Michael Oiler. Charles I.. B.A. Oxman. Morris Fred Parsons. Grant Emerson. B.S. Patton, George DuBarry Pugliese, Frank Anthony, B.A. Quinn. Katherine Sarah Roar-h, Robert John Rome. Howard Phillips Rosenberg, Philip Rothermel, Robert Earl Sanfarsiero, D. Anthony, B.S. Sinkler. James Russell Smith, Julius Joshua Sofranko, Joseph Bernard. B.S. Sonder, Max Jacob Steinbergh. Saul Sorbon Steiner. Charles Albert Swan. Theodore Homer. 8.A. Thomas. Robert Yates Hayne. Jr. Thomason. Richard Paul, B.A. Tidd. Ralph Martin. B.S. Tomlins. Francis I.. B.A. Tonkonow. Will Toton, John Simon. B.A. Truitt. George Weston Vogel. Stoughton Ralph Weaver. Gordon David Weisel. Robert Hough. Ph.G. Welham. Walter Cooke Williams, Carlin Orlando Wilson, Thomas Warren Young, David Chester, B.S. RollPASTEUR1933 FRESHMAN CLASS Ihe SkullThe Skull Freshman Class History OFFICERS President ...................................JAY K. OSIER Vice-President...................... ...... MARVIN G. SHIPPS Treasurer............................ CLARENCE MANDELKERN Secretary ............................ VIOLET HILDA KIDD LATE in the fall of nineteen hundred and thirty-two, one hundred and sixteen Freshmen, anxious to get to the first lecture of their medical career, swept through the doors of the Temple Medical School. There were in the bodies and souls of these individuals effervescent enthusiasm and ambition; each had a firm resolve to seize and digest every kernel of knowledge that passed his way in order that by so doing he might build into reality that which to him heretofore was only a dream: himself a great physician. These doctors-in-the-making, representing thirty colleges from the east, west and middlewest, set diligently to work. Days and weeks v ent swiftly by; each morning meant a day filled with new, interesting facts and a step nearer the goal. Christmas was a welcome holiday because each one was able to return home and proudly display his new intelligence. Coming back to school mentally refreshed and strengthened physically by sleep and mother's cooking was happy enough until there dawned on each one that disillusionment which comes to every freshman in medical school: all the long hours of study in the laboratory, classroom and at night over books seemed to have availed nothing because it was obviously forgotten; bacteriology, chemistry, histology, anatomy and all the rest appeared as a hazy collection of unrelated and unintelligible information. It was a dreary, disconsolate period. Suddenly, as if over night, the veil lifted; each subject no longer confused the knowledge of another, but, on the contrary, one facilitated the other; definite ideas and concepts began to be slowly moulded into shape. Everything did not clear so completely that studying was just a ride down hill—there is no such thing in medical school—but the previous work had settled to a solid basis upon which more knowledge could be dove-tailed. Spirits once again rose and the student emerged struggling from the darkness glad to see the light again but stronger for having had the encounter. Now that this year is completed we look anxiously forward to the next step. Fondly we look back on the past year in which we became initiated into medicine; proudly we step to the Sophomore Class; humbly and respectfully we look to our professors; and earnestly do we feel the responsibility and serenity of the profession into which we have happily entered. V. H. KIDD. One hundred seventy-one 1933Ihe Skull Class Roll Adelman, Samuel Irwin. 8.A. Alamprese. Donato Joseoh. B.S. Balcor. Jacques Tylor. B.S. Bamberger. Ivon Vincent. B.S. Boncone. Albina Veronica. B.S. Booken. Joseph Gerald Borros. Bartoiome Rafael 8orrison. Joseph Aubery. B.S. Brant. Glenn Zimmerman Brav. Solomon Sulzberger. B.A. Brudi. Karl Hugo. B.S. Burns. Joseph Robert Cavan, John Froncis. B.S. Chat. Emanuel. B.A. Cherkasky. Martin Coleman. Kathryn. B.A. Covert. Scott Veesey. B.S. Crane. Horace Edward, B.S. Davis. J. Lamar, B.S. Dennis. Joseph Lewis Dent. Aland Cromwell DiNicolantonio. Vincent John. B.S. Donnelly. Andrew James English. James Benjamin. B.S. Enion, Samuel, B.S. Fannin. Lyman Stearns Feldmon, Hyman Aaron Fisher. Lester Leroy Fowler. Theodore Garner. B.A. Frankol. Donald Silver Frenkel. Joseph Gettes. Bernard Goldman, Louis H. Gritsavage. Clem Edward Grynkewich. Mary E. Gustaitis. Joseph Adrian. B.S. Harkins. Francis Anthony Harkins. N. Beatrice Harry. Harriet Marcella. B.S. Hatten. John Radcliffe, Jr.. B.S. Hayes. Elizabeth Omega Henninger. Frank Merle Crissman Huston, Charles Clover. B.S. Imhof, Joseph David. B.S. Irwin, Willard James. B.S. Jennings. Edward Clifford. B.S. Jotfe. Samuel Maxwell. B.A. Kannerstein. Milton. 8.A. Kehrli, Henry John, B.S. Kendall. Norman Kerestes, John. Jr.. B.S. Kidd. Violet Hilda Knight, John Edward. B.A. Koppclman, Samuel Abraham Lang. Paul Regis Lawry. Lee Llewellyn. Jr.. B.S. Libby. Harold Earl, B.S. Lichtenstein. George Lichtman. Jacob Lieberman, Bernard. B.A. Lorinstein, Hyman, 8.A. Machung, Peter Paul Malishaucki. Thomas John Mandelkern, Clarence, B.S. Mark. Georoe Edward. Jr., B.S. Matsko. Michael Edward McNabb. James Randolnh. B.S. Mcshon, Salvador Louis, B.S. Miller, Elmer Eliot. B.S. Millor, Eugene Clarence, B.S. Monteith. Jomes Roderick. B.S. Moore. Charles A.. B.S. Moyer. Charles Mills. Ph.B. Mulherin. John Leonard. B.S. Musselman, Clyde V.. B.S. Nelson, Frederick Lawrence Okrasinski, Stanley Anthony. B.S. Ord. John Groves, B.S. Osier, Jay Kershner Perrine, Holmes Ely, B.A. Persing, Dan HoHopetor, B.A. Persons. Orville Charles. B.S. Phelps. Everett Leonard, B.A. Pickel. Ray Wagner, B.S. Poliner. Hime Saul Potkonski. Leopold Adrian Rosensweig. William. B.A. Saylor. Gardner Thrall. B.S. Scarlett. Thomas Schatz, David Harlan. B.S. Scheidt, Reginald Rudolf, 8.S. Schneider, Henry Conrad. B.S. Sciullo, Vincent Felix Shapiro, Nathan Bornerd. 8.A. Sharbaugh. George Bernard Shipps. Marvin George, B.S. Shugert, Guy Scofield. Jr. Sirulnik. Frank. B.A. Sones, Maurice Stahlman, William Jacob, B.S. Stayer. Frank Irwin. B.S. Stein. Ernest William. B.S. Stone. Maurice Jules Sunday. Harold Beaver, B.S. Szamborski. John Marian Toewe. Clinton Herbert Trachtonborg. Harry Baer. B.A. Valentine. Harry Carleton, B.A. Volpe. James. Jr. Walker. Leon Reed. B.S. Weeks. Belford A., B.S. Weiner. Julius Charles. B.A. Weiss. Edward David Wheeling. Kenneth John Zubritzky, Paul Desiderius Ono hundred seventy-two 1933"The Skull Our Journey As slow our ship her foamy track Against the wind is cleaving. Her trembling pennant still looks back While still our memories weaving. So thus we part from all we love. From all the links that bind us, So turn our hearts as on we rove To those we leave behind us. As travelers oft look back at eve When eastward darkly going, To gaze upon that light they leave Still faint behind them glowing . . . So, when the close of pleasure’s day To gloom has near consigned us, We turn again to catch one fading ray Of joy that's left behind us. 1933hunterClassesClassesALBRECHT VON HALLERFeaturesrather unfrequently trod—the inner workings and dazzling accomplishments of the ancient but ever practical Aesculapius, the mysteries and scientific solutions of medical research, the inner mechanisms by which geniuses make their debut, the insight into the life of an interne and the illuminating biography of a conscientious practitioner, will give you a varied composite of the art of medicine. To those that have given unsparingly and liberally of their time and extended their efforts in preparing articles for this publication, we can but give our humble thanks."The Skull Your Interneship BY JOHN A. KOLMER PROFESSOR OF MEDICINE WITH the passing of years I have come to the conclusion that the work and record made by an interne is a good forecast of his or her future. I have seen some excellent students make poor internes and ultimately Tfrop by the wayside in the practice of medicine; also some poor or mediocre students make excellent internes and ultimately prove very successful in practice. In other words, the average internship provides a splendid opportunity for the presentation or development of those qualities which mean success or failure in the future and it may not be amiss to briefly pass them in review for whatever aid they may be to those of you about to enter upon this critical period of your careers. In the first place, I believe that most physicians will agree with me that the time devoted to an internship is usually one of the happiest periods of our professional life. Happy because of the opportunities afforded for putting into practice for the first time much of that so laboriously acquired during the long years of study; happy because of the responsibilities shouldered under the watchful eyes and more mature judgment of older men; happy because of the opportunities afforded for the hard work and sacrifices v hich are the glory of our profession and happy because sharing for the first time in the hope and trust of the sick and dying which words cannot adequately describe. Above all, approach your new work with confidence in yourselves. You have been afforded unexcelled opportunities for acquiring knowledge and experience and should be equipped to render an excellent account of your capacities. It is true that your youthful years may undermine the confidence of some of the laity in your abilities but do not allow this to discourage you. Just a few weeks ago'l was passing through the accident ward about 8 A. M. and noticed a man and woman sitting on the benches awaiting treatment. Being garbed in a white gown it was evident to them that I was a physician and I noticed the woman nudging the man to speak to me. but he refused, and just as I passed them I heard him say with some evident disgust; "Ah, he's only a kid anyway"! I’ve heard similar expressions before but never with discouragement and I must confess that this one flattered me greatly! If you have been an indifferent student putting forth just enough effort to "pass," turn a new leaf at once. You cannot hope or expect to make your mark in medicine unless you are now willing to do more—much more—than was required of you as a student. Do not be too insistent about "your rights" and "time off"; you may as well learn at once and put into practice without delay the self-sacrificing principles of the true physician. Never neglect duty for pleasure. You are entitled to a fair amount of recreation and you need a certain amount to maintain physical Ono hundred seventy-six 1933"The Skull and mental vigor but it seems to me that present-day internes appear to need and seem to get much more than we older men received, expected or needed. Show me the interne who will cancel a "date," a poker game or any other social engagement because a sick patient requires his attention and I will show you a physician bound to succeed if he adheres to the high principles of our noble profession. Remember to devote yourself whole-heartedly to whatever service you may be assigned. Forget, for the time being at least, about any particular specialty. If you are on laboratory service, do all the reading and studying you can on this subject alone; when assigned to medicine or surgery, do likewise and so on through your entire internship. Keep a note book in your pocket and jot down each day subjects to be looked up or studied during time off and leisure. Try to read up on every case on your service so that you may more intelligently assist your chief in diagnosis and treatment. And the effort is rightly rewarded in the new interest each case takes on under this plan. Remember that it is not so much how many cases you see on a service, but rather how well each is studied and treated. Do not hesitate to make tactful suggestions to your chief and develop the habit of asking questions about anything you do not understand. Personally, I love the individual who asks questions—lots of them—because I know that such a one is interested and on the job! Above all. seek experience in physical diagnosis under the tutelage of your chiefs—learn to educate the eye. the ear, the fingers under their guidance. Now is your golden opportunity probably never to return or repeat itself in later years. Be loyal to your chief and give him every assistance in your power. Loyalty is a great virtue with its own rewards. Be sparing of criticism. He may seem to be an "old fogey." but once upon a time he. too. "rushed where angels feared to tread,’" and possibly has learned much from bitter experience that he is willing to pass on to you if given half a chance. Some of your chiefs may be pathetically anxious to learn what you have been taught about this or that and especially those connected with smaller hospitals removed from metropolitan centers. And how proud Temple will be of you to measure up to his expectations! Learn to take painstaking and detailed histories and make exhaustive physical and laboratory examinations. You may interne at a hospital where the histories are a "disgrace,-" but do not fall into line. Put into practice what you have been taught even though you may be criticized—remember that secretly you will be admired for thorough work. It is true that your chief may not appreciate your efforts, but let this make no difference at all—go ahead and strive to do even better. If you are a poor writer try to overcome this handicap. Do not write hastily and too briefly— be willing to put into your "paper work" the same painstaking effort that should characterize all of your efforts. Above all learn to pay attention to details. Write your orders neatly and correctly. Be sure of your dosage. Let your directions and prescriptions be scholarly, precise and correct in every detail. Ihe Skull One hundred sevonty-eight Be sure to keep yourself immaculate in personal cleanliness and appearance. Slovenly and dirty doctors may occasionally be good ones—but only very occasionally. Such rarely impresses your colleagues or patients in a favorable manner and dirt, bad manners, profanity and "loose speech" are rarely, if ever, the marks of a good physician. Never be lacking in kindness or deep sympathy for the sick regardless of race, color or creed. A gentle word—a cheerful smile—a proper attitude toward details and inspiring confidence in yourself—learn now their great value, even though probably not mentioned in the lectures you have heard or the books you have read. Have a proper respect for the religion of everyone and do all you can to secure for the sick and dying the great comforts of the ministrations. Note that all successful physicians have had great hearts—infinite patience with the foibles of human beings—slow to anger—gentle in speech, but yet firm and decisive when occasion demands. Secretiveness—the air of mystery—bruskness—may impress and fool some, but not many and not for a long time. And. finally, remember that no one can aspire to be a successful physician if lacking in high character and morality. Never dally with your conscience. You are about to share the most intimate details of the lives of many.- Remember to hold sacred that which is entrusted to you in confidence. Temptations to break the moral law may be many and provoking, but you cannot yield and keep that self-respect which is so essential to success. And this is especially true of any yielding to temptations arising during professional work. Remember that hard work and high moral character is a combination that cannot be beaten—that is bound to succeed even under difficult and discouraging conditions. As opportunity affords, we. of the faculty, will follow you anxiously and appraisingly during your internship wherever it may be, because our efforts in your education must be judged by your work and abilities. In other words, the present and future reputation of your Alma Mater rests largely in your own hands and she expects you to make good now—today—and every day of your internship with the comforting thought and reasonable assurance that such means your success and her glory in the future. 1933The Skull In Quest of Aesculapius BY VICTOR ROBINSON, M.D. THE NAME of Aesculapius is first found in Homer (c. 1000 B. C.). It is interesting to note that although the Iliad and Odyssey swarm with gods and goddesses. Aesculapius was only a mortal in Homer's time. The earliest reference occurs in the second book of the Iliad where he appears as a chieftain from Thessaly: "these again were led by the two sons of Aesculapius. the skilled leeches. Podalirius and Machaon." In the next book he is mentioned as the peerless leech, and his son Machaon "sucks out the blood from an arrow wound and with sure knowledge spreads thereon soothing simples which of old the Centaur Chiron had given to his father with kindly thought." There is no intimation that Aesculapius was other than a skilfull physician, but just as Imhotep, originally an historical personage, in time evolved into the Egyptian god of medicine, so Aesculapius developed into the Hellenic deity of healing. One of the earliest to raise Aesculapius above earthly beings was Homer's successor, the lost poet Arctinus of Miletus (c. 744 B. C.). who carried forward the unfinished epic of Troy, recounting such important episodes as the exploits of the Amazon Penthesileia, the last days of Achilles, the fatal dispute of Ajax and Odysseus, the introduction of the wooden horse, and the horror of the Laocoon. In a remarkable fragment. Arctinus relates that Aesculapius "endowed one of his sons with nobler gifts than the other: for while to Machaon he gave skilful hands to draw out darts, make incisions, and healing sores and wounds, he placed in the heart of Podalirius all cunning to find out things invisible, and cure that which healeth not"—a statement which not only first separates medicine and surgery, but emphasizes the physician’s superiority to the surgeon. His human parentage forgotten. Aesculapius was linked with Apollo, the ever-occupied and myriad-sided Olympian, god of innumerable realms, including the muses and medicine. Apollo sent pestilence on earth when mortals displeased him, and stayed the plague when he relented. He was physician to the other gods, and healed them with peony root. His talking raven detected Coronis, the beautiful nymph beloved by Apollo, under a tree with a youth of Thessaly: although warned by the gossiping crow not to tell, the raven informed his master of the unchastity of Coronis. Apollo grew pale and hot with jealousy, the laurel glided from his brow, and he sent an arrow into the bosom which had been so often pressed to his own. As her white limbs are drenched with blood he learns that she is pregnant with his One hundred seventy-nine 1933UTe Skull child, but his lamentations and healing arts are in vain; after pouring fragrant incense on her unconscious breast and giving her the last embrace, he carries her with piteous groans to the funeral fires and delivers the child by caesarean section. This child was Aesculapius. Abandoned on a hillside, he was saved from starvation by a goat, and it has been pointed out that this is the first case of the artificial feeding of children. Apollo finally entrusted the medical education of his son to the Centaur Chiron, for the centaurs—part horse, part man—were also Apollo's children. Aesculapius grew up, learned and dignified; the Greeks could not help jesting about sacred matters, and they spoke of him as "the bearded son of a beardless sire." Aesculapius learned the art of medicine so well that he was accused by Pluto of depopulating Hades, and was slain by the thunderbolt of the angry Zeus who feared his skill in healing would make the children of earth immortal. Temples to Aesculapius as the specific god of medicine arose throughout Greece: those who sought the god. sacrificed a cock in his honor, and offered images of the diseased parts. Hearts, eyes, ears, limbs, abdominal viscera—sometimes the entire opened body, if the patient did not know from what internal complaint he suffered—the generative organs, and even the placenta were manufactured in precious metals, costly stones, terra cotta or wax. While the cult of the healing god lasted, the manufacture of votive offerings flourished. Naturally craftier than the populace, the priests built the temples of Aesculapius in spots favored by nature—in the midst of a health-giving forest, by the side of a medicinal spring, on the brow of a lofty hill. The sight alone often served to bring the first smile of hope to the weary invalid—and patients who seemed too sick were not permitted to approach the sacred precincts. All the glories of Greek art were there—lovely Venus and laughing Bacchus. Zeus serene on his golden throne, and Aesculapius sorrowing for the ills of mankind. Fountains played in the shaded groves, and shelter-seats were arranged in semi-circles of pure marble. And when hidden music floated over the southern flowers—the mingling of rhythm and perfume, the marriage of fragrance and melody—many sufferers raised their heads to repeat the prophecy of the Delphic sibyl: Oh, Aesculapius, thou art born to be the world's great joy. Only after he had undergone a course in dietetics and hygiene, did the gates of the temple open for the pilgrim; but that night he lay at the foot of the statue ot Aesculapius, awaiting and expecting a cure. At times, when the deep breathing of the patient was echoed back by the marble walls, the priests would steal noiselessly forth and bind a broken limb or anoint a wounded organ. Of course every temple rang with tales of wonderful cures. Who ever heard of a shrine that did not report miracles, and exhibit abandoned crutches and votive offerings as proof? The early Greek philosophers refused remuneration for their teachings, but Aesculapius de- One hundred eighty 1933The Skull manded silver and gold for his services—at least so the priests claimed. Indeed, on one occasion, the god so far forgot himself as to say aloud to a patient, "Thou art healed, now pay the fee." The assertion that Greek medicine originated in these healing shrines or Asklepions, shows a misconception of the essence of divine healing. Priestly medicine is infallible medicine: the god can never fail, and every case must be cured. Altogether different is the medicine practised by man: the diagnosis is difficult, the treatment uncertain, and often the end is death. Amid the ruins of broken inscriptions, the following Cures by Apollo and Aesculapius may still be read with wonder on the pillars from the temple of Epidaurus: Clco, prognanf five years. She being already five years pregnant came a suppliant to the god, and lay down to sleep in tho sacred chamber; but sho went out speedily, and got forth from tho temple and bore a son. who immediately washed himself in the spring and walked about with his mother. Now, when this had happened to her, she wrote on a votive tablet: Marvel not at the size of this tablet, buf at the occurrence: fivo years Cieo was pregnant, she slept, and the ged made her whole." Euphanes. an Epidaurlan boy. The patient incubated because of stone. The god seemed to stand and ask: "What will you give if I cure you?" and he said ten dice bones. The god laughed and said he would heal him, and when it was day he departed cured. The cup. A porter on his way to the temple fell when ten furlongs from it. He rose and opening his sack found the contents were broken. Seeing that the cup his master drank from was smashed, he was in despair, and sitting on the ground tried to fit the pieces together. A passer-by seeing this, exclaimed: "Why. miserable man, waste time in trying to mend that cup; not even Aesculapius of Epidaurus could do it." The slave, hearing this, put the shards in his sack and went to the temple. On arrival he opened the sack and found the cup mended. He told the story to his master, who presented the cup to the god. The lame Nicanor. As he sat wide awako a child stole his staff and ran; Nicanor rose and pursued him, and from that moment was cured. Alcotas of Halice. He was blind and had a vision; the god seemed to open his eyes with his fingers and he saw the trees in the temple court. Day broke and he departed cured. Heranus of Mytilene. This patient had no hair on his head, but much on his chin. Vexed by the ridicule of his neighbors, he incubated. The god anointed his head with a drug and made him have hair. Not content with medical cures, the pillars relate instances of celestial surgery. A man from Torone drank a mixture of wine and honey into which his perfidious stepmother had put some leeches; his pain was so intense that he was obliged to visit the god, who opened his chest with a knife, took out the leeches, placed them in the patient's hands, sewed up the chest, and the ioronean was cured from that hour. The Spartan girl Arete underwent ah experience which does not befall everyone. She suffered from dropsy, and asked the god for relief. Aesculapius cut off her head, turned her upside down until the fluid ran out, and then replaced the head. As for the Aristagora. she probably never stopped talking about her case. She had a worm in her belly, and slept in the temple of Troezen which was in her neighborhood. Aesculapius was absent at Epidaurus, but the priest had seen him work, and he cut off Aristagora's head. He was unable to put it on again, and in the morning plainly saw the head separated from the body. A messenger was sent One hundred eighty-one 1933The Skull to Epidaurus to consult the god. Aesculapius came, scolded his assistant, easily replaced her head, and opening her belly took out the worm and sewed her up again, and thenceforth she was healed. Hermodius of Lampsacus was so feeble that he could not move. Aesculapius bade him stand up, walk outside the temple and bring back the largest stcne he could find. He carried back a boulder which, as the inscription says, still lies upon the ground. It may be seen at Epidaurus today—mute testimony to ancient credulity. In connection with Epidaurus. let us consider the Epidemics of Hippocrates (c. 460-370 B. C.). The Epidemics contain the first scientific case-histories, and they are much like the case-histories that we write on hospital charts today and clip on the patient’s bed. He describes the woman who lay sick by the Liars' Market, after a painful delivery; day by day. he puts down the symptoms as they occur; on the thirteenth day she vomited black, fetid, copious matters; rigor; later lost her speech; on the fourteenth day, nosebleed, then death. He tells of Silenus, who lived on Broadway: after fatigue, drinking and unseasonable exercise, he complained of pains in the loins, with heaviness in the head and tightness in the neck; acute fever on the second day; on the third, no power of restraining himself, but singing and much rambling laughter; same symptoms on the fourth; lucid intervals on the fifth; nothing passed from the bowels and urine suppressed on the seventh; on the eighth day, copious discharge after slight stimulus, but cold sweat all over, fitful sleep, coma and speechlessness; the symptoms continue, and on the eleventh day the coma becomes death. Hippocrates writes down these fatal terminations without the faintest attempt at concealment. There is not the slightest inclination to emphasize his successes. In writing of the consumptives, he says, "Many, and, in fact, the most of them, died; and of those confined to bed, I do not know if a single individual survived for any considerable time.” Of the forty-two case-histories detailed in Epidemics, twenty-five end in death. If we compare these case-histories with the miraculous cures acclaimed at the temple of Epidaurus, both of which date from about the same period, it is obvious that there is no relationship between the priestly and secular medicine of Greece. If. as some assert, Hippocratism originated at the shrine of Aesculapius, it retained no trace of its celestial heredity. The scientist reports his results without emotion, and even in antiquity he was blamed for his lofty detachment, and his method was called a meditation on death. Today we regard those forty-two cases—with their sixty per cent mortality—as the foundation of clinical medicine; looking backward, we see that those ages which turned away from Hippocratism were the dark ages of medicine, and those ages which were guided by his fundamental principles were on the path that has led to modern medicine. Today, when we go in quest of Aesculapius, we must follow obliterated trails, for the spoliation of Greece began in antiquity. The invading Persians burned temples and trees; the Macedonian Ptolemy filled his Egyptian library with original One hundred cighty-hwo 1933Ihe Skull manuscripts from the Anthenian archives; the trophies of Sulla included Corinthian columns; Nero brought from Greece to Rome 500 bronzes—and even the modern traveler sees evidence that many a Greek marble was cut to fit a Roman wall. Invincible Rome, corrupted by human greed and weakened by the twilight mosquito, succumbed to imperial senility, but in the new dispensation arose new destroyers of Greece: classic texts were now erased from parchments to make room for monkish psalters, and zealous Christian hammers smashed the heads of pagan gods. Constantine moved to the East, embellishing his capital with Hellenic sculpture: until today, Constantinople has more Greek statues than Athens. In the passing generations, warriors of the north stepped over the mountains, and picturesque corsairs sailed the Aegean Sea to gather the booty of the defenceless land: varied tribes of these nomads came and departed, but then came the Turk who remained for centuries. The Erechtheion on the Acropolis, where Athena planted her olive tree and Poseidon struck his trident for the salt spring to gush forth, was converted to a Turkish harem, while throughout the Greek world classic masterpieces disappeared in Turkish lime-kilns. The chief monument of antiquity, unrivalled on earth, the polychrome Parthenon, stood beneath the Grecian sky until the enlightened era: having been altered to a church and then a mosque, the Turks now used it as a powder magazine. A German lieutenant fighting for Venice released the bomb which fell amidst the Turkish powder. A noise in the evening, and the genius of Greece lay shattered on the hillside. The Doric dream of Pericles and Phidias, fulfilled in Pentelic marble, remains for modernity an awe-inspiring ruin. Despite these catastrophes, the traveler at the opening of the nineteenth century still found a Greece rich in ancient art. The great exodus was about to begin. The Scotchman. Thomas Bruce, seventh Earl of Elgin, serving as British Ambassador to the Ottoman Porte, received permission from the indifferent Turk, to take away a few blocks of stone with old inscriptions. Lord Elgin interpreted this firman so liberally that with the aid of hired artists and an army of laborers he stripped the Parthenon of its frieze, metopes and pediments, removed a virgin from the portico of the Erectheion, and hunted the choicest of Hellenic monuments—year after year, huge cases of antiquities arrived in England. It is infinitely pathetic, in the little Acropolis Museum, to find plaster casts—the originals are among the Elgin marbles in the British museum, and Athens must content itself with reproductions in terra-cotta. "Removed by Lord Elgin to England." is a familiar phrase in Greek archeology. Lord Byron, noblest of Greekophiles, uttered the "Curse of Minerva" on his fellow-lord, yet Elgin must be regarded as the conservator of antiquity. The sculptures which are the pride of the British Museum were preserved by his collecting instincts from Turkish masons and the pilfering fingers of dealers and tourists. Now that the Turkish menace has been removed, and modern Greeks are protecting their ancient glories, should not the Elgin Marbles be restored to their original home? The One hundrod eighty-throe 1933The Skull question is purely academic, for what England has once taken away she never gives back. Other nations have not been timid in Greece. To follow the manifestations of the Hellenic spirit it is necessary to visit a hundred foreign museums. Magnificent busts of Aesculapius and Hippocrates adorn the British Museum; Euphronius' kylix of Achilles bandaging Patroclus is at Berlin; the Winged Victory of Samothrace is one of the countless Greek treasures in the Louvre; the findings on the island of Aegina, brought to Munich, have made the Bavarian city an artistic and archeological center; the Serptentine Column stands in the streets of Constantinople; the group of the Farnese Bull draws visitors to Naples; the collection of Venuses at the Vatican is unsurpassed. Not the natural ravages of time, but the unceasing evidence of human vandalism oppresses modern visitors to Greece, and many go away in sadness never to return. Greece is truly a land of ruined temples and roofless buildings, of fallen pillars and headless figures, of scattered fragments and broken pottery. Ravens fly over the goats that wander through the empty shrines of Apollo; and where Pausanias saw colossal gods, in gold and ivory, we see only a hollow in the ground. The plunderers have taken much with them, yet they have left much behind. As we travel on mule-back through the waysides of Greece, we find potters and pots as primitive as in the days of King Minos; etched against the sky are ploughmen and ploughs looking like illustrations from the pages of Hesiod; uninhabited islands, guarded by winds and untamed seas, are havens of Hellenic culture; the wild grandeur of the rock-strewn hills of Greece and the profuseness of her forests have not changed since first they neard the song of Homer. Systematically despoiled by the stronger nations, Greece is inexhaustible. All Greece is a museum: to dig a cellar on her soil is an adventure: perchance there is romance in every blow of the pickaxe and spade. A peasant stumbling in a hole on his fields may strike with his leathern boot the golden cups of Vaphio. and a fisherman of the Ionian Sea may entangle in his nets a bronze Venus. From piles of rubbish, Attic vases will be rescued: flocks of sheep pass over a hidden Zeus: and sleeping beneath pumice dust are ancient cities which will yet reveal their wonders. Greece has been devastated, but can never be exterminated. Greece is today, what she has been through the pillaged centuries, the most interesting and beautiful country in the world. The antagonism between the sacred and secular medicine of Greece lasted at least until the time of Cicero, who declared: "I believe that those who recover from illness are more indebted to the care of Hippocrates than to the power of Aesculapius." The strategems practised in the Asklepions have long disappeared, and Aesculapius remains as the eternal symbol of our profession. We may thus close with the last words of Socrates: "Crito, we owe a cock to Aesculapius." One hundred eighty-four 1933The Skull . Bibliography There are three references to Aesculapius in the llaid (ii. 731; iv, 194; xi, 518); it must be remembered that in the Homeric poems Aesculapius had not yet become the god of medicine.—Ovid: Metamorphosis (in Frank Justus Miller's version for the Loeb Classical Library, the references to Ovid's treatment of the Aesculapius myth will be found in vol. ii, p. 434). Further references in Leonhard Schmitz (William Smith's Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, 1844, i, 44-6).— Edward Theodore Withington: Medical History from the Earliest Times (1894), the best work of its kind (appendix ii, 370-9); also his Asclepiadae and Priests of Asclepius (Charles Singer's Studies in the History and Method of Science. 1921, ii. 192-205).— Heinrich Haeser: Lehrbuch der Geschichte der Medicin (1875, I, 67-73).—Richard Caton: The Temples and Ritual of Asklepios at Epidaurus and Athens (1899).— Eugen Hollander: Plastik und Medizin (1912, 11-155). Excellent, well illustrated.— Fielding H. Garrison: The Greek Cult of the Dead and the Chthonian Deities in Ancient Medicine (Annals of Medical History, 1917, 35-53).—Alexander Cawadias: The Cult of Asklepios and its role in the History of Medicine (Proceedings of Third International Congress of History of Medicine, 1923. 42-44).—Walter Addison Jayne: The Healing Gods of Ancient Civilizations (1925. 240-303: 464-74).—Victor Robinson: The Story of Medicine (1931, 33-37, 41. 46, 48. 51. 83. 91, 119, 314. 329; 465). Personal inspection of ruins and excavations in Crete. Greece, Italy, where author took many photographs of archeological and medico-historical interest. One hundred eighty-five 1933 [he Skull A Method for the Determination of Specific Gravity, Usinq a Small Amount of Fluid BENJAMIN GRUSKIN, M.D. Director of Oncology and Experimental Pathology. Temple University School of Medicine THE necessity of determining specific gravity in physiological and pathological fluids, as well as in chemical solutions, is well established, but owing to the fact that some solutions are brought to the laboratory for examination in such small quantities, it is impossible to determine the specific gravity of such fluids by the ordinary methods. Hammerschlag and Barbour have devised a technique for determining the specific gravity of such fluids with a single drop. But owing to the rigidity of the technique and the length of time required to perform it, their method is seldom used. With this in mind the following method was planned, which requires little time, nor does it call for any special materials, and will to all purposes be useful and practical as an aid in laboratory technique. Replacing the chloroform-benzol solution of Hammerschlag. there is used a carbon tetrachloride-petrolatum mixture which does not evaporate as readily. This oil mixture is adjusted to a specific gravity of 1.010 with an ordinary urinometer. The oil is placed in a wide burette so that the upper meniscus is fully one inch above the zero marking. Procedure for taking the specific gravity. The solutions should all be at room temperature. All drops must be of the same size to insure accurate results in specific gravity determinations. An ordinary pipette used for counting white blood cells was adopted as the best means of obtaining an accurate drop. The solution to be examined is drawn up to the division marked "I" and is blown out to the last division. (See Fig. I.) The amount of liquid FIGURE One hundred eighty-siy 1933The SkuIl going into the drop is therefore determined exactly. A little practice is necessary to control the drop, but skill is easily achieved. The calculations are made as follows: one drop of standard HoSO.j (sp. g. 1.020) is dropped into the burette, and the time of fall of this drop (conveniently registered with a metronome set at 96) between the zero mark and any other mark on the burette is recorded. (See Fig. 2.) The specific gravity is calculated from the following formula: Number of metronome beats required for HoSO x 20 = 3rd and 4th figures of Number of metronome beats required for fluid the specific gravity. E. g. If the standard HoSO required thirty beats of the metronome to travel the given distance, and the unknown fluid required twenty-five beats to travel the given distance, then 30 x 20 = 14. and the specific 25 gravity of the fluid is 1.014. From a consideration of the procedure, it may be seen that the method is approximate in that no correction is made for acceleration of fall, or for a tailing off of fall at higher specific gravity due to the viscosity of the oil mixture. (See Fig. 3). This correction is avoided by working only within near ranges of the specific gravity of the oil mixture, where the curve is practically straight. A few precautions to be observed are: the oil mixture should be kept fresh and clean and should not be left standing for any length of time opened, as evaporation will slowly take place: the metronome must be consistently kept wound: at least three consistent readings should be obtained before making calculations, and the drop must be placed in the center of the tube to obtain an even fall. One hundred eighty-seven FIGURE 3 1933 1933 The Skull An Artist's Viewpoint WILLIAM B. McNETT—Director of Medical Art. T HE Deportment of Medical Art has just passed it’s first birthday and while it is still the youngest in the School of Medicine it con boast of an increase of one hundred per cent, in enrollment over the spring term. We would like to say to the class of 1933: keep your eyes always alert for the unusual, the striking features of the clinical material that will pass under your observation from the very moment you begin the practice of medicine. You are the new generation of physicians; to your charge will be given the teaching of the generation that follows you: from your pens will come the textbooks of the future; theory and practice today undreamed of will be born of your studies and research. The aim of Medical Illustration is to help you to record and present in a graphic form to your fellow workers in medicine these observations and to preserve them for the instruction of your students. A certain doctor, well known to Philadelphia and to the medical world, remarked to me that he was planning to write a book on his specialty. "I am going to take what drawings and photographs I have and arrange my text around them. In the past few years I have been collecting more and more material in picture form, but when I think of all that has slipped away from me--------" Don’t let your material slip away! It may seem like an expensive program to begin when everything else relative to the start of a medical career entails such a financial outlay. But if you wait for your really big case to start your collection you’ll probably not recognize it—until it is gone by. Sharpen your eye on some of the smaller game. Don’t save your first shot for a twelve-tined buck. The men who have led medical thought and practise in each generation are the men who have thought out their problems and put down their conclusions on paper for their fellow practitioners. New bottles for new wine! Original thoughts must be demonstrated by original illustrations. The medical artist of today is trained to march with the pioneer in medicine. Give him a free hand to work out your idea in an original vein worthy of the idea. Not everything has already been illustrated, and old illustrations are not always a good basis for planning the new. This department wishes each of you success in your chosen field, wherever it be: the sick room, the classroom, the laboratory or the surgical amphitheatre. Ona hundred eighty-eightThe Skull Skull Biographies —No. 1 FRANK HAMMOND KRUSEN, M.D. A SON of one of the best known physicians and medical educators of Philadel-phia. Dr. Krusen himself, when the time had arrived to choose his life work, decided to follow in his father's footsteps and to devote himself to a medical career. Since his graduation from medical school, some ten years ago, he has become prominently known in his native city. Philadelphia, as a leading authority on physical therapeutics, as a member of the medical faculty of Temple University and as a medical writer and editor. Frank Hammond Krusen was born in Philadelphia. June 26, 1898. a son of Dr. Wilmer and Elizabeth (Gilbert) Krusen. His father is one of the leading physicians of Philadelphia, having served at one time as director of health of this city. Fie is emeritus professor of gynecology at Temple Medical School, honorary vice-president and a member of the board of trustees of Temple University, president of Philadelphia College of Pharmacy and Science, a member of the Prison Board, and a member of the Philadelphia Chamber of Commerce and of many other civic and scientific organizations. Dr. Krusen himself received his early education at the William Penn Charter Preparatory School, from which he was graduated in 1915. He took his premedical and medical studies at the Jefferson Medical College, graduating from that institution with the degree of M.D. in 1921. During the following year, 1921-22, he was resident pathologist at Jefferson Hospital and then served for two years. 1922-24, as resident physician at that institution. During 1924-25 he was clinical assistant in surgery at the Jefferson Medical College. During 1924-26 he also served as medical director of the Yellow Cab Company and during 1925-26 as assistant surgeon at the Philadelphia General Hospital. Like his father Dr. Krusen is prominently active in the affairs of Temple University and more praticularly the Medical School, of which he has been associate dean since 1925. Since 1926 he has also been director of dispensaries at the Temple University Hospital and since 1929 associate in medicine and director of the department of physical medicine, the field in which he has specialized and in which he is recognized as an expert. He has also been director of the department of physical therapy at the Jewish Hospital since January. 1933. and is consultant in physical therapy to the Norristown State Hospital for the Insane. In spite of these numerous activities Dr. Krusen has found time for considerable work as a medical writer. He is associate editor of the "Pennsylvania State Medical Journal," a member of the editorial board of the "Archives of Physical Therapy. X-ray and Radium" and the author of numerous articles, including the following: "Heliotherapy of the Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis," published in the "American Review of Tuberculosis" (August. 1927); "The Teaching of Physical Therapeutics to Undergraduate Medical Students, ' published One hundred eighty-nine ion 1933 I: f IhI Skull in the "Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges" (March, 1930); "The Clinical Application of the High Frequency Currents," published in the "Medical Review of Reviwes" (May. 1930); "The Physical Therapy Clinic of the Temple University Hospital," published in "Modern Hospital" (June, 1930); "Strip Film Photography as an Aid in Medical Teaching," published in the "Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges" (September, 1930). "William Gilbert, the Father of Electrotherapy." published in the "Archives of Physical Therapy, X-ray and Radium" (December, 1931). "Education in Physical Therapy," published in "American Medicine" (November, 1931), and "Physical Therapy: An Aid to Routine Medical and Surgical Practice" (A motion picture demonstration), published in the "New England Journal of Medicine" (September 8. 1932). Dr. Krusen also wrote the chapter on "Electrical Surgery" in "Sajous’ Cyclopedia of Medicine," and a text book on "Light Therapy." published by Paul B. Hoeber. Inc., N. Y. C. (March. 1933). During the World War, while still attending Jefferson Medical College, he served in the Students' Army Training Corps as Acting First Sergeant of Company C. Dr. Krusen is past president of the Pennsylvania Physical Therapy Association and vice-president of the American Academy of Physical Therapy, and a member of the following organizations: The American Medical Association, Pennsylvania State Medical Society, Philadelphia County Medical Society, Philadelphia Medical Club, Philadelphia Pathological Society, Philadelphia Clinical Association. American Congress of Physical Therapy, of the Program Committee of which he is chairman. He also belongs to the medical fraternity of Phi Alpha Sigma and Theta Nu Epsilon Fraternity. His religious affiliations are with the Protestant Episcopal Church. Dr. Krusen married in Philadelphia. May 28, 1921, Margaret Louise Borland, a daughter of James Robert and Kathryn Elizabeth (Lawser) Borland. Dr. and Mrs. Krusen have one daughter, Joanne Elizabeth Krusen. born March 23. 1926. Ono hundred ninety 1933Ihe Skull Genius BY NATHANIEL W. WINKELMAN. M.D. "P HE appearance of a genius in art. science, or sport is a spec-■ tacular event to the general public. To the cognoscenti it is impressive and mystifying. To those who are working in the particular field the sudden revelation of an outstanding figure who betters with ease all present and past efforts is awe-inspiring and in some respects disheartening. Genius towers head and shoulders above the achievements of a world striving for excellence. It seems to reach at a bound, with infinite grace and ease, goals vainly besieged for generations. A few scattered instances. For many years the established marks for the halt mile, the mile, two mile and longer distances remained unbroken. The youth of Ihe worlc everywhere tried to better these without success. Suddenly a Finnish athlete, Paavo Nurmi, without special training, hung up new records for all these distances. And did so with such ease that physicians and trainers, watch in hand, seeing him circle the track, sensed a peculiar physical make-up. There were reports that he seemed immune from the ordinary fatigue of heart and lungs that held back the rest ot mankind. Yet by a twist of Fate, which is frequently encountered, his outstanding performances heralded the appearance of a group of remarkable track athletes, and a general shattering of track records took place in the next few years. The fact is noteworthy and will be stressed later. For many years Tilden dominated the world of tennis, and his story is of interesi to the psychologist because it reveals an ambitious youth, reared in a tennis atmosphere, who met with only modest success in his initial efforts. This was followed by an intensive period of training and a final mastery of the game which has never been equalled. It is a shining example for Adler who finds the seeds of ultimate achievement in an initial failure. In golf the name of Robert T. Jones is one to conjure with. When in 1930 he annexed four major championships in England and America, the realm of sport was electrified. Each of these victories was, of course, front page copy; but the real influence of such surpassing skill could be witnessed in the galleries that followed him, and in the locker rooms where his fellow experts congregated. Lifelong golfers, who had struggled vainly to better a ninety or a hundred, facetiously remarked, as they watched a veritable golf machine unroll his pars, that they were ready to give up the game in disgust. Among the professionals and talented amateurs there was something more than the respect accorded a master competitor; there was a profound disillusion, a deep seated regret of a life of effort that seemed meaningless. Such a view of genius must, of course, be limited to a handful in each field who normally share the honors, but at best indicates the relative position of One hundred ninety-one 1933Ihe Skull the occasional super performer by comparison with the best of his contemporaries. In golf, too, the after effects of the almost incredible records of Jones are important. Upon his return the standard of expert play rose and everywhere competition became keener and the marks set by him were under fire. Outside of competitive sport, genius takes many forms. In mathematics an occasional prodigy masters the most complex formulas and performs the most difficult operations with extraordinary speed. The medical profession contains several notable inslances of men who mastered the entire range of medical lore, and by the breadth of their knowledge and their grasp of the technique towered above even the most brilliant of their associates. To lawyers. John G. Johnson occupies a similar lofty niche. The scope of his work and the number of great cases he handled personally set him apart from even the outstanding lawyers. His biography will cast real light upon the underlying factors which make such accomplishment possible. The term "genius” is so frequently associated with precocity that to many it connotes an early display of great talent. I believe that this has been overemphasized. The comparatively rare exhibition of great skill at an early age is so arresting that it receives undue publicity. There have been great writers, artists, scientists and athletes who early showed unusual promise, but these instances are balanced by many cases stressed by Adler in which an early handicap has been overcome. Most frequently ultimate excellence represents a gradual maturing of the natural powers. Caruso as a boy in the church choir attracted attention by his golden voice; Macaulay and DeQuincy in their early teens challenged the work of mature men. Chatterton, Keats, Shelley and Byron early wrote splendid verses, but the work of the poet is singularly attuned to the note of youth. Talent for sculpture and painting appears to reveal itself at an early age. Italian urchins of seven and eight, playing in sand, take readily to sculpture, and many school boys, given pencil and crayon, draw sketches which astonish their instructors. In music the roll of youthful prodigies is too long for special mention. Here, popular opinion makes a sharp distinction between those who either have or lack a musical flair. It is doubtful whether the line of demarcation is so well defined. The presentation of the subject, the will, and desire to learn, and the stimulus of work probably play an important part. Initial difficulties which often mean the end of musical instruction, as in other things, frequently are no indication whatsoever of ultimate talent. Once overcome, real progress may be made. On the other hand, many have achieved distinction in spite of real obstacles. And here, too, the list is long and recounting it would serve no purpose. The citation of examples does not explain genius. The subject has been surrounded with an aura of mystery, fostered most sedulously by those who wear its mantle. In its presence those who plod along from day to day feel too abashed to ask the why and wherefore. Science itself has its own genii and has hesitated to seek the secrets of Marconi, Edison, Ciervera. In one particular field, real observation and study was made. While the world's most famous chess masters were gathered in Moscow in 1925, the neurologists and psychiatrists of the city made an extended One hundred ninety-two 1933"The Skull m examination of each of these men. The results were embodied in a brochure which sought to formulate the facts which had been instrumental in raising those men above other chess players throughout the world. The background for such study was excellent. Chess has always had its infant prodigies, like Capablance. Alekhine. Reshevsky. and its mental marvels, like Pillsbury, Lasker and Morphy. The extraordinary memory feats of Pillsbury and the imaginative power necessary for simultaneous blindfold play had indeed been observed with interest by the medical profession for half a century. These studies are particularly illuminating; they indicate the great part played by the unconscious in the work of the expert. It had been frequently noted in the study of dreams that the visual sense is more keen at such times, than during waking hours. The same must be said of other senses—memory, the imagination, and to this extent great original compositions in art and music are possible in proportion to the success of the artist in tapping the little understood depths of the unconscious. The layman recognizes this instinctively. He knows that under the pressure of a great moment only the most automatic reflexes can be relied upon. The great billiard player, like Hoppe, the great marksman . . . in the stress of competition performs with consistent excellence only because each motion has by iteration become part of the performer. This, in my opinion, is the most salient characteristic of superlative performance. It results from a natural aptitude and a transcendent concentration. The technique becomes so much a part of the performer that the entire effort is emotional rather than intellectual. To understand the process fully, some of the alleged distinctions between talent and genius which have been commented upon by writers of all times should be noted. Discussing the nature of genius, Galton referred to the original meaning of the term—a lesser divinity which accompanied each individual human being. This meaning is still reflected in the phrase, "His good (or evil) genius prompted him." "The modern word, however," he went on to state, "indicated an ability that is exceptionally high and at the same time inborn." He further asserted that while the man of talent displayed natural abilities far above the average, these rested upon education and training and were marked by artistic execution rather than invention. The peculiar mark of genius rested in creation or invention. Lowell made a similar distinction, and Ruskin, Meredith. Hazlett. and poets and philosophers innumerable have reiterated the same thought. These worshippers of genius unite in treating it as divine gift that sets a man apart from men of talent and takes its inspiration from above. With this I cannot agree. Carlyle defined genius as the capacity of taking infinite pains among other things, and colloquial America describes it as ten per cent, inspiration and ninety per cent, perspiration. Eugenio Tanzi, most brilliant Italian neurologist, thus describes the subject in his monumental work on neurology: One hundred ninety-three sr 1933 TTTe Skull "According to Lombroso. degeneration is almost always an accompaniment of epilepsy, this clinical stigma is the most important of the anthropological stigmata, and assumes the importance of a cause: more especially criminality and genius are simply forms of physical epilepsy. This conception involves an unwarrantable amplification of the limits that may legitimately be assigned to psychical epilepsy, an entirely mystical idealization of what is called genius, and one-sided interpretation of criminality, which is rarely constitutional. "There is nothing really that is monstrous, patholoqical, or marvelous about genius, except the wonder of simple-minded people who bow down and worship it. Men of genius are merely intelligent persons who have been capable of great constancy in their efforts, and who have been fortunate in the judgment, not always just, that posterity has passed upon them. The ideas of such persons are not so intuitive or spontaneous as we are apt to think from such examples as that of the too-famous apple of Newton, and for their maturation it is not essential to have romantic surroundings or a psychopathic emotional nature. Just as the genesis of many other human variations can hardly as yet be said to constitute a scientific problem, so also there is no problem of genius, and much less a theory: and still less tenable is the disastrous conception that liken genius to epilepsy and the flash of genius to a convulsive discharge." Oppenheim. the greatest of German neurologists, whom we consider a medical genius of the highest order, came to the same conclusion. Bulwer-Lytton expressed a similar view: "Every man who observes vigilantly and resolves steadfastly, grows unconsciously into genius." Recently I examined the original note books of an eminent writer whose work is known particularly for the unusual finish and quality of his lines. In these books he had painstakingly placed memoranda for future use. plots, character sketches and figures of speech. All these data were classified, and most striking was a complete analysis he had made alphabetically of every word used in his plays so that no unusual repetition would occur. He had indeed begun the study of iiterature at an early age and this had been the passion of his whole life. In constructing his plays, he had covered all the existing writings on his subject, had made special studies of heraldry, astrology, precious stone, fabrics and numberless topics indirectly referred to in his work. He was indeed a man of native talent with a great faculty for observation. But his methods convinced me that the extraordinary mental grasp of Shakespeare must have been cultivated in the same laborious manner. We must revert to the theses of Lombroso who emphasized the one-sidedness of genius. He stressed his belief that genius in mental fields usually accompanied an inferior physical make-up and on the other hand that the marvels of athletic skill were mentally below par. He pointed to Kant. Spinoza. Stevenson, and the hundreds of frail poets, writers, mathematicians, philosophers and scientists whose work brilliantly illumes the pages of history. A similar idea that the great thinker must develop his mental powers at the expense of his body survives among many in Europe and America, a relic of traditional asceticism that is as old as the race and still dominates the East. carrying the thought to its logical conclusion, predicted that the On© hundred ninoty-four 1933Ihe Skull great generals of the future would be helpless cripples who would have to be carried to and from the seat of war. but whose brilliant minds would evolve strategic plans. The late Steinmetz, inventive electrical wizard, and the occasional genius who rises to great heights in spite of physical deformity receive great publicity and foster such a notion. The real fact, subject only to corollaries which we shall note, is that a healthy mind can be found only in a healthy body and that the equal development of both leads to the best achievement. Other things being equal, mens sana accompanies a body that is sound. The exceptional men who have achieved prominence for mental or physical attainment in spite of shortcomings of body or mind only emphasize the general principle that the best work of the world is done by well-rounded men whoso minds and bodies are splendidly coordinated. The sporting world in its own language uses the phrase, "a good big man can beat a good little man." The roster of great physicians, lawyers, ministers, writers ... by and large includes men to whom nature had generously given sturdy physiques and sound minds. Even the most refined thinking is a tax upon physical stamina, and without mental endurance no great creative work is possible. A less obvious subject is brought up by the further thesis of Lombroso that: "High intelligence implies a finely wrought and peculiarly excitable brain: and these characteristics of the nervous system, balanced in the case of the genius by preservative conditions, may appear in his near relatives without the required checks and preservatives, as some form of eccentricity, if not of mental derangement." This thought is further elaborated by recent psychiatrists, and expressed in Freudian terms. Frink subscribes to the same view, although his quotation confuses great activity with genius. "I have reason to believe that this case of militant femininism is not entirely unique. A certain proportion of at least the most militant suffragists are neurotics who. in some instances, are compensating for masochistic trends, in others, are more or less successfully sublimating sadistic and homosexual ones (which usually are unconscious). I hope this statement may not be construed as an effort on my part to throw mud on woman suffrage, for on the whole I am very much in favor of it. As a matter of fact, it is nothing to the discredit of any movement to say that perhaps many of its conspicuous supporters are neurotics, for as a matter of fact, it is the neurotics that are pioneers in most reforms. The very normal people who have no trouble in adjusting themselves to their environment are as a rule too sleek in their own contentment to fight hard for any radical changes, or even to take much interest in seeking to have such changes made. To lead and carry through successfully some new movement or reform, a person requires the constant stimulus of a chronic discontent (at least it often seems so) and this in a certain number of instances is surely of neurotic origin and signifies an imperfect adaptation of that individual to his environment. Genius and neurosis are perhaps never very far apart, and in many instances are expressions of the same tendency." The belief that genius borders on madness is as old as literature and philosophy. Seneca wrote: "There is no genius free from some tincture of madness." Coleridge echoed the same thought when he hailed the poet in the lines: One hundred ninely-five 1933Ihe Skull "Beware! Beware His flashing eyes, his floating hair! Weave a circle round him thrice, And close your eyes with holy dread: For he on honey-dew hath fed And drunk the mild of Paradise."—Kubla Khan Shakespeare has also written of "the poet's eye in a fine frenzy rolling." The feats of mind and memory performed by virtuosos in music and art are frequency so striking that they foster the myth of a special dispensation from above or of the particular inspirational flash of genius. "There are no laws by which we can v rite Iliads," said Ruskin. "Genius is ever a riddle in itself." wrote Richter, and Dryden struck a popular note when he said. "Genius must be born and never can be taught," while Churchill joined in the acclaim of the legendary figures of history, adding thar genius was independent of circumstances, and hewed a path through obstacles. This has been a popular refrain from time immemorial. Yet I must take my stand with Tanzi. and those who believe that nothing is unexplainable. "Genius is only great patience," wrote one of the realists; "Genius is intensity," averred Balzac, himself a notable figure on any list of the great. "Genius can never despise labor; it is the faculty of growth," was the direct challenge to Emerson and his school of thought which culminated in Elbert Hubbard and the superficial business philosophers of the recent past. There is a real explanation of the occasional eccentricity of the great minds. In a competitive world, we have left behind the ideal of Lord Chesterfield who admonished his son that the true mark of a gentleman was a familiarity with most branches of knowledge and sport and an intense application to none of these. An age of specialization has narrowed the intellectual horizon of each of us. and those v ho would excel in specialized fields must further concentrate to an abnormal degree. Such concentration excludes other interests essential to a well-rounded personality. It borders perilously on a fixation which is a well defined psychosis. To that extent intense concentration, that is the first requirement for matchless performance is invested with danger, leading by an imperceptible stage to a condition of mind clearly pathological. Such singleness of purpose makes the mind observant and receptive to every fact which may be of value to that end. The process goes on consciously and unconsciously when the subject is asleep. The work of creation— inventive genius—is ihe final blossoming of a plant that has been long nourished and tended. A brilliant writer recently indicated to me his complete disdain of the work of most authors; he had ceased to read because he felt it interfered with his own original creative work. Yet this man had been an avid reader of the best literature for thirty years, and everything that came from his pen could be traced to the vast material he had absorbed, and which in turn was transmuted into new form by the alchemy of his own mind. I place the greatest emphasis upon continued unconscious thinking which goes on in sleeping as well as waking moments. The depths of the unconscious mind seem One hundred ninety-six 1933“The Skull capable of ultimate strokes beyond the obvious logical conscious processes. The solution of knotty problems can be linked to a series of intellectual steps, but the final flash which lights up the hidden key in many cases comes from the unconscious. A renowned Egyptologist describes how the secret code of mystifying inscriptions v as revealed to him in a dream. Every worker who daily grapples with perplexing situations finds an occasional solution in the same way. A noted chess expert described his method of solving problems on the chess board. He spent five or ten minutes over a difficult position; if at the end of that time the solution v as not clear, he put the matter aside for several days. Invariably he found that the most baffling set-up which seemed most perplexing at the end of the first sitting, seemed to reveal its secret when he took it up afresh after several days. He felt that the real work was done unconsciously. In a famous story by O. Henry, The Cop and the Anthem, the author wished to describe a cheap restaurant in contrast with the ornate hotel from which his hero had just been excluded. "The air and the crockery." he wrote, "were thick, and the soup and the napery were thin." In two lines a cheap restaurant had been etched unforgetably. Yet I doubt if O. Henry could have used such language by merely improvising as he sat at his desk. I explain the continuous flow of such splendid imagery in a search for material, for metaphors and for language that was unending. He wrote well, because a ceaseless concentration stored his mind with material for years. The plays of Shakespeare in my opinion are only the visible third of a vast iceberg of ceaseless study, work, and what is most important, devotion to a single ideal. It is not necessary to discuss the mooted question of whether genius is hereditary. Certainly, however, a physical make-up which is best adapted for various pursuits can be fostered and developed from generation to generation. An unconscious process of natural selection comparable to professional breeding does take place. This is more important in athletics than in the arts and sciences. Yet a penchant for music, sculpture and painting may be handed down in the particular type of brain that is given. Less debatable is the advantage conferred by an early environment. Th’s can be noted among certain races who have devoted themselves to particular vocations and to special groups of workers whose trade goes back for many generations. Children of the Bedouins are literally born in the saddle and ride the most fiery horses at an age v hen an American boy is first entrusted upon his pony. Among circus folk and acrobats, the most amazing feats are possible only because training has begun in infancy, and has continued in the professional atmosphere. It is difficult to overestimate the advantages conferred by this early introduction to a life work. The Barrymores, referred to as the royal family of the stage, irrespective of their natural histrionic talent, acquired most of the technique of the stage before they learned their alphabets, while others in the same field had to laboriously study the elements at school and college. Fortunately, familiarity with a business or profession often leads to contempt, and the sons of successful and unsuccessful bankers and One hundred ninety-seven 1933The Skull lawyers prefer the more alluring pastures of the unknown. Else the comparatively few families that have profitably plowed the same furrow for decades would have been multiplied many times, making the entry of the newcomer most difficult. Those who merely drift into a particular role or take up their life work by chance are entirely outclassed by the few whose systematic training was begun at an early age. When to this is added an initial aptitude for specific work, a sympathetic atmosphere which encourages continued development, and a certain monetary reward which justifies unremitting concenrration, the maestro so matured stands head and shoulders above those whose background has been accidental casual. In rare instances, such advantages are themselves the result of chance. In the case of John G. Johnson, greatest of legal figures, a rugged heritage endowed him with a magnificent physique, a fine mind and a zest for work. By chance, however, a splendid practice came to him shortly after he was admitted to the Bar. Before he was twenty-five years old, he was occupied daily with hundreds of legal problems; comparison between him and the average lawyer with an occasional case discloses there is no mystery in Johnson's leadership of the Bar at forty. So among the physicians an early association with great hospitals and a routine of varied cases is the background of every great surgeon or diagnostician. Osier, Deaver. the Mayos . . . haunted the hospitals, lived a daily round of operations. If. as the French say. appetite comes with eating, so new and brilliant ideas anc advances in technique are made by those who are entirely wrapped up in their work. Practice alone, however, and hard work do not suffice. The number of ambitious and plodding nonentities is too great. An original aptitude—physical stamina or mental make-up—may be absent. An early drill in sound fundamentals may have been missed and incessant practice will never make up for this. A proper reward for the work done is essential too. Thousands set out to attain distinction, and in spite of real talent cannot overcome the mental opiate of a lack of appreciation among friends and the world at large. Such appreciation is best evidenced by a financial payment. Those who must struggle along hoping for some ultimate reward cannot share the morale, the will to win, which the world's practical recognition brings. The worker who has an outlet for his product, the writer whose plays or stories are certain of wide publication, the tenor who has won even slight recognition ... all have the incentives for high endeavor which cannot be matched by the struggling artist long sickened by a world deaf to his knock. The laboratories of vast corporations, the research departments of great foundations and large hospitals afford similar advantages to the scientist in contrast to the lone adventurer in these fields. The stimulus that results from association with others doing the same work and the new avenues of thought mutually suggested, often leads to groups of notable experts each of whom outranks the best elsewhere. Here, too, examples from history and literature and the current centers of art. music, science . . . readily suggest themselves. Under close scrutiny, the inspirational character of genius fades into thin air. Ono hundred ninety-eight 1933The Skull 933 The true earmark of the great mind is the ability to make use of the best work of others: invariably the great figure that on sight seems to have flashed on the horizon, is revealed as the temporarily final exponent of the progress made by other men. He is the product of the original ideas of many others as well as his own. In each field, too, there are great teachers and special training and books which breed talent. It must be clear that even a super mind cannot compete with the organized efforts of a hundred brilliant minds. These things become obvious to a man of science. The great surgeon knows the technique of each of his contemporaries, and starting at this point, adds the final touch of his own originality. The great natural genius never existed: the possibility of his appearance becomes more remote as the road to mastery grows longer no matter whither we turn. The parallel between genius and insanity which has been loosely made by many non-medical writers can be elaborated in detail. In fact, such an exposition of some of the minute characteristics of the insane will no doubt startle even those v ho have glibly urged the general analogy. Those who have read Chesterton’s brilliant work on Charles Dickens and nave further been regaled by his essays, will remember his remarkable play of words. Similar sounding nouns and adjectives are marshalled to produce parodoxes and aphorisms until the average toiler in words is amazed at his mental dexterity. Yet our admiration for this gift must be tempered when we recall that in several clearly defined cases of insanity, the deft play with words is a striking characteristic. Many of the patients in the asylums presented to a physician for observation resort to the play of words as readily as other types to a low moan. The highly imaginative author, who marches his characters through the pages of his books, reaches the heights only because he lives in an unreal world. The figures he has conjured up take on reality. Yet this process is singularly close to the morbid illusions of the mentally unbalanced. Mental experts are divided as to whether continued work of this kind is compatible with normality. The best that can be said for the imaginative poet and novelist is: "He habited a world within a world." One hundred ninety nineMEDICAL SOCIETIES . . NE of the integral parts of all seats of learning is the extra-curricular activity, on the part of its student body. In some schools this may trend towards the athletic world: in others, the social life of a community: but in a school preparing students for the medical profession, such an extra-curricular interest would naturally tend toward augmenting the purpose of the school. And with this the salient viewpoint of the founders and members of the various societies. we find our student body taking an active interest in this important part of our medical education. The purposes of the combined active medical societies, of our School of Medicine, can be summed up as follows: (1) To broaden the knowledge of the student body by presenting, at their respective meetings, subjects relative to the particular society's activity, in the field of medicine. (2) Preparing the student for future active participation in presentations of papers before their respective County Medical Societies: by the stimulation of interest in presenting various topics of interest before the student societies. The importance of this last general purpose cannot be overemphasized; as the study and art of medicine depends on this interest on the part of our doctors of the future. That the present active societies are fulfilling these general purposes, can be readily appreciated by the perusal, in the following pages, of the special interests and activities of the respective societies, taking an active part in the extra-curricular interests of our School of Medicine."The Skull The Babcock Surgical Society 1933 FOR men may come and men may go. but the Babcock Surgical Society goes on forever. Founded in 1905, the organization holds the joint distinction of being both the oldest and most selective society in the University. Our beloved founder and president. Doctor William A. Steel, likes to think of his group as "aged in the wood" but we. his humble followers, choose to go farther and say it is truly "aged and mellowed in the Steel." The Freshman's ambition, the Sophomore's hope, and the honored Junior's and Senior's realization, is to be a "Babcock man." Periodically, throughout the year many notable physicians and surgeons have addressed informal, clinical meetings of the society. In conjunction with the topic of the evening student members have distinguished themselves by delivering prepared orations "a la Webster" to the enlightenment of all present. We take this opportunity to congratulate those members for their earnest efforts and encourage them to even greater endeavors in the future. The annual banquet is the highlight of the year. It is here that our one and only John P. comes into his own in arranging a veritable "Mardi Gras" of great celebrities with good food, good fellowship, and priceless atter-dinner speeches. Yes, we are proud of your society. Doctor Wayne, and we hope in the years to come that "America's Little Giant of Surgery" will be proud of us. Two hundred twoFwo hundred three 1933 "IhI Skull Babcock Surgical Society OFFICERS Honorary President . W. WAYNE BABCOCK. A.M.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Pres‘de" ............................. WILLIAM A. STEEL. 8.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Secretary-Treasurer ...................................JOHN P. EMICH. M.D. Student Vice-President ................................... J. EDWIN PUGH Student Secretary.......................................G. GORDON SNYDER FACULTY MEMBERS G. Mason Astlev, M.D. W. Wavne 8abccck, A.M.. M.D. F.A.C.S. John O. Bower. Ph.G., M.D.. F.A.C.S. W. Emory Burnett. B.A., M.D.. F.A.C.S. John C. Burns. M.D. J. Norman Coombs. M.D., F.A.C.S. John P. Emich. M.D. Worth B. Forman. M.D. J. Howard Frick, M.D.. F.A.C.S. Giecchinio P. Gimbolvo. M.D. Martin H. Gold. M.D. Joseph N. Grossman. M.D. Hugh Hayford. M.D. D. J. Kennedy, M. D. Louis Kimmelman, M.D. John Leedom. M.D. Gerald H. Pratt. M.D. Griffith T. Ratcliffe. M.D. William A. Steel. B.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. F. L. Zaborowski. M.D. Robert K. Arbuckle Normal K. Beals Paul E. Biron Charles J. Celasibette Frank Costa O. Anderson Engn Roswell H. Fichthorn 1933 Lawrence D. Gallagher LyCurquS M. Gurley Leo V. Hand John F. Hartman Carmen Imporiolc Donald W. Ingham Walter A. Johnson Charles H. McDevitt Roland S. Murt Abraham Myors J. Edwin Pugh Kenneth G. Reinheimor Adolph F. Reiter Wilfred H. Winey Goorge R. Beddow Richard C. Bew John E. Biddle Chester A. Conrad John W. Crosson 1934 Lyle C. Ealy Samuol W. Eisenberg John J. Ford Merrill B. Hayes Robert J. Kressler Daniel J. Preston John Z. Preston Doan R. Shannon G. Gordon Snyder Ralph W. Thumma Gustavus C. Bird. Jr. J. Howard Frick. Jr. 1935 Edward K. Lawson. Jr. Homer R. Mother. Jr. John R. Minehart. Jr. ThI Skull Hickey Physiological Society FOUNDED with the idea of furthering knowledge by investigation and amplification of principles laid down in the classroom, the Hickey Physiological Society came into being in 1922. Through the medium of this society students are enabled to study definite subjects relative to their work and report them at subsequent meetings. This organization is valuable not only in encouraging independent work, but also in developing the abilities of the student in the correct delivery of a scientific paper. The facilities of the new school have given greater possibilities for work: and from its origin among a group of young men the society has grown to embrace members of all four classes who play an active part in its varied programs. However, all the meetings are not centered around student work, but at every one a guest speaker delivers a lecture, developing and showing new aspects of the work which the students have done as an introduction to his work. It has been the pleasure of the organization's members to listen to many distinguished men in the field of medicine. Dr. William E. Hughes, the famous clinician; Dr. John B. Carnett, whose work on Intercostal Neuralgia is gaining much prominence; Dr. James B. Kennedy, the pupil of the late Dr. Joseph Price: Dr. Arthur C. Morgan, a man of varied famed accomplishments; and numerous others. As a unique and altruistic feature of the society, "the proceeds from each yearly income, composed for the most part of student dues is set aside for the purpose of establishing a Research Fellowship in Physiology. Two hundred four 1933The Skull The Hickey Physiological Society PATRON J. GARRET HICKEY. D.D.S.. M.D. Professor of Physiology HONORARY MEMBERS W. Wayne Babcock, M.O.. F.A.C.S. Professor of Surgery. Harry E. 8acon. M.D. Matthew S. Ersner, M.D., F.A.C.S. Professor of Otology. Edwin Sartein Gault. M.D. Associate in Pathology and Bacteriology. Annie Bertram Hall. M.D. Edward l.arson. 8.S., M.S.. Ph.D. Asst. Professor of Pharmacology. Ruth Webster Lathrop. B.A.. M.D. Associate Professor of Physiology. Alfred E. Livingston, M.S.. Ph.D. Professor of Pharmacolgy. Arthur C. Morgan. M.D., SC.D, F.A.C.P. Emeritus Profossor of Clinical Medicine. John B. Roxby, M.D. Professor of Anatomy OFFICERS President.......................................... . . .JOSEPH C. HATCH Vice-President .. ... ..................................JOHN W. CROSSON Treasurer .............................................EDWARD K. LAWSON Secretary ......................................... ... .JAMES J. HARRIS Two hundred five 1933 Fhe Skull Wriqht Dermatological Society IN KEEPING with the advancing and progressive spirit of the School of Medicine of Temple University, the Wright Dermatological Society has been acting as a connecting link in the preparation of students as men of Medicine. Just as important as it is for the medical student to know his subject matter, so it is perhaps far more important for him to be acquainted with fhe trend of thought and the general philosophy of Medicine. The Society provided this opportunity. Last year it was instrumental in bringing to Temple University Dr. Udo J. Wile, Dean of the School of Medicine at the University of Michigan, who, in a well-prepared, scientific paper, showed that many skin lesions were but manifestations of systemic derangements and medical in nature. With the same thought in mind, the Society this year presented several world renowned dermatologists, among whom was Dr. Howard Fox of New York University. The programs of these meetings were made possible by the loving inspiration and guidance of our Professor of Dermatology and Syphilology. Dr. Carroll S. Wright. These meetings were open to all who cared to learn. They provided a means of combining classroom instruction under the guidance of a teacher with that of student self-initiative in his preparation for the greatest of all the Arts and Sciences— Medicine. Two hundred six 1933The Skull Wright Dermatological Society OFFICERS Honorary President . . DR. CARROLL S. WRIGHT President CHARL'tS ROSENFELD Vice-President WILFRED H. WINEY Treasurer MORRIS LAVIN Secretary . . . . PHILIP R. TROMMER FACULTY MEMBERS Dr. Carroll Spaulding Wright. B.S.. M.D. Dr. Reuben Friedman, M.D. Dr. Jacques Guequierre. M.D. Seniors Juniors Paul E. Biron Walter Alfred H. Banks Leslie Jay Boone Clifford E. Bagley Morris Wolf Brody Samuel Blank Louis A. Chaess William Decherney Jacob J. Cohen Harry Dion Reuben J. Cohen Samuel Morris Diskan Paul Raymond Evans Jack Irvin Feinman Raymond Fine Joseph Forman Jacob J. Freedman Edward Alexander Hanna William Abel Fritz Michael John Herbert Joseph Kristoff Mark Peter Holland Peter Kwiterovitch Milton Albert Honigman Morris Lavin Benjamin House Daniel Maloney Edmund E. Jacobitti Clifford Burzilla Matthews Raymond Kafzin Daniel Menza Samuel Jacob Levitt Nathan Pastor Martin Thomas Macklin John W. Plowman David Mauze Melenson Daniel A. Putignano Albert Abraham Merlin Peter Romanov M. Samuel Perlstein Charles Rosenfeld Jacob Neilson Plummer M. Harriss Samitz James P. Quindlen Emil Sposato Kenneth McFeely Reighter Anthony J. Turfzo Bernard Joseph Roniss Earl Stanley Vollmer George Shucher Wilfred H. Winey Isadore Spark Benjamin Woro Philip R. irommer Charles Harry Yeutter Samuel G. Winson Gabriel Zelesnick Two hundrod seven 1933"The Skull The Winkelman Neurological Society IT IS impossible to understand nervous diseases without comprehension of general medicine and general pathology. But as important as these and requiring as much attention and skilled analysis is the personality of the patient, his situations and his problems. The physician must have, in addition to an adequate grasp of medicine and neurology, a keen knowledge of the instinctive life and of the conditioning of the instincts by experience. He must understand the more complex mechanisms of human nature, tor many disorders are merely an expression of the functioning under difficulty of these complex physiological mechanisms. To aid in this quest for a more mutual understanding between doctor and patient, and also to keep the students informed as to the many changes occurring in Neurology, Psychiatry and Neuro-Surgery, the Winkelman Neurological Society was founded. Under the able guidance of our patron, Dr. Winkelman, Professor of Neurology, the society has risen to inestimable heights. Through Kis efforts and those of Dr. Fay, Professor of Neuro-Surgery, we have had the privilege of listening to inspiring discourses by such famous men as De Schweinit?, Schamberg, Brill. Strecker and Burr. The large attendance always present to hear and enjoy messages these men bring to us is mute evidence of the success of the society in its prime objective, namely, the presentation of matters pertaining to Neurology. Neuro-Surgery and Psychiatry, that cannot be readily attained in the classroom. Two hundred eight 1933The Skull The Winkelman Neurological Society Established 1930 OFFICERS Honorary President................PROF. NATHANIEL W. WINKELMAN. M.D. Honorary Vice-President ............. PROF. TEMPLE FAY, B.S., M.D.. F.A.C.S. 'Honorary Vice-President ... PROF. MAX H. BOCHROCH. M.D. Student President .....................................8ENJAMIN BERKOWITZ Student Vice-President .................. . . . JAMES P. QUINDLEN Secretary............................................. BERNARD G. SLIPAKOFF Treasurer....................................................EDWARD J. LAVIN FACULTY MEMBERS ’Max H. Bochroch, M.D. Edward L. Clemens. M.D. Herbert Darmstodtor, M.D. Ralph L. Drake. M.D. Temple Fay. B.S.. M.D.. F.A.C.S. Nicholas Gotten. M.D. T. E. Lindsay, M.D. Deceased Daniel J. McCarthy, A.B., M.D., F.A.C.P. Mathew T. Moore. M.D. Dovid Nathan. M.D. Maurice Seltzer, M.D. Alexander Silverstein, M.D. Ernst Spiegel. M.D. Nathaniel W. Winkolman. M.D. Benjamin Berkowitz Floyd C. Bowers Paul E. 8iron James Bloom Leslie J. Boone Dovid 8rooks George W. Chernoff Otto A. Engh Morris •$. Ettenger Raymond Fine Clifford E. Begley William Decherney Samuel W. Eisenberg Edgar J. Evans isedore Ginsburg . Louis Goodman Mark P. Holland STUDENT MEMBERS 1933 Aaron Fishman John J. Freeman Moyer Freedman Lawrence D. Gallagher Philip Gerber Frank Glonn Edward J. Lavin Morris Lavin A. Herbert Marbach Clifford B. Mathews David Melliiz 1934 Israel Kessler Walter D. McElroy David M. Melenson John A. Quinn James P. Quindlan Bernard J. Ronis Leon Shoplan Erwin J. Nclowct George S. Peters Daniel A. Putignano Adoleh F. Reiter Waltor J. Rogan Abe J. Rosenfeld Reuben Schwartz Frank S. Stored Clare A. Trueblood Wilfred H. Winoy Jacob R. Siegel Bernard G. Slipakoff Jacob Solit Samuel Tasker Martin J. Walsh Samuel G. Winson Samuel C. Zibelmon Two hundred nine 1933IhI Skull Ralph M. Tyson Pediatric Society CO RECENT an arrival is the Ralph M. Tyson Pediatric Society, in the family of Clinical societies in our School of Medicine, that unless this introduction be written with dispatch, the "Skull" may go to press without it. With the typical enthusiasm of youth, this youngster aspires to heights which are well nigh ideal in their scope. In its anxiety to prove itself worthy of the patronage of Dr. Tyson—who has so expeditiously won the love and admiration of his students—and with the hope of proving itself a worthy constituent of the extracurricular life of our Medical School, sound policies are being formulated and an ambitious program, for the future, outlined. The activities of this society are being specifically directed along lines of Pediatric interests. Membership in the Ralph M. Tyson Pediatric Society will be restricted to those members of the Junior and Senior classes who show a special interest in the subject of Pediatrics. Two hundred ten 1933Ihe Skull Ralph M. Tyson Pediatric Society Honorary President President Vice-President Secretary Treasurer . Edward D. Atlee, M.D. Charles R. Barr, M.D. Paul F. Bender. M.D. James E. Bowman. M.D. William H. Crawford. M.D. Vincent T. Curtin, A.B., M.D. OFFICERS RALPH M. TYSON, M.D. LESLIE J. BOONE WILFRED H. WINEY DANIEL MENZA ABE J. ROSENFELD faculty MEMBERS Robert S. Heffner, M.D. Joseph Levitsky. M.D. P. F. Lucchesi, A.B., M.D. Donald Fraser Lyle, A.B.. M.D. Gerald H. J. Pearson, A.B.. M.D. Henry H. Perlman, M.D. Samuel Goldberg, M.D. Ralph M. Tyson. M.D. Scott P. Verrei. M.D. STUDENT MEMBERS Benjamin Berkowitz Paul E. Biron James Bloom Leslie J. Boone Floyd Clyde Bowers Hugh Gerald Boyle Reuben J. Cohen Otto Anderson Engh Paul Raymond Evans Roswell H. Fichthorn Aaron Fishman John Jay Freeman 1933 Philip Gerber Francis W. Glenn Joseph S. Kondor Morris Lavin Lewis M. McKee Daniel Menza Mack E. Moore Edwin J. Nelowet Carl F. Reichwein Abe J. Rosenfeld Eugene A. Rushin Emil Sposato Lawrence D. Gallagher Wilfred H. Winey Charles Harry Yeutter 1934 Teofil Babacz Walter A. Bank's Harry R. Brooks Louis C. Ceraso Joseph Forman Louis Goodman Edward A. Hanna Mark P. Holland Anthony llacqua Edmund E. Jacobitti James P. Kettrick Two hundred eleven John B. McHugh Martin T. Macklin Kenneth M. Reighter Jefferson N. Richardson Jacob R. Siegel Frank A. Skwirut Samuel Tasker John W. Testa Martin J. Walsh John H. Waring 1933 Ihe Skull The Medical Alumni Association 1933 THE objects of the Association are the promotion of the prosperity of tho School of Medicino of Temple University, the offering of prizes, tho publishing of scientific theses, the collection of anatomical and pathological specimens for tho museum of the School of Medicine, the maintenance and cultivation of good feeling among the alumni. The Alumni Association, each year, on tho day previous to the Annual Commencement, holds on Alumni Clinic Doy at the Temple University Hospital. The meeting occupies the greater part of the day, and includes papers, clinics, luncheon and the business meeting. The onnual dinner to the graduating class is held in the evening. The Board of Directors each ycor awards a loving cup to the olumnus who renders tho groatest service to the School of Medicine. Tho "Quarterly Bulletin of the Medical Alumni Association of Temple University" is its official organ. Copios of each issue ore sent to all graduates, members of the faculty of the Medical School and members of the staff of the Temple University Hospital. President ..................................................H. TUTTLE STULL. M.D. 1st Vice-President ......................................... B. GREENWAY. M.D. 2nd Vice-President........... ..............................A. M. RECHTMAN. M.D. Secretary-Treasurer .................. .. . ...............REUBEN FRIEDMAN. M.D. BOARD OF DIRECTORS Simon Ball. M.D. J. C. Burns, M.D. Isador Forman. M.D. Russell G. Wittman, M.D. John H. Frick. M.D. G. A. Lowrence. M.D. A. Neil Lemon. M.D. Chas. S. Miller. M.D. W- B- Forman. M.D. Scott P. Verrei. M.D. J. M. Alesbury. M.D. J- Ratcliffo. Jr.. M.D. Morris Franklin. M.D. M. S. Ersnor. M.D. C 0- DeLuca. M.D. Two hundred twelve 1 EH EE) I IK Ml L,The Skull The Inter-Fraternity Council Two hundrod fourfoen OFFICERS DR. FRANK H. KRUSEN Faculty Advisor DR. J. MARSH ALESBURY Alumni Advisor K. G. REINHEIMER President J. J. COHEN Secretary A. F. REITER Vice-President W. E. FORD Treasurer N. K. BEALS Historian "J" HE spirit and fine fellowship sponsored by this group are indeed to be considered as a step forward in overcoming antagonism and misunderstanding too often present among fraternities and societies. Enthusiasm for the Medical School of Temple University, as a whole, and working tor the common good of each and every group have been two of our important principles. We hope we have at least cast the line of friendship and honor that will catch a great load of understanding on the hook of open mindedness. If we have accomplished this meager portion of our goal, we will feel our strife was not in vain. NORMAN K. BEALS, Historian. 1933The Skull The Inter-Fraternity Council Representatives OMEGA UPSILON PHI T. CARROL DAVIS, M.D.. Faculty Advisor LESLIE J. BOONE J. N. RICHARDSON PHI CHI J. H. FRICK. M.D.. F.A.C.S., Faculty Advisor K. G. REINHEIMER C. F. POSEY PHI DELTA EPSILON M. S. ERSNER, M.D.. F.A.C.S.. Faculty Advisor A. F. REITER SAMUEL EISENBERG PHI LAMBDA KAPPA LOUIS TUFT. M.D., Faculty Advisor J. J. COHEN S. J. LEVITT ALPHA KAPPA KAPPA W. E. BURNETT. B.A., M.D.. F.A.C.S.. Faculty Advisor W. E. FORD R. A. HARTON PHI RHO SIGMA R. C. BRADLEY. B.S.. M.D.. Faculty Advisor N. K. BEALS J. W. ALLWEIN Two hundred fifteen 1933 I'"jB £■■ .•The Skull Omega Upsilon Phi 1933 Established at Temple, 1919 UPSILON CHAPTER Two hundred sixteen Founded—Univorsity of Buffalo, 1894 ......L. J. BOONE J. N. RICHARDSON ....M. J. WALSH . ..K. M. REIGHTER ___ FRANK COSTA ......J. A. QUIN Publication—"Endless Chain" Flower—Red Carnation Colors—Maroon and Gold OFFICERS Senior Master..................... First Junior Master......... Second Junior Master . ........... Scribe ........................... Chancellor of Exchequer .... Master of Ceremonies . . ......The Skull 1933 Omega Upsilon Phi FRATRES H. Winfield Boehringer. M.D. Harold Bottomley. M.D. John C. Burns, M.D. Peter Castellani. M.D. J. Norman Coombs. M.D., F.A.C.S Leon O. Davis. M.D. John I. Fanz. M.D. T. Carroll Davis, M.D. Albert K. Merchant, M.D. J. Vincent Farrell, M.D. Daniel J. Donnelly, M.D. IN FACULTATE Frank C. Hammond, M.D., F.A.C.S. Frank W. Konzelman, M.D. Savere F. Madonna, M.D. Charles S. Miller. M.D., F.A.C.S. H. Brooker Mills, M.D., F.A.C.P. Melvin A. Saylor. M.D. Leon J. Tunitsky. M.D. Scott P. Verrei. M.D. Charles Q. DeLuca, M.D. L. Vincent Hayes. M.D. Clifford J. Ulshafer. M.D. Leslie J. Boone F. Clyde Bowers Hugh G. Doyle Thomas E. Brobyn Charles J. Calasibetta Frank Costa William F. Fearn Roswell H. Fichthorn John J. Freeman FRATRES IN COLIEGIO 1933 Lawrence D. Gallagher Carmen C. Imperiale Joseph S. Kondor Joseph Kristoff Edward J. Lavin Daniel Menza Daniel A. Putiginano Carl F. Reichwein Walter J. Rogan Peter Romanow 1934 Walter A. Banks John W. Crosson. Jr. Edward A. Hanna Mark P. Holland Anthony M. Ilacqua James P. H. Kettrick Martin T. Macklin 1935 Miles M. Bruno Louis L. Buzaid Ralph G. Ellis James M. Flood William H. Gelnett 1936 Vincent J. DiNicolantonio James B. English Two hundred seventeen John B. McHugh John A. Quin Kenneth M. Reighter Jefferson N . Richardson Frank Skwirut John W. Testa Martin J. Walsh Paul A. Giovinco Ralph C. Lanciano James G. Lisella D. Anthony Santarsiero Francis I. Tomlins Joseph D. Imhof Harold E. LibbyThe Skull Phi Chi THETA UPSILON CHAPTER Founded—University of Vermont, 1889 Established at Temple. 1909 OFFICERS Presiding Senior ............... ..... .PAUL E. BIRON Presiding Junior .....................ROBERT J. KRESSLER Judge Advocate.........................JOHN W. PLOWMAN Secretary .....................................PAUL A. COX Treasurer.....................................EDGAR J. EVANS Sentinel .................................JOSEPH C. HATCH Publication—"Phi Chi Quarterly" Flower—Lily of the Valley Chapter Publication—Temple Doodle Colors—Green and White Undergraduate Active Chapters—63 Two hundred eighteen The Skull Phi Chi FRATRES IN FACULTATE Jesse O. Arnold, M.D., F.A.C.S. W. Wayne Babcock, A.M., M.D., F.A.C.S. Harry E. Bacon, M.D. Charles E. Barr, M.D. Allen G. Beckley, M.D., F.A.C.P. Franklin G. Benedict. M.D. John O. Bower. M.D., Ph.G., F.A.C John P. Emich, M.D. Philip Fiscella, M.D. Frank L. Follweiler, M.D. Worth B. Forman, M.D. J. Howard Frick, M.D., F.A.C.S. G. P. Giambalvo, M.D. S. Bruce Greenway. M.D. Henry C. Groff, M.E., M.D. Hugh Hayford, M.D. Robert K. Arbuckle F. L. Zaborowski, M.D. FRATRES IN COLLEGIO 1933 Kenneth P. Henderson Paul E. Biron Donald W. Ingham Charles A. Bogue cdgar K. Linder William E. Foy Daniel Maloney Stanley H. Hackman Mack E. Moore Thomas M. Hadden Louis C. Pessolano Leo V. Hand John W. Plowman John F. Hartman. Jr. Paul A. Cox 1934 John J. Ford Lyle C. Ealy Robert J. Kressler James A. Ellery Waiter D. McElroy Edgar J. Evans James A. Biggins 1935 John H. Frick, Jr. Gustavus C. Bird, Jr. Harold C. Geiger William A. Bradley, Jr. Joseph C. Hatch Alphonse Clemente Carroll E. Heist Willard J. Irwin 1936 Michael E. Matsko John Kerestes, Jr. Dan H. Persing John E. Knight Thomas Scarlett Two hundred ninetcon Marvin G. Shipps D. J. Kennedy. M.D. Enoch G. Klimas, M.D. Granville A. Lawrence. M.D. John Leedom. M.D. Robert D. MacKinnon. M.D. Edwin H. Mcllvain. M.D. John R. Moore. M.D. Walter S. Nied, M.D. Frank S. Orland, M.D. William N. Parkinson, Dean, M.D.. M.Sc., B.S., F.A.C.S.. LL.D. John B. Roxby, M.D. Adolph Ruff, M.D. William A. Steele. B.S., M.D.. F.A.C.S. H. Tuttle Stull, M.D. Barton R. Young. M.D. James E. Pugh Kenneth C. Reinheimer Eugene A. Rushin Francis A. Sanders Anthony J. Turtzo Clarence H. Willig Wilfred H. Winey Peter Zemo Charles F. Posey Wilson S. Rise G. Gordon Snyder George J. Stark Guy L. Kratzer Edward K. Lawson Wilson H. McWethy Ralph M. Tidd William J. Stahlman Clinton H. Toewe Kenneth J. Wheeling 1933 Ihe Skull Phi Lambda Kappa ALPHA IOTA CHAPTER Founded at University of Pennsylvania, 1907 Established, 1928 OFFICERS Worthy Superior............................BEN WORO Worthy Chancellor...............................GABRIEL ZELESNICK Worthy Scribe..........................JULIUS J. SMITH Guardian of Exchequer....................JACOB J. COHEN Publications—"Phi Lambda Quarterly," "Phi Lambda Kappa" Colors—Blue and WhiteThe Skull Phi Lambda Kappa 1933 FRATRES IN FACULTATE Louis Tuft, M.D. Julius Winston, M.D. Isadore Katz, M.D. Kerman Snyder, M.D. H. Harris Perlman, M.D. Joseph Levitsky, M.D. Louis Kimmelman, M.D. Alexander Cohen, M.D David Stein, M.D. Sol. A. Goldberg. M.D. Morris W. Brody Louis A. Chaess Jacob J. Cohen Reuben J. Cohen Raymond Fine FRATRES IN COLLEGIO 1933 Jacob J. Friedman Morris L’avine Charles Rosenfeld M. Harris Samitz Ben Woro 1934 Henry A. Arkless Joseph E. Forman Abraham Glick Benjamin House Israel Kessler Samuel J. Levitt David Melenson Joseph N. Plummer Isadore Spark Philip R. Trommen Leon Witkin Gabriel Zelesnick 1935 Manuel L. Brodsky Joseph N. Grossman Abraham Kaufman Eugene C. Klein William H. C. Kratka Kube Krichovitz Morris Labess Julius J. Smith Max J. Sonder Will Tonkonow 1936 Martin Cherkasky Joseph Dennis Don Frankel Joseph Frankel Hyman Lorinstein David Schatz Frank Sirulnik Murry Sones Harry Trachtenberg Tv o hundred twenty-oneThe Skull Alpha Kappa Kappa BETA OMICRON CHAPTER OFFICERS Primarius.....................W. EMORY BURNETT, M.D. President ....................... ... .WILLIAM E. FORD Vice-President . ......HOMER R. MATHER, JR. Treasurer.......................CHARLES S. McCONNEL Recording Secretary...... . CHARLES A. STEINER Corresponding Secretary......... SAMUEL O. CURRY Historian....................... CARLIN O. WILLIAMS Marshall ...........................EARL B. HARTMAN Warden............................ROMAN A. HARTAN Two hundred twenty-two 1933[he Skull Alpha Kappa Kappa PRATERS IN FACULTATE W. Emory Burnett. A.B., M.D., F.A.C.S. W. Edward Chamberlain. B.S.. M.D. Eugene T. Foy. M.D. Jacques Guequeirre, B.S., M.D. Chevalier Jackson, Sr., M.D.. ScD.. LL.D., F.A.C.S. John A. Kolmer. M.S., M.D., Dr.P.H., D.Sc., LL.D.. F.A.C.P. A. Neil Lemon, M.D. Edward Merchant, B.A., M.D. Griffith J. Ratcliffe, M.D. Earl A. Schrader, B.Sc., M.C., Ch.E. Ralph M. Tyson, M.D. William E. Ford MEMBERS 1933 Louis M. McKee Louis C. Ceraso Earl S. Vollmer 1934 Roman A. Hartan Earl B. Hartman George A. Ledger Carlin O. Williams 1935 Charles A. Steiner Theodore H. Sivan Gerald W. Husted Charles S. McConnel Harry M. Forbes Homer R. Mather Nestor G. DeQuevedo Samuel O. Curry John F. Carey Gordon D. Weaner Holmes E. Reirine 1936 Leon H. Walker Jay K. Oder Frank M. Henninger John R. Hatten, Jr. Joseph A. Bouisan Aland C. Dent Henry J. Kehili Pledges Two hundred twenty-three 1933The Skull Phi Delta Epsilon Established. 1917 SIGMA CHAPTER Founded at Cornell University, 1903 Active Chapters—54 Publication—"Phi Delta Epsilon News" Flower—Red Carnation Colors—Royal Purple and White Two hundred twenty-four OFFICERS PHILIP GERBER AARON E. FISHMAN REUBEN SCHWARTZ JACOB ROSS SEIGEL . .. . DAVID BROOKS . ABRAHAM B. SAND Consul Vice Consul Chancellor Scribe Historian . Marshal . 1933he Skull Phi Delta Epsilon FRATRES IN FACULTATE Simon Ball, M.D. Sydney Harberg. M.D. Mathan Blumberg, M.D. Harry Herman, M.D. Louis Cohen, M.D. Maurice S. Jacobs, M.D. Frank Chesner, M.D. David Myers, M.D. Herbert J. Darmsfadter, M.D. Saul P. Savitz. M.D. Matthew S. Ersner, M.D., F.A.C.S. Louis A. Soloff, M.D. Isadore Foreman, M.D. Edward Steinfield, M.D. Frank Glauser. M.D. Henry Tumen, M.D. Martin H. Gold, M.D. E. M. Weinberger, M.D. Samuel Goldberg, M.D. Louis H. Weiner, M.D. Joseph N. Grossman, M.D. Michael G. Wohl. M.D. Joseph B. , Wolffe, M.D. FRATRES IN COLLEGIO 1933 Benjamin B. Berkowitz Abraham Mapow David Brooks A. Herbert Marbach George W. Chernoff David 1. Mellitz Morris E. Ettenger William A. Morgan Aaron E. Fishman Abraham Myers Morris S. Fleischman Erwin J. Nelowet Samuel Frankef Adolph F. Reiter Meyer Freedman Abraham J. Rosenfeld Philip Gerber Abraham B. Sand Edward 1. Lipslus 1934 Reuben Schwartz William Decnerney Jacob R. Siegal Samuel W. Eisenberg Bernard G. Slipakoff Samuel D. Gaev Jacob Solit David Milstein Samuel Tasker Bernard J. Ronis Samuel G. Winson Leon Sheplan 1935 Samuel C. Zibelman Samuel Dershawetz David Greenwood David Finkelstein Max Kasser Morris F. Oxman Two hundred twenty-five 1933The Skull Two hundred twenty-six 1933 Phi Rho Sigma ALPHA LAMBDA CHAPTER Established at Temple. 1929 OFFICERS ..WILLIAM PRESTON JAQUISH . JOSEPH FRANCIS MATONIS . . RALPH WILLIAM THUMMA ..........NORMAL KING BEALS . . CLIFFORD EDWARD BAGLEY Publication—The Journal of "Phi Rho Sigma" Colors—Gold and Scarlet and Black Flower—Red Rose Active Chapters—35 Founded—Northwestern University, 1890 President .... Vice-President Secretory Treasurer ...... Senior WardenThe Phi Rho Sigma FRATERS IN FACULTATI Arthur C. Morgan, M.D.. Sc.D.. F.A.C.P. Arthur A. Mitten, M.D., Board of Trustees W. Hersey Thomas, B.A., M.D., F.A.C.S. Robert F. Ridpath. M.D., F.A.C.S. Harry Z. Hibshman, M.D., F.A.C.S. Joseph C. Doane, M.D., F.A.C.P. Ralph C. Bradley, B.S., M.D. Sacks Bricker, M.D. Robert S. Heffner, M.D. Pascal Lucchessi, M.D. FRATERS IN COLLEGIO 1933 William P. Jaquish P. R. Evans Normal K. Beals Joseph F. Matonis John H. Waring Ralph W. Thumma 1934 Joseph W. Allwein Daniel S. Preston Clifford E. Bagley David Chester Young Russell E. Morgan Kenneth L. Shaver Frederick Muckinhoupt 1935 Wheeler Jenkins, Jr. Grover C. Dils Joseph B. Sofranko Eugene C. Miller Elmer E. Miller Ray W. Pickel 1936 Andrew J. Donnelly Gardner T. Saylor Two hundred twenty-$even Skull 1933Ihe Skull Phi Alpha Sigma iota chapter Pounded: Bellevue Medical College, N. Y. C. 1886 Eftablishod at Temple 1932 OFFICERS Primarius................. Sub-Primarius ....... .... Scribus . ........... Custos........................... Active Chapters—7 Colors—Black and White Two hundred twenty-eight 1933 . LEWIS R. WOLF JOSEPH F. DREIER GEORGE E. FIRTH ..JOHN C. VOSSe Skull Phi Alpha Sigma FRATERS IN FACULTATE J. Garrett Hickey. M.D. Frank H. Krusen. M.D. Charles H. Grimes, M.D. Edward L. Clemens, A.B.. M.D., Robert F. Sterner. B.S., M.D. William R. Stecher, M.D. Frank J. Moonan, M.D. Edward D. Atlee, M.D. S. Lawrence Woodhouse, A.B., M.D Milford J. Huffnagle. A.B., M.D. FRATERS IN COLLEGIO 1933 Joseph F. Dreier 1934 Ferdinand K. Engelhart John C. Voss Lewis R. Wolf John E. Keller 1935 1936 George E. Firth Peter P. Machung Leopold A. Potkonski George B. Sharbaugh Two hundred :weniy-nine 1933The Skull « u . SGOL aLe "'T «t OrfO« fk fT «“r TflFF KULL fRPNK co rfl toned in CHicr . Pze no P.PUTI6NANO toiton P.R.evptir UTt«t«Av H. etofp ItllKdBV « 5S2 « 1933UTe SkUll C.c I P£RlftL • " r '"vosXAeHii t.«SS95 SKULL TflFF ■ -’rv - ow '« • CF.RtiCHUJtIN CKIVlATiON n-AHC.i.1 'r KRlSTOFF »«««, '°'» 1933VIRCHOWo RGANIZATIONS LORD LISTERThe Skull 1933 The Four Horsemen—A Saga of the Pre-Clinical Years ALL other things being equal—that will have to be the theme song of this article, as I heard it the first hour in this institution, and probably when I am taking my last look at the light of day (and I most sincerely hope that last look won't be through an Argyll-Robertson pupil). I'll probably say, "All other things being equal, gentlemen, somatic death will now take place." Two hundred thirty-four GARRY. We were tense and nervous—it was the first hour of our medical career—we all looked strangely at each other on the fourth floor. How would the first lecture go and who would give it? A distinguished-looking gentleman walked across the front of the room, paused in the center and threw one eyebrow somewhere in relation to the anterior-superior portion of his frontal bone, and gazing at us as though we were something which some strange feline had dragged across the threshold, said "gentlemen, I congratulate you." So this, by Jove, was medicine— not bad at all being congratulated the first day—I guess we're not so bad after «The Skull all. But to pass further into the course under this chevalier, we can't pause too long on the first day. Who'll forget how such things as the Bainbridge reflex seemed so easy under the control of that spellbinder and so hard when we tried to work them out at night? The heart machine. After playing with all the valves and moving things around in general, I came to the conclusion that the whole thing was done with a few yards of cheese cloth and a complicated series of revolving mirrors: because when I wanted it to regurge, it would stenose, and if anyone v ould ask me what I was doing, the answer would be, "I’ll bite, make me an offer." but mirobile dictu the heart is not so complicated, and when we hit those real doctors over on the other side (by the way. you'll pardon me if I seem to be cooling your soup with my thumb, J. Garret, but who are those real doctors?), I guess we'll know about what they are talking. There is one question which has often happened into my mind, when you were working on a frog up there in front, that is, that somewhere in the back of your mind, there might have been the idea, that why. oh why, must I murder this perfectly good frog, to teach some of these people when it would be much better to work out on, say that fellow in the front row? JOHN B. (I mean the beloved Jack). The second one we met rode on no white steed, but he held the key to those veiled mysteries, which have been the legacy of medical students throughout the ages, i.e., the innards of the human economy. He placed his stamp on us from the first minute, mainly because he made us feel like doctors. There was none of the "hush, hush," and "holier than thou" attitude, which characterized the chairs in some of our colleges, but frankly I learned more names for underneath on that first hour, as well as on top and around, than I thought existed in any lexicon, including Cunningham’s Anatomy. To the time when we'll join the "host triumphant," will we ever forget him when we "are called out in the middle of the night to the bedside." "By continuity and contiguity," we took anatomy like bread takes gravy, and on subsequent dates we could spout most learnedly on the dire things that could happen with a rupture of the middle meningeal artery. Those awful politicians, those ungodly people whom the world calls lawyers, and all those low dullards who, for a "dirty hundred and fifty or two hundred dollars would put a ring in their noses," come into their share of disdain. I think, though, whenever I feel down in the throat, I'll go to my room, and call it diesection and cereeebrum to my heart's content. But, I guess, we're not so hot. since the day that you told us that every time a dog is beaten, he walks around with his tail between his legs, but we, supposedly the highest form, walk around v ith our tails always between our legs. JOHNNIE. I lived in an agony of expectation for two years, for you to cuddle up to the Tv o hundred thirty-five 1933Ihe SkuIl 1933 microphone and coo. "Are you listening, folks," or else croon, "I’m just a vagabond pathologist." instead of standing in staunch defense and saying that "it's not the streptococcus gentlemen that causes such conditions always, gentlemen, but that sneaky insidious gonococcus." The nasty germ! The first day. trying to follow all directions to the letter, I really did buy that can of inside flat paint, the powdered emory and the wallboard, but after painting everything in the room, except the board, I thought I'd better call it spinach and to hell with it. The crowning glory of all was when I tried to arrange the light over the desk and blew out the fuse in the house, the idea became much more noticable in my mind, that, perhaps, it would be for the best to fold up then and there and study the law. Backward, turn backward, oh time in thy flight, make me a pathologist, just for tonight, when I'm trying to learn those types of necroses ("yes, Fanz, up at Temple, is still teaching types of necroses"). "And. gentlemen, I've seen spleens as big as a bathtub, and they had to remove the patient from the spleen, oh, it was a horrible condition." All those "horrible conditions," we saw v ith my "old preceptor," but the payoff was on Thursday afternoons, when, after racking our brains and Stitt looking for the spelling of some of those flukes and worms, you gave the most unkind cut of all by saying, that there was one case isolated in East Burlap. Asia Minor, thirty years ago, which later turned out to be measles and it wasn't in Asia Minor either, but in Derby. Connecticut. Next year we pass into a different stage, and probably when we get those white coats on with our stethoscopes hanging off our neckties, for the purpose of identification, we con realize the true statement so often repeated, "that you won't get anything on the other side, that Fanz hasn’t mentioned." I'll never feel completely justified in life, however, until I discover a case of Tinea Versicolor, caused by the Malassezia Furfur. MEL With a flare of technique, the sure rapidity which dignified all the movements of his hands, Dr. Saylor picked two molecules of acid out of the air, mixed them with some base in a test tube, that he had taken out of the fourth dimension, and showed the precipitate to the class, which really wasn't there, but I'll be damned if I wouldn't have bet the devil my head that it was. He was the last of the four horsemen whom we met. Thank heavens, we didn't have to memorize those formulae, because learning formulae by rote memory, is just as silly as "multiplying one hundred and twelve by twenty-seven, and I never got up as far as one hundred and twelve on the twenty-seven table." After that first lecture on the origin of life, the descent of the carbon, etc., most of us felt as we walked out of class, that what was the use of anything? We were only so many carbon, calcium and sodium particles, which were really very dumb. Two hundred thirty-sixTwo hundred thirty-soven 1933 BON VOYAGE Ihe Skull "Now that just didn't happen!" Riddle me this if you please and tell me how in the name of all that’s good, true and beautiful, are we going to take notes which we really should do, when chemistry with a few choice words, and carefully timed gestures, is reductio ad absurdem. Oh, it wasn't so easy when those exams came, but what a letdown it was to walk in thinking we had the world by the tail as far as chemistry was concerned, and then realize "that I hate like hell to give out information." I most sincerely agree with you about the color of that which we spent the first term of our second year analyzing. It’s not yellow at all. it's amber—it isn t any shade of yellow. If only Aladdin would give me one of his wishes. I would really like to find out the combinations that made up the unknov ns. Then out of the East rode four horsemen, one of Anatomy, one of Physiology, one of Chemistry, and one of Bacteriology and Pathology. Will they ride on me, will they cut me down, or will they let me go on to finish and see that day, when "all other things being equal." I'll "be called into the bedside," to view a "horrible condition." "that just didn't happen"? H. McH.The Skull 1933 ODE TO THE ANCIENTS 'Twas before the days when knights were bold— Before the world had yet grown old— That the veil of everlasting darkness was withdrawn, By Hippocrates, who ushered in the dawn. Then came a horde of golden-tongued immortal souls, Who added spark and flame to unlit coals Which flamed and flared and gave out light; Medicine appeared as dawn from a hideous, silent night. Egypt was the cradle of Medicine, then so crude, And cruder still were the wanton souls—and such a wanton brood, But nurtured by her were the wisemen of the soul, And to them gave her ruthlessness, with which to reach their goal. As the tale is told, from ages old, Bodies of criminals were bought and sold, And in their unrelenting hellish zeal Went to mummies coffins—their bodies parched to steal. Of these there were a host, and one I knew Was a man. stout heart and brazen, too, Who practiced, and would enter any sarcophagus To dissect the very best of us. Herophilus was his label, says the fable. Hundreds had he lain upon the table— Where with his knife of Ptolemaic style, Invaded the hitherto forbidden land—discovered the lymph and chyle. Two hUi.dr.d Alone he traveled not. as you shall see— He was just a branch from a monstrous tree,[he Skull 1933 These all followed as a iiger who stalks his prey by night, Galen, Versalius. Dioscorides. helped carry on the fight. Galen's physiology was then above reproach, And to this day its fundamentals v e approach— To gain a little wisdom from pages, of the ages long turned brown, From that ossy cage of Galen's, on which he wears a crown. When headaches, blindness, and epilepsy made life so sad indeed, The prehistoric people, a superstitious breed, Gave rise to a thing of earliest creation, Gave relief, to sovereign and thief—the art of trepanation. We learn of the Papyrus Ebers from the land of the river Nile. George Ebers was the kindly soul, I can almost see him smile. As he read its contents and a mystery did unfold, Of useful" drugs worth twice their weight in gold. We also hear of Leonardo, a da Vinci by the way, Who painted smiles on women's lips in his immortal day— A smile no one could imitate in style and vibrant tone, And in such incomparable way drew muscles, valves and bone. They say that Canaletto's paintings of Venice were sublime, But I'd take Leonardo's aspect of things at any time— I mean his casts of cortices and semilunar valves, His uncanny perfectness of the muscles of the calves. And as the years rolled by and Rome and Byzantium were forgot, There came unheralded into the world a wisdom gifted tot, Laennec, who invented the indispensable stethoscope— For in those days, with modesty, a medic had to cope. Then through the musty sober years— Laughter takes the place of molten tears, For when we hear that Simpson, into a bottle did peep, That he and all concerned for hours and hours did sleep. Two Hundred thirty-nineThe Skull 1933 A STUDENT S DREAM Two hundred forty To one Metchnikoff. our hat we doff, Who pulled a starfish from the trough— While family had departed for a day of bliss, nd gave us our knowledge of phagocytosis. Tho' late, should we forget the man from Arabia's shores, From a land of sunshine despite Mecca's closed doors, A land of fine arrogant horses and of the artist's easel. Yet Rhazes would write of smallpox and measles. To Wohler and Urea we'll dedicate a toast, To Volta, to Harvey, to good old Pare's boast, To clever old Jenner who worked in cattle yard, And to the great experiments of Claudius Bernard. FRANK COSTA.he Skull O, Doctor! Can'st thou not minister to a mind diseased— Pluck from the memory a rooted sorrow: Raze out the written troubles of the brain, And, with some sweet oblivious antidote, Cleanse the stuffed bosom of that perilous stuff Which weighs upon the heart? PHANTASMAGORIA There’s Babcock and Tyson and Roxoy’s sharp glance, There's Jo-Jo and Hickey and old Fancy Pants; They chase around every night in my bed, But Winkelman tells me it's all in my head. They catch me and tie me—and then there's a lull, But oh! Look at Emil—he's opening my skull! And I yell like hell, it's no fun to be bled, Yet—WinkeTman tells me it's all in my head. Once, while asleep and at rest from my work, Gault damn'near killed me with murderous dirk; Fanz intervened screeching, "Leech him instead," And then Winkelman tells me it's all in my head. WALTER LONG. Two hundred forty-ono 1933The Skull SOME AMAZING FACTS CONCERNING PEPTIC ULCER, OR THE ROVER BOYS IN THE AMPHITHEATRE With the regrettable demise of Dr. Gregory G. Gudgemudge. world renowned gastro-enterologist, I am at liberty to give forth the one and only treatment of peptic ulcer. How the miserable eructating souls afflicted with this condition will bless his memory! A pioneer (in his fashion) he went to his grave unhonored and unsung. Scoffed at by his unthinking colleagues, laughed to scorn, harassed from pillar to post (on several occasions it was necessary for the police to move him from the pillars), he became a forlorn figure. Two weeks ago this pitiable creature, a mere shell of his former self, arrived at the Philadelphia General Hospital, gnawing on his cuff and muttering, "Food-ease-pain-ease. ” He sought admission and was granted it (with the condescending grace that only attaches of P. G. H. are allowed to assume). He lived but a few days and finally passed peacefully from this vale of tears with delerium tremens. Autopsy revealed that the once famous Bundlegunge diet for peptic ulcer (which so mysteriously disappeared), was safe in the "Magenstrasse." carefully engraved on a Walla-Walla car-token. A true martyr. In the bleak old days his treatment had been scoffed at—especially by the surgeons. They used to meet every Tuesday evening at S. S. C. (surgeon's scoffing club) for this express purpose. Poor Bundlegunge's theory was permanently put in the "Oh—whaf-the-heH" file finally and forgotten. Yet, I well remember when Dr. Mortimer Bleevwortle. the eminent surgeon, held a discussion with Dr. Gudgemudge and came off a sad second. (There was no third, else he probably would have been a mere also-ran.) They appeared in the amphitheatre amid much handclapping. Dr. Bleevwortle (Bleevy to you) frowning thoughtfully, esconsced himself on one of the sinks. Dr. Gudgemudge, attired one of those fluffy black and white chiffons (Bonwit-Teller) came in with his dear old tabetic stomp. Dr. B. wasted no time, but immediately gave Dr. G. the lie. Dr. G. gave it to an orderly who took it to the lab and had frozen sections made. Daunted not a whit, Bleevy roared. "Peptic ulcer is a surgical condition, not a medical, you moth-eaten old fossil—what do you say to that?" Dr. G. sneered ever so slightly and bid two spades. The tension was growing and the bets were 2 to I on surgery, Dr. G. having few backers. From this point on the exact topic under discussion became rather hazy, but it was quite evident that the question had two sides. Bleevy's remarks became quite personal and Mrs. B. (who had been listening to the entire proceedings from an autoclave) came to life and said icily, "Mortimer!" Dr. G. was quick to sense his advantage, and breaking into a lively tap-dance called Bleevy a henpecked sissy. Howls of amusement greeted this repartee and Bleevy began to look at his blood pressure. Two hurdred forty-two 1933The Skull At this juncture a wag in the seats asked for a definition of peptic ulcer. Dr. G. was frankly floored. Dr. B. looked up with startled face and tried to hedge by saying, 'Til bite, what is it?" (As biting and hitting in clinches had been barred, a foul was called and Dr. G. declared the winnah.) He immediately set out to prove that a peptic ulcer could be cured medically. Further, he stated that it was merely a matter of diet. I set down here the diet he offered for what it is worth (he sold it for seven German Marks). 1ST DAY Breakfast One half lemon 2 cc. Capsicum Coffee 2ND DAY Breakfast I giass of water I pack of Camels Acidoephilus milk 3RD DAY Broakfast Apomorphine gr. 1 12 Yeast cake Stewed raspberries Coffee Lunch One half lemon 2 dog biscuits 1 30 min. egg Icead tea Dinner Dish of hominy 2 black beetles One pawpaw Slice of bread 3 ounces Mag. Sulph. 4TH DAY Breakfast French toast Irish stew Llverwurst sandwich Bottle of White Rock Lunch I Guppy Bar of soap Spoonful of bird gravel Dinner Spinach ad lib Bale of hay 5TH DAY Breakfast Stewed prunes Oatmeal I Pretzel Sniff of Ether Lunch Kippered herring Bromo Seltzer I pistachio nut Boston baked beans I quart Essolube (adv't.) Dinner I quart of gin 6TH DAY Breakfast Sauerkraut juice Raw ham Watermelon Lunch Onion soup I raw cucumber Package of Chiclets Lunch I smelt Box of Lux Murphy Drip Watermelon Raw ham Sauerkraut juice Dinner Soup bone Dozen raw oysters Can of Flit I Saltine Dinner Coco Cola I eraser a (uh) olive I "Vos' Two hundred forty-threo 2 peace stones T grape Glass of formalin Asafoetida sandwich 1933Ihe Skull After sich such days, if there is no response on the part of the patient, he is taken to the mooring mast atop the Empire State Building. He is then told to close his eyes, recite ‘‘Twinkle, twinkle, little star." and given a slight push. HUMOR I should like to be a negative electron; With configuration stable I'd serve protons at my table ‘Til the atoms moaned with nervous indigestion. I should like to be a flock of chlorine breezes; I’d be bleaching "Lathrop's roses And getting into noses And thus causing many tears and futile sneezes. Or I'd like to be a spacious Erhlenmeyer; You could fill me up with purin, But I'd balk at holding urine, For to higher things I'm sure I would aspire. Or perhaps I'd like to be a bit of glucose; I'd be deaf to student's wailings And refuse to give a Fehlings. But I'd worry them by making it look close. WALTER LONG. EDITOR'S LAMENT Getting out a yearbook is no picnic: If we publish original matter, they say we lack variety. If we publish things from other papers, we are too lazy to write. If we stay on our job. we ought to be out rustling news. If we don't print contributions, we don't show proper appreciation. If we do print them, the paper is filled with junk. Like as not, some fellow will say we swiped this from another paper. He's right—we did! Two hundred forty-four 1933The Skull DOTTY REMEMBRANCES Johnny Fanz's first exam ......urgency ........the first day of dissection...... the last day ......the bromide effect of the old amphitheatre.......what you did the last night of your Freshman finals.......and what you did last night........ or don't you remember..........three seats apart.........every other row vacant ....... insomnia........ coffee.........coffee.........coffee........ pickstures of leapers........that nifty Probie you never could date up. barber and valet jobs in Pharmacology........py-lo-ro spasm ........your first time in the pit .... . Freed's moustache..........Reiter's stogies........the week-end your girl came to town..........and you had another date...... . the day Babcock rapped your knuckles with a hemostat...... what you said so that he could almost hear you. how you never thought of a brilliant question to ask a prof. . Mr. Hartley's trips ......and was you dere, Sharley....... .that first outside Ob. case . why you spent so much time there after delivering that Italian woman ... ... Boehringer's stories....... ho hum......Charlie Rosenfeld's promptness. . six o'clock class at P. G. H. ..........getting up in the middle of the night to be in time for Metabolic.......Ersner as Master of Ceremonies. . Matthews to Patient—"Well, how are your bowels today?" Patient—"Fine. Doc. how are yours?" Plumber—"I've come to fix that old tub in the kitchen." Young Son—"Mama, heres the doctor to see the cook." Dr. Weiss—"Now. gentlemen, having given you a complete history and findings on this patient, has anyone a diagnosis?" Freed—"Gongliodridic Pseudodystro-phic Borborygmus!" If every one of your wishes had a womb And fertile every wish—what would happen to us all? Two hundred forty-five 933 Dr. Ersner. after giving a detailed history of patient—"And now. gentlemen, what shall we do for this man?" Deep voice in back row—"Shoot him." _ A little boy was saying his go to bed prayers in a very low voice. "I can't hear you. dear," his mother whispered. "Wasn’t talking to you," said the small one firmly. Ginsburg—"Mistah Ottist, I vant you should make me a doughnut sign." Painter—"Certainly. Mr. Ginsberg, but I thought you were a butcher, not a baker." Ginsberg—"Sure, a butcher. I vant a sign, Doughnut Hendel De Feesh." The most exquisite of human satisfaction: flows from an approving conscience. "The Skull NOTICE ON 1950 BULLETIN BOARD All Students Please Note After March 1st, applauding before and after lectures will be discontinued— and in its place these melodies shall be rendered by the student body en masse as the chief of service enters the lecture room. Surgery ..............................................My Fate Is in Your Hands Medicine.................................... ...................Take It from Me Neurology..........................Just a Little "Straus" Where Old Tracts Cross Gynecology ................................................. Cabin in the Cotton X-Ray ............................................. Ah, Sweet Mystery of Life Syphilology...............................I Wish I Had My Old Girl Back Again Chest......................................................There’s a Lung, Lung Trail Urology............................................. Down by the Old Mill Stream Obstetrics.........................................Something to Remember You By Pharmacology...................................... The Curse of an Aching Heart Dermatology ....................................................You Got IT Proctology...... ..............................When I Leave the World Behind Ophthalmology............. ■ .I’m Looking at the World Thru Rose Colored Glasses Otology ....................................Can’t Yo' Hear Me Calling, Caroline Diabetic Clinic ..................................................................My Sugar Orthopedics................................................................Stumbling Fractures ............................................As We Waltzed in the Dark Varicose Vein Clinic .................................Oh, How I Miss You Tonight 0asfr;c ........................................................Song of the Bile Anatomy.......................................In the Shade of the Old Apple Tree Cardiology...................................I’m All Dressed Up in a Broken Heart Chemistry ......................................................Shake That Thin9! Psychiatry ....................................I Go Wild, Simply Wild Over You Physical Therapy ...........................................................Cruisin’ Along Rhinology ........................................Where the River Shannon Flows Autopsy ...................................................At Last It Comes to This Bandaging ......................................................MY Mad foment Buergers.......................................................How Lon9 Wil1 lf Last? Two hundred forty-six 1933The Skull Cancer Research . . Bronchoscopy........ Pediatrics ..... Laryngology . Hygiene History of Medicine Ethics ............. Bacteriology ..... Histology.......... Physiology.......... Anaesthesia......... Two hundred forty-seven Wearing O' the Green .....................Baby Face ............It Looks Like Susie . . . Down by the Winegar Woiks ...... .Telling It to the Daisies I'll Be the Meanest Man in Town ............Me and My Shadow ..........Just a Bird's-eye View ..... ...... Frolic of the Frogs .....I'll See You in My Dreams THE JONES Albert on tho Right Walter on the Left and Ruth? 1933Ihe Skull Anderson .... Arbuckle ...... Beals......... Beloff ........ Berkowitz ..... Biron ........ Bloom ........ Bogue ........ Boone ........ Bowers ........ Boyle ........ Brobyn......... Brody ........ Brooks........ Calasibetta .. . Chaess......... Chernoff ...... Cohen, J. J. . . Cohen, R. J. Costa . ....... Coulter ...... Dreier ...... Egoville ...... Elliott........ Engh........... Ettinger....... Evans ....... Fearn ......... Fichthorn . . . Fine.......... Fishman........ Fleischman . . Ford ........ Frankel . Foy.......... . Freed . . Freedman, J. J. Freedman, M. Freeman . ENTITLED ..........A Southern Gentleman ..............................Roscoe ........................... Gum-shoe . .The Pride of South Philadelphia ..........................Big Ben ..................The Policeman . ..............A Loyal Husband ...............A Loyal Seaman ..................Beau Brummel ..............The Country Doctor .................Joe Furunculosis ..............The Kentucky Colonel . . ...............Sentinel Pile ..................Babbling Brooks ...... ... Charley Morpheus ...... ... .The Devil's Heirloom .......................The Leech .............................Shylock .............................Ananias ............ A Literary Genius .....................The Deacon .The Answer to a Maiden’s Prayer . .A Loyal Contributor .........................A He-man ...............................Benny ............. ... .Jimmy Durante ....................Peck's Bad Boy ......................Tear Gas Billy .........Fichthorn Fuller Brush ...... ...........Joe Blarney ..............The HOLY MONK ....A Midsummer Night's Dream . . ..................Mephistopheles .............The Mystery Man .................The Camp Boss .......................The Clinician • ..................Little Napoleon . . . The Undercover Man .................. . . .Tarzan Two hundred forty-eight 1933The Skull Fritz...................... Gallagher .......... ...... Gerber..................... Glenn .............. ...... Goldfine................... Gurley......... ........... Hackman ................... Hadden ............. ...... Haines..................... Hand ...................... Hartman ................... Henderson.................. Imperiale ................. Ingham..................... Johnson ................... Kaufman........ . ...... Kondor . . . . ...... Kristoff . ;. Kwiterovich Lavin. E. J................ Lavin, M. Linder..................... Lipsius ................... Long.................... Maksim ............. ...... Maloney.................... Mapow.......... ........... Marbach.................... Mathews ................... McDevitt McKee . ................. Mellitz........ ........... Menza ... . . . . Miller.................... Moore . . Morgan .................... Morrison .............. . . Murt....................... Myers...................... Nelowet ... ............ Pastor .... ............... Peale...... . . . Two hundred forty-nine 1933 .'dwVijy '' ........... Johnny on the Spot .............The Vacant Chair ..Status Thymico Lymphaticus ............Daddy Long Legs Where the Cows Love to Graze ...................Pope Pious ............ The Rebel .......Stanley Laurel ........Pantomime Phil ... Rip Van Winkle John the Baptist .........Joe College ...... Sam Barbasol A Pal to All the Boys Mademoiselle Fifi ......Hickey’s Slave ............Black Jack Little Lord F. Primo Camera .... Sittin’ Bull Adolph Menjou . . . . Frankenstein . .....Waiter Hater Joe . The Good Man Friday .............Patrick Henry ....... . In on the Know Played Fiddle for the Czar .......The Inferior Olive ..........Filterable Virus .............Huey Kingfish .....George Omniscience ... A Lady Charmer .................Ali Baba George Bungle . Emil Jannings . .The Octopus . Simon Legree .... Banjo Eyes Shoemaker Dan .Hurricane Ted . . P. T. Barnum The Skull Perchonock ... Pessolano ..... Peters........ Plowman ...... Pugh .......... Putignano . Reichwein .... Reinhelmer .... Reiter......... Rogan ......... Romanov ...... Rosenfeld. A. J. Rosenfeld, C. . . Rudolph....... Rushin......... Samitz ........ Sand........... Sanders........ Schwartz Sposato ...... Storaci........ Trueblood .... Turtzo......... Vollmer........ Whitaker ..... Will'ig Winey.......... Woro........... Yeutter........ Zemo ....... Zoole ......... ..................Erlich's Side Chain ............... ... A Toe Dancer ............................The Robot .................Sleep, Balmy Sleep ........................... .... Rasputin .........................Ever Tactful ..........................Panther Pants .The Smartest Man in the Profession ...Grand Sachim of Tammany Hall .................Baron Munchausen ... ......... • ■ .Joe Arrow Collar .........................Irritable Ulcer • • • ...........Microsporon Furfur ........... ... ..... Bill, the Wig ..............Red Hot Henry Brown .......................... True Blue ................... Hobby Horse Abe God's Little Ray of Golden Sunshine .....................................Nero .......................... Moon Mullins ...................................Popeye ....................... Joe Mischief ......... .Cleopatra's Anthony ..............Gabriel and His Horn .......................Mike, the Bite .........................Barnacle Bill ... .A Wife's Confession ........................... St. Patrick ...................William the Silent ......................... Piccolo Pete ..............The Last Word iA ra-N 1933The Skull A Broadcast in 1950 1933 "HE Temple Hour is on the air, folks, Vic Robinson announcing! Get closer to the radio, folks, and listen to WTEM's weekly star program of the Air, coming to you from the great amphitheatre, fourth floor of the Temple University Hospital—featuring gigantic operative procedures which will startle you, grip you, and hold you in suspense as the masters of the knife proceed to intervene and snatch the afflicted from death's door by their superhuman rendition of surgical skill. Here we are in the spacious amphitheatre—the house is sold out—filled to capacity—yes—I see them roosting on the rafters—yes, there’s a lady present too—to get a glimpse of this—pardon me, folks—here comes the great Doctor Babcock briskly into the center of the amphitheater, flanked on one side by Doctor Hersey Thomas and on the other by none other than the incomparable Temple Fay— the fluid balance man. And guess who’s bringing up the rear—his illustrious rotundity, Doctor Harry Z. Hibshman—Yes, they'll all be here—what a crowd—what a crowd— I wish you were all here, folks—what a night for this gala display on the part of the defenders of health. The notables are filing in rapidly now—since I've been talking, Doctor Nathaniel Winkelman has taken his place and is now chatting with Doctor Mar Ersner. who will sharpen up things when the cutlery grows dull. Well—well— well—a couple of wells. Here's good old Doctor Frank Hammond—the m'aster of masters. What a nite! And here comes the mystery man, folks, the man who can see through it all—the well-known Doctor W. Edward Chamberlain—retiring to a side of the amphitheater after taking a bow. And now, folks—there seems to be a row up on the spectators' gallery—yes, ir's a couple of lads engaging in fisticuffs—what a fight, what a fight; he's up, he's down—pardon me. folks—on with the operation—they're scrubbing up now. Doctor Hibshman is getting tired of being the end man, it looks as though he'll be first to be finished—ah, but no!—I'm mistaken—Doctor Babcock insists on sterility—and is pouring a gallon of lampblack on Hibshman's upper limbs—Hersey springs into the Two hundred fifty-oneIhe Skull lead—what a race—Doctor Hammond has called a nurse to assist in removing lather from his eye. Fay takes time out to dehydrate. Here they come, folks—donning their white gowns—what an array of the latest styles of operating room apparel. Let us just pause a moment to say that this operation which you are to witness this evening has never before been undertaken. We shall soon see if these wielders of the scalpel are competent in dealing with the pathological situation which confronts them. The patient is now being rolled in. What a sight for sore eyes—she looks as though she's on her last legs—oh. no! She has but one leg—what a leg! What a leg! The patient gasps and Hickey is called to measure her vital capacity! Doctor Hickey retires. The field is prepared—just a minute, folks— a mistake in procedure—Doctor Thomas applied 1:4000 permanganate instead of the usual tincture of iodine. Patient reprepared. Babcock begins to hone his scalpel—and boy. does he wield a nasty blade—row de dow! He begins to cut—Winkelman objects—Fay argues the incision is out of place—objection overruled by Hersey Thomas—Babcock proceeds as before! Operation is suspended—Doctor Hibshman demands a rectal examination—Hammond disputes this and both are retired for contaminating the field. Doctor Babcock calls for volunteers to hold hemostats; Doctor Gault steps forward—and is lost in the incision. Procedure retarded as Doctor Ersner bets Winkelman $5.00 that he can locate Doctor Gault—! Ersner wins, folks—what a manhunt, what a manhunt.—he retrieves Doctor Gault who goes to the showers. The operation is continued—Doctor Babcock lunges forward and opens the Duct of Wirsung—no he's sung—no Wirsung—O. K„ folks, he's in. What a duct! Everything can be easily seen, folks—there being little reflection on the peritoneum's part. Doctor Babcock feints with his right to the Solar plexus passing through the foramen of Winslow— Two hundred fifty-two 1933as Ersner views the procedure through the oval window. What a night for feinting! A riot call is sent out for Doctor Pritchard—Doctor Babcock has just uncovered a plexus of nerves and a violent heated dispute has occurred between Fay and Winkelman— Doctor Pritchard arrives to decide the issue. Are they malgamated or amalgamated? "Amalgamated," says Pritchard—"Next man." Just a minute, folks, there's a commotion in the corridor—what a commotion—Doctor Moore, the late but ever faithful, has arrived—is removing his garments and proceeding to scrub up—here he is, folks, right up next to Doctor Babcock—suggests he get the feel of the joint— and say, folks, what a joint—what a joint! Time out is called, folks—Doctor Parkinson has just stepped in to call roll—Doctor Arnold and Doctor Kolmer being absent. And just now. folks, Doctor Wright, the big skin man, has just popped in—and Doctor Parkinson says, "Why are you late. Doctor?" Wright refuses to answer! Operation proceeds. The evening is wearing on, folks, and Doctor Babcock now finds himself isolated on an Isle of Langerhans—Doctor Thomas tosses him a loop of Henle and the day is saved. Doctor Ersner shakes hands with Doctor Thomas and both are retired for becoming unsterile. Doctor Chamberlain then steps up and asks for a few moments to display his X-ray films so that location of pathology may be determined. He is showing the films, folks—just a moment, folks —one of the spectators has just fallen into the amphitheater —what a crash! What a crash! Looks like another operation, folks—what a night! No, folks, I'm mistaken the spectator has crawled to safety in the corridors away from the clutches of Doctor Fay who is about to do a decompression! What a depression—I mean compression, folks. Another argument, ladies and gentlemen, Doctor Moore is asking for a sponge count—Babcock objects. Doctor Winkelman suggests they take inventory—Babcock's objection overruled—proceeding with inventory. I—2—3—there you are, folks, 73 sponges, 4 scalpels. 32 hemostats. 2 dissect- Two hundred fifty-three 933 Ihe SkullIhI Skull ing gowns, a tube of K. Y. jelly, cigarettte drains. I catheter. 3 yards of Pagenstecher suture, I rubber dam. I pollitzer bag. I pair spectacles and an ear speculum plus 2 sets of false teeth; what an inventory. Where, oh where, can my little dog be? Well, folks—Babcock is just finishing—he's up to the suture line—what a line—suit yourself! Oh. yes. I forgot to give you a description of the pathology—but never mind—I see Doctor Konzeiman anxiously awaiting in the foyer! He is preparing to give his diagnosis. Here it comes, folks—just an uncomplicated Amelanotic melanoma. Well—well, I guess that's all for this evening. Listen in next week for another thriller— Vic Robinson announcing, and sending you off to a night of pleasant dreams. WTEM signing off. Good night. Two hundred fifty-four 1933Ihe Skull ”a k th€ mflN wh 9wn me MR $A RS. SAAMTZ. MR AIRS ERWIN 5 NELOWCT JT WILL LIVE ! SAY OOCTORS GALLAoHER,Rt!CHweiN,EOWCRAUVVLe JUNE L LAVIN OR MORRIS LAVIN S RR'OC C JOY MRiMRS. SPOSATO GWENDOLYN HACKMAN MR A MRS BENJAMIN BERKOWHT The FUTURE MRS. BOONE 1933Ihe SkUll 1933 Two hundred fifty-six An Analogy A H! I sure am glad this fellow walked out in the open air. The reds were sure chasing around and getting nowhere. Things were certainly getting sluggish in this neighborhood. That last breath of fresh oxygen was a real treat. Well. I must be on my way and see how my new batch of young Poly’s are coming on." So. away slipped General Poly into the terrific traffic of the Axial stream from his stance on Intima street. Hither and thither he rushed returning fond salutes to his Brother whites. Now and then he exchanged greetings with a red struggling with a fresh load of oxygen. A real general was he. Veteran of many a campaign: firm as the rock of Gibraltar but with a heart of gold. His proportionate size was the talk of the barracks and his symmetrical convexity made many a maiden poly's heart skip a beat. The three-fold nuclei united by their belting were always kept in perfect form. The penetrating cold gray eyes, the straight roman nose and set chin stamped him as a man of courageous character. The scar on his right cheek only added to his features: proof of victorious encounter with a two-headed Pneumococcus. Merrily he wended his way into the Deep Femoral highway. Going down, Descending street. On his way to the barracks of Femur palace he met an old acquaintance of the Furunculosis Campaign. "Hello, there! you old sea dog." called out General Poly. "Howdy!" answered stately Colonel Lymphocyte. Hearty handshakes and back slaps followed. "Let’s step in to Mr. Cell’s place for a few Acetone highballs." proffered the Colonel. "Can't be done. Lymphy, the young scamps might smell it on my breath." "Well, you can have lymph nogs, they are invigorating. I need something stronger." With this compromise they entered the "Cafe de Soldats" of Mr. Cell. Seated on Granular stools around the large nuclear table their drinks were floated to them by Waiter Cyto of that staid serving family, "The Plasms." While sipping their drinks the desire to reminisce could not be withheld. "Lymphy, you sure did a good job of surrounding that T. B. crew. All they are now is a fitting monument to your strategy. It is queer that we polys can't muster up an army when those Babies attack the Apical hollows."The Skull "Well, Poly old boy. v e are just as useless when the Streps and Staphs launch an attack. What do we do? Just wall you in and let you fight." "We're there and doing our best anyhow." consoled the General. "I must be on my way, Colonel, so be good. Watch that acetone, it will get you in the end." "Bye, bye, General. I hope the boys are in shape." With this the General once more slipped into the stream and headed into the periosteum of Femur palace. Through a canaliculus and down an Haversian canal he sped on to the barracks. He entered a reticulated cubit and there were about 7500 "soldat's Blanc" awaiting orders. "Attention," called a Lieutenant Poly. Crack! their heels sounded together. Their heads lifted high: their chests expanded with a pride worthy of a Napoleon. "My soldiers," began General Poly, "be seated." His voice resounding over the Marrow like a pair of thunderous bellows. "You have finished your strenuous months of training. Now you are ready to begin to serve this entity who has tried to the best of his ability to supply us with the necessary forces and comforts that we m turn may properly protect him against the ravages of the Pathogenic Kingdom. Our task and your task is not an easy one: for. as kind as he tries to be with us he is human and remember, to err is also human. We must always be on our toes and even as we sleep we must keep a watchful eye that a sudden indiscretion may not fell his career and perforce ours. As v e protect him so shall we be protected. Be kind to all your brethren, be they whites, reds or liquids. All aid in this great battle for existence. Let me cite a case. I was leading a squadron in the fatty fields of the big toe when suddenly a cavern opened beneath us and a murderous army of streptococci entered. Ahead of them was a lump of earthy minerals. The thing which almost proved to be our downfall. We forged ahead of the obstruction and began to do battle. Many were felled in the opening encounter by the poisonous toxins. Thromboplastein and his cohorts immediately began closing the opening to prevent further entry. Some one was bathing the outside with a pungent liquid, but his or her method was valueless because he did not come deep enough fo enundate the whole wound. Here let me say, that if any should be mortally wounded by the methods of protection used by the host, it is an honor to die in such fashion. You are laying down your life for the protection of your brother soldiers. To continue with the battle. The Polys' attack was beginning to show fruit. Our Lymphocyte squadron was walling off the scene of battle to protect the tissues and our supply train was handing out lymph nogs and opsonins to strengthen our men. The reds were working furiously bringing in oxygen. The axial stream was confusion itself and the peri-axial stream was invaded by millions of fighters. '4 Two hundred fifty-seven 1933 The Skull Through the crevices of Intima street they swarmed, all ready to die heroes. Of a sudden our supply was cut off. That earthy material had cut off our supply train and we were doomed. With certain death facing every man in that bit of Fatty tissue our men labored on. The lymph boys labored on with their wall and the Polys fought tooth and nail with the villainous strep. The toxins were telling on us. The poor application of the Strep destroyer hampered us by its fumes, but was nor strong enough to kill our enemy. The thoughts of a useless finale was demoralizing. Hope was fast waneing. As things looked darkest a miraculous thing occurred. Our brothers loyal to fhe end had not shirked their duty because they were cut off from us. By a new route they encircled the battle ground and pounced upon our nemesis from a new angle. The surprise attack completely shattered the morale of the opposition and their destruction was inevitable. The victory was ours and all was due to the men who had courage and intense love for their fellow men. They could easily have left us there to die. The host could have gone and made himself a human crucible and left others fill him full of vaccines and serum which are a disgrace to any army. My point, my soldiers, is that kindness, cooperation and love of fellow man are the essentials of any institution. You have worked hard; now go forth to serve well.” The youngsters hurrahed and applauded for many minutes. They hopped up and down on their globular seats; their caps were sent flying through the air and as Professor Mono of the Musical "Cytes" began leading a military march the assembly broke into song. (To the tune of "Anchors Away") X2I We—will always do our best For—our—dear school And—to those who need help To give them aid— Will be—our rule—ule Let us go forth and strive For—hon—est—y— And—we will do or die For dear and loveable humanity—. The song ended: the general awarded the proper Insignias to each graduate and departed amidst thunderous cheer. As he again slipped into the whirling stream he whispered a silent prayer "May the good Lord help and watch over those youngsters. They know not what they face." L. C. PESSOLANO. Two hundred fifty-eight 1933Ihe Skull Tempus Fugit Turn back, turn back—O time in thy flight Make me a surgeon just for tonight— Make me a wizard with forcep and knife Come hold this ‘tractor, interne—stay away from my Sharpen this blade, assistant o' mine Give it an edge and give it a shine Make it sharp, make it smooth as a lizard With Allah's help I’ll incise this old gizzard. Give me a nurse with immaculate attire With a smile and two eyes like Vulcan's bright fire Put her close to my side, don't give her a mask Give her my car. my shoes, my hat—should she ask. What a wonderful creature to ever draw breath, Get away there, interne—you'll scare her to death! Give me a patient with belly immense With pain and pallor and flatus intense Give me that knife with edge undistorted I'll sink it right down to the dorsal aorta. I’ll take out the liver, the spleen and the bile. I'll take out the spine, the colon, and smile— I'll sneer at the kidneys that put out much waste I'll take out the stomach, that'll cancel all taste— Saw out his breastbone and chisel his head Dislodge an eyeball, and fill in with lead— I'll take out the lungs, put rubber ones in Implant a stomach of leather to hold stronger gin A cast iron bladder for obnoxious urine And porcelain bowels for poisons as purin. I'll make the great omentum all out of rayon Much easier and cooler for this patient to lay on— And give him a set of India rubber testes anon So no pain be felt if they're sat upon. So turn back, way back, O time in thy flight Make me a surgeon just for tonight! Two hundred fifiy-nine 1933Message E’VE come to a standstill with this written notion Like a painted ship upon a painted ocean-But let not your thoughts stop also here But rather bring you joy for year on year. To those who gave of their time and will— Of their patience, support and undying skill— We give thanks; and regards sincere— And saying thus we leave you here!Dr. and Mrs. J. Howard Frick Dr. William N. Parkinson Dr. and Mrs. Frank H. Krusen Dr. Michael G. Wohl Dr. James Kay Dr. Frank Glauser Dr. Burech Rachlis Dr. and Mrs. Harry Z. Hibshman Dr. and Mrs. Jacques Guequierre Dr. Victor Robinson Dr. Abraham J. Cohen Dr. William A. Steel Dr. Robert E. Ridpath Dr. Joseph B. Woltfe Dr. Enoch G. Klimas Dr. Benjamin Gruskin Dr. Rocco Tarasi Dr. John O. Bower Dr. J. Marsh Alesbury Dr. Scott L. Verrei Dr. C. Kenneth Miller Dr. Allan G. Beckley Dr. J. Norman Coombs PatronsPEDIATRIC WARD Ihe SkullCompliments of the MEDICAL ALUMNI ASSOCIATION OF TEMPLE UNIVERSITY MEDICAL SCHOOL Two hundred sixty-threeMEDICAL CLINICTemple University BROAD STREET AND MONTGOMERY AVENUE Philadelphia, Pa. V College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Teachers' College School of Commerce Professional Schools: Theology, Law, Medicine, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Chiropody School of Music Training School for Nurses University High School SEHD FOR BULLETIN Phone, Stevenson 7600 Two hundred sixty-fiveSURGICAL CLINICKeesal’s Pharmacy Reg. Pharmacist Always in Attendance STUDENTS’ SUPPLIES (Everything the Student Tweeds) A FULL LINE CF FOUNTAIN PENS WE REPAIR FOUNTAIN PENS Checks Cashed for Students Next to Medical School 3436 N. Broad Street Phila., Pa. Rad. 9955 Two hundrod sixty-sevenMellin's Food Made from wheat flour, wheat bran, malted barley and bicarbonate of iMtatslum — consisting' essentially of maltose, dextrins, proteins and mineral salts. Mellin’s Food A Milk Modifier Mellin’s Food occupies an unique position in regard to the long period of its existence and the unequalled opportunity thus afforded for critical examination of all claims made relative to its efficiency as a means to assist physicians in the modification of milk for infant leeding. Mellin’s Food is also distinctive as the first preparation of maltose and dextrins offered to physicians in serviceable form, and the fact that maltose and dextrins are widely employed in infant feeding shows the stability of Mellin's Food and again emphasizes its distinction. Mellin’s Food is not in the experimental stage for it is a product with a long record of successful use supported by the real evidence of actual experience and upon this solid foundation— Mellin’s Food Sustains its Reputation as a Modifier of Milk Worthy of Your Trust We urge your selection of Mellin's Food as your first choice. If samples arc helpful we will he glad to send a supply upon request together with formulas and other literature arranged for your convenience. Mellin’s Food Company Boston, Mass. Compliments of A FRIEND Two hundred sixfy-eighlBell Phone, Spruce 23 38 Charles Mangold Co. Manufacturers of Orthopaedic Apparatus The Surgical Instrument Co. Physicians' and Hospital Supplies GET OUR ESTIMATE ON COMPLETE EQUIPMENT The Surgical Instrument Co. One Block Above Your School at 3529 N. BROAD STREET Phone, Radcliffe 3139 THE BELL HOWELL Filmo Motion Picture Equipment for The Medical and Surgical Profession WILLIAMS, BROWN EARLE, Inc. The Home of Motion Picture Equipment 918 CHESTNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. B'B INSIST ON B'B BETTER BUILT INTERNE SUITS STYLED BY THE BOSTWICK-BATTERSON CO. 311 N. 32nd STREET, PHILA. B-B B'B Two hundred sixty-nineRemember . . . Fisher’s Oyster House BROAD STREET BELOW VENANGO STREET PHILADELPHIA. PA. STREET, LINDER PROPERT Scientific Optical Instruments and Student Supplies Physicians’ Building—N. E. Corner 20th and Chestnut Streets Philadelphia, Penna. Rit. 5376 INTERNE SUITS Made for the man who believes in good appearance, and who wants a suit which will withstand the hardest laurv dry process. MARC ROSENTHALL Hancock 0394 OFFICE, 1051 - 69th AVENUE Two hundred seventy1876 - 1933 "Williams’ Standard” White Duck Interne Suits Have won an enviable reputation for their professional correctness, individuality and exxellent service. Made of best brands of standard materials and guaranteed thoroughly pre-shrunken so as to remain true to size after laundering. Stock sizes or made-to-measure coats, trousers, operating suits and dissecting gowns. Send for catalog D—samples and prices. C. D. WILLIAMS dc COMPANY 246 SOUTH 11th STREET PHILA., PA. ■ ------ ■ —-------- ■ ■ ■ ■ , Babies Gain on Dextri-Maltose due to higher tolerance A properly balanced ratio of maltose and dextrins, Dextri-Maltose is converted into normal blood sugar (dextrose) with a minimum of digestive energy without danger of “flooding the system" with sugar, or of excessive fermentation with consequent diarrhea. It is characterized by the highest assimilation limit of all sugars; therefore, it has a wide margin of safety and its use averts the nutritional catastrophies which so often are caused by overstepping sugar tolerances. Dextri-Maltose is never mailed to "birth lists"; formulae are never advertised to the public. Dextri-Maltose Nos. 1, 2, 3 Dextri-Maltose with Vitamin B Please enclose professional card when requesting samples of Mead Johnson products to cooperate in preventing their icachsng uK.iufhorsscd persons Mead Johnson Company, Evansville, Ind.. U. S. A. Frank L. Lacan Geo. H. McConnell Doctors Are Salesmen, Too The experience gained from outfitting and arranging hundreds of physicians' offices, within the past few years, is yours for the asking. Write for our list of suggestions and the names of Temple Medical College men whose offices we have equipped. PHILADELPHIA SURGICAL INSTRUMENT CO. 1709 SANSOM ST., PHILA. Rsttenhouse 3613 Two hundred seventy-oneCROWN LAUNDRY “Laundry Worl{ Unexcelled'' special Rates for Students on Coats. Frocks and Personal Wor BROAD STREET AT TIOGA PHILADELPHIA, PA. Headquarters for Physicians' Equipment Everything for the Doctor and His Patients The Physicians’ Supply Co. of Philadelphia 116 S. 16th St. N. E. Cor. Sansom Rittenhousc 8910 Since 1912 Compliments of OSTROW Custom Made Footwear Prescription Work a Specialty Men, Women, Children Fitted by Practipedics New Location 1903 AT WALNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. College Inn Sandwich Shop 3340 N. Broad St. Sandwiches and Light Lunch DELICIOUS FOOD AT ATTRACTIVE PRICES CAPS, GOWNS and HOODS For All Degrees The country's largest maker of Academic Costumes. Write for samples of materials and for prices. Sole Depository of the Intercollegiate Bureau of Academic Costume. COTRELL 8C LEONARD EST. 1832 ALBANY, N. Y. Compliments of W. H. LEE Architect SCHAFF BUILDING PHILADELPHIA, PA. Glickman’s Orthopedic Shoes Prescriptions Filled Corrections Made Complimentary 4860 N. BROAD ST. Two hundred seventy-twoMERIN-BALIBAN 1010 CHESTNUT STREET PHILADELPHIA, PENNA. OFFICIAL PHOTOGRAPHERS TO THE 1933 SKULL SPECIALISTS TO SCHOOLS-COLLEGES — UNIVERSITIES — CLUBS SPECIAL RATES TO STUDENTSphoto €ncRf»vinc company COLL«C€ flnnUAL DtPARTmcnT 12.™ and CHERRY STREETS P+41 LADE L P+41A In working with the Skull for the past year it has been our aim to help produce an annual which is the leader in its class. We hope that we have been successful to the end that, year after year, the advice of each retiring Skull Staff will be "Repeat with Lotz’' ENGRAVERS AND DESIGNERS OF NEARLY 200 YEARBOOKS ANNUALLYEXCELLENCE “Excellence is not a mantle put around our fers by destiny. It is something attained by iht and act.” Excellence in Annuals is attained. There is something a book has, or does not have- -and the “ability” to know what to do to make a book different and distinctive—is something you cannot buy indiscriminately at any price. When a Staff places their Annual in our hands, they immediately have at their dis-posal a service that is truly exceptional and complete. We look beyond the dotted line of the contract to broader horizons. Your problem becomes ours. Our resources of ex-perience and facilities become yours Our cumulative knowledge of years in this line of work is applied understanding and sympathetically to your specific aims. Cost is held to a figure in sensible proportion to the result to be accomplished. PUMUNANGWET (He Who Shoots the Stars) . . . who dares to attempt even the unattainable with the conscious pride of an unconquerable spirit. Back of our organization is the spirit of “He Who Shoots the Stars"—vision—ambition — confidence — strength — and with the Staff catching this spirit along with us, the result will be an Annual which can be passed on to your Classmates with pride. Clark Printing House, Inc. Printers for the School and College 82 1 CHERRY STREET PHILADELPHIA, PA. Good Printing Without Extravagance LIBRARY 1TEMPLE UNIVERSITY HEALTH SCIENCES CENTERPRINTED BY CLARK PRINTING HOUSE. INC PHILADELPHIA. PAi P ly Skull AUTHOR copy library TEMPLE UNIVERSITY HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER


Suggestions in the Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) collection:

Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1930 Edition, Page 1

1930

Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1931 Edition, Page 1

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1932 Edition, Page 1

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1934 Edition, Page 1

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1935 Edition, Page 1

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Temple University School of Medicine - Skull Yearbook (Philadelphia, PA) online yearbook collection, 1936 Edition, Page 1

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