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Page 13 text:
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Page 12 text:
THE UNITED STATES SIXTH FLEET
IN THE MEDITERRANEAN
' - ' tates Nav have cruised in European waters, and particularly the Mediter-
ranean Seadxlildiielliifieoteziiilif ldiiifselbfsthe ninetelenth century. Beginning with the' War uai1nT5g20lrn311ioi?fL2 uaxi
almost continuously since 1886, American sea power has operated in the ,areago mpre d Climate aboge au
miles of what has been called the cdoveliest of all Seas, favored. by SIUIHUOII, SWPCQ an U ilk h it
others, and likewise before all others discovered and sa1led..Th1s is the Helen amorrrg 0tCCHl:,tltC0 iii A152313
desired by all that saw it, and captured by the boldest. But it was fought over notnor den Ovlglicdw as it were
years. Then it was half forsaken, sbseugepl by the famepf- ntivw alpid Ofliiagrlefxjanb, F0 ISC Q - ,
- e ore our e es, 1 is ou - .
after three Ihlupldgeilnggifja igistpmfjggdiately following W0rld Wir the ships of the United States Medlteri
ranean Squadron performed useful services in facilitating the establishment of peace among the countries 0
he Balkans and the Middle East. - , ,
t The operation of the United States Navy during World War II m the Atlantic and Mediterranean
theatres culminated in the victory of the Allied nations of Europe. '
In March of 1945 the U.S. Eighth Fleet fMediterraneanj which had been under the command of
Admiral H. Kent Hewitt since March 1943, was dissolved. In April the naval forces and bases in the Mediter-
ranean Theatre were placed under the administrative control of Commander, U.S. Naval Forces in Europe.
These Forces, commanded by Vice Admiral W. A. Glassford as Commander U.S. Naval Forces, Northwest
African Waters, thereby became a task force of the Twelfth Fleet. . I .
Although the over-all strength was reduced, small naval detachments were maintained in Italy to
support the U.S. Army there, to assist United States merchant shipping, and to continue representation on
the Allied Commission for Italy.
The summer months of 1945 saw United States naval activities in the Mediterranean reduced, and
liberated ports were rapidly returned to the national authorities. Ships of the Mediterranean Fleet were redeployed
and ordered to the Pacific Theatre.
The end of World War Il found the United States Navy continuing to maintain ships in the strategic
Mediterranean. On 30 September 1946, Secretary of the Navy, James Forrestal said:
4cToday the United States Navy is continuing to maintain forces in the Eastern Atlantic and the
Mediterranean Sea for the following purposes : First, to support Allied occupation forces and the Allied Military
Government in the discharge of their responsibilities in the occupied area of Europe. Second, to protect U.S.
interests and to support U.S. policies in the area.
There are many benefits to be attained by maintaining ships of the United States in these waters.
Fi t: It if ' ' ' ' ' '
ships in independent operations and
with the customs and the traditions
of morale for the many oflicers and
the world". Third: It affords an op-
understanding with the people with
rs o ers a splendid opportunity to tram the officers and men of our
to familiarize them not only with the waters in which they cruise but also
of the people of the countries which they visit. Second: It is a builder
blue-jackets who still have the traditional urge to ,,join the Navy and sec
portunity for American naval personnel to create good will and better
whom they come in eontaetm
The post war inactivation of a sizeable part of the second to
a small Fleet assigned to the Mediterranean Sea. It operated under the Commander, Naval Forces, Mediter-
ranean, and the Flagship was a destro e t d h' h ' ' '
y r en er w IC did not actively operate with the rest of the Fleet.
It remained anchored in Naples, Ital .
F1 hi Later, 011 7 August 1947, the cruiser U. S. S. DAYTON relieved the tend SHENANDOAH at
ags ip and became the first post war Mediterra a Fl t Fl h' d S ' h h Fl t.
The DAYTON was to be followed b the ' neFnA ee ags lp to go to Sea an Ollcraw wlt t e ee
y cruisers RGO, PORTSMOUTH, ROCHES1 ER, ALBANY, DES
MOINES, NEWPORT NEWS and SALEM. The latter three now rotate regularly as Sixth Fleet Flagships
On 1 June 1948 th t' l f
. 1 , e it e o Commander Naval Forces, Mediterranean was changed to Commander
Sixth Task Fleet and on 12 February 1950 the title was simplified to Commander Sixth Fleet.
Successive post war Commanders of the M d'
B h d H B . H e iterranean Fleet fnow Sixth Fleetl were Vice Admiral
ern ar . O1'1,. fnow on the Military Staff Committee, United Nationsjg Vice Admiral Forrest Sherman,
fnow deceasedj ' Vice Admual John J B 11 '
Sixth Fleet Cmllma d V. I . a entme, fnow Commander, Air Force, Atlantic Fleetj g and the resent
1951, tau, tough ccilasg, diidiLl1:ngg?gM?fti1gg3nl?t! Gardner. On assuming command of the Fleet. on 19 March
, - command of the Sixth Fleet fully aware of its magnificent
'll il i '. . S .
rf5Pu 3 1011 as 3 Potent,-Smart, alert and ready force. 1 shall expect all hands to continue to direct their atten-
tion and energy to maintaining the exem l d ' ' -
Today the United State S. p ary stan ard set by my distinguished predecessors".
n , s lxth Fleet in the Mediterra e ' C K fi r , 9 t' ous
operational Fleets on the high Seas, Second Onl to th S n an is one o he' Nusy sw largest con mu
h Fleet now 1 - t 1' E aters
what the Fleet ls dom , Y c event tptra mg in . ar astern w -
g in the Mediterranean has been deser'b .l l ' l'I '- ' ' ' t
ways but all versions point to the reco nized h' . - I .mg . ly mmy ' ',h'mm l""'l'l" m many dlaueren
Thls book is a brief a E lSl0l'lC responsibility of lille United States aid in assurin eace.
, 3 P
ccount of the U. S. S. STli.lNAKEl1's 1952 Mediterranean Cruise.
-none Navy ofthe United States saw
Page 14 text:
, The Operations Department of the U. S. S.
Steinaker and all Navy ships has a greater variety of
duties than any other department. These duties include
ofhce administration, electronic repairs, navigation,
radio and visual signalling, and search for aircraft
or submarines by radar and sonar equipment. ln
addition we even furnish our quota of mess cooks
and have qualified some expert spud pealers. Let us
briefly review each agangn of the department, their
jobs, and every day routines.
The aQuartermastern rating dates back to the
days of the earliest navies. It has a wide assortment
of duties, virtually all of which are of a sea going
nature. When the ship comes into port or goes along-
side a fleet oiler for fuel a QM is always at the wheel.
He is the best steersman on board. Our navigatoris
assistant is a rated Quartermaster who is well versed
in all phases of navigation, both piloting and celestial.
Do you know who sets all the ship's clocks and winds
them each day ? That's right, it's the Quartermaster
again. ccSpottingn flag hoists, sending and receiving
messages by semaphore and flashing light are another
of his routine jobs. The ship's log is kept by the Quarter-
masters. Many great moments in history have come
down through the ages because some long forggttm
QM 'recorded the event in the ship's log.
Something wrong with a radio, surface radar,
iire control radar, ccSonar stackn or fathoineter?
Call the ET's. Yes, this branch of technicians are
the most important rate in the Navy. On a large ship
such as a carrier, cruiser or a battlewagon, an elec.
tronic's technician is usually assigned one particular
piece of gear and it is his responsibility to keep that
gear at peak operating condition. On the STEINAKER
the ET must be a ccjack of all tradesn and able to
make repairs on many different pieces of electronic
equipment. To aid in making repairs the ET has as
fine a collection of test equipment as any good civilian
radio repair shop. Some of the more advanced fields
in which the ET's are playing an important role
include guided missiles, advanced underseas weapons
and the ground controlled approach systems used to
bring both military and commercial aircraft to a safe
landing during periods of low visibility.
Oh ,yes l I l One other important function of the
Operations Department is liberty, and we proudly-
claim the title of ccLiberty Hounds Deluxen. Mrs.
Diana of Venice will vouch for that title we are sure.
Suggestions in the Steinaker (DD 863) - Naval Cruise Book collection:
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