St Johns College - Yearbook (Annapolis, MD)

 - Class of 1895

Page 11 of 42

 

St Johns College - Yearbook (Annapolis, MD) online yearbook collection, 1895 Edition, Page 11 of 42
Page 11 of 42



St Johns College - Yearbook (Annapolis, MD) online yearbook collection, 1895 Edition, Page 10
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St Johns College - Yearbook (Annapolis, MD) online yearbook collection, 1895 Edition, Page 12
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Page 11 text:

I K4 I 'X ST. Jornvfs COLLEGIAN. . 212 .wrought by the tide of French inva- sion, which had rolled over Germany for a quarter of a century, and aimed to reconstruct it as nearly as possi- ble like it was before the revolution. Germany was now but an incoher- ing multitude of independent states, for the old combination under the Emperor who was supposed to repre- sent the Geesars, was dashed to pieces by Napoleon, who substituted the confederation of the Rhine to parti- ally fill its place, but this fell with its author. y The Congress of Vienna organized the German states into one great con- federation with Austria at its head. Each State sent its representatives to the diet which met at Frankfort. The principal objects of this diet were to preserve 'the internal peace and to protect Germany against for- eign invasion. For ages Austria had been supreme in Germany, and had treated Prussia with the scant courtesy generally due an inferior. But Prussia-compact, wisely governed and in the enjoyment of a long and prosperous peace-in- creased rapidly in power, while Aus- tria, taxed with widely separated and dissatisfied provinces, wasted by ex- pensive wars, and hindered in her progress by an incompetent govern- ment, was gradually dwindlingaway. Prussia now began to aspire to the supremacy. For a while the trouble was averted by skillful diplomacy, but it was obvious that the solution of the question by the sword was in- evitable. While the quarrel was some distance from its culmination, Prussia was able to draw Austria into an alliance to wrest from Denmark the duchies of Schleswig and Hol- stein. The booty was easily obtain- ed, but its distribution widened still more the breach between the two jealous powers. By 1866 Prussia had completed the reorganization of her army. War was declared June 17th, and the Prussians under Gen. Von Moltke invaded Bohemia. The Austrians fought bravely against her invaders but were worsted in all the prelimi- nary combats and finally received a bloody and crushing defeat at Sado- wa. Only seven weeks after the de- claration of war the treaty of peace was signed. The power of Austria was completely broken. She was compelled to withdraw from the con- federation and allow a new organi- zation of Germany with Prussia at its head. - Beyond-the Rhine, however, France regarded the aggrandizement of Prus- sia with an evil eye. For centuries France had been a most undesirable neighbor to Germany. It had always been her policy to weaken and repress the loosely knit confederation of Germany. For fifty years after the fall of the great conqueror 'she was free from French aggression. But with the- signal defeat of Austria and the close union of Northern Ger- nianv, it was clearly seen that the southern states would soon join also a.nd there would be formed a power that would threaten the supremacy of France in Central Europe.

Page 10 text:

211 ST. JOI-IN'S COLLEGIAN., y . Justin such a manner and by j'uSt such a rare combination of tact .and skill, with one valuable exception, that of the experience of ages, shall our present questions he deciphered. By rending the veil of Time and piercing, the gloom of the future, what do we behold? Are we, the de- scendants of those noble fonndersof our republic to fail in our duty, hum- ble though it may be, to their sacred seas -'Are we to slacken the reins of government and let the ship of State sail on in a reckless course, until sure and certain of it will be, she' shall strike .upon one of the num- berless rocks of demagoguerv and-an overwlielininge destruction seal her eternal fate? It is for us to deter? niine our destiny, how it shall be? It remains for us to say whether as a nation we shall stand or as a sem- blance of a nation we shall ignomi- niously fall. l 5 4.5.43 l , 'ruin msn or run ennnan' rnirinn. M At the time of the French revolu- tion, Gerinany occupied large ten of territory in central Europe. It was divided into some three hundred states, whieli,'witli two or three ex- ceptions,were small and insignilieant, each having its own petty army and its own ruler whose power was abso- lute. lt is true 'there existed' a shadow of a union biniiing the states together, but it Q was an empire in name only. At the hands of Napoleon, Ger- many suffered deeply. The number 1 .. 3. L gb' of states 'was decreased to most of which were united nndergtlie Rhine Confederation, and ruled bya relation -of the conqueror, Prussia fared but .little better. However, she was left intact, as he believed that a great neutral power in central Enropewould afford France the best protection against an -invasion Russia. In the first coalition formed against the Emperor, Prussia acted iuga hesitating and undecided man- ner, and at last decided to remain neutral. . But the indignities to which Napoleon subjected her soon drove her to War. Alas! She had taken up arms' too late, for, she now was compelled to fight alone, as the armies of the coalition were irre- trievabl y scattered on the memorable lieldrof Austerlitz., 'At Jena and Auerstadt her armies miserably com- manded, were surprised by the French and hopelessly defeated. So utterly broken was her strength that for seven years she occupied no' higher position than that of a subjugated and tributary country. By the close of the Napoleonic wars many of the smaller states lying along the Rhine had virtually become a part' of France. l ' The allied solvereigns comprising the Congress of Vienna, failed to realize the great influence that the Emperor had upon the people, they did not feel that he had given to the human mind an impulse it could never lose, that absolute despotism was doomed to swift decay. They ignored the changes that were



Page 12 text:

str Jonns COLLEGIAN T '-France was now- governed' by a nephew of the great Emperor, but like his ancestor he --was too fond of personal glory. He began .to look,-' about for some pretext to quarrel with Germany. This soon came through -the Spanish succession, and although every obstacle was removed that would rupture the peaceful relations of the two nations: Yetthe inso- lent demands of France soon brought on a declaration of warg -The strug- gle opened with the invasion of the southern states by France, but so rapidly did the German forces con+ centrate that .the French were driven across the Rhine in disorder. No longer did the "Man of Destinyv lead the soldiers of France tostar the pages of rrorldls history with the glory' uf her arms. His splendid ar- mies seeizaed. weak and ineffectual . 1 1 . - Q 3 ' A . against the l'llYlllCllllt hosts Ger- nianyi She fought heroicallvi and cl.,-speruiely, but went -dowii in a sea of blood. flflren her l,'eaut.iful capi- tal was oecupied by the enemy, and amid the ruins of her ouxri gorern+ ment and the scenes ef her former glory, she was foreed to aeknou'ledge ' ' 'I l"w 'fi u the forniation of tue :,icririau lgrnpire irith ihe King of llrussia as iirst il'illlPCl'Ol'. a ' r Thus after -1'eiLii'curies of deep hu- ..,. .- nnliarion and umenld snliering' Hier- inany at lust attained. the pogiiigu which rightfully l,ieligingerl to 1191- peeple. Marry contend that a nation depending alone upon her military power f'orexisie11c:e, as filciuriaiiy does, is not permanent. The old eX-Chan- cellor Bismarck, spealii gf fullness of his ripe experie ee, recently: "That y any 'coupntryg p V had got past the point wlierefitj tg wage wars and fight battles, was deed to be pitiedg for its condi- must be like that of. Persia or China, a fossilized hopeless state, where prod? .gress was impossible, where .dissoluji tion was in'evitable,', and who will say that he was not right? ' ' p C. H-. Sz, ',96Q T W 'fl y l Hnrnnror-I HEINE. y The position of German literature is assured, she yields the palm for literary excellence to no I nation or people. The two great classic periods in her history produced iniperishable names, and shed lustre oyer the lit- erature of the World. There is a Ger- man Iliad, .the'Nibelungen-Lied, and a German Odyssy, the Grudrun-Lied. In the novel alone is' she decient, eyery other department she has mast- ered and enriched. She 'has con- tributed her share to the Worldis his- torians and philosophers,'men of pro- found and logical intellect, and the author of Faust is HOH16l',S greatest rival. ' .The positions of Heinrich Heine, among German poets is unique. Men ef such brilliant and somewhat er- ratic genius are rare, and Well repay a study of -the influences that mould- ed their career. Outside his native land, in France, Russia and Italy, the irorlfas of Heine are receiving more consideration than is' generally sup- posed. They have been translated

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