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Page 9 text:
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ized community, and which probably inju.ed rather than helped the
cause he had at heart.
When in jail, upon being asked if he would like to be rescued, Brown
said that his relations with his jailer were such that he should hold it a
breach of trust to be rescued. There is an example even higher than
that of Socrates, an example which history will not fail to hold up, that
of a man of whom his slayers said, "He saved others, himself he can not
Here is touched the secret of Brown's characterg absolute reliance
on the Divine, entire disregard of the present, in view of the promised
"For best befriended of the God
He who in evil times,
Warned by an inward voice,
Heeds not the darkness and the dread,
Abiding by his rule and choice:
Feeling only the fiery thread
Leading over heroic ground,
Walled with mortal terror round,
To the aim which him allures,
And the sweet heaven his deed secures."
Augustus Saint Gaudens
HE greatest men of all times have been the most perfect
fi representatives of their age. They have most truly ex-
pressed the ideals of the day in their work, and by this very
fact made immortal things that otherwise would have been
of only temporary interest.
Such a man was the American sculptor Augustus St.
Gaudens. He has taken, in some instances, the most commonplace
themes as in his "Grief", a memorial to a woman "who lived and died"-
made for a broken-hearted husband. But by his superb imagination and
execution he has produced a masterpiece which will never fail to grip
the soul of whosoever shall see it.
It is not, however, due to imagination alone that St. Gaudens be-
came the most noted of American artists and the founder of the Amer-
ican school of sculpture. Nor was it due to his never-ceasing toil, pow--
erful mind, nor clever fingers. Not to any of these things, nor to all of
them, does he owe his fame. He became a Master because these op-
portunities found him a man different from all about him and ever ready.
tool in hand, to sieze on an inspiration.
St. Gaudens was a hard worker, never giving himself a moment's
rest, even though, during the last ten years of his life he suffered con-
Page 8 text:
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Honor, Freedom, Courtesy". Truthful to himself and his fellowmeng
honorable in characterg a lover of freedom for all meng courteous to all,
whether black or white, rich or poor. Furthermore, he sought, "higher
things: not material things, for personal advantage, but things which
would most benefit mankind.
-A netha Smythe.
fa rg: AUDED as a martyr by some, denounced as a criminal by
"nl others, the whole secret of john Brown's career lies in his
. 1 I' emphatic conviction that he had a divine mission to destroy
., slavery, in whatever way he could. He disliked the "milk
5' and water" principles of the milder abolitionists and ad-
vocated vigorous resistance to slavery. He expressed his
ideas in actions rather than in words.
During the war of 1812 with England Brown was still a boy. Upon
seeing his black playmates beaten and starved to death, he first made
known his hatred for slavery and swore eternal war against it.
As early as 1839 he made known a definite plan for attacking slav-
ery by force. It was to obtain money for this enterprise that he engaged
in land speculations and wool industry. His ventures failed, and it was
at this time that he first communicated to his family his purpose of at-
tacking slavery in arms. For the next twenty years he devoted himself
almost entirely to the undertaking for which he sacrificed his life.
Although Brown would have justified a slave insurrection, or in-
deed almost any means of destroying slavery, he did not seek to incite
the southern slaves to a general uprising. The venture in which he lost
his life was not an insurrection in any sense of the word, but an invasion
or foray similar in character to that which Garibadli was to make six
months later in Sicily. The Italian succeeded, and became dictator of
the island he conquered: the American failed, and was put to death.
But his soul went marching on. Millions followed in his footsteps,
two years later, to complete the campaign in which Brown had led the
forlorn hope. As usual, the forlorn hope were sacrificed, but by their
death the final victory was won.
John Brown has been and probably always will be the subject of
much controversy. The truth, as usual, seems to lie between two ex-
tremes. Deeply imbued with the stern religious convictions of his
Puritan forefathers, in many respects a nineteenth century Cromwellian,
exceedingly rigid in the exercise of his religious duties, a fanatic in
temperament, wholly sincere and honest, he was devoted with his whole
soul to the right as he saw it. But however high his motive, he was re-
sponsible for deeds which were repulsive to the moral sense of a civil.-
Page 10 text:
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stantly. He worked slowly but the results obtained were well worth
the while. He was his own severest critic and had that infinite patience
which goes back over a thing, and over it, again and again until it is
satisfactory to himself. St. Gaudens often worked for days over a statue
that had received the approval of the purchaser, because it did not seem
just right to him. And when it did seem right to him, it was sure to be
right, because he had a fineness of judgment that is given to few artists.
Like all truly great men, St. Gaudens was never obtrusively present
in a throng. He was, in fact, rather diflident. But he had his own
opinions on all subiects and when called upon could express them forc-
ibly. His temper when aroused was terrific and because of his nervous-
ness and excitability it was roused not infrequently.
However, he had a fine sense of humor, which he may have inher-
ited from his Irish mother, and such humor is the saving grace of Amer-
St. Gaudens had that unusual greatness which is able to completely
submerge itself to do honor to his hero. It was his remarkable-power
to feel his subject, however, and his ability to translate that feeling to us
that makes us stand in awe before his works. They seem to be rather
the expression of an overpowering sentiment than an effort to produce
a work of art. They suggest the big thought behind the whole thing,
rather than just one instance, as in his Civil War portrayals. One seems
to feel the big issues at stake in the struggle, just by seeing his "Lin-
coln" or his "Sherman".
And this bigness is the bigness of St. Gaudens himself 3 of a mind
great enough to encompass a universe, of a heart sublime enough to
sympathize with it. He was as truly a great man as he was a great
sculptor, since a gift such as his, without ceaseless toil and ready will-
ingness to take advantage of opportunities, would never have attained
Surely, in the gallery of great Americans the scu1ptor's place should
be filled by Augustus St. Gaudens.
W a I I W fi i i m a n
as yet produced a distinctive type Has our soil, our at
5 mosphere the necessary wherewithal to form beings whom
' ' we can recognize as our own, formed out of the absorption
f. of so many different nationalities that pour into this "melt-
From this conglomerate mass came an Abraham Lincoln, and as
Lincoln typiFies,to us the distinctive American in the political arena, so
ave often heard it questioned as to whether America has
A n Q Q . o -
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