Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA)

 - Class of 1930

Page 130 of 176


Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) online yearbook collection, 1930 Edition, Page 130 of 176
Page 130 of 176

Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) online yearbook collection, 1930 Edition, Page 129
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Page 130 text:

The Constitution cannot be changed, therefore we must have amendments, of which tliere are nineteen. I l)clie ' e that it would be proper to say that only nine real amend- ments have been oted, because the hrst ten, so-called amendments, were additions to the constitution rather than amendments to it. Of the seventeen amendments oted by the House , tweh e of these were indorsed by the Senate, ten of these were ratihed by the states, and eight of these embodied the desired guarantees of personal rights. The ninth provided that the enumeration of certain rights in the constitution shall not be construed “to deny others retained by the people.’’ The tenth amendment was intended to clear up doubts con- cerning the construction of powers between the national and state governments. d ' he next two amendments were adopted to correct defects which come to life early in the Constitution’s history. The eleventh amend- ment declared that the “judicial powers of the United States shall not be construed to extend to any suit in law or equity commenced or prosecuted against one of the United States by citizens of another state, or by citizens or subjects of any foreign state.” The twelfth amendment provided for separate votes for president and vice-presi- dent, due to the election of 18()0 when Jefferson and Burr tied. As the result of the Civil War we have three other amendments adopted, which were designed primarily to protect the status of a body of people newly injected into the citizenship of the republic. ' Idle thirteenth amendment prohibited slavery, ddie fourteenth amemlment, dehning citizenship, further safeguarding individual rights, altering the bases of representation in congress, and laying disabilities on ex-officials guilty of rebellion against the United States. ' Idle hfteenth amendment restrained the states from abridging or denying the suffrage on account of race, color, or previous conditions of servitude. Forty-three years elapsed between the fifteenth and sixteenth amendment, ddie sixteenth amendment was to lay and to collect taxes on income from whatever source derived, without apportion- ment among the several states, and without regard to any census or enumeration. ' Fhe seventeenth amendment provided for direct popular election of Senators, ddie last two amendments were adopted during the World War. ' Idie eighteenth amendment is the most talked of and most violated law or amendment known to the United States. Since this amendment is, as stated, the most talked of and most violated of any other amendment, let us learn some of the most interesting •4 124 Ih-

Page 129 text:

Senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by legislature for six years, each senator having one vote, d ' ho Vice-President of the United States will be president of the Senate, but shall have no vote unless there happens to be a tie. In Sec. 7 of this same article it is written that all bills for raising re enue originate in the House of Representatives, but the Senate may propose the amendments as on other bills. One of the most important things in Art. 1 is found in Sec. 10. No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, coin money, make anything but gold and silver a tender in the payments of debts. No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing its inspection laws. No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay any duty on tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time of peace. Article 2 tells us how the President of the United States is elected. The electors shall meet in their states and vote by ballot for two per- sons. They shall make a list of all persons voted for, and the num- ber of votes for each. The President of the Senate shall, in the pres- ence of both the Senate and House of Representatives, open all of the certificates, and the votes shall then be counted. The person ha fing the most number of votes shall be president of the United States; the person having the greatest number of electoral votes shall become the Vice-President of the Ignited States. Going on through to Sec. 4 of Art. 4, it reads, that the United States shall guarantee to e ’ery state in this union a republic form of government, and shall protect each of them against invasion. On reading Art. 5 we discovered the way that the amendments are passed. If two-thirds of the House deem it necessary, it shall pro- pose amendments to this constitution, or on the application of the legislatures of two-thirds of the several states call a convention for proposing amendments. In xA.rt. 6 it is stated that this constitution and the laws of the United Stat es which shall be made in pursuance thereof, and all trea- ties made, or which shall be made, under the authority of the United States shall be the supreme law of the land; and the judges in every state shall be bound thereby, anything in the Constitution or laws of any state to the contrary notwithstanding. The last article is that the ratification of the convention of nine states shall be sufficient for the establishment of this constitution between the states so ratifying the same. 4 . 123

Page 131 text:

things about this anicndment. 1 doubt that you luue gi cn this a thought where, when, and why the tiglit against prohibition started. d ' he fight for prohibition started in a chureh in Jamestown in 1619, the first permanent English settlement in America, wliere the (ieneral Assembly met, aii{l was the first meeting of its kind in this country, which assumed control of the licpior traffic, and enacted laws to punish drunkenness and prohiI)ited the sale of licpior to the Indians under severe penalties. This law was amended and its provisions extended by succeeding Legislatures, and was reason- ably enforced, as the old records give the names of many who were punished for even saying they were drunk. ' Phis amendment was finally ado])ted and added to the constitu- tion as the eighteenth amendment during the WTrld War, due to the fact that the breweries and distilleries were largely owned by- persons of German origin which helped to sharpen public resentment against the liquor traffic, and to j)repare the way for the adoj tion of this amendment by ' Congress in 1917. The adoi)tion of national prohibition was a bold social experiment. As the result of this we have the Volstead act in which Congress declared all be erages c m- taining one-half of one per cent of alcohol to l)e intoxicating and hence forbidden. Prohibition is in the Federal Constitution to stay. It took two- thirds of both houses of congress and thirty--six states to submit and ratify this amendment. Thirty-seven states have now enacted state prohibition laws. The nineteenth amendment is that the right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged on account of sex by the llnited States or by- any state. Calvin Hurst, ' ji. •4 125

Suggestions in the Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) collection:

Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) online yearbook collection, 1927 Edition, Page 1


Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) online yearbook collection, 1928 Edition, Page 1


Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) online yearbook collection, 1929 Edition, Page 1


Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) online yearbook collection, 1931 Edition, Page 1


Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) online yearbook collection, 1932 Edition, Page 1


Pulaski High School - Oriole Yearbook (Pulaski, VA) online yearbook collection, 1933 Edition, Page 1


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