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Page 94 text:
The Uncle Sam Chronicles
September 12, 1901. King Camp Gillette
organizes a company for the manufacture of
safety razors. ln 1903 he sells 51 razors.
October 24, 1901. A.E. Taylor becomes the
first man to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
November 16, 1901. A.C. Bostwich drives
60 miles per hour at Ocean Parkway
in Brooklyn. '
December 5, 1901. Walt Disney born.
December 16, 1901. Margaret Mead born.
August 25, 1902. An Arabic daily newspaper,
Al-Hoda is published in Philadelphia.
1903. New York Stock Exchange built.
1903. "The Great Train Robbery" is the first
motion picture with a plot.
December 16, 1903. The Majestic Theatre in
New York employs usherettes.
December 17, 1903. Orville Wright pilots a
745-pound airplane 852 feet in 59 seconds.
Average speed is 31 miles an hour.
January 9, 1904. George Balanchine born.
May 4, 1904. Work begins on the Panama Canal.
December 27, 1904. Marlene Dietrich born.
1906. Upton Sinclair's The Jungle exposes
conditions in the Chicago stockyards and
April 14, 1906. Teddy Roosevelt coins the
term "muckraker" to describe Sinclair and
his fellow crusading writers.
April' 18-19, 1906. San Francisco earthquake
and fire kill 452.
October 11, 1906. The San Francisco School
Board orders segregation of all Japanese.
Chinese and Korean children into separate
1907. There are 236.900 miles of railroads in
operation in the United States.
1907. A.L.R. Locke is the first black
1907. Electric washing machine marketed
January 23, 1907. Charles Curtis of Kansas
is the first native American to serve in
March 9, 1907. Indiana enacts legalization of
June 18, 1903. E.P. Fetch and Marcus Krarup
leave San Francisco in a one-cylinder Packard.
August 21, 1903. E.P. Fetch and Marcus Krarup
arrive in New York City.
June 30, 1906. Pure Food and Drug Act passes.
i ,Q .
Not all these famous women play mzlsictzl instruments
1. lvlarianne Moore is considered the leading
woman poet. 2. Dorothea Dir awakened America
to the plight of the mentally ill. 3. Amelia Earhart
flew the Atlantic alone in 1932. 4- Louisa May Alcott
wrote Little Women. 5. Georgia OLKeefe is a
leading abstract painter. 6. Maria Mitchell
discovered a comet and was the -hrs! woman
elected to the Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Z Lydia Maria Child was a writer who championed
the abolitionist cause. 8. Margaret Clapp won a
Pulitzer Prize and was president of Wellesley
College. 9. Eleanor Roosevelt was chairwoman of
Page 93 text:
The Uncle Sam Chronicles
In 1923, Joseph Babcock transliterated an
ancient Chinese game and copyrighted it as
Mah Jongg. Mah Jongg was a flash fad. The
whole country played it for several months,
then the bottom dropped out, leaving S2
million in unsalable Mah Jongg boards in the
hands of retailers.
The twin crazes of prohibition and bootlegging
totally dominated the 1920's, engrossing the
entire population, but with the onset of the
Great Depression, hysterical frivolity took on
unforeseen dimensions. Flagpole sitting
became a national sport, and college students
took to swallowing hundreds of live goldfish at
a single sitting. While never as popular,
phonograph record eating provided
Chain letters promising huge fortunes were
circulated widely during the depression. and
the whole country began playing miniature
World War II provided a sobering influence.
The population put aside the frantic
pursuits of the previous two decades
and began saving string and aluminum foil, and
blacking out huge cities at night. By the end of
the war, America was ready for Frank Sinatra,
the biggest heartthrob since Rudolph
Valentino. Frankie faded, but was soon
followed by Johnny Raye, Frankie Laine, Eddie
Fisher, Julius LaRosa, Pat Boone, Elvis Presley,
Ricky Nelson, Tom Jones, Johnny Cash,
Robert Goulet and Alice Cooper.
Fess Parker showed up in 1955 on Walt
Disney's TV program as Davy Crockett, and
caused every kid in the country to go out and
buy a coonskin hat. These were worn while
hula hooping, trampolining and go-karting.
Comic books peaked in the 1950's, and pogo
sticks, stilts, and yoyos underwent semiannual
Backyard bomb shelters heralded the 1960's, a
decade of political consciousness that was
captioned by pithy bumper stickers of every
persuasion. Frisbees were thrown everywhere,
underground newspapers were published. and
rock music became even more a part of
The 60's were years of unrest, assassinations,
turmoil, riots and social change. They left
America stunned, tired and ready for the 70's
and the decade's biggest fad: nostalgia for the
remnants of every other decade of the century.
WQEQK IES MJJCCDIRFE
June 17, 1896. George Harpo and
Frank Samuelson leave New York City in
a rowboat. VA Y
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July 31, 1896. George Harpo and
August 29, 1896. The chef of New York
Chinatown leader Li Hung-Chang invents
1897. T.S. Wheatcraft of Rush, Pennsylvania,
introduces the vending machine. His machine
dispenses hot, salted peanuts.
April 24, 1898. The I.LS.S. Maine is sunk in
Cuba. War breaks out between the United States
I May 1, 1898. The United States fleet sinks
the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, The Philippines.
No American ships are damaged and no
Americans are injured.
Iuly 1, 1898. 7,000 American troops, including
the Rough Riders under Colonel Teddy
. . , S J l-l'll.
Frank Samuelson row their boat into the Roosevelt capture an nan I
Scilly Islands offithe coast of England.
July 7, 1898. Hawaii is annexed.
July 3, 1898. More of the Spanish fleet is
destroyed off Cuba. American casualities:
one killed, one wounded.
December 10, 1898. Spain cedes Cuba.
Puerto Rico, Guam and The Philippines to
the United States.
1900. First automat opens in New York City.
1900. The Otis Elevator Company of
New York City displays the first escalator at
the Paris Exposition.
1900. Motorcycle patented. I ,
March 13, 1901. Benjamin Harrison dies.
September 6, 1901. President William McKinley
is shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at the
Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo. McKinley
dies on September 14 and is succeeded by
Page 95 text:
1908. A lollipop manufacturing machine.
Capable of manufacturing 40 lollipops per
second. is produced hy the Racine
Confectionaries Machinery Company. The
manufacturer claims that the machine makes
more lollipops in one week than can be sold in
1908. Jack Johnson becomes the first black
world boxing champion.
1908. Teddy Roosevelt sends The Great White
Fleet around the world.
July 8, 1908. Nelson Rockefeller horn.
August, 1908. Dr. Henry Herbert Goddard.
director of the New Jersey Training School for
Feeble-Minded Boys and Girls, introduces
the first intelligence test.
August 27, 1908. Lyndon Johnson born.
November 3, 1908. William Howard Taft defeats
William Jennings Bryan for President by 321
electoral votes to 162.
1909. Frank Lloyd Wright designs the Robie
1909. Child actress Gladys Smith is
transmogrified into Mary Pickford under
the tutelage of D.W. Griffiths.
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UN Human Rights Commission from 1946-53.
10. .S'oiourner Truth was a self-educated orator
who worked for black freedom in the 19th Centutjv.
11. Shirley Chisholm was the .hast black woman
in Congress and to run for president. 12. Jane
Addams founded Hull House, the lhrst social
.settlement in America. 13. Clara Barton
established the International Red Cross.
14. Elizabeth Cadv Stanton organized the first
Womens Rights Convention in 1848. 15. Margaret
Chase Smith from Maine became one of the most
prominent Republicans in the Senate. 16. Clare
Booth Luce had careers as Congresswoman,
playwright, ambassador. IZ Dtbcie Lee Ray is a
member of the Atomic Energy Commission.
18. Gertrude Stein was one of the most famous
ll'l8l'L11jl.hg1ll'E.S' of the 1920s. 19. Pearl Buck won
Nobel Prize for Literature in 1938. 20. Margaret
Sanger was jailed in 1916 for opening Americas
,first birth control clinic. 21. Marv Lyon founded
the advanced female senzinargv at Mt. Holyoke,
Massachusetts. 22. Mildred "Babe"Didrikson
broke 4 Olympic records in 1932 and pitched
t 1 X H
The Uncle Sam Chronicles
.1-zinuag 1, 1909. Barry Goldwater born.
February 9, 1909. The first anti-narcotic law
is passed in response to fears that as many
as 152: of the American population are hooked
on opium-based medicines.
1910. The Rotary Club is organized.
1910. The first pinball machine is manufactured
1910. Mr. Wilson observatory installs a
100-inch reflecting telescope.
February 8, 1910. The Boy Scouts of America
are chartered in Washington, D.C. Be Prepared.
April 21, 1910. Samuel Langhorne Clemens
lMark Twain! dies.
August 13, 1910. Florence Nightingale dies.
November 8, 1910. W.M. Frost of Spokane.
Washington, invents the insect electrocutor.
against the Brooklvn Dodgezs. 23. Margaret Mead
is a leading 20th centuly anthropologist.
24. Frances Perkins was Franklin Roosevelts
Secretaty of Labor and the first woman to serve
in a cabinet. 25. Helen Keller overcame blindness
and deafness to become a leading essayist,
lecturer and educator. 26. Edna St. Vincent Millay
was a leading American poet. 27. Margaret Fuller
was a transcendentalist leader and author.
28. Mary Cassatt was the 111051 famous American
impressionist painter. 29. Phyllis Wheatley was
a black poet of the 18th centurv. 30. Harriet
Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin.
31. Susan B. Anthony was the early feminist
movements first and greatest activist.
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