Pleasant Hill Junior Academy - Torch Yearbook (Pleasant Hill, CA)

 - Class of 1975

Page 92 of 106


Pleasant Hill Junior Academy - Torch Yearbook (Pleasant Hill, CA) online yearbook collection, 1975 Edition, Page 92 of 106
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Pleasant Hill Junior Academy - Torch Yearbook (Pleasant Hill, CA) online yearbook collection, 1975 Edition, Page 91
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Page 92 text:

The Uncle Sam Chronicles As a young nation, America didn't have all that much time for fads and crazes, since most of us were more concerned with mundane things like clearing fields. building cabins. farming. raising children and working. When people did get together for a little fun, well. there were always witch trials, or killing buffalo from the observation car of a transcontinental train. George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were patrons of cock fighting, and by the mid-1800's phrenology became popular. Generally, however, there just wasn't very much to do. Leisure industries didn't boom until the 40 hour work-week became widespread. Cycling was introduced in the l86O's. The first were unicycles known as Flying Yankee Wheels. They were popularized by gymnasts. but sales dropped when people began to discover that it took a gymnast to ride one. High-wheeled bicycles followed, and the taller a rider was. the bigger a front wheel he could straddle. Short men took up tricycles. By the turn of the century the bicycles back wheel was the same size as the front and bicycling became the first true fad. followed quickly by roller skating, and then roller polo, which was a kind of ice hockey on wheels. When the Civil War ended, fighting men brought home a wide assortment of diseases, and an insatiable demand for remedies and patent medicines. Cures were invented for liver ailment, falling hair, tuberculosis, flabbiness, impotency, indigestion, cancer, polio, and warts. You could order any of them from a wholesale house in Chicago or St. Louis, for 25C plus postage and handling. Two reasons for the popularity of these remedies were the most common ingredients: alcohol and opium. Even if people weren't actually cured, at least they didn't care so much. Trading Cards swept the nation in the mid- 1880's, depicting baseball players, politicians, and music hall performers. Playing cards were circulated with caricatures of political figures, and there were even trading cards that pictured patent medicines. Jazz music's journey up the Mississippi from New Orleans to Chicago is well chronicled, but by the turn of the Twentieth Century it was another indigenous musical form. Ragtime, that was sweeping the country. Nothing remotely as popular appeared on the musical scene until Bill Haley, Fats Domino, Chuck Berry and their friends blew open the l950's. AFTER THE LDA? June, 1888. George Eastman patents and registers his Kodak No. l, a camera which uses roll film and does not require a tripod or table for support. 1889. Elizabeth Cochrane. a reporter for the New York World using the name Nellie Bly. travels around the world in 72 days. February 22, 1889. The Territories of North Dakota. South Dakota, Montana and Wyoming are annexed. 1890. There are 125,000 miles of railroads in the United States. .Iuly 10, 1890. Wyoming becomes the first state to grant suffrage to women. August 6, 1890. William Kemmler, the convicted murderer of Matilda Ziegler, becomes the first man to be electrocuted. The electrocution takes place at Auburn Prison. New York. October 14, 1890. Dwight D. Eisenhower born. September 28, 1891. Herman Melville' dies. 1892. James Naismith introduces basketball at the YMCA Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts. The peachubasket employed retains its bottom so that the ball must be removed by hand after each successful goal. 1893. The New York World publishes the first comic strip, entitled "1-logarfs Alley." The first successful serial strip, ','The Yellow Kid," follows. May 10, 1893. Locomotive 999 of the New York Central attains a speed of more than 112 miles per hour. Summer, 1893. The Chicago World's Fair. Iune 9, 1893. Cole Porter born in Peru, Indiana. 1894. Colonel Royal Page Davidson creates the first military bicycle corps at Northwestern Military Academy, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin. Sixteen cadets ride bicycles equipped with clips for carrying rifles. 1895. William George Morgan of the Holyoke, Massachusetts YMCA invents volleyball. May 6, 1896. Samuel Pierpont Langley's 26-pound, 16-foot airplane makes the first heavier-than-air propelled flight. Langley's airplane is powered by a one-horsepower steam engine. May 30, 1896. Henry Wells of Springfield, Massachusetts, driving a Duryea Motor Wagon strikes Evylyn Thomas. who is riding a bicycle, causing the first automobile accident. Wells is incarcerated overnight awaiting a report on Ms. Thomas's injuries.

Page 91 text:

" "twtt it .X . Y I ill' .2 t, A ' V V I I I if The Uncle Sam Chronicles 7868 Brigham Young opens the firstishoppmg center Called ZionfsfGooperativeaMercantile Institution, it consists of four storesselling dry goods and carpets, men s clothing groceries and drugs The next vear he puts all four' under-the same roof. creating the first discount supermarket. February 24, 1868 Impeachment begun aga1nst'President Andrewilohnson. He was impeached by the House and acquitted in the Senate by one vote. is required l 1869 Bret Harte publishes,Th2zdOurcasts of Poker Flat. Y May 10 1869. Union Paci:fiE and Central Pacific Railroads meet at Promontory, Utah. the Democrat as atdonkey. It appeafs'1iiiVHdl7Jer1v Weekfv and artist Thomas Nast entitles it 187 P T Barnumgand l.A. Bailey open "The Greatest Show on Earth" in Brooklyn. New York. depriving a citizen his vote because of race, color or previous condition of servitude. gives his employees Saturday afternoonsroff. 1872. Aaron Montgomery Ward founds the first mail order house at Chicago. San Fgancisco. . 1874. George Greenwood of Farmington, Maine, invents earmuffs. Ashton Hunt and reporter Alfred Ford attempt to fly across the Atlantic in a 300,000 the crew leaves Brooklyn. New York. and flies four hours until running into a storm Ross of Germantown Pennsylvania is the first child to be kidnaped for ransom .Mary Walsh and Charles M. Colton are married in a balloon over Cincinnati. Ohio. Term Panic" fifst depicts the Republican as an elephant ,the first book written on a typewriter. 1876. The 'National Baseball League is formed. 'i I .I Grahami Bell invents the telephone while Thomas Alva'Edison is ' hm? N93 phonograph. 1877. Winslow Homer paints The Cotton-Pickeizr. .i x'1 :Y L r" I' ' September 1, 1878 Emma M Nutt is hired as a telephone operator 1879 Mary Baker Eddy becomes pastor of a Church of Christ in Boston May 28 1879. Illinois prohibits the employment of women in coal mines. 1880 Former Civil War general Lou Wallace writes Ben Hur. 1880 The probation system is established in Boston. .Ianuary 26, 1880. Douglas MacArthur born. services in front of Harryhills Gentlemen's Sporting Theatre where "Uncle Tom's Cabin" is playing. V a disappointed office seeker. Garfield is succeeded by Chester Arthur, the obscure. 1882. A ski club is formed at Berlin, New Hampshire. May, 1882. Chinese immigration is banned for ten years. 188 Benjamin Franklin Keith opens the first Vaudeville show in Boston, called The Gaiety Museum. .luly 4, 1883. Buffalo Bill Cody opens his Wild West Show. 1884. Mark Twain publishes Huckleberrjv Finn. April 22, 1884. Thomas Stevens leaves San Francisco to bicycle around the world. May 8, 1884. Harry S. Truman born. is completed in Chicago. , 1885. Sylvanus F. Bowser of Fort Wayne, Indiana, manufactures the first gasoline pump and tank. The one-barrel contraption has marble valves. .Iuly 23, 1885. Ulysses S. Grant dies. November 11, 1885. George Patton born. 1886. Thomas Stevens rides into San Francisco after bicycling around the world. 1886. Carnegie publishes Triumphant Democracy. Marx publishes Das K apital. October 28, 1886. The Statue of Liberty, a gift of the French people, is unveiled, commemorating the 100th anniversary of American independence. May 1, 1887. The presidential succession law is enacted to provide for succession in the event of death or discharge from office of both the president and vice-president. May 11, 1888. Irving Berlin born. November 20, 1888. William L. Bundy patents the time clock March 10, 1880. The Salvation Army lands in New York City and holds July 2, 1881. President James Garfield is assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau 1885. A ten-story skyscraper designed by William Le Baron Jenney

Page 93 text:

The Uncle Sam Chronicles In 1923, Joseph Babcock transliterated an ancient Chinese game and copyrighted it as Mah Jongg. Mah Jongg was a flash fad. The whole country played it for several months, then the bottom dropped out, leaving S2 million in unsalable Mah Jongg boards in the hands of retailers. The twin crazes of prohibition and bootlegging totally dominated the 1920's, engrossing the entire population, but with the onset of the Great Depression, hysterical frivolity took on unforeseen dimensions. Flagpole sitting became a national sport, and college students took to swallowing hundreds of live goldfish at a single sitting. While never as popular, phonograph record eating provided considerable diversion. Chain letters promising huge fortunes were circulated widely during the depression. and the whole country began playing miniature golf. World War II provided a sobering influence. The population put aside the frantic pursuits of the previous two decades and began saving string and aluminum foil, and blacking out huge cities at night. By the end of the war, America was ready for Frank Sinatra, the biggest heartthrob since Rudolph Valentino. Frankie faded, but was soon followed by Johnny Raye, Frankie Laine, Eddie Fisher, Julius LaRosa, Pat Boone, Elvis Presley, Ricky Nelson, Tom Jones, Johnny Cash, Robert Goulet and Alice Cooper. Fess Parker showed up in 1955 on Walt Disney's TV program as Davy Crockett, and caused every kid in the country to go out and buy a coonskin hat. These were worn while hula hooping, trampolining and go-karting. Comic books peaked in the 1950's, and pogo sticks, stilts, and yoyos underwent semiannual revivals. Backyard bomb shelters heralded the 1960's, a decade of political consciousness that was captioned by pithy bumper stickers of every persuasion. Frisbees were thrown everywhere, underground newspapers were published. and rock music became even more a part of everyday life. The 60's were years of unrest, assassinations, turmoil, riots and social change. They left America stunned, tired and ready for the 70's and the decade's biggest fad: nostalgia for the remnants of every other decade of the century. WQEQK IES MJJCCDIRFE June 17, 1896. George Harpo and Frank Samuelson leave New York City in a rowboat. VA Y 14.3.2 .ff '- I - W-if ..,. A-3 A 'Y ,K -- - - -z 1 3 MJT J. I -.:'r--- 4. .Q f ats' rf ' A I?-+1 . el, A ' be ,g -I 3 E:-g,?:.,S,. , ,x .Y 1, . A ,X Grafx? ,NEA --.-we -N4--SU July 31, 1896. George Harpo and August 29, 1896. The chef of New York Chinatown leader Li Hung-Chang invents Chop Suey. 1897. T.S. Wheatcraft of Rush, Pennsylvania, introduces the vending machine. His machine dispenses hot, salted peanuts. April 24, 1898. The I.LS.S. Maine is sunk in Cuba. War breaks out between the United States and Spain. I May 1, 1898. The United States fleet sinks the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, The Philippines. No American ships are damaged and no Americans are injured. Iuly 1, 1898. 7,000 American troops, including the Rough Riders under Colonel Teddy . . , S J l-l'll. Frank Samuelson row their boat into the Roosevelt capture an nan I Scilly Islands offithe coast of England. July 7, 1898. Hawaii is annexed. July 3, 1898. More of the Spanish fleet is destroyed off Cuba. American casualities: one killed, one wounded. December 10, 1898. Spain cedes Cuba. Puerto Rico, Guam and The Philippines to the United States. 1900. First automat opens in New York City. 1900. The Otis Elevator Company of New York City displays the first escalator at the Paris Exposition. 1900. Motorcycle patented. I , March 13, 1901. Benjamin Harrison dies. September 6, 1901. President William McKinley is shot by anarchist Leon Czolgosz at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo. McKinley dies on September 14 and is succeeded by Teddy Roosevelt.

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