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Page 91 text:
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A ' V V I I I if The Uncle Sam Chronicles
7868 Brigham Young opens the firstishoppmg center Called ZionfsfGooperativeaMercantile Institution, it consists of four storesselling dry goods and carpets,
men s clothing groceries and drugs The next vear he puts all four' under-the same roof. creating the first discount supermarket.
February 24, 1868 Impeachment begun aga1nst'President Andrewilohnson. He was impeached by the House and acquitted in the Senate by one vote.
is required l 1869 Bret Harte publishes,Th2zdOurcasts of Poker Flat. Y
May 10 1869. Union Paci:fiE and Central Pacific Railroads meet at Promontory, Utah.
the Democrat as atdonkey. It appeafs'1iiiVHdl7Jer1v Weekfv and artist Thomas Nast entitles it
187 P T Barnumgand l.A. Bailey open "The Greatest Show on Earth" in Brooklyn. New York.
depriving a citizen his vote because of race, color or previous condition of servitude.
gives his employees Saturday afternoonsroff.
1872. Aaron Montgomery Ward founds the first mail order house at Chicago.
San Fgancisco. . 1874. George Greenwood of Farmington, Maine, invents earmuffs.
Ashton Hunt and reporter Alfred Ford attempt to fly across the Atlantic in a 300,000
the crew leaves Brooklyn. New York. and flies four hours until running into a storm
Ross of Germantown Pennsylvania is the first child to be kidnaped for ransom
.Mary Walsh and Charles M. Colton are married in a balloon over Cincinnati. Ohio.
Term Panic" fifst depicts the Republican as an elephant
,the first book written on a typewriter.
1876. The 'National Baseball League is formed. 'i I .I
Grahami Bell invents the telephone while Thomas Alva'Edison is ' hm? N93
phonograph. 1877. Winslow Homer paints The Cotton-Pickeizr. .i x'1 :Y L r" I' '
September 1, 1878 Emma M Nutt is hired as a telephone operator
1879 Mary Baker Eddy becomes pastor of a Church of Christ in Boston
May 28 1879. Illinois prohibits the employment of women in coal mines.
1880 Former Civil War general Lou Wallace writes Ben Hur.
1880 The probation system is established in Boston.
.Ianuary 26, 1880. Douglas MacArthur born.
services in front of Harryhills Gentlemen's Sporting Theatre
where "Uncle Tom's Cabin" is playing. V
a disappointed office seeker. Garfield is succeeded by Chester Arthur,
the obscure. 1882. A ski club is formed at Berlin, New Hampshire.
May, 1882. Chinese immigration is banned for ten years.
188 Benjamin Franklin Keith opens the first Vaudeville show in Boston, called
The Gaiety Museum.
.luly 4, 1883. Buffalo Bill Cody opens his Wild West Show.
1884. Mark Twain publishes Huckleberrjv Finn.
April 22, 1884. Thomas Stevens leaves San Francisco to bicycle
around the world.
May 8, 1884. Harry S. Truman born.
is completed in Chicago.
, 1885. Sylvanus F. Bowser of Fort Wayne, Indiana,
manufactures the first gasoline pump and tank. The
one-barrel contraption has marble valves.
.Iuly 23, 1885. Ulysses S. Grant dies.
November 11, 1885. George Patton born.
1886. Thomas Stevens rides into San Francisco after
bicycling around the world.
1886. Carnegie publishes Triumphant Democracy. Marx publishes
Das K apital.
October 28, 1886. The Statue of Liberty, a gift of the French people, is unveiled,
commemorating the 100th anniversary of American independence.
May 1, 1887. The presidential succession law is enacted to provide for succession in the event of
death or discharge from office of both the president and vice-president.
May 11, 1888. Irving Berlin born. November 20, 1888. William L. Bundy patents the time clock
March 10, 1880. The Salvation Army lands in New York City and holds
July 2, 1881. President James Garfield is assassinated by Charles J. Guiteau
1885. A ten-story skyscraper designed by William Le Baron Jenney
Page 90 text:
1 8 0 0 J I ' '
TheUncle SamChronicles 1 Tzf- l' V , A' M Vi., I -
, ' .ji i'-,111 X ,JN gif, R, 'ff' .-7 g1.i,Q..-1 5 . '
1848. All or parts of New Mexico, Texas, California, Nfeiiada, Utah, Arizortat' Plifyjoriting, 'and'Co1oradijjareEaoquired from Mexico. '
January 24, 1848. James W. Marshall .discovers gtfldnat fSujtter's Creelg, ii J ' " "1
July 19, 1848. Amelia Jenks Bloomer introduces bloomeriiiglifie first wovrnerfs rights' Falls, New York. l
October 7, 1849. Edgar Allen Poe dies. Octolggrrggi, 1849. Firstiirecoriied .exhibition offaftattooed rriang New York
1850. Nathaniel Hawthorne's The Scarlet Letter is publishetlg' :f septemner-to, 1850, sa stare. ..,
- ,. - lv. , t i 0. -f W t-pf .
september, 1851. New York Times begins publicatiopg , - 6Q,i.gt2HlSiqi1ait.8ghtt- rstvwomn, ,sitgi-F . -Ti
' , ' Y .,,. E ' fi' L t- l ,'-, , fi. V. ., Wifi?" Afsf.-, 2 V - ' , F' i
March 13, 18523 The first newspaper cartoon .depicting UnGl6l?Sarn'isjpi1b1isliEdi"t5:wW .15-F,f,iI.1 A. ,D Y 1 Y - :
,g- 1,7 -x-1' I ,gg 1' .. 4, .,.-Q Z Y . ..' V
Marcb'20, 1854. The Republican Party is christened .by Alclaii'Eagle'1iovay - -V x Y .51 ,L
July 25, 1854. Walter Hunt invents the paper collar. ibctober 15,-118541 John
November 5, 1855. Eugene Debs borng November 28, 1856.,5WoodrowiWi16Sii,lflgir5gEf ..: A
1857. Joseph C. Gayetty of New York rnercharidises. the first icornmercifliitoiletl
for ,500 sheets, it claims to, assist in the preventioit of piles., A : 1. K
1859. George Huntington Hartford adds teal togthisflhidd, and leather:-btisi:r1ess1 fri' 'img
first link in what-'was toibecome' the largest superrnarilfgt world, ,'.' A
The Great Atlantic and ,Pacific Teaqgortipanyg-.or the,f2Sx8ZPQ . . ft - F
-1.41 V '--i'..
February 14, 1859. Oregon becomes a state! ' 'I 'fi' 'V I ' " Q ' ' ,-
August 17, 1859. The first airmail is 'cari'ietil'entitogtexfrom . Lafayette.1Iir1di't1na. ' if
to New York in a balloon piloted by John Wise, ythogtlanlotit of hotair 27 miles -sotithpf his
takeoff point. Wise later became the first aerial'boi1L1liai'tgliEir4,'pdihonstrating 'a newtorm
of warfare by tossing dynamite sticks out of a dirigiblieit' 'r11,QQ'-'.- 7, e' ' '
1860. The United stares has 30.000 miles ofrzii'iway'trackS.1 1 1
November 6, 1860. Abraham Lincoln elected President. ' - v , I
December 20, 1860. South Carolina secedes from the-Union. ' Al i '
February 4, 1861. Eleven Southern states convene at the Congress of Mrsntgdmery ag
under Jefferson Davis.
February 5, 1861. Samuel D. Goodale patents the first peepshow
machine, naming it the Mutoscope.
April 12, 1861. 75 year-old Edmond Ruffin fires the first shot in the
Civil War at Fort Sumter. South Carolina. I
June 18, 1861. The first flycasting contest. held at Utica, New Yorkl
is won by George Lennebacker.
1862. The first organized football team is formed at Oneida. New York.
They defeat every opponent from 1862 through 1865, and never allow
an opposing team to cross their goal line.
February 3, 1862. Thomas Alva Edison publishes a newspaper on a train and
distributes it to towns between Port Huron and Detroit, Michigan.
March 9, 1862. Monitor defeats Merr1'nmc.
July 1, 1862. The first income tax is imposed. lt is rescinded in 1872.
September 22, 1862. The Emancipation Proclamation declares that slaves are to be free
on January l. 1863.
February 17, 1864. The Hunley becomes the first submarine to sink a warship in combat. dispatching the
U.S.S. Husatonic to a watery grave with a torpedo. The wave generated by the explosion swamps and sinks the
submarine, killing its crew. The hand-cranked craft makes four miles an hour and has no provisions for air.
The Hunley sinks four different times, killing its crew on each occasion.
April 7, 1864. First camel race in America held at Agricultural Park A
in Sacramento. California. May 19, 1864. Nathaniel Hawthorne dies at 59.
April 9, 1865. Robert E. Lee capitulates at Appomattox. April 14, 1865. Abraham Lincoln assassinated
September 25, 1865. Langdon W. Moore. the first of the big time bank robbers, sticks up
a bank in Concord, Massachusetts, and escapes with S310,000.
November 2, 1865. Warren Harding born. 1866. Arthur Cummings introduces the curve ball to baseball.
December 26, 1865. James H. Mason patents the coffee percolator.
September 12, 1866. The first burlesque show, "Black Crook", opens in New York and runs for 475 performances.
1867. William E. Lincoln of Providence, Rhode Island, patents the first moving picture projector.
M, 1867. William Seward purchases Alaska from Russia for 37.2 million.
1868. The Cincinnati Red Stockings become the first professional baseball club.
1868. P.D. Armour's meat packing house opens in Chicago.
Page 92 text:
The Uncle Sam Chronicles
As a young nation, America didn't have all
that much time for fads and crazes, since
most of us were more concerned with
mundane things like clearing fields. building
cabins. farming. raising children and working.
When people did get together for a little fun,
well. there were always witch trials, or killing
buffalo from the observation car of a
transcontinental train. George Washington and
Thomas Jefferson were patrons of cock
fighting, and by the mid-1800's phrenology
became popular. Generally, however, there
just wasn't very much to do. Leisure industries
didn't boom until the 40 hour work-week
Cycling was introduced in the l86O's. The first
were unicycles known as Flying Yankee
Wheels. They were popularized by gymnasts.
but sales dropped when people began to
discover that it took a gymnast to ride one.
High-wheeled bicycles followed, and the taller
a rider was. the bigger a front wheel he could
straddle. Short men took up tricycles. By the
turn of the century the bicycles back wheel
was the same size as the front and bicycling
became the first true fad. followed quickly by
roller skating, and then roller polo, which was
a kind of ice hockey on wheels.
When the Civil War ended, fighting men
brought home a wide assortment of diseases,
and an insatiable demand for remedies and
patent medicines. Cures were invented for liver
ailment, falling hair, tuberculosis, flabbiness,
impotency, indigestion, cancer, polio, and
warts. You could order any of them from a
wholesale house in Chicago or St. Louis, for
25C plus postage and handling. Two reasons
for the popularity of these remedies were the
most common ingredients: alcohol and opium.
Even if people weren't actually cured, at least
they didn't care so much.
Trading Cards swept the nation in the mid-
1880's, depicting baseball players, politicians,
and music hall performers. Playing cards were
circulated with caricatures of political figures,
and there were even trading cards that
pictured patent medicines.
Jazz music's journey up the Mississippi from
New Orleans to Chicago is well chronicled,
but by the turn of the Twentieth Century it
was another indigenous musical form. Ragtime,
that was sweeping the country. Nothing
remotely as popular appeared on the musical
scene until Bill Haley, Fats Domino, Chuck
Berry and their friends blew open the l950's.
AFTER THE LDA?
June, 1888. George Eastman patents and
registers his Kodak No. l, a camera which uses
roll film and does not require a tripod or table
1889. Elizabeth Cochrane. a reporter for the
New York World using the name Nellie Bly.
travels around the world in 72 days.
February 22, 1889. The Territories of North
Dakota. South Dakota, Montana and Wyoming
1890. There are 125,000 miles of railroads
in the United States.
.Iuly 10, 1890. Wyoming becomes the first state
to grant suffrage to women.
August 6, 1890. William Kemmler, the convicted
murderer of Matilda Ziegler, becomes the first
man to be electrocuted. The electrocution
takes place at Auburn Prison. New York.
October 14, 1890. Dwight D. Eisenhower born.
September 28, 1891. Herman Melville' dies.
1892. James Naismith introduces basketball
at the YMCA Training School in Springfield,
Massachusetts. The peachubasket employed
retains its bottom so that the ball must be
removed by hand after each successful goal.
1893. The New York World publishes the first
comic strip, entitled "1-logarfs Alley." The
first successful serial strip, ','The Yellow Kid,"
May 10, 1893. Locomotive 999 of the New York
Central attains a speed of more than 112 miles
Summer, 1893. The Chicago World's Fair.
Iune 9, 1893. Cole Porter born in Peru, Indiana.
1894. Colonel Royal Page Davidson creates
the first military bicycle corps at Northwestern
Military Academy, Lake Geneva, Wisconsin.
Sixteen cadets ride bicycles equipped with clips
for carrying rifles.
1895. William George Morgan of the
Holyoke, Massachusetts YMCA invents
May 6, 1896. Samuel Pierpont Langley's
26-pound, 16-foot airplane makes the first
heavier-than-air propelled flight. Langley's
airplane is powered by a one-horsepower
May 30, 1896. Henry Wells of Springfield,
Massachusetts, driving a Duryea Motor Wagon
strikes Evylyn Thomas. who is riding a bicycle,
causing the first automobile accident. Wells
is incarcerated overnight awaiting a report
on Ms. Thomas's injuries.
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