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Page 14 text:
A modern memorial to Washington, the Masonic National Memorial
to their first Worshipful Master, stands upon the original choice of James
Madison for the site of the national capitol. The selection of Shooter's
Hill behind Alexandria was vetoed by Washington for some unknown
personal reason. Nevertheless, the first boundary stone of the District
of Columbia was located at Jones' Point by the Alexandria Lodge of
Masons and included Georgetown as well as Alexandria. Congress re-
turned to Virginia in 1846 all the land on the west bank of the Potomac,
but the continual growth of Washington may make it necessary for that
land to be receded to the government.
if 1 3
In the second act of her prominence Alexandria took a leading part
in the drama of the War Between the States. It was one of the strange
contradictions of the time that this definitely Southern city should have
been made capital of Pierpont's farcical "Restored Government of Vir-
ginia." Although the northernmost city of Virginia, with a population of
perhaps 12,000 had sent 700 men to the Confederate army, it was a part
of the national capital and lay within the circle of forts that protected
Washington. Because of this latter fact, Francis Pierpont, confident of
the Union's success, chose to establish the valid General Assembly of the
State of Virginia in Alexandria. With a vote of twelve of its members
fagainst onel he followed Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation with a
constitutional provision for abolition of slavery in this State of Virginia.
In view of the fact that no one could vote who had given assistance to the
Confederacy, the number of voters was negligibleg taxes were insufficient
for support of the government. Consequently, before the close of the
war, their jurisdiction was limited to two counties, Alexandria and Fairfax.
However, with the victory of the Union forces, the state government
of the Confederacy was declared null and voil, and Pierpont was directed
to take charge of the civil administration of all Virginia. Governor Pier-
pont, in all justice, was strongly in favor of Lincoln's plan of Reconstruc-
tion, but with the President's assassination and the Reconstruction days
which followed, no power on earth could have saved Virginia the ravages
of the war's aftermath.
Placed as it was between two fires, there were incidents derogatory
to both sides. There was the woman who was so pleasingly courteous to
one Confederate troop that they took away all that they could to remem-
ber her by. Not wanting them to miss anything she sent her old colored
Moses with a scraggly donkey they had somehow overlooked. The gen-
eral said, "Thank you."
Better known is the circumstance that the first blood shed in the war
Pagefell THE MISSILE
Page 13 text:
same house that five Royal Governors met in 1754 to arrange a campaign
against the encroachments of the French and Indians on western territory.
When, unsuspecting its far-reaching consequences, they recommended a
tax measure to Lord North, that "Congress of Alexandria" became the
beginning of the subsequent Congress of the United States.
As a direct result of this conference of nobility, Braddock with a
thousand British regulars made Carlyle House the headquarters of their
ill-fated expedition. Then too, it was here that Washington began his
military career as aide-de-camp to the British commander-in the house
where he had made love to his Iirst sweetheart, Sally Cary.
On one dark night of April, 1777, during the darkest hours of the
colonies, a German and a Frenchman, losing their way en route to join
'Washington's army, were guided to Gadbsy's Tavern by a young Scotch-
man. This collection of nationalities was the Baron de Kalb, the Marquis
de Lafayette, and John Paul Jones. Report has it that they talked far
into the night. Perhaps they formulated plans for the help of their re-
spective countries to end the war quickly. But I think a great part of the
-conversation was concerning the beautiful Creole daughter of General
Roberdeau from the West Indies with Whom Lafayette was infatuated.
At this popular King's Highway roadhouse of the eighteenth century
'Washington, as adjutant-general of Virginia, had his headquarters. And
it was only fitting that the city at whose Assembly Hall in 1785 Daniel
-Janifer, Thomas Stone, Samuel Chase of Maryland and George Mason,
Alexander Henderson, and George Washington of Virginia met in a
boundary-line conference that resulted in the first steps toward the Consti-
tution should hold the first celebration of its adoption in 1787. And what
more natural than that it should be held in the great banquet hall of
Gadsby's Tavern, famed throughout Virginia for its cuisine? Very prob-
ably this dinner with its gathering of notables was front-page news for
the oldest daily newspaper in the United States, The Alexandria Gazette,
'which dates from 1784. Prior to drawing up the United States Constitu-
tion George Mason, an Alexandrian, self-educated planter, was the author
-of the Fairfax County Resolves, the Virginia Bill of Rights and the first
constitution of the state of Virginia. Possibly he was even then prepar-
ing for his grand climax.
After the miraculously successful close of the Revolutionary War,
Washington, in the role of "Father of His Country," did not neglect his
'home-town. A model citizen, he was a member of the Board of Trustees
and President of the Chesapeake Sz Ohio Canal, begun by him as the Pow-
tomack Company. Another "first" of the first president was the Alexan-
dria Academy, the first free school in Virginia.
THE MISSILE Pagellirle
Page 15 text:
was because of a suggestion of Mrs. Lincoln's, thereby proving definitely
that the woman is the "Speaker of the House." Colonel Ellsworth prom-
ised the First Lady the Confederate flag which James Jackson flaunted
from the Marshall House under the very nose of the Federal Government.
When the southern sympathizer refused to surrender the iiag, one night
Ellsworth, at the head of the New York Zouaves, went up on the roof to
take it by force. Awakened by the noise, Jackson came out with his gun
and upon being refused the flag shot the Federal officer. He was immed-
iately shot dead and bayonetted by the Zouaves. This was in May, 1861.
at PF 2?
. . . . Buildings so closely associated with Washington, Mason, Lee
and others I find difficult to think of as being in use today. Those places
which saw the growth of thirteen colonies to a Union of forty-eight states
are now gazing complacently at events that future generations will con-
By Claudia Morris
Sometimes it's a baby with dimpling cheek,
On downy pillows of snowy white,
Softly breathing in infant sleep
And smiling sweetly in secret delight.
Sometimes it's a baby with tear-dimmed eye,
Who wakens, and mother is not by his side.
When mother hears and runs at his cry,
A smile breaks through, -and the storm has died.
THE MISSILE Pageeleven
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