Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book

 - Class of 1946

Page 12 of 72


Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 12 of 72
Page 12 of 72

Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 11
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Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 13
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Page 12 text:

T 0755 on the morning of December the seventh, I94I, the PENNSYLVANIA was sitting in drydock in the Pearl Harbor Navy Yard. Her screws had been removed from their shafts and were resting on the bot- tom of the dock. She had been scheduled to leave the dock on the sixth and berth at Ten Ten Dock, immediately adiacent, but delays had been encountered, those delays probably saved the ship. It was a normal quiet Sunday morning, and there was little activity aboard. The watch had iust been set and thechaplain was mak- ing preparations for the eight o'clock mass on the quarterdeck. Virtually all of the ship's company were aboard. In view of the exist- ing conditions general over night liberty had not been granted. . THE ATTACK Suddenly and with complete surprise, Jap- anese dive bombers and torpedo bombers roared out of the high overcast. The PENN- SYLVANIA was one of the first ships in the harbor to open fire. Her .50 caliber machine gun crews had their guns in action even be- fore General Quarters was sounded. Jap planes tried repeatedly to torpedo the caisson of the drydock but never succeeded. If they had, a wall of water would have swept into the drydock, causing incalculable dam- age to the PENNSYLVANIA. The ship and the surrounding dock areas were strafed severely, and a medium bomb struck the starboard side of the boat deck, and burst inside casement 9. The crew of the 5"f5I was wiped out. The destroyers CASSIN and DOWNES, iust for- ward of the PENNSYLVANIA in the drydock, were hit and seriously damaged. The intensity of the fires in the DOWNES caused her fuel oil tanks to explode with further extensive damage. The torpedoes on her deck were armed with warheads, and at least two of these went off with a mighty roar, sending flames more than I00 feet high and shower- ing that section of the harbor with metal frag- ments. A portion of a torpedo tube weighing nearly I000 pounds was blown onto the fore- castle of the PENNSYLVANIA ,and the battle- ship's bow was pockmarked by fragments. At 0945, almost two hours from the time it had begun, the raid ended. The damage in Pearl Harbor was appalling, although it might have been worse. The ARIZONA, the PENN- SYLVANIA'S sister ship, was smashed beyond hope of salvage. The OKLAHOMA was cap- sized. The WEST VIRGINIA and CALIFORNIA were resting on the bottom, and the NEVADA had been beached. Of the eight battleships in the harbor only the PENNSYLVANIA, TEN- NESSEE, and MARYLAND had received minor damage. Our light forces had fared better. Three light cruisers had suffered moderate damage, but three other light cruisers and three heavy cruisers had gone untouched. Three destroyers were heavily damaged. Not quite two weeks later the PENNSYL- VANIA'stood out of Pearl Harbor. She spent Christmas underway and arrived in San Fron- cisco on the 29th. The damage caused by the one bomb hit at Pearl Harbor was repaired, and the four 3'ff50's 'on the boat deck were replaced with I.I 's. Throughout the greater part of I942 the PENNSYLVANIA served in Task Force I, con- sisting of seven OBB's, and carried the Task Force Commander, Vice Admiral W. S. Pye. From February through July the task force operated out of, though sometimes at con- siderable distance from, San Francisco. - NIMITZ COMES ABOARD On April third Capt. C. M. Cooke was re- lieved as Commanding Officer of the PENN- SYLVANIA by Capt. T. S.' King, II. In July Admiral Chester W. Nimitz, Commander in Chief of the Pacific Fleet, was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal by the Com- mander in Chief, United States Fleet, Ernest J. King, in a brief ceremony on the quarter- deck ofthe PENNSYLVANIA in San Francisco. Task Force I entered Pearl Harbor in mid- August. Except for a couple of practices, the PENNSYLVANIA sat at Fox-3, next to Ford Island, from then until the last days of Sep-

Page 11 text:

E NAVY SECRETARY OF TH N , THE wast-moto ending the The Secretary oi the Navy takes pieasure in comm i UNXTED ST PRES Shi? ?ENNS'NIiN ANA ior sertfice as ioiiovvs: "For outstanding her oism in action against enemy Sapanese iorces in the ?aciiic War Area irom ixliay A, i9li3, to February iO, ifdlib. Operating under ten separate commands, the U.S.S. PENNSYXJXT ANSB was the oniy battieship to take part in every combat amphibious operation during this period ir om Prttu in the northern area to Lingayen in the ?hiiipp'mes. Xmperiied by perpetuaiiog,she serv ed as Fiagship oi the Tasifiorce Commander during the liieutians Campaign and navigated in pooriy charted waters to deiiver her accurate broadsides on predetermined but intfisibie targetsg intensive iireir om her batteries biased the vvay ior our assauit Waves in the Giiberts, the Niarshaiis and the Marianas, siiencing the enemy's heavy coastai guns, iocating and neutraiiamfg, camouiiaged empiacements and rendering sturdy support ior our iand iorces. Ps gaiiant and dependabie veteran, the PENNSYUXT P-LNXA compieted neariy thirty years oi uniaiiing service by her deadiy ciose-in bombardment and guniire support in the recapture oi the wniiippines, iuiiiiiing her proionged and P vitai mission without casuaity to her seii or her personnei by Sapanese iire. Yiandied superbiy in the iace oi many obstacies thr oughout this period, the PENNSY UNT PMSA aohiev ed an iiiilfii' iO11S combat r ecord, reiiecting the courage , siciii and briiiiant teamvv orh oi the oiiicers vvho piotted her course, the piiots who spotted her guniire and the oper ationai ior ce vvhich aided in maintaining her iighting eiiiciencyf' Pdi per sohnei attached to and sertfing on board the U 35.5. NPENNSY KN ANSPX uring the above mentioned period are hereby authorised to vvear the CONXNXEND PJYXON Ribbon. oi the Navy d NAVY UWT Secretary

Page 13 text:

qui" tember, at which time she and the IDAHO shoved off tor the West Coast and yard pe- riods. The IDAHO went to Bremerton, and the PENNSYLVANIA to the Bethlehem Steel Company, San Francisco. , The PENNSYLVANIA remained in the yard tour months, undergoing modernization and overhaul. Her tripod mainmast was removed and replaced with a tire control tower and a pole mast. The conning tower was removed. The two boat cranes were removed, and two booms were added to take their place. The catapult on top ot Turret 3 was removed. fi, ig.'f'i .'1"'9'n 'WFh1T 5 li " 1 M- W , .... N- December 7, 1941 New radars were installed, two search and four tire control, bringing the total to six. But the most extensive changes were made in the A.A. battery. The 5"f5l broadside guns and the 5"f25 A.A. guns were replaced with eight 5"f38 dual purpose, twin mounts. The I.I's were replaced with ten 40 mm. quads. Addi- tional 2Omm.'s were installed. At the com- pletion ot the yard period the ship bristled with guns: twelve I4"f45, sixteen 5"f38, torty 4Omm., titty 2Omm., and eight .50 cali- ber. At that time the A.A. battery was as formidable as any in the fleet.

Suggestions in the Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book collection:

Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 69

1946, pg 69

Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 54

1946, pg 54

Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 57

1946, pg 57

Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 30

1946, pg 30

Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 14

1946, pg 14

Pennsylvania (BB 38) - Naval Cruise Book online yearbook collection, 1946 Edition, Page 28

1946, pg 28

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