Northern Illinois College of Optometry - Focus Yearbook (Chicago, IL)

 - Class of 1934

Page 1 of 76

 

Northern Illinois College of Optometry - Focus Yearbook (Chicago, IL) online yearbook collection, 1934 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 76 of the 1934 volume:

RE 956.5 .N6 F6 1934 I 'I f Northern Illinois College of lx, 'V' fl T2st22:5:Y' Il f x X541 II tv 'am E39 W! ff? .II'I'.Q-lg' " ' ' "'1 I Q If b qw" DR. DAVID ROSE "M" ' OPTOMETRIST KALAMAZOO MALL lm 120 NI 6 KALAMAZOO, MICH. 4900 QM lxXIIIIIU7': is , W I V :Q I by I ' .uv I k 5:::::E5E5 5-2553 5. L me- -- gf. I L , , 5 I ,, , lg, 1 ,f.,,. 3,. 'LH.'gA:5,.'m-:.-'f" P ". -ff-:-2-1w..z,G 1 4 -- -4, .'.. . I - O0 mm ,GX 'Q D ,MQWIIIIIEEX Q U' 0 ,-45 . 232 LD rf, Q ry 4x F11 Q 0. se Y' M ' 5 Q I , ,O I lifillll-IEW" Q? Q 0111 CN D C? I i I fi gy '-'Jw ' ,IN IIII 'ng ' gag I . '59 if 010 405 u' f w :I - Y si' I ,.3 1: '. ,, wg. . MI. ' To I eg-Q , 1 A, ' ' I fw I Arm gc' , ru: if Ig 5 'I I ,M '. I 4 , 9 4' 1, 1 :mls Ig f .- 'Wi I X92 I N ...L I :TIES JF' QL!! 1 I .1 I' If l Q , 1 ss: VJ,- O sII!'lrx' ' x xxx rx Q ge CD I., if I xr I I w f P .N Q 1325 ff QR? AJ lf i Q f Y, We ' f fl Q' I Sf: 6 I3 9' get .Evil 50 119 've 4 . lxx Numb 315 sln fl! ,-x -4 i . 42 4' nlg . 1. 15 si. ' -f RS! '7 5' , gan g siis I 15, ,figs-4 i ' ilqiiii DR. DAVID Ross OPTOMETRIST ' 120 N, KALAMAZOO MALL KALAMAZO0. MICH. 49006 ixwmnfb .VQMX Wir 1. 8 OM I 0, .5 Antz - . : V Q 'gt ,Ri AS .V N51-:::1L 'l' .- X l P? 'I A. 'T ' 1 :::::':: 1 if - - - 5' A '24, ...q ' ' - Q v Emu" Lg 7' IR. v P' 'A A u F D mx an V D :IIIIIKXXX ' - O lllzr, S7',.4s4KXx+ll1f7:1 O .Ox U MEL ORA Lrg cb 'Z N :S "' E2 ,QX 11 ' I' tt" ,afnv1l"?" D NALE 'x' l' D 'I . . 0 - 'DVM sg Q s flf I I Q id Q 45 my l W HX I 0 X 2' F' 4 X . K, .-9 fl 'Lf .c " 1."':'5':t"r" be :if lx .- A ff' xx " 1 I W, if-xa'xiiv3ff,:1,1 Q, . 'ufzaxw Y - lan A ' ' A I NALEO '- ,,..- .Z , f 1 ' sg, '-1g,E,.: . .'..',' f I , 6, . , flrfgxg , 3 I ,ivt ,- IQ . , ,K A 'ITB- ffl' 1 ' -..-.f ff . g"1.-lIA,"f.'.Ly, .Ar A - my . .- 4 fa.. f. f'?5g?iwQfffQ f j .1 , -4, . K U ..az4.': 1,, .Q 4 H'v..,f,': N- xxlf-g..g,' ,- JH lm' ': ' 'w'Ym"1'i' l' , li, . .,,, X, J . . :i,- . . . , " "1"vfS" f. adv 'JL' Kia. . yy, wf.m:Q,. 1 fvyvwepb. sg ,Q ,ap ,, 'A 404.0 4 R ,A ,N .V V. i www... mc f 5' Mamma' "'b'am - g 5,2-T , JJ? - 'ISMAQIS C- T O Y O U THE SENIOR CLASS OF NINETEEN HUNDIKED THIRTH"FOUR WE, THE STAFF, DEDICATE THIS YEAR BOOK. WE HOPE THAT IN THE YEARS TO COME THE FOCUS WILL NOT ONLY BE DEAR TO YOU AS A REMEMBRANCE OF YOUR COLLEGE DAYS, BUT A VALUf ABLE ASSET IN YOUR PRACTICE AS A SUCCESSFUL AND ETHICAL DOCTOR OF OPTOMETRY. DEAN A. AM BROSE, EDITOR'IN'CHlEF. 1934 T H Ii F 0 C U S Three ,N- R.J.B. Y 'I fa"- xxqlw 3 N, A md, N l1R.C,S'Y.ANLI:X'M1'1GI' 1,1 'I .IM HU., Q 1. A A n Fdllllfj'E.'JL'L'llZl1't' Prcxldrnl IRI' 'Q' -nur-v' , VX'l1.1.l.-xm H DR.-xv I'R.'xNx N. PARKIAR J uLtzL.1IOptwn1etv'5' UPVIP., IHJA, CIl1c'f- of CIITIIL' Nauru? ERNLW Occmr-NA UP-I-.l7,, IXCLN. Dean 1 DR.XV.'lERCJh1I1HIfATl1IfR Dzrector of C1l7llLk.S Mlw Hf'.l.l'NC1li4JI'V l,1I77'dTIA1'rl .Q wgux Rlfilnxrw Rmsr1R'rrauN I,I..H,, 4Jl'T.lJ., lJ.H.S, Ulrvftur of Adnn.xx1m1.s 14, Miss LIDA E. NEEDLES Regnstrar and Bursar I' ' .- :A 1 s , . f an .1 2 5 ? gg 1 -. f' atv'-' f . - . ' 1 1- 1? 1 , ., CARL F. S11L1mR1. 11'T,11,Q 1.1 -. M , D. Zu11T11uLfT, 11.11, 111111. x.. DJ I M I 'N DR.T11m1.M G.AT141xwx . Pmcmal C.pt1m1r:tfv 1 V Ph3'.XllY1Og5' ' NL'7'1'tVll.N and Ugufar Dl.Xt'Ll.NE.X I f -3 D11. IX4IRlAX1X'NYALRl'R 131.11 l1II,XXll' . , Y FRANK M. K1.11FE, Pi 1,.1., 11.11. dculdr Amwmx DR. vx11.L1.111 B. NX111r1-111-A11 P5y,5l,O1Og5. ' Pructzuaf U11tm11ctry ju11N A.R0ss,oPT.1m,,11.u.s. DR. IRVIN M. Bomsn Retmuscopy IXLI R111 H. ju11Ns1 N AssisLm1tCl1iej of CIITIIE C7ptz111HWEcln1v11cs ,453 lX T ll li F U tl l' S 'unc lln memnriam This page is dedicated to Brother Dennison H. Beatty, in memory and with a love that will live through eternity, by Alpha Chapter of Omega Delta. Brother Beatty was taken from this life on April 11, 1934, as the result of an automobile accident. He was the kind of man of whom everyone was proud to know as his friend. His memory will live and grow throughout this life and become one of the richest treasures that man has ever known - that being the love and friendship of a fellow man. His academic record was one of which any man would be proud. His attitude toward the welfare of his class and of the college was one which will not be equaled for many years. His passing leaves an irreplaceable void in the life of all those who knew, and loved, and respected him. Brother Beatty was born in Austin, Texas, in 1908. After a complete education in the public schools he was graduated from college and entered the field of business. In September of 1933 he entered the Sophomore class of Northern Illinois College. He was pledged to the Alpha Chapter of Cmega Delta and was initiated into its mysteries in December, 1933. lt is with a deep, intense feeling of sorrow and solemnity that we attempt to write this humble epitaph: "Cf all things that eome to man There is only one that will enrich him' f lvlake his heart beat with joy. And then that is taken away - Unly the memory lives. It is the brotherhood of a fellow man." Mary Cod rest, and be with you - Brother Beatty. ALPHA CHAPTER OF CMEGA DELTA. 2 4 T F 1 1 i 5 1 I I 5 Q 5 5 ls pw QD 3 I .f, if N' I ,- .ff .................. .-I U' '11,l'fC'C 'N V xy 3 "r - is ' ' :?"1b Q.1913 ,. 1 xiii' 'X L JJ! - -: IA :-- vi. ,.lI1 . ,, K, I V YY , - X ,ff V f - ,xl A' q vi mt- fr NonmsRN lLuNols coLuacE OF oPToMETnY Q ' 4. ,.-5 'L My L- J L1 , q fi, I ff K- , 'F 1 W 'l', XX V ffhjxxyfi ',T-' 1, ' - , J - K ' V,-. '1 ' J W :..X,,wf' l' T ? . , ' l L " 'xx' -,' K ,5W,w?Rti,'4i?"Q"'t wi ' ' ' JU J 1' MF? X I " -- .. 4- 1 x , 1-1 fT- T.-1 , ' .-- " . 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Square and C111np.1m1s 1,111 T111r.1 l1pN1l1111 M11 811.11114 P1 Sccrrtarv. l9?3am1 1914 '1-U1111W1l!1k1KVV K1X1p11 111 A1'cl11x- -, 4 5.1111 1 f,l,,,plA,m, .4 Twmb .md Kcy VliC'1,fLNSIL1CI11, 4 F1'.1t1.1'111tx 1fxc111'1l1111, I, T f'11.1111'1I1111, 4 1'.111Hrl1C111flf111111c1l, I. 3, 4 Asalahlllt Edllur 111 Fllfllb, -1 1's1l1f1'1c1lv1111' fI1111r111l, 4 .'X11x11'I1b1r1g 1X111r1.11g1ir f"11g11a, 4 13551. A1.lv..1nd1111N. My 111 111111: Ten T ll lt F mm mt l' S junc no ,M fix v--20' tan: """ Y' g....w- I '11 It. F as Far' ug... 'ual 7. b 5 7101 , Xl 1934 T H 15 F o 1: tx S EIQVQ11 RALPH M. ABEL Buss F. CoLEMAN University City, Mo. Cl1iC211l0- Ill- Omega Delta JAMES L. CIRAXVFORID, EA. President' 4 Greenville, Texas JAQK ARI- Panfl-Iellenic Council, 4 T h d K I- Detroit, Mich, Om an ey Attended Aslnury College, Mu Sigma I'1 ', Wesley College of TexaR JAMES H. ALBRIQLH'I' David City, Nehr. Phi Theta Upsilon Guard, 1 Tomb and Key SOPHIE FRANCES BARKAN Milwaukee, Wis. Attended Chicago College of Medicine and Ellwoods School of Optometry ABRAHAM BERESH Detroit, Mich. Mu Sigma Pi and East Texas State 'n JOHN FLETCHER CoNRAn Vincennes, Ind. I I PAuL W. CABLE Athens, Ohio Omega Delta Attended Ohio University Pl d at ', 3 Excgsgmsgfl, THOMAS H. COCHR.'XNIi q ' H Indianapolis, Ind. Phi Theta Upsilon I. Reporter, 4 VIRCIL BLAKEMORE, JR. .- Columbia, Mo. Omega Delta Class Vice President, 2 W1LL1.AM J. CoLL1Nt:s Chicago, Ill. Phi Theta Upsilon A. WR1t:i1'1' BLoonwoR'rH Lakeland, Fla. Omega Delta VJ. K. I. CT.. 2 Basket Ball, 1, Z, 3, 4 Attended Southern College, Lakeland, Fla. HERMAN I. BERLIN Detroit, Mlcli. Mu Sigma pl Exchequer, 3, 4 'I JOHN F. CjR,XXX'1"tJRI5, 11.41, Creenlield, Texas Tomh and Key Student Teacher ol' Anatomx' Attended Vv'eRley College. I Ashury College, and East Texas State Vv7ILLI.XIx1 H. CRLzME.xLJeH litll-QUIHU, lnd. Omega Delta llaxlaet Ball, I, I. 3, 4 ILA M. B.-XYER Vvfhitewater, Wie, Attended State Teachers College of Vxfhitewater, Wm RALPH ELL1o'r'r BELLER La Grange, Ill. HARRY A. BERNS Chicago, lll. Mu Sigma P1 lJill1'HCllCl1lC Council, Memher at Large, 4 FRANR J. Bonus. E.s.t:. Chicago, Ill. Attended De Paul University Txwlvu T ll I5 F fm fi L' 5 june Q --'sr' V' 'Z ,,"'f, 469' sr' xr , " av Q ' .rv 'NJ -, ,wx 1934 T H E F O C U S Thirteen BERNARD R. DAVIS Liherty, N. Y. Basket Ball, 1, 2, 3, 4 'u WILLIAM H. DEARMAN Meridian, Miss. Attended State Teachers College of Mississippi T. A. DE ROUSSE Champaign, Ill. Phi Theta Upsilon Attended University of Illinois LEOPOLD E. DEUTSCH Bronx, N. Y. Mu Sigma Pi Attended College ofthe City of New York ROBERT J. FEUERSTEEN Chicago, Ill. Attended Notre Dame University EUGENE FREEMAN, A.Ii. Chicago, Ill. Mu Sigma Pi Tomb and Key Attended University of California EDNA GLISTAFSIIN, AE. Joliet. III. Pi Kappa Rho Chaplain, 2, 3 VicefPresident, 4 Pan'Hellenic, 3 Editor of School Activities Focus Attended University of Illinois -5 DKJRCUTHY D. H.XLL Duhuque, la. Pi Kappa Rho Secretary, 3 Attended University of Illinois I 5 CHARLES HINCZENER, B.SC. Springfield. Ill. Omega Delta Tomb and Key Student Instructor Attended University of Illinois I E ALFRED E. I-limes Flint, Mich. Omega Delta Square and Compasses JAMES G. CUSTIXRD Chicago, Ill. Basket Ball. l, 13,4 Athletic Editor ol' Focus, -4 I E FRANK A. DE LA M.-x'rIiR Lakeland, Fla. Cinega Delta Lihrarian, 2 Tomb and Kev 'm EDXVARD A. FoRsz'I' East Chicago, lnd. Student Manager oli Basket Ball FRANK M. GIANNANToNIo Cleveland, Chio Phi Theta Upsilon Attended Cleveland College of WesteI'II Reserve I E J. MAXWELL GILBERT Elyria. Ohio slr DSEPH GoLDsTIiIN Chicago, lll. VJAYNE L. HINES mYCsIS2llClI1, Qwliln Phi Theta Upsilon -CI KIEITIIIILL M. .I.iu:I4soN lndependence, Kan. 'a EDWARD T. jENNIsoN San Antonio, Texas Oniega Delta .5 AIDA T. JUHNSON Houston, Texas Pi Kappa Rho Fourtccn T H IE F rm 1: U S june ww' '35 3- Kiwi' 'V --.-...,.-av' in N "'w-15 ' .J for J! f 'y fr NJ '1 up 1934 THE F OCUS Fifteen VIVIAN JUNE JEWETT Flint, Michigan Pi Kappa Rho Treasurer, 2, 3 Social Chairman, 4 PanfHellenic Council. 4 STANLEY KLINE Portsmouth, Va. Omega Epsilon Phi I LESTER J. KURZON Milwaukee, Wis. Mu Sigma Pi Tomb and Key Chancellor, 3 VicefChanceIlor, 'Z PanfHellenic, 2, 3 I B JOHN CALVIN LOCK,-XRD Anna, Illinois Phi Theta Upsilon Attended Southern Illinois Normal University CARL IVIAGCIO Chicago, Ill. NATH.AN KIRSCH Brooklyn, N. Y. Mu Sigma Pi Transferred from Penn State College of Optometry. Feb., 1933 Attended Long lsland University I E JAMES IVIOLEN.-AAR Lansing, Ill. Tomb and Key SergeantfatfArms, 4 Class Treaiurer, 1, Z Attended Calvin College, Grand Rapids, Mich. ALEX A. MtlRti.'XN Chicago, lll, SEYMOUR E. NISSENB.ALlM lvlilwaukee, Wis. DCJRCDTHY GENE NoTBoH M Qconomowoe, Wis. Pi Kappa Rho Secretary, 4 FRANK H. PARDON Qwenshoro, Ky. Omega Delta In HowARo H. MoRE Arcola, lnd. LESTER W. MELsTRoM lron River, Mich HENRY MARooLis Detroit, Mich. Mu Sigma Pi Tonih and Key CLARA E. MooA lVlutt. N. Dali. THEODORE C. PILLIUI1 Piqua, Ohio Phi Theta Upsilon Chaplain, 3 VieefChaneellor, 4 In AUDREY LoMAx PALMER Morgantown, N. C. Phi Theta Upnlon I 5 W.ARREN H. lVllLLliR Pr1nceton,lntl. cdlIlL'g.l Della Chaplain, I Tonih and Key Square and Conipawex Prevdent, 2, 3 I B CLARENCE MEYER Anniston, Ala. Attended NorthweNtern University EDXVARD B. JONES Chicago, lll. Phi Theta Upsilon TH1 F cm ct U S june ws, K. --6 , - 1 , N- 4 x .1 + 'N ,.,, Q 'H' X! ..-OP' 'Nl EG. 1934 THE Focus Seventeen HERBERT H. LEVINE Portsmouth, Ohio Mu Sigma Pi .za IDA GHMAN POTTER Alpena, Mich. Pi Kappa R ho 'I LAWRENCE S. SCOTT Edwardsville, Ill. Phi Theta Upsilon Tomb and Key EMERSON B. SLoc:oM Washiiigtoii, D. C. Phi Theta Upsilon Tomh and Key Attended jackson, Mich., junior College and University of lvlaryland I D EDXVIN R. WH1TEs11zE Elsherry, Mo. Omega Delta Serihe, 3 Treasurer, 4 I E FRED R. RosE Detroit, Micli. Mu Sigma Pi Attended University of Detroit STANLEY SALASKY Norfolk, Va. Mu Sigma Pi Scrihe, 2 In HUBERT SLoc:uM Vifashington, D. C. Phi Theta Upsilon Pan'HellenlC Attended jackson, Mich., President, 4 junior College Attended Dniyersity of G B WLIRN mmms Chicago, Ill. In 'U PAUL JAMES SECREST 'rs ORR M SMEDLFY D-D-S Em Mama, Ill. Delavan, Ill. b I Attended Augustana College. Attended UmV?fS1W ef GEoRc:ENiA A. YouMANs Rock Island. Ill. Illinois College ol Dentistry Flint Mich Pi Kappa Rho -E I, Secretary, 2 ViCQ.P,-esidem, 3 HERBIERT T. SUXVERS, AE. Streator, lll. ELLIOTT SHEPPARD , Omega Delta I Orange, N. Y. Attended Penn State College of Optometry PAUL M. ZINKE Newport, Ky. Phi Theta Upsilon Pledge Captain, 4 W. K. I. C., 2 Tomh and Key President, 4 Square and Compasses President, 4 Attended University ol Illinois MAuR1c:E J. SMITH Arcola, Ind. Omega Delta Treasurer, 3 Vieefljresident. 4 MAURICE D. SMIL.-XY, .IR Detroit, Mich. Mu Sigma Pi 'a AYLLARIH A. TORINH Enderlin, N. Dali. Omega Delta l u EIJNV.-XRD j. VJEINBERQ: Chicago, Ill. lwlu Sigma Pi In GEoRoE A. WINTERER St. Louis, Mo. Omega Epsilon Phi Treasurer, 1, 2, 3 President, 4 PanfHellenic V1eefPresident, 4 Eighteen T H E F 0 ff U S june ELMER W. Zumlasm' lllllilllflilffli B. WILL1.,xMs C,xRuLYN S.'XLISBl'RY Cicero, Ill. Culw.1.Ill. Vx'ill'ncrding, Penn, Urncgq Epqlnn Pln Styl1:n'c.1mlffmllpglxwxfflnulw :Xttcndctl MCKCCNP4II'l Tminlng Scluml l'4n'Nl11wN la I! IB EMIL W.C5N1mRlixtux'1rt14 .ll'I.l.XN C. Tmmxs Sllmm' A. FINKLEMAN llrwlmwtcnd, PJ. fxlllllhtkl, GJ. NX'1nn1pcg. cl.lI1IlLl.l CWIIICQLI Dclt.n Omcgxt Delta flxttcndcd l.lu1x'c1'N1ty1lI' Smntlw ffammlxlm l- v-V NU VORTRAITS A. 1. Buczx, ju. M1'1 f:HuLL S. GwLnsT1a1N .luHN HILL Kumsrat KL'l'I'Y1llC, Tcxm New Ymk, N. Y. Ft, Vwfuync, lnd. Omega Delta In I - 5 -5 IKUBERT E. CRUMP, I'H.IJ. V , H , Atmim' Hltrmxx Slldwmt' mtl" q31m.w,Q1l1 Louis MKlANIDRI'lXX' Square and ffuxnpnwcx flllllW l Lnwrcncuvlllc. Ill. Attw dftl L ll1.'1S 1. Stxt' Ln L U X H I ll Attcndcd V1IlCCI1I1C5,lI1kl.. Unlvcrslty .md 'H U flUlllIlll"vl1l UI1lX'CI'5lly' Unwcrxlty I Rmahm' S. l.,L"I'Z, lm. -E, B DCCllIlllA, Ill. LESTER ENUM UNB. cWIllCgilEP5llUIll,l1l Osftm M. MERSM.-xN , ' VlCC'l,I'CNldCIll, 4 X , Llmluatgu. Ill. T by Y H-5" l ll-R- Hm 'md hcl, Dctrmt Mlclm Attended Umvclxlty ul lDkiI1'HCllClllCCllillllfll ' ' lllllll,ll5, lvllnrwwtu and Nmtlu Attcndcd l,ln1vcrx1tyul' Attcndcd lvllclulgun Stutc :md Dzulwtzl State flwllt-gc lllllllhli llnlvcrslty ul Dctrmt -X ,..-..M" 4 Q-2257, K v EUUILNE W. BILATTY Clnrkcalvllrg. VU. Vu. PlmiTlnctt1 Upsllun lilcdgc CQ1pt.11n.3 In ALVIN F. L1eMuNTREu Suutln Bend. Ind. Mu Sljllllil Pi SCl'llWC. 2 lJ.lI1'l'lCllCI1IC. I Hmwtxu C. 1?-xT'rERsoN Nurtlx Wilkcslwc+1'mJ. N. C. Truwlcrrcd lrum Penn State Ciullcgct1l'Optmnctry I B M1c:H.xEL Sc:HNE11uER Clncngu. lll. '13 W1LL1.x1x1 WtnLF Clmiczlalu. Ill, 'a EUGENE ZIENTY fllwicxngu, Ill, 1934 T H E F o ct U s Nineteen "Settling Downl' DR. WM. B. NEEDLES CAN make no better contribution to this year's Focus, I believe, than to ref produce in part a letter I recently received from Dr. Fay McFadden, a practicing op' tometrist of Rutland, Vt., who comments sensibly as well as pungently upon a topic that is very close to my heart, namely, the disposition of young graduate optometrists to gravitate to the large centers of populaf tion. Insofar as we are able, we here at the College advise our graduates to begin their professional practice in smaller communif tiesg and I do not know of a single case where that advice has been followed withf out advantage. Cf course, many of the young men and women who come to Northern Illinois College have places wait' ing for them. They take up practice with relatives, for the most part, who have an established clientele. The only influence we attempt to exert upon these is aimed at inspiring them to contribute scientific work and professional ethics to whatever practice they may enter after their graduation. And it has been gratifying in the extreme to note that this influence has had and is having tangible results. Dr. McFadden opens his letter by critif cizing what he calls our Mhabit of thinkingi' that the reason young graduate optometrists go into stores and work for their clothes is because they lack capital to buy instruments and open a suitable office. "I attended the Worcester, Mass., Polyf technic Institute in my early time," writes Dr. McFadden. "I noticed that the men came in from all over New England, and that on graduating they condensed upon the windows right close to the Institute to a far too great degree. They were thus in direct competition with earlier grads and with those immediately following them. Those who scattered out- midwest, far west and worldfwide - were always better off in the long run . . . and in the short run, too. L'It is wrong psychology and damned poor practice for graduate optometrists to 'squat' in the city where they are educated. If they are going to den up in the big cities, they would do far better to select cities far away from pref and postfcompetition with fellow grads of the same college. You tell your grads that, and later they will thank you for it." So I am telling you. And I know you will thank not me but Dr. lVIcFadden if you follow this excellent advice. I-Iere is some more of his idiomatic and forceful language: "There is no cussed sense in people settling down like sediment in the cities. Professional practice as well as commercial trade is fierce there. It is all cut to sausage, and what you get isn't worth the struggle. Expenses are enormous. The young grad is poverty poor. I-Ie can't put his knowl' edge and skill into practice. He sinks into a mere dollarfchaser, catchfasfcatchfcan. Soon he loses his vigor, incentive, poise and selffconiidence, and goes commercial. "Dentists find that a population of 1,000 will sustain one practitioner in comfort. Any city of 10,000 is good for ten dentists. More money is spent per home by rural peof ple than by bogftrotters in carfshops, spin' ning towns, weaving places. The rural people have the best of things. They are not cramped like the city population. "There is no reason why a young man cannot, with the aid of a compass and a little horsefsense, measure out a place on the map, either in his own state or in a distant one, where there is a town of 10,000 to Twenty T H E 0 it U S June 20,000 population which is located more miles from a big city than it would pay peof ple to travel. He will hnd listed from three to ten licensees: but if he walks around and visits them he will probably find them with a loup screwed into their faces, and find that they would not know a toric lens from a cup of oolong tea. Such a place is a pic' nic for a young man to settle down in, cultif vate, establish himself and become well off. "ln such a town he will find that most of the jewelers have paid for their homes, sent a kid or two to college, have a good car and are enjoying life. "On a recent trip through Maine, New Brunswick and into Nova Scotia, having my usual catfcuriosity, I stopped in every town of any size at all, anchored, and visf ited every registered man on the entire threefweeks' trip. "Well, you'cl be surprised. There are places lying fallow - fine chances, plenty of them, where a young man who is not a city hound could be rich in a few years, and go 'round the world after Mary had finished college. "There is room right here in the United States for twice as many grads as you and the other colleges of optometry are turning r i out. The Canadian country is rich. They have not begun to scratch it as yet. They are growing, and will continue to grow for a long time. They are virile. "The young grad who selects a smallish community town need not expend so much on elaborate equipment initially. He can buy a small number of adequate instruf ments many of them used, rent at low ex' pense, live nicely but not extravagantly and prosper on a meager income, if need be, while getting a toefhold. If he likes, he may stay there. Cr, if he is ambitious, he may use his Hrst sitting as his interneship, and move successfully to larger places. "When we realize that today the motor car brings people from a 100fmile radius -approximately 600 square miles of area- it is not hard at all to pick a county seat or a tradefdrainage area, set up the best little oHice in the kingdom, be independent of cutfthroat stores and competition and bef come real men instead of counterfjumpers and nitfwitsf' Thank you, Dr. McFadden, say l. And if you young people heed this timely advice, I verily believe you'll say, "Thank you, Dr. McFadden," also. V. V 1934 T H ii F o cg u s Twentyfone Senior l A il - First Row, Left to Right: Bernard A. Marcus, Detroit, l-.flichq E. W. Keefer, Evanston, Ill., Harry Marder, Los Angeles, Calif.3 David Rose, Grand Rapids, Mich., Herbert Levitt, Chicago, Ill., Laurf ence Yaiia, Detroit, Mich. 1 Bcnj. J. Bloomiield, Chicago, Ill. 3 Gordon A. Bannerinan, Cleveland, Ohio, Williaiii bl. Garvey, St. Louis. Mo.g Augustus N. Abbott, Chicago, Ill. Second Row, Left to Right: Edward H. Brown, Flint, Mich.: Charles Rudnick, Sheboygan, Vsfisg Laura Belle Palmer, Morgantown, N. C., Mildred D. Hanold, Vxfapakoneta, Ohio, Charlotte E. Black, Detroit, Mich. fTreasurerj 3 Elizabeth T, Kernel, Indianapolis, Ind., Harriett T. Arneson, Minneapolis, Minn.: Marvin H. Jacobs, Chicago, Ill., Michael V. Karalioif, Detroit, Mich., George L. lacober, Cleveland, Ohio. Third Row, Left to Right: Dale W. Braham, North Platte, Nebr.3 Robert D. Brown, Vxfapakoneta, Ohio, Albert L. Arango, Havana, Cuba, Raymond Rhodes, Los Angeles, Cal.: Francis M. Hasiak. Detroit, Mich. QSecretaryj Q Eugene Kiefer, St. Louis, Mo., Lorne Holmes, Minneapolis, Minn., Basil Haddad, Jr., Somerville, Tenn. Fourth Row, Left to Right: Louis York, Detroit, Mich., Yerger Vxfeldy, Chicago, Ill.: Fred C. Koch, San Francisco, Cal., Mandel Ashkenaze, Fort Dodge, Ia., Luciano Gonzalez. Bogota. Colombia: john H. Skilheck, Detroit, Mich., Paul M, Sims, Eagle Grove, la., Richard E. Gruner, Racine, Wis Fifth Row, Left to Right: Harold Oyster, Ashland, Ohio, Fred O. Espy, jr., Albert Lea, Minn.: Lee H. jalonack, Chicago, Ill., Albert Maycher, Chicago, Ill., Harry sl. Hanold, Wzipakoiieta, Ohio- Albert jesilow, Chicago, Ill., Fred F. Behrmann, Racine, Wis.g Edmond L. Butts, Stanton, Tenn. v Sixth Row, Left to Right: Mike Rosenthal, Ann Arbor, Mich.: john bl. Rosch, Chicago, Ill., H. M. Linton, Chicago, Ill., Aaron Steinborn, Chicago, Ill.: Benj. F. Bratt, Detroit, Mich. QVicefPresif dent, Q Wzilter L. Haase, Sedalia, Mo. 3 Gene Cajacoh, Lenia, Ohio, Frederick F. Lott, Hammond, lnd. Twentyftwo T H Ii F o ri ll S june Senior I B First Row, Left to Right: joseph E. Maelgicwiez, Detroit, Mich.3 Ben Orenstein, Chicago, Ill.g Nlarf tha V. Salishury, VVilmerding, Pa. 1 Mary Salishurj, Ysfilmerding, Pa. 1 Elizaheth Byerly, Fredonia, Kan. 1 Goldie Gray, Detroit, Mich., Edward NV. Schwart:, lxflaplcwood, Mo., Clifford Miller, Springfield, Ill.: Howard D. Blue, Chicago, Ill. Second Row, Left to Right: Rohert C. Brown, Norwood, Ohio, Glenn W. Patch, Portland, Ure.: Sol. AI. Ruhenstein, Chicago, Ill., Walter ll. Loari , Chicago, Ill., Samuel C. Lldell, Chicago, Ill., Carl E. Ehrlich, St. Louis, Mo., Donald N. lVfeLeod, Detroit, Mich. Third Row, Left to Right: Leonard B. Mayer, Chicago, Ill.: David B. Butteriield, Zanesville, Ohio: Walter A. Stadler, Peru, Ind., Peter V2lI1De1fC1I, Detroit, lVlich.1 Jesse T. Scott, Bluffton, Ind.g Edgar O. Huhhard, Richmond. Va., O. H. Eocrster, El Campo, Texas. Fourth Row, Left to Right: hlames M. Miley, Anderson, Ind. 3 Alhert R. Crist, Danville, Ill., Jerome Horna, Lyons, Ill. Q Chas. M. Weaver, Conncaut, Ohio, Isador Al. Ereid, Dallas, Texas, John K. Schuler, Sistersville, W. Va. Qlyrcsidentj 3 Harry B, Sofen, Detroit, Mich., Kenneth E. Thayer, Evanston, Ill.: Raymond L. Hyde, Cedar Rapids, Ia., Arthur E. Wcscott, Brooklyn, N.Y. 1 Fifth Row, Left to Right: Jerome Nl. Zack, Detrolt, Mich.: William Michel, Cologne, Germany' Woodward A. Reusch, Covington, Ky. 3 Leland B. Petersen, Harlan, Ia. 3 Roy E. Stehor, Riverside, Ill. 3 Mgix R. Kemski, St. Paul, Minn.g O. P. M. Squires, Chicago, 111.3 Earle B. Needham, Coleman, Tex.g Louis E. Raymond, Newark, N. EI., Nickolas W. Bell, Miami Beach, Flag Thomas P. Thompson, Chif cargo, Ill., E. C. Stilwill, lvlanzanola, Colo., Willam E. Hayes, Vv'heeling, W. Va., William R. Dale, Shelhyville, Ill. 1934 T H E F o ct U s Twentyfthrec Optometry Is Wllat You Make It PRoF. E. CBCCHIENA, Dean I-IIS I say to you graduating seniors who are about to go out and begin practice: QPTOMETRY is WHAT You MAKE IT. You call me "Papa Qkeyf' and you are to me as comrades as well as students, and you look upon me as a funny old fellow who spends all of his time in the classroom and does not know very much about what is going on outside in the field of daily practice. But this I know: That when you have a patient in your chair and you stand there taking the his' tory in your white coat, and your instruf ments are all about you ready for use, You ARE GPTOMETRY. You are not john jones or Richard Smith or Betty Green or Qld Man Brown's little boy. No! You are QPTQJMETRY to that patient. Whatever is practiced in your office is what that patient will go out and thenceforward regard as OPToMETRY: and that patient's concept of optometry will be something for which you and you alone will be responsible. I say to you, therefore, and to each of you, that optometry is what you make it. If there are things about optometry which you do not like, correct them in your own office and your own practice. If certain practices have earned the contempt of prof fessional men generally, correct them in your own ofhce. If you believe that the welfare of the patient should supersede every other consideration in the mind of the professional man, let the welfare of your patient supersede every other considf eration in your mind. Let the other fellow practice optometry as he sees fit. You are not responsible for him. You may fervently hope, as I do, that he practices ethically, skillfully, scientific' ally and professionally, so as to reflect credit upon his profession and win respect for it. But, after all, your job lies within the walls of your own oflice and if your patients go away with respect for optometry, your full duty will have been performed. I have never before said this to a graduf ating class. I say it now because a new day is begin' ning to dawn in our profession. I believe I can see more clearly than you what lies ahead. For many years, men have been cducated in the laws of optics so that they could go out and fit glasses. Today we are educating men in the physiological and psychological phenomena of human vision so that they can go out and specialize on that most precious of all our senses. You are entering practice at a wonderf ful time. Before you have practiced many years, you will see all of the old prejudices under which optometry has suffered in the past crumble away. You will see your splendid vocation coming into a new posif tion among the healing arts, and into a new and fine relationship with the other prof fessions. It will be a long time, perhaps, before all of the quacks have been banished from the indiscriminate peddling of eyeglasses. Medicine, that old and powerful profesf sion, with years of tradition behind it, still suffers from quackery. But the ethical physician occupies an impregnable position in human society, and commands universal respect and affection. And the ethical op' tometrist will enjoy those same priceless benefits in direct ratio to the uprightness and decency of his personal conduct. And now, a word of warning: You may think, when you march away from this College with your sheepskin in your hand, that you are getting away from fussy old "Papa Qkeyv and his bossy ways. But you are not-not a one of you! I shall Twcntyffour T H Li F O KI U S Jung keep my eyes on you. If you practice as you have been taught, we shall be comrades forever. But if you practice in such a way as to bring shame upon your profession and upon yourself, you will bring shame to Papa Ckey and he will not be your com' rade! That would be a terrible thing. It must not happen! It will not happen if each one of you will just remember, once in awhile, that Papa Ckey is standing in spirit by your side, shaking his finger at you and saying: "It is what you make it. It is not what the other fellow makes it. It is what you make it - in your office. "That is what optometry is, Hragazzi miei. , The College Library HE College Library, thanks to its new location, has become a pleasant place in which to spend an hour or so with the Fathers of Qptomctry and the great writers on the allied sciences. Its atmosphere is tranquil and conducive to that state of mind which we are told is requisite for con' centration and study. We have a total of 615 books on thc shelves, and hundreds of pamphlets and magazines on file. The latter include a number of publications sent us each month by the various State Qptometric Associaf tions. Since last September, 70 new vol' umes have been added, 43 of which were generously donated by members of the facf ulty, students and interested friends of the College. The circulation of books and magf azines per school year is between 25 00 and 3,000, which explains why certain popular books are always Bout." I trust it will not be amiss for me to say at this time that I heartily enjoy my duties as librarian and the agreeable contacts they bring me with the student and faculty per' sonnel. HELEN GROUT, Librarian. T H li F U If ll S 'Tyygnfyffivc Freshmen ll First Row, Left to Right: Manuel Slllifllfl. Baltimore, Md.: Charles Lytton, Chicago, lll.3 Julius Richman, Passaic, N. J., Irene Boyd, Chicago, Ill.: Helen Blaszczenski, Chicago, Ill. 3 Loraine Lachman Detroit, Mich.g Margaret Dowd, Salt Lake City, Utahg Clenn Peck, Monticello, Ill., Austin Pritchard, jasper, Incl.g Arthur Massey, Chicago, lll. Second Row, Left to Right: Leon Holfinaii, Memphis, Tenn., l'larry Vxfatson, lr., llackson, lviiclif Louis Schuman, Louisville, Ky.: joseph Lehrman, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Richard Xkfelling, Lockland, Oliiog Robert Uswald, Toledo, Ohiog Raymond Bockhorst, SZ.Louis, Min. I Alphonse Asiulcyqicz, Detroit, Mich. Third Row, Left to Right: Arthur Bender, Cincinnati, Ohiog James Norton, Vxfinehestcr, Tenn: v Ralph Wick, Mitchell, So. Dale.: Bernard Nannings, Lawrence, Kan.: Clifford Minke, Toledo, Ohiog Vsfoodrow Leach, Caney, Kan. 3 Edward I. Lieherinan,Chicago, lll. 1 Lamar Pendley, Athens, Ca. 3 Clif- ford Lasker, Hackensack, N. Y., Clifton Owens, St. Louis, Mtv. Fourth Row, Left to Right: Andrew Dowd. Los Angeles, Cal., Le Roy Sanders, Detroit, Mich.: Wciidell Willianis, Pittsburg, Kang Jerome Blutnherg, Detroit, Mich., V. Charles Chniielinski. Cluf cago, Ill., Gordon Taylor, Chicago, Ill. Fifth Row, Left to Right: Norman Becker, Detroit, Mich.: John O'Bricn, Chicago, Ill,3 Prank Lorf enz, Calc Park, Ill.g O. P. M. Squires, Chicago, Ill.: Williaiii Pfeifer, West Lehanon, lnd.3 Raymond Childress, Fowler, lnd.g Gerald Getman, Rock Rapids, lowag Norman Felir, Salt Lake City, Utah, C. Mack Titus, Cheyenne, Vvfyo. Twcntyfsix T H lx F o it I1 S Jung Frcshmcn I First Row, Left to Right: l'l:rinan Alwcl. Ncwport Ncws, Vaq Mcycr L. Kcatz. Dctroit. Mich. 3 .lack l'. Vkfooclfill, Ncvatla. IVlo.g Rohcrt Caslacoh, Lima, Ohio, Bcrnarcl Roscn, Chicago, Ill.g lvlax Ahrains, Dctroit, Micli. Second Row, Left to Right: Charlcs W. Blakcslcy, Atlantic, Ia., Hcrhcrt F. Lcnr., Lincoln, Ill.g Erncst A. Hgnrich, Chicago. 111.3 Pmcnni, Katz, Chicago, lll.g .loscph Niann. Chicago, Ill.3 Lynn From, David City, Nclwr. Third Row, Left to Right: Vxfaltcr F. Kirstcn, Paris, Ill., Rohcrt S. Blooclworth, Biloxi, Miss.: David C. Nclson. Chicago, Ill.g Paul C. Vxfolil. Chcstcr, Ill., Richartl Rohcrtson, Kansas City, Min. Fourth Row, Left to Right: Alan A. Bard, Ncw York, N.Y. 3 Etlwarcl T. Kcnnctly. Evanston, Ill.: Bcni. Sinargin, Chicago, Ill.: ,lack Dclassus, Chicago, Ill., Rohcrt W. Hivcly. Miaiiii Bcach. Fla., Arf nolcl Corsliovv, Dcnvcr, Colo.: Gcorgc E. Phillips. Chicago, Ill. 1934 T H li F o cz 1' s Twentyfseven Practice Building W. .lEkoME HEATHER, O. D. RAOTICE building is never com' pleted. To a professional man, it not only is, but should be, a lifetime job. It must not be considered as a mere business project, but rather the application of a philosophy. You have been presented a rigidly profesf sional concept of Optometry, requiring you to discard anything and everything which is not on the highest ethical plane. However, in order to acknowledge our awareness of the opposing point of view, let us state frankly the commercial apf proach. The optical manufacturing comf panies have served Optometry well through the medium of national advertising. They have made the public eyefconscious, and Optometry appreciates that. Good busif ness requires that they be recompensed by increasing the volume of their business which is accomplished in direct proportion to your sale of glasses. Then, too, pracf tically all of our selffstyled economists who are presenting their conception of practice building ideas to Optometry, make their approach through the channels of pure and unadulterated commercialism. They tell you that the consummation of your patient fcustomerj contact is based upon your ability to sell more or less of different kinds of glasses, as well as upon your ability to sell what they see fit to call "quality." Furthermore, they exert a subtle influence on some of our itinerant educators, so that even these continue the bombardment of Optometry with commercialism under the guise of education, in an endeavor to please the manufacturing interests upon whose support they rely. All of this is good busif ness, and we respect its sincerity. This commercial approach is built entirely upon "direct" selling as opposed to the profesf sional approach which aims to accomplish greater results by "indirect" methods. In the face of the foregoing, it behooves you to keep resolutely away from commerf cialism, and to proceed along the line of your training to build your practice. With a confidence based on your splenf did class attitude, we are certain that you are going to start practicing ethically. This practice, of course, can be conducted either upstairs or downstairs. Remember, how' ever, that just as it would be very difficult for you to attempt to practice commercially hidden away in some obscure office buildf ingg conversely, it would be equally as hard to practice professionally on the street where barter and trade is the order of the day. But to practice ethically even on tlic street lias been done, is being done, and necessary can be done again -that is, if necessary. It was deliberately said that you would start to practice ethically because some of you, due to economic inability, and others, due to an inherent lack of perseverc ance, will not be able to carry on. It is to the remaining members of the class that our counsel is offered. You now know the naf ture of a profession in general, and Optomf etry in particular-its functions, its proper title, its ethical practices, as well as its feesg and you have been encouraged to per' fect yourself culturally. These are all fundamental in successful practice build' ing. It remains for this article to suggest several additional factors which are defif nitely practical and immediately usable. You will find it expedient to have, at least in the beginning, minimum office hours, and to work by appointment. Remember also that it will be wise for you to "bunch" the appointments of the few patients that you secure when starting to build your practice. A dentist known to the writer, for ex' ample, on opening his practice, borrowed money enough to purchase the finest of equipment. Then he seated himself, surf rounded by his fine equipment, and waited Twenty'eight T H E 1 1: U s june at first patiently, later impatiently, and at all times prayerfully, for his 'phone to ring or for someone to come in. At last his first patient did come in. After making a pref liminary examination, he requested his pa' tient to return, not the next day, but the following Tuesday at 2:00 o'clock. lt so happened that on the same day and the next day he received 'phone calls from other folks who had received his announce' ment and who wanted to try his services. To all these he gave the same answer, after ostentatious deliberation, "I will be able to see you next Tuesday at 2:00 o'clock." Wheii that Tuesday came four or five pa' tients were clustered in his reception room at 2:00 o'clockg and all of them then and there resolved that this man, whose services were in such demand, must thenceforth be their doctor. Now for the sequel to the story. That doctor is Donald Stone, dental surgeon of Philadelphia, with his own private hospital, in which patients are hospitalized after their dental treatments for a period of hours or days, as the case may require. Dr. Stone has said that the building of his practice really started with that first Tuesday at 2:00 o'cloek. lvfinimum office hours allow for some' thing else. They allow you to use the ref maining hours in making contacts with clubs and lodges and parentfteacher assof ciations, thereby offering a form of adverf tising which is at the same time truly ethf ical and most effective. Now a word as to how this contact should be carried out. These organizations always need new speakers, and they appreciate scientific demonstrations and lectures, because they are interested in the factors which control effective living. lt follows naturally that as a professional Qptometrist, numerous opportunities may be offered to present yourself as an exponent of the science of better vision. The details of how better vision is to be achieved furnishes ample ma' terial for lecture work even with the com' plete elimination of the subject of "glasses," Then, too, there are lectures to be given on other subjects of perhaps cultural interest. An Qptometrist can thus gain the prof found respect of an audience for his liberal and scientific knowledge rather than for his mechanical skill or sales ability. He will thereby make numerous new friends and build up his practice. M Another factor which must be borne in mind is popularly described as "selling yourself The term is not the most desirf able, but its meaning is probably clear to all of us. "Selling yourself" can never be accomplished by the methods which are fre' quently laid down by Nquack psycholof gistsf' that is, methods which are comparf able to those used in graphology, phrenolf ogy, palmfreading, astrology, etc., and which are equally unscientific. The true basis for "selling yourself" lies first in self mastery and its consequent objectivity, that knowing yourself and adjusting yourself to others about you. After this has been accomplished, you must then use a great and human understanding of your patients. Every one of you, at different times, has experienced the realization that words and actions have either strengthened or weak' ened your relationships with some other person. If this person happens to be your patient, the result may be either very benef ficial, or very harmful. Therefore, you must see to it that the things you do and say will hold your patients for all of their lives, and will bring even their progeny to you. There are still other factors necessary in practice building. Sanitation methods, for example, must not only be employed, but the patient must know that they are being employed. Then, too, it is possible to em' ploy a certain "finesse" in executing each step of your examination. When smartly done, this persuasively advertises your skill and technique. Sanitation, skill, and tech' nique are strong selling points which it pays to advertise. Another important conf fContinued on page 561 1934 T H If F o cz o s Twenty-nine Modern Muscle Theory and Practice THOMAS G. ATKINsoN, M. D. HE changes that have come over the field of optometric muscle work in the last few years can all be summed up in the basic shift from the optical to the physiof logical viewpoint. It is no longer sufficient to cover one's record sheets with lens and prism quantities, and figure out some sort of a formula by which these may be brought into mathematical balance. We must ref cord our Endings, of course. And we must have units in which to express them. But lens and prism dioptries are meaningless except as they denote neurofmuscular be' haviors, which are the real objectives of our investigations and treatments. For- and here is the real meat in the cocoanut-cofordination defects always imply faulty physiology, often actual pa' thology, and not infrequently perverted psychology. They are never purely optical affairs, as errors of refraction are. Refracf tion is one thing: cofordination quite an' other thing. And this is true even though refractive errors be contributory factors which help to precipitate muscle defects. We must burn our bridges behind us, abanf don the last vestige of our old mechanical doctrines, and give ourselves unreservedly to physiological and even pathological conf ceptions, if we are to conquer the problems of ocular cofordination. First, we must apply this concept to the interpretation of our muscle tests. We must get into the habit of translating our optical findings into terms of functional states and behaviors. Especially is this necessary inasmuch as a given optical find' ing does not always represent the same physiological condition. Tonicity tests must be read in terms of equal or unequal tonus of the opposing musclesg dissociation and physiologic exophoria tests in terms of tonus, associative effect as between ciliaries and extrinsics, and spasticity or flaccidity of the musclesg ductions as indicating muscle efficiency or inefhciencyg recovery points as denoting mental alertness and muscle eflif ciencyg blurfout tests as measures of relaf tive muscle capacity and associative effortg versions as exploring structural integrity, early education, and inhibitionsg and so on. And no one finding can be depended upon to solve any muscle problem. Not only must the Endings of all the tests be translated into terms of physiology, and assembled into a symptom picture, but this must again be checked by visual field charts, and by other than eye tests, to discover the prob' able cause of the trouble. ln the matter of treatment the same physiologic principles must be applied. These principles are twofold: 1. Discover and treat the underlying causes. 2. Give the coordinating neuromuscuf lature intelligent training. Such training may be divided into two general classes, which may be called, ref spectively, physical and physiologic. Phys' ical exercises have for their purpose the improvement of the circulation and nutrif tion, including the tonus, and consist in repeated contractions and relaxations, not necessarily in any cofordinate groupings or with any definite objectives. Alternate positive and negative accommodation, rof tations, vergences, adductions and abducf tions are in this group. They have an addif tional effect beyond the mere improvement of muscle quality, in that they induce the use of a greater number of muscle fibers than the patient is in the habit of employ' ing, thus promoting one phase of muscle efficiency. The number and variety of physical ex' ercises are necessarily rather limited: and, Thirty T H E F o tl u s june inasmuch as all of the purposes of such exf crcises are served by physiologic training, the cases in which they are specifically indicated are also limited, chiefly to struc' tural and organic defects. Physiologic exercises have for their ob' ject the training of the neurofmuscular mechanism to the more adequate perform' ance of cofordinated acts, and can again be subdivided into two classes, direct and inf direct. Direct training implies the intensive train' ing of the neurofmusculature to perform some definite cofordinated task, with the conscious cofoperation of the patient's mind, much as we teach a man to handle and swing his clubs in playing golf. Indirect training consists in tricking the neurofmusculature into coordinated action by some exercise having no conscious relaf tion to the real purpose, as when an athlete is set to playing handball to develop his wind and timing. ln a sense, and to a degree, the two classes of exercises have contradictory and cven antagonistic features. ln direct train' ing, the factors of muscle efliciency are for the time subordinated to the education of the muscles in taking their proper part in the cofordinated group. It is an intensive and attentive process, in which there is at first necessarily considerable waste of effort and interference with reciprocity. Howf ever, as the proper use of the muscles is learned, and repetition develops prohf ciency, the factors of muscle efficiency come into play - the breaking down of synapse resistance, the establishment of neural pathf ways, the more and more automatic per' formance of reciprocity, etc. ln indirect training, almost the reverse of these objectives prevails from the start. The purpose is to take the mind off a musf cle performance which has already been learned, to "loosen up" the muscle groups which for various reasons have become musclefbound and stale. Qften this is best accomplished by giving the neurofmusculaf ture a vacation from the function at fault, and exercising it by rapid trickery in other directions, as we take a stale golfer off his game and set him to playing fennis and handball. ln this way relaxation of tension is achieved, and automaticity of action and reaction, which are then carried over into the function which was in default. Each type of exercise has its specific apf plication and contraindication. It is worse than useless to give indirect exercises to a person who has never learned, or who has misflearned, a cofordinated act. It is equally irrational to set a stale, muscle' bound patient to the intensive task of di' rect training. ln either case the trouble will only be aggravated. Moreover, muscle functions are normally learned in a certain physiologic sequence, and it is illogical, if not ineffective, to try to teach one muscle function to a person who has not yet prof perly learned the preceding one in sequence -e. g., to attempt to train a child to fuse who has not properly learned his versions, or who has lost some of his capacity for versions. To end as we begin, the main point is that muscle hndings are nothing more or less than functional symptoms, indicating functional pathology, in the same way that the readings on a blood pressure instrument are indications of functional pathology in the vascular system. They are to be dealt with, not by attempts to balance fractional dioptrics of lenses and prisms, but by seek' ing the causes for the defects and removing them. They are, in short, physiological data, and, when abnormal, call for physi- ological interpretation and treatment. 1934 T H E F o cz U s Thirty-one The Honest Mind DR. W. D. ZOETHOUT N complying with the request of the ed' itors of THE Focus for a short article of perhaps passing interest to its readers, I jotted down the heading 'iSuccess.l' After having written one line and looking at the caption once more, its mossfeatenfness and its hackneyed appearance were most ap' parent. I realize full well that most of us are merely retailers of secondhand, and even thirtyfsecondfhand, stuff, but we do not like to publish this fact too conspicuf ously. To entice for should I be more modf ern and say "to intriguenj a few readers we paste onto the old wares a new and fref quently flamboyant label. Of course, our intentions, in so doing are perfectly honor' able and no deception is attempted. As a result of this second thought fwhich is frequently one's best thought, , "Success" was erased and the above heading substif tutedg not that this changed the plan of the story one whit. The outstanding element in success is not an inexhaustible supply of resources, be this money or brains. For the successful negotiations of any line of business money is generally requiredg to pursue any profesf sion at least a modicum of brains is neededg but given a reasonable amount of either, and one factor that, in my opinion, exerf cises a more potent influence in reaching the desired goal is an honest mind. An honest mind is, first of all, a mind that is critical. Like charity, this should begin at home and, therefore, the possessor of this sort of a mind will start to criticize itself. Not that morbid selffexamination so much in vogue in certain circles until quite recently, indeed not, but a mind that takes a true inventory of its own stock. This inventoryftaking is to most of us not a pleasant task, for the results are not self dom far from satisfactory. Qur mental contents fall into two cate' gories: knowledge, which always apperf tains to facts, and, second, our beliefs and opinions. The sole characteristic which entitles a belief or opinion to any claim for recognition is its basis upon facts. When in this light we examine the faith that is within us, we hnd most of it is based upon sand and, perhaps, quickfsand at that. We believe this or that and disbelieve the other thing because of our early environment of home and neighborhood, or because it is most convenient and along the line of least resistance. Having entertained these be' liefs for many years we become attached to them, like to the furniture we have lived with for a few decades. lvlost human be' ings have a goodly share of inertia: but as our actions are so largely determined by our beliefs, it is incumbent for an honest mind to critically examine them. As opinf ions must be based upon facts, this leads to the other category of our mental contents -knowledge. In taking stock of our knowledge we again frequently suffer grievously. How often in our studies we think fguessj that we know and understand the subject under consideration, only to discover, if we but properly investigate, that our knowledge is so extremely hazy and incomplete that it is of little or no value. This taking of an inf ventory of one's acquisitions is one of the great difficulties of the student. Because of the work it entails and because of its un' pleasant results, selffexamination is not inf viting. But this critical inspection of one's mental equipment may yield rich reward. Being conscious of deficiencies, the hon' est mind will be an inquiring mind, seeking knowledge in all the highways and byways, in season and out of season. The inquiring mind is a growing mind and growth is the Tliirtyftwo T H ii F o cz ii s june essence of youth. Barring pathological conf ditions affecting the structure of the ma' terial machinery which seems to be necesf sary for mental operations, an inquiring mind never suffers from old age. Wheii that spirit of inquiry has taken full possesf sion, the individual has within him not only the fountain of perpetual mental youth, but also an inexhaustible wellfspring of the keenest joy. An honest mind, being a critical mind, carefully examines as we stated above the doctrines and teachings handed down from father to son during the past ages. He will be very skeptical of opinions commonly held by the great majority of people. Hisf tory has shown such opinions to be nearly always erroneous. The reason for this is both simple and natural. It is so much easier to believe than to think. To think means to ascertain the facts. lvlost subjects worthy of an opinion or belief are complex phenomena and it is no small matter to disf cover all the facts bearing upon it. For this the masses of the people have neither the means, time, nor inclination. And, fre' quently, having found the facts, they are incapable of drawing conclusions justified by the facts. lt is therefore but following the line of least resistance to accept one's opinions and beliefs ready made. The honest mind, however, refuses to follow such a line of conduct: he breaks away from herd thinking. And as soon as this happens to a man, he has attained and made fast his intellectual salvationg he has gained his spiritual freedom. Of course, this has its disadvantages: men and women have been laughed at and some have been stoned or crucified for this rebellion against mass thinking. An honest mind, being critical and inf quiring, is an open mind, a mind willing and capable of receiving truth. This mind meets new ideas without prejudice or bias. Our personality frequently colors our ideas: the condition of the liver or the state of the stomach determines our approach to a new problem. The more restricted his mental horizon and the less experience he has in thinking the more his predetermined an' tagonism to any new idea or the idea held by other peopleg no array of cogent facts can dislodge him. Une of the great aims of education is to enable us, by the greater acquisition of facts and by the greater ex' ercise of our mental powers, to rid our' selves of narrow and provincial prejudices. Prejudices, the great earfmark of the un' educated mind, has throughout the ages of man's development been the drag in his progress. No honest mind harbors prejuf dices. The honest mind must be an open and receptive mind. Une of the most disheartf ening features of a teacher's career is not that he sometimes has to deal with people who have an insufficient mental background or have, perhaps, a somewhat lower intel' ligence quotient. Being honestly minded, he knows his own limitations and this, let us hope, engenders a charitable feeling toward those of, perhaps, slightly less ca' pacity. Nog the people that get a teacher's goat fpardon the ultraclassicalj are those with hermetically closed minds. They come to school ostensibly to learn some' thing fnot to acquire an education, but by their action and attitude they defy the instructor to pry open their intellectual skulls and pour in of the fullness of his knowledge or experience. We meet such people in almost every walk of life, but to find them occupying the benches of our schools is absurdity raised to the n"' degree. The result of an open mind is the ever broadening of our mental horizong it prof vides us with a life companion of which we never grow weary: it creates for us a ca' pacity for enjoyment and happiness which is unequalled in all the various spheres and activities of human life. This constitutes one of the greatest factors of success. 1934 T ii 13 F o C u s Thirtyfthree Practical Qptometry DR. CARL F. SHEPARD GU who are now beginning to think seriously about Practical Qptometry are liable to be confused by the discouragf ing questions so frequently raised by the now practicing optometrists. Une question is: "Is Qptometry a Profession?" Another is: "What is wrong with Uptometryf' And a third is: "Should Cptometrists use medicines to a limited extent?" I shall take the privilege of one who has practiced optometry for twentyfone years and answer those questions, but I shall pref' ace my answers with a description of that field of human service which you are about to enter. In calling optometry a field I use an apt metaphor. Lenses were Hrst applied to the aid of human vision about four hundred years ago. At that time the acreage around your home was virgin forest. Some Indians probably lived there, and made their living by picking berries and hunting small game. In time, some white men came along with superior traps and gunpowder, gathf ered in most of the game and frightened off the rest of it. The Indians said the field was ruined, and moved on. In time, lumber men came along and cut down all the big trees. The hunters def cided there was something wrong with the field and followed the Indiansg but in a little while the lumber men also decided that the field was worked out, and they too moved on. Finally some farmers discovered the partly cleared land, finished clearing it, and planted this and that. The first crops were all good because the soil was virgin. The wise and the ordinary farmers prospered alike. Right up to this point, only the timid, the lazy and the downright worthless exf ploiters of the field failed to find pront in it. However, in time those farmers who failed to study the soil, fertilize and rotate crops, began to think that something was wrong with the field. Some of them moved on after the lumber men, the hunters and the Indians. Some of them kept right on planting the same crops and howling until they starved. The professional farmers own the field now, or will in the near fuf ture, and they will probably stay right there and continue to find it a profit yield' ing Held for many, many generations to come. It is worthy of observation that each of the sequence of workers in this field found it necessary to continue the practices of his predecessor. The white hunters followed the practices of the Indians, but with the advantage of better equipment. The lumf ber men probably hunted to have fresh meat with their meals. The first farmers cut the small timber left by the lumber men, and probably found hunting worth' while. The most modern and successful farmers plant and harvest the same princif pal crops that were depended upon by the unsuccessful farmers, but they employ bet' ter methods, better equipment, watch the markets, and sometimes profit considerably from 'Lside crops." I know very little of the primitive optif cians except what I have learned from the books you have read, or will read. The rovf ing hunters, some Daniel Boones and some sharpfshooting poachers, had nearly all moved on when I came into the field of optometry. The lumber men had set up their saw mills before I arrived. But I have watched the first farmers till the virgin soil, and I am now getting a great "kick" out of watching the real farmers, the fellows who will in time own the field, as they study their soil, their markets, and try out the side crops. And the field of optometry is l Thirtyffour T H E o cz u s June so vast that many of all those I have def scribed, even a few of the original primif tives, are still to be found within it. Some of the present tenants are seeking new fields of therapy to enter or to annex. Some are simply complaining. But some are learning how to live in the field, and how to keep it fertile. Uptometry is, or is not, a profession ac' cording to the optometrist. The profesf sional optometrist has come into the field. He has come to stay, and he will one day own the field. Nothing is wrong with Qptometry, but there is something wrong with the optomf etrist who does not study the possibilities of optometry, study the requirements of his patients and the slight but important changes constantly accruing in those ref quirements, brought about by the changes in civilization. At the present time, optometrists should not use medicine. People have learned that better lens prescriptions can be determined without medicine than with it, and the drift of public preference is certainly away from the "drops" and the "knife" at the present time. It is my opinion that the drift will continue in the same direction until those who use medicine learn how to prescribe lenses better than those who do not use medicine. When will come the turn of that tide depends largely upon how sincerely individual optometrists strive to maintain their present advantage of supef rior ability to perform a necessary service. The preceding paragraph intimates that success in optometry depends largely upon the ability to "fit glasses." Let there be no doubt as to my opinion in that respect. The prescribing of lenses to the aid of hu' man vision is certainly the principle crop to be harvested from the field of optometry. Of the persons less than forty'five years of age, seventy percent either must have glasses, or would find comfort in wearing them at least a part of the time. Cf those between the age "at which life begins" and the beginning of "Life eternal," ninetyfnine percent wear glasses. Threefquarters of those who wear glasses can be fitted with little difficulty. They constitute the principal crop, the ubreail and butter patients." The other quarter build reputations. A- One failure through carelessness in pref scribing for one of the principal crop does more damage than is undone by five sucf cessesg unless one is situated in a perpetuf ally virgin field, such as State and Madison, and even there it hurts. Of the bread and butter patients, only four percent drift into your ofiice. They are attracted by good reputations. Good reputations are of two sorts. Une is the reputation for exceptional ability, the other is the reputation for fair ability and low price. Either sort of reputation must include a reputation for honesty and honor' able dealing in order to be considered good. I have no quarrel with the optometrist who attempts to build his practice on the "price appeal." It is the strongest appeal that can be advertised. That is why it is so universally worked to death by dishonf est men in every field of human endeavor. However, I must urge you who are about to enter the field of optometry better equipped than any who have entered it be' fore you, not to use the price appeal. Even better equipped men are coming along right behind you, and less well equipped men are just ahead of you, desperately clinging to the price appeal because they neglected to develop a stronger appeal when they had the chance, and some are using the price appeal as bait. I would urge you to def velop and cultivate a reputation for su' perior ability while you have the chance. To acquire a reputation for superior abil' ity you need do only two things. Take pains with the bread and butter patients and study the market for side crops when fC0ntinued on page 4U 1 .L. r 1 Y 1934 H E F 41 rt U Q 'Thirtyffivc fn xx XX fx ,X Pi , i if ' C U l l w Y , ' 3-L,-f , ' gs j 1 W f " Q X W 1 H Zi, N . x X x X N -.Ixxx 1 X ,U ,,,,,, il it 1 A fl 1 .'v' V ' - ' " E , K N- Thirtyfsix T H E F O C U S June 'S a ll Phi Theta Upsilon Founded at Northern Illinois College September 5, 1925 ALPHA CHAPTER . Cami! Fraternity Colors: Blue and Gold Fraternity Flower: Red Rose OFFICERS OF 1933 RGBERT R. BRADFORD ............. Chancellor DKUNALD W. CONNOR ......,. VicefCliaricellor LELAND B. PETERSEN . . . . ARMIN P. HILLE .... J. NICK KIEBEL ..... THEODORE C. PILLIUD .... EDWARD C. TEWS ....... CHARLES A. SToc:KMAN. .. ........Scril:re . . . .Exchequer ......Guard ,...Clia,hlai11 . . .Lihrariavi . . . .Reporter FRATERS IN FACULTATE A-V DR. W. JEROME HEATHER DR. JOHN A. Ross DR. ALEX S. CAMERON DR. FRANK N. PARKER DR. RICHARD FRIED MR. ALF H. JOHNSEN OFFICERS OF 1934 ARMIN P. I'IILLE ................. Chancellor THEODORE C. PILLIOD. PETER S. VANDusEN . JEROME HoRNA .... C. MACK TITUS ..... ALBERT L. ARANGE ...... vi T ALPHIJNSE C. As1iiLEx THoMAs I'I.Cl1C1HR.ANE. . . . . . .VicefClia'ncellor . . ......... Scribe . . . .Exchequer . . . . . .Guard . . . .Chaplain LZ . . .... Librarian . . . ,... Reporter Alphonse C. Asiulewic: james H. Alhright Dean A. Amhrose Alhert L. Arango Gordon A. Bannerman, slr. Eugene W. Beatty Fred F. Behrmann Rohert R. Bradford Thomas I'I. Cochrane Williain Collings Donald XV. Conner Theron A. DeRousse Lynn H. From Frank Cviannantonio Luciano Gonzalez ACTIVE MEMBERS Richard E. Cvruner Theodore S. Heinecken Walter Hasse Armin P. Hille VVaynnc L. I-Iines ,lerome V. Horna Edward B. Jones J. Nicholas Kiehcl M. LeRoy Knutson ,lohn C. Lockard J. Edward Mzickewicl Clifford C. Miller Auhrey L. Palmer Leland B. Petersen Theodore C. Pilliod G. A. Rasmussen Raymond S. Rhodes Herhert W. Ritzman Edward W. Schwarz Lawrence S. Scott Emerson B. Slocum Huhert E. Slocum Roy F. Stehor Charles A. Stockman Thomas G. Tate Edward C. Tews Peter S. VanDusen Harry A. Watson Paul M. Zinke 1 Jr. 1934 T H ra F ru 4: l Q Thirtyfscvcn x S X W. n , Q ff Q Q l 5 5 UV fiw Qwwaw,', fu HG'M!ZLEf? R AIFUEGE an fw-No.1 Q.: GTLRJIIF 1' ff' s ' gylutu Glpg , f yin .3L1plIu 0Ilm pt1:1f 11 N wx, 1 f , ,143 .3 .' " " ,V fw J 33 'N .A I i WM fllfffu U. f1liAHlLLg N U E LUCNIJFD xqlli ,- 13 1933 1934 Q REEF' WD I 6550 3 ,r -1' 'x Ll I Thirty tiehr T H Ii F 0 ci U S june Cmega Delta Founded Northern Illinois College, May 21, 1917 ALPHA CHAPTER -3 A elf Sf if Flower: XfVl1ite Carnation Colors: Royal Purple and Gold if , lgiiqldwl FRATERS IN FACULTATE DR. W. B. NEEIULES DR. ERNEST Ot:c:H1EN.x DR. T. G. ATKINSKIN DR. W. D. ZoETHouT DR. C. S. MTZGUIRE DR. W. H. BRAY DR. B. T. HOFFMANN DR. R. J. GODIN DR. J. P. IVI.-XHN DR. J. W. NEEIWLES . N. Getrnan DR C. F. S1iEP.XRIm P. N. DEVERE OFFICERS, SPRING, 1034 OFFICERS, FALL, 1934 R. M. ABEL ..................... President J. K. SCHULLR ................... President M. J. SMITH ....... .... V 1eefPresi'dent G. M. BANKS. . . .... VicefPresidem F. HASTAR .......... ......... S crihe C. N. GIiTM.'XN.. ....... Scribe E. R. WHITESIIUE .... ...... T reasiwer L. E. HoLMES .... ...... 'I' reasurev' J. K. Sr:HuLER. E. L. BUTTS.. N. L. FFHR ....... C. N. LBETTVLXN R. M. Ahel A. N. Ahhott R. D. Brown W. sl. Brown R. S. Bloodworth VJ. A. Bloodwortli H. Buckholdt B. Butterfield Blakemore. slr. M. Banks L. Butts W. Braham C. Brown W. Cahle F. Cajacoh A. Cajacoh C. Chmelinski ....W.Ix.I.C. . . . ..Cl1dplt117l . . . . .Libnwuni . . .Reporter E. C. HURi3.AxRif. . C. F. EHRLICH.. . 17 . A. VIR.-XNT ............. ... RlffH.XRI5 ROBERTSON ACTIVE MEMBERS W. H. Crumhaugli F. A. DeLaMater C. F. Ehrlich N. L. Fehr W. LI. Garvey, ,Ir G B. Haddad, jr. C. Hagencr H. ul. Hanold F. Hasiak A. E. Hicks R. W. Hively L. E. Holmes E. O. Huhhard E. T. jenison, jr M. V. Karajoff E. W. Kcefer W. F. Kiefer W. F. Kirsten J. H. Koegel H. F. Len: M. F. McCuirk D. N. McLeod B. A. Marcus W. Michel -I. M. Miley W. H. Miller E. B. Needham R. Oswald C. E. Owen E. Cndrecovich F. H. Pardon . W. Patch . M. Peck G G . K.I.C. .....Cl1 . .... .... R e aplain Librarian porter R. Rohertson. jr. W. A. Reusch EI. C. Rust J. T. Scott 1. K. Schuler Nl. H. Skilheek M. J. Smith H. T. Sowers C. A. Taylor K. E. Thayer sl. C. Thomas A. A. Toring P. A. Virant R. D. Weaverling E. R. Whiteside W. Williams j. Woodfill P. G. XVOHI' 1934 T H Ii F mm fi U S Thirtyfmnc ' X ' fx ' ' Q . Q 5 ' Q ,, 5, Q i' 3 x K s ' I , - s Q A v I s V X 4 ,fig 1 ' f Wm f .J an f mfafriwfv ngbfcx: nawreamsw P 5 c 0 or roam -mm? fwumn v H S EP P v Q' ' 0 Y " IA, I Q 1 I v . x, 4 3 , I. ITA , , Q ,L X! 5 ' X , - J 'LCQ1 lf' ' f 5 ' X V w.f6s191f3'.-J F 9 WHCRLNSMIGH awww:-' ifcfnmff l ,wivgggc u Q: -1.1:-' 1 5: mg- J ,Xl.l"II.,X C'II.XI"l'l': 12 1, Q A K X a lb' 1' futv ' N . 1 Q sr 1 4:5 74 i Y, YV s t , I I xx V w 1 b 5 5 ,ii A, 1 . V A ' ' -K N-1-fa A ' " ' W 5 v--.- '--- ., Y, N5 tv E- 1 A 1' Q Y .n IG I 1 F k X ' 1 kj A V W V SEK ' V Wfsgffgw ,J ,u H V ffm Lim' , E 55 5,.g,..,,N .:, s. - Ms' : , li z f ' ' , A Q 3 1 X Av I H , , . bb I k nf ' , Q N f A "' . , 1 " J N -lb.. 4 r ,, H515 A A 1.- sm shmmvfs w w 5 NT, W J . 5 MJ, Sncnsry ff ' 1933 -541, 1934 5' 'E Q e ' J ' 5, , f 4, l X . w uf ' A QJ ' VI f- y , , wr f n -Sec, cwamugsuv . a .,-. A-W 5 -,. Lrg- ,Q 5 5 f ? Sa. x Q i 1 - N ' w xt ' ' J ' r , W 1 44,1 NIJNGLD A DNMQFUD vwamf-fwawwf E .1 ' ,pn -A , M' 1 . I' . ,' x 1 - EH I ' f I Y 19 P ' CFP WN JVM' EUWI fi "A'5Pl7w'1-'JM ' A7f7Q'f'ff ' "' ' ' V' 5'3'v,:' E ' ' ' U " 'I X Forty T H In F rm I1 II june Mu Sigma Pi Founded Northern Illinois College. 1931 ALPHA CHAPTER Z. O., Colors: Red and Blue Flower: Talisman Rose ...A 9 I I-IONORARY MEMBERS ASSOCIATE MEMBERS S. D. GINSBLIRIQI, OD. ELIQIENE FREEMAN, A.B. W. A. MENnELsoHN, OD., F.A.A.O. I. M. BORISH. BS., OD. OFFICERS 1933 OFFICERS 1934 LESTER DI. KIIRzoN ............... Cliarieellm' MAIfRIc.1E H. IVI.-MIK ............... Chancellor MAIIRIIIE I-I. MACK .... .... V icefCIIImcelIor BENJAMIN T. BR.-ITT. Vle'6'CIId71C6llO7' SAMIIEL A. I'I.'XL7SER. . ......... Scribe HARRY L. MARDER . . . ........ Scribe HERMAN I. BERLIN. . . .,.. Exchequer I"IERM.-KN I. BERLIN. . .... Exchequer ABRAHAM BERESH . . . .... Pledge Master AARoN O. STEINBIIRN .Pledge Master I-IARRI' A. BERNS. . . ....... Clzaplam SAMUEL A. I'I.-XLYSER . ...... Chaplain Herman Alwel jack M. Art Abraham Bcresh Herman I. Berlin Harry A. Berns Benjamin LI. Bloomfield Benjamin T. Bratt Leopold F. Deutsch Isadore J, Fried Arnold Gorshow Samuel A. Hauser George D. Hirsh Leon Hoffman ACTIVE MEMBERS Lee H. jalonacla Ben Kat: Meyer L. Keat: Nathan Kirsch Lester J. Kurzon joseph Lehrman Alvin F. Lemontree Herhert H. Levine Edward I. Lieherman MIIIIric: H. Mack Harry L. Mairdei' Henry Iviargolis Leonard B. Mayer Ben Orenstein George E. Phillips Julius Richman Fred Rose Sol ul. Ruhinstein Charles Rudnick Stanley A. Salasky Ben Smargon Maiurice Smilay, Jr. Harry B. Sofen Aaron O. Steinlworn Sam C. Udell Edward j. Weiiilwerb Lawrence I. Yaffa 1934 T H V F o fi li S Fortyfonc ppm Q Sigma lblflrfzfplyl mmmozf' zmf uw .. J 0 L JM Azz ri . . , 1 Q' Ap. . V M H MAH' 4 IHANLIIIOIZ . s ,- if www fp wfpffff H I 'IWW l . N' - A I DM 77 fr!'f11QUf,0' I f mlm ff Wmvsfm wtf fninmmxz f J A .1 ,,,...,.M. f :- .2 ":"4.Lf'2T Wwifff I-.fix m U h V We '- f .-rbi ' A, sv I ' 'LQ zf KHFZUAK W ,. 511 Harold cn l.- 'fl- Yf - ,E+ I 'ww 1 ' - ffl gn . J 2 ' M i U14 J A A,f19l00Wf7fZl7 z wffufw G I 7 IJ s I mr.r ,Q 1 rr: , f f 2 H Yu'-. . gil, , . L , 5 , T' ,- Y gt, Hx, ,figwfrff L . ' F?" ,HIIWNF - v P ' I 11501 GV'-'f 'll ' ' lv I .j .s?Uf'f1llJv'r 'f 4.H."! I 4 1 The Mu Sigma Pi Fraternity was founded in 1931 at the Northern Illinois College of Qptometry by eight undergraduate students who realized the need for such an organization among their group. The basic principles upon which this fraternity was organized arc cducaf tional extension, idealistic and moralistic elevation, and the inculcation of ethics in its members' practice of the profession of Optometry. The usual fraternity social functions are on its program but these are secondary to the above mentioned purposes. In the short span of its existence, Mu Sigma Pi has made a phenomenal growth, not only in its roster, but also in its activities. It numbers among its honorary members, Drs. Samuel D. Ginsburg and William A. Mendelsohn, both nationally known in the profession. The Fraternity is happy to claim as its associate members such men as Dr. Eugene Freeman, psychologist, and Dr. Irwin M. Borish, highly esf teemed authority on Dynamic Retinoscopy. Fortyftwo T H E F o C U S June Pi Kappa Rho Founded Northern Illinois College, 1928 ALPHA CHAPTER gov Bi few WF QI lf 351 fl fl W 5' E we xxx R I 0 If l Q -A Nj Q I 'X 4 ' 4' I I "' 5 I 1 - NN: , , - Colors: Crclnd and Green ' E X 2 I , 1 I ' Flower: Ins E .. Q 1 I F A . - X ffv,' f f, f' XX lf 5 ly N WI? SORORES IN FACULTATE Lim NEEIDLES MIRIAM WAALKER BEAUUHAMP, O.D. SORORITY MOTHER MRS. E. QTCCHIENA OFFICERS OF 1933 OFFICERS OF 1934 DoRoTHY CDALHOUN ............... President LEONA CRoFT .................. President GEoRoEN1.x YooM.ixNs . . . . .Vit-efPresidenc EDNA Gosmrsow ,.... . . .Vue President GENE YooMANs ...... ...... S ecremfy DoRoTHY NoTBoHM .... . . . Setretavx VIVl.1XN .IEXVETT .... .... T reasurer Aim JOHNSON ..... . 'Treastwco Harriet Arneson Bertha Aserson Elizaheth Black Elizaheth Byerly Dorothy Calhoun Leona Croft Edna Gustafson Dorothy Hall ACTIVE MEMBERS Mildred Hanold Vivian Jewett Aida johnson Thelma Kernel Dorothy Nothohm Laura Belle Palmer Ceorgenia Youmans Ida Potter U34 T I1 I4 F rm ci I H Fu1'ty'th1'Cc ,Epi appu 32110 51.1143 ri tg 445 VC Alpha Gfltupfgl, ff ff ff' at 'XX 1933 ' 193-L A 3,5577 X V' L+ QI, ff! VY7'fK K' fb vu 1 Z HHLL . a. 4. ,XA1 Q y ' Ygx,J M071 HM H57 in ,, ' 4' up , Q.- x X ' HLMEIP fl1K":'.LfW7 KEPNEL HN!?!?1'E f l7f'?.'VESON 1717-'KYXQ byTMIUHNu1,w-,"u..1vr1 -W V.. HT. Nw 11' Fortvffour T H ii F o fi ii s june Cmega Epsilon Phi Founded at Columhia University in 1920 GAMMA CHAPTER 1 9 1533 M 521 Colors: Blue and Vv'lntc CHAPTER OFFICERS Ciioiusia A. WiNisERi3R .... ....... P rcxidevit DAvin Rosii , ...... Setvczmx PUJBERT LVTZ ...... ..... N 'icefPrexidem M. J. RoSENTH.xL .... 'Ticasiwer CHAPTER MEMBERS Marvin H. llacohs Stanley AI. Kline Hcrhert P. Levitt Rohert S. Lutl Charles M. Lytton Louis F. Raymond Alhert S. Majcher David Rose M. J. Rosenthal George A. hrVIiTtCl'C! Louis A. York Elmer W. Zarohsky James R. Norton, jr NATIONAL HONORARY MEMBERS Elmer E. Hotaling Charles F. Prentice E. LeRoy Rycr Charles Sheard James P. C. Southall Frederick A. Wiwll Omega Epsilon Phi, a national optometric fraternity, was founded for the express pur pose of further advancing ethical optometry and continuing the progress of the profession. This ideal, having been carried on in the past hy capable hands, is now being continued under the supervision of such outstanding leaders as Dr. A. L. Craubart and Dr. William Feinbloom. ACTIVE CHAPTERS ALPHA BETA GAMMA Columhia University University of Rochester Northern Illinois College New York Rochester, N. Y. Chicago, Ill. o C U s Fortyffivc 1934 T H E Omega Ep EALIZING the need for a real profesf sional optometric fraternity, a group of men convened at Columbia University on April 8, 1920, for the first regular meet' ing of Alpha Chapter of Omega Epsilon Phi. These men visualized the advantages that a professional fraternity, in school of optometry, might offer. Coupled with this was the ideal of a broadminded brotherf hood which would stand out above petty differences of race and creed, leading to the progress and ultimate success of its mem' bers. Such a fraternity would not discrimf inate because of race or religious convicf tions, its members would be united by a common bond-the desire for the upbuildf ing and practice of genuinely ethical optomf etry. These are the basic ideals of Omega Epsilon Phi. The credit for the organization of Omega Epsilon Phi goes to Doctors Broder, Weiss and Graubart, for it was in their minds that the project of forming this fraternity had its inception. silon Phi The fraternity was successful from the start. The Columbia group had a national charter, and was determined to expand. On October 31, 1924, through the efforts of the Columbia body, Beta Chapter was or' ganized by optometric students of the Uni' versity of Rochester, Rochester, N. Y. In the fall of 1927, through the combined eff forts of the established chapters and a group of students at the Northern Illinois College of Optometry, Gamma Chapter was founded. Since that time Gamma has stood foremost in collegiate circles as a leader fraternally and professionally. Some of Americais outstanding men in the profession have been affiliated with this fraternity as honorary members. A few of these are: Andrew Cross, james P. C. Southall, Frederick A. Wrill, Charles P. Prentice, Charles Sheard, E. LeRoy Ryer and Elmer E. Hotaling. One of the present leading figures in optometry, who has ref cently added fresh laurels to the profession, Dr. Williani Eeinbloom, is a past member of Omega Epsilon Phi. -Ll1 PRACTICAL OPTOMETRY fCO7lfZi'lllLC'Ll from page 3-H one of the reputation makers enters your ofhce. You will have more of these repuf tation makers in your office during the first two or three years of practice than you will have again in any equal period of time. Some of them will become converted to your way of practicing optometry through being more carefully examined than they have ever been examined before. Some of them through a more carefully measured interpupillary distanceg and some of them through the side crop of orthoptics. Finally, let me give you the most pracf tical point in Practical Optometry. Optomf etry differs from some other professions' radically in that financial success in the practice of optometry does not come through "big cases" and occasionally large fees. Every financially successful optomf etrist that I know, and I know several, has become successful through ordinary fees ref ceived for the most part from ordinary cases. Let your fees be a nice compromise be' tween what your wife or your mother thinks your services are worth and what the ordinary people in your community can afford to pay. If you find yourself in doubt about what your fees should be, make them somewhat higher than you think your ordinary patients can pay rather than below what your services are worth because once you get started you will find it more difficult to raise your fees than to raise your family. Cm, Q- Shepard Memorial Library Hi! . . f" - olleoe of Oofomefrv FHfIy'SiX T H Ii F o cz ii s june Tomb and Key Founded Northern Illinois College of Optometry, 1931 , E - 32:3 A e. A,' IL' i:lll? iW, Colors: Black and Gold c " 5 ke Flower: Red Carnation ,i r G ' P - DR. THoM.xs G. A'I'KlN.5ilN, Faculty Sponsor OFFICERS JANU.-xRY, 1934 JUNE, 1934 G. M. RoBERTsoN . .. ...... President H. T. SowERS .......... ...... P resident T. S. HEINECZKEN. . . ....... VicefPresidenz E. H. JENSEN. . . . ..VicefPresident 1. M. BoRlSH .... ..... S ecrett1ryf'Treasnrer M. H. Malik . . . ..... SecretaryfTreasurer S. C. KRIEQI. .. ...Keeper of the Arcliiires A. P. HILLE . . . .... Keeper of the Archives I. K.NN.'XRClK. . . ...... Sergeant at Arms bl, MoLiiNfx.'xR. . . ...... Sergeant at Arms 1934 ROSTER Tomb and Key is an honorary fraternity organized in 1931 1935 RQHSTER sl. H. Albright D. A. Ambrose R. R. Bradford bl. F. Crawford F. De la Mater E. Freeman C. Hagener A. P. Hille E. H. Jensen L. Kurzon R. S. Lut: M. F. McGuirk M. H. Mack H. Margolis W. H. Miller tl. Molenaar L. Scott E. B. Slocum H. T. Sowers by a group of sixteen ambitious fraternity men to provide an incentive for underclassmen to excel in scholarship and citif :enship as well as various school activities. Feeling also the necessity for spurring Optometry to its rightful peak among the other professions, they incorporated in their constitution and ritual, passages which they felt certain would forever ob' literate unethical practice from the code of its members. This organization immediately took its place in the affairs of the College, sponsoring student activities of an educational nature. Lectures were provided for the entire student body by men outstanding in the field of Optometry or its allied prof fessions. Not forgetting the importance of the social aspect of student life, Tomb and Key became the sponsors of a semi' annual school dance. At a general convocation of the student body held once each semester, approximately twenty percent of the male stuf dents about to enter the Senior class, who scholastically stand among the highest thirty percent of their class, are ushered through a solemn ritual, and given the token which marks and rewards them in a humble way for their diligent effort and commendable conduct. As Phi Beta Kappa rewards those outstanding in the pure suit of cultural subjects, and Sigma Xi rewards students for original research in scientific endeavors, so Tomb and Key marks those who are outstanding as students of Optometry. M. Ashkenaze Cv. M. Banks F. F. Behrmann H. D. Blue B. F. Bratt W. R. Dale C. F. Ehrlich W. Haase F. Hasiak M. R. Kemski W. F. Kiefer F. C. Koch W. Lourie H. Marder D. N. McLeod G. W. PHeiderer M. J. Rosenthal G. B. Ruby bl. T. Scott P. M. Sims H. B. Sofen F. C. Stilwill 1934 T H E F 0 C U S Fortyfseven Panfl-Iellenic Council HE PanfHellenic Council of Northern Illinois College is an organization com' posed of three representatives from each Greek letter fraternity at the college. Its function is to govern all fraternal activities concerned with the rushing and pledging of new members and to settle any controf versy which might arise among the bodies represented. For this purpose there is a constitution, signed and sealed by each fraf ternity, wherein are contained the various provisions and stipulations to which the or' ganizations are pledged, together with penf alties for their infraction. Through the Council, which meets on the Hrst Wednesday of each month, all Greek letter organizations are able to bring their problems pertaining to matters of inf traffraternal relationship before the body, where they may be settled in a manner fair to all and most conducive to fraternal har' mony. By pledging itself on its honor to support the Council in all its decrees, each fraternity contributes to a spirit of unity that would otherwise be impossible. Pi Kappa Rho LEON.-K A. CRIJET ELIZABETH BLAc:K VlVl.kN j. JEWETI' Omega Delta RALPH M. ABEL HERBERT T. SOWERS HARRY j. HANoLn Omega Epsilon Phi GEIJRCIE A. WINTERER DAVID ROSE ROBERT Lurz Phi Theta Upsilon ARM.'XNlJ P. HlLLIi ROBERT R. BRADEoRIi LAWRENIIE S. SuoT'I' Mu Sigma Pi MAURICE I-I. MACK SAMUEL A. HAusER BENJAMIN T. BRATT OFFICERS LAWRENCE S. ScoT'r ..... . ......... President GEoRoE A. WINTERER. . . ..... Vit-efPresident VIVIAN j. JEWETT ................. Secretary FACULTY ADVISOR FRANK N. PARKER Forty-eight T H E F o C U s june Square and Compasses Club Founded at Northern Illinois College of Optometry, September, 1931 0 .Qi '-i, G 'v 455,69 OFFICERS JUNE. 1933 JANUARY, 1934 VVARREN H, MILLER' -,.,., 197651516-,lt HERBERT T. SOXVERS. . . ...... President HERBERT T. Sowiins .......... Vice-President ELDRED H. JENSEN- .- . .... VicefPresident ELDRED H. JENSEN ....... SecretaryfTrea.surer .IESSE T. SCOTT ..-. . . .Secretaryfreasurer jorm K, SCHLVLURU ,.,,,,.,,,.,. Tyler joHN K. SUHULEIL . .. ............. Tyler HONORARY MEMBERS T. C. Atkinson W. bl. Heather C. S. McGuire E. Coursen B. T. Hoffmann W. B. Needles C. A. Dodge A. H. Johnsen -I. A. Ross "To remind its members constantly of the teachings of Freemasonry: to create a closer friendship and brotherhood among the Master Masons attending the Collegeg and through its influence to help promote higher standards of the school." These were the aims and purposes of the club as set forth in its constitution at its inception as an active organization in the fall of 1931. These are worthy and sincere purposes, but in themselves perhaps not so much different from those of other similar organizations: however. the methods and earnestness with which the members have striven to carry these out during the past year have made the Square and Compasses Club unique among the organizations of the school. The teachings of Freemasonry and stimulation of brotherly feeling among the Master Masons at' tending Northern Illinois was accomplished in the monthly meetings and social functions made sucf cesses hy stirring talks given hy the cluh's staunch members and friends. The creation of closer friend' rhip was extended over the entire student body and found expression this year in the "Roundup," an all school getftogether and entertainment. This was conceived and sponsored by the eluh. aided linanf cially by the College. Finally, the promotion of higher standards of the school was developed through the presentation of educational lectures. The Square and Compasses Club has been adequately described as a club where Master Masons play and work together in perfect unity. A. R. Crist R. E. Crump WA. H. Fisher H. Hanold TL. W. Hines Wjanuary graduates. ACTIVE MEMBERS, 1933 AND 1034 TAA. E. Heurich W. H. Miller E. H. Jensen IRT. H. Riley Kiefer -I. T. Scott C. H. Kingon K. Schuler F. C. Koch H. T. Sowers F. C. Stilwill T. Swanson C. M. Weaver F. B. Willianis A. E. Hicks 1934 T II If F o 1: U S Fortyfnine School Activities The Rotmdfup One of the most unique and successful events on the whole school calendar for 1934 was the first N.I.C. Roundfup. The idea of the Roundfup originated with the members of the Square and Compasses Club who conceived the idea that it would be a good plan to start a precedent for a school party for the purpose of welcoming new freshmen. The plan was presented to Dr. Needles who approved of it wholefheartedly, and accord' ingly the wheels were shortly set in motion to put the idea across. The gala night arrived. Mr. Sowers, who acted as Master of Ceremonies, first introduced Dr. Wm. B. Needles, who in turn introduced all the members of the faculty. All the faculty members were thunderously applauded so that one might well say that the evening started out with a "bang" Next, the members of the basket ball squad were presented by their coach, Mr. Berry-they also were well received. Then came stunts by the various fraternities and the sorority of the campus, Mu Sigma Pi Fraternity gave a royal ragging of our one and only Dr. Zoethout, and with the Pi Kappa Rho Sorority stunt, Dr. Heather came in for his share. Possibly no one enjoyed it quite as much as the two foremenf tioned parties, 'unless it was the rest of the facf ulty. CDr. Atkinson please notej After the program, coffee and doughnuts were served in the dining room and everyone seemed agreed that the first Roundfup should by no means be the last one. Tomb cmd Key Cn january 13, 1934, the Tomb and Key Hon' orary Fraternity gave its semifannual dance at the Piccadilly Hotel. A Practically thehwhole of the student body and a great many of our es' teemed instructors and faculty members ,graced the party with their presence. Professor and Mrs. Occhiena, Dr. and Mrs. McGuire, Dr. Ross, Dr. john Needles, and Dr. and Mrs. Carl F. Shepard were those faculty members especially noticed. Dr. and Mrs. Shepard were celebrating their wed' ding anniversary Qjust which one was not dis' closedl. The music, ranging from a languorous waltz to a snappy fox trot, kept everyone "on their toes," and all were sorry to hear Home Sweet Home. The high spot, socially, of a successful semes' ter for Tomb and Key, was the SemifAnnual Spring Dance held at the Hotel Piccadilly Roof Garden. This function is traditionally sponsored by the faculty, and is the time of Auld Lang Sync before we scatter to every state, pledging to meet in future years. Dancing to a tenfpiece orchestra and' the cooling breezes of Lake Michigan, a crowd of seventyffive couples enjoyed a most pleasant evening. The success of this dance was due to the work of M. F. McCuirk, D. N. Mcf Leod, and Wiii. F. Keifer, who were chairmen. instructive Lectures Two interesting and instructive lectures were given by Dr. Wolff, the eminent opthalmologist of our visiting staff. The first dealt with the sub' ject of cataracts, the lecture being illustrated by slides showing the different types of cataracts and the ophthalmoscopic pictures showing the distincf tion between them. The second lecture by Dr. Wolff was on the subject of Glaucoma which was also supplemented by slides which, together with Dr. Wolff's extensive knowledge and vivid descriptions, did not fail to impress the student body with a greater appreciation of the characf teristics and peculiarities of the disease. Another important and highly educational lecf ture was given by Dr. Hoffmann of the clinical staff. The lecture was given in the evening and Dr. Hoffmann presented a series of slides, beautif fully made and colored to give a faithful picture of each kind and various phases of ocular dis' eases. This was a rare opportunity and all in attendance fully appreciated the value of the slides as well as Dr. Hoffmann's explanations and lucid descriptions. Plii Kappa Rlio A very successful "Hard Times" dance was given at the Craymont Hotel, January 24, 1934, by the Phi Kappa Rho Sorority. No conception of the magnitude of the depression was possible until the guests arrived and displayed how badly the clothing business had suffered. As the"'wee" morning hours arrived, "hard times" were for' gotten as everyone enjoyed "good times" with the very best of society. On April 6th the sorority gave a very interest' ing and unique dance at the Colosimos. This was followed, on April 23rd, by a farewell party for Mrs. Occhiena, who was to accompany "Papa Ckeyu to the SouthfEastern Optometric Convenf tion, and also a double shower was given for Harriet Arneson and Dorothy Hall. To wind up a brilliant social season, the An- nual Spring Senior Farewell Dance was held at the Edgewater Beach Hotel. Fifty T H E F o cz U s june Phi Theta Upsilon Phi Theta Upsilon endeavors to build its men in two waysseducationally and socially. In furtherance of the first purpose, the fraternity held lectures, bringing to its members outstandf ing men from the field of Optometry as well as the allied professions and sciences. One of the best was given on April 23rd by Dr. T. G. Atkinf son, whose fine lecture was well received and drew a great round of applause. Augmenting this educational program, the fra' ternity gave numerous social functions. The usual welcoming party was given the infcoming Fresh' men to create a friendly feeling between them and the members of the Fraternity. On the night of December 8th, the members gathered in the Walnut Room of the Bismarck Hotel for a Pledge Dinner Dance given in honor of the new mem' bers. The new members of the following Spring were given a similar reception on April 13th at the Terrace Gardens of the Morrison Hotel. Aside from the annual dances, the fraternity sponsors many other dinners, radio parties, and getftogethers. One of these worthy of particular note was the occasion of a banquet February 23rd at the Dorian Hotel, at which Dr. j. C. Copeland gave a lecture illustrated with motion pictures giving a complete story of the making of lenses as well as their effect on light. Not to be omitted from this resume, is the hard fought baseball battle in which the P. T. Us came from behind in the last inning to defeat the Mu Sig's by an 8 to 6 score. This was staged on April 14th and was a wellfearned victory for Phi Theta Upsilon, and stirred a great deal of fra' ternal as well as intra'fraternal spirit. Omega Epsilon Phi The Omega Epsilon Phi Fraternity opened its social activities for this semester with a getftof gether dinner at the Chicago Beach Hotel. This was followed by the traditional bifmonthly din' ners during the rest of the semester. The speakers at these dinner meetings included Dr. T. G. Atkinson, Dr. J. Heather, and Dr. F. Keefe. These "pillars of optometry" gave most interesting and inspirational talks, and the men of "O, E. Phi" wish to insert here a word of thanks to them for their splendid efforts. On March 7th, the fraternity gave a "Bridge" affair at the Bismarck Hotel with all members and pledges attending. The big event of the season, however, was the formal initiation held on April 20th, and the final gesture was a "bust" given in favor of the outgoing seniors. Mu Sigma Pi Although the Mu Sigma Pi Fraternity was not founded solely as a social organization, its calendar always includes an ample number of so' cial functions. The principal event on the calendar of this semester was the dinner dance given on December 22, at which about thirty couples gathered in the Pompeian Room of the Bismarck Hotel. The semifannual Formal Banquet, an allgday affair, took place Sunday, April 22nd, at the Del Prado Hotel. Initiation of the new class of members was the feature of the afternoon, and the evening was devoted to introducing these men to the hon' orary members and faculty over the banquet board. The social calendar also provided for the "Smoker" given for new arrivals at the beginning of the semester on February 12, and then followed a series of regular monthly dinners with popular and wellfknown men as guests. Among the lat' ter were Dr. T. G. Atkinson, Dr. W. Heather, Dr. J. C. Copeland, Dr. Carl F. Shepard, Dr. Samuel Ginsburg, Dr. Wm. A. Mendelsohn, and Dr. Irvin Borish. The "Senior Farewell Dinner" was the final meeting, at which time the graduating members were consigned to the ranks of Optometry to help fight for professional and ethical practice in their chosen profession. Round Table Several months ago a congenial dozen or so, from assorted classes, decided that their common interests in current questions were equally as wide as their professional concern. When such a group gravitates together, an ideally democratic organ' ization is evolved. Such is the history of the Round Table Club which made its appearance in N. I. C. during the previous semester. There is no mystery about the knights and ladies of this "Round Table." The only require' ment is an insatiable curiosity, and the cabalistic sign is a question mark. Sunday afternoon meetings were held, presided over by Dr. Beauchamp and Messrs. Lutz, Crump, Skilbeck, and Banks. Square and Compasses Club The annual Thanksgiving dinner was given November 16th, 1933, at the Graymont Hotel. Besides the regular members, there were nineteen guests present, including all De Molay members of the student body. The De Molay were encourf aged to organize a separate club of their own under the sponsorship of Square and Compasses. C. O. Ward of Boulevard Lodge, Chicago, was the speaker of the evening. 1934 T H E F o C u s Fiftyfone The semifannual Senior Farewell Banquet took place on January 11th, 1934, at the usual meet' ing place. An impressive ceremony, planned some years ago and given at each Farewell Banquet by Dr. T. G. Atkinson, once more sent the graduf ating members on their way to the four corners of the earth in true Masonic fashion. On March 17th, the club sponsored a lecture given by Dr. J. C. Copeland, in the school audi' torium. Dr. Copeland presented motion pictures of the plant of Bausch Ei Lomb Co., showing various processes of manufacture of their prod' ucts which provided interesting and instructive entertainment for the more than one hundred and fifty students and friends in attendance. April 19th, the club shared the sponsorship with Tomb and Key of a lecture on "The Relaf tion of the Optometric Profession to the Indus' try," by Col. John R. Glennon of the American Optical Company. "Okey' introduced Col. Glen' non, whose lecture contained many practical and educational aspects which were enthusiastically received and appreciated by all those who filled the auditorium. The Michigan Optometric Club On March 30th, 1934, four students of N. I. C. from the State of Michigan, conceived the idea of forming a Michigan Optometric Club, for the prime purpose of the promotion of ethical and professional optometry. The club was formed immediately, with Prof fessor E. Occhiena as faculty advisor and the four students, M. J. Rosenthal, David Rose, B. T. Bratt, and L. I. York, as charter members. The first meeting was called on April ith, 1934, for membership of every Michigan student in the college. Fortyffive made application for member' ship. At the second meeting, the club increased its membership and permanent officers were elected as follows: J. H. Skiuseck . . . ...... President N. R. BECKER. . . ........ Vit-efPresident GoLD1E GRAY .. .............. Secretary DAVID ROSE .... , . .Corresponding Secretary E. B. SLOCUM ............. Associate Secretary The organization of this club has been endorsed by the Michigan State Society of Optometry and as a result the potentialities of the group look very promising. It is with the thought in mind that, "In union there is strength" that the members of the Michif gan Optometric Club stand banded together to make Optometry, in the true sense of the word, a cleaner and more ethical profession. Omega Delta Omega Delta, the oldest fraternity at N. I. C., rounded out another year of activity and good fellowship. Alpha Chapter swung into its 17th school year with the same enthusiasm that has carried it through so many previous years with flying colors. The first big event was the Afternoon Tea and Smoker, Sunday. Sept. 'Z-lth. Following this was the rush party given for prospective members at the Terrace Gardens, Sept. 29th. To complete the rush period, there was a tour of the city on Sunday morning, Oct. lst, which included most of the Chicago highfspots. The regular bidf banquet was held Thursday, Oct. ith, at Cray' mont. Alpha now began plans for the Eastern Ref gional Conclave of Omega Delta, held here in Chicago, Nov. 4th and Sth. All reports showed a very successful convention, with a large number of delegates and alumni present. Omega Delta carried on through the year with its usual and varied activities. Immediately after the holidays, election of ofhcers for the second semester was held and Ralph M. Abel, of St. Louis, was chosen President, to succeed Geo. M. Robertson, of Minneapolis. In late January, Alpha established headquarters at the Craymont Hotel. All members felt this was a great step forward because of the dire ne' cessity of a house for such an organization as O. D. Time marched on and before Alpha realized, rush period was here again. Two novel and exf tremely interesting functions were given for pros' pective members. Sunday evening, Feb. 4th, about 50 members and guests attended a National League hockey game between the Chicago Black' hawks and the Boston Bruins. Following this on the rush program was a tour of the N. B. C. Studios in the Merchandise Mart building, on Wedriesday, Feb. 7th, Vincent Lopez played host with a program of typical Lopez music. Last. but not least, was the dinnerfdance for the new men, held in the Gold Coast Room of the Drake Hotel, Thursday, Feb. lith. For the better part of a month, "all was quiet on the Alpha front." A "bowery" dance on St. Patrick's Day broke the serenity of pledge period in a novel fashion. The last function on the calendar was the din' nerfdance given for the graduating brothers. This last big fling was held at the Stevens Hotel, May ith, 1934. Eiftyftwo T H E F 0 C U S Jung The Season's Record Nov. 29-Optometry. . . 32 Dec. Y- " . . .20 Chicago Normal College ...... 22 " 11- " ...32 Wheaton College ....... ...S2 " 13-- . . .37 North Park College ........ . .29 " li-- ...4S U. of Ill. Col. of Pharmacy... .15 jan. 10-- ...46 Ill. Col. of Chiropody ........ 13 " 13- ...SS American Col. of Phys. Ed... .29 " 16- . . .50 Ill. Col. of Chiropody ........ 31 18- . . .31 North Park College .... . . .29 " 23- . . .66 Chicago Tech. College .... . . .20 Feh. 3-- . . .27 George Williams College ...... 45 " 10- . . .40 Chicago Normal College .... . .41 " 16- . . .48 American Col. of Phys. Ed.. . . .31 23- , , ,38 Donnelly's Lakeside Press ..... 22 " 27- . . .10 Sappanos Paint fdefaultj . . . . . . 0 Mar. 2- . . .43 Loyola U. fFroshD .......... 20 " 13- . . .33 Rockhurst Col., Kansas City. . .22 14- . . .34 Gridley Chiefs, Wichita, Kan. .40 22- " . . .40 Inland Steel, Ind. Harhor ...., .24 For the past three years athletics have hecome more and more in the spotflight at Northern Illif nois College. The primary reason for this was the remarkahle success of the college haskethall teams. Therefore we shall devote this space to a summary of the sudden rise of our major sport. Two years ago the Northern Illinois College haskethall team surprised the local sport fans hy defeating several strong comhinations, principally hecause of the playing of Rich Needles and Bill Whitehead, son and nephew of our president. The following year three more stellar players were added to the ranks in the persons of jim Custard and Lennie Mayer, hoth former Chicago High School stars, and Ben Davis, star of Liherty High, Liherty, N. Y. The team that year made the remarkahle record of twelve games won and six lost against Junior Colleges, Technical Col' leges, etc., in and around Chicago. When the call for candidates for the haskethall team was sounded this year there were thirty' seven men who answered, each one eager to win a herth on the squad. Coach Gene Barry drilled these hoys and little hy little huilt up an unusu- ally strong, fast team. A hint of what to expect was given in a practice game with the University of Chicago varsity squad, which, after two over' time periods, ended in a deadlock, 32 all. The season started rather shakily with two def feats at the hands of Chicago Normal College and Wheaton College of Wheaton, Ill., although hoth losses were hy narrow margins. Then the N. I. C. hoys started a winning rampage which was not stopped until they had won nine successive games. The regularly scheduled season ended with a rec- ord of fifteen wins and five defeats. As a reward for the splendid showing the hudding Optometrists had made, Dr. Needles enf University of Chicago .... . . .32 joHN W. NEEDLES, oP'r.D. Director of Athletics tered the team in the National A. A. U. tournaf ment at Kansas City, Mo. To play in this tournaf ment is the ambition of every haskethall player, as the winning team is declared world champions. The 1933414 squad of Northern Illinois College has realized that amhition. On March 9th a party of fourteen, including our President, Dr. W. B. Needles: Dr. john Needles, director of athletics, Coach Gene Barry, Manager Ed. Forszt and ten memhers of the team journeyed to Kansas City. The first round of the tourney found the Op' tometrists with a hye. In the second round they met the fast Rockhurst College team of Kansas City, one of the favorites to win the tournament. Under great odds the game little Optometry team scrapped their way through to a 33 to 22 victory. Capt. jimmy Custard hore the hrunt of the at' tack, scoring sixteen of the thirtyfthree points and playing a heautiful floor game. The opening of the third round found the "eye" hoys among the remaining ten teams of the original fiftyfseven entered. They met the Grid' ley Chieftons of Wichita, Kan., former title hold' ers. A Herce struggle resulted with the score see' sawing hack and forth until the final minute. The game ended with the Optometrists on the losing end of a 34 to 40 score. The "kids" went down lighting to the last minute and they won a tref mendous round of applause from the 7,000 spec' tators. The trip was a huge success and we are proud of these hoys who fought so gamely for their college and for Optometry. The team personnel was as follows: Capt. jimmy Custard, fg Lennie Mayer, gg Gordie Taylor, fg Ben Davis, cg Chuck Chmielinski, gg Art Massey, fg Pat Virant, cg Zack, fg Heath Crumbaugh, gg Austin Prichard, fg Boh Brown, fg Herh Lenz, f. 1934 T ll Ii F o r' U s Fiftyfthree Why Uptometry is a Profession EUGENE FREEMAN, A. B. 0 man ever knowingly commits an act that is not to his own best interests. Right or wrong, a man always chooses what he thinks is best for himself g and the wise man is the one who is far sighted enough to forego what appears to be best for him at the moment if it conflicts with what is best for him in the long run. The new graduate who embarks upon a comf mercial career in optometry believes that he is choosing what is best for himself, but he is mistaken. On every count but one, namely, the amount of money earned dur' ing the first year or two of practice, it is more worth while to practice optometry as a profession than it is to make of it a busif ness. There is no better way for the young opf tometrist to convince himself of this fact than by talking things over with as many commercial and professional optometrists as he possibly can, especially if he is able to see their books. He will discover that the optometrist whose income is the largest is the man who has built up a professional ofhce practice. Furthermore, if he is a keen observer of human nature, he will discover that the optometrist who seems to be the happiest, the one that has the most self ref spect and pride in his work, the most pres' tige and social standing, the one fand per' haps the only onej who is accepted as a professional man, is the optometrist who conducts an ethical office practice. Paradoxically enough, it is the man en' gaged in commercial or semifprofessional practice, without the courage or the fore' sight to accept the full responsibilities of professionalism, who is protesting most vigorously that optometry is a profession and that he is a professional man. He is partly right. Optometry is a profession but he does not quite belong to it. The degree of "Doctor of Qptometryn that is conf ferred upon an optometric graduate by his college does not make him a professional man -it merely grants him the privilege of making a professional man out of him' selfg and his doctor's title is meaningless unless he avails himself of this privilege. Regardless of what he calls himself, the commercial optometrist, conducting a high pressure business in lenses and frames in a credit jewelry store or in a department store or in an optical chain store, is not a doctor. The public, however, judges optometry by the men who call themselves optomef trists, and the title of optometrist has been so vividly associated in the public mind with commercial and semifprofessional pracf tice, that an increasing number of profesf sional practitioners of optometry are now using some more distinguished title, such as "0ptometric Eye Specialist," "Refractionf ist," or just plain "Eye Specialist." This is, perhaps, a mistake. A profession does not give itself a new name every time it makes a step forward toward becoming more prof fessional. Dentistry a generation ago was for the most part as unprofessional as Up' tometry has ever been. But it was by drop' ping its unprofessional practices, and not its name, that dentistry became recognized as a profession. The prestige of the title of "0ptometric Eye Specialist" is limited by the prestige of the term "Optometry" from which it is def rived. The only way that the prestige of any of the titles derived from the term op' tometry can be increased is by building up the prestige of the profession as a whole. And it is the very man who calls himself an optometric eye specialist that could further his own interest and those of his profession best by calling himself an optometrist. For he is the man that the public must know as an optometrist if the profession of op' Fiftyffour T ll li F ll KI ll S lung tometry is to receive the prestige that it deserves. Let us stop at this point to consider what it is that makes optometry a profession. A profession may be defined as a limited, clearly demarcated vocation, requiring both liberal and technical training, and dedicated to humanitarian ideals. The most distingf uishing characteristic of a profession is that its members place service to their fellow man above all financial considerations. This is emphasized in the hrst article of the code of ethics of the American Medical Associaf tion, which states that. "A profession has for its prime object the service it can render to humanity: reward or financial gain should be a subordinate conf sidcrationf' An optometrist who conforms to this first demand of professionalism has gone far towards making himself a professional man. Besides this first allfimportant require' ment, there are five major characteristics of a profession: The hrst is that its members must be conf trolled by a central organization which pre' scribes and enforces its ethical standards. Thus the prestige of a profession, which depends largely on its ethics, is in the hands of its central organization. The American Medical Association, with 90,000 members out of the 150,000 medical men in the country, has shown how much a strong or' ganization can do for a profession in conf trolling its members, raising its standards, and gaining the respect of the public. While there are also 150,000 lawyers in the country, the American Bar Association has only 25,000 members, and this fact seems to be reflected in the prestige of the legal profession. The American Qptometf ric Association has been constantly gaining in strength and it now has 8,000 members out of the 16,000 optometrists in the counf try. Membership in this association is the indispensable prefrequisite to professional and ethical standing in optometry, and the rapid growth of the organization reflects the rapid rise of optometry as a profession. The second characteristic of a profession is that its functions must be clearly def marcated. It is necessary to draw a sharp line between the activities that belong to a profession and those that do not. Legally, the functions of optometry have been very clearly demarcated from the functions of medicineg and professionally, they have been clearly demarcated from the functions of the semifprofessional business man. Nevertheless, there still remains one inf ternal problem of demarcation that has not been settled, and that is the problem of disf pensing. There are some optometrists who declare that optometry to be professional must pattern itself after the medical prof fession, and should therefore do no dispens' ing, but should turn that function over to the optician. Qthers, however, affirm that optometry is more analogous to dentistry than to medicine, and that the optometrist should therefore do his own dispensing, as the dentist does. Without entering into the debate on this question, we may point out, however, that the primary function of the optometrist is writing a prescription or giving treatments, and not selling glasses. The optometrist who does his own dispensf ing should never forget this fact, and he should charge a separate fee for his profesf sional services. Due to the fact that the doctor of opf tometry at present is not permitted to per' form any medical or surgical functions, some misapprehensions have arisen as to whether or not he is a full fledged doctor. But the title of doctor is not reserved ex' clusively for the medical profession. "Doo tor" is the Latin word meaning Hknower of-H. A man may be a doctor in any branch of science or culture. When a man has a Ph.D. degree in physics, or literature, or psychology, or physiology, or mathematf ics, he is called by the title of doctor, which means simply that he is a uknower of" his own specialized field. Similarly, a man with an O.D. degree is called by the title of doctor because he is a Hknower ofi' opf tometry. In all these cases, "knower ofi' 1934 T H is o c U s Fiftyffive prefsupposes a number of years of special' ized college training, whose adequacy has been tested by comprehensive examinations or by state boards. Thus the doctor of op' tometry is just as much a full fledged doctor as a doctor in any other field. Furthermore, the optometry degrees are the only legally recognized doctoral degrees conferred for specialized study of the eye. Such titles as "oculist" or "ophthalmologist" are self' conferred and do not necessarily prefsupf pose any more than the usual sixty hours of study of the eye offered in the general medical course. The third characteristic of a profession is that it requires liberal and technical train' ing. The dictionary definition of a profesf sion is that it is a specialized vocation char' acterized by a liberal education. A profesf sion is judged by the cultural level of its members, and all the professions require their members to secure a liberal education. The new three year course at Northern Illinois College has been planned with this requirement in mind. The value of a libf eral education to an optometrist can be measured by both practical and cultural standards. Practically, it brings him more patients, because it enables him to reach a much higher type of clientele than he could without it. Culturally, it enriches his per' sonality and makes his life fuller and more enjoyable, by giving him a wide variety of extrafprofessional interests. An optomef trist will End it very valuable to carry on his liberal interests and activities all through his life. The technical training of the profesf sional man is, of course, the most essential part of his education. An optometrist, es' pecially one who graduates from Northern Illinois College, can well be proud of the technical training and education that he has received. No professional man receives a more intensive training in one highly spef cialized Held than the optometrist. ' The fourth characteristic of a profession is that it demands a probationary period with little or no financial returns. The first year's income in such professions as medif cine, law, teaching, engineering, etc., is usually very scanty. Optometry if pracf ticed as a profession demands a similar sac' rifice. The first year of an office practice in optometry should be considered to be a sort of voluntary internship which is a nec' essary prefrequisite to a professional career. The fifth characteristic of a profession is that a professional man charges a variable fee instead of a fixed price for his services. This is one of the most distinctive differ' ences between the professional and the non' professional pursuits. The professional man bases his fee partly upon the imporf tance of the services he renders to his pa' tient, and partly upon the difficulty of the case and the amount of time he spends upon it. He also adapts his fee to the pa' tient's ability to pay, for it is only by chargf ing proportionately higher fees to those who can afford it that he is able to fulfill the humanitarian obligations that his prof fession imposes of treating all worthy pa' tients regardless of how little they can pay him. The prospects of the new graduate who enters into ethical ofhce practice today are extremely bright. The functions of the op' tometrist are constantly being broadened by new developments in optometric science. Various new methods of visual training, and techniques such as the use of contact lenses for the correction of conical cornea: telescopic lenses for the improvement of subnormal visiong mechanical crutches for the correction of ptosisg and postfhypnotic suggestion for the treatment of psychic squint, have opened up unprecedented op' portunities for research and practice in prof fessional optometry, and are gaining for optometry unreserved acceptance as a prof fession. It is true that we have our fringe of racketeersg but there are quacks and shysters and frauds in every profession. Both the public and the profession can be protected from them, however, by outlaw' Fiftyfsix T ll In F o cz II S Jung ing them from the professional organizaf tions. The public is learning to recognize the membership card in the organization as a guarantee of ethical and skilled profesf sional services, and to withdraw its confif dence from all practitioners who are not members of their professional organizations. The optometrist, therefore, who conf forms to the highest standards of profesf sional ethics, such as membership in the prof fessional societies, location in an exclusively optometric ofiice, preferably upstairsg re' straining advertising in accordance with the ethical code of his state society, sub' ordinating dispensing to a minor roleg charging professional fees, with a separate fee for examination: and above all, making the welfare of his patients his primary conf cern, will be the only one to reap the rich harvest of rewards that optometry is rap' idly bringing as it gains the prestige of professionalism. 1 PRACTICE BUILDING fcontinued from page 281 sideration lies in dispensing. I have seen numerous Qptometrists who were able to present a complete eye examination so masf terfully that when it was completed, they represented to their patients the very heights of professionalism. And at this time they were eligible to any reasonable examf ination fee and could have collected it. But instead, they took a toboggan slide down into a drawer full of assorted uglassesi' and proceeded forthwith to enter into the bar' gaining which is associated with commerf cialized dispensing. Almost instantly, they proved to their patients that all along they had really been merchants and not profesf sional men. From then on any mention of an examination fee would have been taken as a joke, and rightly. Limitations of space prevent repetition of the plans for dispensf ing which have been offered, as well as any discussion of the problem. Suflice it to say that at this point your most careful plan' ning is imperatively demanded, because you must separate your professional services from merchandising. Many other factors may occur to you, but we shall consider at this time only one more, namely, "professional correspondf ence." It is never very difhcult to discover by whom each patient was referred to you. Some brief note of appreciation to this perf son should always go out on the same day, so that you can say, among other things, "Thank you for sending Mrs. Brown to me today." During the examination of each patient, be sure to select some point of par' ticular interest, both to the patient and yourself, about his case. Note it carefully, and explain its significance to the patient, promising to consider it again at the next examination. A letter which you may send six months or a year later should be cenf tered about that particular point. A form letter is practically worthless, because it rarely appeals to personal interestsg but your letter, based as it is, entirely on the patient's own particular interests, will asf sure his return, or his continued good will. My closing counsel to you is my most reiterated teaching- "TI-llNK.', Think while you are building your practice. You will never be able to overdo it: and the more you think in planning your practice, the firmer you will build. Longfellow has expressed this same truth in imperishable verse: "For thc structure that we raise, Time is with materials filled, Our todays and yesterdays Are the blocks with which we build. Nothing useless is, or low: Each thing in its place is best: And what seems but idle show Strengthens and supports the rest. Build today, then, strong and sure, With a firm and ample base: And ascending and secure Shall tomorrow find its place." 1934 T H Ii F U fi ll S Fiftyfseven - -1 - f - 1 i gl Y Y o u 1- 0 'D ' QS lp Q fo 9 X nv l 9 l E 1:32131 P This rnemorahle erenl will mark lhe day ll'lIf'lI, you .vel up lhe olfiees in, u'hleh you will praeliee your profession. There on lhe wall, for all lo xee, il will represenl your years of sludy and hard work lo become profieienl in your profession . . . Nou' eornes lhe laxk of building your professional repulalion. Here. new far-lors enler inlo llze progrexs of your eareer: lhe appearance of your olfieex. lhe QM!-l'lPIlf'.X' of your equiprnenl. lhe fll'l'III'lll'-V of your inslrunzenls. lhe qualify of lhe lenses. nzounlings and franzes you use . . . Hay we eooperale uvilh you lo make lhe lolal of lhese faelors a worlhy eonzplenzenl lo your edu:-alion and lrainlng. Our one hundred and one years of oplieal progrexx has filled us lo .s-erre well your erery requiremenl for building and holding your praeliee. OYTlC,1L we 'SB fb :P A 2 'S - - 7 4 J 5 , 1934 ff afowow cenvdxfx """f1f-Stove' Anlvrican 0ptical Colnpany Y .lTll 1 Fitityriglit Tun Focus june T0 LOCK lNSTRUHENT ARM I I Micrzomsrsn ' .---- ADJUSTMENT . ron i-ieierm-1 TO ADJUST S SPRING ' 'reNsioN l Manufacturers of FIRIVIFLEX lllountings and GENEVA.. NEW' YORK I time enalile you to jo LOCK I I . - A,F,,'1LLff,,T ! give your patients tlie If- are E'-V benefit of a com- 1 . plelely seientilic examination. I Cenotlialmir' equipment meets all of tlle I requirements and it can lie purcllaserl liy tlie 1-onvenient "l'ay-out-of-Profitsm plan. Write for illustrated liulletins. SHURON OPTICAL COMPANY. INC. A ter Graduation After receiving tlle coveted "sheep- skin," after passing the "state boards." you will prepare to practice your Cll0S6l1 profession. One ol' the first steps is tlie acqui- sition of refracting equipment that will glorify your profes- I sion anrl at tlie same WVIDESITE Lenses DREXEL STATE BANK OF CHICAGO Cottage Grove Ave. and Oakwood Blvd. DIRECTORS CHARLES T. BYRNE ,,.., ,.. .., Manutacturer MARK A. CRONIN .,,,,.....,..,........... President, Knickerbocker Rooting 81 Paving Co. ANDREW J. KOLAR ,Vice-Pres., Drexel State Bank R. J. NEAL ,,,.,.,,.,, President, Drexel State Bank DR. WM. B. NEEDLES ,,...,. ....,.......... President, Northern Illinois College ot Optometry CLARENCE POFFENBERGER ......,. ......., Cashier, Drexel State Bank PRED J. WEGG ..,.... ,...,..... L awyer PICI-IARD W. YERKES ,..Treasurer, Link-Belt Co. RATES SI.50 Up Single 53.00 Up Double ZOO Rooms 200 Baths Iqntzl Brrnard Drexel Boulevard at 42nd Place Phone Drexel 3200 J. M. FLANAGAN, Manager 'u Special on Weekly and Monthly Guests 'n RESTAU RANT BARBER SHOP GARAGE TAILOR SHOP 1934 TH T50 the 'raduates - - We extend hearty con- gratulations and best M'iS11CS lOl' yOll1' SUCCCSS. T50 the Undergraduates We Pl'Oll1iSC tile Sallie fr . . E' lC1CIlt SCFVICC Elf 1'6- iillCCCi l'flfCS. Exclusive Launderers to N. of Optolnetry 1ltn1ore aun 1' Drexel BOll1CV3fil WE Phone Oakland 5772 CALL FOR AND DELIVER I, F o cl U S l:lfty'lllI1C ,, 2 ' 1. 2 W Wa 1? A Z 4 'imlM'lwu,uI,u11 Z' Q iw.MQiQQlltttuuutiwuwniulnwwruyywjwm i 1 Z wtrxgyxixw f E , SX . ' I fs f Z. is M 2 3. S we z af K f Wllligssw 'X i S 5 gg, X QS , X , Q NN J , x Y X Z f THE P THW Y OF PROGRESS Wiith graduation but a milestone passed. your journey on the pathway of progress has already begun. At the end of the trail lies the rainbow-sueeess. Your travel lnay be slow, or it may be fast. but regardless the path will not always be smooth. There will be byways-seeming short euts to the rainbow: hills-seeming obstacles diffieult to overeomeg valleys- depths which quickly pass. Un this great adventure you are about to begin. we hope that you'll lake our prof- fered helping hand-for in all modesty we believe that we have aided many who have preeeded you on this pathway of progress. Riggs offers you a friendly organization, experienced in every phase of the optical profession, willing and anxious to devote our efforts to counsel., guide and help you so that your progress may be rapid and the path smooth. ni gs olniical Colnpanyg 2 Sixty T H Ii F o cr: LI 5 june OFFICIAL HEADQUARTERS OF N. I. C. STUDE :ls 9,0 A New Fire- proof I'Io'feI Wi'rI'1in Easy Wallring Dis- fance of N.I.C., and aSI'1or+ Rid Io 'fI1e WorIcI' Fair Ground HOTEL GRAYMONT I032 Easi' 46'II1 S+ree+, Chicago WI-IERE THE FRATERNITIES GATI-IEI2 Delicious Course Meals Available in Our Gwn Dining Room NTS -ai? Every R o L i g I1 'I', W Venfilafed. wi+I1 Priv o ell 6 6 Ba'II1, Radio Telephone a CI oiher Conv niences. SPECIAL RATES TO STUDENTS AND THEIR FRIENDS Maurice Seymour Studios Camera Portraits Hoof Ganlen St. Clair Hotel Chicano All Phones: Kenwood 6518 C. F. PETERSON COAL COMPANY Anthracite and Bituminous C O A L Oflicc and Yard: 4011-4021 Langley Avenue 1934 T H E F O fl U S Sixtyfqme NEW ERA INVITES You 1 EW ERA OPTICAL COMPANY cordially inviles all Norfhern Illinois sludenis Io make New Era Equipmenl Rooms Iheir headquarlers when downtown in Chicago. Our Equipment Deparlmenl conlains ree L Iraclion inslrumenls and refraclrion room equipmenl of I' all makes and Iypes. Come in aI any Iime and Iry our Ihe various inslrumenls - experimenl wilh Ihem in our TZ: Il,NhIiii.lIIf . model refraclion rooms-make your seleciion wi'rh care. If IIIII ill Recenrly New Era has designed and had manulac- 9 lured exclusively for Them a number oi relraclion room V 4 accessories. These are thoroughly modern, in Iune wilh modern Oplomelry and priced lar below similar pieces of oiher makers. Before seleclinq your equip- menI', invesfigale New Era Equipmeni. Q l Y Ib ii I I All I 'J IIIIIIIIIIIIIIIE. . E - ?1 x " it I A 41' II , I Em N: A V I-Miilr liy' ji 7 I 1 N EW E RA oPTi CAL COMPANY I - I7 North Wabash Avenue Chicago, Illinois THE OPTOMETRIC WEEKLY 5 North Wallash Avenue, Chicago, Ill. the magazine delivered 52 times throughout the year at your door for UNE DOLLAR. It ron- tains scientific articles by authorities, editorials that are trutlxful-calling a spade u spadefand all news from every corner ol' the world in the interests of optoinetry. For quick and sure results, use the want ad columns of The Optometric Weekly TVASHABLE UNIFORMS USED BY 'l'Hl'i Northern Illinois College of Optometry I E .IlI1lllllfll!'llll'1'!1 l'i.Yl'IllNll'l'IT by OTTENHEIMER 81 CO., Inc. 1946-50 VI'cst Madison Street. Chicago DRUMM'S SERVICE STATION S. W. Cor. 4Is+ S+. and Drexel Blvd. VEEDOL, OUAKER STATE AND PENNZOIL MOTOR OILS Champion Purolafor Spark Plugs Oil FiI+er TOM MALONEY'S TAVERN Delicious Food Served Steaks Our Specialfy PABST BLUE RIBBON BEER All Mixed Drinks 3955 Coftage Grove 3956 Drexel Blvd. OAKLAND 6777 Sivtvftwo THE FDCUS AJAb4 L P 3. fl li 1 ri : 5 'F was 'I ff: 1 -ffl gale- A-1.: V 'EE 'E A - -f"- EE 4300 Ellis Avenue, S. W. Corner 43rd Slreel MEET ME Aili LOU'S CAFE Drinlcs of All Kinds 42nd Place and Drexel Norlheasl' Corner udnr llis llgntzl HOME ENVIRONMENT 24-HOUR SERVICE Single Rooms Suiles Kil'cheneH'es Moderale Prices-By Week or Monlh Telephone Kenwood I363 UITC SHERMAN'S I.G.A. STORE Groceries, Meals, Fruils and Vegelables al Lowesl Prices 4064 Ellis Ave. Jusl' a Block from School Larqe Single and Double Rooms Sludenl Rales Wilh or Wilhoul Board-Special Weekly Rales Mrs. C. S. Weber THE ROANOKE 4324 Ellis Avenue Phone Allanlic 0994 Oakland Drexel Blvd. PITOVTF' DVQXOI Q5 in r-an 5 if 513.2 Bei, THE DOMESTIC HAND LAUNDRY Whefe Good Fellows Gel Toqefllef Special Bundle Rales +o Sludenls DREXEL VIEW TAVERN 9OI E. Eorly-lhird Slreel' lCorner Drexel Blvd.l WE CALL FOR AND DELWER MILLER'S HIGH LIFE ON DRAUGHT I209 55+h Sl. D0l"Cl'leS'l'eI' 2I28 Phone Oalrland 4082 Eslablished Since I9lO Compnmenis of AL FISHER CLEANERS AND TAILORS THE OAKLAND BUSINESS I004 E. 43rd Slreel I2 Hour Service MEN S ASSOCIATION Phone: OAKIand 74l 6 MRS. ROBERT WHITE Rooms Exclusively lor Sludenls INTERNATIONAL HOUSE 4052 Ellis Avenue Chicago PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS 19 4 T H E F o cz U s Slxtytlmc -f 'F 'gb ..,: 5 -:.- -: i t iii ! c f a z z X f e e A ter Commencement - what 9 Professional growth depends on reputa- tion. And reputation depends largely on how successfully true skill is translated into practical eye relief for patients. It is for this reason that Bausch 31 Lomb lenses, frames and instruments are made to the highest standards of precision within human ability. The highest type of profes- sional skill can be translated adequately only by the highest refinements available in optical aids. You will Gnd your own prog- ress much facilitated by Bausch Sz Lomb precision. BAUSCH 81 LOMB OPTICAL CO ROCHESTER, NEW YORK . i' To the seniors and undergraduates, we, the Focus staff, wish to express our appreciation for the cofoperation and support they have given us by their subscriptions. To the faculty, for their articles and advice. To the publisher, for his comments and help. DEAN A. AMERosE . . . ELDRED H. JENSEN.. MAsoN F. Mc:Gu11u4. ARMIN I-IILLE ..... SAMUEL HAUSER ...A GENE YoUMANs ..... EDNA M. GUsTAEsoN JAMES CUST.-XRD ..... M. F. MCGUIRK, Bus. Mgr. STAFF . .Ass't Business . . .EdiIOT'i71'Clli6f . . . .Assistant Editor . . .Business Manager and Advertising Mgr. Advertising Manager ..........Secretary . . . .School Activities . . .Athletic Editor U' D 1 ' 4 r A . , nw xkf? Q dy' 1 L ' o i5 ..i" a n .. , 1 ', I 'U' ' 75176 :Wu , A 5 1 " .M 's lr 'V .",-ea-1 5 TTBg P I wif w'P'1!'lr va uf E7 ,J V E WX. AF FK nw x X ,bk N 33 s u R J I1 ' 'luiiil Kif'i2,,.. ' A .ski ' W 5 GWSWM ag gmmwgg is L55 3 232 '45 f' 07 fpgg P' 417 53 E 'f 'lzgffjwgf' Q Q O? C0 g 15-"Fx N. ga, XDA Nut!" mf 1 CQ O Q- Q S1 6 ' U S 7411 - ""'0 me ', if V 'G 'W -NW' fun . 'Jn 1:-'-s 2 1 I 5 ' I s f X I ,Q on I "70mu.x: NM jp fx Nflff , A E? IQ A4-qfifn , , "'l1d:f' X I l ,R1f7'56.f 559 Ill 3 Lf . ,B- xf ,. . A IM" Q 5 : - I " .. 3 L W A J, 63 l fffjgzfx L C-E, I I If "':::::::: :'gva':: 5 u . 1 L o - 1 ' ' 61 ' v , . X . an' v QW ffl 'V' is 'XXX ni ' if .s , .. JA .2 1 ' ,' 5' t 'Magi' riff' JQWQE1 ' v, LNX . DAVID ROSE DROPTOMETRWST 120 N. KALAMAZOO 41321616 W KALAMAZQO. MICH. I N gg to 59 MUNI, G U' 9' QSM m b Vo t XXXXIIIII? Q MfJ. oaA 1' .u un1uf,,,, , Q :Wx '71 Q si QA 0, Q: N M015 - xff' 5 it Q N E EZ 7 99 :Wx .WH ,,, GNA RE 956.5 .N6 F6 1934 Northern Illinois College of Optometry. The focus UEACO v 1 - it Nfl!-.1


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