New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY)

 - Class of 1938

Page 1 of 204


New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection, 1938 Edition, Cover

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Text from Pages 1 - 204 of the 1938 volume:

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I 1 ,f,-if gf.,.,.p.iefsaQ5- 5-iff.-I:.:,1e XSL ' 5 ' - "-ff .- ' . ,. - . I' I-' I'Q5i3:.,g'LI.-I1fff,Qz1f,'I. .,. .IAM-z:II.f'f,, ' - ,. ..'-wg I' '- I-5f1'1Ef25-wiv.i.Mi.jfg'15', .5 if. " A in :nm f '. E' . 4',:.1fE3.5Z?51fIl-YE .-1,-., -5. I . .. I -. . .5 1. , . ,I I, .Imp ..-ff -- .L yfrvx , I' . :Q "9.f,,f1:'1 ' ' -'-2. ':. ' ,., ' Q -Iyvlaic' ,if-'Af 15 -1 N "5 'ni 51.?u,1lf" 2. ' I MX -F-x"Y..MP 5:.'W4f'1' .f .L k wa, :,':,1:f4w4.-1..,',sf MIN , sw' EK , W ' ' ' - ,,sf. TVA leg- '11 ,Q -'11 .. ,,, .-. mgm.-35 .11..s. 1 - . 1 I ' Q' pg. . If I , - H -' 'P' E 'QF stiff '. '32 In .. P3 I 1 1.2 fig: w wf.,-. . .F I -1. '- - H-1? . . -5-Ji: fgiw 1' . 15 -ivrmg' f.w.5"., I -gm I ggqfsffi-gg sag, Qivt I E i ,I - . 1 ..s..fQf' ,QQIN-,11L,g,5 'g.s4gu',-ml -A ,I QI. 5 :sv 134 I" I Q, 1-ws, :InI. ' W :I-IIQ , fgngii' x ,-,- I f' I 1' -- ..'.:,.y an ' if 1 .:.QII-.-- A., gig., .IIT M.. my Y, ,II mg-. , . I I N II.I IIIII. IQ: EIL. Q K fp I as a. ,A '4 I iii? 25 HN 'sg 'X ml Q QM Bw Rpm. .. 4,3 2 'fa J I 5 , v II I 4 M B I I 5 5 T1 I I 4, 2 vi Q I A ,I I III III ,EIII f 4 A of S If I, .5 V .H H W 2 I vw? sf 5 I ,LL ' w Q A SEER I A Jw HWY 'I aww? is gg: III 2 W Q XI. Q5 gh Q II ss ga. sr ,. If ff I f WSI gi I Wig Q. 22 'gm QXJQI Sd .... WJ Q' If W . Q A ll EWU If mm wg - ' kim .Agn ,Q III . 1 W 5 . H is RE I V. gba II W K Ig ,II . 1. Z Ii f Ig. BY E v wg .2 W I ,L I I ,Ii I2 I M R 2 .I I W I If 1 4-1 I H 3 2 S x If T' Ewa wI R J A 2 4 'Ha ' 1 1 X 2 .r F J A II 'QI Q I , f Ii Q H A .Q Q I I. s af Q! f 'I I is 4 V fr R, ,QI mf SQ' I' Q If gg , Ii. + I . I R W I .Q ,. . Igyif ig I if IE? . , I, J.. , A , . A 2 . Q, NI 'EI TI 1If'?'aa"I s 'I II -ing? I I , II I fry 5 Y I I . I I. M, V III? ,In ,II Ii: I, .5 I I M Y I. 5 . I 1 I Id 'X .KH QE? 533' Q +1 R, I I 'E , w 5 ' If 1 Q 3, w E W 'JSA' E if fn Q? Sf I , W fn Ajax? FI ms II 1. ,IIW.I,m W 3. Q 'fymwg I 'V- I 'Sc Q4 gg I In www wk MM esi w ' I 5 VI? ML? VZ , II H nm + 51 W. 4. 9' ,ww 1'II B."ggrI:gm'V' 'K K I, 'J ,uf ,332 M- H, T' A EI .Q Q 'I I 'nw ,7 ' ' mf 'E' ,V . NEW YORK UNIVERSITY C O L L E G E of MEDICINE VOLUME XIV Published by The STUDENTS ASSOCIATION COPYRIGHT-1938 john E. Silson, Editorg William Hoffman, Associate Editorg Ely Perlman, Art Editorg Nathan A. Goldstein, Managing Editorg Nathan H. Shackman, Comptroller . . . IFA IR IEW IIE IL II This MEDICAL VIOLET brings to a close the aca- demic career of the outgoing Senior Class. It is a graphic chronicle of the events of four highly active years of study-of individuals, organiza- tions and occurrences that have given life and color to our preparation for a future vocation. To the Seniors in particular it serves as a souvenir of the most memorable period in our past, an outline of the pleasures and torments experienced during our stay in medical school. In years to come these memories will take on a more hallowed aspect as the events themselves recede into the background of time. In a sense, therefore, the VIOLET acts as a connecting link with the future. Wlio among us will rise to the heights of our profession and become outstanding physicians, surgeons and specialists? Wliich of us will participate in the behind-the-scenes march of medical science? Wlmat changes in medical practice and administration will take place during our lifetime? To these and other questions the future alone holds the answer. We can only say: Good Luck and Farewell! P JIUHN IHHENRY WYQKCPIFIF DIEDIICATIION TO A GREAT TEACHER AND A GREATER MAN AN ADMINISTRATOR SCIENTIST AND FRIEND WHOSE IDEALISM HIGH SENSE OF DUTY DEVOTION AND SINCERITY HAVE BEEN A CONSTANT SOURCE OF INSPIRATION TO THOSE WHO WORKED AND STUDIED UNDER HIM TO HIM WHOSE UNSELFISH AND UNTIRING EFFORTS AIDED IN THE REORGANIZATION AND ADVANCEMENT OF OUR COLLEGE TO HIM WHO HAD RISEN ABOVE THE PETTY PREJUDICES OF RACE AND RELIGION TO HIM WHO HAS EARNED AN UNDYING PLACE IN THE HEARTS OF ALL OF US TO JOHN WYCKOFF THIS 1958 VIOLET IS SINCERELY AND LOVINGLY DEDICATED m gk Bmw may ww H E m ngw mam Q wg5g5mg BREWER m. H QZRZ -an :Em w vga m .Bw Qing W EE :Ehmxm as nm mm mam nm Mai EEE m E Q m 335 gf gm H Nw mm m a mm Epzmsm w m Qing Bin hw m ss Emu na ww m Z mia H ma H WEQQ SWE' Qs: ww aw Hmm wgm EX' xx a K EES KQYQ uma mn nm ws Q E B Sw E EW KE mm 1 HH ., . wxmxg qggnmgiixglgg EEE H in X, mum his -Ss www E ,E K K U mxgu D EW, ZH H EHEXKN z Q5 XV www F EE NE UQ Ks ,B I w w- HW fx 5-A M ,E -sg? nm 3 H- x H -gs .,5A E .:Hm?Q z Thqagg , g1Eh"n-aw " B W B Q. E mn xii- mfis ss 11 3.5 5- E528 K ss 5 ,I sf-2 w K6 an mi -m 1-m Q gm Hmmm N QT :sn 2 mn. T M M H. Q- H Fm 355 Emu H W4 ,Kgs E I H N HM W: N35 M NSN M E BHE,M'm axgs 5EKm??iHFm'v sgmwaaug BSE W :H 1 . Mmgpm me mr,m'E'g2 H ,N W.. I KK E gym 5 gfmgggg gg BSSKFH U . M E, awash M Wana? EU . U H W M W.-ying? xi gigm -mmgiymim H 5 H Q 4 Hy E TQWHHQEAE H H- BA-X H W H .gE,Hm ks az M KF' an M H wg' f ANN., smggmz E EXE ma :B msgsvmn 3, M153 . Q EQ EA 5555 Kgs iii m HE fiEEE,L3xME W A E mn nm nm ma nm -w mm an F mm m El? mem sa 2 H, N56 x-. E m my msg- gg? EB 2 mf Hawes 4 m K E SQ V Ein Him xsiix m gm -HE my E EBSQ-QQ E ,ig 1 E :asa mga mms EE mx a .ag BSE Q H ia saga my gm! 5555 may HARRY WOODBU N CHASE CIHIANQEILILOR DEAN A x-7 ia V55 5 m"S8s'3T?m'm 'i 5 es, M 59 SS 53 I HB was V Sl '1 w Mm E Hr E si n E 1 KE gain, Rox JOHN H. MULHOLLAND Assistant Dean GEORGE B WALLACE Chairman of Student Welfare Committee STUDENT HEALTH R' KEITH CANNAN Charles A. R. Connor Chairman of Examining Board of the Faculty Adolph R. Berger s . gf , 'af ' rn gl B A.. Q 1 "a ft-f Hs f M ,K -la m W fi wat M , ku ww Mm ,.-A fi lggvgfiyrgg E. .1 ' :ld ni EMANUEL D. FRIEDMAN . EDGAR S. TILTON Student Welfare Committee .mm-mu. ,W :kd mrs susan: .w W E ' -, ss ,sf H- ss sms ss n . asm mu. W, ss ER Secretary 4? -Q.. 'yrs EGBERT LE FEVRE MEMORIAL LIBRARY Helen R. Bayne, Libmriazz Catherine Doremus Gladys Codlin P" ll ll ' liligz H ftp nu n'if?: ' nik s . un Q yi... A un ' n H f uv. , 5 m v , lim uv.. 7' l 3' 1 mf E J' 5, F 'F .W we f I Q o 'S are if I 'll if I Hman KX XSS Maw 1 .lf is Q51 HM! 'ua 1' J! ll wr, I ju " ,r qw, ll fl, ff ' lfifgf L . u n lljuil , Af 'Ny xiii-Ki .A- "'W"' 1 ' ' . ..,.: nu ffr fp uxyn nf, f ff' I' Il ANATOMY Donal Sheehan Profeuor and Director of Afzatomiml Laboratories Bertram G. Smith Edwin M. Shearer Pr0fe.r.ror Auociale Profe.r.ror I 1z.vtrz1ctor.r Garrnan H. Daron Cornelius T. Kaylor Wendell S. Krieg A new vigor and a new accent dominate the anatomy laboratories, which do not even look the same. In lectures, splendid organization makes everything seem easy, but the ischiorectal fossa is still the same dim dark disoriented mystery. we E ui as -ET ,., . ..,.,., 3 :X an EN. BACTERIOLOGY Willimn S. Tillett Profeffor and Director of Bdcleriologiml Lrzboratoriex Julius A. Klosterrnan Arfofiaie Professor Ilzftnzrtorf C. Chester Stock Norma, C, Styron Arrimzfztf jacob H. Milstone George J. Stein Willard F. Verwey In a dim room, bristling with pipettes and phenol jars, straining students spy out "the million murdering deaths". In vocal competition, in opposite corners of the room, harassed instructors harangue their groups, who with studied terror handle the infamous bacteria. Disarming are J. Kfs lectures, but the grimness of Topley and Wilson remain. as CHEMISTRY R. Keith Cannan Proferror and Director of Chemical Laboratories Isidor Greenwald Milton Levy Arrociate Proferror Arrirlanl Proferror Albert H. Palmer Julius Redish Robert C. Warner I nrlmclar Arrirtmzl Fellow These laboratories are the scene of loud sounds and loud smells-for there is always more life than chemistry in biochemistry. Inured to sudden terrors, students hardly blink at ominous notices to appear before even the Lord High Executioner. DERMATOLOGY AND SYPHILOLOGY Howard Fox Edward R. Maloney Profenor Arsociate Profe.r.var Clinical Profefronr Frank C. Combes Harry C. Saunders Mihran B. Parounagian Louis Tulipan Arrirtmzt Clinical P1'ofe.f.r0rr Paul E. Bechet Emanuel Muskatblit Leo Spiegel Louis Schwartz Lecturer Izzrtrzzclorf Isidor Apfelberg William H. Cameron Clinton H. Martin David Bloom William Director Timothy Riordan Samuel Irgang Arriftafztr Maurice Costello Evan W. Thomas Eugene F. Traub Dr. Fox . . . a hue gentleman and a true scholar. Classical culture flourishes in these haunts-Greek and Latin terms delight the ear. Skin lesions from Abyssinia to Zanzibar. "They're all professors here." MEDICINE joseph E. Connery Arthur C. DeGraHF Proferror of Clinical Pathology Profermr of Clinical Medirine Proferrorr of Cliniral Medicine I. Burns Amberson, Jr. Mills Sturtevant Arrirtant Proferrorr Clarence E. de la Chapelle? Currier McEwen Elaine P. Ralli Asrirtarzt Proferwrr of Clinical Medirine William Goldring Evan W. McLave Norman jolliffe Milton B. Rosenbluth 4' Acting Chairman of the Department of Medicine for 1937-1938. The rock pile-with the arrival of the musical resident-the salt mines. Where any admission means myriads of sheets: remember the diabetic, arthritic cardiac who got that G. I. workup. Personalities: cool, calm and collected Ralli ffour-Plus glycosurogenicjg Block-the student's palg gentleman M. S. Browng fine clinicians-Sturtevant, Rosenbluth, McLaveg perennial-treatment Aaron Browng twelve-minutes-for lunch C. de la C. of the infectious gring B-flat Brahmsg non-committal fask Miss Waltersj McEwen-does not take streptolysin seriouslyg Bullow's amaz- ing dictiong Wild Bill fwhat's the blood pressure?j Goldring. Golden Rule: the C. C. is usually fnot alwaysj wrong. ,Missa ' H naamg - mms a aaa Wmxgxxmrusm V wang M- was SS Q H 3 H '21 as QE H. aa s a he at? ea ' 't - '51 H E Q B H a if if. a if ...iz -1 mg.-as . Q , H 5 ,. .. .. I if ra me ug 5 Ji. m 5 SS is H B XS B is if a a a s a a X a a a a Si Zi R! B a a s a a a a a a N s a M is a sf E E . M a W T ' . :ff P as W 5 F . a H .2 - H Baggage if - 2' H it 1 5 ' 'A mf H a Q - H k ,Q v gg-3 gi g H H ., Q it W is 2 Q 5 W ? a -. K- H . 251 M as-W 3 'a..:::::::"efg I a 2 Q ' li . if H H H Q Q 'gl W if R s -:-A.. . :.: .-, - Nam . .,.,.,........ . I.. ... E. , - EM sea " 5:5 is . a a I, . H H ' 'I - 1 'H H a s a , . E a an V, 1 5 H H H " Q. . a K 5 gs , . it an .W in af . , is - was ana me, . si- 1 V J 9 ig if Z 'wt 5 K A : :. 91- ....... Y ,Q , , is F ig if y W ,bf -gHguai32Q?i, CLINICAL PATHOLOGY fMediCineJ Clinical Profermrf Simon R. Blatteis Albert A. Epstein Luther B. Mackenzie jesse G. M. Bullowa Isadore W. Held Thomas Martin Affiriant Clinical Prafer.r0:'J Aaron Brown William H. Lewis, jr. Robert P. Wallace Oswald N. LaRotonda Harry A. Solomon Lilian C. Warnshuis William Bierman Leonard J. Goldwater Aniftanl Cliniral Profeymr of Tberapenliry Lerlnrer on Indnflrial Medifine Inrtrnctorr Morris Block Max P. Cowett Evan W. Thomas Herbert Chasis Delavan V. H. Holman Clifford G. Weston Israel Steinberg Inrlrnclonr in Clinical Medicine A Emanuel Appelbaum Irving Ehrenfeld Max Trubek Marshall S. Brown, Jr. Arnold Koffler Frederick W. Williams Eugene Calvelli john E. Sawhill J. Allen Yager ' Iizrlrfzciorr in Cliniral Pathology Benjamin Dubovsky Harry Most Floyd C. Raymond Inrtrnctor in Therapezzliar Concentration in mind, form and matter is the keynote of this compact department. And at the low tables, on chairs too high, students query for exactitudes. Here are the manifold criteria and the manifold diagnoses, each possible until the history gives it all away. And pointing the way at all times, that wicked, straitlaced forelinger fit isn't the size that countsj. A Lam L . l R l THERAPEUTICS fMedicinej Irving Appelbaum Adolph R. Berger Anthony Bianco Harold Brancleleone Isidor J. Brightman Frederick E. K. Clarke Samuel Feuerstein Harold S. Goldberg Philip Goldstein A.r.ri.ffa11tJ Frederick R. Brown Joseph J. Bunim Sidney Cohen Charles A. R. Connor David H. Goldstein Robert S. Goodhart Assistant! in Clinical Medicine Samuel B. Levy Bruno A. Marangoni William B. Prout George P. Robb Arsirlantf in Clinical Pathology Einar G. Gustafson Philip M. joffe Charles E. Kossmann I. Ernest Nadler Solomon H. Rubin Harry H. Shilkret Arthur Stern Abraham O. Tumen Louis D. Zeidberg Ethyl Greenwald Ringer Margaret Tewksbury Fellowf in Medififze Gerald Flaum Gerald Friedman Lela I.. Greenwald Robert A. Lehman Auirtant in Thefapezzticr Fellow iiz Tberapeutirr Dr. DeGraff-who would probably prefer teaching the students to shagg Dr. Bierrnan's gruesome gadgetsg the mysteries of a diabetic diet for an under- nourished lcardiacg vaccines, antitoxins, sera-all the biological terrors in creationg the best medicine, after all is said and done, is psychotherapy. N E U R O L O G Y Emanuel D. Friedman Profeuor Samuel Brock S. Bernard Wortis Arfociale Professor Arrirtaxzt Professor Harold R. Merwarth Aaron,Bell Clinical Profefror Izzrtrzzctor Afxifiarztr Henry S. Millett Mary E. O'Sullivan Helen J. Rogers Isidore I. Neistadt joseph W. Owen Alexander Wolf Medicine for Art's sake. Fine gentlemen and scholars, led by the erudite E. D. and bolstered by the humor of Brock fhave you got 112, and practicality of Wortis. The intellectual side of medicine-where the algebraic sum of two signs should equal a diagnosis. As Strumpell has said . . . OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY William E. Studdiford Howard C. Taylor, Jr. P1'0f-'?JJOf' Arroriate P1'ofe.r.r0r Henry C. Falk Frederick C. Freed George L. Bowen Henry T. Burns Endre K. Brunner Louis A. Bunim Gerhard Ahnquisttl' Louis C. Blaha Irving Chrisman Joseph DePietro William Filler 'F' Arrigned to Paihology. Cliuiml Proferrorr Onslow A. Gordon, jr. Arrirlrzfzt Clizzirfzl Proferrors Claude E. Heaton David N. Barrows Lecturer Iizrtructoiu Myron E. Goldblatt W. Spencer Gurnee Herman H. Lardaro Arrirlfuztr J. Landau Gepfert Frederick F. Kortlucke Ernst W. Kulka john S. Labate Louis Langman Edwin W. Holladay Francis W. Sovak Sophia J. Kleegman Arthur M. Reich Mortimer D. Speiser Irwin Wellen Louis Newton Georgia Reid Hyram P. Salter Eugron N. Scadron Melvin L. Stone OBS-where the crisp white uniform makes one feel like a doctor but the lab work suggests B-6. That first scrub-done so well-but finished in time to hold the fundus. RBC's, hematocrits, intravenous punctures and gastric analyses O. D. or until the patient signs out A. O. R. GYN-depending on Harlem transfers. Diagnosis P.I.D. until proved otherwise. That consolation prize: for the record number of admissions. Sump- tuous suppers in the basement, and "Call for K-2" at 3 A.M. Personalities: Studdiford's restless lecturing, and whistling while he operatesg Reich's eighteen raucous reasons for prenatal careg Heaton's depre- cationsg Goldblatt's well-documented sessions g take-it-easy Freedg Taylor's informative talksg soft-spoken Brunner. OPHTHALMOLOGY Webb W. Weeks Edward B. Gresser Profersor Arririant P1'0f8.l'.l'Qf Arfirtant Cliniml P1'ofeJ.rorr Sigmund A. Agatston William B. Doherty Ralph I. Lloyd Lecturer ' Ifzrtrzzclom Fritz Bloch Bernard Fread Loren P. Guy Sidney A. Fox Isidore Givner Arno E. Town Arrimuztr ' Donald W. Bogart james T. Jarrott Most encyclopedic of them all-sixty pages per throw. Amazing operations which do remarkable things for inexplicable reasons. Who knows anything about the muscle actions? About refraction? Torturing patients to see the fundi-what are the changes in leprosy? Distinguished personalities-remarkable mustaches. Is it required that one write upside down and backwards to be an eye man? Don't sell your ophthalmoscope-you'll learn to use it yet! ORTHOPEDIC SURGERY Q Arthur Krida joseph Buchman ' Proferlror Arrirlmzt Clinical Profeuor l1z.rtruclo1'.r john C. McCauley, Jr. Philip Palew William A. Walker Arrirtmzts Mortimer D. Abrashkin Albert Schein Mario E. Stella Where surgery is an art. His name breathes serenityg his manner of speech fits his specialty-three years is a quick cure. The smoothest bedside manner yet-any woman under 'ninety-five is a young lady. His startlingly penetrating witg slow needle, well turned trocar. Bei mir bist du "Slaandf". PATHOLOGY Douglas Symmers Proferror and Director of Pathological Lahoratorier Irving Graef Arrociate Profenor and Arrirtazzt Director of Pathological Lahoratorier Sigmund Wilens Arrirtarzt Pro ferror Lewis D. Stevenson Clarence E. de la Chapellea' Arsirtazzt Proferror of Neuropathology Arrirtafzt Proferror of Medicine Alfred Plaut Charles G. Darlington LECIIITEI' in Pathology Lecturer in Dental Pathology I11.rt1'11clor.r 1 Eugene Clark William C. Hutcheson Antonio Rottino Wallace B. Murphy? Anna M. Allen Itzrtructor itz Surgery Izzitructor in Nefzropathology William Kaufmann Gerhard Ahnquistat Arriftarzt in Pathology Arrirtafzt in Ohriretricr and Gynecology 'F Arrigned to Pathology. "Now, if you will all take a breath, we will swing to the next trapezef' And with casual iinesse, Professor Graef takes his disciples from pathological high bar to high bar, and never a net below. A few spins around, let us say, the nephritides, a few occasional remarks "to confuse you even more", and there is Professor Wilens to take up the slack, with insidious Whimsy. With Dr. Kaufman, too, a fact is a fact until the next disillusioning sentence. Gross and micro, slide reports and protocols, lectures, conferences and quizzes-is it a wonder one gets dizzy? Edith M. Lincoln Hugh Chaplin Gaylord W. Graves Samuel D. Bell Elizabeth T. Andrews Ruth M. Bakwin Louis Berlinrood Irving Claman Katharine G. Dodge Herbert L. Elias Eleanor Adler Nils Bolduan Dorothy G. Deitrick George B. Dorff PEDIATRICS Charles Hendee Smith Proferfor Arririafzt Pr0fe5.r0r.f Harry Bakwin Clinical Pl'0f6J'J'0l'.l' Alexander T. Martin Giuseppe Previtali Arrirlazzt Clinical Proferrorr joseph Goldstein I1zrtrmlor.r Alice L. A. Gilbert Harold jacobziner Jerome L. Kohn jacques M. Lewis Lillian Milgram Rosa Lee Nemir Jean I-I. Pattison Arrirtafzlr Alfred E. Fisher Harold R. Fox Lewis Jacobs Lucy P. Sutton Bret Ratner Edward S. Rimer Frank MacLean Antoinette Raia Richard Schorr Gertrude M. Shults Reuben Turner Stanley M. Wershof Blandina Worcester Leo Jenkins Margaret H. McKee Dabney Moon-Adams Eli Rubenstein No stool-no .fclaool will not be mentioned except to say that nobody be- lieves it. Certainly Ruth Bakwin does notg but Harry Bakwin never agrees with anybody. Personalities: thoroughly clinical, feet-on-the-ground Charles Hendee Smithg the amazing Drs. Bakwin-scientists extraordinaryg drawling Graves g carefree Chapling bouncing Berlinroodg that fine cardiology trust: Sutton, Dodge and Wheatong Gypsy Rose Lee. The galaxy of lady interns turns our head. PREVENTIVE MEDICINE Harry S. Mustard Hermczmz M. Biggr Proferror and Director of the Laborczlorier of Pre11enti1xe Medicine Adolph Jacoby Lecturer Someone remarks: "Ah, a course with Franklin D. Roosevelt once a weekf, And in truth, our suave and most eloquent ora- tor runs the gamut in bell-like tones from anopheles to biostatistics, liberally embel- lished with his keen and caustic humor. FORENSIC MEDICINE Harrison S. Martland Alexander O. Gettler Proferror Proferror of Toxicology Douglas Symmers Thomas A. Gonzales Professor of Pathology Associate Proferror Arriitant Profe.r.rorJ Milton Helpern Armin V. St. George Benjamin M. Vance I1z.rtrz1clo1'r Kurt E. Lande Rudolph M. Paltauf Murder, rape, garrotting, drowning, carbon monoxide . . . six ways in which a bullet can kill . . . the minute details of a clever stab wound . . . axe-murders done with despatch-through it all Dr. Gonzales taking facts apart scientifically and Dr. Martland talking through one side of his mouth with a cigarette in the other. Slides to illustrate anything and everything. PHARMACOLOGY George B. Wallace P1'0f8J'J0l'.f and Director of Pharmacological Laboralorier Richard C. de Bodo Afroriate Proferror Amadeo S. Marrazzi Bernard B. Brodie Instructor Arrirtafzt A mysterious and aloof science, with perfect' organization, exact demon- stration, and swift retribution in weekly quiz sections. Kind Professor Wallace and stern Professor Bodo, with a blend in Dr. Marrazzi, provide ample mental occupation-but the only sufferers are the dogs. PHYSIOLOGY Homer W. Smith Profenor and Director of Pbyriologiral Laboratories Arrociate P1'ofe.rJ0r.r Dugald E. S. Brown James A. Shannon Imlrzzrlorr Irvin M. Korr Robert F. Pitts Hilmert A. Ranges Arrixtmzt Fellowr Rudolph V. Naumann Willie W. Smith When muscle-nerve gets too exciting, and circulation-respiration makes the breath come quick, there is always metabolism to lie down on-perfect except for the mouthpiece. A drama in many scenes, directed by a gentleman, scientist, lecturer, author and traveller, acted by experimental animals: frogs, cats and humans. Arrirlant Clinical Profermrr PSYCHIATRY Karl M. Bowman Profe.r.r0r of Pryfhialry Paul F. Schilder Lauretta Bender Reyearrb P1'0f6.fJ'0i' Clinical Profenor Walter Bromberg Frank Curran Milton Abeles Benjamin Apfelberg Abram Blau Hyman F ingert Dorothy Harpham Ruth Beebe Nathaniel Ross I azrtrzzctorr Carter N. Colbert Sylvan Keiser Sam Parker Auirtmztx Leo L. Orenstein Fellow: Bettina Warburg David Wechsler Frederic Wertham Hyman L. Rachlin Charles Thompson Herman Wortis Daniel E. Schneider Zuleika Yarrell Joseph Wortis The home of the rave and the land of the screwee. Sexuality starts in utero, and never leaves us, even in our sleep. Fascinating drama upon the stage of life, with the actors often unconscious of their artistry, sometimes directing the show themselves. Schilcler-'nuf saidg always gets his psyche. You love ze muzzer or ze mouse? F wfrnfnv- U .Le . ,. Rag! 5 'I P -:agar it as ifam- MQ m-is :E as H . :Iwi B Lay: me a B-m BEER E is fi w it ,rms 1: va 883.51-vs Qt? is wi mn ,Aiwa Eiga is Gia :ws Q B ii- HERB lei-e .wr K m . ia: -. m B 1 , B- HB is ,fa RAD I O L O GY I. Seth Hirsch Profeffor Charles Gottlieb Abraham L. Greenfield Afrirtafzl Profeyror Leclzzrer on Dental Radiology Imtrzzctorr Henry A. Barrett Sidney Gross Abraham V. Shapiro Elmer M. Claiborne Maxwell H. Poppel Samuel E. Sinberg Lewis,J. Friedman Jesse J. Serwer Jesse D. Stark Myron M. Schwarzschild Samuel S. Wald Izzflrzzrtor in Pbyficf in Radiology Irzflrzzctor in Denial Radiology Arrirtarztr William Gersh Raphael Schillinger Where the ethnological and atavistic characteristics of a Roentgen film are apt to be discussed. The simplicity of an X-ray until you try to read it yourself. Personalities: Dr. Hirsch delivering all-embracing lectures with Tinkle Bell and millions of slidesg Dr. Gottlieb, gentleman and teacher su- premeg Dr. Schwarzschild slinging atomic physics and quantum mechanics above the snores of the multitude assembled. S U R G E R Y Arthur M. Wright George David Stewarl Proferror Robert P. Wadhams Frank W. CoTui Proferror of Clinical Surgery Auociate Profe.r.for W. Howard Barber Fenwick Beekman Carl G. Burdick' William T. Doran Anthony S. Bogatko Victor Carabba Thomas Galvin Francis M. Harrison Meyer Kutisker Emery A. Rovenstine Proferror of Anaertlzeria Clinical Proferrorr john Douglas Carl Eggers Ira I. Kaplan George A. Koenig Arsirtrznt Clinical Louis C. Lange john A. Lawler, Jr. Edward M. Livingston john H. Mulholland of Experinzenlal Surgery Arthur S. McQuillan Otto C. Pickhardt DeWitt Stetten Charles W. Walker " Joseph Nash john Nelson Harry A. D. O'Connor Samuel Standard I-Iippolyte M. Wertheim The Wright course of the fourth year. Fine diagnostic conferences, where under Dr. Wright's guidance the diagnosis is obvious. Excellent clinics, at which our classmates reach new heights of verbosity. Those busy weeks on Third and lazy days on Fourth. Who can guard the prognosis better than Wadhams, or perform more surgical tricks than Carabba? Innumerable personalities: caustic Kutisker fits a long time in Chinaj, stolid Barber, humble Standard, competent Livingston, Murphy with his famous giant cell, incomparable Ira Kaplan, confident Samuels-ad iniinitum. mesa M on .Q he E fl R' 3 f 1 l Q i C i, . I fs. ' ff EXPERIMENTAL SURGERY qsufgeryp Philip D. Allen john V. Bohrer Lester Breidenbach Reynold E. Church joseph Croce C. joseph Delaney Edward V. Dennee Eilif C. Hanssen I1 Norman I-Iiginbotham J. William Hinton I fzrtructorr Francis Huber Elmer I. Huppert Vansel S. johnson Kenneth M. Lewis Merrill D. Lipsky Arthur MacLean, jr. Roland L. Maier Attillio Milici john H. Morris Samuel Mufson john R. Murphys: Wallace B. Murphy Richard O'Connell Joseph R. Shaeffer Benjamin G. P. Shahrolf Irwin E. Siris Henry Stanford John E. Sullivan D. Wheeler Sweeney joseph Welling H. Lynn Wilson Charles L. Burstein Wilfred J. Ruggiero Ifzmvlclor in Aizaertberia I7Z..l'l'l'llCl0l' in Experimefzlal Sfzrgery 'F Arrigrzed lo Pathology Ruggiero of the long stogy and the graceful knot, tied in all possible places and conditions. "It's easy enough to tie this rope, but how about a length of O0 chromic, with slippery gloves?" That gastro-jejunal anastomosis that looked line until attached to the faucet. The shuddering final oral exam. SURGERY fContinuedj Raymond N. Allen Demetrius K. Apostle Charles P. Aquavella Albert J. Bajohr Clyde N. Baker Adalberto Barroso-Bernier Edgar H. Bates Christopher A. Beling Nicholas A. Bertha joseph R. Bierman Henry Blum Frances H. Bogatko Sylvester A. Catalanello Samuel L. Chase Ralph E. Conant Arrirtazztr Edward D'Arata Emil J. Delli Bovi Theodore H. Elsasser Charles R. Feingold joseph D. Ferrara Arthur H. Glick Valentine F. Goepfert Paul W. Haley Stuart Z. Hawkes T. Campbell Hooton Henry S. Huber David Kershner Harold Koppleman Benjamin Lipschitz Gerald C. Maglio john Adriani Fellow ifz Azzaeftlaeyia Fellow: in Experivzezztal SllI'g67'y John J. McKenna Anthony A. Mira Bernard Nemoitin Howard W. Nottley James A. Ramsay Arthur A. Rosenthal Rieva Rosh Sidney Rubenfeld Abraham M. Sands Isabel M. Scharnagel Lee Solworth Robert E. Waldron Cyrus E. Warden V. Leonard Williams Harry Zimmerman Jonas Salk George Zippert OTO-RHINO-LARYNGOLOGY J. Winston Fowlkes P1'0fEJ'J'0l' I. Swift Hanley Arthur J. Huey Arrimznt Clizziml P1'ofe.rJm' Lecturer' I fzrlrzzciorr Gerard H. Cox William M. Dick Harold Liggett Samuel J. Apfel Robert Gewanter Alfred Kornblut Ashby G. Martin john Miller Eugene H. Moyle Edgar M. Pope Arrirtazztr Frank I. Raffalle Maxwell D. Ryan jackson A. Seward james B. Shannon J. Dashiel Whitham Nelson W. Sisson Joseph L. Szekely Van Rensselaer Voislawsky The most convenient way of inflicting punishment on your best friend- remember laryngoscopy. Foremost exponent of the mystic Yogi words: ventila- tion and drainage. Technique down to a fine point, and only practice makes perfect. What to do until the doctor comes! UROLOGY Meredith F. Campbell Walter H. McNeill, jr. P1'ofe.r.r0r Cliniml Profemor I fzrtrlzcforr George A. Cashman Herman Horn S. Sym Newman E. Craig Coats Robert S. Hotchkiss Andrew Peterson Dean Makowski Arrirlfznff Alan F. Bierhoi Wolfgang A. Casper Much sound fFrench 18j and fury. Home of the prostatic massage, the Bellevue bridge, and other complications. Reliable sources inform us that student morality has received a real uplift from this department-the Wages of sin . . . "These are all doctors here." fsicj T ll-II IE R U A I by GEORGE DAVID STEWART High road, low road, all roads lead to Rome: But the luring, laughing, beckoning road Is the road that leads back home: Level lights along the fields, ebbing tides of day Pouring through the Western Strait, in the East the grey Wave of night on-rushing fast, crested with darkening foam And then, O wanderer, at last, the lights, the loves of home. Thy hand in my hand forever and a day, Down the street, beyond the town, half the world away, Tinkling bells against the dawn, winds across the plain, Turn while hurrying on and on to kiss you, love again, White nights, laughing days, wherever we may roam, For all Thy ways are heavenly ways, and every trail leads home 514152.9r51?5raf:-rv:fa:'F11:a:f2P:f:af:v-::-:fr-.--... . . . ??Eg5i::::235:fgga:4:31511-+?5,:?Q::5-i:f:::13522:g2.s,3?:'gw2:g3S,5i:3i::g:.-.-1....-.-..., .,, --- .------.--:.- .'-rpg-L-1:2-1..'.-.' gr:1f.,.-g:'-..'- - : :. 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A -----12-..-..:.-52.3.-21.14-..'rP:-'1-'-1-:gr .-'r-:-.-.-I.:--1.-:g:--fe: A le.-C pizx, . .mr-,za-:Ia-1'Z!'2Mh'3:4f3:Si:-wziiiihlfiiffl +2 2-' RE - . .,,..fu..z-.-ce-rizasizii Q ...-117-1. -35- Q No more reprefentative a perfon could have been chofen to pay tribute to Dr. Wyckoff and act as spokesman for his coantlefx friendx and afsociatex than Dr. Alfred E. Cohn, of the Rockefeller Inxtitnte for Medical Research, intimate friend and asfociate of Dr. Wyckoff for over thirty years. The ad- drexs way delivered hefore the alumni on Alumni Day, Fehrn- ary 22, 1938, and ix reprinted here in ity entirety. JOH HE RY WYCKOFF HAVE COME to pay tribute to the memory of a remarkable man. I knew john Wlyckoff ll in many of the relations common' among men in our profession-as a man, as a friend, as a scholar. I called him jack, as did all his friends, perhaps especially his older friends. That that was natural, bears eloquent testimony to the human and humane qualities with which the diverse aspects of our lives became invested. To john Wyckoi to be human was to err. That conviction provided the latitude which, added to the inelastic rectitude of his own nature, made communication with him on the part of lesser men-not so much possible, but a benediction. I am certain that many men, to obtain his approbation, lived lives on levels they would not otherwise have attained. His sympathy with general human failing saved him from a sense of superiority and the rest of us from a sense of condescen- sion. If I say that to me he seemed great in character, I say no more than I mean. But if I fail to suggest the delightfulness of his companionability, the impression I am convey- ing falls short of reality. Wyckod was born in the Madras presidency flndiaj and came of a missionary family. For those of us to whom nurture, like Matthew Arnold's conduct, is two-thirds of life, it is natural to derive the elevation of his moral nature from the inliuences of his early environment. A sense of responsibility, a feeling of obligation to leave his own world better than he found it, was a passion he did not so much express, though he did that too, as made evident to the observers of his career, in the course along which he steered his life. Innumerable acts along that course serve the function of buoys that indicate the channel along which he sailed his craft. A sense of responsibility-a feeling of obligation. These qualities are not enough, however, with which to characterize his deep-lying motives. Wfyckoff was a profoundly purposeful man. He loved men and beyond that, he loved justice among men. Good intentions, he required. Once he was convinced they had that, equality of opportunity, irrespective of race, creed, or color, were not merely conventional, obfuscating terms. Fair dealing was for him an obsessing reality. If he had no presenti- ments beyond the immediate implications of these views, it was because he did not choose to explore them, believing as I know he did, that to attempt to foresee, in the too distant future, all the consequences of his acts, was to subordinate the impulse of generosity, to the chilling edfect of design. He had a shrewd sense that in certain regions of behavior "diplo- macy is too much for man." To act as these beliefs required him to act was to exhibit how a nobleman fulfilled the function of a democrat. A world fashioned after his pattern would be a tolerable place in which to live. He carried his general intentions in respect to living, into his professional existence. He meant to leave that better than he found it-in practice, in educaton, which is prepa- ration for practice, in his care of the public health, which is practice for the common man, and in research, which is preparation, ultimately, for practice. I am certain the possession of power was not a dominant motive with him. The pos- session of power was mere incident to his purpose. I have never heard that he exercised it except with the utmost restraint. I have never heard that men regarded his use of it in any sense other than benevolent. As proof, I can cite the unusual size of his following among his younger colleagues. To them, to be one of WyckoE's men meant, not the limi- fC0nIinzzed 072 page 177D f?'7"ia? - l . if ,I '4-f "r ' - ' -1 - JI ' fkdmwyfzfff- -f . f"'ff,j,,.. 4 Wy, ff" ,ir vw." f?f'fIf tai -g rffz- "YW, f,fQ aff. XY g fy .,, in aj AV, .l ff vez 4 f if Za? - 4 1,1 1.7. 4' 4 Ay", fl. --I Z ,f N , I K f K IWORRIIS IKRAIFTVMWN '38 It is with deep sorrow that the Class of 1958 approaches graduation without the presence of Morris Kraftman. It was at the successful completion of his second year at medical school that illness overtook him. A graduate of Seth Low junior College of Columbia University, where he had been active in extra-curricular affairs, Editor of the Seth Low Scotia, and an honor student, he had enjoyed the esteem and respect of his colleagues in medical school. His never-ceasing wonder at the phenomena of nature, and his mature consideration and deliberate treatment of the problems that confronted him would surely have made him an excellent physician and, above all, a Man. If v M.- if 'S K x. 2 eff-ah E5 iff 'K 3 4 Tl l t I 04 EPNJMF , Z b if , x, 4 1 1 TGPIBY With the passing of William "Toby" Snyder, one of the few remaining connecting links between the old and the present traditions of the school was severed. For "Toby" delighted in reminiscing-and he always had a circle of eager listeners about him. During the forty-odd years of his stay, the majority of the present faculty passed before him in review both as students and as instructors and administrators later on. He knew them all-advised them and "kidded" them with his yarns and his "tips" on coming examinations. No greater tribute could have been paid him than the statement of the late Dr. George David Stewart that "Toby" "stood in loco pureiztir for all of us." S E VW? IXIICD F' K m ,A nm gsm mms w H m w swim ska mn Q . Am a m w ., as W w Q r sm sm vsya Nia sigma 'H S- mwg sm ,v N mmm ww 1 m u H x mmm n wa: nm m E HHH wa vmxm 'Z maxim-rx mix' mu nazi .ms H. M , an Alfred Aldo Alessi, B.A. City Hofpitfzl, N. Y. C., N. Y. Friends of the I.eFevre Library Lambda Phi Mu Colgate, 1935 Seymour Martin Albert, B.A. Lawrefzce 45 .Memorial A New London, Comz. Phi Delta Epsilon Mor. H orpilalr N. Y. U., 1955 I Sidney Lewis Arje, B.A. Fordham Hofpilal, New York N. Y. U., 1934 Louis Bernhard Arnoldi, B.S Sozzlbern Baplixt, New O1'lem2J, La. . Phi Beta Pi Missouri, 1934 is sm nk is s page sms is is s 58.38 fa is wh s is a M is as ,LJ H N an xx xc Nm is I w Howard Taft Behrman, B.A. Beth Lrrael Hafpital, N-ew York Phi Delta Epsilon Pennsylvania, 1953 Frances Bailen, B.S. Bellevue Hofpital, New York Member of Council QU Simmons, 1 930 H Y 1 E Q vm W B H B 'H ., Vi N H gg, ,im H H E if H H H M . , H M H n 11 in 21-mm-E ms Emfm-ni 1 5 if in mm W is W H H I Sf 51 . -Si H H M .. H EL. W M MM mm Li ss 'H Q Q. Wi, M gm PEM H si W W mi Him is H H , W H ,H H- Q4 sf .Hilo wa vi - 2 rim' VB ' W . 'xg' H mi. E . BA My im E H H H Mg U Win H ga 1 A W,- H. H Ml. Vs In ,S . E E , , X f W , if H "H wxygw Q M if MSB an -if was iiemnw ffiwww im E w mn wuz Exams sem,-L -an Q sum Ex 3 5 Ham :H E 'Ima is a mx a . H gm ww. is 35 WW-is M U My wwf: Www ww ' ma, .M gi- vig xfggiiwggfmfzgswmwa my E is sz .-Emma my as Ragga am is ss ww' may I ma E H M my K - M . W, H L, gi., iiimmfiims gwigsvvmiglfggg " Wm. -W " Z , V , " E H Q . TEE., is im V ' gsm,-gf Q . . 5 W 'JW' gif EEE! , mgfgiw M as-mu, H EB B QQ ,. ww. H Milam H E H Q lik, is E . 'fs 1 a gsm mm an sim Isidor Bernstein, B.A. Bronx Hofpilal, New York Class Secretary f3, 4j Violet and Bulletin Staff f3, 4j Sigma Omega Psi N. Y. U., 1934 " K 3. H. N aaa as unseat i-E is ,. Philip Berwick, B.s. Lincoln H oxpiml, New York Friends of the LeFevre Library American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1932 nal Maxwell Binder, B.S. N. Y. Pail-Gradlzale Hofpilnl, New York Phi Beta Kappa Sigma Omega Psi C. C. N. Y., 1933 Bernard Bloom B.A. S 9 Cumberlmzd Hoxpital, Brooklyn, N. Y. Sigma Omega Psi . N. Y. U., 1955 'B 5.4 s m m m Q H n -.: E ' . .Baa-ga .mai L- H kt. N : .EYE "V 'v -1 -, n awww?--I axlzahmgiagsgg B-,.. ww . E EL 3,1 3 E E I , m , - l B aigggigg gg 51: ,f-. ' a..'.u :' .sqv vm Q M252 EL 'sz Solomon Breenberg, B.S. Harlem Hospital, New York Phi Beta Kappa A N. Y. U., 1954 4 f Herbert A. Brendler, B Sydenham Hofpital, New Y Columbia, 1934 .A ark s 'E Y' E kd . H E ww W ,ugyf E ww KWH W E eu . 'E .shin Em 'EEE H S8 M mgm gl K 'Qmipi 'ww vgwsgasmfg H WE B B B mm ma W MH My W M, E, g an 55 B B na -YKHEEHVQ AWE 4:1 B5 if mx E 5 5' H san na 'Was H5 Q . 5 m EEQN HQ, EE is ms ss nm .av Alex Charlton, B.S. Morrixafzia City Hofpitnl, Bronx, N. Y b Medical Psychology Clu Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1933 or sr I S X- 1:-rl ma-:mu ,. mf B nm lm -ss -H NWQFXE m-migsamwezmilgw mn ma Q- Q-ss eww L-,mu Q ss-H We ,-.ix M 1-W mm HRH,-N, W N E me .L ss QE ww STEEL5-Xlsm-HM?-E may-Q B, H we MSM: W Haggis wfsgl-5555.55 1 WB B W'QWQgm?bVmaggie, if fggwnigmfm---mgfxuzwsz unsmggnm "fm sang Sf: H will Lsmwxlm A H we-ww Hg Q ra E my -mwmsmzagnl -an Hams A-mm:-'wa .1 H is me amalgam www News was H is nm mmm mms A-me swam: MESS E BSS H mms Elm ms lm E B L. Q SSE E E S815 E E N ms lm H M H ,I H: my me H gg E H SSE X8 SSE msgs B W me :ln- mms Wana ,mask- M m'sm r ' " xxn1mmEm'mxlAm ' f , Y , 1 .mn mn . mis ,Mx s mga 1 w ' Q as -me :Emmy w wsrwwmq , :E iixmgsmeg Fl- .- awww New , EY? ss E' mi gras H. , EKLM HE:- 2155"-Ws:m,k.Wmsz. Hi, Mag: me E, :K'7XW' :E-SSE EW? mms? mea vs was E B a wa X8 S8 Ss U swim ss x B gs W . E x B nw EXW mm' a Fred City Mez erick Thorns zzorial H oypilal, IVi1z.rto1z-Salem, N. C Wake Forest, 1934 Craven, B.S. 5, r Q Alfred Stanley Dooneief, B.S. jewiyh Hofpilal, Brooklyn, N. Y. N. Y. U., 1935 - m Max Elias Cytryn, B.S. Czzmberlafzd Hofpilal, New York Alpha Omega Alpha, Phi Beta Kappa N. Y. U., 1935 ,B w sas a ss ss N 'mn a a mail .ia ms 5 23 m m ss WH, M wma km E 5 n ss, Sym H: E E HFWEQEM mnkl sis! .m' M ss 3554, Q. ss musing sw SK as . ER' msg 'Ein an mm a a a David Harold Dreizin, B.S. Harlem Hofpital, New York American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students N. Y. U. 1934 ss 2 arms I. 'asm LQ'5Qtaj i:.?iW , Y we ,E W' HRW wwe ,asf S8KK'E-,.35'BS8 Wagga. We sifiiwigr New new :Newegg in . E Sex. 12 ms U M Ji' gy 1? r wail? Rudolph E. Drosd, B.A. Mt. Sinai Hoxpital, New York Alpha Omega Alpha American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Student Medical Psychology Club N. Y. U., 1934 S Leo Herman Elstein, B.S. Harlem H orpitol, New York Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1934 Leonard I. Ehrlich, B.S Betb Mofer Horpitol, Brooklyn, N William Welch Society Medical Psychology Club House Committee fl, 23 Phi Lambda Kappa c. c. N. Y., 1934 Irving Donald Fagin, B.S. Cedfzrr of Lebanon Horpital, Lor Afzgeler, Cal. Phi Beta Kappa American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students N. Y. U., 1935 35 1 if W' iii f W ,V '15 we w" ' 2 5? Hed- Z il' ? l X l As' , M i L oseph Sidney Feibusch, B.S Harlem Horpizfal, New York Phi Beta Kappa Friends of the I,eFevre Library William Welch Society Medical Psychology Club Member of Council QZJ Chairman, House Committee MJ Sigma Omega Psi C. C. N. Y., 1933 Harold Rachlin Feinstein, B.A. Gozwerrzeur Hospital, New York Medical Psychology Club Phi Delta Epsilon Cornell, 1954 Irwin H. Feigin, B.A. Sydenham H ospilal, New York Phi Beta Kappa American League for Peace and Democracy E . ii ii gm s H as H mEmAs 2, M Association of Medical Students Medical Psychology Club Columbia, 1954 is x-i I a is in m s n as EE? En. ea N Daniel jared Feldman, B.A. Fordham Hoxpital, New York Phi Delta Epsilon Columbia, 1934 K ss -mga 'E-, , is ss L in ss an ms mwqsx mm ss Eg E551 ? na lik ss n vs H . mama vw X Us .mai my-ss mLMZim .NEWS - Q gm MH Q m 55 Q sz 5 H Y mfs ff H Em. sgigike 5-E-5. :XE Q 'ss sm ,vga B E ss ,wa ., 9 a W m xmas m f Q31 33- za gf-wmv was mfg-sf W-5 4. 1, H sas? ohn Lawrence Feldman, B.A fewixb Hoxpital, Brooklyn, N. Y. Alpha Omega Alpha Columbia, 1951 Carl Friedman, B.A. . St. fobfff Hwpiffzl L , ang Ixlavzd City, N. Y. N. Y. U., 1935 J Fw Am Olga Frankel, B.A. Harlem Hoxpital, New York erican League for Peace and D emocracy Association of Medical Students Medical Psychology Club Wellesley, 1934 n .me a Lester Friedman, B.A. Queen! General Hospital, jamaica, L. I. Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi ' n League for Peace and Democracy America Association of Medical Students Medical Psychology Club Phi Delta Epsilon Cornell, 1934 Y . , ma, -is -a ii E an -ni -asm , me is J is Sam am if-mga ' .s i is W ia ff. mf-2 2 magma ss my x Ea in -am . I, E m is tan ia- xa w ,ngahivi mfs m me if Em ,U an any gas. ,i mam sm, E mx W an an Eu..-Q W 153,-mwiggw 'eeaw,1.5W-- a as 'MESWE eifevg Q- ga H4 E:f"'lfQL'?39. A Mfg Q me E sexes -. K-as We aa? SE 2 W 5 fe 2 H 5 fi iizaigiiiyg mf: MEM MET: -QQH H-'ess' M m E Mmmu M fa 'Wgff EBSQ ww.g5gaawBmsm Waa5,wa,gQEwg .Mmm . . uma as Qzszk' ka, ,Z m me Maas Q- M. -u E mmm egxffggiiimg E aaagiggaf-fa-f f B - Q L- Q, Q E an a 5 swf V B asf Egg a e egg' E E an S Sjmijwa Gustav Friedmann Palerfofz General H ofpital Universities of Wurtzburg, Munich and Erlangen Edmond Gamse, B.A. Coney Ifldlld Hofpital, Brooklyn, N. Y. Pennsylvania, 1934 Harold Carl Frutig, B.A Bellevue Hofpital, New York N. Y. U., 1935 Harry Gershman, B.S. Bellevue Hoxpital, New York Peace and Democracy Medical Psychology Club Class Treasurer 13, 4, Phi Delta Epsilon American League for Connecticut State, 1935 Murray Glusman, B.S. St. I0blZ,.l' Hoxpital, Long Iflmzd City, N. Y N. Y. U., 1934 A-Y erome William I Greenbaum, B.A. Harlem H0 Columbia, 1934 Jpiml, N ew Y ark Ml. k, v if EH ma sf is is mi-i H. iq ima ss ss i WSBQQQ Q-Q is if awww E sw as W. ffiw E N mm is is qU,,.mm SQ? 2 E X as is W ,ma mx EW Nathan A. G Harlem H01 William Wei l oldstein pilal, New York i llerin 42, 5 c 1 Society Managing Editor Violet Q45 Associate Editor Violet and Bu C. C. N. Y., 1931 i - if m-m nm- illif m Q "ii B- is HW a mggm m x -is Eggs mxm mim- B3 W.. :mmm is . , B.S. ' Charles P. Grant, B.S. Bellevue Hoapilal, New X ark Gamma Sigma Epsilon Alabama, 1934 M HIHM L H W- ma-n-as was H 'Slu- gr , QE QZITQZ- 55 fee? agfgd-awk, 'siy fgw ll E as 1 S is W5 FE-gi"5 H , .,.,.,.,. , ,,.,.,., . .,A-E VV' -: - 'V 5-4, E was 55 222 Wm :::.Z gg? zzz .Eiga if f: 2- .. :zi ':': ::: , ziz ,,,, 1 H Alfred Gross, B.S. Bronx Hofpilal, New York Sigma Omega Psi N. Y. U., 1954 Robert George Heasty, B.A , new Brooklyn Horpital, Brooklyn, N. Y. Wichita, 1953 ss Leonard Edwin Halpern, B. . 1VIorri.ra11ia City H orpilal, New York N. Y. U., 19,34 A E SN SS if SS M E U E N M ,X rg M I H H E ss E TH W E H I M H HH mi sims mm H N M M 3 age H M Bam -- mn :Q B H H 1 H SS ' EY! HHH E - M M ms mr mggfs H Mm Eh Mm W rm 1 H ' gg ,H E XS S9 EEE mr grg WEN B raw. ESS B ms 58 Q E ram Zi? W H ss m Fw H mm M K W . E E E H, mx WEE Kms . ar may wggw N r .rar gs: grim 2 E . EEN r M ,Q E EH H .1 E E B V 5 an Hifi H I ss ss B :.: E E .2 . H ss ,mmf E Zim X ,gf H5212 E 'fi ss ss mffrgw 555: .:- a B me X ss an an-MQW - W ,::sE1.. :.: v ss 555,:.: - , ,- - .,., - Q. :.: s .-z- r- ' - 1. '- M, . z :.: :.: , . , W , , W ,.,V . M 5 . . . - R H ,- 5:5 -' 4- , aging-5253,-wing, 5 , ---- - Q 'Hass Hwiiidw 'mcg E' E fzfizfz f'. V H Wm.. E . ...,,... . H . n a 1 , H si am- :Hrs P any ,D-E. X wr E , . . , WL wh-, .. W4 HH-New , . E ,A W M ww NYE!! - 3.512 rhihzwfmgix Emanuel Lawrence Hecht, B.S. Bronx Hospilal, New York Phi Beta Kappa C. C. Nr Y., 1934 .as mf' .V H E if eewi William Hoffman, B.A. Belb Moyer Hofpilal, Brooklyn, N. Y. Phi Beta Kappa American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students Friends of the LeFevre Library Violet and Bulletin Staff G, ID Associate Editor fflj Columbia, 1934 Cum .fzif Pg? ' 4. 1 'A :Eu Q : kzwugx mam Irvin berlfwfl H 0 N. Y. U., g Horowitz, B.S. 1934 fpital, Brooklyn, N. Y. Wm in Bm Pearl Holly, B.A., M.S Gallifzger Municipal H ofpital, Waxlaifzgtou, D. C. Hunter, 1929 N. Y. U., 1934 M. a E Q . A F Samuel A. Jaffe, B.S. Grate I-Ioxpital, Connecticut State, 1934 QZEEE T H X W New Haven, Comz. an -lv is as use an an me E ss ' -me mfr glw me 5 A K .M Q , ,Q-X-mf, 3 Q 55,155 ' ' mme'-is - -- fe af il E W ,ue iw. gi ee 55 e WE. :avi 5? 85225 ie me vyi- EBSQ, we- .1155 W 15 Q mm:-g iz? u in-,wg gamxgf fe 1 me M ww1.m.,,, -ss me an it ,ES H ss an sf 'B' fuse n iz 'gait 1' me. I, H ., H 15.5. 1 1-X my we ' W.-.. QF 'Q ' -Q -- ew Leo Kaplan, B.A. I N w York Bellevue Hoxpilez , e A American League f Associa lpha Omega Alpha or Peace and Democracy tion of Medical Students N. Y. U., 1934 Edwin Kasin, B.S. King: County Hoxpilal, Brooklyn, N. Y. Association of Medical Students Friends of the I.eFevre Library Phi Lambda Kappa Brooklyn, 1934 . , 5 is W Solomon Kaplan, B.A. Krzickerbocker Hofpital, New York Phi Beta Kappa, Phi Kappa Phi Phi Delta Epsilon Cornell, 1934 Sidney Katz, B.S. Newark Cily Hofpilal, New jersey Phi Beta Kappa Association of Medical Students President of Student Council Q41 President of Class fl, 21 Council Secretary Q31 N. Y. U., 1954 1 Harold Samuel Kaufman, B.A. American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students E Member of Council f11 Violet and Bulletin Staff fl, 2, 5, 41 House Committee 12, 5, 41 N. Y. U., 1934 1' Q. Walter T. Kees, B.A. Lenox Hill Hoxpital, New York Council Treasurer QQ Nu Sigma Nu Columbia, 1954 is a1E'X Q m nc Paul Ehrlich Kaunitz, B.A., M.A. M0lZf6ji0l'E H ox Alpha Omega Alpha William Welch Society Columbia, 1933, 1954 p. for Chronic Diseaxex, N. Y. H Q i ii Rl wf ai S1 SH A EL Kim ,M H, -.-,E H mage im wi . N an 1 mm -Wi, ww W Nm N -. We -ima: as Ewing H, f W gsimwgwfiwm-Q-is-mamma mm:- ' -SX E , mia E,-Ek ,QE E 21 W-.372 Q Leo Keller, B.S. French Hoxpital, New York Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1934 2 2 QE ik Saw . fb' Aloysius Thomas Kelly B S St. Vincezzff Hoxpital, New Yon? Phi Alpha Sigma. Georgetown, 1933 H . y H: CL ,IC'7'.l . H Cm: ' ' 'I .lr - xx ,E . s ' E N - ' S2 ' 1-XS . .-,H - -Q H, ' W , ,.. 51,-, E.. N X' :1. - In ,Ax ,V 1 mwb , '. 'm ,si ff. ,, 1 BQ Irwin Kravetz, . . Lincoln H orpital, New York N. Y. U., 1934 mu E .1 M H. E Q. Q Ang, 1 wg qu l me w Q Q4 . xgwgm .K an X a ws mm mf- mm mmm X . we as E x ss H, gs ks. Leo Klinger, B.A. Limoll: Hoxpiml, New York N. Y. U., 1954 a gn .mm up ,num -,gm . 5, is ml misss sax mum ax-xx mamma-gi: me-as ma S87 H!! E H M if H W N Wm-X WL M gf. 883188 588288 885338 S8-A me H H E E W M W ws -if 5, H E Q M H W mm , E .Nm-sigma m1,w,nq.v. B ' -BB E is H E HW, sw. W Hg.. mmg Q' H main Bw EE EB HH awww: Wm K B E '38, ' mn gm n H xmvwmw N M , M- .Q 55-- xy-:gxksmmgaawxssum .- ww E E .fm ms Q ' 'sm W- 52 Q Kgs--H fa. Q ,mn-g:w4mw.gsssxm,WQ3n ESM mwzmx. -mm'wm-- 'SSB J SSX B' 1' .-mf 1 - ,E - U am sigma' sms. mafpassmmggag- mkmx my ww:-. Q M11- , mmm.. gyms m M Mwmmww-3-sm H ,mam nw .wa Y X 1 3 . E was mga ' wma ,xxx H-Q,gfg,1n1MQmmwgm . mg... mxRs?'Enm1sh,B . ' LXR. '-id-wil ' kiln X ,EW-:I YES? 'WK':, nagging, W E213-H HE .1 - E- .5-2 J-'R Bi?:.i'2f23' o -1 Ny.. , -Q fa. 2 'msmg,siMQ my .w'.ww.w V... ,W i., 'gy 'gmgjf N WW H - ' .28i,., we-sul. .gg-sr.. ml W' WE: I E-gg.. iggvnz Wwgge so .wk -M- . SK. - -'sk ' mn WSJ- F mv I: . Philip joseph Kresky, B.A. Mt. Sinai Hoxpital, New York Columbia, 1934 Sydney Leider, B.A. Bellevue Hofpital, New York Columbia, 1954 jack Victor Lisman, B.S. M01'I'iJdl2id Hospital, New York Phi Beta Kappa Association of Medical Students C. C. N. Y., 1934 Virginia Catherine Lent, B.A. Meadowbrook Hoxpital, Hempxleod, L. I. Smith, 1954 , 1' -an ' is is 1 , My n . Naam Q S ,, ,521 H A , W Emu is Emmett Stevenson Lupton, B.S. City Memorial I-Iafpi Wake Forest, 1956 tal, Wivzxlofz-Salevfz, N . C. Hugh Z. Maray, B.A. Bellevue Hofpital, New York Phi Alpha Sigma Columbia, 1934 David H. Mass, B.S. Barlzert Memorial Hoflbital, Paterxofz, N. I. Phi Beta Kappa N. Y. U., 1934 Herbert R. Marcus, B.S Belb Imrel Hoxpitfzl, New York Beta Lambda Sigma, Psi Chi N. Y. U., 1934 if wax- Quee ednick, B.S. ni General Hoypz , Phi Beta Kappa C. C. N. Y., 1954 Edward Allan M 'tal Queem, N. Y. Milton Milhnan, B.A. Gozwerfzem' Hoxpital, New York Association of Medical Students ' K a. Phi Lambda app N. Y. U., 1935 Leo N advorney, B.A. St. 1ob1z'J Hofpital, Long Ixlmzd Ci! Phi Delta Epsilon Columbia, 1933 y,N.'1. Herbert Farrell Mulholland, B.S Bellezfne Hofpilfzl, New York Friends of the LeFevre Library Phi Alpha. Sigma N. Y. U., 1933 Harry Naidich, B.A. Montefofe Hoxpilal, New York N. Y. U., 1955 William Obrinsky, B.S. Mornirazzia Horpital, New York Phi Beta Kappa American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students Member of Council my Violet and Bulletin Staff QB, 42 N. Y. U., 1934 Emanuel Papper, B.A. Bellevue Hoxpilal, New York Phi Beta Kappa Association of Medical Students Phi Delta Epsilon Columbia, 1935 Karl R. Paley, B.S. MOIZf6fi01'8 Hospital, New York Alpha Omega Alpha Association of Medical Students Medical Psychology Club Class Treasurer QU House Committee flj C. C. N. Y., 1954 Ely Perlman, B.A. Harlem Horpital, New York Association of Medical Students Medical Psychology Club Art Editor, Violet and Bulletin 13, 4, Columbia, 1934 William Aloysius Pindar, B.A St. Vinrefztfr Horpilal, New York Alpha Omega Alpha Friends of the I.eFevre Library Phi Alpha Sigma Georgetown, 1934 Harvey Poliakoff, B.S. St. fohu'J Hoxpital, Long Island City, Phi Beta Kappa William Weldi Society Association of Medical Students Sigma Omega Psi C. C. N. Y., 1934 N.Y Robert Franklin Pitts, B.S., Ph.D Alpha Omega Alpha, Phi Beta Kappa Sigma Xi Butler, 1929 johns Hopkins, 1932 fr H 5- H' X 5 mi Solomon Polisuk, B.S. Harlem Hofpilal, New Yark Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1934 A Harold Rand, B.A. Beth Israel Hofpital, Newark, N N. Y. U., 1935 Irving Rifkin, B.S. ' 'E 4 ..y, ,pygif ' Sl. Peter'J H axpilal, New Brmz.rfwick, N. I. E Phi Beta Kappa American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1934 2 ,ss La .iw is 'ss H , a n egg as A H ,ms--Sm H 5 H, H . B . 'S , aaa M mama ,M as-F B B 2 wig SS H H a -so 5325 B in ana EE a it vi H B H sigh w is xg, john Cochrane Reece, B.S Dewi: Hafpitpzl, Slalewille, N. C. Wake Forest, 1936 mi Seymour Harold Rinzler, B.A. Bellevue Hospital, New York William Welclm Society Friends of the LeFevre Library Member of Council 12, 31 Violet and Bulletin Staff 15, 41 Phi Delta Epsilon Cornell, 1954 5' B, ia , Je RE? Leslie Bertram Roberts, B.A fewifb Hospital, Brooklyn, N. Y. Alpha Omega Alpha Vice-President of Class QS, 4j Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1935 Hermann Nelson Sander, B.A. 2 MOIllZl4i7ZJid9 Hoxpital, Montclair, N. I. Dartmouth, 1930 Norman Rosenberg, B.A Mt. Sinai Hafpilal, New Yoik Pennsylvania, 1934 Milton Sapirstein, B.S. M0lZf6f0?'E Hoxpiml, New York Alpha Omega Alpha, Phi Beta Kappa. Association of Medical Students Medical Psychology Club C. C. N. Y., 1934 I n HM H Hmm SS E ss me . Es Mm Y' .R .wwf E-alla. Show' W, E W H E.. ax 5 mn: in 1m.'.m glfwf- l i . -. I- ?',R5. mm5m1'?l 1' 'I ','.- .4 ' 'H f,:w.:.4:-M '- . im GH. I. ., ggi- ' ?iQ,"-ii LE f'f...g5:E ,.. . is ,, QWQTQ Q., Qi E :"....fif-' ,, E.. ..., .5 ....,,.. 3,5 ... uuu . ., ... H J ... Herbert Leonard Schlesinger, B.S City Hospital, New York Alpha Omega Alpha, Phi Beta Kappa N. Y. U., 1933 Leonard Schneider, B.A. Newark Beth Imzel H ospitol, Newark, N Pennsylvania, 1954 Bernard Schmierer, B.S. Israel Zion Hospital, Brooklyn, N. Association of 'Medical Students Friends of the LeFevre Library Violet and Bulletin Staff QZQ Sigma Omega Psi Seth Low junior College, 1934 if um Austin Howard Schoen, B.A. IMOIZIGF-07'6 Hoflbilfzl, New York Phi Beta Kappa American League for Peace and Democracy ski Association of Medical Students N. Y. U., 1934 1 - " d..,f 3f N E 5 B 'H 'sr S8 B B 88 E88 B L88 B E 5 we H5213 H w me W, S J, ..., .. gw Q if 'SJW W, ' wf P ima ' ' W M ifiii We-H . ' H Ei A Q Philip H. Sechzer, B.S. Haflem H ofpital, New York William Welch Society fl, 2, 3, 41 Secretary Q31 Violet and Bulletin Staff f2, 3, 41 C. C. N. Y., 1934 Raymond N. Sh N. Y. U. Dental College Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1935 apiro, B.S. HE a X a ss Ng ss. ss 'agua V- Nathan H. Shackman, B.A. Harlem Hospital, New York Phi Delta Epsilon M . emben of Council Q21 Comptroller, Violet and Bulletin 15, 4j N. Y. U., 1954 na m ,Q 1 W NEW, wwf-5' 'gas Q Selma Beatrice Shapiro, B.S. Banzert Hofibiml, Palermzz, N. I. American League for Peace and Democracy Class Secretary Q11 N. Y. U., 1932 Benjamin Sherman, B.A. Morfirmzia Hofpilal, New Yorlz N. Y. U., 1935 Ralph Slater, B.S. Cumberland Horpital, Brooklyn, N. Y N. Y. U., 1934 J ohn Edward Silson, B.A. Beth Irrael Horpilol, New York Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students Editor, Violet and Bulletin MQ Managing Editor, Violet and Bulletin QZ, BQ Princeton, 1934 v re i Wm .B v W ' W ,., H Q khwai as- , mf: an E. ang E ,ma M za is 'age im . 'W aa-egg. Maxwell Spring, B.S. Bronx Hofpital, Bronx, N. Y. William Welch Society N. Y. U., 1933 Bertram Taub, B.S. Z W St. Peterir Horpiial, New Brznmuirk, N, I. N. Y. U., 1934 ml' sf ., :f M is f 1. H B Q . . ., 5 " 'I Q 2: ff . ' . . E N " K, jack Harold Tabor, B.S. Harlem Horpital, New York Friends of the I.eFevre Library Phi Beta. Kappa Association of Medical Students President of Class Q31 Vice-President of Class Q25 C. C. N. Y., 1933 john Baer Train, B.S. Beth-El Hofpiml, Brooklyn, N. Y. P Phi Beta Kappa Vice-President of Class fl, C. c. N. Y., 1954 .Af A r Montague Ullman, B.S. Morrirafzia H orpital, New York American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students Medical Psychology Club, President Violet and Bulletin Staff f-4, Phi Delta Epsilon C. C. N. Y., 1935 erome Lawrence Weinberger, B.S. Bronx Horpital, Bronx, N , Y. American League for Peace and Democracy C. C. N. Y., 1934 Leroy David Vandam, Ph.B. Befb Ixrael Hofpilal, Borlozz, Marx. Phi Beta Kappa, Sigma Xi Friends of the LeFevre Library American League for Peace and Democracy Association of Medical Students Phi Delta Epsilon Brown, 1954 Bernard A. G. Weisl, B.S. Bellevue Hospital, New York Friends of the LeFevre Library Welch Society William Association of Medical Students President of Class Q42 Nu Sigma Nu Princeton, 1927 ii. sz ex: :xx me-my LINK x is 1-1- m 5. fe c :wi M T235 m we si ff E is mana ii LW 5 See? 5 Mfrs?-gig sm -'Qui :swf m E . Leo Weiss, B.S. Harlem Hoypilal, New York 'gma Omega Psi N. Y. U., 1934 4 ' 157' A George Wfelker, jr., B.A. Lenox Hill Hofpital, New York Columbia, 1934 Hyman G. Weitzen, B.A Morrimzzia H oxpital, New York Association of Medical Students Phi Delta Epsilon N. Y. U., 1934 Arthur Francis Wright, B.A. Bellevue Hoxpital, New York Nu Sigma Nu N. Y., U., 1935 Elton Ralph Yasuna, B.S. Boslofz City Hospital, Barton, Mau N. Y. U., 1935 Herman Charles Zuckerman, B.S. Lincoln H orpilal, New, York V N. Y. U., 1954 Warren jack Zager, B.A. King! County H oxpitol, Brooklyn, N Phi Lambda Kappa N. Y. U., 1954 EX Beatrice Bishop Berle, B.A., M.A. Vassar, 1923 Columbia, 1924 fi .1 ff f . X 653 Martin Osmond Grimes, B.S St. Vincenff Hospilal, New Yorlz Phi Alpha Sigma Holy Cross, 1933 Herman Arnold Meyersburg, B.S. x X Greenpoint Hofpilal, Brooklyn, N. Y. N. Y. U., 1933 fy rf-'p f f f s ff f Q N R Richard Schoonover, B.A. PHIGIIYOIZ Genera! Hofpiial, Pfztefzrorz, N. f. Nu Sigma Nu N. Y. U., 1935 .5,g:5:5iQ55'i' .'uv:-- 'I -a. eff ' ..5:-11:14. . it H it ia A at Xi Q I in up to c ia it s Q 10772 the Ongzmzl G1 eekb 0 ' I swear by Apollo Physician, by Asclepius, by ,,,, I . :Eh .....- : .:.:q.: .-... ,I-::g:3:::::' by all the gods and goddesses, making them witnes t I wiilrlfxarry 3 out, according to my ability and judgment, this oath indenture: Z Z h? To regard my teacher in this art as equal to my ito make , - ,... , 11.1 4 :I 3: Eff . E. him partner in my livelihood, and when he is in need of lil ? gig? mine with him, to consider his offspring equal to my teach .. is them this art, if they require to learn it, without fee r ""' ""' f ,JE impart precept, oral instruction, and all the other learni my,Q3BpnsT1,,,,,,, -1, to the sons of my teacher, and to pupils who have signe tlie kentureglmxw I "iA .Eli and sworn obedience to the physician's Law, but to none 3 I will use treatment to help the sick according to my ability and ment, but I will never use it to injure or wrong them. I will not give poison to anyone though asked to do so, nor will I suggest such a plan. Similarly, I will not give a pessary to a woman to cause abortion. But in purity and holiness I will guard my life and my art. I will not use the knife neither fevenj on sufferers from stone, but I will give place to such as are craftsmen therein. Into whatsoever houses I enter, I will do so to help the sick, keeping myself free from all intentional wrong doing and harm, especially from fornication with woman or man, bond or free. Whatsoever in the course of practice I see or hear for even outside my practice in social' intercoursej that ought never to be published abroad, I will not divulge, but consider such things to be holy secrets. Now if I keep this oath and break it not, may I enjoy honour, in my life and art, among all men for all time, but if I transgress and forswear myself, may the opposite befall me. Name CL , O f A S .BEL :TSQP-iffon 5 of LEVUE HO K' Admin I-Lad I 3 SPITAL r VUE Ho ' ed J Q rw E 3 "HPD SPI1- D121 Llrle 'N' Y U AL Eh - ' .3 N Cqm rljosls , AV A26 2 i Address MTOICAL DIV , Q V picarions il of 1937 9.3 yu lsrofv 'suing Docto . bel Medlcl D119 54.8, W D ' Colle t r Qbv V' '76 O ' I 1 Nazi- Q of OWN r-' 4 i I V 1 I 4 Q r-'- --:iii X ' HQ, A A up , ' 2, 4 ' LI iM9da'f, - Q . . 'ik Q . - 11S 1' C i if am -V .Deaths i i ouse Pb! i 5 i I Cured' Vfo Q - 'Q i - Us Admzksi Habits APE V10 sl Q-C f ecropsf' ' lump' Ons: 1 bomwau Us 'iffy GRY: CVCSJ ' t 934, , :iz Digg? c1,i,dhLifPy or- CMI' n 0101 I S , .D' I 9 5' S, 192121-cal Hgiiigul-ies Nlse-ises, cal Clerk 'Q F C on A " " Date, M069-'?EQ5g,1V ieklfs -TQ. I Q' of ' 7' P776 Mann offs 1544? Ser-NV' . er of Probablg'-551V Ce iddmls-Yiorancc' C0 Cause In H' ffc. urs' to' mr? CHIEF COMPLAINT "r - 'stty ? 221506-fy ,...., Wr,.:?-- -WM!! Duration: four years. FAMILY HISTORY Patient admits that fifteen immediate progenitors are doctors and thirty members of the family are similarly misdirectecl. Denies other facts revealing familial character of this insanity. Other familial diseases not known, but family skeletons have been seen prowling about in the anatomy laboratory. PAST HISTORY Childhood Direasefz Amentia since birth. Patient's parents say he was a "green" baby, never acting normally and always evidencing an abnormal interest in things that did not concern him. SUMMARY OF PREVIOUS ADMISSIONS First Adnzirrion f1934j: Complaints were the same as those of present admission. The patient presented a pitiful picture of industry, earnestness and similar qualities of temporary duration. His course during the period of in- carceration was stormy and rendered miserable by frequent embarrassing oral reviews. Many neurological signs became prominent in the chemistry labora- tory and some psychotic manifestations were noted under the tutelage of the 1,1 E x ri i-1 neuroanatomy lecturer. The patient ran a hectic course with periods of ex- acerbation, the first occurring as a result of a therapeutic test shortly after Thanksgiving and involving gross and micro anatomical systems. Contrary to expectations, the survival rate was extremely high. Then followed a period of convalescence during which time the patient was euphoric, easily distracted by movies and other forms of entertainment and very unproductive. The patient was well on the way to recovery when an unexpected development in the form of a chemical test was ushered in by a scant announcement producing chills and fever. Although the patient's re- sponses were often incoherent, careful interpretation of the mechanism of production revealed that his thinking ability was only moderately impaired. This was estimated sufficient to merit continuance of his stay, especially in view of the fact that there was some disagreement among the faculty as to the ultimate solution. t The subsequent course was enlivened by various misapplications of physio- logic procedures. Untoward reactions were developing everywhere-some patients found it impossible to swallow the Rehfuss tube fthis was believed to be due to hysteriaj g others showed severe cyanosis and partial asphyxia due to inexpert use of the Sanborn metabolism apparatus. Concerning the termination of the year, there are two schools of thought- those who were subjected to preliminaries considering it a real crisis, and those who did not, looking upon it as a happy conclusion. The patient was discharged in May 1935 with instructions to return in September. Final diagnosis- Sophomore. Second Admission f1935j: Chief complaints at this time were: fatigue on studying, shortness of the summer vacation, inability to open any books and palpitation at the thought of returning. At that time the patient appeared much improved both mentally and physically. It was difhcult to distinguish him from a normal individual. Immediate treatment consisted of an intensive course of pathology both micro Paa r C 4 h ,iPEDlAThescs. and gross, and an attenuated course of bacteri- ology and immunology. Response was at first slow, the patient appearing somewhat dazed and N disoriented, often responding incoherently to ray questions put to him by various instructors. In It y the face of this discouraging reaction, treatment was nevertheless maintained-the patient was re- J rj quired, in his spare time, to write full descriptions .1 of pathological specimens, to attend lectures, A --i"' ' if ' autopsies and conferences, to acquire a working ' -'f Z knowledge of bacteriology including staining h i .-'. methods, culture technique and animal inocula- 4 ,Way 543 tion, and to submit to mutual injections. For a C7 ' ' while he showed definite evidence of losing " 'W ground and the prognosis at that time was con- g sidered quite poor. However, by employing a 5 X. number of strategic measures such as studying and X' L i observation the patient began to develop a sur- prising proficiency in masking his ignorance with many polysyllabic terms arranged in heterogene- ous fashion. This was accomplished under the tutelage of an able master of this art. In view of this apparent recovery, the observers were encouraged to test him from time to time, the particular point being made to surprise him so that he could "take them in his stride." It was noticed, however, that a profound reactive depression ensued after each of these and the patient began to develop delusions of persecution, accompanied by outbursts of profanity, and fear of incompetency. The patient complained of being tormented by weird individuals such as long distance yawners, micro- scope dismemberers and non-commital myopes, all led by "The Boss," lord of all he surveyed. He was mystiiied by the lecturer who stood with chin tilted to a dramatic angle, his eyes heavenward and his face shining with unreveal- able knowledge. He was confused by the professor who gave a series of lucid lectures on heterophile anti- bodies, each designed to clarify the preceding lecture. Because the patient had failed to respond to other measures, he was referred to the Department of Phar- macology for investigation. Here the effects of various drugs on the patient were observed and compared with those obtained on animals. His physiological mechanisms were kept in a constant state of flux what with diuresis one day, oli- guria the next and com- plete suppression on an- other. A most remark- able conclusion was reached on the basis of a series of tests with unidentified drugs-it was demonstrated that "it's not the drug but the mental attitude" that determines the ef- fect of the exhibition of a drug. The patient T viewed with apprehen- sion -the digestive upsets caused by morphine in dogs, and was greatly relieved when Mario was called to dispose of the excreta. At other times, the patient would aimlessly wander about in circles, presenting a picture strikingly similar to that of a dog with an overdose of apomorphine. Despite the intensive instruction, many serious gaps of knowl- edge were detected in the oral interviews which concluded this course. At this time, an abrupt change occurred. Spring' was ushered in by a series of lectures on the specialties, these measures being considered appropriate for the sudden rise in restlessness designated as Spring Fever. Despite the favor- able atmospheric conditions, the patient expressed much concern over the probable date and manner of discharge. The anxiety proved unfounded for about half the cases because they "qualified" for discharge without examina- tion. The remaining fifty percent were subjected to a single massive dose of questions propounded with great solemnity by members of the examining board. However, the patient made a determined effort to overcome his astasia- abasia and acquired a convincing manner of reply, occasionally revealing sur- prising knowledge of preclinical courses. The patient was discharged questionably improved with the diagnosis of Junior. Third Admission Q1956Q: The patient was readmitted with a renewal and intensification of previous complaints. These were somewhat ameliorated by prospects of wearing a white coat similar to those worn by butchers, and the privilege of transporting about six pounds of miscellaneous diagnostic in- struments. The patient was becoming well adapted to his environment and possessed a sense of confidence disproportionate to the extent of his knowl- edge. His observers were well aware of the dehciencies so they instituted a series of morning lectures and afternoon clinics. Surprisingly enough, the lectures made their greatest impression on the gluteal regions, subjectively manifested by great discomfort and restlessness and objectively by cornification and desquamation of the involved area. All the major departments were called upon to add their opinions in the guidance of the treatment which the patient was to receive. Medicine responded by giving a bird's eye view of heart disease, anemia, kidney diseases, etc. The Department of Pediatrics outlined the development of the child, placing particular em- phasis upon regularity of bowels. The patient soon discovered that the early part of the Gynecology lectures were ideal for class meetings, always terminated by a cheery "Good morning." Surgical aspects were given prolonged but somehow inadequate consideration with amazing effects. ' Interspersed at irregular intervals were informal consultations with the Dean, charmingly referred to as "teas," Between gulps, the patient would sputter forth answers to a variety of questions with special emphasis on the historical development of medicine. Favoritism was ruled out, and all patients were given the same opportunity Q ?j to attend. ' Observed results included writer's cramp, lethargy and an inability to see the whole problemg also seen were signs of obstructive hydrocephalus with enlargement of the head due to engorged information. At this time the patient was encouraged to recapitulate his experiences. The consequences of this was the production of the Third Year show which gave clear insight into his interpretation of medical student problems. In marked contrast to the activities of the patient were those of the faculty which took the form of caustic letters in small brown envelopes. The content was most disheartening to the patient who felt that he was being confronted with his weak points. The patient was then permitted a short leave of absence with instructions to return at the beginning of the fourth year. PRESENT ADMISSION The brief interval between the preceding and the present admission was inadequate for complete recuperation. It was only the realization that his condition was rapidly becoming terminal that enabled the patient to prolong his stay. The patients were placed on a rotating schedule of courses q. 2-3 months p.r.n. Response varied with the particular course pre- scribed. Medicine produced a profound depression with episodes of mania during which the patient would burst into a sudden frenzy of activity. At such time he would be seen to complete a stupendous number of urinalyses, stools, gastric analyses, ESR's, simultaneously present cases at Path conferences and medical clinics, and admit cases to the ward. Bedside instruction consisted of examination of EKG's, X-Rays and repeated ad- monitions by the House Staff. The ultimate result was that the patient became an accomplished clerk, although some pre- ferred to prefix the term "clinical." Sq 9 0 Q. 'S' O O 55 4 40 5 q Q go Q I 0 gy ' f Q .5 0,45 q,Q xfhe DELIVERY 9- ROOM Pm Q 'Lf f c,,l" 5 QX Si X SS N 3.0 0 Q' X Q. S - s 0 I Q 5 .4953 053' f N21 ' F N '40 Q . .foo QQ! of Nj sa 'iii 4994 'JGT 'QQQQ :faq Yvwtl Qi!! 0.1.3. .1,',','o' ' .fl , . N I 4 0 I 4102! , -xxx? I .w QQ - 'Zia rift. ::'lf"q .J 'Q f Q V 0 Q' . is Q 'Q rex ex .X x' A X X N L. 2 108 On the other hand, Obstetrics and Gynecology presented a peculiar combina- U tion of services including the greatest opportunity for research. The patient col- laborated with his attendings, his func- tion consisting principally of routine KFT's, gastric analyses and nlling out of special sheets. In return for this arduous labor, the patient was permitted to assist in deliveries and tie the Gordian knot. What a happy reward when the delighted offspring cried out in gratitude to its de- liverer in the wee hours of morning! During this time the patient developed severe Parkinsonism with characteristic disturbance of sleep rhythm. This was alleviated by the generous contribution by the head of the department of a modestly furnished room where theipatient could relax in his leisure moments. The patient, however, did not get the full benefit of relaxation due to the vociferous non-symphonic outbursts of forty youngsters very much in need of voice culture. On the Gynecological service the patient was subjected to intermittent attacks of continuous day and night duty, otherwise referred to as "24-hour cervicitisf' The most pernicious aspect of this service was getting up at four in the morning to do an emergency WBC and ESR on a patient whose chief complaint was "sterility of twenty years duration." At the conclusion of this service, the department ran a series of informal discussions which provided the rare opportunity of meeting the attendings on the wards. During his stay the patient also was referred to the Pediatrics service. Here he underwent a regression to the juvenile and infantile levels. He was often observed conversing in typical baby-talk with the inhabitants of the nurseries although sometimes this was addressed to the nurses instead of the infants. After a short stay on the acute ward he was transferred to the chronic ward where he disported himself with much gaiety, even depriving the children of their toys in his efforts toamuse himself. His spare moments were devoted to writing irrelevant notes on pink sheets which fortunately were disregarded by the attending staff. This pleasant interlude was concluded by a personal interview with the director of the service with special emphasis on a chart of incubation periods of infectious diseases. Having subjected the patient to thorough medical investigation, he was referred to the Surgical Service for an opinion. A somewhat different plan was followed by the surgeons where it was deemed that two divisions were better than one. The regular division provided a series of charts to be copied and assigned special topics for presentation at surgical clinics. The patient evidenced an unflagging interest in surgical procedures and at times was permitted to wield the scalpel and bandage scissors when a particularly in- viting sebaceous cyst appeared on the scene. Cn the open division, the patient's attendance was most irregular and, at times, the house staff was uncertain as to whether the patient had actually been there at all. Reports from outside sources revealed that the patient would frequently absent himself in order to engage in cardiology, more simply referred to as "hearts," He attempted to compensate for this loss by great activity at the clinic where he competed with student nurses in applying dressings and removing sutures. At this point, serious doubts were arising as to the neurological and psycho- logical status of the patient, so to complete the study he was referred to the Departments of Neurology, Psychiatry, Orthopedics and Urology. The very cursory attention given to him by the last-named departmentmerits little con- sideration. Orthopedics proved to be most interesting to him and a great deal of this was attributable to the magnetic personality of the chief of service. The calm deliberation and amazing imperturbability of this individual was a continuous source of gratification and surprise to the patient and served to . 032.53 Wacf y dass l ' 41 check much of his "willy-nilly" be- O 1 l Q1 havior. O . 1- 5 Q The Neurological Service provided N S three rotating attendings who followed Z . . -n lllllll the nervous pathways in different dr if.--., rections but ultimately reached the same iii:-I conclusion, namely that the patient was obviously decerebrate and bordered closely on the comatose. The Psychiatric Division shifted the patient from the disturbed wards where the patient heard so many shocking stories to the delinquent boys and girls MEI-AH' IN Q? L. ' J i Oo so 5- R--- - li if 'Q is "T ff -K . T QDV . h lf,-2 lj 'V ' P' I lmmvl if wards where even greater haz- ards befell him. The review of the patient's psyche showed that he was still trying to put things in the mouse and making frequent mistakes in the open- ings. It was felt that the pa- tient compared favorably with the rest of the inmates but the wards were too crowded so he was permitted to leave unmo- lested. Throughout this rapid suc- cession of ward services, lec- tures were held in the late W O R K morning. Prominent among these was a series on Preven- tive Medicine where typical cases of communicable disease were considered and public health aspects studied. An as- tounding series of clinics were conducted by the Department of Medicine where many insig- nificant features were elabor- ated upon, necessary prepara- tion being secured by rehearsals. Most profitable were the Pecli- y atrics lectures where the patient i finally learned to ask for re- peated urines. Also of consider- able interest were Surgical Conferences and Clinics where numerous perplexing problems were settled by voting. Towards the conclusion of his course the patient was greatly disturbed by "Comprehensive" examinations in Surgery and Medicine. The patient and most of the examiners reached the conclusion that these were an undoubted source of annoyance and highly unprofitable. To compensate for this, written examinations were held at the conclusion of the stay with the final results reported as "Test unsatisfactory-q.n.s.- repeat if necessary." Fortunately the patient was discharged before this report was returned. .1 EFFECT ON SYSTEMS Musculo-Skeletal and Skin: Development of callouses in peculiar parts of the anatomy, particularly over the buttocks, the first three fingers of the right hand, and the ulnar surface of the left hand from holding the fundus. There was a marked increase in flat- footedness, particularly in those taking seriously the psychiatric rounds on medicine. Weight remained about constant, the gain from "status lymphaticusn being balanced by a loss due to irregular meals and the places one had to eat them in. Gener- alized progressive alopecia-of what hair was left on entry. Gefzeml Nervous System: Marked tendency to nervous- ness, particularly when antici- P L A Y pating a quiz, combined with cerebral vacuolization, which together with the gastric symp- toms, presented a typical ex- amilzosis complex. Frequent psychotic intervals varying be- tween manic and depressive. S perm! Senses: Peculiar type of blindness on looking through a microscope, associated with microscopophobia. Continual buzzing in the ears, often mis- interpreted as heart murmurs or broncho-vesicular breathing. Gaszro-ifziestifzfzl S yslem: Dys- phagia and gaseous eructations, particularly after certain lec- tures. Marked hyperirritablity of the entire tract, accompanied by anorexia and diarrhea of a green variety, forming part of the exczmmosis complex. Compli- cated with constipation provoked by the "No stool, no school" law. Respimtory S ystem: Frequent attacks of coughing, particularly during lecture, associated with tuberculophobia, especially after Chronic Chest. Marked short- ness of breath brought on by running from one class to another. Cmfdio-Vascular S ysiemz Dyspnea on six flights QA and B Buildingj. Stretcher orthopnea on M5. Presacral edema. Palpitations and paroxysmal nocturnal tachycardia at the end of each term, not associated with thrills. Regular at- tendance at "Hearts" Clinic in the Lounge during the past year. Genito-Urirzmfy System: Burning on urinalysis. Frequency, noted especially in the Fourth Floor Lavatory during the second year. History from patient-Fairly unreliable, because of marked tendency to accept all rumors floating around. - CLASS OFFICERS Bernard Weisl, Preridelzz Isidor Bernstein, Serrelfzry Leslie Roberts, Vice-Preridefzt Harry Gershman, Trearzzrer PRUGNUSIIS According to its own predictions, the class should have a very happy future. By tabulation of their estimates they expect to earn a median figure of 353,500 in five years, the extremes ranging from O to 5S10,000. For ten years the results were even more optimistic, ranging from 353 to 3132 50,000, the median being 3S10,000. Their expectations for twenty years were positively euphoric varying between 324,300 and 3B2,500,000, the median being .1515,000. Neglecting the estimates of the most manic and depressed, the averages corresponded very close to the medians. Queried on the question of going into research after graduation, 28 signified positive intentions, while 59 said no and 12 were undecided. 63 intend to specialize, with 30 electing to remain in general practice and 11 uncertain as to their future course. As to their future field of specialization, 20 had no opinions as yet, the remainder being widely scattered with the three principal fields being Surgery Q13j, medicine f10j, and obstetrics and gynecology In the matter of internships, the class will spend from 12 to 36 months at their next job, 58 having two-year appointments. 71 expect to continue intern- ing thereafter for periods ranging from six months to four years, half of them being 24 months. Another 18 are undecided as to their likelihood of residing further at hospitals after their initial stretch is completed. x gl' 115-2.1'9 www 4wmff" "!f - Q" 'H A 512 iii? fag- f .xg f ' .WL S 44-1, " ,4 Q23 53338 A 3 W M 'K . '- N , 'Qu WWW M X 'S AN wif b 5 VJ lv Q - f , B ' Q J' I K ' 13-'gf X Q, F M 5 ff X - H as-L -r - 1 Q N ,gr I -vqmig gfffww? MEZZ 1 l 1 kv . . AAMMIJA h fxgx- LMA-K L 7 Q QPR? Q ff W WM f W Q: X 'V 'M - Rf dtcmaqkl X N I j F W ,D N g f ff S13 . EWR 712 'FWWM M. Q' Q' ,mv ' km fwfm In Q ,M f VL 4' J Z ,fa 'AK 5 ? X fp 5 'V fly'-'i7tg'L1 A W J G V 1 v-2 My EA " xeawuhwx X L7 we' S, Y S955 .1 .f ,C fi fa: 32 X ' L 07- . -" S rw 5 W N v W?" hx-Aj , 7 X fy. Mfr v dixw 4' - W :fm A f 1 W 'tdfWQ vb 4. V fx X' WWW 95.52 ,'lx .. ' " IP . . Q 'f fl ' .ff . ' Q-Qgmwmyi W, gy Qqgw M 9 LWmm M' L 53557 dx Wu . 'J sl ' . Zinc .9 p x W? QM K vt Q C, ' Q ' , I " w lf' N j 5 wh , V M qw 9 Q. i -M34 - 'I' Vey 0 K WW f , . HW Q rw ? K IG A X Q3 is 9 ' -L-WM B Q if We MW' X. -W 4. ,nfs 1 MMR aa' N., al Qs O Q09 -.45 AGE as -20 -15 -io -5 2112 zz 1+ ZS 26 27 29 29 F0 SH STUII IENT At the end of the fourth year, a review of the history and physical examinations of the class re- Marizfal Stains: A total of seventeen students-at the last count, that is- had jumped off the deep end by the fourth year. Operazfions daring the school years: No less than eighteen had been under the knife for various reasons, chiefly tonsils, appendix and hernia. School :lays lost through illness fThis includes illness for any reasonj : An average of 5.6 days per student were lost from the daily grind, the total being 615 Clays-the equivalent of 2.9 school years and a loss of 551740 at the prevail- ing rate of exchange of 3600 per year. Headaches: On their own testimony, students had an average of 15.6 head- aches each during their stay in school. This amounts to a total of 1494 head- aches, or approximately 50 per examination. Colfls: The class suffered a total of 818 colds since matriculation, an average of 7.4 per student. This was particularly fortunate, inasmuch as the hospital material in this category was rather low. Bowel trozzhle: To this category were assigned 19 students, the lesion being mostly of the constipating variety. Up to a late date, no information could be obtained regarding the relation of size, color and consistency to examination time. Insomnia: Eleven students were unable to obtain satisfactory sleep at night, and were forced to make up for it during lectures. 5 Tohafco: Seventy-seven out of a total of 117 members of the class were under the spell of Lady Nicotine. At a conservative average of ten cigarettes a day, this left 1,124,200 butts for the derelicts on First Avenue to pick up. y Inafioiclzlal complaints: Too numerousto mention. , Conditions since arlnzission io meclical school : To the direct question: "Do you feel the same, better, or worse since your previous examination?" fic., on admission to medical schoolj the answers were tabulated as follows: Better .......................................:.,,,.......................................................... 12 ' Same ......... ..... .......... S 4 Worse ................................. ..... .--.-t-.-. 3 Non-participating ................,.... . ..--.-,--, 1 5 Needless to say, we do not believe it. Il-ll li A lt T It-II. vealed many findings that are important in the differential diagnosis of the disease picture. Sex: Male-111 f95fkj, Female -6 f5'70j. Age: The average age of the class was 24.2 years at the time of examination. fAge at graduation can be obtained by adding approximately three months, the net figure being 24.5 yearsj Eighty-three members of the class H3705 were between 25 and 25 years, 45 being 24 years old. The oldest age was 31, the youngest 21. The total age was 2740 years. Weight: The average weight was 157.0 pounds. The lightest was 101 pounds, the heaviest 210. Eighty-nine students 1787215 were in the range of 130 to 189 pounds. The total weight of the class, excluding the hot air, was 17,902 pounds, somewhat over the weight of Dr. Benedict's elephant. Height: The average for student was 69.5 inches. The shortest was 60, and tallest 75 inches. Seventy-two students f63'kj were within the range of 68 to 72 inches. The total length would be 7721 inches, if all the students were laid end to end. Blood p1'e55u1'e: Results in this category followed only vaguely the usual frequency curves that weight, height, and age presented. The average blood pressure was 117.5 f74.1. The extremes were as follows: systolic 98 to 156, dia- stolic 54 to 100. Eighty-one 172295 of the systolic blood pressures fell between 108 and 122, while 78 M9705 ranged from 68 to 80. Heart nzu1'mzu'J: All were systolic, eight at the apex and two at the base. Eye gltzueiz Forty-eight members of the class required vitreous enhancement of their eyesight. Tomils: Sixty-eight had had their tonsils removed at some time. Lymph nodes: Forty-two had palpable cervical nodes, and fifteen palpable tonsillar nodes: Shin: Sixteen had acne, 13 had seborrhea. lfzgzzimzl rings: Dilated in 26 cases. Varicocele: Present in nine students. Dermtztophytorifz Reported in 22 cases. Pe: pltzmzr: Fourteen students apparently suHered from Hat feet. Rectum: Skin tabs-seen in seven students, external hemorrhoids in three, and pilonidal cysts in two. PH!! I-H2161-IT Cm inches? Vfb l G1 l-lil ft-rv. unkl'sl ol: lOllD5.J S1 IDIIIZSH'-lS6l7U? I ' s u lu u i u n' Km wg BELLEVUE HOSPNTAL THIRD KNEW YORK 5 Dwxsxon THKQD ard FQCSHFAAN xlf-AR 5oPYtQfiAQ?E NIEPHR JUNIOR Wffki. 5 S 4. he B v A M . W aauaaawaa llllllllml g as' mxxxuxxmxggmmm mm mm mx 4 mx vxmvm 1 , mmmmm xr mmm mm mx ,L aww :gm mmm mm mxmmmmxmxxm mmmmmmumuxmmmm mmmmumumuxnmmmwwm X vwxvmuxxumpxwmmmx ,Q ummwmwxmwk mxmxmm mn mummy xx , X, X X mxxuxxmm , mm ' MWKNWKMMHKHWKW . lmllllmlwix ' lg lmmlg BO mu mxmmmx + mmmmw mmm, Wmlllllllllll lllllllllllllllllllHmm ll lm NSVIHX 153111111 Rlmlmiillllm mmm W 95 mm 8!15f57 Polyls 7 8 ly ' PhOC ' 'Ww2ZVmomdmm COunt-? 9f5f57 R ig?i7f57 eg213def1111tC1y In O d X37 1-0' ', V11 B1 I Cr. Af 4 L. i , But 1 ter all a d1et, I WOLIIJHS anyone Simi finger in the Suggest fruit Warized the rfectum ' . Juices bro ' ' ' thg, SOL1 PS and - J If hers VCL-Y 8001-1 ' 7 Just 3 111 e dash of ice Cream 1 STUI IENT QUIIESTHUNNAIIRIE Best All-around Doctor ,.......... ......,..... M ilton Sapirstein Honorable Mention .........,., ......A,...... M ax Cytryn Most Popular ...,,.....................,..,.... ................... S idney Katz Most Brilliant .......,.................... ........,. M ilton Sapirstein Most Likely to Succeed ........,..r Beatrice Berle Done Most for Class .,..r..... ...,........,....... I ohn Silson Best Research Worker .....r......., ............ M ilton Sapirstein Most Eccentric .......r,.....,..... ...........,....... J ohn Silson Biggest Grind ............ ,............ M ilton Millman Busiest .........,...,..... ..A.,....................r..... J ohn Silson Laziest ....,,...,.................... Best Dressed ............,........ Most Sophisticated ..,,........ Richard Schoonover Howard Behrman Frances Bailen Biggest Politician ....,..,............,.... ,...........i....,. S idney Katz Honorable Mention Biggest Drag with Faculty Needs It Most ....,.........i.........,,,... Nathan Goldstein Bernard Weisl Frances Bailen Honorable Mention ...,.......,. ............. B ernard Weisl Asks Most Questions ..,.........,.... Knows Most Answers .,..,.., Best Pediatrician .......,.....,.. Best Dermatologist ......... Best Neurologist ....,,..... Best Psychiatrist .........., Best Cardiologist ......,.s...s..,. Best "Hearts" Player ......, Milton Millman Paul Kaunitz Austin Schoen Howard Behrman Milton Sapirstein . Montague Ullman Max Cytryn Solomon Kaplan Knows Most Nurses ....,,........ .,.,,..,,......,.,.,,,,.,,i,..,,,,,r,,.,,,,,,, L eo Kaplan Grubs Most Cigarettes ...,........,,,............,..........s....,.... Solomon Breenberg Favorite Text ................,..............,,............... Boyd Textbook of Pnzbology Most Read Text ,,..,..,,,.. Shands Handbook of Orlbopedic Surgery H onomble Mention ......,.............. Boyd Textbook of Pathology sin r a BUSIEST LAZIEST lHXCtlllt'Il'Y IHXVG RHTIES Favorite Clinical Professor ..,...... Charles Hendee Smith H 0120111516 ilflelztiofz ........,....,,,....... ........ A rthur M. Wriglit Favorite Preclinical Lecturer ........,.............,...,...........,,,..............rr,..,,,rr.,..,.,.., Arthur R. Mandel Best Clinician .............l..,,...,....,A....,..,.,.,...........,,............,...,.......r.................l.................. Evan W. McLave H Onomble Mention ..........,..,.,..... Charles Hendee Smith, Milton B. Rosenbluth Best Teacher .........,..i...i.......i........,,i. ,..,....,...,,.,,,,,,.....,.,,,,,.,,,.,,,,,..,...,,.,...,,..,,,,,.....i, A rthur M, Wright H Onomble Melzlion .A ......,....,....,..,..,...,.,,..............,....,.l....,. Charles Hendee Smith Best Research Worker i.......,. ..,........ H omer W. Smith Honorable Memfiozz .,.,.. ............,.... I siclor Greenwald Best Clinical Lecturer ................ Best Preclinical Lecturer ........,.... H 0120121191 e Melzfiofz .....i........ Most Cooperative ............................... Most Interested in Students ...,,...t,.. Most Social .....i..............,,,.....,..........,...,.. Most Erudite ....,,,.,..,...,....,....,, Most Entertaining ........,,.... Charles Hendee Smith joseph H. Globus Homer W. Smith George B. Wallace George B. Wallace Meyer J. Kutisker Emanuel D. Friedman joseph H. Globus X lil XX CGURSIE Favorite Clinical Course ...,.......... Honorable Mention , .....,.... .. Favorite Preclinical Course .......... H ozzomble Mention ,..........,.,,.. Most Useful Clinical Course ...... H ozzonzble Mefiziiozz .,.,.......... Most Useful Preclinical Course Best Conducted Clinical Course IFAWGIRIITIES Pediatrics and Surgery ftiedj Obstetrics Clinical Pathology Pharmacology Pediatrics Medicine Pathology Pediatrics H ozzomble Melztiolz ..,.....,.,,................. ,.,.........-....,-,-- .,----------,--'-.-'.---,-4 S U fgfffb' Best Conducted Preclinical Course ........... ..,..v........,.......................,..,.........., P hHfIHHC01OgY Honorable ivlenfiofz .....1.....,.............. -,----A----- P Hth01OgY, Clinical PHfh0108Y M EAN MCIEWIEN At its final meeting of the school year, the Class of 1938 elected Dean McEwen honorary member of the class. The designation is partic- ularly apt inasmuch as this was the first class to be graduated under the administration of Dr. McEwen. The appointment of Dr. Currier McEwen as Dean of the College of Medicine to succeed the late Dr. John Wyckoff was announced on October 25th, 1957, by Dr. Harry Woodburn Chase, Chancellor of New York University. At the age of 36, Dr. McEwen is one of the young- est medical college deans in the nation. Al- though only twelve years a graduate of the school which he now heads, he is already a ,.,,,s, recognized authority on rheumatic fever and chronic arthritis. The rise of Dr. McEwen in administrative circles has been meteoric. In 1932, four years after completing his internship on the Third Division of Bellevue Hospital, although only thirty years of age, he was appointed Secretary and Assistant Dean of the New York University College of Medicine with the rank of instructor on the faculty. The following year he was made Assistant Pro- fessor of Medicine, and his appointment as Dean follows in the line of his other attainments. In addition to the Deanship, Dr. McEwen succeeds Dr. Wyckoff as Director of the College Clinic. Born in Newark, N. I., April 1, 1902, the son of Antoinette Currier McEwen and the late Dr. Floyd McEwen, the new dean received his preliminary edu- cation at the Newark Academy where he won letters in football, tennis and track. He entered Wesleyan University at Middletown, Connecticut, in 1919 and was graduated magna cum laude in 1923 with the degree of B.S. During his career as a student at the New York University College of Medicine Dr. McEwen was active in school affairs as editor of undergraduate publications, officer of social organizations and president of his class in his junior and senior years. He was awarded the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1926. Dean McEwen's subsequent training included four years of research in rheumatic fever under Dr. Homer P. Swift at the Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research, where he served as an associate in medicine, and further study at the Pathological Institute of the University of Leipzig under Professors Werner Hueck and Fritz Klinge. I-Ie is today an authority on rheumatic fever and chronic arthritis, and the author of several treatises on the clinical, bac- teriological and pathological features of these diseases. MED 1 LECTURE 945 r gw Law .35 -:S CLASS OFFICERS Walfef Dolgin, Pferidelzt . janet Alterman, Secretary Eleanor Hayden, Vice-Premlerzl David Schwimmer, Tf''er JIUINIIOR IHHIS-IVORY The second year would seem to have ended, for most of us at least, on the memorable day of March 15th, 1957. We had just come through the ordeal of newly inaugurated two-year written comprehensives. Second year men could be seen mooning about the Lounge with "slap-happy" expressions, searching for drinking companions. The subsequent ten weeks are now recalled by every junior with envy. Occasionally one may be heard to utter, after a deep sigh, "them were the days." September saw the realization of a two-year ambition which was entertained by most of us, that symbol of class consciousness, the white coat and university emblem, and with it the clinical appurtenances . . . yes, "the real McCoy." Our lack of confidence in those early weeks became overtly manifest by some who witnessed meatotomies by versatile urologists who favor "pressure anesthesia." Others swooned in the GYN clinic. One unfortunate section was cast upon a Neurology ward and asked to take a history and do a complete neurological examination. How crude was their fingering of tuning-forks and rubber ham- mers, compared to the incomparable gyrations of Dr. Friedman running through the same procedure. The year had progressed but little before Dr. Brock's book made Tuesday nights the most odious g and Dr. Studdiford awoke one Monday with a venom- ous heart and sprang his iirst quiz. Then memorable occurrences began to germi- nate: Dr. Charles H fidee Smith flashing weight-curves before us until Qwe thoughtj we could spit infant-feeding formulas by roteg Dr. Rimer's lantern demonstration of scorbutic children running four or five slides ahead of his comments 3 Dr. Fox's warm and sincere farewell tribute, Dr. Douglas teaching cancer of the breast to three front-row enthusiasts, while 117 others pored over "Brock" in last minute review, the strangely reminiscent maneuvers of the masseuses in the Therapeutics demonstrationg Dr. Bluhm saying "They're all professors here." These and countless others. But the grand coup came when Dr. Sutton delivered her rheumatic rhetoric, thus upsetting even the "inside dopesters," who had anticipated a quiz. Many students distinguished themselves. Alexander Maybarduk, by getting the measles . . . Willy Yoslow, by holding the slam bridge hands in the Alex's absence . . . Willy Yawitz, as Dr. Livingston's blackboard man, who, when he was not rechecking his spelling, was snaring grades of classmates with a stealthy eye . . . Harry joseph, as head lantern-man, especially after his exhibition in Dr. Barber's lectures . . . "Wliitney VanKass,,' for his worthy dissertation in the Path Conference . . . Bert Moore, for holding Lillian Batlin's attentions for more than one trimester . .A . Edgar No-Trump Kellerman, for clearly establishing the criteria for passing your partner's two-demand opener . . . Marvin Stern, for "pushing" the most hearts . . . Flo Ziegy Boehm, for successfully combating the Hollywood impressario-scouts . . . Charlie Lippe, in pronouncing the "ch" in cachexia like the "ch" in chick. Our history carries us to the brink of the fourth year, the elixir of the cur- riculum, so we're told. ' --' Irving Abelow Julius B. Abels Janet D. Alterman Joseph J. Amster Evelyn Apogi Harold Axelrod Edgar H. Bachrach Hyman Bal-:st George H. Barmeyer, Cyril Barnert Lillian Batlin David Bauer Charles Beck Ruth B. Benedict Morris R. Berlin Stanley P. Bernstein Hylan A. Bickerman Milton Birnkrant Walter E. Boehm John J. Bookman Maccabae E. Boorstein James R. Breed Sylvan A. Broadman Amos Cahan Caesar Cassano Stella Chess David H. Cohen E. Malcolm Cohen Fen H. Covington Raymond M. Curtis Vincent C. D'Agati Harold Dinken Walter Dolgin Jacques R. Fischl Henry H. Friedman Charles L. Gates Elias H. Gerchick Jerome W. Gerstein Abraham Goldfeder Daniel L. Goldstein Edwin H. Grifhn Stanley Gross J CLASS OE 1939 Hyman Gutkowitz Sidney Handelman Byron L. Hawks Eleanor Hayden Isadore Herman Solomon G. Hershkowitz Norman Herzig Maurice S. Hirschkorn Benjamin Hoffman Herbert B. Holleb Abe L. I-lymowitz Mortimer Iger David C. James Harry Joseph Eugene S. Kaplan Herman Kass Samuel S. Kaufman Edgar A. P. Kellerman S. Earl Kerr Irving G. Kroop Robert M. Lake Norman Lampert Kenneth A. La Tourette Ely E. Lazarus Harold L. Leder Oscar Legault Milton I. Lenobel Thomas G. Letterese Stanley L. Levy Florence G. Liben Charles F. Lippe Abraham Marck Henriette Marcus James Marin Alexander P. Maybarduk James E. McCormack Gwendolyn R. McCullough Julia A. McNeely Seymour W. Meyer Albert F. Misko J. Allison Montague Bertram F. Moore David Mostofsky Jean T. Munzer Irving L. Ochs Scott F. Pedley P. Philip Pollack David L. Presman Ronald E. Prindle Leonard L. Richheimer Alfred H. Rifkin Daniel A. Rock Edmund R. Rosenthal Jonas Salk Margaret D. Schaifner Isidore Scheinblum Benjamin I. Schneiderman David Schwimmer Charles Shafiroff Solomon Sherry Maurice N. Shoor Francis G. Soule, Jr. Seymour E. Spivack John H. Stelter, Jr. Marvin Stern Milton Terris Saul Thomases Paul N. Unger Paul D. Vella Vincent J. Vinci Morris Vinikolf Norman M. Weinrod Charles S. Wise Louis Wolfe Jack Wolfsie William Yankiver Wilbur Yawitz Wilfred Yoslow Seymour Zuckerman SPECIAL STUDENTS Rita M. Gold Hassow O. von Wedel gs B if I ' ga' ey Axim aqgwvmq QSM oowciw- SYS H B ABAAAAAAA el-AAAAAAA-MAA!!!AAA14-ll-K4-ll!-IAAAAAAAA-I-AA44 1 " 4 4 4: 4 b Y E " 4, 'Fm Q . Q b 41 "ww -we Nb 1 'XoQ,OaL,f,5X90252m 0056 N W -1 44 Qqyinxs 1 4, Q WG 1 4, 4, Q Q51- mv C, xv Q, Xybe, K Cc e,c,e.,l9o . V V 4 4 4 Q f, 5 xxx ge, 9,45 o Q vvvvvvvvvvvvv xxx Qsxm xmmzbbbgwxcd .....,. ,.,.,,., 4 .,.,,,., ,,,,,,.,.,..,, C8 N so Qorbnx ...,.....,..,...,.,.,,.,.., ..,,.,.,,..,,,. X wzamwmog. ..,.,...,.. .,.,. ye oiviijxgo Vase ,.,,,.,...,,,..4.,,,, .. .. .... ,. 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E H Wgxwxqxae N5 9 oowxoogvwxlo 65458605 g,g,w4,MQ,,gQ,4 , .. ,bOwxXQ583DNiX1f PM 'n B gs gs as ,wx my .sau q aww, LZ, .1,v1'H1,:xw gmmmnf Y ss may SGP!-ICDMQRES CLASS OFFICERS Charles Speer, Preridefzl Helen Read, Secretary Milton Roemer, Vice-Prefidenl jack Voskamp, Trearurer solatlzomolalr Hnsitolav By the end of its first year, the Class of 1940 resembled the Lost Brigade. Rested or appeased by a long summer, it arrived on First Avenue last fall with less of its pristine desperation, but with considerable apprehension. The in- famous second year was starting, very deliberately and very ominously. The pathology laboratory and museum opened its doors. Cerberus did not guard its gate, nor did Janus cast one glance inward toward the table of gross specimens in pans and glass jars, and another glance on the too adjacent door "For Men". The windows werenot hermetically sealed, and a fellah with a palm did not wave a breeze over the lectern. The end of illusion. Actually, benign Jupiter strode about the lab, accompanied in daily orbits by his two demigods. The mortals, crouched in obeisance over their votive symbols, trembled needlessly. He uttered, graciously, the word, "in order to confuse you even more", but he did not confuse. Presentations were illuminating, not only literally during the rites in the dark, and soon the novitiate too spoke the hier- archic language of the Pathological Temple. 'Occasionally the' scene shifted. It was then Caesar with his two tribunes, who divided his lesions into separate camps, where skirmishing maneuvers were I W! ff Q Q BACTERII T- sti f E'- held. "Will you all please clear your desks? There will be a short quiz." Or suddenly out of a clear and tranquil morning, the lectors announced, "Section A to autopsy." Then an anxious scramble for coats, a daring rush through speed- ing traffic, and a scrambling up a steel stair, breathing deeply exhalations of cadaverine and putrescine. . . the pleura are smooth and glistening." In bacteriology, all the micro-organic enemies of man reposed in ominous glass tubes in shaky racks at each table edge. Laboriously, and so shakily, trans- fers were made from culture to slide, in an atmosphere so tense that it crackled. Prodigies of technique were evolved, tube flaming methods produced daily birthday cakes at each table. The sweet odor of phenol, redolent of patent soaps and spilled test tubes, clung to clothes and hair, the daily dip, the oil immer- sion, became a custom that clung, and modern Ehrlichs, dyed to the knuckles, involuntarily vital stained their partners, while errant bacteria were woefully exposed to life on a table top. Throughout, harassed instructors bled, injected, immunized, examined, ques- tioned and answered experimental experimenting, infected, injected, inquiring and inquisitioned students. The class was wagered a round of mint juleps that someone would pipette antigen into his mouth, it lost ten times over. Several C ?"?fT. students were greatly relieved to hear that the Wassermann antigen was a non- infective extract of beef muscle. And for the very first time, nervous hands tried to push dull hypodermic needles through pachydermic skins of student subjects: the sinister Schick and the dextrous Dick. Finally came the end of the course, a workout in anaphylaxis, a quick turn about the fungi, and the last class conference speaker drew breath. The most ingenious of all examinations, a twenty minute practical, in which one misguided student wandered all afternoon, and the eighth wonder of the world, a two minute oral conference with the genial but searching head of the department. Off with bacteriology, on with pharmacology. From the fourth to the nfth Hoor, from the kaleidoscope to Babel and the cabbage patch. It was here that ways medical came into their own, the official inheritance of the cryptic secrets of prescription writing, the Latinity of the pharmacopeia combined with dis- guising abbreviations, and above all, illegibility. Lectures, particularly those of Dr. Wallace, were remarkably well organized, and facts crammed upon prin- ciple, gave students ample occupation of winter evenings. The weekly quiz sections varied in their characteristics widely, depending on the instructor giving them, they were sessions of organization, discussion of Ql ks grail.. X Q i w iitgfx X tj no X 5 recent lectures, or exposures ofthe class' ignorance. Laboratory periods, besides all else, were exercises in heart-hardening, as lean hounds looked imploring, and licked placatively the hands of students preparing to anesthetize them. The black hand days of physiology returned, with turning drums, smoked wheels, and shellacked levers. In seemly hushes, students strenuously decorous, chased escap- ing frogs, observed frightened dogs with sensitized sacral reflexes. Finally came the course's end, intensive flurried laboratory sessions gave way to gaping silences, while queues of apprehensive students waited, crammed to the ears with facts pharmacological, including the dose of jalap and oil of chen- podium, the action of isoallylhydroxycuprene, the fractions of ergot, the T.I. of cincophen, the U.I. of insulin, and the P.I. of bichloride of mercury. Students asked each other questions, "VUhy can't a cat get 'cold turkey P' Wfhere besides China can you get a yen sleep? Give me a sentence with the word, 'barbiturate'." Then quite gradually, the second trimester ended, bringing with its finish the comprehensive, or rather the 'lapprehensiveu examinations. The old tension of the first year returned for a few weeks. There was the usual beating of breasts, and apologies before the fact, but the old panic had receded. A steadier class settled down to the task of reviewing for three examinations. And so for awhile, the world was closed out-armies marched and dictators muscled-but what was the laboratory diagnosis for Brucella melitensis? What post-mortem change must be distinguished from the ante-mortem changes in the pancreas? What drugs affect the metabolism of fat. What time is it? Very suddenly, spring and the third trimester arrived. "The class will be required to have ophthalmoscopesf' The class was required to buy many more instruments, mystical glassware and impressive metal. And the class was re- quired to listen to lectures, interminable, but not taxing, in all the esoteric field of clinical medicine. Professorial ogres were contrarily judged affable. As the spring sun rose higher, many plunged into a tournament of hearts, but no one went to Bermuda. Prepared for anything, but expecting nothing, the second year class finds that it has grown up. Gone the first year hysteria, gone the anxieties of pathology- if other classes have endured, socan 1940. Martin H. Aaronson Albert E. Abraham Charles N. Accettola Harold L. Adler Milton R. Aisenson Bertram Allenstein Frank Anker Allan R. Aronson Augustus L. Baker, Jr. George L. Baum Eli Bauman Marvin C. Becker George C. Beekman Harold R. Berger James I. Berkman Marvin L. Blumberg Irwin M. Buch Julius Chusid Ludovic V. Claps Charles H. Cole Charles W. De Baun William E. Doherty Patricia C. Donovan Marcelle F. Dunning Michael Eisenstein Irving J. Estrin Morris Feldstein Jennings Fershing Bernard D. Fine Harry Y. Fong Frank A. Fraser Jesse Fuchs Jacques L. Gabrilove Aaron J. Gissen Daniel B. Glickman Bernard S. Goffen Seymour B. Gostin Mervin W. Greenberg Charles M. Grossman Harold Guzzo Fred H. Hanold Graham G. Hawks CLASS OF 1940 Saul Hochheiser Charles G. Huntington Jerome L. Jacobowitz Abraham S. Jacobson Charles E. Jaeckle Saul J. Jaiven Stanislaus H. Jaros Judson H. Jenkins i Benjamin N. H. Kagwa Ephraim Kahn Aaron J. Kaycoif Daniel O. Kayfetz Hilda R. Knobloch Harold M. Landsman Edward Le Moncheck Harry H. Le Veen Joseph Lo Presti William Mackler Jesse W. Mahoney Leonard Maidman John F. Marchand Justin H. May William R. Metzger Bertram W. Miller William Mosig Karl M. Neimand Leon G. Nelson John K. Nevius, Jr. Myra R. Palmer A. Gerard Peters Melvin R. Plancey Helen Read Manuel Rodstein Milton I. Roemer Conrad Rosenberg Julius Rosenberg Grace R. Ross Ira L. Rubin Jeanette L. Rubricius Donald H. Russell James A. Rutherford Julius J. Sachs Arthur Sawitsky Walter S. Schachat Ira L. Schiffer Isadore Schlamowitz Walter S. Schloss Louis A. Schneider Emanuel Schoolnik Seymour Schuback Herbert S. Sharlin Archie A. Silver Jonas H. Sirota Beatrice S. Slater Douglas G. Smiley Raymond F. Spanjer Martin Spati Charles A. Speer Irving L. Sperling Seymour H. Stern Melvin H. Stich Charles F. Stiegler , Ralph S. Stiller Bernard D. Stollman Melvin M. Stone M. Leon Tancer Joseph D. Teicher Joseph E. Teitelbaum Werner Vandenberg Jack R. Voskamp-Trembicki Eugene H. Walzer Saville G. Weisman William E. Wilson John H. Winkley James A. Wolff Jean E. Wolfson Leon Yanishefsky Ruth Zuckerman SPECIAL STUDENTS Oscar Greene Albert Kass Rudolph V. Naumann L 'N kil Z-Z-7 ? 5 Liz I- Q9 Q 1 CLASS OFFICERS William Barber, Preiiderzl Cornelia Wydcoif, S ecrelary Mario Fontanella, Vice-President Harrison Murray, Treaizzrer lFRIESlHlMAN IHIIISTCPRY The class assembled on September Sixteenth, to be pleasantly dazzled by the Main Lecture Hall, and temporarily cheered by Dr. Wallace's welcome. We spent the next few days nervously' fingering our bones and adding to the size of our bunch of keys. We little knew then the horrid total of dimes of which Eddy would mulct us when we came keyless to lab. Dr. McEwen told us that appearances counted more than we might think, that he was sure fwith an anxious lookj that we would always be pressed and shaven, but that he would like us also to be polite and reliable. We have remembered this since, over blank examination papers, and have comforted ourselves with the thought that we never dropped ashes in the smoking room, and almost always let members of the faculty ride in the elevator. ' We faced the Gross Anatomy Lab with perfect calm, quite unprofessional with our spotless coats and shining instruments. We were secure ineour belief that "The body was made before the book", and if we found whole regions with no visible blood supply and entire plexuses missing, we regarded the anomaly with perfect .mug froid. We took immense pride in our work, some of the more conscientious of us even asking Dr. Sheehan for his artery l 1 l '33 5 QV 7l!j nr a , ra., N31 . 1 X l . 66 e ill 'es 33 J .i K an E Xi? , Y N -1 as 1 X Q R9 4 , -Q2 , ..1...a- Y - f- - WEP stretcher to improve the ap- pearance of the dissection. We think We may take a mild pride in our progress in Microscopic Anatomy. We ac- quired at least one conditioned reflexg the sound of a penknife handle knocking on a wooden desk will make any quondam iirst-year man start like a fawn and strain his ears feverishly for a still, small voice from the other end of the room. We learned that elastic fibres could be distinguished from white fibres by their glassy appear- ance-that is, we were told it, and we believed it politely. We learned how to tell mucous from serous cells with no difficultyg if we ever found a parotid with mucous cells we thought it unfortunate, but we knew how hard it was to get good material, and bore no grudge. Our education continued with Chemistry. As the winter drew on we became fitted to answer questions like "How many quarts in a cow ?" to the fourth decimal place, and to solve problems about starvelings and gross feeders with no sympathetic qualms at the pits of our own respec- tive stomachs. We found that our own nitrogen excre- tion was pathological in many cases, but were reas- sured when Dr. Palmer said that he thought that there I was no real cause for worry. There were times when a K A ' X benign Presence made itself felt in the laboratory, and ' upon these occasions we remarked that some of our 1 colleagues dropped to their knees and peered into their lockers with the instinct of a despairing ostrich, - ,- O ,,,, ,B s .f f fn while the more sophisticated drifted unobtrusively to Ay far ends of the room to discuss learned points with - each other. 1' WWTPA. W Physiology taught us that on the fifth floor only the , instructors were allowed to throw things and we 45 9 i.,1fmr",'Q'.fi lf f' X .iq V ,I I X ff 1 4 1 l 51- ' ,1 - 'flig- t:.!LiiliffQ.,iQgg if Ag 2 -f r ' 1 ixk A , J .ILT-Q complied in our courteous fashion. We discovered soon which of us had per- fected an effortless technique for smudging freshly smoked drums, and which of us had the evil eye when we would have liked a preparation to stay alive until after lunch. We learned many odd bits of folklore, particularly that the stomach had not made its bed and therefore did not have to lie on it, which came as a great relief to most of us. Of the sterner side of school there is fortunately little to"be said. We scrupulously followed the advice of upperclassmen, and avoided all worry simply by working steadily, we were always prepared for anything unexpected. True, there was a week in December when only a dogged few came to class or lecture, but we prefer to call it a coincidence that a preliminary examination in anatomy followed hard thereupon. We seem to recall a time in the spring when the very mention of the middle ear, eye, or even the inoffensive knee joint, blanched our cheek, but probably we are mistaken. In our pertinacious thirst for knowledge we did not entirely neglect our social potentialities. Indeed, at the smoker which the Fourth Year Class gave us in October, we cheered our jaded hosts with our youthful enthusiasm. Our gambolings at the Freshman Frolic were likewise consistent with the achieve- ments of the Class of 1941. All in all we approached the end of May with the feeling of a tough job earnestly, if ploddingly, done. Umbert E. Anz Raynold A. Arcuri Hyman L. Aronoff Ralph R. Autorino Donald H. Badner Ruth E. Ball Howard W. Barber, Jr. George Belofsky Herbert J. Bernhardt Edmund M. Braun Alfred E. Brewer Frank S. Butler John MCC. Byrne William H. Chamberlain Bertram Charap Sidney Dann Jerome Dubowy Frank M. Eisenberg Franklin Evans Nathanael M. Fedcle Herbert A. Fishbein Gerald E. Fonda Mario A. Fontanella Milton Freiwald Harold Geist Joseph J. Geller Stephen Getcher Louis Gillman Joseph D. Gioia John P. Glaubitz William S. Goldfarb Abe A. Goldman Frederick Goldstein Max P. Goodfried Norman W. Gordon Robert D. Gourley Marvin C. Green James M. Greer Frederick J. C. Gregorius Boris Guefr Edward M. Gurniewicz William F. Harrigan William A. Henkin Gerald Higgins Ernest C. Hillman, Jr. Herman G. Hofmann Morton Hurewitz LeRoy J. Hyman Richard M. Hyman CLASS OF 1.941 Leslie Irwin Martling B. Jones Lawrence Katz Alexander S. Kaye Samuel Kenigsberg Herman Kleinman Edward C. Kley Dorothy C. Krause Nathan Kreeger Leonard E. Kremer Malvina W. Kremer Daniel Leavitt Julius Leichtling Philip A. Lief John C. Long, Jr. William H. Lutz I. J. Madorsky Wesleyan S. Manning Walter E. Marchand William M. Markel Abba A. Messe Morris B. Miller Reuben Mokotofl David G. Moyer Harrison F. Murray, Jr. Paul F. F. Nace Hazel E. O'Neal Louis R. Orkin Abraham M. Oshlag Mortimer Ostow Barbara A. Parker Benjamin A. Payson Rose E. Perrone Seymour S. Philo Isabel L. Pick Philip Pollack Joseph H. Press Maurice S. Raben Frank Rathauser Harry Rhodes, Jr. Milton Robbins Kenneth Rosenheck Francis Rosner Howard Rosonoff William M. Ross Martin J. Rosten Emanuel Roth Harold H. Rubin , Pasquale A. Ruggieri Clifford Sager Vincent A. Santivasi Leon I. Sasson Elias Savitsky J. Spencer Schefiiing Abraham Schlossman Edward Schneider Jerome J. Schwartz James J. Scielzo Harold M. Shorr Lester M. Silverman Irwin H. Slater Andrew J. Smatko C. Leonard Smith Raymond Sobel Mary H. Spalding Susan B. Spencer Walter I. Spinrad Roger W. Steinhardt Alfred B. Stich Michael Swick Bernard Teschner Seymour Turner David Unterman John D. Van Zandt Albert E. Vernon, Jr. Charles D. Vosburgh Christian G. Ward Maurice A. Weisberg Alvah M. Weiss Fred Wleiss J Gerald Wessler Irwin W. Winfield Stanley J. Wittenberg Zachary Wohl Irving Wolf Leo S. Wool Collier Wright Cornelia A. Wyckoff Stephen B. Yohalem SPECIAL STUDENTS Amy L. Cattley Edwin G. Davenport Mortimer H. Dubovsky Gladys M. Flynn Sidney N. Heller Helen A. Keigher William J. Shiels, Jr. X . mx xx. X X X -, . 1, 'zefz ' .x., . .:...: 1, 5- -. X sb 2:2 , 355.1 N F.. .1 v 1 1 75' 'PT 14- K A , -2 -541 Y .ig X zz: X Hmm- C u xl all g my www ' x T PP-Fw: - favim "gfQi2M:.H P sf W nl i2Zii5'?'ig fi '.1.43g,Tf? ' w- '--w'q5f-- ' ,K ,,.., wsu., .wg 1, VIT I E an H Q. 5 yawn- x w GIEORGIE BARCILAY WAIULAQIF An Appreciation BY ALFRED N. RICHARDS P1-'oferror of Phazmzacology U niv. of Pefmrylwuzia ,- To me has been given the privilege of presenting to this School a portrait of the senior member of the faculty, Dr. George B. Wallace, painted at the request of more than three hundred of his friends by John C. Johansen. I was happy to have been chosen both because I was one of his first pupils here and because of long and intimate friendship which has meant much to me. Let me say first that the responses received by the small group which con- ceived the plan which culminates today would warm Dr. Wallace's heart as it has the hearts of those of us who have seen them. The givers of the portrait include a host of alumni, practically all of his faculty colleagues, teachers of pharmacology from Maine to California, many members of research institutes and academies, and personal friends who have sought out this opportunity of expressing affection for him and for the school in which so much of his life has been spent. While it is most natural on this occasion to emphasize the good fortune which has accrued to the School by reason of Dr. Wallace's long and still- continuing .service in it, it may not be inappropriate for me to bring to your notice the good fortune, not to say good luck, which has attended this young man not only during the years in which we have known him but for long before he was born. Scotch ancestry and parentage, in which the idealism of medicine, pioneer- ing enterprise and acumen in affairs were blended, produced him and permitted him to grow up in one of the less conventional sections of the country. When he came east to study medicine at Michigan he found himself one of the few Scotsmen, perhaps the only one, in his class. What an extraordinary piece of good fortune it was that the ablest member of the Michigan faculty should have been another Scotsman, Arthur Cushny, that the renowned clannishness of the Scotch should have brought them together in a close association which continued during the rest of Cushny's life. That association subjected young Wallace to the discipline and inspiration which that rugged, critical, gifted and wholly lovable teacher and investigator could provide. n ili eur e urdugf ulluw: V viva- H , b . V .:-'fve.-gm 7 f A L H FU , , fr.,-......,..,,,.,,.,, .zf kewl.. . es if , - 1 if t U, 1 1, r 5 W 5 A r wg , . N, Q32 ' H 1 'va ku " W ww ij ,I 15 F gr 1 x 1' g l hllvgf uf ehiirinv iif elv ilrk linvrfaiig fakeg 11115 means ofexpressing, Us graiihlbe for cmb. - appreciafion ofgom' ever consfcmf efferls io fosfer UNUR, lKi11bli1?4Z55,gO211' wise anb willing counsel, an io beep insiglzi info shrbeni problems have mabe gon a mosi powerful forceln The bevelopmeni of flue Stl1lflQI'l,LfQ0. 1011011 anb slubeni selfgovernmeni in ilae college. R4 I J Y 'fu 162' i Bi felicifale gon as a feacl1er,1'e5pecfgouasa coiingwelor Clllb confcsanf, :mb abnzire you as Cl man. Ql1vfSliufi nI1i5 1!uuril4fo1- tlmSt11fie11l5Q1:i11Ei11iinn 119, , ,.lg,. ,W 'mm -:vga I 5:.5Lc1l1fLc :jimi ,'58, I 'jf 5.,..E,..,EN, Glwlmlimzf EKQQA4 75 5 , TR E AS U W E R Sfaul Q-Lnqffa.f1.,, ' 39, L S ECE ETARY Glflfiltmlm- ffbruzbefu, '41 977coJrukli.w 550011013211 Qffao 11942, 12' G.cL11n1 an, '40 Glfmlulanli 0b"Ll1f1bl15,', '38 ,iliffceol fjl5fCC'SVCfL!, '41 Q-hcvulaaf Symeefzf, '4-O Sielluf Q'lw.ob4 '59 95,cfufLc1fLd 6l5lfeiol.f55 Gl5Ual'c.cfLf Q oi? ln, '39 jean Qqfolfa Onf, '40 -- e w rresitfmlfSMLQSS,-zz N - sglbenf welfare anb io improveStlllfiEIlI'HllflllTQ relalions. What another piece of extraordinary good fortune for him it was that when, in 1901, the faculty of this school decided that pharmacology should have its first representation in a New York school, Cushny's advice should have been sought, a cable was sent to the Philippines where Wallace, in the guise of a Medical Ofhcer of the U. S. Army, was engaged in hunting insurrectos, that he gave up that type of adventure and having sowed a fraction of his wild oats, came here to Bellevue where his career is still in progress. The chief element of good luck in this crisis of his life is to be found in the quality of the faculty which called him to become one of them. At that time, just after the turn of the century, the number of men in New York who had any clear foreshadowing of the coming developments of science in its re- lation to medicine was small: and it happened that more of them were con- tained in the "Bellevue" faculty than in any other similar group in New York. The best part of it was that they were young-young enough to take Wallace in as a friend and partner, but enough older that that friendship and partner- ship was received with the appreciation of the privileges which it deserved. Recall their names: john A. Mandel, Chemistry, Graham Lusk, physiology, Edward Dunham, pathology, Christian Herter, pathological chemistry, William H. Park, bacteriology, Hermann Biggs, public health and medicine, Egbert Le Fevre, Dean. In the clinical background, or forefront if you like, were such hgures as the elder Janeway, Bryant, Stewart and Keyes. The average age of the lirst seven I've named was 58.6 years-range 35 to 45 fWallace was 265. They were the ones who, with as many more from other institutions in the city, were to play leading parts in the transformation of medical New York, which was then scarcely begun and which is now so amazing. Still another piece of good fortune:-there wasn't much money to spend on equipment, assistants and technicians. Every man had to do his own job, pretty much all of it. I think that Mandel and Lusk had each only one assistant, Wallace was his own assistant. I-Ie was allowed to use Lusk's laboratory for teaching but when he needed extra apparatus he had to make it and that as economically as it could be done. In his research fof course, being a pupil of Cushny's he had to get some research going at once, he's kept it going ever sincej if physical apparatus were needed he had to improvise it, if chemical methods were requisite he had to learn and carry them through himself. These deprivations, which might shock and distress the 26-year old youngsters of today, necessitated and produced a resourcefulness and self-reliance which could scarcely have been otherwise obtained. This apprenticeship continued for a few years, then, having proved himself, the University gave to Dr. Wallace the title of Professor, and it is the comple- tion of thirty years of that professorship that we are today commemorating. With these beginnings it's not in the least surprising to find Wallace's name connected with nearly every good word and work of medical New York in the years since then, that when Lusk's mind conceived the Harvey Society, Wallace was one of the three or four of his intimates with whose help it was shaped, that in similar fashion he participated in Meltzer's creation of the "Meltzer- verein"g that he was a founding member of the American Society of Biological Chemists, of the American Pharmacological Society of Clinical Investigation- has been president at one time or another of most of them and an almost per- petual member of their councils. It's not surprising to find that as trustee and member of important committees he has had a responsible share in the develop- ments of the New York Academy of Medicine which have accomplished a genuine renaissance of that institution, that he has served the Mayor in such committees as those on Drug Addiction and on the Medical Aspects of Crim- inal Law, and in this University as member of its Senate and organizer of its Medical Alumni Association. If, to avoid embarrassing laudation, I have related these accomplishments to Wallace's antecedents, training, the responsibilities put upon him, the com- parative poverty of his early professional circumstances and the expectations of gifted colleagues who had confidence in him, the inference will surely not have been missed that they would not have been realized had a responsive spirit and capacity been lacking. Admiration for these accomplishments, however, and pride in them are not chiefly responsible forthis portrait and the tribute which it represents. We must look for something else. That something else is, I think, to be found in his less austere, more intimate associations with his students and with his friends. I'm not alluding to his teach- ing. That is universally regarded as the best and soundest teaching of Pharma- cology in the country. You see, Wallace has neverbeen able to forget that he's a doctor. He's always kept connection with hospital wards and with individual patients. He's been interested in what pharmacology, and the insight which it gives, can do not only for Medicine as a great impersonal art or science, but for people who are sick, whose names and ills and whose troubles he knows. He's never been able to forget that he's teaching future doctors, not pharmacologists. I understand that that blemish is not widely held against him. What his students have intuitively known was that here was a man, with a background of youthful adventure mingled perhaps with folly, ripened by mature experience, with deep understanding not only of scholastic trials but of a wide range of personal perplexities, to whom they could come, lay all the facts before him, confident of penetrating projection of his own mind and heart into them and confident of receiving suggested solutions character- ized by sympathy, judgment and wisdom. The same may be said of a multitude of friends who have placed the same reliance upon him. - Now let me uncover johansen's painting. You see splendidly portrayed the qualities of which I have been speaking, the dignity of years and experience. The Committee is proud to present to you, Mr. Dean, such a true work of art. With it you receive a wealth of affection, not only for Dr. Wallace, but also for the School which has fostered him and for which, in the hearts of many, he is the chief representative. Of one thing we are sure: that the greatness of Uni- versities consists in nothing other than the character, ability and devotion of rnen like this. TIHHE STUIIDIENTS' ASSOCIIATIIQN With the building of a Students' Lounge in 1933, a Students' Associa- tion was conceived and organized with a definition of objectives as "the fostering of student fellowship and the encouragement of corporate student activities." Five years have now elapsed since that epochal time, and a review of what has transpired in the interim, in the annals of the growth of the Students' Association would fulfill even the wildest dreams of its founders. The association has a healthy growth, it has achieved great successes. It is now recognized, without challenge, as the greatest single factor in the student life of the College of Medicine. When we realize the great changes that have come into student activities in such a short period of time, we can really expect that the future holds much in store for the Students' Association. During the past year, a body of thirteen, the Student Council, was again at the administrative reins of the Association. An inventory of the business of the Council for the year will convince all of the rapid progress that has been made in the development of our student life. With the sudden passing of Dr. John Wyckoff last Spring, the Student body lost a true friend, an inspiring teacher, and a guiding light. There is no doubt that Dr. Wyckoff did more for the Medical College than any one of his eminent predecessors. His deep insight into student problems inspired him to I-lerculean efforts on behalf of the building of a Lounge for students. It is no more than Htting that this Lounge to which he devoted so much of his effort bear his name. And so, the Student Council decided that the Student Lounge be hence- forth called the Wyckof Memorial Lounge. Through contributions volunteered by the Student body a fund was raised to erect a plaque in the Lounge in his memory, to mark for all time a symbol of all the virtues that characterized his life. The finances of the Students' Association have always been a source of consternation to Councils in the past. And this year it has been no exception. SIDNEY KATZ STUDENT COUNCIL CLASS OF 1938 Walter Kees, T1'eaJzz1'e1f Bernard Weisl William Obrinsky CLASS OF 1939 Paul Unger, Secretfzry Walter Dolgin Stella Chess Sidney Katz, Prericlefzt CLASS OF 1940 Charles Speer George Beekman jean Wolfson CLASS OF 1941 William Barber Alfred Brewer Franklin Evans However, a real milestone in the annals of the Association was passed with the recent completion of the last payment of the Lounge debt by the Council. This no doubt will be a great advance in dispelling the financial woes which have continually hampered the Association in the past, and will make avail- able now each year a more substantial sum of money for use in the mainte- nance and the care of the Lounge. The unparalleled success of the Curriculum Committee of past years prompted the Council to organize another such unit. Great strides were made by entertaining opinions from all Students individually concerning courses, lectures and examinations. It was with a great sense of satisfaction of work well done that the report of this committee met with almost universal ap- proval among the various departments in the college with reassurance that many of the suggested reforms would be put into effect. With the passage of Amendment VII, Article IV of the Constitution of the Students' Association at the annual meeting last Spring, the Student Council was authorized to recognize groups of students on the campus as organizations, and the following organizations were recognized: Sigma Omega Psi, Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Lambda Kappa, Phi Delta Epsilon, Lambda Phi Mu, William Welcli Society, American League for Peace and Democracy, the Medical Psy- chology Club, Friends of the LeFevre Library and the Association of Medical Students. And in accordance with this classification of Student organizations, a permanent scale of fees for the use of the Lounge was designed and put into effect. Through the seemingly indefatiguable efforts of Editor-in-Chief Silson and his competent Publications Staff, five issues of the BULLETIN together with the annual VIOLET were published. It is noteworthy that these publications were far less costly to the Students' Association than the Violet alone had been for several years. The addition of cost-hound Shackman to the Publica- tions Staff as comptroller was a great help in keeping to the frugal side of the budget. The gratitude of the Student Council is extended to Editor Silson and the entire Publications Staff, and congratulations for a very fine job. Among the functions of the Student Council is to promote social activities on our campus. Such successes as the Violet Dance, the Senior Freshman Re- ception, the New Year's Eve Dance, the Third Year Show and others were important highlights on the social calendar. One of the first acts of the Council was to set up a permanent and official Council Bureau to secure tickets for concerts and dance recitals at lower cost to students. Through its efforts over two hundred tickets were made available to students. Besides, the activities of the Council have included the stimulation of various organizations under the aegis of the Association, and nnancial assistance was tendered on several occasions. An outstanding example was the contribution by the Student Council to the cost of sending delegates to the Chicago con- vention of the Association of Medical Students which was attended by many students from New York University. The Council also lent financial assistance to the proposed acquisition of a bust of the late William Snyder, better known as Toby, for the Lounge. Together with other student organizations, the Council joined in the efforts of the Peace Committee in the Armistice Day Peace meeting. The Student Welfare Committee is one which vitally concerns the Student body. Cooperating and working with the Student Council, they were always in intimate contact with undergraduate activities. The appointments of Dr. Emanuel D. Friedman and Dr, john H. Mulholland, teachers whom we have known as friends and who always have shown themselves to be interested in the problems that confront the student body, to the Committee already dis- tinguished by the presence of Drs. Wallace and Cannan was a great asset to the Students' Association. A host of matters were discussed at these meetings: reports on various campus organizations and publications, a detailed report of the Sinking Fund, routine physical examinations and better medical care for the students. Through the cooperation of Dr. Studdiford, the students' room on the obstetrical wards was finally completely furnished, after many years of fruitless effort by the Student Council. This will assure great comfort to the seniors during long hours of hopeful waiting. Gymnasium facilities were obtained through the cooperation of the Department of Parks at the East 54th St. School gymnasium. Recreational facilities were improved at the college itself by the acquisition of a ping-pong table and equipment. Larger and more sanitary lunch rooms were furnished and much needed new lockers were pro- vided. Furnishings in the rest rooms were replaced by more comfortable and modern equipment. The committee also considered such matters as the con- tinuation of N. Y. A. positions in the school, and an investigation of the dropping of two students from the school because of lack of funds. It was iitting, then, with the accomplishment of such manifold activities by the Welfare Committee, that the student body partook in the presentation of a portrait to the Chairman of the Committee, Dr. George B. Wallace, a gift to the Medical College from its Alumni and from the students and friends of Professor Wallace. In addition, at the regular annual meeting of the Associ- ation, Dr. Wallace was presented with an illuminated testimonial in apprecia- tion of his thirty-six years of activity as one of the most inspiring teachers and the most valued and beloved counselor to the host of students whose good fortune placed them under the sphere of his influence. These are the outstanding achievements of the Student Council during the past year. As we take leave of the Student body, we fervently hope that future Councils will continue the work of shaping the growth of the Students' Associ- ation. The Constitution is in the process of revision, this must be completed. More intimate relations between students of all races, sex, color and religion at the college should be encouraged. Administrative procedures must be worked out, consolidation and control of the various Council activities must be simplified. Closer faculty-student relations and ideas should be forced. And to those that follow, the Student Council for 1937-1938 says-"Good Luck." SIDNEY KATZ VIIUILIET DANQIE Q? A, 4 QQ C39 HOUSE COMMITTEE CLASSOF1938 ' Harold Kaufman joseph Feibusch, Chairman Richard Schoonover CLASS or 1939 CLASS OF 1940 CLASS OF 1941 Irving Abelow Archie Silver A. Stanley Kaye Jerome Gerstein Charles Jaeckle Don Baclner ii fx l H 1 was B vga ss 2 ,X .Q 51 B . iw my M Qhwm W mnmwnf , Hmmm gnmggem Q88 SSH BH .mg Q - E A. . . . , :M . Q-H ii Him E E Q . Q , gm. 'B E588 A551 ' 1 qi gg, Hglgl a ll ri ' mm 'fm , .-msc ,E M 2, H lim mgmlqj - E. 5 . mggkwww wirai' Ei: xo nm '15 B151 5: 59' an v Lx on A 3 34 :AS as om as mm Bm., , gy ss my pr- E an 1 'Q n mwwmmmm is in -fn m is H is is is mmm n mm: M E H - ' is smm im ss asa M ii avi wk 7 ESQ H EQ Tw ig Lag E Q 5 my m , W ss mu M me m na mi-A sang an um X s, H w ws , . msgf: a mr an mm Ein aims D-,sums m ami an mgkm wi: -sux-ggigrgmyi, Him E . ms ss n A gsm E E are wi aim, H 'I W? H. - El W 1 gal am gin x M B nnnmm E .K, H H X X s B W Y 5 w no an mm mn ww - aww Q Mmm sz-- Q y 1 is - as C. n mx IEI IITURIIAIL EOARID Ei Q E, an 2 as john E. Silson, ,38 Editor William Hoffman, '38 Asfocidte Editor Nathan A. Goldstein, '38 Violet Editor Milton Terris, '38 Bzilletirz Editor Ely Perlman, '38 Art Editor Nathan H. Shackman, '38 Comptroller K ms XE K a f Q1 Bagan 2 gg-mana H H E x is ,Sm-1 H MQNQQ , Q Q 5 -gym -is ss, E mx as mm gal K B . ss- ,W megan , H Z- , En im K- Exif, in :HIWHZZZ M gs 'Aiwa .ylgm mm , 'n, 'nm .gf - f- 3 B B ww H5 mam: a is Ex, x K ss an nm ss H ., H iv in Q 1 si mai wxmi. nm if in 21 xii ss an EY' i- mg iw B ss ex um is a IEI IITURS NOTE It is with a somewhat strange mix- ture of feelings that we sit down to write this, our last words as an undergraduate student at the College of Medicine. There is an intense feel- ing of joy at the thought of getting out, of really entering the "struggle ' for existence" for the first time, of assuming the responsibilities we have looked forward to for so many years. And yet we will miss the school: the long hours in lab, ward and libraryg the exams, announced and unex- pectedg the extra-curricular activities, publications, organizations and all the other activities to distract us from our chief task of acquiring a medical . educationg the social side, from for- mal dances to "hearts" playing in JOHN E' SILSON the Lounge. The endless charts and routine urines and blood counts we shall not miss, but we can count on our internships to keep them before us for a good long while to come. In the same way, it is with mixed emotions of gladness and sorrow that we take leave of the school publications, chief source of our trials and tribulations for the past three years. We are glad in a way to be rid of the headaches that are the lot of every editor, but sad at the thought of not having them any more. Despite our sighs of relief, we know full well that we are going to miss them: the forlorn attempts to find someone to write anything when needed, the long nights spent typing the almost inclecipherable manuscripts from staff members who "unfortunately don't know how to type", cutting down to half the overlong articles so precious that "you'll destroy the whole meaning if 53352 you take out a single word," the almost impossible task of getting Cllllffjtif photographs of student activities, the last minute writing of all the incidentals, the long conferences with the Art Editor and printer trying to arrive at a happy compromise between the exigencies of Art, editorial policy, and the limitations of the printing press, then galley proofs, dummying, more proofs, more conferences, and then the final moment of pride and joy that repays us manifold-the finished publication. We sincerely' hope that the fruits of our labors have been worth the head- aches and worries involved, not to mention the time and energy expended. That the MEDICAL BULLETIN has been appreciated, we have no doubt, the eagerness with which it has been received by both students and faculty, and the many comments on it which have trickled back to our ofiice have been ample recompense for our work. Now we present this, our very last effort, with the hope that it will be equally well received. It is useless for us to point out the planning and labor that were necessary in bringing the MEDICAL VIOLET to press. The finished product alone is the thing that will be judged. Any measure of success that the Violet will achieve may be attributed in part to the untiring energy of William Hoffman, Associate Editor, and to the artistry of Eli Perlman, Art Editor. We are also indebted to Frank Anker, Copy Editor, Nathan Goldstein, Managing Editor of the Violet, Milton Terris, Managing Editor of the Bulletin, and Philip Sechzer, Exchange Editor, for their valuable assistance. Special thanks are due to Nathan Shackman, Comptroller, Isidor Bernstein, Distribution Manager, and Harold Kaufman, Advertising Manager whose jobs entailed a great deal of the mechanical drudgery incidental to publication. Among the lower classrnen must be mentioned Bill Weisman for his candid photography, Charles Wise for his Disneyesque dwarfs, and justin May and Seymour Schuback for their many literary efforts. Of no inconsiderable value were the advice and cooperation offered at all times unstintingly by the members of the administration and of the faculty, and the aid given by the various administrative and secretarial staffsof the college. For his expert assistance and understanding in every phase of our work we extend our appreciation-and thanks to Dave Miller of the Strathmore Press. To Arthur Studios we likewise extend our appreciation for their unfailing advice and assistance in all matters pertaining to photography. Acknowledgment is also due Fairchild Aerial Surveys, Inc., N. Y. C., for their aerial photograph of the College of Medicine. lPlllllBilLllCA'lVllQDNS STXXIFIF Isidor Bernstein Nathan Goldstein William Hoffman Elias Gerchick Frank Anker justin May CLASS or 1958 Harold Kaufman William Ohrinsky Seymour Rinzler Philip Sechzer CLASS OF 1959 Stanley Levy Alexander Maybarduk CLASS OF 1940 Milton Roemer Seymour Schuback Archie Silver CLASS or 1941 Nathan Shackman john Silson Montague Ullman Milton Terris Ralph Stiller Saville Weisman William Barber Alexander Kaye MLIPIHIA OMIEGA Alllllllbllek FRATRES IN FACULTATE Simon R. Blatteis Morris Block Anthony Bogatko Lester Breidenbach Samuel Brock Marshall S. Brown, jr. Samuel A. Brown Endre K. Brunner jesse G. M. Bullowa Joseph J. Bunim Robert K. Cannan Eugene Calvelli Victor Carabba Herbert Chasis joseph E. Connery Arthur C. DeGrafT Clarence E. de la Chapelle Albert A. Epstein William Filler Emanuel D. Friedman Thomas J. Galvin William Goldring Leonard I. Goldwater Thomas A. Gonzales Robert S. Goodhart Morris Goodman Charles Gottlieb Edward B. Gresser Claude E. Heaton I. Seth Hirsch Frederick C. Holden Henry Horn Norman jollillfe Sophia J. Kleegman George A. Koenig Arnold Kotller Meyer J. Kutisker H. Herbert Landon Louis Lange Herman H. Lardaro Oswald LaRotunda Jacques M. Lewis Hyman Lieber Edward L, Livingston Luther B. MacKenzie Currier McEwen Evan W. McLave Lillian Milgram Harry Most john Mulholland Wallace B. Murphy joseph Nash Harry O'Connor William H. Park Elaine P. Ralli Bret Ratner Louis Razinsky Albert B. Sabin Harold D. Senior James A. Shannon Irwin E. Siris Charles H. Smith Homer W. Smith Harry A. Solomon Francis W. Sovak Mortimer D. Speiser Samuel Standard Melvin L. Stone William Studdiford Mills Sturtevant Douglas Symmers Evan W. Thomas Robert P. Wadhams Robert P. Wallace Alice Waterhouse Irwin Wellen Hippolyte M. Wertheim S. Bernard Wortis Arthur M. Wright jack Yaeger ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA FOUNDED 1902 Prefzdent .....,..............,..A............. Vzce-Pre.fzdent ................................. S 6'CI'6f4Z1'y and Tfearzzrer Max E. Cytryn Rudolph E. Drosd john L. Feldman Leo Kaplan Irving G. Kroop DELTA CHAPTER OFFICERS CLASS OF 1958 Paul E. Kaunitz Karl R. Paley William A. Pindar CLASS OF 1959 Henriette Marcus CHAPTER ESTABLISHED 1924 Robert F. Pitts Rudolph E. Drosd Victor Carabba Robert F. Pitts Leslie B. Roberts Milton Sapirstein H. Leonard Schlesinger Jonas Salk Wllllllllelhfl. WIEILCIHI SUCCIHETY "Younger phyricianr .fhould light their torches at the jirer of the ancient!"-Rohitanrh y We who are about to devote our lives to medicine may well inquire how our art and our science has come to be what it is today. What has preceded usg what men, what movements laid the foundations for the medical facts and the medical philosophy of the present? Wherice comes our rich cultural heritage? The sole requirement for membership in the Society is the presentation of a paper on any phase of medical history of the candidate's choice. Meetings are held about twice monthly at which papers are read and discussions held. During the year the following papers were presented: Arahian Medicine, by Stanley Gross, '39. Richard Bright and His Uforler, by Leonard Richheimer, '39, Philip Syng Phyrich, by Allan Aronson, '40, Specialization in Medicine, by Milton Roemer, '4O. Story of Puerperal Fever, by Herbert Holleb, '39, foreph Leidy, M.D., by Frederick Goldstein, '41. History of Blood Tranrfurionr, by Alfred Rifkin, '39, The Anterior Pituitary Gland, by Harvey Poliakoff, '38, Philippe Ricard, by joseph Feibusch, '38. The annual award for the best paper by an entering member, a copy of Dr. Ralph Major's "Classic Descriptions of Disease," was presented to Stanley Gross, '39. Special meetings were held with Dr. Donald Sheehan, on The Hirtory of the Autonomic N ernour Syrtefn and with Dean Currier McEwen on American Med- ical Education. Dr. Constantino Zaino, an alumnus of the College, presented a paper on Art in Egyptian Medicine, 'and an informal meeting was held with Dr. Heaton on Medical Lihrarier, with his own fine collection illustrating the subject. The annual closing meeting was held on May 23rcl, in conjunction with the N.Y.U. Medical Society. The group was honored by the presence of Dr. Francis R. Packard of Philadelphia, who spoke on The Teaching of Anatomy in London and Edinburgh during the Late Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries. The Society takes pleasure in announcing the election of two honorary mem- bers, Dr. Donal Sheehan and Dr. Francis R. Packard. WILLIAM WELCH SOCIETY President ....,...... S ecretafy ........ Leonard Ehrlich joseph Feibusch Nathan A. Goldstein Irving Abelow Stanley Gross OFFICERS MEMBERS CLASS OF 1938 Paul E. Kaunitz Harvey Poliakoff Seymour H. Rinzler CLASS OF 1939 Herbert B. Holleb Leonard L. Richheimer CLASS OF 1940 Seymour Rinzler, ,58 Irving Abelow, '39 Philip H. Sechzer Max Spring Bernard A. G. Weisl Alfred H. Rifkin Benjamin I. Schneiderman Alan Aaronson Milton Roemer CLASS OF 1941 Frederick Goldstein ASSQCIIATHCPN Ulf MIEDIICAII. STUIDIENTS Since its ofhcial organization in March, 1936, as an outgrowth of the Third Annual Eastern Medical Students Conference at Yale, the Association of Med- ical Students has steadily and rapidly grown in membership, popularity and in- fluence until it is now the leading medium of medical student opinion and ex- change of ideas. High among the leaders of this organization, which has mem- bers in most every medical school throughout this country and Canada, are the very active members enrolled in the New York University College of Medicine Chapter. , At the First Annual Convention of the Association, held during the Easter vacation of 1957 at johns Hopkins University Medical School, the New York University medical students, comprising one of the largest delegations, stepped promptly to the fore in the organization of the various committees and the plans for the future of the Association. Norman Spitzer, '58, played an active part in the work of the Nominations Committee, while Oscar Legault, '59, was appointed Editor of the jouwzfzl of the Arrociaztiofz of Medica! Slzzdelzzfr, official publication of the Association. Under Legault's leadership, the jozzrmzl steadily improved in content and interest, and the requests for it became so widespread that 25,000 copies had to be printed monthly to satisfy them. Shortly after the beginning of this past school year, Legault withdrew as Editor of the f.A.M.S., and his place was taken jointly by Lee Janis, '40, and Milton Roemer, '40. Under their combined leadership, the journal featured articles by some of the outstanding medical men in this country, added several regular features to the publication, and in certain other respects increased its fame and popularity. Daniel Kayfetz, '40, as Art Editor, Seymour Gostin, '40, as Circulation Manager, and justin May, '40, as Exchange Editor, are three other members of the N.Y.U. Chapter on the staff of the j.A.ZVl.S. who have also materially aided in its tremendous success. At the Second Annual Convention of the Association, held in Chicago last December 29th to 31st, the six official delegates from the N.Y.U. College of Medicine Chapter again played leading roles. Lee Janis, Milton Roemer and justin May led the discussion at the very popular symposium on Medical Licen- .fure and the S pecialzier conducted by the New York Region, while Ephraim Kahn, '40, as chairman of the Legislative Committee, and Charles Grossman, '40, as a member of the Nominations Committee, also won official thanks from the assembled delegates for their sincere efforts. At home, too, the N.Y.U. Chapter has undoubtedly been as active and success- ful as any other chapter in the country. Numerous prominent physicians and edu- cators addressed crowded and interested assemblages of students at regular symposia held in the Green Room of the Lounge, the topics generally being those which were considered to be of the most vital importance to medicine and medical students at the moment. Dean Currier McEwen, Dr. Homer Smith, Dr. I. W. Held, and Dr. Endre Brunner of the faculty, and Dr. Alexander von Beyer, medical economist to the Twentieth Century Fund, and Dr. L. Brahdy, ASSOCIATION OF MEDICAL STUDENTS OFFICERS President ...v.................... .....,.......,......,,...........,......... ......... M i lton Sapirstein, '38 Vice-President ...,.,,.,......,....A........ ............ G eorge Beekman, '40 Recording Secretary ,.............,.A... ...A.........,....., G race Ross, '40 Corresponding Secretary .........,.... ......... O lga Frankel, '38 Treasurer .....................................,....... .........,... E dwin Griffin, '39 Regional Representative ......... ............. N orman Spitzer, '58 famous bacteriologist, are well-known medical figures who addressed these symposia. As an integral part of the New York Region of the Association of Medical Students, comprising the N.Y.U. College of Medicine, New York flilower Hospitalj Medical College, Cornell Medical School, Long Island College of Medicine, and the College of Physicians and Surgeons, the N.Y.U. Chapter played a major role in the plans for a regional Conference held on Saturday, April 23rd. Not only was the Chapter host for the many exhibits of the greatest variety, and for the symposium on Syphilis and Public H ealzlr, attended by men such as Drs. Foster Kennedy, Howard Fox, Harry Mustard, Clarence Bandler, john D'Alboia, Horatio Williams, and C. C. Pierce, but the Student Lounge was also the scene of a dance that night for the delegates and their guests. At the close of its first active season on the N.Y.U. University College of Medicine campus, the local chapter looks back with considerable satisfaction on an interesting and active year, and anticipates even greater achievements in the future. MIEDIICAIL lPSYClHlUlLOGY C ll ll IB Although one may be justified in believing that only a small number of med- ical students out of a graduating class will become psychiatrists, it is becoming increasingly evident that a knowledge of the psychologic implications of disease is of vital and immediate interest to those engaged in the practice of medicine. It was for the purpose of making this relationship clear, that the Medical Psy- chology Club was founded, and during the three years of its activity it has met with an appreciative response from the student body. The program of the Club has consisted of weekly seminars conducted by members of the faculty and monthly evening meetings at which prominent psy- chiatrists were invited to speak. The seminars held during the current year were as follows: Dr. Lauretta Bender .,..,.... ,A,,,,,,,,,,.l,,,,.,,,,,,,,,.4 C bild Pyyfbology Dr. Frank Curran ............... ........... I ntroducziofz to Prycloology Dr. Walter Bromberg .,....,.... ...........,.......,....... C 1'f77Zi7ZLZl Prycbology Dr. Sylvan Kaiser .....,.. ,......,..,.,.. ..i................ P 5 yclaiazry in Gezzeml Practice The evening meetings were replete with new formulations and stimulating discussions. Dr. Manfred Sakel described his early experiences with insulin in dementia praecox. Dr. Bernard Glueck outlined the psychiatrists approach to the problem of crime. Dr. Schilder's talk on the Pryrbofzmzlyrif of Economics shed a clearer light on the meaning of political economy. Dr. Ross and Dr. DeGraff presented the viewpoint of the psychiatrist and of the internist, respec- tively, on the relationship of psychiatry to medicine. The use of drama and theatrical techniques in psychotherapy formed the basis of talks by Dr. Curran and Dr. Wittels. The successful completion of this program is directly due to the unfailing efforts of Dr. Paul Schilder and the members of the faculty conducting the seminars. For this cooperation, the Medical Psychology Club wishes to express its sincere gratitude. Those of us who have enjoyed all three years of this extra- curricular training will let our keener and more sympathetic understanding of the role played by psychogenic processes in determining the clinical picture serve as tribute. MEDICAL PSYCHOLOGY Prefidem' ,..,,.. ...,........ Vice-Pfe.ridemf ................,..... C 0 r1'e.rp01zdi1zg Sec1'eta1'y ....A.A,, Treafznfer ..............,A,......,........,..,...A Advertifing Mmzager .,..,,.... . Recording .S'ec1'e!a1'y .A.,...... OFFICERS CLUB Monte Ullman Olga Frankel Eleanor Hayden Daniel Kayfetz, Milton Roc-:mer Myra Palmer, 3 7 9 AlVlllER.IICAN ILIEAGUIE POR PIEACIE AND IDIEMOCRACY The New York University College of Medicine Chapter of the American League for Peace and Democracy has been active throughout the college year. Well-attended regular meetings were held on alternate weeks, and on numer- ous occasions guest speakers were secured for the intervening week. The name of the organization was changed during the year from the Amer- ican League against War and Fascism to its present designation. This action, taken at the annual Congress held in Pittsburgh in November, and to which the N.Y.U. Medical Chapter sent a delegate, was designed to remove the stigma sometimes felt against groups that are always "agin' somethin'." The resulting positive designation, while preserving clearly the aims of the organization, has made possible wider co-operation with other groups of like sentiment. The subject receiving the most attention during the year has been the struggle of the Chinese people against japanese aggression. Appropriately, the high point of the chapter's activities was a benefit dance which netted the sum of 35170 for medical aid to China. The dance, held on March 19th, was sponsored jointly with the Faneuil Weisse Society of the New York University College of Dentistry, and the splendid response of both student bodies was highly gratify- ing. The League was also active in spreading the boycott against japanese goods by the sale of buttons and other publicity means. Members of the League assisted in the drive to collect funds for the China Aid Council. Numerous interesting talks on the Chinese situation were given by guest speakers. Other subjects receiving attention from guest speakers were the struggle of Spain against Franco and his Fascist allies, conditions within Nazi Germany, described by an exchange student recently returned from Naziland and by the well-known war German refugee, Maria Halberstadtg the problems raised by the anrclalzm' with Austria, and similar highlights of the struggle to preserve peace and democracy here and abroad. General discussions on such topics were held at these meetings and motion pictures dealing with recent events in China and Spain were shown. Instances of co-operation with other groups in the student body were nu- merous. At the League's urging, the Student Council sent telegrams to Wasli- ington, advocating consideration of peace legislation at the present session of Congress. Numerous signatures were obtained on petitions requesting enactment of the O'Connell Peace Bill. The League, through representation on the Per- manent Peace Committee of the College, has cooperated in sponsoring two student-wide rallies for peace. The first, held on Armistice Day, was addressed by the Rev. Walter Daniels and by Bert Wittg the second, scheduled to coincide with the nation-wide Student Peace Strike on April 27th, was addressed by Prof. Berry Burgurn of New York University and by Dr. Irving Busch. Social activities of the Chapter included a New Year's Eve dance at which an excellent time was had by those attending, and the sponsoring of a highly successful theatre party at which the Federal Theatre's dramatization of hous- ing conditions, One Third of a Nation, was the attraction. AMERICAN LEAGUE FOR PEACE AND DEMOCRACY OFFICERS Prerzdent ..................,.....,..... Pro gram Clmirrrzarr .......,............. Correrponding Secretary .....,....... Recording Secretary ................,., Treasurer ............................, Publicity Director ......,....... Menzberxhijz Director ...,..........,..... .......,.............................. ............. Member-at-Large of Executive Committee .............. .,......... Rudolph Drosd Leo Kaplan Eleanor Hayden Ruth Benedict Jennings Pershing Harry Joseph Cyril Barnert Jerome Weinberger Member-at-Large ofExecuti1Je Committee ............. ..................... I rving Rifkin 1 7 IFRIIIENDS 'GIF TVHHE ILIE IFIEWRIE ILIIBRARY The Friends of the Le Fevre Library was organized May 7, 1957, for the purpose of furthering the interests of the library. It is a student organization, and, in the words of its charter, "is not to be associated with any association or political group." The permanent executive committee consists of one mem- ber from each of the six active medical fraternities of the college plus such additional members as the Librarian may see ht to appoint, not to exceed three. One of these additional members is to represent the William Welch Society if it is not already represented. During this, the first year of its existence, all of the members of the "Friends" were members of the Senior Class. At the close of the year, new members from both the incoming junior and Senior Classes were invited to take over the activities of the organization. Bernard A. G. Weisl was Chairman of the Executive Committee for the year 1937-58. The First Exhibit and Dance of the Friends of the Le Fevre Library, held in the Student Lounge on December 5rd and 4th, 1937, was a tremendous success both from a social and a financial point of view. Faculty and student body were well represented and evinced a good deal of interest in the displays. The exhibits of Drs. William Goldring, Irving Graef, and Homer W. Smith on the kidney in health and disease, previously shown at a Graduate Fortnight of the New York Academy of Medicine, were reproduced, as well as a long series of reprints of the work of members of the faculty. A head of "Toby" Snyder modeled by Professor Gustav Noback, and a "recordack" borrowed from the main library at the Washington Square College aroused much interest. One of the outstanding features of the occasion was the display of recently published books by medical publishers. Proceeds of the function went to increase the library fund. In May, 1938, the "Friends," with the aid of the Librarian, Miss Helen R. Bayne, held a book sale for the benefit of the Library. The charter members of the executive committee Fevre Library were the following: SPECIAL MEMBIsRs Miss Helen R. Bayne, Libmriarz Dr. Homer W. Smith, Cbfzimzmz of the Farfzlty Library Committee LAMBDA PI-I1 MU Alfred Alessi Caesar Cassano PHI DELTA EPsII.oN Philip Berwick Seymour Rinzler NU SIGMA NU Leroy D. Vandam Philip G. Cabaud Richard Schoonover Bernard A. G. Weisl, Cbairnzmz PHI LAMBDA KAPPA Edwin Kasin of the Friends of the Le PHI ALPHA SIGMA Herbert Mulholland William Pindar SIGMA OMEGA Psi joseph S. Feibusch A. Bernard Schmierer MEMBERS-AT-LARGE William Hoffman jack Tabor LAMBDA PHI MU GAMMA CHAPTER FOUNDED 1920 CHAPTER ESTABLISHED 1921 FRATRES IN FACULTATE Herman H. Lardaro Anthony Bianco W. Ruggiero Vincent D'Agati Ralph Antorino Raynold Arcuri Bruno Marangoni CLAss OF 1938 Alfred Alessi CLASS OF 1939 CLAss OF 1940 Harold Guzzo CLAss or 1941 Mario Fontanella Caesar 'Cassano Arthur Ruggieri james Scielzo FOUNDED g 1882 Samuel A. Brown Anthony S. Bogatko john V. Bohrer Meredith F. Campbell Frank C. Combes Edward V. Denneen Leonard J. Goldwater Wm. S. Gurnee Loren P. Guy Philip Cabaud Walter Kees George Barmeyer, Ir. Walter Boehm james Breed jacques Fischl Augustus Baker George Beekman Charles Huntington William Barber, jr. J Alfred Brewer J William Chamberlain Nathanael Fedde Gerald Fonda J NU SIGMA NU XICHAPTER FRATRES IN FACULTATE james W. Hinton Francis J. Huber Lee M. Hurd julius A. Klosterman Arthur Krida Edward M. Livingston Currier McEwen Evan W. McLave john H. Morris john R. Murphy CLASS OF 1938 Richard Schoonover CLASS or 1939 Edwin H. Griffin Albert Misko Bertram Moore CLASS OF 1940 Harry Le Veen jesse Mahoney Raymond Metzger john Nevius CLASS or 1941-PLEDGEES john Glaubitz William Harrigan Ernest Hillman if Herman Hoffman if William Lutz Walter Marchand CHAPTER ESTABLISHED 1897 Harry A. D. O'Connor William H. Park Edward S. Rimer john E. Sawhill Raymond R. Squier George B. Wallace Robert P. Wallace Frederick W. Williams Arthur M. Wright Bernard Weisl Arthur Wright Ronald Prindle john Stelter Paul Vella Vincent Vinci Gerard Peters Charles Speer William Wilson Harrison Murray' Paul Nace C. Leonard Smith John VanZandt Collier Wright FOUNDED 1904 Simon R. Blatteis Harold Brandaleone Aaron Brown Benjamin Brown Josegh Buchman I-Ier ert Chasis Eugene Clark Irving Ehrenfeld Seymour Albert Howard Behrman Philip Berwick Alex Charlton Leo Elstein Harold Feinstein Daniel Feldman David Bauer Charles Beck John Bookman Harold Friedman Elias Gerchick Martin Aaronson Alan Aronson, Eli Baumann James Berkman Richard Hyman Abba Messe PHI DELTA EPSILON BETA CHAPTER FRATRES IN FACULTATE Henry C. Falk Gerald Flaum Emanuel D. Friedman David Goldstein Herman Horn Bernard Robbins Bret Ratner Louis S. Sachs CLASS or 1938 Lester Friedman Harry Gershman Solomon Kaplan Leo Keller Leo Nadvorney Emanuel Papper Solomon Polisuk Irving Rifkin CLASS or 1939 Solomon Hershkowitz Maurice Hirschkorn Herbert Holleb Charles Lippe Stanley Levy CLASS OF 1940 Saul Hochheiser Harold Landsman William Mackler Julius Rosenberg Julius Sachs , CLAss OF 1941 Abraham Schlossman Jerome Schwartz CHAPTER ESTABLISHED 1908 Harry Schilkret Louis L. Shapiro Samuel Standard Jesse D. Stark Israel Steinberg August A. Thomen Morris Tobias Merdes Wechsler Seymour Rinzler Leslie Roberts Nathan Shackman Raymond Shapiro Montague Ullman Leroy Vandam Hyman Weitzen Irving Ochs Benjamin Schneiderman David Schwimmer Norman Weinrod Charles Wise Douglas Smiley Bernard Stollman Leon Tancer James Wolf Irwin Slater Irwin Winfield FOUNDED 1907 J. H. Globus Phillip jolfe Ira Kaplan Leonard Ehrlich Maccabae Boorstein Abraham Goldfeder Daniel Goldstein Norman Gordon William Henkin Leonard Kremer PHI LAMBDA KAPPA ETA CHAPTER FRATRES IN FACULTATE Louis Langman Louis Razinsky CLASS or 1938 Edwin Kasin Milton Millman CLASS or 1959 A.. Leonard Hymowitz Harry joseph Ely Lazarus CLASS or 1940 Michael Eisenstein CLASS or 1941 Julius Leichtling Francis Rosner William Ross Edward Schneider CHAPTER ESTABLISHED 1918 Sidney Rubenfeld Abraham Tumen J. A. Yager Jack Zager Milton Lenobel Phillip Pollack Leonard Richheimer Bernard Teschner Alvah Weiss Fred Weiss FOUNDED 1912 Emanuel Appelbaum Adolph Berger Louis A. Bunim Isidor Bernstein Max Binder A. Beryl Schmierer Stanley Gross James Marin SIGMA OMEGA PSI GAMMA CHAPTER FRATRES IN FACULTATE William Director Benjamin Dubovsky Harry A. Solomon CLASS or 1938 Bernard Bloom Joseph P. Feibusch CLASS or 19 59 Seymour W. Meyer CLASS or 1940 CHAPTER ESTABLISHED 1917 Mortimer D. Speiser Louis Tulipan Louis Wiener Alfred Gross Harvey Q. Poliakoff Leo Weiss William Yankiver W. Littauer Yoslow Manuel Rodstein Isadore Schlamawitz CLASS or 1941 Abraham Oshlag Leon Sasson FOUNDED 1886 William Barbarito William H. Barber David N. Barrows Warren Coleman joseph Croce William T. Doran John Douglas Theodore H. Elsasser Saburo Emy Everett G. Fausel Lamon H. Fischer Martin O. Grimes Aloysius T. Kelly William E. Doherty F. Alexander Fraser Herbert Bernhardt Frank Butler Edwin Davenport joseph Gioia PHI ALPHA SIGMA ALPHA CHAPTER FRATRES IN FACULTATE William M. Ford Howard Fox Thomas J. Galvin Heber C. Hancock Arthur J. Huey Elmer I. I-Iuppert Alfred A. Johnson George A. Koenig Gaston Labat Louis C. Lange CLASS or 1958 Hugh Maray CLASS or 1939 james A. McCormack CLASS OF 1940 Fred H. Hanold CLASS OF 1941 james Greer Fred Gregorius Edward Gurniewicz Edward Kley Vincent Santivasi CHAPTER ESTABLISHED 1886 Leon T. LeWald Edward S. McSweeny H Gustave J. Noback William 1. Pulley Eugene F. Russell Herman C. Russell Edwin M. Shearer William E. Studdiford Leigh F. Sturges Mills Sturtevant Charles W. Walker Herbert Mulholland William A. Pindar Stanislaus Jaros james Rutherford Spencer Scheffling Andrew Smatko Albert Vernon George Ward JOH HENRY WYCKQFF QCOntinued from page 395 tation, but the fruitful development, of their powers. Vfyckoff knew how to share power and how to delegate it-not with the view to sparing himself, but so as to acquaint as many men as possible with the technique of its exercise. The evidence for the complete success of his plan and the proof that he knew how to put it into operation is that this school, over which he presided so brief a time, received from him an impress so directive and so powerful as to render all but unnecessary more, for the moment,. than a steering hand. I say for the moment, for in the troubled seas of our world, the course of any ship cannot be left to chance, but will require frequently to be recalculated. But this can con- fidently be said-the conception to which he made it conform, because it was informed with breadth and was founded on profound general principles has vitality, vivacity and, I hope and believe, durability. He touched the life of medicine on many sides. To that group of disease to which he devoted his thinking especially, he imparted new energy. He came to the study of cardio- vascular diseases at a time when, what seemed to be their increase, was engaging, in this city, the apprehensive attention of physicians. It is relatively simple to trace his share, in events which though they evolved in an orderly fashion can be seen now to have consti- tuted a genuine revolution in conceptions entertained of this group of diseases. The import- ance which this subject presents may be gauged by the reflection that cardiac diseases are by far the greatest problem presented to students of the public health in our country. WyckoH's interest in them began in 1909 in Bellevue Hospital, on rounds with Dr. Hermann Biggs. Dr. Biggs had been speaking of the problems connected with heart dis- ease and especially of those of rheumatic fever for which convalescent homes, vocational guidance and beds for the permanently disabled were wanted. "Dr. Biggs' last words that day" Wlyckoff writes, "I remember well. 'The time is not ripe yet to make rheumatic fever a reportable disease, but the time will come when it will be made reportable' Almost thirty years have passed but that time has not come even yet. If it does, and I hope it may soon, not the least contribution to that consummation will have been WyckoE's. The method he pursued was intricate and time consuming, but it has been effective and has made his enduring reputation. His method was the method developed in the cardiac clinic. His method, in fact, was the cardiac clinic. It is to the lasting glory of the Bellevue Hospital and of this School, that this achievement took place here. Here was something new under the sun. There is no general realization even now how far- reaching are the ideas that were then conceived nor how fundamental to future devel- opments, already in sight. Nwyckoff built on a foundation which already had been laid- a firm foundation, for it was built in response to a positive social need. Miss Wadley has just written to me QFebruary 9, 1938, what she remembers of the very beginning. It was she, so far as I can learn to whom the idea came. "It is quite true", she tells me, "that the initial move in establishing this clinic belongs to Bellevue Social Service. Scores of cardiacs discharged from the wards were referred to Social Service for convalescent care and for assistance in finding suitable employment. This we could do but continued medical oversight was imperative if they were to carry on. For most of them this over- sight was obtainable only in the day clinics and day clinics and jobs were incompatible. The situation was most distressing to patients, physicians and to the hospital. We social workers knew that the solution for a large proportion of cases could be found in a special evening clinic, but there was prejudice against evening clinics. Dr. Hubert Guile was deeply interested in these cases and he agreed to give his time to directing an evening clinic if the hospital authorities would consent to the innovaton. They did consent to it as an experiment. This was in 1911, and there has practically been no Friday evening at Bellevue since then without a Cardiac Clinic Session. We chose Friday for the clinic as that would give the patient a two-day rest, if needed, with the loss of only half a working day and he could be back on the job Monday morning before a new worker could replace him. Our Social Service Committee was greatly interested and contributed the salary ot a full-time special worker. After devoting his time for several years to this clinic, Dr. Guile felt he must retire. He had interested many young physicians in the opportunity the clinic afforded for an intensive study of heart disease. Dr. john Wyckoff had been one of the most interested assistants and he was persuaded to take Dr. Guile's place. He threw himself into the further development of the work with great zeal and was influential in the establishment of many similar evening clinics elsewhere." There is good evidence that with this account of the role played by the Social Service in this movement, Wyckoff would wholeheartedly have agreed. I-Ie insisted upon desig- nating this clinic "Bellevue Hospital Social Service Cardiac Clinic for Working Adults", for this was the title of the clinic when it was turned over to him in 1919 by Dr. Guile. Miss Lingg recalls that Wyckoff was determined to maintain this as its correct title. In his plan of organization the Social Service was the center to which all action moved and to which all action returned. In 1925, when he described the organization of cardiac clinics to the Medical Society of the State of New York,1 the position of the Social Service at the center of things was conspicuously indicated. And he repeated these statements in 1929. "The nrst cardiac clinic in the United States as a matter of fact was organized at Bellevue Hospital in 1911 by Dr. H. V. Guile at the request of Miss Wadley, the head of the Social Service Department, who felt the pressing need for the medical supervision of the ambulatory cardiac. In 1919 I took over this clinic, having during the preceding eight years worked in it at various times."2 a at :ic I begin this description of Wyckoifs scientific career at this point designedly, because, it seems certain, whatever followed had its origin here. After the first impetus given him by Doctor Biggs, emphasized during a visit to Bad Nauheim in the summer of 1909 or 1910, he joined Doctor Guile 0914-19151 in the conduct of the Social Service Cardiac Clinic, until he accepted a commission in the United States Army in February 1918. On his return in 1919 he rejoined Doctor Guile who in this same year turned over the clinic to him. Meanwhile others in New York, including Doctor Guile, moved by the plight of cardiac patients, began an organization for their care. This organization, The Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease, began its movement in 1915 but was obliged to suspend activities during the period of the War QI917-19191. In 1920 fjanu- ary 20j Wyckoff was elected to membership. In 1917 fliebruaryj the heart association called into being the Association of Cardiac Clinics. Six years later, in 1923 fApril 271, the Association of Cardiac Clinics became an integral part of the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease and 1 "The nrst clinic in this country for ambulatory cardiacs was established in 1911, by Dr. Hubert V. Guile, in Bellevue Hospital. It was begun because the Social Service Department of the hospital felt that the number of returns of cardiac patients to the wards could be diminished if the patients could, upon discharge, be cared for in a clinic less crowded than the.General Medical Clinic, and manned by physicians who would have the time to become interested in the special problems of the heart patient." N. Y. Slate j. Med., 1925, 25: 996. 2 A consideration of causes of heart disease from the standpoint of a social worker. Harp. Social Sefvire, 1929, 19, 513-524. tp. 5415 l l was called the Committee on Cardiac Clinics. Dr. William P. St. Lawrence was Chairman, but later in the same year fNovember 26, 19231 Wyckoi succeeded himl The Associa- tion for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease fits name meanwhile changed to the New York Heart Committee1 joined the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association in the early months of 1926.3 When precisely the methods of examination and of diagnosis in use in the Bellevue Cardiac Clinic were adopted I have been unable to learn. But I have a manila envelope, dated 1919, on which is printed the form of diagnosis then employed. It reflected the view, then altogether novel, that a cardiac diagnosis to be reasonably complete, required a three- fold description. Wyckoff adopted three headings: A. Anatomical, B. Functional, C. Etiology. The folders within the envelope were likewise printed and arranged in such a way that in the blank spaces could be filled in relevant data. Under what circumstances, simple, single diagnoses of cardiac diseases were found to be inadequate is not wholly clear. Obviously the success that attended the discovery of the etiological relation of microorganisms to infectious disease was important. That con- ception underlay Cabot's contention 119141 as well as that entertained by the authors of the circulatory section in Nelson's Loose Leaf Medicine f19201. It was also apparent that between pathological anatomical diagnoses and clinical phenomena there was very dis- turbing incongruence. And finally, increasing knowledge of cardiac mechanisms made apparent that, irrespective of cause or structure, phenomena appeared which could not be subsumed under either of them. The time had obviously come for making classifications which, even if temporary, facilitated description. This being the state of affairs, it is not remarkable that it occurred to several persons synchronously to find a way out' of this dilemma. The situation seems to have been similar to 'that in which simultaneous discov- eries have become familiar. Already in 1919, Wyckoff was dividing cardiac diagnosis into anatomcal, functional and etiological phases, as is shown in his manila envelopes. In the last rubric he distinguished syphilis, rheumatic fever and senility fand also 3. other acute 3 The record of Wyckoff's relations with the various organizations concerned with cardiac patients is as follows:- 1920 f-Ian. 201 Elected to membership in the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease. fFeb. 201 Elected to serve on Committee on Relief. 1921 fMar. 71 Appointed Member of Committee on Education and Committee on Cardiac Clinics and Schools. 1923 fApr. 271 When the Association of Cardiac Clinics was joined to the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease, Wyckoff was made.a Member of the Committee on Cardiac Clinics. CMay 101 St. Lawrence fWyckoE being a member of his committee1 reported that copies of Standards and Nomenclature were sent to Clinic Chiefs for criticism. CNOV. 261 Wfyckoff succeeded St. Lawrence as Chairman of the Committee on Cardiac C inics. 1924 Uune 201' Wlyckoff appointed Chairman of Executive Committee of the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease. fApr. 171 Wyckoff appointed a Member of the Board of Governors. fMay 211 New York Association fformerly Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease1 incorporated. fOct. 161 Wyckoff appointed to serve on a Committee to draft a program for the New York Heart Association. 1925 fApr. 181 Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease to move to the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association about May 1 f Tentative plan1. 1926 Uan. 191 New York Heart Association became the Heart Committee of the New York Tuberculosis and Health Association. fMar. 181 Wyckoff became Chairman of the Heart Committee. fMay 11 Office moved to 244 Madison Avenue. fOct.1 Relinquished chairmanship of Committee on Cardiac Clinics. Succeeded by Maynard. 1953 Uan. 11 Resigned chairmanship of the New York Heart Committee. 1955 President of the American Heart Association. infections, 4. alcohol, and 6. otherj. In the following years, during 1920 and 1921, in the studies that were being made in preparing the clinical charts recommended by the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease, the plan of entering separate diagnoses was incorporated. The earliest specimens written out in pencil still survive and demonstrate the evolution of a two-fold into a three-fold form. Space was assigned in them for etiological, anatomical, and functional diagnoses. These charts were reproduced in the Journal of the American Medical Association in May 1922.4 The Committee on Cardiac Clinics of the New York Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease continued to be active in elaborating its studies of the proper management of such clinics. In 1925, William St. Lawrence, Chairman of the Committee, Wyckoff being a member, published "Requirements for an ideal cardiac clinic and a system of nomenclature."5 The diagnosis recommended was now four-fold, comprising etiology, structure, pathological physiology, and functional capacity. Two years after Wyckoff intro- duced his new conception, White and Myersfi published 129th October, 19211 a scheme in which the main divisions were etiology, structural change and functional condition. In general this arrangement resembled Wyckoff's original form but differed from it in being somewhat fuller. They adopted in addition the plan of the New York Association of Cardiac Clinics of functional grouping? In this clinic Wyckoff found ways of utilizing the various resources that were avail- able-physicians, nurses, social workers, medical services and other medical departments. It was a complete organization for the care of the cardiac sick, inside and outside of hospital. What was wanting and necessary, was a method for analyzing the multitude of data that were obtained. This want was made good by the statistical clerks of the Research Committee of the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease, and the use of the statistical charts. This service had recently, beginning in 1920, been in process of formation and was gladly put at the disposal of his clinic, early in 1923. Miss Mebane, the sole statistical clerk at that time reported that she had made a "chart to show the effect of rheumatic fever, chorea, and tonsillitis upon longevity." As is well known, the conception which underlay the statistical service had a two-fold origin-first, the need that was felt of increasing immediately, the very meagre information available in the classification for etiologyj of the cardiac diseases, and second, the method, derived from the practice of the U. S. Army Medical Corps, of collecting for later analysis, duplicates of soldiers' field cards. This is not the time to describe the evolution, in 1920, in the research section of Dr. I-Ialsey's Committee on Prevention, in the Association for the Pre- vention and Relief of Heart Disease, of the form of the Army field card into the now familiar cardiac chart. Of the charts there is a long history which I will not narrate now. It required little persuasion for Wyckoff to appreciate the value of the method. In his first papers published with Miss Lingg, he commended it in these words: . . Owing 4 Clinical charts recommended by the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease. Alfred E. Cohn. four. Amer. Med. Arm., 1922, 78, 1559. 5Bortor1 Med. and Surg. jour., 1923, 189, 762. GP. D. White and M. M. Myers. The classification of cardiac diagnoses. four. A,M.A., 1921, 77, 1414. 7In a footnote to Cohn's paper this statement was made: "The method of diagnosis advised by the A.P.R.H., has already been published in a paper by White, P.D., and Myers, M.M. . . This means, if I remember correctly, that White and Meyers published their paper, the form having already been in use in the Association for the Prevention and Relief of Heart Disease. In 'a letter to Wyckoff fNov. 6, 19565, White writes . . I feel quite sure from a visit .to your clinic about that year at Bellevue you were also working on this same idea of the classification' of cardiac diagnoses, but I can't lind in the literature any publication of yours until the one with Lingg in the American Heart journal in 1926." 8Statistical studies bearing on problems in the classihcation of heart diseases. II. Etiology in organic heart disease. J. Wyckoff and C. Lingg, Am. Heart j., 1926, 1, 446-470. to the successful results in the use of the charts in a clinical system suitably organized, we are encouraged in the belief that the future success of collecting data on the subject of organic heart disease is assured. After a somewhat tedious transition period from a simpler form of record, previously employed in the clinic, to the new form, it was found that the use of the charts increases rather than decreases the efficiency of the clinic. In fact, after two years' experience, it is our opinion that the provisions made in the chart for record- ing facts exactly, in the form of a code rather than in the form of a narrative and diagram- matic description, has made it possible flj to spend more time on the patient and less on the record, while at the same time the important points revealed by the examination have been completely recorded, QZQ to see more patients at each session than would otherwise have been possible, and Q35 to collate the experience obtained for study and analysis with a minimum expenditure of time and effort." Later, in 1925, he advocated for still further and wider use, a plan which he himself had found serviceable: "Since heart disease", he wrote, "is chronic and observations are made frequently over a considerable period of years, and as memory is short, it is essential that all observations should be written down upon a record. They should be noted as briefly as is consistent with accuracy, and the system of notation should be as uniform as possible: first, as to the location of information on the chart so that one knows where to turn to find such information, and second, as to nomenclature, so that as far as possible, similar observations and procedures will always be described in the same way. Further- more, from the standpoint of the cardiac problem as a whole, all cardiac clinics should use the same record form, the same nomenclature and criteria for diagnosis, otherwise it will be impossible to gather together the data from all clinics for statistical study. The necessity for statistical study cannot be overstressed. Many fundamental questions concerning heart disease can be answered by no other means. Modern medical principles of treating the patient as a whole require that all the records of each out-patient be tiled together. A central record system needs good administrative management in order to be effective, but it is far superior to the old plan in which each special clinic had its independent record iiled by itself. If such a record system is used, all cardiac diagnoses must be indexed and cross-indexed if they are to be of real use as a source of information."9 The relation between the clinic and the Heart Association became so close and inter- dependent that when, during the great depression, the funds of the Research Committee became depleted, Wyckoff offered financial support to assure a continuation of the service. The value which he himself attached to the cardiac clinic is made evident by the four publications which he devoted to it.10 The problems which he encountered in the manage- ment of ambulatory patients led him to further reflection on how this task could be prop- erly performed. He saw that their interests would be better served if they were entrusted to the care of a single physician who would be responsible for giving advice and prescrib- ing treatment, not only in the clin-ic but in the hospital ward itself. He was led to advocate therefore, single control of the entire machinery which minstered to the care of each patient. How he expanded his clinic to serve the actual requirements of patients so that their therapeutic management would be certain to be appropriate to the exact form of their cardiac disease need not be recapitulated here. It was an extraordinary exhibition in mastery of that form of organization, and very justly made the Bellevue Hospital Cardiac Clinic known far beyond the confines of this land. I should not fail to mention in this 9The organization of the cardiac clinic. N. Y. Slate jour. Med., 1925, 25 995-1001. fp. 999j 10 Organization of the cardiac clinic. I. Wyckoff and W. W. O'Connor. Harp. Social Service, 1922, v, 309, Requirements for an ideal cardiac clinic and a system of nomenclature, W. St. Lawrence, E. P. Maynard, H. E. B. Pardee, M. A. Rothschild, J. Wyckoff. Barton Med. Surg. four., 1923, 189, 7623 The organization of the cardiac clinic, J. Wyckoff, N. Y. Slate jour. Med., 1925, 25, 9955 How the cardiac clinic helps the patient. J. Wyckoff. Mad. Harpital, 1926, 27, 68. connection the care and the interest he took in imparting his own solicitude to his asso- ciates. The addresses he made to nurses and to social service workers in 1924, in 1929, and in 1931, bear witness to his sense of dependence upon them and his confidence that this reliance was not misplaced. The accomplishments of the clinic were manifold-first, in the successful treatment of the sickg second, in the education of students, young and old fin recent years my own associates, Steele, Lewis, and Holman have been devoted learners and helpersjg and third, in the advancement of knowledge. In a typewritten report of 1932, I find his state- ment that about 30 papers had emanated from this clinic. I am given to understand there are now about 67. ' In all this Wyckoff took a dominant part. He saw that to make progress, knowledge and still more knowledge was necessary. It began to be recognized that heart disease was not a unit, that instead there were many, or at all events, several diseases of the heart. Well do I remember how, in committee, it was necessary to do battle for the notion that it was no more fitting to refer to heart disease, than it was correct to designate diseases of the lungs as lung disease. If that were so, it became essential to discover which were the significant cardiac diseases. Wyckoff fell in at once with the idea that the method of trial and error alone, the method designated empiricism, was competent to yield the information that was desired. Patients in large numbers required to be examined and catalogued to discover the variety of groups into which they fell and, in order to discover the relative, social importance of the various classes, the numbers exhibiting each variety. Meanwhile, to make the necessary distinctions, language, terms adequate to the purposes were developed, and definitions universally understood by physicians engaged in these studies. Something of the history of this phase of the movement has already been described. In this clinic it was demonstrated that research of first-rate quality, having as its object the description of the natural history of various cardiac diseases, could be undetaken and completed with success. Wyckoff himself with Miss Claire Lingg published the Hrst investigation, from which I have already quoted, under the joint happy auspices of the clinic and the New York Heart Association. Theirs was the first full-dress publication dealing with such matters in this country. Naturally, there were predecessors. There always are. But these did no more than vaguely to indicate a way. In their report the numerical relations of youthful and senescent cardiac diseases was pointed out and the demonstration clearly made to what extent it was rheumatic fever that accounted for disability in the young and something else-arteriosclerosis perhaps-which accounted for it in the old. What was learned was that roughly between three- and four-tenths of the cases were rheumatic, four-tenths arteriosclerotic, one-tenth syphilitic and all other varieties, one-tenth. It was also discovered that 90 to 95 per cent of rheumatic cases occurred before age So, more than one-half before 30. Half the syphilitic cases occurred before 50, rarely before 30 or after 60. 80 to 95 per cent of arteriosclerotic cases occurred after 50 years. Evidence was brought to bear furthermore on the difference that social status makes on the course of these diseases and the question was raised, though it was not answered-indeed it is not yet answered-what are the conditions which bring the young to the clinics but keep the old away. Though it was then supposed, and is now well known, that a large older cardiac population exists, it was found, not in the clinics, but in the hospitals. With the growth in numbers of the aged population, the extent of the provision a community must provide has increased, The problem has become urgent, therefore, among the factors that enter social planning for the care of patients suffering from these ailments. In this study, Wyckolf and Lingg's appreciation of these issues was explicit. They have now become problems of great importance in medical statesmanship. Of the opportunities which the conduct of his clinic suggested, Wyckoff took full advantage. He published papers on certain diseases of rheumatic origin, others on cases of arteriosclerosis or, as he sometimes called them, of senescence, and still others on pharmacology and treatment. In a manuscript fprobably of 1926 or 19271 which seems not to have been publishedu he analyzed the course of events in 50 cases of rheumatic cardiac disease. Counting from the owe! of rheumatic fever, he found that for 60 per cent of the duration of the disease these patients did not complain at allg they were incapacitated however, in the period before death 5.7 per cent of the time. But if the duration were counted from the discovery of cardiac direare, their symptom-free period shrank to a third 63.57271 of the time, while the duration of complete failure lengthened to 8.6Wp. 98 per cent of these patients did not survive 50 years, the mean age having been 29.1 years. It would have been remarkable had he not turned his attention to certain special features, now familiar, which occur frequently in the course of rheumatic cardiac diseases. He did, in fact, publish four papers dealing with such matters. With Goldringw he examined 09301 the behavior of the kidneys and noticed that in the urine there was excess of protein and of formed elements. They decided that this phenomenon was in conformity with the idea of the occurrence of focal glomerulonephritis in rheumatic fever. It was entirely consistent with his general view and purposes to lay especial emphasis on matters having therapeutic significance. We find him studying, therefore, with DeGraff and Parent 11930113 the value of giving salicylates. Others had suggested that prolongation of conduction between the auricles and the ventricles could be influenced by giving salicylates, but this careful study led to the decision that this conclusion was not correct. A little later f19311 with Parent, Graef and Zitronu he extended his inquiry in the attempt to learn whether giving salicylates fin rheumatic fever1 had any value as a cure. To be certain of his conclusion it was essential to exercise great care in the choice of patients. Only 47 of 162 were found to fill the strict requirements. I think fin the end1 no categorical statement that these drugs are without value could be made but enough was accumulated to show that spontaneous disappearance of a number of manifestations can be counted on to take place. On comparing theirs with a similar group studied by Swift, they thought "that the elimination of anti-rheumatic drugs, at least, did not prolong the duration of the disease." He could not, of course, escape profound interest in the arteriosclerotic form of cardiac disease, found in the later decades, which has become numerically ever more important. The nature of the process responsible for this condition has engaged wide- spread but, I hesitate to say, inadequate interest. A defect in thinking, common when a direction of inquiry is young, is the optimistic belief that discoveries can be made rapidly without the need of long and painful dealing and contemplation of simple phenomena. It is-not difficult to find ample excuse for haste-problems cry for urgent solution, indeed they enlist our humane feelings so that delay seems inexcusable. But if successful thinking seems often to be- a matter of brilliance, the long history of science exhibits a certain inexorability in the pace at which subjects and the comprehension of subjects unfold themselves. Something like this reflection must have lain in Wyckotf's mind when he thought of arteriosclerotic heart disease. In an address at the College of Physicians in 11 Certain observations on the course of rheumatic heart disease: Summary-no date. 12 Studies of kidney in acute infectiong observations with urine sediment count fAddis1 in acute rheumatic infection. I. Wyckoff and W. Goldring. 1. Clin. Inv., 1950, 8, 569. 13 The relationship of auriculo-ventricular conduction time in rheumatic fever to salicylate therapy. 1. Wyckoff, A. C. DeGraf'f, and S. Parent, Am. Hear! j., 1930, v, 568. 14A study of the course of acute manifestations of rheumatic infection uninfluenced by specific therapy. J. Wyckoff, S. Parent, I. Graef, and W. Zitron, Tr. Ann. Amer. Pbyr., 1931, 46, 106. Philadelphia, he reviewed the multitude of facts and half facts, theories and vague suppositions in which the literature of this subject abounds. In the end he brushed them reluctantly aside and gave this as his belief: "Many of the questions which we wish to answer could be answered today if the thousands of careful observations made in the various clinics in this city on patients having arteriosclerosis had been collected in a coordinated and uniform way, with the use of definite criteria, and if they had been placed upon a chart which would make them available for statistical study." And he went on: "It is my belief that the final answers to most of these questions will come from the careful study of patients in ambulatory clinics over long periods of time, where these patients are not only carefully studied, but where accurate and uniform data are obtained by every available method and, after being selected, scientifically analyzed." Finally, he concluded: "Physicians often marvel at the time and patience which a laboratory investigator expends in the development of a proper laboratory technique. Our work-that is, properly coordinated clinical and laboratory investigation in chronic disease-demands a technique which is surely as difhcult to perfect and the development of which takes years."15 Not the least of Wyckoff's qualities was the penetratingness of his insight. He admired, perhaps extravagantly, the development of techniques for analyzing complex situations, we often call them laboratory studies, but his view was sufliciently spacious to understand that not methods but subjects form the objective of scientific enterprise. He was not taken in by the multitude and intricacy of experiments when they failed to elucidate the major problem, the question at issue. When he came to collect his thoughts on the treatment of arteriosclerosis a little later in 1933, he had the courage to writezm "At present no evidence exists that there is any specihc mode of therapy which can either cure or affect the progress of arteriosclerosis. This statement is made after a fairly careful consideration of the subject and with a full realization that to make such a general statement is usually dangerous." "The studies of the literature of the treatment of arteriosclerosis are confusing be- cause of the lack of system in most discussions of the subject. Even among the best authorities treatment of cause, of symptoms, and of structural change is so jtunbled as to make it difficult of analysis." It seems unnecessary to add anything to these statements. Wyckoff published nine papers dealing with the action of digitalis bodies in human beings either alone or with Eggleston fin his first paperj, with Goldring, Gold, Travell, Niles, DuBois, Woodruff, Sutton. His prime concern, as is understandable in a clinician, was with the clinical effectiveness of this powerful agent. And so he turned, with Egglestonff, to a matter of anterior importance-the dose and absorption of the drug. The calculation of the dose required was based on assays made in cats. He found this method useful as have others since, uttering at the same time a warning against the hope of finding the result uniform. With a purified tincture he and Eggleston observed that gastro-intestinal absorption is more rapid by far than with galenical preparations. They understood the part which ability to absorb played and took this phase of its effectivness fully into account. What the clinic requires is a well-made drug, of uniform strength, easily and reliably absorbed. Wyckoff and Eggleston appreciated this need and this they 15A consideration of the possibility of the prevention of arteriosclerotic heart disease. T mm. College Phyricianr, Philadelphia, 1929, 51, 95-108. It 10 The treatment of arteriosclerosis. Chapter 20 in E. V. Cowdry, Arieriarrlerarir. A Survey 0 :be problem. New York, The MacMillan Company, 1955. 17 The absorption of digitalis in man. Cary Eggleston and John Wyckoff. Arch. Int. Med., 1922, 30, 133-157. attempted to supply. To this subject in one connection after another he returned. He sought to impress his views as to the dependability of a preparation on everyone who had to do with patients-physicians, nurses, and social workers. Undoubtedly part of his effectiveness resulted from his habit of taking these various groups into his confidence. Five years later he was led to attempt ways of improving the method of securing a digitalis-like action and so turned to the intravenous use of ouabain. Ever careful to avoid harm, he and Goldringls gave small doses and found that they could manage. The experience of others was confirmed in finding evidence that the interval between injection and detection of action was much reduced but that the duration of the action was relatively brief in comparison with that secured on giving digitalis by mouth, that its effect on the usual cardiac action current was feeble or not evident at all and that, and this observation was new, more was required in patients who were suffering from fever. The fear of doing harm and the ever present possibility of danger were constantly with him. How careful he was in practice, is evident in his great concern on discovering fwith Goldj19 a preparation of digitalis twice as active as was stated on the label. In his agitation he was moved to exclaim: "It seemed incredible to the committee20 at first that anything but a correct statement of the activity would appear on the label of so potent a drug as digitalis." How much he was disturbed by this discovery emerges from his further study with Gold and Travell of two preparations of which the one just mentioned was twice as strong as the other. There can be no doubt of the correctness of his contention that the effectiveness of drugs as powerful as digitalis should be accurately known. For this reason in all his studies and in his practice he made consistent use of the method of assay in cats introduced by Hatcher to be certain the doses he prescribed were correct. His belief in the value of this method is now shared by many, perhaps most, students of this subject. He investigated matters of action and dosage in digitalis therapy in various diseases and in the presence of abnormality of cardiac action. He found, for example, in a very neat observation that it was unusual, on giving digitalis to persons exhibiting auricular flutter, to find that the degree of auriculo-ventricular block was increased with doses that did not suffice to bring on fibrillation of the auricles. His studies on the action of digitalis culminated in those very painstaking and careful studies, with Niles, Du Bois and Woodruffm-, of its action in lobar pneumonia. The behavior of the two preparations already referred to, and .another as well, was observed in a large number of cases. These were divided into appropriate groups so that faulty inferences resulting from improper classification of the cases might be avoided. It is not often that so thoughtful and searching a clinical investigation is planned. The claims and counter-claims of the value of digitalis in treating lobar pneumonia justify, however, so elaborate an expenditure of energy. The most striking result of this study was the conclusion that giving digitalis to patients suffering from lobar pneumonia is dangerous. This conclusion, or indeed any conclusion so carefully arrived at, would be important. It would be especially important when the logical carefulness of this investi- gation is recalled. Since then, other studies, however, have left this conclusion'not unchallenged. But much was learned as a result of this experience, so that analyzing 18 Intravenous injection of ouabain in man. J. Wyckoff and W. Goldring. Arrla. lnl. Med., 1927, 39: 488-497. 19A dangerous preparation of digitalis. J. Wyckoff and H. Gold. j.A.M.A., 1930, 94, 627. 20A committee for the study of digitalis in pneumonia at Bellevue Hospital. 21 Studies concerning digitalis therapy in lobar pneumonia. J. Wyckoff and W, L. Niles, Tram. Arran. Amer. Pbyficialzr, 1930, 45, 57. The therapeutic value of digitalis in pneumonia. J. Wyckoff, E. F. DuBois and I. O. Woodruff. f.A.M.A., 1930, 95, 1243. Studies concerning digitalis therapy in lobar pneumonia. W. L. Niles and J. Wyckoff. Amer. j. Med. Sri., 1930, 180, 348. such investigations from still other angles has become desirable. The general conclusion still remains erect that, when auricular hbrillation or flutter occurs, as it does in probably not less than 5 per cent of all cases and perhaps in a larger per cent, in old age, the action of digitalis may be life saving. Whetlmer its action is dangerous must still, I think, be left an open question, the conclusion may turn out to be justified that giving it makes no difference to the rate of mortality-not an unexpected result, for it is not obvious what properties digitalis has that would influence the course of an infection .To show that it is harmful would require a demonstration that in lobar pneumonia, it is, in usual doses, toxic. But Wfyckoff has himself provided evidence that, in fever, larger than usual doses are required to bring about an effect. The issue which this research was designed to solve is, as I have said, still open. But WyckoH's approach to it as to all his other interests manifests the high seriousness of his purposes. In no other way is the elaborateness of his methods to be understood or appreciated. . Finally, with Dr. Suttonm he returned to problems of dosage, absorption and elimina- tion in case of rheumatic fever. But it was necessary to answer a preliminary question- whether digitalis acts beneficially in inflamed hearts.4The view was taken that heart failure resulted from damage to heart muscle rather than from malfunction of injured valves. A number of studies had recently been published leaving certain of these matters in equivocal or unsatisfactory situation. WyckoH and Sutton demonstrated that giving digitalis gave relief, that its dose can be calculated, and that it acts when active infection is going on. At the same time they made clear also a very important matter, that all these results may occur without bringing on signs of intoxication, such as nausea and vomiting. Of other studies in therapeutics there remains to be mentioned only an investigation fwith Ginsbergj 23 on the value of quinidine sulphate in converting hbrillation of the auricles to the normal mechanism. His experience was different from that of others for he found the reestablishment of the normal rhythm to take place more frequently than they. Wfyckoff had a quality which, unfortunately, had, in the exigencies of the life he led, little opportunity for development. The ability to make aphorisms, those genial and penetrating insights which are in essence, clinical sense, he possessed. With his humor and raciness he could not fail, sooner or later, to have become distinguished for a gift in this direction. I have been permitted to see the manuscriptm of a paper, planned only a year after he took control of his clinic, and written in 1922 but never published, which deals with the functional capability of cardiac patients. Four sentences which I excerpt indicate this quality: . . in this series, patients once having had heart failure have little ability to do heavy work, and a great many of them are unable to do moderate work, though nearly all of them are able to do light work." "The ability of patients with auricular fibrillation to do work I do not believe can be determined, until after the patients have been thoroughly digitalized. After digitaliza- tion I believe that they react to occupation in direct proportion to the amount of good heart muscle they have." "I believe this is a prognostic point of great importance: patients with auricular fibrillation who after full digitalization have insufficent reserve to do even light work have a very bad prognosis." "Women with organic heart disease do proportionately heavier work than do men. 22 Digitalis. Its value in the treatment of children with rheumatic heart disease. L. P. Sutton and J. Wyckoff. Amer. I. Dir. Clyildrefz, 1931, 41: 801. 23 Quinidine in auricular fibrillation with the report of one case of sudden collapse and two cases of sudden death. -I. Wyckoff and M. Ginsberg. Barron Med. Surg. jour. 1924, 190, 771. 24 This paper-called Dr. NXfyckoff's First Paper-1922, deals with the functional capacity of 152 patients fmale and female, registered in his clinic before june 15, 1920. This we believe is not because of their greater physical ability but because of the greater difficulty women over the age of thirty have in changing or modifying their vocations." Stimulated by the success 'of the New York Heart Association and moved by a comparable situation in the nation, under the leadership of a group in New York, physicians in various communities came to the conclusion that the time had arrived for founding a national association. It was clear that the functions of the New York and of the national Associat-ions could not be identical. In New York it was possible and desirable to conduct a demonstration on a large scale, to show how in actual operation, cardiac clinics should be organized, supervised, and coordinated as a single enterprise. In the nation that experience bore fruit but in a different form-the national Association undertook to teach and to spread information. It adopted the nomenclature and the criteria of our New York Heart Association, it utilized our methods of recording histories and of entering abnormal physical signs, it taught, through leaflets, what was new and of accepted value. It brought into being, under the inspiring editorship of Dr. Conner, The American Heart journal. In making plans for the realization of these activities, in fore- seeing what services could be rendered, in devising the plan and scope of the national organization, Wfyckoff played a leading role. Dr. H. M. Marvin, the Secretary of the American Heart Association, has written to me that on 24 May, 1922, forty-six physicians met in St. Louis to discuss the possibility of forming a National Heart Association. The other members from New York were Alexander Lambert, Robert H. Halsey, Louis F. Bishop, Cary Eggleston, Harold E. B. Pardee, and Haven Emerson. The certificate of incorporation was signed on 14 March, 1924. Vfyckoff was not one of the fifteen in- corporators but was nevertheless deeply interested in the formation of the Association. Later he became a Director, a member of the Executive Committee for some years, and President for two years. Marvin writes25: "I can speak only in a very general way about his views concerning the policies which the Association should adopt. During the years that we were fellow members of the Executive Committee, I believe it true to say that he had greater influence than any other one member of that Committee, with the possible exception of Doctor Conner. I believe this was not due to the warm affection that he inspired in all of us but rather to the fact that his advice and his views always seemed wise and rightl For years he was a sort of unofficial liaison officer between the New York and American Heart Association, and he always emphasized the importance of a close and friendly cooperation between these two groups. He was eager that the American Heart Association should render every possible educational help to practicing physicians, andrit is Doctor Maynard's belief that he regarded the education of physicians as more important than education of lay people. He was heartily in favor of every attempt which aimed at making the Association a more truly national body in its representation and activities. As Chairman of the Reference Committee, he was largely responsible for the formulation of a program for the Association, which was formally adopted a few years ago and which perhaps indicates his ideas better than anything I can write .... In the seven or eight years preceding his death, I think that no important action of anysort was taken by the Executive Committee or Board of Directors without his active participation or at least his knowledge and advice. In the discussions that often occurred in committee meetings, I was always deeply impressed by his sanity, his wisdom, and his unfailing tolerance. Often Qas in matters relating to the New York Heart Association or to groups and societies elsewhere in the countryj he had direct and precise information which was of the greatest help." ' 25 Date-January 13, 1938. Betweenthe New York Heart Association and the National one Wfyckoif acted, as Marvin says, as unofiicial liaison officer. His experience, the soundness of his judgment, his good temper, were frequently called into play in helping to denne the provinces within which the two associations could most naturally play their appointed roles. His labors bore admirable fruit-now, after a few years only, the methods of the two organizations are satisfactorily and adequately defined-friction has given place to cooperation-and mutual helpfulness has become established. It is scarcely within my province to speak of WyckoH's labors, in the field of edu- cation. If I do so it is not to recount his exploits therein, but to let them serve to point out the catholicity, the soundness, and the straightforwardness of his judgment. His method of studying the value of previous academic training in preparation for medical education was especially noteworthy. The good college student, he showed, became the good medical student. And good meant, good in scholarship. He showed that when scholarship alone, without personal consideration, was used as a criterion for admission to medical study, failures in the medical school rapidly declined-'36, He understood, because of his fearlessness, how to appraise, how to gain insight into one of the most difiicult problems which confront educators. His presidential address to representatives of American medical colleges is, it seems to me, a model of wise, just, and communal views. Here he exhibited his strong social feeling with great good common sense. The glamor of shibboleths did not deceive him, nor did he mistake appearance for reality. The first business of a medical school he believed was to convey knowledge of diseases. No one understood better than he, the responsibility which attached to the schools, in providing for the advancement of learning. But it seemed incorrect to him, when teaching was inadequate, to devote much wanted resources to research. He remembered how in Milton-the hungry sheep look up but are not fed. Contrariwise, he believed he saw better teaching and a closer relation of student and patient in schools said to be over-scientific, and the poorest clinical opportunities in the very schools where the greatest stress was laid on practical education. To make these observations and to be able to proclaim them without reproach, is evidence of the enviable reputation for just views and for just feeling he had attained. I come to the end of this account of the achievements of john Vlycl-:off with a feeling that I have done scant justice to his essential quality. Quality is necessarily a fugitive value. It is one of our grimmest realizations, how impossible it is to capture and to preserve it. Our experience of it, inevitably wearing thin through the years, we treasure nevertheless as an abiding possession. WyckoH's outstanding quality, I do believe, was of the heart- if that can be credited of a man so wise, so shrewd, so far-seeing. It was his heart dictated to him his attitude as a physician, made him aware of the dependence of patients upon his knowledge and power, made him sensitive to their need for understanding and sympathy. It never occurred to him to adjust, to make distinctions in his personal attitude to men of high degree or of low. His abiding humanity drew both equally within the orbit of his compassionate regard. His rugged demeanor served but to heighten this effect. This quality of heart informed, I think, his every act, toward students, toward associates, toward colleagues. Whatever he did, in clinic, in hospital, in school, and in society, he did with an eye single to high attainment. And high attainment was conceived not for his personal, but for the general good. I end even as I began. There has passed from among us a man remarkable among men. 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"Yes," The docTor knows ThaT The composiTion oT The producT has been coreTully veriTied, and ThaT members OT The Council have scruTinized The label, weighed The evidence, checked The claims, and agreed ThaT The producT meriTs The conTidence oT The physician. The docTor can ask his own quesTions. and make his own decision abouT using The producT. buT noT only has he saved himself a vasT amounT oT Time buT he has de-rived The beneTiT oT a Tearless. experT, TacT- Tinding body whose sole purpose is To proTecT him and his paTienT. No one physician, even IT he were qualiTied, could aTTord To devoTe so much Time and sTudy To every new producT. l-lis Council renders This service Tor him, Treely. Nowhere else in The world is There a group ThaT performs The TuncTions so ably served by The Council on Pharmacy and ,gf-TWING 777, ChemisTry and The Council on Foods. QGV MG Mead Johnson 84 Company cooperaTes wiTh boTh Councils, 5 12 noT because we have To buT because we wanT To. 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