New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY)

 - Class of 1929

Page 1 of 314

 

New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection, 1929 Edition, Cover
Cover



Page 6, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collectionPage 7, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection
Pages 6 - 7

Page 10, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collectionPage 11, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection
Pages 10 - 11

Page 14, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collectionPage 15, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection
Pages 14 - 15

Page 8, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collectionPage 9, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection
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Page 16, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collectionPage 17, 1929 Edition, New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection
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Text from Pages 1 - 314 of the 1929 volume:

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'ff ,--J --Q-. ,. f,..,,, s Council of New York University OFFICERS GEORGE ALEXANDER, D.D., LL.D., President WILLIAM HENRY NICHOLS, Sc.D., LL.D., VicefP1fesidem WILLIAM MORGAN KINGSLEY, A.M., LL.D., 'fveemwer ALEXANDER STEELE LYMAN, A.B., LL.B., Secretary MEMBERS Date of Election 1887 GEORGE ALEXANDER, DD, U--D -------A-------------------' 1392 JOHN PIXLEY MUNN, A.B., M-D ---------------'--f-4---f-A------ 1898 WILLIS FLETCHER JOHNSON, AQM-I L-H-D -----------'- - 1898 THOMAS EDMUND GREACEN ---.--.-A-------I------------'----------A----- 1899 WILLIAM MORGAN KINGSLEY, A.M., LL.D -.-.--.------ 1903 1905 1908 1909 1910 1911 1913 1914 1919 1919 1919 1919 1921 1922 1922 1924 1925 1926 1926 1927 1928 1928 1929 CLARENCE HILL KELSEY, A.M., LL.B ..---------------,-- FRANK ARTHUR VANDERLIP, A.M., LL.D ..............., JAMES ABBOTT, A.B. .........................................,...,...............-----.----------- - BEN JAMIN THOMAS FAIRCHILD, Phar.M., Ph.G .............. ALEXANDER STEELE LYMAN, A.B., LL.B ........................ ELMER ELLSWORTH BROWN, Ph.D., LL.D .,......... FINLEY JOHNSON SHEPARD ................................................... WILLIAM RUSSELL WILLCOX, A.M., LL.D ....,............. JOSEPH SMITH AUERBACH, A.M., LL.B., Litt.D ........... CHARLES HITCKCOCK SHERRILL, A.M., LL.D ..... PERCY SELDEN STRAUS, A.B, .,.,..,,..,,.,,..,..,,,,.,.,,..,,,,..,,,,..,,, ARTHUR SMITH TUTTLE, SOB., C.E ...,,,.,...,,,., EDWIN LOUIS GARVIN, LL.D ....................................... WILLIAM HENRY NICHOLS, Sc.D., LL.D .............. PERCY S. YOUNG, B.C.S ............,,,,...,,,..,,,..,,..,,,,,,,,,,,,, NATHAN L. MILLER, LL,D ,,,,,,,,,,,,,, WALTER EDWIN FREW ................. ALBERT EUGENE GALLATIN ,,,..,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, FREDERIC A. JUILLIARD, LL.B ....,,,..,,.,,.,,,,,,,,,,,,,..,,,,,,,,, WILLIAM WHITLOCK BRUSH, Sc.M., C.E ..,,........., THOMAS WILLIAMS ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,..,--,-,,,',--.A-'--...--' CHARLES WALTER NICHOLS ............ ORMOND GERALD SMITH, A.B .....,.... 28 Expiration of Term mmmm1931 mmmm1932 mmmm1931 .mmmm1931 .mmmL1930 .mwmw1931 .LLWM1929 .mmmm1932 .mmmL1929 .mmmm1932 .LWLNI929 .mmmm1932 .mmmm1932 .mmmm1930 .mmmm1930 .mmmm1930 .mmmm1930 .mmmw1929 .mmmm1930 .mmmm1952 .mmmm1930 .mmmm1931 .mmmm1931 .mmwm1931 .LLLNI929 .mmmm1931 .mmmm1932 .mmmm1932 ,f Expiration of Term I ......... LL1931 me ......... 1932 Hmmmm1931 L ........... 1931 nmmmml930 ummmm1931 .muLmu1929 Lmmmm1932 nmmmm1929 I .............. 1932 lc .... L ..... 1929 0mmmm1932 HUWULLI932 .nmwLn1930 , -- 'Q--fx--.,1 I I -fs-O' '-" ,YAY f ' 1, F .I A New YOrk University Senate OFFICERS ELMER ELLSWORTH BROWN, Ph.D., LL.D., President CHARLES HENRY SNOW, Sc.D., C.E., VicefPresidertt ARCHIBALD LEWIS BOUTON, A.M., Litt.D., Secretary ARTHUR HUNTINGTON NASON, Ph.D., Director of the University Press HENRY C. HATHAWAY, A.B., Director of Public Occasions MEMBERS ELMER ELLSWORTH BROWN, Ph.D., LL.D., Chancellor MARSHALL STEWART BROWN, Ph.B., A.M., Dean of the Faculties Cfficers MEDICAL COLLEGE SAMUEL ALBURTUS BROWN, M.D., Dean GWOKS Of Administration Of the University ELMER ELLSWORTH BROWN, Ph.D., LL.D. 1--W-M1930 Chancellor .- ........... 1930 LEROY ELWOOD KIMBALL, A.M. .......-.....1930 Comptroller -- ---' ' ""' 1933 HAROLD OLIVER VOORHIS, Sc.B., A.M. ' Secretary ---M1930 HENRY GUSTAV ARNSDORF, A.B. R6gfStTdT ...,-....-..1931 WESLEY RAYMOND HENDERSHOT, B.C.S. .- .... - ..... 1931 ' Bursar MARSHALL STEWART BROWN, Ph.B., A.M. """""""1932 Dean of the Faculties QIfff11...193z V- - K ' . -K" 1 I A-'TEL J ,J l X Y I- LKEQ gfihf f-4. i I I I r -LL, f 1 1 cll ' 'f If I nl I The Chancellor nun ELMER ELLSWORTH BROXVN RCXYN lljfg Y Aa:,,.,f"a 1,4- cm.-.1 NEW YORK UNIVERSITY OFFICE OF THE CHANCELLOR WASHINGTON'SOUARE,NEW'YORK Greetings to the Medical College Violet of 1929. It is a matter of importance to the University and to the medical profession that the Medical College has come intimate connection with the University as a whole, that it built into the very fabric of the University. likewise into is now Down to the end of the nineteenth century, the University Medical College was virtually a Wproprietaryu institution, a condition found in the greater number of medical colleges of the time, including those which had, like our own, a nominal connection with a university. Even so there were great men in its faculty and it sent out great practitioners. With the union of the Bellevue Hospital Medical College with our own University Medical College in 1898, the combined institution became an integral part of the University as regards its organization and control, but academically it was still a thing apart. Its student body had little consciousness of their University connection save on the day of their graduation. In 1911 a one-year medical prepara tory course was inaugurated at University Heights and in the fall of 1912 the college year was made prerequisite to admission to College, This was soon expanded to a two-year requirement, be satisfied either at the Heights or at Washington Square, other college of standard grade. In practice this has come the Medical which could or in some to represent three or, very generally, four years of preliminary studies, and accordingly the student body is now made up of students fully'inured to university life and imbued with university spirit. The faculty, too, are more closely in touch with the University at large, not Only because of their interest in the premedical work of the undergraduate colleges, but still more by the linking of their scientific researches with the research of related departments, centering in the Graduate School. University spirit, in its larger meaning, has two aspects, like the two sides of a coin. On the one side it is the scientific spirit, on the other side it is the spirit of public service: and these two are essentially one. I congratulate the undergraduates, represented in the Violet, that they are to carry out this university spirit into the great profession of Medicine. Chancellor 31 I, , I 4. I f I I I I, : vi I I I I' I I ZF I, I ' I I . I2 I, . I . I! ku I II ,N , I , I, , I I I I IJ I II " I I I I I II -1 ' ' I I I I I I I I I I 'I I I 'I I, 11 II I I I I I I I I If 'I fI I If 'I II I , I I I I r . II II I I I I I :I I I I ,I K 1 3 P Y Q 5 X 5 1 4 1 1 1 W I 3 l 1 3 I r . P The 362111 SAMUEL ALBURTUS BROXVN E4 NEW YORK UNIYKERSITY THE UNIVERSITYAND BELLEVUE HOSPITAL PIEDICAL COLLEGE OFFICE OF TEE DEAN 33 8 EAST 26 STREET, NEW YORK To the 1929 Violet Board: t It is with a great deal of pleasure that I write this letter to the Violet Board and to the student body expressing my congratulations and best wishes on this the anniversary of the publication of the Violet for its fifth successive year. This publication has brought into closer alliance the alumni, the faculty, and the student bodyg it has made possible contacts which could be secured in no other way. Personally I have had great pleasure in looking over the volumes published in previous years, for they recall many incidents in the college act- ivities and my associations with the students which would be lost were it not for these printed records. In the busy life which we lead we are forced very often to neglect the personal associations which are so pleasant and which we all desire to continue. It is therefore with a sense of pride and satisfaction that those of us who are on the teaching staff recall the students whose pictures and data appear in the Violet. As time goes on this information becomes more valuable to all of us. The students should be very proud of their publication, as it has been inaugurated and carried on entirely through their efforts. Its success is a great credit to the administrative ability of its Executive Board. I hope that it will continue for many years. Ver incerely yours, Samuel A. Brown, M.D. Dean 35 The Secretary N I JOHN HENRY WYCKOFF EDGAR S. TILTON LILLIAN GOODMANSON Assistant Secretary Secretary to the Dean 37 K 1" Q K l 15 X f 1 W 4 . . V.-1 "-...ip A ,,,,?f,--' "N " ff Mfg-V .L Q Q. ,ini Q, M ,!.,,. . fvcby A fl 3:25 Jlfjfgl 521,24 k --i':S:::1f'5'j, gs, - n ,Q ,Ld-"E , .2-K-,,,,H H , Y Q WTR t . t J I It YA R ...am -MJ! Y -2:2159-J 'X""xk. Xp ' .K N -X551 , f h"'I::: I J I V7 5 5 7 ...--.-g- ,,.,-., , k, ,ff 'i"jfA,2t4 ""'- , fx Q, , ,ff 'f f xp!! 5 " '42'::g:-:LAW X 13:51 ' N 4, , N- 4' Q " ri-E' -Viv I 4455 f ff? Q, fd f OK 'NL Nw ff N , ax If l il: .:' 4 gQ1- lj 1 1 K v-Ai Q' 'R WJ ? 31 Cy , Nj ly N. DEPART ENT ,,...,,x.x ,Cf A-. C----11-ff. I M, - . 1 n 'xq,. I M., xx ,. iexfzf C l ffal ,W wwf? ' 9 A.,,..- Y ' A , v I .f f 'N . " " -Qjfp 1, -I J'-'25-' X ...gy , - -g., , -J - . - 3 I, ' X - , . 1 f- - 1 A '- 1 ' " I - I gi, 4, . ,1 I ' '5f4,p- f Lo - 3, ,in--A V 4-it K - ...ji -, .V . fly .. - gfgnf Nm, ,...w.,, 5 ! ,...1....-1 ' v L 1 I 1 I s 1 1 P V i i 1 L 5 I 1 E l 1 I I 1 40 1 N N . 1 I 9 H ' s - N ,. 41 ' , ,,F..,.f 1 - - 'f ' 5 B rl 1 fl 4 1 I Q E. E e F I A 'E , L 'L X ll i , W i Q a E P r 2 2 Z I ' r 1 1 L i l 42 E s 1 R . I I , 5 f, ll I l if r P ' E 'I g if xi I I I I V F . In L V f X L . ,' I ' 5. ! ., -1, ? 1 I I 1 , x .' g l 5 F ' ' r , . .-1 R L . 1 , 1 A , i 1 M ' i 1 1 I i """ ', 'V ' V , ."'jw " ,f , S' X., 1 ' ff-'iv ,. ' ' i i V y 1' Y N ,H ,,--mf-' , -,,,, V , , , 3 - i i , 4 3 I I I 1 A . Y a l I I ' 2 T 3 ' I 1, 3 1 ! I g . 1 , W , W ' 1 I 4 1 3 4 f 'F s , e l il 44 K . 41 E N W 1 i Mx 6' K i 5 Anatomy Professor H. D. SENIOR Associate Professors BERTRAM G. SMITH GUSTAVE J. NOBACK Associate Professor fNeurOfAr1atOmyJ JOSEPH H. GLOBUS Instructors EDWIN M. SHEARER MILTON D. QVERHOLSER J. FREDERICK THACKSTON Assistants M- J- TOBIAS JOSEPH CROCE Physiology Professor HOMER W. SMITH Instructors ROBERT W. CLARKE OLAFUR JOHNSON J. ALLEN YAGER 47 Chemistry Professor JOHN A. MANDEL Associate Professor ALEXANDER O. GETTLER Assistant Professor WILLIAM C. MACTAVISH Instructor JOSEPHINE MUNSON Pharmacology Professor GEORGE B. WALLACE Associate Professor EMIL J. PELLINI Instructor FRANK C0 Tux Lecturer E. S. LONDON 49 Therapeutics Professor SAMUEL A. BROWN Associate Professor of Medicine JOHN WYOKOFF Instructor FLOYD C. RAYMOND ' 50 Pathology Professor of Pathological Histology E ALEXANDER FRASER Professor of Gross Pathology DOUGLAS SYMMERS Assistant Professor of Neuropathology JOSEPH H. GLOBUS Assistant Professor of Pathology CHARLES G. DARLINOTON Lecturer THEODORE J. CURPHEY Lecturer on Gynecological Pathology HENRY C. FALK Instructors LOUIS L. LEFKOWITZ AARON S. PRICE Assistants JOSEPH E. CORK PETER J. DORAN 51 2 Clinical Pathology Professor ARTHUR R. MAN DEL Assistant Professor JOSEPH E. CONNERY Instructor BENJAMIN DUBOVSKY Assistant HELENE CARSON l 4 ' 52 ' Bacteriology and Hygiene HOMER N. CALVER W. H. GUILFOY LOUIS I. HARR1S A. J. PROVOST, JR. MAY C. SCHRODER GEORGIA COOPER RUTH W. KIDD HELEN GRUEHL Professor WILLIAM H. PARK Associate Professor CHARLES KRUMWIEDE Assistant Professors Lecturers Instructors ANGELICA HOVEY '53 JULIUS KLOSTERMAN E. H. MARSH S. JOSEPHINE BAKER CHARLES R. TYLER BRET RATNER LUCY MISHULOW HERMAN GERBER CAROLYN OLDENBUSCH WILLIAM J. PULLEY EDMUND P. SHELBY SIMON R. BLATTEIS EDWARD J. RILEY EDWARD S. MCSWEENEY DAVID H. BARASH JOHN E. SAWHILL LAMONT H. FISHER JOHN M. CASSIDY ARTHUR C. DEGRAFF DAVID L. ENGELSHER ISAAC APPERMAN '0 Medicine Professor ROBERT J. CARLISLE Associate Professor JOHN WYCKOEF Assistant Professor WARREN COLEMAN Clinical Professors LUTHER B. MACKENZIE MILLS STURTEVANT Assistant Clinical Professors GEORGE N. SLATTERY Lecturers LOUIS L. SHAPIRO Instructors ARNOLD KAFFLER BENJAMIN MESSINGER WILLIAM GOLDRING FRANCES BARNHART EWEN MCLURE HUBERT V. GUILE JESSE M. BULLOWA CORNELIUS J. TYSON MILTON ROSENBLUTH JOHN H. CARROLL JULIUS FERBER HANNIBAL DEBELLIS JULIUS DAVIS AARON LIEFER WILLIAM B. RAWLS ROBERT P. WALLACE CLARENCE E. DE LA CHAPELLE 54 WM. H. BARBER CARL G. BURDICK JOHN DOUGLAS EDWIN H. FISKE ARTHUR G. KEANE F. BEEKMAN J. V. BOHRER S. B. BURK L. W. CROSSMAN W, T. DORAN Surgery Professor GEORGE D. STEWART Associate Professor ARTHUR M. WRIGHT Professor of Clinical Surgery WILLIAM C. LUSK Clinical Professors CHARLES GOODMAN HERMAN A. HAUBOLD GEORGE A. KOENIG Lecturers HARRY B. EISBERG Instructors H. C. FALK E. A. KING M. J. KUTISKER A. LIGHTSTONE E. M. LIVINGSTON J. NELSON Instructor in Anaesthesia SABRO EMY 55 GASTON LABAT ISAAC LEVINE ROBERT P. WADHAMS CHARLES W. WALKER LOUIS C. LANGE L. SANMAN I. E. SIRIS H. M. WERTHEIM A. S. BOGATKO H. A. QSCONNOR .--.G , : -,Q ,LII -Q14 X. J , . GenitofUrinary Surgery Professor ALFRED T. GSGOOD Clinical Professor VJALTER M. MCNEILL, JR. Instructors C. VJ. COLLINGS M. F. CAMPBELL O. S. LOWSLEY 56 is Crthopedic Surgery Piofessoi' REGINALD H. SAYRE Associate Professor ARTHUR KRIDA Clinical Professors PHILIP W. NATHAN HENRY KELLER Instructors N. RACHLIN A S. BILK H. WEINER 57 Roentgehology Professor LEON T. LEWALD Lecturer DAVID E. EHRLICH Instructors IRVING SCHWARTZ DUDLEY E. MACKEY E J 58 K,-7jxT-qgsf' fl ,..:1 as ,r gk , I X4 W-,-,..v -..A X -f w--Y ---1-M g x,,.,,,f-1 'K ' ff: -N-i.L-:LJ .J ,,! ,ff '- 11, .I H -4 4,,.,l 4 W- - f' 3 . 1, , .I .. , X...-17 ' . .- .. - .--- v-L .' ' I:- . , , , V 5, E. .f 2 -'--1- , -l - V3 I A - -A 1' -FX-ffm A. M. REICH R. W. NUTTER E. H. DENNEN Qbstetrics Professor AUSTIN FLINT Associate Professor FREDERICK W. RICE Clinical Professor WILLIAM M. FORD - Lecturer FREDERICK C. FREED Instructors G. L. BOXVEN f I. WELLEN ' M. D. SPEISER L. A. BUNIM 59 A. F. HEss W. R. CARR H. R. MIXSELL L. B. SACHS E. P. ESSERTIER R. E. OQROURKE G. C. LUDLOW Pediacttics Professor ROWLAND G. FREEMAN Clinical Professors Lecturers Instructors J. M. LEWIS 60 E. S. RIMER A. T. MARTIN B. RATNER I. H. GOLDBERGER J. GIBLIN R. SCHORR J. F. LANDON Gynecology Professor FREDERICK C. HOLDEN Clinical Professors ONSLOW A. GORDON, JR. EDWIN W. HOLLADAY Lecturers HENRY C. FALK DAVID N. BARROWS FRANCIS W. SOVAK Instructors T. E. LAVELL C. H. HEATON W. M. HIGGINS A. B. JOHNSON H. T. BURNS H. H. LARDARO S. KLEEGMAN 61 Dermatology and Syphilology E. R. MALONEY G. A. CHERRY F. C. COMBES, JR. S. IRGANG J. P. THORNLEY L. TULIPAN Professov HOWARD FOX Clinical Professors M. B. PAROUNAGIAN Lectwers Instructofs L. SPIEGEL W. J. HIGHMAN H. C. SAUNDERS A. E. FENDRICH J. H. HUDDLESON D. BLOOM T. J. RIORDAN I L 62 , , --X' J. D. WHITHAM J. G. STRICKLER Otology Professor EDWARD B. DENCH Clinical Professor W. M. HUNT Lecturers J. A. MACISAAC Instructors D. F. SHIELDS I. MILLER . . v,. ff. , A-. f 63 K 14 Laryngology and Rhmology Professor LEE M. HURD Clinical Professor JOHN MCCOY Lecturers P. YUDKOWSKY 64 I i l D. B. KIRBY Z. H. ELLIS P. D. OQCONNOR Qphthalmology Professor WEBB W. WEEKS Lecturer THOMAS H. JOHNSON Instructors E. B. GRESSER 65 N. W. GILES W. B. DOHERTY S. A. AGATSON X -3 1 L.-1ifff - f Q " of R K t V W f' ' Z., ,V ' Neurology Professor E. D. FRIEDMAN Clinical Professors I. ABRAHAMSON Assistant Professor S. BROCK Instructors R. M. IVIMEY GWQKD Psychiatry Professor MENAS S. GREGURY Clinical Professor SAMUEL FEIGIN Lecturer JAMES J. LOUGHRAN Instructors C. SCHULTZ G. J. RICH ' 66 E. HOAG R. MERXVARTH E. KINDER A.1 Y J -in Xi.1--ff: A . J .J xx OBITUAR ,f 23.25. Nzzvf-:"5f"7T2-S.,X Cnyfu ""' 'z ,f'f'1'fff-43f,.fw 1450- A Wm X ,-f-Ziggy -- 'Aw-V+' .:.-f'?E2'5-A--11 " ' -- Q 1 'V' VU! ,L f ,'-" ,,f11".1u'?f 'Q ,,-'QT ' -2,4341 ws' . "W X H 1 L 4 N .f f 1 4 ' ' K I XM M F' "ff-.J Six 1 W, , X K ' Y .' '-7 j ,J-fA""' ' ', X vyffgf X flfggfritjk T-T, H7724 K I , 1 , , 3 f 5' T Q ggi 'ifi'j,i3l:5,jfi,, ..w,,,i,QQ1-L3,::Q.9 V' . ,J A ,, X f f' . -'fi' ' If .fffp-4:1.lff P-A "--"WU 4 -fi V. " W f J ! 1 f ' VM 2 X if XX" 'JL' EP? f X97--f-f 'Nh-f 1 L ,7 fzi'-Q...-ff ? A11:2-f' 'TA Y YN-iw i bliiif ,Tj ,. . X1 xi ff, . . ,uk 7, A X, - ,, gf Clement J. Halperin, M.D. On November 17, 1882, Dr. Clement J. Halperin was born in Russia and came to the United States as a child. He was educated at the Newark High School and the University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College, receiving the degree of M.D. in 1904. He served for many years in the Department of Dermatology and Syphilf ology of his alma mater as Clinical Assistant, Lecturer, and recently as Clinical Pro- fessor. He was Assistant Visiting Dermatologist to Bellevue Hospital, Visiting Der' matalogist to the Newark Beth Israel Hospital, and Consulting Dermatologist to the Irvington General Hospital. Dr. Halperin was a member of the Essex County Medical Society, Fellow of the American Medical Association, Fellow of the New York Academy of Medicine, and Fellow of the New jersey Academy of Medicine. During the World War he was commissioned Captain in the Medical Corps and served at the Base Hospital, Camp Lee, Virginia, from April to November, 1918. Following a gall bladder operation he died on September 30, 1928, in Newark. He is survived by a widow and three children. Dr. Halperin was a physician of high principles, an excellent clinician, a faithful worker, and a loyal friend. I 68 Z. Albert Raskin, M..D. The death of Z. Albert Raskin, which occurred on May 15th, 1928, took from the Medical College one of the most promising of its younger faculty members. He was in a sense a true product of the University, since after leaving high school he completed the prefmedical course at University Heights, followed this with four years at the Medical College, and after an interim as interne at Beth Israel Hospital, returned to the College as instructor in Pharmacology. In his student days he showed unusual ability, and those who came in contact with him recognized the real scholar. He had an intimate knowledge of literature, had received numerous prizes in mathematics, and was especially gifted in drawing. He carried on his medical studies intensively and was especially interested in the scientific phases of medicine. By virtue of his class record he became a charter member of the A.O.A. fraternity when a chapter was established at this college. In his work in the department of Pharmacology, the promise of his earlier career began to show fulfillment. He was a clear speaker and excellent teacher. He began research work with great enthusiasm. The problem he started on was an extensive one, necessitating a new and elaborate technic. He applied himself to this with imagif nation, energy, and perseverence. The completion of this work, which was well on its way, was prevented by his untimely death. There was much more to Dr. Raskin than can be given in this short recital. His inherited background was one of culture, intellectuality, and idealism, and he himself had a profound feeling for the Iiner and less material things in life. Had he chosen to follow other directions his powers of imagination and of expression might well have brought him distinction. He represented a type especially desired in University teach' ing and research, and his loss is keenly felt by both the department and the college. K . C t -Y....--- -. Pg .M s - 69 4 . ' --7 "hs-XR - t ' ' , f.. ,V-f' . ' ' ' . I 1 - :kr ' , e ,f -fa....' - -as ni,-,f -M . , . joseph Goldberger, M. D. ROBERT J. CARLISLE, M.D. HE beauty or the excellence of its buildings is not what gives a mCd1'Cal I f ill' school, or anY school, its rightpand title to be considered lan insfitutiqln Iii of superior merit. Rather, it 1S the quality and the inte ectua vigor Rf! I of the students it graduates. Qur college may truly pride 1tSClf, ECE' 'lr p' fore, on having on its rolls among its sons the name of Joseph 'o f berger. His name stands out in the history of preventive medicine. i His masterly investigation of the problem of pellag1E:i1,dhE Cl1SCOVi1fY13f I' ' . - its cause and the means by which it can be contro e ave ma e is .4 name illustrious. This work is a brilliant example of scientihc research I 1111 and it has placed the country forever in his debt. Ml Xl 1 Pellagra had but scant notice in the textfbooks when Gloldberger lin!! H1 ' 1' ' was a student, and it was not until 1908 that its presence in this country llfimi was .well recognized. Its apparently rapid spread in the years follow' ' ' ' . ,A ing resulted, in 1914, in a field investigation under Surgeon Goldberger as chief. What the gravity of the situation was is best told in his own words written in 1918: "Indeed in nearly all the Southern States pellagra is one of the foremost causes of death. Thus, in 1916, it ranked fourth in Mississippi, third in Alabama, and second in South Carolina. In that year, probably an average one so far as pellagra is concerned, this disease was charged with having caused . . . an ag' gregate of some 3,700 deaths for these six States alone. As the fatality rate, counting all types of cases, was probably not in excess of 5 per cent, it can readily be seen that not only is this disease among the most important as a cause of death, but it probably ranks with the first in importance as a cause of sickness and lowered physical effi- ciency of the people in the area affected."1 To quote again: "It is now 09281 nearly two hundred years since the disease we know as pellagra was first recognized. Its cause has ever since been the subject of study, but, except for some of the secondary or contributing factors, authoritative opinion held, as recently as 1912 or 1913, that in any definite scientific sense its cause was unknown. Even the broad general question as to whether the disease was or was not an infection was unsettled, so that it may fairly be said that in all the long history of the disease our knowledge of its cause had, up to a dozen or so years ago, progressed but little beyond that of its earliest students."2 Still another quotation may be allowed. In the article first mentioned, after describing the nature and symptoms of the disease and its prevention by proper diet, he concludes: ". . . for the cure of pellagra the only medicine we have is the diet. The only use that medicines serve in pellagra is the alleviation of painful symptoms and the treatment of complicating conditions. The sooner this is realized the sooner will the quacks, both within and without the profession, be put out of business .... It is worthwhile emphasizing that if all the people provided themselves and, at all times, ate a wellfbalanced diet, pellagra would disappear from the face of the earth. 70 S-V. . s . , Y',.f--ig.-A - Y' f' 'xx ' 'Af-'-NN..." 1 . ji . . V mm , .Qi Y Y The gain to the country from the consequent reduction of sickness, invalidism and death, and the increased vigor and happiness of the people can not be overestimated." These extracts go to show the style of his writing, clearness and directness of statement, care in the use of words-one hasn't to read over and over again to try and see what the writer means, as is too often necessary nowadays. He is really a model in this respect. Anyone who knew him can recognize the character of the man in his writings. The British Medical Research Committee issued in july, 1919, a "Report on the Present State of Knowledge concerning Accessory Food Factors fVitaminesJ," and in the short chapter on Fellagra it says that Goldbergefs work "has led to the advancement of the most satisfactory theory yet put forward regarding the etiology of pellagra. The accuracy of his conclusions . . . was demonstrated in a striking manner by his experimental production of the typical disease in man." This work is one of the great contributions to the cause of public health, and Joseph Goldberger can take rank with Walter Reed and William C. Gorgas, both of whom were graduates of this college? His fame rests on this classical work in pellagra. TYPHUS AND MEASLES Prior to all this, however, he had been actively engaged under his chief, Dr. john F. Anderson, the Director of the Hygienic Laboratory, in the study of the etiology of two infective diseases, typhus and measles. Their results established the identity of the sofcalled tabardillo fever of Mexico with European typhus fever and the disease differentiated from typhoid fever by Brill, they settled the question of the mode of transmission of typhus, and showed that the infection in measles is carried by the discharges from the nose and throat. It is not to the purpose to describe this important research here in detail, but there is a side to it that may be of some interest because it relates to another honorable alumnus of this college, Nathan F.. Brill, M.D., '80, and Bellevue Hospital QHouse Staffj, Second Medical Division, 188Of81. It was shortly after the Widal agglutination test was proclaimed in 1896 that Brill, at Mount Sinai Hospital, observed many cases of fever which were looked upon as typhoid that were negative to that test. He concluded that either the test was not any too accurate or that here was a new and hitherto unrecognized disease, which very closely resembled typhoid yet was distinct from it. Doctor Brill was an excellent clinician and known to be a very competent observer, yet a curious thing about it was that cases of a character similar to his were very seldom admitted to other hospitals, although later a few were noted by Louria at the Jewish Hospital in Brooklyn and an occasional one was seen at Beth Israel. Brill reported 17 cases in 1898. The late Dr. G. A. Friedman, who had been in practice in Russia, thought the cases were probably mild typhus and Dr. Louria seemed inclined to agree wlth him. Brill nevertheless stuck to his guns and when in 1910 he had collected 221 cases, he wrote and published a paper giving a very complete and admirable study of them? About this time Anderson and Goldberger returned from Mexico and had some typhus immune monkeys at Washington. The description given by Brill SffUCk 71 both of us as a splendid delineation of the disease we had been studying in the typhus wards of the 'general hospital in the City of Mexico." 'Goldberger came to New York for the PurpOSe of testing out the cases of "Br1ll's disease with these mogk2Y5- The upshot was that after several conferences this object was attained' and An erson ere able to confirm their conjecture that Brill's disease, Mexican typhus, and European typhus fever are identical. ' . l It canreadily be seen that Doctor Brill's keen clinical insight and descriptive power had a large share in this research and great credit belongs to him, but it needed the fine experimental demonstration of Anderson and Coldberger, which Brill was unable to give, to complete it. ' HIS LIFE and Coldberger w ' Joseph Goldberger was born in Czechoslovakia, July 16, 1874. He was brought to this country by his parentsf when he was eight years old and he became a citizen of the United States through the naturalization of his father five years later. He had his early education in the public schools, spent two years at the College 'of the City of New York, came to the Bellevue Hospital Medical College, and was graduated in 1895. He stood first in the hospital examinations and chose the Third Medical Division, completing his term as House Physician October 1, 1897. He began private practice at WilkesfBarre but in 1899 entered the U. S. Public Health Service, where he remained until his death. He was stationed at the Hygienic Laboratory in 1905, was in charge of field investigations of pellagra from 1914, and in charge of the section on nutritional diseases from 1922. Doctor Goldberger was Custer Lecturer on Preventive Medicine, Harvard Med' ical School in 1915. He was a Fellow of the American Medical Association, a Mem' ber of the Society of American Pathologists and Bacteriologists, the American Public Health Association, the Society of Alumni of Bellevue Hospital, and the Medical Society of the District of Columbia. He wrote many articles, chiefly on public health, andthe article on Pellagra for Tice's Loose Leaf System of Medicine. He also conf tributed the chapter on "The Advance Against Pellagra" in the book called Chemistry in Medicine edited by Professor Stieglitz of the University of Chicago. This book was published last year by The Chemical Foundation Inc., of New York, through the generosity of Mr. and Mrs. Francis P. Carvan of this city in memory of their little daughter. It is "a cooperative treatise intended to give examples of progress made in medicine with the aid of chemistry." . On January 17, 1929, Doctor Coldberger died at the Naval Hospital in Washf ington, D. C., at the early age of fiftyfthree from hypernephroma after an illness of apparently two months. He left a widow and three children. b The United States Congress. has granted Mrs. Mary Humphreys Farrar Cold' erger, who herself participated in the experiments, the munificent pension of 35125 a month in generous recognition of the great contribution of her husband to the country s happiness and welfare. AprifPiellfgizg,. Its Nature and Prevention, Public Health Reports QU. SJ, vol. 33, No. 14, p. 483, C...i25i':f55353252.?isiiStN??igas.5hmy Chap- is 2, P' mi The awaits Reed, B.H.M.c., '73, wir C. G B H - 4Amer. jour. Med. Sci., April, f9laOIT1 Orgasi ' .M.C', 79' 72 1 f' l ! 1 i ' w ' Y Q! w! w ,I ' 1 H I E I 1 J W N 1 M 1 Q - f - - w A V i l I N I Q W li H M I '-,,.,---1-.-....,,f, , ' H s ital Since 1902 Growth of Bellevue o p -Nu- 1 5 B if If , , 5 s pl ' 1 C XIII, L Til 4 iz -MU N :E lat MARK L. FLEMING, MD. Medical Superintendent Bellevue and Allied Hospitals f the City of New York on February 1, N AMENDMENT to the Charter o l nd Fordham Hospitals 1902, removed Bellevue, Gouverneur, Har em, a f the Department of Public Charities and placed from the jurisdiction o them under the control of a Board of Trustees. This form of control d d rin that period each of has continued for twentyfseven years, an u g these hospitals has. shown unprecedented growth and expansion. In this article we will consider only what has happened at Bellevue in regard to the physical plant of the hospital. I ' 4- In 1902, the total capacity of the hospital was 95 7 beds. The hos' pital consisted of a Main Building with 718 beds, and the outlying Psychopathic, Sturges, Alcoholic, Erysipelas, Marquand, and Tubercuf losis Pavilions and Lusk Room, with a combined capacity of 221 beds. The Obstetrical Service was located at 223 East 26th Street, where only ' hteen atients could be accommodated, and after delivery the mother we P and babies were transferred to the medical wards in the Main Building. The hospital buildings were old, out of repair, and not iireproof, and in the. iirst Annual Report of the Board of Trustees many pages were devoted to the defects in the plant. The Board at once recommended that provision be made for replacing the old with' new and modern buildings. ,It was not until 1904, how' ever, that appropriations were made and architects employed to lay out plans for the New Bellevue. Those plans provided for an extension of the hospital grounds, and on December 11, 1906, the City took title to the block from 28th to 29th Streets, and from First Avenue to the East River. PAVILION A AND B Pavilion A and B was the first unit of the new hospital to be planned and built on the river front at 26th Street, and was opened for patients November 7th, 1908. It is seven stories high with a capacity of 430 beds, and when opened, cared for nine general medical wards, three pediatric wards, and two obstetrical wards. n During the construction of Pavilion A and B, property was acquired on the south ide of 26th Street, extending through to 25th Street, and on that site a new resif 131526 we: guilt for a Training School for Nurses. When opened, on April 28th, thelioititg-111 accommodations for 300 nurses and 40 employees. With the growth of residence? Gigi? nurse? were needed, and in 1926 two new wings were added to the room foritie nuiSfiD50f21ECHpa31ty of 45 0. At the present time this is not adequate Street' 1 D .ta , an extra rooms are being leased at 416 and 426 East 26th 74 -.-..- ....,.,,.., .-.5 .M iefcr ind 31:16 ii . 51.15- Zr mini 5 5011111 W reii' I 13th, WIVEIJ. of E to the iequate 5 26th Z.-1 f-ix I 'PP Q Q Q,-4-G" -rf' 1 I ' ,V gg 5. TSN..- Wheim the new Psychopathic Pavilion is erected it will be necessary to again inf crease the nursing force and provide accommodations for between 900 and 1000 nurses. Therefore, it is proposed that the City purchase the two buildings that, are now partly leased, and connect them by wings with the present Nurses Residence. PATHOLOGICAL BUILDING The second unit of the new hospital to be erected was the Pathological and Men's Dormitory Building at the corner of 29th Street and First Avenue. This was opened in 1911 and provides accommodation in the south side of the building for 300 male employees of the hospital, including library and recreation rooms for their use. In the northern half of the building are located the City Mortuary, autopsy rooms, and chemical, pathological, and bacteriological laboratories. Adjoining the Pathological Building on 29th Street are the Laundry and Store' room, and to the east at the river front, the Refrigerating and Power Plant, which were completed for use in 1912. U SURGICAL SECTION I 1 The additional facilities provided by the new Power House and Laundry per' mitted the Board of Trustees to progress with the building plans for patient accommof sdations. These plans included Pavilions I and K and L and M, which were designed for the surgical section of the hospital, and completed in 1916. Pavilion L and M provided twelve wards for general adult surgical cases, and two wards for maternity cases, with the necessary delivery room. This relieved Pavilion A and B of the Obf stetrical Service, and allowed the transfer of two medical wards from the old Main Building to the vacated wards in A and B. 9 Pavilion I and K was planned to care for special surgical services, and the acces' sory activities closely related to both general and special surgical work. On the ground floor are the XfRay Laboratories, and an amphitheatre with seating capacity for 250 students. The first floor has ward accommodations for the Opthalmological Serviceg second floor for Gynaecologyg third floor, Otolaryngology, fourth floor, Urology. Pavilion I, on the hfth, sixth, and seventh floors, is devoted to the surgical care of children, while in Pavilion K there are eight operating rooms and accessory accommodations on the fifth and sixth floors, on the seventh floor the Surgical Supply Department and sterilizing rooms for the hospital dressings are located. , PAVILION F AND G The World War with the unsettled 'financial and industrial conditions which followed it resulted in a general retrenchment by the City and a postponement of building activities. A lapse of eight years followed and no further appropriations were made for the New Bellevue until 1924. In that year, Paivlion F and G was 75 a..-f , started and was under construction during 1925 and 1926, and completed for full oc' cupancy early in 1927. This pavilion is situated on the river front, and is the central one of the entire group, with a bed capacity for 600 patients. The building and furf nishings cost approximately 83,5 00,000 and, in addition to the wards, houses the kitchens, diningfrooms and Admitting Service of the hospital. The central kitchen, while it is located in the basement of F and G, has been extended beyond the front of the building, so that there is an abundance of light and air. The kitchen has capacity for the preparation of food for 3,000 patients and emf ployees. There is also space devoted to the preparation of .special diets, ,and for the teaching of Dietetics to the pupils in the School of Nursing. Cafeteria service: is provided in the diningfrooms for all hospital employees except the clerical force, medif cal, and nursing positions. Meals for the medical and clerical forces are prepared and served in Pavilion I and K, and fornurses, in the Nurses' Residence. f The ground floor provides for the registration and admission of all patients to the hospital, with proper examination rooms for the use of the Admitting Physicians on duty, and facilities for the discharge of all patients. There is an Emergency Surf gical Dressing Room for the treatment of minor injuries which do not necessitate the patient remaining in the hospital. In the south wing is an Emergency Ward with accommodations for twentyfseven patients . All patients acutely ill, or with serious injuries, are admitted to this ward and transferred to the general wards when their condition justiies removal. In the north wing is the storage room for patients' cloth' ing, the office of the Property Clerk, with safes for the custody of patients' valuables, and a discharge room and dressing rooms for patients leaving the hospital. Ascending in Pavilion F and G one inds male and female wards for Neurologi- cal casesg Erysipelas wards, and isolation rooms for contagious diseases, male and fe' male wards for Tuberculosis, a children's ward for the treatment of Ear, Nose and Throat conditions, with a special operating room for tonsil and adenoid cases, an adf mission ward for acute general surgical cases of children. Both wings of the sixth, seventh and eighth floors are devoted to the Pediatric Service . Special provision has been made on this service for the isolation and prevention of cross infections, for spef cial care of premature infants, for laboratory work in the study of children's diseases, and for the preparation of infant feedings. NEW our v PATIENT BUILDING The opening of Pavilion F and G provided for the transfer of several services from the old Main Building, and when changes had been made in the old north wing, the demolition of the entire south wing, and the Marquand Pavilion, was feasible. glhegi this corner of 26th Street and First Avenue was cleared, the erection of an b ut' atlent Department and dormitory for female employees was begun in Decemf er, 1927. The contract calls for its completion in December, 1929. This building 76 DC, ral ur- :he 'en nd mf :he is di- nd to ins ir' the ith aus eir th' CS, gi- ief nd .df th, las :ef '35, ICS g, 6. fl U cs is eight stories high, with accommodations for Record Rooms and storage in the base' ment. Four floors will be devoted to the OutfPatient Department, with its necessary waiting rooms, offices, examining rooms, and treatment rooms for all the general and special services. This Department will be able to care for over a thousand visits a day during the hours it is open. The upper four floors of this building are designed to house three hundred women employees of the hospital. Each woman will have a single room, and separate entrances and elevators provide access to their living quarters, with recreation and restfrooms located on the roof of the building. COMING PSYCHOPATHIC BUILDING In the original plans for the New Bellevue, approved by the Board of Trustees in 1904, one section, with a capacity of 250 beds, was to be reserved for the care of mental cases. As the years have passed, the needs for accommodations in this Psycho- pathic Service have increased until, with 250 beds available, there is always over' crowdingf It was selffevident that the original plans could not be carried out, but provision must be made for a much larger group of mental cases. There being no additional building space available on the land owned by the City, the Board of Trusf tees requested the purchase of the block extending from 29th to 30th Streets, between First Avenue and the East River. The City was able to acquire this property through condemnation proceedings, and demolition of the buildings on the site is now in progf ress. Architects have prepared plans for a new Psychopathic Pavilion to be started here early in 1929. The plans provide for an eightfstory building which will accomf modate six hundred patients with every modern facility in arrangement and equipf ment for the examination and treatment of cases of mental disease. It is estimated that the Psychopathic Pavilion will cost at least 84,000,000 exclusive of the site. With every bed occupied, Bellevue can, at the present time, care for 2,088 paf tients. Two groups of buildings in the original plan fthe Administration Building and Pavilion C and Dj are still to be erected, and, when completed, in addition to the new Psychopathic Pavilion, the total capacity of Bellevue will be over 3,000 patients. The New Bellevue, with its modern, ireproof buildings, in an ideal location, stands as an imposing monument to the Board of Trustees who worked without ref muneration, for its benefit. And now, in 1929, that Board of Trustees ceases to exist, and a Hospital Commission has been appointed to carry on. 77 r ., , ,... umxkgp V 5' 5, H. .Q f. N , , Medical Teaching in Bellevue .Hospital JOHN WYCKOFF, M.D. it HE YEAR 1736 saw Bellevue Hospital begin as an infirmary for the sick ,, in the "Public Workhouse, and I-Iousetpf Correction of the City of grim ' ' I , New York." Dr. Carlisle in his book, An Account of Bellevue Hosf Z ' -gg pital f1893j," tells us that it was situated where the City Hall now 1 65572 stands, and that Dr. John Van Beuren, at a salary of .6100 a year, cared i t for the sick inmates of the institution. Little is known of the medical i service in this institution, but it is known that it continued into and during the Revolution, and that after the evacuation of the British in 1783, several out buildings were added to the infirmary. This home was occupied until 1796, when the paupers were ref f moved to a new building, larger and upon a better site, on what is now the north side of Chambers Street. During the first years of the ninef mi?i"7T-F' , teenth century New York grew rapidly and in 1810 the new alms' 'f house was already too small and overcrowded. In 1811 a portion of the Kip's Bay farm was bought, about six acres, for S22,444.50, and on July 29, 1811, the Hon. DeWitt Clinton, Mayor of New York, laid the cornerstone of the "Alms House" of the City of New York. This portion of the Kip's Bay estates had been known as the Bellevue Farm and was most beautifully situated. Dr. Francis, writing just previous to this time, speaks of it as follows: "On the eastern side of the island was the wellfknown Kip's Farm preeminently distinguished for its grateful fruits, the plum, the peach, the pear, and the apple, and for its classic culture of qthe rosaceae. Here the elite often repaired, and here our Washington, now invested with presidential honors, made an excursion, and was presented with the Rosa Gallica, an exotic first introduced into this country in this garden." In 1794, and again during the Yellow Fever epidemic, on this same property a pesthouse had been erected under the Health Commission and given the name of the farm, "Belle Vue." It was used again as a pesthouse in 1796, 1798, 1803, and 1805. In 1816, the almshouse building was opened. It was composed of an almshouse proper and two hospital pavilionsg the almshouse proper is of great interest to us, as it is still used for administration purposes and to house the alcoholic and prison wards. This building is gradually being taken down as the modern Bellevue takes its place. These buildings were built of gneiss rock found in the vicinity. From 1800 a salaried physician had been appointed as physician, surgeon, ac- coucheur, and apothecary. In 1806 he was given an apothecary to assist him. Until 1817 when the new hospital was opened the patients were cared for by different visit' 111g physicians who' made rather infrequent visits to the hospital. The new hospital was opened in 1817 and the commissioner reorganized the staff. TWO Vlsltmgs and two internes were appointed, one of each being designated as phy' . . Q U O eind one as surgeon. At this time there were over two hundred patients in the 1 a . 78 , ,---. K . f--xg' 3 X " 7 TX g f f-- -fx . . , ' X, ,. 'V 5 - -, , 3 . - ' As the number of inmates in the hospital and almshouse grew, it soon became crowded. The Visiting Physicians and internes were replaced by Resident Physicians who often were men of little experience, their assistants were usually undergraduates. In 1837 conditions in the hospital became so shocking that a commission was appointed by the Common Council to investigate the situation. Again the hospital staff was reforganized, with Visiting and Resident Staff with a rather divided authority, al' though an improvement, this new organization was not too efficient, and in 1847 a medical board of two consulting physicians, six visiting physicians and six visiting surgeons was appointed to the hospital. The servce was at this time divided into medical and surgical divisions, with the obstetrical service attached to the medical service and with a regular interne staff. The organization of Bellevue as we know it may be said to have begun in 1847. In 1863, on the recommendation of a committee of which Dr. Austin Flint was chairman, the QutfPatient Department was opened. EARLY TEACHING Informal teaching at Bellevue probably began with the appointment of Dr. John Van Beuren as the first medical officer to the infirmary in 1736. Dr. Carlisle tells of his culture and, education, he seems to have had the only bed service in the city of New York and it is certainly likely that he took visiting physicians with him on his rounds. Dr. Carlisle's picture of Van Beuren and his ward is so interesting that I quote it at length. "If we could have entered the ward when Dr. Van Beuren was making his visit, however, we would doubtless have seen faces not very strange to a Bellevue man of today. Here is an old an infirm Dutchman, perhaps, there a Frenchman, next an Irishman, and next, perhaps, Lo, the poor Indian, occupies the bed in which today we find John Chinaman. What are the diagnoses? Here are bronchitis and asthma, lues venerea, peripneumonie also, and dropsy of the chest. How did the doctor treat his patients? Let his record tell. Dr. Van Beuren was a Dutchman, born in the city of Amsterdam. He came to this city in the early years of the eighteenth century when twentyftwo years of age, a graduate of the medical school in Leyden, and a pupil of the illustrious Boerhaave. He enjoyed a large practice in the city, and was appointed to the almshouse position through the influence of the governor of the colony." In 1847, with the appointment of the Board of Visiting Physicians and Surgeons, began really the first efforts of organized teaching. Actually the iirst reference to public instruction in Bellevue is found in "Medical Repository" Vol. II, 1804, in which there is a statement that Dr. Valentine Seaman is giving a course of lectures for the education of females who practice or intend to practice midwifery. During the time of the Resident Physicians, 1826f1849, their assistants were stu' dents who paid the Resident Physician a fee for the privilege of assisting in the care of the sick, but that these privileges were very limited is indicated by the following excerpt from an article in the New York Journal of Medicine in 1845 : "Bellevue Hospital, with its one thousand patients, must be made accessible to students of medicine, and that too without delay. It is a crying shame that such a .N XA. V 79 wide field for clinical instruction should be actually lost to the city, to science, and to the world merely to subserve paltry party political purposes, to give to some favorite a monopcily of private teaching in that great establishment." Hardly had the Medical Board been appointed in 1847, when it approved of the building of an amphitheatreg on March 2, 1849, the first public clinic at Bellevue H ital was opened with an address by Dr. Reese, the Resident, and the clinic, a osp surgical one, was given by Dr. William H. Van Beuren, who performed the operation of lithotom For a year clinical ectures were gi was arranged that two such lectures a week be given and from April to July, a sum' mer course of clinical lectures given on four days a week. These lectures were probf ably not given for more than one year, and from 1851 until 1857 rather desultory y. l 'Ven each week until February, 1850, when it lectures were given. CLINICAL TEACHING Cn October 19, 1857, Dr. James R. Wood stated that the Medical Board had inf augurated a new era in medical instruction, and that a series of systematized clinical lectures would be delivered. This announcement includes names familiar to us all: Alonzo Clark, Willard Parker and James R. Wood. Tickets for this course were ob' tainable by medical students and practitioners on the payment of a fee to the lwledical Board. This plan had been in operation only three years when, in the latter part of 1860, i l i SO 1 there came into existence a new board of control called the Board of Commissioners of Public Charities and Correction. This board placed under the care of the Medical Board of Bellevue Hospital all the institutions for the care of the sick on Blackwell's fnow Welfare, Island, except the Lunatic Asylum and the Infants' Hospital. This action was taken after the Bellevue Medical Board had made an investigation for the commissioners and had made a report, December 18, 1860, which closed as follows: "In view of the great advantages accruing from the addition of such a large Held of practice, thus enlarging the field of clinical instruction, and the extensive opporf tunities for advancing the cause of medical science, thereby attracting to an institution in the city of New York a large number of medical students, does it not with even this cursory view of the subject, become an important question whether ere many days elapse, Bellevue Hospital should not have connected with it a college for the educaf tion of young men, independent of a mere hospital for clinical teaching, thus making it one of the best hospitals and medical schools in the United States-nay, in Europe? The committee think the subject is worthy of consideration, and that some plan might be suggested to carry it out with effect. There are many reasons why it should be, and every exertion ought to be attempted to accomplish it. The commissioners will come up to the work when the proper time arrives for its consummation, as it is now brought forward at their suggestion and request." Almost immediately a majority of the medical board agreed to lecture according to the plan of the commissioner, Drs. Taylor, Wood, Hamilton, Sayre, Mott, Smith, Barker, Elliot, McCready, Couley, and Loomis. The Bellevue Medical College was 81 building within the incorporated and the commissioners gave permission to erect a hospital enclosure. Besides the regular teaching of the faculty of the Bellevue Medi- cal School in formal clinics, various members of the visiting staff ran private classes in physical diagnosis in the wards. Some of these classes were very famous, particuf larly those of Dr. Austin Flint, Dr. Janeway, and Dr. Alfred Loomis. Uusually the cases to be considered were chosen for the visiting physician by some young man who assisted him in the teaching. Many of the men who later became visiting physicians in Bellevue Hospital and members of the faculty of the medical school, started their work in this way: Dr. Carlisle's own teaching career had such a beginning. ORGANIZATION INTO DIVISIONS lumbia Unif As some of the members of the visiting staff' were connected with Co M d' l S hool the also had such quiz classes and versity of the old University e ica c , y , gradually students from these two institutions as well as from Bellevue Hospital Medi' cal College were being taught in Bellevue Hospital. In 1874, the medical supervision was divided into four surgical and four medical divisions, which came naturally in the course of time to be devoted to one or another of the schools. In 1882 these connecf ' ' ' cl' ' ' h lleffiate and tions became official, with the creation of four grand ivisions, t ree co g one nonfcollegiate. The three collegiate divisions were those of Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New York University, and Columbia University. In 1899, the faculty of New York University divided and part of it united with the faculty of li 82 -- i ' Y ff' " ' -- lv . -,gi 'I' N . ' s V ,ff ' ' 1 . 7' .., ,v,ff , f ' - ,4....,M, , s 'Q . A., 7 Bellevue Hospital Medical College to form the University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College. To this school was then assigned the Third Division, to Columbia the First Division, and to the newly formed Cornell Medical School the Second Divif sion. ' k , MODERN METHODS OF TEACHING The utilization of Bellevue Hospital for modern methods of hospital teaching has advanced rapidly during the past twenty years. In 1905, when the writer was a stu- dent, hospital teaching in the department of medicine was as follows: During the third year the students attended two large clinical lectures a week on Thursday and Friday afternoons Conducted at different times by Profs. Janeway, A. A. Smith, Biggs, and LeFevre, and met Dr. Carlisle six times during the year on the wards in sections of about fifteen. During Dr. Car1isle's demonstrations of pathof logical physical signs, the writer for the first time heard a heart murmur, felt a spleen, and heard bronchial breathing. During the fourth year three mornings a week for six weeks were spent on the wards. At nine o'clock cases were assigned and histories taken and physical examinaf tions made, at eleven o'clock interesting cases were demonstrated by Dr. S. A. Brown. The Thursday and Friday clinical lectures were attended as during the third year. These clinics were given by Professors Janeway, A. A. Smith, Herman Biggs, and Egbert LeFevre. The student of today may be interested to read a short descripf tion of these clinics, as I remember them after twenty odd years. 85 I ,aim Xi, .He Dr. Janeway gave his last clinic during my third year in the medical school l ' and although I did not take a note and it was twentyfthree years ago, gave on y six, g H' D . Theodore Janeway who at that I remember four of them perfectly. is son, r , time taught us physical diagnosis but who later became Professor of Medicine at Columbia and still later at the Johns Hopkins, worked up the cases himself for his father. Professor Janeway usually showed only a single case. He would carefullgy , . 1 tell the history of the case to the class, then he would detail all the physica an ' ' ' d He mi ht demf laborator findings, telling minutely how these facts were arrive at. g Y onstrate the technique of determining some rather rare method, and then he would . . . . . d d. . t b 'ld h' d' vnosis. He sat quietly in a chair and spoke in a clear an istinc ui up is rag but conversational tone. Lastly he would discuss prognosis and treatment. Never dramatic, never hurred, always thorough, systematic, logical and clear, his clinics were . . 1. . h. h th best exhibition of demonstration teaching I have ever heard. The c mics w ic e I remember were on Raynaud's disease, one on Filariasis, one on an obscure abdominal tumor, and a clinic at which were shown a case of starvation and Vagabond's disease, and a case of Addison's Disease. Dr. A. A. Smith at the same time gave clinics and continued to do so until the time of his death in 1915. Cn each clinic day he would assign two senior students . , . . h d to report to the House Physician the next day to be given a case which they a to study and present at the clinic the next week. These cases were carefully worked up by the students and one of them presented the case at the clinic the following Friday. Dr. Smith had a real facility in emphasizing the good in a student's presentation and this feature of his clinics was most interesting. The latter part of the hour he SP4 1 would usually show in rapid succession a number of cases with interesting variations from normal: a peculiar temperature curve, a peculiar pigmentation of the skin, a pleurisy with effusion, an enlarged heart, enlarged liver, or a case of jaundice. One's later knowledge of Professor Smith's large private and consulting practice, however, showed that interesting though his clinics were, they drew less than might have been expected upon his really great clinical experience. Dr. Herman Biggs' clinics at Bellevue were wonderful and demanded real conf Centration from the students. Dr. Biggs as a section teacher was most inspiring. His clinics were nearly all on some type of infectious disease, a large number of them of patients with tuberculosis. The patient was usually used as a text for a lecture and his clinics were hardly clinics, but rather remarkable clinical lectures, always stressing the Public Health aspects of the disease presented. Dr. Egbert LeFevre gave one clinic a week on therapeutics. In his clinics he always discussed with the students in a most informal way the indication for treat' ment and the technique of meeting such indications. A commanding figure, six feet four inches tall, with a real love for students which was apparent to every one, strict but just, he was loved by the entire student body. Every one called him "Pop" LeFevre and I believe that all the students, even those whom he unwillingly had to ire, were fond of him. He was a still better teacher at the bedside than in a clinic. He was the kind of man who could fight with his students over a diagnosis, delighted if they disagreed with him and seeming to enjoy the rare occasions when they could get the better of him. He had a great personality. At the time of which I speak Doctor Janeway was Professor of Medicine. He was succeeded by Professor A. A. Smith, who was succeeded by Professor Biggs, who in turn was succeeded by Professor Carlisle. During these years, particularly under 85 Professor Carlisle, the actual contact of the patient and the student in the hospital has become developed to an extent never approached before. PRESENT METHOD OF TEACHING At present medicine is taught in the hospital as follows: In the second year, there are nine clinics of eighteen hours given in the wards of the hospital. These are introductory to medicine, coming after the completion of physiology, and demonstrating to students disordered function. The class is divided into two sections which when necessary are divided into five subsections so that each group may actually examine patients with a disfunction when that is an advantage. For example, each student at these conferences is allowed to examine cases of tachyf cardia and cardiac irregularities, but such disordered functions as disordered carbof hydrate metabolism are demonstrated by chart. In the third year, the student attends, as previously, the Thursday and Friday clinics now given by Professors Carlisle, Brown and Coleman. As the school curricuf lum is now arranged, the work which the student gets in his third year with patients is obtained in the college dispensary. It is the belief of the writer that in time much of the student's third year in medicine will also be spent in the hospital, both in the wards and the OutfPatient Department. In the fourth year, the students are assigned to two different stations at Bellevue Hospital for a period of four weeks, three mornings a week. They report to the Fourth Medical Division when the staff, under the supervision of Professors Guile and Slattery, instruct them in history taking and examining patients. Special emphasis 86 -,X . X, .- 'f ' i fjsinnrf is placed on the development of accuracy in methods of examination and of develop' ing the power of making special examinations. For eight weeks they are assigned to duty as clinical clerks on the Third Divif sion, here they are on duty daily from nine to five except for two hours' didactic inf struction each day. They are on duty one night a week until eleven o'clock and every third Sunday. They act as senior members of the house staff, completely working up their own cases, taking histories, making physical examinations, and doing all their own laboratory work, they are divided into groups of four or fewer students, each group having an instructor who is an assistant on the Visiting Staff and who is ref sponsible for the accuracy of their work. The clinical laboratories are under the charge of Professor Connery and his staff, who give them such assistance as is ref quired, but in no wise do the work for them. At their pleasure, they may request conferences with the various members of the Visiting Staff when their cases are propf erly worked up. Weekly clinicalfpathological conferences under the direction of Dr. de la Chapelle are held at which the case histories of patients who have died during the previous week are presented by the clinical clerks, the diagnosis discussed, their pathological specimens shown, and microscopic sections projected on the screen. In addition, two conferences a week are held in which assigned literature of the subject of the day is discussed and illustrative cases presented and discussed by the clinical clerks. These conferences are presided over by various members of the staff who are particularly interested in the subjects. In connection with this ward teaching are the Thursday and Friday clinics. These are conducted by the senior members of the Department of Medicine, Profesf sors Carlisle, Brown, and Coleman, who are Consulting Physicians to the hospital. These clinics are attended by the whole third and fourth year classes. The cases are presented, however, by the clinical clerks on duty on the wards. In this way the clinics act as a check on the clerks' work in the wards and also keep the senior mem' bers of the Department of Medicine in close touch with the hospital. Clinical lecf tures at the bedside are discouraged. It is felt that the clerk's time is better spent in doing work and having his work checked and discussed than in hearing frequent bedside lectures. I In short, the course is arranged and conducted with the following purposes ln view: The development of methods and accuracy in the collection of facts.. The development of ability to synthesize these facts into clinical pictures and label them correctly. To watch the natural course of such diseases as present themselves and to see how this course may be modified by various therapeutic means. ' u To check the accuracy of fact hnding and labeling by means of frequent indif vidual conference with instructors, by pathological conference, by consultation with older members of the Visiting Staff, and by the presentation before the Thursday and Friday clinics before the senior members of the department. I Lastly, to broaden the general knowledge of medicine by a series of conferences on key subjects, at which the important literature of the subject is reviewed and illus- trative cases presented and discussed by the students themselves, only guided bY the instructor in the chair. Practically all of the first part of this paper is abstracted from Dr. Carlisle? lD00li, and the author wishes to thank him for permission to use material from this source. I. - 87 Valentine Mott and the Surgical Clinic GEORGE D. STEWART, M. D. 2'-" ' HE half century in which Valentine Mott lived his prime was one of if I intense national consciousness. It was a time when the young country K f 4 of his birth looked chiefly to the Old World for tuition in the arts fy , K H and sciences. But it was also a time of individual experimentation, l f l I of horizons ever lifting to the westward, revealing resources which if I ' had never before been the possession of civilization. Here were plants and minerals whose unknown properties must be ascertained and, have ing been found, what health or wealth or both might they not yield! The teaching of medicine took into account these resources. Bot' any and the natural sciences formed a part of the regular curriculum cine were then far more likely than now to be men not only of science but of affairs. In Philadelphia, William Bartram, Professor of Botany at the Pennsylvania Medical School, explored the South in his botanical researches, in New York State, Dr. john Torrey performed a similar service, in New York also, Dr. Cadwalader Colden is remembered, not as a physician, but as a botanist, historian, and public official. Thus, the thesis of young Valentine Mott, on his graduf ation from the Medical School of Columbia College in 1806 the was the only graduate of that yearj, on the properties of the Statice Limoniurn, as a therapeutic agent, conf taining astringents and also materials for producing ink, partakes of the inquiring spirit of that time. In company with the most promising and prosperous of his contemporaries, Valentine Mott continued his medical studies abroad. From Edinburgh, the fount of inspiration of Morgan, Shippen, Bard, Rush, Physick, and most of the great names of two generations in our medical annals, he returned in 1809 with cognate ideals. And these ideals are significantg they were not so much to practice medicine, as to teach it. ., r ' I 'l I l f 1 I l I ' ' 'I ffl -, I if hi, l I of the medical schools of the day. Indeed, the practitioners of medif L1 -lf' EARLY MEDICAL EDUCATION IN AMERICA In America, at the time of Valentine Mott's graduation, one hundred and twen- tyfthree years ago, there were three schools of medicine, those of Pennsylvania, of Columbia, and of Harvard. But for the most part, young men desirous of learning medicine attached themselves to sorne eminent practitioner of an older generation, who undertook their tutelage in his office. The old schools, crippled by war and subsequent hard times, were waning in popularity and influence. In opposition to them there sprang into being the proprietary schools. These began as private lecture courses by eminent practitioners. Thus in New York the .,. .i. 88 College of Physicians and Surgeons, initiated as a course of lectures by Dr. Nicholas Romayne, grew until it swallowed the older school of Columbia. In Philadelphia Jefferson Collegehwrested an unwilling charter from the state. Rutgers Medical College, the Medical Department of New York University in New York, the Ver' mont Academy of Medicine at Castleton in Vermont, the Louisville Medical Instif tute in Kentucky, the Ohio Medical School of Cincinnati, are typical of the awaken' ing in medical education which swept the country in the first half of the century. These schools were organized, conducted, and owned by their faculties. The physician was thus by predeliction more nearly a teacher then than now. Medical journals and societies were founded, systems of medicine and of surgery raged. It was a didactic age. Having studied abroad under the Masters, having perhaps experimented at home in remedies unknown to Europe, one taught. Valentine Mott to his contemporaries was preeminently the great surgeong his boldness and finish of operation were dazzling. The most significant and enduring of Dr. Mott's contributions to Surgery, however, are, unfortunately and unfairly, forgotten now. Then they drew hostile and adverse criticism from his colleagues, for Dr. Mott lent his name and gave his great influence to the introduction into American surgery -of that new departure, that branch of surgery now called ortho' poedicsg and he became the first American teacher of this branch in his Clinics in the New York University Medical School. The establishment of this Surgical Clinic was itself an event likely to be rememf bered longer than the contributions of its founder to the changing fashions of surgery. The Surgical Clinic was an innovation. In 1824, it is true, Jefferson College had taken the first step to establish an. outfpatient department, and had fitted up the office of the Dean for the reception and care of such patients. But to New York University and to Dr. Mott belong the concept of teaching surgery by operatf ing on the living subject before the classes, and by followfup treatment on the part of the students themselves in the patients' homes. It is a matter of dispute whether New York or Philadelphia may lay claim to the first teaching clinic as distinguished from bedside teaching, but at least to New York belongs priority in opening a special clinic for surgery. In the "Annual Announcement of Lectures, Session l841f42," there is the follow- ing brief sketch of the plan: "First, Patients affected with surgical diseases, including the diseases of the Eye and Ear, are invited to attend at the College, Broadway every Saturday throughf out the year, between the hours of 12 M. and 2 o'clock P.M. Dr. Valentine Mott and Dr. Granville Sharp Pattison will be regularly in attendance, during those hours, to give advice on cases of surgical disease, and to perform all the necessary operations which may be required for their relief. "Second, After the operations have been performed, and the patients removed to their own homes, they will be attended there, under the direction of the Professors of Surgery and Anatomy, by the senior students of the Institution, who will be arf ranged in classes for the performance of this duty, and will be required to make regu' 89 h ses under treatment, to the Professors and to their lar reports of the progress of t e ca fellowfstudents. When necessary, either the Professor of Surgery or of Anatomy will visit the patients at their houses with the students." PUBLICITY METHODS Another novelty of this Clinic, worthy of the modern publicity man, was the use made of it to advertise the Medical Department of the University, which did not hold its formal opening lectures until the week of October 26th, a date fixed upon, as set forth in the Announcement already quoted, by equally shrewd business conf their lectures," we siderations. "The Faculty has been induced to fix the commencement of read, "on the suggestion of some gentlemen from the South, one week before the Medical Lectures commence in Philadelphia. It has been thought that it would be very desirable for the southern students to have it in their power to attend the Intro' ' ' d h e in Philadelphia. By commencing ductory Lectures delivered in New York an t os ' ek before they begin in Philadlphia, this opportunity the lectures in New York one we F lt J believe that a large majority of the gen' will be afforded them, and they Qthe acu y tlemen of the South, who propose visiting Philadelphia, will leave home a week earlier than they would otherwise have done, and come on to New York to be present at ' ' M olis of their country, indepenf the introductory lectures. A visit to the great etrop ' t ke in comparing the two schools, will most certainly dently of the interest they may a much more than repay them for the trouble of visiting New York." 90 SURGICAL CLINIC The Surgical Clinic, in the "brilliantly lighted amphitheatre with its accommodaf tions for -five or six hundred persons," began several months earlier. An account of one of the clinics as given in the public prints of the day Uuly 22, 1841, may be of interest: "We announced some time since, the establishment by the Medical Department of the University of a Surgical Dispensary, at which Surgical cases are prescribed for, and operated on, every Saturday, at the College, Broadway, from 12 till 2 o'clock,' by Dr. Valentine Mott and Dr. Granville Sharp Pattison, the Professors of Surgery and Anatomy in that Institution. We visited it on Saturday last, and were much def lighted with the course pursued. It is a noble charity-one calculated, not only to confer great beneits on the poor of our City but one which must elevate and promote medical science. We took a few notes, which we now publish, and we shall, from time to time, visit the institution, and give to the public the result of our observations. "The first case introduced was that of a man who had been brought to the Disf pensary, the week before, nearly blind. He had a large ulcer on the corner, and viof lcnt inflammation of the eye. Dr. Pattison exhibited the patient, who was nearly cured-explained, with clearness, the treatment which he had conducted at his office, the patient visiting him every day-and gave some most interesting observations on the nature of these diseases. The next case Dr. P. brought forward was that of a poor man who, from an injury, had suffered, for five weeks, the greatest agony. A 91 deep collection of matter was discovered, a free incision made down to the bone, and the patient almost immediately relieved. The poor fellow could not refrain from ex' pressing his gratitude. He said that his sufferings had been so great before he saw the doctor, that he had not been able to sleep for an hour for five weeks, but after the operation, his pains all disappeared and he had felt easy and comfortable. .The Pro' fessor gave a short lecture on the case, and pointed out the necessity of distinguishing those deep collections of matter from superficial ones, as in this case, a surgeon had opened a supericial abscess and discharged a considerable quantity of matter, but without the slightest relief to the patient .... A CASE OF STAMMERING Dr. Mott now exhibited a case of stammering, and gave an excellent lecture on the different operations proposed for its relief. He stated that he had during his visit to Europe, become acquainted with the distinguished surgeons who had first recom' mended the operations-objected to the operation recommended by a German, whose name we did not hear, but, said the operation of the French was, from its simplicity, free from objection. He then said that Dr. Post had operated in the Hospital dvith entire success. Dr. Mott having had a dissection prepared, gave an interesting dem' onstration of the anatomy of the muscle to be divided, and concluded by performing the operation of its division on a stammerer who was introduced. fThe operation proposed for the cure of stammering was the submucous division of the hyoglossus and styloglossus muscles. Mott in his American edition of Velpeau's Surgery states that this was first tried in practice by Dieffenbach, Amusat, Velpeau and others, but admits in the same sentence that Lit is now mostly abandonedfj "An interesting case of an old fracture of the forearm was shown by Dr. Mott, and the cause of the inability of motion was clearly explained by that eminent sur' geon, and some admirable remarks made by him on the treatment of fractures, with the view of avoiding such results. A number of other interesting cases were exam' ined and commented on by the surgeons, but space will not permit us to detail them. "A very large attendance of the members of the profession and of the students were present-we should suppose over one hundred and fifty-who expressed, by their attention, the deep interest they took in the proceedings, and those gentlemen of the profession with whom we conversed, assured us, that the liberal course pursued by the faculty, and the anxiety they displayed in promoting medical science, could not fail to build up at once, the first medical school in this country, for ourselves we can only say, we have never had a doubt on the subject." 'Euclid lasted as a text book about 2,000 years, Dionysius of Thrace wrote a l..at1n Grammar which is said to have been used as a text book three generations ago in Great Britain, for the most part the text books in Medicine are as ephemeral as the snows of .yester'year, but this Saturday Clinic still continues. Is it not, perhaps, the-most. lasting memorial of its founder? A teacher, like an actor, may be said to perish with the generation which listens to his voice, for the substance of his teaching becomes obsolete. Forgotten as a surgeon, Mott, more fortunate, lives in the curricu' lum of the school he helped to found. 92 4,1 . . , Obstetrics at Bellevue Hospital FREDERICK W. RICE, M.D. 7-1-1 HE MATERNITY service of Bellevue Hospital is probably the oldest in this country. For nearly two hundred years the City of New York has prof X 4 vided maternity care for the poor of the city. As early as 1736 the I ffl I first institution for the care of the poor was erected on the site of the X X X present City Hall to serve as a public almshouse and penitentiary. In for six beds and Dr. John Van Buren, who had received his medical training abroad, was appointed Attending Physician. This hospital, with a capacity of six beds, an insignificant adjunct of the Poor House, - was destined to develop during the next two hundred years into the present Bellevue, one of the oldest and most widely known hospitals in ' , ,ff 'E the country. ' -...iii ..'....ff,.:1li The rapid growth in population, the distress and hardship follow' p,, Ill Q 'lf f'-7 If 1' ? Ill 1 this building was set aside as an infirmary a room barely large enough - f i I! I 5 ' ' 'l ff! , I hy I I i L I ing the Revolutionary War and the suffering brought about by epie demics of yellow fever increased the number seeking public charity. In 1796 the original building was replaced by a larger one in the same locality. THE NEW ALMSHOUSE I By 1811 the almshouse had once more become too small and plans were conf sidered for a much larger institution. In 1816 a building was erected on the site of the present hospital. In addition to the almshouse, which was later taken over as part of Bellevue Hospital, two hospital buildings were erected to the west of the almshouse between what are now First and Second Avenues and 26th and 28th Streets. In the almshouse were apartmentsfor the poor, a chapel, and two wards for maternity patients, one for white women in the north wing and one for colored in the south. Although in the early years only a small part of the institution was utilized as a hospital for the care of the sick, a large number of maternity cases among the inmates were cared for by the physician connected with the hospital. The records of March, 1817, show that in the eighteen months preceding there had been about 130 deliveries. During this time there were two internes living in the institution who alternately served as "man midwife." . By 1848 the number of patients in the hospital was so great that the inmates of the almshouse were transferred to quarters on Blackwell's Island and the buildings taken over by the hospital. At this time the Hospital Board was reorganized and the lyingfin department attached to the medical division. . .1 5 x 'lj'-6 X 93 , "V TH- ' "1 , V' ,, ,Q ." 'N 1 I M I W W ' , . ff-Hhs- 1 1, , 1--1 '.,-f1""'-- ' f '- il" -'TT' ' ' " 'H' , Y ll t .., ' Nw '- ' . W s -5 9 11 1, Q - x f 4.-- is M444 -fW-s-- " A-4.5911 nd in 1850 Th ecords of this time mention the existence of puerperal fever a e r an isolation ward for such cases was established on the second floor of the new build' ing. The number of dea out of a total of 210 deliveries. - ths from this cause from 1848 to 1855 averaged ten a year l d d the l invfin ward this time provided In 1855 the hospital was again en arge an y g accommodations for 250 patients a year. During the early 1870's the medical board became very much alarmed at the inf creasing number of infections in the surgical and obstetrical departments. Between January and June of 1874, out of 166 cases of confinement, thirtyfone women died of septic infection. As a result the obstetrical service was taken from Bellevue and trans' f d th Charit Hospital on Blackwell s Island. However, the death rate there erre to e y soon exceeded that at Bellevue and the Commissioners arranged with several private hospitals to receive the maternity cases. This plan was given up very speedily and for a short time the women were taken aboard the transfer steam boat. Those who were confined while awaiting transportation were attended by one of the staff and a student nurse. In 1877, as a result of Grand Jury action, a building on 26th Street between Second and Third Avenues, which had been used as an engine house by the Fire Def partment was equipped as an emergency lyingfin hospital. This building was used 7 for the maternity service of Bellevue until 1908 when the obstetrical service was transferred to the sixth floor of the new Pavilion A and B. At about the same time l gl X A. , ,fx , . ' 'W . I ' ,.,.,, ,A ,.- H 4.4 4.5 H .- ,Q ,. -a 2 7 ' V I 8 I r -,- -ffffs. , A . , N . s. I - , 1 ' " f '-. , 'cf if A,f'w.', 4-ff ,fi---A'W f--- 8 wh' . . 4 Ag, ggfr fe 1 Af, H ---. I rxxsx yi VF I I .EL A, f . f. : , f eg , , - Z"--' ... 4 " ' ' , -f ' H r --,-,-,L vp nga- I 3 g ,iff K .. I . Y . I Q- X , YK :V it 4 ,,,1i,L.i:,V,v -7-jx, xk.,..n..,,2x v1..,.,Q:H ' H f' KAI' - ,- li 7 fi,-,,,-.-- 'R - - w X , I f' ,' ,Ni .1 , . 4 M M.. 1 V I V, ,- K, A . " -14:11, l 94 .....-ff, 1- I N-Q... ...Va -.' J I' 1 f 1 f "Iii-J gf.-. W til? v k - ,....,---- -- I 7' M '--,..f ,fi,N ...,,,...g3-,--,-,,,,.-. 1, '-.41TQ.'eff"l .15 . - L- ' - . 'f' a separate maternity service was organized in the old emergency hospital on 26th Street for the care of patients in the home, and placed under the control of the Belle' vue maternity service. This service was for the training of midwives and continues in operation at the present time as a school for midwives. In 1912, on the completion of the new Pavilion L and M, the maternity service was transferred to the third floor where it is at present located. At the same time a prenatal clinic was organized in the outfpatient department to care for a limited numf ber of women who were unable to have proper care in their homes at the time of delivery. EARLY TEACHING It may be of interest to learn that the first reference to public instruction in Bel' levue has been found in a brief note in the "Medical Repository" for 1804, which states that since a sufficient number of cases occurred in the lyingfin ward, 'iDr. Val' entine Seaman has begun a course of lectures on the obstetrical art, including anatomy, physiology and practical parts, and as the establishment is particularly devoted to the education of females, it will be easy for midwives to avail themselves of it." At the present time on the combined services there are about 2,400 deliveries each year. At the school for midwives all of the patients receive prenatal care. The normal patients are delivered by the student midwives under the supervision of doc' tors on the service. The abnormal cases are sent to the maternity service at the hos' pital. The results in the care of these patients during the past thirteen years show a remarkably low maternal and infant mortality and demonstrate the results of prevenf tive obstetrics. The service at Bellevue Hospital is able to provide complete care only for about half the cases as provision must be maintained for a large number of emerf gency cases. Because of crowded conditions in the outfpatient building, it has been only dur' ing the past year that we have been able to use the prenatal clinic for clinical teach- ing. Prior to the present year the prenatal clinic has been held in the old dispensary and only one room was available for the care of the prenatal patients. This year, however, the clinic has been transferred to the. ground floor of Pavilion A and B which has ample facilities for teaching. Next year, with the opening of the new dis' pensary, every facility for the care of patients and the instruction of students will be provided. T The prenatal clinic in the new dispensary building will have a large waiting room for patients and ten examining rooms with individual dressing rooms, a good- sized class room ,a history room, and an office for the attending staff. This well' equipped prenatal clinic combined with the ward delivery service which cares for 15 0 cases each month will provide ideal facilities for teaching clinical obstetrics. 95 Progress in Gynecological Teaching ONsLow A. GORDON, JR., M.D. ii HIS MESSAGE to the Violet and to the class of 1929 would first wish you success in all matters pertaining to the practice of medicine. We are natuarally especially solicitous concerning your success in the field of gynecology, for it is largely by this degree of success that our endeavor will be judged. Our effort has been first to give a sufficient ground work in gnyecology for future advance and second to stimulate an interest in this department of medicine. Let us for a moment consider the physical arrangement of our def partment. We are especially favored in this regard. The hospital with a continuous service under the direction of Professor Holden is but across the street from the lecture hall and the laboratory. Our hospital service gives us an abundance of clinical material, the daily census averaging from seventyffive to one hundred patients. We care for over 1,900 patients a year. In addition to this wealth of material, we have one of the largest gynecological outfpatient departments in the city at our disposal. I will discuss briefly how we have attempted to cofordinate and utilize this ma' terial to the greatest advantage of the student. The time, however, has now arrived when you may turn the tables and pass judgment upon us and state boldly our degree of success. The work in gynecology begins in the Junior year. One lecture a week is given by the Professor over a period of thirtyftwo weeks. Occasionally the lectures are clinical when they are given in the hospital amphitheater, but as a rule they are held in the lecture hall. These lectures cover the principles of gynecology. One hour a week for the first trimester is devoted to a quiz, which is based on the textbook fEden and Lockyerej or some assigned subject. During the second trimester the work is given in the gynecological dispensary, where an endeavor is made to teach routine gynecological examination with no special attention to diagnosis. This is done for one hour a week over a period of nineteen weeks. A third trimester is given of microscopical demonstration of the various gynecological lesions commonly seen. This work is to my mind one of the most valuable courses offered to our students and one that, I feel sure, the student will regard with an increasing sense of value as his ex' perience broadens. The work in the senior year is entirely upon thewards of the hospital. The class is divided into sections, each section spending nine hours a week for four weeks at the hospital. During this time the student is instructed in gynecological historyftaking and physical examination, indivdual cases being assigned to the student daily. The 96 fa Mr . iw Z sg?-ay ' ss . Vs X ,X QM A 'N . A, . .f3" Ef 'i f . 4 . , more unusual and instructive cases are discussed before the entire section. This work is carried on by one of the associates, often under the supervision ofthe Professor. QTO one who knows Professor Holden the latter phrase is unnecessary as he is a fre' quent supervisor of all departmental activitiesj We appreciate fully that this arrangement of time and material is very different from that followed in many of our sister schools even here in New York. No desigf nated time is given for the witnessing of operative work, although cases are frequently followed even beyond operation by the individual student. We do, however, feel that the long hours spent on hard benches witnessing technically difficult gynecological operative procedures could be better utilized in a study of the essentials of gynecology. Our effort is to send out students who will have a fair understanding of the fundaf mentals of gynecology, men who will do no harm by overfenthusiastic endeavor, and students who have been stimulated to continue their study in one of the most fascinatf ing fields in the practice of medicine. 97 1. I I . 1 In retrospect, now, how mild The worries of the Hirst year" child. And time helps dull the memory too By making second year's labors few. And the third year once so in vain Is haloed-no remnant of the pain. How hazy all this, and buried deep In the last year's gentle sleep. y x ff - if .g-,f-1, -x, . ,..,.. W. V X x 1 X f x ,.---.. , ,rf A , I 1 1 . , 1 xX- f. ,V-:,,., .Nh-5 1 '-W,-. In ' JVrAr'.!-D-,,j,', 1 x x v. , x f ,- X. ,--Q' . 7" ' 1 "W f E H I V 1 .. , X .1 rl' ,X I j M 4 X , 1 H ' X , 1 A w fig.- . .-A L I , 5 'x ,. S Class of 1929 JAMES A. SHANNON JOSEPH DALVEN President VicefPresiderLt ALICE WATERHOUSE LEO WILSON Secretary Treasurer The Senior Above a cardfilled table the mighty Senior stands, With little jetfstained mustache, a cigarette in hand. He goes to class when'er he please And wallows in a life of ease. His station's high among us Who must trod the weary path, E Yet we hope he'll Smile, as he does now, When he meets the public's wrath. 102 Class of 1929 Cfihe Evil Cfdliat e9Ken To Lives differ CGhem THE FRESHMAN YEAR -' lf 1 l la ,llllllllll uuu --vm-N HREE SCORE and minus fiftyfsix years ago, our members brought forth upon this continent a new class, conceived in misery and dedicated to the proposition that some day, with political influence, each of us would sew up at least one good interneship. We were met on a battlefield to determine whether or not the Democrats were more powerful than the Republicans fat least in New York and Jersey City, and whether or not Eddie Cantor really had any drag with Tammany Hall. We could not sacrifice many of our members for such a cause, but we were met to carry on the good work of the brave men, passed and flunked, who in the past had offered their lives that more dogs and cats might die on the laboratory table. I nuuwr 1 Without regard to race, creed, color, or previous condition of serf . ...l,...,.,.,,,,, ,, L vitude, we sat in Carnegie on September 16, 1925, and for one full hour - bore with silent meditation that insidious attack of the faculty. Politely, Dean Brown assured us that there would be little time for recreation but that if our ancestors could do the work, we certainly could do as well, if not better. Were we not all 100 per cent handpicked. Of course, the Dean forgot to mention that some of our ancestors fell by the wayside and others fell upon stony places .... That some fell among thorns and the thorns sprang up and choked them. He told us only of those who fell on good ground and sprang up and bore fruit an hundredffold. Leaving Carnegie, we were extremely surprised to find, as evidenced by the no' tices on the Bulletin Board, that our dear professors had been thinking of us all along and wanted us to become physicians as soon as possible. All that was asked of us was to buy some six or seven textbooks, note books, drawing paper, pencils of different hardness and softness, erasers, blenders, and laboratory coats. The assignments in osteology, microfanatomy, and physical chemistry were overwhelming considering the warm September days and our inexperience at solid cramming. We truly envied the juniors and Seniors, who looked down upon us and merely shrugged their shoulders. The first gift that we received from the faculty was a beautiful box of moth ball' preservedfbones. We struggled all the way home with the cumbersome box but with an anxiety to start on our new career. The anxiety was soon changed to despair when in a cold, lonely room we tried to swallow and absorb all the points of interest and important landmarks including the presentation and position of all the nooks and corners of the masterly work of the forces of Nature. Cur discouragement was 103 ,' -A -- 'M .- nw . V 5 .. ., ,-, J.. A .. "Mfr Y .1T"Nr ,.' -1 ' L"""'f4f 'vii'-N. . .fx -ns, . , ,ff -'-M-as -T-r. V i 1 ' 'vs"'.f , -ff ---fr' ' '-it '1' 'A " : ." 1 'A ' ix-."' l i La- f . .-. - 5-f----f L - 1' ' w 1" v .-,,.,,,.'.,,.-. . J - , . ,- -. .--fj f .,- ,Q - -xL.,xA.r,,..,,. --Y , .M ' ,.f X A f- r . W. .M-. - mf.. A. - -s ,A ,Q ,..--fr' - s--.qgf ,xg,Lj,,,. ,, ,.-.,, . -,. . caused not only by the difficulty we experienced in mastering the bones, but by the fact that we were ostracised by our families and forced to study in the cellar. Two weeks later the showdown came, and this was the anlage of a broken pane of glass. Dissection proved dramatic from the start when one man declared that the first thing he saw on entering the dissecting room was a "lot of dead peoples." The real grind had now set in and- Thereafter we merely remainined in our houses And studied arteries, nerves, and muscles, We could no longer do as we pleased Because of our profs and tuition fees. What is known as the First Directorate rested on the genius of Oscar Drexler, the wealth of Leo Wilson, the political and social affiliations of Henry McMahon, and the moral support of Alice Waterhouse. Leo Wilson demanded and got a pound of flesh from each and everyone of us simply because we didn't know any better then. However, that gave us the wherewithal to run a Freshman Dance, which proved to be a great success for the Seniors. Then came the exams and the year was over. Some fell by the wayside, some became Sophs, and the rest became semifSophs with a condition or so to pass off. THE SOPHOMORE YEAR The summer provided some relief for the dreaded Freshman Year. We returned minus some fifteen men and one woman, eleven having decided that they wanted to earn an honest living and five having their minds made for them. We were soon introduced to two young, but very ambitious lackeys of the Department of Physif ology, who insisted on breaking a lifeflong custom of not reading our physiology ref ports. Gone were the days when Harry punched the reports as being accepted, and thereafter a little more attention was paid to writing these masterpieces. Pathological Physiology followed and captains were assigned to take care of a squad of men, who were held responsible for the various experiments. The captain earned his title by 104 K,,.-- V' , 5 A x,:.T'-a..,4wf I T , V .X ..,w LH - .M-A ,whip .. gint' .4- doing the work while the squad played pinochle or bridge. To make the examination more interesting, the professor asked for a discussion of the mechanism of the allof chyria, but, unfortunately, most of us had never heard of it before. The Second Directorate was composed of Premier Jim Shannon, whose stenf torian voice often shook the building with violent force, Ben Hyman, whose irresisf tible naivete succeeded in affording us the unusual opportunity of presenting our notef books in Operative Surgery for inspection one week before the final examinationsg Leo Wilson, our own Alexander Hamilton, whose success was indicated by our ability to give some of the faculty Christmas presents, and Alice Waterhouse, who continued her good work in compiling statistics. The study of "typhoid fevah" was a gigantic task with its large spleen, rose spots, and steplike rise of temperature. Pharmacology offered many opportunities for nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, and some of us almost went into coma, collapse, and death before the eight weeks were over. The rest periods in Pathology gave some relief from the ungodly grind, but soon the year was over and it was written in the Book of judgment that fifty seven men would take a total of seventyfseven conditions. THE JUNIOR YEAR The Junior Year with all its pleasures and examinations afforded us the privilege of coming in contact with the living patient. The courses we took, covered everything from soup to salted nuts. We learned a few secrets of Broadway with special regard to the value of external and internal rest in maintaining its appendix in good shape. After listening to Professor Flint, we realized how simple a matter it was to convert a normal case into an abnormal one. Uccasionally, we found ourselves in the woods but were steered right by a Park. Professor Wadhams begged us to give a guarded prognosis when we were called in to see a fracture or a dislocation. We learned that a certain tendon used for suture material was obtained from a humble marsupial, who carries its young in a carpet bag. We realized that Laryngology was not a course in singing, and that the lectures were to be thought of and not Hurd. It was ,,....f..a, ffF?Q'fx P .i 3 Wh tsp.. .f XX f f fu lm W Sl. 3' lg V! .i lift, ii We . ffl' h X ff A 'Xu 'F .'1 i Jill" us fifty xl 3' .fif-.if P ..'.I,"1r' " '. 2. jfil' fr, XX ' .7 O V, xxx iQ I .LYQ Ag ff n fi' EWR. ,ik 4 J! 'Ax fa? 4 V1-1' ff W "s.kz,f:TX3 ' ff af. L53 A lim.-f N U'g,f,.'rf V ijjgly V A r 1' 'F E'-Q"-5-Q , 'ffl f t, " A iff, ff ,535 if' 4, 15 2, fi ,. I X, ,' f fx aff Nil W 137 V! 1,1 XX '.,,.',g ly' gb 1 'K i I x'ii5?i1f"-X flv ,QV j ,jf lm, -ii f fal A sa 13 ,Cf 2. iq if T fm F EX . - -04,4 4 105 F If' . X also during this momentous year that we were formally introduced to the Mayflower. QFor further information see Dr. Livingston., The class elected to take the Specialty exams before Easter. They were not as bad as they might have been, except for those who had never heard of Dench's Angle. - i t-f w 1 ., an fj m b q 5 5,1-Seq , 24 X 5 xxx . T "ky A I - -l xx Nl j T7 ll A j X xg f .T L 51 4, lhl ' x lg ,.: lil ' - f fl ' I lnnixki fn YN X ,Rube-I, -1 Christmas, with all its joys, came and went. Upon returning, we attended our clinics with intense enthusiasm. This made us a little stale and we decided to hold a banquet at the Hotel Brierield on the evening of April 26, 1928. The dinner was excellent and so were the drinks and stories. Professor Haubold opened the ceremonies in a manner befitting his wellfearned reputation, and later was relieved by his able assistant, Doctor Kutisker, who discharged his duties as Toast Master with credit. The members of the faculty, whose presence added distinction and good cheer to the banquet were Professors Haubold, Freedman, Wadhams, Major Connolly, and Doc' tors Freed, Reich, johnson, and Kutisker. Imitations 'of men on the faculty, who were not present that night, were afforded by Acampora and Epstein. Laven read an ultrafscientific paper on Hemorrhoids, and Betcha Chaskaleva sang a few charming Russian lullabies. Weinstock's Class History was a masterpiece. All in all, the evening was very enjoyable and proved conclusively that students and professors are really very chummy when they meet outside the classroom. The Third Year with its many accomplishments was ably guided by the Irish Mussolini, Jim Shannon, joe Dalven, his side kick, Leo Wilson, who was again on the job so that the class could meet the dance deficit and distribute some more Christmas presents to the faculty, and Alice Waterhouse, who was now showing evidence of dfveloping writer's cramp as the result of her arduous work in the interest of the c ass. The end of the year was marked by a sudden lull in social activities. The topic of the day was EXAMS. It was a terrible ordeal trying to review conscientiously for all of them, but most of us made out well. Without regret the Junior Year was ended. 106 THE SENIOR YEAR We returned after a pleasant summer rounded out by a crack at the line art of Midwifery and accepted the kind invitation of the Department of Hygiene to take a few outdoor trips into the wilds of New Jersey to see a water purification plant and a sewage disposal plant, neither of which is a vegetable. lt was explained to us how water from the Hackensack River was gradually purified so that it could be used by Hillel, Taterka, Schwartzwald, and other citizens of Jersey. Angellilus being a native of a nearby town, came in his buggy accompanied by the Sheriff, who was proud of the fact that New Yorkers were so eager to see Hackensaclfs marvellous creation. The process in short is as follows: The water passes through a netting screen, which captures old shoes, dead dogs, and foliage. It then reaches a sedimentaf tion basin, where a coagulant is added from a nearby house. The water is allowed to stand for a time and then men are sent out in row boats to take samples for chemical and microscopical examination. Should it be discovered that Typhoid Mary or any of her sorority sisters have been in the neighborhood, a general alarm is sent out for the county physician, who is an undertaker on Saturdays, Sundays, and Holidays. It is his duty to see that the offender is justly punished and that the water is well disinfected before passing to the homes of our Jersey brethren. We were then taken in powerful buses to a sewage disposal plant, stopping off, however, ir1 a lonely town called Hackensack for lunch. The next day was spent at the Baby Health Stations, where joe Becker was caught drinking a bottle of Grade A milk, but was pardoned because of his emaciated and cachectic appearance. Next in order was a trip to the Museum of Natural History, where we learned that a human being was worth about thirteen cents in American money. The final trip to the Department of Health revealed many things of interest including the beautiful blonde statistician. The Hygiene Demonstration being ended, we were ready to begin the work of the Fourth Year with Jim Shannon, Joe Dalven, Leo Wilson, and Alice Waterf house again holding the fate of the Class of '29 in their experienced hands. Sections i. ,Q 'Qc 107 , , ""',Q,,Ef'ft"t--F-X ,ff-V' p 1 , 'ffffsr-Q," ,V 1 " 2, ' .l,m'f':' ' "' 'L 4' e ' '- ' Af, ,f 'V ., ' H f VR- . A ' 1 gf XY- . N - , -ff-'-s--Q w -, 15 f f -4 fi 'h u the work for their MD's on the Third One and Two were chosen to nis p . . Medical Division. The rest of the class was allowed to play bridge and pinochle, attending classes as it saw fit until its turn came. The Executive Board of the Bellevue Violet, consisting of Oscar Drexler, joe Hillel, and joe Rube decided to celebrate the future success of its efforts. Thus, ' H l M hattan Square and was a huge success, the Violet Dance was held at the ote an both socially and financially. The latter ought to be true because the Chairman, L o Wilson, has been seen smoking bigger and better cigars ever since. e The year was going fast and notices of hospital examinations were being posted l Th the suturing began Some of the boys knew the men on the examining dai y. en . board, while others knew someone who knew another who was acquainted with someone on the board. A few had important political affiliations. Some had sub' ' ' ' l . Th t'tuted during the summer and were given preference at other hospita s ose s 1 who knew nobody worked on a percentage basis and applied to six or seven places in the hope of getting at least one. Thus, you see that our original purpose was to sew up a good internship, and most of us did. However, we must not forget that as one sews, so may he find that the sutures may rip. And so we come to the end of our four short years, replete with happy memories and everlasting friendships made in the laboratory, the hospital, and the basement. Soon we will be swept away to the four corners of the earth-Flushing, Jersey City, jamaica, and Morrisania City fif it ever opensj. But, if life be kind to us, perhaps, we will often meet again and revive the pleasant memories of the boys who sat together on the benches. Y ! ""'7 l up N 'lg phil? 5 1 Xiu js., . ' :fi Y f.i,p:,,:,, nu - , -, N, 1 . f M , .- 'xxx' , - ' I N' 1 A-,-3 ,Q if V ,xv 'gd 'ggfgizs W Q X V, -'lj' ff:--I - , s U . Y X fi V, .V .. ,X 'XE 354 gi, 5 ff" M , V Wiki" fr ' - 'lf Y V A 1 If li A V A' X ix ' "'f1ljlg4A- .lip gi,--V.,.V,VV" ,B-5J,3-mrglg-4:44-b Q " W , X , ,g ' , - ' ', . . 111,-my " , f as lg ' ' ' .. ,- . 1 . 4 ,f jg x 'P LM 1, ,,:N--- ' ' A A s " - .Q , x ,-,J aw - -.S is -- QN,-,gym 5 P -a 5, :I 2 F' U Y E S 3 I 2 3 's F I i E n X,-...--3 VF 3' 1 I, ,,, V? 6 Cb., , V, A r..v F K ,liar i Viiaffff v I K If wk ! , ' ,A my . V .gag Z 9 f u. K. . ' - Z glvggg i RIND VV L-rf Q9 A SEN, ,.,, ' xr-xi: D Q-X W5 5 as 2 if 9241! ff-1 . Q X1 f A , A-W -SQ ---I 5 ' 'ms' 9' Q' . Xi---, ff'-'f LM? 5 W fm-X 1 1 E ANGELO ANTHONY ACAMPORA 231 East 108th Street, New 'York City Columbia University A.B.-1925 LAMBDA PHI MU, VIOLET HUMOR BOARD 141. Certain peculiar circumstances center about our "Ac," as we affectionately call him. Fate seems to have kindly conspired to place him at the top of our honorable alphabetical list. Hence, it has been his good fortune to start off our practical examinaf tions while the rest of the boys remained sympaf thetically behind awaiting the results of his pioneer efforts. Always, he emerged smiling and assured us of the kindliness and wellfintentioned efforts of the instructor to extract stray bits of lingering in- formation. "Ac" in a general way serves as an official barometer. When he loses weight, by the use of our well-trained powers of observation fthanks to Dr. Pulleyj, we know that examinations are imminent, ,lust as mystifying is the sudden increase in corporeal rotundity afterwards. His is the personality that can never make enemies. His beaming geniality and sense of humor are therapeutic qualities of the highest order, and we assuredly recommend him as a sedative to those patients of a neurotic constitution. ARTHUR ABRAMSON 130 Wadstuorth Avenue, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 VIOLET BOARD f4J, DANCE COMM. fl, 2, 43, KEY COMM. 141. Like a cinder from a passing train, Arthur came into the eye of the Third Medical Division by daring to ask why a blood count had been ordered. Here was no ordinary mortal, the class realized, but a David defying a Goliath, a Daniel in a den of lions. And as he enthusiastically counted red cells far into that night, Artie wondered who had said, "He who thirsts for knowledge shall be rewarded." And how! - , - Arthur is an extraordinary pianist, and is especially adept at playing duets. His technique on these occasions is admirable, and many an encore has been requested. A man who can play a sonata by Beethoven and diagnose a mitral lesion equally well justly deserves the admiration of his fellows, and Arthur has it. City .S.-1926 , 45, KEY :hur came by daring sd. Here :d, but a 1 of lions. s far into "He who l." And and is unique on in encore ' a sonata n equally s fellows, '- .ff PAUL ANGELILLIS 129 Eluaclqenbusll Avenue, Dumont, New jersey C. C. N. Y, ' B.S.-1926 Paul combines the practical aspects of a medical man with the delicacy and finesse and temperament of the artist to form a homogeneous entity, yet each sufficiently modiied to render them compatible. One would sooner think of him composing a musical score fand he has written a number of beautiful compositionsj than of performing a gastrofenterf ostomy, yet withal capable of doing the latter. To Paul, the aesthetic side of medicine is of peculiar attraction and interest, and one might say with him: "A thing of Beauty is a joy forever." But, al' though, Paul has had more than the usual amount of artistic insight allotted to the average human being he, nevertheless, recognizes "dead peoples" when he sees them. ., X ' I ' ff ' , A v , "--X ,ff f' . 1 5 L L ' l : 1 5 , vl V Q' i ' 1 1 i N l f ' w . 5 1 V I .1 2 ' l tx-,xg I, V tk -. ' -s..,-- 1-g THEODORE ALFRED ATLAS 125'Richmond Ave., Port Richmond, Staten Island New York University B,S.--1926 This fellow walks about as if the cares of the world were resting upon his gorgantuan shoulders. We have often wondered at the cause of that preoccupied look. Was this apparent oblivion merely mashing the calisthenics of an active mind or was he just recalling some far distant pinochle game in which he had participated. We are still wondering. Ted has a very valuable relic among his treasured possessions-an Osler which dates back to primaeval days. He carries this around with him, treasuring its tattered pages and guarding it zealously and faithfully as befits an antique of such value. But, truthfully, Ted, what do you think of in those occasional periods of lapsis menti in which you indulge. ' ,, W-X, 'i T 'c K f up pi up J ,V J ' I-gfsxfgipf FRANK A. BAILEY, IR. Altoona, Iowa State University of Iowa B.S.-1927 PHI CHI, OMEGA BETA PI, ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA, Assoc. ART EDITOR OF VIOLET MJ, LITERARY CLUB. Bailey drifted East two years ago from out of the widefopen West, where the men are men and the women are glad of it. lt has taken us all of these two years to get his sixfguns and chaps away from him, and the sagebrush clawed out of his whiskers, but he's settled down quite a bit now. He still sleeps in a sleepingfbag with a horsefhair riata spread around to keep lonesome diamondfbacks out of his boudoir, but this can't be held against him. We hand it to him this much, that he built a loop big enough for A. O. A, For further points of inf terest concerning his private life, see the girls in the office. They have all the facts about this hombre on Hle. And if you never saw particular hell raised, just stick around and watch Bailey hnd out he hasn't any mail. HUGH MENAGH BABBITT, JR. Mendham, New jersey Rutgers University B-S--1925 PHI GAMMA DELTA, PHI BETA KAPPA, VIOLET BOARD HJ, DANCE COMMITTEE QU. To listen to Babbitt's chatter about his home town, one would think that Mendham, N. I., is second to none as a metropolis-they even have side' walks there! But in spite of the lure of the big city which Hugh describes for us, he doublefcrosses us and spends night after night in Bayonne. His favorite expression is "Say, Older, I'm gettin' ready to take a good 'poke' at yOU." Hugh is a Rutgers man, but one day we almost had him break down and confess he wasn't so proud of the fact-that is, deep down inside. And this despite the fact that Rutgers is situated on the banks of the Raritan. , , ,fl-.iff . - X 1-53.14 - X, , f " s-sQ5X rg tw, - . -f f X-U4-,-' - 1 . -. s J 1. ,-..--j lg,-J-.-, K fr H-Vi'u.-,. 15,12 L. ' . 'f A r V --f--A-"' -..',1,J Y ,.Y.V.v,, NY,-. L L., ,. L, ,..s...,.,. ,.-,-,..- Y- L--.4.--if ,in l' ' I . l 1 . X 1 , I I M3 'l fi I II l lp. .. I 'Q . :Q ,I I 1 ,, .VJ 5 R. .S.-1925 , Viouir lj. his home N. J., is have side' f the big Jlefcrosses une. His tin' ready ve almost wasn't so de. And :d on the as ,A I :lf il L: l -l 4 '1 ,213 lf 1 CARL BARON 7516 Eighteenth Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 TAU EPSILON PHI In this cubicle, we have Carlos the fair, Carlos the dashing and brave cavalier from Bensonhurst, Carlos the gay wrecker of hearts. Don Juan in his prime was a novice compared to this little fellow, who carries his conquests far aheld, and who has developed a technique and method of approach that bids fair to be known as the Baron method, though not always barren of results. Carl's favorite pastime is keeping dates. Often in the past when others were feverishly pouring over their books, preparing for examinations, he would be showing some maid the moon-and what a guide! But withal, he has achieved an excellent scholastic record which is mute testimony to his inherent ability. We add our voice to those who know him better and say "Baron is truly a prince." 1 i - E ,- -1 ,Y Y 'L 'i,,,J". " l N . ii il 4 5 i K 1 i i l X L 7 'ff vsp--., 'Nix ,, '1g..,...-- f ' X'X, THEODORE WESTON BAUM 125' Elliott Avenue, Yonkers, New 'York New York University B.S.-1925 P1 GAMMA ALPHA, LITERARY CLUB, VIOLET BOARD MJ, VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE 145. Teddy is another of the brethren from Yonkers, and what he doesn't know about pinochle, Book- rajian can tell you. Baum sprang into the spot' light as a Clinical Clerk on Third Division, and we have it from reliable sources that his laboratory technique is absolutely dependable beyond any peradventure. Ted is going to open up a con- valescent home at City Hospital for all the chronics that the boys send up from Bellevue, and what we mean, he's going to be busy-and how! Here's luck, Ted, and we mean it. I MICHAEL N. BENDER 2305 Grand Avenue, New 'York City New York University BS.-1926 Mike is generally considered to be the laziest man in the class. But, quite to the contrary, he is ex' tremely ambitious. For example, Mike was not satished with the present technique of the Sink Test. After a complete review of the literature, he devised a modification, now known as the "Rapid Method of Bender," by which the sides of the bottle are percussed as the urine flows into the sink. This new technique, in the opinion of Dr. Connery, will yield much valuable information. Mike's stuttering, whether explained on a Freudian basis or not, has often resulted in embarassing situations. We predict that Mike will achieve his aim in life -Assistant Adjunct Superintendant at Bellevue. JOSEPH BECKER 30 Montauk Avenue, New London, Connecticut New York University B-S--1926 SIGMA OMEGA Psi. "Hence, loathed melancholy!"-Joe' Becker is amongst usg a rattling good voice breaking out in a rash! A hearty handshake, a slap on the back, and we are assured of an elephantine nature. I Amongst Ioe's friends are the 1nfam0US d1P10f coccus meningitidis intracellularis W6lChS6lbHUFll and the "stuck up" impetigo eontagiosa. We re Very much perplexed over the question of what 1065 me Work is going to he-will he run the Department of Health or practice Dermatology.. In any event, we are quite certain that a man with a precious little Pearl in his heart is bound to make a whale of a success. ecticut .-1 926 cker is nut in a ck, and s diplo' elbaumi We're If what 'un the gy- In with a O make' ,H 5 fl '4 ., i A ,ff X. HERBERT IRWIN JOEL BERNER 981 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University 1925 ALPHA MU SIGMA, RHO DELTA OMEGA, CI.Ass DANCE COMMITTEE fl, 2, SJ, VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE 143, VIOLET BOARD fl, 35, ASSOCIATE EDITOR OF VIOLET 141. Herb not only has a remarkable name but is a remarkable fellow. His versatility is shown by his keen appreciation of the art of medicine, his activity on all class dance committees, and his faithful work on the Violet. There are rumors that he has worn out more tuxedos than any three other men in the college. Of late he has become so highfhat that he refuses to ride on the subway and wends his way to school from that insular possession of the United States known as Brooklyn in his blue motor car. While on medicine, Herb frequently presented cases in Professor Carlisle's Clinic. His excellent presentation and complete workfups will long be remembered. If this be an indication, we know that success is in store for him. 1 I I I 'If ..i.f . , if' 9 NATHAN BLOCK 140 West 176th Street, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 ALPHA MU SIGMA. We now come to a chip of the old Block-our own Nat. Behold this Beau Brummel. Gaze at that permanent wave, that classic prohle, that sarf torial elegance. Gaze at him, the causative agent of more cases of heart diseases than the rheumatic virus-and wonder no more at the term "Heart Block" in denoting "skipped beats." When you see a Cheve coming down First Ave' nue, many heads poking out, you know that the Bronx Special has arrived. During the football season, the Special certainly did wonders getting us to the games before the kickfoff. Nat has the personality that makes for friends. Ever ready to laugh, good humor constantly radiates from him, enveloping all those about him with good will and dispelling with its warmth the spell of the blues. fx 1.7, K Q i i i 1 Q , X - i i . , NI i l lg , JOSEPH ROOSEVELT BIERMANN 425 No. Fifth Avenue, Allentown, Pennsylvania New York University B,S.-1926 OMEGA UPsu.oN PHI, BETA LAMBDA SIGMA, Joe will argue with anyone, anywhere, and about anything you may care to mention. In addition to this, he is the class humorist de neuveau mode, as Dr. Livingston saidg but Joe retailated with "a little nonsense now and then is relished by the best of men," and so the war was on. Ioe managed to shoot several big round holes in Dr. L's "little book" one day, but the damage fortunately was reparable. Ioe goes back to Pennsylvania feeling like The Thinker. Wlio wouldn't after four years in Bellevue, we ask you? JOSEPH BERGSTEIN 4013 Sixteenth Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1927 Someone, evidently wellfacquanited with human relationships, has remarked, "A friendship that makes no noise is often the most useful." With uncanny ease, it seems, Joe endears himself to every' one by his readiness to be of aid to his fellow men. He is one of those who prefers not to shout from the housetops to demonstrate his forceful personality. And this he has, though reserved and unostentaf tious. His everfpresent pleasing smile, his subtle wit, his understanding and tolerance of human weak' nesses, his alert ,and penetrative mind-all these, we are sure, will carry joe high up in his profession, l l I 116 1 TQTQ .-1925 human rip that i Vfith 0 eveq-f uw men. ut from sonality. 1OSt2l'1t8.' mtle wit, n weak' ll these, Jfession. MEYER BLOOM 410 East Reynolds Street, New Castle, Perma. University of Pittsburgh B.S.-1925 PHI BETA DELTA, VIOLET DANCE 141. This little husky chap with the powerful, clear, deliberate voice hails from smoky Pittsburgh, where tuberculosis specialists have their troubles with an' thracosis. Having reached the fourth year, with all its traditions and fallacies, Mike decided to take a week off to visit his home town on the supposition that "absence maketh the heart grow fonderf' Rumor has it that Mike won enough on board train by his masterly pinochle activities, to make the trip both pleasurable and prohtable. Hospital ap' pointments have been turned down by the score and more, but watch this chap wind up in a blaze of glory, smoke, and soot. -T V-, i 5.. W rx- . lf, I iii 1 . r- :' f 4 : r-1 V X-Xxvq -Q, f gg , ..f JOEL VALFORD BOLDEN 313 East 54th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 lf there is anything characteristic of this chap, it is his consummate appetite and ability to take notes, the volume of which has assumed tremendous proportions. Ambition was never made of sterner stuff. The Stationers regard his entrance into their shops with delight. They rub their hands with great satisfaction and dispense much paper to him at wholesale rates. His appointment to Harlem Hospital was attended by intense interest. If sincerity, conscientious en' deavor and a pleasing personality, are prime requif sites for success, Ioel is well qualified to wend his way up that difficult road. He makes a worthy addition to Harlem's physicians. HARRY BORSUK 158 Highland Boulevard, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University B.S.-1926 A man who pays his pinochle debts-and the epitome of Bellevue praise has been uttered. That is the enviable reputation Harry has attained. While others have played and owed, Harry has played and paid. Give him credit boys, he pays cash! Early this year Harry deserted the ranks of bachelors to taste the joys of connubial bliss. Having imbibed of its nectar he, unqualihedly, recommends it for that lonesome feeling and suggests a row upon Prospect Park Lake as the quickest route. Beth Israel gets this prize. And we can hear the echo of the resounding cheers that are hurled from the lips of their pinochle players, as they hear this fact. ln truth, Harry is xvell on the way to the "pinochle" of success. , l 118 EDVJARD N. BOCKRAJIAN 824 Twentyfseventlz Street, Union City, N. I. New York University B-S--1926 PHI ALPHA SIGMA, ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA, Lirenf ARY CLUB, VIOLET QFRATERNITY BOARD, 143, VIOLET DANCE gg, 43, STEXVART BUST COMMITTEE, Eddie is officially known around school .as the greatest living authority on pinochle. This title has long been contended by F. GCHOVCSC, but S0 far, "Book" is still in the lead-hrst in the. hearts of all pinochle players. Eddie is doing his trick at jersey City Hospital, where he returns as one of those native sons. Be it hereby 'known he ob' tained his appointment by the "open QD method. But we have to hand it to Eddie for making A.O.A., and he's one of the brethren whose right to mem' bership cannot be contended. Hey Eddie, two more -and here's Success! .j. -1926 .1rERf 145, TTEE. s the title ut so aearts trick s one e ob' zthod. O.A., mem' more MARSHALLSTEWART BROWN, ja. 19 Fairview Street, Yonkers, New 'York Brown University A.B.--1925 LITERARY CLUB, VIOLET BOARD 445, DANCE COM' MITTEE fl, 3, 45, CHAIRMAN 131. The innate, clarmoring desire to do new and original work has revealed Marshall to us in an entirely different light. It seems as though potenf tial energy is at last being converted into kinetic energy, and as a fortunate result, Marshall is being pestered by the suffering diabetic public to do cholf esterals upon them in order that posterity may fully reap the advantages of such study. This is but one phase of his work. This well' developed, brawny, personality-reeking chap from the wild and wooly Yonkers is in demand by others. Why, at several of the dances-but no, we promised not to tell! We might paraphase and say, "If the cholesterols clon't get him, someone will." ,4 1 1 i FRANCIS JOSEPH CANDIA 167 Steinway Avenue, Long Island City, New 'York New York University B.S.-1926 LAMBDA P1-ii MU. You are now gazing, Ladies and Gentlemen, upon the pride of the farms of Long Island. An L.O.A. by birth, a farmer by environment, a medical student by misfortune, and an intern by the grace of God and St. johnfsuch is his history, past, present, and future. Frank has a signal claim to fame. He was the first one in the class to pronounce a man dead- this while riding "bus," And strange to relate, the man did not get up and walk away, which shows what a keen diagnostician he is. For this,,the papers mentioned his name. With such publicity and such a start on the trail of correct diagnoses, success is assured. I , I I Cg'Q"A--Y if 2 lf Q4 W .f.-, fr f,ff'f' lA,f I 3--f'fi'A'f11,7'Jf- A -A , . 2 1 1 , X , ,, il , . ii 1 1' iv N, H il , . I sr, y . xx 4 , I ill! ISABELLA CHASKELEVA 805 Fairmont Place, New 'York City University of Vienna 1925 "Hail to thee, blithe spirit, Bird thou never wert." From the land that gave birth to Tolstoi, Tschai- kowsky, and Vodka, came this little songbird to charm us with her dulcet voice. We had to wait until the third year to discover a nightingale in our midst, but after hearing her, we realized it had been wellfworth waiting for, Our professors are all grateful to Betty. When' ever a lecture becomes dull, and eyelids begin to droop, they have but to call for a Miss Czechof Slovakia-and presto! a saved situation. Pediatrics will probably claim her for its own. We are certain that when all remedies have failed, a lullaby from her lips will do much to soothe and bring healing repose to an ailing infant. WILLIAM CLEATUS CARI-IART 129 Grayson Avenue, Creston, Trenton, N. I. Lafayette College 1922 NU SIGMA NU, KAPPA SIGMA. Sotto Voce: Git away from them thar Swingin' doors, boy. Childish Treble: Is my father in there? Sure, you've guessed it!-none other than our Willie. Bill is the one and only big R.R, man. from Pennsylvania who cut his eyefteeth on a bigfhog shaker bar. Bill's stock of questions would do credit to an "Ask Me Another" Editor, and his excuses for this and that would stump Clarence Darrow. U I , However, Bill has, indeed, had a difficult timer, with illness, the baby, and the missus. Certainly, he deserves lots of credit for his perseverance. l. I. 1922 zingin' n our 1 from igehog ld do id his arence time, tainly, CC. 3 v K CHARLES H. CODELLE 36 Norfolk Street, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 "He's a good man, doesn't hold out on yuh, and gives yuh de stuff." Thus does Charley express his approval of certain of his teachers. Charley went through a remarkable metamorphosis during the past summer, which resulted in his being offered an internship at the Presbyterian Hospital. But far be it from Charley to forget old friends, and he applied to more plebian institutions. As a result, Charley made more alternateships than any other man in the class. Charley is one of the most ambitious and conscien- tious men in the Senior Class. His sincerity and industry will carry him far along the road to sucf cess, for we know that "he's a good man, doesn't hold out on yuh, and gives you de stuff." 'jQff1 .QU rf,3M , fri- if t ' .Tflflx 4 ' Tyfff ,,.---5 Y, ,,.-.s.,,fj7i,' -N 1- W .5--fd, 'K-grin! - :lily -, .M -. - ,fr Ya ' :I -1: xesfmr-f'g l . 1 l V ll , fi il pq I 4 i I -: E f 'J il l ' , 1 . -'NX " 4,-WN. , , . N l , it i, if i i , i W , '- i ' 1 3 , l 1 X W ' I j Vfxl . i .5 L2 5 .r ie i ii li tg r - 1 l i V4 ,gi I sl , ' i V ., ,V J yi .5 in .Q -. W ggfjfi'-'Q f 1 It . X NZ rf, wmfe Vila' 2 -Wwff-5 'V gl: '. Y 1, 4, ,' Q 1-7.5 X ,'-Q 1 'i I wx ,X yy' -ff . ,. mf X ' ' NTU., j, f s .si -..ff ,M X, ,T f. .Q 5 lf ,-ffxx-Wav, EMIL GILBERT CONASON 68 Oak Lane, Trenton, New jersey C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1924 Emil, our silveryftongued orator and master of eloquence, emulator of Demosthenes ftho not ref quiring the proverbial pebblej, and probable ad' mirer of William Jennings Bryan, has, like the latter, talked himself out of many tight situations. His remarkable diagnoses, regarded with awe and sceptical admiration, have caused many an instructor a sleepless night. His occasional sauntering into class fconsult the officej is made memorable by his discussions of probabilities and possibilities. Lest we forget, Emil's constant association with Miss Mendell and Eisen is the only instance on record where three do not make a crowd, and this despite the opinion of Elinor Glyn. l 1 LILLIAN DEMUTH ' Princeton, British Columbia McGill University AB, ZETA PI-II, DANCE COMMITTEE U, 21. Originally some one in the freshman year called her "Big Bertha"-and big she is not only in stature but in spirit. The kind of personality that brings her name to Dr. Stewart's lips among a hundred others. Poise and a disarming smile ac' complish wonders. We have to laugh when we think how Charlie Codelle once stood in awe of "dat DeMoot woman." But really there's nothing to be afraid of-she just happens to come from the great big open spaces of Western Canada and we ' f there! dont expect anything puny rom JOSEPH DALVEN 43fO9 47th Street, Long Island, New 'York New York University ' BIS.-1925 ALPHAIMU SIGMA, DANCE COMMITTEE Cl, 2, 3, 45, , VICE'PRES1DENT 13, 45. "For four long years we've poked at bursae, h ncocted builf saved nerves, widows, and orp ans, co lion broths, and strangulated dogs. For four long ,years we've excavated ceruminous canals, educated a ' f ' t ll' ent fingers, and tomahawked patellar pair o in e ig ligaments. For four long years we ve marched to ' ' ' A d d in and fro with bones, urine, and books. n ur g the chaos of impending exams, many o nickel we've 'lost at the subway turnstile in making our hasty egress! It's the old army game, or the March of the Medical Bandfwagonf' Thus sayeth this phil' osopherfphysician. We don't mind tellin' you, Ioe, that you've helped to put a bit of color to this 'hold army game", and we expect to hear a "bang" from some part of the world some day, and when we investigate, we expect to find you in the center of the crowd, with head uplifted, puffin' away on a cigar. l 2 I' . l l orlr -1925 , 3,-15, bursae, d builf r long :ated a matellar hed to during we've hasty rch of s phil- helped "g and of the expect I head JOSEPH PAUL DALY 3032 43rd Street, Long island City, New 'York PHI ALPHA SIGMA, LITERARY CLUB Quiet, retiring, it has taken us fully four years to know this fellow and to realize that he was a member of the class and not a visitor. On knowing him better, we regret that we were unable to break through that shell of reserve long before this and penetrate to those hidden depths, we now know so well. Funny stories without end and witty remarks in profusion punctuate his bridge games and conversaf tions and make them an enjoyable affair. Joe has a remarkable capacity for remembering stories, but nothing compared to his capacity for carrying the well known "Spiritus frumentif' They say he was brought up on a bottle of Scotch, but be it as it may, his ability is much envied by certain members of the class. With such a knack of keeping "Spirits" down, it is indeed surprising that Joe has so little difficulty in keeping the spirits of others up. I l 'v D I l l I l i I I , I I F l I I . ' I I I l s l I 4 E i l OSCAR DREXLER 1674 Macombs Road, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 PHI DELTA EPSILON, CLASS PRESIDENT QU, CLASS DANCE COMMITTEE fl, 2, SJ, STEWART BUST COMMITTEE 135, LITERARY CLUB, VIOLET BOARD fl, 21, ASSISTANT EDITOR QU, EDIToRfIN-CHIEF OF 1929 VIOLET. With the responsibility of producing the 1929 Bellevue Violet Oscar took over a Herculean task. The four preceeding Violets were so good that any attempt to produce a better book called for genius mixed with hard work. But Our editor was not to be Stopped. His happy disposition coupled with a rare enthusiasm overcame many obstacles, With a steady hand and a cheerful smile he held the staff to its work, smoothing over the rough Spots as he did when president of our class during its stormy freshman year. Only those who have had the pleasure of work' ing with him can appreciate the unstinted efforts he gave to this book. In that quiet, unassuming pose which fits him so well, he really accomplished something worth while. Throughout, he aimed to achieve the Hnest Violet that Bellevue could pro- duce. That result is in your hands. C fu 4- i HWVMW fr- ..f,.......,,.,.-.V ' - - ' rr . .k or ,fry .4 4: ,K -,., . jf M, ,gg ,AX Y , JOHN E. EDELSTEIN 2840 Bailey Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. B.S.--l925 P1-11 LAMBDA KAPPA We never could understand why john was so quiet and retired, we found at the end of the first year that we hardly knew him. But as the years have progressed we have come to know him better. Genial, reserved, dignified, he is always ready to go out of his way to help a friend. Mentally alert, with a penetrative mind, he always has a correct, logical answer to the Prof's questions. So that now, on graduation, we feel we have known him all our lives. With prospects bright upon the world he came Pure love of virtue, strong desire of fame, Men watched the way his lofty mind would take And all foretold the progress he would make. ABRAHAM EDELSTEIN 236 East 13th Street, New 'Yofk City New York University BS.-1926 h h ne John or Abe7" This is the diff 'W ic o - - fieult problem which confronts every instructor when he calls the name of Edelstein. Shall it be High jinks or Low links, Mutt or jeff? Only Dr. Stewart knows the answer because he calls for "a Edelf ' " ll feels conscious striken and stein, when Abe usua y rises. 1 , I Not much is known about this quiet, unassuming th who hails from Greenwich Village or its You . . . environs. He goes about his work in a very noise' less manner and does it well, without anyone know' ing much about what's happening. In addition, ' k his Abe has always found plenty of time to eep girl friends interested in life. V ' 1-,Iii :V in a N , it , ""' 'px .1 . 'Aff ' " f"?L'J2' -4 f -. f 124 Y -1926 he diff ir when e High Stewart a Edelf :en and ssuming or its y noise' e know' ddition, :eep his 7.-ff .:,s,,',srae,M. v I S 1 I ' is 1,7 1. ff ,X E+! K fl ki MILTON JOSEPH EISEN 50 Berkely Avenue, Yonkers, New 'York New York University BS.-1926 PHI LAMBDA KAPPA. He still does not know whether he had rather be a good physician Or the conductor of the Philharf monic Orchestra. Sometimes we think that unruly mop of hair bespeaks the latter role but, on the whole, we believe he has chosen rightly and he will probably start in as a consultant as soon as he opens his office. He has only two vices-the love of music and the itch for books. As for the latter we sometimes wonder at Mr. Kerner's trustful soul but so far his coniednce has not been misplaced. D A if A f-.-wi' I ' 1 , A .,.,. 1,f,If ...,. 'Qff .., . f ' 'ii .1 W ,Y 1 i I ii 13 I .1 I I I .l il .1 I5 fl .i ' 1 -J is fi -'E 13 ., , ' f I I Q3 I A V3 fl I .I 3 1 L .4 1 1 'x , , 5 I I I I I 1 .. ! K 74 ',x,,,.:' ...- LEXVIS FRANCIS ELLMORE, JR. 9321 86111 Avenue, Woodhaven, Long Island Lafayette College B.S.-1926 NU SIGMA Nu, KAPPA SIGMA, LITERARY CLUB, VIOLET HUMOR BOARD 141, KEY COMMITTEE 141, CLASS DANCE COMMITTEE 131, VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE 131. Everyone knows Lew was born with a scalpel and forceps in his hands, but these toys were early stowed away for fear he would cut himself. Now we find L. F. at Bellevue in the process of learning how to use these tools without casualty, prompted by a consuming desire to follow in the footsteps of Cushing, Deaver, Kanavel, the Mayos, et al. Yes, truly, Lew is THE Surgeon of our class, and in spite of contradictory rumors, it really was the anaesf thetist's fault that Lew's dog died in Experimental Surgery. We hear Lew threw a dinner for the Surgical Staff of B. H., and it was reported the piece de resistance of the rcpast was soup. All joking aside, though, we are all handing it to Lew, and here's a toast to his success as a Surgeon. Drink 'er down. LOUIS RICHARD FERRARO 851 East 218th Street, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 LAMBDA PHI Mu, BETA LAMBDA SIGMA. H "Who is this youth, with eyes so fair And so bewitchingf' the girls declare. "His wavy hair and olive skin To Valentino's are close akin." Science has captured Lou for keeps, however, and he is now busily engaged in studying the effects of digitalis on broken hearts. He has also prevented the spread of Malta Fever by buying Candia's goat. Lou firmly believes that everyone should think much, say little, and write less. The latter applies especif ally to lovers. Says this Don juan, 'LDO right and fear no man. Don't write and fear no woman." To this we add, 'fEmulate Lou and fear no failure." ISIDORE L. EPSTEIN 3561 Rochambeau Avenue, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 PHI LAMBDA KAPPA, BETA LAMBDA SIGMA, VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE fl, 2, 35, CLASS DANCE COM' MITTEE Cl, 2, 37. When Dr. Mandel failed to attend a class, he substitute as our little 'reckoned on so able a I "Eppie" Cn that occasion, UEPPIEN arose and expatiated upon the pitfalls of a red blood corpusle covered with misplaced platelets, and pointing to the chart suspended upon the wall, in that curious nasal twang and high pitched voice fwhose memory, so endeared, will long linger with usj exclaimed, "That's a poikilocyte showing polychromatophilia and granular degeneration." In addition to this splendid ability, "Eppie" posf me skill with the "knife" and a knowledge sesses so h I of Anatomy.well suited to one who desires to emulate Pare, Bryant, and Murphy. BUT Surgeons must be very careful When they take the knife. Underneath their free incisions Stirs the culprit, Life. 126 I l 1 BENIAMIN L. FEUERSTEIN 1113 Grant Avenue, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 PHI LAMBDA KAPPA, ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA, Viouzr BOARD MJ. "Bed pan-Water-Bed pan!" Such are the words of greeting Ben has been hearing for the past few weeks around the school. But over on KZ, he is in all his glory in the role of THE BIG GYN MAN. One Friday morning Ben dropped into the Surgery Clinic. The case under discussion was baffling and no one could offer a diagnosis. In desperation, Dr. Wright turned to Ben for advice. Without a moment's hesitation, our hero suggested that a gynecological examination should be done, and this was exactly what was needed. Aside from all the kidding, Ben is one of the ablest men in the class and will bring honor to the name of Bellevue. Although he has done many D. E? C.'s, he never gets C's and D's. X V NATHAN FRANCIS 471 Soutlfz Goodman Street, Rochester, New 'York University of Rochester A.B.-1924 KAPPA Nu. We must confess that our psychiatric and general medical training are not sufficient to explain this anomaly of change in personality. After three years of easy swimming, carried along by the tide, as it were, one suddenly finds Francis every night at the Academy of Medicine thereby astounding his inner circle of friends. Says Ac, "We must look care' fully into this matter. While the prognosis is guarded, this sudden change of personality surely merits a consultation." Physical examination ref vealed a normal young man, neither acutely or chronically ill, suffering from an intense desire to absorb medicine. Further than this we cannot say. We must appeal to the class for the solution of this problem, particularly to the psychologists and the psycho-analysts, and we recommend a perusal of the literature for accounts of similar cases of such unique character. HYMAN A. FRIEMAN 38 East 39th Street, Bayonne, New Jersey New York University BS.-1926 ALPHA QMEGA ALPHA - ln this parade of life, some herald their approach with a fanfare of trumpets, others are content to march along quietly, unostentatiously, yet withal possessing a record of achievement. Such a man is our Hy, and it took us four years to realize that fact, and learn his true worth. Hy hails from Bayonne and what's more he ad' mits it. Says Schwartzwald of this modest individual, "Quiet'? Don't make me laugh. The beach is combed daily for the bodies of the fair damsels who have cast themselves into the ocean because of him." And thus another illusion hit the dust. We admire you Hy both for your ability and your modesty, and we look to you for big things. Go to ir! LOUIS FRATELLO 9720 77th Street, Ozone Park, Long Island C. C. N. Y. B-S--1925 LAMBDA PHI MU, ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA This quiet, levelfheaded gentleman, who accepts present evils with a philosophical shrug of the shoulder, who thinks Mussolini is the panacea of all ills Qpage Marralj is quite versatile. Gentleman, scholar, and lover, can one expect more? The latter accomplishment is a late development. Boys will be boys. His present indoor sport, like any. beau Chevalier, consists in paying attention to a fair one many miles away from his home, requiring a trip from the Ozone of Long Island to the moonflit Bronx. Give him credit, boys, it requires courage. His quiet, even voice has been developed to its potentialities in those moonflight ramblings where one warbles so sweetly, where a whispered word speaks volumes. Likewise in classrooms this little whispering voice tells us volumes of information though less melodiously. 128 fsland S.-1925 .PHA o accepts g of the .nacea of ntleman, he latter oys will any beau fair one ug a trip moonelit courage. ed to its gs where red word this little formation A. FLOYD GARDNER 144 East 3-ith Street, New 'York City University of Utah B.S.-1927 PHI CHI, PHI EPSILON. Gardner comes to us from Utah. Wliile in the U. S. Navy, he whiled away not a little time in the South Pacific chasing the late Kaiser's Emden. Floyd is one man in the class who knows why he came to medical school, viz.-to learn medicineg and although he has taken a lot of "riding" for trying to get everything he can out of it, we nevertheless prophesy that he will be one of whom Bellevue can well be proud in the years to come. Gardner signed with the Navy again, but this time as a medico, so as he heaves anchor for the open sea, we wish him Bon Voyage and good luck. FRANK THOMAS GENOVESE 1060 White Plains Road, New 'York City New York University A.B.-1925 THETA KAPPA Psr. For the past four years, Frank has always pain' fully managed to "blow in" about a week or so after the commencement of classes. One would de' duce for induce?J from this that his appointments are not so meticulously kept, but retrospectively, we cannot remember a pinochle game which was not inaugurated at the precise time by Frank. As a barber, he has been through more close shaves than anyone in the class, and his activities therein are a credit to our profession for his keen blade has rarely ever penetrated the stratum corneum. Oc' casionally Frank gives the impression that he is halffasleep, but, beneath the mask of Nlorpheus, lies an exceedingly active brain with the ability to absorb large chunks of medical matter. From a social and medical viewpoint, Frank will surely know his stuff. THOMAS MARTIN GOODWIN Raleigh, North Carolina University of North Carolina B.S.-1925 THETA KAPPA Psi. T. Martin is a portly gentleman of the old Southern Aristocracy, one of a brace of Southerners who came to Bellevue after learning all that the University of North Carolina had to offer. Tom came out of several skirmishes with the Yankees unscathed, and now after two years, he has be' come one of the permanent fixtures at Bellevue. lt was he who sent the following notice to be posted on the Nui-se's Bulletin Board at Newburgh: "Girls, you all drew the lucky numbah. Ah'm comin' to repo't luly lst." Tom is the "mostest" in love man in the class, so he says. Seriously, we are looking for T. lvlartin to turn up in the North Carolina State Psycho Hospital-not as a patient, but as director. Even now, Tom has devoured all the literature on psychiatry we have on hand, and it is said his choice of a specialty was decided after finishing "Psychopathia Sexualisu and a course under Havelock Ellis, whose work he has elected to carry on. JESSE HAROLD GOODMAN 817 Faile Street, New 'York City B.S.-1925 C. C. N, Y. In the dim days of the past century, there roamed over the plains of the Middle West a bad man. H held up stage coaches and railroad trains and, e h ' t f a gun, kissed the ladies fproviding 31621 ewgsdnprcettyj and borrowed the pockeg bdoolgs of the men. But this was not our Iesse n ee , he was much unlike our gentle jesse, who has no bad habits at all jssels most outstanding quality is his Perha s e , sense ofph,umor, which is so keen that he, at time? laughs at his own jokes where others are too um to see the point. Aside from tlfllsi Jesse 15 3 WU' scientious student with a brain inside his cranium, and we expect to hear great things from him at Lebanon. I 130 S.-1925 e roamed mad man. iins and, oroviding ,et books Indeed, J has no ty is his at times, oo dumb is a con- cranium, i him at Y, JAMES GORDON 1478 Walton Avenue, New 'York City New York University B,S.-1925 Q TAU EPSILON P1-ii. The physiognomy upon which you are now gazing is not that of a stranger, Ladies and Gentlemen. It is merely a rare and unfamiliar portrait of Jimmy taken one day while he was awake. Locked in the arms of Morpheus, the past year has been but a dream to James. Early in the year he stopped drinking coffee at breakfast, because he found it kept him awake during the day, and after that even Dr. Wallace would have had to admit that our Jimmy knew his "dozes." Beneath that unworried, carefree, and phlegmatic exterior. however, is an alert mind, a vibrant per' sonality, and a world of ability. His very tranf quility should serve him well in those emergencies which everyone must face, and where a calm and thorough survey of the situation is called for. N . JAMES GOTTESMAN 315 East 17th Street, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 Jim early came into prominence at the time of the Hall Murderlcase because of his striking re' semblance to Willie Stevens. His recitations in class have always been attended by much mystery and secrecy. It remained for Prof. Blatteis to clear away the atmosphere. Jim had been called on and was saying something that was inaudible to most of us, when a voice from the rear cried, "Louder!" To this the Professor replied, "You haven't missed anything." But Jim's most recent claim to fame rests on that famous diagnosis of Neurasthenia. Though his path has been beset with many obstacles, we know that Jim's ambition and ability will carry him to his goal. BERNARD CHARLES HECHT 550 Sheffield Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University B.S.-l926 ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA. Introducing the first half of the hrm of Hecht and Smoleroff, Inc., connoisseurs of the art of searching out such delicate problems as hectone bases and ecstatic boarding houses. Bernie was elected President of the Foreign Legion on 'the basis of the size of his nose. He is the proverbial ininister's bad boy-he smokes, plays cards, chews, and even tried to lick Hodas, once-a regular devil. Since his advent into A. O. A., he has been at' tending classes-through the mails. "Conscience doth make cowards of us all" and Bernie is no exception. Ten years hence, B. Carlton Hecht will be Superintendent of White Plains Hospital, and will with sincerity say, "My boy, it's not influence that counts here, itis knowledge." Sic transit gloria nunctua. 32 SAMUEL FREDERICH GROOPMAN 443 St. Ann's Avenue, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 PHI DELTA EPSILON. Sam is generally considered to be the most handsome man in the class. Despite this handicap, ' ver conscientious student However, he he is a y D -- does not spend all his time with his books, but has been doing research work in the diabetic .and cardiac clinics. Blood cholesterol 15 Sams special problem. Because of his great interest in this work and be' cause of his willingness to devote so much of his time to it, we predict that Sam will present inf numerable papers at various medical meetings and will, probably, end up as a pioneer in medicine at the Rockerfeller Institute. .N ity L.-1926 me most andicap, ever, he but has l cardiac problem. and be' 1 of his sent inf ngs and licine at IOSEPH M, HILLEL 534 Tlfzirtieth Street, Woodclijjr, N. Cornell University AB,-1925 TAU EPSILON PHI, VIOLET BOARD fl, 2, SJ, BUSI' NESS MANAGER 441, DANCE COMMITTEE 135, BANQUET COMMITTEE QSJ. Enter the HighfPressure Business Manager! But, to understand Ioe properly, we must go back to the shores of Lake Cayuga, where we can watch our hero's development step by step. Against that early background, we begin to understand this fastidious dresser with his innumerable ties and his carefully chosen flowers always in good taste. Naturally, a man so well-schooled in social intercourse has acquired a certain ease and nonchalance in the presence of the fair sex, and these have been en' hanced by a very becoming loquaciousness, to which nurses are especially susceptible. In addition, Joe is a great sportsman and football authority despite the fact that he picked no winners last season. I 'nw JJ T E Q I 1 3 if i M T ,- T F i V 5 , , , l - ' i 5 Y l 1 1 ' s I , l F 1 , T ' I . ,I ll - 1 HARRY HERSCHER 21 W. Mosholu Parkway, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1925 Enter The Man of Mystery! Harry is supreme in that role. The composition of hash is a mere child's problem compared to fathoming this unique personality. Not much is known about him save that he is as proud as a peacock, supreme as a lover, a successful student, bridge player, and golfer foh, rare combinationj. It is rumored that he is also a music lover and we know that he has a voice as anyone within two feet of him will attest, We regret that in our four years we have been unable to solve this Sphinx, for we are certain that there is much to this fellow that has been missed. JOSEPH HENRY HODAS Central Park, Long Island ' B.S.-1926 PHI DELTA EPSILON, PHI Mu THETA, BETA A IsTAN LAMBDA SIGMA, VIOLET BOARD CZ, 35, ss T EDITOR 143, LITERARY CLUB. New York University D ' his stay at Bellevue, Joe has maintained uring an apartment near the school, which serves as a iirstfaid station for his friends. Q Une outstanding characteristic is our hero s appef tite. It is truly international, One night it is a Chinese meal, the next Italian, a third Russian, and Sunday evenings are spent regularly in Maxl's Beer- "b l. Stu er h changed lately. He has become But joe as dignified, quiet, and he has developed a taste for music, especially piano solos. We rather suspect that Romance has come into his life. He remains a prince of good fellows, and we hope that he will enjoy being interned at City Hospital. l i BENJAMIN HORN 891 Tiffany Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 PHI DELTA EPSILON, PHI BETA KAPPA, VIOLET PHOTOGRAPHY EDITOR My With malice toward no one, with charity for all-that's Ben. Never have we heard him utter a disparaging word about anybody, and, conversely, never have We heard anybody utter a disparaging remark about him. He passes quietly from class to class, from year to year, toiling, sorrowing, ref joicing, and not letting a mere renal calculus disturb the even tenor Of his ways. But not even Ben is perfect. Alas, he is Hckle. He never can decide which of his numerous lady friends he would like to take to a dance, and at this writing, he cannot decide which of his several hospital appointments he ought to accept. But Ben has been getting restive of late, for with the approach of june, he knows that beyond the portals of Bellevue, Life awaits, and to meet Life and to triumph over it is Ben's ambition. 'u J 4 -1926 BETA TANT ained as a appef is a , and Beer' come e for spect nains it he XVILLIAM SAUL HOFFS New London, Connecticut New York University B.S.-1926 Pin LAMBDA KAPPA, KAPPA ALPHA, Nu SIGMA. Behold the proud and sophisticated Yankee from Connecticut, hailing from the old whaling town, New London. Familiarly known as "Chief of Clinic," he has, during the past two years, been closely associated with the medical department where 'tis said, he examined hundreds of patients, made many diagnoses, and prescribed everything in the medical formulary. Professor Hoffs is very dignified, sedate, selffpossessed, fastidious about his sartorial attire, and a great admirer of feminine charm and pulchritude. Can we ever forget that meticulously twirled moustache? And what about those spats, the wellfmerited envy of the class? Being a gentleman fsee Dr. Holdenj, Saul is fully qualihed to become an eminent gynecologist and obstetricfan. SIDNEY F. HOUSMAN 1625 Park Place, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 Sid firmly believes that it is better to be late than never, which fact, perhaps, accounts for his lack of punctuality and frequent visits to the Dean's office on matters of peculiar moment. Dr. Blatteis on more than one occasion has suspended active quizzing to await our unperturbed Sid. Contrary to this general impression he attends his bridge games with a punctuality that is absolutely startling. Sid is the only bridge hound in existence who makes an initial bid on his partner's hand, and the uncertainty of his Hoyle provides much inter' est and speculation, unsatisfactory as the results occasionally turn out. As cxtraordinarypas his bridgefplaying are the unusual results which Sid attains at hospital exams. lt is said thats even A. A. Berg was astounded and delighted. Sinai, here we come!" NICHOLAS INGOGLIA 341 Wilson Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 LAMBDA PHI MU Nick is the proud possessor of a name which has caused an increase in the number of dislocations of the jaw. Many a poor professor has blushed in attempting to hurdle over that troublesome name. Even Dr. Globus became embarrassed and was forced to call him Neuroglia. The past year has been a difficult one for Nick. What with his bridge games, theatre parties, and his social engagements he feels badly in need of a rest. Hence his approval of Ac's suggestion that all seniors be sent to Carlsbad for a period of two months. Behind that carefree exterior, lurks an active mind -witness his appointment to Greenpoint, the only Bellevue man to achieve it. The glory that is Bellevue's will certainly be maintained there by him. q J BENJAMIN I. HYMAN 46 East 80th Street, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 PHI DELTA EPSILON, PI GAMMA ALPHA, VIoI.ET BOARD 143, DANCE COMMITTEE Q2, BJ, VICE'PRESI' DENT Q23 Ben first appeared in the limelight when as Vice' President of the Sophomore Class, he induced Prof fessor Walker to call for our notebooks just be f n im ortant group of examinations. He has, ore a p probably, been the cause of more cases of heart ' ' ld failure than rheumatic fever, for who wou not become terrified during the excitement oi exam' ination week by being asked such questions as "The Criteria for the Diagnosis of Paracentesisf' "The ' ' " " h P hl Etiology of Icthyotic Fever, or T e at oogy of Gastrocystosisu? But Ben's kidding, like his cigarettes fPall Mallj, is always mild and sweet. -1926 IOLET '?REsif Vice' Pro- -t be- : has, heart not exam' "The "The ology e his :et. FRANK IZS,-KK 124 XVest 98th Street, New 'York City New York University BS,-1926 Much like the silent areas of the brain. Frank is very active but is rarely heard from. For ex' ample, he launched his ship on the Sea of Matrif mony over two years ago and none but his intif mate friends knew anything about it. As a mat' ter of fact, there are many dreamyfeyecl darnsels floating about trying to attrack the attention of this handsome, red-haired Hungarian hombre, but in vain. For Frank is a faithful and, according to Beatrice Fairfax's ideals, a perfect husband. He smokes in moderation, never swears, doesn't cheat at cards, and almost never gets drunk. In addif tion, he is a conscientious and excellent student. Good luck to you, Frank, you deserve it! i . i BENJAMIN JAFFE 135 Quincy Street, Passaic, New jersey Rutgers University B.S.-1925 SIGMA ALPHA Mu, Pin BETA KAPPA Ben was one of the three highest men in his class when he bid farewell to Rutgers, which, as you all know, is situated on the banks of the Raritan. Ben, though quiet, has shown himself to be a man of ability, a conscientious student, and an inf fluential Democrat. The lattcr is borne out by the fact that he made an internship at lersey City, where the "open method" is now obsolete. And it is just because he has thrown all his energy into his scholastic and political activities that the woman must pay. But we hope that from now on Ben will have more time to devote to the fair sex out in Jersey City. HERMAN BENJAMIN KAPLAN 361 Brown Street, Union City, New jersey Cornell University AB.-1925 SIGMA OMEGA Psi "Say, whaduyuh say-tell me-gee, it's tough- see yuh again-take it easy!" "Hey, Kap, where yuh goin'?" 'Tm in a hurry-the car's outside-see yuh again-take it easy!" Here he is-no he's not! For four years we have tried to pin this elusive fellow down, and once we thought we had suceeded but sure enough, the car was outside and once more came the "see yuh again-take it easy!" And how can we ever forget that week before the Third Year exams,-those days of mussed up hair and sweating palms. At 3 A. M. Kappy be' gan to get nervous. He paced the floor, sat down, rubbed his knees, and said, "Gee, it's tough!" We can't help admiring this man with his unique phil' osophy,-"Take it easy." ROBERT DAYTON KANE, IR. 241 Camlee Avenue, Sayville, Long Island B.S.-1926 New York University NU SIGMA NU h L dies and Gentlemen is the answer to T is a , the G.,U. Profession. Bob gained a certain amount of notoriety during the freshman year by appearing biweekly in a clean lab coat. Despite this and his avowed intention of becoming a G. U. man, he has made his place in the class and we shall miss his pet theories. Bob's interest in G. U. has ever been active. Among his recent contributions to the literature are The Bougie Man Will Get 'You If 'You Don't Watch Out. 1:8 1926 r to ount iring and man, shall :tive. : are 'atch HARRY KEIL 989 Fox Street, New 'York City Columbia University AB.-1925 Pi-li BETA KAPPA, VIOLET BGARD 125, VIOLET GRINDS BOARD Q45 And now we come to Harry. One has but to mention his name and Professors grow pale, beads of cold perspiration stand out in bold relief upon their learned foreheads, some assume the Hippo' cratic facies,--all show the fear of impending ques- tions. For Harry is famous for his queries and though he is rarely greeted with "Ask me another," he persists until he has secured the information he desires. The amount of information stored in the cranium of this dynamic little fellow has assumed vast prof portions and commands the envy and respect of all. No discussion on any medical problem is com' plete until Harry has been consulted and then only does one consider that the last word has been uttered. He is making the trek to Mount Sinai, and we do not hesitate to predict, that there too, the eminent physicians will soon be seeking his opinion on matters medical. l V, , ,W f HENRY LAVEN 1605 Nelson Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N, Y. B.S.-1925 SIGMA OMEGA Psi, VIOLET STAFF QU, DANCE COMMITTEE Q43 This is Henry the Voluble, who should have been a lawyer delivering speeches but instead has been decreed to deliver breeches. If you don't be' lieve the Hrst ask him about the wonders of the liver treatment of eclampsia. You'll agree soon enough! Henry believes professors are a necessity in so far as they keep everyone else quiet so that he can sleepg therefore the somnolence in a certain part of the lecture hall, more especially on Tues' days, when the rest of us are involved in dengue or beri beri. His extremely sympathetic nature ought to make him very popular with his patients of the fair sex, more especially with the blondes, for Henry is awfully partial, being an exception to the rule that opposites attract. f' FRANK LEVINE 19 East 118th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1923 New York University M.S.-1926 Very few among us realize the dormant energy resident in this modest, earnest chap, who says little and observes much. Amongst his inner circle, however, his timidness and diifidence immediately disappearsg observe how lively he becomes, observe how the wit exudes, how he laughs with all the freedom and reelclessness and abandon of the schoolboy. Have you perchance noticed those clasf sic features, that wellfchiseled nose, that wide brow so like imperial Caesar with but a few persistent hairs scattered, refusing to leave their follicular habitat? This is an analysis of one little known to most ol us, a Caesarian section of him, so to speak, liranles philosophy may be briefly summed up in the immortal words of lvlilton, "They also serve who only stand and wait." ELIAS DAVID LAWRENCE 375' Totowa Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey Cornell University A.B.-1925 PHI LAMBDA KAPPA jersey sent Larry to Cornell, a Sir Launfal knowledge. Cornell sent him to us, and now we return him to jersey, a dignified physician, though still in quest of further knowledge. The Simple things of life he leaves to us -ordinary phyf sicians-and the hours we spend pouring over books Qnds Larry engrossed in what he feelshis more important work-that of lending a helping hand to others: "He doeth little kindnesses t Which most leave undone or despise For naught that sets one heart at ease And giveth happiness or peace 15 1OW,e5teerned in his eyes. New seeking A. W' Y :hx 71, J, xxx ,. - 3 1 f K f- - W, ..,-,... .,.,.,,i. S 1 l 140 rsey .-1925 Launfal us, and Tysician, e. The Irv Phyf er books is more Ig hand S6 V I U3 ' -4N - 'F Q 3 Q, I rx, ,WMM Y ,n,,,.J Calif? 7' l ll'.,ff"7'3 ' K. T LAWRENCE H. LIEF 657 West 161st Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 PHI DELTA EPSILON, PHI BETA KAPPA -If you want a thing done well, let Larry do it. He came to us four years ago with his coat but' toned, but we soon suspected that a Phi Bete key lurked beneath. So we peeped and there it was. Quietly, modestly, and thoroughly, Larry has worked during his stay at Bellevue, making friends with some but friendly to all. At his command is a wealth of information, medical and otherwise, which is always at the disposal of his fellows for the mere asking. He is truly a gentleman and a scholar, and if the gods are just, his office will some day be a Mecca for the sick. They will come by the hundreds. in . F A. i I i l f I I , , I , I 1 1 I I 1 I 4 I , I I , l , I X I l . 1 i ' . , ,- - I -- .Af I I I A 'I I l , l, , I3 I : I .I . -4 A , if I li I I. 4: . ii i I is HENRY EASTON MCMAHON 435 Grand Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York PRINCETON UNIVERSITY B.S.-1925 NU SIGMA NU, MEDICAL STUDENTlS CABINET CHAIRMAN 11, 2, 3, 41, V1CE'PRESIDENT 111, VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE, CLASS DANCE COM' MITTEE CZ, 33 Henry Easton McMahon, better known to his classmates as "Hank," has travelled from Brooklyn to Twentyfsixth Street almost daily for four years in quest of knowledge. He began his career at Bellevue by demonstrating his ability as a politician par excellence. "Mac" has since proved concluf sively that one can successfully combine success with pleasure. The quotation, "Why study for quizzes when I dress so well!" has been attributed to him. It is, in fact, reported that during'thC freshman year "Mac" once appeared in striped trousers and a cutaway coat. .Wellfliked by h1S friends, "Mac" is certain to attain great prominence in his profession. X , , X CARMINE MELORE 13 Mangin Street, New 'York City New York University B.S.-l926 LAMBDA PI-II MU, BETA LAMBDA SIGMA Carmine is a close relative of Morpheus. His enchanting language casts a spell over many of us. Why not call him Magendie? Doesn't he some' times put us to sleep with his long expostulations? However, Carmine deserves the respect of all his confreres for many reasons. Ever ready to lend a helping hand, he never refuses a favor, and no matter what happens, Mel is sure to smile. He has decided to help the poor of the east side by offering in the near future his services to the com' munity in which he was born. ALFRED FRANCIS MARRA 2500 Bathgate Avenue, New 'York City New York University B,S.-1926 LAMBDA PHI MU, BETA LAMBDA SIGMA, DANCE COMMITTEE fl, 2, 3, 45 Patrick Henry once said, "Give me liberty or give me death." Nathan Hale gave to posterity, "I am sorry I have but one life to lay down for my country." And Al Marra contributed this im' mortal gem, "Butterflies don't get carbunclesf' Even Dr. Kutisker had to admit the irrevocable truth of this, and pay due homage to a keen observer. The course in Physical Diagnosis had been an un' qualihed success. Al is a conscientious chap and likeable. When not attending to work, he is entertaining the pedf iatrics department and keeping it happy and satis' fied. In the future, we shall look for more words of wisdom from his lips, for more of those cryptic aphorisms that have made his name famous. . , T- -' . ,ff es. .JIY 5.-1916 .. DANCE ibifffi Of posterity. down for ii this im- zsf' Even ble truth observer. n an une :. Wie: the pee' , . and satis' Dre Words se cryptic HELENA MATHIASEN 285 Riverside Drive, New York City Columbia University B,S,-1924 ZETA PHI i From carrying out the doctor's orders to giving them, is the course of events for Helena, who is our Scandinavian inclusion. Like the rest of her race, she is earnest, hard working, and perse' vering. Her rather nervous temperament gives us the opportunity, rather rare in this day and gen' eration, of seeing a delightful blush Qespecially when cornered in a recitationj, while her friendly and obliging disposition makes her one of the well' liked members of the class. The younger genera' tion will have some good medical attention through this coming pediatrician. s l i i 143 I i ' s ' i MARTHA MENDELL 467 Fourth Avenue, New 'York City Hunter College BA.-1925 ZETA PHI We remember the plump, excited young lady in the first year imbibed with such tremendous scien' tihc ardor that an answer to everything popped from her indiscriminately. To whom the guileless professors had directed the questions was no mat- ter,-Martha right or wrong could not be hushed. The accretion of a little more knowledge combined with threats of violence on the part of the prof fessors have brought about a state of comparative sobriety, so that nowadays one may hear her say, "I don't know"-once in a while. But anyhow there is no vacuolar or fatty degeneration of the brain, on the contrary, a discriniinative interest and activity that have caused stimulation, not retro- gression. ISIDORE MILLER 641 Greene Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University B.S.-1926 ALPHA MU S1GMA For years you've stood on the sidelines and cheered while others played on. For years you've lent your sympathetic aid to the vanquished and kindly showed them the error of their ways. For years your attendance has been unfailing and your advice, though illftimed, invaluable. We hail thee, King of all "Kibitzers." But the truth is, the myriad members of the Pinochle Club prefer lr. to all the other men who have adopted Kibitzing as their specialty and ex' cuse for cutting classes, For it is he, who invar- iably brings Lady Luck to the mari whom he favors. lz will make a success at this game of medicine, We know, because it's in the cards. SAUL S. MATELSCN 1486 Bushwick Avenue, Brooklyn, New To-rk C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 ALPHA MU SIGMA An Adonis in the guise of a medical man, with the power and bearing of a Launcelot, it is said that ye fair maiden at the sight of his portrait burst into a rapture of ecstasy and from the ex' ceeding joy thereof swooned and thereafter desired to know what ye fair man did with his Saturday nights, But Saul as mighty as Launcelot and, per' haps, tied similarly by affection elsewhere, denied ye fair maiden the exquisite pleasure, whereupon, it is recounted, the damsel suffered thereafter from fibrosis of the myocardium. Says Saul, "ln the mighty sweep of events, what matters the heart of one maiden!" But Saul is not onefsided. He commands the respect of his confreres for the quantity of 'medical knowledge safely stored in his tireless brain. As a matter of fact, one often has recourse to the opinion of Saul when our knowledge concerning certain points is quantitatively exhausted. ark -1925 , with s said Iirtrait e ex' fesired urday l, per' lenied upon, from In the art of s the edical As o the :rning HAMDEN CURRIER MQQDY Bradford, New Hampshire University of New Hampshire B,S,-1923 Nu SIGMA Nu, PHI Mu DELTA, PI GAMMA, Y, M, C. A. COUNCIL QI, 2, 3, 49 "Ham" was mustered from the hills of New Hampshire to join our ranks. He was in a pickle teaching up there but was too wellfbred to admit it. Moody has proved himself a student of merit. Besides studying medicine, he has been a gym teacher, physician's mate, and what have you-all after school hours. In spite of this, 'Hamm ranks well up in the class and is certain to make good in the practice of medicine. New Hampshire will do well to send down more sons of his type. Y' 145 .- I I.- , I I I I I l I l I : I Q 4 I I HN, , , WILLIAM MOSKOWITZ .RutherfoTd, New jersey St. Lawrence University B.S.-1925 PI-II LAMBDA KAPPA, DANCE COMMITTEE Q11 Four years at Bellevue have left their imprint on many of us,-a little less hair, another wrinkle, a duller eye-but not so with Bill. Immune to worry, he has danced his way thru school, The results of an osteology refexam convinced Bill that he would get thru unscathed. Events have borne him out well. He is a diligent student of medical literature, and when asked a difficult question on medicine, he always has a ready answer, quoting directly from the masters, such as, "I firmly believe that if all the materia medica could be sunk to the bottom of the ocean it would be all the better for man' kind and all the worse for the fishes," or "'I'wof thirds of all diseases will cure themselves." l K l LAURENCE CHARLES OLDER 29 Chapel Street, Cuba, New 'York New York University B.S.-l926 Nu SIGMA NU, BETA LAMBDA SIGMA "Larry" had not long been in medical school before it was realized by his astonished classmates that he was no ordinary student in any sense of the word, Here was a hornyfhanded son of toil, a young Scotch farm lad thru whose veins coursed the blood of pioneers, for had not his ancestors possessed the first Ford in Cuba QN. Y.j? Larry was going great until he ran afoul of a compensation man. However, his better nature won out in the end and he has assured us of his intention of becoming one of the best practitioners Cuba has ever known. It should be easy. MICHAEL ALBERTUS NICOLAIS 205 West 20th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 THETA KAPPA Psi Crowned with military laurels at C. C. N. Y., a loyal and brave soldier, "Nick" came to Bellevue and contracted mumps, adding another name to the 231,490 soldiers who had it during the war. Breathlessly the class awaited his return. Expect' antly the bulletins of his progress were watched. And even statistical data, and the law of probabil- it were invoked to determine the chance of that dilleaded complication, which Dr. Haubold considers so gross a calamity. . Having successfully passed so great a hurdle, Nick should have little diiliculty in this race to fame. X N 'jk N' f jrfxtts -3 ' EQ . f's"E1.,,-11, P ' - .. we .. inf " - .1 il'f- -1925' . Y., levue me to war. rpectf Irched. babilf ' that siders Nick .e. ji ? - J -I 3 "I :, 5:2 16 2' I I 'I 2 I in fa mi fri' as Q I 3 . 5 I - I I I I SAMUEL SIDNEY PASACHOFF 1560 Grand Concourse, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. B,S.-1924 Sam is one of those fortunate individuals upon whom the privilege of helping to paint the walls of Morrisania City Hospital has been conferred. This will, probably, advance the opening date of the hospital from 1987 to 1946, providing the plumbers do not go on strike. Although Sam is one of the greatest living pinochle players, he is an authority on hydropic degeneration of the pancreas. Even Dr. MacKenzie had to bow before this genius. Sam is full of energy and ambition, has no bad habits, and is going to make a great success some day in medicine. ,-. ,.9. "iff I N -1 I ll1 .2 I ll li ' I I . I . I I . I 5 I 1 I I I - 1 ' I I 2 . 3 4 I . I I 3 . I l I , i A . I v 5 I , . i . .- . I 1 E I l I Is, g j,,.. "iff WILLIAM POMERANCE 812 Dahil Road, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 SIGMA OMEGA Psi, PHI BETA KAPPA, ALPHA ONIEGA ALPHA, DANCE COMMITTEE CI, 31 Willie is a living exemplincation of an old adage: All good things come in small packages. What quality shall we eulogize? His brilliant scholar' ship? His innate intelligence? His keen insight? Or his genial nature? Suffice it to say that Will is the foremost scholar of the class, and as for intelligence, his forehead makes it a wee bit more difficult for Darwinisms to span the gap between ape and man. Insight-Will sees through any- thing. And we dare say he can tunefin on any- one's heart. There's no saying what will become of this little fellow. His first case may decide-Obstetrics, Cyn' ecology, Cardiology, Nephritis .... Fate will tell! N BENJAMIN ROMANOWITZ 155 Audubon Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. , B.S.-1925 TAU EPSILON PHI, ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA He comes up smiling-that's our Big Ben all over. Five consecutive false calls, and then a def livery lasting forty hours, cases on medicine in- variably arriving at 4:45, situations to tax the pa' tience of job,-but merely a shrug of the shoulders, a smile and an, "Oh well!" from Ben. The highlight of his stay on Third Division was the bout with Dr. Wyckoff during a conference. Dr. Wyckoff shot a straight left to Ben's chest, and Ben countered with some of Eggleston's sta' tistics, having the original article hidden in his glove. The result was a draw. Placid, easy going, Ben has proceeded his un' ruffled way to scholastic prominence and A.O.A. This, combined with his grip of steel, a heart of gold and a nerve of iron, undoubtedly stamps him as a man of mettle. LEWIS BERNARD POSNER 216 Oceanview Avenue, Brighton Beach, New To-rig New York University B.C.S.-1924, B.S.-1925 PHI BETA DELTA The stage is set-in fact, the second stage- and our poet now comes on the scene with an ode to "Milady's Deliverance" on his lips. True, these poetical efforts seem to be merely an escape of excess energy for our Lew. Evidently something is wrong with the meter-but they are greatly ap' preciated by all, even by such a connoisseur as the Dean. "Buck" is one of those who has already tied the knot that makes two lives one. But despite this he has not lost his good humor and even disposition. Ever ready to add a bit of humor to all occasions, he has won a host of friends. It is this cheerful disposition that will carry him over the rough spots in life. l 1 'York -1925 age- 'th an True, :scape :thing ly ap- as the ' tied espite even IOr to It is over VICTOR HUGO RAISMAN 14 Morniiigside Avenue, New 'York City PHI DELT.-X EPSILON Hark! The bugle blows No, its just Vic blowing his nose. Vic is one of the best known men in our class -certainly, one of the biggest. He is a man of no mean parts, a Socialist of the parlor type, an avid reader of the Nation, and a great lover of Russian movies. He can tell you of the evils of Capitalism and the virtues of the Young Folks Socialist League, as well as the differential diagnosis of Hereditary Cleidocranial Dystostosis. Vic was a great help on B6. We never had to look in the order book when he was around, for he no sooner saw one of us when he exclaimed with glee, "Hello there. Do you know that you have three blood counts, two gastric contents, and a Red Test." We'l1 miss our guess if Vic is not a leader in Orthopedic Surgery in the not so dis' tant future. l 5 A I 1 li l S. JEROME RAUCH 1915 Walton Avenue, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 PHI DELTA EPSILON, PI GAMMA ALPHA, VIOLET BOARD 145, DANCE COMMITTEE fl, 2, 35 It is a fortunate thing for Jerry that he had five buttons on his vest the day he was graduated from high school. On that day he was trying to decide on his life work, but could come to no def cision. So he counted the buttons on his vest, saying as he did so, "Doctor, Lawyer, Indian, Thief,-DOCTOR." Lo, the fates had decreed it. For six years did he labor and study so that he would, in truth, be a doctor, but like others before him, he rested on the seventh, Those of us who really know :ferry appreciate him as a real friend and are certain of his success in whatever Held he may choose to enter. l l 1 I l I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I 'I I I I I I, II I I I I I I I if I II II u I, II r II I ,I I: I , I II r, I i , I ' I ul I I ' .F 1 ff W, . .1 ANTONIO ROTTINO 9115 Ierome Avenue, Ozone Park, Long Island New York University BS.-1925 ALPHA QMEGA ALPHA Let it be to the everlasting credit of this zealous adherent of the autoclave, who, in his mighty desire to wreak havoc with germs of all descripf tion and genera, sought to include table and all in his sterilizing efforts. This very sense of thorf oughness, we would say, is an exact characterizaf tion of Tony, who firmly believes in the dicta laid down by Dr. Walker, that one learns not by divine inspiration but rather by humble perspiraf tion. An earnest, persevering chap is Tony, who brags little, absorbs much, and craves for more. 50 SALVATORE JOSEPH ROSE 5 Ivy Court, Orange, New jersey New York University B.S.-1926 In spite of the universal doctrine of all medical schools which declares-"As ye study so shall ye lose weight"-this rotund, wellfconcentrated chap continues to add to his panriiculus adiposus. Rose has earned everlasting fame through the choice of his clothes, a tribute to his rare courage. While the clothes one wears is a rather personal matter, comment is justihed, especially where a man prof vokes a civil war by wearing a suit similar to h 'l h' ha that worn by Robert E. Lee. We ai t is c p who has the courage of his convinctions. .. I TTY' O 'ii ' ' ' ' f. Y-I' X yxfn, I ,fi JOSEPH ANTHONY RUBE 30 Prospect Streetf Ridgewood, New Iersey Q Columbia University A,B,-1926 THETA KAPPA PsI, ALPHA PI-II DELTA, LITERARY CLUB, VIOLET BOARD 131, ART EDITOR VIOLET C41 The bane of Ioe's life is the way in which our professors bandy his name' about. Be it hereby known to all those present that the accent is on the'E. At cartooning Joe has no peer, 'and we award him the rubber medal for his drawings and diagrams presented in the Friday clinics. Inci- dentally, we might reveal the fact that joe's long hibernation when the Violet came out was merely a measure aimed at selffpreservation, but you must admit Ioe's caricatures are true to life. ,fq,wMea - " :If 1 Tic, . -f -.. i5h::xV,inA1,! :J was t. . ,, s. .fQ'5T5ksf3 t- ,.fe'- ' A- f-1,-,L ' 1,2 so , ff:.,SLft-Erika'-s+JsQ..a'f't'f1',f r TTS.: ei,i L::2.,..ggT2' ' Q , :fl if I QQ. 5 hh. Q, 5 li . gp , :gg W S A gi 1 5 Q , . 5 , 6 4 1 . f' Qi 3 t I ' l l ' 1 :' , .I v I C" Q , . n I M , I Z 5' 5 C I Q Q I . wf.f "H'iPff' g a , ,Q fl.. jSKNX,, ' Lg Q rj- ' Z . gen! I N V 1 I s I , iff. f H 2 2 , l "Q ,fa + J .Q Q ,l I - 4 1 F .. , -is 1' ist' if! fi -I te lil dl Q il l as -ssicfgsgiyflgleigos 1 X- lil fi IU Qiskkfi -N ,f--- QL" ,,-vit E5 P- ..,, Pb:-Q1-"' IOSEPH SCHULTZ 270 Riuington Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. . B.S. PHI LAMBDA KAPPA Quiet, reserved, and unassuming is our friend Joe, He goes about his work with pleasant smile and without fuss. He received his earlier medical training during his eight years of faithful service with the New York City Department of Health, where he was affiliated with the Department of Bacteriologyg his nonchalance and familiarity with the members of that department at Bellevue has always been looked upon with awe by his fellow classmates. -At medical college he has been a congenial and diligent scholar. He has usuallygthrough some individual good fortune, escaped being called upon in recitations. rx gg, If, A W ig. 'V My I PQ .Q -. Q -ef M5 ,R ,I-fs . mf, 1 - A -M -if ,,.f ' '- ,ls 'V I,-I F gif, '-'EW -11, P-'XT 'P vu' .1 ' Il , ,gi LA iii af' .fi 51 IRVING SCHWARTZWALD 538 Eighteenth Street, West New York, New Jersey New York University B.S.-1926 TAU EPSILON PHI "I cannot tell a lie. With my digital linger I did it." Thus spake Sir Irving, he of the silver tongue and storehouse of information. And thus was the diagnosis of carcinoma confirmed beyond a doubt. Shades of Daniel Webster! The orations this boy delivers with each recitation are classical. Start' ing in measured tones but soon rising to the peak of eloquence, he will drive home the importance of a good history in evaluating the presence of red cells in a female urine. Irv's future is pregnant with possibilities and we expect him to deliver the goods. As God's gift to the mothers of Union City, we predict big' ger and better babies. '7 GEORGE SCHWARTZ 1361 Fulton Avenue, New 'York City New York University B-S.-1925 TAU EPSILON PI-II, BETA LAMBDA SIGMA, VIOLET BOARD CZJ, VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE fl, 25 Adam once remarked, "Clothes make the man," and this sage's remark has survived the ages. To this we must now add another gem equally axiof matic, "George makes the women." No matter where he may be,fat the Board of Health, at the hospital, he is soon entertaining a bevy of pulchri' tude with his bon motsg and leaving a trail of rup' tured myocardiurosis behind him when he leaves. We predict success for George. That aggressive' ness, which is so much a part of his personality, cannot help but carry him to the heights. 1 - I I , l 25' ET 7 sw nv To io' ter the hri- upf Ive' ity, JAMES A. SHANNON l96'24 89th Avenue, Hollis, New 'York Holy Cross College A.B.-1925 OMEGA UPSILON PHI, ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA, PRESIDENT ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA 145, BELLEVUE VIOLET 13, 41, CLASS PRESIDENT CZ, 3, 41, LIT' ERARY CLUB Jim is a most congenial fellow and we all like him. It is now our privilege to divulge the secret that Jim is Irish in spite of his name. 'Tis he who has led us through three hectic years at Belle' vue, and for this we owe him much. Jim has been collecting a part of this mortgage in cigarettes the past three years, but it seems that we are still in' debted to him. It is probable that Jim is the most widely'read member of the Senior class, and his command of medical lore has more than once helped a struggling professor over tight places in a quiz. Instead of "asking the man who owns one," we say-"ask Shannon." l Q lSADOR.E MEYER SIEGEL I 2333 Eightyffirst Street, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University B-5- SIGMA OMEGA Psi We've tossed from side to side to get a I-Siam" at Isidore, but how can one hurt so quiet, so unassuming a chap? In his Junior year, this derby' topped Romeo met his lovely Juliet and lo! Now Izz sleeps out in Brooklyn. We harbor no malice toward him, but we'll never forgive him for hold' ing out on us. I We haven't heard much of a noise from lzz, but inasmuch as he has done one job well, we are entirely confident that his future career is well molded-perhaps as a pediatrician. Forget not, ole boy, "charity begins at home. 'I TULES WARREN SMOLEROPF 2502 Frisby Avenue, New 'York Gity New York University B.S.-1925 PHI DELTA EPSILON, KAPPA NU, VIOLET BOARD IZ, 41, CHAIRMAN DANCE COMMITTEE QU, DANCE COMMITTEE C23 Introducing the other half of the firm of Hecht and Smoleroif, Inc., connoisseurs in the art of cut' ting and outlining medical courses. Besides, Iules has the additional virtue of being a Siren. At any rate, it is doubtful whether even Odysseus could withstand Iulie's subtle pleadings when he inveigles his friends to the movies and bridge games. How' ever, it Seems that even a Siren may be bewitched by another, especially one of the Brooklyn variety. Are you holding back Something on the boys, Julie? If so, come clean because sooner or later it will all come out in the wash. Lest we forget, our hero has another accomplish' ment in that he is the only rival to Hyman in the use of eponymic and polyfsyllabic medical terms. Quoth Sir Jules, "Words such as 'Kohlrausch's pul' monary osteoarthopathy' produce a tremendous im' pression e'en tho' ye know not the meaning there' of. GEORGE SINGER 346 East 173111 Street, New 'York City New York University B-S--4926 TAU EPSILON PHI, BETA LAMBDA SIGMA, VIOLET ' DANCE COMMITTEE fl, 45 Tachycardia is epidemic among the women as he passes. Sighs mingle with exclamations of admira- tion. A wave of "Ahs' and "Obs" sweep the Avenue as he approaches. Who, Lindbergh! Hell, no!-merely George making one of his rare trips to school: ' Four years ago to the dismay of the Hollywood magnates and to the delight of John Gilbert and his comrades, George decided on medicine as his profession. Hollywood's loss has been Bellevue's gain, for George has made an enviable record. His inherent technical skill, his understanding, and sympathetic nature inspire confidence in all who have contact with him. Morrisania City 'Hospital is getting Ea good start with George on the house staff. We hope he'll come around to school in time to get his diploma. ' A l 1 I 154 l WILLIAM SAMUEL SPARER 713 East lblst Street New Tor C1tx CCNY 7 Comes a famrlrar whrstle a pop of the lrps and rmmedrately we herald the entrance of our smrl rng care lree Wrllram he of Xray fame he who the lrps of Dr Kaplan and Dr Le hangs upon Wald and drrnks rn err famrlrar words No earthly cares wrll knrt proachrng exams wrll damsel wrth exqursrte an eyelash not even a hrs equanrnrnrty for phrlosophrcal shrug of mortal brurses emerges th hrs brows no fears of ap ruffle hrs good humor ankles wrll make hrm bat necessary shave wrll drsturb Wrllram accepts all wrth the shoulder and from all the same smrlrng soul We shall remember hrm as the chap who has garly con verted pessrmrsm rnto optrmrsm ALEXANDER STEIN 1348 Boone Avenue New Tom Cztv 'r CCNY B 14 In days of yore when knrghts were bold and chrvalry fllled the hearts of men there lrved a rnrghty krng Alexander the Great Famed lor hr deeds of valor and mrdhty conquests hrs name has survrvcd the ages Thrs was not our Alert ander However our Alexander rs also undaunted and hrs courage and nerve are unquestroned Why rn the famous Battle of Pharmacology when thrngs looked blackest and pred ctrons that he would be a frnrshed physrcran were about to come true he managed to come out second best and Gun he admrratron of all Al has a unrque personalrty and hrs progres shall be watched wrth Great eagernes by an erc pect mt class - - J R .I . . . . B.S.-19? . ' v , , :Ll ' 1 I- A D 1 ' , 7 ' E , . . ,, ' 2 g s . ' r, , f I if D U - w, no 3 r 21 1- l' . .. , 3 . ' , 1 ' , l . . . . . W . 1 Q , g, I Q v 1 4, . . . . .S.- 9- .A , A 7 'A . , . s . D - 7 1 . , , v ' y 1 . J . , . , ,. I . v C or E . Q L. . S . O ,' 2 . 155 JOHN ANDREW TADDEO 2363 Southern Boulevard, New 'York City New York University BS.-1926 This little gentleman from Fordham of quiet, hesif tant, and diffident air, who speaks in a wee bit of a voice, has won the friendship and good will of all. Good natured, kindly, never resentful, his is the personality that never clashes, that never offends. Even his complaints about existing evils Qsuch as heavy assignmentsj are never reproach' ful or hostile but rather quiet and submissive as though he suddenly realized the futility of argu' ment against the higher powers. We part, but we shall remember him. 1 156 SUCCORSO A. SURIANO 1273 Teller Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y. B.S.-1925 LAMBDA PHI MU If any doubt still exists as to who is the fastest talker, let it depart immediately and forever, for none can compare with Gus! It has been roughly estimated that if all the words that have rushed helter skelter past his lips during the past four years were placed end to end they would extend from Kerner's to the Milky Way. Gus is indefatigableg give him work and he ref joices, give him leisure and he is tearful. A course in Pharmacology raises his spirits to the skiesg a holiday lowers them to the cellar. Tell him to do a quantitative on only one specimen and he'll do it on all. Why, rumor hath it that Gus actually prepared his hygiene assignments. Greater proof of the diligence necessary for success is not neces' sary. -1925 astesr , for lghly lshed four rtend C fe. DUYSE 351 3, O do ll do ually Proof eces' HENRY D. TATERKA 754 Anderson Avenue, Grarntwood, New jersey 926 N xv York University B-5--1 EI DELTA EPSILON SIGMA LAMBDA PI, ALPHA PHI , A A, VIoI.ET BOARD 145, CLAss DANCE OMEGA LPH COMMITTEE QI, 25, VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE Q35 Crowds line the street-traffic is halted. All First Avenue, including Knobler's bakery, cheers, The Jersey Special has arrived. And out steps our Henry-handsome, smiling, and debonair with a cheery, "Can you stuff pineapplesu or "Who can run a Chevrolet?" Henry hails from Crantwood, and Grantwood hails him. A prince of good fellows, we can never picture this future nose and throat specialist as ever looking down in the mouth. Everyone has but admiration for him and rumor hath it that even the young ladies in the laryngology clinics say "ah" involuntarily when he examines their throats. He is indeed fortunate. Possessed of a ready wit, a keen mind, and a happy disposition, he h s combined them to those rare qualities of tact, a natural ability, and modesty. ARTHUR MARTIN TIBER Street, New 'York City 400 East 29th B.S.-1925 C. C. N. Y. PHI GAMMA , VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE Q2, 45, VIOLET BOARD Q45 KAPPA DANCE COMMITTEE Q2, 35, When the Frenchman wishes to seek and fix ref sponsibility for any unusual event, he says Cherchez La Femme, When anything unusual is afoot, we would transcribe that and say, "Look for Arthur." Nor is he a silent influence, for whenever the def bate waxes warm, Arthur may be seen rising and eloquently discoursing and expatiating upon his views. Oftimes, the boys in very gentle fashion may disagree, but is that a deterrent? We are absolutely convinced to the contrary, for we have never heard him silenced, and anyone with such persistence in his makefup, assuredly, has the re' spect of his colleagues. In the future, if we are fortunate enough, we may expect similar eloquent discourses on histamine, for Arthur is an excel- lent research man with the ambitions of a clinician and the bearing of a Copeland. Those .who en' gage in polemic discussion with Arthur will speed' ily find him a worthy opponent, who has profited much by his experiences at Bellevue. g, WILLIAM TROY TURLINCTON Fremont, North Carolina University of North Carolina AB.-1925 THETA KAPPA PSI "Truelove" is the other one of the two rebels from North Carolina. One of the greatest surf prises of the year was when Bill came back after the summer vacation and announced that his politif cal affiliations had swung from Herb to Al, Every' one was stupefied until it leaked out that Bill's fatherfinflaw was a Smith man. Truelove can throw more bunk per hour than a steam shovel, and il' you don't believe it, just try to tell a biff one when he is within earshot. Welcom Bll 5 I ' e, I , vxere glad to have you among us. even if Dr Tyson l cou dn't understand how come youfall are here. IOSEPH TULGAN 354 East 53rd Street, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y. A.B.-1920 Columbia University A.M.-1921 Columbia University Ph.D.-1923 SIGMA XI, AMERICAN ASSOCIATION EOR TI-IE AD' VANCEMENT or SCIENCE "Lordy, Lordy, take me to Thy Kingdom, take me to Thou, but take care o' my babies!" "Nay, Nay!" cried Pop, "you shall stay with us." And the little mammy delivered a bouncing baby boy. Which all goes to prove-if you'll leave 'em alone, they'll come out dragging their cords behind them. Now gaze at that noble brow, behold the string of degrees-how can such a combination in one individual make for an incredible Congeniality, so warm, so radiant? "Pop's" a regular fellerg we love him for his simplicity, and we admire him for his good uhorsef sense." He'll get there, is the opinion of every' one. 19 fm w 7 E21 9 Nay And Y boy alone them strmv ln 0116 ity or h1 horse ex ery ANNA ELLA NVAGNER 1033 East 27nd Street Broo 1511 New 'lor Ade1ph1 College A 75 ZETA P111 Grey c1ouds may hang o CI you1 head and your sp1r1ts may be IH your boots but a beam of sun sh1ne w1l1 creep 1nto your sou1 when Sm111n Ann comes on the scene An unusual versat111ty and a ine personallty are occas1ona11y d1sturbed by a temperamental e1upt1on but seren1ty soon re1gns supreme And then wed all go down to the beach crack pemuts and watch the yachts sa1l We re not certa1n whether Ped1atr1cs or Internal MEd1C1DC w111 c1a1m our sm111n Ann but assured we are of one fact sound Judgment leads to suc cess 1n any held ALICE WATERHOUSE 329 West 46th Street New Tor C1t3 Mount St Vmcent A 1 '75 ZETA P111 DANCE COMMITTEE C1 2 3 45 SECRE RY Q1 7 A11ce has been our secretary fOl four long years long to her because of her man1fo1d and com p11cated secretarlal CllIC1CS but short to the rest of us who have many a t1me wlshed for qu1n1d1ne to st1l1 that aurlcular flutter she has caused But all IS not as serene as th1s seems Her 111sh 15 deeply bur1ed and has a long latent per1od But the surnmat1on of response to the adequate st1mu1us lb enough to make you w1sh you were home w1th mother That happens however Just seldom enough for us to 11111 the outburst as an event Gur A11ce has a g1ft for tr1endsh1p xuth the unswervmg 1oya1ty wh1ch accompanles that tralt Thxs loyalty 15 extended to the profess1on she has chosen and We haxe the utmost conhdence 1n her L11C11T1'ltC success 111 It 1 1 A 1 1 - 1 5 . - 1 . I 1 orli 1 1 If I -19-1 i K H , , R , v , Ak i E '19-5 g ' x .B.-19- f 1 E AD' ' A 1:5 k A A ' 1 i . 1 o H N ' l 1 V . by. Il 2 , 50 q I ' A L g' W . . . . .. , a Q Ig 2 's 's Q C : J A f 2 . " A ' ' it 52 1 7 1 , 4 it - 1 se s L Q Ng 'i -1 - ,, - xl ,. ' XYQi:--J-fi A 11 T-Ks!! 1 1 -1 T , 1 H 1 I T . . ' .B.- 9- 3 ' :X I TA , -, 3, 45 g g .Q . , L 1 ' AY , - 1 ' Q ' 1 5 A A . 1 L l 159 Q I I 1 CARL JOHN WELGE 363 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, New 'York Lafayette College Nu SIGMA Nu To most of us, Carl is the perfect enigma. Tryf ing to fathom the workings of his cerebrum is as futile as figuring out how much grades count for at our fair school. As a dancer, he'd have Arthur Murray stepping on his own feet. Carl specializes in pre-prohibition jigs, and he wasn't so bad at the Section Five Celebration either. His Indian War Dance is 'non plus ultra, and his ren' dition of "Pony Boy" sung to his own accompani- ment Qhe never took a lessonj deserves a big hand. JACOB LAWRENCE WEINSTOCK 1290 Fulton Avenue, New 'York City Columbia University A.B.-1926 Viouar BOARD, Gizmos 445. Mathematicallyfinclined gentlemen will ponder on the limits of infinity, while the lessftalented will wonder where the limit of Iack's inexhaustible store of wit terminates. ln his happier moments, bubbles of humor are interwoven with clever puns, the general effects of which are increased by a quiet and innocent demeanor. In his more belligerent moments, Jack becomes the master of repartee and one begins to feel the lash of pointed and stinging truth. His correspondence is said to be tremendous. Everywhere the fair ladies clamor for a share of it, and'charmed by the cleverness and spontaneity of his remarks, heap invitations galore upon him, to the envy and astonishment of his friends. In truth the "cream of wit," he is a shining example that the pen is mightier than the sword. 26 on will Jre iles the 'e DH DC REDVERS WHITEMAN 264 West 136:71 Street, New Toflq City C. C. N. Y. BS,-1925 "It's a girl, Mammy. Just what you wanted!" Thus will Redvers announce in his tremulous voice the birth of a pickaniny, We have a sneaking sus- picion that Whiteman and his sidefkick Bolden are going to monopolize the practice of medicine an surgery up in Harlem Redvers makes a poor subject for a grind b cause he has no vices doesnt swear much and is always ready to lend a helping hand to a friend in need He is one of those rare human beings whose presence ls always felt but never as an in trusion Very quiet serious ambitious and sm cere he has endeared himself in the hearts of his classmates who know him to be a real friend and 1 regular fellow l '-sw.. Y.,- M FREDERICK WIENER 901 E1ghth Avenue Broo lyn New Tor New York University B 1 6 PHI LAMBDA KAPPA MU ALPHA DELTA DANCE COMMITTEE Q31 On the day of that memorable hygiene trip to ersey Fred saw the Smvmg Fool and having cleared his husky throat went home In that mo ment of inspiration he wrote a description of the Sewage System which would have been a credit to a D P H That day was surely well spent His discussions with ohn Edelstem sotto voce invariably mean another conquest Possessed f a keen sense of humor and an inexhaustible reper toire of Jokes and quotations we herald him as a man of versatile aecomplishments 1 t L A T t , i d A l nd I 5 I ng I , 6, ' ' 1 , Q 5, 5 us. ' ' ' 3 ,Of ' . ' ' , i ity -- , ' , T hi 1 , - , ' s I s V 3 N .1 - - ' T T p l . l A 5 ii for egisgggeggiffe eeifrjfoeeseiifss XX-, :Xi fi I Ti N, -X I ,MKC rf, ,Vkf . i X YT ggi N V 1, -gf e---sf'-Qff' 9 , ,- . 1 , , Q - 1 fit-f3lI:f"lQ:'ff.' ,i ri 3.-Q 'ffitikf .f 42' 211 ' iff 2 ll 5 Q Q is ' , k , R ' ' , .s,- 92 il ' 3 l 7 ! , 5 1 , Q F I , V I Q' , ' T l . . - , I - - l i 1 T T ' ' ' ' J A 1 J A M ' ' . o s - - r I F . ' I 7 ' I i i gy f . S., gi ill?-. we -fe-R-5-E . aa 1. .. H, . , I Q, Xa.-. .xy .f . .21 . 3 . g- 3 - .I -.-3t.,,43 .. ,. sr' W W.--5. ,WL I, J - ,gl W r ,rv up ..-.,.,.f- . .1-1-1 ' Cu QD . 5'-5, , -q 15,3 jjgw ,5- X it T11 if iff fi glam-Q HJ: Q .dl .N-uf ...L 3. L LEO WILSON 1505 Walton Avenue, New 'York City New York University B.S.-1926 PHI DELTA EPSILON, CLASS TREASURER fl, 2, 3, AN VIOLET DANCE COMMITTEE My, 41, CHAIRM LITERARY EDITOR, VIOLET 135, ASSOCIATE EDITOR, VIOLET Q45 not least-neither in bulk And last but certainly nor importance-comes our financial genius, upon whose shoulders the burden of class finances has restedfor four years. With the finesse of a Mel' lon the shrewdness of a Dupont, and the sagacity of a Raskob Leo has handled the 354.98 intrusted to his keeping and has kept the class solvent and himself in cigars. His annual financial statements are masterpieces of literature and are awaited with breathless expectation by an admiring class. ' n of accomplishment and his achieve' Leo 1S a ma ments are manifold. But with it all, he has always ' ' ' ' ' ' th hearts found time to instill the desire to live In e f local maidens A future obstetrician and gyne' o . cologist he will step into any breech and deliver .IFI99 li 3 's s e ' kj:'Qw'Xf! IL. IA jf Farewell, Alma Mater "Time passes"! a roaring river, speeding Relentlessly to a sea of Eternity, A test of friendship, grief, hearts left bleeding Potent in solving the World's mystery. But nay, Time stays! ,tis Man who passes, Who fears the toll of Time-an end to shun, Netted in a torrent of strife, in masses He herds onwards to oblivion. We who enter the more rugged highway Clouded by drudgery, goaled by success, Take heed: to worship, glorify, venerate, To esteem, honor, to ask the Lord to bless Those portals. We, departing, sadly, yearning. It to remain fore'er-that Hall of Learning. 1 Y ,f QL- -- f v J ' I i ,f' .lf rg, la IKM--J a ,,---....., M l mit' W I i W l W W w x I I I 5 1 '5, I M "S, k H IS 1 r Y . d d rs . h I , EQ cs If , J if il 1 n ,I l I n 1 I I ! 163 1 ? Abramson Acampora BGIUCY Baron dll "' 'AI' ' X Dil Bergstein Berner Tp Bolden Bookrajian Codeue Carhaft Angelillis Atlas fl 5-, ooo! ICroT L,,. 9,0-'fu Ezczeema Q ff . 1' 1513- 4 Nxafx N rm I 2 -Sf .1 -9' M- ' N E4 - , -ve ' x. - QA ig Baum Becker, i Bierman Block nt! be 3,3 s I 'QI .I XfQ?.Li2g3'E . df. Q- f - 12,1 i f SQJBJS " Borsuhs gr 1 ,sf Deh hf N' 'I Borsuk Brown .r Q 9 WY Q an Fl We 7 ' ' L, f X 1' 2 - x ' ea-f Q Ch21SkCl6Va Cgnasgn Daly cinema' iw' it Dowrlfir . Ev cf A- Babbitt Bloom Y Bender Candia XQKSX 0, i"S':+ W 5113? ' ag. Dalven 164 l lf' 8355's tzerd' . 'TFQ 4 ' 'V L21 De Muth Ellmore Fratello '41 n in cf' page , Y 14' llllwiu Goodwin L- Q Q M6 nd whJT'Y 1 'ff ' -mar, Q ' .f 4112 WQLQT 2 E'-125 l 0 45 Fix . 'X -of Lonnlm iz? if' ..z' L K' -Z Drexler A. Edelstein Epstein fi xx H -se Frieman 1 -1. 3 I K., R Gordon nlff ' Jil 'Sheik A gn, Q A lf :fl 'N Ferraro f Where en are Hen - - - Gardner Gottesman 9 r 1' X -1. Anfually ,rw 0 iw f- a s I. Edelstein l j5011'ki"- rv S x Feurstein Q 4 . mm Champ. broad Eu fer' Genovese fgherloc Grooprnan o-Rid Requlsnes Ol wfnecolo 6 fx. eff f"Ls3ig l A df-anus Wow-hid Hurd Mldlly ml ' Af' Francis Goodman Hecht n Puwngu X QEIN. Y ? . . 'luv :rdfnlzxfigx 4 ' ' w I ' f rg ' xi - Q . or un 1 W x x I XJQMTX 3' l ol rff,S A 1 lx gxx N 'x H . I 's 161 5 Ss. user L K , x91 Vw J AL! i., 1 J , are ' Y 7 e Il I su Q50 an' " fu S1 u ll A 5 P 1, X I ' I2 L . f mf "' f - ' r K1 , A X E lf' f 4' I Tue dn.-rx ieilnfarnuq P 5 vs , D' 'Sl 1 l s xx M 'A' Sq n l lf, ,.. sy s W ' j 0' ,I Ng L I J - - I one 50 " FW : ,.. s m Q 5 X v I ,Ll iz! I - x' Ltl It 1 f 15 Q' g, l l X 4x 4 1 ly f 1 ' ' la sf' A , I q an e ,P 7 WEE?" 1 'L 4 ,if-'Q . f ' X-1 K 1 s ' E ri ss- WN J hi- L1 -s ' 7 X I ' I QQ, 1 'I 'I . ' ix 1 "5 A 'V . l G S l f H l a Flywo Hirscher Hillel Hodas Housman 165 Hoffs Horn . ----., .-we ' I 2 - .--- .. Y . l ,V , 1. 'Q' 'V I -. .ff TT?-, - ., TNA, ' . ,XJ AA . ff : ,wf-Sa,.,' - 1 , -I 1 - S, . ,, - . .. - YJ. ,,X.f',,5:-- H ' .- P 1 1, - P - .1 fi ,,,,,-f K. 4 L , I --v- ' ,," A T-.M "A - A ' -hu .. " ,.- ' . N "---1 4 ,H .LW M- . , -.,-Q, XL A,,f' Hospital Appointments, Class of 1929 ALLENTOWN CITY, PA. joseph R. Bierman CITY HOSPITAL Theodore Baum Joseph Hodas L . . BARBTETT MEMORIAL HOSPITA Bemamm Romanowltz Elms Lawrence Morris F. Wiener . NE HOSPIT.AL N. . BAIQON Frieman ' J CONEMAUGH VALLEY MEMORIAL yman Meyer Bloom BELLEVUE Frank Bailey Marshall Brown Lillian DeMuth Lewis F. Ellmore Benjamin Feuerstein Samuel Groopman Harry Herscher H. Easton McMahon Hamden Moody Antonio Rottino James Shannon Arthur Tiber Alice Waterhouse BETH DAVID Frank Izsak BETH ISRAEL Harry Borsuk Oscar Drexler Saul Hoifs Benjamin Hyman BROOKLYN HOSPITAL Laurence C. Older CUMBERLAND ST. HOSPITAL Michael Nicolais ELIZABETH GENERAL HOSPITAL Alexander Stein FLUSHING HOSPITAL lsidore Epstein FORDHAM Frank T. Genovese Louis R. Ferraro GOUVERNEUR HOSPITAL Charles Codelle Joseph Dalven Milton F.isen Isidore Miller GRANT HOSPITAL, COLUMBUS CHIC Helena Mathiasen GRASSLANDS HOSPITAL VALHALLA Bernard Hecht GREENPOINT, BROOKLYN Niholas Ingoglia JENVISH HOSPITAL, BROOKLYN Fl.-XRLEM Herbert Berner Martha Mendell William Pomerance Joseph Tulgan Angelo Acampora Joel Bolden Frank Levine Lewis Posner BUSHXVICK FIOSPIT.-XL, BROOKLYN HOLY FAMILY HOSPITAL Saul Matelson William Moskowitz . I ,- K- X- " ,. HOLY NAME, TEANECK, N. J. Paul Angelillis JAMAICA HOSPITAL Isadore Siegel JAMES WALKER MEMORIAL HOSPITAL, C WILMINGTON, N. . William Turlington JERSEY CITY HOSPITAL Edward N. Bookrajian Joseph M. Hillel Benjamin Jaffe KINGS COUNTY HOSPITAL Victor H. Raisman LEBANON Jesse H. Goodman Lawrence Lief Julius Smolerolf MONTEEIORE Jerome S. Rauch MORRISANIA CITY HOSPITAL Isabella Chaskeleva Emil Conason James Gordon Samuel S. Pasachoff George Schwartz George Singer Succorso Suriano Henry D. Taterka Jacob Weinstock Leo Wilson MT. SINAI Sidney Housman Harry Keil MUHLENBERO, PLAINEIELD, N. J. Hugh M. Bahhittl Nathan Francis NAVAL HOSPITAL, BROOKLYN A. Floyd Gardner . X' .f . I J - Nga! NEWARK CITY Benjamin Horn NEW YORK POLYCLINIC Henry Laven NORTH HUDSON HOSPITAL Herman B. Kaplan Irving Schwartzwald IXIORXVALK GENERAL I'IOSPIT.-XL Michael Bender P.-XSSAIC GENERAL HOSPITAL Carl Baron PATERSON GENERAL I'IOSPIT.-XL Joseph A. Rube ST. ELIZABETH, ELIZABETH, N Thedore Atlas ST. ELIZABETH, WASHINGTON, T. Martin Goodwin ST. JOHNlS HOSPITAL Francis Candia ST. LUKE'S, NEWBURGH T. Martin Goodwin Carl Welge ST. MARK'S HOSPITAL Joseph Becker Joseph Schultz William Sparer ST. MIoHAEL'S, NEWARK, N. J Salvatore S. Rose ' ST. VINCENTYS HOSPITAL Alfred Marra Carmine Melore SOUTHSIDE, BAYSHORE, L. I. William Carhart SYDENHAM Arthur Abramson John Edelstein WYCKOFF HEIGHTS HOSPIT.-XL Louis Fratello UNITED ISRAEL ZION Joseph Bergstein I I f i 1, . 2 QC? b 1 RU"'!R""'3 ,I g1'Cill ram .- 7-gt4'9cw7Sop::x?-1 ge .S P7 s ' 3 pn! 1' sg-Nsiuktfy X!fQ':5?M . X J Hyman Ingoglia Izsak Iaife 1F.conG r - ' 'A eg Q1- Ar ' 5 Kaplan Keil Laven Lawrence V XG Q . 'E' Y5.uEA 'I ,aw 5,,,- 5:5 UR 4 ' figiimw 'H' ,..,....m4F 11 . Ji H' on LK '7 KSN! r 5a " 54119 snow LADY 2'U'2q5 " ' n ' rv: cw re f" X' fl r ' f f e ' , r " Q -a h . Lief McMahon Maf1'a Matelson nexws'-'19 -9 :4133 x X 21353 kkxY?N"" 'U ," Melrose Moody Moscowitz Miller J X?7h?gxi X gi ""'d'R 9 Sf--xc - Kurt. M .lrillw The .kqrj 1 , . yX, IB Sings 14: Qu Q .fr - r -Sr M 4. n 'P B ur I Q-ljgaa att.: .. la? bt I tx. Older Pasachoff Pomerarxce Posner Rauch 168 6 W Kane Levine ss 2 - '2?P",5Eg. U Mathiasen Nicholais Sn: on .ABQ ' C ,, 'Q-"9 ' k Q Qndltllp ,ff dd onthe 3.198 CIGSS is 2, mga lf' to 7 . gf ZZ' 1 I . 0.0 " J A Raismarx ' skid!! ' Q erher -.. fi? if' MZ i Champ I Romanowitz. ROSS . r FH Q' rail? 1 sr' N0 . " 5 ' fir . 'rx ' V J- .,' ' ilu :asf Y ct" Schwartz Schwartzwald . '- ill!! ss Rottino Rube Shannon Siegel ullbffa lflii 'R X rw N Q N Smoleroff Sparer 1 Fraser - -ee .. f ' .Q E' 'La.:"1'S u 7' 'Radcne To Jeluev Taterka Tiber Waterhouse Weinstock xrlilxfx WM Stein Suriano wwf , -1 ' EW' fx Wi, b' uf ' True Love Tulgan Turlington lf? x- - Q4 Nkfh f- X N Qt F' Lqfkn Viewer XJ W-fx f--' ' Q' X USL ' sadue Wiener Xvglge f"J?"'i F'-ff 9' as-rex-fi 1 Q3 Wilson 169 .W 'el ,315 R Schullz fn -I - Ahaih! it O! M WN' N Q, A ... ffl-'A gi? Mg 20554 MX JN5 mn, WU ' W Singer Taddeo Wagner Q7 ,Le 55 ,. ' XVhitman W Af ff A fa X I J gy ies.: 51. 1' ii wi 1 1 1 1 1 1 -- 1 1 1 1 l 1 1 1 1 1 1, 1, 1 11 11 1 11. 11 1 1 1 1 1 11 1 1 1 11 1,11 , 1 ,111 1 ,,,1, 4 111' 11111 11. 1 1 11,1 1 .1 1 111111 1 1 -1 , 1111 1 111111 1111, 111-11 1 , 1111 1 111, 1 11 11 11 11 1 1 1 111i 111 1 1 3 11-1 11 ,. i 11, i, 111 1 1 1 1 1 I 1,1 1111 1 1121 1 1 1 1111 1111 ,w 1 .1 11 1 I 1 11 1,, -? 1 11 1, 1,1 '11111 51111 1 1111 1 111 1 1 11X, 11,1 1 511 1 1 1 1 1 1111111 ,11 I 1 I 1 1 J I 1 ' 1 1 1 I 1 1 1 11 1. 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 f1 11 15 11 1 1 15 111 I 1 11 M 11 5 1 L ,1 1 , 1 5, 1 1 1 1 '1 1 1 ' 1 1 1 1 1 1 171 x n 1 f . - ' K' N , W ' ' fr- K ' fx J, J 5 N, , s-4,1 V A 1 I h-ff' ""'W"'H1. ' f- F mmf., .f - --'--A.,,,U -- xxx .KA K' xx V - XXX 1' ' E' . ', X ff-f"-"N ' X , ." ""Q' ff' :xg " R- NN Q x J - ---YY f u t X , ' """ ga -. ,Y X ' xg 'iff' 111:55 4-riff,-1 X E , , -f f'-,wx N-fl' X, L lv .M-,,,:-jg-L-y,., lg '-QT ' xg u .4 w 5: ,MA 5 f . . 51,-J , :gfir-:A i V I in ik ' 1' -Q5 S g 5 ,,... : , W- 1 rj--3 A , ' 1 1 r V ,,1. 1- V Q -M Y, ja: :vi X I ggz- -fx? f , Y-- X .X , X . . V ,, . . , A -Jin, .A 1 X, -,X 5 f 1 1: 5, W. I 1' A T'.ij'- ,,, V fly f I . 1 , . xx ' fl K V nr iz A X- W- '51 W :' X ,. . M , 1 ' "Q , - ' -,' . -N Y! , K , W. - . f T37 Y - -1 -M.,-.4 . 'V.7'i 1 ' x' , ,L ,-" I 1 VI , I , 'S 1 r , , X I w f N , , . x X W 1 , . A F. I I 1 9 I 5 , 1 3 Q I I xi, Q , r f lim ,7!1hp-n c9"5"' " 252' za!!-S 5754" lr 1 5 F S 1 2 Y 4 -' 1, fl VIL 'if HT-1 BERNARD MILCH Class 1930 SAMUEL R. LEVINE President VfCC'PT6SidCHf MARY M. THOMSON IosEPH E. LAROINA Secretary Treasurer I AM A JUNIOR I now wear hornfrimmed spectacles And walk with manly gait Light grey Spats adorn my feet A derby on my pate. I come to school most every day To listen to my teachers And sit with quiet attitude A Wise look on my features. , 174 1 --., .., 9 ,ff ,-f f. -f AQ? -5 x 55. ,til Class of'l93O EEEFIIHMU i NE HUNDRED AND TXVENTY'FIVE strong, we appeared on the scene in September, 1926-bookfthirsty, dynamic, and unyielding. Two weeks E lx of Csteology made us realize that we had left a campus and had passed EEE ' from the Hpleasurefprinciple stage" to the 'Lrealityfprinciple stage." ,, By June we were tired, had yielded, and were factfweary. E 2 ' It required all the following summer before we felt certain that we fm' l were still in school. Many were not sure that their return was expected ?'k J until they found that the office force was eagerly awaiting their fees. The confidence of the first trimester gradually waned as we approached 5' 5 the reign of those despots, Bacteriology and Pharmacology. The ten I X f weeks of the second trimester vanished and we came up for our orals. N Those few, who knew some pharmacology were asked "What is a person If l is who kills a king called?", L'Who invented the steam engine?", and many 1l" ' " other such questions. Bybuying a few more examination books "Dear Old Bellevue" found it could accommodate us all in the third year. We have now that confidence which all Juniors feel before they realize that-there are examinations in Medicine next year. We find it a very pleasant year. Although wallowing in that ease of having' two hour lunch periods twice a week and getting off at three o'clock on Saturdays, we have allowed a fact or two to pierce our State of Euphoria. The relation of trembling to Cardiology was made manifest the first Friday morning of the new year. At 9:05 to the second, an invisible hand wrote upon the wall "On your marks get set, tremble, and stay so until you hear my vanishing footsteps at ten o'clock." Later in the year during that same hour "Rheumatic Mulligan," who travels from joint to joint, was asked if he always looked like that. "Do you always look like that ' Like you've just been on a bat?" He found him gazing sleepily, And found he answered sheepishly. "Now where's the S. A. node and what's the use of it?" Our hero looked through eyes that closed And as a cat surveys a rat. "Does he always look like that?" Some of us have also learned the relation of tuberculosis to lubrication. Joe Bunim has taught others the value of that famous twang in passing Clinical Pathology. Another of our number is doing his best in making it essential to employ the Western qW,,,,iXT Q., ffm, -f"Na F X., ,-gym A y X gc, QE 31 M cu? .ff-at-sf'-' A Ulf., xfxSQ5l,!f j5,mXij.,x' 1 .vfm.if,iit 1 sis lf "ax 'li N l Xfij- il fi 1,-fl H' fligmi fN.B IP? N Qpmimvs lbw. liwip. ifki ii? 'f Gpfmffll ff? U' ffl L eg,-...JJ lf VMN 175' ..-3 -aa fi. ,ff "Q .1 ii! All . r ---'Lf' 9 .: r- ., tx 9 'NE A l 'f -,414-A Union to get him to class. So we could continue with that famous immunological et al to convince you that this Class of 1930 is the G- d- class of all, Pinochle and bridge have always been the avocation of the Junior Class. We have introduced two novelties unheralded in the annals of Bellevue-Aeroplanes and Onions. T he master minds who conceived of these innovations are held in too high esteem to have their sacred names placed on this humble scroll. Bernard Milch has been President of our class for all three years. In the first year his meetings were short. In the second year they were fewer and shorter. If we have no meetings this year, he will surely be refelected next year. I have been trying to get him to add a few words to this history but he is very busy trying to obtain the inal examination questions in Cardiology. He has high ideals, our president! Mary Thomson has learnt to be Secretary without reading minutes, and Joe Laroina to be Treasurer without asking for dues. What wasted talent where funds are negative and literature obsolete. f Oh, yes! Vicefpresident. Our one and only, smiling Sam Levine, preponderant, omnipotent, unassailable. His middle initial is R. Many of us were present at the Bellevue Violet Dance. Some could be "viewed" in the lobby of the Manhattan Square, the others brought girls and could be seen and spoken to on the dance floor. Peculiarly, the last mentioned also enjoyed them' selves. 176 Roster of the Junior Class MILTON ABELES 181 East 93rd Street, New York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Beta Nu Alpha, Tau Epsilon Phi. RAYMOND NICHOLAS ALLEN 114 Park Street, Orange, New Jerggy Holy Cross College, 1926-A.B. Omega Upsilon Phi, Dance Committee fl, 2, 31. JOHN AMORUSO 216 East 31st Street New York University, 1927-B.S. JAY ELLIOT ARLISS 280 Hewes Street, Brooklyn, New York New York University, 1927-B.S. BERNARD ARONOFF 1027 Hoe Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. HARRY NED BALLOT 916 'Tiffany Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. BENJAMIN BAROLSKY 432 20th Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey University of Pennsylvania, 1926-B.S. fBiology1. Phi Lambda Kappa. LOUIS BASKIN 5106 12th Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1926-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma, Dance Committee Q11. DAVID BERGSTEIN 4013 16th Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa, Phi Beta Kappa. IRVING BIEBER 1749 Grand Concourse, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Beta Kappa. DAVID BIRNBAUM 440 Jackson Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Theta Alpha Phi. KATHERINE BOHAN 109 East 30th Street, New 'York City Barnard, 1926-A.B. IRVING BORSHER 67 East 97th Street C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa, Phi Beta Kappa, Chairman, Dance Committee C31. 'JOSEPH J. BUNIM 5605 12th Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Dance Commit' tee 12, 31. HERBERT HOWARD BURGER 1046 Clay Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Tau Epsilon Phi, Violet Dance Committee Q11, Dance Com' mittee fl, 21. DOMENICK CARAVETTA 3034 Grand Concourse, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. SALVATORE CARVO 1325 72nd Street, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1927-B.S. HERBERT CHASIS 319 East Tenth Street, New 'York City Syracuse, 1926-A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon. ALEX HJALMAR CHRISTENSEN 340 Chestnut Street, Arlington, New Jersey. MIRIAM BIDDLE CLARK 553 Third Street, Brooklyn, New York Mount Holyoke, 1921-A.B. Zeta Phi. DAVID LEONARD COHEN 238 Fort Washington Avenue, New York City Cornell, C. C. N. Y, 1926-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Beta Sigma Rho, Phi Beta Kappa. JOHN WESLEY CRAWFORD 37 Wyckoff Street, New Brunswick, N. J, Rutgers University, 1926-B.S. fBiology1. Nu Sigma Nu. JAMES. FULTON CRUMPLER Clinton, North Carolina University of North Carolina, 1928-B.S. fMedicine1. Theta Kappa Psi. SAMUEL DAUM 602 Jefferson Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926--B.S. ELEANOR DAVENPORT 617 Baldwin Street, Meadville, Penna. I Alegheny College, 1925-B.S. Zeta Phi, Alpha Chi Omega, Dance Committee fl, 2, 31, Violet Dance Committee Q31. JOHN EARL DEFRANCESCO 4009 Barnes Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1926--B.S. Nu Sigma Nu, Pi Kappa Alpha, Dance Com' mittee Q11. JAMES ANTHONY DELVECCHIO 1366 73rd Street, Brooklyn, New TUTZQ New York University, 1927-B.S. ROLAND DEMICHELE 95 Parker Street, Newark, New lffseb' New York University, 1927-Bb. Lambda Phi Mu, Eta Phi Alpha. MAX DICKMAN 7523 19th Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'YOTR New York University, 1927-B.S. FRANK JOHN DILEO 203 N. Second Street, Allentown, Penna. New York University, 1926-B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi. ROSTER OF THE JUNIOR CLASS fContinuedj CYRIL HAROLD DOLLY PortfoffSpain, Trinidad Columbia University, 1927. EDWIN HOLMES DOUGLASS, JR. Petroleum, West Virginia West Virginia University, 1928-B.S. Phi Beta Pig Theta Chi. IRVING EHRENFELD 352 Aycrigg Avenue, Passaic, New Jersey Columbia University, 1927-A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon, Phi Beta Kappa, Dance Com' mittee HARRY EHRLICH 1538 47th Street, Brooklyn, New York New York University, 192.7-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Beta Lambda Sigma. J. HAROLD EILERT 2685 Briggs Avenue, New 'York City Fordham University, 1925--B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi. SIDNEY P. ELPERN 1411 Crotona Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1926-B.St ROCCO PAUL FARALDO 9 Old Bushwick Road, Brooklyn, New 'York St. John's College, 1926-B.S. Theta Kappa Psi, Alpha Iota Alpha. HARRY LOUIS FEIGENBAUM 1137 Longfellow Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. JOEL FELDMAN 154 Bay 31st Street, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1927-B.S. WILLIAM FORTINASH 2166 Second Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1925-B.S. NATHAN FRANK 1567 Selwyn Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1926-B.S. Tau Epsilon Pi. MARIAN H. FRAUENTHAL 2178 Broadway, New 'York City Smith College, 1926-A.B. Zeta Phi. JACOB SAMUEL FREEDMAN 15 Attorney Street, New 'York City Columbia University, 1926-A.B. Phi Beta Kappa. LOUIS R. FRIEDEELD 270 Rochester Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1927-B.S. Dance Committee QZJ. ABRAHAM HAROLD FRIEDMAN 67 East 93rd Street, New 'York City c. C. N. Y., 1926-Bs. Violet staff tsp. HARRY FRIEDMAN 5 Shanley Avenue, Newark, New Jersey HARRY ERIEDMAN 69 Mangin Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Beta Kappa, Beta Lambda Sigma. JOSEPH FRANCIS GILHOOLEY 3121 94th Street, Jackson Heights, Long Island New York University, 1926-B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi. SIDNEY GINSBERG 1749 Grand Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Zeta Beta Tau. SOLOMON GINSBERG ' 1134 Manor Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1927--B.S. SAMUEL AUBREY GITTENS 35 West 126th Street, New 'York City Columbia University, 1926-A.B. BARNETT JOSEPH GOLD 2780 Kingsbridge Terrace, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-A.B. Lambda Mu. SAMUEL ALEXANDER GOLDBERG 1400 Grand Concourse, New 'York City Cornell University, 1914-A.M., Ph.D. Phi Lambda Kappa, Sigma Xi. MAURICE GOLDFINGER 696 Greene Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma. PHILIP GOLDSTEIN 56 Bennett'Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon. MACK LEONARD GOTTLIEB 1877 Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. MAURICE DAVID GRANT 2067 Davidson Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Beta Lambda Sigma. MONROE HENRY GREENBLATT 310 West 97 Street, Long Beach, New 'York ' C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Sigma Alpha Mu. HERBERT FRED GROSS 1468 White Plains Road, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Sigma Lambda Pi PAUL EMANUEL GUTMAN 2858 Dudley Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa. MAX JOSEPH HALPERIN 11 Nunda Avenue,'Jersey City, New Jersey New York University, 1926-B.S. KENNETH BOCCARDE HANSON 222 Lexington Avenue, New 'York City University of West Virginia, 1928-B.S. Sigma Chi. EMANUEL HELLMAN 1766 Popliam Avenue, New 'York City Rutgers Uf1iVCfSifY, 1923-Ph.G.g New York New York University, 1926-B.S. Alplaa . ' . 2 University, 1927-13.5. Mu Sigma, Dance Committee fl, J. I I 1 178 ROSTER OF THE JUNIOR CLASS MORRIS HERMAN 4 East llltli Street, New 'Y k Cf C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S.O7 ly NATHANIEL ROBERT HERMANN 4903 14th Avenue, Brooklyn, New York Cornell University, 1926-A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon, Phi Epsilon Pi. FRANK RUSSELL HILL Clzarleroi, Pennsylvania West Virginia University, 1928-B.S. Delta Tau Delta. JOSEPH HARRY HILLMAN 61 Vernon Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Lambda Alpha Delta. JACOB JACOBOWITZ 332 Stanton Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Beta Lambda Sigma. ABRAHAM JEZER 2055 Harrison Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1926-B.S. FRANK KAMINSKY 1729 65tl1 Street, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. WALTER J. KOSSMANN J 42 Division Avenue, Belleville, New Jersey New York University, 1926-B.S. JOSEPH E. LAROINA 530 East 187th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Alpha Sigma, Beta Lambda Sigma, Class Dance fl, 21, Class Treasurer fl, 2, 31. JACOB LEAVITT 834 East 155th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Tau Epsilon Phi. HYMAN E. LEITER 95 Louisa Street, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1925-B.S. Phi Beta Kappa. RALPH THEODORE LEVIN 46 East 28tl1 Street, New 'York City Yale University, 1926-B.S. HAROLD LEVINE 28 Fairview Avenue, Hudson, New 'York New York University, 1926-B.S. SAMUEL LEWIS LEVINE 630 East 138tl1 Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Beta Lambda Sigma. SAMUEL ROBERT LEVINE 740 West End Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1926-B.S. Delta Beta Phi, Chairman, Dance Committee QU, VicefPresident 12, SJ, Violet Dance Com' mittee 111. LEROY LEVINSON 1689 Lindsen Street, Evergreen, Long Island C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Phi Alpha Sigma. HYMAN LIEBER 774 Blake Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1927-B.S. Alpha Omega Alpha. 179 VICTOR FILLER LIE F 222 122nd Street, Rockaway Park, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. HERBERT LOSCHE 331 33rd Street, Woodclijjfe, New Jersey New York University, 1927-B,S. Omega Upsilon Phi. DOMINIC EUGENE MADONIA 190 First Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Lambda Phi,Mu, Beta Lambda Sigma. ROSARIO JAMES MAGGIO 56 Jewett Street, Ansonia, Connecticut New York University, 1927-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu. ANTHONY J. MARAZITA . 306 Pleasant Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Theta Kappa Psi. BERTRAM ELIAR MARKS 1278 East 24th Street, Brooklyn, New York New York University, 1926-B.S. Tau Epsilon Phi. FRANK A. MARSHALL 200 James Street, Weeltawken, New Jersey New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Alpha Sigma, Phi Beta Kappa, Beta Lambda Sigma. ELKA REGENIE MARX 360 East 55th Street, New 'York City Hunter College, 1926--A.B. Zeta Phi. BERNARD MILCH 2254 Davidson Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Pi Lambda Phi, Beta Lambda Sigma, Violet Board QZJ, Violet Dance Committee 11, 2, 3J, President fl, 2, SJ. PETER MOMBELLO 99 MacDougal Street, New 'York City New York University, 1926-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu. WALLACE BROCK MURPHY Grafton, West Virginia West Virginia University, 1928-B.S. Theta Kappa Psi. GUSTAVE NEMHAUSER 1957 Second Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1926-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa. ABRAHAM ALEXANDER NEUWIRTH 1491 Vyse Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. HAROLD L. NOBLE 800 Locust Avenue, Fairmont, West Virginia West Virginia University, 1928-A.B., B.S. fMedicineJ. Phi Beta Pi, Theta Chi. JULIUS A. OSHLAG 29 East 80tl't Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Beta Delta. ROSTER OF THE JUNIOR CLASS MARCUS D. PARIS 11 Elizabeth Street, South Norwalk, Conn. New York University, 1927-B.S. Beta Lambda Sigma. BENJAMIN POLUSKY nth Street Brooklyn New York 1615 East Te , , New York University, 1926-B.S. ADOLPH POSNER 4315 12th Avenue, Brooklyn, New York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. ARTHUR PRINCE 145 W. Sidney Ave., Mount Vernon, N. Y. New York University, 1923-B.C.S. Sigma Lambda Pi, Mu Sigma Delta. EVERETT WILLIAM PROBST 19 Hasbrouck Place, Rutherford, New Jersey Lafayette College, 1926-B.S. Phi Alpha Sigma, Kappa Delta Rho, Alpha Phi Omega. EMANUEL J. RICHTER - 1358 Clay Avenue, New York City niversit 1927 BS Phi New York U ' y, - . . Lambda Kappa, Beta Lambda Sigma. A LEON ROSENBERG 2160 Mapes Avenue, New York City C. C. N. Y., 1924-B.S. Tau Epsilon Phi. BENJAMIN B. ROSENTHAL 306 East 51st Street, Brooklyn, New York ' C. C. N. Y., 1-926-B.S. SIDNEY RUBENFELD 1335 West Seventh Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa. SAMUEL HAROLD RUBINFELD 910 East 179th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Tau Epsilon Pi, Beta Sigma, Violet Business Board QI, 2, 3J. ROBERT A. SAVITT 164 East 114th Street, New York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma. FREDERICK SCHWARTZ 113 Lynch Street, Brooklyn, New 'York ' New York University, 1927-B.S. ISIDORE RICHARD SCHWARTZ 1541 41st Street, Brooklyn, New York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma, ' Dance Committee fl, 2J. ' EMANUEL SCHWEITZER 442 Melrose Avenue, Toledo, Ohio University of Toledo, B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa. MICHAEL SCIMECA 176 High Street, Brooklyn, New York New York University, 1926-B.S. ABRAHAM A. SHERMAN 420 35th Street, Union City, New Jersey C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Delta Mu Alpha. NORMAN R. SHULACK 1040 Simpson Street, New York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Beta Lambda Sigma, Violet Art Board fl, 2, 3J, Class Dance Com' J mittee fl, 2, SJ. ALONZO RUSSELL SIDELL New Martinsville, West Virginia West Virginia University, 1927-B.S. Theta Kappa Psi. JOSEPH ROBERT SILVERSTEIN 244 East 196th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1924-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma. ABRAHAM ALFRED SOLOMON 4 2910 West 22nd Street, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi 'Delta Epsilon, Pi Gamma Alpha. MAX LEON SOM 1 777 Newark Avenue, Jersey City, New Jersey New York University, 1926-B.S. Alpha Lambda Phi. DAVID HASKELL SPOTKOV ' 739 East Sixth Street, New York City ' New York University, Sigma Lambda. EDWARD THEODORE SPUNT . 115 West 197th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Kappa Nu, Dance Committee QZJ. f MARIO STELLA 272 Bleecker Street, New 'York City Y New York University, 1927-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu. ARTHUR SIMPSON STRAUSS 374 Mamaroneck Avenue, White Plains, N. Y. Cornell University, 1926-B.A. Phi Delta Epsilon, Assistant Editor of Violet. MARY MARJORY THOMSON 30 Madeline Parkway, Yonkers, New York Bryn Mawr, A.B, Zeta Phi, Secretary fl, 1927--B.S. Alpha 2, 3J. RUBIN TUBOWITZ 609 Hendrix Street, Brooklyn, New York New- York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa, Alpha Omega Alpha, Dance Committee QI, 21. GWEDY Q. VELLOZZI 130 Midland Avenue, Yonkers, New York New York University, 1926-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu, Dance Committee EDWARD JOSEPH WALTER 155 West Main Street, Port Jervis, New York Cornell University, 1925-A.B. LOUIS MILES WIENER 60 East 103rd Street, New York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi, Class Dance Committee fl, 3J. ALBERT H. WINTERS 112 Cohasset Street, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania New York University, 1926-B.S. Nu Sigma Nu, Psi Upsilon, Phi Beta Kappa, Alpha Omega Alpha, Beta Lambda Sigma, Dance Committee QI, 2J. BERNARD MAURICE ZUSSMAN 64 West 182nd Street, New York City C. C. N. Y., 1925-B.S., Columbia, 1926 -M.A. 180 f 4 . v """', ""' . N: 'xx A vnxf ,. 1 .J K x "X, 5 0 'f 1 YQ' . "x if Nxxs ' X-2 X 'wr mm-,.1 f - :QM4f i I , J -,.....f...---1 1 B X 5 W ix i I Class of 1931 FREDERICK R. SMALL BENJAMIN SANDLER President VicefPreside'nt MARY A. PAOLONE CHARLES A. CONNOR Secretary Treasurer THE SOPHOMORE He knows the dose of atropine, The action of each drug, The rationale of morphineg The name of every bug. The constituents of urine Seem to run in endless stream,- As drugged crazed dogs and rabbits, Tear in upon his dream. 182 ' Class of 1931 ' ' lAN,Y and m3UY at YC-af ago-yes, it seems so. For how could one forget his Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microfanatomy, and Physiology in a shorter period of time than we, the most unpromising class of 1931 fpage Dr. Gettlerjp' We were initiated into the Arts and Mysteries of the study of Medicine. The Mysteries remain to be solved. Of the Arts, bridge 1S the most popular. 9? We labored mightily in lab and lecturefhall, taking respite only for gag: . our most successful banquet in the fall and the dance in the spring. 'I gmh 1' Alas, it was of no avail. The finals were not to be eluded. But our's ll" ll 'f 1 . A 1.51 was a vigorous offense and we gained our objective with exceedingly few N CENT casualties. Indeed, a record to be proud of. Our greatest regret was that we were unable to hear Professor Mandel lecture for the greater part of the year due to his poor health. Of other records, we must be credited with smashing two panes of glass in the anatomy lab and a HighfUrine mark of 4.2 liters-Whoopee! 4. INTERLUDE The vacation passed all too soon. But we were glad to be back and continue upon our life-work again. Old friendships were renewed and new acquaintances made. We were early afflicted with that brotherly disease-pledgitis, which has def veloped into a chronic fraternititis as shown by the great display of sparkling fraternity pins. Physiology with its tachycardia and auricular flutter made us delve into our texts again. Two new men, Professor Smith and Dr. Yager, expounded theories and facts to us. The cats and dogs masqueraded as rabbits and frogs. Dr. Darlington, in his remarkable dissertations, unveiled the shroud cloaking the science of Pathology. Still, what is meant by "Pathological Significance?" "Mystery is dispelled and truth revealed by the aseptic scalpel"-fDr. Walkerj. Judging by this statement not much truth was revealed, for our scalpels were far from aseptic. However, we know more types of stitches than the ordinary seamstress. So thoroughly have we mastered the arts of inspection, palpation, percussion, and auscultation and so assiduously have we practised them ion a loaf of breadj that we can diagnose any of the diseases of man. Yea, even those not known. Early in the year, we selected the officers of the class and planned our round of social activities. In appreciation of his fine work last year as chairman of the banquet, Fred Small was elected President. His aides are Ben Sandler, Vicefpresident, Mary Paolone, Secretary, and Charles Connor, Treasurer. Our first affair was the annual banquet. There was plenty to eat and lots more to drink. And then followed a dance in the Spring. And in its turn came the second trimester and we were confronted with the bugaboos of Pharmacology and Bacteriology. But they were only two of the obstacles in this race we call life. 183 Roster of the Sophomore Class SAMUEL ABELOWITZ EDGAR HODGINS BATES 1605 Nelson Avenue, New 'York City 174 Crosman Terrace, Rochester, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. University of Rochester, 1927-A.B. HENRY ALICANDRI l Nu Sigma Nu, Delta Kappa Epsilon. 8761 24th Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York SIDNEY DAVID BECKER New York University, 1928-B.S. Theta 351 Sixeteenth Avenue, Newark, N. I. Kappa Psi. New York University, 1928-B.S., Colum' DAVID ALTMAN bia, PH.G, 1924. Phi Delta Epsilon, Rho 923 Second Avenue, Astoria, Long Island Pi Phi. Alfred University, 1928-B.S. BENJAMIN BENDER Phi Lambda Kappa. 980 Metropolitan Avenue, Brooklyn, N. 'Y. KALMAN, APFEL C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Phi Lambda 1995 Creston Avenue, Bronx, New 'York Kappa, Phi Beta Kappa. C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. SAMUEL I. BERENSON WILLIAM SOL ANAPOELL 280 West 113th Street, New 'York City 234 Warburton Avenue, Yonkers, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. New York University, 1928-B.S. Alpha HYMAN BLUME Mu Sigma. 941 'Tiffany Street, Bronx, New 'York DEMETRIUS K. APOSTLE C. C. N. Y., 1926--B.S. Sigma Omega 2251 West Seventh Street, Brooklyn, N. 'Y. Psi, Phi Beta Kappa, Vice-President, 1927f Columbia, 1926-A.B. Theta Kappa Psi, 28. h Sigma Phi Epsilon. HAROLD BRANDALEONE HARRY ARONOWITZ 125 East 63rd Street, New 'York City 183 South 21st Street, Irvington, N. I. New York University, 1928. Phi Delta New York University, 1928-B.S. Epsilon, Phi Sigma Delta. 184 CHARLES EDWARD BRENNAN 248 Garfield Place, Brooklyn, New York Rutgers University, 1926-B.S. Nu Sigma Nug Ivy Club. MAX BRICKNER 159 Ridge Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. WILLIAM BROWN 1150 Sterling Place, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. JACOB H. BUCHBINDER 2944 Middletown Road, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Tau Epsilon Phi. CHARLES FRANCIS CELLA 335 Hamilton Avenue, Trenton, N. J. New York University, 1928-B.S. Theta Kappa Psi. SALVATORE JOSEPH CHIARCHIARO 569 Eleventh Avenue, Astoria, Long Island New York University, 1927-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu. IRVING CHRISMAN 408 Ellison Street, Paterson, New Jersey New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi, Sigma Beta Phig Caducear: Society. EMANUEL MILTON COHEN 58 East 106th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Ph! Lambda Kappa, Caducean Society. SIDNEY PECK COHEN 89 Christopher Street, New 'York City New York University, 1926-B.Sc., M.Sc Omega Pi Alpha. MILTON COHN I 105 Brandywine Avenue, Schenectady, N. 'Y. Union College, 1923-B.S. Zeta Beta Tau. MICHAEL MONTE COMPARATO 612 East 180th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. CHARLES ASHLEY RICHARD CONNOR, II 87 West 103rd Street, New 'York City 1 Holy Cross, 1927-A.B. Omega Upsilon Phi. ZACHARY ROBERT COTTLER 1709 East Seventh Street, Brooklyn, N- 'Y- New York University, 1928-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma. MORTIMER DANZER 216 Clinton Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'YUTR , Columbia, 1928-A.B. 1926-A.M. Phi Alpha, Beta Lambda Sigma. LOUIS DANZIS 715 High Street, Newark, New lei'-952' Cornell University, 1927-A.B. Phi Delta Epsilon. VINCENT ANTHONY DEL VECCHIO 3200 Webster Avenue, New 'York City Columbia, 1928-A.B. JOHN SALVATORE D'ESOPO I 4070 Barnes Avenue, New 'York City D New York University. Theta Kappa P515 Alpha Phi Delta. 5 MOPERES DICKSTEIN 4 urnont Avenue, Broo l n, ew 'Y New York University, 1l92y8-l1gl,S, ml' EBERHARD OTTO ALIOUS DITTRICH 35IV?ayh 32nd Street, Brooklyn, New 'York an attan, 1925-B.A. Ph' ' . Phi Rho Pi. 1 Alpha time CHARLES DARWIN ENSELBERG 216 East Tenth Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B,S, CHARLES CLIFFORD FALK, JR. 273 H Stget, Eureka, California regon niversit , 1926-A.B. Nu Si m Nu: Delta Upsilolh. g a MILTON FEIG 426 East Fifth Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B,S, Phi Lambda Kappag Phi Kappa Delta. WILLIAM FEIRING 167 Avenue A, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. IRVING FELDBERG 970 East 221st Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. SAMUEL FELDER 104 Avenue O, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. JULIUS FERN 258 Rivington Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Caduf cean Society. HYMAN MEYER KINKELSTEIN 1366 Lyman Place, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Phi Beta Kappag Beta Lambda Sigma. LAWRENCE B. GANG 1895 University Avenue, Bronx, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilong Phi Sigma Delta, Beta Lambda Sigma. FRANK CONO GENOVESE 42f28 65th Street, Woodside, Long Island New York University, 1927-B.S. Theta Kappa Psi, Beta Lambda Sigma. MORRIS GOLDMAN 134 Godwin Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi. ERNST FRIEDRICK GOLDSCHMIDT 100 Gunhill Road, New 'York City Mainz fGermanyJ, 1911-Abiturium CBSJ Ph.D. fMunichJ, 1915, J.D. fHeidelbergJ, 1919. JOSEPH ANTHONY PAPALIA 314 Central Avenue, Union City, N. J. Fordham University, 1927-B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi. JOSEPH ANTHONY PORCELLO 911 Aevnue U, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi: Dance Committee 121. SIDNEY GREENGRASS 104 Division Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1927-B.S, Cadu' cean Society. EMANUEL PETER LAMOTTA 335 East 24th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.Sc. NATHAN MICHAEL GREENSTEIN 1147 Hoe Avenue, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma, Phi Beta KEPPH- LOUIS LANDAW 496 Eleventh Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey New York Universitv.-1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi, Phi Beta Kappa, Beta Lambda Sigma. ' EVANGEL GRIVELIS ' 499 West 135th Street, New Turk City C. C. N. Y, 327-B.S. MORTON H. HAND B H N T R 1674 K nmore ace, roo yn, ew or ' New eYork University, B.S. SAMUEL FRANK LEGATO HAROLD HANTMAN 49 Farley Avenue, Newark, New Jersey 214 Warren Avenue, Palisade, New Jersey Neyvlxork Unilxgersity, 1928-B.S. Lambda k U . . , BIS. Ph D 1 Phi u, Tau appa Beta. New YO' "W""'y 1 C 'a SIDNEY HERMAN LICHT 245 West 104th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. SAMUEL HARRIS LITTENBERG 1624 Carroll Street, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1927-B.S. Epsilon, Caducean Society. PHILIP TODD HOLLAND 514 N. College, Bloomington, Indiana ashin ton State. 1927-B.S. Nu Sigma W e Nu, Sigma Chi. FRANCES HOLMES 3 Devonshire Street, WinstonfSalem, N. C. GEORGE FRANCIS LONG, JR. Dflke UUlVCf5ltYv 1926"A-B- Alpha Delta 92f13 Lamont Avenue, Elmhurst, Long Island P1: Phl Slema- o. C. N. Y., 1927-Bs. Nu sigma Nu. HENRY HORN HAROLD STEWART MCBURNEY 136 West 168th Street, New 'York City New York University, B.S.--1928. Nu Sigma Sigma Nu, Tau Kappa Beta, Banquet, WACLAW IMPERT Dance QU, Violet Dance QU, Class Presi' 2336 Davidson Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Zeta Beta Tau, Beta Lambda dent QU, Stewart Bust Committee. 294 Stockton Street, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, B.S. Caducean WILLIAM A- MAGRIN0 Society 365 68th Street, Brooklyn, New 'York LEWIS JACOBS New York University, B.S. 715 Riverside Drive, New 'York City WAYLAND HOGEBOOM, MASON, JR. Norwich, New 'York Y k U' ' , 1928-B.S. Ph' New or mverslty 1 University of Rochester, 1922-A.B. 'Nu D 1 E 'l , Z B T . JACOB t'l7VIEljI'A1M KPiHNTta au Sigma Nu, Psi Upsilon, Dance Committee 57 H' ks Stre t, Brooklyn, New 'York Ul- " ' 1927-asc. Phi Delta HARRY MOST 204 East 113th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., Epsilon, Tau Delta Phi. SAMUEL KARLINSKY New York University, 1927-B.S. Phi Beta 459 Shefield Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York Kappa? Beta Lambda Sigma- C. o. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Phi Bm Kappa. JOSEPH ERNEST MOTT 281 East 30th Street, Paterson, New Jersey New York University, 1927--B.S. Theta Kappa Psi, Alpha Phi Delta, Chairman, Banquet Comm. QU. FRANK HENRY NETTER 1 Marble Hill Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Art Staff, Violet QD. MARY ANN PAOLONE 1935 Ellis Avenue, New 'York City Hunter College, 1927-A.B. Zeta. Phi, Class Secretary 12.1. JOSEPH ANTHONY PAPALIA ......314 Central Avenue, Union City, New Jersey Fordham University, 1927-B.S. Omega Upsilon Psi. HARRY HARVEY KAUFMAN 850 Longwood Avenue, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi, Caducean Society. FRANCIS H. KECKEISSEN 220 East Tremont Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 192.7-A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Pi Kappa Alpha. MENDEL KLEPPER 109 Belmont Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York BENJAMIN KOSSIN 1181 Walton Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi, Beta Lambda Sigma. CHARLES EDWARD KOSSMANN 240 Palmetto Street, Brooklyn, New 'York JOSEPH ANTHONY PORCELLO New York University, 1928-B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi. SIMON KRANTZ 164 Ward Street, New Haven, Conn. Yale, 1927-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa. 911 Avenue U, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi, Dance Committee 92-13 Lamont Avenue, Elmhurst, Long Island f'l ff' X-N vs. W. fr. E , w M fi , Ca . A -fa-Y . wi sas K 5 ,.- X ,, wrwrgf. J, ' 5 15+-. C-TX. l 3 Tis? ' fi .f if-fiff-11 Ni,-7 "if" igwyll 'v4':1fZW , f C5123-3.ai,f1g3:,' 1 gg:-1:3 xxxxfiffifg, J VN!! ij lr ,Q :aj ,TEE H Q, ,jr iq Q3 V,f- X-.cm-ma Q f' .....fZ ' 74 N.f'253rwl A6-Qfkriy f'.,-.S,A,QffjA QQSQH' N5 f'ltXe:iff" 'X-----3 fl V, D...-3 I, V ,Q 5 , ,, . , .-M., xG:...,,. ft' ef Fl XgXXE!gq.,f,4e- L Aff - ,gfj ll' be A ' l 'N f' ef' I V 186 l I ' x WZ l 5' J 9 1 J ANTHONY T. PRIVITERA 214 East 107th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu, Class Comm. 11, 21. ABRAHAM PUTTERMAN 1840 76th Street, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. JOSHUA JESSE RABINOWITZ 1517 St. Jol1n's Place, Brooklyn, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma, Class Comm. 11, 21. STANTON ALEXANDER RAHLIN 257 Tlzroop Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. NINA LINCOLN RAYEVSKY 75 Chestnut Street, Liberty, New 'York Barnard College, 1927-A.B. Zeta Phi. LOUIS RAZINSKY 2726 Cruger Avenue, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa, Dance Committee 11, 21. BENJAMIN RITTER 32 Sorrento Street, Springfield, Mass. New York University, 1923-B.S. ALBERTO RIVERO 600 West 140tl1 Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S., Nu Sigma Nu, Beta Lambda Sigma, Phi Beta Kappa, Dance Committee 111. ARTHUR JOSEPH ROBERTS, JR. 1962 University Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. Pi Kappa Alpha, Nu Sigma Nu, Dance Com' mittee 111. PAUL SALVATORE ROMANO 2423 Prospect Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Alpha Phi Sigma, Beta Lambda Sigma, Banquet Committee. . SIDNEY ROSENBLIETT 1675 47tl1 Street, Brooklyn, New 'York 19- C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Sigma Omega si. KEEVE ROSENTHAL 149 W. Tremont Avenue, New 'York City Omega Psi, Beta Lambda Sigma. New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma JACK ROSOFF New 'York City Ohio State University. Phi Delta Epsilon. SELIG J. ROSS 1937 66tl1 Street, Brooklyn, New York New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi. ALBERT BRUCE SABIN 575 Broadway, Paterson, New Jersey New York University-B.S. BENJAMIN SALWAY 12?iuIgag:.ipegon Street, Trenton, New'Jersey 8 mversity, 1927-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Phi Epsilon Pi, Phi Beta Kappa, Banquet COH1- 111, Chairman, Dance Com. 121. JOSEPH F. SANDELLA R.F.D. No. 1, Princeton, New Jersey C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi, Banquet Com. 111. BEN SANDLER 901 East 179th Street, New' 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Class Treasurer 111, VicefPresident 121. EDWARD SANTORA 379 Hopkins Avenue, Astoria, Long Island New York University, 1928-B.S. Omega Upsilon Phi, Banquet Com. 121. MAX THEODORE SAX 74 Maple Avenue, Newark, New Jersey New York University, 1927-B.S., Colum' bia Pharmacy, 1923-Ph.G. beta Lambda Sigma, Banquet Com. 111. SYLVESTER SIEGFRIED SCHATTEN 56 Fort Washington Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. LEE HAROLD SCHLESINGER 5866 Burchfield Avenue, Pittsburgh, Pa. University of Pennsylvania, 1927-B.S. WILLIAM A. SCHONFELD 30 West 181st Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi. ABRAHAM SCHONHOLTZ 142 Sujtolk Street, New 'York City New York University, 1927-B.S. HARRY SCHORR 376 South Second Street, Brooklyn, N. 'Y. C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Phi Delta Pi. ALBERT MARTIN SCHWARTZ 56 East 87th Street, New 'York City I New York University, 1928-B.S. Phi Delta Epsilon, Dance Com. 111. SOLOMON SCHWARTZ 308 Glenmore Avenue, Brooklyn, N- T- C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Phi Beta Kappa. SAMUEL PERRY SCHWARTZFARUB 1173 Nelson Avenue, New 'York City New York University. JOHN JOSEPH SCOTT 6 Zerman Place, Weehawken, New 167555 FordhamRUniversity, 1927-B.S. ED SHEE FR707 Montgomery Street, Brooklyn, New TOTE New York University, 1928-B.S. VINCENT MICHAEL SHIELDS 8919 Shore Court, Brooklyn' New York Fordham University, 1927-B.S. MEYER SILVERZWEIG I 480 East 173111 sweet, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Phi Beta Kappa- 1 .,gfi,. vs - "5 aN ,3 ""' LN. 'r' "-- A-N 1,9 Nw Q ll iv 1 Ai"?'X'iP' C .xlSPl'!iCySr' PDR L 'Tx -fy? I 2,-PM C'-lx ll lf K' . ff--'-N--1A 1 L45 li xyffif-.5 Irie-3 --am my GX ... N ' TRS-J 4'w'f1 I 'TV"'7X-""'f gr-"JI G "Crux 1. WVAN ' .-.1 . -.5 , . -1 1. J . 4 LN. N. ,, , lm-73" Bbq-b rfipb-fxa a . '-f 11,11 -k '2 NH- ' ---'Rr Nl R'--f YQ-'an y6'f'9' , WZ, xc 2 lZ.:,f-N ,,xQ'Egr- if, D gf A -X-1 4 ,xigigfgqgi ,, 1 J 'Ns 187 l 1 1 l l I l l MAX SLUTSKY PHIUPSTRAX , 1 273 Marteuse Street, Brooklyn, New 'York 965' Simpson Street, New 'York City New York University, 1928--B.S. New York University, 1928-B.S. Phi 5' FREDERIC5 SIPQAIEL Beta Kappag Dance Comm. QZJ. Newbmg 5 ew . 07. HAROLD BERNARD TRACHTENBERG Cplumbla Urlwerslty' 19277'A'B'E .Fu 20 Laurel Hill Terrance, New 'York City l Sigma Nu, Sigma Alpha Epsilon, psi on New York University 19285135 Ph, 1' Psi Epsilong Chairman, Banquet Comm. QU, Delta Epsilon, Kappa ,Nw Dance 'Com 1 L Class President QD. my ' ' m' l EDWARD LOUIS SMALLEN ' ' 25' Sylvan Avenue, New Haven, Conn. LEONARD TUSHNET Yale University, 1927-B.S. 1733? West lk3tlbStreet, Brooklyn, New 'York l SAMUEL SOBER ew or niversity, 1928-B.S. Ph' ' 1841 Loring Place, New 'York City Lambda Kappa. 1 li C. C. N. Y., 1927-A.B. I DAVID ISRAEL soLoMoN IESSERVZQH ,lf?,3l,Agt,2f,?ffgU1:'ll?YR k C, Q, 2448 University Avenue, New 'York City . 1 OT tty , il . . New York University 1928-B.S. Phi C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Columbia Uni' Delta E Silon. Zeta Bets Tau. V. 1 t D lf versity, 1927-M,A. Banquet Comm. Comm IRD ' ' 108 ance EARL DEWITT STAGE ' ' Q 601 Clinton Avenue, Newark, New Jersey CHARLES DANIEL WAHN , Franklin and Marshall, 1927-B.S. Nu Sigma 638 Eagle Avenue, New 'York City 3 Nu, Phi Sigma Kappag Banquet Comm. Manhattan College, 1926-B.S. Phi Alpha 4 nzwiisi 'STEIN Slgma' ' 1428 Second Avenue, New 'York City SAMUdELDWH1TE .Y . l New York University 1928-B.S. Sigma O"m"'gS' " 'lwe' .New 0"'l Clty . l - ' New York Universit 1928-B.S. Ph l . ya 1 Omega Psi, Banquet Comm. QZJ. , A1 h . P 3. Slgmag Banquet COIHH1. 4 759 East 17th Street, Brooklyn, New 'York SEYMOUR ZALLER 1 New York University, 1928-B.S. Alpha 367 West 12Otlt Street, New 'York City H Mu Slgmaz Banquet Comm, QU. C. C. N. Y., 1926-B.S. Tau Epsilon Phi. il GWVK9 l william 1-Xnihung iillagrinn , l ate, William Anthony mhkfpggg On this day our honored and beloved classm Magrino, has passed on to his final reward, be it ' g l d Bellevue Hospital EKPEUIUPDZ That the class of 1931 of the University an Medical College deeply feels its loss and will only with the greatest of difficulty ac' 1 custom itself to his absence. That a copy of this resolution be sent to the bereaved family of our departed ' f. classmate even though time alone may assuage their grie of this class and 'That a copy of these resolutions be incorporated in the minutes the issue of the Bellevue Violet of 1929. 1 l CLASS or 1931. 1 April 22, 1929. y 1' ,..f:::-sr-env' f' ,T """bL -, 1 3 Q 1 NL... ., . A f l ' 188 2-J .,....3 ..-f-"1 rf K. A ff- Y --N ,f - A '.,.,., .gn -JL,-A fx, K V X FRESHMEN X Y. J' ,1 , aw ,X ,Q ,fffffix N., ww Y , . Q ' H' ff ,f . Qiixxi -. ff' M .fx rj -X Y' V N , ami Y-..-Mfg kX,jQE 9 f9'3"'f'mz 1 -W V MF-" L 9, .4,f V f , I, 32, ,k', xp e 1 T VV,x k mx 4 E'A,4:1i,f N1 1-J Q: 'N '-,XL 37,3 1' ' VV, X gf .Q by Egiwzf J! .K V ' RL, ,fy Q-J' fi- 1! 1 w 1 R ,M 1,1 Fi 4 4 1 Class of 1932 JOSEPH jam. NATHAN WEXLER President VicefPresident EDNA SIMON PHILIP LADIN Secretary Treasurer THE FROSH Have you seen the oil lamp burning From the lone room on the hill, And an eager mind that's yearning To memorize at will: The bones that make the craniumg A carbohydrate diet. His mind's in pandemonium . . . His thoughts are in a riot. 190 The Class of 1932 555E5g:,,mn NE DAY, away back in September, we assembled in Carnegie Lecture Hall, ll our souls full of eagerness in that atmosphere of FLOATING MEDIf I CINE. Imbibed with the spirit of hard work rather than discourage' 2,5552 l ment, after listening to the enormous hardships and viscissitudes suffered E EEE ' by that species of man, The Freshman Medical Student, we prepared for I the oncoming grind. -With our heads bent low and our shoulders hunched over our occiputs, we mowed into the maze of bones upon gg ' E bones and reaped the harvest of producing onefhalf as many failures in Mgr' Osteology as in previous years. I g u 51 X 5-' And then, with our first milestone behind us, we plunged 1nto 5 Q4 learning about women from her, we industriously strove towards that n X I . H ,, y -A farfaway goal-that elusive perfectly clean testftube 3 and most zealously t - of all did we attempt to differentiate simple squamous epithelium from Vifii a 12 mm. pig. Following the precedent laid down by our hoary ancestors, the class of '32 inter- rupted its mad search for medical knowledge long enough to elect class officers. Thereupon followed the taking of the class picture for the Bellevue Violet. Dr. Gett- ler, being sympathetic with our desire of "breaking into" the 1929 Violet, excused us fifteen minutes before the hour for that hilarious event. The class reciprocated the 191 , "' L"TTT'-'Y . Xsaa ' V ' ff? if-1" "1-. 44, .r J X ..re 71 - 1 , ft . next day by permitting U Dr. Gettler to terminate his mi nutes before time to have his picture snapped. - And then the Freshman Banquet! Instilled with the fear of Dr. Thackston's threat, representatives of '32 joyfully assembled at the Casserta Gardens. After an evening beset with "sequestered and monastic existencesf' the mysterious disappear' ance of a certain speech, and a persistent exponent of the noble experiment snooping l d back to the humdrum, patiently awaiting the Christmas around the tables, we sett e Holidays. They came-and they passed l Ah, well! Will our day ever come when we, too, will be called "DUMB INTOINESH? Roster of the Freshman Class STANLEY, ALEXANDER 148fO9 86 Avenue, Jamaica, New 'York New York University, 19225--B.S. Tau Delta Phi. SAMUEL ROBERT BERK 60 Liberty Avenue, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1929-B.S. Caducean Society. SAMUEL BERNSTEIN 481 East 174th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1929-B.S. GUSTAVE M. BERO 75 West 85th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1929-B.S. NICHOLAS ALBERT BERTHA Fern Avenue, Wharton, New Jersey New York University, 1928-B.S. Nu Sigma Nu. L. RODMAN BLOCK 546 Highland Avenue, Johnstown, Pa. Illllniversity of Pittsburgh, 1927-B.S. Kappa u. REMO CANCELLIERI 2354 Prospect Avenue, New 'York City New York University, 1929. JOSEPH PAUL CARONNA 319f21 East 13th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1929-B.S. Caducean Society. JOSEPH PETER CARROLL 565 West 167th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Nu Sigma Nu. ANTHONY JOSEPH CERRATO 2062 Bissell Avenue, Bronx, New 'York C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Theta Kappa Psi. DANIEL SALVATORE CIERI 506 Twelfth Street, Union City, New Jersey New York University, 1929-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu. nw.. of" . . EUGENE F. CLARK 3546 Ninetieth Street, Jackson Heights, N. 'Y. Cornell, 1925--A.B. RALPH EDWARD CONANT 275 Ascan Avenue, Forest Hills, Long Island Princeton, 1928-A.B. Phi Alpha Sigma, Chairman, '32 Banquet. JOSEPH EDWARD CORSO 122 Warwick Street, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1928-B.S. Theta Kappa Psi. ANTHONY JOSEPH CRISCILLO 2328 Hughes Avenue, Bronx, New 'York Fordham, 1928-A.B. MORTON L. DAVIDSON 320 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1929--B.S. JULIETTE LOUISE DESPERT 129 Lexington Avenue, New 'York City Barnard, 1928-A.B. MICHAEL SALVATORE DIMINO 377 Broome Street, New 'York City St. John's, 1928--B.S. Alpha Iota Delta. DUMANIS ABRAHAM 3073 Coney Island Avenue, Brighton Beach, N. 'Y. C. C. N, Y., University of Illinois, 1927, 1928-B.S.g M.S. THEODORE J. EDLICH, JR. 155 East 45th Street, New 'York City New York University, 1929-B.SC. Phi Alpha Sigma. ELI EISENBERG 69f83 Bay 29th Street, Brooklyn, New 'York New York University, 1929-B.Sc. Phi Lambda Kappa. JAMES HALSTED EWINC J 103 East 29th Street, New 'York City. University of Virginia, 1927. Kappa Beta Phi, Alphau Tau Omega. I--.N l s I ' . mgse- M -5L,.::'ff7'i'2a ' i xg--.I K A, ,gf ' A , J I , ,HA 0 -'ff' 7.51, , "f 1'-:fig time Q5 ' i' l kX..,.-S-4-fn. Xa ,K 1 . FQVPM Af l 192 ,J r ...pig f ,Q,,-faif-7 ,,-Q-vi, 'N ' --- Q X V- -L I,- ,. X . ,K fx . . f - YVY, -. ,I ,, . .1 . , , , -. f. . - -. Z., ,f f 1 ,-Lg" 1 A . 5 'X 'J-re ,ff r Q f F' f' ii-. --"Q --"flif,f 1-sim 1, . I ' "' MY' . QTL.. fl 7' " :A ft' 1 X ' ,Ag ' '-sf. ,Qxw vu. Ar,..f"' .3 H f' BENJAMIN FABRICANT 1117 Westchester Avenue, New York City. C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa. HELEN KNOX FERGUSON 508 Montauk Avenue, New London, Conn. Con. College for Women, 1925-B.Sc. SAMUEL FEINBERG 322 South Fifth Street, Brooklyn, New York. New York University, 1929-B.S. Caducean Society. KARL FISCHBACH 4111 Highland Avenue, Sea Gate, New York. Cornell Er? Columbia, 1927f28-B.A., M.A. Alpha Epsilon Pi. DOROTHY FOGEL . 287 Bay 14th Street, Brooklyn, New York. Barnard, 1928-A.B. WILLIAM NICHOLAS FOSCO 2404 Crotona Avenue, Bronx, New York. New York University, 1929-B.S. Phi Alpha Sigma, Beta Lambda Sigma. ABRAHAM FREED 1168 Conn. Avenue, Bridgeport, Conn. New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi. A. VJALTER FREIREICH 1522 East 19th Street, Brooklyn, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. LEON ARTHUR FRIEDMAN 525' East 146th Street, New York City. Columbia, 1929-A.B. Alpha Epsilon Pi. LEWIS J. FROMER East Norwalk, Conn. New York University, 1929-B.Sc. HARRY LESTER FULTON 462 45th Street, Brooklyn, New York. New York University, 1929-B.S. Phi Kappa Alpha. GILBERT E. GANONG Carmel, New York. State Teacher's College, 1928-A.B. Kappa Alpha Psi, Kappa Phi Kappa. CHARLES JOSEPH GARITY 446 115th Street, Richmond Hill, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Phi Alpha Sigma. SAMUEL IRVING GERTNER 1137 Third Avenue, New T01'k City. West Virginia University, 1928-A.B, Phi Lambda Kappa, Banquet Com., 1928. DELISLE FITZGERALD GILKES 23 Spencer Place, Brooklyn, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928-A. B. Phi Beta Kappa. ARTHUR HARVEY GLIGK 1126 Ward Avenue, Bronx, New York. ' New York University, 1929-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi. SOLOMON GLOTZER ' 81 Chrystie Street, New York City. New York University, 1928-B.S. Omega Phi Lambda. LEONARD BLAINE GOLDMAN 1739 Popham Avenue, Bronx, New York. C. C, N. Y., 1928-B.S. ARTHUR GORDON 360 East 55th Street, New York City. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.Sc. Phi Beta Kappa. DAVID JOSEPH GRAUBARD 482 clgort Washington Avenue, New York ity. New York University, 1929-A.B. Zeta Beta Tau. PHILIP SAMUEL GREENBAUM 1360 Theriot Avenue, Bronx, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. EDWARD DAVID GREENBERGER 291 Madison Street, Passaic, New Jersey. New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi. JOHN GROOPMAN 443 St. Ann's Avenue, New York City. New York University, 1929-B.S. Beta Lambda Sigma. ELLIOT HOCHSTEIN 1344 Elder Avenue, Bronx, New York. Columbia, 1928-A.B. Alpha Epsilon Pi, Phi Beta,Kappa. A. GERSON HOLLANDER 382 Monroe Street, Brooklyn, New York. New York University, 1929-B.S. Tau Epsilon Phi. WEAVER OSCAR HOWARD 120 Fifth Avenue, West Cape May, N. J. Rutgers University, 1928-B.Sc. Phi Beta Kappa. MURRAY PERCIVAL ISRAEL 8843 87th Street, Woodhaven, Long Island. New York University, 1928-B.S. Alpha Lambda Phi. JOSEPH R. JEHL Clifton, New Jersey. New York University, 1929-B.Sc. Presi' dent, Class of 1923, Violet Dance Com' mittee. PHILIP MILTON JOFFE 350 Belmont Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey. New York University, 1929-B.Sc. Phi Lambda Kappa, Beta Lambda blgllla. SIDNEY HAROLD JOFFE 350 Belmont Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey, New York University, 1929-B.Sc. Phi Lambda Kappa, Beta Lambda Sigma. ALEXANDER KAISER 2327 Grand Concourse, New York City. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa. LAWRENCE GORDONSON KAPLAN 1403 Nelson Avenue, New York City. G. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. X ,M 13. .ffm f' fer kai.. ,f--4 fi-DQ ,ii f,f,gfs1Vfez'r 'Nj , 'nfl ll WAY? M CLR-1 ,fr fe-Xu rf seee Ma fpiwf-pffsf asf ia iX7'PllW .M f ofyazfqib. l 52.3, xg Llffglp l l'x,'-52,515-1',1Jxf'jy -AI fgmipilfr -Jfgxgriyihf xx-,,.,,3 1--3. -5 tee eeees sears V YWYIJISTN A r at . pf if fl ,VT "s'Q:.:.MMf-Q. 'ahve-Zrffff ff Q' G Ns, Hfa.f:-elf J 'fs 193 e .ff L,YVV' I ax J!! LOUIS KAPLAN 503 Boulevard, Bayonne, New Jersey. ew York University 1925, Columbia, N , 1929-Ph.G., B.S. Caducean Society. ROBERT HAROLD KAROTKIN Hartford, Conn. New York University, 1929-B.S. MORRIS KATZ 382 .Quincey Street, Brooklyn, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. HAROLD WALTON KECHNER 32 West 82nd Street, New York City. Cornell University, 1928--A.B. Banquet Committee, 1928. WILLIAM THOMAS KNIGHT, JR. 63 Prospect Avenue, Oradell, New Jersey. Brown University, 1928-Ph.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Sigma Chi. EDWARD J. KOMORA 214 East 83rd Street, New York City. Fordham University, 1928-A.B. JOSEPH LOUIS KOSTECKI 687 Wythe Avenue, Brooklyn, New York. Brown University, 1928-Ph.B. Phi A Alpha Sigma. GEORGE J. KRAUNZ 3621 Dit-mars Blvd., Astoria, Long Island. New York University, 1929-B.S. Cadu' cean Society. JOSEPH M. KRIMSKY 444 Crown Street, Brooklyn, New York. Columbia College, 1929-B. A. PHILIP LADIN 1752 'Topping Avenue, New York City. New York University, 1929-B.S. Tau Ep- silon Phi, Treas., First Year Class. JULIAN SANFORD LANE 1219 Madison Avenue, New York City. New York University, 1928-B.S. Alpha Beta Phi. ELIAS ALFRED LAZAROWITZ 30 Clarke Place, New York City. New York University, 1929. LEO A. LIEBERMAN 2209 Ocean Parkway, New York City. Cornell University, 1928-A.B. Phi Beta Kappa. DAVID LEVINE 573 East 141st Street, Bronk, New York New York University, 1929-B.S. Beta Lambda Phi, Caducean Society. JACK LEVY Welch, West Virginia. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma, Banquet Committee. EDWARD E. LIVSHATZ 846 East 156th Street, New 'York City C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Delta Beta Phi. HYMAN LOCKSER 481 Wales Avenue, Bronx, New York. New York University, 1929-B.S. Cadu' cean Society. FELIX PETER LOIACONO 3425 DeKalb Avenue, Bronx, New York. Fordham University, 1928-A.B., Theta Kappa Psi, Kappa Delta Phi. EDWARD IRVIN MARGRETTEN 384 Park Avenue, Perth Amboy, New Jersey. Rutgers, 1928-B.Sc. Sigma Omega Psi, Phi Beta Kappa. NICHOLAS PETER MILANESE 742 Bartholdi Street, Bronx, New York. Franklin E+? Marshall, 1928-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu. BERNARD PEYSER MORGENSTERN 320 East 79th Street, New 'York City. Columbia, 1922-D.D.S. WILLIS ALOYSIUS MURPHY 616 West 116th Street, New 'York City. Columbia University, 1928-A.B. Beta Theta Pi. SPENCER MYERS 205 Main Street, Ossining, New York. Cornell University, 1928-B.A. Omega Alpha Tau, Phi Beta Kappa. ARTHUR NATHAN 996 Tifany Street, Bronx, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928--B.S. IRVING OCKO 2117 Grand Avenue, New York City. New York University, 1929-B.S. Cadu' caen Society. JOSEPH JOHN OLIVA 1575 West Sixth Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. Lafayette, 1928-B.S. ARTHUR CHARLES PARIENTE 851 West 177th Street, New York City New York University, 1929-B.S. Phi Sigma Delta, Freshman Banquet Com' mittee. ALWYN RAND 61 West 88th Street, New York City. New York Universtiy, 1929--B.S. Pi Lambda Phi. PAUL ERNEST RAUSCHENBACH Alpha Sigma. 225 Broadway, Paterson, New Jersey. New York University, 1929-B.S. Phi CHARLES ANTHONY RIBAUDO 202 Avenue A, New 'York City. New York University, 1929-B.S. Lambda Phi Mu, Alpha Lambda Upsilon. WILLIAM ABRAM RIEGEL, JR. 27 Front Street, Catasauqua, Pa. University Pennsylvania, 1925-A.B. Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Kappa Tau, Violet Dance Committee, '28, CHARLES MARTIAL ROEMAET Hollis, Long Island. C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.A. Nu Sigma Nu, Phi Sigma Kappa, Banquet Committee. ANTHONY JEROME ROSSI Fordham University, 1928-B.A. Lambda Phi Mu. ABRAHAM MORRIS ROSENBERG 284 Penn Street, Brooklyn, New York. 551 Logan Avenue, New York City C. C. N. Y., 1928. Phi Beta Kappa. N sv' , 3 ' I ' 5 ff,-k , - J - , ,., . f , 194 3? 1, X ff' ELI RUBENSTEIN 79 West 32nd Street, Bayonne, New Jersey. New York University, 1928-B.S. Sigma Omega Psi, Banquet Committee. HERMAN EDWARD RUBLER 140 Hooper Street, Brooklyn, New York. New York University, 1929-B.S. Caduf cean Society. WILFRED FLAVIO RUGGIERO 26 Temple Street, Brooklyn, New York. New York University, 1929-B.S. Lambda Phi Mug Banquet Committee. NICHOLAS LOUIS RUSSO 5554 Hudson Boulevard, North Bergen, N. J. New York University, 1928-B.Sc. Theta Kappa Psi, Freshman Banquet Committee. ABRAHAM MARVIN SANDS 1198 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, New York. Cornell University, 1928-A.B. Sigma Alpha Mu. BURNETT SCHAFF 91 Chester Avenue, Brooklyn, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Phi Beta Kappa. ROBERT V. SCHATKEN 318 Haven Avenue, New York City. Sew York University, 1928-A.B. Kappa u. ALBERT J. SCHEIN 172 Ralph Avenue, Brooklyn, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Phi Beta Kappa. ISRAEL A. SCHILLER 678 Lejferts Avenue, Brooklyn, New York. Cornell University, 1928-B.A. Phi Beta Kappa. BENJAMIN SCHWARTZ . 113 Lynch Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. New York University. SAMUEL SLOVAK 644 St. Mary's Street, New York City. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. MICHAEL SMITH 837 Longfellow Avenue. New York University. PERRY ARTHUR SPERBER 183 Somerset Street, Providence, R. I. Brown Univerhty, 1928-B.A. Phi Lambda Kappg. IRVING STARI14' 27 West 181st Street, New York City. . New York University. Tau Epsilon Phi. MAX H. STEIN 864 Troy Avenue, Brooklyn, New York. New York University. Sigma Omega Psig Caducean Society. ALEXANDER STEINBERG 433 East 33rd Street, Paterson, N. J. York Universit Si ma Omega Psi. New Y- Z MARGARET MARY SULLIVAN Fall River, Massachusetts. Trinity College, 1927-A.B.g A.M. LEON NATHANIEL SUSSMAN . 143 West 96th Street, New York City. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Phi Lambda Kappa, Violet Dance Committee. RX, SAMUEL LEWIS SWILLER 1996 East 26th Street, Brooklyn, New York. New York University. Sigma Omega Psig Caducean Society. IRVING TEPPERBERG 1803 Coney Island Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. Caducean Society. HELEN BROMLEY THOMPSON 351 East 30th Street, New York City. Syracuse University, 1925-A.B. ARNOLD TRIETMAN 1520 Sheridan Avenue, Bronx, New York. New York University. Sigma Lambda Pig Caducean Society. ROBERT BRUCE TWEEDY Winona, Minnesota. Dartmouth, 1928-A.B. Nu Sigma Nu' Kappa Kappa, Beta Alpha Phi. CHARLES K. WAINGER 219 West 13th Street, New York City. Cornell University, 1928-B.A. ESTHER WASSERMAN 94 Hoe Avenue, Bronx, New York. New York University, 1928-B.S. Ban' quet Committee, 1928. NATHAN WECHTER 2101 Morris Avenue, New York City. New York University, 1929. Sigma Omega Psi. DAVID I. WEINTROB 1092 DeKalb Avenue, Brooklyn, New York. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Alpha Mu Sigma. LOUIS SEYMOUR WERNER 46 First Avenue, New York City. Columbia, 1928-A.B. Phi Lambda Kappa. NATHAN WEXLER 239 New Lots Avenue, Brooklyn, New York. New York University. Sigma Omega Psi, Caducean Society. W. THEODORE WHEELER Boonville, New York. John B. Stetson Univ., 1928-B.S. MORTON WILLIAM WILLIS 3709 Grand Avenue, Astoria, Long Island. C. C. N. Y., 1927-B.S. CHARLES WOLF 1 1038 Willow Avenue, Hoboken, New Jersey. New York Universit . Phi Alpha Sigmag Y Freshman Banquet Committee. WILIAM W. WOOD 1132 Buffalo Avenue, Paterson, New Jersey. Wheaton College, Ill., 1928-B.S. Nu Sigma Nu. JOHN EDWARD ZAILSKY 2586 Fourth Street, Brooklyn, New York. New York University. Phi Alpha Sigma J. F. ZENDEL 305 East 40th Street, New York City. C. C. N. Y., 1928-B.S. Xi Delta Psi. JOSEPH ZISKIND t 109 West 120th Street, New York City. New York University. Caducean Society. K, I . - I u X let" - -.Ware--A C I PM it- I I' v . . A 1 W , J, V. , X .i.Y -4 gms, -,,,f , . . I 2 .4 L.. ,-. . Ley- , 165 -,,,, f- 1, I, 1 K A' "f,p ,. ,. 5 X .-az, ,K ,X .5 .WI ,Vx ' - 74 I 1 r , 4, jx ff' X. ,, W. , .I , in ri j fr 1, ,-Y f , f f ., . , Y 1 x-.,f-'ff' -. - ,f ,,,-- rw ,A -, . at .f Q -Y , ,f C. as . . r-" fy H A-. fy.,---.1 1 ' ff., 1 f gg,-f "4-4-N..z-, M- fs--1a---...z-ff we-sw Cpening Address FREDERICK C. HOLDEN, M. D. CCORDING to the usual custom, the Freshman Class is addressed by one of the members of the faculty at the beginning of the college year, and Dean Brown has given me that privilege today. In casting about for a subject, it has occurred to me that a survey of undergraduate medical . . 4 ' h had intimate knowledge, might be of interest to you. The School of Medicine of the University of Pennsylvania was first, it was organized in 1765, and the medical department of Harvard University in 1782, New York University Medical College was organf ized in 1841, and Bellevue Medical College in 1861. The union of the last two took place in 1898 and constitutes the institution at which you have been so fortunate as to matriculate. There have been 447 ,r. ,,,'.x, . :fi 93' education, with special reference to the forty years of which I ave 3 ff: im' 5, Vlrlll ' I . ' 'ii' " I' X -N f I X x I medical schools of all classes in the United States since 1765, many of them have been discontinued, others have changed title or merged with . When the Council on Medical Education of the American Medical As' sociation was appointed 24 years ago for the purpose of standardizing medical schools, there were 162, now there are half that number. In the early days there was no obstacle put in the way of matriculating at any of the medical colleges, the price of tuition being the only consideration. Very vividly I remember entering Dean Pardee's office at 410 East 26th Street in the spring of 1889, paying my tuition fee for the spring term, buying Gray's Anatomy, Kirk's Physiology, Witthaus' Chemistry, and a small-dissecting kit, and launching Off on my medical career with about as much guidance as a rudderless boat would have in the East River. You are familiar by this time with the standards of prefmedf ical education required today. At the risk of being too personal, the fact that it is so near the fortieth anniversary of my own matriculation in this very place makes me think you might be interested in comparing the study of medicine then and now. In 1889 Bellevue Medical College was housed in the small red brick building just inside the Bellevue Hospital grounds, and had, in addition, the Carnegie Laboratory 'in which we are now assembled. The University Medical College occupied the buildf ing at 410 East 26th Street and the Loomis Laboratory adjoining on the east. As there was no prescribed curriculum, when I was not in the dissecting room or at lectures, I attended many of the medical and surgical clinics in-the old amphitheatre at the top of the administration building in Bellevue Hospital, it is still there, unused other schools and very dilapidated. , BELLEVUE IN MY DAYS After a year of uncensored work I realized that I was probably not making the progress I should, and at the beginning of the second year, did as many others, entered private quiz classes in anatomy, physiology and chemistry. Some of the students K,,,-N-N .fs--W '74, fvm, .ll ,KEY 1 O -, Q--V, 1 A 4, v.-cz, , . 1 f,-,W - - ' ,,Y.,. .a . s.. 9. i j .-i'Sfesss. f fa, rf. my 2-1 . ,Q 9, 1 2 X --Arg, I X Nl - ,,1.:,,,l ,sl QM.-it K Am 1 I I jj ,X fe, ,yy f frj . I . , Q vp, 'lr :WAHI 4,9 X -'-Q-X. ' 1-Ts.3'- " .4 ff fx fa-. f XN l"C'1l- -'1L+'v,r 3 ,ff -N., . NL, ,f gi ' 7'-i-J 1 ' H X, Lk ' -3,3 g r' KAN f I V, 4 -. fa, gays jj fun, Kimi lf g:l.7,,,g,,-., ,,L ,xx ,Ax C44 - A 0 K , ,neil :jjj-1:9 X11 5:51. gig-v1,.-,,5 V3 W gr ',l,f!,fn K. ,lux -Hg, .Ti i Q, xx. FN: 571, jf? fi 5,111 J 43-'il .ein-if 1 Q. M-M---I . . W . 4- ia-.sfea fe-- fra- efz. . . ff"f1..gi:es.f fl st -X..---, ,ff +ve' rn X 's . f I s 1 I f iff' Rf S5s"f::s.u11fa:effe ia --,,.1:i.g,1' rfff:s5fz 'W Y "AQ X'X----'M"'AM:2' -2: at " ' tssQ+f.,ff:f' - . x,,j'j.f' . ,V 196 . 'V V f . 1 If . . -,, "X I . jf -' 1 1 My - I ' 9 ff -RAM, ci , K . , I Y W ,K .. 4 IJ 44-ness' 'Ni Y U g , ,I Wax., -MX . V I so Q X l ' ef .f - ,Q-N 'Y - ' V .J i s ,, ti . M -il V' ff QU V- X"7SF -TL" J ' Q Ofga-Uized themselves iuto groups and quizzed each other. Getting a foothold in P1'3CUCS WHS Cleddedly more difficult then, and there were a number of young hos- pital graduates who were very grateful for the amounts received from the stidents for this service, in fact, there was keen competition among these doctors to see which of them would have the largest percentage of graduates to his credit. My third and last year was spent with the same quiz master, who has since become one of Newt York's most eminent nose and throat specialists. For each subject there were small quiz compends of questions and answers, but, unfortunately, many students relied too much on that method of preparation. During my second and third years I became associated with the Physiological Laboratory where I spent many hours. Before graduation I had done seven months substitute internship in different hospitals. If a student stated at the time of matricu- lation that he had spent a year with a preceptor, he was given the privilege of taking examinations in all subjects at the end of two years. Many of the men in my class I seldom saw. Some were druggists, or were engaged in commercial occupations during the time they were studying medicine. One of my classmates studied law and medicine at the same time. Except for the time we spent in short courses in urinalysis, histology, and pathology fbacteriology was not taughtj, the faculty had practically no idea where the students were. Many of those who failed to graduate went to the University of Vermont, took the summer course, and in most instances, received a diploma from that institution. Following graduation the only other step necessary to fulfill the requirements was that the diploma be registered at a County Olerk's office. Since 1893 New York State has required a statefboard examination before granting a license to practice. Pennf sylvania was the first of ten states to make a prerequisite of at least one year's postf graduate internship in a hospital of a certain standard before granting a license. A few words of digression about the unique East 26th Street of forty years ago. The city morgue was located at the East River where the New York Yacht Club now has its landing. Instead of the gay luxurious craft that ply the waters now, there were the lumbering old ferry boats which ran from the foot of 26th Street to Blackwell's, Ward's, and Randall's Islands, bearing the sick in body and mind, the criminal and the destitute. Bellevue Hospital and the dispensaries of the two medical colleges also attracted many more unfortunates, so that the sum total of misery which travelled East 26th Street was tremendous. An interesting memory is that of the not infrequent sight of boys taking dogs of all sizes and descriptions to the laboratories to exchange them for a few cents. P MEDICAL SCHOOLS OF TOfDAY The Hnancing of the undergraduate medical schools has within a generation undergone a complete metamorphosis. Where formerly a dozen doctors could form a faculty and proitably operate a medical school in a small rented hall, with no more equipment than a stove, a skeleton, and a blackboard, we now find that schools are spending from two to ten times the amount received as tuition. The higher requirements of entrance and the increased cost of tuition have not decreased the number of applicants. In 1927 there were 20,093 applications by 8,500 fr- , '-LG ' 0 xx vii 'xii 1' FTD f-NX. fy 1312 fiiflfwkl . rf . -f' ' f'-M' XX:-QS X '3 I'-N I .Off frmfff'-iilfff fpxb Tx' l ll kv- "WONT SNRTQ 1477 fT"T!l if 0 A Gfffhmaffa-2-' lifztf' 'I-sf"-T.f?f'l-. lla-.f1fff1aOQV'7 a 337' ffl O 5355! xQ'4'T' S W f at -fr-X --X. 1-Lzferqr , K if f ' 4' .ff -fc ea, -., N f--rf .91-1113763 it c J IC bf? was ffbisgyf Gees , ff if Q on nf-ff XV 197 3 1 A fi -3 if ,Z . f' ,F ue 1'- u Y. 1. rg. f J And so they tell us of the days of old, And how things were diferent then. How commonplace our lives, how cold In contrast, to those days when men weve men x I l l l w l l Arthur Mullen Wright GEORGE DAVID STEWART s A hospital interne it was, that I first knew Arthur M. Wright, and his outstanding characteristic then-in an interne it might be called a peculiarity-was modesty. He appeared shy, he was young, and his aspect emphatically proclaimed his youth. Soon, however, one began 5-3 Q-A to notice him for other qualities: dependability, and standards that were 6'1'N measured not by "hours off" but by "work done." An assignment was NN- finished according to orders if possible, but in medicine schedules must 1 often be changed, and when some deviation from the normal, perhaps I J ,k a normal abnormality, occurred, he sized up the situation and met it in the best way he could think of-and he thought clearly. This char' S acteristic or quality of decision he has retained and developed. He l would be a good soldier, he was a good soldier, for he knows not only how to obey, but if left without a commander, or put in com- mand, he is resourceful and willing. When orders were lacking or inadequate Dr. Wright always issued and executed his own. His executive capacity no doubt was born in him, it is a phase of intellif gence which otherwise never becomes oursg but in Dr. Wright it was no doubt much strengthened by his training. He grew up in a village of unpretentious homes, among a plain and simple people where everyone worked, and the idler was regarded as "Hell bent" for perdif tion. The neighbors in the town and on the encircling farms were industrious, homef loving, and full of the old faith. It was a community large enough to foster self' respect, small enough to stimulate personal independence. It afforded health, outf door recreation, and a degree of individual training in its high school, such as our treadmill educational system of today seldom attains. Above all, Dr. Wright was fortunate in his home, ruled strictly to be sure, but with the rare understanding of congenial tastes. Q Jw 1 1 u l Lf!! I Nw . ' T-.XV :E at EDITOR OF CORNELL DAILY At college, this background stood him in good stead. He made and kept friends. He forged ahead and realized his ambition, which was to be editor of the Cornell Sun. When he first began to contribute as a freshman, the man in command of the coveted paper said of him that he despaired of his ever making the grade. This came-as was intended-to the ears of the aspirant, with the result that he not only made good but did better. This episode recalls a story about Montaigne and his teachers at the College of Guyenne. There was among them a certain George Buchanan, a cleric or monk, ' -X.. - : - X i . ' 201 r-"' as i. J F1 1 - - X x ef--. 1. fm '- f rf-, X ,ii ,ff ja-., ' f j. . J - . -.f--., 1 ik 9. H"",f ,l 9 Q ,X "'q1". 1" , ,fs ,,,:,.f-,,xg..g,,,,::,f ---f ' j,,,-141'-N-mx'-2 V F Riff? " ff-'NA' -ss. R' 5-Y' " 'fhxfw ff 'TRN--fc--. J ,f .-fa 1 2. I 7 Q 9 - i gf .ge-....gf- ' 9 - L, Y'---A-, ,I " H aff ilk s X - f-"f'Q"- "--,Qj'A""r-.X ,f-.mg 11" "fi ,f"' jo'-F" Q - -r -....-..-f who had left Scotland because of some disagreement with his ecclesiastical superior. Montaigne had already been thoroughly well grounded in Latin, the belles lettres of that time. At college Montaigne, while excelling easily in all studies, was not taking his work too seriously. The wise Buchanan thereupon advised him to leave alone Ovid's Metamovphoses until he had acquired more and enough knowledge to really understand them. The prohibition worked as prohibitions so often dog Montaigne fairly devoured his Ovid. By a similar method was Dr. Wright spurred on to the command of the Sun in his senior year-an experience of lasting value in confirmf in his habits of clear and decisive expression, whether in word or in act. S From 1889 to 1929, "Oh! the Mighty Marching Years! Eighty generations . . . . . . h. h nd if this is multiplied by two the number of hospitals in w ic of house surgeons, a , the writer has been active, it will be seen that one hundred and sixty house surgeons was one of the millers adjusting the balances have been through the mill in which he of the upper and the nether stones. From this grist of one hundred and sixty, it requires only a fair memory to recall those who are worth recalling, and among them the subject of the sketch stands out. A INTERNE AT ST. VINCENTS Une story illustrating his originality and dependability is that of a tracheotomy h . hich 'hef erformed under unusual circumstances. The patient had been s ot in W P the neck, the jugular or one of the deep veins had been cut, permitting a marked effusion of blood into the tissues of the neck. This had caused great swelling and . . . . . h .1 h d forbidden any attempt at locating the origin of the bleeding, whic temporari y a had ceased. However, a doctor with tracheotomy instruments was kept on watch constantly. These precautions were justified. Soon the watcher, noting a difficulty . . . HC in breathing, called for help, the first to come to his assistance, to hear his cry, ome over unto usi' was Doctor Wright. He saw the case to be urgent, putting in a hurried call for the House Surgeon, who happened to be out of the hospital, he ' 1 ' th went to work and through the swollen, bloodfsoaked tissues succeeded in p acing e .tracheotomy tube effectively. A tracheotomy is a spectacular operation, one that rform The House Surgeon in this instance was the interne is always anxious to pe . g much chagrined to find it over on his return. He criticised his junior, who explained that he had sent for him on the first alarm and had then proceeded to do the best he could for the patient who was' threatened with suffocation. When the House Surgeon, next day, reported the case to the Visiting Surgeon with some stricture and some resentment in his tone, the laconic and profane rejoinder of the latter was, L'Well, where in Hell were you?" A continuation of this story serves to illustrate another quality of the subject of this memoir. The case came into court and Dr. Wright was summoned to testify. He was placed on the stand following the Coroner's physician and testified as to the patient's arrival and his subsequent death in the Hospital. Cn crossfexamination the attorney for the defense said: "Doctor, you operated upon the deceased?" .. ,X 05 fQf"?iif7l5,4 qi i , ir. i. r si .E sa if . li s2ss:P-2 .-ff1 s',' -we :+'iff,af11pfrii:i-lih Mig 5 , ffrlfa ,6 TiTwllT:...fT ivfjffflfliv-r,-,i l-f".ifgf?:f1'a'?wiQ'ff'V"7 Off-f2j'ii1",lil FZ'-115297, lfmqk 'FT' ,J -..-'17, , of .s-. X w inf m f 1- . ffffusr' 1' lf tr-1 L ',f' M1735 sf hw Y"""7 Ui XX XX 4 L X- -1 1 l'1'-fx: XXX A ,fax K ,4 23... Eff' f:"' fx' J -xvqq r1f',,,,'f.f-1' - - , X 'H if A Xbgiiqgx 'fgwf' J YQ. 'L-fgxllj if-' A," 'J 202 .J 4' 1 9 -.2 Q.. E42- l 1 K- ' , A--dag i - V' . V . xx 4 t M ,, f Y. '. f sf rn f 1 as., 5 is F , gf' L'Yes." "How long had you been a Doctor?" "About a year." 'LHow old are you?" "Twentyfseven yearsf' "What? And with the face of a babe!" The wit' ness turned to the judge and said: "Your honor, must I be subjected to such insinf uatlng remarks?" Whereupon the judge admonished the lawyer to be more courf teous and respectful. When recess was taken, Dr. Wright waited for the attorney, and told him that he resented his remark about his youthful appearance. "Oh! Boy," said the lawyer, "that won't hurt you and it ought to help my client." It is said that they had a pleasant luncheon together after the incident. However, had the injustice been serious it would not have been dropped. Donlt misunderstand! There will not be any threatening or storming or anger but somehow, sometime the offender will be asking forgiveness, a much more difficult matter in serene weather than when there have been choleric flashings or the rumble of thunder on the left. WARTIMES Dr. Wright's Odyssey, while with the American Army, is briefly as follows: He signed the Bellevue Unit Muster Roll as First Lieutenant and was commissioned a Captain in June, 1917. In August of that year he was ordered on active duty' and sent to Rockefeller Institute for a course in the CarrelfDakin treatment of wounds. On September 1, he was sent to the Medical Officers' Training Camp at Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, and about October 1 was assigned to a course in Neurolof gical Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania under Drs. Frasier and Spiller. About December 1 he was ordered to New York City for mobilization of the Belle' vue Unit QU. S. Base Hospital No. D at the 12th Regiment Armory, which Unit was sent overseas in February, 1918, landing in Liverpool, crossing England to Southampton, thence across the Channel to Le Havre and from there to Vichy. Arriving, Dr. Wright, with others, was detached almost immediately and ordered to a French Ambulance Field Hospital with the French Third Army on the Noyon' Lassigny line. This was the force which filled the gap when the British Fifth Army went to pieces. He was made a Major while with the French and worked in various places with them until the end of May, when he was brought back to Paris for a week to the U. S. Military Hospital No. 1. About june 1, 1918 he was assigned to Evacuation Hospital No. 114 with the U. S. Third Division as second in command and was very busy here, working 44 hours on one occasion and 34 hours on another in the operating room, with one hour for rest and food every six hours. He was expecting to be placed in charge of an Evacuation Hospital detailed to go forward with the Third Division when, about August 10th, he was ordered back to U. S. Base Hospital No. 1 fthe.Bellevue Unitj at Vichy. After two or three weeks as Chief of the Surgical Service there he was made Commanding Officer. For six weeks this hospital never had less thai 5,000 patients accommodated in 20 hotels, with 12 kitchens, emp oying as personne about 700 enlisted men, 200 nurses and 54 medical officers. fln all, U. S. Base Hospif .- "H ,f"3 ., . ,f .- g X' ,-X V Y-. .h - s 1 fx ' We ,.-- -,-ff -.5 Cf' 2 , -f 4 S1 " "" Tig ,177 ' 5 " X -g all 1 at gf f'Xi,i'ilQ:f l ,EZ J , - 1 W ,,, .,f , K Y- f" ....A,.f"- , 1. .V .. . . ,., . F- 1 1 V fr, f. 4 , ,ff I c. V . " ---' if r . I . -1 . 203 L ' '1',l'?i"N-Q. W, ,V 9 -- f' 9' 'A ,N ff Af'-f .--- -V-. - . X7 . M" X- , fix. "L , . , . . -9 ' I a..-,a,f , 1 , If X4 -, 1' Y: I 4 " F... I ' ' js, . kv'l!,, f' - -.s YN W W . -- ,. tal No. 1 handled about 17,000 patients-with only 7 3 deaths-a remarkable record., He was made a Lieutenant Colonel November 9, 1918. The last of january, 1919, the patients were turned over to another hospital and Dr. Wright was ordered home, travelling by way of Nantes and St. Nazaire to Newport News, Virginia, The final scene was his demobilization at Camp Upton in May, 1919. This ended his connection with the Army except that he now is a Colonel in the Medical Reserve Corps. General Hospital No. 1 fReserve-Bellevue Hospitalj. ' THE WAR IN RETROSPECT p These are the bald professional dates of his Army service, but between and around these is massed a vast experience, a deeper knowledge of the meaning and values of life, the discovery that life was not so good as it had seemed to younger eyes, the determination, however, to make the most and best of it, in other words, his experience had aged him by many, many years. In the words of one of his friends: "He went to France a Major and came back a Colonel", more significantly -he went to France a boy and came back a. man. Trained in the duties and privileges of patriotism, he was from the first, when events in their serious and sickening rapidity seemed to be hurrying his country into war, in thoughtful mood. When America had entered there was no hesitancy, his course was clear and he signed the Bellevue 'Muster Roll. Soon, as may be seen from the calendar, he was sent into training, first at the Rockefeller Institute in this city, then to a Medical Officers' training camp in Georgia, then back to take a course in Neurological Surgery at the University of Pennsylvania, where he worked out his note book on the lectures so carefully and completely that it was later incorf porated into the Army Manual of Neurological Surgery. He went overseas in February, 1918. For some time prior to sailing he had been suffering from neuritis or infective arthritis. The sacrifice of a pair of tonsils seemed to make his distinctly worse, the day of sailing he was suffering severely and instead of going on shipboard should have been ordered to a hospital. This suffering continued during the whole voyage and after, but during that time he was faithfully and skillfully attended by Major James Nagle, who escaped all the dangers of the submarine and Army life only to meet death later in an automobile accident in his own land. The gentleness and kindliness of Dr. Nagle, qualities whichl made for him so many friends during his brief professional career, were offered without limit on the passage over, stimulating into complete amity a friendship begun some years before. The scope of this brief sketch is such as not to permit any detailed description of Dr. Wright's army experiences. Indeed, that could only be done by the Doctor himself, or by one who had shared these experiences. Not from Dr. Wright will one gain much idea of the difficulties of hospitalization on the ruined Noyon front, of the all-butfbroken morale, of the retreat which swept backward to the Marne. Lack of nurses and of equipment, the crudities of sanitation, the stream of ghastly, .v ,."'- .f . v- V. 1 1 204 burdened ambulances, the shells which not infrequently made a target of the hosf pital lights, burning hour after hour in the operating tent-these incidents of Field and Evacuation Hospitals are rarely mentioned. That skill and determination surf mounted their successive crises are attested by the recital of his promotions. A FAITHFUL FRIEND Cnly one story is permitted-and this because it is the story of a dog, a faithful dog, named Pete, who attached himself to Colonel Wright. Where the dog came from was never known. He was lost or abandoned or, perhaps, his master had been killed and he needed a friend. His manners were so good and his personality so appealing that Arthur and Pete were soon the best of friends, sharing tent, bed, and food. Then one day when the casualties had been terrible, in the hurry of operating at feverish haste, Pete had been left alone all day. Late in the evening, however, there was time for a stroll and the two friends started off together. Hardly a bomb dropped with flendish precision, turned were they clear of the tent when what had been a friendly dwelling into a hole in the ground, and Pete's friendship had saved his master's life. They came home together, the Colonel and Pete, and the writer, who found Pete sitting on the floor when they arrived were visited by and looking only at the Colonel. To receive any personal attention from Pete was hopeless until his master suggested that some consideration might be given to the visitor, whereupon Pete climbed on the knees of the latter, remarking as he did so, "What a lap," but remaining in most courteous fashion until it was further sugf gested that he might dismount, which he did, returning at once to his post of vigil' ance. If ever any pair of eyes held a world of affection they were Pete's. That the story may be complete it can be said that Pete still lives and that Time, while it has robbed Pete of his lap, has not lessened his love. RETURN TO CIVILIAN LIFE Since his return Dr. Wright has been engaged in the teaching and practice of his profession, spending at least onefhalf of his time in Bellevue with his classes and the hospital patients. His ability and success as a teacher it is scarcely neces- sary to describe, for the readers of this book will for the most part have been his pupils. , To teach successfully it is first of all necessary to understand clearly the subject to be taught. With him this perspicuity is almost congenital. Beyond that the teacher must have a sympathetic understanding of the student, must be able to ex' change places with him, must not only know but feel his point of view. The finest prefmedical training, Dr. Wright insists, is received in and from the home. With this background medicine is an intriguing study, without it a calling fraught with dangers equal to its responsibility. "Seek ye first the Kingdom of God and 'His righteousness and all other things will be added unto you." Translate fl11S 1f1t0 - ,, ,fri . , 1 , Na, .f 1 .X .. .- . ' . K - K 1 ' , i - 3 i . l ,fi .fs 205 -V-,...,,...y df . -Y..- . W . 4 V, I, YA., X 4 L.. J 1 M ev,,,4-ka Y-5, - , ... . .hx j ' X-, K r,.,,.:w5 I 2 fr NW. 1 fi N .ffsafff 1 5 9 15: ,s - ,.ff',,-ff, gf . Qin, " .,.,.,-..f-ff' .fx--.jf ' w-W,-' L3 W . . ---" "--Y ' Ykwy..-ff! C ' - s . 1.4 terms of medical education according to the ideas of Dr. Wright and it will read: Give the medical student character and then trust him to make sure that his educaf tion and equipment are sufficient for effective practice in the field he has chosen. A wellfknown doctor once advised his students as follows:-take care of your patients and your patients will take care of you. It is a good rule and recommended herewith to the young practitioner who is still fearful as to whether or not he is going to make his way. Dr. Wright has adopted it but in such fashion that the first part is not contingent upon the second. It is certain that a Bellevue patient has the best that he can give. lt is equally true, however, that any patients, once he has entrusted himself to the care of Dr. Wright, never afterwards changes his physician. Loyalty to his friends, like his patriotism, is an account that cannot be over' drawn, indeed the account often remains intact long after an offender has forefeited all rights to be honored. The basis of this fidelity has its springs in a personality sympathetic and patient through good and evil. It embraces and explains one of his creeds, a peculiar reverence for old men and a firm conviction that there is always a place for them, always something they can do well. In this he does not march with the times but is rather of the era of Pasteur, who admonished young- men to reverence their teachers and set a notable example himself, especially in the case of Biot, one of his teachers in chemistry, upon whose grave Pasteur placed flow' ers every year on the anniversary of Biot's death. This quality of reverence, more developed in the French than in any other Occidental race, is only one of the many virtues that has led Dr. Wright to hold them in the highest esteem both as soldiers and as men. To subject Dr. Wright to deeper or more complete analysis would be to inf fringe upon an intimacy which is as close as that of brothers, as close indeed as that of father and son, a transgression which would be agreeable to neither the subject of this sketch nor to his biographer. is X.. i ,. X . ,A ,, 1 V six hi . f ,,-.img ff-:--Q--f ' tg' ' XX '-4' - ---J is ,.-f. 1 l f f ...,?q.3., t .,...,,X .,.,. f I MA , If H.: 1 " 1. f V, ---V. .1 , . K -. Ns.. 'X1...,-f--faux - ' r f , , r x ffm x 1, ---,Y "- fl, - - f ,f1j,,, 206 s- ---ff , f N:..a'?' C. 'C Wx 459' i If The Coming Bellevue Health Center SAMUEL A. BROWN, M.D. Is it not time for those of us who are interested in the New York University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College to develop a dream and an ideal of what we would wish for this institution? A careful resume of what has happened in New York in the last few years in relation to medicine, the development of the beautiful and wonderful building for the Academy of Medicine, the building of the Medical Center for the College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the great extension of its activities, 'the plans for the development of the new Cornell School, and the announce' ment of plans for the Flower Hospital Medical College Center, certainly makes us believe that it is the period of renaissance for medicine in New York, and it is not only advisable, but also necessary, for us to develop a Health Center in connection with our medical school, which will be in keeping with the plans which have already been made for the other schools. VV e are fortunately centered at Twentyfsixth Street, in close association with the most wonderful teaching institution in the world, which is being developed liberally and wisely by the City so that it can offer better care to the poor 'and people of moderate circumstances within the city. In this institution, which has held a supreme position among hospitals for generations, we are privileged to carry on our work, and with the concentration of interest at the Medical Center and the new Cornell school, we would by inheritance become the Bellevue Hospital Medical College. I can see grouped around the Hospital, a Health Center, consisting of the Medical School, with a Laboratories Building, a pavilion for private patients, and a large clinic, a Dental School, and all other branches that are so necessary these days to make up a Center. The possibilities are ideal, and I can think of no institution in the country that has the opportunity that is knocking at the door of this College. I am glad to say, without betraying a conidence, that definite steps have already been taken looking to the undertaking of this project. In fact several very concrete activities have been conf sumrnated, and it is hoped that we will soon be in a position to take into our confidence all of those who are interested. So every alumnus of this institution can look forward in the near future to the development of a Health Center in connection with his school with which he can feel entirely satisfied and very proud. gf.. 'V-V--, --4,1 ull, ofa.. J l l iff,-Q-5 4. ,i , 1.. VV ,Z s 207 5 '- Q ,,,,--4 sg .Gran-:fm . C--- QTS.. Looking Back to '89 HERMAN A. HAUBOLT, M.D. d to sa something about my student days, somef f ,nu HE Editor has aske me y C, thing with a laugh in it. Contrary to the notion held by a not inconf siderable number of students, I am not a spontaneous humorist. In addif ' ' ' '89 as now, there was little of lighter tion to this, one may say that in , ' ' the life of a medical student. The heavily graded path of the student of those ays was h f our lives, dedicated ff' Perhaps, after all, the fundamental t eme o th relief of human suffering, has something to do with vu as they are to e this. So, though at times one is able to inject an element of humor into his situation it most often is of the kind the Germans so aptly call, galgen humor. As you know, a clown may have much tragedy in his K , 5 life and it is also true that "laughter is akin to tears." ha s recall an incident in our own clinic: A woman Q ,1 You may, per p , was presented with an advanced carcinoma of the breast. She refused to expose her affliction to the class. I permitted myself the remark: "Had she the figure of a Venus de Milo, she might not be so reluctant in this connection." This bit ' t hen I outlined of facetiousness caused considerable laughter, yet, the next momen w ' ' h lo ment of measures of'relief, theclass ref the dire consequence of delay in t e emp y sp " ' f d s m athy and under' standing." I P A I Perhaps, I can conform, in a measure, to the request by relating a brief tale of myistudent days which may be regarded as illustrative of the theme in hand. Each year, until 1889, the faculty gave a dinner to the graduates. The '89 dinner was given at the old Hotel Brunswick, located on Fifth Avenue from Twenty' . . d sixth to Twentyfseventh Streets. The dais was occupied by the faculty. The stu ents, ' d at small tables on the floor. about one hundred and twenty in number, were groupe The first speech of the evening was delivered by an '89 man, I have forf gottenlhis name, though I recall that he was from the Middle West. ' ' ' ' student of the He spoke of the early educational opportunities of the average day. Gracefully enough he depicted the little red schoolhouse on the' hill, where men, like most of those who studied at Bellevue, began and ended their studies, going . . . .d d b the world to have their early, hesitant footsteps in our profession gui e y the faculty who were our hosts that night. , p Curiously enough, most of the speeches of that evening were based on the f thought underlying the remarks of this now forgotten speaker. To one member o h DQ took up the the faculty, the speech made a strong appeal. Bryant Uosep theme and enlarged upon it with the florid verbosity for which he was famous. However, a Fata Morgana of those days is, perhaps, best visualized by what now, h f Austin forty years later, emerges from the storehouse of my memory, the speec o P11112 Sr. As my memory conjures up Bryant's, so it does Flint'si' presentation of the Ivfiflfii V319 m 'ffl d as laboriously trod as it is today. r '. - . V- -In ' lull . -T' N -E drag. - 1 F I, I 4 onded with what Conrad calls, the profound silence o eep my p out into 208 ' f E 1 1 l l 'r 5 evening. Flint built his tale around a case in Bellevue Hospital. The patient, a young man in his early twenties, was admitted to the service in a condition which baffled even the diagnostic acumen of the junior interne. The boy had been picked up in the street, wildly delirious. No history was obtainable nor was it possible to establish his identity. The various members of the staff studied his case with much care. After a time, the boy's mutterings became less confused and one could make Out: "Jane, where is Jane? Jane is always away. Jane has a way with her." Janeway was sent for, examined the boy, shook his head and, like Jane, went away. "Lust, all is lust," the boy mumbled. Lusk was sent for, but, being an obstetrician and gynecologist, did not see how a 'vaginal' would throw light on the problem, so reserved decision. That night the "House" heard the boy say, quite clearly: "D, disinfect E. every time N. nides and nails N. nevertheless ' I. in some cases S. surgery fails." The mystery was cleared up. The patient was a medical student who, as may happen even to the student of today, was driven mad by listening to lectures, et alf from nine AM to six PM Flints speech though it was cast in lighter vein struck the key note of the fault in medical education of the day I wonder if this has been sufficiently remedied 209 L .. .. l 4 I 1 l l i u 1 . E I my aer Bellevue When I Was A Student REGINALD SAYRE, M.D. t tud law had been made during my undergraduate days ' .IY DECISION o s y A at Columbia, and after receiving my A.B. in 1881, I matriculated at the Law School, then situated in Great Jones Street. I had two brothers who had studied medicine and I thought that was quite enough in one family. My eldest brother had died during my last year in College, , M, , and my second brother talked very earnestly with me about my choice of a career, finally persuading me that I had better follow medicine than '77 V law. He was so logical that I heeded his advice. Ordinarily, being 3 Columbia man, I would have gone to the 'College of Physicians an I ll Surgeons, but as my father had been one of the founders of the Bellevue VW, SENT Hospital Medical College I felt there was no other place for me to gol ll 'Q' about the time I was born, a number of the visiting staff of Bellevue A l Hospital felt that it would be a good thing if a medical school were 4 7 associated with the Hospital. Clinics opened to the profession had been given in the Hospital for years, and in many cases were very largely attended. James R. Wood, Alfred Lee Loomis, Isaac E. Taylor, William H. Van Buren, and fth were amongst the most prominent lecturers. A good many students d S eons attended these clinics. from the University and College of Physicians an urg It occurred to my father that the men who taught the practical application of the art of medicine and surgery ought to be those who granted the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He proposed that the visiting staff should unite in seeking a charter from . . . b the legislature for a medical college to be connected with the Hospital, and to e located within the Hospital grounds. The old board of ten governors had at this time been superceded by the three Commissioners of Charities and Correction. The latter had charge of all 'City charif ties and corrections, and had asked a committee consisting of Drs. Isaac E. Taylor and James R. Wood, to examine the hospitals under their charge and report. Amongst other matters in their report they said that "it became an important question whether Bellevue should not, nay ought to have connected with it an established college for . n . . v d the education of young men independent of a mere hospital for clinical teaching an thus making it one of the largest hospitals, and it may be, schools in the United States, nay in Europe." The committee communicated with the Commissioners, who were enthusiastic about the plan, and agreed to allow the building of the College in the Hospital grounds if a charter for the institution could be obtained from the legislature. This idea was not received very favorably by some of the visiting staff who held posi- tions in the other two medical schools, but as they had no idea that the legislature would grant the charter they all voted in favor of the resolution. Dr. Taylor had a great deal of influence with the politicians of the day and he was selected to go to ,LXQ xy! 'X 3 I i X . , X Y: 4 . ,M .. L ' 'ZZ' I - filo Albany with the unopened charter 111 his pocket To the surprise of not a few he returned In a few days with the charter all sivned and sealed ORGANIZATION OF BELLEVUE MEDICAL COLLEGE The new 1IlSt1l11t101'1 was founded on the principle that practical exemplification of theoretical principles was essential in educating a doctor and the motto on its seal Clmzca Clmzce Demonsmmda was the keynote of all teaching Feeling that the teaching staff should be as strong as possible, outfofftown talent was invited to take chairs in the faculty, and the two Flints, Sr. and Jr., and R. Ogden Doremus were added to those on the Hospital Staff. The elder Flint had made a great reputation as a teacher of auscultation and percussion in Buffalo, and his son had been making a name for himself by his researches in Paris in the domain of physiology. The Faculty contained such an array of forceful teachers that from the very beginning students from all over the country flocked to its benches. The first class, numbering 28, was graduated from its doors in 1862. The number of graduates had increased in 1865 to 111, and in 1866 to 171. Many of the students had already received their M.D. at other Colleges in many different States, and came to Bellevue to get an ad eundem degree, as it was called, being attracted by the fame of the Faculty. None of the men of my time will ever forget Joseph Decatur Bryant in his clear demonstration of anatomy, or A. A. Smith, whose lectures on Materia Medica were in advance of the time. There never was a better teacher of physiology than Austin Flint, Jr. At the close of the hour he advanced to the desk in front of the first row of students and beating it forcibly with his fist he recapitulated the salient points of the lecture. He presented this summary in ga way that impressed itself indelibly on the minds of his auditors. The most picturesque figure of the Faculty was R. Ogden Doremus, Professor of Chemistry, who combined a deep knowledge of his subject with a wonderful flow of language. He possessed the ability to put before the student the practical applicaf tion of the scientific truths he was discussing so that the student could see the benefit to be derived from a knowledge of this mysterious subject. He combined a good deal of physics with the chemistry, and when talking of sound would perform on the cor' net. He was always loud in his praises of 'SC'od's Oxygen," as he called it. Alexander B. Mott was a very skillful operator. When I was on the House Staff he was to tie the iliac artery for aneurism, and a large number of the prominent surf geons of the City had assembled to see the operation, which took place in the Sturges Pavilion situated where Pavilion F and Cr now stand. He was using the instruments that had been the property of Valentine Mott, and it was interesting to note the huge size of these retractors made from painter's palette knives, and how useful they were as contrasted with the little affairs then in vogue. Mott tied the artery with huge Chinese twisted silk which he held in his mouth while locating the vessel, upon which Bryant, who was watching the operation, said, "Say, Alec, are you spitting on lt for - . -I 1 D . .. .. , 7 . , 1 . 211 luck?," and the House Staff poked each other in the ribs and expected a fine case of sepsis. As a matter of fact the patient made an uninterrupted recovery without any rise of temperature. My father was a man of great force and always made his lectures clinics, bring' ing cases from his private practice if they had any unusual condition which he thought should be explained to the students. Many of his operations which we nowadays take for granted, at that time were novelties and had not been accepted by the medical profession. a Edward G. Janeway was a wonder in diagnosis. His lectures were most difficult to follow, as he was always digressing from the topic in hand to mention some curious deviation from the usual which he had encountered. The House Staff always looked to him to unravel the mysteries of diagnosis that had stumped the rest of the Visiting Staff. One day as he passed through the admitting office he said, "Who has been through here?" The attendant replied that no one had been admitted, but finally remembered that a case of measles had been sent to the erysipelas pavilion. Janeway insisted on visiting the pavilion and there found a case of smallpox, not measles, and remarked to the House Physician who was with him, "Could you not smell the smallpox in the admitting room? Measles smells like mice, this was altogether different." 212 I c f l 1 5 w Y 4 I ! 0 i 213 The Gbstetricians FREDERICK W. RICE, M.D. V gigs" , HE Department of Obstetrics extends felicitations and greetings upon the Ill' I li birth of a new issue of the Violet. The Violet serves as an invaluable i means of strengthening the bonds of interest and friendship between Q ll students and faculty. Anything which contributes to the development 'lm will of this spirit of cofoperation between teacher and student is most essenf 1 tial to the success 'of the college. ' zllhfjwf- yi- 5 While extending our greetings to the 1929 Violet we take the op' ' portuntiy to emphasize to the students the importance of acquiring a ' thorough knowledge and training in the fundamental principles of obf stetrics and the necessity of special training in a maternity hospital for in those who are planning to devote their lives to the general practice of V ,f medicine. During the past quarter of a century the mortality rate in this country among mothers and babies, from causes associated with childf birth, has been higher than in almost any other civilized country. As there has been practically no decrease in the present high mortality rate we must conclude that the obstetrical care which the majority of women are receiving in this country is not prof tecting them from dangers which are known to be preventable. In contrast to this lamentable showing in the field of obstetrics, statistics clearly show remarkable progress in medicine and surgery. We are convinced that the ref duction in high maternal and infant mortality in this country depends on the thorf ough teaching of obstetrics in our medical schools and in the better training of students and graduates in maternity hospitals. Obstetrics as an art and a science must be elevated to an equal importance with medicine and surgery in medical schools and hospitals. The improvement in the teaching of obstetrics in the medical schools has been slow. This has been due not only to the, lack of facilities for clinical teaching but also to the limited time available. As a result students are being graduated unpre- pared to care for normal cases. Medical schools have endeavored to teach not only the fundamental knowledge necessary for the care of normal pregnancy and labor but, as far as possible, the principles and technique of all operations, which might be neccessary for complicaf tions during pregnancy and labor. It is believed that only through such teaching is the graduate in medicine able to meet the needs of his practice. It is hoped that he will be able in active practice to develop sufficient skill to enable him to perform ob' stetrical operations without undue risk to mother and child. Our experience in teaching graduates and in caring for complicated cases ref ferred to our maternity hospitals has convinced us of the great danger in graduating men with the idea that they can obtain such skill without further training. The num' ber of graduates in private practice who acquire judgment and skill in managing 214 complicated cases without special training in a maternity hospital is limited. To obtain a high degree of skill in operative obstetrics, we believe the physician must have post' graduate training and experience following sound t ' ' ' d in a general hospital. For a number of years we have endeavored to teach only the fundamental prin- ciples of normal obstetrics. Every effort has been made to increase the period devoted to clinical teaching in the prenatal clinic, wards, and labor rooms. Gur aim has been to graduate students competent to care for normal pregnancy and labor, and to recogf nize and treat most of the complications developing. It is also firmly impressed upon them that not infrequently complications develop which require unusual skill and judgment. In such cases, as in the field of surgery, realizing their limitations, they should seek without delay the assistance of someone who has had special training in obstetrics. In no other branch of medicine are there afforded greater needs and opportunif ties for obtaining results in prevention as well as in treatment than in the practice of obstetrics. While obstetrics is generally recognized as the most difficult and arduous part of medical practice at the same time it is the most satisfying. The physician who has had a thorough training in obstetrics will not infrequently be the means of saving not one but two lives by the timely use of the judgment and skill he has acquired. The knowledge and training necessary to care for a woman during pregnancy and labor is not easily acquired. However, the ability to protect the health of a pros' pective mother throughout the long period of pregnancy and, by intelligent manage' ment during labor, to bring about the birth of a healthy child with a minimum of injury and suffering to the mother should be ample recompense to the physician for his efforts in acquiring such skill. raining in me icine and surgery 215 2 2 Department of Dermatology and Syphilology gif:-.'xtf?-WTS " all 'sw p-75 IFE - , 2755- . - 1-Qing, .- any A I V+ A cuff- E5 ' in,-fr,-141: , . . n sl lug! ':Q.2:,.a-E-an rm rs. ... ... 1': HONVARD Fox, M.D. V l d hilolo y are reflected by the rowth of the department in the past three years. During this time S the staff of physicians has increased from eleven to forty, the number of clerks and technicians from two to eight and the total annual visits ' d. D of patients from seventeen thousand to nearly thirty thousan ur' ing the past year there was a gain o p D tients over the previous year making the skin clinic the largest in the ' ' eased b referf dispensary. The proportion of interesting cases is incr y ring cases for consultation from other skin clinics in charge of members ' ' H'l1 St. of the staff, including Bellevue, Harlem, Gouverneur, Lenox 1 , Vincent's Fifth Avenue, and U. S. Public Health Service Hospitals. Thesclinic has been equipped with new and modern apparatus, including Xfray, "Grenz" ray, endothermy, quartz lamps, cryocautery, i ml.-:mga HE RECENT advances in dermato ogy an syp g X, ' yea: ' 'i 65 1 D . D ' 4-541 4 . . 'L-Qu, 5 , f 33 er cent in attendance of paf pig 5 I . . . . X ' C iE2:,iF.:"Q g 1'iSnEE 'irffeie J, 1 -x V27 li 1' I 1 rnlizf-Jug! f IL etc., a laboratory for histopathology and bacteriology, and a photo' ra hic studio A collection of eightyffive wax models of skin diseases g P - has been kindly turned over to the department by Professor Fraser. To l bl various artitions have been removed or rebuilt utilize every foot of avai a e space, p ivin o ortunity for more efficient work To aid in securing much needed funds, S g PP - subscriptions have been solicited and obtained in small amounts. Tickets for one ' " d ll performance of the "Doctors Dilemma were sold by the staff, five hundred 0 ars being realized. f six subdivisions including those of dermato ogy, The department now consists o , syphilology, laboratories, physical therapy, photography, and a recently established division for studying sensitization in skin diseases. The staff include not only trained dermatologists and general practitioners interested in dermatology but also two neu' b t ' loffist, one biochemist, one rologists, one roentgenologist, one radiologist, one ac erio ,Q l C7 . The assistance given by these men with spef immunologist, and one genera surgeon cial training is considered invaluable. GROWING SKIN CLINIC The increase in size of the staff has been gratifying, it being now the largest of any skin clinic in the United States. The quality of the members is also of a good ' ' f der- average. At the present time the department has the largest representation o matologists in the Academy of Medicine and the New York Dermatological Society of an teaching institution in New York y . Among the newer activities are conferences held twice weekly and attended by all available members of the staff. During the past year there were also six meetings ' ' ' ' dd d by of the entire staff held at the offices of various members which were a resse selected speakers and at which administrative details and plans for improving the clinic . . . 1 were discussed. Une meeting was purely social and constituted the second annua banquet. Two annual reports have been published fin mimeograph formj which l 218 contain a brief account of work accomplished and a detailed list of the dermatological activities of individual members of the staff. It is fully realized by the staff that their first and most important duty is to instruct the undergraduates. With this idea in view, they are constantly striving to make the didactic lectures and the section teaching as practical and helpful as pos' sible. In addition to undergraduate teaching the department undertook graduate teaching in dermatology last year for the first time in this institution. It was felt that a few graduate students would be an added stimulus to members of the staff, comparatively few of whom could be given the valuable opportunity of teaching undergraduates. A prospectus, offering eight courses in the various branches of der' matology, was published and as a result there were ten graduate students last year, a number only exceeded by Columbia University and the University of Pennsylvania, institutions which had given graduate instruction for many years. In the second year of graduate teaching ten students had matriculated at the beginning of the session. Any success which may have been attained has depended, in the opinion of the staff, on the cooperation of the Dean and the other members of the faculty, and on the fact that they have been permitted to have entire control of their own Xfray and other apparatus and their own laboratories. Without this independence it would not have been possible to maintain the interest and enthusiasm of a large staff and the attempt to give graduate instruction would have been a failure. The staff feels inf debted to Dean Brown and Dr. Pulley for constant assistance, to Drs. Fraser and LeWald for help and advice in their respective fields, and more recently to Dr. Wyckoff for his generosity in assigning nine beds from his service in Bellevue Hosf pital for its exclusive use. 219 p i,M,2, V Medical Study in Europe DAVID EDWARD HOAG, M.D. lT THE invitation of the Violet, I am submitting briefly some hints and su estions for those of you who may be contemplating a European gg trip for the purpose of study and observation in foreign clinics and hospitals. These are based largely on my 1927 tour as well as former tours. A What I say at this time will be perforce brief and superficial be' cause of lack of space. Permit me to say that the suggestions herein s - 1 h offered are not for the 'dyed in the wool ' globeftrotter or for the p yf sician experienced in foreign travel who has learned by experience and . . . . f h intuition where he desires to go. They are for those who are or t e first time making the trip and who desire a general survey of the whole field Many will agree with the statement, 'iWhy go at all when we have so much in this country in the way of material and opportunity!" y u Never was this more true than at the present time with so many new centers develop' ing in our own and other American cities and with the constant improvement in facilif ties, methods and technique of instruction. The United States is fast taking its place as a competitor of the old world in rounding out and putting a final touch to a medical education. Our own city has an exceedingly wellforganized group of medical colleges that vie with each other in adding every masterly detail to the art of teaching medif cine. This is supplemented by the immense amount of clinical material, emanating as it were from the very "sidewalks of New York," that wends its way daily to our ' ' 'l d l h clinic. We desire to speak modestly of our own New York, for there is Phi a e p ia, Baltimore, Boston, and Chicago, not only filled with historic tradition but literally . . .. , d. . - NO teeming with opportunities and advantages to advance one s study of me 1c1ne real student will ever go to any of these cities without visiting some of their well' ' ' ' ' b d t be added to organized clinics and hospitals. Some valuable new point is oun o one's medical knowledge or armamentarium. If one must have a foreign tinge there are still left New Orleans and Montreal. A visit to any of the cities mentioned will make anyone proud of American Medicine. Again, why must we go, but the precef dent has been established, "the ball is up." More and more go each year, so "let's go." GREAT BRITAIN The way of least resistance, the nearest port of call, is Great Britain. London, Edinburgh, and other British cities give splendid advantages at most reasonable tuition fees, and there is the additional advantage of their speaking our tongue. But the cost of living is more in Great Britain than in many European countries. For the 220 fastfgoing American to miss a "ward round" in a British hospital would be tragic and pathetic. It is a unique experience and almost an institution in itself. Do not miss it. The provoking leisurely slowness is maddening. Hours and hours to make 3 diagnosis, but wait, do not criticise, for when it is through it is the finished product, practically incontrovertible. One can learn much from what we often call the plodf ding English. FRANCE AND BELGIUM France, Belgium, and Italy are as near as Great Britain, and one-gets the advanf tages of the lower rate of money exchange value by going to France or Italy, with a run also over into Belgium. There is so much of history, romance, and beauty in these countries that they offer a strong appeal. Paris, the city beautiful, with which there is none other to compare, has much to beguile one in his hours for recref ation. If one inclines to study in that great scenic wonderland of natural, beauty, Switzerland, go to Berne and Zurich. If there be a desire to get away from the beaten path of travel, "away from the maddening throng," enter Europe by way of Scandinavia. Sail for Oslo, Bergen, or Copenhagen. A tenfday ocean voyage and a most direct way to enter Germany. Berlin is only ten hours by rail from Copenf hagen, and Stockholm but eight hours. Besides in Scandinavia, one experiences the novelty and charm of the "Land of the Midnight Sun." Oslo, Stockholm, and Copen- hagen have the finestfequipped, bestfmanaged municipal hospitals in the world. No' where is there better opportunity to study physical therapy. GERMANY . Yet Germany leads in absolute thoroughness and mastery of detail in medical teaching. Berlin is still the great center, but if one prefers the smaller city, with its friendly neighborliness and closer contact with the teacher, there are Hamburg, FrankfortfonfMain, Heidelberg, and Munich. Full information about medical study in Berlin may be obtained in advance by addressing Kaiserin Frederich Haus, Berlin, N. W. 6, Luisenplatz, 2f4. Clinics of note in Berlin are the Halle Dermatological Clinic, Otological Clinic at Rudolph Virchow Hospital, Strassman and Jung, Gym? cological, Felix Klemperer Internal Medicine, Rosenberg Skin Clinic, and Emil Hirsch Cardiac Clinic, both at Charitie Hospital. Clinics of both Heidelberg and Munich are centrally grouped together, compact, wellfequipped, and easy of acces? Munilih . . ' t IS regarded as the most beautiful city in all Germany and is often referre to as 'e 'LPea l f Germ n The 'LSi n of Munich" beckons to you. No one 'should omlt r o a y g the great "spas" especially Baden Baden, Weisbaden, and Bad Nauheim. ult iskig ' rin psychological study in itself to observe the masses surging to and fro in the T Halle" as they take the ucuref' VIENNA ,H And then last but far from least, if distance be no Ol3J6Ct1Of1, g0 tvnwlgi remains as the great Mecca of all seekers of medical knowledge fOf 21365 Plilfliausfq and "See Naples and die." See Vienna and live. The Allgememes Kfank 221 ..r.-,X . .X XZ. .V i - 31 ., the "Poliklinik" are still the shrines of devoted doctors from all over the world. One can rub elbows there at all seasons of the year with American doctors and they are amalgamated for mutual help and social benefit in the American Medical Association of Vienna. The "Allgemeines Krankenhausv is the largest hospital in Europe and is over 400 years old. It is only two stories high. Like the "Saltpetriere" in Paris, it is intersected with winding walks, gardens, parks, and trees. Notable clinics are Winterberg in Cardiology, Falda, Internal Secretionsg and Julius Bauer, Endocrinf ology, and the "Zur Psychiat. Station und Nerven Klinik" of Prof. Dr. J. Wagner von jauregg. Prof. Sigmund Freud may be addressed at "Bergstrasse 19, Wien." In Germany, Austria, France, or Italy, magnetic as their attractions are, one is handicapped greatly unless speaking the language of the country. For neurolo? gical observation and study, in my opinion, none excel the "National Hospital," Queens Square, London, The Hospital for Epileptics and Paralytics, Maida Vale, London, the Salpetriere in Paris, the Royal Infirmary in Edinburgh, and the Wagner' Jauregg clinic in Vienna. One of the most notable clinics in Europe is Wimmer's Psychiatric Clinic in Copenhagen. One visiting the Saltpetriere in Paris should not leave without visiting the Charcot Amphitheatre preserved in its original form just as it was at last time the immortal Charcot lectured there. In Paris one should register at the "Bureau of Foreign Relations" to get information regarding clinics and hospitals. While in Paris one should not fail to go out to Neuilly, a suburb, and visit the American Hospital of Paris, established during the war. The Hospital Laribosierre is also wellfworth a visit. Visitors to the Royal Infirmary in Edinburgh should not fail to step across the Court and inspect the palatial buildings of Edin' burgh. Step into the amphitheatre and try to sit for an hour's lecture in those "nonf sleep" seats. One forms the idea that Scotch thrift is even applied to saving sleep. Would that we had those seats in Bellevue, especially during the late afternoon lecture hours! It is a far cry from the democratic simplicity of our American institutions to the dignity and formality of some of the European ones. But that need deter no one if the correct approach is made, which is all important. Go fortified if possible with a letter from one of standing in your own country, or better still go under the auspices of a high standing University. Find out the custom of the municipality or province you are visiting, whether the medical men are to be addressed as Professor or Doctor. Many of the men you will desire to meet have perhaps been knighted or honored by an official decoration from their government, but most of them are delightful personalities to meet. Curb your native impetuosity. Adhere to good form and conventionality. Ref member many a selffimportant American has unwittingly added to the "gaiety of nations." The hrst trip for cursory observation should consume at least three months and subsequent trips for genuine study from six months to two years. 5 N' N Ag. V' T A' Y 'X xi' '. X .. iflwfr. T' .,.. n j X-TJ4f .GP 4 ..,,.-. 1 A O it I X --. . f N 3 ,.,.ff-.1t,2.--..1-X - -. . -..fa ' J., PQ. X 'A---,of , , 1 I ..,, .--..f fi, 1 , , 222 Military Science MAJOR PHILIP B. CoNNoLLY, M.D. HE course in military science is designed to acquaint future medical prac- titioners with the organization and administration of the Army and of the Medical Department of the Army in particular. In the first year general organization and administration, military discipline and courtesy, supply, military law, hygiene and first aid are taught. In the second year consideration is given to the general subject of tactics, with particuf lar reference to medical tactics, regimental detachments, the medical regiment, map reading, hospitalization, the sanitation of camps, marches and combat orders. This completes the basic course. In the third year, students who elect the advanced course are given instruction in the conf duct of physical examinations, the prevention and control of communif cable diseases and military sanitation in the field and in garrison. Fourth year students take up the subjects of military hospitalization and evacu- ation, medical and surgical diseases peculiar to war, medical aspects of chemical warfare, aviation medicine, the rules of land warfare and mobilization. Durf ing one summer vacation advanced course students attend camp for a period of six weeks at the Medical Field Service School, Carlisle Barracks, Pa. Here a practical course in field service emphasizes andiillustrates the didactic instruction given in the first and second years. Completion of the advanced course make the student eligible for commission as First Lieutenant in the Medical Sections of the Officers' Reserve Corps. At the termination of a five year detail as Professor of Military Science and Tactics, I take this opportunity of expressing to the Dean, the faculty, and the student body my appreciation of the cordial welcome, unfailing support, and constant help I have received. I leave the Reserve Officers' Corps Training Unit in a flourishing condition, this happy state is creditable almost wholly to the attitude of the student body. They have accepted the R. O. T. C. course in principle and in practice, and in increasing number each year have sought admission to the advanced course. Bellevue men are taking their proper place in the scheme of national defense pref pared to uphold the glorious traditions of their fathers in medicine-the Bellevue men of an earlier date. FUTILITY Who deals in souls? Ye blind bats that see but The colored flask, and not The fine, rare wine within? Or think, ye selffinflated gods That lives are saved or cured. Your efforts futile against Destiny's thick brick wall. 223 X Jw 1 I T w I w X W 1 1 1 . , , 1 224 I i i W Fl' W. N12 XW x 13?- P 1 sf i ? S i J I Y I I 1 1 4 1 l I ! Q f l 1 1 , lx? Nl ,311 xxx, E S I I x , E 1 f l ' 5 i H' I N1 VW 2 EH - I' N 'w xgfl' m 14.33, el . ! lil!! lain , qw! U' up, l'u',1 4 i' lm' mi. I '1 We H' . 5 P, W MV W , W' km M' .yrl wl'i1 - wix 5 226 UU M LILLIAN GOODMANSON 'You've seen this face before And often wished that there were more That made you feel quite so serene just before you saw the Dean. Her desk is next to the Door of Woe Where now and then some of us go She guards the portals in a queenly way GERTRUDE FLYNN Dynamic, irresistible Gertie Flynn To be meek and quiet is a sin. When you go strutting down the halls 'Your laughter rings within these walls. From ofice to suppy room you go your flitting way And when one wants to stop and talk, ou haven't time to sta 3' 5' 'Yet puts. a cheer where there was We hope you'll change your attitude dismay- For being high hat is quite rude. GERTRUDE REN KE The newest of all are you To whom our ways are new And yet you seem to please With perfect ease. 'Tour solitude will break its spell Before ere long we know you'll tell Us to be going on our way And bother you some other day. TYYNE REINBERG This rou of curves with hair of gold MARY FRAGOLETTI Mary, Mary, who's not contrary Why do you work so hard? 'Tour forehead's wrinkled but not from care We know you've given that beau the air. 'Youlre always bending over your desk That yearly catalogue's a pest We know your work is not much fun But what you start is as good as done. p 1 Of wide, frank smile, and gaze that's b lcl. That's Tlyyne who of Norse descent, Types all day to pay the rent. That smile of hers is on the go There's not a thing she doesn't know To many a heart she has the keys Let's give the little girl a big hand, please. W7 TOBEY His back is getting weary from the toil of many a year His nose is kind of reddish-they say its from beer But hels always waiting at that bell And always has a joke to tell. The chalk is always in its place The implements are in their case This sage of old knows what to do And has some years before he's through. KERNER 'You seem to make our life a dream For' when the profs let off their steam XVe leave the place and get our coats And learn it all in Kernerls notes. Between your shelves of countless books And dusty notes in hidden nooks One finds the dope that he desires Among the writings of our sires. CHARLIE SHIELDS Do you need some pen and ink-See Charlie. Wlieii you want a new lab coat-See Charlie. The books assigned, you've got to get -See Charlie. If you're feeling glum and blue Want some one to say-"How'd'you" -See Charlie. Hels always in his place He loves the human race His voice has got a ring So when he talks you like to sing- That's Charlie. SMITTY, THE COP The pulse of traffic throbs upon the wrist of time And yet he stops it with an ease sub' lime. His hand goes up and charging monsters cease Their onward plunge-to wait and wheeze. Through snow and rain he stands, A statute that does ever seem To know what's next to do, And when to let the next "bus" through. l "KID WASSERMAN By using tubes and colored things, He finds the spirochete, And if you know how fast it swims This is no little feat. .For school and state he's worked eight years, ' To find this nasty bug, For complement fixation, To him, is just a shrug. 1 x -Q Tho tasks be tiresome, honors few, 'Yet man will e'er find work to do. The joy sublime, the golden treasure Is best obtained from others pleasure NEW YORK UNIVE RS ITY 'nm UNNERSITYAND BELLEVUE Hosrrnu. MEDICAL coL1.1:Gf: OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY 338 EAST 26 srRsm:,Nnw Yom: April 1, 1929. To the Bellevue Violet of 1929: Although this is the fifth 'publication of the Bellevue Violet, it is the first one for which I have acted as advisor. The tremendous amount of work which the publication of this book entails has impressed me all through the year. Its value-as a common medium of expression to both student and faculty I think is obvious, and it also acts as a bond between the alu ni and students. As advisor I have seen most of the material going into this book and I wish to congrat- ulate the Board for their work and thank them for their uniform thoughtfulness to me in my association with them. It is also a source of much pleasure to me that the Board has seen fit to dedicate this Violet to Doctor Wright, who so fully deserves their appreciation. Very truly, Tigslhiogilzgc off, M.D. Secretary. 233 ,fi A ,f4 The 1929 Bellevue Violet EXECUTIVE BOARD Editorfinfffhief OSCIAR DREXLER Business Manager JOSEPH HILLEL Art Editor JOSEPH A. RUBE Faculty Advisor JOHN WYOKOEE, M.D. EDITORIAL BOARD Associate Editors LEO WILSON HERBERT BERNER Assistant Editors JOSEPH HODAS ARTHUR S. STRAUSS ART BOARD Associate Art Editor ' FRANK A. BAILEY NORMAN R. SHULAOK FRANK H. NETTER PHOTOGRAPHY BOARD Photography Editor BENJAMIN HORN ARTHUR ABRALISON J ABRAHAM H. FRIEDMAN JEROME S. RAUOH GRINDS BOARD Grinds Editor JACOB WEINSTOCR AMES GORDON MARSHALL S. BROXVN, JR. HARRY KIEL BENJAMIN FEUERSTEIN BENJAMIN HYMAN HUMOR BOARD GLASSES ORGANIZATIONS ANGELO A. AOAMPORA HUGH M. BABBITT, JR. ' EDXVARD N. BOORRAJIAN LEXVIS F. ELLMORE THEODORE BAUM BUSINESS BOARD JULES W. SMOLEROFF HENRY D. T ATERKA SAMUEL H. RUBINFELD ARTHUR M. TIBER CONTRIBUTORS ZAORARY R. COTTLER DAVID WEINTRIAUB SIDNEY RUBINFELD HENRY L4.xVEN LOUIS B.-XSKIN 234 THE STAFF The Violet The violet in her greenwood bower, Where hirchen boughs with hazels mingle, May boast itself the fairest flower In glen or copse or forest dingle. Though fair her gems of azure hue, Beneath the dewclrop's weight recliningg I've seen an eye of lovelier blue, More sweet through watery lustre shining. 235 Scott. i H, ,, ,. , ' - v"- . s f", 'ffkzi' x -9" 1.-LVI v7-'1 2 -"L-,V " '24 , kiwi nf-r'.,,f 'SS A '1 X , , ' fV,:,gV5-,gf ,"' , 73 ' .' 'V .fakfy f , 1 ,,fV.- Q-.Bw 1 -:f'TA:,.. -Th p-.,x,f'..,,,, A.zf.f,,- , , af Agfa-,,' gp,-gi a V, ff f fi ' . ,',' "N -. 'C254 1 - 13 r ug Y . 1 371025 ' 1' ' 'fi W-3'9i2?"'5--4151.5 Z , ,,.2',, ly V f V 4 ., , ,, 4, 4,4 YY. 7419 - V4 2 f- M , , ' . ' fggawg ... .V-. ., ., V ,W V, ., .. ,Q , ji " l 15214615 ' - f . 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JOSEPH RUBE 238 -A H. .r I N 2 l w -gf A "Tiff .X- .,,, 2. .6144 I I ,E I OFFICE IN ACTION 1 I 5 +I X Y I l I I I 3 II I ' ' I , I 259 I - ' - QL-Q--,.A-..N ,-,, ll: , , M' v A f.-N x -drf, 1 . ,f 1 X if X X -J Y N 1 , , I I . Q I 1 5 1 I J 3 A J I I 1 i A 4 f 1 v V! . . ff 1 . fx f 1 w ',1 N , w X J Y, if V " , I H. .- -an Nw .i 1 Y - W X, 1 - . , , ' A xi 1 ' -f"' A A, fx 1. i......?G X V f r ff- X- f . . 3 1 '. - . '. . , - ,, .,-" ' '.' wg ' . ' ,. " , , , . , I R.y rl 1 I ' - I , A V X f X . , f 1, , 1' - 1 , How, oh how in a busy day They still find time for fun cmd play. Of friendship too, they find their shave And, grouping, shave each othefs care Roster PHI ALPHA SIGMA NU SIGMA NU PHI DELTA EPSILON TAU EPSILON PHI SIGMA OMEGA PSI PHI LAMBDA KAPPA ALPHA MU SIGMA LAMBDA PHI MU THETA KAPPA PSI ZETA PHI ALPHA OMEGA ALPHA 243 ., Phi Alpha Sigrna Eight Chapters Founded 1886 Fosco Ganong Rauschenbach Q Zailsky Kostecki Wolf White Garity Conant Edlich Romano Wahn Levinson Daly Bookrajian Laroina Marshall Dittrich 244 C' 45615 Y L! . 'I I X5 .I A 0939 JP1 I Alpha Chapter Established 1886 FRATRES IN FA CULTATE GEORGE D. STEWART HARLOW H. BROOKS AUSTIN FLINT JOHN DOUGLAS HERMAN A. HAUBOLD CHARLES W. WALKER WILLIAM H. BARBER GEORGE A. KOENIG GASTON LABAT LEON T. LEWALD LUTHER B. MACKENZIE WARREN COLEMAN WILLIAM J. PULLEY MILLS STURTEVANT WILLIAM C. LUSK EMIL J. PELLINI LEIGH F. STURGES GUSTAVE J. NOEAGR WILLIAM M. FORD EDWARD S. MCSXVEENY ARTHUR J. HUEY LOUIS C. LANGE DAVID N. BARROWS LAMONT H. FISCHER FILIP J. WETTERVIK EUGENE F. RUSSELL H. C. HANCOCK ELMER I. HUPPERT H. C. RUSSELL I JOSEPH CROCE THEODORE H. ELSASSER EVERETT G. FAUSEL THOMAS J. GALVIN ALFRED A. JOHNSON WILLIAM N. BAREARITO CHARLES G. DAUGHERT ERATRES IN PRAESENTI EDNVARD N. BOORRAJIAN JOSEPH E. LAROINA FRANK A. MARSHALL EBERHARD O. DITTRICH CHARLES WAHN RALPH E. CONANT GILBERT E. GANONG CHARLES F. WOLF CHARLES J. GARRITY CLASS CLASS CLASS CLASS JOSEPH OF 1929 OF 1930 OF 1931 OF 1932 KOSTEKI 245 JOSEPH P. DALY EVERETT PROBST LEROY LEVINSON MAJOR S. WHITE PAUL ROMANO THEODORE J. EDLIGH WILLIAM N. FOSGO JOHN E. ZAILSIQY PAUL E. RAUSCHENBACH Y Nu Sigma Nu Thirtyfseven Chapters Founded 1882 Knight Wood b Riegel Roemaet Bertha Fulton Carroll Iehl Stage McBu17ney Bates Mason Tweedy Curnee Falk Brennan Holland McManus Small Long Keckeisen Connell Kane Crawford Winters McMahon Older Delnrancesco Ellmore Moody 246 , -'! -Dlx .A XI Chapter Established 1897 FRATRES IN FACULTATE SAMUEL BROXVN ROBERT CARLISLE ARTHUR WRIGHT GEORGE WALLACE WILLIAM PARK ARTHUR MANDEL WILLIAM NORTHRUP JOHN MANDEL JOHN SAWHILL EDWARD KING EDWARD LIVINGSTON EDWARD FISHER EDXVARD DENG1-I LEE HURD ROBERT WILSON JOSEPH MONTAGUE SYLVESTER LEAHY WINIFRED HARTSHORN HENRY WANDLESS EDWARD RIMER FRANCIS SOVAK LYMAN CROSSMAN BEN KEY ANTHONY BOGATKO FRATRES IN PRAESENTI WILLIAM C. CARI-IART LEWIS F. ELLMORE, JR. ROBERT' D. KANE, JR. JOHN W. CRAXVFORD EDGAR H. BATES CHARLES E. BRENNAN CHARLES C. FALK, JR. PHILIP T. HOLLAND FRANK H. KECKEISSEN NICHOLAS BERTHA JOSEPH P. CARROLL JAMES H. EWING HARRY L. FULTON JOSEPH R. JEHL CLASS OF 1929 CARL J. WELGE CLASS OF 1930 ALBERT H. WINTERS CLASS OF 1931 EARL DEW. STAGE CLASS OF 1932 HENRY E. MCMAHON HAMDEN C. MOODY LAURENCE C. OLDER JOHN E. DEFRANCESCO GEORGE F. LONG, JR. WAYLAND H. MASON, JR. HAROLD S. MCBURNEY ALBERTO RIVERO FREDERICK R. SMALL WILLIAM T. KNIGHT, JR. WILLIAM A. RIEGEL, JR. CHARLES M. ROEMAET ROBERT B. TWEEDY WILLIAM WOOD I ., V, W J . 16 x . 55, 247 X - xv... Phi Delta Epsilon Fortyfseven Chapters Founded 1900 ' Horn Hantman Gang Trachtenberg Vorzimer Bran deleone Jacobs Danzis Kahn Hermann Chasis Goldstein Strauss Salway Rauch Solomon Ehrenfeld Cohen Ehrlich Taterka Lief Raisman Milch Hyman Hodas Groopman Wilson Horn Drexler 248 .af In J pun I " 'wig Beta Chapter Established 1901 FRATRES IN FACULTATE SIMON R. BLATTEIS BRET RATNER HENRY C. FALK ISIDORE WEINSTEIN BEN SI-IERWIN HERMAN L. WENGER SYLVAN MANNI-IEIM SAMUEL STANDARD HERMAN HORN EMANUEL D. FRIEDMAN LOUIS B. SACHS BERNARD ROBBINS LOUIS L. SHAPIRO MENDES WECHSLER FRATRES IN PRAESENTI JOSEPH HODAS BENJAMIN HYMAN LAWRENCE LIEE BENJAMIN HORN JULES SMOLEROFF BERNARD MILCH ABRAHAM SOLOMON HERBERT CHASIS NATI-IANIEL HERMANN DAVID COHEN ALBERT SCI-IWARTZ SIDNEY BECKER FRANK NETTER HENRY HORN HAROLD BRANDELEONE LEWIS JACOBS LOUIS DANZIS CLASS OF 1929 HENRY TATERRA CLASS OF 1930 CLASS OF 1931 JEROME RAUCH OSCAR DREXLER VICTOR RAISMAN SAMUEL GROOPMAN LEO WILSON HARRY EHRLICH PHILIP GOLDSTEIN ARTHUR STRAUSS NORMAN SHULACK IRVING EHRENEELD HAROLD HANTMAN BENJAMIN SALWAY LAWRENCE GANG JEFFERSON VORZIMER HAROLD TRACHTENBERG JACK ROSOFE I. WILLIAM KAHN 249 J Tau Epsilon Phi Twentyfeight Chapters Founded 191 O Abeles Rubinfelcl Hillel Frank Leavitt Schwartzwald Ladin Buchbinder Marks Baron Romanowitz Singer Schwartz Rosenberg Gordon 250 J :wavy .- I H a. 5- E. .. an 6' as as ' fn Q- fb .- al In ..--,Q-H-.. .Zeta Chapter Established 1914 FRATRES IN FACULTATE JACOB FRIEDRIAN JACK M. LEWIS EDXVARD GRESSER HAROLD LIGGETT XXIILLIAM GOLDRING BENJAMIN BIESSINGIR S. SYRI NEWRIAN IRWIN YVELLEX HIPPOLX'TE M. XXIERTHEIB FRATRES IN PRAESENTI CARL BARON JARIES GORDON JOSEPH HILLEL MILTON M. ABELES HERBERT H, BURGER NATHAN FRANK JACOB H. BUCHBINDER GERSON HOLLANDER HAROLD KESCHNER CLASS OF 1929 CLASS OF 1930 SAMUEL RUBINFELD CLASS OF 1931 CLASS OF 1932 GEORGE SGHWART: GEORGE SINGER BENJAMIN RORIANOWIT: JACK LEAVITT BERT 'NIARKS LEON ROSENBERG SEYMOUR Z.-XLLER PHILIP LADIN IRVING STARIN 251 I xv, f Sigma Cmega Psi Eighteen Chapters Founded 191 2 4.,......1 Chrisman Ross Swiller Wexler Steinberg Wechter Kaufman Freed Glick R nbliett Rubenstein Margaretten Pomerance Laven ose Greenberger Rosenthal Stein Goodman Blume Kaplan Land aw Becker Kossin Shonfeld Siegel Wiener 2 5 2 . 7' 1' 5, .1 .. ,, - . - - S7 - ,, -v. t f I ' - ". .' no .. XXL -. .. . ... .1 Gamma Chapter Established 1917 FRATRES IN FACULTATE LOUIS A- BUNIM DAVID L. ENGELSHER HARRY BLLIM HENRY KELLER BENJAMIN DUBOVSKY LOUIS TULIPAN FRATRES IN PRAESENTI JOSEPH BECKER HERLIAN B. KAPLAN HYLIAN BLUME IRVING CHRISMAN MORRIS GOLDMAN HARRY H. KAUFMAN BENJAMIN KossIN CLASS OF 1929 HENRY LAVEN CLASS OF 1930 LOUIS WIENER CLASS OF 1931 Louis LANDAXV 253 WILLIALI POMERANCE ISIDORE M. SIEGEL LOUIS ROSENBLIETT KEEVE ROSENTHAL SELIG J. Ross WILLIAM SHONFELD IRWIN D. STEIN Phi Lambda Kappa Thirtyffour Chapters Founded 1907 - .... li- Fabricant Kaiser Gertner Feig Ioife Eisenberg Werner Sussman Altman Cohen Razinsky Krantz Sperber Nemhauser Borsher Tushnet Ioffe Feuerstein Wiener Goldberg Richter Eisen Moskowitz Bergstein Edelstein ' ' Lawrence Gutman Schweitzer Rubenfeld Epstein 254 V 1 . . .., . . 1' ' - . ,LUIID Z. 'ul ?4 5, as Q as' nl 1. nu' 1 .- Eta Chapter Established 1918 FRATRES IN FACULTE ABRAHAM ABRAHAMSON 1, ALLEN YAGER FRATRES IN PRAESENTI JOHN E. EDELSTEIN MILTON 1. EISEN ISIDORE L. EPSTEIN BENJAMIN FEUERSTEIN BENJAMIN BAROLSRY DAVID BERGSTEIN IRVING BORSHER PAUL E. GUTMAN SAMUEL A. GOLDBERG DAVID ALTMAN EMANUEL COHEN MILTON FEIG ELI EISENBERG BENJAMIN FABRICANT SAMUEL I. GERTNER PHILIP M. JOFFE CLASS OF 1929 SAUL WM. HOEES CLASS OF 1930 CLASS OF 1931 CLASS OF 1952 LOUIS XVERNER 255 ELIAS D. LAXVRENCE WILLIAM MOSKOXVITZ JOSEPH SCHULTZ M. FRED WIENER GUSTAVE NEMHAUSER EMANUEL SCHXVEITZER RUBIN TUBOXVITZ SIDNEY RUBENFELD EMANUEL RICI-ITER SIMON KRANTZ LOUIS RAZINSRY LEONARD TUsI-INET SIDNEY H. JOFFE ALEXANDER KAIsER PERRY A. SPERBER LEON SUSSMAN 'VIZ' Alpha Mu Sigma Nineteen Chapters Founded 1919 Weintrob Sober Levy Anapoell Rabinowitz Cottler Schwartz Stone Hellman Baskin Savitt Silverstein Goldfinger Block Berner Matelson Dalven 256 Theta Chapter HERBERT J. BERNER NATHAZNIEL BLOCK LOUIS BASRIN EMANUEL HELLMAN MAIJRICE GOLDFINGER Established 1922 CLASS OF 1929 ISADORE MILLER CLASS OF 1930 JOSEPH DALVEY SAUL MATELSOY ROBERT SAVITT RICHARD SCHXVARTZ JOSEPH SILVERMAN FRATRES IN PRAESENTI WILLIALI ANAPOELL ZACHARY COTTLER JOHN LEVY CLASS OF 1931 MELVIN STONE CLASS OF 1952 257 NATHANIEL GREENSTEIN SAMUEL SOBER DAVID VVEINTROB Lambda Phi Mu Twelve Chapters Founded 1920 N- ,' DeMichele Madonia Melore Chiarchiaro Lombardo Legato Privitera Stella Mombello Maggio Vellozzi Acampora Fratello Ferrara Marra Ingoglia Suriano Candia 258 f . . 1 I I A , im.. Stub , I fn . .,v 9,4 A -1 If ' .1-A f II: ' '. NI H 'a-...- va - Gamma Chapter Established 1922 FRATER IN FACULTATE HAROLD H. LARDARO FRATRES IN PRAESENTI ANGELO ACANIPORA FRANCIS I CANDIA LOUIS R FERRARO SUccORsO A SURIANO ROLAND DEMICHELE ROSARIO MAGGIO MARIO STELLA CLASS OF 1929 CLASS OF 1930 CLASS OF 1931 LOUIS FRATELLO NICHOLAS INOOGLIA CARMINE MELORE ALFRED MARRA DONIINIC MADONIA PETER MOMBELLO GWEDY Q VELLOZ SALVATORE CHIARCHIARO SAMUEL LEGATO ANTHONY PRIVITERA CLASS OF 1932 ANTHONY ROSSI 'ZI WILFRED RUGGIERO NICHOLAS MILANESE CHARLES RIBAUDO DANIEL CIERI i 259 Theta Kappa Psi Fortyfeight Chapters Founded 1879 ndella G Mott Apostle Alicandri Corso Cerrato Russo Sa enovese Murphy Cella Faraldo Marazita Nicolais Genovese D'Esopo Sxdell Crumpler 260 ,I ,In O, 'if HI gray' 'U' Gamma Sigma Chapter Established 1923 FRATRES IN PRAESENTI FRANK C. GENOVESE MICHAEL A. NICOLAIS CLASS OF 1929 WILLIAM T. TURLINOTON Rocco P. FARALDO CLASS OF 1930 ANTHONY J. MARAZITA HENRY ALICANDRI CHARLES F. CELLA FRANK T. GENOVESE ANTHONY J. CERRATO FELIX P. LOIACONO A. RUSSELL SIDELL CLASS OF 1931 JOSEPH F. SANDELLA CLASS OF 1932 261 THOMAS M. GOODWIN JOSEPH RUBE J. FULTON CRUMPLER WALLACE B. MURPHY DEMETRIUS K. APOSTLE JOHN S. D'EsOPO JOSEPH E. MOTT JOSEPH E. CORSO NICHOLAS I. RUSSO "xg ' Zeta Phi Seven Chapters Founded 1902 Rayevsky Davenport Marx Frauenthal Thomson Clark Pao DeMuth Waterhouse Wagner Mathiasen Mandell 262 lone Eta Chapter Established 1925 K I X S '.a""'Z. h. QA un I f 1, I r ' Jf x v ,Ia I, Q u ' rw una CLASS GF 1929 LILLIAN DEMUT1-I MARTHA MENDELL HELENA MATI-IIASEN ANNA WAGNER ALICE WATERHOUSE CLASS OF 1900 MIRIAM CLARR MARION FRAUENTI-IAI. ELEANOR DAVENPORT ELKA MARX MARY M THOMSON CLASS OF 1931 MARY PAOLONE NINE RAYEVSLY 263 A ..-....r...,.,f. , V ----V I -,,.. W uffqilh, Us gk '1 gi ll L T E wx 4 U K9 A459 fi 1f'iaV'!i,Q2A-445 E, L Alpha Gmc-:ga Alpha Thirtyfone Chapters Founded 1902 OFFICERS joI-IN HENRY WYCKOFF .................,...,... .....,....... C ounselor JAMES A. SHANNON .............,... ..................,. P resident WILLIAM POMERANCB ............ ............ V ice'Preside-nt VICTOR CARRABA ............... ........... S CCTCl0.'fy'q-TCUSUTCT 264 Delta Chapter V Established 1926 SAMUEL A. BROWN ROBERT 1. CARLISLE GEORGE D. STEWART HAROLD D. SENIOR AUSTIN FLINT, JR. FRANK A. BAILEY FACULTY MEMBERS JOHN H. WYOROEE STUDENT MEMBERS CLASS OF 1929 EDWARD N. BOORRAJIAN BENJAMIN L. FEUERSTEIN LOUIS FRATELLO HYMAN FRIEMAN ALBERT H. WINTERS ...f- HENRY D. TATERKA CLASS OF 1930 RUBIN T UBOWITz 265 FREDERICK C. HOLDEN JOHN H. WYOROEE EMIL I. PELLINI ARTHUR M. WRIGHT WILLIAM H. PARK BERNARD C. HECHT WILLIAM POMERANCE ANTONIO ROTTINO BENJAMIN ROMANOWITZ JAMES A. SHANNON HYMAN LIEBER --Q--Q-...-..-.. ,, , H. ,f..,:- ., x - N .Qea-,VLH --: :,.,..,,V.. ,- H- ... ., -,, nn A Q . 1" i,g..,,., , - - I f N f X ,J X f 1 1 N M 1 X X 1 X 1 1 x f v 1 E V ,- M-V il ' . . ,XX Q- ,, . M., I ,, 4, f 1 N, - . - A i X, "" 1 S I '. My .1 A. Q 1' fy , fA . 4 - l X f rl, In . L 1,-X X," Of all medicines on this earth, To us, the very best seems mirth. So come ye all and take your Jill, Arid thus help coat life's bitter pill i A Confess1ons Cf A Clgarette Frend My cifrarette I gently livht When all the profs are out of sight. Of pure white smoke I raise a screen And for that Im sent to see the Dean. Why d1d you smoke says Sam to me Because the dear prof I drdnt see Alrwht says he vo back to h1m And apologlze for your queer wh1m So s1lently to hlm I went For Heaven or for elsewhere bent He looked qu1te stern I felt qu1te cold He d1d arlse and to me told You are just a cl1n1cal clerk And you are here to do some work You see your pos1t1on on that 11st Its on the bottom and cant be mrssed I murmured then 1n s1lent prayer I w1sh that I dont get the a1r Now sa1d th1s prof go back to work Abandon the leaves of the Turk And so I went so s1lently And spent the day qu1te happ1ly The day I m1ssed I drd replace And vowed to smoke IH just one place That place 1S far th1s 1S no Joke Where profs are not and one can smoke And so I urge you Jumors now When on the wards you make a vow Not to smoke whlle Johns around For h1s v1s1on 1S qulte sound ' . 5 D 1 ut . ,, , . - Q as - -nv su . D 7 7 D - A -n s L, . . . v a - a sn - 1 - 11 us 11 - - gs 9 7 ' an 7 - 1 lnternitis DEFINITION. Internitis is a disease restricted to fourth year medical students, It is a selfflimited affection of relatively short duration, and almost always ends in ' ' l ttack is at times, followed by relapses and grave recovery, although the initia a , sequelae. ETIOLOGY. aj Pvedisposing Causes. . 1. AGE. The disease is almost entirely limited to early adult life. 2. SEX. The proportion of males to ,females is rapidly diminishing, but males still predominate. 3. RACE. All races are equally afflicted. 4. SEASON. The months from December to April are those of highest incidence. 5. ECONOMIC FACTORS. Both rich and poor are affected in equal numbers, but the symptoms are apt to be more severe in the poorer classes. by Exciting Causes. The true cause is as yet unknown, but many theories have been advanced. The best authorities believe that the cause is a bad conscience or an inferiority complex, but neither of these has ever been found at autopsy. Because of the rapid recovery and the absence of pathology, the disease is now considered to be a neurosis. Intern- ' " b r of ears. Perhaps, after itis is a means of escape from responsibility for a num e y all, the disease is only idiopathic. ' A MORBID ANATOMY. As the disease is not fatal, there has been no opportunity to observe visceral lesions. The most striking changes are seen in the appearance of the patient and occur in three stages: Suturing, Preparation, and Examination. In the first stage, there is a sudden blossoming forth into new clothes, the face is clean- shaven, and the shoes are polished. As the second stage sets in these disappear and the patient resumes his normal appearance. But this is only temporary, for they return with increased intensity in the stage of Examination, and an observant path- ologist can often discern a pocket handkerchief of arresting hue. Resolution is com' plete. SYMPTOMS. The onset is usually insidious and manifests itself by a gradual but . . . . d progressive falling off of attendance at lectures and clinics. This prodromal perio is followed by the stage of Suturing, in which the patient becomes very secretive and can be heard mumbling something about having to "see somebody." The length of this stage is variable and depends solely upon the merit of the patient. It is folf lowed by the stage of Preparation, which is not as important as the previous, but, nevertheless, causes a great deal of anxiety and distress. The characteristic symptom at this time is a to and fro movement in and out of the Office, but a letter from the Dean acts like quinine in malaria. Occasionally, a patient may be seen studying and this should always be regarded as a very grave symptom except in those patients with AOAITIS. Little is known of the Stage of Examination because the patient's story is ver unreliable. It rarely lasts more than two days and either ends in resolution Y or a relapse with the refappearance of the characteristic symptoms in an exaggerated form. 270 SEQUELAE The sequelae most often seen are super1or1ty complexes av1d pm ochle play1ng and neglect of classes for the remamder of the year A very d1stress Ing compl1cat1On 1S a call from the Dean to explaln the numerous absences from class PROGNOSIS Resolut1on IS the rule especxally IH pat1ents w1th mer1t The ult1 mate outcome 1S always favorable even 1n cases w1th many relapses They occur In more than half of the cases and as many as twenty have been known to occur In a smgle case DIAGNOSIS Whenever a fourth year med1cal student appears to be busy a d1agnos1s of 1ntern1t1s can safely be made The only cond1t1on from wh1ch It must be dxiferenuated IS Chmcal ClCflQ1t1S but at tlmes th1s 1S very d1ff1cult because the latter IS also characterlzed by a very stormy course and frequent relapses The d1s t1ngu1sh1ng features however are the wh1te coated appearance of the pat1ent h1s zealous attendance of classes and h1s contxnual talk about summar1es TREATMENT There IS no recognlzed form of treatment Bender and h1s school recommend that treatment be d1rected towards the hospltals because they need lt much more than the pat1ents Heard In Our Lecture Hall STEWART The pancreas IS d1v1ded 1nto a head neck body and ta1l Every respectable body has a head and neck and some have ta1ls IVIACKENZIE You' Thls 1S the second t1me Ive caught you talkrng HILLEL No s1r th1s 15 the first t1me MACKENZIE I caught you before but I drdnt tell you about It TYSON Occas1onally an 1nterne surpr1ses you by g1v1ng you an 1dea Dont you know? SAYRE Come here you l1ttle sucker thumb' BLATTEIS Last week we left the typho1d bac1llus 1n the gall bladder where It was lead1ng a l1fe of ease and d1sease SENIOR Grve me the relat1ons of the femoral artery STUDENT fstallxng for txmej I d1dn t get the questlon Professor SENIOR Its the answer we re 1nterested In not the quest1on PULLEY If I don t know and Barash doesnt know then nobody knows WADHAMS Yes Doctor Stewart HOLDEN A flapper 1S a gxrl who sows her w1ld oats on Saturday evenmg and prays on Sunday morn1ng for fa1lure of the crop KING Supposlng you opened an abdomen and found a ruptured 11ver What would you do? STUDENT I wouldnt do anythrng for It KING I guess you d just put on a label Opened by M1stake LE WALD I want you to remember thlS because lt s very rare CONNOLLY No gentlemen No checks yet' . . . , . 9 9 . ' , ' 2 . ' . . . . , 9 A 9 9 5 f I , . . 9 7 , ' ' 55 ' 05 5 . . . . . . . ' 9 9 3 ' , . . . . , . ' 7 3 ' ' . , - . . . . . - a . f . - - 1 ' . . 7 ' 1 9 ' ' ' I 9 ' , s I 1 ' I , ' ' 9 ' ' ' , . 5, - as ' . - s . D . A - 3 , TJ ,...,,,i "' A V .f ,, . ' , s, .-, ,,., sag: -e , I 7 I-'iff ' . J . 'A:N.,i-91-Q,,,f'a ' s . 5'-'J' 'Sir' ,..,-' f , H rf Q r' Yi in j Vg 1 rr ,,..wf-- A., -47 V-. -. '-My Romance My children, Ive a treat for you, And it would be discreet for you To listen to the story that I so want to tell. You think that it will bore you? No. It's got some risque lore you know. lt's all about the romance of a red and white blood cell. She was a cute erythrocyte A round and rosy healthy mite Without a thought and not a care, she'd gaily pass the And he a strong big leucocyte A healthy lad so full of fight He drifted proudly back and forth awaiting a big fray. day. One day as he was floating there He spied this little cell so bare I Abathing in the plasma warm, he hoped he was awake. Her form-oh gosh, it was divine, So plump, so round, my what a line And so he kept on watching her,-but that was for Art's sake! Love at first sight had come, he knew And so he started in to woo For he would have no other one, he swore y She too, fell like a ton of bricks 7 He seemed to her like one who sticks She liked his style, his healthy frame-and oh-those pseudopods! b all the Gods! Their happiness could know no bounds, Together they did make the rounds But alack, alas! a cloud appeared, and trouble loomed near by. No longer was the sky serene The monster 'LWar" came on the scene Led by a strep and a big "staph."g excitement sure was high. The leucocytes soon heard the call And chemoftaxis for them all Did take them to the battle front-all was at fever heat. The red cell cried, was this her fate, - To love and win, then lose her mate She vowed she'd wait till he came back-win, draw, or e'en defeat! 272 The battle wa ed the whole week thru Our llttle red cell sure was blue She felt herself grow weak and pale she hoped the war were done And he was mconsolable Don t th1nk that thls 1S wholly bull Of course hed fl1rt wlth other curls all soldlers must have fun' The enemy had met defeat And all were m a b1g retreat Our hero wounded hurr1ed back he had to see hrs dame He wondered 1f she d have h1m thus For lo' he d lost hls nucleus' But falthful g1rl she d1d not care she loved h1m just the same The Pathologmal Dog There 15 a doff 1n our lab And he IS wondrous w1se He hstens to the students gab And blmks h1s larve brown eyes He s far from th1n he s really fat H1s coats 15 black and wh1te Ive never seen hlm cha e a cat Nor try to start a fight He hears of tumors of the eye Of cancers cell metastas1s I thlnk he knows more than I Of card1ac d1astas1s He s very Good at d1agnos1s At f1IlCl1HCf polys he s a w1Z He knows the cause of fat necros1s He d surely pass 1n any qu1Z He hears about a typho1d gut And cell degenerauon, He 15 a very learned mutt W1thout exaggerauon L'Envoz Now, Peter, watch youlre not bereft Of your dear pet l1ke Mary's lamb You'll find some day that he has left To take a New York State exam 273 O' D n 9 s - . . 1 - - . , b . ' 7 7 7 . , . , . 9 a - C D s E ' 5 1 D . s - a Q a a , . 5 , , . .- D a . , . ' 5 9 S 1 ' ' News Item: "Medicine of the future to be taught by means of motion pictures." Perhaps we shall soon have scenarios such as this: Aesculapian Apple Sauce T HE TIiIRILLING ROMANCE or A GIRL AND AN ANTI'VACCINATIONIST INCLUDING THE VICISSITUDES or A BILIARY CALCULUS . . . Down through the ages, inevitable, irresistible, endless--medicine has taken its toll of clinical clerks .... Fl hb k Scene in B6 lab where clinical clerks are standing near a sink exam' f as ac : ining urines. At a signal from door, they all drop their work and run. j vs if as wk sc . . . . "The moment I looked into your eyes, dear, I knew you were due for an attack of jaundice." . . . fFlashback: Scene in Ward AS, interne talking to patient fDorothy, who is fat, fair but not yet fortyj The clinical clerks stand around her bed and appear to' be much interested as Dorothy rolls around doubled up with pain. Q . . . With a grunt it broke through. It was free, free at last. The gall stone had passed into the duodenum .... K Flashback: Closefup of Dorothy's duonenurnj ve se is se wk . . . A rolling stone gathers no moss. . . . f Flashback: Scene in intestinal coils near caecurruj . . . P Night fell and so did Dorothy's Icteric Index. . K Flashback: Sunset on Lake Cayuga. Q is :ze is sc vs . . . Eventide found peace and quiet once more in the anal canal. . I Flashback: View from the arnpullaj fe wk ss :ze :ze . . . Came the dawn and lo, the jaundice had disappeared. . fFlashback: Closefup of Dr. Iollijfe doing Van den Bergh.j . . . And with the first signs of spring came the cholecystectomy. . I Flashback: Scene in Operating Room. j as se wk :xg sc . . . And so in a quiet little suburb, away from the maddening noise of the city, Dorothy and jack were vaccinated .... I Flashback: Scene in Hoboken Health Departrnentj FINIS 27 4 Cde To A Departed Moustache Ah, now we are parted, loud clipped the shears, My heart is in sorrow, my eyes fill with tears. Emotion doth blind me, no more can I see, The droplets remind me of what used to be. Oft temptation arose and 'filled me with woe My whole heart resisted,-you had to grow. After nights of unrest, long days of care, My soul was elated by each glistening hair. A Yes, for hours and hours, in the mirror I'd pose, Curling and grooming the shadow 'neath my nose! From each little hairling long points I spun Thus envy and admiration from others I won. Finally, a perfected ensemble, a monument to retain With pleasure and pride for the years that remain. But now we have parted. Woman's capricious charms, You to a mattress, and I to her arms. The International Battle of the Louse Listen confreres and you shall hear A story of the senior year. 'Twas on December twentyftwo, We studied Typhus for review. A Scotch and Irish man did iight, To see exactly who was right. The Scotchman said, but not in jest, "The scourge is less out in the West. Now tell me why this should be so." Said Mc to him, "I do not know. Perhaps there are no beards to rest On chins of those out in the West." The prof then spoke, up went his chest, "You'll find the lice out in the West." When this was said, Mc did not grieve For lousiness is relative. But then Mac spoke again While Mc listened but in vain. i'The things you say may be quite true In typhus you don't need a crew. Be it gentle or be it rough One dirty louse is just enough." 275 A r --'-A -.rxxknf ' W -'f"'--..H-H ' -...f 1 VJ,-j, f ' .. I ,4,,,-.A.. .V . . -. vf - ,ff-s..r,g ' " ' - imp, " , f - OUR OWN FASHION PAGE or WHAT THE WELLDRESSED CLINICAL CLERK WILL WEAR EVENING Shakespeare or Sadie Thompson or someone like that has exclaimed, "How many of m oorest subjects are at this hour asleep!" Certainly, among the lleaders of Y P fashion, the importance of correct evening dress is wellfunderstood. Nothing is now considered more obsolete than the nightgown and nightcap. True it is, who can deny it that they have played an important role in the evolution of pajamas, but l d now, like an old horse who has served his master well, they should be re egate to oblivion, or as Camphor has said, "Give the moths a breakll' Nowadays that the pajama is so common with the boi poloi, the well dressed clinical clerk will do well to wear a fashionable shade. With just this in mind, the writer has collected a series of 29 cases, in which it is shown that amongst the more . . . . . . . 1 h d discriminating nurses at Bellevue Hospital, violet is by far the most popu ar s a e. And this is not without reason, for violet is reminiscent of the fragrance of youth, the joy of life, and the dignity of the oldest profession. AFTERNOON Looking posteriorly over the many years of toil as a medical student, who has not felt the need of a garment embodying style and comfort, something distinctive, something different, for the afternoon smoke while leaning against the railing? The better and more exclusive shops on the Avenue Qfiirstj are now featuring the half' length coat, in white, of course, for the upftofthefminute clinical clerk. But to add that sentimental and reminiscent touch, fashion decrees that these jackets must bear the laundry stamp of the hospital in which its wearer substituted the summer before. MORNING Morning, with all its horrible connotations of work, will bring a chill to many a stout heart, but the mature mind will appreciate that life is composed of sterner stuff than play and will seek a garment that can take the edge off the spiritual frost. For this purpose, nothing is more appropriate than the fullflength coat in white, of course, which will bring to the misery and suffering of the wards charm, beauty, and the joyful spirit of the butcher. Besides, the Dean has decreed it. PROFESSCROPATHY Why is it that our Professor of: ORTHOPEDICS-is roundfshouldered? LARNYCOLOGY-can't be "Hurd" beyond the second row? CTOLOGY-doesn't hear well? DERMATOLOGY-is bald? OPTHALMOLOGY-hHS to wear glasses? CHEMISTRY-has indicanuria? CARDIOLOGY-had an irregular heart? UROLOGY-had a renal calculus? MEDICINE-had afcute nephritis? ROENTGENOLOGY-can be seen thru so easily? Too bad we can't get anything on Professors Holden and Flint-but wait- we're watching them. 276 I haf ,ir A65 ff", 6 .fla- .La Bronx General Finally Opens CALLED GREA,TEST SURPRISE OF YEAR THREE INTERNES KILLED IN RUSH FOR ROOMS PANIC AND BEDLAM PREVAIL AS DOCTORS BATTLE Special to Bellevue Violet by our War Correspondent BRONX, N. Y., June 1, 1999.-Morrisania City Hospital fnee Bronx Generalj l J I E' I Y 5 li ld ' 'T-i7E'lJF-Q-I. Cul' 1 Tir! ',.7 94 V. '7 71 K. 'i 3 l opened today after countless years of preparation and postponement. . This "Dream of theANorth," as it has been called by pessimistic internesfelect, has at last thrown open its gates to a longfsuffering public and clamoring House Staff. The lifting of the padlock was initiated by a reception tendered to the House Staff at the City Hall by Whover Gralen, who wore, appropriately enough, a cluster of forgetfmefnots surrounded by a layer of digitalis leaves. He bestowed upon the interne body the Grand Order of the Century Plant. "You men are to be congratulated," said he, ufor showing such loyalty, perseverf ance, and strength of purpose. Men who have waited all these years certainly deserve the best. Am I not right," he asked, turning to a group of elderly grayfbearded men. "Don't you trustees agree with me?" . "Trustees, hell!" replied one of them in a quivering voice, yet tinged with the spirit that made him sacrifice his youth while waiting for the hospital to open. L'We're the first batch of internes to ever win places at this hospital!" Mr. Gralen gulpecl convulsively at this fauxfpas and ordered a patrolman transferred to Staten Island to hide his embarrassment. ,, Following the ovation at the City Hall, the staff was led triumphantly to the subway, where a special train had been waiting to take them to Morrisania. Only Pasachoff was not present, his arteriosclerosis had been getting worse of late, but he sent his son to- substitute for him. V As the incredulous physicians saw with their own eyes that the hospital was a reality, there was a concerted rush toward the interne quarters. Three men fell and were trampled upon beyond recognition by their frenzied mates. To be sure, there were not enough rooms to go round. Schwartz took possession of the operating room, defending it with an amputation knife. In fact, he punctured several of his colleagues who sought to dispute his claims. nPlease stand back, dear friends," he said, tears streaming down his cheeks. "It grieves me to harm you thusf' At this point a wail of anguish broke forth from the laboratory, and an old man with a dripping beard fled through the door. He was the Senior Interne, he claimed, having won his appointment back in the fall of '26. He explained that he had merely asked Dr. Chaskaleva to do an emergency blood count when she, in a Russian rage, picked up a bottle of butyric acid and flung it at him, at the same time crying, In your beard, big boy!" ,. -, P K 1, .f I 'T I I . I 1 " . f I ,, ...er--. 1 D-W, ."""--.- ' --'-SR 'Q if Ag. If ,Y-a.,....w5 . -,..x .-...---3 l . 1 f,..,..-,,,..ss-'- f , U .ji I A Q ' -,X NLM, J .. ff A " ., , x.-...,- 277 In the very same ward, the same dirty street Echoed their footsteps, shuffled their feet. Arid when we into obscurity also depart To practice our calling, to heal with our art, Letls remember each other, let's meet on thi s sheet Bellevue Alumni WILLIAM J. PULLEY, M.D. The Alumni of the University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College fnumber four thousand seven hundred. Each year there is added more than one hundred graduates. These men are scattered all over the earth. Their excellent training along practical lines has made Bellevue the most famous of medical schools and hun' dreds apply each year for admission to our school as undergraduate or graduate students. It is to be regretted that of all these graduates only nine hundred and fifty are members of the Alumni Association We graduates owe a great part of our success to our Alma Mater The fact that we are graduates of this institution gives us im mediate acceptance in our communities This coupled with our excellent training makes it possible for us to uphold the enviable reputation of Bellevue as a producer of physicians who are capable and anxious to accept the responsibilities of the modern medical man to the public Membership in the Alumni Association helps the graduate to appreciate more fully these responsibilities and brings him in closer touch with men who have successfully fulfilled them Most of us have spent four years in the lecture rooms clinics and wards of Bellevue Many fine and lasting friendships have begun here but years dim our memories as each of us goes forth to perform his bit in the world Many of us will never get an opportunity to again visit the familiar scenes of Dr Carhsles Fridav medical clinics and Dr Stewart s surgery clinics For those of us who will not get another opportunity the Violet will help us to recall our student days For those fortunates who do not wander far away from the portals of their Alma Mater we have acqua ays the Alumni Association to help them renew old intances and recall scenes and faces so familiar to them in their undergraduate The graduate of Bellevue knows that he has only started upon the road to medicine At hool he was taught the fundamentals and the road to further knowledge was sc laid out for him His final worth as physician teacher or investigator depends upon the diligence with wh1ch he follows the progress in his chosen profession He must d I this effort to lwa s be a student and an undergraduate in the art of me 1c1ne n 3 Y keep up with medical progress the graduate will frequently find that his own class d Th mates and teachers have contributed to the advance of medical knowle ge e advantage of meeting these men personally at alumni gatherings will infinitely enhance the value of his studies of their work Ob sl it is to the advantage of the graduate to become an active member of viou y the Alumni Association of the school This will unite the men who have gone out from University and Bellevue Hospital Medical College into a great homogenious mass the same ideals and spirit and will put the study and practise of medicine upon with the highest plane of scientific achievement -,Z 28 'N'-N. , f ' 7 7 L' 7 ' 1 . . . 5 . . I I ' 9 . . ' ' I ffl? A , t 4' ' I ' A iff- T' R.,-' 51.1-fr A lv. '77-f,f"'f' -' an----.. 1' " I ' 3' ' :-, .--' ' . 1, S- ' K f'.Cl'-Liz.. Xff- ia V sq ,l lx fp. in gy Ir' 5. l. X. V M J. s l ,xii Mr ... !i,..., il '11-A 'z i--1 Q .l . ft" 'l , Y 4 J, 'Iv r . ' , I . .. L. .UU Q , I,-"""'-1 ..- ' 5 -2 K .f ,J 1- ---.,.,,', S, , a , ' .I , - V -j , J-L- Q ,gf fr , d,,.,f - g Y -V .-p. , g Lv , 3 V ,, V UL, , VV, , W , L i V' ,V A W - -. l .I , 'fr' fr .qdrj U- L -- lf' :R ....,,,.a..-.-f..' SQL-: ,, L ,4 s ,MTW ' ,- Ji- ' ,l ' L -. . , -f - - It . - ,, :ly 1 'K -1, -' V 'A L -A " -- ' "' , t V' " 41 - l fig . vii- 'j 'f a ,fl 3 Y . . f , 4- f- A I V " 17, ,. yr 'ple-,, L A 'S----'-'--"Ag I . ,,,.f' W , Qi. V ' 'I Tu V , " 1 K I 'V 'F , ,-f 2 i W - , T V 'CTT 12, "4 511,-F 'llflff ,--.fYF,-f , f, , ,, T, .V 4 ,.. wa 2 V - 5: 1 Y, . 3 5 'gf-il ff- L ea, .,.--,,.. .- ,R 5 .1 Y - C ,df 'I ' il -"-M TT .,,.- ,,-...,s A k .,- ,f N--. ,, , 1, l,,'f' Y ' . L K' , A 5. i .fb f , -. f Q. X 4 , ,, . , ,,,,.,.,..-, , , , .sg V. 'L-,CT ..-ff, I ' J -' ' :f , X-ffi .. Ns-- A aa- as s. ,f The Alumni Dinner "Let us eat," the words rang true and clear across the roof of the Waldorf Astoria. Simultaneously forty waiters came flowing upon us in smooth order, bearing the first course. The Ninetieth Anniversary Dinner of the Alumni Association of the Uni' versity and Bellevue Hospital Medical College had begun. Four hundred of us, from the class of '73 to the class of '29. We ate and ate well, Dr. Pulley had arranged a great dinner. The Holy Water, as the Reverend White so ably expressed it later, was plentiful. From the fog about us a voice is heardg a familiar voice. We had heard it before but never with so much depth, with so much assurance, tinged with so much good humor. It is the silver clarion of our own Dr. George David Stewart. Dr. George David Stewart is a toastmaster incomparable. A silent prayer was given for Professor John Mandel who sent his regrets from a sick bed and whose ab' sence we keenly felt. Doctor Stewart commended the practice of inviting the Senior Class to the Alumni Dinner and expressed his desire that this procedure be continued at future dinners. He told us what a civilizing influence the cofeds had had upon him. When a man of Professor Stewart's culture admits that anything can aid him to reach a higher state of refinement, we must realize how far we have to go to reach the Ideal of the Physician. After paying a tribute to Dr. Pulley for having arranged so splenf did a dinner, Dr. Stewart introduced the Dean. Dean Brown surprised us by a startling announcement, namely, that our medical school was to open a Medical Center! This center to develop a strong clinical school. A school which will train the practitioner. This project is more than a dream. The school has at its disposal the building between Twentyffifth and Twentyfsixth Street on the east side of First Avenue. In the words of Dr. Brown, "Our time is coming and is close at hand." The toastmaster then introduced Mrs. Maxwell Hall Elliot. An eloquent talker, Mrs. Elliot reminded us of the part that woman has taken in medicine. We learned that the woman of today is neither the oldffashioned "clinging vine" type nor the equally ancient "intolerant" The woman of today finds that she cannot fight shoulder to shoulder with the man if she has not been properly equipped. The woman of to' diy finds herself equal to the man in all fields of medicine, and, according to this c arming speaker, has a greater store of human sympathy and understanding than the man. The Honor bl A h W I a 'e rt ur S: W. Hilley proved himself an ideal afterfdinner speaker. e all enioyed him. He praised the practice of requiring scholarship before allowing one to begin the study of medicjng, Dr. Stewart then introduced the Reverend Dr. John White. Our only regret UPG? listening to Father White was that we were laughing so much from previous ref mar s that we feared we were missing future ones. Father White concluded his ref marks by showing us in a masterful way that we, as physicians, are able to serve humanity as no other professign The Alumni Dinner was over. A , wonderful meal, wonderful speakers, an ideal evening. .N 1 1 l 1 E l l I i 1 1 X- . 'l -..,..-nm be-H' .t s . 0 W. .35-B ' .. f ii2"""Lfa I l 'A il 'X , .. 282 X., ..-.4--""5 V .1 '--sul 'N J - J ,I 353' J. 'N ,x , MVMCCX. Cfflcers Of Alumni Association WARREN COLEMAN, '91, Pvesident HOMER FORDYCE SXVIFT, '06, VicefP'fesident LEONARD ROBINS, '15, Secretary HENRY K. TAYLOR, '15, Treasurer Committee on Science and Education WILLIAM H. BARBER, Fac. ARTHUR C. DEGRAFF, '21 Committee on Entertainment ARTHUR M. WRIGHT, Fan. WILLIAM J. PULLEY, '91 Committee on Membership ARTHUR R. MANDEL, '02 EVAN W. MGLAVE, .'19 OSWALD N. LAROTONDA, '13 FRANK C. COMBES, '18 HERMAN ELWYN, '12 CLARENCE E. DELA CHAPELLE, '22 SAMUEL BROCK, '16 Committee on Legislation ELMER I. HUPPERT, '03 JOHN WYCKOFF, '07 JOHN M. HANEORD, '09 JAFFE E. JALKQUES JACQUES E. ZIPSER, '96 THOMAS F. REILLY, '96 Committee on Nominations GEORGE N. SLATTERY, '09 GEORGE A. KOENIG, '10 EDWARD J. MAY, '11 LOUIS L. SHAPIRO, '15 ROBERT J. CARLISLE, '84 GEORGE B. WALLACE, Fac.fM. ROBERT P. WADHAMS, '06 , , Q Qs, Y A . 'E ,L-E N--.. RTT 283 . Af -X, - fp 9 AXX .. Acknowledgment THE EDITOR APPRECIATES THE counsel and advice with regards to the planning of the 1929 Violet to Dr. john Wyckoff-who freely gave his valuable time in the capacity of Faculty Adviser. The splendid articles written by: Doctors George D. Stewart, John Wyckoff, Robert Carlisle, Samuel A. Brown, Mark L. Fleming, Frederick W. Rice, Frederick C. Holden, Reginald Sayre, Herman A. Haubold, Howard Fox, Gustave J. Noback, Onslow A. Gordon, jr., David E. Hoag, Major Philip B. Connolly, which helped enhance the value of this book. The pleasurable cofoperation of Miss Bessie Ellinson of the White Studio who handled the many mysteries of photography so smoothly for us. Mr. jerry Nason of the Scientific Engraving Company who so willingly gave many an evening to plan and superintend the execution of this book. Mr. Carl Sterns of the Cooper Press who handled many of the technical details of this book. Mr. Edgar S. Tilton and Mr. Walter S. Cleverdon for supplying the Violet Board with their many needs. The generous services contributed by Misses Gertrude Flynn, Lillian Goodmanson, Mary Fragoletti, Tyyne Reinberg, Lillian Lebowitz, who gladly aided in the secretarial work. ' ln a large measure the success of the Violet is due to the untirmg work of the 1929 Violet Board-who worked faithfully and cheerfully with the main purpose of getting a good job done well. OSCAR DREXLER, Editor. -, ,sr uf' 0-V , .F - .V 1 - Af. - i -f-1-q.,...,g4" , ,,,..a, .- v ' L,--fax "5 .... A -r , es, wi , , sM.-.x ,'.f,f f' ' z frm' Y I K-W L gyx , ilbv ga ,V X.-.f-' , Y, Q V E J ,A-'Z' , V-. 'A an 1 7 L 284 v ' 'N-:sWlQ -,. x I N f- Q X -N., M.. K...-...f vu., P. .-,... .f ,.. ,. si. Xz fxrv-. mu --Q, ,ff 5.3 I ff ,f .7 . f Q ,f' ' , KR : ' N 1, - X 9 - 'f -Q-. ' 0 ,-' 'i, xx, , l R fps. Y I , ,' C'fD'f'f Y ' ' wbfglr. 54,4 : ,-. 5 V , , 3 M., 1 an 1 , lf ' 1 1 f , ' ' " f I ' , 1 1 - ' , 3 - "5 1 2 I 'fr' fl f- f' .,vk,1'f,'.,f' 1 ,-' A Af' , Y Z 1 - . , :mx 'P . ga? fr rx, ,-j--W -Q -V, Tyr- ,-- fy .-Y-3 V: M .-.rf --., ..., 'A " '-, I ,i -J I fy fi ' , ' 5 ' -- u, 'N . 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If , S, ,,:',.f f-A -' , ' , x, , a - S, f',..- , - 2 , -fp 2 . .4 . f ' 1- . . -Y-:Tv-T ,, ,,-:NQN V 4:5 v -mn-:3,,.. I - v n -- V-xi, A -,ifyif , . Q ' -.3 A j- , - . -Ay AL? J. 'V ' 'X --, ,.:,.., - .11-V, f "R , - - 5-" aC JC -lc 'lc POMERUY Surgical Appliances The name Pomeroy has always meant Quality in Surgical Appliances. Inf. sist upon this Pomeroy Quality-it costs no more. C2 PoMERoY 16 EAsT 42ND ST., NEW YORK 400 E. FORDHAM RD., NEW Yom: ? bf ,ac C JC -MQ JL gg H ,.., mlllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllfI Orthopedic - fly! li a ,.fc,,anr,,, u C an . T l l a"'fe Surgical ll' 5 . 1535 lil .M ..i,riinrmiiim.ll A liances xyl -- it .! RoBERT LINDER l T 148 EAST 55RD STREET 'Ll NEW YORK CITY S ' .. i E Established 1863 'XT ' ig 1 Telephone Plaza 7206 3.2- JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC The Schellberg Creator of CoQonic Therapy. A Federal decree fully sustains patents of the Schell' berg apparatus-a scientiiic mechanical procedure, for which enemas cannot be substituted. The Schellberg Apparatus consists of properly drained tables, adequate perculators, thermometors, tubing and glass connections with cecum tubes of unusual length. Efficient and thoroughly profes sional. Send for Illustrated Catalogue Schellberg Manufacturing Corporation 172 Chambers Street, New York City jc 7? 'ff 'lf 'JC jf 75 jc jg jc jf jff 76- U 0 39 92 at , if C it A .I .-L JL -L DL DL DL M - .. - M Q P Q P Nelson Research l Service Nelson Abstract Service NELSON LOOSE LEAE MEDICINE Wlth Research Servlce Bureau for ScIentIfic and Med1cal InformatIon EDITOR IN CHIEF W W HERRICK BA MD Pro essor o Clzmcal Medzcme Columbm UHIUCTSIIQV New T07 ADVISORY BOARD FRANK BILLINGS M D ScD fHarvj Professor Emerztus of Nfedzcuze Unzzmsztg of Clucago GEORGE BLUMER MD Cllmcal Profcfssol of Mcdrcmc Yale U11IdC1S1f1 LEWIS A CONNER MD Professor of MCdlC1l1C Cornell Um L'I'VIf'X DAVID L EDSALL MD SD Dean of Medical School Har md UIII CIJIIX WAREIELD T LoNocoPE MD Professor of Medzczne foluzs Hopkm: Mcdzcal School THE ROYAL VICTORIA HOSPITAL Hontreal May I thank you for the prompt delIvery of the books and congratulate you on a system of payment whIch places thIs valuable work wIthIn reach of CVCIYOHC ARNOLD BRANICH MD DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH Texas County Oklahoma It 15 my duty as Well as pleasure to emphaslze the fact that I belIeve these volumes to be the greatest of all publ1catIons to date and that I have been more than repaId on several occasIons DANIEL S LEE CORNELL UNIVERSITY INIEDICAL COLLEGE Department of Physxology I congratulate you upon the splendId lIst of authors whom you have secured to co operate w1th you In the productlon of your new System ofGlN12lex4gc31E LUSK THE PRESBYTERIAN HOSPITAL OF THE CITY OF CHICAGO Chicago I am very much pleased w1th the PublIcatIon and I can recommend It very highly to HUY One m the P t of exther Med1cIne or Surgery LITCHFIELD NEBRASKA k Th Loose Leaf MedIcIne 15 a very complete wor I find It Ind1spensable I refer to It dally It alW21Y5 ld not contaIns just the InformatIon wanted I w0u be WIthout If H C NICHOLS MD I I R MACLEOD BSC Bllfd P1'0fe.r:o1 of Mfdlflllf Columbza Um cIsItx FRANCIS CARTER Wooo M D Dzrectm of Cancm Reward: Columbza Um crsztx SIR HUMPHREY ROLLESTON K CB G H Professoy of Plzgszc Um ewztx of Cambndge Dogen de Ia Facultc' de Parts Fmncc NELSON LOOSE LEAF MEDICINE OFFERS A complete PractIce of MCd1C1HC by the Med1cal AUfhOflt16S of the world A Practxcal System of Treatment for both General PractItIoner and SpecIalIst kept contlnually up to date w1th the Nelson Loose Leaf BIndIng Devxce RESEARCH SERVICE BUREAU Every subscrIber to the Nelson Loose Leaf LIvIng MedIcIne YECCIVCS Free membersh1p In the Nelson Research SCYVICE Bureau for ScIentIflc and Med1cal InformatIon Upon request thIs Bureau furnIshes you w1th all the InformatIon obtamable upon any sub ject In medIcIne It IS an Internatxonal clearmg house for medxcal knowledge THE NELSON MEDICAL SERVICE ConsIsts not only of the work of the Nelson Research Staff In revIewIng and translatmg artIcles from all the Important medlcal journals of the world IH all languages but also of the crItIcal selectIon study and comment of the Edltorlal Board consxstmg of sIxty seven of the leadmg PDYSICIHDS of AmerIca THOMAS NELSON 86 SONS Pnblullcrs fo: 1,0 Year: 381 Fourth Avenue, New York CIty end me WIthout obl1gatIon the Illustrated lj S Prospectus of Nelson Loose Leaf LIvIng MedIcIne LIvIng Surgery Name Address CIty Please check In square your request State 5 3 ll: fs fl l Z I. u .1 , rf n . , . 4- 5, - - '2 n ' ' 3 - -3 . . f lc I ' 1 D L Q , 'k 4 fs l 1 -- 's ' - . ' - - q . . . . , , . ' a - - ' , 7 , ' . . ,- . ' ' , ' 'ff . ' ,' ' I 'V .' q , I' ' v ' g I U sl , p - , :Q I A I - , , U r I 4 ' .N fi ,Y , . , . , . . , - - , 5 , . . . . g LS ' . ' I A ' I , I E . - 'li . ' l' ' . . 3 . S5 I . I I . I ' , I 1 ' A I A I . I 1 I F5 ' ' ' -N , . . . t -.,...-..-..- --.-.-.-.-..-.-.-..-.-..-..-.-,-.-.,-.- I , l , , racice ' - -- D l l L , , " " . H- A- OBERHELMANI MD' l lj Send me particulars of Nelson LoosefLeaf S :: , l ' ' . .. 1 ' - ' . l ...........,........,...,.............,... . ........... , ..I.. ................,I...,..................,.. . . I - . , I -.--.,,.,.,,,A,4,,,,, ,,,,,,,.,,,,,,,,,, , ,,,,.,,,..,,.........,...,...... .........,,................... . . . 3 . . V V . t . . , . - l C UC or uri are IN' 39 5" gc at jf at 7 ql JL JL JL JL 'uf it at .sc ac .at JC J'- lN ACIDCSIS All the bases of the body are drawn upon Knot.. only sodiuml and lost ' from the body. When only sodium bicarbonate is given the loss of the other bases is not made up. The use of KALAK WATER makes possible the administration of the several bases in agree- able form - an important.. matter when patients must take alkalies for longer periods. llacli bottle carries in spark- ling form several grammes water of the bicarbonate: of sodium. of New York potassium, calcium and mag-' 6 ChUl'Ch Sllzeet ,,,,,,,,,,, New York Cnty EL JL JL JL JL JL JL JL JL JL JL JL JF EST. I879 Suggested by the practice of taking children with whooping cough to the purifying rooms of illuminating gas works to breathe the vapor for the relief of their paroxysms, VapofCresolene-specially prepared cresols of coal tar-was introduced nearly fifty years ago to be vaporized for the treatment of whooping cough. It immediately proved its effectiveness and is now widely sold in the United States and foreign countries. 4.5 B P fe? . -T - , lg: 'ffm It has been found, also, to give relief in bronf chitis, bronchial asthma and to relieve a cough. l I 7 THE ' VAPO-CRESOLENE COMPANY Wg, 62 Cortlandt Street New York City T I pts . , cg 31,400 AAGUSIQQ Dr. SIEGERTS The familiar flavor powerfully masks un pleasant drugs-tones appetite and meta bolism. Elix. Ang. Amari Sgt q s Send for sample bottle to I. W. WUPPERMANN Angostura Bitters Agency Inc Suite 16 14 EAST 46TH STREET NEW YORK CITY uc uc nc wc uc we uc nc nc 'vc vc ar be GRAYZS GLYCERHNE TONIC QCUMP Formula: Dr. folin P. Gray i-1 Doses-Adults: two teaspoonfuls to Constituent . Glycerine a tablespooniul in a little water be' Indications Shen-yvvine fore meals, t. i. d. for after meals Malnuffition . when preferred, Anemia Gentlan - Q Neurasthenia Taraxacum Melancholia h a C0Ugl'1S, colds, bronchitis: teaspoonful Atoniclfldigestion Phosphoric Acid ev Bronchiris D Q ery two hours, clear. C h .. Carmlnauves atarr al Conditions General Malaise Children: onefhalf to one teaspoonful. .-.1. i Gray s Glycerine Tonic Compound has proven the ideal tonic it a seasons of the year for the suiferer from chronic organic W isease, malnutrition, or debilitated conditions generally. Samples sent upon request THE PURDUE FREDERICK CO. 135 CHRISTOPHER STREET NEW YORK CITY ac at at sf. nv. an at at at at sr. 34 "HINDLE" Electrocardiographs Fifteen years' experience in the development and manufacture of the Electroeardiograph are embodied in four available models. Every practical requirement of the large or small hospital, clinic, research laboratory or private office is thus provided for. There are eight "Hindle" Electrocardiof graphs of three models in daily use at the Bellevue and Allied Hospitals, N. Y. U. and Cornell University Divisions. CAMBRIDGE "Pioneer Manufacturers of the Electrocardiograph ' THE NEW FREEDOM Why torture your feet With illffitting shoes That raise corns and bunions And give you the blues! Try PEDIFORME shoes Made on lasts of good style Give your feet the new Freedom- And walk with a smile. Regardless of the nature of your foot troubles, NPEDIFORMEN Shoes will aid you to regain normalcy. Write for our FREE Style Book Mm that tells how to overcome foot Ku ills in the natural way. 'r-1: ':' The Pediforme Shoe Company 36 West 36th Street, N. Y. 322 Livingston Street, Brooklyn 29 Washington Place, East Orange, N. I. -rc we nc nr if JV 3' 3' nc or nr or Je. .f,...,.-- ..-4 .1 n JC JL . JC JL JL llflellirfs Fodd-LA llVIilk Modifier Methods of introduction of a milk modifier and of disseminating information concerning its application are comparatively insignificant. ssential-but what a milk modifier will do is of paramount importance, for uppermost in every physician's mind is to use the best means at his command to help his baby patients. Composition and uniformity of production are e lVlellin's Food acts upon the curd of milk, making it flaky, soft and easily digested, thus assuring complete protein digestion followed by normal bowel move- ments. Unfants fed on milk modyied with Mellin's Food are not troubled with constipationj lVlellin's Food increases carbohydrates in the highly assimilable form of maltose and dextrins. lVlellin's Food adds mineral matter derived from Wheat and barley and con- sisting of potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium, phosphatic salts and iron, all in a form readily utilized for the development of bone structure and for the regulation of various functions of the body. Mellin's Food fulfills every requirement of a milk modifier and its use is con- th the evidence accumulated since the beginning of the study of the sistent Wi science of infant feeding. ' Mellin's Food Company, 177 State Street, Boston, Mass. gc .sc :c ' ar. :c at sf. an :c .wc sc ga, l"l ' TIEMANN y From the beginner's steth' oscope to the most delicate ,,,,,E,,,,,,. J E specialist's instruments, 'F C 5 our line of instruments A COmmerCial size package, J f and Supplies is most Com, tro g e t h e r yvrth interesting . . literature, vvrll be sent free ,, , prehensrve. Everything - , , upon request. 4' needed in surgery will be i found at our store as well The 2. I as fi Complete line Of dies' Denver Chemical Mfg. Co. ' - i nostic instruments, office NEW YCRK CITY A A f furniture, rubber goods, vt T, therapeutic and illuminate B5-ndefs B . rf: fi ' I mg lamps, enamel 'and ,, V, The original elastic glass ware and dressings. bandage Without 3,5 , jf ,V"i f-.i,,,',, fi 14. rubber, allowing -1 4' G I stretch of nearly 90 K W et OM7, Cata Ogue ,-4,4 vivfif-A Per Cent. and refer to it 'sf . For use in the treat' J i for your needs. ' ,fp ' ment of varicose ll " l veins, ulcers, Weak .5 I W ' ' A ' joints, post opera' tive Work, etc. U 'I GEGRGE TIEMANN E3 CO 107 EAST zsm STREET NEW YORK CITY Branch Store-573 West 168th St., N. Y. C. AJ h Write for samples and prices Easilyvwashedl and completely regains its former elasticity. Width sizes, 2 inch to 12 inch. Can be obtained -at leading drug stores and surgical SUDDIY houses. BLACKMAN E5 BLACKMAN, Inc. 390 BROADWAY NEW YORK CITY if UC Wf ur -nc uc fl 7? 54' UC if UC 55' 6 FSF I l J u it 1 1u l-. 5 N F -0 N 1 6 Q 0 Ll Q 2 uc uc or if 9' 'C " 'L 2' 3" 1 W- e as C ,L L as KelleyfKoett XfRay Apparatus. Diathermy Apparatus. Hanovia Quartz Lamps. n I y Carbon Arc Lamps. B Morse Wave Generators. Allison Furniture. E Heat and Bakers. The S MechanofTherapy. HydrofTherapy. T Diagnostic Instruments K. N B.. ELECTRICAL EQIJIPMENT CO, Inc. 29 EAST ZZND STREET NEW YORK CITY Phone Algonquin svesfss P 5C 72 'JC 5 WC '55 5C 'ff 75 7. we ASHLAND UNIFORM CO.. 40 EAST ZZND STREET 0 NEW YORK CITY Student's Coats Price, 33.00 Interne's White Uniform Good Quality Shrunk Duck , Price, 35.00 ALEXANDER TRAUBENER Tel. Algonquin 8255 f D jf Dr DF' 7 I4 I' 0 IJ P 41 P lv I' I' if f' 1 I' in f' Q 0 JC JC it JC JC JC JC JL JL JC JC JC 1 C' Tel. Lexington 10096 Opposite Both Medical School and Hospital Licensed and Registered T. HAUKE Surgical Appliances and Instruments ZUCCALAWS CLINICAL LABORATORY 341 EAST 26TH STREET NEW YURK CITY Analysis of Blood, Urine, . Sputum, Etc. DAVIS fs? GECK, INC. Surgical Sutures Exclusively 26f20 DITMARS BLVD. ASTORIA, L. I. 211f221 DUFFIELD STREET BROOKLYN, N. Y. Phone Ravenswood 2452 ar. f. ac f. an ac af. ac an c ac BACTERIOLOGY CLINICAL MICROSCOPY PATHOLOGY TISSUE PATHOLOGY SEROLOGY CHEMISTRY BASAL METABOLISM THE IBBIENDIINIER ,Sz SCHLESINGER LABORATORY Established Over 30 Years THIRD AVENUE AND TENTH STREET NEW YORK CITY One Short Block from Wanamaker's HENRY T. BROOKS, M.D., Director Telephone Algonquin 2300 Invitation extended to our new friends to visit the exceptional Laboratory of this city. 75' JC if 34' if JF 'K 38' if 'IC JV 8 0 T' U 'H 15 ' lu Ui n :J O9 N u .997 .ac ac .sc :C Bc er Lac at JC at E-'C -'C lllllllI-llIll!IUIIIIIUlllllflflfillllUl.l'l'll The "Motion Picture Course in ProctoIogy" offers a unique opportunity for 2 INTENSIVE POST GRADUATE STUDY OF RECTAI. DISEQSKES ' '- . ., ...S.,30E 4OhSt.,N Yrk, - ' 'Fi' 3a:'Tli'snw:t'i i'fs1Y2N?2i'iEaTP. 5 ii' E n a n n is: ate n a n :vi .on n . n Q n .- Qc 'ac at ac ac at ac BC sc at sc .sc :F- Q Q. fl .es SHOES OF LL DE CRIPTIONS .1 , at . . f ti' made to order-for lame persons, deformities, weak ankles, flat feet, ,di '5 Q corns and bunions, etc. Shoes for flat feet and cork adjusted shoes J '- for deformed feet a specialty. ,. 1 We have Ladies', Gents' and Chi1dren's arch support- Q " Ugg., f 1 ing shoes on hand, also arch supports. V ' E-f ' ii' -'Sie 5 J. H. BLOCK COMPANY U .31 - Practical Orthopedic Shoemakers L-4 4. New Style, I iT1i'T'i"' 146 East 536 Street NEW YORK. N- Y- Old Style, can be attached FT Inside cork made to' measure. We issue no catalogues to Y0111' OWU SING- ' 9' , ' at ac ac ac gc .wc at at ac .sc at at is g' AMERICAN CYSTUSQUPE MAKERS, line. REINHOLD WAPPLER, President X, , Pac' mll1fllml'M.I. .P'G. we tl - N f First Cystoscope Manufacturers in U. S. A. ,Ri MARK 450 wi-11TLoCK AVENUE TRADE Q MARK U ..:f.....s,W.off. NEW YORK CITY "':"""5""""" 'Q For approximately 25 years the American Cystoscope Makers, Inc., fA.C.M.l.j have produced cystoscopes and other electrically lighted diagnostic instruments for the Medical Profession. u These instruments have always been identified by the above tradefmark. " Information about, or repair service for, any cystoscope or other instrument bearing A.C.M.l. tradefmark may be had by referring directly to American Cystoscope Makers, Inc., 450 Whitlock ' ' l ntion our regular instrument dealer Avenue, New 'York City, and when doing so pease me y from whom A.C.M.l. instruments will be obtainable hereafter. U 'I Buerger Cystofllrethroscopes McCarthy Pan Endoscopes Butterfield Children Cystoscopes McCarthy Visual Prostatic Punch 5-1 Young Urethroscope and Cystoscopes Mccarthy Miniature Cystoscope Ravich Lithotriptoscope McCarthy and Bugbee Electrodes Bransford Lewis Cystoscopes J Lowsley Rongeur Forceps Buerger Flexible Forceps Calhoun Sterling Forceps :I I. A. Hyams Set of Electrodes M. Hyams lllum, Vag. Speculum Hirst Modification Female Cystoscope 22 May Ophthalmoscopes, Antroscopes, Sinuscopes, Beck Pharyngoscopes, Auriscopes, Proctoscopes, Enteroscopes, Laryngoscopes, Bronchoscopes. nc nc nr uc ur :rr uc nc nc gc AJ .jc uc 1 O ? 5 ..- Q Ke I x ' HC l 3 D A as I 3 J Hou Ma I 4 , 2 Qflice I Equipn P Special I , T5 l Send j Catalc I F' Cf Tel. G1 2 if L, -11-L-3 I ' Q. E 2-1 tl 1, 0 .J 5 n l. - 0 u 'I X u n .F 21 u l . E 'F l ' -J ' 'a :Q , u 'i l Ittached 'F' J ' 4 JC JC JL JL DL gg DL uc Dt., UL jg. IL Vaginal Ielly I'IOLLANDfRANTOS Diaplfwagmatic Pessaries HOLLAND'RANTOS Co., INC. Manufacttcrers and Distributors 156 FIFTH AVENUE NEW YORK CITY LL WHERE SHALL I GO, DOCTORT 'l gp, ,ir ul w lm Qi Q 1 Q9 T se W E ll I Sooner or later, this question will be put to you by an amputated patient in perplexity. We stand upon our record of 76 years of serf vice. During this time we have sent more than 60,0000 artiicial limbs to all parts of the world. A. A. MARKS, INC. 90 FIFTH AVENUE NEW YORK CITY House Founded in 1853 Illustrated Manual free on 'request 4 1 -' an Qc ac :L ar. .L .sc gf. .sn .c an .C I Telephone Lexington 0660 'E ,.. Oifiee Equipment CQHENIS - ' l 'ex , 5+ I Speuahsts American Hand Laundry H: .f' ' To Laboratory Coats Washed and Ironecl, ., f 30 t d tu X :I The 1 CCH S .. Med1caI 309 EAST 26TH STREET L ,T Profession NEW YORK CITY k , :r ' Send for A V Catalogue G. X ,vs Tel. Gramercy 4111 i METRQPQLITAN E , ESS CARD INDEX co., TNC. FIFTH AVENUE PR izs EAST was STREET Stc1fiOWS'PI'mmS 'F k L., NEW YORK CITY 103 EAST 24TH STREET n Tcl. Gramercy 562377189 NEW YCRK CITY CS U JI !f f ji JP a' -ic as me gp 35 - 35 jf' fn uc uc ac aa:-'ia ,L c :C c .1 E C gc ac c ac c an WE WISH THE CLASS OF 1929 ALL SUCCESS POSSIBLE TO THE REMAINING CLASSES WE WILL SERVE 'YOU AS WELL from 0 .I 1 m P302-4 YCUE? N W. CORNER 26TH ST. EG? FIRST AVE. BELLEVUE INN ' New York City 3 BJ '8 Q lf. LJ n I I 3 -Q ur 5 uc -1 -,c ,3 .JC 3 Jr J DQ 12 ag tsl J N- j JC' Thcwnf Uedonm 2620 Complzments o HC DTEL WARRINGTON 111 MADISON AVL and .JJRD ST Two and Three Room Apartments lrlvat Bath wlso Smgle Room and Bath Specnal Rates to Doctors Nurses 1 n cl Students E1ve M1nutes from Hospltal Rates S7 OO pel Week Ind up Wearables or Men Who Ltlqe the Best -Ji- vlv. Weber QLD He1lbroner Clothes Hats Shoes Habevdaslaery Fourteen Stores 111 Grerter New York 6:5 BELLEVUE SANIITAEY BARBER SHOP PETER ACQUANITA 3 jf gc JC 3 341 EAST 26TH STREET NEW YORK CITY My Best W1ShCS to the Students Un1vers1ty and Bellevue Mecheal College Tel Lexmgton 0478 9527 nc U 3' 15 l ' - . X -JL 'L JL 'L DL JL :L ua, M DL ,L DL at k :x V J ll 3 1. ' , , l L f lift A 1 S H 52 - F N- X.i4 ' . M 1 - f ' - - If f Q, , f llfr ' 4 ' l 1 . 1 . Q N I lt, . 1 D ' 0 . ' IQ fl ' T 7 C nv I ,' i - 2 M L lt I v - eiglxx M 'Ll v Ps L C U 1 L V1 . . . CLCTHIERS ' HADERDASFIEILS ' IXATTEILS I E: J J I A Lx . 1 N rv T gg QL 36 'L JL . 'L JL :L JL 'L JL 'L J l rr Q 3 L A of .L T T ' P I ,- , JC C JC C JC C JC C JC C JC C 3? -fix I N I. 4 A llila I f N Q!! L fr fn+'f+fll2++ i ,J C 0 Q P E K P RE S S 203 to 211 East 12th Street TROW Bu1Lo1No New York Phones: Stuyvesant 1938 and 1939 Trmters o 'This Issue and over , 25 other Publications and Year Books for Schools and Colleges c .sc 1. .ac c ac c at .c af. c ac. V he cover for this, annual was created by The DAVID J. MoLLoY co. 2857 N..Western Avenue Chicago, Illinois Phone Lexington 0756 I. KERNER General Medical Book Store Bookbmding 334 EAST 26TH STREET NEW YORK CITY In the Bellevue Medical Centre Phone Beekman 8971 POPULAR EMBLEM E3 "" MEDAL CQ. Mamcfacttwing fewelevs Club, Class, Fraternity Pins and Rings Athletic, Prize Medals, Fobs, Badges LOVING CUPS AND TROPHIES 108 FULTON STREET NEW YORK CITY 'C " 'JC 1 nc u vc 'J' uc UT nc 9 Je .7 ' 14 QF 'Fl Ll 1, 1 n I LJ v 1 cn fl A! fl 1 D I 'J 1. jc JL an L JL J' N' L an I. uc. c -2 v VL? v Y v v v -r' v v ?AY2? AVALYAL ATAT viv v vbrgvgvgvgv ' v I .QlllllIllllIlllllllllllllllllllllIIllllllIIIIllllIllllllllIllllllllIllllllllllllllllllllllIlllllllllllllllIllllllllllllllmlfL' U 6- l 1' ................ .................... .............................................. ......................... ...,.,,. : ' 1:8 .,.,, A IIIIII' - f ESTABLISHED me ee E ' f O ,, E I I f F f 3 V 13-1 W I I ' Q A E I 'TW H E :U I" E " I. 3 f PHOTOGRAPHERS E v- E " E x Q- E I ai E Q EQUIPPED WITH MANYYEARS EXPERIENCE E : FOR MAKING PHOTOGRAPHS 'OE ALL Somns E - DESIRABLE FOR ILLUSTRATING COLLEGE E " ANNUALS. BEST OETAINAE LE ARTISTS, E I' WORKMANSHIP, AND THE CAPACITY FOR E " EE E " PROMPT AND UNEQ UALLED SERVICE 5 ' 220 WEST 4-2 E STREET, E I - :: I f-. EQ NEW YJRK. : Q ZiillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllIllllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllIlllIllllllIlillllllllllllllllllIIIIIE ,' ' I - Qjqcial 'Photographers to , C5116 BELLEVUE VIOLET -5- jf oc 5 G 15 l C c at sc .sc st at dj 'ac sr. JL :C :C Phone Lexington 3433 JOHN KNOBLER'S Sanitary Bakery, Restaurant and Luncla Room Everything Baked on the Premises Under Most Sanitary Conditions- FRESH ROLLS THREE TIMES DAILY If You Want to Enjoy a Good Meal Try Our Home Cooking Polite Service-Spotlessly Clean Give Us a Trial and Convince Yourself 403 FIRST AVENUE Between 23rd and 24th Streets NEW YORK CITY SWAN CAFETERIA 411 FIRST AVENUE Corner 24th Street Home Ma-de Meals Hungarian Style Cooking Clean and Quick Service We Solicit College Tltade Xxx k Come in and be convinced JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC JC COURTESY ' HONESTY SINCERITY STAR AND LOCOMOBILE SALES AND SERVICE THE KINGSTON GARAGE Incorporated JAMES MOONEY, Pres. KELLY SPRINGFIELD TIRES SOLID-PNEUMATIC-AIRCORE 312 to 318 East Tvventyfsixth Street Ashland 0136-0137 Lexington 5749 L. MOZE Ladies and Gent's Tailor First Class Cleaning, Dyeing, Repairing and Pressing 305 EAST 26TH STREET NEW YORK fNear Second Avenuej RUBINSON BROS. Delicatessen 415 FIRST AVENUE Tel. Caledonia 5865 Cornell Cleaning and Dyeing Ladies' and Genes Tailoring 309 EAST 26TH STREET I. PRICE Uniforms for Surgeons, Dentists, Nurses 313 EAST 26TH STREET One block from Bellevue Hospital 'JV 7f UC UT 79 j 'JC 5 'JC -gg -It 3. N I x Q- UQTS E119' Q CHICKERWC' 95 151395 1597 1598 .- , f N' 4HfrCQ,,. 'TW 4, .., 1 w- ' ' 4 1. af 1 'Q- 4 A r af Y-9 '. r." y0o,:" 3 0 ...f 999 A gy-Q'fg.g5,. "im, Q' xx 'Denim 8:50 Vooffsa 1 w. 4 e D' 1 W K5 Qs wah Q6 0: -1:9 f'.Af"' s" Q 'O 'Kea Ybdaiu K' 92-Q ui' 'qi 1 :mn A91 . Q mx: 3:9 "'Jf,,o"' df, 'Q K 1'ou:a0,uc 50 in svn '51 0.90 Q.. in ,,x6,:u,L1 3.9 ,angle zu, we 5,11 J' A qv,oos,r,p 5 059651 ,u v,e U" , " ,X-9,55 fa WI- Q., Jia" 2- -1'-,-.0"W'2v"' . .1 118. ave' Qoxix' nuonb' ' nv u:3"d"'z VX". 'P' v""d'x ' V xc '15 Q1 9255. is g :Di Zvzxougg 20,1195 ,',2,9- W. 1 1 0 ' 9 8 X 0 5 5 Q23-1 1' V1 bk- 'ms 3 'L 1-1' Qs- -'io ' , rx 1 5 a -. z 0 u o x A u , Fg','Ko,511, n1,Y:,911'wvoAX,-1 54: 9 9 x 0,0,xY,,'- , . Qua ons gf- 0 in Sf ' 01,31",.f- Mi i-is An x 'Y' '61, 1 . vor- x' . ""fH""'fw5-4-.1 , '. xg.,-ogoq w 1 v - 11. A f-J :3oB":i'K5X1:91g7: 0 ao 10iv"no new Q00 1- W J 1621: XS XX 6 XMTQEGZXIT ff D 9 X v -1 -J' Q ff . ik of v, YQGKQ 9 Wg of 5 ."" xt agen, 555 ,au eww 1 Q .sn x'-'ln 152: 5?:l'o?gZf90l1401, "b"'4P,y 27. 1924. 1' A' uv' an :me au: semfmfs Coaplqy. ' ,Q an York 01 ry. ' v. I QP' 41- llr. Szonanl: blanc n mr- an I lu vu-zu r M s"1:5.iir.m:: than 1, no and to h I 0 so uuatlvtaly an mp M waxy .Wh 1, fag' Zalhfmzsoirgth ,fiuglbgllzrfxaewff frgplffiy 3:1 42" ' D YB ' 1 I ge s.-nu, 1, ,E ,g'g1::t tags: Minn app:- The an-tn sto., 1111 M I Emu 3-wb le hla ul lo 3 this Issue Q 1 I ban a s V611 91-ouptlf. a us ar enum , n na unnlfn nu' "wif "'?"':g-S5 or w g W' ""'01"'0' 111' the nut ,, b.. .::.. 1. 2123.3 wa I Ad consulted with uber: - rf rad EU that bo ohlz-vous b ' 4-14 In fold sun rm jrg'4tL25'fil211q.:f.'::,r7:4'2off-22 'Kf:',g' P1- believe uni Z :Qf'f:'lb?g't 'bv nr "'-l"- 5519 I lain 1: gg hen -was as rfu- A nt uf departme :sm H?-P: ':::: ...., Sinn 1,7 yo .I ' ' 97'-'ff' Bus af 5 , eh' gf O 1 V 1115 f ed eXc S e o of ha dev P e 1' Y e V ILO cl N Book nasal al' - U wgillege Ship!! raffsman c fp- wg 9 Mm? ' E WEE? 51"-EET' 53233355 4 6 WEST5 406 0 YOP-" QN W 17 L JL JL JL JL JL IL JL SL JL JL JL Compliments of A FRIEND S. G. KREBS CC. 359 SECOND AVENUE Near 21st St. NEW YORK CITY Tel. Gramercy O58 5' Specializing in Complete Office Equipment Internes' and Students' Supplies All kinds of Electrical Apparatus and complete line of Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat Instruments Compliments of HOTEL ARDMORE 42f44f46 EAST zsm STREET Bet. 4th 55 Madison Aves. At Subway Station We Have One and TwofRoom Suites Permanent and Transient L JL L JL SL JL IL 'Patronize Cut Qldwertisers fb 'mc 1 uc 1, vc 1: uc 'r 'sc u -,Q -, JL QL JL IL JL L c ar. f. Je. -t ,L ' -L 21. L Ut' Index of Advertisers PAGE American Cystoscope Makers, Inc ....,....A 10 Ashland Uniform Co. .........,.................,.. .... 7 Bellevue Sanitary Barber Shop .,....,.........., 13 Bellevue Inn ............................r.,...,.,,,..,,,,,,,,,,, ,,,4,,,4, 1 2 Bendiner and Schlesinger Lab. ...l..... ,.., 8 Blackman and Blackman .....l.........,. ,... 6 Block, H., Co. ........,...,,......,...., ,A,A,,,4, 1 O Cambridge Instrument Co. ...... .... 5 Cohen, ,.A..........................,......... ....,,.,, 1 1 Cooper Press ..........,,,,.........l........,,...,. ........, 1 4 Cornell Cleaning Dyeing .l,...,. ..l...... 1 6 Davis and Geek, Inc. ...............t. .... S Denver Chem. Mfg. Co. l........ .,.. 6 Fifth Avenue Press ........r...... ......r.. 1 1 Hauke, T. ........................ .... S HollandfRantos Co. ,,..,.. .......... 1 1 Hotel Ardmore ......... .......... 1 S Hotel Warrington ....i.., .......... 1 3 Kalak Water Co. ......r..r............... .---. 4 K. E? B, Electric Equip. Co ...,.....,.. l..., 7 Kerner, I. ,,..,..................................,... .-----.--- 1 4 Kingston Garage ........... .......-.. 1 6 16 18 Knobler, ......,....,.... .---..-4- - Krebs, S. G., Co. ...... .......-. - - Jr uc 5 ' or J if 3 Linder, Robert ............ Malloy, D. J., CO. ........ . Marks, A. A. .............. . Mellin's Food Co. ........ . Metropolitan Card Index Co... Montague, J. F. .........................,..,.,,.. . Mole, L. .,.,.....,...,.,...,..................,... . Nelson, Thos, E? Sons ............... Pediforme Shoe Co. ...... . Pomeroy ......................,.,.....,...,,, ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, f- 'JL J P.-XG E 2 14 11 10 16 'a . J 5 2 Popular Emblem E? Medal Co. ....,. ...,... 1 4 Price, I. .,........,.........,..,.,..........i........,,...... ....... 1 6 Purdue Frederick Co. .....,.., ..,,... 5 Rubinson Bros. .........,....... ....... 1 6 Schellberg Mfg. Co. ............... .. 2 Scientific Engraving Co. ......,. ....... 1 7 Smith, Martin H. Co. ......... 9 Swan Cafeteria . ,.... ., ......., . Tiemann, G. ....,.,............... . VapofCresolene Co. .............. . 16 6 -1 x Weber and Heilbroner ...,......, ....... 1 .i White Studio ................,.....,.. ....... 1 5 Wuppermann, J. W. ......... ---.'-4- 4 Zuecala's Chemical Lab. ........ -.,-.-,- 3 ge JE 3' fe 3 11 I I l '- 3 vl ' Y ' 1 . I I I .1 .1, a 1 1. Q1 f, 1. 3 F I Q 3 ? l I 5 2 i 4 ! 4 I 4 A 1 ? I 1 r n 1 f 5. li, 5 . 1 K 1Q 1 I Q, ik ii 19 lu Q Q 5: Q 3 1 1 1 1 K , I I 1 f? Pi A F: f I --. a .1 35 fn Q1 '4 S- ri '-. 2 'E E J al F vwwfuuxufwvfzrz-uf--wIf-'11-f-.,-f vm --4: UA, .-fr Lf,-.f...fn.,-w. f Arg- ,., f ,f 1 ,:,-- . f ,, ---.-. .: - . . fs- -- ff--f' -,-.L ..-,-....fkf-'.,,-- .M -,A--Q-. :M :--11.--. .- -,xv -1..g.f.,-r--pgs. ,-,--1-, ., :,.-1: s.v.-4.--Ar..-.:.x.w...Q.:.-wmv f -:nm-an--zuzxunmxa 1 1 . . fic H22 9 ,PX :Niki Q!r,.- W1 , it 'nfl' 5 .Qs ' ef - wg. v--' .1 iii .-,. 154 , AQ L mfg' ,,,. .., . - 1. . K .,,. :Q ..-. 1 y ?s' f QA H4- 515 ' f .H -E .lfy 4 'K ul wi .s " EQ? ,.,x. . Y F3 V :iii . V - mf- ,.- ,.,., , ,,.,' ,-., 'N H -, , J " .,.f-.L-W.,-1...,,,..4f -.--1.-----'-,-f,...W', ff ,- - -Q-1 1. -- . -5 - 4- -- - ---'- . . .--, :-T fw...1'.- ff- grvh-. 1-r-rm. v-154.-1 ,-...Nh .,.. -V J. I7 fa-F-E-,,,A:i,...51Ff'-,g:!,1,..-f.v : ,-.. av,,rrS1...f7,Q. !'f5:....:,hI: yr ,.-..-Q-5, .:,,c":":.u ,qua .N . -. . .., C 1 -ff -f -'s I -r r 127534 133723, 'lfnA9'Bei'411lf""'3'T".-6'bl4'..r51! lXl.. -' 1"i'-1 " ' "4 . .' 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Suggestions in the New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) collection:

New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection, 1928 Edition, Page 1

1928

New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection, 1931 Edition, Page 1

1931

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New York University School of Medicine - Medical Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection, 1936 Edition, Page 1

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