New England College of Optometry - Scope Yearbook (Boston, MA)
- Class of 1950
Page 1 of 36
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 36 of the 1950 volume:
Volume XXI No 4
Sunlight in Eye Care .. . ,.,.., ,, .,,n,.,page 3
by Dr. JU. ill. Spigel
Contact Lenses for Subluxation . .,A,..Ve.. page 8
by Dr. L. L. Beacher
Development of Vision .,i, .,...i..... , .. .....,....., page 9
Good Light and Good Eyes i,,. ...,.,..i.. p age ll
by Srmziuel G. Hibben
Message from the Dean ...,. .. i,...,. .page 13
Last XfVill and Testament , i,.,s., .,.......i.., p age 17
Class History . , ,.,,... H .,..,.,... ...,.......,. p age 19
Editorial ,, 1 .. ,,a, . .......,is 3 s.,.. ,,..,,,...page 23
Optometric Pathology ..... , .,,.,. ,.,,.,.,, y....i.... p a ge '75
by Dr. Artlzm' O. Bruce
Observation ,,.s,,, .,.s i.,........s...4........,...,.,.l,........4 p age 26
Pi Omicron Sigma .i,. ,. . ,,,......i page 28
Omega Epsilon Phi .....,... ..,..,.,s... p age 30
Sophomore Shots i.i,, ,s.. , .i.s..,..,, p age 31
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SUN GLASS NEEDS
SUNLIGHT AND Cl-IROMOTI-IERAPY IN EYE CARE
By Dr. M. M. Spigel, O.D.
Broad-Grace Al'CtlClt',, Riclz-nzond, l'irgin.ia
NATURE DEMANDS PLENTY OF SUN-
Plenty of sunshine. winter and summer, is
one of the most effective treatments for both
body and eyes-and is the most available
treatment for all classes and sections of hu-
manity. The beneficial action of the sun
depends on the ultra-violet ray, an invisible
part of the sunlight, which upon striking
the naked skin changes some of the ergosterol
ta fatj beneath the skin into that much-need-
ed substance-Vitamin D.
A prolonged lack of sunlight causes light
starvation in certain parts of the physical
body and eyes and impairs the circulation of
life forces through such parts. which results
in diseased organs or possibly malignant
Practically everyone has observed that if
plants are left in a room where no sunlight
can penetrate they soon lose their color and
show qualities of parasites. In like manner, a
person who lives in a dark room and seldom
comes out into the sunshine will become pale
and will be subject to all kinds of bacillary
infections. especially tuberculosis. In addi-
tion, the eyes will appear dull and sluggish:
the pupils will dilate. causing a sensitiveness
to light Qphotophobiaj. and clark rings will
appear underneath the eyes.
Animals, through instinct. take sun baths.
YVatch a cat or dog follow the sun streaming
in through a window or stretch in the sun
on the porch or in the yard. Chickens and
birds 1nay often be seen lying on their sides,
ruffling their feathers in the sun. Since ani-
mals and fowls absorb most of the sun rays
in their hair and feathers. little sun can reach
the skin of the body proper, so it can be as-
sumed that they receive in large part health
benefits from the sun through their eyes.
How often do we hear people complain
that they are unable to sit in the sun because
it hurts their eyes, or they must wear dark
sunglasses "to protect their eyes." If the eyes
are sensitive to light or glare, it is due to a
lack of sunshine Vitamin A. And this needed
sunshine vitamin cannot be absorbed through
tinted lenses or sun goggles. Tinted lenses
will obstruct or neutralize the valuable sun
rays, so essential to the eyes and general
health, and will increase the eye's sensitive-
ness to light. And it has been proven that
neither tinted lenses nor sun glasses prevent
glare. In fact, they increase the danger of
night driving. Sun glasses are not advisable,
as they tend to make the eyes more sensitive
to light over a period of time and weaken
their ability to adapt themselves naturally to
various indoor and outdoor lighting condi-
Possible symptoms of Vitamin A deficiency
and sunlight starvation are:
l. Poor vision.
2. Eyes sensitive to light.
3. Poor vision in semi-darkness Qnight
4. Red and swollen eyelids.
6. Dryness of the eye membranes.
In the retina at the back of the eye is a
substance called visual purple. This pigment
plays a very important part in the sharpness
of the eyesight, especially in the ability to ad-
just the eyes from a bright to a dim light.
Vitamin A is one of the chief materials from
which the body builds visual purple. A lack
of sunshine and the failure to include suf-
ficient Vitamin A in the diet slows down the
regeneration of this substance that helps us
to see in a dim light. Other causes, of course,
Under-corrected farsightedness Qhyperopiaj
or over-corrected nearsightedness Qmyopiaj
may also cause temporary sensitiveness to
light, but in the majority of cases it is the per-
son's wrong mental attitude towards light and
its effects on the eyes, and wrong tendencies
and practices of cutting out light from the
eyes rather than cultivation of the ability to
acclimate the eyes to light and sunshine.
Sunshine is a natural neutralizer of disease
and accumulated wastes in the body, and we
should cultivate the habit of utilizing all pos-
sible sunshine in both summer and winter
months of the year. Sun energy is Cod-
given life energy for regaining, maintaining
and insuring permanent health. Any physi-
cian will verify the fact that there is more
sickness during winter than in summer.
Research has shown that the sun's rays can
kill bacteria and statistics have proven that
in sunny weather there are fewer infectious
diseases, such as influenza, than in dull weath-
er. There are two elements in sunshine which
possess antitoxic and healing properties: light
Too many of us tend to hibernate during
the winter months. How many of us who,
through necessity, must work long hours in
air-conditioned or poorly ventilated and arti-
ficially lighted buildings spend our leisure
hours in outdoor activities? It is surprising
from a health standpoint that an overwhelm-
ing majority of people, particularly in the
winter time, spend most leisure hours in-
doors. Because the sunshine is free like air
and, water we tend to take it for granted and
overlook the importance of taking advantage
of every sun ray possible.
A most effective method of absorbing sun
rays in both winter and summer is through
the eyes. Almost everyone at some time dur-
ing the day or week can sit in the sun with-
out eyeglasses or sunglasses and absorb valu-
able sunshine through the eyes. As an eye-
sight specialist, from practical experience and
research, I cannot emphasize too strongly
that sunshine is not harmful to the eyes as
too many people seem to believe. It is most
beneficial to both eyes and general health.
The sun is neither ultraviolet nor infra-red
rays, as many misinformed individuals be-
lieve, but is a combination of all the rays
of the spectrum and is very essential to plant
and animal life.
The oculist or optometrist with a knowl-
edge of color therapy anil nature therapy
would never recommend tinted lenses or sun-
glasses, since he would know that the human
being is so sensitive to colors that they speed
or slow his muscles, make him calm or dizzy,
and distort his iudgment. Impressions on
the brain are made through the five senses:
sight, hearing, taste, touch and smell, and of
these the most varied sensations are conveyed
through the eyes. Psychologists tell us that
the degree of sensuous satisfaction is greatest
through the organs of sight, and least in the
sense of taste. Some of our strongest impres-
sions are transmitted to the body and mind
by means of color. Color is the greatest
phenomenon in the world. If there were no
sunshine color rays on our planet, there
would be no life and we would not be able
to read at all.
Sh HX: Il?
THE SCIENCE OF CHROMOTI-IERAPY
AND COLOR ENERGY
It has long been accepted that the sun is
man's greatest health restorer, but now science
has discovered adaptable means by which in-
valuable Color-lights may be projected and
transferred upon and into the human body
The editor of the journal of the Ameri-
can Medical Association, Dr. Morris Fish-
bein, has said: "Perhaps the most striking
trend in modern scientific investigations of
the cause and cure of disease is the amount
of attention being paid to the effects of light."
That which modern science now calls
Chromotherapy, or Color Therapeutics, has
been recognized as an important factor in the
healing profession throughout the civilized
world of science and education. No health
institution physician's, or metaphysicians
library is complete without available text-
books treating upon this great Natural Color
Science and Art. Nothing can compare to
the sunlight colors as a health producer, dis-
ease eliininator, and beauty builder. Even
the healthful air itself depends on Colorful
The attention of the Twentieth Century
world was focused upon the miraculous cure
wrought upon the body of King George ol
Britain who, stricken by 11 serious illness, had
been pronounced close to death after his
medical staff had exhausted all resources to
effect a cure. Then, thinking no harm could
be done, a therapeutic expert, with the heal-
ing Color-rays, was called in to treat the King.
Immediately after the Color-rays were project-
ed a noticeable improvement started and in-
creased day by day until the King was re-
Ancient writers said that the red blood is
the life. Science has proven that the Sun
Colors are the life of the blood, which dis-
tributes this sunlight energy to every organ
and cell of the body. Chromologists ancl
Chromo-Therapeutists agree that scientifical-
ly and naturally one can heal through Color-
light rays by charging and activating the
nerves, glands, and blood-in fact, every or-
gan and cell in the body.
If sunlight is examined through an equi-
lateral high-power Prism, and then the re-
flected Colors cast from the Prism upon a
screen or mirror, we can readily observe a
spectrum of violet, indigo, blue, purple.
green, yellow, orange, and red. Three inches
above the violet, it will be found that finer
Color-waves sent by the sun are causing a
powerful chemical effect which makes plants
grow. One inch below the spectrum are
ether waves of heat.
Color lights cuie by helping the body tis-
sues help themselves. Therefore, light rays
may cure even when they cannot seem to
reach directly the affected areas, since a vital
response of the entire body occurs when ex-
posed to light. Projected Color lights focused
upon the body generally not only assist in
curing a local condition but benefit the whole
The principle of Color Therapy is to har-
ness the seven visible colors of the sunlight
spectrum into electrical energy by the use
of a white filtered projector lamp and clear
crystal ophthalmic lenses and prisms with the
seven basic selectors, together with their vis-
ible colors, and five commonly used combina-
tions, which total of 12 comprises a wide
range of application in the Therapeutic field.
Many other combinations, however, may be
built up according to the individual require-
ment as indicated by the varying conditions
of the body and cyes.
It is logical to conclude that, if Natures
invisible infra-red, ultra-violet, X-rays, and
radium rays, well known and commonly used,
are beneficial to health and growth, the visi-
ble energy rays would also be as helpful, or
even more so. The visible sun and its vital-
izing offspring of color-energies are "friendly
fellows." Each individual color-energy is
capable of serving mankind, both physically
and psychologically. A color-ray Normalizer
Projector with requisite accompaniments is
far preferable to the mercury lamp light or
the ordinary makeshift colored lamps, since
it has an adaptable penetration and is not
dangerous to the patient, as it does not burn,
blister, or have any after effects. It more
closely duplicates the actual solar spectrum
and can be regulated for any size body sur-
face or applied directly to the eyes without
any harmful effects.
56 all 3?
CHROMOTHERAPY ADAPTED TO
Chromotherapy is proving to be the most
revolutionary modern forward step in the re-
conditioning of the entire ocular nervous sys-
tem. Vfonderful progress has been made in
this field during the past ten years by a grow-
ing group of scattered optometrists who have
been making research in this field and who
have learned the value o. color ray in eye
treatment. The two better known function-
ing groups today are the College of Syntonic
Optometry in the United States and the Roy-
al College of Science in Toronto, Canada.
Instruments especially adapted for projecting
the visible color lights directly upon and into
the eyes have been found strikingly effective
in the treatment of cataracts, toxic ambly-
opia, subnormal vision, night blindness, color
blindness. sensitiveness to light Qphotopho-
biaj. strabisnius or cross-eyes. and many other
ocular nerve disorders.
Chromotherapy has been found particular-
ly helpful in cases of over-active nervous hy-
pertension, tonic spasm of accommodation,
emotional nervousness and hyper-sensitive
ness. Because these cases frequently find it
impossible to relax completely, it is dillicult
for them to accent or tolerate the static ret-
inoscopic finding at one meter. After sev-
eral relaxing color treatments the patient
will usually be able to accept the retinoscop-
ic finding with ease.
:Xl fl? if
PUBLICATIONS CONCERNED XVITH
l. 'ALights, Colors, Tones and Natures Fin-
er Forces", by Ernest Stevens, M.Sc., Ph.D.
Dealer: XV. M. Beighton, 431 Clipper St.,
San Francisco, Calif. QDo not know if avail-
2. "True Chroinotherapy'', by Ernest
Stevens Qsame as abovej. Pub. 1938.
3. "The Seven Keys to Colour Healing",
by Roland Hunt, A.M.I.C.A., Ms.D., Ps.D.,
Committee Member of Cosmotherapy. Pub-
lished by The C. XV. Daniel Co. Ltd.. Ash-
ingdon, Rochford, Essex. England, approx-
imately l940. Dealer: New Order Studios.
228 McAllister St., San Francisco 2, Calif.
4. "How to Cure Eye Diseases TVithout Op-
eration", by XVm. Luftig. M. D. Qllerlinj.
Published 1939 by the Camelot Press, Ltd.,
London and Southampton, England. Agents
in Great Britain: The C. YV. Daniel Co. Ltd.,
40 Great Russell St., London, XV.C.I.
5. Course in Specific Light Therapy",
by Dr. Carl Loeb. Published 1939 by Acti-
no Laboratories, Inc., Chicago, Ill. Qno lon-
ger in existencej. May find in old libraries.
6. Material on the use of Infra-Red and
Ultra-Violet instruments may be secured from
Dr. George E. Crosley, Director, Physiother-
apy Dept., Munn-Farnsworth Clinic, jones-
7. "The Syntonic Principle-Its Relation to
Health and Ocular Problems," by Harry Ri-
ley Spitler, D.O.S., M.D., M.S.. Ph.D. Pub-
lished by College of Syntonic Optometry, Ea-
Note: No. "4" above by Luftig places
emphasis on Nature-Therapy and Color-
ZUCKERBRAUN TO HEAD
Hfith the graduation day rapidly approach-
ing, the present long-suffering staff of "The
Scope" will hand over its reins to a com-
pletely new regime, headed by Leonard Zuck-
erbraun in the ofhce of Editor-in-Chief. Aid-
ing and abetting him in his task will be Lew-
is Rabinowitz as associate editor and the ed-
itor's right hand man.
The business managers oflice, certainly a
most important post, will be handled by
Theodore Goolst. whereas Y'Villiam Myers
will move up from the ranks and take charge
of the circulation department. The office
of advertising manager is ttill open to an
aggressive member of the student body.
The new staff will have its assignment
ahead of it-to keep the publication at the
professional and literary level established by
the previous staff and to improve on it-if
possible. To accomplish this, the Whole-
hearted support of the entire student body
is solicited for the magazine during the com-
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Optometrists and opticians, to some extent,
are responsible for the successful retail business
done by some wholesalers.
For years, a regular practice seems to have de-
veloped Qusually starting as an accommodation
to a patientj of permitting the patient to call
at the wholesaler's for various small optical
services. Upon investigation it might be found
by the optometrist or optician that this habit
is often responsible for a loss of valuable pat-
ronage. The patient becomes acquainted with
the wholesaler, and later sales of services and
of optical items are Rpt to be made direct from
the wholesaler to the patient.
Therefore, if you, reader, wish to send one of
your patients to a wholesale house, it would be
advisable for you to appreciate the fact that you
are taking the chance of sooner or later losing
zozozoizzizzzcicrzmzl::ni11 1 inguinzui 1 1:11:14 iazzniuizxiogwzo
OEM OPTICAL COMPANY
"Suppliers only to Optometrists and Opticians"
333 WASHINGTON STIQEET, BOSTON 8, MASS.
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Prescribe a contact lens with the cor-
CCNTACT LENSES FUD
The correction of subluxation has always
presented a problem. This is due to the
fact that inasmuch as the crystalline lens is
partially displaced. the patient sees double.
This diplopia is obviously due to the two
foci received on the macula as a result of
the lens being off center. One image is re-
ceived through the pupil where the crystal-
line lens is absent and the other image
through that section of the pupil where the
lens is located. Ol course the creation of
the monocular diplopia is dependent upon
the refractive error of the eye. It is also
conceivable that single vision will be re-
tained despite the displaced lens, depending
on the amount of the error of refraction.
Use of Regular Spectacles
Regular spectacles do not answer the
purpose for these patients who have monoc-
ular diplopia as a result of subluxation. The
only time that spectacles help the patient
is when one of the two lfoci can be properly
corrected. leaving the other focus so diffused
that it will not stimulate vision. This can
be accomplished by either correcting that
section of the eye in which light rays will
pass through the pupil without the lens be-
ing there. or else. ignoring this element, we
correct the eye so that light rays passing
through the crystalline lens will come to a
focus on the retina.
lt has been the practice to proceed with
the correction according to judgment in the
direction where better vision can be obtain-
ed. or greater comfort achieved. ln either
case single monocular vision is to be sought.
Hle can encounter some of these cases
where monocular diplopia cannot be avoided
under any circumstances. One of the solu-
tions has been to occlude the eye so as to re-
tain single vision with the other eye.
lRejJri2zlw1 from Ojllical AI0'lll'lZdl-R6Z!i6Zll,
August l, 1948.
l by L. Lester- Bm-lm-, on., F.A.A.o
Having presented the possibilities of treat-
ment of subluxation in the past, the theory
is now advanced, as born out by logic and
experience, that a contact lens can solve the
problem without difliculty.
There are three ways in which a contact
lens can bring about single monocular vision,
where otherwise diplopia was a deiinite re-
l. Prepare a contact lens which will have
two foci, one for the section without the
lens and the other for the section where the
lens is present. This is not practical.
rection for that part of the eye where the
lens is absent. That section of the cornea
which is symmetric with the location of lens
can be made all black, to resemble the pupil
and at the same time shut out all light from
that section of the eye.
3. Reverse the situation as expressed in
the second case, wherein the contact lens cor-
neal section can correct the eye according to
the optics through the crystalline lens and
black out the other portion of the corneal
Thus another new use for contact lenses
has here been illustrated. just as in kerato-
conus, high myopia, aphakia, binocular dis-
turbances, here too our primary considera-
tion is to help the patient with his visual
Removal of Crystallirzc Lens
YVe are not unmindful of the fact that the
removal of the crystalline lens would elim-
inate all these problems, but we must recon-
cile ourselves to the realization that surgery
is not practical unless the crystalline lens will
become hardened as in the formation of a
The procedure here described requires
skill of judgment in prescribing and accu-
rately marking the area on the semi-finished
Contact lens for the purpose of occlusion.
fbeuelapmenl' af 'Uiftian
New Haven, Conn.-A ten-year project at
Yale University reveals for the first time the
detailed development ol vision in infants and
The project, which is headed by Dr.
Arnold Gesell, prominent authority in the
field of child behavior, has produced findings
that established a new approach to the prob-
lems of child vision.
"These findings show that the child is
never a miniature adult even in his visual
equipment," according to the report. "It
should not be necessary to wait until belated
adolescent years to determine the efficiency
of his visual functions."
The results of the investigations are re-
ported in a new book, "Vision, Its Develop-
ment in Infant and Child," published by
Paul Hoeber. Inc., the medical book depart-
ment of Harper and Brothers. The authors
are Dr. Gesell, Dr. Frances L. Ilg, and Glen-
na E. Bullis. Their research was supported
by a grant from the American Optical Com-
pany of Southbridge, Mass.
Their information was collected through
clinical examinations carried on during the
past ten years. The normal visual functions
in their relation to the total action system
of the child were studied at a score of ad-
vancing age levels from early infancy to the
tenth year. In general, about 50 children
were investigated at each age level.
The authors used a variety of tests and
observation procedures in recording infor-
mation about children. Included among
these were regular clinical examinations. the
graded tests of visual skills. optometric meas-
urements, and the retinoscope.
As in their past work with child behavior.
Dr. Gesell and his associates have recorded
the development of behavior patterns. and
these findings have been analyzed and com-
pared from age to age and from child to child
to define growth trends in vision.
Their findings demonstrate that vision is
"profoundly integrated with the total action
system of the child-his posture, his manual
skills and motor attitudes, his intelligence,
and even personality make-up. The child
sees not with his eyes but with his whole be-
fhe Yale report points out that during the
fetal period of the infant, important develop-
ments in the organization of eyes and brains
are taking place in anticipation of the act of
seeing, and fetal eyes move beneath sealed
lids several months prior to birth.
"Birth marks the arrival but not the be-
ginning of the individual," the authors write.
"Although the newborn infant stares vaguely
into far away space, his structural visual
world begins in the near vicinity of his eyes."
"It is a plastic domain which he manipu-
lates in terms of the nascent powers of his
growing action system. The supine infant.
the run-about infant, the sedentary school
child, each has his own space-world with a
distinctive set of planes to regard."
The Yale researchers have established a
new approach to problems of child vision and
they give it the name "development optics."
This new approach is concerned both in the-
ory and application with the growth and or-
ganization of visual functions of the child in
relation to the total action system of the hu-
The authors believe that this emphasis on
the "development" of the visual functions of
the child will broaden the scope and goal of
A'The conservation of vision has become a
problem of vast social dimensions and calls
for a better understanding of child vision on
the part of teachers and pediatricians," Dr.
Gesell states. HOur culture is making un-
reasonable demands upon many young chil-
dren. Our whole technology and education
place a relentless premium upon an alert.
accurate, and swift vision. lVe are in a look-
QPleasc turn to page 12D
OPTICAL CO., INC.
GENEVA. N. Y.
Since 1864 ll lCIlIIflIg'III.lIl11l-
fncluwr of Slylrd Eyvzuear,
Qualify Beyond Question
Lenses and Lens Proccssin
EQllf1Jl'H.6'IIf for Hu'
Good Light and Good Eyes Must Be Partners
Samuel G. Hibben
Director of Apjnlierl Liglzting
Il"C'SffllglIOllSL' Electric Corporation, Bloonzfielfl, N. j.
Modern seeing tasks usually demand a
greater expenditure of seeing energy and
place a greater burden upon the visual or-
gans. This comes about through longer hours
spent under artificial illumination: from the
changing and flickering types of backgrounds
and of objects in the field of view: from the
high speed tempo of modern living and from
the needs of keen visual acuity both at work
and at play.
There have been many changes in arti-
ficial illuminants and in their methods of
application in this decade. Today's light
sources are generally capable of producing
a greater volume of light and while in them-
selves they are usually not brighter per unit
area than in former days yet they are used in
greater abundance and consequently may re-
quire better shielding and shading and a
more careful control of the direction of the
light. Also today's lamps are capable of pro-
ducing a wide variety of colors and they may
even possess different qualities of radiation.
including the infrared and ultraviolet ener-
Every optometrist knows that the eye is a
wonderfully adaptable organ, capable of reg-
istering the sensation of vision over a tre-
mendous range from at least that of full June
sunlight of 10,000 footcandles on the target.
to the detection of a candle flame seen at the
distance of 10 miles. NVe recall that in
lf1000 of a second the eye can detect a light
source and that in spite of this speed of ac-
tion, the human eye is quite similar to the
camera in that the pupillary opening may
change its area over a range of l to 16 and
that the eye may take either time-exposure
pictures or instantaneous snapshot pictures.
depending upon the illumination of the tar-
get. Also we recall that at the age of 20 the
area of the pupil may be double what it is
at the age of 60, plus many other changes
and variations all of which should be ap-
praised along with the quantity and quality
of the light required.
The eye is perhaps to a dangerously large
degree an uncornplaining organ. WVe do not
know definitely just what physiological
changes occur after months or years of seeing
under bad illumination but there certainly
is satisfying evidence that good lighting can
relieve much of the strain and much of the
discomfort of seeing and that bad lighting
aggravates almost all of the deficiencies of
The best eyes in the world cannot do a
good job without good illumination. By
"good illumination" we mean:
l. Sufficient footcandles for an ordinary
target, generally on the order of at least 25
to 50 for reading common type and printing
or upwards of 10 for viewing large stationary
objects. Very fine and very dark objects
may require considerably more footcandles.
2. The brightness of the target must be
considered, meaning that not only should the
illumination falling upon it be adequate, but
that its ability to reflect light is ample. In
this connection comfortable vision suggests
a contrast ratio of brightness as between the
immediate task and its surrounding back-
ground of not much greater than 3 to l.
3. Almost axiomatically the light should
be steady and the target or the task should
not vibrate or fluctuate in brightness. At
least the quantity of light should not change
more rapidly than can the pupillary opening.
4. Common glare such as from bare or
badly shielded lamp bulbs or from brilliant
reflections in polished metal, glass table tops,
shiny black typewriters or from any targets
that act like mirrors will unquestionably
place a tremendous and unnecessary strain on
the eyes. Many people confuse the brightness
of the source with the amount of comfortable
illumination required. Sometimes where the
illumination seems inadequate, a bigger or
brighter lamp bulb in the field of view will
result in poorer vision, not better.
5. Todays illuminants can do a much
better lighting job than has ever been done
heretofore, but like any sharp tool our light
source must be handled with intelligence and
used carefully lest they do damage as well as
The worthy optometrist has a responsi-
bility to prevent and guard against deficien-
cies of vision as well as to alleviate and cure
them. He can be a valuable Councilor and
guide for the thoughtless person who can
often secure much better lighting with very
little effort. Far too many of our lighting
fixtures today are either too bright or are
hung too low or are improperly placed in re-
gard to shadows and reflections or become
inefficient due to dirt and neglected main-
tenance, or may be terribly handicapped by
dark colors of interior paint and surround-
ings. All these and many other factors de-
mand that good eyes and good light form a
firm and lasting partnership.
QC0nlinued from page 9D
"This problem includes the care of the
visually handicapped: prevention of indus-
trial, highway, and household accidents: the
reduction of illiteracy: vocational selection
and training: important aspects of mental
health and personality in adultsg and above
all, the developmental welfare of growing
children of preschool and school age?
TO THE GRADUATING CLASS OF 1950
Wilson 6- Halford Optical Co.
387 WASHINGTON STREET
BOSTON 8, MASS.
By Dr. i1'l'f1Ill'l' O. Bruce
DECENTRATION OF THE CORNEA
Of the two causes for compensating verti-
cal and lateral heterotropia, one is a decen-
tration of the cornea and the other is dis-
placement of the macula. It would probably
be more nearly correct to say that there is
actually but one cause: that is, decentration
of the cornea. The antero-posterior axis of
the eye, that axis controlled by the recti mus-
cles, which must always be at right angles to
the equator of the eye, can be none other
than the visual axis. Commencing always
at the fovea centralis, it passes always
through the center of retinal curvature and
thence through the center of an ideally
placed cornea, but if the cornea is not prop-
erly centered, the visual axis passes through
some other part than the center. The pos-
terior pole of the eye, whether near to or far
away from the optic disc. above or below it.
is the center of the macula: the anterior pole
may or may not be the center of the cornea.
In ideal eyes-eyes that see best or can be
made to see best-the anterior pole is the
center of the cornea. The antero-posterior
axis ol the eye, as given by anatomists and
adopted by writers of books on the eye, has
its beginning at the center of the cornea,
passes backward through the center of rota-
tion, and strikes the retina, maybe at the
macula, but is just as likely to strike it else-
where. The error is in giving the anterior
pole a fixed location-the center of the cor-
nea. Such an axis can be at right angles to
the equator of the eye, in which lie the ver-
tical and transverse axes of the eye, only
when it coincides with the visual axis. It
can be of value only in determining the ex-
tent of the decentration of the cornea, or
how much the cornea lacks of occupying the
otice of cfilutborization
Dr. Herman L. Klein, Presiclezzt
Massachusetts School of Optometry
Dear President Klein:
At a meeting of the Board of Collegiate Authority held Tuesday.
April 25, 1950, said Board voted to approve the Certificate of Change of
Name of Massachusetts School of Optometry to Massachusetts College
of Optometry and the Certihcate of Change ol Purpose authorizing the
institution to grant the degree of Bachelor ot Science in Optometry.
Very truly yours,
JOHN DEsMoND, JR.
C077'l.77ZI'S.SiOll6T of Etlumlioiz
and Clzairnzazz of the Board of Coilegiate Afzltlzorily
THE NEXT ISSUE OF "THE SCOPE" IVILL NOT APPEAR UNTIL
NEXV IVAYS TO BETTER SIGHT, by Har-
ris Grunzanf, O.D.,' 207 pages with IHIISILIYI-
tiorzsq copies flirecfly azfuilnlzlff from the
author at 40 X. Eiglulz SI., IJUIHIIIOIIV, Pu.,
The need for a book such as this has been
long in optometric literature, and the gap
has been ably filled with this volume. This
is a book which explains optometrys role in
the care of vision in non-technical terms
which the average man on the street will
have no trouble understanding. It is about
time that optometry has a book which it can
present to the public in which the optome-
trist finds himselii the hero, and not the vil-
lain as in the past.
After giving the distinction between an
optometrist, ophthalmologist, optician and
oculist, and the history of optometry, the
author delves into the fine points of "Child-
ren's Eyes," "Improving Sight After Forty,"
"Far Sightedness and Astigmatismf' "Near
Sightednessf' 'Sight for the Blind," Color
Blindnessf' "Sight After Fortyf' "Better
Sight YVithout Glasses," and "You and Your
Optometrist," as well as a host of other sub-
jects, unravelling the mystery of the eyes
easily and instilling the layman with facts
about his vision and his optometrist with un-
Each optometrist should see to it that sev-
eral copies of "New Mfays to Better Sight"
are found in the local library, on his recep-
tion room table, reading centers or any other
places where optometry's story can be got
across to the people. Dr. Gruman must be
commended for filling such an obvious need
in your optometric library and has given our
profession another most valuable book.
CONGRATULATIONS AND BEST WVISHES
TO THE MEMBERS OF
THE GRADUATING CLASS OF 1950
MAY IVE SERVE YOU IN ALL YOUR PROFESSIONAL NEEDS
E IDID OIPIIQAIL COMPANY
333 XVASHINGTON STREET, BOSTON 8, MASS.
PA GE FOURTEEN
MESSAGE EROM THE DEAN TO THE CE!-XSS OE 7950
, f"'i dr
, -jx' .
RALPH H. GREEN, O.D., D.O.S., F.A.A.O.
Dean of the Massachusetts College of Optometry
The deepest part of knowledge is the knowledge of ourselves, that
knowledge which the human mind acquires in its flights into the many
facets of life. The teclmical knowledge gained while a student of the
Massachusetts School of Optometry has prepared you to make a successful
job of your professional career. but in addition to the technical knowledge
gained you have been taught to think and to assume responsibilities.
After registration you assume the responsibility of caring for the
visual needs of your fellow men. You are legally and morally charged
with this responsibility by your registration.
You have reached the end of your formal eilucation and it is our belief
that you are adequately prepared in the art and science of optometry.
However. it is well to remember that the professional optometrist can do
no more for his patients than his belief in himself permits him to do.
Your sincere belief in the philosophy that the patients welfare comes first
and your own welfare comes second will insure your own professional sua'-
You should not only be interested in your professional work. alt-rt
to all the forces which affect your profession. but you should also be a
good citizen of your community. your state. and your country.
XVith these thoughts in mind, I formally bid you fond farewell and
wish you Godspeed, happiness, and success in your life's work.
nblatt, Mrs Allan
left to right:
Fourth row: Irving Koffman, Thomas Heal, Donald Harris, Milton Anderson, Burton Cowan, Horace Davis
Bark fowf Robert Kisner, Armand Cote, Melvin Grossman, Arnold Katz, Nathan Frank, Donald Campbell
Unable to have their picture: taken hecaaxe of clinical asfigrzmefztf or ofher zfariozu reaxom were:
jacob Bahoian, Iamei Bochinir, Robert Bowen, Marvin Bram. forebh Ceflrone. Fred Cohen,
Rohert Coppelman, Roland Fogg, Peter Gaetani, David Galloway, Milfon Gallia, Meyer lzhitxky,
Timothy Katfor, Benjamin Kirlin.
1 Moz :peg
Jlom SUUH KSSON 13915 'uosugqog plnuoq Hpsed paljly 'uppeg ugmq 'uoq9eA qdasof
'laweqllam uoig 'UOJB1 JQJXQQ 'qzgulg Uoslalug 'sgu
SENIDIQ MEMIBEDS Cf NSCDDEM STAFF
Front row: Ralph I. Dinin, Staffq Gerald S. Feldman, Bminesr Mamzger: Egon R. Wer-
thamer, Editor-izz-Cbiefq Meyer Izbitsky, AIJOCidI6 Erfitorg David Koplowitz,
Back row: Nathan Frank, Advertisizig Mazinger: Robert Kisner, Cifmlation Mmmger,'
Milton Gallin, Smffq Ralph M. Mann, Stuffp Melvin Kranseler, Staff.
Donald I. Robimozz, Sfrortr Editor, wax fumble to be Drerezft.
THE SENIDIQ CLASS DFFICEIQS
Alfred Rappaport Mrs. joy Assing Robert Welch Milton Gallin
Treamrer Secretary President ViC6'Pf9Jf!i97Zl
Qinnm all H3211 hg 111252 HYPHPUTH:
That we, the class of 1950, of the Massachusetts School of Optometry, in
the county of Suffolk, Commonwealth of Massachusetts, professing to be
sound in mind and body and having proved ourselves not to be illiterate
and moronic under the meaning of the Laws of the State of Insanity, do
hereby publish and declare this to be our last will and testament. YVe do
hereby, after considerable deliberation, apportion our estate upon the
following whether or not they are willing recipients:
To our worthy Dean, Dr. Green, we leave Samit's collection of Case
Analyses for further study and due deliberation--Continuing further
To Dr. Namias, we leave a multiple-purpose back scratcher, one of
its uses being as a life-time unbreakable toothpick.
To Dr. Bruce, we leave one giant economy size bottle of "Slickum"
To Dr. Farnum, our pioneer in contact lenses, we leave a truckload of
bags of cement to make molds and impressions with.
To Dr. Hochstadt. we leave a sack of peanuts and a small 54-lb. bag
of Maine potatoes, so that he may get some enterprising young sophomore
started on the road to success.
To Dr. Cline, we leave an illuminated "Exit, sign, so that all he ever
need do is to merely point his finger.
To Dr. Wfright we leave the U. S. Army Manual GM-21, "How to put
over the commercial and other little tricks of the sneaky, successful radio
To Dr. March, we leave a silent, approved by the A.O.A., cash register.
To Dr. Antanelis, we leave a soft cushioned, Beauty-rest, desk chair.
To Dr. Carvin, we leave that best-seller, which he 1T1uSt have missed,
on "How to win friends and influence people."
To Dr. YVhitney, we leave a handful of "nickels"
To Dr. Kuhn, we leave one pair of base-up prisms so that he may talk
with others and yet continue to look at the floor.
To Dr. Kamens, we leave, the speed record for doing the Subjective
Fog Test plus our sincere hope that his forehead will soon be covered
To Dr. Baker, we leave a hundred pairs of clumsy hands and fingers,
which do us no good, but he may utilize as spare temples, screw drivers
or other trivia.
To Dr. Gross, we leave a vague memory of test tube babies.
To Dr. Hargbol, we leave the front seat on the first chartered flight
to the moon when the latter is in eclipse with the former.
To Dr. lVasserman. we leave one bottle of Scotch to liven him up
and at the same time slow down that mathematical thinking power.
To Mr. Arnold, we leave a farm that will take care of itself.
To Mr. Fogg, we leave X!!Kx-NPL
To the sophomore class. we leave our inalienable squatters rights
on the local pinball machines.
To the freshman class. we leave our deepest sympathy and the sage
advice, "Grin and Bear it."
:lk Pl? :Xi
The following members of this august and revered student body have
ceased for just a moment in their incessant studying to make these per-
Bochinis leaves his prevention formula.
Harris leaves his diary-'AMy experience in the Bush and along the
Samit leaves his secret of endurance.
Gallin leaves an eraser to his successor.
Rosenfield reluctantly leaves the pinball machine.
Rodolico leaves his pad and pencil.
"Honest John" Musserian leaves his record.
H. Davis leaves to begin his trip to Broadway with the hopes of re-
Contillo leaves to spend more time with his varying enterprises.
Kisner leaves his method of tracing rays.
Kranseler leaves to investigate the visual problems of young woman-
Pollack leaves his opinion.
Katsos and Grassey leave the bowling alley, but very unwillingly.
Izbitsky leaves gradually.
Krieger leaves his notes. all three pages. to the library.
Katz, Spear and Rappaport leave MSO's basketball hopes dashed to
Frank leaves to offer his professional eye care to Southern belles and
The Rhode Island Boys leave early to catch a train.
Cooperstein leaves for the French Foreign Legion.
'Werthamer leaves 'fThe Scope", he hopes.
Mann and Lustig leave in the hope that they may return in a year
or two for a post-graduate course.
Koplowitz leaves trying to lfind a pinochle game.
Upton leaves to be married.
Grossman leaves the orthoptic clinic to Dr. Kuhn. ,
Sloan leaves to investigate the reading speed and comprehension of
cattle, mules and hogs.
joy leaves Dr. Bruce.
Lesniak. Hlolff, and Heal leave to practice in the State of Presbyopia.
Feldman leaves with his coffers well-filled from his various ventures.
Jurkiewicz, Clark and Selig leave the eyeball optometrists to their
"Digger" O'Dell leaves with his shovel.
Vlahogianis. lVelch. Laton, Tully and Resmini leave to go into prac-
Fogg leaves to get out of it all.
In witness thereof, we, the class ol 1950, have legally designated the
foregoing as our linal will and testament and do hereby designate it to
be obscured among other trivia of its kind.
CLASS OF '50
M. K. and R. K.
Dearie, do you remember when you came to MSO . .
XVasn't it a. long time ago
And wasnt you then a Shmo.
Vfell if you do, then you're much older than you were.
Dearie, do you remember when it was Physics and Chemistry . .
Instead of Optometry,
And how you tried to be
An "A" student rather than a
ltVell if you do, then you're much smarter than you think.
Dearie, do you remember when you first studied optometry . .
My! NVasn't it a spree
Until that first squizzing bee
Didn't seem like it ought to be.
Well if you do, then you're much more seasoned than you were.
Dearie, do you remember when you took Anatomy . . .
just how mixed up could it be.
But between you and me
You must know head from knee
YVell if you do, then you sure learned more than me.
Dearie, do you remember your Histology with its nuclei . .
Dr. Carvin screaming at you and I
Not to see but to signify.
YVhat did he expect from a guy?
W'el1 if you did, then you are as ulcered as I.
Dearie, do you remember when you first met "The Bear' .
Such easy work that you didn't care
Except after the first exam was there
So that now of "Practical" you are quite aware.
NVell if you are, then you've learned more than you think.
Dearie, do you remember when you tried to stay rational . .
Wliile they were building the First National.
How amidst the din and the roar
Your brain wouldn't score
Yet the work piled up more.
Well if you did, then you were as nerve wracked as I.
Dearie, do you remember when Dr. Cline told us all .
How he made that pigeon fall,
Yet he'll have the thanks of us all
For a better planned course you cannot recall.
YVell if you do, then you can't have pulled out as many sheets of paper as I.
Dearie, do you remember when you studied your Physics and Physical Optics
IVith "Good joe" IVright and his verbal antics.
Remember Mr. Brin and his course on semantics,
And Mr. F ogg-how dull and unromantics.
IVell if you do, then you're much happier than you were.
Dearie, do you remember when it was retinoscopy and keratometry .
Ophthalmoscopy and strabismometry
Accommodation and Convergence, and their relation,
And oh, what you would have done for a vacation.
IVell if you do, then you've mulled it over as often as I.
Dearie, do you remember when school used to be . . .
Until only a quarter after three.
But came MSO, your good old Alma Mater
YVhere from morn 'til night you sat and grew fatter.
YVell if you did, then Dearie, you're as calloused as me.
Dearie, do you remember when we had those softball games .
WVasn't it a shame never to win some games,
YVe played like a bunch of half-lames
Trying so hard to please all those cute little dames.
YVell if you do, then you're as charlie-horsed as I.
Dearie, do you remember when good Dr. Bruce . .
Would tell a joke and excuse
How fair he was to all of us
In covering the whole syllabus.
YVell if you do, then you know a good man now-a-days is hard to find.
Dearie, do you remember the awful heat from july through September .
How you wished you could be 'way down by the sea
At Revere or Nantasket, with a lunch in the basket
Enjoying the cooling shade with a bronzed mermaid.
Well if you do, then you sweated it out with me.
Dearie, do you remember when you had ten minutes to call your own .
Recall if you will, the bar and the grille
XVhere you sought respite, from your study's delight
From Alfred to YVorth's you gayly would prance,
But usually wound up in a wonderful, happy trance,
YVell if you do, then you must have been feeling as good as I.
Dearie, do you remember when we took Perimetry and Orthoptics . .
The phorias and strabismics,
The theories so old and strong.
That Dr. YVhitney tactlfully proved to be wrong.
WVell if you do, then you must be as confused as I.
Dearie, do you remember when it was Ethics .ind Morals . .
IVith its fees and its systems
Dr. March sure could list them
And we should have no trouble with 'e-n.
IVell if you do, then you better leave New York with me.
Dearie, do you remember when you wanted to be . . .
A senior in Optometry-How happy you would be!
I-Iow no more exams there would be
But instead future state boards full of misery.
YVell if you do, here's wishing you the same good luck as me.
SEEN AND OVER!-IEARD - NEVER TO BE FORGOTTEN
Sign me in!
Al and his finger.
"And now for homework."
You think you know, but you're wrong.
Take out a sheet of paper.
Let Gallin do it.
Mull it over!
By the same token.
I don't know, you'll have to see Miss Klein.
I'Vhere's the man from New Y ork?
Mister-you should commit suicide.
And where's your chauffeur?
To continue further . . .
XVhat a gang! YVhat a bunch!
You gambled and you lost!
XVhat's the shape of the nuclei?
Make it more homogeneous.
Throw him out!
l.Vho's gonna do your shop work?
its all in the notes.
Histologically Speakng .
I.Vhat did he give you?
'Wanta go on a survey?
No information can be learned from the
The less you know the better off you are.
Never trust an optician.
Nov f-.' I propose to introduce . . .
Pinball Sam, The Klutch. The Greek. The
Holly. Honest John, jerry "Ifyeball". Magua.
A'Surgical Interference" Samit. Rufus Dinin.
and The Tracer.
as as as
D0 YOU REMEMB
W'e were all just a group of young, apple-
cheeked young men eager to learn that have
now changed to a group of old. decrepit, dis-
illusioned seniles not being able to under-
stand anything . . . lXIusserian or "Honest"
john as he is known to his enemies did not
extol the virtues of the gambling places in
Chelsea . . . Irv Koffman does not give the
appearance of being well-dressed, even though
wearing a torn sweatsuit ..., Ierry Davis did
not hccome crestlallen when a Boston team
in :my sport ended up on the losing side,
especially if the defeat was to a despicable
New York team . . . Abe Gottesman did not
try to scare up a fourth, not for bridge, but
for pinochle . . . Ralph Mann ever shirked
his duty and did HOL do a favor when asked
. . . Stu Berger was not trying to sell some
PAGE T IVENTY-THREE
sort of ticket to an O. Phi alfair . . . Bob
rxisner was not sitting next to liranseler . . .
and Mel Kranseler was not sitting next to
Bob Iiisner . . . Herb Upton was not trying
to get away early in the afternoon so he could
miss the rush getting home to Saugus . . .
joe Cedrone was not mixing ophthalmically
corrected liighballs . . . Paul Barthel did not
seem to have his suitcase packed and waiting
for Friday to roll around so he could go
home . . . Raymond Contillo did not have
his name on the blackboard one day as sell-
ing anything . . . Seymour Gerstenblatt did
not yell "Quiet, I+1oplowitz" at least once a
day . . .joy was single and kind of skinny-
how times have changed! . . . Harry Gerlan
did not play in a ballgame . . . Carl Cooper-
stein appeared to be hyperthyroidic and
slightly undernourished . . . Gerry Feldman
did not have a deal cooking in the iire or
did not have something "For Sale" up on the
students' bulletin board . . . Ralph Nathan
was not managing the baseball team and driv-
ing an old car . . . Hal Pollack was not trying
to be an individualist . , . Rodolico did not
run a pool during the baseball or football
season . . . Ralph Dinin was not sleepy on
Monday mornings . . . Charlie Brawn did
not have a bottle of ink underneath his seat
. . . Grassey did not have an amazing theory
ready in answer to any instructors question
. . . Sam Rosenfield did not play the pinball
machine . . . jim Bochinis did not look as if
he needed a haircut . . . Ed Krieger ever took
more than one page of notes during any one
lecture . . . Paul Momnie was a love-starved
bachelor . . . Al Abrams did not say 'LHello"
or "How are you?" in passing anyone in the
halls . . . Burt Gerson was not hanging around
the school waiting for the 3:42 to Stoughton
. . . George Vlahogianis ever waited until
lunchtime to consume his sandwiches . . .
Tom Heal ever wore a coat in coming to
school . . . Land ever had his hair combed
or looked like a professional man . . . Samit
ever talked or looked like he wanted to talk
about anything else but women . . . Gallaway
PAGE T WENTY-FOUR
could hold more than one-half of a shot . . .
Cote did not perlolin as an .nebriated lush
upon the slightest provocation and thereby
convulslng everybody in sight with it . . .
john Sloan ever gave an explanation of any-
thing or recounted an anecdote that sounded
true or as though it really happened, even
in Arkansas . . . Hank XVolff did not buy a
"Boston Globe" during the lunch hour . . .
Bob Moody did not reminisce about those
days in New Orleans and oh, those French
mademoiselles . . . Harris was not looking for
some schoolmates to go to New York with
him and did not sou11d like a chicken . . .
Mike Chessel did not have to get up 6 o'clock
in the morning to wrestle with a broom . . .
Bram did not have either a Florida, Hacken-
sack or Fens tan . . . Bob Coppelman did not
resemble Mr. Fogg . . . Pete Gaetani ever got
a mark below 90 . . . Mike Izbitsky did not
have trouble with his car . . . The fathers in
our class did not talk about their oh, so cute
what the conversation
offspring no matter
was about . . . Fred Moss was not going to
school, day or night ...i A l Rappaport did
not succeed at anything he attempted to do
. . . Horace Davis did not lug a small suit-
case with him every day . . . John Randolph
ever cracked a smile voluntarily . . . VVerth-
amer was not running around on some errand
for "The Scopcf' . . . Milton Gallin did not
look like a bobbysoxer's dream of a matinee
weightlifter . . . Koplowitz was not laughing
at Harris' antics . . . Arnie Katz did not wear
anything but his sloppy, comfortable mocca-
sins , . . Tim Katsos did not look like an
elongated version of the thin man . , . Fred
Cohen and jake Baboian were not trying to
get a bowling team together . . . A'Mike" Shaf-
fer did not break out into "Carry me back
to ole Alabam' " at the drop of a hat . . .
Vince Principe did not look like an American
Optical Co. man . . . Tom Lesniak and Irv
Sarkin did not have receded toupees . . . The
guy who wrote this little piece ever lived to
see the next day.
- M. G.
Ollicial undergraduate publication of the
MASSACUSETTS COLLEGE OF OPTOMETRY
235 Huntington Avenue
Boston 15, Mass.
Anociate Editor .... .
Burirtett Manager ............,
Advertiring Manager .......,
Circulation Staff., .
Stay? Writer.: .......,
Contributing Editor ,..., ..
Faculty Ariviror ,..,..,
Literary Advisor .... ..
EGON R. VVERTHAMER
GERALD S. FELDMAN
NATHAN C. FRANK
ROBERT KISNER, Mgr.
RALPH I, DININ
ARTHUR O. BRUCE, M.D.
GEORGE E. CARVIN, O.D.
ELIZABETH J. CLEARY
A. B., M. Ed.
44am Zire Ealilaa ,,,,
N'Ve have always looked forward to the day
when we would have to compose our last
editorial with great anticipation, for it would
mean our ascendence into the world of op-
tometry and finally leaving our school-days
behind us, and yet somehow now that the
time has arrived. it is not as full of joy as
we thought it would be, nor do the words
flow as easily as they usually do.
It is not only the realization that for many
of us it will mean the end of strong ties of
friendship that have developed over the past
few years, that makes us sentimental, but also
the knowledge that we are now leaving the
relative security of the school to go out into
the world to try and carve our own little
niche in some corner and act as a torchbearer
of optometry, klll optometry which we know
is a profession, but it is up to us, todays
graduates, to convince the public and other
professions by our mode of practice of the
same. llle cannot impress this point too
strongly, i. e. that it is up to every individual
practitioner to instill himself with the strict-
est code of ethics that he knows of, so that
the plane of practice among optometrists will
be the same, and is of the highest professional
level. Wle all know that the populace in
general is uninformed as far as the practice,
purpose, and organization of optometry is
concerned and it is only us, who through our
behavior, demeanor, type of practice and
deepest beliefs can make the public cognizant
of the fact that optometry is a profession.
Then any doubts, smears, or aspersions cast
at us from any direction whatsoever will only
arouse the public's ire and meet with general
During the past two years we have gone
on many a crusade and our last editorial
would not really be one, if there weren't a
point we were trying to convince our fellow
schoolmates of. I.Ve believe that the gradu-
ating class should make plans now, before
graduation, to appoint a permanent commit-
tee to keep in touch with all the members of
the class as well as to make hazy plans for a
reunion of the class five or ten years hence.
so that those friendship bonds we spoke of
previously will not be snapped off suddenly.
but kept together in a very loose fashion. So
let's get together. class, and stay that way!
Last. but not least, we have to give credit
where it is due and as such we want to offer
our deepest gratitude and appreciation to-
Meyer Izbitsky. whose encouragement,
clear-thinking editorials and valuable assis-
tance in the preparation of 'iThe Scope" at
critical times. as well as transporting us to
the printer countless times, lightened our
Gerald S. Feldman, our able business man-
ager, who, through his wonderful business
acumen. ingenuity and resourcefulness, was
QPZease turn to page SID
PAGE T WENTY-FIVE
Glenn IV. Landers, Sr., OD.
As a scoutmaster years ago, one of our
troops favorite games was called "Observa-
tion". The game was played by patrols.
Each patrol was conducted downtown and
allowed to study one show window for a pe-
riod of two minutes, after which they were
conducted back to the scout troop headquar-
ters where each patrol wrote down the sep-
arate articles that they had observed in this
particular window. The patrol which could
name the highest number of articles in the
window, was the winner.
As this article is being written for the
"Scope" of the lNIassachusetts School of Op-
tometry, maybe we can enhance our abilities
as students in Optometry by playing UObser-
vation", in which we as students learn to note
the peculiarities of our fellows and observe
how these peculiarities can be tied in with
our optometric learning.
For instance, did you ever note that there
is a difference in the way in which a far-
sighted person "squints" to see sharply? Did
you notice that a farsighted person will draw
his eyebrows down while in the act of trying
to see better? In contrast, the nearsighted
person will hardly move his brows but will
narrow his eyelids in his effort to see better.
In myopia, did you ever notice that when
a nearsighted person has occasion to read or
write. particularly when under a little pres-
sure, that they always hold their near work
nearer than sixteen inches from their eyes.
In anisometropia, did you ever notice how
they contrive to hold their near work nearer
fo one eye than the other, especially when
there is a little pressure on, and they are not
thinking of their visual posture.
Did you ever notice how an astigmat will
fill his head at the least provocation, usually
in the same direction during near work. Can
you predict the axis of cylinder required of
at least one of the eyes, approximately?
In closing, did it ever occur in your think-
ing that there might be a tie-up in the obser-
vation that most persons who are addicted to
car sickness are inveterate head-til1fers,' they
are just as ready to tilt their heads to the
right as they are to the left, but they don't
hold their heads erect very much of the time.
Our textbooks in Optometry and Medicine
do not give a very satisfactory explanation of
why these various visual anomolies come into
being, but if you will observe, you will find
that each have very definite behavior pat-
terns, just as definite as the large pupils in
the minus projection case.
NVE EXTEND OUR CONGRATULATIONS TO THE MEMBERS OF
THE CRADUATING CLASS OF 1950 AND SINCERELY HOPE
THAT YOU MEET NVITH SUCCESS IN YOUR CHOSEN
SU FFOLK OPTICAL CO.
Let us put an end to misusage of opto-
metric terminology. No more should we
hear such phrases from the layman as, "I
just got my eyes fractured by the optimist
around the corner Qupstairsjf' May this
column serve this end.
Sk ills Sk
Bifoml-a common occurrenceg happens more
often than selling a focal.
An Eyestmin-one of those fellows who is con-
stantly straining to talk about "his-self."
Duction-the chief means of propulsion by
Hyjzeropia-rneaiiing over the eye: the eye-
Skiamcftry-cornplicated measurement of the
height of the sky.
Static Refraction-useful when your radio
has static. Tells which tube is loose.
Supraluclfiorz-tlie best noodle on the market.
by Lawrence Forrest
Xvgfzfizm Relative Accommodatiorz. - when
your parents refuse to advance you any
Congeiziml-like: "He has a very congenital
.Slenopaic Slit-the width of which is equal
to the tiny crack of "Southall" that is
opened by the students.
Hx-abbreviation for Rexall.
Inferior Orbital Fisszlre - another word for
Retimzl Corresporzdence-an afaire d'amour
carried on by mail between the right eye
and the left eye.
Asligmrzlic Banrl - an unusual condition
whereby the entire orchestra, including
the conductor, has astigniia.
Ambling-opia-wliile walking, one has his eye
on the pretty girls.
Clzromnlic AI1e1'mt1'on-tlre spreading of col-
or, as when she doesn't remove her lipstick
TO TI-IE GRADUATING CLASS of 1950
Lawrence Optical Oo.
387 YVASHINGTON STREET
pi Qmicaan Sigma Eanquel By R,,,l,,, It Dim,
Surrounded by a traditional New England
atmosphere, the Pi Omicron Sigma Frater-
nity held its 37th annual installation banquet
at Patten's Restaurant on Tuesday, April 18,
1950 for the installation of new members
and oflicers, and for the mass consumption
of turkey. A congenial crowd of undergrad-
uates, alumni, faculty members and guests
attended to make the affair a social and gas-
Outgoing Chancellor Abe Gottesman
opened the festivities with a welcoming
speech to all, and a review of the past year's
work of the fraternity. Chancellor Gottes-
man emphasized the need for continuous en-
thusiasm and work to uphold the tradition
of the fraternity.
The social side of the evening reared its
Joe Miller head, when Master of Ceremonies
Harry Zeltzer brought his biceps to a vertical
position. Between humorous anecdotes and
portions of tasty food, Mr. Zeltzer introduced
the honored guest, Dr. Raymond McMurdo
to the faculty and alumni of the fraternity.
Dr. Ralph H. Green, Dean of the Mass-
achusetts School of Optometry, was the first
faculty member to speak. Dr. Green rem-
inisced about his 20 years as Grand Chan-
cellor of the fraternity and about the prog-
ress of the school and clinic. His entertain-
ing recollections ranged from the time a wo-
man came into the clinic for an abortion
Qwhich wasn't performed due to lack of ster-
ile equipmentj to the time when the school
boasted of an "Optic Quartet", not to be
confused with the present "Rhode Island
Quartet". XVith the main course being served.
Dr. Green concluded his talk by wishing
good luck to all.
The other performers on the all-star bill
were Professor Brin. Drs. Farnum. Namias,
Smith. Antanelis. Kuhn. Saltzman. Baker
and Mr. Gross.
The guest speaker of the evening was Dr.
Raymond McMurdo, Secretary of the State
Society of Optometrists. Dr. McMurdo made
a short speech reviewing the struggle of op-
tometry rrom the beginning or the century
when door to door vestpocket salesmen of
spectacles were the rave through to the pres-
ent professional status. Dr. McMurdo ex-
plained the iight and the constant work that
the State Society faces to maintain proper
public relations and the continuous struggle
to combat the near-sighted practitioners who
continue to commercialize optometry. The
utmost emphasis was placed by the main
speaker on the necessity of education and
more education to combat and do away with
the prejudices against Optometry. With this
Dr. Mchlurdo closed his address and we im-
mediately began consuming our dessert.
With lull hearts and stomachs, the pledg-
ees arose to take part in the secret initiation
which made them fraternal brothers. An hon-
orary membership by the fraternity was pre-
sented to Mr. Richard Gross, chemistry in-
structor, for his interest in Optometry and
in the undergraduate body.
The last and final act was the installation
of new oflicers, who are: Chancellor, Thomas
Vermesg Vice-Chancellor, Lewis Rabinowitzg
Scribe, Melvin Kaplang Treasurer, Israel
Bloomfieldg Corresponding Secretary, Paul
lVeissman: and Sgt.-at-arms, Edward Hessing.
The new Chancellor made his acceptance
speech with emphasis on further academic
and social progress of the fraternity. Thus
another banquet was over and Chancellor
V ermes proclaimed it olhcially so. The mar-
ried men rushed home to their wives while
others, including Francis. visited the local
nightclubs. As the crowd left Patten's, Gerry
Davis was seen to be somewhat in a daze, for
he hnally held no office now. He was with-
out a portfolio, and when last seen, he was
heading down the street to the Veterans Ad-
ministration. It seems he had some sort of
complaint and we sincerely hope he made it.
Triumph of Research
VERY optometrist knows the mir-
acle-like accomplishment that can be
worked by a quarter-ounce of glass.
The precious gift ofthe ophthalmic lens
is that of efficient vision-tool of learn-
ing ability, earning ability, and human
But that bit of glass itself is a scien-
tiflc triumph of high-ranking impor-
tance. The problems involved in making
glass of proper optical and physical
characteristics defied all attempts in the
United States before World War I.
Under stress of that military urgency,
the first successful American glass was
produced at Bausch 8: Lomb. The re-
search and experimentation, the scien-
tific and technical skill, that have been
put into glass-making technology in the
Bausch 8: Lomb plant for more than 34
years since are reflected in the high
quality of the glass now produced.
On the principle that optical quality
begins with glass quality, Bausch 8:
Lomb has long accepted responsibility
for pioneering in glass making. From
this glass come lenses we offer with
pride, lenses that merit your highest
.. umm. ..
NORTHEASTERN DIVISION I
if m l A
Formerly Colonial Oplical Co.
Optical Quality Begins Wfitb Glass Quality
, Z, ?46 Weave:
It appears as it O. Ii. Phi's last two social
events were great successes. Although we
were unable to attend the Omega Spree, we
were told everyone had a swell time and that
we really missed having a ball. However,
we need no second hand reports to tell of
Dr. Gabitt's lecture at the Hotel Kenmore.
Dr. Gabitt described the diagnosis ol the
more common eye pathologies, depicting the
various disorders in sequence of their ana'
tomical location from the lids inward. No
one will disagree that Dr. Cabitt's delivery
was absorbing and highly entertaining. His
descriptions of patient types and some of the
verbal phrases used were, to
say the least,
'Astartling"- -some shocking. Tch. tchl
The interfrat soltball game scheduled for
April 26 was called because ol rain, thus pre-
serving a fat zero in the last column for
P. 0. S. By next week we hope to have that
altered slightly. Our pitcher is still un-
known. Friedman has developed a new
pitch, the Caustic Curve, which looks like
one Qsicj. Don Robinson, also bidding for
the position, has developed what he calls the
Base Curve, which batters can't touch with
a ten-foot Maddox Rod, so he claims.
Nominations were held at the school on
April 13 and lor the most part. the candidates
were well chosen. The corresponding sec-
retary's post is hotly contended for - but
which way? Since this issue will go to press
before the election, we will not be able to
publish the results until the next issue. May
those best fit for the olhces be elected. Amen.
The next issue may see a new series be-
gun in this column to replace the late Sam
Diopter. Al Bumen. adventure story writer.
has been contracted to supply the story of
Sam Diopter's sister. Accordingly. "Little
'Red' Riding. Girl Hood" is due for an ap-
Don Gillis. local pledge. had to do fancy
talking to Dean Green in order to remain at
MSO. Don was caught administering atro-
By lllarty Borsky
pine to the schematic eyes at the clinic claim-
ing they were .50D hyperopic due to ciliary
spasm. As a result, the Board is seriously
considering his name lor the joseph Scan-
lon Award "for efficiency in the conduct of
clinical work." Good luck! Qto the Board,
Due to public demand, ophthalmoscope
and retinoscope heads will be availbale on
the flashlight-cigarette lighter pen and pencil
sets. Designers are now working on a phor-
opter attachment to be released in late july.
This company is really in the optic groove.
Since this is the final issue of "The Scope"
for this term, we wish to extend the best of
luck to all in the coming exams and we'll
see ya next year tnot you Seniorslj. Have
a swell vacation and come back pooped. YVe
11lllSt keep the average down at all costs!
P. S. Late sports flash:-Milt Gallin beats
grandmother 2 out of 3 in Indian Leg YVres-
Flash .' I The results of the recent O. E.
Phi elections held on the night of April 27.
l950 are as follows:
Vice President--Norman Becker
Recording Secretary-Daniel Tarullo
Corresponding Secretary-Eugene Bogage
KRAZY KORN ER
"Dear," replied the modern Eve, "the devil
'Wvhy didn't you say: 'Get thee behind me,
Satan?" the poor man inquired.
"I did," was the reply, "and then he Whis-
pered over my shoulder: 'My dear, it fits you
just beautifully in the back.' "
The fellow who says he will meet you half-
way is usually a poor judge of distance.
DHIDMIDIQE IHDTI . . .
Spring! XVhen a young man's fancy turns
lightly to thoughts of exams and then eve11
faster tur11s back where it should be. Speak-
ing of where something should be, what a
softball team we have got this year! Dan
VVial hits vicious clothes line drives that roll
up to tl1e third baseman, while Irv Hor-
witz makes like a court jester by performing
with a juggling act, which brings spontane-
ous applause, a few pennies a11d slugs. and
two runs from tl1e opposition. They tell us
that the outstanding rookie is a power-slugger
whose initials are L. Z.
YVe have been advised to XV2'i1'11 all prospec-
tive CXI. ophthalmometrists not to choose
Dan Tarullo as a patient. The result of
such an ill-chose11 patient leaves the examin-
er a1nblyopic. Right, Terry?
The sophomore part of the student body
has broken out in lettered sweat shirts and
tee shirts after Mel Kaplan beat out the cut-
throat competition and undersold his com-
petitor, Teddy Goolst. NVe don't 11161111 to
say that Zolot's sweatshirt is too large, but
what in tl1e world is Rosenthal doing under
Anatomy laboratory was tl1e scene of some
excitement recently when during a stetho
scope examination of Jordy Shapiro's heart
beat, a distinct samba tempo was discovereil.
The samba beat in itself was not too shock-
ing, but when it was SllpplCIHCl1fCCl by the
grinding of gourds. only then did we suspect
that under those bloodshot. 1'CCle1'l1l11I1CCl eyes
was a weary musician. .
The music world received a long needed
shot in the arm when it was learned that
Dick Tacelli was furthering l1is ZlCCO1'CllO11
technique with a well known accordion
teacher. There is also a nasty rumor that
one Dr. VVasserman is the "Third Man" and
plucks a zither. Do you believe it? WVe could
really l1ave a terrific orchestra-Shapiro on
the drums, Tacelli on the accordion, YVasser-
man on the zither. and vocals by "Stromboli"
By Len ZllL'kl'VfJ?'llllIL and Burl Clzcfrnog
Horwitz. Some vocalists have pear-shaped
tones. but this guy results in barrel-shaped
Lastly we want to wish all our classmates
a very good summer vacation, all tl1e local
baseball teams a terrific season, and all the
graduating seniors tl1e best of l11ck upon their
EDITORIAL . . .
Qtlolltizzuerl from page 235
able to guide us smoothly and efficiently
through our financial sea of troubles, thus
making every issue, especially this last one,
a financial possibility.
Nathan Frank, our efficient advertising
manager. for always having our advertise-
ments ready and waiting, and to Robert K -'
ner, our peppy circulation manager, for al-
ways getti11g the issue out in the mails as
soon as it was humanly possible.
Our staff writers, who, although burdened
with school work. always came through try-
i11g to meet their assignments, and ably filled
the pages of "The Scope" with readable
The faculty and administrative advisors
who always met our problems with under-
standing and deter111inatio11 a11d who, despite
our occasional differences, never failed to
give us co-operation and help.
Finally. tl1e Student Body for bearing with
11s for the last two years Zllld giving us the
chance to bring them an issue of "The Scope"
each month in tl1e hope tl1at they thoroughly
enjoyed it. E. R. XV.
Your offense she may blot f1'OIT1 l1er mind,
Y'Vhen a woman's forgiveness you craveg
Yet though she forgives you, you'll find
She will never forget she forgave.
v ...-1 , ..-
was lust a toy. ..
is 3 The "Magic Lantern"
Aka mai ' .
He'll soon see the light about Trifocals, too
IT's THE SAME oLD sroiw. Man hasn,t changed. And
it's a fact that only inventions adequately meeting
a definite need ever work their way through the
barrage of initial opposition.
Such an invention is the trifocal lens. Even now,
only a few years after its introduction, many thou-
sands of presbyopes are wearing trifocals-and are
happily proclaiming their complete visual comfort.
If you believe in trifocals-that they are the only
answer to three-Held vision for the presbyope, if you
prescribe them where needed, then you probably
are already enjoying the fruits of real patient-satis-
faction. Remember that satisfied patients are your
greatest practice-builders-and that a patient is
satisfied only when he can see clearly in all ranges
of vision without effort or discomfort.
THE UNIVIS LENS COMPANY
Dayton 1 Ohio
More than W, OF A MILLION pairs of Univis Trifocals have been prescribed!
PAGE THIRTY-T W0
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Suggestions in the New England College of Optometry - Scope Yearbook (Boston, MA) collection:
Are you trying to find old school friends, old classmates, fellow servicemen or shipmates? Do you want to see past girlfriends or boyfriends? Relive homecoming, prom, graduation, and other moments on campus captured in yearbook pictures. Revisit your fraternity or sorority and see familiar places. See members of old school clubs and relive old times. Start your search today!
Looking for old family members and relatives? Do you want to find pictures of parents or grandparents when they were in school? Want to find out what hairstyle was popular in the 1920s? E-Yearbook.com has a wealth of genealogy information spanning over a century for many schools with full text search. Use our online Genealogy Resource to uncover history quickly!
Are you planning a reunion and need assistance? E-Yearbook.com can help you with scanning and providing access to yearbook images for promotional materials and activities. We can provide you with an electronic version of your yearbook that can assist you with reunion planning. E-Yearbook.com will also publish the yearbook images online for people to share and enjoy.
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