New England College of Optometry - Scope Yearbook (Boston, MA)
- Class of 1932
Page 1 of 36
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 36 of the 1932 volume:
HUMEILY DEDTCATED TD
THE EATHER DE DETDMETIRY
G2 AUGUST A, TULETN, M.. Do
tg EDUNDEJR DE THE MASSACHUSETTS
SCHDDIL DE DIPTDMETRY
EY THE CLASS DE
Pzzbfzxfzfd by 1715 U11u'ng1v1f1'u11te.f qf Mr Mf1J.mfl1fm'lt.f Svhaol qf Opfwfzany
eph I. Pascal, A. B., M. D. David Y. Cohill, M. B.,M.
Pbyfiolagiazl Opfiaf Embryology .md
Guy C. Bloclgett, B. S. August A. Klein, M. D.
Tbeoreiir Optiw Dean
Miss Alyce McCabe Dr. Ralph Green
Serrefary 10 Regixfrm' Perimelry and Tbeorefic
D. Dr. Albert E. Sl03.f:
Pnlhafogj' .vid Hygiene
Dr. Theodore F. KE-n
Tbeorefic and Pmffirnl
Dr. Willmclxningl Svendseu
By DR. THEODORE F. KLEIN
Those who have been over the road know that there is no short cuts to success. We
know that success cannot be bought in a book. It must be lived in a life. But each on-
coming generation must learn its own lesson, purchase its own knowledge, with the coin
Cardinal Logue, was asked how many sermons a preacher could prepare in a
week. Smiling, Cardinal Logue answered: "lf the preacher is a man of extraordinary
ability, he can prepare one sermong if a man of average ability, twog it a blockhead, ten
Beware of Short Cuts in Securing an Education.
There are two classes of college graduates-those who get a college education and
those who get a college diploma-those who did not short cut and those who did. Are
you educated? Perhaps you are graduated. Some people are graduated, but not educated,
while some are educated, but have never been graduated. A university training alone
never educated one, nor did the lack of such training ever keep a person from being
educated, if he had the right stuff in him.
Education is not information. The walking encyclopedia may be a joke. Education
is inspiration. It is selfareliance. lt is self-supporting. It is self-adjusting. It is integrity
Graduate, if possible, by all means, even if the price you pay is blood and sweat
and tears and agony and midnight kerosene, But whether graduated or not, strive to be
When james A. Garfield was president of an Ohio College a man brought for
entrance as a student his son, for whom he wished a shorter course than the regular one.
'The boy can never take all that in," said the father. "He wants to get thru quicker.
Can you arrange it for him?" "G, yes." said Mr. Garfield. "He can take a shorter course,
it all depends on what you want to make of him. When nature wants to make an oak
she takes a hundred years, but it takes only two months to make a squash."
Wisdom never opens her doors to those who are not willing to pay the price of
admission, There are no bargains at her counters, no short cuts to her goal, "Pay the
price or leave the goods," is her motto.
Beware of Short Cuts in Your Personal Appearance.
"No seedy looking people wanted here!" So runs a sign over the employees en-
trance of a prosperous business house. This may sound callous to the man or woman
who is down and out, looking for a job, but it is simply common sense business philos-
ophy. The man who hires all the sales people for one of the largest retail stores in
Chicago says: "While the routine of application is in every case strictly adhered to. the
fact remains that the most important element in an applicants chance for a trial is his
Your personal appearance, your dress. your manner, everything about you, the way
in which you keep yourself groomed, how you carry yourself, what you say, how you act,
all these things are to you what the show windows of a merchants store are to his busi-
ness, the way he advertises and displays his goods. He knows that the people who pass
his store will get a pretty good idea of the class and quality of the goods he keeps, of the
sort of concern he runs, from what they see in the window. Your appearance will be
taken as an advertisement of what you are. It is constantly telling people whether you
are a success or a failure, and where people place you in their estimation will have a
powerful influence upon your career.
If there is Absolute Squareness in School and in Manners, it will not be Difficult
Matter to Play Fair when You enter the Business or Professional World.
john's father had a large store. john had hnished college, and was ready for work.
"What would you like to do, my boy?" questioned his father. john's answer was ready:
"I would like to go into business with you." "Well, I am glad of that, but how are you
going, by the stairs or the elevator?" john was puzzled till father explained. "There are
two ways of getting up, by climbing or by being lifted without any work on your part.
I can lift you into a place in the office with me at once, but you would only have the
position without knowing the business. If you begin as a clerk and climb to the office,
you will be fitted to take the place with me. What shall it be, john -the stairs or the
"I'll choose to climb, sir," was johns sensible answer.
'lWaiter," said the indignant customer, "What does this mean? Yesterday I was
served for the same price with a portion of chicken twice the size of this." "Where did
you sit?" "Over by the window." "Then that accounts for it. We always give people
who sit by the windows large portions. It's an advertisement."
It should be placarded over business, big and little. "The art of business is the art
of being honest." There is too much veneer in life, too little of that solid quality we
name honesty. Old furniture is at a premium. It has the real stuff in it. There is too
much of makeshift in building, the substitution of inferior for goods of real value. Old
building were made to stand. Modern buildings are too often made to sell.
There is one thing I want you young men to remember as long as you live. It is
this: Whenever you observe a group of men ordering the drinks, trading chimney-sweep
stories, spitting out the profanity, be very sure that these men are rarely or never Big
They will generally be found to be a bunch of small-place Nobodys, jigging along
on the way to Nowhere. Big Business is sitting out there in the car with good books and
good thoughts and keeps itself away from that kind of society.
A California philosopher expresses the hope that in his next incarnation he shall
be half Irish and half Hebrew. "For," he says, "The Irishman is happy as long as ne
has a dollar, and the Hebrew always has it."
It is all right to spend money to make characterg it is all wrong to spend character
to make money. In business and profession, be sure that honesty is the policy and be
what you appear to be.
Beware of Short Cuts in Your Religious Life.
There is One Thing Which the Almighty Despises, it is a Hypocrite.
The world is full of men and women who think they can cheat God by the short
An old datky got up one night at a revival meeting and said: "Brudders an' sisters,
you knows an' I knows dat I ain't been what I oughter been. Ise robbed hen roosts ani
stole hawgs an' tole lies, an' got drunk, an' slashed folks wi' man razoeg but I thank the
Lord der's one thing I ain't nebber doneg I ain't nebbe lost mah religion."
American life at present seems to be afflicted with a plague of liberty. There is so
much hollowness and unreality, so much veneer in character and work, that it behooves
us to preach aloud the gospel of thoroughness. A short time ago some workmen were
engaged in trying to remove a piece of old London Wall. They tried with hammers,
then with pick-axes, then they had to borrow the help of some stalwart navvies, but to
no purpose, the walls seemed to smile at all their effortsg at last they were obliged to
have recourse to boring, and blowing it up like a piece of solid rock. That is hardly the
way they build now-a-days, for a man might almost push over some of our brick walls
with his hands.
It took Gibbon nineteen years to complete his greatest book, "The Decline anl
Fall of the Roman Empire," Yet some of us throw up our hands when success does not
heave into sight after nineteen weeks of half-hearted laborl
Boy wonders have existed. But in some cases the crown of glory comes only after
years of patience, steady application and unceasing toil. We read much about the flash
of inspiration, the breathless rushing here, there and everywhere, and, finally the glorious
and dramatic conclusion amidst the blowing of trumpets and the plaudits of the .is-
We read of these thingsfrbut we don't see them often. On the contrary we have
Carlyle completing his greatest book in his forty-second year: Dante finishing his at
fifty-three, after eighteen years of work on that one alonel
Nothing about these things that look like Hashes in the pan. Nothing but hard
work. No short-cuts to fame here. These men realized that slap-work does not make for
success. So they chose to toil rather than to spin.
Others in their time went their own sweet way. But the difference between their
achievements is the difference between a shanty and a monument. So don't grumble, as
it takes time. Results count.
Dirt, .llc ll., lPasoallm'lli'lli1e 'llieaeheir
llseertures lP'friove Very Hlllumiiaating
The students are greatly indebted to Dr. Klein for securing the services of the
eminently renowned -I, I. Pascal, M. D., A. B., to teach Physiological Optics at M, S. O.
Dr, Pascals presentation of fro the average studentj a thoroughly dry and disinteresting
subject is most commendable. He possesses the faculty, or gift, which must be inherent
in the successful conscientious professor, of knowing when the student is following the
trend of thought, and he takes it upon himself to see that each student gets as much out
of each lecture as the latter is capable of absorbing. As a result. this years graduating
class is more fully equipped. from the point of knowledge imparted to them, to follow
the science of Optometry than any class which has heretofore matriculated at the Massa-
chusetts College. We sincerely wish that arrangements can be made to have Dr. Pascal
continue as a member of the faculty for the benefit of Optometry in general, and for
future students who will attend M. S. O. in particular. The seniors rise to thank you
THE SCOPE STAFF
M. S. Bemis S. Lestch R. C. Hyland I. W. O'Brien C. M. Baker
R. W. Baker J. E. Asarkoff G. E. Bradley F. H. Namias Miss G. Monaghan
The Scope Sltailit'
Editor-in-Chief, G. EDXVARD BRADLEY
Senior Associate Editor, JOHN E. ASARKOFF
Business Manager, FOSTER NAMIAS
Senior News, SOLOMON LESTCH
Joke Editor, THEODORE H. COUCH, Jr.
Junior Associate Editor, JOHN T. BEDELL
Associate Business Mgr., RICHARD XV. BAKER
Alumni Editor, MILLARD S. BEMIS
Junior News, ROBERT C. HYLAND
Circulation Manager, CLARENCE M. BAKER
Assistant Circulation Managers
GERTRUDE MONAGHAN JOHN VV. O'BRIEN
Faculty Advisor, ALYCE M. MQCABE
I 6 J
f iTgI-IE SCOPE
C. M. BAKER, '32.
Twenty-one short months ago the faculty of this school observed twenty-six new
faces entering the portals, seeking knowledge in the mysteries and magic of Optometry,
Most of the faces were new to each other. Each on the threshold of a new adventure,
wondering what the others would be like, but common aims and common desires soon
welded them into one solid mass, which we modestly proclaim has been 10092 loyal.
We were first impressed with the obstacle of acquiring the vernacular of the pro-
fession. Names, many and long, were passed out for our assimilation and we endeavored
to learn what it was all about. By Thanksgiving recess we began to feel capable of solving
the eye troubles of the world, but the patient persistence of our instructors has brought
us now to a realization that we are still embryos, about to be thrust upon the .cruel
world, still seeking our goal, with this important milestone about to pass into the realm
of pleasant memories.
We have studied and played, some more than others, some less seriously, yet .ill
with the end in view of meriting an engraved scroll from the hand of Dr. Klein.
The teamwork of our class has been above reproach. Our class functions have
been proof of this co-operation. From our Christmas Party, through our dances, school
banquets, and the trips to Southbridge, the display of talent and spirit has been made
manifest in unmistakable manner.
When we parted at the end of the first year, the sentiment of a few gave rise to
the belief that they were discouraged and did not expect to return, but when the fresh
September breezes recalled us from our summer diversions, we answered the roll call to
a man. We welcomed to our ranks john Brennan and Dan Kuperstein, both of whom
have proved worthy fellows and good mixers.
The ofhcers of our class deserve commendation. C. W, Pride. President, R. XY".
Baker, Vice-president, T. H. Couch. Secretary, and Foster Namias, Treasurer, were so
capable in our junior Year, that they were unanimously re-elected to guide us through
our Senior Year. The brunt of the burden has fallen on our President and Treasurer. lt
would be hard to rind a more ethcient or conscientious incumbent for either office.
Our associations have been all too short. Our friendships will last as long as our
physiological functions continue. Our memories will bring us many a smile, and our
future perhaps, may bring an embryonic likeness which we can send to M. S. O.
This Year Book will be a cherished treasure. Its pages will recall the scenes which
we are now enacting. Its pictures place us all upon review, yet we would none of us
wish to continue here in a circle of endless study and pleasure. We all face the future
with a desire to achieve success, to make a practical application of that knowledge
which we have gained from those who have so thoroughly and patiently endeavored to
prepare us for our life work.
May our contribution to society in our chosen profession, and our standing among
the members of the craft, reflect due credit upon our instructors and this school, our
JOHN E. Asfmkorif-"jack," "Arie"
194 Normandy St., West Roxbury, Mass.
"A leader is also a worker."
jack can be depended upon to do his share
whether it be The Scope, the Fraternity or his
Class. No, those fuzzy notes on his Sax are not
caused by his moustache-that's jazz.
Assistant Circulation Manager, Scope '31
Senior Editor, Scope '32
Class Banquet Committee '31
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32
Scribe Pi Omicron Sigma '32
Senior Prom Committee
junior Smoker Committee
Senior Smoker Committee '32
CLARENCE M. BAKER-"C. M."
126 Warren St., Needham, Mass.
"A strong back knows no encumbrancef'
The official class "Emcee." Regardless of the
task, momentous or menial, you but had to
call on "C. M." and you were assured of-a
first-class job. Whether it was writing for the
Scope, collecting money, or acting as Master
of Ceremonies, your worries were past history
when Clarence took the assignment. A quick
thinker, gifted with a subtle sense of humor
and an even disposition. Success will surely
junior Smoker Committee '31
Senior Smoker Committee '32
Toastmaster Class Banquet '32
Winner Clinical Excellency Medal 92
Circulation Manager Scope '32
Rlcl-IARD BAKER-"Difk", HW. G.,"
222 Gray St., Arlington, Mass.
"A dillar, a dollar, a ten o'clock scholar."
Dick is a penman and an artist. Chooses -well
his words and often chooses to ask questions.
Doesn't want a key to his own office as he
says his secretary will always open it. Affects
Vice-President junior Class '31
Vice-President Senior Class '32
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32
Associate Business Manager, Scope '32
MILLARD BEMIS-"Snapper," "Mil,"
Dublin, New Hampshire.
"Let us eat, drink and be married."
Snapper is the typical serious scholar of happy
disposition and a lover of bridge. A man of firm
convictions, but of maker of friends. He sets
the style in ties and shirts.
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32
Senior Alumni Editor Scope '32
Dfwm B, B1..-mu1111111-"Bm," "LL,-Li,"
-176 Hull St.. 1xIQ1I'ICllCSlCl', N. H.
'Always ready ful' sumc fun, hut ncvur
Slllflilflg when wiirlbs In hc dune,"
The kid ut thc class, Hu is fast 1111 hu fact,
l.1st in his studies, and Oh Buy, hnw his lingers.
C.1n travel uvcr .1 b.1ni11, He mvcs 1111 unc 11
grudge, and il hc cvcr l1.1s wrinklw in h1sf.1cc,
they w11n't he C.1uSc1l by l1'UXVllll1jQ.
Gl'31Lll1L1fII1g Cum L.lllLlC
B.1nquL-t Cnminittcc '51
P1 Umicrun Slyllkl '51, H'
G. EDXVAI111 B11,1n1,1fx'-"lf1l,'' "lZ1!1!f1.'
2' NX'.1rnc1' St., Siiiiwrvillu, Maw
"Still w.1tc1' C1111 cnwi' .1 wg-.1ltl1 :if gwltlf'
Ed is hlcsscd with nwrc ll1.lll his sl1.11u 111
t.1lc-nts. I.1111lxs. Llispusxtiiwn. pc1's1111.1l1Iy, .1tl1-
lctic nhiliry 11ntl lWI'.lII1N. HQ ix .1 two liatul
lighting lI'l5lH1l.lI1, hut nhiwv .1ll .1 PL'l'fL'Cl
j11ni11r Sinolcci' C111111111ttcu '31
junior News lf1l1t111' Suipc 'Rl
Schninl Banquet C11n11nittcc 'El
ELllflPI"Ill'CllllCf Scope '12
Senior Smukcr C11111111ittL'c '32
Scninr Gift C111'nn1ittu11 '11
1' Perry St., Bniuklinc, M1159
"Few wnrds are .1 p.irt nf W'1s1l111n."
jnhn is quiet, liliuhlc, Cheerful, ll 1.:11111l fallow.
and what have you? Knows his stufl hut
dncsnk lmve rn halt .1 drum 111' wc.1r pl.1c11r1lQ
Pi Omicrmin Sigma '30
Secretary Class 'EI.
ALBERT H. C.111'1'1a114".'ll."
111 Earl St.. Malden, Mass.
"Dignity of mnnnrr always cnnvcys ll wma
nt rcseiwed fnrccf'
Al wants nn frills or flourishes. D11ein't i11-
tend to wc-ar gold hmitl in his othcc. A-1g1111tl
sch11l111'. a gond friend, .md .1 cnnhrmctl
h:1cl1elor. Success will fnllnw him like .1
Graclunting Cum Laude.
Pi Omicrnn Sigma '31. '52
THEODORE H. COUCH, jr.-"Ted," "Teddy."'
85 Marbury Ave., Pawtucket, R. I.
"He sees Art in everything."
Teddy never will die from worry. He has a
keen mind and a genius for creation, a lover
of fast cars, and fast figures. Yes, Teddy is
good at Math.
Class Secretary '31, '32
Joke Editor Scope '52
EDWARD FEINSTEIN-"Ed," "Eddie"
4 Glenarm St., Dorchester, Mass.
"He warded off no friend."
Ed is a sincere friend, a great bowler and a
man of whom we expect much in the future,
basing our prediction on the manner in which
he engages and conquers T. O. problems.
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32
Class Gift Committee '32
15 Pearl St., Portland, Me.
"He's got a line like a fisherman, and
plenty of bait."
Altho our friend from the Pine Tree State is
not what one might call reticent, he is, how-
ever, a likeable fellow and will be remem-
bered by all for his diagnosing of cases in
Pi Omicron Sigma '51, '32
P. O. S. Sergeant-at-Arms '32
ALBERT HOFFMAN-"Al," "Hoff"
32 Porter St., Malden, Mass.
"Speech, when properly applied,
The man of many questions and great words.
Mrs. Hoffman's son Albert may often want to
know the why and wherefore of many things
but we have also found out he is quite a
pianist. Thoroughness, sincerity, and resource-
fulness are a few of his assets.
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, 52
Lewis K,iMiNsi4vw"K.imn15." "Lani,"
ZS-I8 VC'eSt 25th St., Brooklyn, N. Y.
"W'hen better mustaches are nursed Louig
will nurse them."
N. Y. Clubman and after-dinner speaker. Re-
ceived his loquacious and genial personality
from being reared .it Coney Island. Valentino's
reincarnation. lT.1liC a bow, Luuie.j
111-16 Farmers Blvd., Hollis,
Long Island, N. Y.
"A rugged body sheaths ii stout hc-art."
The man with the curly locks that are the
envy of many an admiring damsel is sure to
have a large number of feminine patients in-
cluded in his clientele. "limp" is an earnest
student and one whom we are sure will suc-
ceed in his chosen profession.
D.-mint KL?PFRS'l'lElN?"D.II1." "Kf,f,p."
1-15 Franklin Ave., Chelsea, Mass.
"Verii, Vidi, Vici."
NX"liy. he just blew in and gave us the oucc
over and conquer, say-he conquered every-
thing, everybody and carrie thru with colors
flying and all sails set. Good luck, Dan.
Pi Omicron Sigma '32,
SOLOMON Li3srcHH"SuII,i." "Sal," "Le1f!ay"
2147 Honeywell Ave., Bronx, N. Y.
"I came, I saw, 1 conquered."
A student to the core, of whom M. S. -O.
might well be proud. l-le is symbolic ot a
good-matured personality who will make some
lucky girl in Mattaipan a good Benedict.
Graduating Cum Laude.
Pi Omicrun Sigma '51. '52
Treasurer P, O. S. '52
Senior News Editor, Scope '52
Class Banquet Committee '51
Senior Prom Committee '52
Junior Smoker Committee '51
Senior Smoker Committee '32
195 Grove St., Wellesley, Mass.
"A lovable nature with a passion for know-
ledge." New Hampshire is in need of a first
class Clinic so we are all pulling for you,
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32
Senior Gift Committee '32.
JOSEPH F. PJONTMINY, Jr.-"joe,"
723 Moody St., Lowell, Mass.
"God's own Gift to Girls-and Optometry.
Diversion is a requisite for the assimilation of
knowledge. The more one studies the more
recreation one should have. I crave know-
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32
P. O. S. Vice Chancellor '32
junior Smoker '31
Senior Smoker '32
junior Prom '31
Senior Prom '32
Class Banquet '31
30 Melville St., Fall River, Mass.
"A Man among men. A Scholar among
A combination of Intelligence, Personality and
Modesty, he has won the honor, respect and
love of his fellow-students. Honors come what
may, he will always be "Hank" to "the boys."
Graduating magna cum laude
Class Treasurer, 31, '32
Business Manager Scope '32
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32
P. O. S. Chancellor '32
CECIL W. PRlDEi"CEf"
"Our President." He has the strength of his
convictions. Let no man cross him lest he be
prepared to prove his point.
junior Class President '31
Senior Class President '32
Member Executive Committee '31, '32,
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32
CHARLES PROULK-"C6.1rlie," "Long john."
20 Temple St.. Wfest Roxbury, Mass.
"Men of few words are best."
The Sphinx of the class was he. Ever quiet
and in the background, but my, how those new
theories of his did pour forth when called
upon in class.
Tiiomas E, SiiisriuN-"Tom," "Tummy,"
11 Richmond St., New Bedford, Mass.
"W-'it is the salt of conversation."
Tommy, your classmates will miss your wit,
humor and smiling countenance. NX'e all hope
you will have a large practice in "your" New
BizNM1aMiN SNYDEli4"Be'II,U "Bi:1g."
59 Longfellow St., Dorchester, Mass.
"Music hath its Charm"
His ready smile, happy disposition. and hushy
hair will always be remembered by his class-
mates. Wfill we ever forget that impersonation
of Bing Crosby at the Class Banquet? Ben is
one in a million, to know him is to love him.
Dorchester might well be proud to call him
Pi Omicron Sigma '32
Class Banquet Committee '52
INIARIANO Sosa. jr.-"Nmm." "Gf1gg."
24 Peru Ave., Panama City, Panama.
"To our shores he comes in quest
Our little friend from the Republic of Panama
was quick to learn our ways and language. He
has ci smile and a hearty slap on the back for
every one. May all the pretty Spanish girls in
Panama flock to him in droves for ocular ad-
ORAMEL W. SWAIN1"O7'1'f6.l'
122 Franklin St., Concord, N. l-I.
"Upon those who honestly toil will Success
The boy of the class who was most quiet,
studious and least heard from. He can quote
authorities from text by the page number and
paragraph. My, my, "Orrie" but those hours
you spent on the books.
Pi Omicron Sigma '31, '32.
179 Vernon St., Rockland, Mass.
"A man noble in though and brilliant
He lives far away from gay cities and the ways
of women. What keeps our "town duke" so
busy out that in that thar municipality of
Rockland? And say, how about the "way"
from Rockland to Boston?
Pi Omicron Sigma '52.
Whogs Who in the Senior Class
Best All Round-Foster Namias.
Most Popular-Ed Bradley.
Most Talented-Dave Blanchard.
Most Intellectual-Foster Namias.
Most Athletic-Ed Bradley.
Most Humorous-Ted Couch.
Best Disposition-Tom Sheerin.
Latest to Class-Dick Baker.
Best Dressed-jack Asarkoff.
Most Proficient Card Player-Sol Lestch.
Class Grind-Ossie Swain.
Most Forward-Eli Fireman.
Class Beau Brummel-Joe Montminy.
Best Excuse Giver-Dick Baker.
Most Professional-Jack Asarkoif.
Form and Color' lffiiellcils
B-y la'OS'l'hQR H. NAlXfllAS, '52
The field of vision, as we know, is the whole of space visible when we are fixing
upon any object. Witli the changing of our point of fixation the fields naturally change
their areas, however, remaining practically the same.
The image of the point of fixation falls upon the fovea. It is here that we read,
and for this reason, many refractionists pronounce a patients vision as normal, when
the case may be far otherwise.
More important to the patient is a normal para-central and peripheral field. My
choice would most emphatically be in favor of the latter. It is often the case that one
may be able to distinguish a minute object at a great distance yet be unaware of the
presence of a speeding automobile almost directly within one's path outside the central
Nature has given us central vision by which we may read or closely study an ob-
ject. More important, she has given us peripheral vision that we may protect ourselves
from whatever dangers may approach us. W-'ith this in mind, we can understand the im-
portance of a wide field.
The visual apparatus has oftimes been compared to a telephone system, with its
receiver, wire and station. Trouble
various kinds. The perimetrist is
position and nature of the trouble.
Fields may be charted either
cially adapted for peripheral study
central area up to 50 degrees.
is apt to occur at any point along the line and be of
the "trouble shooter" whose duty it is to locate the
on the perimeter or campimeter, the former is espe-
while the latter is adapted for the central and para-
When vision is poor due to a central scotoma so that the patient is unable to fix
with that eye, a red glass may be used over the patients good eye with a fixation object
of the complementary color fgreenj. For all practical purposes, however, a large fixa-
tion object may be used.
The examiner must keep in mind that perimetry is not an exact science but a sub-
jective test. Therefore, while all refinements in either the perimeter or campimeter are
of value, their necessity must be estimated with a sense of proportion.
As facial characteristics will affect the sizes of the fields, the positions of the eyes,
brows, nose, and cheeks should be taken into consideration in analyzing the finished
The patient should be made acquainted with the test objects-demonstrating the
nature of the technique, that he may co-operate more intelligently. It is well to demon-
strate the blind spot. This will impress upon him the necessity of steady fixation even
though the test object disappears.
Conserve the patients energy by concentrating attention on the defective areas
bringing out the features of most diagnostic value. Most technicians chart the blind spot
first, then the form and color fields, then look for scotomata.
In charting the color fields record the position of the spot where the patient rec-
ognizes the color with the same degree of saturation as it appears to him with central
fixation. The various colors go through various changes before reaching their "full satur-
ation," therefore the patient is to be carefully instructed in this phase.
It is well to remember: first, that the shape of the field fwithin limitsj is more
important than the sizeg second, that rapidity of examination and comfort of the patient
are of prime importance, and third, that the scope of perimetry is limited on the one
hand by the nature of the tests involved, on the other by the ability of the patient to
respond to them.
When the contractions of the fields are uniform or concentric, one may look for
FUNCTIONAL rather than ORGANIC causes.
As a rule, the depressions are not uniform. In charting scotomata, the defect is
absolute when no light perception exists. For this reason a strong light should be used
on all scotomata as it will be found that absolute defects are not as common as lesser
tests might lead us to believe. fTliis is of importance to the Optometrist specializing in
the development of vision in amblyopic conditionsj Vision for colors may be seriously
affected while the field for white remains practically unchanged and vice versa.
Any enlargement of the blind spot, relative or indistinct, is indicative of a path-
ological change. An enlargement of two degrees is considered as pathological. The di-
rection of the enlargement is of vital importance. An enlargement from above and be-
low indicates glaucoma. In toxic amblyopia and myopia of a high degree, the enlarge-
ment is toward the fovea. In glaucoma, perimetric readings have shown us that changes
take place in the peripheral fields especially on the superior nasal side leaving the central
area more or less unaffected. In its incipient stages glaucoma yields to medical and
surgical treatment, in the latter stages, due to atrophy and hemorrhages, if it yields at
all it is with a variable amount of success. Inasmuch as early treatment is necessary for
success in glaucoma, early recognition of the condition cannot be too greatly stressed.
In choroidal disturbances the fields of red and green are usually contracted with
a fairly normal blue and form field. Disturbances of the rod and cone layer of the retina
have the reverse affect, there being a shrinkage of the blue fields while there is little
change in the fields for red and green.
Much can be said in regard to various perimetric signs in various conditions but
I believe it would be unwise to delve further into the subject at this time. However, a
few simple marks which optometrists might follow to a certain degree would not be
Involvements of the green fields are indicative in IHOSI cases of focal infections.
This in turn may ffrom the toxemiaj cause some form of retinal disease. Clioroidal in-
volvements may be due to some direct source of infection.
In green constriction, look for abscessed teeth, sinus infections, diseased tonsils or
foci of infection of any kind. Acute poisons of various types can be the cause.
A constricted red field when not secondary to green constriction primarily in-
dicates a systemic toxic condition. When both fields are constricted the toxemia is be-
coming general. A high leucocyte count will substantiate this diagnosis.
The general systemic depression may be caused by faulty diet, intestinal stasis, or
anything causing a general systemic poisoning.
The involvement of the blue field is often indicative of an organic disorder. A
specific heart involvement will contract the blue field prior to any disturbance of the
red or green. On the other hand an ulcerated tooth could cause heart trouble. In this
case there would first be a constriction of green, the red involvement being secondary.
In general systemic toxemia the blue field is seldom constricted alone. There is
usually a contraction and overlapping of red and green fields.
Toxic Amblyopia may be caused by two general types of poisoning, exogenetic or
Exogenetic poisons are usually selfradministered such as coffee, tea, tobacco, alcohol,
Endogenic poisons are usually generated within the body, i. e., diabetic poisona
ings, glandular, kidney, etc.
A distortion and contraction of the form field combined with intei-lacing of the
fields for color is indicative of infections due to exogenic poisons.
ln tobacco amblyopia there is first a constriction and interlacing of the red field,
the form field becomes distorted. There is usually an enlargement of the blind spot and
the red field will be most contracted especially in the upper and outer quadrant. It may
be unilateral or bilateral.
Endogenic poisonings usually leave the field contracted while distortion is less
marked. The form and color fields are affected alike. Certain drugs, such as quinine and
aspirin affect the field as endogenic poisons.
In the early stages there will be a marked enlargement of the color field with
probable contractions in either the lower or upper areas possibly towards the nasal side.
The color field becomes greatly constricted in the advance stages. This is also true
of the form and white field. Under treatment the return to normal is slow being more
marked laterally than vertically.
Perimetry thus offers us a means of diagnosing impending pathology long before
the exploration of the fundus with the ophthalmoscope can ofier assistance, Wfith this
means at the disposal of the Optometrist skilled in color field analysis, he may be able to
enter new iields of useful professional endeavor.
As Brombach states, "This method of optometric interpretation of color fields may
well take the place that X-Ray analysis occupies in dentistry."
"An Introduction to Clinical Perimetry" by H. M. Traquaire.
"The Principals and Practice of Perimetry' by Peters.
"Practical Guide for Charting and Interpreting the Visual Fields" by Win. A.
Dr. Svendlsengs Selliiooll Clliiniie
Students aiippireeiiaite Anatomy teaelhetgs interest
The senior class wish to extend humble and profound gratitude to Dr. Wil-
helmina Svendson, who through unstinted and unselfish effort, established a wonderful
clinic at the school. The students had complete charge of their patient under the super-
vision of Dr. Svendson, and each student who took an interest received an immeasurable
amount of good out of this method of conducting a clinic. All were loud in their praise
of Dr. Svendson, and each feels that she has given him something that it would have
been impossible to obtain without her timely assistance.
lPit Otnniioiroin Sigma Fraternity
By ROBERT C. HYLAND, '35
The Pi Omicron Sigma Fraternity opened its activities for the year on Thursday
evening, October Sth, by holding a smoker at the school for the members of the -junior
Class. The purpose of this smoker was twofold, being, to have the students become bet-
ter acquainted with each other, and to have them obtain an idea as to the activities of
the fraternity. Dr. Ralph Green of the Alumni and the Faculty was the guest speaker
and his talk on fraternalism aroused much enthusiasm among the members and students
After a vveek of pledging. sixteen terrified candidates were initiated into the frat-
ernity on the evening of November oth. The initiation ceremony took place at the Grand
Army Hall in Arlington and was enjoyed by all.
During the year the fraternity has sponsored a series of educational lectures having
as guest speakers such prominent men in Optometry as Dr. Hovvard C. Doane. Chairman
of the Massachusetts State Board of Examiners. Dr. Clinton R. Padelford. Dr. XVilli.t.'n
Smith and Dr. james Collins of the Colonial Optical Co. The greater part of these lectures
were open to the student body and the fraternity again wishes to express its gratitude to
the above men for the time and effort they have expended in order that they might assist
the students in solving the many problems of the profession.
On Thursday evening, October 29th.. the annual Halloween dance was held .tt
the Hotel Vendome. This dance was a decided success and it is hoped that next year it
will be possible to have these enjoyable social functions more often.
The final meeting of the fraternity was held on Wednesday' evening, May I ltlt, .tt
the school. The election of ofiicers for next year took place and following this the mem-
bers adjourned to dinner and the theatre.
The ofiicers elected for the year 1932-1955 are:
Chancellor-Dearborn L. Shaw, Bangor, Me.
Vice ChancellorfRobert C. Hyland, Pittsfield, Mass.
Scribe-E. Perry Truesdale, Somerville, Mass.
Guardian of the ExchequerfRalph B. Gaeta, Union City, N. il.
Sergeanteat-Arms-George M. Dillon, Milford, Mass.
Member of the Executive Committeefjohn VU, O'Brien, Mattapan. Mass.
Thus another year has ended and the present officers are to be congratulated on
their fine work and untiring efforts in making this one of the finest fraternal years ever
enjoyed at M. S. O.
SOD!-XS SUNDAES H
l ,fwzck at foe 67 Dee
l COOLING FRESH FRUIT DRINKS AND LIBERTY ROOT BEER i
a 160 MASSACHUSETTS AVE., BosToN '
IV" ' 'T ' T" T7 ' T ' " ?l
HOW TO "COMMENCE"
lf' e iz
X A 1
Q, si Q5
X , " I
: 4 K X O
At C0ll1lll0l1C6Ill6l1t Tlll1C
nlost in tl1e nlinds of most
with starting their practice
There is an office to plan
innumerable questions to
is ready, a practice to build.
In our organization are
the questions upper-
graduatcs have to do
-equipnlent to select-
decide-and, when all
n1en who are qualified
a11d will he glad to help you with sonle of your
problems. Fl'Oll1 long experience they know the
practical prohlelns of hC0llllI1Cl1Cil'1g,,.
There are nearly 200 A O Branches in the fnited
States and Canada. Wllerever you locate, nlake the
acquaintance of the lllanager of the A 0 Branch
near you. He is a good nian to know.
AMERICAN OPTICAL COMPANY
The Seope Silzalill 1932231933
Robert C. Hyland
Hyman Simons-john T. Bedell
Dearborn T. Shaw
fl.i,mt'r.iltf Blf.fll1e'.I'.f .ll.111.1qer
Paul S. Cline
lllvin C. Haynes
john M. O'Brien
Three members of the incoming -lunior Class will be chosen next year to
round out the personnel of the Staff.
The Editor wishes to avail himself of this opportunity to thank each member of
the present Staff for the whole-hearted co-operation which has been alforded him during
the past year. Words can hardly express gratitude to Miss Alyce McCabe, our congenial
School Secretary, for the many, many things she has done and the words of wisdom and
guidance which she has smilingly offered throughout the year. Please accept a profoundly
sincere "Thank you" Alyce. Last, but not least, we wish to thank our advertisers, who
make our little paper possible. May we remind our subscribers that they are reputable
business houses olfering quality merchandise backed by their own good name who merit
and will value your patronage.
W VT TSLEWS C O P E
tlliuiiiiiiioit Class History
By JOHN T. BEDIELL, '53,
We, the Class of '33, have reached the halfway mark. To most of us the summer
will be a welcome interlude, if only for the purpose of reviewing and absorbing this
Ours has been the largest class in the history of M. S. O., notwithstanding .ne
absence of the mysterious Mr. Chill, and on the whole our year has been very successful,
both from the academic and social viewpoint. Few of us have felt the sting of failure,
and many have made noteworthy progress in the work.
The junior Class has been especially fortunate in having had Dr. 1. Pastal
added to an already excellent teaching staff. His enthusiasm for the work has proven
most infectious. Dr. Klein, has been extraordinarily patient with us and has given its
privileges and advantages which no previous class has ever enjoyed. New equipment 3.5.11
been added, and our quarters enlarged. ln fact. every facility has been provided. ex '-,' ry
encouragement oifered, to aid us in doing our best. We wish to extend profound thanks
to each and every member of the liaculty for their earnest efforts in propounding sulfi-
cient and lucid material to lay a firm foundation for the absorption of more intricate
knowledge of a most complicated and scientific study.
Socially the year has been a tremendous success. A large majority of the class are
active and interested members of the fraternity. Wife but hope that we can continue the
good work that was propagated by the graduating class and make this organization, the
Pi Omicron Sigma Fraternity, a worthwhile and beneficial body to be associated with.
Our class dance in April was well attended and supported. We assumed the role
of pioneers in that we were the first class to sponsor a like function in a night club. It
was strictly informal and thoroughly enjoyed. Those present reflected proper credit on
the profession and the occasion elicited much favorable comment.
The annual trip to Southbridge, a yearly invitation extended by the American
Optical Co. to visit their enormous plant, far exceeded expectations. It was decidedly inf
teresting and instructive. We wish to thank the American Optical Co. and we might add
it is with pleasure that we anticipate next year's visit.
It is with regret that we say "goodbye" to the Senior class. We are indebted to
them greatly for the willing co-operation and assistance they have given us, in studies
and social functions, and in helping to orient ourselves at school. To them we extend
our heartiest well-wishes for continued success in their chosen profession-Optometry.
We hereby make the fervent avowal that we, as students and professional man.
shall do all within our power, in offering our little mite, to propel Optometry to the
highest heights and we shall guard zealously its good name and future.
if H E S CgO
l Y -gl
l Pictures by J. E. PURDY, I6O Tremont St. 1
BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS r
B orricmi. PHOTOGRAPHER Fon THE MASSACHUSETTS Scuooi. or oProMETRY I
Informal talllk welll reeeiived
On Tuesday, May IO, 1952 the Senior Class was given a very interesting and il-
luminating heart to heart talk by Dr. Herman Klein, a younger brother of the Registrar.
Dr. Klein explained many line points of the "shop" side of the work and then went on
to give a few practical details in Hoiiice psychology." The younger member of the re-
nowned Klein family fairly oozed personality, and his method of presenting what seemed
an extemporaneous talk made a great "hit" with the students, He spoke to the students
as man to man and particularly stressed ethics and professionalism of which he left the
impression of being a walking exponent. I-Ie closed his informal talk by inviting all to
visit his oliice at their disposal and it would not be at all surprising if he had many
visitors from M. S. O.
Nurse: "Are you going to give my pa-
tient something to slow down his heart
Doctor: "Yes, an elderly nurse."
A good thing to remember,
A better thing to do,
Work with the Construction Gang-
And not with the Wrecking Crew.
So IT SEEMS
"Is there any truth in the report that
Angus MacTavish bought the corner filling
"Well, I don't know for sure, but the
'free air' sign has been taken down,"
"What was the cause of the collision at
that corner today?"
"Two motorists after the same pedes-
's W1LL's ERROR
The twins had been brought to be
"What names?" asked the minister of
"Steak and kidney," he answered.
"Bill, cried the mother, "it's Kate and
Kaminsky to Waiter: "I know of noth-
ing more exasperating than to find a hair
in my soup."
Waiter A "Well, it would be worse,
-.vouldn't it, to have the soup in your hair?"
Hambones reflection: "I-leap o' folks
worries over de parts of de Bible what dey
can't understanf but I worries over dem I
The right to a prolit for service well
rendered is not sufiiciently enjoyed
in the optical field. The adoption of
ORTHOGON lenses provides a
legitimate and etiiective method ofse-
curing a more adequate proht with-
out increasing fixed charges and
ORTHOGOJVS lllc' rzlmifzzble in SOFT LITE also.
CULUNHAL CU5lP'llillCAlL C00
G. Rl. Smith Optical Company Michaels, Bohiing Gibbs, lnc.
Boston New York City
Silhert Optical Company, lnc.
6 Q LQ
E 5 :W
-ogggggsggr ,Ii E
32EfwUEw?E22 Q5 Q MS
W Q5 gg
..Og..,,-:fDO..:.:-Qf.4. , rixl
o--2-QD' ..,.,pDCC . Sgffl
2.3253252232 Z Z :Wi
-,3:J'f,, Qgfqggggg, ti F
Z Ei LQ
w f .' :r at 2 W : H Q uv C23 :veiq
E U2 te?
Q UD LQ
Syimapautlhetiio Uveitis or Sympathetic
By JOHN F. BRENNAN, '32.
Sympathetic Uveitis is a much dreaded pathological condition, in which serious
inflammation attacks the sound eye after an injury to the other eye.
The occurrence of this condition, thankfully, has become fewer in recent years,
due to the increased skill in the treatment of perforating wounds, particularly in the ap-
plication of antiseptic principles. A perforated woundutherefore, especially if a foreign
body is retained within the eye, is therefore a source of great anxiety.
Sympathetic Uveitis, primarily results from a perforating wound, one such as is
caused by a foreign body, which remains within the eye for some period of time. Wouiatls
in the ciliary region, iris or lens, the so-called "dangerous zone," and leading to its in-
carceration in the scar have always been considered dangerous. lf suppuration supervenes,
Sympathetic Uveitis is very unlikely to follow, hence perforating ulcers very seldom fol-
The occurrence of this pathological condition takes place at any age, but children
are particularly susceptible. It usually begins from four to eight weeks after the injury
to the first eye has taken place. Very rarely it occurs much sooner, but the onset may be
delayed for many months or even years.
There is always an Iridocyclitis in the primarily infected eye. Usually it is a plastic
type, which has been set up by the injury and has not subsided in the course of three or
four weeks. Instead of quieting down, the ciliary injection remains and there is lacryma-
tion and tenderness to pressure.
In the sympathizing eye there is almost always found a plastic Iridocyclitis due to
other causes. In cases known to have a predisposition to the condition, the first sign may
be the presence of precipitates on the back of the cornea. When fully developed all the
signs and symptoms of Iridocyclitis are present, varying in degree to the severity of the
case. Tension, although difficult to determine on account of the tenderness, is moderately
raised. It may then pass into the condition of lowered tension with gradual shrinking of
the globe. In most cases a ring synechia forms and secondary glaucoma supervenes.
Sympathetic Uveitis sometimes takes two or more years to run its course.
The pathology of Sympathetic Uveitis is unknown. The microscopic examination
in both the primary infected eye and the sympathizing eye are the same. It is probable
that the condition in the sympathizing eye is a Proliferative Uveitis fFuchsj and that
the infection, which is pathogenic for the eye alone, is conveyed through the blood
stream to the sympathizing eye. QRoemerj. In the earliest stages examined, there are
nodular aggregations of small round cells scattered throughout the uveal tract.
Evidence which has accumulated in modern times tend to show that Sympathetic
Uveitis is an infective disease and is least liable to occur in otherwise likely cases if the
wound or retained foreign body is sterile. On the other hand it rarely occurs if actual
suppuration has taken place in the primarily infected eye. It is therefore more likely to
occur from retention of shot, a chip of stone, glass, etc., than from a particle of hot steel,
probably because the latter is sterile.
Various theories have been brought forward to explain the occurrence of inflam-
mation in the sympathizing eye. It has been suggested that severe inflammation in one
eye produces a tendency to ciliary irritation in the other eye by some occult means con-
nected with their anatomical and physiological symmetry, but there is no evidence to
support this conjecture, The most probable theory is that there is a specific organism,
which has as yet escaped observation possibly because it is so small, as to be ultravisible
by the microscope, but one which causes general infection through the blood stream. It
may be conjectured that the organism is harmless to other organs of the body and that
it finds suitable nidus only in the other eye and even then only under favorable circum-
The treatment of Sympathetic Uveitis is a most difficult problem. Primarily treat-
ment must be prophylactic. ln every case of a perforated wound, with or without reten-
tion of a foreign body the question of enucleation of the eye on account of the danger
to its fellow arises. It may be assumed that Sympathetic .Uveitis never occurs after the
excision of an injured eye, unless it has already commenced before the excision. There-
fore, excision is a positive safeguard against the disease. Secondary treatment for Sym-
pathetic Iridocyclitis is administered.
Prognosis in this disease is very unfavorable, due to the great inflammation of the
entire uveal tract. thus affecting nutritional apparatus of the eye, causing shrinkage and
Hnally atrophy of the entire structures of the eyeball.
Referenre: Parsons, Henderson, Fuchsg Dr. Sloane's lectures at the Mass. School of Op-
Uflth Bffl U'iM5.rj701ll
DR. HENRY SCHURGIN
DR. SYDNEY D. ADAMS
DR. JOSEPH I. PASCAL
Beit ffirhar Q'
DR. RALPH GREEN
DR. ALBERT E. SLOANE
170 MASS. AVE. BOSTON, MASS.
Patient-Well, doc, you sure kept your
promise when you said you'd have me
walking in a month.
The Doctor fglowingj - Well, well,
Patient-Yes, I had to sell my car when
I got your bill.
"I'm glad you're so impressed, dear, by
all these explanations I have given you
about banking and currency," remarked
"Yes, darling. It seems wonderful that
anybody could know as much as you do
about money without having any."
Plefzfe ptifiwzize om' fzdz'e1'Iife1'r-they nuke om' liltle paper pofrible. Tluzma yon.
I W -CCW . -,..
E EXTEND OUR BEST WISH ES TO Tl-IE i
GRADUATING CLASS FOR A SUCCESSFUL FUTURE V
IN THEIR I1ROEEssION. 1
387 WASHINGTON STREET BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS
u - ff' 'W' A ffffeefe "TNI
CONGRATULATIONS JUST REMEMBER
Rueben Baer '51, successfully passed WlIatex'er people think, say, or do, af-
the New .Iersey Board examinations re- fects themselves more than it can possibly
cently. Luck to you, Rueben. affect others.-japanese Philosophy.
5 ,i , , Y..
OUR AIMS ARE ALIKE
l You want your patients to depend upon you absolutely.
We Want you to depend On us.
IN SERVING YOU
I we are always striving for that slight margin Ofsuperioritv.
We believe that our customers appreciate Our efforts.
More than any other one thing we sincerely endeavor to
merit YOUR CONFIDENCE and GOOD-VVILL.
GEM OPTICAL COMPANY
333 WASHINGTON ST. BOSTON, MASS.
Tale Netfer ,Sell at 'Retail
YOUR TECHNIQUE, ELI! - C T TOUGH Task
Vivian: "You had no business kissing It was a little girl who prayed: "God
me," make all the bad people good, and all the
Eli: "I know it. It's a pleasure." good people easy to live withf,
I -- . ., , I .
A E HERE IT is y
I OUR NEW Double Breasted
I Ig TUXEDO y
y 1 , FOR RENTAL y
' I I
5 e .Rf READ sr WHITE I
' , S IIHCI' St. and 93 Mass. Ave. Prov. Store, VVoulwurtlI Bldg. 'L
nf- -f 4-f a f- n
l'le.1.Ie ll7rIfI'lllljZt,' um' .1J1'ef'fi.Ierxrfflveiy Nirzie um liflfe fhlfltfl' firfuifzfe, 111.1116 -yall.
Y f aff.. 3233
Yggmfn- 71 ' li '
bf. .af Yi?
Q ,W W4 . 'JH' Mi
Jw' ':'.v"'.ew ek-"-ff wvxwwmwifsf fr "fs"1W" 'UZW!f.f5'1vfiffw1'w1?'W:v1v:'-Svf'-ws...W? V EW 'f wgwf 2'W":l"v
.?'?-.gg,?9Qmif?Qf Q25QfNW.5"q3F?ff.?.i,i.4iliQg3g jgf:3f3,?gi.fQ??31g.Q2x.2.t.fgeg?5i.1.gi.is3,.Q,3g.j.Q. gqWi5fj5:5f9.g?.F1'5y..a2t?2iM"5Sr2lg5,SQW'g4?PEg
S, 4721.2 V NIU Ifvf Q, in s ff A ' JJX y IJ
W W W fn Pi 4f....v..f . 5' .ff vf ff . . .. ...ff .
.I Q Mb
liwxiw? ?.:v?iNg...Qve!q. Q.R..1ff?w.'.,f552.71z?..f..fpi.f. M: em- if '?3-,Q,f.f.W
.Q?Zf5fz.?f'-T 4515? '.2fvf.,. Q. g.3.,Q'f'b .v?.gf.iiqg.g sn.. - 1f.Er2.Me2f Q
'ft' ii QW, Q QP? UE. Nw.. 5 L Mg H4 1ff"Q'J.fl 4. 9' i". fl,
id. vi 'W 'QQ ' vflgls rw ,Y 'Gflf 'vial' id!! WJ
gi!! I .1 a' iq, 'ww 1 vi 1' "1 TN 'Is 'A V" .XYJQ fgg .. 17W' A
Fe :..:'+:f.F .-kg. Ewuf' .AYJ4 .gy 5 12?
rfE....g.i4f ..ffP',fs5.".fi?2..:g.f.' M .. ..f5Cf'4ib3f,'f?ggQf..'?3.f
My .fw5Q?KQm. i..,2sa2431., ,,., fmif.
Wig f' +13?f'5S him 43362
A w.1i5..gH a.3i.4yf..?11..:wS'."f3w MQ M .lf
.-,- ' ' . Q , ' Mfr ,YIV V '1 V' A .V IEHLU ' ' 4. .-1, L ' "I ' ,Xi , ,x 1-J --m '
.W .1 f'fa.W5. HH.:
F m lm q 1 I vt U A 4
2 3 Y J gg ,.?.2?W5'..g i 'agfgvz
, .. , ,A 1, 2
W.v.3f"lm HM? H es.: 1' Wfiggwlfig iv ff.pLW.1.w W .
" , 1' . . 1 I ., s "' 9.5. . V., . .- Y. '. '."
.', , H 1 -4 4 2 j I ., . ',.'A q , M 1.1: . -...1.2... .':,.., ,fb W 1 -'.,' ..:
., A. Q. ...H , IgA L, . ,Q af 1... v,..! ...n 5-'Ly t,,,1.,. ,f ,. 4 .M 'P fx..
35" -- wh, -fi. 'F -WSfsQf'2f.'-bf: f..fQw"Li:'f:... 1-:fafwff-WHQ vlwfffgixf-?i?'
K' I' ' -A 1 V . ' ' G' V J' ,in X' 'I ' ff- ' 1 1 I ' l
, R K in Egg uf.
2 WM M.'3Q1W' .. .vv..1s.'w M. Qr.f'4.2i1+ Qiigglialfwf Sf Www MQ XQEIMQ .5
e 4 ,W H 1 ,
3 t Zigi Egg 1g!.'C55?5:i,Q QM Qjg?f ,gJL52?g1x5?wtF 'egg kpggjgsfiigx, vaQm.sHf2E53?.Qi gtg5?s
14 H- -'. N y. '. . - , ,... "f-fy v'.-- iv .vw , . 4- '- .. "wc,-.., -.f +, 16' .,
.guy I , 'ACQ7 1, '-551: 'ig v H I jj 2, .Y 1' JMS- ' Ugg . .i1'ivY, :G FR VV, Jiffwxy 1.1!-f,,l,'.v hxiltg' .hhl I if
4 Eu xi Wi? Q .AW1'. '-if A ' i ffiff+..1....iP?ff ff?ffw
.Hi if-"fw.2?g. 'Ur tsl f5i.1i2'Pf v
.W .wwf 241. H
'Hag MTV' ?1PjaJgH'vgf ly " 'J 2' if! wr kv!
M.wwe...-zi,.u2wW'fsf ..ffffa...F..i12a2 ff?
.2112 "W" A. '5' '.:.' .' V . 5, .v 'Mp' 3., 1.
FIU J-'. wsfhihf lY'.K1.x.-Q5 .zwsvwfi . 1 ff
glen .,w4jiW.3w..g.,. 3,3561 Y 'V nw N ,.w W w-.J . .wig
'WS S! Jfgbfmfnx .3f,f1i-,Qs
wk ' ' - -
'wnawwiw 'ip .Lp .315 'U1.gK.swWfm' '-'WE"JZ
1? ggi. f Qu? N .fix W.
I A A , , YJ. .j D-ig. 4 , V g afk, ,. Q ,f,,W".2jy , , , . , , M . ,,
if i'VH'.,n. Ag' tw. '. gi, .'1'gQ.-14155.-mb '. " 1 I'KXZ5?i,,2f.'y -fi!"E.r1?..q.,' ., , . J .I 'U Jffq' 1 fi.,-1 pgx?-f, 'X ' '-ggf: Jimi'-gli' "'4
w .ailwiwwif ..jf.a.Qf4g ff ..iSfKf15i4?1?f"53wHf2fiKw5i..5?.v?Qf-225??1f?WF W.-X FP?2f?1vf.fi.E2fF'i?+f'ff'?lf.M532 WWI.f.fe"f?ff'H'2Wf.53S3'kf
., . . fl 2 film 'f- -'.MT!3'.Ff ea-:bfvff-.-9N55:"W?'. 'kW.+'d 95 -rf 'W-5kQ3f'iffffmh.-f"?3'1'-'"6?953"f?.5lf.R'Q2H Y. ....,..5fW5:f'..A-ffufiw-AZQY5-'.+5..
, 6. W .. .H.fig....u:.k..... .+fw..f me W-.'f,1h2..:.'.f?z.. ef, '2 .w.w ...awK...iw..wf1. .Wfs2.:"f'
sly? Q .fi r ,FM
' a', ' " ' f -'29 Wil"."":wT.: 3 M'-4--" 1 1' ,Mp . 5' -Q ' HIS ,,.,' nw, f' ' L' ,,+'fR': ? " ,M .1 ., , wi' 'fl-f7.' iff-
.!yT,'.AQ,a A I mg. ll .5 , Jh. 1.55.1 gli. VAT"I .Q 1- ,x 'ha ann. I vm-'vi:l4,L:,..hpWS M 7. yup Y.-11.3. 4c:-r71.b,1f,- ,envy A-A AZLQLZ1 f l. HQJ5. -:L .E 'mksvilg -QVC
3733.435-,u Hmjaffgflhv Vggrfil ipibilwiw. ,,j.?i5,,-3g5.,!2.E.g Vjlsfgnw.. sq... HX. lfE.:.?1,3..mf:,g,1MQbgh lff5t:1.3:'tn,3:2?w2i'.3Q'1'u Wi. Jxa1?Z.e..Q:1fF,g5'.Jgggii:,.lig. 'gifqghf
14 1 . ' 'Fx .. 1- " 4 ',""',' an I ',, ,."' X 41' " ' .wax . .1 "X ', "
' .5,..?f4Q.Lt wwf? 'MQ .f '95 'um . 2. win-Y -1. 4.1. P W .P gwi L4-.rL. 1 i.J+!.-+' 'i.WPL'5TM4-'..-.4!J,- fm' 1
-. -, , V '1 -yy., sbfwff..ffwQ3-mvi..2.'4P'4p?,.'-'giiw945' .I-HH .H 'cw r.f'Qlwf-K .,,gl..4N,w- ,en.-f.'t'1'- kt 'lf,fL..g-4.4. .- 5-5..,3,.u-.K-'-'n ...yr a.,:5'.i, w.2.vQ,y...,,.,?f-.5 -...qi-Y if
.Q-52.31, 337,41 xgijgilzfgm 24" imtmr- if My wg- -5,34 4 '5?xrL.,.x,Jfq7Qj., Au., 45 ,..-:,Qj,4.'...:fi.,:y g,1,..i,.,'xWW+ ,I gf. 1..lm!l:X.Q,f IME.. Nj! 'Nj ,Lv bm Ee.:
!Qyq,5gg.,.,gl3c..!lgviga...5i.x.-.3gS23gfw.r,g,.':Qf.?f2fi3f,?,11f...,.o5m..,- ..,f5.fvf, ..2.p.-.. .2f?.e.Eg,A,,EYJ!5..A.Q1.:vw ..f+1S?7'fMfA-5.QQ'Qgpigvf.ff:fi-w.31..'Qm?fs,:?g-.wfalw115gN.?,f..ij5Q.1K H30
f , f .' -.' mf- 2 1 ,Q ffg 'M.,, .ful 1,-1-A . 5-vs. egg., rw, f - .fir 'AL . pg . '
E Q' ggyyllyzwyhflgfiivg L-gpg! 542 Q1 ft? 6:91 ,Tiana Alan. U 21193 5351.1 rxkfvlsgl Tsyqfffqiff M.:'TQEiiL,f.:f cwfgikifi.-1351
'QETSQ .f f'.vi.239?5ifi"w .f..fi.ExM f.'f?'f?fiwfE2,4 SWr.H.l:W'f51'1ff,35'is?5-r.'HQ: A-4.5 if f-+1 . N5 .Stk-7i'f1f?5Qi'
. 1 .. .,4fig.Q.....5l4lv, , 4.2 .. , . -bi 1,,rT.,.-' , e?,...2 Q.. ., . 4. fm:
.. ,. .,. , .. . :, n., . ,, .-., . . ,- ,-f J. 1 -',,-Am .yi '... - .1 -.I V . ,,.- , -,- 1--,ir-gc . 1 . I-,g .. .1 v, 1,-1' 1. ff, ,,
Il i Qt 9 Dniirall r if r' BS Kg ,fsgwh-P Hsu' VJ! lblfi xlpzi ahhh 'tfffuxlt' Cs. .KM wr 53. vw! f JF .441 ,E
. . i " ' I if.. 1 ' w 'WJ f -44' .J if .4-W. "-Q'.'-.f"'1 V"-n .1 'Gif "fd-G "H-if PC - f-21.-'fi' T' .-"",.'1'Asfi Y. '.,'-1""'1':' ., '-1'.'.'i
'JW HA T: 'ffl ity: .fb Y' ' Ye!" "uL'K"5'-.Q 'ZH'--, f "'-' g.!.'..'4N.L M?!.u,1'- "'.,,-S, f f"Mg',',' f' 11, 42 my " "TJ 220.127.116.11 ,fx .-S Lfwf, J. ':'1,,4' s
MW.-f.3f.zgs .:V..g:'rSfl?.v3:z'1ffa2f:.?Giff'-.9.4z1':sQ5gH.'R'BREW--f.f-.1:'w.f-.mf-3:-ffr'-div...iff?Q3i.'.Qi' 'iffif?-'fry'-Y:'5aff.g.2wf2:...'.:?:i..2 W'15W1.s2!i?e
41.-6:31 in-f..Q'iSCfc6.'iif'f'E21g6..5iPL 41' -SJNfQgsH-1. Tw 'nf-Q3':fW'1.21'hfa'.L?'k1f1?v5''wwfu-f'fi3f..f1"fii?.'f'A-145.1'.-wwffm-Q'iffW.',gf'i5Mn" 32551-:Wit wg5Z1,:1"'KM51 YJQJWWYW-iffif
5TN1W4ff'7'iKiffL'13',"33 32- 15l"'? .iWF1,'f 'Y if "1 9? VEW 'ffifxim'5'?3H'5'1Wl"'1f' "'3f1'f'x'5"' 3r':3'Y"'f ki' "gil ' ff?'f'W' W"i4"'w3 Sf? MST? Q Q l'.?+ff'9'l'?" W 'QF xW"'
WV 93? if ff fWS?fv5'??w12 155245-ffY+9'5 i'15ff 5i2f'9T'55f"4f f.5'?Ef.'ff fffff-fw'ff+fi1'.f if? "ff MfA.12 .f!f?ff..1.5 Emi? f'iWQf.f?'9f
iw ,' -Wfal? ,452 1Q5A.Q"1'w53'Hf1?'7v.'Q. 5 +A-. f5ff'... ff- iii?-1. viii .EM Y Q, N- '1.Qg1' H "We" ' 5 .218 . E13 af?-L"? C5 K WH
EEW2fGM?"ie.'.H.f:.fSf.fi.g,f'mgfW.?4'1f..v .:.a1fy.: .'ffw".2fv.f '.ff3L2i'3?-5f'.'jvQ5fZ1Y"5'L'1Si-i'i'f3?: WW253'P5?..?.f.?.1f22?.?B.W.gg'2Y.2f?2.3
I w 1 4.3
1 N 3 lg!! 5' M3f'H"H" ff.. ' . 'wr W' 'P ' 'M 1.4'1m
" jf' j 'P-I "!' YJ. - "Q f"YiW. 2.37 "1'.'2QXi'5 F31""1,f ' ...x-fi' 'I Q-.LN-4-i.1',? 1, 2' 1 f- h'-Y '.,'.-'M E. "". 1' "U '
. ., I -. ,. 'M-lg..-4 "5 ...I I. V. ,rw , 1'5" '.' ' AQ .,,'-,' 1' ' ' Z 'lv
L I: .IQEM 'A' 'iidiw A 'Sit W3w'f'Q'Q"!'3,N.r r,.fi"1f.PP-9.:'!S'l "gf 2 Aga. 1192.-nf. QQ .M-,fJI' v:,7H J'.f 'Qf"v'f.9 Mr. UT if 'Lf' ' if-ff.
'I X, ' 1. M. .nw ., M M. gi- W-.V 1. -'l l., fi. .I-.14-,j'1 ' 1.5!-KM 3,11-1. I- ra v,'! , 1115- -.A-ta Nj-19,
" r., ., 4-1, 1-, , .Qian ,'.,'?.-.,'41'.'H'g.f q,,,4..,,lA,.A.,. .lg-.f ..:' rv: A 51- , .,,f.41, ,-rf, lim
1 '-.4 'N V Miitxykgifjv' "5 5' ..r.fw.'.5 I L'.xQ"" ' 55'-5-f4'H1Y1Y N-Vhx' 'ff' 2. -" sz. 'fv 'Q' . 'SHE 1'-. "W 'WH rf .3
.-'g.1.-ew.. .'qv.,5ghr. .gv'f,L...f .f?g::.gp.--HL .'f.Pf.fw', my-F6+..fff11.'5.M-if Miip' 14. wg f':,C3i'v,1lQif.,T'b. gp.tk.a1,-.affvw.-',-.1..'i2'- .rfg,f.'Sp.efx'.,g.gg5,'.,Q'
fs "N PW? 54" 1-ffxgffisf-X5 517. M.. 5i5!2y'V', fi' 3114-, '??'?'J'. A 57:24, "3fv.14'g3N ,31W,5'5.'15 1 ,-sv ""o,'? 'M134"'giv 554' f"L'5+M,'N, -wwf? ,gi 'ffi2"fNg,!gf75.rJf-.g?5+19.4"-!,':fff1".'3! b.i4f."WfL'1x.,
af!W+,N'Ni.'5.72Q"M.4'.diX'aiifk5w,' W ,?.fW"?.: 463.-'11't?3'2hw'H.:..aY W QM' 5133?-:.1lf,.rF?..'51. Z'-f5'.?.'.S.f5':35'. '1"'.1f.3'.'1 .f.21?:.-M3556 wg r- k'.aW?U 1, Fi.
fmfam 4,M5l4Q,rQcj..f.Q, 535418. Q 3: :'r..Q, iq- ,..L -mv. QQ M-I.. I' gain. ,Q,f,b',Aj,, ,Q 3, 1?7:.I,.Q,.125qQ'f,3,,M,WTGQEYM
if Eff., ,.v.:'A "W ffm-1iMfq'17...fJ??54jk.qi.5Q --1iMf.1'f'v. ya .gi.'f.:-fw AiW5Nw.Q':wvQr.Q,.'.
75933-A-...3.0?V5 "AF'TiF'f'-'W'fH62Y .vf9fEj?"XfX in '21i'f'4k5.,f'4..'f-"f01m9"iLE'?f"-.1 l.'!AS.-JW EWU' 1 ff Nik'f"'fM1'.'W.Wl..f.iWA-4 fW51"v 'GQ' .fN'f1?".'k'5' J"'-'.'D"F3-mi
S......'..........1ffW1. '+sW'Lf.A F5 .ff:.fw'2.Pa:.2'w.w14.'. mf wi. -4 ...Q ff...2...:w.-s.f.f.ff....f ..+...ZH.:..f. -1 .fw..+f1's2wfw
mi- ...-1.-.1-'.'lI+i'afa' "3q.3L'5-1 gd.. .qv :A ef. a ij-.g3,'.f w- f.. .-L, gi - f'..1g,,...-. .M .w fs.. 1fy...... ., 1-'I'
"li?i"...f'-.'ff-WP., fi' 'M -'H+ Piyiwls' . ,:'-'EW' ts'-SA .,.gvf-slfew? V-v-M' 'v'-W: -'-"Wilt '-'.W'f1.x1-1.4, d.'M.X3 'Fw 5.f..,-w' "ff-f'H':f1 -1-'l,'3?2
65.lQf'g4?gIfft?5m?f,3i,'?fffmfifn ?1p5?lxiQ.3Y,pQ,w515-Ergglk. a .QA vl,-,.n i43.N14gq.g A 4 .4 .hQL,I,':! JW., . gi:,wi4a55yf?,55iyQi9ygl.':fj.g.Z 3:2iQ5,p.Eisf.'i
F . 47- VA.. 4-W" iff? WU- Wldgf ' 'Lg' 'Y "K" fl H295 UN7 .1 Q. vi. X .1 - 'L i'!,,"1'7-Q '."' Q" N' 5'V'.Fv" 15"-.WNW Sf Erifwf 7' '
'f.Q?1'hi'I'qf6sS.-,.. IQ e.I7.g"w?w':.lZN...Qg?,Mli .-,- fffpz56l.lfjE' , flu, ,5a,,5x'1:v4ngR,,HyY,-553 ...+?x1-vmisififv rc?1i:.y,i'w!fmfe ina 4l+,.m14p gals? to tygfrlf "fi2,f:1i,1,..4,3'kf'.f'kP!J.kl7'h?gLnlK ,wg
5.5, .Sv '.2,-'-rw.: 1 l1'112,...,l-Q... .'w5if.'.'f,5'.?i4.1l'fj .5-.,.+..,Q.',ff.-..U.. .1-a1f.'-xL.L3f:3flQ . " Lf-'g u"3,,i.'f31xi'P qlii. .,i'g.l'W.1. 5,f,'5f".Sj'.,"?.. .Qfx...
vf' '1'E1'.:W5'L.7' h-vK""Tm'L .p35M'5l'+"9fA1' 915311'f5'.'Y1.'Lf'.'I1.Tf'."F'f!l1 'ex 'iff-'MW-.i.""'.'kwl.p.'Jr ' Was. hxXZy','l'f27l,1:'I+ HLA,-" . -Wfy. 1 ,,' fy,-,1 ..,f.AXi,,J'?',f1tffl -1 fm wig'
1 5 r'!L'Wixbf'1PF.,qlj'QvJi4'6nI? fypggl V5 N:uml:flvplgfv5yA!f'U,' ,-q?'.Q' 1,g?'p:'1Zc.'.I Ri l.:V'!1f, fr .p1ygffifx3',3f,UJl 41672 ti. F-I" 0j'.T:'.H.?f,'tfipl4f,V r qii'AQi9a.Lm-ary QV-Al,.'5,3r,
,352 s kt ri! 313' gg4J"1yxQ1k:'Vf N QIYJ qfyagiyikwsfwixf Qgtfgsfkgblxhx ggi? N 1 M 5 A .915 1? , 1 Pvrxig'yf"'qjc
' if '.gnm.1,..4.i.1-.VUQ., ,gm ,gr 'Qk,k4v.:3.,:N.51.-.'Q.'3.:,.gj, A' 51555, .g QA , ..l.k'Z' L1-E41--I .L 331. 'Q glgf H .-' . 4 -,if3..44g51,.g5.v3., M' .,l"-vga---.lvl-N 4.5.-It ,g7Jf'LW. ft" QW-as
-1 1 -'.:f.a-,mf-1-,:.' ff1L',.l1T, 1 3 ---M.. ' f gf 1.3. 1, ,Til .:..f,'.VT ,, N
.H15g:ge9g.ffuf53x?J.Z5'E52fiQ3Q.a?r5?2Qiiff?l!2 Wy"?fQf9IfggSf:.6g?1vf3.3E .,Rf,,iW 2533,3sfv.Q55ig2gfg-fygiiiigii
4 '-,. .fn .'f.'vwHxq.1. 'W..f.'1.W-F.L-. -Mn.:-"i mil Qs Aw 1 . ",1."if"fw-64,3 Q.
R5 n5'.L2f.-"4Jf,.2I?.ff lf' I ,WQJ 'y'f'ji5Q!!'-'. 'Ay -.,' 1-'25 ', '-',.A1kl!nZ5Q1,Q '+'4j'i'?'-'ff'xx,2b'sf33v"-Mg''fGQ1i1'fll?x5-'ifl-'. ' fun! ,g,H..
W 1E'5jlgi?-Wilslii3'2"'4'2."U Wil'-1.f.f1.ff5."'-Z S'ff5E'1'?3z-...'frNhfP'35f2,a'.ffff-'W'ff.S' '1V'5 ."'iK?3'.'5E"x "3W'fIW'- 1'5VffTjJ5iv. 35iQj51,f"-251,54
' .' . 'x gn Air-. . .Jn -1 -15 ,.'xa-' L-, . ML -' .SM l,,J.31'?1SBa'f3-lg .UTM 'MQ-pb -gify' Rn- 5:51, 'J-.w,'. 'gg'f"' Y.. q,AuJ'."'X.,-"- ", .E " Mfg' -difd' qLr,4,,,'," Q.-fi"-1iV,i,..'rfg,r,44H: ...yi 'u7j'..Xfg.y.
. .W-m...Amffktw..-.+a..1fi....2f..s.,.afw.... f... fi - ...-fP1fwe ..+. . ...Wu 1 11 ff-f f . W ...ff
. . . -. -- f .Y .: f, . - .-T9'.Qk1.f1-4,:-W.'x,W.,,. 4, E. v..mna..,..ff. ., '.., .pM',...-11.9.5.
sh. '43.1Iff.n..-1 sf YXQ-5v?.kf2.1.Xf.. W AJ: 535ii.ZT.4F5f.?51lF1.?HM?. fQ.55:31QFq!-. 13-3,.'?2QJ 93549 Q " rv ..-4 Lfflwgyqz, j,1.Kr:'.'.11.,f-".. .G Qflgfgg, I-,!x2.v'q-V- QQ, ,Qsig,g..9gE.5j.-'.ffh,ge
wi' LHR?tflwdgiiiflf-WJ-:j1"":?gjxZ5'5-1495"ESFQQF. .149ff3?.fR'A'WQ"' 53f' 4fv..?'E:",Q57'fQ'wif"-"j3555'i3fmQ1 'Aff W MM" ff1,f'Wf'iL'fQW- 'MW3"fvl5'k-Q? W. '5 'Fa WSWS?
wsff 3a'e,F.r'13ff. W-ff''ff..'f .waW .."..u.:.'Hi.......LW-'.vf.94... wff. H k. . -f'v- f-W ww " W Mrxwffl
'gl 3.31, 35,415 e,,,....,. "Wi Ny. M... '.MEg.... w3.,ffI51 m.31,f1:,.?'5w3f1' .4i1.g.rp'3'-.lf.lfaf.M.f'w.'f.'.v.-.gf Wi- -,..xg," w...fws,:Sl':aLfee?fp.,4!.gEf -11.11, " f. . :.13.Q ,"..,.i'x.Waz
1225: wir' . '.1.i'if ,Yi'Y'-Qin! 'A-.k?w,i41- 41.3-.. '1..+r.w 3.3-,iw wg, .'.,1gfw- ag.-5.f...'1fg.,.W -+A! L- "-.ff -v...Qgb5. ..-'..NvM.WPfP ..w.1wf'f-W 1. I' ... 'fm Mi.
, ,,,?..r.,.7I4.eds"x'ff33g'e5.'.,3, ij :3,5fjj.y.gv JABYGNA gy, .,af5f1-vv.hif,'v1fA:.g .-.!..m,...-yiqfgfn gfb .'!gufQ,.'Qf.ua..qg. M?" gh- '.,ff?1i4rg.l,QmN62Qf.'QQLJMQ' V 3.'6'?.v9?j.fk'1Q
fir-fr' Lagf'-.M5g...W.-'fb-0.4,1?1991.3gEM..'H?f'31w:i-+f"4LwM..'-'-if"'1fzv'w 'W 2.3.1.-MwvfIvi".:f.11i-!rST.: ,xf?w1M4i34"'q' .59"'Wi. ."WifWli3215 ffW.f33.
1. ' v""1i'fZ.H- 1,-.g,l"41' "iw -iw Ja. WIYQ1'-i1v54i5"" f'+-f41'5:33f"v'i7' MNH I+' ,f""! cfw' 'A-N r'T-fYlJ!7r'lrf1d4'la.f.'M5' 'ihlfkivy .-Q'Q4A"f.a??1'."'W W' .c.J1x'QgdQY'7 'fiifg
wx .m.m5-izfawf-??fx.' 11+ - cfffgmigvmxf r7r841:mM1.A-74?-W:?2:4:i' M. wif. .31-, .zHE4:Q2gf??M3Q'gg9!,v Q..Y,..Ps-.fi' '.Qi3g.f4X.f..afg..,4- ef Yzrf.'fa.E.sw..s: 1.3.51
. ESL! S S1
w 'a ' , a nr I.. . ' w,,,x ml 'l ' 'NV' lv,
'--muff. 'K T ,' 'xpvpli' H I l -'F' "' ,. . H,-'L 4 3' -'V ' jf.. 'QM' ' 'ff 1" A ' ' ' ' .. .. ', 2 4 .I ',- "xiii ,Inf gf gi 5 1" 1" . 3 1 'H 'W wi E. '. 1 .Rafi 2.0 r
'f ',7.v. W2 W kph we Vg 11, 1 mgqy m ' as :V ,, J ' .-"U7.4g, .v.fQ--- . ,Vp .r- ., 4- -. . l.,- ' '-X. f v . ,. -u,-Q ,YWQ ,IVA ,iv f .Hn fgbmf r 55:4-
1 M Mini, ,v :M asliih y M xm H :gil 4 ,. v 1 11 :Af ,eu H M , . 1 A' :X , J ...tr , 'ifyjmh . ,7r l . - :X i 9. 21 .' 1. s Y' .: -.
+L-.-WH Mb 14 '.2f42f:za 'CML-4i .gw .ff . f.21fff1 .ff2! .Jme.f ...4.g':wui FW W ag-f. . ffl f
' g'f'P?i'1fW SW.. W' xw?L'??'5. Y2"513Z19.T?U'f??z'i'l1'?fff'f'-2:2 V Silk .5 fif3flMsL?'91'ff5'fb'?i."4'i2.'
1 M J 5 1. w , 4 . t gl 7 In ., N v
'kim 1, Kiel Q "fi-iii 1 E: 2,7 ff! Q ,GA Hf 4, viii E jig 1' if fa Hn
' .J " .',V'vs.,. Tv ll Q,-if .,-'if "- .,' .,. . "H ,'. H, Q " Q, fl'. .'. ' ' yi '4 ' -'J' 'v M,-.Q . ' '- ..'i.ig.' :pix TW M, ,' if .nga af Q7 ..,'-T fix i -
,.,. yg. -J 91:4 . .J51 Nfl? ,ug - .:, X. 051, ,Wm .1 .5 ., 4. tug , lx ., 1. 4,97 5 . V Jr. wg.. 1 wp.. Wy. ,in A! .255-U rp, Vega. QHQLL. va
'JI ' JM' .W 1" WW 5? . .Milf f PM .5 'f".9' H. H "H ' " '.-MX? ' J 1 "'.1'?L -rm. y ' W' Vmaiv -1 '
, 'PY4 V ...C with Wi2.iY?41LbFr4+'W'-' iggshii' Jigijxhh-1.8.1 V J gLfQ6yi3T.TH1 TALE. 'I'
5 1 -6 f 1. Og I
A ffu3L1i,u.w-f 1- ?P.gEQ."'g:g.,f1l QQ! 9 I if .U Tw. nt, 17. ibikgml 'ilk' 1F,.Y:1.Am5yy'r9i9,5.,fY'3Q'g5A'g'ffuiy.f P
iw H Lf Y .1 Q ,I ll 4 jf 'QI j 1 4 r ..-
, L55 J 1 KH. lj 1 V I y 'fy I wif Jfdlhvx fp ff 'UU " 'H jf' I 5 0 M
, .. ff-2. fm? .1 iff A ifuyx 'Wy L' 'E wr. .f,.?."'.??...f -fm .vPi?'1.ff f. r' A W Jw. .
1 ',x?n1hi,5gM.'Q mf N .wigxg Huff, .jg .ir .M Mm N J. 1 M 9 ,J , . Q. .pk Www gg v :WW
Q hi Q15 1 1 4 Hr Y! WS' U3 1: r 5-"Ji MJ' 15 yn? I 'rg q, 1 I rj fig .gr '11,.:,xl LY
ys.c.1'5 yn ' M59 We GL' no N5 , f' 1 M y ia 'SM all ' n Kg u ., . U
' ' .4-W' '. VL W1 w 5 153 -fr'ff35"' 5 .A f H sf' V 1 H Q 10,911 .2 Q. 4.5!
M' bi REM' xv! A? g 1,53 I3 Jrg 77-' .I Clif. A J 4.3, I m 1 W! f- 1 'Ai' 1 14 1 f W 'v 1 'WJ
f R Q. .js -"una jflh ,. 1 , QM. ligiaj-,ff 4.
rjfyyk iglivfr 'Q s, int! g fin 9 l xg! !fJi,yX'01:lS:nw'bf:' Qty'-Q lgbislvgibbfqyfhfxlgggis 11
x '4 J' 'H V j 4 S V K H4 1 A' 4 ,f i we
L 53 5 wafgi wif ,"lgLj, F A N P? WEM1 ,PA flfg ffllmfafd ff'iL'55Iaf:g,,!:L rpg! P fc gif lrybqkm K R
gy 9, 'rw' Arskdffgv wikis, fm 'W flag is if Mag:?a2A5.1Ql1'Q'?:?fFy'i?1!6,"L'ik4x if idk 3 M Pi
. .. . W H .R f 1 .2 . .4 , 1wiff.'M"31.iMii4zH9 f ,,
" If N K. . ' , '- I-ml 7 -I.. . 'V " D" 'W . ' " 'El ' .' 4' 'L .UH - I, x ' . ' ,, , 1 ,' --1 'uf .1 ..' -'
4 :5i,.Q"'nf1,jN if.. .,"-,,:.fj.5-1x,. -55.5, j. ---fi, g'- ,5 .Vg-jygiu "3" 1, ,gy ' V- 'Q H. 1 gk y , .Q 4 9. . 1 .fm I '-'..'-V.,-Q.. -. L 5. .,.f' X ,IRQ 9.3 f f
Si- bg? W. -'iw .25 7.1. .?3'1w7A if' WP ffl' ' Y5T.3gjf' g ffvriw' fiifil' M P4 'fiwggf MQ, -if .fg .-5,'535'Wxff3
Q fm 7, .1?!,M.p.5J,.,,.yg2Q,,i rmwqrq fA,5,igg?5y Agigf3M.Q,1i, QHHI A H EM gf',. .g.x6?,A.V 3,1 . K Q- , qw 1.2145 .15 . ,,.
'- ?- '-'f:5.:?hf1:ef,: wakmy: QT5f+wv.': +Y WFS' .Wa .f vaiif V11 'L I.ff 1..:.'13s..v. :1fg.1..X'.'+:'ff1ff"f
u 0" Jin '5e""hm: 5 Mui 4 "1.4N'-.si'i7!a g 4 'rf "!',fPg'l5"' 'NA m'f'N-Ktfib I '5' H "1 "2 " " 'B ' hiya I' 'n V 'lf-1 97", 'V' 11" '. ' SN' 132151 ' ,1'Hf'sF
' Y' Tiqfw ,1kf'slz"a5 .l..,3',,'fZ3'-ii'- -,,, .-q:. :I-4.41g5i.'-g',,S-wah-g.'f,.,,Q1,pr-gp. fi?-,I H' ' Fg'N"i. '-:Ki Q", .,., QM." E"q QI-,'5'Wl"'l'15T.DQf1lY5Q',.l-'iff ,'L..'.J'1Q 1' Ar",
tl. 1' - iiw. if f ' 1!a1".'f34ifQ5f 'Hi .55 MSW...lwfieia1...., .:f'5si.-gy1Ip.:.i f29.-.Wiz .'f.f?Z3'WW:?1i' m3iQ?'.gfF,W'f"ke
R." ' Q +R". 8-'9 --lar !5JY..'vEf5A7':"H w 39" ,E .fe 7-4 W' t Mif- 1"4:"f 'f"'.1ff "mf F r15F?T"' ' We 5'5'.""" 339,"f" Ai. F? ' 'W-44
.nh , ...wi , - . ...r .2 z. ' 4-H...-.,gw. , f..,,.'mf vf.J,..-M. mm S4.,..v1i."f,f.i -M. ...,..,,.b.- .f,,-.. time - M r.
Wi - . I. -5 gy- 5? 1--.-Qin gr, hugh .'5A?w F v, ..,,...fEJ':L,,k:1Qffgd-sm ..rIjMMxQq,Jaylilaygr Wfj,,,.E.q, ?...1..gg.,N ,QT :Wg -L.vQEQ1gtk:,.yqj3,.y.Q'-Agig!! 1'gJ,,.?j3p..
me 3-4 1- . .f...el'1' fEf'.4v?.'w fi gf., ..: .L.ffs...,...:a-rf ws.-?fw.--xv. 135. WI-Qlliffvci' W-J1w.". '-.vu-Ji 'hi iii'
'Hn , ugly? "' ..." -135' ww. . ,V-.",5f wif!" f' J."-ed' .'?a'VV-S fi.. E"'f:L'Wt Yf' "'.'.-.ff WZLf .35k'f.N "'11.""?H2l! ig.5I6"' N W.-' 9. '
.JSM q Q-'f gmt 11 Eh. I.-My 0. ,usi xy-ffi, 3,2f'l1Q,E? .2 1 .x,Q4z.g,PZjf4:1J.,.- .5 1: , .-:JJ Q9 Q' 5,..,1qF 4.1 fa ,M fm. .A55u1.4,,. QAM'-F,-4 Mfaxlfbqyc.-31' J . MQW vi, gg H51-1.,
,-I., .4 b N I I ,. A ,- M.: lr' ' ---, 2 XL. 1'1"-.Q "g ,. , .fA3ffQ1,f.,"?-' U.a,'m9.' Qlfm., .1415-?.,5T-1ff.4...f 1,,E,fE 5, ,H ,- J ,,- . -pqgfigtabjlg
ff -F 2 ma -1.2. , new M... f...-'.....4w...f..f' vw , .7 .HY,..sM. ,mg A.. . 3. 1. . .
"ff '2!g ' l- 'gy'.,,5'? Afm:?i9"1.,4gi3'-453 " f"1lIfi-hxW'4KW'f5g:?i?QE,..a i.'53"Fg.-.wif ffEf?7'5'.15E1f'l?'fi22"'f'.'kfgf' 45 M
,Aga ,A X ,M ., 3.5. .W 533-3b4,w3.1. 1' . 115.3 Q,,ga,g 'Q ,,...i,5zA .x3,,,?, ., 4.1 Wi F .,.r.,gt,.,..q. ?..,'Q4Zixv ,.,!,. f.,n..,...g'i4.-1 zgi5,.' 5? MQ,
21563 fqigiggvxg im r N 233' lff.:isg1.c6:.!... ?,f4'g'.s5 +,1i,,i.-as ,. l5i.5ifA:.W
'iff-,U Lt '53 .Q ' 'L 'M' 'Q ff -.-'W 'V' ' 3. ."1 EX "f-YH.-''.b.'..7fLf"- ,.":'S f.P'1..."l W",--"2 . "."'f'.f....1?- 1' -A "3 "'1-E 'Gif' ' HW T?" ..' J '- '
L. W" 5' ,c . . nt' g'fy9.'5' '74 PK f 'isa "J-M ,f'1'.X""'w.:f 'XS ggawl- -f. Ami-' Mvfl.-4 ma' J u'r.,, AW 'jk
.Hue .I J lv Qvfvyz Ml , in .45 pf, A,-Q wk.. -gn-,L igmf fi Jfhfrg- R4:!F,5iil,jI7nTA1'G4M. A 1:2 ,I .43 at - v .m7gff5El l
'f.,-551592.11 i s 4 " . -fi "kg, QU, A , Ex: P3 gg", Q' Q iff 1 ,:pQ!?t ::'LQfdYlM VvJ?Sf.o.. 512. .Z'?.V"f. Z' "fin X Qi, jf 'fm
:Z'9:.?xE.YlgM61,: Hs., - H .. . - .5 ,F ,se '.i' i My ..mgQ.?a.a.sfQ...5?a5A,t..3322. M3123 AEli1',,.fxWsf'sx 3515 W.y?'Y1.33Qw -.V ' 2.
:'?'1'9f?fV - 5' - Q?"-W"W"w.W f.'W3 247535 47' 'T?4,W'.V'M -'WV' Wg' MW' W-'.21w' 'KRS wiv flu. fa-.F-5? l-2. f.. .NV 1:9 ...
. . ...af , .. .. ,..z. .Mg ,cf , Q s. ,wx 151594 MH, vw- liek. ax , .... M, . , . ,511
2- WJ-1v.W1 '2.+.1-.M N- J 'M .wi 'ii -e." F Qifla .WfnQli?N19.f'121.!"?1d..ufP -U'-W?'.1-fir 'YL f?1"i'f'. MH
ff 'A" 5.,".',Q' "11Vfxg.4 - .21 L , '. Q M' -'i -ui.-N' jugs! 5"'1:-33"'fW.f. 1,434 'MMI iff: "Jil F' F' 'UI fn Q-'gf A- ffl' M 'ag .K ff.
'X' 5,0 U5 if 41, vw F RE, R? I M53 PN .RY nga J pf' xx'
v F W... .fif...,!..M.z,E :....L?'2...3:....ff....n1.i N ..2fi?v1.........3..?.Q.s..i'..a..:f,fsw.ff. ms. ..i2.Zff1fM.s.iG. .
1, .-,gi ,'-:,
,g ,V A r 1 . .
,N, ,!.v. M,
Nl1SW,, gl 1
s--' -, ,fn xx
7 'A Ffzgl- ,,'P,,Q
. ,43 I
Ylviw., fp 217.1
Vmgmi .- :AV .V-V.1 '
V '..4V9V:',4f4-.V' .A
.. '-, 1 1
1- Nw 'z-.. '
' 'SLN -,Q if nf
VJ' 5 wp'
4 g::V'l,l5jV,'VQg1! WVV
'54 ..UV.VNl,,:'l' if
-9 as N4 .4 In
f'V,V's- mhgwglg. '-
. i- ' '4'.:,.
.5 , x,
f ""f. " W. '
. - v,-'-- .
V 33,1 .V+ -.
' 4. '-,: IV-3
V Qf.f"-- -A
1 14, g
w'- "1 J."-ff Q"
11 . 4? "vpn,
.' .' J, Vx
VVIVVVV :VM V4
.QV .V .
QYV . '.4V1. . xi
G 4' ' 5
gf . 4 '
HX? ,h-!'V.:j I
'V St 'N K-' I P
V .V .V .V '4
-. . ,
I , 'I
'- 44 ,x
. N '
.r . y
J". '?- ,, 1
V ' IV ' . ,V
Y V , VV. . V
. UV' . 7 A I
V 4-P Va . - ' 'W 4
' " V ' "1 mx Ju 4
If , 'rg v 'K f J"'V
H V H V1 Vw,Vg ' V V , 'V 4 r'. Q.. V-5j,'V 4. V -'N
x 'K , 'x:.. ' f ' . .- . .-
. n . " '- ' ,V . 1' " 4 0 Vs V V.
x a ' V. It N I ' I "4 'N -'I A " Y' .1 Nm uhm!!
I !,', " " 'Y '.- .f' 1 ...W -.-5,-' -' V' 5' 72' , -H by K x
.IA V V V-I V.. VV .Vw VV' . VV -V l I ,IVV ' ,-V V V . V VVV 6 VV V .mv .
V,.4,V VV V VV. V. ,.V . -.
, .V V-NIV., .Vi K, 4- V-.V - V4 ,V V, -..,'4 r
' .- , , , ' 4' . fr, 'ww-. -ww--. V V
V V4V!KV.,V ,VV VVLV V..xQVVV.QVV 'Jin A VJV xV!V ,, V xvnt . J
V- V4 .V xX ,V Mg ...V-. ,.V ,J . 4- ,,,- 4.-r
4 - 4 ' 4. A. .4 1- -. w w- ...',.-'
-, . . 5 v ': 'M "' ' ', .Vhim "vw " '
4 1 , 4 .V . V M. 1, --,V ' -gg '
. ' ' 4' 4 ' f ?"" --1'--wr -l.P7'wts,- A' '
. . . 4' 4
, X 1 Sv - V V V .4 VV Vwg,i,,.VV-ag.. Vi ,V ,A V4 VV MQ,
- . - .V x1-,V"'M V?-V'.
. V . 1. x iv- 4 4 , ..,
' -,g . ' , . V' g"' ' '-.,,v,'n 'fy ..3'..N' '.
' X X, - V VH VV, fi -,VV Lffip, K V 3 5 fi-'.K'l1ixVV"?"LlV.NV
.V V V, V, V.. VV VG... V.
Vx ' V, V-V., 'VVV gf .:, ..v. lmufqat-VyV.V?..J,'4l-. -QV ,'4:-ij 'oi
.V 1 --.LV , 'wx 1 - M.
w ' 4, . '.'lV- -AVVK, ll'-nfs! '4sV.'fY.y' '.- 'gym
. . V.4t 5 if 'lf' YVVVJQK' Va' .
4V rl N,
' V V ,1
v. ' . 4 '. ' "
' V I ,M V .9 A -7. 'h Vff".
V y 'f , ' ,I l V ,M 4 .
. . V
U. - : '
V. - . I ,V - '.
' . W ' . 'l 'IW'
V 1 . .V V V .Q 1 X"
'V - ' ' .'- ,.v
V,. . .
. ,- gr
.., 5. . ,. V
NAA 4 A
' ' 'V V' 4 V V V..VV ps""'V w-DH'
4' V A . " ' IN 4,-'j'.,.4fV',.k":Z+ r.: 44:
fy' Mx r' . ' '.' ',4.'1'J! ,
', 4 .V -4 . '- .' 1 "' - '
V ,- Vg. .V ITAV V 'V V : J
VF v, n V V- . 4.4-' .'p',, "1
4- 4 I ' I - 1 4
. V. V -V. . Va ' -M6 ,V V V .1 'V , .,, aff,
v V 2-4 , ,v V V ,. 'V V . L:V,
4 1 4' ' A' VHF' gV
4, , wk ' - : ffl nv,
' , 1' :'V .rg
Z HQ +V ,- 'V. "YV 45V
Q wi' .,I-s V 'VVV ,V V .
4 4 . ,- 1 . I V' ,U f
- -" ' "' eg' fs" ' ' J' .4"
' ,, .1 : ,. Vg. ., .4 '
.41 ,V V. - -I ' ' . V -
:E ' V .VII . 1 -SJ V1-K" Q "nf Jw'
' ' 4 ' "'.' ...ff .
' 4'1" - ,. '.-'f-'- f' f It .ff Af
' ' -' 'rw--'Q 2-',, -VV:
I I V4 D r .,- . V.,.a
4 .v V X 4' H V. . 4'. f V , .!
' ' 4 f' - '1 . Yf' '
' ' ,L,.' I 'n Vff ' pl -Xb 4 42.1
. .. - V. , ,
V- 1. . Vw .V V VV I ,I V,f,e'V.4VV fV,
.. , . V ,- V .. I , V ,V
,V -.-V1 5 V - V ,I ' .mV v gint
. r . , 1
. . ..f 1 I I
VV C- 4 V , 4 .f' ','V. .' "H
V. . " , 6 V. A 1 ,H ff V
VV"ngl flfff lillrg
. V . V-A .fy
V- V xc I' v H
. Q- 'inf Hi F
Suggestions in the New England College of Optometry - Scope Yearbook (Boston, MA) collection:
Are you trying to find old school friends, old classmates, fellow servicemen or shipmates? Do you want to see past girlfriends or boyfriends? Relive homecoming, prom, graduation, and other moments on campus captured in yearbook pictures. Revisit your fraternity or sorority and see familiar places. See members of old school clubs and relive old times. Start your search today!
Looking for old family members and relatives? Do you want to find pictures of parents or grandparents when they were in school? Want to find out what hairstyle was popular in the 1920s? E-Yearbook.com has a wealth of genealogy information spanning over a century for many schools with full text search. Use our online Genealogy Resource to uncover history quickly!
Are you planning a reunion and need assistance? E-Yearbook.com can help you with scanning and providing access to yearbook images for promotional materials and activities. We can provide you with an electronic version of your yearbook that can assist you with reunion planning. E-Yearbook.com will also publish the yearbook images online for people to share and enjoy.
Material on this website is protected by copyright laws of the United States and international treaties.
No protected images or material on this website may be copied or printed without express authorization.