Naval Training Center - Rudder Yearbook (Orlando, FL)
- Class of 1975
Page 1 of 104
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 104 of the 1975 volume:
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A rudder as defined by the Blualackef's Manual is "a
structure at the stern of a vessel, used to control a vessel's
heading." Just as the rudder controls a ship's heading, so the
Recruit Training Command, Orlando, determines the direc-
tion in which the young men will go, who receive their basic in-
doctrination into Navy life at Orlando, Florida.
The responsibility for transforming civilians into sailors is
not taken lightly by the officers and men of the Recruit Train-
ing Command Staffg likewise the responsibility for putting
forth the necessary effort to become effective members of the
worId's greatest Navy should be a prime concern of each
recruit. The mutual goal of instructor and trainee should be
that recruit training serve to set the proper course and main-
tain a steady heading. Thus this book, describing the process
of recruit training, is titled The Rudder.
Within these pages lie graphic reminders of many ac-
tivities-some pleasant, some not so pleasant, some exciting,
some routine some humorous, and some gravely serious. In
future years, The Rudder should evoke many memories of one
of the most formative and meaningful periods in a man's life,
whether he is a career Navy man or a civilian reminiscing over
his "hitch" in the naval service.
The weeks and months served in Recruit Training Com-
mand are not easy but of necessity are rigorous and de-
manding. The training is diligently planned and administered
in order to develop in every trainee the strength of character,
loyalty and patriotism necessary to prepare him to defend his
country, its ideals and people, against any aggressor.
Captain Grover K. Gregory, Jr.
USN Commander, Naval Training Center
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Captain Thomas H. Nugent Jr
Recruit Training Command
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Commander Barbara Bole
Recruit Training Command
HISTORY OF THE
Commissioned on July 1, 1968, the Naval Training Center, Orlan-
do, Florida was established to enhance the manpower training
capabilities of the United States Navy. Occupying the site of the former
Orlando Air Force Base, the Navy's third training center rapidly
became a show place among training commands in the armed forces.
The Commander, Naval Training Center, is tasked with "providing
basic indoctrination for officer and enlisted personnel, and primary, ad-
vanced and specialized training for officer and enlisted personnel in
the Regular Navy and Navy Reserve."
A decision was made in the nation's capital to develop a third
Naval Training Center, and, on December 6, 1966, the Honorable
Robert H. B. Bladwin, then Under Secretary of the Navy, announced
that the city of Orlando had been chosen as the site of the Navy's
newest and most modern training facility.
Orlando was selected because of its year-round climate,
availability of transportation, sufficient family housing, and availability
of the Orlando Air Force Base under the Department of Defense Base
The Recruit Training Command features modern and functional
buildings and presents a campus-like atmosphere. Commissioned with
the Naval Training Center, the Recruit Training Command provides a
smooth transition from civilian life for enlistees into the naval service.
Additionally, the .Naval Training Center is host command for the
Naval Training Equipment Center, which is responsible for the
research, development, production, maintenance and modification of
air, sea, subsurface, land and space trainers applicable to all types of
Another tenant command ofthe Naval Training Center is the Naval
Hospital, Orlando, currently a 220-bed facility. The hospitaI's combined
medical and dental staff of over 500 supports the Naval Training Center
and other military installations in the Central Florida region, as well as
dependents and retirees.
A modern "high rise" replacement hospital is planned for the
future, and this facility will provide the most modern and complete
medical and dental care to the ever-increasing active duty and retired
military population of the Central Florida region.
On November 1, 1969, the Service School Command was es-
tablished. It initially comprised two schools, the Naval Advanced
Undersea Weapons School lAUWSj and the Personnelman Class "A"
School lPN f'A"l. The AUWS is housed in a modern brick structure,
located on 6,100 square feet of real estate and encompasses 109,000
square feet of classrooms, laboratories and an auditorium. The PN "A"
School is housed in the old Air Force Photo Squadron Building on the
southwest shore of Lake Baldwin.
Since the establishment of Service School Command, Yeoman
Class "A", Quartermaster Class "A" and the Signalman Class "A"
Schools have been added to the command.
Another tenant activity is the Navy Finance Office, Orlando, which
prior to the commissioning of the Naval Training Center, was a branch
of the main office at Jacksonville, Florida. The Orlando Finance Office
is responsible for disbursing support to 17 military activities in the Cen-
tral Florida region and renders civilian disbursing services to six
Additionally, the Center hosts the Navy Printing and Publications
Service Branch Office, the Defense Contract Administration Service
District and the Resident Officer-in-Charge of Construction.
The facilities at the Recruit Training Command are second to none
in comparison with other training camps in the armed forces. There are
ten recruit barracks, containing four berthing wings of three levels
each, giving each building a capacity of 12 recruit companies. The
berthing wings are laid out around a central restroom and shower area.
The Field House complex contains the gymnasium, recreation room,
reception room and the swimming pool. The recruit Mess Hall is out-
fitted with the latest and most modern equipment providing the
capability of feeding 9,200 in 90 minutes. The heart of the Recruit Train-
ing area is the three-story Training Building, containing 57 classrooms
and a recruit library. Adioining the Training Building is the Television
Annex which contains a closed circuit television studio, offices, elec-
tronics shop, and a classroom for the training staff. The television
system includes two 25 inch monitors in each of the classrooms.
The training ship "Mock-up", the BLUEJACKET ONE, is another
facility that doubles as an excellent training aid. It is two-thirds the size
of a destroyer escort and is outfitted with actual shipboard equipment
to provide realistic training in seamanship and shipwork routine.
In a central location, across from the Training Building, is the
Community Center which houses such conveniences as the barber
shop, beauty shop, post office, telephone exchange, Navy Exchange
and a banking facility for the recruits. Also in that area is the Recruit
Chapel, the first chapel in the Navy designed to be used exclusively by
recruits, the Recruit Training Command Administration Building, the
Receiving and Outfitting Barracks and the Recruit Dispensary and Den-
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THE UNITED STATES NAVY TODAY
The United States Navy is an instrument of sea power. Its basic
mission is national security.
By simplest definition, sea power is the sum of a nation's
capabilities to implement its interests in the ocean, the Navy's
operating environment. The Navy, therefore, is necessarily concerned
with all of the nation's interests in that environment, with primary
emphasis upon national defense.
In the early 1950's, Navy interest led to the adaptation of nuclear
energy to a traditional instrument of sea power, the submarine. Today
the nuclear powered submarine permits us to carry naval power to the
farthest reaches of the oceans. And when missiles were being con-
sidered for the delivery of nuclear warheads, the nuclear submarine
was logically adapted to missile technology. The result was the Polaris
weapon system-mobile, the most nearly invulnerable, and certainly
the forward-most component of our nuclear deterrent forces.
Today all potential targets in the world are within reach of Polaris
missiles launched from fleet ballistic missile submarines. In the early
1970's, the Poseidon, a new generation of submarine-launched ballistic
missiles will join the fleet.
But other nations possess large and modern submarines, many of
them capable of launching missiles of various types. This calls for anti-
submarine warfare fASWl. ln the United States Navy, ASW is of the
highest priority, second only to the Polaris program.
Modern developments in anti-submarine warfare have led for the
first time to the adoption of a strategic offensive concept, that is, the
detecting and confronting of enemy or potential enemy submarines
where they are, rather than waiting for them to come to us.
Surveillance forces are supported by new mobile weapons
systems, including fixed wing aircraft and helicopters from carriers,
long range land-based patrol aircraft, nuclear attack submarines es-
pecially configured for anti-submarine warfare, a new generation of es-
cort ships, new sensors in the form of advanced sonars, and new ASW
weapon systems of all types. To maintain the advantage that we have
today requires continuing research and development.
Perhaps the most striking development in naval power in the early
part of this century was the aircraft carrier. As the nucleus of mobile
striking forces, the attack aircraft carrier is capable of launching strikes
against land areas anywhere around the seas of the world.
Concurrently with the development of the attack aircraft carrier,
the Navy developed other modern air weapon systems for use by the
NavylMarine Corps team. There is the McDonnell-Douglas F-4 Phan-
tom Il, a supersonic high performance fighter that is also capable of
support as an attack aircraft. Other examples are the Grumman A-6 In-
truder, the first attack aircraft capable of delivering large volumes of
fire power with precision under all weather conditions, and the A-7
Corsair II, a new attack and close support aircraft.
The Navy has also been a leader in the development of air-
launched weapons, such as the Bullpup and Shrike air-to-ground mis-
siles, and the Sparrow and the famous Sidewinder air-to-air missiles.
The newest in fleet operation is the Walleye, a bomb guided by televi-
sion which can hit targets with extreme accuracy and effectiveness.
Also in development is the Phoenix system, an air-to-air missile system
capable of destroying enemy aircraft at greater ranges than any ex-
isting air-to-air guided weapon.
Nuclear power has now been adapted to the surface fleet, and has
brought with it most ofthe advantages proved in its application to sub-
marines: greater speed of response, longer endurance on station:
sustained high speedy and more freedom from shore-based support.
Each major war generates new requirements for sea power. In
World War Il, the Navy and Marine Corps developed the amphibious
assault from a crude operation to a refined ready instrument for assault
from the sea.
In 1950, the amphibious assault at lnchon, the decisive battle in
the Korean War, again validated the fundamental case for sea power.
Today major fleets with Fleet Marine Forces embarked are
deployed in both the Atlantic and the Pacific. Anti-submarine warfare
forces and nuclear attack submarines also patrol important areas ofthe
These are the forces which have reacted to crises around the
world many times since World War ll. It was no accident that fleet
forces were ready and close tothe scene when crises occurred. lt is the
business of the fleet to use the freedom of the seas to be where it is
needed, when it is needed and with the force that is needed.
This then is the reason that all required instruments of sea power
could be assembled so rapidly at the outbreak of hostilities in Viet-
nam-the fleet was ready:
faj For continuous air operations over the entire theater:
fbj To provide naval gunfire for bombardment and for support of
Qcj To isolate the battlefield from enemy support by sea through
use of an ocean blockade,
jdj To carry the war to the enemy in a new way in the waterways of
the MeKong Delta:
fej To land and to maintain about 80,000 Marines in the critical I
Corps area on the northern edge of South Vietnam,
ffj And ready to transport millions of tons of cargo and equipment
and thousands of men across 7,000 miles of sealanes for the support of
all United States and Free World forces engaged in Vietnam.
These are inherent capabilities of sea power. In action, they
breathe life into such words as mobility, flexibility, and versatility.
In the years following World War ll, our Navy stood unchallenged
in its ability to use and to control the sea. The second largest power in
the world today, the Soviet Union, was essentially a land power then.
Her naval forces were oriented toward defense of her shores and sup-
port of her land forces. This was largely true, in fact, as recently as
Since then, however, the Soviet Union has made a massive invest-
ment in her navy and her merchant marine and has re-established her
fleet marine force. The result is that today the Soviet Union is a major
sea power in the full meaning of the term.
In addition to a fleet of about 350 modern submarines, the largest
single submarine force the world has ever known, Soviet
oceanographic and intelligence ships roam the seas of the world for
scientific knowledge that is so necessary for operation of global sea
The surface fleet of the Soviet Navy is also growing in power and in
its capability to conduct sustained operations far from home waters, as
evidenced by the regular appearance of major Soviet fleet units in the
Mediterranean. Her cruisers and destroyers have been equipped with
modern missile systems. Her fleet now has an amphibious capability,
which includes two carrier type ships for the operation of helicopters.
And the merchant marine of the USSR is now the sixth largest in the
world, and one of the most modern.
The existence of such a large and potentially hostile foreign naval
force must again be evaluated in our equation ot sea power, just as it
was during the years preceding World War Il.
The Navy is concerned not only with its basic mission of national
security, but also with all other national interests in the ocean. Certainly
one of the most important national interests in the ocean is its use for
maritime commerce which has been growing at unprecedented rates.
As maritime commerce knits the free world into a unified
economic complex, new types of demands will be placed upon marine
transport. Defense of sea lines of communication and protection of
ocean shipping are traditional tasks of naval power, and these tasks
will increase as the volume and importance of maritime commerce in-
A second area of national interest that is growing and changing
dramatically now lies in the way man looks at the ocean. He is in-
creasingly turning to the sea for new uses: food and fresh water, lor
minerals and energy, perhaps for a key to weather controlg perhaps,
even, for living space. Already about 16"!o of world petroleum comes
from beneath the seabed and all of the magnesium used by the United
States comes from the sea. And with all this, the total resources of the
ocean have scarcely been tapped.
Certainly man will continue and even accelerate his move to
utilize the ocean. But there are three important points to keep in mind
in considering this prospect: First, as man moves into the ocean, he is
not moving into some alien extraterrestrial space. He is extending and
expanding the area of his present world. Second, the knowledge and
technology gained by the Navy will contribute to and accelerate this ex-
pansion into the ocean. And third, national activities in the ocean will
constitute new national interests within the Navy's operating environ-
ment. lt appears certain that new Navy missions, new Navy tasks, and
new Navy capabilities will develop.
ln summary, the United States Navy today is engaged in im-
plementing our nation's interests through sea power. And sea power
means many things. lt means security for the ocean commerce that is
the very life blood of our free economy, and, security for our homeland
against attack on the sea or from the sea. For the United States sea
power also means the ability to control up to seventy percent of the
earth's surface when our national interests require.
Sea power-an instrument of national policy so vital to the
freedom of the United States and the free world. The very survival of
our nation may well depend upon itl
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From the days of wooden sailing ships with black-powder guns to
today's nuclear powered combatants armed with missiles and jet air-
craft, the heritage of our modern Navy has been established by
courageous and dedicated seafaring men. Their individual maritime
achievements are woven into a brilliant tapestry of collective ac-
complishments which have made the United States Navy the vital in-
strument ot national defense that it is today.
To John Paul Jones went the honor of first hoisting the Stars and
Stripes over an American man-of-war, the USS RANGER, and of first
receiving a national salute in Quiberon Bay on February 14, 1778, from
France. In command of BONHOMME RICHARD he defeated and cap-
tured the British man-of-war SERAPIS off Flamborough Head, giving
our Navy its famous retort to an invitation to surrender "I have not yet
begun to fight."
With such inspiration thousands of American sailors have followed
in his wake, making individual courage the collective spirit of our Navy.
Commodore Edward Preble likewise filled his officers and men with es-
prit and fighting courage. Some ot "PrebIe's boys" became the great
leaders ot the War of 1812, Stephen Decatur, James Lawrence, and
Thomas MacDonough. Perry swept the British sea power off Lake Erie.
Hull and Bainbridge in CONSTITUTION, along with Decatur in UNITED
STATES, established American naval power on the high seas during
the first year of the War of 1812.
As our nation grew in stature in the world family, so did our naval
officers grow in stature as diplomats. Typical of their exploits were
Commodore Matthew Calbraith Perry's negotiations with the Emperor
of Japan in 1853-54.
Bon Homme Richard vs Serapis-23 Sept 1779
The War between the States developed courageous fighting men
in both the Union and Confederate Navies. David Dixon Porter became
famous on the Mississippi River. Captain Raphael Semmes in the com-
merce raider CSS ALABAMA captured sixty-nine Union ships before
he was destroyed off Cherbourg, France, by Winslow in the USS
KEARSARGE. Perhaps the outstanding Civil War naval hero was David
Glasgow Farragut C'Damn the torpedoes, full speed aheadl"l, whose
fleets enforced the blockade of the Confederacy.
One generation ol fighting men breeds its successors. Dewey and
Sampson, our naval leaders in the Spanish-American War, were
forerunners of the naval leaders of our next war. Wilson, Simms, Hart,
Taussig, and many others next guided our Navy in the defeat of the
German U-boat menace and convoyed our armies safely to France in
the war with Germany during 1917 and 1918.
Between the World Wars the Navy devoted its meager resources
of manpower, ships, and funds to research and development in aviation
and submarine warfare. Stricken at Pearl Harbor and the Philippines in
1941 and practically blockaded by German submarines operating ott
our East Coast ports, the nation built, in three short years, the most
powerful naval force in the history ol the world.
The indomitable spirit of our carrier dive bomber and torpedo
plane pilots turned the tide ol the war in the Pacific in the Battle of
Midway, June 4, 1942. From that day on, naval power drove the
Japanese imperial forces into their home waters. Powerful amphibious
forces, protected by carrier air power and submarines, swept the
Japanese armies off the Pacific islands. Our fast carrier task forces
dealt destruction to the Japanese fleets. Possibly the greatest air battle
ln naval annals was the "Marianas Turkey Shoot" in June 1944, in which
carrier pilots ot Admiral Marc Mitcher's Task Force 58, along with anti-
aircraft fire, accounted tor most of the 346 Japanese planes destroyed.
Battle of Lake Champlain-11 Sept 1814
Battle of New Orleans-24 Sept 1862
17, lm, W, , T -ravi V,
The exploits of our "silent service", the men who fought under the sea
in our submarines, were nothing short of spectacular. Flanging
throughout the Pacific and into the very harbors of Japan itself our
lighting submarines sank 214 Japanese naval vessels l577,626 torsl
and 1178 merchant vessels 15,053,491 tonsj, a monument to the
greatest submarine force in history.
During this period the Atlantic Fleet was rapidly breaking the back
of the German Navy by sweeping from the sea the greatest submarine
menace ever to threaten this nation. Our convoys were supplying the
Allied armies in Europe and our ships were conducting landings in
Sicily, Italy, and finally Normandy. The greatest "two ocean" Navy in
the world had played a large part in bringing victory to America and her
allies. Under the illustrious leadership of such men as King, Nimitz,
Halsey, Mitcher, McCain, Spruance, Lockwood, and Fletcher, over
three million other officers and men served.
And this war, like all wars, led to the development of new devices,
techniques, and weapons conceived by American genius and perfected
by men of vision. While industry was being welded into a mighty supply
force, our Seabees, underwater demolition teams, amphibious sailors,
marines, and supporting army divisions were being welded into a team
that spelled victory at sea.
But the victory warranted little relaxation of the vigil, as world ten-
sion continued in what became known as the "cold war." Hostilities in
Korea demanded a return to war posture by the Navy, and a reaffirme-
tion of the American sailor's dedication. Crises such as at Lebanon,
Cuba, and the Dominican Republic proved anew the need for readiness
by the Fleet. And the war in Vietnam added new pages to the Navy's
book of courageous exploits.
The planning, the sacrifice, the devotion to duty of generations
past and present constitute the heritage on which we continue to build
"The Little Beavers"-Destroyer Squadron 23-November 1943
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and improve our Navy. We are bound to the past only by the good loun-
dation and traditions ol valor our torebears in the naval service have
handed down to us. We are linked to the future by our responsibility to
deliver to it the best we have received and the best we can produce.
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CEREMONIES AND AWARDS
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THE UNITED STATES NAVY
GUARDIAN OF OUR COUNTRY
The United States Navy is responsible for maintaining control of the
sea and is a ready force on water at home and overseas, capable of
strong action to preserve the peace or of instant offensive action to
win in war. I
It is upon the maintenance of this control that our country's glorious
future depends. The United States Navy exists to make it so.
WE SERVE WITH HONOR
Tradition, valor, and victory are the Navy's heritage from the past. To
these may be added dedication, discipline, and vigilance as the
watch-words of the present and future.
At home or on distant stations we serve with pride, confident in the
respect of our country, our shipmates, and our families.
Our responsibilities sober usg our adversities strengthen us.
Service to God and Country is our special privilege. We serve with
THE FUTURE OF THE NAVY
The Navy will always employ new weapons, new techniques, and
greater power to protect and defend the United States on the sea,
under the sea, and in the air.
Now and in the future, control of the sea gives the United States her
greatest advantage for the maintenance of peace and for victory in
Mobility, surprise, dispersal, and offensive power are the keynotes to
the new Navy. The roots of the Navy lie in a strong belief in the future,
in continued dedication to our tasks, and in reflection on our heritage
from the past. Never have our opportunities and our responsibilities
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LT CONIDR STROHAKER CWO GORDON KIRST
Regimental Commander Battalion Commander
BU1 WILLIAM E. DEAN
Michael W. NlcCIain Marc B. Roderick
Charles W. Weber Timothy J. F2199
RCPO I-Ionorman - Yeoman MAA gpg
Nicholas S. Celia
ist. Pit. Ldr.
1ST REGINIENT 4TI-I BATTALION
2 May 1975
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