National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC)

 - Class of 1937

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National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1937 Edition, Cover
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Text from Pages 1 - 224 of the 1937 volume:

fl $ The first structure in America dedicated to the teaching of the law, — located at Litchfield, Con- necticut. Created by Tapping Reeve and carried on by James Gould, — 1775 — 1833. Ex Libris The 1931 Docket presents the Judiciary, the Executive, and the Legislative as its theme. No period in our history has been as conscious of the effects and influence of these different departments as the present. Therefore in pictures we tell the story of a perfect democracy. Copyright 1937 Wendell Scott Editor James W. Cherry, Jr. Business Manager Joseph C. Wells Advertising Manager THE DOORWAY TO A LEGAL EDUCATION We are indebted to John Randolph and James Madison of Virginia for our plan of government. During the Constitutional Con- vention the “Virginia Plan” became the basis for a National government that was theore- tically sound and eminently practical consist- ing of a Legislative, an Executive, and a Ju- diciary. This cheek and balance system of government has survived many governments throughout the world, and is a model for all Democracies. Edited and Published by The Class of 1937 of National University Law School Washington, D. C. THE 1937 DOCKE ' l Foreword T A he Docket Staff has assembled the material in these pages with the idea of showing the interests and influences, both cultural and scholastic National University has to offer its students. A full education is obtained by outside effects as well as by classroom recitation and lectures. We have in National University a school rich in tradition and legal success in the middle of the most dominant educating influence — the Government. With these interests and influences it is easy to understand why National University is second to none in legal professors, legal attainments, and legal lore. We thank National University as an entity, our professors, our surroundings and pledge emulation thereof. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Contents Faculty Seniors Juniors Freshmen School of Economics and Government Fraternities Sororities Features THE 1937 DOCKET Qui Bene Distinguit, Bene Docet T o present Godfrey L. Munter, A. Ph., L.L.B., L.L.M., mem- ber of the bar of the District of Columbia, Virginia, and California, Professor of Sales, Extraordinary Legal Reme- dies, and Practice and Procedure at National University, is to cre- ate an impression of austere dignity which, in reality, he makes every effort to dispel. A toppler of countless pedestals, it is characteristic that his own is first to fall. In declining to stand upon degrees and position, he unwittingly emphasizes rather than obscures the attributes through which that position was attained. As an instructor, Godfrey Munter shows himself intensely alive, keen and practical. He strips the law of the cloak of mysti- cism and reveals it a thing of human contrivance, based upon hu- man experience, but operated by men according to their several lights. In demonstrating the operation of the machinery of the law, he points out its weaknesses and its strength, sparing neither ab- stract doctrine nor human components. His are no reform lectures, however, but a pointing out of those features of our judicial system which might otherwise be learned by costly experience a service too often overlooked in ex- pounding dogmatic principles. The substantive laws receive due attention as, restlessly pac- ing the rostrum, he unleashes a powerful voice and emphasizes im- portant points with deliberately execrable diction, illustrating them with well chosen anecdotes. Ever interesting, he gives one the driest law in Munter’s inimitable fashion; and to those who are skeptical that learning is accelerated when facts are entertainingly presented, his courses are a complete answer. Ask any Munter student the fundamental principle of titles and the smiling reply will be, “You can not give what you haven’t got!” NATIONAL UNIVERSITY GODFREY L. MUNTER THE 1937 DOCKET ,31k 4 cniort;tm E mulation is the highest tribute his fellow men can pay to a man. More than an instinctive following of an ideal, it re- presents a conscious endeavor to attain, through the means another has shown to be efficacious, a more lofty place not only in the esteem of the community but in the more closely guarded circle of one’s own self-respect. In Hayden Johnson was found a man truly worthy of such emulation, for in that kindly gentleman, who from the wealth of his knowledge did impart to us with rare clarity and persuasiveness the fundamental concepts of equity jurisprudence, we were pri- vileged to know a man great by all the standards of civilization. A citizen of the highest type, a leader in civic betterment, an eminent scholar and educator, and an attorney justly renowned, it is a fitting commentary upon his character that he was best known and most revered as a just and honorable man. Equity was Hayden Johnson’s guiding light — that essential equity which contemplates an honest and direct approach to all life’s problems, and a wholehearted fulfillment of one’s duty to the community. As he once expressed it, “Great things are made easy by small, unpleasant tasks well done.” Such was his philosophy and much of his wisdom. His great- est service to us, and the many students who have gone before, was that we were privileged to know him, and from him learn the true value of those basic virtues. Our greatest tribute to him will be the practice and perpetuation of those principles which he so magnifi- cently exemplified. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY HAYDEN JOHNSON THE 1937 DOCKET Chancellor’s Message S uccess depends not only upon an adequate knowledge of the basic principles of a chosen occupation or profession, but also upon loyalty to those principles and intelligence and energy in their practical application. There is no short cut to real success. This admonition is given as you are about to leave your Alma Mater. Although the goal may seem inaccessible at times, be patient and unafraid, and, with the will to struggle ever onward and upward, you will reach that measure of success which you de- serve. “Would any man be strong, let him work; or wise, let him observe and think; or happy, let him help; or influential, let him sacrifice and serve.” On behalf of the Trustees, Officers, and Fac- ulty of the University, I bid you farewell. I do so with the hope that, through the years to come, we may all have pleasant mem- ories of our work together. Charles S. Hatfield NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CHARLES S. HATFIELD Chancellor THE 1937 DOCKET The Dean’s Message T he class of 1937 is about to enter the ranks of the legal profession at a time when the mission and the functions of lawyers are very much discus- sed and the very profession is subjected to much questioning. This is noth- ing new in its history, and it is a phenomenon which merely indicates that today more than ever lawyers have exceptional opportunities of leadership by the very nature of their activities before the courts and in legislative bodies. When so much is being questioned, and when old values are being revalued, a lawyer, to be at his best, must understand the trend of the times ; he must know something, indeed much, of present-day economic and social needs. A lawyer may know all the statutes and all the decisions of courts, but if he looks upon them and uses them merely as rules of a game he is still a poor lawyer. Decisions have value and are of real importance only in so far as they apply living principles. Law is and must be a stabilizing factor in society; but law, if we are to avoid disaster, must not make for pertification. Of all classes graduating from the National University I have been associated with, for obvious reasons the class of 1937 will always stand out in my memory. May all of its members be successful in their chosen walk of life, and may they rise to the opportunities beckoning to them. Charles Pergler NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CHARLES PERGLER Dean of Law School THE 1937 DOCKET - Historical Sketch T he history of National University presents an enviable record of achievement, dating from 1869, when the school was first chartered, to the present time. Five Presidents of The United States have served as Chancellors Ex-Officio of Na- tional University during its existence; namely Presidents Grant, Hayes, Garfield, Arthur and Cleveland. Among the more than seven thousand graduates of National will be found many who have done honor to themselves, their school and their country in many and various capacities. The Alumni of National is represented in num- erous state and federal courts, in Congress, in the cabinet and in other high offices. The high regard which the local bar has for Na- tional graduates is manifested by the fact that the last four presi- dents of the District of Columbia Bar Association have been alum- ni of National University. The practical and efficient methods of teaching the law begun by W. B. Wedgewood, Arthur MacArthur, Eugene Carusi, Richard H. Alvey, and their eight associates is still prevailing at National University, and the hopes of George Washington are being fulfilled. National University is one of the oldest law schools in the United States and enjoys an unusually high standing among the legal profession. NA ' FIONA L UNIVERS1T) JOHN L. CASSIX Assistant Dean of The Laxc School Secretary of The Board of Trustees THE 1937 DOCKE ' l The Editor’s Message T X he Docket Staff this year presents. National University Law School, the Judiciary, the Executive, the Legislative, and other pictures of Washington. We believe that a year book should not only reflect personal and intellectual memories but the surround- ings that tend toward a full education. We thank the class for their assistance and encouragement in the compilation of this book. No publication can be successful without the concerted help of all and it is gratifying the cooperation we have received. We hope you like it. Thanks. The Editor NATIONAL UNIVERSITY WENDELL SCOTT THE 1937 D OCKET JAMES W. CHERRY, Jr. Business Manager JOSEPH C. WELLS Advertising Manager JAMES E. FALLON Assistant Editor NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Docket Staff RUTH ELLIS Associate IGNACIO R. BACA Subscriptions DONALD C. MITCHELL Subscriptions JOHN A. ARNTSON Associate LEHRON ARD Associate MARION R. WYVELL Associate HARRY W. GOLDBERG Photography THE 1937 DOCKET = Politae legibus non leges politiis adaptandae ( Politics are to be adapted to the laws, and not the laws to politics .) Book One Standing, Left to Right : Owen J. Roberts of Pennsylvania (1875 — May 20 , 1930 ); Pierce Butler of Minnesota (1866 — Dec. 21 , 1922 ); Harlan Fiske Stone of New York (1872 — Feb. 5 , 1925 ); Benjamin Nathan Cardozo of New York ( 1870 — March 2 , 1932 ). Seated, Left to Right : Louis D. Brandeis of Massachusetts (1856 — June 1 , 1916 ); Willis Van Devanter of Wyoming (1858 — Dec. 15 , 1910 ); Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes of New York (1862 — Feb. 13 , 1930 ); James Clark McReynolds of Tennessee (1862 — Aug. 29 , 1914 ); George Southerland of Utah ( 1862 — Sept. 5 , 1922 ). NATIONAL UNIVERSITY The Supreme Court T he Constitution established “one Supreme Court and left to Congress the task of setting up other Federal courts as are necessary. The first Congress passed the famous Judiciary Act of 1789. This organized the Supreme Court and established lower Federal courts. Americans believe that no branch of our gov- ernment has been more successful in its workings than the judicial branch. that the judicial branch is the feature which crowns our entire system of government A judge of the Supreme Court is appointed by the President with the approval of Senate. No man can run that gauntlet of selectivity if he has one iota of unfairness, unkindness, prejudice or intellectual dishonesty about his makeup. He may hold his position during good behavior. — which has meant for life. He performs his work without fear or favor, for he cannot be forced out of his position. He upholds the Constitution and the laws of the United States, and deals out justice to everyone alike. The Constitution is the supreme law of the land, the Supreme Court has the final power to pass on any law made either by Congress or by the legislature of a state; it has power to decide whether the law is in accord or whether it is at var- iance with the Constitution. Faculty THE 1037 DOCKET HON. CHARLES S. HATFIELD, LL.D. Professor of Federal Procedure and Agency ; Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals Native of Ohio; A.B. at Hanover College; post-graduate course at Indiana University , gra- duated at law at Ohio State University and began actice of law in 1907; prosecuting attorney of aod County, Ohio, 1911-1914; appointed Judge the United States Court of Customs Appeal, arch 4, 1923; Chancellor of the University. CHARLES PERGLER, D.C.L., LL.D. Professor of Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence Dean of the Law School; Director of Graduate Studies and Professor of Constitutional Law and Jurisprudence, Law Faculty, accredited Diplo- matic Representative of Czechoslovakia in the U. S., 1918; Czechoslovak Minister to Japan, 1920-21; Member Czechoslovak Chamber of Dep- uties, 1929-1931. HON. CHARLES H. ROBB, LL.D. Professor Emeritus of Lazo and Associate Justice of the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia Native of Vermont; practiced law at Bellows Falls, Vermont, 1894-1902; Assistant Attorney General of United States, 1904-1900; appointed an associate Justice of the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia in 1900; member of National University Faculty for twenty-five years. XATIOXA L UNIVERSITY P. H. MARSHALL. LL.M. Professor of Municipal Corporations and Evidence Cases Special Assistant Corporation Counsel of the District of Columbia. 1911-1913; First Assistant Corporation Counsel, 1916-1920; Member of the firm of Whiteford, Marshall and Hart. HON. JENNINGS BAILEY, LL.D. Professor of Equitable Trust and Conflict of Lazes and Associate Justice of United States District Court for the District of Columbia Native of Tennessee; educated at the South- western Presbyterian University, at Harvard Uni- versity, and in Vanderbilt University; practiced law in Clarksville and Nashville, Tenn.: Appoint- ed as Associate Justice of United States District Court for the District of Columbia, 1918; Mem- ber of Faculty of National University since 1923. THOMAS H. PATTERSON, LL.B. Professor of the law of Contracts and Associate Professor of Real Property. Born in King and Queen County, Virginia; graduate of Georgetown University Law School, 1906; engaged in private practice in the District of Columbia; member of Sigma Nu Phi; member of Faculty of National University Law School since 1919. THE 1037 DOCKET RICHARD A. FORD, LL.M. Associate Justice, Moot Court of Appeals Educated in the law office of G. G. Wells, Uni- versity of Virginia and George Washington Uni- versity; admitted to the Bar of the District of Columbia in 1893; Editor of the Washington Law Reporter for the past thirty-three years. HON. D. LAWRENCE GRONER Professor of the Law of Admiralty and Associate Justice of the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia. Educated at Washington and Lee University; University of Virginia; member of Phi Beta Kappa; began practice of law in Norfolk, Va., 1894; appointed United States Attorney, 1910; in 1921 appointed United States District Judge for the Eastern District of Virginia; in 1931 was appointed Associate Justice of the Court of Ap- peals of the District of Columbia. C. SUMNER LOBINGIER J.U.D., D.C.L., PH.D., J.D. Professor of Roman, Civil and Comparative Law Former U. S. Judge in the Philippines and in China. Former Special Assistant to the Attorney General. Author of over one hundred contributions to legal encyclopedias and periodicals ; member of Phi Beta Kappa and Sigma Delta Kappa Frater- nities. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY HON. FENTON W. BOOTH, LL.D. Professor of Elements of Jurisprudence and Chief Justice, United States Court of Claims Native of Illinois; educated at DePauw Univer- sity, University of Michigan; practices law in Mar- shall, Illinois; member of Fortieth General Assem- bly of Illinois; Judge of the U. S. Court of Claims, 1905-1928; Chief Justice of The U. S. Court of Claims since 1928. JULIUS I. PEYSER, LL.M., D.C.L. Lecturer of Equity Procedure and Judge of Equity Moot Court Graduate of Georgetown University and George Washington University; engaged in the practice of law since 1 899; Captain in U. S. Army; for- merly member of Board of Education; President of Bar Association of the District of Columbia, 1929, Vice-President of American Bar Association for the D. C., 1930; member of Pi Gamma Mu. HON. OSCAR R. LUHRING, LL.D. Professor of Equity Pleading, Code Pleading, and law of Suretyship and Associate Justice United States District Court for the District of Columbia Born in Gibson County, Indiana, 1879; LL.B University of Virginia, 1900; LL.D., National University, 1932; Began practice of law at Evans- ville, Indiana, 1900; member of Indiana House of Representatives, 1903-1904; appointed Associate Justice United States District Court for the Dis- trict of Columbia, 1930; member of Phi Kappa Sigma and Sigma Nu Phi Fraternities. THE 1937 DOCKET j HON. ERNEST W. GIBSON, B.S., A.M., LL.D. Lecturer on Trial Procedure Former Judge Municipal Court, Windham Coun- ty, Vermont; served in World War overseas as Captain of Infantry; former Colonel of 172nd Infantry N. G., Vermont; Vice-President Nor- wich University; United States Senator from Ver- mont. HON. PEYTON GORDON, LL.D. Associate Justice of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia and Professor of the Laze of Bankruptcy Native of Washington, 1). C.; LL.B. Columbian College - - - now George Washington University, 1890; LL.M., 1891; Former Assistant United States Attorney for the District of Columbia; Major, Judge Advocate General’s Corps, Chau- mont, France. Received LL.D., National Univer- sity, 1931. HON. F. DICKINSON LETTS, LL.D. Associate Justice of United States District Court for the District of Columbia and, Professor of the Laze of Mortgages Native of Iowa; attended Columbia University Law School and State University of Iowa Law School. Member American Bar Association, Con- gressional Country Club, Masonic Order, Shrin- ers, K. P. and Elks. Trustee Parsons College, Fairfield, Iowa. Member of Congress from Iowa for six years. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY HON. JAMES M. PROCTOR, LL.D. Associate Justice of United States District Court for the District of Columbia and Professor of Criminal Laze Cases Native of Washington, D. C. ; member of I). C. Bar since 1903; Assistant U. S. Attorney for D. C., 1905-1909 and Chief Assistant, 1909-1913; Asso- ciate Justice of United States District Court for the District of Columbia since March 8, 1931 ; Member of American Bar Association; President of General Alumni Association of George Wash- ington University for two years. W. W. MILLAN, LL.B., LL.M. Associate Justice of the Moot Court of Appeals Native of Culpeper County, Va., graduate Na- tional University; Winner University Medal (high- est honor); engaged in law practice since 1890; member of Bar of Supreme Court of U. S.; ser- ved twenty years as Treasurer of D. C. Bar Asso- ciation; President of I). C. Bar Association 1923; member of American Bar Association. MILTON STRASBURGER, LL.M., D.C.L. Professor of Equity Jurisprudence Cases and D. C . Code Native of Washington, D. C. ; graduate of Georgetown University Law School and George Washington University Law School; Judge of the Municipal Court of the District of Columbia, 1914- 1920; Member of Masonic and Elk Fraternities; Honorary Member of Alpha Beta Phi. THE 1937 DOCK El ROGER O’DONNELL, LL.M. Professor of Torts and Common Law Pleading Graduate of National University, LL.B., 1911; LL.M., 1912; member of Faculty since 1914; compiler of “Some Essentials of Common Law Pleadings”, more familiarly known as the “little green book”; author of Forms of Common Law Pleading; practicing law in Washington and New York City. JOHN PAUL EARNEST, LL.M. Lecturer on Anglo-American Lazo and Constitu- tional Historij A.M., Gettysburg College, 1886; LL.B. and LL.M., George Washington University. Member American Bar Association, Phi Kappa Psi and Phi Delta Phi. He has been chairman of District of Columbia Bar Examiners since 1920. WILLIAM A. COOMBE, LL.M. Professor of the Law of Marriage and Divorce Native of Maryland; graduate of National Uni- versity Law School, 1906; member of Sigma Nu Phi Legal Fraternity; member of District of Co- lumbia Bar Association; University Club; Cap- tain, Officers Reserve Corps, U. S. A. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY WALTER N. TOBRINER, LL.M. Professor of the Law of Domestic Relations Graduated from Princeton University with an A B. in 1923; received LL.B. from Harvard Uni- versity in 1926. Has been on faculty at National for three years. Is a member of the District of Co- lumbia Bar and American Bar Association. THOMAS E. ROBERTSON, LL.D. Professor of Patent Lazo LL.B., National University, 1906; LL.D. Na- tional University, 1926 and Bates College in 1930; Chairman U. S. Delegation to The Hague 1925; member U. S. Delegation Pan American Confer- ence at Cuba, 1928 and at Washington in 1929; U. S. Commissioner of Patents 1921-1933. RICHARD W. FLOURNOY, LL.M. Professor of International Law Native of Virginia; attended Washington and Lee University; LL.M. from George Washington University, 1905; in 1908 appointed Chief, Bur- eau of Citizenship, Department of State ; Assistant to the Legal Adviser, Department of State; Au- thor of articles on legal topics in the American Journal of International Law, Yale Law Journal, etc. THE 1937 DOCKE ' l WALTER M. BASTIAN, LL.M. Professor of Evidence and Legal Ethics Native of Washington, D. C. ; graduate of Na- tional University Law School ; member of the Bar of District of Columbia since 1913; Former Trea- surer of the D. C. Bar Association; member of Sigma Delta Kappa; President of D. C. Bar Asso- ciation 1936. J. ROBERT ANDERSON, A.B., LL.M. Lecturer on Government Contracts and Claims and Jurisdiction and Practice of the Court of Claims Born in Ellington, New York, 1864; A. B., Alleghany College, Meadville, Penna., 1890; LI.. M., Buffalo Law School. Buffalo, New York, 1893; in general practice in Randolph, New York, and Parkersburg, West Virginia, Special Assistant to the Attorney General. GEORGE PERCY BARSE, LL.M. Professor of Private Corporations , Damages , Re- view and Associate Professor of Real Property Native of Maryland; LL.B., National Univer- sitv, 1908; LL.M., 1909; Assistant Corporation Counsel, D. C., 1917-1924; Special Assistant to the Attorney General of U. S., 1924-1927; Gen- eral Counsel Division of Insolvent National Banks, Treasury Department, 1927; member Sigma Delta Kappa Fraternity. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY HON. VERNON E. WEST, LL.M. Professor of Insurance Graduate of Georgetown University, 1908; Post Graduate, 1909; in general practice until 1922 when appointed First Assistant U. S. District At- torney for the District of Columbia; resigned 1929 to resume private pratice; 1929 appointed Princi- pal Assistant Corporation Counsel for the District of Columbia. O. L. MOHUNDRO, A.B., D.C.L. Professor of Interstate Commerce Law, Bailments and Carriers Graduate of National University Law School; member of the Bar of District of Columbia and State of Kentucky; Examiner of the Interstate Commerce Commission. CONRAD H. SYME, LL.M. Professor of Partnership Graduate of National University; Counsel in the Post Office Cases in 1903; Corporation Coun- sel of the District of Columbia, 1913-1920; member of the Board of Trade, Chamber of Commerce, National Press Club, University Club, and the Dis- trict of Columbia Bar Association; member of Sig- ma Nu Phi. THE 1937 DOCKET GEORGE E. EDELIN, LL.M. Professor of Statutory Remedies Negotiable In- struments, Property Cases and Associate Judge of Equity Moot Court Native of Washington, D. C., educated in the schools of Washington, D. C., and Georgetown University; World War Record, U. S. Marine Corps; member of D. C. Bar Association and American Bar Association. THEODORE D. PEYSER, LL.B. Lecturer in Case Study and Analysis Educated at the University of Virginia and Cambridge University, England; member of D. C. Bar; member of Masonic Fraternity and National University Masonic Club; engaged in the general practice of law. HERBERT L. DAVIS, LL.M. P rof essor of C ourt Auditing and Legal Accounting LL.M., Columbia University, 1892; Assistant to the Chief of Engineers, U. S. Army, 1893- 1913; Auditor, Supreme Court of the District of Columbia, 1915-1928; member, Law Faculty, Na- tional University since 1924. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY H. WINSHIP WHEATLEY, LL.M. Professor of Criminal Law and Judge of the Pro- bate Moot Court Native of Washington, D. C.; LL.B., National University, 1903; LL.M., 1904 ; member of the Faculty of National University since 1926; mem- ber of the Bar of the Supreme Court of U. S. ; member of Bar of D. C. and Maryland; past Presi- dent of District of Columbia Bar Association. THOMAS C. HAVELL, LL.B. Professor of Land , Mining and Irrigation Law Graduated from National University Law School, 1922; Assistant Commissioner, General Lard Office; member of Washington Society of E g ; neers and Masonic Fraternity. HON. FINIS JAMES GARRETT Professor of Equity Jurisprudence and Associate Judge of the United States Court of Customs and Appeals. Native of Tennessee; A.B., Bethel College, McKenzie, Tenn.; admitted to the bar, 1899 and practiced at Dresden, Tenn. Master in chancery, 1900-1905; member of 59th to 70th Congress (1905-1929,) 9th Tenn. Dist. ; elected minority floor leader of 68th Congress; appointed Judge in the United States Court of Customs and Patent Appeals March 5, 1929. THE 1937 DOCK El GODFREY L. MUNTER, A. PH., A.B. Professor of Sales , Extraordinary Legal Remedies , and Office Practice and Court Procedure Awarded the degree of A.Ph., University of Chicago; LL.B. from National University Law School; member of the Bar of District of Colum- bia and the States of California and Virginia; Past Chancellor of Joseph H. Choate Chapter of Sigma Nu Phi. HENRY L. WALKER, LL.B. Professor of the Laic of Contracts Graduated from Georgetown University with LL.B. in 1927. Attended George Washington Uni- versity. Is a member of District of Columbia Bar and U. S. Supreme Court Bar. Now Solicitor for the Southern Railway System. Member of faculty at National University Law School since 1931. H. B. McCAWLEY, LL.M. Lecturer on the Laic of Federal Taxation , Income and Estate Taxes Native of South Dakota; educated at Drake University; George Washington University; mem- ber of Sigma Chi ; Special Attorney, Bureau of Internal Revenue; entered private practice of law, 1921 ; member of I). C. Bar and of the Bar of the Supreme Court of U. S.; member of Faculty of National University Law School since 1927. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY EVERETT F. HAYCRAFT, LL.B. Professor of the Law of International Claims Native of Minnesota, Graduate of George Wash- ington University Law School, member of District of Columbia Bar. Special Attorney for Federal Trade Commission on Anti-Trust Cases. CLINTON ROBB, LL.B. Educated at Brattleboro (Vermont) Academy, Wesleyan University and Boston University Law School, receiving degree with honors in 1909. En- gaged in practice before the various departments and agencies of the Government and in the Federal Courts. ♦ HOWARD S. LeROY, LL.M. Native of New York; graduated from Univer- sity of Rochester, A.B., 1914; LL.B., Harvard University, 1918; Author of “Tentative Outline of Notes on Air Law”; member of Alpha Delta Phi, Phi Beta Kappa, District of Columbia Bar Association, American Society of International Law. THE 1937 DOCKE ' l CALVIN I. KEPART, D.C.L. Associate Professor of Conflict of Laws Attorney and Examiner for Interstate Com- merce Commission; B.S., University of California; B.C.S., Washington School of Accountancy; LL.B , LL.M., M.P.L. and D.C.L., National University Law School. GEORGE F. WELLS, LL.B., LL.D., PH.B. Lecturer on Public Utilities Native of Iowa; educated at Oberlin College, Wisconsin University, University of Chicago, Uni- versity of Michigan; member of the D. C. Bar, Ohio Bar and North Dakota Bar; now with U. S. Board of Tax Appeals. THOMAS E. RHODES, LL.M. Instructor in Charge of Legal Debating and Pub- lic Speaking Born in Mississippi; Mississippi College; LL.B., National University Law School, 1921; LL.M., 1922; member of the Bar of I). C. and the State of Mississippi, and of the Supreme Court of the U. S.; Special Assistant to the Attorney General of the United States since 1922. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY L. H. SOTHORON, LL.B., LL.M. M.P.L. Professor of the laic of private corporations Native of St. Mary’s County, Maryland; grad- uate of National University; engaged in practice in 1923; member of the bar of the District of Colum- bia and the State of Maryland; member of the Maryland State Legislature, 1934-19 38; Corpora- tion Counsel for the town of Brentwood, Mary- land; former law partner of the late Dr. Hayden Johnson, Chancellor of National University. NATHAN CAYTON, LL.M. Judge of the Municipal Court of the District of Columbia and Judge of the Law Branch of the Moot Court Native of District of Columbia; LL.B., Nation- al University, 1918. Appointed Municipal Judge in 1927 and re-appointed in 1931. Member Board of Trade, American Bar Association, Masonic Or- der. GEORGE H. ZEUTZIUS, LL.B. Associate Professor of Private and Municipal Cor- poration Case Law Born in Green Bay, Wis.; formerly engaged in banking, holding high office in the Brown County, Wis., Chapter of the American Institute of Bank- ing; graduate of National University; member of the Bar of the District of Columbia and actively engaged in general law practice in District of Co- lumbia since 1928; member of Phi Beta Gamma Fraternity. THE 1037 DOCKET RUSSELL P. BELEW, LL.B. Cleric of All Moot Courts Born in Virginia; Georgetown University Law School, LL.B., 1907; Clerk of Circuit Court, Di- vision No. 4, United States District Court for the District of Columbia since 1916. UGO J. A. CARUSI Professor of Criminal Procedure National University LL.B., June 12, 1931, LL.M. and M.P.L. June 13, 1932. At present ex- ecutive assistant to the Attorney General of the United States and formerly Secretary to the Lieut. — Governor of Vermont, Speaker of the Vermont House of Representatives and both Judiciary Com- mittees and Secretary to the Attorney General of Vermont. JAMES E. SEBREE Professor of Administrative Law National University Doctor of Civil Law June 13, 1928; graduate of Illinois Southern Collegiate Institute with degree of Bachelor of Science, grad- uate of Oberlin College with degree of Bachelor of Arts, Georgetown University LL.B. and LL.M. Lawyer on the staff of the United States Board of Tax Appeals. NATIONAL UNIVERSIT The Faculty The faculty of the Law School numbers over 50 members: scholars in law and government, judges and experienced mem- bers of the Bar, experts in the different branches of the Govern- ment service. All instructors are specialists in the subjects they teach. THE 1937 DOCKET A Book 7 wo Wlien Congress convenes in January and on other occasions the President of the United States addresses a joint session of the Legislative branch of the government. This view presents the first Congress to assemble since the adoption of the 20th amendment to the Constitution of the United States. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY The Legislative T o perfect the scheme of an ideal government the Legislative branch was es- tablished to give direct recognition to the will of the people. The legislative branch or Congress which is composed of the House of Representatives and the Senate makes the laws, thereby reflecting the will of the people or suggesting remedies by laws to enhance the general welfare of the people. All of the three pow- ers of the government, — legislative, executive and judicial, are vested in the Senate. As one of the branches of Congress it exercises its legislative power; under the Con- stitutional Mandate, requiring the Senate’s advise and consent to all nominations made by the President to federal offices, it exercises its executive power; and when the Senate sits as a court of impeachment of federal officers who are tried for ‘high crimes” and “misdemeanors” it exercises its judicial power. The House of Representatives has three powers which the Senate does not have; first, the House alone introduces or originates bills for raising money, although the Senate may pro- pose changes in it; second, the House may elect the President in case the usual method for his election fails; and, third, the House may bring charges of impeach- ment. Seniors THE 1937 DOCKET The President’s Message F or three years a distinguished and conscientious faculty lias labored with assiduous care to ground us in the fundamentals of the common law. Having prepared us for the practice of a great profession, by giving us a firm foun- dation on which to base our future study , their task is now complete. We now stand on our own feet, the successes and failures with which we are to meet will be the direct results of our individual efforts and abilities. Though we are now the proud possessors of LL.B. degrees, we must realize that we are by no means ready to begin the practice of law. Several more years of study, study and work far harder than that of the last three years must be gone through before we can really look upon ourselves as competent practicing attorneys. Many of our class will find only humble places in the profession which we have chosen, a few will meet with a moderate success, and a very few will climb to places of distinction and leadership. But regardless of the narrowness or breadth of the influence which each individual may wield in the legal profession, each of us should vow to always remember that, “Laws are made for men, not men for laws.” If we can always bear in mind that our system of law is a flexible, growing thing and not a stagnant set of rules, that the primary object of laws is to enable the pop- ulation of the earth to live together in peace and happiness, and that progress and advancement can come only through change, then and then only may we hope to play a small but creditable part in the long process of perfecting the greatest of all legal systems, and in the constant struggle for liberal and equitable legislation. Clay Shackelford NATIONAL UNIVERSITY THE 1037 D0CKE1 Class Officers M. EDGAR MILSTEAD Vice-President CECIL M. ROEDER Secretary JAMES C. SANDERSON Treasurer VANCE V. VAUGHAN Sergeant-at-Arms MYRTLE HELM Historian Forty-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Executive Committee JOSEPH W. MARSHALL RUEBEN A. SANDERS VICTOR E. JOHNSON JAMES J. GORMAN HELENA LOUISE LOVELESS Forty-seven THE 1037 DOCKET Baccalaureate A s we are about to complete three years of intensive prepara- tion for the practice of law, it is fitting that we pause a mo- ment and consider the demands of that one outstanding fea- ture of the profession, responsibility. In a thousand ways we have unconsciously been impressed by the extent to which our system for the administration of justice is dependent upon the individual attorney. A client seeks his counsel, and then counsel sits in private judgment upon the merits of the cause. If he deems it actionable, upon him devolves the intricate task of preparation. From the com- mencement of the suit, the court looks to the attorney for an order- ly presentation of the salient facts and the applicable doctrines of law. Thus from the beginning to end the greatest responsibility for the just decision of the cause rests squarely upon the attorney. It is imperative that we, who are privileged to enter the pro- fession at a time when the law is achieving a heightened impor- tance as the vehicle of rapid changes in the social, economic and political structure of the country, understand and accept the duty which thus devolves upon us. Not only must we understand our particular factual situation, the broad background from which the controversy arose and the principles of law involved, but we must consider and present every aspect of the case which, in the light of present conditions, might be a factor in the determination of the cause. James E. Fallon Valedictorian, Class of 19J7 NATIONAL UNIVERSITY THE 1937 DOCKET J. FREDERICK ABEL (Fred) Youngstown, Ohio Masonic Club Chief Clerk, Rosslyn Gas Co., Arlington, Virginia DOLORES LILLIAN ABELLERA (Lily) Brooklyn, New York Southeastern University Philippine Columbian Cy Pres Club Filipino Student Club 1937 Secretary to Resident Commissioner of Philippine SAUL ABRAHAMS (Sonny) Bradley Beach, New Jersey New York University New Jersey Law School Alpha Phi Pi Alpha Beta Pi Order of De Mo Lay and De Mo Lay Legion of Honor Clerk Fifty NATIONAL UNIVERSITY JOSEPH E. ALLEN Washington, D. C. ANN FRANCES ANDERSON Washington, D. C. Stenographer in Patent Attorney’s office LEHRON ARD (Doctor) Geneva, Alabama Palmer College Alabama Polytechnic Institute Masonic Club Clerk, Veteran’s Bureau Fifty-one THE 1937 DOCKET CLIFFORD KEMP ARNOLD Buckliannon, West Virginia Principal Claims Examiner, General Accounting Office JOHN ANDREW ARNTSON (Jack) Galva, Illinois LaCrosse State Teachers College Social Committee Docket Staff Department of Commerce, United States Patent Office PAUL LEE ARNTSON Galva, Illinois Knox College Phi Delta Theta Resettlement Administration, Statistics Fifty-two NATIONAL UNIVERSITY R. DONALD AYERS (Don) Lewisto n, Montana George Washington University Masonic Club Sigma Delta Kappa Bookkeeper, R. F. C. EARL STANLEY BALDER SON (Baldy) Washington, D. C. Clerk, Government Service HENRY GRADY BATES Liberty, Mississippi George Washington University Certified Public Accountant, State of Mississippi Sigma Nu Phi Senior Accountant and Auditor, Bureau of Inter- nal Revenue Fifty-three THE 1937 DOCKET MORRIS BENSON Washington, D. C. Maryland University George Washington Law School Columbia Law School National University Law School Manager of Benson’s Oil and Fuel Company EDGAR BLALOCK (Ed) Griffin, Georgia University of Georgia, B.S. Secretary to E. M. Owen, Member of Congress IGNACIO RICARDO BACA Albuquerque, New Mexico Regis College, Denver Colorado 1937 Docket Staff Simon Bolivar Club Fifty-four NATIONAL UNIVERSITY NELSON BODNICK (Bod) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Temple University Alpha Beta Phi Dance Committee Election Committee JAMES LAWRENCE BOND Accomac, Virginia Department of Commerce BERNICE BOOKE (Pat) Salt Lake City, Utah Cy Pres Club Kappa Beta Pi Auditor Fifty-five THE 1937 DOCKE ' l WILLIAM E. BRENNAN (Bill) American Legion WALTER ANDREW BROADDUS Alexandria, Virginia Masonic Club, P ' irst Vice President Clerk, Southern Railway CLAY EVANS BROOKS (Buddy) Garrett Park, Maryland George Washington University Civil Engineer, Interstate Commerce Commission Fifty-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY JAMES JOSEPH CARR (Poet) Washington, I). C. George Washington University Receiving Teller JULIAN HUBERT CARTER Athens, Illinois Sigma Delta Kappa Masonic Club Insurance FLOYD EATON CHALKLEY Washington, D. C. Mount St. Mary’s College, A.B. F. B. I., Dept, of Justice Fifty-seven wgm THE 1937 DOCKET ROBERT LAW Washington, General Accounting Office CHANEY D. C. JAMES W. CHERRY, Jr. (Cherry) Salt Lake City, Utah University of Utah George Washington University Sigma Chi Business Manager of the 1937 Docket FREDERIC FRANCIS CHESLEY (Horse) Washington, D. C. Georgia Tech Treasury Department, Accounts and Deposits, Resettlement Division Reconstruction Finance Corporation Fifty-eight NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ALBERT G. CLARK (Buddy) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Masonic Club Sigma Delta Kappa Medical Department, U. S. Army ROBERT WILLIAM CLARK (Bob) Adel, Iowa Government Clerk SQUARE BRINSON CLARK Stillmore, Georgia Public Works Administration Fifty-nine THE 1937 DOCKET HARRY LAMON CLENDENING Clarendon, Virginia Sigma Nu Phi Department of the Interior STANLEY EARL HAGEN Washington, D. C. HARRY WILLIAM GOLDBERG (Chief) Washington, D. C. Chief Justice, Alpha Beta Phi Member of Staff, 1937 Docket Sixty NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CLARKE CONWAY Chevy Chase, Maryland Phi Beta Gamma Legal Fraternity Representative, Curtiss-W right Corporation FRANK C. COOK Washington, D„ C. George Washington University American Institute of Banking Investment Banking WALTER NEIL COOK Frostburg, Maryland George Washington University D. C. Government Sixty-one THE 1937 DOCKET JOHN GRAHAM COURTRIGHT (Doc) New Lexington, Ohio Ohio University, A.B. Georgia Military Academy Sigma Nu Phi Auditor — Accountant, War Department JOSEPH WHILLDIN CRANE Englishtown, New Jersey Printing Section — Dept, of Agriculture LEWIS HERMON CRAVEN Washington, D. C. University of Pennsylvania, B.S. Land Bank Examiner Farm Credit Administration Sixty -two NATIONAL UNIVERSITY 1LENE CRIGLER Bayard, Nebraska Hastings Business College George Washington University Alvey Debating Society Cy Pres Club Kappa Beta Pi Stenographer-clerk, U. S. Government JOHN FREDRICK CRIGLER Attica, Indiana Alvey Debating Society Sigma Delta Kappa Social Security Board LEON HARRY CUBBERLEY (Cub) Merchantville, New Jersey Rider College Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania Class Treasurer, Freshman and Junior Years Sigma Nu Phi Secretary to Hon. Harold L. Ickes, Secretary of the Interior Sixty -three THE 1937 DOCKET JOHN BRABHAM DAVIS Williamsport, Pennsylvania Penn State Sigma Nu Phi CALVIN PARKER DEAL Atlanta, Georgia Gordon Military College Civil Service Commission KENNETH T. DELAV1GNE Washington, I). C. Department of Justice Sixty- four NATIONAL UNIVERSITY PATRICK HENRY DONOHUE (Pat) Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania Bookkeeper, Treasury Department EDWARD BRADLEY DEWEY Montpelier, Vermont Army and Navy Club Engineering Course, Western Electric Co. CHARLES PHILIP DETWILER Crow Agency, Montana General Accounting Office Sixty-five THE 1937 DOCKET FRANCIS ROBERT DONOHUE Logansport, Indiana St. Viator College, Bourbonnais, 111. University of Notre Dame Georgetown University Columbus University Southeastern University Agricultural Adjustment Administration VERNON R. BORMAN Pondcreek, Oklahoma Oklahoma Agriculture and Mechanical College Benjamin Franklin University Masonic Club Accountant, American Security and Trust Co. JOHN EDWARD DOUGHERTY Huntingdon, Pennsylvania Clerk — Pennsylvania Railroad Sixty-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY CHARLES STEWART DOWRICK Washington, D. C. Strayer Business College Sigma Nu Phi JOHN ALWYN DUNKEL (Dunk) Boston, Massachusetts Columbus University (Law) Auditor — General Accounting Office HAROLD THOMAS DURKIN (Hal) Brooklyn, New York Brownes Business College Benjamin Franklin University Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Depart- ment of Justice Sixty-seven THE 1937 DOCKEl JACOB SOL EDISS J ack Richmond, Virginia Columbus University Public Works Administration EARL LESTER EDWARDS (Spunky) Takoma Park, Maryland University of Maryland, A.B. University of Virginia President, Freshman Class Sigma Nu Phi Economist — Federal Housing Administration MALCOLM AINSLEE EDWARDS (Mack) Washington, D. C. Chancellor, Sigma Nu Phi Vice President Freshman Class, Prom Committee — Freshman Right of Way Agent, The Chesapeake and Poto- mac Telephone Co. Sixty-eight NATIONAL UNIVERSITY ESTELLE D. ELIADES Dayton, Ohio Department of the Interior HUGH SPENCER ELLIOTT Brickeys, Arkansas Branghans Business College Benjamin Franklin University, B. C. S. Bookkeeper, National Engraving Company RUTH ADA ELLIS Washington, D. C. Chaplain — Phi Delta Delta Cy Pres Club — Vice President 1936 Executive Committee, 1935 Docket Stenographer — Aeronautical Chamber of Com- merce Sixty-nine THE 1937 DOCKET LAURENCE LEON EPPERSON (Larry) Salt Lake City, Utah George Washington University General Clerical — General Accounting Office WILLIAM T. ESTABROOK Chevy Chase, Maryland George Washington University JAMES E. FALLON Le Roy, New York George Washington University Clerk, U. S. Dept, of Agriculture, B. P. I. Seventy NATIONAL UNIVERSITY HARRY H. FIXKELSTEIX (Red) New York. New York Alpha Beta Phi Clerk in Electrical Accounting Division of Gen- eral Accounting Office HANSEL FLEMING (Gabe) Clintwood. Iowa Emory and Henry College of Virginia Hiowossie College of Tennessee Capitol Police BYRON J. FORD Malad City. Idaho University of Utah George Washington University Seventy -one THE 1037 DOCKE ' J NATHANIEL ROCKWOOD FRENCH Slier bo r n, Massachusetts Harvard University Patent Attorney LEON DIAZ FRIGILLANA (Frigie) Aringay, Philippines George Washington University A. B. (1933) and M. A. (1935) President, The Philippine Columbians of Nation- al University ORILLE C. GAUDETTE Lowell, Massachusetts Seventy-two NATIONAL UNIVERSITY HELEN DE VOLIN GIBB (Tex) El Paso, Texas Secretary Junior Class Kappa Beta Pi Secretary to Chief Counsel, Alcohol Tax Unit LI TTON HASKELL GIBSON (Gibby) Falls Church, Virginia National Oratorical Contest Winner, State of Vir- ginia — 1932 Digest Clerk, General Accounting Office SIGMUND GOLDBLATT New York, New York City College of New York Brooklyn Law School Seventy-three THE 1937 DOCKET JAMES JOSEPH GORMAN, JR. (Kim) Arlington, Virginia Sigma Delta Kappa Executive Committee (Sr. Year) Clerk, Interior Department SAMUEL GORDON (Flash) Washington, D. C. Alpha Beta Phi G. P. O. Apprentice FAY WILLARD HAGEN Minneapolis, Minnesota University of Minnesota President Jr. Class Personnel Office, Resettlement Administration Seventy- four XATIOXAL UXIVERSITY CHARLES FIX CENT HARDWICK Kinsale. Virginia University of Virginia McDonogh School Julius Garfinckel and Company RAY ADELBERT HEIMBURGER Sandusky. Ohio George Washington University University of San Francisco Accountant. U. S. Treasury Dept. Procurement Division J. BERXARD HERBERT (Duke) Harrisonburg. Virginia Accounting Clerk. Washington Gas Light Co. Seventy- fize THE 1937 DOCKET ALICE MYRTLE HELMS Charlotte, North Carolina East Carolina Teachers Normal Kappa Beta Pi Cy Pres Historian Senior Class Social Security Board B. L. HIBBERT Mesa, Arizona Arizona State Dept, of Interior, National Park Service ROBERT E. HILL Tupelo, Mississippi Chancellor of Sigma Delta Kappa Investigator, Department of Agriculture Seventy- NATIONAL UNIVERSITY WANDA NASH HOBBS St. Albains, Vermont George Washington University Cy Pres Club Kappa Beta Pi, Legal Sorority Sr. Clerk, Retirement Desk, Foreign Service Ad- ministration BERNICE JAY Topeka, Kansas Kansas University Kappa Beta Pi Treasurer of Cy Pres Home Owners Loan Corporation MILTON JEKOFSKY (Jake) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Senior Prom Committee Executive Committee — Freshman Class Alpha Beta Phi Claims Developer, U. S. General Accounting Office Seventy-seven THE 1937 D0CKE7 VICTOR ELLIS JOHNSON (Sticky) Minneota, Minnesota Freight Traffic Clerk, Procurement Division, U. S. Treasury PARKER II ADDAWAY JONES Washington, D. C. George Washington University University of Virginia (Law School) Law Clerk MARGARET RUTH JORDAN (Peggy) Carthage, Texas Cy Pres Club Secretary to Chief of Press Section, Dept, of Agri- culture Seventy-eight NATIONAL UNIVERSITY MICHAEL DAVID RAPES (Mike), Barberton, Ohio Machinist, Navy Yard LOUIS ROBERT KENGLA Washington, D. C. Business Employee ALICE KENNEDY KIEFERLE Washington, D. C. George Washington University Phi Delta Delta, Cy Pres Club Record Clerk, Postmaster’s Claims Section, Soli- citor’s Office, Post Office Department Seventy-nine THE 1937 DOCKET GEORGE RAYMOND KIEFERLE Lewistown, Pennsylvania Georgetown University George Washington University Phi Beta Gamma Clerk, U. S. Treasury Department JAMES MILTON KIBLER Ballston, Virginia Taw Clerk HUGH ADAM KIRK Toledo, Ohio Toledo University, B.S. Patent Examiner Eighty NATIONAL UNIVERSITY JOHN JOSEPH LEAHY Ozone Park, New York Department of Agriculture THOMAS F. LAVENDER (Tom) Williamsport, Indiana University of Pennsylvania Public Works Administration EARL M. LINES Pima, Arizona University of Arizona Southeastern University Cl assifier, Resettlement Administration Eighty- one THE 1937 DOCKE ' l CHARLES LOUIS LI M BACH Washington, D. C. War Department THEODORE H. LITTLE Seattle, Washington George Washington University Sigma Alpha Epsilon Gamma Eta Gamma Bureau of Fisheries HELENA LOUISE LOVELESS Washington, D. C. St. Mary’s Academy Kappa Beta Phi Balance Clerk, Bureau of Engraving and Print- ing Eighty-two NATIONAL UNIVERSITY N. HARRIS LYON Baltimore, Maryland Credit Department, Washington Times INGHAM G ALLIN GER MACK Washington, D. C. Sigma Nu Phi Public Works Administration DAVID V. MANNER Chattanooga, Tennessee Secretary to Chairman, Committee on Foreign Af- fairs Eighty-three THE 1937 DOCKET LEON HUBERT MARKEY (Bishop) and (Speedo) Providence, Rhode Island Magnus College Providence College Second Vice-Chancellor Sigma Nu Phi Administrative Work — Public Works Administra- tion JOSEPH WOEHLER MARSHALL (Chuck) Aberdeen, South Dakota Randolph Flying Academy George Washington College Northern State College, B.S. Executive Committee, Senior Year Federal Bureau of Investigation, Clerk JAMES WILLARD MARTIN Washington, D. C. Business Employee Eighty-four NATIONAL UNITERS IT) CHARLIE CAMPBELL McCALL Butler. Alabama Public Works Administration CLIFFORD B. McLEOD Washington, D. C. NELLIE McMICHAEL Toledo, Ohio Ohio University George Washington University, A.B. Member of Advisory Committee — Freshman Class Debating Society, Women s Athletic Club, Kappa Beta Phi — Cv Pres Club Dept, of Labor, Chief Correspondence Section, Warrant De portation Division Eighty- five THE 1937 DOCKET PAUL JAMES McNEILL (Mac) Carbondale, Penna. George Washington University Columbus University Reconstruction Finance Corporation WILLIAM M. MEDEIROS New Bedford, Massachusetts Alvey Debating Society Sigma Delta Kappa CLYDE EARL MERRIMAN McMinnville, Tennessee Department of Agriculture Eighty-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY HAROLD JOSEPH MINCOSKY (Minnie) Washington, D. C. Alpha Beta Phi Jewelry Salesman PAUL HERBERT MILLER Uhrichsville, Ohio M. EDGAR MILSTEAD (Eddie) Washington, D. C. Vice-President of Class of 1937 President National University Masonic Club Chaplin Sigma Delta Kappa General Insurance Eighty-seven THE 1937 DOCKE ' l DONALD CAWSEY MITCHELL White Plains, New York Department of the Interior JOE II. MITCHELL (Mitch) Little Rock, Arkansas University of Arkansas FREDERICK WARREN MIKKO Highland Park, Michigan Clerk, Securities and Exchange Commission Eighty-eight NATIONAL UNIVERSITY S. ALAN MOORE FI ELD Washington, D. C. Federal Emergency Relief Administration JAMES WILLIAM MORRISON Frankfort, Indiana United States Capitol JOHN HENRY MURRAY Troy, New York General Accounting Office Eighty-nine THE 1037 DOCKET EDNA MAE NANCE (Nancy) McAllen, Texas Stephens College, Columbia, Missouri, Missouri University, A.B. Cy Pres Club Supervisor, Stenographic Section, Northeast Divi- sion, A. A. A. JAMES DeBOW NIC HO L Nashville, Tennessee Bureau of Internal Revenue NICHOLAS EMMANUEL NICOLAIDES (Nick) Atlanta, Georgia Cumberland University Woodrow Wilson College of Law Ninety NATIONAL UNIVERSITY WILLIAM HARRY NIMMINS (Bill) Aberdeen, South Dakota hederal Bureau of Investigation — U. S. Depart- ment of Justice WILLIAM ATKINS PARSONS Richmond, Virginia . P. I. and University of Richmond Sigma Phi Epsilon Paymaster, The Washington Times-Herald F. C ALTON PASCHALL Middleburg, North Carolina Sigma Nu Phi Government Clerk Ninety-one THE 1937 DOCKET JAMES M. PAXSON (Jim) Omaha, Nebraska University of Nebraska Phi Delta Theta Fraternity and De Mo Lay Law Clerk, H. O. L. C. JAIME FRANK PAGAN ACC I Lajas, Puerto Rico University of Puerto Rico ALICE COMPTON POLING Columbus, Ohio Resettlement Administration Ninety-two NATIONAL UNIVERSIT1 MARION ELIZABETH POOLE Greenville, Kentucky Logan College George Washington University Kappa Beta Pi Cv Pres Alvey Debating Society SALLIE B. PRESLEY Xiantic, Illinois Millikin University Adjudicator. Veteran’s Administration NORMAN EVANS PRINCE Tows on, Maryland Department of Agriculture Ninety-three THE 1937 DOCKET - EDWARD FRANCIS QUIGLEY (Ed) Auburn, New York Mt. St. Joseph’s Prep, Baltimore, Md. GRIER H. RAGG10 Lafayette, Louisiana George Washington University Chief, Site Acquisition Account Unit, National Park Service, Department of Interior JOSEPH RAPPAPORT (Rappy) Washington, D. C. Alpha Beta Phi Bookbinder, Government Printing Office Ninety-four NATIONAL. UNIVERSITY ROGER RATCLIFF (Rad) Meridian, Mississippi George Washington University National Business College Masonic Club, Sigma Delta Kappa Auditor, Reconstruction Finance Corporation PAUL MILLER RHODES Washington, D. C. Business Employee EDWARD P. RING (Ed) New Haven, Connecticut U. S. Naval Academy Auditor, General Accounting Office Ninety-five THE 1937 DOCKET WILLIAM A. RITTENHOUSE (Rit) Washington, D. C. George Washington University Salesman CECIL MIGNONAE ROEDER (Mickey) Jacksonville, Illinois Cy Pres Club Kappa Beta Pi, Legal Sorority HOMER CAMERON ROSE Omaha, Nebraska Grinnell College Department of Agriculture Ninety-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY RICHARD FENTON ROSS (Dick) Alexandria, Virginia American Institute of Banking Head Teller, Citizens National Bank JANE H. ROUSE Silver Spring, Maryland Strayer Business College Cy Pres Club Kappa Beta Pi Secretary, H. O. L. C. WILLIAM EARL ROWE Marlboro, Massachusetts Department of Justice Ninety-seven THE 1937 DOCKET NATHAN RUBENSTEIN (Rubey) Hammond, Indiana University of Illinois, School of Pharmacy Alpha Beta Phi Salesman, Paper Supplies T. GERTRUDE RUBIN (Trudis) Morristown, New Jersey Columbia University, New York City Agricultural Adjustment Administration JUAN RIVERA RUIZ (Tito) Aguada, Puerto Rico Normal School University ot Puerto Rico, Teacher ' s Certificate Assistant Auditor, Bureau of Public Roads Ninety-eight JAMES JOSEPH RYAN Washington, I). C. IDA ADELAIDE SAHN Highland Park, New Jersey Department of the Treasury ALLARD MICHAEL SANDERS (Al) Orangeburg, South Carolina University of South Carolina Phi Beta Gamma Insurance Agent Ninety-nine THE 1937 D0CKE1 REUBEN AUGUSTUS SANDERS (Sandy) Smithfield, North Carolina Sigma Delta Kappa Asst. Clerk-Typist, National Park Service Dept, of Interior JAMES CALHOUN SANDERSON Hattiesburg, Mississippi Marion Institute George Washington University Sigma Delta Kappa Supervisor in Public Works Administration WENDELL W. SCOTT (Scotty) Virden, Illinois Illinois Wesleyan University Sigma Chi Editor of Docket Teacher, Taft Junior High School One Hundred NATIONAL UNIVERSITY WILLIAM ARTHUR SEMMES (Bill) Washington, D. C. Brown University CLAY SHACKELFORD (Shack) Richmond, Kentucky Eastern Teachers College U. S. Naval Academy George Washington University President of Senior Class Moot Court Marshall Treasury Department ROBERT BURGER SHEARER (Bob) East Bethany, New York Treasurer-Sigma Delta Kappa, 1936-37 Asst. Clerk— H. O. L. C. One Hundred One THE 1937 DOCKET MELVILLE B. SHOREY Washington, D. C. Business Employee GEORGE DYSON SIMMS Norfolk, Virginia Department of Agriculture RAYMOND J. SIMON (Ray) Washington, D. C. Alpha Beta Phi Salesman One Hundred Two NATIONAL UNIVERSITY JOHN THOMAS SLATTERY Hatfield, Massachusetts Massachusetts State College Public Works Administration HARRISON TERRY SLAUGHTER (Sam) Leesburg, Ohio Ohio University Sr. Rate Clerk, Federal Communications Commis- sion R. KELVIN SHIVERS Salisbury, Maryland General Insurance One Hundred Three THE 1937 D0CKE7 JOHN KLUMP SLEAR (Jack) Charlotte, North Carolina Virginia Polytechnic Institute American Heavy Artillery College, Angiers, France Congressional Secretary JULIA McNINCH SLEAR (Peggy) Charlotte, North Carolina Peace Institute Queens — Chicora College Woman’s Division, University of North Carolina Columbia University Phi Delta Delta Journalism JOHN LIPTI SMITH (Bud) Barberton, Ohio George Washington University Sigma Nu Sergeant of U. S. Capitol Police One Hundred Four NATIONAL UNIVERSITY PHILIP SMITH Washington, District of Columbia Masonic Club Reclamation Engineer STEPHEN ALLAN SMITH Charleston, South Carolina Clerk Student LEON SYDNEY STEIN Baltimore, Maryland One Hundred Five THE 1937 DOCKET EMILY LEE STEWART Forest Hills, New York Barnard College Columbia University Fordham University Secretary to Patent Attorney RAE WINCHESTER STEWART (Rae) Baltimore, Maryland University of Maryland Finance and Accounting, Resettlement Administra- tion HUGH LEGARE STURGIS (Sturgie) Hyattsville, Maryland George Washington University A.B. Administrative Assistant, Division of Foreign Ser- vice, Department of State One Hundred Six NATIONAL UN IV ERSIT1 BRADFORD SWOPE (Brad) Washington, D. C. George Washington University, A.B. Sigma Alpha Epsilon Retail Merchandis ing; o SAM TANNENBAUM New York City, N. Y. City College of New York Fordham University Alpha Beta Phi Auditor, General Accounting Office HERMAN EDWARD TICKEL (Tick) Roanoke Rapids, North Carolina Federal Bureau of Identification, U. S. Depart- ment of Justice One Hundred Seven THE 1937 DOCKET ANDREW DAVID TORRE (Andy) Washington, D. C. Strayer’s College Sigma Nu Phi Real Estate CLARENCE PRESTON TRADER (Trotsky) Crisfield, Maryland Georgia-Carolina School of Business Masonic Club Alvey Debating Society Sigma Delta Kappa Auditor, General Accounting Office LEEFA D. TREASE (Lee) Aurelia, Iowa Capital City Commercial College Drake University Kappa Beta Pi Cy Pres Club Office Supervisor, Insurance Section, H. O. L. C. One Hundred Eight NATIONAL. UNIVERSITY DAVID TRUNDLE (Dave) Ashton, Maryland Western Maryland College, A.B. High School Teacher JO E UNDERWOOD (Twin) Mt. Vernon, Georgia Brewton Parker Junior College House Post Office FRANCIS JOSEPH VALLE (Frank) Baltimore, Maryland Private Business Employee One Hundred Nine THE 1937 DOCKET VANCE VERNON VAUGHAN (Van) Cottage City, Maryland Member of the D. C. Bar Manager, Miller Potato Chip Co. PAUL LEWIS WALL Buffalo, New York George Washington University Contract Clerk, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures Inc. ROBERT LEONARD WARDEN (Bob) Sharpsville, Indiana Central Normal College, B.S. Sigma Phi Kappa Delta Supervisor of Control Unit, Mortgage Insurance Review Section, Federal Housing Administra- tion One Hundred Ten NATIONAL UNIVERSITY PARKER P. WARNER Salt Lake City, Utah Ricks College Auditing, Department of Agriculture RAYMOND SMITH WEATHERLY ( R ay) Sumter, South Carolina Benjamin Franklin University Washington, D. C. Bookkeeper, Hechinger Co. T. HERMNAN WEINER (Tex) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Temple University, A. B. Chairman of Election Commission 1st year Department of Agriculture One Hundred Eleven THE 1037 DOCKE ' l JOSEPH CAIN WELLS Jackson, Kentucky Docket Stall Librarian, National University TALMAGE SYLVERTIS WILCHER (Capt) Hattiesburg, Mississippi President National U. Legal Debating Soc. 1934- 1935 Field Representative, Social Security Board CLIFTON ROBERT WILLINGHAM Washington, D. C. Columbus University Law School Farm Credit Administration One Hundred Twelve NATIONAL UNIVERSITY JESSIE MJY ll ' ILSOX (Judy) Washington, D. C. East Carolina State Teachers College C orrespondenee Clerk, General Accounting Office JOHN ALFRED WYNN (Buss) Suitland. Maryland Phi Beta Gamma, Legal Fraternity (Beta Chapter) Patent Searcher MARION ROBERTSON WYVELL Washington. D. C. George Washington L niversitv Columbia University Secretary-Stenographer. Division of Industrial Economics One Hundred Thirteen THE 1937 D0CKE1 JOSEPH M. ALLEN Ashland, Alabama HARRY EHRLICH Washington, D. C. Business Employee HENRY M. KAN NEE New York, New York Liaison Representative, R. F. C., at White House Executive Offices One Hundred Fourteen NATIONAL UNIVERSITY SUSAN NE LOFTIS Eva, Virginia FRANCIS ALLEN NORTON Arkadelphia, Arkansas Ouachita College, A.B. George Washington University Sigma Chi Universal Credit Company HERBERT MAYFIELD PALMER El Reno, Oklahoma Oklahoma City University Department of Agriculture One Hundred Fifteen THE 1937 D0CKE1 Seniors Not Photographed Allman, George P. Alsup, Cecil Ansell, Samuel Tilden, Jr. Atkinson, Charles Newell Bain, William Milton Baldwin, Thomas A. Beamer, Donald L. Berezoski, Clements Thomas Birgfeld, Kenneth Bleiberg, Isadore Herman Bowen, William Poston Bradley, Vincent William Brawley, James G. Brennan, William E. Brist, George L. Brown, Bert M. Bunnell, Charles J. Callan, Edward Andrew Carver, Milton George Chase, Anna Madeleine Clagett, John Williams Clarke, Kennetli F. Clephane, Arthur Hamilton Cox, Robin L., Jr. Davenport, Oliver W. Davis, Howard Warren DeLancey, Win. Reuben Dennee, John Sinclair DiZerega, Richard G. Doyle, Rose Ward Farnsworth, Frederick T. Field, Harry Herbert Fishgaug, Maurice Friday, Louis McCarty Gabriel, Robert Anthony Galliher, W. G., Jr. Gernand, Frances Hain Graves, Edward Charlton II Hall, Chadwick Gillilland Hansen, Paul James Harding, Kenneth Robert Heilman, Charles Louis Henderson, Charles Bowden Hobbs, Hobart Hobson Hoffman, Leon Clarence Holtzman, Max Howland, John Oswald Brod Hudson, William C. Jones, James Burnett Keeter, Sewell Kimball, Max Knowlton Kolden, Julian Lazowska, Edward S. LeMay, Keweun L. Lemon, Andrew Duvall Livingson, Brice Herbert Logan, Daniel Nicol Lutz, Carl Marshall, John Page McGhee, William Zach Meyer, Frank Joseph Mondell, George Parker Moran, John Edward Morrill, Giles Oliver McGraw, Hilliam D. McLean, John Howard McNary, Hugh Augustus O’Brien, Patrick George O’Neill, Harry Perrin, James Frank Pierce, William Raiford Porter, Alexander Munn Quinter, Ralph D., Jr. Radford, DuVal Reed, James E. Regan, Robert M. Russo, Gerald E. Sandulli, Guido Marshall Sargent, William Hall Savage, John Ward Sharp, Benjamin Vaughan Sharpe, Malcolm Spencer Shipman, Morris Robert Simmons, Miles El Dorado Smith, S. Norman Smoak, William Moore, Jr. Spearman, John Cohen Stewart, Charles Edward, Jr. Stewart, Rae Winchester Still, Samuel Hutchins, Jr. Taft, Peter Joseph Tatum, Charles Carson Taylor, Robert Adelin Thornton, John Francis Truax. Robert Armistead Vogel, Floretta Vradenbursr, Bradv J. Wertz, William H. H. Wierby, Bartley D. Williams, Otho Holland Worthington, Elizabeth Nina Yates, William Barnum One Hundred Sixteen NATIONAL UNIVERSITY GRADUATE HARRY SHUBIN Philadelphia, Penna. National University Law School, LL.B. Sigma Alpha Rho Advertising Manager, Nation-Wide Stores SCHOOL OF ECONOMICS AND GOVERNMENT WINN POWERS Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania De Molay Candidate for A.B. degree in the National Univer- sity School of Economics and Government. TSUN KWEI WANG China National Chi-nan University, A.B. Candidate for M.A. degree in National University School of Economics and Government. We regret that these photographs were too late for proper classification. One Hundred Seventeen THE 1937 DOCKET Judges of the Moot Court W. W. MILLAN Chief Justice, Court of Appeals RICHARD FORD Associate Justice, Court of Appeals GEORGE E. EDELIN Associate Judge Equity Court H. WINSHIP WHEATLEY Judge Probate Court JULIUS I. PEYSER Judge Equity Court NATHAN CAYTON Judge Law Court VERNON E. WEST Associate Justice, Court of Appeals NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Law Moot Court Session in Progress B efore leaving National University, the students have been grounded in the fundamental principles of law and given an opportunity to practice. The opportunity to practice what has been learned is given in the legal laboratory, the moot court. In the scene above Judge Cayton is presiding over a session of the Law Moot Court. Our experiences in moot court this year will long be remembered as pleasant as well as instructive. We are grateful to judges of the moot courts for their patient and wise guidance and we hope that when around the counsel table and be- fore the court or jury we will remember the things that they have told us about procedure. One Hundred Nineteen THE 1937 DOCKET Book Three Left to Right : President Roosevelt, Secre- tary of the Treasury Henry Morgenthau, Jr.; Attorney General Homer S. Cum- mings; Secretary of the Navy Claude A. Swanson; Secretary of Agriculture Henry A. Wallace; Secretary of Labor Frances Perkins; Vice-President John Nance Gar- ner; Secretary of Commerce Daniel C. Roper; Secretary of Interior Harold Ickes ; Postmaster General James A. Far- ley; Secretary of War Harry H. Wood- ring; and Secretary of State Cordell Hull. NATIONAL. UNI VERS IT) The President and His Cabinet T he Constitution of the United States provides that the President may require the opinion in writing, of the principal officer in each of the executive de- partments, upon any subject relating to the duties of their respective offices. By the words “executive departments” the Constitution takes for granted that de- partments, under the President’s direction, are to carry his work of enforcing the laws. The Cabinet Members give the President written reports of their departments, they also meet at his direction to advise and help him. It is said that Lincoln once asked his cabinet whether or not he should do a certain thing. Each member voted “no.” Lincoln himself voted “aye,” then added, “The ayes have it.” The President asks for advice then follows it or not as he thinks best. The cabinet members are very important in the work of the government. THE 1937 DOCKET MASON B. BRAY President, Class of 1938 NATIONAL UNIVERSITY President Vice-President . . Secretary Treasurer Sergeant-at-Arms Parliamentarian . Officers Mason B. Bray Frederick Glasgow Leila Terrill Lorrena McClosky David F. Youngblood J. S. Hayden J. S. Hayden,, Chairman R. A. Williams G. V. Palmes Marian Carr C. Chamberlain, Chairman Donald Creamer L. R. Lamb Samuel Silver W. J. Wrathall, Chairman H. K. Haines Ray S. Brill, Chairman Marian DeBelle Ray S. Brill Editor W. J. Wrathall Business Manager Cele Azarow Staff Writer Advisory Committee J. T. Vivian J. W. Tanner M. H. Cox Margaret Henderson H. G. Johnson Wm. A. Kline Oma Scott Publicity Committee Cele Azarow W. E. Mitchell Mildred Coray Katherine Ott H. R. Berger F. H. Hewlitt J. L. Sprague Ruth Rice W. W. Webb Walter Palmer M. Jones J. S. Kennestriek H. Wayne Unger Stanley Rider Ralph McCoy NATIONAL BROADCASTER S. J. Gianaris Associate Editor H. Wayne Unger Assistant Business Manager Marvin Cox Feature Editor Social Committee B. H. Hall Will Nash Campbell J. A. Dills Sylvia Bonnett J. F. Nicholson E. Finance Committee One Hundred Twenty-three THE 1937 DOCKEl History of the Junior Class W ell, here we are in 1937, and the Class of 1938 may be found, as always, scrambling for seats in classes little depleted by major examinations. Well, here we are — as previously remarked — with pardonable pride in our achievements which are beginning to evince itself among the members of the class. Witness the green young freshman of 1935, now metamorphozed with the hard won understanding of Agency, Contracts, Torts and Criminal Law nestling under his hat who is beginning to look like “something”, as they say. Under the stern supervision of our Freshman President, Steele Kennedy, our class elections were held and when all but the shouting was over, when all candidates were hoarse, it was clear that Miles Magargel had won the Presidency, that Mason B. Bray was Vice-President, Leila Terrill, Secretary, Lorrena McClosky was in charge of the money bags and David Youngblood was again Sergeant-at-Arms. Presently the chair of President was vacated, Magargel resigning, and the position thus vacated was promptly filled by our popular Vice-President who immediately appointed Frederick Glasgow to succeed himself as Vice-President. Thus happily steered through our Junior year we have been trying hard to live up to the proverbial idea of a Junior, and have carried it oft pretty well, though One Hundred Twenty- four NATIONAL. UNIVERSITY secretly we’ve been looking forward to the time when we may adopt the serious and aloof manner of a senior. No more perfect selection could have been made for Chair- man of our Social Committee than Culver Chamberlain. Polished and capable, he has successfully headed the Freshman Mixer, the Fall Term Ball and the brilliant Junior Prom, held on April 1st at the Shoreham, which was the climax of the social activities of the class for the year. This year our professors will probably subject us to the toughest exams ever administered, but experience has shown that it is hard to down the Class of 1938. We look forward to a full roster next September and feel that this will be due in no small part to the interest and inspiration we have gained in the ancient halls of our Alma Mater. One Hundred Twenty- five THE 1937 DOCKET Book Four The Department of State T he first department of our government, and the first of importance to be established was the Department of State, under the direction of the Secre- tary of State. He is custodian of the great documents of the United States, its treaties, and all laws of Congress. He conducts correspondence between the President and the states. He proclaims the admission of new states to the union, and amendments to the constitution. He has charge of the great seal of the United States which lie affixes to all presidential orders, commissions, and proclamations. These duties concern our domestic affairs. Both in peace and in war that work is of the greatest importance, for under the Secretary of State serve all the United States representatives to foreign countries — ambassadors, ministers and consuls. These carry on the business of the United States government with the countries to which they are sent. They protect American citizens and promote American inter- ests. The State Department issues passports to all people who wish to go to foreign countries and protects them while they are abroad. The administration of the War and Navy Departments are carried on in the State, War and Navy Building. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY The Department of Treasury T he Secretary of the Treasury manages the finances of the nation. His office is unique in that, unlike the other Cabinet Members, he owes a great re- sponsibility directly to Congress. Under the direction of the Secretary of Treasury the revenue of the country is collected. After Congress passes a law laying a duty on imports, it is left to the Secretary of Treasury to collect that duty from every importer. He directs the safe keeping of money so collected. He directs its disbursement according to law. All money coined or printed by the United States government is coined or printed under the direction of the Secretary of Treasury. The Treasury Department has charge of the construction of new federal buildings, the administration of the Coast Guard, the Public Health Service, and the work of secret service agents. The Secretary of the Treasury in his reports of national finances shows to the people the state of the Treasury, the money deposited therein, the debts outstanding, the amount of taxes and the governmental expenditures. THE 1937 DOCKE ' l JAMES PATRICK GALLAGHER President , Class of 1939 NATIONAL UNIFERSIT1 Officers President James Patrick Gallagher Vice-President Powell Connor Secretary Virginia Silver Treasurer Dorothy Fluck Historian Joseph Andrews. Ill Sergeant-at-Arms Fisher Black Executive Committee Joseph Andrews, III, Chairman Regina Marie Deenihan John J. Crirn William A. Molster Constanc e C. Deenihan Social Committee Gouveneur Norman Rogers, Chairman Irene Berenter Lois J. Catloth A. H. Kempson Samuel Lerner Janet M. Leonard, Secretary Oscar A. Olsen Charles H. Parr Connie M. Petrillo Edward Daly Lawrence F. Maher Edward A. Waldmann Welfare Committee Joseph Andrews, III, Chairman Robert Taylor Hoffman Charles Everitt Hutsler Donald Leo Newton Docket Committee Robert W. Cheves, Chairman Harold B. Alderson Donald V. Potter Edward A. Waldmann One Hundred Tzventy-nine THE 1937 DOCKET History of the Class of 1939 Per Curiam : — T here assembled on September 28, 1936 in the lower Auditorium some 350 members of the Freshman Class together with many friends and upper class- men to attend the opening exercises for the scholastic year 1936-1937. Here amongst great speeches by the Chancellor, the Dean and members of the Law Faculty we were initiated as embryo attorneys to the traditions and glory of National University. Our work commenced in earnest and ’ere we had started the study of Agency and learned the “Doctrine of Estoppel” it became incumbent that as a class we should organize as such. We then proceeded with the nominations and electing of officers. The number of candidates for each office made it necessary to hold a run-off election which resulted as follows: FOR PRESIDENT William A. Monster — 109 James Patrick Gallagher — 131 FOR VICE-PRESIDENT Powell Connor — 144 Norman Rogers — 91 One Hundred Thirty NATIONAL UNIVERSITY FOR SECRETARY Harold Alderson — 105 Virginia Silver — 130 FOR TREASURER Constance Deenihan — 85 Dorothy Fluck — 151 FOR SERGEANT-AT-ARMS Hugh McCullough — 88 Fisher Black — 144 Were it not for a limited amount of space a full account of the election, the speeches, turmoil and electioneering would be gone into at detail; suffice it to say it was a political pot purri and a good time had by all. The officers selected are of the highest type and representative students. Immediately following the election President Gallagher appointed various committees most important of which was the Constitutional Committee composed of the following students: — William A. Molster, Chairman; Walter J. Turnbull, Cle- ment I. Nusbaum, Mrs. Florence M. McClouth, Bryan J. Gorden, Jack Lyon Bateli- eller, Frederick P. Hobart, Charles Everitt Hutsler, Paul V. Last and Hugh Everitt Rozelle. This committee drew up a Constitution and set of By-Laws that are to guide us through our college years. It was excellently drafted and received the unanimous approbation of the class. Pursuant to the Constitution a second election was held to name the officers of the Executive Committee and the following received the highest number of votes: — Joseph Andrews, III, Chairman, William A. Molster, Constance C. Deenihan, John J. Crim and Regina Marie Deenihan. This committee acts as an advisory board to the President as representing the thought of the entire class as a matter of expediency. As the Docket goes to press the Social Committee is working hard to make successful a Prom and get together the last Saturday of the Spring Term, May 22nd, when school will be over for most of us until next fall. This is written as our first year is drawing to a close, each and all have made many friends. We are a body united in a common bond in the study of the worlds most respected profession. We have run the gauntlet of “revocation,” “estate by the entirety,” “Patterson’s prudent Virginian,” “nemo dat quod non habet,” “mens rea,” “bonds for bloated billionnaires,” “notes by George,” “innkeepers,” “tort- feasors,” “damnum absque injuria ” and the “rule against perpetuity.” we have made a noble stride toward the monitors 70 questions, our professors have been courteous and kindly and we go forward into our Junior year with renewed hope and pros- pects. Joseph Andrews, III, Historian, Class 1939 One Hundred Thirty-one THE 1037 DOCKET Book Five The Department of Justice T he Department of Justice is under the direction of the Attorney General of the L nited States. He acts as government lawyer, advising the President and the Cabinet Members on legal questions. Recently the Department of Justice has been greatly enlarged as a result of a public demand for a concerted drive on organized crime. Congress responded to this demand by enacting laws in- creasing the number and scope of criminal offenses with which the Federal authori- ties could deal, by adding money to the annual appropriation for the Bureau of investigation, such money to be expended in the identification and apprehension of criminals. Thus the criminal division of the Department of Justice was expanded and a nation-wide war was on against kidnappers, bank robbers, racketeers and other gangsters. All this was necessitated by the failure or inability of state authorities to deal successfully with crimes which were heretofore regarded as local in character and not coming within the purview of the Federal laws, but which were committed by roving criminals knowing no state boundaries. The success of the Department of Justice in combating crime is a heritage that every American can well be proud. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY The Post Office Department P robably one of the finest services rendered by the Federal Government is that of the Post Office Department under the direction of the Postmaster General. Today mails are transported by trucks, speedboats, airplanes, railroads, and steamships. Many additional services have been added to the original service of forwarding ' letters, — such as money-orders, the parcel post service and postal sav- ings system. On the wall of this fine building you will find this beautiful ideal for the largest business in the world: “The Post Office Department in its ceaseless labor pervades every channel of commerce and every theatre of human enterprise, and while visiting, as it kindly does, every fireside, mingles with the throbbings of almost every heart in the land. In the amplitude of its beneficence it ministers to all climes and creeds and pursuits with the same eager readiness and equal fullness of fidelity. It is the delicate ear trump through which alike nations and isolate individuals whis- per their joys and their sorrows, their sympathies to all who listen to their coming.” Post Graduates THE 1937 DOCKET LOWELL WHITTIER BASSETT Washington, I). C. WILLIAM CLARENCE BREWER (Bill) Lawrenceburg, Tennessee University of California Washington College of Law Attorney, Department of Justice FRANCES CAROLYN BURGER (Fran) Schenectady, New York Washington College of Law, LL.B. Post Graduate, National University Attorney — V eteran’s Administration One Hundred Thirty-four NATIONAL UNIVERSITY MRS. CLOTILDE CAREY Nogales, Arizona National University Law School, LL.B. Veteran’s Administration WALTERN DRAKFORD DRYER Huntsville, Alabama Business Employee HE LEX GOODXER Arlington, Virginia National University Law School, LL.B. Kappa Beta Pi One Hundred Thirty- five THE 1037 DOCKE ' l ARTHUR L. LEBEL Cambridge, Massachusetts S. M. M. College, Papineauville, P. Q. Canada George Washington University Georgetown University, Bachelor of Foreign Service Translator and Interpreter, State Department RAMON 1) J. ROSENBERGER (Rosie) Asheville, North Carolina University of North Carolina, B. S. National University, L.S.B., J.D., M.P.L., S.J.D. Sigma Delta Kappa Engineer-examiner, Public Works Administration MARY L. SCHNEIDER Greeley, Iowa George Washington University Cy Pres Club Veteran’s Administration One Elundred Thirty-six NATIONAL. UNIVERSITY LEON ' LOUIS SCLAWY Brooklyn, New York Masonic Club JOHN THOMPSON TABOR Birmingham, Alabama Georgia Tech National Law School, LL.B. Phi Beta Gamma Department of Agriculture, Resettlement Admin- istration GEORGE WALKER District of Columbia Duke University National University, LL.B. District Government One Hundred Thirty-seven THE 1937 DOCKET CHARLES ALBERT WELLS Washington, D. C. National University, LL.B. Phi Beta Gamma Real Estate Title Examiner URBANO A. ZAFRA Manila, Philippines New York University, Leland Stanford Jr., University National University, LL.B. Manager, Washington Office, Philippine Sugar Association CHARLES HAROLD WE IT ZEN Baltimore, Maryland National University LL.B. Department of Agriculture One Hundred Thirty-eight NATIONAL UNIVERSITY LOUIS H. COHEN (Lou) Buffalo, New York National University, LL.B. Alpha Beta Phi U. S. Government MICHAEL COLASANTO (Mike) Waterbury, Connecticut L. L. B., L. L. M., and M. P. L. Vice-President of the Freshman Class Sigma Delta Kappa Resettlement Administration JAMES MARTIN HEILMAN B.S. in E.E. and LL.B. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania George Washington University Lehigh University Patent Examiner One Hundred Thirty-nine THE 1937 DOCKET Book Six The Department of Interior T his department was created to relieve the Department of State of many de- tails of internal affairs, the Department has enlarged recently until it is a most important governmental entity. The Secretary of Interior administers the national parks, public lands, pensions of soldiers, Indian affairs, and the reclama- tion service. One of its most important bureaus is that of education, in which bureau information as to what other progressive school systems are doing can be obtained. In recent years we have been forced to realize that it is imperative that our national resources be conserved for future generations, and it may be said that the conserva- tion of these resources has become the most important function of the Interior Department. NATIONAL UNIVERSITY The Department of Agriculture T he American farmer is a most important figure in our social and political structure as evidenced by this great departmental service to them. The far- mer benefits by the collection of facts and dissemination of information relat- ing to agriculture. The building of major interstate and intercounty roads; weather forecasting; biological and economic research; forestry; regulatory work designed to eliminate or prevent social hazards; and the grading and standardization of com- modities are among the services rendered by this department that promote our nation- al health and well-being. So efficient are the means of disseminating agricultural in- formation that it is said that where, as formerly, there was a gap of a quarter of a century between the knowledge obtained in the laboratory and the putting of it into useful farm practice, the space has been nearly closed. Radio, the press and ex- tension services, motion pictures, and exhibits all have a part in making available promptly the valuable information uncovered by experts. Economics o Government THE 1937 DOCKET The Dean’s Message T here was a time when I thought that mental brilliance was the heart of success. My views have changed. Now I think that two, at least, of the requisites for success are honesty and energy. You are graduating because you have these qualities. You have had the honesty to look squarely into the face of your future; the energy to act according to your fearless self-analy- sis. You have had the courage — a compound of these essentials — to carry thus far your legal efforts. The attorney with these qualities need have no fear of the future. Accept my sincere congratulations, Eugene Carusi NATIONAL UNIVERSITY T EUGENE CARUSI Dean of the School of Economics and, Governments THE 1937 DOCKE ' l Faculty of the School of JAMES F. COUCH Professor of Natural Science, A.B., Har- vard; A.M., Ph.D., American U. WILLIAM BOYD CRAIG Professor of English, A.B., Washington and Jefferson; A.M., George Washing- ton U. PAUL KAUFMAN Professor of Sociology, A.B., A.M., Yale; Ph.D., Harvard. HENRY LAZARD BERNARD MAYO Professor of French, College Rollin, Paris Officer d’Academie. Professor of American History, A.B., U. of Rochester; LL.B., Harvard. LEWIS ROCKOW Professor of Political Science, A.B., George Washington U.; A.M., Har- vard; Ph.D., London School of Econo- mics and Political Science. One Hundred Forty-four NATIONAL UNITERS Ti Economics and Government FREDERICK P. H. SIDDONS Professor of Bankings A.B.; U. of Wiscon- sin; LL.B. National U. EDSON L. WHITNEY Professor of Economics; A.B.; A.M., Ph.D.; Harvard; LL.B. Boston U. ; D.C.L., American U.; Litt.D.; Nation- al U. RICHARD S. FLOURNOY Instructor in International Law; LL.B.; LL.M.; George Washington U, WALTER M. BASTIAN Instructor in Elementary Law; LL.B.; Georgetown; LL.M V National U. HOWARD S. LEROY Instructor in International Relations; A.B.; U. of Rochester; LL.B., Harvard. OTIS L. MOHUNDRO Instructor in Interstate Commerce; A.B.; LL.B.; D.C.L.; National U. JOHN PAUL EARNEST Instructor in Constitutional History; A.B.; LL.B.; LL.M. One Hundred Forty- five THE 1937 DOCKET The School of Economics and Government T his branch of the University was established to meet the growing demand in the national capital among those aspiring to a business or public career, for specialized university training in economics and government. With a view of providing a carefully planned course which would be correlated with the studies offered in the Law School, in the fall of 1923 the Board of Trustees, at the instance of Chancellor Charles F. Carusi, opened this department under the name of the College of Finance and Business Administration. Its rapid expansion soon developed it into the present School of Economics and Government. The aims of the School are : ( 1 ) to give instruction to men and women primarily in Economics, History, Sociology, International Relations, and Political Science; (2) to prepare students for the domestic and foreign service of the various branches of the Government; and (3) to supply a foundation and background in the social sciences to law students and to those who have already been admitted to the Bar. EDUCATION FOR BUSINESS AND CITIZENSHIP The successful business man, using the term in its broadest sense, is a highly trained individual wdio must be a real specialist in a chosen field and must also pos- sess a foundation of general knowledge that can be obtained only by close and sysematic study. Experience is indispensable in all walks of life, but much that men, until recently, acquired by the trial and error method can be learned in the class- room, under competent instructors. The business man in order to succeed must understand not only business technique, but also social and economic phenomena, and must conduct his affairs in accordance with recognized economic and social laws, as well as with a knowledge of the governmental organization of the body politic. Therefore, a School of Eco- nomics and Government, with a properly balanced curriculum, fills a real need and affords the present and prospective business man and woman an opportunity to develop their abilities and to obtain a firm grip upon problems they are to meet in daily affairs of life. SPECIAL TRAINING FOR LAW STUDENTS In organizing the School of Economics and Government particular attention has been devoted to the needs of the Law School student body. Many members of this group are desirous of obtaining thorough collegiate training and appreciate the advantages this would give them. For such students courses are offered which are designed not only to enable them to obtain credits toward a collegiate degree, but also to obtain such instruction in the fields most helpful to the lawyer — economics and government. The work of the lawyer of today is concerned not merely with questions in- extricably mixed. Particularly is this true in Washington where by far the most lucrative practice is not before the courts, but before government departments. Constitutional questions so frequently raised in these cases are best handled by the One Hundred Forty-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY lawyer with adequate training in history and government, while in their practical aspects a knowledge of economics, finance, investments, accounting, taxation, and similar subjects is almost indispensable. Particular emphasis is laid upon the courses in economics because of the increasng opportunities for legal talent in the fields of coporation management, as trust officials of banks, and as trustees of estates. ADVANTAGES OF STUDYING AT THE NATIONAL CAPITAL To the students of economics and government, Washington offers special ad- vantages. It is the seat of the Nation’s business. Here are various departments of the Federal Government; here are formulated and debated the laws and policies which affect trade and commerce, both foreign and domestic; here are the various agencies which exert a powerful influence upon business procedure, such as the Federal Trade Commission, the Interstate Commerce Commission, the Tariff Commission, the Federal Reserve Board, the Bureau of Internal Revenue, and the Departments of Commerce, Labor and Interior. Other trade and industrial organi- zations having headquarters in this city are the United States Chamber of Com- merce, the Automobile Chamber of Commerce, Bureau of Railway Economics, Na- tional Education Association, National Geographic Society and American Federa- tion of Labor. Washington, in short, is a vast political, social and economic labora- tory to be made use of according to the energy and will of those who may profit by observing its processes at close range. The numerous museums and libraries, containing rich treasures of literary and historical material, offer unusual advantages to the research student. Chief among these is the Library of Congress, the second largest library in the world, containing more than 3,000,000 books and pamphlets. THE TEACHING STAFF In selecting its faculty the University, throughout its history, has striven to keep always in mind the elemental, yet often obscured, truth that the problem of education ultimately resolves itself into the fundamental relationship of the student and the teacher. It has constantly emphasized the paramount importance of the instructors men who in their subjects have received special academic training, who have had practical experience, and who possess, moreover, those rare attributes of personality which distinguish the real teacher from the pedant. Some of the present faculty are government specialists ; others are business executives, or practising lawyers; some are scholars engaged in research in Wash- ington. Able men of this type, many of whom have formerly served elsewhere as university teachers, give students instruction of the highest quality of excellence. It is worthy of note that many of the present teaching staff hold doctorate degrees from such graduate institutions as Harvard, Yale, Pennsylvania, Johns Hopkins, American and the London School of Economics and Political Science. One Hundred Forty-seven THE 1937 DOGKE ' I Book Seven The Department of Commerce I t works to promote our commercial interests. Like the Department of the In- terior, it performs a wide variety of services. It includes the Patent Office, the Census Bureau, the Bureau of Mines, the Bureau of Standards, the Bureau of Fisheries and others. The promotion of commerce and industry, through the dissem- ination of rapidly changing commercial information at home and abroad, through analysis of basic statistical and other data collected by the Department, through safeguarding the products of ingenuity and initiative bv patent protection, is the duty and aim of the Department of Commerce. Protection of life and property by marine and air regulations, by preparation of maps, charts and tables, by broadcasts of weather, — as well as business conditions, is among the great range of responsi- bilities of this organization. Scientific research to develop the products of industry and make them available in reliable, less expensive, and safer forms for the consumer, direct information aids to individual industries, improvement of commercial and sportsmen s fisheries, and enforcement of air and marine safety principles are some of the services rendered to specific segments of national economic order and to the United States as a whole. NA TIONAL UNIVERSITY The Department of Labor T he youngest department of our government is that of Labor, having been added in the year nineteen hundred and thirteen. Its purpose is to foster, promote and develop the welfare of wage earners and improve their working condi- tions. In this department are the important bureaus of immigration and naturaliza- tion. The first enforces the immigration laws of Congress. The Naturalization Bureau follows up the immigrant, helps him to become Americanized, and finally to be- come a nationalized citizen. The Children’s Bureau and the Women’s Bureau seek to promote the welfare of children and working women. More and more the Labor De- partment reaches out into our social structure and improves and corrects those many things that tend to make an unhappy and discontented population. This work is ever increasing and important to the general welfare of our country. Organizations THE 1937 DOCKET Sigma Nu Phi (LEGAL) JOSEPH H. CHOATE ( Alpha ) Chapter National University — Washington, 1). C. S igma nu phi Fraternity (Legal) is founded upon the honorable traditions of the ancient Order of the Coif which has influenced the legal ethics from the Twelfth Century to the present time in every land where the systems of jurisprudence is related to that of England. Fou nded at National University, Washington, 1). C. February 12, 1903, there are chapters now located at Georgetown University, Detroit College of Law, University of Southern California, University of Richmond, John B. Stetson Uni- versity, Washington College of Law, St. Louis University, Marquette University, Duke University, Temple University, Loyola, Westminister Law School (Denver), Hastings College of Law at the University of California, Vancouver Law School (Vancouver, B. C.), University of Louisville, Dequesne University, and North- western College of Law. There are alumni chapters in Washington, Detroit, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, Chicago, Richmond, St. Louis, Los Angeles, and Louisville. One Hundred Fifty NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Malcolm A. Edwards Chancellor Andrew D. Torre Master of the Rolls Officers Ingham G. Mack First Vice Chancellor Leon H. Cubberley Registrar Leon H. Markey Second Vice Chancellor John Leahy Marshall Honorary Members Hon. Dr. Charles Pergler Hon. Herbert J. Drane Hon. Oscar R. Luhring Hon. Charles E. Millikan Hon. George E. Edelin Hon. Theodore C. Bretano Hon. Jackson Ralston Faculty Alumni Members John L. Cassin William A. Coombe Calvin I. Kephart Conrad H. Godfrey L. Munter Thomas H. Paterson Frederick P. H. Siddons Syme One Hundred Fifty-one THE 1937 DOCKE ' J Officers 1937-1938 HERBERT H. McMURRAY JOHN S. KENESTRICK Chancellor First Vice-President JOHN C. VIVIAN HERMON O. BLY LESTER R. ALLISON Second Vice-President Master of Rolls Marshall Activities O n January 21, 1937, at the Choate Chapter’s annual banquet at the LaFay- ette, Dr. Charles Pergler, Dean of National University Law School, Director of Graduate Studies and Professor of Constitutional Law, and Hon. George E. Edelin, Professor of Statutory Remedies, Negotiable Instruments, Property Cases, and Associate Judge of Equity Moot Court, were made honorary members of Sigma Nu Phi Fraternity (Legal). May 2, 1936, the “May Day Dance” was held at the University Club. Nov. 7, 1936, the “Fraternity Prom” was held at the Shoreham. Nov. 21, 1936, “Smoker” at the LaFavette. These activities are truly monuments marking the progress of the fraternity during the school year. One Hundred Fifty-two NATIONAL UNIVERSITY RAY S. BRILL IRA POWELL CONNER JOHN G. COURTRIGHT HARRY L. CLENDENING DONALD S. CREAMER LEON H. CUBBERLEY LAWRENCE A. DARBY, Jr. JOHN B. DAVIS C. STEWART DOURICK WALTERN 1). DRYER EARL L. EDWARDS One Hundred Fifty-three THE 1937 DOCKET MALCOLM A. EDWARDS LAWRENCE L. EPPERSON ■JAMES L. FAIRALL JAMES S. HAYDEN G. P. H1CKENB0RTHAM MORMAN W. LAIRD JOHN LEAHY INGHAM G. MACK MILES E. MEGARGLE LEON H. MARKEY JOHN D. McKENDRICK GILES MORROW One Hundred Fifty-four NATIONAL UNIVERSITY DONALD LEO NEWTON FRANCIS C. PASCHALL NORMAN E. PRINCE PAUL M. RHOADES MELVILLE B. SHOREY JOHN J. SLATTERY WILLIAM JOSEPH SMITH BEVERLY M. THOMAS ANDREW D. TORRE DAVID TRUNDLE VANCE VERNON VAUGHN JAMES Win. WRATH ALL One Hundred Fifty-five THE 1937 DOCKET Sigma Delta Kappa MU CHAPTER This section is dedicated to the Eminent Alumni of Sigma Delta Kappa Who have been members of MU Chapter Colors — Red and Black Flower — Red Rose HONORARY MEMBERS of MU CHAPTER Havden Johnson Charles L. Lobinger Roger O’Donnell George P. Barse H. Winship Wheatley Thomas A. Yon Turin B. Boone Glenn Willett Walter M. Bastian ONE FOR ALL AND ALL FOR ONE One Hundred Fifty-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Officers ROBERT E. HILL J. CALHOUN SANDERSON Chancellor Vice-Chancellor ROBERT B. SHEARER M. EDGAR MILSTEAD REUBEN A. SANDERS Treasurer Chaplain Historian W. WAVERLY WEBB Secretary K. L. LeMAY Bailiff One Hundred Fifty-seven THE 1937 D0CKE1 DONALD AYERS JULIAN H. CARTER ALBERT G. CLARK MICHAEL COLASANTO JOHN F. CRIGLER BYRON J. FORD FRED J. GLASGOW GEORGE A. GLASGOW JAMES J. GORMAN WILLIAM M. MEDEIROS ROGER RATCLIFF CLARENCE P. TRADER One Hundred Fifty-eight NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Active Members Donald Ayres J. Lapino Robert L. Beckwith K. L. LeMay Julian H. Carter Wm. M. Medeiros Albert G. Clark M. Edgar Milstead Michael Colasanto Frank Orange John Crigler Roger Radcliff Byron F. Ford Reuben A. Sanders F. J. Glasgow J. Calhoun Sanderson George Glasgow Robert B. Shearer J ames Gorman R. Kelvin Shivers Robert E. Hill Clarence P. Trader H. V. Hoover W. Waverley Webb MU CHAPTER T he mu chapter of Sigma Delta Kappa was chartered in March 1921 and since that time has had a most enviable record. During the past year a large number of men were initiated, with the Grand Secretary attending the first initiations, and banquet, which was held in January at the Lee Hotel. In 1935 The Glenn Willett Memorial Library was established to assist mem- bers who are unable to purchase all of their text-books. In December 1936, Vice-Chancellor Sanderson attended the National Conven- tion, in Augusta, Georgia, as the official delegate of this chapter. The requisites of this fraternity are a high Christian character and scholar- ship. It is urged that the members take an active interest in the general student ac- tivity as well as those of the alumni. The members of MU suffered a great loss in the death of Dr. Hayden John- son, in the spring of 1936. Dr. Johnson was greatly interested in the welfare, and work of the fraternity as well as being an active member. One Hundred Fifty-nine THE 1937 D0CKE7 S igma delta kappa had its inception at the University of Michigan in 1914, and during the past twenty-three years more than 8,500 members have been initiated into the bonds of Christian brotherhood. It has been termed by Banta’s Greek Exchange as the “fastest growing pro- fessional Greek Letter Fraternity in the country”. Its officers have been young men who have taken an active part in building up the organization to the place it now holds in the collegiate world. It has chapters from New York to San Francisco, and Michigan to Texas with alumni in every state of the Union, and many foreign countries. One Hundred Sixty NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Phi Beta Gamma National Legal Fraternity BETA CHAPTER National University, Washington, D.C. Chartered 1924 Phi Beta Gamma was founded in 1922 at Georgetown University in Washing- ton, D.C. Since that time it has expanded until it now embraces a good cross-section of the law schools of the country. UNDERGRADUATE CHAPTERS Alpha Georgetown University, Washington, D.C. Beta National University, Washington, D.C. Gamma Minnesota College of Law, Minneapolis, Minnesota Delta St. Paul College of Law, St. Paul, Minn. Zeta Loyola University, New Orleans, La. Theta Jefferson College of Law, Louisville, Ky. Iota University of Baltimore, Baltimore, Md. Kappa University of Miami, Miami, Florida ALUMNI CHAPTERS Washington, D.C. Minneapolis, Minnesota St. Paul, Minnesota New Orleans, Louisiana Baltimore, Maryland ACTIVE MEMBERS Earl G. Spiker Alland M. Sanders John T. Tabor George R. Keiferle Thomas O’Neil Jerry O’Neil H. G. Johnson Clarke One Hundred Sixty-one William E. Day C. C. Crowley Bryant H. Davies Matthew T. Sawtelle Jesse F. Nicholson Thomas K. Niles Oscar R. Nesvig Conway THE 1937 DOCKET Officers JOHN A. WYNN Chief Justice ROBERT L. CHANEY Associate Justice WALTER F. PALMER Clerk CHARLES A. WELLS Chancellor DAVID YOUNGBLOOD Bailiff One Hundred Sixty-two NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Honorary Members HON. JUSTICE CHARLES H. ROBB United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia HON. JUSTICE JENNINGS BAILEY HON. JUSTICE PEYTON GORDON Associate Justice, United States District Court for the District of Columbia Associate Justice, United States District Court for the District of Columbia One Hundred Sixty-three THE H3 7 DOCKET H. G. JOHNSON CLARK CONWAY C. C. CROWLEY WILLIAM E. DAY GEORGE R. KIEFERLE JESSE F. NICHOLSON OSCAR R. NESVIG JERRY O’NEIL THOMAS O’NEIL ALLAND M. SANDERS EARL G. SPIKEll JOHN T. TABOR THOMAS K. NILES MATTHEW T. SAWTELLE BRYANT II. DAVIS One Hundred Sixty-four NATIONAL UNITERS ITT National University Masonic Club Affiliated With Masonic Clubs of America T he National University Masonic Club, founded upon the fundamental princi- ples and teaching of Free Masonry, came into being about sixteen years ago and was comprised of about twenty members. Since then it lias made active strides toward the fulfillment of its perpetual duties. In 1923, the late Charles Francis Carusi placed at its disposal two full scholar- ships in the school of law, to be awarded by the club to worthy Master Masons who were unable to pay the necessary tuition. The club furnishes free the required books to these students. Through the courtesy and understanding of the late Chancellor Hayden John- son and Brother Dean Charles Pergler the Fraternity awards two tuition scholar- ships in the school of Economics and Government and with the assistance of the Advisory Board of the Masonic Clubs of the District of Columbia it furnishes five book scholarships to worthy students in the study of law. One Hundred Sixty-five THE 1937 DOCKE ' J Officers M. EDGAR MILSTEAD President JULIAN H. CARTER Secretary WALTER S. BROADDUS Vice-President RAY S. BRILL 2nd Vice-President RALEIGH R. BAUM DONALD S. CREAMER Treasurer Marshall GEORGE WALTER SMITH RALPH R. FOSTER Almoner Herald One Hundred Sixty-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY FRED J. ABEL R. DONALD AYERS ALBERT G. CLARK VERNON R. DORMAN M. J. KIBLER HERBERT H. McMURRAY OSCAR R. NESVIG F. C ALTON PASCHALL ROGER RATCLIFF LEON S. SC LAW Y R. KELVIN SHIVERS CLARENCE P. TRADER One Hundred Sixty-seven THE 1037 DOCKET Active Members Fred J. Abel Kenneth Creswell M. J. Kibler Lehron Ard Alfred J. Dickerson M. Edgar Milstead R. Donald Ayers Vernon R. Dorman Herbert H. McMurray A. Ernest Bartz Simon Epstein Oscar R. Nesvig Raleigh R. Baum Ralph R. Foster F. Calton Paschall Ray S. Brill Stanley H. Gaines Roger Ratcliff Walter S. Broaddus Kenneth B. Hamilton Leon S. Sclawy vJulian H. Carter Philip Herman R. Kelvin Shivers J. W. Clagett F. H. Hewlett Philip Smith Albert G. Clark Alfred Hockley John C. Spearman Orrin B. Cox Locke R. Humbert Merton A. Tevyaw Donald S. Creamer Charles R. Jones Clarence R. Trader Life Members Robert L. Beckwith Edwin D. Detwiler Charles M. Schwab Charles R. Bell Sam Houston David Simon Daniel F. Boone Charles B. Parker Wayne Trimble John Cabot White Honorary Members Walter M. Bastian Alvin W. Hall Julius I. Peyser Turin B. Boone Everett F. Haver aft Theodore D. Peyser John A. Campbell Henry C. Keene Hon. Charles H. Robb C. C. Carlin J. Claude Keiper George Walter Smith Hon. Nathan Cav ton Hon. Charles Lobinger Hon. Milton Strasburger Louis A. Dent Allen MacCulleri Conrad H. Syme Gratz E. Dunkum Godfrey L. Munter Lvnn H. Troutman Dr. George E. Edelin Charles Melvin Neff Fredrick Juehhoff Bertrand E. Emerson Roger O’Donnell John B. Keelier Hon. Peyton Gordon Dr. Charles Pergler Hon. Theodore Rislev One Hundred Sixty-eight NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Alpha Beta Phi Legal Fraternity ALPHA CHAPTER Incorporated Under The Laics of The District of Columbia, 1923 A s regards the study of law, the field of law, and the opportunities in law, we of Alpha Beta Phi have continually striven, through direction, guidance and program, to avoid the bare idealism which is so characteristic of many fra- ternal organizations, and to achieve for ourselves, concrete, lasting and beneficial results. It is quite obvious that the students attending Law School under the exacting conditions and circumstances as do the majority of those attending National Univer- sity have but little time to devote to extra-curricular activities, resultingly making it incumbent upon any group or organization which would monopolize such valuable time, to offer greater benefits to the individual than could be achieved elsewhere. It is because of these problems that have faced us in the past and which shall again face us in the future that every member of this organization looks upon Alpha Beta Phi as a natural and substantial part of his Law School career, as an active, bene- ficial organization, which serves its purpose as surely as do the various subjects composing the curriculum. It is for these reasons that during the fourteen years of its existence, Alpha Beta Phi has continuously striven to keep abreast with the rapid- ly changing concepts of government and law ; we have realized the growing impor- tance of allied education in addition to that strictly along legal lines; we are aware of the essential necessity of a good speaking voice, and the ability to talk extempor- aneously and cogently; nor have we underestimated the vital importance of good health as a pre-requisite to the successful study and pursuit of our chosen profession. These activities, and others equally difficult to cover to any degree in school, we have sought by various appropriate means to bring home to ourselves, looking toward a well-rounded law school career. We have and will always encourage a respect for age and experience generally and in the law particularly, willing to learn from those whose feet have trodden the path long before ours; we will continue to en- courage a lively discussion of moot questions, our annual competitive debates and essay contests which tend to develop a higher degree of legal ability; we will con- tinue to conduct a moderate program of social events and seasonal athletic activi- ties, providing valuable relaxation for body and mind. That our plan has proven a good one is demonstrated by the high type of lawyers that now represent this or- ganization and the bonds of close friendship and sympathetic understanding that has grown up among us all. Our organization represents the attachment which grows naturally upon those to whom the study of the law is a source of ever-increasing enjoyment, composed of men who have sought to reinforce their legal education by alignment with others of a common purpose. And that common purpose is the desire to someday, step before the bar, trustworthy attorneys, respected by the courts, a source of honor to our families, our school and our botherhood. One Hundred Sixty-nine THE 1937 DOCKET Officers 1936-1937 HARRY WILLIAM GOLDBERG Chief Justice NATHAN RUBENSTEIN Associate Justice SAUL ABRAMS Chaplain MILTON JEKOFSKY Sheriff SAMUEL TANNENBAUM Serg eant-at-A rms MAX L. SHULMAN SAUL J. MINDEL DAVID SAIDMAN Trustees Honorary Members Judge Milton Strasburger Judge Milton Strasburger Alvin Newmeyer Isidore Hershfield One Hundred Seventy NATIONAL UNIVERSITY MORRIS BENSON LOUIS COHEN ARTHUR Jf FINKELSTEIN ISRAEL H. GORDON HAROLD J. MINCOSKY M. PUMPS JOSEPH RAPPAPORT ABE RASNEH BENJAMIN ROSSNER R. J. SIMON LEON STEIN One Hundred Seventy-one THE 1037 DOCKET Richard H. Alvey Debating Society T he Alvey Legal Debating Society continued on its march to success in the debating field for the third year and its latest success was just recorded by a unanimous victory over the Freshman Debating Team. The subject of the debate was “Resolved that the Constitution of the United States be so amended as to permit a reenactment of the N. R. A. in principle.” The Alvey Society was repre- sented by David Trundle, Donald Mitchell, Harry Clendenning and Leila Terrill, alternate. Not only did our representatives win the debate but Mr. Trundle was crowned as the best speaker. For three successive years the Alvey Society has won unanimous decisions over all opponents. The following officers were elected for year 1936-1937. President, Giles Mor- row; 1st Vice-President, James S. Hayden; 2nd Vice-President, Ilene Crigler ; Sec- retary, Leila Terrill; Treasurer, John S. Kenestrick; Sergeant-at-Arms, Joe Under- wood; Historian, Marion Poole. Through the past year great enjoyment and much benefit has been derived by our association. The purpose of the Society is to further the art of debating among the student body and to participate in inter-collegiate de- bates. Through the able leadership of our President we have furthered our purpose and are now ready to hand over the torch to succeeding enthusiasts of debating. May they continue in our footsteps, accomplishing even greater things, bearing the ban- ner of Alvey Legal Debating Society to the heights of Success. Marion E. Poole Historian MEMBERS Ingham Mack, Cecil M. Roeder, Ilene Crigler, Marion E. Poole, Stanley B. Rider, James S. Hayden, John S. Kenestrick, Leila Terrill, Claire Ducker, David Trundle, Harry Clendenning, John Crigler, William Mitchell, Ernst Juergeson Kermit Williams, Mr. Lummel, Mr. Gianaris, Reuben A. Sanders. One Hundred Seventy-tzvo NATIONAL UNIVERSITY The Simon Bolivar Club “AME A SU VECINO COMO SE AMA A SI MISMO” By Ignacio Ricardo Baca, President N ational University Law School has graduated many Latin-Americans of the Western Hemisphere whose legal attainments in their respective countries have injected a newer sense of pride in the blood of our people. We are just- ly proud of them, especially since the recent Montevideo Conference where their efforts were largely responsible for the better understanding that exists today among the peoples of the Americas. It is the purpose of the founders of this Club to implant the seeds of Good Will in every University attended by students of Hispanic descent so that we can all join forces in bringing about the realization of the ideals fostered by the immor- tal South American Liberator. One Hundred Seventy-three THE 1937 DOCKET Officers IGNACIO RICARDO BACA President JUAN RIVERA RUIZ Vice-President MIGUEL ALONZO RIVERA JAIME FRANC PAGANACCI Treasurer Public Relations HERM IN 10 MIRANDA SEGUNDO Secretary One Hundred Seventy four NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Kappa Beta Pi Legal (. International ) Sorority T wenty-nine years ago Kappa Beta Pi, the first legal sorority for women, was founded at Chicago-Kent College of Law, Chicago, Illinois. It was incorpor- ated under the laws of Illinois, on December 15, 1908, a date which is an- nually celebrated by all Kappas. A pioneer also in the international field, Kappa Beta Pi was the first Greek-letter organization to establish a chapter in a foreign land. The aims of the Sorority are high and worthy: to encourage the study of law by women; to bind together in a spirit of good fellowship those women who have adopt- ed law as their profession; to maintain a high standard of scholastic achievement, and to raise the standard whenever possible ; and to practice the highest code of legal ethics, and encourage others to do so. Each of the student chapters fosters high scholastic attainments in a concrete way by the presentation of awards for academic achievements. Today there are forty-six student chapters in this country and abroad, as well as eight alumnae chapters. Our membership circles the globe, with Kappas in ac- tive practice in China, South Africa and Brazil, as well as in many of the countries on the continent of Europe, and the British Isles. Omicron Chapter at National University dates its existence from May 31, 1921, when its charter was granted, making it the second chapter in the city of Washington. Since that time it has grown in size as well as in accomplishments, and is proud to count among its members many who are engaged in active legal work here and else- where. Among the many distinguished jurists and lawyers on Kappa’s rolls may be mentioned Florence E. Allen, judge of the United States Circuit Court of Appeals, who holds the highest judicial office ever occupied by a woman, and Genevieve Cline, judge of the United States Customs Court. Omicron’s own Ellen K. Raedv, judge of the Municipal Court of the District of Columbia, and Hazel Palmer, assistant pro- secutor in Missouri, are well known to National University. Others whose abilities have been publicly recognized by judicial appointments are Sarah Tilghman Hughes, judge of the Circuit Court, Dallas Texas; Justine Wise Tulin, Domestic Relations Court Judge, New York; Judge Cecil B. Weiner, Children’s Court of Erie County, and the following Municipal Court judges: Theresa Meikle, San Francisco; Ida May Adams, Los Angeles; Mary B. Grossman and Lillian M. Westropp of Cleve- land, Ohio. One Hundred Seventy- five THE 1937 DOCKET Officers MARGARET EARLEY Dean GLENNA CROWDER Associate Dean LEEFA D. TREASE Recording Registrar MARION CARR HELEN GOODNER Cor res pondi tig R egistra r Chancellor MARION E. POOLE Marshall One Hundred Seventy-six NATIONAL UNIVERSITY MADELINE ALBER GEORGIA L. ALEXANDER A. LUELLA ALL VIRGINIA D. ANGLE EDITH M. BOYLE BERNICE BOOKE LOUISE COLLIER VERNA ILENE CRIGLER ROSE DOYLE HELEN D. GIBB MYRTLE HELM MARGARET HENDERSON WANDA HOBBS FLORENCE HORIGAN BERNICE JAY One Hundred, Seventy-seven THE 1937 DOCKET H. LOUISE LOVELESS NELLIE McMICHAEL ANNA L. MOULTON CATHERINE MYERS EDNA MAE NANCE ALICE POLING FRANCES RATCLIFF KATHERINE L. RAE CECIL M. ROEDER OMA BATTAILE SCOTT M. THAIS SPENCER ABB IE TAYLOR VIRGINIA WRAASE SARA MERO WILLIAMS MARION WYVELL One Hundred Seventy-eight XATIOXAL UXIFERSITl Honorary Members Burxita Sheltox Matthews. . Dr. Bertha Lutz .... Dr. Eugexia Lekkerer Active Members Madeleine Alber H. Louise Loveless Georgia L. Alexander Dorothy Malone A. Luella All Anna L. Moulton Virginia D. Angle Catherine Myers Bernice Booke Lorrena McClosky Edith M. Boyle Lucy McLaren Leita Burke Nellie McMichael Marion Carr Edna Mae Nance Mary C ' avis Hazel H. Philbrick Muriel Christgau Alice Poling Louise Collier Marion E. Poole erna Ilene Crigler Frances Ratcliff Glenna Crowder Willa Jordan Reed irginia Crowder era W. Rhine Catherine Daley Cecil Roeder Rose Doyle Jane Rouse Margaret H. Earley Oma Battaile Scott Lorena H. Galbraith Louise R. Smethurst Helen D. Gibb Helen Goodner M. Thais Spencer Elizabeth J. Statton Myrtle Helm Kathryn Swiger Margaret Henderson Leefa D. Trease Eunee J. Hessick Vesta Vail Wanda Hobbs Margaret Valgren Florence Horigan Sara Mero Williams Bernice Jay Nina Worthington Elizabeth Lipscomb irginia Wraase Marion Wyvell One Hundred Seventy-nine THE 1937 DOCKET The Cy Pres Club Founders Jane Elizabeth Newton Anna M. Lombard Donna M. Davis Jenette Wilensky T he Cy Pres Club enjoyed one of the most successful years it has had since the idea of such an organization crystalized and the club created in 1920 by six women students. This exclusively feminine organization has become an integral part of the University and the social events under its sponsorship are an- ticipated events of the school year. At the beginning of the scholastic year the election of officers was held. It was presided over by Elizabeth Lipscomb, president of the Cy Pres Club during 1935- 1936. Marion Poole, who had served the club the year previous as chairman of the social committee was elected president by acclamation. The confidence placed in her by the club members has been more than justified by her energetic and imagina- tive leadership. During this year the traditional events of the Cy Pres Club, two breakfasts and the Washington Birthday Banquet, were enjoyed by the members and their guests. At the first breakfast, held on the Sunday following the first term examina- tions, the guests of honor were Pearl Bellman Klien, who delivered a most interest- ing and enjoyable talk, and Judge Ellen K. Ready, an honorary member of the Cy Pres. The Cy Pres Banquet, held every year on Washington’s Birthday was, this year, a particularly enjoyable affair. The members of the committees arranged an exceptionally clever program in which the faculty participated. Under the title of ‘Major Boner’s Hour”, the professors recounted experiences that were illustrative in a negative way of the perfect attorney. The guests of honor at the spring breakfast which took place at the end of the year were the members of the Cy Pres Club who were about to graduate. The purpose of the Cy Pres Club is to further the study of law by creating a unity among the women students of National University that is based upon a develop- ment of their common interests through friendly understanding and comradeship. It makes available to the women of National University, through extra-curricular activities, a knowledge of law that cannot be obtained in the lecture hall. Its en- thusiastic members agree that in the past year the Cy Pres Club has well served its purpose. Margaret Talty Reporter One Hundred Eighty NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Officers MARION E. POOLE President RUTH ELLIS Vice-President MRS. CHARLES F. CARUSI Patroness Vice Chancellor of National University and Widow of the late Chancellor and Dean Charles Francis Carusi JANE ROUSE Secretary MARGARET TALTY Reporter BERNICE JAY T reasurer RUTH MARVICK Sergeant-at-Arms One Hundred Eighty-one THE 1937 D0CKE7 DOLORES ABELLERA MADELEINE ALBER CELE AZAROW CLARA BARTZ GENEVIEVE BAUGH SYLVIA BON NETT CLOTHILDE B. CAREY ILENE CRIGLER ANGELA DARBY ALENE DE AKINS STELLE D. ELIADES MARY GONSALVES MINNIE HANKS MABEL HANSON One Hundred Eighty-two NATIONAL UNIVERSITY MYRTLE HELMS WANDA HOBBS LUCILLE HOLLAND MARGARET R. JORDAN CECELIA KAISER JANET LEONARD EVELYN LINDGREN LORRENA McCLOSKY FLORENCE McLOUTH NELLIE McMICHAEL EDNA MAE NANCE CATHERINE OS SEN BAUGH CATHERINE M. OTT SALLY B. PRESLEY One Hundred Eighty-three THE 1937 D0CKE7 CONNIE PETRILLO ZULAII M. PURVIS FRANCES RATCLIFF RUTH RICE CLARA K. ROCHE CECIL ROEDER IDA SAHN NATALIE SCHNEIDER SHIRLEY SILVER VIRGINIA SILVER EMILY L. STEWART LEILA TERRILL LEEFA D. TREASE IRENE WRIGHT HELEN WYNN One Hundred Eighty-four and nine alumnae chapters. Phi Delta Delta also has a number of foreign associ- ates. There are four chapters of Phi Delta Delta in Washington, D. C. : Zeta, George Washington University; Beta, Washington College of Law; Alpha Lambda, National University Law School; and an Alumnae Chapter. Many Phi Delta Deltas have been publicly recognized for their achievements in the legal profession. Some of the nationally known members are: Mrs. Mabel Walker Willebrandt, form er Assistant Attorney General of the United States, and Honorary President of Phi Delta Delta; Hon. Ruth Bryan Owen, former United States Minister to Denmark; Dr. Emma Wold, former Technical Advisor to the United States delegation at The Hague Conference of International Law; Hon. An- nabelle Matthews, former member of the United States Board of Tax Appeals; Hon. Mary O’Toole, former Judge of Municipal Court, Washington, D. C. ; Miss Grace B. Knoeller, Chief, Procedure Division, Alcohol Tax Unit, Treasury Department; Hon. Georgia Bullock, Judge of the Superior Court of California, and a charter member of Phi Delta Delta; Hon. Emma Fall Schofield, Judge First District of Eastern Middlesex, Massachusetts; Mrs. Dora Shaw Heffner, Chief Counsel for the Southern California Legal Aid Clinic; Hon. Fay Bentley, Judge of Juvenile Court, Washington, I). C. ; Hon. Sara Soffel, Judge Municipal Court, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Hon. Edith N. Atkinson, Former Juvenile Court Judge of Dade County, Florida; Mrs. Jean Nelson Penfield, prominent attorney in New York City; Miss Isabel Darlington, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, attorney and author; Miss Florence Selander, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Past National President of Phi Delta Delta and Secretary of the Minneapolis Bar Association. One Hundred Eighty-five THE 1937 DOCKET Alice K. Kieferle President Officers Jane Madore Wesson Vice-President and Treas. Helen Gauker Chancellor Edna Mae Miller Registrar Will Nash Campbell Reporter Ruth Ellis Chaplain Leda C. Amidon A. Barbara Bartels Emma Bauer Rosalia D. Bigos Elizabeth C. Buchanan Elizabeth P. Buchanan Mildred M. Burke Will Nash Campbell E. Louise Chandler E. Louise Chandler Elizabeth A. Cook Carol Cox Cathrine Edmondson Ruth Ellis Hejen Gauker Doris Goodall Members Lillian Hauf Alice E. Kieferle Dorothy Korte Evelyn Lindgren Mary B. Manning Edna Mae Miller Marguerite E. Morris Mary B. Nelson Beatrice D. Offutt Bess Phelan Kathryne Pickett Julia Slear Beth Spooner Jean Stephenson Al-Va Tucker Jane M. Wesson One Hundred Eighty -six NATIONAL UNITERS ITT Roll Of Chapters Alpha University of Southern California Beta Washington College of Law Delta University of Oregon Epsilon University of Washington Zeta George Washington University Eta Portia School of Law Theta University of Kansas Iota Vanderbilt University Kappa Washburn College Lambda University of Pittsburgh Nu Brooklyn Law School, St. Lawrence University Xi Northwestern College of Law Omicron Dickinson School of Law Pi Western Reserve University Rho John B. Stetson University Tau Temple University Sigma Buffalo University Law School Upsilon Williamett University Phi University of Colorado Chi Duquesne University Psi Kansas City School of Law Omega Vancouver Law School Alpha Alpha Fordham University School of Law Alpha Beta University of Cincinnati College of Law Alpha Delta University of Maryland Alpha Epsilon Minnesota College of Law Alpha Zeta Loyola University Alpha Eta University of S. D., School of Law Alpha Theta Loyola University, St. Vincent College of Law Alpha Iota University of Louisville, School of Law Alpha Kappa Detroit City Law School Alpha Lambda National University School of Law Alpha Mu Columbia University Law School One Hundred Eighty-seven THE 1037 DOCKET Alpha Nu Alpha Xi Alpha Omicron Alpha Pi Alpha Rho Alpha Sigma Alpha Tau Alpha Epsilon Alpha Phi Alphi Chi Alpha Psi Alpha Omega Beta Alpha Beta Beta Beta Gamma Boston Alumnae Chapter Cleveland Alumnae Chapter Cincinnati Alumnae Chapter Kansas City Alumnae Chapter . . . Los Angeles Alumnae Chapter . . New York City Alumnae Chapter San Francisco Alumnae Chapter. . Washington Alumnae Chapter . . . Cleveland Law School University of Indianapolis Tulsa Law School University of Utah St. John ' s College School of Law University of Mich. Law School Yale University School of Law St. Louis University School of Law University of Miami . . Law School of University of Memphis St. Paul College of Law Law School of Louisiana State University Southwestern University University of California University of Mississippi Boston, Mass. Cleveland, Ohio Cincinnati, Ohio Kansas City, Mo. Los Angeles, Calif. New York City, N. Y. San Francisco, Calif. Washington, D. C. One Hundred Eighty-eiglit NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Iota Tau Tau National Legal Sorority Founded at Southwestern University, Los Angeles, California November 11 , 1925 XI Chapter Installed at National University April, 1935 Sponsors Mrs. Charles F. Carusi Col. Julius I. Peyser Legal Adviser Judge Nathan Cavton Officers Ethel Ginberg, Dean Ester Gerber, Vice-Dean Lucy R. Carter, Chapter Advisor Active Dolly L. Butler Mildred Coray Lucy R. Carter Olivine Fortier Ida Taxin Fox Ester Gerber Ethel Ginberg Rachel Racoosin, Secretary Sophie Bookoff Lyman, Treasurer Olivine Fortier, Historian Members Pearl April Katzman Elsie N. Jones Sophie Bookoff Lyman Rachel Racoosin Edith Turner Mary Jo Wilier Irene Zaecaro Lena Hyatt Litvin One Hundred Eighty-nine THE 1937 DOCKET RACHEL RAC 00 SIN ETHEL GIN BERG SOPHIE B. LYMAN ANN DESKIN LUCY R. CARTER ESTHER GERBER ELSIE JONES PEARL A. KATZ MAN IDA W El SB L ATT IDA TAXEN FOX MARY JO WILLER One Hundred Ninety NATIONAL UNIVERSITY The Philippine Columbians Leon D. Frigillana President Mateo L. Mamaril Vice President Dolores L. Abellera Secretary Urbano Zafra Treasurer L. Valido Dagdagan Member Gregorio Quijano Member Bibiano Bitanga Member Crispino T. Tanyoan Member W e are soon to leave the halls of our beloved Alma Mater. Before we do so, it behooves us to bid her fond farewell, and also express our profound gratitude to the Faculty under whose guiding hands we have been in- tellectually ushered to the ultimate pursuit of our educational objective. As members of the Philippine Columbians of the National University, it will be an unfriendly gesture on our part if we do not acknowledge with due acclaim the fruitful and pleasant association we have had witli the Student Body,— fruitful because we have learned a great deal of the refinements and ideals of American youth, — pleasant because in our contacts we have cemented the bonds of good fellowship and true friendship. As we go forth from this great institution of learning, let us not forget that we have a solemn duty to perform. As young citizens of our country we are bound to be her leaders tomorrow. We have been schooled and nurtured under the bless- ings of American institutions. It therefore remains our sublime duty to help provide the youth of our native land with the learning thus acquired to the end that the welfare of our country will be materially enhanced. The first year of the Commonwealth transition period has just ended. The achievements during that past trial term are indications that spell success for the future Philippine Republic. Our people have no fear whatsoever of impending consequences. They have confidence in their ability to manage their own domestic affairs and an unshakable faith in Filipino statesmanship to conduct their foreign relations through the channels of intelligent diplomacy. In less than nine years, as provided for by Law (Public Act No. 127, Approved March 24, 1934), we hope to inaugurate the glorious advent of Philippine Independence. And, when that glor- ious day comes, it will mark the historical realization of America’s magnanimous promise, — the redemption of Filipino freedom. The whole world will then witness the full-grown flower of American democracy and civilization in the Orient Seas which will bloom in posterity from the barren hills of the Batanes to the palm clad shores of Jolo. Leon Diaz Frigillana President One Hundred Ninety-one THE 1937 DOCKET Officers and Members I-EON D. FRIGILLANA DOLORES L. ABELLERA President Se ere tar y URBANO ZAFRA CRISPINO T. TANYOAN BIBIANO BITANGA Treasurer Member Member One Hundred Ninety-two NATIONAL VNIVERSITl Class Reflections I N September, 1934, we who stand today as the Class of 1937 began an associ- ation which has been pleasant in memory, profitable in experience, and en- lightening by virtue of hard work, extreme patience, and constant persistence. From almost every State in the Union, we came, to the number of five hundred, bearing with us an equal number of individual opinions as to the requirements for becoming a successful lawyer and the best method of acquiring the necessary educa- tion before our final tilt with the bar examiners. Knowing that a group cannot exist as a unit without a common rule, we first concerned ourselves with class organization. Amid flowery oratory and frank ribald- ry, shouts of glee, and groans of disappointment, class officers were elected and our constitution was adopted, on the basis of which (or in spite of which) we have continued through three years of law school. During the years that we have met, night after night, both in class rooms and in “cramming” sessions, there has grown within us not only an ever increasing know- ledge of the law, but a deep appreciation of the friendships formed and a feeling of admiration for the endeavor of each of us, in his individual way, to improve his position in life and to become a credit to the profession he has chosen as his own. In order that our brows might not become permanently lined from serious contemplation of the mysteries of the law, we have descended from stern dignity to happy frivolity at parties sponsored by the various organizations at National, be- ginning, in our Freshman year, with an informal “get-together” at the Hayloft, and climaxing, in a burst of glory, with the Senior Prom at the Mayflower Hotel. Though at times we have felt the road was unending, we feel that the reward of our efforts is now at hand; the hope of this reward has been the incentive which has urged us on, precept by precept, to the summit of our goal. As we stand at graduation, before the sacred portals through which we must pass before we may enter upon the pursuit of our career, we view in retrospection the road over which we have traveled. Long hours of toil and weariness fade into insignificance; we remember only the knowledge acquired, the inspiration gained, and the cherished associations formed in our years at National University. It is our hope and prediction that this Class of 1937 will have a fair repre- sentation in the future government of our Nation, and that a few of us, at least, will have a place in National University’s “Hall of Fame.” Myrtle Helm Class Historian One Hundred Ninety-three THE 1937 DOCKET - The Doctrine Of Separation Of Powers This Treatise teas written for the Docket by Dr. Charles Pergler, D.C.L., LL.D.j Statesman, Diplomat, Educator. The Editor T he doctrine of separation of powers is as old as expositions of the science of government. So we find Aristotle speaking of departments of government when he declares that “the first of these is the public assembly; the second, the officers of the State; the third, the judicial department’’. Polybius sees the great merit of the Roman political organization in what he considered its checks and balances. If the concept for a time disappeared, the cause lies in the downfall of the Roman republic and, quite later of course, the period of absolutism which fol- lowed feudalism, when, for that matter, all power was lodged in the hands of feudal lords. The revival of the idea appears as early as the 16th century, however, when the Frenchman Bodin pleads for administration of justice by independent courts. Later both the Englishman Locke and the Frenchman Montesquieu argue for a sep- aration of powers, and Blackstone particularly sees in this principle a guarantee of liberty. Due to the influence of the jurists referred to, especially of Montesquieu, the framers of American Constitutions, state and federal, were familiar with the princi- ple of separation of powers and most, if not all of them, were firm believers in its validity and usefulness. A factor of equal importance undoubtedly was colonial ex- periences, especially frequent clashes of colonial legislatures with royal governors. The Constitution of the United States does not in so many words provide for a separation of the departments, vet the division is established quite effectively by the declaration that “all legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States”; that “the executive Power shall be vested in a Pres- ident of the United States of America”; and that “the judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish”. This clearly means that each department shall exercise only those powers entrusted to it by the Constitution and may not trespass upon the powers of other governmental branches except as this is e ' xpressly permitted by the fundamental law by way of what may be considered exceptions. Some of the State Constitutions are even more explicit in establishing the principle of separation of powers, and we find it declared in certain state con- stitutions even before the adoption of the Constitution of the United States. Thus the Constitution of Georgia of 1777 contained the provision that “the legislative, executive and judiciary departments shall he separate and distinct, so that neither exercise the powers properly belonging to the other”. In view of the provisions of the federal fundamental law it was inevitable that the problem of separation of powers should arise in a number of cases before the federal courts and ultimately reach the Supreme Court of the United States. In the leading case of Kilbourn vs. Thompson (103 U. S. 168, 26 L. Ed. 377) the Supreme One Flundrcd Ninety-four NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Court declared that “it is believed to be one of the chief merits of the American system of written constitutional law, that all powers intrusted to government, wheth- er state or national, are divided into three grand departments, the executive, the legislative, and the judicial’ . In that case it was ruled that no general power of inflicting punishment by the Congress of the United States is granted by the Consti- tution, and therefore a witness, upon whom punishment was imposed for refusing to testify and produce certain papers before a congressional committee investigating the settlement of the affairs of a bankrupt firm, was entitled to recover for false arrest against the Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Representatives who acted pur- suant to a resolution which was held to be in excess of Congressional powers. In that case it was of course decided that the matter was one into which the House of Representatives had no jurisdiction to inquire; but the question was left open wheth- er the power did exist in so far as necessary to enable either House of Congress to exercise successfully their function of legislation. Later it was positively held, however, that power to secure needed information in order to exercise the legislative function effectively is an attribute of the power to legislate, or, as the Supreme Court expressed the principle, “that the power of in- quiry — with powers to enforce it — is an essential and appropriate auxiliary to the legislative function”. (McGrain vs. Daugherty, 273 U. S. 135, 71 L. Ed. 580). That power to legislate, entrusted by the Constitution to a legislative body, cannot be delegated may be called a constitutional truism, and the principle requires little more than a statement. It is simply an assertion of the maxim delegata potes- tas non potest delegari found in the law of agency and widely applied in the con- struction of constitutions, both federal and state. The more difficult question is, What is legislative power? Elsewhere the writer had opportunity to point out that “the essence of legislation is the declaration and creation of standards, rules, norms. It is the creation of Law. A German jurist defines it as ‘ a declaration of the domi- nant social organism (the state) by which a legal standard is created or imposed’ (Gareis). Everything else may be, and should be, entrusted to the administrative branch of the government. A legislative body is extremely unwise if it goes beyond its legitimate function, and it is this which frequently makes for trouble in a de- mocracy and gives rise to charges of inefficiency and that it is slow and cumbersome.” (World Affairs for December, 1936). In order to carry out congressional policy, it has been found necessary to en- trust discretionary powers to administrative commissions and executive officers, but of course within defined limits. If such limits are defined and if Congress does es- tablish a general rule for the guidance of administrative and executive officials, such powers are not considered an improper delegation of legislative functions. An out- standing example of this practice is the power of the Interstate Commerce Commis- sion to fix reasonable rates for interstate passenger and merchandise traffic after adequate notice and hearing. The rule is almost one of practical necessity because, manifestly, Congress is not in a position to determine every rate, and so to require in such and other cases would literally make government impossible. (Interstate Commerce Commission vs. Goodrich Transit Co., 224 U. S. 194, 56 L. Ed. 729). On similiar grounds, too, the Supreme Court has sustained the so-called flexible tariff ' law under which, upon proper investigation, the President bv proclamation may in- crease or decrease any rate or duty necessary to equalize differences in costs of pro- One Hundred Ninety-five THE 1937 DOCKET duction in the United States and the principal competing country in a given indus- trial field. (J. W. Hampton Co. vs. United States, 276 U. S. 394, 72 L. Ed. 624). It is only recently that questions of delegation of legislative power have come to the fore in the field of constitutional law in a manner requiring much considera- tion by the courts and the members of the Bar. This is obviously due to the expan- sion of governmental functions in meeting economic and social problems, and it is to be expected that in the future lawyers will be forced to wrestle with the issue much more than heretofore. It is a problem of government in the broad sense and not mere- ly of constitutional law in the narrower meaning. Waste of natural resources has led not only the federal government, but also a number of commonwealth governments, to attempt regulation in fields heretofore considered an untouchable preserve of private business and industry. Thus states have passed legislation regulating production and withdrawal from storage of petro- leum. Under the National Industrial Recovery Act, the President was authorized “to prohibit the transportation in interstate and foreign commerce of petroleum and the products thereof produced or withdrawn from storage in excess of the amount per- mitted to be produced or withdrawn from storage by any state law or valid regula- tion or order prescribed thereunder, by any board, commission, officer, or other duly authorized agency of a state”. The National Industrial Recovery Act also conferred upon the President the power “to prescribe such rules and regulations as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of the law”. The Supreme Court took the view that the provisions quoted are entirelv too broad; that no reasonably definite standard is laid down for the guidance of the executive, and that therefore Congress unconstitutionally attempted to delegate pow- er clearly legislative in character. (Panama Refining Co. vs. Ryan, 293 U. S. 388, 79 L. Ed. 446). Later the entire National Industrial Recovery Act was held unconstitutional is an unanimous opinion by the highest federal tribunal. The Act authorized “Codes of Fair Competition” to be formulated by trade or industrial associations, and gave these codes the character of laws to be enforced bv coercive measures. The profession was not surprised when this method of law-making by such associations, and not by Congress, was declared unauthorized by the Constitution (A. L. A. Schechter Poul- try Corporation et al vs. United States, 297 U. S. 495, 79 L. Ed. 1570). The “Bituminous Coal Conservation Act of 1935’ ' among other things also dele- gated the power to fix maximum hours of labor to a part of the producers and miners, and, also, producers of more than two-thirds of a district’s annual tonnage and a majority of the miners, were empowered to fix minimum wages for a district or group of districts. The court took the view that in effect this conferred upon a majority the power to regulate the affairs of a minority and that “this is legislative delega- tion in its most obnoxious form ; for it is not even delegation to an official body, pre- sumptively disinterested, but to private persons whose interests may be and often are adverse to the interests of others in the same business”. (Carter vs. Carter Coal Co., 80 L. Ed. 749). Under a very recent case (United States of America vs. Curtiss-Wright Ex- port Corporation, et al, 81 L. Ed. 166) a much greater delegation of legislative pow- Onc Hundred Ninety-six mi HIM 1 Mil Mini I I MIMMIMMIMMIMM IMI III! I MUM I Mini ,, NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Qmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmmimmmmmmmmmmmmimmmmmmmmmm Q Our Customers Include Students in Every State LAW BOOKS i NEW USED | Bought Sold Exchanged j ▼ Jf’e invite your correspondence ▼ ASK FOR AMERICAN REVIEW | SERIES ON ALL SUBJECTS | ▼ Students Law Book Company | 811 THIRTEENTH STREET, N.W. [ Washington. D. C. { Phone NAtional 3470 JAMES J. DUNNE, Prop. { T Specialists in Second Hand Books j IMMIMIM IMMIMMIMMIM MMMMMMM MIIIIIM HMIIIMII HI Mil Illlllll er is possible in foreign affairs than in matters of purely domestic con- cern. This is on the theory that the investment of the Federal govern- ment with powers of external sov- ereignty does not depend upon the affirmative grants of the Constitu- tion. It is said, too, that federal power over foreign affairs is not only different in origin and essen- tial character from that over inter- nal affairs, but the President alone has the power to speak or listen as a representative of the nation. Con- gressional legislation in fields touch- ing upon foreign affairs, when its effectiveness depends upon negotia- tion and inquiry, must accord the President a degree of discretion which would not be admissible in do- mestic affairs alone. Therefore, a Joint Resolution of Congress, au- thorizing the President to prohibit the sale of arms and munitions of war in the United States to countries engaged in war in South America (the Chaco conflict), was not an in- valid delegation of legislative power to the Executive. Generally speaking, as one result of constitutional division of powers, courts cannot control the action of executive offices unless such acts are ministerial, imposed by law and in- volve no exercise of discretion. A mandamus, however, will lie against an executive officer, even a member of the Cabinet, to compel the perfor- mance of a purely ministerial act. (Kendall vs. United States, 12 Peters 524, 9 L. Ed. 1181). But when the State of Mississippi sought to restrain President Andrew John- son from enforcing the Reconstruc- tion Acts of 1867, alleging unconsti- tutionally, the court refused permis- sion to file the necessary bill on the ground that neither the President, nor Congress, can be restrained in their actions by the judicial depart- ment, although their acts, when per- formed in proper cases, are subject of judicial cognizance (Mississippi vs. Johnson, 4 Wallace 475, 18 L. THE 1937 DOCKE ' l niiiiiinniiiiiiiininmiimiiimiiiiiiimiiiiiiiiiiiiifii Ed. 437). In another of the Recon- struction eases it was said that, in order to invoke judicial action, the rights in danger must be rights of persons or property, not merely po- litical rights (Georgia vs. Stanton, 6 Wallace 50, 18 L. Ed. 721). Preparing for the Courts, of course, have the power to punish for contempt, which power is inherent and may not be abolished although it can be regulated. Where, however, punishment for contempt is of a criminal nature — criminal contempt — the President may exer- cise the power of pardon without in- vading the province of the judiciary. A distinction is made between civil contempt, when the punishment is remedial and for the benefit of a complainant, and criminal contempts when the sentence is punitive and in public interest (Ex parte Grossman, 267 U. S. 87, 69 L. Ed. 527). Creation of offices is a legislative function, but the power of appoint- ment and removal of officials is ex- ecutive in nature and may not be limited by Congress. (Meyers vs. United States, 272 U. S. 52, 71 L. Ed. 160). A careful distinction must be made between removal of execu- tive officials and those whose func- tions are quasi-judicial, and, while also administrative, are created for the purpose of carrying out legisla- tive policy. In the case of adminis- trative commissions, entrusted with discretionary powers and established as agencies of Congress, the latter may place restrictions upon the President’s power of removal. (Hum- phrey’s Executor vs. United States, 295 U. S. 602, 79 L. Ed. 1611). Finally, it has been said that ju- dicial power can be exercised under the Constitution only when a proper case between parties is submitted for judicial determination, and that there is no general veto power in Bar Examination IT is possible for the law student to review for the Bar Examination without supervis- ion, just as it is possible to study law with- out attending law school, but the method is certainly not the most effective. Competent guidance is as essential in review as else- where. FRANK S. SMITH Law Review Courses HILL BUILDING Metropolitan 0058 0 mm mu 1 1 1 1 • • i ■ • i • 1 1 1 l•lll•••■lllllllllll•■l•l■•lll i ■ 1 1 ■ 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 • ■ ii 1 1 Q |||||| " IIHIIIIIIHIII Ill Ilium min mi mi MIIIIIIII III mu min mil mi mmmmmmmi muni nun mil iniiimm NATIONAL UNIVERSITY Quin mmimmimi mil n i m i imimnnmnnmnmmmiimmmmmmmmnmmnmmnmmmmmii Q Pass The Bar Examination By Learning How To Analyze Problems A NACRELLI ' S Bar Review Course CARPENTER’S BUILDING courts upon the legislation of Con- gress. Congress cannot obtain a ju- dicial declaration of the validity of a congressional act by merely con- ferring jurisdiction upon courts in a class of cases unless an actual con- troversy arises for judicial deter- mination (Muskrat vs. L n i t e d States, 219 U. S. 346. 55 L. Ed. 246). Non- judicial functions will not be assumed by courts, but neith- er will courts permit interference with such functions. Not only does the Constitution prohibit diminution of judicial salaries during judges’ continuance in office, but an income tax levied upon judge’s salary under a law passed years following the judge’s appointment was held unau- thorized bv the Constitution as tend- ing to interfere with judicial inde- pendence (Evans vs. Gore, 253 U.S. 245, 64 L. Ed. 887). It is an elementary principle of constitutional law that courts will not pass upon political questions. These are varied and numerous, and lie wholly within the province of the policymaking, the legislative and ex- ecutive departments. Whether or not a government is the legal govern- ment of a state is a political ques- tion (Luther vs. Borden, 7 Howard 1, 12 L. Ed. 581). Whether or not a state has ceased to possess a repub- lican form of government is not sus- ceptible of judicial determination, the question being political in nature (Pacific States Telephone and Tele- graph Company vs. Oregon, 223 U. S. 118. 56 L. Ed. 377). Numer- ous questions affecting foreign rela- tions, such as recognition of foreign governments, are political and there- fore within the province of the ex- ecutive (Oetjen vs. Central Leather Co. 246 U. S. 297, 62 L. Ed. 726). a 1006 Tenth Street, N. W. District 7-5-7-4 This sketch has been deemed ap- propriate because the Docket this year is dedicated to the concept of separation of powers. It is. however, only a sketch and not an exhaustive studv of an increasingly important problem of government and constitu- tional law. If these few lines shall serve as a stimulus to further study and thought, the writer will feel more than amply repaid. iiiiiiiiiiiiiiHiiiiiiiiiMi ■ urn [■] iinniiiinnini THE 1937 DOCKE ' J 0 Hill I Ill in 1 1 ii i ii 1 1 ii i it mu ii ii i it ii MiiiiiiiiimiiiHm 111 mu i iii mi linn i if mi i min mi ilium IIIIIIIH0 TIi m s s you may not know about A. L R- The scope of A.L.R. is as broad as the law itself. A.L.R. gives you 10,600 annotations which are com- plete and exhaustive briefs on every-day points of law which are apt to arise in your practice at any time. A.L.R. annotations are kept to date through the supple- mental decisions service. The current volumes of A.L.R. keep you posted on the important developments in American case law. A.L.R. cases and annota- tions are always kept digest- ed right down to date. A.L.R. has the largest sub- scription list of any set of reports ever published. A.L.R. can be put in your library on an extremely lib- eral basis. Let us tell you how. THE LAWYERS CO-OPERATIVE PUBLISHING COMPANY Rochester, 149 Broadway, New York New York City r- - . - , c2) WASHINGTON, D. C. REPRESENTATIVE H. L. Garrett 4636 Garfield St., N.W. Tel. Emerson 4415 0 „ mi ii iiiiiiinii i 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 I uni Ml aim mu mi I II I iiiiiiiiliiiilliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin .0 NATIONAL UNIVERSITY My Best Wishes to the Senior Class BILL MARTIN ffliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiinniimiiimmiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiin ||||||||||||■||||■•||||||||||||||||||||| l |||||•||,||,•• ll ||| ! The New “ Life -Time ” | DISTRICT of COLUMBIA DIGEST I The First Really Complete D. C. Digest | It covers the old Maryland Decisions, the i circuit court (1801-1863) the D. C. Supreme { Court (1863-1893) and the Court of Appeals | to date. { Arrangement Compiled on the “Key Number” Plan by the { West Publishing Company’s Editorial Staff } Always Down to Date Within Itself Thru the plan of Cumulative Annual Pocket Parts ( like the U. S. Code Annotated) which j fit into and become a part of each book the i Digest is always down to date 1 Published by j Washington Law Book Company j 810 - 13th St. N. W. Washington, D. C. 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Suggestions in the National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC) collection:

National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1934 Edition, Page 1

1934

National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1935 Edition, Page 1

1935

National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1936 Edition, Page 1

1936

National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1938 Edition, Page 1

1938

National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1939 Edition, Page 1

1939

National University - Docket Yearbook (Washington, DC) online yearbook collection, 1940 Edition, Page 1

1940

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