National Louis University - National Yearbook (Chicago, IL)
- Class of 1916
Page 1 of 86
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 86 of the 1916 volume:
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THE N. K. C. ANNUAL
ofthe Year Book ofthe
National Kindergarten College
Nineteen Hundred Sixteen
Ll fl F? A li? Y
AND ELEMENTARY COLLEML
Whose life will
ever be an inspiration
is lovingly dedicated
to ' C her' ' girls
THE YEAR'S AT THE SPRING
is the season of year when signs of joyous growth
greet us at every turn--new leaves on the trees, young dan-
'. :3H . . . . . .
delions in the sunshine, little birds in the nest. How fit-
ting a time for the birth of an enterprise, the sending forth
of this our Hrst student Annual. Modest in its composition and
proportions, it may yet be the forerunner of great things in the
literary life of our shcool, in the social expression of our student
This has been a year of growth at N. K. C. Material prosperity
has been evident in the size of the classes, in the increase of buildings
and the acquisition of propertyg but our year would be barren, in
spite of all that, were the outer growth matched by no inner growth
of ideals and their attainment.
One great cause for rejoicing is that for the first time we have
had an attempt to realize in a definite form the idea of self-govern-
ment. This conception has been successfully incorporated in the
Student Government Association of the Dormitories and the Student
Council of the College, of which the Annual itself is one flowering.
Such a government conceived in the spirit of loyalty to the ideals of
our Alma Mater and maintained in unbroken co-operation between
faculty and students means a citizenship in our College which will
afford the best preparation for a more responsible citizenship in the
But growth in the school community as in the world community
is conditioned by growth in the individual. Are there signs of
increasing efficiency in our work, of the open mind in our attitude
toward new discoveries in education, of the character that contin-
ually becomes stronger for and through serving others? lf these
things are true of us, the College will be an ever greater power in
the world because her daughters, like the Spring, radiate the joy
and the inspiration of perpetual growth!
Go forth, little Book,
And may you well
Weave over your readers
I'ime's mystic spell.
Relive for them once more
The joy of school-days gone,
And tint again the sky
Of girlhood's happy dawn.
Remind them that To-day
With Courage by her side,
Is chanting "Loving Service"
Throughout our country wide.
And whisper of the Future
With all its hopes and fears,
Of struggles gained, of victories won,
With each succeeding year.
Editor-in-Chief . Esther Davis
Assistant Editor . Ruth Schoonemaker
Business Manager . Marie Deutschman
Literary Editor . Mary Collins
Organization Editor Doris Wainwright
Ioke Editor . . Emily Seery
Art Editor Elizabeth Pringle
Miss Edna Baker
Miss Iessie Davis
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Elizabeth Harrison .... . . .President
Mrs. Lillian Gray jarvie. . . . . .Secretary
Edna Dean Baker .... ............................. R egistrar
Sarah Louise Dean .... . . .General Superintendent, Boarding Halls
Luella Kiekhoefer .............. Head Preceptress
Helen B. Hill ...... . . .House Mother, North Dormitory
Carolyn R. Hazzard. . . . . .House Mother, South Dormitory
Dr. Caroline Hedger .... ............... H ouse Physician
Elizabeth Harrison ........ . . .Principles of Education
Francis Katherine VVetmore
Supervisor of Practise Schools, Program, Games, Stories
Belle Woodson ............................. Ethics, Psychology,
Froebelian Pedagogy, Interpretation of Architecture, Literature
Jessie Davis ...... Psychology, Organized Handwork, Nature Study
Georgia McClellan.Assistant to Supervisor of Practise Schools, Gift
Anne Goodwin Williams ............... Mother Play, Child Study
Francis Marion Arnold ................. Interpretation of Music,
Psychology of Art, Instrumental Music
Dr. Louis C. Monin ....................... History of Education
Dean of the Faculty, Armour Institute of Technology.
Edith McLaughlin .... Theory and Methods of Primary Education
Critic Teacher, Parker Practise of the Chicago Normal School.
Dr. Augusta A. Bronner ............... Physiological Psychology
Physiological Laboratory of the Juvenile Court.
Caroline Hedger, M. D. .Physiology, Hygiene, Maternal Efficiency
Clyde B. Cooper ..................... Extemporaneous Speaking
English Department. Armour Institute of Technology.
Frank Platt ........................ English Form and Diction
English Department. Oak Park High School.
Etta Mount. . . ................. Physical Culture, Folk Dances
Columbia College of Expression.
Mrs. Philemon B. Kohlsaat. . . . . .Vocal Music
Walter Raleigh Muller .................. . . .Gardening
Francis Parker School.
C. Louise Schaffner ............... Design, Water Color, Charcoal
Director of the Fullerton School of Art, Chicago.
M. Knowlton ................................ Domestic Science
School of Domestic Arts and Sciences.
Jens Jensen. . . ........................ . . .Field Science
Landscape Architect, Chicago.
I 8 l
CGRACEJ KYNISH-ING YEE
Normal Student at the National Kindergarten College
S E N I O R S
President . Jessie Wiiiter
Vice President Margaret Braytou
Secretary-Treasurer . Esther Davis
c'We have lzeefz j9'zefza's together,
In szmskfzze emu' 2.12 sfzacz'e."
GIFT: Her smile.
I4 fair exterior is tzsilent 7'6C077'111'Z6lZl!Kl-
-IESSIE TILT WINTER
GIFT: Calmness at all times QPJ
OCC.: Talking to Miss Baker.
"The power of thought-the magic ofthe
ESTI-IER H. DAVIS
LA GRANGE, ILLINOIS.
GIFT: Quiet eficiency.
OCC.: Catching or missing trains.
"To those who know thee not no words
To those who know thee, know all words
N. K. C., 1913.
GIFT: Genuine ability.
OCC.: Talking about Work.
9110 speflkx, 1261101165 arm' arts just as .elle
ZADA BRUN SON
GIFT: Intense interest in the Cla
OCC.: Being in Chicago
"Cut and come again
YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO, IQI4.
Saying "I dOn't see how yo
u do it."
H7101 I n1'qu1'1'e, I possess."
"I fefzwe my clzarnfter belzzina' mv.
CHICAGO, II.I.INoIs, N. K. C., 1913.
GIFT: Noisiness UD.
GCC.: Keeping everyone informed about
f'HeI' fwa Is are 'wa 'J o leasanilzess
ind all her paths are peace."
GIFT: Thorough understanding of
GCC.: Calling the roll.
ANNA DAYNEE INIULLIGAN
GIFT: Artistic temperament.
GCC.: Making posters.
"IVo one knofws what he can do untif he
PEORIA TRAINING SCHOOL, 1914.
GIFT: Red hair.
OCC.: Calling number
"Smiling lips ana' sharp, bright eyes,
lVhz'rh alfways seem the same."
FORT ATKINSON, WISCONSIN.
GIFT: A gOOd library.
OCC.: Bell hop.
"He1' only fault is that she has no faults
LOLA LEVITT STORY
ARLINGTON, SOUTH DA KOTA.
YANKTON KINOIQRGARTEN TRAINING
GIFT: A Splendid rOOm.
OCC.: Having Hat homesfl
Gentle of speech, heneheenl of mz'na'." I,
FORT DODGE, IOWA.
OCC.: Practising the piano
"It is good to fz'1'e and learn
OCC.: Overwork in a large Kinder
"Bfe5tfwitf1 temper fwlzose unelouded raj
Can make to-morrofw cheerful as to dayf
MABEL ELIZABETH TOLLES
MOLINE TRAINING SCHOOL, 1914
OCC.: Waiting for Jess
HSl16ZllZIlll1C!l5 newer fair and net er p1 ond
Held tongue at fwzff, and yet was IZFT 67
BEULAI-I VASEN A
OCC.: Explaining things.
"Hfzpp3' am L' from care I'm free!
Iffzy aren't they all
contented like nz ef"
f'Let down the curtain, the farce is done."
SENIOR CLASS HISTDRY
i"'fli6i 'x" N the fall of nineteen thirteen, we entered N. K. C., an enthusiastic, friendly
, 1.1 J---Q..-if
crowd of sixty Freshmen. At hrst, I am afraid, it was onlv our astonish-
has ingly large number that distinguished us from other baby classes that had
come to N. K. C. But soon rumors began to float through halls and cor-
ridors of the wonderful originality which our class possessed. VVe, it was who hung
up mysterious posters announcing our "County Fair," and who started people talking
about college yells and college songs. Irene Zdzieblowski was our president, and
thanks to her good natured, clever leadership we steered our rather bulky craft along,
accumulating honors on all sides. Socially, we were a little bashful, as all good
Freshmen should be. However, our Spring Dance was a charming success, and so
was the gay little tea lyliss Davis gave us at 'lllelviesf' Remember? On the whole
we were a happy, congenial class, and when school closed in the spring, the parting
good word on every hand was, "See you next fall."
College opened September lo, l9lJf, with us as Juniors enrolling to the good
substantial number of sixty-five. How proud we were, and how glad to 'lget together"
again! This year our officers were: President, Erma Humrichhouserg Vice-President,
lCleanor Forbesg Secretary, Esther Davis, Treasurer, Estelle lVIartin. Assemblies
were started for the first time this year. ln November, bliss Harrison gave us the
opportunity to show our originality in entertaining the rest of the school. With our
usual loyal class spirit and co-operation, we did our best, setting our standard high.
For our class charity, we chose telling stories every Saturday at Armour Square. On
Valentines Day we entertained the Freshmen and Seniors with a charming informal
dance, but the really spectacular, much talked-of event of the year, was our Junior
Cabaret. Cabarets may come, and cabarets may go, but ours will live forever in
the memories of those who attended. Witli the cabaret our reputation as original
entertainers was made everlasting, for it was then that the Evanston whirl-winds made
their debut in a dramatization of "Roly Poly Caterpillar" Cand it was roly poly too,
as it was given on roller skatesl.
Class Day was held on the College lawn and each Junior did her part to make
the Junior Pageant a success. VVe tried to be cheerful, for we felt that although the
majority of our class were leaving N. K. C. forever, still we had much to be happy
over in the pleasant and lasting memories of our two years of studious fellowship
Just six of our original class are back this year, but counting in the special
students, and the girls who have joined our ranks last year and this, we are seventeen
in all. Although our number is small, we feel pretty important when Miss Harrison
comes in and talks to us about "school problems" and calls us "her jewels." Field
Science, the new course of study added fo.r the Seniors this fall, was appreciated b-y
every one of our number. Four trips were made with Mr. Jens Jensen, a famous
landscape architect, to places of particular natural beauty about Chicago. None of
us will ever forget our excursion to Ravinia, and the wonder of seeing nature literally
bathed in gold and crimson. And added to this was the inspiration gained from Mr.
Jensen's discussions and from his wonderful love of nature. Our officers this year are:
President, Jessie Winter 3 Vice-President, Margaret Brayton, and Secretary and Treas-
urer, Esther Davis. Senior Assemblies frightened us all pretty badly, for we felt
rather "shaky" in starting things out. Extemporaneous Speaking and Debates, which
have yearly thrown their dire spell of terror and suspense over the Seniors, had the
same effect on our class, but we lived through them, as all ye Seniors will that follow us.
Our work with the Freshmen in Gift, Mother Play, and Occupation has been
truly delightful. It drew us closer' to the girls, and helped us to be "big sisters" to
girls that otherwise we would never have known.
We have been almost too busy outlining Moral Will and making our Art Book
for Professor Arnold to achieve much fame in the College social world. A few jolly
evenings have been spent with our Miss Davis, and also an entertaining afternoon at
Professor Arnold's home. Wait! there was our luncheon at Mrs. Story's, where
we reveled in goodies. -
And so we are closing three years of happy work and play at N. K. C. We bid
you all goodbye, and promise to return often to our Alma Mater and renew old
friendships and loving ties. '
I N' 1'
QJQJ -1i"i" ........... ..'
NE bright warm sunny day, I started on a walk, and idling along among
the fresh verdure of spring and enjoying its invigorating sweetness, I
realized that I had lost my way. I found myself in a deep woods.
At first I was frightened, but I said to myself, "I cannot be lost, for
I know I am near Chicago." I took new courage and hastened my steps, for I was
most anxious to reach my destination. Suddenly I was startled to hear a queer noise.
I looked down and there, sitting on the stump of an old tree, sat the queerest little
lady. When I looked at her head I was reminded of a knight, and in her hand she
held something that looked very much like a sword--but as I came closer I noticed
that it was a fairy wand. Her face radiated light, sunshine and good cheer.
She must have guessed by my expression that I was in trouble, for she smiled as
she said, "Can I help you? Are you lost ?"
"Yes," I replied, "but what can you do to help me? I am on my way to N. K. C.
You do not know where that is, do you ?"
She hopped down quickly from that old stump and stood up very straight, directly
in front of me, waving her wand to and fro. Suddenly I recalled the many stories
about fairies which I had told to children when I was at 'N. K. C., and realized that
at last a fairy had really come to me.
She directed me to 'the new home of N. K. C., and as I was leaving said, "Can't
I help you in any other way, or tell you anything else of interest ?"
"I think not," I replied, "as I am very anxious to get back and hear all about
The little fairy said, "Please wait. I can tell you a great many things, for I am
the good fairy who always hovered about the Senior Class, and I have followed them
wherever they have gone."
I asked her to tell me about all of the girls, and after we had both settled our-
selves on the stump, she began:
"Well, first of all, there is Jessie Winter, your splendid President, of whom you
had such good reason to be proud. And more so now than ever, as she is the leader
in many of our suffrage movements today. I see that you are not surprised, for no
doubt you recall her renowned ability in Senior Debates.
"lVIargaret Brayton, that splendid girl, is carrying her good work still farther,
and has become a Red Cross Nurse. She is just waiting for the next war, to cross the
ocean with Dr. Hedger.
"Esther Davis lives in a beautiful bungalow, renowned throughout Indiana, and
visited by many because of its perfect architecture. Of course she designed it herself,
and many more as worthy of Dr. Snider's attention.
"Lillian Hawkinson married an Idaho farmer and has a family of seven. Marie
Deutschman lives with her, probably for the purpose of studying her children, as
Marie is Writing a very interesting book on 'Disciplining Childrenf
"Daynee has at last attained the ambition of her life, and is teaching kindergarten
in China. Helen Stout is managing a very flourishing Fresh Air Camp. She is exceed-
ingly happy in her work, as she was always a great lover of fresh air.
"Zada Brunson was married two years after Commencement to a minister, and is
nowpthe proud mother of a little 'Bill.' Sarah Slagg was married, too, to one of the
finest lawyers in New York.
"You will find several of the girls still devoting their 'time to their Alma Mater.
Since Miss Grover's marriage, Katherine Richards has been assisting Miss Wetmore
in the supervising of kindergartens. Amanda Koerper went abroad, and brought
back many valuable suggestions to the N. K. C. Alumnae. Lydia Tuerke has the
Domestic Science Course.
"Beulah Vasen has charge of a lunatic asylum across the street from the College,
and Lola Story has a refined and cultured barber establishment a little farther down
on Michigan Boulevard, where she gives proper English cuts to children's hair."
The little fairy stopped.
"But what became of Mabel Tolles, and above all our own llliss Davis, our
class member ?" I asked.
"Well, I should say sol Mabel Tolles has a life position as 'Clown' with a
stock Shakespeare Company. She was recommended by Miss Harrison. And Miss
Davis, sad to say, immediately after that class graduated, succumbed and was taken
to the insane asylum. Poor thing! I fear it was to be expected I"
When I heard the sad fate of Miss Davis, I was so horrified that I screamed
aloud, and the next minute the little fairy had gone. I looked about me, but instead
of the fairy, I saw coming towards me a huge man. I rubbed my eyes, and soon
discovered that it was only Mr. Jensen, followed by the faithful Senior Class. They
came running towards me, calling "Here you are at last! We've been looking every-
where for you. We thought you were lost."
I was certainly glad to see the girls again, but I enjoyed more the realization
that the whole Senior Class Prophecy was only a dream.
A is for Amanda
Who is sure as fate,
To round up all the Faculty
Whenever they are late.
B is for Brayton
"Marg" by name,
Whose "little old hair-dress"
Is ever the same.
C is for Carter
Who's always rushed,
Who takes all her time?
"That loving crush."
D is for Daynee
From Minneapolis, you know,
Who says all Chicago
Is "pretty slow."
E is for Esther
Whose poor heart
Has felt the sting
Of Cupid's dart.
F is for the Freshmen.
A Faculty once said
They had rhythm in their feet
But nothing in their head.
G is for Games
With skipping feet,
With bouncing balls
And wax-Hoored seats.
H is for Helen
She laughs all the day,
Her slogan has ever been
"Oh, let's be gay!"
I is for Institutions,
The bane of our lives
Preaching, teaching, beseeching
Young ladies-be wise.
J is forjuniors
Such jolly folks
We have always enjoyed
Their little jokes.
K is for Katherine
"Kate" for short,
Whose aid in class doings
Is that of a "sport"
L is for Lola
Who hails from the West
And finds all her Psych
A Ubeastly pest."
M is for Marie
Whose grip on the bone
Has placed her high
On the manager's throne.
N is for News
It travels fast
Every girl in the school
Has an ear for "pasts."
O is for Ought
He is always there
Tho' duties be left
When the day is fair.
P is for "Psych"
And the best thing We do
Is learn triplets, more triplets C31
And why "You are you."
Q is for Quiet
A Stranger to us
We'll know it not
'Til our ashes are dust.
R is Room IV
The best room of all
It's seen all our joys
And our sorrows, since Fall
S is for Sallie
Ambitious in Art
And always so willing
To carry her part.
T is for Tuerkey
Whose ambition is
To be at the ivories
A "regular whizzf'
U is for Universal
We've heard it, we say
Since we have been in
At least twice a day.
V is for Visions
' May they always be ours
For they are one joy
Of 1ife's "little hours."
W is for Women
May each one of us make
The best and the truest
For old N. K. C.'s sake.
X is a mark
Which We find now and t
When our teachers make
A slight slip of the pen.
Y is for Yee
From China, so far,
Three cheers for her record
So free from all mar.
Z is for Zada
Who with beaux y
A line ever Waiting
m the street to the door.
b the score
I 21 il
DOES THIS SOUND FAMILIAR?
"Girlsl I have a typhoid germ l N
"Is that al1?,' CExit.J
"Will you number, please, girls?"
"What did we discuss last Week? "
"Are there any questions before we go on P "
"Set an example for others, universalize it."
"Don't put me on any committees, I am too busyf'
After one hour of watchful waiting, one hears this:
"Yes, my dear, what can I do for you P "
"Here's your handkerchief. My mother thanks you
and my father thanks you."
"Do you want a ticket to 'Peter Pan ' P "
"Of course I don't like to disagree, but I don't see
how I could do that in my kindergarten. There isn't a
blade of grass, or even a pigeon." Q
" Young ladies, I am very sorry I am late. Miss Baker
neglected to keep me informed as to the change in my
programme. I thought that the lesson was the next hour.
We shall have to struggle along the very best we can."
"Say, where did you put your Spring Thought after
it snowed on it? "
"You are old enough to talk to yourselves."
O, North classroom, dear North classroom,
How can we Seniors part from thee?
Thou hast sheltered us in times of gloom
And seasons of rare gaiety.
In looking back o'er our three years
We can recall no friend so true
lExcepting Doctor Sniderl,
Who has stood by us, like you.
There is the library and the "Dorm,"
The middle classroom and the Halls,
But the trials and triumphs of our class
Have been wrought out within thy walls
So when we think of N. K. C.
And the happy days of yore,
Our fondest recollections
Seem to center 'round your door.
Of all the tributes we would pay
To loving friends at N. K. C.-
The truest tribute, if we may,
We bring, dear room, to thee.
9 uruuv QXEVSS. .
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41,9 If! IJ
IUN ICR .CLASS
President . . . Eleanor Underwood
Vice President . Norma Scheller
Secretary-Treasurer Hazel Bell
"Words pay no debtsg give deeds"
CLASS FLOWER '
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NINETEEN HUNDRED SIXTEEN
In N. K. C. two years we'Ve been.
Not at first did we understand
Either "Gift Abstract"-or Miss Davis, command.
Then our first game day brought to light
Embarrassed performers, quaking with fright,
Eager for honor, we turned in and won it.
Note, please: "VVhen we seen our duty, we done itlw
Hear next the tale of our junior year,
Uproariously quiet-untrammelled by fear.
Not a word did we know about History of Ed.
Determined, we grasped it-and then went ahead.
Recall again that triumphant day
Exalted Iuniors held full sway,
Desultory assemblies had come our way.
Swell was our cabaret, with silk-hatted boys,
Incessant dancing, singing-much noise.
X marks the passing of all these joys.
True to our teachers-proud of our school,
Each of our number born to rule, '
Earnestly striving, we will always be seen.
NINETEEN HUNDRED SIXTEEN
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. J FTFR I graduated from the Junior Class of N K C in 1916 I accepted
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"1 ' ly-eg a position in the mountains of Virginia. It was so quiet and peaceful in
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the mountains and I was so tired of the noise and hurry of big Chicago
, that I, like Rip Van Winkle, fell asleep under a big tree. Here I slept
for a long, long time. I have heard from Clara Hitchings, now a noted philosopher,
that I slept at least ten years. During this time my classmates were becoming
prominent in the world's history.
When I awoke, I heard many voices. Bewildered and dazed, I found my Way
to a dusty road just in time to meet a Crowd of sight-seers in a tally-ho. Immediately
I recognized Miss Woodson's voice, the class sponsor of 1916, reminding the girls
of the beautiful harmonies in nature.
The first to greet me was Eleanor Underwood, our esteemed president, and now
wife of the President of the United States. I hurriedly asked her about our class-
mates, and she said, "Why, look around you." I rubbed my swollen eyes and then
I saw many familiar faces.
Hazel Bell, a noted storyteller, said, "It seems like old times to be with so many
N. K. C. girls."
I was happy to meet Norma Scheller, a motion picture star, who said in her
company were the Johnson twins, the Misses Fuller, Bunker, Pringle, Luce, Page,
Blake, Jones and Young. "By the way," Norma said, "You remember Helen
Shearer? Well, she eloped with the manager of our company."
Then I said, "Are any more of our girls married ?"
"Oh yes," answered Norma, "the Misses Crouse, Grievish, Kesner, Fenton and
Lacey are happily married and living in Austin. Someone told me the Misses Brown,
Cummings, Burkett, Donaldson, Lehr, Howell and Ellsworth were also married and
had gone West to seek their fortune."
I was proud to know that so many of our girls had entered the state of
matrimony because the N. K. C. girls were well qualified to be homemakers.
Marianna McKee, who was one of the party, failed to see me because she was
so busy talking politics to Mary Louise Ruff. They were suffragette leaders, and
Mary Louise later said, "I know you will be surprised, but our best stump speakers
are the Misses Grandon, Mitchell, Peterson, Abeles and Dauberf'
Then I recognized Margaret Pettyjohn dressed in the height of fashion. She
said, "I know you are wondering where I get my good looking clothes. They are
designed by the Mademoiselles Wolcott and Chubb." '
Among the sight-seers was Dr. Mary McGoun, a specialist on children's diseases.
She laughed and said, "Mary, I did not know you until I heard your voice-your hair
is very gray."
Dr. McGoun said, "I have so much N. K. C. news to tell you I don"t know
where to begin. Mary Collins is supervisor of a Kindergarten Training School in
the Philippines. In this school many bright N. K. C. girls are represented: Mrs.
McCracken teaches Gift, Consuelo Bergere, Architecture and Psychology, Lillian
Anderson, Occupation, and Aileen Chesrown, Games and Stories. These girls Write
me about their good times. They all live in the Y. W. C. A., of which Betty Jacobs
Marg Hickey, a story critic, was reading a book for children written by Vera
Going and Pauline Hatch. Marg said, "I am pleased with the literary ability of
N. K. C. girls. Kathryn Mathew wrote a Psychology book and dedicated it to our
friend and helper, Dr. Snider."
I was not surprised when the girls told me that Mildred Jesselson and Ruth
Drach owned Washington Park Kindergarten. They also told me that Hazel Leiby's
last collection of children's songs proved to be a financial success.
Hazel Brindley was the next girl to greet me. She knew so many interesting
things about my classmates, because she was one of the preceptresses of the dormi'tories.
Hazel said, "Would you believe our College was so large that seven dormitories were
necessary ?" I asked her who was playing at the Majestic, and she told me Helen
Jefferies was the chief attraction, and in her chorus were Caroline Smith, Veronica
Wall, Ruth Schoonmaker, Inace Owen, Alice Pohlmann, Lillie Bell, and Aline Alli-
son. "You remember Joyce Ballard? She is very clever, and has become a noted
impersonatorf' The theatrical news did not surprise me, because I remembered the
talent displayed in the Junior Cabaret.
I was pleased to find out so many girls were helping as assistant teachers in the
College. Florence Valentine and Katherine Harper were giving a series of classes
in folk dancing. Miss Bartholomew and Miss Norsworthy were teaching the midyear
The girls told me about a lovely tea room owned by Margaret Cook and Helen
Ray. Here the girls could have a good warm lunch for twenty cents.
One of the girls said, "Oh, Marion Gilman's dream came true. She is teaching
kindergarten in China, and next year expects Anna Londergon and Fern Norsworthy
to join her." Another foreign item pleasing me was that the Misses Lautenschlager
and Freudenburg had gone back to work among their own people in Germany.
Just then the driver of the 'tally-ho called "All aboard." Miss Woodson turned
to me and said, "Won't you join us on our tour?" With a laugh and a shout we
climbed in the tally-ho and were on our Way.
TO EVERY IUNIOR
A little warning before it's too late:
Don't be a Senior if you can't debate!
And if externporaneous speaking you hate-
Don,t be a Senior!
But if, on the contrary, you sort of hate
Toxbe poorly posted and quite out of date,
You had better come back and learn to debate
Try being a Senior!
' 1:.i gif " ,,' Y' 'w -,
President ..... Juanita McGruer
Secretary-Treasurer . Helen Pickle
" Live to learn and learn to live "
CLASS FLOWER ,
Black and Gold
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! T was a day long to be remembered by all of us Freshmen. What day are
lg we speaking of, do you ask? September 13, 1915, the day on which we
arrived at N. K. C. with feelings which some of us had never before known.
As we looked about all seemed strange. If only there were one whom
we knew! lim afraid we'll have 'to admit that just that one day each of us wished
we might be one of the Hold girls," for they were having such a jolly time, laughing
and talking. However, this 'funexpressed feeling" soon vanished, for the Juniors
and Seniors made us feel at home. lt was found that our class consisted of eighty-
one "illustrious Freshmen," and that nineteen states were represented, besides England
and Canada. lt is a class of which we are proud to be members, for it is the largest
and best class that ever entered N. K. C.
Upon looking at our list of studies, we found these posted among others: Gift,
Games, and Occupation. VVhat could it all mean? Did they expect us to give
presents to each other or 'to the children? Then we were instructed to buy six small
balls, all of different colors. YVe now had the question of Games settled, for we were
to play ball with the children. After several lessons in Occupation, we were given
clay modeling. Such fun! Each of us was given a "hunk" of clay and told to make
an animal. One might think he had entered a zoo when he looked about. lwany
animals were without names until bliss Davis came around and said, 'lOh yes, a bear!"
or "Look here, a lionl" All we had to do was make Hsomethingu and we could be
sure llliss Davis would find a name for it.
ln a few weeks we had our first class meeting. Juanita lNIcGruer was elected
President, Helen Fickle, Secretary-Treasurer, and to our delight lV1iss Willianas
agreed to become our faculty member. The motto finally chosen by our class Was
"Live to learn, and learn to live."
ln a short time we were informally entertained by the Seniors, and then by the
sluniors, at which time new acquaintances were made.
1VIeantime our thoughts were turned to Assemblies, for the other classes had
each had its turn, and now it was ours. It was our chance to show our ability and
school spirit. We had charge of four assemblies, and made our class famous with its
songs, stories, and dances.
Several parties have been given by the Freshmen. The first one was given over
at College soon after school opened, while the other one was given in February.
This took place in the dormitory, where Valentine decorations were used.
A bit of excitement which happened lately was getting our marks for the
semester ending January thirty-first. It was on a Saturday evening when one of the
girls from the dorm happened to go over to the College. She glanced at the "mail
boxes" and there was a package of envelopes. She then came upon one which had
her name printed on it. Immediately she opened it and found, to her surprise, her
grades. Madly she seized those for the rest of the main dormitory girls and rushed
back. The scramble then began. Each tore open her envelope with fear and trem-
bling. By this time it was noised about that all the grades were ready, so the girls
from both north and south dormitories hurried over to the College: but alas! they
could not have them until Mondayf. However, we had ours, and from the rooms could
be heard "A++ in English, A in Psychology, B in Gift, C in Physical Culture," etc.
We have just been assigned to new kindergartens and feel very dignified, as we
are taking the places of the Juniors. We have become so capable that the Juniors will
now come to observe our methods.
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FRESI-IMAN CLASS PROPHECY
U " T was ten years ago that I graduated from N. K. C. and I have been teach-
have saved just enough money to take a trip to Nebraska to visit my old
friend Eloise Boller, who is now happily married and living on a farm near
ing ever since in the kindergarten in my home town. In all these years I
Since my train started from Chicago very early in the morning, I found it neces-
sary to spend the night in the city, so I decided to go out to the dormitory, where I
was welcomed by the Preceptress, Leta McCormick. Everything looked familiar but
the Hospital Room, which had been enlarged, refurnished and decorated, and is now
known as the Guest Room. I went over to the College, where I found Bernice
Kinsloe teaching Occupation and Freda Gardner teaching Mother Play. You can
imagine my surprise when I heard that Nellie Nissen was taking the College Normal
Course, hoping to fill a position as Gift Instructor in the Lincoln Kindergarten School.
Bernice took me down to the lldunn Sisters' Tea Room on Michigan avenue, which
is a very exclusive 'tea room built by the College for the accommodation of the College
girls and their friends. Bernice requested that they play several pieces on the victrola
which she knew I would be particularly interested in. One was a vocal record
by Catherine Wright, who is starring in Grand Opera. The other was a record
of a story written by Marie Tutwiler, and told by Helen Fickle, both of whom were
members of my class. All 'these things were very interesting, as Miss Baker had
asked me to gather news of my class for the Annual.
The next morning I was sitting on the train, thinking of all the people I had met
from my class, when I heard an old familiar expression "Come here once." Looking
around, I saw lVIargaret Colmey. She was with Doris Wainwright, and you can
imagine the greeting I gave them, because I had not seen either of them since we
graduated from N. K. C. They were traveling together on a Chautauqua tour, hav-
ing full charge of the story hour, and giving concerts, lVIargaret playing and Doris
singing. They were on their way to Kansas City to fill an important engagement.
While there they expected to see Esther Connelly who had given up her kindergarten
work and was devoting her time to society. They also expected to hear about Alex
Dagg and Georgia Leedy who had gone to India as missionary kindergartners. I
told them all the news I had heard of our classmates, and of my visit to the dorm.
They had met quite a few of the girls while on their tour, and I was interested to
know that many of the girls were carrying on their kindergarten work, Leah Tarpley
in Kentucky, Maud Reidenbach in Wisconsin, and Mary Frawley in Chicago. Dora
Gorman, May Neitz and Evelyn Anderson were devoting their time to settlement
wvork. ffhey had rnet IDorothee Ilavene in IDavenport, but did not hear rnuch neyvs
froni her, as she had just returned froni her honeynxoon in Clernaany. Ilorothee
had met Elsie Reihman in Germany. Elsie was married soon after leaving school and
had gone there to redde. Itwvas hard to say goodbye vvhen vve reached Iiansas Chty,
but as we had planned to spend that Christmas together, we had something pleasant
to think of
I arrived in Lincoln late in the afternoon, and was met by Eloise and Estelle
Minskey, who like myself, had saved enough money to take a trip. I was so delighted
to see theny because I never could forget the good tunes yve had at PJ. PI.Cf. Tfhe
next afternoon we decided to drive into town to attend a suffragette meeting, as there
was to be a famous speaker that afternoon. Dorothy Batchelder and Belle Bray were
the leaders of the party in Nebraska and Iowa. Short talks were given by the Misses
Batchelder and Bray, then the speaker was introduced by lVIary Imber. To our utter
surprise it was Emily Seery, our old chum from N. K. C. The subject of her lecture
was 'fThe Inferiority of Men." Eloise, being married, did not agree with her, but
that did not affect our opinion.
I VVe decided to have a house party out on the farnn and to call on IDorothy
Whitcombe and her husband, who had moved to Lincoln very recently. She was
much surprised to see us, and told us that Ruth McMahon was agent for the Kinder-
garten Review, and was also selling Mother Play pictures which were painted by
The next day I went to visit Marian Levy's private kindergarten. She had
an ideal kindergarten room and thirty-five of the sweetest children. I waited until
kindergarten was dismissed, and when the nurses and mothers came for their chil-
dren Marian called two of the ladies aside and asked me if I recognized them. They
were Mary Dingledy and Eleanor Alexander. Both were married, and their hus-
bands were in business together. Marie had just received a letter from Barbara
Schreier, who was director in Grace Church Kindergarten in Chicago. This certainly
recalled old times, and I asked her if she knew where Juanita McGruer Was. We
three girls had cadeted together during our Freshman year at N. K. C. Juanita
is married and living in Langdon. I also heard that Orpha Outhouse and Elsa
Smith were teaching in Omaha.
Four weeks had passed, and my visit with Eloise had been the happiest time I
had ever had. I intended to stop a feyv places on rny wvay lunne, and as C3enevieve
Jones lived near there, I spent three days with her. Genevieve and Esther Egley were
very good friends, having been married about the same time, and living in the same
town. Charity Hoyt and Katherine Lindemann were traveling with the Keith Vaude-
ville Company, and as they played in Grand Island, Genevieve, Esther and I went
to see them. Katherine was the juggler, while Charity took the part of contortionist.
The second act was a sister act of aesthetic dancing featuring Edith Hudson and
I left the next day for Chicago, where I exepected 'to visit for a few days. I
called on my old roommate, Ida Falls, who had given up kindergarten work and
was living a leisurely life on Sheridan Road. She had seen Pauline Maureaux.and
Edna Thulin, who were conducting a beauty parlor in the Marshall Field Building.
A kindergarten agency had been formed by Alice Ives, with Cora Heller as her
assistant. They had seen the need of this agency, and were carrying it out very suc-
cessfully. Ida did not know where very many of the girls were, but she had heard
that Lulu Carr had written a book of songs and games for the kindergarten. Jovita
Boodel and Nora Larson were conducting a playground in Hyde Park, and were
successful workers in the mission schools.
I thought I would visit N. K. C. before returning home, so I called on Miss
Baker and told her of my visit and about the girls I had met. She said that she
knew I would be interested to know that the College had established a branch in
California and had elected Gwladys Wynne President, Heloise Wynne Secretary, Vera
Brown Registrar, Miss Fortune Physical Culture Director, Hester Osgood Gift
Instructor, Leona Proudfit teacher of Mother Play and The Life of Froebel, Caroline
lVIangelsdorf Supervisor of Kindergartens, Irene Dawson teacher of Gccupation. I
was curious to know what had become of Marian Gotham and Irene Fair, so I asked
Miss Davis. Although they were both married, they founded an Old Ladies' Home
in Michigan. Bertha Tenney and Emilie Stein were lecturing on Child Welfare
work. She told me they expected to have a new College doctor the next year, and
asked me if I remembered Ethel Mohrstadt. Ethel found kindergarten work interest-
ing, but she decided upon medicine as her profession. Esther Cramblet, Genevieve
Huston and Dorothy Saviers were lecturing in different states on the need of kinder-
gartens in the public schools.
I certainly enjoyed my three days' visit at N. K. C., but was almost tired out.
It was late in the afternoon when I reached the depot and found that my train
was an hour late. There was nothing to do but wait, so I bought a paper, and
thought it would at least make the time seem shorter. I noticed one article in partic-
ular, "VVould Kindergarten Training be Worth While Without Snider ?" by Helen
Sullivan. So Helen had become a journalist! In the course of my reading I noticed a
few familiar names-that of Margaret Shannon, whose marriage to a lawyer was
to take place the next morning-the Emerald Club was giving an entertainment in
which Gladys Petit and lVIarian Potter were to dance the Irish Lilt. I wished I could
have stayed to see them, because I remembered how well they danced it for the
Alumnae Party when we were Freshmen at school, but my train was due, and my
My trip had brought me some of the greatest surprises I ever expect to get.
As I was entering the train I saw lVIrs. Bittle, formerly Ruth Irvin, and her two
children. She had been visiting in Chicago, and was returning home. I was not
surprised when she said she had met Helen Noble, who was married and living there.
The train reached Michigan City about two-'thirty in the afternoon, and as I
was thinking about all the girls I had met from my class, it seemed as though there
was someone whom I had not seen. It was not long before I discovered it was
Thelma Lumsden and Emma Heinzelmann. They had just accepted positions as police
matrons in my home town.
A FRESHMAN FABLE
One day I went down town on the
Carr to do some shopping at the Fazr.
On the way I met Dawson who had in-
herited a Fortune. Also Larson who
was a Gardner and a very good one. I
got into conversation with Dawson. I
found out that there was great rivalry
between Larson and Ferguson, who
were both very Seery-ous in their love
for Miss Proadfn' Whose father worked
on the Levy. She Was undecided as to
which one she loved the bestg but she
discovered that one was Noble and the
other Fzeele. She was Ufrzgnz when she
decided that neither was Us-gooa' as go-
ing to sing with MeCormz'c,5. The poor
disconsolate lovers accepted their fate
and one decided to he a Bacnelder while
the other jumped in the Fails.
On the evening of October 29th the Faculty gave its annual
reception at the College. The rooms were beautifully decorated with
fall leaves and asters.
A short program followed the reception. Miss Mabel Wood-
worth gave a few selections on the violin, and Miss Anne Irene
Larkin read several short selections, all of which were greatly
At the close of the program refreshments were served, and infor-
mal dancing was enjoyed inthe Hall.
The Student Council, or Inter-class Committee, as it is some-
times called, was founded November ll, 1915, at N. K. C.
The members constituting the Council consist of one Faculty
member fMiss Bakerj, the president, secretary-treasurer of each
class, and one other member chosen from each class.
The purpose of the Council is to settle any questions that might
arise in the classes and to help in promoting better school spirit. It
has met a long-felt need in the school and has been most successful in
this its first year.
GD CP ISTEN ' good friends, and you shall hear
A, Last year it so happened the school did decree
One hour in the week to call Assembly.
Why the Senior Class has called you here.
'Z :M ilt .
The first month the Seniors
The Juniors the next,
The Freshmen follow with their cute little text,
And lastly the Faculty fall into line,
Repeat it not--but their programs are fine.
The object, you ask-and what do you do?
Have patience, I shall try to explain it to you.
The objects are many, but I shall quote four ,
Whose content abound in cultural lore.
First, every girl in this College Public Speaking should learn
And we, as Seniors, beg you this chance do not spurn,
For when you are Seniors, and your number is few,
Woe unto you, if your part you can't do.
Second, school spirit we need, and we have it to seek,
But we won't if our students assemble each week.
Third, we want to know you. Don't you want to know us?
Sociability then, with a good sized plus.
Fourth, if each does her part, every week that we meet,
Our own N. K. C. will ne'er know defeat."
Such was the information given by the Senior President to the Freshmen and the
other new students at the opening of the first Senior Assembly. As the Seniors appeared
in the Hall it was whispered about that they had taken up Woman Suffrage, for each
Senior wore a large pennant, which proved to bear only the name of a foreign country.
Each Senior told of the kindergarten work in the country whose name she bore, and
a number of very interesting facts were given. One which delighted everyone was
that next year there will be another kindergarten training school in China, for our
own lVIiss Yee will establish one there.
The next week the Seniors were entertained by a program in which they took
small part. For although we are a most talented class, we are few in number, and
we were obliged to call upon the Faculty and the Freshman Class. Miss Wetmore,
whose stories are so loved by every N. K. C. girl, told in her most delightful manner
the story of "The Little Shepherd Boy." Miss Gardner as violinist, Miss Peenebaker
and Miss Irvin as soloists, furnished the musical part of the program.
On October twenty-first all members of the Freshman and Junior Classes were
asked to participate in a spelling match. Psychology, commentaries, psychical, psychosis,
inhibition, and psychological were spelled with ease, but when it came to the word
"encyclopedia," there was a pause. The juniors insisted that 'they were right, and so
did the Freshmen, and the Seniors demanded the right of authority. But the bell
rang and the match was over, both the Freshmen and Juniors leaving the Hall still
declaring that "they" were right. A few weeks later at a Junior Assembly, during
Current Events, a Senior arose in all her dignity and said, "As a matter of interest to
everyone, I wish to inform you that "encyclopedia" may be spelled either "e-n-c-y-c-l-o-
p-e-d-i-a" or ''e-n-c-y-c-l-o-p-a-e-d-i-a.'l
At the last Assembly the Seniors decided that in view of their knowledge and
experience, it would be well to show the other classes what a model kindergarten was.
So back they went to their kindergarten days, and everyone present must agree that
never before had such a wonderful kindergarten been seen. The way in which the
negative was met by the director, Miss Koerper, was marvelous. The cadet, Miss
Davis, who played the piano, was not always ready, for her interest was centered
upon a beautiful ring which adorned her third finger, and her nose frequently needed
powdering. Every child was vitally interested, and took part most enthusiastically in
everything. The atmosphere of the kindergarten was perfect.
Thus the splendid Senior Assemblies four
VVe hope, raised the standard above days of yore
For the Seniors in Public Speaking delight CU
And school spirit show with all their might.
They are sociable too, and each does her part
For her Alma llalater with all her heart.
M""""' '- ,- """""'
'll 1 lv arf-.Q Il'
" IIIII Ill
IIIIIIIII ii f' lllllllllll
i"- "H W "Eli
'llllllllllll I IIl"' "lIII ll llllv
Inmmlllll t g alllnnmmll
meetings in odd corners as they worked out plans for their first Assembly
Of course the main idea, bulb-planting, was a foregone conclusion. The
problem was to evolve ceremonies that were fitting and attractive. . On the
Thursday in question everyone who entered the hall was provided with a tissue paper
cap in one of 'the autumn colors, and a gay and festive group they made when thus
decked out. Before the planting a group of Juniors sang a few kindergarten autumn
songs, Mary Collins told the story of "Balder the Beautiful," and the same group
sang "Gold and Crimson Tulips." Then came the march into the garden and the
actual planting of the bulbs, the climax of the celebration.
The next effort took the form of a Vbirthday party" for three authors who were
born in November. These three, known and loved by children far and near, were
Louisa May Alcott, Robert Louis Stevenson, and Henry Van Dyke. Marianna
McKee gave a brief account of the life of eachg then Ada Chubb, Marg Hickey and
Florence Valentine read some of their best-known poems.
On December second a group of Juniors tested our quick-wittedness and inci-
dentally proved how well "it pays to advertise" by means of a series of tableaux.
Applause and shrieks of laughter were impartially mingled as we greeted our old
friends American Family Soap, Aunt Jemima, Zu Zu, Old Dutch Cleanser, and
At the last Assembly the most ambitious attempt of all was made, and a play,
"lVIy Aunt's Heiress" was presented. Of course it would take a dramatic critic
to do justice to that performance. Suffice it to say that it seemed to "get over."
ARLY in November wild-eyed Juniors might have been seen holding anxious
s, RE .3 ag-,
51:1 ETP' -. .1
" 'Y' ROlXI all lVIrs. Jarvie tells us, and from our own personal experiences, we
knovv that dit school has seen rnany crhes, but there has never been one
N rnore horrdde than the one ivhich occurred in the panicky hearts of the
Freshmen when the time came for their Assemblies to be given. It seemed
to their rather bewildered and greathf puzzled brauis that every' posdble source
of entertainnient,and.especiaH5fthe supply of originalideas had been exhausted.
VVe were to have the first Assembly on our first Thursday after Christmas, and
so xve xvorried over K for yveeks ahead because there vvould be no tune for any such
plans when the holidays were over, and we would have only four short days to get
otnselves adjusted. Clinsnnas vacanon sped itmdf awxug and aH too soon our hrst
fkssenibly day canie aroiurd. l3ut the T?TCShD13H Cflass rose gloriously to the occasion
and furnished several stories and a few songs, which seemed to please everyone very
rnuch. VVe even had the honor of having hdks XAUlhanm teH a stomfin our hrst
Assembly. The Whole thing was a pronounced success, and the Freshmen took heart,
for novv that the thing wvas truly started, M vvas not going to be so dreadfid after alk
dShe second.fXssenibly arrived alltoo soon, and this nrne xve had a qiuutette yvhich
pleased very niuch. dfhere vvas also unth us that day a rnysterious person xvho looked
into a magic mirror and called many of the students to the platform to do various
stunts for us. SFO close this prograni uten lhtle Faeshrnenn sang :uid iHimtrated a
parody upon the well-known song f'Ten Little Chickadeesf' But our greatest achieve-
nient that day vvas our class song, vvrnten by sonre nnenrbers of our class, and stuig
that day for the Hrst tnne.
Qur third Assembly was more of a frolic than an educational entertainment,
but n www so gentunely enjoyed by everyone that the Faeshrnen felt very proud of the
event. Sfhe chws dhplayed very naarked dranaauc abihty and great udent,especiaHy
in the perforniance of the eight negro rninstrels. dShey vvere really encnigh to kiH yotr
Our last Assembly we spent with Robert Burns and some beautiful Scotland
scenes and songs. lA7e ivere reaHy indebted to hdrs. Jarvie for this pleasure, as
she suggested the idea to tw, and brought the shdes for the pictures. It xvas a real
treat and closed our Assemblies in a Worthy manner. The Freshmen felt that they
had reason to be proud of their edorts bin rnanyfxvere the sighs of rehef xvhen the
task vvas over.
, ' '
GG 1 i 77
STUDLNT GovERN1v1LNT IN THE Doiuvuroiues
the individual girls This tear we had such a large increase in numbers
ERETQFORE the government of the students has been left practically to
-5.-Q . . . . I x . 7 1 . 5 .
1 c c. I c c . c .
Q' 'that it became necessary to have some few universal laws for the girls to
follow and a definite background for public opinion. Our College stands
for self-responsibility and self-control, and as a natural outgrowth of these thoughts,
came Student Government. Through this form of government the students assume
both individual and community responsibility in the life and conduct of the College.
bliss Harrison and the faculty granted us a charter whereby all matters per-
taining to the conduct of the students in their dormitory life which did not fall
directly under the jurisdiction of the College authorities or the heads of the house
were given in charge of the girls. A meeting of the dormitory girls was then held,
and the meaning of Student Government explained. lt was voted to adopt Student
Government. After a temporary chairman was appointed, the oHicers of the execu-
tive board were voted into office, the following officers being appointed:
President ..................................... Elizabeth Jacobs
Vice President .... '. . .Amanda Koerper
Secretary ........... .... M ary Collins
Treasurer ..... . . .... Helen Shearer
North House Tribune... ..... Helen Sullivan
South House Tribune. . . .Barbara Schreier
Main House Tribune ........ ................... Ella Carter
This executive board then met and drew up a constitution and rules, which were
passed by the faculty, and then voted on by the students.
Student Government has been in operation for about two months now, and the
girls have met the requirements with vim and loyalty, have stood by the rules and
each other with courage and poise, making the system a success.
. I I
THE HALLOWE' EN PARTY
E came down to dinner hungry as we always are-and with expectancy writ-
f: in' .Lfp ten large all over our faces. But what a sight met our eyes' What had
happened? No meal awaited us nor any sign of preparation for one. Finally,
however, it was announced that dinner was to be served at the College. With
relief, expectancy, and wonder mingled we timidly went over. A long white line of fig-
ures greeted us and showed us the way to the big tables. Who would have recognized
the occupation room in all its glory of Hallowe'en decorations? About twenty "sure
enough" spooks were sitting at the tables throughout the rooms. The guesses we made
as to who they were! They couldn"t unmask until the girls identified them. Such
pealspf laughter as they did unmask! After dinner, which was served in approved
Hallowe'en fashion, we disbanded to go home and mask. About an hour later a
weird ghostly lot of figures stole softly across the campus to the College. What fun it
was to play games and dance with people whom you didn't even recognize. We wound
up with a grand march and unmasking. Naturally we had "eats," cider, apples, and
doughnutsg and then much to our sorrow the clock struck twelve, and like a flock
of tired Cinderellas we went home. BERNICE M. KINSLOE.
JUNIOR CLASS PARTY
CN HE junior Class delightfully entertained the students and faculty of the
I . . . .
National Kindergarten College at a party just before the holiday season.
:rf ff' 5
fv,55g.K,Q The party was held in the central dormitory and dancing and games
afforded entertainment for the evening. The house was beautifully decorat-
ed in Christmas greens. The lights were covered with red shades, which cast a
dim glow over the gaily decorated rooms. Great branches of holly were abundant
everywhere. Little pine trees were scattered here and there and upon their branches
rested glistening snow. A very effective landscape was produced by the arranging
of the large Christmas tree and a background of blue sky thickly sprinkled with stars.
Chilly looking icicles hung about. Punch was served during the evening by some of
the Freshmen girls. About sixty couples enjoyed the hospitality of the Junior Class.
I THE FRESHMAN INFORMAL
the evening of February eighteenth at the mam dormitory It was a St
-,,Q,,?f,i,g Valentines Party, and the house was very prettily decorated in red hearts
and cupids. Dancing seemed to be the most popular feature, but in one
of the rooms were a number of tables where cards and other games were enjoyed
by those who didn't care to dance. About the middle of the evening light refresh-
ments were served by the committee in charge. Those in the receiving line were the
Misses Woodson, Williams, Dean, Kiekhoefer and McGruer.
,-,'f+f- HE Freshmen entertained the Juniors and Seniors at an informal party on
,I ij . . . .
'ff N,:,' v .
.'-L1 ir' . , . .
Look around and choose the exit nearest your bed.
In case of fire Walk, not run, to the exit.
Do not try to beat your roommate 'to the door. "No shoving and no pushing
" THE FIRE FLIES "
A production in two acts and five scenes.
Time: Midnight. Place: N. K. C. Dormitory.
CAST OF CHARACTERS
Proctors-A few girls chosen for their power of self-control, bravery, and fire-fighting
Chorus. .... .............................. ..... N . K. C. Cadets
. Music furnished by Alarm Bell.
1. Midnight Fire Alarm. '
2. Overture-Ding! Ding! Ding!
SYNOPSIS OF SCENES
Act I. Scene I.
Proctors dash madly from room to room realizing their ability to gain honorable
mention by saving the life of some poor unfortunate being who is probably suffering
Mobs of frenzied girls issue bewilderingly from downy cots in vain search for
kimonos and other valuables such as pictures of John, Henry, or Isaac, special delivery
letters and withered rose petals.
N. K. C. Cadets fall into line with such alertness and agility as has been accom-
plished only within the realms of West Point. Proctors continue their important
role, practicing their power of discipline upon such girls as are Wide enough awake
' t t' ns of lack of self-control.
to break the silence by giggling and other demons ra 10
Act II. Scene I.
d b 1 the stern commands of the honorable lieutenant.
Forming of ranks. Ca ets o ey
Recognition of the unity after separation.
Command given, "About Face!"
Hasty retreat of company,
debris. CRapid Curtain.,
Costumes furnished by Individuals.
Unusual Coiffures by Kidd.
Brands of cold cream, mentholatum, adhesive tape, camphorated ice, toilet water,
which left the floor and steps covered with feminine
and mange cure.
gg IJTERARY gg
5 :................................ ..1u. W,.. ..u,,. ..M.u., ..uu .,.N.Wu,,.,M ,,,An ,um. - . .,,, .,4, ...,.,.......,,,,,,,,,.,,5 5
THE UNFINISHED LAND
'D Do you ever forget to put your toys away after a game or to hang up your
coat when you come 1n from a walk? Billy Smith was that sort of a boy.
WONDER if 'there is anybody here who sometimes forgets to finish things.
at. he . f' I
J , Q
Now Billy was a good boy, he helped his mother around the house and he
ran errands for her up at the store, but there was one thing that Billy could never
remember to do, and that was-to finish things. Sometimes Billy's mother would say,
"Come, Billy, and help Mother wash the dishes," and Billy would come running in to
help, but when he had wiped one or two plates he would think of something else he
wanted to do and leave Mother to finish, or when Mother said, "Billy, Mother wants
you to go up to the store and get her some bread," Billy would run off at once, but
before he had gone far along the road he would see somebody else with whom he
wanted to play, and forget that Mother was waiting at home.
Well, one day Billy went out to play in the garden. He brought out some of his
toys from the house, and for a long time he played quite happily. But by and by Billy
began to feel tired, so he left all his toys lying on the ground and went and sat down
under the trees a little distance away. Soon Mother came out and called, "Billy, Billy,
come and put away your game," but Billy was too far away to hear Mother calling, and
besides he was very, very sleepy, but just as he was falling off to sleep he heard a voice
saying, "Billy Smith l" And Billy sat up quickly and looked around, but there was no
one to be seen: then he felt a little tug at his coat sleeve and heard the voice again,
"Billy, Billy Smith!" And Billy looked down, and there, at his elbow was a tiny
little man, no bigger than Billy's hand. And the little man said, "Aren't you the
boy that can't remember to finish things? Aren't you getting tired of being told to
"Well, yes," said Billy, "I think I am."
"Well," said the little man, "how would you like to live in a place where
nobody has to finish anything?"
"Why, I think that would be perfectly lovely," cried Billy, his face lighting up.
"Very well, come along," said the other. "That's the land I come from, I
thought you'd like to live in that sort of a place too, so I came to fetch you. We'll
have to hurry, if we want to be there before dark."
And then a strange thing happened. While he was speaking, the little man began
to grow, and he grew and grew until he wasn't little any longer, but as big as Billy
himself, and then he grew and grew some more until he was as big as Billy's father,
and Billy's father was the tallest man Billy had ever seen. Billy saw something that
he hadn't noticed before and that was that the man had no buttons on his coat, and no
laces in his shoes.
, Billy's legs were beginning to ache with his long walk when they came in sight
of some house-tops among the trees.
"Here we are, Billy," said the man, "this is the town and there is my house at the
end of the street."
Billy thought it was the funniest town he had ever seen. The houses were all
crooked and looked as though they wanted to fall over, some of the windows had
glass in and others had not, some had no chimney and others no door. The children
playing in the street looked as though they had nobody to look after them, nobody
to brush their hair or wash their faces.
"Oh, why don't you have proper sidewalks along your streets?" cried Billy
as he almost fell over a rough stone.
"Well, they did start to make one," was the reply, "but somehow they never went
on with it, and just along here is a part that didn't get done. But here we are," he
added, as he opened the gate to the house he had pointed out as his own.
"l'm glad your house has a door to it, anyway," said Billy.
"Yes," said the man, "but the man who made the lock forgot to make a key, so
we'll have to climb in through the window."
4"I expect you're feeling hungry," said the man, when at last they were inside,
"wait a minute and l'll go and see if I can find some supperf'
When he had gone, Billy looked around to see if there was a place where he
could rest, but, as he was going to take a seat he noticed that the chair only had
"I expect someone forgot to finish that too," thought poor Billy, "I wonder if
I'm going to like living here as much as I thought I would."
"The cook said she made a cake," said the man on his return, "but she forgot
all about it, and now it's all burnt to ashes, so I'm afraid we won't be able to have
any supper tonight."
"Well," said Billy, almost crying, "if I can't have any supper please take me
upstairs to bed."
"Well, you see," explained the man, "although there's a bed ups'tairs, the man who
made this house forgot to put any stairs in it so We'll just have to sleep on the floor."
And then a big lump came in Billy's throat, but just as he was going to tell the
man that he did not like his land a bit, and he'd like to go home, he heard a voice call-
ing, "Billy, Billy, where's the boy who's going to put his game away, and come and
help Mother P"
And Billy sat up and looked around. Why, he was under the very tree
where he had first met the little man, and Billy found he was not nearly so sleepy
now as he had been when he thought he would have to sleep on the floor.
"Mother," said Billy that night, when his mother came in to say good night to
him, "Mother, would you like to live in a place where nobody had to trouble about
"I don't think I would, Billy," said lldother, "I think we'd soon find out that
it's the best plan after all 'to get things done, even when we don't want to do them
very muchg and I believe you'd think so too, Billy."
And Billy was quite sure he would, but he never told anybody why.
I 51 I
ABOUT A LITTLE GIRL WHO WAS AFRAID OF THE DARK
j what do you suppose it was that frightened her? The dark' Yes she was
?g.'lag1Q,3L.5,-Q afraid of the dark! All day long while the light from the great Sun lasted,
she played about, as happy as could be, but when the Sun went off to shine
for other little boys and girls, and left long shadows behind him and sometimes not
even the Lady Moon to light the way, then this little girl, who was a very little
girl indeed, would run to Mother or Daddy and cry, "O Mamma! Daddy! Please
hold my hand. I'm afraid of the b-ig Dark!" And neither Mother nor Daddy could
persuade her to sleep in the nice, quiet room upstairs, or make her believe that there
was nothing in the library when it was dark that was not there when the room was
One day the little girl--who was such a little girl indeed-was playing quietly in
NE time there was ai little girl, a very little girl, who was afraid--and
Y ' Qi . . .
her nice b-ig sand pile in the back yard. The sand pile was under a huge apple tree
and the branches with their many, many leaves spread over it like a roof and made the
place shady and cool. As the little girl sat there, digging and sifting the sand, she
suddenly heard a tiny noise--O, a wee tiny noise! It seemed to come from some-
where in the grass and it sounded like a very small voice sighing, "Oh, dear!"
Little Girl listened and again came 'that wee little yawny sound-"Oh hum!"
This time she discovered where the little voice was coming from-it came right out
from under a dandelion plant which grew in the grass at the side of the sand pile.
Little Girl waited a minute or so for the tiny voice to sound again, but when it did
not, she slowly and cautiously reached out and lifted one of the dandelion leaves-
and what do you suppose she saw there? All cuddled up in a tiny, tiny heap lay
the prettiest, daintiest little fairy you ever saw! Her little dress was made of gray
cobweb and on her head she wore a cunning little cap of pussy-willow fur.
When Little Girl pulled the leaf aside, this wee little mite yawned and stretched
her little arms, and blinked as if dazzled by even the dim light under the old apple tree.
"Oh!" exclaimed Little Girl, "were you asleep ?"
"Asleep ?" said the fairy, "it seems ages that I've been asleep, and I'm tired of it.
I wish night would hurry and come! The daylight lasts so very long!"
"Well, I wish it would last all the time," said Little Girl, "I don't like the dark,
it scares me, and I'm afraid to go to bed alone at night."
"Afraid of the dark ?" cried the little fairy, and she sat up and forgot to blink,
she was so surprised. "Why, how can you be afraid when you know that I and all
my brothers and sisters just live to make the dark nice and quiet and safe for girls
and boys like you? Why, we sleep all day every day, so we can keep awake more
easily and watch through the night. I have hundreds and hundreds of b-rothers and
sisters, and we go around every night and hide ourselves on the bed-posts and the
chairs, on top of the bureaus and beneath the beds, and all night long, while our
great Uncle, the Sun, is away, we watch in his place and keep all harm away from
little sleepers." A
"Why, l've never seen you before," exclaimed Little Girl, as she opened her eyes
big and wide, "are you sure you watch in my room every night ?"
"O quite sure," laughed the wee little fairy fand her laugh sounded like the
tinkle of a baby blue-belll. "But of course you can't see us in the dark, for our
clothes are made by the Tailor of Shadow-land, and you can't feel us because we are
fairies, you see! Oh hum-m-m! I do wish Uncle Sun would go away and then I
could get up and go about my watching. Won't you please cover me up again and
let me sleep? The time will then pass more quickly."
So Little Girl, who was such a very little girl indeed, tenderly covered the wee
tiny fairy with the dandelion leaf, and then she ran quickly into the house to tell
Mother that never again would she be afraid of the big, black Dark!
THE DREAM THAT MADE TEDDY A BETTER BOY
mf PQ N CE upon a time not such a long time ago there lived a little boy whose
..,,,, . .
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name was Teddy. Most of the time he was dear and good, but he had
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Q1 J one bad habit he was not kind to the insects and birds that lived about him
Often when a fly was buzzing up and down the window pane, trying to
find a way to get out into the bright sunshine, Teddy would very softly sneak up to
the window, reach out his hand, and swish, the poor fly was caught in his hand. Then
what do you think this naughty boy did? He pulled off both its wings and put it back
on the window sill half dead. Teddy wasn't a bit nice to the birds either. More than
once he had climbed a tree and taken a nest from one of the branches, and the poor
little birds were left without any home. He didn't stop to 'think that they would have
to build their little home all over again, and that it meant lots of work.
Now the fairies had been watching Teddy for some time, and you know they
like to help anyone who really needs help, so they made up their minds to protect the
birds and flies by showing Teddy just how naughty he had been. One day he had
been playing in his yard and had become very warm and tired. He sat down under
a big tree to rest, but all of a sudden he heard the strangest noises! Looking around,
he saw a whole army of birds and flies coming towards him. In front of them were
six fairies, dear tiny ones, in green dresses and funny little hats. Their pretty wings
were spread out like a butterfly's and sparkled in the sunlight. They stopped right
in front of Teddy, and the queen, stepping close to him, waved her magic wand
about him. At once he felt himself growing smaller and smaller, until it seemed to
him as if they were all larger than he, and he was dreadfully frightened.
"Now," said the fairy queen, "we are going to make you see how thoughtless
and cruel you have been. The first thing you are to do is to b-uild a nest."
Poor Teddy! He hadn't the least idea how to go about it, but he knew he must
try, so he began hunting around for bits of straw and wee little sticks. It was very
hard to find just the right size, and the birds kept looking at him with their bright
eyes, and chirped in such an amused way that Teddy felt very uncomfortable. With
each little stick he had to climb up the tree and carefully fit one on top of the other.
Many, many times he climbed the tree before the nest was finished, for you know
it takes a bird a long, long time to b-uild his nest neatly and carefully. Finally the
last straw was put into place and Teddy slid to the ground. How tired he was! He
wished he had never so much as looked at a bird's nest.
Teddy came and stood before the fairy queen. "Now, flies," she then said, "show
him how he has been treating you."
A buzz of pleasure arose from the flies as two of the largest ones came and
caught hold of his arms, and with a quick jerk pulled them off. Oh! how he screamed!
They did not care a bit. They caught hold of both his legs to pull them off, too, when
all of a sudden he opened his eyes. He looked at his arms-they were both on, and
peacefully sitting on the knee of his trousers was a fly, washing itself. Any other time,
Teddy would have tried to catch it, but he knew better now, and he was so glad to
find that he had only been dreaming that he laughed for sheer joy. And a little bird
that was sitting on the edge of his nest, chirped gleefully at Teddy, for he knew that
ever after this, his home would be safe. And really, it was.
A VISION OF SIN
v -. ,,
OWNWARD is our trend. "Down to the uttermost parts of the earth"
I Q ! is Dante s Journey And hither he is bound singing of the sacred song In
,im . , . . . . . . .
sheer mockery of the Divine. And who is this Dante that dares to face
this infernal region with blasphemy in his Soul? In answer we can only
say that it is Dante--but Dante who has undergone a metamorphosis of the Soul.
Evil in conflict with good soon contaminates the whole-and utter ruin is the result!
And such is this Dante who dares to en'ter the border-land of Evil to a sacred strain.
Dante's own Soul is within the grasp of the Evil Power, else he would not dare
to proceed, but fearlessly he does proceed, and we now behold him demonized and
to the strains of sacred music entering the realm of Evil undoing itself fthe grotesque
of all Artl.
Long had been the journey downward and many the trials pictured to this
Dante-until by constant contact he had taken on the cloak of Evil and marched
forward toward the very center of Evil, singing music of a sacred strain, making
a hideous blasphemy of it! And the result is the supreme embodiment in the form of
Satan Reigning on the throne of Devildom in the very heart of the world. Satan
stands viewed by Dante, who neither lives nor dies, but exists in a medium between
the two-because of the gigantic form that he now sees before him, which in reality
is Sin in its nakedness standing before the human Soul, a Type of all Evil crystallized
into one titanic being and the culmination of grotesqueness. In direct opposition to
all that is good and beautiful he stands as a picture of the negative world and just so
the picture must be painted ere the world gains a true focus on the Sin without her
mantle of deception. Neither Man nor Animal is this huge figure, but rather the two
commingled. Three faces of different colors, or three races of man, share alike in Sin
-a trinity brought to Devildom, here represents the countenance of the Evil. And
here let us note the negation of the Divine thought found and mocked in a realm
where angels fear to tread. The fallen Lucifer, too, carries the mockery of the
Angel wings in all the hideousness of a bat. They negate the beautiful! Shaggy are
the limbs of this gigantic animal and beyond the power of the imagination extends this
form, because beyond all imagination lies the size of sin. And the purpose of such
a character? Only that punishment be dealt to sinners, not the huge sinner needs
be dealt with colossal size but colossal is the shape of sin, hence a colossal rectifier.
And in all its magnitude, in its deepest negation, in the darkest hour of night, Dante
views Sin-when suddenly as if by a magic shot his Guide turns and Dante clings
tighter-the day dawns and a Soul is saved!
Dante and his guide start their ascent toward a higher light by using the limbs
of this Evil Power as a helping hand, and he now realizes that this monstrosity was
head downward fastened to the ice of indifference.
Hence Evil turned to good is a negation of the negative and a positive result
must be the end. just so Dante finds himself when in the darkest part of the night
in the ice-land of indifference to all fellow beings lifted by some helping hand, until
the day dawns, the stars shine, and a true spirit of greatness is born and reigns as
master over Hell. VIRGINIA STUART JONES.
,THE IDEA AND VALUE OF MUSIC IN THE KINDERGARTEN
NCD USIC arouses the emotions as no other Art does ln the kindergarten we
L . . .
aim to arouse and awaken the emotions of the child to the highest ideals
pg le y -. ig . . . . . . .
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X Un and the best there is in this life It IS our purpose to give him fundamentals
that will help to acquaint him with the world about him. We try to direct
his tastes to those things which will have the best influence over him. We tell him
stories that will form a foundation for the best literature when he is older. In just
the same way we try to have him become familiar with the music of the great artists
We give him selections in simplified form of Chopin, Beethoven, McDowell, and
all those who have given to the world the masterpieces in music. Thus by his daily
listening to the playing of this kind of music he is helped to form a taste and cultivate
a love for the purest there is, so in his later life he will care only for that which is
uplifting and beautiful.
Music also has its direct results in the kindergarten room. Wishing to instill
within him a feeling of reverence for his Creator, we use quiet music of an uplifting
nature that arouses his emotions to a sense of harmony and peacefulness. In this atti-
tude he is prepared for the prayer of thankfulness that follows.
In the songs that are sung a very great influence is brought to bear, for impressions
are made by certain emotions being aroused. During the game period the music is
helpful in marking rhythm, which is so necessary to help him feel the rhythm and
harmony of life when he does the thing that is right. So it would seem that music is
an absolute necessity in the kindergarten if we would conscientiously do our duty
by the child. LAURA BARTHOLOMEW.
MOTHER PLAY ABSTRACTS
"The Mother Play Book can be used by all people who wish to understand child
nature. It can be used for deep study by the Kindergartner, aiding her in her under-
standing of the development of child activities."
"In everything there is something beautiful if we are able to see and appreci-
"'Only where the inner rhythm of the child's soul is ordered, is it possible for the
child to be in harmony and timeg to 'walk in step' with God and his fellowmenf'
ELEANOR UNnERwooD. '
"We think of light as representing truth, purity, while darkness suggests evil,
sin. Light takes on an added significance when we study it as a symbol of insight.
Light has a wonderful effect upon the feelings of a child. We cannot begin too early
in our Kindergartens to use it in various ways."
"Shadow symbolizes evil and struggle. Strength is gained through struggle.
Often a greater spiritual light and strength are gained after a period of darkness,
strife and sorrow. Une appreciates the greater joys of life and possesses a deeper
sympathy after a time of sorrow when it seems that no light could possibly be beyond."
"The Window Songs arouse and quicken the sympathy of 'the child for what
is high and noble. We may teach the child to open the windows of his heart and soul
and let in the light of love and life, and then reflect it to his fellow-beings."
"This is a world of labor and each has his part to do. No matter how large
or how small his part may seem, if it is well done 'that is suflicientf'
I 56 1
"When we think of man's life as influenced by his will and character, we see that
he may be surrounded by light coming not from Without but from within, that he
has the power to make the world what he will for himself, and, to a certain extent,
for all about him."
"Through calling the children's attention to what the tradesmen do for them, we
make them conscious of their dependence upon the social whole, and also develop in
them a sense of individuality."
"Through the Trade Games the child gains the foundation for all the world's
work, and he understands better than ever before the truth of interdependence. He
learns to value humanity by its helpfulness, .and value material for its possibility of
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PLANS FOR MOTHERS' MEETINGS
fBased on the Mother Plays,
September--The Pigeon House. Show the picture. Read the motto and com-
mentary. The song may be played and sung. A paper may be read making the kinder-
garten application of the play. A general discussion and questions may follow.
October-When all the leaves are falling and the birds going south, "All Gone"
may be helpfully used.
N ofvember-"The Children on the Tower" suggests itself for use at this time.
The idea of retrospection is suggestive of the Thanksgiving season and a good one for
the mothers to keep in mind.
December-For this meeting "Tick-Tack" is good. The New Year suggests
Time and at this period "Time" is probably the subject of the kindergarten program.
As the punctuality of the child depends largely upon the mother, the "Tick-Tack" may
prove most valuable.
February-The Knight plays are appropriate for February. At this time the
Knight games are being played in kindergarten and mothers doubtless Wonder what
it is all about. If they had a little more knowledge 'they might be able to co-operate
a little better in working out the ideals of the games. A paper on Chivalry or the
Ideals of Knighthood might be prepared. Modern Knights, too, should be recognized.
Mar'ch-March with its winds suggests 'the Weather Vane. Miss I-larrison's
story may be told. At this meeting each member might bring a Bible quotation in
which the elements of Nature are used to express God speaking to man.
April--In April "The Little Gardener" might be used. lt is suggestive of the
season and will encourage the mothers to give gardens to the children. The Play,
with some study, will give them insight into the value of the work in the gardens. To
discuss plans for gardens and to give a list of easy growing plants would be helpful.
Ma,i'-ln May 'the "Light Bird" may be given to help the mothers lead their
children to an appreciation of art and nature. lt is especially fitting at this time when
all Nature is in bloom and each day so lovely.
June--The culmination of the year should be "The Little Artist," "The Light
Bird," has given the impressiong now in "The Little Artist" we have the expression.
Mothers should understand this. At this meeting work done by the children through-
out the year might be shown.
STORIES BASED ON THE MOTHER PLAY
Y the side of a cornfield grew a little dandelion plant. In the early summer
'ii' when the corn waved high and green the little dandelion low on the ground
A. T, ' v i
put out its leaves and the warm sunshine and the gentle rain helped it to
grow. After a while the sun shone down so hot and strong that the corn
began to turn yellow, and, on the ground, a little green bud came up from the dan-
delion plant. And Sally watched the little flower open, as each day it held its head
a little higher and opened its golden cup a little wider-for Sally had lived in the big
city ever since she could remember and she had never seen a dandelion before. The
other children would say to her sometimes, "There are beautiful flowers growing in
the garden, white and red and blue," and, looking at the flowers, Sally would point
to the waving cornfield and say, "The little gold dandelion is the most beautiful of all."
But one day a strange thing happened. The golden petals began to blow away
and in their place grew soft, silky threads 'that covered the head of the little dandelion
until it looked like a round ball of thistle-down on a green stem, and, just as Sally
was bending over it, wondering and wondering what had happened, a puff of wind
came over the cornfield, and whiff! all the little silky threads went flying off in the
air or down among the corn.
"Gone," said Sally, "all gone" fand she almost cried, she was so sorry about itl.
"First the little yellow flower, then the white dandelion clock--only a green stem
left, and I loved them all so much." Even the green stem went soon, for the reapers
came into the field and cut it down along with the yellow corn.
"They are not really gone, Sally," said Mother, when Sally told her about it,
"each of these silky threads carries a little seed, and in the spring you will find many,
many dandelions all over the field."
Sally did not know how such a thing could be, and she wondered about it often
while the snow lay thick in winter. And then one day, as Sally was out wandering
in the soft lllay sunshine, where the tiny blades of corn were appearing above the
ground, she found a new dandelion plant, and another, and yet another, here and
there all over the field.
"Oh," she cried, as she clapped her hands, "the corn is growing, and my dande-
lions are here again. Nothing really goes away after all l"
USY had a little garden bed all her own. She was so proud of it and care-
chif 0 . . .
fully planned just what she would like to plant in it. Mother suggested
-, lTl."' if .
poppies, and as Susy loved them better than any other flowers she knew of,
she was delighted. After the earth in the little bed was all made fine and
smooth, Mothei' helped her scatter the wee black seeds, and gently covered them all
over with earth. Before very long, tiny green plants came poking up, and, helped
by the rain and sunshine, they daily grew stronger and taller. Finally wee buds
appeared and when one lovely morning Susy went to her flower bed, she found that
a number of buds had burst overnight, and the rosy flowers were nodding and bob-
bing at her.
All summer long the poppy plants bloomed, and when Susy left for ag visit to
grandfather's, the bed was still a blaze of scarlet. After her return the first thing
she did was 'to run to her poppy bed, and found to her surprise that fat, round pods
had taken the place of blossoms. Tearfully she ran to bring Mother out and show
her the loss. "lVIy blossoms, Mother,l' she sobbed, "they are all gone."
"But Susy, dear," Mother comforted, "the little plants bloomed for you all
summer, and now they have left you something that is just as precious," and as she
spoke Mother picked one of the fat, round pods and opened it. Inside were ever and
ever so many of the tiniest black seeds-just like the ones Susy had planted in the spring.
"Ohl lVIother," she cried, "weren't the poppies just the dearest to give me all
these seeds? Now next year I can have poppies again, ever and ever so many, can't I?"
"Indeed you can," said Mother, "for each one of these tiny seeds makes a lovely
Q 19? Stu 7-1
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i Ch'-A HE progress of civilization and the increased complexity of social and
economic existence which accompanies it are marked by an increasingly closer
ip:Q.k,'Q relation between man and his neighbors. ln the early stage of man's exist-
V ence each individual had the freedom of unlimited territory. Each, for
himself, protected his own person and property from his neighbors. But communities
soon became larger, and as people lived closer together, such means were seen to be
inadequate. Therefore, society became organized as a body to protect itself and its
members from the harmful acts of its individual members. This body made laws
and chose men to enforce them. These laws are the evidence not of dependence or sub-
jugation but of a loss of manls one-time independence and its replacement by inter-
ln order for a large 'group of people to live together with the grea'test profit to
all, each must respect certain rights of his fellowmen as individuals and as a body,
and they chose laws as the expression.
Under such conditions, where each person's actions react so widely upon his
fellows, there is a need for the impression of some moral principle which will teach
individuals to act with regard to the effects of that action upon others. This great
need can be met by each one of us instilling into our own lives personal and civic
responsibility. VVe are all members of society, not free members or units, but inter-
dependent units of a larger and more complete body. VVe must all work in a certain
Way, heedful of the acts of others and heedful of 'the results of our actions.
l 61 l
FRHSHM EN GIFT SEQUENCES
KIN DE RGARTEN GCCUPATION S
BEGINNING OF THE SKILLED WORKMAN
MONG the many developments of kindergarten occupations is one which
'Vi 'I-43 . . . . . .
needs more emphasizmgg and that is the training of the hand itself, both
if N W 'f.
as a tool and a tool-user. This will last the child much longer than any-
thing he learns 'to make. He may lose his baskets, wagons, pictures, cer-
tainly he will not keep them long, but he will keep whatever of skill he gains in
handling the materials with which these were made. .
The hand is the tool of the spirit. It is man's principal means of expression.
What children wish to find out about, to investigate, they wish to take hold of. They
show this natural instinct in the "touch hunger" which makes them want to put their
hands on thingsg to touch them in order to see them better. If they are to learn to
make things they must learn to use their handsg they must learn how to handle not
only material but toolsg their fingers must not be "all thumbs."
There is one very natural and easy introduction to the occupations which has
been little used. This is "finger plays." All children love "finger plays," and they
have been much used in other ways. Most if not all of the occupations can be pre-
ceded by "finger plays" which will not only help the children to understand the
occupation, but which will also develop flexibility of the fingers. If accompanied by
songs or rhymes all the better. The following as a beginning of such plays is
fllodeling. The game of pat-a-cake in which the dough is rolled between the
hands and moulded can be transferred to clay modeling, the children telling what they
are making. It really is a modeling of dough. Or, one fist could be the lump of clay
to be molded by the other hand.
Stringing and Sewing. Use the pointer finger of one hand for the needle, and
make a round hole with the thumb and finger of the other hand. Put this up through
the hole only for stringing, and first up through the hole then down through it for
W eaving. Hold out one hand with the fingers extended. Use the forefinger
of the other hand for weaving. Sometimes you can even weave a little with two
Chain-making. Place the thumb on top of the pointer finger in the same way
in which one end of the strip is placed on top of the other to make the chain. If the
thumb is placed on top of each finger in turn the muscles of each finger will be
exercised. This can be played with the fingers of each hand.
Cutting. Make a pair of scissors with the pointer finger and middle finger, and
play at cutting.
Drawing. Draw pictures in the air with the fingers. Use also the old well-
known way of making shadow pictures, not only making them for the children, but
also helping them to make some easy animal heads for themselves. The moving of
the ears and opening of the mouths gives a very good exercise to the muscles of the
Children love 'to handle material, to roll clay in their hands, to poke their fingers
in it, pound it, in many ways to test its plasticity. So also do they like to roll, to
tear paper with their fingers. They need this handling of material that they may
become used to 'the feel of it, that they may acquire delicacy of touch. They should
be encouraged rather than discouraged in this "touch hunger."
In this way we not only help the children to master the occupation processes,
but also to develop flexibility of the fingers, skill in handling materials and tools, and
delicacy of touch.
., amy 0 -. y
M sv ,gjyflgbyb
Petty had a telephone call as follows:
ARDENT ADMIRER: "Do you like nut sundaes ?"
PETTY: "Yes, indeed."
, ARDENT ADMIRER: "All right, I'll be around next Sunday."
SENIOR PRESIDENT: "Oh, I can't write that, I've got about a dozen things
already to write up for the Annual."
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF: "Well for the love of Mike, please get busy and write some
of 'them down for a change."
Did you hear the story about the villain?
Well in a certain play he got shot in the end.
FRESHMAN GIRL: "Doris is excited."
DORIS: "I am not. I was never more reposed in my life."
All nuts don't grow on trees. We know.this to be a fact for Helen Jeffries often
spends the week end at Jackson Park playing with 'the squirrels.
The other day in class, Dorothee Ravene told Miss Davis that the diamond was
the most important of all symbols, and speaking of Dorothee, she also made the remark
at dinner one night, that she would never ask "her Harry" to come to dinner here at
the Dorm. She was expressing her sympathy for Alberta Wynkoop's husband. How
does she know about all these things? Ask usg ask us!
Also-The other day in gardening we were discussing gold fish, andihow they
should be cared for. The following bright remark was forthcoming from Dorothee:
"In our kindergarten the fish kept coming to 'the top of the bowl for air, so I
took out some of the water and put in some fresh water and the fish seemed more
comfortable and happy."
We should like to know how a fish looks and acts when he is comfortable and
happy. Perhaps Dorothee will write a book on "A Comfortable Fish."
A man entered the Pestalozzi-Froebel School the other day and asked to see
either Mr. Pestalozzi or Mr. Froebel.
MISS HAZZARD: "Nell, are you going to see Silas Marner with us ?"
NELL NISSEN: "Oh, I don't know. What's he playing in ?"
The "worry cow" would have lived 'till now
If she hadn't lost her breath.
But she thought that her hay
Wouldn't last through 'the day,
So she worried herself to death.
If you get thirsty at night, just remember that there is a spring under your bed.
-fn., ,, . A A-F-1 -----:S--1 fl ' :tM'f
THE CHILDREN 'S PAGE
DIRECTOR: "Children, where does silk come from ?"
BOBBIE fbrightlyj : "F rom the Corn."
One of the older children came into kindergarten to explain the absence of her
small brother: "Teacher, Johnny can't come to-day. He's got a boil and can't sit."
JAKEY fdesignating right and leftjz "This is my right foot and this is my
ANNIE tasking for a songl: "Let's sing 'Will you be my country 'tis.' "
CAnd shortly afterl : "Let's sing 'Of scrambled eggs the birdie sings.' "
One of the children came with a bad cold and the Director asked solicitously:
"Rudolph, did your mother give you anything for your cold ?"
RUDOLPH: "Yes, she gave me a handkerchief."
BILLY Cflourishing a picture of Sir Galahadl : "Say, here's the pure hearted boy."
' TEACHER Csweetlyl : "What do you mean by pure hearted, Billy ?"
BILLY! "Oh, his heart was nice and clean and smelled good."
A kindergartner once asked her children to make a noise like some animal which
they had heard. When she had counted three, there were noises of all kindsg but one
little boy sat perfectly quiet.
"Why, don't you know any animal to be ?" she asked him.
Unexpectedly he replied, "Shi I'm a rooster! I'm laying an egg!"
Grandmother was crocheting, and remarked that it was no wonder they called
the stitch "mile a minute," because it went so fast. Little Alice who had been watch-
ing her work, looked up and said, "Why, grandma, you've been working all afternoon
and havcn't even got a block yet."
TEACHER! "Johnny, where do we get milk ?,'
JOHNNY: "From the cow."
CHILD NEXT T0 JOHNNY: "Well., where does the cow get the milk ?"
JOHNNY! "From the milk weed, of course, you boob!"
TEACHER: "Now children, let's play that we are snowflakes."
TOMMY! "The rest of you can be snowflakes if you want to, but l'm going to
be a cornflakef'
BASIL: "Teacher, when vacation's over, I'm goin' to have whiskers."
TEACHER! "Yes, when you're a man then you'll have whiskers."
BASIL: "No, after vacation! I'm goin' to plant seeds and they'll grow!" '
The children are looking at the picture of a boy on snowshoes. "He's skating,"
said one. "No, he isn't," asserted Willie, positively. "He's walking on tennis
Lila was telling the sympathetic kindergartner of the death of her little dickey bird
who was caught by the cat. The kindergartner said, "Yes, my bird died, too." "What
was the trouble with your bird ?" asked Lila. "A bad cold," answered the teacher.
"Well, our bird," said Lila, sadly, "really had no occasion for dying at allf'
The 'teacher was telling her children that the world was round and turned every
twenty-four hours, when she was interrupted by Marshall with an inspiration, "No
wonder I fall out of bed every night!"
Johnny arrived early at kindergarten and amused himself playing with the
chickens in the school yard. Later in the morning the kindergartner asked him to
climb in the pen for the ball which had fallen there. Johnny, though usually bold,
was overcome with fear. "Go on, Johnny," said the teacher, "the chickens won't
hurt you. I know they won't." "You wouldn't be so sure of that," said Johnny, pale
with fright, "if you knew all the things I done to them this morning."
Aspiring Winifred, "When this country goes to war, Ilm going to be drummer
boy! But as long as Wilson's president we'll never go to war, I guess. There's
another man Cwhat's his name, anyWay?l when he gets to be president, then we'll
have war." "Do you mean Roosevelt, Winifred?" the teacher questioned. "Yes,
that's his name. VVhen he gets in we'll have war. Then I'll be drummer boyfl
, ,.... L... .. .--la W .......-........., -,-3--r .
IT PAYS TO ADVERTISE
BOLD SENIOR-To tie my chair down in
programme class. Frances Wetmore, College
TOOL-To call my number in class meeting.
Ask for Zeda. Brunson at Any Dorm.
TACTFUL CONVERSATIONALIST-To apply
to Miss Harrison for her pictureg references
GIR-IZ4fStrong in the arm to open windows for
RAPID WRITER-To help me take notes.
Helen B. Stout, Toronto, Canada.
HANDY MAN--For Faculty use. Must be
willing and able to speak foreign languages,
,among them Sniderism. Apply to Francis M.
A SQUIRIIEL--To gather up the -- at N.
SOMEONE-To drop a. bomb between Hawkin-
son and Deutschman.
AT ONCE-A "little old last year's Ford,"
for general use in Field Science and trips to
view Promethus, Athena and Mothers."
RUSH--A synonym for "psychosis"
QUICK SALE-For "New Game." Consult
WAN TED-A soft voice for the Secretary.
VVANTED--A fire bell in Room IV.
TO RENT-A spring suit. Apply to Mabel
"THE BARN"--Limited season, from August
lst to September 15th. Garbage pails go with
A HOOK in Margaret Brayton's locker. Only
small tenant need apply.
SPACE at the table in Primary Methods.
GIFTS from cupboard. Apply to Miss Mc-
Clellan in person.
FOR SALE-Half interest in Eunice Grover.
"BUSY CARD"-9x9. Hand made. Parties
moving. Koerper and Mulligan, 3rd floor Dor-
WHAT I AM ASKED
Kindly refer me to the best authority for the correct spelling of encyclopedia.
Any student of N. K. C. can give you the desired information.
D ear Editor :
In case of fire-drill in a college, is it necessary for the Seniors to march out of the
building? SENIOR PRESIDENT.
It is quite unnecessary as the Seniors are "under fire" most of the time anyway.
How can I cure snoring? My room-mate is much disturbed. SNORER.
A piece of court plaster is an excellent thing. Before going 'to bed, shut your
mouth and apply court plaster, sticking it down securely across the lips.
N ate-An invaluable suggestion has come to us from the N. K. C. Dormitory.
In case of fire-drill during the night, it is well to remove court plaster before answer-
ing Roll Call.
Can you give me an example of continuity of space? FRESHMAN
Certainly, Mabel Tolles.
How can I keep order in a large chorus class of girls? DISTRESSED.
Try having the girls keep their fingers on their lips when not singing. For
further ideas write to Mrs. Kohlsaat at the National Kindergarten College.
N. K. C. A MATRIMONIAL BUREAU
HIS is an exact copy of a letter received not long ago by the College We
" 'lrlilx-1"lill ' .
PFI ui' . . '
Q4 are sure that those who have not yet been informel of this new department
-ffl. . . . . .
li-4 'r'-53. 1 1
in the College will be deeply interested and will not hesitate to take
advantage of the excellent opportunities which it presents:
Chicago, Ill., Sept. 11, 1915.
Dear Gentlemen at the National Kindergarten College:
I am a temperance Polish bachelor, am 46 years of age, but i look to be 30-am
kind hearted and love children-am a lover of home-i love all nations and live 37
years in Chicago and have a clear record. i have a 3 room furnished attick Hat for
my own money and i teach English and Polish french and interpret in Courts. I am
24 years at this business. i also sell Real Estate and also manufacture the best Foun-
tain Pen Ink on the market, i sell to banks and i also manufacture a new Liquid Soap
that kills Roaches and kills Bed Bugs and cleans all kinds of spots off clothes and
other wood spots. i want lady agents, they can earn easy 55.00 per day. I am also
tired of single lifeg if you dear gentlemen no of any lady from 25 to 50 years of age
and if she has 5,000 or 10,000 cash and wants to get married i will marry her and
pay you 100 cash for your kind heart. i want the money to put in my business and get
my goods all over the stores. i have my goods in 6 stores. i am poor. i am a ma-
chinist by occupation. i will now end my letter wishing a reply soon in the future.
My hours to meet me are 7 a. m. to 10 p. m. and 7 p. m. to 10 p. m. I remain yours
Jewels bright and jewels fair,
Who will buy my jewels rare!
HEN the Roman matron Cornelia called up her two sons to present them
to her wealthy friend, I feel quite sure Calthough history does not record
, U, . , It the factl that she called upon each of the boys to perform some stunt which
would prove to the vain, glorious guest that they were remarkably clever
children. If she did not do this she ought to have done it.
Therefore I am merely exercising my "inborn interest, impulse and desire" when
I call your attention to the unique excellence and rare individuality of this volume.
Every article in it is a jewel, dug for, discovered, cut, polished and set, ready for sale.
If you happen to be so saturated with your psychological and pedagogical read-
ing that you can not perceive its literary merit allow me to assure you that Homer
never recorded more clearly his vivid narratives, that Dante never pondered more
sadly the problems of human depravity, nor did Will Shakespeare ever laugh more
heartily over the comic situations in his plots than have our contributors, editors,
publishers, proofreaders and fans striven to give to you their best. If you have
breakfasted, dined and supped so long on the brutalities and horrors of the war news
on the first page of your morning paper, or the editorial in your weekly journal, or the
article in your monthly magazine that nothing less than a German advance or an
allies recapture can hold your attention, then so much the worse for you. You may
have lost the power of seeing the uncommon nature of the contents of this Annual
and thereby have dimmed your power of appreciating what we herein present.
Remember, "When a child's treasure seems trash to you it is because your eyes
have grown dull." In other words, if you do not see the merit of both form and
content of this little volume it is because you have become----I let you supply
, ,, . .
I 73 l
'K P" ,-u -1
i' hip- 'Q 'O
'Q-". 'Y ' .
. .-13. 3
4 " -,x
Our N. K. C. Annual nazfz made nts' ddbut,
Ana' now, frzbnds, 12 only renuzznetlz ,hr you
To loyally give 12' tlze prnzlve wfnklz zlv due."
Do You Know Where to Get
Kindergarten Materials and Books?
Blank Sewing Cards Educational Clock Dials
Colored Sticks Folding and Cutting Papers
Cabinets Gummed Dots
Charts Kindergarten Tables
Colored Tablets Kindergarten Chairs
Colored Paper Weaving Mats Kindergarten Gifts
Cubical Counting Blocks Magic Dots for Little Tots
Educational Toy Money Numeral Frames
Outline Pricked Sewing Cards Slats for Plaiting
Paper Strips for Chain Making Sand Tables
4 Parquetry Blocks Schute Weaving Cards
Pegs and Peg Boards Straws and Beads for Stringing
Paper Weaving Needles Tablets
Parquetry Papers in Boxes Tinted Weaving Mats
Papers for Stringing Toy Knitters and Outfits
Rubber Balls Wood Lentils
Every Kindergarten Teacher Should Have
These Three Books
The Cut-Out Book. Ruth O. Dyer. A book of silhouette patterns for
cutting and pasting, including an illustrated alphabet, Mother Goose designs,
etc. 128 pages. Paper. S0 cents.
Children's Singing Games-Old and New. Mari Ruef Hofer. An
excellent and popular collection of thirty-nine singing games with words, music,
descriptions of costumes and full instructions for playing. 42 pages. Paper.
Popular Folk Games and Dances. Mari Ruef Hofer. Fifty-four
popular folk games and dances of the different nations, complete with Words,
music, descriptions of costumes and full instructions for playing. The choicest
collection published. 56 pages. Paper. 75 cents.
ESTABLISHED IN 1883
. Flanagan Company
521 South Wabash Avenue, Chicago
Kindergarten Furniture, Kindergarten Books and
General Kindergarten Materials
We are headquarters in the Northwestern states for everything pertaining to
the Kindergarten. We also supply Reed, Raphia and all kinds of material for
construction workg also the Bradley Standard Water Colors and BroWn's
Send to us hr our 118-page Kindergarten Catalogg also Catalog of the Pictures
THOMAS CHARLES CCMPANY
Northwestern Agents for MILTON BRADLEY CO.
207 North Michigan Avenue, Chicago
Albert Teachers' Agency
623 South Wabash Avenue, Chicago
secures positions in the best schools for
Kindergarten and Primary teachers. Also
supplies normal schools with Kindergarten
Training teachers. Our little booklet-
"Teaching as a Business"--is a pamphlet
which everyone who intends to go into
school work should see. Sent free.
TELEPHONES DOUGLAS 6881 AND 6882
William J. Smyth
Comer Michigan Avenue and Thirty-first Street
ESTIMATES ON FLORAL DECORATIONS
CLASS AND FRATERNITY PINS AND RINGS
Dealers in Dzkzmonds : Makers of MOMYZZZEZQS
27 East Monroe Street
At Wabash Avenue
Soda "- Pfzotograpazk'
Ice C reams For Sapplzbs
Candy Drugs Staizbnery
ASK "H BB RD"
Oar slat St' Habba1'd's
To ilet A rricles PH ONE C a rio
Are Calumet Toilet C ream
THE 6152 Keeps Clzaps
BEST PRESCRIPTIONS Away
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