NYU Washington Square College - Album Yearbook (New York, NY)

 - Class of 1937

Page 1 of 278

 

NYU Washington Square College - Album Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection, 1937 Edition, Cover
Cover



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Text from Pages 1 - 278 of the 1937 volume:

I l ClOl'YlllIill'l' 1 U fi 7 All Rzglzls 13f'.sm'1'z'rl by IEROMIQ BROOKS 4 f th L zlifml by illfilwxsli Buoolis. l2Ilf1llA.Nfl1'Kl A11111 Ill ffm .Sfzrnzg by lf1f'.Sl11rlf'f1f.x of 'XX .xsruxumx SQVAIUQ C0lAI.l-iflli. Xliw Young l'x1x'1A1u1'1 x I I OOO TO TIIOSE STUDENTS AND FACULTY IVHOSE DEVELOPING SOCIAL AND POLIT- ICAL CONSCIOUSNESS IS BRINGING THE UNIVERSITY OF TODAY INTO THE VAN- GUARD OF PROGRESSIVE ACTION, IVE DEDICATE THIS BOOK. 1 ,ggi nm 4 Qx wg it Aeraetw xx 8, 4K.,1B 1 , .W ,' f v ,-J fx' my 'lg .iii f 'S H lf W, . ... Y , ,m -- X .I Mr f 1, .fm 9. - f .V. Q . 5 t P' 'I 9 mix 'KL I! si kkiak xg iw b X AM 4, 1 , . JQr W , fn,-M is r , Y . s Q N 3 ' Q , 'L . X Q R A G U., fs . ' nn Q 'a K it ,,, 3 ., i ,uf ' Mr M . N En Ax 'L 1 . e A ,f 'Q fmnf I B .M K, . MM if Y A X , . , my :W ,1 -f A , - lx x G. . 1 f W A VV I M - '93, 3' . . A 'fl in .. , :Q ? 1' K XM, , ,.. 5 ,ff ,M fr W IP A W ' xiii. " Q it 0"Hk..o" g 4 , 2, W V, K Z, i an L, N 5' Q - 6 'QL Q 1 f-4 ,FV 5 Q 3" 'N 'N . "- ,. , 1- 'Q ff-1 an 'W ar . . H, W ex, f X , N J 'nl' 'f' Q 53, , ,' e+ ' Q 2wX l l 9 4' y 4 ff, as V Q Q he , 'S L ' 5 I A -Q if K V I C 3, K, , Y M, K ' wg Y H .ff .ff , ,,,. N' x Q as- iv F V. 40' gf in 0, I ju I in 5 V' l, - in 1 'ol U in 5 N "' R E 1 ' X A X ,. A , ' K X S ' 5, .rv V , - 9, 'A 0 f- Q -My . , . K v Q, 1 f..- mg , 1 , , f A fn. , A A I KV: 1 4 A ,, if 1 V . Q f in qxr .F , x. X ,W ..,,, Q H f . K El ! jf A 5 -f 5 . s , A f' Q V ' rg! K V. : V1 I kvik , f W '7 yy ?Q'Qf4m ,g QL, X z'f w ' Q, a W W. ' ,, ' f x Q 5 4' A ,ai Q 5 W Q f A' ' f ,saggy K W 6, .. ,,L. V A Q K 'ii 6 'Es , Jn.- ,. D F 'x 'S it x f 'lk if V M 11 THE DEAN ATE . . . . . . and was gllvrl of honor at approximately lws-nly flll.l.l'l'l'lll ban- quf-ls during the past vollegv yi-ar. Tha- iial variml l.l'0lll il flinnor of thc New York lfniu-rsity Alumni Club of New ,li-rsf-y . . . to the Evening Alumni 0r,L:anizaliun's UllI'i5llllilS flilllli'I' . . . to thu Bullvtinns annual fvasl. ALlll7lVl lakes ils hat off In Liberal, avlive D1-an llflillon E. lioomia. Z I W V X fy X A Ax Y 5 if Z -fl g f xX S X . VM My , ,. - K X 2 4 af xg V x., - Qc, ' f , Q 'Q' N f 5 ' 11? 5 ' 1 ,, 1 W f ' f A 0' 5 ' 'Km f . 1 V 1 2 :V 1 1 1 f ' , 'f mf' 'N s X ' Y ' M 35 Tw WX , qi j., W : . A 2 , ? g f X , L ,y , . wx mv JJ' , M " ' fn-4 Q f . W ' ww ww- 3 M ' , 1 W A, - .ff ' is 1-.Q S' - .2 , ' , 15:4 4 . , , Q f 3 if ZA A, 't X il- -f ' ' ' 4 . 'H ab . , mf, Q .g fi E525 , v 1 ff s a ' ' .1 W xx X ? 1 y,- 4 Q ' -:- 3 gk smgsw WX Q95 , W2 1 ff f f 1 5,4 mx x 'wiv , an 4-.V Q Wg 'Q Q - W, 4 Gentlemen of the H. HAROLD .-XXXVORTHY, Ph.D. Clmirmnzz of llze CUlIHl'lY.ffK?E? on Slzlflcrzl Affairs ALEXANDER BALTZLY, AAI. Assfslrzzzf Drfnrz JOSEPH RICHARD TOVEN, A.M. Asszfslnnl S1'1'rclm'y and Ilircclor of Aflvisemcnl 1-'RANK HOXYLAND MCCLOSKEY, Pl1.D. HERMAN M. PARTRIDGE, BLS., I'h.D. flssisinnf I0 1116 Dann Administration ROBERT BRUCE DOXV, Ph.D. Ifnfzzlly Conzllzlrollm' CHARLES PATRICK BARRY, BS., LL.M. Secrclnry RUDOLF KAGEY, Ph.D. ,ixsislrrzzl In lim Dean XVILLIANI CARUTH Mzu:'1'AYI5H, 15.8, AAI. .-Irlwisffz' I0 Cfnllrgr'-Jlcflicfll and College-Ilwzlnl SfI1l1K7IIf.S CHARLES RAYMOND HIELD, A.M. X. Y. .-I. A1ln1ini.vlmlm'for l'Vn.vl1ingI011 Sqzmn' Collcgf: The F aeulty With Some of Their Comments on Recent Trends 5 A , W bw 215312521 ggqg., .fiw 2 'V v Xe 1 was JA f ..,Q:, 9?-fi-,S ' 5,5 XS M z '::E:,I. wiv -wx sf' 1 E' S + Q5 5. 5 x ,ti V I , n ' 1 X 1 I Q 1 9 5 a J, 2 K 5 4 as ffl 1552 as .M ww...,x1w.Q11..., r fy-mw.254g.. ., ,, 'i?if?EfWE5i'2?2Za2i41 ,imwu -'112-Ifeezzisgzzfiiszzsw' 5-view.: X Rf f 4 ff 5 3 JE f fl nl fn' Miva H' 'J 1 I I X, 1115,-.Q lf! 1 we ffffiiifpgai , .. ., .I k ,V., V..f, W N W , .V V. ,, K Q ,. " I J .--wzzzx z wx: ':-mf' ,- ...Sym .M-V 1 2 Av' 2 Y! 1 is ff fi f f,"' ff .ff r 5? Wi . ... xt A 1 5 nf 1' 1 1 K, , If f ' I 1 I , - I ' , S t ah- 2 xr " . . . , .. U , Q a v ,,.,,.u 5 'Y L ' , Q , f ,J-mf . .. - - . ' 1 -- lru ag.. 2 v,,, " 'fi H x f fiii, its -J f .. ...N X Q ' ' . :'- .. .. -W --WMM ' ,L - WM, V, S :M , -f' -A , . 5 . N 5.3 E ,5'.19!'.7-i .M ,V mx L.. F. . , 8 M '- If'-1,, kfff .fw ' mqf1...- -.Q-wffj ,jr ,L .f - 1- K Q H - ' A +1 1- .sf :53,1511Qj-aj55gg,,: '.g.. .kjffm I. JH ' f . , vu, 'il 1 affix? A RQ, 5 932' 1 . . a 'fa-"ii " in A 11-M- -ff-. :S'. ' '?Vfi,,'s-21215222 - . W .Q,....,.. Y, - 1. Z- .5 J .1WQsf1:fis1f,- ff - f. ., ,f,.c,, w3:m i M . ,,.... , .... . -,., Aj M .,,, ., . 1f2ff11fI!22:e. -1 ,. g'Y'3w5:'iEes,..a f Q 5fffs2-ff:s1fms.- . - ,shzzssszgssi45'1'4+s 1. ,,w.m.f.- f .w.11KsQx1i.1e,M4fk - 7.1.1-.1 , 1 MW. . -. .. . ww ..,, ix H ,Jar . 4 . A.. fisfgxfff .,,,. . ,Mi F,,jig Wssimfbiwqlkifgqgke,xggiy me s?4S?2i15f3fsiif'iTziiiysaw? Q. ' Ifffwifw ff wM:azz.1,,f. ww. ff. ,- , -,.f.gg ' ' -f A '- '1 g -yr ?'MF'WQ1ssff..si :si-41' E" ,PV Q ,C . :xg '11 3 .5 5 14ifffz:f1f'5,?f'w? 32' T .F .,.k., . LP' fl , L1 lc -.f - rg ' 1 s 45- 4' M 5 . .V X , 'Q .5 if I is if i Q 5 Q '52-WQEZPTIXH 1. 72:3 ' ffijff gags :3,..,s: K f ,L5. NUv,5s1, K , V. .fi ,,. ,Q , f my .min M. .V ff if I 'fx 1 A f' 5 fa, 5 . ' ' ,-:. f,If:E'fL. f:,,. . . f.2?.aff,,'gLggg.1nk 2 - wwf 5 W V , , I if sg' 4 , 5 XLLSOX ITREIDI-IRICZIQ ,YDKINS ,Xl.IiXAXIJliR 1. .Xl.I.l-1X WIILAXRD E. ATKINS ,ls.vi.1n111fA1J1'r1y'w11.1m' Uf1'JIlg'H.YlI I11st1'11f'!m'1'11 fffIl'IlIi5U'Y Profcxxor of Et'l?IItIllIffS, Clzairmfm of 1 -X-Bu I-Ylllily 181202 .Y-NIH ,l'l'illi1Y- 1921i BS.. B111L11vll. 1922: .Y.NI., fzibllllllbill. 11125: jmllrlzzfrzl I'h'D-- YUM- 1925 D,D,S,. X1-11 York lvl1iYCI'SilY. Ifjfil I'h.B.. Chicago, 10145 A.M., Albion, 1916 t1I1ic':1go, 1918 .1 i ii AIJCXQYNDER B.XI.TlI,Y WIILIABI NI. BAYRLOW MARY ICLIZABETH ISARNICILE P1'of1's.sor of llixlory, flssixtanl 1211111 of lim Cul- Professor of Sjmnislz, Cllllfflllllll of Spanish Dv' Ilzslrurrlor in English Ifvgw parfnzwzl A.B.. Broxvn, 1913 A.lE..Ha1'vz111l. 19123 AAL, HilI'Y'2lI'CI. 1913. AB., New York I,Tll1YCl'SiIY, IQISQ AAI.. X1-11' York lvl1iYl'I'iilY, 1923 ' 1 I.Ol'lS BARON ISRAICI, IYYROXVAY .YNIDRI-I A. BLLYITBIONT, JR. l11.slr'111't01' 111 .1IIIflII'IlIIlfIvCS fIIYfI'Ilf'llH' I-11 Erzgfhslz .-I.1.mr'i11l1' I'r0fr'ss0r of Hi.slm'y ILS., New York IvIl1YClxSilY, 1Q2Nj NLS., New .X.lS,.jul111s Hoplxim. 19215 PI1.D., 11111112 Hop- AB.. Yzrlc. 19213 AAI.. Princ York L'ni1'c1'si11. 19311 " . ' " kms, 1930 1922, l'I1.D., l'1111ceI011, 1925 -IARLICS MORRIS BELL. QIR. ,-XNTUX A. BENEDETTI-PICHLER XI,XR1'IAX BFRNSTI-IIN A 1 Tl'!lf'lIlIIQ l'11'HUIl' 111 Cl11'111i.vl1'1' .l.s.si.sIr111I IJVO-fF.S.XUl' of Cl1r'n1i.sl1'y .l.s'.11.s'l1111I 1JI'fI.l!'.S.S1H' nj .Uzlxzr BS.. I"1'z111kli11 111111 Nl:11'sl1:1ll. 1933 CIl1.li.. 'l'cc'l111iwcl1c Il0L'lISC'lllllC. G1111. 19211: D13 ILS.. New York l'11ixc1'sily, 1925: XlllY.lg,. New vllfffll. Sr.. ,1'CCllllliCl1C HC1C'llNllllllC. Graz. 1922 York L'111u-wily. 1927 ENNETH CIARK BLANCHARD VERNE H. BOOTH WARREN ESPY BOWER Associnle I,I'0ff'.YSOl' of Biology ,,lssi.1Iar1f 111 Geology Ill.Sll'lll'f0I' 111 Iinglislz A.B.,Cl111'k, 19215 Ph.D., NI.I.T., 1929 AB., johns Hopkins, 192.1 A.B., Hillsdale. 1920: AAI.. BIicl1ig:111, 1923 1 l l .AJ RTHVR CLliUl"l"RlCY BRUKX LDYWX BERRY BlfRGl'Nl JXKIFS BURNHANI ,'l5,Sl.5'llllIl 1,l'Ufl'SSOT of History xl-V-Yflffflll' l'V0ff'5SfH' of lillglixll 11556111111 1'l'Ufl'.Y.YUl' of PI1il0.voj1lzy AB., l51ilisl1 Columbia, 19215 1'l1.l1., CUl'IlCll, AJS., D1ll'llU0llll31 1915: .X-Nl.. IIL11'1'n1'd, 15117: A.B., P1'lllLCl0ll, 19273 AB., Oxford. IQ l 1927 lll.D,, Illinois, 1921 A,B,, Oxfgydy RECENT TRENDS 1E1111o1"5 X1116: IJOIIT1 116 f1'1g1I1t'1I!?l1 by 111656 111111'16s. Y011 1116, 111161 1111, c0116g6 5l11116111s. You 1111116, by 110111, g'0116 f11140lIg1l 111 161151 11 y6Y11' of t'1I1S.YF.Y,f y011 1111116 j1os.s'1'111y 116611 11110111111 for 115 77107117 115 111116, 611611 six, y61115. Y011 1111116 11611111 7111110118 l11l'0fC.S'.S'01'.S' 16611116, 37111 1111116 f91'01211111y 11111116 10 16111- 1z6 11101 1111151 of 1116111 1116 111117711771 1JK111g.S'j 111111 1111111y of 1116111 1111116 .S'011716111111g of 16111 11111116 10 Slly. 13611111115 you 1116 Z1'071l161'17Ig 115 10 11111611161 or 11ol 1116y 116101Ig11I 1-1LBU1lI. 1'VCft'f61 111111 117631 110. AIQBUAI 15 I1 j't'I111J001fI S07I1C11111Ig 111111 you 111111 1:6611 111111 Iook 111 01161 11 1011g 11611011 of 111116. IV6 d6F111t?I1 111111 I1 561165 of !l1'1l'I'1ffS 011 1666111 11611115 111 Z!f11'10'ZlS fI?1I1S, 11111111611 by 111611111615 of 1116 IV.S.C. fIIFll11j' 1.11 l937, 111011111 116 1111 115561 10 I1 11111111 111111 1111151 11IIf7111I1111j1 1161101116 I1 16111 of y01lT C0116g6 j1El11'S.D The Past Year in Literature It is difficult to summarize in any simple formula the changes American literature has been undergoing during the last year or so. No definite direction of change, certainly, can be charted. The several forms of literary ex- pression do not seem to be responding to any single predominant iniluence. The produc- tion of poetry, for instance, has reached the lowest level in several decades. XVhen Audrey XVurdermann continues to take prizes for put- ting the cliches of sentimentality into meter, one can only hope that the tide 11111511 tu1'11. Even the poetry of the left, which a few years ago showed promise, has failed to discover its suitable technique and develop into a move- ment correspondent to the 11615 111116 before the IVar. And yet our left poets remain our best, and all is not lost when we can point to Archibald MacLeish's 131111116 5111861711 and Mur- iel Rulceyser's T1I601'Ql of F11g111. In England, where left poetry achieved a signal success with the group around VV. H. Auden, those poets are turning more and more to the essay and the dramatic sketch as their form of ex- pression. The outstanding achievement of Ameri- can literature has been in the popular field 16 of the moving picture. Though the general level of quality remains low, it has never been so low as in foreign films. And though the best of the Russian and French Iilms still sur- pass our best, if we can judge from those shown in this country, we are rapidly attain- ing the quality theirs seem to be losing. The newer Russian pictures lack the closeness of structure and the excellency of photography that made Vertov and Eisenstein famousg they tend to become historical chronicles or trav- elogues in which the interest in plot becomes secondary to factual or historical accuracyg and instead of 11 INYOZIS 111 L11161l6 or P011 116 C111ot16, the French are now offering us a Rabelaisian C11111111111 171 F1111111615 or the faulty emphasis of L11 1l1II1161'716116'. In the United States, though the customary falsihcation of life continues in the majority of Elms, which do no more than depict the wish fulfillment of our lower middle classes, there has arisen a strong sudden tendency towards realism. Per- haps it began with certain parts of Charlie Chaplin's 1TTOI1C1'?Z TZ'7716X. It has continued in several films of the Irish civil war, in F111y Qabout a lynchingj, in Mr. D66115 G065 10 T011111 fwhich recognizes the unemployment situationj and in the details of several films The Social Sciences Conhdent assertions leading to clear con- clusions are probably not to be expected from social scientists living in the confused environ- ment of today. Individualistic democracy in America, social democracy in France, fascism in Italy, fascism in Germany, and socialism in Russia each have their own economics, psy- chology, and political science. There is little of the pre-war scholars easy confidence that they were, at least, heading in the right direc- tion. Accordingly it is not surprising that the past year has produced no startling revela- tions, no brilliant guesses, and no monumental literature. There is an old platitude, familiar to all students, that each generation must rewrite the history of the past. But we of this genera- tion are in no such easy position as that. XVC are impelled to write three or four different histories of the past, and make as many differ- ent guesses about the future. Each volume, whether of psychology, sociology, government or history is at once suspected of embracing one of the divergent viewpoints, and read principally by those of similar persuasion. The most disruptive ellects of this rise of doctrinaire philosophies are to be seen in Germany. So great has been the exodus of social scientists under the Hitler regime, and so circumscribed the thinking of those who remained, that the Fatherland has lost all claim to the priority it so long enjoyed. ln Russia the ellects have been mixed, but on the whole represent a decided gain for science. llvhile some types of research, and some con- clusions have been discouraged 'or forbidden, the increase in the amount of money and en- 20 ergy devoted to the social sciences exceed those of any other country in the world. Of all the social sciences, psychology is perhaps the least affected by differences in philosophical approach, but on the other hand it is in many ways dealing with the most difficult subject matter. The past year has witnessed a continuation of the application of laboratory technique, and quantitative measurement, but no conclusions have been reached that importantly alter existing theory. Economics, on the other hand is probably, along with history, most dependent upon phil- osophical premises. lVhat weird and wonder- ful theories of Hnance will be necessary to ra- tionalize the Nazi internal credit structure! Sociology has taken an important formal step forward in its battle for equal recognition with the older social sciences through the es- tablishment of an official Amcrinnz Sorirnlogic- nl Iicrficzu. At the same time, this is another proof of the growing lack of homogeneity of opinion that I have been harping on, for this new publication will parallel the existing ffNlI'l'I'I'IllI jourzml of Sociology published at Chicago University. The separate identity of the anthropolo- gists for better the Anthropologistj at lV.S.C. is symbolic of the increasing activity in this basically all-important science. No new theo- retical conclusions have been reached this last year, but several discoveries such as the rem- nants of the very old Folsom culture in Ne- braska and Colorado, and a more complete tracing of Paleo- and Neo-lithic man offer new material for study. The death of l'rofessor EIERICZ ERNST NHNNA KI. FALK F,-XY li-XRNVNI I wfrssm of Pl'E'I1!'lI IIl.5'l'VIlf'fUI' in History fi.Y.S'fSfI1lIf Ihrafessrn' of lllailizfnzrllirs .-XIB.. Arhenee Royal Delnelguque, 19o6: AAI.. B.S.. New York lf11iversil1'. 19263 AAI.. New SLB., Iowa Stale College, 19093 AAI., Cornell YN1sco11s111. 1911 York l'11iversily, 19273 Ph.D., New York Uni- 19153 Ph.D., Cornell, 1929 versity. 1933 ANTON FRIEDRICH CIEDRIC GALE DAVID CANS .lssoriatff l'rofessor of Econonzics, I,fl'f'l'f0l' of slssisfnnt in English III.Sf7'IlffOT in Matlzrfzrmtics the Iliwisiml of Unijird Sturlirs A.B., New York University, 193113 AAT., New BS., New York Uiiiversity, 19283 ,-LB.. Beloil College, 1917 York University, 1931 AAI.. Har1'1ml, 19311 NIOND L. GARMAN ROBERT GAUNT ROBERT J. GESSNER Vnslrurtor in Chenzislry Assistant Professor of Biology Iizstrurlor in English Franklin and Marshall, 19293 XLS.. New .-LB., Tulsa, 19292 AAI., Princeton, 19303 Ph.D., A.B., Michigan, 19293 AAI., Columbia, 1930 York University, 19313 Ph.D., New York Uni- Princeton, 1932 rersily, 1932 Ro1s1:RT cH.xx1111aRs H01.L1s R, 11001111 R1cgH,xRn c1oLiRAN'1' lff'sz'z1rclz PIi!Ifl'.8'.8'!Il' of Biology Inxtrurtor in Al!lf,1l'I7IIl1il'S Professor of Mathematics, Chairman of dfpaf A.B,, Robert, Cmistantinople, IQOO1 AAI., A.B., Middlehllry, 19202 AAI., Nliddlebilry. men! Queens, Cflllfliill, 19025 Ph.D., Munich, 1908. 1922 Ph.D,, Cfllllllgffll- 'QW EDXYARD T. KIROXYDER, JR. CLARENCE C. DIT'1'Ml:iR NIILURICD DAVIS DOYLI-L qlssisfarzt IVISITIIFIUI' in El'0IlUIIlfl'.Y Prgjggggr gf Sggiglggyy Chairman of dppaytmgng .1.v.xisl1n1t in English A.B., Piltslmingli, 19155 AAI., New York Ph.B., Hamline, 19101 A.M., NVisc011si11, 19183 AB., Simmons, 19225 A,M., Colorado, 1 Uiiiversity, 193.1 Ph.D., xViSCOIlSill, 192.1 HOWARD H. DIINBAR CHARLES A.DWY1iR XVII.LI,'XNI F. EHRET Inslructor in lfnglish .-lssislrlrzt Prnfrfssm' of Speeflz ,f.X.SiSfIlIIf Professor of Clwnzistry AAI., Amherst, 19255 AAI., Columbia, 1926 All., St. P6lCl'vS, 1918g A.M., New York Ulli- Scxll., C.C.N.Y., 19233 A.M., C.C.N.Y., 19: versity, 1926 l'h.D., Columbia, 1927 whose plots are sensational like The Thin Mun and Great Guy. But for consistent real- istic expression I believe Dorlszuorth was the best American film of the year, and it is very likely that, of all the forms of literature, the moving picture is the one in which we shall see the most hopeful immediate development. The novel has a contrary change. The phenomenal popularity of Gone With the Wind shows that the popular taste has de- generated even from the low level established by Anthony Adverse. Unless the book adver- tisers are to blame, the public demand is now for the long chronicle novel without relation to present modes of living, middle class dreams of well-being are now pushed back into past eras. The better type of novel, such as con- tinues to flourish fwitness Celine's journey lo ll1e End ofNigl1I and Gilloux' Bifler Vir- roryj 3 the novel of decadence in which all the torturous bafllements of the intellectual re- ceive expression has almost entirely lost out in this country. The chief representative of it is Faulkner's Afzsnlonz, Absalom, but this novel is verbose and blurred in comparison with his earlier and better work. At the same time the left novel has at length begun to justify itself in response, in part perhaps, to'criticism, but certainly to a much greater degree because a new genera- tion of novelists is better assimilating the new attitude of the working class. The stilted style, the plot constructed from a formula, the absorption primarily in radical dogma, that characterized the earlier left fiction, have now begun to disappear. The priority in this achievement, though it was only partially suc- cessful, was Steinbeck's In Dubiotts Bnllfe, which reacted almost too extremely front the flabby and the pedantic. It is in Engstrand's Izzrfnrlers that the new tendency is best rep- resented. This remarkable lirst novel brings into our left Hction qualities of passion and vitality that before we have had to go to Gi- ono, Malraux, and French left fiction gen- erally, to secure. But it would be premature, from a few examples, to predict a new move- ment in proletarian fiction. The drama has lagged the worst of all- as far as the left stage is concerned. NVith the single doubtful exception of Lawson's ilfarcll- ing Song, which suffers front a clumsy ending, the left theatre has been in a state of collapse. The faults of the earlier left novel continue in it, and audiences are no longer responsive. Only in the realm of the play about war, in Bury llte Dead, a short curtain raiser, is there a survival of the creative power we witnessed a few years ago in Sfeveflore and Lawsonls own Pror'e.rsionnf. But with the retreat of the Depression, the theatre, generally speaking, has revived, and is repeating in dramatic form the points of view of the novel. The play of bafllement so admired by Mr. Krutch, con- tinues to find illustration in the dramas of Maxwell Anderson, who conceals his distress in the elevated atmosphere of poetry or of a more heroic age. And we always have with us Noel Coward and the musical play to take our attention away from any serious contact with life through those banalities that in our unhappy period pass for wit. Certainly the most hopeful aspect of the American theatre this last season has been the revival of Shake- speare in the Howard and Gielgud "Hrnnlefs,,' and Evans' Rirlmrrl II. But the real source of creative power in the American theatre con- tinues to be neither the left nor the commer- cial theatre, but the YVPA, whether it be in the revival of Dr. Fnztslus or the rich spon- taneous contemporary chronicle of Power and other plays in the living newspaper stories. EDXVIN BERRY BURGUNI 17 Breasted has been equally a loss lor both an- thropology and history. The Oriental Insti- tute at Chicago, however, which he built up, is in able hands, and is preparing to dig on an increasingly large scale. ln historical scholarship there has been a continued growth of emphasis on economics, but lack of any interpretation, or any scale ol' values, has robbed the work of much signi- ficance for the lay reader. The first volume of a glossary of medieval business and econo- mic terminology appearing this year is only the raw material for scholarship, and while Professor Scheville in l1is f'History of Flor- ence" sheds new light on the importance of urban commercial life in the coming of the Renaissance the book is nevertheless old style narrative history. The only 'outstanding work in the modern European field, the XVebb's book on Russia, is refreshing for the very rea- son that it is inspired by a belief in certain values and conclusions, but the scholar, no matter how friendly. must recognize weak- nesses in research. To one who feels that the materialist his- torians represent the principal hope for Amer- ican historical scholarship, the past year has been a good deal of a disappointment. No Marxian writing ol any importance has ap- peared, unless we place Curti's Pence or lVnr, and Miller's Sam ff1fn1ns in this category. The outstanding contenders for the Pulitzer prizes in history and biography all belong in the so-called "liberal" tradition, their bias is personal and implicit rather than part of a deliberate philosophic approach. Commager's Tlleodore Parker, Nevin's Hamilton Fish, Brook's Flowering of New England repre- sent the best of this tradition, and will prob- ably, among them, win one or both prizes. The real trouble, I suspect, with the newer economic, sociological, and psychologi- cal sclrolars is that they are mainly young men who lack, as yet, the combination of profound knowledge and creative ability necessary to produce great work. There should be a flower- ing ol' these scholarship qualities during the next decade, if it is not completely lost in ex- ternal confusion. THoMAs COCHRAN The Economic Trend Economic thinking at any particular time is a compound of two sets of forces, the im- mediate phenomena ol economic life and the adjustment of these "raw materials" to a co- herent and logical body of theory. Concrete developments of recent years have been con- cerned primarily with the behavior of an eco- nomic system in a period of depression, and with mechanisms for inducing prosperity. In a depression period, the important raw mater- ials are a collapse of speculation and the mar- ket for funds, the necessity for liquidation on the part of credit institutions and production units, a decline in production, a stagnation of capital goods industries, a drop in national and personal incomes, and a large volume ol' unemployment. These are the usual concom- itants ol' depressions. The conventional tech- niques utilized in previous similar periods of stress have usually been designed "to wipe the 21 slate cleanf' through permitting mortgages to be foreclosed and bankruptcies to operate in wholesale fashion, No effective and gener- ally designated methods have been applied, although in almost every major depression there have been pressures in the direction of control at some point or other. The crisis of the early 1930's created a situation in which the pressures were tremend- ously increased, primarily because the highly integrated system of modern production came near collapsing under its own weight, and the widespread effect of prospective ruin covered a wider base than ever before. The control measures of the New Deal were created to meet the extreme need. Those measures, new only in the sense of their num- ber and inclusive covering, were designed for immediate relief, but also bore evidences of a desire to affect long-run reforms. In the Hrst category were credit institutions organized and financed by the federal government through which business and finance might obtain tem- porary relief: a program of Public Wo1'ks to stimulate buying and employ workmen, a National Industrial Recovery Act, setting up codes -of fair business practices, limiting pro- duction, and recognizing labor's claim by min- imum wage, maximum hour and collective bargaining sectionsg the attempted effort to achieve a rising trend of prices by adjustments in the money and credit system, tending in many respects to depart from the system of "hard money" and actually going off the gold standard: the efforts at crop control, and re- lief for the agricultural population, and the steps taken for relieving directly the distress of the unemployed. In the second category are the more long- run reform measures: control of the issue and sale of securities, closer integration of credit institutions through revamping the banking 29 lawsg insurance of batik depositsg utilities leg- islationg the T.V.A.g housing and resettlement programsg soil conservationg national control of labor relations through guarantee of col- lective bargainingg a program of social legis- lationg and, finally a proposal for reform of the Supreme Court, to permit effective action in these areas. It would be erroneous to assume that these trends toward reform are consistent or entirely effective. They represent on the whole the resultant of pressures of various groups, all concerned over their own futures and the protection of their vested interests. Some have been overturned by the courtsg others have been discarded or rendered ineffective in ac- tual practice. The significant practical re- sults are achieved by the abilities of interest groups to mold conditions to their liking. For example, the open permit to restrict competi- tion under the NIRA doubles the drift toward monopoly in instances where business men were in position to make use of an unusual situation. Organized labor likewise has made use of the situation to consolidate gains, as evidenced by the immediate activity of the unions in 1933, the upsurge culminating in the C.I.O. in the years following. Practically, these developments have re- asserted the concept of human welfare as against the inviolability of vested property holdings. The sit-down strikes, though prag- matic in their outlook, are nevertheless as- serting in their action this new type of vested right. Attention has been focussed also upon the achievement and maintenance of a not- too-fluctuating purchasing power, and the at- tainment of a reasonably good standard of liv- ing for the whole population as a prerequisite to economic prosperity and stability. Theoretically these trends have produced resounding repercussions, bringing to a cli- max a dilemma of long standing. The pre- conceptions of the classical and neo-classical economic theory revolved around ideas of "value," "cost," "utility," and "price," the op- eration of which rested on a notion of a free exchange of goods under somewhat primitive economic conditions in which costs measured prices. The downfall of the 'Acost" analysis followed the hnal recognition of the non-ex- istent conditions of free exchange, and the function of ability-to-pay price determina- tions. The marginal utility school took the matter up there, and explained the determina- tion of price in terms of the downward slope of the demand curve produced by diminishing utilities. Price being determined at the mar- ginal point. Such men as Veblen and Mitch- ell have attacked this explanation on the grounds that it assumed a balance of supply and demandg that it rested on a concept of homogeneity of desires and utilitiesg that it is "normalistic, hedonistic and rationalistic" as was this classical theory. In spite of this the theory of its general form is probably accept- able to the large majority of professional economists. Developments of the last few years have cracked it much more obviously than ever be- fore. Under the present monopolistic condi- tions and the efforts at control, organizing on an assumption of "freely operating forces of supply and demand" takes on the appearance ol' blindness and intellectual astigmatism. The dilemma is the existence of a body of doctrine which does not ht realities, but the apparent difhculty of a well-knit theory grow- ing out of the realities. Economists of the ex- nt-me left have interpreted modern trends as the evidence of a system in the throes of decay and imminent death. Efforts to stem the tide of destruction are therefore efforts of a ration- al capitalism to save itself. At the opposite ex- treme are the die-hards who insist that al- though there are logical and psychological shortcomings of the cost and marginal theory, it possesses "essential integrity, a consider- able resemblance to the facts, pedagogi- cal compactness, logical coherence and avail- ability, and a large measure of economic truth." In practical affairs they hark back to the innnutable laws of economic life, and maintain that departures from the traditional routines will cause grass to grow in the market place. Obviously this group has been both active and intellectually unhappy under the pressure of recent events. The most hopeful group is one which stands, not in between, but separate from either ol' the two above. This group, following a great variety of paths is unwilling to accept authoritative promulgations about the natur- al laws of economic activity, or the behavior of man, without subjecting the operation of the "going concern" to the closest scrutiny. Some of them contend that there is no virtue whatsoever in the old categories. Others say if they are to serve any function whatever, a theory of value must be based on up-to-date knowledge of human nature. Economic sci- ence must be based on realistic studies of the functioning of economic institutions. The rapid economic and social revolutions through which the United States has been passing has and will continue to give wide scope to such endeavors to formulate a realistic theory of economics. Lois hftll-JONALD 92 Xl.liXANlJlf.R 0. ca1c'1"1'1,11R 111121111111 ,1. MRAR11 1-11 H1411, 11. czL:1xc11' l'1'r1fr'.sp1fn' ny f.lII'llll.Sf7-Y. Pmfw.s.sm' ul! l.s.x1.1'lm1l 1'mf1's5Ur nf lfz'011on1ir'.s'. Dirwlrn' uf Tm,-1,j,,q Ff,jj,,u1 j,, jjjnlmry 7'r1,xi111lrJg,1' lizwrlirlg Slllfllllii, ll'..S.fI. E AJS.. 1515111 Mawr, 16135 hi l5.S,. K1.CI.N.Y.. Iflllll A.NI,,C1ol11111I:in. ILS.. New York I?11ixc'1'sity. 1926: MA.. New ' K 1909: l'I1.ll.. filllllllllllii. 1912: I,l.,lJ.. York U11i1'c1'sil1, 19214: PI1.D., New Xork l'11i- Sl. klohm. 1931 11-wily. 1931 IFXIJIER Ii. CiR.Xll.XNl Professor of A1llflIt'IIllllfl'A', .l.s.sm'inIf' Ihvnz of Il'.,S'.C.. Cllllfflllflll of lJ1'l1IlI'lH11'lIl of l1'I!lflI1'IIlIIfff'S AB.. lz111o1'v :xml Ilcnrx. 19119: AAI.. X 11'- gmm. 1911 Jw' 0 Mifwf: 12' , ,,L6 , ,., WW? , WILLI.-XXI GREEN I'.Xl'I. HAINI-18 I11slr111'lm' in I'l1iln.voll1l1y Ir1xIr111'lm' in 1'fllglf.YlI LE., Bro9kl111 l,0lf'l6K'l1IliL' IIlNl1llllC. 1921: BS., l.z1I'a1yette. 1926: Ohio XVCSICNZIII NIA.. Klolumlwizu. 1927 1928 FRICD H. Il.XRRlNCL'l'0N KIHXRLES IIIIQLD lflllill H. HITCHINS Insfrurlm' in lIi.1'Im'v I11.11'r1u'lrn' in Sjlflrrhsll. :1!l1IlIilIi.Yl'VllfiT'I' .-I.v.vi.sl1111l IHsfr111'lr1r in Hi.Stm'y A.B.. Clmnell. 1933: LM., New York l'11i- IRA., Wisc'o11Si11. 1922: MA., XViSi'0IlNiIl. 1924: .X.B., N'cs1e1'11 fJlllllI'i0, 1923: AAI., NV versity. 1934 XA.. fLl'Lll'Cl2llNl. 1918 cm f,I1l2lI'iO, 1924: Pl1.D., l'c1111syl1111 1930 XLHERT HOFSI'.Xl1'1'l2R KARL HOI1XKNliiIH'l' glljxliy HOOK IIIAIIAIHNJI' Ill l'l11I0sr1j1l1v ,hyistant professor of En 4. , -- v , 1. , . 1 - , 1 1. 1 1 Q Y , , Y V Y I D 1.. glmh ,l.s.mr1at1 Im 155111 ll I 11 '. Cl 7 lS.S..C..,C..N.X.,v19293 AAI., 5cw.No1'k l,111xc1's1ly. AJS., I.o11isxilIe. 1920: AAI., Department I UI 1'f'5"l 'P """""" ". 'QFH3 lh-DH NCW 30144 lllIYCl'9llf', 1935 l'c1111s1'lu111iz1, 1921: l'h.D., Penn- Scxll., C,C.N.Y.. 19233 AAI. Cflllllllhill, 19263 wylxamm, 1923 l'h.D.. Cilllllllhiil. 1927 Rl"1'H IS. HOWIAXD .XLFREIJ I". I'll'li'lL'l'Xl-IR lil'lL1iXli Nl. LICIBIQRT ,1S.Y!lf'i1lfH Pmfrfssor' of liiolrrgkv I'1'r1f1's.w11' of Biology ,'l.S'.W1l'fIlfI' l'mf1's.yr11' of F1'1'111'l1 l'I1.lE.. SSIYIIIISC, 191183 l'l1,Nl.. Sf'l'2H'llSC, 194193 ,-LB.. South llzlkotzl. 1916: LSI.. Cfbllllllbill. ,X,x1..NviNi'0llSi!1, 1913: 1'h.D.. 1923 I'l1.l1.,Yz1lc. 19211 1918: I'l1.D.. Clllllllnlill. 1923 .Xl.l3FR'l' l,lPI'NIAN IRYIXG LOXVEN FRNNK H. NIc1CI.OSKliY I11.x'I1'11r'Ir1r in 1fW11fl1 l.1'1't111'r'1' 011 1'l1ysir's .l.v.vr1fi11lr' 1,I'0vfC'.S.VII' of E11g'li.x'l1 ABN Hmm,-dv ,omg A-Nfl,Xfg15l1i11gIOIl, 1923 BS.. C.C1.N.Y.. 19313 P11.lJ., New LB., SXTRICIISC. 1916: AAI.. New York l'lll York lvIliXCl'Sily. 1934 xc1'sity.'1924g PhD.. Hz11'vz11'd. 1929 11ox1x1:1J 111 NIcI1OXXIiI,I, 1. 1auxx1e'1'H x111f11L111Nu w1L1,111x1 C. x111c11w1sH ,I.Y.SI.S'IlllIl l'1'0j1'.s'.1u1' of lfrormrrzirs ,-IS.s'i.1l11r1fl'1'oj1'.v.S0r'0fClI1'r11i.1lr1' Pl'!lj'l',S,S!11' nf Cl,p,,1j,y1ry, Cl,air,,,ml of 11,6 Dy. AB., Ohio Wwlcyan. 10235 A.M.. Ohio VVesIcy- I3.S..l1:11-iicgic Inslilulc of 'I'ccl111ol0g1', 1921: parlnzvnl ' llll. 1926: I'I1.I1.. fZoI11111I1iz1. 19311 AAI.. CoI11111I1i:1, 1922 SLB.. New York l'11i1e1'sil1. 1921: YI,,X,,C01um. I1iz1. 1926 ' -1.-.3.fiygg'fJ . 5 1 . -. 5 W ..-' 1 I . . ,W ii.4..... 4 IJOVCQIAS .Y. YIARSLANIJ IYNIES I1. NIIXCLICIC RXYMONID I. NIAIRF .-I1.1'1'.1I111lI l'1'r1l'f'.1'.1'r11' of Biology Pl'!lfVI'.Y'.Y'f2l' nf 12I'UI1UHlil'.Y, Cl111ir'n11111 of Grmlilalc' .-15325111111 P7'UfI'SSOI' nf Frmzrlz ILS., New York l'11ive1'sil1', 19223 A.NI.,CoI11111- Srhonl Certificate dc Scholastic, Lycee Henri Quat I1i:1. 1928: I'I1.IJ.. New York l'11i1crsil1. 1931 AB.. Iles Yluines. 19412: NIA.. lII1ic:1go. 19116: 1913: NIA., New York U11i1'c1'sily, 19511 I'I1.I1.. C.I11111g11. 1913 il I I 2 I LEO fi. BIICYICR HICRBERI MOSS YY. YVARNICR MOSS. JR. Il1.vI1'1u'lr11' in Hislory 1u.slr11rlm'i11 ,Ilr1!l1f'n111lir.S .lxsisizzrzl Pr'ofr'.s.1'r11' of fiHT'l'I'IIIIII'lIf BA., YYR-wlcxzizi I'11ivc1xi11'. 1921: BIA., YV1-s, X.II..WilIi:1111 111111 NI111'1. 1921: SCSI.. XQ11'Yu11k .-XB., U. of Yirginia, 19255 A.M lmm, 1',,iwf,i11, 11321: I'I1.D. Illxirk l'11i1'c1-sily, l'11i1e1wi11. 19291 I'I1.I1..CZoI11111l1i11, 191513 1925: I'l1.D., C1c1I111nl1iz1, 1933 1928 V I i A N 5 K 5 N NIKSS1-.R BERNARD MYERS S'I'EB1iL'l'0X H. XL'LLli Professor of Hfslury. Dwm of llrmlrmlr' Srlmol, .11SSfSfIlIlf P!4IIvfl'.Y.YfJIn in Fim' girls IllSfT1lf'f0T in History Chairman gf depqyfmgnf BS., New York Ul1iVClASilY, 1928: A.M., New All.. Ohio SIZIIC, 1922: AAI., C0l11111lmi:1 .Y.B.. Pc1111sylvz111i:1. 1909: AAI.. l'CllIlSYIX2llliTl. York l'lliY6l'SilY, 1929: Pl1.D., New York Ph,D.. Pe1111syl1'a11ia. 19gO 1910: l'h.D., PC1111w1l1z111ia1. 1912 l'11i1'c1'sil1'. 1933 CH,-YRLES K. PAYNF ROY Y. PEEL C1H.YRLO'1"l'E H. PEKXRY .-lssislrznl Pr0fz'.s.1'or' of Mrlllzemnlirs .4S.S'fSl!Il1l Profzzssm' of fi0Ul?I'IlIHl'Ilt .4.s.vislar1t Ilf0ff"SSU7' of Gffrnmn YB.. Nclmmskzl. 1903: NI.B..Y.. New York Uni- .-X.l5,. .X11g11sl:111I, 19211: AAI.. Chicago, 1923: .-LB.. Cornell. 1913: AAI.. CIo1'11clI. 1910 P1113 xersity Pl1.D.. Chicago, 1927 Clornell. 1925 f 1 S 3 1 1QI.l..X 'If RISKIQ FRANK O. Rl'l"l'liR HRNST ROSE .'i5.s'i.m1r1I in Iiuglislz lII.5f!'llf'f0l' in Clzvnzislry ,issistalzl Pl'il,-I'.S.S'1J!' of CQITIIIIIII 1-Y.B.,XY:1al1i11q1o11 l'11i1'c1'silx'. 1922: .Y.NI..YYz1sl1A .-Y.lS.. Clomcll. lKjl1Q AAI., Col11111hia, 1916: 1'h.D. Leipzig, llj22 Y ington l'11iVe1'sily, IQEZZ ' A ll1.lJ.. Now York 'lT11ive1'sily, 1929 K k K IV The Field of Physics In attempting to assess the trend of the physics -of the day, it is an aid to look at the physics of the years just passed. To the physicists of the early twentieth century, particularly the school of Rutherford in England, belongs the credit of establishing the fact that atoms at their centers, are com- posed of nuclei, around which are circulating electrons. The nuclei were found to be charged with positive electricity, to contain all but one twentieth of a per cent of the mass of the atom, to be about one hundred-thou- sandth the size of the atom, and to increase in charge and mass as one passes to higher atomic numbers in the periodic table. The electrons are still smaller, are extremely light. making up the remaining one twentieth per cent of the atomic weight, have all the same weight and all the same electric charge, but negative. and move around the peripheral portions of the atom. It remained for Niels Bohr of Copen- hagen to discover the fundamental empirical laws which govern the behavior of electrons in atoms and of nuclei considered as single particles, that is, as small structureless enti- ties. ln considering, then, how it was possible for the moving electrons to obey these funda- mental laws, Bohr found that it was necessary to impose a severe restriction on the laws of motion developed by Newton, the so-called "Newtonian Mechanicsf, which are certainly completely verified for bodies large enough to 28 be seen, and heavy enough to weigh on micro- balances. By the end of the Iirst quarter of the cen- tury, the Bohr laws had been so extended by the physicists of lVestern Europe and the United States that a complete theory of the Periodic Table of all the elements in Nature was developed. At the same time accumula- tion of work in this period brought out clearly that the restriction on Newtonian mechanics were inadequate for a formulation of the cor- rect laws of electronic and nuclear motions. Beginning, then, with the work of de Broglie in France, Heisenberg and Schrodinger in Ger- many, and Dirac in England a new theory of motions of light-weight particles developed, the "quantum mechanics," one of the great revolutions in human thinking. The accom- plishments of this theory were so remarkable and rapid that one can say that by about 1930 all fundamental problems in atomic structure were solved. One of the important successes of the quantum theory was the explanation of how two atoms can unite to form a mole- cule, it is curious to realize that up to less than ten years ago, we had no understanding whatever of this, probably the most funda- mental problem of chemistry. There is a host of problems arising from the quantum theory of molecular formation whose solutions are yet to be found, physicists and chemists are working together on these problems, which certainly constitute one of the fruitful fields of investigation for the pres- ent and the near future. ,-Xt the close of the nineteenth century, Becquerel in France had discovered the phen- omenon of natural radioactivity, that is, that radium and other related atoms spontaneously emit particles. Some of these particles were later identified as the nuclei of helium atoms, the element disintegrating becomes a different element, the process being a natural alchemy. The emitted particles come out of the nucleus of the atom, so that it appears that the nuclei are not single entities, but have some sort of structure. Beginning with the discovery of Rutherford, shortly after the war, that nuclei of different elements can be disintegrated arti- ficially by bombarding them with fast-travel- ling helium nuclei, a new held of investiga- tion of nuclear structure and of the artificial transmutation of elements, was thrown open? The advances in the last five years have been spectacular, but the field has only been scratched. XVC do not understand how it is possible for the particles composing a nucleus to hold together, just as we did not under- stand until recently how it was possible for electrons to remain in an atom or atoms to keep together to form stable molecules. XVe can confidently expect that entirely new laws of motion will have to be found to explain this, just as the quantum mechanics replaced Newtonian mechanics before. Also, it has been found that the theory of light developed by Maxwell in England in the nineteenth century, and which was so cor- rect that it predicted accurately the existence and properties of wireless waves, breaks down when applied to the light emitted by nuclei. And so a new theory of light will have to be developed. New tools for the investigation of chemical and biological processes are being forged from the materials of nuclear re- searches: for example, the intermediate meta- bolism of many substances is now being fol- lowed in the body through the knowledge of atoms supplied by modern nuclear physics. Prediction of the discoveries that will be made is bound to fall short of actualityg all one can be sure of is that to nuclear physics of the near future belongs one of the most exciting per- iods in the history of human understanding and discovery. ifflre lead in this work of induced radioactiv- ity had been taken by Curie and Ioliot in France. Enwakn O. S,-xI,AN'1' 29 l ll ICDYY.-XRD U. S1Yl.1YN'l' YV.-XI,IAC1i S. SAYRE YV. A. SCHNEIDER .ls.s'or'i11If' Pl'Ilf'f'55lIl' of Pl'1'si1 .I.s.1'i1'In11l Pmfraxsor' of ci!lZf!'I'lIllII'IIlL :1x.Sr1cir1I1' Professor of Pllvsfts YB.. C1ol11111l1i11, 1922: l'h.lJ. Lo.11lo11, lEl27'i AJS., Nlnrshzrll College, 19273 XXI.. New York Se.B., Grey Ulliversily, College of South Africa ll11iversily. 1928: l'l1.lJ., New York l'11ix'ersi1y. 1920: SQM., University of Michigan. 1922: 19911 l'l1.D., New York lf11ix'e1'sily, 19271 E.E,, Brook lyn Polyleeh11ic I11s1il11le, 1936 '36 LICSLIE E. SPOCK ICMANUEL STEIN IOSEPHINE SIIRIANO Associate Professor of Geology III.Yfl'1lC'fUl' in f'i!'07IUIIll!'S I11.s'I1'u1'101' in linglislz A.B., Cornell, 19233 AAI., Columbian, 192.11 Sc.B., New York lfuiversily, 19281 A.NI., New BS., New York Ifniversily, 19273 AAI., New Ph.D., Columbia, 1929 York IT11iversily, 19305 Pl1.D., New York Uni- York ll11ivcrsi1y, 1928 versity, 1933 MYYRIIC COLLINS SYYKYIRICY RIXI-2H,YR'l' QI. SYYENSOX AIVI HU! FILLEY ,4s.1'or'i11tw l'r'of1'.s.vo1' of Plzilosojalq' Prgfggggy gf Ggygynml-ng, Chairman gf fhg dp- ,fIs,0.111!e Professor of Mzzthemalics A.l3.,WelIesle1. 1913: YM.. Kz111sz1s. 191 1: llllliflllfflf, 1ixz'1'11lizff,' SI'f'I'f'Ifl?'Y of Ihr' Co111n1il- M.E.. Nfwv York lfriiversily, 19235 M.S., Xe Ph.ll., Co1'11ell, 1919 tn' of ll'r1sl1i11glm1 .S'q11arff l.iIn'1n'y York Lriiversily, 19251 Ph-D., New York UI! AJS.. University of Nli1111esolz1, 1915: AAI. Nlin- versity, 1933 nexola, 19163 Pl1,D.. Wisco11si11, 1918. I. RICHARD TOVEN .'I.Y.YfSfl1IIf I,l'Uff'SS!U' of S1NlIIf.S'lIV. .-1ssisl1111t Srfrw' lnry of II'11sl1i11gtr111 .S'q1u11'f' Collrgr, Director of .'f!lZlfSl'17Il'lIf in Ifllbllfllgfflll Sq1u11'1' College QLB., l'c1111syl1':111iz1 Stale, 1924: AAI., New York LylliXCl'Silf', 1928 1 QAYNIOND fl. XY.-XlHiI.L .1-1s.sista11I ill Plzysirs AB., W1IIiz1mellc, 1931 'AIjl'ER C. XVIRTHXVEIN X .b!.ssista11l I'1'off2ss01' of History A.B., Ohio State, 19205 A.M., CoIu111biu, 1921 l'l1.D., Columbian 1935 OLIVER TOWLES CARICI, XV. VA' IEWRIC Professor of French, Chairman of the depart- Professor 9, ' 4. , Chairman of the depart lllfllf 1111'11t A.li., X'i1'gi11i:1, 19116: Ph.ll.. Ioh11sHopki11s. lfjlll 1-LB., lTlliYfXSi'. of the Cape of Good Hope 1911: SLM., University ol' Capelowlx, 1921 l'h.D.. l'lliY6I'SiIy of GOIUIIQIOII, 1922 YVILLIS YY.-XUIQR HONUCR A. YVA'l'T I7ISl7'1ll'I07'fI1 I'I11gIisl1 Professor of English, Chairman of the depart A.B., 19313 LM., H'f1sl1i11glo1'1, 1932 lIlI'IIl AB., Cornell, 19065 AAI.. Cornell, 19085 Ph,D. ITlliVCfSilf' of H'isco11si11, 1909 ,viii .....,.....u-.-uni LIEIGH B. NYILILXNISOX LEO ZIPPIN Professor of Speech, Chairman of the depart- IPI-YfVllCf07'fl1 1VHl'lll?Ill11lfCS 111r'11t .-LIS., University of PCIlIlSy1Y1lIli21, 19255 MA. A.B., Carnegie Institute of Technology, 192og l'11ix'ersit1' of l'er111ssl1':111ia, 19261 Ph,D., UniA AAI., Columbia, 1923 versity of Pcn11sylva11i:1, 1929 Philosoph Today Philosophers on tl1is side of the Atlantic have for the most part been content to build their systems with an eye to the blueprints of British and Continental tradition. During the first two hundred and fifty years of Colonial and national development, critical originality was not conspicuous in America. Roger Wlill- iams, Jonathan Edwards, Jefferson, and Tho- mas Cooper stand out not because they in- troduced profoundly new concepts but be- cause of the acuteness with which they modi- fied, to suit a new environment, the concepts which European philosophers had already forged. But toward the end of the last century a mathematician named Charles Sanders Peirce shocked academic souls with a heresy im- probably named 'pragmaticismf shocked gen- teel Cambridge with his passion for gambling, wrote, 'AI am a man of whom critics have never found anything good to say. X'Vhen they could see no opportunity to injure me, they have held their peace." He died in l9l4 and was uneasily put out of mind by philoso- phers whose professional mysteries he had exposed. However, Peirce's influence, unhappily diluted with the breezy optimism of William James, was the most dramatic single factor in American philosophy during the early part of this century. It bids fair to become yet stronger. The chief feature of Peirce's originality is simple: philosophers should stop disputing about the ultimate truths of the cosmos and apply themselves, like the special scientists, to the development of a method for solving the 32 problems which actually confront them. In support of this, Peirce points out that the meaning of any statement is dehned in terms of the results to which an experiment based on that statement will leadg if such an experi- ment is inconceivable, then the statement is meaningless and had better be avoided. Philosophers today realize that, even if they should wish to, they can no longer retire to ivory towers and spin illusions into elegant fragile systemsg they realize that the most in- tricate system is futile if not hrmly grounded in the funded experience of men and built of the actual materials which that experience provides. A critic of philosophy is always tempted by flippant half-truths. It is easy to catalog, pigeonhole, to apply readymade names and from the names deduce elaborate conclusions. Abaelard, for example, was a scholastic, Spin- oza, Hegel, and Plato were idealists, Democri- tus and Marx materialists. The French think- ers of the eighteenth century were mechanistsg American philosophy today is pragmatic, realist, positivist. But names serve mainly as crutches for lazy minds. Individuals, nations, epochs are never simple, rarely uniform. To label them so neatly is the mark of the shallow indolent thinker who looks on philosophy as a body of dogmatic concepts. Philosophers today are showing less and less tendency to accept and capitalize on verbal positions, more and more concern to examine them. This is not in it- self new. The newness, if newness there be, lies in the mzfflzorl of examination and the implications of that method. Philosophers have always examined the systems of their contemporaries and their pre- decessorsg this has often constituted their stock- in-trade. Plato suspected the morals of the Sophists and attacked their conclusions as so- cially vicious, Aristotle discovered inconsis- tencies in the philosophy of Plato and re- jected it as logically unsoundg St. Augustine saw that Platonism would serve the interests of the growing church and adopted itg eight centuries later Aquinas found that the church had outgrown Augustine, and turned to Aris- totle and the Moors. The Renaissance men reacted against what they read Aquinas to mcang Hegel quarreled with the empiricism of the Renaissance: Marx found Hegel's phil- osophy standing upon its head and righted it. But the classical philosophers tradition- ally occttpied themselves with the structures of their formal systems aml the whittled hngcr at architectural flaws in the systems of others. whom, on formal, theological, or practical grounds, they disliked. Philosophy today is something humbler than the charting of absolute reality: it is rather a direction-finding technique, not a reservoir of ready answers but a trustworthy method for men of honest intellectual pur- pose to use in attacking the problems which confront them as men. To describe that method adequately would be to write a very long essay. It can be briefly characterized by making two state- ments. lts concern is with the flHI!'fZ.0IIS of things: it approaches man, for example, through the complexity of his environment and actiyities rather than with elaborate guesses as to what 'human nature' really is. The metaphor by which it can be most conveniently grasped is not the metaphor of the billiard balls caroming about a table, which was a favorite of eighteenth and nine- teenth century 'mechanists', but rather the metaphor of the organism, rooted in a natural enviromnent which. in its very growing, it can change. Rcnorr lx.XIilCY A Survey of Psychology The subject matter of a science is not necessarily determined by an examination of the philology of the name that science hap- pens to bear. Rather it is to be found in the activities and interests of the specialists who happen to give their own peculiar interests a given academic label. The direction of the development of a science is, then, a function of the interests that any given students have succeeded in arousing in others, either to endow their chairs or to sit at their feet and learn the new techniques. The results of this historical process are now clearly discernible in psychology. YVhere its name might sug- gest an interest in animistic agencies, an ex- amination of the problems under research by the individual psychologists leaves no shadow of doubt as to the actual subject matter of the science today. lts connnon denominator is really the vnrirfrl a.vj11fcls of the belmvior of all liwfng lhitzgs. Probably the most significant thing that can be said today is that where once there were as many different psychologies as there were subjects under investigation, there now is one set of sound scientific principles applic- able everywhere. On the whole, a review of present trends in all the fields of psychology 3 fl will bear this out unequivocally. A sound animal psychology is at the same time a sound human psychology, in its fundamental prin- ciples. If the abnormal is accurately described, the same description must at bottom be a good description of the normal. No funda- mental gulf separates the group from the in- dividual. The child and the adult exist on the same plane of metaphysics. The ad- jectives "mental" and "physical" are not de- rived from nouns marking mutually exclusive realms of discourse. Not only has the internal unity of the science been steadily increasing, but its continuity with the physical, chemical, and biological sciences, both as to method- ology and metaphysical postulates, is becom- ing daily more apparent. Let us survey briefly the major fields of research to observe the extent to which our generalizations are borne out. In the study of the higher thought processes the recent work of Professor Max of New York Uni- versity is no comfort to those who had hoped to preserve some small realm for the activity of animistic agents of whatever sort. XVith his delicate galvanometers he has shown the pres- ence of the action currents of muscular activ- ity whenever there is mental activity, whether the subject is awake or in the dream state. It would seem safe now to conclude that if there are non-material occurrences in what has traditionally been called "mental'l phe- nomena, they are at the most some shadowy parallel only occasionally present and in no way entering the causal series. In short, the whole dualistic idea has all the earmarks of a superfluous postulate, coming well within the sweep of Occam's Razor. To the writer it seems obvious that the last justification is gone for making a metaphysically discrete entity' out of the activities of living organisms. Psychology is making its contribution to the total process of the sciences which has reduced a world of piecemeal magic to a truly orderly universe. 34 The work of Razran, Lidell, Loucks and others on conditioning, following up the bril- liant work of Pavlov, is closing the gap be- tween reflex and so-called "voluntary" activ- ity, not to mention the intermediate steps of "modification of reflexes" and "learning" These concepts, which formerly seemed to belong to entirely different realms of dis- course now are shown to shade off into one another by such slow degrees that only schol- astic sophistry could defend their uniqueness. When seen against the background of the in- genious tissue-culture experiments of Bok and Kappers, Qwhich reveal laws of neurone growth strongly suggesting the familiar laws of mental associationj and the exactness of modern neuro-psychiatry and neuro-surgery with its better understanding of the brain cortex, conditioning takes its place as one of the outstanding milestones marking our im- proved understanding of the baffling vari- ability of behavior. The experimental work on conditioning to patterns of stimuli rather than to the single and simple but rela- tively artificial stimulus situation is establish- ing beyond question that this mechanism is at the basis of all higher learning and "mental" processes. Particularly noteworthy here are the experiments on higher order conditioning and those on curarized animals particularly rele- vant to the question of the nature of "volun- tary" or "free-will" behavior. It is impossible to do justice to the amaz- ing mass of work going on in Animal Psychol- ogy. Its first unquestioned achievement is that of completing the picture of the evolu- tion of animals by showing the parallel evolu- tion of behavior in its gradual transition from "blind animal instinct" to the "creative in- telligence" supposedly possessed by man. Par- ticularly important at present are the studies on the nature of that precursor to the reason- ing process-trial and error learning. More light is coming 'on this question from studies on animal learning than has been shed upon it si11ce logicians First began telling each other how they should reason. Equally important are the careful studies seeking to discntangle tl1e relative roles of "original" versus 'fac- quired" animal nature, a problem which looms so large in human psychology. Child psychology has solid achievements to its credit, both practical and theoretical. Probably the greatest single contribution Child Psychology has made to humankind is to furnish objectively definable standards and criteria for correct techniques in child rais- ing. It is getting so that one can actually ob- serve the superiority of the child raised ac- cording to sound psychological techniques as against the one raised by strictly amateur par- ents. No greater error could be made here than to mistake for the former the child raised by parents who have read one book by john B. Vlatson, and one by Sigmund Freud, the latter cancelling whatever practical effects tl1e former might have had. Present-day child psychology has pretty competently answered some of the time-honored questions as to just what is or what is not original human nature, and is at present busily occupied with llrltang- ling some of the puzzles of specific condition- ing and specific maturation. Careful studies of children under controlled conditions, over longer periods, are giving the answers to many specific questions, not among the least im- portant of which are the studies on the in- fluences of various environmental factors, both pre-natal and post-natal, on the highly important trait of intelligence. Many phases of an old and famous controversial question can now be answered piecemeal, if not as a single whole, by specific and quantitative statements. The naive notions of yesterday that so easily separated organism and environ- ment, sound very outmoded in this day of ingenious experimentation. A group of ex- perimenters have actually demonstrated the formation of specific conditioned responses in as yet unborn infants. It is a great pleasure to report that Ab- normal Psychology is now rapidly shedding its fifty-seven varieties of demonology and be- coming scientifically as hard-headed and ob- jective as the divisions concerned with the more normal aspect 'of behavior. Such text- books as Shaffer's "Psychology of Adjustmentw richly fulfill the promise made some years ago by such books as Hamilton's "Objective Psychopathology." It has taken abnormal psychologists and psychiatrists a long time to realize that dramatic and perhaps racy de- scriptions of behavior did not constitute science. Many of these dramatic descriptions did indeed call attention to recurrent patterns of behavior and certainly helped to develop an objective attitude toward the anomalies in behavior. But there is nothing in the elabo- rate demonology of Freud, and those that came after him, that cannot be more simply stated and explained in the terms now com- mon to the rest of the field of psychology. It is in the field of abnormal psychology that the most direct and practical contact is made with physiology and organic chemistry. The prac- tical problems of certain kinds of anomalies of behavior have a fine disregard for the nice but artificial separations of problems into dif- ferent "sciences." Many of these problems are as yet a no-man's-land. They will later be classified by the type of teclmique that solves them. Meantime, the students and doctors confronted with the practical problems are grateful for help and methods wherever they may come from. Many practical techniques are of the kind commonly called "purely psychological." The application of sound principles of human behavior to problems of industrial organization is continuing, particularly dur- ing a period of expansion in industry when 35 new workers have to be found for new jobs. On the reverse side of the business curve, when the problem is one of firing rather than hir- ing help, the psychotechnician doesn't find himself in such great demand except as "ef- ficiency expert" assisting a speed-up. The field of vocational guidance and aptitude measure- ment also encounters the problem of social and racial prejudices in the selection of ap- plicants in the professions and of positions in industry and commerce. In general it can be said that developments in this field are ahead of our willingness to make use of them. Such too is the case in the matter of determination of guilt in crime and of punishing or reform- ing or reeducating the criminal. There is now an increasing willingness to use psychological methods in the determination of guilt or in- nocence, not as part of the regular legal pro- cedure, but as desperate ventures when judges or governors are hard-pressed. XVitness the often discovered "lie-detector." It will be a long hard pull before we have provisions for making use of even the IHOSI elemental prin- ciples of human behavior in criminology. These steps involve the organization of the entire social system. The developments in social and racial psychology lend small comfort to the preju- dices of the average man and still less to the political demagogue. The much stressed com- plexity of social phenomena proves upon ex- amination to be more the argument against innovations used by those IHOSI anxious to keep developments going in some particular direction pleasing to themselves. The much emphasized racial differences prove to be con- venient devices for making social scapegoats, 36 useful in distracting attention away from oth- er sore issues. That sacred imponderable, public opin- ion, proves to be no metaphysical mystery but a commodity that can be made to order with- in limits, measured, sampled and predicted to a nicety. The "Human Nature" which the average man is so sure cannot be changed, proves to be but one particular and highly specialized pattern of institutions which the individual has acquired by virtue of the fact that he was born in a particular Gopher Prairie, and which would have been quite otherwise were he born a Patagonian or an Arapesh, whose "human nature" is perversely different. WVhat is even more amusing than the denial that "human nature" can be changed is the failure to recognize that the very pattern of human behavior so firmly held to be unchanging and unchangeable is actu- ally undergoing a very rapid transformation directly under our very noses, and is undoubt- edly foreshadowing more general institutional changes in the near future. That some of these changes are on a level of what would popu- larly be called "the unconscious" in no way alters the fact that social behavior is indeed changing. XVhen changes become so obvious that they must be given cognizance they are usually credited to the work of 'Aforeign agi- tators," or to pathological individuals. It is probably true that comprehending and controlling our own social behavior in a truly objective and scientific manner is the nuclear problem of both science and politics for the coming generation. Guokoa B. VETTI-:R II Modern Chemistr Chemistry may be defined as the study of all matter, its composition and its transforma- tions. Modern chemical investigation is like a "flying wedge" seeking to penetrate the mys- teries of matter, with the problem of the ulti- mate structure 'of the atom at the apex, fol- lowed by an ever-widening field of "pure" and "applied" research. The fundamental problem of atomic structure belongs more properly in tl1e do- main of physics. The basic goal of more clas- sical chemistry deals, rather, with the behavior of atoms and their arrangement into larger units-molecules, ions, crystals, amorphous bodies. Since, however, it has been found that the behavior of atoms is greatly influenced by their internal structure, it is not surprising to find chapters on subatomic phenomena in An- nual Surveys of the Chemical Societies and on atomic structure in the newer chemistry text- books. The chemist does not yet have a complete picture of the arrangement of hydrogen atoms in the hydrogen moleculei-perhaps the simp- lest type of chemical combination. Conse- quently the recent discoveries that there are no less than three kinds of hydrogen atom fprotium, deuterium, tritiumj , and two kinds of hydrogen molecule Qortho- and para-Q, have given new impetus to the study of this question and new approaches to the answer. It is also true that the atomic physicist has partially realized the alchemist's dream of transmutation of elements: but the chemist has found that the new elements provide clues for the study of' the old, and the synthetic radioactive elements will have immediate use in the solution of theoretical and practical problems. Obviously the emphasis has shift- ed, the modern scientist no longer is interest- ed solely in transmuting base metals to gold in large quantities. Perhaps the most astonishing result of the ultra-scientific research into the mysteries of' the proton, deuteron, neutron, electron. positron, has been the extraordinary interest bestowed upon it by the layman. The multi- plicity of articles in the popular periodicals and newspapers, purporting to explain such obstrttse matters as the "principle of uncer- tainty," the operation of the "cyclotron," or the theory of "nuclear reactions,', is certain proof of this. These topics capture the popu- lar imagination because the findings are so spectacular, quite apart from any considera- tion of their practical utility. In his study of' the more classical objec- tives, the forces between atoms and the ar- rangement of atoms into larger units, the chemist has developed many modern tools. lnfra red and ultraviolet, spectroscopy, rota- tional, vibrational, electron diflraction and Raman Spectra, X-ray analysis of crystals, liquids, and plastics, electric moments and molecular polarization, quantum mechanics of chemical change, entropy of' activation ftruly a list to confound the chemist of 19005, are a few of the terms which apply to methods used in deducing the forces between atoms or molecules and the mechanism of atomic re- 37 arrangement, with the expectation of predict- ing the behavior of familiar substances. The modern methods of practical chemi- cal research can be appreciated best by ex- amining some restricted field such as analyti- cal chemistry. The time-honored methods of analysis consisted of taking substances apart and weighing, or otherwise measuring the con- stituents, or synthesizing the product from measured amounts of the components. The ever-increasing tempo of modern man has cre- ated new demands for speed in analysis. The application of '4physical" methods has made it possible to determine the presence of, and amounts of, important components of mater- ials quickly and easily. From electrical con- ductivity, electromotive force measurements, volume changes, refractive index, viscosity, light scattering, fluorescence, light absorption or color change, rotation of polarized light- partial or complete pictures of chemical com- position can be obtained. It is possible, for example, to analyze steels quantitatively for half a dozen metals by examining the "spark spectrum." Chlorine in city water-supplies Qabout one gram per ton of water at mostj can be measured quickly and accurately with the photoelectric colorimeter. The adsorption of almost infinitesmally small amounts of gas on a solid surface can be followed with a hot- wire anemometer in a manner impossible by older gravimetric methods. The use of x-rays to analyze metals for flaws, and of fluctuations of dielectric capacity to analyze criminals for saws, are widely known but very recent ap- plications of physical methods. The wide-spread interest in micro-cl1emi- cal methods is another example of present day tendencies. This specialized technique is de- signed not only to save time but also to work with a minimum of materials. The import- ance of this last consideration is obviousg lab- oratories which investigate vitamines, hor- mones, new drugs and medicinals, and even 38 art galleries, have found the efficient methods of microchemistry indispensable. Although the magnifying glass is recognized as the tra- ditional implement of Sherlock Holmes, the introduction of systematic microchemistry has made in a few years a new science of crime de- tection. The influence of applied science on our modern way of living is truly remarkable. Every phase of our existence is affected, "from rubber nipples to coffin handles" might well be the slogan of industrial chemistry. Ac- cordingly, it is not surprising that the chemist who makes a practical synthetic rubber, or a new drug to alleviate suffering, finds himself in -the headlines the next day. Nevertheless the discovery of a new sci- entihc principle or fact by no means insures that it can be used immediately for the direct benefit of mankind. First of all, some particu- lar phase of the new discovery must prove sufficiently useful to satisfy an existing need or to create a new demand. Secondly, an enormous amount of work is sometimes nec- essary to develop the initial idea into an eco- nomical and efficient manufactured article. The diiliculties of this last phase are seldom appreciated. Individual inventiveness often produces the first idea, the marketable product is, today, produced more and more through the determined attack of well-organized and well-equipped laboratories. Every beginner in chemistry learns that photographic emulsions consist essentially of gelatine and silver bro- mide, no experienced chemist could, except by accident, duplicate a modern fine-grain, high-speed emulsion. For this it is necessary to have available the enormous mass of ex- tremely detailed information accumulated over many years in the plants which make these products. Incidentally, it is interesting to note that, although literally hundreds of light-sensitive substances are known to the chemist, only three silver salts have been used successfully from a practical standpoint. Although photography is an important industry largely because it satisfies a natural artistic urge, many applications of chemistry have a more prosaic motivation. Frequently, the principal aim is the manufacture of prod- ucts which improve on naturally occurring materials, the synthesis of materials which otherwise come from expensive, inconvenient, or unavailable natural sources, or the manu- facture of products which have known prop- erties not available at all in natural sub- stances. The romance of converting coal into headache tablets, Tyrian purple, moth ballsg the recovery of bromine from the sea to make anti-knock gasoline, the conversion of wood and cotton to rayon and cellophane are well known. The application of the theory of geo- metrical and optical molecular asymmetry in making glare proof glass, the substitution of a synthetic, moisture-retaining, non-irritating substance for another natural substance in cigarettes, the manufacture of non-alkaline, highly lathering substances of greater deter- gent powers than soap, are newer, though highly publicized, developments. The prop- erties of a glass or glass substitute which is shatter-proof to be used, for example, in curved panes for airplane windows, are well known to engineers and chemists, but the de- velopment of a completely satisfactory prod- uct remains in the future. Some products are developed to fulfill a long felt want, others, such as new solvems, gums, detergents, pig- ments, cements, are placed on the market be- fore any general demand exists, in full confi- dence that uses for them will appear. In spite of successful effort in this direc- tion, tl1e many lucunae which still exist will stimulate this variety of endeavor unceasingly. Among problems under active investigation may be mentioned the making of synthetic wool fiber from the casein of milk or cheese, the linear linking of long slender molecules such as poly-esters to form a new class of fiber. the more economical production of rubber substitutes from polymerized polyprenes, glasses or substitutes which will transmit ul- traviolet light as well as quartz. The spectacular advances due to chem- istry in the field of medicine also are full of the element of "human interest." An import- ant branch of this field consists in making and clinically testing countless variations of sub- stances of known physiological efficacy in the hope of increasing the effectiveness or decreas- ing accompanying toxic properties. The characteristic atomic groupings of the cocaine molecule have been shuffled and reshuffled in- numerable times with this in mind. Hundreds of arsphenamines and their derivatives have been made, most of them ineffective or deadly, a few better than those of twenty years ago. Everyone has read of the researches and tests which finally led to the discovery of the aminophenylsulfonamide compounds known as Uprontosill' and "prontolyn." Only lack of space prevents multiplying these examples many fold. XVhen the entire gamut of modern chem- ical research is scanned, it seems true that the most concentrated and spectacular attack is at the two ends of the scale. The fame attendant upon the discovery of a new element or unit of matter vies with the more mundane re- wards of developing a successful commercial product. It must 11ot be forgotten that the gulf between is Hlled with more prosaic prob- lems, and that thousands of chemists little known outside their profession hll this gap. They study on the one hand such academic problems as the correction of atomic weights and the thermodynamics of electric cells, on the other hand such practical problems as the formulation of shoe polishes or the heating value of coal. No one can predict the next startling discoveries of chemistryg but we do know that these less spectacular, routine stud- ies will never be hnished. Hi-Mai Mororix and Cliflll. V. Kixc 39 Teachers Union: A New Vfovement f Precisely two years ago, -june, ISJ35, some fifty college teachers in New York City met at the headquarters of Local 5 of the Ameri- can Federation of Teachers, to see what steps they cot1ld take towards the creation of an effective organization of college teachers. They saw their profession fairly crippled by the depression, with salaries and standards lowering, at the same time they were observ- ing tl1e growth throughout the country of successful labor union activity. lt seemed only logical to apply the remedy to the dis- ease, so the College section of Local 5 was organized. In the two years of its existence the Col- lege section has grown to a membership of about 650 with strong local chapters at City College, Brooklyn College, Columbia, N. Y. U. and Sarah Lawrence: in short, at the principal institutions of higher learning in the city. The most urgent grievances seemed to be at City College, and the union, up to the present date has been successful in the cases that it has championed. Some twenty mem- bers of the staff owe it to the union that they retain their positions after they had been dis- missed or threatened with dismissal. From an attitude of indifference the Board of Higher Education has turned to a recognition of the union. Its chairman, Mr. Mark Eisner, has spoken before the union and openly advised teachers to join it. Another member of the board, Mr. Lewis Mumford, has frequently spoken at forums organized by the union. At Columbia the chapter of the union contains many of the most eminent professors in Teachers College and Union Theological 40 Seminary. lt has been notable for its advoc- acy of the rights of the underprivileged 1lOt on the teaching staff. It co-operated with the striking employees of the Teachers College cafeteria. It has affiliated with undergradu- ate movement in opposing war and fascism, and in opposing the disciplining of students active in the A.S.U. At N.Y.U. the chapter co-operated with the local chapter of the American Associa- tion of University Professors in proposing the estabishment of faculty committees on dis- missalsg the X'V.S.C. faculty actually set up such .a committee with full authority so far as the dean and faculty are concerned to oppose or to prevent the dismissal of members of the teaching staffs by department heads. The chapter is now engaged in research on the question of salary schedules, basis for pro- motion, and other problems related to ten- ure throughout the university. The College Section believes that the growth in numbers, influence, and successful activity is not owing alone to the increasing interest in their own economic and education- al problems on the part of the college teach- ers. Though this is true, it believes that the method of labor union organization has proved itself the right medium through which this growing interest can work. It feels that its approval of industrial unionism, that its affiliation with other well wishers throughout the country, not only affords the teacher their support and co-operation in teacher problems, but also heightens his consciousness of demo- cratic principles and the interests and prob- ems of the largest percentage of those he teaches. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, speak- ing at New Haven, recently stated that it was imperative for college teachers to join the union if they desired to meet the social and economic needs of a new era. "Education for Democracy: Democracy for Education" is the official molto of the American Federation of teachers. The articles in the rlzzicrimzz Tmrlz- wr, the New York Trfuflmr. and in the local chapter, N.l'.L'. Tf'KlI'1lI'l', Qisued for the first time this yearj kept the membership alive to the progress of the union and labor organila- tion generally. The College Section presented its record during the first year of its existence in a pamphlet, 'fThe College Teacher and the Trade Union." Herein the aims of the union are summarized. I. To Protect and Advance the Economic Interests of College Teachers and other Educational Employees. A. The College Section aims to secure at the public and private colleges: 1 2 3 4 II. To A. 1 2 3 4 5 ti 7 Uniform rules of appointment, salary and promotion, and uniform enforcement. Guarantee of minimum salaries and stated increments. The establishment and preservation of a system of permanent tenure to provide security for competent educational employees. The establishment of an appeals machinery for all cases of distnissal. Appellants shall have the right to open trial, counsel, cross examination of witnesses and all other legal safeguards. Improve the Character and Extend the Scope of College Education. The College Section seeks to accomplish this in the following ways: By promoting the maintenance of high standards of teaching and research among members of the profession. By influencing educational policy. Education for democracy means education for peace, for the social welfare, and in the realities of modern times. XVe shall oppose domination of the colleges by private, political, religious, or economic interests. By supporting Academic Freedom actively and vigorously. NYC believe in the right of staff members and students freely to criticize any social policy. By stimulating educational employees to exercise the full rights of democratic citizen- ship. XVe shall oppose any restrictive regulation on the outside activities of the teacher. Participation in the affairs of the community will benefit the comnmnity and inspire teaching by bringing it closer to life. By opposing restriction of scientific research and its utilization for anti-social purposes. By fostering co-operation between the teaching staff and the student body. By opposing educational retrenclunent. lVe favor increase of the present facilities and stall so as to provide individual attention for all students and an opening of col- legiate opportunity to a much larger sector of the population than now enjoys it. 41 'sw 4 Above, Jerome Rockman, President of the Senior Class. Modest and retiring, he led his class during their last two years in college. Center, Jerry Levy, co-chairman of the Senior Social Com- mittee, with the inevitable prom-girl. Below, Janice Cutler, senior viee-pres- iflent. I I The Seniors: An Evaluation of a Class Neither wars, nor cataclysms, nor steaming contro- versy over social change interrupted the even tenor of the class of '37s march toward innocuity. Living in tuntultous times, the class of '37 performed the as- tounding architectural feat of building its own cloistered walls in the heart of the biggest city in the world. Un- rest from without did seep in, but the great majority shrugged it off as bad plumbingg sought escape in the grim realities of debate over the respective merits of Qlj Benny Goodman, Guy Lombardo, Totnmy Dorsey. Events on the American social and political scene, however, were of such magnitude during the college span of the class of '37 that an association with outside forces is inevitable. But this association is merely analagous to that of the baby whose birthday happened to occur the day of the San Francisco earthquake and ever after found reference made not to the day on which he was born, but rather to the important event which took place on that day. I-lad the earthquake not oc- curred, the birthday would still have been important to the baby. Had Roosevelt not occurred on the American scene, God knows what would have been important in future recollections about the class of y37. And yet, this class had the same percentage of lead- ers, had the same percentage of talented individuals capable of giving direction to its activities, that most classes usually have. XVhether blame for its inertia was due to class leaders or the class itself, is unimportant -wifi is important is that the record demonstrates tm- mistakably that inertia did exist. ln other respects. too. this history of the class of '57 seems remarkably inadequate. Politically, it was color- less. 'lhe 'Agreat game of politicsu was, for the class. not even a sham battle. For the office of Senior Presi' dent the class, supposedly reaching the full maturity that comes with seniordom, watched one candidate nominated and swept into office in an uncontested election. Most uncontested elections signify enthusiastic approval. But this uncontested election was different. No cheering hordes greeted the new idol. For the alarmingly high percentage of the senior class that charged the polls had been drawn not by any great inter- est in class affairs, but by flaming 13111161171 editorials that warned of a "real issue" being waged on the Day Org Presidential battle front, an issue that affected the entire school. No history of this senior class could be complete without some mention of its social activities. The best test of any group's respect for itself lies perhaps in its desire to spend relaxation time together. Green room dances, offering every class in the school an opportunity to spend an inexpensive evening in a conveniently locat- ed spot, have always been a tip-off on the real unity of a class. Interesting, therefore, was the class of '37's al- most unanimous response to their Green Room affairs. They stayed away. Above, Rheta Benjamin, chairman of the Senior Ball. It took all her debat- ing ability, and a lot more, to put over the classes big affair. Center, Bernie Zeldow, chairman of Senior VVeek, who did his best to give an unenthusiastic class an enthusiastic wind-up. Below, Muriel Ginsberg, co-chairman of the Senior Social Committee. . 553,000 Senior Most interesting sight in New York Sight most typical of New York . . . Do you think Tammany will elect the next mayor ...... . YVould you vote for LaGuardia . . . Are you in favor of the Child Labor Amend- ment ........ Do you favor the present strict U. S. non-inter- vention policy in regard to Spain . . Do you believe the power of the Supreme Court should be restricted ..... Are you in accord with the Presidents method of restriction ....... Do you sanction sit-down strikes . . . Do you think we're heading towards public ownership ....... X'Vould you accept any sort of a job on gradu- ation . . . . lVould you accept relief . . . . . Have you Hworkedl' your four years at college to its greatest potentialities .... YVhat do you expect to be making five years from now . . . Favorite movie actor Favorite stage actor Favorite movie actress Favorite stage actress . . All time motion picture favorite All time stage production favorite Favorite morning newspaper . Favorite afternoon newspaper Favorite columnist ..... Are you in favor of minimum wages and maxi- Illlllll l1Olll'S . . . XVhat's your favorite radio hour YVhat's your favorite radio personality Do you think "it can happen here"? 46 Times Square-New Year's Eve Subway N0 Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No . Xlvllllkllll Powell Maurice Evans . Myrna Loy Katharine Cornell . The Informer Cyrano de Bergerac . N. Y. Times XVorld - 'Felegram Heywood Broun . . . . Yes Make-Believe Ballroom . . Fred Allen . Yes Hfi11LlSCll11CSI 1112111 Most beautiful co-ed . Most popular boy Most popular girl Class athlete , . Most likely to succeed Class politician . Best-dressed woman . Most typical ol 1V.S.C. Most brilliant . . Did most lor tl1e school Did the school for most. allot George Rose11 Judith Shlelistein Hilly Rosenberg Judith Shlefstcin Hugo Castello Jerry Brooks Harold Rosen Mimi XVeiss . Jerry Levy Milton Fried Herb Gottlieb Harold Rosen Most respected . . Arthur Reiser Most brilliant co-ed Sylvia Marks Class egotist . Rheta Benjamin Most l1U1l10110US YValter Newman Laziest . Leonard Berkowitz Favorite professor . Bl11'gU111 Most "cut' professor Barnicle "Cutest" professor Toven Best teacher . Bruun Easiest marker . . . Bridgeman Most stimulating professor . . . Hook Course liked most . Contemporary Novel Course liked least .... . . . Math Age at which XVO111611 expect to marry . 24 Age at which women would like to inarry 21 Age at wl1icl1 111Cl1 expect to marry . . 28 Age at which 111C11 would like to marry . 25 Number of Cl1llQll'C11 men would like to have . . 2 Number of cl1ildren women would like to have . . . 2 Greatest living An1erica11 man . . . . Roosevelt Greatest living A111erica11 woman . . Margaret Sanger Greatest American personality of all time . Lindbergh Greatest living ma11 .... . Einstein Greatest living woman . Most outstanding New Yorker . XVallis Simpson La Guardia 47 Seniors 5-nr ADELBERG ROSALI ND ADELMAN INEZ ALEXANDER l , '4 4 ' 'fffffi Arxitcatfiiit '1'12A1.1f.xNo RGE H. ALLEN ANTHO l ARAGONA HELEN ADELHERG, 24l Van Vorst Street, jersey' City, N. Vice-President, Social Chairman, Feb-Sept. Freshman Class, Spanish Club, Circulation Manager, Vnrielz'r'.s'. ROSALIND ADELMAN, 320 Central Park YVest, N. Y. C. INEZ ALEXANDER, 3211 Beverly Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. MARGUERITE ALFANO, do Venezuelan Consulate. ll5 Iiroacl Street, N. Y. C.: Spanish Cluhg Italian Club: Spanish Coach. GEORGE H. ALLEN, 5515 YY. llll Slreet, N. Y. C. ANTHONY ARAGONA. l02li 65 Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. LL'- CILLE AUGUST, 2l XY. 86 Street. N. Y. C. FLOR- ENCE AYRESO, 8108 12 Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. FLORElN C E XY RESO 1,UC11,LE ,xuousr 1 GLORIA E. BAI RD MARGARET P. BACHMAN, 1795 Riverside Drive, New York, N. Y. GLORIA E. BAIRD, 107-311 171 Street, Jamaica, Queens, N. Y.: American Literary Society, Book Clubg Spanish Club. ROBERT BAKER, 152 Sherman Avenue, jersey City, N. Alpha Kappa Delta, Sociology Society. EVELYN BARSHAK, 1018 E. 163 Street, Bronx: Senior Social Coin. SELMA BARSKY, 911 1Valton Ave., Bronx. ROSALIND BASECU, 1751 E. 28 St., Brooklyn, N. Y. AARON BASKIN, 681 Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Secre- tary, Day Organization, President, Psychology Groupg Committee of Upperclass Counsellors for Freshrnen. ROS XLIND BASESCU AARON BASKIN SAUL BECKER EDWVARD BASSUK, 705 l'Vi1lougl1by Ave., B'klyn, N. Y.: XV. S. C. Champ. Basketball Squad g Com- merce Bullelin Album. VITO BAZILAUSKAS, 51 Wilson Pl., Irvington, N. Biology Group, Mandel Chem. Society, Art Staff, Varieties. SAUL BECKER 7 250 XV. 94 St., N. Y. C.: Junior and Senior Ball, Class, Social, Senior XVeek Comms., Menorahg Chairman, Sr. Boat Ride. MORTON BEER, 1317 Findlay Ave., Bronx, N. Y.: Mandel Chem. Society, Biology Group. LEON BEERMAN, l2l4 Lincoln Pl., B'klyn, N. Y CAROLYN BELFER, 205 E. l7 St., B'klyn, N. Y RHETA BENJAMIN, 426 Rugby Rd., B'klyn, N. Y.. MORTON BEER I l LEON BEERMAN CAROLYN M., RHE'l'A BENJAMIN . xc JOYCE BENNE' lvl' Tau Kappa Alpha: Alb1111l,' Varsity Dcbatcg lizzllzflim Business Manager, SIIIIIIIIFI' Hfzllfflirzf vice-president. International Relations Club: D. S.: Chairman Sen. Ball: Baskelballg Hockcy. JOYCE BENNETT, 898 XVesL End Arc., N. Y. C.: Book Club: French Club. IRVING BERELSON, 1221 -H St., Pfklyn, N. Y.: Prcs. Historical Society: Int. Relations Club: Junior. Senior Social Comms.: Comm. of ljppcrclass Council- lors for Fresh. LEONARD BERKOXYITZ, -H0 E. Ili St., N. Y. C.: Alpha Lambda Phi: Editor, Hv11iezu.' Al- bum. lRVlNG BERMAN, l529 Plimpton Avenue, Bronx. N. Y. ARTHUR BERNSTEIN, 478 Cemral IRVING B "LSON IRVING BERMAN EONARD BERKOXVITZ ARTHUR BERNSTEIN BERNARD NSTEIN BESSEN ll Park lVest, N. Y. C.: .Iunior Social, Junior Prom Corn- mitteesg Chairman, Junior Men's Affairs Committee. BERNARD BERSTEIN, 1909 E. 17 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Psychology Club. DORIS BERNSTEIN, 522 XV. 211 Street, N. Y. C. EST1-IER BESSEN, l90 Beach 149 Street, Neponsit, L. I., N. Y. BERTI-IA BICK, 617 VVest End Avenue, New York, N. Y. TANYA BLANC, 1030 Park Place, Brooklyn, N. Y.: German Clubg Book Cluhg Sociology Club. ANNA BOL- LAND, 447 8 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Omega Pig Christian Assoeiationg Deutscher Verein. ARTHUR BORCHEK, 129 Magnolia Avenue, Jersey City, N. l BERTHA BICK l ARTHUR ORCHEK X MAURICE BORER, 1439 President Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Alpha Lambda Phi. SIDNEY L. BOTVINIK, 1634 E. 2 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Circulation Man- ager, Album, Associate Board, Bulletin, Secretary, Elections Committee. EDITH HELEN BREHM, 30- 70 32 Street, Astoria, L. I.: Book Club, French Club, Spanish Club, Pan-American Club, Christian Asso- ciation, Varicflies. ENID BRESL.-XXV, 2256 78 Street Brooklyn, AN. Y.: Pre-Professional Study Group, Bio- logy Group, Mandel Chemistry Society, Associate Edi- tor, Lantern. LOUIS BRIGNOLE, l7l YV. 4 Street, New York, N. Y.: Physics Club, Biology Group. ENID BRESLAXV DITH HELEN BREHM LOUIS BRIGNOLE BRIM BERN BROXVN 3 MIRIAM BRIM, 2345 Broadway, New York, N. Y.: Mandel Chemistry Society, Biology Group, Dramatic Society. JEROME BROOKS, 934 Carroll Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Alpha Lambda Phi, Editor, Album, Committee of Upperclass Counsellors for Freshmen, Revz'ezu,' Square, XV.S.C. Delegate to Associated Col- legiate Press Convention, 1936. BERNICE BROWN, 57 Summit Avenue, Newark, N. Vice-President, Math Club, Secretary, Evening Math Club, Junior Advisory Committee, Book Club, Editor, tlfath X. PAUL BRUNS, 3463 Cannon Place, New York, N. Y.: Delta Phi Alpha, Bulleling Committee of Upperclass A XRON BUCHSB AU NI PAUL BRUNS Sl-IIRLICY , 'SAR A Counsellors lor Freslnueng Varsity Golf, President Deutscher Verein. AARON BUCHSBAUM, 37 River- side Drive, New York, N. Y. HEATRlCE BUSCH 38 johnson Avenue, Newark, N. QI. SHIRLEY CAE- SAR, 101-22 48 Avenue, Corona, Queens, N. Y.: Dean, Alpha Epsilon Phi, Student Delegateg Junior, Senior Social Committees, Delegate to Tyrean Councilg Jun- ior Aclvisorv Committee. CLARA CALI, 2055 E. 47 Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. LIEANETTE CAMUS, 352 XV. l2 Street, New York, N. Y.: French Club. LES- TER CANDELA, 576 18 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Freshman Debating: Everiirzg News: Secretary, v v MARIO CAPIO LESTER CANDELA H U CO CASTELLO e I l MIL I' CEDAR FR AN AURO Science Society, Psychology Club, Art Club. MARIO CAPIO, 393 Summer Street, Paterson, N. HUGO CASTELLO, 6031 Delafielcl Avenue, Riverdale, New York, N. Y.: Sigma, President, Justiniang Discipline Committee, Varsity Fencing, Spanish Club. MILTON CEDAR, 222 Broadway, Amityville, L. I., N. Y. AL- LEN CEDERBAUM, 90 E. 8 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. FRANCIS CELAURO, 243 E5 Street, Jersey City, N. Newman Club. CHARLES FELIX CHAYES, 43 Hlykagyl Terrace, New Rochelle, N. Y.: Critic, Re- view. MORTIMER CI-lOI,S'I', H585 E. 94 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Mandel Chemistry Society: Biology MORTIM ER CHOLST CHARLES FELlX CHAYES JOSEPH CIARD YVATS CICHY X- Groupg W.S.C. Sophomore Basketball, N.Y.U. Fresh- man Baseball. JOSEPH CIARDIELLO, 144 Carson Avenue, Richmond, N. Y. WVATSON CICHY, 1908 8 Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Psychology Associationg Biology Group, Mandel Chemistry Society, Newman Club. JACK CITRIN, 284 Grand Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. BEATRICE COHAN, 418 Broadway, Bayonne, N. Lambda Gamma Phi, Sociology Club, Biology Group. ABRAHAM COHEN, ll59 56 Street, Brook- lyn, N. Y. EMANUEL S. COHEN, 901 Ogden Ave- nue, New York, N. Y.: Senior Ball, Senior Social Com- mitteesg Mandel Chemistry Society, Biology Group. BEA COHAN LEONARD COHEN FLOREN CROMIEN f LEONARD COHEN, 595 Vermont Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. MARJORIE COHEN, 938 E. 14 Street, Brook- lyn, N. Y. MAXIMILLIAN CRISPIN, 15 E. 94 Street, New York, N. Y. FLORENCE CROMIEN, 115 YVilson Street, Hartsdale, N. Y. FLORENCE CUTLER, 1745 President Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. Aj.-XNICE CUTLER, 317 E. 13 Street, New York, N. Y.: Vice-President, Senior Class, President, Aeselepiad, Vice-President, Biology Group. GEORGETTE DACHTU, 237 Wlest Fulton Street, Long Beach, L. L, N. Y.: Vice-President, Secretary, French Club. BON- NIE DANIELSON, 1391 Madison Avenue, New York, FLORENCE CUVILER BONNIE IELSON N. Y. ARTHUR DAVIDSON, 417 Parsons Boule- yard, Malba, I.. I., N. Y. VINCENT DE GAETANO. ti9I Hart Street, Brooklyn, Y.: Psychology Associa- IIOIIQ Mandel Chemistry Society, Biology Group. HENRY DENZEL, 36 Garden Street, VVest Engle- wood, N. PETER DI NARDO, 146 Hillside Ave- nue, Bridgeport, Conn.: Book Club, Italian Club, Anti-INar Cornmitteeg Discipline Committee. JOSEPH DOLGIN, II26 E. 9 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. ARTHUR DOLNANSKY, I0 Monroe Street, New York, N. Y. MARTIN DONENFELD, I375 St. Marks Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. TANYA DONO- PETER DI NARDO FNRY DENZEL JOSEPH DOLGIN XR'1'I-1U DOLNANSKY MARTIN DONENFELD f TANYA DONOXYITZ XVITZ, 1518 XVa1ton Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Efleeticg Square Economics Society: Dramatic Soeietyg Ameri- can Student Union. DUANE DORSETT, 22 XY. S Street, New York, N. Y. FREDERICK DORST, 11 Rutland Road, Brooklyn, Y. MARJORIE DOUGLIS, 410 Riverside Drive, New York, N. Y.: Choral Society, Philosophical Society, American Stu- dent Union. FLORENCE DUBINSKY, XV. 86 Street, New York, N. Y. BERNARD DUHAN, 701 XV. 175 Street, New York, N. Y.: Assistant Manager, Varsity Basketballg Manager, Debating Society: Men- orah: XV.S.C. Baseball: 1'o'itiea1 Science Club: Dra- FREDERICK DORST UANE DORSETT l T 2 l l -L FLORENC DUBINSKY BERNHARD DUHAN matic Society. FREDERICK DUMOULIN, 522 E. 156 Street, Bronx, N. Y. MILTON EISENBERG, 529 Sheffield Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. HERBERT EISLER, 430 John Street, East Newark, N. Beta Lambda Sigmag Delta Phi Alpha, Biology Groupg Mandel Chemistry Society, Caduceang Dramatic So- ciety. LESTER EISNER, 202 Dodd Street, VVee- hawken, N. J. EVELYN ELKIN, 659 Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Sigma Sigma. MILTON ELLER, 204-I0 Hillside Avenue, Hollis, Queens, N. Y. JOHN ERIVIN, 132 Grant Avenue, Farmingdale, N. Y. LEO FAHNRICH, 2ll7A E. 23 Street, Brooklyn, N. MARJORIE FREDERICKD I OULIN HERBERT EISLER B TON EISENBERG 1 LESTER EISNER l EVEL l ELKIN l ,MILTON ELLER I JOHN WIN Y. YVALTER FAHRER, 129 20 Street, YVest New York, N. German Club. MURIEL FARBER, 30- 26 36 Street, Long Island City, N. Y. FLORENCE FAUST, 779 Prospect Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. HER- BERT FEDERBUSH, 298 Avenue P, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Track, Footballg Math Club. EDYTHE FEIN- BERG, 975 YValton Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Delta Phi Epsilon, Business Adviser, Bulletin, Advertising Man- ager, Album, Varieties. GERALDINE FELDMAN, 1680 Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. HERBERT FISHBEIN, 304 E. 2 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. LEON- ARD L. FISCHMAN, 428 Grant Avenue, Brooklyn, f S LEO FAHNRICH l YVALTER FAHRER l FLORE. 'CE FAUSI' l HERBERT FEDE R I3 U SH Y.: Sigma: Associate Editor, lizzllzfling Albzung Stu- lent Councilg Debating Societvg Square Economics Society: Dramatic Society. EDMUND FONTA- NELLA, I5-I Lincoln Avenue, Hawthorne, N. Math Club. MANET FOXVLER, 76 Edgecombe Avenue, New York, N. Y.: Album: Associate Board, l?1zllf:l1'n,' XV.S.C. Choral Societvg Fourth Estate Clubg Executive Committee, American Student Uniong David james Burrell Prizeg Alpha Kappa Delta: Bach Cantata Society. EDITH FOX, Franklyn Apart- ments, Mamaroneck, N. Y. GEORGIANA FOX, 7 Lincoln Place, Grantwood, N. President, Christian MURIEL FA I- EDYTHE F ' NBERG HERBFRI It ISHBEIN LEONARD L. FISCHMA ' FOX ? Association, President, Canterbury Clubg Junior Ad- visory Committee. LEONARD FOX, 21 Grandview Avenue, Monsey, N. Y.: Mandel Chemistry Society, Psychology Club, Biology Group. SYLVLA FREE- MAN, 1455 Sheridan Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. MILTON FRIED, 567 Bradford Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Leader, Sigma, Associate Edit-or, Album, Square Economics Society: Assistant Comptroller, Day Organization: Committee ol Uppercilass Counsellors for Freshmen. MARTHA FRIEDMAN, 97-05 Jerome Avenue, Ozone Park, Queens, N. Y. SYLVIA FRIEDMAN, 1720 E. 19 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. SELMA FRISHLING, 60 ,L FORGIANA FOX LEONARD rox l SYLVIA l v MILTON FRIED MARTHA FRIEDMAN A 2 Avenue, New York, Y.: Book Club. DAVID FUCHS, 1474 Jesup Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. ARTHUR H. GAMSON, 3201 Neptune Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. NATHAN GENDEL, 768 Brady Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Spanish Club, Physics Club, Biology Group, Mandel Chemistry Society, Senior Week Committee. ETTA GERSTEIN, 1367 80 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Dramatic Society, Fencing Club, Pre-Professional Group, Science Society. MURIEL GINSBERG, 985 Bergenline Avenue, Union City, N. Spanish Club, Junior Advisory Committee, Secretary, Historical So' ciety, Chairman, Senior Social Committee, Junior SYLVIA FRI f MAN .-XRTHU R H. CAMSO MURIEL 'INSBERC Social Committee, Dramatic Society. HERMAN GITTES, 38 Aldine Street, Newark, N. DAVID GLADSTONE, 16 Vreeland Terrace, jersey City, N. President, Evening Organization, Chairman, Even- ing Clubs. ELEANOR GOLDBERG, 571 Avenue C, Bayonne, N. Book Club, American Literature So- ciety, French Club. GABRIEL F. GOLDSTEIN, 225 XV. 86 Street, New York, N. Y.: Business Manager, B1lH6ll'7Ij Associate Chairman, Elections Committee, Album. MARTIN GOLDSTEIN, 1680 Clay Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. MORTON GOLDXVURM, 215 E. Cunhill Road, Bronx, N. Y.: Physics Society, Biology HERMAN GITTES GABRIEL F. GOLDSTEIN l l i Group. HERBERT GORDON, 3990 Saxon Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: XV.S.C. Choral Society. HERBERT GOTTLIEB, 301 E. 21 Street, New York, N. Y.: Sig- ma: President, Day Organization: Associate Editor, Crilir. DOROTHY GRIMMELMAN, 32 92 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Eclectic: Captain, XVOIIICILS Fencing: Eta Sigma Phi: Stevenson Club. ALVIN GROSS, l653 Sheepshead Bay Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. MIL- TON GROSS, 226 Dwight Street, jersey City, N. Manager, XV.S.C. String Orchestra: XV.S.C. Choral So- ciety: Madrigal Society, Director, XV.S.C. Trio, Quar- tet: Director, Radio Music Group. EDXVARD GUR- HERBER I GO1 PI LIEB DOROTHY GRlMMELMi Nl EDN' URNIEXVICZ NIEXVICZ, 640 60 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Cadueean Soeietyg German Club, Chess Club, Biology Group. IRENE GUTTMAN, 233 Keap Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. CHARLES F. HAAS, 97-25 126 Street, Richmond Hill, Y. BERNARD HALFOND, 1567 Fulton Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Tau Kappa Alpha, Secretary, A.A. Board ol' Control, Associate Editor, Vrlriclirfsg Student Director, N.Y.U. Debating, A.A. Represen- tative lor lV.S.C.g Member, Intramural Council, lV.S.C. Captain, Varsity Debate. LAURA HALPERN, 2868 Heath Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Chancellor, Lamb- da Gamma Phig Vice-President, Sophomore Classg CHARLES F. HAAS V lRENE GUTTMAN 1 BERNARD HALFON LAURA LPERN Junior Social Committeeg W.S.C. Choral Society. SARA HAMMER, 182 W. 31 Street, Bayonne, N. NATHAN HANDLIN, 6208 20 Avenue, Brooklyn N. Y. ADELE HILDA HARTMAN, 151 WV. 74 Street, New York, N. Y.: Iota Alpha Pig Junior Ad- visory Committee, Book Club. ROSE HARTMANN. 86-42 Clio Avenue, Hollis, Queens, N. Y.: Aesclepiad, Beta Lambda Sigmag Delta Phi Alpha. PETER HASELBAUER, 260 E. 72 Street, New York, N. Y.: N.Y.U. Philatelic S o c i e t y 3 Management Club. LOUISE HAWKINS, Mansheld Avenue, Darien, Conn. GERARD HEIMS, 325 YV. 86 Street, New SARA HAM1v1f,B, NATHAN ANDLIN X ROSE HARTMANN LE HILDA HARTMAN l A PETER HASFLRAITF l LOUI HAYVKINS ARD I-IEIMS I ANNE RE ' LA HIRSCH York, N. Y. ANNE REVELLA HIRSCH, 706 River- side Drive, New York, N. Y.: Treasurer, Alpha Ep- silon Phi, Bulletin. THOMAS HOCHMEISTER, 59-22 Linden Street, Ridgewood, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Fourth Estate Club, Spanish Club, Don R. Mellett Memorial Prize. ALBERT HOLUB, 85-21 56 Ave- nue, Elmhurst, L. I., N. Y.: International Relations Club, German Club, Christian Club. ELAINE HORWITZ, 33-44 154 Street, Flushing, N. Y.: Alpha Epsilon Phig Eclecticg Treasurer, League of YVomeng W.S.C. Chorus. DANIEL HYMAN, 6413 19 Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Medley, Triad. MARY IRACI, 440 f ARTHUR HOLUB T OMAS HOCHMEISTER ELAIN E HORXVITZ DANIEL , YMAN 4 83 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. GEORGE JACOBS, 918 -I3 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Chancellor, Phi Lambda Deltag Vice-President, Evening Organization, Social Chairman, Evening Organilationg Executive Commit- tee. Science Societyg Student Councilg Chairman, Com. 'ol Upperclasstnen Counsellors lor Ereslnneng Student Guide Com.: Evening Prom Cont., Chairman. Sophomore Social Cont. PEARL JACOBS, 90 River- side Drive, New York, N. Y. RITA JANOSKA, 44- 17 64 Street, NVoodside, N. Y. ESTELLE B. JOA- CHIM, H46 E. 26 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Sigma Sigma, Elementary Education Clubg Junior Advisory MARY IRACI GEORGE . COBS ESTELLE B. JOACHIM FLOREL KAPLAN 4? Connnittee. JAMES JONES, Jr., 226 XV. 150 Street New York, N. Y.: Freshman Track, Basketball, Man clel Chemistry Society, Biology Group. ALEX ANDER KANDEL, 156 2 Avenue, New York, N. Y FLORENCE KAPLAN, 513 E. 79 Street, New York N. Y. ARTHUR KAPPLOXV, 1500 1,0P1l3lH Avenue Bronx, N. Y.: Sports Editor, Bulleting Student Ar ranger of Music, XV.S.C. Choral Societyg Assistant Conductor, Maclrigal Societyg Freshman Basketball XV.S.C. Basketball. MAY KASNER, 2065 Morris Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. ESTI-IER KATZ, 34 Seigel 2 ARTHUR KAPPLOXV MILTO KESSLER Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Alpha Kappa Delta, Histori- cal Society, Junior Advisory Committee. MILTON S. KESSLER, 152 Lyons Avenue, Newark, N. American Student Union. JESS KIMMEL, 48 Ash- ford Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Alpha Phi Omega, Pres- ident, Dramatic Society, Associate Editor, Lantern, Production Manager, Varsity Show, Committee of Upperclass Counsellors for Freshmen. ARTHUR KIPNIS, 658 Bergenline Avenue, YVest New York, N. J.: Album, Intramural Basketball, Spanish Club, Bulletin, Model Convention. MALVIN KITTAY, 2939 Brighton 7 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Mandel . 4,- PAUL KIVELEXVITZ MALVIN KITTAY FREDA KLEIN Veal KLEIN RUTH Chemistry Society, Math Club. PAUL KIVEL- EWITZ, 3l Fairmont Street, Norwich, Conn.: Varsity Debate. FREDA KLEIN, 300 Riverside Drive, New York, N. Y. LEO KLEIN, 3467 De Kalbe Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Mandel Chemistry Society, Psychologi- cal Associationg Biology Group. SELMA KLEIN, ll22 Avenue N, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Pi Mu Epsilong Sec- retary, Math Clubg Evening Math Club. RUTH KLEINBERG, 326 E. 78 Street, New York, N. Y. DAVID KLEINER, 1874 76 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Caducean Society, Beta Lambda Sigma, Committee of Upperclass Counsellors for Freshmen, Senior Social HERMAN KLEINMAN DAVID KLEINER EDXVARD KLEY ESTHER G . LE KOBET Connnittees, l'sycl1oloU'ical Association, B i o 1 o U' y 1 ij D , Group, Mandel Clleniistry Society. HERMAN KLEINMAN, 1749 57 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Vice- President, Caducean Society, Historical Society, Man- del Clicniistry Society, Biology Group. EDXVARD KLEY, 95-23 107 Street, Richmond I-lill, Queens, N. Y.: Psyclrology Club, Newman Club, Biology Group, Mandel Cl1CllllSl1'Y Society. ESTHER GRACE KO- Pl'1', 1349 Lexington Avenue. New York, N. Y. BETTY KOSKI, 138 Sullivan Place, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Sigma Sigma, Elections Committee, Circulation Manager, Crilir. LEONARD KRAMER, 107 XV. 86 BETTY KOSLL RUTH KREUTZER RA N RRAUS HAROLD KREYSKY X RRUMAN RITA KURTZBERG Street, New York, N. Y. FRANCES KRAUS, 3115 Brighton 4 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Reviewg Dramatic Society. RUTH KREUTZER, 3294 Bedford Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. HAROLD KREVSKY, 223 3 Street, Elizabeth, N. Vice4l'resident, Secretary, Aleph Zadek Aleph. ALVIN KRINSRY, 22 NV. 83 Street, New York, N. Y.: Menorah, Vnricliesg Dramatic S0- tiety. THELMA KRUMAN, 65 Goldsmith Avenue, Newark, N. RITA KURTZBERG, 3923 210 Street, Bayside, N. BERNARD KUSHEL, 2l55 67 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Le Cercile Frangaisg American Literature Society Varsity Field Band. ELEANOR ,A ELEANOR KUSHEL BERNARD J. 14UsHEL HELEN KUTCHER PEARL KUSHEL, 7020 Bay Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y. HELEN KUTCHER, 62 YV. 94 Street, New York, N. Y. PEARL LANCET, 2471 Grand Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. LAVVRENCE LARSEN, 199 Beechwood Ave- nue, Richmond, N. Y. LOIS LAUER, 54 Harrison Street, Stapleton, Richmond, N. Y. ROBERT LAU- TERBACH, 780 Rugby Road, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Chairman, Program Committee, Caducean Societyg Biology Group, Mandel Chemistry Society, Pre-Pro- fessional Group. BEATRICE LEHMAN, 920 Linden Boulevard, Brooklyn, N. Y. ALEXANDER LEM- BERGER, 1640 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y. LUIS BE -X I RIC E LEHM AN ALEXANDER LEMBERG I BENJAMIN ' '. LEVINSON JACOB LEVENTHAL, 4800 14 Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. LILLIAN LEVINE, '72 Daniel Low Terrace, Richmond, N. Y.: Varsity Fencing, Secretary, Psi Chi, Book Club, Anti-War Committee. BENJAMIN T. LEVINSON, North Main Street, Spring Valley, N. Y.: Tau Delta Phi, Psychology Club, Interfraternity Council. HATTIE LEVY, 160 YV. 33 Street, Bayonne, N. Book Clubg American Literature Society, French Club. HENRY LEVY, 415 Ovington Avenue, Brook- lyn, N. Y. JEROME LEVY, 477 Brooklyn Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Co-Chairman, Senior Social Com- mittee. NORMAN LEIVIS, l005 Jerome Avenue, HA'l"I'IE LEVY NORMAN LEXVIS 1 Bronx, N. Y.: Fencing HQ, Co-Captain, '36-'37, Sen- ior Ball Connnitteeg French Cluh. SIDNEY LIBS- MAN, 127 Bay 37 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Mandel Chemistry Societyg Biology Group, Deutscher Yerein. MARIE LICATA, 52 Spruce Street, Corona, N. Y. BERNARD LIEBI-IABER, I733 E. 4 Street, Brook- lyn, N. Y. FRANCES LINDENBAUBI, 1810 E. 22 Street, Brooklyn. N. Y.: Chancellor, Pi Alpha Tau: Deutscher Verein: Student Council. BEATRICE LINDERMAN, l96f1 Chapel Street, New Haven, Conn.: Sociology Club, Junior Prom Conunitteeg Vr1r1'e'f1'cs. HYMAN LIPPMAN, -144 Morris Avenue, FR ANCES LlNIDElN BAUM l IBEATRIGE l.I NDERM.- Y 'IOSEP OCASCJIO Newark, NJ.: Cadueean Society: Bela Lambda Sigma: Pi Mu Epsilon: Treas., Biology Group: Mandel Chem- istry Society. ROSE LI'l'T, 585 XVest End Avenue, New York, N. Y.: Pi Alpha Tau. QIOSEPH LOGA- SGIO, 2223 Lodoviek Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. CAR- MEI.O LOCICERO, 7-1 Marshall Street, Paterson, N. SIGMUND LOEXVENTHAI., 769 St. Marks Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. BARTLO LOMBARDO, I2-30 Malvern Street, Newark, N. GEORGE LON- DON, 302 Nostrand Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. ANNE LOSGALZO, 3078 38 Street, Long Island Gitv, N. Y.. Lambda Gamma Phi: Mandel Chemistry Society, SIGMU H ARMELO LOCICERO C. 1 1 GEORGE Junior Social Committee. MIRIAM LUBELL, 3349 Steuben Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Freshman Social Com- mittee, Secretary, Sociology Club. STANLEY HAR- RIS LUNITZ, 250 YVest 99 Street, New York, N. Y.: Medley, Dramatic Society, VIH"Z'61i6S. HILDRETH LUSTGARTEN, 237 E. 175 Street, Bronx, N. Y. AGNETA LUX, 666 St. Marks Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. EDXVARD MCALLISTER, 147-21 17 Road, VVhiteslone, Queens, N. Y.: President, Newman Club, Chairman, Interfaith Council, Committee of Upper- class Counsellors for Freshmen. BEATRICE Mc- CLEARY, 312 Manhattan Avenue, New York, N. Y. 5 HILDRETH L USTCARTEN S . NLEY HARRIS LUNITZ AGNETA LUX 1 l EDXVA MCAILISTER BEATRICE MCLEARY 1 .X ROSEMARY MQCOLLUM ROSEMARY MCCOLLU M, 756 Paterson Plank Road, North Bergen, N. HELEN MCGANN, 354 E. 21 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. SYLVIA MADFES, 135 Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y. LILLIAN MAI- SEL, 109-14 Ascan Avenue, Forest Hills, N. Y.: Vice- President, Psi Chi, Vice-President, Psychology Club. LEONARD MANDEL, 2-1 State Normal Place, Jersey City, N. President, Tau Kappa Alphag Varsity De- bate, Chess Teamg Business Manager, Square, Varie- Iiesg Junior Prom Committee. RUTH MANDEL- BAUM, 520 YV. 150 Street, New York, N. Y. HELEN MARGON, 235 Mt. Hope Place, Bronx, N. Y. LU- Z SYLVIA MADFES HELEN MCGANN ,V t LILLIAN MAISEL l LEONARI MANUEL RUTH MANDELBA CILLE MARKOXV, ltS8l E. 28 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. SYLYLX MARKS, 2305 Avenue L, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Eta Sigma Phi: Sussman Memorial .-Xwarcl: Btlllzflin: Ifezfiezvq Varsity Show: Dramatic Soeietyg :iHlll7H,' Elec- tions Committee: Senior Ball Committeeg Vfl7'iI'fir".Y,' .Xnti-XYztr Committeeg l.nnl1'r11. EYELYN MARMUR, l730 Carroll Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Vice-l't'esitleut. Frcsluuan Class: Junior Prom Committee: League of X'Vomeu Luncheon Committeeg Fall Frolie Committeeg Sociology Club. Pl-IYLLIS MAZZ.-XRELLA, 3309 34 Avenue. Long lslaml City, N. Y. HARRIET MEISE- LAS, 830 E. -18 Street, Brooklyn. N. Y. RALPH HELEN SYLYIA MARKS X L UCILLE MARKOXV Ff EVELYN MARM OR PHYLLIS XL! XRI LL X MEISELTS RALPH IELIZER MELTZER, Lake House, Wloodridge, N. ROSE MELTZER, ll-1 Outwater Lane, Garfield, N. French Club. DANIEL MENDELSON, 1732 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y. BERNARD MILLER, 811 Crotona Park North, Bronx, N. Y.: Square Economics Society, Medley. SAUL MILLER, 811 Crotona Park North, Bronx, N. Y.: Square Economies Societyg flied- ley. VERA MILLER, 40-02 207 Street, Bayside, L. I., N. Y. ELEANOR MILSTEIN, 1635 Popham Ave- nue, Bronx, N. Y. JOAN MINDLIN, 169-02 Hillside Avenue, Jamaica, Queens, N. Y.: Freshman Fencing Club, French Club, Review, Fall Frolic Committee, DAN IEL XILNDLLSON ROSE MELTZER SAUL MILLER Junior Prom, Sophomore Social Comniittees. CER- TRUDE MIRSKY, 30 XVCSIIIHHSICI' Road. Brooklyn. N. Y. MARION MONDSCHEIN, 1527 Ocean Park- way, Brooklyn. N. Y. RITA MOREAU, 311 6 Street, Union City, N. Historical Society, l'an-American Society. FLORENCE MOSKOYVITZ, 3111 Glenwood Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. THED.-X MOSS, 334 XV. 87 Street, New York, N. Y. JOHN MUDREY, 710 Leonard Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. RENEE MYERS, 1605 XValt0n Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Leader, Eclectic: Varsity Debating: Tau Kappa Alpha: Secretary, Anti- YVar Connnitteez Secretary, American Student Union! 5 GERTRUDE MIRSKY OAN MINDLIN R1 'X NIOREA1' FLORENCE MOSKOXYITZ -1-1. Le S 1 THEDA MOSS Secretary, Philosophical Soeietyg Student Couneilg Square Economies Society. GEORGE NACHTRAB, 69-13 68 Street, Glendale, L. 1., N. Y.: Spanish Clubg Le Cerele Franeaisg Association of Spanish Teachers. IRVING NAIDORF, 1441 E. 32 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Freshman Footballg Biology Groupg Mandel Chem- istry Soeietyg Orchestra. ANNA NELSON, 151 So. 12 Avenue, Mount Vernon, N. Y. SARA NELSON, 151 So. 12 Avenue, Mount Vernon, N. Y. YVALTER NEYV- MAN, 25 Central Park XVest, New York, N. Y.: Psi Chig Bullr'lin,' Freshman Advisory Committeeg Psycho- logy Club, Album. IRVING NICHOLSON, 1649 E. RENEE MYERS JOHN M UDREY GEORGE N AC HTRA V l IRVING NAIDORI-' AN NA N ELSON ,L 4 Street, New York, N. Y.: Editor, Ezlerzirzg Nezus: Chairman, Evening Clubs, Evening Council: Draina- tic Society. NILS NORDSTROM, Jr., 664 88 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Freslnnan Track. MILTON OKIN, H75 Grand Concourse, Bronx, N. Y.: Associate Edi- tor, I.r1nIzfr11,' Biology Group. MARCELLA OKUN, 352 Stone Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Senior Social Connnittee. CHARLES OULIGIAN, 550 XV. 174 Street, New York, N. Y. DORIS L. PALMER, 63 XV. 1 Street, Freeport, N. Y.: Varsity Hockey, Captain, Varsity Basketball: XVOIDCILS Athletic Council: Eroa McCready Award, Spanish Club. BENJAMIN PAY- SARA N ' SON 44,1 lin- 4 IRVING N ICHOLSON AL'l'ER NEXVMAN NILS NoRs'1'RoM, ly NIILT Y OKIN ARCELLA OKUN CHARLES OULIGIAN SON, I428 Harrod Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Beta Lamb- da Sigma: Caducean Society: Mandel Chemistry So- ciety: Biology Group. FLORENCE PECK, 305 Fre- mont Street, Peekskill, N. Y.: President, Beta Phi Al- pha: Rush Captain, Beta Phi Alpha: Canterbury Club. DAVID PENSA, 569 61 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Man- del Chemistry Society. HELEN PERMUT, 682 Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Pi Alpha Tau. JOHN PE- TIX, 2011 8 Street, Passaic, N. FRANCES PIC- COLO, 2442 VVallace Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. JOHN PIERSON, 85 Highwood Terrace, XVeehawken, N. PHYLLIS PIRRO, 163 Hester Street, New York, N. BENJAMIN PAYSON DORIS L. PALMER 1 FLORENCE PECR DAVID PENSER HELEN PERMUT Y.: Secretary, Pi Phi Alpha: Italian Club. FABIAN POLLACHEK, 414 XV. 120 Street, New York, N. Y.: Editor, Vfzrizfliffsg Editor, SIIWIIHFV B11!lc'Iin,' Varsity Debate: International Debating Club: Griffith Hughes Oratorical Award. EVA POLLAK, 1529 Leland Ave- nue, Bronx, N. Y. TOBIE POSNACK, 325 XV. 71 Street, New York, N. Y. JOSEPH PRESS, 2005 E. 2-I Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Secretary, Cadueean Society: Beta Lambda Sigma: Mandel Chemistry Society: Bio- logy Group: Pre-Professional Study Group. RUTH PRESS, Merrick Road, YV. Islip, N. Y.: Alpha Epsilon Pi. RALPH PRICE, 959 46 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: xyoux ' l'lX JOHN PIERSON F ANCES PICCOLO PHYLLIS PIRRO FABIAN LLACHEK EVA POLLAK TOBIE POSNACK fi-ii Psychology Association, Mandel Chemistry Society, Biology Group. RUTH PRYOR, 41114 Cayuga Ave- nue, Bronx, N. Y. HERBERT FULLER, 215 Chest- nut Street, Roselle, N. President, Mandel Cheni- istry Societyg Caducean Society, Beta Lambda Sigmag Biology Group. NATHAN RADUNSKY, 5 Clinton Place, Suflcrn, N. Y.: Caducean Society: Book Club. EUGENE RAICUS, 150-08 84 Drive, Jamaica, Queens, N. Y. MILDRED RAPHAEL, 428 Auburn Avenue, Buffalo, N. Y.: Delta Phi Alphag Student Councilg President, International Relations Club, Secretary, French Clubg Deutscher Vereing Orchestrag Secretary, -IOSEPH PRESS 1 RUTH 1RYOR Model Assembly ol' League ol Nations. FRANCES REICHMAN, 75 Manhattan Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Historical Societyg Book Clubg B11llffIin,' Riding' Club. ARTHUR REISER, 3016 Barkley Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Editor, 131111611-II! Committee of Upper- class Counsellors lor Freshmen. SOLOMON RICE. 1311 Arctic Avenue, Atlantic City, N. ROSS RILEY, 72 Linden Avenue, Kearny, N. 'IULIUS RIND. 1530 Plimpton Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Math Club: Associate Editor, Math X5 Freshman Baseball. ADELE RIVETTI, 114 Summit Avenue, Union City, N. French Clubg Spanish Clubg Newman Club. GER' MILDREIJ R SPH XE1. FRANCES REICHNLXN f f l ROSS RILEY TRUDE ROBINSON, flS'l liroaclway. Newburglt, X. Y.: Psi Chip Alpha Kappa Delta. JEROME ROCK- NIAN, 723 XV. I4-I Street, New York. N. Y.: President. Senior Class: President. Junior Class: 'l'reztsurer. Jus- tinian Society: Student Council: Historical Society: Sophomore Class XVinner, Criflitlt Hughes Oratorieal ,Xwardg Committee of Upperclass Counsellors lor lfreslnnen. ANITA RODELICO. 910 Bergen Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. SANFORD ROGG, 94 Bay 25 Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. YVILFRED ROGOXV, I29 YV. 32 Street, Bayonne, N. Editor, Sqzuzrrx' Editor, CVI'fIil'.' Varsity Debateg President. Tau Kappa Alpltztg Coztelt. ADELE RIVETTI JULIUS J. KIND GERTRU DE ROBlN. N JEROME . ROCKMAN l ANITA Ron Freshman Debateg Anti-NVar Committee. MARY ROOCHNIK, 1318 Croes Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Pi Mu Epsilong Math Clubg Spanish Club. GEORGE B. ROSEN, 618 Cortelyou Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. GEORGE M. ROSEN, 473 Pennsylvania Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Caducean Society, Beta Lambda Sigma, Science Leagueg Evening Organization. HAR- OLD ROSEN, 604 XV. 162 Street, New York, N. Y.: Alpha Gammag President, Sophomore Classg Student Council, Varsity Show Committeeg Vice-President, Day Organizationg Delta Phi Alpha, Vice-Chairman, Fall Frolicg Vice-Chairman, Varsity Showg Com. of SANFO ROGG M -XRX ROOC HN l K GEORGE B. ROSEN ROSEN Upperclass Counsellors for Freshmen. MYRTLE ROSEN, 528 41 St., Union City, NJ.: Sec., Pi Mu Epsilon, Math Clubg French Clubg Dramatic Soc. HIL- LIARD ROSENBERG, 1532 President Street, Brook- lyn, N. Y.: Tau Delta Phig Sigmag Comptroller, Day Organizationg Student Council. HYMAN ROSSMAN, 9-ll Simpson Street, Bronx, N. Y.: President, Biology Groupg Chairman, Science Leagueg Student Councilg Caducean Societyg Student Treasurer, Philosophical Society, Vice-President, Mandel Chemistry Society, Chairman, Chemistry Coaching Classesg Psychology Club, Varsity and Freshman Debate Teams. MIL- X HYMAN ROSSMAN lI.1.1AR1J ROSFNRFRIL MILTON RO'I'H N.-YIHAN R ' 'HENBERC OSE ROTHEN TON RO'1'H, 23-15 122 Street, College Point, L. I., N. Y. NAXIHAN ROIHENBERC, 500 Vanderbilt Avenue. Brooklyn, N. Y.: Historical Society. ROSE ROIHENBERG, 100 E. 18 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. EYELYN ROTHMAN, 610 YV. 164 Street, New York. N. Y.: Iota Alpha Pi: Book Club: French Book Club: Literary Editor, VI11'l.8fI6?S4,' American Student Union: junior Advisory Committee, Senior Ball Connnittee. GEORGE ROTHMANN, 40-14 Sl Street, Jackson Heights, Queens, N. Y. ISRAEL ROTHMAN, 1791 Marnlion Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Deutscher Verein. MURIEL ROTHSTEIN, 445 Avenue '1', Brooklyn, EVELYN l'H3I.XX ISRAEL ROTHNIAN ORGE ROTHMAN N BI L' RIEI, RO'l'HS'1'El N BEA SACHS SOLOMON SAMBUR RIEI, SALYI N N. Y.: Secretary, Alpha Epsilon Phi: Albion: junior Advisory Committee: Dramatic: Society. BEATRICE SACHS, 2877 Grand Concourse, Bronx. N. Y.: l'i Al- pha Tau: French Club: Book Club: American Litera- ture Society. MURIEL SALVIN, 301 YV. Front Street. Plainfield, N. SOLOMON SAMBUR, East Scho- dack, N. Y.: Deutscher Verein: Mandel Clremistry Society. HERBERT SAMUELS, 4520 Broadway. New York, N. Y.: Mandel Cheniistry Society: Biology Group. RENARD SANDERS, 7426 7 Avenue, Brook- lyn, N. Y. JOSEPH SARULLO, 419 E. I8 Street, New York, N. Y. RUTH SASLOV, 57 XV. l7-1 Street RENARD SANDERS HERBERT SAM U ELS JOSEPH SARULLO l T7 l RUTH Bronx, N. Y. JOHN SAVAGE, 286 XV. 151 Street, New York, N. Y. DOROTHY SCHAFFER, 755 Y'Vest End Avenue, New York, N.Y. STANLEY H. SCHIND- LER, 156 YV. 86 Street, New York, N. Y.: Committee of Upperclass Counsellors for Freslnneng Spanish Club, Justinian Society. MARGARET SCHLIC- TING, 19 Hamilton Avenue, Bronxville, N. Y.: Eclec- tic, Varsity Hoekeyg Varsity Basketballg Varsity Ten- nis, Captain, Tennis, Hockeyg Mandel Chemistry Society, Deutscher Verein. ALAN SCHOEDEL, 33-24 167 Street, Flushing, N. Y.: Associate Board, Bullelini Christian Association. LOUIS SCHREIBMAN, 765 DORO AFFER MARGARET SCHLICTING .' ANLEY H. SCHINDLER ALAN SCHOED EL L LOUIS BRIAN SCH BERN SCHYVARTZ E. 166 Street, Bronx, Y. ESTELLE SCHUTZ- MAN, 933 E. 14 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Le Cercle Francais: Menorah. BERNARD SCHXVARTZ, 141 Ridge Street, New York, N. Y. EMMA SCHYVEIZER, East Main Street, Peekskill, N. Y.: Book Club: Ameri- tan Literature Society. ROSALIE SCIASCIA, 19 St. Mary's Avenue, Staten Island, N. Y.: Spanish Club: Italian Club: French Club. RAPHAEL SCKOLNICK. 984 Blake Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Math Club: Man- del Chemistry Society. THOMAS SCOTT, 4407 New- port Avenue, Norfolk, Virginia. LESTER SEGER- MAN, 1175 E. 9 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Swimming: ROSALIE SCIASCIA EMMA SCHXVEIZER RAPHAEL SCKOLN CK N THOMAS SCO'l"1" LESTER SEGERMAN Intramural Basketball, Handball: Senior Meek, Social Connniltees. ETHEL SELEY, H546 Street, Brook- lyn, N. Y. SELIC SELIGMAN, 169 E. 101 Street, New York, N. Y.: VIll'l'!'lff'.Y,' B11llz'I1'n,' Orchestra, Cho- ral Society. ALBERT SHALOM, 72-1 Avenue K, Brooklyn, N. Y. EVA SHARPE, 2030 E. 177 Street, Bronx, N. Y. MURIEL SHEINGOM, 32 Davis Ave- nue, Kearny, N. JUNE SHIRLINE, 1749 E. 16 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. JUDITH SHLEFSTEIN, 418 Crown Street, Brooklyn, N. Y,: Eclectic, Phi Sigma Sigma, President, Vice-President, League of AVOINCHQ Chairman, Junior Advisory Connnitteeg American X ALBERT SHALO M SELIG SELIGMAN EVA SHARPE IUNE SHIRLINE JUD S1-ILEFSTEIN Stuclent Union, All1tm1,' Student Council. JEAN SHOTTEN, 1122 Oak Street, Far Rockaway, L. I., N. Y.: Circulation Manager. Vr1rz'et1'es,,' Assistant Cir- culation Manager, 14111111115 Junior, Senior Prom Conl- lnitteesg Volleyball, Junior, Senior, Social Connnit- teesg Intramurals. OSNAS SIFF, 7 XV. 96 Street, New York, N. Y. MURRAY SIGEL, 2816 Jerome Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: President, Alpha Phi Omega: Senior Social, Ball Committeesg Biology Group, Deutscher Verein. JEROME SILVERSTEIN, 35-35 N. 167 Street, Flushing, N. Y. LEON SIMON, 174 Pulaski Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Bulletin, Sports Editor, AI- JEAN SHO'l"l'EN KIEROM E SILVERSTEIN bum. HILDA VIVIAN SIMONS, 1 XV. 81 Street, New York, N. Y.: Executive Committee, YV.S.C. Cho- ral Societyg Orchestrag Music Guilclg Bach Cantata Society, Book Club, Anti-XVar Committee. ELI SLOT- KIN, 3965 Sedgwick Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Secretary, Stage Manager, Dramatic Society. LILLIAN SOLO- MON, l950 Andrews Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Book Clubg VIl1'il?ll'If.Y. XVILLIAM SOLOMON, 1414 WVytl1e Place, Bronx, N. Y.: Chairman, .Iunior Promg Senior XVeek Connnitteeg Fall Frolic Committee, Square Economics Society. EMANUEL SOUBERMAN, R.F.D. No. 3, Brewster, N. Y. RUTH SPIEGEL, X LILLIAN SOLOMON ELI SLOTKIN EMAN 'EL SOUBERMAN IYILLIANI SOLOM Y RUTH SPIEGEL LILY STEIGER 28-15 34 Street, Long Island City, N. Y. LILY STEI- GER, 2100 Wlestbury Court, New York, N. Y. RUTH STEIN, 136 1Vaverly Place, New York, N. Y. COR- DELIA STONE, 1375 Dean Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. ARNOLD STRASSBERG, -121 Jelliff Avenue, New- ark, N. Pi Mu Epsilon, Physics Clubg Math Club. MIRIAM STRICKLAND, 441 Ocean Avenue, Brook- lyn, N. Y. DOROTHY SULTAN, 1983 82 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. CORD SUMP, 811 Lincoln Place, Brooklyn, N. Y. ALLEYNE SUNSHINE, 365 New York Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Archon, Phi Sigma Sigma, Album,'-Bullelirzq League of XVomen Luncheon Committee, Sophomore Social Committeegx Junior 4? CO RDELIA STO N E RUTH STEIN ARNOLD STR,-XSSIBIQ G MIRIAM STRICKLAND DOROTHY Sl1l,'l'APi Prom Committee: Ihrizfliesg Dramatic Societyg lilcc- tions Committee: American Student Union. AR- THUR TAMBRINO. 45-50 162 Street, Flushing. I.. 1., N. Y. BEN-IANIIN A. THEEMAN, 1863 An- drews Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Presiclent, Psi Chi: 1V.S.C. Tennis, Chess Teams. LU RE TITONE, 18555 YN. 9 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Committee of Upper- class Counsellors lor Freshmeng Physics Club. ITAL,-X TOMASULO, 881 Saint Nicholas Avenue, New York. N. Y. GERTRUDE TOUB, 33 E. 31 Street, Bay- onne, N. Varsity Debateg French Clubg YV.S.C. Choral Societyg American Literature Societyg Drama- lic Societyg Rewinzu: Madrigal Society: Book Clubg CORD S .I1' 1 9 XR I I-IUR IAXIBRINO BFNTXNIIN X. T1-1F.FM. N CILRTR Hi TOUB iYIlIlIlI'I'. li.-XSENA TOUB, 33 E. 31 Street, Bayonne, N. Manager, XYon1en's Debate: Sqttrzrrq French Club: XY.S.C. Choral Society, Ainerican Literature Society: Dramatic Society: Maclrigal Society, Book Club. SELMA TRANEN. 1455 XN'a1ton Avenue. Bronx, N. Y.: Delta Phi Alpha, Vicie-Presiclent, Deut- scher Vereing Treasurer, Stevenson Club. BEN-IAMIN TRAPANI, 1406 Farr Street, Scranton, Pa.: President, Math Club, Junior Social, Prom Connnitteesg Junior Men's Affairs Committee. BEATRICE TRAUBE, 75 Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Review. VINCENT TUFO, 586 E. 187 Street, Bronx, N. Y.: Y'Vrest1ingg Newman Clubg Biology Group, Mandel Chemistry SELMAN TRANEN KASENA TOUB . .1 1 1 BEAT CE TRAUBE VINCENT TUFO Society. SEYMOUR TURNER, 2578 Bedford Aye- nue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Beta Lambda Sigma, Mandel Chemistry Society, Biology Group, Pre-Professional Group, President, Caducean Society. VINCENT VALENTI, 54 Van Duzer Street, Richmond, N. Y. FRANCES VOGEL, 45 E. Mosholu Parkway, New York, N. Y. JOSEPHINE VULTAGGIO, 1675 Dahill Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. MORRIS NVALDSTEIN, 161 Fulton Place, Paterson, N. President, Secretary, Physics Clubg Science League. SEYMOUR YVASSER- MAN, 1638 W. 6 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. ALBERT WIATERSTON, 1852 Bryant Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. DAVID NVAXLER, 358 E. 8 Street, New York, N. Y. SEYMOUR TURNER -IOSEPHINE VUL'l'.'XG ' O K J ALBERT 'WATERSTON MILDRED XVEINGARTEN, 2525 University Ave- nue, Bronx, N. Y. HAROLD XVEISS, 510 YV. 123 Street, New York, N. Y.: Tau Delta Phig Inter-Frat- ernity Council. MIRIAM XVEISS, 1810 Avenue N, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Sigma Sigmag President, Vice- President, Sociology Club, American Student Uniong Elections Committee, French Club, Anti-War Com- mittee. SEYMOUR YVEISS, Scotland Hill Road, Spring Valley, N. Y.: Treasurer, A.Z.A.g French Club, Anti-1Var Committee. IRENE XVERBER, 473 E. 9 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Day Organization Entertain- ment Committee. JUDAHKVINICK, 1555 53 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Intramural Basketballg Psychology MILDRED NX EINC XR1 EN DAYI D IYAXLER MIRIA XVEISS Club: Chairman, Freshman ll1'OIll. LEONARD YAH- LICK, 66 Chadwick Avenue, Newark, N. HELEN YARMOLINSKY, 203 E. I3 Street, New York, N. Y. HELEN YECALSIK, 533 Court Street, Elizabeth, N. MILTON YUDKOVITZ, 866 Montgomery Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Evening Dramatic Society, Evening Debateg Chairman, Evening Clubsg Student Council. MILTON YURMAN, 620 YV. 172 Street, New York, N. Y.: Junior Social, Prom Committees, Senior Wleek Social Committee. HERSCHEL ZACKHEIM, 3224 YVebb Avenue, Detroit, Mich. ELLIOT ZEITZ, 287 E. 5 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Model U. S. Senateg President, Morning Division, Law School. BER- LEONARD YABLICK D.-KH XVINICK HELEN YXRMOLI NSKY HELEN ALSIK N YUDKOVITZ MILTON YURMAN NARD ZELDOXV, H09 Carroll Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Tau Delta Pllig Chairman, Senior Wleekl Fall Frolie Connnitteeg Senior Ball Connniueeg Football Intramural Hanclballg Inter-Fraiernity Council. SYL- VIA ZIMBLER, 8750 Bay Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Deutscher Verein. FANNY ZIMNIER, 865 Lenox Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. EDXVARD ZIMMERMAN, ELLIOT ZEITZ HERSCHEL ZACKHEIM BERNARD ZELDOXN SYLVI A 202-1 76 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. EVELYN ZIRIN- SKY, 513 Crown Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: President, Secretary, Stevenson Geology Clubg Book Club. ELEANOR ZYVEIG, 201 Summit Avenue, Union City, N. Student Council, Le Cercle Frangaisg Varsity Show, El Centro Hispano. EINYARD '. MMERNIAN Every senior on the preceding sixty-three Qs has passed under tl1e above entrance at some tiineior other. The facade is on the Main Building and over- looks XX'ashington Square Park. XX'hat this particular entrance meant to each senior, variedg it depended upon the senior hitnsell. 'lio some the site may be reininiscent ol' inanv afternoons spent. huddled in chat- ter belore the entrance ol' the eollegeg to others merely something that had to he passed under to get to the Reserve Reading Rooin, or the elevators, 'l'o inost ol' the seniors it strikes other laniiliar chords: under the lettering. on the steps ol' the building. Anti-XYar demonstrations were held: on the sidewalk, A.,-X. tickets were bought and sold: around the entrance clustered shoe shine lads waiting lor their prev. To all it is reminiscent ol' timeM-of changegrol four years spent in New York University. ISLE.-XNOR ZXVEIG -qfluugf MARJORIE GO RDO N EVELYN ZIRINSKY ll ERR I , KN MARQIORIE GORDON, 630 XVest 173 Street, New York City: YV.S.C. Bu1l1'lir'1. ARTHUR HER- MAN, 150 Cedar Street, Mount Vernon, New Yorkg Liberal Sottietyg N.Y.U. XVestehester Clubg Executive Chairtnan, Fall Frolic Committee. DAVID CHECH- NER. 432 South 6 Street, Mount Vernon, New York. Undergraduates Junior Class THEY LED THE JUNIORS: militant Bob Hoffman and demure Millie Jaffe. This was Millie's first year as a class official. Bob was president of his class for three years. Together, they headed a well-knit organiza- tion and an enthusiastic group. Epic was the word for the class of Still a year away from graduation, it has made history at Wlashington Square College. YVhile other classes pursued their placid ways, the men of '38 soared ever onward and upward, and, because of this, the term "Junior" took on a new meaning. Much of this was the work of the quiet, unaffected student who headed this phenomenal group. His likeness has been glimpsed at various other times in the lengthy history of mankind. Roland, Sieg- fried, Paul Bunyan, Gargantua,-these are some of his previous guises. In his present in- carnation, he is known, simply, as Robert Hoffman. President of the class of '38 since its fresh- man year, Mr. Hoffman has unfailingly been the source of its greatness. Known as "Bob" to his classmates, he strove ever to remain on equal terms with his fellows. "After all, I'm only one of them, myself," is the way in which 11.1 Epic Was The Word he might dismiss this cameiadeiie, thus mod- estly denying a uniqueness which was etern- ally his. 'iLet's go, gang!" was the cheery phrase with which Bob urged his classmates forward, and this happy expression became legion through all the school. Hcard in the rooms and corridors of the Square, it became a rally- ing cry for juniors everywhere. There was even some talk of carving it on the walls of the University, instead of the somewhat cerebral Perslare el Pmeslare, though this has not yet been attempted. Although Hoffman dwarfed all contemp- oraries, it would be unfair to overlook those other Juniors who assisted in the making of the class of '38. Most important of the aides- de-camp, perhaps, was Arthur Lowenstein- whose ready intelligence and elhn cunning was well capitalized on by the President. Low- enstein was the political wizard of the class. At election time voters sprang up on every side as he made his way about the school, singing the praises of his chief and scattering promises of future blessings. A chairmanship here, a committee membership there,-with these eloquent words Lowenstein dramatized the qualities which helped distinguish his ticket. The combination of Hoffman and Lowenstein was hailed by friend and foe alike as the perfect wedding of genius. Lesser figures had their place in the Hoff- man zodiac. Mildred Jaffe made a shy, ap- pealing Hgure as vice-president of the classg An Impressive History Of A Remarkable Class Julie Gerver was relentlessly efficient as Prom Chairman for the past two years and Basil Estreich was equally efficient as social chairman. De- voted to their chief, this steering com- mittee shepherded the junior class through its trials and decisions. The story of the juniors was writ large in social history at the Square. President Hoffman affected a minor revolution in the conduct of class dan- ces when he evolved the idea of charg- ing for Green Room socials and thus building up a reserve fund for a suc- cessful Prom. By charging for these small dances, it was pointed out, the Junior Class could sponsor an impressive Prom without having to tax students excessively. So it came to pass, and a triumphant series of class dances was climaxed by the April Promenade, pre- sented to the class of for the modest fee of 85.50 a throw. Once again Hoffman had come through! Students of the subject were forced to re- dehne "entertainment" in terms of the mass of celebrities and local talent present at each of the Green Room orgies. "Vital and grip- ping" was the least of the raves given these diver!isscnzents, which unfailingly ran the gamut of emotions like a squirrel. Brightly introduced by the Master of Ceremonies Low- enstein, the procession was always varied. lVe recall a young man with a deep bass voice who sang ol' his love which "rose like a rose," an PORTRAIT OF A TIGHT-MOUTHED POLITICIAN: Artie Lowenstein, small, wiry Junior has been termed by many the "power behind the throne." His fingers have been dipped in almost every political pudding baked at the Square. In his three years at school, he collected about him a group of followers whom he ruled with an iron hand and a promise of future political plums. ingratiating miss who scampered up and down on the stage, crooning in baby talkg and an endless procession of student monologuists. There was the youth who imitated President Roosevelt,-paralleling the four turbulent years of the New Deal with bi-monthly take- olfs on the President. There was the Winsome hot-cha dancer who undulated about the room, enticing juniors in ring-side seats. There was a great deal more, which, unhappily, has vanished down the corridors of time. Thus did the Juniors complete their third year at Washington Square College. Their history was an impressive one, and, as we have said, largely because of the influence of one remarkable undergraduate,-Robert Hoffman. His gaunt, lean figure towered over his class, a guiding and inspiring symbol, similar in a general way to those employed by the early Greeks. 115 President Glasser and his Vice President Rose 'I' h e sophomore class inherited the earth. From an over- grown, awkward freshmen group, who asserted their position 1 in college society by draping members of tl1e class of '38 over park fences and by re- moving the trousers from the person of Hilly Rosenberg on a hectic spring afternoon, they matured into a class of suave sophomores who still desired to insert "college spirit" into Square activities, but confined their energy to Class Nights, socials and proms. And with the inheritance of everything earthly and practical came the prize that is acknowledged property of freshmen presi- dents who have organized wisely with a view to a political future-the post of leading a renovated sophomore class. Moving along its usually placid course, the elections of '36 placed Hal Glasser, tall, smiling yearling pres- ident, head of his class for the second time. Directed by students who had seen the light, the sophomores instead of futilely at- tempting to produce a class paper or to con- duct social topic forums, concentrated on their social events. lt was with audible sighs of regret that members of the class attended the hnal social of the year. One student, com- menting on the year's socials said, "I thought they were swell, just swell." Employing orchestras whose members were recruited from the ranks of student mu- sicians, with consistent entertainment supplied by Gertrude Kaye, Si Perlman, and Pat Mon- telione, the four class dances were usually crowded. In the early part of the year, the social committee, following a plan inaugur- ated by the junior Class, announced that LO ER CLASSES- The Sophs: Suavit twenty-five cents would be charged for tickets to class dances. "XVe are adopting this measure," they ex- plained, "to enable us to hold a sophomore prom. The fund will be used to partially pay for prom expenses." They were a liberal group, the sopho- mores. They encouraged Feb.-Seps. and regu- lar freshmen to participate in their activities, they regretted the absence of more freshmen- sophomore affairs, they were even liberal enough to devour huge quantities of sand- wiches served at the Green Room dances after philosophically asserting that the food was "pretty punk." Uncrowned champion in the sandwich-consumption contests, was the hero- ic figure of Hal Glasser who achieved, at one dance, the noble distinction of having simul- taneously devoured six sandwiches. Leading the sophomore social committee was Lee Fishman, supported by John Reiss, Bernie Levinson, Irving "Suzy-Q" Berger, class secretary, Mel Smolley, Shirley Silverman, Ed- die Kurland, Gertrude Kaye and Stanley "Mooney" Mondshine. During the year an attempt to reconcile the freshmen and sopho- more groups resulted in two joint socials. But all class activity was not conhned to the social sphere. A staunch sophomore team won intramural basketball matches while proud class leaders sat on the sidelines and cheered them on with a display of proper "college spirit." Representative sophs were engaged in football, fencing, Varsity Show, and Dramatic Society activity. A sobered group of students, the sopho- mores prepared to enter their .junior year and inherit the erudite boredom that was the heri- tage of the upper class. And with the smooth- ness of the junior, Harold Glasser, tall, still smiling sophomore class president, will prob- ably inherit the leadership of that class. ST DE T GOVERN 'l'wo years ago a new constitution was adopted by the Washington Square College Student Council. Veto power by the Administration was abolished and the Student Council. unlike those in many other colleges, was given complete control over all student extra-curricular activity. As student officers demonstrated that they were capable of managing their own affairs without tl1e friendly advice of a faculty vetoer, a feeling arose that the experiment was proving beneficial for both the student body and the Administration. The Student Council appeared ridiculous at tilnesg became hopelessly entangled in parliamentary procedureg hastily put through measures it later regretted. But, never, when recognizing a mistake, did it hesitate to reverse a decision. 120 .5 if Mf5.f,f.,,-- U sf "EET ..,, in 'i'ViQl ifiixl-5 Qzri Af fi? swf Lg. bww-gy ,W ,k.., nk 8 Q' I 1 Q T1 Ml. rf' , '42 4 QQ? 4 g 1 f KL! Q .QW 'Y 1 W 5 I 9 ti' 3, , O 5 r 3 Q -M Q., S , i:. A -ffwwa: 41- MH? 4. ax 'W W wa . s,, , Q M Student Administration The F rash: pirit YVith an intense rivalry developed among the political elements of the class, twelve stu- dents were nominated in December for the ofhces of president and vice-president, a num- ber unprecedented in any Hrst year election. Shattering another University tradition, two hundred and fifty freshmen registered for the elections, the men outnumbering the women almost two to one. As balloting day drew near, almost half of the nominees dropped out of the running, five being declared ineligible, another withdrawing after the class fortnn. The presidential and vice-presidential candidates announced their platforms at a two hour forum sponsored by the Elections Com- mittee, which was held in the Playhouse. As- serting that class socials were "swell" and a freshman prom was "the thing," Irwin Brooks, who was later elected president of the class with a total of 108 votes, attacked the usual promises of candidates and added that socials and proms could not be obtained by promises. He declared that "a united class is the only means of realizing an election platforml' and based his campaign on a proposed "Town Hallu which would unify the freshman group. Florence Fink was elected vice-president. The hrst Town Hall ever to be conducted by a Freshman class at XVashington Square College was held in the School of Ed audi- torium on March lfl. Inviting student leaders, freshman speakers and members of the fa- culty, the yearlings obtained a scoop when Glenn Cunningham, America's famous miler, who was working for his Ph.D. at the School of Ed, appeared as guest of honor. A fresh- man orchestra, which was organized during the first semester, provided the music on this occasion and played at the remainder of the class dances. Although yearling Green Room dances are necessarily limited by the college budget, Frosh Leaders Irwin Brooks and Flo Fmk and no provision is usually made for the in- clusion of a Freshman prom, the class or- ganized a prom committee which formal affair at the Park Central, a highly meritorious year. Speaking at the Freshman chapel held in the latter part of Chancellor Harry YV. Chase told group of yearlings that "youth in sold an in- completing orientation September, an excited the United States is free to choose the way it will regulate its growing years" and urged these new stu- dents to take full advantage of the opportuni- ties olfered for a liberal arts education. Other student and faculty leaders stand- ing on the rostrurn in the -Iudson Church em- phasized the desirability of coordinating a program of classroom and extra-curricular activity. And the work of the freslnnan class through the year presented ample evidence that the group had taken their advice. Sociologically, the difhculty of class orien- tation will always remain an important prob- lem to university and student leaders. Every new class that enters the college is potentially the next "great class," and its praises are usual- ly flung about the campus by its enthusiastic leaders. But, unfortunately for the college and the class, those energetic few usually re- main among the small minority, and the praises by the end of the freshman year have become non-committal responses in answer to questions about the classes' work. The "great class" seems to appear every third year and the yearlings have lived up to the predictions. President An outstanding stud:-nt when drafted for the 1936 Day Organ- ization Presidential race, Herbert Gottlieb in one your became one of the most powerful figures on the W.S.C. political scene. Alert, quick-witted, he directed Student Council with a firm intelligent handg saw it grow into a vigor- ous, liberal governing body. 121 tudent Council YVavy-haired Herb Gottlieb, swept into office by an overwhelming majority vote last April, stepped onto the presiding rostrum at the initial council meeting to find himself involved in a heated debate over parliament- ary procedure, a debate which somewhat characterized the future policy of student ad- ministration. Asserting that a quorum consisted of those members present at a meeting, and not of those voting, ed, leader of Sig- ma, nullihed ,propriation to Miss Mildred Parke. .l space expenditures that had already teen passed. He declared that "despite some members not voting a legal majority had been obtainedf' The appropriation, placed on the next meeting's agenda pending further investigation of the sum contracted to the Student Activities Of- fice, was later passed by the Council. Continuing a policy of strict investiga- tion and discussion on important questions, the Council ratified the scheduled budget and then sank into a "coma," slightly reminiscent of past Councils, disappointing confident ob- servers who had been wagering "that this year Jess Kimmel, upper left, Var- s i t y S h 0 w representative, pleaded in vain before the Council for a Hprofessional show"g authors and direc- tors to be paid with student funds. Professor Dow, upper right, faculty eomptroller as- serted tlxat 'fthe show should log be run with amateur talent or not at all.', The Dean's re- presentatives, Doris Isaacs and Charles Steinberg, lower left, were enthusiastic over the proposed 'famateur runv show. Milt Fried, lower right, sat alone at meetings and was the profound disciple of strict Parlianlentary procedure. things would be different." But the lethargic attitude did not continue for long, and confident observers carried a knowing smile on their faces as the meet- ing rooms became the scene of hotly contested battles concern- ing the now famous magazine question and the all-University formal. Granting a loan of S160 to the reincarnated S q u a r c - quarterly critical magazine-ance Critic, the Council voted ap- proval and recognition to two new magazines. The Lantern all-University literary magazine, and the Mnsqfzffrnrle, Square humor publication, the two forthcoming mags, were bitterly reviled by representatives of Va- rieties and in the editorial col- umns of the Bulletin, as being "excess baggage." The Bulletin asserted: "Frankly, in this case, we cannot bring ourselves to con- form to the Council's apparent adherence to the theory of the benehts of competition. Council meetings were open to students who had any desire to witness the governing body in action. Meetings were usually attended by "This year's Council, obviously cogniz- ant of the need of a literary magazine at XVash- ington Square College, voted official recogni- ti-on and financial backing for such a function with nary a dissenting culprit to voice his ugly threats. After thus gathering the nascent literary venture to its bosom, the treacherous parent yesterday tossed the trusted nurseling into an ash-barrel and transformed its matern- al affection to illegitimate pretendersf' The Council refused to change its de- cision and four publications Hooded the small consumers field at Xtfashington Square, ap- pearing spasnrodically during the year. Reversing a previous 9-7 defeat of the all- University Formal, the Council authorized the inclusion of the Square in the plans for the Thanksgiving dance at the YValdorf-As- toria. It approved the appointments of Ar- thur Herman and Arthur Goldberg for the positions of Chairman and Publicity Chair- man, respectively. Still in an investigating mood, the Stu- dent Council decided that Varsity Show talent should not be renumerated out of student funds, and banned all but enrolled N.Y.U. undergraduates from participation in the show. Introduced by Hilly Rosenberg. student comptroller. as a move to keep 'fbroken-down" three or four interested spectators who when asked what their reactions were to the drama of government refused to make any statements. Broadway talent from ruining the show, it was subsequently amended until it provided for a completely student-run amateur pro- duction. Dr. Dow, faculty comptroller, as- serted that "the shows should be run with amateur talent or not at all." But not all Council activity was vital and energetic, and not all council members were participants in discussion. Their coat of arms inscribed with the motto "Silence is Golden," one group watched proceedings and usually voted with the majority-their hands being the only proof of their existence. Another group took their cue from party leaders, and still another group was frequently absent from meetings. ln the minority were the militant students who steered Council policy, saving that institution from obscurity. Members of the Student Council were Herbert Gottlieb, Hilliard Josephs, Hilliard Rosenberg, Judith Shlefstein, Jerome Rock- man, Janice Cutler, Robert Hoffman, Mildred Jaffe, Harold Glasser, May Rose, Milton Fried, Renee Meyers, Doris Isaacs. Charles Steinberg. Albert YVaterston, Beatrice Lehman, John Ricksecker, Leonard Fischman, Hyman Ross- man, Jean XVeinstein, Frances Vogel, Aaron Baskin, Arthur Reiser, Irwin Brooks, Florence l-'ink and Martin Krisses. 0 1-fi League of Women The Hon. Jeanette Brill, city magistrate and a graduate of the School of Education, rose from her chair and addressed the young co- eds gathered at the Fifth Avenue Hotel for the semi-annual League of XVomen luncheon. She declared that now, more than ever, there was a definite place for the educated girl seeking a career. Trained psychologists and sociologists were needed in society, she said, and the college girl who prepared herself well with this in mind would, on graduation, find real opportunities offered her. To the members of the L. 0. XV., the organization of all regularly enrolled women students in XVash- ington Square College, Mrs. Brill's luncheon talk was a stimulating experience. Graduating seniors heard in it a note of optimism, the Jean Weinstein, top, was Vice-President of the League of Wom- eng Rhoda Arons, center, was Secre- taryg Beatrice Breit- hart, bottom, treasur- er. still slightly bewildered freshmen, in it, one of encouragement. Originally organized to pro- mote the activities of women, the L. O. W. has taken over such varied work as the orientation of fresh- tnen co-eds, flood relief, Soph-Frosh week and sponsorship of dances for men and women. lt was character- istic of the League of XVOIIICII that it attempted to reach every co-ed in her favorite activity and make her an integral part of college life at the Square. ln its initial activities of the year-teas for freslnnen women, in- troductions to their student advis- ers and representatives of extra-cur- ricula clubs4the L. 0. XV. concen- trated its efforts "on making the freshmen feel at home." "It's one of our main prob- lems," said Judith Shlefstein, i Spreads like this drew hordes of hungry men to League of W'omen open houses. 124 First Lady Wheil it came to selecting an L.0.W. president in the spring of '36, the feminine population of W.S.C. was in unanimous ac- i X cord. They elected Judith Shlefstein. Always charming, poised, tactful, her popularity was understandable. 125 12 League president. "Once we've begun orientation of the frosh and get them interested in some club or activity we have helped them in their first college decision. They be- come a part of the school and get so much more out of their years here." The coming out parties for the freslnnen debs-L. O. W. dances and Open Houses-were usually well attended, often crowded. Square men flocked to the affairs, famous for their sandwiches and coffee, a great attraction to the upperclasses. Always successful, sometimes dull, sometimes exciting, they accomplished their primary purpose-to in- troduce the freshmen co-ed to what for lack of a better word may be termed society. As the year continued, the L. O. XV. rose to emergency situations, offering their aid wherever possible. XYith the waters of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers broiling along their course, inundating hundreds of acres of land and making homeless thousands of families, the American Red Cross issued a call for flood relief. Assisting in the relief drive, L. O. XV. members canvassed the Square soliciting contributions from faculty and students. The campaign for funds resulted in a good-sized contribution to the A. R. C. from XVashington Square College. Soph-Frosh week, always an exciting event on the L. O. XV. calendar, took place late in March. The traditional rivalry between the two classes in the athletic and dramatic contests was accompanied by an unprecedented state of interest. Under the supervision of Rhoda Arons. secretary of the L. O. XV. and chairman of Soph-Frosh week, both classes entered into the spirit of the tournament, the only one 'of its type at the downtown colleges. In a big-sister capacity, the L. O. XV. continued ad- vising freshmen through the activities of the junior Advis- ory Committee. The group in personal interviews with the first year co-eds discussed the problems that confronted them during the initial semester of the college careers. To assist undergraduate and senior co-eds in selecting a vocation, prominent women in professional and business fields were invited to address the girls. The speakers, as Mrs. Brill had done, delivered interesting and informal talks on their vo- cations as well as on the position of women in present day society. League of XVomen 'officers for the l936-'37 were: Judith Schlefstein. presidentg Jean XVeinstein, Vice Presidentg Rho- da Arons. Secretaryg Beatrice Breitbart, Treasurer. 'VS These Were Really Very Nice People Hugo Castello Qleftj , Elaine Horwitz Qrightj, and Earl Martin Qahoyej, though student members of the XV.S.C. Discipline Committee, managed to remain both popular and respected during l936-37. The Discipline Committee, whose name is almost always used in vain by University guards trying to put out the eternal cigarette, has actually had one real function: deciding the cases ol Square students accused ol' cheat' ing on exams or handing in plagiariled re- ports. The records show that cheating on exams is an activity that often leads to serious troubleg that plagiarism is a bad, bad word. And, curiously enough, the most popular source material for literary plagiarists has been, not Shakespeare, or Milton, but the Book of Knowlerlge. The past year was a lean one for the Discipline Committee, which only heard two cases. Explanation for this was to be found in one of two reasons-students are either getting more honest or more adept. 127 Formerly the Freshman Advisory Committee, the arl- visers. consisting ol juniors and seniors Charles Steinberg selected because ol their knowledge and position irr school allairs, this year became known as the Upper-class Counsellors to Fresh- nren. Charles Steinberg, heavy-set, dark haired senior chairman, corrrrrrerrting on the change, asserted that 'Lthe student advisory group was continually being mistaken for the committee of faculty ruembers who guide freshmen in their scholastic work." Founded in lllfil to promote curricular and extra-curricular activity, to supervise and aid freshmen in the process ol' orientation. the advisorv group now confined its work to in- teresting yearlirrgs in Square clubs and organi- zations. 'Fhis type ol' specialization resulted in the largest freshmen response to club ac- 128 pperclass Counsellors tivitv ever recorded at lV.S.C. 'l'o orient incoming Feb-Sept students zr co-ed committee, orgarriled by the Upper- class Advisers, instructed them in program re quirements, introduced them to various mem- bers ol the faculty and pointed out places of interest and recreation at the Square. Formed under the direction of l'rol'essor loverr. the committee included: Hilliard Josephs, Paul Brurrs, Aaron Baskin, Marjorie llouglis, Syl- via Bernitz, Doris Isaac, Frieda Soloman, El- eanor Zweig, Charles Steinberg, Chairman. The Upperelass Counsellors lor Freshman Committee for the year 1956-37 were: Charles Steinberg, Chairman: Alerome Brooks, Aaron IJ. Baskin, Albert lVaterstorr, Leo Sher, Bern- ard Nachtigall, Luke Titone. Milton Fried, Arthur Reiser, Edward Brown, Patil Bruns, Stanley Schindler, David Kleiner, Hilliard jos- ephs, Robert Hoffman, klerome Rockman, qlules Gerver, Stanley August, Mayer Franklin. Informal interviews with the first year men, be- ginning in October and continuing through the year until most of the freshman class had mel their advisers, resulted in signal achievements for the upperelass group. More than two- thirds of the freshmen responded to the coun- sellors' offer to aid theln in finding their niche in school life. Junior Advisors Pereimially besetting the Junior Advisory Committee, co-ed counsellors for freshmen wotnen, were such problems as providing an outlet for young writers, satisfying sorority am- bitions, directing theatrical ycarnings-proh- lems which were encountered at every fresh- men interview. Under the direction of Dean Dorothy Mcfiparran Arnold and in coordinat- tion with the League of ltlomen, the work ,-I meeting those problems and orientating the newcomer to Square Life was carried on with sympathy, understanding and great success. Advising the co-ed in both curricular and extra-curricular activity, the select group -if Juniors were known as the "big-sisters." Often, genuine friendships developed between girls and their advisersg often, the interest of the counsellor shaped the school career and activ- ity of freshmen who needed that determining push. lVhen a problem confronted the Junior Advisers that required the attention of some- one more experienced than themselves, the The young ladies in the contemplative pose at the right were junior advisers. Big sisters to the freshmen, judging by their attitudes they were capable of offering sound and sober advice Whether their advice was liked depended of course on whether the frosh co-eds liked 'ssoundii and "sober" advice. They usually did. dilliculty was carried to Dean Arnold who acted as general sup- ervisor of their worla. Last year, the 'lunior Advisory Coma . . . Jean vmnsti-t.. mittee continued in the tradition of its predecessors. As in the past, the introduction of a freshman co-ed to het' advisers took place at a tea sponsored by the League of ltomen. In addition to the "big-sisters," the guests at this initial tea in- cluded representatives of clubs and sororities. The members of the Junior Advisory Cotntnittee for the year l93fi-37 were: 'lean Xyeinstein. chairman: Teresa Campbell, Alice Checkovitf, Evelyn Cohen, Bettina Cotlove, Doris Eskwitt, Shirley Gorodil, Ruth Creen- berg, Constance Hanf, Mildred llaffe. Ethel Kaplan, Shirley Moss, Dorothy Sehanbam, Norma Silverman, Lillian Tersaga, Rita 'l'u- nick, Beatrice lYeissman. 129 Honor Societies The Squareas Hall of F illlfffly Z 3 f? sl I 11 Wifi!!! WIS M .fu Q' ' H ga R S . f . f -9-Z Eigfg gig ' fy. 'J 4' 'n 5 . UPN 1KI!"J!,li f w Brilliant 132 Leader of Sigma, Associate Editor of ALBUM, Assistant Comptrol- ler of the Day Org, President of the Square Eco Society, Milton Fried made himself felt in al- most every phase of extra-curric- ular activityg did much to make honor societies synonomous with something more than dangling keys and oblivion. hi Beta Kappa In all four corners of the globe, a patient observer, if he waits long enough and looks hard enough, may see two people use a hand- shake peculiar in that the ring finger and little finger are folded back in the palm of the hand. If the observer is a Phi Beta Kappa man, he'll understand the signihcance of the salute immediately and probably walk right up and greet the two with the same hand- shake. Phi Beta Kappa, the World's first Greek letter fraternity, held in high esteem all over the academic world, is the secret ambition of all University students. Placing emphasis on scholarship, the society requires that a student must be either a junior or a senior having completed eighty points of college work with a minimum average of eighty percent. Of the total number eligible, not more than one-fifth may be elected from one class. But because those elected must stand in the first quarter of the total number qualified, the minimum average, in practice, is closer to ninety per cent. Phi Beta Kappa was founded by five stu- dents at the historic college of 1Villiam and Mary in the eventful month of December, 1776. The letters on the key, symbol of Phi Beta membership, were taken from an old Greek motto meaning "Philosophy of Lifef, The three stars on the key symbolize Fra- ternity, Morality, and Literature. The society spread rapidly to other col- leges despite certain troublesome periods that threatened its existence. At its start it was a secret society, replete with secret salutes, in- itiations, rites, motto and key. lt l-ost its secret character mainly as a result of agitation against esoteric organizations in the early 1800's. YVith the election of two women to the Phi Beta branch at Vermont University in 1875, the so- ciety became the desired goal of college wom- en as it had long been of college men. Originally, the society's salute, still seen in a modified form wherever two Phi Betays meet, was: "For the better distinction of the fratern- ity between themselves, in any foreign coun- try or place, it is resolved that a salutation of the clasp of the hands, together with an im- mediate stroke across the mouth, with the same hand, and a return salute with the hand used by the saluted, be hereby established and ordained." Plans for founding of a 1'Vashington Square College chapter of the famed society were considered for many years but it was not until April 8, 1928 that Phi Beta Kappa became a reality at the Square and the col- lege was able to send representatives out into the world capable of astounding an interested observer by the peculiarity of their salute. ALBUM went to press too early to in- clude the names of the twenty-nine or thirty Square students who will have made Phi Beta Kappa in 1937. But we cheerfully invite them to cut the clipping out of their favorite news- paper and insert it in the space below. 133 xw"'l I Q . u,.n W" 3 l I li like Tanya Donowitz Dorothy Crimmelman Judith Shlefstein Eclectic Undoubtedly one ol the real goals ol every Square co-ed ever since its founding in l922, Eclectic symbolizes character, service and scholarshipg honors each year a limited group of juniors. The society holds two teas annually, one in the lirst semester and another in the spring. 'fo the second tea twenty-five members of the junior class are invited, and the Iinal selec- tions are made from their ranks. Between the VH time ol the second tea and Tap Day in April, aspirants to Eclectic live in a state of tenscness. On Tap Day the hopefuls gather in the Green Roomg listen to a speechg watch Eclectic girls tap new members. Renee Myers was leader of Eclectic dur- ing 1936-37. Other members were Judith Shlef- stein, Dorothy Grimmelman, Elsie Zuckerman, lilaine Horwitz, 'fanva ll0ll0XX'lll. and Mar- garet Sthlicting. C Go ww A x x25 99 svvog efx ll Hb, If 031. I I A or Earl Martin Hugo Castello Leonard Fischman Sigma In solemn, tense exciting ceremonies usually held in the Green Room, Sigma, men's honorary society, has for the past twelve years selected for tribute those juniors and seniors who have been outstanding personalities and leaders at XVashington Square College. Traditionally an organization whose sole function each year was to drop into obli- vion, group representative of the colleges leading Iigures, Sigma in '35-'36, with a sensa- tional criticism ol' the college administration. broke from its policy of seclusion, and again in '36-'37, with a comprehensive report on acti- vity at XV.S.C., crashed Bulletin headlines. The report included a survey of labor condi- tions of service employees, a strong espousal of the student co-'op and anti-war movements and a criticism of the graduation fee. Leader ol' Sigma was Milton Fried. Other members were Herbert Gottlieb, Earl Martin, Leonard lfisclnnan, Hillv Rosenberg. and v . ilugo Castello. 135 The 1937 Sigma Report Completing an investigation begun in the middle of the first semester, Sigma, men's honor- ary society, issued a report in April covering activity at Hlashington Square College. The report included a detailed analysis of labor conditions at XV.S.C., the student anti-war movement, the graduation fee, and attacked the University ban on the solicitation of funds for needy groups. Asserting that the student body had an ethical and economic right to question the labor relations existing between the XV.S.C. administration and its service employees, Sigma scored the college open-shop policy. It commended the work of the XfV.S.C. and United Student Com- mittees in their efforts against war. The report, the first comprehensive effort ever made by any Sigma group to thoroughly survey existing conditions at the college, follows in part: LABOR CONDITIONS During the past year, labor relations be- tween the administration of YVashington Square College and its service employees have been disturbed by a painters' strike and an abortive complaint about conditions by em- ployees of the University Commons. Be- cause it believes that the student body has both an economic and an ethical right to question the labor policy of the college, Sigma makes the following statements on the basis of investigations into the labor situation at the Square: It finds that the overwhelming body of student opinion is sympathetic to the demands of -organized labor and strongly opposes the open-shop stand of the college. It finds that those painters, elevator ope- rators, and Commons employees who seek recognition as members of a regularly affiliat- ed union have a legitimate demand. It recommends that the administration reconsider its present stand and meet with representatives of unions seeking membership at this college and attempt to work out a formula for unionization of X'V.S.C. employees. 135 ANTI-YVAR POLICY The alarming current of international af- fairs has brought the problem of anti-war activity into increasing prominence. In this country, youth organizations everywhere are seeking to unite students behind peace cam- paigns Which will keep our generation unified against participation in another World war. In recognition of the overwhelming impor- tance of the peace issue, Sigma this year sent an official representative to the VV.S.C. Anti- War Committee for the first time. Sigma commends the work of the Anti- War Committee and the United Student Peace Committee, and urges the student body to rally behind these groups in their efforts to build a powerful anti-war sentiment at X'Vashington Square College. Through its work on the Anti-War Committee and its of- ficial participation in the nationwide anti- war demonstration on April 22 Sigma pledges itself to do everything in its power to aid those forces which seek to banish war and the threat of war from the world. Tau Kappa lpha To Professor Charles A. Dwyer, YVashington Square College owes the organi- zation of its chapter of Tau Kappa Alpha, national honorary debating-public speaking society. Professor Dwyer formed the Square chapter in 1928, with debate activity-participation in at least two varsity debates lor at least two years-as the chief membership requirement, but with debate coaches and man- agers also eligible. The organization of college chapters, while significant in this instance lor Hlashington Square College, is not a new note. Public speaking and debate activity in American colleges is probably as old as the institutions themselves, the ancient Greeks, in fact, based their concept of education on the debate and public speaking arts. But, although each of the outstanding American colleges has long sponsored its own honorary society for excellence in oratory, it was not until 1903 that a national society, Tau Kappa Alpha, was formed. In 1937, there were seventy-nine chapters in colleges and universities throughout the United States. The Square chapter, in 1936-37, belonged among the most active of these seventy-nine. Prominent faculty members contributed to Tl1eSpcaker, a quarterly magazine which was the society's national organ. Luncheons, discussion-meetings. and numerous debates, between university and interscholastic teams, were held throughout the year. New members were inducted in May at a banquet given in their honor, a somewhat humorous feature of the entertainment being the initiation speeches obligatory for new members. Debate Coach XVil1iam Ormond Drake of the Heights public speaking department was among the new members for 1936-37. Oflicers were: Leonard Mandel, president, Rheta Benjamin, secretary. Other undergraduate members were X'Vi1l'red Rogow, Renee Meyers, Ian Thom, Daisy Ruderman, Robert Rosthal, and Bernard Halfond. 1 Pi u Epsilon Election to Pi Mu Epsilon was based on proficiency in math as well as high general scholarship. Pi Mu Epsilon, national honorary society for students of mathematics, rewarded excep- tional mathematics students at the Square dur- ing l936-37 with election to Epsilon chapter, organized at lVashington Square College by Director-General F. W. Owens, in 1933. Election to the society was based upon special proficiency in mathematics, as well as high general scholarship. Eligible for election were those juniors and seniors who had com- pleted at least a minor in mathematics, includ- ing integral calculus. During 1936-37, Epsilon chapter members attended the lecture of Professor Marshall Stone of Harvard University, who spoke in the Mathematics Colloquium series in the gradu- ate school. Prominent speakers who addressed the meeting included Dr. J.C.C. McKinsey, il research fellow, who discussed Lukasiewicz - Tarski Logic, Dr. Leo Zippcn of the YV.S.Cl. Qxiatiiemaiics ciepartrnent, who presented El paper on Il topic of higher mathematicsg and 138 Dr. Bernard Friedman, who out- lined the Convergence of Infin- ite Series." Pi Mu Epsilon carried on activity outside of XVashington Square College. Many contests were conducted for high school students, the most noteworthy being the fourth annual Inter- scholastic Math Contest in late April. High School students from New York City and the metropolitan area competed by taking a three-hour comprehen- sive written examination in ele- mentary algebra, intermediate algebra, and plane geometry, with gold, silver and bronze medals awarded to the most proficient individuals. Champ- ionship teams, including the highest scoring teams from New York City, New Jersey, Nas- sau, and Suffolk Counties in New York State, and the territory north of New York City including Connecticut, were awarded loving cups, the ranking member of each team re- ceiving a certificate of merit. At YVashington Square College, freshmen competed in an essay contest, writing on solely mathematical topics, and upperclassmen took a comprehensive examination and oral quiz before a committee of judges. This was the first time that this contest was held, and cash prizes were awarded to the winners. Sidney G. Roth was director of Pi Mu Epsilon, Herbert Moss, secretary, Sigmund Morok, treasurer, and Myrtle Rosen, librarian. Warren C. Buckland, Leonard Cohen, Selma lilein. Hyman Lippman, Mary Roochnik, an-il .Xrnold Strasshurg were members, Eta Sigma Phi Alpha Zeta, XVashington Square College's chapter of Eta Sigma Phi, national honorary society of the classics, began its activities with a theatre party at a performance of Robert Turney's 1,llllgfIf!'l'S of Alrerzs. Turney pre- sented a synthesis of the Greek tragic cycle, portraying the essential qualities of Greek manners and morals. During the Christmas season, Eta Sigma Phi members engaged in a realistically Roman Saturnalia, based upon the Roman belief that this was the day for masters to be replaced by their slaves. Alpha Zeta chapter celebrated with a two-act satire, the Hrst act showing a Hrst year Latin class bungling its way through a dictionary with a professor doing his best to impede their progress. The second act con- sisted of an imaginary Classics faculty's descent into Hades, and subsequent begging of admis- sion into the Elysian Fields. During the second term three lectures from the Square faculty were heard. At one meeting, Professor Eli E. Burriss discussed "Roman Religion and Superstitionf' at an- other, Professor Spencer spoke on "Greek Life," as represented and misrepresented in current drama, and at a third, Dr. Alexander Kerns discussed the teclmicalities of the Latin language and its later developments. The third annual Henry Martyn Baird Memorial Contest in Latin sight-reading was held in April. Representatives from high schools in New York City and the metropoli- tan districts competed. To the winning team went the trophy, a silver loving cup, individu- al winners were awarded gold, silver, and bronze medals. Outstanding Classics undergraduates went through three social ceremonies during and after being accepted for membership. A pledge tea was held in February, the initiation and induction ceremonies in March, and the farewell social in May. During l936-37 Irving Krongelb was Eta Sigma Phi president, and Frederick Dorst, vice- president. Alice Checkovitz and Lawrence Lally were secretaries, and Mayer Franklin, treasurer. Senior members were Florence Cro- mien, Rebecca Kammelman, Dorothy Schaef- fer, and Vera Miller. Mr. Lionel Cohen was faculty adviser. 1 LW Beta Lambda Sigma Meetings dealt primarily with subjects of biological interest. 140 Early in 1920, a group of Heights biology majors met with an interested and cooperative faculty and organized Beta Lambda Sigma, thirteen years later, in 1933, a chapter of the honor- ary biology society was organized at YVashington Square College. From its formation, Beta Lambda Sigma members were attracted because of purely scientihc interest. The so- ciety held no socials, and meetings dealt primarily with subjects of pro- fessionally biological interest. Mem- bership at the Square, in fact, was highly selective, only those undergrad- uates being eligible for consideration who had completed at least three terms of biology, had attained a high degree of scholastic proficiency, and evinced an active interest in biological learning. As aids to the program of sponsor- ing purely scientific activity, several noted lecturers addressed the society. At one meeting, Dr. Robert Chambers, Research Professor of Biology at XVashington Square College, discussed "Defense Mechanisms of Leucocytesf' Dr. Chambers used, as illustration, movie films which revealed the pro- tective functioning of white corpuscles in the blood stream. Beta Lambda Sigma oflicers for 1936-37 were: Arthur Dolnansky, vice- chancellor, and Dr. Arthur M. Cros- man, secretary-treasurer. Dr. Harry M. Charipper was faculty adviser. Active members included Herbert Eisler, Milton Eller, Rose Hartman, Florence Kaplan, David Kleiner, Hy- man Lippman, Y'Vil1iam Lutz, Morris Miller, Bernard Nachtigal, Benjamin Payson, Melvin Plancey, joseph Press, Herbert Puller, George Rosen, Benja- min Rothberg, Leonora Schustek, Ro- bert Sorkin, Seymour Turner, Solo- mon X'Veilkaz, and George Zlobin. Psi Chi Ten students, Square undergrad- uates in 1925, were the founders -rf Psi Chi, for the ten students organized the YV.S.C. Psychology Organization: the Psychology Organization gained members yearly, and in l935, received charter and chapter membership in the national honorary psychology so- ciety. Psi Chi at Square was strictly hon- orary, membership limited to students whose names appeared in the upper third of the Psychology major-minor scholastic honor rollg the society's aint was the stimulation of active interest and research in psycliology. Activities at Psi Chi meetings in- cluded a lecture on the "Psychologi- cal Aspects of Neuro-Surgery"g a film on the reactions of a human infant and a chimpanzee in similar environ- ments, interpreted and commented on by Professor Schneirlag attendance at a clinical demonstration of UBCll21Yi0l' Patterns of Infants of lliflerent Age l,evels": and trips: to Ledgewortit Village, guided by Dr. Humphrey, who discussed, "Possibilities of lrain- ing lJefec'tives"g to the laboratories of the New York Bell 'llelephone Com- pany for explanation of research in sensory modalities, and to the Chil- dren's Village at Dobb's Ferry. New members were inducted and oflicers retired at the last meeting. Benjamin 'l'heeman was president during 1936-E573 Lillian Levine, secre- tary. Senior members were Doris Kaplan, Lillian Maisel, Beatrice Mat- ter, Gertrude Robinson, Solomon Strauss. Marvin Sentnor, and Hlalter Newman. Professor XVillian1 D. Glenn was the faculty adviser. To broaden opportunity for furthering the aim of this or- ganization, Psi Chi aided last year in the formation of the Psychology Club. This afford- ed outlet for all interested un- dergraduates, without the Psi Chi requirement of an excep- tionally high scholastic aver- age, and lectures, group dis- cussions and trips to places of psychological interest were conducted. 141 Aeselepiad To provide for the closer afliliation of pre-medical women studentsg to promote higher standards of scholarshipg to bring women medical students into more direct contact with the professional medical world: these were the aims of Aesclepiad as stated under its constitution. Election to this Square honor society was an award well-esteemed by women pre-medical students. Formed by a group of interested undergraduates in 1926, Aesclepiad membership was limited to students who had completed at least thirt '-two Joints of credit, had com leted those Joints with hi fli standing and l I P l B s, were judged by the faculty to possess outstanding qualifications for the study of medicine. To begin fullillment of its social, intellectual, and professional program, the The pre-med women students honor so- ciely"s socials were attended by members who brought their guests, but even here the symposium was not neglected. "Lee- uwenhoek and llis Microscope" was the subject of an enlightening discussion led by Dr. John B. Stein, who described the scientist's early adventures, his history and the importance of his investigations. 1.12 society began the '36-'37 season with a tea, in- vitations being issued to all pre-medical women. Here, Dr. Malvina Schweizer of the Square Bio-- logy department, discussed "The Function of the Pituitary and Related Glands." Besides reveal- ing knowledge of interest and importance to the students, Dr. Schweizer also commented briefly on the recent advances in research concerning the entire endocrine system. As always, Aesclepiad associated its social with its intellectual aims: speakers of reputation were invited to contribute to most meetings. But this year there was, as well, innovation, when, for the first time since its organization, women of ,-Xesclepiad combined their elforts with Claducean, menys pre-medical honor society, in a joint social. The most significant event of the second term, at least for prospective members, was the Aesclepiad annual induction ceremony. Besides the usual quota of student novitiates, Professor Munson, wife of Professor McTavish. and for- merly of the Square Chemistry department, was installed as an honorary Aesclepiad member. During l93li'37, Janice Cutler was president of Aesclepiad: Leonora Schustek, vice president, Rose Hartman, secretaryg and Ruth Stein, treas- urer. Eva Sharpe and Ann Broadhurst were the other members, and Dr. Ruth B. Howland the faculty adviser. Fine character and personality were Cad- ucean requirements, as well as scholarship. Members, however, had to be pre-medical male undergraduates who had completed at least forty-eight points, and who possessed a gener- al scholarship average of at least eighty-fire per cent. One of the oldest and largest of Square honorary societies, Caducean's activities were not alone scientific. Numerous socials were held throughout the year, offering welcome op- portunity for personal acquaintance among members. Meetings, however, were devoted to work of purely medical interest. This year's first lecturer was Dr. Louis Sternberg of Beth Is- rael Hospital, who discussed "Allergic Dis- easesf' At other meetings, Dr. Robert T. Con- nor, prominent lecturer on medical topics, outlined the role of "Vitamins in Relation to Nutrition," Dr. A.O. Gettler, city toxicologist, Caducean members did not only listen to lecturers and attend socials but al- so engaged in many practical activities adueean revealed "Toxicological Methods," and Dr. John Mfykolf was a speaker from the New York College of Medicine. YVith the annual banquet in May, new members were initiated, and alumni returned to relate medical school experiences. During l936-37, Seymour Turner, was Caducean president, Herman Kleinman vice- president-treasurer, and Joseph Press, also treasurer. The Faculty Senate, including Pro- fessors Ritter and MacTavish, assisted in guid- ing society aflairs. Senior members were Ab- raham Corn, Arthur Dolnansky, Herbert Eis- ler, Herbert Fishbein, Morris Greenberg, Isa- dore Grossman, Paul Kaminsky, David Klein- er, Robert Lauterbach, Hyman Lippman, John Palmer, Benjamin Payson, Herbert Pul- ler, Hyman Rossman, Nathan Radunsky, George Rosen, Robert Sorkine, Solomon YVeil- kaz, and Fred YVeiss. as well. The group visited the New York Hospital and was allowed to wit- ness surgical technique as employed in several operations. Members feel that a film on 66011- stetricsw and a trip to Ward's Island for an illustrated lecture on "Abnormal Psychology" by Dr. Charles Stein were among the outstanding features of the year. 143 quare Economics Society Formed originally a discussion group for all students intereste in the study of eco- nomics, the Square Economics Society soon be- came very, very honorary. Eligible for mem- bership were those undergraduates who had completed at least a minor in economics with a ninety per cent average, and who, at the same time maintained a high level of general scholarship. Many outstanding speakers addressed the society during 1936-37. David Moscovitz, law- yer and member of the National Labor Rela- tions Board, discussed "The Functions of the National Labor Relations Boardl' at an early meeting. Mr. Moscovitfs presentation of the government's relations with labor was vivid and timely, but it was not accepted mutely: a spirited discussion followed, and both students and economics faculty members clashed with diverse opinions. The talk of Professor Frieda XVunderlich of the New School for Social Research on "Soc- ial Insurancei' was followed at a subsequent meeting by Sidney Ratner's discussion of "Bankers in Supreme Court History." Mr. Ratner, who is a well-known author, and lec- turer at Columbia University, reviewed the history of the Court, with emphasis on what 144 he felt has been the continuously conservative banker-influence. One of the most popular subjects for dis- cussion at society meetings was the persistent conflict between XVilliam Green's American Federation of Labor and John L. Lewis's Com- mittee for Industrial Organization. At one group gathering, Professor Theresa XVolfson of Brooklyn College led this discussion, say- ing that the crux of the battle has always been Creen's belief in the craft unio11 as the most desirable type of worker's organization, as against Lewis's faith in the effectiveness of a combined mass of industrial and craft workers. Most of the work of the Square Econom- ics Society was carried on through the appear- ance of the guest lecturers, and group discus- sions. The one large social event, however, was the banquet at the close of the second term, when new members were inducted and the work of the year was officially ended. Dining 1936-37, Milton Fried was presi- dent, and Lucille August secretary. Senior members were Arthur Adler, Julius Altman, Donald Beringer, Tanya Donowitz, Herbert Gottlieb, Leonard Fischman, Saul Miller, Bernard Miller, Dorothy Schaeffer, Leo Sher, and Rene Myers. Doing its best to safeguard liberalism at the college, the Square Economic Soci- ety each term presents prominent personalities dis- cussing current topics. Strike-mining, waterfront, automobiles - everything economic, comes before the attention of the honorary society. Justinian Eligibility for membership was open to pre-law sophs with high scholastic averages. Because lew pre-law students have knowl- edge ol the technicalities of jurisprudence, xlustinian, honorary pre-law society, was or- ganized at the Heights in 1904 to recognile merit among undergraduate pre-law students. and to help those students by presenting law in both theory and practice. It was not until 1033, however, that a Just- inian chapter was formed at lVashington Square-Jay Albert Bobrowsky, then a pre-law student. Eligible lor membership were those pre-law sophomores who had an avei age ol at least B. .-Xt the end ol' the year, such students were interviewed by the executive committee, final acceptance depending on this interview as well as upon scholastic standing. Many noted lawyers were presented to the society's members during l936-37. Dr. Alex- ander O. Gettler, toxicologist lor the city ol' New York, also addressed the group on "Medi- cal -lurisprudencef' Law in practice was well-illustrated for -lustinian members by visits to police line-ups, police courts, the famous Bronx Family Court, and the Institute of Domestic Relations. One group made a trip to XVashington between terms as personal guests of Edgar Hoover, chief ol the Federal Bureau ol' Investigation. They heard Mr. Hoover explain the functions ol' his department, and submitted to linger- print tests for the department's records. lVhile in XVashington, the group visited also, the Supreme Court, and noted with in- terest the pleading ol' Alohn XV. Davis in a 250,000,000 tax suit. As a usual procedure, .lustinian ended the year's activities with an induction dinner in honor ol' new members. Mr. Skinner of the Square Government department was this year's honorary member. Ollicers were Hugo M. Castello, president: Morris Xlidensky, vice-president, Mary Dolan, secretary, -lerry Rockman, treasurer. Active members were Sidney Krieger, Oscar Blau- stein, Sheldon Blum, Bernard Eidler, Con- stance Hanl, Eleanor Kushel, Samuel Meyer, Robert Oksner, Ethel Rosenberg, Dorothy Rubin, Arthur Scheiner, Richard Secular, Stanley Schindler, Margaret Schlichting, Har- old Schillinger, and Hyman Silver. 145 Members are chosen for special ability and interest in sociology. 1 lpha Kappa Delta Alpha Kappa Delta was a "noir secret, democratic, national honorary society whose ideal was to investigate mankind for the purpose of service." Members were chosen from those undergraduates who had manifested superiority in general scholarship and had demonstrated, to the approval of the Square faculty of the Department of Sociology and Anthropology, spec- ial ability and interest in sociology. At each meeting of Gamma chap- ter, the members were addressed by a prominent sociologist or a faculty member. Professor E. Adamson Hoe- bel presented material on the Chev- enne and other Plains Indian tribes, and Professor Ray E. Baber on Chinese Customs and Practices. Two induction teas for new members were held, one in January, the other in April. The January meeting was combined with a business meeting for the election of new ofh- cers. These were Josephine Crocker, president, Annabelle Nitzberg, vice president, and Martha Mandel, secre- tary. Manet Fowler was chosen as representative for the Nzfztns' Leiter, national olhcial organ. At the January induction, eight new members were received after cere- monies, and a talk by Professor C. G. Dittmer. These were Grace Herman, Martha Mandel, Helen Margon, Ger- trude Robinson, Jeannette Camus, Manet Fowler, Sue Flanagan, Harriet Damon. Professor E. Adamson Hoe- bel was faculty adviser. Fauehardian Only upperclass pre-dental stu- dents who exhibited dehnite qualities of sclrolarsliip and personality were chosen as members ol lfauchardian, organized in llifill by Jesse Lansner. lizuli eligible student was interviewed by the society's executive council and faculty senate, and those undergradu- ates selected who seemed most likely' to prolit by Fauchardian's social and scientific benefits. These benelits were many. Fau- chardian maintained a library of books on dental subjects, besides com- plete, up-to-date lists of dental school catalogues. Advisers, on the faculty and within the society, gave members and other pre-dental students advice as to choice of a dental school, and inl'ormation as to requirements for admission. During the second term, Fauchar- dian members visited the New York University Dental College. The numerous socials held dur- ing the year were climaxed by the in- duction Dinner, at which Dean New- man, ol' the Dental School, was de- clared honorary member for l937. Bert Ross was Fauchardian presi- dent, Edward Gootzeit, vice president.: Edward Friedman, secretary, and lrv- ing Diamond, treasurer. Members were H. Alexander, A. Androlli, Berl, Xvilliam Berman, H. Blank, M. Brown, Dimuro, A. Feldman, A. Gabriel, Ginsberg, A. Gold, H. Greenberg, A. Guttelman, S. Halpern, E. Holzapfel, I.. Horowitz, N. Levine, T. Levine, M. Lipschitz, N. Lipschitz, E. Lisman, H. Massarsky, A. Mooney, A. Nadel, A. Olman, M. Pobiner, N. Rosner, Rosenberg, XV. Richter, B. Riley, L. Rudich, S. Saltiel, N. Schwartz, M. Siegel, H. Stangel, P. Teitelbaum. Fauchardian sponsored lectures at which prominent individuals spoke. 1 Among the men who addressed the honorary society were Professor Hoopgarner, of the New York University Dental College, who lectured on "Psychology in Relation to Dent- istryf' Dr. Alexander discussed "Socialized Medicine and Dentistry in Soviet Russiaf' l Delta Phi lpha Tau chapter of Delta Phi Alpha, national honorary society for students and teachers of the German language and German literature, has only been in existence at the Square since 19323 yet it has been one ot the most active of the Square honorary societies. Members of Delta Phi Alpha were pledged to promote scholarship in the German language and the understanding of German literature. lt was also the society's aim to honor students 'ol' Ger- man who had shown marked proficiency in study, and to bring together these un- dergraduates for a more general appreci- ation and enjoyment of the classic works. Membership in Delta Phi Alpha was an honor, but it was also a responsibility. Tau chapter members had to plan Deut- scher Verein meetings and socials as well as their owng oflicers of Delta Phi Alpha were officers likewise of Deutscher Yer- ein. Numerous meetings were held, at which faculty members and other men and women prominent in their fields ad- dressed the group. To aid in the spread of German cul- ture, movies ol' historic German spots were shown at several gatherings, and all socials were tinged with German flavor, the old Germany of costumes and songs, feasting and merryntaking. The society aided in preparations for the German Thanksgiving Party, lor the Christmas Party, which was one of the most colorful in the group's history, with a German Santa Claus and cos- tumed dancersg and the party at Easter. Novel German games and party stunts were featured at these gatherings, as well 148 as at the annual Jahrmarkt or German Fair, which also had a German band for entertainment. As in previous years, Delta Phi Al- pha members participated in the annual German play, and the year's activities were ended with the induction tea for new members in April. Paul Bruns was president of Tau chapter. Senior members were Irving Krongelb, Vera Miller, Mildred Raphael, Herbert Eisler, lValter Fahrer, Arthur Feigenbaum, Harry H. Friedman, lVal- lace Gobetz, Nathan Goldstein, Mervin YV. Greenberg, Erich Hardt, Rose S. Hartmann, Eugene Holzapfel, Ethel Kap- lan, Evelyn Konoff, Helen Mason, Alice A. McCann, Louis R. Orenstein, John F. Petras, John Peerson, jr., Hannah C. Preel, Margaret Seckel, Natalie Shainess, Harold Rosen, Harold Von Hole, Bea- trice XX'eissman, Raymond XVolf, Fanny Zimmer, Selma Traner. Most members of Delta Phi Alpha were also associated with Deutscher Verein, the German Club, which possesses one of the largest membership rolls at Wvashmgton Square College. Historical Society sf-HQ, mi! To bring together history stu- dents, and to encourage an interest in problems of current and ancient history, Professor Jonathan French Scott organized the Historical Society in 1931. The XVashington Square College History faculty selected Society mem- bers from outstanding junior and sen- ior history majors. During 1936-37, the society held monthly meetings, at which members discussed the historical backgrounds and immediate importance of the 19311 presidential campaign, Franklin D. Roosevelt's policies as president, the Spanish Civil XVar and its inter- national aspectsg the functions and future of the League of Nations. An especially distinguished guest among tl1e many prominent speakers who addressed the group during the vear, was Sir Arnold Forster, interna- tionally famous disarmament expert, 'vu past history. who discussed "The Present Arms Race-Can It Be Stopped in lime?" As at previous meetings, Sir Arnold's talk was followed by a round-table discussion with Historical Society members. Student members, as well as Pro- fessors Bruun and Cochran as honor- ary members, were installed in May, 1936, at the Annual Dinner. Irving lierelson presided at So- ciety meetingsg Muriel Ginsburg was SCt'1'Ct?tl'y. Members for 1936-37 in- cluded -Iames Fagan, Esther Katz, Her- man Kleinman, Ruth Ortenberg, Frances Reichman, Blanche Rubin- sky, Leo Sher, Milton Amgott, An- thony Battaglia, Frederick Dorsk, Syl- via Freeman, Thelma Krmnan, Elea- nor Kushel, Rita Moreau, Jerome Rockman, Nathan Rothenberg, Louis Schreibmann, Muriel Zinovoy, XVill- iam Miller. Members enjoyed discussions of current and 1 Campus 2 E M 'iii 1, MQ? 2 E ff 2 " f 2 3? .. , ,V N , In lf!! On a cold evening in late October, two students, grey caps shadowing their features, faced a blustery northwest wind which swept VVashington Square and walked along Uni- versity Place, stopping occasionally to place a white object on the pickets of a fence which encircled the park. They halted momentarily at the corner of University and Fourth Street, deposited their last white object and turned around to sur- vey their handiwork. "Nice job, Tom, isn't it," the smaller one murmured. "Nice job," Tom quietly assented. "If the Dean linds out, we'll be expelled," the smaller one said. Tom wasn't listening. l-ascinated, he stared at the gleaming wlnte objects which gazed steadily at the empty solitude of Uni- versity Place. "Ken," he said, "lien, I hope a drunk comes along tonight. He'll never forget it." 152 B Grace Of The In the morning when the residents of XVashington Square opened their doors for their papers they were shocked out of their usually placid attitude to hnd themselves con- fronted by a row of grinning white skulls pert- ly perched on the pickets of the Square fence. Investigation revealed that the base of each cranium was stamped "Property of New York University." SF Ill! if That was some sixty years ago, when the classic four story Gothic structure off XVaverly Place was the center of New York University student life, when the environs of the park were the meeting place of classmates and the horror of freshmen. There is water in the park today. But to the freshmen and sophomores of YV.S.C. the fountain is only a wading pool for the Village urchins. The traditional freslnnen duckings have disappeared, the pitched battles, except for occasional snowball fights, have been stop- ped by the authorities, and in its stead one finds social meetings sponsored by Square or- ganizations, children disregarding "Keep Off" warnings, playing football and baseball on the Park Green, nurses wheeling their white car- riages, resting Villagers, students lazing in the warm spring sun. In winter, snowflakes transform the earth- liness of the Park into a lonely pastel of white loveliness. A solitary hardy student ventures to walk along its paths. The children, the meetings, the Villagers, the nurses, the students are all gone. Only Garibaldi remains. 'XC fl? ilk They call him Mike, and he is as much a part of the College campus as is the majes- tic Xkfashington Arch which frames the Fifth Avenue entrance to the Park. "Shine mister, shine mister?" Park Commission Mike lives in Brooklyn and has a small family. "Five bambino, that's all." His job he regards as one of the Hner arts, not to be taken lightly. Somewhat reticently he explains his position on the subject. "If I shine shoe good, I makka one more customer. All time I hear you boys talk art, while I shine shoes. To shine shoe good is art. Good shine, more customer." His brown box has been a Fixture on the campus for almost eight years and he intends to keep it here for as many more. Lightning with a shoe-shine cloth, Mike fears no com- petition. "I gotta steady customers," he says. The shoe-shine men-there are approxi- mately twenty vieing for student trade-re spect Mike, for he is the oldest. During the course of a slow afternoon, they often gather in groups and discuss Mussolini, Italy, their "bambinos," food and business. A heavy, broad-shouldered man of about fifty-fiveghe won't give his age--Mike likes his work. "You meet lotta nice people," he says. He believes himself a character expert and will devote much time-if you will listen -to describing the student types. "You know," Mike says, "I can always tell what boys give me a tip. His shoes always clean. Him I give special shinef, Sometimes he abruptly stops talking: "Exco'ose please," he says. "I see a steady customer." "Shine mister, shine mister." Sk SF 5? Summer turns to fall, winter, and then spring again. Even Varieties recognizes the signs and its cover epitomizes spring love in the Park. Boy and girl sit side by side on a bench, forlornly appraising the cement walk. The pigeons return to the park greens to be chased by the Village kids beginning their practise for the baseball season. In front of the Main Building, the clans begin to gather. Groups of discussionists, anx- ious politicians with an eye on the forthcom- ing s-Jring elections, seniors apathetically sur- veying the street scene, sit lazily on the Park railing. A city forester, dressed in resplendent green, walks the length of the rail every fifteen minutes politely murmuring, "Off the rail, please, off the rail, please." The Leftist and non-partisan organiza- tions are imbued with fresh blood as the prob- ability of an audience increases progressively with the return of warm weather. And back to the campus Looey and his soap box. "I am the liberalest liberal," he states. He talks on any subject in the world. ln 153 an lrour's discussion, he sometimes covers Marxism, Nazism, Esquire, New Yorker and Ballylzoo. He is not a student and claims in- dependence of 'fbinding organization ties." "I ain't prejudicedf' he says, 'Tm the lib- eralest liberal. I talk at N.Y.U., Columbia, Hunter, Union Square, Columbus Circle and even City College. I cover the Universities." At the conclusion of his lecture, he may pass an old brown hat among his audience and ask for contributions, or attempt to sell some newly-published magazine telling of the hor- rors of a concentration camp. L-ooey always comes back with the spring. The Fifth Avenue bus trundles through the ltlashington Arch, past the fountain to the corner of Fourth Street, its last stop. Across the street from Judson a lfV.P.A. open-air vau- deville show has its headquarters during the months of July and August. Summer students, strolling in the Park after late classes are en- tertained by the Federal Theatre Group. In the early spring, sophomore and juniors util- ize the space near the fountain to conduct punch ball games. In the evening the Park's 154 twinkling lights offset the sombre appearance of the Main. "Gotta cigarette, buddy?" A transient looks eagerly at the offered pack. In the yellow glare of a match, l1is un- shaven face is disturbing, frightening. "Thanks," he says, "Thanks a lot." He sits down 'on a bench and inhales deeply, the smoke lingering in his throat be- fore he breathes it out. TraHic after dusk through the lVashing- ton Arch is slow. The headlights of passing cars shine momentarily on the tarnished statue of Garibaldi, his right arm valiantly clutching his sword. There is an ancient anecdote at YV.S.C. concerning Garibaldi and his sword, but we shouldn't disclose his secret. Most sen- iors are acquainted with it anyway. The shoe-shine men, the students, the nurses, the children, even the transients dis- appear as the evening wears on. At eleven o'clock the bright lights of the Reserve Read- ing Room and Study Hall are dimmed. Stu- dents drift through the Park to subways and buses. Only Garibaldi remains. SHU-SIIINE MEN: By graee of the Park Com- mission and those students who can afford a shine, they exist and have become a permanent sight on the Square campus. Their live- lihood is uncertain, varying with the seasons and the weatherg their ranks in- clude small boys and old men. The majority are of Italian extraction. Some carry comfortable chairs for the customer, others use park benches. They are all experts in their field, wielding a mighty shu- shine cloth. The Glory That Was The HERALD On the second lloor of the South Build- ing stand seventeen black owls, each about three and a half feet in height. Journalism students see them often, otrrers who frequent the South Building find them a familiar sight, yet few know where they canre from, why they happen to be roosting there in the South Building. All sorts of stories have sprung up in the years the owls have been with us. Some say they were given the school by Pulitzer with the strange provision that they never be mov- ed. And some say that every lew years one of thern disappears, never to be heard from a- gain. These, it is rumored, go to sea "with pussycats, in beautiful pea-green boatsfy But the owls just stand patiently, opposite the Placement bureau, and look wise. YVC irate to destroy any romantic illusions, but their story is actually no secret. They or- iginally adorned tlre facade and arch ol the old Herald Building on Herald Square. They were part of a display that included among other things, a great bronze clock, with a huge bronze woman who struck the hours. The whole business was the result of a two-hun- dred thousand dollar splurge by James Gor- don Bennett, publisher of the famed Herald. For years they stood therc, a town sight, symboli7ing the eccentricrty that was james Gordon Bennett'sg part of the legend that surrounded this man who was known to con- temporaries as '4The Caliph ol Bagdadf' The glory that was the Herald, with its record 500,000 circulatrorr, faded. XVhen James Gordon Bennett, the younger, died, the Herald Building was sold to Frank Munsey. Btrt the owls renrairred in their places, still blinking with their socketed eyes at the worn- an who struck the hours. Finally, Mr. Dewart, successor to Munsey, presented the clock with rts striker, busts of Bennett, and other relics of the Bennett reign, to New York University. The clock stands near the Hall of Fame at University Heights. The busts of Bennett, together with a file of the Herald, cartoons, and other things, are in the "Bennett Roornl' on the South Buildingis sec- ond iloor. And along one wall, solemn, in- scrutable, stand seventeen black owls. Placed rather haphazardly, at the present tirne, they serve no conceivable purpose. One usrrally dependable news source has it that they may eventually decorate some New York Urriversity building that has yet to be built. XVhich is one way oi saying that the owls can be removed. And not a single one of the owls has even been ingenious enough to disappear. Maybe they like it well enough where they are. Four four years now, we've waited pa- tiently, hoping that., perhaps, some student prankster would hoist at least one of tlrenr on to the top of the Arch or sorrrething. But now we've given up. Students just haven't got im- agination any more. 155 RADICALS REP BLICANS RETAILER lmplanled in the heart of the greatest melting pot in tlle world, the Square seems to be tlle converging point for all the cross currents of political opinions that mark New York City. Radicals and republicans rub elbows with retailers of every conceivable ware. Upin- ions are freely vendedg im- promptu argument between believer and believer. Elec- tions find major parties toss- ing microphone magic at amaz- ingly indifferent student audi- ences. Gateway to a city, the Square is a center for soap- box oratory. Scenes Like These Led To Trouble The student curb book mart was al- ways a competitive thorn in the side of the University book shop. A number of students paid their tuition by trade on the sidewalk ex- change. And Proposal Of A Student Co op Following the unexpected arrest of two students engaged in sell- ing their wares outside the Main, a student committee was formed to investigate the existing fric- tion between bookstore officials and the sidewalk retailers. The W. S. C. Bulletin, editorially, urged that a student co-operative be established. Following several diseusisons with Dean Loomis, who heartily favored the pro- posed co-op plan, and Mr. Lott, supervisor of the bookstore, the committee suggested that the book store place the used-book counter at the disposal of the student body. After approval by the student councils of the down- town schools and the University committee, which controlled the Bookstore policy, the eo-op was to become a fact on July 1, 1937. Eating is a very serious business in the Commons. Wittless the young lady munching away at her ap- plesauce. The gentleman thought- fully considering the menu. The still life of vegetable matter. The group at the right is only idling, but you find nice people all over. 158 The Commons: . i. . Junction Somewhat less impressive than the Louvre, somewhat less ancient than the Coliseum, the Coinnions is the Stluares most significant rontrilnition to posterity. Occupying space which once housed a sweatshop, it now plays host to the succeeding generations ol Square students who have sought a quiet place in which to cut their classes. Architecturally, the Coinnrons is an interesting blend olgw1r1's. The classic simplicity 'ol its pillars is dramatically set against a painted background ol green-a shade which critics have described as "hangover emerald." However, it is not tl1e architecture which transforms the Commons from a heanery into something like a sanctuary. Indeed, viewing the Continous in its purely functional capacity, it is pos- sible to critici7e individual features of the lable Whole. The crepes suzette prepared at the Lafayette, lor example, are definitely superior to that dished out in the Commons. But man does not live by bread alone, and for a true es- timate ol the Commons we must move to a higher plane. It is the atmosphere ol the Commons which sets it apart lrom 'other eating establishments. In the years dur- ing which it has played host to Square students, the Com- mons has come to be divided into delinite sections-each entertaining a dillerent species of undergraduate. At the north end ol' the smoking annex is located the Kremlin- local seat ol' the Third International and haven of W.S.C. leftists. Here one may wallow in a sea of dialectic-rhetoric which engulls the casual listener and leaves him numb from the impact ol sheer logic. Here also one encounters the Trotskyites-an exclusive band of dissident Marxists-who have renounced the world for a life ol pure contemplation. Protected from their loes by rigid gaine laws, they roam the stretches of the Commons imparting their character- istic llavor to the place. At the south end sits the lraternity clan-quietly dream- ing ol their own houses, from which the mortgages will soon be lifted. Over innumerable cups ol coilee, they com- pute the hnaneial woes ol' their organizations, and look lor- wartl-as in earlier centuries men awaited the coming of the Messiah-to the day when the rent on their frat rooms can he met. Driven from their haunts by an uncompromis- ingly realistic world, they smoke and chant characteristic folk songs and legends. ln the Commons itself, the student body comes to eat, giving themselves over to the strictly prosaic business of vitamins and calories. Although the most practical ol all the groups which populate the Commons, these are the most colorless and by far the least significant. Between the hours of l2 and 2 P. M., these average students converge on the Commons, gather in little groups about the black tables and usually discuss their previous class or instructor. Not many stay longer than an hour-the time necessary to com- plete their usual lout' course meal. Some have only thirty minutes to spare, others rush in lor a hurried cup of coffee. But these are only the transients that form a monotone background. Once encountered, the Commons is not easily forgot- ten. 'lihey tell tales ol' many graduates who have come back to seek happiness on the vast bosom of Mother Com- mons. And on still au'tumn evenings men have walked the streets singing ol the Commons which is-more than any- thing else-the soul of XVashington Square. Yvashington Square students are hagridden by their studies. Their courses are with them always. For example, the young man in the top box is interested in bi- ologyg the young lady in adver- lisingg and the three snaps down, the co-ed is demonstrating a fine art. 159 160 There is an old legend in this country, running back to Model T days, that college lile is just one mad round ol' pleasure. And though a newer generation of college stu- dents, sobered by certain annoying- ly prevalent economic conditions, has done its best to temper the myth, the Hollywood conception still exists. Students entering college have, surprisingly enough, come to ex- pect what is quaintly termed 'Asome social lil'e."And Hlashington Square Colleges concession to this Hrmly entrenched tradition was the open- ing of the combined Green and Blue Rooms in the fall of 1932. No more did class social com- mittees have to wait hungrily for one big annual dance. Friday night class dances became an institution . . . Social Life had come to the Square. The typical Friday night dance was invariably a gala allair, with flj fruit punch, QQ dance music, Qiij entertainment, Q-lj a stag line, Q55 a prom girl, QGQ a chairman of a social committee, with UQ the Friday Night: social committee, and Mr. Murphy. The fruit punch was often ac- companied by cookies, and the com- bination very effectively lent a way- back-home note to the proceedings. The dance music itself was us- ually satisfactory enough, but the entertainment was distinctly mem- orable. Y'Vith the exception ol an occasional celebrity dragged down by an enterprising social chairman, it was supplied by Varsity Show people, who tore down the house fgratisj with such gems as "Who do you think you are, ANYHOXVF' -the "anyhow" spoken with a ris- ing inllection, in a manner calcu- lated to throw any audience into convulsions. The Freshmen were bowled over by this sort of thing, but the gags somehow fell flat with the upper classmen, who had listened with admirable patience to the same skits for years. Many a Green Room dance even had its prom girl, but the se- lection of a prom girl at a college dance has never been anything to write a dramatic skit about. By Green Room Socials the usual coincidence. she always turned out to be the date ol tl1e ytlllllg 111a11 "in charge ol' 2ll'l'ZlllgCll1C1llS.u but nobody ever llllIlllCll, for the PYOIII girl situation has long bee11 all accepted part of tl1e college scene. Then there was Mr. Murphy. Last lall l1e left his place to others YVllCl1 l1e took a more satisfactory position, but Mr. Nlllflllly guarded tl1e portals ol practically every social lllff class of '37 ever saw. The lact tl1at he went through all that and retained his sanity undoubtedly l'CCUlHlllCfldCCl l1i111 for some sort ol' tropl1y. One could always see l1i111, besieged by a l1l0lJ of those creatures belonging to the COIIIIHOH- or garden yarietywol' chiseler, listening politely to even the 1nost obviously pl1o11ey stories before u11- etnolionally waving tl1e Murphy thumb i11 the direc- lltlll of tl1e exit. lt was always a lllllllll' II1ySICl'y why anyone even lllllfllf' desired to l'l'21Sll a Green Room dance, blll these boys would practically batter dow11 tl1e doors. XVhen some ol tl1e111 managed to get in they would start at tl1e l'Cl'l'CSl1l11CllI table, amuse them- selves for a few n1i11utes by leading tl1e llflllfl, and IllCIl proceed to the serious business of annoying every couple on tl1e floor Qwhere they were always whi111- sic-ally referred to as "heelsf'j ,eXltogether, they were a jolly lot, and 110 Green Room dance was eyer complete without tl1en1. Afte1 laughing heartily at their antics you could always leave-finding it easier getting out than it had lJCCll getting i11. '.,,. JL ' ks" 5' 3 ' 1 e .e A ,, L ,, . ,si. g'.3u:X 'E 4. " L " 5 ,- - . 7. -- - 4, Il", 51 ' HLA N .viii 'ff .. ,A 4 233315 , . 1 vi, 1 . " 's "2"3'l. "li . fx rr ,Niko 1 , Q-.at "1 ..:. 4,-4 Q- , -A ,-.. . . '.,:-- Lf: .gi-79" 'G' 4 ,v qr'A 'ff' ir, if . . A, I an 'gif r-rv, ri If avr, 4.""'v' ,iv 'v .,.s ave' gd rs- vy an f . .1. aryl 1 " va , '4 wa ', 3 1 L' -ao- li n' .rl 63 5 ' nf .- ,,, g ,- 11 . wi .,1, ': . . 1 .T Q 1 rw' .l'1.,,3 11 f..M.,a. 11,3 V . .. , MA., . Y A. . u , 1, . , ,. I ,ir ,.. Q K .1 ,sqtqfre ..- -.o.N,, - .I u .- " f ' gf- ' ' 14 9:54 'f !"" 4-fv' "Q - X Ufik 1, "'."f " ' ff 'ff ". "4 V '4 1 ' .' 1: A' . " fi I .4 7- ', e "E, .-, 12' --3 ,, - ,..-ff . fr fig -Z' 1 4- ,, , t , , , ..1.ff' 1' ,W ' 1. 61.1,"f - -, ., - bv '4 I 1-' -'Ht . ' .f , - , v 'I -'- - ' ' ff J fi' ef, 1 " 7-'A ,ai if . -A' V , -H. t '1 I 'dig if-4' N vu 4' lx ' 4 A '-fi A 1 A r f- -I...-, fee- L- .' ' ' .1 -5164 4 . Y ' ' ig' .rf ' gg- ' ff 2 ..fgQ'g 1. 5. ' Qi li A ' .. 'Q' A ,"' . . . t . +1 wr- id' I' 'V Ar l 1' I -2-. ffgfl , C MJ-'J ,-. 'H' 1 i 'ima 5: Q-sf ,,. l- 4 ' If 1' Q: - .-A ",.:' ,...4 ' .1 '1...w Fug . !' -- -gf 4 A-" ,. P ii. iff, 7' A51 4' .'5:':1a hmmm: wr! W . ' " ,,. 'lv " v 5 'li ' ,nip 1-. ' ., I , ...wr 8, ,A .. :ge- . "' ' ' NE 1 . , 1"u-" 5 ' 2' L3 , 4- 1 v v v .1 bn. ..4 W- ,pm,: '.- 't is .fy'g 161 Some tuary, quiet, tronly stuffy 162 eo-eds call it the Sane- others the Tombs. It's comfortable and ma- . Most students find il For omen Unly There is a definitely leminine llavor about lourth floor Main. Co-eds, pouring out ol the even elevators, rush to their lockers, sometimes drilt into one ol the rest rooms, either the smoker or the lounge. 'lhe smoker is a charming little spot, somewhat reminiscent ol a hospital waiting room, with its uncompromising wooden benches, its bare tables, and the laded maps that adorn its walls. lfieshmen flock there, for it seems to them a rather daring thing to smoke at school, when in high school they would have been threat- ened with excommunication lor similar conduct. And so they gather here, like collegians do in the mov- ies, to "have a butt," as they so quaintly put il, as they busily cram lor the Bio final or the Math quiz. The more conservative element frequents the lounge, a very large room, with lots ol' l'urniture and chintz about, and the atmosphere ol' a convent near XVest Point. Girls in Hat-heeled shoes sit and study, while the linger-waved and lacquer-nailed sorority clique whispers together about "last night at the Astor Roof." 'lhere is a piano, but music rare- ly disturbs the deadly calm that hangs over the place. Al- though the room is called a lounge, lounging on any ap- preciable scale is discouraged. It seems that it's in some way immoral, even shocking, to nap in public-unless one naps sitting up. The horizontal position is frowned upon. But we suppose that every XY.S.C. cored who ever got tired of looking at XV.S.C. men, has at some time or other, for better or worse, found sanctuary in one of these two rooms. For Men nl Located in the East Buildings basement, with its en- trance in the Bookstore, the Game Room has been lor sev- eral years now, part of the legitimate N.Y.lj. campus. For a short while it was co-ed, but it seems that the young ladies got some of the boys off their game and so it became a hang- out reserved for men. Freshmen usually wander into it by accident early in their first semester, and are happily surprised to find such familiar objects as pool and ping-pong tables. Not knowing very many people around school, they eagerly grasp at the acquaintanceships so readily picked up there, and before long it 'becomes the place to go when they have a hall-hour or so to kill. By the time they reach their second year, though, most of them have outgrown it as a steady diet, and, so, most of the Game Roomys steady customers are freshmen. Upper' classmen, and even faculty members, dash down occasionally for a last game of ping-pong, but the real story of the Game Room's success has been writ by the freshmen, who have always found it a place where they could hang their hats and meet other freshmen. No Game Room story could be complete without men- tion of "Iron John," who manages the place. Game Room landmark and father confessor to countless freshmen, the set of his jaw has always had a quieting influence on those of the boys who sometimes forget that it's all really in fun. He forms part of a picture that most Square men will re- member. MN in Iron John Came room inhabitants spend most of their time drinking Coca-Cnlas, studying "Eng- lishf' playing Ping Pong and eating Mclnlosh apples. 163 Q4 004 4 A av L f A 'V "Er 1-313- fffavf 4 L9s', '. 1 ' V. f.'s,' .,w,Y.Ar LAW' 1 4 , 3 , . , . In P. .H- T ,. 'a sq- -it --.M ffl? nw .r,JN Qf H'f'Lif'f ,. L ' 'Q F .5g.3j.-.L'.". A ., ', , w 273 . ,- ' ,KK yksix .ig if 3- A, M gwiv. fxyzjyd A? fffrgvk W I . fy' , L 5, .L , . K .Q L . wif A , 2. - K , 4 1 L ,fat Q V I 'xgi',3,1 A ' 4' 1 L' I. b. .., V. ., ,. 'ft . - 'Yi . . A 'f wfnS" -17'.wfo QQ- v- - ,Q . ,, 'fg,,, ,r ,Java 5"',,Y+ "i,"f-.L 'J . 9 N., yt f Q ' .3 Ly. my ,VN , M 1 Mg. 1- fx if, 3-, h -r' 4' M , , f M ' if :Q lj ' QQ A ,.,. -fly' 4+ fs vw W '15 ' 'Jil xx -"' .31 W, . Y fx 'TV sv 1 if "-fs' .fgfki V Q Q Q f ' sw Q 2 we .4 xx ,, Wg ,-,zggia-use, jifx ez 0 . 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G3ll3tiH,S Hobb : 1 . l In the South Study Hall ol the Main Building hang the pictures which go to make up the Museum ol Living Art. Qlt used to be called the Gallery ol Living Art, but there was difficulty with people who wanted to buy pictures. A gallery in this country is a place where pictures are hung for sale, while pic- tues in a museum are merely on exhibition.j Students are in the habit of gazing on these pictures with mixed emotions. They fear and do not understand, so, as a sort of defense mechanism, they either sneer or ignore completely. To the great majority of the Square students, the museum is, unfortunately, merely a nice quiet place in which to sleep or study. Mr. Albert E. Gallatin, who owns the pic- tures and lends them to the museum here, is the great-grandson of one of the founders of the school and is now serving on the New York University Board of Trustees. He maintains that Modern Art is the antithesis of all the anecdotal art which the last hall' of the 19th 166 The Museum of Living Art century saw, a reversion to those basic prin- ciples of architecture, form and composition in art which recent painters have been too un- willing or incompetent to include. Modern Art should not be condemned just because it is not photographic. Attempting to embody basic principles of art, it has found photo- graphic art outside its ken. Students from art classes all over the met- ropolitan area visit the museum constantlyg it is the haunt of those people who appreciate the truly line works Mr. Gallatin has on dis- play. All the clerical work in the nine-year his- tory of the Museum has been done by Mr. Gallatin himself, even to the extent of tack- ing on labels. And Mr. Gallatin graciously declares that "it would be impossible to main- tain the Museum were it not for the facilities provided by the University." Among the illustrious artists whose work the Museum includes are Picasso, Braque, Leger, Matisse, and Miro. A picture by the last named of the Iive, "Dog Barking At The Moon," was on exhibition at the Century of Progress Exposition in Chicago. Others of the collection have been sent abroad lor show- ings. Picasso's "The Three Musicians" and Leger's "The City," both recently added, are possibly the most important paintings of this century. The French Government has request- ed their loan lor the Exposition which opens in Paris this May. On the following four pages, ALBUM presents, through the courtesy of Mr. Gallatin, eight reproductions of what are perhaps the most representative works of the entire collec- tion. You can see the remainder of the collec- tion by simply walking into Room 102 Main. Study Hall Although the works of a number of gn-at modern artist hang on the walls of the Museum of Living Art, to most students the large room on the south side of the Main is only the study hall. Engrossed in their work, books piled high 011 the ma- hwgany tables, the average students never notice the existence of these art treasures, or are never inter- ested. But if students pay no at- ff RJR! tention to the paintings, outsiders do. They come from all parts of the city to view these exhibitions and throughout the day small groups of observers wander about the room. ,.w,y 107 PORTRAIT OF HIMSELF-Pablo Picasso INTERIOR-NICE-Henry Matisse CARAFE AND KNIFE-Paul Cezanne FHIQ THREE M USICIANS-Pablo lJ1'r,'11.v.w THE X'7IfJLINijllIl7l Gris LA VALSE-.Gcmgzfs Bwlqm' DOG BARKING AT THE MOON-joan Miro THE CITY-Fernaml Lrigm' J Student Activities M,,M,1L H -- -v-- -- Q.. 3 .,, ,, A..,,,. A QW' ,, in 5 1 ,, ., 4:.w p5f" f-3 4.- Ja www 4, W X Q f w Y' " ggi -' ,..... Q. ,wg ' ' ' . N, E. N" ' iii, fi ,Z ' ,, ' -. . f 85:1 r Q we f -Q A-, x, .. , ,M f Q I i :M A ff,4r1Y L -1 .., . 1 , grin - ,.HQsr'1 ,Aj A f 3-,.......v'vEa Af'f,,g4- " 1 I- , A V ff QQ, K I , if q s 37525, if M 5 H , 5, Q hm" 1 is A-Q V- ,g,f,,,,R N ,K if 1" ha fm X 5 A 5 :L ww 4, E if F ,, PX U' x , k L. , L. A 5' " ,ax 1 '15 -f ' 'L L 9' F . , 2 . v 'J 5, .1 9 , A C x -f fn A Hg, . M fr fqff fqmgx, , ei Q - YV 4. if : . f Y J! WE LK A -W Z, 1 A t L ic, I L 4- W an ' ' if? Q ffl, if 3. x J 4 2- , 1 A H N,. V Q M211 5 5-EL .1 3 f -W . k , al" :i if F w K . AU if ,Q ffgffk , Y' 5k"5m5kH WY2fS2RiE NiLiQi The Clubs Social Scientific Political Ci,L7l2.-association united by coin- mon interest and usually united for social or political purposes, co-op- ting by ballot, and having premises for members, resort, meals, and temporary residence. Americmz Oxford Dicliomrry There are two dozen of them in the Square, their individual inter- est comnion, be it language, religion, politics or science, their unity questionable, though, where it exists, certainly for social or political pur- poses. Large, periodically passive associations, with members ranging from super-sophisticated Freshmen to psuedo-blase Seniors. Small, persistently active groups, brought together by the force of one aggressively domin- ating founder and a particular clique of followers-fcxclusive by right ol' charter membership and distinctive knowledge. Year after year, they exist by the grace of Student Activities. Pro- grams little changed, members increasingly or decreasingly spasmodic in interest and attendance, they continue steadily, placidly, the cycle: Lcc- ture-meetings, teas, socials, big dance. For all twenty-four the same gen- eral schedule, altered only by occasional individual interests and ingenuity. But there are cycle alterations. One, the "big dance": an entrancing El Centro Hispano Fiesta, a Menorali-sponsored Inter-Faith Danceg a lustily German Christmas Party for Deutscher Verein, and jahrmarkt, festive fair, in the spring. The lecture-meeting: enlivened for Le Cercle Francais by a French Glee Club: poetry recitals to inspire, and lantern slides for Il Circolo Italiano illustration: tea, poured politely in the Blue Room, after Book Club gatherings and rare volume exhibits. Socials: made pleasantly definite by Christian Association members- each Friday night a dance in the mood of such planned festivals as a Backwards, a Salmagundi, or a Last Leap Years Party: a Faculty Social by Mandel Chem and a party to welcome Feb-Sept Frosh, a December Soci- ology Club Tea, with singers of strange African songs to entertain. There are some who rarely hold dances. These are usually the more seriously scientific, with large memberships, organized primarily to en- hance professional knowledge. Bio Group, for instance, which holds no socials, but, instead, en- lightening scientilic-authority lectures. Field trips for Stevenson Geology Club, with an occasional social as a substitute: Math Club lectures, and coaching classes for the less mathematically brilliant Square majority: International Relations, sponsored by Carnegie Peace Endowment, quiet- ly working with an International Relations Conference and a Model Assembly of Nations. Physics Club: Amateur Radio Society: Psychology Clubfactive solely because of the bond of experimental inquisitiveness. Politics? It runs through them all: Small-town, subtle, persistent strategies for mere collegiate importance. Often hysterically passionate, shamelessly sincere party units. A filled Education Auditorium. A Communist presidential candi- date speaks: Earl Browder, a Karl Marx Society attraction. An annual stimulant for Socialist Club minds: Norman Thomas, rival Socialist as- pirant. These hobby clubs: Photographic Society. A dark room to develop ALBUM shots-and, quoted precisely from one red-haired feminine member-to "learn other things besides photography!" Riding Club: Riding habits worn to classes by enthusiastic female members before Fri- day riding. Go-Club-4Japanese national game devotees: Chess Club- seriously intellectual duos, playing idly at lounge tables. Their premises? Beaver-boarded cubby-holes in South Building: a dingy green doorway: one creaking, ten-person elevator which comes but occasionally: rickety wooden steps, crowded with two persons ascending and descending, Bear's Den: loudly-peimanted, dark brown long room, with a piano, and loungers always in the big chairs. The homeless: Try Hnding through a departmental ofhcez- "Oh yes, there is a club, but they never come around herell, Yet they function, all of them. Spasmodically, prosaically, enthusi- astically. Clubs: twenty-four in Square: Emblems of the common in- terest. Entertainment with an informational tinge-- the clubs' function. Lectures-political, economic and sociological: hobbies-pllotm graphy, riding and chess: music-primitive, classical and jazz-they're all intended to please. Dramatic Society: ffstage And n Hl'ou miglzl lmvc said, 011, many llziz1gs." -Cyrano de Bergerac In a squared corner of the South Build- ing, secluded from tl1e daily hurly-burly ol' student activity o11 the third lloor, there ex- isted a group ol individuals moulded at 501110 past date into an exclusive band of intellectu- als and artists sworn to llplltlltl the creed of Sarah Bernhardt. Four desks, one typewriter, a lew chairs, and an all important "call" board comprised the furniture ol tl1e room. And its inhabitants were as varied as the four desks, as tenrperaniental as The Dramatic Square College gave lorniances through the old typewriter. Society ol ll'ashington two distinct types ol pei- the year, perlornrances which were distinguished, and gave their work an individuality all its own. For o11e thing, it gave tl1e prosaic type of performance wl1icl1 took the form of plays appearing on the boards at regular intervals. But, in addition, the So- ciety gave a continuous nine-hour a day, live days a week, perlorinance in their third lloor oHices1 playing to an unappreciative, hetero- 176 generous audience composed chiefly of Bulle- lin scribes, N.Y.A. office workers, and Day Org congregationalists. Profound, stirring, deep-1 ooted drama that it was, drawing its material lront the earth and from tl1e eccentricities of life itself, it found no enthusiasts, however, in contemp- orary critics. Habitating ollices on tl1e same floor as tl1e D.S., these patient men allowed prejudice to bias their reviews. "Their antics are reminiscent of Kauf- lIl3I'l,S family i11 his 'You Cnrfl Take It lI'ill1 You' and Tonkonogy's in 'Three Cornered Hoon' one critic asserted. "Vital and ener- getic, perhaps: taken from a page of Life, maybe. But entirely u11necessary.', However, the Dramatic Society themes were not completely immersed in frivolity. Socially conscious of existing conditions in the world, they often turned their attention to political problems, protesting against injustices with the violent, dynamic voices ol' practiced orators, and the realistic, eloquent actions of polished thespians. Undaunted and un- They were an eloquent, temperamental, irrational group, the Dramatic Soci- ety. T h e i r accomplish- ments ranged from office free - for - alls with hats, gloves, bits of hair and soaring telephone books playing an important role, lo meritorious work in make-up and stage sets. In the Playhouse, they pro- duced legitimate shows, on the third floor South they g a v e offstage perform- ances. To any one acquain- ted with their activity, the picture on the lower right, presumably showing the D.S. in an offstage mo- ment, will seem obviously posed. During thc first semester, the Society produced such hits as Clifford 0det's MI Canit Sleepf' Amy Lowcllis "Number 3 On The Docket," Thomas Hood's "Song Of The Shirt," E. P. Conle's 'SSparkin'," done in beautiful period costumes and Bernard Duffy's "The C0lll8I',, fabovcl. afraid in a world filled with turmoil and strife, D.S. members battered through the thin par- titions separating ollices on the third Hoot' South, to carry the logic of their gospel to an- noyed and angered non-combatants. Discussions, those physical and those phil- osophical, were usually abruptly cultninated on the appearance of the guard. Peace, re- stored for the short space of five minutes, trans- formed the D.S. scene from something akin to a Madison Square Garden brawl to a class- room of abashed high school students. 'iIt's strictly l'.S.A.L. stull'," commented one of the guards following a particularly strenuous Dramatic Society session. But, D.S. memories of past scoldings were not long lived, and its members reverted to former habits with childish fervor. Of their regular attractions presented in the Playhouse throughout tl1e year, highly commendable reviews were written, and the The sf-cond semester saw Odets' Broadway sue- cess, "Waiting For Leftyii and Irwin Shaw's '6Bury The Deadi' competently produced on the Playhouse stage. Ending a highly credit- able season of legitimate performances, the Dramatic Society presented Eugene 0'Neill's "lle', and Chekhov's H011 The High Roadf, work was thought good enough to be replaye-'l and broadcast. Three men, Charles Chupet, George Dollini and Eugene Fischer, recruited from the lV.P.A. Theatre Project, directed the Society's noteworthy achievements. Of the three, Dollini was the prize catch, having been through escapades over the map generally, in a Soviet prison camp particularly, and in other situations wltich make for an interesting per- sonality. Long, black hair flowing almost to his shoulders, the short, dark Dollini was a. bounding ball of artistry. Eloquent to his fingertips, he directed with spicy individuality. The Dramatic Society ofhcers for the year 1936-37 were: Natalie Cohen, President, Bet- inna Aaronson, Business Manager, Violet Ep- stein, Secretary, Al Lotttnan, Prodttction Man- ager, Eli Slotkin, Stage Manager, Daniel Beh- rens, Publicity, Dorothy Dwyer, Costumes, Ed- ward Kurland, Property Manager, Leonard Schaff, Stage Electrician, Herbert Tetenbaum, Tecltnical Adviser. 177 Chorus and rchestra Membership in the Xvaslrington Square Clollege Chorus was not limited to possessors ol' fine singing voices. Anyone who could read simple nutsical notation and who enjoyed singing with a group, was welcome to join these lovers ol good nutsic on lfriday alter- uoons in the Organ Room ol .Iudson Church. The XVashington Scptare College String Ur- clrestra, however. consisted lor the most part ol' lairly experienced performers, who tliel every Tuesday in the Green Room ol' the liast liuilding. The two musical groups were or- Qaniyed ttnder the direction ol' Professor Marf tin Bernstein ol the Music department ol' the College, who as their conductor, devoted a tremendous amottnt of time to serious work on their behall. Throughout the year, Professor Bernstein was a well-pleased man. Chorus and orchestra membership lists had to be closed early in the season, disappointing many eager aspirants. The enterprising attitude of the members was sttch that "Herr Direktor" had no lack ol vi- tality, so necessary to the type ol music he pre- lcrs to perlorm. to draw upon. The String Orchestra, although possessing a more con- vincing homogeneity ol experience and abil- ity, did not outdo the Cltorus in sincere intei- est and cooperationglundamental necessities ol' group interpretation. The two societies inaugurated the season on the evening ol' December 21. Advance sale ol tickets didnt satisfy the great demand a- mong the stttdeut body. and the clamor among visiting alumni only added to the din. The audience that ltlled the School of Education Auditorium to capacity was a heterogeneous conglomeration of students, faculty members, alumni. and ever-loud parents. On stage, the Chorus, seated on the .lean 'Weinstein-impro- vised tiers, and the Orchestra, nervously Hnga ering their instruments, impatiently awaited the opening curtain. It was a determined group on that platlorm, in boiled shirts and evening gowns, dressed under the Bernstein dictum ol 'Eno tiaras and positively no fans, ladies!" From beginning to end, the performance was a success. There was hardly ll moment that 178 passed without the audience being carried away by the pleasing synchronization of voice and instrument. The program was highly satis- fying, including works from Vivaldi, Vaughn XVilliams, Haydn, Ravel, and Bach. Haydn's "Toy Symphony." now a yearly orches- tral Christmas gilt. received trernendous salvos ol' applause. And there was the cornpelling brilliance and rmlsicianship ot Edna Fries, l'orrner Square student, as the piano soloist lor the Bach "XYir Miissen Durclr Yicl Trubsal in cidentally, to murmur their appreciation over stimulating Blue Room relreshnrents. But there were other patron saints. Dur- ing the fourth annual Spring Music Xteek Qobservecl this year with April 14 and .Xpril I7 concertsj, Henry Purcell likewise received hornagc, Purcell hasn't been neglected at New York University: the XX'aslrington Square Col- lege Chorus and Orchestra had given the Iirst perl'orrnarrce in the United States ol two ol' his Das Reich Cortes Eingehenf' There was also the inspiring singing of the Chorus in this cantata, and with tl1e stirring orchestral accompaniment, in the linal chorus and chorale Irorn Bach's "Alles Nur Nach Gottes XVillen." Following the Christrnas concert, as in the past two years, the two societies devot- ed themselves to the annual "Bachl'est." "Bach,,' as Pro- fessor Bernstein said, "seems to be the Chorus' patron saint," and every March, the anniversary of the composer's birth, is celebrated by what has been narned the "Bach- l'cst." The occasion is corn- rnenrorated in the Green and Bitte Rooms by the sight-read- ing of some ol Professor Bern- steinls huge collection ol Bach's choral and orchestral works. A select group of guests carne this year to delight with the chorus and orchestra in the inspiring beauty' of the great master, and later, in- Chorus and orchestra re- hearsals were not the place for the fun-loving practical joker. Under the strict guid- ance of Professor Bernstein, they were conducted with rigid sobriety and directed to- wards the production of a highly polished work. His col- lection of Bach eantatas was unlimited and many were as yet unsung and unplayed when the season ended. operas, "Ring A-Xrtlnrr" and "Diocletian." This year, Hlliclx and Aeneas" was successlully lJCl'liUl'1HCLl and re- ceived as entlrusiasticially as its predecessor, with the ns- ual prornixrent soloists. rnany of wlrorn were members ol' the Metropolitan Opera Corn- pany. But piolrann Sebastian Bach was still number one patron saint. The April 17 concert was devoted entirely to his Czttllltllls, and the rnore larniliar ol lhern were "XVein- en, lilagen, Sorgen, Zagenf' "Christ Lag in Toclesbarclenf' and "XYac'Iret Auff iirst per- lorrned by the two societies last year. Xvhen the season ended with Spring Music XVeek ac- tivities, the Chorus and Or- chestra, in joint session, cele- brated lwo other occasions. The lrrst was the fourth birth- day ol. the Chorus, and the second was the seventh birth- day of the Orchestra. XVith united ellorts, Professor Bern- stein's disciples celebrated their success and advanced age, at the sarne time bernoarr- ing the end of an enjoyable season. 179 PROTAGONIST: Active in three years of fresh- man and Varsity debate, Will Rogow was named coach of the yearling squad in his senior year. One of the college's leading debaters, he repre- sented N.Y.U. on team tours through the South and Middle West. The student body as a whole knows perhaps less about The Varsity Debate Team than of any other extra-curricular organization. These unsung protagonists of the argument carry on their activities in fair weather or foul, sometimes with few other than their own numbers to hear them out. Since the team participates in over eighty home debates, the university could hardly be expected to furnish sulfi- cient audiences. But debating is quite a dreary business without an audience, and so the team goes out and takes its audiences where it finds them. Rotary Club luncheons, Masonic Lodge meet- ings, Junior Leagues of Churches, Syna- gogues, XVon1en's Club meetings, high school assemblies, public speaking classes in other colleges-.these and others all become part of the "home grounds" of the team. 180 Varsity Debate A large number of organizations have come to depend upon the N.Y.U. team for at least one debate a year, and such debates, with distinguished persons as judges, are widely publicized by the sponsoring organizations, and attract large crowds. Sometimes, however, a sponsor canlt be landed, and a debate will be held in an empty class room with only a few fellow debaters present. In home debates, the opposition comes from local and out-of-town col- leges with an occasional private organi- zation thrown in. Intersectional battles may be news in football, but they're com- mon occurrences in debating. In the course of a debating season, N.Y.U. takes on teams from all parts of the country. Our orators take two long trips each year, usually during March and April, and during these fortnightly voyages, de- bates are held with different schools al- most every night. The visited colleges play host, and some very interesting stories leak out about the royal treatment and entertainment offered our boys. The trips vary each year, but one is generally to the west and the other to the south. In past years the team has visited Flor- ida, Canada, Louisiana, St. Louis, and Chicago, with shorter trips to Pennsyl- vania, Washington, D. C., and New Eng- land. From two to four debaters make the rounds with the manager, and ever The poses may be characteris- tic but their approach was dif- ferent. Rheta Benjamin, Leonard Fischman, Renee Meyers, Leon- ard Mandel and David Stuzin had their own personal manner- isms they projected while on the rostrum. Although actual con- tests did not begin until the sec- ond semestcr, the entire school year was crowded with important, detailed preparation. since an automobile caught fire in South Carolina and held up the entire schedule. bus has been the favorite mode of travel. All debates, with only a few exceptions, are held on one topic which is the same for all schools in the country. This facilitates debates with other schools and makes for better discussions all around. The topic Qagreed on by all schoolsj is usually one of current public interest. ln past years, ques- tions have been on the N.R.A., increased power for the presi- dent, nationalization of munitions, curbing the power of the Supreme Court, and so forth. In the held of collegiate debating, N.Y.U. holds a distinct and unique position. It's an established precedent at N.Y.U. that every candidate who shows genuine interest will be as- signed to at least one debate. The debates are not given to the few best, but are shared by all members of the squad. Of course, the more experienced and proficient do receive more and bigger debates, but theres no monopoly. Even on this basis, our group has the reputation of consistently pre- senting one of the finest teams in the country, outclassing many of those schools who restrict their debates to a few better men. The traditional N.Y.U. debater has a sleek manner, a confident air, a number of fine, flowing phrases, and a few memorized speeches. He has to be able to take either the affirmative or negative of the question, be able to adapt his arguments to suit his audience, and must be able to think on his feet. He has to do all these thingsg he couldn't very well make the same speech to a troop of Boy Scouts that he made two nights previously to the Ladies' Aid Society of the Grand Exalted Order of Knights of the Sacred Daffodil. 181 Martin Krisses Renee Myers Oil to a slow start, the American Student Union this year lost no time in picking up inonlentuul. and consisteutlv garnered the spotlight lroiu inost ol' the other student ac- tivities in XYashington Square College. Unifying as it does all the liberal societies in the school. with national or local aflilia- tions. it is the largest single group perlorniing the deinands ol the youth movement in the United States. The A-X. S. l'. takes an active stand against against war, lascisin, discriniina- 182 A. S. U. tion and the R.0.'l'.C., and favors a niore democratic lortn ol' education. The inaqior opening ol' the vear bv the American Student. Union canie when the cani- pus was aroused over the lack ol a coopera- tive bookstore where students might. without extra eost to themselves, exchange and sell used textbooks. 'lihe aclniinistration appoint- ed a connuittee to oller a solutionf-where used textbooks were concerned. The ,VX.S.U. ap- pointed a conunittee to study the cooperative movement and ascertain the advisability of placing the N. Y. U. bookstore under a student cooperative movement. At the American Student Union Conven- tion held in Chicago the last three days in December, the body of national representa- tives -once again reiterated its stand to solidly oppose the evils of the R.O.T.C., war, fascism, and discrimination. Taking an active interest in the American Youth Act, which was presented in Congress by Senator Ernest Lundeen of Minnesota, the American Student Union chose two delegates to represent it on the national pilgrimage to YVashington, D. C., to lobby for passage of the Act. Next to come Within the scope of A. S. U. attacks was the rider attached to the Neu- trality Bill which said that a fine of not more than fqS50,000, and imprisonment for not more than five years, or both, would be the desert of persons within the United States convicted of soliciting or receiving any contribution for any belligerent states, or political subdivision within a state, engaged in civil or international war. This measure, it felt, would hit directly at the "Aid for Spanish Loyalists" campaign current at the time in the country. It was at the beginning of the second semester that the American Student Union felt that its purposes would be better realized if a mass meeting of student leaders were held where opinions could be expressed as to how the Union platform could be made more in- clusive and appealing to recalcitrant groups in the school. Toward this end a meeting was called for February 26 and with more than thirty-five student leaders present, the following plan was adopted by an overwhelming vote: Small committees would henceforth be chosen to aid the executive committee mem- bers in their various tasks, fortnightly semin- ars on student problems enlisting large num- bers 'of Square undergraduates would be held -these discussion groups to investigate such problems as anti-war work, cooperatives, cur- riculum revision, and labor problems. Re- commendations to be then submitted to the A. S. U. for direct action. Reorganization completed, the eyes of the Union were turned to National Sharecroppers 'vVeek, March l to 7. The plight of the South- ern tenant farmer was realistically brought to light with the presentation by the A. U., in an open meeting, of YV. L. Blackstone, Baptist preacher and Southern Tenant Farm- ers Union organizer. Mr. Blackstone, whose ancestors, and he, in early youth, had been under the yoke of the landlord, related in a simple, twangy voice the hardships which America's "white trash" endures every day 'of the year. "The landlords beat, shoot and break up our meetings mercilessly," he said, "knowing that the law would do nothing to hinder them. Often a man leaves in the morning to go to the picket line, and he is never heard of again." The A. S. U. noted its material support to the organizing forces in the South which are trying to alleviate the burden of "white trash" and lift them to the status of human beings. The highlight of activities for the year culminated in the American Student Union's joining hands with the Anti-XVar Committee to stage the largest and most successful anti- war strike to-date, on April 22. Throughout the nation students on every campus left classes to wage a one hour pro- test against war, and in Washington Square College more than 2,000 used this method to demonstrate their aversion to lighting the arguments of vested interests. XVith this, the climax had been reached, and the A. S. U. settled down to fortnightly seminars and student problems on the cam- pus!biding its time till the next school year. 183 In every aspect of student life that affects more than a small minority at XVashington Square College, fraternities have lost their sig- nificance. Socially, they are meaningless, the great mass of students hardly know they exist. Politically, they are powerless, where in the past, fraternities were synonomous with polit- ical machines, today, political machines rightly consider fraternities as impotent small fry. Up at the Heights and over at Commerce. fraternities are still the 1I10st powerful single group on the campus, but as an institution at the Square, they are, to all intents and pur- poses, dead. They no longer have anything to offer the student body, either politically, soci- ally, or culturally. This hasn't always been so. From the early twenties through the Hrst few years of the de- 184 Fraternities: The End of an Era pression, fraternities were really in the saddle. The height of your social or political success was pretty well measured by the fraternity you belonged to, and you belonged-or else. Most of the boys lived at home, but they aped the traditional standards as much as pos- sible. The sky-high prices on nearby real estate made it next to impossible for them to own their own houses, but they compromised on Village apartments, and began to play their grand game of make-believe. They dreamed their collegiate dream witl1 the materials at hand, and they were satisfied, because its nov- elty represented escape from the family life with which they were satiated. It was fun while it lasted. The brothers had money, and they were willing to spend it if they could get some "real college life." XVith a fraternity house at their disposal, they could throw parties, run crap games, or stay up all night cramming for exams'-and mother would never know. They could, in short, go rah-rah in the big city, and they did. They went in for such things as raiding each other's houses for furniture that had been lost in a crap game tl1e night before, for tear- ing about the Village on all night parties. And the legends they made were held out to gaping pledgees as previews of the Promised Land. Not that they were entirely devoted to the rah-rah. They were a living force at the Square, and made themselve felt in every phase of college life. Some of the schools most brilliant students were fraternity boys, and the brothers who consistently made good on pub- lications, flooded the honor societies, and be- came the school's political bosses, were almost always personalities in their own right. In looking back, it seems unfair to take anything away from them merely because their fratern- ity brothers were able to shove them into office. The big fraternities could hand-pick their members, with the members paying on the line for the privilege. Money was a vital necessity, for the fraternity house depended upon itg but there was plenty of it around, and if I1 talented boy with nice prospects didnlt have the wherewithal, the boys rarely let that stand in his way. Aesthetes cou1dn't make an issue of hard cash, and what was more to the point, they could well afford to shrug it off. But when the depression came, the boys were caught short. Fraternity houses were dis- tinctly in the luxury class, but they didn't get the axe as quickly as might have been expect- ed. The brothers recognized them rightly as the one thing that held the whole structure together, and they tightened their belts as they reconciled themselves to two meals a day. Two meals a day would have been en- durable if it paid the rent, but, somehow, it didn't, and the boys did the only possible thing: they started to break their leases and move to smaller quarters. From four and Hve room apartments, they went into one room basement flats. The lean years had really ar- rived, and it wasn't funny to boys who had been able to regard money as vulgar. But, they, at least, had something to re- member. They could laugh off their decline with a copious supply of stories about "the good old days." Not so the newer members. Basement flats and two meals a day were all right for a week or so, but not as a steady diet. Sure, the 'old days were fun, but llzcy didn't remember the old days. They didn't see the logic that lay behind renting a damp room so that a few upperclassmen could tell them ro- mantic stories about people they had never known, when they couldn't afford to pay for the room, anyway. But, because the stories were romantic, they kept renting the damp rooms, stealthily locating themselves in new ones when irate landlords put them out in the street. One by one, though, the brothers who ac- tually remembered the old days passed out of the picture, and the fraternity boys who re- mained were left holding a bag of memories that weren't even theirs. Most of them got very practical, and went back to three meals a day. The present status of fraternities at the Square is accepted without much argument by most of the brothers. They've just about giv- en up the candle, and they aren't particularly sorry, for the candle is pretty well burnt out. Alpha Gamma, once the political terror of the school, came out of retirement during the Spring election in 1936 to back one of their boys in the presidential campaign, but, to the ears of 1936 YV.S.C. electorate, the name Alpha Gamma had a remarkably unfamiliar sound, and the fraternity took what might be termed a thorough beating. Alpha Lambda Phi, founded by Dean Munn in 1921 and probable possessor of the most respected record of any of the Square fra- ternities, recognized the inevitable after sev- eral costly revivals, and is quietly fading out with the class of 1937. True, there still exists an Interfraternity Council, but its main function in recent years has been the organization of an annual basket- ball tournament for those fraternities that can still boast of hve members. To ALBUM, it seems regrettable that fra- ternities, once the school's proudest institution, should have to endure the humiliation of a long decline that is leading to inevitable ex- tinction. Personally, we believe in mercy kill- ings. 185 Sororities Y" """' H ,r 'x gf ,rzglklg ww tu, 1: r. I it ill I ,I . , l it W 1 C if , ,Ng , ,, ,rr , ll lll 186 tlrl .alt ,slit tif Although the '29 depression dealt frater- nities their death blow at the Square, it sur- prisingly enough left unmolested their sister organizations. Square Sororities have in some inexplicable manner continued their existence, and in some cases have even expanded the lim- ited circle of their activities. Founded in 1900, by a select group of women who believed that XVashington Square College required a social organization for co- eds, they have grown from one small sorority to fifteen chapters, the majority of which are affiliated with some national group. Playing their rather drab and negligible role on the Square campus, it is surprising that these or- ganizations have matured and still are of great interest to a large group of coeds. XVithout houses that they can call their own, excepting such favorite sorority "hang- outs" as Harlin's Apothecar y, the study room of the Commons and the N.Y.U. Soda Shoppe, their only attraction is perhaps their exclusiveness. Gathered in small groups about their favorite tables in these "eating" estab- lishments, the sorority cliques discuss last night's dates, tom'orrow's dates and the com- ing rush week. Sorority contacts with the college are com- paratively few. It is only when rush week makes its appearance towards the middle of the semester that the sisters emerge from their exclusive shells to give a series of parties, luncheon dates and pep talks in honor of prospective candidates. Attempting to con- vince the freslnnen that they cannot exist in the Square social swim unless they become members of a sorority, the sudden flood of open house invitations serve only to bewilder an already puzzled group of yearling women. During these four hectic weeks of rush- ing, in comparison to which all other activity at the Square becomes tame and insignihcant, the Pan-Hellenic Congress regulates rushing rules and sees that sororities conform to those ethical codes which have been established dur- ing the past years. Competition among the groups is keen and the desirable freshmen, "good sorority material," are relentlessly pur- sued by newly acquired friends intent upon ex- tolling the virtues of their respective sororities. The week ol' silence which coeds must ob- serve following the rushing season culminates in "bid day" when preferences are submitted to Dean Arnold. And if the coed is fortunate enough to have her choice correspond with the choice of the sorority, she becomes a duly recognized pledgee ol' the 'Ainner circle." Hibernating through the winter months, with an occasional formal disturbing their placid existence, the sorority cliques bloom in-- to prominence again with the spring flowers and the April elections. Anxious to place their candidates in oflice, political groups at the Square usually compromise with various sororities offering in return lor their support, a minor political position on their ticket to some member ol the sorority clique. The rivalry between sororities for these minor spots in student government is intense and each group attempts to place as many ol' its members in office as possible. Although the sorority members are a small minority at the Square, their political importance resides in the fact that they control the votes of the only 'organized group ol women at XV.S.C. Fundamentally social organizations, a number of sororities in recent years have how- ever, attempted to go beyond this basic func- tion. They have entered such activities as charitable undertakings, cultural projects and some even provide scholarships for deserving students. The Inner Circle 187 Beta Phi Alpha Prffsiderzl . Vice Prcsizlmzl . Treaszlrrfr . Iff'f'0l'I11-llg Sfffrflrrry C0r1'e5p0rm'1'r1g Seuefrzry Historia II . . 188 ins? OFFICERS . . . . KAY FLERI . . DORIS BRYAN . MARGARB1' NIULLIGAN . ELICNORE B. SHORR . Bl.-XRION SCI-IXVARZ Airlcpit NICCANN Mary Alconibrack . . . Virginia Ames . . . Dot Balderson . . . Mar- garet Blois . . . Doris Bryan . . . Elenore Bschorr . . . Lucille Chap- man . . . Kay Fleri . . . Laurctle Hess . . . Eleanor Johnson . . . -Ianel Kennedy . . . Irma Lombcrg .... Mice McCann . . . Helen 3IcGann . . . Margaret Mulligan . . . Marie Nanck . . . Evelyn Pasini . . . Florence Peck . . . Marion Schwarz . . . Dorothy Seubert . Pi Alpha Tau OFFICERS Clzmzccllor Social Clmirmrm Secretary Treasurer Grand Cozlnril RE1?!46S6IIlllfl'T'6 Eileen Batterman . . . Jeanne Benjamin . . . Rosetta Berlin . . Sylvia Boinstein . . . Florence Bram . . . Marjorie Cohen . . . Janet Gersten . . . Sylvia Greenstein . . . Rose Igstadter . . . Victory Kauf- nran . . . Frances Lindenbaum . , . Rose Litt . . . Helen Permut . . Jeanette Ratinet . . . Frances Reich . . . May Rose . . . Grace Rosenberg . . . Beatrice Sachs . . . Elaine Seed . . . Selma Tranner . . FRANCES LINDENBAIJRI M ELAINE SEED Fnxxcias REICH ARJORIE Col-IEN ELAINE SEED 110512 IGSTADTER 185 Phi Umega Pi President Vive Presizlenl Treasurer Secretary 190 OFFICERS . ADELINE RUSSELL MAGLONA CARNEGIE . ANNA BOLLAND Lols HOLM june Bird . . . Anna Bolland . . . Bess Byrne . . . Maglona Carnegie . . Elizabeth Casey '... Marjorie Clare . . . Marion Clayton . . Dorothy Frahm . . . Lydia Giglio . . . Louise Gunther . . . Vera Hamerle . . . Virginia Harris . . . Lois Holm . . . Clara jackowski . . . Margaret Korn . . . Emma Moellei '... Hazel Peterson . . Audrey Petrick . . . Bernice Quinn . . . Dorothy Quinn . . . Annette Roetting ...r 5 Xdeline Russell . . . Marion Hlagner . . Iota Alpha Pi OFFICERS Presiderzl . Vice Pwsiflerzf Serrelnry . Trezzsurer . . . Bi-Amzzml Rejzresenlnlive Viola Albert . . . Phoebe Astor . . . Elayne Berk . . . Patte Bogan . . . Evelyn Brenner . . . Alice Carthage . . . Bebe Dienner . . Edith Fox . . . Helen Fuchs ...l X rlene Goldstein . . . Adele Hart- man . . . Dorothy Rirseh . . . Alberta Miller . . . Anita Morgenstern . . . Evelyn Rothman . . . Estelle Siker . . . Ruth Spurn . . . Pearl Tannenbauni . . . Evelyn Tobaschnick . . . Estelle XVeisen . . Anita Mfeiss . . . Beatrice Wfeissman . . . Beverly Zihirsky' . . ALICE CARTHAGE . iXNIl'A NIORGENSTEIN . BLATRICE DIl'lNNliR . D0RorHY HIRSH . EVLLYN ROTHMAN 191 SHIRLEY CAESAR ELAINE HORXVl'l'Z mum, RO'l'HSl'ElN RAVELLA Hmsn NIARJORIE L0'1'H XHHCIKC Belnlelcl . Roselyn BCTIISIGIII Sllnlu Caesal Shnley F6111 Ins Fine . . . Blanche Fuednlan Leclle HlCSlgCT X R Hnsh Elaine Horwitz . . H01 tense Huebsh Helen Llebennan X131 ge Loth ...A X nita bIlLl1Cl50I1 Clane M1511 ln Ruth Plus . . . Charlotte Rossby Nlurlel ROIhSlClH Dolothx Snnlh . . Muriel Zinavox Lambda Gamma P111 HU' Q! OFFICERS C'l1a11L'ell0r . LAURA HAIMQRN Vive Clmncellor . SARA LIAMMER Secretary . LEAH Lukn Treasurer . . ETHEL ROSENISIZRF Ruth Altschul . . . Beatrice Cohan . . . Ida Driuel . . . Nettie Freedman . . . Miriam Greenberg . . . Laura Halpern . . . Sara Hannnei '... Anne Loseallo . . . Claire Lonclon . . . Leah Lurie . . . Edith Resnicow . . . Ethel Rosenberg . . . Eleanor Rosenfeld . . . Nathalie Seid . . . Marie Trapani . . . Jean Hleinstein . . Louise VVolman . . . 193 Phi Sigma Sigma OFFICERS Arrlzon . . . . AILIQYNIQ SUNSHINE Vive f'1n'l1or1 . lXIII.DRlilJ ll0SliNl5LUBI Reforzlfng Secrelnry . . I,oRRAINE XVEISS COI'J't'?.YlIIOI1I1f71g Secrelnry . . EVHEL SIMON Tremzmfr . . , . Es'ru1,Lu JOACHIM Rush Clmirmrm NIIRIAM XVEISS Rhoda .-Xrons . . . Naomi Basel . . . Doris Carlin . . . Gertrude Eekstein . . . Evelyn Elkin . . . Ruth Fisher . . . Sylvia Gins . . . Estelle -Ioaeliim . . . Gertrude Klepper . . . Marjorie Lubince . . 1 Ruth Mann . . . Helene Rosenberg . . . Mildred Rosenblum . . Riyfiillll Rosenstein . . . Ruth Shapiro . . . Libby Silbernian . . . Ethel Sinron . . . Alleyne Sunshine . . . Blanche Thallei '... Selma YVeidhorn . . . Lorraine Vleiss . . . Miriam YVeiss . . . Judith Shlelstein . . Charter Members of the New York University Pan-Hellenic Congress, 1920 Alpl1a Epsilo11 Pl1i Delta Pl1i Epsilo11 Beta Phi Epsilo11 foriginally Epsilon Sigmaj Iota Alpha Pi Alpl1a OI111Cfl'iJl1 Pi Qoriginally Lftllllbflll Phij Pi Alpha Tau Phi Sigma Sigma Theta Upsilon foriginally Psi Xi Omegaj Phi Omega Pi Qoriginally Sigma Sigma Omicronj Sigma Tan Delta l.an1hcla Gamma Phi AflllllifffdD6C'6I1II1l'?' 1924 Members Under the Constitution of 1926 Zeta Phi Adfrzilled Zllay 1926 Phi Chi Theta Arlnzilfed Ocfolmr 1932 Pl1i Tau Alpha Azlmiffed May 1936 Officers of the Pan-Hellenic Congress 1936-1937 Pl'6SiClCl1I-rixlllllil Epsilon Pl1i .........1, . ,,.i.,1.i,,. Elai11e Horwitz X'ice-P1'eside11t-Delta Pl1i Epsilon ,,... Pearl Jacobs Seciretary-Beta Pl1i Alpha .... ,...., X 'irginia Ames Treasurer-Iota Alpha Pi .... ..... . Anita lx'10I'gCl1SfC1'Il 1 Night Life . D 4' V. N WW no Nm . Ab 'Af 3 0 ' 4 ' 1 487' 1 - '14 an Y Qi IIA. a X3 fa fl in , hy 7 1 3 . 13 , .,A 'Six Q 5 Q 3 W ' '-. ' ' N5 ,swim ' A w Jaw ' 8 1 , QW, O , if ff Mr l J.f W i f . - 1 K 1 :ff ' gi ' H gy w K, K HHZEI E V V If xg , f s g E ', k V ,zlf , , I 'V f ' ,viaz Q V H, . 2 ,wmv A 41' 1 ! I Y K via V Y v X ff' 4 wwf W' Q OW av . 1 1 .N -X 5 ww ' 9' if f , 4 ' if ' W Jiri y 5 ,Lxb k 2 'ff M xii M.. gl In C 2 ff vQUf i5 2 ,,,,, 4 ' in 5- ' X is ,Fi M 1 Fall Frolic Chairmen Arthur Herman and llarolrl Rosen, with thci l'ron1-girls. ProliHc Bulletin editorials swayed an undecided Student Council in the early days of November to propose the sub- stitution of an all-University formal for the usually drab W'.S.C. Fall Frolic. With only the Heights refusing to par- ticipate in the Thanksgiving Eve Ball, the committee obu tained the Grand Ballroom of the Waltlorf-Astoria and engaged the orchestras of Will Osborne and Bunny Berrigan. One thousand couples, celebrating an unexpected victory over the eleven uiron menn of Fordham, attended the ball. A highly successful venture, financially and socially, the All-U formal set a ' ' precedent for similar affairs in the future. l' Playho ith A System Four ye uberance lioys with over. This different. ars of consistent ex- leaves most vollege nothing but u hang- playlmy, though, was During his four year frolic llilly Rosenberg never for- got that ll reeupitulation inevit- ably comes with every gradua- tion. Prom chairmanships, top- hat and tails, frolics anrl froliek- ing are not usually associated with the Day Org Comptroller- ship and the Sigma key. Hilly Rosenberg had them all. as Q M 2 92 W 5 Nw. , rl" ? KL If f M: 42553 I L?v,-: 3, ,, 4 Y J 4 Jf I I it , F . . , 'J' 1' M MM . Wi My My U! 95. M . , fi' n qwkf' . U4 4 if 3 lib. 0 i 'W "G av as , . Q 'T ,Q jg? ei mi K f if Q 2 2, .25 QR Q" jg: , 1, fa-' . gm M . K, .. W f SF. 'Q5ff'f1 Qxsuiw .. ws Hi, X 1 gi mil' :ff fy f U, ,kt X ,, ?ft1,,fr V H ,: - 5 X 41 M 3' fs Q' '.f Ji? -w fl' K k fy-'Q , - mis . : wif WK :Et5Q5siJ" K my .K ,kgswiz M. gamwsgmg , SK. s W M In Between Dances yr I f if BIG BLONDE Sylvia Marks played big blonde burlesque types in three Varsity Shows. Anrl she played thenl too well. Wllell Eclectic elections eanle in the Spring of '36, certain people forgot that the swaying hips, the off-color jokes that had audiences howling were lll0I't'ly part of her act. They forgot her hours of work on Bulletin, Varieties, the D.S., her winning the Sussman Memorial Medal for being the most valuable member of her Sophomore elassg her untiring entertainment efforts at class socials. They also forgot her 93 average. An All U Varsity Show An all-university affair for the first tilne, the annual pot pouri of gags, music, and dancing- solne good, some had-took place at the Man- hattan Opera House, ran for two nights, April 29, 30. Whipping the odd assortment of lna- terial and people into a linished show is a nerve racking task. It requires months of 4'hlue-pen- cilingf' refusing or rewriting offers of would-he- funny script writers, weeks of driving chorus memhcrs into some sort of unityg wholesale last minute revisions. Jesse Kimmelg he produced thx- show. Co-eds needed more than 10 easy lessons. Out of the Months of Varsity Show People . Dancers always tried to be different Publications gin' ga. 7 ew 2. ,, 36 M! 'i' Q? 1' if 6 Y 32 Q,,f""M Wu. n ,, A Kham, fY'f?'kw WH '-ww. 6 -f b 'lv Q 'av r,,p -Hr -up MQW vw, ,YEIUV ' Lb' T H yf 1, , fy 'MPM' Terse 208 Arthur R1-iser answers the av- vcpted description of what ai good nexsspaperman should he. Objective and efficient he gave to the columns of the Bulletin, balance and common sense, gain- ing for thc paper the respect of the sturlx-nt body. Never flashy, never sensational, the Bulletin, during the Reiser regime, both formed and mirrored student opinion. Punster, fire-engine chaser, cryptogram addict, he centered his activity on these and the Bulleling did a fine job on both. Jerome Brooks: ho edited this book. 20 . . C. Bulletin lt was with a sense ol' proprietv and in- itiative that journalism at XVashington Square College entered in September. l9f5fi. a period ol' activitv somewhat steadier and quieter than the hectic crusading of the '35-'36 Bzzllrlin editorial board. And, in its new tendencies, it swept from leftist leanings to a liberal consis- tencv in ailairs which con- cerned the student bodv: lore- going attempts to change a social svstem through its edi- torial columns, sponsoring several noteworthv achieve- ments, whimsicallv advising freshmen to "lie Kind to Up- perclassmen" and, following the Ohio State game, asking the football team to remem- ber that three years ol' defeats. not victories, put little Hobart College on the publicitv map. lVith the initial copv ol' the Bzzllclin, issued on Sep- tember 23, the paper scored a victorv over competitive sheets when it scooped the Univer- sity on the stand taken bv the Athletic Control Board over the question ol' student repre- sentation. Following a bitter battle waged bv all the down- town papers in the previous vear, which had culminated Caught in a quiet bit of copy reading is Editor Arthur Rei- ser. While below Arnold B. Horwitt, Managing Editor, 1936 semester invited two students to sit in on meetings. This partial concession was de- scribed hv l'rol'essor Philip O. Badger, chair- man of the BAL., as "an attempt to advance the student. viewpoint." Hailed bv observers as an attempt bv the Board ol Athletic Control to throw the pro- verbial "red herring" to dis- contented sources. the Bulle- lin, commenting editoriallv, asserted that allowing two representatives of the student bodv to meet with lacultv members ol' the Board was a highlv generous gesture. "Un- l'ortunat,elv," the editorial continued, "they will not be given a vote on that august bodv, but it is not lor us punv mortals to ques- tion the will ol' the gods. XVe congratulate the Board of Athletic Control on officially recognizing the existence of a student bodv, and look for- Q ward to the dav when its right l to regulate its own sports will ' be granted." Characteristical- lv enough, however, th e li. A. C. complacently disre- garded student sentiment and i the representatives onlv func- tion throughout the year was to attend athletic contests, sit- ting in choice seats provided in an open boycott ol' N.Y.U. basketball games at Madison Square Garden, the A. A. Board at its hrst session of the 210 dozes oil' while poring over Il fighting Bulletin editorial. The students in the hack- ground are alert reporters, waiting for assignments. through the courtesy of the Board. It was four issues later that the Bullfffizz came out in t l GABE GOLDSTEIN EDYTHE FEINBERG LEONARD FISCHMAN llc held Bulletin purse strings She was outnumbered, 4-1 llc chuckled, wrote, chuckled favor of the proposal to substitute an all- University formal for the antiquated lV.S.C. Fall Frofic and other similar formals held by the individual colleges of the University. XVhat was later to be hailed as the greatest social success of the season was bitterly opposed for a time at student council meetings "by a few opposition members whose objec- tions were apparently grounded in apathy rather than logic." The opposition melted in face of popular endorsement by the student body and plans were formulated to hire the grand Ballroom of the lValdorf- Astoria and engage a "name" band. Offi- cial approval and recognition of the All- U formal was given by the Student Council of the School of Commerce in full cognizanre of the financial responsi- bility which Commerce would have to share with other participating schools in the event of a deficit. All the other schools of the University, excepting the Heights College, expressed a complete willingness to cooperate, subject to no financial responsiblity. In an editorial titled "The Prospect Pleasesf' the Iizzflelin asserted: "The appeal which an all-University formal has for the students of N.Y.U. seems rather obvious and hardly needs any detailed analysis. The advantages of such a large scale financial and social venture are manifested in such features as a beautiful ballroom in a renowned hotel, a nationally famous orchestra, an opportunity to mingle with brother stu- dents from far-flung halls of the Univer- sity, and. above all, an occasion to share in that prestige which is peculiar to no single college of N.Y.U. but only to New York Universityfy Establishing a precedent for future affairs, the All-U formal's overwhelming success was acclaimed by the undergrad- uate newspapers. Following the unex- pected defeat of Fordham, the celebra- tion at the XValdorf-Astoria on Thanks- giving Night, was crowded with cele- brities. ln the interim, while the fight waged in the student council over the proposed all-University formal and while groups throughout the country were feeling the pulse of the nation preparing for the election day "I told you so," the Bulletin conducted its own straw poll at XVash- 21' 'fhe ALBUM was unable to discover what practically ev- erybody shown above was so happy about. ln jovial con- trast to the sober Managing Board shots Csee preceding pagej is this cross-section of the Associate Board, at work and at play. Assignment Ed- itor, Van Livadas Ctop left, seems inordinately pleased with his handiwork, as does Leon Rogow flower rightj giving us a reflective profile view. The other four gentle- men are probably swapping lewd jokes. ington Square College. The resulting figures gave Roosevelt 391 votes, two hundred more than that polled by Earl Browder, his leading rival. 'AAlf" Landon netted 56 votes, confirming the suspi- cions of a Bzzflelirz reporter who con- ducted a ntan-in-the-street interview pre- vious to the poll to discover whether the Republican existed at the Square. Nor- man Thomas, Socialist, trailed the pro- cession with a meagre 43 votes. Probably one of the ntost progres- sive achieveinents of the Bllff6fZ'll throughout the year was its support of the noteworthy effort to establish a co- operative bookstore at New York Uni- versity. Following the arrest in February 212 of four students charged with selling second-hand books on the University sidewalks without a license. a student ctonnnittee was formed to investigate the existing friction between the New York University Book store and the "profes- sionalu student booksellers. Connnenting on the situation the lizrllelin said: "Although we find scant basis upon which to sympathize with the student book speculator, we nevertheless recog- nize hint as a prominent aspect of an institution which is undeniably a student service. "The very existence of the 'curb ex- change' at the Square constitutes a re- Hection upon some weakness inherent in the 'used book' policy ol the Bookstore which renders that establishment less at- tractive to student patronage than its pavement pounding competitors." Suggesting that the Bookstore does not enjoy the student's confidence and pointing out that service charges on used books were unpopular and lower prices on the "curb" attracted buyers. the edi- torial asked lor the establislnnent ol a cooperative used-book inarket under the joint supervision of the Bookstore inan- agenient and the Student Council ol Xllashington Square College. The co- operative, which was to be student owned and operated on a non-proht pay- ing basis, was to become a fact -Iuly l, 1937, the beginning of the Bookstores fiscal year, following approval by the student councils ol the Schools of Coni- meree, Education, Law, and Xllashington Square College. These were the main issues pro- pounded in the columns of the Bulletin through the year. But ahnost hidden by the black headlines ol' the colunin- live stories was the everyday current of publicity, leature, and general news arti- cles, vital necessities to the life ol' a col- lege newspaper. lVith reportorial staff ol approximately forty 'inews-hounds" sifting in and Ollt ol the two room olhce on the third lloor South, the Bullelin was able to cover inost ol' the important club events, socials and lectures. Publicity, class, social and club in- terests hounded editors and reporters continually. Using extremes in attempts to continue a steady llow ol' printed inat- ter on class proins and socials, harassed reporters exploited topics varying lroni straight news about pronis, to stories headlined "Senior Ballers Certain to Make Eskiinos' Blood Boil?A-'Tis Said." An ingenious All-University lornial pub- licity manager, Arthur Goldberg, de- cided to confer MA. degrees QMaster of Arnuseinentsj on celebrities attending the allair. The story was good for two plugs: one, announcing the plan, the other, executive-chairman Arthur Her- ARTHUR KAPPLOW BERNIE GERSTNER HARRY SWIRSKY Above are the three artists who regularly illuminated the sports page of the Bulletirfs rugged prose. The be-halted youth is struggling to find several new adjectives with which to baffle his readers. At his left the two writers ogle the co-ed reporter in the Bulletin office. The more leeherous of the two is Arthur Kan- plow, who seems here to he enjoying his work. 213 21 1IlHIl'S reply to would-be critics. The latter story, a typi- cal publicity blurb, read in part: " 'Certain vulgar spiritsf and here Mr. Herman's eyes flashed indignantly, 'certain low palookas have spread the rumor that we are trying to get these distin- guished figures in order to nab ourselves some free enter- tainment. Nothing could be farther from the truth! We look upon the people we have chosen as outstanding representatives of the entertainment world, and seek to express as well as we can, the respect that students feel for their workf " Club publicity, which was a more legitimate type of news, did not entail the nerve wrecking activity of the social story. The stories appearing under the small heads reading "Christian Association Plans to Hold Social To- morrow" and "Lecture Tea by Book Clubn were cov- ered by reporters on their routine beats. A third type of' publicity was the continual effort made by school magazines to fill the liirllciin columns with advance notices of publication, deadline dates for material and general paeans of praise on the contents of their particular mag. These stories were usually done by members of the publications stall. Serious, silly, humorous, the editorial and news col- umns of the Bzfllclin covered a lot of ground. ln mid- semester it fought the McNaboe bill, which provided for an investigation of communism in American schools and colleges: in the latter part of October it asked for an in- vestigation of labor conditions at New York University, following the picketing of XVashington Square College by the Painters' Union who demanded a closed shop, in February and in the early spring the columns were filled with Sophomore, junior and Senior prom publicity. But in all its moods, it was most fascinating in its editorial whimsicality. An editorial on advice to fresh- men was refreshingly enough labelled "Be Kind to Up- perclassmenn and said: "The Square freshmen, unharried by Sophomore SOB SISTERS: In a Bulletin office famed for its virile men, the annual intrusion of the freshman sob sister at the begin- ning of the year is viewed not with alarm but with joy. Most of the girls, however, never stand the gaffg a few remain to become efficient reporters. They cover routine club affairs, attend socials with Bulletin editors and are generally handy at a typewriter. The co-ed usually does her best work on the business staff where there is always a constant demand for persons who can add and subtract correctly. tyrannies, identifying caps, or traditional discomforts, had been a more assertive soul than the yearlings at other colleges. Perhaps that is why there is always a patheti- cally sardonic note in the voice of old students answering the questions of straying freshmen. It's the sole privilege we retain, and one which lasts for less than a few weeks. XYe think that the only advice which we have lor the Class ol' '40 is that it be Kind to Upperclassmen. Alter all, someday you may be one yourself." Following the ignominious defeat of the Varsity football eleven at tl1e hands of Ohio State University the Bulletin cotnmented: "XVe cannot share these morose sentiments. XVe feel that there is a nation-wide distinction to be gained from a 60-0 defeat which no merely capable eleven can achieve. All over the country there are strong elevens winning football games - the phenomena is no longer news. N.Y.U. can learn a lesson front Hobart College, whose record of three years without a victory made that school known to the remotest hamlets. To win is merely hu- man'-to be shellacked, divine. "Despite the angry snarls coming from the sports desk, we wish to assure Coach Stevens and the football team that we are behind them every inch of the way. lt is a subtle sort. of fame that these boys are bringing us, but no one who has thrilled at the accounts of the track practice Ohio State enjoyed will deny its worth. XVe all remember the lesson ol' heroic little Hobart and appreciate the eleven's efforts to rival that school's ex- ploits. The Ohio State game is merely the first step along that iong and glorious road." In the news columns whimsicality also played its part. The passing ol' the old Commons was duly lamented and the new Commons reverentially hailed. Song con- tests received due publicity and a spelling bee between N.Y.U. males and Hunter College women, broadcast on a national hook-up over XVEAF, was carried for three issues. Throughout the year the Bulletin attempted to maintain a liberal, non-partisan attitude towards news events and in its editorial columns gave to Square stu- dents an opinion uniniluenced for the most part by per- sonal animosity. Its appcal was general and its circula- tion. unaffected by bi-weekly erusades, led the steady, normal life of a college newspaper. MANAGING BOARD Editor Arthur Reiser Associate Erlilor Leonard Fischman Alnzzaging Edilor t c Arnold Horwitt Btlsiness rllnnngcr Gabriel Goldstein B zrsimfss fl rl 1'l..S'f?I' Edythe Feinberg ASSO CIA TE HOA KD Sports Arthur liapplow ,'i.S'5fgII7IIl?Ill.Y Van Livadas Copy Alan Schoedel Lawrence Weinstein AIII10IlI1lI'7l16'HI5 Milton Allenson Rewrite Sidney L. Botvinik Arthur XYaldhorn Fen lu res Leon Rogow Adwertzsing Bernard Udell REPOR TERS Bella Shapiro Phil Shaps Esther Hariton Lucille Millstein Sidney Keller Charles Lazarus Charlotte Stein Arthur Pell Teaubulla Brewer Sylvia Baron Bert Bassuk Melisande Polon Shirley Becker Sylvia Ginsberg Burten Berman Arthur Kahn Saul Halfond Gene Spagnoli Herbert Fishbein Mirian Gruben Edna Miller Theodore Abrams Lenore Bloom Dorothy Chess Alack Cottin Shirley Gurensen Ruth YVolf Joseph Rechtschallen David Kaplowitz Lillian Bachrach Ruth Fredericks Naomi Slutzky 215 1 l Above, hundreds of faces swim before the edilor's eyesg below, Jerry Brooks ami Milton Fried hold a conference for spellbound Kenneth Gang. Standard of every ALBUM has al- ways been that "this ALBUM is going to be different." Not wishing to disturb an old Square tradition, the l937 ALBUM makes itself no exception, and pointing to its almost complete lack of group pictures, stubbornly declares that this ALBUM is different. The usual procedure in year-book-making is fairly simple and still widely accepted. The editors list every club, committee and society in school, and have them photographed as they sit on neatly arranged chairs trying their best to look pretty. These group shots are deftly distributed throughout the book, one to a page, each running over or under sev- eral hundred words of prose that is stimulat- 216 The 1937 Album ing only to the people in the picture. Add to this sixty or seventy pages ol senior pictures, and the editors of this typical yearbook start oft with a literary Frankenstein on their hands: several hundred stereotyped pages that are at best a poor imitation ol a telephone directory. Xthat the editors do from there on de- pends on the size of their book and the amount of money they have to play around with. For the last few years, though. ALBUM editors have been bothered by no such prob- lems as what to do with ALBUM after pay- ing the usual amenities to recognized organ- izations and school activities. Held to 272 pages by a rather limited budget, ALBUM editors have had little choice, have tried to make the best of a bad situation by tossing in a few trick pages and including enough divi- sions to make up a theme for the book. '1'hough its themes have varied, ALBUM, staying within the accepted bounds, has in- evitably remained the same: making no pre- tentions of giving an intimate picture of Mlashington Square College, it has offered nothing more than a Senior Section, stereo- typed write-ups of recognized school activities, and whatever art Work happened to be avail- able. '1'he result has not been surprising. For the last few years ALBUM, dying a slow death, has lived only by the grace of the few hundred seniors willing to put down three- fifty for the privilege of owning a large book that contains their picture. To the remain- ing 3700 or so students that populate lV.S.C., ALBUM has meant nothing. That is why we felt justified in our efforts to make this ALBUM of genuine interest to every Square student, whether he participated in extra-curricular activities or not. There were countless phases of Square life that had never been covered at all: stories, long unwritten, that begged for coverageg the park, the cafeteria, all the places and institutions that go to make up the big city campus that every Square student knows for four years. Our main problem was one of space. Certain formal-- ities had to be preserved. lVe couldn't cut out senior pic- tures, and we didn't have the heart to eliminate the honor societies, but we regarded nothing else as sacredg carefully measured our remaining pages from the viewpoint of the student body as a whole. The 1937 ALBUM is, in short, our effort to show you your college. Little magic is involved in the making of a yearbook. It takes people and it takes time, and ALBUM herein presents some of the many people who took the time: SF if :Xi SF Breezing in slightly punch-drunk from too many night shifts on Bulletin, Larry Xtleinstein brought two things to ALBUM: a hangover, plus an ability to turn out an amaz- ing amount -of copy in an amazingly brief time. The two were an interesting combination. The hangover by itself would have been cute, but not funny over any period of time. His ability to shake it off and tear through story after story was a constant source of pure joy to an ALBUM that always stood in desperate need of boys who could write an intelligible English sentence. Wlorking quietly, never complaining at spot assign- ments or the frequent necessity of staying down at school overnight to clean up this or that particular job, he made himself felt in every phase of ALBUMS production. His occasional punchiness was understandable, for with all his labors -on ALBUM he never stopped grinding out work for the Iiullelin. Always he remained a credit to both. Sk 3? 9? fl? Of all the detail work that goes into the making of a yearbook, the compiling of a Senior Section is one of those things that gets no attention at all when everything in it is in its proper place, yet it can practically bring down the Top to bottom: Mallet Fowler, Rewrite Editorg Sidney L. Bot- vonik, Circulation Managerg Leon Simon, Bouncerg Edward Bassuk, Production Associate. 217 l 218 building when a picture happens to be misplaced, or a name misspelled. Because Senior pictures aeeount for al- most one-third ol ALBUMS budget, ALBUM habitually looks at the sixty or seventy pages they fill as a necessary evil: hopes and prays that someone will turn up with enough patience to plod through the hundreds ol pictures the studio takes. check them carefully against names and reeords. To say that Ray Stolfman didn't know what he was getting into when he accepted the Senior Section assign- ment is taking nothing away lrom Ray Stollinang the boys spotted him a mile away and got him in a corner before he had a chance. Reconciling himsell' to the worst. he hit his lip and went on to give up one ol the best years ol' his lile to working on pictures ol' people who scarcely knew he existed. That the ALBUM olliee worked at all was due to the merciless drive. the peculiar type ol' insanity possessed by Jerry M'oll'e. ALBUM had seen screwy photographers in its time, but never one who allected a complete stall. Be- tween taking pictures and playing practical jokes, he lound time to wave a big whip over the heads of a terrilied stall. By some peculiar quirk ol personality he was unable to watch anyone doing nothing, and ahnost single handed he ended an old ALBUM tradition ol' idling until April. of turning out a complete book during linal exams. In taking pictures he was always ellicient. always polite, and always hilariously happy when he caught a dig- nified subject in an undignilied pose. A slave driver with others, he was unsparing ol himsell. He thought nothing ol' putting in twelve hour days: finished taking his pictures, he made it his business to stick with them until they ap- peared in print: he was interested in everything that went into the making ol' ALBUM. His practical jokes made him the terror ol third lloor South. and he was justly lanied lor his trick of placing year old issues ol' the lfllllffflill on the Bullrflin table in the main building. Annoyed Bzzllvtfzz men ahnost went him one better when they depantsed him and lelt hini stranded in the ALBUM oflice. But XVolle remained irrepressible. for which ALBUM thanks him. Top to bottom: Larry W'cinstein, Copy Erlitorg Raymond Stolz- man, Senior Section Editorg Erlythe Feinberg, Advertisingg Jerome Wolf, Photography. lt would be impossible to devote enough space to an exact, detailed description of just how Sidney L. Botvinick affected the ALBUM office. Front the moment he walked in the office, the seriousness with which he took his work was a constant source of annoyance to an ALBUM staff that fought desperately to retain its sense of humor. Fully conscious of the essential importance of his job as Circulation Manager, Sidney L. saw to it that the entire staff was similarly appreciative. And though they olten expressed their appreciation in four letter words, Sidney L. remained unabashedg went on to boost ALBUM sales to an unprecedented high. For which ALBUM takes an almost sadistic pleasure in thanking him. ALBUM has drawn its share of people who were un- ceasing in their offers of helpg has drawn. too, its share of brilliant students. In Manet Fowler it found a girl who combined both qualitiesg smilingly accepted every tough rewrite assignment that gathered dust in the editorial desk. She was consistently able to take a mass ol lacts. and put them into readable English. Drawing from a rich backgroundfher mother. founder and leader of a cultural group interested primarily in folk- music, Manet proved that culture could be synonymous with hard work, that hard work could be softened bv a rich sense of humor. For which ALBUM is properly thankful. Every fall at least one smooth-cheeked freshman timid- ly enters the ALBUM office, meekly asks whether he can work on the book. This year il was Kenneth Gang. And what a cynical bunch of Seniors did to him was a pity. From a boy who said "thank youl' every time he was given fifty words to type, he changed into a caustic individual of varied moods. For the sake of future ALBUMS this ALBUM is sorry, but ALBUM proudly points to the new Gang as perhaps its greatest gift to the Freshman Class: believes that some day Gang will thank ALBUM. ill: HX: ik 96 No publication that ever gets as far as first base is ever able to turn around without feeling grateful to all the people that cheered it on by a willingness to help around home plate. Perennially a mad-house, the ALBUM office Top to bottom: Mayer Franklin, Honor Societicsg Allc-yne Sun- shine, Co-ed Aetivityg Irwin Brooks, Art Editorg Jean Shotten, Assistant Circulation Manager. was always jammed to the ceiling by a large number of enthusiastic girls, most of whom were freslnnen. They made themselves help- ful in every conceivable manner, from do- U' ing essential detail work, to remembering to bring aspirin for boys with a continuous headache. For sweetness and light, for charm and for aspirin, ALBUM thanks the girls. gl Candid Photography In 1837, when Dagerrine's photographic process achieved some degree of practicability, a Well-known, and, at the time, esteemed French artist, Dauriet, proclaimed the end of his form of art. He stated that henceforth there would be no need for sculpture, no ne- cessity for paintingg that the photographer, the camera, and light would take the place of the artist, palette, and brushes. Dauriet made this statement because at the time most of the existing art was "record- ingf' art-it consisted of a straight recap- turing of the scene with no attempt by the art- ist of abstraction or interpretation, similar in many respects to the staid and somber gay- ninety photography. Candid photography, the crutch of this ALBUM, marked a dehnite transition in the 220 recording function of photography. Capturing the spirit of the moment became the function. Instead of a full view, hat in hand, serious face, or staged smile picture, candid photo- graphy captures the moods of individuals, tries to record the vast range of human emotions. It has been able to do this because of the speed of the cameras, their "obliviousness" to poor lighting conditions, and their diminu- tiveness, which allows them to act as a sort of uninvited spectator to an individuals behav- ior. Candid photography enabled this AL- BUM to fulhll part of its function. Hle were able to eliminate hundreds of group pictures and replace them by the more interesting in- formality that results when a picture is taken on the spur of the moment. - -ff - EKIIDIOT-III-Cllffff EROME BROOKS f1SSO!'Iflf6 Edilor MILTON FRI ED flssorfzzlzf Boorrl Colby LARRY YVEINSTEIN LEON SIMON RI'ZL'I4I.lI' MAN ET FOXVLER Slborls MCGILLICUDDY, Senior Szffliorz RAYMOND STOLZMAN Co-ed A clivily ALLEYNE SUNSHINE Prorluclion EDXYARD BASSUK JOSEPH DI GEMMA PlI0f0gVIlf7lI3' JEROME XVOLF Honor So1'ifflic.s' BIAYER FRANKLIN MILTON ALLENSON .Ilrlrzzlgwllmll ELSIE FRU MKIN Circ11IoI1'on SIDNEY L. BOTVONIK Arlverlisizzg EDYTHE FEINBERG A rl IRIVIN BROOKS Sczzljnlure MURIEL ALEXANDER Editorial C07Zf1'l.II1If0l'.S' LEON ROGOIY SYLVIA MARKS BERNARD GERSTNER ARNOLD B. HORXVITT JOSEPH HAUER STANLEY AUGUST LEONARD BERKOXYITZ JUDITH SHLEFSTEIN MANLEY STOLZMAN IVILFRED ROGOXY HARRY SXVIRSKY SIDNEY KELLER Ogice As.v0r1'nfr's KENNETH GANG HAZEL PETERSON SHIRLEY SCHENK JOAN REICH MELISANDE POLON LUCILLE MILLSTEIN SHIRLEY BECKER Sing Photographers AARON FINKELSTEIN MELVIN MILLSON Conlributing Phoiogrnjmers NATHAN KANTOR LAYVRENCE BLAUSTEIN Circulation, SMH IRVING KRONGELB TOBY BREYVER MATTHEYV XVALKER FRANCES LINDENBAU DAVID KLEINER JACK GILVARY NAOMI SLUTZKY LEONARD FOX ANDREXV CRANS 221 W rw arieties Although the managing board of l'1tric- lim was tnanned in 1936-'fi7 by Jerome Kantor, Seymour Reit, Bob Rosthal, Bob Osk- ner and Stuart Daniels, no one who watched the formation, the growth of the publication will ever associate ivIIl'Iif'ffl'.S' with anyone else but Fabian Pollachek. Founder of the maga- zine in his freshman year, Pollachek nurtured VlIl'f6ff!'.X' along lrom a mimeographed fresh- man sheet into a widely circulated downtown htnnor magazine. He voluntarily gave up the leadership in his senior year to edit The Col- lege ll'irlozu, a l'ni'icliz's on a larger scale de- signed for more than N.Y.U. audiences. There were times when Fabian's brain- child was ill-treated. It was given almost every conceivable descriptiongpornographic, sophomoric, juvenile, moronic, to mention a lew. But l!H'lI'f1I'S lived, IIlI'II'f1t'?.5' grew, Var- irflifcv sold, and as it flourished never once did S f, Fabian raise a serious voice in its defense. He knew it wasn't high-brow and he made no pretentious that it was. lhat was its big sel- ling point. The college 21lC it up and kept on eating it up. Emphasizing cartoons, flashy and often puzzling covers, "inside" stuff on campus poli- ticians, "daring" revelations on what went on during examintions, f'smooth" stories on col- lege proms, VIH'fI'f1Af'.S' under Pollachek blatant- ly answered its critics by the mnnber of copies he sold. Pollachek found the recipe for suc- cess. for sales, and even when he no longer .actively participated in the running of the magazine, the Pollachek formula insured the continuation of Vziiizflivs. Never claiming credit for l'ririclir's as a literary masterpiece, the credit Pollachek deserves is for a big job, well planned. well executed. SEYMOUR REIT He did Varieties, covers JERRY KANTOR STUART LESLIE DANIELS The editor had the last word Varieties' ace prose artist The '36-,37 managing board of Varieties presented a combination of artistic ability and slap-stick college humor. Into the production of the downtown center humor mag went the light touch of staff artists, the discriminating editing of the managing board and the hot, pulsing prose of their writers. 222 The "Squarew Critical-literary magazines have never been Hrmly entrenched in XVashington Square College, they have usually been the product of a clique, rather than genuine student pub- lications. Psuedo-Bohemian, esoteric writing has furnished their dominant themes. Articles have seldom been both profoundly critical and of general interest. A It was with an awareness of this history that the Square, a critical-literary quarterly. was evolved by XVilfred Rogow, its first editor. News stories in the Bullelin told of successive banishments from the Square of unrequited love, adolescency, and other traditional col- legiate literary ills. These announcements were met with approval, but with a growing impatience as release of the Hrst issue was con- tinually postpo-ned. For, despite the editor's avowed purpose of encouraging creative stu- dent literary endeavors, contributions of ac- ceptable merit were slow in coming in. The editors claimed that they had enough material for an issue early in the year, but preferred passing up publication dates to releasing a mediocre publication. The first issue finally appeared early in February, 1937, after the second semester had begun. The students and faculty were aston- ished to End that the Square was all it repre- sented itself to be. A columnist in the Bulletin called it tl1e most intelligent publication in school history, and the student body concurred in this opinion. The feature of the first issue was a critical survey of the School of Education, suggesting that "Instead of the familiar 'perstare et pra- estare,' the School of Education should have on its seal the Latin equivalent of 'We made the Crap Course into an institutionl' " The 224 The old c6Critic" was given a new nameg found a wider audience. conclusions of the article were based on such sound reasoning that some instructors in the School of Education took it into account in planning their procedures for the following term. An article 'on "Varielies and the College Myth" keenly analyzed the psychology of the Square student as influenced by his collegiate' environment. Other articles dealt with the former undergraduate idol, H. L. Mencken, and Professor Charles G. Shaw of "YVhistlers are Morons" fame. The Hve short stories dis- played a uniformly high literary merit. Read- ers were astounded by poetry which neither in- sulted their intelligence nor baffled their un- derstanding. Unlike 'other publications in the college, the Square appealed almost exclusively to the Hlashington Square College student. This, together with student memories of previous disappointments and competition by other publications, served to limit the circulation. Despite this, the success of Editor Rogow's ex- periment in collegiate publications established the Square as an important institution in the college. The W. . . "Review" Papa Gelfand of the Review. Born in the mind of a librarian who de- rives an almost indecent pleasure from seeing people read books, the Xllashington Square College lietficzu matured in one year into a publication that was read in places as lar as China and Belgium. And it was largely through the initiative of Morris Celland, li- brarian-in-charge ol' the Reserve Reading Room, that the magazine received the impe- tus necessary for its continued existence. In the latter part ol' '36, Mr. Gelfand, as chairman of the Browsing Room Committee, published a mimeographed volume edition of his report to the University on the activi- ties of the student reading rooin, which con- tained brief reviews of every book in the collection. Arousing a great deal ol' interest upon publication, the volume had a large number of student guest contributors and re- viewers. The success of the small volume induced him to begin formulating plans for a Brows- ing Room organ which would appear monthly and would treat books at greater length. XVith Leonard Berkowitz appointed editor, Mr. Gelfand brought his plan to Dean Loomis for a pat on the back. Commenting on the idea, Dean Loomis asserted: 'lYou have already proved the soundness ol' the startling, almost revolutionary, thought that college students are interested in books. 1 believe that the proposed Review will stim- ulate further interest and so not only justify its existence, but contribute significantly to the central purpose of XYashington Square College, which is to encourage students to make of themselves educated men and wom- en." It was in September, '37, that the lirst Review appeared lor lree distribution among the students. But with the publication of successive issues it became apparent that it could not maintain itself on advertising alone and would have to charge a nominal sum. Its reception outside the University was highly successful, libraries, publishers and in- dividuals sending in requests for the publica- tion lrom all parts ol' the globe. Rated by the YV. S. C. Library as one of its best ex- change items, the Iierwzu received critical ac- claim lroni publishers and in the columns of various trade gnagazines. But one ol' the greatest surprises of the year was not the sudden popularity of the Retfiezu but the excellent work done by Len- ny Berkowitz on the publication. Considered a student who possessed a great deal of ability, Lenny had never engaged in one activity long enough to show his talent. The positive evi- dence of his ability was, however, present in the pages ol' the Rettzczt' and in the remarkable job he accomplished as its editor. 22K filblllll prvsvnts tlw Rfwivws. Ui lllfmflllll That lin- YY 5.11. Rm-imp fiznfherl inlo an Hon IYI'0llliElI'll1'l' during lhv paw! vnllvga- yr-ar was rim- in llll small Ill1'ilNlll'4' to lhv Ig!'l7il'IlF.S fIi5l'0Y1'I'f nf joseph Di lL0lIllllll2 ,loam-ph Ui livlllllllllr willingm-as to work on lhe- Rvrieuu Turning out wuzxl vngrusings uf von- slzmlfjf improsing 4-xcm-llc-lim-. Di IQPIIIIIILI dc-lighh-el Rvzfimv rvzlfl- Q-rs, had I:l'l7i1'Nf 1-flilors lll'ZlI'lil'2liif rwcmuilig with joy. The wood engravings on these two pages represent several stages in his development. That Di Gemma is constantly experimenting, always seeking to improve his technique, can be seen by a comparison be- tween the print on the left, which was used as a cover for the January issue of the Review, and "The Riveter," on the right, which was done in March, expressly for Al.- Blfll. A Junior in N.Y.lf.'s School of Edu- cation, Mr. Di Gemma, at 27, is well on his way towards artistic recogni- tion. A New Yorker by birth, he at- tended Pratt lnstitute on a scholar- ship, was accepted by the Nletropoli- tan Museum of Art at the age of 24, with 8 prints in the perlnanent col- lection. The Astor-Lenox Collec- tion contains 20 Di Gemma prints in its permanent colleetiong he has painted lIll1l'Z'llS ill Radio City for the Italian Government, done por- traits of such notables as Motor Vehicle fl0IllllliS5l0ll0l' Ilarnett, and Anthony Drexel Biddle, Jr., U. S. Ambassador to Norway. f 1 cn, px '3 QM Jil' 1.1 52' 1 1' i l-,, Qnf 1 ff .1 ,QS :qi ,- es' 1, f YZVZJ xi! 7 -Q 1 An h' .- of wg 1.4 1 l , . ,a l I , fi 1 ' 'NYS Ai .I I ff, 51335 Mg J r ,.b it " ' , we Y ' ,A ' lf' A' .49 ' 4 K . Q Wg J' 2, A E! ' ,A ,iff . . gn. , b . -f gg", , X 'iii V v I 21, ' iT 'az 21' - 'A . . ' V 'wff 'l?' Q1 - R 1 . .7-Lg 3f',,v,!' A'?' - J . wr if , ,mf ' 31522 V 1 'fb -, J H- M-'fn N1 yy 1 ' jg ' ' f . 6. . " -' 'L 2, f :.j 92g,' , . V -'iz ?fge:w 3, Q IL f' ,Lx 54 Nj if V 0 , ,W . .. ,W Z I ,-: , - f --' 25 - - df af' " X Ljigg- ' s f ., -i w i f 5 H A K sk, A S , Sf '53 . Q. , -X. .' ' , I3 V 1 - L. , me 42 ' Tir fx: , f ,V4 L , . I an Q, t 'v r Q., 4' , 1,525-5 gf .,n,v,., in ,MV Av' K .v an 1 'QSO fi, L., fkfl A fj,bg,L V5 5, u,. iftvt '11 . M at ,V :Sf , gy ikva I a -. kn- if s W .,,,,,, .dw 2 Wal ,Qi ,W P 'f. . and the crowd mam: J' Realizing that no game ever saw 60 minutes of continuous roaring, ALBUM presents two phases of utime out" activity: above, one of the very many hot dogs of the grid yearg below, one of the very many bottles educators frowned on. Above, Ed Williams. Fullback and line crasher of the team. He averaged 5 yards each time his signal was called. Sunday school teacher. Below, a view of the Ohio State crowd, show- ing also the goal posts the Vi- olets never came near to. Pre-Fordham There was no overdisplay 'of exuberence or enthusiasm as New York Uniyersitys football athletes started the '36 season. The loss of the Fordham game the year before, spoiling an un- beaten record and ending Rose Bowl dreams, had brought the student body to the disquieting conclusion that mediocrity of opposition had accounted largely for the 1935 team's methodical slaughter of adversaries. This, plus loss ol the key members of the previous year's pass crazy eleven, Machlowitz, Siegal, Smith, the colorful King-Kong Klein, Mandell, and Hardy, as well as the ominous presence of Ohio State in the foreground of the '36 schedule, combined to make for anything but an attitude of con- fidence and cockiness. An early season interview with Coach Mal Stevens, starting his third season at the helm of the Violets, brought the informa- tion that: "The Violets have not abandoned the de-emphasized foot- ball policy. Our nine game schedule, the inclusion of two uname" newcomers, North Carolina and Ohio State, is not significant of any change. lt is my opinion that our boys are strong enough and big enough to take care of themselves and i don't think we'll he hurt by Ohio State. I think we'li still have the best passing al- tack in the city. Right now my line is green, but it shapes up as even better than last year's forward wall. My backfield is my main problem." Williams hits the Lafayette line. 230 lVhatever hopes were harbored by the N.Y.U. rooters were soon dispelled by an ignominious 60-0 defeat at the hands of Ohio State in a million dollar horseshoe stadium at Columbus, in a setback that hinted strongly of an inevitably dismal season. Ohio State, tutored by Coach Francis "Show Them No Mercy" Schmidt, had shared the Big Ten conference title with Minnesota the previous year. Aptly named the "Powerhouse," they were listed among the leading claimants for the mythical national championship. XVith seventy-hve thousand spectators on hand, the Violets presented a patch-quilt eleven with a center, O'Connell, pulling out from the line to do the punting. In the starting backheld were Mike Stelmach, whose passing failure, and dubious general- ship, proved the disappointment of the campaign, at quarter- back, Big Ed Williams, 6 feet 2 inches of bone-breaking line crasher at tl1e left half, Harold Shorten, like XYilliams, a sopho- more, at the other half, and Sal Somma, dependable blocker and place-kicker, starting his final season as fullback. In the line, red-headed Stan Sharp held the left end post: Swiaden took over Klein's place at left tackle, Perry Geffen held down the other tackle position. Barberi, whom Stevens considered as good as Fordhanils Franco, at left guard, Morchauscr at right guard, and Hall at the right flank completed the Violet line-up. A shaky and intensely nervous Violet aggregation found it- self a touchdown behind State at the end of the game's first play. Stelmach, standing on his own 22 after having run the kick-off back from the 7-yard stripe, threw a soft Hat pass into the hands Shorten runs back a Georgetown kick. Above, Howard Dunney. A third string end with a first string toe. His 50 yard aver- age, well-placed coffin kicks earned him the Madow Tro- phy in the Fordham game. The first linesman awarded the prize. Below 1 apprecia- tion of a good play. 231 Above, George Blomquist. Probably the most colorless man on the team. Also the most earnest and improved member in '36. Politician at the School of Commerce. Be- low, habit or circumstances? of McDonald, Ohio State fullback, who scurried untouched around right end for the tally. The Violets never recovered from the demoralizing effect of the interception. Ineffectual blocking, poor tackling, intercepted passes, impotent coverage by the ends on punts, and dismal punting, allowed Ohio State to parade its entire squad before the soon-bored assemblage. Only once, and that in the final quarter through a fifteen-yard penalty, did the Violets get as far as the home teams 20-yard stripe. For the few hundred students who made the sorrowful pilgrimage to Columbus there was only the cold comfort of having seen some hne ball players-of having seen "'1'ippy" Dye, "jumping Joe" X'Villiams, lVasylik, QThe latter averaging 19 yards a runj and Hamrick, huge left tackle. Stevens made three changes in his starting line-up for the P.M.C. game: Bob Hersh, veteran center, replaced O'Connellg Savarese, speedy, flashy line bucker replaced Williainsg and the veteran Perry Geffen, whose leg injury during the Buckeye "con- test" forced him to the sidelines and ended his college football career, was replaced by Blomquist. For two periods, against a heavy but inexperienced Cadet eleven, the Violets demonstrated the ineffectiveness of their attack-so noticeable in the previous game. In the second half, shelving their passing game, the Vio- lets called upon their superior power and scored four times, win- ning 26-0. Stelmach, soon after the start of the second half car- ried the ball 55 yards to the Cadet 10, from which point Savar- ese carted it over in two plays for the first score. Soon after this, the home team afforded the 5,000 in attendance another oppor- Shorten stops North Carolina back. 232 tunity to cheer when W'illiams scored on a latex al from Stelmach. l The huge negro, who proved the most consistant ground gainer i of the afternoon, ripped through right tackle for the third score. And in the final minutes of play, Dowd, who had taken over O'Connell's punting duties, contributed the final touchdown on a spinner through the center of the line. An undefeated North Carolina eleven, previously consid- ered as a possible Rose B-owl candidate, was dealt a severe blow in prestige as they retained their perfect status only by the failure of the usually reliable Somma to convert one extra point. The Violet-clad players, outplayed for three quarters and seemingly on their way to a second decisive defeat, staged a thrilling come- back in a hectic fourth period, and o11ly questionable quarter- backing by Stelmach and the failure by inches of a long desper- ate pass to Dave Littlefield, substitute end, in the final play of the game was to save a 14-13 victory for the fast-tiring Tarheels. Outrushed, -outpassed, and outcharged for three quarters, with another North Carolina touchdown in the offing in the final minutes of the third period, the Violets unexpectedly held and changed the entire tenor of the game. Dunney broke through to block Burnette's punt, and it was first and ten for the Violets in Tarheel territory. Bernie Bloom, whose accuracy of passing arm proved one of the more pleasing highlights of the game, 1 hurled a pass to Dunney for a touchdown. Somma, trying for what turned out to to convert the kick down the Tarheels be frustrated by an be the decisive point, was wide in his attempt . Two minutes following the N.Y.U. touch- were two yards from a third tally only to obdurate line, and N.Y.U. took the ball on Above, Andrew Barberi. Rated by Stevens as better than Fordham's "Block of Granite" Franco. Only linesman to ac- quit himself notably in the Ohio State game. Captain- elect of the 1937 team. Shorten and Harrell tackling Carolina back 233 Above, Cocky Bernie Bloom. Known for his bullet heaves. Rated by some as the best passer in the country. Below, dejected attitudes were very common, pre-Fordham. the two yard stripe. Dunney went deep into the end zone to punt. The Tarheels broke through the N.Y.U. line, forcing Dunney to run. The Violet punter and end carried the ball to the 15 yard stripe, from which point the drive for the second Violet touchdown started. XVith Bloom and Stehnach alternating as passers, the Tarheels were driven back to their own 17-yard stripe. Stelmach carried the ball over from the two yard line after North Carolina had been penalized for holding, and the extra point was kicked, to end N.Y.U.'s scoring. A long desperate forward pass into the end zone in the final quarter, caught by Hal Shorten after a seemingly impossible leap, earned the Violets a tie with Georgetown. The Hoyas, unde- feated and untied before the Stadium tilt, capitalized on a blocked punt for their only score. Hardy, Hoya center, break- ing through the defense, got in front of Dowd's kick, scooping up the ball, and ran thirty yards for the score. The Violets, slowed up all afternoon by the failure of their aerial game,4the Hoyas intercepting five passes--couldn't click at the proper moments after moving with speed and eclat, time and again, into Georgetown territory. The Violet score, when it came, was as unexpected as it was welcome. XVith Rocco Pauline calling sig- nals, Bloom faded back to the Hoya's 40 and lined a long low pass which the diminutive Shorten snatched from the hands of the two giant Hoya defenders. After the brilliant last quarter of the North Carolina game, the final score was a disappointment to those who thought that the Violets had at last found their "true" form. This was the second year Georgetown had impressed as a defensive unit, their line play featuring the contest. Stelmach hits Rutgers line. 234 A sub-par Lafayette eleven, coached for the first time by Ernie Nevers, former Stanford All-American, offered little op- position to the Violets at Yankee Stadium. The entire Violet squad participated in the unequal struggle, but, despite the in- sertion of the third stringers, Stevens was unable to keep the score to less than 48-0. N.Y.U. reached their peak for this game, displaying a running attack that boasted power and deception in making a higher total against the Leopards than either Colgate or Penn were able to score. Lafayette had only one chance to score and that came when they reached the N.Y.U. 30 yard line in the second quarter. They made three first downs to the Vio- let's 193 in rushing gained 58 yards to N.Y.U.'s 340: while N.Y.U. completed ll out of 19 passes. The 10,000 in attendance wit- nessed a smashing attack, with Stelmach entering the scoring column four timesg Edward Cella, flashy sophomore performer who turned out to be a promising triple-threat man, scoring twice, and Big Ed liVilliams once. Sal Somma booted four place- ments in this, the second triumph of the season for the Violets. A powerful Carnegie Tech eleven, that had distinguished itself commendably in a schedule that included Notre Dame, Michigan State, Holy Cross, Temple and Purdue, inflicted a ll-6 defeat upon the Violets. This was the Skibos' ninth appear- ance in New York, with N.Y.U. having Won 8 out of l0 meetings between the two schools. Despite the loss, the Violets, who once more displayed their tendency to score late, comported themselves in a respectable manner. Possessing neither the manpower nor the skill of the Skibos, the Violets averted a shut-out in the final play of the Stelmach stopped by Lafayette. Above, Phil Swiaden, 210 pound tackle and a consistent performer throughout the sea- son. Mentioned on Metropoli- tan All-American's. Below - proving that the crowd is sometimes as interesting as the athletes. 235 l Above, John Kenkicki Oki. First Japanese in the hislory of N.Y.U. sports. Too light to see any action, but made good publicity copy. Below - the score wasn't the only thing that rankletl this girl. game when Bernie Bloom shot a fiat pass to Savarese, who fell over the goal line for the score. The Skibos, because of an abundance of Hne sophomore ma- terial, were rated as a team whose only handicap was the green- ness of these same sophomores, who were still potentially better than the veterans. Harpster, Skibo coach, started his veteran ar- ray, and after 20 minutes of play inserted his "shock', team of sophomores. The Skibos were quick to capitalize on whatever breaks were afforded by N.Y.U.g a recovery of a fumble by Ed l'Villiams on the N.Y.U. 20 paving the way for the first score. The score might have easily been 28-6, for two Carnegie Tech touch- downs were called back, one after a run of 62 yards. For tl1e visitors, Jumping Gene Rosenthal, Napotnik, and Lehman starred. Coach Mal Stevens looked beyond the games with weak Rutgers and City College elevens, to the Fordham game. Rul- gers, whose gridiron star had waned in recent years, provided the Violets an opportunity to tincture their scoring ledger with 46 additional points before a slim gathering of 6,000 on the Polo Grounds. Held scoreless in the first quarter, the Violets un- leashed a 25 point scoring attack in the final quarter. Aerials and ground plays clicked with monotonous regularity. Savarese was credited with two touchdowns, while the remaining scores were divided among Y'Villiams, Fred Fiore, Milton Miller, and Shorten. Somma's conversions added three points. Despite the size of the score the Violets failed to impress the Fordham eleven, wl1o watched their performance. Bloom hit after throwing pass against Fordham. 236 A weak but not meek City College eleven, opened with an unexpected display of strength to score a touchdown and appear on its way towards registering an upset. ln the last half, how- ever, the Violets scored 19 points to break the tie while City failed to add to their total ol 7. Bloom contributed two touch- downs toward the Violet victory, while Shorten and Miller ac- counted for the other tallies. N.Y.U. had a wide edge in statis- tics, making 16 Hrst downs to City's 65 151 yards rushing against 112 by City and completing 14 passes out of 211 attempted, for 226 yards gained. The victory marked the seventh straight win over City and it was decided after the end of the season to dis- continue relationships until such a time when City got better on the gridirongor N.Y.U. Worse. The Violet regulars, expecting an easy Win-as-you-please game, had made arrangements to take in the Ifordham-Ge-orgia game at the Polo Grounds immediately after piling up a secure lead. Coach Stevens had left the direction of the team to his as- sistants and was already at the Grounds. At the end of the quar- ter one of the reporters approached Stevens saying: "The N.Y.U. score is 7-O." "XVhew," said Stevens, "1 thought we'd have more than that by now." "lVhat do mean, you'd have more than that?" grinned the scribe. "City's got the 7 pointsfl Coach Mal Stevens appeared shortly after this conversation at the Stadium. Extreme foreground-the ball too short for Violet receiver. Above, Fred Fiore. Potential- ly, one of the best backs on the team. Below, he took pic- tures of the Violets in action so that they could remedy their faults. His name is Winnik, and he"s a wealthy broker with photography as a hobby. 237 Fordham: Seniors waited four years, players all season. Four victories, one tie, and three defeats was the record which N.Y.U. brought with it to the Fordham game. Little hope was held for the Violet-clad players, except by a few who dimly recalled early-season potentialities which were never fulfilled in competition. Yet these defeats and failures helped to make the '36 season one of the most memor- able in Violet history, for the N.Y.U. gridders climbed the heights of sportdom, coming back from decided mediocrity to end the season with a totally unexpected glorious victory. It was Fordham the year before who broke the N.Y.U. Rose Bowl bubble with a smashing 21-0 triumph in the Hnal game of the seas-on. Then, a brutally strong Maroon line rushed Ed Smith's widely publicized passes and covered pass receivers so well all afternoon that the Violet went to pieces and never regained its composure again that day. In '36 N.Y.U. occupied the same under- dog position which Fordham had held the Durmey gets off a 50-yard punt. preceding Thanksgiving Day, but this time no one dared to assume that the thrice-beaten and once-tied Violet had any sort of a chance to penetrate Fordham's line, the nationally renowned "Seven Blocks of Granite." These seven amazing defensive linesmen had HOL had a touchdown scored on them all season-and even Pittsburgh, mighty Pitt, who beat Ohio State Qwinner over N.Y.U. by 60-0-Q Nebraska, and Notre Dame, and afterwards was to crush Hlashington in the Rose Bowl, could not move them. Wojechoweicz, Franco, and Pierce were All-American selections at center, tackle and guard respectively. WVhat chance had N.Y.U. against this team? Thanksgiving Day saw a beautiful Held and appropriate football weather at the Yan- kee Stadium. The gay holiday crowd turned out in full force-half to see Fordham go to the Rose Bowl, and half to hope for a Violet victory after eight long years of defeat. Fordham kicked off, and N.Y.U. imme- 238 diately displayed the tactics which were to bring about one of the major upsets of the year, for quarterback Milt Miller called for a quick-kick which rolled out of bounds on the Ram nine yard line. All afternoon Miller's flawless signal-calling and Dunney's amazing angled punts were the basis of the Hall of Fame offensive drive, with Savarese running and Bloom passing to victory. Time and again Dunney fwhose average for the game was 52 yards per kickj punted into the coffin corner to take the sting out of the Maroon offense. The Violet linesmen opened up holes for their runners through which a truck might have been driven. The Fordham outfit played as if it thought that it could score at will, but when it needed the points most, New York was un- yielding. Oscar Scarola at center, a fire-brand on the defense, backed up the line in an in- spiring manner for sixty minutes. Fordham runners would reach a hole in the line of scrimmage, or skirt the ends or tackles only to be hit by 170 pounds of dynamite. Harry Shorten was hardly less effective. Phil Swiadon, playing the left side of the line, made tackles on the left, on the right, and in the center of the field, and broke through to drag down the Ram passer twice, for losses of fifteen and eighteen yards. The reason for the victory was to be found in the spirit of the N.Y.U. men. Thus. when a clever lateral fooling both Franco and Pierce, took Savarese across from the two yard line for the score, and Somma made good the placement, the inspired Violet group fought successfully to repel all attempts which were made against its lead. Fordham scored a min- ute and a half before the end of the first half, but Palau's placement failed. The story of New York's victory was the story of courage and determintion. N.Y.U. made its touchdown the hard way-through the line. Fordham scored as the result of a break-a fumbled punt by Bloom. The final whistle blew amid the deafen- ing roar of the crowd. It was a tribute not only to the victory, but to the spirit of the players, to the unconquerable determination of the men who participated in the triumph, to Hne coaching and clever scouting-to every player on the squad for their spirit in coming back from a 60-0 defeat by Ohio State to a victory over a great Fordham team. Savarese receiving a lateral from Bloom: a play like this won for N.Y.U. 239 Basketball: The setting, Madison Square Garden . . . the crowd . . . the youth gazing in awed reverence at Coach Howard Cann, ALBUM feels, is symbolic of the growth of basket- ball: the transition from stuffy armories with their limited seating capacity to spa- cious indoor stadiums . . . the change from one paragraph sport to comlnander of headlines. This within three years' time. A big-time game in a big-time city. An ex-sport reporter, Ned Irish, turn- ing promoter, was the contriving genius hehind the transition. He took the hoop teams into the hig-time. But Ned Irish could have done nothing without the in- tense rivalries, the spectacular last minute rallies, the phenomenal shot-making that consistently attracted the metropolitan fans. Fleigal of City sinks one. lt takes live great 111611 to ntalae a great basketball teant. For three successive years, hye great 111e11 played i11 Violet unilortns, but in '36-'37 o11ly two ol' these, Milt Seliulntan Zllltl lry '1'erjesen, l'Clll3l11Cll. And even these reniaining two lost tl1e greatness that llllil Carried lllClIl to llle LOIJ ol' the nation's basketball heap. Thus, tl1e l93ti-1937 year marked just another basketball season for N.Y.U. On paper, tl1e Violets had quite a respet table record, but. i11 reality, tl1e Hlllg-IIHIIICU tea111s tl1ey Clll'0L1lllCl'Cil, such as Colgate, North Carolina, and others, presented sueh leeble opposition lll2ll tl1e 1llClll0Cl'lly ol their 1JCl'li0l'lll1iIlCCS rather ll121ll N.Y.U.'s good points were the laetors tl1at 2lCl'0lllliCCl for lllC winning llllllglll. Graduation, ineligibility, intluenza, Hllfl tl1e Cleorgetowa Hoyas, each played its part in destroying XVll3.l glllllllltfl' ol hope there was lor a cil1a1npionsl1ip season. To this could also be added tl1e lact that the supposedly talented crop ol' lil'CSlt1T1Cll lll'0lIl tl1e previous year had not produced one player of any marked ability. At the end ol' lllC 1935-36 season there was a general exodus lltbltl tl1e basketball ranks. Captain XVillie Rubenstein at1d 'iliing Kong" Klein received their degrees that June, tl1e Eighth XVonder later signing up H'llll tl1e pro-liootball Yankees, while Len Maitl- Cann rated Bernard Carni- vale, "the most improved ball player on the team." He played forward and scored the most points for the quin- tet. Basketball runs in his fainily. 211 Milt Schulman-he played ball. Captain of the 1936-37 team. Handicapped in his last year by illness. Included in any tabulation of the best three guards in the country. Shortest but liveliest member of the regulars. 242 Carnivale fights for ball. main continued on to medical school. Thus, the Violet was shorn of its most accurate shot-maker, its mightiest lighter, and its greatest all-around player. All that remained when the dust of the departed had cleared was Captain Milt Schulman, Irv Ter- jesen, and Irwin lYitty. But the last-named didn't remain very long. Before the N.Y.U. student body had got over the shock of seeing what was left of the basketball team, it was found that Nitty had been declared ineligible. As if that wasn't enough, Schulman and 'lerjesen caught in- fluenza just before the Georgetown game. As a result, although the two managed to struggle through the greater part of the con- test, their struggles were in vain, and Georgetown had the dis- tinction of breaking the second Yiolet winning streak in two years. Up to the time of the Georgetown demise, the streak had extended to three full games. At first, Coach Calm had had quite a .job getting together live men to lllll on the court, but by tl1e start of the season he had assembled a coordinated, though not brilliant, array in Terjesen, Schulman, Jerry Tarlow, Bernie Clarnevale, and Si Boardman. Tarlow and Carnevale had been drafted from the previous year's junior varsity, while Boardman had had his Hrst taste of varsity basketball when the Violets suffered their memorable tailspin in January, l936. Tarlow of N.Y.U. struggles for ball as Pat Kennedy, referee, gets excited. The season opened at the Heights Gym with an oddly as- sorted alumni group providing what opposition they could. As it was, it didn't amount to yery much, the varsity walking oli the court at the long end of a 118-25 score. Three days later the Saints from St. Francis threw a great scare into the hearts ol' Violet adherents by taking a I7-Ili lead at the end ol' the lirst hall, only to weaken in the closing minutes and lose out by a 29-25 margin. Captain Milt Schulman again set the pace, sinking four field goals and one foul to lead the scoring. N.Y.U.'s yictory was its thirty-liilth in a row on its home court. The two lollowing contests XV1Il1 Upsala and Cathedral re' sulted in easy one-sided victories lor the Hall ol' Famers. Upsala went down under a 46-I5 barrage, while Cathedral absorbed a 60-25 shellacking. ln each of these contests lrv Terjesen led the scoring, accounting lor twelye points in the Upsala contest, and establishing a modern N.Y.U. record in the Cathedral game by tapping a total ol twenty points into the basket. The Georgetown contest lound Schulman and Terjesen weak and ailing from a spell ol the llu, and although they kept the Violets in the battle while they were in the game, the moment they were removed the Hoyas sewed it up with a 10-point scoring t t Simon Boardman. A pleasant surprise in his first season as a regular. A good all-around performer with emphasis on his passing. Tall-story teller. His favorite is the time he played center against the guy so tall "that he had to wear an oxygen mask." 243 as Swedeli Terjesc-n, 6 ft... 3 in. center of the Violets. For two years Swede was overshadowed hv colorful Ikc- Klein. ln '36-,37, with lke gone., Ter- jeson came into undisputed possession of the center joh. 244 Terjesen missed the goal. splurge. Georgetown led at the half' by six points, and kept that margin till the end 'of the game, the finial seore being 48-12. Manhattan increased the Violet losing streak to two in a row, emerging a -f l-3-l victor in one of the roughest games ever played at tl1e Garden. N.Y.U. ctomnritted twenty personal fouls to eighteen for Manhattan, and six men were banished from the floor. It was a topsy-turvy affair. the lead changing nine times and the sctore heing tied on seven occasions. XVith their championship hopes blasted. the Violets, never- theless, primed themselves for the ctoming clash with Ohio State's Buckeyes. eager to avenge the humiliating defeat whicth the foot' hall team had suffered out in Columbus. But, though they fought valiantly, and for a time were in the lead, the more powerful lluekeye team rode home with a 39-32 victory. Although N.Y.U. led at the end of thc: first half, 23-lo, the Buckeyes suddenly Came to life at the start ol' the second section and reeled off' fifteen suc- cessive points before the Violets could break the run with a goal. .X belated rally in the closing minutes failed to stem the tide. Still reeling after three sueciessive defeats, the Hall of lfarners finally ciame to life a week later, defeating the North Carolina 'l'arheels at the Garden and taking over Colgate the next night at the Heights Gym. XVith Swede Terjesen hack on the courts Terjesen leaps high to sink il basket. after being confined with inlluenza the team performed beauti- fully in spots, beating back the Clarheels by a 37-30 seorei 'lhe Red Raiders from Colgate lell before the onrushing Violets by a much greater margin, Si Boardman contributing sixteen ol' N.Y.U.'s tallies in their -'12-27 victory. Returning to the eourts alter a two-week layoll due to exams, the New Yorkers stretched their winning streak to live straight, annihilating Brooklyn College by 311-Zl, St. .Iohn's 29-2l, and Rutgers 39-38. Following the Rutgers game the Violets lost three in a row. The Notre Dame game. held in the Garden lor the third time, and which threatened to take on a traditional flavor because of its popularity, saw the Violets go down to an overwhelming defeat. 32-26. The week following the defeat at the hands ol the Irish. Temple eked out a 36-33 victory. In the next game with Ford- ham the quintet was upset 31-19 for their most surprising defeat of the season. In the last game of the season, the traditional battle against City College, the Violets alternated brilliant shot-making and sloppy playing to spring a minor surprise against one of the strongest Holman teams in years. The score was 38-32 and made the season's record, ten victories against six defeats. Daniel Dowd. He and Tarlow were the better of the substi- tutes. A nervous type of hall player. The players called him "mommer's boy," be- cause of his baby-face. 245 Baseball: A Coach's Hair Grays Joe McCarthy's fifteenth anniversary as coach -of the N. Y. U. baseball team added gray hairs and deepened the lines in l1is long, drawn face. I-'or the 1936 season was the most topsy-turvy -Ioe experienced since he joined the Violets. The team started off with a bang, was lat- er thrown back with a long-echoing crash, and spent the remainder of the year turning back the most formidable of their opponents, especially those with long winning streaks, and losing to teams of low calibre. Their play was erratic, for the most part paralleling the achievements of the Pride of Flatbush, Brook- lyn's Daffy Dodgers. The lack of a pitcher who could go nine innings throttled the Violets' advance in 1936. Olfensively, the Violets presented a veri- table murderers rowfMoe Deutsch, slugging outhelder, Art Schoen, first baseman, and Lar- ry Lachman, shortstop, proved the doom of many an opposing pitcher. Alex XVeinstein, who started the season as a substitute outfield- er, poled out live hits in five times at bat in one game. In the Held the Violets performed smoothly, folding up only when they were hopelessly behind. Of a schedule that embraced nineteen games, N. Y. U. won nine losing eight, the other two contests being cancelled because of rain. Most notable among their victories was the defeat of L. I. U. after the Blackbirds had compiled a winning streak of eight games, and their defeat of Manhattan, who had pre- viously won eleven straight. 246 The Violets opened the season against the Alumni, turning back the grads by a 9-2 score. Fee, Atkinson, and Martin effectively scattered the six Alumni hits. A week later, Columbia fell before the arm of Mike Stelmach who annihilated them by a 19-5 margin. The Hall of Famers, taking advantage of the Lion hurlers wildness, added 21 hits to 12 passes. Stelmach allowed ten hits but kept these well scattered. Following the cancellation of a game with Brooklyn College, the Violets came through with a thrilling victory over St. Johns, quell- ing a ninth-inning uprising and winning out by an 8-7 score. Art Schoen, Violet first base- man, connected for a double, triple and a home run in four times at bat, as Frank Fee went the route for N. Y. U. In a return engagement with Columbia, the Lions avenged the defeat they had suffered at the hands of the Hall of Fame team two weeks previous, and handed N. Y. U. its first defeat of the season by a 6-fl margin. The Lions were outhit thirteen to eight, but they managed to bunch their hits driving Stel- mach and Martin from the mound, with Fee hnishing the ball game for N. Y. U. Frank Fee won his third game of the sea- son against Rutgers, the Violets outscoring the Scarlet 13-8. N. Y. U.'s murderer's row exploded in three innings, each time in clus- ters of four runs. Larry X'Veinstein, subbing for Nat Machlowitz helped himself to hve hits in five times at bat, one of them a home run, driving hve runs across the plate. The victory was New York's thirty-fourth in the 47th game of the series between the two teams which began in 1898. Scoring five runs in the seventh inning, the Violets lowered the prestige of the L. I. U. blackbirds and of their star hurler, Larry Burger wth a 7-2 victory. In doing so they broke an eight game winning streak the Black- birds had hoped to extend at the expense of the Violets. Manhattan, another team with champion- ship aspirations, nosed out tl1e Violets by a 7-6 count, collecting seventeen hits off Fee and Goldberg. Three days later, Fordham gave Violets a 21-2 shellacking. Four pitchers, Stelmach, Bush, Goldberg and Fee paraded before the Rams and were nicked for a com- bined total of twenty-IWO hits. It was Ford- ham's tenth straight victory. YVith Frank Fee on the mound, N. Y. U. once more broke into the win column, against Princeton. The hurler allowed but hve hits as the Hall of Famers connected ten times to defeat the Tigers by a 5-1 score. City College was the next victim, the Vi- olets producing their second scoring splurge of the season as they overwhelmed the Laven- der 12-6. Six City College hurlers were driven from the mound as the inspired Violets romped around the base paths climaxing the day's work with a six run rally in the fourth inning. Meeting Rutgers for the second time, the New Yorkers won this time by 7-6, winning the game in the eighth with Eve runs. Stel- mach and Goldberg divided the hurling du- ties for the Violets. N. Y. U. broke another winning streak when they defeated Manhattan in a tight pitcher's battle, 2-1. Avenging an early sea- son's defeat at the hands of the Kelly-Greens. the Violets connected for seven hits off the brilliant Blumette, stopping Manhattan streak at eleven. A wild throw in the eighth inning permitted Hieinstein to score with the win- ning run. Fordham provided an unhappy ending to the season by defeating the Violets 8-4 in the final game of the season. Al Gurske, Ram hurler, struck out thirteen men as his team- mates nabbed ten hits off Fee and Stelmach. The Rams scored hve 'of their runs in the last three innings. 247 Track: Square students seldom yet around and around New York University's track and field team experienced a lean year during the 1935- 36 indoor and outdoor season, in fact, no Violet track team in recent years performed as poorly collectively as did the runners that year. But, though Coach Emil Von Elling had hardly hoped for a great track team during the 1936-37 indoor season on the basis of tl1e previous year's team's efforts, the wearers of the Violet showed definite signs of improve- ment. VVhen questioned as to individual stars- in-the-making at the start of the season, the astute Von Elling pointed a proud finger at Edgar Stripling, then a sophomore, and freshman Milton Glass. The Violet mentor's prophetic words were more than carried out. Edgar Stripling, dividing his efforts between the quarter and half mile, bid fair to become the greatest middle-distance runner to ever wear a Violet uniform, and it was with justi- fication that Von Elling spoke of the lithe Stripling as a distinct probability for the Tokyo Olympics in 1940. Milton Class, champion schoolboy quar- ter-miler from Evander Childs High School, had unquestionably been headed for track greatness until his disastrous experience in the New York A. C. meet in Madison Square Garden the year before. Running anchor on the freshman one mile relay, Glass had crashed to the sharply banked Garden boards as he was going past Frank Slater of Fordham. Resulting had been a fractured leg which put Glass on the shelf for a year. 248 see them, they run. During the 1936 indoor campaign Xiolet victories were confined for the most part to relay events, with individual places coming few and far between. The Violet one mile quartet started clicking in the N. Y. A. C. meet, when Manny Krosney, Howard XVitl.ner, Sid Bern- stein, and Ed Stripling, running in that order, fought Manhattan's Fine team all the way to the tape to place second by two yards in a 3123.6 race. From this point on N. Y. U.'s relay progress was rapid, until the National A. A. U. Championships, when the Violet 1000 metre medley relay of Stripling, XVilliam Eis- enberg, Krosney, and Bernstein created a new world's indoor record of 21004, defeating the star-studded N. Y. Curb Exchange team of Hoffman, O'Su11ivan, Lamb, and Herbert by inches. From the Millrose A. A. games to the K. of C. meet, closing the indoor season, it was Stripling who was the paramount factor in keeping New York University in the write- ups. Hlhether competing before a packed house at Madison Square Carden or a hand- ful of disinterested spectators at a small armory meet, Stripling was in there digging away all the time-running one spectacu- lar race after another-more often than not doubling up in two events, running a quarter and half with little rest in between. In the 1936 N. Y. A. C. meet at the Gar- den, Milton Aronauer, 21 year old N. Y. U. senior, came through in fine style to win the James E. Sullivan 1,000 yard handicap run in 2:15.7, beating Manhattan's Joe Moclair. George Eiss pulled in third in the Bartow S. XVeeks handicap ,f1000" behind Blenderman and Hoolihan of Manhattan College. The indoor 1. C. A. A. A. A. Champion- ships saw N. Y. U. score the pitiful total of four points with the 3200 metre relay placing fourth and John Perry and George Eiss get- ting a Fifth in the 3000 and 1500 metre runs respectively. Eiss, who had run his event a quarter of an hour before competing on the 3200 metre relay, faded badly on the third leg and killed any chances the Violet might have had of garnering a Hrst place in championship competition. Here, once again, it was Eddy Strip1ing's great anchor effort that brought the Violets in fourth behind Penn State, Boston College, and Manhattan. Ed Tait and Sid Bernstein ran the hrst two legs of the relay. It was in this same 1. C. 4.A. meet that Manny Krosney, conceded a chance to win the 50 metre sprint, was shut out in his trial heat. The of C. meet, ringing down the cur- tain on the ndoor track season, wtnessed the N. Y. U. two mile foursome of Stripling, Bernstein, Eiss, and Tait beat Columbia, Fordham, and Manhattan to win in 7:54.7. The Penn Relays, highlight of the out- door season, was further evidence of the in- eptness of the N. Y. U. track outfit. The best the Violets could do was a second behind Manhattan in the 2900 meter distance medley relay. Bernstein, Eiss, Stripling, and Tait did the running in this event. A third place in the sprint medley was the sole other place the Violets gathered during the relay carnival. N. Y. U.'s efforts at the outdoor I.C.A.A. A.A. meet were negligible, but it was in the fourth annual Intercollegiate Metropolitan Championships held at Ohio Field, that the Violets turned in their sole exceptional team display of the year. N. Y. U. scored 45 points to Iinish behind Manhattan College for the team championship. The Violets gained seven firsts in the track and field com- petition. Arnoid Reiners took the broadjump with a leap of 21'1"g Ed Stripling ran a 1:56 half-mile to beat Howard Borck and Bill Ray of Manhattan, Manny Krosney ran a 10:3 hundred beating Jannell of Fordham, Cohen won the hammer throw with 150 feet 3 inchesg De Pietro took the discus with a twirl of 125 ft. in., and VVhitman vaulted 1l'10" to win the pole vault. During the 1937 indoor board campaign -as far as it has progressed at this writing- the Violets showed a distinct tendency towards reasserting the track supremacy that has been characteristic of New York University in the past. But a well-balanced squad was still lacking. The Violets were weak in all the field events with the possible exception of the shot put where a giant of a fellow named Brill had been getting the 16 pound ball out around 416 feet. The mile relay team of Manny Krosney, Howard X'Vittner, Curt Gid- dings, and Ed Stripling loomed as one of the finest teams in the East. Up at Boston these boys ran a 3225.4 race in which Stripling turned a 49.0 anchor quarter to nail Dart- mouth's famed John Hoffstetter at the tape after spotting him four yards at the touch- off. And when the 1938 SCHSOII rolls around, Coach Von Elling expects to be able to pit his mile relay, which will then be comprised of Jim Herbert, Negro Curb Exchange run- ner who has beaten everyone worth while in the invitation 600's and 500's at the Garden meets this winter and is enrolled as an N. Y. U. freshman, Milton Glass, who should be in top form by the outdoor season, Curt Gid- dings, burly Negro power-house who can turn in a 50 second quarter and a 1:57 half, and the dynamite kid-Ed Stripling, against the best in the country. There's a quartet that should be doing 3:20 or thereabouts with ease. 249 Two Personalities: Cunningham and Pastor Two young men, only remotely connected with N.Y.U., and performing under other banners, achieved national recognition for their accomplishments, and found Violet sports followers, during 1936-37, claiming them as their own. Une was Glenn Cunningham, who added to his laurels as Ameriea's foremost miler, the other, Bob Pastor, who stepped into the national spotlight by staying ten rounds in the same ring with the formidable Joe Louis. I Early in October a rumor circulated throughout the campus that Glenn Cunning- ham, the great miler, had registered at N.Y.U. A checkup revealed that the Kansan had en- rolled in the School of Physical Education as a candidate for a Ph.D. Glenn's studies however, did not interfere with his track en- gagements and he competed in eight meets, winning the mile run in six of them. His most notable achievements occurred at the Millrose Games, the Boston A. A. meet, and the Xftlanamaker mile, his time being clocked in Boston at 11:12. In the majority of his races, Glenn man- aged to beat the courageous Gene Venzke to the tape by a few yards. Despite his achievements, Glenn didn't belittle any of his opponents. He held Venzke, the most persistent of his rivals, in high es- teem, saying of him: "Gene is real good indoors. He's always consistent. You always know he's going to run a good race. San Romani? He's real good outdoors, but linds it hard to run in- doors. In fact, most runners Gnd it hard to get accustomed indoors." In the hundreds of races that Glenn en- gaged in, nobody managed to defeat him with- out being beaten in return. "l've lost ten or twelve races out ofil don't know-several hundredf' 250 II Bob Pastor left the School of Commerce at the end of his Sophomore year to devote his full time to professional fighting. The move was a wise one, for Bob, after engaging in over eighty bouts, the majority of which he won, managed to get a bout with Joe Louis. The Brown Bomber signed for the match expect- ing an easy workout, but it turned out to be very costly workout, the Detroit negro losing what little prestige he had regained in his comeback following the Schmeling knockout. The bout was ballyhooed by newspaper- men throughout the country with Pastor play- ing the role of decided underdog. At Hght time, the odds were at least 5-l against Pastor, few of the men 'fin the know" giving him a chance to survive four rounds. Aware of the fact that Bob was no match for the Bomber's deadly ammunition in a heads-up, aggressive hght, jimmy Johnston, Jr., his manager, instructed him to keep mov- ing all the time. Bob took his advice and stayed "on a bicycle," turning a boxing match into a marathon race. Although Louis was awarded the decision, his drawing power as a lighter diminished while Pastor's chances rose sharply and the possibility of a championship bout was not far off. After the light, both Bob and his manager He claimed getting a big kick every time he touched the Cinder path. To the Kansas miler, each race was of equal importance. Even in speaking of the Olympics he placed it in no undue regard but, in his Kansas accent, admitted that "it was nice." X'Vhen Glenn ran a record race, he usually knew it. "You can usually judge when you've broken a record. The last one4world's rec- ord-l broke was the Olympic 800 meter re- corded last summer in Berlin." Glenn came to N.Y.U. because there "was somebody he wanted to work under." Alter finishing the thesis he was working on, Glenn intended accepting a coaching job, thus auto- matically ending l1is career as an amateur. complained that the worst they should have gotten was a draw. "Yeh, in another live rounds I would have nailed him," Bob said, "and when I light him again, I will knock him out." "Yeh," Johnston, asserted, "Bob got nailed by a couple of tough punches, but you didn't see him folding upgnot Bob. Pastor has been knocked down only once in his career, and that was by Eddie Simms, who gave Louis a hell of a fight." Talking about his undergraduate days at N.Y.U., Bob was very modest of his feats on the gridiron. 'II remember scoring a touchdown or two. I like football well enough, but I like boxing 1nucl1 better. Professional boxing is much better than the amateur gamef, 251 Athlete 2 5, 2 Une of tllv fe-w conlrilbulions nl' 'W.S.C. lo Viola'-t sporls, Hugo Casin-llo's brilliance as il fcncer wcnl u long way toward "Squar- ing accounts." Fl:-xililc wrists, sharp eyes, sl:-auly lwrvvs 1 ill short, thc rcqnircmcnts for skill in fcncing--is Zl Cash-llo family lu-ritage, as noticcalrlc in thu fzlllicr, the couch of ilu- fencing sqnufl. as lllZlI'li1'1l in ,IHIIIPS Lus- le-llo, an younger brother, as it is in llugo himself. Castello was lntcrcollcgiatc foils champion for Iwo ycars. To round out his college- career, llngo adrlcrl thc- Slglllll ka-y lo his :nanny tropliicsg was om- of Sigmzfs two rcprcscn- laiivcs on the Discipline 1:0111- lIllllf'I'Q prcsiflcnl of Juslinian. Fencing Of late. traditionally strong. N. Y. U. maintained its high ranking in lencing circles, climaxing 1936 activities hy cap- turing the Three lYeapon Title at the ln- tercollegiates, held annually at the Hotel Commodore. The successful season was at- tributed, as so many distinctive seasons ol' the past had been, to Coach Castello. who since taking over the reins had never lailed to pre- sent a strong competitive squadg to the quality ol the material attracted to N. Y. U., over- coming what would ordinarily be a handicap --the lack ol' quantity. Of importance, also, in accounting lor the triumphs at the Intercollegiate and dur- ing the regular season, was the formation ol the "Castello Hierarchy" lirst manifested hy the prominent part Hugo Castello, son of the head coach displayed in leading the lencers. The continuation of the "Hierarchy" was as- sured when -Iames Castello, sophomore, he- came a regular in 1937. Hugo Castello, who ranks as one of the most skilled lencers ever to be connected with the Violets, was mainly responsible lor the annexation ol' the Iron Man Trophy, awarded to the team scoring the most points in foils competition, by winning the lntercollegiates foils championship lor the second time. Cas- tello was also a strong favorite to retain his title in the '37 lntercollegiates. The Yiolet star, fourth ranking player in the country in '36, was kept from appearing in the Olympics by an appendicitis operation alter he had al- ready qualified lor the squad. Teddy Gold, who together with Norman Lewis, the latter runner-up in the foils at the Intercollegiates for two years, captained the squad, added to the Violet team total by winning the lipee crown. Others prominent on the squad were Charlie Roberts, Milton Soroka, jack Ciorlin. Paul Kirchiner, and Paul Moss. The Intercollegiate team victory was a retaliation hy the Violets for the two de- feats sullered, l3-ll at the hands ol Navy and Army. During the regular season the Violet lencers trounced Columbia, City, St. -Iohns. and Rollins College. As ALBUM goes to press the l937 edi- tion ol the Violet lencers has already dis- patched Yale, St. Johns, Army, Columbia. The Yale victory was especially appropriate in that the Violets in recent years had superceded in prestige the Bulldogs, who until the rise ol' Nl Y. U., had with monotonous regularity squatted on top the fencing heap. Norman Lewis, co-captain of the feneers, and one of their mainstays. In 1936-37 he was National Junior Foils and Epee titleholrler. He was Class B champion in foils and epee at the Inlereollegiales in 1937. 253 Wimming Tl1e 1937 swimming team compiled its 1nost noteworthy season in years with Iive victories in evidence against one defeat. Ex- actly who in addition to the members of the squad "enjoyed" the compilation is a puzzling question. A stronger word than disinterest would have had to be found-even apathy wouldn't do-to describe the attitude of the "sporting populace" at the Square. College swimming meets have never been what might be called a "gallery sportu but adjudging from the interest, the only displayed encouragement the natators received was from coach and water boy. The coach of the swimmers was Francis P. N'Vall, mentor for ll years, and more familiarly associated with Square students in his capacity as head of the P. T. department and as Intramurals director. The water boy's name has escaped detection. Attributable for the student attitude was the lack of swimming facilities-a home pool in one of the downtown schools. The Park Central Pool was listed officially as the "grazing grounds" for the natators. The swimmers submerged four opponents before encountering a Rutgers tidal wave. 254 St. Francis, first victim went Lafayette, before a home crowd, swimming in "used second-hand' the Fordham Ram found its legs water travel, its horns unable to path, turning seasick by a 39-32 1 down 39-323 found itself water 45-26g too short for slice a water countg C. C. N. Y. found remaining in the Violet backwash unprofitable, 38-31. On February 20th the Violets brought their swimming trunks to New Brunswick only to hnd a 48-point Rutgers tidal wave, swirling over their 21. Four days later the Violets duplicated in miniature the Scarlet wave,-43 points to be exact-and left their opponents, Manhattan, with only 26. Prominent throughout the season for the Violets were Calitri in the 220-yard Free Styleg Herbert Glass in the 50-yard Free Styleg Philip Michel and Joe Lombardi in the Fancy Diveg Lorenzi Snyder and Robert Stack in the 150- yard back strokeg Henry Steinbass and Arthur -Iuskowitz in the 200-yard Breast strokeg Cali- tri in the 100-yard free style, and Lee Rosen- feld, Glass, Pferr, and Calitri in the 400-yard relay. C0-ed Sports Co-ed Sports Through the medium of these pages we extend to the greater mass of the co-ed body a censurious attitude, laid at their feet by virtue of the fact that they failed to take any advantage whatsoever of their privilege of competing in sports. To a lack of initiative may be attributed the somewhat woeful showing of existing women's teams this past year. Coming right down to it, it resulted from a lack of material which the respective coaches of womenls fenc- ing, swimming and hockey might have used to mold unbeatable combinations. Only a minute percentage of women en- rolled in the college indulged in their pre- rogative. These are to be lauded, however, insofar as they tried. They worked hard and were set-back more times than we of the Uni- versity, with our penchant for top-flight or- ganizations, like to think about. But they were in there all the time, fighting, hitting away with all they had, and if they lost more than they won, why they learned how to take defeat, one of the primary lessons of any game. And, at the same time, their record is something to be proud of, to look at with pride and delight because of the way they lost. Analysis of the records of women's sports this past year must go a great deal far- ther than merely a look at the columns de- noting victories and defeats. Following on this line of thought, let us consider women's field hockey. Basing the strength of the team on the better than good results obtained with last year's outfit ffour wins, three defeats and one tiej an extremely 256 tough schedule was mapped out for the lady shileleh wielders this season. The girls, however, failed to live up to expectations, their efforts resulting in one tie in six games. The tie game, too, came only at the end of this schedule. There it is. One loss after another, a season that would have discouraged any team. Yet, from the words of a constant observer, "the girls found teams with better training, more experience, but never gave up." Captained by Margaret Schlichting the women's field hockey team faced off against Rhode Island State College for their first con- test, with high hopes. The result of this game was a forerunner of what to expect in the others. A close los- ing score of 1-2 conveyed the sad news to Esther Foley, coach of the squad. In rapid succession the team met, and lost to Rhode Island State, l-25 Manhattanville, l-83 the Long Island Field Hockey Associa- tion, 0-5 Qtheir worst defeat, because they were blankedj 3 Connecticut State College, l-25 and, in a return match with Connecticut State, they bowed by the same score. At this point the women rallied for one supreme effort and in their last contest tied a very strong Fieldston team 0-0. Prominent in competition, and outstand- ing in spirit, throughout the season were Elizabeth Hynes, Florence Taub, Helena Mrveykowska, Grace O'Brien, Liby de las Casas, Gloren Haze, Doris Palmer, Gertrude Runcil, Caryl Beckwith, and Barbara Land- auer. Swimming That same fighting spirit, which was ex- pended without visible result by the field hockey squad, took greater effect in the case of wo1nen's varsity swimming. XVith but two meets left to be run off- one a return engagement with Posse College whom they have already beaten, and the other a dual meet with Penn Hall, the mermaids had acquired an excellent record thus far in t11e '37 season. Their second match of the season, a meet with Posse College, showed the only defeat suf- fered by the mermaids out of five dual meet- ings. Coached by Miss Francis Froatz, the lady natators defeated Hunter College, 35-18 in the opening session, only to be set back by Posse College, 16-39. In rapid succession, then, they set down Swathmore College, 36-21, Savage Institute, 29-243 and the Hunter College women, in a return engagement, 33-20. The squad consisted of Dorothy Lubin, 100 yard free-style entryg Constance Diemling and Lisette Jung in the 40-yard breast strokeg the Misses Haur and Betty Hecht, in the 40- yard free style, Constance Diemling, Lisette Jung in the 30-yard back strokeg Dot Lubin in the fancy dive, and Jean Pearle, Lisette Jung, Betty Hecht, and Dorothy Lubin in the relay. Fencing Coached by julia jones, the Violet lady D'Artagnans fulfilled, to some extent, expec- tations of a highly successful season. Up to press time they, like the Hall of Fame mer- maids, annexed four victories and one defeat, with two matches left. After these, the real test of Intercollegiate women's fencing re- mained-the Ninth Annual Intercollegiate Championships, which was to have taken place on the strips in the East Building, Hlash- ington Square. The Violet co-eds started their season by defeating the XVaverly Fencer's Club, 8-1. Brooklyn College went down next to the tune of 5-4. Cornell University was the next op- ponent to dance to the rhythm 'of the swiftly waving foils, wielded by the Violet swords- women. A break in this string, by the Salle d'armes Vince, who blanked Miss Jones' charges 9-0, was swiftly overcome by a New York University victory over XVagner C01- lege, 8-1. Dorothy Grimmelmann, Mary-Ann Har- ris and Simon Abbate Qwho took first place in the College Invitation Tournament last yearj were the top-flight fencers of the squad and were expected to take care that nothing stopped the Violet in the forthcoming compe- titions. 257 Doris Palmer, Basketball Captain. The Sports Department of N. Y. U.'s Bu- reau of Public Information tabulated women's basketball in a black bound book on whose cover was inscribed "Minor Sportsf' As far as 1937 coed basketball was concerned, the mourning cover was indeed appropriate, but even more fitting would have been the inscrip- tio11 in reference to basketball had the letters formed-A'Lost Sports".-or even-'fXVhy Men- tion itf' It hadn't always been so of course. The preceding yeargmore markedly, two years pre- vious-the N. Y. U. coed sextet had proudly displayed a mounting victory string and de- 258 Basketball servingly was receiving both attention and plaudits. But then, perhaps, the writer is too critical-too expectant. Certainly by all popu- lar beliefs, consistency and the maintenance of a high standard is not usually associated with the fairer and frailer sex-yes, this XVAS writ- ten by a man-and perhaps there was no rea- son to expect a disportment by the coeds in keeping with the record of the previous strong sextets. As the ALBUM goes to press, live games remain for the sextet. Judging by the four de- feats and the lone victory the "press datel' is perhaps very fortunate. lt might have been even more fortunate had the deadline been before the start of the basketball season. Then we might have been able to say nice things about the coeds-you see we would have liked to pay them compliments. To get the painful part of this tabulation over:-St. Johns College 43-155 Rider College 18-145 Upsala College 8-7. And now the victory. Let us dwell on the welcome relief-allow ourselves to live over again the stirring spectacle. The opposi- tion-Hafstra College. Against spirited op- position the coeds flashed a brilliant perform- ance in which Misses Blum, left forwardg Rus- so, right forwardg Beckwith, centerg Hanf, side center, Schlickting, left guardg -lung, right guard, and subs Diamond and Dolon partici- pated. You see we are really trying to be flatter- ing to the co-eds. Imagine, for a moment, someone else writing this story. Another individual might have mentioned the fact that Hafstra College placed a coed basketball team on the Field for the first time. W'hy that might have taken away from the one bright spot of the coeds activities. Versatile It would ll0l be stretching the point to say that Margaret Svhlivling was co-4-tl sports. One of the outstanding girl athletes in history. the only limit to her versatility was the llllIlllJl'l' of sports played at N.Y.lI. She 1-aptainerl the hm-key and lm-nnis teams ami also was the star performer of the co-4-tl lraskvtllall team. That she possessed something IIIUFK' than alhletit' ability waa 1-Situ-c-rl by her A-levlion tu Eels-1'tit'. 259 if D E1 X 3 A League of 1Yomen . 124 Administration . . 10, 11 M A6SCl6piHd . . - - 42 Modern Chemistry . . 37-39 ALBUM . - - A 215-2211 Mr. Gallatin's Hobby . 166 A111113 13195111111 P111 - - 192 Museum of Living Art . 166-171 Alpha Kappa Delta . . 146 A.S.U ...... , 182 Night Life U U U U 200 B . , P Beta Lambda Sigma . . . 110 1,anUHcHCUUiC Council U 195 Igascball . . . . . Iyhi cjlncga Basketball ' U "" 240'24f', 251 Past Year in Literature . 212, 33 Beta Lambda Sigma ..... 140 Phi Beta Kappa 1313 By Grace ol' the Park Commission . 152 Phi Sigma qigma 1 i i IQ! C Philosophv Todav . 32 33 Caducean . . . 145 Pi Alpha Tau U 189 Lhoius and Olchestia . , 118 Pi Mu Epsilon U U 138 Clubs ...... . 174 Pgi Chi H1 Commons: N.Y.U. Junction . . 156 publicalimis 'U U U ' 210 D Dedication . . . . 6 , , . , R U F Delta Phi Alpha U U H8 Recent Irends in Literature . 16, 11 Dramatic Society . . . 176 S E Seniors: An Evaluation of a Class . 44 Eclectic .... . 134 Senior Ballot ..... . 46 Economic Trend . 21-23 Senior Pictures . 46-112 Eta Sigma Phi . . . 139 Sigma Report . 136 F Soph . . , 116 Faculty . . . 12-31 Sororities . 186, 187-227 Fall Frolic 198 Social Sciences . . . 20, 21 Fauchardian . 147 5130115 ---- - 230 Fencing U U U 253 Square ..... . 224 Field of Physics U 28U QQ Square Economics Society . . 144 Ffyotball U U U U 230,240 Student Government . . 120 Fm- vyomcn Qnly U 152 Student Council . . . 122 For Men Only . . 163 Sl11'vf2y Of Psyclwlvgy - 33-36 Fofdhalu U U U S1V1lllHl1llg .... . 1 Fraternities . . 184 T F1-Osh , , U , 117 Tau Kappa Alpha . . 137 G Teachers Union .... . 40 Glory That 1N'as The Herald . . 155 Track """' ' 248 Green Room Socials U U U U 160 Two Personalities: Cunningham H and Pastor .... 250 Historical Society . . . 149 U Honor Societies . . 130149 Upperclass Counsellors . . 128 I V Iota Alpha Pi . . . . 191 Vafsifl' Show - - - ' 205 J Vrlrielizfs . . . 222 Junior Class . . . . 114 Varsity Debate ' ' ' 180 Ulustinian . . . . 145 VV L 1V.S.C. Bullclin . 210-215 Lambda Gamma Phi . . 193 lV-S'C- Rfilww ' 220 Advertisements THE MOST POWERFUL MAN IN AMERICA' Wlho is he? You and I. Our friends. Our neighbors. ln other words. Mr. Average Citizen! The only trouble is, he fre- quently fails to realize his own strength. He allows himself to be bullied. led. and tricked, and when he realizes it, is inclined to say: "But what can I do about it F" Take. for instance, this absurd business of war. He doesn't want war. He doesn't want to give up his job, leave his wife and young- sters. live like an animal in trenches and be .vlzof at like an animal by Average Citizens of another country. Yet he docs all this. He Fights wars created by Far-From-Aver- age Citizens who do not give up their jobs. do not leave their wives and youngsters, do not get shot at. Peace is something to light for: war is something to iight against. So, Mr. Average Citizen, wield that tremendous power of yours! Let jingoistic politicians, big-navy lobbies, war- fomenting papers. feel the might of your wrath. What To Do About It Today with talk of another war h e a r d everywhere, Americans must stand firm in their determin- ation that the folly of 1914-1918 shall not occur again. Yllorld ljeaceways, a non-profit organiza- tion for public enlightemnent on international attairs, feels that in- telligent enforts can and must be made toward a secure peace. To this end you can do your share to build up a strong public opinion against war. XVrite today to XYorld Peaceways, lO3 Vark Avenue. New York City. Be ore this picture was taken . . . the young lady was sible to cilioose the exact pose and expression slie had always wanted in her pliotogrziplrl Sounds imiredible . . . ifs true. An Zll'l'Z1llgCll1Cl1t of niirrors ill our Mirror-Clzlnierzi enables you to see yourself us llre cznnerzi sees you . . . while you're being pliotogrziphecl. You're relaxed . . . ctonlpletely :it ease . . . :is you choose your own best poses and expressions with the help ol' our expert photographer! Try Photolleflex Mirror - Camera Prices from 315 the Dozen N0 Appointment Needed PholoReHex Mirror-Camera Studio . . Fifth Floor .... Fashion Store Official Photographer to the 1937 Album I E New York ODE An N.Y.l'. "Stucle" philosophic11l Hz1d ll yen to do things phi1togrz1pl1ica1l But he thought, with El sigh, "Gosh, the prices are high." Henceghe let his deeds be rztther lHy'llliC2ll. But one day' on his stroll C'tlllStllllll0l1lll. His eyes opened in niztnner drzuuztticztl As he czuue to 21 stop A-Xt the sign FOTOSHOI' Such reductions it1 prices were drz1sticz1ll Theres 21 1H0l'2ll lor z1ll in this orziclef Il' you care for the things 1JllOI0g1'2llDlliC2ll Une Three Six-XVest4Three Two Hz1s equipment for you At costs whicli YOU'I,l, FIND ECONOMICAXI.. FOTOSHUP Ulffics 3 f'0ml9lClC line lt' you own or 2ll'C interested in pur- of supplies for both 'Still' and 'Blo- tion' picture phot0gr:1phy'. Here y y y A I y I tion pictures . . . at visit to POTO- you 11111 purchase your picture mank- . I . . W Q SHOI' will convince you of the 1'C2ll ing supphes-either neu or used- ' l12ll'g2llllS 0lll2llll1llJlC. clutsing 11 czuuerzt for 'Still' or 'Klo- :tt uuusuztlly' ztttrztctive prices, We mztiutziiu :tn up-to-date FILNI LIBRARY stocked with thousztnds ol' reels ol' feature pictures, comedies. cz1rtoons. Westerns zuul educzttiouuls :tt low rental rztles. Hours ol' enioyzihle entertstiument lor you. your lzuuily :incl your friends. FOTOSHUP, Inc. 136 WEST 32nd STREET NEW YORK, N. Y SENIORS! Vvhen you look hack at 1957, you Wilt want to say that you attended your Senior Week .... You will want to remember Nlonolay, June 7-a theatre party. Tuesday, June 8,-Class Night: at the A.VV.A. Playhouse, with dancing and Varsity Show enter- tainmenl. Friday, June 11,-a Boat Ride: moonlight on the Hudson, and everything. Saturday, June 12-fthe Senior Ball: at the Col- onnades Room of the Essex House, with music hy Nat Branctwyne and his Orches- tra. Sfllflfllf Lounge, IVIIS11I'llgfOlI Square NEW YGRK UNIVERSITY BOOKSTORES and CCMMCNS IVASHINGTON SQUARE UYIVFRSITY HEIGHTS TRINITY PIACE II? University Departments Operated for Your Convenience A CORNER OF OUR MODERN PRESSROOM T T The Comet Press is proud of the pressroom which, like the plant as a whole, utilizes all the advantages of modern engineering science. The extension delivery presses, the special clark rooms, the glass-lined Walls, are indicative of the organizations progres- sive spirit. The modern plant plus a college trained personnel and a cooperative attitude has made us one of the outstanding printers of school and college annuals. THE COMET PRESS, Inc. ONE JUNIUS STREET BROOKLYN, NEW YORK Telephone Dlckens 6-7900 65 ACKNOXVLEIJGEMENTS Dr. Robert B. Dow, Faculty Comptroller, for taking care ol AL- BUMls hnances. Samuel Chernoble and Sylvia Rosen of the Cornet Press, for the genuine interest they displayed in ALBUM's welfare. Mr. Kirker of Photo-Reflex, Mr. Hleyersberg of john vV3I13.11l21lCC1'YS Photo-Reflex Studio, and all the Photo-Reflex girls, for courteous, efficient service. Harcourt, Brace and Co., for the photograph ol Lincoln Steffens used in the publications divider. George Sheibler, of the Bureau of Public Information, for making his files and morgue available to the ALBUM sports staff. Claire Kavanaugh, and the Student Activities Office, for their coa operation in ALBUM's irregular requests for permits. Mr. Cohen of Acme, for the photograph on page 119, and Keystone Views, for the photograph on page 13, and for the photograph of Glenn Cunningham. .lack Gilvary, Matthew X'Valker, and Andrew Crans, for their re- straining influence on third floor South. Harcourt Brace and Co., for the photograph ol Lincoln Steflens used in the publications divider. THIS YOLIWIE I-IAS BEEN SET ON THE I.INOTYl'E IN ISASKERYILLE. CIAPTIONS AND HEADS ARE BODONI BOLD FACE. THE PAPER IS mo-I.B. GLOSS XYHITE COATED. THE ENDPAPERS HAYE BEEN PRINTED FROXI A HAI,F'I'ONE I'I,A'I'E DESIGNED BY A NIENIISER OF THE STAFF. THE COVER IS NATIFRAL SHANTITNG. 'THE EDITION I-IAS IIEEN SET IN TYPE AND PRINTED AT THE PLANT OF THE KIONII-fl' PRESS, INC., BROOKLYN, N. Y. Wo fw- MQW x ,X ,- 4 sw 5 ,aw Sv -UVB 1 X 'Y-F. 512 , Egg f 55,1 Y 5 , -W A... . , ML.,- 1' Q . ., ,, 9 v Y Vi5i'0VWfV242?'ff'W Xi? fx. 'Aff ,mff-x . - .www -r3.Mf,Q,w.,,5if mg


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NYU Washington Square College - Album Yearbook (New York, NY) online yearbook collection, 1933 Edition, Page 1

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