NYU Washington Square College - Album Yearbook (New York, NY)
- Class of 1937
Page 1 of 278
Pages 6 - 7
Pages 10 - 11
Pages 14 - 15
Pages 8 - 9
Pages 12 - 13
Pages 16 - 17
Text from Pages 1 - 278 of the 1937 volume:
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TO TIIOSE STUDENTS AND FACULTY
IVHOSE DEVELOPING SOCIAL AND POLIT-
ICAL CONSCIOUSNESS IS BRINGING THE
UNIVERSITY OF TODAY INTO THE VAN-
GUARD OF PROGRESSIVE ACTION, IVE
DEDICATE THIS BOOK.
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THE DEAN ATE . . .
. . . and was gllvrl of honor at approximately lws-nly flll.l.l'l'l'lll ban-
quf-ls during the past vollegv yi-ar. Tha- iial variml l.l'0lll il flinnor of
thc New York lfniu-rsity Alumni Club of New ,li-rsf-y . . . to the
Evening Alumni 0r,L:anizaliun's UllI'i5llllilS flilllli'I' . . . to thu Bullvtinns
annual fvasl. ALlll7lVl lakes ils hat off In Liberal, avlive D1-an llflillon
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Gentlemen of the
H. HAROLD .-XXXVORTHY, Ph.D.
Clmirmnzz of llze CUlIHl'lY.ffK?E? on Slzlflcrzl Affairs
ALEXANDER BALTZLY, AAI.
JOSEPH RICHARD TOVEN, A.M.
Asszfslnnl S1'1'rclm'y and Ilircclor of Aflvisemcnl
1-'RANK HOXYLAND MCCLOSKEY, Pl1.D.
HERMAN M. PARTRIDGE, BLS., I'h.D.
flssisinnf I0 1116 Dann
ROBERT BRUCE DOXV, Ph.D.
CHARLES PATRICK BARRY, BS., LL.M.
RUDOLF KAGEY, Ph.D.
,ixsislrrzzl In lim Dean
XVILLIANI CARUTH Mzu:'1'AYI5H, 15.8, AAI.
.-Irlwisffz' I0 Cfnllrgr'-Jlcflicfll and College-Ilwzlnl SfI1l1K7IIf.S
CHARLES RAYMOND HIELD, A.M.
X. Y. .-I. A1ln1ini.vlmlm'for l'Vn.vl1ingI011 Sqzmn' Collcgf:
The F aeulty
With Some of Their Comments on Recent Trends
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XLLSOX ITREIDI-IRICZIQ ,YDKINS ,Xl.IiXAXIJliR 1. .Xl.I.l-1X WIILAXRD E. ATKINS
,ls.vi.1n111fA1J1'r1y'w11.1m' Uf1'JIlg'H.YlI I11st1'11f'!m'1'11 fffIl'IlIi5U'Y Profcxxor of Et'l?IItIllIffS, Clzairmfm of 1
-X-Bu I-Ylllily 181202 .Y-NIH ,l'l'illi1Y- 1921i BS.. B111L11vll. 1922: .Y.NI., fzibllllllbill. 11125: jmllrlzzfrzl
I'h'D-- YUM- 1925 D,D,S,. X1-11 York lvl1iYCI'SilY. Ifjfil I'h.B.. Chicago, 10145 A.M., Albion, 1916
AIJCXQYNDER B.XI.TlI,Y WIILIABI NI. BAYRLOW MARY ICLIZABETH ISARNICILE
P1'of1's.sor of llixlory, flssixtanl 1211111 of lim Cul- Professor of Sjmnislz, Cllllfflllllll of Spanish Dv' Ilzslrurrlor in English
Ifvgw parfnzwzl A.B.. Broxvn, 1913
A.lE..Ha1'vz111l. 19123 AAL, HilI'Y'2lI'CI. 1913. AB., New York I,Tll1YCl'SiIY, IQISQ AAI.. X1-11'
York lvl1iYl'I'iilY, 1923 ' 1
I.Ol'lS BARON ISRAICI, IYYROXVAY .YNIDRI-I A. BLLYITBIONT, JR.
l11.slr'111't01' 111 .1IIIflII'IlIIlfIvCS fIIYfI'Ilf'llH' I-11 Erzgfhslz .-I.1.mr'i11l1' I'r0fr'ss0r of Hi.slm'y
ILS., New York IvIl1YClxSilY, 1Q2Nj NLS., New .X.lS,.jul111s Hoplxim. 19215 PI1.D., 11111112 Hop- AB.. Yzrlc. 19213 AAI.. Princ
York L'ni1'c1'si11. 19311 " . ' "
kms, 1930 1922, l'I1.D., l'1111ceI011, 1925
-IARLICS MORRIS BELL. QIR. ,-XNTUX A. BENEDETTI-PICHLER XI,XR1'IAX BFRNSTI-IIN A
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BS.. I"1'z111kli11 111111 Nl:11'sl1:1ll. 1933 CIl1.li.. 'l'cc'l111iwcl1c Il0L'lISC'lllllC. G1111. 19211: D13 ILS.. New York l'11ixc1'sily, 1925: XlllY.lg,. New
vllfffll. Sr.. ,1'CCllllliCl1C HC1C'llNllllllC. Graz. 1922 York L'111u-wily. 1927
ENNETH CIARK BLANCHARD VERNE H. BOOTH WARREN ESPY BOWER
Associnle I,I'0ff'.YSOl' of Biology ,,lssi.1Iar1f 111 Geology Ill.Sll'lll'f0I' 111 Iinglislz
A.B.,Cl111'k, 19215 Ph.D., NI.I.T., 1929 AB., johns Hopkins, 192.1 A.B., Hillsdale. 1920: AAI.. BIicl1ig:111, 1923
RTHVR CLliUl"l"RlCY BRUKX LDYWX BERRY BlfRGl'Nl JXKIFS BURNHANI
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1927 lll.D,, Illinois, 1921 A,B,, Oxfgydy
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The Past Year in Literature
It is difficult to summarize in any simple
formula the changes American literature has
been undergoing during the last year or so.
No definite direction of change, certainly, can
be charted. The several forms of literary ex-
pression do not seem to be responding to any
single predominant iniluence. The produc-
tion of poetry, for instance, has reached the
lowest level in several decades. XVhen Audrey
XVurdermann continues to take prizes for put-
ting the cliches of sentimentality into meter,
one can only hope that the tide 11111511 tu1'11.
Even the poetry of the left, which a few years
ago showed promise, has failed to discover its
suitable technique and develop into a move-
ment correspondent to the 11615 111116 before
the IVar. And yet our left poets remain our
best, and all is not lost when we can point to
Archibald MacLeish's 131111116 5111861711 and Mur-
iel Rulceyser's T1I601'Ql of F11g111. In England,
where left poetry achieved a signal success
with the group around VV. H. Auden, those
poets are turning more and more to the essay
and the dramatic sketch as their form of ex-
The outstanding achievement of Ameri-
can literature has been in the popular field
of the moving picture. Though the general
level of quality remains low, it has never been
so low as in foreign films. And though the
best of the Russian and French Iilms still sur-
pass our best, if we can judge from those
shown in this country, we are rapidly attain-
ing the quality theirs seem to be losing. The
newer Russian pictures lack the closeness of
structure and the excellency of photography
that made Vertov and Eisenstein famousg they
tend to become historical chronicles or trav-
elogues in which the interest in plot becomes
secondary to factual or historical accuracyg
and instead of 11 INYOZIS 111 L11161l6 or P011 116
C111ot16, the French are now offering us a
Rabelaisian C11111111111 171 F1111111615 or the faulty
emphasis of L11 1l1II1161'716116'. In the United
States, though the customary falsihcation of
life continues in the majority of Elms, which
do no more than depict the wish fulfillment
of our lower middle classes, there has arisen a
strong sudden tendency towards realism. Per-
haps it began with certain parts of Charlie
Chaplin's 1TTOI1C1'?Z TZ'7716X. It has continued in
several films of the Irish civil war, in F111y
Qabout a lynchingj, in Mr. D66115 G065 10
T011111 fwhich recognizes the unemployment
situationj and in the details of several films
The Social Sciences
Conhdent assertions leading to clear con-
clusions are probably not to be expected from
social scientists living in the confused environ-
ment of today. Individualistic democracy in
America, social democracy in France, fascism
in Italy, fascism in Germany, and socialism in
Russia each have their own economics, psy-
chology, and political science. There is little
of the pre-war scholars easy confidence that
they were, at least, heading in the right direc-
tion. Accordingly it is not surprising that the
past year has produced no startling revela-
tions, no brilliant guesses, and no monumental
There is an old platitude, familiar to all
students, that each generation must rewrite
the history of the past. But we of this genera-
tion are in no such easy position as that. XVC
are impelled to write three or four different
histories of the past, and make as many differ-
ent guesses about the future. Each volume,
whether of psychology, sociology, government
or history is at once suspected of embracing
one of the divergent viewpoints, and read
principally by those of similar persuasion.
The most disruptive ellects of this rise of
doctrinaire philosophies are to be seen in
Germany. So great has been the exodus of
social scientists under the Hitler regime, and
so circumscribed the thinking of those who
remained, that the Fatherland has lost all
claim to the priority it so long enjoyed. ln
Russia the ellects have been mixed, but on
the whole represent a decided gain for science.
llvhile some types of research, and some con-
clusions have been discouraged 'or forbidden,
the increase in the amount of money and en-
ergy devoted to the social sciences exceed those
of any other country in the world.
Of all the social sciences, psychology is
perhaps the least affected by differences in
philosophical approach, but on the other
hand it is in many ways dealing with the most
difficult subject matter. The past year has
witnessed a continuation of the application
of laboratory technique, and quantitative
measurement, but no conclusions have been
reached that importantly alter existing theory.
Economics, on the other hand is probably,
along with history, most dependent upon phil-
osophical premises. lVhat weird and wonder-
ful theories of Hnance will be necessary to ra-
tionalize the Nazi internal credit structure!
Sociology has taken an important formal
step forward in its battle for equal recognition
with the older social sciences through the es-
tablishment of an official Amcrinnz Sorirnlogic-
nl Iicrficzu. At the same time, this is another
proof of the growing lack of homogeneity of
opinion that I have been harping on, for this
new publication will parallel the existing
ffNlI'l'I'I'IllI jourzml of Sociology published at
The separate identity of the anthropolo-
gists for better the Anthropologistj at lV.S.C.
is symbolic of the increasing activity in this
basically all-important science. No new theo-
retical conclusions have been reached this last
year, but several discoveries such as the rem-
nants of the very old Folsom culture in Ne-
braska and Colorado, and a more complete
tracing of Paleo- and Neo-lithic man offer new
material for study. The death of l'rofessor
EIERICZ ERNST NHNNA KI. FALK F,-XY li-XRNVNI
I wfrssm of Pl'E'I1!'lI IIl.5'l'VIlf'fUI' in History fi.Y.S'fSfI1lIf Ihrafessrn' of lllailizfnzrllirs
.-XIB.. Arhenee Royal Delnelguque, 19o6: AAI.. B.S.. New York lf11iversil1'. 19263 AAI.. New SLB., Iowa Stale College, 19093 AAI., Cornell
YN1sco11s111. 1911 York l'11iversily, 19273 Ph.D., New York Uni- 19153 Ph.D., Cornell, 1929
ANTON FRIEDRICH CIEDRIC GALE DAVID CANS
.lssoriatff l'rofessor of Econonzics, I,fl'f'l'f0l' of slssisfnnt in English III.Sf7'IlffOT in Matlzrfzrmtics
the Iliwisiml of Unijird Sturlirs A.B., New York University, 193113 AAT., New BS., New York Uiiiversity, 19283
,-LB.. Beloil College, 1917 York University, 1931 AAI.. Har1'1ml, 19311
NIOND L. GARMAN ROBERT GAUNT ROBERT J. GESSNER
Vnslrurtor in Chenzislry Assistant Professor of Biology Iizstrurlor in English
Franklin and Marshall, 19293 XLS.. New .-LB., Tulsa, 19292 AAI., Princeton, 19303 Ph.D., A.B., Michigan, 19293 AAI., Columbia, 1930
York University, 19313 Ph.D., New York Uni- Princeton, 1932
Ro1s1:RT cH.xx1111aRs H01.L1s R, 11001111 R1cgH,xRn c1oLiRAN'1'
lff'sz'z1rclz PIi!Ifl'.8'.8'!Il' of Biology Inxtrurtor in Al!lf,1l'I7IIl1il'S Professor of Mathematics, Chairman of dfpaf
A.B,, Robert, Cmistantinople, IQOO1 AAI., A.B., Middlehllry, 19202 AAI., Nliddlebilry. men!
Queens, Cflllfliill, 19025 Ph.D., Munich, 1908. 1922 Ph.D,, Cfllllllgffll- 'QW
EDXYARD T. KIROXYDER, JR. CLARENCE C. DIT'1'Ml:iR NIILURICD DAVIS DOYLI-L
qlssisfarzt IVISITIIFIUI' in El'0IlUIIlfl'.Y Prgjggggr gf Sggiglggyy Chairman of dppaytmgng .1.v.xisl1n1t in English
A.B., Piltslmingli, 19155 AAI., New York Ph.B., Hamline, 19101 A.M., NVisc011si11, 19183 AB., Simmons, 19225 A,M., Colorado, 1
Uiiiversity, 193.1 Ph.D., xViSCOIlSill, 192.1
HOWARD H. DIINBAR CHARLES A.DWY1iR XVII.LI,'XNI F. EHRET
Inslructor in lfnglish .-lssislrlrzt Prnfrfssm' of Speeflz ,f.X.SiSfIlIIf Professor of Clwnzistry
AAI., Amherst, 19255 AAI., Columbia, 1926 All., St. P6lCl'vS, 1918g A.M., New York Ulli- Scxll., C.C.N.Y., 19233 A.M., C.C.N.Y., 19:
versity, 1926 l'h.D., Columbia, 1927
whose plots are sensational like The Thin
Mun and Great Guy. But for consistent real-
istic expression I believe Dorlszuorth was the
best American film of the year, and it is very
likely that, of all the forms of literature, the
moving picture is the one in which we shall
see the most hopeful immediate development.
The novel has a contrary change. The
phenomenal popularity of Gone With the
Wind shows that the popular taste has de-
generated even from the low level established
by Anthony Adverse. Unless the book adver-
tisers are to blame, the public demand is now
for the long chronicle novel without relation
to present modes of living, middle class dreams
of well-being are now pushed back into past
eras. The better type of novel, such as con-
tinues to flourish fwitness Celine's journey
lo ll1e End ofNigl1I and Gilloux' Bifler Vir-
roryj 3 the novel of decadence in which all the
torturous bafllements of the intellectual re-
ceive expression has almost entirely lost out
in this country. The chief representative of
it is Faulkner's Afzsnlonz, Absalom, but this
novel is verbose and blurred in comparison
with his earlier and better work.
At the same time the left novel has at
length begun to justify itself in response, in
part perhaps, to'criticism, but certainly to a
much greater degree because a new genera-
tion of novelists is better assimilating the new
attitude of the working class. The stilted
style, the plot constructed from a formula,
the absorption primarily in radical dogma,
that characterized the earlier left fiction, have
now begun to disappear. The priority in this
achievement, though it was only partially suc-
cessful, was Steinbeck's In Dubiotts Bnllfe,
which reacted almost too extremely front the
flabby and the pedantic. It is in Engstrand's
Izzrfnrlers that the new tendency is best rep-
resented. This remarkable lirst novel brings
into our left Hction qualities of passion and
vitality that before we have had to go to Gi-
ono, Malraux, and French left fiction gen-
erally, to secure. But it would be premature,
from a few examples, to predict a new move-
ment in proletarian fiction.
The drama has lagged the worst of all-
as far as the left stage is concerned. NVith the
single doubtful exception of Lawson's ilfarcll-
ing Song, which suffers front a clumsy ending,
the left theatre has been in a state of collapse.
The faults of the earlier left novel continue in
it, and audiences are no longer responsive.
Only in the realm of the play about war, in
Bury llte Dead, a short curtain raiser, is there
a survival of the creative power we witnessed
a few years ago in Sfeveflore and Lawsonls
own Pror'e.rsionnf. But with the retreat of the
Depression, the theatre, generally speaking,
has revived, and is repeating in dramatic form
the points of view of the novel. The play of
bafllement so admired by Mr. Krutch, con-
tinues to find illustration in the dramas of
Maxwell Anderson, who conceals his distress
in the elevated atmosphere of poetry or of a
more heroic age. And we always have with us
Noel Coward and the musical play to take
our attention away from any serious contact
with life through those banalities that in our
unhappy period pass for wit. Certainly the
most hopeful aspect of the American theatre
this last season has been the revival of Shake-
speare in the Howard and Gielgud "Hrnnlefs,,'
and Evans' Rirlmrrl II. But the real source
of creative power in the American theatre con-
tinues to be neither the left nor the commer-
cial theatre, but the YVPA, whether it be in
the revival of Dr. Fnztslus or the rich spon-
taneous contemporary chronicle of Power and
other plays in the living newspaper stories.
EDXVIN BERRY BURGUNI
Breasted has been equally a loss lor both an-
thropology and history. The Oriental Insti-
tute at Chicago, however, which he built up,
is in able hands, and is preparing to dig on an
increasingly large scale.
ln historical scholarship there has been a
continued growth of emphasis on economics,
but lack of any interpretation, or any scale ol'
values, has robbed the work of much signi-
ficance for the lay reader. The first volume
of a glossary of medieval business and econo-
mic terminology appearing this year is only
the raw material for scholarship, and while
Professor Scheville in l1is f'History of Flor-
ence" sheds new light on the importance of
urban commercial life in the coming of the
Renaissance the book is nevertheless old style
narrative history. The only 'outstanding work
in the modern European field, the XVebb's
book on Russia, is refreshing for the very rea-
son that it is inspired by a belief in certain
values and conclusions, but the scholar, no
matter how friendly. must recognize weak-
nesses in research.
To one who feels that the materialist his-
torians represent the principal hope for Amer-
ican historical scholarship, the past year has
been a good deal of a disappointment. No
Marxian writing ol any importance has ap-
peared, unless we place Curti's Pence or lVnr,
and Miller's Sam ff1fn1ns in this category.
The outstanding contenders for the Pulitzer
prizes in history and biography all belong in
the so-called "liberal" tradition, their bias is
personal and implicit rather than part of a
deliberate philosophic approach. Commager's
Tlleodore Parker, Nevin's Hamilton Fish,
Brook's Flowering of New England repre-
sent the best of this tradition, and will prob-
ably, among them, win one or both prizes.
The real trouble, I suspect, with the
newer economic, sociological, and psychologi-
cal sclrolars is that they are mainly young men
who lack, as yet, the combination of profound
knowledge and creative ability necessary to
produce great work. There should be a flower-
ing ol' these scholarship qualities during the
next decade, if it is not completely lost in ex-
The Economic Trend
Economic thinking at any particular time
is a compound of two sets of forces, the im-
mediate phenomena ol economic life and the
adjustment of these "raw materials" to a co-
herent and logical body of theory. Concrete
developments of recent years have been con-
cerned primarily with the behavior of an eco-
nomic system in a period of depression, and
with mechanisms for inducing prosperity. In
a depression period, the important raw mater-
ials are a collapse of speculation and the mar-
ket for funds, the necessity for liquidation on
the part of credit institutions and production
units, a decline in production, a stagnation of
capital goods industries, a drop in national
and personal incomes, and a large volume ol'
unemployment. These are the usual concom-
itants ol' depressions. The conventional tech-
niques utilized in previous similar periods of
stress have usually been designed "to wipe the
slate cleanf' through permitting mortgages
to be foreclosed and bankruptcies to operate
in wholesale fashion, No effective and gener-
ally designated methods have been applied,
although in almost every major depression
there have been pressures in the direction of
control at some point or other.
The crisis of the early 1930's created a
situation in which the pressures were tremend-
ously increased, primarily because the highly
integrated system of modern production came
near collapsing under its own weight, and the
widespread effect of prospective ruin covered
a wider base than ever before.
The control measures of the New Deal
were created to meet the extreme need. Those
measures, new only in the sense of their num-
ber and inclusive covering, were designed for
immediate relief, but also bore evidences of a
desire to affect long-run reforms. In the Hrst
category were credit institutions organized and
financed by the federal government through
which business and finance might obtain tem-
porary relief: a program of Public Wo1'ks to
stimulate buying and employ workmen, a
National Industrial Recovery Act, setting up
codes -of fair business practices, limiting pro-
duction, and recognizing labor's claim by min-
imum wage, maximum hour and collective
bargaining sectionsg the attempted effort to
achieve a rising trend of prices by adjustments
in the money and credit system, tending in
many respects to depart from the system of
"hard money" and actually going off the gold
standard: the efforts at crop control, and re-
lief for the agricultural population, and the
steps taken for relieving directly the distress
of the unemployed.
In the second category are the more long-
run reform measures: control of the issue and
sale of securities, closer integration of credit
institutions through revamping the banking
lawsg insurance of batik depositsg utilities leg-
islationg the T.V.A.g housing and resettlement
programsg soil conservationg national control
of labor relations through guarantee of col-
lective bargainingg a program of social legis-
lationg and, finally a proposal for reform of
the Supreme Court, to permit effective action
in these areas.
It would be erroneous to assume that
these trends toward reform are consistent or
entirely effective. They represent on the whole
the resultant of pressures of various groups,
all concerned over their own futures and the
protection of their vested interests. Some have
been overturned by the courtsg others have
been discarded or rendered ineffective in ac-
tual practice. The significant practical re-
sults are achieved by the abilities of interest
groups to mold conditions to their liking. For
example, the open permit to restrict competi-
tion under the NIRA doubles the drift toward
monopoly in instances where business men
were in position to make use of an unusual
situation. Organized labor likewise has made
use of the situation to consolidate gains, as
evidenced by the immediate activity of the
unions in 1933, the upsurge culminating in
the C.I.O. in the years following.
Practically, these developments have re-
asserted the concept of human welfare as
against the inviolability of vested property
holdings. The sit-down strikes, though prag-
matic in their outlook, are nevertheless as-
serting in their action this new type of vested
right. Attention has been focussed also upon
the achievement and maintenance of a not-
too-fluctuating purchasing power, and the at-
tainment of a reasonably good standard of liv-
ing for the whole population as a prerequisite
to economic prosperity and stability.
Theoretically these trends have produced
resounding repercussions, bringing to a cli-
max a dilemma of long standing. The pre-
conceptions of the classical and neo-classical
economic theory revolved around ideas of
"value," "cost," "utility," and "price," the op-
eration of which rested on a notion of a free
exchange of goods under somewhat primitive
economic conditions in which costs measured
prices. The downfall of the 'Acost" analysis
followed the hnal recognition of the non-ex-
istent conditions of free exchange, and the
function of ability-to-pay price determina-
tions. The marginal utility school took the
matter up there, and explained the determina-
tion of price in terms of the downward slope
of the demand curve produced by diminishing
utilities. Price being determined at the mar-
ginal point. Such men as Veblen and Mitch-
ell have attacked this explanation on the
grounds that it assumed a balance of supply
and demandg that it rested on a concept of
homogeneity of desires and utilitiesg that it is
"normalistic, hedonistic and rationalistic" as
was this classical theory. In spite of this the
theory of its general form is probably accept-
able to the large majority of professional
Developments of the last few years have
cracked it much more obviously than ever be-
fore. Under the present monopolistic condi-
tions and the efforts at control, organizing on
an assumption of "freely operating forces of
supply and demand" takes on the appearance
ol' blindness and intellectual astigmatism.
The dilemma is the existence of a body
of doctrine which does not ht realities, but the
apparent difhculty of a well-knit theory grow-
ing out of the realities. Economists of the ex-
nt-me left have interpreted modern trends as
the evidence of a system in the throes of decay
and imminent death. Efforts to stem the tide
of destruction are therefore efforts of a ration-
al capitalism to save itself. At the opposite ex-
treme are the die-hards who insist that al-
though there are logical and psychological
shortcomings of the cost and marginal theory,
it possesses "essential integrity, a consider-
able resemblance to the facts, pedagogi-
cal compactness, logical coherence and avail-
ability, and a large measure of economic
truth." In practical affairs they hark back to
the innnutable laws of economic life, and
maintain that departures from the traditional
routines will cause grass to grow in the market
place. Obviously this group has been both
active and intellectually unhappy under the
pressure of recent events.
The most hopeful group is one which
stands, not in between, but separate from
either ol' the two above. This group, following
a great variety of paths is unwilling to accept
authoritative promulgations about the natur-
al laws of economic activity, or the behavior
of man, without subjecting the operation of
the "going concern" to the closest scrutiny.
Some of them contend that there is no virtue
whatsoever in the old categories. Others say
if they are to serve any function whatever, a
theory of value must be based on up-to-date
knowledge of human nature. Economic sci-
ence must be based on realistic studies of the
functioning of economic institutions. The
rapid economic and social revolutions through
which the United States has been passing has
and will continue to give wide scope to such
endeavors to formulate a realistic theory of
Xl.liXANlJlf.R 0. ca1c'1"1'1,11R 111121111111 ,1. MRAR11 1-11 H1411, 11. czL:1xc11'
l'1'r1fr'.sp1fn' ny f.lII'llll.Sf7-Y. Pmfw.s.sm' ul! l.s.x1.1'lm1l 1'mf1's5Ur nf lfz'011on1ir'.s'. Dirwlrn' uf Tm,-1,j,,q Ff,jj,,u1 j,, jjjnlmry
7'r1,xi111lrJg,1' lizwrlirlg Slllfllllii, ll'..S.fI. E AJS.. 1515111 Mawr, 16135 hi
l5.S,. K1.CI.N.Y.. Iflllll A.NI,,C1ol11111I:in. ILS.. New York I?11ixc'1'sity. 1926: MA.. New ' K
1909: l'I1.ll.. filllllllllllii. 1912: I,l.,lJ.. York U11i1'c1'sil1, 19214: PI1.D., New Xork l'11i-
Sl. klohm. 1931 11-wily. 1931
IFXIJIER Ii. CiR.Xll.XNl
Professor of A1llflIt'IIllllfl'A', .l.s.sm'inIf' Ihvnz
of Il'.,S'.C.. Cllllfflllflll of lJ1'l1IlI'lH11'lIl of
AB.. lz111o1'v :xml Ilcnrx. 19119: AAI.. X 11'-
0 Mifwf: 12'
, ,,L6 ,
,., WW? ,
WILLI.-XXI GREEN I'.Xl'I. HAINI-18
I11slr111'lm' in I'l1iln.voll1l1y Ir1xIr111'lm' in 1'fllglf.YlI
LE., Bro9kl111 l,0lf'l6K'l1IliL' IIlNl1llllC. 1921: BS., l.z1I'a1yette. 1926: Ohio XVCSICNZIII
NIA.. Klolumlwizu. 1927 1928
FRICD H. Il.XRRlNCL'l'0N KIHXRLES IIIIQLD lflllill H. HITCHINS
Insfrurlm' in lIi.1'Im'v I11.11'r1u'lrn' in Sjlflrrhsll. :1!l1IlIilIi.Yl'VllfiT'I' .-I.v.vi.sl1111l IHsfr111'lr1r in Hi.Stm'y
A.B.. Clmnell. 1933: LM., New York l'11i- IRA., Wisc'o11Si11. 1922: MA., XViSi'0IlNiIl. 1924: .X.B., N'cs1e1'11 fJlllllI'i0, 1923: AAI., NV
versity. 1934 XA.. fLl'Lll'Cl2llNl. 1918 cm f,I1l2lI'iO, 1924: Pl1.D., l'c1111syl1111
XLHERT HOFSI'.Xl1'1'l2R KARL HOI1XKNliiIH'l' glljxliy HOOK
IIIAIIAIHNJI' Ill l'l11I0sr1j1l1v ,hyistant professor of En 4. , -- v , 1. , . 1 - , 1 1.
1 1 Q Y , , Y V Y I D 1.. glmh ,l.s.mr1at1 Im 155111 ll I 11 '. Cl 7
lS.S..C..,C..N.X.,v19293 AAI., 5cw.No1'k l,111xc1's1ly. AJS., I.o11isxilIe. 1920: AAI., Department I UI 1'f'5"l 'P """""" ".
'QFH3 lh-DH NCW 30144 lllIYCl'9llf', 1935 l'c1111s1'lu111iz1, 1921: l'h.D., Penn- Scxll., C,C.N.Y.. 19233 AAI. Cflllllllhill, 19263
wylxamm, 1923 l'h.D.. Cilllllllhiil. 1927
Rl"1'H IS. HOWIAXD .XLFREIJ I". I'll'li'lL'l'Xl-IR lil'lL1iXli Nl. LICIBIQRT
,1S.Y!lf'i1lfH Pmfrfssor' of liiolrrgkv I'1'r1f1's.w11' of Biology ,'l.S'.W1l'fIlfI' l'mf1's.yr11' of F1'1'111'l1
l'I1.lE.. SSIYIIIISC, 191183 l'l1,Nl.. Sf'l'2H'llSC, 194193 ,-LB.. South llzlkotzl. 1916: LSI.. Cfbllllllbill. ,X,x1..NviNi'0llSi!1, 1913: 1'h.D.. 1923
I'l1.l1.,Yz1lc. 19211 1918: I'l1.D.. Clllllllnlill. 1923
.Xl.l3FR'l' l,lPI'NIAN IRYIXG LOXVEN FRNNK H. NIc1CI.OSKliY
I11.x'I1'11r'Ir1r in 1fW11fl1 l.1'1't111'r'1' 011 1'l1ysir's .l.v.vr1fi11lr' 1,I'0vfC'.S.VII' of E11g'li.x'l1
ABN Hmm,-dv ,omg A-Nfl,Xfg15l1i11gIOIl, 1923 BS.. C.C1.N.Y.. 19313 P11.lJ., New LB., SXTRICIISC. 1916: AAI.. New York l'lll
York lvIliXCl'Sily. 1934 xc1'sity.'1924g PhD.. Hz11'vz11'd. 1929
11ox1x1:1J 111 NIcI1OXXIiI,I, 1. 1auxx1e'1'H x111f11L111Nu w1L1,111x1 C. x111c11w1sH
,I.Y.SI.S'IlllIl l'1'0j1'.s'.1u1' of lfrormrrzirs ,-IS.s'i.1l11r1fl'1'oj1'.v.S0r'0fClI1'r11i.1lr1' Pl'!lj'l',S,S!11' nf Cl,p,,1j,y1ry, Cl,air,,,ml of 11,6 Dy.
AB., Ohio Wwlcyan. 10235 A.M.. Ohio VVesIcy- I3.S..l1:11-iicgic Inslilulc of 'I'ccl111ol0g1', 1921: parlnzvnl '
llll. 1926: I'I1.I1.. fZoI11111I1iz1. 19311 AAI.. CoI11111I1i:1, 1922 SLB.. New York l'11i1e1'sil1. 1921: YI,,X,,C01um.
' -1.-.3.fiygg'fJ . 5 1
5 W ..-'
. ,W ii.4..... 4
IJOVCQIAS .Y. YIARSLANIJ IYNIES I1. NIIXCLICIC RXYMONID I. NIAIRF
.-I1.1'1'.1I111lI l'1'r1l'f'.1'.1'r11' of Biology Pl'!lfVI'.Y'.Y'f2l' nf 12I'UI1UHlil'.Y, Cl111ir'n11111 of Grmlilalc' .-15325111111 P7'UfI'SSOI' nf Frmzrlz
ILS., New York l'11ive1'sil1', 19223 A.NI.,CoI11111- Srhonl Certificate dc Scholastic, Lycee Henri Quat
I1i:1. 1928: I'I1.IJ.. New York l'11i1crsil1. 1931 AB.. Iles Yluines. 19412: NIA.. lII1ic:1go. 19116: 1913: NIA., New York U11i1'c1'sily, 19511
I'I1.I1.. C.I11111g11. 1913
I 2 I
LEO fi. BIICYICR HICRBERI MOSS YY. YVARNICR MOSS. JR.
Il1.vI1'1u'lr11' in Hislory 1u.slr11rlm'i11 ,Ilr1!l1f'n111lir.S .lxsisizzrzl Pr'ofr'.s.1'r11' of fiHT'l'I'IIIIII'lIf
BA., YYR-wlcxzizi I'11ivc1xi11'. 1921: BIA., YV1-s, X.II..WilIi:1111 111111 NI111'1. 1921: SCSI.. XQ11'Yu11k .-XB., U. of Yirginia, 19255 A.M
lmm, 1',,iwf,i11, 11321: I'I1.D. Illxirk l'11i1'c1-sily, l'11i1e1wi11. 19291 I'I1.I1..CZoI11111l1i11, 191513 1925: I'l1.D., C1c1I111nl1iz1, 1933
1928 V I i A N 5 K
N NIKSS1-.R BERNARD MYERS S'I'EB1iL'l'0X H. XL'LLli
Professor of Hfslury. Dwm of llrmlrmlr' Srlmol, .11SSfSfIlIlf P!4IIvfl'.Y.YfJIn in Fim' girls IllSfT1lf'f0T in History
Chairman gf depqyfmgnf BS., New York Ul1iVClASilY, 1928: A.M., New All.. Ohio SIZIIC, 1922: AAI., C0l11111lmi:1
.Y.B.. Pc1111sylvz111i:1. 1909: AAI.. l'CllIlSYIX2llliTl. York l'lliY6l'SilY, 1929: Pl1.D., New York Ph,D.. Pe1111syl1'a11ia. 19gO
1910: l'h.D., PC1111w1l1z111ia1. 1912 l'11i1'c1'sil1'. 1933
CH,-YRLES K. PAYNF ROY Y. PEEL C1H.YRLO'1"l'E H. PEKXRY
.-lssislrznl Pr0fz'.s.1'or' of Mrlllzemnlirs .4S.S'fSl!Il1l Profzzssm' of fi0Ul?I'IlIHl'Ilt .4.s.vislar1t Ilf0ff"SSU7' of Gffrnmn
YB.. Nclmmskzl. 1903: NI.B..Y.. New York Uni- .-X.l5,. .X11g11sl:111I, 19211: AAI.. Chicago, 1923: .-LB.. Cornell. 1913: AAI.. CIo1'11clI. 1910 P1113
xersity Pl1.D.. Chicago, 1927 Clornell. 1925
1QI.l..X 'If RISKIQ FRANK O. Rl'l"l'liR HRNST ROSE
.'i5.s'i.m1r1I in Iiuglislz lII.5f!'llf'f0l' in Clzvnzislry ,issistalzl Pl'il,-I'.S.S'1J!' of CQITIIIIIII
1-Y.B.,XY:1al1i11q1o11 l'11i1'c1'silx'. 1922: .Y.NI..YYz1sl1A .-Y.lS.. Clomcll. lKjl1Q AAI., Col11111hia, 1916: 1'h.D. Leipzig, llj22
ington l'11iVe1'sily, IQEZZ ' A ll1.lJ.. Now York 'lT11ive1'sily, 1929 K k K
The Field of Physics
In attempting to assess the trend of the
physics -of the day, it is an aid to look at the
physics of the years just passed.
To the physicists of the early twentieth
century, particularly the school of Rutherford
in England, belongs the credit of establishing
the fact that atoms at their centers, are com-
posed of nuclei, around which are circulating
electrons. The nuclei were found to be
charged with positive electricity, to contain
all but one twentieth of a per cent of the mass
of the atom, to be about one hundred-thou-
sandth the size of the atom, and to increase in
charge and mass as one passes to higher atomic
numbers in the periodic table. The electrons
are still smaller, are extremely light. making
up the remaining one twentieth per cent of
the atomic weight, have all the same weight
and all the same electric charge, but negative.
and move around the peripheral portions of
It remained for Niels Bohr of Copen-
hagen to discover the fundamental empirical
laws which govern the behavior of electrons
in atoms and of nuclei considered as single
particles, that is, as small structureless enti-
ties. ln considering, then, how it was possible
for the moving electrons to obey these funda-
mental laws, Bohr found that it was necessary
to impose a severe restriction on the laws of
motion developed by Newton, the so-called
"Newtonian Mechanicsf, which are certainly
completely verified for bodies large enough to
be seen, and heavy enough to weigh on micro-
By the end of the Iirst quarter of the cen-
tury, the Bohr laws had been so extended by
the physicists of lVestern Europe and the
United States that a complete theory of the
Periodic Table of all the elements in Nature
was developed. At the same time accumula-
tion of work in this period brought out clearly
that the restriction on Newtonian mechanics
were inadequate for a formulation of the cor-
rect laws of electronic and nuclear motions.
Beginning, then, with the work of de Broglie
in France, Heisenberg and Schrodinger in Ger-
many, and Dirac in England a new theory of
motions of light-weight particles developed,
the "quantum mechanics," one of the great
revolutions in human thinking. The accom-
plishments of this theory were so remarkable
and rapid that one can say that by about 1930
all fundamental problems in atomic structure
were solved. One of the important successes
of the quantum theory was the explanation
of how two atoms can unite to form a mole-
cule, it is curious to realize that up to less
than ten years ago, we had no understanding
whatever of this, probably the most funda-
mental problem of chemistry.
There is a host of problems arising from
the quantum theory of molecular formation
whose solutions are yet to be found, physicists
and chemists are working together on these
problems, which certainly constitute one of
the fruitful fields of investigation for the pres-
ent and the near future.
,-Xt the close of the nineteenth century,
Becquerel in France had discovered the phen-
omenon of natural radioactivity, that is, that
radium and other related atoms spontaneously
emit particles. Some of these particles were
later identified as the nuclei of helium atoms,
the element disintegrating becomes a different
element, the process being a natural alchemy.
The emitted particles come out of the nucleus
of the atom, so that it appears that the nuclei
are not single entities, but have some sort of
structure. Beginning with the discovery of
Rutherford, shortly after the war, that nuclei
of different elements can be disintegrated arti-
ficially by bombarding them with fast-travel-
ling helium nuclei, a new held of investiga-
tion of nuclear structure and of the artificial
transmutation of elements, was thrown open?
The advances in the last five years have been
spectacular, but the field has only been
scratched. XVC do not understand how it is
possible for the particles composing a nucleus
to hold together, just as we did not under-
stand until recently how it was possible for
electrons to remain in an atom or atoms to
keep together to form stable molecules. XVe
can confidently expect that entirely new laws
of motion will have to be found to explain
this, just as the quantum mechanics replaced
Newtonian mechanics before.
Also, it has been found that the theory of
light developed by Maxwell in England in
the nineteenth century, and which was so cor-
rect that it predicted accurately the existence
and properties of wireless waves, breaks down
when applied to the light emitted by nuclei.
And so a new theory of light will have to be
developed. New tools for the investigation of
chemical and biological processes are being
forged from the materials of nuclear re-
searches: for example, the intermediate meta-
bolism of many substances is now being fol-
lowed in the body through the knowledge of
atoms supplied by modern nuclear physics.
Prediction of the discoveries that will be made
is bound to fall short of actualityg all one can
be sure of is that to nuclear physics of the near
future belongs one of the most exciting per-
iods in the history of human understanding
ifflre lead in this work of induced radioactiv-
ity had been taken by Curie and Ioliot in
Enwakn O. S,-xI,AN'1'
ICDYY.-XRD U. S1Yl.1YN'l' YV.-XI,IAC1i S. SAYRE YV. A. SCHNEIDER
.ls.s'or'i11If' Pl'Ilf'f'55lIl' of Pl'1'si1 .I.s.1'i1'In11l Pmfraxsor' of ci!lZf!'I'lIllII'IIlL :1x.Sr1cir1I1' Professor of Pllvsfts
YB.. C1ol11111l1i11, 1922: l'h.lJ. Lo.11lo11, lEl27'i AJS., Nlnrshzrll College, 19273 XXI.. New York Se.B., Grey Ulliversily, College of South Africa
ll11iversily. 1928: l'l1.lJ., New York l'11ix'ersi1y. 1920: SQM., University of Michigan. 1922:
19911 l'l1.D., New York lf11ix'e1'sily, 19271 E.E,, Brook
lyn Polyleeh11ic I11s1il11le, 1936
LICSLIE E. SPOCK ICMANUEL STEIN IOSEPHINE SIIRIANO
Associate Professor of Geology III.Yfl'1lC'fUl' in f'i!'07IUIIll!'S I11.s'I1'u1'101' in linglislz
A.B., Cornell, 19233 AAI., Columbian, 192.11 Sc.B., New York lfuiversily, 19281 A.NI., New BS., New York Ifniversily, 19273 AAI., New
Ph.D., Columbia, 1929 York IT11iversily, 19305 Pl1.D., New York Uni- York ll11ivcrsi1y, 1928
MYYRIIC COLLINS SYYKYIRICY RIXI-2H,YR'l' QI. SYYENSOX AIVI HU! FILLEY
,4s.1'or'i11tw l'r'of1'.s.vo1' of Plzilosojalq' Prgfggggy gf Ggygynml-ng, Chairman gf fhg dp- ,fIs,0.111!e Professor of Mzzthemalics
A.l3.,WelIesle1. 1913: YM.. Kz111sz1s. 191 1: llllliflllfflf, 1ixz'1'11lizff,' SI'f'I'f'Ifl?'Y of Ihr' Co111n1il- M.E.. Nfwv York lfriiversily, 19235 M.S., Xe
Ph.ll., Co1'11ell, 1919 tn' of ll'r1sl1i11glm1 .S'q11arff l.iIn'1n'y York Lriiversily, 19251 Ph-D., New York UI!
AJS.. University of Nli1111esolz1, 1915: AAI. Nlin- versity, 1933
nexola, 19163 Pl1,D.. Wisco11si11, 1918.
I. RICHARD TOVEN
.'I.Y.YfSfl1IIf I,l'Uff'SS!U' of S1NlIIf.S'lIV. .-1ssisl1111t Srfrw'
lnry of II'11sl1i11gtr111 .S'q1u11'f' Collrgr, Director of
.'f!lZlfSl'17Il'lIf in Ifllbllfllgfflll Sq1u11'1' College
QLB., l'c1111syl1':111iz1 Stale, 1924: AAI., New
York LylliXCl'Silf', 1928
QAYNIOND fl. XY.-XlHiI.L
.1-1s.sista11I ill Plzysirs
AB., W1IIiz1mellc, 1931
'AIjl'ER C. XVIRTHXVEIN X
.b!.ssista11l I'1'off2ss01' of History
A.B., Ohio State, 19205 A.M., CoIu111biu, 1921
l'l1.D., Columbian 1935
OLIVER TOWLES CARICI, XV. VA' IEWRIC
Professor of French, Chairman of the depart- Professor 9, ' 4. , Chairman of the depart
A.li., X'i1'gi11i:1, 19116: Ph.ll.. Ioh11sHopki11s. lfjlll 1-LB., lTlliYfXSi'. of the Cape of Good Hope
1911: SLM., University ol' Capelowlx, 1921
l'h.D.. l'lliY6I'SiIy of GOIUIIQIOII, 1922
YVILLIS YY.-XUIQR HONUCR A. YVA'l'T
I7ISl7'1ll'I07'fI1 I'I11gIisl1 Professor of English, Chairman of the depart
A.B., 19313 LM., H'f1sl1i11glo1'1, 1932 lIlI'IIl
AB., Cornell, 19065 AAI.. Cornell, 19085 Ph,D.
ITlliVCfSilf' of H'isco11si11, 1909
LIEIGH B. NYILILXNISOX LEO ZIPPIN
Professor of Speech, Chairman of the depart- IPI-YfVllCf07'fl1 1VHl'lll?Ill11lfCS
111r'11t .-LIS., University of PCIlIlSy1Y1lIli21, 19255 MA.
A.B., Carnegie Institute of Technology, 192og l'11ix'ersit1' of l'er111ssl1':111ia, 19261 Ph,D., UniA
AAI., Columbia, 1923 versity of Pcn11sylva11i:1, 1929
Philosophers on tl1is side of the Atlantic
have for the most part been content to build
their systems with an eye to the blueprints of
British and Continental tradition. During the
first two hundred and fifty years of Colonial
and national development, critical originality
was not conspicuous in America. Roger Wlill-
iams, Jonathan Edwards, Jefferson, and Tho-
mas Cooper stand out not because they in-
troduced profoundly new concepts but be-
cause of the acuteness with which they modi-
fied, to suit a new environment, the concepts
which European philosophers had already
But toward the end of the last century a
mathematician named Charles Sanders Peirce
shocked academic souls with a heresy im-
probably named 'pragmaticismf shocked gen-
teel Cambridge with his passion for gambling,
wrote, 'AI am a man of whom critics have
never found anything good to say. X'Vhen
they could see no opportunity to injure me,
they have held their peace." He died in l9l4
and was uneasily put out of mind by philoso-
phers whose professional mysteries he had
However, Peirce's influence, unhappily
diluted with the breezy optimism of William
James, was the most dramatic single factor in
American philosophy during the early part
of this century. It bids fair to become yet
The chief feature of Peirce's originality
is simple: philosophers should stop disputing
about the ultimate truths of the cosmos and
apply themselves, like the special scientists, to
the development of a method for solving the
problems which actually confront them. In
support of this, Peirce points out that the
meaning of any statement is dehned in terms
of the results to which an experiment based
on that statement will leadg if such an experi-
ment is inconceivable, then the statement is
meaningless and had better be avoided.
Philosophers today realize that, even if
they should wish to, they can no longer retire
to ivory towers and spin illusions into elegant
fragile systemsg they realize that the most in-
tricate system is futile if not hrmly grounded
in the funded experience of men and built of
the actual materials which that experience
A critic of philosophy is always tempted
by flippant half-truths. It is easy to catalog,
pigeonhole, to apply readymade names and
from the names deduce elaborate conclusions.
Abaelard, for example, was a scholastic, Spin-
oza, Hegel, and Plato were idealists, Democri-
tus and Marx materialists. The French think-
ers of the eighteenth century were mechanistsg
American philosophy today is pragmatic,
But names serve mainly as crutches for
lazy minds. Individuals, nations, epochs are
never simple, rarely uniform. To label them
so neatly is the mark of the shallow indolent
thinker who looks on philosophy as a body
of dogmatic concepts. Philosophers today are
showing less and less tendency to accept and
capitalize on verbal positions, more and more
concern to examine them. This is not in it-
self new. The newness, if newness there be,
lies in the mzfflzorl of examination and the
implications of that method.
Philosophers have always examined the
systems of their contemporaries and their pre-
decessorsg this has often constituted their stock-
in-trade. Plato suspected the morals of the
Sophists and attacked their conclusions as so-
cially vicious, Aristotle discovered inconsis-
tencies in the philosophy of Plato and re-
jected it as logically unsoundg St. Augustine
saw that Platonism would serve the interests
of the growing church and adopted itg eight
centuries later Aquinas found that the church
had outgrown Augustine, and turned to Aris-
totle and the Moors. The Renaissance men
reacted against what they read Aquinas to
mcang Hegel quarreled with the empiricism
of the Renaissance: Marx found Hegel's phil-
osophy standing upon its head and righted
it. But the classical philosophers tradition-
ally occttpied themselves with the structures
of their formal systems aml the whittled hngcr
at architectural flaws in the systems of others.
whom, on formal, theological, or practical
grounds, they disliked.
Philosophy today is something humbler
than the charting of absolute reality: it is
rather a direction-finding technique, not a
reservoir of ready answers but a trustworthy
method for men of honest intellectual pur-
pose to use in attacking the problems which
confront them as men.
To describe that method adequately
would be to write a very long essay. It can
be briefly characterized by making two state-
lts concern is with the flHI!'fZ.0IIS of things:
it approaches man, for example, through the
complexity of his environment and actiyities
rather than with elaborate guesses as to what
'human nature' really is.
The metaphor by which it can be most
conveniently grasped is not the metaphor of
the billiard balls caroming about a table,
which was a favorite of eighteenth and nine-
teenth century 'mechanists', but rather the
metaphor of the organism, rooted in a natural
enviromnent which. in its very growing, it
A Survey of Psychology
The subject matter of a science is not
necessarily determined by an examination of
the philology of the name that science hap-
pens to bear. Rather it is to be found in the
activities and interests of the specialists who
happen to give their own peculiar interests a
given academic label. The direction of the
development of a science is, then, a function of
the interests that any given students have
succeeded in arousing in others, either to
endow their chairs or to sit at their feet and
learn the new techniques. The results of this
historical process are now clearly discernible
in psychology. YVhere its name might sug-
gest an interest in animistic agencies, an ex-
amination of the problems under research by
the individual psychologists leaves no shadow
of doubt as to the actual subject matter of
the science today. lts connnon denominator
is really the vnrirfrl a.vj11fcls of the belmvior of
all liwfng lhitzgs.
Probably the most significant thing that
can be said today is that where once there
were as many different psychologies as there
were subjects under investigation, there now
is one set of sound scientific principles applic-
able everywhere. On the whole, a review of
present trends in all the fields of psychology
will bear this out unequivocally. A sound
animal psychology is at the same time a sound
human psychology, in its fundamental prin-
ciples. If the abnormal is accurately described,
the same description must at bottom be a
good description of the normal. No funda-
mental gulf separates the group from the in-
dividual. The child and the adult exist on
the same plane of metaphysics. The ad-
jectives "mental" and "physical" are not de-
rived from nouns marking mutually exclusive
realms of discourse. Not only has the internal
unity of the science been steadily increasing,
but its continuity with the physical, chemical,
and biological sciences, both as to method-
ology and metaphysical postulates, is becom-
ing daily more apparent.
Let us survey briefly the major fields of
research to observe the extent to which our
generalizations are borne out. In the study
of the higher thought processes the recent
work of Professor Max of New York Uni-
versity is no comfort to those who had hoped
to preserve some small realm for the activity
of animistic agents of whatever sort. XVith his
delicate galvanometers he has shown the pres-
ence of the action currents of muscular activ-
ity whenever there is mental activity, whether
the subject is awake or in the dream state.
It would seem safe now to conclude that if
there are non-material occurrences in what
has traditionally been called "mental'l phe-
nomena, they are at the most some shadowy
parallel only occasionally present and in no
way entering the causal series. In short, the
whole dualistic idea has all the earmarks of a
superfluous postulate, coming well within the
sweep of Occam's Razor. To the writer it
seems obvious that the last justification is
gone for making a metaphysically discrete
entity' out of the activities of living organisms.
Psychology is making its contribution to the
total process of the sciences which has reduced
a world of piecemeal magic to a truly orderly
The work of Razran, Lidell, Loucks and
others on conditioning, following up the bril-
liant work of Pavlov, is closing the gap be-
tween reflex and so-called "voluntary" activ-
ity, not to mention the intermediate steps of
"modification of reflexes" and "learning"
These concepts, which formerly seemed to
belong to entirely different realms of dis-
course now are shown to shade off into one
another by such slow degrees that only schol-
astic sophistry could defend their uniqueness.
When seen against the background of the in-
genious tissue-culture experiments of Bok and
Kappers, Qwhich reveal laws of neurone
growth strongly suggesting the familiar laws
of mental associationj and the exactness of
modern neuro-psychiatry and neuro-surgery
with its better understanding of the brain
cortex, conditioning takes its place as one of
the outstanding milestones marking our im-
proved understanding of the baffling vari-
ability of behavior. The experimental
work on conditioning to patterns of stimuli
rather than to the single and simple but rela-
tively artificial stimulus situation is establish-
ing beyond question that this mechanism is at
the basis of all higher learning and "mental"
processes. Particularly noteworthy here are the
experiments on higher order conditioning and
those on curarized animals particularly rele-
vant to the question of the nature of "volun-
tary" or "free-will" behavior.
It is impossible to do justice to the amaz-
ing mass of work going on in Animal Psychol-
ogy. Its first unquestioned achievement is
that of completing the picture of the evolu-
tion of animals by showing the parallel evolu-
tion of behavior in its gradual transition from
"blind animal instinct" to the "creative in-
telligence" supposedly possessed by man. Par-
ticularly important at present are the studies
on the nature of that precursor to the reason-
ing process-trial and error learning. More
light is coming 'on this question from studies
on animal learning than has been shed upon
it si11ce logicians First began telling each other
how they should reason. Equally important
are the careful studies seeking to discntangle
tl1e relative roles of "original" versus 'fac-
quired" animal nature, a problem which
looms so large in human psychology.
Child psychology has solid achievements
to its credit, both practical and theoretical.
Probably the greatest single contribution
Child Psychology has made to humankind is
to furnish objectively definable standards and
criteria for correct techniques in child rais-
ing. It is getting so that one can actually ob-
serve the superiority of the child raised ac-
cording to sound psychological techniques as
against the one raised by strictly amateur par-
ents. No greater error could be made here
than to mistake for the former the child
raised by parents who have read one book by
john B. Vlatson, and one by Sigmund Freud,
the latter cancelling whatever practical effects
tl1e former might have had. Present-day child
psychology has pretty competently answered
some of the time-honored questions as to just
what is or what is not original human nature,
and is at present busily occupied with llrltang-
ling some of the puzzles of specific condition-
ing and specific maturation. Careful studies
of children under controlled conditions, over
longer periods, are giving the answers to many
specific questions, not among the least im-
portant of which are the studies on the in-
fluences of various environmental factors,
both pre-natal and post-natal, on the highly
important trait of intelligence. Many phases
of an old and famous controversial question
can now be answered piecemeal, if not as a
single whole, by specific and quantitative
statements. The naive notions of yesterday
that so easily separated organism and environ-
ment, sound very outmoded in this day of
ingenious experimentation. A group of ex-
perimenters have actually demonstrated the
formation of specific conditioned responses in
as yet unborn infants.
It is a great pleasure to report that Ab-
normal Psychology is now rapidly shedding its
fifty-seven varieties of demonology and be-
coming scientifically as hard-headed and ob-
jective as the divisions concerned with the
more normal aspect 'of behavior. Such text-
books as Shaffer's "Psychology of Adjustmentw
richly fulfill the promise made some years ago
by such books as Hamilton's "Objective
Psychopathology." It has taken abnormal
psychologists and psychiatrists a long time to
realize that dramatic and perhaps racy de-
scriptions of behavior did not constitute
science. Many of these dramatic descriptions
did indeed call attention to recurrent patterns
of behavior and certainly helped to develop
an objective attitude toward the anomalies in
behavior. But there is nothing in the elabo-
rate demonology of Freud, and those that
came after him, that cannot be more simply
stated and explained in the terms now com-
mon to the rest of the field of psychology. It is
in the field of abnormal psychology that the
most direct and practical contact is made with
physiology and organic chemistry. The prac-
tical problems of certain kinds of anomalies
of behavior have a fine disregard for the nice
but artificial separations of problems into dif-
ferent "sciences." Many of these problems
are as yet a no-man's-land. They will later be
classified by the type of teclmique that solves
them. Meantime, the students and doctors
confronted with the practical problems are
grateful for help and methods wherever they
may come from. Many practical techniques
are of the kind commonly called "purely
The application of sound principles of
human behavior to problems of industrial
organization is continuing, particularly dur-
ing a period of expansion in industry when
new workers have to be found for new jobs.
On the reverse side of the business curve, when
the problem is one of firing rather than hir-
ing help, the psychotechnician doesn't find
himself in such great demand except as "ef-
ficiency expert" assisting a speed-up. The field
of vocational guidance and aptitude measure-
ment also encounters the problem of social
and racial prejudices in the selection of ap-
plicants in the professions and of positions in
industry and commerce. In general it can be
said that developments in this field are ahead
of our willingness to make use of them. Such
too is the case in the matter of determination
of guilt in crime and of punishing or reform-
ing or reeducating the criminal. There is now
an increasing willingness to use psychological
methods in the determination of guilt or in-
nocence, not as part of the regular legal pro-
cedure, but as desperate ventures when judges
or governors are hard-pressed. XVitness the
often discovered "lie-detector." It will be a
long hard pull before we have provisions for
making use of even the IHOSI elemental prin-
ciples of human behavior in criminology.
These steps involve the organization of the
entire social system.
The developments in social and racial
psychology lend small comfort to the preju-
dices of the average man and still less to the
political demagogue. The much stressed com-
plexity of social phenomena proves upon ex-
amination to be more the argument against
innovations used by those IHOSI anxious to
keep developments going in some particular
direction pleasing to themselves. The much
emphasized racial differences prove to be con-
venient devices for making social scapegoats,
useful in distracting attention away from oth-
er sore issues.
That sacred imponderable, public opin-
ion, proves to be no metaphysical mystery but
a commodity that can be made to order with-
in limits, measured, sampled and predicted to
a nicety. The "Human Nature" which the
average man is so sure cannot be changed,
proves to be but one particular and highly
specialized pattern of institutions which the
individual has acquired by virtue of the fact
that he was born in a particular Gopher
Prairie, and which would have been quite
otherwise were he born a Patagonian or an
Arapesh, whose "human nature" is perversely
different. WVhat is even more amusing than
the denial that "human nature" can be
changed is the failure to recognize that the
very pattern of human behavior so firmly held
to be unchanging and unchangeable is actu-
ally undergoing a very rapid transformation
directly under our very noses, and is undoubt-
edly foreshadowing more general institutional
changes in the near future. That some of these
changes are on a level of what would popu-
larly be called "the unconscious" in no way
alters the fact that social behavior is indeed
changing. XVhen changes become so obvious
that they must be given cognizance they are
usually credited to the work of 'Aforeign agi-
tators," or to pathological individuals.
It is probably true that comprehending
and controlling our own social behavior in a
truly objective and scientific manner is the
nuclear problem of both science and politics
for the coming generation.
Guokoa B. VETTI-:R
Chemistry may be defined as the study of
all matter, its composition and its transforma-
tions. Modern chemical investigation is like a
"flying wedge" seeking to penetrate the mys-
teries of matter, with the problem of the ulti-
mate structure 'of the atom at the apex, fol-
lowed by an ever-widening field of "pure" and
The fundamental problem of atomic
structure belongs more properly in tl1e do-
main of physics. The basic goal of more clas-
sical chemistry deals, rather, with the behavior
of atoms and their arrangement into larger
units-molecules, ions, crystals, amorphous
bodies. Since, however, it has been found that
the behavior of atoms is greatly influenced by
their internal structure, it is not surprising to
find chapters on subatomic phenomena in An-
nual Surveys of the Chemical Societies and on
atomic structure in the newer chemistry text-
The chemist does not yet have a complete
picture of the arrangement of hydrogen atoms
in the hydrogen moleculei-perhaps the simp-
lest type of chemical combination. Conse-
quently the recent discoveries that there are
no less than three kinds of hydrogen atom
fprotium, deuterium, tritiumj , and two kinds
of hydrogen molecule Qortho- and para-Q,
have given new impetus to the study of this
question and new approaches to the answer.
It is also true that the atomic physicist has
partially realized the alchemist's dream of
transmutation of elements: but the chemist
has found that the new elements provide clues
for the study of' the old, and the synthetic
radioactive elements will have immediate use
in the solution of theoretical and practical
problems. Obviously the emphasis has shift-
ed, the modern scientist no longer is interest-
ed solely in transmuting base metals to gold in
Perhaps the most astonishing result of
the ultra-scientific research into the mysteries
of' the proton, deuteron, neutron, electron.
positron, has been the extraordinary interest
bestowed upon it by the layman. The multi-
plicity of articles in the popular periodicals
and newspapers, purporting to explain such
obstrttse matters as the "principle of uncer-
tainty," the operation of the "cyclotron," or
the theory of "nuclear reactions,', is certain
proof of this. These topics capture the popu-
lar imagination because the findings are so
spectacular, quite apart from any considera-
tion of their practical utility.
In his study of' the more classical objec-
tives, the forces between atoms and the ar-
rangement of atoms into larger units, the
chemist has developed many modern tools.
lnfra red and ultraviolet, spectroscopy, rota-
tional, vibrational, electron diflraction and
Raman Spectra, X-ray analysis of crystals,
liquids, and plastics, electric moments and
molecular polarization, quantum mechanics of
chemical change, entropy of' activation ftruly
a list to confound the chemist of 19005, are
a few of the terms which apply to methods
used in deducing the forces between atoms or
molecules and the mechanism of atomic re-
arrangement, with the expectation of predict-
ing the behavior of familiar substances.
The modern methods of practical chemi-
cal research can be appreciated best by ex-
amining some restricted field such as analyti-
cal chemistry. The time-honored methods of
analysis consisted of taking substances apart
and weighing, or otherwise measuring the con-
stituents, or synthesizing the product from
measured amounts of the components. The
ever-increasing tempo of modern man has cre-
ated new demands for speed in analysis. The
application of '4physical" methods has made
it possible to determine the presence of, and
amounts of, important components of mater-
ials quickly and easily. From electrical con-
ductivity, electromotive force measurements,
volume changes, refractive index, viscosity,
light scattering, fluorescence, light absorption
or color change, rotation of polarized light-
partial or complete pictures of chemical com-
position can be obtained. It is possible, for
example, to analyze steels quantitatively for
half a dozen metals by examining the "spark
spectrum." Chlorine in city water-supplies
Qabout one gram per ton of water at mostj
can be measured quickly and accurately with
the photoelectric colorimeter. The adsorption
of almost infinitesmally small amounts of gas
on a solid surface can be followed with a hot-
wire anemometer in a manner impossible by
older gravimetric methods. The use of x-rays
to analyze metals for flaws, and of fluctuations
of dielectric capacity to analyze criminals for
saws, are widely known but very recent ap-
plications of physical methods.
The wide-spread interest in micro-cl1emi-
cal methods is another example of present day
tendencies. This specialized technique is de-
signed not only to save time but also to work
with a minimum of materials. The import-
ance of this last consideration is obviousg lab-
oratories which investigate vitamines, hor-
mones, new drugs and medicinals, and even
art galleries, have found the efficient methods
of microchemistry indispensable. Although
the magnifying glass is recognized as the tra-
ditional implement of Sherlock Holmes, the
introduction of systematic microchemistry has
made in a few years a new science of crime de-
The influence of applied science on our
modern way of living is truly remarkable.
Every phase of our existence is affected, "from
rubber nipples to coffin handles" might well
be the slogan of industrial chemistry. Ac-
cordingly, it is not surprising that the chemist
who makes a practical synthetic rubber, or a
new drug to alleviate suffering, finds himself
in -the headlines the next day.
Nevertheless the discovery of a new sci-
entihc principle or fact by no means insures
that it can be used immediately for the direct
benefit of mankind. First of all, some particu-
lar phase of the new discovery must prove
sufficiently useful to satisfy an existing need
or to create a new demand. Secondly, an
enormous amount of work is sometimes nec-
essary to develop the initial idea into an eco-
nomical and efficient manufactured article.
The diiliculties of this last phase are seldom
appreciated. Individual inventiveness often
produces the first idea, the marketable product
is, today, produced more and more through
the determined attack of well-organized and
well-equipped laboratories. Every beginner in
chemistry learns that photographic emulsions
consist essentially of gelatine and silver bro-
mide, no experienced chemist could, except
by accident, duplicate a modern fine-grain,
high-speed emulsion. For this it is necessary
to have available the enormous mass of ex-
tremely detailed information accumulated
over many years in the plants which make
these products. Incidentally, it is interesting
to note that, although literally hundreds of
light-sensitive substances are known to the
chemist, only three silver salts have been used
successfully from a practical standpoint.
Although photography is an important
industry largely because it satisfies a natural
artistic urge, many applications of chemistry
have a more prosaic motivation. Frequently,
the principal aim is the manufacture of prod-
ucts which improve on naturally occurring
materials, the synthesis of materials which
otherwise come from expensive, inconvenient,
or unavailable natural sources, or the manu-
facture of products which have known prop-
erties not available at all in natural sub-
The romance of converting coal into
headache tablets, Tyrian purple, moth ballsg
the recovery of bromine from the sea to make
anti-knock gasoline, the conversion of wood
and cotton to rayon and cellophane are well
known. The application of the theory of geo-
metrical and optical molecular asymmetry in
making glare proof glass, the substitution of
a synthetic, moisture-retaining, non-irritating
substance for another natural substance in
cigarettes, the manufacture of non-alkaline,
highly lathering substances of greater deter-
gent powers than soap, are newer, though
highly publicized, developments. The prop-
erties of a glass or glass substitute which is
shatter-proof to be used, for example, in
curved panes for airplane windows, are well
known to engineers and chemists, but the de-
velopment of a completely satisfactory prod-
uct remains in the future. Some products are
developed to fulfill a long felt want, others,
such as new solvems, gums, detergents, pig-
ments, cements, are placed on the market be-
fore any general demand exists, in full confi-
dence that uses for them will appear.
In spite of successful effort in this direc-
tion, tl1e many lucunae which still exist will
stimulate this variety of endeavor unceasingly.
Among problems under active investigation
may be mentioned the making of synthetic
wool fiber from the casein of milk or cheese,
the linear linking of long slender molecules
such as poly-esters to form a new class of fiber.
the more economical production of rubber
substitutes from polymerized polyprenes,
glasses or substitutes which will transmit ul-
traviolet light as well as quartz.
The spectacular advances due to chem-
istry in the field of medicine also are full of
the element of "human interest." An import-
ant branch of this field consists in making and
clinically testing countless variations of sub-
stances of known physiological efficacy in the
hope of increasing the effectiveness or decreas-
ing accompanying toxic properties. The
characteristic atomic groupings of the cocaine
molecule have been shuffled and reshuffled in-
numerable times with this in mind. Hundreds
of arsphenamines and their derivatives have
been made, most of them ineffective or deadly,
a few better than those of twenty years ago.
Everyone has read of the researches and tests
which finally led to the discovery of the
aminophenylsulfonamide compounds known
as Uprontosill' and "prontolyn." Only lack of
space prevents multiplying these examples
XVhen the entire gamut of modern chem-
ical research is scanned, it seems true that the
most concentrated and spectacular attack is at
the two ends of the scale. The fame attendant
upon the discovery of a new element or unit
of matter vies with the more mundane re-
wards of developing a successful commercial
product. It must 11ot be forgotten that the
gulf between is Hlled with more prosaic prob-
lems, and that thousands of chemists little
known outside their profession hll this gap.
They study on the one hand such academic
problems as the correction of atomic weights
and the thermodynamics of electric cells, on
the other hand such practical problems as the
formulation of shoe polishes or the heating
value of coal. No one can predict the next
startling discoveries of chemistryg but we do
know that these less spectacular, routine stud-
ies will never be hnished.
Hi-Mai Mororix and Cliflll. V. Kixc
Teachers Union: A New Vfovement f
Precisely two years ago, -june, ISJ35, some
fifty college teachers in New York City met
at the headquarters of Local 5 of the Ameri-
can Federation of Teachers, to see what steps
they cot1ld take towards the creation of an
effective organization of college teachers.
They saw their profession fairly crippled by
the depression, with salaries and standards
lowering, at the same time they were observ-
ing tl1e growth throughout the country of
successful labor union activity. lt seemed
only logical to apply the remedy to the dis-
ease, so the College section of Local 5 was
In the two years of its existence the Col-
lege section has grown to a membership of
about 650 with strong local chapters at City
College, Brooklyn College, Columbia, N. Y.
U. and Sarah Lawrence: in short, at the
principal institutions of higher learning in the
city. The most urgent grievances seemed to
be at City College, and the union, up to the
present date has been successful in the cases
that it has championed. Some twenty mem-
bers of the staff owe it to the union that they
retain their positions after they had been dis-
missed or threatened with dismissal. From an
attitude of indifference the Board of Higher
Education has turned to a recognition of the
union. Its chairman, Mr. Mark Eisner, has
spoken before the union and openly advised
teachers to join it. Another member of the
board, Mr. Lewis Mumford, has frequently
spoken at forums organized by the union.
At Columbia the chapter of the union
contains many of the most eminent professors
in Teachers College and Union Theological
Seminary. lt has been notable for its advoc-
acy of the rights of the underprivileged 1lOt
on the teaching staff. It co-operated with the
striking employees of the Teachers College
cafeteria. It has affiliated with undergradu-
ate movement in opposing war and fascism,
and in opposing the disciplining of students
active in the A.S.U.
At N.Y.U. the chapter co-operated with
the local chapter of the American Associa-
tion of University Professors in proposing the
estabishment of faculty committees on dis-
missalsg the X'V.S.C. faculty actually set up such
.a committee with full authority so far as the
dean and faculty are concerned to oppose or
to prevent the dismissal of members of the
teaching staffs by department heads. The
chapter is now engaged in research on the
question of salary schedules, basis for pro-
motion, and other problems related to ten-
ure throughout the university.
The College Section believes that the
growth in numbers, influence, and successful
activity is not owing alone to the increasing
interest in their own economic and education-
al problems on the part of the college teach-
ers. Though this is true, it believes that the
method of labor union organization has
proved itself the right medium through which
this growing interest can work. It feels that
its approval of industrial unionism, that its
affiliation with other well wishers throughout
the country, not only affords the teacher their
support and co-operation in teacher problems,
but also heightens his consciousness of demo-
cratic principles and the interests and prob-
ems of the largest percentage of those he
teaches. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, speak-
ing at New Haven, recently stated that it was
imperative for college teachers to join the
union if they desired to meet the social and
economic needs of a new era. "Education for
Democracy: Democracy for Education" is the
official molto of the American Federation of
teachers. The articles in the rlzzicrimzz Tmrlz-
wr, the New York Trfuflmr. and in the local
chapter, N.l'.L'. Tf'KlI'1lI'l', Qisued for the first
time this yearj kept the membership alive to
the progress of the union and labor organila-
tion generally. The College Section presented
its record during the first year of its existence
in a pamphlet, 'fThe College Teacher and the
Trade Union." Herein the aims of the union
I. To Protect and Advance the Economic Interests of College Teachers and other
A. The College Section aims to secure at the public and private colleges:
Uniform rules of appointment, salary and promotion, and uniform enforcement.
Guarantee of minimum salaries and stated increments.
The establishment and preservation of a system of permanent tenure to provide security
for competent educational employees.
The establishment of an appeals machinery for all cases of distnissal. Appellants shall
have the right to open trial, counsel, cross examination of witnesses and all other
Improve the Character and Extend the Scope of College Education.
The College Section seeks to accomplish this in the following ways:
By promoting the maintenance of high standards of teaching and research among
members of the profession.
By influencing educational policy. Education for democracy means education for
peace, for the social welfare, and in the realities of modern times. XVe shall oppose
domination of the colleges by private, political, religious, or economic interests.
By supporting Academic Freedom actively and vigorously. NYC believe in the right
of staff members and students freely to criticize any social policy.
By stimulating educational employees to exercise the full rights of democratic citizen-
ship. XVe shall oppose any restrictive regulation on the outside activities of the
teacher. Participation in the affairs of the community will benefit the comnmnity
and inspire teaching by bringing it closer to life.
By opposing restriction of scientific research and its utilization for anti-social purposes.
By fostering co-operation between the teaching staff and the student body.
By opposing educational retrenclunent. lVe favor increase of the present facilities and
stall so as to provide individual attention for all students and an opening of col-
legiate opportunity to a much larger sector of the population than now enjoys it.
Above, Jerome Rockman, President of
the Senior Class. Modest and retiring,
he led his class during their last two
years in college. Center, Jerry Levy,
co-chairman of the Senior Social Com-
mittee, with the inevitable prom-girl.
Below, Janice Cutler, senior viee-pres-
An Evaluation of a Class
Neither wars, nor cataclysms, nor steaming contro-
versy over social change interrupted the even tenor of
the class of '37s march toward innocuity. Living in
tuntultous times, the class of '37 performed the as-
tounding architectural feat of building its own cloistered
walls in the heart of the biggest city in the world. Un-
rest from without did seep in, but the great majority
shrugged it off as bad plumbingg sought escape in the
grim realities of debate over the respective merits of
Qlj Benny Goodman, Guy Lombardo, Totnmy
Events on the American social and political scene,
however, were of such magnitude during the college
span of the class of '37 that an association with outside
forces is inevitable. But this association is merely
analagous to that of the baby whose birthday happened
to occur the day of the San Francisco earthquake and
ever after found reference made not to the day on which
he was born, but rather to the important event which
took place on that day. I-lad the earthquake not oc-
curred, the birthday would still have been important to
the baby. Had Roosevelt not occurred on the American
scene, God knows what would have been important in
future recollections about the class of y37.
And yet, this class had the same percentage of lead-
ers, had the same percentage of talented individuals
capable of giving direction to its activities, that most
classes usually have. XVhether blame for its inertia was
due to class leaders or the class itself, is unimportant
-wifi is important is that the record demonstrates tm-
mistakably that inertia did exist.
ln other respects. too. this history of the class of '57
seems remarkably inadequate. Politically, it was color-
less. 'lhe 'Agreat game of politicsu was, for the class.
not even a sham battle. For the office of Senior Presi'
dent the class, supposedly reaching the full maturity that
comes with seniordom, watched one candidate nominated
and swept into office in an uncontested election. Most
uncontested elections signify enthusiastic approval. But
this uncontested election was different.
No cheering hordes greeted the new idol. For the
alarmingly high percentage of the senior class that
charged the polls had been drawn not by any great inter-
est in class affairs, but by flaming 13111161171 editorials that
warned of a "real issue" being waged on the Day Org
Presidential battle front, an issue that affected the entire
No history of this senior class could be complete
without some mention of its social activities. The best
test of any group's respect for itself lies perhaps in its
desire to spend relaxation time together. Green room
dances, offering every class in the school an opportunity
to spend an inexpensive evening in a conveniently locat-
ed spot, have always been a tip-off on the real unity of a
class. Interesting, therefore, was the class of '37's al-
most unanimous response to their Green Room affairs.
They stayed away.
Above, Rheta Benjamin, chairman of
the Senior Ball. It took all her debat-
ing ability, and a lot more, to put over
the classes big affair. Center, Bernie
Zeldow, chairman of Senior VVeek, who
did his best to give an unenthusiastic
class an enthusiastic wind-up. Below,
Muriel Ginsberg, co-chairman of the
Senior Social Committee.
Most interesting sight in New York
Sight most typical of New York . . .
Do you think Tammany will elect the next
mayor ...... .
YVould you vote for LaGuardia . . .
Are you in favor of the Child Labor Amend-
Do you favor the present strict U. S. non-inter-
vention policy in regard to Spain . .
Do you believe the power of the Supreme Court
should be restricted .....
Are you in accord with the Presidents method of
Do you sanction sit-down strikes . . .
Do you think we're heading towards public
X'Vould you accept any sort of a job on gradu-
ation . . . .
lVould you accept relief . . . . .
Have you Hworkedl' your four years at college to
its greatest potentialities ....
YVhat do you expect to be making five years from
now . . .
Favorite movie actor
Favorite stage actor
Favorite movie actress
Favorite stage actress . .
All time motion picture favorite
All time stage production favorite
Favorite morning newspaper .
Favorite afternoon newspaper
Favorite columnist .....
Are you in favor of minimum wages and maxi-
Illlllll l1Olll'S . . .
XVhat's your favorite radio hour
YVhat's your favorite radio personality
Do you think "it can happen here"?
Times Square-New Year's Eve
. Xlvllllkllll Powell
. Myrna Loy
. The Informer
Cyrano de Bergerac
. N. Y. Times
XVorld - 'Felegram
. . . . Yes
. . Fred Allen
Most beautiful co-ed .
Most popular boy
Most popular girl
Class athlete , .
Most likely to succeed
Class politician .
Best-dressed woman .
Most typical ol 1V.S.C.
Most brilliant . .
Did most lor tl1e school
Did the school for most.
. Jerry Levy
Most respected . . Arthur Reiser
Most brilliant co-ed Sylvia Marks
Class egotist . Rheta Benjamin
Most l1U1l10110US YValter Newman
Laziest . Leonard Berkowitz
Favorite professor . Bl11'gU111
Most "cut' professor Barnicle
"Cutest" professor Toven
Best teacher . Bruun
Easiest marker . . . Bridgeman
Most stimulating professor . . . Hook
Course liked most . Contemporary Novel
Course liked least .... . . . Math
Age at which XVO111611 expect to marry . 24
Age at which women would like to inarry 21
Age at wl1icl1 111Cl1 expect to marry . . 28
Age at which 111C11 would like to marry . 25
Number of Cl1llQll'C11 men would like to have . . 2
Number of cl1ildren women would like to have . . . 2
Greatest living An1erica11 man . . . . Roosevelt
Greatest living A111erica11 woman . . Margaret Sanger
Greatest American personality of all time . Lindbergh
Greatest living ma11 .... . Einstein
Greatest living woman .
Most outstanding New Yorker .
ROSALI ND ADELMAN
, '4 4 '
RGE H. ALLEN
ANTHO l ARAGONA
HELEN ADELHERG, 24l Van Vorst Street, jersey'
City, N. Vice-President, Social Chairman, Feb-Sept.
Freshman Class, Spanish Club, Circulation Manager,
Vnrielz'r'.s'. ROSALIND ADELMAN, 320 Central Park
YVest, N. Y. C. INEZ ALEXANDER, 3211 Beverly
Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. MARGUERITE ALFANO,
do Venezuelan Consulate. ll5 Iiroacl Street, N. Y. C.:
Spanish Cluhg Italian Club: Spanish Coach. GEORGE
H. ALLEN, 5515 YY. llll Slreet, N. Y. C. ANTHONY
ARAGONA. l02li 65 Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. LL'-
CILLE AUGUST, 2l XY. 86 Street. N. Y. C. FLOR-
ENCE AYRESO, 8108 12 Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.
FLORElN C E XY RESO
GLORIA E. BAI RD
MARGARET P. BACHMAN, 1795 Riverside Drive,
New York, N. Y. GLORIA E. BAIRD, 107-311 171
Street, Jamaica, Queens, N. Y.: American Literary
Society, Book Clubg Spanish Club. ROBERT BAKER,
152 Sherman Avenue, jersey City, N. Alpha Kappa
Delta, Sociology Society. EVELYN BARSHAK, 1018
E. 163 Street, Bronx: Senior Social Coin. SELMA
BARSKY, 911 1Valton Ave., Bronx. ROSALIND
BASECU, 1751 E. 28 St., Brooklyn, N. Y. AARON
BASKIN, 681 Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Secre-
tary, Day Organization, President, Psychology Groupg
Committee of Upperclass Counsellors for Freshrnen.
ROS XLIND BASESCU
EDWVARD BASSUK, 705 l'Vi1lougl1by Ave., B'klyn,
N. Y.: XV. S. C. Champ. Basketball Squad g Com-
merce Bullelin Album. VITO BAZILAUSKAS, 51
Wilson Pl., Irvington, N. Biology Group, Mandel
Chem. Society, Art Staff, Varieties. SAUL BECKER
250 XV. 94 St., N. Y. C.: Junior and Senior Ball, Class,
Social, Senior XVeek Comms., Menorahg Chairman, Sr.
Boat Ride. MORTON BEER, 1317 Findlay Ave.,
Bronx, N. Y.: Mandel Chem. Society, Biology Group.
LEON BEERMAN, l2l4 Lincoln Pl., B'klyn, N. Y
CAROLYN BELFER, 205 E. l7 St., B'klyn, N. Y
RHETA BENJAMIN, 426 Rugby Rd., B'klyn, N. Y..
JOYCE BENNE' lvl'
Tau Kappa Alpha: Alb1111l,' Varsity Dcbatcg lizzllzflim
Business Manager, SIIIIIIIIFI' Hfzllfflirzf vice-president.
International Relations Club: D. S.: Chairman Sen.
Ball: Baskelballg Hockcy. JOYCE BENNETT, 898
XVesL End Arc., N. Y. C.: Book Club: French Club.
IRVING BERELSON, 1221 -H St., Pfklyn, N. Y.: Prcs.
Historical Society: Int. Relations Club: Junior. Senior
Social Comms.: Comm. of ljppcrclass Council-
lors for Fresh. LEONARD BERKOXYITZ, -H0 E. Ili
St., N. Y. C.: Alpha Lambda Phi: Editor, Hv11iezu.' Al-
bum. lRVlNG BERMAN, l529 Plimpton Avenue,
Bronx. N. Y. ARTHUR BERNSTEIN, 478 Cemral
IRVING B "LSON
Park lVest, N. Y. C.: .Iunior Social, Junior Prom Corn-
mitteesg Chairman, Junior Men's Affairs Committee.
BERNARD BERSTEIN, 1909 E. 17 Street, Brooklyn,
N. Y.: Psychology Club. DORIS BERNSTEIN, 522
XV. 211 Street, N. Y. C. EST1-IER BESSEN, l90 Beach
149 Street, Neponsit, L. I., N. Y. BERTI-IA BICK, 617
VVest End Avenue, New York, N. Y. TANYA
BLANC, 1030 Park Place, Brooklyn, N. Y.: German
Clubg Book Cluhg Sociology Club. ANNA BOL-
LAND, 447 8 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Omega Pig
Christian Assoeiationg Deutscher Verein. ARTHUR
BORCHEK, 129 Magnolia Avenue, Jersey City, N.
MAURICE BORER, 1439 President Street, Brooklyn,
N. Y.: Alpha Lambda Phi. SIDNEY L. BOTVINIK,
1634 E. 2 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Circulation Man-
ager, Album, Associate Board, Bulletin, Secretary,
Elections Committee. EDITH HELEN BREHM, 30-
70 32 Street, Astoria, L. I.: Book Club, French Club,
Spanish Club, Pan-American Club, Christian Asso-
ciation, Varicflies. ENID BRESL.-XXV, 2256 78 Street
Brooklyn, AN. Y.: Pre-Professional Study Group, Bio-
logy Group, Mandel Chemistry Society, Associate Edi-
tor, Lantern. LOUIS BRIGNOLE, l7l YV. 4 Street,
New York, N. Y.: Physics Club, Biology Group.
DITH HELEN BREHM
MIRIAM BRIM, 2345 Broadway, New York, N. Y.:
Mandel Chemistry Society, Biology Group, Dramatic
Society. JEROME BROOKS, 934 Carroll Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Alpha Lambda Phi, Editor, Album,
Committee of Upperclass Counsellors for Freshmen,
Revz'ezu,' Square, XV.S.C. Delegate to Associated Col-
legiate Press Convention, 1936. BERNICE BROWN,
57 Summit Avenue, Newark, N. Vice-President,
Math Club, Secretary, Evening Math Club, Junior
Advisory Committee, Book Club, Editor, tlfath X.
PAUL BRUNS, 3463 Cannon Place, New York, N. Y.:
Delta Phi Alpha, Bulleling Committee of Upperclass
A XRON BUCHSB AU NI
Sl-IIRLICY , 'SAR
Counsellors lor Freslnueng Varsity Golf, President
Deutscher Verein. AARON BUCHSBAUM, 37 River-
side Drive, New York, N. Y. HEATRlCE BUSCH
38 johnson Avenue, Newark, N. QI. SHIRLEY CAE-
SAR, 101-22 48 Avenue, Corona, Queens, N. Y.: Dean,
Alpha Epsilon Phi, Student Delegateg Junior, Senior
Social Committees, Delegate to Tyrean Councilg Jun-
ior Aclvisorv Committee. CLARA CALI, 2055 E. 47
Street. Brooklyn, N. Y. LIEANETTE CAMUS, 352
XV. l2 Street, New York, N. Y.: French Club. LES-
TER CANDELA, 576 18 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Freshman Debating: Everiirzg News: Secretary,
H U CO CASTELLO
FR AN AURO
Science Society, Psychology Club, Art Club. MARIO
CAPIO, 393 Summer Street, Paterson, N. HUGO
CASTELLO, 6031 Delafielcl Avenue, Riverdale, New
York, N. Y.: Sigma, President, Justiniang Discipline
Committee, Varsity Fencing, Spanish Club. MILTON
CEDAR, 222 Broadway, Amityville, L. I., N. Y. AL-
LEN CEDERBAUM, 90 E. 8 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
FRANCIS CELAURO, 243 E5 Street, Jersey City, N.
Newman Club. CHARLES FELIX CHAYES, 43
Hlykagyl Terrace, New Rochelle, N. Y.: Critic, Re-
view. MORTIMER CI-lOI,S'I', H585 E. 94 Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Mandel Chemistry Society: Biology
MORTIM ER CHOLST
CHARLES FELlX CHAYES
Groupg W.S.C. Sophomore Basketball, N.Y.U. Fresh-
man Baseball. JOSEPH CIARDIELLO, 144 Carson
Avenue, Richmond, N. Y. WVATSON CICHY, 1908
8 Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Psychology Associationg
Biology Group, Mandel Chemistry Society, Newman
Club. JACK CITRIN, 284 Grand Street, Brooklyn,
N. Y. BEATRICE COHAN, 418 Broadway, Bayonne,
N. Lambda Gamma Phi, Sociology Club, Biology
Group. ABRAHAM COHEN, ll59 56 Street, Brook-
lyn, N. Y. EMANUEL S. COHEN, 901 Ogden Ave-
nue, New York, N. Y.: Senior Ball, Senior Social Com-
mitteesg Mandel Chemistry Society, Biology Group.
LEONARD COHEN, 595 Vermont Street, Brooklyn,
N. Y. MARJORIE COHEN, 938 E. 14 Street, Brook-
lyn, N. Y. MAXIMILLIAN CRISPIN, 15 E. 94
Street, New York, N. Y. FLORENCE CROMIEN,
115 YVilson Street, Hartsdale, N. Y. FLORENCE
CUTLER, 1745 President Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Aj.-XNICE CUTLER, 317 E. 13 Street, New York, N.
Y.: Vice-President, Senior Class, President, Aeselepiad,
Vice-President, Biology Group. GEORGETTE
DACHTU, 237 Wlest Fulton Street, Long Beach, L. L,
N. Y.: Vice-President, Secretary, French Club. BON-
NIE DANIELSON, 1391 Madison Avenue, New York,
N. Y. ARTHUR DAVIDSON, 417 Parsons Boule-
yard, Malba, I.. I., N. Y. VINCENT DE GAETANO.
ti9I Hart Street, Brooklyn, Y.: Psychology Associa-
IIOIIQ Mandel Chemistry Society, Biology Group.
HENRY DENZEL, 36 Garden Street, VVest Engle-
wood, N. PETER DI NARDO, 146 Hillside Ave-
nue, Bridgeport, Conn.: Book Club, Italian Club,
Anti-INar Cornmitteeg Discipline Committee. JOSEPH
DOLGIN, II26 E. 9 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
ARTHUR DOLNANSKY, I0 Monroe Street, New
York, N. Y. MARTIN DONENFELD, I375 St.
Marks Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. TANYA DONO-
PETER DI NARDO
XVITZ, 1518 XVa1ton Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Efleeticg
Square Economics Society: Dramatic Soeietyg Ameri-
can Student Union. DUANE DORSETT, 22 XY. S
Street, New York, N. Y. FREDERICK DORST, 11
Rutland Road, Brooklyn, Y. MARJORIE
DOUGLIS, 410 Riverside Drive, New York, N. Y.:
Choral Society, Philosophical Society, American Stu-
dent Union. FLORENCE DUBINSKY, XV. 86
Street, New York, N. Y. BERNARD DUHAN, 701
XV. 175 Street, New York, N. Y.: Assistant Manager,
Varsity Basketballg Manager, Debating Society: Men-
orah: XV.S.C. Baseball: 1'o'itiea1 Science Club: Dra-
T 2 l
matic Society. FREDERICK DUMOULIN, 522 E.
156 Street, Bronx, N. Y. MILTON EISENBERG,
529 Sheffield Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. HERBERT
EISLER, 430 John Street, East Newark, N. Beta
Lambda Sigmag Delta Phi Alpha, Biology Groupg
Mandel Chemistry Society, Caduceang Dramatic So-
ciety. LESTER EISNER, 202 Dodd Street, VVee-
hawken, N. J. EVELYN ELKIN, 659 Ocean Avenue,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Sigma Sigma. MILTON ELLER,
204-I0 Hillside Avenue, Hollis, Queens, N. Y. JOHN
ERIVIN, 132 Grant Avenue, Farmingdale, N. Y.
LEO FAHNRICH, 2ll7A E. 23 Street, Brooklyn, N.
FREDERICKD I OULIN
B TON EISENBERG
EVEL l ELKIN
Y. YVALTER FAHRER, 129 20 Street, YVest New
York, N. German Club. MURIEL FARBER, 30-
26 36 Street, Long Island City, N. Y. FLORENCE
FAUST, 779 Prospect Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. HER-
BERT FEDERBUSH, 298 Avenue P, Brooklyn, N.
Y.: Track, Footballg Math Club. EDYTHE FEIN-
BERG, 975 YValton Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Delta Phi
Epsilon, Business Adviser, Bulletin, Advertising Man-
ager, Album, Varieties. GERALDINE FELDMAN,
1680 Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. HERBERT
FISHBEIN, 304 E. 2 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. LEON-
ARD L. FISCHMAN, 428 Grant Avenue, Brooklyn,
FLORE. 'CE FAUSI'
HERBERT FEDE R I3 U SH
Y.: Sigma: Associate Editor, lizzllzfling Albzung Stu-
lent Councilg Debating Societvg Square Economics
Society: Dramatic Society. EDMUND FONTA-
NELLA, I5-I Lincoln Avenue, Hawthorne, N.
Math Club. MANET FOXVLER, 76 Edgecombe
Avenue, New York, N. Y.: Album: Associate Board,
l?1zllf:l1'n,' XV.S.C. Choral Societvg Fourth Estate Clubg
Executive Committee, American Student Uniong
David james Burrell Prizeg Alpha Kappa Delta: Bach
Cantata Society. EDITH FOX, Franklyn Apart-
ments, Mamaroneck, N. Y. GEORGIANA FOX, 7
Lincoln Place, Grantwood, N. President, Christian
MURIEL FA I-
EDYTHE F ' NBERG
HERBFRI It ISHBEIN
LEONARD L. FISCHMA '
Association, President, Canterbury Clubg Junior Ad-
visory Committee. LEONARD FOX, 21 Grandview
Avenue, Monsey, N. Y.: Mandel Chemistry Society,
Psychology Club, Biology Group. SYLVLA FREE-
MAN, 1455 Sheridan Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. MILTON
FRIED, 567 Bradford Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Leader,
Sigma, Associate Edit-or, Album, Square Economics
Society: Assistant Comptroller, Day Organization:
Committee ol Uppercilass Counsellors for Freshmen.
MARTHA FRIEDMAN, 97-05 Jerome Avenue, Ozone
Park, Queens, N. Y. SYLVIA FRIEDMAN, 1720 E.
19 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. SELMA FRISHLING, 60
2 Avenue, New York, Y.: Book Club. DAVID
FUCHS, 1474 Jesup Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. ARTHUR
H. GAMSON, 3201 Neptune Avenue, Brooklyn, N.
Y. NATHAN GENDEL, 768 Brady Avenue, Bronx,
N. Y.: Spanish Club, Physics Club, Biology Group,
Mandel Chemistry Society, Senior Week Committee.
ETTA GERSTEIN, 1367 80 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Dramatic Society, Fencing Club, Pre-Professional
Group, Science Society. MURIEL GINSBERG, 985
Bergenline Avenue, Union City, N. Spanish Club,
Junior Advisory Committee, Secretary, Historical So'
ciety, Chairman, Senior Social Committee, Junior
SYLVIA FRI f MAN
.-XRTHU R H. CAMSO
Social Committee, Dramatic Society. HERMAN
GITTES, 38 Aldine Street, Newark, N. DAVID
GLADSTONE, 16 Vreeland Terrace, jersey City, N.
President, Evening Organization, Chairman, Even-
ing Clubs. ELEANOR GOLDBERG, 571 Avenue C,
Bayonne, N. Book Club, American Literature So-
ciety, French Club. GABRIEL F. GOLDSTEIN, 225
XV. 86 Street, New York, N. Y.: Business Manager,
B1lH6ll'7Ij Associate Chairman, Elections Committee,
Album. MARTIN GOLDSTEIN, 1680 Clay Avenue,
Bronx, N. Y. MORTON GOLDXVURM, 215 E.
Cunhill Road, Bronx, N. Y.: Physics Society, Biology
GABRIEL F. GOLDSTEIN
Group. HERBERT GORDON, 3990 Saxon Avenue,
Bronx, N. Y.: XV.S.C. Choral Society. HERBERT
GOTTLIEB, 301 E. 21 Street, New York, N. Y.: Sig-
ma: President, Day Organization: Associate Editor,
Crilir. DOROTHY GRIMMELMAN, 32 92 Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Eclectic: Captain, XVOIIICILS Fencing:
Eta Sigma Phi: Stevenson Club. ALVIN GROSS,
l653 Sheepshead Bay Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. MIL-
TON GROSS, 226 Dwight Street, jersey City, N.
Manager, XV.S.C. String Orchestra: XV.S.C. Choral So-
ciety: Madrigal Society, Director, XV.S.C. Trio, Quar-
tet: Director, Radio Music Group. EDXVARD GUR-
HERBER I GO1 PI LIEB
DOROTHY GRlMMELMi Nl
NIEXVICZ, 640 60 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Cadueean
Soeietyg German Club, Chess Club, Biology Group.
IRENE GUTTMAN, 233 Keap Street, Brooklyn, N.
Y. CHARLES F. HAAS, 97-25 126 Street, Richmond
Hill, Y. BERNARD HALFOND, 1567 Fulton
Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Tau Kappa Alpha, Secretary,
A.A. Board ol' Control, Associate Editor, Vrlriclirfsg
Student Director, N.Y.U. Debating, A.A. Represen-
tative lor lV.S.C.g Member, Intramural Council,
lV.S.C. Captain, Varsity Debate. LAURA HALPERN,
2868 Heath Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Chancellor, Lamb-
da Gamma Phig Vice-President, Sophomore Classg
CHARLES F. HAAS V
Junior Social Committeeg W.S.C. Choral Society.
SARA HAMMER, 182 W. 31 Street, Bayonne, N.
NATHAN HANDLIN, 6208 20 Avenue, Brooklyn
N. Y. ADELE HILDA HARTMAN, 151 WV. 74
Street, New York, N. Y.: Iota Alpha Pig Junior Ad-
visory Committee, Book Club. ROSE HARTMANN.
86-42 Clio Avenue, Hollis, Queens, N. Y.: Aesclepiad,
Beta Lambda Sigmag Delta Phi Alpha. PETER
HASELBAUER, 260 E. 72 Street, New York, N. Y.:
N.Y.U. Philatelic S o c i e t y 3 Management Club.
LOUISE HAWKINS, Mansheld Avenue, Darien,
Conn. GERARD HEIMS, 325 YV. 86 Street, New
LE HILDA HARTMAN
A PETER HASFLRAITF
ANNE RE ' LA HIRSCH
York, N. Y. ANNE REVELLA HIRSCH, 706 River-
side Drive, New York, N. Y.: Treasurer, Alpha Ep-
silon Phi, Bulletin. THOMAS HOCHMEISTER,
59-22 Linden Street, Ridgewood, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Fourth Estate Club, Spanish Club, Don R. Mellett
Memorial Prize. ALBERT HOLUB, 85-21 56 Ave-
nue, Elmhurst, L. I., N. Y.: International Relations
Club, German Club, Christian Club. ELAINE
HORWITZ, 33-44 154 Street, Flushing, N. Y.: Alpha
Epsilon Phig Eclecticg Treasurer, League of YVomeng
W.S.C. Chorus. DANIEL HYMAN, 6413 19 Avenue,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Medley, Triad. MARY IRACI, 440
T OMAS HOCHMEISTER
ELAIN E HORXVITZ
DANIEL , YMAN
83 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. GEORGE JACOBS, 918
-I3 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Chancellor, Phi Lambda
Deltag Vice-President, Evening Organization, Social
Chairman, Evening Organilationg Executive Commit-
tee. Science Societyg Student Councilg Chairman,
Com. 'ol Upperclasstnen Counsellors lor Ereslnneng
Student Guide Com.: Evening Prom Cont., Chairman.
Sophomore Social Cont. PEARL JACOBS, 90 River-
side Drive, New York, N. Y. RITA JANOSKA, 44-
17 64 Street, NVoodside, N. Y. ESTELLE B. JOA-
CHIM, H46 E. 26 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Sigma
Sigma, Elementary Education Clubg Junior Advisory
GEORGE . COBS
ESTELLE B. JOACHIM
Connnittee. JAMES JONES, Jr., 226 XV. 150 Street
New York, N. Y.: Freshman Track, Basketball, Man
clel Chemistry Society, Biology Group. ALEX
ANDER KANDEL, 156 2 Avenue, New York, N. Y
FLORENCE KAPLAN, 513 E. 79 Street, New York
N. Y. ARTHUR KAPPLOXV, 1500 1,0P1l3lH Avenue
Bronx, N. Y.: Sports Editor, Bulleting Student Ar
ranger of Music, XV.S.C. Choral Societyg Assistant
Conductor, Maclrigal Societyg Freshman Basketball
XV.S.C. Basketball. MAY KASNER, 2065 Morris
Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. ESTI-IER KATZ, 34 Seigel
Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Alpha Kappa Delta, Histori-
cal Society, Junior Advisory Committee. MILTON
S. KESSLER, 152 Lyons Avenue, Newark, N.
American Student Union. JESS KIMMEL, 48 Ash-
ford Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Alpha Phi Omega, Pres-
ident, Dramatic Society, Associate Editor, Lantern,
Production Manager, Varsity Show, Committee of
Upperclass Counsellors for Freshmen. ARTHUR
KIPNIS, 658 Bergenline Avenue, YVest New York, N.
J.: Album, Intramural Basketball, Spanish Club,
Bulletin, Model Convention. MALVIN KITTAY,
2939 Brighton 7 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Mandel
Chemistry Society, Math Club. PAUL KIVEL-
EWITZ, 3l Fairmont Street, Norwich, Conn.: Varsity
Debate. FREDA KLEIN, 300 Riverside Drive, New
York, N. Y. LEO KLEIN, 3467 De Kalbe Avenue,
Bronx, N. Y.: Mandel Chemistry Society, Psychologi-
cal Associationg Biology Group. SELMA KLEIN,
ll22 Avenue N, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Pi Mu Epsilong Sec-
retary, Math Clubg Evening Math Club. RUTH
KLEINBERG, 326 E. 78 Street, New York, N. Y.
DAVID KLEINER, 1874 76 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Caducean Society, Beta Lambda Sigma, Committee of
Upperclass Counsellors for Freshmen, Senior Social
ESTHER G . LE KOBET
Connnittees, l'sycl1oloU'ical Association, B i o 1 o U' y
1 ij D ,
Group, Mandel Clleniistry Society. HERMAN
KLEINMAN, 1749 57 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Vice-
President, Caducean Society, Historical Society, Man-
del Clicniistry Society, Biology Group. EDXVARD
KLEY, 95-23 107 Street, Richmond I-lill, Queens, N.
Y.: Psyclrology Club, Newman Club, Biology Group,
Mandel Cl1CllllSl1'Y Society. ESTHER GRACE KO-
Pl'1', 1349 Lexington Avenue. New York, N. Y.
BETTY KOSKI, 138 Sullivan Place, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Phi Sigma Sigma, Elections Committee, Circulation
Manager, Crilir. LEONARD KRAMER, 107 XV. 86
RA N RRAUS
Street, New York, N. Y. FRANCES KRAUS, 3115
Brighton 4 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Reviewg Dramatic
Society. RUTH KREUTZER, 3294 Bedford Avenue,
Brooklyn, N. Y. HAROLD KREVSKY, 223 3 Street,
Elizabeth, N. Vice4l'resident, Secretary, Aleph
Zadek Aleph. ALVIN KRINSRY, 22 NV. 83 Street,
New York, N. Y.: Menorah, Vnricliesg Dramatic S0-
tiety. THELMA KRUMAN, 65 Goldsmith Avenue,
Newark, N. RITA KURTZBERG, 3923 210 Street,
Bayside, N. BERNARD KUSHEL, 2l55 67
Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Le Cercile Frangaisg American
Literature Society Varsity Field Band. ELEANOR
BERNARD J. 14UsHEL
KUSHEL, 7020 Bay Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y.
HELEN KUTCHER, 62 YV. 94 Street, New York, N.
Y. PEARL LANCET, 2471 Grand Avenue, Bronx,
N. Y. LAVVRENCE LARSEN, 199 Beechwood Ave-
nue, Richmond, N. Y. LOIS LAUER, 54 Harrison
Street, Stapleton, Richmond, N. Y. ROBERT LAU-
TERBACH, 780 Rugby Road, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Chairman, Program Committee, Caducean Societyg
Biology Group, Mandel Chemistry Society, Pre-Pro-
fessional Group. BEATRICE LEHMAN, 920 Linden
Boulevard, Brooklyn, N. Y. ALEXANDER LEM-
BERGER, 1640 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y.
BE -X I RIC E LEHM AN
BENJAMIN ' '. LEVINSON
JACOB LEVENTHAL, 4800 14 Avenue, Brooklyn,
N. Y. LILLIAN LEVINE, '72 Daniel Low Terrace,
Richmond, N. Y.: Varsity Fencing, Secretary, Psi Chi,
Book Club, Anti-War Committee. BENJAMIN T.
LEVINSON, North Main Street, Spring Valley, N. Y.:
Tau Delta Phi, Psychology Club, Interfraternity
Council. HATTIE LEVY, 160 YV. 33 Street, Bayonne,
N. Book Clubg American Literature Society, French
Club. HENRY LEVY, 415 Ovington Avenue, Brook-
lyn, N. Y. JEROME LEVY, 477 Brooklyn Avenue,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Co-Chairman, Senior Social Com-
mittee. NORMAN LEIVIS, l005 Jerome Avenue,
Bronx, N. Y.: Fencing HQ, Co-Captain, '36-'37, Sen-
ior Ball Connnitteeg French Cluh. SIDNEY LIBS-
MAN, 127 Bay 37 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Mandel
Chemistry Societyg Biology Group, Deutscher Yerein.
MARIE LICATA, 52 Spruce Street, Corona, N. Y.
BERNARD LIEBI-IABER, I733 E. 4 Street, Brook-
lyn, N. Y. FRANCES LINDENBAUBI, 1810 E. 22
Street, Brooklyn. N. Y.: Chancellor, Pi Alpha Tau:
Deutscher Verein: Student Council. BEATRICE
LINDERMAN, l96f1 Chapel Street, New Haven,
Conn.: Sociology Club, Junior Prom Conunitteeg
Vr1r1'e'f1'cs. HYMAN LIPPMAN, -144 Morris Avenue,
FR ANCES LlNIDElN BAUM
IBEATRIGE l.I NDERM.- Y
Newark, NJ.: Cadueean Society: Bela Lambda Sigma:
Pi Mu Epsilon: Treas., Biology Group: Mandel Chem-
istry Society. ROSE LI'l'T, 585 XVest End Avenue,
New York, N. Y.: Pi Alpha Tau. QIOSEPH LOGA-
SGIO, 2223 Lodoviek Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. CAR-
MEI.O LOCICERO, 7-1 Marshall Street, Paterson,
N. SIGMUND LOEXVENTHAI., 769 St. Marks
Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. BARTLO LOMBARDO,
I2-30 Malvern Street, Newark, N. GEORGE LON-
DON, 302 Nostrand Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y. ANNE
LOSGALZO, 3078 38 Street, Long Island Gitv, N. Y..
Lambda Gamma Phi: Mandel Chemistry Society,
C. 1 1
Junior Social Committee. MIRIAM LUBELL, 3349
Steuben Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Freshman Social Com-
mittee, Secretary, Sociology Club. STANLEY HAR-
RIS LUNITZ, 250 YVest 99 Street, New York, N. Y.:
Medley, Dramatic Society, VIH"Z'61i6S. HILDRETH
LUSTGARTEN, 237 E. 175 Street, Bronx, N. Y.
AGNETA LUX, 666 St. Marks Avenue, Brooklyn,
N. Y. EDXVARD MCALLISTER, 147-21 17 Road,
VVhiteslone, Queens, N. Y.: President, Newman Club,
Chairman, Interfaith Council, Committee of Upper-
class Counsellors for Freshmen. BEATRICE Mc-
CLEARY, 312 Manhattan Avenue, New York, N. Y.
HILDRETH L USTCARTEN
S . NLEY HARRIS LUNITZ
ROSEMARY MCCOLLU M, 756 Paterson Plank Road,
North Bergen, N. HELEN MCGANN, 354 E. 21
Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. SYLVIA MADFES, 135
Eastern Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y. LILLIAN MAI-
SEL, 109-14 Ascan Avenue, Forest Hills, N. Y.: Vice-
President, Psi Chi, Vice-President, Psychology Club.
LEONARD MANDEL, 2-1 State Normal Place, Jersey
City, N. President, Tau Kappa Alphag Varsity De-
bate, Chess Teamg Business Manager, Square, Varie-
Iiesg Junior Prom Committee. RUTH MANDEL-
BAUM, 520 YV. 150 Street, New York, N. Y. HELEN
MARGON, 235 Mt. Hope Place, Bronx, N. Y. LU-
CILLE MARKOXV, ltS8l E. 28 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
SYLYLX MARKS, 2305 Avenue L, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Eta Sigma Phi: Sussman Memorial .-Xwarcl: Btlllzflin:
Ifezfiezvq Varsity Show: Dramatic Soeietyg :iHlll7H,' Elec-
tions Committee: Senior Ball Committeeg Vfl7'iI'fir".Y,'
.Xnti-XYztr Committeeg l.nnl1'r11. EYELYN MARMUR,
l730 Carroll Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Vice-l't'esitleut.
Frcsluuan Class: Junior Prom Committee: League of
X'Vomeu Luncheon Committeeg Fall Frolie Committeeg
Sociology Club. Pl-IYLLIS MAZZ.-XRELLA, 3309 34
Avenue. Long lslaml City, N. Y. HARRIET MEISE-
LAS, 830 E. -18 Street, Brooklyn. N. Y. RALPH
EVELYN MARM OR
XL! XRI LL X
MELTZER, Lake House, Wloodridge, N. ROSE
MELTZER, ll-1 Outwater Lane, Garfield, N.
French Club. DANIEL MENDELSON, 1732 Ocean
Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y. BERNARD MILLER, 811
Crotona Park North, Bronx, N. Y.: Square Economics
Society, Medley. SAUL MILLER, 811 Crotona Park
North, Bronx, N. Y.: Square Economies Societyg flied-
ley. VERA MILLER, 40-02 207 Street, Bayside, L. I.,
N. Y. ELEANOR MILSTEIN, 1635 Popham Ave-
nue, Bronx, N. Y. JOAN MINDLIN, 169-02 Hillside
Avenue, Jamaica, Queens, N. Y.: Freshman Fencing
Club, French Club, Review, Fall Frolic Committee,
DAN IEL XILNDLLSON
Junior Prom, Sophomore Social Comniittees. CER-
TRUDE MIRSKY, 30 XVCSIIIHHSICI' Road. Brooklyn.
N. Y. MARION MONDSCHEIN, 1527 Ocean Park-
way, Brooklyn. N. Y. RITA MOREAU, 311 6 Street,
Union City, N. Historical Society, l'an-American
Society. FLORENCE MOSKOYVITZ, 3111 Glenwood
Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. THED.-X MOSS, 334 XV. 87
Street, New York, N. Y. JOHN MUDREY, 710
Leonard Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. RENEE MYERS,
1605 XValt0n Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Leader, Eclectic:
Varsity Debating: Tau Kappa Alpha: Secretary, Anti-
YVar Connnitteez Secretary, American Student Union!
R1 'X NIOREA1'
Le S 1
Secretary, Philosophical Soeietyg Student Couneilg
Square Economies Society. GEORGE NACHTRAB,
69-13 68 Street, Glendale, L. 1., N. Y.: Spanish Clubg
Le Cerele Franeaisg Association of Spanish Teachers.
IRVING NAIDORF, 1441 E. 32 Street, Brooklyn, N.
Y.: Freshman Footballg Biology Groupg Mandel Chem-
istry Soeietyg Orchestra. ANNA NELSON, 151 So. 12
Avenue, Mount Vernon, N. Y. SARA NELSON, 151
So. 12 Avenue, Mount Vernon, N. Y. YVALTER NEYV-
MAN, 25 Central Park XVest, New York, N. Y.: Psi
Chig Bullr'lin,' Freshman Advisory Committeeg Psycho-
logy Club, Album. IRVING NICHOLSON, 1649 E.
JOHN M UDREY
GEORGE N AC HTRA
AN NA N ELSON
4 Street, New York, N. Y.: Editor, Ezlerzirzg Nezus:
Chairman, Evening Clubs, Evening Council: Draina-
tic Society. NILS NORDSTROM, Jr., 664 88 Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Freslnnan Track. MILTON OKIN,
H75 Grand Concourse, Bronx, N. Y.: Associate Edi-
tor, I.r1nIzfr11,' Biology Group. MARCELLA OKUN,
352 Stone Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Senior Social
Connnittee. CHARLES OULIGIAN, 550 XV. 174
Street, New York, N. Y. DORIS L. PALMER, 63 XV.
1 Street, Freeport, N. Y.: Varsity Hockey, Captain,
Varsity Basketball: XVOIDCILS Athletic Council: Eroa
McCready Award, Spanish Club. BENJAMIN PAY-
SARA N ' SON
IRVING N ICHOLSON
NILS NoRs'1'RoM, ly
NIILT Y OKIN
SON, I428 Harrod Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Beta Lamb-
da Sigma: Caducean Society: Mandel Chemistry So-
ciety: Biology Group. FLORENCE PECK, 305 Fre-
mont Street, Peekskill, N. Y.: President, Beta Phi Al-
pha: Rush Captain, Beta Phi Alpha: Canterbury Club.
DAVID PENSA, 569 61 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Man-
del Chemistry Society. HELEN PERMUT, 682 Ocean
Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Pi Alpha Tau. JOHN PE-
TIX, 2011 8 Street, Passaic, N. FRANCES PIC-
COLO, 2442 VVallace Avenue, Bronx, N. Y. JOHN
PIERSON, 85 Highwood Terrace, XVeehawken, N.
PHYLLIS PIRRO, 163 Hester Street, New York, N.
DORIS L. PALMER
Y.: Secretary, Pi Phi Alpha: Italian Club. FABIAN
POLLACHEK, 414 XV. 120 Street, New York, N. Y.:
Editor, Vfzrizfliffsg Editor, SIIWIIHFV B11!lc'Iin,' Varsity
Debate: International Debating Club: Griffith Hughes
Oratorical Award. EVA POLLAK, 1529 Leland Ave-
nue, Bronx, N. Y. TOBIE POSNACK, 325 XV. 71
Street, New York, N. Y. JOSEPH PRESS, 2005 E. 2-I
Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Secretary, Cadueean Society:
Beta Lambda Sigma: Mandel Chemistry Society: Bio-
logy Group: Pre-Professional Study Group. RUTH
PRESS, Merrick Road, YV. Islip, N. Y.: Alpha Epsilon
Pi. RALPH PRICE, 959 46 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
xyoux ' l'lX
F ANCES PICCOLO
Psychology Association, Mandel Chemistry Society,
Biology Group. RUTH PRYOR, 41114 Cayuga Ave-
nue, Bronx, N. Y. HERBERT FULLER, 215 Chest-
nut Street, Roselle, N. President, Mandel Cheni-
istry Societyg Caducean Society, Beta Lambda Sigmag
Biology Group. NATHAN RADUNSKY, 5 Clinton
Place, Suflcrn, N. Y.: Caducean Society: Book Club.
EUGENE RAICUS, 150-08 84 Drive, Jamaica, Queens,
N. Y. MILDRED RAPHAEL, 428 Auburn Avenue,
Buffalo, N. Y.: Delta Phi Alphag Student Councilg
President, International Relations Club, Secretary,
French Clubg Deutscher Vereing Orchestrag Secretary,
Model Assembly ol' League ol Nations. FRANCES
REICHMAN, 75 Manhattan Avenue, Brooklyn, N.
Y.: Historical Societyg Book Clubg B11llffIin,' Riding'
Club. ARTHUR REISER, 3016 Barkley Avenue,
Bronx, N. Y.: Editor, 131111611-II! Committee of Upper-
class Counsellors lor Freshmen. SOLOMON RICE.
1311 Arctic Avenue, Atlantic City, N. ROSS RILEY,
72 Linden Avenue, Kearny, N. 'IULIUS RIND.
1530 Plimpton Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Math Club:
Associate Editor, Math X5 Freshman Baseball. ADELE
RIVETTI, 114 Summit Avenue, Union City, N.
French Clubg Spanish Clubg Newman Club. GER'
MILDREIJ R SPH XE1.
f f l
TRUDE ROBINSON, flS'l liroaclway. Newburglt, X.
Y.: Psi Chip Alpha Kappa Delta. JEROME ROCK-
NIAN, 723 XV. I4-I Street, New York. N. Y.: President.
Senior Class: President. Junior Class: 'l'reztsurer. Jus-
tinian Society: Student Council: Historical Society:
Sophomore Class XVinner, Criflitlt Hughes Oratorieal
,Xwardg Committee of Upperclass Counsellors lor
lfreslnnen. ANITA RODELICO. 910 Bergen Street.
Brooklyn, N. Y. SANFORD ROGG, 94 Bay 25 Street.
Brooklyn, N. Y. YVILFRED ROGOXV, I29 YV. 32
Street, Bayonne, N. Editor, Sqzuzrrx' Editor, CVI'fIil'.'
Varsity Debateg President. Tau Kappa Alpltztg Coztelt.
JULIUS J. KIND
GERTRU DE ROBlN. N
JEROME . ROCKMAN
Freshman Debateg Anti-NVar Committee. MARY
ROOCHNIK, 1318 Croes Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Pi
Mu Epsilong Math Clubg Spanish Club. GEORGE
B. ROSEN, 618 Cortelyou Road, Brooklyn, N. Y.
GEORGE M. ROSEN, 473 Pennsylvania Avenue,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Caducean Society, Beta Lambda
Sigma, Science Leagueg Evening Organization. HAR-
OLD ROSEN, 604 XV. 162 Street, New York, N. Y.:
Alpha Gammag President, Sophomore Classg Student
Council, Varsity Show Committeeg Vice-President,
Day Organizationg Delta Phi Alpha, Vice-Chairman,
Fall Frolicg Vice-Chairman, Varsity Showg Com. of
M -XRX ROOC HN l K
GEORGE B. ROSEN
Upperclass Counsellors for Freshmen. MYRTLE
ROSEN, 528 41 St., Union City, NJ.: Sec., Pi Mu
Epsilon, Math Clubg French Clubg Dramatic Soc. HIL-
LIARD ROSENBERG, 1532 President Street, Brook-
lyn, N. Y.: Tau Delta Phig Sigmag Comptroller, Day
Organizationg Student Council. HYMAN ROSSMAN,
9-ll Simpson Street, Bronx, N. Y.: President, Biology
Groupg Chairman, Science Leagueg Student Councilg
Caducean Societyg Student Treasurer, Philosophical
Society, Vice-President, Mandel Chemistry Society,
Chairman, Chemistry Coaching Classesg Psychology
Club, Varsity and Freshman Debate Teams. MIL-
N.-YIHAN R ' 'HENBERC
TON RO'1'H, 23-15 122 Street, College Point, L. I.,
N. Y. NAXIHAN ROIHENBERC, 500 Vanderbilt
Avenue. Brooklyn, N. Y.: Historical Society. ROSE
ROIHENBERG, 100 E. 18 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
EYELYN ROTHMAN, 610 YV. 164 Street, New York.
N. Y.: Iota Alpha Pi: Book Club: French Book Club:
Literary Editor, VI11'l.8fI6?S4,' American Student Union:
junior Advisory Committee, Senior Ball Connnittee.
GEORGE ROTHMANN, 40-14 Sl Street, Jackson
Heights, Queens, N. Y. ISRAEL ROTHMAN, 1791
Marnlion Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Deutscher Verein.
MURIEL ROTHSTEIN, 445 Avenue '1', Brooklyn,
ORGE ROTHMAN N
BI L' RIEI, RO'l'HS'1'El N
RIEI, SALYI N
N. Y.: Secretary, Alpha Epsilon Phi: Albion: junior
Advisory Committee: Dramatic: Society. BEATRICE
SACHS, 2877 Grand Concourse, Bronx. N. Y.: l'i Al-
pha Tau: French Club: Book Club: American Litera-
ture Society. MURIEL SALVIN, 301 YV. Front Street.
Plainfield, N. SOLOMON SAMBUR, East Scho-
dack, N. Y.: Deutscher Verein: Mandel Clremistry
Society. HERBERT SAMUELS, 4520 Broadway.
New York, N. Y.: Mandel Cheniistry Society: Biology
Group. RENARD SANDERS, 7426 7 Avenue, Brook-
lyn, N. Y. JOSEPH SARULLO, 419 E. I8 Street,
New York, N. Y. RUTH SASLOV, 57 XV. l7-1 Street
HERBERT SAM U ELS
Bronx, N. Y. JOHN SAVAGE, 286 XV. 151 Street,
New York, N. Y. DOROTHY SCHAFFER, 755 Y'Vest
End Avenue, New York, N.Y. STANLEY H. SCHIND-
LER, 156 YV. 86 Street, New York, N. Y.: Committee
of Upperclass Counsellors for Freslnneng Spanish
Club, Justinian Society. MARGARET SCHLIC-
TING, 19 Hamilton Avenue, Bronxville, N. Y.: Eclec-
tic, Varsity Hoekeyg Varsity Basketballg Varsity Ten-
nis, Captain, Tennis, Hockeyg Mandel Chemistry
Society, Deutscher Verein. ALAN SCHOEDEL, 33-24
167 Street, Flushing, N. Y.: Associate Board, Bullelini
Christian Association. LOUIS SCHREIBMAN, 765
.' ANLEY H. SCHINDLER
ALAN SCHOED EL
E. 166 Street, Bronx, Y. ESTELLE SCHUTZ-
MAN, 933 E. 14 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Le Cercle
Francais: Menorah. BERNARD SCHXVARTZ, 141
Ridge Street, New York, N. Y. EMMA SCHYVEIZER,
East Main Street, Peekskill, N. Y.: Book Club: Ameri-
tan Literature Society. ROSALIE SCIASCIA, 19 St.
Mary's Avenue, Staten Island, N. Y.: Spanish Club:
Italian Club: French Club. RAPHAEL SCKOLNICK.
984 Blake Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Math Club: Man-
del Chemistry Society. THOMAS SCOTT, 4407 New-
port Avenue, Norfolk, Virginia. LESTER SEGER-
MAN, 1175 E. 9 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Swimming:
RAPHAEL SCKOLN CK
Intramural Basketball, Handball: Senior Meek, Social
Connniltees. ETHEL SELEY, H546 Street, Brook-
lyn, N. Y. SELIC SELIGMAN, 169 E. 101 Street,
New York, N. Y.: VIll'l'!'lff'.Y,' B11llz'I1'n,' Orchestra, Cho-
ral Society. ALBERT SHALOM, 72-1 Avenue K,
Brooklyn, N. Y. EVA SHARPE, 2030 E. 177 Street,
Bronx, N. Y. MURIEL SHEINGOM, 32 Davis Ave-
nue, Kearny, N. JUNE SHIRLINE, 1749 E. 16
Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. JUDITH SHLEFSTEIN, 418
Crown Street, Brooklyn, N. Y,: Eclectic, Phi Sigma
Sigma, President, Vice-President, League of AVOINCHQ
Chairman, Junior Advisory Connnitteeg American
ALBERT SHALO M
Stuclent Union, All1tm1,' Student Council. JEAN
SHOTTEN, 1122 Oak Street, Far Rockaway, L. I.,
N. Y.: Circulation Manager. Vr1rz'et1'es,,' Assistant Cir-
culation Manager, 14111111115 Junior, Senior Prom Conl-
lnitteesg Volleyball, Junior, Senior, Social Connnit-
teesg Intramurals. OSNAS SIFF, 7 XV. 96 Street, New
York, N. Y. MURRAY SIGEL, 2816 Jerome Avenue,
Bronx, N. Y.: President, Alpha Phi Omega: Senior
Social, Ball Committeesg Biology Group, Deutscher
Verein. JEROME SILVERSTEIN, 35-35 N. 167
Street, Flushing, N. Y. LEON SIMON, 174 Pulaski
Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Bulletin, Sports Editor, AI-
KIEROM E SILVERSTEIN
bum. HILDA VIVIAN SIMONS, 1 XV. 81 Street,
New York, N. Y.: Executive Committee, YV.S.C. Cho-
ral Societyg Orchestrag Music Guilclg Bach Cantata
Society, Book Club, Anti-XVar Committee. ELI SLOT-
KIN, 3965 Sedgwick Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Secretary,
Stage Manager, Dramatic Society. LILLIAN SOLO-
MON, l950 Andrews Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Book
Clubg VIl1'il?ll'If.Y. XVILLIAM SOLOMON, 1414 WVytl1e
Place, Bronx, N. Y.: Chairman, .Iunior Promg Senior
XVeek Connnitteeg Fall Frolic Committee, Square
Economics Society. EMANUEL SOUBERMAN,
R.F.D. No. 3, Brewster, N. Y. RUTH SPIEGEL,
EMAN 'EL SOUBERMAN
IYILLIANI SOLOM Y
28-15 34 Street, Long Island City, N. Y. LILY STEI-
GER, 2100 Wlestbury Court, New York, N. Y. RUTH
STEIN, 136 1Vaverly Place, New York, N. Y. COR-
DELIA STONE, 1375 Dean Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
ARNOLD STRASSBERG, -121 Jelliff Avenue, New-
ark, N. Pi Mu Epsilon, Physics Clubg Math Club.
MIRIAM STRICKLAND, 441 Ocean Avenue, Brook-
lyn, N. Y. DOROTHY SULTAN, 1983 82 Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y. CORD SUMP, 811 Lincoln Place,
Brooklyn, N. Y. ALLEYNE SUNSHINE, 365 New
York Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Archon, Phi Sigma
Sigma, Album,'-Bullelirzq League of XVomen Luncheon
Committee, Sophomore Social Committeegx Junior
CO RDELIA STO N E
ARNOLD STR,-XSSIBIQ G
Prom Committee: Ihrizfliesg Dramatic Societyg lilcc-
tions Committee: American Student Union. AR-
THUR TAMBRINO. 45-50 162 Street, Flushing.
I.. 1., N. Y. BEN-IANIIN A. THEEMAN, 1863 An-
drews Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.: Presiclent, Psi Chi:
1V.S.C. Tennis, Chess Teams. LU RE TITONE, 18555
YN. 9 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Committee of Upper-
class Counsellors lor Freshmeng Physics Club. ITAL,-X
TOMASULO, 881 Saint Nicholas Avenue, New York.
N. Y. GERTRUDE TOUB, 33 E. 31 Street, Bay-
onne, N. Varsity Debateg French Clubg YV.S.C.
Choral Societyg American Literature Societyg Drama-
lic Societyg Rewinzu: Madrigal Society: Book Clubg
CORD S .I1'
XR I I-IUR IAXIBRINO
BFNTXNIIN X. T1-1F.FM. N
CILRTR Hi TOUB
iYIlIlIlI'I'. li.-XSENA TOUB, 33 E. 31 Street, Bayonne,
N. Manager, XYon1en's Debate: Sqttrzrrq French
Club: XY.S.C. Choral Society, Ainerican Literature
Society: Dramatic Society: Maclrigal Society, Book
Club. SELMA TRANEN. 1455 XN'a1ton Avenue.
Bronx, N. Y.: Delta Phi Alpha, Vicie-Presiclent, Deut-
scher Vereing Treasurer, Stevenson Club. BEN-IAMIN
TRAPANI, 1406 Farr Street, Scranton, Pa.: President,
Math Club, Junior Social, Prom Connnitteesg Junior
Men's Affairs Committee. BEATRICE TRAUBE, 75
Ocean Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Review. VINCENT
TUFO, 586 E. 187 Street, Bronx, N. Y.: Y'Vrest1ingg
Newman Clubg Biology Group, Mandel Chemistry
BEAT CE TRAUBE
Society. SEYMOUR TURNER, 2578 Bedford Aye-
nue, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Beta Lambda Sigma, Mandel
Chemistry Society, Biology Group, Pre-Professional
Group, President, Caducean Society. VINCENT
VALENTI, 54 Van Duzer Street, Richmond, N. Y.
FRANCES VOGEL, 45 E. Mosholu Parkway, New
York, N. Y. JOSEPHINE VULTAGGIO, 1675 Dahill
Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. MORRIS NVALDSTEIN, 161
Fulton Place, Paterson, N. President, Secretary,
Physics Clubg Science League. SEYMOUR YVASSER-
MAN, 1638 W. 6 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. ALBERT
WIATERSTON, 1852 Bryant Avenue, Bronx, N. Y.
DAVID NVAXLER, 358 E. 8 Street, New York, N. Y.
-IOSEPHINE VUL'l'.'XG ' O
MILDRED XVEINGARTEN, 2525 University Ave-
nue, Bronx, N. Y. HAROLD XVEISS, 510 YV. 123
Street, New York, N. Y.: Tau Delta Phig Inter-Frat-
ernity Council. MIRIAM XVEISS, 1810 Avenue N,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Phi Sigma Sigmag President, Vice-
President, Sociology Club, American Student Uniong
Elections Committee, French Club, Anti-War Com-
mittee. SEYMOUR YVEISS, Scotland Hill Road,
Spring Valley, N. Y.: Treasurer, A.Z.A.g French Club,
Anti-1Var Committee. IRENE XVERBER, 473 E. 9
Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Day Organization Entertain-
ment Committee. JUDAHKVINICK, 1555 53 Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Intramural Basketballg Psychology
MILDRED NX EINC XR1 EN
DAYI D IYAXLER
Club: Chairman, Freshman ll1'OIll. LEONARD YAH-
LICK, 66 Chadwick Avenue, Newark, N. HELEN
YARMOLINSKY, 203 E. I3 Street, New York, N. Y.
HELEN YECALSIK, 533 Court Street, Elizabeth, N.
MILTON YUDKOVITZ, 866 Montgomery Street,
Brooklyn, N. Y.: Evening Dramatic Society, Evening
Debateg Chairman, Evening Clubsg Student Council.
MILTON YURMAN, 620 YV. 172 Street, New York,
N. Y.: Junior Social, Prom Committees, Senior Wleek
Social Committee. HERSCHEL ZACKHEIM, 3224
YVebb Avenue, Detroit, Mich. ELLIOT ZEITZ, 287
E. 5 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: Model U. S. Senateg
President, Morning Division, Law School. BER-
HELEN YXRMOLI NSKY
NARD ZELDOXV, H09 Carroll Street, Brooklyn, N.
Y.: Tau Delta Pllig Chairman, Senior Wleekl Fall
Frolie Connnitteeg Senior Ball Connniueeg Football
Intramural Hanclballg Inter-Fraiernity Council. SYL-
VIA ZIMBLER, 8750 Bay Parkway, Brooklyn, N. Y.:
Deutscher Verein. FANNY ZIMNIER, 865 Lenox
Road, Brooklyn, N. Y. EDXVARD ZIMMERMAN,
202-1 76 Street, Brooklyn, N. Y. EVELYN ZIRIN-
SKY, 513 Crown Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.: President,
Secretary, Stevenson Geology Clubg Book Club.
ELEANOR ZYVEIG, 201 Summit Avenue, Union City,
N. Student Council, Le Cercle Frangaisg Varsity
Show, El Centro Hispano.
EINYARD '. MMERNIAN
Every senior on the preceding sixty-three Qs has
passed under tl1e above entrance at some tiineior
other. The facade is on the Main Building and over-
looks XX'ashington Square Park. XX'hat this particular
entrance meant to each senior, variedg it depended
upon the senior hitnsell. 'lio some the site may be
reininiscent ol' inanv afternoons spent. huddled in chat-
ter belore the entrance ol' the eollegeg to others merely
something that had to he passed under to get to the
Reserve Reading Rooin, or the elevators, 'l'o inost
ol' the seniors it strikes other laniiliar chords: under the
lettering. on the steps ol' the building. Anti-XYar
demonstrations were held: on the sidewalk, A.,-X. tickets
were bought and sold: around the entrance clustered
shoe shine lads waiting lor their prev. To all it is
reminiscent ol' timeM-of changegrol four years spent
in New York University.
MARJORIE GO RDO N
ll ERR I , KN
MARQIORIE GORDON, 630 XVest 173 Street,
New York City: YV.S.C. Bu1l1'lir'1. ARTHUR HER-
MAN, 150 Cedar Street, Mount Vernon, New Yorkg
Liberal Sottietyg N.Y.U. XVestehester Clubg Executive
Chairtnan, Fall Frolic Committee. DAVID CHECH-
NER. 432 South 6 Street, Mount Vernon, New York.
THEY LED THE JUNIORS: militant Bob
Hoffman and demure Millie Jaffe. This was
Millie's first year as a class official. Bob
was president of his class for three years.
Together, they headed a well-knit organiza-
tion and an enthusiastic group.
Epic was the word for the class of
Still a year away from graduation, it has made
history at Wlashington Square College. YVhile
other classes pursued their placid ways, the
men of '38 soared ever onward and upward,
and, because of this, the term "Junior" took
on a new meaning. Much of this was the
work of the quiet, unaffected student who
headed this phenomenal group. His likeness
has been glimpsed at various other times in
the lengthy history of mankind. Roland, Sieg-
fried, Paul Bunyan, Gargantua,-these are
some of his previous guises. In his present in-
carnation, he is known, simply, as Robert
President of the class of '38 since its fresh-
man year, Mr. Hoffman has unfailingly been
the source of its greatness. Known as "Bob"
to his classmates, he strove ever to remain on
equal terms with his fellows. "After all, I'm
only one of them, myself," is the way in which
Epic Was The Word
he might dismiss this cameiadeiie, thus mod-
estly denying a uniqueness which was etern-
'iLet's go, gang!" was the cheery phrase
with which Bob urged his classmates forward,
and this happy expression became legion
through all the school. Hcard in the rooms
and corridors of the Square, it became a rally-
ing cry for juniors everywhere. There was
even some talk of carving it on the walls of the
University, instead of the somewhat cerebral
Perslare el Pmeslare, though this has not yet
Although Hoffman dwarfed all contemp-
oraries, it would be unfair to overlook those
other Juniors who assisted in the making of
the class of '38. Most important of the aides-
de-camp, perhaps, was Arthur Lowenstein-
whose ready intelligence and elhn cunning
was well capitalized on by the President. Low-
enstein was the political wizard of the class.
At election time voters sprang up on every
side as he made his way about the school,
singing the praises of his chief and scattering
promises of future blessings. A chairmanship
here, a committee membership there,-with
these eloquent words Lowenstein dramatized
the qualities which helped distinguish his
ticket. The combination of Hoffman and
Lowenstein was hailed by friend and foe alike
as the perfect wedding of genius.
Lesser figures had their place in the Hoff-
man zodiac. Mildred Jaffe made a shy, ap-
pealing Hgure as vice-president of the classg
An Impressive History
Of A Remarkable Class
Julie Gerver was relentlessly efficient
as Prom Chairman for the past two
years and Basil Estreich was equally
efficient as social chairman. De-
voted to their chief, this steering com-
mittee shepherded the junior class
through its trials and decisions.
The story of the juniors was writ
large in social history at the Square.
President Hoffman affected a minor
revolution in the conduct of class dan-
ces when he evolved the idea of charg-
ing for Green Room socials and thus
building up a reserve fund for a suc-
cessful Prom. By charging for these small
dances, it was pointed out, the Junior Class
could sponsor an impressive Prom without
having to tax students excessively. So it came
to pass, and a triumphant series of class dances
was climaxed by the April Promenade, pre-
sented to the class of for the modest fee of
85.50 a throw. Once again Hoffman had come
Students of the subject were forced to re-
dehne "entertainment" in terms of the mass
of celebrities and local talent present at each
of the Green Room orgies. "Vital and grip-
ping" was the least of the raves given these
diver!isscnzents, which unfailingly ran the
gamut of emotions like a squirrel. Brightly
introduced by the Master of Ceremonies Low-
enstein, the procession was always varied. lVe
recall a young man with a deep bass voice who
sang ol' his love which "rose like a rose," an
PORTRAIT OF A TIGHT-MOUTHED POLITICIAN:
Artie Lowenstein, small, wiry Junior has been termed
by many the "power behind the throne." His fingers
have been dipped in almost every political pudding
baked at the Square. In his three years at school, he
collected about him a group of followers whom he
ruled with an iron hand and a promise of future
ingratiating miss who scampered up and down
on the stage, crooning in baby talkg and an
endless procession of student monologuists.
There was the youth who imitated President
Roosevelt,-paralleling the four turbulent
years of the New Deal with bi-monthly take-
olfs on the President. There was the Winsome
hot-cha dancer who undulated about the
room, enticing juniors in ring-side seats. There
was a great deal more, which, unhappily, has
vanished down the corridors of time.
Thus did the Juniors complete their
third year at Washington Square College.
Their history was an impressive one, and, as
we have said, largely because of the influence
of one remarkable undergraduate,-Robert
Hoffman. His gaunt, lean figure towered
over his class, a guiding and inspiring symbol,
similar in a general way to those employed
by the early Greeks.
President Glasser and
his Vice President Rose
'I' h e sophomore
class inherited the
earth. From an over-
freshmen group, who
asserted their position
1 in college society by
draping members of
tl1e class of '38 over
park fences and by re-
moving the trousers from the person of Hilly
Rosenberg on a hectic spring afternoon, they
matured into a class of suave sophomores who
still desired to insert "college spirit" into
Square activities, but confined their energy
to Class Nights, socials and proms.
And with the inheritance of everything
earthly and practical came the prize that
is acknowledged property of freshmen presi-
dents who have organized wisely with a view
to a political future-the post of leading a
renovated sophomore class. Moving along its
usually placid course, the elections of '36
placed Hal Glasser, tall, smiling yearling pres-
ident, head of his class for the second time.
Directed by students who had seen the
light, the sophomores instead of futilely at-
tempting to produce a class paper or to con-
duct social topic forums, concentrated on
their social events. lt was with audible sighs
of regret that members of the class attended
the hnal social of the year. One student, com-
menting on the year's socials said, "I thought
they were swell, just swell."
Employing orchestras whose members
were recruited from the ranks of student mu-
sicians, with consistent entertainment supplied
by Gertrude Kaye, Si Perlman, and Pat Mon-
telione, the four class dances were usually
crowded. In the early part of the year, the
social committee, following a plan inaugur-
ated by the junior Class, announced that
LO ER CLASSES-
The Sophs: Suavit
twenty-five cents would be charged for tickets
to class dances.
"XVe are adopting this measure," they ex-
plained, "to enable us to hold a sophomore
prom. The fund will be used to partially
pay for prom expenses."
They were a liberal group, the sopho-
mores. They encouraged Feb.-Seps. and regu-
lar freshmen to participate in their activities,
they regretted the absence of more freshmen-
sophomore affairs, they were even liberal
enough to devour huge quantities of sand-
wiches served at the Green Room dances after
philosophically asserting that the food was
"pretty punk." Uncrowned champion in the
sandwich-consumption contests, was the hero-
ic figure of Hal Glasser who achieved, at one
dance, the noble distinction of having simul-
taneously devoured six sandwiches.
Leading the sophomore social committee
was Lee Fishman, supported by John Reiss,
Bernie Levinson, Irving "Suzy-Q" Berger, class
secretary, Mel Smolley, Shirley Silverman, Ed-
die Kurland, Gertrude Kaye and Stanley
"Mooney" Mondshine. During the year an
attempt to reconcile the freshmen and sopho-
more groups resulted in two joint socials.
But all class activity was not conhned to
the social sphere. A staunch sophomore team
won intramural basketball matches while
proud class leaders sat on the sidelines and
cheered them on with a display of proper
"college spirit." Representative sophs were
engaged in football, fencing, Varsity Show,
and Dramatic Society activity.
A sobered group of students, the sopho-
mores prepared to enter their .junior year and
inherit the erudite boredom that was the heri-
tage of the upper class. And with the smooth-
ness of the junior, Harold Glasser, tall, still
smiling sophomore class president, will prob-
ably inherit the leadership of that class.
ST DE T GOVERN
'l'wo years ago a new constitution was adopted by the Washington Square College Student
Council. Veto power by the Administration was abolished and the Student Council. unlike
those in many other colleges, was given complete control over all student extra-curricular
As student officers demonstrated that they were capable of managing their own affairs
without tl1e friendly advice of a faculty vetoer, a feeling arose that the experiment was proving
beneficial for both the student body and the Administration. The Student Council appeared
ridiculous at tilnesg became hopelessly entangled in parliamentary procedureg hastily put
through measures it later regretted. But, never, when recognizing a mistake, did it hesitate
to reverse a decision.
Af fi? swf
,W ,k.., nk
rf' , '42
, i:. A
4. ax 'W W wa
The F rash: pirit
YVith an intense rivalry developed among
the political elements of the class, twelve stu-
dents were nominated in December for the
ofhces of president and vice-president, a num-
ber unprecedented in any Hrst year election.
Shattering another University tradition, two
hundred and fifty freshmen registered for the
elections, the men outnumbering the women
almost two to one. As balloting day drew
near, almost half of the nominees dropped out
of the running, five being declared ineligible,
another withdrawing after the class fortnn.
The presidential and vice-presidential
candidates announced their platforms at a two
hour forum sponsored by the Elections Com-
mittee, which was held in the Playhouse. As-
serting that class socials were "swell" and a
freshman prom was "the thing," Irwin Brooks,
who was later elected president of the class
with a total of 108 votes, attacked the usual
promises of candidates and added that socials
and proms could not be obtained by promises.
He declared that "a united class is the only
means of realizing an election platforml' and
based his campaign on a proposed "Town
Hallu which would unify the freshman group.
Florence Fink was elected vice-president.
The hrst Town Hall ever to be conducted
by a Freshman class at XVashington Square
College was held in the School of Ed audi-
torium on March lfl. Inviting student leaders,
freshman speakers and members of the fa-
culty, the yearlings obtained a scoop when
Glenn Cunningham, America's famous miler,
who was working for his Ph.D. at the School
of Ed, appeared as guest of honor. A fresh-
man orchestra, which was organized during
the first semester, provided the music on this
occasion and played at the remainder of the
Although yearling Green Room dances
are necessarily limited by the college budget,
Frosh Leaders Irwin Brooks and Flo Fmk
and no provision is usually made for the in-
clusion of a Freshman prom, the class or-
ganized a prom committee which
formal affair at the Park Central,
a highly meritorious year.
Speaking at the Freshman
chapel held in the latter part of
Chancellor Harry YV. Chase told
group of yearlings that "youth in
sold an in-
States is free to choose the way it will regulate
its growing years" and urged these new stu-
dents to take full advantage of the opportuni-
ties olfered for a liberal arts education.
Other student and faculty leaders stand-
ing on the rostrurn in the -Iudson Church em-
phasized the desirability of coordinating a
program of classroom and extra-curricular
activity. And the work of the freslnnan class
through the year presented ample evidence
that the group had taken their advice.
Sociologically, the difhculty of class orien-
tation will always remain an important prob-
lem to university and student leaders. Every
new class that enters the college is potentially
the next "great class," and its praises are usual-
ly flung about the campus by its enthusiastic
leaders. But, unfortunately for the college
and the class, those energetic few usually re-
main among the small minority, and the
praises by the end of the freshman year have
become non-committal responses in answer to
questions about the classes' work. The "great
class" seems to appear every third year and
the yearlings have lived up to the predictions.
An outstanding stud:-nt when
drafted for the 1936 Day Organ-
ization Presidential race, Herbert
Gottlieb in one your became one
of the most powerful figures on
the W.S.C. political scene. Alert,
quick-witted, he directed Student
Council with a firm intelligent
handg saw it grow into a vigor-
ous, liberal governing body.
YVavy-haired Herb Gottlieb, swept into
office by an overwhelming majority vote
last April, stepped onto the presiding rostrum
at the initial council meeting to find himself
involved in a heated debate over parliament-
ary procedure, a debate which somewhat
characterized the future policy of student ad-
Asserting that a quorum consisted of those
members present at a meeting, and not of
those voting, ed, leader of Sig-
ma, nullihed ,propriation to Miss
Mildred Parke. .l space expenditures
that had already teen passed. He declared
that "despite some members not voting a
legal majority had been obtainedf' The
appropriation, placed on the next meeting's
agenda pending further investigation of the
sum contracted to the Student Activities Of-
fice, was later passed by the Council.
Continuing a policy of strict investiga-
tion and discussion on important questions,
the Council ratified the scheduled budget and
then sank into a "coma," slightly reminiscent
of past Councils, disappointing confident ob-
servers who had been wagering "that this year
Jess Kimmel, upper left, Var-
s i t y S h 0 w representative,
pleaded in vain before the
Council for a Hprofessional
show"g authors and direc-
tors to be paid with student
funds. Professor Dow, upper
right, faculty eomptroller as-
serted tlxat 'fthe show should
be run with amateur talent or
not at all.', The Dean's re-
presentatives, Doris Isaacs
and Charles Steinberg, lower
left, were enthusiastic over
the proposed 'famateur runv
show. Milt Fried, lower right,
sat alone at meetings and was
the profound disciple of strict
things would be different." But
the lethargic attitude did not
continue for long, and confident
observers carried a knowing
smile on their faces as the meet-
ing rooms became the scene of
hotly contested battles concern-
ing the now famous magazine
question and the all-University
Granting a loan of S160 to
the reincarnated S q u a r c -
quarterly critical magazine-ance
Critic, the Council voted ap-
proval and recognition to two
new magazines. The Lantern
all-University literary magazine,
and the Mnsqfzffrnrle, Square
humor publication, the two
forthcoming mags, were bitterly
reviled by representatives of Va-
rieties and in the editorial col-
umns of the Bulletin, as being
"excess baggage." The Bulletin
"Frankly, in this case, we
cannot bring ourselves to con-
form to the Council's apparent
adherence to the theory of the
benehts of competition.
Council meetings were open to students who
had any desire to witness the governing body
in action. Meetings were usually attended by
"This year's Council, obviously cogniz-
ant of the need of a literary magazine at XVash-
ington Square College, voted official recogni-
ti-on and financial backing for such a function
with nary a dissenting culprit to voice his
ugly threats. After thus gathering the nascent
literary venture to its bosom, the treacherous
parent yesterday tossed the trusted nurseling
into an ash-barrel and transformed its matern-
al affection to illegitimate pretendersf'
The Council refused to change its de-
cision and four publications Hooded the small
consumers field at Xtfashington Square, ap-
pearing spasnrodically during the year.
Reversing a previous 9-7 defeat of the all-
University Formal, the Council authorized
the inclusion of the Square in the plans for
the Thanksgiving dance at the YValdorf-As-
toria. It approved the appointments of Ar-
thur Herman and Arthur Goldberg for the
positions of Chairman and Publicity Chair-
Still in an investigating mood, the Stu-
dent Council decided that Varsity Show talent
should not be renumerated out of student
funds, and banned all but enrolled N.Y.U.
undergraduates from participation in the
show. Introduced by Hilly Rosenberg. student
comptroller. as a move to keep 'fbroken-down"
three or four interested spectators who when
asked what their reactions were to the drama of
government refused to make any statements.
Broadway talent from ruining the show, it
was subsequently amended until it provided
for a completely student-run amateur pro-
duction. Dr. Dow, faculty comptroller, as-
serted that "the shows should be run with
amateur talent or not at all."
But not all Council activity was vital and
energetic, and not all council members were
participants in discussion. Their coat of arms
inscribed with the motto "Silence is Golden,"
one group watched proceedings and usually
voted with the majority-their hands being
the only proof of their existence. Another
group took their cue from party leaders, and
still another group was frequently absent from
meetings. ln the minority were the militant
students who steered Council policy, saving
that institution from obscurity.
Members of the Student Council were
Herbert Gottlieb, Hilliard Josephs, Hilliard
Rosenberg, Judith Shlefstein, Jerome Rock-
man, Janice Cutler, Robert Hoffman, Mildred
Jaffe, Harold Glasser, May Rose, Milton Fried,
Renee Meyers, Doris Isaacs. Charles Steinberg.
Albert YVaterston, Beatrice Lehman, John
Ricksecker, Leonard Fischman, Hyman Ross-
man, Jean XVeinstein, Frances Vogel, Aaron
Baskin, Arthur Reiser, Irwin Brooks, Florence
l-'ink and Martin Krisses.
League of Women
The Hon. Jeanette Brill, city
magistrate and a graduate of the
School of Education, rose from her
chair and addressed the young co-
eds gathered at the Fifth Avenue
Hotel for the semi-annual League
of XVomen luncheon.
She declared that now, more
than ever, there was a definite
place for the educated girl seeking
a career. Trained psychologists and
sociologists were needed in society,
she said, and the college girl who
prepared herself well with this in
mind would, on graduation, find
real opportunities offered her.
To the members of the L. 0.
XV., the organization of all regularly
enrolled women students in XVash-
ington Square College, Mrs. Brill's
luncheon talk was a stimulating
experience. Graduating seniors
heard in it a note of optimism, the
Jean Weinstein, top,
was Vice-President of
the League of Wom-
eng Rhoda Arons,
center, was Secre-
taryg Beatrice Breit-
hart, bottom, treasur-
still slightly bewildered freshmen,
in it, one of encouragement.
Originally organized to pro-
mote the activities of women, the
L. O. W. has taken over such varied
work as the orientation of fresh-
tnen co-eds, flood relief, Soph-Frosh
week and sponsorship of dances for
men and women. lt was character-
istic of the League of XVOIIICII that
it attempted to reach every co-ed
in her favorite activity and make
her an integral part of college life
at the Square.
ln its initial activities of the
year-teas for freslnnen women, in-
troductions to their student advis-
ers and representatives of extra-cur-
ricula clubs4the L. 0. XV. concen-
trated its efforts "on making the
freshmen feel at home."
"It's one of our main prob-
lems," said Judith Shlefstein,
i Spreads like this drew hordes of hungry men to League of W'omen open houses.
Wheil it came to selecting an
L.0.W. president in the spring
of '36, the feminine population
of W.S.C. was in unanimous ac-
cord. They elected Judith
Shlefstein. Always charming,
poised, tactful, her popularity
League president. "Once we've begun orientation of the
frosh and get them interested in some club or activity we
have helped them in their first college decision. They be-
come a part of the school and get so much more out of
their years here."
The coming out parties for the freslnnen debs-L. O.
W. dances and Open Houses-were usually well attended,
often crowded. Square men flocked to the affairs, famous
for their sandwiches and coffee, a great attraction to the
upperclasses. Always successful, sometimes dull, sometimes
exciting, they accomplished their primary purpose-to in-
troduce the freshmen co-ed to what for lack of a better
word may be termed society.
As the year continued, the L. O. XV. rose to emergency
situations, offering their aid wherever possible. XYith the
waters of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers broiling along
their course, inundating hundreds of acres of land and
making homeless thousands of families, the American Red
Cross issued a call for flood relief. Assisting in the relief
drive, L. O. XV. members canvassed the Square soliciting
contributions from faculty and students. The campaign
for funds resulted in a good-sized contribution to the A.
R. C. from XVashington Square College.
Soph-Frosh week, always an exciting event on the L.
O. XV. calendar, took place late in March. The traditional
rivalry between the two classes in the athletic and dramatic
contests was accompanied by an unprecedented state of
interest. Under the supervision of Rhoda Arons. secretary
of the L. O. XV. and chairman of Soph-Frosh week, both
classes entered into the spirit of the tournament, the only
one 'of its type at the downtown colleges.
In a big-sister capacity, the L. O. XV. continued ad-
vising freshmen through the activities of the junior Advis-
ory Committee. The group in personal interviews with the
first year co-eds discussed the problems that confronted them
during the initial semester of the college careers. To assist
undergraduate and senior co-eds in selecting a vocation,
prominent women in professional and business fields were
invited to address the girls. The speakers, as Mrs. Brill had
done, delivered interesting and informal talks on their vo-
cations as well as on the position of women in present day
League of XVomen 'officers for the l936-'37 were: Judith
Schlefstein. presidentg Jean XVeinstein, Vice Presidentg Rho-
da Arons. Secretaryg Beatrice Breitbart, Treasurer.
These Were Really Very Nice People
Hugo Castello Qleftj , Elaine Horwitz
Qrightj, and Earl Martin Qahoyej, though
student members of the XV.S.C. Discipline
Committee, managed to remain both popular
and respected during l936-37.
The Discipline Committee, whose name is
almost always used in vain by University
guards trying to put out the eternal cigarette,
has actually had one real function: deciding
the cases ol Square students accused ol' cheat'
ing on exams or handing in plagiariled re-
The records show that cheating on exams
is an activity that often leads to serious
troubleg that plagiarism is a bad, bad word.
And, curiously enough, the most popular
source material for literary plagiarists has
been, not Shakespeare, or Milton, but the
Book of Knowlerlge.
The past year was a lean one for the
Discipline Committee, which only heard two
cases. Explanation for this was to be found
in one of two reasons-students are either
getting more honest or more adept.
Committee, the arl-
visers. consisting ol
juniors and seniors
Charles Steinberg selected because ol
their knowledge and
position irr school allairs, this year became
known as the Upper-class Counsellors to Fresh-
nren. Charles Steinberg, heavy-set, dark haired
senior chairman, corrrrrrerrting on the change,
asserted that 'Lthe student advisory group was
continually being mistaken for the committee
of faculty ruembers who guide freshmen in
their scholastic work."
Founded in lllfil to promote curricular
and extra-curricular activity, to supervise and
aid freshmen in the process ol' orientation. the
advisorv group now confined its work to in-
teresting yearlirrgs in Square clubs and organi-
zations. 'Fhis type ol' specialization resulted
in the largest freshmen response to club ac-
tivitv ever recorded at lV.S.C.
'l'o orient incoming Feb-Sept students
zr co-ed committee, orgarriled by the Upper-
class Advisers, instructed them in program re
quirements, introduced them to various mem-
bers ol the faculty and pointed out places of
interest and recreation at the Square. Formed
under the direction of l'rol'essor loverr. the
committee included: Hilliard Josephs, Paul
Brurrs, Aaron Baskin, Marjorie llouglis, Syl-
via Bernitz, Doris Isaac, Frieda Soloman, El-
eanor Zweig, Charles Steinberg, Chairman.
The Upperelass Counsellors lor Freshman
Committee for the year 1956-37 were: Charles
Steinberg, Chairman: Alerome Brooks, Aaron
IJ. Baskin, Albert lVaterstorr, Leo Sher, Bern-
ard Nachtigall, Luke Titone. Milton Fried,
Arthur Reiser, Edward Brown, Patil Bruns,
Stanley Schindler, David Kleiner, Hilliard jos-
ephs, Robert Hoffman, klerome Rockman,
qlules Gerver, Stanley August, Mayer Franklin.
Informal interviews with
the first year men, be-
ginning in October and
continuing through the
year until most of the
freshman class had mel
their advisers, resulted
in signal achievements
for the upperelass
group. More than two-
thirds of the freshmen
responded to the coun-
sellors' offer to aid
theln in finding their
niche in school life.
Pereimially besetting the Junior Advisory
Committee, co-ed counsellors for freshmen
wotnen, were such problems as providing an
outlet for young writers, satisfying sorority am-
bitions, directing theatrical ycarnings-proh-
lems which were encountered at every fresh-
men interview. Under the direction of Dean
Dorothy Mcfiparran Arnold and in coordinat-
tion with the League of ltlomen, the work ,-I
meeting those problems and orientating the
newcomer to Square Life was carried on with
sympathy, understanding and great success.
Advising the co-ed in both curricular and
extra-curricular activity, the select group -if
Juniors were known as the "big-sisters." Often,
genuine friendships developed between girls
and their advisersg often, the interest of the
counsellor shaped the school career and activ-
ity of freshmen who needed that determining
push. lVhen a problem confronted the Junior
Advisers that required the attention of some-
one more experienced than themselves, the
The young ladies in the
contemplative pose at
the right were junior
advisers. Big sisters to
the freshmen, judging
by their attitudes they
were capable of offering
sound and sober advice
Whether their advice
was liked depended of
course on whether the
frosh co-eds liked
'ssoundii and "sober"
advice. They usually
dilliculty was carried
to Dean Arnold who
acted as general sup-
ervisor of their worla.
Last year, the
'lunior Advisory Coma
. . . Jean vmnsti-t..
mittee continued in
the tradition of its predecessors. As in the
past, the introduction of a freshman co-ed to
het' advisers took place at a tea sponsored by
the League of ltomen. In addition to the
"big-sisters," the guests at this initial tea in-
cluded representatives of clubs and sororities.
The members of the Junior Advisory
Cotntnittee for the year l93fi-37 were: 'lean
Xyeinstein. chairman: Teresa Campbell, Alice
Checkovitf, Evelyn Cohen, Bettina Cotlove,
Doris Eskwitt, Shirley Gorodil, Ruth Creen-
berg, Constance Hanf, Mildred llaffe. Ethel
Kaplan, Shirley Moss, Dorothy Sehanbam,
Norma Silverman, Lillian Tersaga, Rita 'l'u-
nick, Beatrice lYeissman.
The Squareas Hall of F
WIS M .fu Q' ' H
Leader of Sigma, Associate Editor
of ALBUM, Assistant Comptrol-
ler of the Day Org, President of
the Square Eco Society, Milton
Fried made himself felt in al-
most every phase of extra-curric-
ular activityg did much to make
honor societies synonomous with
something more than dangling
keys and oblivion.
hi Beta Kappa
In all four corners of the globe, a patient
observer, if he waits long enough and looks
hard enough, may see two people use a hand-
shake peculiar in that the ring finger and
little finger are folded back in the palm of the
hand. If the observer is a Phi Beta Kappa
man, he'll understand the signihcance of the
salute immediately and probably walk right
up and greet the two with the same hand-
Phi Beta Kappa, the World's first Greek
letter fraternity, held in high esteem all over
the academic world, is the secret ambition of
all University students. Placing emphasis on
scholarship, the society requires that a student
must be either a junior or a senior having
completed eighty points of college work with a
minimum average of eighty percent. Of the
total number eligible, not more than one-fifth
may be elected from one class. But because
those elected must stand in the first quarter
of the total number qualified, the minimum
average, in practice, is closer to ninety per
Phi Beta Kappa was founded by five stu-
dents at the historic college of 1Villiam and
Mary in the eventful month of December,
1776. The letters on the key, symbol of Phi
Beta membership, were taken from an old
Greek motto meaning "Philosophy of Lifef,
The three stars on the key symbolize Fra-
ternity, Morality, and Literature.
The society spread rapidly to other col-
leges despite certain troublesome periods that
threatened its existence. At its start it was a
secret society, replete with secret salutes, in-
itiations, rites, motto and key. lt l-ost its secret
character mainly as a result of agitation against
esoteric organizations in the early 1800's. YVith
the election of two women to the Phi Beta
branch at Vermont University in 1875, the so-
ciety became the desired goal of college wom-
en as it had long been of college men.
Originally, the society's salute, still seen
in a modified form wherever two Phi Betays
"For the better distinction of the fratern-
ity between themselves, in any foreign coun-
try or place, it is resolved that a salutation of
the clasp of the hands, together with an im-
mediate stroke across the mouth, with the
same hand, and a return salute with the hand
used by the saluted, be hereby established and
Plans for founding of a 1'Vashington
Square College chapter of the famed society
were considered for many years but it was
not until April 8, 1928 that Phi Beta Kappa
became a reality at the Square and the col-
lege was able to send representatives out into
the world capable of astounding an interested
observer by the peculiarity of their salute.
ALBUM went to press too early to in-
clude the names of the twenty-nine or thirty
Square students who will have made Phi Beta
Kappa in 1937. But we cheerfully invite them
to cut the clipping out of their favorite news-
paper and insert it in the space below.
Tanya Donowitz Dorothy Crimmelman Judith Shlefstein
Undoubtedly one ol the real goals ol
every Square co-ed ever since its founding in
l922, Eclectic symbolizes character, service
and scholarshipg honors each year a limited
group of juniors.
The society holds two teas annually, one
in the lirst semester and another in the spring.
'fo the second tea twenty-five members of the
junior class are invited, and the Iinal selec-
tions are made from their ranks. Between the
time ol the second tea and Tap Day in April,
aspirants to Eclectic live in a state of tenscness.
On Tap Day the hopefuls gather in the Green
Roomg listen to a speechg watch Eclectic girls
tap new members.
Renee Myers was leader of Eclectic dur-
ing 1936-37. Other members were Judith Shlef-
stein, Dorothy Grimmelman, Elsie Zuckerman,
lilaine Horwitz, 'fanva ll0ll0XX'lll. and Mar-
031. I I A or
Earl Martin Hugo Castello Leonard Fischman
In solemn, tense exciting ceremonies
usually held in the Green Room, Sigma, men's
honorary society, has for the past twelve years
selected for tribute those juniors and seniors
who have been outstanding personalities and
leaders at XVashington Square College.
Traditionally an organization whose sole
function each year was to drop into obli-
vion, group representative of the colleges
leading Iigures, Sigma in '35-'36, with a sensa-
tional criticism ol' the college administration.
broke from its policy of seclusion, and again in
'36-'37, with a comprehensive report on acti-
vity at XV.S.C., crashed Bulletin headlines.
The report included a survey of labor condi-
tions of service employees, a strong espousal
of the student co-'op and anti-war movements
and a criticism of the graduation fee.
Leader ol' Sigma was Milton Fried. Other
members were Herbert Gottlieb, Earl Martin,
Leonard lfisclnnan, Hillv Rosenberg. and
The 1937 Sigma Report
Completing an investigation begun in the middle of the first semester, Sigma, men's honor-
ary society, issued a report in April covering activity at Hlashington Square College. The report
included a detailed analysis of labor conditions at XV.S.C., the student anti-war movement, the
graduation fee, and attacked the University ban on the solicitation of funds for needy groups.
Asserting that the student body had an ethical and economic right to question the labor
relations existing between the XV.S.C. administration and its service employees, Sigma scored
the college open-shop policy. It commended the work of the XfV.S.C. and United Student Com-
mittees in their efforts against war.
The report, the first comprehensive effort ever made by any Sigma group to thoroughly
survey existing conditions at the college, follows in part:
During the past year, labor relations be-
tween the administration of YVashington
Square College and its service employees have
been disturbed by a painters' strike and an
abortive complaint about conditions by em-
ployees of the University Commons. Be-
cause it believes that the student body has
both an economic and an ethical right to
question the labor policy of the college,
Sigma makes the following statements on the
basis of investigations into the labor situation
at the Square:
It finds that the overwhelming body of
student opinion is sympathetic to the demands
of -organized labor and strongly opposes the
open-shop stand of the college.
It finds that those painters, elevator ope-
rators, and Commons employees who seek
recognition as members of a regularly affiliat-
ed union have a legitimate demand.
It recommends that the administration
reconsider its present stand and meet with
representatives of unions seeking membership
at this college and attempt to work out a
formula for unionization of X'V.S.C. employees.
The alarming current of international af-
fairs has brought the problem of anti-war
activity into increasing prominence. In this
country, youth organizations everywhere are
seeking to unite students behind peace cam-
paigns Which will keep our generation unified
against participation in another World war.
In recognition of the overwhelming impor-
tance of the peace issue, Sigma this year sent
an official representative to the VV.S.C. Anti-
War Committee for the first time.
Sigma commends the work of the Anti-
War Committee and the United Student
Peace Committee, and urges the student body
to rally behind these groups in their efforts
to build a powerful anti-war sentiment at
X'Vashington Square College. Through its
work on the Anti-War Committee and its of-
ficial participation in the nationwide anti-
war demonstration on April 22 Sigma pledges
itself to do everything in its power to aid those
forces which seek to banish war and the threat
of war from the world.
To Professor Charles A. Dwyer, YVashington Square College owes the organi-
zation of its chapter of Tau Kappa Alpha, national honorary debating-public
speaking society. Professor Dwyer formed the Square chapter in 1928, with
debate activity-participation in at least two varsity debates lor at least two
years-as the chief membership requirement, but with debate coaches and man-
agers also eligible.
The organization of college chapters, while significant in this instance lor
Hlashington Square College, is not a new note. Public speaking and debate
activity in American colleges is probably as old as the institutions themselves,
the ancient Greeks, in fact, based their concept of education on the debate and
public speaking arts. But, although each of the outstanding American colleges
has long sponsored its own honorary society for excellence in oratory, it was not
until 1903 that a national society, Tau Kappa Alpha, was formed. In 1937, there
were seventy-nine chapters in colleges and universities throughout the United
The Square chapter, in 1936-37, belonged among the most active of these
seventy-nine. Prominent faculty members contributed to Tl1eSpcaker, a quarterly
magazine which was the society's national organ. Luncheons, discussion-meetings.
and numerous debates, between university and interscholastic teams, were held
throughout the year.
New members were inducted in May at a banquet given in their honor, a
somewhat humorous feature of the entertainment being the initiation speeches
obligatory for new members. Debate Coach XVil1iam Ormond Drake of the
Heights public speaking department was among the new members for 1936-37.
Oflicers were: Leonard Mandel, president, Rheta Benjamin, secretary. Other
undergraduate members were X'Vi1l'red Rogow, Renee Meyers, Ian Thom, Daisy
Ruderman, Robert Rosthal, and Bernard Halfond.
Pi u Epsilon
Election to Pi Mu Epsilon was based on proficiency in math
as well as high general scholarship.
Pi Mu Epsilon, national honorary society
for students of mathematics, rewarded excep-
tional mathematics students at the Square dur-
ing l936-37 with election to Epsilon chapter,
organized at lVashington Square College by
Director-General F. W. Owens, in 1933.
Election to the society was based upon
special proficiency in mathematics, as well as
high general scholarship. Eligible for election
were those juniors and seniors who had com-
pleted at least a minor in mathematics, includ-
ing integral calculus.
During 1936-37, Epsilon chapter members
attended the lecture of Professor Marshall
Stone of Harvard University, who spoke in the
Mathematics Colloquium series in the gradu-
ate school. Prominent speakers who addressed
the meeting included Dr. J.C.C. McKinsey, il
research fellow, who discussed Lukasiewicz -
Tarski Logic, Dr. Leo Zippcn of the YV.S.Cl.
Qxiatiiemaiics ciepartrnent, who presented El
paper on Il topic of higher mathematicsg and
Dr. Bernard Friedman, who out-
lined the Convergence of Infin-
Pi Mu Epsilon carried on
activity outside of XVashington
Square College. Many contests
were conducted for high school
students, the most noteworthy
being the fourth annual Inter-
scholastic Math Contest in late
April. High School students
from New York City and the
metropolitan area competed by
taking a three-hour comprehen-
sive written examination in ele-
mentary algebra, intermediate
algebra, and plane geometry,
with gold, silver and bronze medals awarded
to the most proficient individuals. Champ-
ionship teams, including the highest scoring
teams from New York City, New Jersey, Nas-
sau, and Suffolk Counties in New York State,
and the territory north of New York City
including Connecticut, were awarded loving
cups, the ranking member of each team re-
ceiving a certificate of merit.
At YVashington Square College, freshmen
competed in an essay contest, writing on solely
mathematical topics, and upperclassmen took
a comprehensive examination and oral quiz
before a committee of judges. This was the
first time that this contest was held, and cash
prizes were awarded to the winners.
Sidney G. Roth was director of Pi Mu
Epsilon, Herbert Moss, secretary, Sigmund
Morok, treasurer, and Myrtle Rosen, librarian.
Warren C. Buckland, Leonard Cohen, Selma
lilein. Hyman Lippman, Mary Roochnik, an-il
.Xrnold Strasshurg were members,
Eta Sigma Phi
Alpha Zeta, XVashington Square College's
chapter of Eta Sigma Phi, national honorary
society of the classics, began its activities with
a theatre party at a performance of Robert
Turney's 1,llllgfIf!'l'S of Alrerzs. Turney pre-
sented a synthesis of the Greek tragic cycle,
portraying the essential qualities of Greek
manners and morals.
During the Christmas season, Eta Sigma
Phi members engaged in a realistically Roman
Saturnalia, based upon the Roman belief that
this was the day for masters to be replaced by
their slaves. Alpha Zeta chapter celebrated
with a two-act satire, the Hrst act showing a
Hrst year Latin class bungling its way through
a dictionary with a professor doing his best
to impede their progress. The second act con-
sisted of an imaginary Classics faculty's descent
into Hades, and subsequent begging of admis-
sion into the Elysian Fields.
During the second term three lectures
from the Square faculty were heard. At one
meeting, Professor Eli E. Burriss discussed
"Roman Religion and Superstitionf' at an-
other, Professor Spencer spoke on "Greek
Life," as represented and misrepresented in
current drama, and at a third, Dr. Alexander
Kerns discussed the teclmicalities of the Latin
language and its later developments.
The third annual Henry Martyn Baird
Memorial Contest in Latin sight-reading was
held in April. Representatives from high
schools in New York City and the metropoli-
tan districts competed. To the winning team
went the trophy, a silver loving cup, individu-
al winners were awarded gold, silver, and
Outstanding Classics undergraduates went
through three social ceremonies during and
after being accepted for membership. A
pledge tea was held in February, the initiation
and induction ceremonies in March, and the
farewell social in May.
During l936-37 Irving Krongelb was Eta
Sigma Phi president, and Frederick Dorst, vice-
president. Alice Checkovitz and Lawrence
Lally were secretaries, and Mayer Franklin,
treasurer. Senior members were Florence Cro-
mien, Rebecca Kammelman, Dorothy Schaef-
fer, and Vera Miller. Mr. Lionel Cohen was
Beta Lambda Sigma
Meetings dealt primarily with subjects of biological interest.
Early in 1920, a group of Heights
biology majors met with an interested
and cooperative faculty and organized
Beta Lambda Sigma, thirteen years
later, in 1933, a chapter of the honor-
ary biology society was organized at
YVashington Square College.
From its formation, Beta Lambda
Sigma members were attracted because
of purely scientihc interest. The so-
ciety held no socials, and meetings
dealt primarily with subjects of pro-
fessionally biological interest. Mem-
bership at the Square, in fact, was
highly selective, only those undergrad-
uates being eligible for consideration
who had completed at least three
terms of biology, had attained a high
degree of scholastic proficiency, and
evinced an active interest in biological
As aids to the program of sponsor-
ing purely scientific activity, several
noted lecturers addressed the society.
At one meeting, Dr. Robert Chambers,
Research Professor of Biology at
XVashington Square College, discussed
"Defense Mechanisms of Leucocytesf'
Dr. Chambers used, as illustration,
movie films which revealed the pro-
tective functioning of white corpuscles
in the blood stream.
Beta Lambda Sigma oflicers for
1936-37 were: Arthur Dolnansky, vice-
chancellor, and Dr. Arthur M. Cros-
man, secretary-treasurer. Dr. Harry
M. Charipper was faculty adviser.
Active members included Herbert
Eisler, Milton Eller, Rose Hartman,
Florence Kaplan, David Kleiner, Hy-
man Lippman, Y'Vil1iam Lutz, Morris
Miller, Bernard Nachtigal, Benjamin
Payson, Melvin Plancey, joseph Press,
Herbert Puller, George Rosen, Benja-
min Rothberg, Leonora Schustek, Ro-
bert Sorkin, Seymour Turner, Solo-
mon X'Veilkaz, and George Zlobin.
Ten students, Square undergrad-
uates in 1925, were the founders -rf
Psi Chi, for the ten students organized
the YV.S.C. Psychology Organization:
the Psychology Organization gained
members yearly, and in l935, received
charter and chapter membership in
the national honorary psychology so-
Psi Chi at Square was strictly hon-
orary, membership limited to students
whose names appeared in the upper
third of the Psychology major-minor
scholastic honor rollg the society's aint
was the stimulation of active interest
and research in psycliology.
Activities at Psi Chi meetings in-
cluded a lecture on the "Psychologi-
cal Aspects of Neuro-Surgery"g a film
on the reactions of a human infant
and a chimpanzee in similar environ-
ments, interpreted and commented on
by Professor Schneirlag attendance at
a clinical demonstration of UBCll21Yi0l'
Patterns of Infants of lliflerent Age
l,evels": and trips: to Ledgewortit
Village, guided by Dr. Humphrey,
who discussed, "Possibilities of lrain-
ing lJefec'tives"g to the laboratories of
the New York Bell 'llelephone Com-
pany for explanation of research in
sensory modalities, and to the Chil-
dren's Village at Dobb's Ferry.
New members were inducted and
oflicers retired at the last meeting.
Benjamin 'l'heeman was president
during 1936-E573 Lillian Levine, secre-
tary. Senior members were Doris
Kaplan, Lillian Maisel, Beatrice Mat-
ter, Gertrude Robinson, Solomon
Strauss. Marvin Sentnor, and Hlalter
Newman. Professor XVillian1 D. Glenn
was the faculty adviser.
To broaden opportunity for
furthering the aim of this or-
ganization, Psi Chi aided last
year in the formation of the
Psychology Club. This afford-
ed outlet for all interested un-
dergraduates, without the Psi
Chi requirement of an excep-
tionally high scholastic aver-
age, and lectures, group dis-
cussions and trips to places of
psychological interest were
To provide for the closer afliliation of pre-medical women studentsg to
promote higher standards of scholarshipg to bring women medical students into
more direct contact with the professional medical world: these were the aims of
Aesclepiad as stated under its constitution.
Election to this Square honor society was an award well-esteemed by women
pre-medical students. Formed by a group of interested undergraduates in 1926,
Aesclepiad membership was limited to students who had completed at least
thirt '-two Joints of credit, had com leted those Joints with hi fli standing and
l I P
l B s,
were judged by the faculty to possess outstanding qualifications for the study
To begin fullillment of its social, intellectual, and professional program, the
The pre-med women students honor so-
ciely"s socials were attended by members
who brought their guests, but even here
the symposium was not neglected. "Lee-
uwenhoek and llis Microscope" was the
subject of an enlightening discussion led
by Dr. John B. Stein, who described the
scientist's early adventures, his history
and the importance of his investigations.
society began the '36-'37 season with a tea, in-
vitations being issued to all pre-medical women.
Here, Dr. Malvina Schweizer of the Square Bio--
logy department, discussed "The Function of the
Pituitary and Related Glands." Besides reveal-
ing knowledge of interest and importance to the
students, Dr. Schweizer also commented briefly
on the recent advances in research concerning
the entire endocrine system.
As always, Aesclepiad associated its social
with its intellectual aims: speakers of reputation
were invited to contribute to most meetings. But
this year there was, as well, innovation, when,
for the first time since its organization, women of
,-Xesclepiad combined their elforts with Claducean,
menys pre-medical honor society, in a joint social.
The most significant event of the second
term, at least for prospective members, was the
Aesclepiad annual induction ceremony. Besides
the usual quota of student novitiates, Professor
Munson, wife of Professor McTavish. and for-
merly of the Square Chemistry department, was
installed as an honorary Aesclepiad member.
During l93li'37, Janice Cutler was president
of Aesclepiad: Leonora Schustek, vice president,
Rose Hartman, secretaryg and Ruth Stein, treas-
urer. Eva Sharpe and Ann Broadhurst were the
other members, and Dr. Ruth B. Howland the
Fine character and personality were Cad-
ucean requirements, as well as scholarship.
Members, however, had to be pre-medical male
undergraduates who had completed at least
forty-eight points, and who possessed a gener-
al scholarship average of at least eighty-fire
One of the oldest and largest of Square
honorary societies, Caducean's activities were
not alone scientific. Numerous socials were
held throughout the year, offering welcome op-
portunity for personal acquaintance among
Meetings, however, were devoted to work
of purely medical interest. This year's first
lecturer was Dr. Louis Sternberg of Beth Is-
rael Hospital, who discussed "Allergic Dis-
easesf' At other meetings, Dr. Robert T. Con-
nor, prominent lecturer on medical topics,
outlined the role of "Vitamins in Relation to
Nutrition," Dr. A.O. Gettler, city toxicologist,
Caducean members did not only listen
to lecturers and attend socials but al-
so engaged in many practical activities
revealed "Toxicological Methods," and Dr.
John Mfykolf was a speaker from the New
York College of Medicine.
YVith the annual banquet in May, new
members were initiated, and alumni returned
to relate medical school experiences.
During l936-37, Seymour Turner, was
Caducean president, Herman Kleinman vice-
president-treasurer, and Joseph Press, also
treasurer. The Faculty Senate, including Pro-
fessors Ritter and MacTavish, assisted in guid-
ing society aflairs. Senior members were Ab-
raham Corn, Arthur Dolnansky, Herbert Eis-
ler, Herbert Fishbein, Morris Greenberg, Isa-
dore Grossman, Paul Kaminsky, David Klein-
er, Robert Lauterbach, Hyman Lippman,
John Palmer, Benjamin Payson, Herbert Pul-
ler, Hyman Rossman, Nathan Radunsky,
George Rosen, Robert Sorkine, Solomon YVeil-
kaz, and Fred YVeiss.
as well. The group visited the New
York Hospital and was allowed to wit-
ness surgical technique as employed in
Members feel that a film on 66011-
stetricsw and a trip to Ward's
Island for an illustrated lecture
on "Abnormal Psychology" by
Dr. Charles Stein were among the
outstanding features of the year.
quare Economics Society
Formed originally a discussion group
for all students intereste in the study of eco-
nomics, the Square Economics Society soon be-
came very, very honorary. Eligible for mem-
bership were those undergraduates who had
completed at least a minor in economics with
a ninety per cent average, and who, at the
same time maintained a high level of general
Many outstanding speakers addressed the
society during 1936-37. David Moscovitz, law-
yer and member of the National Labor Rela-
tions Board, discussed "The Functions of the
National Labor Relations Boardl' at an early
meeting. Mr. Moscovitfs presentation of the
government's relations with labor was vivid
and timely, but it was not accepted mutely: a
spirited discussion followed, and both students
and economics faculty members clashed with
The talk of Professor Frieda XVunderlich
of the New School for Social Research on "Soc-
ial Insurancei' was followed at a subsequent
meeting by Sidney Ratner's discussion of
"Bankers in Supreme Court History." Mr.
Ratner, who is a well-known author, and lec-
turer at Columbia University, reviewed the
history of the Court, with emphasis on what
he felt has been the continuously conservative
One of the most popular subjects for dis-
cussion at society meetings was the persistent
conflict between XVilliam Green's American
Federation of Labor and John L. Lewis's Com-
mittee for Industrial Organization. At one
group gathering, Professor Theresa XVolfson
of Brooklyn College led this discussion, say-
ing that the crux of the battle has always been
Creen's belief in the craft unio11 as the most
desirable type of worker's organization, as
against Lewis's faith in the effectiveness of a
combined mass of industrial and craft
Most of the work of the Square Econom-
ics Society was carried on through the appear-
ance of the guest lecturers, and group discus-
sions. The one large social event, however,
was the banquet at the close of the second
term, when new members were inducted and
the work of the year was officially ended.
Dining 1936-37, Milton Fried was presi-
dent, and Lucille August secretary. Senior
members were Arthur Adler, Julius Altman,
Donald Beringer, Tanya Donowitz, Herbert
Gottlieb, Leonard Fischman, Saul Miller,
Bernard Miller, Dorothy Schaeffer, Leo Sher,
and Rene Myers.
Doing its best to safeguard
liberalism at the college,
the Square Economic Soci-
ety each term presents
prominent personalities dis-
cussing current topics.
automobiles - everything
economic, comes before the
attention of the honorary
Eligibility for membership was open to pre-law sophs with high scholastic averages.
Because lew pre-law students have knowl-
edge ol the technicalities of jurisprudence,
xlustinian, honorary pre-law society, was or-
ganized at the Heights in 1904 to recognile
merit among undergraduate pre-law students.
and to help those students by presenting law
in both theory and practice.
It was not until 1033, however, that a Just-
inian chapter was formed at lVashington
Square-Jay Albert Bobrowsky, then a pre-law
student. Eligible lor membership were those
pre-law sophomores who had an avei age ol at
least B. .-Xt the end ol' the year, such students
were interviewed by the executive committee,
final acceptance depending on this interview
as well as upon scholastic standing.
Many noted lawyers were presented to the
society's members during l936-37. Dr. Alex-
ander O. Gettler, toxicologist lor the city ol'
New York, also addressed the group on "Medi-
Law in practice was well-illustrated for
-lustinian members by visits to police line-ups,
police courts, the famous Bronx Family Court,
and the Institute of Domestic Relations. One
group made a trip to XVashington between
terms as personal guests of Edgar Hoover,
chief ol the Federal Bureau ol' Investigation.
They heard Mr. Hoover explain the functions
ol' his department, and submitted to linger-
print tests for the department's records.
lVhile in XVashington, the group visited
also, the Supreme Court, and noted with in-
terest the pleading ol' Alohn XV. Davis in a
250,000,000 tax suit.
As a usual procedure, .lustinian ended the
year's activities with an induction dinner in
honor ol' new members. Mr. Skinner of the
Square Government department was this
year's honorary member.
Ollicers were Hugo M. Castello, president:
Morris Xlidensky, vice-president, Mary Dolan,
secretary, -lerry Rockman, treasurer. Active
members were Sidney Krieger, Oscar Blau-
stein, Sheldon Blum, Bernard Eidler, Con-
stance Hanl, Eleanor Kushel, Samuel Meyer,
Robert Oksner, Ethel Rosenberg, Dorothy
Rubin, Arthur Scheiner, Richard Secular,
Stanley Schindler, Margaret Schlichting, Har-
old Schillinger, and Hyman Silver.
Members are chosen for special ability and interest in sociology.
lpha Kappa Delta
Alpha Kappa Delta was a "noir
secret, democratic, national honorary
society whose ideal was to investigate
mankind for the purpose of service."
Members were chosen from those
undergraduates who had manifested
superiority in general scholarship and
had demonstrated, to the approval of
the Square faculty of the Department
of Sociology and Anthropology, spec-
ial ability and interest in sociology.
At each meeting of Gamma chap-
ter, the members were addressed by a
prominent sociologist or a faculty
member. Professor E. Adamson Hoe-
bel presented material on the Chev-
enne and other Plains Indian tribes,
and Professor Ray E. Baber on
Chinese Customs and Practices.
Two induction teas for new
members were held, one in January,
the other in April. The January
meeting was combined with a business
meeting for the election of new ofh-
cers. These were Josephine Crocker,
president, Annabelle Nitzberg, vice
president, and Martha Mandel, secre-
tary. Manet Fowler was chosen as
representative for the Nzfztns' Leiter,
national olhcial organ.
At the January induction, eight
new members were received after cere-
monies, and a talk by Professor C. G.
Dittmer. These were Grace Herman,
Martha Mandel, Helen Margon, Ger-
trude Robinson, Jeannette Camus,
Manet Fowler, Sue Flanagan, Harriet
Damon. Professor E. Adamson Hoe-
bel was faculty adviser.
Only upperclass pre-dental stu-
dents who exhibited dehnite qualities
of sclrolarsliip and personality were
chosen as members ol lfauchardian,
organized in llifill by Jesse Lansner.
lizuli eligible student was interviewed
by the society's executive council and
faculty senate, and those undergradu-
ates selected who seemed most likely'
to prolit by Fauchardian's social and
These benelits were many. Fau-
chardian maintained a library of
books on dental subjects, besides com-
plete, up-to-date lists of dental school
catalogues. Advisers, on the faculty
and within the society, gave members
and other pre-dental students advice
as to choice of a dental school, and
inl'ormation as to requirements for
During the second term, Fauchar-
dian members visited the New York
University Dental College.
The numerous socials held dur-
ing the year were climaxed by the in-
duction Dinner, at which Dean New-
man, ol' the Dental School, was de-
clared honorary member for l937.
Bert Ross was Fauchardian presi-
dent, Edward Gootzeit, vice president.:
Edward Friedman, secretary, and lrv-
ing Diamond, treasurer. Members
were H. Alexander, A. Androlli,
Berl, Xvilliam Berman, H. Blank, M.
Brown, Dimuro, A. Feldman, A.
Gabriel, Ginsberg, A. Gold, H.
Greenberg, A. Guttelman, S. Halpern,
E. Holzapfel, I.. Horowitz, N. Levine,
T. Levine, M. Lipschitz, N. Lipschitz,
E. Lisman, H. Massarsky, A. Mooney,
A. Nadel, A. Olman, M. Pobiner, N.
Rosner, Rosenberg, XV. Richter, B.
Riley, L. Rudich, S. Saltiel, N.
Schwartz, M. Siegel, H. Stangel, P.
Fauchardian sponsored lectures at
which prominent individuals spoke.
Among the men who addressed the honorary society were
Professor Hoopgarner, of the New York University Dental
College, who lectured on "Psychology in Relation to Dent-
istryf' Dr. Alexander discussed "Socialized Medicine and
Dentistry in Soviet Russiaf'
Delta Phi lpha
Tau chapter of Delta Phi Alpha,
national honorary society for students
and teachers of the German language
and German literature, has only been in
existence at the Square since 19323 yet it
has been one ot the most active of the
Square honorary societies.
Members of Delta Phi Alpha were
pledged to promote scholarship in the
German language and the understanding
of German literature. lt was also the
society's aim to honor students 'ol' Ger-
man who had shown marked proficiency
in study, and to bring together these un-
dergraduates for a more general appreci-
ation and enjoyment of the classic works.
Membership in Delta Phi Alpha was
an honor, but it was also a responsibility.
Tau chapter members had to plan Deut-
scher Verein meetings and socials as well
as their owng oflicers of Delta Phi Alpha
were officers likewise of Deutscher Yer-
Numerous meetings were held, at
which faculty members and other men
and women prominent in their fields ad-
dressed the group.
To aid in the spread of German cul-
ture, movies ol' historic German spots
were shown at several gatherings, and all
socials were tinged with German flavor,
the old Germany of costumes and songs,
feasting and merryntaking.
The society aided in preparations
for the German Thanksgiving Party, lor
the Christmas Party, which was one of
the most colorful in the group's history,
with a German Santa Claus and cos-
tumed dancersg and the party at Easter.
Novel German games and party stunts
were featured at these gatherings, as well
as at the annual Jahrmarkt or German
Fair, which also had a German band for
As in previous years, Delta Phi Al-
pha members participated in the annual
German play, and the year's activities
were ended with the induction tea for
new members in April.
Paul Bruns was president of Tau
chapter. Senior members were Irving
Krongelb, Vera Miller, Mildred Raphael,
Herbert Eisler, lValter Fahrer, Arthur
Feigenbaum, Harry H. Friedman, lVal-
lace Gobetz, Nathan Goldstein, Mervin
YV. Greenberg, Erich Hardt, Rose S.
Hartmann, Eugene Holzapfel, Ethel Kap-
lan, Evelyn Konoff, Helen Mason, Alice
A. McCann, Louis R. Orenstein, John F.
Petras, John Peerson, jr., Hannah C.
Preel, Margaret Seckel, Natalie Shainess,
Harold Rosen, Harold Von Hole, Bea-
trice XX'eissman, Raymond XVolf, Fanny
Zimmer, Selma Traner.
Most members of Delta Phi Alpha were also associated
with Deutscher Verein, the German Club, which possesses
one of the largest membership rolls at Wvashmgton
To bring together history stu-
dents, and to encourage an interest
in problems of current and ancient
history, Professor Jonathan French
Scott organized the Historical Society
The XVashington Square College
History faculty selected Society mem-
bers from outstanding junior and sen-
ior history majors.
During 1936-37, the society held
monthly meetings, at which members
discussed the historical backgrounds
and immediate importance of the
19311 presidential campaign, Franklin
D. Roosevelt's policies as president,
the Spanish Civil XVar and its inter-
national aspectsg the functions and
future of the League of Nations.
An especially distinguished guest
among tl1e many prominent speakers
who addressed the group during the
vear, was Sir Arnold Forster, interna-
tionally famous disarmament expert,
who discussed "The Present Arms
Race-Can It Be Stopped in lime?"
As at previous meetings, Sir Arnold's
talk was followed by a round-table
discussion with Historical Society
Student members, as well as Pro-
fessors Bruun and Cochran as honor-
ary members, were installed in May,
1936, at the Annual Dinner.
Irving lierelson presided at So-
ciety meetingsg Muriel Ginsburg was
SCt'1'Ct?tl'y. Members for 1936-37 in-
cluded -Iames Fagan, Esther Katz, Her-
man Kleinman, Ruth Ortenberg,
Frances Reichman, Blanche Rubin-
sky, Leo Sher, Milton Amgott, An-
thony Battaglia, Frederick Dorsk, Syl-
via Freeman, Thelma Krmnan, Elea-
nor Kushel, Rita Moreau, Jerome
Rockman, Nathan Rothenberg, Louis
Schreibmann, Muriel Zinovoy, XVill-
Members enjoyed discussions of current and
2 " f
.. , ,V N , In
On a cold evening in late October, two
students, grey caps shadowing their features,
faced a blustery northwest wind which swept
VVashington Square and walked along Uni-
versity Place, stopping occasionally to place a
white object on the pickets of a fence which
encircled the park.
They halted momentarily at the corner of
University and Fourth Street, deposited their
last white object and turned around to sur-
vey their handiwork.
"Nice job, Tom, isn't it," the smaller one
"Nice job," Tom quietly assented.
"If the Dean linds out, we'll be expelled,"
the smaller one said.
Tom wasn't listening. l-ascinated, he
stared at the gleaming wlnte objects which
gazed steadily at the empty solitude of Uni-
"Ken," he said, "lien, I hope a drunk
comes along tonight. He'll never forget it."
B Grace Of The
In the morning when the residents of
XVashington Square opened their doors for
their papers they were shocked out of their
usually placid attitude to hnd themselves con-
fronted by a row of grinning white skulls pert-
ly perched on the pickets of the Square fence.
Investigation revealed that the base of each
cranium was stamped "Property of New York
SF Ill! if
That was some sixty years ago, when the
classic four story Gothic structure off XVaverly
Place was the center of New York University
student life, when the environs of the park
were the meeting place of classmates and the
horror of freshmen.
There is water in the park today. But to
the freshmen and sophomores of YV.S.C. the
fountain is only a wading pool for the Village
urchins. The traditional freslnnen duckings
have disappeared, the pitched battles, except
for occasional snowball fights, have been stop-
ped by the authorities, and in its stead one
finds social meetings sponsored by Square or-
ganizations, children disregarding "Keep Off"
warnings, playing football and baseball on the
Park Green, nurses wheeling their white car-
riages, resting Villagers, students lazing in the
warm spring sun.
In winter, snowflakes transform the earth-
liness of the Park into a lonely pastel of white
loveliness. A solitary hardy student ventures
to walk along its paths. The children, the
meetings, the Villagers, the nurses, the students
are all gone. Only Garibaldi remains.
'XC fl? ilk
They call him Mike, and he is as much
a part of the College campus as is the majes-
tic Xkfashington Arch which frames the Fifth
Avenue entrance to the Park.
"Shine mister, shine mister?"
Mike lives in Brooklyn and has a small
"Five bambino, that's all."
His job he regards as one of the Hner arts,
not to be taken lightly. Somewhat reticently
he explains his position on the subject.
"If I shine shoe good, I makka one more
customer. All time I hear you boys talk art,
while I shine shoes. To shine shoe good is
art. Good shine, more customer."
His brown box has been a Fixture on the
campus for almost eight years and he intends
to keep it here for as many more. Lightning
with a shoe-shine cloth, Mike fears no com-
"I gotta steady customers," he says.
The shoe-shine men-there are approxi-
mately twenty vieing for student trade-re
spect Mike, for he is the oldest. During the
course of a slow afternoon, they often gather
in groups and discuss Mussolini, Italy, their
"bambinos," food and business.
A heavy, broad-shouldered man of about
fifty-fiveghe won't give his age--Mike likes
"You meet lotta nice people," he says.
He believes himself a character expert
and will devote much time-if you will listen
-to describing the student types.
"You know," Mike says, "I can always
tell what boys give me a tip. His shoes always
clean. Him I give special shinef,
Sometimes he abruptly stops talking:
"Exco'ose please," he says. "I see a steady
"Shine mister, shine mister."
Sk SF 5?
Summer turns to fall, winter, and then
spring again. Even Varieties recognizes the
signs and its cover epitomizes spring love in
the Park. Boy and girl sit side by side on a
bench, forlornly appraising the cement walk.
The pigeons return to the park greens to be
chased by the Village kids beginning their
practise for the baseball season.
In front of the Main Building, the clans
begin to gather. Groups of discussionists, anx-
ious politicians with an eye on the forthcom-
ing s-Jring elections, seniors apathetically sur-
veying the street scene, sit lazily on the Park
railing. A city forester, dressed in resplendent
green, walks the length of the rail every fifteen
minutes politely murmuring, "Off the rail,
please, off the rail, please."
The Leftist and non-partisan organiza-
tions are imbued with fresh blood as the prob-
ability of an audience increases progressively
with the return of warm weather. And back
to the campus Looey and his soap box.
"I am the liberalest liberal," he states.
He talks on any subject in the world. ln
an lrour's discussion, he sometimes covers
Marxism, Nazism, Esquire, New Yorker and
Ballylzoo. He is not a student and claims in-
dependence of 'fbinding organization ties."
"I ain't prejudicedf' he says, 'Tm the lib-
eralest liberal. I talk at N.Y.U., Columbia,
Hunter, Union Square, Columbus Circle and
even City College. I cover the Universities."
At the conclusion of his lecture, he may
pass an old brown hat among his audience and
ask for contributions, or attempt to sell some
newly-published magazine telling of the hor-
rors of a concentration camp. L-ooey always
comes back with the spring.
The Fifth Avenue bus trundles through
the ltlashington Arch, past the fountain to the
corner of Fourth Street, its last stop. Across
the street from Judson a lfV.P.A. open-air vau-
deville show has its headquarters during the
months of July and August. Summer students,
strolling in the Park after late classes are en-
tertained by the Federal Theatre Group. In
the early spring, sophomore and juniors util-
ize the space near the fountain to conduct
punch ball games. In the evening the Park's
twinkling lights offset the sombre appearance
of the Main.
"Gotta cigarette, buddy?"
A transient looks eagerly at the offered
pack. In the yellow glare of a match, l1is un-
shaven face is disturbing, frightening.
"Thanks," he says, "Thanks a lot."
He sits down 'on a bench and inhales
deeply, the smoke lingering in his throat be-
fore he breathes it out.
TraHic after dusk through the lVashing-
ton Arch is slow. The headlights of passing
cars shine momentarily on the tarnished statue
of Garibaldi, his right arm valiantly clutching
his sword. There is an ancient anecdote at
YV.S.C. concerning Garibaldi and his sword,
but we shouldn't disclose his secret. Most sen-
iors are acquainted with it anyway.
The shoe-shine men, the students, the
nurses, the children, even the transients dis-
appear as the evening wears on. At eleven
o'clock the bright lights of the Reserve Read-
ing Room and Study Hall are dimmed. Stu-
dents drift through the Park to subways and
Only Garibaldi remains.
By graee of the Park Com-
mission and those students
who can afford a shine,
they exist and have become
a permanent sight on the
Square campus. Their live-
lihood is uncertain, varying
with the seasons and the
weatherg their ranks in-
clude small boys and old
men. The majority are of
Italian extraction. Some
carry comfortable chairs
for the customer, others
use park benches. They are
all experts in their field,
wielding a mighty shu-
The Glory That Was The HERALD
On the second lloor of the South Build-
ing stand seventeen black owls, each about
three and a half feet in height. Journalism
students see them often, otrrers who frequent
the South Building find them a familiar sight,
yet few know where they canre from, why they
happen to be roosting there in the South
All sorts of stories have sprung up in the
years the owls have been with us. Some say
they were given the school by Pulitzer with
the strange provision that they never be mov-
ed. And some say that every lew years one of
thern disappears, never to be heard from a-
gain. These, it is rumored, go to sea "with
pussycats, in beautiful pea-green boatsfy But
the owls just stand patiently, opposite the
Placement bureau, and look wise.
YVC irate to destroy any romantic illusions,
but their story is actually no secret. They or-
iginally adorned tlre facade and arch ol the
old Herald Building on Herald Square. They
were part of a display that included among
other things, a great bronze clock, with a huge
bronze woman who struck the hours. The
whole business was the result of a two-hun-
dred thousand dollar splurge by James Gor-
don Bennett, publisher of the famed Herald.
For years they stood therc, a town sight,
symboli7ing the eccentricrty that was james
Gordon Bennett'sg part of the legend that
surrounded this man who was known to con-
temporaries as '4The Caliph ol Bagdadf'
The glory that was the Herald, with its
record 500,000 circulatrorr, faded. XVhen
James Gordon Bennett, the younger, died, the
Herald Building was sold to Frank Munsey.
Btrt the owls renrairred in their places, still
blinking with their socketed eyes at the worn-
an who struck the hours.
Finally, Mr. Dewart, successor to Munsey,
presented the clock with rts striker, busts of
Bennett, and other relics of the Bennett reign,
to New York University. The clock stands near
the Hall of Fame at University Heights. The
busts of Bennett, together with a file of the
Herald, cartoons, and other things, are in the
"Bennett Roornl' on the South Buildingis sec-
ond iloor. And along one wall, solemn, in-
scrutable, stand seventeen black owls.
Placed rather haphazardly, at the present
tirne, they serve no conceivable purpose. One
usrrally dependable news source has it that
they may eventually decorate some New York
Urriversity building that has yet to be built.
XVhich is one way oi saying that the owls can
be removed. And not a single one of the owls
has even been ingenious enough to disappear.
Maybe they like it well enough where they are.
Four four years now, we've waited pa-
tiently, hoping that., perhaps, some student
prankster would hoist at least one of tlrenr on
to the top of the Arch or sorrrething. But now
we've given up. Students just haven't got im-
agination any more.
lmplanled in the heart of the
greatest melting pot in tlle
world, the Square seems to be
tlle converging point for all
the cross currents of political
opinions that mark New York
City. Radicals and republicans
rub elbows with retailers of
every conceivable ware. Upin-
ions are freely vendedg im-
promptu argument between
believer and believer. Elec-
tions find major parties toss-
ing microphone magic at amaz-
ingly indifferent student audi-
ences. Gateway to a city, the
Square is a center for soap-
Scenes Like These Led To Trouble
The student curb
book mart was al-
ways a competitive
thorn in the side of
the University book
shop. A number of
students paid their
tuition by trade on
the sidewalk ex-
And Proposal Of A Student Co op
Following the unexpected arrest
of two students engaged in sell-
ing their wares outside the Main,
a student committee was formed
to investigate the existing fric-
tion between bookstore officials
and the sidewalk retailers. The
W. S. C. Bulletin, editorially,
urged that a student co-operative
be established. Following several
diseusisons with Dean Loomis,
who heartily favored the pro-
posed co-op plan, and Mr. Lott,
supervisor of the bookstore, the
committee suggested that the
book store place the used-book
counter at the disposal of the
student body. After approval by
the student councils of the down-
town schools and the University
committee, which controlled the
Bookstore policy, the eo-op was
to become a fact on July 1, 1937.
Eating is a very serious business in
the Commons. Wittless the young
lady munching away at her ap-
plesauce. The gentleman thought-
fully considering the menu. The
still life of vegetable matter. The
group at the right is only idling,
but you find nice people all over.
. i. . Junction
Somewhat less impressive than the Louvre, somewhat
less ancient than the Coliseum, the Coinnions is the Stluares
most significant rontrilnition to posterity. Occupying space
which once housed a sweatshop, it now plays host to the
succeeding generations ol Square students who have sought
a quiet place in which to cut their classes.
Architecturally, the Coinnrons is an interesting blend
olgw1r1's. The classic simplicity 'ol its pillars is dramatically
set against a painted background ol green-a shade which
critics have described as "hangover emerald." However, it
is not tl1e architecture which transforms the Commons from
a heanery into something like a sanctuary. Indeed, viewing
the Continous in its purely functional capacity, it is pos-
sible to critici7e individual features of the lable Whole.
The crepes suzette prepared at the Lafayette, lor example,
are definitely superior to that dished out in the Commons.
But man does not live by bread alone, and for a true es-
timate ol the Commons we must move to a higher plane.
It is the atmosphere ol the Commons which sets it
apart lrom 'other eating establishments. In the years dur-
ing which it has played host to Square students, the Com-
mons has come to be divided into delinite sections-each
entertaining a dillerent species of undergraduate. At the
north end ol' the smoking annex is located the Kremlin-
local seat ol' the Third International and haven of W.S.C.
leftists. Here one may wallow in a sea of dialectic-rhetoric
which engulls the casual listener and leaves him numb from
the impact ol sheer logic. Here also one encounters the
Trotskyites-an exclusive band of dissident Marxists-who
have renounced the world for a life ol pure contemplation.
Protected from their loes by rigid gaine laws, they roam
the stretches of the Commons imparting their character-
istic llavor to the place.
At the south end sits the lraternity clan-quietly dream-
ing ol their own houses, from which the mortgages will
soon be lifted. Over innumerable cups ol coilee, they com-
pute the hnaneial woes ol' their organizations, and look lor-
wartl-as in earlier centuries men awaited the coming of
the Messiah-to the day when the rent on their frat rooms
can he met. Driven from their haunts by an uncompromis-
ingly realistic world, they smoke and chant characteristic
folk songs and legends.
ln the Commons itself, the student body comes to eat,
giving themselves over to the strictly prosaic business of
vitamins and calories. Although the most practical ol all
the groups which populate the Commons, these are the
most colorless and by far the least significant. Between the
hours of l2 and 2 P. M., these average students converge on
the Commons, gather in little groups about the black tables
and usually discuss their previous class or instructor. Not
many stay longer than an hour-the time necessary to com-
plete their usual lout' course meal. Some have only thirty
minutes to spare, others rush in lor a hurried cup of coffee.
But these are only the transients that form a monotone
Once encountered, the Commons is not easily forgot-
ten. 'lihey tell tales ol' many graduates who have come
back to seek happiness on the vast bosom of Mother Com-
mons. And on still au'tumn evenings men have walked the
streets singing ol the Commons which is-more than any-
thing else-the soul of XVashington Square.
Yvashington Square students are
hagridden by their studies. Their
courses are with them always.
For example, the young man in
the top box is interested in bi-
ologyg the young lady in adver-
lisingg and the three snaps down,
the co-ed is demonstrating a fine
There is an old legend in this
country, running back to Model T
days, that college lile is just one
mad round ol' pleasure. And though
a newer generation of college stu-
dents, sobered by certain annoying-
ly prevalent economic conditions,
has done its best to temper the
myth, the Hollywood conception
Students entering college have,
surprisingly enough, come to ex-
pect what is quaintly termed 'Asome
social lil'e."And Hlashington Square
Colleges concession to this Hrmly
entrenched tradition was the open-
ing of the combined Green and
Blue Rooms in the fall of 1932.
No more did class social com-
mittees have to wait hungrily for
one big annual dance. Friday night
class dances became an institution
. . . Social Life had come to the
The typical Friday night dance
was invariably a gala allair, with
flj fruit punch, QQ dance music,
Qiij entertainment, Q-lj a stag line,
Q55 a prom girl, QGQ a chairman of
a social committee, with UQ the
social committee, and Mr.
The fruit punch was often ac-
companied by cookies, and the com-
bination very effectively lent a way-
back-home note to the proceedings.
The dance music itself was us-
ually satisfactory enough, but the
entertainment was distinctly mem-
orable. Y'Vith the exception ol an
occasional celebrity dragged down
by an enterprising social chairman,
it was supplied by Varsity Show
people, who tore down the house
fgratisj with such gems as "Who
do you think you are, ANYHOXVF'
-the "anyhow" spoken with a ris-
ing inllection, in a manner calcu-
lated to throw any audience into
convulsions. The Freshmen were
bowled over by this sort of thing,
but the gags somehow fell flat with
the upper classmen, who had
listened with admirable patience to
the same skits for years.
Many a Green Room dance
even had its prom girl, but the se-
lection of a prom girl at a college
dance has never been anything to
write a dramatic skit about. By
Green Room Socials
the usual coincidence. she always turned out to be the
date ol tl1e ytlllllg 111a11 "in charge ol' 2ll'l'ZlllgCll1C1llS.u
but nobody ever llllIlllCll, for the PYOIII girl situation
has long bee11 all accepted part of tl1e college scene.
Then there was Mr. Murphy. Last lall l1e left
his place to others YVllCl1 l1e took a more satisfactory
position, but Mr. Nlllflllly guarded tl1e portals ol
practically every social lllff class of '37 ever saw. The
lact tl1at he went through all that and retained his
sanity undoubtedly l'CCUlHlllCfldCCl l1i111 for some sort
ol' tropl1y. One could always see l1i111, besieged by a
l1l0lJ of those creatures belonging to the COIIIIHOH-
or garden yarietywol' chiseler, listening politely to
even the 1nost obviously pl1o11ey stories before u11-
etnolionally waving tl1e Murphy thumb i11 the direc-
lltlll of tl1e exit.
lt was always a lllllllll' II1ySICl'y why anyone even
lllllfllf' desired to l'l'21Sll a Green Room dance, blll
these boys would practically batter dow11 tl1e doors.
XVhen some ol tl1e111 managed to get in they
would start at tl1e l'Cl'l'CSl1l11CllI table, amuse them-
selves for a few n1i11utes by leading tl1e llflllfl, and
IllCIl proceed to the serious business of annoying every
couple on tl1e floor Qwhere they were always whi111-
sic-ally referred to as "heelsf'j
,eXltogether, they were a jolly lot, and 110 Green
Room dance was eyer complete without tl1en1. Afte1
laughing heartily at their antics you could always
leave-finding it easier getting out than it had lJCCll
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eo-eds call it the Sane-
others the Tombs. It's
comfortable and ma-
. Most students find il
For omen Unly
There is a definitely leminine llavor about lourth floor
Main. Co-eds, pouring out ol the even elevators, rush to
their lockers, sometimes drilt into one ol the rest rooms,
either the smoker or the lounge. 'lhe smoker is a charming
little spot, somewhat reminiscent ol a hospital waiting room,
with its uncompromising wooden benches, its bare tables,
and the laded maps that adorn its walls. lfieshmen flock
there, for it seems to them a rather daring thing to smoke at
school, when in high school they would have been threat-
ened with excommunication lor similar conduct.
And so they gather here, like collegians do in the mov-
ies, to "have a butt," as they so quaintly put il, as they
busily cram lor the Bio final or the Math quiz.
The more conservative element frequents the lounge,
a very large room, with lots ol' l'urniture and chintz about,
and the atmosphere ol' a convent near XVest Point. Girls in
Hat-heeled shoes sit and study, while the linger-waved and
lacquer-nailed sorority clique whispers together about "last
night at the Astor Roof." 'lhere is a piano, but music rare-
ly disturbs the deadly calm that hangs over the place. Al-
though the room is called a lounge, lounging on any ap-
preciable scale is discouraged. It seems that it's in some
way immoral, even shocking, to nap in public-unless one
naps sitting up. The horizontal position is frowned upon.
But we suppose that every XY.S.C. cored who ever got
tired of looking at XV.S.C. men, has at some time or other,
for better or worse, found sanctuary in one of these two
For Men nl
Located in the East Buildings basement, with its en-
trance in the Bookstore, the Game Room has been lor sev-
eral years now, part of the legitimate N.Y.lj. campus. For
a short while it was co-ed, but it seems that the young ladies
got some of the boys off their game and so it became a hang-
out reserved for men.
Freshmen usually wander into it by accident early in
their first semester, and are happily surprised to find such
familiar objects as pool and ping-pong tables. Not knowing
very many people around school, they eagerly grasp at the
acquaintanceships so readily picked up there, and before
long it 'becomes the place to go when they have a hall-hour
or so to kill.
By the time they reach their second year, though, most
of them have outgrown it as a steady diet, and, so, most of
the Game Roomys steady customers are freshmen. Upper'
classmen, and even faculty members, dash down occasionally
for a last game of ping-pong, but the real story of the Game
Room's success has been writ by the freshmen, who have
always found it a place where they could hang their hats
and meet other freshmen.
No Game Room story could be complete without men-
tion of "Iron John," who manages the place. Game Room
landmark and father confessor to countless freshmen, the
set of his jaw has always had a quieting influence on those
of the boys who sometimes forget that it's all really in fun.
He forms part of a picture that most Square men will re-
Came room inhabitants spend
most of their time drinking
Coca-Cnlas, studying "Eng-
lishf' playing Ping Pong and
eating Mclnlosh apples.
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. . is the cruelest month
r. G3ll3tiH,S Hobb :
In the South Study Hall ol the Main
Building hang the pictures which go to make
up the Museum ol Living Art. Qlt used to
be called the Gallery ol Living Art, but there
was difficulty with people who wanted to buy
pictures. A gallery in this country is a place
where pictures are hung for sale, while pic-
tues in a museum are merely on exhibition.j
Students are in the habit of gazing on
these pictures with mixed emotions. They
fear and do not understand, so, as a sort of
defense mechanism, they either sneer or ignore
completely. To the great majority of the
Square students, the museum is, unfortunately,
merely a nice quiet place in which to sleep or
Mr. Albert E. Gallatin, who owns the pic-
tures and lends them to the museum here, is
the great-grandson of one of the founders of
the school and is now serving on the New York
University Board of Trustees. He maintains
that Modern Art is the antithesis of all the
anecdotal art which the last hall' of the 19th
The Museum of Living Art
century saw, a reversion to those basic prin-
ciples of architecture, form and composition in
art which recent painters have been too un-
willing or incompetent to include. Modern
Art should not be condemned just because it
is not photographic. Attempting to embody
basic principles of art, it has found photo-
graphic art outside its ken.
Students from art classes all over the met-
ropolitan area visit the museum constantlyg it
is the haunt of those people who appreciate
the truly line works Mr. Gallatin has on dis-
All the clerical work in the nine-year his-
tory of the Museum has been done by Mr.
Gallatin himself, even to the extent of tack-
ing on labels. And Mr. Gallatin graciously
declares that "it would be impossible to main-
tain the Museum were it not for the facilities
provided by the University."
Among the illustrious artists whose work
the Museum includes are Picasso, Braque,
Leger, Matisse, and Miro. A picture by the
last named of the Iive, "Dog Barking At The
Moon," was on exhibition at the Century of
Progress Exposition in Chicago. Others of the
collection have been sent abroad lor show-
ings. Picasso's "The Three Musicians" and
Leger's "The City," both recently added, are
possibly the most important paintings of this
century. The French Government has request-
ed their loan lor the Exposition which opens
in Paris this May.
On the following four pages, ALBUM
presents, through the courtesy of Mr. Gallatin,
eight reproductions of what are perhaps the
most representative works of the entire collec-
tion. You can see the remainder of the collec-
tion by simply walking into Room 102 Main.
Although the works of a number of
gn-at modern artist hang on the
walls of the Museum of Living Art,
to most students the large room on
the south side of the Main is only
the study hall. Engrossed in their
work, books piled high 011 the ma-
hwgany tables, the average students
never notice the existence of these
art treasures, or are never inter-
ested. But if students pay no at-
tention to the paintings, outsiders
do. They come from all parts of
the city to view these exhibitions
and throughout the day small
groups of observers wander about
PORTRAIT OF HIMSELF-Pablo Picasso
CARAFE AND KNIFE-Paul Cezanne
FHIQ THREE M USICIANS-Pablo lJ1'r,'11.v.w
THE X'7IfJLINijllIl7l Gris
LA VALSE-.Gcmgzfs Bwlqm'
DOG BARKING AT THE MOON-joan Miro
THE CITY-Fernaml Lrigm'
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5k"5m5kH WY2fS2RiE NiLiQi
Ci,L7l2.-association united by coin-
mon interest and usually united for
social or political purposes, co-op-
ting by ballot, and having premises
for members, resort, meals, and
Americmz Oxford Dicliomrry
There are two dozen of them in the Square, their individual inter-
est comnion, be it language, religion, politics or science, their unity
questionable, though, where it exists, certainly for social or political pur-
Large, periodically passive associations, with members ranging from
super-sophisticated Freshmen to psuedo-blase Seniors. Small, persistently
active groups, brought together by the force of one aggressively domin-
ating founder and a particular clique of followers-fcxclusive by right ol'
charter membership and distinctive knowledge.
Year after year, they exist by the grace of Student Activities. Pro-
grams little changed, members increasingly or decreasingly spasmodic in
interest and attendance, they continue steadily, placidly, the cycle: Lcc-
ture-meetings, teas, socials, big dance. For all twenty-four the same gen-
eral schedule, altered only by occasional individual interests and
But there are cycle alterations. One, the "big dance": an entrancing
El Centro Hispano Fiesta, a Menorali-sponsored Inter-Faith Danceg a
lustily German Christmas Party for Deutscher Verein, and jahrmarkt,
festive fair, in the spring.
The lecture-meeting: enlivened for Le Cercle Francais by a
French Glee Club: poetry recitals to inspire, and lantern slides for Il
Circolo Italiano illustration: tea, poured politely in the Blue Room,
after Book Club gatherings and rare volume exhibits.
Socials: made pleasantly definite by Christian Association members-
each Friday night a dance in the mood of such planned festivals as a
Backwards, a Salmagundi, or a Last Leap Years Party: a Faculty Social by
Mandel Chem and a party to welcome Feb-Sept Frosh, a December Soci-
ology Club Tea, with singers of strange African songs to entertain.
There are some who rarely hold dances. These are usually the more
seriously scientific, with large memberships, organized primarily to en-
hance professional knowledge.
Bio Group, for instance, which holds no socials, but, instead, en-
lightening scientilic-authority lectures. Field trips for Stevenson Geology
Club, with an occasional social as a substitute: Math Club lectures, and
coaching classes for the less mathematically brilliant Square majority:
International Relations, sponsored by Carnegie Peace Endowment, quiet-
ly working with an International Relations Conference and a Model
Assembly of Nations. Physics Club: Amateur Radio Society: Psychology
Clubfactive solely because of the bond of experimental inquisitiveness.
Politics? It runs through them all: Small-town, subtle, persistent
strategies for mere collegiate importance. Often hysterically passionate,
shamelessly sincere party units.
A filled Education Auditorium. A Communist presidential candi-
date speaks: Earl Browder, a Karl Marx Society attraction. An annual
stimulant for Socialist Club minds: Norman Thomas, rival Socialist as-
These hobby clubs: Photographic Society. A dark room to develop
ALBUM shots-and, quoted precisely from one red-haired feminine
member-to "learn other things besides photography!" Riding Club:
Riding habits worn to classes by enthusiastic female members before Fri-
day riding. Go-Club-4Japanese national game devotees: Chess Club-
seriously intellectual duos, playing idly at lounge tables.
Their premises? Beaver-boarded cubby-holes in South Building: a
dingy green doorway: one creaking, ten-person elevator which comes but
occasionally: rickety wooden steps, crowded with two persons ascending
Bear's Den: loudly-peimanted, dark brown long room, with a piano,
and loungers always in the big chairs.
The homeless: Try Hnding through a departmental ofhcez- "Oh yes,
there is a club, but they never come around herell,
Yet they function, all of them. Spasmodically, prosaically, enthusi-
astically. Clubs: twenty-four in Square: Emblems of the common in-
Entertainment with an informational tinge--
the clubs' function. Lectures-political,
economic and sociological: hobbies-pllotm
graphy, riding and chess: music-primitive,
classical and jazz-they're all intended to
Dramatic Society: ffstage And n
Hl'ou miglzl lmvc said, 011, many llziz1gs."
-Cyrano de Bergerac
In a squared corner of the South Build-
ing, secluded from tl1e daily hurly-burly ol'
student activity o11 the third lloor, there ex-
isted a group ol individuals moulded at 501110
past date into an exclusive band of intellectu-
als and artists sworn to llplltlltl the creed of
Sarah Bernhardt. Four desks, one typewriter,
a lew chairs, and an all important "call" board
comprised the furniture ol tl1e room. And its
inhabitants were as varied as the four desks,
as tenrperaniental as
Square College gave
the old typewriter.
Society ol ll'ashington
two distinct types ol pei-
the year, perlornrances
which were distinguished, and gave their work
an individuality all its own. For o11e thing, it
gave tl1e prosaic type of performance wl1icl1
took the form of plays appearing on the boards
at regular intervals. But, in addition, the So-
ciety gave a continuous nine-hour a day, live
days a week, perlorinance in their third lloor
oHices1 playing to an unappreciative, hetero-
generous audience composed chiefly of Bulle-
lin scribes, N.Y.A. office workers, and Day
Profound, stirring, deep-1 ooted drama
that it was, drawing its material lront the
earth and from tl1e eccentricities of life itself,
it found no enthusiasts, however, in contemp-
orary critics. Habitating ollices on tl1e same
floor as tl1e D.S., these patient men allowed
prejudice to bias their reviews.
"Their antics are reminiscent of Kauf-
lIl3I'l,S family i11 his 'You Cnrfl Take It lI'ill1
You' and Tonkonogy's in 'Three Cornered
Hoon' one critic asserted. "Vital and ener-
getic, perhaps: taken from a page of Life,
maybe. But entirely u11necessary.',
However, the Dramatic Society themes
were not completely immersed in frivolity.
Socially conscious of existing conditions in the
world, they often turned their attention to
political problems, protesting against injustices
with the violent, dynamic voices ol' practiced
orators, and the realistic, eloquent actions
of polished thespians. Undaunted and un-
They were an eloquent,
group, the Dramatic Soci-
ety. T h e i r accomplish-
ments ranged from office
free - for - alls with hats,
gloves, bits of hair and
soaring telephone books
playing an important role,
lo meritorious work in
make-up and stage sets. In
the Playhouse, they pro-
duced legitimate shows, on
the third floor South they
g a v e offstage perform-
ances. To any one acquain-
ted with their activity, the
picture on the lower right,
presumably showing the
D.S. in an offstage mo-
ment, will seem obviously
During thc first semester, the Society produced
such hits as Clifford 0det's MI Canit Sleepf'
Amy Lowcllis "Number 3 On The Docket,"
Thomas Hood's "Song Of The Shirt," E. P.
Conle's 'SSparkin'," done in beautiful period
costumes and Bernard Duffy's "The C0lll8I',,
afraid in a world filled with turmoil and strife,
D.S. members battered through the thin par-
titions separating ollices on the third Hoot'
South, to carry the logic of their gospel to an-
noyed and angered non-combatants.
Discussions, those physical and those phil-
osophical, were usually abruptly cultninated
on the appearance of the guard. Peace, re-
stored for the short space of five minutes, trans-
formed the D.S. scene from something akin to
a Madison Square Garden brawl to a class-
room of abashed high school students.
'iIt's strictly l'.S.A.L. stull'," commented
one of the guards following a particularly
strenuous Dramatic Society session.
But, D.S. memories of past scoldings were
not long lived, and its members reverted to
former habits with childish fervor.
Of their regular attractions presented in
the Playhouse throughout tl1e year, highly
commendable reviews were written, and the
The sf-cond semester saw Odets' Broadway sue-
cess, "Waiting For Leftyii and Irwin Shaw's
'6Bury The Deadi' competently produced on
the Playhouse stage. Ending a highly credit-
able season of legitimate performances, the
Dramatic Society presented Eugene 0'Neill's
"lle', and Chekhov's H011 The High Roadf,
work was thought good enough to be replaye-'l
and broadcast. Three men, Charles Chupet,
George Dollini and Eugene Fischer, recruited
from the lV.P.A. Theatre Project, directed the
Society's noteworthy achievements. Of the
three, Dollini was the prize catch, having been
through escapades over the map generally, in
a Soviet prison camp particularly, and in other
situations wltich make for an interesting per-
sonality. Long, black hair flowing almost to
his shoulders, the short, dark Dollini was a.
bounding ball of artistry. Eloquent to his
fingertips, he directed with spicy individuality.
The Dramatic Society ofhcers for the year
1936-37 were: Natalie Cohen, President, Bet-
inna Aaronson, Business Manager, Violet Ep-
stein, Secretary, Al Lotttnan, Prodttction Man-
ager, Eli Slotkin, Stage Manager, Daniel Beh-
rens, Publicity, Dorothy Dwyer, Costumes, Ed-
ward Kurland, Property Manager, Leonard
Schaff, Stage Electrician, Herbert Tetenbaum,
Chorus and rchestra
Membership in the Xvaslrington Square
Clollege Chorus was not limited to possessors
ol' fine singing voices. Anyone who could read
simple nutsical notation and who enjoyed
singing with a group, was welcome to join
these lovers ol good nutsic on lfriday alter-
uoons in the Organ Room ol .Iudson Church.
The XVashington Scptare College String Ur-
clrestra, however. consisted lor the most part
ol' lairly experienced performers, who tliel
every Tuesday in the Green Room ol' the liast
liuilding. The two musical groups were or-
Qaniyed ttnder the direction ol' Professor Marf
tin Bernstein ol the Music department ol' the
College, who as their conductor, devoted a
tremendous amottnt of time to serious work
on their behall.
Throughout the year, Professor Bernstein
was a well-pleased man. Chorus and orchestra
membership lists had to be closed early in the
season, disappointing many eager aspirants.
The enterprising attitude of the members was
sttch that "Herr Direktor" had no lack ol vi-
tality, so necessary to the type ol music he pre-
lcrs to perlorm. to draw upon. The String
Orchestra, although possessing a more con-
vincing homogeneity ol experience and abil-
ity, did not outdo the Cltorus in sincere intei-
est and cooperationglundamental necessities
ol' group interpretation.
The two societies inaugurated the season
on the evening ol' December 21. Advance sale
ol tickets didnt satisfy the great demand a-
mong the stttdeut body. and the clamor among
visiting alumni only added to the din. The
audience that ltlled the School of Education
Auditorium to capacity was a heterogeneous
conglomeration of students, faculty members,
alumni. and ever-loud parents. On stage, the
Chorus, seated on the .lean 'Weinstein-impro-
vised tiers, and the Orchestra, nervously Hnga
ering their instruments, impatiently awaited
the opening curtain. It was a determined
group on that platlorm, in boiled shirts and
evening gowns, dressed under the Bernstein
dictum ol 'Eno tiaras and positively no fans,
From beginning to end, the performance
was a success. There was hardly ll moment that
passed without the audience being carried
away by the pleasing synchronization of voice
and instrument. The program was highly satis-
fying, including works from Vivaldi, Vaughn
XVilliams, Haydn, Ravel, and Bach. Haydn's
"Toy Symphony." now a yearly orches-
tral Christmas gilt. received trernendous salvos
ol' applause. And there was the cornpelling
brilliance and rmlsicianship ot Edna Fries,
l'orrner Square student, as the piano soloist lor
the Bach "XYir Miissen Durclr Yicl Trubsal in
cidentally, to murmur their appreciation over
stimulating Blue Room relreshnrents.
But there were other patron saints. Dur-
ing the fourth annual Spring Music Xteek
Qobservecl this year with April 14 and .Xpril
I7 concertsj, Henry Purcell likewise received
hornagc, Purcell hasn't been neglected at New
York University: the XX'aslrington Square Col-
lege Chorus and Orchestra had given the Iirst
perl'orrnarrce in the United States ol two ol' his
Das Reich Cortes Eingehenf'
There was also the inspiring
singing of the Chorus in this
cantata, and with tl1e stirring
orchestral accompaniment, in
the linal chorus and chorale
Irorn Bach's "Alles Nur Nach
Following the Christrnas
concert, as in the past two
years, the two societies devot-
ed themselves to the annual
"Bachl'est." "Bach,,' as Pro-
fessor Bernstein said, "seems
to be the Chorus' patron
saint," and every March, the
anniversary of the composer's
birth, is celebrated by what
has been narned the "Bach-
l'cst." The occasion is corn-
rnenrorated in the Green and
Bitte Rooms by the sight-read-
ing of some ol Professor Bern-
steinls huge collection ol
Bach's choral and orchestral
works. A select group of guests
carne this year to delight with
the chorus and orchestra in
the inspiring beauty' of the
great master, and later, in-
Chorus and orchestra re-
hearsals were not the place
for the fun-loving practical
joker. Under the strict guid-
ance of Professor Bernstein,
they were conducted with
rigid sobriety and directed to-
wards the production of a
highly polished work. His col-
lection of Bach eantatas was
unlimited and many were as
yet unsung and unplayed
when the season ended.
operas, "Ring A-Xrtlnrr" and "Diocletian." This
year, Hlliclx and Aeneas" was
successlully lJCl'liUl'1HCLl and re-
ceived as entlrusiasticially as
its predecessor, with the ns-
ual prornixrent soloists. rnany
of wlrorn were members ol' the
Metropolitan Opera Corn-
But piolrann Sebastian
Bach was still number one
patron saint. The April 17
concert was devoted entirely
to his Czttllltllls, and the rnore
larniliar ol lhern were "XVein-
en, lilagen, Sorgen, Zagenf'
"Christ Lag in Toclesbarclenf'
and "XYac'Iret Auff iirst per-
lorrned by the two societies
Xvhen the season ended
with Spring Music XVeek ac-
tivities, the Chorus and Or-
chestra, in joint session, cele-
brated lwo other occasions.
The lrrst was the fourth birth-
day ol. the Chorus, and the
second was the seventh birth-
day of the Orchestra. XVith
united ellorts, Professor Bern-
stein's disciples celebrated
their success and advanced
age, at the sarne time bernoarr-
ing the end of an enjoyable
PROTAGONIST: Active in three years of fresh-
man and Varsity debate, Will Rogow was named
coach of the yearling squad in his senior year.
One of the college's leading debaters, he repre-
sented N.Y.U. on team tours through the South
and Middle West.
The student body as a whole knows
perhaps less about The Varsity Debate
Team than of any other extra-curricular
These unsung protagonists of the
argument carry on their activities in fair
weather or foul, sometimes with few
other than their own numbers to hear
them out. Since the team participates in
over eighty home debates, the university
could hardly be expected to furnish sulfi-
cient audiences. But debating is quite
a dreary business without an audience,
and so the team goes out and takes its
audiences where it finds them. Rotary
Club luncheons, Masonic Lodge meet-
ings, Junior Leagues of Churches, Syna-
gogues, XVon1en's Club meetings, high
school assemblies, public speaking classes
in other colleges-.these and others all
become part of the "home grounds" of
A large number of organizations
have come to depend upon the N.Y.U.
team for at least one debate a year, and
such debates, with distinguished persons
as judges, are widely publicized by the
sponsoring organizations, and attract
large crowds. Sometimes, however, a
sponsor canlt be landed, and a debate
will be held in an empty class room with
only a few fellow debaters present.
In home debates, the opposition
comes from local and out-of-town col-
leges with an occasional private organi-
zation thrown in. Intersectional battles
may be news in football, but they're com-
mon occurrences in debating. In the
course of a debating season, N.Y.U. takes
on teams from all parts of the country.
Our orators take two long trips each
year, usually during March and April,
and during these fortnightly voyages, de-
bates are held with different schools al-
most every night. The visited colleges
play host, and some very interesting
stories leak out about the royal treatment
and entertainment offered our boys. The
trips vary each year, but one is generally
to the west and the other to the south.
In past years the team has visited Flor-
ida, Canada, Louisiana, St. Louis, and
Chicago, with shorter trips to Pennsyl-
vania, Washington, D. C., and New Eng-
land. From two to four debaters make
the rounds with the manager, and ever
The poses may be characteris-
tic but their approach was dif-
ferent. Rheta Benjamin, Leonard
Fischman, Renee Meyers, Leon-
ard Mandel and David Stuzin
had their own personal manner-
isms they projected while on the
rostrum. Although actual con-
tests did not begin until the sec-
ond semestcr, the entire school
year was crowded with important,
since an automobile caught fire in South Carolina and held
up the entire schedule. bus has been the favorite mode of
All debates, with only a few exceptions, are held on one
topic which is the same for all schools in the country. This
facilitates debates with other schools and makes for better
discussions all around. The topic Qagreed on by all schoolsj
is usually one of current public interest. ln past years, ques-
tions have been on the N.R.A., increased power for the presi-
dent, nationalization of munitions, curbing the power of the
Supreme Court, and so forth.
In the held of collegiate debating, N.Y.U. holds a distinct
and unique position. It's an established precedent at N.Y.U.
that every candidate who shows genuine interest will be as-
signed to at least one debate. The debates are not given to
the few best, but are shared by all members of the squad.
Of course, the more experienced and proficient do receive
more and bigger debates, but theres no monopoly. Even on
this basis, our group has the reputation of consistently pre-
senting one of the finest teams in the country, outclassing
many of those schools who restrict their debates to a few
The traditional N.Y.U. debater has a sleek manner, a
confident air, a number of fine, flowing phrases, and a few
memorized speeches. He has to be able to take either the
affirmative or negative of the question, be able to adapt his
arguments to suit his audience, and must be able to think on
his feet. He has to do all these thingsg he couldn't very well
make the same speech to a troop of Boy Scouts that he made
two nights previously to the Ladies' Aid Society of the Grand
Exalted Order of Knights of the Sacred Daffodil.
Oil to a slow start, the American Student
Union this year lost no time in picking up
inonlentuul. and consisteutlv garnered the
spotlight lroiu inost ol' the other student ac-
tivities in XYashington Square College.
Unifying as it does all the liberal societies
in the school. with national or local aflilia-
tions. it is the largest single group perlorniing
the deinands ol the youth movement in the
United States. The A-X. S. l'. takes an active
stand against against war, lascisin, discriniina-
A. S. U.
tion and the R.0.'l'.C., and favors a niore
democratic lortn ol' education.
The inaqior opening ol' the vear bv the
American Student. Union canie when the cani-
pus was aroused over the lack ol a coopera-
tive bookstore where students might. without
extra eost to themselves, exchange and sell
used textbooks. 'lihe aclniinistration appoint-
ed a connuittee to oller a solutionf-where used
textbooks were concerned. The ,VX.S.U. ap-
pointed a conunittee to study the cooperative
movement and ascertain the advisability of
placing the N. Y. U. bookstore under a student
At the American Student Union Conven-
tion held in Chicago the last three days in
December, the body of national representa-
tives -once again reiterated its stand to solidly
oppose the evils of the R.O.T.C., war, fascism,
Taking an active interest in the American
Youth Act, which was presented in Congress
by Senator Ernest Lundeen of Minnesota, the
American Student Union chose two delegates
to represent it on the national pilgrimage to
YVashington, D. C., to lobby for passage of the
Next to come Within the scope of A. S. U.
attacks was the rider attached to the Neu-
trality Bill which said that a fine of not more
than fqS50,000, and imprisonment for not more
than five years, or both, would be the desert
of persons within the United States convicted
of soliciting or receiving any contribution for
any belligerent states, or political subdivision
within a state, engaged in civil or international
war. This measure, it felt, would hit directly
at the "Aid for Spanish Loyalists" campaign
current at the time in the country.
It was at the beginning of the second
semester that the American Student Union
felt that its purposes would be better realized
if a mass meeting of student leaders were held
where opinions could be expressed as to how
the Union platform could be made more in-
clusive and appealing to recalcitrant groups
in the school.
Toward this end a meeting was called for
February 26 and with more than thirty-five
student leaders present, the following plan
was adopted by an overwhelming vote:
Small committees would henceforth be
chosen to aid the executive committee mem-
bers in their various tasks, fortnightly semin-
ars on student problems enlisting large num-
bers 'of Square undergraduates would be held
-these discussion groups to investigate such
problems as anti-war work, cooperatives, cur-
riculum revision, and labor problems. Re-
commendations to be then submitted to the
A. S. U. for direct action.
Reorganization completed, the eyes of the
Union were turned to National Sharecroppers
'vVeek, March l to 7. The plight of the South-
ern tenant farmer was realistically brought
to light with the presentation by the A. U.,
in an open meeting, of YV. L. Blackstone,
Baptist preacher and Southern Tenant Farm-
ers Union organizer. Mr. Blackstone, whose
ancestors, and he, in early youth, had been
under the yoke of the landlord, related in a
simple, twangy voice the hardships which
America's "white trash" endures every day
'of the year.
"The landlords beat, shoot and break up
our meetings mercilessly," he said, "knowing
that the law would do nothing to hinder
them. Often a man leaves in the morning to
go to the picket line, and he is never heard
The A. S. U. noted its material support
to the organizing forces in the South which
are trying to alleviate the burden of "white
trash" and lift them to the status of human
The highlight of activities for the year
culminated in the American Student Union's
joining hands with the Anti-XVar Committee
to stage the largest and most successful anti-
war strike to-date, on April 22.
Throughout the nation students on every
campus left classes to wage a one hour pro-
test against war, and in Washington Square
College more than 2,000 used this method
to demonstrate their aversion to lighting the
arguments of vested interests.
XVith this, the climax had been reached,
and the A. S. U. settled down to fortnightly
seminars and student problems on the cam-
pus!biding its time till the next school year.
In every aspect of student life that affects
more than a small minority at XVashington
Square College, fraternities have lost their sig-
nificance. Socially, they are meaningless, the
great mass of students hardly know they exist.
Politically, they are powerless, where in the
past, fraternities were synonomous with polit-
ical machines, today, political machines rightly
consider fraternities as impotent small fry.
Up at the Heights and over at Commerce.
fraternities are still the 1I10st powerful single
group on the campus, but as an institution at
the Square, they are, to all intents and pur-
poses, dead. They no longer have anything to
offer the student body, either politically, soci-
ally, or culturally.
This hasn't always been so. From the early
twenties through the Hrst few years of the de-
The End of an Era
pression, fraternities were really in the saddle.
The height of your social or political success
was pretty well measured by the fraternity you
belonged to, and you belonged-or else.
Most of the boys lived at home, but they
aped the traditional standards as much as pos-
sible. The sky-high prices on nearby real
estate made it next to impossible for them to
own their own houses, but they compromised
on Village apartments, and began to play their
grand game of make-believe. They dreamed
their collegiate dream witl1 the materials at
hand, and they were satisfied, because its nov-
elty represented escape from the family life
with which they were satiated.
It was fun while it lasted. The brothers
had money, and they were willing to spend it
if they could get some "real college life." XVith
a fraternity house at their disposal, they could
throw parties, run crap games, or stay up all
night cramming for exams'-and mother would
never know. They could, in short, go rah-rah
in the big city, and they did.
They went in for such things as raiding
each other's houses for furniture that had been
lost in a crap game tl1e night before, for tear-
ing about the Village on all night parties. And
the legends they made were held out to gaping
pledgees as previews of the Promised Land.
Not that they were entirely devoted to the
rah-rah. They were a living force at the
Square, and made themselve felt in every
phase of college life. Some of the schools most
brilliant students were fraternity boys, and the
brothers who consistently made good on pub-
lications, flooded the honor societies, and be-
came the school's political bosses, were almost
always personalities in their own right. In
looking back, it seems unfair to take anything
away from them merely because their fratern-
ity brothers were able to shove them into
The big fraternities could hand-pick their
members, with the members paying on the line
for the privilege. Money was a vital necessity,
for the fraternity house depended upon itg
but there was plenty of it around, and if I1
talented boy with nice prospects didnlt have
the wherewithal, the boys rarely let that stand
in his way. Aesthetes cou1dn't make an issue
of hard cash, and what was more to the point,
they could well afford to shrug it off.
But when the depression came, the boys
were caught short. Fraternity houses were dis-
tinctly in the luxury class, but they didn't get
the axe as quickly as might have been expect-
ed. The brothers recognized them rightly as
the one thing that held the whole structure
together, and they tightened their belts as they
reconciled themselves to two meals a day.
Two meals a day would have been en-
durable if it paid the rent, but, somehow, it
didn't, and the boys did the only possible
thing: they started to break their leases and
move to smaller quarters. From four and Hve
room apartments, they went into one room
basement flats. The lean years had really ar-
rived, and it wasn't funny to boys who had
been able to regard money as vulgar.
But, they, at least, had something to re-
member. They could laugh off their decline
with a copious supply of stories about "the
good old days." Not so the newer members.
Basement flats and two meals a day were all
right for a week or so, but not as a steady diet.
Sure, the 'old days were fun, but llzcy didn't
remember the old days. They didn't see the
logic that lay behind renting a damp room so
that a few upperclassmen could tell them ro-
mantic stories about people they had never
known, when they couldn't afford to pay for
the room, anyway. But, because the stories
were romantic, they kept renting the damp
rooms, stealthily locating themselves in new
ones when irate landlords put them out in the
One by one, though, the brothers who ac-
tually remembered the old days passed out of
the picture, and the fraternity boys who re-
mained were left holding a bag of memories
that weren't even theirs. Most of them got very
practical, and went back to three meals a day.
The present status of fraternities at the
Square is accepted without much argument by
most of the brothers. They've just about giv-
en up the candle, and they aren't particularly
sorry, for the candle is pretty well burnt out.
Alpha Gamma, once the political terror of the
school, came out of retirement during the
Spring election in 1936 to back one of their
boys in the presidential campaign, but, to the
ears of 1936 YV.S.C. electorate, the name Alpha
Gamma had a remarkably unfamiliar sound,
and the fraternity took what might be termed
a thorough beating.
Alpha Lambda Phi, founded by Dean
Munn in 1921 and probable possessor of the
most respected record of any of the Square fra-
ternities, recognized the inevitable after sev-
eral costly revivals, and is quietly fading out
with the class of 1937.
True, there still exists an Interfraternity
Council, but its main function in recent years
has been the organization of an annual basket-
ball tournament for those fraternities that can
still boast of hve members.
To ALBUM, it seems regrettable that fra-
ternities, once the school's proudest institution,
should have to endure the humiliation of a
long decline that is leading to inevitable ex-
tinction. Personally, we believe in mercy kill-
H ,r 'x
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Although the '29 depression dealt frater-
nities their death blow at the Square, it sur-
prisingly enough left unmolested their sister
organizations. Square Sororities have in some
inexplicable manner continued their existence,
and in some cases have even expanded the lim-
ited circle of their activities.
Founded in 1900, by a select group of
women who believed that XVashington Square
College required a social organization for co-
eds, they have grown from one small sorority
to fifteen chapters, the majority of which are
affiliated with some national group. Playing
their rather drab and negligible role on the
Square campus, it is surprising that these or-
ganizations have matured and still are of
great interest to a large group of coeds.
XVithout houses that they can call their
own, excepting such favorite sorority "hang-
outs" as Harlin's Apothecar y, the study
room of the Commons and the N.Y.U. Soda
Shoppe, their only attraction is perhaps their
exclusiveness. Gathered in small groups about
their favorite tables in these "eating" estab-
lishments, the sorority cliques discuss last
night's dates, tom'orrow's dates and the com-
ing rush week.
Sorority contacts with the college are com-
paratively few. It is only when rush week
makes its appearance towards the middle of
the semester that the sisters emerge from their
exclusive shells to give a series of parties,
luncheon dates and pep talks in honor of
prospective candidates. Attempting to con-
vince the freslnnen that they cannot exist in
the Square social swim unless they become
members of a sorority, the sudden flood of
open house invitations serve only to bewilder
an already puzzled group of yearling women.
During these four hectic weeks of rush-
ing, in comparison to which all other activity
at the Square becomes tame and insignihcant,
the Pan-Hellenic Congress regulates rushing
rules and sees that sororities conform to those
ethical codes which have been established dur-
ing the past years. Competition among the
groups is keen and the desirable freshmen,
"good sorority material," are relentlessly pur-
sued by newly acquired friends intent upon ex-
tolling the virtues of their respective sororities.
The week ol' silence which coeds must ob-
serve following the rushing season culminates
in "bid day" when preferences are submitted
to Dean Arnold. And if the coed is fortunate
enough to have her choice correspond with the
choice of the sorority, she becomes a duly
recognized pledgee ol' the 'Ainner circle."
Hibernating through the winter months,
with an occasional formal disturbing their
placid existence, the sorority cliques bloom in--
to prominence again with the spring flowers
and the April elections. Anxious to place
their candidates in oflice, political groups at
the Square usually compromise with various
sororities offering in return lor their support,
a minor political position on their ticket to
some member ol the sorority clique.
The rivalry between sororities for these
minor spots in student government is intense
and each group attempts to place as many ol'
its members in office as possible. Although
the sorority members are a small minority at
the Square, their political importance resides
in the fact that they control the votes of the
only 'organized group ol women at XV.S.C.
Fundamentally social organizations, a
number of sororities in recent years have how-
ever, attempted to go beyond this basic func-
tion. They have entered such activities as
charitable undertakings, cultural projects and
some even provide scholarships for deserving
The Inner Circle
Beta Phi Alpha
Vice Prcsizlmzl .
Historia II . .
. . . . KAY FLERI
. . DORIS BRYAN
. MARGARB1' NIULLIGAN
. ELICNORE B. SHORR
. Bl.-XRION SCI-IXVARZ
Mary Alconibrack . . . Virginia Ames . . . Dot Balderson . . . Mar-
garet Blois . . . Doris Bryan . . . Elenore Bschorr . . . Lucille Chap-
man . . . Kay Fleri . . . Laurctle Hess . . . Eleanor Johnson . . .
-Ianel Kennedy . . . Irma Lombcrg .... Mice McCann . . . Helen
3IcGann . . . Margaret Mulligan . . . Marie Nanck . . . Evelyn
Pasini . . . Florence Peck . . . Marion Schwarz . . . Dorothy Seubert .
Pi Alpha Tau
Grand Cozlnril RE1?!46S6IIlllfl'T'6
Eileen Batterman . . . Jeanne Benjamin . . . Rosetta Berlin . .
Sylvia Boinstein . . . Florence Bram . . . Marjorie Cohen . . . Janet
Gersten . . . Sylvia Greenstein . . . Rose Igstadter . . . Victory Kauf-
nran . . . Frances Lindenbaum . , . Rose Litt . . . Helen Permut
. . Jeanette Ratinet . . . Frances Reich . . . May Rose . . . Grace
Rosenberg . . . Beatrice Sachs . . . Elaine Seed . . . Selma Tranner . .
Phi Umega Pi
. ADELINE RUSSELL
. ANNA BOLLAND
june Bird . . . Anna Bolland . . . Bess Byrne . . . Maglona Carnegie
. . Elizabeth Casey '... Marjorie Clare . . . Marion Clayton . .
Dorothy Frahm . . . Lydia Giglio . . . Louise Gunther . . . Vera
Hamerle . . . Virginia Harris . . . Lois Holm . . . Clara jackowski
. . . Margaret Korn . . . Emma Moellei '... Hazel Peterson . .
Audrey Petrick . . . Bernice Quinn . . . Dorothy Quinn . . . Annette
Roetting ...r 5 Xdeline Russell . . . Marion Hlagner . .
Iota Alpha Pi
Trezzsurer . . .
Viola Albert . . . Phoebe Astor . . . Elayne Berk . . . Patte Bogan
. . . Evelyn Brenner . . . Alice Carthage . . . Bebe Dienner . .
Edith Fox . . . Helen Fuchs ...l X rlene Goldstein . . . Adele Hart-
man . . . Dorothy Rirseh . . . Alberta Miller . . . Anita Morgenstern
. . . Evelyn Rothman . . . Estelle Siker . . . Ruth Spurn . . . Pearl
Tannenbauni . . . Evelyn Tobaschnick . . . Estelle XVeisen . .
Anita Mfeiss . . . Beatrice Wfeissman . . . Beverly Zihirsky' . .
. iXNIl'A NIORGENSTEIN
. BLATRICE DIl'lNNliR
. D0RorHY HIRSH
. EVLLYN ROTHMAN
XHHCIKC Belnlelcl . Roselyn BCTIISIGIII Sllnlu Caesal
Shnley F6111 Ins Fine . . . Blanche Fuednlan Leclle HlCSlgCT
X R Hnsh Elaine Horwitz . . H01 tense Huebsh Helen
Llebennan X131 ge Loth ...A X nita bIlLl1Cl50I1 Clane M1511
ln Ruth Plus . . . Charlotte Rossby Nlurlel ROIhSlClH
Dolothx Snnlh . . Muriel Zinavox
Lambda Gamma P111
C'l1a11L'ell0r . LAURA HAIMQRN
Vive Clmncellor . SARA LIAMMER
Secretary . LEAH Lukn
Treasurer . . ETHEL ROSENISIZRF
Ruth Altschul . . . Beatrice Cohan . . . Ida Driuel . . . Nettie
Freedman . . . Miriam Greenberg . . . Laura Halpern . . . Sara
Hannnei '... Anne Loseallo . . . Claire Lonclon . . . Leah Lurie
. . . Edith Resnicow . . . Ethel Rosenberg . . . Eleanor Rosenfeld
. . . Nathalie Seid . . . Marie Trapani . . . Jean Hleinstein . .
Louise VVolman . . .
Phi Sigma Sigma
Arrlzon . . . . AILIQYNIQ SUNSHINE
Vive f'1n'l1or1 . lXIII.DRlilJ ll0SliNl5LUBI
Reforzlfng Secrelnry . . I,oRRAINE XVEISS
COI'J't'?.YlIIOI1I1f71g Secrelnry . . EVHEL SIMON
Tremzmfr . . , . Es'ru1,Lu JOACHIM
Rush Clmirmrm NIIRIAM XVEISS
Rhoda .-Xrons . . . Naomi Basel . . . Doris Carlin . . . Gertrude
Eekstein . . . Evelyn Elkin . . . Ruth Fisher . . . Sylvia Gins . . .
Estelle -Ioaeliim . . . Gertrude Klepper . . . Marjorie Lubince . .
Ruth Mann . . . Helene Rosenberg . . . Mildred Rosenblum . .
Riyfiillll Rosenstein . . . Ruth Shapiro . . . Libby Silbernian . . .
Ethel Sinron . . . Alleyne Sunshine . . . Blanche Thallei '... Selma
YVeidhorn . . . Lorraine Vleiss . . . Miriam YVeiss . . . Judith
Shlelstein . .
Charter Members of the New York University
Pan-Hellenic Congress, 1920
Alpl1a Epsilo11 Pl1i
Delta Pl1i Epsilo11
Beta Phi Epsilo11
foriginally Epsilon Sigmaj
Iota Alpha Pi
Alpl1a OI111Cfl'iJl1 Pi
Qoriginally Lftllllbflll Phij
Pi Alpha Tau
Phi Sigma Sigma
foriginally Psi Xi Omegaj
Phi Omega Pi
Qoriginally Sigma Sigma Omicronj
Sigma Tan Delta
l.an1hcla Gamma Phi
Members Under the Constitution of 1926
Adfrzilled Zllay 1926
Phi Chi Theta
Arlnzilfed Ocfolmr 1932
Pl1i Tau Alpha
Azlmiffed May 1936
Officers of the Pan-Hellenic Congress 1936-1937
Pl'6SiClCl1I-rixlllllil Epsilon Pl1i .........1, . ,,.i.,1.i,,. Elai11e Horwitz
X'ice-P1'eside11t-Delta Pl1i Epsilon ,,... Pearl Jacobs
Seciretary-Beta Pl1i Alpha .... ,...., X 'irginia Ames
Treasurer-Iota Alpha Pi .... ..... . Anita lx'10I'gCl1SfC1'Il
1 - '14
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Fall Frolic Chairmen Arthur Herman and llarolrl Rosen, with thci
ProliHc Bulletin editorials swayed an undecided Student
Council in the early days of November to propose the sub-
stitution of an all-University formal for the usually drab
W'.S.C. Fall Frolic. With only the Heights refusing to par-
ticipate in the Thanksgiving Eve Ball, the committee obu
tained the Grand Ballroom of the Waltlorf-Astoria and
engaged the orchestras of Will Osborne and Bunny Berrigan.
One thousand couples, celebrating an unexpected victory
over the eleven uiron menn of Fordham, attended the ball.
A highly successful venture, financially and
All-U formal set a ' '
precedent for similar affairs in the future.
Playho ith A System
ars of consistent ex-
leaves most vollege
nothing but u hang-
playlmy, though, was
During his four year
frolic llilly Rosenberg never for-
got that ll
ably comes with every gradua-
tion. Prom chairmanships, top-
hat and tails, frolics anrl froliek-
ing are not usually associated
with the Day Org Comptroller-
ship and the Sigma key. Hilly
Rosenberg had them all.
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In Between Dances
Sylvia Marks played big blonde burlesque types in three Varsity
Shows. Anrl she played thenl too well. Wllell Eclectic elections eanle
in the Spring of '36, certain people forgot that the swaying hips, the
off-color jokes that had audiences howling were lll0I't'ly part of her act.
They forgot her hours of work on Bulletin, Varieties, the D.S., her
winning the Sussman Memorial Medal for being the most valuable
member of her Sophomore elassg her untiring entertainment efforts at
class socials. They also forgot her 93 average.
An All U Varsity Show
An all-university affair for the first tilne, the
annual pot pouri of gags, music, and dancing-
solne good, some had-took place at the Man-
hattan Opera House, ran for two nights, April
29, 30. Whipping the odd assortment of lna-
terial and people into a linished show is a nerve
racking task. It requires months of 4'hlue-pen-
cilingf' refusing or rewriting offers of would-he-
funny script writers, weeks of driving chorus
memhcrs into some sort of unityg wholesale last
Jesse Kimmelg he produced thx- show.
Co-eds needed more than 10 easy lessons.
Out of the Months of Varsity Show People .
Dancers always tried to be different
n ,, A Kham, fY'f?'kw
WH '-ww. 6 -f
,YEIUV ' Lb'
T H yf 1,
Arthur R1-iser answers the av-
vcpted description of what ai
good nexsspaperman should he.
Objective and efficient he gave
to the columns of the Bulletin,
balance and common sense, gain-
ing for thc paper the respect of
the sturlx-nt body. Never flashy,
never sensational, the Bulletin,
during the Reiser regime, both
formed and mirrored student
opinion. Punster, fire-engine
chaser, cryptogram addict, he
centered his activity on these and
the Bulleling did a fine job on
Jerome Brooks: ho edited this book.
. . C. Bulletin
lt was with a sense ol' proprietv and in-
itiative that journalism at XVashington Square
College entered in September. l9f5fi. a period
ol' activitv somewhat steadier and quieter than
the hectic crusading of the '35-'36 Bzzllrlin
editorial board. And, in its new tendencies, it
swept from leftist leanings to a liberal consis-
tencv in ailairs which con-
cerned the student bodv: lore-
going attempts to change a
social svstem through its edi-
torial columns, sponsoring
several noteworthv achieve-
ments, whimsicallv advising
freshmen to "lie Kind to Up-
perclassmen" and, following
the Ohio State game, asking
the football team to remem-
ber that three years ol' defeats.
not victories, put little Hobart
College on the publicitv map.
lVith the initial copv ol'
the Bzzllclin, issued on Sep-
tember 23, the paper scored a
victorv over competitive sheets
when it scooped the Univer-
sity on the stand taken bv the
Athletic Control Board over
the question ol' student repre-
sentation. Following a bitter
battle waged bv all the down-
town papers in the previous
vear, which had culminated
Caught in a quiet bit of copy
reading is Editor Arthur Rei-
ser. While below Arnold B.
Horwitt, Managing Editor,
1936 semester invited two students to sit in on
meetings. This partial concession was de-
scribed hv l'rol'essor Philip O. Badger, chair-
man of the BAL., as "an attempt to advance
the student. viewpoint."
Hailed bv observers as an attempt bv the
Board ol Athletic Control to throw the pro-
verbial "red herring" to dis-
contented sources. the Bulle-
lin, commenting editoriallv,
asserted that allowing two
representatives of the student
bodv to meet with lacultv
members ol' the Board was a
highlv generous gesture. "Un-
l'ortunat,elv," the editorial
continued, "they will not
be given a vote on that
august bodv, but it is not
lor us punv mortals to ques-
tion the will ol' the gods.
XVe congratulate the Board of
Athletic Control on officially
recognizing the existence of a
student bodv, and look for-
Q ward to the dav when its right
l to regulate its own sports will
' be granted." Characteristical-
lv enough, however, th e
li. A. C. complacently disre-
garded student sentiment and
i the representatives onlv func-
tion throughout the year was
to attend athletic contests, sit-
ting in choice seats provided
in an open boycott ol' N.Y.U.
basketball games at Madison
Square Garden, the A. A.
Board at its hrst session of the
dozes oil' while poring over
Il fighting Bulletin editorial.
The students in the hack-
ground are alert reporters,
waiting for assignments.
through the courtesy of the
It was four issues later
that the Bullfffizz came out in
GABE GOLDSTEIN EDYTHE FEINBERG LEONARD FISCHMAN
llc held Bulletin purse strings She was outnumbered, 4-1 llc chuckled, wrote, chuckled
favor of the proposal to substitute an all-
University formal for the antiquated
lV.S.C. Fall Frofic and other similar
formals held by the individual colleges
of the University. XVhat was later to be
hailed as the greatest social success of
the season was bitterly opposed for a
time at student council meetings "by a
few opposition members whose objec-
tions were apparently grounded in
apathy rather than logic."
The opposition melted in face of
popular endorsement by the student
body and plans were formulated to hire
the grand Ballroom of the lValdorf-
Astoria and engage a "name" band. Offi-
cial approval and recognition of the All-
U formal was given by the Student
Council of the School of Commerce in
full cognizanre of the financial responsi-
bility which Commerce would have to
share with other participating schools in
the event of a deficit. All the other
schools of the University, excepting the
Heights College, expressed a complete
willingness to cooperate, subject to no
In an editorial titled "The Prospect
Pleasesf' the Iizzflelin asserted:
"The appeal which an all-University
formal has for the students of N.Y.U.
seems rather obvious and hardly needs
any detailed analysis. The advantages of
such a large scale financial and social
venture are manifested in such features
as a beautiful ballroom in a renowned
hotel, a nationally famous orchestra, an
opportunity to mingle with brother stu-
dents from far-flung halls of the Univer-
sity, and. above all, an occasion to share
in that prestige which is peculiar to no
single college of N.Y.U. but only to New
Establishing a precedent for future
affairs, the All-U formal's overwhelming
success was acclaimed by the undergrad-
uate newspapers. Following the unex-
pected defeat of Fordham, the celebra-
tion at the XValdorf-Astoria on Thanks-
giving Night, was crowded with cele-
ln the interim, while the fight waged
in the student council over the proposed
all-University formal and while groups
throughout the country were feeling the
pulse of the nation preparing for the
election day "I told you so," the Bulletin
conducted its own straw poll at XVash-
'fhe ALBUM was unable to
discover what practically ev-
erybody shown above was so
happy about. ln jovial con-
trast to the sober Managing
Board shots Csee preceding
pagej is this cross-section of
the Associate Board, at work
and at play. Assignment Ed-
itor, Van Livadas Ctop left,
seems inordinately pleased
with his handiwork, as does
Leon Rogow flower rightj
giving us a reflective profile
view. The other four gentle-
men are probably swapping
ington Square College. The resulting
figures gave Roosevelt 391 votes, two
hundred more than that polled by Earl
Browder, his leading rival. 'AAlf" Landon
netted 56 votes, confirming the suspi-
cions of a Bzzflelirz reporter who con-
ducted a ntan-in-the-street interview pre-
vious to the poll to discover whether the
Republican existed at the Square. Nor-
man Thomas, Socialist, trailed the pro-
cession with a meagre 43 votes.
Probably one of the ntost progres-
sive achieveinents of the Bllff6fZ'll
throughout the year was its support of
the noteworthy effort to establish a co-
operative bookstore at New York Uni-
versity. Following the arrest in February
of four students charged with selling
second-hand books on the University
sidewalks without a license. a student
ctonnnittee was formed to investigate the
existing friction between the New York
University Book store and the "profes-
sionalu student booksellers.
Connnenting on the situation the
"Although we find scant basis upon
which to sympathize with the student
book speculator, we nevertheless recog-
nize hint as a prominent aspect of an
institution which is undeniably a student
"The very existence of the 'curb ex-
change' at the Square constitutes a re-
Hection upon some weakness inherent in
the 'used book' policy ol the Bookstore
which renders that establishment less at-
tractive to student patronage than its
pavement pounding competitors."
Suggesting that the Bookstore does
not enjoy the student's confidence and
pointing out that service charges on used
books were unpopular and lower prices
on the "curb" attracted buyers. the edi-
torial asked lor the establislnnent ol a
cooperative used-book inarket under the
joint supervision of the Bookstore inan-
agenient and the Student Council ol
Xllashington Square College. The co-
operative, which was to be student
owned and operated on a non-proht pay-
ing basis, was to become a fact -Iuly l,
1937, the beginning of the Bookstores
fiscal year, following approval by the
student councils ol the Schools of Coni-
meree, Education, Law, and Xllashington
These were the main issues pro-
pounded in the columns of the Bulletin
through the year. But ahnost hidden
by the black headlines ol' the colunin-
live stories was the everyday current of
publicity, leature, and general news arti-
cles, vital necessities to the life ol' a col-
lege newspaper. lVith reportorial staff
ol approximately forty 'inews-hounds"
sifting in and Ollt ol the two room olhce
on the third lloor South, the Bullelin
was able to cover inost ol' the important
club events, socials and lectures.
Publicity, class, social and club in-
terests hounded editors and reporters
continually. Using extremes in attempts
to continue a steady llow ol' printed inat-
ter on class proins and socials, harassed
reporters exploited topics varying lroni
straight news about pronis, to stories
headlined "Senior Ballers Certain to
Make Eskiinos' Blood Boil?A-'Tis Said."
An ingenious All-University lornial pub-
licity manager, Arthur Goldberg, de-
cided to confer MA. degrees QMaster of
Arnuseinentsj on celebrities attending
the allair. The story was good for two
plugs: one, announcing the plan, the
other, executive-chairman Arthur Her-
ARTHUR KAPPLOW BERNIE GERSTNER HARRY SWIRSKY
Above are the three artists who regularly
illuminated the sports page of the Bulletirfs
rugged prose. The be-halted youth is struggling
to find several new adjectives with which to
baffle his readers. At his left the two writers
ogle the co-ed reporter in the Bulletin office.
The more leeherous of the two is Arthur Kan-
plow, who seems here to he enjoying his work.
1IlHIl'S reply to would-be critics. The latter story, a typi-
cal publicity blurb, read in part:
" 'Certain vulgar spiritsf and here Mr. Herman's
eyes flashed indignantly, 'certain low palookas have
spread the rumor that we are trying to get these distin-
guished figures in order to nab ourselves some free enter-
tainment. Nothing could be farther from the truth!
We look upon the people we have chosen as outstanding
representatives of the entertainment world, and seek to
express as well as we can, the respect that students feel
for their workf "
Club publicity, which was a more legitimate type of
news, did not entail the nerve wrecking activity of the
social story. The stories appearing under the small heads
reading "Christian Association Plans to Hold Social To-
morrow" and "Lecture Tea by Book Clubn were cov-
ered by reporters on their routine beats.
A third type of' publicity was the continual effort
made by school magazines to fill the liirllciin columns
with advance notices of publication, deadline dates for
material and general paeans of praise on the contents
of their particular mag. These stories were usually done
by members of the publications stall.
Serious, silly, humorous, the editorial and news col-
umns of the Bzfllclin covered a lot of ground. ln mid-
semester it fought the McNaboe bill, which provided for
an investigation of communism in American schools and
colleges: in the latter part of October it asked for an in-
vestigation of labor conditions at New York University,
following the picketing of XVashington Square College by
the Painters' Union who demanded a closed shop, in
February and in the early spring the columns were filled
with Sophomore, junior and Senior prom publicity.
But in all its moods, it was most fascinating in its
editorial whimsicality. An editorial on advice to fresh-
men was refreshingly enough labelled "Be Kind to Up-
perclassmenn and said:
"The Square freshmen, unharried by Sophomore
SOB SISTERS: In a Bulletin office famed for its virile men,
the annual intrusion of the freshman sob sister at the begin-
ning of the year is viewed not with alarm but with joy. Most
of the girls, however, never stand the gaffg a few remain to
become efficient reporters. They cover routine club affairs,
attend socials with Bulletin editors and are generally handy
at a typewriter. The co-ed usually does her best work on the
business staff where there is always a constant demand for
persons who can add and subtract correctly.
tyrannies, identifying caps, or traditional discomforts,
had been a more assertive soul than the yearlings at other
colleges. Perhaps that is why there is always a patheti-
cally sardonic note in the voice of old students answering
the questions of straying freshmen. It's the sole privilege
we retain, and one which lasts for less than a few weeks.
XYe think that the only advice which we have lor the
Class ol' '40 is that it be Kind to Upperclassmen. Alter
all, someday you may be one yourself."
Following the ignominious defeat of the Varsity
football eleven at tl1e hands of Ohio State University the
"XVe cannot share these morose sentiments. XVe feel
that there is a nation-wide distinction to be gained from
a 60-0 defeat which no merely capable eleven can achieve.
All over the country there are strong elevens winning
football games - the phenomena is no longer news.
N.Y.U. can learn a lesson front Hobart College, whose
record of three years without a victory made that school
known to the remotest hamlets. To win is merely hu-
man'-to be shellacked, divine.
"Despite the angry snarls coming from the sports
desk, we wish to assure Coach Stevens and the football
team that we are behind them every inch of the way.
lt is a subtle sort. of fame that these boys are bringing
us, but no one who has thrilled at the accounts of the
track practice Ohio State enjoyed will deny its worth.
XVe all remember the lesson ol' heroic little Hobart and
appreciate the eleven's efforts to rival that school's ex-
ploits. The Ohio State game is merely the first step
along that iong and glorious road."
In the news columns whimsicality also played its
part. The passing ol' the old Commons was duly lamented
and the new Commons reverentially hailed. Song con-
tests received due publicity and a spelling bee between
N.Y.U. males and Hunter College women, broadcast on
a national hook-up over XVEAF, was carried for three
Throughout the year the Bulletin attempted to
maintain a liberal, non-partisan attitude towards news
events and in its editorial columns gave to Square stu-
dents an opinion uniniluenced for the most part by per-
sonal animosity. Its appcal was general and its circula-
tion. unaffected by bi-weekly erusades, led the steady,
normal life of a college newspaper.
B zrsimfss fl rl 1'l..S'f?I'
ASSO CIA TE HOA KD
Sidney L. Botvinik
Fen lu res
Bella Shapiro Phil Shaps
Teaubulla Brewer Sylvia Baron
Bert Bassuk Melisande Polon
Shirley Becker Sylvia Ginsberg
Burten Berman Arthur Kahn
Saul Halfond Gene Spagnoli
Herbert Fishbein Mirian Gruben
Edna Miller Theodore Abrams
Lenore Bloom Dorothy Chess
Alack Cottin Shirley Gurensen
Ruth YVolf Joseph Rechtschallen
David Kaplowitz Lillian Bachrach
Ruth Fredericks Naomi Slutzky
Above, hundreds of faces swim before the edilor's
eyesg below, Jerry Brooks ami Milton Fried hold
a conference for spellbound Kenneth Gang.
Standard of every ALBUM has al-
ways been that "this ALBUM is going to be
different." Not wishing to disturb an old
Square tradition, the l937 ALBUM makes
itself no exception, and pointing to its almost
complete lack of group pictures, stubbornly
declares that this ALBUM is different.
The usual procedure in year-book-making
is fairly simple and still widely accepted. The
editors list every club, committee and society
in school, and have them photographed as
they sit on neatly arranged chairs trying their
best to look pretty. These group shots are
deftly distributed throughout the book, one
to a page, each running over or under sev-
eral hundred words of prose that is stimulat-
The 1937 Album
ing only to the people in the picture. Add to
this sixty or seventy pages ol senior pictures,
and the editors of this typical yearbook start
oft with a literary Frankenstein on their
hands: several hundred stereotyped pages that
are at best a poor imitation ol a telephone
Xthat the editors do from there on de-
pends on the size of their book and the
amount of money they have to play around
For the last few years, though. ALBUM
editors have been bothered by no such prob-
lems as what to do with ALBUM after pay-
ing the usual amenities to recognized organ-
izations and school activities. Held to 272
pages by a rather limited budget, ALBUM
editors have had little choice, have tried to
make the best of a bad situation by tossing in
a few trick pages and including enough divi-
sions to make up a theme for the book.
'1'hough its themes have varied, ALBUM,
staying within the accepted bounds, has in-
evitably remained the same: making no pre-
tentions of giving an intimate picture of
Mlashington Square College, it has offered
nothing more than a Senior Section, stereo-
typed write-ups of recognized school activities,
and whatever art Work happened to be avail-
'1'he result has not been surprising. For
the last few years ALBUM, dying a slow
death, has lived only by the grace of the few
hundred seniors willing to put down three-
fifty for the privilege of owning a large book
that contains their picture. To the remain-
ing 3700 or so students that populate lV.S.C.,
ALBUM has meant nothing.
That is why we felt justified in our efforts to make
this ALBUM of genuine interest to every Square student,
whether he participated in extra-curricular activities or
not. There were countless phases of Square life that had
never been covered at all: stories, long unwritten, that
begged for coverageg the park, the cafeteria, all the places
and institutions that go to make up the big city campus
that every Square student knows for four years.
Our main problem was one of space. Certain formal--
ities had to be preserved. lVe couldn't cut out senior pic-
tures, and we didn't have the heart to eliminate the honor
societies, but we regarded nothing else as sacredg carefully
measured our remaining pages from the viewpoint of the
student body as a whole.
The 1937 ALBUM is, in short, our effort to show you
Little magic is involved in the making of a yearbook.
It takes people and it takes time, and ALBUM herein
presents some of the many people who took the time:
SF if :Xi SF
Breezing in slightly punch-drunk from too many night
shifts on Bulletin, Larry Xtleinstein brought two things to
ALBUM: a hangover, plus an ability to turn out an amaz-
ing amount -of copy in an amazingly brief time. The two
were an interesting combination. The hangover by itself
would have been cute, but not funny over any period of
time. His ability to shake it off and tear through story
after story was a constant source of pure joy to an ALBUM
that always stood in desperate need of boys who could
write an intelligible English sentence.
Wlorking quietly, never complaining at spot assign-
ments or the frequent necessity of staying down at school
overnight to clean up this or that particular job, he made
himself felt in every phase of ALBUMS production. His
occasional punchiness was understandable, for with all his
labors -on ALBUM he never stopped grinding out work
for the Iiullelin. Always he remained a credit to both.
Sk 3? 9? fl?
Of all the detail work that goes into the making of a
yearbook, the compiling of a Senior Section is one of those
things that gets no attention at all when everything in it
is in its proper place, yet it can practically bring down the
Top to bottom: Mallet Fowler, Rewrite Editorg Sidney L. Bot-
vonik, Circulation Managerg Leon Simon, Bouncerg Edward
Bassuk, Production Associate.
building when a picture happens to be misplaced, or a
name misspelled. Because Senior pictures aeeount for al-
most one-third ol ALBUMS budget, ALBUM habitually
looks at the sixty or seventy pages they fill as a necessary
evil: hopes and prays that someone will turn up with
enough patience to plod through the hundreds ol pictures
the studio takes. check them carefully against names and
To say that Ray Stolfman didn't know what he was
getting into when he accepted the Senior Section assign-
ment is taking nothing away lrom Ray Stollinang the boys
spotted him a mile away and got him in a corner before
he had a chance. Reconciling himsell' to the worst. he
hit his lip and went on to give up one ol the best years ol'
his lile to working on pictures ol' people who scarcely
knew he existed.
That the ALBUM olliee worked at all was due to the
merciless drive. the peculiar type ol' insanity possessed by
Jerry M'oll'e. ALBUM had seen screwy photographers in
its time, but never one who allected a complete stall. Be-
tween taking pictures and playing practical jokes, he lound
time to wave a big whip over the heads of a terrilied stall.
By some peculiar quirk ol personality he was unable to
watch anyone doing nothing, and ahnost single handed he
ended an old ALBUM tradition ol' idling until April. of
turning out a complete book during linal exams.
In taking pictures he was always ellicient. always
polite, and always hilariously happy when he caught a dig-
nified subject in an undignilied pose. A slave driver with
others, he was unsparing ol himsell. He thought nothing
ol' putting in twelve hour days: finished taking his pictures,
he made it his business to stick with them until they ap-
peared in print: he was interested in everything that went
into the making ol' ALBUM.
His practical jokes made him the terror ol third lloor
South. and he was justly lanied lor his trick of placing year
old issues ol' the lfllllffflill on the Bullrflin table in the main
building. Annoyed Bzzllvtfzz men ahnost went him one
better when they depantsed him and lelt hini stranded in
the ALBUM oflice. But XVolle remained irrepressible. for
which ALBUM thanks him.
Top to bottom: Larry W'cinstein, Copy Erlitorg Raymond Stolz-
man, Senior Section Editorg Erlythe Feinberg, Advertisingg
Jerome Wolf, Photography.
lt would be impossible to devote enough space to an
exact, detailed description of just how Sidney L. Botvinick
affected the ALBUM office. Front the moment he walked
in the office, the seriousness with which he took his work
was a constant source of annoyance to an ALBUM staff
that fought desperately to retain its sense of humor.
Fully conscious of the essential importance of his job
as Circulation Manager, Sidney L. saw to it that the entire
staff was similarly appreciative. And though they olten
expressed their appreciation in four letter words, Sidney L.
remained unabashedg went on to boost ALBUM sales to an
unprecedented high. For which ALBUM takes an almost
sadistic pleasure in thanking him.
ALBUM has drawn its share of people who were un-
ceasing in their offers of helpg has drawn. too, its share
of brilliant students. In Manet Fowler it found a girl who
combined both qualitiesg smilingly accepted every tough
rewrite assignment that gathered dust in the editorial
desk. She was consistently able to take a mass ol lacts. and
put them into readable English.
Drawing from a rich backgroundfher mother. founder
and leader of a cultural group interested primarily in folk-
music, Manet proved that culture could be synonymous
with hard work, that hard work could be softened bv a rich
sense of humor. For which ALBUM is properly thankful.
Every fall at least one smooth-cheeked freshman timid-
ly enters the ALBUM office, meekly asks whether he can
work on the book. This year il was Kenneth Gang. And
what a cynical bunch of Seniors did to him was a pity.
From a boy who said "thank youl' every time he was given
fifty words to type, he changed into a caustic individual of
varied moods. For the sake of future ALBUMS this
ALBUM is sorry, but ALBUM proudly points to the new
Gang as perhaps its greatest gift to the Freshman Class:
believes that some day Gang will thank ALBUM.
ill: HX: ik 96
No publication that ever gets as far as first base is
ever able to turn around without feeling grateful to all the
people that cheered it on by a willingness to help around
home plate. Perennially a mad-house, the ALBUM office
Top to bottom: Mayer Franklin, Honor Societicsg Allc-yne Sun-
shine, Co-ed Aetivityg Irwin Brooks, Art Editorg Jean Shotten,
Assistant Circulation Manager.
was always jammed to the ceiling by a large
number of enthusiastic girls, most of whom
were freslnnen. They made themselves help-
ful in every conceivable manner, from do-
ing essential detail work, to remembering
to bring aspirin for boys with a continuous
headache. For sweetness and light, for charm
and for aspirin, ALBUM thanks the girls.
In 1837, when Dagerrine's photographic
process achieved some degree of practicability,
a Well-known, and, at the time, esteemed
French artist, Dauriet, proclaimed the end
of his form of art. He stated that henceforth
there would be no need for sculpture, no ne-
cessity for paintingg that the photographer,
the camera, and light would take the place of
the artist, palette, and brushes.
Dauriet made this statement because at
the time most of the existing art was "record-
ingf' art-it consisted of a straight recap-
turing of the scene with no attempt by the art-
ist of abstraction or interpretation, similar in
many respects to the staid and somber gay-
Candid photography, the crutch of this
ALBUM, marked a dehnite transition in the
recording function of photography. Capturing
the spirit of the moment became the function.
Instead of a full view, hat in hand, serious
face, or staged smile picture, candid photo-
graphy captures the moods of individuals, tries
to record the vast range of human emotions.
It has been able to do this because of the
speed of the cameras, their "obliviousness" to
poor lighting conditions, and their diminu-
tiveness, which allows them to act as a sort of
uninvited spectator to an individuals behav-
Candid photography enabled this AL-
BUM to fulhll part of its function. Hle were
able to eliminate hundreds of group pictures
and replace them by the more interesting in-
formality that results when a picture is taken
on the spur of the moment.
- -ff -
MILTON FRI ED
MAN ET FOXVLER
Co-ed A clivily
JOSEPH DI GEMMA
ELSIE FRU MKIN
SIDNEY L. BOTVONIK
LEON ROGOIY SYLVIA MARKS BERNARD GERSTNER
ARNOLD B. HORXVITT JOSEPH HAUER STANLEY AUGUST
LEONARD BERKOXYITZ JUDITH SHLEFSTEIN MANLEY STOLZMAN
IVILFRED ROGOXY HARRY SXVIRSKY SIDNEY KELLER
KENNETH GANG HAZEL PETERSON SHIRLEY SCHENK
JOAN REICH MELISANDE POLON LUCILLE MILLSTEIN
AARON FINKELSTEIN MELVIN MILLSON
NATHAN KANTOR LAYVRENCE BLAUSTEIN
IRVING KRONGELB TOBY BREYVER MATTHEYV XVALKER
FRANCES LINDENBAU DAVID KLEINER JACK GILVARY
NAOMI SLUTZKY LEONARD FOX ANDREXV CRANS
Although the managing board of l'1tric-
lim was tnanned in 1936-'fi7 by Jerome
Kantor, Seymour Reit, Bob Rosthal, Bob Osk-
ner and Stuart Daniels, no one who watched
the formation, the growth of the publication
will ever associate ivIIl'Iif'ffl'.S' with anyone else
but Fabian Pollachek. Founder of the maga-
zine in his freshman year, Pollachek nurtured
VlIl'f6ff!'.X' along lrom a mimeographed fresh-
man sheet into a widely circulated downtown
htnnor magazine. He voluntarily gave up the
leadership in his senior year to edit The Col-
lege ll'irlozu, a l'ni'icliz's on a larger scale de-
signed for more than N.Y.U. audiences.
There were times when Fabian's brain-
child was ill-treated. It was given almost
every conceivable descriptiongpornographic,
sophomoric, juvenile, moronic, to mention a
lew. But l!H'lI'f1I'S lived, IIlI'II'f1t'?.5' grew, Var-
irflifcv sold, and as it flourished never once did
Fabian raise a serious voice in its defense. He
knew it wasn't high-brow and he made no
pretentious that it was. lhat was its big sel-
The college 21lC it up and kept on eating
it up. Emphasizing cartoons, flashy and often
puzzling covers, "inside" stuff on campus poli-
ticians, "daring" revelations on what went on
during examintions, f'smooth" stories on col-
lege proms, VIH'fI'f1Af'.S' under Pollachek blatant-
ly answered its critics by the mnnber of copies
he sold. Pollachek found the recipe for suc-
cess. for sales, and even when he no longer
.actively participated in the running of the
magazine, the Pollachek formula insured the
continuation of Vziiizflivs. Never claiming
credit for l'ririclir's as a literary masterpiece,
the credit Pollachek deserves is for a big job,
well planned. well executed.
He did Varieties, covers
JERRY KANTOR STUART LESLIE DANIELS
The editor had the last word Varieties' ace prose artist
The '36-,37 managing board of Varieties presented a combination of artistic ability and slap-stick
college humor. Into the production of the downtown center humor mag went the light touch of
staff artists, the discriminating editing of the managing board and the hot, pulsing prose of their
Critical-literary magazines have never
been Hrmly entrenched in XVashington Square
College, they have usually been the product
of a clique, rather than genuine student pub-
lications. Psuedo-Bohemian, esoteric writing
has furnished their dominant themes. Articles
have seldom been both profoundly critical and
of general interest. A
It was with an awareness of this history
that the Square, a critical-literary quarterly.
was evolved by XVilfred Rogow, its first editor.
News stories in the Bullelin told of successive
banishments from the Square of unrequited
love, adolescency, and other traditional col-
legiate literary ills. These announcements
were met with approval, but with a growing
impatience as release of the Hrst issue was con-
tinually postpo-ned. For, despite the editor's
avowed purpose of encouraging creative stu-
dent literary endeavors, contributions of ac-
ceptable merit were slow in coming in. The
editors claimed that they had enough material
for an issue early in the year, but preferred
passing up publication dates to releasing a
The first issue finally appeared early in
February, 1937, after the second semester had
begun. The students and faculty were aston-
ished to End that the Square was all it repre-
sented itself to be. A columnist in the Bulletin
called it tl1e most intelligent publication in
school history, and the student body concurred
in this opinion.
The feature of the first issue was a critical
survey of the School of Education, suggesting
that "Instead of the familiar 'perstare et pra-
estare,' the School of Education should have
on its seal the Latin equivalent of 'We made
the Crap Course into an institutionl' " The
The old c6Critic" was given
a new nameg found a
conclusions of the article were based on such
sound reasoning that some instructors in the
School of Education took it into account in
planning their procedures for the following
term. An article 'on "Varielies and the College
Myth" keenly analyzed the psychology of the
Square student as influenced by his collegiate'
environment. Other articles dealt with the
former undergraduate idol, H. L. Mencken,
and Professor Charles G. Shaw of "YVhistlers
are Morons" fame. The Hve short stories dis-
played a uniformly high literary merit. Read-
ers were astounded by poetry which neither in-
sulted their intelligence nor baffled their un-
Unlike 'other publications in the college,
the Square appealed almost exclusively to the
Hlashington Square College student. This,
together with student memories of previous
disappointments and competition by other
publications, served to limit the circulation.
Despite this, the success of Editor Rogow's ex-
periment in collegiate publications established
the Square as an important institution in the
The W. . . "Review"
Papa Gelfand of the Review.
Born in the mind of a librarian who de-
rives an almost indecent pleasure from seeing
people read books, the Xllashington Square
College lietficzu matured in one year into a
publication that was read in places as lar as
China and Belgium. And it was largely
through the initiative of Morris Celland, li-
brarian-in-charge ol' the Reserve Reading
Room, that the magazine received the impe-
tus necessary for its continued existence.
In the latter part ol' '36, Mr. Gelfand, as
chairman of the Browsing Room Committee,
published a mimeographed volume edition
of his report to the University on the activi-
ties of the student reading rooin, which con-
tained brief reviews of every book in the
collection. Arousing a great deal ol' interest
upon publication, the volume had a large
number of student guest contributors and re-
The success of the small volume induced
him to begin formulating plans for a Brows-
ing Room organ which would appear monthly
and would treat books at greater length. XVith
Leonard Berkowitz appointed editor, Mr.
Gelfand brought his plan to Dean Loomis
for a pat on the back. Commenting on the
idea, Dean Loomis asserted:
'lYou have already proved the soundness
ol' the startling, almost revolutionary, thought
that college students are interested in books.
1 believe that the proposed Review will stim-
ulate further interest and so not only justify
its existence, but contribute significantly to
the central purpose of XYashington Square
College, which is to encourage students to
make of themselves educated men and wom-
It was in September, '37, that the lirst
Review appeared lor lree distribution among
the students. But with the publication of
successive issues it became apparent that it
could not maintain itself on advertising alone
and would have to charge a nominal sum.
Its reception outside the University was
highly successful, libraries, publishers and in-
dividuals sending in requests for the publica-
tion lrom all parts ol' the globe. Rated by
the YV. S. C. Library as one of its best ex-
change items, the Iierwzu received critical ac-
claim lroni publishers and in the columns of
various trade gnagazines.
But one ol' the greatest surprises of the
year was not the sudden popularity of the
Retfiezu but the excellent work done by Len-
ny Berkowitz on the publication. Considered
a student who possessed a great deal of ability,
Lenny had never engaged in one activity long
enough to show his talent. The positive evi-
dence of his ability was, however, present in
the pages ol' the Rettzczt' and in the remarkable
job he accomplished as its editor.
filblllll prvsvnts tlw
Rfwivws. Ui lllfmflllll
That lin- YY 5.11. Rm-imp fiznfherl inlo an Hon IYI'0llliElI'll1'l' during
lhv paw! vnllvga- yr-ar was rim- in llll small Ill1'ilNlll'4' to lhv Ig!'l7il'IlF.S
fIi5l'0Y1'I'f nf joseph Di lL0lIllllll2 ,loam-ph Ui livlllllllllr willingm-as
to work on lhe- Rvrieuu Turning out wuzxl vngrusings uf von-
slzmlfjf improsing 4-xcm-llc-lim-. Di IQPIIIIIILI dc-lighh-el Rvzfimv rvzlfl-
Q-rs, had I:l'l7i1'Nf 1-flilors lll'ZlI'lil'2liif rwcmuilig with joy.
The wood engravings on these two
pages represent several stages in his
development. That Di Gemma is
constantly experimenting, always
seeking to improve his technique,
can be seen by a comparison be-
tween the print on the left, which
was used as a cover for the January
issue of the Review, and "The
Riveter," on the right, which was
done in March, expressly for Al.-
A Junior in N.Y.lf.'s School of Edu-
cation, Mr. Di Gemma, at 27, is well
on his way towards artistic recogni-
tion. A New Yorker by birth, he at-
tended Pratt lnstitute on a scholar-
ship, was accepted by the Nletropoli-
tan Museum of Art at the age of 24,
with 8 prints in the perlnanent col-
lection. The Astor-Lenox Collec-
tion contains 20 Di Gemma prints
in its permanent colleetiong he has
painted lIll1l'Z'llS ill Radio City for
the Italian Government, done por-
traits of such notables as Motor
Vehicle fl0IllllliS5l0ll0l' Ilarnett, and
Anthony Drexel Biddle, Jr., U. S.
Ambassador to Norway.
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Realizing that no game ever saw 60 minutes of continuous
roaring, ALBUM presents two phases of utime out" activity:
above, one of the very many hot dogs of the grid yearg
below, one of the very many bottles educators frowned on.
Above, Ed Williams. Fullback
and line crasher of the team.
He averaged 5 yards each time
his signal was called. Sunday
school teacher. Below, a view
of the Ohio State crowd, show-
ing also the goal posts the Vi-
olets never came near to.
There was no overdisplay 'of exuberence or enthusiasm as
New York Uniyersitys football athletes started the '36 season.
The loss of the Fordham game the year before, spoiling an un-
beaten record and ending Rose Bowl dreams, had brought the
student body to the disquieting conclusion that mediocrity of
opposition had accounted largely for the 1935 team's methodical
slaughter of adversaries. This, plus loss ol the key members of
the previous year's pass crazy eleven, Machlowitz, Siegal, Smith,
the colorful King-Kong Klein, Mandell, and Hardy, as well as
the ominous presence of Ohio State in the foreground of the '36
schedule, combined to make for anything but an attitude of con-
fidence and cockiness.
An early season interview with Coach Mal Stevens, starting
his third season at the helm of the Violets, brought the informa-
"The Violets have not abandoned the de-emphasized foot-
ball policy. Our nine game schedule, the inclusion of two uname"
newcomers, North Carolina and Ohio State, is not significant of
any change. lt is my opinion that our boys are strong enough and
big enough to take care of themselves and i don't think we'll he
hurt by Ohio State. I think we'li still have the best passing al-
tack in the city. Right now my line is green, but it shapes up as
even better than last year's forward wall. My backfield is my
Williams hits the Lafayette line.
lVhatever hopes were harbored by the N.Y.U. rooters were
soon dispelled by an ignominious 60-0 defeat at the hands of
Ohio State in a million dollar horseshoe stadium at Columbus,
in a setback that hinted strongly of an inevitably dismal season.
Ohio State, tutored by Coach Francis "Show Them No
Mercy" Schmidt, had shared the Big Ten conference title with
Minnesota the previous year. Aptly named the "Powerhouse,"
they were listed among the leading claimants for the mythical
XVith seventy-hve thousand spectators on hand, the Violets
presented a patch-quilt eleven with a center, O'Connell, pulling
out from the line to do the punting. In the starting backheld
were Mike Stelmach, whose passing failure, and dubious general-
ship, proved the disappointment of the campaign, at quarter-
back, Big Ed Williams, 6 feet 2 inches of bone-breaking line
crasher at tl1e left half, Harold Shorten, like XYilliams, a sopho-
more, at the other half, and Sal Somma, dependable blocker and
place-kicker, starting his final season as fullback. In the line,
red-headed Stan Sharp held the left end post: Swiaden took over
Klein's place at left tackle, Perry Geffen held down the other
tackle position. Barberi, whom Stevens considered as good as
Fordhanils Franco, at left guard, Morchauscr at right guard, and
Hall at the right flank completed the Violet line-up.
A shaky and intensely nervous Violet aggregation found it-
self a touchdown behind State at the end of the game's first play.
Stelmach, standing on his own 22 after having run the kick-off
back from the 7-yard stripe, threw a soft Hat pass into the hands
Shorten runs back a Georgetown kick.
Above, Howard Dunney. A
third string end with a first
string toe. His 50 yard aver-
age, well-placed coffin kicks
earned him the Madow Tro-
phy in the Fordham game.
The first linesman awarded
the prize. Below 1 apprecia-
tion of a good play.
Above, George Blomquist.
Probably the most colorless
man on the team. Also the
most earnest and improved
member in '36. Politician at
the School of Commerce. Be-
low, habit or circumstances?
of McDonald, Ohio State fullback, who scurried untouched
around right end for the tally. The Violets never recovered
from the demoralizing effect of the interception. Ineffectual
blocking, poor tackling, intercepted passes, impotent coverage
by the ends on punts, and dismal punting, allowed Ohio State
to parade its entire squad before the soon-bored assemblage. Only
once, and that in the final quarter through a fifteen-yard penalty,
did the Violets get as far as the home teams 20-yard stripe. For
the few hundred students who made the sorrowful pilgrimage to
Columbus there was only the cold comfort of having seen some
hne ball players-of having seen "'1'ippy" Dye, "jumping Joe"
X'Villiams, lVasylik, QThe latter averaging 19 yards a runj and
Hamrick, huge left tackle.
Stevens made three changes in his starting line-up for the
P.M.C. game: Bob Hersh, veteran center, replaced O'Connellg
Savarese, speedy, flashy line bucker replaced Williainsg and the
veteran Perry Geffen, whose leg injury during the Buckeye "con-
test" forced him to the sidelines and ended his college football
career, was replaced by Blomquist. For two periods, against a
heavy but inexperienced Cadet eleven, the Violets demonstrated
the ineffectiveness of their attack-so noticeable in the previous
game. In the second half, shelving their passing game, the Vio-
lets called upon their superior power and scored four times, win-
ning 26-0. Stelmach, soon after the start of the second half car-
ried the ball 55 yards to the Cadet 10, from which point Savar-
ese carted it over in two plays for the first score. Soon after this,
the home team afforded the 5,000 in attendance another oppor-
Shorten stops North Carolina back.
tunity to cheer when W'illiams scored on a latex al from Stelmach. l
The huge negro, who proved the most consistant ground gainer i
of the afternoon, ripped through right tackle for the third score.
And in the final minutes of play, Dowd, who had taken over
O'Connell's punting duties, contributed the final touchdown on
a spinner through the center of the line.
An undefeated North Carolina eleven, previously consid-
ered as a possible Rose B-owl candidate, was dealt a severe blow in
prestige as they retained their perfect status only by the failure
of the usually reliable Somma to convert one extra point. The
Violet-clad players, outplayed for three quarters and seemingly
on their way to a second decisive defeat, staged a thrilling come-
back in a hectic fourth period, and o11ly questionable quarter-
backing by Stelmach and the failure by inches of a long desper-
ate pass to Dave Littlefield, substitute end, in the final play of
the game was to save a 14-13 victory for the fast-tiring Tarheels.
Outrushed, -outpassed, and outcharged for three quarters, with
another North Carolina touchdown in the offing in the final
minutes of the third period, the Violets unexpectedly held and
changed the entire tenor of the game. Dunney broke through to
block Burnette's punt, and it was first and ten for the Violets
in Tarheel territory. Bernie Bloom, whose accuracy of passing
arm proved one of the more pleasing highlights of the game, 1
hurled a pass to Dunney for a touchdown. Somma, trying for
what turned out to
to convert the kick
down the Tarheels
be frustrated by an
be the decisive point, was wide in his attempt
. Two minutes following the N.Y.U. touch-
were two yards from a third tally only to
obdurate line, and N.Y.U. took the ball on
Above, Andrew Barberi. Rated
by Stevens as better than
Fordham's "Block of Granite"
Franco. Only linesman to ac-
quit himself notably in the
Ohio State game. Captain-
elect of the 1937 team.
Shorten and Harrell tackling Carolina back
Above, Cocky Bernie Bloom.
Known for his bullet heaves.
Rated by some as the best
passer in the country. Below,
dejected attitudes were very
the two yard stripe. Dunney went deep into the end zone to
punt. The Tarheels broke through the N.Y.U. line, forcing
Dunney to run. The Violet punter and end carried the ball to
the 15 yard stripe, from which point the drive for the second
Violet touchdown started. XVith Bloom and Stehnach alternating
as passers, the Tarheels were driven back to their own 17-yard
stripe. Stelmach carried the ball over from the two yard line
after North Carolina had been penalized for holding, and the
extra point was kicked, to end N.Y.U.'s scoring.
A long desperate forward pass into the end zone in the final
quarter, caught by Hal Shorten after a seemingly impossible leap,
earned the Violets a tie with Georgetown. The Hoyas, unde-
feated and untied before the Stadium tilt, capitalized on a
blocked punt for their only score. Hardy, Hoya center, break-
ing through the defense, got in front of Dowd's kick, scooping
up the ball, and ran thirty yards for the score. The Violets,
slowed up all afternoon by the failure of their aerial game,4the
Hoyas intercepting five passes--couldn't click at the proper
moments after moving with speed and eclat, time and again, into
Georgetown territory. The Violet score, when it came, was as
unexpected as it was welcome. XVith Rocco Pauline calling sig-
nals, Bloom faded back to the Hoya's 40 and lined a long low
pass which the diminutive Shorten snatched from the hands of the
two giant Hoya defenders. After the brilliant last quarter of the
North Carolina game, the final score was a disappointment to
those who thought that the Violets had at last found their "true"
form. This was the second year Georgetown had impressed as a
defensive unit, their line play featuring the contest.
Stelmach hits Rutgers line.
A sub-par Lafayette eleven, coached for the first time by
Ernie Nevers, former Stanford All-American, offered little op-
position to the Violets at Yankee Stadium. The entire Violet
squad participated in the unequal struggle, but, despite the in-
sertion of the third stringers, Stevens was unable to keep the
score to less than 48-0. N.Y.U. reached their peak for this game,
displaying a running attack that boasted power and deception in
making a higher total against the Leopards than either Colgate
or Penn were able to score. Lafayette had only one chance to
score and that came when they reached the N.Y.U. 30 yard line
in the second quarter. They made three first downs to the Vio-
let's 193 in rushing gained 58 yards to N.Y.U.'s 340: while N.Y.U.
completed ll out of 19 passes. The 10,000 in attendance wit-
nessed a smashing attack, with Stelmach entering the scoring
column four timesg Edward Cella, flashy sophomore performer
who turned out to be a promising triple-threat man, scoring
twice, and Big Ed liVilliams once. Sal Somma booted four place-
ments in this, the second triumph of the season for the Violets.
A powerful Carnegie Tech eleven, that had distinguished
itself commendably in a schedule that included Notre Dame,
Michigan State, Holy Cross, Temple and Purdue, inflicted a
ll-6 defeat upon the Violets. This was the Skibos' ninth appear-
ance in New York, with N.Y.U. having Won 8 out of l0 meetings
between the two schools.
Despite the loss, the Violets, who once more displayed their
tendency to score late, comported themselves in a respectable
manner. Possessing neither the manpower nor the skill of the
Skibos, the Violets averted a shut-out in the final play of the
Stelmach stopped by Lafayette.
Above, Phil Swiaden, 210
pound tackle and a consistent
performer throughout the sea-
son. Mentioned on Metropoli-
tan All-American's. Below -
proving that the crowd is
sometimes as interesting as
Above, John Kenkicki Oki.
First Japanese in the hislory
of N.Y.U. sports. Too light to
see any action, but made good
publicity copy. Below - the
score wasn't the only thing
that rankletl this girl.
game when Bernie Bloom shot a fiat pass to Savarese, who fell
over the goal line for the score.
The Skibos, because of an abundance of Hne sophomore ma-
terial, were rated as a team whose only handicap was the green-
ness of these same sophomores, who were still potentially better
than the veterans. Harpster, Skibo coach, started his veteran ar-
ray, and after 20 minutes of play inserted his "shock', team of
sophomores. The Skibos were quick to capitalize on whatever
breaks were afforded by N.Y.U.g a recovery of a fumble by Ed
l'Villiams on the N.Y.U. 20 paving the way for the first score. The
score might have easily been 28-6, for two Carnegie Tech touch-
downs were called back, one after a run of 62 yards. For tl1e
visitors, Jumping Gene Rosenthal, Napotnik, and Lehman
Coach Mal Stevens looked beyond the games with weak
Rutgers and City College elevens, to the Fordham game. Rul-
gers, whose gridiron star had waned in recent years, provided
the Violets an opportunity to tincture their scoring ledger with
46 additional points before a slim gathering of 6,000 on the Polo
Grounds. Held scoreless in the first quarter, the Violets un-
leashed a 25 point scoring attack in the final quarter. Aerials and
ground plays clicked with monotonous regularity. Savarese was
credited with two touchdowns, while the remaining scores were
divided among Y'Villiams, Fred Fiore, Milton Miller, and Shorten.
Somma's conversions added three points. Despite the size of the
score the Violets failed to impress the Fordham eleven, wl1o
watched their performance.
Bloom hit after throwing pass against Fordham.
A weak but not meek City College eleven, opened with an
unexpected display of strength to score a touchdown and appear
on its way towards registering an upset. ln the last half, how-
ever, the Violets scored 19 points to break the tie while City
failed to add to their total ol 7. Bloom contributed two touch-
downs toward the Violet victory, while Shorten and Miller ac-
counted for the other tallies. N.Y.U. had a wide edge in statis-
tics, making 16 Hrst downs to City's 65 151 yards rushing against
112 by City and completing 14 passes out of 211 attempted, for
226 yards gained. The victory marked the seventh straight win
over City and it was decided after the end of the season to dis-
continue relationships until such a time when City got better on
the gridirongor N.Y.U. Worse.
The Violet regulars, expecting an easy Win-as-you-please
game, had made arrangements to take in the Ifordham-Ge-orgia
game at the Polo Grounds immediately after piling up a secure
lead. Coach Stevens had left the direction of the team to his as-
sistants and was already at the Grounds. At the end of the quar-
ter one of the reporters approached Stevens saying:
"The N.Y.U. score is 7-O."
"XVhew," said Stevens, "1 thought we'd have more than that
"lVhat do mean, you'd have more than that?" grinned the
scribe. "City's got the 7 pointsfl
Coach Mal Stevens appeared shortly after this conversation
at the Stadium.
Extreme foreground-the ball too short for Violet receiver.
Above, Fred Fiore. Potential-
ly, one of the best backs on
the team. Below, he took pic-
tures of the Violets in action
so that they could remedy
their faults. His name is
Winnik, and he"s a wealthy
broker with photography as a
Seniors waited four years, players all season.
Four victories, one tie, and three defeats
was the record which N.Y.U. brought with it
to the Fordham game. Little hope was held
for the Violet-clad players, except by a few
who dimly recalled early-season potentialities
which were never fulfilled in competition.
Yet these defeats and failures helped to
make the '36 season one of the most memor-
able in Violet history, for the N.Y.U. gridders
climbed the heights of sportdom, coming back
from decided mediocrity to end the season
with a totally unexpected glorious victory.
It was Fordham the year before who
broke the N.Y.U. Rose Bowl bubble with a
smashing 21-0 triumph in the Hnal game of
the seas-on. Then, a brutally strong Maroon
line rushed Ed Smith's widely publicized
passes and covered pass receivers so well all
afternoon that the Violet went to pieces and
never regained its composure again that day.
In '36 N.Y.U. occupied the same under-
dog position which Fordham had held the
Durmey gets off a 50-yard punt.
preceding Thanksgiving Day, but this time
no one dared to assume that the thrice-beaten
and once-tied Violet had any sort of a chance
to penetrate Fordham's line, the nationally
renowned "Seven Blocks of Granite." These
seven amazing defensive linesmen had HOL had
a touchdown scored on them all season-and
even Pittsburgh, mighty Pitt, who beat Ohio
State Qwinner over N.Y.U. by 60-0-Q Nebraska,
and Notre Dame, and afterwards was to crush
Hlashington in the Rose Bowl, could not move
them. Wojechoweicz, Franco, and Pierce were
All-American selections at center, tackle and
guard respectively. WVhat chance had N.Y.U.
against this team?
Thanksgiving Day saw a beautiful Held
and appropriate football weather at the Yan-
kee Stadium. The gay holiday crowd turned
out in full force-half to see Fordham go to
the Rose Bowl, and half to hope for a Violet
victory after eight long years of defeat.
Fordham kicked off, and N.Y.U. imme-
diately displayed the tactics which were to
bring about one of the major upsets of the
year, for quarterback Milt Miller called for a
quick-kick which rolled out of bounds on the
Ram nine yard line. All afternoon Miller's
flawless signal-calling and Dunney's amazing
angled punts were the basis of the Hall of
Fame offensive drive, with Savarese running
and Bloom passing to victory. Time and again
Dunney fwhose average for the game was 52
yards per kickj punted into the coffin corner
to take the sting out of the Maroon offense.
The Violet linesmen opened up holes for their
runners through which a truck might have
The Fordham outfit played as if it
thought that it could score at will, but when
it needed the points most, New York was un-
yielding. Oscar Scarola at center, a fire-brand
on the defense, backed up the line in an in-
spiring manner for sixty minutes. Fordham
runners would reach a hole in the line of
scrimmage, or skirt the ends or tackles only
to be hit by 170 pounds of dynamite. Harry
Shorten was hardly less effective. Phil Swiadon,
playing the left side of the line, made tackles
on the left, on the right, and in the center of
the field, and broke through to drag down the
Ram passer twice, for losses of fifteen and
The reason for the victory was to be
found in the spirit of the N.Y.U. men. Thus.
when a clever lateral fooling both Franco and
Pierce, took Savarese across from the two yard
line for the score, and Somma made good the
placement, the inspired Violet group fought
successfully to repel all attempts which were
made against its lead. Fordham scored a min-
ute and a half before the end of the first half,
but Palau's placement failed. The story of
New York's victory was the story of courage
and determintion. N.Y.U. made its touchdown
the hard way-through the line. Fordham
scored as the result of a break-a fumbled
punt by Bloom.
The final whistle blew amid the deafen-
ing roar of the crowd. It was a tribute not
only to the victory, but to the spirit of the
players, to the unconquerable determination
of the men who participated in the triumph,
to Hne coaching and clever scouting-to every
player on the squad for their spirit in coming
back from a 60-0 defeat by Ohio State to a
victory over a great Fordham team.
Savarese receiving a lateral from Bloom: a play like this won for N.Y.U.
The setting, Madison Square Garden
. . . the crowd . . . the youth gazing in awed
reverence at Coach Howard Cann, ALBUM
feels, is symbolic of the growth of basket-
ball: the transition from stuffy armories
with their limited seating capacity to spa-
cious indoor stadiums . . . the change from
one paragraph sport to comlnander of
headlines. This within three years' time.
A big-time game
in a big-time city.
An ex-sport reporter, Ned Irish, turn-
ing promoter, was the contriving genius
hehind the transition. He took the hoop
teams into the hig-time. But Ned Irish
could have done nothing without the in-
tense rivalries, the spectacular last minute
rallies, the phenomenal shot-making that
consistently attracted the metropolitan
Fleigal of City sinks one.
lt takes live great 111611 to ntalae a great basketball teant. For
three successive years, hye great 111e11 played i11 Violet unilortns,
but in '36-'37 o11ly two ol' these, Milt Seliulntan Zllltl lry '1'erjesen,
l'Clll3l11Cll. And even these reniaining two lost tl1e greatness that
llllil Carried lllClIl to llle LOIJ ol' the nation's basketball heap.
Thus, tl1e l93ti-1937 year marked just another basketball
season for N.Y.U. On paper, tl1e Violets had quite a respet table
record, but. i11 reality, tl1e Hlllg-IIHIIICU tea111s tl1ey Clll'0L1lllCl'Cil,
such as Colgate, North Carolina, and others, presented sueh
leeble opposition lll2ll tl1e 1llClll0Cl'lly ol their 1JCl'li0l'lll1iIlCCS rather
ll121ll N.Y.U.'s good points were the laetors tl1at 2lCl'0lllliCCl for
lllC winning llllllglll.
Graduation, ineligibility, intluenza, Hllfl tl1e Cleorgetowa
Hoyas, each played its part in destroying XVll3.l glllllllltfl' ol hope
there was lor a cil1a1npionsl1ip season. To this could also be
added tl1e lact that the supposedly talented crop ol' lil'CSlt1T1Cll
lll'0lIl tl1e previous year had not produced one player of any
At the end ol' lllC 1935-36 season there was a general exodus
lltbltl tl1e basketball ranks. Captain XVillie Rubenstein at1d 'iliing
Kong" Klein received their degrees that June, tl1e Eighth XVonder
later signing up H'llll tl1e pro-liootball Yankees, while Len Maitl-
Cann rated Bernard Carni-
vale, "the most improved ball
player on the team." He
played forward and scored
the most points for the quin-
tet. Basketball runs in his
Milt Schulman-he played
ball. Captain of the 1936-37
team. Handicapped in his last
year by illness. Included in
any tabulation of the best
three guards in the country.
Shortest but liveliest member
of the regulars.
Carnivale fights for ball.
main continued on to medical school. Thus, the Violet was shorn
of its most accurate shot-maker, its mightiest lighter, and its
greatest all-around player. All that remained when the dust of
the departed had cleared was Captain Milt Schulman, Irv Ter-
jesen, and Irwin lYitty. But the last-named didn't remain very
long. Before the N.Y.U. student body had got over the shock
of seeing what was left of the basketball team, it was found that
Nitty had been declared ineligible.
As if that wasn't enough, Schulman and 'lerjesen caught in-
fluenza just before the Georgetown game. As a result, although
the two managed to struggle through the greater part of the con-
test, their struggles were in vain, and Georgetown had the dis-
tinction of breaking the second Yiolet winning streak in two
years. Up to the time of the Georgetown demise, the streak had
extended to three full games.
At first, Coach Calm had had quite a .job getting together live
men to lllll on the court, but by tl1e start of the season he had
assembled a coordinated, though not brilliant, array in Terjesen,
Schulman, Jerry Tarlow, Bernie Clarnevale, and Si Boardman.
Tarlow and Carnevale had been drafted from the previous year's
junior varsity, while Boardman had had his Hrst taste of varsity
basketball when the Violets suffered their memorable tailspin in
Tarlow of N.Y.U. struggles for ball as Pat Kennedy, referee, gets excited.
The season opened at the Heights Gym with an oddly as-
sorted alumni group providing what opposition they could. As
it was, it didn't amount to yery much, the varsity walking oli
the court at the long end of a 118-25 score.
Three days later the Saints from St. Francis threw a great
scare into the hearts ol' Violet adherents by taking a I7-Ili lead
at the end ol' the lirst hall, only to weaken in the closing minutes
and lose out by a 29-25 margin. Captain Milt Schulman again
set the pace, sinking four field goals and one foul to lead the
scoring. N.Y.U.'s yictory was its thirty-liilth in a row on its home
The two lollowing contests XV1Il1 Upsala and Cathedral re'
sulted in easy one-sided victories lor the Hall ol' Famers. Upsala
went down under a 46-I5 barrage, while Cathedral absorbed a
60-25 shellacking. ln each of these contests lrv Terjesen led the
scoring, accounting lor twelye points in the Upsala contest, and
establishing a modern N.Y.U. record in the Cathedral game by
tapping a total ol twenty points into the basket.
The Georgetown contest lound Schulman and Terjesen
weak and ailing from a spell ol the llu, and although they kept
the Violets in the battle while they were in the game, the moment
they were removed the Hoyas sewed it up with a 10-point scoring
Simon Boardman. A pleasant
surprise in his first season as
a regular. A good all-around
performer with emphasis on
his passing. Tall-story teller.
His favorite is the time he
played center against the guy
so tall "that he had to wear
an oxygen mask."
Swedeli Terjesc-n, 6 ft... 3 in.
center of the Violets. For two
years Swede was overshadowed
hv colorful Ikc- Klein. ln
'36-,37, with lke gone., Ter-
jeson came into undisputed
possession of the center joh.
Terjesen missed the goal.
splurge. Georgetown led at the half' by six points, and kept that
margin till the end 'of the game, the finial seore being 48-12.
Manhattan increased the Violet losing streak to two in a row,
emerging a -f l-3-l victor in one of the roughest games ever played
at tl1e Garden. N.Y.U. ctomnritted twenty personal fouls to
eighteen for Manhattan, and six men were banished from the
floor. It was a topsy-turvy affair. the lead changing nine times
and the sctore heing tied on seven occasions.
XVith their championship hopes blasted. the Violets, never-
theless, primed themselves for the ctoming clash with Ohio State's
Buckeyes. eager to avenge the humiliating defeat whicth the foot'
hall team had suffered out in Columbus. But, though they fought
valiantly, and for a time were in the lead, the more powerful
lluekeye team rode home with a 39-32 victory. Although N.Y.U.
led at the end of thc: first half, 23-lo, the Buckeyes suddenly Came
to life at the start ol' the second section and reeled off' fifteen suc-
cessive points before the Violets could break the run with a goal.
.X belated rally in the closing minutes failed to stem the tide.
Still reeling after three sueciessive defeats, the Hall of lfarners
finally ciame to life a week later, defeating the North Carolina
'l'arheels at the Garden and taking over Colgate the next night
at the Heights Gym. XVith Swede Terjesen hack on the courts
Terjesen leaps high to sink il basket.
after being confined with inlluenza the team performed beauti-
fully in spots, beating back the Clarheels by a 37-30 seorei 'lhe
Red Raiders from Colgate lell before the onrushing Violets by a
much greater margin, Si Boardman contributing sixteen ol'
N.Y.U.'s tallies in their -'12-27 victory.
Returning to the eourts alter a two-week layoll due to exams,
the New Yorkers stretched their winning streak to live straight,
annihilating Brooklyn College by 311-Zl, St. .Iohn's 29-2l, and
Following the Rutgers game the Violets lost three in a row.
The Notre Dame game. held in the Garden lor the third time,
and which threatened to take on a traditional flavor because of its
popularity, saw the Violets go down to an overwhelming defeat.
32-26. The week following the defeat at the hands ol the Irish.
Temple eked out a 36-33 victory. In the next game with Ford-
ham the quintet was upset 31-19 for their most surprising defeat
of the season.
In the last game of the season, the traditional battle against
City College, the Violets alternated brilliant shot-making and
sloppy playing to spring a minor surprise against one of the
strongest Holman teams in years. The score was 38-32 and made
the season's record, ten victories against six defeats.
Daniel Dowd. He and Tarlow
were the better of the substi-
tutes. A nervous type of hall
player. The players called
him "mommer's boy," be-
cause of his baby-face.
A Coach's Hair Grays
Joe McCarthy's fifteenth anniversary as
coach -of the N. Y. U. baseball team added
gray hairs and deepened the lines in l1is long,
drawn face. I-'or the 1936 season was the most
topsy-turvy -Ioe experienced since he joined
The team started off with a bang, was lat-
er thrown back with a long-echoing crash,
and spent the remainder of the year turning
back the most formidable of their opponents,
especially those with long winning streaks,
and losing to teams of low calibre. Their play
was erratic, for the most part paralleling the
achievements of the Pride of Flatbush, Brook-
lyn's Daffy Dodgers.
The lack of a pitcher who could go nine
innings throttled the Violets' advance in 1936.
Olfensively, the Violets presented a veri-
table murderers rowfMoe Deutsch, slugging
outhelder, Art Schoen, first baseman, and Lar-
ry Lachman, shortstop, proved the doom of
many an opposing pitcher. Alex XVeinstein,
who started the season as a substitute outfield-
er, poled out live hits in five times at bat in
one game. In the Held the Violets performed
smoothly, folding up only when they were
Of a schedule that embraced nineteen
games, N. Y. U. won nine losing eight, the
other two contests being cancelled because of
rain. Most notable among their victories was
the defeat of L. I. U. after the Blackbirds had
compiled a winning streak of eight games,
and their defeat of Manhattan, who had pre-
viously won eleven straight.
The Violets opened the season against
the Alumni, turning back the grads by a 9-2
score. Fee, Atkinson, and Martin effectively
scattered the six Alumni hits.
A week later, Columbia fell before the
arm of Mike Stelmach who annihilated them
by a 19-5 margin. The Hall of Famers, taking
advantage of the Lion hurlers wildness, added
21 hits to 12 passes. Stelmach allowed ten hits
but kept these well scattered.
Following the cancellation of a game with
Brooklyn College, the Violets came through
with a thrilling victory over St. Johns, quell-
ing a ninth-inning uprising and winning out
by an 8-7 score. Art Schoen, Violet first base-
man, connected for a double, triple and a
home run in four times at bat, as Frank Fee
went the route for N. Y. U.
In a return engagement with Columbia,
the Lions avenged the defeat they had suffered
at the hands of the Hall of Fame team two
weeks previous, and handed N. Y. U. its first
defeat of the season by a 6-fl margin. The
Lions were outhit thirteen to eight, but they
managed to bunch their hits driving Stel-
mach and Martin from the mound, with Fee
hnishing the ball game for N. Y. U.
Frank Fee won his third game of the sea-
son against Rutgers, the Violets outscoring
the Scarlet 13-8. N. Y. U.'s murderer's row
exploded in three innings, each time in clus-
ters of four runs. Larry X'Veinstein, subbing
for Nat Machlowitz helped himself to hve
hits in five times at bat, one of them a home
run, driving hve runs across the plate. The
victory was New York's thirty-fourth in the
47th game of the series between the two teams
which began in 1898.
Scoring five runs in the seventh inning,
the Violets lowered the prestige of the L. I. U.
blackbirds and of their star hurler, Larry
Burger wth a 7-2 victory. In doing so they
broke an eight game winning streak the Black-
birds had hoped to extend at the expense of
Manhattan, another team with champion-
ship aspirations, nosed out tl1e Violets by a
7-6 count, collecting seventeen hits off Fee
and Goldberg. Three days later, Fordham
gave Violets a 21-2 shellacking. Four pitchers,
Stelmach, Bush, Goldberg and Fee paraded
before the Rams and were nicked for a com-
bined total of twenty-IWO hits. It was Ford-
ham's tenth straight victory.
YVith Frank Fee on the mound, N. Y. U.
once more broke into the win column, against
Princeton. The hurler allowed but hve hits
as the Hall of Famers connected ten times to
defeat the Tigers by a 5-1 score.
City College was the next victim, the Vi-
olets producing their second scoring splurge
of the season as they overwhelmed the Laven-
der 12-6. Six City College hurlers were driven
from the mound as the inspired Violets
romped around the base paths climaxing the
day's work with a six run rally in the fourth
Meeting Rutgers for the second time, the
New Yorkers won this time by 7-6, winning
the game in the eighth with Eve runs. Stel-
mach and Goldberg divided the hurling du-
ties for the Violets.
N. Y. U. broke another winning streak
when they defeated Manhattan in a tight
pitcher's battle, 2-1. Avenging an early sea-
son's defeat at the hands of the Kelly-Greens.
the Violets connected for seven hits off the
brilliant Blumette, stopping Manhattan streak
at eleven. A wild throw in the eighth inning
permitted Hieinstein to score with the win-
Fordham provided an unhappy ending to
the season by defeating the Violets 8-4 in the
final game of the season. Al Gurske, Ram
hurler, struck out thirteen men as his team-
mates nabbed ten hits off Fee and Stelmach.
The Rams scored hve 'of their runs in the last
Square students seldom
yet around and around
New York University's track and field
team experienced a lean year during the 1935-
36 indoor and outdoor season, in fact, no
Violet track team in recent years performed as
poorly collectively as did the runners that year.
But, though Coach Emil Von Elling had
hardly hoped for a great track team during
the 1936-37 indoor season on the basis of tl1e
previous year's team's efforts, the wearers of
the Violet showed definite signs of improve-
ment. VVhen questioned as to individual stars-
in-the-making at the start of the season, the
astute Von Elling pointed a proud finger
at Edgar Stripling, then a sophomore, and
freshman Milton Glass. The Violet mentor's
prophetic words were more than carried out.
Edgar Stripling, dividing his efforts between
the quarter and half mile, bid fair to become
the greatest middle-distance runner to ever
wear a Violet uniform, and it was with justi-
fication that Von Elling spoke of the lithe
Stripling as a distinct probability for the
Tokyo Olympics in 1940.
Milton Class, champion schoolboy quar-
ter-miler from Evander Childs High School,
had unquestionably been headed for track
greatness until his disastrous experience in
the New York A. C. meet in Madison Square
Garden the year before. Running anchor on
the freshman one mile relay, Glass had
crashed to the sharply banked Garden boards
as he was going past Frank Slater of Fordham.
Resulting had been a fractured leg which put
Glass on the shelf for a year.
During the 1936 indoor campaign Xiolet
victories were confined for the most part to
relay events, with individual places coming few
and far between. The Violet one mile quartet
started clicking in the N. Y. A. C. meet, when
Manny Krosney, Howard XVitl.ner, Sid Bern-
stein, and Ed Stripling, running in that order,
fought Manhattan's Fine team all the way to
the tape to place second by two yards in a
3123.6 race. From this point on N. Y. U.'s
relay progress was rapid, until the National
A. A. U. Championships, when the Violet 1000
metre medley relay of Stripling, XVilliam Eis-
enberg, Krosney, and Bernstein created a
new world's indoor record of 21004, defeating
the star-studded N. Y. Curb Exchange team of
Hoffman, O'Su11ivan, Lamb, and Herbert by
From the Millrose A. A. games to the K.
of C. meet, closing the indoor season, it was
Stripling who was the paramount factor in
keeping New York University in the write-
ups. Hlhether competing before a packed
house at Madison Square Carden or a hand-
ful of disinterested spectators at a small
armory meet, Stripling was in there digging
away all the time-running one spectacu-
lar race after another-more often than not
doubling up in two events, running a quarter
and half with little rest in between.
In the 1936 N. Y. A. C. meet at the Gar-
den, Milton Aronauer, 21 year old N. Y. U.
senior, came through in fine style to win the
James E. Sullivan 1,000 yard handicap run in
2:15.7, beating Manhattan's Joe Moclair.
George Eiss pulled in third in the Bartow S.
XVeeks handicap ,f1000" behind Blenderman
and Hoolihan of Manhattan College.
The indoor 1. C. A. A. A. A. Champion-
ships saw N. Y. U. score the pitiful total of
four points with the 3200 metre relay placing
fourth and John Perry and George Eiss get-
ting a Fifth in the 3000 and 1500 metre runs
respectively. Eiss, who had run his event a
quarter of an hour before competing on
the 3200 metre relay, faded badly on the
third leg and killed any chances the Violet
might have had of garnering a Hrst place in
championship competition. Here, once again,
it was Eddy Strip1ing's great anchor effort that
brought the Violets in fourth behind Penn
State, Boston College, and Manhattan. Ed
Tait and Sid Bernstein ran the hrst two legs
of the relay. It was in this same 1. C. 4.A.
meet that Manny Krosney, conceded a chance
to win the 50 metre sprint, was shut out in
his trial heat.
The of C. meet, ringing down the cur-
tain on the ndoor track season, wtnessed the
N. Y. U. two mile foursome of Stripling,
Bernstein, Eiss, and Tait beat Columbia,
Fordham, and Manhattan to win in 7:54.7.
The Penn Relays, highlight of the out-
door season, was further evidence of the in-
eptness of the N. Y. U. track outfit.
The best the Violets could do was a second
behind Manhattan in the 2900 meter distance
medley relay. Bernstein, Eiss, Stripling, and
Tait did the running in this event. A third
place in the sprint medley was the sole other
place the Violets gathered during the relay
N. Y. U.'s efforts at the outdoor I.C.A.A.
A.A. meet were negligible, but it was in the
fourth annual Intercollegiate Metropolitan
Championships held at Ohio Field, that the
Violets turned in their sole exceptional
team display of the year. N. Y. U. scored
45 points to Iinish behind Manhattan College
for the team championship. The Violets
gained seven firsts in the track and field com-
petition. Arnoid Reiners took the broadjump
with a leap of 21'1"g Ed Stripling ran a 1:56
half-mile to beat Howard Borck and Bill Ray
of Manhattan, Manny Krosney ran a 10:3
hundred beating Jannell of Fordham, Cohen
won the hammer throw with 150 feet 3 inchesg
De Pietro took the discus with a twirl of 125
ft. in., and VVhitman vaulted 1l'10" to
win the pole vault.
During the 1937 indoor board campaign
-as far as it has progressed at this writing-
the Violets showed a distinct tendency
towards reasserting the track supremacy that
has been characteristic of New York University
in the past. But a well-balanced squad was
still lacking. The Violets were weak in all
the field events with the possible exception of
the shot put where a giant of a fellow named
Brill had been getting the 16 pound ball out
around 416 feet. The mile relay team of
Manny Krosney, Howard X'Vittner, Curt Gid-
dings, and Ed Stripling loomed as one of the
finest teams in the East. Up at Boston these
boys ran a 3225.4 race in which Stripling
turned a 49.0 anchor quarter to nail Dart-
mouth's famed John Hoffstetter at the tape
after spotting him four yards at the touch-
And when the 1938 SCHSOII rolls around,
Coach Von Elling expects to be able to pit
his mile relay, which will then be comprised
of Jim Herbert, Negro Curb Exchange run-
ner who has beaten everyone worth while in
the invitation 600's and 500's at the Garden
meets this winter and is enrolled as an N. Y.
U. freshman, Milton Glass, who should be in
top form by the outdoor season, Curt Gid-
dings, burly Negro power-house who can turn
in a 50 second quarter and a 1:57 half, and
the dynamite kid-Ed Stripling, against the
best in the country. There's a quartet that
should be doing 3:20 or thereabouts with ease.
Two Personalities: Cunningham and Pastor
Two young men, only remotely connected with N.Y.U., and performing under other
banners, achieved national recognition for their accomplishments, and found Violet sports
followers, during 1936-37, claiming them as their own.
Une was Glenn Cunningham, who added to his laurels as Ameriea's foremost miler,
the other, Bob Pastor, who stepped into the national spotlight by staying ten rounds in the
same ring with the formidable Joe Louis.
Early in October a rumor circulated
throughout the campus that Glenn Cunning-
ham, the great miler, had registered at N.Y.U.
A checkup revealed that the Kansan had en-
rolled in the School of Physical Education
as a candidate for a Ph.D. Glenn's studies
however, did not interfere with his track en-
gagements and he competed in eight meets,
winning the mile run in six of them. His
most notable achievements occurred at the
Millrose Games, the Boston A. A. meet, and
the Xftlanamaker mile, his time being clocked
in Boston at 11:12.
In the majority of his races, Glenn man-
aged to beat the courageous Gene Venzke to
the tape by a few yards.
Despite his achievements, Glenn didn't
belittle any of his opponents. He held Venzke,
the most persistent of his rivals, in high es-
teem, saying of him:
"Gene is real good indoors. He's always
consistent. You always know he's going to
run a good race. San Romani? He's real
good outdoors, but linds it hard to run in-
doors. In fact, most runners Gnd it hard to
get accustomed indoors."
In the hundreds of races that Glenn en-
gaged in, nobody managed to defeat him with-
out being beaten in return. "l've lost ten or
twelve races out ofil don't know-several
Bob Pastor left the School of Commerce
at the end of his Sophomore year to devote his
full time to professional fighting. The move
was a wise one, for Bob, after engaging in over
eighty bouts, the majority of which he won,
managed to get a bout with Joe Louis. The
Brown Bomber signed for the match expect-
ing an easy workout, but it turned out to be
very costly workout, the Detroit negro losing
what little prestige he had regained in his
comeback following the Schmeling knockout.
The bout was ballyhooed by newspaper-
men throughout the country with Pastor play-
ing the role of decided underdog. At Hght
time, the odds were at least 5-l against Pastor,
few of the men 'fin the know" giving him a
chance to survive four rounds.
Aware of the fact that Bob was no match
for the Bomber's deadly ammunition in a
heads-up, aggressive hght, jimmy Johnston,
Jr., his manager, instructed him to keep mov-
ing all the time. Bob took his advice and
stayed "on a bicycle," turning a boxing match
into a marathon race. Although Louis was
awarded the decision, his drawing power as a
lighter diminished while Pastor's chances rose
sharply and the possibility of a championship
bout was not far off.
After the light, both Bob and his manager
He claimed getting a big kick every time
he touched the Cinder path.
To the Kansas miler, each race was of
equal importance. Even in speaking of the
Olympics he placed it in no undue regard but,
in his Kansas accent, admitted that "it was
X'Vhen Glenn ran a record race, he usually
"You can usually judge when you've
broken a record. The last one4world's rec-
ord-l broke was the Olympic 800 meter re-
corded last summer in Berlin."
Glenn came to N.Y.U. because there "was
somebody he wanted to work under." Alter
finishing the thesis he was working on, Glenn
intended accepting a coaching job, thus auto-
matically ending l1is career as an amateur.
complained that the worst they should have
gotten was a draw.
"Yeh, in another live rounds I would
have nailed him," Bob said, "and when I light
him again, I will knock him out."
"Yeh," Johnston, asserted, "Bob got
nailed by a couple of tough punches, but you
didn't see him folding upgnot Bob. Pastor
has been knocked down only once in his
career, and that was by Eddie Simms, who
gave Louis a hell of a fight."
Talking about his undergraduate days at
N.Y.U., Bob was very modest of his feats on
'II remember scoring a touchdown or
two. I like football well enough, but I like
boxing 1nucl1 better. Professional boxing is
much better than the amateur gamef,
2 5, 2
Une of tllv fe-w conlrilbulions
nl' 'W.S.C. lo Viola'-t sporls, Hugo
Casin-llo's brilliance as il fcncer
wcnl u long way toward "Squar-
ing accounts." Fl:-xililc wrists,
sharp eyes, sl:-auly lwrvvs 1 ill
short, thc rcqnircmcnts for skill
in fcncing--is Zl Cash-llo family
lu-ritage, as noticcalrlc in thu
fzlllicr, the couch of ilu- fencing
sqnufl. as lllZlI'li1'1l in ,IHIIIPS Lus-
le-llo, an younger brother, as it is
in llugo himself. Castello was
lntcrcollcgiatc foils champion
for Iwo ycars. To round out his
college- career, llngo adrlcrl thc-
Slglllll ka-y lo his :nanny tropliicsg
was om- of Sigmzfs two rcprcscn-
laiivcs on the Discipline 1:0111-
lIllllf'I'Q prcsiflcnl of Juslinian.
Of late. traditionally strong. N. Y. U.
maintained its high ranking in lencing
circles, climaxing 1936 activities hy cap-
turing the Three lYeapon Title at the ln-
tercollegiates, held annually at the Hotel
Commodore. The successful season was at-
tributed, as so many distinctive seasons ol' the
past had been, to Coach Castello. who since
taking over the reins had never lailed to pre-
sent a strong competitive squadg to the quality
ol the material attracted to N. Y. U., over-
coming what would ordinarily be a handicap
--the lack ol' quantity.
Of importance, also, in accounting lor
the triumphs at the Intercollegiate and dur-
ing the regular season, was the formation ol
the "Castello Hierarchy" lirst manifested hy
the prominent part Hugo Castello, son of the
head coach displayed in leading the lencers.
The continuation of the "Hierarchy" was as-
sured when -Iames Castello, sophomore, he-
came a regular in 1937.
Hugo Castello, who ranks as one of the
most skilled lencers ever to be connected with
the Violets, was mainly responsible lor the
annexation ol' the Iron Man Trophy, awarded
to the team scoring the most points in foils
competition, by winning the lntercollegiates
foils championship lor the second time. Cas-
tello was also a strong favorite to retain his
title in the '37 lntercollegiates. The Yiolet
star, fourth ranking player in the country in
'36, was kept from appearing in the Olympics
by an appendicitis operation alter he had al-
ready qualified lor the squad.
Teddy Gold, who together with Norman
Lewis, the latter runner-up in the foils at
the Intercollegiates for two years, captained
the squad, added to the Violet team total by
winning the lipee crown. Others prominent
on the squad were Charlie Roberts, Milton
Soroka, jack Ciorlin. Paul Kirchiner, and Paul
The Intercollegiate team victory was a
retaliation hy the Violets for the two de-
feats sullered, l3-ll at the hands ol Navy and
Army. During the regular season the Violet
lencers trounced Columbia, City, St. -Iohns.
and Rollins College.
As ALBUM goes to press the l937 edi-
tion ol the Violet lencers has already dis-
patched Yale, St. Johns, Army, Columbia. The
Yale victory was especially appropriate in that
the Violets in recent years had superceded in
prestige the Bulldogs, who until the rise ol'
Nl Y. U., had with monotonous regularity
squatted on top the fencing heap.
Norman Lewis, co-captain of the feneers, and one
of their mainstays. In 1936-37 he was National
Junior Foils and Epee titleholrler. He was Class B
champion in foils and epee at the Inlereollegiales
Tl1e 1937 swimming team compiled its
1nost noteworthy season in years with Iive
victories in evidence against one defeat. Ex-
actly who in addition to the members of the
squad "enjoyed" the compilation is a puzzling
question. A stronger word than disinterest
would have had to be found-even apathy
wouldn't do-to describe the attitude of the
"sporting populace" at the Square. College
swimming meets have never been what might
be called a "gallery sportu but adjudging from
the interest, the only displayed encouragement
the natators received was from coach and
water boy. The coach of the swimmers was
Francis P. N'Vall, mentor for ll years, and more
familiarly associated with Square students in
his capacity as head of the P. T. department
and as Intramurals director. The water boy's
name has escaped detection.
Attributable for the student attitude
was the lack of swimming facilities-a home
pool in one of the downtown schools. The
Park Central Pool was listed officially as the
"grazing grounds" for the natators.
The swimmers submerged four opponents
before encountering a Rutgers tidal wave.
St. Francis, first victim went
Lafayette, before a home crowd,
swimming in "used second-hand'
the Fordham Ram found its legs
water travel, its horns unable to
path, turning seasick by a 39-32
too short for
slice a water
countg C. C.
N. Y. found remaining in the Violet backwash
On February 20th the Violets brought
their swimming trunks to New Brunswick
only to hnd a 48-point Rutgers tidal wave,
swirling over their 21. Four days later the
Violets duplicated in miniature the Scarlet
wave,-43 points to be exact-and left their
opponents, Manhattan, with only 26.
Prominent throughout the season for the
Violets were Calitri in the 220-yard Free Styleg
Herbert Glass in the 50-yard Free Styleg Philip
Michel and Joe Lombardi in the Fancy Diveg
Lorenzi Snyder and Robert Stack in the 150-
yard back strokeg Henry Steinbass and Arthur
-Iuskowitz in the 200-yard Breast strokeg Cali-
tri in the 100-yard free style, and Lee Rosen-
feld, Glass, Pferr, and Calitri in the 400-yard
Through the medium of these pages we
extend to the greater mass of the co-ed body
a censurious attitude, laid at their feet by
virtue of the fact that they failed to take any
advantage whatsoever of their privilege of
competing in sports.
To a lack of initiative may be attributed
the somewhat woeful showing of existing
women's teams this past year. Coming right
down to it, it resulted from a lack of material
which the respective coaches of womenls fenc-
ing, swimming and hockey might have used
to mold unbeatable combinations.
Only a minute percentage of women en-
rolled in the college indulged in their pre-
rogative. These are to be lauded, however,
insofar as they tried. They worked hard and
were set-back more times than we of the Uni-
versity, with our penchant for top-flight or-
ganizations, like to think about. But they
were in there all the time, fighting, hitting
away with all they had, and if they lost more
than they won, why they learned how to take
defeat, one of the primary lessons of any
game. And, at the same time, their record
is something to be proud of, to look at with
pride and delight because of the way they
lost. Analysis of the records of women's
sports this past year must go a great deal far-
ther than merely a look at the columns de-
noting victories and defeats.
Following on this line of thought, let us
consider women's field hockey. Basing the
strength of the team on the better than good
results obtained with last year's outfit ffour
wins, three defeats and one tiej an extremely
tough schedule was mapped out for the lady
shileleh wielders this season.
The girls, however, failed to live up to
expectations, their efforts resulting in one tie
in six games. The tie game, too, came only
at the end of this schedule.
There it is. One loss after another, a
season that would have discouraged any team.
Yet, from the words of a constant observer,
"the girls found teams with better training,
more experience, but never gave up."
Captained by Margaret Schlichting the
women's field hockey team faced off against
Rhode Island State College for their first con-
test, with high hopes.
The result of this game was a forerunner
of what to expect in the others. A close los-
ing score of 1-2 conveyed the sad news to
Esther Foley, coach of the squad.
In rapid succession the team met, and lost
to Rhode Island State, l-25 Manhattanville,
l-83 the Long Island Field Hockey Associa-
tion, 0-5 Qtheir worst defeat, because they
were blankedj 3 Connecticut State College, l-25
and, in a return match with Connecticut State,
they bowed by the same score.
At this point the women rallied for one
supreme effort and in their last contest tied
a very strong Fieldston team 0-0.
Prominent in competition, and outstand-
ing in spirit, throughout the season were
Elizabeth Hynes, Florence Taub, Helena
Mrveykowska, Grace O'Brien, Liby de las
Casas, Gloren Haze, Doris Palmer, Gertrude
Runcil, Caryl Beckwith, and Barbara Land-
That same fighting spirit, which was ex-
pended without visible result by the field
hockey squad, took greater effect in the case
of wo1nen's varsity swimming.
XVith but two meets left to be run off-
one a return engagement with Posse College
whom they have already beaten, and the other
a dual meet with Penn Hall, the mermaids
had acquired an excellent record thus far
in t11e '37 season.
Their second match of the season, a meet
with Posse College, showed the only defeat suf-
fered by the mermaids out of five dual meet-
Coached by Miss Francis Froatz, the lady
natators defeated Hunter College, 35-18 in the
opening session, only to be set back by Posse
In rapid succession, then, they set down
Swathmore College, 36-21, Savage Institute,
29-243 and the Hunter College women, in a
return engagement, 33-20.
The squad consisted of Dorothy Lubin,
100 yard free-style entryg Constance Diemling
and Lisette Jung in the 40-yard breast strokeg
the Misses Haur and Betty Hecht, in the 40-
yard free style, Constance Diemling, Lisette
Jung in the 30-yard back strokeg Dot Lubin in
the fancy dive, and Jean Pearle, Lisette Jung,
Betty Hecht, and Dorothy Lubin in the relay.
Coached by julia jones, the Violet lady
D'Artagnans fulfilled, to some extent, expec-
tations of a highly successful season. Up to
press time they, like the Hall of Fame mer-
maids, annexed four victories and one defeat,
with two matches left. After these, the real
test of Intercollegiate women's fencing re-
mained-the Ninth Annual Intercollegiate
Championships, which was to have taken
place on the strips in the East Building, Hlash-
The Violet co-eds started their season by
defeating the XVaverly Fencer's Club, 8-1.
Brooklyn College went down next to the tune
of 5-4. Cornell University was the next op-
ponent to dance to the rhythm 'of the swiftly
waving foils, wielded by the Violet swords-
women. A break in this string, by the Salle
d'armes Vince, who blanked Miss Jones'
charges 9-0, was swiftly overcome by a New
York University victory over XVagner C01-
Dorothy Grimmelmann, Mary-Ann Har-
ris and Simon Abbate Qwho took first place in
the College Invitation Tournament last yearj
were the top-flight fencers of the squad and
were expected to take care that nothing
stopped the Violet in the forthcoming compe-
Doris Palmer, Basketball Captain.
The Sports Department of N. Y. U.'s Bu-
reau of Public Information tabulated women's
basketball in a black bound book on whose
cover was inscribed "Minor Sportsf' As far
as 1937 coed basketball was concerned, the
mourning cover was indeed appropriate, but
even more fitting would have been the inscrip-
tio11 in reference to basketball had the letters
formed-A'Lost Sports".-or even-'fXVhy Men-
It hadn't always been so of course. The
preceding yeargmore markedly, two years pre-
vious-the N. Y. U. coed sextet had proudly
displayed a mounting victory string and de-
servingly was receiving both attention and
plaudits. But then, perhaps, the writer is too
critical-too expectant. Certainly by all popu-
lar beliefs, consistency and the maintenance of
a high standard is not usually associated with
the fairer and frailer sex-yes, this XVAS writ-
ten by a man-and perhaps there was no rea-
son to expect a disportment by the coeds in
keeping with the record of the previous strong
As the ALBUM goes to press, live games
remain for the sextet. Judging by the four de-
feats and the lone victory the "press datel' is
perhaps very fortunate. lt might have been
even more fortunate had the deadline been
before the start of the basketball season. Then
we might have been able to say nice things
about the coeds-you see we would have liked
to pay them compliments.
To get the painful part of this tabulation
over:-St. Johns College 43-155 Rider College
18-145 Upsala College 8-7.
And now the victory. Let us dwell on the
welcome relief-allow ourselves to live over
again the stirring spectacle. The opposi-
tion-Hafstra College. Against spirited op-
position the coeds flashed a brilliant perform-
ance in which Misses Blum, left forwardg Rus-
so, right forwardg Beckwith, centerg Hanf, side
center, Schlickting, left guardg -lung, right
guard, and subs Diamond and Dolon partici-
You see we are really trying to be flatter-
ing to the co-eds. Imagine, for a moment,
someone else writing this story. Another
individual might have mentioned the fact that
Hafstra College placed a coed basketball team
on the Field for the first time. W'hy that might
have taken away from the one bright spot
of the coeds activities.
It would ll0l be stretching
the point to say that Margaret
Svhlivling was co-4-tl sports.
One of the outstanding girl
athletes in history. the only
limit to her versatility was the
llllIlllJl'l' of sports played at
N.Y.lI. She 1-aptainerl the
hm-key and lm-nnis teams ami
also was the star performer of
the co-4-tl lraskvtllall team.
That she possessed something
IIIUFK' than alhletit' ability waa
1-Situ-c-rl by her A-levlion tu
if D E1 X 3
A League of 1Yomen . 124
Administration . . 10, 11 M
A6SCl6piHd . . - - 42 Modern Chemistry . . 37-39
ALBUM . - - A 215-2211 Mr. Gallatin's Hobby . 166
A111113 13195111111 P111 - - 192 Museum of Living Art . 166-171
Alpha Kappa Delta . . 146
A.S.U ...... , 182 Night Life U U U U 200
. , P
Beta Lambda Sigma . . . 110 1,anUHcHCUUiC Council U 195
Igascball . . . . . Iyhi cjlncga
Basketball ' U "" 240'24f', 251 Past Year in Literature . 212, 33
Beta Lambda Sigma ..... 140 Phi Beta Kappa 1313
By Grace ol' the Park Commission . 152 Phi Sigma qigma 1 i i IQ!
C Philosophv Todav . 32 33
Caducean . . . 145 Pi Alpha Tau U 189
Lhoius and Olchestia . , 118 Pi Mu Epsilon U U 138
Clubs ...... . 174 Pgi Chi H1
Commons: N.Y.U. Junction . . 156 publicalimis 'U U U ' 210
Dedication . . . . 6 , , . , R U F
Delta Phi Alpha U U H8 Recent Irends in Literature . 16, 11
Dramatic Society . . . 176 S
E Seniors: An Evaluation of a Class . 44
Eclectic .... . 134 Senior Ballot ..... . 46
Economic Trend . 21-23 Senior Pictures . 46-112
Eta Sigma Phi . . . 139 Sigma Report . 136
F Soph . . , 116
Faculty . . . 12-31 Sororities . 186, 187-227
Fall Frolic 198 Social Sciences . . . 20, 21
Fauchardian . 147 5130115 ---- - 230
Fencing U U U 253 Square ..... . 224
Field of Physics U 28U QQ Square Economics Society . . 144
Ffyotball U U U U 230,240 Student Government . . 120
Fm- vyomcn Qnly U 152 Student Council . . . 122
For Men Only . . 163 Sl11'vf2y Of Psyclwlvgy - 33-36
Fofdhalu U U U S1V1lllHl1llg .... . 1
Fraternities . . 184 T
F1-Osh , , U , 117 Tau Kappa Alpha . . 137
G Teachers Union .... . 40
Glory That 1N'as The Herald . . 155 Track """' ' 248
Green Room Socials U U U U 160 Two Personalities: Cunningham
H and Pastor .... 250
Historical Society . . . 149 U
Honor Societies . . 130149 Upperclass Counsellors . . 128
Iota Alpha Pi . . . . 191 Vafsifl' Show - - - ' 205
J Vrlrielizfs . . . 222
Junior Class . . . . 114 Varsity Debate ' ' ' 180
Ulustinian . . . . 145 VV
L 1V.S.C. Bullclin . 210-215
Lambda Gamma Phi . . 193 lV-S'C- Rfilww ' 220
THE MOST POWERFUL MAN IN AMERICA'
Wlho is he?
You and I. Our friends. Our
neighbors. ln other words. Mr.
The only trouble is, he fre-
quently fails to realize his own
strength. He allows himself to be
bullied. led. and tricked, and when
he realizes it, is inclined to say:
"But what can I do about it F"
Take. for instance, this absurd
business of war. He doesn't want
war. He doesn't want to give up
his job, leave his wife and young-
sters. live like an animal in
trenches and be .vlzof at like an
animal by Average Citizens of
Yet he docs all this. He Fights
wars created by Far-From-Aver-
age Citizens who do not give up
their jobs. do not leave their
wives and youngsters, do not get
shot at. Peace is something to
light for: war is something to
iight against. So, Mr. Average
Citizen, wield that tremendous
power of yours! Let jingoistic
politicians, big-navy lobbies, war-
fomenting papers. feel the might
of your wrath.
What To Do About It
Today with talk of another war
h e a r d everywhere, Americans
must stand firm in their determin-
ation that the folly of 1914-1918
shall not occur again. Yllorld
ljeaceways, a non-profit organiza-
tion for public enlightemnent on
international attairs, feels that in-
telligent enforts can and must be
made toward a secure peace. To
this end you can do your share to
build up a strong public opinion
against war. XVrite today to
XYorld Peaceways, lO3 Vark
Avenue. New York City.
. . . the young lady was sible to cilioose the exact pose and
expression slie had always wanted in her pliotogrziplrl
Sounds imiredible . . . ifs true. An Zll'l'Z1llgCll1Cl1t of niirrors
ill our Mirror-Clzlnierzi enables you to see yourself us llre
cznnerzi sees you . . . while you're being pliotogrziphecl.
You're relaxed . . . ctonlpletely :it ease . . . :is you choose
your own best poses and expressions with the help ol' our
Try Photolleflex Mirror - Camera
Prices from 315 the Dozen
N0 Appointment Needed
PholoReHex Mirror-Camera Studio . . Fifth Floor .... Fashion Store
to the 1937 Album
I E New York
An N.Y.l'. "Stucle" philosophic11l
Hz1d ll yen to do things phi1togrz1pl1ica1l
But he thought, with El sigh,
"Gosh, the prices are high."
Henceghe let his deeds be rztther lHy'llliC2ll.
But one day' on his stroll C'tlllStllllll0l1lll.
His eyes opened in niztnner drzuuztticztl
As he czuue to 21 stop
A-Xt the sign FOTOSHOI'
Such reductions it1 prices were drz1sticz1ll
Theres 21 1H0l'2ll lor z1ll in this orziclef
Il' you care for the things 1JllOI0g1'2llDlliC2ll
Une Three Six-XVest4Three Two
Hz1s equipment for you
At costs whicli YOU'I,l, FIND ECONOMICAXI..
FOTOSHUP Ulffics 3 f'0ml9lClC line lt' you own or 2ll'C interested in pur-
of supplies for both 'Still' and 'Blo-
tion' picture phot0gr:1phy'. Here y y y A I y
I tion pictures . . . at visit to POTO-
you 11111 purchase your picture mank-
. I . . W Q SHOI' will convince you of the 1'C2ll
ing supphes-either neu or used- '
clutsing 11 czuuerzt for 'Still' or 'Klo-
:tt uuusuztlly' ztttrztctive prices,
We mztiutziiu :tn up-to-date FILNI LIBRARY stocked with thousztnds ol'
reels ol' feature pictures, comedies. cz1rtoons. Westerns zuul educzttiouuls
:tt low rental rztles. Hours ol' enioyzihle entertstiument lor you. your
lzuuily :incl your friends.
136 WEST 32nd STREET NEW YORK, N. Y
Vvhen you look hack at 1957, you Wilt want to
say that you attended your Senior Week ....
You will want to remember
Nlonolay, June 7-a theatre party.
Tuesday, June 8,-Class Night: at the A.VV.A.
Playhouse, with dancing
and Varsity Show enter-
Friday, June 11,-a Boat Ride: moonlight on
the Hudson, and everything.
Saturday, June 12-fthe Senior Ball: at the Col-
onnades Room of the Essex
House, with music hy Nat
Branctwyne and his Orches-
Sfllflfllf Lounge, IVIIS11I'llgfOlI Square
NEW YGRK UNIVERSITY
BOOKSTORES and CCMMCNS
University Departments Operated for
A CORNER OF OUR MODERN PRESSROOM
The Comet Press is proud of the pressroom which, like the plant
as a whole, utilizes all the advantages of modern engineering
science. The extension delivery presses, the special clark rooms,
the glass-lined Walls, are indicative of the organizations progres-
sive spirit. The modern plant plus a college trained personnel
and a cooperative attitude has made us one of the outstanding
printers of school and college annuals.
THE COMET PRESS, Inc.
ONE JUNIUS STREET
BROOKLYN, NEW YORK
Telephone Dlckens 6-7900
Dr. Robert B. Dow, Faculty Comptroller, for taking care ol AL-
Samuel Chernoble and Sylvia Rosen of the Cornet Press, for the
genuine interest they displayed in ALBUM's welfare.
Mr. Kirker of Photo-Reflex, Mr. Hleyersberg of john vV3I13.11l21lCC1'YS
Photo-Reflex Studio, and all the Photo-Reflex girls, for courteous,
Harcourt, Brace and Co., for the photograph ol Lincoln Steffens
used in the publications divider.
George Sheibler, of the Bureau of Public Information, for making
his files and morgue available to the ALBUM sports staff.
Claire Kavanaugh, and the Student Activities Office, for their coa
operation in ALBUM's irregular requests for permits.
Mr. Cohen of Acme, for the photograph on page 119, and Keystone
Views, for the photograph on page 13, and for the photograph of
.lack Gilvary, Matthew X'Valker, and Andrew Crans, for their re-
straining influence on third floor South.
Harcourt Brace and Co., for the photograph ol Lincoln Steflens
used in the publications divider.
THIS YOLIWIE I-IAS BEEN SET ON THE
I.INOTYl'E IN ISASKERYILLE. CIAPTIONS
AND HEADS ARE BODONI BOLD FACE.
THE PAPER IS mo-I.B. GLOSS XYHITE
COATED. THE ENDPAPERS HAYE BEEN
PRINTED FROXI A HAI,F'I'ONE I'I,A'I'E
DESIGNED BY A NIENIISER OF THE STAFF.
THE COVER IS NATIFRAL SHANTITNG.
'THE EDITION I-IAS IIEEN SET IN TYPE
AND PRINTED AT THE PLANT OF THE
KIONII-fl' PRESS, INC., BROOKLYN, N. Y.
, -W A... . , ML.,-
1' Q . ., ,, 9
v Y Vi5i'0VWfV242?'ff'W Xi? fx. 'Aff ,mff-x .
- .www -r3.Mf,Q,w.,,5if mg
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