Muhlenberg College - Ciarla Yearbook (Allentown, PA)

 - Class of 1907

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Muhlenberg College - Ciarla Yearbook (Allentown, PA) online yearbook collection, 1907 Edition, Cover
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Text from Pages 1 - 258 of the 1907 volume:

The Class of 1907 gratefully dedicates this volume to WILLIAM H. REESE, M. S. Asa Packer Professor of Natural and Applied Sciences, in recognition of his faithful and valuable services and his hearty sympathy with students. ELENTEESS time has gathered another year to the irrevocable past, and the season for another edition of the Ciarla has arrived. After many weeks of indefatigable effort, for " pouou toi choris onden eutychei ” hampered greatly by lack of time, we are at last prepared to present this book to what we hope will be a charitable public. Every author is careful to state the purpose of his production, whether it be real or imaginary, and, owing to the recent marked departure from the prescribed limits of our college annual, we feel it especial !} 7 incumbent upon us to define its proper sphere. In the first place, a college annual aims to be of interest to the public at large, as well as to students. Great care must therefore be exercised to select material that will be satisfactory to both. Furthermore, a college annual is preeminently a book of the student body, and it is therefore wholly improper to introduce on its pages extensive treatises of parties beyond the confines of that body, except in certain well-known and justifiable cases. Besides, a college annual should never be a book of irreverent caricature and unreasonable satire, but should be a truthful representation even in matters of pleasantry and censure, which always have a legitimate place in a work of this kind. Above all is it without the province of a college annual to enumerate all the eccentricities of professors and students and harp upon them ad infinitum , and thus endanger the welfare of the institution. It is not the poor qualities of men that we wish to give permanent form, but the good. These it is desirable and profitable to remem- ber. Still further, we wish to share the charitableness of the poet who says : Ah ! never on earth do we find the best, But it waits for us in a Land of Rest ; And a perfect thing we shall never behold, Till we pass the portals of shining gold.” In addition to the ordinary features of the book, we have also sought as far as in us lay to make it attractive from a literary and artistic point of view. For whatever assistance we have received from without in these and other lines, we wish to express our sincere gratitude. The book, which is entirely a product of our own conception, resembles previous volumes in but so far as our best judg- ment dictated. We have striven to make its general tone progressive as its history, which is the first confined entirely to our new college home, warranted. We acknowledge that we have laid down a difficult course to follow in this work, and hope that we have not totally failed therein. Of our attempts we are willing to say as Martial did of his, “ Sunt bona, sunt quaedum mediocria, sunt mala plura. Quae legis hie : aliter non fit, Avite, liber.” Whether criticism of the public be laudatory or adverse, our attitude toward it will ever be this, to “ trust him little who praises all, him less who condemns all, him least who is indifferent about all.” Editor. Collegium quisque uniat, non quia pulchrum, sed quia suum. Seneca {Adapted) . MUHLENBERG COLLEGE Colors : CARDINAL AND STEEL GRAY YELL Fizz, Fizzy, Fuz, Fiz ! Poo, AnTipoo ! Terras. Rattlers ! Zigzag ! Boomerang, Crash ! Muhlenberg ! FOUNDED, SEPTEMBER 4, 1867 NEW QUARTERS OCCUPIED JANUARY 3, 1905 6 8 Henry Melchoir Muhlenberg, D. D. HENRY MELCHOIR MUHLENBERG. HE purpose of this sketch is not to protrude any special denominational sympathies on a public of possible contrary belief, but to give a brief account of a character who, for his excellent qualities and remarkable achievements should be of interest to any true friend of the Church, regardless of his religious persuasion, and especially to the students of Muhlenberg College, because to him she owes her name and, next to Martin Luther, her faith. Henry Melchoir Muhlenberg, was born September 6, 1711, at Eimbeck, a town in Hanover, Prussia. In harmony with a time-honored custom, he was baptized on the day of his birth and the registry records his name as “ Melchoir Henry, son of Nicholaus Melchoir Muhlenberg and Anna Maria (nee Klein- schmidt) his wife.” Both lines had been honored, and poured into the off-spring the blood of baronial and military distinction, the tangible fruits of which had been swept aw r ay by the devastations of war long before our subject’s birth. His father realizing the importance of educational training, sent him to the largest of two classical schools then existing at Eimbeck. In his twelfth year he was, by the rite of confirmation, received into the membership of the Lutheran Church, and we have some relics in the youth’s own hand-writing, which indicate his child-like yet sincere faith. Before he w T as thirteen years of age he lost his father in death, on which sad occasion he received, as he himself tells us, his first deep religious impressions and was most seriously affected. He was now obliged to leave school and, until his eighteenth year, was engaged in assisting one of his brothers in his trade. This was, no doubt, a wholesome school, but his natural instincts could not be thwarted. His irrepressible longing for knowledge and for a higher education received partial gratification by the employment of every leisure moment in study, and soon favorable conditions permitted him to continue his studies without very much interruption. Family tradition will have it that as a youth he made his first homiletical attempts in a barn by preaching to the bare walls. At twenty-one he was able to re-enter school and prosecute his studies in the dead languages, mathematics and music. Here his fine tenor voice served him as a revenue, as Luther’s had served its possessor long before. In 1733 we find him in an advanced school at Zellerfield, teaching and studying. March 19, 1 735 , he was matriculated as a student at the University of Gottingen which was established in that year. He was therefore one of the fir st students of that 10 Alma Mater and , as his later life proved, one of whom she ever can feel proud. Here he showed himself entirely worthy of the pecuniary support furnished him by some beneficent people of his own town, and of the confidence and esteem of Dr. Oporin, a learned and pious professor of the University, who took him to his home, made him his private secretary, and gave him free board and a room for his own use. In Dr. Oporin’s home, Muhlenberg not only enjoyed excellent social advantages, but also was removed from intimate intercourse with students of lower tendencies, for “ German university-and student-life is, even in our times, to some extent an anomalous social phenomenon.” At that time “German universities, though truly centres of learning, were, in a moral aspect, not garden spots in a desert, but a howling wilderness in the midst of cultivated lands.” All such undesirable environments Muhlenberg because of previous moral and religious training was glad to shun. It was at Gottingen that Muhlenberg first came in contact with that spirit and form of piety, which was originally represented by the learned theologian, Philip Jacob Spener, and which received the name of Pietism. The decidedly practical character of this movement was made manifest particularly at Halle where Herman August Francke founded the celebrated Orphan-House and the literary and educational institutions connected with it, which sent out so many consecrated missionaries to foreign lands, and did so much to spread the Bible at home and abroad. Muhlenberg became a firm advocate of Pietism in its purity and remained so to the day of his death. In 1737 he was licensed to preach and catechize. After his graduation from the University in 1738, he was elected as a teacher in the Halle institutions, where his life was further providentially molded for his important career. Gotthilf August Francke, son of the distinguished founder of said institution, was now at its head, and kept his deep personal impress upon the man who was to transplant into America the best growth of German Lutheranism. Muhlenberg taught Greek and Hebrew, and imbibed the deep-seated pietism of the school. The missionary zeal, which always charaterized the school at Halle, came nigh sending him on a mission to Bengal. Lack of funds detained him, and, in 1739, he accepted a pastorate at Grosshennersdorf, where he could further prepare himself for his future mission in America. While on a visit to Halle, on September 6, 1741, his old friend, Dr. Francke, at supper offered him a call to Pennsylvania, to which he promptly responded that “if it was the divine will, he would and must follow whithersoever Provi- dence determined.” He returned to his flock to preach his farewell sermon, bid his fond mother and friends farewell ; and, on April 14, 1742, embarked at the Dutch port of Helvoetsluys for England and America. In England he was the guest of Dr. Fred. M. Ziegetihagen, court preacher of the German St. James Chapel, a stanch friend of missions. He remained nine weeks and studied English. He set sail for his American destination June 13th and, after a stormy and eventful voyage, during which he suffered from sickness and other discomforts, landed at Charleston, S. C., September 22, 1742. He proceeded to Ebenezer, Georgia, where the Salzburger Lutherans had a flourish- ing colony, and spent some time with the pastors, Revs. Boltzius and Gronau, who greatly appreciated his helpful visit. On November 25, 1742, Muhlenberg reached Philadelphia, a poor unknown young man thoroughly imbued with the missionary spirit. In America Muhlenberg met with almost insuperable difficulties which required not only a good Christian heart, a clear practical head, and a strong, energetic will, but also a strong physical constitution and an enormous amount of vitality. All these qualifications he possessed and many others which future necessities brought to light. He arrived in Pennsylvania sixty years after William Penn’s first visit to his province and in that time great changes had occurred. Emigrants of all nationalities and beliefs resorted thither in ever increasing numbers until in 1752, as reports tell us, the total white population reached 190,000. The Germans numbered about 90,000 and arrived so fast that for many years their number embraced about one-half of the entire number of white settlers. By far the great majority of the Germans were Lutherans. Many congregations were springing up, but usually were flocks without shepherds. Many self-ordained ministers, of all men least fitted to be pastors, took advantage of the spiritual destitution existing everywhere among the Lutheran brethren and had themselves elected as leaders of congregations. Great church leaders of other religious denominations had preceded Muhlenberg and were misleading the hungry Lutheran sheep. The most active of these was Count Zinzendorf, the founder of Moravianism, who represented himself as a regularly ordained Lutheran pastor sent to satisfy their wants. His real design was to change the Lutherans into Moravians and in his efforts had gained many adherents. In a rather spirited conversation Muhlenberg made evident to him the authenticity of his mission, and Zinzendorf was obliged to relinguish his plans in this direction. Muhlenberg, by his pleasing personality, his admirable Christian character, his deep personal insight, his ready mental grasp, his wonderful organizing and administrative ability, and his presevering efforts, soon succeeded to restore confidence and orderly worship among many of his German brethren in the flesh and faith. In this brief sketch it is impossible to give a full description of his herculean task. In order, however, properly to appreciate the greatness of his work and how well he fulfilled his mission, it is necessary to remember that when he arrived in this country he was young, inexperienced and a total stranger, that the numerous German settlers were generally poor and were scattered throughout a well-nigh boundless wilderness, that many sections had no church centre what- ever that the congregations which existed were without order, forms of worship, or rules of discipline, and lacked synodical unity, that church buildings were few and inadequate, and that there was not one fellow-pastor on whom he could rely for support or encouragement. Yet with all this he succeeded. He set to work at once with the greatest energy and earnestness. “ His first sermon in Pennsylvania he preached at New Hanover, November 28th, in an unfinished log structure, his second at Philadelphia, December 5th, in a carpenter shop, and his third, December 11th, in a barn at Providence (Trappe).” These were the three churches that had sent such urgent appeals to Halle for pastoral help. After careful consideration Muhlenberg decided to make his residence at New Provi- dence, now Trappe, where, in 1743, Augustus Lutheran Church, a large stone structure still well preserved, was erected under his own supervision. His local pastorship was confined principally to the three congregations, Philadelphia, New Providence, and New Hanover, but these never received his whole attention. The great field of destitute Lutheranism, which included the provinces of Pennsyl- vania, New Jersey, New York, Maryland and Virginia, necessitated frequent journeys full of hazard and hardship. Now we find him in Tulpehocken, now in Lehigh, now in the Conestoga sections of Eastern Pennsylvania. Next he is on a trip to visit the churches on the Raritan, New Jersey, the upper Hudson of New York, or serves a brief pastoral supply in the city of New York. Again he is on his round of visits to the churches of Maryland and his scattered country- men in Virginia. Having visited the Salzburger Lutherans in Georgia on his way to Pennsylvania, he undertakes another journey thither when already bent with age and its infirmities. From every quarter calls for help came to him, to all of which he sought to respond in person. Only once was he obliged to refuse a requested visit when an appeal reached him from Nova Scotia. Wherever he went, he established order and removed contention. His great work ever was to shepherd, instruct, encourage, organize, and superintend the many destitute and scattered flocks. In all this work he was so wonderfully prospered that the fame of his fervent piety and extraordinary ability spread to all parts of the country. Muhlenberg’s chief hinderance in the beginning was lack of pastoral help. After many appeals and patient waiting, the long-needed assistance came in the persons of Peter Brunnholtz, John Nicholas Kurtz, and John Helfrich Schaum, who were sent forth by the authorities at Halle and arrived at Philadelphia, January 26th, 1745. Fields of labor were readily found for them, and by and by more missionaries arrived from the Mother Country and everywhere the great work began to show wholesome progress. On August 14th and 15th, 1748, the 13 first synodical meeting was held at Philadelphia. Hitherto the united pastors, who recognized Muhlenberg as their head, merely held personal consultations on church matters, but this was soon found to be inadequate. The synodical form of church government is representative in character and therefore corresponds best to the civil institutions of this country, as it also does to Protestant principles. Consequently Muhlenberg and his clerical brethren wisely adopted this form. Henceforth the meeting of the synod occurred regularly, and each gathering gave evidence of a gradual but steady growth. One interesting phase of our subject’s career still remains to be treated and that is his family life. Shortly after his arrival in America, his services were required at Tulpehocken, where reigned, at this time, a troublesome confusion characteristic of the time. Thither Muhlenberg went on his errand of peace and ministration. This visit brought him in contact with Conrad Weiser, a famous provincial officer and Indian interpreter, whom he led back from the erratic fanaticism of his Ephrata community-life to the staid moorings of sound Biblical church-life, and Weiser could present no better gift in return than his eldest daughter, Anna Maria, to whom Muhlenberg was married on April 22d, 1745. Subsequent years proved that the choice was a happy one. She “ always proved herself a faithful partner to her husband’s joys and sorrows, toils and cares.” Her situation was exceedingly trying because of her husband’s frequent and prolonged absences caused by his pastoral duties, yet she patiently submitted, realizing, no doubt, his important mission, thus contributing very largely to its success. The marriage was blessed with eleven children, the care of whom developed almost entirely upon her. That she performed this duty well is proven by the long line of honored descendents to which belong men famous as scientists, artists, statesmen, military heroes, poets, preachers and diplomats. Our own college has witnessed the truth of this in choosing its first president and the late professor of English from this family. After more than forty years ot active service in this country, Muhlenberg’s labors were closed in death, October 7th, 17S7. He was buried in the shadow of the old Augustus Church where thousands have since stood in the deepest veneration. His epitaph reads ‘‘ Oualis et quantus fuerit non ignorabunt sine lapide futura saecula.” None could be truer. He is now universally honored as the “ Patriarch of the Lutheran Church in America.” 14 HENRY MELCHOIR MUHLENBERG. A SONNET V NOBLE Man of God, Faith’s pioneer, Who hast illumined darker days of yore ! How well ’niong wilds of frontier and of shore Thou taughtst the love of God, our Father dear, Conveying ever on thy whole career The oil of peace to smooth hate’s billows o’er ; Reclaiming strayers for Jesus’ folds once more Mid prayers and toils and tears and pious fear ! Thy busy days of service long have fled, But gone are not the labors of thy hands ; Thy name and faith throughout the land have spread, And we through thee with those of other lands Enjoy that faith, and ages bright or dark Shall e’er own thee as our Church’s patriarch, r 5 HISTORY OF MUHLENBERG COLLEGE. v M UHLENBERG COLLEGE, located ill the City of Allentown, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, was founded in the year 1867 in order to meet a necessity long felt by many clerical and lay members of the Evangeli- cal Lutheran Church in Eastern Pennsylvania. Before the Revolutionary War, the Rev. Henry Melchoir Muhlenberg, Patriarch of the Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania and, indeed, in America together with his co-laborers made strong efforts to establish a higher institution for the education of the Lutherans. Such an institution was founded in 1773, but the project was thwarted by the Revolutionary War. The Lutheran Minis- terium aided the Gettysburg College with this view in mind, but without success. In 1866 the Ministerium of Pennsylvania was excluded from the General Synod, thus being almost forced to establish a college upon its own territory. The result of all this was the founding of Muhlenberg College. Thus it happened that Muhlenberg College became the successor, to some extent at least, of the Allentown Seminary, founded in 1848, and of the Allentown Collegiate Institute and Military Academy which succeeded the Seminary in 1864. In 1867, an appointed committee reported that u Muhlenberg College can and will soon be formally opened with fair prospects to success.” Public announce- ments were made that Muhlenberg College with its two departments — Collegiate and Academic, would be opened on the first of September 1867. Thus we see that after all the trials and hinderances prior to this time Muhlenberg was finally opened in 1867. Notwithstanding the different hinderances that still obstructed its progress, it steadily gained a firm foothold and greatly increased its number of students until the thought of founding a 11 Greater Muhlenberg ” finally presented itself to the honored President, the Rev. Dr. Seip, who labored diligently towards this project and made such an impression upon his faithful co-laborers that, although he was called away from his earthly labors when the building of Greater Muhlenberg had scarcely begun, they fully carried out his plans. After occupy- ing the buildings situated in the southeastern part of Allentown, since 1867, Muhlenberg College was moved to the western section of the city where it now possesses a site of fifty-five acres of land, on which a commodious modern college plant has been built. With the beautiful buildings and surroundings, the unexcelled courses of study offered, a steadily increasing number of students, and the hearty support of the public, we can predict a future for Muhlenberg College, such as it has never seen before. 17 SONNET TO MUHLENBERG COLLEGE. 0 E ACH golden morn Great Phoebus’ ruddy glow Greets thee in haste and leaves thee loath at eve Thy stately walls thus bathed in radiance grow Still grander, and from Nature fair receive New beauty rich as purest pearl and rare. Thy halls are hallowed by traditions old Of men and ages gone, which we can share, And Truth divine, eternal, for us hold. O Alma Mater dear ! our love is thine ! Thy tender care delighted we possess ; Thy glorious past thou’lt surely yet outshine When present hopes have met with longed success Thou lead’st us kind to the Pierian spring, For this thy name in honor e’er we’ll sing. Ciarla Staff. 20 BOARD OF TRUSTEES v Term Kxpikks. 1906 Rkv. James L. Becker, . 1906 Reuben J. Butz, Eso., 1907 Rev. Charles J. Cooper, D. I)., 1907 Hon. Gustav A. Endlich, LL D , . 1905 Mr. C. A. FonUf.rsmith, 1905 Mr. A. W. Geiger, 1908 Rev. M. C. Horine, D I) , 1907 Rev. Edward T. Horn, I) D , 1908 Mr. Frank W. Koch, 1905 Rev. Gottlob F. Krotel, D. D., LL D. 19 ' 7 Rev. W. P . C. Keiter, 1906 Hon. Frank E. Mkily, 1907 E. Augustus Miller, Eso., 1906 Rev. Oscar E. Pfi.uegkr, 1906 Samuel N. Potteiger, Esq., 1907 Rev. Stephen A. Repass, L . I).. 1905 Mr. Alfred G. Saeger, 1906 Rev. Franklin J. F. Schantz, D I) , 1908 Hon. Charles A. Schieren, 1906 Rev. Jacob I). Schindel, D. D., 1908 Rev. James O. Schlenker, 1905 Rev. Theodore E. Schmauk, I). L , 1907 Howard S. Seip, D. I). S. 1906 Rev. Prof. George F. Spiekhr, I) I) , 1907 Mr. Harry C. Trexler, 1906 A. Stanley Ulrich, Eso , 1908 Rev. Samuel G. Weiskotten, . 1908 Reuben D. Wenrich, M. D , 1907 Mr. Edward M. Young, 1907 Rev. Samuel A. Ziegenfuss, D. D., Deceased. Landsdale Allentown. Allentown. Reading. Lancaster. Norristown. Reading. Reading. Allentown. New York City. Bethlehem. Lebanon. Philadelphia. Womelsdorf. Reading. Allentown. Allentown. Myerstown. Brooklyn, N. Y. Allentown. Hazleton. Lebanon. Allentown. Philadelphia. Allentown. Lebanon. Brooklyn, N. Y. Wernersville. Allentown. Philadelphia. 21 Faculty. D R. JOHN A. W. HAAS, President of Muhlenberg College. Dr. Haas, President and Professor of Religion and Psychology, is the son of John C. and Margaret Haas. He was born in Philadelphia, August 31st, 1862. He received his early training at the Parochial School ol Zion’s Church and the Protestant Episcopal Academy. He entered the University of Pennsylvania in 1880, and was graduated in 1884, acting as Latin Salutatorian. In 1887 the degree of B. D. was conferred upon him, and in 1902 Thiel College conferred upon him D. D. Dr. Haas entered the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Mt. Airy in 1884, was ordained in 1887. The following year he spent in the University of Leipsie. He was married on October 6, 1901, in New York City, to Miss Charlotte W. R. Boschen. He served as pastor of Grace Lutheran Church, of New York City, from 1889 to 1896. From 1896 at St. Paul’s Church, where he erected a new church in 1898. He is a member of the Society of Biblical Literature. He is autlier of the Commentary on the Gospel of Mark in the Lutheran Commen- tary. With Prof. H. E- Jacobs, D. D., he is editor of the Lutheran Cyclopedia. He is also author of “Bible Literature,” and “Biblical Criticism.” He also wrote many articles on theology. Dr. Haas is an untiring worker, and his personal magnetism makes him a born teacher. Muhlenberg has made several strides forward during his short administration and time alone will place her among the foremost institutions of the land. R EV. WILLIAM WACKERNAGLE, D. D., Professor of the German Language and Literature , French and Spanish. He was born at Basel, on the Rhine, Switzerland, September 25th, 1838. His father, Wilh. Wackernagle, Ph. D., LL. D., was Professor at the University of Bosel, and one of the distinguished scholars of Europe. His mother was a sister of Dr. Casper Bluntschly, Professor of Political Science at Munich and Heidelberg. The subject of this sketch was educated at Basel ; missionary in the Holy Land, 1859-70; assistant editor of “ Der Pilger,” Reading, Pa., 1870-76; ordained a Lutheran Clergyman at Reading, Pa., June, 1876 ; Pastor of St. John’s Church, Mauch Chunk, 1876-81, and St. John’s Church, East Mauch Chunk, 1880 ; Professor at Muhlenberg since 1881 ; Pastor of St. Thomas Church, Altoona, Pa., in connection with the duties of his Professorship, 1884-87 ; German Secretary of the Lutheran Ministerium of Pennsylvania, 1882-87. He is the author of “ Liedergeschichten,” two volumes, “Dr. Martin Luther,” “Hans Egede,” besides other valuable books; editor of “ Jugend Freund,” German Sunday-School Lessons, and a regular contributor to a number of church period- icals, besides being engaged in other literary labors. Muhlenberg conferred on 23 him the dergree of A. M., in 1881, and the University of Pennsylvania that of D. D., in 1883. He was elected acting President of Muhlenberg, November, 1903 to June, 1904. The class of 1905 presented him with a loving cup, in commemoration of the twenty-fifth year of his services to Muhlenberg. R EV. JOHN A. BAUMAN, Ph. D., Professor of Mathematics , Astronomy and Meteorology . He is the son of John M. and Margaret Bauman, was born at South Easton, Pa., September 21st, 1847; prepared for college at Quakertown Seminary, entered Muhlenberg in 1869 and was graduated with first honor in 1873 ; studied theology in Philadelphia Theological Seminary, completing his course in 1876 ; was ordaired a Lutheran Clergyman at Reading, Pa., June 14, 1876; Pastor in Westmoreland County, Pa., 1876-77; Vice-Prin- cipal of Keystone State Normal School and Professor of Mathematics. Kutztown, Pa., 1877-81 ; Professor at Gustavus Adolphus College, St. Peter, Minn , 1881-85; Asa Packer Professor of Natural and Applied Sciences, 1885-97, and since then Professor of Mathematics. In addition to his duties as Professor he has been Pastor of Lutheran Church at Fountain Hill, Bethlehem, Pa., since 1888. He received his degree of Ph. U. from Muhlenberg in 1894. He is the first Alumnus elected to a professorship in Muhlenberg. P ROF. GEORGE T. ETTINGER, Ph. D., Dean of the Faculty , and Professor of Latin and Pedagogy. He was born at Allentown, Pa., November 8, i860. He is a son of Amos and Susan Ettinger. He received his preparatory training in a private school and the Academic Depart- ment of Muhlenberg; entered college in 1876, and was graduated with first honor in 1880. In 1879 he received the Junior oratorical prize. He was instructor in the Academic Department, 1881-84; Principal of the Department, 1884-92 ; Professor of Latin since 1892 ; Alumni Editor of “ The Muhlenberg ” since 1886; Dean of Pennsylvania Chatauqua, Mt. Gretna, Pa. ; fifteen years a Director of the Public Schools of Allentown, and for a number of years President of the Board of Control and later Secretary of the Board. He received his Ph. D. degree from the University of the City of New York. He is a member of the Pennsylvania German Society and other organizations. He is the second Alumnus elected to a professorship at Muhlenberg, and has been connected with the institution since his entrance as a student in the Academic Department in 1873. For a number of years he has been Treasurer of the Alumni Association. In 1904 he was elected Dean of the Faculty. He is the first President of the Lehigh County Historical Society, Chairman for Lehigh County of the Pennsyl- vania Society of New York, a member of the American Philological Society, of the Historical Society of Pennsylvania, and of the Board of Managers of the Pennsylvania Chatauqua. 24 R EV. SOLOMON E OCHSENFORD. D D., Professor oj the English Language and Literature, and Social Science , is the son of Jesse N. and Mary Ochsenford. He was born in Montgomery County, near Falkner Swamp, Pa., November 8th, 1855 ; prepared for college at Mt. Pleasant Seminary, Boyertown, Pa. ; entered Muhlenberg in 1873 ; was graduated in 1876; studied Theology in Philadelphia Theological Seminary, 1876-79; was ordained a Lutheran Clergyman by the Ministerium of Pennsylvania, at Lebanon, Pa., June 1879; Pastor at Selinsgrove, Pa., 1879-99; since then Professor at his Alma Mater ; the third Alumnus elected by the Board. He was Secretary of the Fifth Conference for two years and President of the same for ten years ; English Secretary of the Ministerium of Pennsylvania, 1895-1901 ; English Secretary of the Executive Board of the same, 1897-190 ; English Secretary of the General Council, 1901-05 ; Trustee of Muhlenberg, 1889-99 i delegate General Council 1891-1903 ; editor of Church Almanac. 18831905 ; contributor to Appleton’s Cyclopedia of Biography, and Appleton’s Annual Cyclopedia, 1883-1904 ; news editor of The Lutheran for a number of years, and now a staff correspondent, and also a contributor to other church periodicals. He has published “My First Book in the Sunday-school,’’ Reading, 1883; “ Passion Story,’’ Philadelphia, 1889 ; “ Muhlenberg College, Quarter Centennial Memorial Volume,’’ 1892, besides other publications. He received the degree of D. D. from his Alma Mater in 1896. Director of Philadelphia Theological Seminary. P ROF. JOHN LEAR, A. M., M. D., Professor of Biology and Physical Education. He was born near Easton in 1859 ; received his preparatory training at Trach’s Academy (now Easton Academy), and Keystone State Normal School, Kutztown, Pa., entered Lafayette College in 1880, was graduated n 1884 ; took his medical course in the University of Pennsylvania, 1887-89, receiving the degree of M. D. During this course special attention was given to the biological sciences, with the purpose in view of teaching advanced biology. He was professor of natural science in Central University of Pella, Iowa, 1884-86, and natural science at Trach’s Academy, 1887. In 1899 he was elected Instructor in Biology at Muhlenberg, in 1902 he was elected Professor of Biology, and in February, 1904, he was temporally appointed Professor of Natural and Applied Sciences. After graduating from the University of Pennsylvania, in 1S88, he located at Allentown, where he has been actively and successfully engaged in professional work and in matters pertaining to medical organization. By close study and careful experiments he has become recognized as an expert in biology. He has published numerous articles on medical subjects and is recognized as an authority in his profession. In America, he was the third to apply the “Biologi- cal Test ’’ for the differentiation of human blood. 25 W ILLIAM HAAS REESE, M. S. , Professor of Natural and Applied Science. He was born in Allentown, Lehigh Co , October 17th, 1875. He is the son of William E. Reese. When four years of age his family moved to Phillipsburg N. J., where he was sent to the public schools and High School. He prepared for college at the Lerch Preparatory School at Easton, graduating in 1892. He entered Lafayette College in the Fall of 1892, and was graduated in 1896 with honors. The last two years of his college course Prof. Reese specialized in Biology and Chemistry, standing first in these branches. From 1896-1904 he was Instructor of Natural Science in Phillipsburg, (N. J.) High School. From 1896-1904 in connection with his other work, he took post- graduate work at Lafayette and the University of New York. Lafayette conferred M. S. in 1899. Prof. Reese illustrated several scientific books, among them being “ Mamalian Anatomy with Special Reference to the Cat, and General Biology by Alvin Davidson Ph. D. He also made several large wall charts in water colors for the Biological Department at Lafayette College. R OBERT CHISOLM HORN, A. M., Professor of the Greek Language and Literature , was born in Charleston, S. C. He is the son of Rev. E. T Horn, D. D., and Harriet E. Horn ; was graduated in 1896 at the High School of Charleston, with first honor ; winner of the Peabody Medal. Entered the College of Charleston in the Autumn 1896 ; holder of one of the Boyce Scholarships. In 1897, having changed the place of residence to Reading, Pa., he entered the Sophomore Class of Muhlenberg College ; was graduated at the same institution in June, 1900, with third honor. 1900-01, a graduate student at Johns Hopkins University. 1901-03, Instructor of Ancient and Modern Languages, North Carolina Military Academy, Red Springs, N. C. 1903-04 a graduate student of Classical Philology in the Classical Department of Harvard University. In June of 1904, appointed Instructor of the Greek Language and Literature, Muhlenberg College. In June of 1905 appointed Professor of the Greek Language and Literature, Muhlenberg College. T HE REV. CHARLES MICHAEL JACOBS, A. M., The new Instructor of History , was born December 5th, 1875, at Gettysburg, Pa. In 1883 his father, the Rev. Henry E. Jacobs, D. D., LL. D., then Professor in Pennsylvania College, in which his grandfather, the Rev. Michael Jacobs, D. D , had also been Professor, was called to a professorship in the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Philadelphia. Mr. Jacobs received his education at Rittenhouse Academy, and the University of Pennsylvania, graduating from the latter institution in 1895, with the degree of A. B. In 1895-96 he was instructor in 26 Mathematics at the Chestnut Hill Academy, and in the Fall of 1896, he entered the Theological Seminary at Mount Airy, graduating in 1899, in which year he was ordained by the Ministerium of Pennsylvania, and elected to the Pastorate of St. Peter’s Church, North Wales, Pa., where he remained till 1902. In the years 1895-97, ai] d 1901-02, Mr. Jacobs, in connection with his other work had been pursuing post-graduate courses in history and philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, and in 1902 he resigned his pastoral charge to go for a year of study abroad. He spent the two semesters of 1902-03 at the University of Leipsic, devoting his time chiefly to Church History and the History of the Middle Ages. Returning in the Fall of 1903, he was elected in 1904 to the Pastorate of the new Christ Lutheran Church, Allentown, Pa., which he is now serving. He is the author of several historical papers which have been published by the Lutheran Liturgical Association, and is a frequent contributor to the Lutheran Church Review. P ROFESSOR CLEMENT A. MARKS. He was born near Emaus, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, on May 31st, 1864. He received his education in the public schools and in the Academic Department of Muhlenberg College. At an early age he became the organist of Lutheran, Reformed and Moravian Churches at Emaus, and occupied the same position in Zion’s Reformed Church, Allentown, from 1886 to 1890. Since that time he ha s been organist of St. John’s Lutheran Church, Allentown. As a composer of music, and especially as leader of the Euterpean Club Oratorio Society, Professor Marks has attained a national reputation. At the February (1905) meeting of the Board of Trustees of Muhlenberg College, he was elected Professor of Music. 27 THE ALUMNI ASSOCIATION. a PRESIDENT. Rev. J. C. Rausch, Allentown, Pa. VICE-PRESIDENTS. Rev. J H. UmbenbEN, Pottsville, Pa. George R. Ulrich, D. D. S., Philadelphia, Pa. CORRESPONDING SECRETARY AND TREASURER. Professor George T. Ettinger, Ph. D., Allentown, Pa. RECORDING SECRETARY. Professor J. A Bauman, Ph. D., Allentown, Pa. BOARD OF MANAGERS. Professor George T. Ettinger, Ph. D., Allentown, Pa. I)r. Howard S. Seip, Allentown, Pa. Reuben J. BuTZ, Eso , Allentown, Pa. V The object of this Association is t o cultivate friendly relations among the alumni and to promote the interests of Muhlenberg College. Any graduate of Muhlenberg College may become a member by paying a membership fee of $1.00, and fifty cents annually thereafter. It is urgently requested that as many of the alumni as possibly join the Association, and thus assist in advancing the objects for which it has been established. The annual meeting is held on Thursday afternoon of Commencement week. 28 29 The Senior. 30 CLASS SONG. Tune : ( “ There is a Tavern in the Tower.”) OU can not find a single class A That will our brilliant one surpass, We are such bright and shilling lights. They use us in the college, nights. Chorus. We are jolly fellows all, Some are short and some are tall. And when’er you hear ’06’s ringing cheer You ' ll know that the real thing is near, And maidens say as we pass by, There gots the very apple of my eye, Hurrah, hurrah, for 1906. We are the athletes of the school In football, baseball, or in pool. Our Latin jumps are always high, In Algebra we reach the sky. — C ho. The other classes stand and gaze While we go through the classic maze, With steps unfaltering and secure And win the prizes that allure. — C ho. Virtue in action does consist,” And this, our motto, heads the list, Our colors, Black and Gold shall float. O11 each young pretty maiden’s coat. 3 1 SENIOR CLASS HISTORY. S customary verdancy of the Freshman year soon wears away and it is not long before the student exultantly and proudly proclaims himself a Sophomore. Such has been our experience. As we see our academic training in its entirety now, we realize more than ever before, what a harmony such a training connotes. It is only through this long and steady toiling that we can reach the interior of the house of life, and gaze upon the glittering beauty of its iridescent domes, the chiaroscuro of its frescoes and the marvel- ous contrasts of its mezzotints, such things as are inaccessible to the uncultured populace. The attainment of such knowledge, of such vistas, is not to us as to Browning’s Paracelsus, the end of life, but rather its beginning. We are better equipped to begin a higher journey, which is allowed only to the Illuminati. We feel like saying with Corneille : “ J’ose tout entaeprendre.” These past years are filled with bright memories, and recollections not so bright. The long winter evenings spent under the kindly light of an old student lamp with Livy, Horace, Plato, Homer and Lysias are delightful pictures of golden days that are no more. Then those tussles with “ originals ” in Geometry, and those vacillations of dubious equations and variable series in Algebra, how they made our infantile heads swim ! Then, on the other hand, can any of us ever forget that lighter side of our Freshmen and Sophomore years ; the exciting “ painting expeditions,” the strenuous class rushes, the football games which seemed worthy of epics to us in those days and the intense class spirit which fired our blood many a time? Freshman year was but a road to harder tasks, and, though we entered Sophomore year with the usual sophistieism of second-year men, when we were convinced of the possibilities of Physics, and Navigation, and were told how much we didn’t know about Botany and Analytics, there was a rude but a fortunate awakening. Freshman and Sophomore years were Scylla and Charybdis to us, and, after passing them, the voyage became more pleasant. Now, our training has not been in vain, and we shall launch out upon greater oceans, confident and unafraid. We must go on : ‘‘nulla est finis.” Yet, it is with regret and sadness we leave the protecting walls of our Alma Mater, realizing that now, “ Les temps sont accomplis.” But, shall we not then say with Racine : “ Je sors content : J’ai voulu voir ; J’ai vu.” Historian. Senior Class. Senior Class. ff Motto: “ Virtus in actione consistit.’’ Colors: Black and Gold. YELL. Rip, Rah, Rix ! Fip, Fah, Fix ! Muhlenberg, Muhlenberg ! Nineteen ' Six ! President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, Historian, Monitor, OFFICERS. First Term. Second term. Harry J. Butz, Thos. H. Bachman. Howard H Krauss, Claude O. Hoffman. John S. Schneller, J. Luther Reiter. Frederick A. Reiter, Frederick A. Reiter. John D. M. Brown, John D. M. Brown. Wm. B Smith, Howard H. Krause. MEMBERS. Name Home Address. College Address. Thomas Henry Bachman, . . Neffs, Pa., Neffs, Pa. Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club. Preston Albert Barba, . . . Allentown, Pa., Room 105, Berks Hall. Sophrouia, Physics and Chemistry Club, President Dramatic Association, Glee Club, Muhlenberg Staff, “ Marcus Brutus Snap ” in “A Night Off.” Warren Elias Bittner, . Allentown, Pa., 1 101 Walnut Street. Sophrouia, A T 12, Physics and Chemistry Club, Glee Club, Football Team. John David Miller Brown, . . Lebanon, Pa., 209 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club, Dramatic Association, Press Club, Editor-in-Chief Muhlenberg. Harry Jonathan Butz, . Breinigsville, Pa., 101 Berks Hall. Sophrouia, A T 12, Physics and Chemistry Club. Willie Scott Dry, .... New Jerusalem, Pa., 200 A Berks Hall Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club. Earle Tom Henninger, . . Eckert’s, Pa., Eckert’s, Pa. Soplironia, Physics and Chemistry Club. Claude Oscar Hoffman, . . . Allentown, Pa., 619 Union Street. Sophrouia, A T 12, Physics and Chemistry Club, Dramatic Association, Glee Club, “Jack Mulberry’’ in “ A Night Off.” 34 E.A.WRIGHT, PHUA. August Chas. Karkau, . . Lansing, Michigan, 313 Berks Hall. Sophronia, Physics and Chemistry Club, Business Manager Glee Club, Dramatic Association, Editor-in-Chief Muhlenberg ' , Representative Inter- collegiate Oratorical Union, “Justinian Babbit” in “A Night Off.” Howard Hoffman Krauss, . . East Greenville, Pa., 109 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Librarian Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club, Press Club. Manager Baseball Team. Bryan Wayne Laros, . . . Allentown, Pa., 438 North Seventh Street. Sophronia, Physics and Chemistry Club. G. Joseph Mueller, . . . Lancaster, Pa., 303 Berks Hall. Euterpea. Luther A. Pflueghr, . . . Ringtown, Pa., 208 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club, Dramatic Association, “ Mrs. Zantippa Babbit ” in “A Night Off.” Frederick Adolphus Reiter, . Quakertown, Pa., 201 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry, Representative in Pennsylvania Inter- collegiate Oratorical Contest, Glee Club, Manager Basketball Team, Property- man Dramatic Association, Secretary and Treasurer Athletic Association, Press Club. Jacob Luther Reiter, . . . Allentown, Pa., 828 Allen Street. Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club, Dramatic Association. Milton N. H. Ritter, . . . Macungie, Pa., Macungie, Pa. Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club, Glee Club. Benjamin Lloyd Romberger, Allentown, Pa., 210 North Ninth Street. Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club. Charles Elmer Rudy, . . . Lancaster, Pa., 300 A Berks Hall. Euterpea, A T 12 , Physic and Chemistry Club, Dramatic Association. John W. B. SchanTz, . . . Shimersville, Pa., 200 A Berks Hall. Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club, Dramatic Association, Manager Football Team. John Schafer Schneller, • Catasauqua, Pa., Sophronia, A T 12 , Physics and Chemistry Club, Football Team. William B. Smith, .... Slioemakersville, Pa., Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club. Leidy B. Sterner, . Richlaudtown, Pa., Euterpea, Physics and Chemistry Club. 101 Berks Hall. 301 Berks Hall. 108 Berks Hall. 35 A SONNET ON LKAVING MUHLENBERG. V I sit and watch the embers die away, A I see the light within the room grow less Until the thronging shadows ’round me press ; And then I ask my heart : “ When comes the day? Will e’er the morning dawn, the East be gray ? ” And through the gloom, I hear the ansvv’ring “Yes.” “ Awake ! Behold ! Ar ' se from listlessness ! The day is here ; night ' s stars no longer slay ” So we, before the college hearth, toil long Until for us its fires lower burn, And we must meet the dawn that comes apace, Must rise to mingle with earth’s mighty throng. Ah, ne’er shall we in wisdom’s quest return, — No leisure more, when we begin life’s race. J. B., ’06. 36 37 CLASS SONG. (Tone: “ Mister Dooley.”) HEN you perceive the scroll of fame you’ll feel a certain thrill, ” For at its summit stands the name we placed there with a will ; And mighty was the effort for you see our ranks are thin, The upper classmen thought they all would do us with a vim. Chorus. Our class united, our faith we plighted, To rally round the Garnet and Champagne ; Mid gridiron smashes and Cupid ' s dashes, Alike uphold naught seven in its fame. As we do thread the hallowed halls whence wisdom has its birth, The blaze of knowledge round us does disperse all other mirth ; Then all do pay us homage for they know we’ve made a hit, They wish they could surpass us but they can’t, no, not a bit. — Cho. No doubt you wonder at the strains and envy our renown. In mathematical glory we will surely gain our crown ; “ Under the Bamboo Tree,” we’ve sat and studied out the stars, Encircling a something that was never up in Mars. — Cho. We all have hopes that our dear name will always be sublime, For tender memories we do have of this our sacred shrine ; And ever will the spirits of bright heroes be most dear, When gentle evening breezes, vaft this song unto the ear. — Cho. 38 JUNIOR CLASS HISTORY. v W ITH a supplication to our patron, Bacchus of Freshman fame, and the burning of incense for our brothers who had gone the voyage at the end of June, our band of illustrious heroes heaved a heavy sigh as they embarked upon the unknown sea, of the Junior year. To us the Psychological reefs and the Greek rocks were alike unforeseen and we knew not what moment our craft might be stove in by a chemistry exam. In the past we had achieved such unprecedented success, that we had a perfect right to sigh. As Freshmen, we came, we saw, and scrapped with every- thing that came along. As Sophs, we crowned the “garnet and champagne’’ with lasting laurels. And as Juniors, we “hocked” our laurels and wept that the age of conquest was past. Dignity must now be our watchword. We must guy the Sophs, about their “ swiftness” in not getting up a cane-rush, and must teach the Freshmen to over-awe the Sophs. — all this without getting the slight enlargement of the head, as did the last year’s Juniors. This was a problem indeed and one for a mathematician to solve. — Please look it up in the “ Trig Tables, ” Page “ 60 ” We soon realized however that Junior spirit ran right in our veins. The age of teasing was passed and we determined to buckle down in everything — in studies and in college life proper. In athletics we are proud to state that this year some of our members won their “M” in Football, and in Basketball, our class team made a very creditable showing for numbers. In the Glee Club we are well repre- sented, while to the Dramatic Association, we lend especial color. But — and we are glad to say it — this is not all that can be attributed to our fully acclimated Juniors. Thegeniusof ’07 is many sided and in social circles is not at all amiss. The maiden has charms and the Junior has arms and in Cupid’s dashes he always leads the van. Of course, the maidens know a good thing when they see it. The crowning event of our Junior year, is the publication of this mighty and Herculean task, which is now before you. Upon it we have spent many, many hours of incessant toil and wasted many tons of coal for extra light. But we know that our endeavors will appear as a “ perfect” success, so that from the pages of the 1907 Ciarla, you may learn of what a collection of rare birds our class is made. 39 Junior Class. a Motto : “ Decus Summum Virtus ” Colors : Garnet and Champagne. YELL. Hoo, Rah, Rah ! Rip, Rah, Revkn ! Muhi.enberg, Muhlenberg ! Nineteen ’Seven ! OFFICERS. President, Vick President, Secretary, Treasurer, Historian, Monitor, First Term. William H. C. Laukr, Ambrose B. C. Hering, Russel C. Mauch, Edward T. Horn, H Leon Brkidenbach, William H. C. Lauer, Second Term. Edward T. Horn. Harold E. Kuhns. Jacob W. Bittner. Solomon J. Boyer. H. Leon Brkidenbach. W 7 . E. Schock MEMBERS. Name Home Address. College Address. Jacob W. Bittner, . Allentown, Pa., 319 North Eighth Street. Sophronia, Physics and Chemistry Club, Football Team, Artist Ciarla. Solomon J. Boyer, . . Allentown, Pa , 202 North Seventh Street. Sophronia, A T S2, Physics and Chemistry Club, Manager ( ' lass Basketball Team, Assistant Editor Ciarla. H. Leon Brkidenbach, . . Camden, N. J. Room 212 Berks Hall. Euterpea, A 0 , Physics and Chemistry Club, Football Team, Class Basket- ball Team, “ Nisbe ” in “A Night Off.” Glee Club, Dramatic Association, Business Manager Ciarla, Assistant Manager Football Team, Press Club. Willis F. Deibert, . . Schnecksville, Pa., 741 Turner Street. Euterpea, Assistant Editor-in-Chief Muhlenberg , Editor-in-Chief Ciarla, Press Club, Physics and Chemistry Club, Representative Intercollegiate Oratorical Union. Charles William Ettinger, . Allentown, Pa., 815 Chew Street. Sophronia, Dramatic Association, Lord Mulberry ” in “ A Night Off,” Physics and Chemistry Club. Assistant Editor Ciarla. Ambrose B. C. Hering, . . Kutztown, Pa., 302 Berks Hall. Sophronia, Physics and Chemistry Club, Artist Ciarla. 40 Edward Traill Horn, . Reading, Pa., Room no Berks Hall. Sophronia, Physics and Chemistry Club, Press Club, Dramatic Association, Assistant Editor Ciarla. Harold Edwin Kuhns, . . Egypt, Pa., Egypt, Pa. Euterpea, A 0 , Physics and Chemistry Club, Dramatic Association, Literary Editor Muhlenberg , Aitist Ciarla. William H. C. Lauer, . Blast Mauch Chunk, Pa., Room hi Berks Hall Sophronia, A 0 , “Susan” in “A Night Off,” Dramatic Association, Physics and Chemistry Club, Artist Ciarla, Class Basketball Team, Athletic Editor Muhlenberg . Harold K. Marks, . . Allentown, Pa , 43 North Jefferson Street. Sophronia, A ' I ' S 2 , Physics and Chemistry Club, Assistant Director Glee Club, Class Basketball Team, Dramatic Association, Assistant Editor Ciarla. Russell Charles Mauch, . Hellertown, Pa., Hellertown, Pa. Euterpea, A 0, Physics and Chemistry Club, “ Angelica ” in “ A Night Off,” Personal Editor Muhlenberg , Dramatic Association. Arthur Michler, . . Easton, Pa., 211 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Artist Ciarla, Assistant Manager Glee Club, Representative to Students’ Volunteer Convention at Nashville, Tenn. OLIVER Wendell NiCKUM, . . Allentown, Pa., 26 North Twelfth Street. Sophronia, Physics and Chemistry Club, Glee Club, Business Manager Muhlenberg , Dramatic Association. Harry James Peters, . Allentown, Pa., 42 South Madison Street. Sophronia, Physics and Chemistry Club, Captain Basketball Team, Captain Class Basketball Team. Walter E. Schock, . . . Mt. Zion, Pa., 111 Berks Hall. Sophronia, A 0 , Physics and Chemistry Club, Librarian Sophronia, Football Team, Class Basketball Team, Dramatic Association, Press Club. J. Myron Shimer, . Allentown, Pa., 737 Green Street. Sophronia, A 0 , Physics and Chemistry Club, Dramatic Association, Glee Club, Assistant Editor Ciarla. 4 1 Cast of Freshman Pray, Class 1907, “John Brag, Deceased.’ 43 Bittnkr. Fat as a whale, and walked as a swan . — Cha ucer. Because the writer is a greater biographer than Boswell and because the subjects of these biographies will be greater and more famous men than Dr. Johnson, I can safely predict that these biographies will in time become the world’s standard. It is therefore with no apology but heartfelt sympathy for the name and fame of Boswell that I open these sketches with one who is first in the class, considering it alphabetically spiritually, intellectually and morally. This man is Jacob Webster Bittner, who was born in Low- hill Township, Lehigh County. Pa., about twenty-three years ago. It may be remarked right here that Lowhill Township, is well named for instead of raising high mountains to obstruct the eyesight, to hinder agriculture and worst of all to inspire decidedly poor artists and poets, it raises herculean men, whose beauti- ful symmetr y of form and figure is not destroyed but enhanced by their elephantine proportions. Mr. Bittner attended the public schools of Lowhill, but, his parents moving to Allentown, he entered the American Business College from which he graduated with high honors, especially in penmanship. Conceiving the idea of becoming a minister, he prepared for Muhlenberg at the old Academic Department and entered Muhlenberg College in the Fall of 1903. Mr. Bittner is a ready and fluent speaker and his arguments naturally carry some weight. He is a member of Sophronia. He is a great missionary man and therefore we can predict that he will some day become a missionary. But this we hope will not happen, for Mr. Bittner looks so good, especially in the eyes of some cannibal, that in the course of his missionary career he might become a victim to those internal troubles so common to the heathen, and which can only be alleviated by some plump parson. 44 Solomon J. Boyer is a shining light of the Junior class in more ways than one. He was born in Mechanicsville, Lehigh County, about twenty years ago. Mechanicsville is a small place which is not given on a fairly large map of Pennsylvania. This is explained by the fact that it has produced Mr. Boyer. For, instead of pro- ducing the multitude of children common to country villages, the guardian angel of Mechan- icsville centers her affections upon one promising young child, endows it with the richest gifts she can bestow and thus rears a son worthy of herself and of whom she can be proud. With a wise foresight the parents of this child named him Solomon. The family of Mr. Boyer moving to Allentown some years ago, he became a pupil in the city schools and graduated from the Allentown High School in 1903. In the Fall of the same year he entered the Freshman class of Muhlenberg College. On account of his personality he at once became a popular student. His only drawback in the eyes of certain professors is that he is very forgetful and is given to wandering aimlessly about the classroom. Mr. Boyer says that he will become a lawyer and he certainly has the making of one. In argument he is clear, concise, and to the point, and by his logic has undermined the strongest pleas of his opponents. He is a staunch member of the Reformed Church and a “dyed-in-the-wool” Democrat. The defence of the principles and doctrines of the Reformed Church and of the Democratic party are his chief delight. He is however rapidly on the road to great wisdom, and, if he continues in this manner, King Solomon will have to rest his fame on the fact that he was the husband of a 1000 wives and give the laurels of wisdom to Mr. Boyer. He is a member of Sophronia and of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity. Boyf:r. I,ook lie ' s winding up the watch of his wit ; By and by it will strike — Shakespeai r . 45 Breidenbach. Anna-Marie, love, up is the sun, Anna-Marie, love, morn is begun, Mists are dispersing, love, birds singing free, Up in the morning, love, Anna-Marie. — Scott. H. Leon Breidenbach, businessman, student, singer, musician and society man, was born in Boyertown, Berks County, Pa., about nineteen years ago. He was carried to Philadelphia when a few months old. There he attended the public schools and Central High School of Philadelphia. Intending to enter Muhlenberg, he prepared for college at the Academic Department, from which he graduated in 1903. On his entrance into college he interested himself in athletics and played football on his class team and the ’varsity team. He is a singer of no mean ability and became a member of the Glee Club in his Freshman year. He is one of the business managers of the Ciarla, and the class showed great wisdom in electing him, for his intimate and close relations with Dr. Cooper, the treasurer of Muhlenberg College, has made a first-class business man of him. He is a good actor, taking the part of a girl with rare ability. Despite his short stature he has a large heart for everything feminine. He is an ardent admirer of woman, the greatest work of God. He has taken to heart the Biblical truth that “Whoso findeth a wife findeth a good thing.’’ By this we do not mean to say that he altogether neglects his studies for love. He is a good student, but Oh woman ! “ thou comest between me and those books too often.’’ We are sorry we could not learn the first name of this young man, but we have no doubt that it is as pretty as Leon. Mr. Breidenbach is the President of the Dramatic Association, Business Manager of the Muhlenberg , a member of the Euterpean Literary Society and of the Delta Theta fraternity. He expects to study Theology. 46 Deibekt. O what may man within him hide. Though angel on the outward side. — Shakespea re. Willis Franklin Deibert was born at Lehigh- ton, Pa., about twenty-three years ago. At the present time his residence is at Schnecksville, Pa. After attending the township public schools he entered the Keystone State Normal School. He was also a student of the Perkiomen Semi- nary. After teaching school for a few years where, as he himself says, no children were spoilt nor rods spared, he entered the Sopho- more class of Muhlenberg College in 1904. He became somewhat interested in athletics, playing on his class football team that year. He has distinguished himself however as the Editor in-Chief of this Ciakla. The success of the Ciarla is due in a large measure to his work. He is one of the class members who, of late, absent them- selves from class to the unconcealed chagrin of the professors. He is one of the two members of the class, Mr. Horn is the other, who visit Catasauqua with astonishing regularity. They embrace, pity and then endure, instead of endure, pity and embrace. Mr. Deibert expects to enter the ministry and this accounts probably for his great popularity especially among the girls. He is one of those who also sometimes becomes funny in the classroom. He is not often caught, for the professors do not expect any nonsense to come from such a seemingly quiet and dignified young man. At the present writing he is assistant Editor-iu-Chief of the Muhlenberg . By looking at Mr. Deibert’s picture one could not tell how much is expressed by that angelic smile, or how great a quantity of gray matter is concealed by that manly brow. 47 Ettingkr. O man ! While in th } 7 early years, How prodigal of time, Misspending all thy precious hours, Thy glorious youthful prime ! — Burns . Charles William Ettinger, was born in Lynn- ville, Lehigh County, about eighteen years ago. After attending the public schools of Lynn Town- ship, his parents moved to Allentown, where he attended the city schools. But his parents intending him to enter Muhlenberg sent him to the Academic Department of the college. In the Fall of 1903, he entered the class of 1907. He at once became one of the fellows, was interested in his studies and all kinds of college sport and played on his class football team. His only fault is that he is so very often subject to fits of ennui. In the classroom he is sometimes humorous and is often a source of trouble to the Professors. He is however seldom caught in any of his pranks for nature has endoned him with such a dark complexion that he is literally “ born to blush unseen.” He is a great admirer of the fair sex and is one of the ‘‘ lady men ” of the class. He responed to a toast on “ The Ladies” at our Sophomore banquet. A study of the history of the French language occupies his spare moments. He believes that everything we have, even we ourselves have been evolved from the animals. He says that whenever he can not pronounce a French word he gives a kind of grunt and he most always pronounces the word right. Now in the animal world the hog is the “boss” grunter and so he arrives at the astounding conclusion that French is but a well developed and improved hog language. Sophronia and the Dramatic Associ- ation claim this prodigy as a member. He expects to become a Democrat. 48 Hering. The herring loves the merry moonlight. — Scott. Ambrose Benjamin Charles Hering, was born in Mill Creek, Berks County, Pa., about twenty years ago. He attended the public schools of Maxatawny Township, but, wishing to gain a higher education, he attended the Keystone State Normal School, from which school he graduated in 1903. After taking a post-graduate course in the same school he entered the Sophomore class of Muhlenberg College in 1904. Here the fellows at once began to call him “ fish,” and the name has since clung to him. This cognomen he has born with a patience that is commendable. This name of ” fish ” is unjustifiable for although he has the name of Hering, the herr- ing is a small fish and Mr. Hering expects to become a large “ fish ” some day. The fish is also a mute animal and Mr. Hering is far from being mute. Although the boys only call him this in a spirit of fun, some have even gone so far as to classify him, but, when a certain professor called him a mermaid, his great patience was well nigh exhausted. Mr. Hering is a good orator, and his perform- ances under Dr. Ochsenford are always of the highest type. He becomes extremely witty at times and the high sounding English he uses in one of his fits of humor would be a credit to any English professor. He is a great admirer of President Roosevelt and he has set up this gentleman as his ideal. He has read all of the President’s productions from ‘‘The Strenuous Life” to ‘‘The Man with the Muck-rake.” Mr. Hering expects to become an eniment Lutheran divine, and we all wish him the greatest success. Some of the jokers think he ought to join the Baptists for with that “ watery ” sect he would be in his natural element. He is a member of Sophronia. 49 Edward Traill Horn was born in Charles- ton, South Carolina about eighteen years ago. In 1897 his parents moved from the sunny south to Reading, the County seat of Berks County and chief pretzel town of America. He attended the public schools and High School of Reading and entered Muhlen- berg College in 1904, Allentown. Especially the female part of it, received him with open arms, and well might they, for this young man is the Adonis, the best looking fellow in the class. O reader, gaze upon this handsome youthful countenance and then imagine a time, not many years hence, when this sweet young thing will be bound to a woman who might : Horn. Beautiful as sweet, and young as beautiful. — Young . Comb his noddle with a three-legg d stool, And paint his face, and use him like a fool. Although Mr. Horn is taking the Classical course of the c ollege, he expects to become a doctor, who will be a monster to the very young, the ruin of the father with a large unhealthy family, and the consoler, with the aid of bread pills and colored water, of bedridden spinsters. Mr. Horn is an epicure, and a chafing dish occupies a prominent place in his room. His favorite study is French. In this language he has progressed far enough to make a fairly good recitation. He does not at all agree with Mr. Ettinger on the question of the origin of the French language, but believes that it was the first spoken language and that it was used by the serpent in the garden of Eden when he tempted Eve. Mr. Horn is at the present time, President of Sophronia and the Press Club, and Secretary and Treasurer of the Dramatic Association. 5 ° Kuhns. Why did she love him ? Curious fool, be still; Is human love the growth of human will ? Byron. Near the thriving town of Egypt about nine- teen years ago this young man was born. His environment was peculiarly conducive to the good health of an infant. When one is raised in an atmosphere decidedly Hungarian and is nightly lulled to sleep by sweet songs in liquid Slavonian, which music is oftimes interspersed by the sounds of blows and shouts and crashing window panes, we can easily understand why the face of this young man is immovable, why it is that the jars and vicissitudes of student life have been unable to move him. His has been a various life. After attending the public schools of Whitehall Township, he entered the Allentown High School. Under the gentle ministrations of those sweet young things that attend the High School, he was transformed into a perfect society man. In 1903 he graduated from the High School with honors. He then entered the Freshman class of Muhlenberg College. Taking the part of an old lady in the Freshman play, he soon became recognized as an actor and his stage name of “ Seraphina ” has clung to him ever since. He is an officer of the Egypt Sunday School, a leading member of the Missionary Society, a pillar of the Church and a loyal Democrat. He is a loyal, hard-working student, and is especially interested in those studies which are necessary for his training as a teacher. He is a member of theEuterpean Literary Society and has been the pianist of the same for many terms. At the present writing he is the Literary Editor of the Muhlenberg . He is an officer of the Dramatic Association and a member of the Delta Theta fraternity. 51 Lauer. It warms me, it charms me to mention but her name : It heats me, it beats me, and sets me a’ on flame ! -Burns. Reader, the name of this gentleman is as long as his face. It is William Henry Christian Lauer. Do not however think that we, his classmates, call him all that, for us he is just plain everyday “ Bill.” Bill, by the way, is a very singular young man. He is genial, good- natured, frank and hard working. He tells us that he was born about twenty-one years ago in Frackville, and that Frackville in consequence rose to the position of an important town in Schuylkill County. When Bill was three years old his parents moved to Millersville, Lancaster County, where Bill was sent to the Model School of the Millersville State Normal School. He afterwards attended the public schools of Scranton. As he grew older he showed a liking for the ministry, so he was sent to C. C. I. at Mauch Chunk to prepare for Muhlenberg. In the Fall of 1903, he entered the class of 1907. He was at once noted for his quiet, retiring manner, his dignity and his beauty of form. It is said that Dr. Herbst fell in love with him at first sight and Bill reciprocating the affection, became one of the honored doctor’s most industrious students. Bill worked under Dr. Herbst with a will, and mastering the principles of physical culture, took first honor in the annual physical culture contest of the college. Beneath that shining dress suit, O reader, are concealed muscles of iron. In the Gymm. he excites the admiration of all who behold him. The unsophisticated Freshmen regard him with the same degree of awe and v eneration as a champion prize fighter is regarded by a set of newsboys. As is the case with a few of our famous strong men, he has a fiqe artistic temperament. He is a member of Sophronia, the Press Club, the Dramatic Association, and the Delta Theta fraternity. 52 Marks. Rare compound of oddity, frolic, and fun! — Goldsmith. He may not look it, but the “ funny bone ” of this gentleman is abnormally developed. He is Harold K. Marks, who was born about twenty years ago at Emaus, Pa. How a lively and witty young fellow as this should have been born in the sleepy old town of Emaus is beyond our com- prehension. The redeeming feature of the whole mess is that his parents moved to Allentown shortly afterwards. He attended the public schools of Allentown and graduated from the Allentown High School in 1903. He then entered Muhlenberg College. From the moment he entered College he took a deep interest in athletics and was elected the captain of his class football team for two seasons. He is a fine singer, sings in the College Glee Club and is a fairly good musician. This musical trait in his character is the only thing in which he resembles his father. As for his other traits — the old adage “like father, like son’’ does not hold true in this case. The German recitation room is the scene of his performances. It is here that he lets out his superfluous amount of youthful energy. His favorite and most natural piece of acting is his mimic of the inhabit- ant from his native Emaus on beholding the National Bank building for the first time. Whenever he becomes too boisterous, the doctor silences him by threaten- ing to tell his father. This fact justifies his father for any action he may have at any time taken to repress the over exuberant spirits of his son. For all his fool- ishness Mr. Marks is a very popular fellow. He captivates the hearts of all who meet him, because of his pleasing manner. He is a member of Sophronia, the Dramatic Association and of the Alpha Tau Omega fraternity. 53 Mauch. Scarce on thy chin the springing beard began To spread a doubtful down, and promise man — Prior (adapted). Behold, reader, one of the brightest men of our class, Russel Charles Mauch. Mr. Mauch, was born in Bethlehem about nineteen years ago, but has been living at that famous winter-resort, Hellertown, for some years. He attended the public schools of his village, graduated from its High School with honors in 1903, he then came to Muhlenberg, and entered the class of 1907, of which he has ever since been a good and loyal member. Mr. Mauch is not an ordinary fellow, he is a man of abilities, among which may be mentioned his ability to deliver orations, to take the part of an actress, to recite Latin without preparation, to study French and Greek, to flirt with the fair damsels, and lastly but not leastlv, to not overwork himself. He is a good, industrious student and is very fond of carrying books. He does not easily get excited, but is one of those easy-going fellows. His favorite expression is “when I am good and ready.’’ As stated, Mr. Mauch is a good actress, he took a leading part in the class play and is an active member of the Dramatic Association. He is very much interested in Literature, Politics and Theology, and it is doubtful which course he will pursue in his life ' s pro- fession. At present, Mr. Mauch is the President of Euterpea and Personal Editor of the Muhlenberg . He is a loyal Democrat, he heartily sympathizes with the miners at present from the fact that the people do not need much coal in Heller- town. Not only does Mr. Mauch strive to develop himself mentally, but, as is customary, he is very careful that the social department does not suffer. What- ever may be his future calling in life, we have the best wishes for his success. 54 Michler. His heed was balled, that shoon as any glas. — Chaucer. Arthur Thomas Michler was born about twenty-five years ago at Easton, Northampton County Pa. He attended the public schools of Easton and the Easton Academy from which place he graduated in 1 903. He then entered Lafayette College and completed the Freshman and Sophomore years at this place. In the Fall of 1905 he entered the Junior class of Muhlen- berg College, coming just in time to have his picture put in the Ciarla. He was thereby one necessary to make the class complete. We had law, the ministry, the medical and all the professions represented but we had no philosopher until Mr. Michler came. He philosophizes on existence in general and on evolution in particular. He says that the great gulf between man and the brute is not physical, but psychical ; that man has some of the characteristics of the animal. “ When the ape takes his ease he does so by means of his tail, it is indispensible for his comfort. When in the evening a man goes to a ball, he wears a dress suit, which is adorned with two tails, and it is then that he feels at his best. A woman at the same ball wears a gown, the skirt of which is not cut a la rainy-day.” “ This train,” argues Mr. Michler, “ is nothing but, figuratively speaking, a tail.” Who would deny the logic of this whole assertion? By a close inspection of Mr. Michlers picture we can see that the hair on top of his head ‘ ‘ are conspicuous by their absence.” This, instead of disconcerting him, makes him a few degrees more chesty ever since a member of the bald headed fraternity won the hand of the most prominent young lady in the world, Miss Roosevelt. Woman does not interfere with his peace of mind, for he thinks her a thing of beauty but a jaw forever and so judiciously avoids her. Mr. Michler is a member of Euterpea. 55 Nickum. I have neither wit, nor words, nor worth, Action, nor utterance, nor power of speech, To stir men’s blood; I only speak right on. — Shakespeare . Oliver Wendell Holmes Nickum was born about nineteen years ago, choosing Hellertown as his place of birth. He attended the public schools of Hellertown until 1896 when he moved to Allentown. Here he attended the city schools and in 1903 was graduated from the Allentown High School. He then entered the Freshman class of Muhlenberg College. He was a partici- pant in all the class affairs and took the leading male part in the Freshman play. He scored a great success by his good acting. He has some business ability and good sound judgment. What better proof of his judgment is there than that he chose the pretty little town of Hellertown as the place where he should first see the light. He is of a pleasing address and possesses some dignity, and these facts got for him the appointment by the College to journey over Pennsylvania in quest of new students. He is Business Manager of the Muhlenberg , and through his tireless energy, the editions of the Muhlenberg have been classified and put in their proper place. He is not selfish with the knowledge he has and is willing to impart any or all of it to some one less fortunate than he. It is this characteristic that has earned for him the title of Instructor of Chemistry. He is one of the very few who study French and thus always knows his lessons. When any questions arise in French which no one knows they are referred to him as a last resort. His is a person full of ideas of how things are and how they should be, and sometimes he tries his hand at inventing. He is a member of Sophronia, of the Dramatic Association and a now silent partner in one of our town drug stores. 56 Harry J. Peters, nicknamed “Pete,” the owner of this handsome picture was born about twenty- two years ago in Philadelphia. Sometime after- wards his parents moved to Allentown. Here he attended the city schools, and in June 1902 he graduated from the Allentown High School with honors, receiving the Muhlenberg Scholar- ship. Accordingly he entered the Freshman class of Muhlenberg College. For a time he was a good student, but, he was attacked by that fatal disease, a mixture of laziness and indifference, to which so many students succumb. He takes however a great interest in athletics and is the best basketball player at Muhlenberg. He is also chief twirler for the Muhlenberg baseball team when it is in existence. He is the most easy going fellow at the College, taking the gentlemen’s special course. Mr. Peters has so often been accused of riding, but this is not the exception, most of the fellows at college belong to the cavalry. Mr. Peters has not yet learned that time and tide wait for no man. Bells for class may ring, but Pete hears them not, he has a time of his own which is not standard time He simply “ floats” or drifts into class any time he feels like it, and, although the eyes of the professors may assume the proportions of saucers, the vacant gaze of Mr. Peters cools the rising ire. He sometimes brings a dog to school and this dog has a new name every time he, she, or it makes his, her, or its appearance. Peters is very much attached to this dog and next to the dog he is attached to the girls. He always has a warm heart for the opposite sex. If only some of this warmth would be lavished 011 text books ! Sophronia is trying to keep this lamb from wandering away from the fold. Peters. An idler is a watch that wants both hands ; As useless if it goes as when it stands. — Cowper. 57 SCHOCK. God bless him ! Is he sleeping still ? — Goethe When the reader looks upon the face of this calm young man, he or she will most probably exclaim : Dear me ! who is that? This is Walter Edmund Sehock who was born at Bernville, Berks County, Pa., about twenty-one years ago. Now Bernville is a rather lively place for its size, and, as the family of this young man received ano ther Sclioek they decided to move to a more quiet place. So when Walter was one year old they moved to Mt. Zion. The new place was all that could be expected, no event of any importance ever disturbed the “noiseless tenor of their way.’’ Even the Fourth of July or the occasional advent of some wandering Italian with a bear did not affect them. When Mr. Sehock was old enough, he attended the public schools of Mt. Zion and in the Spring of 1902 he was sent to the Academic Department of Muhlenberg College. In 1903 he entered the F ' reshman class of the College. Here his equally balanced temperament became at once the admiration and wonder of his classmates. In the Freshman play he occupied the stage when the curtain rose for the first act, and, although he was assailed by all kinds of green goods, he was as cool and collected as the cucumbers thrown at him. He played on the football team of his class, and in the roughest scrimmage he still retained his equilibrium. He is the most graceful flunker that we have ever seen, when everything he makes a guess at, is wrong, he does not move a muscle and seems to regard it as an every- day occurrence. The only thing that can move Mr. Sehock is a pretty girl, but even then he needs a good deal of encouragement. Mr. Sehock is a member of Sophronia, the Press Club, Dramatic Association and the Delta Theta fraternity. 53 Shimrr. Full longe were liis legges, and ful lene, Y-lyk a staf, there was no calf y-sene. — Chaucer . Last but not least I beg to present Mr. Janies Myron Shinier, the “ sounding brass and the tinkling cymbal of the class. He was born in Shimersville, Lehigh County, Pa., about twenty-four years ago. His early life was not very eventful, and, when we first hear of him, he is graduated from the Bangor High School with first honor in the year 1901. He prepared for Muhlenberg at the old Academic Department. In 1903 he entered that class whose name shall become famous, not for the quantity but the superior quality of its members. Think of the numberless sermons our Latin professor will pour into the ears of future Freshmen with this memorable class as the one great unending theme. Then truly can we exclaim with Horace : “I have raised a monument more enduring than brass.” Mr. Shinier is also one of the chameleons — -might I say ? — of the class. He is student, orator, business man, actor, and society man. As business man he has financiered most of the financial operations of the class with success. He has distinguished himself as an actor in the Freshman Play. As a society man his chief delight is to court widows of the sod variety. Mr. Shinier also played football on his class team. He is a member of Sophronia, of the Delta Theta fraternity, and expects to become a lawyer. With this one, the last member of the class, these sketches cease. When this handsome class will go to the ends of the earth, the number of hearts they will carry with them will be a mooted question. But I know that many a fair Allentown rose will be blown in melodious sorrow on that mournful occasion. 59 SONNET ON 1907. v Y OUTH ' S gushing heart so full of present glee And fuller still of future’s brighter dreams, A share of sorrow’s tears its own ne’er deems, But hopes to sail its voyage blithe and free. No need to youth for Hebe’s gift can be, Which like the linnet thus with mirth e’er teems, And like June’s fragrant fields with gladness beams, Till out its bark glides on life’s troubled sea. Dear nineteen-seven the joys of youth all knows, Her greatest joy is loyal fellowship Which thrives in hearts that beat harmoniously ; To her, warm gratitude each loving son bestows For friendship ' s gracious boon, with heart and lip, And cherishes true love most cheerfully. 60 6i CLASS SONG. v (Tune : “ Lucy Linda Lady.”) NCE there came a plucky class to Muhlenberg grand, Which loved to bore — The Sophomore. Our opposing classmen are convinced we’re the sand, And their bunch is always sore. One cold night we sallied forth with hearts brave and true, Just to show our banner to the sky, Just to show the Sophomores our Orange and Blue. On we marched to conquer or to die, And next day we heard the Sophies sigh When they saw our colors float on high. Chorus. Do our eyes deceive us, surely we can see, What doth float above us, colors of Freshmen floating so free. They will make us crazy, they have spirit true, It is hard to conquer Orange and Blue. We are first in everything that we undertake, We love to tease — Do as we please. Every time we move we make the upper classmen shake, At our icy glance they freeze ; In football they thought they had us easy and sure, But we made them hustle for their goal. We gave them a tonic which always will cure, And soon had the “ Beef Trust ” in control. In their history they dare only place Five measly points crouched in a narrow space. — Cho. We have stood throughout the year defiant to all, Through thick and thin — We always win. We stick as close together as molasses to the wall, E’en though in the battle’s din. We leave F ' reshmen frolics with hearts very sad, But will ne’er forget the memories past, To our sturdy students Greek and Latin’s a fad, And in mathematics we’re quite fast, Now, kind friends, these parting words to you, Don’t tamper with the Orange and Blue. — C ho. 62 SOPHOMORE CLASS HISTORY. e O N September 15, 1905, the Class of 1908 for a second time in its history- gathered within the halls of its Alma Mater. The class had just been strengthened by the addition of five good strong men, Anthony, Cole- man, Krause, Paules, and Stump. On the afternoon of that day all were assembled at a class meeting to decide upon the course to be pursued during the coming year. After disposing of different affairs there came up the subject of how to deal with the Freshmen. It was first decided to show them their proper place and give them certain rules whereby to regulate their conduct. Then the matter was brought forward as to what should be done to. them in Athletics and this can better be presented in the exact words of the speakers. The first remarks were by a member who usually said very little but who always meant what he said. Addressing the chair he began, “ ‘ ’Tis true, ’ tis pity, pity ’tis, ’tis true.’ But there’s no help for it. Why only last year we far surpassed the Class of 1907 and now we must measure up to our old standard and do the same to the Freshmen.” After due deliberation of these words by the other members, a second speaker arose. “ Mr. President, I heartily agree with the gentleman before me in saying that we must conquer them, but I do not believe in annihilating them in the first battle. Consider that they have come here fresh from their mothers laps and for them to receive such a crushing blow at the very beginning of their career would so dishearten them that they would never recover. Therefore I propose that in the contest on the gridiron we be a little easy and give them at least the resemblance of a victory while at the same time we play in such a manner so as to leave no doubt that we are the superior. In this way we may possibly lose a slight honor, but we would preserve our opponents for a contest in basketball where we would be able to so completely defeat them as to gain many times over all we had previously lost.” When the speaker had ceased he was loudly applauded for his liberal policy and a third speaker was called upon. ” Mr. President, the remarks just offered I think most wise, but I wish to say in addition, that in order to remove all doubt as to our ability, which may exist in the minds of any one, we not only defeat the Freshmen in basketball but every other team we may meet.” 63 Such also were the sentiments of the other members and that policy was decided upon for the year. When the day for the Freshman-Sophomore football game came around there was assembled a large number of Allentonians to witness the contest. Little did they think that it had all been planned out beforehand who should win and just what the score should be. During the first part of the game, both sides played strenously, and it wasn’t long before the Sophomores had two touchdowns. Now this was as high as they had planned that the score should go so they purposely avoided kicking the goals. Then back and forth they played over the field first allowing the Freshmen to gain then forcing them back again. After they permitted them to make two touchdowns and two goals so as to be ahead by just two points, the Sophomores played around them merely to kill time. On one occasion they carried the ball within a few feet of the goal. It was a great temptation not to carry it over and win the game, but their strong, good sense prevailed and the Freshmen were allowed to enjoy their empty honor. Of the basketball contest little remains to be said. The first game was played to test the strength of the Freshmen and ended in a tie. Then followed two victories over the Juniors and two over the Freshmen. This made the Sophomores the champions of the college. Not yet being satisfied with their laurels they won two brilliant victories over the strong team of Bethlehem Preparatory School. The next event of note was the Sophomore banquet. Living up to the unwritten law in this matter, the class went out of towm, holding it at the New Bingham Hotel, in Philadelphia. The affair was enjoyed by all, not only on account of the banquet itself, but the vast amount of knowledge gathered from the sights in the city. Of such an extent was this that the Faculty thought it w ' ise to give us a week off to assimilate the knowledge gained. Historian. [ This “ unwritten law ” was annulled by the precedent of the class of 1907. — Editor.] Sophomore Class. Colors : Orange and Blue. Sophomore Class. V Motto : “ Mas Vale Saber que Haber. ' YELL. Room, Chica, Boom ! Boom, Chica, Boom ! Boom, Chica, Ric ! Chica, Raec ! Chica, Room ! • Ric, Rac, Rate ! Ric, Rac, Rate ! Muhlenberg, Muhlenberg ! Nineteen ’Eight ! President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, Historian, Monitor, . OFFICERS. First Term. F. L. Coleman, H. L. Y. Seyler, P. H. Rudh, H. S. Paulks, H. A. Weaver, H. A. Weaver, Second Term A. M. Stump. C. T. Jacks. L. P. Umbenhauer H. S. Paulks. H. A. Weaver. J. W. Anthony. MEMBERS. Name. Home Address. William Henry Ainey, Jr., . . Allentown, Sophronia. College Address. 2 i i Berks Hall. James Wpisley Anthony, . . Little Gap, 307 Berks Hall. Sophronia. Sem Grim Beck, .... Hecktown, 306 Berks Hall. Euterpea, A T 12 , Press Club, Sophomore Football Team. Fred Leroy Coleman, . . Lebanon, 400 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Press Club, Halevy French Club, College Football Team, College Basketball Team, Sophomore Football Team, Sophomore Basketball Team. William Ferdinand DeiberT, . . Lansford, 21 1 Berks Hall. Sophronia, College Basketball Team, Sophomore Football Team, Sophomore Basketball Team. Charles Thomas Jacks, . . Allentown, 17th and Linden Streets. Sophronia, A 0 , Glee Club, Dramatic Association. 66 Charges Robert Keiter, . . . Bethlehem, 218 W. Broad Street. Sophronia, A T i2, College Basketball Team, Sophomore Football Team, Soph- omore Basketball Team. Morris Wilt,iam Krause, . . Kempton, 741 Turner Street, Allentown. Euterpea, Sophomore Football Team. George Kuhl, .... Allentown. 456 Walnut Street. Sophronia, A T S 2 , Glee Club, Sophomore Football Team, Sophomore Basket- ball Team. Franklin Hower Marsh, . . Danielsville, 212 Berks Hall. Sophronia, A 0 . Howard Samuel Paules, . . . Bethlehem, 202 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Press Club, Sophomore Football Team, Sophomore Basketball Team. Paul Herman Rudh, . . . Brooklyn, N. Y. 107 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Sophomore Football Team. Ralph Hinkle SchaTz, . . . Allentown, 440 Hamilton Street. Sophronia, A T 12 , Dramatic Association, “ Harry Da ask” in ‘‘A Night Off,” Sophomore Football Team. Harry L. Y. Seyler, . . Reading, 107 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Dramatic Association. Alered Milton Stump, . . . Kutztown. 202 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Press Club, College Football Team, College Basketball Team, Sophomore Football Team, Sophomore Basketball Team. Deroy P. Umbenhauer, . . Reading, 309 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Dramatic Association, Sophomore Football Team, Sophomore Basketball Team. Herbert A. Weaver, . . . Mauch Chunk, 400 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Sophomore Football Team, Halevy French Club. Warren Allen Ziegeneuss, . . Aquashicola, 318 Rhodes Hall. Sophronia. 67 The Freshman 68 CLASS SONG. v (Tune: — “J uanita.”) D ADIANT in glory Float our colors, White and Blue, And tell in story Of our warriors true. We are all united And stand firm in a line, Our faith we’ve plighted To our nineteen-nine. Chorus. Classmates, dear classmates Come, we all will join in line. Classmates, dear classmates Of our nineteen-nine. Matchless the praises That the echoes to us bring And all the hallways With our voices ring, With anthems swelling To our Alma Mater dear All glad ' y telling Of our sojourn here. — C ho. Out from the shadow Of these dear old classic halls We will encounter Tasks where duty calls, Still in song and story Will their gladsome praises ring, Of our fame and glory, Which with us we bring. — C ho. 69 FRESHMAN CLASS HISTORY. v O N the fourteenth of September, 1905, there appeared as the members of the Freshman class twenty-eight of the most talented and respectable human specimens that ever graced the halls of Muhlenberg. Excelling in the disentangling of Latin and Greek sentences and in the demonstration of Wentworth, they have proved to be a galaxy of the most brilliant and gifted students, — eclipsed by no other class in intelligence. Not alone in intellectual capacity have their personal qualities been manifested. This class has also been productive of that more strenuous class of characters, whose delight is to contend in feats of strength and prowess. These displayed their metal in fine style in the annual football game between the Freshman and Sophomore classes, — when for the first time in many }’ears the former proved victorious. The first half of the game ended in victory for the Sophs, who had scored ten points, while the Freshmen had only six to their credit. Defeat, moreover, was not a source of discouragement to the Freshman eleven, but a stimulus to greater effort. On they went a second time, spurred by the vigorous cheering of their classmates, and never despairing ! Valor received its reward, — for who bore off the laurels but the Freshmen ! Score 12 — 10. All hail to the mighty Freshmen, Who little boast, but act : May they win in every battle By their prowess, skill and tact. To celebrate this victory, we took ‘ a night off’ to the famous Duck Farm Hotel, where an ‘ amplissimae epulae ’ was indulged in to the enjoyment of all. After Appetite was appeased, toasts given, and the remainder of the time spent in frivolity, we set out for town where we paraded in a body through the principal streets, disturbing far and wide peaceful ‘ Sleep ’ then reigning supreme, by vigorous class-yells, songs and war-whoops. Although most of us received the usual flunks the next day, the event was not productive of any permanent evil results ; and it will ever be numbered among the fondest recollections of our Freshman year. Our class has also produced several star basketball players, who rendered our class team not only very strong and fast, but also contributed a great amount of backbone to the ’Varsity team. Present indications point to a very successful Freshman play this year. There is some fine talent in the class, which is bound to make it a laudable and excellent production. Historian. Freshman Class. Motto: “ Veritatis Cultores. ' Freshman Class. (f YELL. Rip, Rah, Rine ! Rip, Rah, Rine! Muhlenberg, Muhlenberg! Nineteen ’Nine. Colors : Blue and White. President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, Historian, Monitor, OFFICERS. Fin st Term Francis H. Smith, John E. Albert, Edgar V. Nonamaker, Chester H. Rhodes, J. Warren Fritsch, Dallas F. Green, Second Term. F ' rancis H. Smith, Frederick J. Wilt, Edgar V. Nonamaker, Chester H. Rhodes, J. Warren Fritsch, Dallas F. Green. MEMBERS. Name Home Address College Address John E. Albert, .... Monaca, Pa., 300 Berks Hall. Euterpea, Football Team, Basketball Team, Class Football and Basketball Teams. Harry G. Bender, .... Allentown, Pa., 335 North Sixth Street. Football Team, Class F ' ootball Team. James A. Bossard, . Allentown, Pa , 507 J orth Seventh Street. Sophronia, A T !2, Class Football Team, Class Basketball Team. Allen W. BUTZ, .... Allentown, Pa., Sophronia, Football Team, Class F ' ootball Team. Floyd L. Eichner, Euterpea. Nevin P. Fegely, Freemansburg, Pa., Cementon, Pa., J. Warren Fritsch, Sophronia, Class Historian. Dallas F. Green, Sophronia, Class Football Team. Benjamin L- Grossman, Allentown, Pa., Little Gap, Pa., Catasauqua, Pa., 1521 yi Turner Street. Freemansburg, Pa. Cementon, Pa. 30 North Eighth Street 316 Rhoads Hall. Catasauqua, Pa. 72 Allentown, Pa., 430 Allen Street. George B. Hamm, Soplironia. William K. Huff, . . . Sellersville, Pa., Euterpea. Rufus E. Kern, .... East Greenville, Pa., Euterpea. Robert F. Kijne, • . • Allentown, Pa , Sophronia, A T il, Freshman Football Team. Chas. A. Laubach, .... Nazareth, Pa., Euterpea. Frederick A Marcks, . . . Emaus, Pa., Kistler’s. 302 Berks Hall. 122 North Fifth Street. 322 Rhoads Hall. Emaus, Pa. Chas. McCormick, .... Allentown. Pa. A 6. Carbin C. Miller, . . . Coplay, Pa., Coplay, Pa. Sophronia, A 0, Glee Club, Football Team, Basketball Team, Class Football and Basketball Teams. Edgar V. Nonamaker, Sophronia, A TO, Football Team, C Chester H. Rhodes, Euterpea, A T il. Ralph R. Rudolph, . Sophronia, A T 12, Basketball Team, Roger R. Rupp, .... A 0, Class Football Team. Walter C. Sandt, Euterpea, A 0, Class Football Team, Volunteer Convention. Harold W. Schoenberger, Euterpea, A 0. J. Calvin Schugar, .... Euterpea. Francis Hobson Smith, Sophronia, A T 12, Football Team, G Teams. Bedmiuster. Pa., 314 Berks Hall, lass Football Team. Gouldsboro, Pa., 312 Berks Hall Allentown, Pa., 545 Union Street. Class Football and Basketball Teams. Lehighton, Pa., Kistler ' s. Philadelphia, Pa. 305 Berks Hall. Glee Club, Representative to Student’s Siegfried, Pa , 300 Berks Hall. Alburtis, Pa., Aiburtis, Pa. Pottstown, Pa., 210 Berks Hall, ee Club, Class Basketball and Football Jesse L. Stettler, Euterpea, A T i l. Frederick J. Wilt, Euterpea. Peter n. Wohlsen, Euterpea, Class Football Team. Wyomissing, Pa., South Bethlehem, Pa , Lancaster, Pa., 312 Berks Hall. South Bethlehem, Pa. 300 A Berks Hall. 73 THE FRESHMEN. (With Apologies to Holmes ) V I’VE heard them oft before, A As they thumped by the door, And again The corridors resound As the noisy echoes bound Back amain. They say that ne’er a class, Void of freshness and of brass, Entrance made Nor here nor there in all the land ; Freshmen e’er the self same brand Have displayed. Quite oft they walk the streets, And each looks at all he meets With great eyes, For somehow each little head Felt it ought, by error led, To look wise. The} ' never are at rest, But they always do their best To make noise ; Noise they all delight to hear, If deprived, shed many a tear, These young boys. My grandmamma has said — Poor old lady ! she is dead Long ago — That the good Lord only knows Why the Earth such creatures grows, Green and slow. And now they seem to grin, Bent the football game to win, And like chaff Scatter all the Sophomores ; As hoped, so done, and O how coarse Now they laugh ! 74 It can not be a sin For me to sit and grin At them so ; Freshmen one should never hear, Little see throughout the year, Scarcely know. So now, my freshies dear, Heed the lesson which you hear Ne’er be loud ; But your wiser friends let speak, Kindly check improper cheek, Heads low bowed. 75 7 EUTERPEA. LEAR and bright there looms above the literary horizon of Muhlenberg an everlasting monument to the magnificent work achieved fry the sons of Euterpea. As undergraduates we stand and gaze in reverent awe at the time-worn inscriptions of her numerous sons who long before our time carved their names upon the monument of Euterpea’s greatness. To her, many of them owe a debt of deepest gratitude. Upon her rostrum they first felt their knees shake under them when they attempted to make their first speech ; and upon the same rostrum did they at the end of their course, in a most finished speech thank Euterpea for what they had gained within her walls. The Society Hall in the new Administration Building is admirable in size for the training of the voice in speaking and has a most finished appearance with the expensive carpet — the gift of active members and loyal alumni. And when it comes to books and a library, Euterpea again has a most prominent place. It is a library that would do honor to a separate library build- ing. And if only one of our alumni would become a Steel or Oil King, still another grand building would there be upon our beautiful College campus — a building approached by an immense flight of steps, flanked by a gallery of fame for her illustrious sons who have already achieved renown in life, and su rmounted by cupolas flying the royal banner of Euterpea with a field of nile green bearing in dainty pink, the motto : “ Watch and Advance ” — the stronghold of Euterpea. 77 Euterpean Hall. VWfflGHT, PHILA. EUTERPEAN LITERARY SOCIETY. v OFFICERS. President, Vice President, Recording Secretary, Corresponding Secretary, Critics, Chaplain, Pianist, Librarian, Assistant Librarian Russel C. Mauch. Howard S. Paules. Harry L. Y. Seyler. Alfred M. Stump. John D. M. Brown. Luther A. Pfleuger Frederick J. Wilt. . Harold E. Kuhns. Alfred M. Stump. Howard S. Paules. MEMBERS. 1906 . Thomas H. Bachman, J. Luther Reiter, John D. M. Brown, Milton H. N. Ritter, William S. Drey, Benjamin Lloyd Romberge Howard H. Krauss, Charles E. Rudy, G. Joseph Mueller, John W. B. Schantz, Luther a. Pfleuger, William B. Smith, Frederick A. Reiter, Leidy B. Sterner. 1907 . H. Leon Breidenbach, Harold E. Kuhns, Willis F. Deibert, Russel C. Mauch, Author T. Michler 1908 . Sem G. Beck, Paul H. Rudh, Fred. L. Coleman, Harry L. Y. Seyler, Morris W. Krause, Alfred M. Stump, Howard S. Paules, Herbert A. Weaver, Leroy P. Umbenhauer. 1909 . John E. Albert, Walter C. Sandt, Floyd L. Eichner, J Calvin Schugar, William K. Huff, Harold W. Schoenberger, Rufus E. Kern, Jesse L. Stettler, Charles A. Laubach, Frederick J. Wilt, Chester H. Rhodes, Peter N. Wohlsen. 79 SOPHRONIAN LITERARY SOCIETY. tt OFFICERS. President, . ; Vice President, Ceerk, Treasurer, Critics, Chaplain, Monitor, Corresponding Secretary, Pianist, August C. Karkau. Oliver W. Nickum. A. Charles R Keiter. Jacob W. Bittner. J. Myron Shimer. Earl T. Henninger- Warren A. Ziegenfus. William F. Deibert. Ralph H. Schatz. Preston A. Barba. MEMBERS. 1906. Preston A. Barba, Warren E. Bittner, Harry J. BuTz, Earl T. Henninger, 1907. Claude 0. Hoffman, August C. Karkau, Bryon W Faros, John S. Schneller. J. W. Bittner, Solomon J. Boyer, Charles W. Ettinger, Ambrose B. C. Hering, Edward T. Horn, Jr., J. Myron Shimer William H C. Lauer, Harold K. Marks, Oliver W. H. Nickum, Harry J. Peters, Walter E. Schock, 1908. James W. Anthony, William F. Deibert, Charles T. Jacks, A. Charles R. Keiter, 1909. George Kuhl, Frank H. Marsh, Ralph H. Schatz, Warren A. Ziegenfus. James A. Bossard, Allen W . Butz, J. Warren Fkitsch, Dallas F. Green, George B. Hamm, Robert F. Kline, Carbin C. Miller, Edgar V. Nonamaker, Ralph R. Rudolph, Francis H. Smith. 80 L - Phtl i . SOPHRONIA LITERARY SOCIETY. v S OPHRONIA was organized in eighteen hundred and sixty-seven. Luther J. Swope, now a professor at Hanover was elected as its first President. Its purpose was to improve the natural ability of ready extemporaneous speaking and to cultivate the art of oratory. The Society held its first regular meetings in the recitation rooms of the college. When, however, the society had made sufficient progress both in a literary and financial manner, it secured the hall facing the West in the college building and thereafter occupied it until December 1905, when all its furnishings and its library were removed to Greater Muhlenberg. Here again they are in a home which faces the West, the direction of progress. And progress was made too, for in less than a year’s time she was contemplat- ing a change in her new home. Accordingly with the aid of her alumni and active members she was able to change the entire appearance of her home, so that now it presents a very fine appearance and reflects credit on the Society. Her motto : “The End Crowns the Work,” has been her watchword ever since her organization and it has been exemplified many times by her alumni. Her library, which now consists of nearly three thousand volumes, embraces works 011 art, religion, science, history, fiction, biograph} ' and philosophy. This furnishes a ready reference for the members of the Society. New books are added continually. Sophronia has many good reasons to feel proud of her past ; for it was through many trials that she was finally able to realize her glory and appreciate what she now has. May all her sons always realize the fact that they must work to attain an end and remember too, that, “ The End Crowns the Work.” Si Sophrontan Halt.. Muhlenberg Staff. MUHLENBERG STAFF a EDITORS-IN-CHIEF. First Term. Second Term. John D. M. Brown, ’06. August C. Karkau, ’06. ASSISTANT EDITORS-IN-CHIEF. August C. Karkau, ’06. Willis F. Deibert, ' 07. ALUMNI EDITOR. George T. Ettinger, Ph. D., ’80. Luther A. Pflueger, ’06. Earle T. Henninger, ’o6. . H. Leon Breidenbach, ’c6. Preston A. Barba, ’06. John W. B. Schantz, ' 06. ASSOCIATE EDITORS. Exchange Personal Athletic Literary . BUSINESS MANAGERS. Preston A. Barba, ’06. Russel C. Mauch, ’07. William H. C. Lauer, ’07. . Harold E. Kuhns, ’07. O. W. Nickum, ’07. President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, PRESS CLUB. OFFICERS. John D. M. Brown, ’06. Edward T. Horn, ’07. . . . . Frederick A. Reiter, ’06. Walter E. Schock, ’07. MEMBERS. 1906 . John D. M. Brown, Howard H. Krauss, Frederick A. Reiter John W. B. Schantz. 1907 . H. Leon Breidenbach, Willis F. Deibert, Edward T. Horn, Walter E. Schock. S 4 Press Club. DRAMATIC ASSOCIATION. ORGANIZED I90I. V OFFICERS. President, Vice President, . Secretary and Treasurer, Master of Properties, Stage Manager, Business Manager, Assistant Business Manager, Preston A. Barba, ’06. Edward T. Horn, ’07. Charles E. Rudy, ’o6. Frederick A. Reiter, ’06. . Harold K Marks, ’07. August C. Karkau, ’06. . John D. M. Brown, ’06. MEMBERS. 1906. Preston A. Barba, John D. M. Brown, Claude O. Hoffman, August C. Karkau, Luther a. Pflueger, Frederick A. Reiter, j. Luther Reiter, Charles E. Rudy, John W. B. Schantz. 1907. H. Leon Breidenbach, Charles W. Ettinger, Edward T. Horn, Harold E. Kuhns, William H. C. Lauer, 1908. Harold K. Marks, Oliver W. Nickum, Walter E. Schock, J. Myron Shimer, Russel C. Mauch. Sem G. Beck, William F DeibhrT, Charles T. Jacks, Frank H. Marsh, Ralph H. Schatz, Harry L. Y. Seyler, Leroy P. Umbenhauer. 86 FRATs a e at n 4» r a 87 PHI GAMMA DELTA FRATERNITY. FOUNDED 1848. Fraternity Journal : “The Phi Gamma Delta. Colors : Royal Purple. GRADUATE CHAPTERS. Alpha, Lafayette, Ind. Xi, . . . New York City. Beta, Indianapolis, Ind. Omicron, . Pittsburg, Pa. Zeta, Kansas City, Mo. Chi, . . . Toledo, O. Kappa, Chicago, 111 . Psi, .... Cincinnati, O. Epsilon Deuteron, Allentown, Pa. ACTIVE CHAPTERS. 1848. Beta, ... Washington. 1855 - Theta, University of Alabama. 1856. Lambda, De Paw University. 1856. Nu, . Bethel College. 1858. Xi, .... Pennsylvania College. 1859. Omicron, University of Virginia. 1861. Pi, ... Alleghany College. 1864. Tan, Hanover College. 1865. Upsilon, College of the City of New York. 1866. Psi, .... Wabash College. 1866. Omega, Columbia University. 1866. Alpha Deuteron, Illinois Wesleyan University. 1866. Beta Deuteron, . Roanoke College. 1867. Gamma Deuteron, Knox College. 1868. Zeta Deuteron, Washington and Lee University. 1869. Theta Deuteron, Ohio Wesleyan University. 1870. Delta Deuteron, Hampden Sidney. 1871. Zeta, Indiana State University. 1875 - Nu Deuteron, Yale University. 1878. Omicron Deuteron, Ohio State University. 1879. Delta Xi, University of California. 18S1. Beta, . University of Pennsylvania. 1882. Delta, .... Bucknell University. 1882. Pi Delta, University of Kansas. 1882. Rlio Deuteron, Wooster University. 1883. Sigma Deuteron, Lafayette College. 1883. Tau Deuteron, University of Texas 1884. Sigma, Wittenberg College. 1885. Lambda Deuteron, Denison University. 1886. Zeta Phi, William Jewell College 1887. Theta Psi, Colgate University. 1887. Beta Chi, Lehigh University. 1888. Gamma Phi, Pennsylvania State College. 88 1888. Kappa Nu, Cornell College. 1889. Iota Mu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. 1889. Mu Sigma, University of Minnesota. 1889. Pi Iota, Worcester Polytechnical Institution. 1890. Kappa Tau, University of Ttnnessee. 1890. Rho Chi, Richmond College. 1891. Beta Nu, Johns Hopkins University. 1892. Nu Epsilon, New York University. 1893. Alpha Chi, . Amherst College. 1893- Tau Alpha, Trinity College. 1893- Chi, Union College. 1893. Mu, LTniversity of Wisconsin. 1897. Chi Iota, University of Illinois. 1898. Lambda Nu, University of Nebraska. 1899. Chi Mu, University of Missouri. 1899. Omega Mu, . . . . University of Maine. 1900. Sigma Tau, University of Washington. 1901. Delta Nu, Dartmouth College. 1901. Sigma Nu, University of Syracuse. IN URBE. Warren F. Acker, Roderick E. Albright, M. D., Samuel Anewalt, Allen R. Appee, Reuben J. Butz, Esq., Frederick R. Bousch, M. D , Winfieed P. DeLong, Ray E. Dorney, Jonh M. Diefenderfer, Eso., Hon. C. J. Erdman, Esq., J. Daeeas Erdman, Esq , George Tayeor Ettinger, Ph. D , Oscar S. Grim, Harry S. HarTzeel, 2. A., Wm. A. Hausman, Jr , M. D., Mii.ton C Henninger, Esq., Morris A. Hoats, Esq., Frank T. L. Keiter, Esq., Samuee J. Kisteer, Esq., J. Herbert Koheer, Charees T. Kriebee, Prof. Ambrose A. Kunkee, Charees W. Raeph E. Kline, John Lear, M. D., Francis J. Lewis, Esq , Hon. P ' red E. Lewis, Esq. O. R. B. Leidy, Esq., R. W. Lentz, Prof. Francis D. Raub, Samuel H. Raub, Charles W. Reinert, Frank H. Reiter, Lawrence W. Rupp, Esq., John T. Saeger, Charles A. Smith, Rev. J. D. Schindel, D. D John L. Swartz, Esq., Joseph P. Shimer, Harry S. Snyder, M. D., Edward A. Soleliac, Louis Soeeeiac, Bx., N. Guiey Tinch, Ed. J. Wackernagee, Joseph M. Weaber, Webb. IN FACULTATE. George T. Ettinger, Ph. D., Tohn Lear, M. U. 89 ALPHA TAU OMEGA. FOUNDED 1865. Fraternity Journal : “ Alpha Tau Omega Palm.” Colors : Sky Blue and Old Gold. DIRECTORY OF ACTIVE CHAPTERS. Alabama Alpha Epsilon, Alabama Polytechnic Institute, Alabama Beta Beta, Southern University, Alabama Beta Delta, University of Alabama, Florida Alpha Omega, University of Florida, Georgia Alpha Beta, University of Georgia, Georgia Alpha, Theta, Emory College, Georgia Alpha Zeta, Mercer University, Georgia Beta Iota, Georgia School of Technology, California Gamma Iota, University of California, Colorado Gamma Lambda, University of Colorado, Louisiana Beta Epsilon, Tulane University, Texas Gamma Eta, University of Texas, Illinois Gamma Zeta, LTniversity of Illinois, Illinois Gamma Xi, University of Chicago, Indiana Gamma Gamma, Rose Polytechnic Institute, Indiana Gamma Omicron, Purdue University, Iowa Beta Alpha, Simpson College, Kansas Gamma Mu, University of Kansas, Michigan Alpha Mu, Adrian College, Michigan Beta Kappa, Hillsdale College, Michigan Beta Lambda, University of Michigan, . Michigan Beta Omicron, Albion College, Minnesota Gamma Nu, University of Minnesota, Nebraska Gamma Theta, University of Nebraska, Washington Gamma Pi, University of Washington, Maine Beta Upsilon, University of Maine, Maine Gamma Alpha, Colby College, Massachusetts Gamma Beta, .... Rhode Island Gamma Delta, Brown University, Vermont Beta Zeta, University of Vermont, New York Alpha Lambda, Columbia University, New York Alpha Omicron, St. Lawrence University, New York Beta Theta, Cornell University, Pennsylvania Alpha Iota, Muhlenberg College, Pennsylvania Alpha Pi, Washington Jefferson College, Pennsylvania Alpha Rho, Lehigh University, Pennsylvania Alpha Upsilon, Pennsylvania College, . Pennsylvania Tau, University of Pennsylvania, North Carolina Alpha Delta, University of North Carolina, North Carolina Xi, Trinity College, South Carolina Beta Xi, College of Charleston, Virginia Delta, University of Virginia, Ohio Alpha Nu, Mt. Union College, Auburn, Alabama. Greensboro, Alabama. Tuskaloosa, Alabama. Lake City, Florida. Athens, Georgia. Oxford, Georgia. Macon, Georgia. Atlanta, Georgia. Berkley, California. Boulder, Colorado. New Orleans, Louisiana. . . Austin, Texas. . Champaign, Illinois. . Chicago, Illinois. Terre Haute, Indiana. Lafayette, Indiana. Indianola, Iowa. Lawrence, Kansas, Adrian, Michigan. Hillsdale, Michigan. Ann Arbor, Michigan. Albion, Michigan. Minneapolis, Minnesota. Lincoln, Nebraska. Seattle, Washington. Orono, Maine. Waterville, Maine. Tufts College. Providence, Rhode Island. Burlington, Vermont. New York. Canton, New York. Ithaca, New York. Allentown, Pennsylvania. . Washington, Pennsylvania. South Bethlehem, Pennsylvania. Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Chapel Hill, North Carolina. Durham, North Carolina. . Charleston, South Carolina. . Charlottesville, Virginia. . . Alliance, Ohio- Ohio Alpha Psi, Wittenberg College, Springfield, Ohio. Ohio Beta Eta, Wesleyan University, Delaware, Ohio. Ohio Beta Mu, Wooster University, Wooster, Ohio. Ohio Beta Omega, State University, Columbus, Ohio. Ohio Gamma Kappa, Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio. Tennessee Alpha Tau, S. W. Presbyterian University, Clarksvill Tennessee. Tennessee Beta Pi, Vanderbilt University, Nashville Tennessee. Tennessee Beta Tau, S. W Baptist University, Jackson Tennessee. Tennessee Omega, University of the South, Sewanee Tennessee. Tennessee Pi, University of Tennessee, Knoxville Tennessee. PENNSYLVANIA ALPHA IOTO CHAPTER. established i88r. IN URBE. Adolph Aschbach, G. Fred Kuhl, Arthur G. Beck, Ralph Metzgar. Oscar F. Bernheim, David A. Miller. Rev. C. H. Buhner, Samuel P. Miller, Prof. E. S. Dieter, Prof. W. H. S. Miller, George Erdman, John McCollum, Max Erdman, W. H. Pascoe, E. J. Gomkry, George L. Raether, Malcolm W. Gross, L B Rinn, George E. K. Guth, W. E. Ruhe, Alfred s. Hartzell, Rev. J. Schindel, R. Keeler Hartzell, Paul L Semmel, Allen V. Heyl, Claude G. Shankweii.er, M. S. floTTENSTEIN, John L. Stine, Carrol H. Hudders, John H. Sykes, Lloyd Iredell, Ira Wise, B. S., Robert Kistler, Leo Wise, Edwin K. Kline, John W. Woodring, Alfred J. Yost, M. D. IN COLLEGIO. 1906. Warren E. Bittner, Claude O. Hoffman, Harry J. Butz, Charles E Rudy, John S. Schneller. 1907. Solomon ]. Boyer, Harold K. Marks. 1908. Sem Beck, George Kuhl, Charles R. Keiter, Ralph H. Schatz. 1909. James Bossard, Chester H. Rhodes, Robert Kline, Ralph R. Rudolph, Edgar V. Nonnemaker, Francis H. Smith, Jesse L. Stettler. Alpha Tau Omega. 93 Delta Theta. Local. DELTA THETA. ESTABLISHED 1S9S (f Color : Purple. ALUMNI. Warren F. Acker, Rev. Allen Appf.l, Rev. Willis Beck, Frederick R. Bousch, M. D., Winfield DeLong, Ray E. Dorney, Lee M. Erdman, Wm. A Hausman, Jr., M. D., Rev. Charles K. Feglf.y, N. Guily Finch, Lawrence Z. Griesemer, Charles Glase, Ralph E. Kline, Charles T. Kriebel, Prof. Ambrose A. Kunkle, Rev. Frank Kuntz, Raymond W. Lentz, M. E. H. M. McFetridge, Samuel H. Raub, Charles H. ReaglB, Fred P. Reagle. Charles W. Reinert, Frank H. Reiter, Rev George K. Rubrecht, Lawrence H. Rupp, Eso., George Specht, Charles A. Smith, Clarence R. Tellford, Charles D. Trexler, Rev. E. J. Wackernagei,, Joseph M. Weaver, Charles W. Webb. IN FACULTATE. John Lear, I I. D. H. Leon Breidenbach, Harold E. Kuhns, William H. C. Lauer, IN COLLEGIO. 1907 . Russel C. Mauch, Walter E. Shock, J. Myron Shimer. Charles T. Jacks, 1908 . Frank H. Marsh. 1909 . Carbin C. Miller, Charles E. McCormick, Roger R. Rupp, Walter C. Sandt, Harold Schoe;nbergkr. 95 GLEE CLUB a OFFICERS. President, ..... Milton H. Ritter, ’06. Business Manager, .... August C. Karkau, ’06. Assistant Business Manager, Arthur T. Michler, ’07. Secretary, ..... Charles T. Jacks, ’08. Director, ..... Prof. C. A. Marks. Assistant Director, .... . . Harold K. Marks, ’07. MEMBERS. First Tenor. H. Leon Breidenbach, Charles T. Jacks, George Kuhl, Milton N. H. Ritter. First Bass. Claude O. Hoffman, Harold K. Marks, Walter C. Sandt. Pianist. Preston A. Barra Second Tenor. Warren E. Bittner, August C. Karkau, Arthur T. Michler, Frederick A. Reiter Second Bass. Carbin Miller, Oliver W. Nickum, J. Myron Shimer, Francis H. Smith. Violinist. Lewis Schwindt. GLEE CLUB CONCERTS. Fleetwood, February 15, Schnecksville, February 16, Mauch Chunk, February 21, Hazleton, February 22, Wilkes-Barre, February 23, Alburtis, February 24, Pennsburg, February 26, College Chapel, Philadelphia, February 27, Siegfried, March 8, Reading, March 9, Womelsrlorf, March 10, Tretnont, April 18, Lj ' kens, April 19, Jersey Shore, April 20, May 15. 97 Gi.ee Club. PHYSICS AND CHEMISTRY CLUB 9 OFFICERS. President, ...... Secretary and Treasurer, Director, ...... John D. M. Brown, ’06. Howard H. Krauss, ’06. Prof. Wm. H. Reese. MEMBERS. 1906. Thomas H. Bachman, G. Joseph Mueller, Preston A. Barba, Luther A. Pflueger, Warren E. Bittner, Frederick A. Reiter, John D. M. Brown, J. Luther Reiter, Harry J. Butz, Milton N. H. Ritter, Willie S. Drey, Charles E. Rudy, Earle T. Henninger, B. L. Romberger, Claude O. Hoffman, John W. B. Schantz, August C. Karkau, John S. Schneller, Howard H. Krauss, Wm. B. Smith, Bryan W. Laros, Leidy B. Sterner. 1907. Jacob W. Bittner, William H. C. Lauer, Solomon J. Boyer, Harold K. Marks, H. Leon Breidenbach, Russel C. Mauch, Willis F. Deibert, Arthur T. Michler, Charles W. Ettinger, Oliver W. Nickum, Ambrose B. C. Hkring, Harry J. Peters, Edward T. Horn, Walter E. Schock, Harold E- Kuhns, J. Myron Shimer. 1908. James W. Anthony, Frank H. Marsh, Sem G. Beck, Howard S. Paules, Fred L. Coleman, Paul H. Rudh, William F. Deibert, Ralph H. Schatz, Charles T. Jacks, Harry L. Y. Seyler, Charles R. Keiter, Alfred M. Stump, Morris W. Krause, Leroy P. Umbenhauer, George Kuhl, Herbert A. Weaver, Warren A. Ziegenfuss. 99 ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION. a OFFICERS. President, John D. M. Brown. Vice President, Secretary, i . Howard H. Krauss Treasurer, J Frederick A. Reiter. Monitor, John D. M. Brown. Manager Footbaee Team, John W. B. Schantz. Assistant Manager, H. Leon Breidenbach. Manager Basebael Team, Howard H. Krauss. Assistant Manager, Harry J. Peters. Manager Basketbaee Team, Frederick A. Reiter. Assistant Manager, Wm. H. C. Lauer. Manager Track Team, ADVISORY BOARD. August C. Karkau. Alumni. Hon. Jas. L. Schaadt, ’74, Rev. J. Chas. Rausch, ’90, Howard S. Seip, D. D. S., ’85, Reuben J. Butz, Eso., ’87. Faculty Member. Prof. Wileiam H. Reese. STUDENT MEMBERS. John D. M. Brown, John W. B. Schantz, Frederick A. Reiter, Howard H. Krauss, August C. Karkau. ioi 102 College Football Team FOOTBALL TEAMS Manager, Assistant Manager, Captain, . Positions. Left End, Left Tackle, Left Guard, Center, Right Guard, . Right Tackle, Right End, Quarter Back, Right Half Back, Left Half Back, Full Back, Substitutes, (f COLLEGE. John W. B. Schantz, ’06. H. Leon Breidenbach, ’07. Carbin Miller, ’09. Edgar V. Nonamaker, ’09 John S. Schneller, ’06 Jacob W. Bittner, ' 07 Walter E. Schock, ’07 Alfred M. Stump, ’08 Fred L. Coleman, ’08 John E. Albert, ’09 I H. Leon Rreidenbach, ’07 l Warren E. Bittner, ’06 Carbin Miller, ’09 I Warren E. Bittner, ’06 ( Allen W. Butz, ' 09 Francis H. Smith, ’09 r Harry G. Bender, ’09 James A. Bossard, ’09 l William H. C. Lauer, ’07 h reshman. LINE - UP FOR FRESHMAN - SOPHOMORE GAME. Sophomore. Edgar V. Nonamaker, Roger R. Rupp, Ralph R. Rudolph. . Robert F. Kune, Dallas F. Green, 1 Peter N. Wohlsen, f James A. Bossard, John E. Albert, Allen W. Butz, Harry G. Bender, Carbin Miller (Captain), Francis H. Smith, Left End, Left Tackle, Left Guard, Center, Ralph H. Schatz. Paul H. Rudh. Herbert A. Weaver. Leroy P. Umbhnhauer. Right Guard, Morris W. Krause. Right Tackle, Right End, . Quarter Back, Left Half Back, Right Half Back, Full Back, Howard S. Paules. . William F. Deibert. (Captain) George Kuhl. Alfred M. Stump. P ' red L- Coleman. Charles R. Keiter 104 Freshman Football Team College Basketball Team. BASKETBALL TEAMS. College. Harry J. Peters, Captain, Frederick A. Reiter, Manager, William H. C. Lauer, Assistant Manager, Harry J. Peters, Ralph R. Rudolph, Forwards, William F. Deibert, J John E. Albert, Carbin Miller, [• Alfred M. Stump. ' . Guards, Charles R. Keiter, William F Deibert, 1 Center, Fred L. Coleman, Substitute, Sophomore. Charles R. Keiter, George Kuhl, i Fred L. Coleman, j Captain, Forwards, Alfred M. Stump, William F. Deibert, f Guards, Charles R Keiter, Leroy P. Umbenhauer, ) Howard S. Paules, ) . Centre, . Substitutes, Junior. Harry J. Peters. Solomon J. Boyer. William H. C. Lauer. ( Harry J. Peters. H. Leon Breidenbach. I William H. C. Lauer. Harold K. Marks. Walter E. Schock J. Myron Shimer. Freshman. Ralph R. Rudolph. ( Francis H. Smith. I James A. Bossard. j John E. Albert. t Carbin Miller. Ralph R. Rudolph- Robert F. Kline ' Junior Basketball Team. Sophomore Kasketbai.l Team. IIO BASEBALL TEAMS. 1906. 1907. John W. Schantz (Captain), Catcher, J. Myron Shimer. Bryan W. Laros, . Pitcher, Harry J. Peters (Captain). Harry J. Butz, First Base, Walter PL Schock. Frederick A. Reiter, Second Base, Harold K. Marks. Chas. E. Rudy, Short Stop, H. Leon Breidenbach. Warren E. Bittner, Third Base, . William H. Lauer. Howard H. Krauss, Center Field, Charles W. Ettinger. Milton H. Ritter, Right Field, . Willis F. Deibert. John S. Schneller, . Left Field, Oliver W. Nickum. 1908. 1909. Fred. L- Coleman, Catcher, Rufus E. Kern. Leroy P. Umbenhauer, Pitcher, Roger R Rupp. Frank H. Marsh, First Base, Ralph R Rudolph, (Captain . Alfred M. Stumi (Captain), . Second Base, John E. Albert. James W. Anthony, Short Stop, Harold W. Shoenberger. George Kuhl, Third Base, Francis H Smith. William F. Deibert, Center P ' ield, Edgar V. Nonamaker. Howard S. Paules, . Right Field, Charles A. Laubach. Harry L. Y. Seyler, Left Field, Allen W. Butz. ill Athletic Field. WINNERS OF “M.” tf FOOTBALL. John E. Albert, ’09, Warren E. Bittner, ’06, Jacob W. Bittner, ’07, H. Leon Breidenbach, ’07, Allen W. Butz, ’09, Fred L. Coleman, ’08, Walter E. Carbin Miller, ’09, Edgar V. Nonamaker, ’09, John W. Schantz, ’o6, John S. Schneller, ' 06, Francis H. Smith, ’09, Alfred M. Stump, ’08, Schock, ’07. BASKETBALL. John E. Albert, ’09, August C. Karkau, ’06, Charles R. Keiter, ’08, Howard H. Krauss, ’o6, Carbin Miller, ’09, Harry J. Peters, ’07, Frederick A. Reiter, ’06, Ralph R. Rudolph, ’09, Alfred M. Stump, ’08. 112 Gymnasium. Wilus P. Bachman, Physical Director MUHLENBERG ATHLETICS. BY PROF. WILLIAM H. REESE. ti D URING the days of early Greece, the Spartans thought only of the develop- ment of the body. The victor at the Olympian games was heralded as a hero, wa s feted and honored and his glory sung by the bards. During later periods, the body was disregarded entirely. Mind was only to be developed. Venable tells us that one of the philosophers went to such length that he put out his eyes “ in order that his mind might not be influenced by external objects but might wholly give itself to pure contemplation.” To-day it seems that some of our educational institutions have imitated both. Many of our institutions of learning seem to devote most of their energies to the development of athletes and athletic teams. This is especially true of many of our small colleges having an enrollment of two or three hundred endeavoring to develop teams which can compete with institutions having an enrollment of two or three thousand. This is not accomplished by playing bona fide students, who are in full stand- ing and rank high in classes, but by securing players by offering them inducements in the way of scholarship, etc. It is perfectly proper if a man is a good student and stands well in his classes and is at the same time a good athlete that he be given a scholarship. But when special courses in the arts are arranged for athletes who have little or no intellectual ability, the case is different. This winter two of the men playing on the basketball team of a certain institution which visited our floor, said after the game that they were attending college merely for the purpose of playing on the football and basketball teams and were taking courses in Music. But small institutions are not the only ones guilty of this. A western foot- ball coach told me that on one of the western teams a business man, a wholesale grocer, was playing. He was such an excellent player that one of our prominent eastern universities offered him sufficient money to leave his business in charge of an assistant, come East and play on their team. The recent movement to secure uniform eligibility rules and govern the offering of inducements, etc., is an excel- lent step in advance. But there is another side. Some institutions place a premium on the develop- ment of mind to the neglect of the body. They allow no athletic contests, discourage gymnastics. But the true man must have a sound body in which the strong, active mind may dwell, for there are very few who have developed master minds who have been weaklings in body. Any institution that attempts to grad- uate men fit for life’s work must endeavor to develop the mind and the body and if they do not so endeavor they are unworthy of the name of an institution that stands fo r the highest in education. Muhlenberg to a slight degree has experienced both of these phases. The former, in that her teams have been composed of both students and “ringers,” or hired players, although as an institution she never offered inducements in the way of scholarship, etc. And the latter by not sanctioning athletics. During the last few years the faculty have believed that not only gymnastics but athletic contests should be allowed and have encouraged the students to play, not that they should endeavor to win by securing professionals but by taking our bona fide students and developing teams. This system is not productive of cham- pionship teams in a short while but it is a slow, wholesome growth. The major- ity of the student body agreeing with this view incorporated a section in their constitution that only “ bona fide students should be allowed to play on athletic teams.” Further than this, there is a faculty regulation “ that a man must be in full standing” before he can represent the institution. It will be seen that an endeavor has been made to have clean athletics and for the last two years this has been true. The attitude of the Board of Trustees. As Muhlenberg has endeavored to raise her standard, consequently more work was required of the students and real- izing that greater mental effort required better physical development it was found that a gymnasium was absolutely necessary. Through the kindness of Mr Fon Derstnith, of Lancaster, a member of the Board of Trustees, a gymnasium was fitted up, the equipment of which is such that no better for its size can be found in any of the small colleges in Pennsylvania. The Board of Trustees have installed shower baths and an up-to-date locker room, the lockers being made of iron and are the same as those at Princeton. They have also employed a competent Physical Director, Mr. Bachman, and the Freshman and Sophomore classes are required to take regular exercises in the gymnasium. This is made a part of their college duties. It is optional for others. In the short space of a year, marked good has been accomplished, as the measurements and improvements in the health of many of the men show. Special bodily defects have been treated with decided success. The Board of Trustees has also constructed an athletic field with a quarter mile running track around the same. The track is of the latest type, being modeled after that of Brown University. It is so constructed that the water immediately drains, leaving the surface always ready for use. There is a circle for hammer throw, a jumping pit with straight away for the same. The latest model of Foster hurdles, vaulting poles, rubber home plate, baseball bags, etc., have been procured. As the gymnasium work ends the latter part of April the men are required to do out of door work. Tennis Courts have been constructed. They will be enclosed with wire netting stretched on iron frame work. The Board of Trustees have certainly done their share and every son of Muhlenberg should give them unstinted praise. The attihide of the Faculty. You often hear “ Have the Faculty done their share?” We think they have. Some of the members have given their time in coaching teams, have given encouragement by purchasing tickets and attending games, subscribing to the Alumni Fund of the Athletic Association, have loaned money to the association and gone security for such loans. Although at times their decisions may have seemed harsh and unfavorable, yet their object was to keep athletics pure. They believe that sport should not usurp the place of studies, so no one is allowed to miss classes by teams going away during working days. Athletes are shown no favors, given no inducements, receive no compen- sation. Every student must enter the institution in full standing or, if any student becomes a special after entering, must take at least ten hours work and keep up with the same if he desires to play on any team. With these restrictions we give the boys our most hearty encouragement. The attitude of the Students. Are the students doing their share? East Fall a football team was organized which made a good record by winning four, tying two and losing one game. Mr. Bachman, Rev. Jacobs and Mr. Singmaster assisted in developing the team. With nearly all of this year’s players as a nucleus for next year and with the addition of several good players from the incoming Freshman class and the employment of a professional coach, Mr. Raub, of Lafayette, who has had decided success at other institutions, great things are expected for the fall of ’06. The basketball team, although winning but four out of twelve games, did very well, considering that the men were inexperienced. As basketball players can not be made in one season, some rather strong teams were played so they might gain experience. With the material on hand and one year’s experience, together with the new men and the employment of Mr. Wieder, an experienced basketball player, as coach, we anticipate a good team on the floor next season. One great drawback in the development of teams is that students who do not make the ’Varsity decline to play on the scrub. No coach can develop a first-class team without a scrub. The scrub makes the ’Varsity. Let us have large scrubs ! The student body supported the teams by patronizing games fairly well, but the student body of Muhlenberg as a unit lacks college spirit, good col- lege spirit ! Many of the student body, knowing little about the rules or fine points of the game, criticise, yes, eveu guy men on the teams because they happen to make a misplay or the team lose a game. They forget that they them- u6 selves could or would not do as well or, if they could, why do they not come out and try for the team ? This spirit has a tendency not only to discourage the players, but the manager and coach as well. True college spirit is beginning to grow. Class spirit is predominant at present. Let us not have less class spirit but more college spirit. With men from all classes on a team working for one common cause, the success of Muhlenberg, the entire student body should rally around them, making them feel that their efforts were being appreciated. Through the kindness of the Dramatic Association it was possible to equip last year’s track team and pay the expenses of the same to the relay races at the Uni- versity of Pennsylvania. They donated seventy-five dollars. This year the same association gave one hundred dollars which will be used to defray part of the expenses of the football coach for next fall. As it was thought there was not sufficient material in college to make a strong baseball team this Spring, it was decided to play a series of inter-class games. As Mr. Fink, the coach of the track team was unable to take charge of the work on account of illness, it was decided not to have a college track team but to hold an inter-class meet. James L. Schaadt, Esq., kindly gave a silver cup as a trophy to the class making the most points. It would seem from what has been said that the Board of Trustees, the faculty and the students are endeavoring to do their best. Have the Alumni done theirs? Many of the alumni said they would wait until they saw the Board of Trustees, the faculty and the students awoke then, they would do something. Some have done so, many have not. It was refreshing to have two of the old football players, Messrs. Fegley and Trexler, O., come on the football field and assist in coaching. Such incidents puts spirit iu the men. We need your support both moral and financial. Many of the most ardent supporters of athletics have not even given us a word of encouragement. If the alumni as a body wish to assist they should give their assistance when the association is struggling. Some have done their share, others have not. Awake ! With the Board of Trustees, the faculty, alumni, and student body, working hand in hand, it will only be a short time when Muhlenberg will turn out honest teams, able to cope with any institution of its size, and when enthusiasm will be so great, and college spirit so strong, that the men will not say as now, “ I was a member of the Class of 1912 of Muhlenberg , but I am an Alumnus of Muhlen- berg of the Class of 1912. This spirit will react along all lines of college acti- vity, and books, apparatus, etc., will be coming from all sides and the courses will improve because of the better equipment. This is no idle dream, it has been the case at other institutions — why not at ours? Let 11s put our shoulders to the wheel and make Muhlenberg “ The College best of all in all the Land.” 1]T Jcxfiifior. i6:u ssf ytztc zJzjy ;■ { ? • 1 19 SENIOR CLASS DAY. v T HE Senior Class Day Exercises occurred on Tuesday, June 27, 1905, in the college grove. In the course of the program, the class presented Dr. William Wackernagle, with a loving cup in honor of the completion of his twenty-fifth year of service at the college. The music, which was furnished by the Pioneer Band of Allentown, greatly added to the joy of the occasion. The following is the order of exercises : Music. Master of Ceremonies, Class History, Class Poem, Music John J. Heii.man. Claude G. Shankweiler. G. Luther Weibee. Pessimistic Oration, Class Artist, Class Prophecy, Music. Robert K. Rosenberger. Herbert F. Gernert. Harvey S. Ktdd. Optimisic Oration, Insigna Oration, Music. I. Howard Kern. Frank H. Reiter. Key Oration, Music. WlLLtAM H. KEtNE. 12 FRESHMAN PLAY “A GLIMPSE OF PARADISE” A Farce Comedy in III Acts. Under the direction of JOHN A. McCOLLUM, Jr. CHARLES T. JACKS, Business Manager. GEORGE KUHL, PAUL RUDH, Asst. Business Manager. Stage Manager. LYRIC THEATRE, JUNE 27, 1905. V COMMITTEES. Patroness. Charles T. Jacks, Chairman, William Ainey, Jr. Ralph H. SchaTz, Program. Charles T. Jacks, Chairman, Sem Beck, George Kuhl, Ralph H. Schatz. Dramatis Personae. Adolphus Dove, a local Poet, Henri Beaudesert, .... Frank Bellamy, ..... Gates, from Thacker’s Costumier, Drury Lane, Constable Pope, ..... Laura Bellamy, ..... Euphemia Speckley, .... Susan. ...... Mr. Herman D. Whitteker. Mr Ralph H. Schatz, Mr. William F. Deibert. Mr. Harry Y. Seyler. Mr. Sem G. Beck. Mr Leroy P. Umbenhauer. Mr. Herbert A. Weaver. Mr Frank H. Marsh. The action of the piece takes place near Boxleigh, on the morning, afternoon and evening of the same day. Act I — At Miss Speckley’s — Paradise. ACT II — At the Meadow Gate. — Purgatory. Act III — At Miss Speckley’s — Sackcloth and Ashes. 122 PATRONS AND PATRONESSES. In Urbe. Mrs. L. L. Anewalt, Mrs. R. J. Flexer, Mrs. Mary Heilman, Mrs. Lucy Huebner, Mrs. And rew K. Jacks, Mrs. J. A. Landis, Mrs. H. C. Kepner, Mrs. Herbert Keller, Mrs. Francis Kleckner, Mrs. Melissa Kleppinger, Mrs. H. Koch, Mrs. C. A. Marks, Mrs. S. A. Repass, Mrs. Alfred G. Sakger, Mrs. H. S. Skip, Mrs. E. M. Young, A Friend, Miss Emily RalliET, Miss M. A. Dangler, Miss Edna B. Landis, Miss E. J. Keck, Mrss Lucy Mattern, Miss Evelyn Renninger, Miss Mabel Reppert, Miss Miriam Swartz, Mrs. Jacob Landis, Miss Estella Reppert, Miss Edith M. Smith, Mrs. N. A. Haas, Mrs. Dr. S. E. Ochsenford, Mrs. W. B. Bachman, Mrs. W. H. Reese, Mrs. M. T. J. Ochs, Mrs. Rev. C. E Sandt, Miss Victoria T. Benninger, Miss Anna R. Cooper, Miss Florence Hartzell, Miss Anna Hartzell, Miss Helen Dresher, Miss Florence Fry, Miss Bessie Weiler, Miss Nina Arne r, Mr. Wm. H. Ainey, Mr. Wm. H. Barba. Mr. Alexander Shimer, Ex Urbe. Mrs. E. V. Babcock, Pittsburg, Pa. Mrs. R. H. Beck, Hecktown, Pa. Mrs. C. C. Marsh, Danielsville, Pa Mrs. Henry Rudh, Brooklyn, N. Y. Mrs. W. D. KeiTER, Bethlehem, Pa. Mrs. J. B. Seyler, Reading, Pa. Mrs. I. S. UmbEnhauer, Reading, Pa. Mrs. J. E. WhiTTEKER, Lancaster, Pa. Mrs. Lewis ZEIGENFUSS, Aquashicola, Pa. Miss Bessie Auman, Reading, Pa. Miss C. A. Bankart, Bethlehem, Pa. Miss Mary Debold, Brooklyn, N. Y. Miss Maude Laury, Seidersville, Pa. Miss Marion Poorman, Reading, Pa. Miss Emma Paul, Appenzell, Pa. Miss I. Almeda Whitteker, Lancaster, Pa. Rev. H. P. Miller, Brooklyn, N. Y. Edwin Y. Seyler, M. D., Reading, Pa. Mrs. G. W. Fleck, Lansford, Pa. Mrs. Schaefer, Ashland, Pa. Mrs. T. J. Nusbaum, Lansford, Pa. Miss Mirian Fleck, Lansford, Pa. Miss Elizabeth Henry, Tamaqua, Pa. Mrs. H. H. Hower, Danielsville, Pa. Mrs. Harrison Biechey, Slatington, Pa. Mrs. H. Y. Breidenbach, Camden, N. J. 123 THE JUNIOR ORATORICAL CONTEST. LYRIC THEATRE, WEDNESDAY, JUNK 2 S, ’05. (f Prayer, " The Cry of the Masses,” Brutus,” ‘ A Defense of Inconsistency,” ' ‘ A Universal Demand,” ' The Growth of Liberty,” ' The Abiding Record,” The Hero of the South,” PROGRAM. Music. . . . Rev. J. H. Waidelich, Sellersville. Music. Preston A. Barba, Allentown. John D. M. Brown, Lebanon. Music. Luther A. Pfi.ueger, Ringtown. Benjamin L. Romberger, Elizabetliville. August C. Karkau, Lansing, Mich. Music. Charles E. Rudy, Lancaster. Frederick A. Reiter, Richland Centre. Music. Benediction. Frederick A. Reiter won the prize. Honorable Mention , August C. Karkau and Luther A. Pflueger JUDGES. Rev. F. C. Seitz, Rev. W. A. Lambert, Rev. R. H. Kline. 124 MEETING OF TRUSTEES. v A T the annual meeting of the Board of Trustees, held on Wednesday after- noon, matters of great interest to the College were discussed. The feeling prevailed that the institution was making excellent progress and that the College to-day enjoyed a brighter outlook than for many years past. The treasurer’s report indicated that almost one hundred thousand dollars had been gathered for the building fund in the last year and a half. The Board took steps to duplicate this amount in the next collegiate year, and every effort will be made to pay off the remaining indebtedness of somewhat ovtr one hundred thousand. The resignation of Dr. Cooper as the financial agent of the College was accepted by the Board, but as there is absolute need of assistance along other lines of the College’s interests, he was later appointed to the office of Secretary to the President and Registrar of the College. Among the duties belonging to this office are general oversight of the buildings and grounds, and a large amount of work connected with the general management of affairs of the College at its new home to which the President, with the manifold labors of his office, could not possibly give the attention needed. Resolutions of congratulation were passed in recognition of the completion of twenty-five years of service in the Faculty of the College by Dr. William Waekernagel and Prof. George T. Ettinger, Ph. D. One of the most pleasing reports presented to the Board was that on the work of the Preparatory School. This report not only indicated that new life had been infused into the school but that with careful management it could and would be self-sustaining. The former officers were re-elected, Dr Repass, President ; Rev. Mr. Keiter, Secretary ; and Dr. Cooper, Treasurer. Arrangements were made with Mr. Eichtenwalner, owner of a piece of property adjoining the new college grounds, for the straightening of the property lines. Plans were presented at the meeting for the erection of buildings for the Academic Department of the institution. 125 EUTERPEAN ANNUAL REUNION. 0 E UTERPEAN LITERARY SOCIETY held its annual reunion on Wednes- day, June 28. The meeting was called to order by President Howard H. Krauss who then announced “ Alma Mater” as the opening song. Rev. J. J. Kuntz conducted the devotional exercises, after which the president called Dr. George T. Ettinger to the chair. Dr. Ettinger accepted with a speech of thanks to which the society responded by singing ‘‘Euterpean Glee.” Mr. I. Howard Kern then welcomed the Alumni to Euterpea’s new home. As unmis- takable signs of her present spirit of progress he could, among others, make mention of the attractiveness of the new hall which had then already been taste- fully refurnished and of the Senior honors all of which had been born away by Euterpea. After Mr. Kern’s address the audience was pleasantly entertained by a piano solo rendered by Mr. H. F. Gernert and by a reading presented by Mr. L. A. Pflueger. Dr. Haas then gave a pleasing and encouraging address which was followed by interesting voluntary addresses by others of the audience. Those who responded are Dr. Boyer, Rev. Strodach, Rev. Miller, Prof. Reese, Mr. Lewis, Rev. Neiman, Rev. Sachs, Mr. Fred Gernert, Mr. Woodring, Rev. Kuntz, Rev. Merkham, Mr. Wirt, Rev. Lynch, Rev. Waidelich, Rev. W. U. Kistler, Mr. Zerweck, and Rev. Reiter. The words uttered by these men contained fond recollections of Euterpea’s elder days, glowed with enthusiasm at her present progress, and breathed the warmest hopes for her future prosperity. It was evident that both alumni and students cherished the heartiest sympathy for their society’s welfare and gloried in what she had already achieved. The occasion, which was one of joy throughout, was pleasantly ended by the serving of refreshments. 126 SOPHRONIAN LITERARY SOCIETY REUNION. HE annual reunion of the Sophronian Literary Society was held on Wednesday, June 28, at 1.30 P. M. President Warren E. Bittner called the meeting to order and called upon Dr. William Waekernagle to preside over the meeting. Song No. 182 was sung. Rev. Allen R. Appel read the Scripture lesson and Rev. J. Schindel offered prayer. Mr. Kidd welcomed the members and alumni in one of his characteristic opening addresses, followed by the rendition of a piano solo by Mr. Preston A. Barba. Mr. Claude Shankweiler and Mr. Robert Rosenberger gave recitations. President Haas encouraged the active members by a stirring address, followed by the rendition of a piano solo by Mr. Warren Acker. Dr. Waekeinagle, presiding officer, was then called upon for a speech to which he responded with words of encouragement and veil wishes for the future of Sophronia. Short addresses were made by Dr. Campbell, President of Irving College, Rev. J. Richards, Rev. Kistler of Reading, Mr. Ebert, Rev. Kierer, and Mr. Martin G. Schaffer. Sophronia is proud of her alumni ; and they are prominent in all walks of life. Many of the old alumni recounted pleasant reminiscenses of the past history of Sophronia, which went far towards impressing upon the younger members the traditions and the aims of our Society. Refreshments were served, after which Mr. Karkau presented the cause of the society to the alumni and solicited subscriptions for the furnishing of the new hall. The alumni responded generously ; and it is their generous aid, coupled with the earnest efforts of the active members, which has reached its culmination in the beautifully furnished hall which Sophronia is proud to call her own, and to which she will welcome her alumni and friends in the annual reunion during Commencement Week. THIRTY-EIGHTH ANNUAL COMMENCEMENT. LYRIC THEATRE, JUNE 29, 1905, IO A. M. V PROGRAM. Music. Opening Prayer, .... Rev. G. F. KroTEL, D. D., LL. D., N. Y. City. Latin Salutatory, ..... Clarence E. Keiser, Lyon Station. Music. “ The Common Law Liberty,” .... Dallas H. Bastian, Philadelphia. “ The Value of Experimental Science in Education,” Herbert F. GernerT, Trexlertown. Music. Philosophical Oration, . . Rev. Charles H. Bohner, Allentown. ‘‘The Vikings of the Sea, ” .... Sven O. Sigmund, Ottawa, 111. Music. German Oration, ..... G. Luther Weibel, Bowmansville. Music. Valedictory, Music. Joseph R. Tallman, Tower City. Brief Address, By President Haas. Conferring of Degrees, . By President Haas. Distribution of Prizes, By Dr. Ettinger, Dean. Announcements, . By President Haas. Benediction, By President Haas. Excused. 128 DEGREES CONFERRED. v DOCTOR OF LAWS (LL. D.) Prof. James LiechTi, of King’s College, Halifax, Nova Scotia DOCTOR OF SCIENCE (Sc. D.) Lewis Muhlenberg Haupt, of Philadelphia. DOCTOR OF DIVINITY (D. D.) Rev. Hiram Peters, Decatur, 111. MASTER OF ARTS IN COURSE (A. M.) Rev. J. C. Seegers, Easton, Pa. MASTER OF ARTS. Allen R. Appel, Allentown, Waiter C. Beck, Orwigsburg, J. Raephus Freed, Doylestown, Matthias H. Heieig, Stroudsburg, Quincy A. Kuehner, Stenibersville, Samuee E. Moyer, Catasauqua, Ceinton Zerweck Charles C. Bachman, Northampton, George S. Fegeeey, Hamburg, Wm. H. Gabee, Numidia, Jacob Kisteer, Snyder’s, Anson W. Lindenmuth, Philadelphia, Frank M. Uhrich, Lebanon, New Haven, Conn. All members of the class of 1902. BACHELOR OF ARTS. Dallas H. BasTian, Philadelphia, Rev. Charles H. Bohner, Allentown, Wirt A. Dries, Slioemakersville, George E. K. Guth, Allentown, Charles G. Heffner, L yon Station, John J Heilman, Walberts, Clarence E. Reiser, Lyon Station, I. Howard Kern, Hummel’s Store, G. Luther Weibee, BACHELOR OF Herbert P Gernert, Trexlertown, Harvey S. Kidd, Bath, William H. Kline, Maxatawny, John J. Marks, Wescoesville, Charles W. Reinert, Coplav, Frank H. Reiter, Pennsburg, Claude G. Shankweiler, Allentown, Sven O. Sigmund, Ottawa, 111., Joseph R. Tallman, Tower City, Bowmansville. SCIENCE. Robert K. Rosenberger, Allentown. 129 PRIZES AWARDED v SENIOR CLASS. The “Amos Ettinger Honor Medal,” PRESENTED BY Prof. George T. Ettinger, Ph. D., ’80, TO Clarence E. Keiser. JUNIOR CLASS. The “ Clemmie L, Ulrich Oratorical ” Prize, PRESENTED BY Clemmie L. Ulrich, TO Frederick A. Reiter. The “ President’s English ” Prize, PRESENTED BY Prof. John A. W. Haas, D. D. , TO Charlfs E. Rudy. FRESHMAN CLASS. The “ Biological ” Prize, PRESENTED BY Prof. John Lear, A. M., M. D., TO Leroy P. Umbenhauer. PHYSICAL CULTURE. The “ General Physical Culture” Prize, PRESENTED BY Prof. Henry H. Herbst, A. M., M. D., ’78, TO William H. C. Lauer. The “Freshman Physical Culture” Prize, PRESENTED BY Prof. Henry H. Herbst, TO Sem G. Beck. 130 FRESHMAN-SOPHOMORE FOOTBALL TEAM. tt T HE long-looked-for football game between the Sophomores and the Fresh- men was played on Saturday, November 18th, 1905 The Sophomores had always claimed themselves to be the “most aggressive class in col- lege,’’ and great things were expected of them ; but as the days and weeks passed by, bringing many’postponements and no signs of hostilities, doubt arose in the minds of the upper classmen. The Freshmen broke the “Sophomore rules’’ whenever they pleased and matters were becoming serious, when the Sophomores “ got together ” and challenged the Freshmen. On the eve of the game the Sophs, were in despair. Scanty material and indifferent practice had ruined their chances. The Freshmen, on the other hand, were so confident of victory that they held a class meeting to fix the score. After much discussion the class unanimously decided that the team should “ let up’’ on the .Sophs, after forty points had been scored. Talking about nerve, that was the limit. The great day came at last, and at 2.30, P. M., a large crowd had gathered along the side lines. Both teams were on the field early. The Soph, team was the most wonderful bunch of athletes ever seen on the gridiron. There had been some doubt as to the advisibility of charging a quarter admission ; but to see the Soph, team was in itself an education and well worth the quarter. The expecta- tions of the spectators were further raised by a rumor that the Sophs, had discovered a crack player in a certain Soph, who had played on the Kempton football team. The Freshmen received the kick-off but soon lost the ball on downs, and almost before they knew it the Sophs, had scored a touchdown by means of Keiter. ’09 again received the kick-off but fumbled ; ’08 took the ball and soon went over the line for another touchdown by Stump. The Freshmen were dum- founded, the Sophs almost delirious with joy. But the high spirits of the Sophs, was soon dampened when Smith, ’09, ran 80 yards for a touchdown and kicked the goal. Score at end of first half — Freshmen, 6 ; Sophs., 10. In the second half the Freshmen took a brace. In spite of all the Sophs, could do, Captain Miller, ’09, soon scored the last touchdown of the game, and Smith again kicked the goal. It was now ’09’s time to rejoice and all visions of a high score were forgotten in their thankfulness for the victory. The game ended with the score ro to 12 in favor of the Freshmen. Truly, “ it was not like this in the olden days.’’ Poor Sophs. ! Happy Freshmen. Touchdowns — Miller, Smith, Keiter, Stump. Goals — Smith, (2). Referees — Prof. Reese, and Mr. Wieder. Umpire — Hoxworth. Timers — Karkau, ’06, Scliock, ’07. Linesmen — Brown, ’06, Breidenbach, ’07. Time of halves, 20 minutes. ! 3 2 FIFTH COLLEGE PLAY Presented by THE COLLEGE DRAMATIC ASSOCIATION LYRIC THEATRE, JANUARY 22, 1906. “A NIGHT OFF OR A PAGE FROM BALZAC” By Augustus Daly. V Dramatic Personae. Justinian Babbit, Professor of Ancient History in the Camptown University, August C. Karkau. Harry Damask, his son-in-law, ..... Ralph H. Schatz. Jack Mulberry, in pursuit of fortune, under the name of Chumley, Claude O. Hoffman. Lord Mulberry, in pursuit of Jack, .... Charles W. Ettinger. Marcus Brutus Snap, in pursuit of fame and fortune, under various legitimate alliances, ....... Preston A. Barba Prowl, usher at the University, ..... Charles W. Ettinger. Mrs ZanTippa Babbit, Professor of conjugal management in the Professor’s household, .... Luther A. Pfluegkr. Nisbe, the youngest Imp of the household, H. Leon Breidenbach. Angelica Damask, the eldest, Russell E. Mauch. Susan, the brassiest, .... Wm. H. C. Lauer. Maria, servant at Damask’s, Time — Recently Place — Nearby. Wm. H. C. Lauer. Synopsis. Act I — Prof. Babbit’s Study. Act II — At Damask’s. Act III — Prof. Babbit’s Study. Act IV — Same as Act III. COMMITTEES. Executive. August C. Karkau, ’06, Chairman. John D. M. Brown, ’06. J. Luther Reiter, ’06. H. Leon Breidenbach, ’07. Program. J. Luther Reiter, ’06, Chairman. John W. B. Schantz, ’06. Charles T. Jacks, ’08. Patroness. H. Leon Breidenbach, ' 07, Chairman. Claude O. Hoffman, ’06, Charles W. Ettinger, ’07, Wm. H. C. Lauer, ’07, J. Myron Shimer, ’07, Frank Marsh, ’08, Ralph H. Schatz, ’08. PATRONESSES. In Urbe. Mrs. Dr. Howard Seip, Mrs. Francis G. Lewis, Mrs. G. C. Aschbach, Mrs. Thomas Koch, Mrs. Lewis Anewalt, Mrs. Theodore L. Seip, Mrs. Frank Koch, Mrs. Wm. H. Boyer, Mrs. Alfred G. Saeger, Mrs. M. T. J. Ochs, Mrs. W. B. Bachman, Mrs. Francis T. Kleckner, Mrs. Prof. W. h. Reese, Mrs. Wm. E. Ettinger, Mrs. C. O. Kaiser, Mrs. Frank Buchman, Mrs. George Ormrod, Mrs. A. S. Shimer, Mrs. Jos. B. Lewis, Mrs. C. W. Saf.ger, Mrs. Harry C. Trexler, Mrs. L. O. Shankweii.er, Mrs. Marvin L. Kleppinger Mrs A. K. Jacks, Mrs. H. C. Kepner, Mrs. Arnold R. Lewis, Mrs. E. M Young, Mrs. Frank D. Bittner, Mrs. Jennie Landis, Mrs. J. P. Fry, Mrs. J. H. Bossard, Mrs. S. B. Anewalt, Mrs. Emile Herner, Miss Martha Andrews, Miss Florence M Hartzell Miss Miriam Weidaw, Miss Cora H. Landes, Miss Mary Dangler, Miss Anna Hartzell, Miss Edith H. Constabel, Miss Mamie Constabel, Miss Edna Diefenderfer, Miss Elizabeth Repass, Miss Anna R. Cooper, Miss Emily Balliet, Miss Miriam L Schadt, Miss Sallie M. Koch, Miss Helen M. Dresher. Ex Mrs. Louis Karkau, Lansing, Mich. Mrs. W. C. L. Lauer, Mauch Chunk, Pa. Mrs. J. W. Mauch, Hellertown, Pa. Mrs. C. C. Marsh, Danielsville, Pa. Mrs. C. W. Schneller, Catasauqua, Pa. Mrs. R. O. Bently, Pittston, Pa. Mrs. H. Y. Breidenbach, Camden, N. J. Mrs. J. A. Schock, Mount Zion, Pa. Mrs. Cora Koons, Egypt, Pa. Mrs. R. H. Beck, Hecktown, Pa. Miss Claire Brown, Baltimore, Md. Miss F. C. Urbe. Miss Minnie RenTzheimer, Hellertown, Pa. Miss Berth M. Learch, Hellertown, Pa. Miss May I. Rentzheimer, Hellertown, Pa. Miss Marie Evans, Pottstown, Pa. Miss Mabel M. Ruch, Hellertown, Pa. Miss Maude Kerschner, Conyngham, Pa. Miss Elsa Schoonover, Bethlehem, Pa. Miss Pearl R- Fisher, Ouakertown, Pa. Miss Anna McDermott, Pittston, Pa. Miss Mary C. Loughridge, Catasauqua, Pa. Miss Charlotte R. Brown, Lebanon, Pa. Beck, Hecktown, Pa. 134 Cast of College Play. SOPHOMORE BANQUET. tf O NE of the greatest events of a man’s college course is supposedly the Sophomore Banquet. Almost from the day he enters college he looks forward to it with great expectation. Such was the case with 1908. The class had cleared quite a sum through their Freshman play, and their great con- cern now was how to dispose of all this money. As far as morality, propriety, legality, and common sense were concerned there was only one course to pursue, namely, to have a banquet of reasonable expense at some place near home, and donate the remaining funds to the college in some form or other. This was the course of the preceding class and it was understood to be a precedent for all suc- ceeding classes. In their narrowness, selfishness, and folly, and at the encourage- ment of the Seniors, the present Sophomore class decided to run away to the New Bingham Hotel, in Philadelphia and squander twice the amount of money they had saved. In Philadelphia, they tell us, they saw many wonderful things. A great portion of their enjoyment was derived from the ten cent shows which they went to see whenever possible. At the appointed time they seated themselves to the table prepared for them at the New Bingham. The menu was an exceptional one. Their palates were tickled early with the taste of chicken which, having languished for a long time in the lousy hut of some Philadelphia darky and being at last happily relieved by death, was purchased by the hotel authorities, because they knew that the rustic habits of this set of hoodlums had developed in them a great relish for chicken gravy, especially when it is mixed with louse flavor. After some time followed what they supposed was grouse, but what we have since heard from good authority was nothing more than crow. When they had appeased their appetites, they tried their hand at speech making. After the banquet two of their numbered stole away home and the rest started out in search of twenty-five cent lodging. Having spent some time in the city, they returned home to find that in addition to wasting their money, they had earned the lasting disgrace of being the first class at Muhlenberg to be suspended. Certainly each “experienced an ass’’ in himself. 136 MENU. Maurice Roves sur Coquii.ee. Celery. Radishes. Olives. Essence of Chicken, aux Quenelles. Stuffed Smelts, a la Chambord. Pomme, Surprise. CoTELETTE OF SWEETBREAD, AUX PETIT POIS. Imperial Punch. Roast Grouse, Cumberland. Bruxelles Sprouts. Rough Hominy. Salade Chiffonnade. Tutti Frutti Ices. Petits Fours. English Dairy Cheese. Toasted Crackers. Coffee. i37 TOASTS. 1 Our Class,” A. M. Stump, Toastmaster. H. A. Weaver. “ I sing of Heroes and of Kings.” — Cowley. Our Alma Mater,” ...... Howard S. Paulks. “ Happy he with such a mother.” — Tennyson. A Glimpse of Paradise,” . . L,. P. Umbenhauer. “ Pit, box and gall’ry in convulsions hurl’d.” — Pope. ‘ Athletics,” . Frank H. Marsh. “ To be strong is to be happy.” — Longfellow. ‘ The Faculty,” M. W. Krause. ” I am Sir Oracle, And when I ope my lips, let no dog bark.”— Shakespeare. ‘ Our Motto,” A. Charles R. Keiter. 41 Mas Vale Saber que Haber.” 1 Our Proteges,” Sem G. Beck. ‘‘They make time old lo lend iheui, And experience an ass” — Beaumont I. Fletcher. ‘ Our New Men,” William A. Deibert. 44 We shall use them as we shall find their merits.” — Shakespeare. ‘ The Honor System . P. H. Rudh. “ Act well your part there all the honor lies.” — Pope. 1 The Golden Medium,” ...... Warren A. ZiegenfuSS. ‘ Meden agan ” ‘ Our Future Ministers, " ...... Harry L. Y. Seyler. ” Who builds a church to God, and not to fame, Will never mark the marble with his name.” — Pope. ‘ Our Livery Stable,” ....... George Kuhl “ A horse ! A horse ! My Kingdom for a horse ! ” — Shakespeare . ‘ The I.adies, ” F. L. Coleman. " All spread their charms, but charm not all alike ” — Pope. The Glee Club,” Charles F. Jacks. “ Such music as, ’tis said, before was never made, " — Milton. ■ ‘ Reminiscences,” H. D. Whitteker. “ Yet now days, weeks, and months but seem The recollection of a dream. " — Scott. ‘ The Future,” James W. Anthony. " Mine after-life ! What is mine after-life ? " —Joanna Bailtie. ‘ ' Our Banquet,” Ralph H. Shatz. " Now good digestion wait on appetite. " — Shakespeare. 138 PENNSYLVANIA INTERCOLLEGIATE ORATORICAL UNION. FOURTEENTH ANNUAL CONTEST. Bomberger Memorial Hall, Ursinus College, Friday Evening, March 9, 1906. V PROGRAM. Music. — “ Marine Inspection,” Invocation, .... Opening Address, Music. — “ Until the Dawn,” Parks , Oration. — “ A Psychology of Life,” Oration. — “ A Tribute to the Grand Army,” Oration. — ‘‘The Price of Principle,” Music. — “ Old Rag Medley,” Ska thick, Oration.— “ The Hero of the South,” Oration. — ‘‘America, a World Power,” Music. — “ Faust,” Gounod , Decision of the Judges. Reception. . Ursinus College Orchestra. Rev. W. A. Kune, A. M., Ursinus College. . E. Graham Wilson, Lafayette. Ursinus College Glee Club. E. I. Brown, Lafayette. D R. Farringer, Ursinus. B A. Strohmeier, Gettysburg. Ursinus College Glee Club. Frederick A. Reiter, Muhlenberg. W. S. Kosman, Franklin and Marshall. . Ursinus College Orchestra. JUDGES. Rev. J. Max Hark, D. D., Bethlehem, Pa. Rev. Plato T. Jones, Easton, Pa. Prof. W. L. SchwalzE, Bethlehem, Pa. PRIZES. First Prize, Twenty-five Dollars, awarded to B. A. Strohmeier. Second Prize, Fifteen Dollars, awarded to W. S. Kosman. President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, OFFICERS. E. Graham Wilson, Lafayette. Willis F. DeiberT, Muhlenberg. W. S. Machmer, Franklin and Marshall. Chas. S. Dotterer, Ursinus. 139 Chapel. i4i FACULTY. Give no more to every guest Than he is able to digest; Give him always of the prime, And but little at a time. — Swift. V Dr. Haas : He brings, to make us from our ground retire, The reasoner’s weapons and the poet’s fire. — Blackmote . Dr Ettinger : I pray thee, cease thy counsel, Which falls into mine ears as profitless As water in a sieve. — Shakespeare. Dr. Wackernagel : Es giebt nicht zwei, wie der ist, im Gebirge. — Schiller. Dr. Bauman : He was in logic a great critic, Profoundly skill’d in analytic; He could distinguish and divide A hair ’twixt south and southwest side. — Butler. Dr. Ochsenford : I can not make this matter plain, But I would shoot, howe’er in vain, A random arrow from the brain. — Scott. Dr. Lear : Slow to resolve, but in performance quick. — Dryden. Prof. Horn : Who will not ntercie unto others show How can he mercie ever hope to have ? — Spenser. Prof. Reese : Like precious things of every kind and name, This heaven-born treasure oft hath mimicked been. — Coleridge. Prof. Marks : At sight of thee my gloomy soul cheers up. — Philips. Prof. Jacobs : It is too much, we daily hear To wive and thrive both in one year. — Tusser. Dr. Cooper : How melancholy are my poor breeches; not one chink ! . — Far quhar. 142 SENIORS. Knowledge and Wisdom, far from being one, Have ofttimes no connection. Knowledge dwells In heads replete with thoughts of other men; Wisdom, in minds attentive to their own. Knowledge is proud that he has learned so much ; Wisdom is humble that he knows no more. — Cowper. ¥ Bachman : I never felt the kiss of love, Or maiden’s hand in mine. — Tennyson. Barba : And this is he whose chin is but enrich’d With one appearing hair. — Shakespeare. ( Adapted. ) Bittner : O, a most dainty man ! To see him walk before a lady, and to bear her fan. — Shakespeare. Brown : Talk six times with the same single lady, And you may get the wedding-dresses ready. — Byron . Butz ; My only books Were woman’s looks, And folly’s all they’ve taught me. — Moore. Dry : A coward; a most devout coward; religious in it. — Shakespeare. Henninger : Full many a flower is born to blush unseen And waste its sweetness on the desert air. — Gray . Hoffman : Methinks no face so gracious is as mine, No shape so true, no truth of such account, And for myself mine own worth do define, As I all others in all worths surmount. — Shakespeare. Karkau : I speak too long; but ’tis to piece the time, To eke it, and to draw it out in length. — Shakespeare. Krauss : The knot of fate at length is tied, The Churl is Lord, the Maid is Bride. — Scott. Laros : Describe him who can, An abridgment of all that was pleasant in man. — Goldsmith. 143 Mueller : Here’s a large mouth, indeed, That spits forth death and mountains, rocks and seas, Talks as familiarly of roaring lions, As maids of thirteen do of puppy-dogs. — Shakespeare . Pflueger : Again I hear that creaking step! He’s rapping at the door ! Too well I know the boding sound That ushers in a bore. I do not tremble when I meet The stoutest of my foes, But Heaven defend me from the friend Who comes — but never goes. — Saxe. F. A. Reiter : Behold the child, by Nature’s kindly law, Pleas’d with a rattle, tickled with a straw. — Pope. J. L. Reiter : He was embarrassed — never heio more, And as he knew not what to say, he swore. — Byron. Ritter : In Greek, un Latin, un Mathematics Waes ich gewiss zusawa gor nix; In Pennsylvanish Peutsch net so, Do kumma die worda wie gedroscha schtroh. Rombrrger : Nowhere so busy a man there was, And yet he seemed busier than he was. — Chaucer. Rudy : How sweet must be the lips that guard that tongue — Farqukar . Schantz : Fit for the mountains and the barb’rous caves Where manners ne’er were preached. — Shakespeare. Schneller : ’Twas strange, ' twas passing strange; Twas pitiful, ’twas wondrous pitiful. — Shakespeare. Smith : Liv’d in the saddle, lov’d the chase, the course, And always ere he mounted, kiss ' d his horse. — Cowper. Sterner : A form that men spy With half-shut eye In the beams of the setting sun, am I. — Scott. 144 JUNIORS. Eove is a sudden blaze, which soon decays, Friendship is like the sun’s eternal rays ; Not daily benefits exhaust the flame ; It is still is giving, and still burns the same.- Gay. a Bittner : Jake’s a great big fellow Weighs three hundred pound, Has he got much in him ! Awfully profounded. But he has one failing, He talks far too much, Constantly exhaling Pennsylvania Dutch. Boyer : Sollie is a hustler, Always on the go, He says very little, Simply does, you know. Breidenrach : This Breidie holds true, That “private devotion ” Is the best exciter Of fervent emotion. Deibert : A man of brain, a man of might, A man, a good and comely sight, A fool would Cupid be, forsooth, Had he not pierced so rare a youth. Ettinger : “ We’ve only Latin and Greek And French and German to-day, But what are they to me Where cards are on the gee? ’’ Hering : I am Ambrose B. C. Hering, And I oft devoutly wish That a prettier name had been my lot Than this, “ X. Y. Z. Fish.” Horn : A man in family fortunate, Whom fate has favored e’er ; A youth of gifts inordinate, But of a self-willed air. Kuhns : Kuhns is a lady-killer And fond of pretty frocks, He’s always drawing hearts away By his fetching, curly locks. 145 Laukr • Rill’s a versatile fellow, — In these he does e xcel; He’s an artist, teacher, and gymnast, And he dabbles in hearts as well. Marks : Dodger is a “ cut-up,” Of mischief he’s just full; And yet this isn’t all the truth, For he’s very sensible. Mauch : Mauch and Kuhns are closest chums, Where there’s one, there’s t’other; And either’s altogether lost If t’other he can’t bother. Michler : Doc is a very little man, And from his tiny size, His strength of mind and courage One ne’er would realize. Nickum : “ Though I do more work than all, And am treated much less fair, I am unappreciated And told I shoot hot-air.” Peters : Peters is an ornament, At work he is ne’er seen, And prompt for any classes He hasn’t ever been. Schock : “To bed, to bed, you sleepy-head,” Is what to you is always said. Yet if but know the fellows might What hours late you keep at night, They’d find themselves mistaken quite. Shimer : Shimer is a schemer, And if his years had giv’11 Their share of Wisdom’s store, he’d be The wisest man in ’Nineteen Sev’n. 146 SOPHOMORES. He fareth best who cheateth best Be he or great or small ; Yet the dear God who loveth us, He made and loveth all — Coleridge. (Adapted ) ff Anthony : As syrup in the winter-time Is known not to be swift, So to our dear friend Anthony Rapidity’s no gift. Buck : Beck says nothing But does a lot ; And where he goes We know not. Cor.KMAN : ’Twas always thought that Coleman Was whole in every part, Until discover ' d lately That he has lost his heart. DeiberT : Always looking at the moon And thinking he’s in love, And paying visits by the day, And crying out “ Bah Jove.” Jacks : By his voice we always know him, And his sociability And his undisguised opinion Of his own ability. Reiter : For length of limb he’s unsurpass’d By anyone at College here ; Where’er he goes ’tis alway cast, “ Say, mister, is it cold up there ? ” Kuhc : The weed’s his friend, And sleep without end. Krause : Has great volubility Void of profundity, Spouts many a dart ; Needs bear in mind ever That mouth and mind never Can suffer to part. Marsh : Always in hard luck is he, A son of great calamity ; In love he’s ever being bounced, And for his slowness being trounced. 47 Pauses : Paules ne’er had th’ experience Of hard Freshnianic days, But really he is none the worse In a hundred different ways Rudh : Rudli is a fearfully noisy fellow, His chief delight is to yell and bellow, And argue on things he doesn’t know, And go to every poor, cheap show. Schatz : Remember, Schatz, you haven’t time For sportiness and scholarship ; Give up the pipe and song and wine, Or else your hopes of “ First ” will slip. Seyler : The “ Dagger Scene ” ’s his hobby, And that he knows so well, That even in his sleep he cries “ To heaven, or to hell.” Stump : His name is Stump, With many a bump. He conquered all In basketball. Umbenhauer : He’s the breaker-in of new men, He’s the taker-in of green men, He’s the laughing-stock of keen men, And the enemy of few men. Weaver : We laugh at Lizzy for getting busy And learning how to sew, Laugh not too loudly, for some day, proudly, He’ll be a much-sought beau. Ziegenfuss : Whatever dealings you may have With him, of this be very sure, That he, though seeming innocent Is looking for a sinecure. 148 149 FUN AND ITS MAKERS. Dr. O. : “ What is that called which acts as a complement to the imagination?” Bittner, ’07: ” An indescribable something.” Dr. E. (to Boyer, ’07, after the latter had recited) : “ Now, Solomon, take a good Latin tonic. Take it three times a day.” Dr. W. (to Herring, ’07, hesitating to pronounce plume ): " Make a fish mouth, then you can pronounce it.” Dr. W : 11 Ach, Herr Shinier, ihnen faehlt etwas in dem Oberstuebchen.” Shimer, ’07 : “ What does that mean " Dr. W. : 11 That means that something is wrong in your upper story.” Shimer, ’07 : “ But, Doctor, I have a fine parlor in my upper story.” Dr. W. : “ But you have a big door to it.” Breidenbach, ’07, translating Chaucer rendered ‘‘lokkes crulle ” (curly locks) as ‘‘ cruel looks.” ETTINGER, ’07, (translating Chaucer): “ Full many a patriarch (partrich) had he in his maw.” Bittner, ’07, (to Shimer, ’07) : ” Who was the man Crecy ?” Horn, ’07 : 11 Doctor, how much did the stiff cost ?” Dr. W. : “ If you please, don’t be irregular.” Krause, ’08, riding to college on the car one morning remarked, “ I ought to have walked this morning, I feel so dull in my stomach.” Krause, ’08, on entering the gymnasium for the first time in a full suit remarked to the fellows : “ Mv lower extremities are stronger developed than my higher extremities.” Bittner, ’07, (in Chemical Laboratory) : ” Professor, what is the signal for alkaline am- monium tartrate?” Dr. W. (to Bittner, ’07, about to recite in German, but hesitating unduly) : ‘‘ Well, Bitt- ner, wollen sie nicht bald los schieszen?” Dr. H. : ” If you hear the sound of a bell at 12 o ' clock, what will that suggest?” Kuhns, ’07 : ” The place where the bell (belle) is.” Prof. H. (to ’08) : “ I can readily excuse the absence of the regulars.” Dr. H. : 11 What will thinking of the front door suggest?” Hering, ’07: ‘ The hall-way.” ??? Bittner, ' 07, (in Dr. W’s room) : “ An autocrat is one who preaches that his inspiration comes direct from God.” Mauch, ’07, (in Dr. W’s room) : “ Kuhns is one of the substances out of which laxatives are made.” Bittner, ’07, (in Bible Study) : ” Rahel was mourning for her young.” 150 Dr. H. (in Psychology) : “A man who has fallen in love with a woman remembers only her separate features, but a woman in love with a man remembers him as a totality.” Dr. 0 . : 11 Have you ever read Thanatopsis?” Kuhl, ’08 : ” Parts of it.” Dr. B. : “ Where did Daniel live?” Bittner, ’07 : 11 Partly at Babylon and partly at Jerusalem.” Dr. W. (to Horn, ’07, who was rather talkative) : “ Not so much horn-blowing, we have now German. Dr. W. to Hering : 11 Hering, go down to your pool.” Dr. W. : “ What does asinus mean ?” Ettinger : “ Arsenic.” Dr. H. (in logic) : “ What must be observed in applying the method of difference?” Keiter, ’08 : You must be careful not to be mizzled [misled]. Kuhns, ’07, (to Dr. W.) : “ What is the symbol for apatite (appetite) ?” Dr. W. : “ Sour-crout.” Dr. E. (on remarking to 1907 on the fact that Domitian required that he be addressed by his subjects as Our Lord God ) : ” Such a fellow evidently had rooms to let in his garret.” Schock, ’07, (in German) : “ Hering’s hair are highly differentiated scales.” Barba, ’06 : “ I would rather drink the cup of hemlock than be joined by the bond of wedlock.” Shimer, ’07 : ” We all have a warm spot in our hearts for you, Doctor.” Dr. W. : “ Yes, but I could not boil a soup on it.” Dr. E. : “ What men may be named as typical Celts?” NiCKUM, ’07 : ‘‘Shakespeare and Keats.” Bittner, ’07, (to Rudolph, ’09) : “ You were not born in geometrical ratio.” Keiter, ’08, (to Professor R. after the latter had made an explanation in Chemistry) : “ How was that, papa ?” Dr. W. (asking with reference to the beheading of Charles I) : ‘‘Wo haben sie ihn entliauptet ?” Barba, ’06 : 11 Im Knick.” Dr. W. : “ Wahrhaftig, wo sonst ?” Dr. H. (lesson on Moses) : “ What did the voice say that proceeded out of the burning bush ?” Schock, ’07, (after reflection) : ‘‘ The voice of one crying in the wi ' derness.” Dr. E. : “ Is it a great loss to us if God sees fit to call us into another world ?” Barba, ’06 : It just depends upon what world we are called to. Dr. B. : ‘‘ Mr. Rudh, put your finger on that equation right in front of your nose.” Rudh, ’08, reaches ta the top of the board. Dr. B. : “ Your nose isn’t that big.” RiTTER, ’06, (in English) : “ Ye men that have wives.” Dr. B : “ Mr. Smith, what is religion ?” Smith, ’06 : “ It is that which covers everything.” Barba, ’06 : ” Es ist nur ein Barba.” Karkau, ’o6 : “ Gott sei dank.” Dr. W. : “ We have this statement in the New Testament by whom ?” Rhodes, ’09 : “ Herodotus.” Dr. E. : 11 How do you decline duo?” Hamm, ’09 : “ Duus, dua, duum.” Dr. E. : 11 Don’t do us in that way.” Dr. B. : 11 Smith, why is the rainbow semicircular?” Smith, ’06 : ” Because il is the shadow of a projection of the earth ?” Barba, ’06 : ” Rudy, are you going out star-gazing this evening?” Rudy, ’o 6 : 11 No I had my star gazing on Saturday and Sunday.” Dr. B. : “ Through what organ of the body does the mind act?” Smith, 06 : “ The eye.” Dr. B. : “Mr. Sterner.” Sterner, ’06 : “The heart.” I)r. O. : ” Don’t you know who Benjamin Franklin was?” Green, ’09, (after a long pause) : ” Oh, yes ! I know. Didn’t he invent lightning?” Dr. H. : 11 Who was the great English historian and logician?” (Hume.) Marsh, ’08 : ‘ Aristotle.” Dr. B. : 11 Whom did Charlotte Cordav assassinate?” Keiter, ’08: “Mozart.” Dr. E. : “ Mr. Smith, what is an atom ?” Smith, ’06 : “ An atom — is an invisible substance — in the ether which helps to bind things together.” Dr. E. : “ Then it must be a sort of invisible glue.” Dr. E. : Name the most famous apology known in history. Hering, ’07 : Crito’s Apology. Dr. O. (to the Juniors) : Refer to your appendix for an outline of the principal works of fiction. 152 OBSERVATIONS AND COMMENTS. ti The slowness of some fellows should be more obsolescent. Vain fellows seem to live in vain. When some of our sissies try to look handsome, they have serious obstacles to face. Ponies are some student’s cronies. Some fellows’ plum trees fail to drop their fruit at examination time. The exhalations from a stiff are rather too suggestive to promote a good appetite ; at any rate a dissecting room and an eating room have hardly enough in common to warrant their being in close proximity. In the classroom hot air should be kept on cold storage. A good way for a class to show its independence (?) is to run away for its banquet without permission and thus discard the saner examples of its predecessors. Some Seniors evidently have been refreshed , i. e., have become fresh again. Husband means house-bound ; it would be very good if more men would remain true to their title. In Icelandic, sofa means to sleep ; how different in English ! In Chaucer we read, “ Womman is mannes joye and al his blis maybe the fellows who find so little joy and bliss in their books think the same. By a strange process of evolution setting forth in a practical manner the principle of con- tinuity, or rather of continuousness, love’s happy consummation was reached at East Green- ville last Christmas vacation. In this joyful event a young lady, one of our most worthy Seniors, and one of our most esteemed Professors figured. “ Amor vincit omnia. " We are often told that love is an evanescent flower of youth. We trust it may not be true. Scraps picked for the pleasure there is in reconciliation are hardly objectionable. Prof. W. D. Miller, of the University of Berlin, declares that the kiss of a beautiful woman may and does, under certain circumstances, bring a surer and more horrible death than the bite of a serpent. Gentlemen, beware. When you are hard up is the time to let down easy. Think what an immense amount of extra work in Greek might have been furnished us by the 700,000 volumes of the Alexandrian Library, nevertheless we thank Caliph Omar most heartily for his kind consideration for the students of Muhlenberg College. 153 Prof. Horn announced to the Freshmen class that all he expected of them was to become so familiar with the Attic dialect that they could read any ordinary text intelligently without the trouble of translation. Poor Freshmen ! and are you to be transformed into Greeks 1 That must have had a very touching effect indeed on an Athenian audience when Antigone slew all her children ! ! ! A fact as remarkable as Ben Jonson’s dictionary ! In order to be sure of making an impression on its Alma Mater, a class ought constantly to annoy the faculty like the present Seniors. Some fellows’ stunts are truly stunning. The best way to make the professors believe you know it all is to cheat in recitations and examinations like the Sophomores. Aesthetic taste must have reached an abnormal stage of development in some professors and students, judging by their great attachment to Pennsylvania German. There is no reason why Seniors should encourage Sophomores to discard sane precedent and employ their funds in unlawful and unjustifiable ways. Evidently some students expect after the manner of Cato to become proficient in Latin and Greek as octogenarians. The highest ideal of some students seems to be to look just as tough as possible, judging at least, by their frightful hats. It is sometimes claimed as a special privilege by students to act the rogue in public. 154 SOME MODERNIZED SAWS. v ’Tis better to have bluffed and flunked Than never to have bluffed at all. Of all sad words of tongue or pen The saddest are these I’ve loafed again. Fain would I pony but that I fear to fall. If thy heart fails thee do not pony at all. There are some men at college have no other thought Than to suck and be sucked each day. A good report doeth good like a medicine. Bumming is the thief of time. One swallow does not make a summer, nor one guy a college. Spend no strength in study ; Exams, alone can bring you worry. A dishonest man is the most shameful work of the devil. Bluffing is the sole palladium of ignorance. He who steals my purse steals trash. (Applies without alteration to students in general.) An easy lesson maketh a cheerful countenance. Some dreams we have are nothing else but dreams. (Very true of exemption from Exams, last December. ) Hot air and inefficiency, now and forever, one and inseparable. Seest thou a man diligent at ponj’ing? He shall stand in Latin or Greek ; he shall not remain sitting. 155 STUDIOSORUM JUDICIA. submitted in The spirit of Salmagundi " to instruct the young, reform THE OI.D, AND CASTIGATE THE AGE.” (f It can hardly be denied that to offend the noses of an entire college in order to accommo- date three or four students of human anatony, shows lack of consideration for the comfort of persons not connected with such work. To burden any department of the college curriculum with such an amount of work as to render it out of proportion with others co-ordinate with it shows, to say the least, excessive enthusiasm, and is very unjust to the other departments. A professor’s conscience when unmollified with reason and common sense inevitably becomes extremely oppressive. Partiality never escapes the notice of a student body. Those poor clergymen who seek to discourage Athletics, the Glee Club, the Dramatic Asso- ciation, and every other student enterprise, should have lived a century or more ago when they might have applied their antiquated ideas. Philosophizing and moralizing, though ever so excellent in quality and value, hardly help to clarify classic texts. When educated men in general fear to address the student body, it is high time that the latter become sensible and reasonable critics. It is very unfortunate that the time of the Faculty meeting must conflict with a period in the Chemical Laboratory. “ Sarcasm is the natural language of the devil.” A professor should never make any statement as authentic unless he knows it to be absolutely true. No professor ' s dignity will suffer, if he extends a hearty greeting to every student when- ever the occasion offers. Some parsons’ sons seem to be very precious articles. Though a professor has had every advantage as to time, talent, means, etc., when he attended college, he should nevertheless be able to sympathize with those less fortunate. WHEN WE SWEATED IN DECEMBER. v v I ' is needless to expatiate On honesty’s predominance, And lengthy tales to you relate That honor ' s never eyed askance, When men of work, of worth, and power Meet in examination’s hour. Blit such are not the men, alas, Such men who are self-confident, Who man the ranks of every class Which all those hours so vainly spent In one long week of useless test, Of fruitless worry and unrest. That week of nineteen five the last Caused many a heated brow to sweat, Though bleak December’s surly blast, As each wayfarer’s cheek it met, Was armed with Winter’s biting frost; — To heat of tests the power was lost. The sweat by heated tests attained With great disgrace by some was sealed; Their dyed escutcheons deeply stained, Their honor, trailed in dust, revealed — Besmirched, bespattered, and betrayed ! O, shame on those of nineteen eight And others all their name de. rade That tlieir’s may be a higher rate ! These men themselves have justified For action so involved with shame, By claiming that they would abide By honor firm and their good name, Should they from these ordeals be free Who proved their merit previously. Exemption ! boon of wholesome joy, Of modern wisdom sage and true ! How thoroughly void of all alloy With hope, ambition, zeal, all new, It deeply stirred each loyal heart Of those who had been ever pleased That they were reckoned as a part Of their dear college not the least ! 157 But cruelly shattered was our hope By those Sir Oracles of ours, For we could never hope to cope With such austere and august powers; The hope they vainly had incited By their austerity was blighted. However deep the wounds they made, Though anguish, sorrow, and despair Filled each one’s soul so sore dismayed, Brave Duty and Honor, parted ne’er, The ruling passion still remained In hearts that could be self-contained. The Sophomores in their sore plight Resolved old honor to revoke; Their bargain lost, the Senior’s might By their refusal bravely spoke; The Juniors and the Freshmen alone Let no condition for honor atone. And whether honorably or not, With mutterings here by some and there, The students all their common lot Accepted; torment was their share ; Yet bravely, nobly, and with cheer, Without a shadow of a fear, Their bodies, minds, and even hearts, Their souls divine, immortal selves, To the cold, unerring, piercing darts From hands of these relentless elves, These lovers of examinations, They gave with placid countenance, To aid them make their term notations, Though ever treacherous is chance. That week so very drear and long, So full of suffering, loss, and pain, For dear old Alma Mater’s throng, Of sorrow bore an endless chain; And well we knew the detriment That mind and body underwent In this, the plague of many schools, The most unjust of teachers’ tools. 158 ’Twas sad those noble ranks to view, So fair, so brilliant, and so strong Before themselves in line they drew For these ordeals so very wrong, As weary in step, with haggard mien, And quivering lip, and pallid cheek, They issued forth where they had been Exposed to fate for all the week. But did they weep, those boys of fate, When thus their glory was rudely sullied ? Not they, for self-control innate Was theirs, though all their hopes were buried; But after woe came new delight At their notations’ happy sight. MUHLENBERG DELEGATION TO HARVARD COLLEGE. T HE purpose of this delegation is to witness a presentation in Greek of Esehylus’ Agamemnon on June 1 8 , 1906. As is natural, only the best Greek students of the College have been selected, and of these Mr. Smith has been appointed to submit a faithful report to the students after their return. The following are the delegates : Jacob w. Bittner, William F. Deibert, Ambrose B. C. Hering, Frank H. Marsh, J. Myron Shimer, William B. Smith, Leidy B. Sterner, Leroy P. Umbenhauer. 59 the: making OF A GRADUATE EXAMINATIONS FROM A PRACTICAL POINT OF VIEW. a I N view of our recent disappointment after we had been led to expect so much, a practical discussion of the place and value of examinations in college will, in our estimation, be altogether appropriate. No one can deny that the normal student hates nothing in all the world worse than examinations, and the purpose of this article is to show how he looks upon examinations. One reason why examinations meet with such universal disfavor is that the quality of chance can never be entirely eliminated from them, however fair they may be. The student who knows everything about the subject covered is a very rare exception, while the rank and file of a class can never feel wholly confident, but always find themselves subject to the vacillating fortune of lottery. Many a student knows this from personal experience, and is willing to acknowledge that often he passed well in examinations when he deserved to pass poorly and vice versa. Not only are examinations odious because of the lottery connected with them, but they are also extremely irksome because of the immense expenditure of the energy of students. One week of examinations causes a greater nervous strain than an entire year of steady, conscientious work. This is true even without study immediately preceding an examination, and doubly so with such study. The question arises must every student study in preparation for an examination. We answer most emphatically, yes, if he means at all to do full justice to himself. All this talk about being always prepared for an examination without any special study is merely one of those prevalent pedagogical insincerities palmed off on students for effect. However faithful a student may have been, an examination necessitates a review of the whole subject. Now this is possible only when one or two examinations are in question, but think of doing this for a whole week of examinations ! Even Hercules would shrink from such a task. The general review of an entire subject, necessitated by a term examination, is claimed to be highly beneficial. Universal experience will testify that this is but partially true in the case of single examinations and is practically a falsehood in the case of a series of examinations extending over a whole week when nothing but mere cramming for the moment is possible. Occasional tests, provided they occur at proper intervals, preserve some of the benefits claimed for the term examinations, and, as for the rest, we believe they are unattainable. 161 Without a doubt the most distressing feature of term examinations is that no lasting benefit is derived from them, and yet this imaginary benefit is supposed to compensate for the enormous loss of vitality on the part of students. Every student is willing to confess that all study preliminary to examinations is of such a character as to be practically of no value afterward, while the disciplinary value of examinations, if there is any at all, has ceased long before the student gets to college. Examinations are said to act as an impetus to harder study during the term. To this we would say that the conscientious student does not need such a bugbear to drive him to his duty, and the indifferent student will not be frightened into action if a million bugbears loom up before him. Yet the earnest student can not help but have that terrible week at the end of the term always before him, and so while seeking faithfully to perform his duty, he is oppressed by the thought of inevitable examinations preying continually upon his mind. This is tyranny, to say the least. We have, therefore proven that students do not need examinations. Do teachers? No, not where daily marking is the rule. The marks given in the daily recitation are far more accurate and just in determining a student’s rating than those obtained by examinations. It is extremely doubtful whether exam- inations are of any aid at all in ascertaining a student’s true standard. Any person who has had experience in teaching knows this for himself. Remember that we talk of term examinations, not of the so-called test which is necessary to determine the standards of students where the lecture system is employed. Since, then, no justifiable reason for examinations can be found, why on earth do they exist? We know not, unless they belong to an antiquated type of creatures whose excessive vitality has enabled them to prolong their existence beyond their proper age. Exemption seems to us to be the only reasonable way of disposing of examinations, exemption not absolute, but limited — limited to such as attain a certain rank. This would certainly serve as an impetus to steady work. If examinations can not induce any one to hard work, certainly the possi- bility of escaping their unpleasantness would. Exemption is especially desirable where certain classes who refuse the honor system can be dishonest in examina- tion with such great profit to themselves, at least as far as their marks are con- cerned. We firmly believe that examinations can not be defended either from a pedagogical, or a psychological, or even a moral standpoint. 162 DOCTOR LAWYER MINISTER DUDE TOUGH WORDS DEFINED FOR READY REFERENCE. v Allentown Fair : An appurtenance of Muhlenberg College tolerated one week annually, whose purpose is to give a general all-around education. Cards : A convenient substitute for difficult lessons. College : An educational sausage-grinder, which turns out some finished and some unfinished products. Commencement: An annual college show designed to inform the public of the wonderful transformations effected by a college course. Conscience : A thing which ought to be employed in examinations. Courtship : A pleasant prelude resulting generally in a happy sequence; some times, however, the prelude is rather strenuous, also the sequence, b ut in a contrary manner. Deodorizer : A substance which overcomes one smell by another much worse. Illustration in the dissecting room. Duck Farm : A place accessible to students in search of new spirits. Dude : A walking clothes’ frame of cheap material, commonly used by clothing establish- ments to advertise the latest styles. Examination : An occasion when students have the short end and professors the long end ; a useless relic of barbarism Euphemisms : quizz and test. Flirting : A low form of heart itch resulting in vulgar facial distortion. Flunk : A polite and modest refusal on the part of a student to act at a professor’s bidding. Freshness: A quality desirable in groceries, meats, etc., but not in students, though frequently predominating in the latter, especially in Freshmen. Freshman : A fellow sent to college to be humanized by the Sophomores. Freshman Play : A time when Sophomores give their last exhibition of foolishness. Girls : Roses half-blown, full-blown, or over-blown, pluckable or unpluckable, thriving excellently along the path of a college course ; the unpluckable kind are so rapidly growing extinct that it is desired to secure several specimens for the College Museum. Honor System : A method of examination by which the dishonest are enabled to cheat. Hot Air : An imponderable and intangible fluid which diffuses very rapidly and soon vanishes, leaving absolutely no effect. Junior : A fellow whose future is less definite than his past. Junior Oratorical Contest : A period of hot violent winds occurring on or about the day of the summer solstice. Kicker : A mule who got to college by mistake and needs to be sat on every day. 164 Love : A sudden and usually prolonged form of heart failure, generally painless, but often resulting in a varied series of complications ; — very rarely fatal. Love-Spats : Cupid’s temporary refrigerators. PROFESSORS : A race of legendary origin, whose chief characteristic is that they are the men behind the flunks. Senior : A term applied to a man of the fourth year at college, and usually not indicative of dignity or scholarship. Si.ang : Language which is permissible in student sanctums, but not in the hearing of respectable ears. Sophomore : A fellow who retains some Freshman freshness, excels in his own foolishness, and should aim to imitate the manliness of upper class men Sport : One whose main study is to discover his purpose at college. Stiff : A person not so omnipotent as omni--present, nor so omni-present asomni — smellable. Study : A pastime sometimes indulged in when there is nothing else to be done. SweeeHd-Head : A peculiar cephalic derangement accompanied generally bv a distention of the parts, known since time immemorial, and always incurable. Tough : The public’s idea of the average college student. Work : An offense against good society, in some quarters rapidly growing obsolete. A TROUBLESOME BEAST. ' I ' HERE came to the college an innocent youth, Far removed from his home and acquaintance in sooth He saw his new friends use a strange little beast, Which ever was faithful, ne’er balked in the least. The excellent work of the beast he had viewed, One purchased, but only himself to delude: To his study he went and mounted at once, But the beast made of him but a perfect dunce. “ Come on, little beast, your worth now attest,” Spake the rider so gayly to his pony at rest; But the pony so strangely as Balaam’s bold ass Made reply, “amo stare , I ' m not in your class.” Then the rider with mingled surprise and rage Spake louder the pony’s mind to engage, 11 I bought you, I own you, you are in my class, Though to stand is delightful, think not I ' m a lass.” “ Go on now,” I say, “and beware of delay.” But the pony still bold replied the same way As before, “ Mein Fatter , Mein Fatter Zuerst, " And the boy scarcely knew what word to say first. A good fill of food to the pony he proffered, And before he could speak, the good food thus offered Made his liorsie exclaim, ” detector , detector ,” But his horsie so greedy soon asked him for more. The beast was still standing, the youth fairly wroth Now yelled, “ Go ahead; dost refuse, though I loath Thee to pain, I will cudgel thee numb for thy pride.” Only ” estin ienar,” this queer beast replied. “ Tis possible , go, and this cudgel ' s rough blow Thou hast,” said the boy, and the pony so slow Made answer, “ IVirst fallen , wirst fallen , I trow,” But the pony began at last to go. The pony quite quickly increased his speed, The rider was careless to take proper heed ; And suddenly down with a thud he fell, — But since he oft tried, and now rides right well. 1 66 NEW COURSES WITH THEIR RESPECTIVE PROFESSORS AND STUDENTS. e I N accordance with the progressive spirit of the College, several new and attractive courses have been added to the regular College curriculum, though most of them had existed for years, but had never been recognized as being on a par with other complete courses, such as Greek, Philosophy, and Mathe- matics. The work done in these departments is very thorough, and the professors and instructors employed very competent. That these courses are attractive and popular is shown by the large number of students electing them. We herewith submit a sketch of each course, together with the professor and students of each. CHAIR OF PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN. Professor, . . Milton N. H. Ritter, D. D., ( Doctor of Dutch. ) Dr. Ritter is doing excellent work. He meets his class, which is very progressive and enthusiastic, daily at 12 o’clock meridiem the assembly room. STUDENTS. Thomas H. Bachman, Jacob W. Bittner, Harry J. Butz, Wieeie S. Dry, Harold W. EareE T Henninger, J. Luther Reiter, John W. B. SchanTz, Wieetam B. Smith, Shoknberger. CHAIR OF SMOKING. Professor, . . Chari.ES W. Ettingkr, P. D., (Doctor of Puffing.) Dr. Ettinger is an able and experienced man, and uses only the most approved methods. Special attention is paid in this department to the most modern methods of smoking, curling, inhaling, etc., chiefly by means of the cigarette. Dr. Ettinger is ably assisted by Mr. Russel C. Mauch, a graduate of the Hellertown Corn Cob Academy. His specialty is, of course, the corn cob pipe. Harry G. Bender, James A. Bossard, WlEEIAM F. DEIBERT, Nevin P. Fegeey, Rufus E- Kern, George Kuhe, Howard H. Krauss, STUDENTS. Squire O. W. H. Nickum, Edgar V. Nonamaker, Ralph H. Schatz, John S. Schneeeer, J. Myron Shimer, Leroy P. Umbenhauer, Frederick J. Wilt, Peter N. Wohesen. Special student in addition to work as teacher. Special student on Corn Cob. Pursues course in spite of Maud’s protests. CHAIR OF FLIRTING AND SPOONING. PROFHSSOR, . . F ' rkderick A. Reiter, F. R. S., ( Fellow of Real Spooning. ) These kindred departments have been rapidly brought to the front under the skilful direction of Mr. Reiter. His spirit is fully in his work, especially on Glee Club trips, when he is also nobly assisted by Mr. Francis H. Smith. STUDENTS. Harry G. Bender, James A. Bossard, H. Leon Breidenbach, William F. Deibert, Willie S. Dry, Charles W. Ettinger, Charles T. Jacks, A. Charles R. Keiter, Peter N. Wohlsen, Frank H. Marsh, Russel C. Mauch, Harry J. Peters, Luther A. Pflueger,|| Ralph R. Rudolph, Ralph H. Schatz, John W. B. Schantz, Leroy P. Umbenhauer, George Kuhl CHAIR OF THE BOTTLE. Professor, . John B. Schantz, B. D., (Doctor of the Bottle.) Dr. Schantz is exceptionally well qualified for this work, and is a very apt teacher, pro- ceeding along the line of the esophagus more than along the line of pedagogy. His special assistant is Mr. George Kuhl. Harry G. Bender, James A. Bossard, Charles W. Ettinger, Willie S. Dry, STUDENTS. Nevin P. Fegley, Charles T. Jacks, Ralph H. Schantz, Leroy P. Umbenhauer. |||| CHAIR OF CARDS. Professor, . . Willie S. Dry, S. T. D., (Doctor of Systematic Tricks.) This is now the most generally elected course at the College and Dr. Dry is succeeding in ever arousing still greater enthusiasm for this kind of work. Mr. August Karkau assists Dr. Dry. We mention only the most advanced students. John E. Albert, Solomon J. Boyer, H. Leon Breidenbach, Charles W. Ettinger, Edward T. Horn, Rufus E. Kern, Harold E. Kuhns, Charles A. Laubach, Frank H. Marsh, Special student in addition to work as teacher. Pursues course in spite of Maud’s protests. || Special student in the male department. || || Sits on keg in his room. STUDENTS. Russel C. Mauch, Edgar V. Nonamaker, Harry J. Peters, Ralph R. Rudolph, John W. B. Schantz, Harold W. Shoenberger, Leroy P. Umbenhauer, Peter N. Wohlsen, Warren A. Zikgenfuss. CHAIR OF NOTHING DOING. Professor, . . Harry G. Bender, LL. D., ( Doctor of Legalized Laziness. ) Dr. Bender, who easily excels everybody else in doing nothing, can be found daily at all hours anywhere in the basement of the Main Building. Mr. Harry J. Peters ably assists Dr. Bender. STUDENTS. James A. Bossard, Wile tam F. Deibert, Charles W. Ettinger, Nevin P. Fegley, Claude O. Hoffman, Charles T. Jacks, George Kdhl, Peter n. Robert F. Kline, Bryan W. Laros, Frank PI. Marsh, Carbin C. Miller, Walter E. Schock, Harold W. Shoenberger, Leroy P. Umbenhauer, Wohlsen. The following professorships are still vacant, for which it is hoped that competent teachers can be hired in due time : CHAIR OF THE HONOR SYSTEM. Some able-bodied person is desired to teach all cribbers the honor system. CHAIR OF PETITION WRITING. Some person temperate at least in temper is desired for the place. N B — Where nothing is said of a place and time of meeting, none have been specially provided for Special student in addition to work as teacher. I. O. O. F. INDEPENDENT ORDER ORGANIZED FLUNKERS. a Grand Master, OFFICERS. William B. Smith Deputy Grand Master, Leidy B. Sterner Secretary, Frank H. Marsh Treasurer, Harold W. Shoenberger COMMITTEE ON NEW MEMBERS. J. Myron Shimer, Chairman. Charles W. Ettinger, William F. Deibe MEMBERS Harry G. Bender, Jacob W. Bittner, Warren E. Bittner, James A. Bossard, Allen W. Butz, William F. Deibert, Charles W. Ettinger, Nevin P. F ' egley, A. B. C. Hering, Claude O. Hoefman, Charles T. Jacks, Robert F. Kline, Frank IT Marsh, Squire Oliver Wendell Holmes Nickum, Harry J. Peters, Harry T. Y. Seyler, J. Myron Shimer, Harold W. Shoenberger, William B. Smith, Leidy B. Sterner, Leroy P. Umbenhauer, 170 Is he your choice, then here behold Your reverend father, hairy and old. 171 SOPHOMORE PAINTING AND BILLPOSTING COMPANY, Ltd. HIS company is composed of eighteen members, of whom the three leading ones are Rudh, Umbenhauer, and Weaver. It does not guarantee its work, because it is unable to use the best materials. Inspired by the Freshman, the men started their business at Muhlenberg College. In order to advertise their business, they planned to give a free exhibition of their skill, by trying to paint the City of Allentown green, and by putting up large Sopho- more-like posters in all the prominent places in the city. After due deliberation, they selected the month of September, 1905, as being the most propitious time for their art. Accordingly, one of the three leading partners in the company was ordered to procure some green paint at Aineyville, where they were able to procure a good bargain. This purchase exhausted the companies treasury to such an extent, that it was forced to make a special assess- ment on each member of the firm. With the new funds they were also able to get their posters. They began their tour through the city at 1 1 P. M., on a dark and damp night. They selected this time for their work, because their constitution demanded that they should not work, when Old Sol was watching them. They painted rocks and fence-rails, and posted bills until — presto ! change ! ! they were in the station house, occupying very comfortable quarters. When they had recovered their senses and had surveyed their elegant surroundings, they gave way to wailing and lamentation. When searched, the following articles were found among them : Four white- wash brushes, five buckets of flour-paste, several posters, and ten toy pistols with which they had provided themselves to scare the Freshman, if they attempted to interfere. These articles were confiscated after their trial, where they had been used as evidence. They were found guilty of disturbing the peace of the city, of tresspassing, and of promiscuous advertising. They had the alternative of ten days in the cooler, or fifty dollars fine. They chose the latter, to pay which they used some of the money saved from their Freshman play. Soon after their trial, a bill of twenty dollars was received from the Allen- town College for Women. They had tried their skill in decorating the building with their paint and posters, and in so doing, they disturbed the slumbering students and incurred the damage. They paid this sum on the installment plan. After this sorrowful experience, all the members of the firm solemnly vowed that they would give up their enterprise forever. 172 THE IDEAL PROFESSOR. ’ I ‘HE title professor but little distinction Of merit, high honor, or great learning bears, For a master of dances, or trainer of dogs, Or boot-black, et ceteia , the same glory shares. Americans lightly this title disgraced Till now it has come into great disrepute, But the boys of our college its full worth retain, And seek prevailing disuse to refute. Professor, or doctor as often we say, Is meant to convey only honor, esteem ; ’Tis true there are some whom rather than others We thus love to reverence e’en more than we seem. Since time immemorial and first college days. The teacher has toiled ' neath the critical eye Of his students ; their judgment both censure and praise Has been, as the years speeding on went by. Then show us the teacher we love and revere. ’Tis not the rank marker so void of all feeling, Who flunks a whole host without even a tear ; Nor the marvellous barker his hot air out-dealing, From whom only words, idle words we e’er hear ; Nor the teacher whose conscience no reason e ' er knows Whether absences or whate’er else be concerned Nor he whose department excessive work shows, Who his proper relation has never yet learned. The doctor of learning, of training, and skill, The professional master delights college boys, Who ever is pleasant, sympathetic, and kind, And honest and noble, their sports well enjoys. We like the professor who knows he can trust us And shows by his action he knows us and loves us, Who does not obey his own little whims, Nor all the day long is lording it o’er us. A school that employs only men such as this. Her honor and station will surely secure, And he whom she honors as one of her sons Will in turn reflect honor and true love assure. 173 THE IDEAL STUDENT. v 1 IORE numerous than all the night’s shining stars, Or sands on the shore of the deep, roaring sea, Are the types of young manhood in college halls marshalled ’Mong cities’ distractions or mountain or lea. These types in endless variety grow In rampant luxuriance of folly and sin, But also in glorious resplendence of virtue, Of worth and nobility, such as few win. The men who grace or disgrace the precincts Of Muhlenberg’s stately and classical halls, The self-same species of character show; Some vanity rules, some honesty calls. For some ’tis an ever unsolved enigma To know when to labor and how and why; Some merely exist but for the existing, And can their existence not e’en justify. And some regard loafing supernal bliss; To loaf and to smoke to their hearts’ content In constant, laborious, and slumberous ease, To them brings more joy than a season well spent. Some few, sad to say, delight in carousing, Love ball- and bar- and billiard-rooms; Some trifle with vice, that demon of evil; — Ere ebb of the Spring sin’s blowing bud blooms. And some love to wear society’s mask, To ape all its folly esteem as their duty; Some only are pleased with the drawing-room’s splendor, Their shallowness basking before a vain beauty. Then there is the man who is satisfied never, E’en not with himself, much less with the college, Who thinks all the teachers, equipment, and books Are far too deficient to give him his knowledge. At Muhlenberg also we find that rare class Who study and worry and waste away; Their only concern is their lessons and marks; No time for anything else have they. Then too that pest of all classes and climes, The man of hot air, our ranks also mars; His boisterous blusterings, babblings so vain, Their stench distribute which wisdom debars. 174 But in joy be it said the student ideal, Of heaven and friends the pride and delight, With us has a place high above all his fellows, And there he towers a glorious sight. And in this station sublime and lofty, In unapproachable grandeur he sways, Shedding dignity, honor and lustre and light On his dear Foster Mother, thus winning her praise. But how may we know this noble young man? He’s honest, industrious, virtuous, generous ; His dear Alma Mater he tenderly loves, Her honor and fame to guard ever is zealous. To his friends he is kind, to himself he is true, In all things is modest, but fearless the right To pursue; he loves college games and glee, And in all takes a part with spirit and might. This then is the student ideal both loved And admired alike by stranger and student; We’re glad he graces our midst, but would There were more who like him are upright and prudent. FAVORITE FRESHMAN NURSERY RHYMES. Twinkle, twinkle, diamond stud. How I wonder what you are, Hanging like a piece of mud On a full dress shirt front. I’m only a few years old, Yet I can speak a piece; I’ll tell you what we have at home— Some chickens, ducks, and geese. 175 A SERMON BY “JAKE” BITTNER. v D URING the Fall of 1912, while making our trans-continental trip from New York City to San Francisco, in a Winton Touring Car, we came to a country cross-road at 5.30, one Saturday afternoon. Upon inquiring how far it was to the nearest town in the direction in which we were going, we were informed that it was forty-seven miles. Thereupon we decided to take supper at the hotel, which, together with a country store, was located on one corner. A church was located on the corner diagonally opposite the hotel. The church itself was built back from the road. The space between the road and the church was occupied by trees and posts, to which horses were hitched during the services. On the northwest corner was a two story school building, diagonally opposite this was a small farm house and a barn. On entering the hotel, imagine our surprise when we learned that our old reliable laundry agent, Ziegenfuss, was proprietor of the place. He informed us that he had married four years ago and had thereupon taken up the hotel busi- ness at this place, which he said was called Crackersport. Supper was ready by 6 o’clock. We had no sooner seated ourselves at the supper table, when who should come into the dining-room but our former class- mate, Kuhns. By way of giving some explanation as to his presence here at Crackersport, he stated that the school building which we saw was the Township High School, and that he was the principal. We almost dropped to the floor when he informed ns that our classmate from Hellertowu was running the store, next door to the hotel, and that our old friend, “Squire,” who was janitor at Muhlenberg while we were there, now lived on the little farm before mentioned and was sexton of the church on the opposite corner. We certainly did reach the floor when, to top the climax, “ Seraphina ” told us that our friend and classmate, “Jake” Bittner, would preach a trial sermon in the Crackersport church, the following morning, and that special music had been procured for the occasion. After we had gathered ourselves together again, we at once decided to spend Sunday at Crackersport. Next morning, we repaired to the church and on entering found that all the pews, except several in the front, were already occupied. To one of these, Peters, who was one of the ushers, showed us. We also noticed that the other ushers were our classmates, Hering, and two other Muhlenberg Alumni, Krause, ’o8, and Hamm, ’09. In the first of several short pews in the front, left-hand corner, were seated four of our old acquaintances, three of whom were also class- mates of ours; they were Hoffman, Nickum, Shinier, and Ettinger. Back of these sat two more, whose names graced ’06 roll. They were Smith and Sterner. Upon inquiry we learned that those in the front pew were the deacons and the two in the rear, the elders of the congregation. Inside, the church w ' as very plain but well adapted to the country. A gal- lery extended along three sides. The pulpit was at the end, opposite the entrance to the church. The choir was grouped around a small pipe organ, which was placed on the gallery opposite the pulpit. At the appointed time, “ Jake,” solemnly marched in and took his place. We were at once reminded of the evening when he “ rushed the duck ” into old Euterpea Hall. The choir immediately began what was supposed to be an anthem, but was nothing more than a series of discords. We at once recognized the voices as those belonging to the members of the ‘‘ Famous ’08 Sextette,” Ruhd, Umbenhauer, Deibert, Anthony, Paules, and Seyler, while the “foxy” member of ’07, Marks, was presiding at the organ. After the sextette had murdered that anthem to their hearts’ content, ” Jake ” began to read something from a book, the back of which very much resembled one of the well-known Hinds and Noble’s 11 steeds.” As near as we could decipher, the next stunt that “ Jake ” did, was to give us the following chant : Then followed what was supposed to be the sermon. This was the first time in his life that “Jake” didn’t use a “trot.” He gave all the cold, bear facts straight from the shoulder. We are enabled to give the following : 11 Im Sechste Pushta-loch, vom Zehnte Kfacht von der Neia Pushta-fenee, ist unser text. “ Why is a horse? for the next day we flunked, while the band wasplaying “Dixie.” “ Eiebe Fremden. — Ieh lean Deutch predigen und icli kann English predigen, aber ich kan nicht das Deutch in das Englisch und das English in das Deutch iibersetzen. I always studied my Cherman and especially so from my Chunior Year on. Of course, whenever I recited, the fellows would always say I was 177 bluffing, but, Chentlemen, I want you to notice that I’m no bluff, and, Chentle- men, I want you to notice the only difference between the Cherman Professor’s and my translations. He translated his into poetry and I made a prose transla- tion. Some students always said : ‘ O ! Bittner, sie sein so dumm’, but that is not the case here. Ich habe den Anfang zu meiner Predigt nicht studiert. Chen- tlemen, let me do this decently, then I will give you a good story about a peacher. Now the word preacher according to my dictionary can have several meanings. I remember when I was Treasurer of our Literary Society, I had to make out the bills, you know, and once I arrested a fellow for preach of decorum. Now that fellow was not the kind of preacher that I am, for instance. “ Now let us further look at our text. ‘ And the cat came back, for the next day it rained.’ O say, I live at Bittner’s Corner, did you see the large ‘ Bittner Dog?’ Once I took a picture of him. You know I take photos and put them on postal cards. I just got a new machine. I also have a lens for taking oval pic- tures, also for taking a picture of you sitting on b oth sides of a table, for instance. Gracious goodness, haven’t you seen such a picture yet? Well, I will make one for you. Yes, and I also have a postal card on which I have my wife’s and my own photos, facing each other. O yeh ! trauern sie fiir mich, Ich habe ein grosse Rede zu thun. “ Nun muss ich aber loss schieszen. Geliebte, ein guter Prediger muss eine rechtschaffene Nase und eine grosse Stimme haben, das ehr gutlesen und schwatzen kann. Diese sint keine von meine Weisen. Ich bin ein guter Pfarrer, I habe ein grosse Nase, auch eine Stimme als man meint sie kamt aus einern Boll-fass. In fact, Ladies and Chentlemen, I am the man to be your preacher, I am strong, I played football at Colletch. Once when I had only one ‘ angle,’ the fellows made me come out. In fact, our Cherman Professor at Colletch said once that ‘ in zehn yahre ist derr Herr Pfarrer Jacob W. Bittner, Pfarrer von der landes Gemeinde in Crackersport.’ I am speaking the truth now. Some fellows like Hering would give fish-preachers, but I’m not of that kind. When I was at Colletch, all the people in the neighborhood asked me all kinds of questions. They thought I knew them because I was a colletch-student. Oh, yeh ! Nun machts mir schmertzen. “ Ladies and Chentlemen, we would get much farther and accomplish much more if I were not so confoundedly silly. Ich weiss das ich verriickt bin. Oft habe ich an meiner eigene Dummheit gelacht. I ‘ raised cain ’ once when it actually was a benefit to all concerned. You know we always had a “ stiff” at Colletch and it always smelled in the Cherman Recitation Room. But once I raised so much ‘ cain ’ that it actually didn’t smell any more. Goodness, I was always famed for my Cherman Orations in that room. I took a Cherman prize once. I was pretty good in Latin, too. Actually, Ladies and Centlemen, how many of 178 you know what that phrase, ‘ E Pluribus Unum,’ on every almighty dollar means? O goodness, you should all know that it means ‘ God be with us.’ I have a larch phonograph, and very many records. Now, Centlemen, if you will get me here, you can have the benefit of the latest music. I also have a piano and can play 1 Chesus, Lover of my Soul.’ I have a fiddle, too, but I didn’t take lessons for pretty long.” “ O Kuhns, sie sint ein Sunder. You remember that time you beat me in Hassen-Peffer, I told you that if I ever saw you in my church, I would tell you that from the pulpit. Actually, fellows, I am glad that so many of you are here. This is very encouraging to me. O say, do you remember when I spanked ‘ Dotcher ’ and 1 Muckie ?’ Chentlemen, that was a good experience for me. I am sure that I will have to spank my sons more than once, if, for instance, they take after me. I was pretty bad always, wasn’t I, fellows? Do you remember yet when I actually shook the Main Building? Say, how much Chemistry do you know yet? What is the ‘ signal ’ for Acetic Acid? Goodness gracious, I forgot almost all of that stuff, but I enchoyed ‘ Lab.’ always. O yeh ! I guess I have actually reached the ‘gibble,’ that means tip-top, of diese Rede. Und ich denk ich hab’ wieder ein Nullix bekommen.” The tiger had been shot in the jungle. ‘‘Jake, looking as if he had rid himself of a heavy bu rden, announced the hymn. “Nun danket alle Gott, Mit Herzen, Mund und Kinder,” etc. We heard no one sing but the sextette, and on looking around saw that the Church Council, Sextette, and “Jake’s” classmates and schoolmates were the only ones remaining. 179 i8o VACATION EMPLOYMENTS. a Anthony : Study L,ogic. Barija : Tramp, Tramp, Tramp. Bender : Pilch for the Athletics. Bittner, J. W. : At Carrie’s house, playing his two most favorite songs on his phonograph. They are “ Good-Morning, Carrie ” and ‘ ‘ I like you.” Bossard : Take a rest. Boyer : Get his “trot” in shape for (the fair, ' next Fall. DeiberT, ’07 : Try to obtain a 2-cent fare between Allentown and Catasauqua. DeiberT, ’08 : ” Vont to buy a soot, left-hand stitches, latest improved button-holes, etc. Eichner : Go on the Dorney Park Stage. Ettinger : 11 Spoon ” Pittston girls. Fegi.ey : Bum. Greene : Endeavor to get rid of some of his greenness. Hamm : Will be present, between two slices of bread, at all picnics, outings, etc. Bering : Enjoy himself back in ” his own waters.” Horn : Spend vacation writing German Essays. Huff : Stay with mamma. Jacks : Go on Glee Club (?J Trips to Phila. ” Feel funny.” Result : Five days off. Karkau : Marry and go to house-keeping. Kern : Keep a watchful eye on the Perkiomen Seminary Girls. KrausS, ’o6 : Enjoy his honeymoon. Krause, ’08: Work “down on the farm.” Kuhi. : Take a good, long sleep till the 12th of September. Kuhns : “ Make hay when the sun shines.” Play “ hearts” when it rains. Lauer : Occasionally visit Allentown to do shopping (?). Marks : Work out new “ stunts” by logarithms. Marsh : Make up a Physical Culture condition. MiCHi.EtR : Organize Y. M. C. A’s. MuEU.ER : Deliver his free lectures to love-sick class-mates. Nickum : Complete his invention and publish the same in the “Scientific American.” Nonamaker : “ Smoke his pipe of clay.” Paules : Sling “ feed ” at Manhattan Beach. PfluEGER : Recuperate. Reiter, F. A. : Do his famous “ budinski ” act. Reiter, J. L. : Take things easy. Rhodes : Fish. Ritter : “ Everybody works but father.” His turn has come at last. Rudolph : Smash hearts, as usual. Rudy : Throw “ dem goo-goo ” eyes of his at the Mt. Gretna Girls. Ruhd : Go back on the Police Force. Rupp : Visit Allentown three times a week . Schantz : “ Do everybody ” and “ shoot hot air.” SchaTz : Sing his latest ditty, 11 Bedelia, I idolize you.” Seyler : Do the Readingites with his cabbage, beets, turnips, onions, etc. Smith, ’06 : Knock down nickels on the Allentown and Kutztown Traction Line, with which to get a shave every two weeks. STERNER : Raise a beard. Also make a careful study of the results of the last County Elections. Stump : Sling hash. Umbenhauer : Sew carpet-rags in the Berks County Jail. Wilt : Play “ Haasen-Peffer.” Wohlsen ; Make one long, long call on Maud. Ziegenfuss : Fake Monroe County people with his “ Medicine Book.” 182 A DREAM OF SUMMER MIDNIGHT. O serene the summer midnight, Bright with starlight and with moonlight, Filled the air with charming voices, Softer than the day’s rude noises. Beauteous, faint, angelic voices, Happy and seraphic voices, Voices of this midnight hour, Bringing, singing love’s rich power. To these voices long I listened. Till my eyes viith joy both glistened, While secure from mortal peering, All earth’s sadness fled my hearing. As cool zephyrs soft were wending, To the pines low music lending, In the deep and silent river, Mirrored seemed the stars to quiver. There in silence sat I dreaming. All my soul with rapture teeming, Dreaming of sweet Rosalind, Gentle as the summer wind. Rosalind in heaven is singing, Service to her master bringing; While angelic shouts are ringing, Thus she sings, is ever singing. Rosalind at last appearing, As I dreamt, she now was nearing, Bright her face with radiance beaming, Far beyond all earthly seeming. Rosalind, thou spirit celestial, Far too fair for abode terrestial, Radiant art thou, gayly cheerful, Woeful I and sadly tearful. Rosalind so fair was smiling, As in rapture I was whiling, So serenely and so lovely, So angelically smiled she. But my Rosalind soon vanished, All my happiness was banished, Higher than the earth away she Passed so happily and gayly. 183 Thus with many eager throbbings Of my heart, and earnest sobbings, Soon, too soon to earth benighted, Fancy mine again was plighted. But the name of Rosalind, Gentle as the Summer wind, Ever will I utter, sighing, Sighing till I come to dying. CUPID’S ANTI-TEN-O’CLOCK CLUB. v I N order to oppose that recent social fad entitled Cupid’s Ten O’Clock Club, an organization by the above name was begun at Muhlenberg. Its sole object is to check the disastrous influence of the ten o’clock movement and to cultivate pernoctalian love-making. OFFICERS. President. ...... Treasurer, Secretary, MEMBERS. Preston A. Barba, ’06, Jacob W. Bittner, ’07, || H. Leon Breidenbach, ’07, John D. M. Brown, ’06, Willis F. Deibert, ’07, Willie S. Dry, ’o6, August C. Karkau, ’06, Howard H. Krauss, ’06, William H. C. Lauer, ’07, Honorary Members. Not beneficial because of reverses. || Thinks Carrie’s home the most conducive place for study. 184 John D. M. Brown. Charles E. Rudy. Wm. H. C. Lauer. Fred A. Marcks, ’09, Oliver W. Nickum, ’ 07 , Chester H. Rhodes, ’09, Milton N. H. Ritter, ’06, Charles E. Rudy, ’06, Roger R. Rupp, ’09, John W. B. Schantz, ’06, William B. Smith, ' 06, Jesse L. Stettler, ’09. A ROMANCE. e W ITHIN a cozy home on Eighteenth Street sat a young woman deep in thought. Her face underwent more expressions in one half hour, than all the psychologies enumerate. She was not the only occupant of the room, for behind the piano crouched the proverbial small boy, who was in a state of feverish expectancy. At last with a gesture that could have indicated joy, pain, surprise, sorrow, anger or satisfaction, the girl arose and took from a bookcase a copy of Shakespeare. She opened it at random and began reading. And as she read, she came upon the line : “ So potently would I o’ersway his state, That he should be my fool and I his fate.” Her face cleared ; she closed the book with a snap that denoted decision ; she walked over to a mirror and arranged some stray tresses and went throu gh a few more movements which womankind has learned through centuries of piactice. Having satisfied herself as to her appearance, she sank into a Morris-chair and calmly waited. At last the familiar ring sounded, she arose, compressed her lips and went to the front door. The small boy rubbing his hands with glee wore a smile which made only the upper part of his head visible. Outside the door stood a medium sized young man, who was dressed fault- lessly. He seemed nervous and fidgety, and looked as though he would like to run away and hide himself. At that moment the door opened and half impetuously he held out his arms, but the frigid look that he got cooled his ardor immediately. He felt that something was wrong and, stepping into the parlor, did not sit upon his accustomed chair. This was a source of great disappointment to the small boy, behind the piano, for on that chair could be seen a pin, the length of whose protruding point, would have raised anybody sitting on it with a velocity that would have put even Magic Yeast to shame. At first the pair began to talk about the weather and other commonplace things. But after a while their conversation began to be more serious. The young man, by the way, was a student of Muhlenberg College and the girl a graduate of the Allentown High School and both had a great liking for English literature. The sun of the young man’s hopes was shining brilliantly when suddenly a dark cloud obscured his cloudless sky. A door opened and in sailed a middle aged woman of the “ hatchet faced ” type, who was the mother of the girl, and incidentally of the small boy. 185 The young man realized that now his time had come and trembling in every limb he walked up to the mother and began : “ Madam ! I love, I love, I love your” — but one look wilted him and he feebly muttered, ‘‘I do so love your singing.” The woman at once sat down to the piano and sang in a high pitched and cracked voice. The din was fearful, the ‘‘ cop ” on his beat stopped and listened ; he sent an alarm firmly believing that someone was being murdered. Verily the music was murdered with a voice that for variety of pitch, volume and time would have done credit to any respectable feline glee club or college yell. But to all things good or evil there is an end and after what seemed hours of torture to the young man, the music or, more correctly, the noise ceased abruptly. All this time vre have neglected the small boy. He had been asleep, for when the young man made his appearance the boy at once saw, by the cool reception he received, that ” spooning ” would be suspended that night. When his mother started singing he awoke suddenly, unable to collect his scattered wits on account of the noise. After a few minutes of the singing he remembered what the minister had said of the judgment day, and with a quavering voice he began “ Four little corners at my bed, Three little angels at my head, One to sing — “ but he got no further, for his sister brought him to a comprehension of material things by dragging him from his hiding place and boxing his ears. At this point the young man arose to leave. The girl accompanied him to the door and held it open for him to pass through. This however was not the usual mode of procedure, for from the time he arose in the parlor to the time he stood on the street had formerly occupied a space of two hours, more or less. But that night ! Oh, the horror of that night will be impressed upon his mind so deeply that endless time could not erase it. To think or even dream that she, the goddess of beauty, the queen of his heart, who was 11 sweeter than honey in the honey comb ” had actually slammed the door in his face. Oh cruelty ! thy name is woman ! His feelings as he stood on the pavement are more easily imagined than described. Wearily he turned his tottering footsteps homeward. The next morning he sent a heart rending epistle to the girl. With words of love and of undying devotion he asked her to be his wife. In a state of nervous excitement he awaited her answer. It came sooner than he expected. The small boy, her brother, came and handed him the following note : My dear George : — You once told me that one of your professors had said that he always lets anything important simmer for 20 years before he gives it to the public. You have honored me with a very important proposition ; let us take the professor’s advice. Edna. THE DREAM. (A Translation from the German of Uhland.) IN a garden of beauty excelling, ■ One’s hand in the other’s at rest, Faint lovers two were dwelling ’Mong flowers the sweetest and best. While numberless kisses pressing On each other’s cheek and lip, And each the other caressing, They grew strong from toe to tip. Two hells pealing forth so clear, The dream in haste drove hence; She lay in a convent drear, And he in a foreign defence. 187 1 88 SHE. A Sonnet. ¥ She is a garden of affection and delight, Where only sweetness, goodness, love abound ; As Lethe’s stream brings cark and care to flight, Enraptured by sweet charms, I linger round. Unnoticed, Time glides smoothly on and fleet ; So full my joy, my soul in sweet content, With love ' s enriching treasure now replete, Longs that Eternity might thus be spent. Ere yet I seem in bliss begun to soar. To lesser joys of toil stern Duty calls, And parts me soon from love’s delight once more ; Though harsh the call, I go whate’er befalls ; Mnemosyne, though far removed I be, Will ever keep alive love’s ecstasy. THE KISS. ¥ How sweet and complete and surpassing the bliss My whole soul enraptured receives from the kiss Of my sweetheart so loving, so true, and so fair, Whose lips e’er are moist with love’s dew so rare ! Though deeply I delve in classical lore And arts and sciences, still evermore My soul’s tender longing can only find rest, When my heart feels her heart warmly beat on my breast. When tightly she holds me in loving embrace, And her breath like a zephyr is fanning my face ; ’Tis then with rapture of angels I sip The dew so soothing and sweet from her lip. This dew so ambrosial with heaven is laden, And imparts but the virtue and love of the maiden ; That virtue proceeds to my soul as I press Her lips with many a happy caress. 189 190 A LEAF FROM THE FRESHMAN CATECHISM. v Q What is a Freshman ? A. A Freshman is an evergreen. O. What is an evergreen ? A. An evergreen is something ever fresh. O. Can everyone tell a Fresman ? A. Yes, unless he is in the grass Q. And why can ' t you tell a Freshman in the grass? A. Because he is so small and green. O What is a zero ? A. A zero is a circular thing that means nothing. Q. Does a Freshman know what a zero means? A. No, but he will soon learn. O. Does a Freshman know his place ? A. No, never. Q. And how can he find it? A. He must get a Sophomore to show him to it. O. Where ought Freshmen to be kept? A. In the dormitory. Q. What is a dormitory ? A. A place where you don’t sleep. O And why don ' t you sleep there ? A. Because there are Freshmen around. Q. What must you do to a Freshman in order to sleep ? A. Put him under a shower-bath. O. What is a shower-bath ? A. A watering-place where P ' reshman are put to keep them fresh. Q But do you want a Freshman fresh when you want to sleep? A. Better have him fresh than stale, and he will soon “dry up’’ after a ducking. 191 AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY. a I WAS born Friday, April 13th, 18 — , just as “The Midnight Express” entered the Terminal, in Room 13, on the 13th floor of Heinrich Holtz- hacker’s Flats, 13 North Thirteenth Street, Rutland, Vermont. You will notice that I had a very good reason to believe that some great disaster might at any moment cause me “ to shuffle off this mortal coil” and to inhabit the next world (above or below), without mankind ever knowing the “ who, whence and wherefore” of me. I, therefore, by permission of the College Faculty, publish this history of myself in this annual, being confident that, owing to the volume’s extensive circulation, my fame will be spread far and wide. I became an orphan at five and remained amongst strangers till thirteen, when, owing to cruel treatment, I decided to run away to Allentown, concerning which city I had heard very much. Imagine my chagrin when my plans were suddenly frustrated by a railway detective grabbing me by the collar, just as I was boarding a fast freight. I landed in the station house and, when the authorities learned that I was penniless, they allowed me to make a fifteen day visit to the jail. I had not yet given up hopes of ever getting to Allentown. I decided never again to try the “ freight- train ” method, but to reach my desired goal as a gen- tleman and not as a bum. I accordingly secured employment in a shoe- shining establishment (I shined the button-holes), and remained at this place about one and a half year. Theu I peddled the Rutland Daily News. Later on, I also worked in a maple-sugar camp (tasted the maple-sugar). I then w’orked in a marble quarry, but found that work too strenuous. The following Spring, I per- ambulated over into New Hampshire and became a conductor on the Mt. Wash- ington Trolley Line. Among the passengers on my car one day, I noticed a gentleman wearing a high hat, and looking like a D. D. While, collecting fares on the way up, I asked the gentleman from where he came. I was indeed surprised when he said that he was Oliver Wendell Holmes Nickum, of Allentowm, Pa., and that he was looking for students for Muhlenberg College. He asked me whether I thought he could find any up here. I told him perhaps he could and asked him the requirements for admission. He asked me if I ever expected to go to college. I said that that had always been my earnest desire. He asked me how much Latin 192 and Greek I had read. I informed him that I had never heard of such things. He said I should enter as a special in Biology and promised to send me a cata- logue as soon as he got back to his office. In due time I received the catalogue and, after carefully reading it through, I decided to do as I had been advised. Wishing to get to Muhlenberg in good time for the opening exercises, I at once started for Allentown. I had arrived at Emaus and felt certain that I would reach my destination, safe and sound, when lo, and behold ! we had a head-on collision with a milk- wagon. The jar caused me to do some contortions and finally land under a seat in the front part of the car. On clearing away the wreckage, they found me in a badly damaged condition : concussion of the brain, and injuries in a greater or less degree to all my extremities. I told the rescuers to get medical aid for me at the Railroad’s expense. I was taken to a hospital in the milk-wagon which had not even been scratched. I was able to walk about when, one morning while strolling through the ward, I stumbled and fell over a cot-bed. This delayed my entrance into college till after Christmas. On being pro- nounced a fit subject for admission to the Institution, I was taken to a place on North 8th Street, where the entrance Exams, were held. I passed very success- fully and was honorod by being taken to College Hill in a carriage in which, with several honored exceptions, no living person had ever rode before. My arrival had been awaited and a room had been nicely furnished, including all modern improvements, steam heat, hot and cold water, electric lights, etc. There was a washstand in one corner. The furnishings consisted of a table, the regulation iron bedstead, a book case and an extra Yale lock on the door; but, strange to say, there were no chairs of any kind. Being somewhat lonely after supper, I decided to become acquainted with some of the fellows. I rapped at the first door I came to, found it unlocked and entered to find it a toilet room. I went to the next which was locked. Also the next, but on rapping at the fourth a deep voice said, “ Come in.” I did so and began to chat with the occupant who said he was Peter Wohlsen, a football player from the Lancaster High School. He gave me a good insight into college life, told me all about his High School Days, about Lancaster, about the choir and about “ Maud.” I was about to leave when two other fellows came in. I have forgotten their names. A game of “ Haasen-Peffer ” was suggested. “ Pete ” and I did them up brown, then they suggested one of their famous midnight “fresses” for which I was obliged to remain. One of the fellows made some Welsh Rarebit for which he was famed. It looked awfully black when finished. I did not intend to eat any but they insisted that I should eat my share. I managed to do so, but not without great difficulty. One of the fellows munched his quarter as if he had !93 not had a meal for three days. I thought either he must lack manners or must be very hungry. The fellows, during the evening, gave me a nick-name. In a few days the four or five hundred students had taken it up. They called me “ Stiff.” I objected, but what was there to be done. On leaving, “Pete” asked me to sleep with him. I did not wish to risk getting such a sociable fellow into trouble for having a stranger in his room at night, so I retired to my own apartments. I could not sleep. I felt a pain in my stomach and soon became very sick. By morning it was so terrible that I told “ Squire ” to send a doctor down. He did so. Doctor wanted to know what I had eaten. I told him Welsh Rarebit and Uneeda Biscuits. He informed me that a “ chunk ” of the Rarebit had plugged my Pylorus, and that an operation had to be performed at once, here in my room. The manner in which they went about getting that plug of Rarebit was enough to cause the Statute of Liberty to have cold shivers. Sometimes the doctor had his apprentices working on me. They certainly didn’t do anything to me. Just ask “Pete” about those “ most unkindest cuts of all.” I left the Institution again before Easter vacation. It really is a wonder that any of me remained to leave. If you wish the details or any further informa- tion, call at my office near the Lehigh County Poor House. All questions answered free of charge. 194 CENA SILVESTRIS. HE students of Muhlenberg College desiring a day of recreation, fled their studies and sought the freedom and freshness of rural rest and sylvan shade. After some search, they came upon lovely Cooperdale through which the rippling Breiten Bach gayly flows. Here they found an ideal spot for a day’s outing. A luxuriant growth of forest shaded both banks of the Bach and extended over a large area of the surrounding territory. Thick, cool shade protected all from the sun’s scorching rays, sweet singing birds filled the air with cheerful song, and gentle Summer zephyrs lent music to the trees. Several of the party, who had preceded the rest, had meanwhile been engaged in exploring the vicinity. When the main portion of the students arrived at the above place, they w ' ere rejoined by them and received interesting information of what the latter had seen. The exploring party reported that they had tramped along the whole course of the Breiten Bach which they found on the whole to be a beautiful and useful stream. Its upper course, they said flowed Schneller than the rest, but its lower course moved sluggishly along and at many portions overflowed its banks so that it was surrounded by a Marsh on both sides. They found also that the stream was throughout its whole length a Lau Bach. They found very few inhabitants living in this section because cleared spaces were rarely found in this immense forest. A short distance to the west they found a miserable looking specimen, a Pflueger, who was tilling his little plot so assiduously that he had, as it were, surrendered to it all his substance and strength and was now a veritable walking skeleton. While plowing he used as traces ropes made by the Seyler, and horses obtained from one of the Reiters. In the near neighborhood lived Grossman, the swineherd, who annually produced large quantities of pork and was growing fat on soused pigsfeet. Two so-called noble- men were found in the region, Ritter and Hoffman. The former had provided as his principal defense against outside enemies an immense Schantz of bulky proportions. Near the Schantz lived an interesting type of humanity, the Bachman, whose business was to wait till the Breiten Bach was Dry and then scoop up the sand in the stream’s bed to take it to Fenster Macher’s where it was used to make window panes. We have now gained a fair idea of the nature of the place. Let us next consider the company and the occasion. Certain qualifications were necessary to i95 oin the party. All fresh Freshmen were excluded ; this meant, of course, trial exclusion for them because a Freshman without freshness is an anomaly. Only such Sophomores were permitted who had been honest in examinations, so only four or five were present. A large number were incapable of admittance because they were too Kline or too Wilt. Shysters were sternly ostracized, so Shinier and Peters, who had shystered on the Ciarla work, and Michler, who had shystered on the Muhlenberg , were denied the pleasure of the occasion. All who were Rudh were told to leave, so “ Mike” was dismissed at once. After these exceptions a very desirable party was left. As to the event itself, all that can be said is that it was a perfect success from a social, epicurean, or any other standpoint. Each fellow had his Schatz there, but Shimer’s widow vowed that she would not be present because he had offered to accompany a married lady home from the Womelsdorf Glee Club Concert. After a few hours of enjoyment, it was decided to have dinner. A most elaborate menu had been prepared, and consisted of the following delicious dishes: uncured Hamm, smoked Hering, fresh Schugar, Kuhl (cool) beverages, Egyptian Kuhns (coons), Schock (ed) lobsters, paris-Green, Ziegenfuss (English, goat’s feet) used instead of pigs’ feet becaused of their extra fine odor, Anthony’s chewing gum, Lauer’s brick fudge, Wohlen’s Moxie, cus (cussed) tards, and Indian turnips. During the dinner music was furnished by the Muhlenberg Horns. When everybody had satisfied the inner man with this costly fare, the intel- lectual man was gratified by numerous unique methods. The honor of master of ceremonies fell to the lot of Barba, a descendant of Barbarossa, whose family, however, has lost the red beard as its characteristic, and, judging by the repre- sentative at Muhlenberg will soon lose the barba and consequently will be without any cognomen at all. One of the main features of the dinner occurred when Barba announced that a free ride on Billy Smith’s pony would be given to all who successfully answered the following riddle : What reminds a Muhlenberg student of Lucifer, son of the Morning? No one was able to answer, and Barba, greatly disappointed, was obliged to give the answer himself, which is as follows : Sophomore Krause reeling in the gutter at sight of Col. Trexler’s greyhounds. When the day had thus been spent with great profit and enjoyment to all, each returned to his horse stable glad to be able to say, I was present. 196 CONVIVIUM. (plan AFTER SOPHOCLES EXCEPT THE ARRANGEMENT OF THE CHARACTERS.) V Dramatis Personae. Stump, President of the Sophomore Class. Coleman, 1 Rudh, I , . . „ ) Chief Instigators. Seyler, j Weaver, J Krause, a Soothsayer, Dr. Haas, a Priest of Zeus. Keiter, Alma Mater ' s only loyal Sophomore. Deibert, | Renegades ZlEGENFUSS, SCENE. — Muhlenberg College. The Winter Term. Chorus. Brown, Barba, Krauss, Pflueger, F. Reiter, Rudy, Schneller, Anthony, Beck, Jacks, Kuhl, Marsh, Paulks, Shatz, Umbenhauer, [Enter all but the Priest of Zeus.] Stump : From southern skies old Sol returning is, And tells us, fellow Sophomores and friends, The time is ripe all gastric rage to still, Sure not with boarder’s pie or sausage old Or any meaner dish, for such in sooth Enraged maws e’en rouse to greater wrath. But with the delicacies rich and rare Of costly banquet, when loved friendship’s cup To laughing lips is raised with brimful miith; So now, my brethren, let me have your mind When be the time, and what the place and plan For this event of class and college glee. KeiTER : O honored sir, I nothing know nor say Of time or place; my only plan is this : To have our merrymaking here at home ’Neath shade and shelter of our college walls. Rudh : What mean’st thou arrant fool ? Think’st thou that here At home our ample funds can all be spent ? Take strophe part Take antistrophe part. 197 Seyler : Lank son of Bethlehem, dost no longer know We had a Freshman play? Though hearers’ gibes Dismayed us sore, we gained a hard-earned sum With which we all now mean ourselves to glut. Weaver : Thou man with legs as bean-poles, pray tell us How else this precious hoard to use, for well Thou know’st to dine at home will surely leave A goodly portion o ' er, and thinkest thou That we, who through long Summer ' s sultry days And gloomy Winter’s dreary nights our minds And mouths to such a fever wrought that but The richest repast in our reach can now Bring sure relief, can brook affront as this? Coleman : Thou Keiter, Keiter’s son, though I’m to thee A stranger more than these who spake, I join Their accents harsh to spurn thy hateful course; I nothing want, if not all funds be spent. Stump : Peace, peace, I say. Will not your railing end? We here convened in friendship ' s name, now strife Doth rend our midst; let moderation rule. Ziegenfuss : Yes. moderation, peace, and love let’s have, Without which nothing good or great was e’er Achieved the stomach to delight or grieve, Albeit my stomach sweet satiety To grant is also mv supreme desire. But let good omens first confirm our course. DeiberT : Thy words are worthy of the wisest sage, With them my soul and stomach well accord. Stump: [To Rudh, Seyler, Weaver, Coleman ] Speak these men wisdom, noble sirs, or no? All : Yea, Yea. Stump : Come then, thou reverend sire, let’s hear What be the otnens. Krause : Flights of birds do show That bitterest woe and lamentation sore Will come upon this house, should you offend Apollo and great Zeus. Seyler : For sorrow ' s sat e Which follows the offense, let’s not offend. Coleman : Ay, ay, let’s reverence these great deities. Weaver : In sooth, let’s not our own destruction work. Rudh : Good friends, I’d sooner fill my aching pouch With cobble-stones and cannon-balls than dare To grieve the mighty gods. 198 Stump : You’ll not offend, But first ’tis meet to learn where lies offense, Wilt tell us, saintly sage ? Krause : I will. Give ear. Ye men with anxious hearts. If you will dine Away from home and spend your money all, The wrath of Zeus will bring you tearful woe; Let me then counsel you to stay at home, And what sum may ' remain to Zeus devote. Ale : Oh ! Oh ! Ah ! Woe ! Alas ! Alas ! Stump : We must heed Zeus though we would go away. STROPHE. Chorus : 0 chicken-hearted babes ! Why call on mighty ' Zeus Concerning this small thing? Your stomachs are your own And fill them all ye can ; What right has Zeus to say How you your funds shall spend? No matter if his shrine Be new and be in debt, Think only for yourselves, And flee your Mother’s eye To seek a stranger’s gate. ANTISTROPHE. You senior reverend sirs, Your words encourage us ; We thought not Zeus to spurn, But since we think you wise, We mean your words to heed, And mean to go away Our banquets to enjoy ; Though Zeus the heavens rend With thunders fierce at home, We mean to see the world, Discard our Mother’s care And elsewhere seek our joy. [ Shouts of joy all around white the senior section of the Chorus withdraws ] Seyeer : Ha ! Ha ! we’ll go from home, RUDH : Our gullets sure To gratify. 199 Weaver : And see strange sights in train, Hotel and town. Coleman : And have no money o’er. Stump : With one accord you then wish to depart, Now set the place and time. Rudh : Penn ' s city old I know abounds in Quaker oats and shad And other plates as rich, and thither I’m Inclined to go. Seyler : Thy reason excellent Delights me much. Thou honored Kutztown Stump, What measure counsel ’st thou? Stump : All vain debate To check, I ask you all to signify Will you to Philadelphia go. Ate : Ay, Ay. Stump : ’Tis well, let not delay mar our success, But hie you hence where mighty Zeus’ dread priest Can trace you not. [ All withdraw in haste except Coleman , IVeaver, and Keilet . KeiTER : Such impious action I detest and spite Of villainy’s success, I’ll not recant. Weaver : A pious fool as thee I ne’er have met. KeiTER : Thou call’st me fool, but I’ve not yet been fooled, See to ’t the same will e’er be true of thee. [ The priest of Zeus is seen to approach. IVeaver and Coleman leave in great fear]. Thou hoary-headed, following-robed man, What brings thy awful presence thither? Dr. Haas : Ah ! Thou askest well ; I thither came to speak The curse of Zeus upon those impious Sophs. Keitkr : I pity them, but speak. Dr. Haas : For all who’ve left Their Mother’s home, Almighty Zeus decreed A week in Hades dark and deep and damned. KeiTER : Alas ! Alas ! “ What fools these mortals be.” [ Enter Deibert and Ziegenfuss who deserted their friends, and on beholding the priest fall prostrate ] . Dr. Haas : You show you fear our name, for this I’ll lift The curse from you, which carries one whole week Of Hades’ pangs for you and those still gone. [Exit. ] 200 Df.ibkrT : O Ziegie, we are fortunate ! ZiEGiiNFUSS : Indeed Just by a hair’s breath, guilty though we are [. Enter Stump , Coleman, Weaver , Seyler , Rudh , Krause , Anthony , Beck , Jacks, Kuhl, Marsh, Paules, Schatz and Umben haner. ] Keitkk : You’re welcome, sirs, but not your dreadful fate, In sackcloth and in ashes here I’ve sat Your dies irae mourning. Zeus’ dread priest Declare you should a week in Hades dwell. A ij. Together : Otototoi ! Totoi ! our friend, farewell. [ They go to Hades.] Kkiter : Fare ye as well as Hades’ cavern grants. 201 INDEX TO ADVERTISEMENTS. PAGE. PAGE. Allen House 30 Hotel Hamilton 27 Allentown Book Store 23 Hunsicker, Chas., Photographer 27 Allentown Crockery Co .28 Jacks, Printer 27 Allentown Drug Mfg Co. 18 Keller, E. Sons, Jewelers . 8 Allentown Gas Co 14 Keystone Roller Mills 29 Allentown Horse Exchange 26 Kirias, John, Candies 15 Allentown Ice Co. ... 9 Kline, A. A., Hats 16 Allentown Leader 14 Klump, Charles C., Dentist ...... 9 Allentown Manufacturing Co. 16 Koch Bros., Clothier 4 Allentown National Bank 11 Koch Haas, Shoes 19 Anewalt Bros., Hatters . . 7 Koch Person 32 Anewalt, S. B. Co., Hatters 16 Kostenbader, H. Sons, Brewers 22 Appel, Jeweler 12 Lafayette Hotel . . 15 Aschbach 32 Lehigh Electric Co 15 Bastian Bros., Tailors 22 Lehigh Valley Trust Safe Deposit Co. 28 Berkemeyer, Keck Co.. Printers 3 Lieberman Brewery 30 Bernhard, F. E., Barber . 23 Lindenmuth, A. N., Photographer 13 Brown, E. E., Barber . . 18 Lutnley, PI. J., Coal 22 Brunswick Cigar Co 7 Luther League 25 Burkholder, J. S., Undertaker 25 Lyric Cafe ... 28 Chronicle and News 9 Miller, Jacob 31 Ciarla 34 Morning Call 21 Columbia Hotel and Restaurant 19 Muhlenberg 20 Continental Hotel 24 Mt. Vernon Inn 29 Cotrell Leonard, Caps and Gowns 12 Muhlenberg College 6 Daeufer Co 28 Nagle Danowsky, Druggists .... 15 Dorney, C. A. Co., Furniture 8 Neumoyer Co., Freight 31 Duck Farm Hotel 32 Partridges, Athletic Goods 23 Eimer Amend, Laboratory Manu’f ' rs 4 Peters Jacoby, Restaurant 9 Eisenhard, W. W., Barber 24 Reading Eagle 29 Electric City Engraving Co. 33 Reynolds Co., Candies 18 Flexer, G. A., Dentist 25 Ritter Smith, Builders 21 Flexer, R. J., Dentist 23 Roth, D. J., Stoves 12 Gatcliel Manning, Engravers ... 14 Sanders Engraving Co 27 Gately Fitzgerald, Furniture . 15 Schubert, M. Z., Pianos 32 General Council Publication Co. 17 Sentinel, C. E-, Grocer 24 Globe Printing Co 29 Shafer’s Book Store 18 Globe Store, Dry Goods 5 Sliankweiler Lehr, Clothiers ... 7 Graber, A. V., Cigars . . 25 Shelling, Grocer 19 Grimley, J. M., Carpets 9 Shinier, Laub Weaver, Carpets . 18 Grim Bros., Brick Manufacturers 29 Swayze, Physician 25 Hardner, George H., Contractor 26 Swoyer Leibold 19 Heil, Richard, Grocer 32 Taylor, Wm. H. Co., Iron and Steel Hergesheimer, C. P., Eating House 21 Manufacturers . . . 23 Herwig, C. A., Dentist 24 Trexler Lumber Co 24 Hess Bros., Dry Goods 10 Troy Laundry 15 Hohl Liquor Store 31 Wetherhold, E. H., Jeweler 15 Hollenbaeh, Chas., Groceries . . 23 Wint Lumber Co 31 Horlaclier Brewer} ' 30 Young, M. S. Co., Hardware ... 10 Horn, John F. Bro., Florists .... 9 Berkemeyer, Keck Co., Printers of College Annuals. Annuals we have Printed : 1 900 L’ Agenda. ) 90 I L’ Agenda. 1 902 L’ Agenda. Bucknell University. 1 90 1 Ruby, 1 902 Ruby, Ursinus College. 1903 Ciarla. I 904 Ciarla. 1905 Ciarla. 1907 Ciarla. Muhlenberg College. Hamilton and Ninth Streets, Allentown, Pa. Speaks for Itself. ■■■■■■mb Distinctive Clothes for Muhlenberg Collegians. Koch Brothers, Allentown. r Established 1851. Elmer Amend, Q IMPORTERS AND MANUFACTURERS OF C. P. Chemicals anb deagents, Chemical, PhP ical, bacteriological anb Scientific Apparatus. We are Representatives of the Foremost European Houses in our line. Complete line of Assay Goods. OUR SPECIALTY : Complete Laboratory Outfits. Nos. 205-21 1 Third Avenue, New York. b Q J IV READING ROOM. VISIT OUR MEN’S FURNISHING DEPARTMENT GLOBE STORE, JOHN TAYLOR CO. Dependable Wear for Men and Young Men. Latest fine Furnishings — and the Et ceteras of the Gentlemen’s Wardrobe, Students and College Men, liberally treated. We invite your patronage assuring you of complete satisfaction in every par- ticular. Latest Innovations in Accessories to the Wardrobe. Friday and Saturday, Special bargain Days. WE WELCOME YOUR TRADE. v Muhlenberg Colleg Allentown, Pennsylvania. Rev. John A. W. Haas, D. D., President. DEPARTMENTS. The Dep artment of Arts embraces all the branches essential to a liberal education and a thorough preparation for the study of the learned professions, or for specialization of languages, history, philosophy in university work. The courses in this department are of special advantage to those who intend to follow the higher business interests of our age. The Department of Science with a broad basis of general culture, offers a good collegiate preparation for special university work in the sciences, and is of great advantage to the future student of medicine, at the same time it offers an excellent education for young men, who intend devoting themselves to any of the industrial arts. SPECIAL COURSES. These may be chosen in either department by those quali- fied to undertake such work with advantage. ELECTIVES. With a necessary nucleus of required studies there is com- bined in the higher classes, such a range of electives as may properly be left to the choice of the individual student. BUILDINGS. The appointments of the College are modern throughout and furnish the student every comfort and convenience at a very moderate cost. THE PREPARATORY DEPARTMENT. This occupies a separate building and is under the most competent principalsliip of Prof. A. A. Kunkle, A. M., to whom communications should be addressed. For Catalogue apply to G. T. ETTINGER, Ph. D„ Dean. VI Shankweiler Lehr, HIGH-GRADE ...CLOTHING... Fine Fashionable Furnishings. Oar Merchant Tailoring Service is noted for it’s efficiency. We carry at all times a select line of Fashionable Fabrics. Umbrellas, Canes, College Pennants, Suitcases, Jewelry and Leather Goods. Anewalt Bros., DEALERS IN HATS, CAPS AND LADIES’ FINE FURS. Sole Agency for Knox Hats. 615 Hamilton Street. Brunswick Cigar Co., Distributors for the Famous BACHELOR, HAZEL KIRK AND QUO VADIS CIGARS. A full line of Imported and Domestic Cigars always on hand. Pool, Billiards and Bowling. L. GLADSTONE CO., 742 HAMILTON STREET. vii C. teller Sc Jjotts;, Jewelers, Silversmiths and Manufacturing Opticians. 711 Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. .furniture Dens, Rooms, Fraternity Houses, Bachelor Quarters Fitted out with Unique and Novel Conceptions — in Mission and Weathered Oak Styles. % C. A. Dorney Furniture Co., 333-335 Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. viii ALLENTOWN ' S GREAT PABULUM PLACE. Eat to “ Live. " Peters Jacoby 627 Hamilton Street. The Celebrated Pkters Jacoiiy ' s Ick Cream THE LARGEST CARPET STORE in the Lehigh Valley. Oil Cloths, Linoleums, Curtains and Shades. J. M. GRIMLEY, 804 HAMILTON STREET. ICE Greenhouses at Riltersville. Both Telephones JOHN F. HORN BRO„ ...FLORISTS... , Store at 20 North Sixth Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. CHARLES C. KLUMP, ...Pharmacist... Prescriptions Compounded with Quickness and Dispatch. 537 Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. Both Telephones. Allentown Ice Company. Office : 1006 Hamilton Street. COAL Read The Chronicle and News, That’s all. IX H Superior • en’s department. fyrrr are for the growth of our jflgen’js department. different First of all, the high quality and low price Reasons of our merchandise. Then the service — the attention we give our customer — our efforts to please him in giving him what he wants every time. Another important feature is the location of the department just a step inside the door — to the right. itfess Xh ' otfjers, MUentoton, jpcnna. X 05ootis( of jfl ertt Z£nl p. Established 1855. Allentown National Bank, Allentown, Pennsylvania. Capita!, - - $1,000,000 Circulation, - - 1 ,000,000 Surplus and Undivided Profits, 741,800 Deposits, - - 2,350,000 Safe Deposit Boxes for Rent. Interest Paid on Time Deposits. If you wish to open a bank account or desire to change your present banking arrangements, the officers respectfully ask that you enter- tain with favor coming to us. R. E. WRIGHT, President. GEO. O. ALBRIGHT, Vice-President. C. M. IV. KECK, Cashier. XI Greetings to 1906 and 1907 from The Secret of oui Cotrell Leonard, Makers of Caps and Gowns, to the American Culleges and Universities, from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Fine workmanship. Rea- sonable prices Rich Gowns for the Pulpit and Bench Illustrated Bulle- tin, and Samples on request. —RING SUCCESS— giving Honest Rings at the Lowest Possible Price. WEDDING RINGS, 14 and 18 Karat Gold, $ 3.40 to $ 15 . 00 . —APPEL— Jeweler and Optician, ALBANY, N. Y. 625 Hamilton Street. D. J. ROTH, STOVES AND TINWARE. Cornice and Skylight Work. 2 1 2 Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN, PA, Umbentmitl).... ?e ...Mi )t JFotograpfjer.... A MAN FAMOUS FOR HIS ARTISTIC PHOTOGRAPHS. ftop, Opposite Lyric Theatre, ALLENTOWN, PA. Allentown Leader. Read the Allentown Leader, only penny daily newspaper in Lehigh County. All the local and telegraphic news, largest circulation, best advertising medium. r " =DQ= IT IS AN ABSOLUTE FACT THAT GAS at $1. 10 per Thousand is the Cheapest Fuel possible in Allentown and vicinity. GAS RANGES sold at cost and connected free. ALLENTOWN GAS CO., SALESROOMS : 516 and 518 Hamilton Street. XIV JOHN KIRIAS, GATELY ly FITZGERALD, Manufacturer of Furniture, Fine Confectionery, Chocolates and Bonbons, Carpets, Stoves and General House Furnishings. Wholesale and Retail. Ice Cream Parlor. 605 HAMILTON STREET. ...806... ALLENTOWN. PA. Hamilton St.. Allentown, Pa. NAGLE tV DANOW5KY, E. H. WETHERHOLD, Dealers in FOR Drugs, Medicines, Oils, Soda, Spices, Brushes, Etc. Commencement Gifts, Diamonds. Watches, and Jewelry. 714 Hamilton St., Allentown, Pa. 738 HAMILTON STREET. ALLENTOWN, PA. $1.50 and $2.00 per Day. Hafapette 133-137 N. Seventh Street. ALLENTOWN. PA. Modern Conveniences. Large Annex. GUTH BROS., Proprietors. Troy Steam Laundry. Students should look genteel. All Allentown people should look genteel. Nicest work and best satisfaction at the Troy Steam Laundry, Hall and Court Sts., J. M. WUCHTER f Prop. Both Phones. xv HATS. CAPS. Always up-to-date. A. A. Kline, UMBRELLAS, TRUNKS. PRICES LOW ... 605 ... Hamilton Street. ALLENTOWN. PA. Dunlap Hats... S. B. Anewalt Co., FASHIONABLE HATTERS. College Hats and Caps. Eighth and Hamilton Streets, ALLENTOWN, PA. A PERFECT PAINT. Best Pigments, compounded with Pure Linseed Oil, Spreads 25% Further, Covers 50% Better, Lasts 100% Longer, than Lead and Oil or Cheap Paints MANUFACTURED BY The Allentown Manufacturing Co., ALLENTOWN, PA. $5TAddress us for nearest Agents. XVI i Board of Publication of the General Council of tbe evangelical Lutheran Church in north America, incorporated. A Hi story of the Lutheran Church in Pennsylvania. From the Original Sources, 1638-1820, with many plates, line cuts and facsimle titles of rare prints and manuscript, by Theodore EC- Schmauk, D D. The volume is royal octavo of larger size than the Conservative Reformation, bound in fine cloth, gilt top and uncut edges. It contains over 600 pages, in addition to the large number of plates in which the history abounds. Price, prepaid, $ 7 . 50 . Documentary History of Evangelical Lutheran Ministerium of Pennsylvania and Adjacent States. Proceedings of the Annual Conventions from 1748 to 1821. Large octavo volume. Cloth binding, postpaid, net Price, $ 5 . 00 . Biblical Criticism. By Dr. John A. W. Haas, with an extended introduction by Prof. H E. Jacobs, D. I)., LL- D. This standard work is indispens- able to every well informed clergyman and scholar, 260 pages, in cloth binding. Price, postpaid, $1 50 . The Lutheran Cyclopedia. Edited by H E Jacobs, D D., LL- D , and Rev. John A. W Haas, D. D , with the cooperation of Prof. Zoeckler, University of Greifswald, and other European Scholars and Representatives, Scholars from the various Synods. This is the Standard Cyclopedia of Lutheranism. Cloth, 572 pages. Price, not prepaid, $4. 00. Christian Ethics. A system based upon Martensen and Har- less, by Prof. R. F. Weidner, M. A., second edition, eighth volume, Cloth. Price, $2 50 . Conservative Reformation and its Theology. As represented in the Augsburg Confession and in the history and literature of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, by Charles P Krauth, D D. This book should find a place in every library: Octavo, 858 pages. Price, $ 5 . 00 . History of Lutheran Missions. By Preston A Laury. S T. B. The book is intensly interesting ; covers the field with its immense array of facts, in a bright and intelligible way and is a great credit to the Lutheran Church. It is stimulating to the mission cause to a degree that works on the subject generally, fail to reach. Illustrated, Cloth, eighth volume, 266 pages. Price, $1.25. Beacon Lights. A series of short sermons on Free Texts, by Joseph A. Seiss, D D., LL D , L- H. D. Eighth volume, Cloth, 538 pages. Price, $2.50. The Christ and His Church. A new volume by Dr. Seiss, containing twenty-three occasional sermons delivered 011 various occasions, handsomely printed and bound Pages 440, with portrait of the author. Price, postpaid, $1.75. Lectures on the Gospels. Sixty-seven Discourses covering the church year, by Jos. A. .Seiss, D. I)., LL- D., L H. D. Two 8vo. volumes, 1,160 pages, Price, $5.00. The Lutheran. A Sixteen Page Weekly. The Official Church Paper of the General Council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in North American. Subscription price, per annum, $2.00. Ably edited, it has six well-conducted departments, namely: Devotional Missionary, Literary, Family, News, and Editorial, besides giving a large number of timely articles on general church subjects. It is devoted to the interests of the Church, and is the leading Lutheran journal in the country. Subscribe for it. Send bank check, postal, or express money order to THE LUTHERAN, 1522 Arch St., Philadelphia. Sample copies free. Write for them. Graded System of Instruction. Lutheran Sunday-school Series Complete descriptive catalogue to any address upon application. PUBLICATION HOUSE, 1522 Arch Street, PHILADELPHIA. IF YOU WANT O. B J. Haines. Edwin D. Maberry. Ice Cream and Candies, Stop at Allentown Drug hTf’g Co., Manufacturing Pharmacists. Wholesale and Retail. Reynolds Co., 911 Hamilton St. 813 Hamilton St., Allentown, Pa. CHAFER’S BOOK STORE, E. E. BROWN, School and College Text-Books, New and Second-hand. The College Man ' s BARBER. Presentation Books, Etc. Sunday-school Supplies a Specialty. 828 Hamilton Street. 33 N. Seventh St., Allentown, Pa. Four Chairs. Quick Service. Shimer, Laub Weaver, Carpets and Draperies, 637 Hamilton Street. The Lehigh Electric Co., Electrical Apparatus; anb Material. LAMPS, MOTORS. DYNAMOS. TELEPHONES. 18 North Sixth Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. Branch : 417 Wyandotte Street, South Bethlehem. xviii KOCH HAAS, ...Fine Shoes... 815 Swoyer Leibold. Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. LEHIGH TELEPHONE. C. M. B. o Keystone Roller Mills, TWO TWINS, XXXX Fancy Flour and Good Bread are inseperable. D. D. N. D. FRITCH, All Grocers sell it. MACUNGIE, PA. QUALITY WHEN IT ' S FROM SHELLING’S, IT’S THE BEST. MEAT, VEGETABLES, OR GROCERIES — LEHIGH AND PENNA. ' PHONES. Columbia Hotel and Restaurant, ED. E. FENSTERMACHER, Proprietor, Tenth and Hamilton Streets, ALLENTOWN, PA, is a journal published monthly. This journal is conducted and supported by the two Literary Societies of Muhlenberg College ; also by its Alumni. It endeavors to cultivate an interest among the Alumni, Trustees, students and friends, assuring the m that they can not in any other way remain informed of the pro- ceedings of their Alma Mater. In addition to the Personal, Athletic and Liter- ary columns, it contains short stories. Subscription Price, $1.00 per gear. Single Copies, 15 Cents. Address all Communications to Business Managers, “THE MUHLENBERG,” Allentown, Pa. XX C. P. Hergesheimer, ...bating i ouse... $% 536-38 HAMILTON STREET, ALLENTOWN, PA. Open Day and Night. The Allentown Morning Call will be glad to greet its friends in its new home, No. 27 South Sixth Street. Enlarged quarters, enlarged equipments. A new Hoe straightline 2 4 deck press, the finest in the Lehigh Valley has been added and the paper is now better equipped than ever to serve its purpose as a news car- rier and an advertising medium. Its circulation now exceeds 5,000 copies daily. E. E. RITTER A A. SMITH. RITTER SMITH, 2frutlbers anb Contraftors. DEALERS IN LUMBER, MANUFACTURERS OF ALL KINDS OF PLAINING MILL WORK. MILL and OFFICE, Jefferson and Gordon Streets, XXI Allentown, Pa BASTIAN BROS., MERCHANT TAIIORS, Cents’ Furnishers. 540 Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. ESTABLISHED 1 878. LEHIGH AND PENNA. PHONES. EDGAR J. LUMLEY, ICE and COAL, 123, 125 Hamilton Street, CLOSED SATURDAY AFTERNOONS. ALLENTOWN, PA. H. KOSTENBADER SONS, BREWERS AND BOTTLERS. STERILIZED EXPORT AND STANDARD ...2Jeer... CATASAUQUA, PENNA. XXII Dr. R. J. FLEXER, ...DENTIST... 954 Hamilton St., Allentown Pa. The Allentown Book Store, WM. A. DICKSON CO., Proprietors. TEXT- BOOKS for Students. 939 Hamilton Street. Lehigh Phone. C. L. HOLLENBACH, DEALER IN GROCERIES and PROVISIONS. 1607 Chew Street. F. C. BERNHARD, . . . BARBER . . . Use Newbro’s Herpieide, it kills the Dandruff Germ. The Student ' s Barber. 10 North Tenth Street. EVERYBODY KNOWS PARTRIDGES. There is no University, College or Preparatory School with a reputation of any kind in Athletics or Gymnastics that do not use there material. There’s a Reason. Every article with their trade mark Guaranteed. ALWAYS RELIABLE. 84-86 Franklin Street (Cor. Arch), BOSTON, MASS. College Agency, Physical Director Office WM. H. TAYLOR tV CO., Dealers in RAILROAD, MINE, MILL, FACTORY, FURNACE AND QUARRY SUPPLIES. Engines, Boilers, Pumps, Machinery and Tools. Power Transmission a Specialty. 250-256 Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. xxiii LEHIGH PHONE. Dr. C. A. Herwig, ...2 enti£t... 733 HAMILTON STREET, ALLENTOWN, PA. C. E. SEMMEL, DEALER IN Groceries, Dry Goods, Notions, Etc. THIRTEENTH AND CHEW STREETS, ALLENTOWN, PA. Continental itfotel, MACUNGIE, PA. H. Kkiser Sons, Proprietors. First-class Accomodation. Latest Improvements. Bar Stocked with Choicest Liquors. Dinners Served for Parties at Short Notice. Pf.nna Phone. W. W. Eisenhard, ..BARBER SHOP.. Cigars and Tobacco. 1335 Chew Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. TREXLER LUMBER CO., Lumber and Mill Work. xxiv The Choice of Elite Smokers. QUALITY WINS. BOTH PHONES. Dr. G. A. Flexer, ...dentist... We make as fine All Havana Cigars as Money and Ability can produce. Our brands : Princes, Bisca, Rosa-Roma. Crown and Bridge Work. A. V. GRABER, Jobber and Manufacturer, 1145 Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN. PA. 737 HAMILTON STREET, ALLENTOWN, PA. SECOND FLOOR. “THE MENS DOCTOR.” bong Distance and L,ehigh Telephones. J. S. Burkholder HtcenSeb Mnbcrtafeer, iPuneral director anb t£mbalmer. KSTABLISHBD, 1 89 1 . l)r. Swayze, is the only doctor in the en- tire valley who treats and cures Men’s Diseases only. His practice is limited to Men’s Diseases. All the Diseases of Men. See special Adv’t in all local papers. New Offices : 2nd Floor, Rooms, 205-207, Allentown Nat. Bank Bldg , Centre Square 113 NORTH EIGHTH STREET, ALLENTOWN, PA. DR. SWAYZE, ALLENTOWN, PA. P P 4 P 4 » p p ft p p p p p p p p p p p dA, Ji ftP.«.«PP«.«P.«P+ t «PPP.«PPP.PPPPPPPP«PPPPPPP.«P«PP-t.«PPPPPPPPPPPf!£ GET YOUR. Huttjer Ueague Supplies FROM HEADQUARTERS. Badges, Books of the Reading Course, Hymnals, Topics, Reviews, etc. Send for our price list of all supplies, with discounts on Badges, etc. LUTHER LEAGUE REVIEW, P. O. Box 876. NEW YORK CITY. XXV George li. Hardner, ESTIMATES FURNISHED FOR SEWERS, BRIDGES, MACADAM and BRICK = PAVING. Rooms 7, 8 and 15, Lentz Building, Hamilton Street, Allentown, Penna. A large supply of Horses and Mules always on hand for Private Sale. Special attention giving to selling High- grade Roadsters, Saddle Horses and Matched Teams. ALLENTOWN MORSE EXCHANGE, DR. JESSE Z. HILLEGASS, Proprietor. Strictly Auction and Commission Dealers in AUCTION EVERY THURSDAY. Cor. Chew and Franklin Streets, ALLENTOWN, PENNA. L,ehigh and Bell Telephones. xxvi Hotel Hamilton, C. JPrel) tiles. Prop. ALLENTOWN, PA. Telephone Connection JACKS, THE PRINTER. ALL K NDS OF PRINTING 10-12 S. SIXTH STREET, ALLENTOWN, PA. HUNSICKER, ....pijotograplier.... PICTURES IN ALL STYLES AND PRICES. I GUARANTEE TME BEST WORK FOR YOUR MONEY. COMPARE OUR WORK AND BE CONVINCED A CALL IS ALWAYS WELCOME 824- HAMILTON STREET. Lehigh Valley Trust Safe Deposit Co, “ An Institution alive to all the business interests of the community.” Capital, .... $250,000 Capital Paid in. - 125.000 Surplus and Undivided Profits (Earned), 275.000 The experience of twenty years in the various branches of the business insures good service. DAUFER CO., LAGER BEER AND PORTER BREWERS. Allentown, Pa. Telephone Connection. NEW LYRIC CAFE, Lyric Theatre Building. One of the Finest Cafes in the State. Meals a la Carte at all Hours. Reasonable Charges. Prompt and Courteous Service. Special Table d ' Hote Dinner, 11.30 a. in. to 1.30 p. m., week days, 40 cents. Sundays, 2 to 7 p. m., 75 cents. 23 - 25-27 NORTH SIXTH STREET, ALLENTOWN, PA. DINNERWARE of the Most Artistic Decorations. Cut Glass Sets, Tumblers, Bowls, Etc., Art Glass Lamps and Shades, Gas and Electric Chandeliers, Sterling and Plated Silverware, Novelties of every description. Allentown Crockery Co. 37 and 39 South Seventh Street, ALLENTOWN, PA. W. H. Rippel, Proprietor. C. F. Berkemeyer, Manager. 150,000 PEOPLE read Clotie Printing Co., COMMERCIAL, BOOK AND COLOR PRINTERS. The Reading Eagle every issue. Law and Chestnut Streets, ALLENTOWN, PA. Lehigh Phone. Jacob W. Grim, 221 Lehigh Street. Albert P. Grim, 214 Lehigh Street. Noah Weiss, Proprietor. Howard Weiss, Manager. Grim Bros., Brick Manufacturers It t. Benton 3 rut, SIEGFRIED, PA. ...Works... South Allentown XXIX Lehigh and Penna. Phones. 4 THE HIGHEST ART in BEER-MAKING has been achieved in horlacher’s Nine Month’s Old JXL 4 Manufacturers of Highest Grades of Beer only. PERFECTION America’s Oldest and Purest BEER. THE HORLACHER BREWING CO., ALLENTOWN, PA. =4 AT TROLLEY TERMINUS ' ALLEN HOUSE, GEO. M. SIEGER, Prop. First-class Hotel. SIEGFRIED, PA. Jos. A. IylE BERMAN. CHAS. Iy. IylEBERMAN. JOS. LIEBERMAN’S SONS, ...Eagle Brewery... BREWERS AND BOTTLERS OF OLD STYLE LAGER AND EAGLE BRAND, ALLENTOWN, PA. XXX J etmtoper Co., JP. W. DDrnt Co., LIMITED, MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN LUMBER AND PLANING MILL WORK £££££££££ All kinds of Timber cut to order to 50 Feet Dry Kiln Capacity, 175,000 Feet. CATASAUQUA, PA. AUGUST HOHL, BOTTLER AND LIQUOR DEALER. Agents for FEIGENSPAN BEER, i YUENGLING PORTER, AND I ROBT SMITH CREAM ALE. ! FINE RYE WHISKIES £2 FRONT AND RACE STS., CATASAUQUA, PA. GENERAL FREIGHT AND DELIVERY. Law Street between Hamilton and Walnut Streets, ALLENTOWN, PA. JACOB MILLER MANUFACTURER OF AND DEALER IN Itfot 3(ltr JpurnaceS, eaters, Ganges, tobes, Ctc. Tin Roofing, Spouting and Repairing a Specialty. Cornice and Ornamental Work. BotEi Phones. 535, 537, 539 LINDEN STREET, ALLENTOWN, PA. XXXI Best of Wines, L,iquors and Cigars. Accommodations given to Shooters at any time Penna and Lehigh Phones. The Duck Farm Hotel, H. J. SCHLICHER, Proprietor, — R. H. HEIL— ...Grocer... Green Groceries and Provisions. Special Prices to Hotels and Clubs. West End Walnut Street, Allentown, Pa. 21 NORTH SIXTH STREET, ALLENTOWN, PA. M. Z. Schubert.... Donated. r . Pianos, Organs anb Rustical Snstruments. Cash or Instalments. Pianos Tuned and Moved. Repairing of all kinds of Musical Instruments. 31 NORTH SIXTH STREET. “THE SMART CLOTHES SHOP,” iiiocf) Person, 634 Hamilton Street, ALLENTOWN, pa. These Essentials: QUALITY. RELIABILITY. FAIRNESS of PRICE. The largest of its kind in Eastern Pennsylvania. When dealing with the Music House of G. C. ASCHBACH, 539 Hamilton Street xxxil ALLENTOWN, PA. HALF TOME. MADE. F ' OR u.s. naval ACADEMY THE CUTS IN THIS BOOK WERE MADE BY THE ELECTRIC CITY ENGRAVING CO. BUFFALO , N Y. CIARLA, 1907. VOLUME XV. PRICE, $1.00. BY MAIL, $1.25. ADDRESS : H. L. BREIDENBACH, O. W. NICKUM, Business Managers, Muhlenberg College, ALLENTOWN, PA. XXXIV


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Muhlenberg College - Ciarla Yearbook (Allentown, PA) online yearbook collection, 1904 Edition, Page 1

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Muhlenberg College - Ciarla Yearbook (Allentown, PA) online yearbook collection, 1905 Edition, Page 1

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Muhlenberg College - Ciarla Yearbook (Allentown, PA) online yearbook collection, 1906 Edition, Page 1

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Muhlenberg College - Ciarla Yearbook (Allentown, PA) online yearbook collection, 1908 Edition, Page 1

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Muhlenberg College - Ciarla Yearbook (Allentown, PA) online yearbook collection, 1909 Edition, Page 1

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Muhlenberg College - Ciarla Yearbook (Allentown, PA) online yearbook collection, 1910 Edition, Page 1

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